Gc M. L.
ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY
3 1833 01192 2520
War of the Revolution
H. W. BRYANT.
Bookseller and Publisher,
Windham in the Revolution.
Windham is one of those towns that
has a history and the story of the
stubborn resistance the early settlers
made against their Indian enemies and
against the encroachments of England
on their rights and liberties will be of
interest for all time to those who will
succeed them in the town and to tlie
descendants of the men and women
who made the history.
When the Indian chief Polin was
killed by Stephen Manchester, in IT06,
the settlers had reason to believe that
their troubles were at an end and that
they might return to their lands
and live unmolested. Then the
people looked forward to a pe-
riod of prosperity and happi-
ness, but it \N as not to be of long
duration. Hardly ten years elapsed
before came grumblings of discontent.
The stamp act was passed and the in-
dignation was felt in the most remote
towns. The loader of the stamp riot
of 1766, at Falmouth Neck, now Port-
land, was said to have been a Wind-
The causes which led up to the Rev-
olutionary war commenced with the
stamp act in 1706. What actuated the
Americans to engage in the war, is well
told in a speech of Hon. Mellen Cham-
berlain of P.oston. made in 1891. He
said: "What actuated the men of the
Revolution in the course they took?
Was it actual taxation? No. Not a
penny was ever paid by them on an
ounce of tea, not a penny was ever
paid for a stamp under the stamp act.
From Mnin'^ to Oeorsria, never was a
cent taken out of the pockets or the
colonists by reason of the taxation of
the British government. What was
it, then, against which they took up
arms? It was against the principle
of the right to tax as expressed in the
stamp act and kindred measures. The
marvel of all this matter is that 3,M0,-
000 of people should take up arms, not
in consequence of what they suffereJ,
but in consequence of what they appre-
hended; not because it bore heavily
upon themi, but because of the right.
There was a principle at stake which
touched their patriotism, and a prin-
ciple which touched their religion: and
for that they went to war, for that they
suffered hardships. Who were they?
They were men of clear intelligence
and right thinking, of determined per-
severance. They had thought the
thing out and they knew what their
rights were. Those were the men to
whom we are so much indebted." The
people of Windhnm. without hesita-
tion, entered into the rebellion against
the mother country, with a spirit that
is to their honor. and they should
never be forgotten as long as the town
As early as February, 1773, the men
of Windham held a town meeting to
see about answering the letter they
had received from the p^^ople of Boston
in relation to the public affair.^. Th'^ir
answer was in no uncertain words.
One of the resolutions was:
Resolved— That we look upon it
our duty as well as Interest, both
for ourselves and posterity, to stand
up in the defence of those privileges
and liberues that uur tn^iy-My ilure-
WINDHAM IN THE REVOHTION.
fathers purchased for us at so dear a
rate as the expense of their own
blood, and that we used formerly and
still ought to enjoy.
The resolutions they recorded in the
town boDks lierause, as they saiii,
"that the risirs: generations may S:^e
what care their forefathers have
tiken to defend their liberties
and privileges, that they may take *he
like care if they are called to it as we
are." The next year, another letter.
in "bold and energetic language," was
sent to the Boston committee. What
better record could patriots leave to
Zerubbabel Hunnerwell, Thomas
Trott and Daniel Barker were choseti
to represent Windham in the Cumber-
land county convention of September.
1774, to consider "the present alarming
situation of our public affairs," and
the resolutions that were then passe.J
have been said to be "probably the
ablest exposition of public affairs, at
that time, now extant." That year
the town elected the following officers
for the militia company and ordered
thorn to instruct their men in the mili-
Richard Mayberry, Captain.
David Barker, Lieutenant.
Joseph Swett, Ensign.
Then hardly anyone lived in the
eastern or northern part of the town.
Windham Centre was in the outskirts.
The town meetings were held in Uie
old Block House, <'which had alwavs
been their place of refuge) in the
southern or lower part of the town. In
this old fort they met, March 15. 177.^,
and to he prepared for the gathering
cloud of war voted "27 pounds to pur-
chase a town stock of ammunition, as
soon as possible, and that the town
will pay interest to any man who will
let the town havp th<-' mon^'v to ']n it."
Then Capt. Caleb Graffam." who had
had experience in the French and In-
dian war, was appointed to fix up the
great gun and swivels, "as soon as po.s-
sible." These resolute men had mad---
up their minds to resist the authority
of Great Britain, and. if need be, th'^v
were to turn the guns of the ol'l fort
on British authority. There was no
hesitancy and the deci.^ion seems to
have b^en unanimous.
Ten days at't-r the bnttle of I>-xing-
ton was fought, a town meeting wis
called and one of the articles of the
warrant was "To see if the town will
agrep on anv m^thnd to nr-oTM-i.-. ■■,
Quantity of corn, or other bread kind,
in times of distress by an enemy which
appears to be very soon." The record
of that town meeting was never
copied into the town hook, although a
space was reserved for it and it is stili
blank paper. Those were times when
men's souls were tried.
Feb. S, 1775, the following officers
were elected for the town company:
Richard Mayberry, Captain.
David Barker, Lieutenant.
Edward Anderson, Ensign.
When the attempt was to be made to
capture the vessels of Capt. Henry
Mowat, in Portland harbor. in May,
1775. what has since been known ".-.
"Thompson's war." the TMndham
company was there, under Capt. May-
berry, and from all we can learn nnu-,
were very active in sacking the Tory
Coulson's house on King street. With
the Gorham boys, they made clean
work of it and drank up the New Eng-
land rum which Coulson had put inti
his cellar for his own use. This
shocked the Falmouth Neck Tories
then, but it has never troubled their
descendants at Windham.
Capt. Mayberry joined Capt. Samuel
Knight's company in June and served
as lieutenant through that year, as
coast guard on Casco bay. Edward An-
derson was the second lieutenant ani
five other Windham men were in the
company, as follows:. Sergt. Moses
How. Corp. Thomas Mayberry, Pri-
vates John Anderson, Caleb Young
and Josiah Chute. Then the following
officers were appointed to command
the town company:
William Knight, Captain.
David Barker, Tiieutenant.
Richard Dole. Ensign.
The war was now on and this com-
pany was ready for duty at little
v,-?rning. They were minute men. A
tradition has always been in our family
that thrse men were raising the fram.-
nf Jacob Eliott's house when Mowat's
guns were heard, when h^ was burn-
ing Falmouth. Oct. l.S. 1775. and that
they left their work and hurried to
that town to aid the inhabitants in its
d*^fence. That house is now a part of
rhf^ pres<^nt one on the William Goold
farm, n^ar Windham Centre. It wa^
originally of but one story and stood
on the othfT ?\t]o of the drivewav,
•AhfTf the lnrg« ^-Im trf^e =tanns an i
faced the west, with a door in the end
towards the south, that opened into
the kitchen, which had a large fir^-
have been told that coming down the
WINDHAM IX THE REVOLUTION.
road that, when the door was open, it
looked as thousrh you could drive
straight into the fireplace. Around
the kitchen were unpainted wooden
dressers upon which stood the
polished pewter dishes and the china
used by the family. This was seven-
ty-five years a2:o. Ebenezer Barton
the _ Revolutionary soldier, married
Dorothy Eliott and they were buried
on this farm, in the Goold family
yard. Our g-randfather, Nathan
Goold bought the farm of the Elliotts
in 1S02, and it is now owned by his
granddaug-hter, Mrs. Abba G. Wool-
In proof of the above tradition, there
is the original pay roll of Capt.
Knight's company, in the State House
at Boston, for service at Falmouth
Neck, "as guards from ISth October,
1775, to the 23d of same." There were
twenty-three men and three officers.
When the British ship Cerebus en-
tered Portland harbor, on Nov. 1. 1775,
and threatened to burn that part or
the town that had escaped Mowafs
destruction, but thirteen days before.
this Windham company again hurried
to assist in the defence of that town
and another pay roll gives the men
credit for from two to sixteen davs'
service in building earthworks thero.
The ship did not carry out the threat,
because of the spirit of the people, but
In May, 1775, several men of tht
town enlisted in Col. Edmund Phin-
ney's regiment and. in July, marched
to Cambridge. Mass., where they
served under Washington during that
year in the siege of Boston. One of
those men was Stt^nhen Manchpst«^r.
the slayer of the Indian chief, Polin, in
1756, who served in Capt. John Brack-
ett's Co. from May 12, 1775. and per-
haps he was the first man of Windham
to enlist for service in the field. H'?
had a long service in other regiments.
In 1775, the town is said to have had:
7 men at Cambridge for 8 months,
4 men at Falmouth for 8 months,
6 men at Cambridge for 2 months.
The town elected, Jan. 12, 1776. the
following as the Committee of Safety:
That year the town company was the
first in Col. Timothy Pike's 4th Cum-
berland County Regt. of Militia.
-VnuLh'jr (.'uiiiUiUt'-'r i.i' .-.xiciy was
elected March 19, 1776, as follows:
The town sent no representative co
the General Court during the Revolu-
iionai->' war, no doubt -on account of
th'^ir poverty. The towns paid their
representatives then for their attend-
Their copy of the Declaration of In-
dependence did not get into the hands
of the town clerk for weeks after its
declaration, but Richard Dole, then the
clerk, wishing to shirk no responsibil-
ity, transcribed it on the town book in
a bold hand. The words "A Declara-
tion" and "T'. S. of America," he made
every letter a capital to emphasize its
importance. When he wrote the sig-
nature. John Hancock, he outdid Han-
cock himself, in its boldness. The
penmanship is a credit to the writer
because it was a piece of good work.
This was the last entry in the hand-
writing (if Richard Dole during the
war. for he then entered the army as
a private in Col. Marshall's regiment
and served three years and must have
seen much hard service. He was .a
sterling patriot. Samuel T. Dole 'a
It is said that the town had the fol-
lowing in the service in 1776:
13 men in the State's service at Peeks-
kill for 3 months.
9 men in the State's service at Dor-
chester for 4 months.
4 men in the State's service at Rhode
Island for 4 months.
6 men in the State's service for 12
Tlie statement of thirteen men being
at Peekskill, in 1776, we have not been
able to verify. It is probable that
those XTien were in the army at Cam-
bridge until .\i!2ru.= t and then marched
to reinforce the army at Lake Cham-
plain. The men went to Peekskill in
1778. There were more than six men
in the one year regiments from Wind-
ham in 1.76 and militia men were s*^nt
in a militia r^eiment, probably Col.
Wigglesworth's. to the Northern army
in the fail of that year.
The following is a list of the tax
payers of Windham for the y^-ar 177';,
as ?iven for a county tax. Timothv
Pike, David Barker and Ichabod Han-
.son were th'^ assessors and Daniel Pet-
tingall the collector.
T.ix Pay-i-r- of 177G.
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Anderson, Edward Allen, Peltiah
Bodffe, John Boulton, William
Barker. David Brown, Ezra
Brown, Amos Barton, Ebenez.n-
Chase, Eleazer Chesley, Joseph
Crague, Hugh Crocket, George
Crocket. Daniel Cook, Daniel
Frost, Widow Joanna Graffam, Enoch
Hutchinson, Stephen Jr.
Hall, Daniel Hall, Andrew
Hall, Hateevll Hanson. Elijah
Hanson, Ichabod Hanson, Samuel
Hanson, Jonathan Hardy, Isaac
Harris. Stephen Hawkes, El>enez?r
Hawkes, Amos Hawkes. James
Jonson, James Knight, William
Loyett. Jonathan Legro, Joseph
LegTO, Elias Little, Paul
Mabery, John Mabery, Williain
Maberj', William Jr.
Manchester, Stephen Jr.
Mathews, John Martin, Robert
Osgood, Abraham Pettingall, Daniel
Pike. Timothy Pray, James
Proctor. William Purinton. Da%Md
Rand, John Robinson. John
Roberts, Joseph Roberts. Jonathan
Rogers, Gershom Sweat, Joseph
Sweat, John Smith, Widow Luoy
Stevens, Chase Stevens. Jonathan
Thurrell, James Trott, Thomas
Webb, Eli Woodman. David
Waite, Benja. Waitf^, Enoch
The following were taxed for their
ownership in mills in the town:
Margaret Mabery, Richard Mabery,
Samuel Eastys, Stephen Morril.
Benja. Winslow, Jr., W^illiam Hall.
Isaac Allen. Jr., Benja. Winslow.
The above tax list gives us the
names of the citizens of Windham in
that interesting year of the war, 17'. C.
It Ls of considerable historical value-.
Those men serving in the army were
probably exempted from taxation.
In 1777, the selectmen and committee
fixed the prices of the necessities of
lif',' ad iuii..,-,\ .s:
Farming labor in summer
season, found as usual,
3 shillings, 4 i>ence per day
Wheat, 4 shillings per bushel
Rye. 5 shillings, 4 pence per bushel
4 shillings, S pence per bushel
Toddy. 1 shilling per m'lg
N. E. Toddy, 914 pence per mug
Farming labor, in winter.
2 shillings, 8 pence per day
Good j-ard wide cotton or
4 shillings, 8 pence per yard
Gutter, lOU pence per pound
Keeping horse or yoke of
oxen, L't hours, 1 sh-Jling, 6 pence
Potatoes in the fall,
2 Fhil ings per bushel
Men's shoes of Neats'
leather, S shillings per pair
Women's shoes. 6 shillings per pair
Turkeys, Fowl and Ducks,
5 pence per pound
Good hay, 60 shillings out of barn,
48 shillings in the field
^lilJ^' 3% pence per quart
House carpenters and
joiners, 4 shillings per day
It will be noticed that toddy was
thought to be a necessity of life then.
The Committee of Safety and In-
spection, in 1777. were:
The town paid the selectmen, Sepc.
24. 1(77, for "mileage to Picks Kill,
Fish Kill and Cambridge." 46 pounds,
2 shillings. Tbey evidently visited
those places to look out for Windham
soldiers in the service there.
William Elder was the town trea.sur-
er, 1777-1780, four years. The town
in 1777. had three men in the state ser-
vice at Rutland, Vt., besides ihose in
the iMa.^sachusctts Line, which were
three years men and were the ones
who saw the active service in the
field. Windham had several soldiers
who wintered at Valley Forge, whore
their sufferings were beyond descrip-
In Col. Benjamin Tupper's 11th
Mass. Regt. the following soldiers
were returned as in camp:
Capt. Richard Mayherry,
William Mayberry,son of Capt. Rich-
Li-j\j--:rt Mil lions,
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Richard Mayberry, Jr.,
Stephen Tripp was reported as sick
at Albany, N. Y., at that time.
The following were probably in camp
Job Hall of Col. Tapper's Reg-t.
Richard Dole of Col. Marshall's
Edward Webb of Col. Marshall's
Eli Herbert of Col. Brewer's Regt.
Stephen Manchester of Col. Vose's
^noch Graffam of Col. Vose's Regt.
George Teshary of Col. Vose's Ilegt.
Stephen Manchester, Jr., of Col.
Vose's Regt., died at Reading, Penn..
Jan. 5, 17TS, aged 26 years.
The destitution of these soldiers at
Valley Forge beggers any words of
mine. It is said that, at one time,
there were but two pairs of shoes in
Capt. Mayberry's company and those
belonged to Josiah Chute. It was
with much satisfaction that, on a
beautiful day in September, 1S99, 1
viewed their campground at Valley
Forge. Now it is cultivated fields
apd one cannot realize now the true
history of that land. The earthworks
on the hill, overlooking the camp, ^re
in a good state of preservation and
that land has been purchased by the
state of Pennsylvania for a reserva-
tion. An effort is being made by the
descendants of the Revolutionary s( 1-
diers to secure the whole campground
as a state park for public use as a
memorial to the brave men who illus-
trated that winter the fortitude of the
American soldier. The people of
Windham heard of their sons' suffering
at Valley Forge, for April 14, 177S,
$150.00 was voted "to defray the charge
of providing shirts, stockings and
shoes for the soldiers in the Continen-
tal army," and 20 pounds was voted
for the soldiers' families.
March 1", 1778, the town voted. "To
allow James Hawkes for six dollars of
counterfeit money that wa.=; returned
from the Treasurer's office, and Daniel
Pettingall was allowed four dollars.
This wa-s probably acme of the Briti.sh
counterf-^it money that thf^y flooded
the country with. In New York tney
advertised that if anyone going into
the American lines would call at a
certain place they could have all the
Cinlincnl.il ';u;rt.-iicy thtjy \\anl.'jd.
May 15, 177S, $600.00 was voted "for
those three men that is drafted to Fish
Kill," and "that amount be assessed
immediately." Twelve days later, it
was "voted 44 pounds for each of the.^e
three militia men that is drafted, to be
given them as a bounty." They were
probably Thomas Chute. Benjamin
Trott and Daniel P. Mayberry, nine
months' men. The Committee of
Safety and Inspection for 1778 were:
The winter of 1777-S was a blue one
in Windham. They knew too well the
sufferings at Valley Forge and wh.it
then seemed the hopeless prospect for
their independence. They heard of the
discontent in the army and of the at-
tempts to supersede Washington in
comrnand, with not one ray of hope for
the success of the war. They were
suffering poverty itself and the situa-
tion seemed almost unbearable. At
Valley Forge, Capt. Richard Mayberry
signed the oath of allegiance and the
T\'indham men took the oath, that the
T'nited States was then their >nlv
country, every one; an example of
constancy to the people of the town
for all time. Lossing says of Valley
Forge: "If there is a spot on the ^ac-^
of this broad land whereon Patrio:i.?m
should delight to pile its highest and
most venerated monument, it should be
in the bosom of that little vale on the
bank of the Schuylkill." When
spring came, the resources of m^an.^
and men of the town seemed exhaust-
ed, and, in June. the people met in
solemn town meeting and voted to pe-
tition the General Court to be excu?el
from the draft and from any future
draft?. They felt as though they had
gone as for as they could. If the pe-
tition was ever presented it was not
Err-'^nt'^d. Most of th>= towns w.^rc' in
about the same condition and grantin-r
such requests would have been the sur-
render of all the past efforts of the col-
ony. They kept on.
At the request of the General C^iirt
of Massachusetts, Capt. Thoma?
Trott, of the town company, sent the
following statement of the soldiers in
the Continental army on Nov. 24. 1773.
Col. Benjamin Tupper's Uth.Ma.s.s.
Capt. Richard Mayberry's Co.
Capt. PJchard Mayberry,
Josiah Chute, John Swett
V.'HIiam ^r.^v^^rrv, notK^rt MiHi'->n'>
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Stephen Tripp Joseph Thompson
Ebenezer Barton James Rines
All three years men.
David Mayberry Thoma.s Chute
Nine months' men
Capt. Samuel Thomes' Co.
Lonon Rhode (had died Dec. 9. 1777.)
Amos Brown (liilled at Hubbardton.)
Col. Joseph Vose's l.=!t :Mass. Reg-t.
Capt. Georg-e Smith's Co.
Enoch Graffam, Stepht^n Manehest'^r.
Col. Edward Wigglesworth's IHth
Capt. Nicholas Blai.sdell's Co.
Joseph Legrow. Elias Legrow.
Col. Samuel Brewer's 12th Mass. Regt.
Capt. Silas Burbank's Co.
Col. Thomas Marshall's 10th Mass. Regt.
Capt. Benjamin Walcott's Co.
Richard Dole, Edward Webb.
These all three years' men.
Total, 20 3 years' men.
2 9 months' men.
Capt. Thomas Trott was commis-
sioned in the Windham company in
September, 1777, and it was still the
First Company of the 4th Regt. of
Cumberland County Militia. Timothy
Pike, the colonel of this regiment, was
a resident of Windham the first four
years of the war. The major was Wil-
liam Knight of Windham.
January' 12, 1779. the people "voted 80
pounds for the support of the women
whose husbands are in the army."
In March town meeting the following
were elected for the Committee of
Safety and Inspection for the year:
The prices of labor on the roads were
Men, M shillings, oxen the same and
IS shillings fur a plau, all per day.
The year 1771) was a dismal one for
the struggling colonists, currency de-
moralized and prospects poor, but the
town's people k^pt on with undaunted
courage. May 24 the town "voted 300
pounds for the support of the women
whose husbands are in the Continental
service," and Juno 21. 13 shirts, 13 pairs
shoes and 13 pairs of stockings for the
army. ThirttM-n m^n u ere in
the Continental army from Windham,
at that time and probably more.
In June came the Bagaduce Expedi-
tion and July 9, 16 mr-n w^r^ draft^^d
for that expedition and 960 pounds
were voted for the same. The town
records say, it was voted "to raise
money enough to make up
every man's wages that is detached
and goes to Penobscot, or sends a man
in his stead, thirty pounds per month
for two months or in proportion if dis-
charged sooner," also "vote<l that the
town raise money and give Lieut. Ed-
ward Anderson thf- same sum that the
town is to give one of the soldiers for
to go in the expedition to Penobscot."
This expedition to what is now Cas-
tine. Me., was, as is well known, a dis-
mal disaster and many soldiers per-
ished from the effects of the exposu-e
in the woods. Our histories generally
give the impression that men tumbled
over each oth-^r to enlist in that army,
but there is little evidence of any such
After our forces were defeated at
Bagaduce, Falmouth Neck was threat-
ened. Sept. 10 ten men were drafted ^o
guard, what is now Portland, " against
any attack from the victorious British.
The British never came and the town
"voted to make up thirty pounds per
month for ten that is to be stationed
at Falmouth with what the state
gives." Sept. 23, it was voted "to raise
money enough to make each of those
men that went on the expedition to
Penobscot. one hundred dollars per
month during the expedition with wh.at
the state is to give them." The reason
such large sums were paid was be-
cause, at that time, the currency was
very badly depreciated and of little
In September. 1779, the town supplied
clothing for the soldiers, thmue-h Tim-
othy Pike, as follows:
5 shirts, 60 shillings, 15 pounds
13 pairs shoes, 60 shillings, 39 pounds
5 pairs stockings, 3C shillings, 9 pounds
Total. 63 pounds
Col. Pike removed this year to Sac-
carappa. He had been a most useful
citizen and was a loss to the little
The Committee of Safety and In-
spection, in 1780, were:
The price p^r day for town work, for
17So, \sa3. for a man or a yoke of oxen,
$30.00. Daniel Brown was allowed 16
pounds for services attending the
April If), the town "voted $200.00 for
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
each man that will g-o to the east-
ward." This was for the eleven men
who wont in Capt. Isa.ac Parsons' Co..
in Lieut. Col. Joseph Prime's Regt..
that served on the Maine coast that
year. They served from about May
4 until Deo. 6, and this company,
probably, at Camden. These men
from Windham were, Sergt. Benjamin
Trdtt; drummer, Peter Smith: pri-
vates, James Chute. Nathaniel Chase.
Jacob Eliott, Georsre Knight, Samuel
Lord, Thomas ^Nlayberry. John r^Iay-
berry, Samuel Toben and John Win-
ship, besides Lieut. Ichabod Hanson.
April 24. it was "voted Lieut. Hanson
$200.00 per month during- the time that
he is in the service in the expedition
to the eastward."
June 14, 17S0, the town supplied sol-
diers with clothing, through Caleb
Graffam, a selectman, as by the follow-
9 shirts, 10 sh., 10 d. 94 pounds, 10 sh.
14 pairs shoes. 144 sh. 100 pounds, "6 sh.
7 pair stockings,SO sh. 28 pounds
Transportation, 7,t pounds
Total. 29S pounds, 6 sh.
Sept. 25, 2760 pounds of beef was
furnished for the army and Oct. 25.
the town appropriated $13,050.00 to pur-
chase beef for the army as per state
requisition. Dec. 4, 5011 pounds more
of beef was furnished. Still the war
went on. now over five years and a
half. In November, Windham sent
six more men into the Continental
army for three years. The town's
people must have felt that they were
doing God's work for their posterity.
or they could not have kept on with
Jan. 16, 1781, William Knight. Thom-
as Trott and Edward Anderson were
appointed a committee to agree with
the men who will go into the army for
three y^ars as soldiers, about bounty
and wages, and the town "voted J2.-
280 dollars, silver money, for the sol-
diers that is to go into the army for
three years," also that, "the soldiers
shall be paid ten dollars, in silver
money, by the town per month and
twenty dollars, in silver money, as a
hounty," and "to pay them once in
three months." The paper money had
become so worthless they were obliged
to return to silver values to obtain
Feb. 8, the town voted $20,04 4.00, pa-
per money, towards the quota of beef
affixed to the town by the resolve of
the General Court.
In ?,T':rrh, r!,,t!,ii;g v.-as s-nt to tli';
soldiers in the army as per the follow-
ing statement of Jonathan Lovett,
9 shirts. 40 pounds 360 pounds
9 pairs shoes, 40 pounds 360 pounds
9 pairs stockings. 24 pounds 216 pounds
12 miles travel, 36 pounds
3 days time, 63 pounds
Total, 1035 pounds
The Committee of Safety for 17S1,
The price of labor .was fixed at $50.00
per day and oxen the same. For tha
use of a plow $25.00 per day.
July 14, 17S1. it was voted that the
town will abide by the agreement tha
committee shall make for 3 men to go
into the Continental army, and 60
pounds was appropriated for beef and
Paul Little, Ezra Brown and Richard
Mayberry were appointed to purchase
it "as cheap as possible." The state
tax for 17S1 was 949 pounds, 6 shillings,
and Abraham Osgood was the tow.n
treasurer. Aug. 27, 17S1, 20 pounds was
voted to provide clothing for the sol-
diers; 4 shillings S pence was to be the
price per yard for all wool cloth, aft'^r
it was fulled for blanketinir and made
into blankets, 12 shillings f ir a cotton
or linen shirt containing 3',2 yards, 12
shillings for a pair of shoes made well,
of gcHod leather, and 6 shillings for n
pair of good stockings. At least four
blankets were sent to the army this
With all these troubles on hand th'^^y
appointed Capt. Richard May'nprry
agent to meet the agents of the neiirh-
boring towns about fishways in the
Presumpscot river dams.
Jan. 2S, 1782, William Elder was ap-
pointed the agent of the town to pro-
cure one Contin'=^ntal soblier to lill
their quota. March 1. tiiree soldiers
were sent into the Contmental army
for three years and May 31. 173 pounds
was voted to pay the soldiers.
At the March town meeting tli-^
prices for work on highway? was re-
duced to hard money .and 4 shilling'^
was s'='t for a day's work for men (r
oxen. 2 shillings for a plow. At this
meeting 40 shillincrs was off'='r<^d f^r
wolvf^s' heads. They also voted t :>
sell the old fort at public vendue: th •
old block house wher"^ they had gatn-
ered together in alarms and had lived
many a year: thdr place of refuge and
strensrth in times of trouble. They
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
g^rown its protection. At the same
meeting more money was appropriated
for the soldiers. Paul I^ittle was the
town treasurer for the year 17S2 and
The old fort was located nearly in
the centre of the ten acre lots, on Xit.
34. it being: the highest elevation and is
Anderson land now. The buildinpr was
50 feet square, two stories hi,s:h, with
walls one foot thick. built of hewn
hemlock timber with a tier of port
holes. The upper story projected over
the lower about a foot. It had a
flatfish roof and there were two flank-
ers or watch b-ixes at diagonal cor-
ners, twelve feet square, the same
height as the main building and in
each was mounted a swivel gun. About
thirty feet from the fort was a stock-
ade, made of twelve inch logs, sixteen
feet long, set in the ground and bound
together at the middle and top with
oak timbers. Through this there was
one gate or door and here stoorl a nine
pound gun to defend the only entrance.
The fort was built in 1744 with the one
hundred pounds appropriated Ijy the
General Court for the defence of ^he
frontier towns wh^n the war was de-
clared b«'tween France and England.
Then a French war meant also an In-
How soldiers were raised in the
towns for the Continental army, in
1782, is of considerable interest in the
history of the war. The modus oper-
andi was for the government of the
Commonwealth to assign each to^-n
their quota, under a call frir troops,
and the Treasurer General would send
that demand to the selectman and
witl it the following order:
"Commonwealth of Massachusetts:
The Honorable Henry Gardner, Esq.:
Treasurer and Receiver General of
To the Selectmen or Assessors of the
Town of Windham. Greetmg, &c.:
In obedience io a Resijiution ot
the Commonwealth aforesaid, of the
Eighth of March. 17S.2, these are in
the Name of said Commonwealth to
will and require you forthwith to
assess the Sum of One Hundred and
Forty Eight Pounds, 3 shillings, 4
pence on the deficient Class or Classes
in your Town or Plantations. being
the average Price of the Cost of rais-
ing thf^ .d.-n to supply the Deficiency
of the Massachusetts Line of the Ar-
my, agreeable to a Notification of his
Excellency the Governor and Council
of said Commonwealth, transmitted to
th- T'-,. :,<■,;,.... , f ..:,■! Coin!:iwn-.vea;i:i.
bearing date of March, 1782, in Pur-
suance of the Resolve aforesaid, to-
gether with twenty per cent added
thereto; You are likewise required to
levy on each Class deficient as afore-
said. Two per Cent on said Line, as a
Fee for the Constable or Collector to
defrey the Expense of collecting the
same; which List or Lists, when com-
pleted according to Law, you are to de-
liver to the Collector or Collectors,
Constable or Constables of your Town
or Plantation; and make Return to me
of the Name or Names of the said Con-
stable or Constables, Collector or Col-
lectors, together with the Sum or Sums
to them respectively committed to col-
lect, within Five Days from the Date
Hereof you are not to fail, as you
will answer your Neglect at the Peril
of the Law.
Given under my Hand and Seal at
Boston, the Day of March,
in the Year of our Lord One Thousand
Seven Hundred and Eighty two, in the
Seventh Year of American Inde-
On receipt of the arbove, the assess-
ors divided the tax payers into the
same number of classes as the number
of soldiers were called for that had
not been furnished and made up a
tax list for the amount necessary for
one soldier, then appointed a head for
the class to whom the tax list was
committed for collection. One of
those lists came into my possession
some years since of which the follow-
ing is a copy:
To Josiah Chute of
Windham in said County, you are
hereby appointed head of a class in
said Windham aforesaid for procur-
ing Soldiers for the Continental army
for three years or during the war of
which the Following is A copy and
you are required forthwith to notify
the Persons nam'd in your Class who
are residents in said Windham to .a3-
semble for Hireing A man which if
you Neglect four days after Receiving
this you will be subject to all the "ost
& Charge that may fall on said class
in consequence of their not procuring
a man as aforesaid in case your class
after being duly notified by you shall
refuse or neglect to hire a man as
afors'd & dp'ivpr him to the muster
master until the Tenth day of April
Instant they will -be subject to a fine
e.i.,-..l -'> tl-'^ avtid"; pri'-- thrit tl.^;
WINDHANr IN THE REVOLUTION.
Man Cost with T^-enty P Cet. added
theirto you all so to make return to us
of the names of the persons in Class
who shall be deficient in paying his
proportion for Hiring & Mustering sd
man agreeable to the rule herewith
given you in order that he may be as-
ses'd for said deticiency with Ten
P Cet added thereto given under our
hafnds at Windham this 5 Day April
Abram Opgood, -David Barker,
Assessors of Windham."
Each Man's proportion 155 — 5 — 2
according to the late Tax Eill.
Chute, Josiah 1 15 3
Anderson, John 1 3 3 4
Barker, David 2 5 4 10
Bodge, John 1 3 6
Bodge, Benjamin 1 3 3 3
Bolton, William 3 10 17 9
Graffam, Caleb 1 7 13 10
Graffam, Caleb Jr. 1 1 17 10
Graffam, Enoch 1 1 12 10
Hall Estate, 5 12 7
L Hunnewell. Rich'd 1 2 11 1
Hutchinson. Sani'l 1 1 IS 1
Hawks, Ebenezer 1 4 13 5
Hawks, Amos 2 6 7
Jones, Elamual 1 1 18 9
Kennard, Elijah 1 2 10 1
Legro, Ellias 1, 2 14 3
Lowell, Joshua 2 3 5 11
Knights, WiU'm 3 10 12 7
Lord, Charles 1 2 17 10
Muckford, Ilobt. Jr. 1 1 11 8
Meabary, John 2 6 17 7
Meaberry, Will'm 2 5 IS 2
Manchester, Stephn 1 2 3 5
Winship, Gersham 1 2 15 4
Mitchell, Robert 1 1 17
Robinson, John 1 9 1 10
Stephens, Jonathan 2 7 13 7
Blaney, Joseph Esqr. 2 13 f^ 8
Hunawell. Zerubable 1 9 16 11
Hanson, Jonathan 1 7 14 9
Elder, Wiirm Jr. 1 3 1<"'
Young, John 1 2 8 1
Polls. 43 155 5 2
"Each Man's proportion of what the
Soldier Cost Proportioned same man-
The Committee of Correspondence
and Safety for 17S3 were:
Thomas Barker was elected to the
General Court and he promised to ask
no wages of the town except what they
would be pleased to give him.
Thu \\a.i- ua.a n^j'.v ovcr. Corn'.V-iIli.^
had surrendered at Yorktown, Oct.
19, 17S1, which ended hostilities. The
preliminary treaty of peace was i ro-
claimed April 19, 17S3. and the treaty
was signed the next September. The
news that must have given the Errjit-
est satisfaction was that Great Brit-
ain had acknowledged our inde-
pendence, Nov. 30. 17S2. Then there
were happy days in Windham; the re-
turn of the soldiers and their own un-
disturbed days to develope their farms.
Then they had the satisfaction of feel-
ing that the town had done its full
duty, through those long eight years of
anxiety, although it had come out with
an empty treasury and had many
outstanding obligations to be met.
Windham had no men at Lexingttn,
Concord or Bunker Hill, but her sons
served at Falmouth Neck and through
the Seige of Boston under G-.n. Wash-
ington. They marched to reinforce the
Northern army in 1776 and garrisoned
Dorchester Heights that year. They
were in the retreat from Fort Ticon-
deroga in 1777 and fought in the battles
of Hubbardton, Stillwater and Sarato-
ga and witnessed the surrender of Gen.
Burgoyne's army. They guarded the
Burgoyne prisoners at Cambridge In
1778, marched to Rhode I:?land in ttie
alarms, were at Quaker Hill and rein-
forced the army on the Hudson rive/
at Peekskili. They spent the winter of
1777 — 8 at Valley Forge where there
were no greater heroes than they, and
fought in the desperate battle of Mon-
mouth on that terrible hot day of June
2S, 177S. They were in the Bagaduce lx-
pedition, in 1779, and the next year,
served, under Gen. Peleg Wadsworth,
guarding the ]Maine coast. Some sons
of the town may have served m
the south during the last of •
the war and been at Yorktown at
the end, but no name has yet
come under my notice. The town had
soldiers in the st-t\ ii_e when liic army
v.-as disbanded in 17'<::;. Th^re i= miK-!'.
that has not been told but enough is
known to show that Windham has an
enviable record in the Revolutionary
The following is a list of soldier.?,
during the war, who called Windham
their home. The time of service is
that that has been found on the pay
rolls to their credit. There may 'le
more and no doubt is more service du*'
them, in many ca-^f^s. We do not con-
sider this list complete as we think
that ' there may be others who were
proud to sign the rolls as of the town.
N-.'irlv .iH iv Windham namf? of 'hat
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Lieut. Edward Anderson, 12 mos., 17
John Anderson, 11 mos., 6 days service.
Lieut. David Barker, 17 days service.
Ebenezer Barton. 42 mo.«. service.
Benjamin Bodge, 6 days service.
Thomas Bodge, :1 mos., 17 days service.
Thomas Boiton, 2 mos., 10 days service.
William Bolton, 5 days service.
Amos Brown, 3 years man, killed at
Amos Brown, Jr., 24 mos'. service.
William Campbell. 2G days service. r
Eleazer Chase, 36 mos. service.
Nathaniel Chase, 9 mos., 10 days ser-
Joseph Chesley, 5 days service.
James Chute, 7 mos., 22 days service.
Josiah Chute, 46 mos., 5 days service.
Thomas Chute, 11 mos.. 17 days ser-
Thomas Crague, 13 days service.
Daniel Crockett, about S mos. service.
George Crockett, 11 days service.
Philip Davis, three years man.
Ensign Richard Dole, 3 years service
as private and corporal.
Isaac Elder, 2 mos., 15 days service.
John Elder, 4 mos., 24 days service.
Joseph Elder, 11 mos. service.
William Eider, 4 mos., 10 days service.
Chase Elkins, 4 mos. service.
William Elkins, 5 days service
Jacob Eliott, 7 mos., 29 days service.
Jedidiah Eliott was a pensioner.
Nathan Gamman, 2 mos. service.
Caleb Graffam.Jr., S mos., 2 days ser-
Enoch Graffam, 50 mos., 13 days ser-
Enoch Hall, 3 years man.
Job Hall. 4 years, 7^^ mos. service.
Lieut. Ichabod Hanson, 7 mos.. 24 davs
Isaac Hardy, 5 days service.
Stephen Harris, 3 mos., 11 days service.
Eli Herbert, 3 years man.
Mo.-es Hov.\ 4 mos., 2i days service.
ElijRh Hunn'=r^^•e^, 11 days service.
Richard Hunnerwell, 2 mos., 10 ia>s
Richard Hutchinson, 5 days service.
Samuel Hutchinson, 4 mos., 4 days ser-
Nicholas Hughes, 3 years man.
James Jordan, 3 years man.
George Knight, 9 mos., 17 days service.
Samuel Knight. 24 mos., 14 days ser-
Capt. William Knight, 16 days service.
He was also a major of militia.
Charles L^gro. 5 days service.
Ellas Legro, 3 years man.
.Tr.^,-.|,v, T.'-grn. n y--ar=! man.
Charles Lord, about S^^ mos. service.
Samuel Lord. 15 mos., 16 days service.
John Lorirg, S mos. service.
Stephen Lowell. 10 mos. service.
Gershon Manchester, 26 days service.
Stephen Manchester, 49 mos. service.
Stephen Manchester, Jr., sent from
Valley Forge to the hospital at Read-
ing where he died Jan. 5, 177S.
David P. Mayberry. 16 mos.. 5 days
James Mayberry, 2 mos., 17 days ser-
Jnhn Mayberry, 7 mos. service.
Capt. Richard Mayberry.. 39 mos.. 12
Richard Mayberry. Jr., 39 mos. --rvice.
Richard Mayberry, 2d., 5 days service.
Thomas Mayberry, about 20 mos. ser-
William Mayberry, son of Capt. Rich-
ard, 3 years man.
William Mayberry, son of John, 26 days
Robert Martin, a pensioner.
John Mathews. 4 days service.
Robert Millions. 3 years man.
Ji>hn Mugfonl. 2 mos.. 17 days service.
James Pray, 5 days service.
Richard Preston, 20 mos. service.
Joseph Roberts, 19 mos., 17 days service.
James Rines. 3 years man. Taken
prisoner at Hubbardton July 7, 1777.
Lonon Rhode. " a free negro," 3 years
man, and died in the army Dec. 9,
Joseph Swett, 5 days service.
John Swett, about 3^/2 years service*
Peter Smith, (a negro) 43 mos.
George Teshary, served, probably. 43
mos., 7 days.
Joseph Thompson. 3 years man.
Samuel Toben. 9 mos., 17 days service.
?*Iathew Toben, 7 mos. service.
Stephen Tripp, about 41 mos. .service.
Benjamin Trott, 9 mos., 17 days ser-
Capt. Thomas Trott of the town com-
Edward Webb. 3 j-oarn man.
Eli Webb. 5 days service.
John Wlnship, 7 mos., 26 days service.
Caleb Young, 4 mos., 12 days service.
A total of 91 soldiers.
In addition to the above were the
John Knight "of Windham" enlisted
It is not known who he was.
Smith says that the colored men.
Flanders and Romeo served three
years in the army but we cannot veri-
fy the statement. He also gives the
names of Richard Thurrell, Hozekiah
IT..:!. V,';;i:,'.;:i C; i:, :ir -U. J' in. lib
WINDHAM IN THE RF.VOI.UTIOX.
Small, Samuel Chandler. Stephen
Hutchinson and William Hardy as
three years' men, whom we cannot now
say were Windham men. He also
gives Joseph Hutchinson, John Young:,
and Abraham Anderson as serving less
than three years, which should be ver-
ified. In Capt. Wentworth Stuart's
Co., in Col. Edmund Phinney's liegt.
of 1775, appears the name of John
Young of Pearsontown, now Standish,
which is doubtless the above. He was
in the ISth Continental Regt. the next
There were three Quaker soldisrs
who came to Windham, after the war,
as follows: Noah Reed came from
Attleboro, IMass. He served in five dif-
ferent companies 10 mos.. 7 dayr;.
Lemuel Horton came from Milton.
Mass., to Portland and then to Wind-
ham. He served in nine different
companies 23 mos., 20 days. Rufus
Horton, his brother, served 24 mos.. 10
days, in ten different companies, com-
mencing when he was but sixteen.
He was wounded in the wrist and re-
tired from the service with the rank of
Other Revolutionary soldiers who
went to Windham after the war were:
Jonah Austin enlisted at Falmouth
and served 3 1-2 years in the army.
He lived near the Ireland school dit:-
Jonathan Knight enlisted at Fal-
mouth and was a 3 years' man. He
moved to the town of Otisfield.
John Farrow, Jr., moved away froia
Windham sometime before the be-
ginning of the war to the town of
Bristol, Me., where his four boy.^,
Windham born and raised, went into
Peter Graffam, another Windham
boy, went into the army from Nev/
Gloucester, because he was then living
Josiah Starling, boin in Win>lham,
went into the army from Bristol.
Maine. Thomas Manchester, the first
child born in the township, moved in-
to New Hampshire and joined a regi-
ment tliere. John Manchester, a half
brother of Stephen, moved from Wind-
ham about 1762, was in the capture i.t
the Margaretta at Machias. in 177;'.
and he afterwards served in the army.
There are, no doubt, oth^r sons of
Windham who did gallant servji-e in
the war, but we do not claim them as
the town's soldiers, only those who are
known as residents then. It is not
The above list of Revolutionary sol-
diers, who went from Windham, is re-
markable from the fact that it num-
bers about the same as the males r-f
the town who were liable for a poU
tax. Not the number of enlistments,
but the number of different soldi-er,-.
These men all claimed "U'indham for
their home. Many men were but noys
then. Here is a sample. An enlist-
ment roll says "Thomas Chute. a?e, 15
years, statue. 5 feet 4 ins., dark com-
plexion.'' Few towns can furnish a
better record than this in the people's
struggle for their independen' e.
Smith says: "The number enrolled at
any one time in the town's companv
did not amount to fifty-five, of whom
more than thirty were known to be
out in the Continental service and the
service of the state, at one time, and
during the war seventy-one er-
formed service in the Continental army
and drafted militia, being sixteen more
than the number enrolled at any
time, forty of whom served thr^e
years in the army." This is additional
to those who served in the militia :n
answering alarms, not drafted.
In the possession of the Maine His-
torical society are two original pay
rolls of Capt. Richard Mayberry s
company for December, 177S. This
was the next winter after that sp^nt
at Valley Forge. The pay of the men
was as follows:
Captain. 12 pounds per month.
Lieutenant, 8 pounds per month.
Ensign, 6 pounds per month.
Sergeants, 3 pounds per month.
'Corporals, 2 pounds, 4 sh. per month.
Drum and Fife, 2 pounds, 4 sh. per
Privates, 2 pounds per month.
Opposite Capt. Mayberry's name is
written, "On furlough, Sept. 11th, by
his Excellency Genl. Washington
v.'ithout limit." Wa'=hine-ton '■•vi^;--n'Jv
had much confidence in the Windham
captam. The regiment was tlien .U
West Point. Nicholas Hughes is re-
ported sick at Valley Forge.
James Jordan, it says, is "on com-
mand at the Lines."
Robert Millions was "on furlough by
Gen. Patterson, Nov. 19th, for 'jO days. '
John Swett was" on command at the
Peter Smith was "sick in ye Hospit-
al at Hartf'.rd."
Corp. Ebenezer Barton was "on fur-
lough for 90 days by Gen. Patterson."
He and Millions probably came hom-:;
to "n:';r,,i;mr>. -ird po doubt, waikf^d
nearly all the way.
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Joseph Thompson is reported 'On
Thomas Chute was there all right.
a nine months' man. Other men of
Windham, for the same time, wer3
David Mayberry and Benjamin Trott.
These nine months" men went into the
service in June 177S.
Josiah Chute was a sergeant mJ
had enlisted in the 11th Mass. Reg't.
Jan. 1, 1777, for 3 years. He was struck
in the shoulder by a musket ball, in
the battle of Hubbardton, July 7. 1777,
and was taken prisoner by the British,
from whom he escaped, and after wan-
dering two weeks in the woods got
into our lines. He was in command -jf
the company, when the rolls were
made, and brought them home with
him. His discharge from the army is
written on back of one, which is as
"Head Qurs. Robinson House.
Pick'^'dlls Dec 12th 1779.
Serjant Josiah Chute of the Elev-
enth Massachusetts Regt. having ^on
Represented as a faithful Soliier 'bo
has Ben wounded in Battle and by ren-
dered unfit for Duty has Leave of a'j-
sence from Camp until the first "D.fv
of January next in the year 17S0 as
Majr Knap has reported that the Time
for which said Chute Engaged to Serve
in the Army will Expire on the 1st of
January next. He is not required
again to Join his Regiment but to re-
ceive this as a discharge from :re
army of the United States of America
as fully as if it was given After 1 is
Time of service had Expired.
By Command of Majr Genl Heath
Ade De Camp."
When Governor John A. Andrew,
the town's most famous son,
visited Windham in 1S62. he re-
ferred to three of the Revo-
lutionary soldiers, in his speech, tiiere.
He said— "Noah Rood who.sc heart and
hat were big enough to cover the whole
town," and then "But I must mention
two more men, who .=hould never be
omitted — these two old soldiers of the
Revolution, Josiah Chute and John
Swett, venerable when first T knew them
yet intelligent and active. How many
more were here, I cannot now rcol-
lect. Many times and oft, on a pleas-
ant morning like this, have I rode with
my mother and listenod to the stories
of events in which they took a part."
How much they infiuenced that boy.
In his own patriotism, will never be
Capt. Mayoerry and Corporal Ebe-
nezer Barton, of his company, both
went through the battles and exposure
of army life and returned to their
homes at Windham and both were
killed, afterwards, by falling tree.g.
Capt. Mayberry's grave is on Leach
Hill, Casco, and his son William's is
on Mayberry Hill in the same town,
both of which were visited by me sev-
eral years since.
Barton's two great grandsons, Ste-
pren T., and Frank C. Morton, both
killed in battle and both giving their
lives for the same old flag, to restare
the same L^nion their ancestor had
helped to establish, is a lesson in Wind-
ham patriotism. Their bodies wer-s
brought back to the old town and ten-
derly laid near their Revolutionary an-
cestor's grave, w-here they will prob-
ably neverbe forgotten. Scripture says:
"Greater love hath no man than this,
that a man lay down his life for hi^
Jonah Austin was buried on his farm,
but which of the little cluster of.
graves was his, is uncertain. John
>S\velt and Josiah Chute lie near each
other in the Chute grave yard, their
graves being well marked. Chute has a
handsome marble monument. Lieut.
Edward Anderson was buried at Wind-
ham Hill and has a durable slate stone
at his grave. Lieut. Ichabod Hanson's
grave is in the Hanson yard and .'la;
a suitable stone. Stephen Manchester
was buried in the Knight grave yard,
near Dutton Hill, and although he lid
a gieat service for the settlers, his
grave has no stone to tell its occupant.
It should not be so. In the Smith
Grave Yard, at South Windham, were
buried John Elder, James Mayl.erry
John Mayberry and Capt. Thomas
Trott. In this enclosure is also ihe
grave of Capt. Caleb Graffam one
of the heroic men of Windham, both in
the Indian wars and th" Rovniuti-in.
He died in 1784, aged 73 years. His
epitaph is "Depart dear friends, dry
up your tears, my dust lies here till
Christ appears." There were many
others of our Revolutionary sires bur-
ied in the town, some of their gravos
known but many forgotten. These
notes may rot be of particular interest
to every one, but each soldier's recoi'<l
is dear to those who are now their po.?-
terity. Time ripens such facts. It has
been written — "He that is not proud
of his ancestors, either has no ances-
tors to be proud of, or else he's a de-
The Quakers were a considerable
eieiueiiL in Wiudliuni uunag luc war
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
of the Revolution. They believed In
peace and would not bear arms, but
they, no doubt, aided in relieving the
sufferings of the soldiers and their
families, and, in the bottom of their
hearts, hoped for the success of their own
people's cause. ^ly great grandfather.
Benjamin Goold, may serve as an ex-
ample, because I know the facts in his
case. He joined the society long be-
fore the war, when he lived in Eliot.
Me. His brothers, Daniel and Alexan-
der were brave soldiers of the Revolu-
tion and his wife.Phebe Xoble.had two
brothers, Reuben and Nathan Jr., in
the army from Gray. Her father. Na-
than Noble, was a veteran of three
wars and was killed during the battle
of Saratoga, in the 11th Mass. Regt.
in his fifty-fifth year. My grandfather
was born the next spring after his
death and his mother named him for
his grandfather. T^'hen he grew up
he was a soldier and commanded the
Windham company through the 1?12
war. He had a grandson in the Rebel-
lion and a great grandson in the late
Spanish war. It needs no words of mine
to tell where Benjamin Goold's heart
was during the Revolutionary war,
Quaker or no Quaker.
Those townsmen who served as se-
lectmen during the war deserve our
warmest praise. They were the bus-
iness men of the town and managed ''he
affairs as only patriots can. Any .lis-
tory of "Windham during the war
would be incomplete witho- I their
names. They were as follows:
Thomas Trott, 11 10,
The town clerks were:
Richard Dole, 1775, 1776 and 1783.
Edward Anderson, 1777, 17S2.
The women of the town, during the
war, we must not pass by. for they had
stout hearts and were constant allies
in the struggle for their country's lib-
erty. They, in the darkest hour.= , ut-
tered words of encouragement,
furnished examples of devotion and
spun, wove and sewed for the comfort
of the soldiers, as only those can whose
li'jarid Uic ill Lii'-if v.'uik. Taey ocui.
their husbands and sons into the army
would have been difficult had it tieon
otherwise. There w'as no division of
interest with the sons of the town and
there is none in the glory of their
"U'indham emerged from the loner ex-
hausting war of the Revolution impov-
erished beyond what can now be re-
alized. They had built the foundation
for our success and the liberty we en-
joy and were themseK'es satisfied with
the work. They were heavily in debt,
but although, at first, they were snme-
what uneasy as to the prospects of
ever paying the cost, they met their
responsibilities like men. After the war
the town grew and the settlement of
the whole township was consumated.
as far as is seen now.
When the war of 1812. came on. tho
sons of the Revolutionary patriots of
"Windham shirked no responsibility,
although it was not a war of their
choosing. In 1814. when the militia was
called out for the defense of Portland.
Capt. Nathan Goold's company re-
ceived their orders at nine o'clock at
niffht and the next morning, at nine,
they were on Munjoy Hill, in Portland,
armed and equipped ready for anv
service th^y might be called upon to
perform. In the Rebellion, the errand-
sons and great grandsons felt the blood
of their fathers rjuicken in their veins
and the town met the demands upon it
with spirit. to battle for the sam" old
flag. A glance over the rolls show that
the men had inherited the patriotism of
their ancestors, for we find amone the
"V\''indham men the names. — Mavberry,
Manchestei-. Swntt. GrMff;ini, K!ii--rhr.
*"derson. Dole. Tripp, L.egrow. VAlw.-t
Elder, Bodge. Jordan. Little. Hall,
Austin. Hanson, Ppttine"ill. Lowell,
and Brown. The Mayberrys. Man-
chesters, I.,ittles, Lowells, Bodges.
Knicrhts and Leprows have their rep-
resentatives among the honored dead
from "Windham in that Civil war.
This is a grand record for this,
then border town of "Windham, whoc"
people had not themselves ff=lt
the effects of any of the British
oppression. They were small in
numbers and poor in this world's
goods but they showf'd themsplves
people of principle, patriots in examnle
and they illuminated th^ir town's his-
tory as lonsr ns tho country sh-nll r-xisf.
A ipsson of fh'=- Rf'VOiiitioi is the =0-
Hcitude of our brave ancestors for th-^
approval of their posterity in the work
they were then undertakintr. They
tions an example which they wisned
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
them to follow, if they were called upon
and supported their families staking:
everything on the result. The end
to do so. It seems rather pitiful, to
us now, to think of the intereirt those
homespun men took in the sjenerations.
then unborn, that they misht have
more opportunities than they them-
selves had ever enjoyed. Those patriots
builded better than they knew and
their memories deserve well of us who
are reaping- the benefit of the results
of their lives. This calls to our minds
the cost of this government of ours.
More than a million lives have been
already sacrificed and billions of mon-
ey spent, beside the human suffering
incident from wars, to make our coun-
try what it is today. Is it a wonder.
when its existence is threatened, that the
patriotic people rise up to defend it to
the end? The spirit of rheir fathers is