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ij9it0ti(«I ^ttUi, 

No. VII. 


WiU\)(tafi P4ttf)0n 




Rise, Progress, and Termination, 


Dr. cotton MATHER, 








iJrrfacf, f-ntvoUuction, aiin Xotrs. 


More Wonders of the Invijtbk World. 

MDCCCLXVL l5i<»^ , 



Entered according to A61 of Congrefs in the Year 1865, 


in the Clerk's Office of the Diftrid Court of the United States 

for the Diftria of MafTachufetts. 


Edition 70 Copies royal 8vo. 

MuNSELLy Printer. 

•« ••• • ,• • 

• • -'• •• 

• •/• • • 
•' •••••• 

• « • 





An Impartial Account of the moji Memo- 
rable Matters of FaSf^ touching thefup- 
pofed Witchcraft in New-England. 

MR. PARRIS^ had been fome years a Min- 
ifter in Salem- Village^ when this fad Ca- 
lamity (as a deluge) overflowed them, Ipreading 

' The following Entry is in the 
Hand-writing of Mr. Parris on his 
Church Records: ** It is well known 
that when thefe Calamities firft be- 
gan, which Was in my own Family, 
the AfflidUon was fcveral Weeks 
before fuch hellifti Operations as 
Witchcraft was fufpcdled ; Nay, it 
never broke fortl\ to any confidera- 
blc Light, until diabolical Means was 
ufed, by the making of a Cake by 
my Indian Man [John], who had 

his Directions from this our Sifter 
Mary Sibly. Since which Appa- 
ritions have been plenty, and ex- 
ceeding much Miichief hath fol- 
lowed. But by this Means (it 
feems) the Devil hath been rai(ed 
amongft us, and his Rage is vehe- 
ment and terrible; and when he 
(hall be iilenced, the Lord * only 
knows." — Hanfon^s Uift, Danvers^ 
289. As will be fcen, Mr. Parris 
was made Scribe at the Examination. 

4 .\ •• .• Matters of FaEi. [91] 

itfel£^fer ttnd near : He was a Gentleman of Liberal 
Edtudctibn, and not meeting with any great En- 
.-jSjoragement, or Advantage in Merchandizing, to 
-••/V^hich for fome time he apply'd himfelf, betook 
'••Tiimfelf to the work of the Miniftry ; this Vil- 
lage being then vacant, he met with fo much 
Encouragement, as to fettle in that Capacity 
among tnem. 

After he had been there about two years, he 
obtained a Grant from a part of the Town, that 
the Houfe and Land he Occupied, and which 
had been Alotted by the whole People to the 
Miniftry, fhould be and remain to him, &c. as 
his own Eftate in Pee Simple. This occafioned 
great Divtfions both between the Inhabitants 
themfelves, and between a confiderable part of 
them and their faid Minifter, which Divifions 
were but as a beginning or Praludium to what 
immediately followed. 

It was the latter end of February 1691,* when 
divers young Perfons belonging to Mr. Parris's 
Family, and one or more of the Neighbourhood, 
began to [91] Adl, after a ftrange & unufual 
manner, vtz. as by getting into Holes, and creep- 
ing under Chairs and Stools, and to ufe fundry 
odd Poftures and Antick Geftures, uttering fool- 
ifh, ridiculous Speeches, which neither they 

8 It is remarkable that this Cafe 3. See alfo Records of Salem 

fhould not be noticed in the Won- Witchcrafts 49, *^herc by Parris*s 

ders of the Invifibie World, It is Depofition, his Age is dated at 

told in Lawon's Narrative^ Page ** Thirty and nine." 

[91] Matters of FaSf. 5 

themfelves nor any others could make fenfe of; 
the Phyficians3 that were called could affign no 
reafon for this ; but it feems one of them, hav- 
ing recourfe to the old fhift, told them he was 
afraid they were Bewitched ; upon fuch fuggef- 
tions, they that were concerned, applied them- 
felves to Fafting and Prayer, which was attended 
not only in their own private Families, but with 
calling in the help of others. 

March the i ith. Mr. P arris invited feveral 
Neighbouring Minifters to join with him in 
keeping a Solemn day of Prayer at his own 
Houfe ; the time of the exercife thofe Perfons 
were for the moft part filent, but after any one 
Prayer was ended, they would A6t and Speak 
ftrangely and Ridiculoufly, yet were fuch as had 
been well Educated and of good Behaviour, the 
one a Girl of 1 1 or 1 2 years old, would fome- 
times feem to be in a Convuljion Fit, her Limbs 
being twifted feveral ways, and very ftifF, but 
prefently her Fit would be over. 

A few days before this Solemn day of Prayer, 
Mr. P arris's Indian Man and Woman made a 
Cake of Rye Meal, with the Childrens Water, 
and Baked it in the Afhes, and as is faid, gave it 
to the Dog ; this was done as a means to Dif- 
cover Witchcraft; foon after which thofe ill 

3 None of the Accounts give the ncfs their Relations ufed Phyfic for 

Names of the " Phyficians." "One their Cure^ but it was altogether 

or two of the Firft that were Af- in vain."— Z/W!^/r, Second Edition^ 

flifled. Complaining of unufual 111- 97-8. 

6 Matters of Fa&. [91] 

afFefted or afflidled Perfons named feveral that 
they faid they faw, when in their Fits, afflidting 
of them. 

The firft complained of, was the faid Indian 
Woman,- named Tituba^^ {he confefTed that the 
Devil urged her to fign a Book, which he pre- 
fented to her, and alfo to work Mifchief to the 
Children, &c. She was afterwards Committed 
to Prifon, and lay there till Sold for her Fees. 
The account fhe fince gives of it is, that her 
Matter did beat her and otherways abufe her, to 
make her confefs and accufe (fuch as he call'd) 
her Sifter- Witches, and that whatfoever fhe faid 
by way of confefling or accufing others, was the 
efFedl of fuch ufage ; her Mafter refufed to pay 
her Fees, unlefs fhe would ftand to what fhe had 

The Children complained likewife of two 
other Women, to be the Authors of their Hurt, 
Viz. Sarah Goody who had long been counted a 
Melancholy or DijiraSled^ovciZViy and one Ojburny 
an Old Bed-rid Women, which two were Perfons 
fo ill thought of, that the accufation was the 
more readily believed; and after Examination 
before two Salem Magiftrates were committed r^ 

4 She is faid to have been a Slave, 1 69 1 -2. It occupies four full Pages 

formerly in New Spain. When of Foolfcap, and is in the Editor's 

arrefted and searched, the Marks pofTeflion, and has never been pub- 

on her Body produced by the Sting lifhed. There is no copy at Salem, 

of the Spaniard's Whip, were faid probably, as it does not appear in 

to be made by the Devil. — Hnnfon, Mr. Woodward's Publication. 

Hi/L Danvers, 273. Her firft Ex- ^ The two Magiftrates were John 

amination was on the i ft of March, Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin. 


Matters of FaB. 

March the 1 9/A, Mr. Law/on (who had been for- 
merly a Preacher at the faid Village) came thither, 
and hath fince fet forth in Print an account of 
what then paffed, about which time, as he faith, 
they complained of Goodwife Cory^ and Good- 
wife Nurfe^ Members of Churches at the Village, 
and at Salem^ many others being by that time 

March the 21^, Goodwife Cory^ was examined 
before the Magiftrates of Salemj at the Meeting 
Houfe in the Village, a throng of Spedlators being 
prefent to fee the Novelty, Mr. Noyes^ one of 
the Minifters of Salem ^egan with Prayer, after 
which the Pufoner being call'd, in order to an- 
fwer to what [92] fhould be Alledgcd againft 

William Allen, John Hughes, Wil- 
liam Good and Samuel Braybrook 
were Witnefles againfl Sarah Good. 
Allen fwore, that on the jft of 
March, in the Night, he faw a 
ftrange and unufual Bead lying on 
the Ground, which, when he came 
up to it, it vanifhed away; and in 
the Place thereof, darted up two or 
three Women, who fled, though 
not as other Women, and foon van- 
ifhed out of Sight. It was about 
an Hour within Night, and he took 
the Women to be Sarah Good, Sa- 
rah Ofborn, and Tittabe. John 
Hughes was with him and fwore 
likewife. See Records S. W,, i, 
38, where much more of the fame 
.Tenor may be feen. 

" Martha Cory was witncfled 
againft by Edward Putnam and 
Henry Keney, at the Commence- 

ment ; and the Mittimus fets forth 
that flie is the Wife of Giles 
Cory, of Salem Farms. At the fame 
Time were committed Rebecka 
NuHe, Wife of Francis Nurfe, of Sa- 
lem Village, Hufbandman;* Dorothy 
Good, Daughter of William Good; 
Sarah Cloyce, the Wife of Peter 
Cloyce, of Salem Village ; John 
Pro^or, of Salem Farms, and Eli- 
zabeth his Wife. They were 
charged with afflicting Ann Put- 
nam, Daughter of Thomas Put- 
nam, Abigail Williams, Elizabeth 
Hubbard, and others. 

^ Nicholas Noyes was Son of 
Nicholas Noyes, of Newbury, a 
Graduate of H. C., 1667, and died 
in 1717. He was one of the (c- 
vcrcft Inlligators of the Proceedings 
againfl the accufcd Perfons. He was 
fettled in Salem in 1683. 


Matters of FnSi. 


her, (he defired that (he might go to Prayer, and 
was anfwered by the Magiftrates, that they did 
not come to hear her pray, but to examine her. 

The number of the Afflifted were at that time 
about Ten, fVz. Mrs. Pope^ Mrs. Putman^ good- 
wife Bibber^ and Goodwife Goodally Mary Wol- 
cotty Mercy Lewes (at Thomas Putmans) and Dr. 
Griggs Maid, and three Girls, Fiz. Elizabeth Par^ 
risy Daughter to the Minifter, Abigail Williams 
his Neice, and Ann Putman^ which laft three, 
were not only the beginners, but were alfo the 
chief in thefe Accufations.^ Thefe Ten were 

6 Indifferently wrjtten in the Re- 
cords Bibber and Fibber. The 
true Name appears to be Bibber. 
Sarah Bibber, in her Teftimony 
againil Sarah Good, gives her Age 
as 36. She gave Evidence againft 
nine Perfons at different Times. 
Not much has been found about 
her beyond her own Teftimony. 
She ap|)ears to have had a Hufband, 
who had the Prefix Goodman. At 
one Time fhe and her Hufband 
lived at the Houfe of Jofeph Fowler. 
Fowler gave her a bad Charaftcr; 
as given to Tatding and Mifchief- 
majung ; would call her Hufband 
bad Names, was " of a very tur- 
bulent, unruly Spirit." Alfo Tho- 
mas Jacobs and his Wife Mary, 
faid that " Good Bibbor did for a 
Time furgine [fojourn] in their 
Houfe-/' that (he " uery often fpckc- 
ing againft one and nother uery ob- 
fancly, and wichfhing [wifhing] uery 
bad wichchis, and uery often. She 
wichs that when hor chill [child] 

fell into the Reuer that fhe had 
neuer pull hor child out." That 
fhe made ill Wifhes againft every- 
body and herfclf too. ** The nay- 
borhud were fhe liueued amonkes 
aftor fhe bered hor fuft houfbon 
hes tolld us that this John Bibber 
Wife coud fall into fitts as fhe 
plefed." — Records S. IF,, ii, 204-5. 

Neither Felt nor Savage appear 
to have met with either the Name 
of Bibber or Fibber. 

® **It was feveral Times obferved, 
that when they were difcourfed 
with about GOD or CHRIST, t)r 
the Things of Salvation^ they were 
prefently afflifted at a dreadful Rate, 
and hence were oftentimes Outra- 
giouSf if they were permitted to be 
in the Congregation, in the Time 
of the Publick Worfhip." — Law- 
/on. Second Edit,, 98. 

" On Lord's Day, the 20th of 
March were fundry of the afHidlcd 
Perfons at Meeting, as Mrs. Pope 
[Wife of Mr. Jofeph P.], Good- 

[92] Matters of FaEi. 9 

moft of them prefent at the Examination, and 
did vehemently accufe her of Afflifting them, by 
Biting, Pinching, Strangling, ^c. And they faid, 
they did in their Fits fee her likenefs coming to 
them, and bringing a Book for them to Sign ; 
Mr. Hat horn J a Magiftrate oiSalem^ afked her, why 
(he Afflid:ed thofe Children ? (he faid, (he did not 
Afflia them, he afked her who did then ? (he 
faid, I do not know, how fliould I know? (he 
faid, they were Poor Diftradted Creatures, and no 
heed to be given to what they faid ; Mr. Hathorn 
and Mr. Noyes replied that it was the Judgment 
of all that were there prefent, that they were 
bewitched, and only (he (the Accufed) faid they 
were Diftrafted : She was Accufed by them, that 
the Black Man Whifpered to her in her Ear now 

wife Bibber, Abigail Williams y Williams ^ upon my referring to my 

Mary Walcut, Mary Letoes, and DoBrine, faid to me, / know no 

DoAer Griggs Maid. There was Do Brine you bad^ if you did name 

alfo at Meeting Goodwife C. [Co- one, I have forgot it. In Sermon 

ry] (who was afterward Examined Time when Goodwife C. was pre- 

on Sufpicion of being a Witch:) fent Ab. W^. called out. Look where 

They had feveral lore Fits, in the Goodwife C. fits on the Beam 

Time of Publick Worfhip, which fuck[l]ing her Yellow Bird be- 

did fomething interrupt me in my twixt her Fingers ! Anne Putman^ 

firft Prayer; being fo unufual. Af- another Girle afflidled, faid there 

ter Pfahn was Sung Abigail Wil- was a Telhw Bird fat on my Hat as 

Hams faid to me. Now ftand up,2Lr\di it hung on the Pin in the Pulpit I 

Name your Text! And after it But thofe that were by reftrained 

was read, (he faid. It is a long Text, her from fpeaking loud about it." 

In the beginning of Sermon, Mrs. — Lawfon, Firjl Edition, Pages 3 

Pope, a Woman afflidted, faid to and 4. 

me, Now there is enough of that. This, as will have been noticed, 

And in the Afternoon, Abigail is the Account of an Eye Witnefs. 


I o Matters of FaEi. [92] 

(while fhe was upon Examination) and that (he 
had a Yellow Bird, that did ufe to Suck between 
her Fingers, and that the faid Bird did Suck now 
in the Affembly ; order being given to look in 
that place to fee if there were any fign, the Girl 
that pretended to fee it faid, that it was too late 
now, for fhe had removed a Pin, and put it on 
her Head, it was upon fearch found, that a Pin 
was there flicking upright. When the Accufed 
had any motion of their Body, Hands or Mouth, 
the Accufers would cry out, as when fhe bit a 
Lip, they would cry out of being bitten, if fhe 
grafped one hand with the other, they would cry 
out of being Pinched by her, and would produce 
marks, fo of the other motions of her Body, as 
complaining of being Prefl, when fhe lean'd to 
the feat next her, if fhe flirred her Feet, they 
would flamp and cry out of Pain there. After 
the hearing the faid Cory was committed to 
Salem Prifon, and then their crying out of her 

March the 24/^6, Goodwife Nurfe was brought 
before Mr. Hathorn and Mr. Curwin (Magiflrates) 
in the Meeting Houfe, Mr. Hale Minifler of 
Beverly^ began with Prayer, after which fhe being 
Accuf'd of much the fame Crimes made the like 
anfwers, afferting her own Innocence with ear- 
neflnefs. The Accufers were moflly the fame, 
Tho Putmans Wife, &c, complaining much. The 
dreadful Shreiking from her and others, was very 


Matters of FaSf. 


amazing, which was he»d at a great diftance; 
fhe was alfo Committed to Prifon.'° 

A Child of Sarah Goods^ was likewife appre- 
hended, being between 4 and 5 years Old, the 
Accufers faid this Child bit them, and would 
fhew fuch like marks, as thofe of a fmall Sett of 
Teeth upon their Arms, as many of the Afflifted 

!•' The Warrant for the Apprc- 
hcnfion of Rebecca Nurfe iis dated 
23 March, 169 J. The Day fol- 
lowing, the Marfhal George Her- 
rick, made his Return, that he had 
brought her to the houfe of Nath, 
Ingerfai^ where fhe was in Cuftody. 
The Witneflcs were Ann Puttnam, 
Jr., Abigail Williams, Mary Wal- 
cott,and Elizabeth Hubbard. Mary 
Walcott's Age was about 1 7 ; Eliza- 
beth Hubbard's alfo about 1 7. No- 
thing could be too abominable for 
thefe Mifcreants to make up and 
fwear to. Mary Walcotl faid, 
among other things, that befides 
being " mod grcvioufly affli6lcd by" 
being bitten, pinched, and almoft 
choked by the Prifoner, bccaufe (he 
would not write in her Book, Goody 
N faid (he would kill her if (he 
did not; and on the 3d of May, 
in the Evening the Apparition of 
the Prifoner told her ** (he had an 
Hand in the Deaths of Benjamin 
Holion, John Harrod, Rebekah 
Sheppard and fcucrall others.'* 

Abigail Williams's Teftimony is 
much the fame She heard the Ac- 
cufed confefs (by her Apparition) 
the committing of feveral Murders, 
together with her Sifter Cloyfe; as 
upon old Goodm : Hanvood, Benj. 

Porter and Rebek: Shepard. ..." 
Sarah Vibber, Mr. Sam: Parris, N. 
Tngerfoll and T. Putnam alfo tefti- 
fied againft the poor aged Woman. 
Putnam's Age was about 40; Par- 
ris's, as before mentioned, about 
39. John Putnam, Sen. (another 
Wit.) aged about 63. Edwd. Put- 
nam, another, aged about 30. Ano- 
ther, Sarah Holton, relid of Benj. 
Holton. Another^ Ann Putnam,, 
Wife of Thonjasj . fwore to the 
choking by the Accufed, and to her 
declaring (ha^would kill her, and 
faid (he hack killed Benj. Holton, 
John Fuller and Rebekah Shepard ; 
alfo that (he and her Sifter Cloyfe 
and Ed : Bi(hop had killed young 

John Putnam's Child "Im- 

mediately there did appear to me 
(ix Children in Winding-(heet8, 

which called me Aunt Told 

me they were my Sifter Baker's 
Children of Bofton; and that Good- 
dy Nurs, and Miftris Cary of 
Charleftown, and an old deaf Wo- 
man at Bofton had murthered them. 
.... Alfo there appeared to me 
my own Sifter Bayley and three of 
her Children in Winding-(heets, 
and told me Goody Nurf had mur- 
thered them." This was all taken 
as good and fu(Hcient Teftimony ! 

1 2 Matters of FaEi. [93 ] 

as the Child caft its Eye upon, would complain 
they were in Torment ; which Child they alfo 

Concerning thefe that had been hitherto Ex- 
amined and Committed, it is [93] among other 
things obferved, by Mr. Law/on (in Print") that 
they were by the Accufers charged, to belong to 
a Company that did mufter in Arms, and were 
reported by them to keep Days of Faft, Thankf- 
giving and Sacraments ; and that thofe Afflifted 
(or Accufers) did in the Affembly, Cure each 
other, even with a touch of their hand, when 
ftrangled and otherways tortured, and would en- 
deavour to get to the Afflidled to relieve them 
thereby (for hitherto they had not ufed the Ex- 
periment of bringing the Accufed to touch the 
Afflifted, in order to their Cure) and could fore- 
tell one anothers Fits to be coming, and would 
fay, look to fuch a one, (he will have a Fit pre- 
fently and fo it happened, and that at the fame 
time when the Accufed perfon was prefent, the 
Afflifted faid they faw her SpeSire or likenefs in 
other places of the Meeting Houfe Sucking [suck- 
ling! their Familiars. 

The faid Mr. Law/on being to Preach at the 
Village, after the Pfalm was Sung, Abigail Williams 
faid. Now Ji and up and name your Text ; after it was 
read, (he faid. It is a long Text. Mrs. Pope in the 
beginning of Sermon faid to him. Now there is 

*^ This Reference is to the firft and 7 rue Narrative^ ^c. His 
Edition of Lawfon's Work, A Brief Account is given in Note 9. 

[93] Matters of FciEi. 13 

enough of that. In Sermon, he referring to his 
Doftrine, Abigail Williams faid to him, / know no 
Doiirine you hady if you did name one I have forgot 
it. Ann Putman an afflifted Girl, faid. There was 
a Yellow Bird fate on his Hat as it bung on the Pin 
in the Pulpit.^"" 

March 31, 1 692. Was fet apart as a day of Sol- 
em Humiliation at Salem^ upon the Account of 
this Bufinefs, on which day Abigail Williams faid. 
That Jhe faw a great number ofPerfons in the Vil- 
lage at the Adminijlration of a Mock Sacrament ^ 
where they had Bread as read as raw Flejh^ and red 

April I. Mercy Lewis affirmed. That Jhe faw a 
man in White ^ with whom Jhe went into a Glorious 
Place^ \YL. in her fits, where was no Light of the 
Sun J much lefs of Candles ^ yet was full of Light and 
Brightnefsy with a great Multitude in White Glit- 
tering Robes y who Sang the Song in Rev. v. 9. and 
the ex. and cxlix. Pfalms ; And was given that Jhe 
might tarry no longer in this place. This White 
Man is faid to have appeared feveral times to 
others of them, and to have given them notice 
how long it fhould be before they fliould have 
another Fit.'* 

April the 3^. Being Sacrament Day at the Vil- 
lage, Sarah CloySj Sifter to Goodwife Nurfe^ a 

' 2 Lawfon, Firft Edition ^ Page 4. Salem fince Danvers. 

'Ji Lawfon, Page 8. The Words 1^ This Affairof the ill of April, 

**/?/ tf Houfe in the Village^ are in is an Abridgement of Lawfon^ Page 

the Original, which fhows that the 8, but nothing important to the pre- 

Witch-mcciing was in that part of fcnt Purpofc is omitted. 

14 Matters of FaEi. [93] 

Member of one of the Churches, was (tho* it 
feems with difficuhy prevailed with to be) pre- 
fent ; but' being entred the place, and Mr. Par-- 
ris naming his Text, yohn vi. 70. Have not I 
chofen you Twelve^ and one of you is a Devil (for 
what caufe may reft as a doubt whether upon the 
account of her Sifters being committed, or be- 
caufe of the choice of that Text) Ihe rofe up and 
went out, the wind (hutting the Door forcibly, 
gave occafion to fome to fuppofe (he went out in 
Anger, and might occa(ion a fu(picion of her ; 
However (he was foon after complain'd of, ex- 
amined and committed.'^ 

jipril the iitb. By this time the number of 
the Accufed and Accufers being much increafed, 
was a Public Examination at Salem^ Six of the 
Magiftrates with feveral Minifters being prefent, 
there appeared feveral who complain'd againft 
others with hidious clamors and Screechings. 
Goodwife ProSior^^ was brought thither, being 

*^ The following is the Relation C. I did not think to fee you here ! 
by Lawfon, given in his own Words, (and being at their red bread and 
that the Reader may judge of his drink) faid to her, // this a Time to 
accuracy : " The 3d of Aprily the receive the Sacrament. Tou ran 
Lord's Day, being Sacrament Day, atoay on the Lord's Day, and /corned 
at the Village, Good, C, upon Mr. to receive it in the Meetinghoufe, and 
Parri/s naming his lext, John, 6, Is this a Time to receive it ? Iwon^ 
70. One of them is a Devil, the der at you! This is the Summ of 
faid Good. C. went immediately what I either faw myfelf, or did re- 
out of the Meetinghoufe, and flung ceive Information from Pcrfons of 
the door after her violently, to the undoubted Reputation and Credit." 
amazement of the Congregation : — Fage 8. 

She was afterwards feen by fome '** "On the i ith of April, 1692, 

in their Fits, who faid, O Goodto. ^ Council was convened at Salem ; 

[9+] Matters of FaSi. 15 

Accufed or cryed out againft; her Huf[94]band 
coming to attend and affift her, as there might 
be need, the Accufers cryed out of him alfo, and 
that with fo much earneftnefs, that he was Com- 
mitted with his Wife. About this time befides 
the Experiment of the Afflifted falling at the 
fight, &c. they put the Accufed upon faying the 
Lord's Prayer, which one among them performed, 
except in that petition ^Deliver us from Evil\ fhe 
expreft it thus [Deliver us from all Evil) this was 
lookt upon as if fhe Prayed againft what (he was 
now juftly under, and being put upon it again, 
and repeating thofe words \Hallowed be thy name] 
(he expreft it [Hollowed be thy Name] this was 
counted a depraving the words, as fignifying to 
make void, and fo a Curfe rather than a Prayer, 
upon the whole it was concluded that fhe alfo 
could not fay it, &c. Proceeding in this work 
of examination and Commitment many were 

at which there were prefcnt Dep. AftsofWitchcraft,committedonihe 
Gov. Thomas Danforth, James Bodiesof Abigail Williams and John 
Russell, John Hathorne, Isaac Indian, both of Mr. Samuel Parris 
Addington, Maj. Samuel Apple- his Famyly, Mary Walcot, Ann 
TON, Capt. Samuel Sewall and Putnam and Mercy Lewis, Sec** 
Jonathan Corwin. To them Com- When the Accufed were brought be- 
plaini was exhibited by Cipt. Jon- fore the Council, Mr. Parris "was 
athan Wallcott and Lieut. Nathan- defired and appointed to wright y« 
iell Ingerfali, both of Salem Village, Examination, which he accepted, 
on the behalf of feveral Neighbors, and the Record is ftill extant in his 
as well as on their own ; againft Hand-writing. Accordingly Eliza- 
Sarah Cloyce, wife of Peter Cloycc beth Pro6lor, and her Hufband, 
of Salem Village, and Elizabeth John Prodlor, and Sarah Cloyce 
Prodor, wife of John Pro6lor of were all committed to Prifon, ** per 
Salem Farms [on the Road towards advifc of y^ Councill." — Witch- 
Befton] for high fufpition of fundry craft Records^ i. 101-2. 

1 6 Matters of Fa£i. [93 ] 

lent to Prifon. As an Inftance, fee the following 
Mittimus : 

To their Majefties Goal-keeper in Salem. 

YOU are in Their Majefties Names hereby re- 
quired to take into your care^ and fafe cuftody^ 
the Bodies of William Hobs, and Deborah his 
Wife^ Mary Eafly, the Wife of Ifaac Eafly, and 
Sarah Wild, the Wife e/' John Wild, all of Top{- 
field ; and Edward Bifhop, of Salem-Village ; 
Huft?andman, and Sarah his Wife, and Mary Black, 
a negro of Lieutenant Nathaniel Putmans, ^Sa- 
lem-Village ; alfo Mary Englifli the Wife ^Philip 
Englifli,'^ Merchant in Salem ; who ft and charged 
with High Sufpicion of Sundry ABs of Witchcraft j 

' ' The Tcftimony and Indid- cepiions. Mrs. Engliih was ac- 
nient againft Philip Englifh may be cufed before her Hufband. One 
fcen in the Hift, and Antitfs Bofton^ Mary Warren, Servant to Mr. 
497, prii ted from the Originals in Profter, outwent all others, except 
the Author's Poflcflion. With the perhaps Elizabeth Booth, in the 
iame are the two Indidlments (in Invention of Stories. Rebutting 
the Hand-writing of Edward Raw- Teftimony was brought againft her, 
fon), charging him with bewitching but it had no Effc6l with the Court. 
Elizabeth Booth, of Salem, Single- Edward Bi(hop, aged 44; Sarah, 
woman, and Mary Wallcott. Thcfe 41, and Mary Eftey, 56; all faid 
Indidments are both dated May that they heard Mary Warren fay, 
31ft, 1692. The Monrters who when in Jail together in Salem, that 
carried on the Charges, were much the Magiftrates might as well ex- 
like a Paclc of hungry Wolves, amine Keyfar's Daughter that had 
One would fct up the Howl of been diftrailcd many Years, and 
Witch, and immediately others believe what (he faid, as well as 
would follow. So in the Cafe of whatany ofthe Afflidled faid. Mary 
Philip Englifli, a large .number of Englifh, aged 39, faid, being at Sa- 
Perfons joined thofe Girls in their lem about a Month before, (he 
"Crying out on" him. This en- heard Mary Warren fpeak the fame 
CO u raged them to keep up their Dc- Words. 

[9+] Matt£r^ of FaEi. 17 

done or committed by them lately upon the Bodies of 
Ann Putman, Mary Lewis and Abigail Williams, 
^ Salem- Village; whereby great Hurt and Dam- 
age hath been done to the Bodies of the f aid PerfonSj 
according to the complaint ^Thomas Putnam and 
John Buxton ^ Salem- Village, Exhibited. Salem, 
Apr 21, 1692, appears J whom you are to fecure in 
order to their further Examination. Fail not. 

John Hathorn, ) ^^^^^^ 
Jona. Curwm, j ^-^ 

Dated Salem, April 22, 1692. 

To Marjhall Gtorgc Her- | 
rick of Salem EJfex. j 

TO U are in their Majejiies Names hereby 
required to convey the above-named to the Goal at 
Salem. Fail not. 

Dated Silcm^ Apr 22, 1692. 

The occafion of Bijhops being cry'd out of, was 
he being at an Examination in Salem^ when at the 
Inn an afflifted Indian was very unruly, whom he 
undertook, and fo managed him, that he was very 
orderly, after which in riding home, in company 
of him and other Accufers, the Indian fell into a 
fit, and clapping hold with his Teeth on the back 
of the Man that rode before him, thereby held 

1 8 Matters of Fa&. [95] 

himfclf upon the Horfe, but faid, Bijbop ftriking 
him with his ftick, the Indian foon recovered, 
and promifed he would do fo no more ; to which 
Bijhop replied, that he [95] doubted not, but he 
could cure them all, with more to the fame efFed ; 
immediately after he was parted from them, he 
was cried out of, Gfr. 

May 14, 1692. Sir William Pbips arrived with 
Commiffion from their Majefties to be Governor, 
purfuant to the New Charter; which he now 
brought with him ; the Ancient Charter having 
been vacated by King Charles^ and King James 
(by which they had a power not only to make 
their own Laws; but alfo to chufe their own 
Governor and Officers ;) and the Countrey for fome 
years was put under an abfolute Commiffion- 
Government, till the Revolution, at which time, 
tho more than two thirds of the People were for 
reafluming their ancient Government, (to which 
they had encouragement by his then Royal High- 
nefs's Proclamation) yet fome that might have 
been better imployed'^ (in another Station) made 

'*" Dr. Mather affirms that ** the \\\\s lieaJJ'umption ! They that were 

0/d iUvernmeut was Rea£umed^ acquainted with me, 1 am furc, did 

and the Old Charter too was Re not think fo; and ;hcy that fcnt 

tijjumedt as far as. it was polTible to their Tory Pamphlets about the 

be done; Every thing in the World Countrey againft me, as an Impu- 

was done, but only declaring that dent Youth [then aged 26] for my 

the Judgment pafled in the King's alTifting the lieajfumed Government^ 

Court of" Chancery (however it I am fure did not think fo. Let 

might be thought a (iricvance) did the things Publilhed for the fup- 

thc Charter no Damage ; v\hith if porting of the Reaflumed Govern- 

lomc were wifcr then to fay, who meni; and particularly the very firft 

can help it? Well, did I oppofc Pa[jage\x\ x\iQ frjl Sermon, lit the 

[95] Matters of FaSi. 19 

it their bufinefs (by printing, as well as fpeaking) 
to their utmpft to divert them from fuch a fettle- 
ment ; and fo far prevailed, that for about feven 
Weeks after the Revolution, here was not fo 
much as a face of any Government ; but fome 
few Men upon their own Nomination would be 
called a Committee of Safety ; but at length the 
Affembly prevailed with thofe that had been of 
the Government; to promife that they would re- 
affume ; and accordingly a Proclamation was 
drawn, but before publifliing it, it was under- 
written, that they would not have it underftood 
that they did reaffume Charter- Government ; fo 
that between Government and no Government, 
this Countrey remained till Sir William arrived : 
Agents being in this time impowered in England^ 
which no doubt did not all of them aft according 
to the Minds or Interefts of thofe that impowered 
them, which is manifeft by their not adting 
jointly in what was done ; fo that this place is 
perhaps a (ingle Inftance (even in the beft of 
Reigns) of a Charter not reftored after fo happy 
a Revolution. '9 

Jnmverjary E/f^ioft, whkh ihe Dc- Pages 46-7. The "Paflage" he 

putics of the General-Court called refers to in his Ele6lion Sermon is 

mc to Preach and Print^ (which 100 long to be extracted here, 

by the way, would they have done, * •' Our Author is not the only 

if the IToung Man had been fuch one who thought Dr. I. Mather 

an one as this Man would render had fome felfifti Ends to anfwcr in 

him ?) be my Everlafting Apology ; his Management of Affairs in Eng- 

and let Calves never Bleat, nor land. See Quincy, Hift. H. Col., 

Bulls {oi Bajhan) Roar againft me, i, 60. But Qnincy is entirely too 

on that Point any more." — Re- one-fided, ardent and dogmatical to 

marks upou a Scandalous Book, &c., be implicitly relied upon. 

20 Matters of FaSi. [96] 

This fettlement by Sir William Phips his being 
come Governour put an end to all difputes of 
thefe things, *° and being arrived, and having read 
his Commiffion, the firft thing he exerted his 
Power in, was faid to be his giving Orders that 
Irons fliould be put upon thofe in Prifon; for 
tho for fometime after thefe were Committed, 
the Accufers ceafed to cry out of them ; yet now 
the cry againft them was renewed, which occa- 
fioned fuch Order ; and tho there was partiality 
in the executing it (fome having taken them off 
almoft as foon as put on) yet the cry of thefe 
Accufers againft fuch ceafed after this Order.*' 

May 24. Mrs. Gary of Charlejiowriy was Ex- 
amined and Committed. Her Hufband Mr. Na- 
thaniel Gary has given account thereof, as alfo 
of her Efcape, to this EfFeft, 

/ having heard fome days^ that my Wife was ac- 
cufed of Witchcraft^ being much difiurbed at ity by 
advice^ we went to Salem-Village, to fee if the 
af\Q6\fi£ied knew her ; we arrived there^ 24. May^ 
it happened to be a day appointed for Examination ; 

-" That is the Difputes rcfpcfting of Bofton, for various Items ufcd 

the Form of Government. in the Prifon. Said Account be- 

"^^ It appears that fome Irons had gins about the 7th of March, 1691- 

becn prepared before the Arrival of 2. On " May 9th, To Chains for 

Gov. Phips, though he may have Sarah Good and Sarah Ofborn, 

ordered a further Supply, as Prif- 14 j. May 23d, To Shackles for 

oners greatly increafed about that 10 Prifoners. May 29th, to 1 pr. 

Time. Mr. Felt, the Annalift of Irons for Mary Cox," &c. Sec 

Salem, furnilhed Mr. J. W. Han- Hift, Danvers, 290. For other 

fon with a Copy of an Account of Items of this Sort, fee Records of 

the Prifon-kcepcr (John Arnold), S, W,^ ii, 212, et/e^. 

[96] Matters of FaEi. 21 

accordingly foon after our arrival^ Mr. Hathorn 
and Mr. Curwin, &c. went to the Meeting-houfey 
which was the place appointed for that Worky the 
Minijier began with Prayer y and having taken care 
to get a convenient place y I obfervedy that the of- 
fisted were two Girls of about Ten Tears oldy and 
about two or three other y of about eighteeny one of 
the girls talked mojiy and could difcern more than the 
rejl. The Pr if oners were called in one by onCy and 
as they came in were cried out of &c. The Prif- 
oner was placed about 7 or ^ foot from the JuJliceSy 
and the Accufers between the Jujiices and them ; 
the Prifoner was ordered to Jiand right before the 
yujiicesy with an Officer appointed to hold each bandy 
leaf they jhould therewith affliSi themy and the Prif- 
oner' s Eyes muft be conftantly on the Jujiices ; for if 
they look'd on the affliiledy they would either fall into 
their FitSy or cry out of being hurt by them ; after 
Examination of the Prifoner Sy who it was affliSled 
thefe Girlsy &c. they were put upon faying the 
hordes Prayery as a tryal of their guilt ; after the 
affiidied feem'd to be out of their FitSy they would 
look Jieadfajily onfome one perfony and frequently not 
fpeak ; and then the Jujiices faid they were Jiruck 
dumby and after a little time would fpeak again; 
then the Jujiices faid to the Accufers y which of you 
will go and touch the Prifoner at the Bar? then 
the moji courageous would adventurey but before they 
had made three Jieps would ordinarily fall down as 
in a Fit ; the Jujiices ordered that they jhould be 
taken up and carried to the Prifoner y that jhe might 

2 2 Matters of FaEi. [96] 

touch them ; and as foon as they were touched by the 
accufedj the Jujiices would fay ^ they are welly before 
I could difcern any alteration ; by which I obferved 
that the Jujiices underjiood the manner of it. Thus 
far I was only as a Speiiatorj my Wife alfo was 
there part of the time^ but no notice taken of her by 
the affliSiedj except once or twice they came to her 
and djked her name. 

But I having an opportunity to Difcourfe Mr. 
Hale [with whom I had formerly acquaintance) I 
took his advice J what I had beji to doy and defred of 
him that I might have an opportunity to f peak with 
her that accufed my Wife; which he promifed 
jhould be J I acquainting him that I repofed my trujl 
in him. 

Accordingly he came to me after the Examination 
was overy and told me I had now an opportunity to 
fpeak with the faid Accufer^ vyl. Abigail Williams, 
a Girl of 11 or 12 Tears old; but that we could 
not be in private at Mr. Parris's Houfe^ as he had 
promifed me ; we went therefore into the Alehoufe^ 
where an Indian man attended usy who it feems was 
one of the affii£ied: to him we gave fome Cyder ^ he 
jhewed fever al ScarSy that feemed as if they had been 
long there y and jhewed them as done by Witchcrafty 
and acquainted us that his WifCy who alfo was a 
Slavey was imprifon' d for Witchcraft.'^'^ And now 

2*^ This was Tituba, of whom confefs that the Qucftions were more 

Mention has been before made, ridiculous than the Anfwers of the 

See Note 4. Her firft Examination iimple Indian Woman, if poffible. 

is a furprifing Document, not only Her Hufband was known as John 

for its Length, but for its Matter; Indian. The original Minutes are 

and the Editor cannot but candidly in the Editor's PoiTeflion. 

[97] Matters of FaSi. 23 

injlead of one Accufer, they all came in^ who began 
to tumble down like Swine^ and then three Women 
were called in to attend them. We in the Room 
were all at a Jiand, to fee who they would cry out 
of; but in a Jhort time they cried [97] out, Gary : 
and immediately after a Warrant was fent from the 
yujiices to bring my Wife before them, who were 
ft ting in a Chamber near by, waiting for this. 

Being brought before the Jujiices, her chief ac- 
cufers were two Girls: my Wife declared to the 
yujiices, that jhe never had any knowledge of them 
before that day ; jhe was forced to jiand with her 
Arms fr etched out. I did requeji that I might hold 
one of her hands, but it was denied me ; then Jhe 
defred me to wipe the Tears from her Eyes, and the 
Sweat from her Face, which I did; then Jhe defred 
Jhe might lean herfelf on me, faying, Jhe Jhould faint. 

Juftice Hathorn replied, Jhe had jirength enough 
to torment thofe perjons, and Jhe Jhould have Jirength 
enough to Jiand. I f peaking fomething again/i their 
cruel proceedings, they commanded me to be flent, or 
elfe I Jhould be turned out of the Room. The Indian 
before mentioned, was alfo brought in to be one of her 
Ac cufers : being come in, he now [when before the 
yujiices) fell down and tumbled about like a Hog, 
but faid nothing. The yujiices ajked the Girls, 
who ajfliBed the Indian ? they anfwered Jhe [mean- 
ing my wife) and now lay upon him ; the yujiices 
ordered her to touch him, in order to his cure, but 
her head muji be turned another way, leaji injiead of 
curing, Jhe jhould make him worje, by her looking on 

24 Matters of FaSi. [97] 

hiniy her hand being guided to take hold of his ; but 
the Indian took hold on her hand^ and pulled her 
down on the Floor ^ in a barbarous manner ; then his 
hand was taken offy and her hand put on his, and the 
cure was quickly wrought. I being extreamly trou-- 
bled at their Inhumane dealings^ uttered a hajiy 
Speech [That God would take vengeance on them, 
and defired that God would deliver us out of the 
hands of unmerciful men.] Then her Mittimus 
was writ ; I did with difficulty and charge obtain 
the liberty of a Room^ but no beds in it ; if there 
hady could have taken but little reji that Night, Jhe 
was committed to Bojion Prifon ; but I obtained a 
Habeas Corpus to remove her to Cambridge Prifon, 
whiah is in our County of Middlefex. Having heen 
there one Night, next Morning the Jaylor^'^ put 
Irons on her legs [having received fuch a command) 
the weight of them was about eight pounds ; thefe 
with her other AffiiBions,foon brought her into Con- 
vulfion Fits, fo that I thought Jhe would have died 
that Night, Ifent to intreat that the Irons might be 
taken off, but all intreaties were in vain, if it would 
have faved her Life, fo that in this condition Jhe 
muji continue. The Tryals at Salem coming on, I 
went thither, to fee how things were managed; and 
finding that the SpeBre- Evidence was there received, 
together with Idle, if not Malicious fiories, againfi 
Peoples Lives, I did eafily fee which way it would 
go ;for the fame Evidence that Jerved for one, would 

-* This application of Irons was Governor. The Nameof the Jailor 
of couifc after the Arrival of the has already been given. 

[98] Matters of FaEi. 25 

ferve for all the reji ; I acquainted her with her 
danger ; and that if Jhe were carried to Salem to be 
tried, I feared Jhe would never return. I did my 
utmoji that Jhe might have her Tryal in our own 
County, I with fever al others Petitioning the Judge 
for it, and were put in hopes of it ; [98] but Ifoon 
faw Jo much, that I underjiood thereby it was not 
intended, which put me upon confulting the means of 
her efcape ; which thro the goodnefs of God was 
effeBed, and (he got to Road I/land, but foon found 
herfelf not fafe when there, by reafon of the purfuit 
after her ; from thence Jhe went to New- Tor k, along 
with fome others that had efcaped their cruel hands; 
where we found his Excellency Benjamin Fletcher, 
£/y; Governour, who was very courteous to us. Af- 
ter this fome of my Goods were feized in a Friends 
hands, with whom I had left them, and my f elf im- 
prifoned by the Sheriff, and kept in CuJiody half a 
day, and then difmiji ; but to f peak of their ufage of 
the Pr if oners, and their Inhumanity Jhewn to them, at 
the time of their Execution, nofober ChriJiian could 
bear ; they had alfo tryals of cruel mockings ; which 
is the more, confdering what a People for Religion, 
I mean ihe profejjion of it, we have been ; thofe that 
fuffered being many of them Church- Members, and 
mojl of them unf potted in their Converfation, till 
their Adverfary the Devil took up this Method for 
accufng them. 

Per Jonathan Cary.*^ 

2* It would feem from the Ke- ward) thai Gary's name was Na* 
cords y (as publifhed by Mr. Wood- tbanieL In Savage, we find that 



Matters of FaEi, 


May 31. Captain 'John Aldin was Examined at 
Saletn^ and Committed to Bojion Prifon, the 
Prifon-Keeper feeing fuch a Man Committed, 
of whom he had a good efteem, was after this 
the more Compaffionate to thofe that were in 
Prifon on the like account ; and did refrain from 
fuch hard things to the Prifoners, as before he 
had ufed. Mr. Aldin himfelf has given ac- 
count of his Examination, in thefe Words. 

An Account how John Aldin,*^ Senior^ was dealt 
with at S^Llcm-Fillage. 

JOHN Aldin Senior, of Bojion, in the County of 
Suffolk, Marriner, on the 2%th Day of May, 1 692, 
wasfentfor by the Magijirates ^Salem, in the County 
of Effex, upon the Accufation of a company of poor 
diJlraBed, or poffeffed Creatures or Witches; and 
being fent by Mr. Stoughton, arrived there the T^iji 
of May, and appeared at Salem- Village, before Mr. 
Gidney, Mr. Hathorn, and Mr. Curwin. 

Jonathan Cary of Charleftown had 
Wife Hannah Winfor; that Na- 
thaniel was Brother to Jonathan, 
and that they were Sons to James 
Cary, who came to Charleftown in 
or before 1639, Complaint was 
made againft Mrs. Cary by Mr. 
Thomas Putnam and Benjamin 
Hatchinfon, both of Salem Village. 
The Complaint was that (he had 
bewitched the mifcreant Girls be- 
fore-mentioned, Mary Walcotr, Ab- 
igail Willyams and Mercy Lewis. 
Mrs. Cary's Hufband is ftyled 
" Capt. Ndthaniell Cary of Charls 

Towne, Marencr.'* — "Records ^ ii., 

25 He was the Son of the Pil- 
grim John of the Mayflower. See 
an Account of him and his Perfe- 
cution in HijL and Antiqs. Bofton^ 
499. Alfo Records S. 1V,^ ii., 
196. His Accufers were the fame 
Wretches — Mary Lewis, Abigail 
Williams, Elizabeth Booth, Mary 
Walcott, Elizabeth Hubbard, Ann 
Putnam and Mary Warren. The 
Warrant for his Commitment was 
dated May 31ft, 1692, as will be 
feen immediately onward. 

[99] Matters of FaEi. 27 

T^hofe Wenches being prefentj who plaid their 

jugling trie Iks y falling down, crying out^ andjlaring 

in Peoples Faces ; the Magijirates demanded of them 

fever al times ^ who it was of all tl}e People in the 

Room that hurt them ? one ofthefe Accufers pointed 

fever al times at one Captain Hill,*^ there prefent, 

but fpake nothing ; the fame Accufer^ had a Man 

fanding at her back to hold her up ; he /looped down 

to her Ear, thenjhe cried out, Aldin, Aldin affiiSled 

her ; one of the Magijirates ajked her if jhe had 

ever feen Aldin, ^^ anfwered no, he aJked how jhe 

knew it was Aldin ? She f aid, the Man told her fo. 

Then all were ordered to go down into the Street, 
where a Ring was made ; and the fame Accufer 
cried out, there Jiands Aldin, a bold fellow with his 
Hat on before the Judges, he fells Powder and Shot 
to the Indians and French, [99] and lies with the 
Indian Squaes, and has Indian Papoofes. Then 
was Aldin committed to the MarJhaFs Cujlody, and 
his Sword taken from him ; for they f aid he affliBed 
them with his Sword. After fome hours Aldin was 
fent for to the Meeting-houfe in the Village before 
the Magijirates ; who required Aldin to jland upon 
a Chair, to the open view of all the People. 

The Accufers cried out that Aldin did pinch them, 
then, when he food upon the Chair, in thefght of all 
the People, a good way dijlant from them, one of the 
Magijirates bid the Marjhalto hold open Aldins hands, 
that he might not pinch thofe Creatures. Aldin 
ajked them why they jhould think, that he jhould come 

-*»The fame, probably, mentioned before. See Vol. ii. Page 75. 

28 Matters of FaB. [99] 

to that Village to affiiB thofe perfons that he never 
knew orfaw before? Mr. Gidney bid K\6in con- 
fefsy and give glory to God: Aldinjaid he hoped he 
Jhould give glory to God, and hoped he Jhould never 
gratijie the Devil; but appealed to all that ever 
knew him, if they ever fufpeBed him to be fuch a 
perfon, and challenged any one, that could bring in 
any thing upon their own knowledge, that might give 
fufpicion of his being fuch an one. Mr. Gidney 
faid he had known Aldin many Tears, and had been 
at Sea with him, and always looked upon him to be 
an honeji Man, but now he did fee caufe to alter his 
judgment : Aldin anfwered, he was for ry for that, 
but he hoped God would clear up his Innocency, that 
he would recall that judgment again, and added that 
he hoped that he Jhould with Job maintain his In- 
tegrity till he died. They bid Aldin look upon the 
Accufers, which he did, and then they fell down. 
Aldin ajked Mr. Gidney, what reafon there could 
be given, why Aldin's looking upon him did not 
fir ike him down as well? but no reafon was given 
that I heard. But the Accufers were brought to 
Aldin to touch th^m, and this touch they faid made 
them well. Aldin began to f peak of the Providence 
of God, infuffering thefe Creatures to accufe Inno- 
cent perfons ; Mr. Noyes aJked Aldin why he would 
offer to f peak of the Providence of God, God by his 
Providence {faid Mr. Noyes) governs the World, 
and keeps it in peace ; andfo went on with Difcourfe, 
and Jt opt Aldin 's mouth, as to that. Aldin told Mr. 
Gidney, that he could affure him that there was a 

[ I oo] Matters of FaSi. 29 

lying Spirit in t hem j for I can ajfure you that there 
is not a word of truth in all thefefay of me. But 
Aid in was again committed to the Marjhal^ and his 
Mittimus written^ which was as follows. 

To Mr. "John Arnold^ Keeper of the Prifon in Bofton, 
in the County ^/'SufFolk.*^ 

WHEREAS Captain John Aldin o/' Bofton, 
Mariner^ and Sarah Rice, fVife ^Nicholas 
Rice of Reding, Hujbandman^ have been this day 
brought bfore us^ John Hathorn and Jonathan 
Curwin, Efquires ; being accufed and fufpeBed of 
perpetrating divers aSis of Witchcraft^ contrary to 
t be form of the Statute^ in that Cafe made and pro- 
vided: Thefe are therefore [ 1 00] in Their Majejlies, 
King William and ^ueen Marys Names , to Will and 
require you^ to take into your Cujiody, the bodies of 
the faid John Aldin, ^W Sarah Kice^ and them fafely 
keep, ufitil they jhall thence be delivered by due courfe 
of haw ; as you will anjwer the contrary at your 
peril; and this Jhall be your fujicient Warrant. 
Given under our hands at Szlexn- Fillage, the 31ft ^ 
May, in the Fourth Tear of the Reign of our Sove- 
reign Lord and Lady^ William and Mary, now King 
and ^een over England, Gf^, Anno Dom. 1692. 

Jonathan Curwin, j -^ 

^' The original Mittimus does not at Salem. If prefervcd, it has not 
appear among the Records preferved been difcovered. 

30 Matters of FaEt. [^oo] , 

T!o Bofton Aldin was carried by a Conjiable^ no 
Bail would be taken for him ; but was delivered to 
the Prifon- keeper J where he remained Fifteen Weeks ; 
and then obferving the manner of Tryals^ and Evi- 
dence then taken ^ was at length prevailed with to 
make his Efcapej and being returned, was bound over 
to Anfwer at the Superior Court at Bofton, the laji 
Tuefday in April, Anno, 1693. And was there 
cleared by Proclamation, none appearing againjl him. 

Per. John Aldin, 

At Examination, and at other times, 'twas 
ufual for the Accufers to tell of the black Man, 
or of a Speftre, as being then on the Table, ©"r. 
The People about would ftrike with Swords, or 
fticks at tnofe places. One Juftice broke his cane 
at this Exercife, and fometimes the Accufers would 
fay, they ftruck the Spedlre, and it is reported 
feveral of the accufed were hurt and wounded 
thereby, though at home at the fame time. 

The Juftices proceeding in thefe works of 
Examination, and Commitment, to the end of 
May, there was by that time about a Hundred 
perfons Imprifoned upon that Account.** 
y June 2. A Ipecial Commiffion of Oyer and 
Terminer, having been liTued out, to Mr. Stoughton, 
the New Lieutenant Governour, Major Saltonjiall, 
Major Richards, Major Gidny, Mr. IVait Winthrop, 

"^^ Their Names may, probably. Records. Intereft fhouW prompt 
nearly all be collected from the fome one to make the Attempt. 

. [loi] Matters of Fa£i. 3 1 

Captain Sewally and Mr. Sergeant i^"^ Thefe (a 
Sluorum of them) fat at Salem this day ; where the 
moft that was done this Week, was the Tryal of 
one fi/^e?^ alias Oliver ^ of Salem; who having long 
undergone the repute of a Witch, occafioned by 
the Accufations of one Samuel Gray : he about 
20 Years jfince, having charged her with fuch 
Crimes, and though upon his Death-bed, he tef- 
tified his forrow and repentance for fuch Accufa- 
tions, as being wholly groundlefs ; yet the report 
taken up by his means continued, and flie being 
accufed by thofe afflifted, and upon fearch a Tet, 
as they call it, being found, fhe was brought in 
guilty by the Jury; fhe [loi] received her Sen- 
tence of Death, and was Executed, June 10. but 
made not the leaft Confeffion of any thing relating 
to Witchcraft. 3° 

June 15. Several Minifters in and near Bo/Ion^ 
having been to that end confulted by his Excel- 
lency, expreft their minds to this efFed:, viz. 

That they were affedted with the deplorable 
ftate of the afflifted ; That they were thankful 
for the diligent care of the Rulers, to deted: the 
abominable Witchcrafts, which have been com- 
mitted in the Country, praying for a perfedl dif- 
covery thereof. But advifed to a cautious pro- 
ceeding, leaft many Evils enfue, &c. And that 

20 Their Names have already 163 174, and of the fame riaiculous 

appeared. Capt. Sewall was the Character as others; yet not fo ri- 

well known Judge Sewall. diculous there as in the original 

3" See the long and tedious Tef- Records, which fee. Ezekiel Chee- 

timonies againft her in Vol. \, Pages ver took down the Examination. 

32 Matters of FaEi. [^o^] 

tendernefs be ufed towards thofe accufed, relating 
to matters prefumptive and convidtive, and alfo to 
privacy in Examinations, and to confult Mr. Fer^ 
kins and Mr. Bernard^ what tefts to make ufe of 
in the Scrutiny : That Preemptions and Convic- 
tions ought to have better grounds, than the 
Accufers affirming that they fee fuch perfons 
Spectres afflicting them ; and that the Devil may 
afflidt in the fhape of good Men ; and that falling 
at the fight, and rifing at the touch of the Ac- 
cufed, is no infallible proof of guilt ; That feeing 
the Devils ftrength confifts in fuch Accufations, 
our difbelieving them may be a means to put a 
period to the dreadful Calamities ; Neverthelefs 
they humbly recommend to the Government, the 
fpeedy and vigorous profecution of fuch as have 
rendered themfelves obnoxious, according to the 
direction given in the Laws of God, and the 
wholefome Statutes of the Englijh Nation, for 
the Detection of Witchcraft.3' 

3' Of this Abftraft Dr. Mather before I was Jo fully acquainted toitb 

fays : *' His firft and main Defign the Wiles of Satan, (for my faying 

is to render me odious unto the of which, on a certain Occafion, 

Countrey, as being one chief Abet- he flouts at me) I have a whole 

tor of that Opinion, That the Paragraph to caution againft ac- 

Devils cannot afflift in the Shape counting a bewitched Perfons pre- 

of an Innocent Perfon; and as being tending to fee an Apparition of fuch 

an Inciter of the Judges, to the or Jucb an one, an Argument of their 

Convidion of Witchcrafts upon being Naughty People. And fome 

that Opinion It is very certain of the Chief Minifters in this Land 

that his Confcience muft needs tell favoured that Book with their At- 

him, this is a mod Lying Accufa- teftation, however my Friend Calef 

tion. For in my Book of Memora- now Derides it." This was the 

ble Providences, which I writ before Work recommended by Mr. Bax- 

the Troubles at Salem, and even ler. 

[loi] Matters of FaEi. 33 

This is briefly the fubftance of what may be 
feen more at large iij Cafes of Confcience^ (^^^•) 
And one of them fince taking occafion to repeat 
fome part of this advice. Wonders of the Invifble 
Worldy p. 83. declares, (notwithflanding the Dif- 
fatisfadtion of others) that if his faid Book may 
conduce to promote thankfulnefs to God for fuch 
Executions, he fliall rejoice, &c. 

The 30th of Juney the Court according to Ad- 
journment again fat; five more were tried, W2?. 
Sarah Good and Rebecca Nurfe, oi Salem-Village ; 
Sufanna Martin of Amjbury ; Elizabeth How of 
Ipfwich; and Sarah Wildes of Topsfield: thefe 
were all condemned that Seflions, and were all 
Executed on the 19th of July.^^ 

At the Tryal of Sarah Good, one of the afflidted 
fell in a Fit, and after coming out of it, flie cried 
out of the Prifoner, for flabbing her in the breaft 
with a Knife, and that fhe had broken the Knife 
in flabbing of her, accordingly a piece of the 
blade of a Knife was found about her. Imme- 
diately information being given to the Court, a 
young Man was called, who produced a Haft 
and part of the Blade, which the Court having 
viewed and compared, faw it to be the fame. 
And upon inquiry the young Man affirmed, that 

32 The Trial of Sufanna Martin 76-99 ; Vol. ii. 2 1 5 ; of Sarah 

is given in the Wonders (Vol. i.) Wilds of Topsfield, Ibid, ii, 180- 

Pages 175-187; that of Elizabeth 182, 215; Sarah Good; Ibid, 11- 

How, Pages 188-194; that of Re- 24;ii, 214-15. The Partiality in the 

becca Nurfe in Records ofS. W, i. Wonders is elfewhere noticed. 


34 Matters of FaSi. [102] 

yefterday he happened to brake that Knife, and 
that he caft away the upper part, this afflidled 
perfon being then [102] prefent, the young Man 
was difmift, and (he was bidden by the Court not 
to tell lyes ;" and was improved (after as (he had 
been before) to give Evidence againft the Prifon- 

At Execution, Mr. Noyes urged Sarah Good to 
Confefs, and told her (he was a Witch, and fhe 
knew (he was a Witch, to which fhe replied, you 
are a Iyer ; I am no more a Witch than you are a 
Wizard, and if you take away my Life, God will 
give you Blood to drink. 

At the Tryal of Rebecca Nurfe, this was re- 
markable that the Jury brought in their Verdidl 
not Guilty, immediately all the accufers in the 
Court, and, fuddenly after all the afflidted out of 
Court, made an hideous out-cry, to the amaze- 
ment, not only of the Spectators, but the Court 
alfo feemed ftrangely furprized : one of the Judges 

33 The Trial of Sarah Good was and Mary his Wife, aged about 45 
one of a fingularly revolting Cha- and 38, refpeftively, teftificd that 
radcr. Her own Daughter, named William Good and his Wife Sarah, 
Dorothy, was one of the Witnefles being deftitute of a Houfe to dwell 
againil her. Said her Mother '* had in, they took them in out of Char- 
three Birds, one black, one yellow, ity ; but about two years and a half 
and that ihcfe Birds hurt the Chil- before, were obliged to turn them 
dren and afflicted Pcrfons." — Re- out " for quictncfs fake, the faid 
cords S, IV. i, 23. Her own Huf- Sarah was of fo turbulant a Sper- 
band gave her a very bad Charad^er, ritt, fpitefull and mallitioufly bent." 
but faid he knew nrthing of her Whereupon the faid Abbey in about 
being a Witch. The Story of the two years loft 17 head of Cattle, 
broken Knife, I do not remember befidcs Sheep and " Hoggs." — ^^- 
fecing in the Records, It was pro- cords y ib. 24-5. See alfo Mr. Up- 
bablv liipprcfled. Samuel Abbey ham's Le^ures on Witchcraft, 

[ 1 02 ] Matters of FaSi. 3 5 

expreft himfelf not fatisfied, another of them as 
he was going off the Bench, faid they would have 
her Indicted anew. The chief Judge faid he 
would not Impofe upon the Jury ; but intimated, 
as if they had not well confidered one Expreflion 
of the Prifoners when ftie was upon Tryal, vix. 
That when one Hobbs^ who had confefTed her- 
felf to be a Witch, was brought into the Court to 
witnefs againft her, the Prifoner turning her head 
to her, faid, \What^ do you bring her ? /he is one of 
us] or to that efFedt, this together with the Cla- 
mours of the Accufers, induced the Jury to go 
out again, after their Verdidt, not Guilty. But 
not agreeing, they came into the Court, and {he 
being then at the Bar, her words were repeated to 
her^ in order to have had her explanation of them, 
and (he making no Reply to them, they found 
the Bill, and brought her in Guilty ; thefe words 
being the Inducement to it, as the Foreman has 
fignified in writing, as follows. 

July 4, 1692. I Thomas Fifk,34 the Subfcriber 
hereof being one of them that were of the Jury laji 
week at Salem -court, upon the Tryal of Rebecca 
Nurfe, &c. being defired byfome of the Relations to 
give a Reafon why the Jury brought her in Guilty, 
after her VerdiB not Guilty ; I do hereby give my 
Reafons to be as follows, viz. 

fVhen the FerdiSi not Guilty was, the honored Court 
was pleafed to objeSi againji it j faying to them, that 

3* The Names of the Jurors are Foreman, Brother-in-law, I fuppofe 
not recorded. John Ruck was the of Mr. Burroughs. 

36 Matters of Fa£i. [103] 

they think they let Jlip the words ^ which the Prifoner 
at the Bar /pake againji herfelfy which were fpoken 
in reply to Goodwife Hobbs and her Daughter^ who 
had been faulty in Jetting their hands to the Devils 
Book^ as they have confejfed formerly ; the words were 
[What do thefe perfons give in Evidence againft 
me now, they ufed to come among us.] After 
the honored Court had manifejied their diJfatisfaBion of 
the VerdiSiy fever al of the "Jury declared themfehes 
defrous to go out again^ and thereupon the Honoured 
Court gan)e leave ; but when we came to conjider of 
the Cafe^ I could not tell how to take her words ^ as 
an Evidence againji her^ till Jhe had a further op- 
portunity to put her Senfe upon them^ f Jhe would 
take it ; and then going into Court, I mentioned the 
words aforefaidy which by one of the\\or^ Court 
were affirmed to have been fpoken by her, Jhe being 
then at the Bar, but made no reply, nor interpretation 
of them ; whereupon thefe words were to me a prin- 
cipal Evidence againft her. 

Thomas Fifk. 

When goodwife Nurfe was informed what ufe was 
made of thefe words, fhe put in this following 
Declaration into the Court. 

THESE prefents do humbly Jhew to the honoured 
Court and Jury, that I being informed, that 
the Jury brought me in Guilty, upon my faying that 
Goodwife Hobbs and her Daughter were of our Com^ 
pany ; but I intended no otherways, than as they were 

[103] Matters of FaB. 3 7 

Prifoners with us, and therefore did therij and yet do 
judge them not legal Evidence againji their fellow 
Prifoners. And I being fomething hard of hearings 
and full of griefs none informing me how the Court 
took up my words ^ and therefore had no opportunity to 
declare what I intended^ when If aid they were of our 

Rebecka Nurfe. 

After her Condemnation fhe was by one of the 
Minifters of Salem excommunicated; yet the 
Governour faw caufe to grant a Reprieve, which 
when known (and. fome fay immediately upon 
granting) the Accufers renewed their difmal out- 
cries againft her, infomuch that the Governour 
was by fome Salem Gentleman prevailed with to 
recall the Reprieve, and (he was Executed with 
the reft. 

The Teftimonials of her Chriftian behaviour, 
both in the courfe of her Life, and at her Death, 
and her extraordinary care in educating her 
Children, and fetting them good Examples, Gfr. 
under the hands of fo many, are fo numerous, 
that for brevity they are here omitted.35 

It was at the Tryal of thefe that one of the 
Accufers cried out publickly of Mr. Willard 
Minifter in Bojion^ as afflidting of her, (he was 
fent out of the Court, and it was told about fhe 
was miftaken in the perfon. 

^ It is much to be regretted that exclude fuch Documents. The Pa- 
he Author found it neceflary to per referred is of fpecial r^et. 


3 8 Matters of F^&. [ 1 04] 

August 5. The Court again fitting, fix more 
were tried on the fame Account, viz. Mr. George 
Burroughs^ fometime minifl:er of Wells^ "John 
ProBer, and Elizabeth ProBer his Wife, with 
John Willard of 5tf/(f/w- Village, George Jacobs 
Senior, of Saleniy and Martha Carryer of An- 
dover ; thefe were all brought in Guilty and 
Condemned ; and were all Executed Auguji 
19, except Prober's Wife, who pleaded Preg- 

Mr. Burroughs was carried in a Cart with the 
others, through the fl:reets of Sakm to Execu- 
tion ; when he was upon the Ladder, he made a 
Speech for the clearing of his Innocency, with 
fuch Solemn and Serious Expreflions, as were to 
the Admiration of all prefent ; his Prayer (which 
he concluded by repeating the Lord's Prayer,) 
was fo well worded, and uttered with fuch com- 
pofednefs, and fuch (at leaft feeming) fervency of 
[ 1 04] Spirit, as was very afFedting, and drew Tears 
from many (fo that it feemed to fome, that the 
Spectators would hinder the Execution) the ac- 
cufers faid the black Man fl:ood and dictated to 
him ; as foon as he was turned off, Mr. Cotton 
Mather, being mounted upon a Horfe, addrefled 
himfelf to the People, partly to declare, that he 
was no ordained Minifter, and partly to poflefs 
the People of his guilt ; faying That the Devil 
has often been transformed into an Angel of 

3« What has been prefcrved of found in Vol. i, and in the Records 
the Trials of thefe Pcrfons, will be before cited. 

[104] Matters of FaEi. 39 

Light ;37 and this did fomewhat appeafe the Peo- 
ple, and the Executions went on ; when he was 
cut down, he was dragged by the Halter to a 
Hole, or Grave, between the Rocks; about two 
foot deep, his Shirt and Breeches being pulled off, 
and an old pair of Troufers of one Executed, put 
on his lower parts, he was fo put in, together 
with Willard and Carryer, one of his Hands and 
his Chin, and a Foot of one of them being left 

John Wtllardy had been imployed to fetch in 
feveral that were accufed ; but taking diffatisfac- 
tion from his being fent, to fetch up fome that he 
had better thoughts of, he declined the Service, 
and prefently after he himfelf was accufed of the 
fame Crime, and that with fuch vehemency, that 
they fent after him to apprehend him ; he had 

'* *' I was prefcnt when thcfc before Stoughton, Hathome, Scw- 

things were teftified againft him, all and Corwin. The following are 

and obferved that he could not the Names of the Men appointed 

make any Plea for himfelf {in tbefe to fcarch him for Teats : Edward 

Things) that had any Weight: He Welch, William Gill, Zeb. HiU, 

had the Liberty of Challenging his Thomas Flint, Thomas Weft, Sam- 

Jurors, before empannelling, ac- uel Morgan and John Bare, as 

cording to the Statue in that Cafe, Printed in the Records^ ii, 1 1 2. 

and ufcd his Liberty in Challenging They reported no ** Tetts " upon 

many ; yet the Jury that were Sworn Mr. Burroughs, 

brought him in Guilty." — Lawfon, Ann Putnam's Teftimony was in- 

Second Edition^ 115. genious, and as damning as any In 

Mr. Burroughs' Trial is fully fernal Spirit could have defircd. 

given in Vo.l i, 152-63, It is not Set Records^ ib. i\y\ 16. Mather 

among the Records, for the Reafon, does not give it, but fays fuch things 

probably, that it had been given to were evidenced ; as that he had 

Mr. Mather to ufc, and was never murdered fundry People. See Rc- 

returned. His Examination was . marksof Mr. Upham, Z/^^/irr^/, 55. 

40 Matters of Fa&. [ 1 04] 

made his Efcape as far as Nafhawag,^^ about 40 
Miles from Salem ; yet 'tis laid thofe Accufers did 
then prefently tell the exadl time, faying, now 
Willard is taken. 

John Procter and his Wife being in Prifon, 
the Sheriff came to his Houfe and feized all the 
Goods, Provifions, and Cattle that he could come 
at, and fold fome of the Cattle at half price, and 
killed others, and put them up for the West- 
Indies ; threw out the Beer out of a Barrel, and 
carried away the Barrel ; emptied a Pot of 
Broath, and took away the Pot, and left nothing 
in the Houfe for the fupport of the Children : 
No part of the faid Goods are known to be re- 
turned. Pro£ler earneftly requefted Mr. Noyes 
to pray with and for him, but it was wholly de- 
nied, becaufe he would not own himfelf to be a 

During his Imprifonment he fent the following 
Letter, in behalf of himfelf and others. 

Salem-Pr^«, July 23, 1692. 

Mr. Mather, Mr. Allen, 

Mr. Moody, Mr. Willard, and 

Mr. Bailey.39 

Reverend Gentlemen. 

THE innocency of our Cafe with the Enmity of 
our Accufers and our Judges^ and Jury^ 
whom nothing but our Innocent Blood willferve their 

^^ A mifprint, probably, for ^n jy^^ Increafe Mather, Mr. 

Najbaway, James Allen of the Old Souths Mr. 


[105] Matters of FaEi. 4 1 

turnsy having Condemned us already before our Try- 
alsy being fo much incenfed and engaged againjl us 
by the Devil, makes us bold to Beg and Implore your 
[105] Favourable AJJiJlance of this our Humble 
Petition to his Excellency , that if it be pojjible our 
Innocent Blood may be f pared, which undoubtedly 
otherwife will be Jhed, if the Lord doth not merci- 
fully Jiep in. The Magijirates, Minijiers, Jewries, 
and all the People in general, being fo much inraged 
and incenfed againjl us by the Delufon of the Devil, 
which we can term no other, by reafon we know in 
our own Confciences, we are all Innocent Perfons. 
Here are five Perfons who have lately confejfed 
themf elves to be Witches, and do accufe fome of us, of 
being along with them at a Sacrament, Jince we were 
committed into clofe Prifon, which we know to be 
Lies. Two of the 5 are (Carrier's Sons) Toung 
men, who would not confefs any thing till they tyed 
them Neck and Heels, till the Blood was ready to 
come out of their Nofes, and 'tis credibly believed 
and reported this was the occafion of making them 
confefs that they never did, by reafon they faid one 
had been a Witch a Month, and another five Weeks, 
and that their Mother had made them fo, who has 
been confined here this nine Weeks. Myfon William 
Pro6ter, when he was examined, becauje he would 
not confefs that he was Guilty, when he was Inno- 
cent, they tyed him Neck and Heels till the Blood 

JoQiua Moody, Mr. Samuel Wil- John Bailey of the Firft Church, 
lard of the Old South, and Mr. Bofton. 


42 Matters of FaSi. [}^S] 

gujhed out at his Nofe, and would have kept himfo 
24 HourSj if one more Merciful than the reji, had 
not taken pity on him, and caufed him to be unbound. 
Thefe aBions are very like the Popijh Cruelties.^^ 
They have already undone us in our Ejiates, and that 
will not ferve their turns, without our Innocent 
Bloods. If it cannot be granted that we can have 
our Trials at Bofton, we humbly beg that you would 
evdeavour to have thefe Magijirates changed, and 
others in their rooms, begging alfo and befeeching 
you would be pleafed to be here, if not all,fome of 
you at our Trials, hoping thereby you may be the 
means of faving the Jhedding our Innocent Bloods, 
defring your Prayers to the Lord in our behalf, we 
rejl your Poor AffliBed Servants, 

John Prodter, Gfr. 

He pleaded very hard at Execution, for a little 
refpite of time, faying that he was not fit to die ; 
but it was not granted. 

Old Jacobs being Condemned, the Sheriff and 
Officers came and feized all he had, his Wife had 
her Wedding Ring taken from her, but with 
great difficulty obtained it again. She was forced 
to buy Provifions of the Sheriff, fuch as he had 
taken, towards her own fupport, which not be- 
ing fufficient, the Neighbours of Charity relieved 

•*•' My friend Savage calls this an It would fcem that the Officials of 
"Infernal Bufinefs." I hope he will that Day muft have taken leflbns of 
never get further out of the Way. Roman Inquifitors. 

[ 1 06] Matters of FaEi. 43 

Margaret Jacobs being one that had confefled 
her own Guilt, and teftified againft her Grand- 
Father Jacobs, Mr. Burroughs, and John Wil- 
lard. She the day before Executions, came to 
Mr. Burroughs, acknowledging that flie had be- 
lyed them, and begged Mr. Burroughs Forgive- 
nefs, who not only forgave her, but alfo Prayed 
with and for her. She wrote the following Let- 
ter to her Father. 

From the Dungeon in ^alern Prifon, 

Auguji 20, 1692. 

Honoured Father, 

AFTER my Humble Duty Remembered to you, 
hoping in the Lord of your good Health, as 
Blejfed be God I enjoy, tho in abundance of Affiidlion, 
being clofe confined here in a loathfome Dungeon^ the 
Lord look down in mercy upon me, not knowing how 
foon I fhall be put to Death, by means of the AffliBed 
Perfons ; my Grand- Father having Suffered already, 
and all his Efiate Seized for the King. The reafon 
of my Confinen:e72t is this, I having, through the 
Magifirates Threatnings, and my own Vtle and 
Wretched [ 1 06] heart, confeffed fever al things con- 
trary to my Confidence and Knowledge, tho to the 
Wounding ofi my own Soul, the Lord pardon me 
fior it ; but Oh ! the terrors ofi a wounded Confidence 
who can bear. But bleffed be the Lord, he would 
not let me go on in my Sins, but in mercy I hopefio my 
Soul would not fiuffer me to keep it in any longer, but 
I was fiorced to confiefis the truth ofi all before the 

Matters of FaSl. 


Magijiratesy who would not believe me, but 'tis their 
pleafure to put me in here, and God knows how foon 
I shall be put to death. Dear Fathers, let me beg 
your Prayers to the Lord on my behalf y and fend us 
a "Joyful and Happy Meeting in Heaven. My Mou- 
ther poor Woman is very Crazy , and remembers her 
kind Love to you, and to Uncle, viz. D. A.^^ So 
leaving you to the prote&ion of the Lord, I reji 
your Dutiful Daughter, 

Margaret Jacobs. 

At the time appointed for her Tryal, (he had an 
Impofthume in her head, which was her Efcape. 

September 9. Six more were tried, and received 
Sentance of Death, viz. Martha Cory of Salem- 
Village, Mary Eajiy of Topsfield,-^//V^ Parker and 
Ann Pudeater of Salem, Dorcas Hoar of Beverly, 
and Mary Bradberry of Salijhury. September 16, 
Giles Cory was preft to Death ."^^ 

September 17. Nine more received Sentance of 
Death, viz. Margaret Scot of Rowley, Goodwife 

^^ Daniel Andrew of Salem, as 
I conjcdurc. 

^•-2 Nineteen Years after ihefe Ex- 
ecutions, the General Court of the 
Province pafled an A61 declaring 
null and void all the Attainders and 
Judgments againft thofc who had 
fufFered for Witchcraft. This A61 
was pafled '* upon the Humble Pe- 
tition of the faid Perfons and of the 
Children of others of them whofe 
Parents were Executed." The Ge- 
neral Aflembly alfo appointed a Com- 

mittee '* 10 confider of y® Damages 
fuftained by fundry Perfons profe- 
cuted for Witchcraft in y« Year 
1692." The Committee computed 
the Damage to thofe above named 
as follows : Mr. and Mrs. Cory 
£2 1 ; Mary Eafty £20 ; Alice Par- 
ker got nothing, but Mary Parker 
got i£8 ; Nothing appears for Ann 
Pudeater; Dorcas Hoar £21 ; Ma- 
ry Bradberry £20; fome that fuf- 
fered had no Reprefentative to re- 
ceive the Award. 

[ 1 06] Matters of FaB. 45 

Redd of Marbleheady Samuel Wardwell^ and Mary 
Parker of Andover, alfo Abigail Falkner of An- 
dover, who pleaded Pregnancy, Rebecca Eames of 
Boxfordj Mary Lacy, and Ann Fojier of Andover^ 
and Abigail Hobbs of Topsfield. Of thefe Eight 
were Executed, September 22, viz. Martha Cory, 
Mary Eajiy, Alice Parker, Ann Pudeater, Margaret 
Scot, Willmet Redd, Samuel JVardwell, and Mary 

Giles Cory pleaded not Guilty to his Indictment, 
but would not put himfelf upon Tryal by the 
Jury (they having cleared none upon Tryal) and 
knowing there would be the fame WitnefTes 
againft him,' rather chofe to undergo what Death 
they would put him to. In prefling his Tongue 
being preft out of his Mouth, the Sheriff with 
his Cane forced it in again, when he was dying. 
He was the firft in New-England that was ever 
preft to Death. 

The Cart going to the Hill with thefe Eight 
to Execution, was for fome time at a fett ; the 
afflicted and others faid, that the Devil hindered 
it,44 &c. 

Martha Cory, Wife to Giles Cory, protefting her 
Innocency, concluded her Life with an Eminent 
Prayer upon the Ladder. 

^^ Allowances were made to the or more generally Gallows Hill ; 

moft of thofe or their Children, as whence is had a fine view of the City 

may be fcen in the Records before of Salem. Some Account of this 

cited. noted Hill might reafonably be ex- 

44 "The Hill" has ever fince peftcd in a Hiftory of Salem. The 

been pointed out as Witch Hill, Mitute fhould look to the Matter. 

4-6 Matters of FaSi. [^o?] 

JVardwell having formerly confeffed himfelf 
Guilty, and after denied it, was foon brought 
upon his Tryal ; his former Confeflian and Spec- 
tre Teftimony was all that appeared again ft him. 
At Execution while he was fpeaking to the Peo- 
ple, protefting his Innocency, the Executioner 
being at the fame time fmoaking Tobacco, the 
fmoak coming in his Face, interrupted his Dif- 
courfe, thofe Accufers faid, the Devil hindered 
him with fmoak. 

[ 1 07J Mary Eajly^ Sifter alfo to Rebecca Nurfe, 
when me took her laft farewell of her Huft)and, 
Children and Friends, was, as is reported by them 
prefent, as Serious, Religious, Diftindt, and Affec- 
tionate as could well be expreft, drawing Tears 
from the Eyes of almoft all prefent. It feems be- 
fides the Teftimony of the Accufers and Confeflbrs, 
another proofs as it was counted, appeared againft 
her, it having been ufual to fearch the Accufed 
for Tets ; upon fome parts of her Body, not here 
to be named, was found an Excrefcence, which 
they called a Tet. Before her Death (he put 
up the following Petition : 

To the Honorable Judge and Bench now Jitting 
in Judicature in Salem and the Reverend Minijiers, 
humbly Jheweth, That whereas your humble poor 
Petitioner being Condemned to die^ doth humbly beg 
of you^ to take it into your Judicious and Pious 
Conjtderationy that your poor and humble Petitioner 
knowing my own Innocency {blejfed be the Lord for 
it) and feeing plainly the Wiles and Subtilty of my 

[107] Matters of FaSi. 47 

AccuferSy by tnyfelfy cannot but judge charitably 
of othersy that are going the fame way with 
niyfelf if the Lord Jiep not mightily in. I was 
confined a whole Month on the fame account that 
I am now condemned for, an then cleared by 
the AffiiSied perfons, as fome of your Honour 
know, and in two days time I was cried out upon by 
them, and have been confined and now am condemned 
to die. The Lord above knows my Innocency then, 
and like wife doth now, as at the great day will be 
known to Men and Angels. I Petition to your Ho- 
nours not for my own Life, for I know I mufi die, 
and my appointed time isfet ; but the Lord he knows 
it is, if it be pojjible, that no more Innocent Blood be 
jhed, which undoubtedly cannot be avoided in the way 
and courfe you go in. I quefiion not, but your Ho- 
nours do the utmofi of your powers, in the difcovery 
and detedtion of Witchcraft and Witches, and would 
not be guilty of Innocent Blood for the World ; but 
by my own Innocency I know you are in the wrong 
way, the Lord in his infinite Mercy dire£l you in 
this great work, if it be his blejfed will, that Inno- 
cent Blood be not Jhed; I would humbly beg of you, 
that your Honours would be pleafed to Examine 
fome of thofe confejftng Witches, I being confident 
there are fever al of them have belyed themfelves 
and others, as will appear, if not in this World, I 
am fur e in the World to co?ne, whither I am going; 
and I quefiion not, but yourf elves will fee an altera- 
tion in thefe things : They fay, my f elf and others 
have ?nade a league with the Devih 'we cannot con- 

48 Matters of FaEi. [io8] 

fefsy I know and the Lord he knows {as will Jhortly 
appear) they belye me, andfo I quejiion not but they 
do others; the Lord alone ^ who is the fe archer of all 
hearts y knows that as I Jhall anfwer it at the 7r/- 
bunal Seat J that I know not the leaji thing of Witch- 
crafty therefore I cannot ^ I durji not belye my own 
Soul. I beg your Honours not to deny this my hum- 
ble Petition J from a poor dying Innocent perf on j and 
I quejiion not but the Lord will give a blejjing to 
your Endeavours. Mary Efly. 

[io8] After Execution Mr. Noyes turning him 
to the Bodies, faid, what a fad thing it is to fee 
Eight Firebrands of Hell hanging there.-^s 

In OSlober 1692, One of Wenham complained 
of Mrs. Haky whofe Huflband, the Minifter of 
Beverly y had been very forward in thefe Profecu- 
tions, but being fully fatisfied of his Wifes fincere 
Chriftianity, caufed him to alter his Judgment; 
for it was come to a ftated Controverfie, among 
the New-England Divines, whether the Devil 
could Afflidl in a good Mans fhape; it feems 
nothing elfe could convince him : yet when it 
came fo near to himfelf, he was foon convinced 
that the Devil might fo Afflidl. Which fame 
reafon did afterwards prevail with many others ; 
and much influenced to the fucceeding change at 

•^^ Surely Cotton Mather never againft fcfme of the Accufed; but I 

uttered anything more inhuman, do not find that when his own 

Mr. Noyes has already been noticed. Wife was accufed any Record was 

'^'^ Mr. John Hale had teftified made of it. 

[io8] Matters of FaEi. 49 

OBober 7. [Edward Bijhop and his Wife having 
made their Efcape out of Prifon) this day Mr. 
Corwin the Sheriff, came and Seiz'd his Goods, 
and Cattle, and had it not been for his fecond 
Son (who borrowed Ten Pound and gave it him) 
they had been wholly loft, the Receipt follows ; 
but it feems they muft be content with fuch a 
Receipt as he would give them. 

Received this jth day of Odlober 1692, ^Sam- 
uel Biftiop of the Town ^ Salem, of the County of 
Eflex, in New- England, Cordwainer, infullfatis- 
fadiionj a valuable Sum of Money ^ for the Goods 
and Chattels ^Edward Bifhop, Senior ^ of the Town 
and County aforefaid^ Hujbandman ; which Goods 
and Chattels being feizedy for that the f aid Edward 
Biftiop, and Sarah his Wife^ having been committed 
for Witchcraft and Felony ^ have made their Efcape ; 
and their Goods and Chattels were forfeited unto 
their Magejiies^ and now being in Pojfejfion of the 
faid Samuel Biftiop ; and in behalf of their Majef- 
tieSy I do hereby dif charge the faid Goods and Chat- 
ties the day and year above written^ as witnefs my 

George Corwin, Sheriff. 

But before this the faid Bijhops Eldeft Son, 
having Married into that Family of the Putmans, 
who were chief Profecutors in this bufinefs ; he 
holding a Cow to be branded left it ftiould be 
feiz'd, and having a Pufti or Boyl upon his Thigh, 
with his ftraining it broke ; this is that that was 

50 Matters of FaEi. [109] 

pretended to be burnt with the faid Brand ; and is 
one of the bones thrown to the Dogmatical to 
pick, in Wonders of the Invifible Worlds P. 143. 
the other, of a Corner of a Sheet, pretended to 
be taken from a Spedlre, it is known that it was 
provided the day before, by that Afflidled perfon, 
and the third bone of a Spindle is almoft as eafily 
provided, as the piece of tne Knife ; fo that Apollo 
needs not herein be confulted, &c. 

Mr. Philip Englijh^'^'' and his Wife having made 
their Efcape out of Prifon, Mr. Corwin the SheriflF 
feiz'd his Eftate, to the value of about Fifteen 
Hundred Pound, which was wholly loft to him, 
except about Three Hundred Pound value, (which 
was afterward reftored.) 

[109] After Goodwife Hoar was Condemned, 
her Eftate was feiz'd, and was alfo bought again 
for Eight Pound. 

George "Jacobs^ Son to old 'Jacobs being ac- 
cufed, he fled, then the Officers came to his 
Houfe, his Wife was a Woman Crazy in her 
Senfes and had been fo feveral Years. She it 
feems had been alfo accufed, there were in the 
Houfe with her only four fmall Children, and 
one of them fuck'd her Eldeft Daughter, being 
in Prifon ; the Officer perfwaded her out of the 
Houfe, to go along with him, telling her flie 
ftiould fpeedily return, the Children ran a great 
way after her crying. 

When {he came where the Afflidled were, being 

^ ' The Cafe of Mr. Englifh has been before referred to. Sec Note 1 7. 

[ioq] Matters of FaEi . 51 

afked, they faid they did not know her, at length 
one faid, don't you know "Jacobs the old Witch, 
and then they cry'd out of her, and fell down in 
their Fits ; fhe was fent to Prifon, and lay there 
Ten Months, the Neighbours of pity took care 
of the Children to preferve them from perifliing. 

About this time a New Scene was begun, one 
Jofeph Ballard"^^ of Andover^ whofe Wife was ill 
(and after died of a Fever) fent to Salem for fome 
of thofe Accufers, to tell him who afflidled his 
Wife ; others did the like : Horfe and Man were 
fent from feveral places to fetch thofe Accufers 
who had the Spedlral fight, that they might 
thereby tell who afflidled thofe that were any 
ways ill. 

When thefe came into any place where fuch 
were, ufually they fell into a Fit ; after which 
being afked who it was that afflidled the perfon, 
they would, for the moft part, name one whom 
they faid fat on the head, and another that fat on 
the lower parts of the afflicted. Soon after Bal- 
lard's fending (as above) more than Fifty of the 
People of Andover were complained of, for af- 
flifting their Neighbours. Here it was that many 
accufed themfelves, of Riding upon Poles through 
the Air ; many Parents believing their Children 
to be Witches, and many Hufbands their Wives, 
&c. When thefe Accufers came to the Houfe of 

^^ Ballard's Tellimony againft Ballard gave his Age as about 41 
Samuel Wardwell may be feen in Years, and mentions his Brother 
the Records 0/ S, W., ii, 152. John. See onward. 

5 2 Matters of FaEi. [ * 09] 

any upon fuch account, it was ordinary for other 
young People to be taken in Fits, and to have 
the fame Spedlral fight/9 

Mr. Dudley Bradjireet^^'' a Juftice of Peace in 
Andover^ having granted out Warrants againft, 
and Committed Thirty or Forty to Prifons, for 
the fuppofed Witchcrafts, at length faw caufe to 
forbear granting out any more Warrants. Soon 
after which he and his Wife were cried out of, 
himfelf was (by them) faid to have killed Nine 
perfons by Witchcraft, and found it his fafeft 
courfe to make his Efcape. 

A Dog being afflided at 5^/^/?^- Village, thofe 
that had the Spedral fight being fent for, they 
accufed Mr. John Bradjireet (Brother to the Juf- 

^® This was not the Firft of the fore it came, he anfwered, It came 

Troubles by fuppofed Witchcraft at to fuck your Wife. This was (as 

Andover, as appears by the follow- they remember) about 5 or 6 Yearcs 

ing Record, the Original of which fince. — Taken vpon Oath of the 4 

is in the Editor's Colledlion : "The above menconed Plies, this 27. 4. 

Depolition of Job Tylar, aged about 59. Before mee 
40 Yeares, Mary his Wife and ** Simon Bradstreete. 

Mofes TyV his Son aged betwixt ** Ouned in Court M^h^ 65, by 

1 7 and 1 8 Years, and Mary Tyler Job Tylar and Mofes Tylar. 
aboue 15 Yeares olde.— Thefe De- "E R. S«c 

ponents witnefle that they faw a "Owned in Court 13 March, 

thing like a Bird to come in at the 65, by Mary Tyler on hir former 

Dore of there Houfe with John Oath. E. R. S«c»' 

Godfery in the Night about the big- The Above is in the Autograph 

nes of a Black Bird or rather bigger, of Gov. Bradftreet and Edward 

to wit, as big as a Pigion, and did fly Rawfon. 

about; John Godfer)' labouring to ^^ Son of Governor Simon Brad- 
catch it, and the Bird vaniflied, as llreet. In 1 698, when the Indians 
they conceived, throi^h the Chinck attacked Andover, Bradllreet and 
of a joynted Bord; and being afked his Family were captured; but they 
by the Man of the Houfc where- were fet at Liberty the fame Day. 

[no] Matters of FaSi. 5 3 

tice) that he afflided the faid Dog, and now rid 
upon him : He made his Efcape into Pefcattequa- 
Government, and the Dog was put to death, and 
was all of the Afflicted that fufFered death. 

[no] At Andover^ the Afflicted complained of 
a Dog, as afflidling of them, and would fall into 
their Fits at the Dogs looking upon them ; the 
Dog was put to death. 

A worthy Gentleman of Bojion^^^ being about 
this time accufed by thofe at Andover^ he fent by 
fome particular Friends a Writ to Arreft thofe 
Accufers in a Thoufand Pound Aftion for Defa- 
mation, with inftrudlions to them, to inform 
themfelves of the certainty of the proof, in doing 
which their bufinels was perceived, and from 
thence forward the Accufations at Andover gene- 
rally ceafed. 

In October fome of thefe Accufers were fent 
for to Gloucejier^ and occafioned four Women to 
be fent to Prifon, but Salem Prifon being fo full 
it could receive no more ; two were fent to Ipf- 
wich Prifon.5* In November they were fent for 
again by Lieutenant Stephens^ who was told that 
a Sifter of his was bewitched ; in their way pafT- 
ing over Ipfwich-hriAg^j they met with an old 
Woman, and inftantly fell into their Fits : But by 

^' I am unable to afccrtain the and Mary Green were probably the 
Name of the ** worthy Gentleman." two Pcrfons. The Latter feeras to 
He was doubtlefs one of thofe, like have made her Efcape by the Af- 
Mr. Calef, not afraid *' to take the fiftance of John Shepard of Row- 
Bull by the Horns." ley. See Felt, Hiftory of Ipfwicb 

5"* Sarah, the Wife of Peter Cloyce /ind Hamilton, 207. 

54 Matters of Fa&. [ ^ ^ o] 

this time the validity of fuch Accufations being 
much queftioned, they found not that Encourage- 
ment they had done elfewhere, and foon with- 
drew. \ 

Thefe Accufers fwore that they faw three per-/ 
fons fitting upon Lieutenant Stephens's Sifter till 
{he died ; yet Bond was accepted for thofe Three. 

And now Nineteen perfons having been hang'd, 
and one preft to death, and Eight more con- 
demned, in all Twenty and eight, of which above 
a third part were Members of fome of the 
Churches in JV. England, and more than half of 
them of a good Converfation in general, and not 
one clear'd. About Fifty having confeft them- 
felves to be Witches, of which not one Executed ; 
above an Hundred and Fifty in Prifon, and above 
Two Hundred more accufed. The Special Com- 
miflion of Oyer and Terminer comes to a period, 
which has no other foundation than the Govern- 
ours Commiflion, and had proceeded in the man- 
ner of fwearing Witnefles, viz. By holding up 
the hand, (and by receiving Evidences in writing) 
according to the Ancient Ufuge of this Countrey ; 
as alfo having their Indiftments in Englijh. In 
the Tryals, when any were Indidted for Affliding, 
Pining, and wafting the Bodies of particular 
perfons by Witchcraft ; it was ufual to hear Evi- 
dence of matter foreign, and of perhaps Twenty 
or Thirty years ftanding, about over-fetting Carts, 
the death of Cattle, unkindnefe to Relations, or 
unexpected Accidents befalling after fome quar- 

[hi] Matters of Fa&. 5 5 

reL53 Whether this was admitted by the Law of 
England^ or by what other Law, wants to be 
determined; the Executions feemed mixt, in 
preffing to death for not pleading, which moft 
agrees with the Laws of England^ and Sentencing 
Women to be hanged for Witchcraft, according 
to the former practice of this Country, and not 
by burning, as is laid to have been the Law of 
England. And though the confeffing Witches 
were many ; yet not one of them that confefled 
their own guilt, and abode by their Confeffion 
were put to Death. 

[ill] Here foUoweth what account fome of 
thofe miferable Creatures give of their Confeffion 
under their own hands. 

We whofe Names are under written^ Inhabitants 

^Andover, when as that horrible and tremendous 

Judgment beginning at ^zXcm-Villagey in the Tear 

1692, [by fome) caWd Witchcraft^ firjl breaking 

forth at Mr. Parris's Houfe^ fever al Toung perfons 

being feemingly affiiBed^ aid accufe fever al perfons 

for affliBing fhem^ and many there believing it fo to 

be; we being informed that if a per f on were fck^ 

that the afflttied perfons could tell^ what or who was 

the caufe of thatfcknefs. Jofeph Ballard of Kn- 

dover [his Wife being Jick at the fame time) he 

either from himfelf or by the advice of other s^ 

fetched two of the perfons calFd the offliBed perfons^ 

from Szlcm-Fillage to Andover : Which was the 

^3 Sec the Evidence againft Su- Sec, alfo. Woodward's Ru, 0/ Sa- 
fanna Martin, i. Pages 177, ff/eq. lem Witchcraft ^\^ 193-206, ii, 215. 

56 Matters of FaSi. [^ ^ i] 

beginning of that dreadful Calamity that befel us in 
Andover. And the Authority in Andover, be- 
lieving the faid Accufations to be true^fent for the 
faid perfons to come together to the Meeting-houfe in 
Andover {the affliSied perfons being there.) After 
Mr. Bernards^ had been at Prayer^ we were blind-- 
folded^ and our hands were laid upon the affliBed 
perfons^ they being in their Fits^ and falling into 
their Fits at our coming into their prefence [as they 
faid) andfome led us and laid our hands upon them^ 
and then they faid they were we 11^ and that we were 
guilty of offliBing of them ; whereupon we were all 
feized as Prifoners^ by a Warrant from the "Jujlice 
of the Peace ^ and forthwith carried to Salem. | And 
by reafon of that fuddain furprizalj we knowing 
ourf elves altogether Innocent of that Crime j we were 
all exceedingly ajionijhed and amaze d^ and confer nated 
and affrighted even out of our Reafon ; and our 
nearejl and dear ejl Relations j feeing us in that dread-- 
ful condition^ and knowing our great danger ^ appre- 
hending that there was no other way to fave our 
lives ^ as the cafe was then circumjlantiated but by 
our confejjing ourf elves to befuch andfuch perfons^ 
as the affliSted reprefented us to be^ they out of tender 
love and pitty perfwaded us to confefs what we did 
confefs. And indeed that Confejion^ that it is faid 
we made^ was no other than what was fuggejied to 
us hyfome Gentlemen; they telling us^ that we were 
Witches^ and they knew itj and we knew it, and 

^^ Mr. John Barnard, who is in the Amer. Biog, DiSlionary, He 
duly commemorated by Dr. Allen was Author of feveral Works. 

[i 1 2] Matters of FaB. 57 

they knew that we knew /V, which made us think 
that it was fo ; and our under Jlanding^ our reafon^ 
and our faculties almoji gone ; we were not capable 
of judging our condition ; as alfo the hard meafures 
they ufed with us^ rendred us uncapable of making 
our Defence ; but faid any thing and every thing 
which they dejired^ and moji of what we faid, was 
but in effeSl a confenting to what they faid. Some- 
time after when we were better compofedy they telling 
of us what we had confejfed, we did prof efs that we 
were Innocent ^ and Ignorant of fuch things. And 
we hearing that Samuel Wardwell had renounced 
his Confejfio7iy and quickly after Condemned and 
Executedy fome of us were told that we were going 
after Wardwell. 

Mary Ofgood, Mary Tiler, Deliv, Dane, Abi- 
gail Barker, Sarah Wilfon, Hannah Tiler. 5 5 

[112] It may here be further added concerning 
thofe that did Confefs, that befides that powerful 
Argument, of Life (and freedom from hardfhips, 
and Irons not only promifed, but alfo performed 
to all that owned their guilt.) There are numer- 
ous Inftances, too many to be here inferted, of 
the tedious Examinations before private perfons, 
many hours together ; they all that time urging 
them to • Confefs (and taking turns to perfwade 
them) till the accufed were wearied out by being 

^^ Slight Notices of the Families may be fccn in Abbot's Hiftory of 
to which ihefe Perfons belonged Andover. 


58 Matters of FaB. [112] 

forced to ftand fo long, or for want of Sleep, &c. 
and fo brought to give an AfTent to what they 
faid ; they then afking them, Were you at fuch a 
Witch-meeting, or have you figned the Devil's 
Book, &c. upon their replying, yes, the whole 
was drawn into form as their Confeflion. 

But that which did mightily further fuch Con- 
feflions, was their neareft and deareft Relations 
urging them to it, Thefe feeing no other way of 
efcape for them, thought it the beft advice that 
could be given; hence it was that the Hufbands 
of fome, by counfel often urging, and utmoft ear- 
neftnefs, and Children upon their Knees intreat- 
ing, have at length prevailed with them, to fay 
thej were guilty. 

AS to the manner of Tryals, and the Evidence 
taken for Convidlions at SaletHy it is already 
fet forth in Print, by the Reverend Mr. Cotton 
Mather in his Wonders of the Invifible Worlds at 
the Command of his Excellency Sir William 
Phips ;5^ with not only the Recommendation, but 
thanks of the Lieutenant Governour ; and with 
the Approbation of the Reverend Mr. J. M. in 
his Poftfcript to his Cafes of Confcience ; which 
laft Book was fet forth by the confent of the 
Minifters in and near BoJlonJ'^ 

^^ It is a Wonder that Mr. Ca- Originals were not acceflible to him, 

Icf did not tell his Readers how having been put into the Hands of 

fhockingly Mr. Mather reported ^Mr. Mather, 

thofe Trials; and it is accounted ^' Their Names were not printed 

for only by prcfuming that the according lo the original MS. in the 

[113] Mather's Preface to the Try ah . 59 

Two of the Judges have alfo given their Sen- 
timents in thefe words, />. 147. 

TAe Reverend and worthy Author^ having at the 
direBion of his Excellency the Governour, fo far 
obliged the Pub lie ky as to give fome account of the 
fufferingSy brought upon the Countrey by WitchcraftSj 
and of the Tryals which have pajfed upon feveral 
executed for the fame. 

Upon perufal thereof We find the matters of FaB 
and Evidence truly reported, and a profpeB given of 
the Methods of ConviBion, ufed in the proceedings of 
the Court at Salem. 

William Stouehton, 
Samuel SewalT. 

Bofton, Odlober 11, 1692. 

And confidering that this may fall into the 
hands of fuch as never faw thofe Wonders, it may 
be needful to tranfcribe the whole account he has 
given thereof, without any variation (but with 
one of the Indidlmei^ts annext to the Tryal of 
each) which is thus prefaced, P. 81, 82, 83. 

[113] BUT I fhall no longer detain my Reader 
from his expedled entertainment, in a brief ac- 
count of the Tryals, which have paffed upon 
fome of the Malefadlors, lately Executed at Sa- 
lem, for the Witchcrafts whereof they ftood 

Cafes of Confcience, Thty are cov- marks, in his Edition of Mather's 
redtly printed from that MS., how- Relation^ xxii. The Order of Sub- 
ever, by the Editor, with fome Re- -^cription is entirely changed. 

6o Mather's Preface to the "Try ah. [113] 

convidted. For my own part I was not prefent 
at any- of them ; nor ever had I any perfonal 
prejudice at the perfons thus brought upon 
the Stage ; much lefs, at the furviving Relations 
of thofe perfons, with and for whom, I would be 
as hearty a mourner, as any Man living in the 
World : T'he Lord comfort them ! But having re- 
ceived a command fo to do, I can do no other 
than fhortly relate the chief Matters of Fadt, 
which occurred in the Tryals of fome that were 
Executed ; in an Abridgment colledled out of the 
Court- Papers, on this occafion put into my hands. 
You are to take the truth, juft as it was ; and the 
truth will hurt no good Man. There might 
have been more of thefe, if my Book would not 
thereby have been fwelled too big ; and if fome 
other Worthy hands did not perhaps intend fome- 
thing further in thefe Colledlions; for which 
caufe I have only fingled out four or five, which 
may ferve to Illuftrate the way of dealing, wherein 
Witchcrafts ufe to be concerned ; and I report 
matters not as an Advocate, but as anHiftorian. 

They were fome of the Gracious words in- 
ferted in the Advice, which many of the Neigh- 
bouring Minifters did this Summer humbly lay 
before our Honourable Judges, We cannot but 
with all thankfulnefs, acknowledge the fuccefs, 
which the merciful God has given unto the 
Sedulous and Afliduous Endeavours of our Hon- 
orable Rulers, to detedl the Abominable Witch- 
crafts, which have been committed in the Coun- 

[114] George Burrough's Tryal. 61 

try ; Humbly praying that the difcovery of thofe 
Myfterious, and Mifchievous wickednefles, may 
be perfedled. If in the midft of the many Diflatif- 
fadtions among us, the publication of thefe Try- 
als, may promote fuch a Pious thankfulnefs unto 
God, for Juftice being fo far executed among us, 
I (hall rejoice that God is glorified ; and pray that 
no wrong fteps of ours may ever fully any of his 
glorious works. 

T^he IndiBment of George Burroughs.5^ 

Eflcx (T. Jnno Regni Regis ^ Regina WiiJiemi & Maria ^ nunc 

. Angliity Jffr. quarto. — 

THE Jurors for our Sovereign Lord and Lady 
the King and Queen prefent. That George 
Burroughs y late of Falmouth, in the Province of 
the Majfachufetts-Bay, in New-England, Clerk. 

The 9th Day of May, in the fourth Year of the 
Reign of our Sovereign Lord and Lady William 
and Mary, by the Grace of God, of England, 
Scotland, France and Ireland, King and Queen 
Defenders of the [114] Faith, &c. And divers 
other days and times, as well before as after, 
certain deteftable Arts, called Witchcrafts, and 
Sorceries, Wickedly and Felonioufly hath ufed, 
pradlifed, and exercifed, at and within the Town- 
ftiip of Salem, in the County of EJfex aforefaid, 

5^ As this Indidlment does not ap- remarked of other fimilar Docu- 
pear to be among the Records, its ments before noticed ; being taken 
abfencc is accounted for as has been from the Files and never returned. 

62 George Burrough's Tryal. [i i+] 

in upon, and againft one Mary Wolcott of Salem- 
Village, in the County of BJfex^ Single-woman, 
by which faid wicked Arts the faid Mary JVol- 
cotty the Ninth Day of May^ in the fourth Year 
abovefaid, and divers other days and times, as 
well before as after, was and is Tortured, Af- 
flidled. Pined, Confumed, Wafted and Tormented, 
againft the Peace of our Sovereign Lord and 
Lady, the King and Queen, and againft the 
Form of the Statute in that Cafe made and pro- 

Witnefles, Mary Wolcott^ Sarah Vibber^^"^ Mercy 
Lewis, Ann Putnam^ Eliz. Hubbard. 

Endorfed by the Grand Jury, Billa Vera. 

There was alfo a fecond Indidlment for afflidl- 
ing Elizabeth Hub bar d, the Witnefles to the faid 
Indidlment were Elizabeth Hubbard, Mary Wol~ 
cotty and Ann Putnam. 

The third Indidlment was for afflidting Mercy 
Lewis: the Witnefl^es, the faid Mercy Lewis, 
Mary Wolcott, Elizabeth Hubbard, and Ann Put- 

The fourth for adls of Witchcraft on Ann Put- 
nam, the Witnefl'es, the faid Ann Putnam, Mary 
Wolcott, Elizabeth Hubbard, and Mary Warren.^ 

^•' This Name as has been men- ''•^ Of ihcfc abandoned Witncf- 
lioncd already, is doubtlcfs Bibber, fes, we have already had fufficient. 

[114] George Burrough's Tryal. 63 

The Tryal of G. B. as Printed in Wonders of the 
Invifible World, ^r^w P. 94 to 104. 

GLAD fliould I have been, if I had never 
known the name of this Man ; or never 
had this occafion to mention fo much as the firft 
Letters of his name. But the Government re- 
quiring fome Account of his trial, to be inferted 
in this Book, it becomes me with all obedience 
to fubmit unto the Order. 

I. This G. B. was Indidled for Witchcrafts; 
and in the Profecution of the Charge againft 
him, he was Accufed by five or fix of the Be- 
witched, as the Author of their Miferies ; he was 
accufed by Eight of the confeflSng Witches, as 
being an head Adlor at fome of their Hellifli 
Randezvouzes, and who had the promife of being 
a King in Satan's Kingdom, now going to be 
eredled ; he was accufed by Nine perfons, for 
extraordinary lifting, and fuch feats of ftrength 
as could not be done without a Diabolical Aflift- 
ance. And for other fuch things he was accufed, 
until about Thirty Teftimonies^' were brought 

^' About twenty appear in the wee ware in difcourfc aboutc the 

Records, which fee. Vol. II, Pages fame and he then told mce yt he 

109, ef/c^, Rcfpefting Mr. Bur- had put his fingers into the Bung of 

rough's great Strength Samuel Web- a Barrcll of Malafcs and lifted it 

bcr, aged about 36, fwore, that vp and carryed it round him." Sa- 

" aboute ccaucn or eight Yeares lem, Augt. 2d, 1692. 
agoe I liued at Calco Bay, and Ann Putnam fwore, that on the 

George Burroughs was then Min- zoih of April, 1692, fhe faw ihe 

cfter there, and haueing heard much Apperiptiori of Mr. Burroughs who 

of the great Strength of him fd. tortured her in a terrible Manner; 

Burroughs; he coming to our Houfe told her he had had three Wives, 

64 George Burrough's Tryal. [115] 

in againft him ; nor were thefe judg'd the half 
of what might have been confider'd for his Con- 
vidlion : however they were enough to fix the 
Charadler of a Witch upon him, according to the 
Rules of Reafoning, by the judicious Gaule^ in 
that cafe diredled. 

[115] The Court being fenfible, that theTefti- 
monies of the Parties Bewitched, ufe to have a 
Room among the Sufpicions, or Prefumptions, 
brought in againft one Indidled for Witchcraft, 
there were now heard the Teftimonies of feveraf 
Perfons who were moft notorioufly bewitched, 
and every day tortured by Invifible hands, and 
thefe now all charged the Spedlres of G. B. to 

and had bewitched two of ihem to 
death; had killed Miftrcfs Lawfon 
bccaufc (he was fo unwilling to go 
from the Village; had killed Mr. 
Lawfon's Children becaufe he went 
to the Eaftward with Sir Edmond 
[Andros] and preached fo to the 
Soldiers; had bewitched a great 
many Soldiers to death when Sir 
Edmon was there, &c. At another 
time (he fwore that ihc two Wives 
of Mr. Burroughs appeared to her 
in their Winding-fheets, and told 
her how they were murdered. Alfo 
Mrs. Lawfon and her Daughter 
Ann appeared in the fame Manner; 
alfo another Woman who told her 
fhc was Goodman Fuller's firft 
Wife, and that Mr. Burrough*; killed 
her, becaufe of a Difference be- 
tween her Hufband and him. 

Simon Willard, aged about 42 
Years, was at the Houfe of Mr. 

Robert Lawrence, of Cafco Bay, in 
Sept., 1689; faw Mr. Burroughs 
fhow where he took hold of the 
Gun of about feven foot Barrel, 
which was behind the Lock; and 
Mr. B. faid he held it out with one 
Hand by fo taking it, but the De- 
ponent did not fee him do it. Wil- 
lard commanded the Fort at Cafco. 
Thomas Grecnflett, aged about 40 
Years, faid he was at Capt. Jofhua 
Scoitow's at Black Point, about the 
breaking out of the late Indian 
War, where he faw Mr. B. lift a 
Gun of fix foot Barrel or there- 
about, by putting the Forefinger of 
his right Hand into the Muzzle; 
holding it out at Arm's Length. 
Lieut. Richard Hunncwell and John 
Greinjlett being prefent. The above 
are a few Specimens of the Evi- 
dence on which Mr. Burroughs was 
condemned and executed. 

[115] George Burrough's "Tryal. 65 

have a (hare in their Torments. At the Exami- 
nation of this G. B. the bewitched People were 
grievoufly harrafled with preternatural Mifchiefs, 
which could not poflibly be diflembled ; and they 
ftill afcribed it unto the Endeavours of G. B. to 
kill them. And now upon his Trial, one of the 
bewitched perfons teftified, That in her Agonies 
2i little Black-haired Man came to her, faying 
his name was B. and bidding her fet her hand 
unto a Book, which he (hewed unto her ; and 
bragging that he was a Conjuror above the ordi- 
nary Rank of Witches ; that he often perfecuted 
her, with the offer of that Book, faying, (he 
fhould be well, and need fear nobody, if fhe 
would but fign it : but he inflidled cruel pains 
and hurts upon her, becaufe of her denying fo to 
do.^* The Teftimonies of the other Sufferers, 
concurred with thefe; and it was remarkable, 
that whereas Biting, was one of the ways, which 
the Witches ufed, for the vexing of the Sufferers, 
when they cry'd out of G. B. biting them, the 
print of his Teeth would be feen on the Flefti 
of the Complainers; and juft fuch a fet of Teeth 
as G. B's. would then appear upon them, which 
could be diftinguifhed from thofe of fome other 

Others of them teftified, that in their Tor- 
ments G. B. tempted them to go unto a 
Sacrament, unto which they perceived him 

^2 Several of thofe Girls before mentioned, fwore lo about the fame thing. 


66 George Burrough's Tryal. [ii6] 

with a found of Trumpet fummoning of other 
Witches; who quickly after the found would 
come from all quarters unto the Randezvous. 
One of them falling into a kind of Trance, af- 
terwards affirmed, that G. B. had carried her into 
a very high Mountain, where he (hewed her 
mighty and glorious Kingdoms, and faid he 
would give them all to her, if (he would write 
in his Book ; but (he told him, They were none 
of his to give ; and refufed the Motions ; endur- 
ing of much mifery for that refufal.^^ 

It coft the Court a wonderful deal of trouble 
to hear the Teftimonies of the Sufferers; for 
when they were going to give in their Depo(i- 
tions, they would for a long while be taken with 
Fits, that made them uncapable of faying any 
thing. The chief Judge afked the Prifoner, who 
he thought hindered thefe Witne(res from giving 
their Tefliimonies ? and he anfwered. He fuppofed 
it was the Devil. That Honourable perfon then 
replied. How comes the Devil fo loth to have 
any Teftimony borne againft you ? Which caft 
him into very great confufion/^ 

"3 The Girl who niade oath to break my Neck : but I tould him 

this was Mercy Lewis. It look ihcy were none of his to give, and 

place on the 9th of May, 1692, as would not writ if he throde me 

(he faid: "Mr. Burroughs carried down on a hundred pichforks." — 

me up to an exceeding high Moun- Records 5. W, ii, 1 18. 

tain and fhcwed me all the King- ^^ This is only Dr. Mather's 

doms of the Earih, and told me he Abridgment of the Record, it will 

would give them all to me if I would be remembered. ** Sus. Sheldon 

writ in his Book, and if I would teftifyed that Burroughs two Wives 

not, he would thro me down and appeared in their Winding-fhcets, 

[ii6j George Burrough's Tryal. 67 

3. It hath been a frequent thing for the be- 
witched People, to be entertained with Appari- 
tions of Ghofts of murdered People, at the fame 
time that the Spedlres of the Witches trouble 
them. Thefe Ghofts do always [116] affright 
the beholders, more than all tne other Spedtral 
Reprefentations ; and when they exhibit them- 
felves, they cry out of being murdered by the 
Witchcrafts or other Violences of the perfons 
who are then in Spedlre prefent. It is further 
confiderable, that once or twice thefe Apparitions 
have been feen by others, at the very fame time 
they have fhown themfelves to the bewitched ; 
and feldom have there been thefe Apparitions, 
but when fomething unufual and fufpedled hath 
attended the death of the Party thus appearing. 
Some that have been accufed by thefe Appari- 
tions, accofting of the bewitched People, who 
had never heard a word of any fuch perfons ever 
being in the World, have upon a fair Examina- 
tion, freely and fully confeffed the Murders of 
thofe very perfons, although thefe alfo did not 
know how the Apparitions had complained of 
them. Accordingly feveral of the bewitched 
had given in their Teftimony, that they had been 
troubled with the Apparitions of two Women, 
who faid they were G. B\ two Wives ; and that 
he had been the death of them ; and that the 

and faid that Man killed them, knocki down all (or mod) of the 
He was bid to look upon Sus. afflifted who ftood behind him." — 
Sheldon. He looked back and Ihid, ii, 109. 

68 George Burrough's Tryal. [1163 

Magiftrates muft be told of it, before whom, if 
B. upon his Tryal denied it, they did not know 
but that they (hould appear again in the Court. 
Now G. B. had been iniamous, for the barbarous 
ufage of his two fucceffive Wives, all the Coun- 
trey over. Moreover, it was teftified, the Spedre 
of G. B. threatning of the Sufferers told them 
he had killed (befides others) Mrs. Law/on and 
her Daughter Ann. And it was noted, that thefe 
were the Vertuous Wife and Daughter of one, at 
whom this G. B. might have a prejudice, for 
being ferviceable at Sa/em-V illzge, from whence 
himfelf had in ill terms removed fome Years 
before, and that when they dy'd, which was long 
lince, there were fome odd circumftances about 
them, which made fome of the Attendants there 
fuipedl fomething of Witchcraft, though none 
imagined from what quarter it fhould come. 

Well G. B. being now upon his Tryal, one of 
the bewitched perfons was caft into horror at the 
Ghofts of B's. two deceafed Wives, then appearing 
before him, and crying for vengeance againfl 
him. Hereupon feveral of the bewitched per- 
fons were fucceflively called in, who all, not 
knowing what the former had feen and faid, con- 
curred in their horror of the Apparition, which 
they affirmed, that he had before him. But he, 
though much appalled, utterly denied that he 
difcerned any thing of it, nor was it any part of 
his Convidlion. 

4. Judicious writers have affigned it a great 

[iiyl George Burrough's Tryal. 69 

place, in the Convidlion of Witches, when per- 
fons are Impeached by other notorious Witches 
to be as ill as themfelves, efpecially if the perfons 
have been much noted for negledling the Worfhip 
of God. Now as there might have been Tefti- 
monies enough of G. jB's. Antipathy to Prayer, 
and the other Ordinances of God, though by his 
Profeflion fingularly obliged thereunto ; fo there 
now came in againft the Prifoner, the Teftimo- 
nies of feveral perfons, who [117] confefTed their 
own having been horrible Witches, and ever fince 
their Confeflions, had been themfelves terribly tor- 
tured by the Devils and other Witches, even like 
the other Sufferers ; and therein undergone the 
pains of many deaths for their Confeflions. 

Thefe now teftified, that G. B. had been at 
Witch-meetings with them ; and that he was the 
perfon who had feduced and compelled them 
into the Snares of Witchcraft : that he promifed 
them fine Cloaths for doing it ; that he brought 
Poppets to them, and thorns to ftick into thofe 
Poppets, for the afflidling of other People : And 
that he exhorted them, with the reft of the Crue 
to bewitch all iS^/fw- Village ; but be fure to do 
it gradually; if they would prevail in what they 

When the Lancajhire Witches were Con- 
demned, I do'nt remember that there was any 
confiderable further Evidence, than that of the 
bewitched, and than that of fome that had con- 
fefl^ed. We fee fo much already againft G. B. 

70 George Burrough's Tryal. [117] 

But this being indeed not enough, there were 
other things to render what had already been 
produced credible. 

5. A famous Divine, recites this among the 
Convidlions of a Witch ; the Teftimony of the 
party bewitched, whether pining or dying ; to- 
gether with the Joint Oaths of fufficient perfons, 
that have feen certain podigious pranks or feats, 
wrought by the party accufed. Now God had 
been pleafed fo to leave this G. B. that he had 
enfnared himfelf, by feveral inftances which he 
had formerly given of a preternatural ftrength ; 
and which were now produced againft him. He 
was a very puny Man, yet he had often done 
things beyond the ftrength of a Giant.^^ A Gun 
of about 7 Foot barrel, and fo heavy that ftrong 
Men could not fteadily hold it out, with both 
hands ; there were feveral Teftimonies given in 
by perfons of Credit and Honor, that he made 
nothing of taking up fuch a Gun behind the 
Lock with but one hand, and holding it out like 
a Piftol, at Arms-end. G. B. in his vindication 
was fo foolifti, as to fay, that an Indian was there, 
and held it out, at the fame time : whereas, none 
of the Spedlators ever faw any fuch Indian ; but 
they fuppofed the black Man (as the Witches 
call the Devil ; and they generally fay he refem- 
bles an Indian) might give him that Afliftance. 

®5 By the Teftimony extradted in the Record. He may have, and 
Note 6\, it will be fccn that the doubtlefs had more than is now 
Do6lor*s Statement is rather beyond extant. 

[ii8] George Burrough's Tryal. 71 

There was Evidence likewife brought in, that he 
made nothing of taking up whole Barrels fill'd 
with Mellafles, or Cyder, in very difadvantageous 
Poftures, and carrying of them thro' the diffi- 
culteft places, out of a Canoa to the Shore. 

Yea, there were two Tefti monies, that G. B. 
with only putting the Fore-finger of his right 
hand into the Muzzel of an heavy Gun, a fowling 
piece of about fix or feven foot Barrel did lift up 
the Gun, and hold it out at Arms-end ; a Gun 
which the Deponents, though fl:rong men, could 
not with both hands lift up, and hold out at the 
Butt-end, as is ufual. Indeed one of thefe Wit- 
nefles, was over-perfwaded by fome perfons to 
[118] be out of way upon G. 5's. Tryal ; but he 
came afterwards with forrow for his withdraw, 
and gave in his Teftimony. Nor were either of 
thefe Witnefl!es made ufe of as Evidence in the 

6. There came in feveral Tefl:imonies, relating 
to the Domefl:ick' affairs of G. B. which had a 
very hard Afpedt upon him ; and not only proved 
him a very ill Man, but alfo confirmed the belief 
of the Character, which had been already faftned 
on him. 

'Twas Teftified, that keeping his two fuccefllve 
Wives in a ftrange kind of flavery, he would 
when he came home from abroad pretend to tell 
the talk which any had with them. That he 
has brought them to the point of Death, by his 
harfh dealings with his Wives, and then made the 

72 George Burrough's TryaL [ii8] 

People about him to promife that in cafe Death 
fhould happen they would fay nothing of it. 
That he ufed all means to make his Wives Write, 
Sign, Seal, and Swear a Covenant never to reveal 
any of his Secrets. That his Wives had privately 
complained unto the Neighbours about frightly 
Apparitions of Evil Spirits, with which their 
Houfe was fometimes infefted ; and that many 
fuch things have been whifpered among the 
Neighbourhood. There were alfo fome other 
Teftimonies, relating to the death of People, 
whereby the Confciences of an impartial Jury 
were convinced, that G. B. had bewitched the 
perfons mentioned in the Complaints. But I am 
forced to omit feveral fuch Paflages in this as well 
as in all the fucceeding Tryals, becaufe the Scribes 
who took notice of them, have not fupplied me. 
7. One Mr. Rucky Brother in Law to this G. 
B. teftified that G. B. and he himfelf, and his 
Sifter, who was G. 5's. Wife, going out for two 
or three Miles, to gather Strawberries, Ruck with 
his Sifter, the Wife of G. B. rode home very 
foftly, with G. B. on foot, in their company, G. 
B. ftept afide a little into the Bufhes, whereupon 
they halted and hollow'd for him. He not an- 
fwering, they went away homewards, with a 
quickened pace ; without any expedlation of fee- 
ing him in a confiderable while : and yet when 
they were got near home, to their aftonifliment 
they found him on foot, with them, having a 
Bafket of Strawberries. G. B. immediately then 

[119] George Burrough's Tryal. 73 

fell to chiding his Wife, on the account of what 
fhe had been fpeaking to her Brother of him on 
the Road : wnich when they wondered at, he 
faid. He knew their thoughts. Ruck being 
ftartled at that, made fome reply, intimating that 
the Devil himfelf did not know fo far ; but G. 
B. anfwered, my god, makes ktiown your thoughts 
unto me. The Prifoner now at the Bar had 
nothing to anfwer unto what was thus witnefled 
againft him, that was worth confidering. Only 
he faid, Ruck and his Wife left a man with him, 
when they left him. Which Ruck now affirm'd 
to be falfe; and when the Court afked G. B. 
What the mans name was ? His countenance was 
much altered; nor [119] could he fay who it 
was. But the Court began to think that he then 
ftept afide, only that by the Afliftance of the 
black Man, he might put on his invifibility, and 
in that fafcinating Mift, gratify his own jealous 
humour, to hear what they faid of him. Which 
trick of rendering themfelves invifible, our Witches 
do in their Confeffions pretend that they fome- 
times are mailers of; and it is the more credible, 
becaufe there is demonftration that they often 
render many other things utterly invifible. 

8. Faultering, Faulty, Unconftant, and con- 
trary Anfwers upon Judicial and deliberate Ex- 
amination, are counted fome unlucky fymptoms 
of Guilt in all Crimes, efpecially in Witchcrafts. 
Now there never was a Prifoner more Eminent 
for them, than G. B. both at his Examination 

74 Bridget Bifliop's IndiSiment. [119] 

and on his Tryal. His Tergiverfations, Contra- 
didlions, and Falfehoods, were very fenfible : he 
had little to fay, but that he had heard fome things 
that he could not prove, Refledling upon the Re- 
putation of fome of the Witnefles. Only he 
gave in a Paper to the Jury; wherein, altho' he 
had many times before granted, not only that 
there are Witches, but alfo that the prefent Suf- 
ferings of- the Countrey are the EfFedls of Hor- 
rible Witchcrafts, yet he now goes to evince it, 
that there neither are nor ever were, Witches, 
that having made a compadl with the Devil, can 
fend a Devil to torment other People at a diftance. 
This Paper was tranfcribed out of Ady ; which 
the Court prefently knew, as foon as they heard 
it.. But he faid, he had taken none of it out of 
any Book ; for which his evafion afterwards was, 
that a Gentleman gave him the Difcourfe in a 
Manufcript, from whence he tranfcribed it. 

9. The Jury brought him in Guilty ; but when 
he came to dye, he utterly deny'd the Fad, 
whereof he had been thus Convidled.^^ 

The IndiElment of Bridget Bifliop. 

Anno Begni 'Regis IS Regina Wiiiielmi V Marut, nunc 
Anglia, Wr. quarto, 

F/r /r^ I ^HE jurors for our Sovereign Lord and 

^ ' JL Lady, the King and Queen prefent. 

That Bridget Btjhop, alias Oliver, the Wife of 

'®Sce Note 153, Page 163, Vol. I. 

[i2o] Bridget Bifliop's IndiEtment. 75 

Edward Bijhop in Salem^ in the County of EJfex^ 
Sawyer, the Nineteenth day of Aprils in the 
Fourth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
and Lady, William and Mary^ by the Grace of 
God, of England^ Scotland^ France and Ireland^ 
King and Queen, Defenders of the Faith, Gfr. 
and divers other days and times, as well before as 
after, certain deteftable Arts, called Witchcrafts, 
and Sorceries, wickedly and Fellonioufly hath 
ufed, pradliced, and exercifed at, and within the 
Townfliip of Saleniy in the County of EJfex^ afore- 
faid, in, upon, and againft one [ 1 20] Mercy Lewis^ 
of Salem-ViW^ig^y in the County aforefaid, fingle 
Woman; by which faid wicked Arts, the faid 
Mercy Lewis, the faid Nineteenth day of April, 
in the Fourth Year above faid, and divers other 
days and times, as well before as after, was and is 
Hurt, Tortured, Afflicted, Pined, Confumed, 
Wafted and Tormented, againft the Peace of our 
Sovereign Lord and Lady, the King and Queen, 
and againft the form of the Statute, in that cafe 
made and provided. 

Endorfed Billa Vera. 

Witnefles — Mary Lewis, ^Nathaniel Ingarfoll, 
yix^ Samuel Parr is, Thomas Putnam, Junior, Mary 
Walcott, Junior, Ann Putnam, Junior, Elizabeth 
Hubbard, Abigail Williams. 

There was alfo a Second Indidlment, on the 
faid Bijhop, for afflidling and pradlifing Witchcraft 
on Abigail Williams. Witnefles to the faid In- 

76 Bridget Bifliop's Tryal. [120] 

didlment, were the faid Abigail Williams^ Mr. 
P arris y ^Nathaniel Ingarfoll^ Thomas Putnam^ Ann 
Putnam^ Mary Walcott^ Elizabeth Hubbard.^^ 

The Third Indidlment was for afflicting Mary 
Walcotty Witnefles to which faid Indidlment, were 
'Mary Walcott^ Mercy Lewis, Mr. Samuel Parris, 
Nathaniel Ingarfolly Thomas Putnam, Ann Put- 
nam, Elizabeth Hubbard, Abigail Williams!'^ 

The Fourth Indidlment was for afflidling Eli- 
zabeth Hubbard, Witneffes to which faid Indidt- 
ment, were the faid Elizabeth Hubbard, Mercy 
Lewis, Mr. Parris, ^Nathaniel Ingarfoll, Tboipas 
Putnam, Ann Putnam, Mary Walcott, Abigail 

The Fifth Indidtment was for afflidling Ann 
Putnam, Witneffes to which faid Indictment, were 
the faid Ann Putnam, Mr. Samuel Parris, ^Na- 
thaniel Ingarfoll, Thomas Putnam, Mercy Lewis, 
Mary Walcott, Abigail Williams, Elizabeth Hub- 

^7 There are four Indidlments Original, with fome very flight Dif- 

recorded. The Witnefles to the ference in the Orthography; and 

firft correfpond with the Records, fo of thofe to the fourth Indidtment. 
Thofc to the fecond differ by the ^'* It will be feen that much the 

Omiflion of *' John Bligh, and Re- fame Set of Wimeflles figure in moft 

beckah, his Wife; Samuell Shattuck, of the Cafes; and it is furpriflng that 

and Sarah, his Wife; William Bligh, (wch ftereotype Tellimony (hould 

William Stacey; John Loader." have been fo long impofed upon 

"® Thefe correfpond with the the Judges. 

[i2i] Bridget Bifhop's Tryal. 77 

The Tryal ^Bridget Bifliop, as printed^ 
in Wonders of Invijible Worlds J^^^ 2, 
1692. P. 104 to 114. 

I. Q^HE was IndiBedfor bewitching feveral per- 
O fons in the Neighbourhood. The Indictment 
being drawn upy according to the form infuch cafes 
u/ual, and pleading not guilty y there were brought in 
feveral perfonSy who had long undergone many kinds 
of miferieSj which were preternaturally infiBed^ 
and generally afcribed unto an horrible Witchcraft. 
There was little occafon to prove the Witchcraft^ it 
being evident and notorious to all beholders. Now 
to fix the Witchcraft on the Prifoner at the Bar, 
thefirft thing ufedwas^ the tefiimony of the bewitched; 
whereof fever al teftified^ that the Jh ape of the [121] 
Prifoner did oftentimes very grievoufiy pinch them^ 
choak themy bite them^ and afflidi them ; urging them 
to write their names in a Booky which the f aid Spec- 
tre calPd Ours. One of them did further tejlifiey 
that it was the jh ape of this Prifoner y with another y 
which one day took her from her Wheely and carrying 
her to the River fidey threatned there to drown hery 
if fi^e did notfign the Book mention' dy which yet jhe 
refufed. Others of them did alfo teftificy that the 
faidJhapCy did in her threats y brag to themy that Jhe 
had been the death of fundry perfonsy then by her 
named. Another tefiifiedy the Apparition of Ghofis 
unto the SpeBre of Bifhop, crying outy You mur- 

78 Bridget Bifliop's Tryal. [121] 

dered us. About the truth whereof ^ there was in 
the matter of FaBy but too much fufpicionJ'' 

2. // was tejiifiedy that at the Examination of the 
Prifoner^ before the MagiJirateSy the bewitched were 
extreamly tortured. Ifjhe did but caji her Eyes on 
them J they were prefently flruck down ; and this in 
fucb a manner as there could be no collufon in the 
bujtnefs. But upon the touch of her hand upon them^ 
when they lay in their fwoons^ they would immedi- 
ately revise ; and not upon the touch of any ones 
elfe. Moreover upon fome fpecial ABions of her 
Body, as the jhaking of her head, or the turning of 
her Eyes J they prefently and painfully fell into the 
like pojiures. And many of the like accidents now 
fell out, while Jhe was at the Bar. One at the fame 
time tejiifyingy that Jhe faidy She could not be 
troubled to fee the Afflided thus tormented.^' 

't'The Anfwers of Bridget at ^* Among all the hard fwearing, 

her Examination were Common- that of **Suf. Sheldon ** was pcr- 

fenfe-like, and carried with them haps equal to any. She was about 

fuch honed Simplicity, that it is 1 8 Years old. At one Time, June 

Matter of Aftonilhment the Judges 2d, 1692, (he (aw the " Apperi(h- 

could not di(tingui(h between the tion" of Bridget Bi(hop, and im- 

mod puerile Abfurdities and Truth, mediately came two little Children, 

It appears that (he had had a Huf- Twins, which told her (Bridget) to 

band, named Oliver; hence (he is her Face that (he had murdered 

often called Bridget Bi(hop, alias them by fetting them into Fits, 

Oliver. During her Examination, whereof they dyed. One John 

the Afflidled apparently fuffered ex- Cooke, aged 1 8, fwore about an 

ceflive Torture. One " Sam. Gold " Apple which jumped out of his 

afterwards afked her if (he was not Hand. John Blye and his Wife, 

troubled to fee them fo tormented, about a Sow of theirs being be- 

He reported that her Anfwer was witched, and they " Judged Bi(hop 

'*No. She was not troubled for bewitched iaid Sow." Elizabeth 

them." This was viewed as (Irong Balch of Beverly, aged about 38, 

Evidence againft her. Wife of Benj. B. Ju% *• being at 

[i2i] Bridget Biiliop's Tryal. 79 

3. Inhere was Tejltmony likewife brought in^ that 
a Manjlriking once at the place ^ where a bewitched 
per/on faid^ the Jhape of this Bifhop jlood^ the be- 
witched cryed out that he had tore her Coat^ in the 
place then particularly fpecijied; and the iVomans 
Coat was found to be torn in the very place J'^ 

Salem y« very Day that Capt George 
Corwin was buried, and in y^ 
Euening of faid Day coming from fd. 
Salem vnto fd, Beuerly, on HoHe- 
back, with her Sifter, then known 
by the Name of Abigail Wood- 
burie, now Abigail Waldron lieuing 
in Wenham, Wife vnto Nathaniel) 
Waldron, riding bchinde her; and 
were come fo far as Crane Riuer 
Common foe called, Edward Bifh- 
op and his Wife ouercook vs (on 
horfeback) who arc both now in 
Prifon vnder Sufpition of Witch- 
craft.'' Bridget complained of her 
Huft)and for riding into the Water, 
and of riding too faft. Where- 
upon an Altercation arofe, and hard 
Words were bandied between them. 
•* And then fd. Bilhop dircfted his 
Speech vnto vs as we rode along, 
and fd. that fhe had been a bad 
Wife vnto him euer fince they were 
marryed, and reckoned vp many of 
her Mifcarriages towards him; but 
now of late fhe was worfe than 
euer before (and that the fhe Devill ' 
did come bodyly vnto her, and that 
fhe was familiar with the Deuil, and 
that fhe fate vp all ye Night loi g 
with y^ Deuill) or Words to that 
Purpofe. Said Bifhop's Wife made 
very little Reply."— ^/r^r^/ 5. H^., 
i, 167-8. 

72 "Suf. Sheldon," in additional 
Tcllimony faid, that " on the fourth 
Day, at Night, came Goody Olli- 
uer, M's. Englifh, Goodman Corie, 
and a black Man with a hi crowned 
hatt, with Books in their Hands. 
Goody OUiuer bid me touch her 
Book. I would not ;'* told me fhe 
had been a Witch twenty Years. 
" Then there came a ftreacked 
Snake, creeping ouer her Shoulder, 
and creep into her Bofom. Mrs. 
Englifh had a Yello Bird in her 
Bofom, and Goodman Coric had 
two Turcles hang to his Coat, and 
he opened his Bofom and put his 
Turcles to his Breft and gave them 
fuck. I'hen Goodm. Core and 
Goody Oliuer kneeled downe be- 
fore the Black Man and went to 
prayer. The Black Man told me 
Goody OUiver had been a Witch 
20 years and an half. Then they 
all fet to biting mee, and fo went 
away. Goodwife Core told me 
fhe lived in [B]osfton Prifon. Then 
fhe pulled out her brcft and the 
Black Man gave her a thing like a 
blake Pig. It had no Hairs on it. 
Shee put it to her breft and gave it 
fuck. Goody Olliver told mee fhee 
had killed four Women. Two ot 
them were the Fofters Wifes and 
John Traskes Wife, and did not 

8o Bridget Bifliop's Tryal. [121] 

4. One Deliverance Hobbs, who had confejfed 
her being a Witcb^ was now tormented by the Spec- 
tres for her ConfeJJion. And jhe now tejiified that 
this Bifliop tempted her to Jign the Book again^ and 
to deny what Jhe had confejf'd. She affirmed^ that 
it was the Jhape of this Prifoner^ which whipped 
her with Iron Rods, to compel her thereunto. And 
jhe affirmed, that this Bifliop was at a General 
meeting of the Witches in afield, at ^zX^in-Village ; 
and there partook of a Diabolical Sacrament, in 
Bread and Wine then adminifieredJ^ 

5. To render it further unquefiionable, that the 
Prifoner at the Bar was the Perfon truly charged 
in this Witchcraft ; there was produced many Evi^ 
dences of other Witchcrafts, by her perpetrated. 
For injiance, John Cook tefiified, that about five 
or six Tears ago, one morning about Sun- Rife, he 
was in his Chamber, a ffault ed by the Jhnpe of this 
Prifoner : which looked on him, grinn'd at him, and 
very much hurt him, with a blow on the fide of the 
head; and that on the fame day about Noon, the 
fame Jhape walked in the Room where he was, and 

an Apple firangely flew out of his handy into the lap 
of his Mother, fix or eight foot from himJ^ 

name the other. Then they did all cited, i, 148-9. It is a Tiflue of 

bite mee/* — Records S,W. ii, 169- Contradiftory Nonfcnfc; and if at 

170. Then follows the "Death all relied upon would excite no 

Warrant " of Bridget Bifliop, dated Wonder, in view of what had gone 

at Bofton, June the 8th, 1692, before. 

figned by Lieutenant Govcrnour 7* John Cooke was a young Man 

Stoughton. of fome 1 8 years of Age. It (hould 

73 Her Tcftimony, as recorded, be remembered that thefe accounts 

;nay be read in the Records as above of Evidence are Dr. Mather's Vcr- 

V »* - 

[i22] Bridget Bifhop's TryaL 8i 

[122] 6. Samuel Gray, /^5^V, that about four" 
teen Tears ago, be wakd on a N if^ht. and faw the 
Room where he lay full of light ; and that he then 
faw plainly a Woman between the Cradle and the 
Bedfide, which looked upon him. He rofe, and it 
vanijhed; tbo Ife found the Doors all fajl: Look- 
ing out at the Entry door, he faw the fame Woman 
in the fame garb again, and faid. In God's name, 
what do you come for ? He went to Bed, and had 
the fame Woman again ajfaulting him. The Child 
in the Cradle gave a great Screech y and the Woman 
difappeared. It was long before the Child could be 
quieted ; and t ho it were a very likely thriving Child, 
yet from this time it pined away, and after divers 
Months died in a fad condition. He knew not Bi£hop, 
nor her nam e ; ImtjwbenJ^^ 
ir uw by her countenanc e^ and appareTTand^ all cir^ 
cumftanceh, that it was the Apparition of this Bifhop, 
which had thus troubled him.'^^ 

7. John Bly and his Wife, tejlifed, that b$ bought 

a Sow of Edward Bifliop, the Hufband of the Pri- 

foner, and was to pay the price agreed unto another 

perfon. This Prijbner being angry that Jhe was thus 

kindred from fingring the Money, quarrePd with Bly, \ /* • 

foon after which the Sow was taken with Jirange 

fion. He has omitted the mod could thruft his hand into. See 
important Item in Cook's Tefti- Records S, fT, i, 165. 
mony. He fwore, that after Good- '* Gray gave his age as about 42 
wife Bifliop had ftruck him on the Years. His Teftimony is pretty 
fide of the Head, he faw her go fully and fairly given above. See 
out under the end Window at a Records, Ibid, 152-3. He is no- 
little Crevice about as large as one ticed in Savage's DiSknary, ii, 299. 


82 Bridget Bifliop's Tryal [122] 

Fitts 9 jumping^ lea^ing^ and knocking her head agatnfi 
the Fence y jhe feemed blind and deaf^ and would neither 
eat nor be fucked. Whereupon a Neighbour faid^ Jhe 
believed the creature was over-looked; and fundry 
other circumftances concurred^ which made the 'Depo- 
nents believe that Bifliop had bewitched itJ^ 

8. Richard Coman tejiified that Eight Tears 
ago J as he lay awake in his Bedy with a light burning 
in the Room^ he was annoyed with the Apparition of 
this Bifliop, and of two more that were Jirangers to 
him ; who came and opprejfed him fo that he could 
neither Jiir himfelf nor wake any one elfe : and that 
he was the Night after molejied again in the like man- 
ner ; thefaid Bifliop taking him by the Throaty and 
pulling him almojl out of the Bed. His KSnfman 
offered for this caufe to lodge with him ; and that 
nighty as they were awake dtfcourfing together y this 
Coman was once more vifited by the Guefts which 
had formerly been fo troublefomey his Kinfman being 
at the fame time fir uckfpeechlefsy and unable to move 
hand or foot. He had laid his Sword by him ; which 
thofe unhappy SpeBreSy didfirive much to wrefi from 
himy only he held too faft for them. He then grew 
able to call the People of his houfe ; but alt ho they 
heard himy yet they had not power to fpeak or fiiry 
until at lafiy one of the People crying outy Whafs the 
matter ! the SpeStres all vanijhedj'^ 

7® ThisTcftimoDy was given June Years. Thefc teilified concerning 

2d, 1692, The Blighs gave other the finding of Poppitts, as given in 

Teftimony, alfo, on the fame Day. Volume i. Page 173-4. 

John Blye, Senior, aged about 57, ^^ Coman gave his Age as about 

and William B]ye> aged about 15 32 years. His Nightmare Story 

[123] Bridget Bifliop's Tryal 83 

9. Samuel Shattuck teftified, that in the Year, 
1680. This Bridget Bijhopy often came to his 
houfe upon fuch frivolous and foolifli Errands, 
that they fufpedted (he came indeed with a pur- 
pofe of Mifchief. Prefently whereupon his Eldeft 
Child, which was of as promifing health and fenfe, 
as any Child of its Age, began to droop exceed- 
ingly ; and the [123] oftener that Bijhop came to 
the houfe, the worfe grew the Child. As the 
Child would be ftanding at the Door, he would be 
thrown and bruifed again ft the Stones, by an In- 
vifible hand, and in like fort knock his face 
againft the fides of the houfe, and bruife it after 
a miferable manner. Afterwards this Bijhop 
would bring him things to Dye, whereof he 
could not Imagine any ufe ; and when fhe paid 
him a piece of Money, the Purfe and Money 
were unaccountably conveyed out of a lock*d Box, 
and never feen more. The Child was immedi- 
ately hereupon taken with terrible Fits, whereof 
his friends thought he would have died : Indeed 
he did almoft nothing but cry and fleep, for 
feveral Months together ; and at length his under- 
ftanding was utterly taken away. Among other 
Symptoms of an Inchantment upon him one was, 
that there was a Board in the garden, whereon 
he would walk ; and all the Invitations in the 
world could never fetch him off. About feven- 
teen or eighteen Years after, there came a ftran- 

b here a good deal abridged. The cords, as publijbed by Woodward, 
curious Reader mud go to the Re- Vol. i, 163-4. 

84 ^ Bridget Bifhop's Tryal. [123] 

ger to Shattocks houfe, who feeing the Child, 
faid, This poor Child is bewitched; and you have a 
Neighbour living not far off who is a Witch. He 
added, Tour Neighbour has had a falling out with 
your Wife ; and Jhefaid in her hearty your Wife is 
a proud Woman^ anajhe would bring down her pride 
in this Child: He then remembered, that Bijhop 
had parted from his Wife in muttering, and 
menacing terms, a little before the Child was 
taken ill. The abovefaid ftranger would needs 
carry the bewitched Boy with him to Bijhops 
Houfe, on pretence of buying a Pot of Cyder. 
The Woman entertained him in a furious manner ; 
and flew alfo upon the Boy, fcratching his face 
till the Blood came, and faying. Thou Rogue^ 
what f dojl thou bring this fellow here to plague me? 
Now it feems the Man had faid before he went, 
that he would fetch ^lood of her. Mvcr after 
the Boy was followed with grievous Fits, which 
the Dodlors themfelvd^ generally afcribed unto 
Witchcraft; and whereiti he would be thrown 
ftill into the Fire or Water, if he were not con- 
ftantly looked after ; and it was verily believed 
that Bf/hop was the caufe of it.7* 

10. John Louder teftified, that upon fome little 
controverfie with Bijhop about her Fowls, going 

*^ ShattQck's Teftimony occupies brd&d Face. On beii^ aiked how 

three and an half of Mr. Wood- it happened, replied that the Stones 

ward's quarto Pages. His Age was in the Road flew up and (truck him 

41. A part of his Story reminds as he was walking along. Poor 

one of the Man who appeared Shattuck was unqu^onably injured 

among his friends with an awfully in the fame way. 

[124] Bridget Bifliop's Tryal. - 85 

well to bed, he did awake in the Night by Moon- 
light, and did clearly fee the likenefs of this Wo- 
man grievoufly oppreffing him. In which mif- 
crable condition (he held him unable to help 
himfelf, till near day. He told Bijhop of this ; 
but (he utterly denied it, and threatned him very 
much. Quickly after this, being at home on a 
Lord's Day, with the doors (hut about him, he 
faw a black Pig approach him ; at which he go- 
ing to kick, it vanifhed away. Immediately 
after fitting down he faw a black thing jump in 
at the Window, and come and ftand before him. 
The body was like that of a Monkey, the feet 
like a Cocks, but the face much like a Mans. 
He being fo extremely afrighted, that he could 
not fpeak ; this Monfter fpoke to him and faid, 
I am a Mejfenger [ 1 24] fent unto you^for I under ^ 
Jland th$liyou are in fome trouble of Mind, and if 
you will « ruled by me, youjhall want for nothing 
in this World. Whereupon he endeavoured tb 
clap his hands upon it ; but he could feel no fub- 
(lance, and it jumped out of the Window again ; 
but immediately came in by the Porch, though 
the doors were (hut, and faid. You had better take 
my counfel! He then ftruck at it with a ftick, 
but ftruck onlv the Groundfel, and broke the 
ftick. The Arm with which he ftruck was pre- 
fently difenabled, and it vanifhed away. He 
prefently went out at the back door, and fpied 
this Bijhop, in her Orchard, going toward her 
Houfe; but ^ he had not power to fet one foot 

86 Bridget Bifliop's TryaL [124] 

forward unto her. Whereupon returning into 
the Houfe, he was immediately accofted by the 
Monfter he had feen before ; which Goblin was 
now going to fly at him : whereat he cried out. 
The whole Armour of God be between me and you ! 
fo it fprang back, and flew over the Apple-tree ; 
(baking many Apples oflF the Tree in its flying 
over. At its leap, it flung dirt with its Feet, 
againft the Stomach of the Man ; whereon he 
was then ftruck dumb, and fo continued for three 
Days together. Upon the producing of this 
Teftimony, Bijhop denied that (he knew this De- 
ponent. Yet their two Orchards joined, and they 
had often had their little quarrels for fome Years 

II . William Stacy teftified, that receiving Money 
of this Bijhopy for work done by him, he was gone 
but a matter of three Rods from her; a^ looking 
for his Money, found it unaccountably ^ne from 
him. Some time after, Bijhop aflced him whe- 
ther his Father would grind her Grift for her ? 
He demanded why? (he replied, becaufe folks 
count me a Witch. He anfwered, no queftion, 
but he will grind it for you ; being then gone 
about fix Rods from her, with a fmall load in his 
Cart, fuddainlyjthe oflf Wheel flumpt, and funk 

7^ John Louder gave his Age tack was, and faw quite as much if 

"about thirty two.'* He faid he not hurt as much. A black Pig 

lived with Mr. John feemed determined to keep him 

Salem about (even or eight Years Company ; but there were (bme 

iince. He was doubdefs afflidted odier Things equally nondefcript. 

* by the fame Agents as Samuel Shat« See Records^ \, 1 60- 1 • 

[i25] Bridget Bifhop's Tryal 87 

down into an hole, upon plain ground, fo that the 
Deponent, was forced to get help for the recover- 
ing of the Wheel. But ftepping back to look 
for the hole which might give him this difafter, 
there was none at all to be found. Some time 
after he was waked in the Night ; but it feemed 
as light as day, and he perfeftly faw the fhape of 
this Bijhopj in the Room troubling of him, but 
upon her going out, all was dark again. He 
charged Bijhop afterwards with it, and fhe denied 
it not ; but was very angry. Quickly after, this 
Deponent having been threatned by Bijhop^ as he 
was in a dark Night going to the Barn, he was 
very fuddenly taken or lifted^ from the ground 
and thrown^againft^ after that he 

was again hoifted up, and thrown down a bank, 
at the end of his Houfe. After this, again pair- 
ing by this Bijhopf his Horfe with a fmall load, 
ftriving to draw, all his Gears flew to pieces, and 
the Cart fell down; and this Deponent going 
then to lift a bag of Corn, of about two Bufhels, 
could not budge it with all his might.*® 

[125] Many other pranks of this Bifliops^ this 
Deponent was ready to teftifie. He alfo teftified, 
that he verily believed, the faid Bijhop was the 

P" Stacy was of Salem, aged thirty Shattuck and Louder, only Stone 

fix, or thereabouts. He goes back Fences, Stumps and other odd 

fourteen Years, which was the time things knocked him about in a 

of the Money Tranfadlion. So manner, which if it furprifed the 

that Dr. Mather's verfion of the Magiflrates, it probably furprifed 

Affair, as though it had juft hap- nobody who might be better ac- 

pened, is not a fair one. Stacy was quainted with him. See Wonder's^ 

often in the fame Predicament of Vol. i, 172. 

88 Bridget Bifhop's IryaL [125] 

Inftrumcnt of his Daughter Prifcilla's death ; of 
which fufpicion, pregnant reafons were ailigned. 

1 2. To crown all John Bfy and William Ely 
teftiiied, that being employed by Bridget Bijhopy 
to help take down the Cellar-wall of the old 
Houfe, wherein fhe formerly lived, they did in 
holes of the faid old Wall, find feveral Poppets 
made up of Rags, and Hogs Bridles, with head- 
lefs Pins in them, the points being outward. 
Whereof (he could now give no Account unto the 
Court, that was reafonable or tolerable.*' 

1 3. One thing that made againft the Prifoner 
was, her being evidently convicted of Grofs lying 
in the Court, feveral times, while (he was making 
her Plea. But befides this, a Jury of Women, 
found a preternatural Tet upon her Body ; but 
upon a fecond fearch, within three or four hours, 
there was no fuch thing to be feen. There was 
alfb an Account of other People whom this Wo- 
man had Afflifted, And there might have been 
many more, if they had been enquired for. But 
there was no need of them.** 

14. There was one very (Irangc thing more, 
1j^. with which the Court was newly entertained. As 

this Woman was under a guard, palling by the 

®* This Evidence has been re- contradidt thcmfclves, not knowing 

ferrcd to in a previous Note. what to fay and hardly what was 

^2 It was no difficult matter, du- (aid to them. Refpefling the Jury 

4 ring a long and tedious Examina- of Women, who fcarched her, the 

tion, ib to bewilder and confound Reader may confult the Reeorxls, if 

Perfons of firmer nerves than an his Patience is equal to his Curi- 

aged Matron, and thus make them oiity. 

[125] Sufanna Martin's IndsEiment. 89 

great and fpacious Meeting Houfe of Salem^ fhe 
gave a look towards the Houfe ; and immediately 
a Damon invifibly entring the Meeting Houfe, 
Tore down a part of it ; fo that tho there were 
no perfon to be feen there, yet the People at the 
Noife ru nnin g in, found a board which was 
ftronglyTaftened with feveral Nails, tranfported 
unto another quarter of the Houfe.^3 

The IndiEiment of Sufanna Martin.*^ 

Eflex ff. Anno Regni Regis ^ Regina Willieimi y Mfiriie, nunc 

Anglia, i^c, quarto, — 

THE Jurors for our Soveraign Lord and Lady 
the King and Queen, prefent. That Sufanna 
Martin of Amejbury in the County of EJfex^ Wi- 
dow, The fecond Day of May^ in the fourth Year 
of the Reign of our Soveraign Lord and Lady 
William and Mary^ by the Grace of God, of 
England, Scotland, France and Ireland, King and 
Queen, Defenders of the faith, &c. And divers 
other days and times, as well before as after, 
certain deteftable Arts, called Witchcrafts, and 
Sorceries, Wickedly and Fellonioufly hath ufed, 
pradlifed, and exercifed, at and within the Town- 
fhip of Salem, in the County of EJfex aforefaid, 

83 It would be much more fatif- was at work there, it can hardly be 

fadory if the matter of the Dae- faid to amount to much. Befides, 

mon had been well attefted. If a if the Devil had had any ill will to- 

Noife, and the Tranfporiation of " wards the Meeting Houfe, he could 

that Board is all the Evidence that eafily have fct fire to it. His Enmity 

could be adduced that the Devil to M. Houfes is generally admitted. 


90 Sufanna Martin's Tryal. [126] 

in, upon, and againft one Mary Wolcott of Salem- 
Village, in the County of EJfex^ Single- Woman, 
by which faid wicked Arts the faid Mary Wol- 
cott ^ the Second Day [126] of May^ in the fourth 
Year aforefaid, and at divers other days and times, 
as well before as after, was and is Tortured, Af- 
fliftcd. Pined, Confumed, Wafted and Tormented ; 
as alfo for fundry other Adls of Witchcraft, by 
faid Sufanna Martin^ committed and done before 
and fince that time, againft the Peace of our Sov- 
eraign Lord and Lady, William and Mary^ King 
and Queen of England; Their Crown and Dig- 
nity, and againft the Form of the Statute, in that 
Cafe made and provided. 

Returned by the Grand- Jury, Billa Vera. 

Witneflbs — Sarah Fibber^ Mary Wolcott y Mr. 
Samuel P arris y Elizabeth Hub bar a, Mercy Lewis. 

The Second IndiftmentK was for afflifting 
Mercy Lewis. Witnefles — Samuel Parris^ Ann 
Putnam^ Sarah Vibber, Elizabeth Hubbard^ Mary 
Wolcott y Mercy Lewis. 

''^ This fccondlndidlmcnt is given fee Records of Salem Witchcrafts 
in full in the Records, for which Vol. i, 195-6. 

[i26] Sufanna Martin's Tryal. 91 

The Trial of Sufanna Martin^ yune 29, 
1692 . As is Printed, in Wonders of the 
Invifible Worlds from p. 114. top. 116. 

I. Q^USANNA Martin, pleading net Guilty, 

O to the Indictment of Witchcrafts brought 
in againft her ; there were produced the Eviden- 
ces of many persons very fenfibly and grievoufly 
bewitched ; who all complained of the Prifoner 
at the Bar, as the perfon whom they believed the 
caufe of their Miferies. And now as well as in 
the other Trials, there was an extraordinary en- 
deavour by Witchcrafts, with cruel and frequent 
Fits, to hinder the poor Sufferers, from giving in 
their Complaints; which the Court was forced 
with much patience to obtain, by much waiting 
and watching for it. 

There was now alfo an Account given, of what 
had pafled at her firft Examination before the 
Magiftrates. The caft of her Eye then ftriking 
the Afflidled People to the Ground, whether they 
faw that caft or no : There wxre thefe among 
other Paflages between the Magiftrates and the 

Magijirate. Pray, what ails thefe People ? 

Martin. I don't know. 

Magiji. But, What do you think ails them ? 

Martin. I don't defire to fpend my Judgment 
upon it. 

Magiji. Don't you think they are bewitched ? 

92 Sufanna Martin's Tryal. [127] 

Martin. No, I do not think they are. 

Magiji. Tell us your thoughts about them 

Martin. No, my thoughts are my own when 
they are in, but when they are out, they are ano- 
thers. Their Matter — 

Magiji. Their Mafter ; Who do you think is 
their Mafter ? 

Martin. If they be dealing in the black Art, 
you may know as well as I. 

[ 1 27 J Magiji. Well, what have you done to- 
wards this ? 

Martin. Nothing at all. 

Magiji. Why, 'tis you or your appearance. 

Martin. I can't help it. 

Magiji. Is it not your Mafter ? How comes 
your appearance to hurt thefe ? 

Martin. How do I know ? He that appeared 
in the fliape of Samuely a Glorified Saint may ap- 
pear in any ones fliape. 

It was then alfo noted in her, as in others like 
her, that if the Afflifted went to approach her, 
they were flung down to the ground. And, when 
flie was afked the reafon of it, flie faid, I cannot 
tell, it may be, the Devil bears me more Malice 
than another. — 

The Court accounted themfelves Alarm'd by 
thefe things, to inquire further into the Conver- 
fation of the Prifoner ; and fee what there might 
occur, to render thefe Accufations further credi- 

[127] Sufanna Martin's Tryal. 93 

ble.* Whereupon John Alleriy of Salijbury tefti- 
fied, that he refufing, becaufe of the weaknefs of 
his Oxen, to Cart fome Staves at the requeft of 
this Martin^ fhe was difpleafed at it, and faid, // 
had been as good that he had ; for his Oxen Jhould 
never do him much more fervice. Whereupon this 
Deponent faid, Dofi thou threaten me, thou old 
Witch ? ril throw thee into the Brook : which to 
avoid, fhe flew over the Bridge and efcaped. 
But as he was going home, one of his Oxen tired, 
fo that he was forced to unyoke him, that he 
might get him home. He then put his Oxen 
with many more, upon Sa/ijiury- Beach, where 
Cattle did ufe to get Flefli. In a few Days, all 
the Oxen upon the Beach were found by their 
Tracks, to have run unto the mouth of Merri- 
mack- River and not returned ; but the next day 
they were found come afhore upon Plum-IJland. 
They that fought them, ufed all imaginable gen- 
tlenefs, but they would ftill run away with a 
violence, that feemed wholly Diabolical, till they 
came near the mouth of Merrimac k- River ; when 
they ran right into the Sea, fwimming as far as 
they could be feen. One of them then fwam 
back again, with a fwiftnefs amazing to the be- 
holders, who ftood ready to receive them, and 
help up his tired Carcafs : but the Beaft ran furi- 
oufly up into the Ifland, and from thence thorough 
the Marifhes, up into Newbury Town, and fo up 

» The Above is but a very fmall by the Records. See Wonders of 
Pari of the Examination, as appears the Invifible World, Vol. I, P. 175. 

94 Sufanna Martin's T^ryal. [128] 

into the Woods ; and there after a while found near 
Amejbury. So that of Fourteen good Oxen, 
there was only this faved : the reft were all caft 
up, fome in one place, and fome in another, 

4, John Atkinfon teftified, that he exchanged a 
Cow, with a Son of Sufanna Martins^ whereat 
fhe muttered, and was unwilling he fhould have 
it. Going to receive this Cow, tho he Ham- 
ftring'd her, and halter'd her, fhe of a tame Crea- 
ture grew fo mad, that they could fcarce get her 
along. She broke all the Ropes that were fatt- 
ened unto her, and tho flie was tied [128] faft 
unto a Tree, yet fhe made her efcape, and gave 
them fuch further trouble, as they could afcribe 
to no caufe but Witchcraft.*^ 

5. Bernard Peache teftified that being in Bed, 
on a Lords Day Night, he heard a fcrabbling at 
the Window, whereat he then faw Sufanna Martin 
come in, and jump down upon the floor. She 
took hold of this Deponents Feet, and drawing 
his body up into an heap, fhe lay upon him near 
two hours ; in all whicn time he could neither 
fpeak nor ftir. At length when he could begin 
to move he laid hold on her hand, and pulling it 
up to his mouth, he bit three of her Fingers as 
he judged to the Bone. Whereupon fhe went 

6^ Lieut, John Allen was of Salif- ^® The Witnefs, John Atkinfon, 

bury; and his Age 45. The Ac- was aged about 56 Years. His 

cufed troubled him at fome previous Evidence related to Matters of fome 

Period, but the Time he does not five Years paft. See Wonders of 

ftaic. Invifibk Worid.Yol I, Page 178. 

[i25] Sufanna Martin's Tryal. 95 

from the Chamber down the Stairs, out at the 
door. This Deponent thereupon called unto the. 
people of the Houfe to advife them of what 
pafled; and he himfelf did follow her. The Peo- 
ple faw her not ; but there being a Bucket at the 
Left hand of the door, there was a drop of Blood 
on it ; and feveral more drops of Blood upon the 
Snow, newly fallen abroad. There was likewife 
the print of her two Feet, juft without the 
Threftiold ; but no more fign of any footing fur- 
ther ofF.«7 

At another time this Deponent was defired by 
the Prifoner, to come unto a hulking of Corn, at 
her Houfe ; and fhe faid. If he dtd not comCy it 
were better that he did! He went not; but the 
night following, Sufanna Martin^ as he judged, 
and another came towards him. One of them 
faid, here he is! but he, having a QuarterftafF, 
made a blow at them. The Roof of the Barn 
broke his blow ; but following them to the Win- 
dow, he made another blow at them, and ftruck 
them down ; yet they got up, and got out, and 
he faw no more of them. 

About this time, there was a Rumour about 
the Town, that Martin had a broken head ; but 
the Deponent could fay nothing t6 that. 

The faid Peache alfo teftified, the bewitching 
of Cattle to Death, upon Martin's difcontents. 

P7 Peachc's Evidence was of at the Time of the Witchcraft 
Troubles of about ten Years before, complained of, he lived with Wil- 
He faid his Age was about 42 ; and liam Ofgood, of Salifbury. 

96 Sufanna Martin's Tryal. [129] 

6. Robert Downer teftified, that this Prifoner 
being fome years ago profecuted at Court for a 
Witch, he then faid unto her. He believed Jhe was 
a Witch. Whereat fhe being difatisfied, faid, 
That fome Jhe Devil would Jhortly fetch him away ; 
which words were heard by others, as well as 
himfelf ; the night following, as he lay in his 
Bed, there came in at the Window, the likenefs 
of a Cat, which flew upon him, and took faft 
hold of his Throat, lay on him a confiderable 
while, and almoft killed him ; at length he re- 
membered what Sufanna Martin had threatened 
the Day before, and with much ftriving, he 
cried out. Avoid thou the Devil, In the name of 
God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghojl, avoid: 
Whereupon it left him, leaped on the Floor, and 
flew out at the Window. 

And there alfo came in feveral Teftimonies that 
before ever Downer fpoke a word of this Acci- 
dent, Sufanna Martin and her Family had related 
how this Downer had been handled.** 

[129] 7. John Kembal teflified, that Sufanna 
Martin, upon a caufelefs difguft had threatned 
him about a certain Cow of his, that fhe fhould 
never do him any more good, and it came to 
pais accordingly; for foon after the Cow was 
found ftark dead on the dry ground, without any 
Diftemper to be difcerned upon her. Upon 
which he was followed with a ftrange death upon 

® ' Downer's Age was 52, and he fwore to was of Events which hap- 
bclonged 10 Salilbury. What he pcncd "feveral Years ago." 

[129] Sufanna Martin's T^ryal. 97 

more of his Cattle. Whereof he loft in one 
Spring, to the value of 30 /. But the faid "John 
Kembal^ had a further Teftimony to give in 
againft the Prifoner, which was truly admirable. 
Being defirous to furnifh himfelf with a Dog, he 
applied himfelf to buy one of this Martin^ who 
had a Bitch with Whelps in her Houfe, but fhe 
not letting him have his choice; he faid. He 
would fupply himfelf then at one Blezdels. Having 
marked a Puppy which he liked at Blezdels^ he 
met George Martin, the Hufband of the Prifoner 
going by, who a(ked whether he would not have 
one of his Wives Puppy's ; and he anfwered. No. 
The fame Day one Edmund Eliot^^ being at Mar- 
tins Houfe heard George Martin relate where this 
Kembal had been, and what he had faid ; where- 
upon Sufanna Martin reply 'd. If I live Fll give 
him Puppies enough. Within a few days after this, 
Kembal coming out of the Woods, there arofe a 
little black Cloud in the N. W. and Kembal im- 
mediately felt a force upon him, which made him 
not able to avoid running upon the ftumps of 
Trees that were before him, albeit he had a 
broad plain cart way before him ; but tho he had 
his Axe alfo on his Shoulder to endanger him in 
his falls, he could not forbear going out of his 
way to tumble over them. When he came be- 
low the Meeting-Houfe, there appeared unto him 

8® Three Perfons of the Naipc iel, and this Edmund, who was of 
of EUiot arc implicated in the Wiiih Amefbury. The Bofton Eliots were 
Court Proceedings — Andrew, Dan- of this Lineage. 


98 Sufanna Martin's IryaL [129] 

a little thing like a Puppy of a darkifh Colour, and 
it (hot backwards and forwards between his Legs. 
He had the Courage to ufe all poflible endeavours 
of cutting it with his Axe, but he could not hit it ; 
the Puppy gave a jump from him and went, as to 
him it feem'd into tne Ground. Going a little 
further there appeared unto him a black Puppy, 
fomewhat bigger than the Firft, but as black as a 
Coal. It's motions were quicker than thofe of 
his Axe. It . flew at his Belly, and away at his 
Throat, fo over his Shoulders one way, and then 
over his Shoulders another way, his heart now 
began to fail him, and he thought the Dog would 
have tore his Throat out. But he recovered 
himfelf, and called upon God in his diftrefs, and 
naming the name of Jefus Chrift it vanifhed 
away at once. The Deponent fpoke not one 
word of thefe Accidents, for fear of affrighting 
his Wife. But the next morning, Edmund Eliot 
going into Martins houfe, this Woman afked him, 
where Kembal^2& ? He replied, at home a Bed, 
for ought he knew. She returned ; they fay he 
was frighted laft night. Eliot aflced witn what ? 
She anfwered with Puppies. Eliot aflced, where 
fhe heard of it, for he had heard nothing of it ! 
She rejoined, about the Town. Altho* Kembal 
had mentioned the matter to no creature living.^ 

*^" John Kimball was of Amef- bury, having bought Piece of 

bury, and was " aged 45 or vp- Land of Geo. Mardn. The Tef- 

ward." His fwearing was to Oc- timony of Kimball occupies three 

currencies of twenty-three Years and an half Pages of the Rec^rds^ 

(landing; that about that Time he i, 218-21. He prol^ably married 

removed from Newbury to Amef- Mary Hobbs, in Newbury. 

[130] Sufanna Martin's Tryal. 99 

[130] 8. William Brown teftified, that Heaven 
having bleff'd him with a moft Pious and Prudent 
Wife, this Wife of his, one day met with Sufanna 
Martin: but when fhe approached juft unto 
her, Martin vanilhed out of fight, and left her 
extreamly affrighted. After which time the faid 
Martin often appeared unto her, giving her no 
little trouble ; and when fhe did come, fhe was 
vifited with Birds that forely peeked and prick'd 
her ; and fometimes a bunch like a Pullets Egg 
would rife on her Throat, ready to choak her, till 
fhe cry'd out, Witch, you Jhan't choak me! While 
this good Woman was in this Extremity, the 
Church appointed a Day of Prayer on her be- 
half; whereupon the trouble ceaf'd; fhe faw not 
Martin as formerly; and the Church inftead of 
their Fafl, gave thanks for her deliverance. But 
a confiderable while after, fhe being fummoned 
to give in fome Evidence at the Court, againfl 
this Martin, quickly this Martin came behind 
her, while fhe was Milking her Cow, and faid 
unto her. For thy defaming me at Court, Fll make 
thee the miferablejl Creature in the World. Soon 
after which fhe fell into a ftrange kind of Dif- 
temper, and became horribly Frantick, and un- 
capable of any Reafonable Adlion, the Phyficians 
declaring, that her Diftemper was preternatural, 
and that fome Devil had certainly bewitched her ; 
and in that condition fhe now remained.^* 

®i This Tcftimony was by Wil- Age was 70 Years, or " thcr about." 
liam Browne, of Amclbury, whofe What he fwore to happened, he 

lOO Sufanna Martin's TryaL [130] 

9. Sarah Atkinfon teftified, that Sufanna Mar^ 
tin came from Amejbury^ to their Houfe at New- 
bury j in an extraordinary Seafon, when it was not 
fit for any one to Travel. She came (as fhe faid 
unto Atkinfon) all that long way on foot. She 
bragg'd and fhow'd how dry fhe was ; nor could 
it be perceived that fo much as the Soles of her 
Shoes were wet. Atkinfon was amazed at it, and 
profefled, that fhe fhould herfelf have been wet 
up to the Knees, if fhe had then come fo far; 
but Martin reply 'd, She f corned to be drabbled! 
It was noted that this Teftimony upon her Tryal, 
cafl her into a very Angular confufion.'* 

10. yohn Prejfy teflified, that being one Eve- 
ning very unaccountably bewildred near a Field 
of Martin^ and feveral times ^s one under an En- 
chantment, returning to the place he had left, at 
length he faw a Marvellous light, about the big- 
nefs of an half Bufhel, near two Rood out of the 
way. He went and flruck at it with a Stick, and 
laid it on with all his might. He gave it near 
Forty blows; and felt it a palpable fubflance. 

faid "about on or to and thirty 
Years ago." The Trouble feems 
to have been between Mrs. Martin, 
and Browne's Wife, who was af- 
flicted with hyfteric Fits: iiffomuch 
that fhe was infane. He had ap- 
plied to Doctors Fuller' and Crofby, 
but they faid her Complaint was 
fupernaturaly and that fome evil 
Perfbn had bewitched her. When 
in this State fhe would n(U own 
him for her Hufband, and ** afked 

him whether he did not mett with 
one Mr. Bent of Abey in England 
by whom he was divorced." — Re- 
cords 5. ^, i, 206-8. 

0^ Sarah Atkinfon was probably 
the Wife of John Atkinfon, men- 
tioned at Note 86. The " An- 
gular Confufion " sfppears to have 
been gratuitoufly thrown in by Dr. 
Mather. It is not in the Record. 
Her Age is given as 48 Years, or 

[131] Sufanna Martin's TryaL ... loi 

• • • 

But going from it, his heels were ftrucl^.-thpj and 
he was laid with his back on the ground ;*'5i(}ing 
as he thought into a Pit : from whence h'ef-rp^ 
covered, by taking hold on the Bu(h ; altho after.--'- 
wards he could find no fuch Pit in the place:;! 
Having after his recovery, gone five or fix Rood, 
he faw Sufanna Martin ftanding on his Left hand, 
as the Light had done before ; but they changed 
no words with one another. He could fcarce 
find his Houfe in his return ; but at length he 
got home, extreamly af [ 131 ] frighted. The next 
Day it was upon enquiry underftood, that Martin 
was in a miferable condition by pains and hurts 
that were upon her. 

It was fiirther teftified by this Deponent, that 
after he had given in fome Evidence againft Su- 
fanna Martin many Years ago, flie gave him foul 
words about it, and faid, He Jhould never prof per ^ 
more particular ly^ that he jhould never have more 
than two Cows : that tho he were never fo likely to 
hofue more^ yet he Jhould never have them. And 
that from that very day to this; namely for 
Twenty Years together, he could never exceed 
that number; but fome ftrange thing or other 
ftill prevented his having of any more.93 

1 1 . Jfirvis Ring teftified that about Seven Years 
ago he was oftentimes grievoufly opprefl!ed in the 

^3 John Prefly, aged 53, and vious, this John Prefly and Wife 

'' Marah his Wif aged 46 or ther had teftified againft Mrs. Martin, 

abouts." It comes out in this Evi- and that fhe had accufed them of 

dence, but is not mentioned by taking a falfe Oath. Such was the 

Mather, that at fome 20 Years pre- Origin of much of the Teftimony. 

I02 .. Sufanna Martin's Tryal. [131] 

Night-^..&at faw not who troubled him, until at 
laft.Kfe'lying perfedtly awake, plainly faw Sufanna 
J\fak/hi approach him. She came to him and 

.forcibly bit him by the Finger; fo that the print 

S>f the bite is now fo long after to be feen upon 


1 2. But befides all thefe Evidences, there was 
a moft wonderful Account of one Jo/epA Ring 

, produced on this occafion. This Man has been 
ftrangely carried about by Damons. From one 
Witch-meeting to another, for near two Years 
together ; and for one quarter of this time they 
made him and kept him Dumb, though he is 
now again able to fpeak. There was one T. H.^ 
who having, as *tis judged, a defign of Engaging 
this JoJepA Ring in a fnare of Devilifm, contrived 
a while, to bring this Ring two Shillings in Debt 
unto him. Afterwards this poor Man would be 
vifited with unknown fliapes, and this T. H. 
fometimes among them ; wnich would force him 
away with them, unto unknown places, where he 
faw Meetings, Feaftings, Dancings ; and after his 
return wherein they hurried him along thro the 
Air, he gave demonftrations to the Neighbours, 
that he had indeed been fo tranfported. When 
he was brought unto thefe hellifh meetings, one 
of the firft things they ftill did unto him, was to 
give him a knock on the back, whereupon he 
was ever as if bound with Chains, uncapable of 

^* Thomas Hardy of Greatlfland, ceals his Name, except by the Ini- 
at Pafcatequay. Why Mather con- tials, is not known. 

[132] Sufanna Martin's Tryal. 103 

ftirring out of the place, till they (hould releafe 
him. He related, that there often came to him 
a Man, who prefented him a Book, whereto he 
would have him fet his hand ; promifing to him 
that he (hould then have even what he would ; 
and prefenting him with all the delegable things, 

Eerfons, and places, that he could imagine. But 
e refufing to fubfcribe, the bufinefs would end 
with dreadful (hapes, noifes and fcreeches, which 
almoft feared him out of his wits. Once with a 
Book, there was a Pen offered him, and an Ink- 
horn, with liquor in it, that feem*d like Blood : 
but he never touched it.95 

This Man did now affirm, that he faw the 
Prifoner at feveral of thofe hellifli Randezvouzes. 
[132] Note — This Woman was one of the 
moft Impudent, Scurrilous, wicked Creature in 
the World; and fhe did now throughout her 
whole Tryal, difcover herfelf to be fuch an one. 
Yet when fhe was afked what (he had to fay for 
herfelf, her chief plea was, that (he had led a 
moft vertuous and holy life. 

•* Jarvis Ring's Cafe could have pares very well with that of the 

been nothing but one of Nightmare. Girls and other Mifcreants, fore- 

Jofcph Ring, brother of Jarvis, was gone. The Teftimonies of the 

27 years of Agp. They belonged Amefbury Accufers were taken bc- 

to Saliftury. His Evidence com- fore ** Robert Pike, JJ/t/iJ' 

I04 IncliS^ment of ElizzhGthHow. [132] 

The Indictment of Elizabeth How. 

EJfex fll Anno Begni Regis W Regitue Wiliiemi l£ Mnriit^ nunc 

Angii€e, lie, quarto, — 

THE Jurors for our Soveraign Lord and Lady, 
the King and Queen prefent. That Eliza- 
beth HoWy Wife of James How of Ipfwichy the 
Thirty firft Day of May^ in the Fourth Year of 
the Reign of our Soveraign Lord and Lady, Wil~ 
Ham and Mary^ by the Grace of God, of England^ 
Scotland^ France^ and Ireland^ King and Queen, 
Defenders of the Faith, &c. and divers other 
days and times, as well before as after, certain 
deteftable Arts, called Witchcrafts and Sorceries, 
wickedly and Fellonioufly hath ufed, pradliced, and 
exercifed at, and within the Townfhip of Salemy in 
the County of EJfex aforefaid, in, upon, and againft 
one Mary Wolcotty of 5tf/?w- Village, in the County 
aforefaid, fingle Woman ; by which faid wicked 
Arts, the faid Mary Wolcott, the faid Thirty firft 
Day of Mayy in the Fourth Year as abovefaid,. 
and divers other days and times, as well before as 
after, was and is Tortured, Afflidled, Pined, Con- 
fumed, Wafted and Tormented ; and alfo for ftm- 
dry other Adls of Witchcrafts, by faid Elizabeth 
How ; committed and done before and fince that 
time, againft the Peace of our Sovereign Lord 
and Lady, the King and Queen, and againft the 
form of the Statue, in that cafe made and pro- 

[133] Elizabeth How's TryaL 105 

Witneffes — Mary Wolcott, Ann Putnam^ Abi- 
gail Williams^ Samuel Pearly^ and his Wife Rutb^ 
yofeph Andrews^ and Wife Sarah^ J^^^ Sherrin^ 
Jofeph Saffordj Francis LanCy Lydia Fofter^ Ifaac 
Cummins^ Junior. 

There was alfo a fecond Indidlment for afflidl- 
ing of Mercy Lewis. 

Witneffes — Mercy Lewis ^ Mary Wolcottj Abi- 
gail Williams^ Ann Putnam^ Samuel Pearly and 
Wife, yofeph Andrews and Wife, John Sherrin^ 
Jofeph Saffordy Francis Lane^ Lydia Fojler. 

[133] The Tryal of Elizabeth How,^^ June 
30, 1692. As is Printed In Wonders of 
the Invijible Worlds from P. 126 to P. 
132, inclufively. 

I. T?LIZABETH How, pleading, not Guilty 
-t/ to the Indidlment of Witchcrafts, then 
charged upon her ; the Court, according to the 
ufual proceeding of the Courts in England; in 
fuch Cafes, began with hearing the Depofition of 
feveral Afflidled People, who were grievoufly 
tormented by fenfible and evident Witchcrafts, 

^^ The Indiftmcnt docs not ap- that Town. Ephraim Wildes was 

pear in the Records, probably for the Conftabic who apprehended her. 

the Rcaibn that it had been given Her Examination was on the 30th 

to or taken by Dr. Mather, and of May, 1692, occupies two Pages, 

never relumed. Mrs. How was of and was taken down by Mr. "Sam. 

Topsfield, Wife of James How of Parris.*' 


io6 Elizabeth How's Tryal. [133] 

and all complained of the Prifoner, as the caufe 
of their trouble. It was alfo found that the 
Suffers were not able to bear her look, as like- 
wife, that in their greateft fwoohs, they diftin- 
guifhed her touch from other Peoples, being 
thereby raifed out of them. 

And there was other Teftimony of People to 
whom the (hape of this HoWy gave trouble Nine 
or Ten Years ago.97 

2. It has been a moft ufual thing for the be- 
witched perfons at the fame time that the Spec- 
tres reprefenting the Witches, Troubled them to 
be vifited with Apparitions of Ghofts, pretending 
to have been murdered by the Witches then rep- 
refented. And fometimes the confeflions of the 
Witches afterwards acknowledged thofe very 
Murders, which thefe Apparitions charged upon 
them ; altho they had never heard what Infor- 
mation had been given by the Sufferers. 

There was fuch Apparitions of Ghofts teftified 
by fome of the prefent Sufferers, and the Ghofts 
affirmed that this How had murdered them : 
which things were fear'd, but not proved.^^ 

®^ The Author has not taken up ihey did not in the leaft criminate 

the rcfpeftive Parties who gave Evi- Mrs How; nor did they pretend 

dence. Among others, no Notice that they had feen any Thing like 

is taken of that of two Minifters, Witchcraft. 

namely, Mr. Samuel Phillips and "^ They were not only not proved, 

Mr. Edward Payfon, both of Row- but there are no Teftimonies rc- 

Icy. Mr. Phillips ga\e his Age as corded containing ihefe Ghoft Sto- 

about 67. Mr. Paijon did not ries. The following Witnefles are 

ftate his. Their Tcftimonics were not noticed by Dr. Mather, viz. : 

pafTed over undoubtedly becaufe Samuel Perley, aged about 92, and 

[133] Elizabeth How's Tryal. 107 

3. This How had made fome attempts of Join- 
ing to the Church at Ipfwichy feveral Years ago ; 
but (he was denied an Admiffion into that holy 
Society, partly thro a fufpicion of Witchcraft, 
then urged againft her. And there now came 
in Teftimony of preternatural Mifchiefs, prefently 
befalling fome that had been Inftrumental to de^ 
bar her from the Communion whereupon (he was 

his Wife about 46. Deborah Had- 
Icy, aged about 70 Years ; had lived 
near Elizabeth How (" ye Wife of 
James How, Jr. of Ipfwich 24 
year.") She gave her a good Cha- 
rafter. Mrs. Hadley teftificd on 
the 24ih cf June. The next Day 
Daniel Warner, Sen. gave in his 
Teftimony. It was of the fame 
tenor of Mrs. Hadley's. John 
Warner, Sen'', alfo figncd the fame 
Evidence. They had been well 
acquainted with Mrs. How " aboue 
20 yeers." So Simon Chapman 
and his Wife teftified. Simon gave 
his Age as about 48 — "hath ben 
aquainted with the Wiucf of James 
How, iun^ as a Naybar for this 9 
or 10 Vers ;'* never knew any harm 
of her, and " found hur jouft in 
hur delling, fayihfooll,'* &c. 

^^ Againft fuch gratuitous, and to 
fay the leaft, hearfay Teftimony, 
the Doftor ftiould, in fairnefs, have 
noticed fuch Evidence as that re- 
ferred to in the laft Note. A few 
others muft not be overlooked. 
Jofeph Knowlton ftated that he had 
been acquainted with Mrs. How, 
as a Neighbor, and fometimes 

boarded in the Houfe at his firft 
coming to live in thcfc Parts, which 
was about ten Years ago. He and 
his Wife Mary both gave her a 
good Cliarader. His Age was 
'* forty tu," and his Wife's "thurty- 

James How, Sen., aged about 94, 
teftified that he had lived by Eliza- 
beth, the Wife of James How, 
Jun^ for about thirty Years; and, 
" fctting a fide humain Infurmity," 
(he always behaved well, becoming 
her Place as a Daughter and Wife 
in all Relations. 

Refpeding the Church Difficulty, 
referred to in the Text, one Jacob 
Fofter, aged about 29, fworc, that 
'* fome Years agoe," as Goodwife 
How was about to join the Church, 
his Father was a Means of prevent- 
ing it. Whereupon his Mare was 
loft for feveral Days. When found 
(he looked as if fhe had been mif- 
erably beaten and abufed. Sworn 
June 30th, 1692. Thomas An- 
drews of Boxford, aged about 50, 
told a more ridiculous Story about 
a Mare, belonging to Jofiah Com- 
ings, Sen' of Topsfield. 

io8 Elizabeth How's TryaL [134] 

4. There was a particular Depofition of Jofeph 
Sqfford^ that his Wife had conceived an extream 
Averfion, to this HoWy on the reports of her 
Witchcrafts ; but How one day taking her by the 
hand, and faying, / believe you are not Ignorant of 
the great fcandaly that I lye under y by an Evil re- 
port raifed upon me. She immediately, urirea- 
fonably, and unperfwadeably, even like one In- 
chanted, began to take this Womans part. How 
being foon after propounded, as defiring an Ad- 
miffion to the Table of the Lord, fome of the 
Pious Brethren were unfatisfied about her. The 
Elders appointed a meeting to hear matters ob- 
jedled againft her; and no arguments in the 
World could hinder this Goodwife Safford from 
going to the Ledlure. She did indeed promife 
with much ado that (he would not go to the 
Church -meeting ; yet (he could not refrain going 
thither alfo. [ 1 34] How\ affairs there were fo can- 
vaiTed, that fhe came off rather Guilty, than cleared ; 
neverthelels Goodwife Safford could not forbear 
taking her by the Hand, and faying, Tho you are 
condemned before Men^you are jujlified before God. 
She was quickly taken in a very ftrange manner ; 
Fran tick. Raving, Raging, and crying out. Goody 
How mufi come into the Church ; jhe is a precious 
Saint y and tho' Jhe be condemned before Men^ Jhe is 
jujlified before God. So (he continued for the 
fpace of two or three hours ; and then fell into 
a Trance. But coming to herfelf, (he cried out. 
Ha! I was mifiaken! afterwards again repeated. 

[134] Elizabeth How's Tryal. 109 

Ha! I was mijiaken! being afked by a ftander 
by. Wherein ? (he replied, / thought Goody How 
bad been a precious Saint of God^ but now Ifee fl^e 
is a Witch : jhe has bewitched me and my Child^ and 
we Jhall never be welly till there be Tejlimony for 
hcTy that Jhe may be taken into the Church.^'''' 

And How faid afterwards, That Jloe was very 

forry to fee SafFord at the Church-meeting mentioned. 

Safford 2ihtv this, declared herfelf to be AffliSied by 

the Jhape ^How, and from that Jh ape Jhe endured 

many miferies. 

5. John HoWy Brother to the Hufband of the 
Prifoner teftified that he refufing to accompany 
the Prifoner unto her Examination as was by her 
defired, immediately fome of his Cattle, were 
bewitched to Death, leaping Three or four Foot 
high, turning about, fqueaking, falling and dying 
at once ; and going to cut off an Ear, for an ufe, 
that might as well perhaps have been omitted, 
the Hand wherein he held his Knife was taken 
very Numb ; and fo it remained, and full of pain 
for feveral Days; being not well at this very 
time. And he fufpedled this Prifoner, for the 
Author of it.'°' 

6. Nehemiah Abbot teftified, that unufual and 
mifchievous accidents would befall his Cattle, 
whenever he had any difference with this Prifoner. 

100 Jofeph Safford gave his Age ftradl of this Teftimony. It was 

about 60, his Sow thai *' leaped up about three 

'"* John How gave his Age as or foure -foot hie," and fell down 

about 50. The Dotlor has made dead. The fqueaking belonged to 

fome wretched Miftakcs in his Ab- the Swine, and not to the Cattle. 

no Elizabeth How's TryaL [135] 

Once particularly (he wiflied his Ox choaked, and 
within a little while, that Ox was choaked With 
a Turnip in his Throat, At another time, re- 
fufing to lend his Horfe, at the requeft of her 
Daughter, the Horfe was in a preternatural man- 
ner abufed. And feveral other odd things of that 
kind were teftified.'°* 

7. There came in Teftimony that one Good- 
wife Sherwin^ upon fome difference with How 
was bewitched, and, that flie died, charging this 
How of having an hand in her Death. And that 
other People had their Barrels of Drink unac- 
countably mifchiev'd, ipoiled, and fpilt upon their 
difpleafing her/°3 

The things in themfelves were trivial; but 
there being fuch a courfe of them, it made them 
the more to be confidered. Among others, Mar- 
tha Wood gave her teftimony, that a little after, 
her Father had been employed in gathering an 
account of this How's Converfation, they once 
and again loft great quantities of Drink, out of 
their Veflels, in fuch a [135] manner, as they* 
could afcribe to nothing but Witchcraft. As alfo 
that How giving her fome Apples, when flie had 
eaten of them, flie was taken with a very ftrange 
kind of a maze, infomuch that flie knew not 
what flie faid or did.'°* 

'"2 1 do not find any Note of '®* I have not noticed Martha 
Nchemiah Abbot's Evidence in the Wood's Evidence among the Re- 
Records, cords. The "great Quantities of 

103 This has reference, perhaps, to Drink " reported loft, was probably 

the Ghoft Stories darkly hinted at by found by fome of the Witneflcs 

the Dr. Mather in a previous Page, already noticed. 

[135] Elizabeth How's Tryal. iii 

8. There was likewife a Clufter of Depofitions, 
that one Ifaac CummingSy refufing to lend his 
Mare, unto the Hufband of this How; the Mare 
was within a Day or two taken in a ftrange con- 
dition. The beaft feemed much abufed; being 
bruifed, as if flie had been running over the 
Rocks, and marked where the Bridle went, as if 
burnt with a red hot Bridle. Moreover one ufing 
a Pipe of Tobacco for the cure of the Beaft, a 
blew flame ifllied out of her, took hold of her 
hair, and not only fpread and burnt on her, but 
it alfo flew upwards towards the Roof of the 
Barn, and had like to have fet the Barn on fire. 
And the Mare dy'd very fuddenly.'°5 

9. Timothy Perly and his Wife, teftified, not 
only that unaccountable Mifchiefs befel their 
Cattle, upon their having of diflFerences with this 
Prifoner ; but alfo that they had a Daughter de- 
ftroyed by Witchcrafts; which Daughter ftill 
charged How^ as the caufe of her Afflidlion ; and 
it was noted that (he would be ftruck down, 
whenever How were fpoken of. She was often 
endeavoured to be thrown into the Fire, and into 
the Water, in her ftrange Fitts ; tho her Father 
had corredled, for charging How with bewitching 
her, yet (as was teftified by others alfo) (he faid 
(he was fure of it, and muft dye ftanding to it. 
Accordingly (he charged How to the very death ; 

!«•'» Cummin's Tcftimony occu- Chriflian Name was miflaken by 
pies above two folid Pages. His Mather, being Ifaac inllead of ]o* 
Age was about fixty Years. His fiah, as appears by the Records. 

112 Elizabeth How's TryaL [135] 

and faid, Tho How could AjffliSi and Torfnent her 
Body^ yet Jhe could not hurt her Soul, and that the 
truth of this matter would appear when jhe jhould 
be dead and gone .^""^ 

I o. Francis Lane teftified, that being hired by 
the Hufband of this How to get him a parcel of 
Pofts and Rails, this hane hired John Pearly to 
affift him. This Prifoner then told Lane that (he 
believed the Pofts and Rails would not do, becaufe 
John Pearly helped him ; but that if he had got 
them alone without John Pearlfs help, they 
might have done well enough. When James 
How came to receive his Pofts and Rails of Lane^ 
How taking them up by the Ends, they, tho good 
and found yet unaccountably broke off, fo that Lane 
was forced to get Thirty or Forty more. And 
this Prifoner being informed of it, flie faid, She 
told him fo before: becaufe Pearly helped about 

II. Afterwards there came in the Confeflions 
of feveral other (penitent) Witches, which affirmed 
this How to be one of thofe who with them had 
been baptized by the Devil in the River, at New- 
berry-Falls : before which he made them there 

'*^^' Timothy P^r/<fy and his Wife about 27, and faid that the Time 

Deborah teftified, June ift, 1692, the Witches afflifted the Rails was 

that he was about 39 Years of Age, about *' feauen " Years ago, and 

and his Wife about 33. The Ab- makes a long Story out of it; but 

ftraft above is exceedingly defec- it is of a Piece with moft of the 

tivc. See the Records, ii, 73-4. Evidence. Lane's Parentage has 

n 7 Francis Lane gave his Age as not been traced. 

[136] Martha Carry er's IndiEiment. 113 

kneel down by the Brink of the River, and 
Worfliip him.'°» 

[136] The IndiEiment ^Martha Carryer/^^ 

Eflcx (T. Anno Regni Begis tff Regime Wilielmi tsf Maria ^ nunc 

Anglia^ tfff. quarto, — 

THE Jurors for our Soveraign Lord and Lady 
the King and Queen, prefent, That Martha 
Carry eVy Wife of Thomas Carry er of Andover^ in 
the County of EJfex^ Hufbandman, The Thirty 
firft Day of May^ in the fourth Year of the Reign 
of our Soveraign Lord and Lady William and 
Mary^ by the Grace of God, of England^ Scotland^ 
France and Ireland^ King and Queen, Defenders 
of the Faith, &c. And divers other days and 
times, as well before as after, certain deteftable 
Arts, called Witchcrafts, and Sorceries, Wickedly 
and Fellonioufly hath ufed, pradtifed, and exer- 
cifed, at and within the Townfliip of Salem^ in 

108 They affirmed that many of vation ; and to ufe their ulmoft 

ihofe wretched Souls had been Bap- Endeavours to oppofe the Kingdom 

tized at Newberry Falls; and at of CHRIST, and to fct up and 

fevcral other Rivers and Ponds; advocate the Kingdom of Satan.^-" 

and as to the Manner of Adminif- Lawfon, Second Edition, 118. Sec, 

tration, the Great Officer of Hell alfo, Vol. I, Page 102-3. 
took them up by the Body, and i'*-' Complaint was made againft 

putting their Heads into the Water, Manha Carrier on the zSih of May, 

(aid over them, Thou art mine, by Jofeph Houlton and John Wall- 

and I have full Power over the: cott, both of Salem. John Ballard, 

And thereupon they engaged and Conllablc, arrelled her. John Bay- 

covenanted to renounce GOD, ley, Affiftant Conftable of Andover, 

CHRIST, their /acred Baptifm, fummoncd the Witneflls. See Re- 

and the whole Way of Go/pel Sal- cords S. H^. ii, 54, 55, &c. 


114 Martha Carryer's Tryal. [136] 

the County of EJfex aforefaid, in, upon, and 
againft one Mary Wolcott of aS^^/^?;;/- Village, Single 
Woman, in the County of BJfex aforefaid ; by 
which faid wicked Arts the faid Mary Wolcott^ 
the Thirty firft Day of May^ in the fourth Year 
aforefaid, and at divers other days "and times, as 
well before as after, was and is Tortured, Af- 
flidted. Pined, Confumed, Wafted and Tormented ; 
againft the Peace of our Soveraign Lord and Lady, 
William and Mary, King and Queen of England; 
their Crown and Dignity, and againft the Form 
of the Statute, in that Cafe made and provided. 

Witnefl'es — Mary Wolcott^ Elizabeth Hubbard, 
Ann Putnam. 

There was alfo a Second Indictment for afilidt- 
ing Elizabeth Hubbard, by Witchcraft. Wit- 
nefl!es — Elizabeth Hubbard, Mary Wolcott, Ann 
Putnam, Mary Warrin. 

The Trial of Martha Carryer^ Auguft 2, 
1692. As may be feen in Wonders of 
the Invijible Worlds from P. 132, to 

I. '\/f Artha Carry er was indidted for the be- 
1 V A witching of certain perfons according to 
the form ufual in fuch Cafes : Pleading not Guilty 
to her Indidlment ; there were 'firft brought in a 
confiderable number of the Bewitched perfons; 

[137] Martha Carryer's Tryal. 115 

who not only made the Court fenfible of an hor- 
rid Witchcraft committed upon them, but alfo 
depofed. That it was Martha Carryer^ or her 
(hape, that grievoufly tormented them by biting, 
pricking, pinching and choaking them. • It was 
further depofed that while this Carryer was on 
her Examination before the Magiftrates, the poor 
People were fo tortured, that every one expedled 
their Death upon the very fpot ; but that upon 
the binding of Carryer they were eafed. [137] 
Moreover the looks of Carryer then laid the 
Afflidled People for dead, and her Touch, if her 
Eyes at the fame time were off them, raifed them 
again. Which things were alfo now feen upon 
her Tryal. And it was teftified, that upon the 
mention of fome having their Necks twifted al- 
moft round by the (hape of this Carryer^ flie 
replied. Its no matter^ tho their Necks had been 
twijied quite ^^"° 

2. Before the Tryal of this Prifoner, feveral 
of her own Children had frankly and fully con- 
fefled not only that they were Witches them- 
felves, but that this their Mother had made them 
fo. This confeffion they made with great fliovvs 
of Repentance, and with much Demonftration of 
Truth. They related Place,Time, Occafion ; they 
gave an Account of Journeys, Meetings, and Mif- 
chiefs by them performed ; aftd were very credi- 

**° Martha Carrier underwent in the Hand of Mr. Samuel Parris. 
the ufual Examination, which occu- The above is but a very unfaiisfac- 
pies two Pages, and the Original is tory Abridgement of it. 

1 1 6 Martha Carry er's TryaL [137] 

ble in what they faid. Neverthelefs, this Evidence 
was not produced againft the Prifoner at the Bar, 
in as much as there was other Evidence enough 
to proceed upon/" 

. 3. Benj. Abbot gave in his Teftimony, That laft 
March was a Twelve month, this Carryer was 
very angry with him, upon laying out fome Land 
near her Hufbands. Her expreffions in this 
Anger were. That Jhe would Jiick as clofe to Abbot, 
as the Bark Jluck to the Tree ; and that he Jhould 
repent of it afore /even Tears came to an endyfo as 
DoBor Prefcot Jhould never cure him. Thefe 
words were heard by others, befides Abbot him- 
felf, who alfo heard her fay. She would hold his 
Nofe as clofe to the Grind-Jlone as ever it was held 
Jince his name was Abbot. Prefently after this he 
was taken with a fwelling in his Foot, and then 
with a Pain in his Side, and exceedingly tor- 
mented. It bred unto a Sore, which was lanced 
by Dr. Prefcot ^ and feveral Gallons of Corrup- 
tion ran out of it. For fix Weeks it continued 
very bad; and then another Sore bred in his 
Groin, which was alfo lanced by Dr. Prefcot. 
Another Sore bred in his Groin which was like- 
wife Cut, and put him to very great mifery. He 

" 1 It appears from Lawfon's Ac- Body and Soul. And fome Girls 
count that fuch Accufations were of Eight or Nine Years of Age did 
much heeded. He fays — "Several declare that after they were fo be- 
have confefled againft their own trayed by their Mothers, to the 
Mothers, that they were Inftru- Power of Satan^ they faw the Devil 
ments to bring them into the Dcr- go in their own Jhapes to afflift olh- 
ih Covenant^ to the undoing of their ers." — Page 1 1 8- 1 9. 

[138] Martha Carry er's 7 'ryal. 117 

was brought unto Death's door, and fo remained 
until Carryer was taken and carried away by the 
Conftable. From which very day he began to 
mend, and fo grew better every day, and is well 
ever fince."^ 

Sarah Abbot alfo his Wife teftified, that her 
Hufband was not only all this while Afflidted in 
his Body ; but alfo that ftrange, extraordinary and 
unaccountable calamities befel his Cattle; their 
Death being fuch as they could guefs at no Natural 
Reafon for."3 

4. Allin Toothaker teftified, that Richard the 
Son of Martha Carryer^ having fome difference 
with him, pull'd him down by the Hair of the 
Head, when he rofe again, he was going to ftrike 
at Richard Carryer^ but fell down flat on his back 
to the ground, and had not power to ftir Hand 
or foot, until he told Carryer he yielded ; and 
then he faw the fhape of Martha Carryer^ go off 
his Breaft. 

[138] This Toothaker had received a wound in 
the Wars, and he now teftified, that Martha Car-- 
ryer told him. He Jhall never be cured. Juft 
afore the apprehending of Carryer^ he could thruft 
a Knitting-Needle into his wound four Inches 
deep, but prefently after her being feized, he was 
thoroughly healed. 

• He further teftified, that when Carryer and he 
fometimes were at variance, fhe would clap her 

'12 Benjamin Abbot was of An- ^13 Sarah Abbot gave her Age as 
dover, and his Age was about 31. about 32 Years. 

1 1 8 Martha Carry er's T'ryal. [138] 

Hands at him and fay. He Jhould get nothing by it. 
Whereupon he feveral times loft his Cattle, by 
ftrange Deaths, whereof no natural caufes could 
be given."'^ 

5. John Roger alfo teftified, that upon the 
threatning words of this malicious Carryer^ his 
Cattle would be ftrangely bewitched; as was 
more particularly then defcribed."^ 

6. Samuel Prejion teftified, that about two Years 
ago, having fome difference with Martha Carryer^ 
he loft a Cow in a ftrange, preternatural, unufual 
manner ; and about a Month after this, the faid 
Carryer, having again fome difference with him, 
fhe told him. He had lately loji a Cow, and It Jhould 
not be long before he lojl another ! which accord- 
ingly came to pafs ; for he had a thriving and 
well kept Cow, which without any known caufe 
quickly fell down and died."^ 

7. Phebe . Chandler teftified, that about a Fort- 
night before the Apprehenfion of Martha Car- 
ryer, on a Lords Day, while the Pfalm was finging 
in the Church, this Carryer then took her by the 

*'•* Allen Toothakcr was a young feveral others, was killed at Billcr- 

Man, aged about 22 Years. He ica by the Indians, 
may have received his Wound i'" Samuel Prefton gave his Age 

when the Indians attacked An- as about 41 Years. He fwore he 

dover, as mentioned in an earlier *'loft a Cow in a ftrange Manner." 

Note. T\\2Li flrange Manner, it is evident 

' *^ John Rogers was of Billerica. from his Story, referred to the 

He gave his Age as about 50. His Way in which (he was caft, and 

Teftimony takes up a quarto Page not being able to free herfelf, died, 

in the Records. Three Years later. The freternatura/ and unu/ua/ being 

viz., Auguft 5th, 1695, he, with thrown in by the Doctor. 

[138] Martha Carryer's Tryal. 119 

Shoulder, and fhaking her, afked her. Where Jhe 
lived ? fhe made her no Anfwer, altho as Carryer^ 
who lived next door to her Father's Houfe, could 
not in Reafon but know who fhe was. Quickly 
after this, as fhe was at feveral times croffing the 
Fields fhe heard a Voice that fhe took to be 
Martha Carryers, and it feem'd as if it were over 
her head. The Voice told her, She jhould within 
two or three Days be Poiforid: Accordingly within 
fiich a little time, one half of her Right Hand 
became greatly fwollen and very painful ; as alfo 
part of her Face ; whereof fhe can give no Ac- 
count how it came. It continued very bad for 
fome days ; and feveral times fince fhe has had a 
great pain in her Breaft ; and been fo feized on 
her Legs that fhe has hardly been able to go. 
She added that lately, going well to the Houfe 
of God, Richard the Son of Martha Carryer, 
look'd very earneftly upon her, and immediately 
her Hand which had formerly been Poifoned, as 
is abovefaid, began to pain her greatly, and fhe 
had a flrange burning at her Stomach ; but was 
then flruck deaf, fo that fhe could not hear any 
of the Prayer, or Singing, till the two or three 
lafl words, of the Pfalm."^ 

8. One Fojier^ who confefTed her own fhare in 
the Witchcraft, for which the Prifoner ftood In- 

^'^ It is only ncccflary to ftatc two folid Pages of her Tcftimony are 

that Phebe Chandler was but about in the Records. However, Bridget 

12 Years old, as a Reafon that no Chandler, her Mother, aged 40 

Notice fhould be taken of her Evi- Years, corroborated the Daughter's 

dence ; and not with (landing near Story. 

I20 Martha Carryer's Tryal. [139] 


(lifted, affirmed, that fhe had feen the Prifoner at 
fome of their Witch-meetings, and that it was 
this Carryer^ who perfwaded her to be a Witch. 
She confefled that the Devil carried them on 
139] a Pole to a Witch-meeting, but the Pole 
roice, and fhe hanging about Carryer's Neck, 
they both fell down, and fhe then received an 
hurt by the fall, whereof fhe was not at this very 
time recovered."^ 

9. One Lacy^who likewife confefTed her fhare 
in this Witchcraft, now teftified that fhe and the 
Prifoner, were once bodily prefent, at a Witch- 
meeting in aS^/?/^- Village, and that fhe knew the 
Prifoner to be a Witch, and to have been at a 
Diabolical Sacrament, and that the Prifoner was 
the undoing of her and her Children, by enticing 
them into the Snare of the Devil. "9 

I o. Another Lacyy who alfo confeffed her (hare 
in this Witchcraft, now teflified that the Prifoner 
was at the Witch meeting in iS^/f/w- Village, where 
they had Bread and Wine adminiflred unto them. 
II. In the time of this Prifoners Tryal, one 
Sufanna Shelden}'^'' in open Court, had her Hands 
unaccountably tied together, with a Wheel-band, 
fo fafl, that without cutting, it could not be loofed. 
It was done by a Speftre ; and the Sufferer af- 
firmed, it was the Prifoners. 

^'^This has reference to Ann it, 139-40 This "other Lacy" 

Fofter, of Salem Village. Sec i?^- was alfo named "Mary." Ibid.^ 

cords S. W., ii, 136-7. 142. 

"■'Mary Lacy was Wife ot * •-2*' Sufanna Sheldon was a ready 

Lawrence Lacy, of Andover, and Wjtnefs in a large Number of Cafes, 

Daughter of Ann Fofter. See ISid,, as has already been noticed. 

[139] Martha Carryer's Tryal. 121 

Memorandum. This Rampant Hag^ Martha 
Carryery was the perfon of whom the Confeffions 
of the Witches and of her own Children, among 
the reft, agreed, that the Devil had promifed her, 
fhe {hould be Queen of Hell.'" 

Thus far the Account given in Wonders of the 
Invifihle World; in which fetting afide fuch words 
as thefe, in the Tryal of G. B. viz. \They (i. e.) 
the Witnejfes were enough to fix the charaBer of a 
Witch upon him.] 

In the Tryal of Bijhopy thefe words, \hut there 
was no need of them] i. e. of further Teftimony. 

In the Tryal of HoWy where it is faid, [and 
there came in Teftimony of preternatural Mif- 
chiefs, prefently befalling fome that had been 
inftrumental to debar her from the Communion, 

I'-i No Teftimony appears to in their Habitations," and never 

have been omitted that could be heard of anything of the Nature of 

tortured by any Conftru6lio». againft Witchcraft until the Arrefts the laft 

"this rampant Hag," by the Au- Summer (1692). If there were 

thor« while all that went to clear any Sufpicions that Martha Carrier 

her was rejeftcd. Fortunately the was a Witch, before ftie was appre- 

Cafe is changed, and the whole is hendcd, he faid he had never heard 

fpread before difinterefted Inquirers, of if; and "as for any other Per- 

or enough upon which to form a fons, I had no Sufpicion of them, 

corre6l Judgment. Mr^ Francis and had Charity been put on, the 

Dane, the fecond Miniflir of An- Diuel would not have had fuch an 

dover, dared to give his Thoughts Advantage againft us, and I beleeve 

"upon the Witchcraft Cafes. Thefe many innocent Perfons have been 

he communicated to the Court, and accufed." This Teftimony of an 

the Scribe recorded them among aged and worthy Gentleman (then 

the Evidence. He faid he had jj"), well acquainted with all the 

lived above forty Years in Andover, Circumftances, and with the Ac- 

and in his "healthfull Yeares had cufed, (hould accompany that againft 

been frequent among y® Inhabitants " the rampant Hag." 


122 Martha Carry er's Tryal. [i+o] 

whereupon fhe was intruding.^ Martin is call'd 
[one of the moft impudent, fcurrilous, wicked 
Creatures in the World.] In his Account of 
Martha Carryer, he is pleafed to call her [a Ram- 
pant Hag,] &c. 

Thefe Expreflions as they manifeft, that he 
wrote more like an Advocate than an Hiftorian ; 
fo alfo that thofe that were his Imployers were 
not miftaken in their choice of him for that 
work, however he may have mift it in other 

As in his owning (in the Tryal of G. B.) That 
the Tejlimony of the bewitched^ and confejfors was 
not enough againji the Accufedy for it is known that 
not only in New-England, fuch Evidence has been 
taken for fufficient, but alfo in England, as him- 
felf there owns, and, will alfo hold true of Scot- 
land, &c. they having proceeded upon fuch Evi- 
dence, to the taking away of the Lives of many, 
to aflert that this is not enough, is to tell the 
World that fuch Executions were but fo many 
Bloody Murders ; which furely was not his intent 
to fay.'" 

[140] His telling that the Court began to think 

J-'- This Paflagc caufed Dr. Ma- they followed unto the bell of their 

ther to utier fome very wrathful Underftanding, as we are informed, " 

Expreflions againft the Auihor. He the Precedents of England drndi Sat- 

fays, or rather, his Defenders for land, and other Nations on fuch a 

him : " What was done in the dark and doleful Occafion. When 

dark Time of our I'roubles from ihey found the Matter carried be- 

thc Invijihle Wor/d, all honeft Men yond ihe Reach of Mortals, they 

bclic\c, they did in Confcience of ilopt." — Some Few Remarks, 6; 

the Oath of God upon them, and Magnalia, B. ii, 64. 

[140] Law Ena&ed^ &^c. 123 

that Burroughs ftept afide to put on Invifibility, 
is a rendring them fo mean Philosophers, and fuch 
weak Chriftians, as to be fit to be impofed upon 
by any filly pretender. 

His calling the Evidence againft How trivial, 
and others againft Burroughs^ he accounts no part 
of his Conviftion ; and that of lifting a Gun 
with one Finger, its being not made ufe of as 
Evidence, renders the whole but the more pier- 
plext. (Not to mention the many miftakes 
therein contained.) 

Yet all this (and more that might have been 
hinted at) does not hinder, but that his Account 
of the manner of Trials of thofe for Witchcraft 
is as faithfully related as any Tryals of that kind, 
that was ever yet made publick ; and it may alfo 
be reafonably thought that there was as careful a 
Scrutiny, and as unqeftion'd Evidences improved, 
as had been formerly ufed in the Tryals of oth- 
ers, for fuch crimes in other places.'*^ Tho in- 
deed a fecond part might be very ufeful to fet 
forth which was the Evidence Conviftive in 
thefe Tryals, for it is not fuppofed, that Roman- 
tick or Ridiculous ftories fhould have any influ- 
ence, fuch as biting a Spedires Finger fo that 
the Blood flowed out, or fuch as Shattock's Story 
of 1 2 Years ftanding, which yet was prefently 1 8 
Years or more, and yet a Man of that excellent 
Memory, as to be able to recall a fmall difference 

123 See Volume I, Pages 35, 86. 

124 Law RnaSied [^4^] 

his Wife had with another Woman when Eighten 
Years were part. 

As it is not to be fuppofed that fuch as thefe could 
Influence any Judge or Jury, fo not unkindnefs 
to relations, or God's having given to one Man 
more ftrength than to fome others, the over-fet- 
ting of Carts, or the death of Cattle, nor yet Ex- 
crefcencies (call'd Tets) nor little bits of Rags 
tied together (call'd Poppets.) Much lefs any 
perfons illnefs, or having their Cloaths rent when 
a Speftre has been well hanged, much lefs the 
burning the Mares Fart, mentioned in the Tryal 
of Hoijo. 

None of thefe being in the leaft capable of 
proving the Indiftment ; The fuppofed Crimi- 
nals were Indifted for Afflicting, &c. fuch and 
fuch particular perfons by Witchcraft, to which 
none of thefe Evidences have one word to fay, 
and the Afflicted and Confefl^ors being declared 
not enough, the matter needs yet further ex- 

But to proceed, the General Court having fat 
and enafted Laws, particularly one againft Witch- 
craft, affigning the Penalty of Death to any that 
fhall feed, reward or employ, Gfr. Evil Spirits, 
though it has not yet been explained what is in- 
tended thereby, or what it is to feed, reward or 
imploy Devils, &c. yet fome of the Legiflators 
have given this inflead of an Explanation, that 

[141] ^g^i^fl Witchcraft. 125 

they had therein but Copied the Law of another 

January 3. By vertue of an Aft of the General 
Court, the firft Superior Court was held at Salem^ 
for the County of EJfeXj the Judges appointed 
were Mr. William Stoughton (the Lieutenant 
Governor) Thomas [141] Danforth^ John Rich- 
ardsy Wait Winthorp^ and Samuel Sewall^ Efquires. 
Where Ignoramus was found upon the feveral 
Bills of Indiftment againft Thirty, and Billa- 
Vera againft Twenty fix more ; of all thefe 
Three only were found Guilty by the Jewry 
upon Trial, two of which were (as appears by 
their Behaviour) the moft fenfelefs and Ignorant 
Creatures that could be found ; befides which it 
does not appear what came in againft thofe more 
than againft the reft that were acquitted. '^^ 

The Third was the Wife of Wardwelly who 
was one of the Twenty Executed, and it feems 
they had both confefl^ed themfelves Guilty ; but 
he retracing his faid Confeflion, was tried and 
Executed ; it is fuppofed that this Woman fear- 
ing her Hufbands fate, was not fo ftifF in her 
denials of her former Confeflion, fuch as it was. 
Thefe Three received Sentence of Death. '^^ 

124 What the Laws of England ^'^^ I do not find the Court Pro- 
were on the Subje6l of Witchcraft ceedings at this Period, 
has been exhibited in the Introduc- '-^ The Indi<^^mcnts and Exanii- 
tion to ihe firft Volui\ic. Their nation of Samuel Wardwcll may 
Abrogation by Parliament, through be fecn in the Records, in the ufual 
the exertions of I^ord Talbot, took Form. He was of Andover, and 
place in 1736. See Douglafs' 6V/r - is ftyled Carpenter, His firft In- 
«r<?rjp, i, 451. di6lment was for afflidling one 

126 Sarah Dasfton's Tryal. [141] 

At thefe Tryals fome of the Jewry made In- 
quiry of the Court, what Account they ought to 
make of the Sped:re Evidence ? and received for 
Anfwer [as much as of Chips in Wort]*^^ 

'January 31, ib^t. The Superior Court began 
at Chartejiowriy for the County of Middlefexj Mr. 
Stoughtoriy M. Danforth, M. fVinthorp, and Mr. 
Sewall Judges, where feveral had Ignoramus re-^ 
turned upon their Bills of Indidlment, and Billa 
Vera upon others. *^^ 

Martha Sprague of Boxford, in 
Auguft laft (1692). The fecond 
charges, that "about 20 Yeares 
agoe, in the Towne of Andivor, 
he the faid Samuel WardclJ, with 
the Evill Speritt the Devill [did 
fellonioufly make] a Couenant 
wherein he promifed to honor, 
woriliip and belieue the Devill 
Contrary to the Statlute.'' His 
Examination was before John Hig- 
ginfon, Esq. on Sept. ift, 1692. 
He was then about 46 Years old. 
His ftrange Anfwers clearly indi- 
cate a (late of Infanity. Martha 
Sprague, aged 16, fwore to being 
bewitched by him. Ephraim Fof- 
ter of Andover, aged about 34, 
fwore that he foretold Events by 
looking in people's Hands; "would 
caft his Eyes down upon y® ground 
all ways before he told cny thing." 
Thomas Chandler, aged about 65, 
often heard faid Wardwell tell 
young Perfons their Fortunes. Jo- 
fcph Ballard, aged about 41, fwore 
that his Brother John Ballard told 
him that Samuel Wardwell told 

him, that he (Wardwell) had be- 
witched his (Jofeph Ballard's) Wife. 
Abigail Martin of Andover, aged 
16, faid that fome time lail Winter 
S. Wardwell and John Famam were 
at her Fathers. W. told F.'s For- 
tune. He alfo told Jeams Bridge's 
Fortune.* See Records S. W. ii, 

**^^ Q. D, of no Account what- 
ever, 1 do not find that the Expoun- 
ders of Proverbs have fallen upon 

1 2^ One of the Original BiU^t vnes 
is now before me, and runs thus : 
"The Depofiiion of Mercy Lewis 
Aged [ 19 ] ThisDeponent tcftifieth 
and faith that lail Night Philip Eng- 
lifti and his Wife came to mec, alfo 
Goodwifc Daften, Eliza Johnfon, 
and Old Pharoh of Linn : fd. Mrs. 
Englilh vrged mee to fet my Hand 
to a Booke, and told mee (he would 
afflift me dreadfully and kill me if 
I did not : Said alfo if I would but 
touch the Booke I (hould bee well, 
or elfe I fhould never. Mrs. Eng- 
liih faid (he might bring the Book 

[141] Sarah' Dasfton's Tryal. 12^ 

In the time the Court fat, word was brought 
in, that a Reprieve was fent to Salem^ and had 
prevented the Execution of Seven of thofe that 
were there Condemned, which fo moved the 
chief Judge, that he faid to this efFeft, We were 
in a way to have cleared the Land of thefe^ &c. who 
it is objiruBs the courfe of Jujiice I know not ; the 
Lord he merciful to the Countrey^ and fo went off 
the Bench, and came no more that Court :**9 The 
moft remarkable of the Tryals, was of Sarah 
Dajion, fhe was a Woman of about 70 or 80 
Years of Age, To ufher in her Tryal, a report 
went before, that if there were a Witch in the 
World {he was one, as having been fo accounted 
of, for 20 or 30 Years ; which drew many People 
from Bojionj &c. to hear her Tryal. There were 
a multitude of Witncfles produced againft her ; 
but what Teftimony they gave in feemed wholly 
forreign, as of accidents, illnefs, &c. befalling 
them, or theirs after fome Quarrel ; what thefe 
teftified was much of it of Aftions faid to be 
done 20 Years before that time. The Speftre- 
Evidence was not made ufe of in thefe Tryals, fo 
that the Jewry foon brought her in not Guilty, 

now flic thought everie one of them iury upon the Oath Jhe had taken, 

would bee cleared, and now at this Janr 12th, i6gi. Attefts Robert 

prefent Time before the Grandiury Payne, Foreman,'*^ All in the Au- 

{i\ Philip Englifli, his Wife, and old tograph of Mr. Saml. Parris, except 

Pharoh, come into the Roome, or the Signature of Payne. See Ap- 

their Shape and llrokc mee on the ' pendix. Number III. 

Brcft, and ahnoft choaked mee, and '-'^ The " Chief Judge," it will 

faid they would ftranglc me if ihey be remembered, was Lieut. Gov. 

could. Owned before the Grand- Stoughion. 

128 Mary Watkins's Tryal. [1+2] 

her Daughter and Grand-daughter, and the reft 
that were then tried, were alfo acquitted. After 
{he was cleared Judge Danforth Admonifhed her 
in thefe words, Wotnatij Wotnatiy repent^ there are 
Jhrewd things come in againjl you; fhe was re- 
manded to Prifon for her Fees, and there in a 
fhort time expired. '3° One of Bojlon that had 
been at the Tryal of Dajlon^ being the fame Even- 
ing in company with one of the Judges [142] in 
a publick place, acquainted him that fome that 
had been both at the Tryals at Salem and at this 
at Charlejiown^ had aflerted that there was more 
Evidence againft the faid Da/Ion than againft any 
at Salem^ to which the faid Judge conceeded, 
faying. That it was fo. It was replied by that 
perfon, that he dare give it under his handy that 
there was not enough come in againjl her to bear a 
jujt reproof. 

April 2^y 1693. '^^^ ^^^ Superior Court was 
held at Bojlon^ for the County of Suffolk^ the 
Judges were the Lieutenant Governour, Mr. Dan- 
forthy Mr. Richardsy and Mr. Sewally Efquires. 

Where (befides the acquitting Mr. John Aldin 
by Proclamation) the moft remarkable was, what 
related to Mary WatkinSy who had been a Servant, 

130 The Complainants were '* Mr. the noted Heroine, Hannah Duftin, 
Thomas Putnam, and Mr. John Put- of Haverhill, who flew her Indian 
ram, Jr., of Salem Village." She Capiors, and efcaped out of Cap- 
is ftyled fmglc Woman, "ofRed- tivity in 1697. Mr. Chafe, the 
ding," and her Name is fpclt Duf- able Hiilorian of Haverhill, docs 
ling, Daftin, and Dafting, in the not fccm to have confultcd the Re- 
Records. It would be intcrcfting cords at Salem, as we find nothing 
to know if (he was a Relative of of this Cafe in his Hiftory. 

[142] Mary Watkins's Tryal. 129 

and lived about Seven Miles from Bo/ion^ having 
formerly Accufed her Miftrefs of Witchcraft, and 
was fuppofed to be diftrad:cd, fhe was threatned 
if (he perfifted in fuch Accufations to be punifhed, 
this with the neceffary care to recover her Health, 
had that good efFed:, that fhe not only had her 
Health reftored, but alfo wholly acquitted her 
Miftrefs of any fuch Crimes, and continued in 
Health till the return of the Year, and then again 
falling into Melancholy humours fhe was found 
ftrangling herfelf ; her Life being hereby pro- 
longed, fhe immediately accufed herfelf of being 
a Witch; was carried before a Magiftrate and 
committed. At this Court a Bill of Indidlment 
was brought to the Grand Jury againft her, anti 
her confeffion upon her Examination given in as 
Evidence, but thefe not wholly fatisfied herewith, 
fent for her, who gave fuch account of herfelf, 
that they (after they had returned into the Court 
to afk fome Queftions) Twelve of them agreed 
to find Ignoramus, but the Court was pleafed to 
fend them out again, who again at coming in re- 
turned it as before. 

She was continued for fome time in Prifon, 
&c. and at length was fold to Virginia. About 
this time the Prifoners in all the Prifons were 

To omit here the mentioning of feveral Wenches 
in Bojiorij &c. who pretended to be Afflifted, and 
accufed feveral, the Minifters often vifiting them, 
and praying with them, concerning whofe Afflic- 


130 Cafe of Mrs. Btnom. [^43] 

tion Narratives are in being. In Manufcript not 
only thefe, but the generality of thofe Accufers 
may have fince convinc'd the Minifters by their 
vicious courfes that they might err in exte'nding 
too much Charity to them. 

The conclufion of the whole in the Majfachu- 

fetts Colony was Sir William Phips^ Governour, 

being call'd home, before he went he pardon'd 

fuch as had been condemned, for which they gave 

about 30 Shillings each to the Kings Attorney.*^' 

In Augujl 1697. The Superior Court fat at 
Hartford^ in the Colony of ConneBicut^ where 
one Miftrefs Benom was tried for Witchcraft, fhe 
[143] had been accufed by fome Children that 
pretented to the Spectral fight ; they fearched her 
feveral times for Tets ; they tried the Experiment 
of carting her into the Water, and after this fhe 
was Excommunicated by the Minifter of Wallins- 
ford. Upon her Tryal nothing material appeared 
againft her, fave Speftre Evidence, fhe was ac- 
quitted, as alfo her Daughter, a Girl of Twelve 
or Thirteen Years old, who had been likewife 
Accufed; but upon renewed Complaints againfl 
them, they both flew into New-Tor k Govern- 

^3^ If this was fuppofed to be tenced "to be hanged and to pay 

dealing jullly by the Accufed, the 40 (hillings." 
Government Officers of that Day i^- " One that many Years fmce 

mud have had a very angular Idea was Executed at Hartford, in Con- 

of Juftice, as underftood by up- nefticut Colony, on the Account of 

right Men of the prefent Day. Witchcraft, confefled, that (he had 

Such a Courfe reminds one of employed Evil Spirits to be re- 

"Lidford Law," and of thofe fen- venged on feveral; but that when 

[ 1 43 ] A Faft Proclaimed. 131 

Before this the Government Iflued forth the 
following Proclamation. 

By the Honourable the Lieutenant Govern- 
our^ Council and AJfemhly of his Majef- 
ties^^^ Province of the Maflachufetts Bay, 
in General Court Affembled. 

Whereas the Anger of God is not yet turned 
away, but his Hand is ftill ftretched out 
againft his People in manifold Judgments, par- 
ticularly in drawing out to fuch a length the 
troubles of Europe ^^'^'^ by a perplexing War; and 
more efpecially, refpedling ourfelves in this Pro- 
vince, in that God is pleafed ftill to go on in 
diminifliing our Subftance, cutting (hort our Har- 
veft, blafting our moft promiffing undertakings 
more ways than one, unfettling of us, and by his 
more Immediate hand, fnatching away many out 

(he would have had them do the But the known Succefs of many was 

Like to Mr. Stone (the Eminent that which emboldened others to 

Teacher of the Church there) they Endeavour the Like.'*.— I. Mather, 

told her, they had not leave to do in Angehgrapbiay To the Reader, 

it : Nor is this to be Evaded by See, alfo, llemarkable Providences 

faying fome Perfons (as of la;c in (by the fame). Chap. V. 

New England) have falfcly accufed '33 William III, Mary being dead, 

thcmfelvcs, for this Perfon was upon She died on the 28th Dec, 1694. 

Rational Grounds, thought to be a Was Dau. of James II, by A. Hyde, 

true Penitent, before her Death. '-^^ The ''perplexing war" of 

We cannot argue, that becaufe fome this Period is fkeiched with a Maf- 

have failed in their curfed Attempts, ter's Hand by Macaulay in his 

that therefore never any Succeeded. Hijiory of England, 

132 A Faji Proclaimed. [^+3] 

of our Embraces, by fudden and violent Deaths, 
even at this time when the Sword is devouring 
fo many both at home and abroad, and that after 
many days of publick and Solemn addreffing of 
him. And altho confidering the many Sins pre- 
vailing in the midft of us, we cannot but wonder 
at the Patience and Mercy moderating thefe Re- 
bukes ; yet we cannot but alfo fear that there is 
fomething ftill wanting to accompany our Sup- 
plications. And doubtlefs there are fome parti- 
cular Sins, which God is Angry with our Ifrael 
for, that have not been duly feen and refented by 
us, about which God expedts to be fought if ever 
he turn again our Captivity. 

I Wherefore it is Commanded and Appointed, 
'that Thurfday the Fourteenth of ^January next, 
■ be obferved as a Day of Prayer, with Fafting 
throughout this Province, ftridlly forbidding all 
Servile labour 'thereon; that fo all Gods People 
may offer up fervent Supplications unto him, for 
the Prefervation, and Profperity of his Majefty's 
Royal Perfon and Government, and Succefs to 
attend his Affairs both at home and abroad ; that 
all iniquity may be put away which hath flirred 
God's Holy jealoufie againft this Land ; that he 
would (hew us what we know not, and help us 
wherein we have done amifs to do fo no more ; 
and efpecially that whatever miflakes on either 
hand have been fallen into, either by the body of 
this People, or any orders of men, referring to 
the late Tragedy, raifed among us by Satan and 

[14.+] A Faji Proclaimed. 133 

his Inftruments, thro the awful Judgment of God, 
he [144] would humble us therefor and pardon 
all the Errors of his Servants and People, that 
defire to love his Name and be attoned to his 
Land ; that he would remove the Rod of the 
wicked from off the Lot of the Righteous, that 
he would bring the American Heathen, and caufe 
them to hear and obey his Voice. 

Given at Bofton, Decemb 17, 1696, in the StA 
Tear of his Majejiies Reign. 

Ifaac Addington, Secretary. 

Upon the Day of the Faft in the fiill Aflembly 
at the South Meeting-Houfe in Bojion one of the 
Honourable Judges, '^s who had fat in Judicature 
in Saleniy delivered in a Paper, and while it was 
in reading flood up. But the Copy being not to 
be obtained at prefent. It can only be reported by 
Memor)^ to this effedl, viz. It was to dejire the 
Prayers of God's People for him and his, and that 
God having vifted his Family y &c. he was appre- 
henfve that he might have fallen into fome Errors 
in the Matters at Salem, and pray that the Guilt 
of fuch Mif carriages may not be imputed either to 
the Country in general^ or to him or bis family in 

135 The Honorable Samuel Sew- the Houfc in Mr. Wifner's Hijiory^ 

all. He worfhipped at the OU Page 102, denoting the Pew which 

South Church. His Name will be he occupied. Its internal Arrange- 

found infcribed upon the Plan of ment is much the fame now. 

134 Jury-merCs Acknowledgment. [144] 

Some that had been of feveral Jewries, 
have given forth a Paper, Sign'd with 
their own hands in thefe words. 

W£ whofe names are under written^ being in the 
Tear 1692, called to ferve as Jurors in 
Court at Salem on Tryal of many ; who where by 
fome fufpedted Guilty of doing Adts of Witchcraft 
upon the Bodies of fundry Perfons : 

We confefs that we ourf elves were not capable to 
underjiandf nor able to withjland the myjierious de- 
lujions of the Powers of Darknefsy and Prince of 
the Air ; but were for want of Knowledge in our- 
felves^ and better Information from others^ prevailed 
with to take up with fuch Evidence againji the Ac- 
cufedj as on further conjideration^ and better Inform- 
ationy we jujily fear was- infuficient for the touching 
the Lives of any, Deut. xvii. 6. whereby we fear 
we have been injirumental with others, tho Igno- 
rently and unwittingly, to bring upon ourf elves, and 
this People of the Lord, the Guilt of Innocent 
Blood; which Sin the Lord faith in Scripture, he 
would not pardon, 2 Kings xxiv. 4. that is wefup- 
pofe in regard of his temporal Judgments. We do 
therefore hereby Jignifie to all in general {and to the 
furviving Sufferers in efpecial) our deep fenfe of, 
and for row for our Errors, in aSling on fuch Evi- 
dence to the condemning of any perfon. 

And do hereby declare that we jujily fear that we 
were fadly deluded and miJiaken,for which we are 
much dif quieted and dijlrejfed in our minds ; and do 

[i45"l yury-metCs Acknowledgment. 135 

therefore humbly beg forgivenefs^ fir/i of God for 
Chrijfs fake for this our Error ; And pray that 
God would not impute the guilt of it to ourfehes^ 
nor [145] others ; and we alfo pray that we may be 
conjidered candidly y and aright by the living Sufferers 
as being then under the power of ajirong and general 
Delujion^ utterly unacquainted withy and not expe- 
rienced in matters of that Nature. 

We do heartily ajk forgivenefs of you ally whom 
we have jujlly offendedy and do declare according to 
our prefent mindsy we would none of us do fuch 
things again on fuch grounds for the whole World; 
praying you to accept of this in way of SatisfaBion 
for our Offence ; and that you would blefs the Inher- 
itance of the Lordy that he may be entreated for the 

Foremany Thomas Fijky 

William FiJky 

yohn Bachelery 

Thomas FiJky Junior 

John DanCy 

Jofeph Evelithy 

Thomas Perfyy Senior 

John Pebodyy 

Thomas PerkinSy 

Samuel Sayery 

Andrew Elliott y 
• Henry Herricky Senior y^^^ 

^^" Both Mather and Calcf have Records (that remain) are very im- 

avoidcd giving Lifts of the Trial perfeft in this, as well as in many 

Jurors, doubtlefs to avoid increafing other Refpefts, already noticed. On 

the number of their Pages. The this Period much remains to be done. 

136 Pojifcript. [145] 


Since making the foregoing ColleSiions of 
Letters^ to the Reverend Mr. Cotton 
Mather, and others^ &^c. {which as yet 
remain unanfwered) a Book is come to 
band Intituled^ 

THE Life of Sir William, Phips, printed in 
London, 1697. Which Book, tho it bears 
not the Authors name, yet the Stile, manner and 
matter is fuch, that were there no other demon- 
ftration or token to know him by, it were no 
Witchcraft to determine that the faid Mr. C. M. 
is the Author of it. But that he that has en- 
countred Enchantments^ and gone through the 
Wonders of the Invifible Worlds and dif covered the 
Devily that he fliould ftep afide into a Remote 
Country to put on Invifibility ! Tho the reafon 
of this be not fo manifeft, yet it may be thought 
to be to gratifie fonie peculiar fancies; and why 
may not this be one, that he might with the 
better grace extol the Adlions of Mr. Mather^ as 
Agent in Englandy or as Prefident of Harvard 
College, not forgetting his own. ^37 

As to Sir Wiliianiy it will be generally acknow- 

J-^" This Infmuation is quite well i, 60. The Life of Phips is fub- 

fullained, as will appear by an Ex- ftantially included in the Magnalia. 

trad •from Mr. Mather's Diary, As originally publifhcd, it is of con - 

printed in Quincy's /////. //. C. fiderable rarity. 

[14-6] Pojifcript. 137 

ledged that notwithftanding the meannefs of his 
Parentage and Education, he attained to be Maf- 
ter of a Ship, and that he had the good hap to 
find a Spantjh Wreck, not only fufficient to re- 
pair his Fortunes, but to raife him to a confidera- 
ble Figure; which King James did fo far ac- 
commodate as to make him a Knight. 

[146] And that after this, in the Reign of his 
Prefent Majefty, he took up with thofe of the Agent s^ 
that were for accepting the New Charter^ whereby 
himfelf became Governour. '3^ 

It is not doubted, but that he aimed at the 
good of the People, and great Pitty it is that his 
Government was fo fullied (for want of better 
Information and Advice, from thofe whofe duty 
it was to have given it) by that Hobgoblin Mon- 
fter, Witchcraft, whereby this Countrey was Night- 
Mar'd, and harraft, at fuch a rate, as is not eafily 

After which fome complaints going to Eng- 
land about Male-Adminiftration, in the leaft 
matters comparatively; yet were fuch, that he 
was caird home to give account thereof, where 
he foon after expired, fo finifhing his Life and 
Government together. **° 

138 See Vol. I, Page 25-6. 

139 This Judgment has been fuf- 
tained by Pofterity. Phips's Hands 
were tied. He could not have done 
differently, had he had the Know- 
ledge and Difpofition, without giv- 
ing offence to Prelident Mather, 
who had fecured his Advancement. 


^40 To this rather mild and in- 
offcnfive remark of the Author, 
Mr. Mather replies: "The laft 
Effort of his [Calef s] Malice is a 
Poftfcript againft the Life of Sir 
William Phips, againft whofe Me- 
mory, why any whofe Throats are 
an opm Sepulchre^ fhould be fb 




Death having thus drawn the Curtain, forbid- 
ding any further Scene, it might have been pru- 
dence, to let his duft remain vv^ithout difturb- 


But the faid Book endeavouring to raife a 
Statue to him (/. e.) to afcribe to him fuch 
Achievements as either vv^ere never peformed by 
him, or elfe unduly aggravated, this has opened 
the Mouth, both of Friends and Enemies to 
recount the miftakes in the faid Book ; as alfo 
thofe mifcarriages, wherewith Sir William was 
chargeable; fuch as, had it not been for this 
Book, had been buried with him.'** 

In P. 3, fearch is made over the World, to 
whom to compare him in his Advancement ; and 
moft unhappily Pizarro is pitched upon as a match 
for him, who was a Baftard, dropt in a Church- 
Porch, put to Suck of a Sow, and being grown, 
ran away, and Shipt himfelf for America ; there 
fo profpered, as to Command an Army ; and 
therewith did mighty things, particularly took 
Attaballipay one of the Kings of Peru Prifoner, 
and having received for his Ranfom, in Gold and 
Silver to the value of Ten Millions, perfidioufly 

monftroufly envious, that like Jack- 
alls, they can't let him reft quietlv 
in his Sepulchre, good Men can i 
imagine any Reafon but the third 
Chapter of Gcnefis.'* — Some Few 
Remarks, &c. 47. 

'^' "I have endured more than 
a little from fome fort of Men, for 
my writing the Life of Sir William 

Phips, and fpeaking well of him, 
without either doing or fpeaking ill 
againft any one good Man under the 
whole Heavens, in the whole Com- 
pofure. It feems that I muft now 
write an Apology, for that Book : 
for which I have no Confcflion to 
make, but. That I don^t wijh one 
Line of it unwritten,^^ — Ibid^ 47*8. 

[H7] Poflfcript, 139 

put him to Death ; and was the Death of no 
Man knows how many Thoufands of Innocents, 
and is certainly one of the worft that could have 
been pitched upon for fuch comparifon.*** 

Tho this together with the Rhetorical flour- 
ifheSy and affedled drains therein, are inftances of 
the Author's variety of Learning; for which he 
is recommended by thefe Three Venerable Per- 
fon'*3 in the entrance to the faid Book. Yet the 
Integrity y Prudence y and Veracity thereof, is not 
fo manifeftly to be feen. Pafling over a multi- 
tude of Mifreprefentations that are therein re- 
lating to the A6ls of Sir William^ as not defign- 
ing to rake in the Grave of the Dead, Who is it 
can fee the Veracity of thofe words ? P. 40. [He 
lay within Pijlol-Shot of the Enemies Cannon, 
and beat them from thence, and much batter'd 
the town, having his Ship fhot thro in an hun- 
dred places, with Four and twenty Pounders^ 
When in the Judgment of thofe prefent, they 
were not nearer to the Enemy, than about half 
or three quarters of a Mile ; that there might be 
in all about Seven Shot that [147J ftruck the 
Hull of the Veflel, none of them known to be 
bigger than 18 Pounders, the Enemy having but 

' ^-^ It muft be allowed that the Howe and Matthew Mead." The 

Dodor was a little unfortunate in firll was the Uncle to Dr. Cotton 

his Choice of a Hero by which to Mather, then a Miniller in Dublin, 

meafure his own. where he died a few Months later. 

'^^ The "three venerable Per- Howe and Mead are too well 

fons*' were "Nath. Mather, />hn known to require a notice her?. 

i+o Pojifcript. [147] 

one Gun that could carry fo big as an 18 pound 

It were a fondnefs after fuch affertions, to take 
any notice of this bedecked Statue, when there 
was fo much the lefs need of eredling one (as is 
afferted P. 108) having already been done fo well, 
that even this Author himfelf defpairs of doing it 
better ;'*5 and that by one, a Man of fuch difFufed 
and Embalm'd a Reputation, as that his Commend'- 
ations are afferted to be enough to Immortalize the 
Reputation of Sir Williamy or whomfoever elfe 
he jhould pleafe to beftow them upon, vix. That 
Reverend perfon who was the Prefident of the 
only Univerfity then in the Englijh America^ P. 
109. Which by the way is a much fairer Statue, 
in honour of the Prefident of the Univerfity, than 
that eredled for Sir William. 

For notwithftanding all this noife of Eredling 

144 To this Dr. Mather anfwcrs : to be too Tmall Dimenfions for the 
" When mine Adverfarics had. Clamors they muft batter me withal, 
with a concodled Malice, done all .... I wrote no more than the 
they could, they thought at Icaft they very Words which I find in a Jour- 
had found one Paflagc wherein they nal of the Expedition to Qccbcc. . . 
might impeach my Veracity. I had . . Calef himfelf has lately owned, 
faid, that before Quebeck, Sir Wil- that he verily believes I did fo." — 
liam lay within Piftol Shot of the Some Few Remarks, &c. 51-2. 
. Enemies Cannon, and that his Ship >45 After the Doftor had fpoken 
was fliot through, in an hundred of being " battered with Clamors," 
Places, and that it was (hot through he triumphandy Exclaims — " But 
with Four and Twenty Pounders, hold Robin, [Mr. CalePs Chriftian 
(Tis a grofs Hardfhip for any to Name being Robert] I am not fo 
make my Meaning as if all the (hot (oon Jkot through; and the Statue^ 
had been fo.) And now they fall as I told thee, has knocked out thy 
to Tragical Exclamaitons ; they Brains P* — Ibid, Page 52. His 
think Four and Twenty Pounders Life of Phips he calls a Statue, 

[i47] Pojlfcript. 14.1 

Statues, and the great danger in plucking them 
down, Gfr, yet in P. 89, 'tis faid that even Sir 
William fhewed Choler enough, leaving it open 
for others, thereby to underftand, that he was 
wholly given over to Paffion and Choler.'*^ And 
in P. 92, 'tis faid he did not affedl any mighty 
(hew of Devotion ; thefe expreffions with others 
may prevail with the unbiafed Reader to think 
that thefe builders of Statues, had fome further 
defign in it, than to blazen the Achievements of 
Sir William Phips, viz. To fet forth Mr. J. 
Mathers Negociation in England^ his procuring 
the New- Charter for Sir William to be Govern- 
our, and himfelf Eftablifh'd Prefident of the 
College, are the things principally driven at in 
the Book. ^^7 

Another principal thing is to fet forth the fup- 
pofed Witchcrafts in New-England^ and how well 
Mr. Mather the Younger therein acquitted him- 

^^^Thcharlh and ungovernable could that be, when Mr. Mather 

Temper of the Governor was a had been Prefident of the Colledge 

Matter of Notoriety in his Time, ten Years before Sir William came 

See Life of Pbips in the Magnalia^ to be Governor ? " This is a very 

B. ii. Page 72, &c. fhallow Attempt to impeach, by 

'^' **It is not worth our while Hypercriticifm, the TrutK of Mr. 

to take Notice of every thing this CaleFs Statement. Everybody knew 

Caifhyts, 'tis often fo impertinent; the fad that Dr. I. Mather was Pre- 

howcver, we will lay open one fidcnt of the College. Mr. CalePs 

thing more. He fays that Mr. Meaning is plain enough, namely, 

Mather procured a Charter for Sir that Mr. Mather's Solicitude was 

William to be Governor, and him- about keeping his Office of Prefi- 

felf eftablijhed Prefident of the Col- dent. 

iedge. Can there be greater N on- H8««it is to be confeffed and 

fenfe mixed with Malice ! How bewailed, that many Inhabitants of 

1+2 Pojifcript. [147] 

As to the New Charter for the right under- 
ftanding that Affair, it will be needful to fay, that 
the People that afterwards fettled in New England^ 
being about to leave their Native foil, and to feek 
(as the Providence of God fhould diredl them) 
a fettlement in remote Regions, wherein they 
might befl fecure their Civil and Religious In- 
terefls, before they enter'd upon this, confidering 
it might be needful on many accounts for their 
future well being, they obtained a Charter to be 
in the nature of a prime agreement, fetting forth 
the Soveraigns Prerogative, and the People's Pri- 
viledges; in the enjoyment whereof tney long 
continued, after having purchaf'd the Title to 
their Lands, of the Natives of the Country, and 
fettled themfelves therein, without any charge to 
the Crown. 

That Claiife in their Charter for this Country, 
viz. (Provided that no other Chriflian Prince be 
prepoiTeft of it) being a tacit acknowledgment, 
that before fettlement no one Chriftian Prince 
had any right thereto more than another. Dur- 
ing this time of New- England" s Profperity, the 

New England, and young People which they haa a forbidden and im- 

efpecially, had been led away with pious Curiofity. Wretched Books 

little Sorceries^ wherein they dU fe- had ftolen into the Land, wherein 

cretiy tbo/e things that were not right Fools were inftrufted how to bc- 

againft the Lord their God; they come able Fortune-tellers." — Life 

would often cure Hurts with 5////jr, of Sir W, Phips, ^cc Magna/ia, 

and praftice deteftable Conjurations B. ii, 60. Some twenty Years later 

with Sieves^ and Keyes, and Peafe^ the Author's Ideas had undergone a 

and Naiis, and Horfe-JhoeSy and other flight Change. See Remarkabies, 

Implements to learn the Things for 161, etfeq. 

[i+8] Poflfcript. 143 

Government here were very iparing of Granting 
Freedoms, except to fuch as [148] were fo and 
fb qualfied. Whereby the number of Nan-Fret- 
men "'♦9 being much increaTd, they were very un- 
ealiey by their being (hut out from havin^f any (hare 
in the Government, or having any Votes for their 
Reprefentatives, &c. it rendred many of them 
ready to join with fuch as were undermining the 
Government, not duly confidering that it had 
been far more fafe to have endeavoured to pre- 
vail with the Legiflators for an enlargement. 

So that it will not be wonder'd at that in the 
latter end of the Reign of King Charles the 11. 
and of King James^ (when mofl of the Charters 
in England were vacated) that this was quo war- 
ranto' d and finally Judgment entered up againft 
it, and the Country was put into fuch a form of 
Government as was mofl agreeable to thofe times, 
viz. A Legiflative pow'r was lodged in the 
Governour (or Prefident) and fome few appointed 
to be of his Counfel, without any regard therein, 
either to the Laws of Englandy or thofe formerly 
of this Colony : Thus rendering the Circum- 
flances of this Country beyond comparifon worfe 
than thofe of any Corporation in England. The 
People of thofe Corporations being acknowledged 
ftill to have a right to Magna Charta^ when their 
particular Charters were made void. But here 

'*^ Complete Lifts ofall the Free- will be found in the New Eng, 
men in Maflachufetts, and the Qua- Hifl, aud Gen, Eegi^Ur, Vols. Ill, 
lifications neceifary to become fuch, IV and VII. 

144- Pojifcript. [148] 

when Magna Charta has been pleaded, the Peo- 
ple have been anfwered, that they muft not expedl 
that Magna Charta would follow them to the 
end of the World : not only their Eftates, but 
their Lives being thereby rendered wholly preca- 
rious. And Judge Palmer^ ^"^ has fet forth in 
Print, that the King has power to grant fuch a 
Commiffion over this People. 

It is not hard to imagine that under fuch a 
Commiffion, not only the People were liable to 
be oppreft by Taxes, but alfo by Confifcations, 
and Siezing of Lands, unlefs Patents were pur- 
chafed at Exceffive prizes, with many other Ex- 
orbitant Innovations. 

The firft that accepted this Commiffion was 
Mr. Dudley^ a Gentleman born in this Country, 
who did but prepare the way for Sir Edm. Andros. 
In whofe time things being grown to fuch 
Extremities, not only here, but in England^ as 
rendered the fucceeding Revolution abfolutely ne- 
ceiTary ; the Revolution here being no other than 
an adling according to the Precedent given by 

During the time of Sir Edmonds' Government, 

^'^0 Palmer's Book is thus end- Governour with, and his Council; 

tied : " An Impartial Account of and all that had His Majefty's 

the Stale of New England : or, the Commiffion. In a Letter to the 

Late -Government there, Vindi- Clergy there. By John Palmer, 

cated. In Anfwer to the Dcclara- London: Printed for £</a'/7r</Pw/^, 

tion which the Fadion fet forth, at the Ship over againft the Royal 

when they Overturned that Gov- Exchange yXnCornbill^ 1690." 410, 

ernmcnt. With a Relation of the 40 Pages. This Work is about to be 

Horrible Ufage they treated the republifhed by the Prince Society. 

[H9] Pojijcript. 14.5 

Mr, Increafe Mather^ Teacher of the North 
Church in Bojlotiy having undergone fome trouble 
by Fobb- Anions' 5^ laid upon him, Gfr. (tho with 
fome difficulty) he made his Efcape, and got paf- 
fage for England^ being therein affifted by fome 
particular Friends; where being arrived, he ap- 
plied himfelf to King "James for redrefs of thofe 
Evils the Country then groaned under ; and 
meeting v^ith a feeming kind reception, and fome 
promifes, it was as much as might at that time be 
reafonably expedled.'^* 

[149] Upon the Day of the Revolution here, 
tho the greateft part of the People were for re- 
afTuming their Ancient Government, purfuant to 
his Royal Highnefs' Proclamation ; yet matters 
were fo clog'd, that the People were diflmift 
without it, who did not in the leaft miftruft but 
that thofe who were put out of the Government 
by Mr. "Dudley y would reaflume : Mr. Broadjireet^ 
who had been then Governour, being heard to 
fay that Evening, when returned home. That had 
not he thought they would have reajfum'dy he would 

^^* A6lion§ brought without Foun- upon, obtain fome Relief to the 

dation. growing Diftrcffes of the Country; 

152 '* The Superior Gentlemen in and Mr. Mather was the Pcrfon 

the Opprcfled Country, thought, that was pitch'd upon To 

that a Well-qualified Perfon going his Wonderment, they that at ano- 

over with the Addrefles of the thcr Time would have almoll af- 

Churches to the King, might, by foon parted with their Eyes as* have 

the Help of fuch Proteftant Dif- parted with him now were willing 

fenters as the King began upon to it." — 'Remarkablei of Dr. I, Ma- 

Political Views to caft a fair Afpeft iter, 103. 


14-6 Pojifcript. [^+9] 

not havejlirr'd out of his Houfe that Day.^^^ But 
after this, fome that were driving at other matters, 
had opportunities by Threats and other ways not 
only to prevail with that good Old Gentleman, 
but with the reft of the Government wholly to 
decline it ; which fome few obferving, they took 
the opportunity to call themfelves a Committee 
of Safety, and fo undertook to Govern fuch as 
would be governed by them/54 

It has been an Observation of long continuance 
that matters of State feldom profper^ when managed 
by the Clergy. Among the oppofers of the reaf- 
fuming few were fo ftrenuous as fome of the 
Minifters, and among the Minifters none more 
vehement than Mr. Cotton Mather^ Paftor of the 
North Church in Bojlon^ who has charged them 
as they would anfwer it another day to reafTume. 
Among his Arguments againft it, one was that it 
would be to put a flight upon his Father, who, 
he faid, was in Englandy labouring for a compleat 
Reftoration of Charter Privileges, not doubting, 
but they would be fpeedily obtain'd. Any Man 
that knows New England cannot but be fenfible, 
that fuch Difcourfes from fuch Men, have always 
been very prevalent. And hence it was that even 

^''3 Mr. Bradftrcct was then about They foon difcovcred a Dcfirc to 

86 Years of Age. A pretty full reaflume the Charter. The major 

Account of the Tranfadtions of this Part of the Council were againfl 

Period may be read in Kutchin- it." Ibid,, i, 386, firft Edition, 
ion, Hi/l. M/jfs.y i, fub. At:, 1689: ^^-^ I do not find this animad- 

"The Reprefentativesof 54Town3 "erted upon in the Some Few Re- 

met at Bofton, on the 2 2d of May. 'iarks. 

[H9] Poflfcripi. 14.7 

thofe that would think themfelves wronged, if 
they were not numbred among the beft Friends 
to New-Englandy and to its Charter, would not 
fo much as ftoop to take it up, when there was 
really nothing to hinder them from the Enjoy- 
ment thereof. '55 

After the Committee of Safety had continued 
about feven Weeks, or rather after Anarchy had 
been fo long Triumphant, an Affembly having 
been call'd came to this refolve and laid it before 
thofe Gentlemen that had been of the Govern- 
ment, that if they would not adt upon the Found- 
ation of the Charter, that perfuant to it, the 
Affembly would appoint fome others in that Sta- 
tion. The Anfwer to which was, that they would 
accept, &c. And when a Declaration fignifying 
fuch a reaffuming, was prepared with the good 
liking of the Deputies, in order to be publiflied, 
fome that were oppofers, fo terrified thofe Gen- 
tlemen, that before publifliing it was underwritten 
[that they would not have it underftood that they 
did reaffume Charter-Government] to the no 
fmall amazement of the People, and difappoint- 
ment of the Deputies, who if thefe had not 
promifed fo to adt, had taken other care, and put 
in thofe that would.'^^ 

'55 Sec Ncal's Hift. N, England, currence of our fevcral Towns to 

where will be found the ** Declara- reaflume the Government according 

tion" in full, in which it is faid : to Charter-Rights/' &:c. Vol. II, 55. 
"Having fully and deliberately ex- '^o xhe underwritten Recanta- 

amined the Minds and Inftruftions tion does not appertain to the 

of the fevcral Towns, do find it to printed Declaration. Neal fays : 

be the general Confcnt and Con- ** 'Tis certain the MafTachufet- 

148 Pojifcript. [150] 

[150] The next principal thing done was, they 
chofe two of their Members, viz. one of the 
upper Houfe, the other of the lower, both of 
them Gentlemen of known Integrity, as well as 
ability to go to England^ in order to obtain their 
Refettlement ;'57 and in regard Mr. /. Mather was 
already there, they joined him, as alfo a certain 
Gentleman in London^ "^"^ ^\\}[i thefe other two: 
Thofe from hence being arrived in Londotty they 
all united for the common Intereft of the Coun- 
trey, though without the defired effeft. They 
were in doubt, whether it were beft to Improve 
their Utmoft for a reverfal of the Judgment in a 
Courfe of Law, or to obtain it in a Parliamentary 
way, or to Petition his Majefty for a New Grant 
of former Priviledges ; And confidering that the 
two firft might prove Dilatory and Expenfive, as 
well as for other reafons, they refolved upon the 
latter, and Petitioned his Majefty for the Countries 
Refettlement, with former Privileges, and what 
further additional his Majefty in his Princely 
Wifdom ftiould think fit. Accordingly it pleafed 
his Majefty to declare in Counfel his Determina- 
tion, viz. That there ftiould be a Charter granted 
to New- England. But the Minutes then taken 
thereof, and a Draught of the New-Charter being 
feen, it was the Opinion of the two Gentlemen 

Provinces had hard Meafurc in the *^' Eliflia Cooke and Thomas 

Lofs of their Charter, and harder Oakes, boihof them Affiftants. See 

yet, in not having it rcftorcd at the Hutchinfon, Hift, Mafs., i, 393. 
Revolution," Sec. Vol. II, 59. i58 Sir Henry Aftiurft. 

[i5o] Poflfcript. 149 

fent from hence, that it were beft to tarry his 
Majefties return from Flanders ; in hopes then to 
obtain eafe in fuch things as might be any ways 
deemed to be grievous. And this was the refult 
of the Advice of fuch as were beft able to give 
it, that they could meet with, and accordingly 
they wholly defifted taking it out of the Offi- 

But Mr. Mather and that other Gentleman 
had, as it is faid, other advice given them, which 
they ftrenuoufly purfued, and his Majefly having 
left it as is aflerted in this of the Life of Sir 
William^ P. t^'jy to them to nominate a Govern- 
our, they pitcht upon Sir William PhipSy who 
was then in England^ [As the moft likely and able 
to ferve the King's Interefts among the People 
there ; under the changes in fome things unac- 
ceptable now brought upon them, P. 62.] and 

'^^ Dr. J Mather's Narrative of with the Queen for this Favour to 

this Affair runs thus : ** When the us, who at my Requcft did fo. 

King was pleafed to give a pofitivc Moreover, I drew up fevcral Rea- 

Command that the Charter of New Tons againft that which in the Min- 

England (hould be difpaiched, it utcs of the New Charter is mod 

was not for the Agents to fay. It grievous to us; which were by Sir 

(hall not be fo. True it is, that all Henry Alhurft, and my felf, de- 

the Agents, when they faw what Jivered to His Majefties Attourney 

Minutes would be inferted in the General, on July 24. 1691, and 

Charter, were defirous of a Delay, which I did alfo fend to my Lord 

until the Kings happy Return to Sidney, one of His Majefties prin- 

England. And I may without Van- cipal Secretaries of State, then with 

ity fay, no Man laboured to have it the King in Flanders." — Some Few 

fo, more than my felf. I prayed Remarks^ 22-3. Lord Henry Syd- 

Arch-Bifhop Tillotfon to intercede ncj was afterwards Earl of Romncy. 

I50 Pojifcript. [151] 

without tarrying for the concurrence of thofe 
other Agents, the Charter was taken out, Gfr.^^° 

But Mr. Mather perhaps fearing he ftiould 
have but fmall thanks here, for his having fo far 
an hand in bringing upon them thofe unaccepta- 
ble Changes, wrote, and caufed to be Printed, an 
Account of his Negotiation, but furely by fome 
Error in the Conception, it proved only an Em- 
brioy and was ftifled as foon as born. One indeed, 
defigned to be as it were a Pojlhumous was left 
with Mr. Bailey y formerly of Bojioriy and a Mem- 
ber of the North-Churchy with a charge not to 
fuffer it to be feen till he were gone to New- 
England; yet it feems fome other perfon got a 
fight of it, which was the occafion of Mr. Ma- 
ther's fending him that Minatory Epiftle, by fome 
caird a Bull. But befides this, for fear of the 
worft, Mr. Mather got feveral Non-con Minifters 
to give him a Teftimonial, or Letters of Com- 
mendations for his great Service herein.*^' 

[151] In the mean time Mr. Cotton Mather ^ 
being in fome doubt of the fame thing, handed 

ICO Thinking <hcre would be no tcr for the Maflachufetts Colony, 

further Proceedings about the Char- according to the Minutes that the 

ter before the Return of the King, Lords of the Committee for Planta- 

Mr. Mather fays he went into the tions had agreed to, notwithftanding 

Country for the Recovery of his the Objedlions of the Agents." — 

impaired Health, where, before he Some Few 'Remarks ^ 23. 

had been three Weeks, he was fur- ^^^ This Document is printed in 

prifcd by being fcnt for to London, the Work juft cited. Pages 14 to 

" with Information that the King 1 8 ; and alfo by the Son in his ^^- 

had fignified His Royal Pleafure to markableso^ his Father, Pages 157- 

the Earl of Nottingham, that there 60. The rebutting of the " Bull" 

fliould be a Procedure with a Char- has been noticed in an earlier Page. 


[i5i] Poftfcript. 151 

about a Paper of Fables; wherein his Father 
under the Name of Mercurius^ and himfelf under 
the Name of Orpheus^ are extoll'd, and the great 
Actions of Mercurius magnified ; the prefent 
Charter exalted, by trampling on the former, as 
being very defective, and all thofe call'd unrea- 
fonable that did not readily agree with the New 
one : And indeed the whole Country are com- 
pared to no better than Beafts, except Mercurius 
and Orpheus y the Cover nour himfelf muft not 
Efcape being termed an Elephant, tho as good as 
he was great, and the Inferiours told by Orpheus 
that for the quiet Enjoyment of their Lands, &c. 
they were beholding to Mercurius. Tho this 
Paper was judged not convenient to be Printed, 
yet fome Copies were taken, the Author having 
fliown variety of Heathen Learning in it.'^* 

This is in fliort that eminent Service for which 
the faid Mr. /. M. is in the prefent Book fo 
highly extol'd. In fo many Pages, that to repeat 
them were to tranfcribe a confiderable part of the 
faid Book. 

And no doubt he deferves as much thanks as 
Dr. Sharp '^3 did, when he was fent by the Pref- 

102 Whether this Paper, contain- to undermine the frefbytcrian Go- 
ing the variety of Heathen Learnings vernment :" and continue, — **-Cer- 
was ever printed, the Editor is un- tainly, Satan himfelf qoxM not but 
able to fay. blulh to fay, that ever Mr. Mather 

I fi3 xhe Defenders of Dr. Ma- went to deftroy the Government of 

ther fay, that, by what they have New England, either as to their 

heard about that Story of Dr. Civil or Ecclefiaftical Conftitution." 

Sharp, attempting "to get himfelf —Some Few Remarks, zg^'^o. Mr. 

made Bifhop, did what he could Calcf is very far from bringing any 

152 Poftfcript. [151] 

bytery of Scotland^ to procure the fettlement of 
their Kirk by King Charles 11. at his Reftaura- 

Not but that the prefent Charter of New-Eng- 
land is indeed truly valuable, as containing in it 
peculiar Priviledges, which abundantly Engages 
this People to pay the tribute of thankflilnefs to 
his Majefly/^^ and all due fubjeftion to whom it 
fliall pleafe him to fubftitute as Governour over 
us ; and to pray that the King of Kings would 
pour out of his-richeft bleflings upon him, giving 
him a long and profperous Reign over the Na- 
tions, under the benign Influences whereof, Op- 
preflion and Tyranny may flee away. 

And if his Majefty hath put this People into 
the prefent form of Government, to the end they 
might be in the better condition of Defence in a 
time of War; or that they might the better un- 
derftand the Priviledge of choofing their own 
Governour by the want of it, and fliould be gra- 
cioufly pleafed (the War being over) to reftore to 
thefe, as has been already granted to the reft of 
his Majesties Subjefts, the full employment of 
their Ancient Priviledges, it would be fuch an 
obligation upon them to thankfulnefs and Duty 

fuch Charge. Some later Authors can he infinuate that no Thanks arc 

are far more fevere on Dr. Mather due to the Inftrumenis of obtaining 

than he. Sec Baylies, N. Piy- fuch a valuable Charter, and fo 

mouthy iv, 134. many peculiar Priviledges? Surely 

'^»^ After cxtradling this Acknow- he was befide himfelf, when he 

Icdgemcnt of our Author, his Re- wrote fuch Things as thefe. — Ihid., 

viewers fay : ** With what Face then Page 30. 

[152] Pojifcript. 153 

as could never be forgotten, nor fufficiently ex- 
preft, and would rather abate than increafe charge 
to the Crown. 

As to the fuppofed Witchcrafts in New-Eng- 
land, having already faid fo much thereof, there 
is the lefs remains to be added. 

In the times of Sir EJ. Andros his Government, 
Goody G/(?i;^r, a . defpifed, crazy, ill-conditioned 
old Woman, an Irijh Roman Catholick, was tried 
for Afflidting Goodwins Children ; by the Account 
of which Tryal, taken in Short-hand, for the ufe 
of the Jury, it may appear that the ge[i52]neral- 
ity of her Anfwers, were Nonfenfe, and her behav- 
iour like that of one diftradted. Yet the Drs. find- 
ing her as (he had been for many Years, brought 
her in Compos Mentis ; and fetting afide her crazy 
Anfwers to fome infnaring queftions, the proof 
againft her was wholly deficient : The Jury 
brought her Guilty.^^^ 

135 Xhe Authors of the Some attoniflicd, that ever any 0;7^ihould 

Vetv Remarks, print a Letter from go to infinuate things to the World, 

Mr. John Goodwin, as a trium- as are known by moft that ever 

phant Vindication of what Dr. Cot- heard of thofe afflifted Children, 

ton Mather publilhed refpefting the to be fo far different from Trutb^ 

bewitchment of Goodwin*s Chil- as to do what in you lies to leflen 

dren. The Letter is too long and the Efteem of thofe Servants of 

too unimportant to occupy Space Chrift, (which you make your 

here. It may be feen on Pages 62 chiefcll Butts) among the Lord's 

and 63 of that Work. It is, of People We pray God Par- 

eourie, an attempt to fuftain Dr. lion your Sin, and give you the 

Mather's Account, the fubftance of Grace to Repent" — Ibid, 6%, See 

which Account is in the Magnalia. alfo Magnaiia, B. ii, 61; where it 

They then go on: "Now behold appears that Mr. Jofeph Dudley 

how aftive and forward Mr. Ma- was Chief Judge when the poor 

ther was, in tranfafting the Affairs old crazy Woman was tried and 

relating to this Woman ; and be Executed. 


15+ Pojifcript. [152] 

Mr. Cotton Mather was the moft adtive and 
forward of any Minifter in the Country in thofe 
matters, taking home one of the Children, and 
managing fuch intreagues with that Child, and 
after printing fuch an Account of the whole, in 
his Memorable Providences, as conduced much 
to the kindling thofe Flames, that in Sir JVil- 
Hams time threatned the devouring this Coun- 

tj.y 166 

King Saul in his deftroying the Witches out of 
Ifraely is thought by many to have exceeded, and 
in his Zeal to have flain the Gtbeonites wrongfully 
under that notion : Yet went after this to a Witch 
to know his Fortune. For his wrongful de- 
ftroying the Gtbeonites (befides the Judgments of 
God upon the Land) his Sons were hanged ; and 
for his going to the Witch, himfelf was cut off. 
Our fir William Pbips did not do this, but as ap- 
pears by this Book had firft his Fortune told him, 
(by fuch as the Author counts no better) and 

10^ Dr. Mather anfwers : " Af- me? Truly, Satan knows, Pcr- 

tcr the Stom was raifcd at Salcm, haps 'twas bccaufe I thought it my 

I did 'myfelf offer to provide Meat, Duty alwayes to fpeak of the Hon- 

Drink, and Lodging, for no Icfs ourable Judges with as much Hon- 

than Six of the Afflidlcd, that fo an our as 1 could ; (a Crime which I 

Experiment might be made, whether am generally taxed for, zn^for which 

Prater with Fafling, upon the Re- / hav e been finely requited !^ This 

moval of ihofc Miferables, one from made People, who judge of Things 

another, might not put a Period unto at a DiJIance, to dream that I ap- 

the Trouble then arifing,withoutgiv- proved of all that was done." — 

ing the Civil Authority the Trouble Ibid, 39-40. Certainly, if Words 

of Profecuting the Methods of the mean any thing, what he publifhed 

Law on that Occafion. You'll fay, fully juftifies that Conclufion, not- 

How came it then to pafs that many withftanding his rare Ambidexterity, 

People took up another Notion of See Vol. I, TJbique loci. 

[152] Pojifcript. 155 

though he put it off (to his Paflor, who he new 
approved not thereof) as if it were brought to 
him in writing, without his feeking, Gfr. Yet 
by his bringing it fo far, and fafe keeping it fo 
many Years, it appears he made fome Account of 
it ; for which he gave the Writer, after he had 
found the Wreck, as a reward, more than Two 
hundred pounds. His telling his Wife (P. 6.) 
that he (hould be a Commander, (hould have a 
Brick-Houfc in Greenlaney^^'^ &c. might be in 
confidence of fome fuch Prediftion, and that he 
could foretel to him (P. 90.) that he fhould 
be Governour of New-Englandy was probably 
fuch an one, (the Scriptures not having re- 
vealed it.) Such Prediftions would have been 
counted at Saleniy pregnant proofs of Witchcraft, 
and much better than what were againft feveral 
that fuffered there. But Sir William^ when the 
Witchcrafts at Salem began (in his Efteem) to 
look formidable, that he might A6t fafely in this 
Affair, he afked the Advice of the Minifters in 
and near Bojion ; the whole of their Advice and 
Anfwer is Printed in Cafes of Confciencey the laft 
Pages. But left the World fhould be Ignorant 
who it was that drew the faid Advice, in this 
Book of the Life of Sir William PhipSy P. 'j'j. are 
thefe words, the Minijiers made unto his Excellency 
and the Counfel a return^ drawn up at their defrCy 

"*' Salem Street was in ihofc Charter Streeet, the Governor ac- 
Timcs, called Green-Lane ; at the tually refided. See Hiftory and 
Corner made by tnat Lane and Antiquities of Rea/on^%\6. 

156 Poftfcript. [153] 

by Mr. Mather the Younger^ as I have been in- 
formed. Mr. C. M. therein intending to beguile 
the World, and make them think that another, 
and not himfelf had taken that notice of his 
(fuppofed) good Service done therein, which 
otherwife would have been afcribed to thofe 
Minifters in General, though indeed the Advice 
then given, looks moft like a thing of his Com- 
pofing, as carrying both Fire [153] to increafe, 
and Water to quench the Conflagration/'^^ Par- 
ticularly after the Devils Teftimony, by the fup- 
pofed Afflidted had fo prevailed, as to take away 
the Life of one, and the Liberty of an Hundred, 
and the whole Country fet into a moft dreadful 
confternation, then this Advice is given, uftiered 
in with thanks for what was already done, and 
in conclufion, putting the Government upon a 
fpeedy and vigorous profecution according to the 
Laws of God, and the wholefome Statutes of the 
Englijh Nation, fo adding Oil, rather than Water 
to the Flame ; for who fo little acquainted with 
proceedings of Englandy as not to know that they 
have taken fome methods, with thofe here ufed 
to difcover who were Witches. The reft of the 

1''^' Dr. Mather fays in Reply : marks, 38-9. But the Dodor does 

" Moreover, when the Minifters not explain how, in fpeaking of this 

prefented unto the Governour and Addrejs in the Life of Phips, he 

Council, their Advice againft mak- came to make ufe of the Words — 

ing the SpeSral Exhibitions to be as I bare been informed — while in 

(o mwch^s 2iPrefumption of Witch' the Some Few Remarks he owns 

crafi, it was my poor Hand which that it was drawn by his poor Hand. 

drew up that Advice, and my Heart See Life of Phips in Magnalia^ 

was always in it.'' — Some Few Re- Book II, 63. 

[»53] Poflfcript. 157 

Advice, confifting of cautions and direftions, are 
inferted in this of the Life of Sir William. So 
that if Sir William^ looking upon the thanks for 
what was paft, and Exhortation to proceed, went 
on to take away the Lives of Nineteen . more, 
this is according to the Advice faid to be given 
him by the Miniflers, and if the Devil after 
thofe Executions be affronted, by di(believing his 
teftimony, and by clearing and Pardoning all the 
reft of the Accufed ; yet this alfo is according to 
that Advice, but to caft the Scale ; the fame that 
drew this Advice, faith, in Wonders of the Inviji' 
ble Worldj 'Enchantments Encountered ; [that to 
have a hand in any thing that may ftifle or ob- 
ftruft a regular detection of that Witchcraft, is 
what we may well with a Holy fear avoid : 
Their Majefties good Subjedts muft not every 
day be torn to pieces by horrid Witchcraft, and 
th'ofe bloody Felons be wholly left unprofecuted ; 
The Witchcraft is a bufinefs that will not be 
{hamm'd.]^^9 The Paftor of that Church, of 
which Sir William was a Member, being of 
this Principle, and thus declaring it, after the 
former advice ; no wonder tho it caft the Scale 
againft thofe Cautions. It is rather a Wonder 
that no more Blood was ftied, for if that Advice 
of his Paftors could ftill have prevailed with the 
Governour, Witchcraft had not been fo (hammed 
off as it was. Yet now in this Book of the Life 
of Sir William^ the pardoning the Prifoners when 

UJ9 Sec Volume I, Page 34. 

158 Pojifcrlpt. [153] 

Condemned, and clearing the Goals, is call'd (P. 
82) a Vanquifliing the Devil, adding this Con- 
' queft to the reft of the Noble Atchievements of 
Sir William^ tho Performed not only without, 
but diredtly againft his Paftors Advice. But this 
is not all, tho this Book pretends to raife a Statue 
in Honour of Sir William^ yet it appears it was the 
lead part of the defign of the Author to Honour 
him, but it was rather to Honour himfelf, and the 
Minifters; It being fo unjuft to Sir Williamy as 
to give a full Account of the cautions given him, 
but defignedly hiding from the Reader the In- 
couragements and Exhortations to proceed, that 
were laid before him (under the name of the 
Minifters Advice) in efFeft, telling the World 
that thofe Executions at Saleniy were without, 
and againft the Advice of the Minifters, expreft 
in thofe Cautions, purpofely hiding their giving 
thanks for what was already done, and exhorting 
to proceed ; thereby rendering Sir William of fo 
fanguin a Complexion, that the Minifters had 
fuch caufe to fear his going on with the Tragedy, 
tho againft their Advice; that they defired the 
Prefident to write his Cafes of Confcience, &c. 
To plead mifinformation will not falve here, 
however it may feem to palliate other things, but 
is a manifeft, defigned traverfty, or mifreprefent- 
ation of the Minifters Advice to Sir Williamy a 
hiding the truth, and a wronging the dead, whom 
the Author fo much pretends to honour; for 
which the Acknowledgments ought to be as 
Univerfal as the offence. But tho the Minifters 

[i5+J Pojifcript. 159 

Advice, or rather Mr. C. Mather s was perfectly 
Ambidexter, giving as great or greater Encour- 
agement to proceed in thofe dark methods, than 
cautions againft [154] them; yet many Eminent 
peribns being accufed, there w^as a neceffity of a 
ftop to be put to it. If it be true w^hat w^as faid 
at the Counfel-board in anfw^er to the commend- 
ations of Sir William^ for his flopping the pro- 
ceedings about Witchcraft, vi^^. That it was high 
time for him to ftop it, his own Lady being ac- 
cufed ; if that Aflertion were a truth, then New- 
England may feem to be more beholden to the 
accufers for arcufing of her, and thereby necefli- 
tating a ftop, than to Sir William^ or to the Advice 
that was given him by his Paftor/^o 

Mr. C. M. having been very forward to write 
Books of Witchcraft, has not been fo forward 
either to explain or defend the Doftrinal part 
thereof, and his belief (which he had a Years 
time to compofe) he durft not venture fo as to be 
copied. '7' Yet in this of the Life of Sir William 
he fufficiently teftifies his retaining that Hetero- 
dox belief, feeking by frightfull ftories of the 
fufferings of fome, and the refined fight of others, 
Gfr. P. 69 to obtrude upon the World, and con- 

^'" Dr. Douglafs goes further in Accufers in high Adlions for Dcfa- 

this Matter. He fays that ** fome mation ; this put a ftop to Accufa • 

of the Confcffing Witches, by over- lions." — Summary^ i, 450. 
ading their Parts in acculing fome ^'^ Referring to certain Anfwers 

of Gov. Phips's, and the Rev. Mr. in writing put into Mr. Calef 's 

Mather's Relations ; as alfo fome of Hands, with an Injunftion againft 

the Accufed good Chriftians, and his printing them. See ante. Vol. II, 

of good Eftates, thofe arreftcd the Page 86. 

i6o Pofifcript. [^54-] 

firm it in fiich a belief, as hitherto he either 
cannot or will not defend, as if the Blood already 
flied thereby were not fufficient.*^* 

Mr. /. Mather J in his Cafes of Confctence^ P. 25, 
tells of a Bewitched Eye, and that fuch can fee 
more than others. They were certainly bewitched 
Eyes that could fee as well (hut as open, and that 
could fee what never was, that"* could fee the Prif- 
oners upon the Afflidted, harming of them, when 
thofe whofe Eyes were not bewitched could have 
fworn that they did not ftir from the Bar. The 
Accufers are faid to have fuffered much by biting, 
P. 73. And the prints of juft fuch a fet of Teeth, 
as thofe they Accufed, had, but fuch as had not 
fuch bewitch'd Eyes have feen the Accufers bite 
themfelves, and then complain of the Accufed. 
It has alfo been feen when the Accufed, inftead 
of having juft fuch a fet of Teeth, has not had 

»*2 This Statement is fully borne the SpeBre or the Spindle: At laft, in 
out, as will be feen on referring to her Agonies, giving a Snatch at the 
the Life of Phips, as di redded above, SpeHre, fhe pulled the Spindle away ; 
or to the fame in the Magnalia^ B. and it was no fooner got into her 
ii, 60, et feq, / one Extrad here Hand, but the other Folks then 
muft fuffice : " But of all the Pre- prefeni beheld that it was indeed a 
ternatural things which befel thefe Real, Proper, Iron Spindle; which. 
People, there were none more unac- when they locked up very fafc, it 
countable than ihofc, wherein the was nevcrlhelefs by the Daemons 
preftigious Damons would ever now taken away to do farther Mifchief. ' 
and then cover the moft Corporeal In the Wonders of the Invijible 
Things in the World with a Faf- World (Vol. I, 205), this Story of 
cinating Miji of Invifibility. As the Spindle will be feen among the 
now; a Pcrfon was cruelly aflaulied Cmiojities, and is given, as the Au- 
by a SpeSlre, that, Ihe faid, run at ihor there tells the Reader, as ** a 
her with a Spindle, though im Body Bone to pick " for the Dogma- 
tic in the Room could fee either tical. See alfo Lawfon, 102. 




one in his head.'73 They were fuch bewitched 
Eyes that could fee the Poifonous Powder 
(brought by Speftres P. 70.) And that could fee 
in the Aflies the print of the Brand, there invifi- 
bly heate to torment the pretended Sufferers ^yith, 

Thefe with the reft of fuch Legends have this 
direft tendency, viz. To "tell the World that the 
Devil is more ready to ferve his Votaries, by his 
doing for them things above or againft the courfe 
of Nature, (hewing himfelf to them, and making 
explicit contract with them, &c. than the Divine 
Being is to his faithful Servants, and that as he is 

^ "3 It is highly intercfting to hear 
the Doftor's Account of this ; '* It 
was alfo found, that the Flcfh of the 
Afflidled was often BHten at fuch a 
Rate, that not only the Print of 
Teeth would be left on iheir F/eJb, 
but the very Slaver of Spittle too : 
As there would appear juft fuch a 
fet of Teeth as was in the Accufed^ 
even fuch as might be clearly diftin- 
guilhed from other People's. And 
ufually the Affii^ed went through a 
terrible Deal of fceming Difficulties 
from the tormenting Spe^res, and 
muft be long waited on before they 
could get a Breathing Space from 
their Tormentors to give in their 
Teftimonies."— Z//^ of Phips, in 
Magnalia, B. ii, 61-2. 

^^•* The Dodtor muft once again 
be heard, otherwife the Reader can 
have but a faint Idea of what our 
Author is expoling : " The Mifera- 

ble exclaimed extreamly of Brand- 
ing Irons heating at the Fire on the 
Hearth to mark them; now, ihough 
the Standers by could fee no Irons, 
yet they could fee diftindly the 
Print of them in the Aflics, and 
frnell them too as they were carried 
by the notjeen Furies,, unto the 
poor Creatures for whom they were 
intended ; and thofe poor Creatures 
were thereupon Stigmatized with 
them, that they will bear the Marks 
of them to their Dying Day. Nor 
are thefe the Tenth Part of the 
Prodigies that fell out among the 
Inhabitants of New England.'' — 
I Sid., Page 61. If any one, after 
reading thefe ftrongly exprefled Opi- 
nions of the learned Dodor, will 
entertain Doubts, as to his extreme 
Credulity and Faith in Witchcraft, 
it is not likely to be \n human 
Power to remove them. 

1 62 Poflfcript. [^54] 

willing, fo alfo able to perform their defires.'^s The 
way whereby thefe People are believed to arrive 
at a power to Afflift their Neighbours, is by a 
compadl with the Devil, and that they have a 
power to Commijjionate him to thofe Evils, P, 72, 
However Irrational, or infcriptural fuch Afler- 
tions are, yet they feem a neceflary part of the 
Faith of fuch as maintain the belief of fuch a 
fort of Witches. 

As the Scriptures know nothing of a covenant- 
ing or commiffioning Witch, fo Reafon cannot 
conceive how Mortals fliould by their Wickednefs 
arrive at a power to Commiffionate Angels, Fallen 
Angels, againft their Innocent Neighbours. But 
the Scriptures are full in it, and the Inftances nu- 
merous, that the Almighty, Divine Being has this 
prerogative to make ufe of what Inftrument he 
pleafeth, in Afflifting any, and confequently to 
commiffionate Devils : And tho this word com- 
miffioning, in the Authors former Books, might 
be thought to be by inadvertency, yet now after 
he hath been caution'd of it, ftill to perfift in it 
feems highly Criminal. And therefore in the 
name of God, I here charge fuch belief as guilty 
of Sacrilege in the higheft Nature, and fo much 
worfe than ftealing Church Plate, ^c. As it is 

^'5 The Cry of " Blafphcmcr, infinuatcs, that our Reverend Min- 

Sadducce, Infidel, Liar, Slanderer," ifters make the Devil an Independent 

Sec , Sec, could not then, nor at I^eing, and (as he fays) confequently 

any other Time, alter the Fadls fo a God, An abominable Charge!'* 

truly and fo I'uccinftly dated here. — Some Few Remarks, 8, 9. Sec, 

Againft the above is found : '* He alfo. Vol. I, Page 72-3. 




a higher Offence to. fteal any of the glorious At- 
tributes of the Al[i55]mighty, to beftow them 
upon Mortals, than it is to fteal the Utenfils ap- 
propriated to his Service, And whether to af- 
cribe fuch power of commiflioning Devils to the 
worft of Men, be not direft Blafphemy, I leave 
to others better able to determine. When the 
Pharifees were fo wicked as to afcribe to Beelze- 
buby the mighty works of Chrift (whereby he did 
manifeftly (hew forth his Power and Godhead) 
than it was that our Saviour declared the Sin 
againft the Holy Ghoft to be unpardonable. 

When the Righteous God is contending with 
Apoftate Sinners, for their departures from him, 
by his Judgments, as Plagues, Earthquakes, 
Storms and Tempefts, Sicknefles and Difeafes, 
Wars, lofs of Cattle, &c. Then not only to af- 
cribe this to the Devil, but to charge one anothe^ 
with fending or commiffionating thofe Devils t^ 
thefe things, is To abominable and fo wicked, ths 
it requires a better Judgment than mine to giv^ 
it its juft denomination. '76 

But that Chriftians fo called ftiould not only 
charge their fellow Chriftians therewith, but pro- 

*^'' And yet, as inconliftcnt with 
Rcafon as this' abfurd Stuff is, it 
was the generally prevailing Belief, 
and is thus defended in the Some Few 
Remarks, P. 8 ; " The whole Body 
of the Minifters in the Country 
are charged, as Guilty of Sacriledge 
in the higheft Degree, if not diredl 
Blafphemy, and Diabolical Wick- 

ednefs." It will at once be feen 
that this is as unjuft a Charge as 
Malignity in its Blindncfs could in- 
vent. Well did our Quaker Poet 
write, fome 1 7 Years ago : 

** When the Thought of Man is free, 
Error fears its lighted Tones; 
So the Prieft cried 'Sadducee!' 
And the People took up Stones.** 

i64 Poflfcript. [155] 

ceed to Trials and Executions; crediting that 
Enemy to all Goodnefs, and Accufer of the 
Brethren, rather than believe their Neighbours 
in their own Defence; this is fo Diabolical a 
Wickednefs as cannot proceed, but from a Doc- 
trine of Devils ; how far damnable it is let others 
difcufs. Though fuch things were afting in this 
Country in Sir Williams time, yet P. 65, There 
is a Difcourfe of a Guardian Angel, as then 
over-feeing it, which notion, however it may fuit 
the Faith of Ethnicks^ or the fancies of Trithe- 
mius ; it is certain that the Omniprefent Being, 
ftands not in need as Earthly Potentates do, ojf 
governing the World by Vicegerents. And if 
Sir William had fuch an Invifible pattern to imi- 
tate, no wonder though fome of his Aftions were 
unaccountable, efpecially thofe relating to Witch- 
craft : For if there was in thofe Aftions an Angel 
fuperintending, there is little reafon to think it 
was Gabriel or the Spirit of Mercury ^ nor Ha- 
nael the Angel or Spirit of Venus, nor yet Sam- 
uel the Angel or Spirit of Mars ; Names feigned 
by the faid Trithemius, &c. It may rather be 
thought to be Apollyon, or Abaddon. 

Obj. But here it will be faid. What are there 
no Witches ? Do's not the Law of God com- 
mand that they fliould be extirpated? Is the 
Command vain and Unintelligible ? Sol. For any 
to fay that a Witch is one that makes a compact 
with, and Commiffions Devils, &c. is indeed to 
render the Law of God vain and Unintelligible, 

[156] Fojifcript. 165 

as having provided no way whereby they might 
be detected, and proved to be fuch ; And how the 
"Jews waded thro this difficulty for fo many Ages, 
without the Supplement of Mr. Perkins and 
Bernard thereto, would be very myfterious. But 
to him that can read the Scriptures without pre- 
judice from Education, &c. it will manifeftly 
appear that the Scripture is full and Intelligible, 
both as to the Crime and means to detedt the 
culpable. He that (hall hereafter fee any perfon, 
who to confirm People in a falfe belief, about the 
power of Witches and Devils, pretending to a 
fign to confirm it ; fuch as knocking off of invifi- 
ble Chains with the hand, driving away Devils by 
brufliing, ftriking with a Sword or Stick, to wound 
a perfon at a great diftance, &c. may (according 
* to that head of Mr. Gauls^ quoted by Mr. C. M. 
and fo often herein before recited, and fo well 
proved by Scripture) conclude that he has feen 
Witchcraft performed. 

[156] If Baalam became a Sorcerer by Sacri- 
fizing and Praying to the true God againft his 
vifible people ; Then he that (hall pray that the 
afflifted (by their SpeSiral Sight) may accufe fome 
other Perfon (whereby their reputations and lives 
may be indangered) fuch will juftly deferve the 
Name of a Sorcerer. If any Perfon pretends to 
know more than can be known by humane means, 
and profefleth at the fame time that they have it 
from the Black-Man^ i. e. the Devi/, and fliall 
from hetice give Teftimony againft the Lives of 

i66 Poftfcript. [156] 

others, they are manifeftly fuch as have a familiar 
Spirit ; and if any, knowing them to have their 
Information from the Black-man^ fliall be inqui- 
fitive of them for their Teftimony againft others, 
they therein are dealing with fuch as have a Fa- 
miliar 'Spirit. 

And if thefe (hall pretend to fee the dead by 
their SpeSlral Sight, and others shall be inquifi- 
tive of them, and receive their Anfwers what it 
is the dead fay, and who it is they accufe, both 
the one and the other are by Scripture Guilty of 

Thefe are all of them crimes as eafily proved as 
any whatfoever, and that by fuch proof as the Law 
of God requires, fo that it is no Unintelligible Law. 

But if the Iniquity of the times be fuch that 
thefe Criminals not only Efcape Indemnified, but 
are Incouraged in their wickednefs, and madeufe 
of to take away the Lives of others, this is worfe 
than a making the Law of God Vain, it being a 
rendring of it dangerous, againft the Lives of In- 
nocents, and without all hopes of better, fo long 
as thefe Bloody Principles remain. 

As long as Chriftians do Efteem the Law of 
God to be ImperfeB, as not defcribing that crime 
that it requires to be Punifh'd by Death. 

As long as men fufFer themfelves to be Poifon'd 
in their Education, and be grounded in a Falfe 
Belief by the Books of the Heathen. 

As long as the Devil ftiall be believed to have 
a Natural Power, to A£l above and againft a courje 
of Nature. 

[i56] Pojifcript. 167 

As long as the Witches fhall be believed to have 
a Power to CommiJJion him. 

As long as the Devils Tejiimony^ by the pre- 
tended afflifted, (hall be received as more valid to 
Condemn^ than their Plea of Not Guilty to acquit. 

As long as the Accufed (hall have their Lives 
and Liberties confirmed and reftored to them, 
upon their Confejftng them/elves Guilty. 

As long as the Accufed (hall be forc't to un- 
dergo Hardjhips and Torments for their not Con- 

As long as Tets for the Devil to Suck are 
fearched for upon the Bodies of the accufed, as a 
token of guilt. 

As long as the Lord's Prayer (hall be profaned, 
by being made a Teft, who are culpable. 

As long as Witchcraft^ Sorcery , Familiar Spirits^ 
and Necromancy^ fhall be improved to difcover 
who are Witches, &c. 

So long it may be expeBed that innocents will 
fuffer as Witches. 

So long God will be Daily dijhonoured. And fo 
long his 'Judgments, mujl be expeBed to be con- 


'"7 Thcfe Notes may fittingly be One a Preacher of renown. 

clofed by another Exiraft from our ^ • j *k 1 a • u-.. ^r 

. 1 1 '^ 1 T* \ r Cried the laft, in bitter Tonc/— 

amiable Quaker Poet, who fecms , p,if^„„ ^f ^^e Wells of Truth, 

attentively to have examined the Satan s Hireling thou haft fown 
Charafters of both the Wonders With his Tares the Heart of Youth !' 

Spake the honeft Merchant then — 
•* In the folemn Days of Old, God be Judge 'twixt Thee and I j 

Two Men met in Bofton Town — All thou knowft of Truth hath been 

One a Merchant Frank and bold, Unto Men like thee a lie." 


Examination of Giles Cory. 

^HY this Examination was not given by Dr. 
Mather, in his Account of the Witchcraft, 
cannot be certainly ftated ; while it may be 
conjeftured that it was omitted for one of the two 
following Reafons : ift, it may have been thought 
not fufficiently damning to the Accufed ; or, adly, it 
may have been rejefted, as a great Part of the Pro- 
ceedings was, for want of Room. It feems not now 
to be among the Copies of thofe Proceedings recently 
made, or Mr. Woodward would not have omitted it 
in his Work. It is given here, as tranfcribed by Mr. 
David Pulfifer, for the Edition of the More Wonders^ 
&c., publifhed in Salem by Cufhing & Appleton, in 
1823. The previous Edition, of courfe, does not 
contain it.^ 

The Examination of Giles Cory, at a Court at Salem 
Village, held by John Hathorn and Jonathan Cur- 
win, Efqrs., April 19, 169a. 

Giles Cory, you are brought before Authority upon 

1 As will be feen, Mr. PuJfifer 
modernized the Orthography, while 
we have corrected the Punduation, 

in a few Inllances, and capitalized 
it agreeable to our previous uniform 
Old Style. 

lyo Appendix. 

high Sufpicion of fundry Ads of Witchcraft. Now 
tell us the Truth in this Matter. 

I hope, through the Goodnefs of God, I fhall ; for 
that Matter I never had no Hand in, in my Life. 

Which of you have feen this Man hurt you ? 

Mary Wolcott, Mercy Lewis, Ann Putman, Jr., 
and Abigail Williams affirmed he had hurt them. 

Hath he hurt you too? fpeaking to Elizabeth 
Hubbard. She going to anfwer was prevented by a Fit. 

Benjamin Gold, Hath he hurt you ? 

I have feen him feveral Times, and been hurt after 
it, but cannot affirm that it was he. 

Hath he brought the Book to any of you ? 

Mary Wolcott and Abigail Williams and others 
affirmed he had brought the Book to them. 

Giles Cory, they accufe you, or your Appearance, 
of hurting them, and bringing the Book to them. 
What do you fay ? Why do you hurt them ? Tell 
us the Truth. 

I never did hurt them. 

It is your Appearance hurts them, they charge you; 
tell us. What have you done ? 

I have done nothing to damage them. 

Have you never entered into Contraft with the 
Devil ? 

I never did. 

What Temptations have you had ? 

I never had Temptations in my Life. 

What ! have you done it without Temptations ? 

What was the Reafon (faid Good wife Bibber) that 
you were frighted in the Cow-houfe? And then the 
Queftionift was fuddenly feized with a violent Fit. 

Samuel Braybrook, Goodman Bibber, and his 
Daughter, teftified that he had told them this Morn- 
ing that he was frighted in the Cow-houfe. 

Appendix. 171 

Cory denied it. 

This was not your Appearance but your Perfon, 
and you told them fo this Morning. Why do you 
deny it ? 

What did you fee me in the Cow-houfe ? 

I never faw nothing but my Cattle. 

Divers witnefled that he told them he was frighted. 

Well, what do you fay to thefe Witnefles ? 

What was it frighted you ? 

I do not know that ever I fpoke the Word in my 

Tell the Truth. What was it frighted you ? 

I do not know any Thing that frighted me. 

All the Afflicfted were feized now with .Fits, and 
troubled with Pinches. Then the Court ordered his 
Hands to be tied. 

What ! Is it not enough to aft Witchcraft at other 
Times, but muft you do it now in Face of Authority ? 

I am a poor Creature and cannot help it. 

Upon the Motion of his Head again, they had 
their Heads and Necks afflifted. 

Why do you tell fuch wicked Lies againft Witnefles, 
that heard you fpeak after this Manner, this very 

I never faw anything but a black Hog. 

You faid that you were flopped once in Prayer ;- 
what ftopt you ? 

I cannot tell. My Wife came towards me and 
found Fault with me for faying living to God and 
dying to Sin. 

What was it frighted you in the Barn ? 

I know nothing frighted me there. 

Why there are three Witnefl^es that heard you fay 
fo to-day. 

I do not remember it. 

172 Appendix. 

Thomas Gold teftified that he heard him fay, that 
he knew enough againft his Wife, that would do her 

What was that you knew againft your Wife ? 

Why, that of living to God, and dying to Sin. 

The Marfhal and Bibber's Daughter confirmed the 
fame ; that he faid he could fay that that would do 
his Wife's Bufinefs. 

I have faid what I can fay to that. 

What was that about your Ox ? 

I thought he was hipt. 

What Ointment was that your Wife had when ftie 
was feized ? You faid it was Ointment ftie made by 
Major Gidney's Direftion. 

He denied it, and faid fhe had it of Goody Bibber, 
or from her Direftion. 

Goody Bibber faid it is not like that Ointment. 

You faid you knew upon your own Knowledge, 
that Ihe had it of Major Gidney. 

He denied it. 

Did you not fay, when you went to -the Ferry with 
your Wife, you would not go over to Bofton now, for 
you fliould come yourfelf next Week ? 

I would not go over becaufe I had not Money. 

The Marfhal teftified he faid as before. 

One of his Hands was let go, and feveral were af- 
flifted. He held his Head on one Side, and then the 
Heads of feveral of the Afflifted were held on one 
Side. He drew in his Cheeks, and the Cheeks of 
fome of the Afflifted were fuckt in. 

John Bibber and his Wife gave in Teftimony con- 
cerning fome Temptations he had to make away with 

How doth this agree with what you faid, that you 
had no Temptations ? 

Appendix. 173 

I meant Temptations to Witchcraft. 

If you can give way to felf-murther, that will make 
way to Temptation to Witchcraft. 

Note. — There was Witnefs by feveral, that he faid 
he would make away with himfelf, and charge his 
Death upon his Son. 

Goody Bibber teftified that the faid Cory called 
faid Bibber's Hufband, Damned Deviliih Rogue. 

Other vile Expreflions teftified [to] in open Court 
by feveral others. 

Salem Village, April 19, 1692. Mr. Samuel Paris 
being defired to take in Writing the Examination of 
Giles Cory, delivered it in ; and upon hearing the 
fame, and feeing what we did fee at the Time of his 
Examination, together with the Charge of the afflifted 
Perfons againft him, we committed him to their Ma- 
jefties Gaol.* 

John Hathorn. 


THE following Ballad, in the Chevy Chafe Style, 
was cut from a Newfpaper fixteen years ago. 
No one at this Day will probably require to be in- 
formed who was the Author of it, as but one Perfon 
probably could have written it. I have not looked 
over the Poems of Mr. Whittier to fee if it be there. 
Any one having an inclination may do fo. The In- 
troduftion accompanied it, on its firft appearance: 

52 It does not appear that thefe careleflly or purpofely ; while, view- 
Minutes oi Examination were read ing the Cafe as it ftands, it feems 
to the Accufed; or that any Op- incredible that the Accufed could 
portunity was afforded him to cor- have been thought deferving of even 
red any Misftaiements which the a lenient Reprimand. Too humili- 
biafled Scribe might have made, ating for Contemplation ! 

174 Appendix. 

The following Ballad is handed in for Prefervation 
as illuftrative of that dark Period in our local Hiftory. 
Giles Corey and his Wife lived in what is now Dan- 
vers, and the Spot is now pointed out on the Eftate of 
Hon. Daniel P. King where their Houfe formerly ilood. 
The Localities are faft fading out from Remembrance, 
and I venture the Suggeftion that it may be in the 
Province of the Hiftorical Department of our Effex 
Inftitute to mark them by fome permanent Monu- 
mental Ereftion. — Salem Obferver. 


A BALLAD OF 169!. 

Come all New-England Men 

And hearken unto me. 
And I will tell what did befalle 

Upon ye Gallows Tree. 

In Salem Village was the Place 

As I did heare them faye, 
And Goodwyfe Corey was her Name 

Upon that paynfull Daye : 

This Goody Corey was a Witch 

The People did believe, 
Afflifting of the Godly Ones 

Did make them fadlie Greave. 

There were two pyous Matron Dames 

And goodly Maidens Three, 
That cryed upon this heynous Witch 

As you fhall quicklie fee. 

Goodwyfe Bibber, fhe was one, 
And Goodwyfe Goodall two. 

Appendix. 175 

Thefe were ye fore afflifted ones 
By Fyts and Pynchings too : 

And thofe Three Damfels fair 

She worried them full fore, 
As all could fee upon their Arms 

The divers Marks they bore. 

And when before the Magiftrates 

For Tryall fhe did ftand, 

This Wicked Witch did lye to them 

While holding up her Hand; 

" I pray you all Good Gentlemen 

Come liften unto me, 
I never harmed thofe two Goodwyfes 

Nor yet thefe Children Three:" 

** I call upon my Saviour Lord " 

(Blafphemoufly (he fayed) 
"As Witnefs of my Innocence 

In this my hour of Need." 

The Godly Minifters were (hockt 
This Witch-prayer for to hear, 

And fome did fee ye Black Man* there 
A whifpering in her Eare. 

The Magiflrates did faye to her 

Moft mrely thou doth lye, 
Confefs thou here thy hellifti Deeds 

Or ill Death thou muft dye. 

She rent her Cloaths, (he tore her Haire, 
And lowdly (he did crye, 

* Satan. 

176 Appendix. 

" May Chrifte forgive mine Enimies 
When I am called to dye." 

This Goodwyfe had a Goodman too, 

Giles Corey was his Name, 
In Salem Gaol they (hut him in 

With his blafphemous Dame. 

Giles Corey was a Wizzard ftrong, 

A ftubborn Wretch was he. 
And fitt was he to hang on high 

Upon ye Locuft Tree : 

So when before ye Magiftrates 

For tryall he did come, 
He would no true Confeflion make 

But was compleatlie dumbe. 

" Giles Corey," faid ye Magiftrate, 
*^ What haft thou heare to pleade 

To thefe who now accufe thy foule 
Of Crymes and horrid Deed ?" 

Giles Corey — he fayde not a Word, 

No single Word fpake he : 
" Giles Corey," fayth ye Magiftrate, 

" We'll prefs it out of thee." 

They got them then a heavy Beam, 

They layde it on his Breaft, 
They loaded it with heavy Stones, 

And hard upon him preft. 

" More weight," now fayd this wretched Man, 
" More weight," again he cryed, * 

And he did no Confeflion make 
But wickedlie he Dyed. 

Appendix. 177 

Dame Corey lived but fix Dayes more, 

But fix Day's more lived (he, 
For She was hung at Gallows Hill 

Upon ye Locuft Tree. 

Rejoyce all true New-England Men, 

Let Grace ftill more abounde, 
Go fearch ye Land with myght and maine 

Till all thefe Imps be founde: 

And that will be a glorious Daye, 

A goodlie Sight to fee, 
When you (hall hang thefe Brands of Fyre 

Upon ye Gallows Tree. 


Tejiimony of William Beale^ of Marble- 
^ heady againjl Mr. Philip Englijh of 
Salem y Given Auguji id^ 1692. Taken 
from the Original. 

AS Philip Englifh was a Man of a large Eftate for 
thofe Days, and carried on an extenfive Bufi- 
nefs, it may be thought Angular that Mr. Calef (hould 
make no Mention of his Cafe in his Work. It may 
be that he had not fufficient Data for the Purpofe ; 
or, more probably, it may have been, that for certain 
Reafons he chofe to leave the Matter in the Hands 
of the two Minifters of the Old South, who, or one 
of whom, had not the Independence to work openly 
with Mr. Calef, but who, clandeftinely, took the Part 
of the Accufed, and helped him to efcape. However 
this may have been, fo far as Mr. Willard was con- 


178 Appendix. 

cerned, enough will have been feen in Mr. Calef's 
Work to caufe an Agitation of the Queftion. And 
yet, it will appear, from what is to follow, that Mr. 
Moody (then with Mr. Willard in the Old South) 
was the principal Inftrument in the Proteftion and 
final Efcape of Mr. Englifti and his Wife from the 
Jaws of a " blind Ferocity." 

The Teftimony of William Beaie, which follows 
was probably contrived by certain Parties to recover 
Property owned or claimed by Mr. Englifti. At the 
Time of his Arreft, he owned a Ship of 170 Tons, 
named the Porcupine, which was commanded by 
Robert Bartel, whofe Son, William Bartel, was living 
in 1739, ^^ ^^^ ^g^ of 45. 

Mr. Englifti, it is faid, was an Epifcopalian. Whe- 
ther his Sentiments had anything to do with his being 
proceeded againft, does not appear. He ftated that 
by the Profecution he was damaged £1,500. A Peti- 
tion of his to the Committee appointed by the General 
Court to compenfate Sufferers may be feen in Mr. 
Woodward's ColleSionSy ii, 233. It is curious to fee 
now the Awards made to the Survivors of thofe 
whofe Mothers and Fathers had been judicially mur- 
dered ! A few Pounds feems to have fettled the Ac- 

What follows, previous to William Beale's Tefti- 
mony, although once printed, will be quite new, pro- 
bably, to the Majority of Readers; and it is due to 
the Memory of a persecuted Family to perpetuate it 
in Connexion with the wicked Attempt at their Ruin. 

About the Year 18 10, the Rev. Timothy Alden 
was engaged in preparing a Catalogue of Books for 
the Maflachufetts Hiftorical Society. While in this 
Employment he procured from the Rev. William 
Bentley, D.D., of Salem, the enfuing Account of 

Appendix. 179 

Mr. Englifh. What led to this Refult was Mr. Al- 
den's Endeavors to obtain Information concerning a 
Portfmouth Gentleman. Mr. Alden was then much 
interefted in Portfmouth Affairs. Dr. Bently pro- 
ceeds: "In the Times of the Witchcraft in Salem 
Village, no Perfon diftinguifhed for Property, and 
known in the commercial World, was accufed but 
Philip Engli(h.3 He came young into America, from 
the Ifland of Jerfey, lived in the Family of Mr. Hol- 
lingworth, a rich Inhabitant of Salem, and afterwards 
married his only Daughter and Child, Sufanna. The 
Wife had received at)etter Education than is common 
even at this Day [1809], as Proofs I hold fufficiently 

"From fome Prejudices, as early as April 21ft, 
1692, fhe was accufed of Witchcraft, examined, and 
committed to Prifon in Salem. Her Firmnefs is 
memorable. Six Weeks (he was confined ; but, being 
vifited by a fond Hulband, her Hufband was alfo 
accufed, and confined in the fame Prifon. By the 
Interceffion of Friends, and by a Plea that the Prifon 
was crowded, they were removed to Arnold's Jail in 
Bofton, till the Time of Trial. 

" In Bofton, upon giving Bail, they had the Liberty 
of the Town, only lodging in Prifon. Upon their 
Arrival, Meflrs. Willard and Moodey vifited them, 
and difcovered every Difpofition to confole them in 
their Diftrefs. On the Day before they were to re- 
turn to Salem for Trial, Mr. Moodey waited upon 
them in the Prifon, and invited them to publick 
Worftiip. On the Occafion he chofe for the Text, 
If they persecute you in one City, flee to ano- 

3 This Opinion of the Dodlor do not know by what Standard he 
may be queftioned, fo long as we meafured Weahh at that Time. 

i8o Appendix. 

THER. In the Difcourfe, with a manly Freedom, he 
juftified every Attempt to efcape from the Forms of 
Juftice, when Juftice was violated in them. After 
Service Mr. Moodey vifited the Prifoners in the Gaol, 
and aflced Mr. Englifh whether he took Notice of his 
Difcourfe ? Mr. Englifti faid he did not know whether 
he had applied it as he ought, and wiftied fome 
Converfation upon the Subjeft. Mr. Moodey then 
frankly told him that his Life was in Danger, and he 
ought by all means to provide for an Efcape. Many, 
faid he, have fufFered. Mr. Englifti then . replied, 
God will not fufFer them to hurt me. Upon this, 
Mrs. Englifti faid to her Huft^and, Do you not 
think that they, who have fufFered already, are inno- 
cent? He faid. Yes. Why then may not we fufFer 
alfo? Take Mr. Moody's Advice. Mr. Moody, 
then told Mr. Englifti, that, if he would not carry 
his Wife away, he would. He then informed him, 
that he had perfuaded feveral worthy Perfons in 
Bofton, to make Provifion for their Conveyance out 
of the Colony ; and, that a Conveyance had been 
obtained, encouraged by the Governour, Gaoler, &c., 
which would come at Midnight, and that proper Re- 
commendations had been obtained to Gov. Fletcher 
of New- York; fo that he might give himfelf no con- 
cern about any one Circumftance of the Journey; 
that all Things were amply provided. The Govern- 
our alfo gave Letters to Gov. Fletcher, and, at the 
Time appointed, Mr. Englifti, his Wife, and Daughter 
were taken and conveyed to New York. He found 
that, before his Arrival, Mr. Moodey had difpatched 
Letters, and the Governour, with many private Gen- 
tlemen came out to meet him ; and the Governour 
entertained him at his own Houfe, and paid him 

Appendix. i8i 

every Attention, while he remained in the City. On 
the next Year he returned.4^ 

"In all this Bufinefs, Mr. Moody openly juftified 
Mr. Englifti, and, in defiance of all the Prejudices 
which prevailed, exprefled his Abhorrence of the 
Meafures which had obliged a ufeful Citizen to flee 
from the Executioners. Mr. Moodey was commended 
by all difcerning Men ; but he felt the angry Re- 
fentment of the deluded Multitude of his own Times ; 
among whom, fome of high Rank were included. He 
foon after left Bofton and returned to Portfmouth. 

" Mrs. Englifti died in 1694, at 42 Years of Age, 
in Confequence of the ungenerous Treatment flie had 
received. Her Hulband died at 84 Years of Age, in 


*^This is the Subftance of Communications made 
to me at different Times from Madam Sufanna Ha- 
thorne, his great-grand- Daughter, who died in Salem, 
28 Auguft, 1802, at the Age of 80 Years, who re- 
ceived the Account from the Defendants of Mr. 
Englifti, who dwelt upon his Obligations to Mr. 
Moodey with great Pleafure." 

William Beales of Marbllee Fiead, aged upward of 
Sixty Yeares, teftifieth and faith, that lafl: March pafl: 
was twelve Moenth, towards the latter end of the 
Moenth ; then myfelf beeinge in the Houfe of George 

4 Mr. Englifti was arreftcd by of Auguft following. Sec Felt, An- 

Jacob Manning, the Deputy Mar- nals of Salem, ii, 479. 
fhal, 31 May, 1692. Mrs. Eng- •'» Of this Perfon, I have not at- 

lifti was committed on April 22d, tempted to add anything to what is 

preceding. The Time of their contained in Lewis's Lynn and Sav- 

Transfer to Bofton, I do not find; age's Diffionary, Perhaps he was 

but Mr. Englifti was in Prifon about wife enough to keep out of the 

nine Weeb. Hence it is inferred Way of Philip Englifti after his Re- 

that their Efcapc was about the firft turn. 

1 82 Appendix. 

Bonfeilds, of Marbllee Head, whither 1 repaired, that 
I might haue heipe to nurfe, or Looke after mee, be- 
caufe of a very greate and wracking Paine had feized 
upp on my Body, and the Diftemper of the Small Pox 
then beeing in my Houfe, and my Son Jamis at the 
fame Time then in my Houfe, lying fick; then to- 
wards the latter End of that Moenth, Aforefayed, in 
that Houfe, as I lay in my Bed, in the Morneinge, 
prefently after it was faiere light abroade in the Roome 
where I lay in my Bed, which was layed lowe and 
neere unto the Fire, towards the norward part of the 
Roome ; I beeing broade Awake, I then faw upon the 
fouth laume [Jamb] of that Chimny, A darke Shade 
which couered the laume of that Chimney aforefayed, 
from the under Floore to the upper Flloore, and alfoe 
A dar[k]nefs more then it was beefore, in the foutherne 
Part of the Houfe, and alfoe in the Middllee of the 
Darknefs, in the Shade uppon the laume of the Chim- 
ny aforefayed, I beeheld fomethinge of the Forme or 
Shape of A Man. I tooke moft notice of his Legs, be- 
cause they weere of A very greate Statute, or Bignefs. 
I wondred at the Sighte, and therefore I turned my 
Head as I lay in my Bed, and caft my Eyes towards the 
fouth Side of the Houfe, to fee if the Sun weere rifen, or 
whether there weere any Perfon or anythinge in the 
Houfe, which by the help of the Sun might caufe fuch 
A Shade or Shape, but I faw non, nor any Lighte of 
the Sun in that Room then. I then turned my Head 
uppon the Pillow, where it was before, I faw in the 
darknefs aforefayed the plaine Shape or els the Perfon 
of Phillip Englifh of Salem, the which. Reports fay, 
married with William Hollingworths^ Daughter of 

" Mr. Savage fays that Mr. Hoi- ing in Scnfe, may be fuppo/ed to 
lingworth's Name was Richard, have known the given Name of a 
Bcale, though apparently much want- prominent Man like HoUingworth, 

Appendix. 183 

Salem, ackcordinge to my beft Judgement, Knoledg 
and Underftandinge of him, as I had formerly Knoledg 
and Ackyuaintance with him, my Coniecktures of him 
and thefe Paflages aforefayed were as followeth : what Is 
this Mans buifnefs heere now ? I remember not that 
euer I bought or fold with him, either more or lefs, 
or which way came hee hither, fo foone this Morneinge, 
by Land or by Water ; or hath he been at Marbllee 
Head all Nighte ? And then laboreing to correckt my 
[Thoughts] not to thinke that hee was A Wich, and 
flyinge to our Omnipotent Jehouah for his Bleffing 
and Protecktion, by fecret Eiaculations, inftantly the 
Roome, aforefayed, became cleare, and the Shape, 
Shade, or Perfon vanifhed; and this was about the 
Time News was brought to mee in the Morning, that 
my Son James was very like to recover of the Small Pox, 
which I left at Kome fick ; and the fame Day, in the 
After noone, came News that hee was fuddenly ttrooke 
with A Paine on his Side, and did not expedt to Hue 
three Houres ; and according to my Judgment, before 
three Houres weere ended, Newes came that he was 
departed this Life, at which Docktor lackfon, which 
was his Docktor, and William Dagget, which was his 
Nurfe, both of Marbllee Head, told mee that they Ad- 
mired and Wondred; and it was not many Moenths 
before, that my Son George Beale, departed this Life in 
the fame Houfe, and complained of A ftoping in his 
Throate, after he was recouered of the Small Pox. 

with whom he was probably well HoUingworth Family came to Sa- 

acquaimcd. It feems however, that lem in 1635. The Name is of- 

Bcale confounded the Name of the ten fince fpclt HoUingJ'worth. See 

Son with that of the Father. The Founders ofN, Eng. P. 40, 

184. Appendix. 

Hee deceafed January the 23 before my Son Eames 
deceafe aforefayde. 

Marbllee Head Attefted to this Truth by 

Aguft the Q.cond mee William Beale. 


Far[ther] this Deponent teftifieth that in the Springe 
of the Yeare before the New England Forces went for 
Cannady, Phillip Englifh aforefayed, came into a 
Neighbors Houfe where this Deponent then was pre- 
fent, and then in a fawning and flattering Manner, 
fayed to me: You are him which can give mee A good 
Evidence in fhewing mee the Bounds of my Land. 
This Deponent replyed, and fayed, I know not of any 
you have ; Phillip Englifh replyed yes you doe, and 
If you will I[le pay] you well. I have a Peice of 
eighte in my Pocket for you, and named A Peice of 
Land ly[ing] a certaine Diftance from my Houfe, 
which I think Mr. Richard Reede7 of Marblle [Head] 
was then and is now in Pofleflion of it ; this Deponent 
replyed, doe not tell mee of your Peice of eight, for 
If I bee called, I muft give Evidence againft you, and 
told him what I muft fay ; at which hee feemed to 
bee moued, and told me that I lyed, with more Dif- 
courfe aboute [it,] and fo then wee departed. Then the 
next [Feb ?] enfuing, which was about the Time that 
the Forces began to com from Cannady, I then haueing 
heard that Phillip Englifh aforefayd, had arrefted Mr. 
Reade aforefayde, about the Land aforefayde, I then, 
as I thought it my Duty in Concience, ackquainted 
Mr. Reeds Son with what I could fay concerninge the 
Titllee of the Lande aforefayed, and withall told him of 

' For fome Account of him, con- by J. W. Reed, Efq. publilhed 
full the Uiflory of the Reed Family^ 1861, Page 42. 

Appendix. 185 

Witnefs, as namely Thomas Farrar Senr,^ of Linn ; 
then afterward uppon their Requeft I rode to Lin and 
at Lin Mill there I found Thomas Farare, afore- 
fayed, and as wee rode alonge Lin Commons there 
beetwixt the Reuerende Mr. Sheapards Houfe and 
Mr. Ley tons, then beinge in difcourfe aboute the 
Titllee of the Lande aforefayed, my Nofe gufhed out 
bleedeinge in a moft extrordinary manner ; fo that I 
bllodyed a HankerftiifF of an confiderablle biggnefs, 
and allfoe ran downe uppon my Cloaths and uppon 
my Horfe Mane. I lighted of my Horf thinking the 
iodginge [jogging] of my Horfe mighte caufe it; but 
it kept on, Allthough not alltog[eth]er fo bad, till I 
came to Mr. Reades at Marbllee head, and it hath 
not blead as I can remember neuer fince I was a Boy, 
exept about that time, nor fince that time, exept by 
Ackcident that it was hurt. 

Thiefe Things that are fet downe laft were before 
the former Euidence. William 

Owned the aboue written before the Beale 

Grand lury vpon the Oath hee had taken in Covrt 

Jen'y 12*^, 1692. 
Robert P^ne 



ON a firft and curfory Perufal of the Examination 
of the Indian Woman belonging to Mr. Par- 
ris's Family, it was concluded not to Print it, and 
only refer to it; that is, only refer to the Extraft from it 

8 In the iV. Eng, Hifl, and Gen. Account of this Individual will be 
Re^, Vol. VI, Page 316, fome found. 


1 86 Appendix. 

contained in the History and Antiquities of Bos- 
ton. But when the Editorial labor upon thefe Vol- 
umes was nearly completed, a reperufal of that Ex- 
amination was made, and the refult determined the 
Editor to give it a place in this Appendix. His 
opinion of it, and of thofe who procured it of the 
fimple Indian, has been exprefled in a previous Page. 

The Examination is valuable on feveral accounts, 
,the Chief of which is the Light it throws on the Com- 
mencement of the Delufion. It does not appear that 
either Dr. Mather or Mr. Calef ever faw it, or their 
Accounts of the Beginning of the Tranfaftions would 
have been more explicitly ftated. The Original (now 
for the first time Printed,^) came into the Editor's 
Hands fome five and twenty Year's fince. It is more 
extenfive than any of the Examir.ations yet brought 
to light. This is accounted for by its being the Firft 
of that cruel and fenfelefs Series of illegal Proceedings 
which ended in fo much Agony, Diftrefs, Wretched- 
nefs and Blood. 

This Examination, more, perhaps, than any of the 
reft, exhibits the atrocious Method employed by the 
Examinant of caufing the poor, ignorant Accufed to 
own and acknowledge Things put into their Mouths 
by a manner of queftioning as much to be condemned 
as Perjury itfelf ; inafmuch as it was fure to produce 
that Crime. In this Cafe the Examined was taken 
from Jail and placed upon the Stand, and was foon fo 
confufed that (he could fcarcely know what to fay ; 
while it is evident that all of her Anfwers were at firft 
true, becaufe direft, ftraightforward, and reafonable. 
The Strangenefs of the Queftions and the long Per- 

•^ A brief and garbled Extraft is placed after ihc " 29th of March, 
among the Records, not dated, but 169J"! 

Appendix. 187 

fiftence of the Queftioners could lead to no other 
refult but the confounding of what little Underftand- 
ing the Accufed was at beft poflefled of Hence this 
Record of incoherent Nonfenfe here fubmitted ; and 
of the fame tenor was nearly all the Evidence ufed, 
which took away the Lives of numbers of innocent 

The Examination was before Meffrs. Hathorne and 
Corwin. The Former took down the refult, which is 
all in his peculiar Chirography. The firft Proceeding 
printed in Mr. Woodward's Colledion, having rela- 
tion to the Witchcraft affair, is a Warrant for the 
Apprehenfion of Sarah Good, and is dated Feb. 29th, 
169^.*° On the next Day, March ift, the Conftable, 
George Locker, made Return, that he had brought 
the faid " Saragh Good/' &c. Whether (he were pre- 
fent at Tituba's Examination, .does not appear; while 
the Documents fhow that the Apprehenfion of Sarah 
Good, and the Examination of Tituba were on the 
fame Day. 

Tittube the Indian Woman Examined, March, i. 169J. 

Q. Why doe you hurt thefe poor Children ? What 
harme haue thay done unto you ? A. They doe noe 
harme to mee. I noe hurt them att all. Q. Why have 
you done itt ? A. I haue done nothing. I cant tell 
when the Devill works. Q.. What, doth the Devill tell 
you that he hurts them ? A. Noe. He tells me nothing. 
Q. Doe you never fee fomething appeare in fome 
Shape ? A. Noe, never fee any thing. Q. What Fa- 
miliarity have you with the Devill, or what is itt that 

'0 The Papers infertcd in the a later Date. A Rearrangement, 
Records previous to this are, of or Recompilation of the Witchcraft 
courfe, out of place, as they are of Papers muft at fometime be made. 

1 88 Appendix. 

you convcric withall ? Tell the Truth, whoc itt is that 
hurts them ? A. The Devill, for ought I know. Q. 
What Appearance, or how doth he appeare when he 
hurts them with what Shape, or what is he like, that 
hurts them A, Like a Man, I think. Yefterday, I 
being in the Leantoe Chamber, I faw a Thing like a 
Man, that touid me fearve him, and I tould him Noe, I 
would nott doe fuch Thing. She charges Goody OA 
burne and Sarah Good, as thofe that hurt them Child- 
ren, and would have had hir done itt ; fhe iayth (he 
hath feen foure, two of which fhe knew nott ; flic faw 
them laft Night, as (he was wafhing the Roome. They 
tould me hurt the Children, and would haue had me 
gone to Bofton. Ther was 5 of them with the Man. 
rhey tould me if I would nott goe and hurt them 
they would doe foe to mee. Att firft 1 did agree 
with them, but afterward I tould them I doe foe 
noe more. Q. Would they have had ^ou hurt the 
Children the laft Night? A. Yes, butt I was forry, 
and I fayd I would doe foe noe more, but tould I 
would Fcare God. Q. Butt why did nott you doe 
foe before? A. Why they tell me I had done foe 
before, and therefore, I muft goe on. Thefe were the 
4 woemen, and the Man, but fhe knew none but Of- 
burne and Good, only; the other were of Bofton. Q. 
Att firft beginning with them, what then appeared to 
you ; what was itt like, that gott you to doe itt ? A. 
One like a Man, Juft as I was goeing to fleep, came to 
me. This was when the Children was firft hurt. He 
fayd he would kill the Children, and fhe would never 
be well ; and he fayd. If I would nott ferue him he 
would doe foe to mee. Q. Is that the fame Man that 
appeared before to you ? that appeared the laft Night 
and tould you this ? A. Yes. Q. what other LikenefTes 
befides a Man hath appeared to you ? A. Sometimes 

Appendix. 189 

like a Hogge, fometimes like a great black Dogge, 
foure tymes. Q. But what did they fay unto, you ? 
A. They tould me ferve him, and that was a good 
way ; that was the black Dogge. I tould him I was 
afrayd. He tould me he would be worfe then to 
me. Q. What did you fay to him then, after that ? 
A. I anfwer, I will ferve you noe Longer. He tould 
me he would doe me hurt then. Q. What other 
Creatures have you feen ? A. A Bird. Q. What 
Bird? A. A little yellow Bird. Q. Where doth 
itt keep ? A. With the Man whoe hath pretty 
Things more befides. Q. What other pretty Things ? 
A. He hath nott fhowed them unto me, but he laid 
he would ftiowe them me to morrow, and tould me 
if I would ferve him, I ftiould have the Bird. Q. 
What other Creatures did you fee ? A. I faw 2 Catts, 
one Red, another Black, as bigge as a little Dogge. 
Q. What did.thefe Catts doe ? A. I dont know. I have 
feen them two tymes. Q. What did they Say ? A. They 
Say, Serve them. Q. When did you fee them ? A. I 
faw them laft Night. Q. Did they do any hurt to you 
or threaten you ? A. They did Scratch me. Q. 
When ? A. After prayer; and Scratched me bec^ufe 
I would not ferve hir. And when they went away I 
could nott fee, but thay ftood before the Fire. Q. 
What Service doe thay expedt from you ? A. They 
fay more hurt to the Children. Q. How did you pinch 
them when you hurt them ? A. The other pull mee and 
hall me. to pinch the Childe, and I am very forry 
For itt? Q. Whatt made you hould your Arme when 
you were fearched ? What had you there ? A. I had 
nothing. Q. Do nott thofe Catts fuck you ? A. 
Noe, never yett. I would nott lett them. But they had 
almoft thruft me into the Fire. Q. How doe you 
hurt thofe that you pinch ? Doe you gett thofe Catts, 

IQO Appendix. 

or other Things to doe itt for you ? Tell us, how is 
itt done ? A. The Man fends the Catts to me, and bids 
me pinch them ; and I think I went once to Mr. 
Griggs's, and have pinched hir this Day in the Morne- 
ing. The Man brought Mr. Griggs's Mayd to me, 
and made me pinch hir. Q. Did you ever goe with 
thefe Woemen ? A. They are very ftrong, and 'pull 
me, and make me goe with them. Q. Where did you 
goe ? A. Up to Mr. Putnams, and make me hurt 
the Child. Q. Whoe did make you goe ? A. A Man 
that is very ftrong, and thefe two woemen. Good, and 
Olburne, but I am forry. Q. How did you goe? 
Whatt doe you Ride upon ? A. I Ride upon a Stick, 
or Poale, and Good, and Olburne behind me ; we Ride 
takeing hold of one another ; don't know how we goe, 
for I faw noe Trees, nor Path, but was prefently there, 
when wee were up. Q. How long fince you began to 
pinch Mr. Parris s Children ? A. I did nott pinch them 
att the Firft, but thay made me afterward. Q. Have 
you feen Good, and Olburne Ride upon a Poule ? A. 
Yes, and have held Faft by mee: I was nott att 
Mr. Griggs's but once, butt it may be fend fomething 
like mee ; neither would I have gone, butt that they tell 
me, they will hurt me. Laft Night they Tell me I 
muft kill fome body with the Knife. Q. Who were 
they that Told you Soe ? A. Sarah Good, and Of- 
burne, and they would have had me killed Thomas Put- 
nam's Child laft Night. The Child alfoe affirmed, that 
att the fame Tyme, thay would have had hir Cutt of 
hir own Head; for if fhe would nott, they Tould hir 
Tittubee would Cutt itt off; and then ftie Complayned 
att the fame Time of a Knife Cutting of hir. When 
hir M after hath afked hir about thefe Things, She 
Sayth thay will nott lett hir Tell, but Tell hir if ftie 
Tells, hir Head ftiall be Cutt off. Q. Who Tells 

Appendix. 191 

you foe ? A. The Man, Good, and Ofburnes Wife. 
Goody Good Came to hir laft Night, when her Matter 
was att Prayer, and would nott lett hir hear, and fhe 
Could nott hear a good whyle. Good hath one of 
tbofe Birds, the yellow Bird, and would have given 
mee itt, but I would not have itt : and in Prayer 
Tyme fhe ftoped my Eares and would nott lett me 
hear. Q. What fhould you have done with itt. A. Give 
itt to the Children, which yellow Bird hath bin feve- 
rall Tymes feen by the Children. I faw Sarah Good 
have itt on hir Hand, when (he Came to hir, when 
Mr. Parris was att prayer: I faw the Bird fuck Good 
betweene the fore Finger and Long Finger, upon the 
Right Hand. Q. Did you never praftife Witchcraft ^ 
in your owne Country ? A, Noe. Never before now. \/ 
Q. Did you fee them doe itt now ? A. Yes. To Day ; - 
but twas in the Morning. Q. Butt did you fee them doe* 
itt now, while you are Examininge ? A. Noe, I did 
nott See them, but I Saw them hurt att other Tymes. I 
faw Good have a Catt befide the yellow Bird, which was 
with hir. Q. What hath 0(burne gott to goe with hir ? 
A. Some thing I don't know what itt is. I can't name 
itt. I don't know how itt looks. She hath two of 
them. One of them hath Wings, and two Leggs, and a 
Head like a Woeman. The Children Saw the Same butt 
Yefterday, which afterward Turned into a Woeman. 
Q. What is the Other Thing that Goody Ofburne hath ? 
A. A Thing all over hairy ; all the Face hayry, and a 
long Nofe, and I don't know how to tell how the Face 
looks; .with Two Leggs, itt goeth uprighte, and is 
about Two or three Foot high, and goeth upright 
like a Man ; and laft Night itt Stood before the Fire, 
in Mr. Parris's Hall. Q. Whoe was that appeared like 
a Wolfe to Hubbard, as (he was goeing from Proftures? 
A. Itt was Sarah Good, and I faw hir fend the Wolfe 

192 Appendix, 

to hir. Q. What Cloathes doth the Man appeare unto 
you in ? A. Black Cloaths, fometimes, fometimes 
Searge Coat of other Couler ; a Tall Man with white 
J hayr, I think. Q. What Aparrell doe the Woemen 
ware ? A. I don't know what Couller. Q. What kind 
of Cloathes hath She? A. A black (ilk Hood, with a 
white Silk Hood under itt, with Sopknotts, which Woe- 
man I know not, but have feen hir in Bofton, when I 
lived there. Q. What Cloathes the little Woman ? 
A. a Searge Coat with a white Cap, as I think. The 
Children having Fitts at this very Time, She was 
afked, whoe hurt them ? She Anfwers Goody Good ; and 
the Children affirmed the fame; butt Hubbard being 
taken in an Extreame Fitt ; after, fhe was afked, whoe 
hurt hir ? and fhe fayd fhe Could nott tell, butt Sayd 
they blinded hir, and would not lett hir fee, and after 
that, was once or twice taken dumb hir felf. 

Second Examination. March. 2. 169 J. 

Q.»What Covenant did you make with that Man 
that came to you ? What did he tell you. A. He tell 
me he God, and I mufl beleive him, and ferve him 
fix Yeares, and he would give me many fine Things. 
Q. How longe a goue was this ? A. About fix 
Weeks, and a little more; Fryday Night before Abi- 
gail was 111. Q. What did he fay you mufl doe more ? 
Did he fay you mufl write any Thing? Did he offer 
you any Paper? A. Yes, the next Time he come to 
me, and fhowed me fome fine Things ; fome Thing 
like Creatures ; a little Bird, fome Thing like green 
and white. Q. Did you promife him this when he 
fpake to you ? Then what did you anfwer him. A 
I then Sayd this, I tould him I Could nott beleive 
him God ; I tould him I afk my Maifler, and would 
have gone up, but he flopt mee, and would nott lett 

Appendix. 193 

me. Q. Whatt did you promifs him ? A. The firft 
Tyme I beleive him God, and then he was Glad. 
Q. What did he fay to you then ? What did he 
fay you muft doe ? A. Then he tell me they muft 
meet together. Q. When did he fay you muft meet 
together ? A. He tell me Weddnefday next, att my 
matters Houfe, and then they all meet together, and 
thatt Night I faw them all ftand in the Corner, all four 
of them, and the Man ftand behind mee, and take hold 
of mee, to make mee ftand ftill in the Hall. Q. Whare 
was your Mafter then ? A. In the other Roome. Q. 
What Time of Night ? A. A little before prayer Time. 
Q. What did this Man fay to you when he took hold of 
you ? A. He fay goe into the other Room and fee the 
Children, and doe hurt to them, and Pinch them ; and 
then I went in, and would nott hurt them a good while ; 
I would nott hurt Betty, I loved Betty, but they hall 
me and make me pinch Betty, and the next Abigail, 
and then quickly went away altogether a[fter] I had 
pinch them. Q. Did you goe into that Room in your 
own Perfon, and all the reft ? A. Yes, and my Mafter 
did nott fee us, for they would nottlett my Mafter fee. Q. 
Did you goe with the Company ? A. Noe, I ftayd and 
the Man ftayd with mee. Q. What did he then to you ? 
A. He tell me my Mafter goe to Prayer, and he read 
in Book, and he afk me what I remember, but don't 
you remeniber any thing ? Q. Did he afk you noe 
more but the frft Time to ferve him, or the second 
time ? A. Yes, he afk me againe, and if I ferve him 
fix yeares and he Come the Next Time, and fhow mee 
a Book. Q. And when would he come then ? A. The 
next Fyday, and ftiowed me a Book in the Day Time, 
betimes in the Morning. Q. And what Booke did he 
bring, a great or little Booke ? A. He did nott fhow itt 


194 Appendix. 

me, nor would nott, but had itt in his Pockctt. Q. 
Did he nott make you write your Name ? A. Noe, 
nott yett, for my. Miftris Called me into the other 
Roome. Q. Whatt did he fay you muft do in that 
Book? A. He (ayd. Write, and fett my name to itt. 
Q. Did you Write? A. Yes, once I made a Marke 
in the Book, and made itt with red like Bloud. Q. Did 
he gett itt out of your Body ? A. He faid he muft gett 
itt out. The Next Time he Come againe he give me a 
Pin, tyed in a Stick, to doe itt with, butt he noe lett 
me Bloud with itt as yett, butt Intended another 
Time, when he came again. Q. Did you fee any 
other Marks in his Book ? A. Yes, a great many, 
fome Marks Red, fome Yellow, he opened his Book, 
and a great many Marks in itt. Q. Did he tell you 
the Names of them ? A. Yes, of two, noe more ; 
Good, and Oft>urne, and he fay they make them 
Marks in that Book, and he fhewed them mee. Q. 
How many Marks doe you think there was ? A. 
Nine. Q. Did thay write there Names? A. They made 
Marks, Goody Good fayd fhe made hir Mark, but 
Goody Ofburne would nott tell ; fhe was Crofs to mee. 
Q. When did Good tell you (he fett hir Hknd to the 
Book ? The fame Day I came hithtr to Prifon ? Q. 
Did you fee the Man thatt Morning ? A. Yes, a 
litle in the Morning, and he tell me «ie Magiftrates 
Come up to examine me. Q. What did Jie fay you 
muft fay ? A. He tell me, tell nothing, if 1 did he 
would cutt my Head off. Q. Tell us true how many 
Woemen doe ufe to come when you Rid abroad? 
A. Foure of them, thefe two, Oft>urne, and Good, 
and thofe two Strangers. Q. You fay that there was 
Nine. Did he tell you whoe they were ? A. Noe, 
he noe lett me fee, but he tell me I ftiould fee them 
the next Tyme. Q. What Sights did you fee? A. 

Appendix. 195 

I fee a Man, a Do^e, a Hogge, and two Catts, a 
Black and Red ; and the ftrange Monfter was Oiburnes, 
that I mentioed before ; this was the Hayry Imp : the 
Man would give itt to mee, but I would nott have itt. 
Q. Did he (how you in the Book which was Oft>urns 
and which was Goods Mark ? A. Yes, I fee there 
Marks.. Q. Butt did he tell the Names of the other ? 
A. Noe fir. Q. And what did he fay to you when you 
made your Mark ? A. He fayed Serve mee, and always 
ferve mee. The Man with the two Woemen Came 
from Bofton. Q. How many times did you goe to 
Boflon ? A. I was goeing and then Came back againe. 
I was never att Bofton. Q. Whoe Came back with 
you againe ? A. The Man came back with mee, and 
the Woemen goe away ; I was nott willing to goe. Q. 
How farr did you goe, to what Towne ? A. I never 
went to any Towne. I fee noe Trees, noe Towne. 
Q. Did he tell you where the Nine Lived ? A. Yes, 
fome in Bofton, and fome here in this Towne, but he 
would nott tell mee whoe thay were. 


The Examination of Mary Cldrh>^ of Ha- 
verhilL Taken before Jno. Hauthorn^ 
Efq. and otheir their Majejiies yujiices of 
the Peace J Augufi \th^ 1692. 

THE Accufed, Mary Clark, being called, it was 
enquired of Mary Walcot, if ever Clark had 
afflifted her ? She anfwered Yes, that is the very 

" There was a large Family of Family this injured Woman bc- 
Clarks early at Haverhill. To what longed, my Materials do not difclofe. 

196 Appendix. 

woman. And, upon Mary Clarks looking upon Wal- 
cott. and others of the afflifted, they werfi ftruck into 

The Juftices having ufed feverall Arguments (for 
the Good of her Soul) to confefs, if fhe knew herfelf 

Suilty. She abfolutely denyed. And then the Con- 
able^* of Haverhill was called ; and being afked of 
what Fame and Reputation Mary Clark was off? He 
anfwered they had heard fhe was or had been guilty of 
fuch Things, but, as to any Thing in Particular, he 
could not fay. The Juftices afked Mary Walcot if 
fhe were not miftaken in this Woman ? Walcot an- 
fwered, This is the very Woman I faw afflift Timo- 
thy Swan, ^3 and fhe has afflifted me feveral Times. 
And after a Fitt fhe was then immediately in, fhe faid 
fhe faw the above Mary Clark afflift Betty Hubbard, 
and Ann Putnam. 

The faid Mary Clark looking upon Walcott, Hub- 
bard, Putnam, Warrin, they were in Fitts. 

Mary Walcott haveing a Pinn runn into her Arme 
fuddenly, faid that Mary Clark did it. 

At the fame Tyme Mary Warrin had a Pinn run 
into her Throat, under her Chin, which Mr. Noice 
took out. 

Sufanna Sheldon, upon faid Examination, had four 
Finns taken out of her Hand ; faying that faid Clark 
put in two of them, and Mr. Ufher'4 the other two. 

^■- In 1687, Jofcph Peafely was Family was extenfive at Haverhill; 
ehofcn Conftabic, but there is no but Mr. Chafe did not find a Tim- 
certainty that he exercifed the Of- othy. 

fice in 1692. John Ayer, Jr., *4 Perhaps Mr. Hezekiah, of 

fhared the Duties. See Chafe, Hift, Bofton. It may be he to whom 

Haverbiii, 145, Mr. Calef refers in his Poftfcript, 

^3 Like the Clarks, the Swan See Page \^\i fir iginal paging. 

Appendix. 197 

Mary Poft^s faid fhe faw the faid Clark afflift Timo- 
thy Swan. 

Richard Carryer, a former Confeflbr faid he beleeved 
he faw the faid Mary Clark with fome others and him- 
felf baptifed at Newburry Falls. 

Betty Hubbard^^ was ftruck down, by her looking 
upon her. 

It was afked, if (he could fay the Lords Prayer, 

She erred much. 

Ann Putnam faid that faid Clark had afflifted her 
by pinching, choakeing, and ftriking her in the Face, 
and told her, that her Name was Miftrifs Mary Clark, 
but that People ufed to call her Goody Clark. 

Ann Putnam faid further, that fhe faw the faid 
Clark ftabb Timothy Swan with a fquare ragged 
Speare, as long as her Hand. And, being afked why 
fhe called it a ragged Speare, fhe faid becaufe it was 
ragged like a File. 

Mary Pofl faid fhe faw this Mary Clarks Spirit at 
the Village Witch-meeting, and that fhe did eat and 
drink there as the refl did. And further, fhe has feen 
the faid Mary Clark afflift Timothy Swan. 

I, underwritten, being appoynted by Authority, to 
take the within Examination, in Wryting, Doe teftify 
upon Oath, taken in Court, that this is a true Coppy 
of the Subflance of it, to the befl of my Knowledge. 

\^All of the Above is in the Hand of Edward Rawfon. 
There is no Signature attached.l^ 

1' I do not find the Name of born 1664, who may have been 

Poll in Mr. Chafe's HaverhilL this Witnefs. 

There was a Family at Woburn; ^^ The fame who has been fo 

and, according to Mr. Savage, John often mentioned as Elizabeth Hub- 

Poll, of that Town, had by Wife bard. In the next Article of this 

Mary Tyler, a Daughter Mary, Appendix (he is particularly noticed. 

198 Appendix. 


An Account of the Life and CharaSier of 
the Rev. Samuel P arris ^ of Salem Vil- 
lage^ and of his Connexion with the 
Witchcraft Delujion ^/ 1692. 


MR. Parris, whofe Hiftory is fo intimately con- 
neded with the Salem Witchcraft Delufion o{ 
1692, was a Son of Thomas Parris of London, and 
was born in 1653. He was a Member of Harvard 
College, but did not graduate at that Inftitution. He 
was at firft a Merchant in Bofton, but not fucceeding 
in Bufinefs he left it, and offered himfelf as a Candi- 
date for the Miniftry. 

The People at Salem Village being without a Paftor, 
on the 15th of November, 1688, fent a Committee, 
coniifting of three Perfons, viz: Captain John Put- 
nam, Mr. Joftiua Rea, Sen., and Francis Nurfe, " to 
treat with Mr. Parris about taking minifterial Office." 
Nothing was done however at this Meeting towards 
efFeding a Settlement, and on the 25th of Novembeii 
after the Services in the Afternoon, the Audience was 
ftayed, and by a general Vote, requefted Mr. Parris 
to take Office. On the loth of December, 1688, the 
Brethren of the Church, fent Lieut. Nath'l Putnam, 
Sergeant Fuller, Mr. Jofliua Rea, Sen., and Sergeant 
Ingerfoll, who came, they faid, ^^ as Meflfengers to 

1^ Mr. Fowler has very kindly the Editor's Difpofal. It was ori- 
placed this highly valuable Article at ginally read before the EJfex I»Jft. 

Appendix. 199 

know whether Mr. Parris would accept of Office/* 
He replied, "y* Work was weighty, they (hould 
know in due Time." After this, feveral came on like 
Errands, but as yet, no Propofals of Maintenance 
were tendered. 

On the 29th of April, 1689, Deacons Nath'l Inger- 
foU and Edward Putnam, Daniel Rea, Thomas Fuller, 
Jr., and John Tarbell, came to Mr. Parris, from the 
meeting Houfe, where there had been a general Meet- 
ing of the Inhabitants, and faid, ^^ being the aged 
Nlen had had the Matter of Mr. Parris's Settlement 
fo long in Hand, and efFefted nothing, they were de- 
firous to try what the Younger could do." Upon Mr. 
Parris's aiking them what their Will was, they an- 
fwered ^' they were fent, by y* People to defire him to 
take Office, and had concluded to offi^r him fixty 
Pounds for his Salary." Twenty Pounds of which, 
was to be in Money, and the Remainder as follows : 
Wheat at 4 Shillings per Bufhel, Indian Corn at a 
Shillings per Bufliel, Barley, Rye and Malt at 3 Shil- 
lings per Bufhel, Pork at 2 Pence per. Pound, Beef 
at i^ Pence per. Pound. 

The Committee being deiirous of a fpeedy Anfwer, 
Mr. Parris informed them, that he would accept of 
their Propofals, provided they would comply with the 
following Provifions for his Maintenance: ift, "When 
Money fhall be more plenteous, the Money Part to 
be paid me, fhall accordingly be increafed. 2d, Tho' 
Corn or like Provifions (hould arife to a higher Price 
than you have fet, yet for my own Family Ufe, I 
fVall have what is needful, at ye Price now flated ; 
and fo if it fall lower. 3d, The whole fixty Pounds 
to be only from our Inhabitants, that are dwelling in 
our Bounds, or proportionable to what Lands they 
have, within y* fame. 4th, No Provifion to be 

200 Appendix. 

brought in, without juft afking whether needed, and 
myfelf to make choice of what, unlefs ye Perfon is 
unable to pay in any Sort but one. 5th, Fire Wood 
to be given in yearly freely. 6th, Two Men to be 
chofen yearly to fee that due Payments be made. 
7th, Contributions each Sabbath in Papers, and only 
fuch as are in Papers, and dwelling within in our 
Bounds, to be accounted as Part of the fixty Pounds. 
8th, As God (hall pleafe to blefs y* Place, fo as to be 
able to rife higher, than y* faid fixty Pounds, that 
then a proportionable Increafe be made. If God fiiair 
pleafe for our Sins to diminifli the Subftance of faid 
Place, I will endeavour accordingly to bear fuch Loffes, 
by proportionable Abatements of fuch as (hall reafon- 
ably defire it." 

Thefe Propofals of Mr. Parris to the Committee 
were read to them and accepted, and they expre(red 
their Belief, that the Inhabitants would approve of 
them. But it would feem that at a Meeting of the 
People of the Village, May 17th, 1689, Mr. Parris 
was fent for, when Objeftions were made againft the 
5th and 7th Provifions of his Settlement. " Touch- 
ing the 5th it was objefted, they had no Commons, 
and therefore could not conveniently give in Fire 
Wood, becaufe fome muft bring in half Cord, others 
more, others lefs, &c. Therefore they would allow 
fix Pounds per annum, one third Money, which would 
buy 30 Cords, as they had dealt by former Minifters. 
Parris replied, he was willing to eafe them, but then 
he defired, that one of them would take the fix Pounds 
annually, and furnifh him with 30 Cords of Wood, to 
which Propofal he found none of them willing to 
confent. He then told them, if he did accept the fix 
Pounds, it might in Time be infufficient to purchafe 
30 Cords of Wood. In reply to the Fears of Parris 

Appendix. 201 

in regard to the Rife of the Price of Wood, he fays, 
I had a general Anfwer from many that at four Shil- 
lings per Cord, I (hould be fupplied during my Life 
among them. He continues, after much urging, I 
replied I would- try them for one Year. Mr. Parris 
fays : " touching his 7th Provifion, nothing at the 
Timd was faid or objefted againft Contributions by 
Papers, for it had been their former ufual Way, but 
only againft thofe, that dwelled within their Bounds, 
they urging that fome did not live within their Bounds, 
yet they were conftant Hearers, and therefore it was 
meet to have their Help. 

"In fine, after much Agitation here, it was agreed on 
my Part and theirs, that luch out Perfons had Liberty 
to pleafe themfelves, in paying to the Minifter or the 
meeting Houfe. And fo I left them, fully acquiefcing 
with my aforefaid Conditions, not doubting but that 
they had truly entered it on the Records, as I took 
for granted, nor heard any Thing otherwise, till after 
my Ordination a good while, in another public Meet- 
ing of the Village ; when another Vote, recorded and 
read, vaftly different from the Agreement, as above 
faid— which I then openly did, and ftill muft deny, 
to be any Contraft of mine." 

We have now prefented Mr. Parris's Account, of 
the Tranfaftions between himfelf and the People of 
Salem Village, in regard to his Settlement. This was 
drawn up by him, and ufed upon his Trial before the 
Court of Common Pleas at Ipfwich in 1696-7. We 
have been thus particular in Relation to the Settle- 
ment of Mr. Parris at Salem Village, it being one of 
the Caufes, which led to the moft bitter parochial 
Quarrel, that ever exifted in New-England, and in the 
Opinion of fome Perfons, was the chief or primary 
Caufe of that world-wide famous Delufion, the Sa- 
lem Witchcraft. 


202 Appendix. 

Salem Village, fince embraced in the Parifli of Rev. 
Dr. Milton P. Braman, in Danvers, Maflachufetts, 
was, on the 19th of November, 1689 (when the Rev. 
Samuel Parris entered upon his Duties there as a 
Paftor and Teacher,) a fmall Hamlet or Village, in- 
habited principally by Farmers, but embracing within 
its Limits, much adjoining Territory, extending its 
Lines to Wills Hill, now Middleton, there being 
many Families who attended Worfhip at Salem Vil- 
lage. The number of rateable Polls in the Parifh 
was 100. It appears, from the Records, that Mr. 
Parris prefented to his Church, upon his Settlement, 
a new Covenant and Form of Admiflion for its 
Members, together with the Queftion, who were the 
proper Subjefts of Baptifm ? Thefe caufed fome De- 
bate in the Church, but none oppofed the final Aftion 
upon them. Some Angular and unufual Cafes of 
Difcipline came before them, but they appeared to 
have been difpofed of peaceably. It was not until 
the 8th of Oftober, 1691, that we difcover any un- 
friendly feeling, exifting between Mr. Parris and his 
People. It was on that Day, he fays in his Church 
Records, — " Being my Lefture Day after public Ser- 
vice was ended, I was fo bare of Fire Wood, that I 
was forced publicly to defire the Inhabitants to take 
Care that I might be provided for, telling them, had 
it not been for Mr. Corwin (who had brought Wood, 
being here at my Houfe), I fhould hardly have had 
any to burn." Upon the Paftor's informing the 
Church of his Deftitution of Fire Wood, the Breth- 
ren raifed a Committee, who were inftrufted to fee 
the Town Committee, and defire them to make a 
Rate for the Minifter. The Committee on Rates 
met November loth, 1691, and reported that they 
did not fee godd Caufe to take Notice of the Church 

Appendix. 203 

Committee, without they had a Letter to (how, under 
the Church and Paftor's Hand. Upon this, Mr. 
Parris complained of the Treatment of the Commit- 
tee towards him, but more efpecially the Church, 
whom he faid manifefted an indifference in this Affair. 
The Committee, whofe Bufinefs it was to raife a Tax 
to procure the Faftor's Wood, ftill continuing to 
refufe to do it, on the 27th of December, 1691, a 
Petition was fent to the Quarter Seffions, wherein the 
Petitioners complain, that "no Reparations of the 
Village Meeting Houfe has been for a great while 
regarded, fo that broken Windows, ftopt up fome of 
them by Boards or otherwife, and others wide open, 
and is fometimes fo dark, that it is almoft unuJefuV 
The Court, upon this Petition, appointed a Meeting 
of the Inhabitants of the Village, to choofe a new 
Committee to meet on the 25th of January, 1692, 
for the Purpofe of affefling Rates to repair the meet- 
ing Houfe, and procure the Paftor's Wood. The 
Inhabitants of the Village met on that Day, and 
made choice of Jofeph Pope, Jofeph Hoi ten, Jr., 
John Tarbell, Thomas Prefton, and James Smith, as 
their Committee. 

This is the laft we hear about this Affair of pro- 
curing Wood, &c., probably all further Confideration 
of it was abforbed in the great Witchcraft Delufion, 
which was now clofe at Hand, and about to break 

We are now brought to the Period of the Com- 
mencement of Salem Witchcraft, as it firft developed 
itfelf in the Family of Samuel Parris, Minifter at 
Salem Village in 1692. 

Mr. Parris's Houfehold confided, at this Time, of 
himfelf and Wife, his age being 39 Years, that of his 
Wife 44 Years, a Daughter Elizabeth, aged nine 


204 Appendix. 

Years, a Niece of eleven Years by the Name of Abi- 
gail Williams, and two Servants named John Indian, 
and Tituba his Wife, both Natives of South America, 
then called New Spain. Thefe were held as Slaves, 
and Parris probably came into pofleflion of them in 
fome of his Commercial Tranfaftions. By fome Per- 
fons, thefe Indians have been fu^pofed to belong to 
the Aborigines of our Country and to have obtained 
their knowledge of Witchcraft from the Indian Po- 
wows; but this appears to have been a miftake. Mr. 
Parris's neareft Neighbors were Capt. Jona. Walcut, 
who had a Daughter called Mary, 17 years of Age, 
and his Parifh Clerk. Thomas Putnam, who had a 
Daughter named Ann, aged 12 Years, and a fervant 
Girl, living with him, named Mercey Lewis aged 17 
Years, Mary Warren, aged 20 Years, lived with John 
Proftor, Elizabeth Booth, aged 18 Years, lived near 
to John Proftor, Sarah Churchill, aged 20 Years, lived 
in the Family of Geo. Jacobs, Sen., Sufannah Sheldon, 
aged 18 Years, lived in the Village. Thefe Girls, to- 
gether with Abigail Williams, a Niece of Mr. Parris, 
aged II Years, were in the Habit of meeting in a Cir- 
cle in the Village, to praftice Palmiftry, Fortune Tel- 
ling, &c. It appears by Evidence, given at the Courts, 
that fome of their Parents and Guardians did not 
approve of thefe Meetings. Mary Warren, one of 
the moft Violent of the accufing Girls, lived as we 
have before faid, with John Proftor, and at laft became 
his principal Accufer, upon his examination for Witch- 
craft. Proftor, out of all Patience with the Meetings 
of the Girls, compofing this Circle, one Day faid he 
"was a going to the Village to bring Mary Warren, 
the Jade, Home; for, if let alone, thefe Girls would 
make us all Devils and fVitches together quickley. They 
fhould rather be had to the Whipping Poft; but he 

Appendix. 205 

would fetch his Jade Home, and thrafh the Devil out 
of her." Proftor faid, when Mary Warren was firft 
taken with Fits, he kept her clofe to the Wheel, and 
threatened to thrafli her, and then fhe had no more 
Fits ; but the next Day, he being gone from Home, 
(he had her Fits again. If the accufing Girls had 
been dealt with as Jonn Proftor would have had them, 
we probably fhould have had a (hort Story to tell, 
about Salem Witchcraft. It is at the Meeting of this 
Circle of eight Girls, for the purpofe of practifing 
Palmftry and Fortune Telling, that we difcover the 
Germ, or the firft Origin of the Delufion. We have 
endeavored to follow them after the Excitement had 
fubfided, for the Purpofe of afcertaining their Char- 
after in after Life. One only of this Circle, Ann 
Putnam, confefled her Folly, and fought Forgivenefs. 
Some of them grew up Licentious in their Habits, 
and all of them appear to have fought Obfcurity. 
Their whole Courfe, as feen in their Depofitions, dif- 
clofes much Malignancy, and their Ignorance was fo 
great, that of the Eight accufing Girls, Six of them 
figned their Names with a Crofs. 

It was in the latter End of February, 1692, that the 
Daughter of Mr. Parris, named Elizabeth, aged 9 
Years, together with his Niece, Abigail Williams, 
aged 12 Years, were taken Sick and" received fuch at- 
tention from Mrs. Parris as their Cafe feemed to 
require. But growing worfe under her Treatment, 
and not being able to afcertain what their Difeafe was, 
application was made to their Family Phyfician, Dr. 
Gregg, living in the Village. He vifited them, and 
obferved that they were afflifted with a fad Diftemper, 
the Name of which he could not tell. Other Phyfi- 
cians were called in, in Confultation, when one of them 
gave it as his Opinion, that the Children were under 

2o6 Appendix. 

an evil Hand. It is probable that it was Dr. Gregg that 
fuppofed the Girls bewitched, for he had exprefled the 
fame Opinion of many of his Patients when he could 
not underftand their Difeafe, many times before. It 
is highly probable that the Opinion of thefe Phyficians 
went far to form the Belief of not only Parris, but 
alfo of his minifterial Friends, in the Exiftence of 
Witchcraft in the Village. Mr. Parris appears to 
have been much aftoniftied, when the Phyficians in- 
formed him, that his Daughter and Niece were, no 
doubt, under an evil Hand. There is Evidence that 
Mr. Parris endeavored to keep the Opinion of the 
Phyficians a Secret, at lead, till he could determine 
what Courfe to purfue. At this Time, Mary Sibley, 
a Member of his Church, gave direftions to John 
Indian how to find out, who bewitched Betfy Parris 
and Nabby Williams. This was done without the 
Knowledge of Parris. The Means ufed to make this 
Difcovery, was to make a Cake of Rye Meal, with 
the Urine of the Children, and Bake it in the Alhes, 
and give it to a Dog to eat. Similar difgufting 
Praftices appear to have been ufed to difcover and 
kill Witches, during the whole Period of the Delu- 

On the 27th of March, 1692, Mr. Parris called to- 
gether his Church, when he prefented Teftimony againft 
the Error of fitter Mary Sibley, in giving direftion to 
John Indian in an unwarrantable Way, to find out 
Witches. Upon Mary Sibley's manifefting Sorrow 
and Grief for her Conduft, the Brethren of the Church 
received Satisfaftion. By the diabolical Means thus 
ufed by Mary Sibley, Mr. Parris fuppofed the Devil 
had been raifed, and feeing the apparent diftrefifed 
Condition of his Family, and not knowing what 
Courfe to purfue, requefted fome worthy Gentlemen of 

Appendix. 207 

Salem, and fome neighboring Minifters to confult to- 
gether at his Houfe; who when they came, and had 
inquired diligently into the Sufferings of the Afflifted, 
concluded they were Preternatural, and feared the 
Hand of Satan was in them. The Advice given to 
Parris by them was, that he fhould fit ftill and wait 
upon the Providence of God, to fee what Time might 
difcover; and to be much in Prayer for the Difcovery 
of what was yet fecret. They alfo examined Tituba, 
who confeffed the making a Cake, and faid her Mif- 
trefs in her own Country was a Witch, and had taught 
her fome Means to be ufed for the Difcovery of a 
Witch, and for the Prevention of being bewitched, 
&c. But faid fhe herfelf, was not a Witch. Soon 
after this, there were two or three private Fafts at 
Parris's Houfe, one of which was kept by the neigh- 
boring Minifters, and another in Public at the Village. 
And one general Faft, by Order of the General Court, 
obferved throughout the Colony, to feek the Lord, 
that he would rebuke Satan, and be a Light unto his 
People in this Day of Darknefs. 

It is evident from the Account given by Rev. John 
Hale, who was an Eye Witnefs to many of the 
Tranfaftions at Salem Village, and one of the Minif- 
ters called for Confutation, that Mr. Parris proceeded 
with Caution at the Commencement of the Troubles, 
and was anxious to feek Council and Advice. He 
likewife wiftied to inform himfelf on the Subjeft of 
Witchcraft, and for that Purpofe received as a Loan 
from Dea. Robert Sanderfon, of Bofton, a Copy of 
Perkins' Works, which treated upon that Subjeft. 

We are among thofe who believe Mr. Parris was 
honeft in his Belief in Witchcraft, and that he was not 
moved in this Affair by perfonal Malice, or the Defire 
to promote the Caufe of Religion in his Parifh, as has 

2o8 Appendix. 

been fuppofed by the Author of the Hiftory of Dan- 
vers. We have not as yet, found a Particle of Evi- 
dence, that he entertained ill Will againft thofe who 
were accufed and executed. 

Mr. Parris, in common with his minifterial Breth- 
ren, appears to have come, after the Confeffion of 
Tituba, to the full Conclufion, that Witchcraft had 
broken out in his Parifti, and that the Devil had com- 
menced his Operations in his own Family ; and as a 
faithful Paftor, he fhould not hefitate, for a Moment, 
to grapple with the Enemy. 

It was in this Point of Viejv, that we difcover the 
Courage of the People of Salem Village, who were 
engaged in oppofing what they confidered the Machi- 
nations of the Devil — they fuppofing that he was the 
Caufe, operating through the Agency of Witches, of 
all the Torture and Mifery they beheld, and that, by 
their Oppofition, they were liable alfo to fufFer from 
his Malignancy. They believed, alfo, that the Devil 
was about to eftablifh an Agency, or Kingdom in 
New England ; and had aftually commenced Opera- 
tions in Salem Village. This, Cotton Mather, Parris, 
and others, -were determined fhould not be done^ at 
leaft if they could help it. There was fome very 
fingular Evidence given at the Courts on this Point. 
Ann Fofter, of Andover, a confefling Witch, teflified 
at her Examination, July 21, 1692, " that fhe was at a 
Witch Meeting at the Village, where there was a large 
Number of Witches prefent, and that the principal 
Difcourfe at this Gathering, was in regard to the fet- 
ting up of the Devil's Kingdom at the Village, and 
making it their Rendezvous!" And another con- 
fefling Witch teftified, at a fubfequent Meeting, that 
they had, by an unanimous Vote, concluded to fet up 
the Devil's Kingdom at Salem Village — it being 

Appendix. 209 

thought, all Things confidered, the mod fuitable Place 
to begin the Enterprife, and, by fo doing, they were 
in Hopes it would fpread over New England. This 
was folemnly and religioufly believed by many, and it 
required Courage and Pluck to Hand up and refift the 
Defigns of a powerful, malicious Being, capable, as 
they fuppofed, of tormenting them in various Ways, 
deftroying their Cattle, &c. 

Parris appears to have been very deflrous of pre- 
venting his Daughter, Elizabeth, from participating in 
the Excitement at the Village. She was fent by her 
Father, at the Commencement of the Delufion, to 
refide at Salem with Capt. Stephen Sewall. While 
there, the Captain and his Wife were much difcouraged 
in efFefting a Cure, as fhe continued to have fore Fits. 
Elizabeth faid that the great black Man, came to her, and 
told her, if fhe would be ruled by him, fhe fhould 
have whatfoever (he defired, and go to a Golden City. 
She related this to Mrs. Sewall, who immediately told 
the Child it was the Devil, and he was a Liar, and bid 
her tell him fo if he came to her again ; which fhe did 
accordingly the next Time the black Man came to 
her. The Devil, it would feem, unaccuflomed, in 
thofe Days, to experience fuch Refiflance, and utterly 
aflonifhed at the cool Impudence of Betfy Parris, 
never troubled her afterwards; and, — although this 
Girl was one of the firft Originators of the Witchcraft 
Delufion, in connexion with her Coufln Abigail Wil- 
liams, — fhe appears to have had, afterwards, but little 
to do with Witchcraft. This arofc in Confequence of 
following the fage Advice of Mrs. Sewall, in getting 
rid of the Devil ; or, what was more probable, in her 
Father taking her from the weekly Circle of accufing 


2IO Appendix. 

and bewitching Girls, and placing her in a very refpeft- 
able Family in Salem, 

It has been faid that Parris had a Rival in Rev. 
George Burroughs, who had Friends in Salem Village, 
defirous of his Settlement ; and that that was a fuffi- 
cient Reafon why Parris (hould appear at the Courts 
againft him. We have never feen any Proof of this 
Rivalfhip between thefe Clergymen. It is difficult now 
to afcertain the Caufe of the Arreft of Burroughs who 
was preaching at Wells, at the Time, in his Pulpit. 
The Girl who accufed him of bewitching her, was 
Mercy Lewis, who was then living with Thomas 
Putnam. She formerly lived with Burroughs, when 
he preached at the Village ; and, upon one or more 
Occafions, he whipped her feverely. This we fufped 
was the true Caufe of her crying out againft him. 

It had been faid that Rebecca Nurfe was an Objeft 
of fpecial Hatred to Parris ; but this we have failed to 
difcover. We cannot imagine the Caufe of the al- 
leged Complaint of Witchcraft againft Rebecca Nurfe. 
She appears to have been an amiable and exemplary 
Woman, and well educated for the Times in which 
ftie lived. We fufpeft, from an Examination of the 
Charges brought againft her at the Courts, that ftie had 
feveral Times feverely rebuked the accufing Girls for 
their Folly and Wickednefs, when meeting in their Cir- 
cles. In this Way, ftie probably incurred the Dif- 
pleafure of Ann Putnam and her Mother — her prin- 
cipal Accufers. Mr. Parris has often been accufed 
of being over Officious, and a fwift Witnefs againft 
the Accufed at the Courts. Parris could not be faid to 
have been a chief Witnefs in the Profecutions, although 
he may be faid to have been a frequent corroborating 
Witnefs with his Neighbors. The chief Witnefles 
were the accufing Girls, as they were called. At the 

Appendix. 211 

preliminary Examinations before the Magiftrates, Par- 
ris and others were required to be prefent when the 
Depofitions were taken down, as related by the Girls, 
and afterwards mjide ufe of at the Trials before the 

Thefe being given in and related by Children, and 
young Perfons, the Court required an Endorfement 
from fome older Perfons, who witneffed their fuppofed 
Affliftions, and could atteft to their Depofitions. It 
is in this Way Mr. Parris's Name, as well as his 
Neighbors, frequently appear in the Court Documents. 
Parris appears to have been frequently at the Exami- 
nations of thofe accufed of Witchcraft, and put Quef- 
tions to thofe on Trial. He alfo afted as a Recorder 
to the Magiftrates more frequently than others. The 
Reafon for his being often employed by the Courts 
was fimply becaufe he was requefted to do fo, and was 
difcovered to be well qualified for that Purpofe. We 
have feen the Records of feveral Perfons thus em- 
ployed, and fhould fay Parris's was the Beft. It 
was his Praftice to take down the Examinations in 
ftiort Hand,— he being a good Stenographer, — and 
then write them out in full, in a plain, legible Hand. 

We have not been able to difcover the Caufe of the 
alleged Complaint of Witchcraft, againft thofe three 
excellent Women, viz : Rebecca Nurfe, Mary Eafty, 
and Sarah Cloyce. They were Sifters, of a good Edu- 
cation, and fair Reputation. It is not to be denied, 
that the Part Parris took in the Trials of thefe Wo- 
men, was the chief Caufe of the Oppofition towards 
him, and led at laft to his Difmifiion from the People 
at the Village. His principal Oppofers were the 
Relatives of thefe three unfortunate Sifters. Samuel 
Nurfe, a Son of Rebecca Nurfe, John Tarbell, who 
had married her Daughter, and Peter Cloyce, who had 

212 Appendix. 

married Sarah Cloyce. Thefe three Perfons, together 
with one Thomas Williams, after the Execution of 
Rebecca Nurfe and Mary Eafty, and the Imprifon- 
ment of Sarah Cloyce, became much diffatisfied with 
Parris, and fought Advice of the Elders in fome of 
the neighboring Churches, as to the beft Mode of 
bringing him before a Council to anfwer for his Con- 
dud in the Witchcraft Delufion. They were Mem- 
bers of the Village Church, and had for fome Time 
neglefted Public Worfhip on the Sabbath, and abfented 
themfelves from the Communion. While thefe dif- 
contented Brethren were confidering what Courfe to 
purfue againft their Paftor, Parris, either in order to 
divert their Proceedings from himfelf, or to adminifter 
Difcipline, on the 14th of Auguft, 1692, caufed the 
Church to be ftayed, and entered a Complaint againft 
Samuel Nurfe and Wife, John Tarbell and Wife, and 
Peter Cloyce, for abfenting themfelves from the Com- 
munion. This Complaint was entered by the Church, 
and Brother Nathaniel Putnam, and the two Deacons 
were chofen to be joined with the Paftor to difcourfe 
with the Abfentees. Much Time was fpent by this 
Committee, in endeavoring to obtain Satisfaction from 
the offending Brethren; — while on the other Hand, 
they were ftriving by all the Means in their Power, to 
bring Parris before a Council. At laft, on the i6th of 
February, 1693, at a Meeting of the Committee of the 
Church, the Diffenting Brethren gave their Reafons 
for withdrawingfrom the Communion. 

" Whereas we, Thomas Williams, and John Tar- 
bell, and Samuel Nurfe, having a long Time gone 
under the Burden of great Grievances, by Reafon of 
fome unwarrantable Aftings of Mr. Parris, as we 
efteem them, and were proceeding in an orderly Way, 
to obtain Satisfaction from him, and had taken fome 

Appendix. 213 

Steps thereunto, according to the Advice of fome 
neighboring Elders. But obftruftive to our Proceed- 
ings therein, Mr. Parris and fome Brethren of the 
Church, were appointed by the Church, to demand a 
Reafon of us, of our withdrawing from Communion. 
The Regularity of which Proceeding, we do not un- 
derftand, becaufe in this Cafe, we efteem ourfelves to 
be Plaintiffs and Parties offended, and in an orderly 
Way, feeking Satisfaftion, tho' hitherto denied. Our 
Anfwer to the Church is, that we efleem ourfelves 
hereby prevented in our Duty, which we account a 
Grievance, feeing we were firfl in Profecution of the 
Rule of our Lord Jefus Chrift, laid down in Mathew 
18 C, 15, 16 vs. Wherefore, if the Church give us 
the Liberty and Freedom of attending our Duty, as 
according to Rule bound, poflibly then further Trouble 
may be prevented, or otherwife, the Cafe will neceffa- 
rily and regularly come before them. But if they 
deny us the Requeft, we (hall, as in Duty bound, give 
the Reafons of our Proceedings to the Church, or any 
others, when orderly demanded." 

Parris fays, in the Records of the Church, " that 
thefe difpleafed Brethren were told in Reply to their 
Communication, that they did ill to refled on the 
Church, who, as alfo the Paftor, were ignorant of their 
Methods, and that they fhould have fpoken with the 
Paflor himfelf, before they went to confult neighboring 
Elders. But to this Laft they pleaded Ignorance. So 
we gave Way to their Requeft of proceeding orderly." 

On the 27th of March, 1693, the diffenting Breth- 
ren handed to the Paftor the following Document : — 

" To our Paftor and Minifter, Mr. Samuel Parris, 
of Salem Village, and to fome others of the Planta- 
tion. We, whofe Names are underwritten, being 
deeply fenfible, that thofe uncomfortable Differences 

214 Appendix. 

that are amongft us^ are very difhonorable to God, and 
a Scandal to Religion, and very uncomfortable to our- 
felves, and an ill Example to thofe, who may come 
after us. And by our maintaining and upholding 
Differences, that are amongft us, we do but gratify 
the Devil, the great Adverfary to our Souls. For the 
Removal of which we have thought meet to proffer 
our prefent Thoughts to your furious Confideration, 
hoping, that there may be luch Methods propounded, 
as may be for the fettling and confirming Peace and 
Unity amongft us, both at the Prefent and for the 
Future. And our Defires are, that fuch a Founda- 
tion may be laid for Peace and Truth, that the Gates 
of Hell may not prevail againft it. And in Order 
thereunto, Solomon advifeth Counfel; and our De- 
fires are, that a Council of Elders may be chofen, to 
hear all our Grievances between Mr. Parris and us, 
and determine where the blameable Caufe is. And 
we hope, that their Wifdom and Prudence may dired 
us to fuch a Method, as may be for our Comfort for 
both Prefent and Future." 

Much Time was fpent by the Committee of the 
Church, in endeavoring to obtain Satisfaction from 
the diffenting Brethren, while the Latter were ftriving 
by all the Means in their Power, to bring Parris be- 
fore a Council. At laft, on the i6th of February, 
1693, at a Meeting of the Committee, the diffenting 
Brethren gave their Reafons for withdrawing from the 
Miniftry at the Village. They are the following.'^ 

After the Paftor had read the Charges againft him, 
he brought forward his " Meditations for Peace." 
This Paper, having been confidered at the Time as 

* 8 Being the Same contained in ted here. Sec Vol. II, P. 140-3; 
Mr. Calef's Part Third, are omit- or Pages 55-7, original Edition. 

Appendix. 215 

an Acknowledgment of his Miftakes in the Witchcraft 
Deluflon, we have given it entire. It is as follows.'^ 
Notwithftanding the difcontented Brethren contin- 
ued to prefs the Acceptance of their Petition, for a 
mutual Council. Parris refufed to notice it, and fays, 
" I put it up in my Pocket, and told them I would 
confider it." It appears^ by the Records, that the 
Acknowledgment of Mr. Parris was firft read before 
the Church, November, i8, 1694, in the Prefence of 
the diffenting Brethren, when Tarbell remarked, that 
if the Paftor had formerly made but half the Acknow- 
ledgment he now had^ it had never come to this. It 
would feem that the Acknowledgment of the Paftor 
was not fatisfaftory to the Brethren, and they contin- 
ued to periift in the calling of a Council. In the 
Meantime, Parris brought fundry Objeftions, as he 
called them, againft Tarbell and his Friends, which 
were read before the Church, November 13th. Thefe 
Objeftions, were as follows: — "Their precipitant, 
fchifmatical and total withdrawing from the Church; 
Their bringing forward a faftious Libel to the Paftor, 
confifting of Calumnies, or Refledions on faid Min- 
ifter, and others of the Plantation ; their impetuous 
Purfuit of the Minifter at his Houfe, for Anfwer to 
faid Libel to his great Difquietude; there reftlefs 
Purfuit of the Minifter, on the 14th of April, 1693, 
for an Anfwer to faid Libel ; their perfifting with 
great Heat, that their Charge might be read, yea 
loudly and fiercely before the whole Brotherhood, 
clamouring againft the Church, and their publiftiing 
under their own Hands, in divers Places of the 
Country, fundry Obloquies againft the Church ; their 
enfnaring feveral to. join them in a Petition to his 

1*^ See Vol. ir, P. 143-8, where this Paper is given entire. 

2i6 Appendix. 

Excellency and General Court, fcandalizing the Church 
and Minifter, as unpeaceable with their Neighbors; 
their withdrawing their Purfes, as well as their Perfons 
from upholding the Lord's Table, and the Miniftry ; 
their grofs Miftake in their Letter to the Church at 
Maiden, wherein they profefs fo much DifTatisfadion 
with the Doftrine, Praftice and Adminiftration of 
their Paftor, for above a Year, before the Date of faid 
Letter, as that they were forced to withdraw from all 
public Worfhip; whereas it is moft notorious, that 
they were not wanting as to a ProfeflTion of much Re- 
fpeft to their Paftor, all along before, yea, and a con« 
fiderable while after the breaking out of the late horrid 
Witchcraft." Thefe are fome of the Charges brought 
againft the three Brethren by Parris, and he informs 
us, " as foon as the public Reading of thefe Articles 
was ended. Brother Thomas Wilkins, in a fcoffing 
and contemptuous Way, faid openly, * this is a large 
Epiftle/ " It would feem by the Records, that the 
diffenting Brethren continued to make ftrenuous Ef- 
forts to bring Parris before a Council, which was at 
laft recommended by the Paftors of the Churches in 
the Neighborhood, when Parris in his laft Attempt to 
evade it, propofed to give the difcontented Brethren, 
a Difmiflion to fome other orthodox Church, to which 
Tarbell replied, " Aye, if we could find a Way to 
remove our Living too." After a Delay of more 
than two Years, the Church confented to call a Coun- 
cil, who met at the Village, April 3d, 1695. Dr. In- 
creafe Mather was chofen Moderator, and offered the 
following Report, which was accepted by the Council, 
and prefented to the Church : — ift. They unanimoufly 
declared that "we judge that altho' in the late and 
dark Time of the Confufions, wherein Satan had ob- 
tained a more than ordinary Liberty to fift this Plant- 

Appendix. 217 

ation, there were fundry unwarrantable and uncomfort- 
able Steps taken, by Mr. Samuel Parris, the Paftor of 
the Church in Salem Village, then under the hurrying 
Diftraftions of amazing Affliftions; yet thefaid Mr. Par- 
ris, by the good Hand of God, brought unto a better 
Senfe of Things, hath fo fully expreffed it, that a Chrif- 
tian Charity may, and (hould,. receive Satisfaction there- 
with. 2, They advifed the diffenting Brethren to accept 
the.Satisfaftion, which he had tendered in his Chriftian 
Acknowledgment of the Errors therein comftiitted, 
and in cafe Mr. Parris finds after all, that he can not 
with any Comfort and Service, continue in his prefent 
Station, his Removal from thence, will not expofe him 
to any hard Charafter with us. Having obferved that 
there is, in Salem Village, a Spirit full of Contention 
and Animofity, too fadly verifying the Blemifti, which 
hath heretofore lain upon them ; and that fonie Com- 
plaints againft Mr. Parris have been either caufelefs 
or groundlefs, or unduly aggravated, we do, in the 
Name and Fear of the Lord, folemnly warn them to 
confider whether, if they continue to de«^oure one 
another, it will not be Bitternefs in the latter End." 

The Recommendation of the Council appears to 
have been fatisfaftory to the Friends of Mr. Parris 
and the Paftor was refolved to continue in the Min- 
iftry. At the fame Time, the Report of the Council 
was unfatisfaftory to thofe Perfons oppofed to Mr. 
Parris, as it did not recommend his Difmiflion ; ac- 
cordingly, on the 3d Day of May, 1695, a Paper, 
figned by 16 young Men, 52 Houfeholders and 18 
Church Members, was handed to the Rev. Elders, 
compofing the late Council at the Village, requefting 
them to give Parris's Cafe a rehearing, and more 
plainly advife the Paftor to ceafe his Labors, and feek 


2i8 Appendix. 

to difpofe himfelf elfewhere, &c. On the 6th of May, 
1695, in Anfwer to the Opponents of Mr. Parris, the 
Council fent a Letter to the Paftor, informing him of 
the Extent of the Oppofition to his Miniftry, and 
advifing him to come away from his prefent Station, 
and unite in calling another Minifter, and forgiving 
and forgetting all former Grievances. 

Mr. Parris appears to have been nettled with the laft* 
Recommendation of the Council for him to leave his 
Parifti, and fays, in the Church Records, under his 
own Hand, that the Paper (in Anfwer to the Inftru- 
ment and clajftcal Letter from Cambridge) was brought 
by Deacon Putnam to the Elders, affembled at Bofton, 
at Mr. Willard's, May 29th, 1695, being the Day of 
Eleftion after Dinner, when was affembled the Body 
of Elders, belonging to this Province. This Paper 
was addreffed to the Rev. Mr. Increafe Mather and 
others of the Rev. Elders, which lately met at Cam- 
bridge, under Date of May 20th, 1695, and figned by 
53 Houfeholders and 52 Church members, all belong- 
ing to Salem Village. In this Letter, they fay, that 
the Removing of Mr. Parris from his prefent Station 
will not unite us in calling another Minifter. That 
they juftly fear, ftiould he be removed, they would 
be left, as a Sheep, without a Shepherd. Therefore 
they defire, that Mr. Parris may continue in his pre- 
fent Station. 

The Council appear to have been at laft fully fatif- 
fied that Mr. Parris (hould leave Salem Village, and 
they therefore procured a Parifti for him in Suf- 
field, and fent two Meffengers from that Church, to 
perfuade the Church at Salem Village to difmifs their 
Paftor. Parris informs us, in his Church Records, 
that at a Meeting of the Church, held at his Houfe, 
June 3d, 1695, he acquainted the Brethren, that here 

Appendix. 219 

were two Meflengers from Suffield, who were looking 
out for a Minifter, and by the Defire of fome Elders 
in Bofton, made application to him, and was willing 
to go with them, if the Brethren pleafed, and in his 
Abfence for a few Months, they might try if they could 
(with others who now diffented,) unite in fome other 
Minifter. But, after feveral Hours debate, both with 
the Brethren, and fome other Chriftian Neighbors, 
they all declared an Averfenefs to his Motion. There- 
upon thanking them for their profeffed Love to him, 
he told them, he was not free to go, without their Con- 
fent, and feeing they would not let him go, he prayed for 
them to keep binty and make much of him. The lame Day, 
June 3d, 1695, the Church fent the following deci- 
five Letter to Rev. Increafe and Cotton Mather, 
faying, "we cannot fault ye Intendment of our Brethren 
Sergent David Winchell, and Corporal Viftory Sikes, 
Meflengers from Suffield, fent by yourfelves to obtain 
the Miniftry of our Paftor if we were fo minded, as 
to part with him. But upon maturing together, this 
Day both of Church and others, to confult that Affair, 
do hereby fignify at the Defire of the above Suffield 
Meflengers, with unanimous Agreement, not one ex- 
cepted — (fave the Four known Diflenters) we are 
refolved — God helping againft Juch a Separation during 
our ability to prevent it. And our Paftor tho' other- 
wife inclined, yet as unwilling to leave fo many of his 
Flock, as teftify fo ftrong AfFeftions towards him. So 
earneftly requefting the conftant Helps of your Prayers, 
and as otherwife as you can, we reft, worthy and 
much efteemed Sirs, your needy Brethren. 

Samuel Parris, Paftor, 
in the Name of the Church and other Chriftian 
To the Rev. Mr. Increafe Mather and ) 
Mr. Cotton Mather, Jun., Bofton. ) 

2 20 . Appendix. 

It does not appear that there were any more Efforts 
made by the Bofton Elders, to bring about a Recon- 
ciliation ; and it feems that there was always a Ma- 
jority of the Pari fh in Favor of Mr. Parris, remaining 
with them ; and there appears to have been a very 
general Miftake, with many Authors, in Regard to his 
Difmiffion from his People, they, fuppofing that he 
was haftily driven away from the Village. Whereas 
he continued and maintained himfelf through a min- 
ifterial Quarrel of five Years, until he faw fit to dis- 
continue it, when he informed his Church of his 

There were three diftinft Matters of Difpute between 
Parris and his People at Salem Village. The Firft 
arofe previous to the Breaking out of the Witchcraft 
Delufion, in Confequence of the Negleft of his Parifti 
to furnilh him with the ftipulated Supply of 30 Cords 
of Wood per Annum. The fecond Difpute with the 
four Diffenting Brethren of the Church, arofe in Con- 
fequence of theCourfe purfued by.Parris in Regard to 
Witchcraft. The Third, was in Confequence of his 
claiming the Parfonage and Lands, under a vote of the 
Inhabitants of the Village, and their Refufing to pay 
him his Arrears due him, on his old Lifts o( Rates. 
Thefe three Difputes, caufed a long and continued 
Quarrel, which at laft attrafted the People far and 
near — was a grave Matter for learned Councils, was 
brought before the County Courts, and was a Subjeft 
for Petition before the great and General Court at 
Bofton. After it was underftood that Parris was to 
leave the People at the Village, and that he claimed 
the Parfonage, a fierce Quarrel arofe between him and 
the Inhabitants, which was carried before the Court at 

The Matter, without being fettled, was taken from 

Appendix. '221 

the Courts, and given to Wait Winthrop, Eliftia Coolc, 
and Samuel Sewall, Efqrs., ana they decided "that 
Mr. Parris fhould have lome of his Arrears paid him, 
alfo a fum of Money for his Repairs of the minifte- 
rial Houfe, and be difmifled from Salem Village." 

It was during his greateft Difficulties with his Peo- 
ple, that he loft his Wife by Death. This occurred 
on the 14th of July, 1696. She was buried in the 
Wadfworth burial Ground, in Danvers, where can be 
feen a gray Slate Stone, — a fine Specimen of the lapi- 
dary Art, — with Its Lines as (harp as on the Day 
when they were firft cut, ereded over her Grave, on 
which is the following Infcription, with the Initials of 
Samuel Parris at the Bottom : — 

" Sleep precious Dull, no ftranger now to Reft, 

Thou haft thy longed wifli, within Abraham's Breft— 
Farwell Bcft Wife, Choice Mother, Neighbor, Friend, 
We'll wail the lefs, for hopes of the in the end." s, p. 

After his Difmiffion from Salem Village he re- 
moved to Concord, Maflachufetts, where he lived in 
1705; and 1711, preached fix Months in Dunftable. 
He died at Sudbury, February 27th, 1720; Mrs. 
Dorothy Parris, his fecond Wife, died there on the 6th 
of September, 171 9. The following are the Children 
of Mr. Parris : — Elizabeth, who was married to Benj. 
Barnes, .at Concord, January 13th, 1710; Dorothy, 
married Hopeftill Brown, of Sudbury, 171 8, and 
died March 4th, 1725 ; Samuel, who was a Deacon of 
a Church in Sudbury, died . November 22d, 1792, 
aged 91 Years; Noyes, graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege, 1721, was deranged, and fupported by the Town; 
Mary, married Peter Bent, of Sudbury, April i8th, 



[Eleven Years after the Death of Mr. Parris, the 
following Advertifement appeared. Whether his De- 
fcendants adied upon the Suggeftion contained in it, the 
Editor is not informed.] 

" Any Perfon, who knew Mr. Samuel Parris, formerly of Barbadoes, 
afterwards of Bofton, in New England, Merchant, and after that, Min- 
ifler at Salem Village, &c., deceaPd, to be a Son of Thomas Parris, of 
the Ifland afore faid, Efqr, — who dcceafed 1673, or fole Heir by Will 
to his Eilate in faid Ifland, — are defired to give or fend Notice thereof 
to the Printer of this Paper; and it (hall be for their Advantage." 

\Bofton News-Letter^ No, 1433, July 15/i^, 1731. 


TIITHEN this Edition of the More Wonders had pafled through the 
^^ Prefs, the Publiflicr brought in the following Errata, which, it 
feems, had been infertcd in fomc Copies of the original Edition ; and, 
although fevcral of the Errors are quite immaterial, and others have been 
corredled in the Procefs of Revifion, yet it was thought beft to infert it 
here entire. 

Mr. Woodward informs the Editor, that he copied it from a Copy of 
Mr. Calef's Work in the Library of the Maflachufetts Hill. Society, 
which once belonged to Dr. Cotton Mather, and afterwards to Dr. 
Jeremy Belknap. Hence it is very probable that this Copy was pre- ' 
fentcd to Dr. Mather by the Author. However this may have been, 
the following Extrad, written in Dr. Mather's own Hand in the fame 
Volume, feems odd indeed : 

"Job, xxxi, 35, 36. My Dcfire is, tbat'mm^ Adverfary had written 
a 600L Surely I would take it upon my Shoulder, and bind it as a 
Crown to me." 

"Co. Mather." 


[The Reference is to the Pages of the original Edition ; being thofe of the inner 
Margin of this Edition.] 

' I *HE Pages from 48 to 57 may be corrected with the Pen as alfo in 
the Preface 7 Lines from the End inllead of ufc read me. P. 3. L. 
17. f. furioufly r. ferioufly P. 13. L. 2. f. fruitful r. faithful. P. 16 L. 
3 from the Bottom f me r. Mr. P. 18. L. 6. f. drawing r. chaining. 
P. 28. L. 13. the Word More to be left out. P. 49. L. 12. r. the An- 
cients did worfliip. P. 52. L. 9. r the more nearly. P. 55. L. 14 f. 
unaccountable r. uncomfortable. P. 61. L. 26. aficr the Word pro- 
pofe r. 

I. That if yourfclves plcafe to lake the Trouble with Patience once 
more to hear the Cafe and give full Liberty of proving, &c. to the Word 

P. 63. L. 3. f. proved r. procured P. 65. L. 25. f dear. r. clear. 

P. 85. L. 20. r. befl learn. P. 93. L. 12. f. fucking r. fuckling. 

P. 94. L. 22. r. Mercy Lewis. P. 98. L. 16. Nathaniel Cary. 

P. 106. L. 31. r. up the Hill. P. 143. L. 8. f flew r. fled. 

P. 152 L. 26. f that he r. he that. 

Errata, in the frefent Edition. — Vol. i, P. 102, Note 114, f. credu- 
lous, r. incredulous. P. no, L. 11, for on r. out. P. 189, N. 174, 
r. Dr. Felt. Vol. iii, P. 184, L. i, r. James. 


^'OTE. — As tbe isuH Ramaa Svmenh a dus InJn denoce Votk the Votumes 
•*' and the Pi^ts oa the inrrododions. thoie whc coBiolt it may oKl'crre, that when 
the IntrodDdary Pa^es "are rcfcrri to, the Re^Erence to the Volume b in larje or 
Roman Capitals : — For Ezan:p;e, I. ix. rria to the nrft Volume^ and to Pa^ ao of the 
Introdudioii to the iaaae XaHaati IL, zxu, relbr to Volume iecond, and Page ii of 
that Volume. 

A BBOT, Benjamin, 195, iii, 1 16, 
"^^ 117. 

Abbot, Nchcroiah, 191. 

Abbot, Sarah, 196, iii, 117, 

Acofla, Jofcph, 2CI. 

Addington, Ifaac, 26, iii, 15, 135. 

Adv, , a Writer againft Witch- 
craft, iii, 74. 

Alcot, Job, appointed Couniellor, 

Alden, John, Jr., II, xxiv ; tried and 
imprifoncd, iii, 26 ; his Narra- 
tive, 26-8 ; Bail rcfufcd, 30 ; ef- 
capes, il.; cleared by Proclama- 
tion, 128. 

Aldcn, Timothy, iii, 177, 178. 

Allen, James, 108, 151, iii, 40. 

Allen, John, fees one of the Accufcd 
fly in the Air, i, 1 77 ; his Oxen 
bewitched, iii, 93. 

Allen, William, cited, 7. 

Ambrofe, Ifaac, on the Devil, 56. 

America, a fquallid, horid Defart, 
1 3 ; of what Ufe is it, 46 ; fome 
hopeful Symptoms of, 97: ever 
to be in the Devil's Hands ? /^.,* 
Spirits common to be fecn Day 
and Night in, ii, 116. 

Andover, People of, bewitched, iii, 


117, 120, 121, I2^, 126. 

Andrew, Daniel, ii, 159, iii, 44; 
Jofeph, 105 ; Sarah, ik 

Andrews, Thomas, iii, 107. 

Andros, Edmund, Sir, I, btixi. 

Andrus, Silas, I, xcii. 

Angels, evil ones, ii. 32, 43, 75; 
Notions concerning, 187-i 

Apparition, of thofe Murdered, 34; 
of the Devil, 79 ; of Mr. Bea- 
con. 136-7; Accufers at Trials, 
155; their Charges confeflcd, 
188-9; Witneflcs, iii, 106. 

Appleton, Samuel, 26, iii, 15. 

Arnold, John, Jailor of Bofton, iii, 
20, 179. 

Arnold, Margaret, 145. 

Afhurft, Henr}', Sir, I, vi; Agent 
for Mafl*achufctts, iii, 148-9. 

Aftrology, injudicioufly regarded, 
122, 238. 

Atkinfon, John, Wiinefs againft 
Martin, 178; Sarah, 184; John's 
Cow bewitched, iii, 94 ; Sarah, 
is amazed, at nothing, 100. 

Attaballipa, his Fate, iii, 138-9. * 

Auftin, fweet fpiritcd, 27. 

Aves, Samuel, ii, 68. 

Ayer, John, Jr., iii, 196. 



"D ACHELOR, John, Apology of, 

^ iii, 135. 

Bailey, John, iii, 40; Conftable, 

Bailey, N., his Definition of Witch- 
craft, I, xiii. 

Baker, , Sifter to Ann Putnam, 

iii, 11. 

Balch, Benj. Jr., Wife Elizabeth, 
fwears againft Mrs. Biftiop, iii, 

Ballantine, John, II, xxii. 

Ballard, Jofeph, iii, 51 ; Brother 
John, ih,y 113; Operations to 
difcover Witches, 55 ; Witnefles, 

Baptifm by the Devil, Ceremony 
of, iii, 1 13. 

Bare, John, Searcher for Witch- 
teats, iii, 39. 

Barker, Abigail, figned a Recanta- 
tion, iii, 57. 

Barnard, John, II, xxi; prays at 
Witch Examinations, iii, 56. 

Barnes, Benjamin, iii, 221. 

Bartcl, Robert, Capt^ iii, 178. 

Barton, James, II, xxiii. 

Bates, William, Extradl from, ii, 

Baxter, Richard, I, xx ; on Me- 
morable Providences, 10, 141 ; 
thanks C. Mather, ii, 43 ; quoted, 
45 ; his ungainfayable Book, 86 ; 
cure of Church Divifions, 1 1 1 ; 
commends I. Mather, 1135 his 
Ideas of a Devil and Witch, 
&c., 113-119; his Work the 
Effeft of aged Imbecility, 1 19. 

Bayley, Mrs., Sifter to Ann Put- 
nam, iii, 1 1. 

Beacon, Jofeph, 136, 137. 

Beale, William, fwears againft Mr. 
Englifti, iii, 177-86; Son dies, 
182, 183. 

Belknap, Jeremy, referred to, ii, 85. 

Belzebub, Works afcribed to, iii, 

Bent, Peter, of Sudbury, iii, 221. 

Benom, Miftrefs, accufed, iii, 130. 

Bent, Mr., , iii, 100. 

Bentley, William, D. D., on P. 
Englifti, iii, 179-81. 

Bereans, reference to, ii, 3. 

Bernard, Richard, on detefting 
Witches, 45-6; Remarks on, ii, 
12 ; Calef on, 56 ; how did the 
Jews manage without him, iii, 


Bibber, John, Witnefs againft Giles 
Cory, iii, 172. 

Bibber, Sarah, iii, 8 ; fwears againft 
Mrs. Nurfe, 1 1 ; againft Mr. 
Burroughs, 62; againft Cory, 

Billerica, People of, bewitched, iii, 

Brftiop, Bridget, Trial of, 163 ; 
what her Shape did, 164; her 
Coat torn while Invifible, 165; 
her Poppets difcovercd, 173 ; 
Teats found upon •her, 174; ac- 
cufed ten Years before, 208; 
long reputed a Witch, iii, 3 1 • 
Executed, ih^i Copy of her In- 
didment, 741; others, 75-6; 
Trial of, 77-80 ; why called 
Oliver, 78 ; has a preternatural 
Teat, which vaniftied, 88. 

Biftiop, Edward, iii, 1 1 ; and Wife 
Sarah, committed, 16; why cried 
out on, 17; efcape from Prifon, 
49; his Sow bewitched, 81-2. 

Bifliop, Samuel, iii, 49; had mar- 
ried a Putnam, ib. 

Black-art taught by the Devil, I, 

Black, Mary, arrefted, iii, 16. 

Blackmore, Richard, Sir, I, Ixxvi. 



Black Pig, one appears to John 

Louder, iii, 85-6. 
Blazdel, [Henry ?] 181, iii, 97. 
Bligh, (BIy,) John, fwears againft 

Mrs. Bifhop, i67,iii, 81-2, 88. 
Bligh, William,. 173, iii, 76, 78, 

82, 88. 
Blount, Thomas, Definition of 

Witchcraft, T, xii-xiii. 
Bocking, {ane, 142. 
Bodin, John, Writer on Demono- 

logy, ii, 6, 117. 
Bohun, Edmund, Licencer, I, cii. 
Booth, Elizabeth, iii; 16, 204. 
Boxford, Witchcraft in, iii, 1 26. 
Boynton, Jofeph, ii, 151. 
Bradbury, Mary, condemned, iii, 


Bradford, William, 26. 

Bradley, Samuel, II, xxvii. 

Bradflreet, John, accufed, iii, 52; 
makes his efcape, 53. 

Bradftreet, Simon, 26, ii, 85, iii, 
52, 145-6; Dudley commits ac- 
cufed, iii, 52. 

Bratde, Thomas, Letter to, ii, 85- 
92; William, 108, 

Braybrook, Samuel, iii, 7; accufes 
Giles Cory, 170. 

Bridges, James, iii, 126. 

Bridgham, Jofeph, ii, 151. 

Bfidgman, Orlando, Sir, 141. 

Brimftonc, horrid Scent of, 121; 
without a Metaphor, 122; a 
Flood of, ii, 4 ; ufed in torment- 
Ji^gj "> 33; fcalded with, 47; 
fmelt in Margaret Rule's Cafe, 

Brinley, George, I, viii. 

Brown, Hopeftill, iii, 221. 

Brown, William, Witnefs 182; his 
Wife fees Sufannah Martin van- 
ifli, iii, 99 ; fome Devil bewitches 
her, ib. 

Bunyan, John, I, xxi. 

Burder, George, I, Ixxix. 

Burnet, Biftiop, 140. 

Burroughs, George.f 151) Charges 
againfl^i 5 3 1 chiloifh Accufations 
againft^i54y alleged Confufion, 
155 ; accufed of Murders, 156; 
Ghofts of his Wives, 157; his 
Promifes to induce People to 
become Witches, 158; had the 
Strength of a Giant, 159; Treat- 
ment of his Wives, 160; puts 
on Invifibility, 16 1-2; denies 
the Exigence of Witches, 162 ; 
Executed, 163; his great Strength 
from the Devil, ii, 9 ; further 
Account of his Execution, iii, 38- 
9; GonfeffioH-eP on e of hia \ A€- 
c uferv4 ;S; Indidlment,6i ; Trial, 
63 ; Brother-in-Law to Mr. Ruck, 
72-3 ; denies that there are Witch- 
es, 74 ; about his pAitting on In- 
vifibility, 123 ; Caufe of his 
being profecuted, 210. 

Burrows, [Burroughs] Jeremiah, 84. 

Burton, Robert, I, xxxviii. 

Buxton, John, afflifted, iii, 17. 

/^ALEF, Robert, I, xxix, Ixxv; 

^^ his More Wonilers, 8cc,,\xxvi; 
a fingular Judgment upon,lxxxvii ; 
little known of him, II, xii; a 
Sir John, xiii; his More Won- 
ders burnt, xxi; Will of, xxiii; 
before Authority to defend him- 
felf, ii, 8 ; Vifit to Margaret 
Rule, 49 ; threatened with Arreft 
for Slander, 54; propofes an^ In- 
terview with Mr. C. Mather, 55 ; 
Letter to Mr. C. M., 56-59; 
profecuted, 5 5 ; explains his Be- 
lief of Witchcraft, 96; on the 
Power of the Devil, 58 ; com- 
plains of Mr. M.'s bad Faith, 



60; not appeared againft at Court, 
ib, : another Letter to C. M., 
70-74; the Cafe of Rule further 
examined, 72, &c.; another Let- 
ter to C. M., 79-85; his En- 
deavors to clear the Accufed, 78 ; 
expe6b Enemies, 84; will do his 
Duty, 85; Letter to Mr. B., 85- 
92; Letter to the Miniflers, 92- 
102; charges C. M. with being 
a Caufe of the Witch Troubles, 
92; his Anfwer, 93; his More 
Wonders denounced, 96 ; Letter 
to S. Willard, 102-105; another 
to C. M., 113; defcribes the 
Perils to an Oppofer of Witch- 
craft, 122; Letter to the Minif- 
lers, 124-34; rebukes the Min- 
ifters, 132-3; Letter to Wadf- 
worth, 134-40; Expofure of C, 
M.'s bad Logic, 1 36 ; Anfwer to 
Stuart, 1 86- 1 98 ; on Angels, 187; 
accufed of Blafphemy, 202 ; ano- 
ther in Anfwer to Stuart, 207- 
212; Strictures on L Mather's 
Agency, iii, 18 or 19. 

Camerarius, living Library, ii, 6. 

Carlton, William, II, vii. 

Carrier, Martha, Indidlment and 
Trial of, 194, iii, 113-121; hor- 
ribly tortures poor People, 115; 
lier Children fwear againfl her, 
ib, ; caufes Sores, 116; pulls one 
by his Hair, 117; kills Cattle, 
118; (hakes Phebe Chandler, 
119; makes Noifes in the Air, 
ib,s feenat Witch- meetings, 120; 
goes through the Air on a Pole, 
ib,; at a diabolical Sacrament, 
ib, ; a rampant Hag, 121; to be 
Queen of Hell, ib. 
-Carrier, Richard, 197, 199, iii, 
117; afflidls one, 1 1 8. 

Carrier, Thomas, 194. 

Cary, Mrs., accufed, iii, 11; (cnt 
toPrifon, 20; Barbarity towards, 
20-25 ; efcapes to New York, ib. 

Cary, Jonathan, [Nathaniel,] iii. 

Cat-rope, defcribcd, ii, 7. 
Chamberlain, Edward, I, Ixxvi. 
Chandler, Bridget, fwcars againft 

Mrs. Carrier, iii, 119. 
Chandler, Phebe, 198; fhaken by a 

Witch, iii, 118; her Legs feized 

on, 1 19. 
Chandler, Sufan, 142. 
Chandler, Thomas, Evidence, iii, 

Chapman, Simon, and Wife, iii, 

Charity, recommended, 28. 
Charles, Second, iii, 143. 
Charleftown, Witchcraft Trials at, 

iii, 126. 
Charms, by whom prafticed, ii, 28. 
Chafe, G. W., Hi^ory of Haver^ 

bill, iii, 128, 196-7. 
Checkley, Samuel, ii, 151. 
Cheever, Ezekiel, Scribe, iii, 31. 
Chefter, Bifliop of, I, ix. 
Chips in Wort, defined, iii, 126. 
Choate, Thomas, JI, xxvi. 
Chriftian, Philofopher, I, Ixxii-iii. 
Churches, why often ftruck by 

Thunder, 68-9 ; prevent Witch- 
craft, 130-1.' 
Churchill, Sarah, iii, 204. 
Circles. — See Witch-Circles. 
Clark, Mary, Examination of, iii, 

Clark, Samuel, his Story of the 

Devil's Appearance, 121. 
Clavigero, [Francis Xavier,] 202. 
Cloyce, Peter, protefts againft Mr. 

Parris, ii, 143. 
Cloyce, Sarah, iii, 7, 53; Sifter 

Nurfe, II, 13 ; goes out of 



Meeting, 14; an excellent Wo- 
man, 211. 

Colman, Benjamin, I, xci, xcvi. 

Coman, Richard, 167 ; fwears 
againft Mrs. Biftiop, iii, 82. 

Comings. — See Cummings. 

Connedlicut, Witchcraft in, iii, 1 30, 

Cook, Elilha, Judge, ii, 157; Agent 
to England, iii, 148, 221. 

Cook, John, a Witnefs, i, 166, iii, 
78, 80-1. 

Cooper, Thomas, on Witchcraft, 


Corwin, Jonathan, 1, vii, 26, iii, 6, 

10, 15; examines Giles Cory, 

Corwin, George, Sheriff, iii, 49, 

50; buried, 79, 187, 202. 
Cory, Giles, preilcd to Death, 209, 

11, vii. iii, 7. 44-5, 79; his 
Examination, 169-173; Site of 
his Refidence, 1 74. 

Cory, Martha, accufcd, ii, 7, 9; 
fent to Prifon, 10; fentcnced to 
Death, iii, 44 ; executed, 45 ; 
Ballad on her and her Hufband's 
Fate, 174-77. 

Cotton, John, I, xxv, Ivvi. 

Cox, Mary, Irons for, iii, 20. 

Crofby, [Anthony?] a Doftor, de 
clares Hyfterics a Cafe of Witch- 
craft, iii, 100. 

Cullender, Rofe, 142. 

Cumbey, Robert, II, xxi. 

Cummings, Jofiah, iii, 107. 

Cummings, Ifaac, Witnefs, 192, iii, 
105; his Mare dies, 111. 

Curiofines, matchlefs, 201 210. 

Cufhing, John D., II, vii. 

r\AGGET, William, iii, 183. 
•*^ Dane, Deliverance, figns a 
Recantation, iii, 57. 

Dane, Francis, iii, 121; John, his 
Apology, 135. 

Danforth, Samuel, I, xcvi; Tho- 
mas, ii, 109; iii, 15; Judge, 
125; Services, 126; admonilhes 
Mrs. Dafton, 128. 

Daniel, Samuel. 26. 

Daftin, Goodwife, iii, 1 26; cleared, 
127; but dies in Prifon, 128. 

Davis, Silvanus, 26. 

Dean, John Ward, 13. 

Dee, John, Aftrologer, 1 24. 

Defoe, D., on the Devil, 102. 

Dclrio, on Witchcraft, I, xiii, xx. 

Demonology, by King James, I, xx; 
its Character, xxi, xli-iii. 

Demons, preftigious ones, iii, 160. 

Denmark, * great Difcovery of 
Witches in, 148. 

Defaguliers, J. T., I, Ixxvi. 

Devil, I, xi ; teaches the Black Art, 
xii; how he creates Witches, xv; 
Nature of his Covenant with, 
xviii-xix; exifts by God's Per- 
miflion, xx ; the Principal in 
Witchcraft, but cannot be tried, 
xxvi ; aiTents to good Offices, 
xxxvii ; appears pcrfonally to 
Witches, liv; what he requires 
of them, Iv; coming down in 
great Wrath, i, 50, 54, -](>, 95, 
101, 117, 122, 135; owned N. 
England, 15; an Army of Dev- 
ils, 17 ; many fign his Book, 1 8 ; 
has made a dreadful Knot of 
Witches, ib. ; his Juggles feared, 
19; bid come out of a Damfel, 
20; Speech of, 20-1; may re- 
prefcnt an innocent Perfon, 2 1 ; 
darting Operations, 24 ; raifes 
Storms and Tempefts, 25; en- 
vies the Profpefts of the Coun* 
try. 26; made us a troubled Sea, 
27; gives us Shakes, ih,; com- 



miffioned by Witches, 29; tells 
many Truths, 3 1 ; Devil-ridden, 
33 j always leaves the Mark of 
his Covenant, 40; League with, 
41 ; his Exiftcnce not doubled, 
55-6; Government among, 97; 
I'warm about us like the Frogs of 
Egypt, ib, ; Prince of the Power 
of the Air, iL ; Belzebub, 58; 
knows every Language, tb. ; De- 
grees of Devils, 59 ; horrible 
Dragon, 60; a Tyger, 61; gets 
Liberty to make a Defcent upon 
Men, ib, ; Rendezvous of his 
Troops, ib,; his long Journey, 
62; a Do-evil, 64; a Moloch, 
65 ; prevents Difcoveries and In- 
ventions, 66 \ fends Ptagues, and 
Peftilence, and Wars, 6j ; a Vul- 
can, 68 ; makes a horrible Tem- 
ped, 69 ; ufes a hot Iron . 7 1 ; 
his Wrath increafes, is Prince 
of this World, 72; God fwears 
at, 73 ; his Time almoft out, 74; 
God's Command to, 76; makes 
Earthquakes, jj ; his prefent 
Quarters, 79; his World, 80; 
incredible Droves of, 81; nib- 
bles at the Heels of Saints, 83; 
the World his Country, 85; his 
Time nearly out, 88-.91 ; his eld- 
eft Son, 89; alarmed at the Set- 
tlement of N. England, 94 ; an 
Eyefore to, ib, ; an antagoniftic 
Force, 96; appears as a black 
Man, 102; his Law Book, 104; 
takes on the Likenefs of harmlefs 
People, 106; permitted by God, 
107; burning and footy, 109; 
in God's Chain, no; bap/ifes, 
III; adminifters the Sacrament, 
ib, : how influenced to come 
down, 114; the Way to out-wit 
him, ib, ; we give Reft to, 115 ; 

Sparks of Hell Fire flafhing from 
every Side of, 115 ; on a Chim- 
ney in Germany, 116; throwing 
Stones there, and other Mifchief, 
117: fet on by the Wrath of 
God, 118; rattling of his Chains 
heard, 121; an Afp, 122; infer- 
nal Dragon, 124; flies about as 
a Bird, 130; Children dedicated 
to, 131; a Whip for his Back, 
132; forced to fly by a Woman 
behind the Door, 133; a Prince, 
a God, 134; afflids with Dif- 
tempers, 148-9; a black Man, 
159; defcribed, 171; one in a 
Meeting-houfe, 174 ; performs 
Baptifms at Newbury Falls, 194; 
carries fome to a Witch-meeting 
on a Pole, 199 ; appoints a 
Queen of Hell, 200 ; apiftily af- 
feds divine Things, 201; his 
Proceedings among the Swedes, 
216; difcovered by the Author, 
217; his Power, 218; Dog of 
Hell, 219; Serpent upon a Rock, 
220; tempts with Friendfliip, 
224; a fpeckled Snake when he 
tempted Eve, 225; (hoots cruel 
Bombs, 227; would burn all the 
Bibles, 229; a Throng of in the 
Aulhor*s Meeting-houfe, 230; 
he rocks Perfons to fleep there, 
231; hurried Jcfus to the Top 
of the Temple, 232; prevents 
Witches from uttering all the 
Lord's Prayer, ib, ; a Nimrod, 
233; can attack with Thunder 
and Lightning ; raife Storms, 
ib,; a Goliah; dogs Minifters, 
bad at quoting Scripture, 234; 
quotes it ior our Terror, 235; 
plays the Preacher, 236; con- 
fulting Aftrologers is going to the 
Devil, 238; a Mountebank, 241; 



to worfhip him is Witchcraft, 
243 ; with lengthened Chains, 
ii, 4; commiffioned by Witcfies 
queftioncd, 7 ; further difcufled, 
ib,\ 8; his Power to create 
Strength? 9; origin of the Be- 
lief in fuch a Charadler, 1 1 ; a 
damnable Dodrine, 12; appears 
to an Indian, 25 ; prodigious De- 
fcent of, 26 ; his Size, Com- 
plexion and Voice, 29-30; his 
Power, 41 ; very uncertain, 42; 
"horrendous Operations,'* 46; 
got a Scourge for his Back, 47; 
not commiffioned by a Witch, 
58; denied, 76; can work Mi- 
racles, 74; his Bounds fet, 76; 
caufes Plagues, 79 ; docs not know 
every Language, 80; his Tefti- 
mony not to be regarded, 82 ; 
the oldeft Sinner, 90; more about 
his Powers, 94-5; vaft Numbers 
of, lb, ; a. Free-wilier, 118; com- 
miffioned by Contract, 1 28 ; only 
commiffioned by God, 130-1; 
no Father of Baftards, 196; an 
independent Power, 201 ; rcfem- 
blcs an Indian iii, 70 ; defcribed, 
85 ; flies over an Apple-tree, 86; 
Depredation in a Meeting-houfe, 
89; -performs Baptifm, 112; his 
Manner of Baptifing, 113; van- 
quiflied by Sir W. Phips, 158; 
commiffioned by Witches, 162; 
meets with Aftonifliment, 209. 

Douglafs, William, I, Ixix, Ixx, iii, 
125, 159. 

Downer, Robert, Witnefs againft 
Mrs. Martin, 180; tormented by 
her m the Shape of a Cat, iii, 96. 

Dragon, makes Wars, 67; infinu- 
ates Witchcraft, 1 24 ; a great 
Devil, 216; hard dter Minif- 
ters, 234; keeping Guard, ii, 79. 

Drake, Nathan, Extradls from, I, 

Dudley, Jofeph, iii, 145; prefides 

at the Trial of Glover, 153. 
Dummer, Jeremiah, ii, 151. 
Dunton, John, I, vi, viii, 217, ii, 

Durent, Ann, 142; William,/^. 
Duftin, Hannah. — See Dastin. 

p^AMES, Rebecca, condemned 

and executed, iii, 45. 
Earl, Roben, on Margaret Rule, 

ii, 69. 
Earth, recedes from the Sun, 75; 

filled with firey-flying Serpents, 

Earthquakes, the Work of the 

Devil, jy, 78; happening all 

over Europe, 91, 92. 
Eafty, Ifaac, committed for Witch- 
craft, iii, 16. 
Eally, Mary, fentenced, iii, 44; 

her Execution, 46; dies proteft- 

ing her Innocence, 46-48; an 

excellent Woman, 211. 
Elimas, Sorceries of, ii, 171. 
Eliot, Edmund, 181, 182, iii, 97-8. 
Eliot, John I, Ixvi. 
Elizabeth, Queen, Witchcraft in 

her Time, I, xxxix. 
Elliott, Andrew, Apology of, iii, 


Ember-weeks, what they are, ii, 

Enchantments encountered, 9-48 

Endicolt, Zerobbabel, 2 1 o. 

Englifli, Mary, committed, iii, 16; 
efcapes, 50, 79 ; Tcftimony 
againft, 126-7. 

Englifli, Philip, indided, iii, 16; 
efcapes from Prifon, 50; Ac- 
count of, 177; an Epifcopajian, 
178; dies, 181. 



Ethnics, Gentiles, ii, 119, iii, 164, 
Evelith, Jofcph, Apology of, iii, 


"pALKNER, condemned to 

'*' Death, iii, 45. 

Familiar Spirit, who hath it, iii, 

Farnam, John, iii, 126. 
Farnum, [Varnum?] Ralph, 195. 
Farrare, Thomas, iii, 185. 
Faft, appointed in Reference to 

Witchcraft, iii, 132. 
Felt, Jofcph B., cited, ii, 109, iii, 

20, 181. 
Filmer, Robert, Sir, on Witchcraft, 

I, xvii-xx, XXV. 
Firmin, Giles, 13. 
Fiflc, Thomas, Apology of, iii, 36, 


Fiflc, William, iii, 135. 

Fletcher, Benjamin, Gov., iii, 25; 
his Kindnefs to Fugitives from 
Witchcraft Profecutions, 180. 

Flint, Thomas, a Searcher for 
Witchteats, iii, 39. 

Flood, a great one in the Connedi- 
cut, 29. 

Fogg, John S. H., ii, 75. 

Foob, made able Fortune-tellers, 
iii, 142. 

Fofter, Ann, executed, iii, 45 ; 
her Confeffion, 119-20; Remark 
upon, 208. 

Fofter, Ephraim, Evidence in Ward- 
well's Cafe, iii, 126, 

Fofter, Hannah, confeflcs being car- 
ried on a Pole t* a Witch-meet- 
ing, 199. 

Fofter, Jacob, iii, 107. 

Fofter, John, firft Printer in Bofton, 

Fowler, Jofcph, iii, 8. 

Fowler, Samuel P., ii, 6; his Life 
of Parris, iii, 198. 

Foy, [John?] Captain, 137. 

Franckius, [Peter?] I, Ixxvi. 

Franklin, Benjamin, I, Ixxvi-vii. 

Freemen, andNon-freemen, iii, 143. 

Fuller, Goodman, is killed by 
Witchcraft, iii, 64. 

Fuller, [Jacob ? ] a Dodor, decides 
a Cafe of Hyfterics to be Witch- 
craft, iii, icx>. 

Fuller, John, iii, 1 1 . 

Fuller, Thomas, D. D., I, Ixxvi-vii, 
II, 196. 

Fuller, Thomas, iii, 199. 

QALLOWSHill, where reputed 

^^ Witches were executed, iii, 45. 

Gallows-Tree, iii, 1 77. 

Gaul, John, on Detedion of Witch- 
es, 42-4; his Rules obferved, 
153; Remarks upon, ii, 12; Ca- 
Icf on, 56, 70, 178, 197; Ma- 
ther on, iii, 64. 

Gedney, Bartholomew, I, vii, 26; 
Judge, iii, 26; Conduct at Capt. 
Alden's Trial, 28, 30, 172. 

Gee, Jofhua, I, xcvi. 

Germany, the Devil on a Chimney 
there, 116, 117; Witchcraft in, 
ii, 197. 

Ghofts of murdered People appear, 

}SS^ «5^-7> 209» i", 106. 

Gibbs, Barnabas, II, xxv. 

Gidney, Bartholomew. — See Ged- 

Gill, Obadiah, II, xxi; William, a 
Searcher for Witchteats, iii, 39. 

Glanville, Jofeph, defcribes Unbe- 
lievers in Witchcraft, I, Ixi. 

Glover, Goody ^ executed, iii, 153. 

Goblin, one defcribed, iii, 85-6. — 
See Hobgoblin. 



God, fwcars in loud Thunders at the 
Devil, 73; more abandons the 
World than formerly, 75; bids 
the Devil make all miferable, jS] 
• permits the Devil to come upon 
us, 107; has the Devil in a 
Chain, 110; his Wrath fets on 
the Devil, 118; would have fub- 
dued the Devil if called upon, 
120; fwears in Wrath, 125; 
clucks to us, 130; a Dog of Hell 
barking at him, 219; the Devil 
fuperior to, ii, 9; whether he 
commiffions the Devil, 70; the 
Mother of, 82; leaves the Devil 
at free-will, 118; commiffions 
the Devil, 130-1. 

Godfrey, John, iii, 52. • 

Gold, Sam., at Mrs. Bifhop's Trial, 
iii, 78; at Giles Cory's, 170. 

Good, Sarah, accufed of being a 
Witch, iii, 6, 7 ; her Child alfo, 
11; Chains for, 20; executed, 
33; Horrors attending, 34, 187. 

Good, William, iii, 7. 

Goodall, Good wife, iii, 8. 

Goodwin, John, Children bewitch- 
ed, T, Ixxxviii; teftifies to a Mi- 
racle, II, xxi; Baxter on the 
Story, 45 ; farther Note on, iii, 

Gould, William, II, xxiii. 

Gowans, William, I, xciii. 

Gray, Samuel, fwears againft Mrs. 

Bilhop, 166; iii, 31. 
Green Lane, iii, 115. 
Green, Mary, imprifoned and cf- 

capes, iii, 53. 
Green, Thomas, II, xxv. 
Greenflett, John, iii, 64. 
Greenflett, Thomas, fwears againft 

Mr. Burroughs, iii, 64. 
Griggs, Dr., iii, 8, 190; 205-6. 


IIJADLEY, Deborah, iii, 107. 

^^ Hale, John, prays at Witch 
Trials, iii, 10; attends Examina- 
tions, 22; his Wife accufed, 48; 
on Mr. Parris's Condud, 207. 

Hall, Bifhop, on the Devil's Preva- 
lency, 112; on Aftrology and 
Magic, 124. 

Hanvoord, Goodman, iii, 11. 

Happy Family, Origin of, 29. 

Hardy, Thomas, his Snare of Dev- 
ilifm, iii, 102. 

Harris, Benjamin, I, vii, II, 55. 

Harrod, John, iii, II. 

Hathorne, John, I, vii, 26, iii, 6, 
9, 15; Inhumanity of, 23; Ex- 
aminant of Giles Cory, 169; of 
Tituba, 187; of Mary Clark, 195. 

Hathorne, Sufanna, iii, 195. 

Haverhill, Witchcraft in, iii, 128, 
195, 197. 

Hell, Toy Is of, 19; Belial of, 22; 
Mad Dogs of, 27; Philiftines of, 
27 ; Maftives of, 64; loweft 
Depths of, j-j] hellifh Rattle- 
fnakes, 80; wild Beafts of, 86; 
Ty-dogs of, 108; Adders of, 
II 8 ; a litde Portraiture of, 131; 
a Queen appointed for, 200; the 
Pilate of, ii, 27; Lions and Bears 
of, 43 ; lively Demonftrations of, 
47; Covenant with, 136; great 
Officers of, iii, 113. 

Hemmingius, Nicholas, 204. 

Herrick, George, ii, 109; Marfhal, 
iii, II, 17 ; teftifies againft Giles 
Cory, 172. 

Herrick, Henry, iii, 135. 

Heyman, Samuel, 26. 

Hiacoomes, a Chriftian Indian, ii, 

Higginfon, John, I, vii, 201, 207; 
Examiner, iii, 126. 



Hill, John, Capt., li, 75 ; at Salem, 

iii, 27. 
Hill; Zeb., a Searcher for Witch- 
teats, iii, 39. 
Hinckley, Thomas, 26. 
Hoar, Dorcas, condemned, iii, 44; 

Eftate feized, 50. 
Hobs, William, committed, iii, 

Hobbes, Thomas, ii, 201. * 

Hobbs, Abigail, condemned and 

executed, iii, 45. 
Hobbs, Deliverance, Witnefs againfl 

Bifhop, 1 65 'y committed as a 

Witch, iii, 16; tormented, 80. 
Hobgoblin, Witchcraft, iii, 1^7. — 

See Goblin. 
Holland, Jofeph, II, xxii. 
Hollingworth, Richard, iii, 179, 

182; William, ib. 
Holton, Benjamin, iii, 1 1 ; Sarah, 

Witnefs againft Mrs. Nurfe, ib, — 

See HouLTON. 
Hopkins, Matthew, 30. 
Horneck, Anthony, 19, 69, 221. 
Horfe-fhoes, ufed by Conjurors, iii, 

Houlton, Jofeph, iii, 113, 203. — 

See Holton. 
How, Elizabeth, 188; iii, 33; In- 

didlmentof, 104; Trial of, 105- 

113; Wife of James, /^, 107; 

baptifed by the Devil, 1 1 2. 
How, John, 190; Witnefs againft 

his Sifter, iii, 109. 
Howe, John, Mr., iii, 139. 
HowcU, James, on Witchcraft, ii, 

Hubbard, Elizabeth, iii, 7, 62; 

fwears againft Mrs. Bifhop, 75- 

6; againft Carrier, 114; againft 

Giles Cory, 170; has Fits, 192. 
Hudibras, on A. Rofs, ii, 1 26. 

Hudfon, William, fees Margaret 
Rule go up without Hands, ii, 70. 

Hughes, John, iii, 7. 

Huguenots, Note on the, 70. 

Hunnewell, Richard, Lt., iii, 64. 

Hunt, Ephraim, ii, 151. 

Hutchinfon, Benj., Complainant, 
iii, 26. 

Hutchinfon, Eliftia, 26. 

IMPS, Employment of, 112; one 

*'• finks a Ship; ib,; one appears like 
a Rat, ii, 35. 

Indians, vaft Herds of, 65 ; Efforts 
of Powawes againft the Settlers, 
94-5 ; one of great Strength, 
159; under Conduct of the De- 
vil, 207 ; Chriftian, ii, 23 ; one 
tempted by the Devil, 25 ; 
Witches among, 75 ; Reafon for, 
1 17-18; Notions of Religion, 
125; Covenant to adore the 
Devil, 136; practice Witchcraft, 
iii, 5 ; refemble the Devil, 70 ; 
in Witchcraft, 185-95 ; two at 
Salem, 204. 

Ingerfol, John, 163 ; Nathaniel, ii, 
143, iii, II; Witnefs, 15, 17, 

Inventions, hindered by the Devil, 

Invifibility of Witches, 204 ; Mift 

of, iii, 160. 

JACOBS, George, Executed, iii, 
38 ; further noticed, 43, 50, 204. 
Jacobs, Margaret, confefles, iii, 43- 

4 ; efcapes Death, ib, 
Jacobs, Mary, one of the Afflidcd, 

iii, 8. 
Jacobs, Thomas, Evidence againft 

Bibber, iii, 8. 
Jackfon, Dodor, iii, 183. 



Jamaica, Earthquake «t, 78. 

James Firft, his Dcmonology, I, xx ; 
his Royal Nonfenfc, xxii; his 
Rules for deteding Witches, iL ; 
followed by Cooper, xxxvii ; 
EfFeft of James's Book, xli ; de- 
fcribes what Witches can do, 
lii, liii. 

James Second, 10, 92, iii, 131; . 
Knights Sir William Phips, 137, 

Jennings, David, I, Ixvii. 

Jefus, on the Top of the Temple, 
232 ; on the Battlements, 233. 

Jewel, Bifhop, [John,] I, xxxix. 

Jewett, Nehemiah, ii, 151. 

John, Indian, iii, 3; bewitched, 
1 5 ; accufes E. Bifhop, 17; his 
Wife Tituba, 22. 

Johnfon, Eliza, iii, 126. 

Johnfon, Samuel, defines Witch- 
craft, xiv, 

JollifFe, John, Counfellor, 26. 

Judges, remarkably blind, 107 ; 
pitiable, 127; defer to Hale's 
Decifions, 141 ; their Reafon 
departed, 174. 

Jurin, James, I, Ixxvi. 

Jurors, fome acknowledge their Er- 
rors, iii, 134-5. 

Juftin, Martyr, ii, 10. 

\r EELING, Judge, a wise Deci- 

-*^ fion of, difregarded, 148. 

Kembal, John, Wiinefs againft Mar- 
tin, 180; (he bewitches his Cat- 
tle, iii, 96-7 ] fees a black Cloud, 
and runs upon Stumps, ib, ; Pup- 
pies appear to him, 98. 

Keney, Henry, teftifies againft Mrs. 
Cory, iii, 7. 

Kerfey, John, his Definition of 
Witchcraft, I, xii. 

Keys, ufcd by Conjurors, iii, 142. 
Keyfar, , Daughter diftraded, 

iii, 16. 
Kimball. — See Kemble. 
King, D. P., owned the Site of 

Giles Cory's Houfe, iii, 74. 
Knowlton, Jofeph, and Wife, iii, 


f ACY, Lawrence, Wife be- 

^^ witched, iii, 120. 

Lacy, Mary, 199; another, 2CX); 
Condemned and Executed, iii, 
45 ; her Copfeffion, 1 20, 

Lancafhire Witches, 158. 

Lane, Francis, Wiinefs, 193, iii, 
105 ; his Rails bewitched, 1 12. 

Laplanders, Witchcraft among, 22, 

Lawrence, Robert, of Cafco, iii, 64. 

Laws, againft Witchcraft, remark 
on, lii, 125 ; repealed, ib, 

Lawfon, Dedot, his Hiftory, I, iv, 
vii, 156, 186 ; endorfes the Story 
of the Iron Spindle, 205 ; de- 
fends the Proceedings againft 
Witchcraft, ii, 154-5 ; at Salem, 
iii, 7, 12; on Mr. Burroughs, 
39 ; his Wife and Children 
killed, 64 ; Chaplain to Andros's 
Expedition, ib,; more about the 
Murder of his Family, 68 ; on 
the Devil's Baptifm, 1 1 3. 

Le Clerc, [jean,] cited, ii, 2 1 2. 

Legion, definition of, 56; of De- 
\\\%, 218, ii, 95. 

Leverett, John, Gov., ii, 108. 

Lewis, Mary, [Mercy,] iii, 26, 75. 

Lewis, Mercy, iii, 8 ; fees a Man 
in While, 13; Witnefs againft 
Mr. Burroughs, 62, 64 ; againft 
Mrs. Biftiop, 75; againft Philip 
Englifh, 1 26 ; againft Giles Cory, 



1 70 ; Account of, 204 ; why fhc 

accufed Mr. Burroughs, 210. 
Leyton, [Thomas,] Mr., of Lynn, 

iii, 185. 
Loader, [Louder?] John, Evidence 

againft Mrs. Bifhop, iii, 76. 
Locker, George, Conftable, iii, 187. 
Lothrop, Barnabas, Counfellor, 26. 
Louder, John, 1 70 ; fees the Devil, 

171 ; fees a Black Pig, iii, 85. 
Louis, Fourteenth, 93. 
Lynd, Jofeph, Counfellor, 26. 

lyrANCHESTER, a^Spedre 

'*•'*' worfted there, 296. ' 

Maniche, an Arabi^H Go<f, ii, 125, 
128. / 

Manning, Jacob, Do^Marfhal, at- 
refts Mr. Englifh, iii,* 181. ^ 

Marfhall, Jolin. II, xxviii. •►• 

Martin, George, iii, 97. 

Martin, Sufanna, Trial of, 175 ; 
Execution, iii, 33 ; In^iftnient 
agaipft, 89-103 ; call into a very 
lingular Confufion, loo; appears 
to John Prefly, loi. 

Martyr, Juftin, ii, 10. 

Mary, Queen of William Third, 
92 : Death of, iii, 131. 

Mafcon, the Devil of, 59, 70. 

Mafon, Stephen, Counfellor, 26. 

Mather, Cotton, why charged with 
an undue Share of the Perfecu- 
tions, I, iii ; Ixxiv, Ixxxv ; his 
Faith in Witchcraft, v ; his un- 
fortunate Book, xxxiv ; Memoirs 
.of, Ixv-xcviii ; his Defence, 1-4; 
further Defence of the Profecu- 
tions, iii, 59 61 ; Countermines 
the Plot of the Devil, i, 3 ; be- 
deviled, 80; condemns Aftro- 
logy, 1 23-4 ; Pity for the Judges, 
1 27-8 ; not prefcnt at the Witch 

Trials, 139; Rejoices at the 
Jufticc of the Work againft 
Witches, 140; Horror at the 
Name of Mr. Burroughs, 152; 
believes in the Ability of Witches 
to put on Invifibility, 162, 204 ; 
gives Unbelievers three Bones to 
pick, 205 ; fome Mifgivings about 
(hedding Blood, 207; Argument 
againft Calef, II, xiii-xviii ; Story 
of Margaret Rule, ii, 21-36; , 
read many Books of Phyfic, 34 ; 
relieves M. Rule by three Fafts, 
39 i pains to refcue the Mifera- 
ble from Lions and Bears of 
Hell, 42 ; thanked by Venera- 
ble Baxter, 43 ; tries to prevent / 
exceffive Credit of fpeftral Evi-\,^ 
dence, 44 ; his ojwi Eftimate of 
of his Labors, 46-7 ; Complaints, 
48 ; Letters to, 48-62 j threa- 
tens Calef, 54 ; has him arrq^ed, 
5 5 ; fails to meet him, 60 ; 
Whittier on, 61 ; Letter to Ca- 
lef, 62-8 : brings heavy Charges 
againft him, 64 ; People believe 
fmutty Things of him, 65-; De- 
fends his Father, 66 ; offers Mr. 
Calef the Ufe of his Books, 67; 
Charges of Hellifh Witchcraft, 
80 ; does not underftand the 
Wiles of the Devil, 83 ; Thunder 
breaks int > his Houfe, 86 ; de- 
fines a Witch, 90 ; a Caufe of 
the Convidlions, 92 ; his Anfwer, 
93 ; Denial of Statements made 
by Calef, 96; does not diftin- 
guifli between Miracles and Works 
of the Devil, 97; Arraigned by 
R. C. in Argument, 135-6 ; Met 
fenger, 15! ; heavy Charges 
againft Calef, iii, 3 2 ; Acquainted 
with the Wiles of the Devil, ib, / 



Conduct at Mr. Burroughs's Ex- 
ecution, 38 ; Defence of the 
Profecuiions, 59-61 ; Omiffions, 
iii, 106, 109, in; an Advo- 
cate, 122; his Account of Tri- 
als as faithful as others, 123; his 
Life of Phips anonymous, and 
why, 136 ; Defends it, 137-8, 
140; ftrenuous for a Reaffiimp- 
tion of the Charter, 146; com- 
pares Mr. Calef to Satan, 151 ; 
the moft A6live of any in profe- 
cuting Witches, 154; his con- 
tradidory Statements pointed out, 
157-8; his Ambidexterity, 154, 
159; his Relatives accufed, z^./ 
fmcere and credulous, 161. 

Mather, Increafe, I, vi, xxx; ii, 12; 
prays with Margaret Rule, 5 1 ; 
Proceecfings againft Mr. Calef, 
5 5 ; cited, 60 ; defended by his 
Son, C, 66 ; on the Devil, 90, 
95 ; Remarkable Providences^ 
106-7; MeiTenger, 151; Defence 
about the Charter, iii,j 8 ; Proc- 
tor's Appeal to, 40 ; Xafes of 
Confcience, 58 ; Angelographia, 
131; his Ads retold by his Son, 
136, 141; his Ideas undergo a 
Change, 142; troubled by Fobb- 
adions, appears to King James, 
145 ; his Reafon for accepting a 
new Charter, 149; the bewitched 
£j[£i__J^a^ Moderater of Mr. 
Parris's Council, 216. 

Mather, Nathaniel, iii, 1 39. 

Mather, Samuel, Life of his Fa- 
ther, I, Ixvii ; Funeral Sermon 
on, xcvii. 

Mead, Matthew, Mr., iii, 139. 

Meeting Houfe; the Devil in one, 
iii, 89. 

Memorable Providences, approved 

by Baxter, 10 ; a Work by L 
Mather, ii, 12, 106-7. 

Merlin, Ambrofe, ii, 196, 

Mexico, Indians of, 201-2. 

Middlecot, Richard, 26, ii, 151. 

Millenium, near at Hand, 90-1. 

Milton, John, I, xi. 

Minifters, why dogged more by the 
Devil than others, 234 ; Stars of 
Heaven, in danger of the Dra- 
gon's Tail, ib. 

Miracles, one witnefTed, ii, 74 ; 
wrought by Men, 1 28, 

Mift of Invifibility, iii, 160. 

Moody, Jofhua, iii, 40 ; aids Philip 
Englifh to efcape from Jail, 1 79- 

More IFfipders, a vile Book, 96. 

Morgan, Samuel, Searcher for 

^ Witch teats, iii, 39. 

Mormons, reference to, ii, 8 1 . 

Morton, Charles, ii, 108. 

]jaAZIANZEN,the Author like 
a« 28. 

Newbury-Falls, Baptifms there by 
the Devil, 194, iii, 112, 197. 

New England, Loyalty and Reli- 
gion in, 10; no Land fo free 
from Vices, 1 2 ; once the Devil's 
Territory, 15, 120; broken in 
upon by an Army of Devils, 1 7 ; 
a Scandal feared from Witch- 
craft, 19 ; Province of, 20; 
(locked with Ratdc-fnakes, 25; 
little Hope of, from the Wrath 
of the Devil, 93-4; a howling 
Wildernefs, 94; its LofTes by 
Indians and by Sea, 95 ; Decline 
of Godlinefs in, 96; poor N. 
England, 109 ; People in the 
Belly of Hell, no; pleafes the 
Devil, 122; no People fo bafcly 



defpife the Gofpcl, 125; haft 
dertroyed thyfelf, ii, 6; a Char- 
ter obtained, iii, 142; why Quo 
Warrantocd, 143; worfe cir- 
cumftanccd than any Corpora- 
tion in England, ib, ; Revolution 
in, 144-153; Prodigies in, not a 
tenth Part related, 161. 

Necromancy, who are guilty of it, 
iii, 166. 

Noyes, Nicholas, I, vii, iii, 7, 9; 
at Alden's Trial, 28 ; Condua 
at Executions, 34 ; his Firebrands 
of Hell, 48 ; at the Examination 
of Mary Clark, 196. 

Nurfe, Francis, iii, 7, 198. 

Nurfc, Rebecca, iii, 7, 10 ; Sifter 
Cloyce, 13; executed, 33; her 
Explanation, 36, 37; Sifter Eafty, 
46; why accufed, 210. 

Nurfe, Samuel, ii, 143, 159, 211. 

/^ AKES, Thomas, Agent to Eng- 

^^ land, iii, 148. 
Ogilvie, John, Definition of Witch- 
craft, I, xiv-xvi. 
Old South Church, Bofton, iii, 

133; Minifters of, in Witchcraft 

Times, 177. 
Oliver, alias Bifhop. — See Bishop, 

Orton, Job, on W. Perkins, 38. 
Oft)orn, Sarah, accufed, iii, 6, 7; 

Iron Chains prepared for, 20; 

accufed by Tituba, 1 88. 
Ofgood, Mary, Recantation of, iii, 


DACY, Deborah, affliaed, 142. 
* Pacy, Elizabeth, afflided, 142. 
Paganifm, Popery, 52. 
Palmer, John, his Book on N. Eng- 
land, iii, 144. 

Paracelfus, [Auroleus,] I, xxxviii, 

Parker, Alice, a Witch, 208; Sen- 
tence to die, iii, 44. 

Parker, Mary, condemned and ex- 
ecuted, iii, 45. 

Parris, Elizabeth, iii, 8, 209. 

Parris, Noyes, iii, 221. 

Parris, Samuel, Proteft againft,.ii, 
1 41 -3; long and humble Ac- 
knowledgment, 143-8; Minifters 
and Elders of the Churches re- 
commend his Acknowledgment 
be accepted, 149-51 ; further 
Proteft againft, 152-3; the El- 
ders' Plea for, 155-6; accufed of 
fwearing falfely, 1 58 ; his Account 
of the Beginning of the Trou- 
bles, iii, 3-4; fwears againft Re- 
becca Nurfe, 11; preaches, 14 
appointed Scribe at the Exam- 
inations, ^^ 5 I Examinations at 
his Houle, '22; fwears againft 
Mrs. Bifhopit 75 ; Scribe at 
How's Trial, 105; at other 
Times, 127; at Cory's Exam- 
ination, 173; Account of, 198- 
222; Family of, 203-4, *^> 
not an Enemy to Mr. Burroughs, 
210; not a fwift Witnefs, ib, ; 
how his Name comes to be fre- 
quent in the Trials, 211; cleared 
by a Council, 217; but difmifled, 
218; Epitaph on his Wife, 221; 
his Death, ib. 

Parris,^ Samuel, Deacon, iii, 221. 

Parris, Thomas, iii, 198, 222. 

Payne, Robert, Juror, iii, 127, 185. 

Payfon, Edward, ii, 151; pleads 
for Mrs. How, iii, 106. 

Peabody, John, Apology of, iii. 

Peach, Bernard, a Witnefs againft 



Mrs. Martin, 178-9 ; bites a 

Witch, iii, 94, 95. 
Peafley, Jofeph, Conftable, iii, 196. 
Pemberton, Ebenczer, ii, 15. 
Pennington, Thomas, I, ix. 
Pcrd, Margaret, ii, 50, 51; fincUs 

Brimftone, 53. 
Perkins, Thomas, Apology of, iii, 


Perkins, William, defines Witch- 
craft, I, xiii ; his Rules queftion- 
ed, xxxiii; Notice of, 37; his 
Doctrine of Witchcraft, ii, 12; 
Mr. Calef on, 56, iii, 165. 

Perley, John, 193-4; Fence Rails be- 
witched by, iii, 1 1 1 ; Apology of, 
1 35; Samuel and Wife, 105, 106. 

Perley, Timothy, Wimefs, 192. 

Pharaoh, Old, accufed of Witch- 
craft, iii, 126-7. 

Philiftines of Hell, 27. 

Phillips, Edward, I, xi; John, 26; 
Samuel, ii, 151 ; Evidence for 
Mrs. How, iii, 106. 

Phips, William, arrives, 25; iii, 18; 
orders Irons for the Accufed, 20; 
orders the Trials for Witchcraft 
publifhcd, 58 ; called Home, 
1 30 ; how became Governor, 
137; finiflied his Life and Go- 
vernment together, ib,; a Pi- 
zarro, 138; harfh Temper, 141 ; 
had his Fortune told, 154; van- 
quifhes the Devil, 158; his Re- 
latives accufed, 159. 

Pike, Robert, 26, iii, 103. 

Pithagoras, Dodlrine of, ii, 1 1 8. 

Pitman, Thomas, 206. 

Pizarro, Sir W. Phips compared 
to, iii, 138. 

Plagues, caufed by the Devil, ii, 

Plaftic Spirit of Witches, 204, ii, 

88; a Nonentity hooked in, 90;* 
Mifchief to the Devil, 96. 

Plynyifm, what it is, 204. 

Pope, Jofeph, and Wife, iii, 8, 203. 

Popery, revived Paganifm, 52. 

Poppets, ufcd by Spedlres, ii, 40, 
iii, 82; fome found and de- 
fcribed, 88; Remark upon, 124. 

Porter, Benjamin, iii, 1 1 . 

Poft, Mary, Evidence againft Mary 
Clark, iii, 197. 

Prayers, the great Artillery of 
Heaven, 132; a Whip for the 
Devil's Back, ib. 

Prefect, Peter, Dr., 196, iii, 116. 

Prcfly, John, Witnefs againft Mar- 
tin, 184; fees a great Light, iii, 
100; his Heels are ftruck up, 
loi ; Lofs of Cows, ib, 

Prefton, Samuel, 198 ; his Cow 
bewitched, iii, 118. 

Prefton, Thomas, iii, 203. 

Prince, Thomas, I, xc, xci, xcv. 

Printing, not fooner difcovcrcd 
owing to the Devil, 66, 

Prober, Elizabeth, iii, 7 ; John, ib, ; 
Mrs., cried out on, 15; John, 
executed, 38;' Barbarity to his 
Family, 40; his Letter to Min- 
ifters, 40-2; his Courfe to pre- 
vent Witchcraft, 204. 

Prodler, William, made to confefs 
by Torture, iii, 4I. 

Prodigies, in N. England, not a 
tenth Part related, iii, 161, 

Pudeater, Ann, fentenced to be exe- 
cuted, iii, 44. 

Pulfifer, David, 1 3, II, vii. III, 169. 

Putnam, Ann, iii, 7, 8, 9; Wit- 
nefs againft Mrs. Nurfe, 1 1 ; 
againft Mr. Burroughs, 39, 62, 
63; againft Mrs. Bifhop, 75; 
againft Giles Cory, 170; againft 




Mary Clark, 197; why (he be 

came an Accufer, 210. 
Putnam, Edward, ii, 143, iii, 7. 
Pumam, John, Wimefs againft Mrs. 

Nurfe, iii. 1 1 ; Mrs; Daftin, 1 28 ; 

of Parris's Society, 198. 
Putnam^ Jofeph, ii, IC9. 
Putnam, Thomas, iii, 7 ; fwcars 

againfl Mrs. Nurfe, 11 ; Mrs. 

Bifhop, 75; Mrs. Dafton, 128. 


UINCY, Jofiah, on " Certain 
Propofals," ii, 106; one fided 
and dogmatical, iii, 19; on I. 
Mather's Diary, 136. 

13 AVEN, Story of one fpeaking, 

Rawfon, Edward, iii, 16, 52, 197. 
Rca, Jofhua, iii, 198. 
Redd, Willmet, condemned to die, 

iii, 45- 

Reed, Richard, iii, 184. 

Rice, Nicholas, iii, 29. 

Rice, Sarah, fent to Prifon, iii, 

Richards, John, 26, iii, 30; Judge, 
125, 128. 

Ring, Jervis, 185; fuffers from 
Nightmare, iii, 103. 

Ringj Jofcph, 186; carried about 
by Demons, iii, 102; in a Snare 
of Devilifm, ib. ,• hurried through 
the Air, ib, ; taken to Hellilh 
Meetings, 102-3. 

Ring, Robert, an Error, 186. 

Robie, William, II, xxi. 

Robinfon, George, II, xxvii. 

Rogers, John, Witnefles againft 
Martha Carrier, 197; of Bil- 
lerica, iii, 118; killed by In- 
dians, ib, 

Rofs, Alexander, Hudibras on, ii, 

Ruck, John, Foreman of Jury, 161, 

i". 35> 72-3- 

RuiTell, James, 26, iii, 15. 

Rule, Margaret, Story of, ii, 21; 
feized by evil Angels, 26; fell 
into odd Fits, 28; ailaulted by 
eight cruel Spedlres, ib, ; bring 
her a red Book to fign, 29; her 
Tortures defcribcd, 30 ; fafts nine 
I^ays, 31 ; ftuck full of Pins, 32; 
Liquor poured down her Throat 
"as of fcalding Brimftone," 33; 
her Hurts foon cured, 34; taken 
up to the Ceiling and held there, 
35; her Minifter interferes, 38; 
gets the better of the Devil, 40; 
vifitcd by Mr. Calef, 49; his 
Report of her Cafe, 49-54; a 
Sweetheart in it, 51-2; Aves's 
Teftimony concerning, 68; oth- 
ers, 69-70. 

Rum, ufed in a Cafe of Witch- 
craft, ii, 51. 

O ABBATH, begins at Sunfet, Sa- 

^ turday, 223. 

Sadducees, unbelievers in Witch- 
craft, 32; Baxter on, ii, 45; 
Mifchievous, 46: Witlings, 60, 
61; Aiheifts, 108; Infidels, iii, 
162, 163. 

SafFord, Jofeph, Witnefs, 189, iii, 
105, 108-9. 

Salem Village, Church Difficulties, 
ii, 140-3. 

Saltonftall, Nathaniel, 26, ii, 109, 
iii, 30. 

Sanderfon, Robert, Deacon, iii, 

Sargent, Peter, 26. 

Satan.^Sce Devil. 

Sayer, Samuel, Apology of, iii, 135. 

Scotland, Witchcraft in, ii, 7, 197. 

Scott, Margaret, condemned to 
Death, iii, 44. 



Scott, Reginald, writes againfl 
Witchcraft, I, xxxix; Extradb 
from, xlv-vii; has taken great 
Pains, lix. 

Scottow, Jolhua, iii, 64. 

Scribonius, Note upon, i. 

Sergeant, Mr. [Peter,] iii, 31. 

Sewall, Samuel, 26, 209; fubfcribes 
to the Truth and Accuracy of 
Mather's Wonders, 211, iii, 59; 
Judge, II, xxiv, 157, iii, 15, 

» 3 1 ; Appointment of Judge, 125; 
Services, 1 26, 1 28 ; in Sorrow 
for the Part he took thofe ac- 
cufed of Witchcraft, 133; a Re- 
feree in Mr. Parris's Cafe, 221. 

Sewall, Stephen, Captain, iii, 209. 

Sharp, [James,] D. D., iii, 151. 

Shattock, Samuel, 168 ; fworc againd 
Mrs. Bifliop, iii, 76; Wife Sa- 
rah, alfo, ib,y 83-4 ; Remarks on 
his Evidence, 1 23. 

Sheldon, Sufanna, 200 ; fwears 
againfl Mr. Burroughs, iii, 66'j ; 
againfl Mrg. Biihop, 78; againfl 
Mrs. Carrier, 120 ; againfl Mary 
Clark, 196; Account of, 204. 

Shepard, John, iii, 53; Rev. Mr., 

Shcppard, Rebekah, iii, 11. 
Sherrin, John, iii. 105. 
Shcrringham, Robert, 150. 
Sherwin, Goodioife^ 191. 
Short, Mercy, ii, 27, 37, 51. 
Sibley, John L., I, viii; Mary, iii, 

3, 206. 
Sieves, ufed to conjure with, iii, 142. 
Sikes, Vidlory, Corporal, iii, 219. 
Simpkins, Thomas, II, xxv. 
Slavery, a Divine Inflitution, xvi; 

EfFe6l of its Denunciation, 12- 

Smith, James, II, xxiii. III, 203. 


Snow, falls as Wool, I, Ixxiii ; 

fomc red, Ixxiv. 
Soam, John, his Cart bewitched, 

Sobiefki, John, King, 91. 

Some Few Remarks, an Anfwcr to 
Calef, II, xxi. 

Sorceries, 122, 123; little ones, iii, 
142; how known, 165. 

Sow, one bewitched, iii, 109. 

Spc6laclcs invented, 66. 

Spe6lral Sight, Pretenders to, iii, 

Spedres, how allayed, 30, 31, 35, 
103-4; take the Name and Shape 
of Accufed, 106; call upon Peo- 
ple before Death, 109; pranks 
with an Iron Spindle, 205; fc- 
vere Scuffle with one, 206; 
" Eight Cruel ones " aiTault Mar- 
garet Rule, ii, 28 ; " Curfed 
ones '' bring a Book to fign, 29 ; 
Threats of, 34; they fleal a 
Will, ib,; heard to clap their 
Hands, 35 ; Caution about^ 44 ; 
one cruelly afTaults a Perfon, 
[Margaret Rule,] iii, 160. 

Spencer, Edmund, a Witch de- 
fcribed by, I, xlix. 

Spencer, Richard, Witoefs, 150. 

Spindle, Story of one, 205, iii, 160. 

Spirits, white ones, ii, 37; one 
appears to Margaret Rule, 39. 

Sprague, Martha, bewitched, iii, 

Stacy, William, 172, iii, 86-7, 76, 

Star, Margaret, II, xxv. 

Stephens, Lieutenant, iii, 53; Sif- 
ter of, 54. 

Stoughton, William, commends the 
Wonders^ Sec, 5-6 ; of unfpotted 
Fidelity, 26; declares Mather's 



Wonders true, 211; commiffions 
Judges, iii, 30 ; attefts to the 
Truth of Mather's Wonders^ 59 ; 
figns the Death Warrant of Mrs. 
Bifhop, 80; his Appointment, 
125 ; Services, 126. 

Stuart, one. Letter in Defence of 
Witchcraft, ii, 160-186; ano- 
ther, 198-207; on Blafphemy, 

Swan, Timothy/ afflifted, iii, 196. 

Swedcland, Witchcraft in, 108, 211.- 

Swinnerten, John, II, xxv. 

Sydney, Henry, Lord, iii, 149. 

Symons, Edward, 9. 

npALBOT, Lord, caufes the Re- 
'*' peal of Witchcraft Laws, iii, 

Tarbell, John, ii, 143, 159, iii, 199, 

211, 215. 
Taylor, Zachary, A. M., I, ix. 
Teats, on Witches, ii, 57. — See 


Thacher, Peter, I, xcvii. 
Thompfbn, Agnes, Confeffion of, 

I, xli-ii. 
Thornton, Thomas, teftifies to the 

Performances of Margaret Rule, 

ii, 69-70. 
Thyaneus, Appolonius, ii, 70. 
Tilloifon, Archbifhop, 56; aids Dr. 

Mather, iii, 149. 
Tiluba, practices Witchcraft, iii, '6; 

Note on her Examination, 22 ; 

Examination in full, 178-95; a 

South American Indian, 200. 
Tockinofh, John, ii, 23. 
Tompfon, Benjamin, I, xcv. 
Toothaker, Allin, 196; Family of, 

197; abufed by a Witch, iii, 

Torry, Samuel, ii, 151 ; William, 

Tranfubflantiation, as old as the 

Devil, ii, 200-1. 
Trafk, John, his Wife killed by 

Witchcraft, iii, 79. 
Trithemius, Fancies of, iii, 164. 
Tupper, Samuel, ii, 26; Thomas, 

Tyler, Hannah, Recantation of, 

iii, 57. 
Tyler, Jobe, Depofition concerning 

Witchcraft, iii, 52. 
Tyler, John, II, xxiv. 
Tyler, Mary, figns a Recantation, 

iii, 57, 197. 
Tyng, Eleazer, II, xxvii. 

USHER, Hczekiah, accufed, iii, 

T/'AN Helmont, Jean, Baptift, ii, 

Varnum, [Farnum,] Ralph, 195. 
Vibber. — See Bibber. 
Virgin Mary, Mother of God, ii, 

Vitzlipultili, an Indian Idol, 201. 

TX/'ADSWORTH, Benjamin, 
Letter to, ii, 134, 135; 

Timothy, xxi. 
Walcutt, John, Witnels, iii, 113. 
Walcutt, Jonathan, iii, 1 5 ; Mary, 

ii, 158, iii, 8, 26,62, 170, 195, 

Waldron, Abigail, iii, 79. 
Waldron, Nathaniel, iii, 79. 
Waldron, William, I, xcvii. 
Waller, Edmund, I, Ixxxi. 
Walley, John, i, 26, ii, 151. 
Walter, Nehemiah, ii, 108. 
Ward, Nathaniel, i, 13. 
Ward well, Samuel, condemned, iii, 

45 ; Scene at his Execution, 46, 

Index. ' 243 

57; his Wife executed, 125 ; he 
covenants with the Devil, 1 26. 

Warner, Daniel, teftifics in Favor of 
Mrs. How, iii, 107. 

Warren, Mercy, an Accufer, iii, 16, 
26, 62, 204. 

Watkins, Mary, had been a Serv- 
ant, iii, 128; fold into Slavery, 

Watts, Ifaac, 1, Ixvii, Ixxvi. 

Way, Aaron, ii, 143 ; William, ib. 

Webber, Samuel, fwears in Mr. 
Burroughs's Cafe, ii, 9, iii, 63. 

Webller, Noah, Definition of 
Witchcraft, I, xiv. 

Welch, Edward, a Searcher for 
Witchteats, iii, 39. 

Wendell, Edward, II, xxvii. 

Wentworth, Samuel, II, xxiv. 

Weft, Abigail, II, xxv. 

Weft, Thomas, Searcher for Witch- 
teats, iii, 39. 

Wheeler, Thomas, II, xxiii. 

Whetford, , 208. 

Whifton, William, I, Ixxvi. 

Whittier, J. G., on C. Mather, ii, 
61, 160, iii, 163, 167, 174. 

Wigglefworth, M., his Day of 
Doom, ii, 4. 

Wild, John, iii, 16; his Wife Sa- 
rah, ib, i executed, iii, 33. 

Wild, , Captain, i, 137. 

Wilds, Ephraim, Conftable, iii, 105. 

Wilkins, John, on Margaret Rule, 
ii, 69. 

Wilkins, Richard, ii, 55, 56. 

Wilkins, Thomas, ii, 143, iii, 216. 

Willard, John, executed, iii, 38, 
39 ; Efcape and Capture, 40. 

Willard, Samuel, Letter to, ii, 102, 
151 ; cried out of, iii, 37; ap- 
peal to by Proder, 40; his 
Agency in the Efcapo of Mr. 
Englifh, 177-8. 

Willard, Simon, teftifics in Mr. 
Burroughs's Cafe, iii, 64. 

William and Mary, I, Ixxxiv, 25; 
Death of Mary, iii, 131. 

Williams, Abigail, ii, 156, 158, 
iii, 7, 8, 9; at the Devil's Sa- 
crament, 1 3 ; cries out on Capt. 
Alden, 26; of Mrs. Bilhop, 75; 
Mr. Cory, 170, 179; Account 
of, 204 ; one of the Originators 
of the Witchcraft Delufion, 209. 

Williams, Daniel, on Margaret 
Rule, ii, 69. 

Williams, Ni.thaniel, a Committee 
on Salem Affairs, ii, 151. 

Williams, Thomas, oppofes Mr. 
Tarris, iii, 212. 

Wilfon, John, of Bofton, 7. 

Wilfon, Sarah, accufed, iii, 57. 

Winchell, David, Sergcnt, iii, 219. 

Winfor, Hannah, iii, 26. 

Winthrop, Adam, Counfellor, 

Winthrop, Wait, 26, ii, 157, iii, 
30; Judge, 125, 221. 

Witchcraft, Caufc of its Decline, 
I, iv ; Works upon, v-x ; Defini- 
tions of, xi-xvi; taught in the 
Bible, xvi; how People's Eyes 
were opened, xvii ; how carried 
on, xxii; Pradiced through Im- 
ages or Pidures, ib. ; Laws re- 
fpcding, ^xiv-v ; the Bible upon, 
xvi, xxvii ; Ideas refpcdling, 
xxviii ; oppofed only by Infidels, 
xxix ; Origin of, xxxi; the Quef- 
tion which ftayed its Progrefs, 
xxxii; Works upon, xxxiv-viii; 
Law againft, xxxix, xliii; not 
Spiritualifm, Ix; at the prefent 
Day, Ixxv ; came near blowing 
up all the Churches, 17 ; Storms 
of, 20 ; thorny Bufmefs, 29 ; 
will not be fhammed, 34; dif- 




pofed ofy 42; in Lapland, 68-9; 
flouridies where are no Churches, 
1 30-1; to worfhip the Devil, 
243 ; a Rclidl of Heathen Learn- 
ing, ii, 1 1 ; a principal ecclefiaf- 
tJcal Engine, 1 2 ; farther defined, 
^6- J ; how Profecutions were 
eventually checked, iio-ii; fen- 
fible and evident, 105; Laws 
made againft, iii, ^124; repealed 
in England, 125; a Hobgoblin 
Monfter, 137! 

Witchteals, for the Devil to fuck, 
ii, 57, 100; a horrid Barbarity 
to fearch for, 132; Excrefcences, 
iii, 124. 

Witches, how made, I, xv ; Nature 
of their Covenant with the Devil, 
xxiii ; the Devil a Slave to, xix ; 
exift by God's Pcrmiflion, xx; 
how to dete6l, xxiii; vaft Num- 
bers executed, xv, xxvii; Punifli- 
ment impoflible,, xxxi ; good 
Witches, xxxvii; one defcribed 
by Spencer, xlix; different Kinds, 
1, Iii ; how they contract with 
the Devil, liv-v; Manner of 
living, Ivi-viii; the Devil has 
made a dreadful Knot of, 18; 
prodigious Meetings of, 19 ; com- 
miffion the Devil, 29 ; Way of 
difcovering, 37 ; Confeffions and 
Pradlices, 103; fairly executed, 
107 ; Executions of, in Suf- 
folk and Effex, 112; thorny Bu- 
iinefs, 114; firey Serpents, 1 24 ; 
in Denmark, 148 ; Witches im- 
peach Witches, 157; Symptoms 

of Guilt, 162; Conduct after 
the Manner of Congregational 
Churches, 202-3 ; by applying 
the Plaftic Spirit^ render them- 
felves and Tools invifible, 204; 
Caufe of Suicides, 207; nine- 
teen executed, 217; can't fay 
the Lord's Prayer, 232; their 
Power to commiffion Devils 
Queftioned, ii, 7 ; Scriptures do 
not defcribe it, /^., 8 ; commif- 
fion Devils ? j6 ; drive a Trade 
of commiflioning, 80-1 ; let fly 
Demons, 8 1 ) turn into Cats, 
Dogs, and Cattle, 127; a Witch 
not known to Reafon, 138; can 
commiflion Devils, 139 ; of Lan- 
cafliire, reference to, iii, 69; 
ftcal Liquor, 1 10 ; fome goe on 
a Pole to a Witch-meeting, 1 20. 

Witch-Circles, held by young 
Girls, iii, 208; Origin of the 
Salem Troubles, /^., 209-10. 

Witch-Hill, where the Execution 
of thofe accufed of Witchcraft 
were executed, iii, 45. 

Wizard, a Witch, I, xii, xxxviii ; 
reveals the Witch by the Devil's 
Help, 40 ; the Soul that goeth a 
whoring after, ii, 154. 

Wood, Martha, Witnefs, 192, iii, 

Woodbury, Abigail, iii, 79. 

Woodward, John, I, Ixxvi. 

Woodward, W. E., I, viii, x-xvi. 

Wolcott. — Sec Walcutt. 

Wool, Pall of, as Snow, I, Ixxiii. 

Wyllys, Edward, II, xii. 



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