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** f 


tDilliam Sumner ^ppUlon* 




William Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 




^ JUN 3 1904 ■'■) 


■Pff/DGE, ^"^^ 


^. ^ 

Reprinted from New-England Historical and Genealogical Register 

for July, 1904. 


William Sumner Appleton, a life member of the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society, was born January 11, 1840, in Bos- 
ton, Mass. ; he died there April 28, 1903, after an illness of several 
months. He was the elder son of the late Hon. Nathan Appleton 
by his second wife, Harriot Coffin Sumner, both of Boston. His 
father, who died in July, 1861, will long be remembered as a prom- 
inent merchant, whose large enterprise, distinguished ability, and 
sterling character honored the city of his residence, which he served 
with eminent success as its representative in the State Legislature, 
and for three terms in Congress. The late Hon. Robert C. Win- 
throp, in a Memorial Tribute, published in the Proceedings of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society (Vol. v : p. 250), eulogized him as 
a man of unsullied integrity, a wise and prudent counsellor, and a 
citizen who had enjoyed through life the esteem, respect, and confi- 
dence of the community in which he lived. 

William Sumner was a descendant* of Samuel Appleton, Sr., of 
Little Waldingfield, England, later one of the early settlers of Ips- 
wich, Mass., and a Deputy to the General Court in 1637, and of 
Judith Everard, his wife. The second son of the emigrant, Samuel 
Jr., also born in Little Waldingfield, came to New England with his 
father ; was Major and Commander-in-Chief of the Massachusetts 
troopsf in the great Swamp-fight, a Deputy 1668, and onward, and 
an Assistant in 1681, and later ; his son Isaac was a Lieutenant in 
the Port Royal Expedition in 1707, and Major of the Essex County 
regiment ; and his son, Isaac Jr., was a Lieutenant in the Provincial 
Militia in 1771. On his mother's side he was descended from Wil- 
liam Sumner, one of the early settlers of Dorchester, Mass., and a 
Deputy in the General Court in 1666, and later. 

♦ The line of descent was Samuel,* of Little Waldingfield and Ipswich, died in Row- 
ley, Mass., and Judith Everard; Samuel,* of Ipswich, and Mary Oliver; Isaac,^ of Ips- 
wich, and Priscilla Baker; Isaac,* of Ipswich, and Elizabeth Sawyer; Isaac,^ of 
Now Ipswich, N. H., and Mary Adams; Nathan,' and Harriot Coffin Sumner; William 

t See " General Register, Society of Colonial Wars," 1899-1902, pp. 550, 551. 

He married, August 12, 1871, in Berne, Switzerland, Edith 
Stuart, daughter of William Stuart Appleton, and of Georgiana L. 
F. Armistead, whose father was an officer in the U. S. Army. Mrs. 
Edith S. Appleton was born in Baltimore, Md., and died January 
20, 1892 ; a eon and four daughters survive them. 

When that admirable teacher the late Epos Sargent Dixwell re- 
linquished the charge of the Boston Public Latin School, which he 
conducted with such distinguished success for many years, he oj)ened 
a private school in Boston, to prepare boys for college, and young 
Appleton was one of his first pupils. The training he there received 
was careful and thorough, and he entered Harvard in 1856, taking 
at once a high rank, and graduating in the upper half of his class in 
1860 ; later he entered the Law School, and received the degree of 
LL.B. in 1865, but never engaged in professional work. How ac- 
curate was his scholarship, especially in the languages, was constantly 
evident in his later years ; his translation of a German article on the 
voyages of the Northmen, his remarks on the character and writings 
of the late Emile Belot, his letter on Count Rochambeau, — com- 
munications to the Massachusetts Historical Society, — all showing 
how closely he kept in touch with Continental literature, especially 
when bearing on American history, are sufficient proof of our state- 
ment ; while the grace and ease with which he rendered the epigraphs 
on the coins and medals he loved so much to study, and his ready 
response when asked for an explanation of some puzzling Latin in- 
scription, testified to the exactness of his classical training. I think 
it may truly be said that few equalled him, and none excelled him, 
in his skillful and often epigrammatic versions of the condensed 
legends, or the fragmentary bits of verse from some one of the old 
Roman poets, which such pieces often bear, but whose meaning, fre- 
quently half concealed, rather hints at than reveals the significance 
of the devices they display and veils in pleasing mystery the thought 
of their designer. I recall no American numismatist, save perhaps 
the late Professor Anthon, who so happily read these legends, and 
interpreted medallic symbols. And it was the historic side of these 
numismatic charades, — if I may so style them, — and not the fanciful 
garb they wear, which aroused his interest. 

As illustrative of this trait of Mr. Appleton's character, I may 
mention his attitude towards two very different classes of medieval 
pieces, which yet have certain points of resemblance. The curious 
alchemistic and astrological medals, with their triangles and penta- 
gons, their mystical planetary emblems, and their solemnly absurd 
invocations of spirits, angelic or otherwise, amused him, but failed 
entirely to attract his study. He regarded them as merely showing 
a singular phase of what passed for learning in the period when they 
were struck, but utterly worthless from the historian's point of view. 
On the other hand, pieces like the remarkable series of thalers, — 
quite as mystical in their devices to an ordinary obse^'ver, — which 

were coined by Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, during the Thirty 
Years' War (most, if not all, in the eventful year of 1643), had for 
him a peculiar charm. This group of seven pieces is known as that 
of the " Bell Thalers," from the fact that all of them bear a bell ; on 
some, it has no clapper; on some, the clapper detached, lies near it, 
while on others the bell is complete, and on one, vigorously swing- 
ing. Their mottoes too are equally unintelligible ; usually they have 
but a word or two — "sio'Nisi," "uTi sic nisi," "tandem," "sed," 
and a few letters, generally believed to be the initials of some Latin 
sentence, on the interpretation of which authorities are even now not 
entirely agreed. Coins like these, which have a distinct though not 
always an easily understood allusion to contemporary history, pos- 
sessed for him a special fascination. They courted and received his 
careful and often protracted study ; labor in this direction was a de- 
light, and he persisted in his effort to decipher their mysteries until 
the riddle was solved to his satisfaction. 

Quaint devices and baffling legends, like those to which I have 
alluded, gave zest to Mr. Appleton's taste for historical research, 
but they were by no means necessary to incite it. He prepared for 
the Massachusetts Historical Society a valuable paper (see Proceed- 
ings, Second Series, Vol. v : p. 348, et seq.) on the eminent French 
medallist, Augustin Dupr6, whose medals, — among them that com- 
memorating the victory of the Bon Homme Richard under John Paul 
Jones over the Serapis, those of Gen. Morgan and Gen. Greene 
over the British, the fine bust of Franklin with Turgot's famous 
epigram, " Eripuit caelo fvXmen " etc. (suggested by a verse in the 
Astronomicon of Manilius), and above all his charming head of Lib- 
erty, by far the most beautiful of the Peace medals which followed 
the close of the Revolution, — are well known to American collectors. 
All these medals graced his cabinet. His trenchant paper on the 
remarkable attribution of the token of an English Musical Society (a 
local issue known as the "Avalonia piece" and of a comparatively 
recent period) to an American colony and to a date a century and 
more before its issue; his exhaustive list of the Issues of the United 
States Mint ; his very complete Catalogues of Washington, Frank- 
lin, and other medals ; his descriptions of the boastful tokens of 
Admiral Vernon and the capture of Porto Bello, and others which 
need not be mentioned here, show how thoroughly he had mastered 
the connection between History and Numismatics. 

His study was by no means confined to American pieces, or the 
European issues which relate to our Colonial history. A single in- 
cident will show how wide and how minute as well, was his knowl- 
edge of ancient coins. It chanced that he one day called at the 
office of the writer to look over some recent numbers of the Conti- 
nental coin journals which came to the editorial table of the Journal 
of Numismatics. In one of these was the account of a " find," mostly 
of Roman coins, among which was one never before noticed, which 

was specially interesting as bearing the name of a Caesar previously 
unknown to historians. Having some slight familiarity with Roman 
Imperial coins, this discovery was on lines which to me were so novel 
that it had at once attracted my notice, and I called Mr. Appleton's 
attention to the item. " Oh, yes," said he, before glancing at the ac- 
count in the magazine, " I presume it belongs to such a group." And 
this was precisely the case. It is needless to say, that knowing as I 
did, and perhaps no one knew it better, his wonderful mastery of the 
science, I was yet astonished at his instantaneous placing of this 
coin from the very brief description I had given him. 

While the writer was preparing for publication the manuscript on 
" Contemporary Medals Illustrative of American Colonial History," 
left unfinished by the late Mr. C. Wyllys Betts, Mr. Appleton's 
thorough acquaintance with this interesting class of pieces was of 
great assistance ; and it was most willingly and courteously given ; 
while his familiarity with the historic events which led to their mint- 
age was equalled only by his readiness to bring examples from his 
magnificent cabinet, whenever they might serve to elucidate some 
doubtful point. 

His disquisition on " A Uniform Coinage," which was the title of 
his "Commencement part," and the fact that he was one of the 
founders of the Boston Numismatic Society in the year that he 
graduated, that he served it as its Secretary until his death, to- 
gether with his constant and regular attendance at its meetings for 
over forty years, except when abroad, and his letters to its member- 
ship while on the Continent, show how deep and genuine was his 
interest in this department of his three favorite studies — Numisma- 
tics, Heraldry and Genealogy. Indeed before he entered college he 
had begun the collection of the cabinet which, to the very close of 
his life, was an unfailing source of pleasure, and which it is earnestly 
to be hoped may be preserved intact as a monument to his memory. 
He was unceasing in his efforts to complete his series of coins and 
medals having reference to events in American history, and there 
are those who will recall his delight when he informed a few sym- 
pathetic friends of his success in obtaining originals of the rare Os- 
wego medal, and the still rarer " Diplomatic " Medal, for which he 
had long been watching, and which he exhibited and described at a 
meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society in the winter of 
1894, and to his associates in the Numismatic Society. 

Perhaps I have lingered too long over Mr. Appleton's devotion 
to coin study, which from our joint connection with the Journal of 
Numismatics, and his constant interest in its success for thirty years 
and more, I had frequent occasion to recognize, to the very close of 
his life. And yet I am inclined to believe that that devotion may 
have been the key to his interest in the kindred topic of heraldry, 
out of which grew in turn his love of genealogical research. It has 
well been said that " heraldry is one of the innumerable auxiliary 

sciences which an accomplished coin-connoisseur must know." And 
surely this was an accepted article in his creed. The mediaeval 
German crowns, of which he had many choice examples, are espe- 
cially rich in heraldic devices. They furnish the student who knows 
how to read them with a store of information concerning the family 
alliances of German princes, for which he will vainly seek in the 
meagre chronicles that are accessible in our libraries, and their tes- 
timony is beyond dispute. These coins have been well catalogued 
by Madai (1757-74), and still more completely in the later 
Schulthess-Rechberg work (1840-67). The latter identifies and 
thoroughly explains the armorial bearings, which the former neg- 
lects. With both of these works Mr. Appleton was familiar. 

His knowledge of the science of heraldry, and of its history, was 
very exact ; and in saying this we do not mean that he merely pos- 
sessed that superficial skill which is content with the ability to blazon 
a coat correctly. He knew the origin and significance of many 
family devices, their history, their "differences," and the marriages 
recorded by their quarterings ; but he had little sympathy with the 
fanciful interpretations which some of the old writers assign to he- 
raldic charges. He read cum grano salis what Dugdale and Guillim, 
Camden and Leigh, and Dame July ana Bemers,. in the " Boke of 
St. Albans," have gravely told us concerning their occult meaning. 
He might perhaps have accepted Lindsay's declaration, in his "Let- 
ters on Christian Art," that heraldry is the last remnant of ancient 
symbolism, but he would hardly have admitted without qualification 
his further statement, that "the griffins and unicorns, the fesses and 
chevrons, the very tinctures and colors, are all symbolical, each 
having its mystical meaning." He regretted the popular belief that 
" the gentle science " is a mere catalogue of terms, "full of voices to 
those who understand them," perhaps, but utterly unintelligible to all 
the world beside ; and in the Heraldic Journal, with which he was 
connected for the three years of its all too brief existence, and the 
third volume of which he edited, he labored earnestly to dispel that 
supreme ignorance of the simplest rudiments of heraldry, which has 
led so many thoughtless people in America to assume arms to which 
they have not the shadow of right, simply because " Burke's Armory " 
tells them such arms are used by some English family, whose name 
chances to be identical with their own. 

In an "Autobiographical Statement," found among his papers after 
his death, he mentions among the things which he hoped might be 
associated with his memory, that in 1885 he " established the arms 
and seal of Harvard University, for which " he " received the formal 
thanks of the Corporation." One other note in this statement is so 
characteristic of Mr. Appleton's frank declarations of his convictions, 
that it must not be omitted here. He wrote : " I am one of those 
who object to the naked boys over the door of Boston's Public 


Library, as poor in art, worse as part of a seal, and worst of all in 
their offensive vulgarity." 

Of his genealogical work it seems almost needless to say a word 
to the readers of the Register. From 1863 to 1872, he served on 
its Publishing Committee ; his papers on family history were occa- 
sionally printed in its pages. His first contribution to this subject, 
on the " Family of Nathaniel Sparhawk, of Cambridge," appeared 
in April, 1865 ; this, was followed in the next issue by that on " The 
Family of Badcock in Massachusetts," which he reprinted (cor- 
rected and enlarged) in 1881 ; in 1868 he contributed notes on the 
Puffer Family, and in 1874, a paper on the Descendants of William 
Sawyer. Other genealogies of greater or less length, chiefly in 
his own ancestral lines, he printed privately, or in the Register. 
A very complete bibliography of his literary labors may be found 
in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society for Oc- 
tober, 1903 ; this was carefully prepared by his associate, Mr. 
Charles C. Smith, and covers four pages. To that list a single 
addition may perhaps be made. When in Europe, a few years 
after he graduated, he found a curious volume in manuscript, en- 
titled " The Book of Coates And Creasts, Begonne the 2d of May, 
1602, by Wm. Smith, Rougedragon," and containing upwards of 
four thousand coats, nearly all blazoned in their proper tinctures. 
He had begun to print a limited edition of this valuable work in 
the summer of 1872. It was not completed when the great fire ot 
1872 destroyed all but one or two copies of the finished sheets, and 
he never resumed the publication. He left in manuscript an inter- 
esting translation of a German book, " Die Hofe der Mediatisirten," 
which it is hoped may yet be published. 

While abroad, Mr. Appleton's love of genealogical research led 
him to give much time to the study of wills and of early Parish 
Registers in various places, and how successful he was in obtaining 
the information he sought is evident from his contributions to the 
several family histories which have been mentioned. His thorough 
acquaintance with the genealogical work which has made such won- 
derful progress in the last quarter of a century in America rendered 
it easy for him to discern the importance of many of the records he 
found in these investigations ; one of less experience or acuteness of 
judgment would have passed them without recognition. The knowl- 
edge thus acquired, — much of which of course was entirely aside 
from the special investigations in which he was engaged, — was often 
of service to his friends, and was most freely and willingly given. 
His memory for names and family connections was remarkable, and 
thus, when studying the vital records contained in the Parish Regis- 
ters of rural churches in England he found entries which might be 
of interest to some student at home, he was quick to recognize their 
value, and it gave him pleasure to bring them to the attention of 

those who had been baffled in searching for the clue which he had 

In this connection I may be pardoned for mentioning that, on his 
return from his last visit abroad, Mr. Appleton gave me the refer- 
ence to a certain will that he found in London, which made it pos- 
sible for me to trace my own ancestral line to its home in Essex, 
England. The editor of the Register has informed me of a similar 
courtesy in his own experience, which enabled him to locate definitely 
the English ancestry of the Tayer, or Thayer, family* ; and other in- 
stances might be given of his cordial and sympathetic aid, and of the 
happy results which followed his wise suggestions to genealogical 
students. The ability to recognize the connection between these 
hidden sources of material for New England family history and the 
lines of descent on this side of the ocean, and their importance to 
American genealogists, at that period at least when he began his 
researches abroad, required not only a familiarity with what had al- 
ready been accomplished in genealogical research, but also a peculiar 
faculty, and a ready memory not alone of American but of English 
records and the places where they could be found ; and these ad- 
vantages Mr. Appleton possessed in an unusual degree. 

In the " Statement " to which reference has been made above, he 
could well say, and without the slightest vanity, " I claim the credit 
of the discovery of the two ' Candler manuscripts ' in the Bodleian 
Library at Oxford, and the recognition of their value to American 
genealogists. I also claim the credit, at least equally with any other 
person, of first calling the attention to the importance to American 
genealogists and families, of the wills at Doctors' Commons, in Her 
Majesty's Principal Registry of Probate," in Somerset House, Lon- 
don . It was his recognition of the wealth of this mine of informa- 
tion, if I may so call it, then unexplored by American students, that 
led him to take so deep an interest in the Society's Committee of 
English Research, of which he was for some years the chairman. I 
am permitted to give the following extracts from letters written by 
Mr. Henry F. Waters to Mr. Appleton. Under date of London, 
22 Feb., 1896, he said: "While I regret to learn how small a 
chance you think there is for going on, as before, another year, let 
me express my hearty thanks for your five years' efforts. How much 
these New England genealogists and family historians owe you and 
Mr. Goodwin for the way in which you have kept up this work I — 
probably how little they realize the bother and trouble and sacrifice oh 
your parts. For myself, I think I do realize it, and I feel most grate- 
ful for it all." And in a later letter from London, dated August 11, 
1897, he wrote again : "I deeply regret that our long and to me 

♦"While passing through Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England, Mr. Appleton visited 
St. Mary's Churcn, where he noticed a tablet to the memory of John Tayer, and so in- 
formed Mr. Woods, who knew that the emigrants Thomas and Richard came to New 
England from the west of England, but had not absoluteJiy determined the locality. 


very agreeable relationship in the matter of these English researches 
is about to come to an end. I could not expect to find any other 
chairman of committee so heartily in sympathy with my work ; for 
it is a work into wliich you entered long before I attempted it. We 
have indeed accomplished much during these six years that you have 
held the chairmanship, and I feel very grateful that you have held 
on so long. To you and Mr. Goodwin the thanks of very many 
beside myself are due for what, I think I can say without vanity, 
must be deemed tlie most valuable contributions to the Register 
(on the whole), for nearly a dozen years." 

In the early days of the Register, Mr. Appleton was one of " The 
Register Club," which was composed of gentlemen who aided in sus- 
taining tlie magazine and ensuring its continued publication, before 
the public interest in genealogy had made such support no longer 
necessary. He served in 1865, 1868, and 1870. 

In May, 1869, Mr. Appleton was elected a member of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, and to the close of his life took an ac- 
tive interest in its work ; in April, 1873, he was chosen one of its 
Standing Committee, and the following year its Cabinet-Keeper, 
which position he filled for six years. He was one of the Record 
Commissioners of Boston from 1875 until that Commission was 
abolished in July, 1892, serving without compensation; in the dis- 
charge of that duty he was associated with the late Mr. William H. 
Whitmore, also a member of the Historical Society and of the New- 
England Historic Genealogical Society. He edited three volumes 
of the Commission's Reports, the Ninth and the Twenty-fourth, 
"Boston Births," etc., covering the period from 1630 to 1800, and 
the Twenty-first, " Dorchester Births, Deaths and Marriages." 

He joined the New-England Historic Genealogical Society in 
February, 1859, and became a life member in 1864; in November, 
1878, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, and in November, 1892, an Honorary Member of the 
American Numismatic and Archaeological Society, of New York, of 
which he had previously been a Corresponding Member for many 
years. He was a founder of the Bostonian Society, and one of its 
directors, serving in all ten years ; he was also a member of other 
learned societies devoted to the special subjects in which he was 
interested, while his frequent, and one might say his systematic, 
visits to the Libraries of the Historical and Genealogical Societies, 
the Boston Athenaeum, and the Public Library, kept him well in- 
formed in the literature of his favorite studies. 

Mr. Appleton will be greatly missed, but it was truly said by his 
biographer, Mr. Charles C. Smith, in his Memoir read before the 
Historical Society, that he has " left a bright example of large and 
faithful service." 

















Society, October, 1903.] 



©Inibcrsitg i9rcss» 


OS l'i>SGH»^ 

J UN 3 1904 



'\ / ' '' '■ r 




William Sumner Applbton was born in Boston January 
11, 1840, and died in his native city April 28, 1903. He was 
the elder son of the Hon. Nathan Appleton, for nearly thirty 
years a member of this Society, and for three sessions a Rep- 
resentative in Congress from the Boston district, by his 
second wife, Harriot CofBn, daughter of Jesse Sumner, of 
Boston. On both his father's side and his mother^s he was 
descended from ancestors who were among the first settlei*s 
of Massachusetts, Samuel Appleton at Ipswich and William 
Sumner at Dorchester. Of his father it was truly said, not 
long after his death, that he was "a merchant of large en- 
terprise and unsullied integrity ; a member of many learned 
societies ; a writer of many able essays on commerce and cur- 
rency ; a wise and prudent counsellor in all private and public 
affairs ; who had served with marked distinction in the legis- 
lative halls both of the State and of the nation, and who had 
enjoyed through life the esteem, respect, and confidence of the 
community in which he lived." ^ And in the equally just 
words of another : '' Emphatically a merchant, his mind was 
not narrowed nor his heart contracted by the influence of a spe- 
cial calling. His inquiry and his information were extensive. 
Acquainted with political history and the principles of civil 
government, with all questions of national finance, with some 
branches of physical science, with Christian theology and bib- 
lical criticism, so far as was needful for the stability or the 

1 Memoir by Hon. Robert C. Wintbrop in Proceedings, vol. v. p. 260. 

defence of his own faith, he was ready to communicate the 
fruits of his research for the benefit of others." ^ Such was 
the example which was set before young Appleton as he was 
growing up, and such the sturdy and sterling qualities which 
he afterward exhibited in his own life and character. 

As a small boy he was sent to a boarding-school at Jamaica 
Plain, then kept by Mr. Cornelius M. Vinson, which had 
enjoyed a wide reputation under the management of Mr. 
Charles W. Greene, its first principal. He was fitted for college 
in the private Latin School of Mr. Epes S. Dixwell, who had 
recently resigned the head mastership of the Boston Latin 
School, and who was the most eminent classical teacher in this 
community. The thoroughness of his preparation was seen 
in his high rank in the first three years of his college course. 
He graduated in 1860 in the first half of his class, being en- 
titled to a part at Commencement, a disquisition on " A Uni- 
form Coinage." This assignment shows, as does his election to 
membership in the New England Historic-Genealogical Society, 
in February, 1859, while he was a Junior in college, at how 
early a period those tastes were developed which he afterward 
cultivated so assiduously and so successfully ; and it is little 
matter for surprise that he did not gain the high distinction in 
college which might have been anticipated for him if his atten- 
tion had not been diverted by other, and to him more fasci- 
nating, studies. In the year in which he graduated he was one 
of the founders of the Boston Numismatic Society, and he was 
its secretary from that time until his death. His interest in 
coins and medals dates back to his boyhood, and is mentioned 
in some of his earliest letters. This study never lost its at- 
tractiveness for him, and was pursued to the end of his life. 
At his death his collection, which was remarkable both for the 
beauty and the rarity of its specimens, included about twelve 
thousand coins and three thousand medals, the greater part of 

1 Sermon preached July 21, 1861, the Sunday after the Funeral of the late 
lion. Nathan Appleton, by Ezra S. Gannett, D.D., p. 17. 

which he had himself catalogued with great minuteness. Be- 
sides being one of the original members of the Numismatic 
Society, he was one of the Publishing Committee of the 
American Journal of Numismatics from 1870 to 1891, and made 
many short communications to it. Closely akin to his interest 
in numismatics, and growing out of it, was his interest in 
heraldry, which he had thoroughly studied and well mastered. 
Probably no person on this side of the Atlantic had a mor6 
minute and more comprehensive knowledge of the subject ; and 
his opinion on any question connected with it was wellnigh 
conclusive. From 1865 to 1868 he was one of the Publishing 
Committee of the short-lived Heraldic Journal^ and wrote 
much for it. In 1867, at the early age of twenty-seven, he was 
honored with an appointment as one of the commission to at- 
tend the annual assay of the United States Mint. It was a 
well-merited compliment, and reflected scarcely less honor 
on the administration which conferred it than it did on the re- 
cipient. Prom 1864 to 1872 he was one of the Publishing 
Committee of the New England Historical and Genealogical 

Immediately after graduating Mr. Appleton spent two 
months in travel in Canada and the Western States ; and in 
April, 1862, he went abroad for the first of six visits to Europe, 
passing most of the summer and autumn in Great Britain, and 
reaching home at the end of November. Linheriting from his 
father, who died in 1861, and his mother, who died in 1867, an 
ample fortune, he had no need to pursue any gainful pro- 
fession ; but he nevertheless entered the Cambridge Law School, 
and graduated in July, 1865, with the degree of LL.B. J Two 
weeks later he again sailed for Europe. He remained abroad 
a little more than a year, and travelled in France, Belgium, 
Holland, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Turkey, Palestine, 
Egypt, Greece, and Italy. During a large part of this trip he 
had Phillips Brooks, afterward Bishop Brooks, as his travelling 
companion, and for four weeks in the Holy Land they rode side 

by side during the day, and slept every night in the same tent. 
In less than two years after his return, in June, 1868, he 
started for a journey around the world. Besides the countries 
already mentioned he visited Ireland, Denmark, Sweden, Rus- 
sia, Poland, Dalmatia, Montenegro, and Spain ; and in January, 
1869, he sailed from Marseilles for Bombay and the Far East. 
After travelling in Hindostan and visiting most of the acces- 
sible places of interest in the Philippines, China, and Japan, 
he reached home by the way of San Francisco in the autumn 
of 1869. While absent he was elected, in May, 1869, a member 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society ; and for nearly thirty- 
four years, whether at home or abroad, he took a deep and 
active interest in the work of the Society. In a letter to the 
writer of this memoir, from Pyrmont in June, 1887, he ex- 
pressed a strong wish to have the serial parts of the Pro- 
ceedings sent to him, and added : ^^ It is a pleasure to keep 
up with the work of the Society, and there might chance 
occasionally to be a suggestion of something which one could 
do on this side the water." 

In February and March, 1871, he visited the Southern States 
and Cuba. But this seems only to have increased his fond- 
ness for more distant travel ; and in the following June he 
went again to Europe, remaining abroad rather more than a 
year. On this visit, August 12, 1871, he was married, at the 
United States Legation in Berne, Switzerland, to Edith Stuart, 
daughter of his cousin William Stuart Appleton, of Baltimore, 
Maryland. His eldest child, a daughter, was born in Paris, 
before his return to Boston. 

The next four years were passed at home ; and at the annual 
meeting of this Society in April, 1873, he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Standing Committee. At the end of a year's ser- 
vice he was elected Cabinet-Keeper, which office he filled for 
six years. On the creation of the Record Commission of Bos- 
ton, in 1875, he was appointed one of the two Commissioners, 
and he held this office, to which no salary was attached, until 

the Commission was abolished in July, 1892. As a Commis- 
sioner he edited the Ninth Report, '' Boston Births, Bap- 
tisms, Marriages, and Deaths, 1630-1699 " ; the Twenty-first 
Report, ^^ Dorchester Births, Deaths, and Marriages " ; and 
the Twenty-fourth Report, " Boston Births, 1700-1800." 

In November, 1876, he went to Europe for the fifth time, 
returning in June, 1877. During this visit he extended his 
travels to the islands of Sicily and Malta. After his return, 
in November, 1878, he was elected a Fellow of the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences in Class III., Section II., Phi- 
lology and Archaeology. He never, however, contributed 
anything to the printed Transactions of the Academy. 

After remaining at home for nearly nine years, actively 
engaged in his favorite pursuits, he sailed, in May, 1886, for 
his last and longest visit to Europe, returning in June, 1889. 
Most of the time was passed in Germany, France, England, 
Belgium, Holland, and Italy ; and for two successive sum- 
mers he resided in the little town of Pyrmont, once a noted 
watering-place, in Germany, not far from Hanover, where he 
spent one winter. A little more than two years after his 
return, January 20, 1892, his wife died. The remainder of 
his life was spent quietly, a part of each year in a new house 
which he had built on Beacon Street, near Hereford Street, 
and a part on his large and beautiful estate near Oak Hill, 
Newton Centre. For a country life he acquired a genuine 
taste, and often spoke of his reluctance to come into town. 
He found a congenial occupation in cutting his own trees and 
overseeing the routine of a farmer's life. 

In 1898 Mr. Appleton drew up a short paper which was 
found after his death in an envelope marked ''Autobio- 
graphical Statement," and which begins as follows : " A short 
memoir of my life must be written for several Societies to 
which I belong, the most important perhaps being that for 
the Massachusetts Historical Society. I hope that in that one 
at least something may be printed to the following effect, be- 


ing all that I care to leave in the form of an autobiographical 
statement." This paper is so characteristic of the writer that 
a biographer would find small excuse for not complying with 
so plain an injunction. With one or two unimportaat omis- 
sions it is here given just as it was written : " It has been 
my fortune, or misfortune, to be generally in the minority. I 
have always belonged to a religious body which is small in 
acknowledged numbers, even if it has been, as I think, of far 
greater influence than mere figures would warrant ; and in 
this body I seem at this date to be in a small minority, one 
of those who adhere to old-fashioned, conservative, Christian 
Unitarianism. I was an independent in politics long before 
the mugwump was imagined, and almost never voted a straight 
party ticket, but declined to allow my name to be brought be- 
fore nominating conventions, republican and democratic. . . . 
I have alone voted no in a meeting of my class at Harvard, and 
did not regret it.\I was one of those who voted against the 
amendment which allows a pauper to be chosen Governor of 
the Common wealth, 3 I have always regretted the death of 
the Election Sermon and the murder of Fast Day. \JL am one. 
of those, apparently few in this country, who think that things 
are not necessarily bad because old or old-fashioned, and there- 
fore I deeply regret that Harvard's catalogue of her graduates 
is no longer printed in Latin. I am one of those who object 
to the naked boys over the door of Boston's Public Library, as 
poor in art, worse as part of a seal, and worst of all in their 
offensive vulgarity." \ 

To this he added P'' I claim the credit of the discovery of 
the two * Candler ' manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at 
Oxford, and the recognition of their value to American gene- 
alogists. I also claim the credit, at least equally with any 
other person, of first calling attention to the importance for 
American genealogists and families of the wills at Doctors' 
Commons, now Her Majesty's Principal Registry of Probate. 
... In 1885 I established the arms and seal of Harvard 


University, for which I received the formal thanks of the 

Filed with this statement was a copy of a clause in a will 
drawn up by him in June, 1868, before his marriage, " which 
circumstances happily kept from realization," and of which he 
very much wished mention should be made in any record of 
his life. By it he gave to fifteen trustees, most of whom are 
no longer living, but two of whom are still members of this 
Society, " the sum of two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, 
together with my real estate lying on Commonwealth Avenue 
and Clarendon Street in said Boston, being two lots, — to be 
held by them in trust, and for such uses and purposes as are 
understood by the words ' Gallery of Art and School of De- 
sign,' and I desire that they should become and be a cor- 
poration of fifteen members, with power to fill any vacancies in 
their number, and that the consent and assent of nine should 
be necessary to any act in order to be binding ; and that a 
suitable building be erected on the land in their hands at an 
expense not to exceed one hundred and twenty-five thousand 
dollars. I also give them all works of art, such as paintings, 
which are in my possession, and which are not family memo- 
rials, and my wish and. hope is, that such action should be 
taken by them as that the collection of works of art belonging 
to the Boston Athenseum should be permanently placed in 
the building to be erected by them. And my object in this 
bequest is to contribute as far as possible to the improvement 
and development of the Fine Arts in this country, to which 
end I earnestly desire the above-named trustees to labor in 
the exercise of this trust which I give to them, confiding in 
their ability and readiness to perform the same so that it may 
be a means of great benefit." ^ It is within the recollection of 
some of the older members of this Society that the provisions 

1 The will from which this is an extract was drawn up before the first move- 
ment for establishing the Museum of Fine Arts. That institution was noi 
incorporated until February, 1870. 


of another will of later date, by which the Society would have 
greatly benefited, were rendered of no effect by the escape of 
Mr. Appleton and his family from the perils of ocean naviga- 
tion and foreign travel at a time when those perils had been 
very deeply impressed on the minds of Bostonians going abroad. 
Before leaving this subject it may be proper to add t5hat by 
his last will, dated April 25, 1902, Mr. Appleton gave in a cer- 
tain remote contingency a very valuable and important part 
of his collection of medals and coins to the Historical Society ; 
and in another more remote contingency he directed the trus- 
tees under his will to pay over specified sums to numerous 
literary, scientific, and charitable societies or institutions, the 
first of which was this Society, and among the others were 
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the New 
England Historic-Genealogical Society. 

Mr. Appleton's investigations in numismatics, heraldry, and 
genealogy, the studies which earliest and longest engaged his 
attention, were thorough, exact, and methodical. He was 
never satisfied until he had reached the final result ; and in 
the case of the Sumner Genealogy he printed ten supplements. 
He never allowed himself to be deceived by pretentious claims 
to family antiquity and high descent based on no sufficient 
foundations ; and he remorselessly pricked many bubble repu- 
tations. Besides his numerous contributions to the various 
periodicals of which he was either an editor or contributor, 
Mr. Appleton printed separately at least ten genealogies and 
other works. The earliest of these was an account, printed 
in 1867, of the "Ancestry of Mary Oliver," wife of Samuel 
Appleton, Jr., of Ipswich, son of the first immigrant, with an 
Appendix. His next publication was an elaborate account, 
printed in the following year, of the " Cranes of Chilton," from 
whom also he was descended. In the Introduction to it he 
makes a very characteristic statement, which shows how 
thorough and accurate was his work : *' In preparing this 
record of a line of my own ancestry, I am glad to have an 


opportunity of showing the richness of genealogical material 
in England, and also the great difficulty of forming a sure and 
true pedigree. The Cranes of Chilton, though belonging to the 
gentry of the county of Suffolk, were by no means an impor- 
tant family in English history ; yet I have been able to examine 
at least twenty manuscripts, giving a genealogy of this race, 
no one of which is free from mistake." This was followed 
two years afterward by a third contribution to his family 
genealogy, in a still larger volume on the "Ancestry of Pris- 
cilla Baker," wife of Isaac Appleton, of Ipswich. " The chief 
reason for printing this volume," he says in his Introduction, 
" is the opportunity which it gives of preparing better and 
fuller genealogies of the families of Symonds and Reade than 
can be found in any book which I have ever seen/' It is a 
perfect storehouse of wills and other documents relating to 
the families mentioned. Next we have, in 1873 and 1874, two 
editions of the " Genealogy of the Appleton Family." Of 
these only a very small number of copies were printed, as a 
rough sketch of a larger Genealogy of the family in its various 
branches which it was his intention and hope to prepare, but 
which was left unfinished at his death. His largest and most 
important work in this field was the " Record of the De- 
scendants of William Sumner, of Dorchester, Mass., 1636," 
published in 1879, and continued by supplementary leaflets 
almost to the last year of his life. After a considerable inter- 
val he printed, in 1893, an important collection of " Early 
Wills illustrating the Ancestry of Harriot Coffin, with Genea- 
logical and Biographical Notes " ; and this was followed in 
1896 by " Gatherings toward a Genealogy of the Coffin Fam- 
ily." In 1899 he prepared and printed a small pamphlet en- 
titled " The Family of Armistead of Virginia." This embodied 
little original research, but was mainly an abridgment and 
rearrangement of a larger genealogy prepared by Lyon G. 
Tyler, President of William and Mary College, and printed in 
the Quarterly of that institution. " The reason of my own 


interest in the family," says Mr. Apple ton, " appears in the 
sixth generation. I have therefore arranged in simple genea- 
logical shape so much of the matter in the Quarterly as was 
necessary for the purpose," which was to trace his wife's 
ancestry. His last genealogical publication was issued a 
little more than a year before his death under the title of 
" Family Letters from the Bodleian Library, with Notes." 
The collection comprises thirty-six letters relating to the fam- 
ily of Appleton of Little Waldingfield, the immediate rela- 
tives of the imrbigrant to New England. An examination of 
these independent publications shows how persistent was the 
energy which he put into his genealogical researches, and fully 
justifies his reputation as a genealogist. 

His wide travels had stored his mind with a fund of useful 
knowledge, and on many subjects he was an authority of the 
first rank. Few men were more constant in their attendance 
at the meetings of this Society, or more frequent in their visits 
to the rooms at other times ; and in these visits the Publishing 
Committees were indebted to him for many valuable sugges- 
tions. His interest in the broader aspects of history, it must 
be said, was subsidiary to his interest in his earlier studies, 
and his numerous communications in the Proceedings, which 
were usually quite short, were mainly illustrative of them. 
His first important communication, and one of the longest, was 
made in April, 1870, at a very agreeable social meeting held 
at the house in Beacon Street, which had been the residence 
of his father and mother. He then exhibited a rare collection 
of coins and medals relating to America, and communicated a 
minute description of them which is printed in the eleventh 
volume of the Proceedings. In October, 1872, at the first 
meeting after his return from his fourth visit to Europe, he 
communicated some interesting letters of Paul Jones. In 
September, 1873, he read a short paper on a curious French 
caricature relating to the Scioto Company ; and in the follow- 
ing January he read a paper on the seal of Jamaica, which 


probably suggested the design for the great seal of New 
England. At the meeting, three months later, at which he 
was elected Cabinet-Keeper, he gave an interesting description 
of the Washington medals at one time owned by Daniel 
Webster and now in the possession of this Society. In 
November, 1874, he made some remarks on the Albemarle 
portrait of Washington by Peale, a copy of which had recently 
been presented to the Society, In November of the following 
year he described some little known caricatures relating to 
the American Revolution. In June, 1882, he paid an appro- 
priate tribute to Colonel Joseph L. Chester, whose name will 
always be associated with the study of American genealogies 
in England ; and in November, 1884, he communicated for 
, the Proceedings a memoir of another well-known genealogist, 
Horatio G. Somerby. This and the memoir of William H. 
Whitmore, in May, 1901, were the only memoirs which he 
wrote for the Society. In January, 1886, he made some 
remarks on the flag carried by the company from Bedford 
during the Revolution; and in the following December he 
transmitted from Hanover, where he was then residing with 
his family, a translation of an article which had appeared in a 
German publication on the voyages of the Northmen. This 
was followed in March, 1888, by a letter from Paris on Count 
Rochambeau. Sliortly after his returi? home, in December, 
1889, he made some remarks on the character and writings 
of the late Emile Belot and on "the great literary interest in 
this country felt in Europe and especially in France " ; and at 
the next meeting he communicated some genealogical notes 
made while he was in London. These were followed in March 
by a carefully prepared paper on the great French medallist, 
Augustin Dupr^ and his Work for America ; and in May by 
some miscellaneous notes. In June, 1891, he communicated 
several interesting papers connected with the Loyal Petitions 
of 1666, with brief explanatory remarks. On the death of 
Bishop Brooks he paid a tribute to his memory at the meeting 



in February, 1893, with interesting personal recollections ; 
and at the March meeting he read a paper on Hugh Peter in 
Literature. In February, 1894, he exhibited and described 
two rare medals, the Oswego Medal and tha so-called Diplo- 
matic Medal. In March, 1895, he made one of his most im- 
portant contributions to our Proceedings, a complete roll of 
the United States Senate for the first century of its existence, 
with notes. This was a work of great labor and research, 
involving a vast amount of correspondence ; and in the end 
he was able to ascertain the date and place of death of all the 
members, eight hundred and forty-eight in number, with only 
two exceptions. A separate edition was afterward published 
for sale. Two years later he read a short paper on the char- 
acter and personal relations of the Whigs of Massachusetts 
during the period from 1840 to 1850. In February, 1898, 
after the sale of the Tremont Street estate, the stated meeting 
was held at his new house in Beacon Street, and the use ot 
his parlors was offered to the Council for any other meetings 
which it might be convenient to hold there before the com- 
pletion of the Society's new building. In December, 1899, 
he communicated a short paper on Senatorial Biography. His 
last important contribution to the Proceedings was in June, 
1901, when he read a keen and searching paper on Heraldry 
in America. 

This enumeration includes only his more important contri- 
butions to the Proceedings of the Society ; but it sufficiently 
indicates how great an interest he took in carrying on the 
work which our founders had in view, and what special fields 
of inquiry most attracted hira. He never served on any Pub- 
lishing Committee, and with the exception of one year on the 
Executive Committee and six years as Cabinet-Keeper he had 
no direct and avowed part in determining the policy of the 
Society ; but few of the so-called working members did more 
or better work, in a quiet and unobtrusive way. His written 
style was clear, direct, and forceful, but it lacked that flexibil- 


ity of expression which so often comes from constant practice, 
and in which specialists are so apt to be deficient. An ineffec- 
tive delivery and an indistinctness of speech, especially in his 
later years, detracted much from the interest with which his 
papers and remarks were listened to ; but their value was at 
once seen when written out in his clear and beautiful hand- 
writing or transferred to the printed page. 

Like his father, who printed late in life a correspondence 
with a clergyman of the Church of England on " The Doc- 
trines of Original Sin and the Trinity," Mr. Appleton was a 
steadfast Unitarian of the older school — the school of Chan- 
ning and Gannett — and looked with strong aversion on the 
latitudinarian tendencies which were creeping into the denom- 
ination. In 1896 he printed for private distribution a pam- 
phlet entitled "Views of Unitarian Belief held by a Layman of 
Boston. Written for the Unitarian Club of Boston, but never 
read before it." It was, as might have been readily anticipated, 
a vigorous and outspoken statement of his theological opinions 
and of his total dissent from the then recent action of the 
National Conference of Unitarian Churches at Saratoga. He 
felt, as did many others, that the denomination had taken a 
further step backward from the high ground assumed at the 
formation of the Conference, thirty years before, in the city of 
New York. His earliest associations were with the " Federal 
Street meeting-house," where his father regularly worshipped ; 
but after the removal of the congregation to Arlington Street, 
and later in life, he was an attendant at King's Chapel. 

In his early years he was fond of dancing and social life. 
From 1864 to 1871 he was a member of the Independent 
Corps of Cadets, and for the last four years was in command 
of a company, with the rank of first lieutenant. After his 
wife's death he did not go much into society. In college he 
belonged to few if any of the undergraduate fraternities ; but 
he was afterward a member of the Thursday Evening Club, 
which he frequently entertained at his house, and of the Union 


Club. He was also one of the founders of the Bostonian 
Society, an original member of the Eastern Yacht Club, and 
a member of the Boston Art Club, the Boston Society of 
Natural History, the Prince Society, the American Historical 
Association, and various other societies. 

He had five children, a son and four daughters, all of whom 
were living at his death. To them he left an unsullied repu- 
tation, as did his fatlier and a long line of honored ancestors 
on both sides of the Atlantic. To his associates in this Society, 
and especially to those who were brought into closest rela- 
tion with him, he left a bright example of large and faithful 

Copies of the following books and pamphlets are in the 
Library of the Historical Society. It is believed that the list 
includes all of Mr. Appleton's writings, except contributions 
to periodicals and the Proceedings of this Society which were 
not separately printed. 

Proofs that general and powerful Currents have swept and worn the 
surface of the Earth. By Nathan Appleton. [Reprinted from the 
American Journal of Science and Arts (XI. 100-104) for October, 
1826, and edited by his son.] Boston, 1862. 8vo. pp. 11. 

Family of Nathaniel Sparhawk of Cambridge. [Reprinted from the 
New-England Historical and Genealogical Register (XIX. 125-127) 
for April, 1865.] No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 2, (1). 

The Family of Badcock of Milton, Mass. [Reprinted from the New- 
England Historical and Genealogical Register (XIX. 215-219) for 
July, 1865.] No imprint. 8vo. pp. (1), 5. 

Descendants of Rev. Thomas Jenner. [Reprinted from the New- 
England Historical and Genealogical Register (XIX. 246-249) for 
July, 1865.] No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

Ancestry of Mary Oliver, who lived 1640-1698, and was wife of 
Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich. Cambridge, 1867. 8vo. pp. 29, 

The Heraldic Journal ; recording the Armorial Bearings and Gene- 
alogies of American Families. Volume III. Boston, 1867. 8vo. 
pp. viii, 192. [Mr. Appleton was editor of this volume.] 

Memorials of the Cranes of Chilton, with a Pedigree of the Family, 


and the Life of the last Representative. Cambridge, 1868. Plates 
and other illustrations. 8vo. pp. (1), (1), 1-34, chart, 39-89. 

American Journal of Numismatics, and Bulletin of American Nu- 
mismatic and Archaeological Societies. Quarterly. Vol. V. [to XXV.] 
July, 1870-July, 1871 [to April, 1891]. Committee of Publication. 
William Sumner Appleton. Samuel Abbott Green, Jeremiah Colburn 
[and William T. R. Marvin from July, 1887]. Boston, 1871 [to 
1891]. 8vo. 

Description of a Selection of Coins and Medals relating to America, 
exhibited to the Massachusetts Historical Society, April 28, 1870. Re- 
printed from the Proceedings [XI. 292-305], Cambridge, 1870. 8vo. 
pp. 16. 

Ancestry of Priscilla Baker, who lived 1674-1731, and was wife of 
Isaac Appleton, of Ipswich. Cambridge, 1870. Charts. 8vo. pp. 
(1), (1), 142. 

Family of Foster, of Charlestown, Mass. [By Edward Jacob Fors- 
ter and Mr. Appleton.] Reprinted from the New-England Historical 
and Genealogical Register [XXV. 67-71] for January, 1871. No 
imprint. 8vo. pp. 6. 

A Rough Sketch of the Appleton Genealogy. Printed for Correc- 
tion and Enlargement. Boston, 1873. 8vo. pp. 42. 

Description of Medals of Washington in the Collection of W. S. 
Appleton, Secretary of the Boston Numismatic Society. [Reprinted 
from the American Journal of Numismatics (VII. 73-78 ; VIII. 1-9, 
33-41) for April, July, and October, 1873.] Boston, 1873. 8vo. 
pp. 24. 

A Genealogy of the Appleton Family. Boston, 1874. 8vo. pp. 54, 

Issues of the United States Mint, chronologically arranged, and 
described. Reprinted from the American Journal of Numismatics (IX. 
86-89 ; X. 7-11, 38-41, 55-58, 81-83, for April, July, October, 1875, 
January and April, 1876). 1876. No place. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Record of the Descendants of William Sumner, of Dorchester, 
Mass., 1636. Boston, 1879. 8vo. pp. v, 204. 

[Thomas] Gray and [Rowland] Coytmore. Two English Wills, 
printed for W. S. Appleton. [Reprinted from the New-England 
Historical and Genealogical Register (XXXIV. 253-259) for July, 
1880.] Boston, 1880. 8vo. pp. (1), 7. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 
1881. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

Some Descendants of William Adams of Ipswich, Mass. [Enlarged 
from the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register (XVIII. 
244) for July, 1864.] Boston, 1881. 8vo. pp. (1), 8. 



The Family of Badcock of Massachusetts. [Corrected and enlarged 
from the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register (XIX. 
215-219) for July, 1865.] Boston, 1881. 8vo. pp. (1), 11. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 

1882. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 4. 

The Family of Puffer of Massachusetts. [Corrected and enlarged 
from the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register (XXII. 
288-290) for July, 1868.] Boston, 1882. 8vo. pp. (1), 9. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 

1883. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

A Report [9tli] of the Reconl Commissioners containing Boston 
Births, Baptisms, Marriages, and Deaths, 1630-1699. Boston, 1883. 
8vo. pp. vii, 281. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 
1886. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

Major-General Edwin V. Sumner. From " History of the Second 
Army Corps in the Army of the Potomac," by Brig.-Gen. Francis A. 
Walker. 1887. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 4. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 
1890. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

Augustin Dupr^, and his Work for America. Remarks made 
before the Massachusetts Historical Society, March 13, 1890. [Re- 
printed from the Proceedings (2d series, V. 348-352).] Cambridge, 
1890. 8vo. pp. 6. 

A Report [2l8t] of the Record Commissioners of the City of Bos- 
ton, containing Dorchester Births, Marriages, and Deaths to the end 
pf 1825. Boston, 1890. 8vo. pp. iv, 392. 

Some Descendants of William Sawyer of Newbury, Mass. [Cor- 
rected and Enlarged from the New-England Historical and Genealog- 
ical Register (XXVIII. 194-^198) for April, 1874.] Boston, 1891. 
8vo. pp. (1), 11. 

Positive Pedigrees and Authorized Arms of New England. [Re- 
printed from the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register 
(XLV. 187-190) for July, 1891.] Boston, 1891. 8vo. pp. 10. 

The Loyal Petitions of 1666. Remarks read before the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, June 11, 1891. [Reprinted from the Pro- 
ceedings (2d series, VI. 469-477).] Cambridge, 1891. 8vo. pp. 10. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 
1892. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

A partial Bibliography of the Sumner Family. [Boston, 1892.] 
No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 


The Family of Merriam of Massachusetts. [Corrected and Enlarged 
from the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register (XXII. 
160, 161; XXIV. 164, 165) for April, 1868, and April, 1870.] 
Boston, 1892. 8vo. pp. (1), 15. 

Early Wills illustrating the Ancestry of Harriot Coffin, with Gen- 
ealogical and Biographical Notes, by her Grandson. Boston, 1893. 
Portrait. 8vo. pp. (1), (1), 86. 

A Report [24th] of the Record Commissioners of the City of Bos- 
ton, containing Boston Births from A. d. 1700 to A. d. 1800. Boston, 

1894. 8vo. pp. iv, 379. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 

1895. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

A Century of the Senate of the United States. Prepared by Wil- 
liam S. Appleton. Communicated to the Massachusetts Historical 
Society at its Meeting 14 March, 1895, and Reprinted from its Pro- 
ceedings (2d series, X. 9-11, and charts). 8vo. pp. (1), (1), chart. 

Gatherings toward a Genealogy of the Coffin Family. Boston, 

1896. 8vo. pp. (1), (1), 53. 

Views of Unitarian Belief held by a Layman of Boston. Written 
for the Unitarian Club of Boston, but never read before it. Cambridge, 

1896. 8vo. pp. 12. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 

1897. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 5. 

The Whigs of Massachusetts. Read before the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society at the Meeting of March 11, 1897, and Reprinted from the 
Proceedings [2d series, XI. 278-282]. Cambridge, 1897. 8vo. pp. 7. 

Additions to Positive Pedigrees and Authorized Arms of New 
England/ printed in the [New-England Historical and Genealogical] 
Register for July, 1891. [Reprinted from the Register (LII. 185) 
for April, 1898.] 8vo. 1 p. 

Index to Testators in Waters's Genealogical Gleanings in England 
in the New- England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volumes 
XXXVII-LII. [Reprinted from the Register (LII. xiii-xxx) for 
October, 1898.] Boston : printed for the Society, 1898. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Same. [Another issue, printed for the author.] Boston, 1898. 
8vo. pp. 20. 

The Family of Armistead of Virginia. Printed for W. S. Apple- 
ton. [Taken from a History of the Family in Virginia by Lyon G. 
Tyler, printed in the William and Mary College Quarterly (VI. and 
VII., Richmond, 1898, 1899), and " arranged in simple genealogical 
shape" by Mr. Appleton, with some additions by him.] Cambridge, 
1899. 8vo. pp. 23. 


Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 
1900. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

Memoir of William Henry Wbitmore. [Reprinted from the Proceed- 
ings (2d series, XV. 96-104) of the Massachusetts Historical Society 
for May 9, 1901.] Cambridge, 1901. Portrait. 8vo. pp. 16. 

Additions and Corrections to Sumner Genealogy. To January, 
1902. No titlepage. 8vo. pp. 3. 

Family Letters from the Bodleian Library. With Notes. Cam- 
bridge, 1902. 8vo. pp. 68.