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Ui>-^'^C/^^\ /■ 



William Dawes, 








•hi Sanlntb Capit* (pritRtdg ^lintib fai l^t |>iitbai, 






By Henry W. Holland. 






■S this book is not meant for the public, but only 
for defcendants of its hero, who are already 
fpecially interefted in the matter, a preface may 
feem unneceffary. I wifh, however, to acknowl- 
edge the kindnefs and diligence of the many 
friends who have fupplied me with a large part of the gene- 
alogical matter, and to aflc their further afliftance in correct 
ing its errors ; for fuch I fear there mufl be, notwithflanding 
the care beftowed upon its revifion. I hope, in this way and 
from other works that may be publifhed, to obtain fome fur- 
ther information of the firft generations, faifls now inaccefTi- 
ble, or at leaft unknown to me, to add to this record. No 
doubt there are many interefting things about the family 
buried in the State archives, which the wretched index 
makes it praflically impoflible to find now. But much has, 
I fear, been irrecoverably lolt in the unavoidable ravages of 
time, or fuch wanton deflruftion as that of the moft intereft- 
ing part of the Old South records. 


vi Preface. 

The firft part of this work is in fubftantially the fame 
condition in which I read it to the Hiftoric Genealogical 
Society, though I have not hefitated to add to it details not 
then known to me. My purpofe in writing it has, I hope, 
been anfwered, and a full account at laft given of that mem- 
orable ride, not only the mod brilliant, but the moft im- 
portant fingle exploit in our nation's annals ; and William 
Dawes's fhare in it permanently eftablifhed. A new and 
more vigorous tale muft replace the popular old ftory. We 
are no longer to fancy Revere lounging in fafety in Charlef- 
town, and waiting for a dangerous fignal, on the fuccefs of 
which he had rifked every thing. We find him now with 
Dawes in the thickeft of the difturbance in Bofton, cautioufly 
fignalling to Charleftown to guard againft the too great 
danger of their capture, but coolly waiting for the match to 
be abfolutely fet to the train before they a6led. The mef- 
fenger who waited for the fignal was another man, and he 
never got through the Britifli lines. From this point of 
view, the fignals are of minor importance; but Revere 's 
two views of Bofton which I have reproduced, for one of 
which I am indebted to the Maflachufetts Hiftorical So- 
ciety, may do fomething to fettle the controverfy as to the 
church in which they were difplayed. 

The parody upon one of the modern myth theories, with 
which the eflay opens, is not intended to fupport any par- 
ticular hypothefis. 

It will be noticed that in the genealogy there are no 


Preface. vii 

numerical crofs-references, and the arrangement is generally 
a confecutive one of father and fon. I do not claim that it 
is the beft for all genealogies ; but it feems the befl in this 
cafe, where the main obje6l was the fhowing the parentage 
of William Dawes, the more efpecially fo as the collateral 
branches were fo few and flight. The central line is per- 
fe6lly certain, and about its members I have told all I knew. 
Some minor points are not fo fure, and efpecially the con- 
nexion with Samuel Dawes, of Pembroke. Poflibly fome 
light may be thrown upon it in the future. 

It feems to me that to all of us there mull be much that 
is interefling in the lives and chara6lers of thefe men of the 
early days ; for they were typical Yankees, the beft ftuff of 
the colony. John Adams paid no idle compliment when he 
faid to Samuel Adams that they had feen " four noble fami- 
lies rife up in Bofton, — the Craftfes, Gores, Dawefes, and 
Auftins." Yet they did not pretend to be fine gentlemen. 
They were honeft, induftrious. God-fearing men, from the 
firft to the laft ; men who owned land, and went to the polls 
as they went to church. They never helitated to draw their 
fword in the caufe of right. From the firft Indian war to 
the end of the Revolution, they were conftantly in the field. 
If they did not ftiare in the wars of 1 8 1 2 and 1 848, it was 
not becaufe the old Dawes blood had grown thinner. When 
the fecond national ftruggle for life came, their efforts were 
as fplendid as if nearly a century of reft had not gone by. 
It does not come within my plan to give more than an out- 

viii Preface. 

line of thefe later times. Another generation muft complete 
that. But one thing I may point out here, that there is little 
in the hiftory of this family to fupport the theory of the 
decay of the old Puritan flock. It is true that, in the pe- 
culiar focial conditions of the Eafl, our marriages are now 
late, and children comparatively few. But under the differ- 
ent conditions of Weflern life we have multiplied as rapidly 
as ever, and I clofe my work with the firmefl belief in our 

Cambridge, 1878. 


P*hotographed direfiljr from the original pifiures, and printed in the heliotTpe 
proceb wilhoul any alterations. The originals are all about one hundred years old.) 


, Frontispiece. Major William Dawes, Jr., Revere's companion. 
Painting in the polTellioa of Mrs. Goddard, of Brookline. Artifl un- 

Y II- Two views of Bollon, by Paul Revere, From parts of prints from 
the original plates. The plate of the firft belongs to the Mafs. Hift, Soc. ; 
that of the fecond to the State of Maflachufetts. 0pp. p. lo. 

V III. Mrs. Mehitable [May] Dawes, wife of William Dawes, Jr. 
Painting by Copley, in the polTeffion of Rev. F, W. Holland, of Cam- 
bridge. 0pp. p. 22. 

' IV. Samuel May, father of Mrs. Dawes. Miniature in the poftefTion 
of James H. Beat, Efq., of Bollon. Artifl unknown. 0pp. p. 24. 
K V. Benjamin Goldthwait, grandfon of Story Dawes. From a por- 
trait in the pofTelTion of Mrs. Ingerfoll, of Keene, N. H. 0pp. p. 56. 
\ VI. Mrs. Abigail [Dawes] Waters, wife of Capt. Jofiah Waters, by 
Johnfon. From a copperplate engraving in her biography. 0pp. p. 58. 
^VII. Col. Thomas Dawes. Portrait by Stuart, in the poffeflion of 
Mrs. Thomas Dawes Eliot, of New Bedford. 0pp. p. 60. 

^ VIII. Hannah [Blake] Dawes. 

List of Illustrations. 

^ VIII. Hannah [Blake] Dawes. From a crayon in the poflefTion of 
Mrs. Eliot. Artift unknown. 0pp. p. 62. 

^ IX. Joseph Peirce. From a miniature at Baton Rouge, La. 0pp. 
p. 64. 

If X. Ann [Dawes] Peirce, wife of Jofeph Peirce. From a miniature 
at Baton Rouge, La. 0pp. p. 66. 

'; XI. Judge Thomas Dawes as a boy. From a portrait by Copley, in 
the pofleffion of Mrs. G. Minot, of Cambridge. 0pp. p. 68. 

'/ XII. Judge Thomas Dawes again. From a portrait by Stuart, in 
the poffeflion of Mrs. Eliot. 0pp. p. 70. 

\ XIII. John Lucas. From a miniature fuppofed to be by Charles, in 
the poiTeflion of Mrs. John G. Gibfon, of Bofton. 0pp. p. 72. 

( XIV. John Lucas again. From a filhouette by Charles, in the pof- 
feflion of Rev. F. W. Holland. 0pp. p. 74. 

J XV. Hannah [Dawes] Lucas, wife of John Lucas. From a minia- 
ture by Malbone, in the poffeflion of Rev. F. W. Holland. 0pp. p. 76. 

* XVI. Abigail [Dawes] Cogswell. From a fllhouette in the poffef- 
lion of Mrs. John Brown, of Concord. 0pp. p. 78. 

'y XVII. Samuel Hammond. From a portrait by Alexander, in the 
poffeffion of Hon. F. W. G. Palfrey, of Cambridge. 0pp. p. 80. 

' XVIII. Sarah [Dawes] Hammond, wife of Samuel Hammond. From 
a portrait by Linnen, in the poffeffion of Hon. F. W. G. Palfrey. 0pp. 
p. 82. 

XIX. Pedigree of Dawes from 1620 to 1800. End of volume. 



■LOWLY but furely, many of the deeds of 
daring that fhould give life to the pi<5lure of 
our ftruggle for independence have funk into 
oblivion. The men that did thofe deeds have 
pafTed away; and the children that heard of them 
dire6tlyfrom their lips have followed them. Our forefathers 
were men of little literary culture; and vt'hen every thing 
was frefh and raw, before the perfpe(5iive of time had fliown 
things in their true tint and proportion, too many fuch (a&s 
had pafled from hiflory into legend. 

Amongft thefe, however, the ride of warning to Lexing- 
ton and Concord is not I hope to be claffed. I can fancy 
how the enthufiafb in comparative mythology would pounce 
upon it, and tear it to tatters. They would dwell upon the 
abfence of any description of it in contemporary hiftory, and 
one party, the ftudents of Northern lore, would fliow us how 
it is only a revival of an old wind myth, and trace its de- 
velopment through a dozen different forms. They would 


2 William Dawes and his 

identify the fhouting rider with the bluftering north wind, 
and point out the progreflive change from the feebly per- 
fonified wind gods of the Hindu, the fhouting maruts riding 
all armed on their tawny horfes, to the more humanized deity 
of the bolder Northern race, Odinn the Ganger, with cloak 
and fword dafhing along on his horfe Sleipnir; and then the 
wild huntfman of the Middle Ages ftartling the fearful 
deeper with his horrid halloo as he fpurs through the night, 
down to this lafl appearance of the warning rider of the 
night wind among the defcendants of thofe to whom his 
perfonal exiflence was a living belief. 

Or the lover of the legends of the South may point out 
a yet more plaufible relationfhip to the dawn myths, and re- 
hearfe the oft-told tale of the dawn god awakening the night 
to the coming of the great day, the purfuer whofe grafp he flies. 
We fhould be told of the Hindu Sarama (the dawn) fpeed- 
ing through the darknefs on her errand to the Pan is (the 
night, or is it Hancock and Adams ?), from Indra (the day, or 
Governor Gage ?), who is fearching for his hidden treafures, 
the white clouds ; and then of the fteeds of the fun god, and of 
Eos, the morning flar, hung out againfl the flcy as a fignal for 
the race. Every detail would be fhown to have been antici- 
pated more than a fcore of centuries ago, not only in India, 
but in cultured Greece ; and again and again in tales of 
Daphne,Clytie,and their kin, we fhould be forced to recognize 
beneath a hundred difguifes the flying one, who fades at lafl in 
the grafp of the vidlorious purfuer, the Sun God. Then the 
faint furvival of the myth in modern poetry would be traced. 
And at lafl, rehearfing all the fignificant details, we fhall be 
reminded how, heralded by the midnight fignal in the fky, 


Ride with Paul Revere. 3 

Revere and his companion rode from the eaft to the weft, 
with the foe clofe behind ; how their errand was one of 
awakening to all ; and how emerging firft from the mid- 
night darknefs they are loft fight of at laft in the overpower- 
ing glare of that glorious day. If this clofe refemblance is 
not fufficiently convincing, the conftant recurrence of the 
myftic number three may be dwelt on : how three men, 
Warren, Revere, and Dawes, planned and executed the 
alarum; how Hancock and Adams were thrice warned; 
how the ride was three hours long (in the poetic ver- 
fion), and through three towns ; and how the letters of the 
name of Warren, and again of the name of Revere, and 
again of the name of Bofton from which they ftart, are each 
the double multiple of that facred number. The next mul- 
tiple, nine, is juft the number of the letters of the town 
to which they go, Lexington ; and, what is more important, 
the next multiple, the facred twelve, is the exa6l fum of the 
letters of the name of William Dawes (and alfo of the letters 
of the name of Ebenezer Dorr) and of Charleftowne ; and it 
is befides the number of the miles that the meffengers 
rode, and alfo the fum of the digits of the date afligned, 
'75 ; all obvioufly referring to the twelve hours of the day.* 

If we ftill prefume to hefitate, the kindred fcience of phi- 
lology will be triumphantly cited, and our attention called to 
the very fignificant meaning of Revere's name, the alarmer, 
from the Latin re- and vereri^ to greatly fear, and again to 
the ftill more fignificant name of his comrade, Dawes, from 


* It is not merely that three and Conant, Pullen, Newman, Waters, even 

twelve frequently occur, but that no Deacon Larkin, who lent his horfe, all 

name is connected with the ride which are so. 
is not in the mythic number. Devens, 

4 William Dawes and his 

old Eng. dawe, to dawn, Sanscr. dah^ whence Dyotana^ the 
flying dawn maiden of the Veda, " who comes near to every 
houfe." Purfucd by Percy, — perciere, to ftrike or pierce, — 
they fly from Gage, — Germ. Wag, Sanscr. Vah or Vahni, 
the fire-god or Sun, — and Co7icordia, fafety, is their object. 
Really, the path for critical iconoclafm feems painfully fmooth. 

No doubt fome of thefe details may merely be curious 
coincidences, but the general mythical appearance is very 
ftriking; and one recalls with melancholy foreboding the 
fuccefs of the fimilar attack upon the hero of Swifs inde- 
pendence. Yet we cannot eafily give up our heroes ; and 
for myfelf I confefs that whether or not it be from patriotic 
prejudice or family pride I cannot clafs thofe riders with the 
awakener of Switzerland, and confign Revere and Dawes 
with Tell to the immemorial traditions of the paft. 

The beginning of our great ftruggle for independence was 
fo important that its flighted details deferve careful exami- 
nation; and the Concord fight was no trifling by-play. 
Much as we are inclined to enlarge upon our national 
triumphs, its importance has I think hardly been fufficiently 
eftimated. It is not that it was the firil open refiftance, for 
it was not ; and indeed there can hardly be faid to have been 
much fighting in the open field on that nineteenth day 
of April. It can fcarcely be claimed as a vidlory for the 
provincials, fince the Britifti regulars accompliflied their 
immediate obje6l of deftroying fuch of the flores coUedled 
at Concord as they could find, and retreated to Bofton with- 
out fevere lofs. Yet, in its broader bearings, the movement 
was not only a difaftrous failure for the Britifh, but it proved 
plainly the certainty of ultimate defeat. An unwilling 


Ride with Paul Revere. 5 

obedience can be extorted from a people in only two ways, 
— either by quartering troops everywhere, and making the 
ftrong arm of central power omniprefent, fo that there is 
nowhere any opportunity for refiftance, — or by maffing 
troops at a few central points, and moving rapidly from thofe 
points, to ftamp out every fpark of infurrection before it can 
kindle into flame. Had Great Britain been able to adopt the 
firft courfe, no doubt the rebellion might have been prevented, 
and we might to-day be jealoufly difcuflTmg our colonial 
rights with the mother country, or vaguely hoping for a 
railroad to the Mifliflippi. But the American colonifts 
were thinly fcattered over a vaft territory ; and to have 
grafped firmly every little fettlement, to have placed an over- 
whelming force in every hamlet, was beyond the power of 
Great Britain or indeed of any nation of Europe. The other 
alternative, that of a ftrong and mobile central force, was 
therefore of neceflity the one adopted by King George. Its 
fuccefs depended upon the national charadler of the colo- 
nifts, upon whether they could be overawed by Britifti 
power ; and its efficiency was tefted at Concord once for all. 
The farmers were openly preparing there for infurredlion. 
General Gage ftruck, — ftruck fuddenly and hard, — ftruck 
to find the whole country under arms. The flower of his 
force was powerlefs before fuch an uprifing. It retreated, 
and retreated only juft in time. " The landfcape was alive 
with armed men. . . . The hills echoed and flafhed. The 
woods rang. The road became an endlefs ambufcade of 
flame. The Americans feemed to the appalled Britifti 
troops to drop from the clouds,^ to fpring from the earth. 


' The remark of a Britifh officer prefent. 

6 William Dawes and his 

With every ftep, the attack was deadlier, the danger more 
imminent."^ At lafl, thanks to Lord Percy's re-enforce- 
ments, they reached Bofton ; reached it to find that the fiege 
had begun. All New England was on the march to enforce it. 
And two days had not gone by before the troops of New 
Hampfhire, Rhode Ifland, and Connedlicut were marlhalled 
before the town. The attempt to hold the outlying country 
had utterly failed, and was never again repeated, until two 
years later Burgoyne met his fate at Saratoga. To hold 
fuch a people quiet by a central force was proved then and 
there to be impoffible. The fuccefs of the provincials was 
thenceforth a mere queflion of time. 

From this point of view, every event of that day is of 
interefl, and not the leafl among them Warren's meffage 
of warning. With one of his meffengers we are all familiar. 
Hiftory has told the tale, and poefy has adorned it with 
its magic charm. We can fee the impatient Revere watch- 
ing the Old North belfry from the darknefs on the oppofite 

"As it rofe above the graves on the hill, 
Lonely and fpe6b'al, and fombre and dill," 

until his friend learns of the Britifti movement, and fignals 
him from it the news, and then mounting and fpurring off 
through the night. It is a pity to criticife fo impreflive a 
pidlure. True, it is a fancy fketch, quite irreconcilable 
with the dry hiflorical fa6ls; but in an artiflic mood we 
are flrongly inclined to fay, fo much the worfe for the 

Little as thefe fa<5ls feem to be known, there is really no 


* Curtis's oration, Concord Centennial, p. io6. 

Ride with Paul Revere. 7 

doubt about them. The accounts of Paul Revere * and of 
Richard Devens,* both adlors in the affair, agree almofl 
exadlly, with the exception of Devens's flatement, from report 
only, that Revere was captured before reaching Lexington. 
Their account is fupported by the narratives of Gordon 
and Clark, and what little other dire6l evidence there is, 
and by the recollecflions preferved in the Dawes family, and 
now firft publifhed. It is confident, and the a6ls defcribed 
are what we fhould naturally expe6l from the men con- 
cerned, which cannot be faid of the common verfion ; and 
there is abfolutely nothing of contemporaneous authority to 
contradi6l it. It is followed briefly by Frothingham® and 
Bancroft, and more fully by Charles Hudfon ; but nearly 
all the other accounts that I have feen confufe Revere 
with another perfon, and generally adopt the romantic 
view with more or lefs of original improvements. 

The circumflances of the cafe were thefe: For fome 
days before the 19th of April, it had been known that the 
Britifh were preparing to move. The tranfports had been 
launched on the midnight of the preceding Saturday. The 
"Somerfet" (man-of-war) was ftationed near the ferry to 
Charleflown, and the grenadiers and light infantry were taken 
off duty. Their deflination was naturally fufpe6led to be 
Concord ; for there the flores of war material were faft 
accumulating, and there, or in the vicinity, were Hancock 
and Adams, and other Revolutionary leaders. In this ftate 
of things, there had been a number of falfe alarms; and, 


* Written Jan. i, 1798. i Ser. Hifl. ton," p. 57. Singulariy omitted from 
CoU. V. p. 106. Whitney^s lift of accounts of the matter. 

* An undated MS. of Devens given * In nis Siege of Bofton. 
in Frothingham's ** Siege of Bof- 

8 William Dawes and his 

while Warren kept the patriot leaders outfide well informed, 
he would naturally wait until the laft moment, when infor- 
mation had become complete, and attack certain, before 
fending out to aroufe the country. When that moment 
came, we fhould expedl that meffengers would be fent out 
by each of the main roads from the town, both to leffen the 
rifk of capture, and to call to arms a greater number of 
men. Moreover, the fuccefs of Gage's expedition would 
depend fo much upon its fecrefy that he would take every 
precaution to prevent news of it from efcaping ; and the 
danger of the capture of both meflfengers would be fo great 
that fome other means would be fought, fome fignal light 
to call out the men on the other fide of the river, if dire6l 
communication failed (beacon lights being ftill in common 
ufe) : and this was exadlly Warren's arrangement. He had 
trufly men ready for each route, and fignals prearranged in 
addition. Revere, who had gone out of town the Sunday 
before, on an errand of love rather than war it is faid, then 
" agreed with a Colonel Conant, and fome other gentlemen, 
[in Charleftown, amongft whom feems to have been Richard 
Devens] that, if the Britifh went out by water, we fhould 
fhow two lanterns in the North Church fteeple, and if by 
land one, as a fignal; for we were apprehenfive that it 
would be difficult to crofs over Charles River, or get over 
Bofton Neck."^ Thus the fignals were not to be from 
Warren to Revere, — fuch clumfy means were quite unnec- 
effary to enable Revere to communicate with Warren, and 
the prearrangement with Conant would have been ufelefs. 
They were from Warren to Conant, to avoid the danger of 


^ Revere's Narrative. 

Ride with Paul Revere. 9 

Revere's not being able " to crofs over Charles River," and 
Dawes "to get over Bofton Neck," — a contingency which 
happily did not occur. To have fent Revere and Dawes 
by boat to Charleftown, there to wait for fignals (as defcribed 
by Lofling), would have been to rifk the aroufing of the 
Americans on the dangerous paflage of that little boat, and 
the equally dangerous difplay of fignal lights, a very unlafe 
experiment ; and the commoner account which difregards 
Dawes, and makes Revere alone wait for the fignal and 
bear the news, was flill lefs likely to fatisfy the fertile brains 
of Warren and his friends. 

On the afternoon of the day before the attack, Warren 
learned from feveral fources that the Britifh were about to 
move. A gunfmith named Jafper got it from a Britifti 
fergeant, and told Colonel Waters, of the Committee of 
Safety, — Dawes's coufm ; and he, of courfe, told Warren 
at once.® John Ballard, in the Milk Street liable, heard 
one of the Province Houfe grooms fay that " there would 
be hell to pay to-morrow," and made a pretext to run with 
the news to a friend of liberty on Ann Street (William 
Dawes, I think), who carried it to Revere,^ who told him 
he had already heard it from two other perfons. A little 
later, " it was obferved that a number of foldiers were march- 
ing towards Bofton Common," which ran down to the land- 
ing place on the fhore. The whole town was on the watch, 
every citizen was a dete6live, and Warren was kept well 
informed. " His foul beat to arms," fays Eliot, " as foon 
as he learned the intention of the Britifh troops ; " but he 


• N. E. Gen. and Ant. Reg., 1853, • Drake's Landmarks, p. 243. -• 
p. 139- 

lo William Dawes and his 

waited until they a(5l:ually began to move to their boats, 
and then he fent out Dawes at once by the land route over 
the Neck, and acrofs the river at the Brighton bridge to 
Cambridge and Lexington ; and direcftly after, " about ten 
o'clock," '" he " fent in great hafte " for Revere, and fent him 
out by the water route through Charleftown to Lexington, 
to aroufe the country, and efpecially to acquaint Hancock 
and Adams "of the movement." There is no hint that 
Revere was to wait for further information : on the contrary, 
it is diflindlly implied that he was already acquainted with 
the movements which he was to communicate. Warren, 
probably, alfo told Revere to have the lignals hung out at 
once; for Revere immediately "called upon a friend," 
Captain John Pulling, one of Revere's comrades on the 
Bofton Committee of Safety, and a Iharer in the tea-fight 
undifguifed, and " dcfired him to make the fignal " in the 
" North Church fleeple." " He did not defire him to fearch 


'• Revere's Narrative. poflible now to determine the point 

** I follow here the account of Mr. with certainty. The weight of evidence 

Watfon recently published (**Paul Re- feems to me greatly in favor of Chrift 

vere*s Signal," &c., by Rev. John Lee Church. Devens and Revere are the 

Watfon with remarks by Charles Deane) only contemporary authorities, and they 

and corroborated by Mr. H. H. Lane, both refer to it merely as the " Nortn 

as to Captain Pulling's (hare in the ex- Church," which has been naturally, but 

ploit, as it feems to me the moft truft- not neceflarily applied to Dr. Lothrop's 

worthy and probable, both from the meeting-houle in North Square, ufually 

charadler of Pulling, his relations to known then as the " Old North." That 

Revere, and the details given. The church, however, not being of the 

chara6ler of Robert Newman, and his Church of England, was properly de- 

releafe by the Britilh, when arrefled fcribed then as the old North Meeting- 

upon the charge, are decidedly againfl houfe. And even at that time Chrift 

the claim that has been made for him. Church, which was ftill farther north, 

As to whether it was Chrift Church, was fometimes popularly called the 

the old North Meeting-houfe, or the North Church (fee Mr. Graves's letter, 

new Brick Meeting-houfe, in which the dated May 5, 1768, in Perry's Hiftorical 

lights were difplayed, there has been Collections, III. p. 536, and other letters 

much discuffion, and it is not perhaps referred 

II. Two Views of Boston by Revkri 


I. From Hie north eait, shouinij Chri.t tliutcli ( A 1 and Cliark-slovin Djiposite, 

From llie Mtiitli e: 

utdi (A.) ami U.e N.irlli Meelmg House (D.)- 

Ride with Paul Revere. 1 1 

in the ftreets, or linger for news in the fteeple. There was 
no occafion for that, for the troops were already in motion. 
He fimply told him to make the fignal ; and Pulling, who 
did not need to be told what was doing, fet about it at once. 
He went to the fexton of Chrift Church, and got from him 
the keys, and entered the church, — a proceeding not without 
danger, as Pitcairn's regiment is faid to have been drawn up 
nearly in front, — and audacioufly hung out the two fignal 
lanterns over the very heads of the king's troops, probably 
before five minutes had gone by from Revere s fummons. 
It may be imagined that the fearch for Pulling was hot 
when Gage learned what he had done ; but he received 
timely warning, and, after a fojourn in his grandmother's 
wine-butt, efcaped in difguife to Nantafket, where he en- 
dured many hardfhips, and faw his abandoned property pay 
the penalty of his patriotifm. 

Conant and Devens, meanwhile, were watching on the 
Charleftown fhore, where Devens fays he viewed himfelf 


referred to by Mr. Deane and Mr. flope towards Charleftown ; while the 

Watfon); and twenty years later, when old North, and new North Brick, 

Revere wrote, it was generally fo ftyled, were not only low, but farther away, 

the North Meeting-houfe having long and more oblcured by buildings ; and 

been deftroyed. Devens's mention of the old North, from its pofition oppofite 

the "upper window of the tower" ap- the barracks, was particularly expofed 

plies well to the tall tower of Chrift tointerference, points which would have 

Church with its tiers of windows, and greatly influenced Revere, particularly 

not at all to the windowlefs belfry of as North Square was clofely guarded 

the North Square Meeting-houfe. Tra- that evening (fee maps and Price's 

dition has always been ftrongly in favor large view of the city, and two prints 

of Chrift Church; fuch good authority of Revere's, parts ojt which are repro- 

as Colonel Jofeph May, for example, duced here, ftiowing the old North, 

pointing it out fifty years ago, when Chrift Church, and Charleftown). The 

memories were frem. Then the arreft point that Chrift Church was Tory 

of the Chrift Church fexton Newman, would have been an additional motive 

and the fearch for the veftryman Pul- to ufe it, for it would have been lefs 

ling, are ftrong evidence. Another open to fufpicion. There is no evi- 

important point is the pofition and dence of importance in favor of the 

height of the churches, Chrift Church Brick Meeting-houfe. 
being nearly twice as high and on the 

12 William Dawes and his 

" in the charadler of a fentinel to keep a look-out, and give 
notice, if danger appeared." They faw the fignal at once, 
and, fays Devens, " fent off an exprefs to Meffrs. Gerry, &c.," 
and Meffrs. Hancock and A. [Adams], who I knew were at 
the Rev. Mr. [Clark's], at Lexington, that the enemy were 
certainly coming out." This exprefs it was, and not Paul 
Revere, who waited for the fignals, and was fent with their 
intelligence to Parfon Clark; and the two are evidently 
confufed in the common verfion. He muft have been cap- 
tured by the Britifh guard early in his ride, as Clark does 
not mention him in fpeaking of the meffengers who arrived ; 
and he did not aroufe the country, which was a moft impor- 
tant part of his errand. He was probably the exprefs who 
Gordon fays ^ was " fecured by the officers on the road ; " 
but his name is unknown. Yet Hancock and Adams were 
not unprepared ; for they had heard from Gerry and others 
that the Britifli were patrolling the roads. Every one there 
knew it : even the boys of Lexington had recognized them ; 
and, at this time and later, feveral fcouts were fent out by 
the patriots, but they were either captured or failed to learn 
any thing. 

After leaving his friend Pulling, Revere went home for 
his boots and furtout, and then went to the north part of 
the town, where he kept a boat. It is faid that he awakened 
his fweetheart on the way to the fhore, by throwing gravel 


" Devens had (hortly before left the houfe as the Britifli troops came 

Gerry, Orme, and Lee at Wetherby's up. and throwing themfelves flat in the 

tavern, and had already fent them word flubble, an expofure from which Lee 

that the roads were dangerous ; but his never recovered, 

mefla^es did not have much effedl, for " Gordon's Account, Stearns's Aim. 

they juft efcaped capture the next 1776, p. 4. 
morning by rufliing balf-dreffed from 

Ride with Paul Revere. 13 

againft her window, and got from her linen with which he 
muffled his oars. By this time, the Britifh had begun to 
embark ; and Percy had learned from the chance remark of 
a byftander that their deftination was known. " They will 
mifs their aim," faid the man. " What aim ? " aflced Percy. 
" Why, the cannon at Concord," was the anfwer. Orders 
at once were iffued that no one fhould leave the town, but 
they came five minutes too late.^* Revere had croffed the 
river fafely, a little to the eaftward of where the man-of-war 
" Somerfet " lay, rowed by two friends whofe names are loft. 
" It was then young flood : the fhip was winding, and the 
moon was rifing.^'^ They landed me on the Charleftown 
fide. When I got into town, I met Colonel Conant and 
feveral others [amongft whom was Devens]. They faid they 
hadfeen £?«r fignals " already ; ^^ and Revere fhortly explained 
to them " what was doing," and " that the T [troops] were 
adlually in the boats." " There was no time to lofe. Revere 
had no horfe, and the enemy were clofe behind. He went 
with Devens to Deacon Larkin's barn, where they got a 
horfe ; and in a moment he was off, at full fpeed, no doubt, 
for Lexington by the Cambridge road. He was not out of 
danger, however. A little way beyond Charleftown Neck 
he met the Britifli patrol, and only efcaped by turning back 
towards Charleftown on the full gallop, and pufhing for the 
Medford road, his purfuer fortunately getting ftuck in a 


1* Gordon's Account. the moon rofe at 10.48, and Gordon 

^* The times of the feveral accounts fays the Britifti embarked at moon-rife ; 

tally well. De Berni^re fays that the and Devens fays Revere got acrofs 

troops gof the order to march at 9, but about eleven, fo that he was not much 

did not leave Phipps's form until mid- in advance of them, 

night (2 Ser. Hift. Coll. IV. p. 215); i« Revere's Account. 

Revere fays he was fent for about ten ; ^^ Devens's Account 

14 William Dawes and his 

clay pond. Very likely but for this accident he might have 
ftumbled into the main body of Britifh troops, which muft 
have been near. At Medford, he reached the inhabited 
country again, and flopped to call out the minute men, 
and from there on he awakened nearly every houfe. He 
got to Parfon Clark's about midnight, where he found Han- 
cock and Adams. The guard, which had been placed about 
the houfe, would not admit him, and told him to make 
no noife. " Noife ! " faid he : " you'll have noife enough 
before long. The regulars are coming out" ^^ And Han- 
cock, hearing him then, called out, "Come in, Revere! 
We're not afraid of you ; " and he went in. In the courfe 
of half an hour, Dawes arrived, and met Revere on the 
green. He had ftarted at once without going home, and 
had eluded the guard at the Neck with difficulty, coming out 
by the longer route of Brighton bridge and the Cambridge 
road, and aroufmg all the houfes on his path. After a little 
delay for refrefliment, they rode on towards Concord, accom- 
panied by a " high fon of liberty," young Dr. Prefcott, who 
had been vifiting his fweetheart, a Mifs Mulliken, of Lexing- 
ton. About half way along, near Hartwells tavern, in lower 
Lincoln, they met Britifh officers again ; Prefcott and 
Dawes being a hundred rods behind, alarming a houfe, 
when Revere difcovered them. Prefcott, who was befl 
mounted, jumped the flone wall, and efcaped. Dawes, 
chafed by the foldiers, dafhed up to an empty farm-houfe, 
flapping his leather breeches and fhouting, " Halloo, boys, 
I've got two of 'em!" and his purfuers were fortunately 


" Wm. Monroe's Depofition. Phin- foon have a noife that will difturb you 
ney has thought to improve this fpeech all. The Britifh troops are on their 
by making Revere fay : " Noife ! You'll march, and will foon be among you." 

Ride with Paul Revere. 15 

frightened, and made oflf. In the excitement of the chafe, 
Dawes pulled up fo fuddenly that he was thrown from his 
horfe, and loft his watch, and did not get it again until fome 
days later, when he returned to fearch for it. Here we lofe 
fight of Prefcott and Dawes; but we know that one of 
them got to Concord with the news about two that morn- 
ing, or a little later, and both, no doubt, played their part in 
the later turmoil of the day. Revere did not efcape fo eafily. 
Striking off for fome woods near by, he rode into another 
party of Britifh, and was forced to furrender. " Gentlemen," 
faid he, " youVe miffed of your aim." " What of our aim ? " 
faid they.^^ " I came out of Bofton," he anfwered : "an hour 
after your troops had come out of Bofton, and landed at 
Lechmere's Point ; and, if I had not known people had been 
fent out to give information to the country, and time enough 
to get fifty miles, I would have ventured one ftiot from you 
before I would have fuffered you to have ftopped me." Ring- 
ing bells and blazing beacons everywhere foon convinced his 
captors that the country was indeed up, and they retreated 
with him to Lexington, where, in the excitement which pre- 
ceded Pitcairn's arrival he efcaped with the lofs of his horse, 
and joined the party at Clark's, near by, about three in the 
morning. Hancock had fpent the night there in cleaning his 
arms ; but, hearing from a Britifh patrol fome inquiries of a 
difcouraging nature for " that damned rebel Hancock," he 
seems to have been eafily diffuaded from his martial purpofes 


^* Sanderfon's depofition. I cannot the time a little ; but it is quite plain 
think that there is any thing more than that he knew the troops were in motion 
a coincidence in the refemblance of when he left Boflon. His own narra- 
thcfe words to the dialogue on the tive does not materially differ, men- 
Common, thoueh it is certainly cu- tioning that the "troops had catched 
rious. Revere feems to have flretched aground in pafGng the river." 

1 6 William Dawes and his 

by Adams, who clapped him on the fhoulder, and convinced 
him that " this is not our bufinefs : we belong to the cabinet : " 
and he gave way, not omitting, however, the explanation, " If I 
had my muflcet, I would never turn my back on thefe troops." ^ 
Under Warren's guidance, they hid in the woods until the 
Britifli had paffed, and then rapidly retreated to the houfe 
of the widow Jones, in Woburn, Clark's son, Jonas, driving 
them over in a chaife. It is fuppofed to have been at 
an earlier hour that Adams made his well-known remark 
about the "glorious morning." From there they fent back 
for Hancock's betrothed, Mifs Dorothy Quincy, and his 
aunt, Mrs. Hancock, whom they had left behind at Clark's, 
to come to them and bring the " fine falmon," which had 
been fent them for dinner; ^^ and Revere returned to the field. 
The party arrived fafely at Woburn, and were juft fitting 
down comfortably to enjoy the dinner, when a frightened 
Lexington farmer rufhed in, crying: " The Britifh are com- 
ing ! The Britifh are coming ! My wife's in etarnity now ! " 
and Hancock and Adams lofl no time in retreating into the 
fwamp back of the houfe, and finally to Amos Wyman's, 
in Billerica, where they dined at laft on cold fait pork and 
potatoes, ferved in a wooden tray. They played, no doubt, 
a prudent part ; but our fympathies will go out on that day 
rather to Warren, leading his undifciplined countrymen in 
the thickefl of the fight, than to his cautious friends of 
" the cabinet " and their fine falmon dinner.^ 

This is the way the thing happened, — a homely but vig- 
orous tale, very different from Longfellow's vivid fketch of 


* His trial for fmuggling was fet for " « Warrai with virtue jjlorified his name, 
the 19th in Boflon. Then fought his native heaven on wings 

a General Sumner's Reminifcences, ^ ^**™«-" 

Gen. and Ant. Reg. 1854, p. 187. 

Ride with Paul Revere. \ 7 

Revere pacing the Charleftown fhore with his fteed in the 
darknefs, — 

^ Impatient to mount and ridei 
Booted and fpurred, with a heavy ftride," 

until he fees the fignals, and then galloping off with their 
meffage ; which, fo far as it is fa(5t at all, defcribes another 
man. And, too, that other companion picture of his 
friend as he 

" Through alley and (Ireet 

Wanders and watches with eager ears, 

Till in the filence around him he hears 
• •••••• 

The raeafured tread of the grenadiers, 

Marching down to their boats on the Ihore ; " 

and then waiting and watching again in the " belfry "(?), 

" Beneath in the churchyard lay the dead, 
In their night encampment on the hill, 
Wrapped in filence," * 

until at length he fees 

" A fhadowy fomething far away, 
Where the river widens to meet the bay,** 
A line of black that bends and floats 
On the rifing tide like a bridge of boats," 

which he flafhes acrofs to Revere, is equally fanciful. There 
was a fignal in the fteeple, and Revere did ride ; but that 
impreffive fcene, one of the finefl in our colonial annalsi 


" The churchyard was on the next ^ Another unfortunate defcription. 
ftrcet, with houfes between ; but the The river is quite narrow where they 
poet evidently means the right church, crofled, and grows narrower ftill below. 

1 8 William Dawes and his 

is pure fidion. The later details of the ride, too, muft all 
go : how, on leaving Charleftown, he " mounted the fteep," 
and rode along the fhore of the Myftic, — 

" Under the alders that (kirt its edge," 

and how 



" It was twelve by the village clock, 
When he croffed the bridge into Medford town j " 

" It was one by the village clock, 
When he galloped into Lexington," 

" It was two by the village clock, 
When he came to the bridge in Concord town." 

Not only are they all wrong as to the details of route and 
time, but we know that he never got to Concord bridge 
at all. 

Much as our artiflic fenfibilities or traditional attach- 
ments may make us regret the lofs of the legend, the fadls 
about Revere's fhare in the exploit are certain ; and fo they 
are alfo as to Warren's other meffenger, though here 
there has been fome difpute. Revere pofitively afferts 
that he was William Dawes, and he has been followed 
by Bancroft, Frothingham, and the leffer hiftorians gener- 

But a writer over the lignature " C. C," in the New Eng- 
land Genealogical and Antiquarian Regifter for 1853, p. 
139, fays: — 

" The intelligence that the Britifli intended to go out to 
Lexington was conveyed over Bofton Neck to Roxbury, by 
Ebenezer Dorr, of Boflon, a leather-dreffer by trade, who 
was mounted on a flow-jogging horfe, with faddle-bags be- 

Ride with Paul Revere. 19 

hind him, and a large flapped hat upon his head, to refemble 
a countryman on a journey. Colonel Jofiah Waters, of Bof- 
ton, a ftanch Whig, and who afterwards a6led as engineer in 
diredling the building of the forts at Roxbury, followed on 
foot at a ftiort diftance from him, until he faw him fafely 
paft all the fentinels." 

Following this fuppofed authority in preference to the 
hiftorians above referred to, Mr. Frederic Hudfon, and after 
him Mr. George William Curtis in his Concord oration, gave 
Ebenezer Dorr as the name of Revere 's comrade, and thus 
raifed the queflion which it is the objecfl of this eflay to 
fettle, — a queflion efpecially interefting to the writer as a 
lineal defcendant of William Dawes. 

Now firft it is to be remarked that Revere fpeaks with- 
out hefitation of William Dawes as the other rider, 
although his firft mention of him as "a Mr. William 
Dawes " indicates perhaps that he knew that the name was 
not familiar to the perfons whom he addreffed. Revere is 
the beft of authority ; and, had there been any thing to con- 
tradi6l him, our learned hiftorians and antiquarians would 
certainly have found it. And, moreover, the note in the 
Regifter referred to does not fupport the conftru6lion put 
upon it; for it only ftates that Dorr carried the intelli- 
gence " over Bofton Neck to Roxbury," and I am informed 
that the author, Mifs Catherine Curtis, never heard that he 
bore it further, and his grandfon has never heard that he 
was Warren's meflenger. 

Ebenezer Dorr lived in Roxbury ; and it is very probable 
that he rode out from town that night, and had difficulty in 
pafling the guard, and on his arrival informed his neighbors 


20 William Dawes and his 

of the news. In this way, Jofeph Hall, afterwards judge, 
was fent out to Roxbury that afternoon with tidings of the 
movement, and Solomon Brown carried the word out home 
to Lexington. Some of the details, however, feem as if, in 
the tale of the ride, the riders had been confufed. Thus, 
Dawes was a tanner ; while Dorr did not, I think, until later 
practife his trade of fellmonger. Dawes often wore a 
miller's fuit and flouched hat, in his efforts to elude the 
Britifh. Colonel Waters, too, was his coufin, and extremely 
likely to aflift him in any adventure. 

Still another name is given by William Monroe, orderly 
fergeant in Captain Parker's company, who was on guard 
that night at Clark's houfe, in anticipation of the attack. 
In his affidavit given long after the event, in the Concord- 
Lexington Controverfy, March 7, 1825, he calls the mef- 
fenger who came from Warren by way of the Neck and 
Roxbury " Mr. Lincoln," apparently defcribing, however. 
Major Dawes. Monroe was followed by Elias Phinney, in 
his hiftory of the affair, — an effay not fo free as it fhould 
have been from errore, fuch as giving " Sanderfon's " name 
" Saunders." * Now, it is plain from the accounts that many 
men were in the field that night fpreading the great news, 
but no one fpeaks of more than two meffengers from War- 
ren ; and it would feem that there muft be fome miftake 
in the name. There is no other evidence to connedl any 
Lincoln with the day ; and it feems moft probable that, in 
the lapfe of half a century, the old farmer had confufed the 
names a little, and gave the name of the place where Revere 
was captured (which we know was Lincoln) to Revere's 
comrade. This feems the bed explanation of the difcrep- 


Ride with Paul Revere. 


ancy, for there is plenty of other evidence that Dawes was 
the man referred to. From his own lips and thofe of his 
wives (he was twice married), his children often heard the 
tale, while the events were frefh in the minds of all. And 
I have obtained a ftatement from his daughter (by his fecond 
wife), containing many interefting matters, and alfo the ac- 
count of his grand-daughter (by his firft wife), each fupply- 
ing fome details not found elfewhere. It fhould here be 
remarked that, after fome correfpondence and examina- 
tion, Mr. George William Curtis abandoned the Dorr 
claim, and made the proper alteration in his oration when 

Some account of the life of this man, whofe energy and 
patriotifm marked him out in Warren's judgment for this 
important duty, may properly introduce the narrative of his 
exploit His family genealogy will be found at length in 
the latter part of this volume. From it, the reader will fee 
that William Dawes came of good old Puritan flock. The 
firft Dawes came over in 1628-29,^ with the firft large body 
of Puritan emigrants. They were men who found the per- 
fecution of the Englifti government very grievous to bear, 
and, encouraged by the example of the feparatift colony 
which had fucceeded in eftablifliing itfelf on a firm bafis at 
Plymouth in the preceding eight years, came over at that 


«• W. New Brighton, Statbn Isl., N.Y., 

aoth May, 1875. 

My dear Sir, — I thank you for 
vour note of the 17th ; and, as I have 
Deen in communication with the g^nd- 
fon of Ebenezer Dorr, who would cer- 
tainly know the tradition in his own 
family, I think that there is little doubt 
where the honor belongs, and I fliall 

make the proper corre^ion. I am very 
much obliged by your courtefy, and am 
Very faithfully yours, 

George William Curtis. 

* I do not find any but family records 
of his coming, and he apparently did 
not remain. Concerning^ his fon who 
came over in 1635, ana his defend- 
ants, the records are very full. 

22 William Dawes and his 

time in a confiderable body, and founded the Bofton and 
Salem fettlements. 

An Englifh^ branch of the family (now extinft) was 
loyal to the crown, and attained great wealth and confider- 
able diftindlion ; one Sir William Dawes becoming arch- 
bilhop of Canterbury. The firft William Dawes who fettled 
in this country was a mafon by trade, and arrived in 1635. 
He fettled firft in Braintree, but afterwards removed to 
Bofton, where he was fuccefsful in the modeft manner of 
thofe fimple times. His houfe on Sudbury Street remained 
in the poflefTion of the family for five generations until 
1775, when it was pulled down by the Britifti during their 
occupation of Bofton. He was beft known by the con- 
fpicuous part he played in the long conteft for the extenfion 
of the fuffrage, previoufly limited to communicants, from 
which movement the Old South Church fprang. The 
movement was fuccefsful, but not until the voice of the 
whole colony at a general ele6lion had repeated the demand 
of Dawes and his friends. His fon Ambrof was a man of 
fome importance, and ferved with honor in the Indian wars 
of the time. A fuller account of both will be found in the 
genealogy. Suffice it here to fay that their children and 
grand-children were like unto them, — hard-working, thrifty, 
well-to-do, long-lived men; with a grafp as firm for the 
fword as the trowel, leaving large families and unincum- 
bered real eftate. God-fearing men they were too, the 
bone and finew of the youthful colony. One of the uncles 
of our hero was Lieutenant William Homes, the nephew of 


^ It (hould be remarked that the evidence of the connexion between the two 
branches is not concluiive. 

III. Mehitable [Mav] Dawes. 


Ride with Paul Revere. 23 

Franklin, called " the honeft goldfmith ; " and another was 
Captain Jofiah Waters, father of Colonel Waters, already 
alluded to.^ Colonel Thomas Dawes, eminent alike as an 
architect and a patriot, was his coufm. He was called in the 
homely wit of the time King Dawes ; and it is faid that, in 
his leather apron, he ruled the town meetings of Bofton with 
a rod of iron. The father of William Dawes was debarred 
by lamenefs from any confpicuous career; but the family 
was, neverthelefs, one of the half dozen leading patriot fam- 
ilies of Bofton, and it is fmall wonder that young Dawes 
grew up feeling that no facrifice for his country was too 
great, no danger too threatening. 

William Dawes, Jr., as he was always ftyled, his father 
furviving him, was born in Bofton, on the 6th of April, 
1745, and paffed his early years in his fathers home in Ann 
Street, a home fo ftridl in the godlinefs of the time that 
the children were not allowed to look out of the window on 
Sunday. He was early inftru6led in the " School of Good 
Manners " for children, the chara6ler of which is ftiown by 
the following paffages: "Let thy recreations be lawful, 
brief, and feldom ; " and " let thy meditations be of death, 
judgment, and -eternity," — maxims which there is reafon to 
believe the child did not follow too clofely. He was a 
bright, mifchievous, aftive boy, and this ftridlnefs feems to 
have been not altogether to his tafte, as he himfelf became, 
in after years, much more liberal. Little is known of his 
youth except that he learned the trade of tanner, which 
he followed for fome years, having his tan-yard on what 


"It was of this Captain Waters, by " Reverberated fcenes of pure delight, 
the way, that the writer of fome elegaic ^*?°\"P„**** '*^*' ^ pleafure to their 

verfes touchingly remarks that he — neight 

24- William Dawes and his 

is now the comer of Sudbury and Friend Streets, He 
married young, as the cuftom then was, when he was but 
twenty-three, and his wife Mehitable, a daughter of Samuel 
May of Bofton (whofe portrait follows hers), was but feven- 
teen ; and the next year they joined the Old South Church, 
where his forefathers had always worfhipped. For fome 
fix or eight years they lived at No. 64 Ann Street, nearly 
oppofite to his father, in a houfe previoufly owned by Jofiah 
Waters, until the Revolution made Bofton too hot for 
him. His wife was excellently fuited to him, and the mar- 
riage was a happy one. Their wedded life covered about a 
quarter of a century, and fhe bore him fix children. A heli- 
otype from her portrait painted for her hufband by Copley, 
who painted feveral of her relations, and was at one time 
a neighbor, will be found oppofite. 

The political flcy grew very black about the time of his 
marriage (1768), and he then became major in the Ancient 
and Honourable Artillery Company, which he had joined 
fome years before after the faftiion of his forefathers. 
The Britifti troops garrifoned in the city foon became 
a great anno3rance and danger, and Dawes was not 
the man to fiibmit tamely to infult. One evening he and 
his wife were returning through Cornhill about dufk from a 
friendly vifit, and he had moved a few fteps in advance with 
an acquaintance, when a Britifli foldier ftanding by was at- 
trailed by the charms of Mrs. Dawes, and caught her up in 
his arms (she was a very finall woman), and, thinking her 
unprotected, attempted to carry her off bodily. Her huf- 
band, however, turned upon him, and gave him a beating as 
found as it was well deferved. About this time another inci- 

Ride with Paul Revere. 25 

dent occurred illuftrating not only the turbulence of the fol- 
diery, but the cool bravery of Mrs. Dawes. One night a foldier 
tried to rob their houfe, and puflied up the window of the 
bedroom where Mrs. Dawes and her hufband were fleeping. 
She wakened at the noife, and raifing herfelf in bed faw the 
robber, and, without a thought for herfelf, cried out, " Take 
care ! You'll wake my hufband." Thofe were times to call 
up the brave blood even of women. It was her father's 
fecond wife, Abigail May (daughter of Jofeph Williams, of 
Roxbury), a ftrong and refolute woman, who, " one day 
when a Britifh foldier reached his hand into her open win- 
dow to take fomething from the table," " quickly fhut the 
window down upon his arm, and held it as in a vice, until 
a meffenger to the guard-houfe brought an officer who 
caufed the offender to be arrefted." ^ Bofton had always 
been an orderly town, as quiet as our countr}^ towns now 
are, and fuch experiences as thefe put the moral duty of 
refiflance to tyrants in a very convincing manner before the 
men and women of 1776. It would be ver}^ unjuft to them, 
though, to put the refiflance upon perfonal grounds. The 
remoter towns were as hot as Boflon. It was not any par- 
ticular infult offered or hardfhip fuffered: it was the at- 
tempt, culminating in the Regulation A6ls of 1774, to 
deprive them of felf-government that finally roufed the 
country to refiflance. If ever a people fought for principle, 
they did. 

William Dawes followed the whole flruggle with the 
keenefl interefl, and in its early flages (until difabled by 
lamenefs) rendered the mofl vigorous affiflance. As it 


*• Mem. of Colonel Jofeph May, William Dawes's brother-in-law, p. 5. 


26 William Dawes and his 

became evident that the oppreffors muft be met in the open 
field, he fcoured the country in the attempt to organize and 
aid the nafcent Revolution. His grand-daughter writes me : 
" During thefe rides, he fometimes borrowed a friendly mill- 
er's hat and clothes, and fometimes he borrowed a drefs of 
a farmer, and had a bag of meal behind his back on the 
horfe. At one fuch time, a Britifh foldier tried to take 
away his meal, but grandfather prefented arms and ruflied 
on. The meal was for his family. But in trying to ftir up 
recruits, he was often in great danger." In 1775, he was 
in correfpondence with the Salem Committee of Safety, 
of which Timothy Pickering was chairman, to obtain from 
them powder for the Bofton patriots. About this time he 
undertook the audacious and well-executed exploit which 
faved the cannon of Captain Adino Paddock's company in 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery, to which Dawes be- 
longed, from the Britifh. 

It will be remembered that fome of the mechanics of this 
company were determined to prevent the furrender of thefe 
two fmall field-pieces to General Gage. Amongfi them 
were Abraham Holbrook, Nathaniel Balch, Samuel Gore, 
Mofes Grant, Jeremiah Gridley, Whifton, and others,** 
moftly friends of Dawes, and William Dawes was their 
leader, a fa6l that has not hitherto been known. Thefe 
men forced their way into the guard-houfe, where the can- 
non had been placed, from the rear, and carried them off to 
the free fchool on what is now Mafon near Weft Street, 
where they were hidde'n for a fortnight in a wood-box under 
the matter's feet, much to the delight of the boys who helped 


^ Dfake's Landmarks, p. 314. 

* . 

Ride with Paul Revere. 27 

to conceal them from the fearch of the enemy .^^ In lifting 
them, Dawes had one of his fleeve-buttons forced into his 
wrift, and was obliged to get furgical aid to have it taken 
out. He went to Dr. Warren, and the do6lor, knowing 
the character of his patient, naturally conne6led the fmgular 
injury with the adventure the town was ringing with ; but 
the caution of thofe men of 1776, in talking of their deeds, 
was only equalled by their boldnefs in doing them, and 
Dawes gave no unneceffary information. 

From the fchool-houfe, the cannon were carried to Whif- 
ton's blackfmith Ihop, and hidden for a time under the coal, 
under Dawes's fupervifion. The Committee of Safety, on 
the 5th of January, 1775, voted in reference to them, "that 
Mr. William Dawes be diredled to deliver to faid Cheever 
[Deacon Cheever] one pair of brafs cannon, and that the 
faid Cheever procure carriages for faid cannon or any other 
cannon that require them ; that the battering cannon car- 
riages be carried to the cannon at Waltham, and that the 
cannon and carriages remain there until further orders." 
Under thefe orders they were fent by boat to Waltham, 
and were in a6live fervice during the war. 

It may be remarked here that the note by " C. C," al- 
ready referred to in regard to Ebenezer Dorr, feems to con- 
fufe thefe two cannon with two other guns of the province 
which did not belong to Captain Paddock s train, and were 
not concealed in the fchool-houfe, but feem to have been 
hidden in a liable, and afterwards carried out over the Neck 
in a load of manure, and finally taken by the Britifli. 

Soon after this affair of the cannon came the ever-memo- 

•* See pp. 33 and 36. 

28 William Dawes and his 

rable ride, and the fiege of Bofton began. Dawes at once joined 
the Continental troops at Cambridge, and, it is faid, fought at 
Bunker Hill, but never, I believe, took commiflion in the 
regular army. When Bofton became unfafe, he moved his 
family to Worcefter, one of the great centres of rebellion ; 
and when the fiege ended, and the war was removed from 
New England, he was appointed commiffary at Worcefter 
by Congrefs. Gordon^ tells the following ftory of his treat- 
ment of the Britifli troops captured by us at Saratoga : — 

" While upon their march to the neighborhood of Bofton, 
the Britifli behaved with fuch infolence as confirmed the 
country in their determination never to fiibmit; for the 
people faid, 'If they are thus infolent now they are prif- 
oners, what would they be were they our mafters?' The 
Germans ftole, and robbed the houfes as they came along 
of clothing and every thing on which they could lay their 
hands to a large amount. When at Worcefter, indeed, they 
themfelves were robbed, though in another way. One 
Dawes, the ifluing commiffary, upon the firft company com- 
ing to draw their rations, balanced the fcales by putting 
into that which contained the weight a large ftone. When 
that company was gone (unobferved by the Germans, but not 
by all prefent), the ftone was taken away before the next 
came ; and all the other companies except the firft had fliort 

I would not defend this unworthy trick upon a fallen foe ; but 
it was no robbery, for his duty was to ifl'ue only fuch rations 
as were needed, and the Heflians had already fupplied them- 
felves pretty freely. Public opinion ftrongly oppofed the over- 
favorable terms that Gates had given to Burgoyne, and Dawes 

« III. p. 298. rather 


Ride with Paul Revere. 29 

rather weakly yielded to it ; but if we put ourfelves among the 
by-ftanders from whom the device was not concealed, and feel 
as keenly as they felt the inhumanity of the treatment that our 
captured foldiers were receiving in Britifli prifons, and fee as 
bitterly as they faw the infolence and robbery of thefe foreign 
mercenaries in our very homes, we (hall not perhaps criticife 
very feverely an a6l which took from the foe fupplies fo much 
needed by our f ufifering troops at Valley Forge. At any rate, 
he gained nothing perfonally by it, and his account was cor- 
rectly fettled with the government, which was only too ready 
to approve his conduft. 

While in Worcefter, he went into partnerfhip with his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Coolidge, as grocers ; and when, at the 
end of the war, he returned to Bofton, he carried on the 
fame bufmefs in Dock Square, refiding in Diftillhoufe 
Square. During all this time he was much troubled by an 
injury to the knee, which kept him from aftive labor. In 
Bofton, his daughter Lucretia was born, and his three other 
furviving children were married ; and here his wife Mehit- 
able died. Previoufly, Aug. i8, 1790, he had fold to Sheppy 
Townfend his eftate on the north-eaft corner of Middle 
(now Hanover) Street and Crofs Street for ;^i75; and, 
28th March, 1794 (after his wife's death), he fold to his 
brother-in-law, Jacob Tidd, his land and wharf on Diftill- 
houfe Square, which had been part of the Hughes eftate, for 
;^550. His manfion he fold, after his removal from Bofton 
(26th June, 1798), to his brother-in-law, Jofeph May, for 
$2,cxx>. It adjoined the Hinckley, Sturgis, and Holmes 
eftates on Mill Creek. In Nov. 18, 1795, at the age of 
fifty, he married his fecond wife ; and Ihortly after the birth 


30 William Dawes and his 

of their firfl: and only child, his health having failed, they 
removed to Marlboro', I prefume, to the farm previoufly 
occupied by his father. His ftay there was but fhort, how- 
ever, for he died on the 25th of February, 1799. " He was 
carried on men's Ihoulders a diftance of a quarter of a mile 
to the old meeting-houfe, where there were fervices, previous 
to his being taken to Bofton for interment " in the King's 
Chapel Burying-Ground. The houfe where he lived is ftill 
(landing ; but it has been moved from the fine fite it then 
occupied, and altered over into (lores. He left no will, and 
his widow was appointed adminidratrix of his edate, and in 
that capacity fold the Ann Street manfion to John Hoffman 
for $6,393.75 fubje(5l to dower, 3d May, 1800, which lafl'(he 
releafed two months after for the additional fum of $1,856. 
Befides this, he left a houfe behind the Ann Street manfion, 
oppofite Captain Brailifords, and another near Powers's (hop, 
and alfo the farm and manfion in Marlboro', not an inconfid- 
erable property in thofe fimple days, and his wealth was all 
of his own earning. The houfe in Marlboro' was fold to 
Enoch Corey, and the other lands to Jofeph Brigham, John 
Page, and John Sawin. His portrait (fee frontifpiece) (hows 
the geniality and vigor of this " very fearlefs and brave man, 
who never (hrank from any poft of duty." 

Only two letters of William Dawes are preferved. Both 
are to his daughter Hannah. The fird, written when (he 
was only (bcteen, was fent her when on a vifit to her Aunt 
Cogfwell, at Marlboro', and is indorfed in her child hand, 
" My Par." The force of the rebuke with which it begins 
muft have been rather fpoilt by the amufing podfcript : — 


Ride with Paul Revere. 3 1 

^ My dear Girl, — A few days fince I rec- a package of 
letters dire6led to myfelf. In looking on the fubfcription, 
concluded it was from my only daughter. Eager to fee 
the contents, could not wait untill I went home, but forced 
the fealing; when to my furprife there was nothing but 
blank. I felt my felf very much difappointed when, at leaft, 
I might have received a requeft to deliver the fame to per- 
fon defigned. Ever am I happy to hear of the welfare of 
part of my felf. I thank you for your duty and your love, 
as mentioned in your letter to your honor'd mother. May 
this find you in health & pleafure. A generall account of our 
welfare I truft you have in a more particular manner than 
time will allow me to write, in the enclofed. I hope you 
b'have as becometh. You will prefent my kind love to 
brother & fifter Cogfwell, as alfo their children, & receive 
as much of the fame at leaft as your felf are intitled unto. 
We hope in the coarfe of this week to fee you, but our ex- 
pe6lation may be cut off, as we know not what a day to- 
morrow may bring forth. Should God fee fitt to take us 
away, may wee be fo happy afto meet above where there 
will be no more feparation, &, through Chrift, fpend a bleffed 
immortality in adoring Redeeming Love. From your 
affedionate father, Wm. Dawes, Jun'r. 

Miss Hannah Dawes. 

N. B. Remember I have not forgott all my politenefs. 

Boston, 35th July, 1785. 


*» I have followed the fpelling clofely t^n that I cannot claim for them the 
here and elfewhere ; but the pundlua- fame fidelity. 
tion and ufe of capitals was 10 uncer- 

32 William Dawes and his 

The fecond letter written fome two or three years later 
fhows his piety and his warm love for his firft-bom child. 
She was then vifiting her aunt, the wife of Judge Frothing, 
ham, at Portland, and indorfed the letter " My honored papa, 
— three weeks " (pt route !) There feems to be here and 
there a perception of the humorous fide of the forms his 
politenefs compelled him to adopt in both letters. 

My dear Child, — A favorable opportunity prefenting 
itfelf, I cannott lett flip of writeing to my daughter Hannah. 
Your favor by Capt. Jones came fafe to hand Note every 
particular. Afto the effe6l of y^ fermon on you is agreeable. 
To be Aire, if wade in a ballance fhould we all be found 
wanting; but, bleffed be God, our deficiancy is made up 
through the all fufficiancy of Jefus Chrift. My dear child, 
my heart defire to God is for you, that you may injoy in 
life that hope which will be an anchor to the fole, fure & 
fteadfaft. It's realy comforting to your father to have a line 
from his Hannah. I read it & read ; put it away, hunt it 
up again & again, & always find new pleafiire. Pleafe 
write me anew, for the lafl: is almofl: wore out by handling. 
Nothing very particular to acquaint. Mifs McClaning flept 
lafl night with us, & fpent this day. Expe6ls to fale to- 
morrow. She has my afife6lion to deliver you in fome 
finall degree. . . . [fome words unintelligible] hand with 
lips imbraid [embraced ?]. Receive it as from me. I hope 
by this time you have ferious thoughts of returning, — I 
think it moft time. I expe6l on Capt Jones return to 
Boflon to hear from you your willingnefs & readinefs on 
his next to return with him. I think it would be pleafing 



Ride with Paul Revere. 33 

to you to have a gallant, perhaps your dear brother Wm. may 
be the parfon. On Capt. Jones next trip, — oh, what doe 
I fay ! Am I fo happy as to have children bleft with fuch 
oppertunity of enjoyment ! May you make a wife & profit- 
able improvement. Perhaps all this pleafing profpe6l may 
fail us, & we be numbered with the filent dead. Should 
this be the cafe, may we be fo happy afto meet our Judge 
in heaven, & fpend a Glorious Eternity in God's prefence, 
where is joy without alloy. I muft quit my pen, if not 
know not where to clofe. Adieu. Your loving father, 

Wm. Dawes. 
N. B. Prefent my love to Y family. 

From this account it will be feen that William Dawes, 
Jr., poffeffed in an eminent degree the chara6leriftics of his 
family, thofe New England traits which Gordon cautioufly 
defcribes as the " great nationality of the Bay men," and 
was in every way excellently fitted for the important enter- 
prife for which Warren felefted him. The ftory of his 
exploits is told by his daughter as follows : — 

Narrative of the Daughter of William Dawes, 

My father, William Dawes, the fon of William Dawes, 
was bom in Bofton, April 6, 1745. As he grew to man- 
hood, he (hared deeply in the patriotic enthufiafm which 
pervaded the country during the years preceding the Revo- 
lution, became a member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company, and took an a6live part in feveral of the 
exciting events which occurred in Bofton (hortly before the 

- beginning 

34 William Dawes and his 

beginning of the war. On one of thefe occafions, he was 
concerned with feveral of his friends in the removal of two 
fmall cannon (belonging I believe to one of the militia 
companies in Bofton) from the: building where they were 
ufually kept, and which had been taken poffeffion of by the 
BritiOi. and an EngliOi fentry placed to guard it Never- 
thelefs, the little party of patriots obtained entrance at the 
back of the building, and noifeleflly removed the guns, con- 
veying them quickly to a fchool-houfe immediately adjacent, 
where they were concealed in the wood-box which flood 
under the mailer's defk. Immediately on the difcovery of 
their lofs, the Englifh authorities made fearch for them ; 
and an officer vifited the fchool-houfe, which he fearched 
thoroughly, as he fancied, while the fecret was fecurely 
kept, not only by the mafler (who fat quietly at his defk 
with his feet refting as ufual on the wood-box), but by the 
boys alfo, many of whom knew where the miffing cannon 
might be found, and who, though clofely queflioned by the 
officer, fuccefsfully eluded his inquiries. During the opera- 
tion of removing thefe guns, however, my father accidentally 
received a painful injury, his fleeve-button getting imbedded 
in his wrift : for fome days he did not venture to feek fur- 
gical aid, left fufpicion fhould at once attach to him as hav- 
ing been concerned in that very affair; but the wound 
becoming very painful, he finally went by night to Dr. 
Warren, who queftioned him ftri(5lly as to the caufe of the 
accident, and, receiving no very definite reply, at once ex- 
preffed his own very corre6l fufpicions to his patient, affur- 
ing him alfo of his cordial fympathy in the undertaking. 
During the time that the Englifh troops held Bofton, my 


Ride with Paul Revere. 35 

father had frequent occafion to pafs to and from the town 
on vifits to the country, and thus became well known to 
feveral of the men who flood on guard at the gates. 

On the day preceding the battle of Lexington, he ac- 
cepted gladly the charge confided to him by Warren, which 
required him to leave Bofton by way of Roxbury, and 
haften to notify Hancock and Adams, then at Lexington, 
of the danger which immediately threatened them of cap- 
ture by the Britifli troops. The following is the account 
which I have always heard given of the manner in which 
he left the town. There was for fome reafon a movement of 
Englifh troops, a number of whom marched through the 
gate ; and my father, attending their motions apparently as 
a fpe6lator, was allowed by the connivance of the guard at 
the gate, who was privately friendly to him, to pafs out with 
them, after which he made the beft of his way to Lexington, 
where he met Mr. Revere, I think, on the Green, and dif- 
charged his fliare of the duty of giving warning to Hancock 
and Adams. He then fet out for Concord with his friend, 
but they fliortly met a party of Englifh foldiers and officers 
who attempted their capture ; and it was on this occafion, 
I think, that, becoming feparated from Mr. Revere, and 
hotly purfued by three or four men, my father galloped 
furioufly to a farm-houfe a little way from the road, and, as 
though confident of aid, called aloud to the inmates to afTifl 
him to capture the red-coats, who alarmed at once drew 
back, and my father, who had been thrown to the ground 
by the fuddennefs with which he had been forced to check 
his horfe, found on rifing that he was quite alone, the houfe 

being at the moment quite empty. 


36 William Dawes and his 

After the war fairly began, my father was with the 
American army as long as it remained near Bofton, and 
frequently did duty as bearer of defpatches, at times run- 
ning much rifk while thus employed ; but, when the fcene 
of hoftilities was removed to another part of the country, 
he was relu6lantly obliged to remain at home, on account 
of the extreme helpleffnefs of his family, confifting of his 
aged parents, two fifters, and his own young children, all of 
whom were immediately dependent upon him ; and, his 
health becoming gradually much impaired, he finally decided 
on leaving Bofton, and, having purchafed a farm in Marl- 
boro', he removed thither, and continued to refide there 
until his death, which took place after a long illnefs, on the 
25th of February, 1799. I was then lefs than three years 
old, and can but juft remember him. My knowledge of the 
events I have juft related was therefore derived almoft en- 
tirely from my mother, who many a time repeated to me 
thefe and other incidents of his life. 

(Signed) M. M. G. 

Brookline, June 8, 1875. 

Narrative of the Grand-daughter of William Dawes. 

My mother, Mrs. Newcomb, nee Hannah Dawes, was 
born in Bofton, Feb. 12, 1769. Her father, William Dawes, 
was born April 6, 1745, alfo in Bofton. The accounts 
of his conne6lion with Paul Revere, and their midnight 
ride on the eve of the Concord and Lexington fights, 
were among the earlieft hiftories of my childhood. My 
mother was a very clear-headed woman, retaining her 


Ride with Paul Revere. 37 

memory to an advanced age ; and her recolle6lions were not 
merely traditionary on this point. I remember with dif- 
tin6lnefs her very words as they were frequently repeated 
in long twilights and times of ficknefs : how fhe told of 
her father's intimate relations with Dr. Warren ; how, 
fome time previous to the a6lual outbreak of hoflilities, 
her father had been one of the party who removed and 
fecreted cannon and guns which were under guard of an 
Englifti fentinel, placing them in a fchool-houfe ; how 
my grandfather had a fleeve-button funk in his wrift in the 
operation ; how he did not dare to fliow the injured. wrift 
to any one but Dr. Warren ; how, finding him out when he 
called, he waited a day or two until the wound became very 
painful ; how Dr. Warren faid, " Dawes, how and when was 
this done?" how my grandfather was filent; how Dr. 
Warren faid, " You are right not to tell me. I had better 
not know ; " how clofe were his fubfequent confultations 
with Dr. Warren ; how it was arranged that he and Paul 
Revere fhould leave Bofton in different dire6lions to alarm 
the country, and warn Hancock and Adams of the move- 
ment of the troops ; how he left home on that afternoon 
without telling his wife where he was going ; and how the 
fignal lights were placed in the church fteeple. Then the 
details of the ride were fpecific. I do not remember ever 
hearing that he was made a prifoner; but I know he 
thought himfelf purfued by two horfemen who were follow- 
ing him, and rode rapidly up to a farm-houfe, flapping his 
leather breeches, and flopping fo fuddenly that his watch 
was thrown from his pocket, and fliouting " Halloo, my boys ! 
I've got two of 'em." His purfuers turned their horfes and 
rode off ; but he did not flop to pick up his watch, though 


38 Dawes s Ride with Revere. 

he found it there fome days afterwards in fafe keeping. It 
is a family tradition that when my mother danced a minuet 
with General Waftiington at his vifit to Bofton, he alluded 
to that ride of her father's with Paul Revere to her. My 
grandfather lived in Ann Street, at the period of the Revo- 
lution. During the fiege of Bofton, the family filver and 
other valuables were buried in an old ciftern, and fuftained 
no injury. He removed his family to Worcefter, Mafs., 
where he made weekly vifits. On thefe vifits he wore his 
coats covered with cloth buttons, though brafs and gilt buttons 
were in common ufe. Every Saturday his lifter, Mrs. Lucas, 
would cover his gold pieces with cloth and few them on, 
while as regularly in Worcefter his wife would remove the 
coins, and put button-moulds in their place. In this way 
he eluded fearch, and fecreted neceffary money for the fup- 
port of his family. On thefe journeys he difguifed himfelf 
in different ways, ufually as a countryman felling produce, 
and on one occafion was kept all day in furveillance trying 
to "pafs the lines," which he fucceeded in doing by feigning 
drunkennefs, and following the officers on guard wherever 
they went, even paffing his father's houfe, from the windows 
of which a young fifter recognized him, and annoyed him 
very much by her loud cries of " Brother Billy." This 
young fifter was Mrs. Hammond, mother of Mrs. John G. 
Palfrey; and I have a diftindl recolle6lion of hearing her 
and my mother compare their childifti memories of the 
events. My grandfather's firft wife was half-fifter to Deacon 
Samuel May, who died at an advanced age fome few years 
fince in HoUis Street. 

(Signed) H. N. H. 

Cambridge, June 17, 1875. 






^ Thai is best blood that haih most iron in H 
To edge resolve with^ pouring without stint 
For what makes manhood dear^ 

I. William Dawes of England, 

s. of William, b, 1620. = Susanna, dau. John Mills. 

II. Ambrose Dawes of Boflon, b. 1642. = Mary, dau. Thomas 


III. Thomas Dawes, b, 1680. = Sarah Story. 

I ' 

IV. William Dawes, b. 1719. = Lydia, dau. Nicholas Boone. 

V. William Dawes, b, 1745. 


|T is known that William Dawes, whom I have 
treated as the head of the American family, 
came over in 1635. His father, however, Wil- 
liam Dawes, had come to New England earlier, 
with the firfl body of Puritans who came over 
in 1628-29 ^^^ founded Bofton and Salem, but he does not 
feem to have remained long. He is £aid to have been ac- 
companied by his wife, and to have had a fon born on the 
voyage and named Ambrofe after the vefTel, but nothing 
further is known of him or his wife or this fon. 

An Englifh family, believed to be from the fame flock, 
fettled at Putney. Abraham Dawes, the firft of this branch 
of whom I have any information, was one of the richeft 
commoners of England. He fuffered in eftate under 
Cromwell, but helped to fupport the royal family during 
exile. After the return of Charles H, (June iff, 1663), he 
was made a baronet, and the title defcended through 
Thomas, John, Robert, William (Bifhop of Chefter, Arch- 
bifiiop of York, and finally Archbifhop of Canterbury), and 
« D'Arcy, 

42 Dawes Genealogy. 

D'Arcy, to William, the laft of the line, on whofe death s. p. 
the baronetcy became extindl, 28 May, 1741. Their coat 
of arms is argent on a band azure, cottifed gules, three 
fwans, or, between fix pole-axes : ^ and thefe arms have al- 
ways been claimed by the American houfe. They are 
fhown on the title-page. 

HHilliam ©atoes^ (s. of William above), bom in Sud- 
bury, Suffolk Co., England, 1620;^ came to New England 
in the "Planter," vj. April, 1635. He was a mafon by 
trade, and firft fettled in Braintree, where he married Su- 
fanna, daughter of John and Sufanna Mills of that place,^ 
about 1641 ; and there his eldeft fon Ambros was bom. 
About 1652, they moved to Bofton, where they afterwards 
lived. He bought an eflate on the eaft fide of Sudbury 
Street, then known as the lane from Prifon Lane to the 
Mill Pond, at the end towards the pond and adjoining land 
of James Barnes. Part of it he afterwards fold to James 
Savage, or rather to Savage's father-in-law, Scottow, for him, 
and part to his fon Ambros. The manfion houfe remained 
in the poffeflion of the family for five generations. It was 
at one time known as the Parrot, and was pulled down by 
the Britifti during their occupation of Bofton in 1775. Wil- 

•* De Brett's Extin6l Baronetcies. and came over in the fleet with Win- 

•* The Englifh Cuftom Houfe Reg- throp; and he and his wife were 

ifter gives Dawes's age as 15 in 1635, and among the firft members of the ift 

this agrees with his own ftatements un- Church. They moved to Braintree in 

der oath in 1683 and in 16^2 (cf. Suffolk 1641. In his will, he charges his only 

Reg. of Deeds, 1. 12, f. 364, and 1. 15, f. fon, John, to bring up one of his fons 

208) ; and I have therefore followed it to learning, that he may be fit for the 

in preference to the record of his death, miniftry, which was, he fays, " the em- 

which gives his age as 86 in 1703. ployment of my predeceflbrs to the 

•• John Mills was born in England, third if not fourth generation." 

Dawes Genealogy. 43 

Ham conveyed it to his fon Jonathan, June 8th, 1687, fubje6l 
to the life occupance of part by himfelf and his wife ; but 
on or before Jonathan's death, foon after, his rights were for- 
feited, and on Jan. ift, 1694, William conveyed the eftate 
on fimilar conditions to Stephen Minott for ;^i6o, but this 
conveyance alfo feems to have been refcinded. Befides 
this, William owned two tenements on the lane from the 
Watermill to Winnefimmett Ferry, adjoining the eftates of 
Wakefield and John Clarke, which he conveyed partly 
fumiftied to John Nicholls (probably his fon-in-law), on 
Dec. 25th, 1679, for ;^3io. William was admitted free- 
man on May 6th, 1646. On the 28th of Jan., 1656, he 
received £}> ^o^ work on Fort Hill. He and his wife were 
members of the Firft Church ; but, when that church joined 
the opponents of the Synod of 1662, they both fcceded, 
and appear amongft the founders of the Third Church or 
Old South, in 1669. It will be remembered that this was 
not a mere fectarian fchifm, but an important political move- 
ment The obje6l of Dawes and the Synodifls was the 
extenlion of church memberfhip, with the accompanying 
right to vote and to hold office, to all who had been bap- 
tized; while the more rigid Puritans wiflied to confine it 
to communicants who had experienced regeneration. The 
political rights of a confiderable part of the community 
were at ftake. Governor Bellingham of the Firft Church 
called together a council of the colony, and foon after the 
Houfe of Deputies "efpoufed the caufe of the Firft Church." 
"The ele6lion for the next General Court turned chiefly 
throughout the colony upon the queftion of old church and 
new church," and refulted favorably to Dawes and his aflb- 


44 Dawes Genealogy. 

ciates. But it was not until 1674 that the twenty-three 
feminine feceders, including Mrs. Dawes, whofe covenants 
had been declared forfeited by the old church, were ad- 
mitted to the new (the Old South Church) by advice of a 
council. William Dawes died in a ripe old age, 24 March, 

"H'hadiirue:- ^Ce..H.V^^H 

(i) Ambros, b. 24 July, 1642, below, p. 45. 

(2) William, b. 8 March, 1655 > prob. d. young. 

(3) Hannah, b. 7 Jan., 1659 ; d. Jan. 14.* 

(4) Jonathan, b. 3 Nov., 1661, bricklayer and houfeholder, m. 

Hannah, dau. John and Elizabeth Morfe. Hannah could 
write. She joined the Old South Church, 29 Jan., 1688. Jona- 
than d. 5 Od., 1690, leaving fome debts, including £^0 to 
his father, and property amounting to ;f 226. His wife was 
appointed his adminiftratrix. Their iflue were : — 

(a) Hannahy bapt. 13 Jan., 1683 ; prob. d. young. 

(b) Hannah^ bapt 9 Aug., 1685 ; prob. d. young. 

(c) Jonathan (name alfo given Joanna), b. 21 April, 1687, 

bapt. April 24 ; prob. d. young. 

(d) Hannah, bapt. 19 May, 1689. 

(e) yonathan, b. 1 1 Jan., 1691, (hipjoiner, feems to have fettled 

in Eaft Bridgewater, and bought a farm in 17 14 ; m. Lois 

who j'd the chh. there in 1741. They had iflue : 

^ Margaret, m. Andrew Bearfe of Halifax, 1736 ; ' Mary, 
j'd the chh. 1742 ; and * Jabez. 

(s) There feems to have been another dau. who m. John Nicholls, 
as Ambros fpeaks of him in his will as *' my brother." 


" Several other families of the name ■• One of the records wrongly gives 

of Dawes (at lead five) appear in the her father^s name as John. Some 

records of the colony before 1700; and, genealogifts erroneoufly mention a s. 

as emigration ufually took place in fam- of William called Robert, referring 

ilies, it is moft probable that they were probably to Robert s. of John* for 

all related to William, but I have not whom fee App. 
been able to trace the relationfliip. 
See App., for an account of them. 

Dawes Genealogy. 45 

Smlrrog ©afees^ (William^), b. 24 July, 1642, in Brain- 
tree (5th month according to the town records, fometimes 
erroneoufly given as June). He alfo was a mafon and 
builder by trade ; and early came to Bofton, probably with 
his father, and became a member of the Third Church, 
Sept. 7th, 1670, and a freeman in 1671. In 1674, he joined 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, and foon at- 
tained the rank of lieutenant. In 1675, he was one of the 
threefcore or more petitioners for precautions againft the 
Indians, who were then threatening the colony ; and, when 
the war againft Philip broke out, he joined the colonial force, 
ferving during the winter of 1675, as appears by the follow- 
ing petition : — 

^^To y honoured Cauncill nowjitting in Bofton^ this 14'* Apriii, Anno 1676. 

"The humble petition of William Daws and Ambrofe Daws flieweth, 
whereas that the faid Wm. Daws hath had a man impreflfed to y« fer- 
vice ever fince Augufl laft, and doth yet continue out by a man which 
he hired, yet Jofeph Bicknell, in whofe roome y« man is, he returning 
home went out again a volunteere under Capt. Reynolds, and now is un- 
der y« command of Cap°« Sill, and fo y« faid Daws hath two fervants out 
at this time ; now y« faid Wm. Daws doth delire that y« faid Bicknell, 
which went out volunteere, might be difmifled & returne home. 

" And y« faid Ambrofe Daws fent another man out volunteere, & now 
under y« command of Capt°« Sill, the faid Ambrofe Daws having ben out 
him-felfe mofl part of y winter, he having great occaiion for him doth 
defire yt he might have an order for his releafe and returne home. Your 
poor petitionr's defire being granted will much oblige them for ever to 
pray for your Honours profperity & ever reft. William Daws. 

Ambros Dawes." 

Probably Dawes and the three bound fervants were in 
the party that furprifed the Indians at Quechecho, on the 


46 Dawes Genealogy. 

6th of Sept^ 1676; and they moft likely took part, too, in 
the later expedition of the fame force to Cafco Bay and 
Oflfipy. As there was nothing ftirring at the time of the 
petition, Dawes naturally wanted his men at home. Sixty 
years later, his fervices were rewarded ; and his fon Thomas 
received lands allotted for them under the A61 of the 1 8th 
of April, 1735. 

His courageous difpofition probably kept him pretty con- 
ftantly in the field at that dangerous time ; but the fcanty rec- 
ords only fpeak of him two or three times. Niles tells us^ 
how, in 1689, "while the [colonial] forces were bufily em- 
ployed in fettling garrifons in the eaft, a great number of 
the enemy fell upon Cafco, and they firft killed Captain 
Bracket. But Captain Hall, who had been a valiant com- 
mander in the former as well as in this war, with courageous 
Lieutenant Dawes, coming with his company at that inftant, 
engaged the Indians ; upon which enfued a very fharp con- 
flidl, which lafted feveral hours. But at lafl; the Indians, 
not able any longer to ftand the encounter, ran oflf and left 
the field," &c. 

In 1692, Dawes was wounded at Fort Pemaquid in Maine. 
It will be remembered that the old fort, the moft northern 
of the Englifli fettlements, had been deftroyed by the In- 
dians at the inftigation of the French in 1689; and that, 
immediately upon Governor Phipps's arrival here (1692), he 
rebuilt it more fubftantially. Ambros Dawes was one of 
the four hundred and fifty men who went out with the gov- 
ernor and Colonel Church, in Auguft of that year ; and he 
ferved not only as a foldier, but as mafon in building the 


• 2 Hift. Coll. vi. p. 210. 

Dawes Genealogy. 47 

new fort, which was of ftone. For this purpofe, he remained 
with the two companies left at the fort under Captain March, 
and received a wound, deftroying one eye, no doubt in fome 
flight adlion with the Indians, which caufed his return to 
Bofton at the end of the year ; and he was not prefent at 
the final cowardly furrender of the fort to the French, in 
1696, by Captain Chubb. 

The following quaint petition — I think in his own hand 
— and the confequent order, fliow that his fervices and fuf- 
ferings were not unrecognized by the colony : — 

To his Exdencie the Governor^ Counjeli, and Repr€f\mtatives\ conveatCd 

in Generall Affemblie^ 15'* Febucu^ 1693-4. 

The Petition of Ambrofe Dawes 

Humblie fheweth that, wheareas yo'r petitioner was imploid in theare 
mageflies farvis at Pemiqitt in the yeare 1692, for the fpace of five months, 
wheare he did nott only attend as a foldier and as a workeman implid by 
Exelenfie, and in faid farvis loft one of his eyes, belide the greate miferie 
and paine he underwent thearby, [and] he hath beene made unncapble of 
dooing labor fix months or feven, and alfoe more unable to gitt a livelie- 
hood then formerly, together w*^ the expenfis of the chirurgion for the 
faving the light of itt The premilis being conlidered, your poore farvent 
humblie requefts your honers to allowe him oute of the trefliury fo much, 
aither annewally or together, as your hon'rs fhall in preudence thinke 
beft ; hoping you will not doe otherwife with your farvent than in fuch 
calls of los of lims hath beene dun with others [fo that] the redines of 
your farvent, wch he hath alwais Ihewen for to attend their mageftie farvis 
at your comand, may be Hill incoridg, whoe for your hours Ihall think it 
an honer to doe any firther farvis wch he is capable to doe. 

And fhall Hill praye for your Honers profperitt as in deutie bound. 


48 - Dawes Genealogy. 

Far Anfwer to the Petition of Ambros Dawes : 

Voted^ That he be allowed ten pounds out of the Publick Treafury, in 
confideration of damage fuftained in their Ma'ties fervice by the lofs of 
one of his eyes, and that he come not for any further fadsfaction. 

June 18, 1694. Pail in the affirmative by the Houfe of Reprefentatives, 
& fent up to his Excy & for confent Nehemiah Jewett, Speaker. 

Pall in council 19 June, 1674. Js^ Addington, Secry. 

He appears as a houfeholder in the tax-lift of 1681. 
In 1686, he was appointed "tythinge man;" and in 1687 
he bought a horfe, which later he replaced by a cow, paf- 
tured, I prefume, on the common. After the great fire of 
1696, his name appears among the petitioners for an amend- 
ment of the aa regulating the ufe of brick in building. His 
own houfe was next to his father's on Sudbury Street. On 
Aug. 1 6th, 1685, he mortgaged this eftate to James Barnes 
and James Hawkins for ;^43, and on Feb. 21ft, 1704, con- 
veyed part of it to his fon Thomas. The mortgage was 
then difcharged, and a new one made for £n to Sufanna 
Jacobs, which was not paid for fifteen years. Ambros mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Thomas and Sufannah Bumftead, 
who came over in 1640.^ She could write, was baptized 
April 24th, 1642, and died May 22nd, 1706, aet. fixty-four, 
as appears by the family tomb in King's Chapel Burying- 

Writing either of her or one of her fifters, Winthrop fays : 
"A private matter or two fell out about this time [1644], 
the power and mercy of the Lord did appear in them in an 


^ Thomas Bumftead, freeman 1640, of it has remained in the family ever 

d. 22 June, 1677; Sufanna, d. 12 July, fince, and was the refidence of Major 

1688. His eflate was oppofite the Thomas Bumdead, Ar. Co. 1764. The 

burial-ground ; and a valuable portion Mafonic Temple Hands on his land. 


Dawes Genealogy. 49 

extraordinary manner. A child of one Bumftead, a mem- 
ber of the church [the Old South Church], fell from a gal- 
lery in the meeting-houfe, and broke the arm and fhoulder, 
and was alfo committed to the Lord in the prayers of the 
church, with earnefl defires that the place where his people 
affembled to his worftiip might not be defiled with blood, 
and it pleafed the Lord alfo that this child was foon per- 
fedlly recovered." Ambros and Mary joined the other 
Bumftead heirs in conveying the Bumftead eftate to Alex- 
ander Sherrer. Ambros died Nov. gth, 1705, as appears by 
the tombftone. 

The following is a copy of the will and inventory : — 

"In the Name of God, Amen. Made this 17*** day of Odtober, 1705, 
I, Ambrofe Dawes of Bofton, mafon, being very often lick and ill in body, 
but of good & perfect memory, thanks be given to Almighty God, and 
calling to remembrance the uncertain eftate of this tranfitory life, and 
that all flefh muft yield unto death when it fhall pleafe God to call: 
Therefore I do make, conftitute, ordain, and declare this my laft Will 
and Teftamt in manner and form following, revoking and annulling by 
thefe prefents all and every Teftament and Teftaments, Will and Wills, 
by me heretofore made and declared either by word or writeing, and this 
to be taken onely for my laft Will and Teftament, and none other. 

" Firft being penitent and very forry from the bottom of my heart for my 
fins paft, moft humbly deliring forgivenefs for the fame, I give and commit 
my foul unto Almighty God my Savio', in whom and by the merits of Jefus 
Chrift I truft & believe afluredly to be faved and to have full remiflion and 
forgivenefs of all my fins, and that my foul w*.^ my body at the general day 
of Refurredtion Ihall rife again with joy, and through the merits of Chrift's 
death & paftion to enjoy, to poflefs, and inherit the kingdom of heaven 
prepared for his ele6t and chofen ; and my Body to be buryed in fuch 
place where it Ihall pleafe my exec^ hereafter named to appoint. 

"And now for the fettling of my temporal eftate, and fuch goods, 
chattels, & debts as it hath pleafed God far above my defarts to beftow 

7 upon 

50 Dawes Genealogy. 

upon me, I do order, give, & difpofe the fame in manner and form fol- 
lowing : That is to fay I will that all the debts and dutys as I owe in 
right or confcience to any manner of perfon or perfons whatfoever fhall 
be well and tniely contented, and paid or ordered to be paid, within con- 
venient time after my deceafe, by my exec^ hereafter named. Item : I 
give and bequeath unto my dear and well beloved wife Mary Dawes all 
my whole eflate during her natural life, and after her deceafe : Item, 
give and bequeath my whole moveables to be equally divided between 
my four children, viz*. : Ambrofe, my eldefl fon, w* Thomas Dawes his 
brother, with Mary Webfler & Rebecca Moulten their lifters. And, after 
the defeafe of my wife. Imp** I give and bequeath unto my fon Thomas 
my houfe and land, with all the priviledges and appurces thereunto be- 
longing, he paying unto his brother Ambrofe eight pounds in money or 
goods, to be paid unto him within three years time. Item : I give and 
bequeath unto my daughter Mary Webfter eight pounds, to be paid by 
him likewife in three years time in money or goods. Likewife I give and 
bequeath unto Rebecca Moulten fourteen pounds, to be paid by him in 
three years time in money or goods as above. And do alfo make my 
well beloved wife Mary my onely and abfolute exec* of all my whole and 
fole eftate, be it more or lefs. And I do likewife make choice of and ap- 
point Mr. John Marion, deacon, w*^ my brother Mr. John Nicholls, to be 
my only and abfolute exec^ to fee this my will performed, as is above by 
me expref 't. 


Signed, fealed, and delivered in the prefence of us, John Allen, Elisha Story, 
John Allyen. 

Ezamd pr P. Dudley, I^e^r " 

An inventory of the ejlate of Ambrofe Dawes, late of Bof 
ton deced, taken by the fubfcribers Feb^ 7'*, 1705. 

Imp" One feather bed, bolfter, 2 pillows, one rugg, 2 blank**, ^ £ s, d. 
two p' of Iheets, 2 p' of pillowbeers, curtains, vallains, & > 

bedftead well wome ) 6 


^ Here and in feme other places the fac-fimile of the fignature is inferted 
with a document from which it was not copied. 

Dawes Genealogy. 51 

One fmall flock bed, 2 pillows, 2 p' fheets, one bolder, one p') - jq 

pillowbers, one rugg, 2 blanketts ) 

Brafs : two kettles, 3 fkillats, old 25 

Iron : two potts, 2 p' pothooks, i p' andirons, i p' doggs, 2 tram^", \ 

tongues, & Are fhovel, i chafing dilh, i fork, i jack, i spit, > 2 

one Fender ) 

Pewter : 58 lbs., 58J. ; earthenware, is 219 

2 tubs, 3 joynt Stools 12 

8 chairs, 8x. ; two cupboards, 20^. 18 

I cheft of drawers, i wenfcoat chefl 12 

I warming pan, i frying pan 5 

One looking glafs and brafs candleflick and callender ... 6 

One gun, baggonet, & carduce box, 20s i 

I iron morter, is, 6d, ; books, 20^ 116 

I table cloth, Ave napkins, 2 cupboard cloths i 

Apparrel, linning & wooling & leather 310 

Tools, lOJ. ; one cow, 3 lbs 3 10 

Lumber, 5X. ; houfeing and lands, £60 60 5 

90 3 6 
Due from ye eftate, ab* ;f 30. Due to ye eftate, £() 1 js, 

John Marion, John Nicholls. 

Suffolk fs. Mary Dawes exec ?. prefented the above written, & made oath 
that it contains a juft and true inventory of the eftate of her hufband, 
Ambrofe Dawes, late of Bofton dec'ed, fo far as hath come to her knowl- 
edge, & that if more hereafter appears Ihe will caufe it to be added. 

Bofton, Feby 27^, 1705, Jurat Cot. J. S. Addington, y. Probate, 

Examin^ pr P. Dudley, Reg^, 

This inventory, with another at his wife Mary's death 
a year later, and the inventory of his brother Jonathan's 
effe6ls fifteen years before, give an interefling pidure of 
the ufual houfehold goods of the well-to-do New England 
yeoman of a couple of hundred years ago. His children 
had married and left him ; and their beds and fo forth had 


52 Dawes Genealogy. 

been given them, I prefume, as wedding gifts. His appren- 
tice lived with him probably, and ufed the " flock bed " men- 
tioned. Ambros and his wife feem to have furniftied but 
two or three rooms, — the kitchen, with its large open fire, 
and a bedroom or two opening out of it and warmed from 
it. There were no papers on the walls, no carpets on the 
floors, and no curtains except on the beds ; but Mary bought 
" a fuit of printed curtains " foon after the death of her huf- 
band, for thirty-five fliillings. They had no clock or lan- 
tern ; and, what may be thought more remarkable, no fettle, 
and no fpinning-wheel ; and Mr. Dawes did not wear either 
wig or fword. The bedroom had a large bed well curtained 
and equipped, and duly warmed with the warming-pan foon 
after dark, a large cheft, fome chairs, and a cheft of drawers 
or fecretary covered with leather, and a looking-glafs ; and 
the ufual long, high flielf and pegs, no doubt for their " ap- 
parrel, linning, wooling, & leather," but there was no wafli- 
ing apparatus or other conveniences. 

The main room had its one great chimney, filling nearly 
all of one fide, with a fender around the fire, over which, at 
the proper time of day, fwung the loaded fpit and full din- 
ner-pot. When it went out, he went to a neighbor for a 
live coal. A fet of flielves near by held the liberal fupply 
of pewter-plates, porringers, pint-pots, fpoons, and fo forth, 
nearly fixty pounds in weight altogether. The gun and 
bayonet were ready for ufe on their pegs ; and near by was 
a flielf of a dozen or two Godly books ; and there was one 
brafs candleftick. The furniture confifted of chairs, prob- 
ably flag-feated ; two cupboards, each containing a drawer 
or two, and covered with a white cloth ; and two tables, — 


Dawes Genealogy. 53 

one " foulding," and the other a " little old kitchen table " 
(thefe tables, omitted probably by accident, appear in the 
next inventory) ; and this was all. A clofet or back room 
held the tubs, pots, and two half-barrels ; and there was an- 
other room with the apprentice's bed and fome ftools, and 
perhaps Ambros' tools. Ambros ufed no forks or fpoons 
except for cooking, and no table-cloth or napkins except on 
great occafions; and there was fcarcely any earthen-ware 
in the houfe, a couple of diihes or cups or fo at moft, and 
no bafket. The towel and broom were probably home- 
made and without any money value. Mrs. Dawes feems to 
have thought this fufficicnt, as Ihe added nothing more 
except a few cooking implements during the next year. 

Ambros' brother Jonathan, already alluded to, had a larger 
houfehold, and feems to have lived in a little more ftyle ; for 
he had fix " Turky work chaires " in his beft room, and nine 
cheap prints, of Scriptural fubje6ls no doubt, in frames on 
his walls ; and he owned one filver fpoon. But otherwife 
his houfe was furnifhed in juft about the fame way ; and 
evidently life was very fimple. 

Ambros had iffue : — 

(i) Ambrose, prob. d. young. 

(2) Mary, b. 24 Sept., 1664; m. Webfler. 

(3) Rebecca, t. 25 Feb., 1666 ; m. Moulten. 

(4) Susanna, b. 19 March, 1668 ; d. young. 

(5) William, b. 19 Dec, 167 1, bapt. 24 Dec; prob. d. s. p. before 


(6) Susannah, b. ii Jan., 1673, bapt. fame day ; prob. d. s. p. be- 

fore 1705. 

(7) Ambrose, bapt. 5 March, 1675 ; alive, but not in Bofton at his 

f.'s d. He m. firfl in Boflon Mehitable Gardner of Nan- 

54 Dawes Genealogy. 

tucket, 14 Aug. 1704 (from whom may have fprung Samuel, 
defcribed in App.) ; afterw. he moved to Duxbury, and bought 
a fmall farm in 1722, having m. Mary Chandler, 8 July, 17 14, 
who d. I Feb., 1768, aet 89. He d. 1724, and Mary was ap- 
pointed adminiflratrix. He had iffue by Mehitable : — 

(a) Prifcilla^ b. 13 Sept., 1712 ; d. s. p. 
And by Mary he had : — 

(b) Ebenezer^ b. 16 Sept, 17 15, blackfmith ; m. Mary Goflien, 

and had iffue : — 

^ Ambro/e, b. 2 1 July, 1740 ; m. Deborah Phillips. Iffue : 

Nancy, b. 22 April, 1764 ; Huldah, b. 18 Jan., 1766 ; 

jRizpah, b. 23 June, 1767 ; Reuely b. 22 April, 1769, 

went to Maine. 
^Didama, b. 30 Odl., 1741. Iffue: y antes Carter, b. 

1768. She m. Nathan Brewfter, 13 06t., 1784, s. p. 

• Gideon, b. 7 Feb., 1743 ; m. Sarah Phillips, 26 Dec, 

1771 j d. in camp at Roxbury, 26 March, 1776. 

Iffue : Bethany, Sally, Lucy, Gideon. 
^Reuel, b. 1744 ; d. at fea, 18 Nov., 1767. 
* Thomcts, m. Rebecca Phillips, 31 July, 1771. Iffue: 

Su/annah ; and Reuel, who m. Sarah Hafkell, and d. 

infolv., Dec, 181 1, leaving two ch. 

• Jofeph, m. Lydia Cuftiing, 3 Jan., 1775 • ^^"®> Cujhing 

and Lydia; and m. Abigail Duyer, 23 March, 1790: 
iffue, Bela. 
' Lydia, d. aged 90 ; m. Ifaac Walker, of Pembr., one dau, 
^Ebenezer, b. 1750, blackfmith ; m. Prifcilla Baffett; d. 
at Kingffon, 2 May, 1822, and his wife d. 13 Dec, 
1838, aged 86 : Iffue : — 
a Mofes, d. young. 

^Defiah, m. Jon. Glafs, gr. s. of Jas., with iffue. 
^Lovice, m. Seth Delano, and, 2d, Ephr. Bradford, 

with iffue; d. set. 81. 
^Huldah, m. Elijah Ranfom, with iffue ; d. aged 81. 
^Hannah, b. May, 1785; m. Nath. Vaughan, and, 
2d, Zeph. Lothrop, with iffue. 

* Abraham, 

Dawes Genealogy. 55 

^Abrahaniy b. July, 1787 ; d. April, 1868 ; m. Deborah 
Darling, 7 June, 1808. Iffue: — 

Allen D,y fea-captain, b. 3 Aug., 1812 ; m. Lydia 
Bates, d. 3 June, 1859. Iffue : Emeline Allen, 
b. 14 July, 1837, ^' Jo^^ Hopkins, and has 
two ch., Eliza Carver, b. 14 June, 1840, 
m. Warren Edgar Locke, one child ; Albert 
Arthur, b. 4 Dec, 1843, "^« Ella Brown King- 
fley, 3 June, 1867, s. p» 
Harriet C, b. 11 Aug., 1816 ; m. Captain Ed- 
mund Freeman Simmonds, and had eight ch. 
yo/ephus, b. 7 April, 1820, fea-captain ; m. Sally 
Freeman, Odl. 25, 1842. Iffue : Eunice Free- 
man, b. 22 July, 1848, m. Henry Charles 
Turner, s. p. ; Waif red Clarence, b. 15 Aug., 
1849 y Frank Herbert, b. 5 March, 1854. 
yames Harvey^ fea-captain, b. 25 July, 1826; 
m. Abby D. Chandler, of Barre, Vt., 15 Dec.> 
1848. Iffue : John C, b. 20 June, 1850 ; a fon 
Sceva, b. 7 Feb., 1852, d. 7 June, 1855 ; Flora 
L., b. 5 March, 1854, m. George D. Bartlett, 
of Kingfton, 17 April, 1873, and had two 
children. Abby d. 31 Dec, 1855, aged 26 
years ; and James m. (2d) Lydia J. Bradford, 
of Duxbury, 25 June, 1857. Further iffue : 
Abby James, b. 16 Jan., 1859, d. 25 Aug., 
1859 ; Laura May, b. 20 May, 1866. 
^ Wealthy y d. aged about 77, unm. 
h Lydia, m. Ebenes. Thomas, d. s. p. 

(c) Thankfully b. 16 Sept., 17 15, twin with Ebenezer, above; 
m. James Glafs, huf bandman, gr. f. of Jon. above. 

(d) Gideon, b. 26 Sept, 1718, tanner. 

(8) Joseph, b. 21 Odt., 1677, bapt 061. 31 ; prob. d. s. p. bef. 1705. 

(9) Thomas, b. i Nov., 1680. See below. 

5Ci|0maS ©atoW^ (Ambros,^ William'), born i Nov., 
1680; baptized 7 November; by trade a mafon and 

builder ; 

5 6 Dawes Genealogy. 

builder; joined Old South Church i8 April, 1705; ap- 
pointed conftable 1718; member of the militia; died 17 
March, 1750, of apoplexy. He left a will dated 2 Feb., 
1 746, giving a life-eftate in all his property to his wife, or, 
if fhe married again, one-third outright, remainder to his 
eight children equally, with fome bequefts to the poor. He 
left the manfion on Sudbury Street, three houfes near by 
on Hawkins Street (built, I think, for his children); a pew 
in the Old South Church, and a tomb in King's Chapel 
Burying-Ground ; two negro flaves (one a man, valued at 
;^53 icxr. ; and one a woman, valued at £/^ ; and a cow, and 
other property. He feems from the inventory to have lived 
in about the fame way as his father Ambros, but he had 
fome " Delph " crockery, and tin-ware, and filver. His 
real eftate was valued at ;^6i3, and the furniture at £l/^^ 
los. gd. His fon Story took the manfion houfe. His 
daughter Elizabeth Loring took one of the Hawkins Street 
houfes, adjoining land of Ephraim Copeland and John S. 
Copley, the painter. The two other houfes on Hawkins 
Street, William Homes took, the hulband of Rebecca ; and 
he alfo bought fome land in Merrimack and Bedford, N.H., 
of the other heirs. 

^yicp^/La^ ^oifH^ 

Thomas married Sarah Story, 20 Aug., 1702. She 
came over from England, about 1700, with her brother 
Elifha (anceftor of Judge Story). She joined the Old South 
Church, 31 0(5l., 1703; and died nine years after her huf- 
band, in 1759. By her, he had fifteen children, five of 


,:.a. ■. hi '■ ;:; \; 

V. Benjamin Goldthwait. 

Dawes Genealogy. 57 

whom — Story, William, Rebecca, Abigail, and Elizabeth 
— furvived him. Seven were buried in King's Chapel 
Burying-Ground. His iffue were : — 

(i) William, b. 4 Dec, 1703, bapt. Dec. 5 ; d. young. 

(2) Thomas, b. 19 July, 1705, bapt. July 22 ; d. young. 

(3) Thomas, b. 25 Jan., 1706. See below, p. 59. 

(4) Ambrose, b. 30 Sept., 1708. 

(5) Mary, b. 10 Dec, 1709 ; j'd Third Chh. 16 April, 1727 ; m. 

William Moor 28 March, 1728, and had a s. William. 

(6) Sarah, b. 24 July, 171 1; j'd Third Chh. 1727; m. Samuel 

HafTom, 24 06t., 1728. Ifliie: ^Samuel, b. 15 May, 1729; 
^ Sarah, b. 15 July, 1731, m. prob. Samuel Harris. About 

1738, Sarah (6) m. again, Burgher. Ifliie : ^Sarahy 

who about 1757 m. George Moody, afterward of Portfmouth, 
N.H., d. before 1759, ifl'ue George and Sarah. 

(7) Story, b. 9. Od., 1712, by trade a houfewright ; m. Sarah Paine, 

31 July, 1735. Her father d. foon after, leaving 400 acres of 
land in Stoughton, and her fhare amounted to nearly £2^00. 
Story j*d the Weft Chh., under Mr. Hooper, and d. 1769, leav- 
ing a will, dated 24 March in that year, appointing Sarah his 
ex'x., and giving her the ufe of every thing during her life, 
with power to fell the real eftate if (he thought it neceflary 
for her fupport. After her d., the eftate was to go equally to his 
five children, with the provifo that, if his fon William ihould 
claim more, he fhould be cut off with 51. The perfonal eftate 
was appraifed at ;£'3i4 4?. 8//. The family manfion houfe, on 
Sudbury Street, having been burnt by the Eritifh during the 
liege of Bofton, the heirs united in felling the eftate 27 Dec, 
1780, to James Ivers. It had previoufly been mortgaged by 
Story, firft to his brother, and afterward to Thomas Atkins. 
His iflue were : — 

(a) Sarah, b. 14 March, 1736, bapt. March 28 ; m. Benjamin 
Goldthwait, 9 Aug., 1759. Iflue : ^Benjamin, b. 10 May, 
1770, d. II Dec, 1796, whofe portrait is copied, m. Han- 
nah Dawes, his fecond couiin, (dau. of William, below), 

g and 

58 Dawes Genealogy. 

and had one ch., d. young ; * Sarah^ m. Dr. Abdy, and 
afterward Dr. Adams, of Keene, N.H., and had iflue ; 
• Su/anna, m. James Lanman, baker, of Bofton, deacon 
Third Chh., who had previoufly m. her aunt, and had 

(b) ThomaSy prob. d. before his father, unm. "^^a— ©^^a^^AXi, cL»cf J^ 

(c) William, b. i6 May, 1738, p^»b. m. Olive K , and gfi ilj^^ 

had iflue: ^ William Story , b. 18 Jan., 1764; afterward t 

m. Mary , and had iflue ; ^Elizabeth, b. 18 Aug., 

1773, m. Theodore French, 2 July, 1794; ^Jfrael I^t- 
nam, b. 17 May, 1777, m. Mary Green, 5 May, 1805 ; 
^ Isaac Ambrojfe, b. 3 June, 1779. 

(d) Hannah, d. s. p. i June, 1780. "Died early laft Thurfday 

morning, after a few days* illnefs, to the great grief of 
all that knew her. Miss Hannah Dawes (fecond daugh- 
ter to the late Mr. Story Dawes, of this town), on whom 
from her childhood centred every good quality that 
could render her agreeable either as a child, After, or 
friend." — Bofton Gazette, June 5. 

(e) Sufanna, m. James Lanman, above referred to, no ifliie. 

(f) Mary, m. Samuel Lawrence, 23 June, 1768, no iflTue flir- 


(g) Elizabeth, bapt. 27 Sept., 1747 ; d. young. 

(8) William, b. 15 Jan., 1714; prob. d. young. 

(9) Susannah, b. 14 Aug., 17 15. 

(10) Hannah, b. 19 Dec, 1716 ; d. young. 

(11) Rebecca, b. 9 March, 17 18, bapt. March 23 ; j'd Third Chh. 

8 Feb., 1735 ; d. 1788; m. 24 Apr. 1740, William Homes, b. 

9 March, 1717, d. 1783, called the "honeft filverfmith," a 
lieut, reprefentative and councillor, s. of Capt. Robert Homes, 
of Eng., and Mary, After of Benjamin Franklin, b. 26 Sept., 
1694; d. 1730, abt. William and Rebecca were eminently 
religious members of the Old South Chh., and had fifteen ch. 
See " Glover Memorial." 

(12) William, b. 2 0<5l., 17 19, below, p. 72. 

(13) Abigail, b. 14 Jan., 1721, bapt. Jan. 15; j*d Third Chh. 

8 Feb., 



■■■... ^^^■■' 




Dawes Genealogy. 59 

8 Feb., 1735 ; m. Jofiah Waters, of Bofton, painter, 25 Aug., 
1743; d. 22 Nov., 18 1 6.** Abigail Waters was both. a very 
good and a very religious woman ; and her fpiritual experi- 
ences, beginning at the age of feven, lafled nearly a century. 
Her memoir was written by her paftor, the Rev. Jofhua Hun- 
tington, who fays of her that (he carried into fociety "lips 
juft touched with a coal from off the altar." "Always perti- 
nent and copious, (!) (he was fometimes elevated and fublime." 
She is faid to have preferved the Old South Church to the 
true Calviniftic faith by her prayers. Her portrait is copied 
oppoHte. They had three children, amongfl whom was the 
Col. Waters of whom mention has been made. 

(14) Elizabeth, b. 28 Feb., 1723; m. Jofhua Loring, 26 July, 1744. 

(15) Hannah, b. 7 July, 1724, bapt. July 12 ; prob. m. Jacob Thayer. 

Gliomas JSatoeS* (Thomas ^ Ambros^ William^), born 
Jan. 25th, 1706, a peruke-maker; joined the Third Church 
Dec. 24th, 1727 ; d. about 1747-50. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Jane and Anthony Underwood, the chairmaker, 
Jan. 5th, 1729. Jane was daughter of John Plaice of Bof- 
ton, mariner, and Sarah his wife, and joined the Third 
Church Dec. 7th, 1740; and died Jan. 7th, 1778. Thomas 
and Elizabeth had iffue : — 

(i) Elizabeth, b. 16 April, 1730, bapt. Apr. 19 ; j*d Third Chh. 
apparently 15 March, 1752 ; m. Edward Mayhew ; d. 5 July, 


(2) Thomas, b. 5 Aug., 1731, bapt. Aug. 8. See below, p. 60. 

(3) William, b. 7 March, 1732 ; d. 28 Sept., 1734. 

(4) William, b. 27 May, 1734 ; bapt. June i ; d. 6 Nov., 1736. 

(5) Sarah, b. 25 Jan., 1737, bapt fame day ; m. Jofeph Blake (prob. 

s. of 

** Jofiah was b. 26 July, 1721, capt. 1672) and Samuel Waters, b. in Lan- 

in Anc. & Hon. Art. Co., s. of Mary carter, 14 Feb., 1652, d. 2 May, 1728, 

(b. 1698, d. 8 Oft., 1734) and Jofian s. of Anna (Linton) and Lawrence Wa- 

Waters, b. in Woburn, 19 Sept., 1694, ters, b. 1602, d. 9 Dec, 1687. 
d. 1749, ^' o^ Mary (Hudfon, b. 21 Od., 

6o Dawes Genealogy. 

s. of Increafe Blake, Sr., and bro. of Hannah, w. of Thomas 
below), 3 Dec, 1761 ; d. Feb., 1774, leaving ifiiie, Hannah 

(6) Mary, b. 18 Sept., 1738, bapt. Sept. 24 ; d. young. 

(7) Mary, b. 26 June, 1739, bapt. June 29 ; m. William Curtis, 26 

Aug., 1761 ; d. 8 July, 1785. 

(8) Amos, b. 24 Jan., 1742 ; d. prob. very foon. 

(9) Susanna, b. 9 June, 1744, bapt. June 17 ; m. Samuel Chandler, 

20 May, 1762 ; d. 28 May, 1787, leaving ifliie. 
(10) Story, b. 6 June, 1747, bapt. 12 July. 

Efiomas ©atoeg" (Thomas*, Thomas ^ Ambros^ Wil- 
Ham^), born 5 th Aug., 1731, and baptized three days after. 
He joined the third or Old South Church, 26 Nov., 1749. 
By trade he was a mafon, and became one of the firft great 
mechanics of Bofton. Amongft other buildings, he was the 
archite(5l of the State Houfe and of the old Brattle Street 
Church, — laid the corner-ftone on 23d June, 1772, and did 
half the mafon-work ; and he alfo helped to build the Euftis 
manfion for Governor Shirley. He was for many years 
deacon of the Old South Church (20th 06i, 1786, to his 
death). In 1756, he was fined £/^ for refufing to ferve as 
conftable. The following affidavit by him at this time is 
of intereft as ihowing the means by which the royal armies 
were too often recruited : — 

I, Thomas Dawes of Bofton, of full age, do teftify that on Tuefday 
morning the 21ft inftant, information was given me that Edward Maylem, 
that has liv<^ with me for fome years, was with the Hallifax officers att 
M"^ Ridgways houfe in Royal Exchange Lane, & that the s^ Edward de- 
fir<* me to go to him ; which I did and afk^ him how he came there. To 
which he anfwer** that after fchool was done the evening before he was 
going down Royal Exchange Lane to fee the ufher of the fchool, who was 
indifpos^, & that at M' Stones Corner he fee two or three men a jang- 

VII Col. Thomas Dawes, 

Dawes Genealogy. 6i 

ling. One of them he knew, who was very glad to fee him, and would 
have him go with him to M^^ Ridgways to drink part of a bowl of punch 
for old acquaintance fake, which Maylem refus^ faying he had no occa- 
iion of drinking. But his old acquaintance, And^ White, infifled fo much 
that he went in to M' Ridgways. One of the men, fays Maylem, was 
dreir<* in blew, who I [i. e. Maylem] imagine*^ was an inhabitant, & did 
not fufpedl him to be a foldier till fome time after. I think, fays May- 
lem, that I drank twice and then got up to come home, it being about lo 
oclock ; but after I got out of M' Ridgways h* Andrew Ventrum faid I 
fhould go to his houfe and drink part of a bowl of punch with him, which 
I denied, and faid I would not; but he infifled I (hould, and faid I 
ihould not go home till I had been to his houfe. All this time I never 
fufpedled the afores*^ And^ Ventrum to be a foldier. Not knowing what 
to do, through fear, & with the follicitations of And'^ White, I went to a 
room in a houfe about the middle of Fitch* Alley, where their was a 
woman that And^ Ventrum calH his wife & And^ White & another, where 
they made a confiderable quantity of punch and other drink, which I im- 
agine was to get me drunk, tho they mifl it much. But after fome time 
And'' Ventrum took me by the fleeve of my coat and laid hold of my 
hand with one of his hands and with his other hand put a piflareen in to 
the hand he then held, & told me I was inlifled as a foldier in his majef- 
ties Regiment, to which I anfwer^* that I would lay down & have my head 
cut of, or be cut in two, before I would be a foldier; and defir^ him to 
take the money again, wich he refusal. I had not the money in my hand 
more than half a minute, and I immediately told him I was no foldier, 
neither would I be one, and threw the piftareen away immediately upon 
And'* Ventrum taking his hand from mine ; and was a comming home. 
But he faid I fhould not come home. Then I told him to lett me fee his 
Captain to know of him what way he had to inlifl men ; and after fome 
time the Captain came & told me I mufl flay all night with his men, & in 
the morning he would fee about it. Then the Captain afk<i me wether I 
was willing to go a foldier. I anfwer^ no, & told him I would g^ve him 
ten pound if he would lett me go home, for that I had an aged mother 
that I did a great deal for every week, & could not go on any account. 
Then the Captain told me he would releafe me if I would get another 
man. I told the Captain I was not fairly inlifled, and turn^ my felf to 


62 Dawes Genealogy. 

And^ Ventnim, the perfon who put the money in my hand, & faid you 
know it is not treating one fairly, & that I never took the money ; to 
which he anfwer^i never a word. But after the Captain was gone the 
afores** And'' Ventrum threatened to cane me, & would carry me out of 
town immediately if I was not eafy ; and diredlly remov** me to M' Ridg- 
ways houfe were he detain*^ me all night till now, about 7 oclock next 
morning. After the deponent had taken advice I [Col. Dawes] went to 
the Captains lodgings where I was treated by the Captain in a very civil 
genteel manner. The Captain defiri I would fit down, and told me he 
fuppos^ I came about Maylem. I told him that was my bufmefs with 
him. Why, fays the Captain, the poor fellow look^ develifhly fcar^ lad 
night when I fee him : I thought he was fome harmlefs fellow ; and fuch 
like converfation. And then the Captain told his fervant to go and call 
the ferg** to him ; and after the fervant was gone to call the fergeant the 
Captain faid he mufl go to breakfafl to M' Wetherheads. So the Captain 
and myfelf came out of M' Wheitleys houfe were he lodgd togeather, and 
when we got fome way up the ftreet the fergeant was coming down to 
meet the Captain. Then the Captain in my hearing told the fergeant to 
difmifs Maylem, and then the Captain turn<^ to me & told me he had told 
his fergeant to difmifs Edw<* Maylem ; and I return^ the Captain many 
thanks for his kindnefs. And he went to M' Wetherheads and I with the 
fergeant to M' Ridgways houfe, when the s** fergeant told Maylem he was 
difmifs**, as I did after him. Then I took a dbllar out of my pockett and 
gave the fergeant to drink, upon which the fergeant faid it would not do, 
he mufl have fmart money. I a(k<* him how much that was he d^. Sergtt 
replied & faid a guinea, a crown, & expences. I took 5 or 6 dollars 
out of my pockett, and put them on the table & the fergeant faid that was 
not enough. I replied, & faid I would give no more. To which fome of 
the foldiers faid you fool take it But the ferg** did not feem difpos^ to 
take it. I put the money in my pockett and told Maylem he was difmis^, 
& he might go to work. Maylem went home to my houfe, and to work 
every day as ufual, and every night to fchool. And as the Captain never 
s** anything to me about any fmart money I iniagin^ the foldiers was 
minded to extort money from me in a wrong & unjuft way. But as to my 
taking Maylem by the (holder and (hoving him out of doors, or doing or 


Dawes Genealogy. 63 

faying anything that tended to what the foldiers call refcuing Maylem 
out of their hands, I abfolutely deny & fay it is falfe. 

Suffolk fs : Bofton, Feby 28^** 1758. Perfonally appeared & on oath 
declared that the within declaration was true. 

Before W*» Stoddard, yufl Pax. 

In 1759, he was chofen coroner, and again in 1761. In 
1763, he was put on a committee on chimneys; and, in 
1767, on a committee for the encouragement of the manu- 
fadlure of duck; and, in 1769, he was eledled overfeer of 
the poor and fire ward, with Hancock, Adams, and others, 
and vifited the fchools. He was one of the fubfcribers 
towards paying off the land-bank debts of Mr. Samuel 
Adams, Sr. In 1769 (Aug. 14), his name appears amongft 
the diners at the " Liberty Tree " in Dorchefter. He was 
a member of the club called, I think, the Long Room Club, 
— a club compofed moflly of patriotic young men, frefh 
from college, who met at Colonel Trumbull's rooms, on the 
comer of Court and Brattle Streets, in 1777-78. " He was 
a high patriot, and the caucufes were fometimes held in his 
garret, where they fmoked tobacco, drank flip, and difcuffed 
the ftate of the country. . . . The Tories gave him the 
nickname of * Jonathan Smoothing Plane.' " He took fo 
confpicuous a part in the early fcenes of the Revolution as 
to draw upon himfelf the anger of the royalifts; and his 


64. Dawes Genealogy. 

houfe in Purchafe St. was facked by the Britifh troops before 
they left Boflon. He was adjutant of the " Boflon regiment, 
and commanded the Central Militia Company, whofe place 
of parade was behind the Firfl Church on Cornhill Square. 
During his command of that company, he introduced an 
improvement in mufic. Before that time, no martial mufic 
was ufed on training-days but the drum. He employed a 
man with but one eye, who played the clarionet ; and he 
caufed him to march about eight paces in front. Marigolds 
were then ufed as cockades. He was major of the Boflon 
regiment in 1 771, under Colonel Erving; lieutenant-colonel 
under Colonel Leverett; and in 1773 colonel, which office 
he held until the provifional government was abolifhed ; en- 
fign of the Artillery Company, 1761 ; lieutenant, 1765 ; cap- 
tain, 1766 and 1773. Upon the adoption of the State 
Conflitution, he became an intimate friend of Hancock, and 
began to figure in public life, for which his talents, induflry, 
wealth, and patriotifm well qualified him. He was repre- 
fentative, fenator, and councillor. In private, he was a6live, 
firm, charitable, and aflfable. He was one of the deacons 
of the Old South Church, 1786. I fhall never forget his 
venerable appearance, grave deportment, rich drefs, and fil- 
ver locks, when conflantly on the Sabbath he walked up the 
broad aifle. Early impreffions identified him with true 
piety." In 1787, he defended Job Shattuck in his memo- 
rable trial for treafon in that year. He was moderator of 
the town meeting of 25 July, 1793, to prevent the 
fitting out of privateers. About this time, he was one 
of the dire6lors of the MafTachufetts National Bank. In 
1795 and 1796, he was a member of the committees 




IX. Joseph Peirce. 

Dawes Genealogy. 65 

authorized to fell various town lands, including the Prov- 
ince Houfe and Governor Hancock's pafture, on which the 
State Houfe was built, and other lands ; and three times 
he was chofen ele6lor of the Prefident of the United States. 
His manfion was on Purchafe Street, next door to Samuel 
Adams. He bought it of the Hood heirs, and applied for 
partition in 1789, that he might rebuild. He joined in the 
deeds dividing his grandfathers eftate, in 1760. In 1769, he 
joined in the partition of the Arrill eftate, of which he had 
bought a fhare. The year after (3d Sept., 1770), he fold Bar- 
tholomew Rand an eftate on Atkinfon Street. On Aug. 3d, 
1776, his mother conveyed to him, for £to, the old Under- 
wood manfion on Middle Street (now Hanover), which fhe 
had received as her fhare of her father's eftate. On July 
12th, 1777, he fold his fon-in-law, Jofeph Peirce, nine acres 
of land, with buildings, for ;^40o; on May 6th, 1783, he fold 
Bela French a fmall eftate on Milk Street ; and, on 061. 
25th, i79i,hefold Richard Boynton the eftate on Marlboro' 
Street, adjoining the French Proteftant Meeting-houfe, 
for ;^30o; on Nov. 5th, 1 791, he conveyed to Rufus Green 
Amory an eftate on Spring Lane and Water Street. In 
this and the following year, he joined, as deacon of the 
Old South Church, in the fale of fome of the church lands 
and mortgages. At the great fire of July 31ft, 1794, one 
of his houfes was burnt, and alfo the ftores, barns, &c., on 
his wharf, which was oppofite his manfion. On Sept. 14th, 
1795, he fold Samuel Hewes part of his eftate on Federal 
Street, for ;^5oo, and in this and the next year made the 
conveyances of town lands already referred to. 

He died Jan. 2d, 1809, aged 76. By his will, he gave the 

9 manfion 

66 Dawes Genealogy. 

manfion houfe on Purchafe Street, bought of John Hood, 
to his wife Hannah for life, with furniture and plate and 
$i,ocx) a year; remainder to his fons. He alfo left three 
other houfes on Purchafe Street, one on Middle Street, and 
one on Cornhill, a block on State Street, half of Court 
Square, a farm in Chelfea, and other property, varioufly 
diftributed among his defcendants. His portrait is oppofite. 
The following is the epitaph on his monument in King's 
Chapel Burying-Ground : — 

" Of his tafte for the Grecian (implicity 
In architedhire there are many monuments 
Which he raifed when that art was new to us. 
The records of MafTachufetts (hew 
That he was one of her adlive legiflators 
From y* year 1776 until he was 70 years old, 
When he retired with faculties unimpaired. 
To the fifcal concerns of the Metropolis, 
To its literary and other Inftitutions, 
He was a zealous friend. He was an ele6tor 
At the three firft eledlions of prefident 
Of the U. S., and difcharged various trufts 
To his own honor and the public weal." 

He married Hannah, daughter Increafe Blake and Ann 
Gray, July, 1 752.^^ Hannah was bom Sept. 9th, 1 733 ; joined 
the Third Church, April 7th, 1765, and died Nov. loth, 18 15. 
Her portrait follows her hufband's. 

They had iffue : — 

(i) Sarah, 

*" Ann Gray, dau. Edward Gray, a James Blake, s. of Elder James Blake, 

wealthy merchant, whofe w. was Su- s. of William and Agnes Blake, of 

fanna, dau. of John and Sufanna Dorchefler. See Blake Family. 
Harrifon. Increafe Blake, s. of Dea. 

X. Ann [Dawes] Peirce. 

Dawes Genealogy. 6j 

(i) Sarah, m. Batchelder. 

(2) Ann, b. 19 May, 1753, bapt. May 20 ; d. 4 Mar. 181 2 ; m. Cap- 

tain Jofeph Peirce,** a merch. of Bofton and an ardent patriot, 
4 April, 177 1, whofe portrait is given, with hers, and had 
iflue : — 

(a) yofeph Hardy^ b. 8 March, 1773 ; m. 1791, Frances Tem- 

ple, b. 3 Dec, 1776, dau. of Jofeph Cordis, Efq., of 
Charleilown, and had 13 ch. 

(b) Ann^ b. 11 Aug., 1774; d. 10 061., 1800 ; m. 25 Apr., 1792, 

John, s. of Rev. John Lathrop, and had 4 ch. 

(c) Hannah Dawes^ b. 3 Jan., 1783 ; d. Dec, 1856 ; m. Thos. 

P. Kettell, merch. 

(d) Elizabeth Somes^ b. 25 061., 1787 ; d. 1845 ; m. Fitch 

Pool Putnam. Eight other ch. d. young. 

(3) Hannah, b. 8 July, 1754, bapt. July 14; prob. d. young. 
(4&5) Thomas and Elizabeth, twins, b. 22 July, 1756, bapt. July 27. 

Thomas prob. d. young. Elizabeth m. Captain Nehemiah 
Somes, merch. of Bofton, and part owner of the privateer 
Arctic of Manly's fleet in 1779, and had iflue: Thomas and 

(6) Thomas, b. 8 July, 1757, below. 

(7) Hannah, bapt. 15 July, 1758 ; prob. m. Whipple. 

t!rf)Oma0 • (Thomas *, Thomas \ Thomas ^, Ambros ^ Wil- 
liam^), born July 8th, 1757, baptized July loth; graduated 
at Harvard College 1777; married Margaret Greenleaf, 
061. 4th, 1 781; member State Convention of 1780 and 

1 788 ; 

** Capt. Peirce b. 25 Dec, I745 ; d. Jos. Hardy of Salem. Ifaac was s. of 

I Jan., 1828. He was founder and 2d Ifaac Peirce, Efq., b. 22 Mch., 1687, 

Capt. of the Grenadiers, his intimate and Grace, dau. Lewis Tucker of Cafco. 

friend Gen. Henry Knox being 2d Ifaac was s. of Samuel, b. 7 Apr., 1656, 

lieut. His father and brothers ferved and Lydia, dau. of Daniel Bacon, 

with diflindlion in the continental army. Samuel was s. of Serg. Thomas Peirce, 

He was reprefentative and conftantly b. in Eng. (in Woburn in 1643), and 

on important committees during the Elizabeth, dau. of Rice Cole of Charlef- 

revolution. He was s. of Ifaac Peirce, town. Thomas was s. of Thomas, b. 

b. 12 06i., 1722, who m. Mary, dau. 1583, and Elizabeth. 


Dawes Genealogy. 

1788; joined Third Church May nth, 1800. From 1792 
to 1802, he fat on the bench of the Maffachufetts Supreme 
Court, and from 1802 till his d. he was judge of probate. 
He was alfo on the Municipal bench of Bolton from 1802 
to 1822; and he died, full of honors, July 21ft, 1825. He 
was a fmall man, but very eloquent/* Two portraits of 
him are given, one by Copley, the other by Stuart. Mar- 
garet was born May 2 2d, 1761, and died 21 March, 1836.^^ 

They had iffue : — 

(i) Margaret, b. 23 June, 1782 ; d. 7 July, 1782. 

(2) Thomas, b. 26 April, 1783, bapt next day; grad. Harv. Coll., 
1801 j m. Eliza Cunningham, 29 Aug., 18 15. He d. 29 July, 
1825, and his widow m. his brother Horatio, below. Thomas 
and Eliza had ifTue : — 

(a) A Jon, ftill-bom, 18 Mar. 18 17. 

(b) Thomas, Rev., b. 11 March, 1818 ; grad. Chauncy Place 

School, Bofton Latin School, Harv. Coll. 1839 \ ™- Lydia 
Ames Sawin, dau. Hon. Ezekiel Sawin, of Fairhaven, 
and had no ifTue. 

(c) Margaret Greenleaf, b. 14 Jan., 182 1 ; d. 9 July, 1844, 

betrothed to Pelham Hayward, bro. of her aunt Sarah's 

(d) Elizabeth, 

*• A long account of him will be 
found in the " Bofton Orators," p. 141. 

*• Margaret, b. 22 May, 1761, d. i 
Mar., 1836, was dau. of William Green- 
leaf and Mary (Brown, b. 1727). Wil- 
liam, b. IQ Jan., 1725, was fon of Rev. 
Daniel Greenleaf and Elizabeth 
(Gookin, b. 20 Nov., 1681, dau. SherifE 

Gookin, fon of Major-General Gookin, 
of Cambridge). Rev. Daniel, b. 10 
Feb., 1780, was fon of Stephen Green- 
leaf and Elizabeth (Gerrifti, b. 25 Sept., 
1657, dau. Captain William Gerrifti, of 
Newburg). Stephen, b. 15 Aug., 1652, 
was fon of Edmund Greenleaf, of Eng., 
b. about 1600. 

XI nKMM U««» Tk 

Dawes Genealogy. 


(d) Elizabeth^ b. 4 Feb., 1823 ; m. George Minot 12 Dec, 


(e) Sarah Ann, b. 6 Odl., 1827 ; m. Chauncy Parkman Judd, 

and had ifTue : Edith, Marion, and Mabel. 

(3) Emily, b. 29 May, 1785; m. Samuel B. Goddard, 1804; d. 

1840. They had ifTue : Emily Joanna Lamb, m. Charles 

(4) Hannah, b. 8 Jan., 1787 ; m. Charles H. Appleton, 5 Nov., 

1807 (he was b. 26 Dec, 1784, and d. 29 Sept., 1831. They 
had iffue : — 

(a) Horatio Dawes, b. 11 Sept., 1808 ; d. 4 Sept., 1828. 

(b) Charles Dawes, b. 16 April, 18 10. 

(c) Margaret Dawes y b. 23 Dec, 181 1 ; m. Ruffell Sturgis. 

(d) Emily Dawes, b. 21 Dec, 18 13. 

(e) Nathaniel Dawes, b. 31 May, 1816 ; d. 27 July, 1824. 

(f) George Dawes, b. 6 06t., 18 18 ; m. Catherine Hough. 

(g) Mary Dawes, b. 16 Aug., 1820; d. 1846. 

(h) Thomas Dawes, b. 19 May, 1822 ; d. Sept., 1837. 
(i) Charlotte Dawes, b. 21 April, 1824; m. John Cranch. 
(j) Henry Dawes, b. 21 Jan., 1826 ; m. Kate Brick. 
(y) Edward Dawes, b. 8 Dec, 1827. 

(5) Margaret, b. 6 Dec, 1789 ; d. 25 June, 1875 '> "*• William G. 

Eliot, her coufin (b. 25 Dec, 1781, d. 16 Dec, 1853), and 
had iffue : — 

(a) Thomas Dawes, b. 20 March, 1808 ; m. Frances Brock ; 

M. C, d. 14 June, 1870. 

(b) Hannah Dawes, b. 10 June, 1809 ; m. Thomas Lamb, 

of Bofton. 

(c) William Greenleaf, b. 5 Aug., 181 1 ; Unitarian minifter; 

m. Abigail 

*' Geo. Minot, b. 5 Jan., 181 7; 
Harv. Coll. 1836; Dane Law Sch. 
1838; lawyerof Bofton, d. 16 Apr. 1858. 
He was s. of Judge Stephen Minot, b. 
2 Sept., 1776. Harv. Coll. 1801, and 
Rebecca Tralk, b. 28 Feb., 1785. Ste- 
phen was s. of Jonas Minot, b. 25 
Apr., 1735. Jonas was s. of Dea. 
Samuel Minot, b. 25 Mar., 1706, and 

Sarah Prefcott. Samuel was s. of 
James Minot, b. 4 Sept., 1653, Harv. 
Coll. 1675, Capt., preacher, and repr., 
and Rebecca Wheeler. James was s. 
of Capt. John Minot, b. 2 Apr., 1626, 
and Lydia Butler. John was s. of El- 
der George Minot, b. 4 Aug., 1594, and 
Martha. George, s. of Thomas Mi- 
not, of £ng. 

70 Dawes Genealogy. 

m. Abigail A. Cranch, 29 Jan., 1837. ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ 
coz., b. 20 Feb., 18 17. 

(d) Elizabeth Margaret sOmmc, b. 21 July, 1819 ; m. James 
^.Furnefs, 25 0<5l., 1838, withftwit iffue. 

(e) Nancy Cranch^ b. 25 Dec, 1822 ; d. 4 Sept., 1823. 

(£) Frank Andrew^ b. 8 Aug., 1825 ; m. Mary Johnfon ; d. 

(g) Horatio Dawes^ b. 12 Feb., 1820; d. 11 Feb., 183 1. 
(h) Caroline^ b. 8 March, 1830 ; m. John A. Kaffon, 2 May, 


(6) James Greenleaf, b. 10 July, 1792 ; drowned in Bofton Har- 

bor, 18 July, 18 1 5. 

(7) Harrison, b. 14 May, 1794, auctioneer of Baltimore ; m. 15 

Aug., 1820, Lucy Greenleaf (b. 14 Sept., 1797), dau. John 
Greenleaf, the brother-in-law of Judge Cranch, and d. 27 Jan., 
1835. His iffue were : — 

(a) Lticy Cranch^ b. 5 Aug., 182 1, unm. 

(b) Mary Greenleaf^ b. 24 Nov., 1823 ; m. Frederic Stoud 

Stallknecht, of New York, 3 Dec, 1844. He was b. 
II April, 1820, in Middlefart, Denmark, and d. 18 
Dec, 1875. They had iffue : * Frederic^ b. 4 July, 1848, 
publiflier of the " Hat and Cap Review " of New York ; 
m. Grace Amelia Piatt, 22 0(5t., 1872, and had iffue: 
^ Harry Sedgwick, h. 23 Jan., 1858; ^ Thorwold, b. 17 
061., 1 761 ; * yofefa Vidoria Roufzeny b. 16 Nov., 1863 ; 
• Charles Piatt, b. 2 Dec, 1868. 

(c) Harrifon yames, b. 17 Aug., 1826; in dry goods bufmefs 

for 33 years ; m. Marcia Jane Alger, 7 May, 1853. 
She was b. in Eaflon, Mafs., 11 Feb., 1834, and d. 20 
March, 1855. They had iffue: ^ Agnes Howard, b. 10 
July, 1854; Harrifon James m. again 31 Dec, 1856, 
Mary Ellen Beall, b. in Montgomery County, Md., 27 
April, 1835, ^^^ ^^^ ^^"^ ^y ^^^ > ^ Ida Perry, b. 3 Jan., 
1858; ^ Harry Beall, b. 16 July, 1859; ^ Mary Green- 
leaf, b. 8 May, 186 1. 

(d) yohn Greenleaf, 

• ^ .'•:. :■. ? : 

« , * 


• , -1 ■ .1 


1 • 

■ (-. 

: I ■ 

■ : ! 1- ■•):■ : 

, '.. • : • ■ ■■■' 

.^ / 

; . 

t .'■ : :■ 

V • 

\ ■ 

■ I : i • ■ ' • 

t • • • 

. . . ■■/ 

XII. Judge Thomas Dawes, 

Dawes Genealogy. 71 

(d) yohn GremUafy b. 27 July, 1828, one of the firft pioneers 

to California, and now a (heep-raifer there. 

(e) William Gremleaf^h, 12 July, 183 1, homoeopathic dodlor; 

m. Amanda Bigelow, of Quincy, in 1855, and had ifTue : 
^Florence, b. 19 Jan., 1856; ^ AlicCy b. 19 0<5L, 1857; 
^Nelliey b.8 Sept, 1859, d. Sept, i860; * William Green- 
leafy b. 21 Feb., 1861 ; ^ Amy Cranchy b. 20 Nov., 
1862; ^ Eamefty b. 28 Jan., 1864; ^ Gertrudey b. 15 
Nov., 1867 \ ^ Roberty b. 12 March, 1870. 

(f) Margaret Cranchy b. 26 Jan., 1834 ; m. 30 Sept., 1858, 

Lyman Baldwin Ripley, b. in Saxonville, Mafs., 4 April, 
1836, and afterward of St. Louis. They had iffue : * yohn 
Dawes y b. 9 Feb., 1862; ^ Lyman Currier y b. 13 Aug., 
1865, d. 27 Sept, 1867 j ^Nellie Howardy b. 13 Jan., 
1868 j ^ Lucy Greenleafy b. 10 Dec, 1870; ^Howard 
Fuller y b. 17 Jan., 1874; ^George Minoty b. 3 Jan., 

(8) Elizabeth, b. 3 July, 1795 ; m. Francis Arthur Blake, and had 

no iffue ; after his d., (he married Jofeph Robert Cowdin, and 
iffue : — 

(a) yofeph Dawes, 

(b) William Henry. 

(c) George Greenleafy b. 1838. 

(9) Anna, b. 18 July, 1796; d. Dec, 187 1, unm., having become 

infane in youth after a fever. 

(10) Sarah Appleton, b. 28 Nov., 1797 ; m. James T. Hayward, 

treafurer Bofton fugar refinery, 2 Sept, 1,828, and had iffue : — 

(a) Nathany b. 6 Jan., 1830. 

(b) yames Warreny b. 2 Feb., 1833. 

(c) Mary Chiltony b. 21 Dec, 1835. 

(d) Margaret Greenleafy b. 25 Nov., 1837; ™« H* Mitchell, of 

Bolton, 9 Sept, 1873, and had iffue. 

(11) Horatio, b. 7 Dec, 1798 ; d. 4 Sept, 1799- 

(12) Mary Greenleaf, b. 26 Aug., 1800 ; d. unm. 

(13) George Minot, b. 25 Jan., 1802 ; crier U. S. Court in Bofton 

for many years; m. Mary Elizabeth Greenleaf, 4 April, 1827 ; 

d. 19 Nov., 

72 Dawes Genealogy. 

d. 19 Nov., 187 1. She was fifter of Lucy, who married Har- 
rifon (No. 7). They had iffue • — 

(a) Nancy Cranchy b. 23 Feb., 1828 ; d. 29 May, 1828. 

(b) Mary Elizabethy b. 9 May, 1829 ; m. Henry Mitchell, 

5 Sept., 1854; d. without iffue, 25 Jan., 1870. Her 
hufb. afterward married Marg. G. Hayward, her coz., 

(c) George Greenleafy b. 13 Feb., 1832, dry-goods merchant, 


(d) Richard Cranch^ b. 16 July, 1838, book-keeper in the Shot 

Tower of San Francifco ; m. Charlotte Ann Howe, of 
Haverhill, 28 06t, 1870, and had iffue : Mary Nantie, 
b. 4 Aug., 187 1, d. Dec, 1874. 

(e) Ambrofe^ b. 19 Sept., 1843, wholefale millinery in New 

York City, unm. 

(f) JRufuSj b. 6 Aug., 1850 ; d. 30 March, 1852. 

(14) RuFUS, b. 27 Jan., 1803 ; m. Elizabeth Eliot Cranch, 18 May, 

1829 ; d. without iffue, 29 Nov., 1859. She was b. 8 Feb., 

(15) Susan, b. 30 Jan., 1804; d. unm. 

(16) Horatio, b. 20 Aug., 1805 ; m. Eliza, widow of his brother 

Thomas, above. No iffue. 

roillltam ©afaeiS \ (Thomas ^ Ambros ^, William % bom 
2 0(5t, 1 719, in Bofton; baptized 061. 4; joined the Third 
Church, 8 Feb., 1735, with two of his fifters. He was by 
trade a tailor, his houfe being on Ann Street, corner of 
Scottow's Alley, adjoining the Savage eftate, and his (hop 
on Salt Lane, running down to Mill Creek by the Proprie- 
tors' wharf, with fome wharf privileges. It adjoined the 
eftates of James Bowdoin and Charles Coffin. He alfo 
owned a houfe on Bogg Lane, adjoining the eftates of Ben- 
jamin Euftis, Gerftiorn Keys, and Jofeph Blake, and an 




Dawes Genealogy. 73 

eftate on Temple Street, adjoining E. Norwood and John 

He firft married Lydia, daughter of Nicholas Boone, a 
bookfeller of Boflon, about 1742 ; and (he joined the other 
heirs, foon after her marriage, in the fale of her fathers 
dwelling-houfe on CornhiU for ;^i,8cx>. In 1760, not long 
after the birth of her ninth child, (he died; and he left 
Bofton very foon for Marlboro'. His (hop on Salt Lane he 
had previoufly fold to William Whitwell (2 2d of Feb., 1758, 
;^34 for the real eftate), and his Ann Street and Bogg Lane 
property he had mortgaged (1756, £20(S). In 1760, he 
joined in the deeds by which his father's eftate was divided, 
lending Story, who took the manfion houfe, £(>o, to pay 
for it, in part on mortgage which was difcharged in 1767. 

On Aug. 27, 1764, he married again. His fecond wife 
was Hannah, bom 25th of June, 1726, died 13th of June, 

1 8 10, widow of Gair, and daughter of Samuel Jackfon, 

a wealthy blackfmith, who lived near by on Sudbury Street, 
and Ruth Chapin (m. 15 Aug., 1722). William and Han- 
nah joined the other heirs of her father in conveying to 
John Lowell for ;^4,500, on the ift of Jan., 1779, a houfe 
and two acres of land, on the eaft fide of the road to the 
Mill Dam, running back from the ftreet leading farther up 
to the Mill Pond. The eftates of Tuthill Hubbard, Tim- 
othy Fitch, and Ifaac Puree adjoined it. Shortly before, 
on 20th Nov., 1778, they fold the Prince Street eftate for 
;^i95. to Edward Edes, the baker. This was next to 
Elizabeth Wadland and Samuel Haley ; and, on the 2d of 
January following, other heirs fold a piece of garden land on 
Green Lane, on the north-weft corner of the road to Barton's 


74 Dawes Genealogy. 

Point, for ;^3cx>, to Daniel Jackfon, Mrs. Dawes's brother ; 
and finally they fold the Jackfon manfion, on Sudbury 
Street, to John Coolidge, for ;^ 1,200. It was next to the 
Benjamin Euftis eftate, and Samuel Pitts, and thus very 
near to the Dawes manfion. On the 14th of 06lober, 
1785, he fold the Temple Street eftate to James Lan- 
man (who married his coufin Sufanna), and fold the Bogg 
property to William Harris for ;^220, 2d September, 1788. 

He feems to have dropped his original trade entirely 
when he went to Marlboro* ; and, when he came back to 
Bofton, was at firft a grocer, and afterwards a goldfmith, 
in partnerfhip with his nephew, William Homes, on Ann 
Street, where Oak Hall now flands. The time had paffed 
when men kept to the fame bufinefs generation after gen- 
eration, as the early Dawefes did. He lived over the (hop, 
however ; and his family fometimes affifted him in it, after 
the fimple faftiion of the day. He was lame from birth, 
having -a club foot ; and this kept him from (haring the 
a6live labors of his fon, Revere's comrade, though he fym- 
pathized with them heartily enough. " His apprentices 
were among the party who threw the tea overboard in 
Bofton Harbor. The daughters of the family fat up for 
them ; and when they came in, the rims of their hats, which 
were turned up a little, were loaded with tea, which the 
young women vigoroufly ftiook into the fire," while they 
liftened to the ftory of what was then thought a daring but 
boyifti efcapade. 

Mr. Dawes " ftayed in Bofton during the fiege, two un- 
married fifters of his firft wife, Molly and Betty Boone, 
remaining with him. He had a large hole dug in the cel- 


Dawes Genealogy. 75 

lar, into which he put his filver and valuables, which re- 
mained there until after the evacuation of the town. . . . 
While the Britifh forces flayed in Bofton, they fent a patrol 
through the ftreets, ordering the people at nine o'clock to 
put out their lights. The two Mifles Boone fometimes 
evaded the order, by putting their lights behind the chim- 
ney-board and clofing the fhutters. The evening before 
the Britifti forces left, the people were filled with alarm at 
being ordered to put out their lights an hour earlier than 
ufual. They were up all night, not knowing what would 
happen; and all night there was tramping through the 
ftreets, but in the morning came the bleflfed relief of know- 
ing they were once more free. Then the people from the 
country hurried down to fee their friends, and carry them 
fupplies, for their fare had been very meagre during their 
imprifonment ; and all was rejoicing. Miffes Betty and 
Molly afterwards went to Marlboro', and died there." 

Mr. Dawes was a ftri6lly religious man according to the 
light of his day, and did not allow his children to laugh or 
look out of the window on the Sabbath. " Not only was 
the food for Sunday prepared on Saturday, that the day 
might be one of reft for all the members of the houfehold, 
but the flioes and garments were brufhed and prepared 
beforehand." During the laft two years of his life, he was 
totally blind. The following bufmefs letter, written to the 
Rev. Dr. Eleazar Wheelock, is the only writing that I have 
been able to find. The fhrewd claim of intereft, and the 
complaint of the " difficulty the town is under," are both to 
be noted. 


76 Dawes Genealogy. 

" Boston, Auguft y« 8*, 1774. 

" S', — I am greatly furprifed that you ihould think of fending me 
the robe, &c., which I fend. It is tru I had no order from you for my 
doings; but I had from Mr. Kendall, in a letter from him (as Mr. 
Waters may rember), who you imployed to do y' bufinefs. Mr. Kendall, 
in his letter to me, reftridled me ado the price of the drefs. I got them 
below his price. I paid the cafh for them, without the lead advance. I 
had nothing in view but to ferve you. I know, in law, you are not 
anfwerable to me ; but Mr. Kendall is. I told Mr. Waters it was not a 
regular way of doing bufinefs; but, as I thought I was adling for a 
friend, a gentleman of carradler, of honour, & ftri<5t juflis, I (hould be 
fafe in complying with Mr. Kendall's requeft, who had before feen the 
garments & examened the fame. Cap^ Marret, who made the drefs, 
as I remember, faid I had them for lefs than half the firft coft. Now, 
s', judge you if you ought not to keep the faid drefs, &, if you can't wear 
them with honour & ^ good contience, convert them to fome other ufe, & 
look to M' Kendall for the damages. I mud intreat you not to trouble 
me with the garments, which will be dead (lock on my hands ; but be fo 
good as to fend me money, with the intereft, the firft opportunity, which 
I want on ac<5t of the prefent difficultys the town is under, & which I 
expedled. As to the garments being, as you fay, near worn out, or 
bafely forfited, were curcumflances well known to / truftee before he 
ordered me to purchas them. I muft once more intreet you not to fend 
me the drefs back again, but the money. 

Y' mod obe* fer*, & dutifull 


He died on the 14th Nov., 1802, three years after his 
patriot fon, leaving his wife Hannah and feveral children. 
His will gave the houfe on Ann Street, valued at ;^6,ooo, 
to his wife for her life, and after her death to her children, 
Ruth and Sarah. He alfo left her the furniture, plate, and 
;^ioo; and the reft of his property, including a houfe and 


Dawes Genealogy. jj 

land on Milk Street and £s^Z^7 ^^ perfonal property, he 
gave to his children. 

His iffue by his firft wife, Lydia, were : — 

(i) Hannah, b. 19 SepL, 1743, bapt 25 Jan., 1744; j'd Third 
Church, 7 April, 1765 ; m. John Lucas, a baker and a wealthy 
merchant of Boflon, and a commiiTary of continental pen-' 
fioners, 3 Nov., 1765, no iflue ; d. 11 Apr., 1803. Lucas Street 
was named for him. A heliotype, from a miniature of her by 
Malbone, is oppolite, followed by two likenefles of her hu(b. 
taken abroad. 

(2) William, b. 6 April, 1745. See below, p. 82. 

(3) Lydia, b. 10 Feb., 1747, bapt. 15 Feb.; j'd Third Chh., 5 Jan., 

1772 ; m. John Coolidge, and left iflue. 

(4) Mary, b. 7 Feb., 1749, bapt. Feb. 12 ; prob. d. young. 

(5) Elizabeth, b. 17 Nov., 1750, bapt. Nov. 18 ; prob. d. young. 

(6) Abigail, b. 27 Dec, 1752, bapt. Dec. 31 ; m. William Cogfwell, 

a trader, 24 May, 1773; d. 20 Nov., 1833. Mr. Cogfwell's 
mother, Elizabeth Rogers, was the daughter of Rev. Nath. 
Rogers, of Ipfwich, faid to be a defcendant of John Rogers, the 
famous martyr of Smithfield. Mr. Cogfwell was a genial, 
generous, hofpitable man, and a good patriot Before the 
fiege of Boflon began, he was compelled to feek fafety by 
leaving Boflon with his family, abandoning his bufinefs and 
his new houfe on Milk Street. His grand-daughter writes : " I 
have often heard grandmother relate the manner of their mov- 
ing. The crowd of people who were eager to leave made it 
extremely difficult to get any vehicle for their goods or con- 
veyance for themfelves. After a good deal of trouble, how- 
ever, they fucceeded in getting a one-horfe wagon, with a 
colored man who was a fervant in the family of a relative for 
a driver, and into this wagon was put all the goods they could 
take with them. Another vehicle on two wheels — a fort of 
chaife without a top, as I fhould imagine — was to convey the 
women and children. The fecond wife of Grandfather Dawes 
[Hannah Jackfon] with her two children, afterwards Mrs. 


78 Dawes Genealogy. 

Tidd and Mrs. Hammond [Mrs. Cogfwell's fiflers-in-law], 
then children of nine or ten, had fhawls tied round their waifts, 
which Grandmother Dawes would attach to her arms to hold 
them in. This good lady was alfo to hold Grandmother 
Cogfweirs baby while grandmother drove. This was very 
likely her firfl attempt at driving, and ihe probably was not 
very fkilful, as fubfequent events proved. Starting out in 
this queer fafhion, they mud have prefented a fpedlacle both 
ludicrous and touching; for they carried very heavy hearts 
with them, leaving dear ones behind, of whofe fate they were 
uncertain, and feeling anxious for their own. They were 
obliged to afk leave to pafs the gates [on the Neck], Grand- 
father with hat in hand waiting while an official examined his 
goods to fee that no arms or ammunition were concealed in 
them; but, after due fearch, they were allowed to pafs on. 
They went on very well for a time, but came to grief before 
night ; for, going down a hill in Weflon, the horfe in the gig, or 
whatever it might be called, fell down, throwing out the entire 
load. The baby's face was badly cut upon the (harp flones, 
and bled profufely ; but a brook was near by (Stony Brook), 
at which they bathed the child's face and refted. And in 
after years, as the family journeyed back and forth to Boflon, 
this brook was pointed out as the fcene of their peril and re- 
lief. In due time they reached Marlboro', and lived for a 
time in a few rooms which they hired ; and afterwards they 
hired a houfe in the middle of the town, where Grandfather 
began a fmall trading buiinefs. He afterwards, when he had 
decided to remain there, bought a very pleafant houfe which 
had been owned by a Col. Barnes, a Tory, and confifcated, and 
there remained until his death." 

Mr. Cogfwell profpered in his buiinefs in Marlboro' ; and 
had at one time a diflillery and a manufactory of potafh. 
During the war, " he made a journey to Philadelphia, and re- 
turned on horfeback, bringing his faddlebags full of nutmegs, 
which fold for a dollar a piece." They had iflue : — 

(a) Abigail^ 



XVI A«.«*« in4«» i.-iw«w 


Dawes Genealogy. 79 

(a) Abigaily b. 7 Dec^ 1775 > ^* 22 Feb., 1801, Samuel Gib- 


(b) Francis^ b. 13 Aug., 1777 ; d. Dec. 13. 

(c) Elizabcthy b. 15 Nov., 1778 ; m. 16 Aug., 1797, David 


(d) MehitabUy b. 15 06t, 1780; m. 1802, Rev. James Con- 


(e) Hannah Lucas^ b. 29 April, 1782 ; m. 25 June, 1801, 

Thomas Cole. 

(!) Lydiay b. 28 Jan., 1784; m. 23 June, 1813, Micah Sher- 

(g) William^ b. 25 March, 1786 ; d. 31 Jan., 1788. 

(h) Ruthy^ b. 23 Nov., 1787. 

(i) CharleSy b. 12 April, 1789 ; m. 1814 Lucy Wilder; d. 11 
June, 1838. 
• (j) Sally y b. 2 Od:., 1790 ; m. 22 Od., 1812, John Brown. 

(k) Rebeccay b. 31 March, 1792 ; m. 26 Nov., 1829, Samuel 

(1) Lucretiay b. 24 April, 1794; d. 25 Nov., 1703. 

(m) Henry FranciSy b. 3 May, 1796. 

(n) William DaweSy b. 6 July, 1798. 

(7) Elisha, b. 15 Aug., 1755, bapt. Aug. 7. Nothing is known of 

him, except the word " Tory " written againfl his name in 
the Old South Chh. reg. of baptifm. 

(8) RebeCkah, b. 26 Sept., 1756, bapt. fame day; m. Mofes Ring, 

of Boflon ; d. 24 Od., 1836. Had iflue. 

(9) Ruth, b. i March, 1760, bapt. March 4 ; prob. d. young. 

. (10) William's fecond wife, Hannah, bore him a child who died in 
birth ; and 
(11) Ruth, b. 10 July, 1766, bapt. July 13 ; m. Jacob Tidd, difliller, 
of Bollon, 18 July, 1786 (he was b. Aug., 1755, d. March, 182 1), 
and had iflue : — 

(a) Hannahy b. April, 1787; d. Dec, 1790. 

(b) Sarahy b. 5 May, 1788 ; m. Hon. Nathaniel Pope Ruflfell,*' 

23 Nov., 

* He was b. 15 Aug., 1779 ; d.3 July, Dawes Hammond, below. He was s. of 
1848 ; m. after her d. her coz Hannah Ezeklel Ruflell and Sarah Hood. £ze- 


8o Dawes Genealogy. 

23 Nov., 1808; d. II Dec, 1820, and had iflue : 
"^Adeline Matilda^ b. i Sept, 1809, m. 10 Dec, 1834, Rev. 
Chas. F. Barnard, of Bofton, and d. s. p. 5 Jan., 1835 > 
^Harriet Tidd, b. 16 March, 1811, m. 16 Od., 1834, Hon. 
Geo. T. Davis (grad. Harv. Coll. 1829), and had iflue, — 
Wendell, James Clark, and a dau. ; • Sarah^ b. 5 Jan., 
1813, m. II Nov., 1835, R^v- Samuel May, of Leicefter 
(grad. Harv. Coll. 1829), and had iflue, — Adeline, 
Edward, Jofeph Ruflell, Elizabeth Goddard ; ^ Matilda 
CoolidgCy b. 19 April, 1815, d. 27 Feb., 1816 ; ^Nathaniel 
PqpCj b. 19 July, 18 16, d. 5 Feb., 182 1 ; ^ Maria Louija^ 
b. 20 Feb., 1818, m. 23 Sept., 1841, Wendell T. Davis, 
Efq. (of Greenfield, grad. Harv. Coll. 1838), and had 
iflue, — Nathaniel Ruflell, George Thornton, Caroline 
Williams, Mary Ruflell, Maria Louisa, Charles Devens. 

(c) William^ b. March, 1789 ; d. July, 1795. 

(d) Charles^ b. April, 1790 ; d. June, 181 7, leaving iflue. 

(e) Ruth^ b. March, 1792 ; d. 06i., 1793. 

(f) Harriet^ b. Feb., 1794; d. Nov., 1809. 

(g) Lucy^ b. Nov., 1795; m. R.Ward, of Salem, and had 

(h) A Jon, b. Dec, 1797. 

(i) William Dawes, b. June, 1799 ; d. Dec, 1828. 
(j) A dau., b. March, 1801. 
(k) Sujan S., b. Feb., 1803 ; d. 19 March, 1853 ; m. Henry 

Porter, and left iflue. 
(1) Emily y b. March, 1805 ; d. Aug., 1807. 

(m) Emily, b. Aug., 1809 ; d. 18 Dec, 1840 ; m. Baker, 

and left iflue. 

(12) Sarah, 

kiel, b. 17 May, 1744, d. 9. Sept., 1796, d. 10 Nov., 1744, dau. Ezekiel Cheever, 

was s. of Capt. Benjamin Ruflell and b. 1615, of London, and Ellen Lothrop). 

Elizabeth Belknap (b. 13 April, 1708, Jofeph, b. 1664, was s. of Rev. John 

d. Jan., 1772, dau. Jofeph Belknap, b. Ruflell and Sarah Champneys. John 

1658, and Abigail Buttolph, b. 1066). of Bofton, d. 24 Dec, 1680, was s. of 

Benjamin, b. 10 March, 1698, d. 16 John Ruflell, of Woburn, d. i June, 

April, 1774, was fon of Jofeph Ruflell 1676, and Elizabeth, d. 6 Dec, 1644. 
and Sufanna Cheever (b. Feb., 1660, 



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XVll. Samdei 

Dawes Genealogy. 


(12) Sarah, b. 23 April, 1768 ; m. 9 June, 1794, Afa Hammond,* a 
wealthy merchant of Boilon. Their portraits are given here. 
They had ifliie : — 

(a) yohn Lucas J b. 21 Feb^ 1795 ; d. s. p. 10 May, 1846. 

(b) Charles f b. 18 May, 1796, Harv. Coll. 

(c) Hannah JDawes, b. 4 Nov., 1797 ; m. 13 Feb., 1822, Hon. 

N. P. Ruflell (b. 15 Aug., 1779, d. 3 July, 1848, had m. 
before Sarah Tidd, with iffue above), and had ilTue: 
"^ Samuel Hammond^ b. 13 Jan., 1S23, m. 22 April, 1847, 
Louifa Ann Adams, and had ilTue, Edith and Alice ; 
^ Mary Ann Palfrey \ ^Nathaniel Pope^ grad. Harv. 
Coll. 1848. 

(d) Mary Ann^ b. 15 Jan., 1800; m. 11 March, 1823, Hon. 

John Gorham Palfrey.*® Iffue: ^ Sarah H,\ ^Hannah 
Rujfell; • yohn Gorham^ d. young ; * Francis Winthrop^ 
Harv. Coll. Gen. U. S. A. in late war ; * John Carver^ 
Harv. Coll. 1853, Well Point, Gen. U. S. A. in late 
war; and ^ Mary Gorham. 

(e) Samuel^ b. 7 0<ft., 1801 ; d. 10 Sept., 1834; m. 5 Nov., 

1828, Sufannah Copley Greene (b. 1806, d. 22 March, 
1844), and had iffue : * Gardiner Greene; ^Samuel^ and 

(f) Sarahj b. 21 Feb., 1803 ; d. 20 061., 1820, s. p. 

(g) Catherine^ b. 20 May, 1804; m. 19 SepL, 1833, John G. 


*• Name changed to Samuel, b. 12 
July, 1766^ d. 4 Nov., 1838, s. of 
Mary Fiflce and Samuel Hammond, b. 
14 June, 1730, d. 1770; and Samuel 
was s. of Marodret Wilfon (d. 1788) 
and John Hammond, £fq.,b. 16 March, 
1696, d. 27 June, 1763. John was s. 
of Hetty (d. 1704) and Thomas Ham- 
mond, D. 16 Dec, 1666, d. 15 March, 
1738. Thomas was s. of Elizabeth 
Stedman (d. 1715) and Thomas Ham- 
mond, d. 20 0€l., 1678. Thomas was 
8. of Elizabeth Cafon and Thomas 
Hammond, Efq., of Eng. and Newton, 
d. 30 Sept., 1675. 

^ D.D., &c., b. 2 May, 1796, grad. 
Harv. Coll. 18 15, M.C. 1846-8,8. of John 
Palfrey, Efq., and Mary Slureis Gor- 
ham (b. 26 July, 1772). Sq. John, b. 
IS Oct., 1768, was s. of Col. Wil- 
liam Palfrey and Sufannah Cazneau 
(b. 18 Aug., 1 741.) Col. William, 
b. 24 Feb., 1 74 1, was s. of Thomas 
Palfrey and Hannah Tapper. Thomas, 
b. 13 Jan., 1 71 7, was s. of William 
Palfrey and Abigail Briftoe (b. 4 April, 
1683). William, b. 16 Feb., 1682, was 
s. of William Palfrey and Compliance 


82 Dawes Genealogy. 

Gibfon, £fq., b. 1800 ; d. 12 May, 1838; had iflue: 

• yohn Gardiner \ ^ Charles H, 
(h) William^ b. 13 April, 1806 ; grad. Harv. Coll. 1827 ; d. 12 

Nov., 1835. 
(i) A dau.j b. 27 Aug., 1808. 
(j) Almiray b. 13 Dec, 1809 ; d. 20 July, 1847 > ™- 3 Sept., 

1838, Walter C. Green, Efq., of N. Y., and had iflue : 

1 Sarah H. ; « Walter H. 

aHilliam BatoejS, 3r.^ (William ^ Thomas', Ambros*, 
William \ the patriot, of whom a full account has already 
been given, was born April 6th, 1745 ; died Feb. 25th, 1799. 
He married Mehitable May, on May 3rd, 1768. She was 
bom Aug. 6th, 1751; died 061. 28th, 1793, and was the 
daughter of Samuel May, of Boflon, and Catherine Mears.** 
After her death, William married Lydia Gendall, Nov. 
1 8th, 1795. She was born June 7th, 1762; died Aug. 
nth, 1809. Lydia left about $4,000, by will, dated Feb. 
25th, 1809, to her daughter, with bequefts to her fiflers, 
Sarah Blake and Sarah Prefcott, and her brother-in-law, 
Jofeph Frances, and to certain* religious purpofes. 

William and Mehitable had iflue : — 

(i) Hannah, b. 12 Feb., 1769, bapt. Feb. 17 ; m. Benjamin Gold- 
thwait, 8 Odt, 1793, grandfon of Story Dawes above, and 


•* Samuel, b. 17 Feb., 1723, s. of May and Prudence Bridge. John, b. 
Ebenezer May and Abigail Gore. 1663, s. of John of England, b. 1631, 
Ebenezer, b. 19 061., 1692, s. of John s. of John, b. 1590. 

> ) ', 

r ■.»■'.■ 



Dawes Genealogy. 83 

had one ch. who d. in birth. Benjamin d. ii Dec, 1796; 
and on 2 Feb., 1800, fhe m. Judge Daniel Newcomb,** of 
Keene, N.H., great-great-grandfon of Francis Newcomb, who 
came over in the " Planter " with William Dawes ^ She d. 2 
Sept, 185 1. They had iflue : — 

(a) A/on who d. in birth. 

(b) Hannah Dawes ^ b. 22 Feb., 1803, of Westminfler, Vt, 


(c) William Dawes^ b. 26 July, 1804 ; d. Aug. 19. 

(d) Francis^ b. 20 Feb., 1807 ; d. May 18. 

(e) Harriet^ b. 3 June, 1809 ; m. i Feb. 1835, Frederic Weft 

Holland,** and had iflue: ^Frederic May, b. 2 May, 
1836, Harv. Coll. 1859, Div. Sch. 1862, m. 6 Sept., 1864, 
s. p., Anna Maria Bicknell, dau. Nathaniel Bicknell and 
Julia Blake, of Rockford, 111. ; ^ Sarah Ellen, b. 18 May, 

1838, d. 13 July, 1843 ; • Charles Follen, b. 9 Nov., 

1839, d. 19 June, 1842; ^ Emma Elizabeth Pugh, b. 8 
061., 1841 ; ^ Henry Ware, b. 20 Mar., 1844, Dane Law 
Sch. 1867 \ ^Herbert, b. 28 Nov., 1845 > '^Florence, b. 15 
July, 1848; ^Arthur, b. 22 Sept., 1850, Harv. Coll. 

(f) Lucretia, b. 26 06t., 1S12 ; d. 6 Sept., 1823. 

(2) William Mears, b. 26 Dec, 1771 ; d. 061., 1855 ; m. Abby 
Kendall Holden, Sept. 26, 1795, daughter of Jonas Holden, 
Jr. She was b. March i, 1781. He moved from Bofton to 


•• Hon. Daniel Newcomb, of Keene, 1648. Peter was s. of Francis, b. abt. 

N. H., b. 19 Apr., 1747; Harv. Coll. 1605, in Enj^., d. 27 May, 1692. See 

1768; delegate to Conft. Con v. 1781, Newcomb Gen. 

C. J. Cheftiire Co. 1790, J. Sup. Ct. *» prederic, Harv. Coll. 1831, Cambr. 

N. H., and Senator twice; d. 14 July, Div. Sch. 1834, s. of Capt John Hol- 

1818. By his firft w., Sarah Stearns, land, b. 26 Jan., 1758, and Sarah May, 

he had 10 ch. He was s. of Jonathan b. 18 June, 1772, dau. Sam. May (f.-in- 

Newcomb, cordwainer of Norton, b. lawofWm. Dawes, laft page) and Abi- 

13 May, 1711, d. 19 Nov., 1802, and gail Williams, his 2d w. Capt. John 

Mercy, dau. John and Mercy Everett, was s. of John Holland, b. 11 Sept., 

of Dedham, b. 29 July, 1710. Jona- 1726, and Elizabeth, b. 15 July, 1729, 

than was s. of Jonathan and Deborah dau. William and Dorcas Fallas. John 

Newcomb, of Braintree, b. i Mar., was s. of Thos. and Ann iluUaud of 

1686, d. in fervice againil the French. Bofton. 
Jonathan was s. of Peter, b. 16 May, 

84 Dawes Genealogy. 

Thomaflon, Me., in 1800; was appointed furveyor and infpec- 
tor of the port by Prelident Jefferfon, 8 Feb., 1809, and repre- 
fented the town in the firft conftitutional convention of the 
State. In 1817, he moved to Morgan County, Ohio, where, in 
1819, he was foreman of the firft grand jury; and he was the 
firft poftmafter, and fet up the firft carding-machine and diftillery 
in the county. He was a Whig in politics, and reprefented 
the counties of Walhington and Morgan in the General Af- 
fembly of the State for 1821-22. He was aflbciate judge of 
Morgan County for feven years, from Jan. 21, 1823. In 1834, 
he moved to Licking County, where he fpent the reft of his 
energetic and honored life. He had iflue : — 

(a) Charles May, b. 15 Aug., 1797, d. unm. 

(b) William^ b. 2 Aug., 1799 'y ™' ^^ Nov., 1820, Sally Rice 

(b. 2 Nov., 1793), and, 2d, m. i Dec., 185 1, Lucy Ann 
Birchard (b. 26 Dec, 18 10). Harriet Martineau, writing 
of an interview with him in regard to Oberlin Coll., for 
which he labored for years, fays : " He melted us all pref- 
ently. It gives me great pleafure to recognize the fine 
American qualities which I ufed to admire there ; the 
glorious faith and piety, together with the ftirewdnefs 
and bufinefs-like character of mind, fublime when ap- 
plied to philanthropic inftead of felfifh affairs." Wil- 
liam had iflue : — 
1 WiUiam Jafon, b. 21 Oa., 1825 ; d. 2 Oa., 1826. 
* William ^qfon, b. 22 June, 1827 ; grad. Oberlin Col. ; 
Capt. of Co. D. Wis. Vol., was promoted to maj., 
wounded at the battle of Corinth; entered reg. 
ferv. as I ft lieut. ; now lawyer and banker, in part- 
nerfhip at Fox Lake, Wis., with his brother Julius 
H., below; m. 27 Dec, 1847, Sarah P. Alexander 
of Winchefter, N.H. Iflue: Frances Anna, b. 3 
Dec, 1848, m. II May, 187 1, James William Dawes, 
s. of Edward Dawes, below, of Crete, Neb. ; yames 
yulius, b. II Jan., 185 1, d. 26 May, 1864 ; William 
Alexander, b. 23 Feb., 1866. 

• Julius Holden^ 

Dawes Genealogy. 85 

* yulius Holdcriy b. 7 May, 1832 ; grad. at Oberlin 

Col. ; major U. S. A., and feverely wounded at the 

battle of luka in the Rebellion, Vice-Pres. and 

Treas. of Olivet Coll. of Fox Lake ; in partnerfhip 

there with his brother William J., above, unm. 

(c) George^ b. 25 Odl., 1801, of Ripon., Wis.; d. 10 06t, 

1869; m. 6 March, 1825, Elizabeth Ames,^ and had 

. iflue: — 

* George Sylvanus^ b. 2 Dec, 1825, in Morgan County, 

Ohio, now a "large and fuccefsful agriculturift ; " 
m. 4 April, 1847, L* Adelia Graves (b. 24 Jan., 
1829, of Licking County), and had iffue : Cynthia 
jE., b. 7 May, 1848, m. 4 Nov., 1869, Thomas I. 
Beith (b. 06i., 1848), and had iffue, — Anna, b. 23 
July, 1870, and George A., b. June, 1873 ; Frank 
jff., b. 22 May, 1849; yames Elbert^ b. 6 Jan., 
1 85 1, d. 10 Sept., 1861 ; Laura E.y b. 22 Feb., 
1853 ; Charlotte E.^ b. 14 06t., 1854, d. 28 March, 
1856 ; Charlie jE"., b. 26 061., 1856 ; George jE"., b. 
20 Sept., 1858 ; Henry E,^h. 17 Sept., i860 ; Willie 
jE"., b. 29 Jan., 1862; yohn A,,b. 21 June, 1866; 
Grace A,, b. 10 April, 1870 ; and Richmond Jj/l, b. 
7 Sept., 1872. 

^ Edwardy b. 25 Dec, 1827 ; d. 20 May, 1833. 

^ Hector^ b. 17 July, 1830; m. 12 March, 1857, Jane 
A. Ruggles, and had iffue, — Frederic A., William 
R., Maggie, Effie, Edward G., and Raymond. 

* Julia, b. IS July, 1833. 

^ Nabbie, b. 6 Dec, 1835 > ^* 4 ^^-y ^^5^* 

• Edmundy 

^ Elizabeth Ames, b. 11 March, Sylvanus was s. of Captain Thomas 

1800, dau. Judge Sylvanus Ames, b. Ames, b. 6 Feb., 1707. Thomas was 

26 March, 1771, in Brids;ewater, and s. of Captain Thomas, b. 21 Feb., 

Nabby Lee Johnfon, who went to 1682. Thomas was s. of John, b. 24 

Ames Townfhip, N. W. Territory, in March, 1647, of Braintree, and Sarah 

1798. Sylvanus was s. of Rev. Syl- Willis. John was s. of William, b. 6 

vanus Ames, b. 20 Jan., 1744, grad. 061., 1605, and Hannah Ames, of 

Harv. Coll., and d. at Valley Forge. Somerfetfhire, England. 

86 Dawes Genealogy. 

^ Edmund^ b. 5 Aug., 1839, officer of U. S. A. ; killed 
7 Dec, 1862, under the colors of the 20th Wis. 
Reg. at the battle of Chaplin Hills, 
(d) Henry^ b. 4 May, 1804 ; d. 4 Nov., 1867, a wealthy mer- 
chant of Malta, Ohio ; m. 20 Jan., 1829, Sarah Cutler 
(b. 17 April, 1809), dau. Hon. Eph. Cutler, of Walhing- 
ton County, Ohio, and had iffue : — 

^ Lucretia Catherine, b. 13 March, 1830; d. 23 Sept., 
1866 ; m. 16 Feb., 1864, Rev. Samuel Agnew Mc- 
Lean. Iffue: Sarah Catherine, b. 23 May, 1866, 
and d. 3 Sept., 1875. (Mr. McLean grad. Can- 
nonfburg Coll., Penn., minifler of Prefbyterian 
Chh., fettled in Clarkfville, and afterward Weft 
Alexander, Penn.) 

^ Henry Manaffeihy b. 11 March, 1832 ; grad. Marietta 
Coll. 1835 j admitted to the bar 1858 ; d. 13 Aug., 

^Lucy, b. 5 Dec, 1833. 

^ Sarah Jane, b. 9 Jan., 1836 ; m. 28 July, 1859, Rev. 
John Hafkell Shedd." Iffue: Charles Rufus, b. 
26 Dec, 1861 ; William Ambrofe, b. 24 Jan., 1865 ; 
Sarah Rhea, b. 9 Aug., 1866, d. 21 Aug., 1874; 
John Cutler, b. 30 June, 1868 ; Ephraim Cutler, b. 
20 Aug., 1872. 

^ Rufus Republic, b. 4 July, 1838 ; grad. Marietta Coll. 
i860; volunteered 25 April, 1861, and was chofen 
capt. of Co. K, 6th Wis. Reg., in Army of 
the Potomac; appointed maj. June 21, 1862, 
and as fuch ferved in battles of Rappahan- 
nock, Gainefville, Bull Run 2d, South Mountain, 


" John Hafkell Shedd, b. 9 July, Coll. ; m. Mary Gerrifh. Henry was 

1833, at Mount Gilead, Ohio, mifrion- s. of John Halkell Shedd, b. 1771, and 

ary in Perfia and afterw. prof, in the Sufannah White, b. 1783. John was 

fen. for freedmen at Charlotte, N. C. ; s. of Abel Shedd, b. 1743, and Ruth 

s. of Rev. Henry Shedd, b. at Jaffrey, Hafkell, b. 1743. 
N. H., 16 May, 1803 ; grad. at Dartm. 

Dawes Genealogy. 87 

Antietam, and Frederickf burg ; appointed lieut- 
col. 24 March, 1863, and took part in battles 
of Fitz Hughs's Croffing, Chancellorfville, Get- 
tyfburg, Mine Run, Wildemefs, Spottfylvania, 
Laurel Hill, Jericho Ford, North Anna, Bethefda 
Church, Peterfburg, and the following fiege and 
mine explofion. He was appointed col. July 6, 
1864, and brevet brig. -gen. 13 March, 1865 ; 
was fixty-two days under fire ; commanded his 
reg. in the battles of Antietam, Gettyfburg, Spott- 
fylvania, Laurel Hill, Jericho Ford, Peterfburg, 
and the operations around. At Antietam, 62 per 
cent of his men were killed or wounded. At 
Gettylburg, he charged and captured the 2d 
Mifs., lofing 200 men, killed and wounded, from 
his own reg. Maj.-Gen. Doubleday (command- 
ing Firfl Corps), in his official report of the 
adion, fays : " The moment was a critical one, 
involving the defeat, perhaps the utter rout, of our 
forces. I immediately fent for the Sixth Wifconfin, 
— a gallant body of men, whom I knew could be 
relied upon. Forming them rapidly upon the 
enemy's fiank, I diredted them to attack immedi- 
ately. Their commander. Lieutenant-colonel Dawes, 
ordered a charge, which was gallantly executed ; " 
and he "proved himfelf to be one of the ableft 
officers on the field." The regiment entered the 
Wildernefs with 25 officers and 347 men, of whom 
226 were killed or wounded during the campaign 
ending at Peterfburg. On i8th Jan., 1864, Gen. 
Dawes m. Mary Beman Gates, dau. Beman and 
Betfey S. Gates. Betfey was dau. Col. Charles and 
Joanna (Bartlett) Shipman. Gen. Dawes had by 
her Charles Gates, b. Aug. 27, 1865 ; Rufus Cutler, 
b. 30 July, 1867 ; Beman Gates, b. 14 Jan., 1870; 
Mary Frances, b. 3 Mar., 1872. 

• Ephraim Cutler 

_ m 

88 Dawes Genealogy. 

* Ephraitn Cutler (fometimes called Daniel Webfler), b. 

27 May, 1840 ; grad. Marietta Coll. 1861 ; muftered 
into fervice as firft lieut and adj. of 53d R^. 
O. V. M., 26 Sept., 1861 ; maj., 26 Jan., 1863 \ 
ferved under Sherman on his Miffiifippi campaign, 
from Big Black to Chattanooga, and in purfuit of 
Longfb'eet acrofs the mountains of £a(l Tenneffee, 
in Nov. and Dec, 1863, ^^ ^^^ rations, without bag- 
gage or tents ; ferved in Sherman's Georgia cam- 
paign, and had his horfe fhot under him at Refaca. 
At Dallas, Ga., 28 May, 1864, he received two 
wounds, one very fevere. Brevetted lieut.-col., and 
honorably difcharged on account of wounds, 31 
06t., 1864. He was engaged in the battles of Pittf- 
burg Landing (Shiloh), Fallen Timbers, fiege of 
Corinth, liege of Vickfburg, Jackfon, Miifion Ridge, 
Refaca, and Dallas. He m. 20 June, 1866, the 
coufm of his lifler-in-law, M. Frances Bofworth, 
dau. Sala Bofworth and Joanna (Shipman) Bof- 
worth, dau. Colonel Charles and Joanna Shipman, 
(e) Edward^ b. 16 June, 1807, now d., a fucceOsful phyiician 

in McConnellfville, Ohio ; m. 22 June, 1837, Caroline (b. 

26 Sept, 1813), dau. Benjamin Dana, and had iffue: — 

* Benjamin Dana^ b. 14 May, 1838 ; d. 19 July, 1874 ; 

m. 14 Feb., 1866, Addie G. Croome (b. 29 June, 
1844), and had iffue: Caroline F., b. 27 Aug., 1867. 

» Charlotte Eliza, b. 4 Od., 1840. 

^Eunice, b. 18 Dec, 1842. 

* yames William, b. 8 Jan., 1844 ; m. his'coz, Frances 

Anna, dau. William and Sally Dawes, above ; is in 
bufmefs in Crete, Neb., with his brother, following. 

* yohn Winche/ter, b. 8 July, 1846, in partneHhip with 

James William. 
^ Mary Caroline, b. 21 Jan., 1849. 
(Q yames Thomfon, b. 13 June, 1809 ; d. 21 Sept., 1840 ; m. 

26 Sept, 

Dawes Genealogy. 89 

26 Sept., 1838, Nancy Fitch," and had iffue: Mary Fitch, 
b. 18 Aug., 1839, "^' 5 June, 1861, William Hanford Ray- 
mond,*' and had iffue, Isabel, b. 16 Jan., 1864. 
(g) Mary Holden^ b. 18 OA., 181 1 ; m. 8 May, 1845, Edgar 
Birge Ellfworth, of Hudfon, Ohio, and had iffue : — 
^Edward 2?., b. 30 July, 1847 \ "^* 27 March, 1867, 
Emma Thompfon, and had iffue : Freddie T., b. 
8 Od., 1867, and Mary A., b. 28 Nov., 1870. 
* yames W.^ b. 13 Odl., 1849 \ ™- 4 Nov., 1874, Eva 

^ Henry E., b. 9 Sept., 185 1 ; m. 28 0<5t., 1874, Ella 

^ Frank a, b. 28 Oa., 1853. 
(h) yane^ b. 20 Nov., 18 13; m. 20 May, 1840, Lyman W. 
Rofe, of Alexander, Licking Co., Oh., s. of Helon Rofe, 
and had iffue : Emily, b. 20 Feb., 1841, m. Miner Y. 
Ames, and had iffue ; d. 4 May, 1877 ; Henry D., b. 
1843, "full of genial manly qualities," enl. in fpring of 
1 86 1 in 17 Reg. Oh. Vol. Inf. ; on expiration of his term, 
returned to Oberlin Coll., but enliftcd again in 1862, in 
the 76th Oh. Vol. Inf. He was in Sherman's unfuc- 
cefsful attack on Vickfburg, and d. by lightning, 15 Feb., 
1863, in camp, 
(i) yohn, b. 7 Dec, 18 15 ; d. 19 July, 1876 ; m. 10 Sept., 
1845, Mary M. Van Dorn (b. 13 May, 1823), and had 
iffue : — 
^ William Van Dorn, b. i June, 1846 ; m. 5 Dec, 1868, 

Mary R. W. Van Houten (b. 1847). 

* Kate, 

•• Nancy Fitch, b. II Dec, 1807, dau. filler of Sarah Hanford, laft note), 

of Wm. Fitch and Sarah Hanford (b. Nathaniel, b. 9 May, 1778, s. of 

May, 1770, dau. of John Hanford and Nathaniel Raymond and Rebeckah 

Meh. Comftock). Wm.,b. 13 Feb., 1768, Benedidl (b. Aug., 1741). Nathaniel, 

s. of Timothy Fitch and Efther Pratt, b. 1742, s. of John Raymond. John, 

Timothy, b. 1735, s. of Thos. Fitch, b. 19 May, 1693, s. of John Raymond 

Gov. of Conn., and Hannah Hall. and Elizabeth Senfion (b. Apr., 1673).' 

•^ William Hanford Raymond, b. 31 John, b. 9 Sept., 1665, s. of John Ray- 

Mav, 1822, s. of Nathaniel Raymond mond and Mary Betts. John, s. of 

ana Mary Hanford (b. 8 June, 1782, Richard Raymond, of Salem, in 1662. 


90 Dawes Genealogy. 

*Kat€, b. 17 Feb., 1848 ; d. 5 Jan., 1854. 

* Mary May, b. 11 May, 1850; d. 12 Nov., 1863. 

* yane Rofe^ b. 2 May, 1852 ; m. 23 Dec., 1875, Samuel 

A. Wilfon (b. 3 May, 1842). 

• Caroline A,y b. 10 Dec, 1853. 
^ MagdaletUy b. 29 March, 1857. 
' Harry ^ b. 26 April, 1859. 

® y, Edmund^ b. 23 Dec, 1862. 

(3) Samuel May, b. 26 Feb., 1773, bapt. Feb. 28 ; d. 12 May, 1776. 

(4) Mehetabel, b. 4 Nov., 1774, bapt Nov. 6 ; d. 20 April, 1776. 

(5) Charles May, b. 23 Feb., 1776 ; went to Maine in the emigra- 

tion about the end of the century, and afterward to New 
Brunfwick j m. Sarah McFarland, 13 Nov., 1796 ((he b. 26 
April, 1780, d. 28 Sept., 181 1), and d. 18 J>ine, 1853. They 
bad iffue : — 

(a) Hannah^ b. 1 7 April, 1 797, in Briftol, Mafs. ; m. 1 1 July, 
18 19, Simeon Howe, Efq., lumber-miller and (hip-builder, 
of Whiting, Me., and St. George, N.B., a thorough-going 
temperance man and Univerfalift, known for his honefty 
and kindnefs, b. 1798, d. 4 Aug., 1857, s. of Tilley 
Howe and Sufanna Puffer, of New Hampdiire. Hannah 
and Simeon had iffue : — 
^ Henry Newcomb^ b. 8 May, 1820 ; m. 18 April, 1843, 

Rebecca Hall, of St. George. 
** A twin brother y b. 8 May, 1820, d. i6th. 
° y antes Simeon^ b. 28 Feb., 1822 ; m. i Aug., 1843, 

Clementina Seelye. 
** Warren^ b. 20 Odl., 1823 \ d. 6 Od., 1849. 

• Hannah Dawes, b. x6 July, 1825 ; m. 22 Jan., 1846, 

Hon. Arthur Hill Gillmor, M. P. (b. 12 March, 
1824), and had four children : /. ^., Delia AuguRa, 
b. 13 Sept., 1847, *"• 30 J^"'> '^7S> Thomas Dick, 
M.D. (b. 12 0(51., 1840), and has a dau. ; Daniel, 
b. I July, 1849 ; Henry Edward, b. 16 Sept., 1851 ; 
and Percy Howe, b. 7 Sept., 1862. 
* Lucretia Dawes, b. 5 March, 1827; m. 31 Aug., 1843, 


Dawes Genealogy. 91 

Henry Edward Seelye, brother of Clementina, 
above, of St. George, N.B., collector of cuftoms at 
Kootenai, B.C., b. 1819, d. 27 March, 1876. 

' Levi Folfom^ b. i Jan., 1829 ; d. 28 April, 1847. 

^ Harriet^ b. 30 Nov., 1830; m. 11 0<5t., 1857, James 
Alexander Davidfon. 

' Albion Pratt, b. 8 Jan., 1833 ; loft in the battle of the 
Wildernefs, in Virginia, 10 May, 1864, after three 
years* fervice in Co. D, 5th Reg. Wis. Vol., and 
probably d. at the Anderfonville prifon ; unm. 

^ Sarah Maria, b. 16 Feb., 1839; ni. 10 Nov., 1858, 

Henry A. Beckwith, of Berlin, Wis. ; d. in Vallejo, 

Cal., 24 Sept., 1874. 

(b) William McFarland, b. 4 Aug., 1799 ; d. 2 Aug., 1850, 

at Fort Winnebago, Wis. ; m. Rachel Saunders (b. 1797, 

d. 20 Odl., 1850) in 1820, and had iflue : — 

* Sally, b. 1821 ; d. in infancy. 

^ Sufan yane,h. 22 Feb., 1824 ; d. Dec, 1850; m. John 
Kennedy, July, 1843, and had four ch. : Sufan Jane, 
b. 31 July, 1844, m. David Lewis, 5 Sept., 1859, and 
had fix ch. ; Lucretia Dawes, b. 23 Dec, 1845, ^* 
0(51., 1850 ; John, b. 15 May, 1848 ; William F., 
b. 4 Aug., 1850. 

^Rachel, b. 18 Sept., 1825; m. Ezra Knight, 2 Sept., 
1843, ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^- • Lewis E., b. 8 July, 1844, 
enl. in i6th Wis. Vol., killed at battle of Shiloh, 
April 6, 1862 ; Ofcar, b. 24 Nov., 1846, d. 185 1 ; 
Wefley, b. 19 Feb., 1848, d. 1849 \ Maria Alice, b. 
28 May, 1852, m. William Wook, June, 1869, and 
has two ch. ; Ida A., b. 23 July, 1863 ; Ezra Lin- 
coln, b. I Feb., 1865. 

^ Irene 71, b. Jan., 1830 ; m. James L. Robinfon, May, 

1850, and had nine ch. : Jofeph William, b. 6 Nov., 

185 1, m. Oretta Whipple, 24 Nov., 1873, s. p. ; Laura 
Annette, b. 5 Nov., 1853, m. Leonard Day, 15 Feb., 
1874, one ch. ; Jeffie, d. young; James A., b. 11 


92 Dawes Genealogy. 

061., 1859 i Emma Irene, b. 23 Feb., 1863 ; John 
Alvah, b. 3 March, 1865 ; George Herbert, b. 29 
April, 1869 ; Orman, d. young ; a dau. d. young. 
^ Hannah^ b. Jan., 1830; m. John T. Kingflon, of 
Necedah, Wis., 17 June, 1851, and had eleven ch. : 
Ida M., b. 29 June, 1852, m. Jay Jennings, 16 Nov^ 

187 1, and had three ch. ; a dau., b. i April, 1854, 
d. fame day ; Wilber J., b. 11 Feb., 1855, d. 25 July, 
1856; William P., b. 17 Feb., 1857; John T., b. 4 
Jan., i860 ; Arthur L., b. 18 Feb*, 1862 ; Mary B., 
b. 19 Dec, 1863 ; Frank W., b. 14 Feb., 1866, d. 
22 Nov. ; Edith G., b. 8 Od., 1867 ; Charles D., 
b. 21 Dec, 1869, d. young; Una E., b. 11 March, 

1872, d. 12 Aug., 1875. 

• William 7^, b. March, 1832 ; m. Dora White, 12 

Sept., 1858, no iffue; enl. as capt. in i6th Wis. Vol. 
in 1862 ; ferved until June, 1865, ranking as maj. ; 
m. (fecond w.) Minona Auflin, 1876, s. p. 
' Charles 7^, b. March, 1834 ; m. Sarah M. Sarles, 
1858, fix ch. : Mary B., b. 10 Dec, 1859 > George 
E., b. 14 May, 1862; Carrie, b. 14 March, 1864; 
Charles F., b. 6 Feb., 1866; William K, b. 15 May, 
1873 ; and Grace E., b. 6 April, 1875. 

• George S,, b. March, 1838 ; m. Mary Saunders, Jan., 

1866, s. p. ; enl. in 4th Wis. Vol. 1861, and ferved 
through the war. 
(c) Charles y b. 19 May, i8oi ; m. Mrs. Anna Smith, dau. 

Dowling, in 1823 ; moved to Wis. in 1850 ; d. 

1861. Anna d. 1862, and Charles m. again a widow, 
Amarilla Harris, 14 Sept., 1862 Had iffue : — 
^ Mahitable May, b. i Feb., 1824 ; m. Smith Walker, 
of St. George, N.B., 21 Jan., 1847 (Smith d. 27 
Aug., 1854), and had iffue : Edward V., b. 7 June, 
1848, d. 20 June, 1856 ; William R., b. 20 Jan., 
1850, m. Nick Willoughby, 22 Nov., 1874, and had 
iffue ; Clara F., b. 26 Jan., 1852, m. William L. 


Dawes Genealogy. 93 

Frogatt, 2 April, 1872, and had iffue ; William S., b. 
29 Sept., 1854, d. Nov. 15. Mahitable May m. 
again Alfred C. Smith, 28 Nov., 1858, and had 
further iffue : Horace D., b. 2 Feb., i860 ; Byron, 
b. 16 Sept., 1862, d. 22 Aug., 1863 ; and Charles 
E., b. 6 Nov., 1864. 
^ Sarah Ann, b. 13 Dec, 1825 ; m. Reuben Huntley, 
of Eaft Machias, Me., 4 July, 1844. Reuben was 
Corp. 6th Wis. Vol., and fell at the battle of South 
Mountain, Va., 14 Sept., 1862. They had three ch. : 
Albert, b. 10 June, 1846 ; m. Alice Morris 25 Dec, 
1873, and has iffue ; Adams, b. 15 July, 1856, d. 19 
Jan., 1873 ; Irving, b. 15 May, 1859, d. Nov. 12. 

* Elizabeth ^ b. 19 April, 1827 ; m. Thomas Wefton, of 

Necedah, Wis., 7 May, 1852, and had iffue: Helen, 
b. 18 May, 1852, m. Owen King i June, 187 1, and 
had three ch. ; Hiram Irving, b. 19 Dec, 1854; 
May, b. 17 June, 1857 ; John C., b. 22 Feb., 1859, 
d. 6 Aug., i860 ; Emma, b. 26 July, 186 1 ; Hattie 
A., b. 5 May, 1863 ; Laura A., b. 7 May, 1865 ; 
Elizabeth, b. 26 Nov., 1867 ; Dolly, b. i March, 

* Aimira, b. 6 May, 1829 ; d. 31 Dec, 1855. 

* ColumbuSy b. 6 July, 1831 ; d. 10 June, 1853. 

* l^hatcher yames^ b. 20 May, 1S33 ; m. Mary Jane 

Deo, of Calais, Me., 1858, and had five ch. : Antis 
Canfield, b. 19 Dec, 1859 ; Henry Rufus, b. 22 
July, 1861 ; Annie E., b. 2 July, 1864; Lillian May, 
b. 9 Dec, 1872 ; Avis Winnifred, b. 22 July, 1874. 

(d) George^ b. 9 May, 1803 ; d. young. 

(e) Robert^ b. 28 July, 1804 ; m. 1829, Lavinia Pomeroy, of 

St. James, N.B., and had eight children, fix living, 
viz. : — 
^ George ^., of Perlee, Iowa, m. Harriet H., dau. of 
Pratt Dawes, below, and had feven children, fix 


94 Dawes Genealogy. 

living, viz., — Adelia, Eva M., Laura A., Frank W., 
Robert W., Harriet M. 

* yohn P,y of Auflralia ; m. and has fix children. 

' Sarah E.^ m. Martin Gleafon, of Iowa, and has iffue. 

* Mary Anu, m. Fuller, of Iowa. 

* JViUiam, of Iowa, m. 

* Lavinay m. Edward Ulm, of Iowa. 

(f) Pratt, b. 22 July, 1806; d. 1853; m. 1831, Mehitable 

Pomeroy, of St. James, N. B., and had nine children, 
feven living, viz. : — 
'^Harriet Holland, b. 13 Sept., 1832; m. George W. 
Dawes (fon of Robert), and had iflue as above. 

* yames J/, b. 29 March, 1835 '> "^' Mary L. Wills, 

widow, dau. Baffett, and had fix children, five 

living : Alva P., b. 29 Aug., 1868 ; Frank E., b. 25 
06t., 1869 ; James L., b. 6 Aug., 187 1 ; Charles H., 
b. 10 June, 1873; Arthur L., b. 31 July, 1874; 
Ella M., b. 24 April, 1876, d. young. 

* Malijffa A^ b. 22 Feb., 1837 ; d. 

* Luanda, b. 3 May, 1839. 

* Margaret A,, b. ; m. Charles Baffett, of 

Neb., firft lieut. i6th Wis. Vol., and afterward capt. ; 

has no iffue. 
^ MahitabU, b. 16 March, 184^; m. Wentworth Dow, 

ferved through the war in the i6th Wis. Vol. Iflue : 

Howard P., b. 10 Jan., 1867 ; Harry J., b. 4 Oct., 

1869 ; Pratt G., b. 24 Dec, 1872. 
' yojliua Pratt, b. 25 Feb., 1845 \ "*• Sophia Allen, s. p. 
^ Irene F.,h. 28 April, 1847; "™- Spencer Abbott, 11 

March, 1868, one ch., Irmie Emma, b. 22 July, 187 1. 

* George Frank, b. 27 Jan., 1850 ; m. Sarah Phelps, 

4 July, 1874, two ch. : Leonard Pratt, b. i April, 
1875 \ ^"^ Georgianna, b. 25 July, 1876. 

(g) Frank, b. 16 Jan., 1809 ; m. about 1842, Elizabeth 

; d. 1850, having three ch. : — 

^ Sarah E*, 

Dawes Genealogy. 


^ Sarah £.y m. Ira Sanas, who d. in fervice in i6th 

Wis. Vol., having one ch. 
^ Franky enlifled in i6th Wis. Vol., and was killed 

during the war. 
• CharUSy d. fome years fince in Indiana, 
(h) Sarah, b. 12 Nov., 18 10; m. George Gunnifon, of Ply- 
mouth, Ind., and had two children. 

(6) LucRETiA (dau. William), b. 23 May, 1788 ; d. 20 0<5l., 1855, 

unm. " Confpicuous in the family for her warm intereft in 
her connedlions : a devoted friend, a kind helper, and, with 
moderate means judicioufly ufed, doing much." 
By his fecond wife, Lydia, William had iffue. 

(7) Mehitable May, b. i Sept., 1796; m. 30 Sept., 18 18, Samuel 

Goddard, of Brookline," and had iflue : — 

(a) Louija, b. 17 Dec, 1819; m. John Howe, 9 Mar., 1842, 

and had one ch., Annie Louia, b. i Apr., 1843, and 
afterw. m. Prof. Jofiah Dwight Whitney of Harv. Coll., 
and had Eleanor, b. 29 Nov., 1856. 

(b) Ann Elizabeth, b. 26 July, 182 1 ; d. 18 Aug., 1846. 

(c) Lucretia Dana, b. 15 061., 1823 ; d. 9 Dec, 1833. 

(d) Samuel, b. 20 Oct., 1825 j d. 12 Feb., 1826. 

(e) Harriet Barnes, b. 29 Jan., 1827 ; d. 16 Jan., 1856. 

(f) Eleanor Swan, b. 5 Sept., 1829; d. 11 Sept., 1853; m. 

Frederic Warren Goddard May, and had a ch., Eleanor, 
b. 7 Sept., 1853. 

(g) Samuel, b. 29 Aug., 1832 ; d. 17 Aug., 1833. 

(h) William Dwight, b. 15 March, 1834; d. 21 Sept., 1866. 

(i) yulia, b. 10 Feb., 1837. 

(j) Maurice, b. 26 March, 1840 ; Harv. Coll. 1864. 

^ Samuel Goddard, b. 3 July, 1787, 
d. 13 March, 1871, was fon of Dr. 
John Goddard and Sufanna, b. 27 061., 
1758, dau. of John Heath, of Brookline. 
Dr. John, b. 12 Nov., 1756, was fon 
of Hon. John Goddard and Hannah 
Seaver, b. 16 July, 1735. Hon. John, 
b. 28 May, 1730, was fon of John 
Goddard, of Brookline, and Hannah 

Stone, dau. Jennifon. John, b. 

1699, was fon of Jofeph Goddard and 
Deborah Tread well. Jofeph, b. in 
London 1665, came over 1666, was fon 
of William Goddard and Elizabeth, 
dau. Benjamin Miles. William, came 
over in 1666, was fon of Edward God- 
dard, farmer, of Norf. Co., Eng., and 


iEVERAL other families of Dawes appear in 
the early records; and, as the cuflom was 
to emigrate in families, it is probable that 
they were nearly related to William'. Thefe 
were : — 
Susannah Dawes, who came over in the " Bleffing" in 1635- 

James and Francis Dawes, who had a fon, James, b, in Bofton, 13 
April, 1668. James may have been a fon of William, the head of the 

St, Clement Dawes, who left a widow Mary, and dau. Sarah who m. 
Nathaniel Ridgeway, and perhaps a dau. Hannah who m. Richard Grid- 
ley, 27 Feb., 1674. 

John Dawes, freeholder, but not a free man, of Bofton, ordered by 
the town of Bofton in 1659 to overfee the youth at the new meeting- 
houfe, d. before 1693, leaving a wife, Mary, and three daus. furviving. 
John had fix children : — 

13 (1) /faiert. 

98 Dawes Genealogy. 

(i) Robert^ b. 29 March, 1655. In 1672, his f. was ordered by the 
town of Muddy River to bind him out to fervice. He was 
wounded in the bread at " Pecaflut," in the Indian war in 
1675, and he and his mother applied for his difcbarge, on 
account of poverty and illncfs, 3 Aug., 1676, he being then 
at Hadley. 

(2) Mary^ b. 12 April, 1657 ; d. 1737, unm., leaving her property 

to Elizabeth, " Sufanna being a great way off, and in no 

(3) Samuel^ b. i May, 1660 ; prob. d. young. 

(4) Elizabeth^ b. 24 June, 1661 ; m. Edward Poll, mariner, and 

afterward Holmes. 

(5) Samuel, b. 18 Sept., 1664; prob. the blackfmith of Weymouth 

in her Majefly's fervice ; d. before 1800, s. p., and his wife 
Experience m. Charles Clark, the fuller. 

(6) Sufannay b. 21 Nov., 1666 ; m. Jacob Davis, Ihipwright. 

Samuel Dawes, of Pembroke, b. a little before 1700 ; d. 1750. It is 
faid in " King's Chapel Epitaphs " that Samuel Dawes, of Bridgewater, 
who m. Abigail Kingman, was defcended from Samuel, a brother of Thomas 
Dawes, b. 1680. But Thomas, b. 1680, does not feem to have had any 
brother Samuel ; and in the enumeration of the heirs of his father, Am- 
bros, no Samuel or defcendant of Samuel is mentioned. The Samuel 
Dawes who m. Abigail was fon of Samuel above;* and this Samuel 
may poflibly have fprung from one of Ambroses brothers, but I can 
find no proof of it, and I am compelled to regard the relationihip as 
uncertain. The fa6l, however, that Samuel, Sr., went to Pembroke at 
about the fame time with the grandfon and nephew of Ambros makes a 
relationihip exceedingly probable. The Samuel Dawes genealogy is as 
follows : — 

He bought a great deal of land in Bridgewater about 17 14; and before 
1727 he m. Sarah Howland, of Pembroke, Mafs., where he then lived, and 
had two ch. He then removed to Eafl Bridgewater, where his other ch. 

^ See Hift. Bridgewater, p. 145. 

Dawes Genealogy. 99 

were b. His widow, Sarah, m. Captain Daniel Reed, of Abington, in 
1765, and d. 2 Jan., 1775. Daniel, b. 6 Dec, 1713, d. 5 April, 1781, 
s. of Daniel Reed and Ruth White, s. of William and Alice Reed. 

(1) Robert^ b. about 1722 ; m. Lydia, dau. John Harden, of Abing- 
ton, 1742 ; bought land in Bridgewater in 1747, and became 
a large owner ; was a capt. and "gentleman ; " d. 1755. His 
widow, Lydia, m. Ifaac Tyrrell, of Abington, in 1755, and 
(lie d. in Eaft Bridgewater 1798, aged 76. Iffue : — 

(a) Robert^ b. 1747, of Abington, and afterward of Cumming- 

ton, was a captain ; m. Lydia, dau. Ifaac Tyrrell, of 
Abington, and had iflue : ^ Robert^ a major, and elected 
reprefentative to the General Court ; ^ yonathan^ m. 
Huldah, dau. Captain Edmund Lazcll, eledled repre- 
fentative ; ^ Stifanna^ 1768 • * Lydia^ and other daughters. 
James Shaw, Beriah Shaw, and Eliphalet Packard, all 
of Cummington, m. his daughters. 

(b) Nathan^ b. 1751 ; m. Abigail, dau. of Jacob White, in 

1772, and had iflue : '^Nathan, b. 1775, went to Maine; 

^ yacoby b. 1778; m. Martha Hearfey, 1800, and had 

iflue, a dau. Sylvefter Holmes, b. in Abington ; ' Mary\ 

b. 1781 ; m. Samuel Bicknell, 1800; ^ Abigail ^ b. 1791, 

m. William Hearfey. 

(2) Samuel^ b. 1724, Feb. 24; d. Nov. 5, 1794. He moved from 

Abington to Hampihire County before the Revolutionary war, 

and m. Abigail Kingman in 1755, b. May 19, 1730, d. Feb., 

1808, dau. of Ifaac Kingman. Their children were : — ^ 

(a) Ebcnczer^h, i March, 1756, in Eaft^Ji^ridgewater ; grad. 

Harv. Univ. 1785 ; ordained over the Unitarian Church 

of Scituate, 17 Nov., 1787 ; m. Elizabeth, dau. Colonel 

John Bailey, s. of John Bailey of Hanover, Mafs., in 

1789 (s. of John Bailey, s. of John Bailey, s. of John 

Bailey who m. Sarah White in 1672, and d. 17 18, both 

of Scituate). Ebenezer d. 29 Sept. 1791. "His perfon 

was pleafmg, his complexion fair, his manners fuch as 

might difarm enmity, and in all gentlenefs and meeknefs 

that adorn the Chriftian charadier he was nobly accom- 


lOo Dawes Genealogy. 

plilhed." His widow, " a lady of very pleafing perfonal 
accomplifhments/' m. John Luc^, of Brookline, Mafs. 
(he had previoufly m. Hannah, dau. Wm. Dawes), and, 
after his death, the venerable Dr. Williams, of Deer- 
field, Mafs., whom (he furvived. She had no ch., except 
by her firft hufb. Their iffue were: * WiUiam^ b. 9 
April, 1790, m. dau. William Torrey, of Pembroke, and 
refided in Taunton, Mafs., North Yarmouth, Me^ and 
Hanover, Mafs., where he d. 9 Feb., 1867 ; ^ Ebauaety 
b. in Scituate, i March, 1791, Med. Sch. in Boflon in 
181 1, edablifhed in pradice in Taunton in 1813, and 
remained there until his d., nearly fifty years later, m. 
7 March, 1822, Sarah Whitehom Cooke, dau. Daniel 
, Cooke (loth child of Nicholas Cooke, Governor of 

^' Rhode Ifland, i774-77^and Sarah Whitehorn, of New- 

port, R.I.{|. Previous to her marriage to Ebenezer, (he had 
m. Oliver Shepard, merchant, of Wrentham, Mais., by 
whom (he had one child, Oliver H. Shepard, afterward 
of New York City. " She was a very pious, eflimable* 
and lovely woman, and was univerfally beloved. Her 
hufband was mod tenderly attached to her." She d. of 
confumption, 29 Sept., 1838, aged 49. He was courteous 
and benevolent, and of excellent profefiional repute, and 
d. 20 April, 1861, of hemorrhage, contradted while at- 
tending a poor patient (cf. long notice of him in Briilol 
Co. Rep., 17 April, 1868). They had iffue: Sarah 
Elizabeth, m. N. M. Childs, of Syracufe, N. Y. ; Eben- 
ezer, preached in the Congregational Church of Dighton, 
Mafs.; James Lincoln, afterward of New York City; 
Daniel Cooke, afterward of New York City; Charles 
Edward, d. in infancy, 
(b & c) Betty and Sarah^ b. 1758. 

(d) Samuel, b. Dec. 6, 1760; d. 16 Jan., 1851 ; m. 3 Sept, 
1785, Lydia Torrey, b. 15 Feb., 1765 ; d. 4 March, 1844. 
They had iffue : 

* Su/anna/if b. 30 March, 1788 ,• d. 25 Dec, i860 ; m. 

S Aug., 1805, 

Dawes Genealogy. loi 

5 Aug., 1805, Chauncey Brooks, who d. 16 May, 
1863. Iflue : Chauncey W. Brooks, 

* yofeph^ b. 26 061., 1789 ; d. 17 Aug., 1790. 

* Hervey, b. i July, 1791; d. 17 Nov., 1753 ; m. 10 V^Si 

0<5t., 1811, Betfey Swift, who d. ii Apr., 1861. 

Iflue : Orrm^ of Ohio, m. Sanderfon ; 

Lydia^ m. Horace Coleman, of Windfor ; Sylvia, 
m. Thomas S. Stillman, of Ohio ; Calvin 5., of 
Chicopee, m. Diantha Damon ; Rojina, m. Mark 
Wells, of Niagara. 

* Ophir, b. 19 Apr., 1795; d. 20 Dec, 1870; m. 16 

Oa., 181 7, Drufilla Thayer, of Crowell, Penn., 
who d. abt. 1872. Iflue: Drufilla^ m. Francis 
Dimick ; yofeph (7., m. Elizabeth Dimick ; Mi- 
randa^ m. John Jillfon. 

* Samuel^ b. 19 June, 1798 ; m. 9 Feb., 1830, Philenia, 

dau. of David Hume, who d. abt. 1840. Ifliie : 
Harriet F.y b. 24 Dec, 1830, m. 23 Mar., 1853, 
Charles W. Bowker, M.D., of Bernardfl;on, 
Mafs. ; LucUia E,^ b. 10 Jan., 1834, m. 8 Sept., 
1853, George D. Crittenden, of Shelburne Falls, 
Mafs. Samuel, m. 2d w. 30 June, 1842, Cordelia 
S., dau. of Afa H. Capen, b. 14 March, 1812. 
Iflue: Melona C, b. 9 Sept., 1846, m. 4 June, 
1865, H. Clark Packard, of Plainfield, Mafs. 
(e) yohny b. 4 March, 1763 ; d. 20 Nov., 1848; m. 20 Nov., 

1794, Dolly Shaw, b. 30 Mar., 1779 ; d. 3 June, 1869. 


* Ebenezer^ b. April 3, 1796 ; m. Chloe Barney, May 

15, 1833. Iflue: Rofalia Cornelia, b. April 21, 
1835 ; Chloe Eugenia, b. 061. 15, 1836 ; Vejia 
Alden, b. March 18, 1842. 
■ Stephen, b. Dec. 21, 1797 ; m. Mehitable Davidfon, 
Dec. 20, 1827 ; d. Jan. 19, 1834. She d. Feb. 21, 
183 1. Only one child, Chalmer S^ b. Sept. 29, 
1828, m. Sarah £. Green, Odt. 10, 1850, (hip- broker, 


I02 Dawes Genealogy. 

and lives in Cambridge. Iflue : Oriene, b. 24 Nov., 
1854 ; Henry Lat^ei)^, b. 25 Dec, ^i^. fir i'f 

• Betfey^ b. Jan. 29, 1800 ;" d. 4 Sept., 1805. 

• John^ b. Dec. 21, 1803 ; d. 3 Sept., 1859 ; m. £le6la 

B. Hume, March 3, 183 1. Iffue: Stephen Tyler ^ 
b. 16 July, 1833, m. 25 Aug., 1859, Ann ; iffue, 
lone ; Sarah Maria^ b. 25 Jan., 1837 ; m. Jan., 
1862, Harmon A. McOmbre ; iffue : Helen Florence, 
b. 21 Jan., 1863 \ Charles John, b. 17 Apr., 1869 ; 
Arthur Harlan, b. 18 Sept., 187 1 ; Harlan Page, b. 
12 Nov., 1846. 

• Dolly, b. July 31, 1806 ; d. 7 Sept., 1868 ; m. 30 Nov., 

1837, Stephen Shaw (who d. 27 0<5t., 1868). 
Iffue : Lydia Z?., b. 6 July, 1840 ; Ve/ia D^ b. 15 
Feb., 1847. 

• Rowland, b. Feb. 12, 1809 (twin with Newton, 

below), d. 16 Jan., 1847 ; m. May, 1837, Harriet 
Wilber. No iffue. 

' Newton, b. fame day ; m. 13 May, 1844, Cleora 
Brown. Iffue: Charles Brown, b. 10 Sept., 1845 \ 
Franklin Howland, b. 4 Feb., 1847 > ^^' 4 Nov., 
1876, Anna Louife Chamberlin ; Henry Le^n, b. 
II Aug., 185 1 ; m. Caroline A. Windle; iffue: 
Newton Leo Bertrand and Alta Cleora; yulia 
Emma, b. 19 Aug., 1857 ; d. 6 Feb., 1864. 

® James Shaw, b. Aug. 12, 1812 ; m. June, 1842 ; Al- 
bina Holmes (d. 15 May, 185 1). Iffue: Adelaide, 
b. 22 Aug., 1843 ; d. 31 July, 1869; Miriam, b. 
27 Dec, 1847 \ ^* 23 May, 1870 ; James S., m. 
again, 6 Sept., 1853, Sufan E. Seymour. Iffue : 
Ixiura, b. 2 Feb., 1855. 

• Vejla, b. Feb. 24, 1815 ; d. 20 July, 1847 ; m. Dec, 

1841, Alden Latham (d. Apr., 1867). Iffue : Abi- 
gail Gertrude, b. 29 061., 1843 > ^^J^^ Ella, b. 4 
Sept., 1845 ; Mary Ingraham, b. 8 July, 1847 ; d. 
May, 1848. 

(f) Howland, 

Dawes Genealogy. 103 

(f) Htnvlamf^ b. Feb. 25, 1766; d. unm. 1844. 

(g) Daniel^ b. Sept. 9, 1768. 

(h) Abigail^ b. Sept. 17, 1770; m. Hatch Noyes, Dec. 10, 
1792. I flue : 

^ Eliza H.y b. 06t 30, 1800. 
' Hmvlandy b. Nov. 21, 1806. 
(i) MitchcUy b. Aug. 15, 1772 ; lived in Cummington, Mafs. ; 
m. Mercy Burgefs, Jan. i, 1805. Iflue: 

* Sally^ b. 9 March, 1808. 

' Louifa Warner y b. 21 Mar., 18 10; d. 3 Sept, 1849 ; 
m. 17 Aug., 1834, Thomas Reed Rawfon, and had 
iflue : Thomas Haze/ion, b. 31 May, 1835, m. Agnes 
Adams ; IfabcUa Graham ^h. 18 Aug., 1837 ; Fran- 
ces Burchardy b. 8 June, 1840, d. 22 0(51., 1845 \ 
HdeHy b. 27 July,' 1843, m. Addifon W. Andrews 8 
Nov., 1876; Edward Kirk^ b. 21 Feb., 1846; 
Henry Nairne^ b. 20 061., 1848. 

* Sophronia^ b. 8 Mar., 18 12. 

* Lucrctiay b. 20 Mar., 18 14; m. Ifaac Williams, and 

had Charles Howard ^ b. 25 061., 1836, m. Mary 
J. Hunter, and had iflue. 

* Henry Laurens ^ b. 30 06t., 1816 ; grad. Yale Coll., 

taught fchool, and edited the " Greenfield Gazette " 
and " Adams Tranfcript ; " pradlifed law ; memb. 
of the H. of Repr. of Mafs. in 1848, '49, and '52 ; 
memb. of the Sen. of Mafs. in 1850 ; memb. of the 
State Conft. Conv. of Mafs. in 1853 ; Dift. Att. 
from 1853 until '57 ; U. S. Repr. 1857-1875 ; cleded 
to the U. S. Sen. as a Republican, to fucceed 
Charles Sumner, March 4, 1875 ; m. Eledla San- 
derfon, of Afhfield, Mafs., and had iflue : Thomas 
SanderfoHy b. 24 Feb., 1848, d. 7 Sept., 1849 ; Anna 
Louifay b. 14 May, 185 1 ; Henry Laurens^ b. 13 
Apr., 1853, d. 16 Apr., 1854; Chejler Mitchell y b. 
14 July, 1855 ; Robert Crcnvfordy b. 21 Jan., 1858, 
d. 3 Sept., 1859 ; Henry Laurens y b. 5 Jan., 1863. 

• Francis Howland^ 

I04 Dawes Genealogy. 

* Francis Howland^ b. ii May, 1819 ; m. MelifTa, dau. 
James and Phebe Everett, b. 22 May, 1820. An 
adopted dau., Mary Eugenia, was b. 12 March, 

' Thomas Spencer^ b. 23 Apr., 1822, phys. of Sauger- 
ties, N. Y. ; m. Elizabeth RuiTell, and had ifTue : 
Mitchelly b. 10 06t, 1 851, of Centr. City, Col. ; m. 
Lida Colfax \ Maria, b. 3 May, 1854 ; yeJ/fU Fre- 
montj b. 19 Apr., 1858; Spencer Lyman, b. 19 
Mar., 1864. 

(3) Abigail, b. 1729; m. Joiiah Vining, 1751. 

(4) Content, b. 1733. 

(5) Ann, b. 173 s ; m. Daniel Reed. 

(6) Mary, b. 1738 ; m. Nathaniel Prior ; d. before 1757. 

(7) Jonathan, b. 1745 ; m. Lydia Snell, 1772 ; went into the Rev- 

olutionary war, and never returned. 



Abbott, Irene V. (Dawes), 94. 
Irmie Emma, 94. 
Spencer, 94. 
Abdy, Dr^ 58. 

Sarah (Goldthwait), 58. 
Adams, Agnes, 103. 

Daniel, Dr., 58. 
Louifa Ann, 8t. 
Samuel, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, [4, 16, 

35. 37. 63, 65. 
Samuel, Sr., 63. 
Sarah (Goldthwait), 58. 
Addington, J. S., 51. 

Js', 48. 
Alexander, Sarah P., 84. 
Alger, Marcia Jane, 70. 
Allen, John, 50. 

Sophia, 94. 
Ames, Eliiabcth, 85. 

Emily (Rofe), 89. 
Hannah (Ames), 85. 
John, 85. 
Miner Y., 89. 
Nabby Lee CJohnfon), 85. 
Sarah (Willis), 85. 
Sylvanus, Judge, 83. 
Sylvanus, Rev., 85. 

Ames, Thomas, CapL, 85. 

William, 85. 
Amory, Rufus Green, 65. 
Andrews, Addifon W., 103. 

Helen (Rawfon), 103. 
Appleton, Catherine (Hough), 69. 

Charles Dawes, 69. 

Charles H., 69. 

Charlotte Dawes, 69, 

Edward Dawes, 69. 

Emily Dawes, 69. 

George Dawes, 69. 

Hannah (Dawes), 69. 

Henry Dawes, 69. 

Horatio Dawes, 69. 

Margaret Dawes, 69. 

Mary Dawes, 69. 

Nathaniel Dawes, 69. 

Thomas Dawes, 69. 
Arrill, fij. 

Atkins, Thomas, 57. 
Auflin, Minona, 92, 

Bacon, Daniel, 67, 
John, 73. 
Lydia, 67. 

Bailey, Elizabeth, 99. 


Index of Names. 

Bailey, John, 99. 

John, Col., 99. 
Sarah (White), 99. 
Baker, Emily (Tidd), 80. 
Balch, Nathaniel, 26. 
Ballard, Charles, 69. 

Emily Joanna Lamb (God- 

dard), 69. 
John, 9. 
Bancroft, Geo., 7, 18. 
Barnard, Adeline Matilda (RufTell), 80. 

Charles F., Rev., 80. 
Barnes, Col., 78. 

James, 48. 
Barney, Chloe, 10 1. 
Bartlett, Flora L. (Dawes), 55. 
George D., 55. 
Joanna, 87. 
BafTett, Charles, 94. 

Margaret A. (Dawes), 94. 
Mary L., 94. 
Prifcilla, 54. 
Batchelder, Sarah (Dawes), 67. 
Bates, Lydia, 55. 
Beall, Mary Ellen, 70. 
Bearfe, Andrew, 44. 

Margaret (Dawes), 44. 
Beckwith, Henry A., 91. 

Sarah Maria (Howe), 91. 
Bcith, Anna, 85. 

Cynthia E. (Dawes), 85. 
George A., 85. 
Thomas I., 85. 
Belknap, Abigail (Buttolph), 80. 
Elizabeth, 80. 
Jofeph, 80. 
Bellingham, Gov., 43. 
Benedict, Rebeckah, 89. 
Betts, Mary, 89. 
Bicknell, Anna Maria, %'^. 

Bicknell, Jofeph, 45. 

Julia (Blake), 83. 
Mary (Dawes), 99. 
Nathaniel, 83. 
Samuel, 99. 
Bigelow, Amanda, 71. 
Birchard, Lucy Ann, 84. 
Blake, Agnes, 66. 

Ann (Gray), (3/S, 
Elizabeth (Dawes), 71. 
Francis Arthur, 71. 
Hannah, 60, 66, 67. 
Hannah Wifwall, 60. 
Increafe, 60, 66. 
James, Dea., 66. 
James, Elder, ^. 
Jofeph, 59, 60, 72. 
Julia, 83. 
Sarah, 82. 
Sarah (Dawes), 6a 
William, 66. 
Boone, Betty, 74, 75. 
Lydia, 73, 77. 
Molly, 74, 75. 
Nicholas, 73. 
Bofworth, Joanna (Shipman), 88. 
M. Frances, 88. 
Sala, 88. 
Bowdoin, James, 72. 
Bowker, Charles W., M.D., loi. 

Harriet P. (Dawes), loi, 
Boynton, Richard, 65. 
Bracket, Capt., 46. 
Bradford, Ephraim, 54. 

Lovice (Dawes), 54. 
Lydia J., 55. 
Brailifords, Capt, 30. 
Brewfter, Didama (Dawes), 54. 

Nathan, 54. 
Brick, Kate, 69. 

Index of Names. 


Bridge, Prudence, 82. 
Brigham, Jos., 30. 
Briftoe, Abigail, 81. 
Brock, Frances, 69. 
Brooks, Chauncey, loi. 

Chauncey W., loi. 

Sufannah (Dawes), 100. 
Brown, Cleora, 102. 

John, 79. 

Mary, 68. 

Sally (Cogfwell), 79. 

Solomon, 20. 
Bumflead, Mary, 48 to 54. 
Sufannah, 48. 
Thomas, 48, 49. 
Thomas, Major, 48. 
Burgefs, Mercy, 103. 
Burgher, Sarah, 57. 

Sarah (Dawes), 57. 
Burgojme, John Fox, 6, 28. 
Butler, Eva, 89. 

Lydia, 69. 
Buttolph, Abigail, 80. 


Capen, Afa H., loi. 

Cordelia S., 10 1. 
Carter, James, 54. 
Cafon, Elizabeth, 81. 
Cazneau, Sufannah, 81. 
Chamberlain, Ella, 89. 
Chamberlin, Annie Louife, 102. 
Champneys, Sarah, 80. 
Chandler, Abby D., 55. 

Mary, 54. 

Samuel, 60. 

Sufanna (Dawes), 60. 
Chapin, Ruth, 73. 
Charles 11.^41. 

Cheever, Deacon, 27. 

Ellen (Lothrop), 80. 
Ezekiel, 80. 
Sufanna, 80. 
Childs, N. M., 100. 

Sarah Elizabeth (Dawes), 100. 
Chubb, Capt., 47. 
Church, Col., 46. 
Clark, Charles, 98. 

Experience, 98. 
Jonas, Jr., 16. 

Jonas, Rev., 7, 12, 14, 15, 16, 20. 
Clarke, John, 43. 
Coffin, Charles, 72. 
Cogfwell, Abigail, 79. 

Abigail (Dawes), 30, 31, ^^^ 

ySy 79- 
Charles, 79. 

Elizabeth, 79. 

Elizabeth (Rogers), 77. 

Francis, 79. 

Hannah Lucas, 79. 

Henry P'rancis, 79. 

Lucretia, 79. 

Lucy (Wilder), 79. 

Lydia, 79. 

M eh i table, 79. 

Rebecca, 79. 

Ruthy, 79. 

Sally, 79- 

William, 79. 

William Dawes, 79. 

William, Sr., 77. 
Cole, Elizabeth, 67. 

Hannah Lucas (Cogfwell), 79. 
Rice, 67. 
Thomas, 79. 
Coleman, Horace, 10 1. 

Lydia (Dawes), loi. 
Colfax, Lida, 104. 


Index of Nmnes. 

Comllock, Mehi table, 89. 
Conant, Col., 3, 8, 11, 13. 
Converfe, James, Rev., 79. 

Mehi table (Cogfwell), 79. 
Cooke, Daniel, 100. 

Nicholas, Gov., 100. 
Sarah (Whitehorn), 100. 
Sarali Whitehorn, 100. 
Coolidge, John, 29, 74, 77. 

Lydia (Dawes), tt, 
Copebnd, Ephraim, 56. 
Copley, John Singleton, 24, 56, (^, 
Cordis, Frances Temple, 67. 

Jofeph, 67. 
Corey, Enoch, 30. 
Cowdin, Elizabeth (Dawes), 71. 
George Greenleaf, 71. 
Jofeph Dawes, 71. 
Jofeph Robert, 71. 
William Henry, 71. 
Cranch, Abigail A., 70. 

Charlotte Dawes (Appleton), 

Elizabeth Eliot, 72. 
John, 69. 
Judge, 70. 
Crittenden, George D., loi. 

Lucilia E. (Dawes), loi. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 41. 
Croome, Addie G., 88. 
Cunningham, Eliza, 68, 72. 
Curtis, Catherine, 18, 19, 27. 
George W., 6, 19, 21. 
Mary (Dawes), 60. 
William, 60. 
Cufliing, Lydia, 54. 
Cutler, Ephraim, Hon., 86. 
Sarah, %6. 


Damon, Diantha, loi. 
Dana, Benjamin, ^, 

Caroline, %%. 
Darling, Deborah, 54. 
Davidfon, Harriet (Howe), 91. 
James Alexander, 91. 
Mehitable, loi. 
Davis, Caroline Williams, 80. 
Charles Devens, 80. 
George T., Hon., 80. 
George Thornton, 80. 
Harriet Tidd (Ruffell), 80. 
Jacob, 98. 
James Clark, 80. 
Maria Louifa, 80. 
Maria Louifa (Ruffell), 80. 
Mary Ruffell, 80. 
Nathaniel Ruffell, 80. 
Sufanna (Dawes), 98. 
Wendell, 80. 
Wendell T., 80. 
Dawes, Abby, 55. 

Abby D. (Chandler), 55. 
Abby James, 55. 
Abby KendaU (Holden), 83. 
Abigail, 57, ^Z, 59, ^^, 99, 103, 

Abigail (Duyer), 54, 
Abigail (Kingman), 98. 
Abigail (White), 99. 
Abraham, 54. 
Abraham, Sir, 41. 
Addie G. (Croome), ^. 
Adelaide, 102. 
Adelia, 94. 
Agnes Howard, 70. 
Albert Arthur, 55. 

Index of Names. 


Dawes, Albina (Holmes), 102. 
Alice, 71. 
Allen Darling, 55. 
Almira, 93. 
Alta Cleora, 102. 
Alva P., 94. 
Amanda (Bigelow), 70. 
Amarilla (Harris), 92. 
Ambros, 22, 42, 44, 45 to 53, 

Ambrofe, 41, 50, 53, 54, 57, 72. 
Amos, 60. 
Amy Cranch, 71. 
Ann, 67, 102, 104. 
Anna, 71. 

Anna (Dowling), 92. 
Anna Louifa, 103. 
Annie E., 93. 
Annie Louife (Chamberlin), 

Antis Canfield, 93. 
Arthur L., 94. 
Avis Winnifred, 93. 
Bela, 54. 

Beman Gates, 87. 
Benjamin Dana, 88. 
Bethany, 54. 
Betfey, 100, 102. 
Betfey (Swift), loi. 
Betty, 100. 
Calvin S., 10 1. 
Caroline A., 90. 
Caroline A. (Windle), 102. 
Caroline (Dana), 2*^. 
Caroline F., ^, 
Carrie, 92. 
Chalmer S., loi. 
Charles, 92, 95. 
Charles Brown, 102. 
Charles Edward, 100. 

Dawes, Charles F., 92. 

Charles Gates, 87. 

Charles H., 94. 

Charlps May, 84, 90. 

Charlie E., 85. 

Charlotte Ann (Howe), 72. 

Charlotte E., 85. 

Charlotte Eliza, 88. 

Chefter Mitchell, 103. 

Chloe (Barney), 10 1. 

Chloe Eugenia, 10 1. 

Cleora (Brown), 102. 

Columbus, 93. 

Content, 104. 

Cordelia S. (Capen), 10 1. 

Cufhing, 54. 

Cynthia E., 85. 

Daniel, 103. 

Daniel Cooke, 100. 

Daniel Webfler, ^Z, 

D'Arcy, Sir, 42. 

Deborah (Darling), 54. 

Deborah (Phillips), 54. 

Defiah, 54. 

Diantha (Damon), loi. 

Didama, 54. 

Dolly, 102. 

Dolly (Shaw), loi. 

Dora (White), 92. 

DrufiUa, loi. 

Drufilla (Thayer), loi. 

Earned, 71. 

Ebenezer, 54, loi. 

Ebenezer, Dr., 100. 

Ebenezer, Rev., 99, 100. 

Edmund, 86. 

Edward, 85. 

Edward, Dr., 84, 88. 

Edward G., 85. 

Effie, 85. 


Index of Names. 

Dawes, £Ie6la B. (Hume), 102. 
Eleda (Sanderfon), 103. 
Eli (ha, 79. 
Eliza Carver, 55. 
Eliza (Cunningham), 68, 72. 
Elizabeth, 56, 57, 58, 59, 67, 69, 

71, 77, 93, 94, 9^. 
Elizabeth (Ames), 85. 

Elizabeth (Bailey), 99. 

Elizabeth Eliot (Cranch), 72. 

Elizabeth (Ruffell), 104. 

Elizabeth (Underwood), 59. 

Ella Brown (Kingfley), 55. 

Ella M., 94. 

Emeline Allen, 55. 

Emily, 69. 

Ephraim Cutler, 88. 

Eunice, 88. 

Eunice Freeman, 55. 

Eva M., 94. 

Experience, 98. 

Flora L., 55. 

Florence, 71. 

Frances Anna, 84, 88. 

Francis, 97. 

Francis Howland, 104. 

Frank, 94, 95. 

Frank E., 85, 94. 

Frank Herbert, 55. 

Frank W., 94. 

Franklin Howland, 102. 

Frederic A., 85. 

George, 85, 93. 

George E., 85, 92. 

George Frank, 94. 

George Greenleaf , 72. 

George Mi not, 71. 

George S., 92. 

George Sylvanus, 85. 

George W., 93, 94. 

Dawes, Geoi^anna, 94. 

Gertrude, 71. 

Gideon, 54, 55. 

Grace A., 85. 

Grace £., 92. 

Hannah, 30, 31, 32, 36, 37, 44, 

54, 58, 59, 67, 69, Ji, 82, 83, 

90, 92, 97. 
Hannah (Blake), 66. 

Hannah (Jackfon), 73, 76, 79. 

Hannah (Morfe), 44. 

Harlan Page, 102. 

Harriet C, 55. 

Harriet Holland, 93, 94* 

Harriet M., 94. 

Harriet P., loi. 

Harriet (WUbcr), 102. 

Harrifon, 70. 

Harrifon James, 70. 

Harry, 90. 

Harry Beall, 70. 

Hedlor, 85. 

Henry, 86. 

Henry E., 85. 

Henry Laurens, 103. 

Henry Lawrence, ipc: 

Henry Levi, 102. / 

Henry ManaiTeth,, 86. 

Henry Rufus, 93, 

Hervey, 100. 

Horatio, 71, 72. 

Howland, 102, 103. 

Huldah, 54. 

Huldah (Lazell), 99. 

Ida Perry, 70. 

lone, 102. 

Irene T., 91. 

Irene V., 94. 

Ifaac AmbroiTe, 58. 

Ifrael Putnam, 58. 

Index of Names. 


Dawea, J. Edmund, 90. 
Jacob, 99. 
James, 97. 
James Elbert, 85. 
James Greenleaf, 70. 
James Harvey, Capt, 55. 
James Julius, 84. 
James L., 94. 
James Lincoln, too. 
James M., 94. 
James Shaw, 103. 
James Thompfoa, 88. 
James William, 84, 88. 
Jane, 89. 

Jane A. (Ruggles), 8j. 
Jane Rofe, 90. 
JeOie Fremont, 104. 
Joanna, 44. 

John, 44, 89, 97, 101, I03. 
John A., 85. 
John Chandler, 55. 
John Greenleaf, 71. 
John P., 94. 
John, Sir, 41, 
John Winchefter, 88. 
Jonathan, 43, 44, 31, S3. ' 

Jofeph, 54, 55, 101. 

Jofeph O., 101. 

Jofephus, Capt., 55. 

Jofliua Pratt, 94. 

Julia, Ss- 

Julia Emma, 102. 

Julius Holden, 84, 85. 

Kate, 90. 

L. Adelia (Graves), 85. 

Laura A., 94. 
Lamu £., 85. 

Dawes, Laura May, 55. 
Lavina, 94. 

Lavinia (Pomeroy), 93. 
Leo Bertrand, 102. 

Leonard Pr^ll, 94. 

Lida (Colfax), 104. 

Lillian May, 93. 

Lois, 44. 

Louifa Warner, 103. 

Lovice, 54. 

Lucilia E., loi. 

Lucinda, 94. 

Lucretia, 29, 95, 103. 

Lucretia Catherine, 86. 

Lucy, 54, 86. 

Lucy Ann lilrchard), 84. 

Lucy Cranch, 70. 

Lucy (Greenleaf), 70. 

Lydia, 54. SS- 77. 99. "OI- 

Lydia Ames (Sawin), 08. 

Lyilia (Bates), 55. 

Lydia (Boone), 73, 77. 

Lydia (Culhing), 54. 

Lydia (Gendall), 8i, 95. 

Lydia (Harden), 99. 

Lydia J. (Bradford), sS- 

Lydia (Snell), 104. 

Lydia (Torrey), 100. 

Lydia (Tyrrell), 99. 

M. Frances (Bofworth), 88. 

Magdalene, 90. 

Maggie, 85. See Margaret. 

Mahitable, 94. 

Mahitable May, 93. See Me- 

MaliiTa A., 94. 
Marcia Jane (Alger), 70. 
Margaret, 44, 68, 69. 
Margaret A., 94. 
Margaret Cranch, 70. 


Index of Names. 

Dawes, Margaret Greenleaf, 68. See 
Margaret (Greenleaf), 67, 68. 
Maria, 104. 

Martha (Hearfey), 99. 
Mary, 44, 50, 53, 57, 58, 60, 77, 

97, 98, 99, 104- 
Mary Ann, 94. 

Mary B., 92. 

Mary Beman (Gates), 87. 

Mary (Bumllead), 48 to 53. 

Mary Caroline, 88. 

Mary (Chandler), 54. 

Mary Elizabeth, 72. 

Mary Elizabeth (Greenleaf), 71. 

Mary Ellen (Beall), 70. 

Mary Eugenia, 104. 

Mary Fitch, 89. 

Mary Frances, 87. 

Mary (Gofhen), 54. 

Mary (Green), 58. 

Mary Greenleaf, 70, 71. 

Mary Holden, 89. 

Mary Jane (Deo), 93. 

Mary L. (Baflett), 94. 

Mary M. (Van Dom), 89. 

Mary May, 90. 

Mary Nantie, 72. 

Mary R. W. (Van Houten), 89. 

Mary (Saunders), 92. 

Mehetabel, 90. 

Mehitable (Davidfon), loi. 

Mehitable (Gardner), 53, 54. 

Mehitable (May), 24, 25, 29, 

82, 95. 
Mehitable (Pomeroy), 94. See 

Mahitable and Mehetabel. 
MeliflTa (Everett), 104. 
Melona, loi. 
Mercy (Burgefs), 103. 

Dawes, Minona (Auftin), 92. 
Miranda, 10 1. 
Miriam, 102. 
Mitchell, 103, 104. 
Mofes, 54. 
Nabbie, 85. 
Nancy, 54. 
Nancy Cranch, 72. 
Nancy (Fitch), 89, 
Nathan, 99. 
Nellie, 71. 
Newton, 102. 
Olive, 58. 
Ophir, 10 1. 
Oriene, 102. 
Orren, 10 1. 

Philenia (Hume), loi. 
Pratt, 93, 94. 
Prifcilla (Baflett), 54. 
Rachel, 91. 

Rachel (Saunders), 91. 
Raymond, 85. 

Rebecca, 50, 53, 56, 57, 58, 791 
Rebecca (Phillips), 54. 
Rebeckah, 79. 
Reuel, 54. 

Richard Cranch, 72. 
Richmond M., 85. 
Rizpah, 54. 

Robert, 44, 71,93,98,99- 

Robert, Capt., 99. 

Robert Crawford, 103. 

Robert, Major, 99. 

Robert, Sir, 41. 

Robert W., 94. 

Rofalia Cornelia, loi. 

Rofma, loi. 

Rufus, 72. 

Rufus Cutler, 87. 

Rufus Republic, Gen., 86, 87. 

Index of Names. 


Dawes, Ruth, 76, 78, 79. 
Sally, 54, 91, 103. 
Sally (Freeman), 55. 
Sally (Rice), 84. See Sarah. 
Samuel, 98, 99, loi. 
Samuel May, 90. 
Sarah, 57, 59, 67, 76, 78, 81, 

95, 97, 100. 
Sarah P. (Alexander), 84. 
Sarah Ann, 69, 93. 
Sarah Appleton, 71. 
Sarah (Cutler), 86. 
Sarah E., 94, 95. 
Sarah E. (Green), loi. 
Sarah Elizabeth, 100. 
Sarah (Hafkell), 54. 
Sarah (Howland), 98, 99. 
Sarah Jane, 86. 
Sarah M. (Sarles), 92. 
Sarah Maria, 102. 
Sarah (McFarland), 90. 
Sarah (Paine), 57. 
Sarah (Phelps), 94. 
Sarah (Phillips), 54. 
Sarah (Story), 56. 
Sarah Whitehom (Cooke), 100. 

See Sally. 
Sceva, 55. 
Sophia (Allen), 94. 
Sophronia, 103. 
Spencer Lyman, 103. 
St Clement, 97. 
Stephen, loi. 
Stephen Tyler, 102. 
Story, 56, 57, 58, 60, T^ 82. 
Sufan, 72. 

Sufan E. (Seymour), 102. 
Sufan Jane, 91. 
Sufanna, 53, 54, 58, 60, 97, 98, 

99, 100. 

Dawes, Sufanna (Mills), 42, 43, 44. 
Sylveftcr Holmes, 99. 
Sylvia, loi. 
Thankfull, 55. 
Thatcher James, 93. 
Thomas, 46, 48, 50, 54, 55 to 

57, 58, 59, 98- 
Thomas, Col., 23, 59, 60 to 66. 

Thomas, Judge, 67, 68. 

Thomas, Rev., 68. 

Thomas, Sir, 41. 

Thomas Sanderfon, 103. 

Thomas Spencer, Dr., 104. 

Vefla, 102. 

Vefta Alden, loi. 

Walfred Clarence, 55. 

Wealthy, 55. 

William, 22, 41, 42 to 44, 45, 

53. 57, 5«, 59. 84, 94, 97, 100. 

William, Archb., 22, 41. 

William, Jr., mythical charac- 
teridics, i to 4 ; fignals to 
meet the contingency of his 
capture, 9 ; knowledge of 
Britifh movements, 9; ftarts 
on his ride, 10, 35 ; reaches 
Lexington, 14, 15 ; cfcapes 
purfucrs, 15, 35, 37 ; his ride 
certain, 18, 19, 20, 21 ; par- 
entage, 21, 22, 40 ; birth, 77, 
82 ; early life, 23 ; marriage, 
24, 82; children, 82 to 95; 
anecdotes about him, 24, 25, 
26 ; carries off the cannon, 
26, 27, 34, 37 ; goes to Wor- 
ceiler, and is appointed com- 
miffary, 28, 37 ; goes to 
Marlboro*, 29, 36 ; death 
and burial, 30; letters, 31 to 
33 ; narrative of his daugh- 


Index of Names. 

ter, 33 ; narrative of his 
grand-daughter, 36 ; ancef- 
try and defcendants of, 41 et 
Dawes, William, Sr., 23, 58, 72 to 77. 
William, Sir, 41. 
William Alexander, 84. 
William E., 92. 
William F., 92. 
William Greenleaf, 71. 
William Jafon, 84, 85. 
William McFarland, 91. 
William Mears, 83, 84. 
William R., 85. 
William Story, 58. 
William Van Dorn, 89. 
Willie E., 85. 
Day, Laura Annette (Robinfon), 91. 

Leonard, 91. 
Deane, Charles, 10, 11. 
De Berni^re, 13. 
Delano, Lovice (Dawes), 54. 

Seth, 54. 
Deo, Mary Jane, 93. 
Devens, Richard, 3, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13. 
Dick, Delia Aug;ufla (Gillmor), 90. 

Thomas, Dr., 90. 
Dimick, Drufilla (Dawes), loi. 
Elizabeth, loi. 
Francis, 10 1. 
Dorr, Ebenezer, 3, 18, 19, 20, 21, 27. 
Doubleday, Major-Gen., 87. 
Dow, Harry J., 94. 
Howard P., 94. 
Mahitable (Dawes), 94. 
Pratt G., 94. 
Wentworth, 94. 
D(.wling, Anna, 92. 
Doyley, Mifs, 95. 
Drake, 9, 26. 

Dudley, P., 50, 51. 
Duyer, Abigail, 54. 


Edes, Edward, 73. 
Eliot, 9. 

Abigail A. (Cranch), 70. 
Caroline, 70. 

Elizabeth Margaret Dawes, 7a 
Frances (Brock), 69. 
Frank Andrew, 70. 
Hannah Dawes, 69. 
Horatio Dawes, 70. 
Margaret (Dawes), 69. 
Mary (Johnfon), 70. 
Nancy Cranch, 70. 
Thomas Dawes, 69. 
William G., 69. 
William Greenleaf Rev., 69. 
Ellfworth, Edgar Birge, 89. 
Edward D., 89. 
Ella (Chamberlain), 89. 
Emma (Thompfon), 89. 
Eva (Butler), 89. 
Frank O., 89. 
Freddie T., 89. 
Henry E., 89. 
James W., 89. 
Mary A., 89. 

Mary Holden (Dawes), 89. 
Erving, Col., 64. 
Euftis, Benjamin, 72, 74. 
Everett, James, 104. 
John, 83. 
Melifla, 104. 
Mercy, 83. 
Phebe, 104. 

Index of Names. 



Fallas, Dorcas, 83. 
Elizabeth, 83. 
William, %i, 
Fiflce, Mary, 81. 
Fitch, Efther (Pratt), 89. 
Hannah (Hall), 89. 
Nancy, 89. 
Sarah (Hanford), 89. 
Thomas, Gov., 89. 
Timothy, 73, 89. 
William, 89. 
Frances, Jofeph, 82. 
Franklin, Benjamin, 23, 58. 

Mary, 58. 
Freeman, Sally, n, 
French, Bela, 65. 

Elizabeth (Dawes), 58. 
Theodore, 58. 
Frogatt, Clara F. (Walker), 92. 

William L., 92. 
Frothingham, 7, 18. 

Judge, 32. 
Fuller, Mary Ann (Dawes), 94. 
Furnefs, Elizabeth Margaret Dawes 
(Eliot), 70. 
James, 70. 


Gage, Thomas, Gen., 2, 4, 5, 8. 11, 26. 
Gair, Hannah Qackfon), 73, 76, ^^, 78, 

Gardner, Mehitable, 53. 
Gales, Gen., 28. 

Beman, 87. 

Betfey (Shipman), 87. 

Mary Beman, 87. 

Gendall, Lydia, 82. 

Sarah, 82. 
George III., 5. 
Gerrifli, Elizabeth, 68. 

Mary, 86. 
William, Capt, 68. 
Gerry, Elbridge, 12. 
Gibbon, Abigail (Cogfwell), 79. 

Samuel, 79. 
Gibfon, Catherine (Hammond), 81 . 
Charles H., 82. 
John G., 81, 82. 
John Gardiner, 82. 
Gillmor, Arthur Hill, Hon., 90. 

Daniel, 90. 

Delia Augufta, 90. 

Hannah Dawes (Howe), 90. 

Henry Edward, 90. 

Percy Howe, 90. 
Glafs, Defiah (Dawes), 54. 
James, 54, 55. 
Jonathan, 54. 
Thankfull (Dawes), n, 
Gleafon, Martin, 94. 

Sarah E. (Dawes), 94. 
Goddard, Ann Elizabeth, 95. 

Deborah (Trcadwell), 95. 

Edward, 95. 

Eleanor Swan, 95. 

Elizabeth (Miles), 95. 

Emily (Dawes), 69. 

Emily Joanna Lamb, 69. 

Hannah (Seaver), 95. 

Hannah Stone (Jennifon), 95, 

Harriet Barnes, 95. 

John, 95. 

John, Dr., 95. 

John, Hon., 95. 

Jofeph, 95. 

Julia, 95. 


Index of Names. 

Goddard, Louifa, 95. 

Lucretia Dana, 95. 

Maurice, 95. 

Mehitable May (Dawes), 95. 

Samuel, 95. 

Samuel B., 69. 

Sufanna (Heath), 95. 

William, 95. 

William D wight, 95. 
Goldthwait, Benjamin, n^ 82, 83. 

Hannah (Dawes), 57, 82, 

Sarah, 58. 
Sarah (Dawes), 57. 
Sufanna, 58. 
Gookin, Major-Gen., 68. 
Sheriff, 68. 
Elizabeth, (:l^, 
Gordon, William, Rev., 7, 12, 13, 28, 33. 
Gore, Abigail, 82. 
Samuel, 26. 
Gorham, Mary Sturgis, 81. 
Gofhen, Mary, 54. 
Grant, Mofes, 26. 
Graves, 10. 

L. Adelia, Z^. 
Gray, Ann, 66. 

Edward, 66. 
Sufanna (Harrifon), 66. 
Green, Almira (Hammond), 82. 
Mary, 58. 
Sarah E., loi. 
Sarah H., 82. 
Walter C, 82. 
Walter H., 82. 
Greene, Sufannah Copley, 81. 
Greenleaf, Daniel, Rev., 68. 
Edmund, 68. 
Elizabeth (Gerrifh), 68. 
Elizabeth (Gookin), 68. 

Greenleaf, John, 70. 

Lucy, 70. 

Margaret, 67, 68. 

Mary (Brown), 68. 

Mary Elizabeth, 71. 

Stephen, 68. 

William, 68. 
Gridley, Hannah (Dawes), 97. 
Jeremiah, 26. 
Richard, 97. 
Gunnifon, George, 95. 

Sarah (Dawes), 95. 


Haley, Samuel, 73. 
Hall, Capt., 46. 
Hannah, 89. 
Jofeph, Judge, 20. 
Rebecca, 90. 
Hammond, Almira, 82. 

Afa, 81. 

Catherine, 81. 

Charles, 81. 

Elizabeth (Cafon), 81. 

Elizabeth (Stedman), 81. 

Gardiner Greene, 81. 

Hannah Dawes, 79, 81. 

Hetty, 81. 

John, 81. 

John Lucas, 81. 

Marodret (Wilfon), 8r. 

Mary Ann, 81. 

Mary (Fiflce), 81. 

Samuel, 8r. 

Sarah, 81. 

Sarah (Dawes), 38, 78, 81. 

Sufannah Copley (Greene), 

Thomas, 81. 

Index of Names. 


Hammond, William, 82. 
Hancock, Mrs., 16. 

John, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 
16, 35, 37, 63, 64, 65. 
Hanford, John, 89. 
Mary, 89. 

Mehitable (Comftock), 89. 
Sarah, 89. 
Harden, John, 99. 
Lydia, 99. 
Hardy, Jofeph, 67. 

Mary, (iT, 
Harris, Amarilla, 92. 
Samuel, 57. 
Sarah (HafTom), 57. 
William, 74. 
Harrifon, John, 66. 

Sufanna, 66. 
Hafkell, Ruth, 86. 
Sarah, 54. 
HafTom, Samuel, 57. 
Sarah, 57. 
Sarah (Dawes), 57. 
Hawkins, James, 48. 
Hay ward, James T., 71. 

James Warren, 71. 
Margaret Greenleaf, 71, 72. 
Mary Chilton, 71. 
Nathan, 71. 
Pelham, 68. 

Sarah Appleton (Dawes), 71. 
Hearfey, Martha, 99. 
William, 99. 
Heath, John, 95. 

Sufanna, 95. 
Hewes, Samuel, 65. 
Hoffman, John, 30. 
Holbrook, Abraham, 26. 
Holden, Abby Kendall, 83. 
Jonas, Jr., 83. 

Holland, Ann, 83. 

Anna Maria (Bicknell), 83. 
Arthur, 83. 
Charles Follen, Zy 
Elizabeth (Fallas), 83. 
Emma Elizabeth Pugh, 83. 
Florence, 83. 
Frederic May, 83. 
Frederic Weft, 83. 
Harriet (Newcomb), 83. 
Henry Ware, 83. 
Herbert, 83. 
John, 83. 
John, Capt., 83. 
Sarah Ellen, 83. 
Sarah (May), 83. 
Thomas, 83. 
Holmes, Albina, 102. 

Elizabeth (Dawes), 98. 
Homes, Mary (Franklin), 58. 

Rebecca (Dawes), 56, 57, 58. 
Robert, Capt., 58. 
William, 74. 

William, Lieut., 22, 56, 58. 
Hood, John, 65, 66. 

Sarah, 79. 
Hooper, Rev. Mr., 57. 
Hopkins, Albert Arthur, 55. 
Eliza Carver, 55. 
Ella Brown (Kingfley), 55. 
Emeline Allen (Dawes), 55. 
John, 55. 
Hough, Catherine, 69. 
Howe, Albion Pratt, 91. 
Annie Louifa, 95. 
Charlotte Ann, 72. 
Clementina (Seelye), 90. 
Hannah Dawes, 90. 
Hannah (Dawes), 90. 
Harriet, 91. 


Index of Names. 

Howe, Henry Newcomb, 90. 
James Simeon, 90. 
John, 95. 
Levi Folfom, 91. 
Louifa (Goddard), 95. 
Lucretia Dawes, 90. 
Rebecca (Hall), 90. 
Sarah Maria, 91. 
Simeon, 90. 
Sufanna (Puffer), 90. 
Tilley, 90. 
Warren, 90. 
Howland, Sarah, 98, 99. 
Hubbard, Tuthill, 73. 
Hudfon, Charles, 7. 
Frederic, 19. 
Mary, 59. 
Hume, David, 10 1. 

£Ie^ B., 102. 
Philenia, loi. 
Hunter, Mary J., 103. 
Huntington, Jofhua, Rev., 59. 
Huntley, Adams, 93. 
Albert, 93. 
Alice (Morris), 93. 
Irving, 93. 
Reuben, 93. 
Sarah Ann (Dawes), 93. 


IvERS, James, 57. 


Jackson. Daniel, 74. 

Hannah, 73, ^(), 77, 78, 79- 
Ruth (Chapin), 73. 
Samuel, 73. 

Jacobs, Sufanna, 48. 

Jafper, 9. 

Jennings, Ida M. (Kingllon), 92. 

Jay, 92. 
Jennifon, Hannah Stone, 95. 
Jewett, Nehemiah, 48. 
Jillfon, John, 10 1. 

Miranda (Dawes), loi. 
Johnfon, Mary, 70. 

Nabby Lee, 85. 
Jones, Capt., 32, 33. 

Widow, 16. 
Judd, Chauncy Parkman, 69. 
Edith, 69. 
Mabel, 69. 
Marion, 69. 
Sarah Ann (Dawes), 69. 


Kasson, Caroline (Eliot), 70. 

John A., 70. 
Kendall, Mr., 76. 
Kennedy, John, 91. 

Lucretia Dawes, 91. 

Sufan Jane, 91. 

Sufan Jane (Dawes), 91. 

William F., 91. 
Kettell, Hannah Dawes (Peirce), 67. 

Thomas P., 6^, 
Keys, Gerfliorn, 72. 
King, Helen (Wefton), 93. 

Owen, 93. 
Kingman, Abigail, 98, 99. 

Ifaac, 99. 
Kingfley, Ella Brown, 55. 
Kingfton, Arthur L., 92. 

Charles D., 92. 

Edith G., 92. 

Frank W., 92. 

Hannah (Dawes), 92. 

Index of Names. 


Kingflon, Ida M., 92. 

John T., 92. 

Mary B., 92. 

Una £., 92. 

Wilber J., 92. 

William P., 92. 
Knight, Ezra, 91. 

Ezra Lincoln, 91. 
Ida A., 91. 
Lewis E., 91. 
Maria Alice, 91. 
Ofcar, 91. 

Rachel (Dawes), 91. 
Wefley, 91. 
Knox, Henry, Gen., 67. 


Lamb, Hannah Dawes (Eliot), 69. 

Thomas, 69. 
Lane, H. H., 10. 
Lanman, James, 58, 74. 

Sufanna (Dawes), 58. 
Sufanna (Goldthwait), 58. 
Larkin, Dea., 3, 13. 
Latham, Abigail Gertrude, 102. 
Aldcn, 102. 
Mary Ingraham, ro2. 
Vefta (Dawes), 102. 
Vefta Ella, 102. 
Lathrop, Ann (Peirce), 67. 
John, 67. 
John, Rev., 67. 
Lawrence, Mary (Dawes), 58. 

Samuel, 58. 
Lazell, Edmund, Capt., 99. 

Huldah, 99. 
Lee, William Raymond, 12. 
Leverett, Col., 64. 
Lewis, David, 91. 

Lewis, Sufan Jane (Kennedy), 91. 

Lincoln, 20. 

Linton, Anna, 59. 

Locke, Eliza Carver (Hopkins), 55. 

Warren Edgar, 55. 
Longfellow, Henry W., 16 to 18. 
Longflreet, Gen., 88. 
Loring, Elizabeth (Dawes), 56, 57, 59. 
Loffing, Benjamin, 9. 
Lothrop, Dr , 10. 
Ellen, 80. 

Hannah (Dawes), 54. 
Zephaniah, 54. 
Lowell, John, 73. 
Lucas, Elizabeth (Bailey), 100. 

Hannah (Dawes), 38, 77, lOO. 

John, 77, 100. 


Malbone, Edward G., 77. 
Manly, 67. 
March, Capt., 47. 
Marion, John, 50, 51. 
Marret, Capt., 76. 
Martineau, Harriet, 84. 
May, Abigail (Gore), 82. 

Abie^ail (Williams), 25, 83. 

Adeline, 80. 

Catherine (Mears), 82. 

Ebenezer, 82. 

Edward, So. 

Eleanor, 95. 

Eleanor Swan (Goddard), 95. 

Elizabeth Goddard, 80. 

Frederic Warren Goddard, 95. 

John, 82. 

Jofeph, Col., II, 25, 29. 

Jofeph RuiTell, 80. 

Mehitable, 24, 25, 29, 82. 



Index of Names. 

May, Prudence (Bridge), 82. 

Samuel, 24, 82, 83. 

Samuel, Dea., 38. 

Samuel, Rev., 80. 

Sarah, 83. 

Sarah (RuOell), 80. 
Mayhew, Edward, 59. 

Elizabeth (Dawes), 59. 
Maylem, Edward, 60 to 63. 
McClaning, Mi(s, 32. 
McFarland, Sarah, 90. 
McLean, Lucretia Catherine (Dawes), 

Samuel Agnew, Rev., Zd* 
Sarah Catherine, 86. 
McOmbre, Arthur Harlan, 102. 
Charles John, 102. 
Harmon A., 102. 
Helen Florence, 102. 
Sarah Maria (Dawes), 102. 
Mears, Catherine, 82. 
Miles, Benjamin, 95. 
Elizabeth, 95. 
Mills, John, 42. 

Sufanna, 42. 
Minot, Elizabeth (Dawes), 69. 
George, 69. 
George, Elder, 69. 
James, Rev. Capt., 69. 
John, Capt., 69. 
Jonas, 69. 
Lydia (Butler), 69. 
Martha, 69. 
Rebecca (Trade), 69. 
Rebecca (Wheeler), 69. 
Samuel, Dea., (3^. 
Sarah (Prefcott), (39. 
Stephen, Judge, 69. 
Thomas, 69. 
Minott, Stephen, 43. 

Mitchell, Henry, 71, 72. 

Margaret Greenleaf (Hay- 
ward), 71. 
Mary Elizabeth (Dawes), 72. 
Monroe, William, 14, 2a 
Moody, George, 57. 
Sarah, n. 

Sarah (Burgher), 57* 
Moor, Mary (Dawes), 57. 

William, 57. 
Morris, Alice, 93. 
Morfe, Elizabeth, 44. 
John, 44. 
Hannah, 44. 
Moulten, Rebecca (Dawes), 50, 53. 
Mulliken, Mifs, 14. 
Munroe, David, 79. 

Elizabeth (Cogfwell), 79. 


Newcomb, Daniel, Judge, 83. 
Deborah, 83. 
Francis, 83. 
Hannah Dawes, 83. 
Hannah (Dawes), 36^ 82, 

Harriet, 38. 83. 

Jonathan, 83. 

Lucretia, 83. 

Mercy (Everett), 83. 

Peter, 83. 

Sarah (Steams), 83. 

William Dawes, 83. 
Newman, Robert, 3, 10, 11. 
NichoUs, John, 43, 44, 50, 51. 
Niles, 46. 
Norwood, E., 73. 
Noyes, Abigail (Dawes), 103. 
Eliza H., 103. 

Index of Names » 


Noyes, Hatch, 103. 

Howland, 103. 

Orme, Azor, 12. 


Packard, Eliphalet, 99. 
H. Clark, loi. 
Melona C. (Dawes), loi. 
Paddock, Adino, Capt., 26, 27. 
Page, John, 30. 
Paine, Sarah, 57. 
Palfrey, Abigail (Briftoe), 81. 

Comph'ance (Windfor), 81. 

Francis Winthrop, 81. 

Hannah RulTell, 81. 

Hannah (Tapper), 81. 

John, 81. 

John Carver, 81. 

John Gorham, 81. 

John Gorham, Hon., 81. 

Mary Ann (Hammond), 38, 8 1. 

Mary Gorham, 81. 

Mary Sturgis (Gorham), 81. 

Sarah H., 81. 

Sufannah (Cazneau), 81. 

Thomas, 81. 

William, 81. 

William, Col., 81. 
Parker, Capt., 20. 
Peirce, Ann, 67. 

Ann (Dawes), 67. 

Elizabeth, 67. 

Elizabeth (Cole), 67. 

Elizabeth Somes, 67. 

Frances Temple (Cordis), 67. 

Grace (Tucker), drj. 

Peirce, Hannah Dawes, 67. 

Ilaac 6t, 

Jofeph, Capt., 65, 67. 

Jofeph Hardy, 67. 

Lydia (Bacon), 67. 

Mary (Hardy), 67. 

Samuel, 67. 

Thomas, drj, 

Thomas, Serg., 67. See Puree. 
Percy, Hugh, Lord, 4, 6^ 13. 
Perry, 10. 
Phelps, Sarah, 94. 
Philip, King, 45. 
Phillips, Deborah, 54. 
Rebecca, 54. 
Sarah, 54. 
Phinney, Ellas, 14, 20. 
Phipps, 13. 

Gov., 46. 
Pickering, Timothy, 26. 
Pitcairn, 11, 15. 
Pitts, Samuel, 74. 
Plaice, Jane, 59. 

John, 59. 

Sarah, 59. 
Piatt, Grace Amelia, 70. 
Poll, Edward, 98. 

Elizabeth (Dawes), 98. 
Pomeroy, Lavinia, 93. 

Mehi table, 94. 
Porter, Henry, 80. 

Sufan S. (Tidd), 80. 
Powers, 30. 
Pratt, Efther, 89. 
Prefcott, Samuel, Dr., 14, 15. 

Sarah, 69, 82. 
Price, II. 
Prior, Mary (Dawes), 104. 

Nathaniel, 104. 
Puffer, Sufanna, 90. 


Index of Names. 

Pullen. See Pulling^. 
Pulling, John, Capt., 3, 10, 11, 12. 
Puree, Ifaac, 73. 

Putnam, £Iizal)eth Somes (Peirce), drj. 
Fitch Pool, 67. 


QuiNCY, Dorothy, 16. 


Rand, Bartholomew, 65. 
Ranfom, Elijah, 54. 

Huldah (Dawes), 54. 
Rawfon, Agnes (Adams), 103. 
Edward Kirk, 103. 
Frances Burchard, 103. 
Helen, 103. 
Henry Nairne, 103. 
Ifabella Graham, 103. 
Louifa Warner (Dawes), 103. 
Thomas Hazclton, 103. 
Thomas Reed, 103. 
Raymond, Elizabeth (Senfion), 89. 
Ifabel, 89. 
John, 89. 
Mary (Betts), 89. 
Mary Fitch (Dawes), 89. 
Mary (Hanford), 89. 
Nathaniel, 89. 
Rcbeckah (Benedidl), 89. 
Richard, 89. 
William Hanford, 89. 
Reed, Alice, 99. 

Ann (Dawes), 104. 
Daniel, 99, 104. 
Daniel, Capt, 99. 
Ruth (While), 99. 
William, 99. 

Revere, Paul, 3f 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 1 1, 12, 

13, 14. 15, 16, 17, 18, I9>20,3S, 36, 

37, 38, 74. 
Re>'noIds, Capt., 45. 

Rice, Sally, 84. 

Ridgeway, Nathaniel, 97. 

Sarah (Dawes), 97. 

Ridgway, 60, 6t, 62. 

Ring, Mofes, 79. 

Rebeckah (Dawes), 79. 

Ripley, George Minot, 71. 

Howard Fuller, 71. 

John Dawes, 71. 

Lucy Greenleaf, 71. 

Lyman Baldwin, 71. 

Lyman Currier, 71. 

Margaret Cranch (Dawes), 71- 

Nellie Howard, 71. 

Robinfon, Emma Irene, 92. 

George Herbert, 92. 

Irene T. (Dawes), 91. 

James A., 91. 

James L., 91. 

Jeffie, 91. 

John Alvah, 92. 

Jofeph William, 91. 

Laura Annette, 91. 

Oretta (Whipple), 91. 

Orman, 92. 

Rogers, Elizabeth, 77. 

John, 77. 

Nathaniel, Rev., 77. 

Rofe, Emily, 89. 

Helon, 89. 

Henry D., 89. 

Jane (Dawes), 89. 

Lyman W., 89. 

Ruggles, Jane A., 85. 

Ruflell, Adeline Matilda, 80. 

Alice, 81. 

Index of Names. 


RufTell, Benjamin, Capt., 80. 
Edith, 81. 
Elizabeth, 80, 104. 
Elizabeth (Belknap), 80. 
Ezekiel, 79. 
Hannah (Dawes), 81. 
Hannah Dawes (Hammond), 

Harriet Tidd, 80. 

John, 80. 

John, Rev., 80. 

Jofeph, 80. 

Louifa Ann (Adams), 81. 

Mana Louifa, 80. 

Mary Ann Palfrey, 81. 

Matilda Coolidge, 80. 

Nathaniel Pope, 80, 81. 

Nathaniel Pope, Hon., 79, 81. 

Samuel Hammond, 81. 

Sarah, 80. 

Sarah (Champneys), 80. 

Sarah (Hood), 79. 

Sarah (Tidd), 79, 80. 

Sufanna (Cheever), 80. 

Sanas, Ira, 95. 

Sarah £. (Dawes), 95. 
Sanderfon, 15, 20. 

£Ie6la, 103. . 
Sarles, Sarah M., 92. 
Saunders, Mary, 92. 

Rachel, 91. 
Savage, James, 42. 
Sawin, Ezekiel, Hon., 68. 

John, 30. 

Lydia Ames, 68. 
Scottow, 42. 
Seaver, Hannah, 95. 
Seelye, Clementina, 90. 

Seelye, Henry Edward, 91. 

Lucretia Dawes (Howe), 90. 
Senfion, Elizabeth, 89. 
Seymour, Sufan E., 102. 
Shattuck, Job, 64. 
Shaw, Beriah, 99. 
Dolly, 10 1. 
Dolly (Dawes), 102. 
James, 99. 
Lydia D., 102. 
Stephen, 102. 
Vefla D., 102. 
Shedd, Abel, 86. 

Charles Rufus, 86. 
Ephraim Cutler, 86. 
Henry, Rev., 86. 
John Cutler, 86. 
John Haflcell, 86. 
John Hafkell, Rev., 86. 
Mary (Gerrifh), 86. 
Ruth (Haikell), 86. 
Sarah Jane (Dawes), 86. 
Sarah Rhea, 86. 
Sufannah (White), 86. 
William Ambrofe, 86. 
Shepard, Oliver, 100. 

Oliver H., 100. 
Sarah Whitehorn (Cooke), 
Sherman, Major-Gen., 88, 89. 
Lydia Cogfwell, 79. 
Micah, 79. 
Sherrer, Alexander, 49. 
Shipman, Betfey, %T, 

Charles, Col., %^y 88. 
Joanna, 88. 

Joanna (Bartlett), 87, 88. 
Shirley, Gov., 60. 
Sill, Capt, 45. 
Simmonds, Edward Freeman, Capt., 55. 


Index of Names. 

Simmonds, Harriet C. (Dawes), 55. 
Smith, Alfred C, 93. 

Anna (Dowling), 92. 
Byron, 93. 
Charles £., 93. 
Horace D., 93. 
Mehitable May (Dawes), 93. 
Snell, Lydia, 104. 
Somes, Elizabeth (Dawes), 67. 
Nehemiah, 67. 
Nehemiah, Capt., 67. 
Thomas, drj. 
Stallknecht, Charles Piatt, 70. 
Frederic, 70. 
Frederic Stoud, 70. 
Grace Amelia (Piatt), 70. 
Harry Sedgwick, 70. 
Jofefa Vidoria Roufzen, 

Mary Greenleaf (Dawes), 

Thorwold, 70. 
Steams, 12. 

Sarah, 83. 
Stedman, Elizabeth, 81. 
Stillman, Sylvia (Dawes), 10 1. 

Thomas S., loi. 
Stoddard, William, 63. 
Stone, Hannah (Jennifon), 60, 95. 
Story, Judge, 56. 

Eliflia, 50, 56. 
Sarah, 56. 
Stuart, Gilbert Charles, 68. 
Sturgis, Margaret Dawes (Appleton), 
Ruflell, 69. 
Sumner, Gen., 16. 

Charles, 103. 
Swift, Betfey, loi. 


Tapper, Hannah, 81. 
Tell, WUliam, 4. 
Thayer, Drufilla, loi. 
Jacob, 59. 

Hannah (Dawes), 59. 
Thomas, Ebenezer, 55. 

Lydia (Dawes), 55. 
Thompfon, Emma, 89. 
Tidd, Charles, 80. 
Emily, 80. 
Hannah, 79. 
Harriet, 80. 
Jacob, 29, 79. 
Lucy, 80. 
Ruth, 80. 

Ruth (Dawes), 76, 77, 78, 79. 
Sarah, 79, 80. 
Sufan S., 80. 
William, 80. 
William Dawes, 80. 
Torrey, Lydia, 100. 

William, 100. 
Townfend, Sheppy, 29. 
Trafk, Rebecca, 69. 
Treadwell, Deborah, 95. 
Trumbull, Col., 63, 
Tucker, Grace, 67. 
Lewis, 67. 
Turner, Henry Charles, 55. 
Tyrrell, Ifaac, 99. 
Lydia, 99. 
Lydia (Harden), 99^ 


Ulm, Edward, 94. 
Lavina, 94. 

Index of Names. 


Underwood, Anthony, 59. 
Elizabeth, 59. 
Jane (Plaice), 59. 


Van Dorn, Mary M., 89. 
Van Houten, Mary R. W., 89. 
Vaughan, Hannah (Dawes), 54. 

Nathaniel, 54. 
Ventrum, Andrew, 61, 62. 
Vining, Abigail (Dawes), 104. 
. Jofiah, 104. 


Wadland, Elizabeth, 73. 
Wakefield, 43. 
Walker, Gara F., 92. 

Edward V., 92. 

Ilaac, 54. 

Lydia (Dawes), 54. 

Mahitable May (Dawes), 92, 

Nick Willoughby, 92. 

Smith, 92. 

William R., 92. 

William S., 93. 
Ward, Lucy (Tidd), 80. 

R., 80. 
Warren, Jofeph, Dr., 3, 6, 8, 9, 10, 16, 

Wafhington, George, Gen., 38. 
Waters, Abigail (Dawes), 57 to 59. 

Anna (Linton), 59. 

Jofiah, 59. 

Jofiah, Capt., 23, 24, 59, 76. 

Jofiah, Col., 3» 9» I9> 20, 23, 59. 

Lawrence, 59. 

Mary, 59. 

Waters, Mary (Hudfon), 59. 

Samuel, 59. \ 

Watfon, John Lee, Rev., 10, 11. 
Webfter, Mary (Dawes), 50, 53. 
Weld, Rebecca, 79. 
Samuel, 79. 
Wells, Mark, 10 1. 

Rofina (Dawes), loi. 
Wefton, Dolly, 93. 

Elizabeth, 93. 
Elizabeth (Dawes), 93. 
Emma, 93. 
Hattie A., 93. 
Helen, 93. 
Hiram Irving, 93. 
John C, 93. 
Laura A., 93. 
May, 93. 
Thomas, 93. 
Wetherheads, 62. 
Wheeler, Rebecca, 69. 
Wheelock, Eleazar, Rev. Dr., 75. 
Wheitleys, 62. 
Whipple, Hannah (Dawes), 67. 

Oretta, 91. 
Whifton, 26, 27. 
White, Abigail, 99. 
Andrew, 61. 
Dora, 92. 
Jacob, 99. 
Ruth, 99. 
Sarah, 99. 
Sufannah, 86. 
Whitehom, Sarah, 100. 
Whitney, Eleanor, 95. 
James L, 7. 
Jofiah Dwight, 95. 
Loui(a (Goddard), 95. 
Whitwell, William, 73. 
Wilber, Harriet, 102. 


Index of Names. 

Wilder, Lucy, 79. 
Williams, Dr., icx>. 

Abigail, 25, 83. 

Charles Howard, 103. 

Elizabeth (Bailey), 99. 

Ifaac, 103. 

Jofeph, 25. 

Lucretia (Dawes), 103. 

Mary J. (Hunter), 103. 
Willis, Sarah, 85. 
Willoughby, Nick, 92. 

Wills, Mary L. (BaflTett), 94. 
Wilfon, Jane Rofe (Dawes), 90. 

Marodret, 81. 

Samuel A., 90. 
Windle, Caroline A., 102. 
Windfor, Compliance, 81. 
Winthrop, John, 42, 48. 
Wook, Maria Alice (Knight), 91 

William, 91. 
Wyman, Amos, 16.