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Full text of "Women Composers"

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OTTO KBKT. 
AUTHOR OF: "HERMAN'S 
HANDBOOK OF MUSIC"; 
"The METRONOME AND 
ITS USE.' 1 



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VTb&t Has Woman Accomplished in Music 7 



This question, frequently asked in a pessimistic way, 
the following pages will attempt to answer. 

"Woman has accomplished comparatively more in the 
field of music than is generally known, though nature, 
so far s lias not produced a woman composer whose compo- 
sitions will compare with the works of the great masters. 
But let us ask, how many of the numerous composers of 
the sterner sex have proven themselves real Titans of 
music ? Few indeed, these come only in a cycle of years. 

Why then have women been less numerous in a field 
where one would think their natural inclinations would 
lead them ? 

The principal reason, I believe, has been the fact that 
women have only recently entered seriously this field of 
art, while man has for centuries developed his intellect 
and emotion in such a direction. 

We must consider, that scarcely fifty years ago, 
music, with very few exceptions, was never seriously at- 
tempted as a study by women ; not from any disinclina- 
tion for or want of capacity to understand the science, 
but because the subjects of harmony and counterpoint, 
bad. hitherto been considered outside the province of 
women's education, and the acquirement of such knowl- 
edge, other than as a pastime, would have been regarded 
as a mental aberration. 

It is only within the last 10 15 years that the preju- 
dice which excluded women from studying the violin, 
cello and other stringed and wind instruments has been 
overcome. Previous to 1876 no female students of the 
violin were admitted at the High School, I^ondon. 

For a long time women were not permitted to com- 
pete for prizes or receive diplomas at Kuropean Conser- 
vatories and Colleges. When Elizabeth Sterling pace- 
in. 



seated her beautiful CXXX Psalm for five voices and 

orchestra to Oxford for the degree of Mus. Bac., the de- 
gree, although the work was accepted, and its merit 
acknowledged, could not be given for want of power to 
fvuftr the stime itpon a woman. 

Is it then to be wondered at that women's work in 
music has shown comparatively small results ? If practice 
not only improves, but increases capacity, and opportu- 
nity makes while it also develops the musician, what 
opportunities have woman had of becoming musicians 
from the time of Palestrina to the middle of the igih 
century ? 

They were taught music as a pastime, and then only 
in its most primitive form, their musical studies seldom 
advancing beyond playing the lute and kindred instru- 
ments. They had no incentives to composition, the 
church even discouraging women , throughout mediaeval 
times, and by actual prohibition in the i6th. century, to 
take any active musical part in its service. 

Not many years have passed , when to be told that a 
composition was the work of a woman , was equivalent to 
its condemnation beforehand. 

The scarcity of women's work in music in the past is 
therefor not owing to their inability to grasp and apply 
the science, but it may rather be attributed to prejudice 
and the rules of fashion and custom, which so long de- 
terred her from entering this field of useful and profit- 
able work and study. 

That such prejudice against women's work must have 
temled to depress and discourage, is certain, and is best 
shown by the fact of many women composers concealing 
their identity under male noms-de-plume on the title 
pages of their compositions. 

Augusta Holmes published works as "Herman 
Zenta "*, Mme. de Grandval used several (Clement Val- 
grand, etc}, lime. La Hye signed as " Leon St. Amans ", 
IV. 



Mrs. John Macfarren as kk Jules Brissac ", Mrs. Roeckel 

as " Jules de SIvrai ", and so forth. 

Others again published their names on their works 
with only the Initials of their Christian names prefixed,, 
like Farrenc, Chaminade (in her earlier works . Lebeau, 
Ethel 31. Smyth (Mass in D; and man y others, even to 
the present day. 

It must therefor be considered a great point gained, 
that it is no longer looked upon as an eccentricity for 
women to compose. The advance of their work in music 
is becoming more and more creditable from year to year. 
To-day, where opportunity is offered in all fields, they 
are demonstrating their ability in many directions, in 
music particularly. 

And why not? They are eminently fitted physically 
and intellectually to follow music both as a study and an 
accomplishment. The emotional element is very strong 
In women stronger perhaps than in men, and this force 
is a desideratum when considered in its relation to music* 

If, therefor, we are to admit the well -accepted scien- 
tific laws of evolution, it is likely that the new century 
may produce as great musical composers among women 
as it has in the past among men. 



In compiling this work I have tried to make the 
same as complete as possible, hence names have been, 
included, which may seem to have but slight claim to 
recognition, but In order to make the work as representa- 
tive as possible, no composer, however slight her claim to 
fame may have been, has been overlooked. Omissions, 
no doubt, will be found, but these have been uninten- 
tional, and the author will gratefully acknowledge all 
corrections and information. 

In order to give a complete outline of Woman's 
Work in Music, writers and works of musical literature 
have been included. 

V. 



As an illustration of woman's work in music, the 
following statistics 11133- be of interest : 

Composers of Symphonies and other Important 
Orchestral Works. 

Andree, Backer - Givndahl, Beach, Cnaml>erlayne, 

Claaminade, Davies, Farrene, Grandval, Greene, 
Holmes, Haendel de Cronentnal, Hundt, Horrocks, 
Korn, Lang, Lebeau, llarie of Saxe-Gotha, Marshall, 
Martinez, Maury, Mayer, Moody, Prescott, A. M. 
Smith, Stollwerk, Swepstone, Tyrell, \Vurm. 

OPERAS. 

Agnesi, Asperi, Beanmesnil, Bertin, Caccini, Ca- 
sella, Correr, Ferrari, Folville, Gail, Goetze, Grand- 
val, Guenin, Guerre, Henn, Haendel de Cronenthal, 
Heritte-Viardot, Holmes, Laguerre, Loder, Maistre, 

Morison, Paradise, Perriere-Pilte, Seneke, Skinners, 
Smyth. Sourget, Uccelli, Walter. 

OPERETTAS. 

Amalia of Saxony, Bottini, Bronsart; Candeille, 
Carmichael, Caroline, Dell ^ Aqua, Gabriel, Gallon!, 

Gray, Gretry, Harraden, Harrison, Jacques, Kinkel, 
X*a Hye, L,onis, Marshall, Morgan, Muller-Gallenhofer, 
Munktel, Puget, Sainte Croix, Simon-Candeille, Tem- 
ple, Viardot-Garcia, \Vuiet, Young. 

MASSES, REQUIEMS, ETC. 

Beach, Bottini, Bruckenthal, Callegari, Carmichael, 
Derheimerj Grandval, Guerre, Henn } La Hye, Leon- 
ardo, Maistre, Martinez, Neuville, Nnnn, Pessiak, 
Smyth, White. 

ORATORIOS. 

Bartholomew, Boyce, Carissan 5 Ellicott, Grandval, 
Linwood. ilartines, Mundella. 
VI. 



CHAMBER MUSIC. 

Andree, Benfey, Blahetka, Bright, Candeiile, 
Chamberlayne, Chaniinade, Ellicott, Farrenc, Grand- 

val, Haenel, Hendricli Merta, Hensel, Heritte-Viardot, 

HorrockSj Hood, Japha, Kanzler, Kern, Krallk, Lang t 
Lebeau, Liebmann, Loder, Mayer, Moody, 3Ineller- 
Gallenhofer, Orger, Paradies, Prescott, Rogers, San- 
ders, Santa Colotna, Schumann, Slnnen, Sourget^ 
Swepstone, Taite, Van Buren. 

CANTATAS, AND OTHER LARGE CHORAL WORKS. 
Amersford-Dyck, Anna Amalia, Andree, Barker, 

Bartholomew, Beach, Becker, Bottinij Bruckenthal, 
Cozzolani, Delaval, Ellicott, Ferrari, Gabriel, Grand- 
val, Guerre, Guest, Harraden, Hartland, Heale, 
Heritte-Viardot, Holland, Holmes, Horrocks, Lago, 
Lebeau, Mariani, Marshall, Mayer, Meyer, Paradise, 
Patterson, Plitt, Prescott, Robert-Mazel, Saint-Didier, 
Sain ton Dolb\% A. M. Smith, Stirling, Swepstone, 
Taylor, Vigny, Zimmermann. 

VIOLIM AND PIASiO. 

Beach, Blahetka, Bright, Bronsart, Bruckenthal, 
Candeille, Careno, Charnberlayne, Charninaile, Cian- 
chettini, Clement, Davies, Ellicott, Erdmansdorfer, 
Farrenc, Folville, Grandval, Gyde, Harraden, Heale, 
Holmberg, Hood, Hundt, Horrocks, Kalkhof, Klet- 
zinsky, Lawrence, Lebeau, Lebrun, Liebmann, Loder, 
Macironi, Maier, Mayer, Molique, Xeuville, O'Key, 
Oliver, Parke, Pittman, Rogers, Sanders, Sinnen, 
Swepstone, Taylor, Troup, Valentine, Worm, Zim- 
mermann. 

CELLO AMD PIANO. 

Blahetka, Bronsart, Bruckenthal, Chaminade, 
Creti, Danziger, Helnke, Haenel, Horrocks, Lleb- 
VII. 



maun, Mayer,, Orger, Rogers, Seipt, Swepstone, 
"White, Wurrn, Zim merman n. 

FLUTE AND PIANO. 
Blahetka, Bright, Farenc, Creti, Grandval. 

CLARINETTE AMD PJA1Q. 
Kralimer, Marshall, A. M. Smith. 

HOR9I AMD PIANO. 
Cliazal, La Hye. 

CONCERTOS, ETC., WITH ORCHESTRAL ACCOMP. 

Backer-Grondahl. Beach, Blaietka, Borton, Bot- 
tini. Bright, Bronsart Cliaminade, Cianchettini, Jael- 
Trautmann, Kauth, La Roche, Lebeau, Lechambre, 
Martinez, Orger ? Parke, Prescott, Schaden, Wurrn. 



Tin. 



Jiarup (Gala). Contemporary Swedish composer, resid- 
ing in America. Writer of the songs: Life, In ex- 
planation. To "be alone, At dawn, Tlie summer wind, 
etc. Also various piano compositions. 

Abrams (Harriet). English composer and vocalist. 
Bom 1760; died about 1825. Pupil of the celebrated 
Dr. Arne. Her works consist of a collection of 
''Scotch Airs, harmonized for three voices '% pub- 
lished 1790, and a u Collection of Songs ", which 
were issued 1787. A number of glees and songs were 
also published about this time. 

Abbott (Jane Bingham). Composer of the songs: Just 
for to-day, My soul what hast thou done, etc. 

Adams (Mrs. Crosby). American contemporary com- 
poser of piano music (Five tone sketches. Barcarolle, 
Tone picture, etc. j. 

Adelung (Olga). German composer and zither player. 
Published a number of compositions for this instru- 
ment. 

Agnes! (Maria Teresa). Italian composer. Born at 
Milan, 1724, where she died about 1780. An excel- 
lent pianist and dramatic composer. Her operas, 
"Snfontebe", "Insubria comolata*\ " Giro in Arme- 
m'<?" and tl ^fitocri" t met with, decided success in 
various Italian cities. Agnesi is also the author of a 
number of cantatas and choral works, several con- 
certos and sonatas for piano. 
I 



Afaiefeldt (Countess of). German composer. Born 
about the middle of the iSth century. An excellent 
pianist. Of her various compositions the grand 
ballet, ** TelemacJi und G f alypso'\ was printed 1794 

at Leipzig. 
Aleottf (Vittoria). Bom at Argenta, Italy, about 1560. 

Her father was Giovanni Batist Aleotti, the cele- 
brated architect. Her compositions consist of a 
number of madrigals and sacred works, of which a 

collection, comprising 21 of her best compositions, 
were published by her father at Venice, 1593. The 

title of this collection is li Ghirlanda dei madrigali a 
4 voci." 

Alexandra Josephowna (Grandduchess of Russia). 
Author of " Psalms for Soli, mixed chorus and orches- 
tra'* (performed at St. Petersburg, 1886), and other 
church music. Also a number of piano compositions 
for 4 hands (Bolers ; Defile March, etc.). 

Alexandrowa (A ?). Russian vocalist. Bom at St. 

Petersburg, 1835. Eminent opera and concert singer, 
and an excellent pianist and composer of a number of 
songs of merit. 

Allen (Alice Maud). Author of "Germany's famous 
composers." 

AHItsen (Frances). Contemporary English composer. 
Has written incidental music to "F Inter ieur," and 
numerous songs } the best known are: Be my star, 
Before we part, Bygones, Lord is my light, Calvary, 
Love is a bubble, Warning, Apart for evermore, 
Diamonds hast thou. Also a set of u 8 Songs, from 
poems of Heine," which are highly recommended. 

Am af la Anna ^ Duchess of Saxe Weimar) . Born at Bruns- 
wick, Oct. 24, 1739; ^^ April 10, 1807. Her teachers 
in music were the conductors of the ducal chapel at 
Weimar. She composed incidental music to Goethe's 
melodrama of " Erwui and EltniraJ* a notice of which 



is found In the journal ^Teutscherllerkur** of Hay, 
1776. 

Amaffe (Marie Friederike, Princess of Saxony, sister of 
King John of Saxony). Bom at Dresden, Aug. 10, 
1794; died there Sept. 18, 1870. Author of 14 operas, 
of which, the following may be mentioned : * * 1! fglio 
pcrduto," se II jMarc7t8irw," li La ttisa di sabitata," 
t Una donna," " Le t?e centuri," ** Die SiegisfaJtne 
* f Der Rtnonemcftitm." Besides her dramatic com- 
positions she "wrote a Stabat Jftifer, and other church 
music. 

Am a nn (Josephine). German composer. Has published* 
a number of piano compositions (Impromtu opus 20, 
etc.). 

Ames (Mrs. Henry). English composer. Author of a 
number of pleasing arias and part songs (Good-bye to 
Winter, When the rosy morn, etc.). 

Amersfoodt-Dyk (Hermine). German composer. Is the 
author of the cantata *' Grottes Allgegenicart" for soli, 
chorus and orchestra, published by F. Hofmelsterj 
Leipzig. 

Anna Amalie (Princess of Prussia, sister of Frederic the 
Great). Born Nov. 9, 1723; died at Berlin, March 30, 
1787. Was, like her brother > a talented musician. 
She wrote the cantata " Der Tod Jesu. " Of her com- 
positions Kahnt (Leipzig) publishes in his organ col- 
lection the " Cecilia," a trio for the organ. Her very 
valuable collection of music and manuscripts she pre- 
sented to the Joachlmthal gymnasium at Berlin. Her 
teacher was Kimbergerj the eminent theorist 

Arsdersen-Boker (Orleana). Born at New York, 1831. 
Received a thorough musical education her teacher 
being the late Professor H. Timm. She arranged 
in excellent style for two pianos eight hands, the 
first Symphony of Mendelssohn, Spohr's "Double 



Symphony, M and the same author's " Historical Sym- 
phony." Spohr has spoken very highly of these 

arrangements . 

An dree (Elfrida). Talented Swedish composer. Born at 
"Wisby, 1841. Cathedral organist at Gothenburg. 
Wrote the cantata " Snufried" for soli, chorus and 
orchestra; a quintet for piano, two violins, viola and 
cello, besides various other works for orchestra, 
organ, voice, etc., all of which show decided talent. 
An organ symphony is published in Augener & Co. 's 
Ceciliaa Collection, book 43. At the International 
3iusical Competition, held a few years ago at Brus- 
sels, she was awarded the first prize over 77 competi- 
tors. She also gained prizes for a string quintet, and 
for a composition for organ and military band. 

Andrews (Mrs. John Holman, nee Jenny Constant). 
English composer. Born 1817; died at London, 
April 29, 1878. Published a set of "Two-part vocal 
exercises, '* also a number of songs, among which 
may be mentioned : A legend of the Avon, Adieu 
etc. ; also a number of piano pieces (Nocturne, etc. ). 

Andrus (Helen Josephine). American composer and 
organist. Native and resident of Poughkeepsie, N. 
Y. Pupil of Dr. F. I<. Hitter, and graduate of Vassar 
College School of Music, where she was awarded the 
degree of J/u*. Bai. Her compositions consist of a 
cantata with organ and string accompaniment, several 
organ compositions, various piano pieces, several 
anthems and other church music, duets and songs. 

Appiani (Eugenia.. Italian composer of piano music, of 
-which Ricordi publishes the following : Ballatta nell 
Rigoleto 3 Fantasie Profeta, Fantasie Rigoletta, Melo- 
dia di Bellini, II Lamento della Mendicante, Scherzo, 
etc. 

Arago (Mme. Victoria). French composer, who lived 
during the reign of King Louis Phillipe. Her cMn- 



SHU*, "being of the same character as tliose by Clapis- 
son, Masial, Henrion, etc., were In great favor with 
the public. For a number of years Meissonier of 

Paris published annually an * 4 Album de Romances." 

Arkwrigt (3Irs. Robert). English, song writer, sister of 
Felicia Heraans, the poetess. She is the composer of 
a number of songs which were quite popular In their 
clay. Among these there are: The sailor's grave, 
Repentance, Treasures of the deep, The messenger 
"birds, etc. She died 1849. 

Armstrong (Annie). English composer of songs, of 
which may be mentioned: The weaver's daughter. 
Just a song, True hearts, etc. Published also t Little 
Lays for Little Lassttt." 

Arnlm (Bettina von). Gentian writer. Bom at Frank- 
fort o. M., April 4, 1785; died at Berlin, Jan. 20, 1859. 
Sister of the poet Clemens Brentano. Published a 
number of songs, besides various writings on music, 

Asbury (Alice). American writer. Itorn at Quincy, 111., 
1848. Published an excellent translation of H. Men- 
del's biography of Meyerbeer. 

Hsperl (Ursula). Italian composer. Born at Rome, 1807. 
Received a thorough musical education, her teacher 
being Fioravanti. Of her various compositions the 
most important are her operas, of -which si Le Aien~ 
ture di unn Giornata" (first performance 1827), and. 
" I ' Pirata ' * (1843), were the most successful. During 
the season of 1859 she conducted successfully the 
orchestra at one of the minor theatres at Florence, 
showing great skill and aptitude for the position. 

Ussandra (Catterina). Italian composer. Bom about 
1580. Wrote a number of compositions , of which a 
" Veni sancte Sglritus'* for t\vo voices, is highly 
spoken of. 

Atherton (Grace). Composer of songs. 

5 



Aubigney von Engelbronncr (Nina d'). German writer. 
Bom at Cassel, 1777 ; died at Bombay, India. The 
youngest of two sisters -who were talented writers of 

English, German and Italian songs. Author of an 

excellent little work on singing : 1 4 Letters to Natalie. ' * 

Dudley (Madame E.)- French writer, and author of 

" I^ouis van Beethoven, his life and works, with num- 
erous documents", (Paris, 1867), and "Franz Schu- 
bert, his life and works, (Paris, 1871)." Published 
during 1869 a series of articles on * * Bellini ". 

Augusta (Marie Louise). The late Empress of Germany 
showed considerable musical talent, her teachers 
being Hummel (piano) and H. Schmidt (theory). 
Among her compositions may be mentioned an Over- 
ture, the music to the ballet t4 Dk Masker adt ", also 
a number of songs, and various marches, one of 
which has been adopted as Army March No. 102. 

Ay Jin (Valborg). Danish composer. Has written a num- 
ber of vocal compositions, among them three cho- 
ruses, which gained first prizes at a musical contest 
at Copenhagen. 

An rcn hammer 0osef a) , Austrian composer and pianist. 
Born at Vienna, 1776, where she died 1841. Talented 
pianist, pupil of Mozart and Kotzeluch, and famous 
for her extemporising. For many years she gave 
annual concerts at Vienna, which were always well 
patronized. Mozart spoke highly of her technique. 
Her compositions consist of about 60 works of differ- 
ent character. 

Auspitz-SCoIar (Auguste). Bohemian composer. Born 
at Prague s 1843, and died at Vienna, Aug. 23, 1878. 
She was an excellent pianist, pupil of the celebrated 
Smetana, and of Proksch and Madame Claus-Szarvady 
at Paris. Her compositions consist of a number of 
piano pieces and songs. 

6 



Jlus der Ohe (Adele). German contemporary pianist and 
composer, pupil of Liszt and Kullak. Published 
various vocal and instrumental compositions, among 
which ma}- be named: Suites for Piano, an "Etude 
de Concert", and the songs: Thistle down, After 
sorrow's night, I begged a kiss, etc. 

Austen (Augusta Amberst;. English composer and or- 
ganist. Born at London, Aug. 2 S 1827 ; died at Glas- 
gow, Aug. 5, 1877. Pupil of the Royal Academy of 
Music. Author of a number of songs, hymn-tunes, 
etc. 

Jtylward (Florence j. English contemporary song writer. 
Of her vocal compositions the following are best 
known: Sweetheart's still, I wander alone, \Vitchery, 
My white roe, Day dawn, Mavouraeen. 

Bach (Constance). Contemporary English writer and 
composer. Bom at Edgbaston, Birmingham. Trans- 
lator of numerous works (Liszt's Letters, Billow's 
Letters, various opera librettos, etc.); also composer 
of several songs. 

Each ma nn (Elise). German composer. Bom at Zanm- 
burg, May 23, 1838. Studied with Prof. J. Lobe, the 
celebrated theorist, and received a thorough musical 
education. Published a considerable number of piano 
compositions of a light order, a melodrama "Die 
Jlncht der Mmik ", and a number of songs. 

Bach man n (Judith). German composer and pianist, who 
flourished about 1790 at Vienna. Artaria published 
1796 a ** Sonata in D, pour le Clavecin "; also a num- 
ber of Fugnes for the organ. The " Wiener Jahr- 
biicher der Tonkunst " speak of her as an exception- 
ally fine player. 
Baer (Louisa). German composer of songs (op. 4, 8, etc., 

published at Leipzig^. 

Bagltoncella (Francescaj. Italian composer. Born at 
Perugia during the XVI. century. Author of a num- 

7 



ber of pretty madrigals and songs that were popular 
in their time. 
Backer-Grondah! (Afeathe). Norwegian composer. Bom 

at Holmestrand, Dec. i, 1847. Her first teacher was 
a Miss With of Christian ia, with whom she studied 
for two years, continuing with Otto Winter Hjelm, 
and in 1860 with. Halfdan Kjenilf (piano) and L. ]VI. 
Lindeman (theory). 

In 1863 she studied with Kullak and Wuerst. 
During 1875 three months were spent with H. von 
Billow, finishing her studies with Liszt at Weimar. 
In 1875 married O. A. Grondahl, her former singing 
teacher, taking up her residence at Christiania, where 
she is considered to be one of the most influential 
musical authorities. 

She is an honorary member of the Svendsen Quar- 
tet Society, of the Choral Institution for Sacred 
31uslc, member of the Royal Swedish Academy, and 
recipient of the Ro3*al Swedish gold medal, "Pro 
Littru et Artibus " 

Her works, although not numerous, are of sterling 
merit. Special mention must be made of a beautiful 
S'titt\ op. 20, which is of striking originality, the 
Gavotte, Minuetto and Finale skillfully written and 
delightfully fresh. 

Another meritorious work is her Andaitte for piano 
and orchestra, and a Srfttrso for orchestra, which, is 
frequently to be found on concert programs. 

Of her other works may be mentioned a set of 
C{ Etudes de Concert", op. n, that are very pretty ; 
Four "Skizzen ", op. 19 ; Trois 31orceaux, op. 15 (of 
which the 4 * Humoresque " is a fine concert study); 
Allegro, Alhumblatt and Impromtu, op. 35 ; Fanta- 
siestacke, op, 56 ; 3 Htudes Hongroise, op. 38 ; Hum- 
oresque in G minor (favorite of Roger-Miclos), etc. 

Her songs are reviewed by eminent critics as being 
S 



"of charming originality and full of poetic feeling/' 
The piano accompaniments to all have a distinct in- 
dividuality, and require a skillful* player. 

A number of her songs are published in album 
form. 

Ball -' Mrs. Ida TV.) American composer. Born in Dallas 
Co., Ala., iS5i, and educated at Judson Female Insti- 
tute, Marion, Ala. An excellent pianist, and author 
of a number of vocal and instrumental compositions. 

Badarczewska (Thekla;. Polish composer. Born at 
"Warsaw, 1838, where she died 1862. Author of a 
number of light melodious piano pieces, several, like 
''Maiden's Prayer", attaining a remarkable large 
sale. 

Bajon freal name Louis). Polish writer of the XVIII. 
century. Published a number of vocal and instru- 
mental compositions. 

Barlona fMadelka S.j. German composer, who lived 
during the XVI. century. The Royal Library at 
Munich contains of her works the collection : *' S*p- 
tri/i P&tlmi pitftitie/tfiitlts 5 rfn'i:jfi"\ which was en- 
graved and published at Altdorf, 1586. 

Barker (Laura Wilson). English contemporary composer 
of songs, of which the following deserve mention : 
To daffodils, Home of my youth. The miller's daugh- 
ter, etc. 

Of her more important works may be mentioned a 
Sonata for violin and piano f iS6oj; music to u As tji*u 
Ul'r it '* f iSSo), and the cantata " Enunc '\ 

In colaboration with her husband Tom Taylor, she 
has published ** Btil'atls and Bungs of Brittany*' 
( London, 1865). 

Barnard (Mrs. Charles). English song writer. Bom 
1834 ; died at Dover, Jan. 30, 1869. 

This lad}-, best known by her adopted author's 
name of '' Clarifa!", was the writer of numerous 

9 



pleasing ballads, many of which attained an extra- 
ordinary popularity, songs like "\\Ved better bide a 
wee", and "Come back to Erin" being known all 
over the world. 

Although laying no claim to be considered works 
of art, ClaribeFs songs by their pretty melodies and 
their illustrations of homely events deservedly met 
popular favor. 

Barnes (Bertha L.). Composer of piano music (op. 2 
Traumereij op. 3 The Arago, op. 4 Pensee Fugitive, 
op. 5 Tyrolienne, etc.). 

Barnett '(Emma). English contemporary pianist" and 
composer. Born in London. Made her debut at the 
Crystal Palace Saturday concerts, Feb. 28, 1874, play- 
ing Beethoven's piano concerto in G. Her own com- 
positions are chiefly for the pianoforte, but include a 
few songs. 

Baroni-Cavafcabo (Julie von). Polish composer. Born 
at Lemberg, Oct. 16, 1813 ; died at Graz, Styria, July 
3, 1887. She was a brilliant pianist, her teacher 
being a son of the great Wolfgang Mozart, \V. A. 
Mozart^ Jr., a very able musician and teacher. 

Schumann had a very high opinion of Baroni-Caval- 
cabo's musical attainments, and dedicated to her his 
" Humoreafa ' 7 op. 20. Several of her works he re- 
viewed very favorably in " MHXIG and Musicians ". 
Of her "Second Caprice" op. 12, he speaks as 
"being full of life, vivacity, fresh and rhythmical 
throughout, and with delicate workmanship". 

Her fantasie "Adieu et le Retour" op. 25, Schu- 
mann reviews as being a work in which the two 
movements are " highly original, characteristic, and 
scarcely offering a weak point for attack ". 

Her compositions consist of the following piano 
works : 

Opus I . Caprice in F minor ; op. 3, Sonata in B ; 



op. 4 Fantasie in G minor ; op. 5 Introduction and 
Rondeau ; op. S Allegro di Bravura ; op. 12 Second 
Caprice ; op. 18 Third Caprice ; op. 19 Fantasie in 
G ; op. 25 Adieu et le Retour ; op. 26 An bord dn 
Lac (very charming '1 ; op. 27 Nocturne ; etc. 

Her vocal compositions are as follows : Op. 6 
Grabesrose; op. 9 Lebe wchl; op. n Der Unge- 
nannten ; op. 13 Reiterlied ; op. 17 Es segelt auf 
Sllberwogen ; op. 20 Abschied ; op. 22 Warum ; etc. 

Schumann speaks of these as being 4t Almost the 

best that have lately appeared in the imperial city 

(Vienna } , though others may be more popular there ' ' . 

Bartalotti (Signora). Italian composer. Published 1764. 

the ballet music to the opera " Dario "". 
Bartholomew (Ann Sheppard, nee Monnsey). English- 
composer, organist and pianist. Bom at London,. 
April 17, 1811; died in London, June 24, 1891. Pupil 
of Logier, under whose tuition she made such rapid 
progress, that Spohr in his autobiographic makes 
mention of her remarkable precocity (1820). 

During 1843 she gave a series of classical sacred 
concerts at London, for one of which Mendelssohn 
wrote his celebrated " Hear my Prayer *'. 

In 1855 she composed the oratorio of *' tte Nativ- 
ity ", which was successfully performed in the same 
year under the direction of Mr. Hullah at St. Mar- 
tin's Hall, London. 

Other works are : Sacred cantata, " Supplication 
and Thanksgiving ", dedicated to H.R.H. the Princess 
of Wales (1864); " J7s Young Vocalist", arranged 
from classical authors (1867); "Hymn* of Prayer ajid 
Praise""; "Holy TfiougJits", arranged as juvenile 
sacred songs (1875 ) ; s * 34 Original Tunes and Hymns ' * 
(1883); etc. 

Also a number of well written part songs, among 
which may be mentioned six four- part songs, op, 37. 



Of tier numerous songs space permits only the 
mentioning of : When da} T has fled, The bridesmaid, 
The warrior's love, The wedding day, Lady mine, 

Questions, etc. A setting of six songs, by Shakes- 
peare, Poe, etc., was published at London, 1882. 
Barth (Elisej. Bohemian composer and talented pianist. 
Born at Prague about 1800, where she received an 

excellent musical education from the celebrated 
Dyonys Weber, Published a number of piano com- 
positions. 

Bate (Mrs. J. D.). English musician. Compiler of "The 
North India Tune Book, containing Bhajans and 
Ghazals, with native tunes", London, 1886. 

Batta (Clementine]. German composer. A "Melodie 
Religeuse" for voice, piano, cello and organ is pub- 
lished at Mayence. 

Baudissin (Sofie, Countess of). German composer, re- 
siding at Dresden. An excellent pianist, pupil of 
Pixis and Henselt. 

Of her various compositions the following are 
printed: u Variations", for two pianos four hands; 
a set of songs with cello obligate, numbered opus 4, 
5 and 6 ; three etudes for piano (A, C and G) ; valse 
brillante ; six songs without words ; three nocturnes ; 
characteristic pieces, opus 1 1 ; etc. 

Bauer (Catharinaj. German composer. Bom 1785 at 
Wurzburg. Published twelve Variations pour le 
Clavecin Offenbach, 1798; op. 2 twelve Variations 
os kt Lieschen nur wollte "; op. 3 twelve Variations ; 
etc, 

Bayer (Charlotte). German composer. Compositions 
consist of : Op. 4 six morceaux ; op. 5 three songs; 
op. 6 three songs ; op. 7 three songs ; op. 15 six 
songs; op. 16 six children's songs; op. 20 five 
songs ; op. 22 three piano pieces ; op. 24 six piano 
pieces; etc. 

12 



(Katharine ). German composer of songs (op. 3, 
\ two songs from Scheffel's k *Trompeter'"; op. 6 four 

,J songs ; op. 7 two songs ; op. 9 ballade ; etc. 

Bawr (Alexandra Sofia, Comtesse de) daughter of the 

Count Youry de Champ-Grand, Bom at Stuttgart, 

\ Germany, 1776. Settled while quite young with her 

^T* parents at Paris, where she received a thorough musi- 

? ( f cal education, her principal teachers "being Gretry In 

composition, and Boieldieu, Elkvion and Garat In 

singing. She is the author of a large number of 

"Romances' 1 ' that attained great popularity during 

the period of the French revolution. 

Pessard of Paris published in 1823 her recollections, 
*' 31i $ S>mc<.idr& "\ which contains much valuable in- 
formation as to Gretry and other celebrated contem- 
porar\* artists. She died at Paris, Dec. 31, 1860, 
DIdittr, Paris, published in 1861 a "biography by lime. 
JEUise Gagne : " Jj-tdtime dt JStitct', etude biugraphtque 
sur sa Tit 1 ft StS u'icrttfjts ". 

Bayer (Mademoiselle A.j. Austrian composer. Lived 
about 1795 at Vienna, where a number of her songs 
and piano pieces were published. 

Beach ^Mrs. H. H. A. , maiden name Amy ilarcy Cheney ) , 
who must be ranked, without doubt, as the foremost 
American woman composer, was bom at Hennlkerj 
X. H., Sept 5, 1867. 

Her early studies in music were encouraged and 
directed by her talented mother. In answer to an 
inquiry as to her teachers, Mrs. Beach wrote as fol- 
lows : 4k 3Iy instruction in orchestration, composition, 
J^ counterpoint and fugue has been acquired alone, with- 
0$ out teacher, through the faithful study of standard 
^> treatises on counterpoint, fugue and other depaxt- 
*j ments of musical theory, as well as the works of 
Berlioz and Gevaert on orchestration, which I have 
translated from the original, In addition, the analy- 

13 



sis, practical and theoretical, of the orchestral scores 
and other works of the great masters, both at home 
and in the concert room. My teachers in piano and 
harmony have been my mother and Messrs. Perabo, 
Hill and Baermann." 

Mrs. Beach has essayed various forms of composi- 
tion which few composers attempt ; for instance, the 
Mass in 33 flat, written for soli, chorus, orchestra and 
organ, to which she devoted three years work. 

It received its first representation by the famous 
Handel and Haydn Society of Boston, Feb. 7, 1892, 
and was received with favor by the most conservative 
critics, who pronounced it as : "A noble work; 
characteristically in the style of the ablest Masters, 
and replete with beauty, symmetry, harmony, contra- 
puntal art, and scholarly freedom. Chief among its 
merits is its absolute individuality. Imbued with the 
spirit of the best masters, the author has not copied 
or imitated any, her melodic forms are her own ' *. 

The Mass consists of ten parts, which are treated 
with skillful discrimination and with the most sensi- 
tive appreciation of the demands of their texts, 
tthere are many beautiful passages in the choral 
numbers, and many of the themes are strong, vigor- 
ous and well adapted for large effects, the te Credo } % 
for soprano and chorus, for instance, being specially 
good, the orchestration of this number being one of 
the best in the whole Mass. 

A very meritorious work is her "Jubilate ", written 
for the Dedication of the \VbmaiTs Building at the 
Chicago World's Fair, The ending of this work is 
Well worked out. 

**Her last orchestral work of importance is her Sym- 
phony in J3 minor, op. 32, sumamed the li Gaelic ". 
This work, which received its first performance by 
the Boston Symphony Orchestra, 1896, is of decided 
14 



worth.. It never falls Into triviality, but is steadily 
high-reaching, dignified and virile, and of an able 
musicianship that is beyond all question. 

The work consists of four movements, the first in 
6-S time ti Allegro con fuoto" in H minor, opens 
pianissimo, with, a tremulous chromatic passage in 
the strings, which goes on gradually increasing in 
force and fullness of scoring until it reaches the foitis- 
simo of the full orchestra. The second movement 
opens with a graceful melody, alia Sidliana, In F 
major 12-8 time, In which the characteristic rhythm 
and tranquil, flowing grace of the SIciliano are 
strongly marked. Then follows a brisk tricksy 
scherzo movement, ** Allegro -cittiff *' in F major, 2-4 
time, throngti which the first theme breaks with de- 
lightful results every now and then, until the first 
theme returns in its original form, to be more elabo- 
rately treated. The entire second movement Is a little 
masterpiece In its way in sentiment and orchestration, 
the best of the entire work. The third movement, 
" Ltnto con molto expressions " in E minor, Is In 6-4 
time, and the fourth "A llty o i/tolto" in E minor, 
which opens with immense vigor, Is In 2-2 time. 

The entire work Is of decided worth, creditable 
alike to the ambition, the knowledge and the skill of 
the composer, and a work that entitles her to rank 
prominently at the head of her sex. 

Of her works for violin, the most important Is a 
Sonata op. 34, which contains some pleasing themes, 
especially the chief one In the t& Allegro moderate ". 
The musical workmanship in the "Allegro con 
fiioco J ' Is particularly good, and makes It the best of 
the four movements. The chief part in this work, 
which Is a trifle long, Is really given to the piano, but 
there are some good passages for the violin, well 
written for the instnunent. 



Her principal piano compositions consist of: 
Op. 6 Ballad in Db; op. 3 Cadenza to Beethoven's C 
minor Concerto ; op, 4 Valse Caprice; op. 15 Four 
Sketches, No. I In Autumn, II Phantoms, III Dream- 
Ing ; IV Fireflies ; op. 22 Bal Masque ; op. 28 No. i 
Barcarolle, II Menuet Italien, III Danse des Fleurs. 
A piano concerto in C sharp minor op. 45, has just 
"been published by Arthur P. Schmidt. 

Of her vocal compositions, several choral works de- 
serve mention, viz: "Rose of A von town ", cantata 
for female voices, and "Minstrel and the King", 
cantata for male chorus and orchestra. 

Her songs, a number of which are published in 
album form, are all well written, the most pretentious 
one being the Recitative and Aria "Wandering 
Clouds", op. 1 8, for contralto voice with orchestra 
accompaniment. 

A list of her best known songs is as follows : 
Ecstasy, Secret, Sweetheart sigh no more, Fairy 
lullaby j Thy beauty, Dearie, Scottisch cradle song, 
Years at the spring, Love but a day, Wouldn't that 
be queer, Elle et moi, Mistress mine, Spring, Black- 
bird, Hymn of trust (violin oblig.), My love is like, 
etc. Also several vocal duets. 

Beatrice (Princess of Battenberg), is the author of a num- 
ber of tuneful songs, among which may be men- 
tioned: The Sunny month of May, Blue-eyed 
maiden, Green cavaliers song, Retrospection, etc. 
Also a March for orchestra and some Church 
Responses. 

BeaumesnII (Henrietta Adelaide Yillard de), French 
singer and dramatic composer, was born at Paris, 
Aug. 31, 17385 where she died 1813. Received an ex- 
cellent musical education, and being possessed of a 
beautiful voice, became one of the foremost stars of 
the Grand Opera, Paris, with which she was connected 
16 



from 1760-74. About 1778 her voice beginning to* 
fail, she attempted composition, and as her efforts 
met "with considerable success, devoted her whole 
time to dramatic composition. 

Her most popular operas were : te Leg Saturnales 3S 
(performed at the Grand Opera, 1786), '* Anacreon", 
tm Les fetes gregues et romaincs *\ ** JLcs legislatrices" 
(written for the Theatre de Montague, 1786), ' * Plaire, 
c^est commander }S (a comic opera), etc. 

She had the honor of being the second woman com- 
poser who had her works performed at the Grand 
Opera, Paris. 

Becker (Ida). German composer, pupil of Friedrich 
Kiel and Albert Becker. Her compositions consist of 
<{ Brei Balladen," for Bariton ; a set of children songs 
* * Lieder aus der Maehrchenwelt; op. 6 Kleine Bilder, 
etc. Her children songs are perfect little gems, and 
are highly recommended by Prof. Kiel, who insisted 
on their publication when the manuscript was shown 
him. 

A cantata * 4 Db: Jteilige NticJtt " for chorus and soli 
voices, has been frequently performed. 

Behr (I^ouise). German composer. Has published : Op. 
2 Terzetto with piano accompaniment ; o. ^ Hunter's 
Song " for mixed chorus, and a ntunfeBfbf songs. 

Be!lelIIe-Our^ (EmiKej. 1 " Osrman^CGniposer. Bern at 
31unich 1808, where she died July 23, iSSo. A 
pianist of great ability, pupil of Czemy. Her playing 
was distingnisliecl by brilliancy and spirit ; Schumann 
in " Music and Musicians" draws the following com- 
parison between Madame Belleville-Oury and Clara 
Schumann : 4 * They should not be compared, they 
are different mistresses of different schools. The 
, playing of Madame B. is technically the finer of the 
two ; Clara^s is more im passionate. Tne tone of 
Madame B. flatters, but does not penetrate "beyond the 

17 



ear ; that of Clara readies the heart. Madame Belle- 
ville is a poetess, Clara Is poetry itself.'* 

Her compositions, of which more than 200 appeaf 
in print, consist chiefly of transcriptions, fantasies, 

etc., among those most popular being her brilliant 
arrangement of Scotch airs * ' Souvenir d'Bdinbourg J ^ , 

which attained a great success in Great Britain ; also 
her Fantasie on the opera 4 TAfricaine JJ . 

Among her other compositions may be mentioned 
"La Chasse de Compiegne", "Plaintes de 1' Ab- 
sence ' ' , " Marche Ecosssise ", " Valse brillante ' * , 
"Nocturne", etc. 

Benfey-Schuppe (Anna). German composer, born at 
Landeck. She has written an Overture to Goethe's 
lt 6r(/tfet, Berlicltingen "y incidental music to "Romeo 
an<l J'lUttte ", and u Pkillipine Wdser" (played at 
Dresden, Breslau, Coburg, etc.). Also several com- 
positions for chamber music, etc. 

Bernard (Yincenzia). German composer. Born 1840 in 
the small village Krischanovitz, Moravia, where her 
father was village teacher and organist, and from 
whom she received her first musical tuition. "While 
not quite 15 years old her father died, and she was 
obliged to support herself as an organist and music 
teacher at Austerlitz. She is considered one of the 
most successful teachers at Bninn, Austria. Her 
many j-ears experience and her method are contained 
in her "HUfsbuch. fur den Klaviemnterricht '% 
which has passed through several editions. 

Bernard (Caroline Richings), the celebrated American 
singer, is the author of many vocal gems, of which. 
** O Word of God Incarnate '* is probably best known. 

Bernouilly (Agnes). German composer, bom at Berlin, 
1825, pupil of Carl Bohmer. A number of her orches- 
tral compositions have been frequently placed by the 
Saro orchestra and others. Her works, consisting of 
18 



songs, etudes, scherzi, and various piano pieces, are 
highly spoken of. 

Berlin (Louise Angelique). French, composer, pianist 
and poetess. Bom near Paris, Feb. 15, 1805, and 
died April 26, 1877. Author of a number of operas, 
of which ' Le Lonp Garou" (Paris, 1827), and 
"Fau*t" (Paris, 1831), were the most successful. 
Other operas are " Esmeralda" (performed at Paris 
and Munich), and '* Gkiy bannering '*. 

Among her most important works are a number of 
string quartets, a trio for piano, cello and violin, and 
a number of choruses. 

Of her songs the following deserve mention : Le 
llatelot, la Fleur, la Hule, la Chasse, le Soir, etc. 

Her collection of poetry "les Glm8*\ published 
at Paris, 1842, was awarded a prize by the French 
Academy. 

Bertlni (Xatale). Italian composer of piano compositions 
(Andante, Caprice s Souvenir cT Odessa, Banse In- 
dienne, etc.). 

Bertinotti (Teresa), called "'Tangelo del Canto", a cele- 
brated Italian singer, born at Savigliano, 1780. 
Received her first musical education from the cele- 
brated teacher La Earbiera, Naples. She is the 
author of a number of pleasing arias and soEgs. 
Died at Bologna, 1852. 

BlehSer (Ludmiila). German composer. Author of a 
number of piano pieces (op. 19 Serenade, op 20 
Letzte Rose, etc.)-" 

Bigot ^larie, nee Kiene). French composer and pianist. 
Born at Colmar, Alsace, 1786 ; died at Paris, Sept 16, 
1820. Married 1804 to M. Bigot } librarian to Count 
Rasoumowsky , in whose service they went to Vienna, 
where they made the acquaintance of Haydn and 
Beethoven, both of whom Mine. Bigot enchanted "by 
iier rendering of their music, and by h.er pleasant, 
19 



sympathetic manner and interesting conversation, 
Her faculty for reading at sight is said to have been. 
wonderful, and when Beethoven showed her his man- 
uscript of the Sonata appassionata, she played it for 

him in a marvelous manner to the great delight of 

the author. Beethoven, after the work had been 
printed, presented her with the autograph copy as a 
homage to her wonderful a vista reading. This valu- 
able souvenir of the great master was carefully pre- 
served by her until her early death in 1820. The 
autograph remained for many years in her husband's 
possession, and at length was bequeathed by him to 
the library of the Paris Conservatory of Music. 
Leaving Vienna 1809, she settled at Paris, where she 
soon became one of the centres of musical life, and 
was the first to introduce Beethoven's compositions 
to a Parisian public. 

Cherubini, Auber, Baillot and other celebrities were 
constant visitors at her salon. 

Reverses forcing her to adopt teaching for a living, 
she soon acquired a large class of pupils, among them 
being Mendelssohn during his first sojourn at Paris. 
He refers to her in a letter of Dec. 20, 1831, and the 
warmth of his attachment to her family may be seen 
from another letter of Feb. 24, 1838. 

Of her compositions, consisting chiefly of piano 
works, a number have appeared in print at Vienna 
and Paris. 

Binfield (Hannah R. . English* composer. Bom at 
Reading, iSio ; di&l in Reading, May 2, 1887. She 
was a talented organist, harpist and teacher, -who has 
published a number of compositions for these instru- 
ments. 

IHsset . Elizabeth Anne). English composer and harpist. 
Bom at London , 1800 ; date of death unknown. Of 
iier best known harp compositions may be men- 

20 



tioned : Pantasie brilliant (1840), The Sailor's Adieu 
(1842), Ballade, etc. 

Black (Jennie Prince). American contemporary com- 
poser of songs. The following appear in print : In 
May, Regrets, A song of love, Cynthia, Slumber 
song, Misgiving, etc. 

Biahetka (Leopoldine). Austrian pianist and one of the 
most prolific woman composers, was born at Gun- 
tramsdorf, near Vienna, Nov. 15, iSn. 

Her first teacher was her mother, with whom she 
made such rapid progress that, by the advice of 
Beethoven, she was placed at the age of five years 
with Joseph Czemy for education as a musician. Her 
remarkable talent enabled her, while scarcely twelve 
years old, to play in public at Vienna a set of Varia- 
tions with orchestral accompaniment of her own, 
receiving great credit for her work. 

Later on she received instruction from Kalkbrenner 
and Moscheles, and studied harmony with Sechter. 

She made frequent concert tours, meeting with 
universal success. Schumann testifies most flatter- 
ingly in regard to her excellent playing, in his 
** Gesammelte Schriiten," vol. II., page 45. 

Mention is made of her and her compositions in 
numerous biographical works,, such as Grove, Mendel, 
Riemann, Fetis, Paul, Baptie, Bemsdorf, Gassaer, 
Pauer^ Schubertli, Weitzmann, etc. 

In 1840 she removed to Boulogne foi her health, 
where she soon became very popular and successful 
as a teacher, highly esteemed f r her excellent and 
amiable character. She died there Jan. 17, 1887. 

Her compositions are quite numerous and preten- 
tious, and consist of : Op. 2 and 26 Variations for 
string quartet and piano ; op. 43 and 44 Piano quar- 
tets ; op. 5 Trio for violin, cello and piano ; op. 14 and. 
15 Sonatas for violin and piano ; op. 9 Grand Polon- 

21 



aise for cello and piano ; op. 10 Variations for violin 
and piano ; op. n Var's concertante, cello and piano ; 
op. 1 8, 20 and 29 Piano solos with string accompani- 
ment ; op. 25 Concerto for piano and orchestra ; op. 38 
** Souvenir d f Angleterxe ", piano solo with orchestra ; 
op. 4 and 28 Var's brillante for piano with orchestra ; 
op. 39 Var's in D for flute and piano ; op. 47 Grand 
Duo, piano four hands ; also a number of pianos solos 
(op. 13, 19. 33, 37, 48, etc.) and various vocal duets 
and songs. 

An operetta "Die Raeuber und die Saenger" was 
successfully performed at Vienna, 1830. 

Blasts (Teresa de). Italian composer, member of a very 
musical Neapolitan family, her father and brother 
both being composers of note. She published a num- 
ber of sonatas, variations and other works for the 
piano. Died at Florence, April 20, 1868. 

Bfauhuth (Jenny). German composer, bom at Leipzig- 
April 30, 1862. Pupil of Reinecke and Rust. Held 
a professorship for a number of years at the Karls- 
ruhe Conservatory. Her piano works, although few, 
show great originality, among them being a pretty 
u Serenata," and " Lied ohne \Vorte ". 

Blcitrter (Rosa). Bohemian composer, teacher of singing 
at the Prague Conservatory of Music, and author of 
vocal and mstrumental music. Among her composi- 
tions may be named a series of songs, numbered opus 
32, 33 and 34, published at Prague ; also a very im- 
pressive Funeral March, op. 36. 

Bliss i v see Lindsay). 

Bochkoftz-Falconf (Anna). German vocal teacher and 
singer. Bora at Frankfurt a. M. 1820 ; died Paris, 
Dec. 24, 1879. Published a number of songs (Geister- 
stimmen, Fruhlingsverkiiridung, etc.), and a set of 
vocal studies. Among her prominent pupils may be 
mentioned Mad. Peschka-Leutner- 
22 



Boerner-Sandrini (Marie). German composer, daughter 
of L. Sandrini, the celebrated soprano. Talented 
pianist and vocal teacher, whose compositions consist 
of a number of songs, among which may "be men- 
tioned a pretty Ave Maria for alto and piano. 

Borton (Alice). English contemporary composer. The 
following songs are published : Binding sheaves, 
Hark ! how merrily birds, Oh ! how blest, etc. Also 
an "Andante and Rondo" for piano and orchestra, 
Suite in the olden style, and other piano compositions. 

Boesenhoenlg (Josepha). Austrian composer and pian- 
ist. Lived at Vienna during the last century, where 
she received her musical education from such, masters 
as Mozart, Kozeluch and Richter. Published quite a 
number of piano pieces. 

Bond (Mrs. Carrie Jacobs). American composer and 
writer. Has published in album form: "Seven 
Songs", *' Eleven 5- mall Songs", "Four Songs'', 
""Some Little Songs", various piano pieces, also 
*' Short Stories In Verse ". 

Bost (Louise). German writer, bom at \Vurzbnrg, iSio. 
Published the work " Caecilia, Btrac?ituhgtn uber 
*t)ist u nd Xfttxik", XVurzburg, 1859. 

Botlano (Helene von). German musician. Writer of 
various piano pieces, published at Bremen (op. 5, 6, 
21, etc.). 

Bottin! (Marianne Andreozzi, Marquise de). Italian 
composer. Born at Lucca Xov. 7, 1802 ; died there 
Jan. 24, 1858. Showed great talent in her youth, and 
received an excellent musical education, her teacher 
being Domenico Quilici. She has written numerous 
meritorious compositions of various character, among 
them the opera '" Elena e Granlv'\a. "Requiem" 
for chorus and orchestra, a ee Siubttt J/tfftr" for 
three voices, a "Magnificat" for four voices and 
orchestra, the cantata tl St. Uecilt'\ several concertos 



for piano with orcltestra accompaniment, a cantata 
for chorus (dedicated to the noble family of Orsuici), 
various overtures, and a number of compositions for 
the voice, the harp, and piano. 

The Academic des Pfailharmoniques of Bologna 
elected her honorary member. 

Boundy (Kate). Writer of church music (O Lord of 
Hearts, etc.). 

Bo urges (Clementine d&j. Talented French composer of 
the 1 6th century ; 1>orn at Lyons. The compositions 
of this lady are ranked "by Grove, as well as Mendel, 
with those of the great composers of her time. Her 
complete mastery of various instruments, and her 
great learning were held in high esteem by her con- 
temporaries. 

J. Paisfs " Orgeltabularurbuch '% containing works 
of the great masters, such as Orlandus Lassus, 
Walther, Senfl, etc., contains an interesting four-part 
chorus "Da fa rami" by this lady. 

She was engaged to Jean de Peyrat, an officer in the 
King's service, who was killed 1560 in a skirmish 
against the Huguenots. Constantly grieving over 
her loss, this remarkable talented woman died the 
followirg year (Sept. 30, 1561) greatly lamented. 

Bovct (Hennine). German composer ; born at Hoxter, 
Westphalia, 1842. Is the author of a Piano method, 
excellently graded, which is highly recommended by 
Prof, llertke and Be Lange, and has passed through 
several editions. 

Her other works consist of songs for children, in- 
structive piano pieces and studies. 

Boyce (Ethel Mary). English composer ; bom at Chert- 
sey, Siury, Oct. 5, 1863. Pupil of Walter Macfarren. 
Won the Lady Goldsmid Scholarship, 1885; Potter 
Exhibitioner, iSS6 ; winner of the Stemdale Bennett 
Prize, 1886; and the Lucas medal for composition, 1889. 
24 



Her "works consist of the cantatas : *' The Lay of 
the brown Rosary *\ for soprano and alto solos, mixed 
chorus and orchestra; "Sands of Corriemie", for 
female voices ; tl Ymtng LocJtintar", "bariton solo, 

mixed chorus and orchestra. Also a l March in E ", 
for orchestra ; 8 pieces for violin and piano (Novello), 
various piano compositions, songs and part-songs. 

Boyden (see St. John). 

Bra m fail la (Marietta), the eminent vocalist and teacher, 
was bom 1807 at Cassano, Italy. She Is the author 
of *' Exercises et Vocalises pour Soprano et piano'*, 
and a number of songs, a collection of which is pub- 
lished under the title of 4t Souvenirs des Alps *\ She 
died at Milan, Xov. 6, 1875. 

Brandenstein (Charlotte von). German composer ; bom 
at Ludwigsburg, \Vurtemberg, 1750. Her teacher 
was the celebrated Abbe Vogler at Vienna. She is 
the author of a number of piano compositions, etc. 
A Sonata for violin and piano was published by 
Vogler, 1 780, in his musical journal, and highly com- 
mented on. 

Brandes (\Vilhelmina). Eminent vocalist. Bora at Ber- 
lin, May 21, 1756; died at Hamburg, June 13, 1788. 
Was a talented musician and author of a number of 
songs and arias, as well as piano pieces. 

Brand hurst (Elise). German writer of piano music and 
songs (op. 14 Lieb Sternlein du, etc.) 

Bray (Mrs. Anna Eliza, maiden name Kempe). English, 
writer. Born at St. Mary, Surry, Dec. 25, 1790 ; died 
at London, Jan. 21, 1883. Author of " Handel, his 
Life, Personal and Professional, with Thoughts on 
Sacred Music", London, 1857. 

Bremont (Countess de). Song writer (Golden Africa, 
Spanish Bolero, etc.). 

Bresson (see Brisson). 

Bright (Dora), English composer and pianist, bom at 

25 



Sheffield, Aug. 16, 1863, is undoubtedly one of Eng- 
land's most talented musician? of the present time. 
Upon the death of her father, an excellent amateur 
violinist, in iSSi, she entered as pupil at the Roval 

Academy of Musicians (from iSSi-SS), assisting as 
teacher in the classes of YA~. Macfarren (piano) and 

Ebenezer Prout (harmony and counterpoint). In 
1884 she gained the Potter and several other prizes, 
including the Lucas medal for composition (iSSS), 

"being the first woman to obtain this honor. 

Her compositions, all of which are of a high order, 
remarkably well written, consist of two Piano Con- 
certos (A minor and D minor), of which the one in 
D minor is a work critics speak of as u being full of 
bright and original fancy and melodious inspiration 
of a high order, coupled with excellent workman- 
ship." 

The delightful second subject of the first movement 
Allegro Moderate, and the succeeding Intermezzo 
(veritable gems), any composer might be proud of. 
The orchestral coloring is exquisite throughout. Of 
her other important works the following may be 
mentioned : Fantasia in G, for piano and orchestra, 
which was played by the author May n, 1892, at the 
London Philharmonic Concerts, the first instance of 
an orchestral work by a woman being admitted to the 
programme of the society. Other works are : A 
Quartet in D, for piano and strings ; 3 Duos for two 
pianos ; a very effective Suite for violin and piano ; 
various compositions for flute and piano, and for 
piano (of these a C4 Berceuse", a " Tarantelle " and 
14 Liebesiied " of special merit); and a number of 
songs (To blossom, To music, Primrose, YVho is 
Sylvia, etc.X 

Brttlon de Jouy (Madame). A celebrated French ama- 
teur pianist of the last century. Dr. Burny in his 
26 



journal mentions having heard her at Paris, and 
speaks highly of her talents as a player and composer 
for her instrument. 

Brine (Mary D.). Song writer (What is Summer made 
of, Titania, One I love, \Vhich is the road to Slumber* 
land, etc.). 

Brinkmann (Minna). German composer ; "born at Oster- 
wieck, Sept. 28, 1831. Prolific writer of piano pieces 
of a pleasing and light character. Her u ln die 
Feme" has been printed in numerous editions. Opus 
number reaches one hundred. 

Brissac ( Jules). (See Mrs. John Macfarren). 

Brlsson pllle.). French composer; bom at Paris, 1785, 
Talented pianist, pupil of Adam. Is the author of a. 
method for adopting a score to the piano. A nnml>er 
of works for violin and piano, and harp and piano, 
are published by Lednc, Paris. Of her piano compo- 
sitions, those on a "Theme by Mozart" and "Kel 
cor ' * were very popular. 

Broad wood (Lucy E-). English collector, editor and 
composer. Collaborated with her uncle, the Rev, 
John Broadwood, in a collection of *' Country Songs 
of Surrey and Sussex ", and in 1893, -with J. A. Fuller 
Maitland, in editing and arranging "English Coun- 
try Songs ' ' and " Old TYorld Songs." She has writ- 
ten a number of songs, among which may be named : 
Xae mair we'll meet ; Tammy ; \Vhen trees did bud. 

Broes (Mile.). Bom at Amsterdam, Holland, 1791 ; died 
at Paris. Brilliant pianist, pupil of Fetis (1805), and 
Klengel (iSio). Author of a number of Rondos, 
Variations, Dances, etc., for the piano. 

Bronsart (Ingeborg von, maiden name Stark). This 
talented lady was born of Swedish parents at St 
Petersburg, Aug. 24, 1840. Both her parents being 
very musical, great care was taken to procure for 
Ingeborg the best of teachers. Her first masters were 
27 



Martinoff and Decker, and later Adolf Henselt. Her 
progress was so remarkable that at the age of twelve 
-she was able to give a public concert, at which a com- 
position of lier own was most cordially received. 

At the age of fourteen she played from memory 
Chopin's B minor Concerto in public. By advice of 
Henselt, she journeyed to Weimar to become a pupil 
of Liszt. In offering her letters of introduction, she 
Also submitted several of her compositions. Liszt, in 
looking them over, was somewhat skeptical as to their 
"being all her own work, and to test her ability die- 
iated to her the theme of a fugue. Ingeborg finished 
the same on the spot ; and Liszt, after looking over 
the work, was highly pleased and jocular^- remarked, 
"You do not look like it*'! Ingeborg- smilingly 
Answered, "Well, I am glad I do not look like a 
Fugue". Such progress was made under Liszt's 
tuition that she was soon considered one of his most 
talented and favorite pupils. 

She made frequent concert tours to Paris, St. Peters- 
burg, and the principal German cities. In 1861 she 
married Hans von Bronsart, the talented Conductor 
and Intendant of the Ro3'al Theatre at Hanover. At 
the latter city, where they settled, Ingeborg von 
Bronsart retired from public life and devoted herself 
-entirely to composition. 

Her first opera "Die Go ft in ton Sals" was rather 
-unsuccessful, the fault lying with the poor libretto, 
the music being far superior. Her next dramatic 
-work, a setting of Goethe's "Jeryund Eafe1y*\ was 
immensely successful, being repeatedly performed at 
Berlin, Weimar, Vienna, Cassel, Wiesbaden, Karls- 
-rulie, Koenagsberg, and many other German cities. 
"The beautiful music, as well as the highly interesting 
instrumentation, being justly praised by the most 
teminent critics. 



Her third opera %% Koenig Hierm" was started 1882^ 
but not finished before 1891, "when Its first perform- 
ance took place at Berlin in the presence of the 
Emperor and the entire imperial court. The opera 
scored a success (although the libretto is weak), the 
Emperor off exing his personal congratulations to the 
gifted composer. 

Of her other works the most important is her Piano- 
Concerto with orchestra accompaniment, which is 
said to be highly interesting. 

Beside the above, she has published a series of 
songs ; three works for cello and piano (Nocturne, 
Elegie, Romanze); Fantasie op. 21 for violin and 
piano ; several male choruses ; various piano compo- 
sitions, besides other instrumental and vocal music. 

Brown (Jean Parkman). American musician. Author of 
" Intervals, Chords and Ear Training, 1 * 

Brucken-Fock (Etnilie von). German composer of piano 
pieces and songs (Seligkeit, Bitte, Klage, Schnee- 
glocken, etc.). 

Bruckenthal (Baroness Bertha von). German composer. 
Author of a i4 Grand ^lesse Solenelle "* in 3?, op. 7, 
for chorus and soli, with orchestra accompaniment, 
which is very well spoken of ; also an ** Offertorium '% 
op. H 5 for four- voices and organ; and 4S Pange 
lingua", for four voices and organ. 

She has also published a "Romanza", op. 9, for 
cello and piano ; * 4 Serenade", op. 19, for violin and 
piano ; a set of six choruses for male voices ; a num- 
ber of songs, and various piano pieces. 

Buckley (Mrs., nee Olivia Dussek). English pianist and 
writer. Bom at London, 1799. Pupil and daughter 
of Sophia Bussek, wife of J. L. Dussek, the eminent 
pianist. Her works consist of a number of composi- 
tions for the harp and piano ; also two books of 
i Fairy Songs and Ballads for the Young ", 1846. 
29 



Bugge (Magda). Norwegian pianist and composer, resid- 
ing in America. Has published a number of piano 
pieces and songs with English and Norwegian text. 
Most of her compositions are published by Warmuth. 
Bufow (Charlotte von). German vocal composer. Pub- 
lished a number of Arias for female voices, duets and 
songs. 

Burde (Jeanette, maiden name Milder). Born near Vi- 
enna, Nov. II, 1799 ; died at Berlin. She was an 
excellent and well known vocal teacher, and author 
of a number of songs (op. 4 Drei Lieder, op. 5 Drei 
Gesaenge, op. 6 Deutsche Gesaenge, etc.). 
Bury (Agnes). German vocal teacher, author of a num- 
ber of vocal exercises, published by Bahn, Berlin. 
Buttenstein (Constanze von). German composer of in- 
strumental and vocal music, among which may be 
mentioned an * * Ave Maria ' ' for alto, with orchestra 
or organ and string quartet accompaniment, pub- 
lished by Boesendoerfer, Vienna. 

Cacclni (Francesca), Italian singer, composer and poet, 
was born at Florence, 1581 or '82, her father being 
Giulio Caccini, the celebrated singer and composer, 
from whom she received a thorough musical educa- 
tion. Francesca was for many years the admiration 
and pride of Florence, not only for her musical abili- 
ties, both in singing and in composition, but also for 
her poetry in the Latin and Tuscan languages. Her 
compositions, consisting of part-songs, songs, etc., 
were published at Florence, i6rS ; and her operas, 
tl Ln Liberation* di Ruggiero" (performed before the 
Court at Florence, and published 1625), and " Rinaldo 
Innwnorftto" y are preserved at the Minerva Library* 
Rome. The date of her death is not known. 
Calegarl (Cornelia). Talented Italian organist, singer 
and composer. Born at Bergamo, 1644. "While not 
quite fifteen years old, her first collection of motets 

3 



were published, attracting universal and favorable 
attention. In 1 660 she entered the convent of St. 
Marguerita at Milan, receiving the name of Maria 
Catharina. Her brillant organ playing and her beau- 
tiful singing were the means of drawing large crowds 
to the church connected with the convent. 

Her compositions consist of several Masses for six 
voices with instrumental accompaniment, Vespers, 
and other church music. Also Motets for one voice 
(1659;, Madrigals for one and two voices, Canzonettas, 
etc. 

Calcott (Maria Hutchins). English musician. Born in 
1799 ; died at London, April 3, 1859. Published 
among other works, "The Singers Alphabet, or 
Hints on the English Vowels, etc.", London, 1849. 

Cam mack (Amelia). American composer of piano music 
and various songs (Tears, I am waiting, etc.). 

Campbell (Lady Archibald). Contemporary English 
musician. Author of " Rainbow music, the philoso- 
phy of harmony in color grouping ", London, 1886. 

Campbell (Miss Mary Maxwell). English musician. 
Born in Fife, 1812 ; died at St. Andrews, Jan. 15, 1886. 
Is the author of the well-known " March of the Cam- 
eron Men". The song had been long assigned to 
others, before Miss Campbell acknowledged and 
proved her authorship. 

Candeille (Emilie). French vocalist, poetess and com- 
poser. Born at Paris, 1766. Was the pupil of tier 
father P. J. Candeille, a dramatic composer of some 
note. In 1788 she was married to the actor Simons, 
signing herself henceforth Candeille-Simons. Her 
compositions consist of a number of piano Trios, a 
Sonata for two pianos, four Sonatas for the piano, 
and a number of songs with piano and harp accom- 
paniments, An operetta "La Belle Fermiere", 



words and music by her, was successfully performed 
at theTheatre Francaise, 1792. She is also the author of 
the comic opera " Ida, V Orpheline de Berlin " (1807). 
Cantelio (Annie; Mrs. Harry Cox). English contempo- 
rary pianist. Born in Nottingham. Pupil of the 
Royal Academy of Music ; winner of the Stemdale 
Bennet prize, 1881, and Lady Goldsmid scholarship, 
1882. Is the author of a Sonata in E minor, and 
other pieces for pianoforte. 

Cappiani (I/>uisa). Talented vocal teacher, resident of 
New York, and author of a number of songs (Aye 
Maria, Darte del Canto, etc.). 

Carew (Lady), wife of Sir Henry Carew, has written a 
number of songs, of which her setting of Longfellow's 
"The Bridge" is considered one of the finest so far 
published. 

Carissan (Mad'UL C.), French contemporary composer 
of a number of songs and piano pieces, was born at 
Nancy of Creole parents. She is the author of the 
operetta "La Jeunesse d* Haydn,", of the oratorio 
"Rebecca" (performed, at Paris, 1893), the lyrique 
drama "TAute- et V Amour", and the choral work 
" Ballade du Plvngeur" (performed 1895). 
CarmlcfiaeS (Hary Grant). English contemporary com- 
poser; born at Birkenhead. Pupil of Dr. Prout, 
Waiter Bache, Beringer, and Dr. Porges. Her most 
important work is a Mass in E fiat for men's and 
bays' voices. Other works are: the operetta"! 7 /^ 
&/ttj& Qaeifc", a piano suite for four hands, several 
smaller piano compositions and songs. 
Caroline (Mile. j. French composer, who lived at Paris 
during the time of the Revolution. According to 
"'Pougin's Biographic Universelle des 3Iusiciens " 
she is the composer of an opera ? in one act, "VHeu- 
rwx Stratageme ", which was performed at the Thea- 
tre Beaujolais, Paris, Aug. 19, 1786. 



Carreno (Teresa), the eminent pianist, was born of Span- 
ish parents at Caraccas, Venezuela, Dec. 22, 1853. 
Pupil of Gottschalk. lYhile scarcely nine years old 
she appeared in public at a concert at Xew York. 
Her compositions consist of a number of songs and 
piano pieces f!a Teresita, Souvenir d'Ecosse., Barca- 
rolle, etc.). Also a string quartet in B. 

Cartwright (Mrs. Robert). English composer of songs 
(Break, break, break, etc.). 

Caruthers (Julia). Song writer (My pansies, etc.). 

Case! fa (Mile.). Contemporary Italian composer. A 
grand opera * Chrintuforo Colrtmbo" was performed 
1865 at the Theatre Italien at Xice. Further particu- 
lars are wanting. 

Casson (Miss). English composer and vocalist, lived 
during the latter part of the ibth century. She is the 
authoress of a number of songs of varying merit. 

Casulana (Maddalena). Italian composer; bom at Bres- 
cia, about 1540. Of hei compositions, two volumes of 
Madrigals for four voices were published 156$ &. 1583. 

Catalan! (Angelica), the celebrated Italian singer, who 
was bom at Sinigagiia, 1783, and died at Paris, 1849^ 
is the author of a number of songs, of which her bril- 
liant variations, "La Belle Molinara", etc., were 
great favorites with all famous singers. 

Cerrini d! Montc-Varchi (Anna von). Swiss composer ; 
born at Geneva, July 14, 1833. Pupil of Lysberg, 
and author of a number of pleasing piano pieces 
'Album Leaves, Impromtn., Pensee Fugitive, etc.). 

ChamberSayne (Edith A.). English, contempory com- 
poser ; pupil of the Royal G nservatoiy. Has pub- 
lished music for harp, organ, piano, etc., among 
which may be mentioned a Sextet for harp, flute and 
strings (performed at the Crystal Palace, Feb. 23, 
1895); two Sonatas for violin and piano ; a Piano 



Suite, etc. Also a number of songs, and two Sym- 
phonies and an Opera in M.S. 
Chamtnade (Cecile). This eminent French composer, 

among the foremost of female musicians of our time, 
was born at Paris, Aug. 8, 1861. Her teachers have 

been I^e Couppey, Bayard, Marsyck and Godard. 

Her precocious talent showed itself while scarcely 
eight years old, when she wrote a number of sacred 
compositions, on the examination of which Georges 
Bizet predicted for her a brilliant future. 

At the age of eighteen she gave her first public con- 
cert, at which a number of her compositions were per- 
formed. 

Ambroise Thomas who was present, remarked 
"That is not a woman who composes, but a composer 
who is a woman ". 

Refinement and elegance of detail, as well as 
piquant melody and originality in rhythm, are the 
leading characteristics of all the compositions by this 
lady. There is always a conspicuous absence of the 
commonplace in her compositions, and at the present 
time there are very few male composers France can 
boast of whose works compare with those of Chamin- 
ade's, and not one whose compositions are so widely 
known and played as hers, and find such a ready sale. 

A list of her works (her juvenile efforts, which she 
tias withdrawn, are not mentioned) is as follows: 
* Ll Les Ama20ne$*\ symphony lyrique, for chorus and 
.orchestra (first performance April 18, i&SS); "La 
i&tillane" , opera comique, in one act, in M.S. "Cal- 
lirhoe ", suite for orchestra, first performed at Mar- 
^elHes, iSSS, with immense success. 

The Suite consists of the following well-known 
numbers : (Fas des Amphores (second air de ballet), 
Pas des Echarpes (third air de ballet), Danse Pastorale 
(fifth air de ballet), Callirhoe (fourth air de ballet), 

34 



Prelude, Scherzettino. Numerous arrangements exist 
of this Suite. 

Next in importance is her " ConceTtxt'ufk" ^ op. 40, 

for piano and orchestra, which was played for the 
first time by the author at one of the famous ILatnou- 
xetix concerts. 

Her two 'Trios for piano, violin and cello, op. n, in 
O minor , and. op. 34 In A minor , show considerable 
knowledge of form, and are most effectively written, 
the themes of both being very original and striking. 

Of her violin compositions the following- deserve 
special mention : Capriccio op. iS (very pretty, dedi- 
cated to ilarsick), an " Andantino "* , **Romanza*% 
and a "Bohemienne '\ 

Miss Chaminade has also written a number of com- 
positions for two pianos 4 and 8 hands (op. 36"Xo. I 
Intermede, Xo. 2 Pas de Cymbales ; op. 40 Concert- 
stiick arranged with a second piano ; op. 59 Andante 
et Scherzettino, etc.); and for one piano 8 hands 
Ai Xoce d" Argent". Piano Duets are as follows: 
Op. 55 six pieces Roman tiques, consisting of: Xo. i, 
Primavera; Xo. 2, La Chaise a Portenrs ; Xo. 3, 
Idylle Arabe ; Xo. 4, Serenade d'Autnnme ; Xo. 5, 
Danse HIndoue ; Xo. 6, RIgaudon ; op. 73 Talse Car- 
nevalesque ; op. 121 Pastorale Enfantlne, etc. 

Miss Chamiiiade^s piano compositions are quite 
numerous t and consist in part of -the following 
works : Op. 21 Sonata in C minor, op. 23 Minnetto, 
op. 24 LIbeilules 5 op. 28 Etude Symplionlqne (very 
pretty), op. 29 Serenade, op. 30 Air de Ballet Xo. i, 
op. 32 Gnitarre, op. 35 six Etudes de Concert (all very 
interesting), op. 39 Toccata, op. 41 Pierrette, op. 42 
"Willis, op. 54 Lolita, op. 56 Scaramonche, op. 57 
Havanaise, op. 60 Xes Sylvaines, op. 61 Arabesque, 
op. 66 Studio, op. 67 Morena, op. 74 Piece dans le 
Style Ancien > op. 76 six Songs without words, op: 77 

35 



Second Valse, op. 78 Prelude, op. So Third Valse 
"brilliant, op. Si Terpsichore, op. 82 Chanson Napoli- 
taine, op. 83 Ritonrnelles, op. 85 Vert Gallant, op. 

86 Ballade, op. 87 six pieces Humoristique, op. 88 

Rimembranza. 

Of her songs a well-known critic writes : " They 

possess a most winning grace, united with an origin- 
ality in the melodic leading and rhythmic structure, 
that raise them far above the ordinary. Her music 
"breathes the true romantic spirit of the poems by 
which it is inspired ; her melody is neither trite nor 
affected, and is gracefully borne on fluent, well-chosen, 
and finely blended harmonies." 

Among her most popular songs may be men- 
tioned: April, Amoroso, As in October, Berceuse, 
Captive love, Invocation, Madrigal, Ritoumelle. Ser- 
enata, Colette, Birds Noel, Ideal, Silver ring, My 
Neighbor, etc. 

Also various vocal duets and part-songs for women 7 s 
voices. 

Charlotte (Friederike Wilhelmine Louise, Princesse cf 
Saxe-Meiningen). Born at Berlin, June 27, 1831 ; 
died March 30, 1855. Talented dilettanti, whose 
teachers were Taubert, Kullak and Stern. Wrote a 
number of military marches, songs and piano pieces. 
Charlotte (Princesse of Saxe-Meiningen), daughter of the 
late Emperior Frederick III. of Germany. Born July 
24, 1860. Among her compositions may be named : 
** Geschwindmarsch " for military band, "Defilier 
ilarsch ", etc.; also a pretty i4 Cradle Song 1 ' for 
violin and piano. 

Chazal (Mrs.), Well-known virtuoso, orchestral conduc- 
tor and composer of the iSth century. At London 
May 14, 1764, she gave a concert, the programme of 
which contained the following of her compositions : 
Overture for French horns, an Ode for chorus, a vio- 

36 



lin solo, a piano solo, an organ concerto, and as a 
finale, a tk Forest scene" for French liorns and tim- 
pani. The orchestra she conducted personally. 

Cheve' (Xanine, nee Paris), French writer. Has invented, 
with the collaboration of her husband, a system of 
musical notation resembling the English Tonic Sol- 
Fa. This system has "been the subject of much con- 
troversy in France, but through the persisting energy 
of Mad. Cheve / It has made such headway that the 
same is now allowed to be used in the Paris communal 
schools. An adaptation for English use has "been made 
by M. Andrade and G. Bullen. 

^lad. Cheve is also the author of the following 
works : ** Xouvelle Theorie des Accords M , and u Tab- 
leau du doigte' des gammes f '. 

She died at Bois-Colombes, near Paris. June 28, 1868. 

Chezy (\Vilhelmine,. German writer. Born at Berlin, 
1783 ; died at Geneva, 1856. Wrote the librettos 
to Weber's opera l ' Euryuutli*. "", and Schubert's 
" Roscimuudc ". 

Chfckerlng (Mrs. C. F.}. American composer of songs, 
the most popular of these being ^ In the night she 
told a story * * . 

Chittenden (Kate). American writer and teacher, resi- 
dent of New York. Colaborator with Albert R. Par- 
sons of the "Synthetic Method for the Piano' 1 ; to 
which she has added a " Synthetic Catechism ", and 
published a number of teaching pieces for the piano, 
and arranged some sacred music. 

Chouquet ^Louise), French composer, writer of piano 
music (op. 6 Les chants dn Pays, op. 7 Mariquita, etc.). 

Ch retien - Gena ro (Hedwige). French contemporary com- 
poser, Professor at the Paris Conservatoire. Pupil of 
Guiraud ; gained iSSi the first prize in the Harmony 
class, and first prize for fugue writing. Of her com- 
positions, which are chiefly published by Enoch, 



Gras, Durand, Brandus, Lemoine, etc., the most im- 
portant is her tk Balltt Oriental ", which, has "been 
frequently played at the Theatre National de V Opera. 

Christ (Fanny). German composer and zither player. 
Published a number of compositions for this instru- 
ment 

ChuppJn (Emma). French writer; born at Caen, 1810. 
Published a number of works on music, among which 
may be mentioned one on " Norman Music '\ 

Cianchettlni (Veronica). Bohemian composer and tal- 
ented pianist. Bom at Czaslau, 1779 ; died at Lon- 
don, 1833, She was a sister of J. L. Dussek, the cele- 
brated pianist and composer. Received an excellent 
musical education from her father, and played with 
success in public at quite an early age. Scarcely 
eighteen years old she settled at London, where she 
married in 1797 Francesco Cianchettini, a well-known 
musician. Her compositions consist of several Piano 
Concertos, Sonatas, and other miscellaneous works 
for the piano. 

Clbbini (Katherina). German composer ; born at Vienna, 
1793 ; daughter of the celebrated composer and Impe- 
rial Chapelmaster Leopold Kozeluch, who was her first 
teacher, finishing her studies with Muzio Clementi. 

She was a most talented pianist, and her composi- 
tions s showing considerable merit, consist of : Intro- 
duction and Variations in E, Impromtu in E, Marche 
and Trio, six Valses, etc. Also a Grand Trio for two 
pianos and cello, op. 10 *' La Rimembranza". 

They are all highly spoken of by critics and the 
press. She died at Vienna, 1858. 

Clarlbel \ see Bainard). 

Clarke (Jane). English musician and organist. Pub- 
lished at London, iSoS, *" Select portions of Psalms 
and Hymns, adapted to music, as sung at Oxford 
diaper'. 

3S 



Clarke (Jessie Murray}. English writer and vocal teacher. 
Authoress of **Hovr to Excel in Singing,** London, 
1884 ; also various songs. 

Clarke (Mary Cowden). English writer; "born at Lon- 
don, 1809. Daughter of Vincent Xovello, the com- 
poser and publisher. ZMrs. Clarke compiled the 
famous <k Shakespeare Concordance"; wrote novels 
and poetry ; edited* an edition of Shakespeare, and is 
trie authoress of an interesting biographical work, 
'"Life and Labours of Vincent Xovello ", London, 
1864. Translated a number of important works on 
musical history, and published an autobiographical 
sketch , " My long lift- '\ London, 1896. 

Clayton (Eleanor Creathorne ; married name llrs. Need- 
ham;. Irish -writer and novelist ; born Dublin r 1832. 
Has published lt Queens of Song'% being memoirs of 
some of the most celebrated female vocalists who have 
appeared on the lyric stage from the earliest davs of 
opera to the present time. 2 vols., published at Lon- 
don, 1863. 

Clausz-Szarvady (Wilhelmine). Bohemian pianist, bom 
at Prague Dec. 13, 1834. One of the foremost lady 
pianists of our time, resident of Paris. Her interpre- 
tations of the great masters is considered among the 
finest. 

She has arranged and edited a number of classical 
works in a very creditable manner* Her own com- 
positions are few, mainly for the piano. 

Clement (Mary,). German composer, born at Stettin 
iS6i, pupil of Prof. Stern, Gemsheim and Radecke, 
Berlin. Her compositions consist of a sonata for 
piano and violin, and a number of songs and piano 
pieces, that are well spoken of by Max Bnich, Less- 
mann and others. 

Coates (Kathleen Kyle). American writer of piano music. 
39 



Coccia (Maria Rosa). Italian composer, born at Rome 
! 759. She was an excellent and talented musician and 
famous as a contrapuntist. Scarcely 15 years old, she 
passed most successfully a very critical examination, 
admitting her to the post of chapelmaster. 

A biographical work was published at Rome in 
1780 entitled, **Elogio storico della Signora Maria 
Rosa Coccia, Roman a, maestro publica di capella, 
Accademica Filarmonica di Bologna, etc.", which 
contains, beside other valuable material, a number of 
important letters by Padre Martini, Metastasio and 
Carlo Broshi. Her writings consist of church com- 
positions, a treatise on harmony, etc. 

Co I bran (Isabella Angela). Celebrated Spanish vocalist ; 
born at Madrid, Feb. 2, 1785. An excellent contralto 
singer, first wife of Rossini, who wrote for her the 
operas " Elisabetta " , lt Cenerentola", and " Barbie r 
He St'figlia **, She is the composer of a number of 
Italian songs and other vocal compositions. Her 
death occurred at Bologna, Oct. 7, 1845. 

Cole (Charlotte), Contemporary English vocalist and 
composer of a number of pleasing songs and ballads. 

Collett (Sophia Dobson). English composer of church 
music. Bora in London, 1822 ; died March 27, 1894. 
The author of a number of part-songs and other vocal 
music. 

Collin iHelene). French, contemporary composer, pupil 
of Lecouppey and Rety. An excellent pianist ; writer 
of a number of melodious piano pieces, published by 
GniSj Paris. 

Co Hi net (Clara). American contemporary composer of 
songs and sacred music (Send out thy light, etc. j. 

Collins (Laura Sedgwick). American composer, pupil of 
Dvorak. Wrote the dramatic scena for soprano and 
baritone "JStifiyj/iwn"; various songs (TVhere art 
40 



than, Foolish, little maiden, etc. j; music to Ci Pitrrvt", 

and compositions for violin and piano. 

Conrot (Alice,. French musician and writer. Author of 
the work, **Ahrege' de rhistoire de la musiqueet des 
principaux compositeurs " % published by Lajoj'e-Tis- 
sot, 1876. 

Contin (Mme.}. Italian composer, of whom Artaria, 
Vienna, published ** Variations " fur piano with string 
accompaniment, and other works. 

Cook i Catherine^. Song writer. 

Cook i^ Eliza). English poetess and song writer ; bom at 
London, 1818. Regular contributor to the literary 
magazines of her day ; was given a literary pension in 
1864. Her compositions, consisting of a number of 
pleasing ballads, have met \\ith considerable favor. 
She is the author of the words of main" of the most pop- 
ular ballads by Blackly, Dempster, Glover and others. 

Cooke ; t Edith;. English writer of a number of pleasing 
songs, among which may be mentioned : In thv 
presence, The broken story, Two marionettes, The 
King's jester, etc. 

Coombs (Mary AVoodhull^. American song writer (Lam- 
entation, The secret, "With thee, etc. ) 

Correr (Countess Ida;,. Italian contemporary composer, 
resident of Padua. Is the author of the three-act 
opera "11 Grundoliem'\ frequently performed in her 
native city. 

Cozzolani ^Chiara Margarita;. Italian composer. Lived 
during the first half of the ijth century as a Sister at 
the Convent of St. Radegonda, Milan. Her composi- 
tions consist of: t4 Primavera di fieri musicali'% for 

1, 2, 3 and 4 voices, Milan, 1640; s *Motetti", for i, 

2, 3 and 4 voices, Venice, 1642; "Scherzi di sacra 
melodia", Venice, 1648; 4t Salmi"', for S voices; 
and 4i Concertate '', con motetti e dialoghi, for 2, 3^ 4 
and 5 voices, Venice, 1650. 

41 



Crament (J. Maude). English composer of a number of 

songs (Endymion, Spells, Love's seasons, etc.). 

Crane j Helen CJ. American composer of piano music 
^ Novelettes op. 3, Spring song, etc t ). 

Crane I' Julie EttieL Principal of the Crane Normal In- 
stitute, Potsdam, X. Y. An excellent and successful 
teacher. Author of a valuable little * ' Music Teacher's 
Manual "', for the use of teachers in public schools. 

Crawford (Alethea B.) American writer, who in colabo- 
ration with Alice Chapin has published a collection of 
4 'Letters from Great Musicians to Young People", 
Series I and II. 

Crawford ( Rebecca X American writer, sister of Alethea. 
Author cf the interesting little volumes: "Musicians 
in Rhyme for childhoodtime", "Musical Messages' ' 
and 4k Musical Encouragements'*. 

Cretl ( Mariana de Rocchis). Italian composer and harp- 
player, of whom the following works appear in print: 
op. 5 Duetto for flute, cello and harp; op. S Terzetto, 
for piano and harp; op, r Rondo brillante, for 2 harps; 
op. 6 La tnia letizia, for harp and violin; op. 7 Lucre- 
zia, for harp and violin; op. 13 Emani, for 2 harps; 
also a number of harp solos (op. 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, n, 12, 
16, 17, 18, etc.) 

Crown IngshieSd (Mrs. Mary Bradford). American com- 
poser of songs. (There is a land mine eye hath seen; 
Thy heart shall know me, etc.) Also carols and 
other church music. 

Cyman (Harriet Johanna Louise). Danish musician, 
born at Copenhagen , Dec 26, 1851. An excellent pia- 
nist, one of Neupert's most talented pupils, created in 
her country a decided sensation by her skill, and is 
considered to be one of the foremost pianists of the 
present time. Author of a number of piano pieces. 

Curtis (Emilie Christina). American contemporary musi- 
cian and writer. Bom at Boston, Mass., living at 
42 



Xew York, daughter of George Tickner Curtis. 
Author of "Children's Voices: How harmed and 
how helped"; a series of "'Rote Songs 1 *; and in 
colaboration with Dr. H. R. Palmer has edited and 
published the u Palmer-Curtis Series of Sight Read- 
ing Music Books for Public Schools ". 

Curwen (Mrs., born Annie Jessy Gregg). A native of 
Dublin, where her father practised as a solicitot. She 
was an ardent admirer of the Tonic Sol-fa system* 
which she applied in principle to pianoforte teaching. 
Author of "The Child Pianist", London, 1866, a 
work extensively used and adopted. 

Czanyi (real name Mrs. Alois Schmitt, wife of "the cele- 
brated musician). German composer of songs: 
Deep in my heart ; Stars are "brightly beaming, etc. 

Dacier (Anne). French writer; died at Paris, 1721. 
Among her numerous writings, a dissertation on the 
flutes of the ancients, inserted in her edition of 
* 4 Terence ", deserves special menti* >n. 

Da hi (Emma). Banish composer and talented singer ; 
bom at Plon, April 6, 1819. Her compositions con- 
sist of a number of pretty songs, published at Stock- 
holm, Christiania and Copenhagen, and a set of vocal 
studies. 

Dam eke (Louise). German contemporary composer. 
"Writer of a number of piano compositions of a pleas- 
ing character (op. I Nocturne, op. 5 Zigeuner Caprice, 
etc.). 

Damoreau (Laura Cinti, nee Montalant.) French singer 
and composer. Bom at Paris, Feb. 6, 1801 ; died 
there Feb. 25, 1863. "Was considered one of the great- 
est singers of her time. Rossini wrote for her the 
principal female parts in the il Sitge de Corinth J \ and 
4t 3/oi>t"; and Auber those in "Domino JTozr"* 
'*rAjiibfi88(idrice'" > and i Ztinefbi " 
In 1834 she was appointed Professor of Singing at 



the Paris Conservatoire ; this position she resigned in 
1856, and retired to Chantilly, where she died (1863). 

Cinti-Damoreau published a nmnber of songs (Le 
Depart, rOublie, la Religeuse, etc.), and an excellent 

and popular "Methode de Chant", which she dedi- 
cated to her numerous pupils. Her daughter married 
Mr. Weckerlin, the learned musician. 

Danzlger (Laura). American composer ; pupil of Gerns- 
heim and Bussler. Wrote a Sonata for cello and 
piano, and various piano compositions (Mazurka, In 
the Spring, Gypsy Life, etc.) 

Davies (Llewela). Welch contemporary composer ; bom 
at Brecon, South Wales. Pupil of Macfarren. Her 
compositions comprise three Sketches for orchestra, a 
Quartet for strings, various songs, etc. A Sonata in 
E, for violin and piano, which is highly praised by 
critics, was successfully performed at the Musical 
Artists* Society, London, March, 1894. 

Miss Davies gained admission to the R. A. M., xSSy, 
by winning the John Thomas Scholarship. While 
pupil of said academy she took, among other prizes, 
the Macfarren Scholarship, 1892 ; the Lucas Medal, 
1894, for composition ; and the Medal of the Worship- 
ful Company of Musicians, 1893. 

Davis i^liss). English writer of songs : Footsteps of 
angels, Xight hymn at sea. When Spring unlocks the 
flowers, etc. Also a number of sacred songs and 
duets. 

Davis (Mrs. Gabriel, born Marianne Davis). English 
composer, who died at Littlemore, Oxford, July 18, 
iSSS. Wrote a large number of part-songs and songs, 

Becker (Pauline vonV German contemporary composer. 
Among her works may be mentioned : Op. 5 Duet 
for two sopranos, ten songs op. 6-15, and two duets 
for soprano and alto, op. 17. 

44 



Dedekam (Sophie). Danish composer. A number of lier 

songs are published by Hansen ? of Copenhagen. 

Delchmann (Julie;. German composer of songs: 
Gruncilos ; "Was blelbt ; Meerfrau ; etc.). 

Delaval (Madame). A French harpist, and composer of 
a cantata entitled, "Les Adieux de rinfortune' Louis 
XVI. a son peuple", which was repeatedly performed 
with success at London, 1794. Published harp music 
and a number of French songs. 

Dell* Aqua (Eva). Contemporary Italian composer, 
daughter of the distinguished painter Cesare Dell' 
Aqua, who has long resided at Brussels. Eva Dell* 
Aqua has published a number of songs that are very 
popular, such as " Villanelle". Some of her other 
meritorious songs are : Pourquol rever ; Yirelai ; 
Chazel ; Menuet ; Reproche ; Quand Mexne ; etc. 

Her operetta *' La Jj'icktlifte "* was receiver! with 
exceptional favor at the Theatre des Galeries Sainte 
Hubert, Brussels. _ A comic opera "" T*vttboiif Itpttct'ut " 
is to be performed shortly. 

Dejazet .[Hennine]', daughter of the celebrated actress 
Bejazet, has written a one act operetta " Le Z>i<tMe 
F'jsc *\ which was performed for the first time at 
Paris, 1859. 

Demar (Theresa). French composer; bora at Paris t 
1801. An excellent harp player, pupil of F. Xader- 
mann, the celebrated harpist. She has published 
between thirty and forty compositions for the harp. 

Derheimer (Cecile\ French composer, who died at 
Paris, Aug. 5, 1896, and at one time celebrated as a 
soprano singer, was a talented writer of Masses and 
music for the organ. 

Dick f Edith A.) English composer of a number of pretty 
songs f Sweet slumber, When daffodils unfold, etc.). 
Also various piano pieces. 

45 



Dickson (Ellen). English composer. Bom at Wool- 
wich, 1819 ; died at Lyndhurst, England, July 4, 1878. 

Under the norn-de-plum of "Dolores", Miss Dick- 
son has published a large number of songs that have 
acquired a considerable amount of popularity in their 
day, and some of them are even now en vogue. 

Among these may be mentioned : All yesterday I 
was spinning, Destiny, Tell her not, The land of long 
ago, Unchanged. Her most popular song is her brook 
song " Clear and cool IJ . 

Dietrich (Amalia). German composer ; born at Dresden, 
May 2, 1838. Talented pianist, who played in public 
when only eight }-ears old. Published a number of 
piano pieces and songs (Schneeglockcheii, etc.). 

DiSIer (Angela;. American composer and pianist ; pupil 
of MacDowell. Author of a number of songs and 
piano piecs (Gigue in B, etc.). 

Dolby (see Sainton-Dolby). 

Dolores (see Dickson). 

Donalds (Belle). American composer of piano music 
and songs (My love, bonny bride, etc.). 

Donaldson (Elizabeth). Contemporary writer of instru- 
mental and vocal music (Can I forget, and various 
other songs). 

Draper (Mrs. J. T.). American contemporary composer 
of songs and sacred music : There is a fold whence 
none can stray, The shadows of the evening hour, 
Just as I am, Magnificat, Deum Laudamus, etc. 

Drelfuss (Henrietta). German contemporary composer 
(op. i eight songs, op. 2 six songs, Russian song, etc.). 

Driefaurg (Louise von). German composer, who has pub- 
lished : op. i and 2 six songs, op. 5 six songs for 
soprano, Huldigungslied, etc. 

Dychambge (Pauline). French composer ; bom at Mar- 
tinique, 1778. Removing to Paris, where she took up 
her residence, her salon was a meeting place for all 

46 



musical celebrities during the first twenty }'ears of 
the century. As a writer of romances and chansons 
she had a great reputation, more than 300 being pub- 
lished, some of which (1'Ange guardien ; Penses-tu 
que ce soit aimer, etc. ) were made very popular by 
the singer Xourit. 

Duff . Miss G. S.,. American contemporary writer. Au- 
thor of the kk Story of Major C "\ a little work on har- 
mony for children In the form of a story. 

Dufferin (Lady Helen Selina;, wife of Lord Dnffeiin. 
Born In Ireland, 1807 ; died June 15, 1867. She Is the 
composer of a set of ten songs and two duets (1833;'; 
also sets of twelve and seven songs (1833-39;, anf ^ ten 
songs for contralto (iS6i s. Of her songs, *' Lament 
of the Irish emigrant " and " Dublin Bay " are widely 
known. 

Duhan (Madame}. French writer and composer, of whom 
Dnfant & Dnbois, Paris, publish several methods and 
a number of instrumental pieces, such as Rondos, 
Variations, and other instructive works. 

Duport (Marie). Russian composer; "bom at Dorpat, 
Livonia. Published a nnmber of piano compositions. 

Dyrarid de Fontrnagne v 'Mad. la Baronnej. Talented 
amateur French, musician. Author of "Bianfv T<>- 
rtllv '\ lt Fvllu'X d'AiiUMr " and "iVIilylh '\ that have 
been successfully performed at Antwerp and other 
cities. 

Duschek (Josefina, nee Hambacher]. Celebrated singer. 
Bom at Prague, 1756, and died there at an advanced 
age. Her husband taught her music and she became 
a good pianist and fair composer, her works consist- 
ing of a number of songs and piano pieces. She was 
a true and sympathising friend of Mozart, and it was 
through her partisanship, and enthusiastic admiration 
of his opera " "Figaro "\ that the downfall of the in- 
trigues against its first representation at Vienna, and 

47 



Its brilliant reception at Prague, Oct. 14, 1787, was 
secured. Mozart wrote for her the concert aria " Bella 
mia fiamma ", and she was the first to sing in public 
Beethoven's 4l Ah perfido ". 

Dussek (Sophia> Born at Edinburgh, 1775 ; daughter 
of Domenico Corri, an eminent Italian teacher. In- 
structed by her father, she at a very early age per- 
formed in public. In 1788 the family removed to 
London, where in 1792 she married J. L. Dussek, the 
celebrated pianist and composer, under whose instruc- 
tion she became an able pianist and harpist. Pub- 
lished many pieces for piano and harp. 
Dussek (Olivia). {'See Buckley;. 
Dussek (Veronica;. (See Cianchettini). 
Duvaf Ollle.; Was a singer at the Grand Opera, Paris, 
and in great repute about the year 1720. Wrote the 
music to the ballet * k Les Gfnit#''\ which was per- 
formed at the Grand Opera, 1736. This was the first 
work by a female composer to be performed at this 
conservative institution. Also the author of a vocal 
instruction book : "Methode agreable et utile pour 
apprendre facilement a chanter juste et avec gout,. 
etc. , Paris, 1741. Madame Diival died at Paris, 1769. 
Eastlake (Lady Elizabeth;. English writer. Born iSi6 ; 
died 1852. Author of "Music and the Art of 
Dress", London, 1852. 

Eaton (Frances;. English composer of ' k The Fire Slave '% 
cantata for chorus, soli and piano, and various other 
works. 

El I Ico tt (Rosalind Frances). English composer, daughter 
of the Bishop of Gloucester, Born at Cambridge Nov. 
14, 1857. Writer of two Piano Trios, in D and G ; 
Quartet in F. a Sonata in D and other compositions ; 
also music for cello, piano pieces and vocal compo- 
sitions. Of her various Cantatas, the ; ! Birth of Sony, ' * 
for Soli, chorus and orchestra, was performed with 

4S 



great success at the Gloucester Musical Festival 1892, 
, the soprano solo being sung by Madame Xordlca. 

Also wrote the cantata Ct Elysium ", for soli, chorus 
and orchestra (Gloucester Festival, 1889), and ss Henri/ 
of yiivarre", for men's voices, 1894; various part- 
songs, duets, songSj etc. 

Among her other important works may be men- 
tioned : Dramatic overture for orchestra (Gloucester, 
iSS6 ; Crystal Palace, 1891 ; etc.); Concert overture 
(St. James' Hall, i8S6j ; Festival overture (Cheltenham 
Festival, 1893); Fantasia in A minor for piano and 
orchestra (Gloucester Festival, 1895). 

Her compositions have secured her an honorable 
place among women composers. 

Erdmannsdoerfer * Pauline, nee Fichtner). German com- 
poser ; born at Vienna,, June 28, 1847. Excellent 
pianist, pupil of Liszt. Played with great success in 
public, and was appointed Court pianist to the Grand 
Duke of Weiinar. Married in 1874 to Max Erdmanns- 
rloerier, the well-known composer and Kapellmeister. 
Published a number of piano pieces and songs (Braut- 
lied, Tiirkische Ijebeslieder, etc.). Also ' 4 Zwei Fan- 
tasiestiicke ** for violin and piano. 

Eschborn (Nina). German composer and excellent harp 
player. Is the author of : Alpenlieder, Valse Es~ 
pagnole, etc., for voice and piano ; several vocal 
duets, and a number of compositions for the harp. 

Esta brook (G ). American contemporary composer of 
over forty songs, published by various music houses. 
Also writer of an operetta, " T?tJou#t, or tke Tuurna- 

Hit hf " 

Eversofe (Rose 31.). American song writer. 

Evans (May GarrettsorO, of the Peabody Graduates 
School of Music, Baltimore, lid., is the author of 
44 Musical Subjects for Examinations and Review 
Lessons' 1 . 

49 



Fa fa re Olarie). Fench contemporary composer of piano 
music (Slouches et Paplllons, Reponds Moi, etc. j. 

Fahrbach (Henrietta). German composer; daughter of 
the well-known dance composer, Fahrbach. Pub- 
lished quite a number of compositions, among which, 
may lie mentioned : Op. 7 Idylle, op. 9 Reverie, op. 
ir Characterstiick, op. 12 Idylle, op. 50 three songs, 
etc. 

Fa 1st (Clara). German composer of a number of songs : 
Altdeutsches Lied, \Viegenlied, Viel tausend Bliim- 
lein, Xngeborgs Lied, etc. 

Fare (Florence). English writer of a number of popular 
dances. 

Farley (Marion). American composer of songs (Xight 
Song, Coming of the Song, To a Rose, etc.). 

Farrenc (Jeanne Louise, maiden name Dumont). French 
composer ; born at Paris, May 31, 1804. Pupil of 
Reicha (harmony), and Moscheles and Hummel 
(piano). One of the most remarkable and talented 
female composers of her century. At an early age 
she composed both for the orchestra and piano, and 
after studying harmony with Reicha, published num- 
erous compositions of sterling merit. Schumann in 
reviewing her Variations op. 17 was so impressed with 
their excellency that he at first doubted their being 
her own unassisted work. 

Her two Symphonies and three Overtures for full 
orchestra, as well as several of her more important 
compositions, have been frequently performed in 
public. 

Several of her works for chamber music were 
awarded prizes offered by the Academic des Beaux 
Arts, Paris. Her series of piano studies *' I/Bcole du 
Pianist", are well known and highly valued by 
teachers. 

50 



A list of her compositions is as follows : Two 

Symphonies for large orchestra ; three Overtures for 
orchestra ; a Xonet and Sextet for strings; two Quin- 
tets (op. 30, 31), for piano, violin, alto, cello and bass ; 
several Trios for piano, violin and cello ; a Trio for 
piano, clarinet and cello, op. 44 ; a Trio for piano, 
flute and cello, op. 45 ; several Sonatas (op. 37, 39), 
and other pieces for violin and piano ; various Sona- 
tas for cello and piano ; a number of piano solo com- 
positions, as well as for 4 hands, and various songs. 
The following works are for flute and piano : Opus 
15, 1 6, 19, 20, 21 and 22. 

Farrenc is the editor and compiler of " Le Tresor 
d9 PianiBtes ", a remarkable collection of ancient and 
modern piano music, published in 20 parts by I^educ 
of Paris, from 1861-1872. 

This real anthology of music contains the chef*' 
iTiknire of all the classical masters of the clavecin 
and piano from the i6th century down to Weber and 
Chopin, as well as more modern works of the highest 
value. The collection will always remain a most 
remarkable and valuable work. 

She has also published the highly valuable compila- 
tion, ** Traite des Abbreviations, employes par les 
Clavecinistes du XYH et XVIII Siecles ", reviewing 
the works of Bull, Byrd^ Orlando Gibbons, Paradies, 
Purcell, Rameau, Schwanenberg, Zipoldi, etc. 

In 1873 she retired on a State pension ; and died at 
Paris, Sept. 15, 1875. Her daughter 
Farrenc (Victorine Louise), who was born at Paris, Feb. 
23, 1826, showed similar remarkable talent as her 
mother, of whom she was a pupil. She appeared 
with great success as pianist at Paris and Brussels,, 
and is the composer of a number of meritorious songs 
and piano pieces. She died, after a lingering illness 
of twelve years, at Paris, Jan. 3, 1859. 



Fay f Amy). American musician and author of "Music 
Stud}* in Germany '% an interesting, gossipy work on 
music life in Germany. The "book has passed through 
several editions. 

Fechner (Pauline). Polish contemporary composer and 
talented pianist. Published quite a number of piano 
pieces, among which may be named: Op. 7 Valse 
brill ; op. S Caprice ; Reverie, etc. 

Felsenthal (Amalie). German composer ; bora at Iser- 
lohn, 1841. Has published a number of piano pieces, 
but is best known by her excellent children songs, of 
which op. S and 9, a set of fifty have been translated 
and published as i4 Dorothy's Songs " (London). 
Ferrari (Carlotta). Italian composer; born at Lodi, Jan. 
27, 1837. Pupil of Mazzucato, Strepponi and Pozzini 
at the Milan Conservatory. Talented writer of dra- 
matic music. 

Her fust opera, " Ugo*\ was finished in 1857, but 
such were the objections to her sex by the various 
managers to whom she presented her work that, in 
order to secure its public performance, she was obliged 
to pay the entire expense of the first performance^ 
which occurred at the Santa Radagonda Theatre, 
Milan, July 24, 1857. The opera scored an emphatic 
and complete success, and from that time on man- 
agers were only to happy to secure any of her works. 
Her second opera, "Sofia" (first performance at 
Milan, iS66), was equally successful, having a continu- 
ous run of several weeks ; as did likewise her third 
opera, "Eleanor* (TAbored^ (Milan, 1871). 

A fine Grand Mass, written for the Cathedral of 
Xodi, iS6S, procured for her the government commis- 
sion to write a Requiem for the anniversary of the 
death of King Charles Albert (performed successfully 
at Turin, July 22, 1868). She was likewise comrnis- 
52 



sioned to write a Cantata in honor of the visit of a 

Roman Deputation at Turin. 

Besides the above "works, Farrari has published a 
number of songs and part-songs, among which are a 
number in Canon form, of which she is said to be one 
of the greatest masters. They consist of "Six Canons*' 
for three voices and piano, '"Twelve Canons' 1 for three 
voices, published by Breitkopf & Hartel, and ''Six: 
Melodies in Canon form", published by Ricordi. Pou- 
gin speaks of her talent as remarkable. 

Ferrari fGabriella). Talented contemporary French com- 
poser, pupil of Ketten, Dubois and Gounod. Wrote 
a number of orchestral works (Suites Symphoniques, 
etc.), various piano pieces (Rhapsodic Espagnole, 
Papillons, Menuet Louis XXV etc.), and a number of 
songs f A une fiancee; Sous bois; La songe du poete; 
rAimee). Also a comic opera "Le Demur awtoirr" t 
which was performed for the first time at the Theatre 
Mondain, June n, 1895. 

FIchtner, see Erdmannsdoerfer. 

Fitzgerald (Lady Edward]; is the author of a number of 
pretty songs f I remember how my childhood fleeted 
by, etc.) 

Fletcher (Alice C.) Assistant in American Ethnology, 
Peabody Museum, Harvard University. Author of 
a very interesting article on U A study of Omaha In- 
dian music", published "with numerous music illustra- 
tions. 

Flower (Eliza). English composer and poetess. Bom 
Harlow, April 19, 1803; died Bee. 12, 1846. Published 
"Musical illustrations of the Waverly Novels' \ 
London 1831, which displays considerable imagination 
and talent. Also a number of other works of a similar 
character. Of her various part-songs, <4 Xow pray we 
for our country'" is greatly admired. A set of "Hymns 

53 



and Anthems' 1 * were written for service at Finsbiiry 
Chapel, London. 

Ftotow (Martha von). Daughter of the opera composer 
Flotow (^MtirtJia^, "Stradellfi", etc.) has written a 

number of pleasing songs, published by Sulzbach > 
Berlin. 

Foa (Eugenia). French writer, author of the work "Les 
PetifsJlfasii'iaius" 1 , Paris, 1840, which contains biogra- 
phical notices of Palestrina, Michael Lambert, Tar- 
tini, Joseph Haydn; Xaumann and Mozart. 

Fodor (Josephine Mainviell) the celebrated vocalist, bom 
at Paris 1793, is the author of the work: '^Reflexions 
et Conseils surl'art du chant 11 . Paris, Perrotin 1857. 

FoSvIlIe (Juliette). Belgian composer and gifted violinist, 
bom at Liege, January 6, 1870. Composed a set of 
orchestral suites (Scenes Champetre, Scenes d'Hiver, 
etc.), a Violin concerto and other compositions of 
merit. Her opera "AtaliC* was performed at Lille, 
1892, with considerable success. 

Fortcy (Mary Comber). English contemporary pianist 
and composer, author of 4 *How to teach the piano- 
forte to young beginners**, London, 1883, and writer 
of a number of songs (Castles in Spain; Going to 
sleep; etc.) 

Fortmague (Baroness de). Composer of an opera il Bi 
a it fa TV r ilia* \ which was produced at Touloiise > 
France 1897. 

Fowles (Margaret F.) Contemporary English pianist, 
organist and conductor of the Ryde (Isle-of-AVight) 
Choral Union, the concerts of which she conducted 
for twenty years, retiring in 1894. Author of a number 
of anthems, and hymn tunes, also of several songs. 

Frankel (Gisela). German contemporary composer. Pub- 
lished a. t 'Bt)cfi3ite7tymnt'' 1 '' for mixed chorus and a . 
number of piano compositions (Romanze, Gavotte, 
Kocturne, etc.) 

54 



Francois (Emmy von). German composer. Writer of 
marciies for military band, and various piano com- 
positions, 

Frazer (Mrs. Allan H.). Contemporary song writer 
(Cupid in the garden, Hush thee, etc. 

Freud en berg (Frl. von). German writer. Published in 
17283 at Leipzig, a theoretical work, fct Kurze Anfneh- 
nmg zum Generalbass ". A second edition was 
printed 1733, a third 1744, and a fourth, revised, 1752. 

Fricker (Anne). English composer and poetess ; bom 
about 1820. Writer of many pleasing songs, of which 
** Fading away " first brought her into notice. Among 
her other songs may be mentioned: A Harvest Hymn, 
Angel of peace, Regret, Autumn breezes, Phyllis fair, 
etc. 

Frugoni (Bertha'. Italian composer, of whom Ricordl 
publishes a number of piano compositions. 

Gabriel |_Mary Ann Virginia]. English composer. Bom 
at Banstead, Feb. 7, 1825 ; died at London , Aug. 7, 
1877, from the effects of a carriage accident. Her 
teachers were Pixis, Dohler, Thalberg and Molique.. 
Wrote a number of cantatas, of which the best known, 
are : 6 ' E vangeline ' \ ct Dreamland ' * , and * * Grazi- 
ella"; and the operettas " Widow's Beicitcfted" (had 
a long run in 1867), ** Grass Wid<nc&*\ " SfapJierd of 
C'ornoicaflh**'', " Wlt&'s tJte Hdr"\ and **J. Mainy 
Day ". Also a number of part-songs and piano 
pieces." Miss Gabriel is best known by her numerous 
and tuneful songs, of which : "When sparrows build. 
Ruby, Parted, \Veary, and several others have had a 
world-wide reputation. 

Gade (Margaret). English song \rriter. Of her songs 
the best known are ie Forgotten ", and tl When hearts 
grow old ". 

Gail-Garre (Edme Sophie). French dramatic composer. 
Bom at Paris, 1775 ; died there, 1819. Talented 

55 



writer of several operas, of which her first, " Les dtnz 
Monx*\ opera comique, was successfully performed 
at Paris, 1813 ; and another, " Angela* 1 > was written 
with the colaboration of Boieldieu. Two other operas 
are: "Mile, de Lautwy'\ opera comique (first per- 
formance Theatre Feyden, 1813); and " La Jleprise " 
(iSiSj. Her last opera, "La Serenade", scored a 
great success at Paris, iSiS. 

She is the author of the well-known barcarolle 
" O Pescator delTonda' 1 , and of a number of pretty 
songs ( ki Votis qui priez, priez pour moi ", very popu- 
lar;; also part-songs and piano pieces. 

Gallois (Mine. Phillippej. French contemporary com- 
poser. Published a number of songs and piano 
pieces. Several Ballets have been frequently played 
by the Paris theatres. 

Gal Son I ^ Adolf a). Italian composer of vocal and instru- 
mental music, and author of the opera, *'/ quattra 



Garcia de Beriot (see Malibranj. 

Gaschin-Rosenberg (Countess Fanny > German com- 
poser ; bom at Thorn, iSiS. Excellent pianist, pupil 
of Liszt, Thalberg and Henselt ; created a sensation 
by her excellent and brilliant playing. Her composi- 
tions consist of a number of piano pieces, among 
which may be mentioned a very popular lt Reverie "; 
also op. 9 Charme brise, op. lu Poeme Harmonique, 
op. ii Bourrasque musicale, etc. 

Gates ( Alice Avery,. American writer of so"gs (Bitter 
sweet, June slumber, etc. ;. 

Gay i Marie SopMe). French composer. Born at Paris, 
1 776 ; died there, 1852. Talented pianist, and writer of 
a number of piano compositions and several cantatas. 

Gaynor (Jessie L. ). American composer; born at St. 
Louis, Ho. , of Scotch and American parentage. Tal- 
ented pupil of Louis Maas, with whom she studied 

56 



piano, theory and harmony. Mrs. Gaynor's songs 
are bright ancl appeal to those who appreciate whole- 
some sentiment without mawkish nonsense. Among 
her compositions are an 4 * Album of Seven Songs '% 
" Rose Song Collection ", etc. 

In addition to songs s Mrs. Gaynor has written piano 
music, quartets for male and female voices, etc. 
Cfefger t Constanzej. German composer ; daughter of 
Joseph Geig-r, the composer of the opera "Wlit*t<t'"; 
bom at Vienna, 1836. Appeared as an infant prodigy 
In public, giving piano recitals while scarcely 6 years 
old, creating quite a sensation b\ T her playing. 

Of her published works, consisting of vocal and in- 
strumental compositions, the following deserve men- 
tion ; Op. 4 Ave Maria, for soprano solo, chorus and 
organ ; op. 6 Duettino for tenor and bass with piano ; 
op, 5, S and 9 a series of waltzes ; op. 15 Romanize, 
and a set of Xocturnes. 

Genlis i Countess Stephanie Feiicite -. French composer* 
born at Cliampcerie 1746, died 1.^30. A very talented 
amateur, playing with rare skill a numl>er of instru- 
ments. Author of a method for the harp, and a num- 
ber of compositions for the harp and other instru- 
ments. 

Germain (Sophie). French writer, born at Paris 1776, 
died 1831. Was an eminent mathematician, and has 
written several valuable works on the laws of vibra- 
tion and kindred subjects. 

Gibson (Louisa-. English writer, born in London 1833. 
Author of 4t A First Book on the Theory of Music, 
applied to the Pianoforte," London, 6th edition, 1876 ; 
and a number of songs. 

Glgooux i, Mile.;. French contemporary composer of tal- 
ent, her most important work being u La Vision fie 
Jeanne d'Arc", scene lyrique, which was first per- 
formed in 1890. 

57 



Gizycka-Zamoyska (Countess Ludmilla). Hungarian 
composer, bom at Tyrnau, residing at Vienna. Pupil 
of Nottebolmi, Heuberger and Robert Fuchs. Her 
compositions, frequently pla\-ed in public, consist in 
part of : Op. I Polish Melodies, op. 2 Eight Songs, 
op. 3 Three Serenades, op. 10 Sarabande and Gavotte, 
op. ii Ballade Polonaise, op. 12 Petite Valse, op, 18 
Roccoco Gavotte, and a number of songs. 
Gleason (Mary \V.). Songwriter. 

Glen (Annie). Born of English parents at Agra, India, 
Aug. 14, 1859. An excellent musician, and author of 
4 'How to Accompany", an interesting little work; 
and tl Music in its Social Aspect". 

Glover (Sarah A. j. English musician and teacher. Bom 
at Norwich, 1785 ; died at Mai vern, Oct. 20, 1867. 
She invented the Tonic Sol-fa system of musical nota- 
tion, which Curwen afterwards modified and changed 
until its present form was reached. 

Although no doubt the success of the system is due 
to Curwen's constant labors in its cause, credit must 
be given Miss Glover for inventing a system which is 
"beyond doubt the one most satisfactory to the teacher 
who has large numbers of pupils to deal with. She 
published u A Manual of the Xorwit h Sol-fa System " 
(1845), and u Manual containing a Development of 
the Tetrachordal System "*, London, 1850. 

The system was awarded a prize of honor at the 
"Grand contours orpheonique" at the World's Fair, 
Paris, 1867. 

Goddard (Arabella), the celebrated pianist, was born of 
English parents at St. Servan, near St. Malo, Brit- 
tany, Jan. 12, 1836. At the age of four she performed 
in public, and at six -received instruction from Kalk- 
brenner. For several years she studied piano with 
J, \V. Davison (whom she married in 1860) and Thal- 
"berg, and harmony with G. A. Macfarren. In 1854-5 

58 



she made a concert tour in Germany, playing at the 

Gewandhaus concerts, Leipzig, Jan. n, 1855. She 
published a Ballade, and some piano pieces. 

Goerres (Maria Vespemiannj. German contemporary 
composer of vocal and instrumental music. Of her 
printed works may be mentioned : Op. 3 Sacred 
songs, with organ obligate ; op. 5 four hand pieces ; 
op. S Aus den Bergen. 

Goetze (Augustej. Celebrated vocalist and teacher. Bom 
at Weimar, Germany, 1840 ; daughter of the eminent 
vocal teacher, Franz Goetze. She -was considered one 
of the finest singers of Lieder in Germany. In 1875 
she started an opera school at Dresden, which, was 
highly successful and has attained a wide reputation, 
among her pupils being von Kotzebne, Fann3* Moran- 
Olden, and other celebrities. Beside teaching, she 
lias devoted considerable time to composition, and her 
operas 4 * Susntihn Munf&rt", ** VittoriAccoramljoni"', 
** Jlagdtthhti ", and ''Elite Hti//ifaJirt*\ have been 
performed in a number of cities. She has likewise 
published a set of vocal studies, a Vocal Method, and 
a number of songs. 

Gollenhofer-Huller -Josephine). German composer and 
harp-player. Published various compositions for the 
harp (Monologs to " Bride of Messina" 1 , to * 4 Bride of 
Orleans", etc.). 

Good eve (Mrs. Arthur ). English contemporary writer of 
songs and ballads I If thou must love me, Donald 
Graeme, In the silver years, Fiddle and I, etc.). 

Goodwin (Amina Beatrice ). English writer and pianist ; 
bora at Manchester. Pupil of Reinecke and I^iszt, 
and author of *"" Practical Hints on the Technique and 
Touch of Pianoforte Playing", 1892. Also various 
piano compositions. 

Gossfer i Clara von). German composer, of whom a num- 
ber of piano pieces and songs are printed at I^eipzig. 

59 



Cougelet (Madame). French composer of the latter part 
of the iSth century, living at Paris. Published " l Une 
llethode ou Abrege des regies d'accompagnement du 
clavecin*', Paris, 1771. 

Grab (Isabella von). German composer. Author of op. 
I Denx Marche fnnebre ; op. 2 Impromtu, op. 3 
Dramatisches FantasiebM, op. 4 Songs without 
words, etc. 

Grabowska (Countess Clementine). Polish composer. 
Bom at Posen, 1771 ; died at Paris. Author of a num- 
ber of piano compositions, among them a Sonata op. 
2. Also a number of very characteristic Polonaises. 

Craever (Madeleine). Dutch pianist and composer ; born 
in Amsterdam, 1830. Pupil of Bertelsmann, Moscheles 
and Litolff. Concertized with success in England, 
France, Holland and Germany, and resided during 
1861 in New York. Appointed in 1863 Court pianist 
to the Queen of Belgium. Her compositions are 
mostly for the piano (la Ronde des Fan tomes, le 
Reveil des Printemps, 1'Attente, etc.). 

Cratiam (Maria). Scottish -writer, author of "A few 
words on the formation of the major and minor scales, 
in a letter to her pupils '\ London, 1852. 

Crandval (Maria Felice Clemence de Reiset, Vicomtesse 
de). French composer ; born at the Chateau de la 
Cour-de-Bois, France, Jan. 21, 1830. Dramatic writer 
of great ability, pupil of Flotow and Saint-Saens, te- 
ceived also for a time some instruction from Chopin. 
Mme. de Grandval is undoubtedly one of the foremost 
female composers of our time, her works, embracing 
all forms of composition, show a wealth of harmony, 
a knowledge of effects, truly marvelous. Particularly 
her church compositions are considered among the 
best f modem writers. 

Of her compositions, deserving special mention, are 
60 



the operas : '*" Le Sou de Ltee " (first performance at 
the Bouffe Parisiennes, Paris, 1859); " Le* fiancees de 
Rosa " (Theatre Lyrlque, 1863); ''La Gomfes&a Eta '* 
(Baden-Baden, 1864!; '* La Penitente" (Paris, 1868); 
and tf Piccolino"' (Theatre Italien, 1869). Another 
opera is called e * Le BonclUr de Dinm<tnt*\ and her 
last one, '*" llazeppft *\ In 4 -acts, was first performed 
with snccess at Bordeaux, April, 1892. 

A lyric scene, "La Fret~\ for soli, chorus and 
orchestra, received its first hearing at the Salle Yenta- 
dour, Paris, 1875. 

Her church compositions consist of Mass No. I , for 
three solo voices, chorus and orchestra (first perform- 
ance at the Atheneum, Paris, April I, 1867); Mass 
No, 2, for soli, chorus and orchestra ( first representa- 
tion at the Paris Conservatory); the Oratorios <4 Sainte 
Agnes" ''Concert Spirituel, Paris, April 13, 1876, and 
Nimes, 1902;; and kfc La Fille de Jaire " (won the Ros- 
sini prize , a Stabat Plater for soli, choms and orches- 
tra, containing a very fine ** March, to Calvary 1T and 
a beautiful 4t juxta Cnicem", was received most 
enthusiastically "by critics at Its first representation, 
April, 1870. 

She has likewise written a 4t Pater Xoster**, for 
soprano, piano and organ; several ** O Salutaris'% 
and various other church compositions (Benedictus 
3 voices, organ and piano; Gratias, 2 voices; etc.). 

Of orchestral and concerted music may be men- 
tioned : An Overture for grand orchestra ; *' Esquis- 
ses symphoniques " for orchestra (first performance 
by Colonne at the Concerts Populaires, March S, 
iS74 ; Trio Xo. i, op. 7, for piano, violin and cello ; 
a Sonata op. S for violin and piano ; a Suite for flute 
and piano ; a Concertino and several other works for 
violin and piano ; also a number of piano pieces 
(Xoctumes I. and IL, etc.). 
61 



Her vocal compositions consist of t4 Jeanne D'Arc '% 
grand seen a, for alto voice with piano and organ ; an 
"Album of Songs"; ts Les Lucioles*', reverie for 
mezzo soprano, violin solo, piano and organ ; and 
various songs and duets (Chanson d'Autrefois, SI 
j'etais Dieu, Rapelle Toi, etc.). 

Hippolyte Buffenoir lias published a biography : 
"Madame de Grandval" (Paris, Mirabeauj. 

ray (Louisa ; Mrs. Abingdon Compton), Contemporary 
English amateur composer, whose operetta " Betwtn, 
Two Stooh" has been performed at many places. 
Also composed a number of songs (What an angel 
heard, Evening star, etc.). 

Greene (Edith). English contemporary composer of 
promise. Has written a symphony for orchestra 
which was successfully performed at London, 1895. 
Is also the author of a Sonata for violin and piano, 
and other works of real merit. 

retry (Lucille). French composer ; born at Paris, 1770. 
Daughter of Gretry, the celebrated dramatic writer 
(author of "Richard Coenr da-Lion !1 , etc.). Lucille 
inherited her father's musical talent, whose pupil she 
was. While scarcely sixteen years old her operetta, 
* l Le Marriage d* Antonio", was successfully performed 
at the Comedie-Italienne, 1786. At the same theatre 
another of her operas, ' Toiuettf ef Louis ", was given 
the following year. Unfortunately this talented 
young woman died, after a short illness, in 1794, 
scarcely twenty-four years old. 

Grlebel (Thekla). German contemporary composer. Her 
opera, *' Schoen Karin ", was performed in 1895 at the 
theatre atBreslau, and at Copenhagen, Dec. 9, 1899. 

Griswold (Gertrude). American contemporary composer 
of songs, of which "What the chimney sang " is best 
known. 

62 



Gro (Josephine). American writer of piano music and 
songs (Something more, With shy "brown eyes, La 
Tambourine, etc.). 

Gronan (Minna). (See Brinkmann.) 

Groom (Mrs., ntffltrilkinson). English vocalist and 
composer; dien May, 1867. Writer of a number of 
songs, of which A * Over the Sea M is probably the best 
known. 

Guenln (Mile.). French composer ; born at Amiens, 
1791. Composed at the age of sixteen the music to 
the opera ^'Dap/iufo t Atua/tthea"^, which was greatly 
admired. 

Guerre (Elizabeth Claude Jaqaet de la). French com- 
poser ; born at Paris, 1669. A remarkable fine clave- 
cinist, who, scarcely fifteen years old, created a pro- 
found sensation by her wonderful playing, as well as 
by her meritorious compositions. The opera " Ctpfi- 
ilt it JW/'iV, which she wrote and published in 
1694, was performed at the Royal Academic, Paris. 
Also wrote a number of Cantatas, several books of 
Sonatas, and various other compositions for the clave- 
cin. A fine Te Detrai was performed in 1721 at the 
Louvre during the celebration ceremonies on the 
King's recovery. Died at Paris, 1729. 

Guest (Jeanne Marie). English composer; bom at Bath, 
about 1769. Was the daughter of Ralph Guest, a 
talented organist, who was also her teacher. She has 
written several Concertos (M.S.), a number of pieces 
and voluntaries for the organ, sonatas and other 
works for the piano, and the cantata "The Afflicted 
African ' ' . 

Quid I (Teresa). Italian contemporary composer. Author 
of various operas, ( 44 a yozza di .FiVwnwa" and 



Gunn (Anna, nee Young). English writer and musician. 

Author of the elementary work s " An Instruction to 

63 



Music". A second edition was published at Edin- 
burgh s 1820. 

Gyde (Margaret). English contemporary pianist and 
composer ; born in London. Pupil of "W. C. and G. 

A. Macfarren. Winner of the Sterndale Bennett 

Prize, 1879; Potter Prize, iSSo ; Lady Goldsmid 
Scholarship, iSSi. Her works consist of two violin 

Sonatas (G minor and C minor), piano pieces 
(Scherzo, Tarantella, Irnpromtus, etc.), organ music, 

and a number of songs. 

Haass (Maria Catharina). German composer, writer and 
editor; born at Ottweiler, Feb. 29, 1844. Pupil of 
Friedrich Lnx. She was editor of the juvenile jour- 
nal, "Musikalische Jugendpost", which was con- 
ducted in a most able manner. Her compositions 
consist of a number of piano pieces for 2 and 4 hands, 
duos for harmonium, songs, trios, etc. Of her liter- 
ary works may be mentioned, 4t KLuenstlerleben " and 
44 Musikanten Geschichten ''. 

Habicht (Emma). German writer. Author of u Recol- 
lections of Chopin ' \ v, hich she published under the 
nom-de-plum of Mrs. C. E. EL 

Hackett (Mariaj. English musician. Bom Nov. 14, 1783 ; 
died Hackney, London, Nov. 5, 1874. Author of ** A 
brief account of Cathedral and Collegiate Schools", 
London, 1827; "A popular account of St. Paul's 
Cathedral ", London, 1816 ; and a number of songs. 

Greatly interested in the education of cathedral 
choir boys, and to encourage the composition of 
church music, she founded the Gresham prize medal 
in 1831. 

Haenel de CronenthaS (Marquiese Louise Auguste de). 
Talented French amateur ; bom 1839. Pupil of 
Staznaty, Franchomme and Demersemann. Her 
works consist of : 4 symphonies. 22 sonatas, a string 
quartet, a "Romance dramatique" for cello and 
64 



piano, a number of piano compositions, and the opera 
t( La Nuit d'epreuve", which was performed with 
success at the Paris Exposition, 1867, and is remark- 
able on account of the numerous original Chinese 
melodies introduced therein. A gold medal was 
awarded by the Exposition for this work. 

Hale (Mrs. Irene), American composer. Songs : Five 
little white heads, Mystery, We'll go no more a-rov- 
ing, etc. Published a number of piano compositions 
under the nom-de-plum " Victor Rene 7 ". 

Ham brock (Mathilde). German composer. The follow- 
ing compositions appear in print : Op. ,6 two songs, 
op. ii a set of four hand pieces, op. 12 three pieces 
for violin and piano, etc. 

Kama n (Elizabeth). Song writer (Barbara Fritchie, etc.). 

Hammer (Marie von). American composer ; daughter of 
Albert H. Wood, well-known at one time as composer 
and pianist. Many of her songs (Good night ; A fair, 
good man ; Gonclellied ; etc.) have been favorably 
received. Wrote a Romanza for cello and piano, etc. 

Handley (Dephine). (See Schauroth.) 

d* Hardelot (Guy ; Mrs. Rhodes). Contemporary French 
composer ; residing at London. Author of a number 
of songs, which, combining French lightness and ele- 
gance of style with the naivete' of theBnglish ballad, 
are great favorites with the celebrated singer, Mme. 
Calve". 

Of her best known may be named : Avec Toi, Sans 
Toi, Chanson de ma vie, La fermiere, Invocation, 
Serenade, Sous les branches, Mignon, Say yes, Valse 
des libellules, etc. Also an operetta, " ElU et Lnie'\ 

Hardy (Mrs. Charles S.). American writer of songs : A 
child's complaint, Fir tree, A Song, etc. 

Harraden (Ethel). English contemporary composer, 
sister of the novelist, is the author of the opera " The 
Taboo " (produced with some success at the Trafalgar 

65 



Square Theatre, London, 1895), the operetta is $1* 

Lttst Chance", and the" cantata "Pearl" for treble 
voices. Also several violin compositions, and various 
choruses and songs. 
Harrison (Annie Fortescue), wife of Lord Arthur Hill. 

English writer of songs, of which the song "In the 
gloaming " and "We meet again " attained consider- 
able popularity ; and her operettas, " The Ferry Girl'"" 

(1883), and " The Lost Husband" (1884) were both 
!>erformed at London. 

Hat-land (Lizzie). English contemporary composer. Her 
dramatic cantata "Coeur de Lion" was performed 
at West Bromwich, Feb., iSSS. Has likewise written 
a cantata for female voices, * { Queen of the Roses ' ' ; 
many songs, part-songs, and piano compositions. 

Heale (H .) English composer ; born London, Feb. 
14, 1855. Author of several cantatas ("Epithala- 
mion ", " Watersprite ", etc.), and numerous choruses 
for female voices, and songs ; a Piano Method, various 
piano and violin compositions, and compiler of a 
" Class Singing Book ". 

Heckscher (Celeste D.). American composer, who has 
published a number of songs (Serenade, Gypsy Lul- 
laby, Why I love thee, etc.), as well as piano music. 

Heldenreich (Henrietta). German composer of a num- 
ber of violin compositions (op. 2 Duo concertante, op. 
3 Duo brillant, etc. 

Helm-Brehm (Matilde). German composer. Author of 
instructive pieces for the violin and piano. 

Heinke (Ottilie). German contemporary composer, bom 
at Breslau and living at Berlin. Composer of a num- 
ber of charming characteristic piano pieces of merit 
(op. 12 Kiudermasjkenball, op. 16 Xine pieces in dance 
form, etc.). Also two Romances op. 17 for cello and 
piano. 

66 



Helnslus (Clara;. German composer, bom at Berlin, 
1801. Pupil of Rungenhagen. A number of her 

* * Lieder mid Balladen ' ' were published in 1819. Died 
at Berlin, Maxell n, 1823, 

fieitmann (Mathilde). German composer of songs (op. 
3 Sixteen Children Songs, etc.;; also a number of 
vocal studies, of which, op. 2 Is a set of 4t 21 Melodic 
Solfeggios*". 

Heller s Ottilie). German composer of songs fRitters- 
ah'chied,Sehnsucht,F::cherbraut 1 etc.). Also a num- 
"her of piano pieces of a medium grade. 

Hendrlch-Merta (Marie}. German composer; "born at 
Salzburg, Oct. 7, 1852. Talented musician, who lias 
written a Trio for violin, cello and piano ; also piano 
music and songs i Exidlich. doch, Grnss } Gnte Xacht). 

Henn (Angelica i. German composer ; bom at Pforzheim, 
Talented pupil of Kalliwoda. Her most important 
works are the opera 4 * Dit Ihi#c *:*/ L&tthfm "\ and a 

* * Mlsm So If in a i* " * . Published a number of songs and 
instrumental pieces. 

Hensel (Ottavia). Author of k * The Khinegold Triology ' ' , 
the musical novel 4i Imperia ", and 4% Life and Letters 
of L. 31. Gottschalk". 

Hensel (Fanny Cecilia), the eldest child of the Mendels- 
sohn family, was bom at Hamburg, Nov. 14, 1805, 
and died at Berlin, 3Iay 17, 1847. She was a pupil of 
Berger, and became a brilliant pianist, of whom Men- 
delssohn, who "was tenderly attached to her, fre- 
quently spoke of as ll being a better player than him- 
self ". Her most important work is a Trio in D f op. 
u, for violin, cello and piano, which was published 
after her death. She excelled In songs and piano 
pieces, several of ivhich were published under her 
brother's name, namely, Xos. 2, 3 and 12 of opus 8; 
and Xos. 7, 10 and 12 of opus 9. 
She also wrote several choruses to Goethe's "Faust" 

67 



and other part-songs, various songs and a number of 
piano compositions, of which opus 2, 4, 5, 6 and S are 
41 Songs without Words '*. 

Fanny Hansel's death, like that of her famous 
brother, was sudden ; and it is far from unlikely that 
both were due, in greater or less measure, to the same 
cause overstrain of mental powers in early life. 

Heritte-Viardot (Louise Pauline Marie), daughter of the 
celebrated singer Yiardot Garcia, and niece of Mali- 
bran and Manuel Garcia, 

.This talented woman was bom at Paris, Dec. 14, 
1841, and from her youth was reared in a musical 
atmosphere. At 21 she married a Mr. Heritte, French 
Consul at the Cape of Good Hope, where she settled 
for a time. Returning to Europe, she was appointed 
to a professorship at the Imperial Conservatory at St. 
Petersburg, lemaining there for four years. The 
climate not agreeing, she returned to Paris, devoting 
her entire time to composition and teaching. In 
iS86 she settled at Berlin, conducting an opera school 
of singing with great success. Of her compositions 
the following deserve mention: the operas: '"Btifhus 
Ftd *\ and "Lirulorv" (performed at Weimar 1879); 
a cantata ** Wonne cles Himmels " for soli, chorus and 
orchestra; three Quartets for piano, violin, alto and 
cello ; four Quartets for strings ; the cantata ' " Die 
Bajadere" for chorus and orchestra; a Sonata for 
two pianos ; 2 piano trios ; a set of 40 Vocalises, vari- 
ous part songs, and a number of songs for one voice 
(Die dunklen Wolken, Jager's Abendlied ; Nun ruht 
und schlummert Alles, Das Reh, etc.). 

_Hertz (Hedwig). German composer, writer of a number 
, of small choruses, songs and piano pieces. 

Herzogenberg (Elizabeth von). German composer, wife 
of the talented composer Heinrich von Herzogenberg. 
6S 



Has published a number of piano compositions 
(Rieter-Biedermaxm , publisher; . 

Heuberger (Jenny). German vocalist and teacher, bom 
at tassel, July 13, 1831, is the author of a number of 
songs (Morgenstaendchea, etc.) 

Hill \LadyArfhiir). (See Annie Harrison). 

Hill (Mildred J.). American song writer, born Louisville, 
Ky. (Perfect day. Apart, 3Iy star, Love's paradise, 
Smiles and frowns, To Aathea, a Sleep song, etc.) 

HInrichs (Marie), wife of Robert Franz, the eminent Ger- 
man song writer, was a composer of songs of consid- 
erable ability (Bu welker Domenstrauch, Ihr Bild, 
Eine alte Kunde, etc.). Born 1828 ; died at Halle, 
May 5, 1891. 

Hodges (Faustina Hasse). American composer, who died 
Feb., i $95, was the daughter of the well-known 
organist Edward Hodges, and herself an organist of 
ability. Of her song u Rose Bush.'", a favorite of 
Adelaide Phillips, the celebrated singer, over 100,000 
copies were sold. Her compositions consist of church, 
music, piano pieces and songs. 

Holland (Caroline). English, conductor and composer of 
some tuneful part-songs. She has also written the 
cantata u Miss Kilmansegg M , produced 1883, and the 
choral ballad "After the Skirmish ", for chorus and 
orchestra, 1896. 

Holm berg (Mine. Betty). Norwegian composer. Author 
of a fine ** Suite 1 ' for violin and piano ? beside other 
violin compositions. 

Holmes (Auguste). This talented lady was born 1850, at 
Versailles, of Irish parents. A more highly endowed 
woman can scarcely be found; a beautiful singer, 
artistic pianist, writer of excellent poetry, and a 
recognized musical composer of high. rank.. She is a 
pupil of Saint-Saens and Cesar Frank, and considered 
one of the foremost female composers of France, 

69 



Of her various operas " Hero ef Leanclre " received 

a flattering reception at its first performance, 1874. 
Two other successful operas are: " Astarte'" and 
" La nc dot du Lac ' '. Her last opera * * Let Foret Soir ' *, 

which she brought out 1895, was rather a disappoint- 
ment, not comparing with her former works, partly 
due to the weak libretto. 

Her most important works are her orchestral com- 
positions, consisting of the Suites : a Irlande ", " Les 
Argonautes % 1 , " Pologne ' \ u Laudus pro Patria ' ' , 
"TAndante Pastorale n , and the overture to 4 'Hero 
and Leandre ". These are frequently performed in 
public. Her most recent work is a symphonic poem, 
4 * Andromede ' '. Then there is an " Ode Triumph- 
ale", which achieved an immense success at its first 
performance at the Paris Exhibition, 1889 ; also the 
beautiful Psalm "In Dixit", for chorus and orches- 
tra. In consequence of the indifference against the 
works of woman composers, her earlier compositions 
were published under the nom- de-plum of "Herman 
Zenta" 1 . 

Of her vocal compositions of importance may be 
mentioned the cantata " Vision de la Reine" 1 with 
recitative, chorus, divine voices, harp, cellos, etc.; 
and the Aria with orchestral accompaniment, ' * Une 
Vision de St. Therese ". 

Miss Holmes has written a number of pretty songs, 
of which there may be mentioned : Chemin du Ciel, 
Chanson du Page, T Amour, la Princesse, Mignonne, 
Hymn a Eros, Serenade Printanierre, Kypris, Hymn 
a Venus, vocation, etc. 

Holmes (Mary). Author of "A few words about music", 
Icondon, 1851. Composer of Songs without Words 
for Piano, 1850. 

Hood (Helen). American composer; born at Chelsea, 
Mass., June 28, 1863. Pupil of J. C. D. Parker, Paine 
70 



and Cliadwick In harmony, and Lang and P. Scliar- 
wenka, piano. Her most Important work is a Trio 
for violin, cello and piano, the first probably com- 
posed by an American woman. 

Her songs contain such perfect geins as Disappoint- 
ment, the Violet, CornishLullaby, Shepherdess, Mess- 
age of the Rose, etc. 

Miss Hood lias also published two Suites of violin 
and piano pieces (op. 6 and 10). For her compositions 
3IIss Hood received a Diploma and lledal from the 
World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago. 

Hopekirk (Mrs. Helen), the talented English pianist, 
was born near Edinburgh. Studied several years at 
the Leipzig Conservatory of Music, and with Le- 
schetizky, making her debut at the Gewandhaus Con- 
cert at Leipzig, Nov. 2$, 1878. She has written a 
large number of songs : Under the still "white stars 
i prize song,', A Face, Love Lyric,, Two Scotch songs 
etc. , and various piano compositions. 

Her most important work is a ** Concertstiick ** for 
piano and orchestra, produced by the composer at 
Henschel's Concert, Edinburgh, Nov. 19, 1594. Several 
orchestral works, and a Violin Sonata are still M.S. 

Horrocks (Amy Elsie). Pianist and composer. Bom of 
Brittish parents, at Rio-Gran de-de-Sul, Brazil, Feb. 
25, 1867. Entered London R, A. il. iSS2. Won the 
Potter Exhibition Prize iSSS, and the Bennett Prize 
1889. Her works consist of: A Cello Sonata in G> 
op. 7 ; Variations for piano and strings, op. 1 1 ; 
Legend 4< I'm line" for orchestra, op. 16 i yneen's 
Hall, Feb. 6, 1897}; Incidental music to '* An Idyll of 
Xew Year's Eve 15 (Chelsea, Jan., 1890); the dramatic 
cantatas "The wild Swan", 44 The \Yind *\ and 
"Spring Morning"; two Fairy Songs op. 15 for 
soprano solo, female chorus with, string, harp and 
triangle accompaniment. Also a number of popular 

71 



songs and duets (Bird and the Rose, Ashes of Roses, 
April Showers, etc.); several piano compositions (op, 
1 6 Mazurka, Boat Song, etc.), and various violin 
pieces. 

Hortense (Eugenie de Beauhamais, Queen of Holland). 
Born Paris, April 10, 1783; died Viiy, Oct. 5, 1837. 
She was a pupil of Plantade, and author of the once 
popular national French air " Partant pour le Syrie '% 
although the composer Drouet claims the music as 
his own. A num"ber of Hortense's songs were pub- 
lished in album form at Paris. 

d'Hovorst (Mme. Gouban). Hungarian composer, of 
whom Haslinger, Vienna, published a Sonata in A 
flat, for 2 pianos, and several other compositions. 

Huber (Nanette). German writer, and composer of piano 
music (op. 5 Variations for 4 hands, etc.). 

Hudson (3Iary). English composer of the last century, 
was organist at St. Olaves and St. Gregory's churches, 
London, from 1790-1801. She is the author of a num- 
ber of hymns and other church music. Died at Lon- 
don, March 28, 1801. 

Hughes (Mrs. F. J.). English writer, author of tl Har- 
monies of Tones and Colours developed by Evolu- 
tion ", illustrated, and published at London 1883, 
Appendix 1885. 

Hyndt (Aline). German composer, bom 1849, wa $ one of 
the most talented pupils of Liszt. Her Symphonv in 
G minor, the first performance of which she conducted 
personally at Berlin 1871, scored a most decided 
success. 

She has written a " March for Grand Orchestra "; 
41 Champagnerlied " for tenor solo, male chorus and 
orchestra; <4 Traumgestalten" op. 6 for viola and 
piano ; " Capriccio a la Hongrolse "op. 12 for violin 
and piano ; several male choruses and various songs 
and piano pieces, This talented woman, whose future 
72 



seemed most promising, unfortunately died at the 
early age of 24, about 1873. 

Hunt (Mrs. Elaine). English writer, author of "Obser- 
vations on the Vocal Shake", with examples and 
exercises. 

Hunt (Gertrude). Song writer (further notices wanting). 

Hunter (Mrs. John, nee Anne Home). Born at Greenlaw, 
England, 1742 ; died London, March 7, 1821. A 
talented amateur composer and poetess. She wrote 
the words for Haydn's Twelve Canzonettas, the first 
of which Haydn dedicated to her. Writer of a num- 
ber of songs, of which ' ' I/ady Anne Bothwell's I^a- 
ment ' ' is the best known. 

Invcrarity (BHza). Scottish vocalist and composer. Born 
at Edinburgh, March, 1813 ; died at Newcastle-on- 
Tyne, 1846. Public singer of some note in her days, 
and composer of a number of tuneful ballads. 

Jacques (Charlotte). French pianiste and composer, of 
whom an operetta in I act, called " La Veillee", was 
performed at the Theatre Dejazet, Paris, during De- 
cember, 1862. 

Jaeli-Trautermann (Marie). French composer, and wife 
of the celebrated pianist Alfred Jaell. She was born 
at Steinseltz, near Weissenburg, Alsace, 1846 ; and 
died at Paris, 1895. Jaell-Trautermann was an excel- 
lent pianist, pupil of Henri Herz at the Paris Conserv- 
atory, where she gained in 1862 the first prize in the 
piano class. 

Of her compositions the best known are : An ex- 
cellent piano method, "I^es toucher nouveaux Prin- 
cipes Klementaires pour VEnseignement du Piano ", 
in 3 vols. , published by Heugel, Paris. 

This work has made quite a stir in musical circles 
in France, and occasioned considerable controversy. 
Of her other important works there may be named, a 
Piano Concerto with orchestra, a Piano Quartet, 

73 



several "Waltzes for 4 Hands, and a number of melo- 
dious Salon-pieces. 

An interesting study is her work " La musique et 
la Psychophysiologie * 1 published by Alcan, Paris. 

Janina (Olga, Countess de). Russian contemporary pian- 
ist, pupil of Liszt. Residing at Paris as a popular 
teacher and pianist, and writer of piano music, works 
of fiction, etc. 

Janotha (Nathalie). Polish composer and pianist, born 
at Warsaw June S, 1856. Pupil of Clara Schumann, 
and of Prof. F. \Veber (Cologne) Piano, and \Volde- 
mar Bargiel, Harmony. Received a Diploma from, 
the St. Cecilia Academy at Rome, and was elected 
an Honorary Member of the Academies at Cracow, 
London and Rome. Her compositions consist of a 
number of piano pieces and songs. 

Japha (Louise). German composer, bom at Hamburg 
Feb. 2, 1826. She married 1858, F. \V. Langhans, 
the eminent music critic and writer. Mrs. Langhans 
is a pupil of Robert Schumann, and well known as 
an excellent pianist, "** 

Her compositions consist of several string Quartets, 
a number of songs, and various pieces for piano. In 
manuscript a Piano Trio, various choral works, and 
an unfinished opera. 

Jenks (Maud E.)- Composer of sacred music, songs and 
piano pieces. 

Jewell (Lucina). American composer, pupil of the N. E. 
Conservatory, Boston. Author of the songs : Arbor 
vitae, the Mermaiden, Crossing the Bar, Proposal, 
etc. Also " Introduction and Fugue 1J for the organ, 
and other works. 

Jewel! (Althea Grant). American composer of songs, 
etc. (In a Gondola). 

Jones (Mrs. Mary Cadwalladar). American writer. Au- 
thor of "The Education of the Blind in Music". 

74 



Jordan (Mrs., .bom Bora Bland). Actress, singer and 
composer. Bom near \Vaterford, 1762 ; died at St. 
Cloud, near Paris, July 3, iSiS. Of her various songs, 
4t Blue Bells of Scotland ", composed iSoo, lias "become 
famous. 

Joyce (Florence Buckingham). American song writer 
(Little Boy Blue, The Dream Tree, etc.). 

Kalnerstorfer (Clotilda), German contemporary church, 
composer, her works being all of a high order of 
merit. The following deserve particular mention : 
Op. 17 4l Maxienbild", for soprano and alto, with. 
organ obligate* ; op. 32 "O Sanctissima ' \ for voice 
and organ; op. 40 " Adoratio Salvatoris", hymn, for 
alto voice and organ ; op. 51 ** Salve Regina*^, for 6 
part chorus and organ ; op. 39 44 Bittruf *\ for chorus 
and organ. 

Kalkhbf (Laura von). German contemporary composer. 
Published a Duo for violin and piano, and various 
piano works. 

Kanzlcr (Josephine). German composer ; "born at Tolz, 
1780. A very talented pianist and an excellent stu- 
dent of counterpoint and musical literature, her 
teacher "being the famous Abbe Vogler. She is the 
author of two Quartets for piano, violin, alto and 
cello ; several Sonatas and other piano compositions,, 
a number of songs, and a treatise on harmony. 

Kauth (Madame, nee Graff). Talented writer of piano 
music, living during the latter part of the ifcith cent- 
ury at Berlin. A number of her compositions were 
published at Berlin, and one of her piano concertos 
was a great favorite with Johann Bemh. Hummel, 
who frequently played the same with great success at 
his concerts. 

Keddie (Henrietta Sarah Tytler). Scottish novelist and 
writer ; born at Cupar, Fife, March 4, 1827. Author 

75 



of " Musical composers and their works ", publlslied 
at London 1875, a second edition being printed 1877. 
Kellogg (Clara Louise), the famous American prima donna. 

Has contributed various articles on music to maga- 
zines and newspapeis, among which ma3 r be men- 
tioned a paper on tv Japanese Music " in the Century 
magazine. 

ICembfe (Adelaide ; Mrs. Sartoris j, Bnglish singer ; born 
1814; died August, 1879. Author of a number of 
vocal compositions. 

Kercado (Mile. Le Senechal de). French composer. An 
operetta, "La Jleprise tvlimtaire ", was performed at 
the Paris Opera-Comique, June 5, 1805. 

Kern (Louise). German composer of a number of pre- 
tentious works (Grand Trio op. 36, for violin, organ 
and piano ; Fantasie op. 39 for violin, harmonium 
and piano etc. j. 

SCerr (Mrs. Alexander). English song writer (first half of 
the last century). Composed a number of ballads and 
part-songs, to which she wrote the words. A collec- 
tion of her songs were published at London, 1835. 

Mlndscher (Emilie Marie Louise). German writer ; bom 
at Dessau, May 28, 1830. Author of a number of 
musical novels and essays. 

Kin kef \ Johanna Matthieux). German composer. Born 
at Bonn, June S, 1810 ; died at London, Nov. 15, 1858. 
Wife of the poet Gottfried Kinkel. She was an excel- 
lent pianist, pupil of C. Buhner, Berlin, and a highly 
educated lady. Of her writings "Letters on Piano 
Playing", published by Cotta in 1852, are very inter- 
esting. Her musical works consist of the operetta 
" Otto dtr Scltutz ", a " Bird Cantata '% various songs 
and piano pieces, and a number of part-songs for 
male voices, of which *' Knights Farewell" has prob- 
ably been sung the world over. 
76 



Klrkmann (Mrs. Joseph). English author of "A Practi- 
cal Analysis of the Elementary Principles of Har- 
mony ", published at London, 1845, In quarto. 

Kleoze (Irene von). German composer, and writer of a 
number of songs, published by Bote & Bock, Berlin, 

Kletzlnsky (Adele). Polish composer. Published various 
songs, piano pieces and concerted music (op. 34 Bar- 
carolle, for violin and piano, etc.). 

Knapp (Mrs. Joseph F. } American composer of songs : 
A happy joyous life, The bird carol, Open the gates, 
etc. 

Knowlton (Fanny Snow), American composer of songs, 
of which may be named : There, little girl don't 
cry ; Last night I heard a bird singing ; etc, 

Mohary \ Countess Marie de/. Hungarian composer and 
pianist. Writer of various piano compositions, of 
which * * 5 Sonatas for the Piano * ' deserve special 
mention. 

Komorowska (Countess Stephanie). Russian composer. 
The publisher, j. Reyher, of Mitau, has printed the 
following compositions : *'Pensee fugitive 1 ', tl An- 
dante", several sonatas for piano, and a number of 
songs. 

Eonnerltz { Minna von). German composer. Wrote a 
considerable amount of vocal and instrumental music, 
her opus numbers exceeding loo. A series of pretty 
duets op. 96 and 97 are published by Kistner, I^eipzig. 

Kortig (Marie). German composer. Bom at Lobau, Sax- 
ony ; died very young at Dresden, Her song " Ich. 
hab in Traum geweint M is very pretty, the music 
being beautifully adapted to the words. More than 
fifty of her songs and piano pieces are published. 

Horn (Clara D. } American contemporary composer. 
Pupil of Bruno O. ELlein and C C. Mnller. Works 
consist of piano compositions^ songs, two Orchestral 



Suites (No. i Ancient Dances, Xo. 2 Rural Snap- 
shots), a Violin Suite op. 10, etc, 

Kotzebue (Molly von). Bmlnent German singer and 
vocal teacher; born at Reval, 1830. Author of a 
vocal method " Lehrbuch der Gesangskunst ", pub- 
lished by Senff. 

Kraehmer (Caroline), German composer; born atStokesh, 
Dec. 17, 1794. Studied at first the violin, but later on 
devoted her studies to the clarionet, on which she 
attained sucli a virtuosity as to enable her to give 
concerts with great success. She has written a num- 
ber of compositions for clarionet and piano that were 
published by Diabelli, Vienna. 

Kralike (Mathilde von). Contemporary German com- 
poser. A Trio in F, for violin, cello and piano, has 
been published by the firm of Gutman, Vienna. 

Krause (Anna). German composer, of whom we find 
the following vocal compositions published : Op. 5 
Five Songs, op. 6 and 7 "Gesange", op. 8 li Drei 
Lieder", etc.). 

Krlnitz (Madame de). French writer. Under the nom- 
de-plum "Camile Selden " she published in 1867 
"la Musique en Allemagne", which contains a num- 
ber of original letters, and a biography of Mendels- 
sohn ; also the musical novel " Daniel Vlady ". 

Krtise (Louise). Author of an excellent, simple Harmony 
Method, published by Otto Junne. 

Ktichenmeister (see Rudersdorf). 

Murzbock (Magdalene von). Talented amateur pianist at 
Vienna during the latter part of the iSth century. 
Wrote a number of piano compositions and songs. 
Haydn has dedicated to her one of his Sonatas. 

JL L (nom-de-plum of Mrs. Rudolph Lehmann, mother 
of Liza Lehmann-Bedford). Composer of numerous 
songs and arrangements. 

78 



tacerda (Bemarda Ferrelra dej. Portugese writer of 
great renown and a fine linguist. Bom 1595, at 
Porto ; died 1644. Her reputation was so great that 
King PMllippe II. of Spain made her oilers to take 
charge of the education of his children. Tills honor 
she declined, preferring to devote all laer time to her 
studies and researches. A number of her manuscript 
musical compositions and writings on music are pre- 
served at the Royal Library, Madrid. 
Lago (X J. Contemporary Swedish composer. Pub- 
lished a num"ber of piano and violin compositions, 
songs, etc. A Cantata for soli, chorus and piano was 
awarded a prize at Copenhagen. 

Laguerrc (Elizabeth Claude de . French composer and 
cymbalist. Born at Paris, 1669 ; died there, June 27, 
1729, She was famous for her talent of improvising, 
and frequently played at court, King Louis XIV. 
being a great admirer of her playing. Her works 
consist of the opera "" Ctpk^lt it Pfirrix " {performed 
at Paris, 1694^, a Te Deum for grand chorus, per- 
formed at the Chapel du Louvre on the celebration of 
the recover}- from sickness of the King. Also several 
collections of cantatas, sonatas, and various other 
compositions. 

La Hyc (Louise Genevieve). French composer, pianist 
and professor of harmony at the Paris Conservatory ; 
bom at Charenton, March S, 1810. She was a grand- 
niece of the French savant Jean Jacques Rousseau. 
Entering the Paris Conservator}* as a pupil when 
scarcely eleven years old, she obtained in iS26 the 
second prize in the organ class, and the following 
year the first. 

Of her compositions the most important are : a 
dramatic work ^ Le tfongf eft* ?z Jtrligeutt "\ several 
fine organ compositions, a number of piano solos with 
string accompaniment, a Duo for horn and piano, 

79 



various piano pieces, and a number of songs. Several 
Masses, a Treatise on Harmon}", a Piano and Organ 
method, and various other works remain M.S. Died 
Nov. 17, 1838. 

La Riara (nom-de-plum of Marie Lipsius). German 
writer, "born at Leipzig Dec. 30, 1837. This lad}- holds 
a high rank among German art critics. Her " Mu- 
sikalische Studienkopfe n 3 Vols., have appeared in 
a seventh edition. She has also published a bio- 
graphical sketch of Beethoven, and her " Musikali- 
sche Gedanken-Polyphonie " has been translated 
( 4i Thoughts of Great Musicians;. 

Her other writing's consist of : ki Das Biihnenfest- 
spiel in Bayreuth " ; k l Die Frauen im Tonleben der 
Gegenwart "; '* Klassiches und Romantisches in der 
Tonwelt ". 

Translated Liszt's Life of Chopin, and wrote a 
biographical sketch of lk Pauline Viardot-Garcia ''. 

iamson i k Georgiej. American contemporary composer 
of songs (Only my love ; Twilight Town, etc. . 

iang (Josephine ;. German composer, born at Munich. 
March 14, 1815, died at Tuebingen Dec. 2, iSSo. A 
lady of very remarkable musical gifts and person- 
ality. Mendelssohn who made her acquaintance 
about 1830, and who for some time daily instructed 
her in counterpoint and kindred branches, was deeply 
impressed by her conversation, charming personality 
and musical gifts. An enthusiastic account of her is 
to "be found in his letter dated Oct. 6, 1831, in which, 
he calls her u die kleine Lang ". 

In a letter to Prof. Kostlin, Dec. 15, 1841, he writes : 
" She has a wonderful gift to sing and write songs, 
which I have never met anyone to equal". 

Ferdinand Hiller in his "Tonleben", Vol. II., 
speaks in most flattering terms of her compositions, 
making special mention of opus 12, 14, 34, 36, and 38, 
So 



published there two Concertos for clavecin or piano, 
with the accompaniment of two violins, two hautbois, 
alto and bass. 

lehmann (Liza; married name Mrs, Herbert Bedford). 
Contemporary English singer, and writer of popular 
songs ; born in London. Pupil of Randegger in sing- 
ing, Ravnkilde and Hamish MacCunn in composition. 
Her compositions consist of several Albums of Ger- 
man and English Songs ; several Song Cycles, (" In a 
Persian Garden", rich in passages of exquisite 
beauty, moving pathos and telling vigor), and various 
violin and piano compositions. 

Of her songs the following are best known: 
Titanias Cradle Song, Blind Cupid, Mirage, Come 
dance the Romaika, Irish love song, Endymion, Scena 
for soprano. 

Lcmcke (Anna). German composer; born at Elbing, 
Oct. 4, 1862. Pupil of Robert Schwalm, and the Con- 
servatories at Berlin and Leipzig. Her compositions 
consist of piano pieces and songs (Komm mit, Wie 
man nach einem Stern blickt, etc.). 

Lemmel (Helen Howarth). American contemporary com- 
poser of vocal music (We Two, Two Dandelions, 
Pansy and Dewdrop, etc.). 

Leonardo (Isabella). Italian composer ; born 1641, She 
was the Mother Superior of an Ursuline Convent at 
Novara, and has written a considerable amount of 
church music, of which a number of Motets for I, 2 
and 3 voices, Vespers, and several 4 part Masses with 
string accompaniment have appeared in print. 

lewfng (Adele). German composer and pianist ; born at 
Hanover, now residing in America. Pupil of Lesch- 
etizky and Robert Fuchs. Author of a number of 
songs (Springtime, Love song, Faithfulness, etc. and 
various piano compositions. Her song "Fair Roll- 



Concerto for piano vrith accompaniment of orchestra 

were published by Ben out, Paris). 
Laszlo (Anna Ton). German composer, of whom I find 

the following works as being published : Op. I Fan- 
tasie for cello and piano ; op. 13 Cantilena for violin 
and piano ; op. 8 Ave Maria for French horn, with 
obligato of two violins, alto and bass ; op. 9 Ave 
Maria for soprano, solo and chorus, etc. 

Lawrence (Emily M.). English pianist and composer; 
bom at Rugby, 1854. Pupil of Bennett, Garcia and 
Steggall. Her compositions comprise two cantatas 
for ladies' voices (*' Bonny Kilmeny " and " the Ten 
Virgins ") ; a Violin Sonata in F sharp minor (per- 
formed by the Musical Artists' Society, July, 1882); 
various piano pieces, anthems, vocal duets and songs. 

Leavitt (Josephina). German composer of piano pieces 
and songs. 

Lebeau (Louise Adolpha). German composer; bom at 
Rastatt, April 25, 1850. Pupil of Kalliwoda and Clara 
Schumann (piano), M. E. Sachs and Rheinberger 
(composition and harmony), Mittermayer (violin), 
and Anton Hainzinger (singing). 

Lebeau is without doubt one of the most talented of 
female composers living. Her works, although not 
exceeding op. 40, show such sterling merit and great 
originality, and embrace all forms of composition, 
except the symphony and opera, that she must be 
accorded a place at tlie head of living women com- 
posers. 

Being an excellent pianist, she has frequently per- 
formed her compositions in public, playing with great 
success at Vienna, Berlin, Cologne, Leipzig (Gewand- 
haus concerts), Munich, Frankfort, Stuttgart, etc. 

Of her compositions, the most important are her 
works for chamber music, in which she shows her 
greatest originality, a clearness of thought and inven- 

82 



tion, most refreshing, which have 1>een highly com- 
plimented and spoken of by eminent critics, such as 
Franz Laehner, Jean Becker and others. 

Her beautiful )nartet op. 2 S for piano, violin, alto 
and cello, was performed with great success. Dec. i f 
1883, at a Gewandhaus concert, Leipzig. The cele- 
brated Florentine Quartet Club Jean Becker; fre- 
quently performed it. 

Equally meritorious compositions are : the String 
Quartette op. 34 (2 violins, alto and cello,-, and her 
4 * Concertstiick " op. 24 for cello and piano, for -which 
she was awarded first prizes at a competition at Ham- 
burg, 1882, quite a number of celebrated German 
composers competing. 

Special mention must be made of : the beautiful 
Trio op. 15 for piano, violin and cello ; a fine Cello 
Sonata op. 17, and the Violin Sonata op. 10, all of 
which show great originality, and must "be classed 
among the "best of their kind. 

Her orchestral works consist of a 4k Concert Over- 
ture M op. 23 for grand orchestra, first performed with* 
success at Baden Baden, i&$2, and a Festival over- 
ture ; a Concerto for piano and orchestra (op. 37), 
frequently played in public, and her " Fantasie" op. 
25 for piano and orchestra. The Adagio of the second 
movement of the " Fantasie " contains a most beauti- 
ful Cantilena, which, with its sparkling and "brilliant 
passages, offers an excellent study to concert players, 
The last number contains a vigorous * * Tempo di 
* * Tarantella " movement. 

Of other important works, deserving special men- 
tion , is her beautiful oratorio * Ruth " op. 27, for 
soli, chorus and orchestra, a work that has been per- 
formed with success in most of the large cities of 
Germany, Austria and. Holland. 

The cantata 4% Hadirmotli" J words taken from Sche* 

S3 



fel's Ekkehard, and written for five Soli voices, double 
chorus and large orchestra, is a most remarkable 

work, containing many admirable lyrics and dramatic 
passages, the solos being well written, and the cho- 
ruses very striking, a masterly double chorus deserv- 
ing special mention. 

Of her other works, the following partial list are 
the most important : Op. 3 Theme and Variation for 
piano, op. 8 Sonata for piano, op. 16 two Choral Bal- 
lads for mixed voices, op. 21 six Fugues for piano 
(splendid studies), op. 22 "Im Sangersaal" (Concert 
Aria for bariton or alto, with orchestra accompani- 
ment), op. 26 three Solos for viola and piano, op. 30 
Improvisata for the left hand (excellent concert 
work), op. 32 Gavotte for piano (very pretty), op. 35 
Romance for violin and piano. 

Several of her compositions were selected for per- 
formance at the Chicago World's Fair. 

Leforun (Francesca). German singer and composer, 
daughter of Danzi, the eminent cello player ; born at 

^ Mannheim, 1756. Endowed by nature with a voice 
remarkable alike for its purity and compass, ranging 
as high as F in alt without difficulty. 

Hme. Lebrun, beside being a great singer, was an 
accomplished pianist, and composed well for that in- 
strument. Several Sonatas with violin accompani- 
ment, and Trios for piano, violin and cello, contain- 
ing pretty harmonies and written in musicianly style, 
were published at Offenbach, 1783. 

Lebrun (Sophie), daughter of the preceding, better known 
as Hme. Dulcken, was born at London, June 20, 1781. 
She was a very fine pianist, and made successful con- 
cert tours in France, Italy and Germany. Composed 
a number of Sonatas and other pieces for the piano. 

lechantre (Mile.). French composer and pianist of the 
second half of the iSth century. Lived at Paris, and 

84 



published there two Concertos for clavecin or piano, 
with, the accompaniment of two violins, two hautbois, 

alto and bass. 

lehmann (Liza; married name Mrs. Herbert Bedford). 
Contemporary English singer, and writer of popular 
songs ; "bom in London. Pupil of Randegger in sing- 
ing, Ravnkilde and Hamish MacCimn in composition. 
Her compositions consist of several Albums of Ger- 
man and English Songs ; several Song Cycles, ( 4i In a 
Persian Garden ", rich in passages of exquisite 
"beauty, moving pathos and telling rigor), and various 
violin and piano compositions. 

Of her songs the following are best known : - 
Titanias Cradle Song, Blind Cupid, Mirage, Come 
dance the Romaika, Irish love song, Kndymion, Scena 
for soprano. 

iemcke (Anna). German composer : "born at Elbing s 
Oct. 4, 1862. Pupil of Robert Schwalm, and the Con- 
servatories at Berlin and Leipzig. Her compositions 
consist of piano pieces and songs (Komm mit, Wie 
man nach einem Stem blickt, etc.). 

iemme! (Helen Hogarth). American contemporary com- 
poser of vocal music (We Two, Two Dandelions, 
Pansy and Bewdrop, etc.). 

Leonardo (Isabella). Italian composer ; bom 1641. She 
was the Mother Superior of an "Crsuline Convent at 
Novara, and has written a considerable amount of 
church, music, of which a number of Motets for 1,2 
and 3 voices, Vespers, and several 4 part Classes with. 
string accompaniment have appeared in print. 

Lewi og (Adele). German composer and pianist ; bom at 
Hanover, now residing in America. Pupil of Lesch- 
etizky and Robert Fuchs. Author of a number of 
songs (Springtime, I/jve song, Faithfulness^ etc. and 
various piano compositions. Her song " Fair Roh- 



traut" was awarded first prize in the "Musical 
Record " competition 1899. 

Uebmann (Helene, nee Riese). German composer and 
pianist, was born at Berlin about 1796. Writer of 
several Sonatas, Variations and other works for 
piano, various compositions for Violin and piano- 
(two Sonatas op. 9 and 14, etc.); a Sonata for Cello 
and piano ; several Quartets for Piano Cello, Violin 
and Alto, of which op. 13 in A flat, is published in 
Peters Edition ; two Trios for Piano, Violin and 
Cello, op. ii and 12, both published in the Peters 
Edition, and a number of songs. 

Lil ien (Baroness, Antoinette von). Austrian amateur 
composer, who lived at Vienna the latter part of the 
last century. Several of her works were published 
at Vienna 1799, and were then much spoken of. 

"Lindsay" (M., Mrs. J. Worthington Bliss). Eng- 
lish composer, born at Wimbledon. A highly popu- 
lar composer of ballads, somewhat in the style of 
"Claribel". 

Her songs "The Bridge", and "Home they brought 
her Warrior dead* ' have been very popular. 

LInwood (Mary). English composer, born in Binningham 
JJoS* died at Leicester, March 2, 1845. Composer of 
the Oratorio "David'* First Victory' 9 (London 1840), 
and the manuscript operas *'17te teller iu", and "TJte 
While Wreath'". Also a number of songs, of which. 
4 'Pretty Fairy* 1 was very popular in its time. 

Lips? us, see La Mara. 

Uanover (Lady). Art patroness and writer, bom March 
21, 1802, died Jan. 17, 1896. Revived the ancient glory 
of the Eisteddfod, and was a prize winner herself for 
an essay, at Cardiff, 1834. In colaboration with Miss 
Jane Williams she edited and published a collection 
of Welsh Airs. 

86 



Loder (Kate Fanny). English pianist and composer, 
bom at Bath, Aug. 22, 1:126. Pupil of H. Field am? 

Mrs. L- Andersen. Gained a King's Scholarship 2839. 
Appointed Professor of Harmony, Royal Academy of 
Music in 1844, in which year she played the Adagio 
and Rondo from Mendelsohn's G minor Concerto in 
presence and to the satisfaction of the composer, at a 
concert at Her Majesty Theatre. 

In 1851 she was married to Sir Henry Thompson, 
the eminent surgeon, making her last public appear- 
ance at a concert March 6, 1854. Her compositions 
consist of an opera iT EJlsir <rJi/iiort ',-, an overture for 
orchestra; two string quartets; a Trio for piano, violin 
and cello ; two Sonatas and some studies for the 
piano; a Sonata for violin and piano; organ music, 
and several minor piano pieces and songs. 

Louis (Mme. \ French composer of the 17th century, 
her husband being an attaci.ee of the Polish court. 
She is the author of the operetta "Fli'ir iTE^u^^ 
also of i4 6 Sonatas pour le Clavecin seale", and a 
nninber of songs, of which a collection %l Receuil 
d'Ariettes choisis'" were published at Paris. 

Lowe (Auguste). German Alto singer and composer, torn 
at Berlin 1822. Schumann speaks of her voice in his 
writings. She is the author of a number of German 
songs. 

Lowthlan (Caroline). English contemporary writer of 
popular dance music (Myosotis Waltz, etc.), and 
songs. 

Ludwig (Rosa). German composer of piano music and 
studies (op. 2 **Le Trille et r Octave", Etude pom- 
piano; op. 3 Nocturne, etc.). 

Lynd (Baroness van der). Dutch composer, of whom 
the following works appear in print: op. 2 Auf 
Fluegeln des Gesanges; op. 3 Serenade romantiqtie; 



op. 4 Allegretto grazioso ; op. 5 Arabesque ; op. 7 Mo- 
ment de Tribtesse, etc. 

Wacfarren (Natalia, nee Andreae). Engllsli vocalist and 
teacher, wife of Sir George Alexander Macfarren. the 
eminent musician. She has translated a number of 
Opera libretti, and other works, and edited quite a 
number of the Kovello Editions of partsongs, etc. 

Her own works consist of a 4t Vocal Method", an 
"Elementary Course of Vocalising and Pronouncing 
the English Language'". 

Macfarreri (Mrs. John i, sister-in-law to Sir George 3Xac- 
farren. Born in London June 19, 1824. Talented 
pianist and writer of a number of very popular light 
piano pieces, which, she published under the nom-de- 
plum of * 'Jules Brissac n . Several of these, like * 4 Valse 
le Bravoure" and "Bonnie Scotland'' having a very 
large sale. She died at London, Nov. 9, 1895. 

ilacironi (Clara Angela). English composer, bom at 
London, Jan. 20, 1821, of an ancient and noble Ro- 
man family. Pupil of Ciprian Potter and C. Lucas at 
the Royal Academy of Musicians. Appointed to a 
Professorship at the same, and Associate of Philhar- 
monic Society, London. 

Miss Macironi is one of the test known among Brit- 
ish female com posers , and the merit of her works 
gives her a high place. Her "Suite" for violin and 
piano is ably written. She is the author of a number 
of other meritorious works, but is chiefly known how- 
ever to the general public, by her part-songs (which 
have been sung by 3000 voices at the Crystal Palace 
etc./, anil by her songs, which are great favorites with 
Mine. Sainton Dolby, Santly and others. 

ilacironi has formulated and put in practice an ori- 
ginal system of teaching large numbers of pupils, and 
the success of her method has bees indorsed by such. 



authorities as Sir G. A. IMacfarrcn, Bamby and W. 
31acfarren. 

She has published a large nnuiber of songs and 
part-songs, a partial list is as follows. Songs: An 
Hour with thee ; Daisy's Song ; Dreams ; ^Iy Child; 
Song over a Child ; The Recall ; Take o take, Part- 
songs: Dreams; Cavalry Song; Footsteps of Angels; 
Good morrow to my Iady bright; Who is Sylvia, etc, 

Mackenzie (Miss Grace). American contemporary com- 
poser, author of '"The Helmsman" and other songs. 

HacKinlay (Mrs. ) English writer of songs, f Flowers 
that never die ; Now the parting hour ; Remember 
tliee; Parting, etc. ) 

liaeder (Emily P. ) American writer of the following 
songs: The Robin, Sweetheart sigh no more ; Soft 
and gently through my soul, etc. 

Malcr i Amanda;. Swedish composer, pupil of the Leipzig 
Conservatory of music, wife of Julius Rontgen, the 
composer. She is the author of a number of compo- 
sitions for the violin, (Sonata in B minor, etc.) A set 
of Swedish, dances for violin and piano, op. 16, are 
published under her married name, Amanda Rontgen. 

Maistre (Baroness de), French composer, of whom a 
number of sacred compositions have been published, 
the most important "being a fine **Stabat Mater". 

She has written 3 operas, **JV7A/i t r"\ ''Cltopatre*' 
and "LtsItfWfiwilfats", the latter "being successfully 
performed at the Theatre de la Monnais, Bmssells, 
March 14, 1870. Died June, 1875, at Cannes. 

Ma!lbran Olaria Felicitas'i. French singer, bom at Paris, 
1809, daughter of the distinguished Tenor Garcia, and 
the -wife of Be Beriot, the violinist. This celebrated 
Soprano, one of the greatest the world has ever heard, 
was also the siithor of a number of pleasing Roman- 
ces and ChansonetteSj a collection of which were pub- 

89 



lished by Troupenas, Paris, under the title of "Der- 
nier Pensees musicales <ie 3Iaria Felicite Garcia de 
Beriot. " ' 

She died at Manchester, Sept. 23, 1836. A funeral 
cantata * l In Morte di ^laria Malibran", the words by 
Piazzi s and the music the joint writing of Donizetti, 
Mercadante, Paccini and Vaccaj, was performed in 
honor of her memory at the La Scala, Milan, March 
17* 1837. 

Mampe~Babnigg (Emma). German singer and writer 

of a number of songs (op. i, 2, 3, 4 a set of 8 songs; 

op. 6 Three songs ; op. 7 Three songs, etc. j. 

Mannkopf (Aclolphine). German composer, published a 

number cf songs and sacred quartets for mixed voices. 

HarcSies! (Matbilde de Castrone, maiden name Grau- 

manu). This eminent vocal teacher was "born at 

Frankfort on the Main, Germany, March 26, 1826. 

She studied singing with Nicolai, (Vienna), and later 

on (1845) with the celebrated Garcia at Paris. 

Miss Granmann was prominent as a soprano sin- 
ger, appearing successfully in Germany, Holland, 
England, France^ Belgium, etc. In 1852 she married 
Salvatore Marches!, Cavalier de Castrone, an Italian 
of nolble birth, and well known as a successful singer 
and teacher. 

After residing and teaching for ten years at Vienna, 
she resigned her position at the Conservatory, remov- 
ing to Paris, where she is at present residing and 
teaching , being considered one of the foremost 
vocal teachers of the world. 

Madame 3Iarchesi Bas devoted considerable time 
to composing and writing. Her celebrated method 
"Ecole de Chant", iiMth appeared about iS6i, is 
perhaps one of the best vocal methods published, and 
highly recommended "by Rossini. Beside her method 
she has published the following list of excellent vo- 
90 



calises and solfeggi; Op. I, Elementary progressive 
Exercises ; op. 2, Twenty-four Vocalises ; op. 5, 
Twenty-four Vocalises for Soprano; op. 4, Vocal 
Studies; op. 5, Twenty-four Yocalis Elexnenlaires; 
op. 6, Twenty-four Vocalises perfectionnenient; op. 7, 
Twelve Etudes de Style; op. 8, Etudes d* Agilite; op, 
9, Etude d' Agilite; op. 10, Twenty-four Elementary 
Vocalises; op. n, Twelve Etudes de Style; op. 12, 
Eighteen 2 part Vocalises ; op. 13, Twelve Vocalises ; 
op. 14, Etude d" Agilite; op. 15, Twenty-four Vocali- 
ses ; op. 1 6, Etude d 1 Agilite; op. 17 and iS, Etudes 
d' Agilite ; op. 21, I/ Art du Chant, method in 4 parts ; 
op. 22, Eight Vocalises for 3 voices ; op. 26, Etude 
d* Agilite, etc. 

Her Autobiographic ' 4 Erinneningen aus meinem 
Leben M , was published 1877. 

Marckwald (Grace j. American contemp. cornp. Bom 
in Brooklyn. Author of several orchestral works, 
songs and Pf. pieces. 

Harla Antonia (Grand Duchesse of Saxony '), daughter 
of Emperor Charles VII, "born June iS, 1724, died 
Dresden 1782, was an excellent and skilled musician,, 
her teachers being the famous Porpora in singing^ 
and Hasse in composition. She is the author of the 
operas ^11 Trioitfo ddltifediUa*\ and " Talettri Rc- 
gitut delict, A masoni", which are published by Breit- 
kopf and Hartel, 

She was likewise proficient in painting and poetiy r 
her Oratorio St La Conversione de St. Agostino* 1 was 
set to music by Hasse. 

Maria Charlotte Arnalle (Buchesse of Saxe-Gotha) , bom 
Sept. n, 1751, has published a number of songs, etc.,, 
and a symphony for orchestra of lo instruments. * 

Maria Payfowna (Grand Duchesse of \Veimar), daugh- 
ter of Emperor Paul I of Russia, bom Feb. 16, 1786, 
died June 23, 18.59. A most talented musician, whose 



ability to read and play orchestral scores at sight was 
said to have been marvellous. She is the composer 
of some piano music, several of her melodies being 
introduced "by Liszt in one of his '* Consolations ". 

Marie Elizabeth fPrincesse of Saxe-Meiningen ) , is the 
author of il Einzugsmarsch " for orchestra (published 
by Kahnt, Leipzig; ; ic Fackeltanz " for Piano 4 hands; 
several piano compositions ; a pretty '* Cradle Song " 
for violin and piano, and a "Romanze" for clari- 
nette and piano. 

Harlanl (Virginia;. Italian contemporary composer, 
writer of a number of piano pieces, the cantata * 'Apo- 
theosis de Rossini '% and a number of songs. 

Marshall (3Irs. Julian.. \Vas born at Rome, March 30, 
1843. An accomplished musician and writer on music, 
papil of the Royal Academy of jVIusic, London , her 
teachers being Sterndale Bennett, Goss and Sir G. A. 
ilacfarren. 

Of her writings ma}- be mentioned a Biography of 
Handel, published in the * "Great Musician Series 13 . 
Also valuable contributions to Groves Dictionary of 
Music. 

Her compositions consist of a number of orchestral 
works, frequently performed in public, several cantatas 
and an operetta (Pn/tfe ty/riYf), a Nocturne for 
Clarinette and orchestra, various part-songs and songs, 
a '"Solfeggi Primer (Xovello), Interval Exercises for 
Singing classes fXovelloj etc. 

She conducts the concerts of the South Hampstead. 
orchestra. 

Marlines, or Hartlnez (Marianne). German composer, 
singer and pianist, born at Vienna May 4, 1744. She 
received instruction from Haydn on the harpsichord, 
and of Porpora in singing. Burner in his " Present 
State of Mifoic in Germany " speaks of her singing in 
eloquent terms, 

92 



Her first .attempts in composition were made while 
scarcely 12 years old,, and were received most favor- 
able. Of her maturer and more pretentious compo- 
sitions, her church music deserves mention first of all. 
Her oratorio 4t Isacco ", the words by Metastasio was 
performed by the Tonkiinstler Gesellschaft at Vienna 
17^8. 

Beside u Isacco"*, she has written two other ora- 
torios, a Grand Hass, a four-part Miserere, several 
Psalms for 4 and & voices with orchestral accompani- 
mentj a number of Motets and other church music, 
several Overtures, Symphonies, etc. , for orchestra and 
strings, several piano Concertos and various Sonatas 
and other compositions for the piano. Died Bee. 12, 



Harx ^Berthe). French composer, bom Paris, July 2S S 
1.^59, daughter of a violoncellist. Scarcely 9 years 
old, she was admitted as a pupil, without the usual 
preliminary examinations a favor rarely accorded 
to students, at the Paris Conservatory of ilusie. 

Auber was particularly interested in her studies, 
She gained the kt Solfege " and ** Harmonie " prizes 
and medals for piano-playing, while studying with 
Had. Retz. She then became the favorite pupil of 
Henri Herz, under whose tuition such progress was 
made, that at the age of 15 she gained the first prize 
of the Conservatory. 

After finishing her studies, she concertized. in 
almost all important European cities ; associated with 
the celebrated violinist Sarasate, she has played in 
over 400 concerts. In 1894 married the composer 
and critic Otto Goldschmidt. 

Her compositions consist of a number of brilliant 
Salon pieces. 

Mary, Queen of Scotland, born 1545, died 1587, has writ- 
ten a number of songs, of which * * Las ! en znon clous: 

93 



printemps ", and "Monsieur le prevost des Mar- 
chands" were well received in their time. 
M assart (Louise Aglae, maiden name Masson). French 
composer and pianist, "bom at Paris June 10, 1827, 
died there July 26, 1887. Pupil of the Paris Conser- 
vatory, her teachers being Madame Coche (1838) and 
Adam (1839). In 1875 she was elected to a Professor- 
ship at the Conservatory, as a successor to Madame 
Farrenc. Among Mad. Massart's pupils may Tbe 
named Roger-Miclos, and Clothilde Kloberg. She 
published a number of piano pieces, as well as vari- 
ous arrangements for violin and piano. 
Hasson (Elizabeth). Contralto singer and composer, 
was born in Scotland early in the igth century, died 
at London, in January 1865. Her works consist of a 
collection of "Original Jacobite Songs", London 
1839 ; " Songs for the classical vocalist " (1845-61) in 
24 parts; "Twelve Songs by Byron" (1843), etc. 
Also a set of Vocal Exercises, JU>ndon 1855. 
liattfileux, see Kinkel. 
Ha tide (Constance). Song writer, (Down here the 

Lilies fade, Olden Days, etc.). 

Haiiry (Mad. Renand ). French contemporary com- 
poser, wife of M. Matuy, Sous-chef of the Garde Re- 
pablicaine Band of Paris, which visited America dur- 
ing 1872. 

Her teachers were Bazin and Cesar Franck. She 
carried off the first prize in fagne and composition at 
the Paris Conservatory. It was an encroachment 
in those days, when this domain was supposed to be- 
long exclusively to the sterner sex. 

That it was no u accident", as then claimed, Mad. 
]!Jaury has disproved by her subseqnent productions, 
consisting of instrumental, vocal and orchestra! com- 
positions. Her * * Fantasie Symphonique ' ' has been 

94 



awarded a prize by the Society of Composers, Paris, 
and her 4 " Scene Lyrique " and. ''Jeanne d'Azc " or- 
cliestral works, are frequently heard in public. 
May '"Florence). English contemporary pianist and com- 
poser, is a pupil of Brahms and Bargiel. A Beaedic- 
tus and Hosanna were performed at Berlin iSjS. Her 
compositions include 3 piano pieces, several choruses 
and a number of songs. Editor of a collection of 
piano pieces by old masters from works "written for 
harpsichord. 

Mayer (Emilie/. German composer, "bora at Friedland, 
llecklenburg, May 14, 1812 ; died at Berlin April 10, 
1883. A very talented and most prolific writer. 

Her parents, recognizing her great musical abili- 
ties, did all in their power to secure for her an excel- 
lent musical education. Her teachers were Carl 
Lowe, the eminent song writer, and B. A. Marx, the 
celebrated theorist, and later on \\~ieprecht in orches- 
tration. 

Her progress was so pronounced, and her compo- 
sitions of such decided merit, that by the advice of 
lier teachers, a concert w as given at Berlin, the pro- 
gram of which, consisting entirely of her own com- 
positions, was as follows : Concert Overture for 
large orchestra, a String Quartet, the CXVIII Psalm 
for chorus and orchestra, and two Symphonies 
( tl liilitaire "\ and ** B minor " j, as well as two piano 
solos playec! by the author. 

She scored a great success -with this concert and 
the production of her compositions, and as a reward 
"was presented with the Gold 3!edal of Art, "by Queen 
^Elizabeth of Prussia. 

Her works consist of several symphonies (the one 
in B minor has been arranged for 4 hands by A. 
Jurke, and is published by Bote &, Bock s Berlin); two 

95 



string quartets, two piano quartets (op. 14 in G minor 
published 'by Simrock, Berlin), two Quintets, ten 
Trios for piano, violin and cello (op. 12 K minor, op. 
13 In D 5 op. 15 in B minor are published by Challier, 
Berlin), S Sonatas for violin and piano (op. 17 in F, 
op. 18 in A minor, op. 19 B minor, op. 21 in A, are 
published), 7 Sonatas for Cello and piano, several 
overtures^ the afore mentioned CXVIH Psalm for 
chorus and orchestra, about forty four-part songs, 
and quite a number of songs and piano pieces. Also 
an operetta ''Die FixcJterin ". 

This is quite an imposing array of compositions for 
a woman. Not all of these works have appeared in 
print, particularly some of the more pretentious ones 
are still in manuscript. Of her published "works not 
previously enumerated, the following deserve spe- 
cial mention: Op. 46 Faust overture for grand or- 
chestra ; op. 48 a pretty Nocturne for Violin and 
piano; op. 47 Sonata for Cello and piano; op. 17 So- 
nata for Violin; op. 13 Trio in D, for Violin, Cello and 
Piano; op. 21 Sonata for Violin and piano; op. 29 
"Alleznaiide fantastique ", the latter a very meritori- 
ous work for the piano % full of fire and energy. Also 
a set of pretty Waltzes, op. 30 and 32. 

liayhew (Grace). Con temp. American writer of songs, 
among which may be named : Guide me, O Thou, 
Great Jehovah ; My little Girl ; The Shoogy-Shoo, 
etc. 

Haze! (Mile. Helene Roberts). French song writer (Le 
Chant du marin; Ies denx Etoiles; la Rose blanche ; 
les Lunettes, etc,). 

Melville (Marguerite). Contemporary American com- 
poser and pianist, pupil of O. B. Boise. Her works 
consist of a Sonata in G minor, for Violin and piano, 
chamber tnnsie (an exceedingly fine Piano Quintet), 
a "Romanza in F"* for Violin and piano, several 

96 



songs (Die \Vasserrose, Wehmuth, Einkehr, etc.) and 
other compositions. 

Merrick (Mrs, Marie E.) American musician and writer. 
Author of t Nervous Pianists"; "How to interest 
children so that they will practice ", etc. 

Metzfer (Bertha). American composer of Pf. pieces and. 
vocal music. Her opus reaches above 100. 

-Meyer (Elizabeth). Danish contemporary composer of 
vocal and instrumental music. At a prize competi- 
tion 1895 at Copenhagen, she was awarded first prize 
for a Cantata for Soli, chorus and piano. 

Mler (Countess Anna von), author of a number of songs, 
etc. 5 published by Kratochwill, Vienna. 

MHanolIo (Theresa). This celebrated violinist, bom 
August 28, 1827, is the composer of various miscella- 
neous compositions, of which op. I Grand Faniasie 
for piano, is printed by Spina, Vienna ; op. 2 Ave 
^laria for male chorus, published by Ricordi. Of 
her published violin compositions, the following 1 may 
be named ; JFantaisIe Hlegiaque ; Variations humor- 
istique ; Extase ; Bapteraej etc. 

Miles. See Guest. 

Millar (Marian). English, pianist and writer, "bom at 
Manchester. She has the distinction of being the 
first of her sex, to obtain the degree of " ilus. Bac.". 
at Victoria University, Manchester, June, 1894. Her 
compositions consist of U A Song of Praise " for Soli, 
chorus and small orchestra, various songs, etc. Wrote 
the librettos of Dr. Hiles ** Crusader" and G. J. 
Miller's " The Armada". 

II f Hard (Mrs. Phillip). English composer of a number of 
songs, of which "Alice Gray 5 " and "A thousand a 
year" are still well remembered. Bled about 1840. 

Hlzangere (Marquise de la}. Talented. French amateur 
composer, bom 1693. Was a remarkable clavecinist, 

97 



and lias published a number of compositions for that 
instrument. 
Moiinos-Lafitte (Mile. A.). French composer. Of 

her various com position s, Catelin of Paris lias pub- 
lished a number of songs. 
Hollque (Caroline), daughter of the well known German 

composer Bernhard Molique, is the author of a num- 
ber of songs and violin pieces (Suite, Bolero, etc.) 

Molitor (Friederike). German composer. The follow- 
ing works appear in print : op. 3 Etude for piano ; 
op. 2 Five marches for piano ; op. 18 Drei Heine 
Lieder ; op. 20 Two songs for Soprano with cello ac- 
companiment, etc. 

iiomy (Yalerie). German composer. Published a ntrai- 
ber of piano pieces, of which op. 4 i4 Rondo, with In- 
troduction In F" is reviewed by Schumann in 
** Music and Musicians M . 

If oncrieff (Mrs, L.)- English contemporary song writer. 
The following songs are well known : Creole Love 
Song ; The Parting Kiss ; Green leaf and blossom ; 
Rippling tide ; Old church door (with Harmonium 
ace.) 

Montgerouft(Mxne. Helene de Xervode). French com- 
poser,, bom Versailles 1767, died at Florence May 26, 
1856. Excellent pianist, pupil of Hullmandel and 
Dussek. From 1796 until iSoS slie was Professor of 
the Piano at the Paris Conservatory. Among her 
most successful pupils may be mentioned Pradher 
and Boely. Her compositions consist of a number of 
Sonatas and other compositions for the piano, also 
some vocal music. 

Moody (Marie). English contemporary composer, whose 
published works comprise several overtures (King 
Lear; Hamlet; Othello, etc.), two Concert overtures 
(is E minor, and C major) ; music for strings (Adagio 

9 s 



and Allegretto in D ; Allegro moderate In D minor); 
Studies for piano; church muslc 5 etc. 

Morgan (Lady, nee Sydney Owenson) born in Dublin 
abont 1733. Best known as a novelist, but lias also 
published a number of songs , and the operetta **27/<? 
Fir*t Mtifiti^\ Dublin, 1807. She died at London, 
April 14, 1859. 

Morlson ^Christina W.) Irish composer, born in Dublin 
1840. Studied with Glover and John Blockley. Com- 
poser of the 3 act opera ^Tlie Uttla)ttf\ performed at 
Dublin 1884, Glasgow 18855 ete - ^Is various songs 
and piano music. 

Porsch (Anna). German writer, bom at Gransee, July 
3, 1841. Co-editor of Professor Breslauer's pedagogic 
Journal s "Der Klavier-Lehrer". Author of * 4 Derita- 
llenische Kirchengesang", and writer of a number of 
articles on music in magazines, etc. 

Moseley (Caroline Carr). English contemporary composer 
of a number of part songs for ladies voices, various 
songs, and several pieces for violin, cello and toy in- 
struments. 

Moulton (Mrs. Chas.). American composer of vocal 
music, of which the song ** Beware " * had a remark- 
able sale in its time. Of her other songs may be 
mentioned : The Brook, Confession, and Hilda. 

Hounsey (Elizabeth). English composer and organist, 
"bom at London, Oct. S f 1819. Has published works 
for piano, organ, guitar and voice. 

She is a sister of Mrs. Moiansey-Bartholomew, with 
-whose collalioration she has published a series of 
church hymns, etc. 

M tiller (EHse). German writer of songs. Breitkopf & 
Hartel publish. : "IVanderlied ; Abscliied ; Und wis- 
sen's die Blmnenj etc. 

Huellner-CiaSIcnliofef (Josepha;. German composer, 
bom at Vienna 1770. A very talented harpplayer, 

99 



who made numerous concert tours, and has published 
various compositions for the harp. Also a String 
Quartet, and the opera "Dtr lelsnUcJtc Buud". 

linn del la /Emma). English, composer, born 1858, died 
Feb. 20, 1896. A highly gifted lady, pupil of Ernst 
Pauer, Sullivan, Dr. Bridge, Dr. Stainer, Front and 
and others. The wide ground which this instruction 
covered piano, organ, harmony, composition, coun- 
terpoint and singing laid the foundation of that val- 
uable experience, whicli made her so useful in after 
life. She was one of the first students to secure the 
diploma 4 *A. R. C. IM/* issued "by the Royal College 
of Music. 

Among her works may be mentioned : * 4 Day- 
School Hymn Book'"; the oratorio "Victory of 
Song" for female voices and strings, a number of 
part-songs, piano pieces, and some church music. 

Hunktel! ('Helen*!. Swedish composer, author of a num- 
ber of songs and piano pieces, and the one act opera 
'In Flvrtwt " ( published by Choudens, Paris). 

Hurio-CelH f Adeline). Prominent singer and teacher,, 
resident of Xew York. Author of various piano 
pieces and bravonra songs : II Sogno, 1'Eco, Glide 
on, Mignonette, The Bells of Love, Ave Maria, etc. 

Htisslni fAdele Branca). Contemporary Italian composer 
and pianist, a descendant of the celebrated Sarti. 
Ricordi has published a number of piano composi- 
tions. 

Naeser-Otto (Martha). German composer, bom at Liick- 

enwalde, March 17, iS6o. Pupil of her father, the 
organist Julius Xaeser and the Berlin Hochschule. 
Her compositions consist of a number of meritorious 
songs, and various works for piano, of which op. 3, 
an excellent " Etude in Sixths % \ and a pretty " Bar- 
carolle" in double passages, deserve mention. 



Nathusius (Marie). German composer and writer. Bom 

at Magdeburg March 10, iSij, died Dec. 22, 1857. 
Beside her numerous novels, that have made her 
name famous throughout Germany, she has published 

over 100 songs, mostly of a sacred character. 

N eed ham (Alicia Adelaide j. Irish composer, has made 
a name as writer of a number of characteristic Irish 
songs, something out of the "beaten track ? among 
which ma}' be named : Irish Lullaby ; Queen of 
Connemara; Husheen, etc. 

Meumann (Elizabeth). Born of German parents at 
Capetown. Published a number of piano composi- 
tions for 2 as well as for 4 Hands. 

Neuville (Mme. Alphonse de), widow of the celebrated 
French painter, wrote an excellent 31ass (Andante reli- 
giose, Pie Jesu, Requiem J which was performed at 
the Saint-Francois de Sales church, Paris. Among her 
other works may be named several violin composi- 
tions (Ballade, etc.) arrangements lot various instru- 
ments, and vocal mnsic. 

lewcomfae (Georgeanne Hnbi }. English soprano 
and composer, "bom in London Dec, iS, 1843, pupil 
of Dr. Hiles. Her compositions include a number of 
songs: The miner and his boy ( Prize song,, Irish 
Potheen, etc. Also various piano works. 

Hewton (Mrs. Alexander). English singer and composer, 
bom London, 1821, died Dec. 22, iSSi. Writer of 
songs and pia BO pieces, and a bravura singer of excep 
tional ability. 

Ulederstetter (Emilie;. German composer of piano 
music (Romance; Air sans Paroles; Mazurka de con- 
cert, etc.) 

Morton (Mrs. Caroline Elizabeth Sarah, . English com- 
poser and vocal teacher, bom at Huddersfield i&uS, 
died I/ondon 1877. Was an excellent vocalist, novel- 
ist, poetess and musician, who has written quite a 
101 



number of popular songs, of which the following are 
well known : Juanita* Voice of Music, Blind Girl, 
3iurmur of the Shell, etc. 

Novello (Mary Sabllla). English composer and singer, 
sixth daughter of Vincent Novello, thfe well known 
musician. She is the author of an admirable " School 
for the Voice*' 1 ; also the work l 'Voice and Vocal Art ' T , 
and other publications. 

Hoyes (Edith Rowena). Composer of a number of songs 
and piano pieces : Funeral March ; The Hunter's 
Call, etc. 

Munn /Elizabeth Annie). English composer, "bom 1861. 
Published a Mass in C. for Soli, chorus and orchestra 
(op. 4) as veil as other church music, songs, etc. 
This talented woman died, scarcely 33, at Manchester 
Jan. j s 1894. 

Ockleston-Lippa (Kate). Contemporary English com- 
poser, pupil of Louis Maas and of the Leipzig Conser- 
vator}'. Writer of piano music (Nocturne in D, Al- 
bum leaves, etc.), also songs, anthems and other 
church music. 

<0key (Maggie). Contemporary English pianist anci 
CfDmposer. Married 1884 the pianist de Pachmann y 
but was divorced some years later. She composed a 
Violin Sonata, a Romance for violin, several piano 
compositions, etc. 

Olagnler ( Marguerite}. French contemporary composer 
of various works of importance, among which may 
be named the opera "Si tit " which was performed 
for the first time at the Theatre de la Renaissance, 
Paris. Bee. iS, iSSi. The opera contains many gems, 
among; which may be specially named a Romance, a 
beautiful Berceuse and the Arioso. Capoul created 
the role of "NaghiV. A second opera in 5 acts is 
called ** t 



Oicott (Grace). American song-writer (Life Is but a 
dream ; Swift fly the tours, etc.) 

Old ham (G. Emily). English composer of the present 
time. Of her songs may be mentioned : His ship ; 
Her voice ; Fair is the dawn. 

Olga (Grandduchess of Russia^, has written a number of 
compositions. A u Parademarsch * ' for orchestra is 
published by Schlesinger,, Berlin. 

O'Leary (Mrs. A.). English contemporary composer, 
pupil of G. A. ilacfarren. Writer of songs: (I am 
the Angel ; My Song is Love ; My Angel Lassie; etc.) 

Oliver (Mary). English composer of piano, and concerted 
music (op. 8 Romance, for violin and piano, etc.) 

Olivier (Charlotte). German composer of numerous piano 
pieces of a light order, her opus number reaching 135. 

Orger (Caroline j. English, composer, bom London 1818, 
died at Tiverton March n f 1892. Her works consist 
of a Piano Concerto ("played May 3, 1843), a Piano 
Trio first performance 1844), a Piano Quartet 
in E flat ; and a Cello Sonata, first performance 
at the Concerts of the Society of British Musi- 
cians 1844, repeated 1846, 1847 ; a Sonata op. 6, sev- 
eral Tarantellas, and other piano compositions. Also 
several songs,, and a pamphlet "A few words on 
Pianoforte playing with rules for fingering passages 
of frequent occurrence < Xovello 1855;. 

Orth plrs. L- E.), wife and pupil of John Orth, the 
American musician, is the writer of a number of 
pleasing teaching pieces for piano, various children 
son^s, and a children's operetta. 

Osgood ^Marion/. American composer of songs and 
piano music. 

Osterzee {Cornelia van). Butch contemporary compo- 
ser, whose most important works are "Two Scenes for 
orchestra from Tennyson's Idylls of the King " 
Xo. I Elaines Dream and Death, and Xo. 2 Geraint's 



Bridal Journey M . They were received very favorably 
at one of the Berlin Philharmonic Concerts 1897. 

Ostlere {31ay> English contemporary composer of light 
Dances, IXarches and Songs (Dutch Dolls, Only once 
more, Hypathia, Civile, etc.) 

Otto "Louise;, the talented German novelist has pub- 
lished " Die Mission cier Kunst mit besonderer Rueck- 
sicht auf die Gegenwart r which contains tmich of in- 
terest pertaining to music. 

Ourjf, see Belleville-Oury. 

Owen (Anita). American composer of piano pieces and 
songs (Seville, Polka iantastique Only a little Band, 
'Xeath the Flag). 

Paige /Mrs. J. B.;. American writer, author of **Xew 
Inductive and Eclectic Method for the Piano J \ pub- 
lished at Boston. 

Paige (Kate*. English writer author of *' Exercises on 
General Elementary Music '*, published in two parts, 
of which Part I was issued ISSo, and Part II iSSi, 
London. She likewise published li Daily Exercises 
for the Piano (1883). 

.Pa pot f 31arie Anna). French composer, bom 1854, died 
at Paris Sept. 2, 1596. Professor of singing at the 
Paris Conservatory of Music, and author of a valued 
collection of exercises * * Vingt-sept lecons a change- 
ment de Clefs *\ 

Farad is rMarie Therese von). German composer, born 
at Vienna May 15, 1759, died there Feb. i, 1824. A 
most remarkable woman and talented mnsiciar*. 
Blind from her third year orij she nevertheless showed 
such a remarkable genius for music, that her parents 
by the kind assistance of her Godmother the Empre&s 
Maria Theresa, who "bestowed on her, for a time, a 
yearly stipend of 200 Florins, were able to procure for 
her the best of teachers, being instructed, by such 
masters as Kozelnch, Salieri s Abbe Vogler, 
104 



etc. She made suck rapid progress, and developed such 

remarkable skill as a pianist, in spite of her sad afflic- 
tion, that by the advice of her teachers she ventured 
to appear at a concert, creating a perfect furore by 
her beautiful and sympathetic playing, and her gen- 
eral intellectual accomplishments. 

Her memory was most phenomenal ; it is said she 
was able to play 60 Concertos correctly and with ex- 
quisite taste. Mozart greatly admired her, and wrote 
and dedicated to her his Concerto in B flat (Kdchel 
Catalogue No. 456). 

Paradis made a number of concert tours, visiting 
Paris 1784 iipon the invitation of Queen ZVIaria Antoi- 
nette, remaining there for six months, playing fre- 
quently "before the Court, and at the concerts Spirltu- 
elle. From Paris she went to London, staying there 
five months, and playing before the King, the Queen, 
and Prince of Wales, as well as at various public 
concerts of her own and others. After visiting Brus- 
sels and the various important German courts and 
cities, scoring a constant series of triumphs, artisti- 
cally as well as financially, she returned to Vienna, 
where, after appearing ?>t several concerts of the cele- 
brated Tonkunstler-Socieiy, she retired from public 
life, devoting; her entire time to composition and 
teaching,, using a system of notation, invented for 
her "by Riedinger, an intimate friend of her family. 

Her compositions, which she dictated note by note, 
are vert" meritorious and highly spoken of "by musi- 
cians, some of her works being- classed among the 
classics. E, Fauer has edited and published her So- 
nata in D, in Ms collection of "Alte Meister *". 

Paradis lias written a number of dramatic works, of 
nhich the following have been performed with suc- 
cess in public: "R't '*?>1v ?'/# Al>'ih>i *" T a fairy 
opera, first performance at Prague ; the melodrama 



"Ariadne und Bachus", first performance at Laxen- 
burg 1791 in the presence of Emperor Leopold, and. 
later on repeated! y played at the National Court Thea- 
tre, Vienna ; a Pastorale Operetta "*JXr St:7i>'lctindi- 
f^tt '\ first performance at the Leopoldstadt Theatre, 
1792. Her other compositions consist of a Piano Trio 5 
various Sonatas (4 Sonatas, Amsterdam 1778, 6 Sona- 
tas, Paris, 1791, etc. j, also Variations and other pieces 
for piano, and a number of songs, cantatas and other 
vocal compositions. 

Pa reel lo f Marie j. American composers of songs, mostlv 
for a Contralto voice, viz.; You charm me; !Mv Gar- 
den; Gaelic I/ullaby; Good Xight; etc. 

Parent (Charlotte Frances Hortensej, "born of French, pa- 
rents at London March 22, 1837, An excellent pian- 
ist and teacher, pupil of the Paris Conservatory and 
Mad. Fan-cue. Received the first prize in harmony 
1855, the second prize for piano 1856, and the first 
1857. Published several instructive works for the 
piano. 

Park fEdna Rosalind). American composer of decided 
talent. Bom at Boston, and residing in New York 
City. Pupil of Lambert. Her published composi- 
tions consist of a number of meritorious songs, 
f Young Rose; Memory; Nightingale and Rose; Thou 
art so like a flower; Tarry with me; Love; Sunset, 
etc.) Several important works in M.S. 

Parke ("Maria Hester Mrs. Beardmore). English com- 
poser, "bom at Condon 1775, died Aug. 15, 1822, 
daughter of the celebrated oboist John Parke, and a 
well known pianist, singer and writer of several So- 
natas for piano, songs, part songs, and two Sonatas 
op. 13 for violin and piano. A Concerto for Piano 
''or Harpsichord) was published iSoo. 

Parkyns /Mrs. Beatrice, nee Crawford). Born of English 
106 



parents at Bombs}-, is the composer of some charm- 
irg songs, and several violin compositions. 

Patterson (Annie Wilson). Pianist and organist, "bom 
at Lurgan, Ireland, Oct. 27, 1868, of French Hugue- 
not descent. Pnpil of the R. I. A. of Music, Dublin. 
Her compositions comprise: 4( Finola" Cantata for 
Soli, Chorus and orchestra; %i St. John's Vision "'for 
Soli, chorus and orchestra, produced at Dublin Feb, 
2 5^ 1893; * 4 The Raising of Lazarus'*, Cantata (Dub- 
lin April 10, 1891); Six original Gaelic Songs, etc., etc, 

Fatti (Aclelina). The celebrated vocalist is also the com- 
poser of a number of songs: Espoir secret; Speme 
arcana, etc. 

Faulowna. See Marie Paulowna. 

Pease 'Jessie L.). American song-writer (Spring night; 
Winter in Spring", etc. j. 

Pelfetan ,'Mlle. Fanny"' 1 . French amateur musician, bom 
July 2S, 1830, died at Passy Aug. 2, 1876. Deserves 
honorary mention here, for her great and disinter- 
ested undertaking, the pieservation and re-printing of 
the original French editions of the works of Gluck ? 
spending almost all of her fortune for this laudable 
object. With the assistance of her teacher Berthold 
Damcke (died Feb. 15, 1875, at Parisj she edited and 
published in newly engraved editions all of Cluck's 
Opera Scores, etc. The manuscript of Gluck's 
"Alceste", for which she paid 10,000 Francs, and 
the original manuscript of <k !'Enfance dn Christ** 
by Hector Berlioz, she willed to the National Library 
at Paris. 

Peifegrinl-Cellonit '"Anna Maria). Italian composer, sin- 
ger and vocal teacher fdied July 13, 1835), author 
of an excellent vocal method, published by Piace 
and 31artorelli at Rome iSio. A second edition was 
published 1817, and a German translation is issued by 

107 



Peters, Leipzig. She Is also the writer of "Oletodo 
breve e facile ' * published at Rome 1823. 

Perriere-Pilte (Comtesse Anais dej. French amateur 
composer, (died at Paris Bee. 1878) is the author of 
several operas and operettas, of which the following 
have been performed in public: '*le Sorcier", first 
performed at tie Theatre Lyriqiie, Paris, June 13, 
iS66: "eMt/'/j* dt *>2*\ a one act operetta, at the 
Athenee, Paris, June 6, 1873; tm Lts Vncanccs r/ 
rAitm*!? ", opera comique In 3 acts, first performance 
Aug. 6, 1867. 31anT of her compositions were pub- 
lished under the name of " Anais Marcelli '*. 

Perron net pline. Amelie), daughter of a ballet dancer 
of the Grand Opera, Paris. Talented writer of some 
operettas that have met with success, notably tf Lii 
CJviii&tm fie Vuubcpin '". Quite a number of her chan- 
sonettes have been very popular. 

Pesadorl (Mine. Antoinette de). French musician, has 
published a number of piano pieces (Introduction 
and Rondo } reviewed by Schumann, etc.), and in col- 
laboration with J, Dotzauer wrote several composi- 
tions for Cello and Piano. 

Peschka-Letitner (Minnaj, the eminent singer, who was 
bom at Vienna, OcL 25, 1839, and died at Wiesbaden 
Jan. 12, 1890, is the writer of several songs, and a set 
of Vocal studies. 

Pessiak-Schmerfing (Anna). German vocal teacher, 
born at Vienna iS34, died at Vienna March 14, 1896. 
Talented pupil of 31archesi, for a number of years 
teaclier at the Vienna Conservatory. Published a 
number of excellent Vocal studies (36 Interval! Stu- 
dies; ** Gehor und Treif Uebungen v >, also a number 
of Pianoforte pieces and various songs. Several of 
her Masses and other large sacred works are fre- 
quently performed at Vienna. 



Ffellschlfter (Julie YOU), German composer and pianist, 
"born at Mannheim April 15, 1840. A Grand 
Ballet 4 * Yoglein's 3Iorgengniss"", and, the dramatic 
Scena "Agneta", have met -with success at \Vies- 
baden. Also writer of a numlber of piano pieces and 
songs. 

Fhilp (Elizabeth). English composer, bom at Falnxmth. 
1827, died at London Nov. 26, 1^85. Pupil in sing- 
Ing of Garcia and Ularchesi, and in harmony and 
composition of F. Hiller. This talented woman has 
published numerous songs s part-songs and other 
works, that have met with great success. Her ad- 
mirable little work "How to sing an English Ballad "^ 
contains much sensible advise, conveyed in a pleas- 
ing and graceful manner. 

Pidoux / Madeline > French writer, daughter of a doc- 
tor, and herself a physician of note, is the author of 
a most valuable musical work * * Le Draxne I, vrique 
en France, depuis Gluck jnsqu'a nos jours" {Paris 
iSjSi, publishing the same under the name of 
44 Jacques Hermann "*. 

Pierpont (Marie de . French composer, died March 
1896. Talented organist and writer of piano music, 
songs and organ compositions. Her most important 
work is the opera " Tfioiiiphz de C^f^f'"\ 

Pitt (Bmma). American author and musician, has pub- 
lished a number of songs; In His Xame; Buds and. 
Blossoms; Our Royal Prince, etc. 

Plttrnan ('Alice Locke). American composer. The fol- 
lowing compositions appear in print: Op. 25 Melody 
in B flat, for violin and piano; the songs: Confes- 
sion; The Roe; Spinning Song; Bright smiles the 
sun, etc. 

Place 'Gertrude;. English writer, author of "A Cate- 
chism of Music for the use of Young Children f \ 
ic-9 



The work was printed at London 1856, a second edi- 
tion in 1860. 

Fleyel (Camilla Marie). French composer, born at Paris 
Sept. 4, 1811, died near Brussel March 30, 1875. A 
remarkable fine pianist, pupil of Herz, Moscheles, 
etc. Schumann speaks of her playing very highly 
and specially praises her beautiful touch. Published 
a number of piano compositions. 

Plitt (Agathe). German composer, born at Thorn 1831. 
Her precocious talent attracted the attention of Queen 
Elizabeth of Prussia, who furnished the means for 
her musical education. Is an excellent pianist, and 
her compositions, consisting of Psalms, Motets and 
other sacred works, also several Cantatas, have been 
successfully performed in public. 

Polko (Blise). German writer and composer, sister of 
the celebrated African explorer Eduard Vogel, was 
born at Leipzig, Jan. 31, 1834, died June, 1899, at 
Minister, in Westphalia. Displayed at an early age 
great musical talent, and by the advice of Mendels- 
sohn went to Paris to study under Garcia. She never 
appeared on the stage, but distinguished herself as a 
I/ieder singer. After her marriage she abandoned 
concert work, and devoted her time to literature and 
composition. 

She has published a number of songs, vocal duets, 
and a few piano pieces, but is best known by her 
writings on music, of which her "Musical Sketches " 
are widely known. She has published interesting 
" Reminiscences of Mendelssohn". Both of these 
works have been translated into English. The fol- 
lowing appear only in German: "Unsere Musikklas- 
siker ", " Nicolo Paganini und die Geigenbauer " and 
the musical novels "Faustina Hasse" 3 vols., and 
"Die Bettler Oper". 

no 



Pol let (31arie Nicole Simonin ). French Harpplayer, 
bom at Paris May 4, 1787, pupil of Blattman and 
Dalmivare. She made a number of successful con- 
cert tours HirougflQiit Germany, France, Russia, etc., 
and published a number of compositions for the 
Harp, among which a **3Iethod for the Harp 11 de- 
serves special mention. 

Porter (Mrs. David;, mother of Admiral David Porter, 
U. S. X., has composed a number of songs, of which 
* k Thou hast wounded the spirit that loved thee "* is 
best known. 

Potislfau (Mile. }. French composer and pianist, lias 
published a number of Sonatas and other composi- 
tions for the piano at Paris. 

Powell (Mrs. \Vatkins). American contemporary com- 
poser and song 1 writer (Answer, Cradle Song; Cupid 
kissed roe etc. j. 

Pratten . ^!rs. Sidney). English guitar-player and com- 
poser for that instrument, born about 1^40. Has 
published over 250 comjwsitions and several methods 
for guitar. Also a book of instruction for the Gigliera, 
a wood and straw instrument 

Prescott i Oli vena Louisa i. English composer and writer, 
born at London Sept. 3, 1842. Talented pupil of the 
Royal Academy of Music, and of Lindsay Sloper, 
Macfarren, etc. She is a most successful teacher of 
harmony, and her text-book "Musical Form" (Part I 
Instrumental, Part II Vocal; published at London 
iSSi i Revised and enlarged (1894;, lias received well 
merited praise from teachers as well as from music 
critics, on actonst of its clearness of exposition, and 
interesting treatment of a difficult subject. 

This talented woman lias written quite a number 
of pretentious compositions, that show great merit, 
consisting of two Symphonies, several Orertnres, and 
TazioTis shorter works for orchestra, as well as cos- 



certed music for stringed Instruments (Quartets in A, 
and in C minor;, and a Piano Concerto in A with or- 
chestral accompaniment. 

Of her vocal compositions, the most important 
are: Psalm XIII for Soprano Solo, chorus and or- 
chestra; Psalm CXXVI for voices alone; the Cantata 
" Lord. Ullin's Daughter ^ for chorus and. orchestra; 
44 Hero watching for Leander" Soprano Solo and 
orchestra. Also a number of songs, anthems and 
part-songs. 

Fruckner (Caroline). German singer and vocal teacher, 
born at Vienna 1852. In 1872 her excellent method: 
"Theoiie nnd Praxis der Gesangsloinst * 9 was pub- 
lished, which gained for the author a wide 'celebrity, 
and. on the appearance of the second edition, the 
Grand Duke of ^lecklenbourg-Schwerin bestowed 
on her the Gold Medal for Art and Science. 

Fugct (Ix>uisa). French composer, bom at Paris about 
1810, died at Pan, Xov. 27, 1889. Gained a wonderful 
popularity, fur a time, as writer of romances and 
chansons. 

Although not claiming great merit, her melodies 
were always so natural and pretty, and so suited to 
the words, and the words themselves so full of a 
homelike character, that their success was most ex- 
traordinary,. Such songs as u A la grace de Dieu '% 
"Ave llaria 5 *, "3ue soleil de ma Bretagne'% t4 31oa 
pays", sold by tens of thousand^ and were sung 
everywhere. 

Has also written two successful operettas, u Le 
wax nits Qtll "\ produced at the Opera Comiqiie Oct 
i, 1836, and "L'i Yeillewf, ou les JT'ttts de Mflatly", 
first performed at the Gymnase, Sept 27, 1869, and 
an opera in several acts^ called *'Beaucoup tie Bruit 
pour yittt, ". 

112 



Pupsn (Mme. A. M.) American writer and teacher, 

author of a "Treatise on the Scales' 1 , and several 
other instructive works (How to practice, etc.) 

^uJnault (Marie Anne). French singer and composer of 
the iSth century. Composed a number of motets and 
other church music, that has been performed at 
Versailles, and for which she was decorated by the 
King of France with the order of St Michael. 

Radeckl (Olga von). Russian contemporary composer, 
writer of songs: (Sea hath its pearls; Night has a 
thousand eyes, etc.) 

Radnor (Countess of). English composer of church mu- 
sic (various orders of service for children, Psalms, 
Hymns, etc.), and a number of songs. 

Ralph (Kate). English composer, who has published 
various compositions for violin and piano. 

Ralston (F. Marion). Ameiican writer of a number of 
songs and piano pieces (Greeting; Ich Hebe dich; 
Etude, etc.) 

Rama it n (Una;. German writer and composer, born at 
the small hatnlet of Mainstockheim, Bavaria, June 
24, 1833. Showed great aptitude for music, but re- 
ceived no instruction until her seventeenth year,, 
when her parents removed to Leipzig, where she en- 
joyed the advantage of piano lessons from the wife of 
Dr. Brendel, the eminent music critic and writer, and 
herself a pupil of Field, 

In 1858 Una Ramann opened an institution for the 
special training of teachers, which met with great 
success, and has grown to be a most successful and 
important institution. 

As a writer of pedagogic works, Ramann has been 
very successful, such works as si Gnmdriss der Tech- 
nik des Klavierspiels ", published in 3 Vols M " Tech- 
nische Studien", and 4t Erste Elementarstnfe des 
Klavierspiels '*, two Vols., being introduced at many 

113 



of tiie German music schools. She has also written 
a set of 4 Sonatinas, op. 9, and various other in- 
structive pieces. 

As a musicograplier she ranks very high, having 
written many thoughtful and valuable essays, etc. 
upon musical subjects. Of her -writings the follow- 
ing deserve special mention for their sterling merit: 
* fc Life of Liszt", 2 vols., an important work, com- 
. piled witi. great care, minuteness and intelligence, 
the author profiting largely from personal infor- 
mation. 

Published a highly interesting collection of Liszt's 
letters, and a 4i S:udy on Liszt's Christus*'. Her 
writings on Liszt are considered the best so far pub- 
lished. Of her other important works may be 
named: " Die Maslk als Gegenstand der Erziehung 
(Leipzig iS6Sj; 4i Al!gemeine Erzieh- und Unterrichts- 
lehre der Jngend" (Leipzig 1869); "Bach und Han- 
del "(iSdS). 

Two volumes of her essaj-s are published in col- 
lective form:' Mus der Gegenwart <J (Nuremberg 
<iS6S), and " Die Mnsik als Gegenstand des Unter- 
richts (Leipzig iS66 iS6jj. 

Ramsay (Lady }. English amateur composer of a num- 

"ber of songs and the cantata * l The Blessed Damazel ' *. 

Rand (Josephina). American vocal teacher, and author 

of a 4 ' Vocal ilethod ' \ 
RawIInson (Angela). English composer, writer of the 

operetta "CugMtfc "\ published by Boosey & Co. 
Raymond (Emma Marcy). American composer of a 
number of songs: Bird of love; O Salutaris; First 
love; Ave Maria, etc. Also Piano music. 
Rees (Clara H.). American composer and organist, 
writer of a number of songs (Waiting for you, etc.), 
and various instrumental compositions. 
114 



Reichard (Louise). German composer, bom at Berlin 
1780, died at Hamburg Nov. 17, 1826. Her father 
Jonann F. Reichard was Court CBapelmaster to 
Frederic the Great, and her mother a daughter of 
Franz Bentla, the celebrated composer. 

She composed a number of ireritorious songs and 
part-songs mostly of a sacred character. 

Reinagle, see Orger. 

Ren tie, Victor (real name Irene Baungros), married 
Philip Hale, the eminent Boston musical critic. Bom 
at Syracuse, X. Y. Pupil of the Cincinnati Conser- 
vatory of Music (Winner of the Springer Gold Medal 
iSSi), and of Oscar Raif and Moszkowski. Among" 
her works may be mentioned several piano composi- 
tions and various songs. 

Ren nes (Catharina van,?, born at TTtrecht, Holland, Aug. 
2 5 1858. Published a number of songs, of which op. 
4 " J n g Holland", a set of children songs, were pub- 
lished at Utrecht; op. 5, 4i Lentetever 1 ', a set of five 
two-part songs are published at Amsterdam; op. 15 
4 4 Lebenslust " six two-part songs for children, pub- 
lished at Leipsig. 

Revlal (Marie Pauline). French composer and vocal 
teacher at the Paris Conservatory, author of il 12 
Etudes pour le chant, rlestinees ato: voix de So- 
prano 1 *. She was an oScer of the Legion of Honor. 
Died at Etretat Oct. 13, 1871. 

Richardson (Jennie V.). American composer, whose 
compositions consist mostly of piano music. 

Richter (Pauline). German composer. A number of her 
songs and piano pieces are published at I^eipzjg. 

Ricotti (Onestinaj. Italian composer and pianist. Has 
publisned a number of piano pieces and songs. 
Author of various works on music. 

no 



Rlego (Teresa del). English song writer. Songs: 
Slave Song; Love is a Bird; My gentle child; Ave 
Maria, etc. 

Riese, see Liebniann. 

Ring -[Claire;. American composer, pupil of Hille, Phila- 
delphia. Author of some piano pieces (Album leaf, 
Danse Caprice, etc.) 

RIngelsfaerg (Mathilde). Bohemian composer of dances 
and waltzes, popular at Prague during the middle of 
the 1 9th century. 

RItter (Fanny Raymond). American writer, born at 
Philadelphia 1840, wife of F. L. Ritter the eminent 
musician. Mrs. Ritter is an accomplished author 
and translator, her writings and translations consist- 
ing of k * Schumann's Essays and Criticisms **; " Music 
and Musicians'*; Ehlert's * 4 Letters on Music to a 
Lady"'; fct Some Famous Songs '\ an Art Historical 
Sketch, etc. A num"ber of her essays have been pub- 
lished in collective form under the title ' l Lyre, Pen 
and Pencil". 

She composed a number of songs, vocal duets and 
trios. 

Rive- King (Mrs. Julia). This eminent American pianist 
was born at Cincinnati, Oct. 31, 1857. She is a pupil 
of Wm. Mason, S. B. Mills, and Reinecke, finishing 
her studies with Liszt at Weimar. Her professional 
debut was made under Reinecke's direction at one of 
the Euterpe concerts at Leipzig, playing Beethoven's 
third Concerts, and Liszt's Second Rhapsodic, scoring 
a genuine success. 

As a composer she has displayed considerable talent, 
some of Iier piano compositions being printed in. 
many editions, such as "Bubbling Spring", tk On 
blooming Meadows**, etc. She has transcribed in 
brilliant style such works as Liszt's Rhapsodic Xo. 2, 
Scarlatti Sonata in A, etc. Among her original com- 
116 



positions may be named: Gems of Scotland, Polka 
Caprice, Polonaise Heroiqne, etc. 

Robert-Riazel (Helena). French composer and talented 
pianist. Author of a number of beautiful songs, 
among which ma}- be named the following: ITn 
Souvenir; A mon Pere; la Luciole, etc.; and the 
cantata c { Le Jugement dernier ' \ 

Her vocal method "Guide mnsica de Tenfance", 
containing elementary rules and a number of Solfeg- 
gios in all the major and minor keys, adapted to the 
child's voice, was highly recommended by Adolf 
Adam. Her 4 * Concert des enfants *', a collection of 
one and two-part songs for children,, has been fre- 
quently reprinted, and is considered one of the best 
published. 

Roberts (Xellie Wilkinson >. American writer of songs, 
of which may be named: Sing little birds; Unawares; 
The Old Path, etc. 

Robinson (Mrs. Joseph}. English composer, born 1831, 
died 1879, author of the sacred cantata A 'God is 
Love *'; a number of songs, and other compositions. 

Rod we! I f Anne j. English writer, author of * * The Juven- 
ile Pianist'', London 1838, of which several editions 
have been printed. 

Roeckel (Jane Jackson ) wife of Joseph Roecke! the 
song writer. Under the name of "Jules de Sivrai ' ', 
she has published a number of brilliant piano compo- 
sitions, (Taranteller Danse Rnsse, Reverie Mazurka, 
etc.\ and songs ("Drifting on, A Village Story, etc). 
Mrs. Roeckel is the inventor of the 4 * Pamphonia ", 
an appliance for learning the staves and clefs. 

Roelofeon (Mrs. Emily B.). Writer of songs; Christ- 
mas Lullaby; Sands O'Dee; Sea Shells, etc. 

Roentgen, see Maier. 

Rogers (Clara Kathleen), the eminent teacher and musi- 
cian, was born at Cheltenham, England, Jan. 14, 1844, 



"being the granddaughter of Robert Lindley, the 

well-known song -writer. She is a pupil of iloscheles 
anil Plaidy - piano;, Paperitz and Richter (Harmony^, 

RIetz and David (Ensemble playing) and of Goetz 
and Mrs. Zimmermann, Berlin, in singing. 

Later on she studied operatic singing -with San 
Giovani. 

As Clara Doria (her stage name) she appeared with 
success at Genoa, Naples, Leghorn, Florence, Lon- 
don, New York, etc,, finally settling at Boston, and 
devoting her time to teaching and composing. Her 
compositions consist of the folio-wing works, most all 
of uhich are in print: A String Quartet; a Sonata 
for cello and piano; a Sonata in D minor for violin 
and piano; a Scherzo in A op. 15 for piano, and a 
number of songs (Clover Blossoms, Confessions, 
Years at the Spring, etc.), several collections (Brown- 
ing songs, Album of 14 songs, etc.). 

Her excellent work "' The Philosophy of Singing '* 
contains much that is novel in the application of 
evolutionary theories, and for the practical vocal 
teacher, there is to be found a great deal of most 
helpful matter. The work is divided into three 
parts: Part I. The Philosophy of Singing; Part II. 
Mechanism and Technique, Application and Elucida- 
tion of Singing. 

Ronafcfs (Mrs. Belle). American composer of songs, etc. 

Roswltha (real name, Helen yon Rossow), a German 
nun of the Benedictine convent at Gandersheim, 
flourished about 980. Wrote a considerable amount 
of poetry, some of which she has set to music (Mar- 
tyrertod einer Heiligen, etc.). 

Root i 1 Grace W. /. American writer of songs, such as: 
For Thee, The Spell of the Waltz, Sunset, etc. 

Rothschild i, Baroness W. de). Wife of the well-known 
banker, is a song writer of considerable talent, her 
118 



song " Si vous n'aviez rien a uies dire f? lias liad re- 
markable success. Of her other songs may be men- 
tioned: \Yenn du ein Herz; Glaube mir nlcht; 
Pels und Moos; Bei Dir, etc. 

Rudersdorf (Erminie, nee ilansfeldt), Russian singer^ 
composer and litterateur. Born at Icvanowsky Dec. 
12, 1822, and. died at Boston Feb. 26, 1882, where she 
resided as a very successful and popular teacher of 
singing, among laer pupils being" Emma Thursby and 
Anna Drasdil. She has written a number of songs,, 
of which ** Maying " is best known. 

An Essay ''Einige "VVorte fiber das Krlemen des 
Gesanges *% is published by ilanke, Jena. 

Huncle (Constance Leroy), American composer of songs 
(I will arise; A merry Life; The Dove of Peace; There 
is a Land;. Also chinch anthems, and organ com- 
positions. 

Rota (Countess Gilda;. Italian composer. Bom at 
Naples. Talented pianist, pupil of her father and 
llercadante. Her compositions consist of the opera. 
" Tit e Fire Wur*Jtiit/ptr* *\ a Piano concerto, instru- 
mental miisiCj and songs. 

Ryttenstcin (Constance, Baroness of,). German Ama- 
teur, composed various songs: Ave Maria; Ich denlkie 
dein; Letzter Traum; Lebe wolil, etc. 

Sablnin (Martha von). German contemporary writer of 
songs and piano pieces. Op. I Eight Songs; op. 2 
Six Songs ; op, 3 Six .Songs ; op. 4 Ballade, etc. 

Saffery (Eliza, Mrs. Henry Sheltonj. English com- 
poser of the earlier part of the igth center}' Writer 
of: u Reminiscences of a Minstrel", 10 songs 
(1832;; "Hours of melody ", songs (i 36), etc. Of 
these sets, the songs: Broken vows; 1 love thee; and 
Sailor's grave, were best known. 
119 



Saint-Didier (la Comtesse de). French amateur com- 
poser. Her cantata ' l II est rendu ' ' was performed 
at Paris, Sept. 30, 1820. 

Sainte-Ooix (Mile. de). French composer, pupil of 
Coninck, is the writer of the following operettas: 
" Les Rendezvous galante", I act, first performance at 
the Athenee, Jan. 23, 1873; "Madame de Rabunir", 
i act, at the BoufTes-Parisiens, Feb. 5, 1874; "Pygma- 
lion ", i act, at the Theatre Dejazet, Feb. 9, 1875, 
and " CJiarisoji du Printemps ", i act, performed for 
the first time at the Theatre de Versailles, March 28, 
1875- 

Sainton- Dolby (Charlotte), the famous English singer, 
was born at London, May 17, 1821, and died at Lon- 
don Feb, 18, 1885. 

Mendelssohn dedicated to her his 6 Songs opus 57, 
beside writing the contralto music in Elijah with the 
special view to her singing it. 

As a composer she has shown marked talent, her 
cantatas "The Legend of St. Dorothea", and "The 
Story of the Faithful Soul", attaining great popu- 
larity, being repeatedly performed in public. She is 
also the author of l * Florimel " , a cantata for female 
voices, written a few months prior to her death. Of 
her other writings may be mentioned a * * Tutor for 
English Singers", a complete course of Practical In- 
struction in Singing, published at London, and 
w r hich has passed through several editions, and a 
large number of songs (Marjories Almanac, etc). 

Sale (Sophia). English composer, died Westminster 
May 3, 1869. She was an excellent organist, and 
writer of some pleasing hymn tunes. 

Saligny (Clara). German composer, who has published 
a number of piano compositions, of which opuses 8, 
9 and 10, are best known. 

120 



Salter (Mary Turner). American song writer (A Water 
Lily; Little boy good sight; Fair White Flower, etc.) 

Sanders (Alma). English contemporary pianist of de- 
cided. merit, has composed a number of piano com- 
positions, which evince taste and ability. Her most 
important works are, a Trio for Piano and strings, a 
Violin Sonata, and a Quartet for Piano and strings 



Santa Coloma-Sourget (Eugenia). Eminent French 
composer, born at Bordeaux, Feb. 8, 1827. A very 
talented pianist, pupil of Zimmermann and Bertini. 
Writer of a number of "beautiful songs (published by 
IMeissonier^ Escudiex, Gerard and. other Parisian pub- 
lishers) among them such gems as " Le chant dii cre- 
puscule "; *A tine jenne fille "; ** Chant madeleine"; 
* i Une Etoile s 'and 4t C*est ton nome "", which have 
attained a most flattering success. Her one act opera 
*' Vliiwge '\ was successfully performed at Paris 1864. 
She has written a Trio for string instruments,published 
by Gerard, Paris, which possesses great merit and 
originality, and is highly spoken of by Halevy and 
others. 

Sargent (Cora Decker;. American writer of vocal music 
(A Summer Girl; Spanish, etc.;. 

Sawath (Caroline;. German writer of a number of piano 
pieces of a light and pleasing order. 

Sawyer (Hattie P./. American writer of songs and sa- 
cred music (Who'll tell; Willie Barling; Across the 
dreary sea, etc;. 

Scfiaden (Nanette von). German amateur pianist and 
composer of the latter part of the last century. Wr^te 
two Concertos for piano, and a number of Sonatas, 
Rondos and other pieces* She mas "bom, and died at 
Salzburg, Austria. 

Schaeffer (Theresa;. German composer. The following 
of her compositions appear in print: Op. I Lamen- 



tations erotique; op. 5 Mazurka; op. 13 Mazurka; op. 
14 Rondo brilliant; op. 15 Nocturne; op. 16 Capriccio; 
op. 17 Scherzo; op. 27 Serenade; acollection of 14 

songs, etc. 

Her Festival overture in C, op. 26 for large orches- 
tra (M. S.) lias been published as a piano duet by 
Paez, Berlin. 

Schauroth (Delphlne von). German composer, born 
at Magdeburg 1814, pupil of Kalkbrenner, and a 
brilliant pianist, whose playing Schumann greatly- 
admired. Mendelssohn was considerably infatuated 
with, her during his visit at Munich 1830. He speaks 
of her in his letters of that date. His well known 
11 Venetian Gondellied " (Song without words No. 6), 
and his Concerto in G minor are dedicated to her. 

Her compositions consist of several Sonatas, of 
which a "Sonata brilliant" in C minor, is very 
favorably reviewed by Schumann in his 4i Xeue 
Zeitschrift fiir Mnsik "; also a Cappricio and various 
other compositions for the piano. 

Schimon (Anna, nee Regan). Bohemian Soprano sin- 
ger and composer, bom near Carlsbad Sept. iS, 1841. 
Pupil of Halevy, and famous as a concert singer and 
vocal teacher. Wrote a number of songs and other 
vocal works, and has two operas in manuscript. 

Schtrmacfier (Dora). Bnglish composer and pianist, 
bom at Liverpool Sept. i, 1857. Studied at the 
Leipzig Conservatory of Music for three years,, gain- 
ing first prize, and was honored by "being allowed to 
play at one of the Gewandhaus Concerts, Leipzig. 
Played with great success in England and on the con- 
tinent, and is considered one of England's foremost 
female pianists. 

Schirmacher is the author of a number of songs 
and piano pieces, among which area Sonata; a Suite; 



op. 4 Romanze; op. 5 TonDiiaer; op. t> vaise ae 
Concert, etc. 
Schiesinger-Stephanl (Marie). German contemporary 

musician, and teacher of harmony. Autiior of a 
theoretical work u fvlemen tar Theorie der Mnsik'% 
to assist in self-study, -which was awarded a silver 
medal at the Antwerp World's Fair 1885. 

Schilck (Elise, Countess of), is the writer of a number of 
German songs, published "by Cranz (Geisternacht,. 
Gute Nacht, Lieder der Xacht, etc.). 

Scfimezer (Elise). German contemporary composer. 
The following compositions are printed: Op. 4, 5, 6 t 
7 Twelve Songs; op. 10 Four Song; op. 19 Two- 
Songs; op. 20 Two Songs, and the opera " Otto der 
SrJmefz J1 

Schnorrvon Carolsfeld (Malvina), wife of the celebrated 
singer, is the author of a number of pretty songs, of 
which: u Ich hort ein Bachlein rauschen ^ deserves 
special mention. 

SchoSI (Amalie). German composer, bom at Dresden, 
Sept. 28, 1823, died there Sept 18, 1879. Wrote a 
number of songs: ("Maienglockchen' 1 "Auf der 
Wartburg ", u Das ewige Lied", etc.). 

Schrelnzcr (F. 31.). German composer and pianist* 
bom at Danzig, Prussia, 1812, died 1873. A number 
of her songs and piano pieces are published at Leipzig 
and Berlin. 

Schroetcr (Corona Elizabeth), the famous German singer,, 
who was born at Gnben, Jan. 14, 1751, and died at 
Hmenau Aug. 25, 1802, "was a songwriter of consider- 
able merit. A number of her songs, which are 
very melodious settings of poems by Herder, Slat* hi- 
son, Klopstock, etc. , ivere published in two volumes. 
at Leipzig. 

Schubert (Georgine). Eminent German singer, bom at 
Dresden Get 2S 3 1840, died at Potsdam Dec. 26, 



1878. This eminent dramatic soprano, the grand- 
daughter of George Schneider, the celebrated com- 
poser (Oratorio 4t Birth of Christ ", etc.), is the writer 
of a number of meritorious songs. 

Schumann (Clara Josephine). German composer and 
pianist, bora at Leipzig Sept 13, 1819, died at Frank- 
fort a, 31., Hay 2o t 1896, was the daughter of Fried- 
rich "Wieck, the eminent teacher. Clara began her 
musical studies at a very early age under her father's 
guidance, with whom she made such rapid progress, 
that on Oct. 20, 1828, having completed her ninth 
year, she was able to make her debut in public at a 
concert In her native town, where she played with the 
pianist Exnilie Reinhold, Kalkbrenner^s 4 hand varia- 
tions from " 31oi.se ' '. 

On Nov. 8, 1830,, when just eleven, she gave her 
-first public concert at the Gewandhaus, gaining great 
credit for her playing. Among the numbers per- 
formed was a set of Variations of her own. 

On Sept 12, 1840 (the eve of her birthday) she mar- 
ried, after a romantic courtship, Robert Schumann 
who had been a very Intimate friend to the \\~ieck 
family for some years. 

This union was a very happy one, they lived for one 
another, and she looked upon It as her highest privi- 
lege to give to the world the most perfect interpreta- 
tion of her husband's works. As an interpreter of 
Schumann's music, she was absolutely unrivalled, 
and she devoted her whole life to this aim, In fact 
many of Schumann's compositions, such as the Piano 
Concerto, the Quintet, Quartet, Trios, etc., owed their 
first reputation to her. 

The influence of her husband's genial, romantic 
and poetic nature awakened in her a conception of 
the art hitherto unknown to any lady pianist 
124 



Her appearances in Holland, Austria, England and 
Germany were greeted with the utmost enthusiasm, 
and an admiration for her artistic performances was 
enhanced by her hearty affection, evoked by her 
touching devotion to her husband dining the last 
years of his life. As an artist, Clara Schumann was a 
combination of virtues, musical, musiciarily and tem- 
peramental, such as loom upon the artistic horizon 
not often in the ages. She had powerful qualities of 
brain, but she had also great depths of heart,, and 
both were balanced in her playing after a manner 
which has given her critics just ground to proclaim 
her the greatest female pianist the world has known. 
She exacted from the keyboard ~bj a form of lin- 
gering finger pressure, as opposed to percussion, a 
rare fniitiness of true quality, which, few have been 
known to attain. 

Personally, Madame Schumann was of middle 
height, rather stout, with a pale face, acqniline nose 
and deep blue expressive eyes. Her simplicity of 
manners, the refined atmosphere of her private life, 
were such as to endear her to all whom she met 

In regard to Clara Schumann's compositions, 
Franklin Taylor gives the following characterization: 
* 4 lladame Schumann's compositions^ though not 
very numerous,, evince that earnestness of purpose 
which distinguish her work in general. Even her 
earliest essays, -which, are short piano pieces -written 
for the most part in dance-form are redeemed from 
any reproach to triviality by their interesting rhythms, 
and in particular "by the freshness of their modula- 
tions, the latter "being indeed in some cases original 
even to abruptness."* 

Among her more serious compositions of later date 
are a Trio in G minor for piano, violin and cello, op. 
17, which is thoroughly mnsicianly and interesting, 

125 



three charming Cadenzas to Beethoven's Concerto's 
op. 37 and 58, and a set of three Preludes and Fugues 
op. 16, which deserve mention not only on account of 
their excellent construction, but as forming a most 
valuable study in legato playing. There is also a 
Piano Concerto op. 7, dedicated to Spohr, of which 
the passages (though not the modulations) remind one 
of Hummel; but it is a short work and not well bal- 
anced, the first movement being reduced to a single 
solo, -which ends on the dominant, and leads at once 
to the Andante. 

In the later works, as might naturally be expected, 
there are many movements which bear traces of the. 
influence of Schumann's music both in harmony and 
rhythm, but this influence, which first seems percep- 
tible in the " Soirees Musicales" Op. 5 and 6, is 
afterwards less noticeable in the piano works than in 
the songs, many of which are of great beauty. 
Schumann himself has made use of themes by Clara 
in several instances, namely in his Impromtu op. 5 
(on the theme of her Variations op. 3, which are 
dedicated to him), in the Andantino of his Sonata in 
F minor op. 14, and (as a motto) in the "Davids- 
bundler " op. 6. 

The following is a list of her compositions: Op. I 
Quatre Polonaises ; op. 2 Caprices en forme de Valse ; 
op. 3 Romance variee; op. 4 Valses Roman tiques ; 
op. 5, 6 Soirees Musicales, i-o pieces caracteristiques ; 
op. 7 Concerto No. I, in A minor; op. 8 Variations de 
Concert, in C, on the Cavatina in " II Pirata " ; op. 9 
Souvenir de Vienne, Impromtu in B b ; op. 10 
Scherzo, D minor; op. n Three Romances; op. 12 
Three Songs ; No. I Br- ist gekomrnen, No. 2 I/iebst 
du, No. 3 Warum willst du fragen ; op. 13 Six 
Songs; op. 14 Scherzo No. II, in C minor; op. 15 
Quatre pieces fugitive; op. 16 Three Preludes and 
126 



Fugues; op. 17 Trio in G minor, piaiio } violin and 
cello; op. 20 Variations on a theme by Robert 
Schumann ; op. 21 Three Romances for Piano (C, F, 
and G minor; ; op. 22 Three Romances for Violin and 
piano; op. 23 Six Songs from ** Jocunde *'. 

"Without opus numbers : i Liebeszauber, song for 
voice and piano; 2 Andante and Allegro, piano; 
3 Cadences to Beethoven's Concertos in C minor 
and G. 

Clara Schmnan edited the Breitkopf and Harte! 
Kditlon of Robert Schumann's complete piano works ; 
D. Scarlatti's 20 select Sonatas; arranged Robert 
Schumann's Quintett op, 44 for 4 hands; and edited 
Schumann's "Early Letters. "" 

La ilara has published, a biographical sketch of 
Clara Schumann in her collection of " ^Insikalische 
Studienkopfe. " 

Schuyler <'Georgina> American writer of songs : 
Across the world I speak to thee; The Apology: Go 
lovely Rose ; In a Gondola, etc. 

SchwertzeSI (IVllhelmine von,. German composer of 
songs and part-Sony^ for one, two and three voices. 

Scott Clara H.> American composer, writer of sacred 
music and part-songs for female voices. 

Scott i'Lady John Douglas -, maiden name Alicia Anne 
Spottiswoode, marrietl 1*36 Lori John Douglas Scott, 
a son of the Duke of Bnccleuch. She is the author 
of a number of well-known songs, such as: Annie 
Laurie ; Douglas tender and true ; Farewell to thee, 
Charlie : Lammennoor, A collection of her mnsica! 
compositions has been published at London. 

Seiler > Enima;. Geirnari vocal teacher and writer, bat 
residing for a loi:g time at Philadelphia. Is the 
author of an excellent work 4 "Tbe Voice in Sing- 
ing 1 ", ("Philadelphia iS69 r , that contaias a large 
amount of valuable material 
127 



Selpt '"Sophie). German composer, of whom a number 
of compositions for Cello and Piano are published 
at Cologne (Drei Rotnanzen, Fantasie, etc.) 

Sen eke (Teresa;. Italian composer, born about 1848, 
and died at Rome, November 1875. Wrote a num- 
ber of songs and piano pieces } and is the author of 
the opera "" Le D>f Am trite", which was performed 
at the Theatre Argentina, Rome. 

Sender /"lime. H. ;. French composer and pianist, 
of whom the following works appear in print: 
"Methode elementaire de chant'* in two parts, 
i Schonenberger 7 Paris,, ; op. 1 1 Exercise pour le 
trille, etc. 

Shattyck -Lillian;. American musician, writer of "The 
ven,* first Lessons for Violin " etc. 

Sheppard (Elizabeth Sara;. English novelist and 
writer, born at Blackheath 1830, died at Brixton, 
London, March 13, 1862. Author of 4t Charles Auches- 
ter" ;'i853; "Rumor" ^'1858), musical novels, in 
the former of which Mendelssohn is depicted as Sera- 
phael. 

Sherrington (Helena Lemrnens), the great English so- 
prano, who was born at Preston, Oct. 4, 1834, has 
composed a number of pleasing songs. Her sister, 
Grace Sherrington, bom at Preston 1842, is also a 
talented composer of songs, and a well known vocal 
teacher. 

Sick (Annaj, German composer and pianist. A number 
of piano compositions and several songs appear in 
print. 

Simmons (Kate). American composer of a number of 
pleasing and popular dances (Racquet galop, etc.; 

Slmons-Candeille, see Candeille. 

Slrmen, or Syrrnen (Maddalena Lornbardini de), the dis- 
tinguished Italian violinist, was bom at Venice in 
1735, and educated at the Conservatory dei Medicanti, 
128 



Venice. Studied with the celebrated violinist Tar- 
tinl, at Padua, with whom she made such marvelous 
progress In her art, that she nas considered for a 
time a worthy rival of Nardini, the famous violinist. 
At the 4 * Concerts Spiritual " at Paris, several of her 
compositions were performed with success and 
greatly admired. 

Of her various compositions the following have 
been published: 6 Trios for 2 violins and cello 
(Amsterdam j ; 3 Concertos for violin op. 2 Amster- 
dam; ; 3 Concertos for violin op. 3 f'Am&terdam'i. 
Another Concerto is mentioned by J, A. Killer as 
having been engraved at Venice. 

Slvraf (Jules de), see RoedkeL 

SkeSton (Mrs. Nellie Bangs;. American pianist and 
composer, born Aug. 15, 16159, at Lacon, 111., pupil of 
31me. de Roode Rice, and author of a number of 
piano pieces >' Gavotte, etc. ; and songs. 

Skinner Olrs. Fanny Levering , American vocal teacher, 
singer ^pnpll of 3Ime. Rudersdorf i and composer of 
a number of songs : Gypsy ; Spring ; Rapture ; 
Rose, etc. 

Skinner \ Florence Marian';. English contemporary 
composer. Her opera ** S//.^;-^ "" was produced at 
Naples, April 15, 1877, and a second opera Muriti 
Iteyina dl Seeziu" at St. Reino, Tniin and London 
during 1883. 

Smart (Harriet Anne), sister of the well-known English 
composer Henry Smart, Is the author of a nnznl*er of 
Hymns and other vocal music. She was born at 
London Oct. 20, 1817, and died there June 50, 1^3. 

Smith (Alice Mary;. English composer, born at Lotion 
Hay 19, 1^39, died there Dec. 4, iS&4. Talented 
pupil of Stemdale Bennett and Sir G. A. Macfarrea, 
Elected Associate of the London Philharmonic So- 
ciety 1867. 

129 



Her numerous works, all of which are very merito- 
rious, clear In form and free from all eccentricity, 

consist of two Symphonies, the one in C minor per- 
formed at London 1863, and the other in G, finished 
I $66. 

Her four Overtures are named * l End3'mion " ' (' fin- 
ished 1664, and re- written for the Crystal Palace 

1871 , **Lalla Rookh^ (1865;, 4 * llasque of Pandora*' 
fi57S;, and 4 *Jasonj or the Argonauts and Sirens" 
{jSjS> 

A Quartet for Piano and strings, in B flat, was fin- 
ished iS6i, another in B, 1864, two others are in E 
and G minor. 

Of her three Quartets for string, one in D was 
written 1862, and a second in 1870. The third is 
in G. 

A Concerto for Clarinet and orchestra was success- 
fully performed at the Norwich Festival 1872. An 
* * Introduction and Allegro * ' for Piano and Orchestra 
was first played by the composer 1865. 

In 1879 fc Two Intermezzi " from the * s Masque of 
Pandora 15 were finished, the overture to the same "be- 
ing "written the year before. The following cantatas 
for Soli chorus and orchestra, are published : 
i Riidesheim' > \ performed for the first time at Cam- 
bridge 1865; "Ode to the North-East Wind" first 
performance by the Hackney Choral Associations 
iSSo; * l 0de, The Passions" (words by Collins) written 
for the Hereford Festival 1882; "Song of the Little 
Baltung** (words by Kingsley), performed by the 
Lombard Amateur Association iSS2; "'The Red 
King", words by Kingsley. 

Beside these larger works, she has published quite 
a cumber of part-songs, duets and solos, all of which 
show a great vein of melody. Her pretty duet * * Oh 
130 



that we two were maying" is probably known the 
world over. 
Smith (^ Eleanor j. American writer of songs: The Quest; 

She kissed with her eyes; Cradle Song; "Where go 
the boats; The Swing, etc. 

Smith i ( Mrs. Gerritj. American vocalist, and writer of 
piano music and songs (Woodland \Varblings, etc, j 

Smith (Gertrude;. American composer, born at New 
York, daughter of the late Dr. Norman Smith, the 
excellent music dilitantti. Her compositions, show- 
ing marked talent, are highly spoken of by compe- 
tent critics. Among her best songs are: An die 
grosse Glocke; \Vachterruf ; Rose im Thai, etc. 

Smith (Fanny Morris j. American writer and musician, 
bom at Brockport, N. Y, Author of **A noble Art '% 
being a treatise on the construction of the piano, and 
4 * The Music of the Modern World ". 

Smith ; Hannali t . American writer and musician. Author 
of 4i Music, Ho wit came to be 7 *, a work treating on 
Acoustics, ancient mediaeval Belgian and Italian 
music. Opera, Oratorio, etc, . published by Scribner). 
She has compile*! a set of interesting teaching pieces 
and studies, called: ** Progressive Exercises in Sight 
Reading for the Piano ", in 12 parts. 

Smith (Laura,. English composer, and author of 
fi Music of the Waters '\ a collection of the Sailor's 
claanties, or working songs of the sea of all maritime 
nations, London i&SS. 

Smith May Florence,,. American writer and musician, 
author of: "A "Key to Perfect Reading, or Transposi- 
tion Studies at a Glance". Also songs and church 
music. 

Smith (Nettie Fiersonj. American writer of songs: 
We meet no more ; Xeath the Liilies sleeping-, etc. 

Smith (Rosalie Balmer,. American musician, writer of 
several violin compositions ^Romanza, etc.; 



Smyth ( Ethel 31. .1. English, contemporary . composer, 
talented pupil of Herzogenberg. Her 4 ' Mass in D '\ 
is of such decided merit, as to deserve the attention 
of all choral societies. This work is intensely modem 
in stvle and rather suggestive of Gounod in its ex- 
pression of feeling, but it is by no means an imitation 
of that master, and in sustained dignitj* and breath 
of thought is quite equal to any modern work of its 
class. 

Miss Smyth refrained printing her name in full, 
but only the initials E, M. Smyth appeared on the 
title page of the Mass. Her opera 4 'Dfr Wald ' *, the 
text of which is her own, was performed at Berlin > 
and at London (July 18, 1902), and is declared by 
critics as exceptionally good. Its success has been 
most pronounced. 

Oilier important works by Miss Smyth are : A 
>uintett B for strings, performed at Leipzig 1884; a 
Sonata in A minor op, 7 for Violin and piano ; a Ser- 
enade in D for orchestra, and the overture u Antony 
and Cleopatra", both works being performed at the 
Crystal Palace 1890. 

She has written a number of songs and other com- 
positions. 

Sneed (Miss Anna, now Mrs. Cairn). American com- 
poser, writer of a number of melodious songs (Break, 
break o sea, etc.). 

Soyrget, see Santa-Coloma-Sonrget. 

Spar man i Helen). American musician and writer* 
author of **An Attempt at an Analysis of Music", a 
very able philosophical treatise, and of i4 Lessons in 
Audition 1 ', an excellent work. 

Spence (Sirs. Sarah). English writer, author of "An 
Instruction to the Science of Harmony", London 
iSio. 

132 



Spencer (Fanny Morris). American composer, "bom at 
Xewfourgh, X. Y. Author of a number of songs 
(Awake my love. When I know, Homeward, \Vell-a- 
Day, etc), Church Anthems, and a set of 32 Bfarmn 
Tunes. 

Sporleder (Charlotte). German composer 5 born at Cas- 
selXov. 8, 1,836. Author of a 4t Grand SSnata' 1 for 
piano ; Study for the left hand ; Ballade, Valse bril- 
lant, etc.j and Concertante for Violin and Piano. 

Stair ( Patty). American composer, resident of Cleveland, 
Writer of songs, Piano music, etc. 

Stefofolns (Genevieve). American writer, author of 
u Dynamic Breathing' 1 . 

Stecher (Marianne). German composer and organist. 
Has written various compositions, of which may be 
mentioned the following organ works: Op. 7 Eight 
Fugues; op. 13 Six Fugues ; 8-S Fughi per 2'organo; 
also a Grand Sonata in B, for Piano 4 hands. 

St. John (George Eoydenj. American composer of 
songs: In Dreamland; Ton jours Amour; Bonny 
Prince Charlie : Cupid at the Bar. etc. Died at Xew 
York iS99, a victim of the Windsor Hotel Fire. 

Stelner (Emma M. j. American com|X}ser, bom at Balti- 
timore, has acquired more than a local reputation as 
a talented musician. Author of the operettas "The 
Ale1iyini*i*\ and "Fliurt'ttt'*\ and a number of or- 
chestral arrangements, and various songs, 

Stewart < Annie 11.^. American miiter of ^Snjn- 

mer's crowning- day, etc.) 

Stewart ("Madame ;, -writer of an opera % X?i S^i^fra ** 
which was performed at the "Theatre Xuovo'*, 
Xaples, April iSj7, "but with only limited success. 
Stewart (Mrs. Colonel/. English writer, author of 
"Critical Remarks on the Art of Singing '% 
at London 1836. 

133 



Stewart (F. M.). American writer of songs and piano 
pieces. 

Stirling (Elizabeth). Eminent English organist and, 
composer, born at Greenwich. Feb. 26, 1819, died in 
London, 3Iarch 25, 1895. Was a pupil of Edward 
Holmes and Sir G-. A, Macfarren, and considered one 
of the finest English organists, her pedal playing 
being exceptionally good. In 1850, her part-song 
4 "All among the barley " (for S. S. T. B.) carried off 
one of the prizes given by Xovello & Co. 

In 1856 she submitted a composition (Psalm CXXX 
for 5 voices and orchestra) to the University of Ox- 
ford foi the degree of Mus. Bac. Oxon. Though ac- 
cepted and highly spoken of, owing to the want 
of power to grant a degree to a woman none could 
be conferred. 

Miss Stirling has published: Two grand volun- 
taries; six pedal fugues; eight slow movements, and 
other works for the organ, as well as a number of ar- 
rangements from the works of Handel, Bach and 
Mozart. 

Her part-songs are very popular, over fifty being- 
published, also a number of songs, duets and piano 
pieces. 

Stocker (Mrs. Stella Prince). American writer of songs. 
(A Sea Song ; "While thou wert by, etc.) 

Sto!lcwerk (Nina vonj. Austrian composer of a num- 
ber of pretentious works, among which may be num- 
bered two Symphonies. Also piano music, songs 
and several male choruses. 

StrozzI (Barbara). Italian composer, bom at Venice 
about the middle of the ijth century. The follow- 
ing compositions appear in print: "II primo libro 
de iJadrigali a 2, 3 e 5 voci" (Venice (1644); " Can- 
tata, ariette et duetti " (Venice 1653) ; ** Ariette a voce 

134 



sola M (Venice 1658 j, and " Cantate a voce sola" 
^Venice 1660). 
An opera "Diporti d* Euterpe" was successfully 

performed at Venice 1659. 
Rkordi re-published two of her songs (''Amor e 

bandito", and S4 Amor dormigllone") in the collec- 
tion of old Italian songs " Eleganti Canzoni ed Aria 
Italiane del Secolo XVII ". 

Stubenberg Countess Anna Zichy). Hungarian compo- 
ser of a large number of piano pieces and songs, her 
opus number reaching 90. 

Sutro (Mrs. Theodore, nee Florence Clinton). American 
composer and pianist, pupil of Dr. Win. Mason and 
Dudley Buck. Is the author of a number of piano 
pieces and songs (My first Love, etc.,) and a " Fugue 
for 4 voices M . 

Swepstone (Edith). Contemporary English composer, 
author of a number of short Cantatas ( ' * Idylls of the 
Moon 1 * ; ** Ice King", etc.,) several compositions for 
cello and piano (Fantastic; Plaintive, etc.,; violin 
music, (Cavatina, etc.;, piano pieces, and various 
songs. 

Several movements from an unfinished Symphonic 
were performed at Leyton, March 10, 1887. An or- 
chestral overture **Les Tenebres" was played at 
Queens Hall, Feb. 9 S 1897. 

Her compositions for chamber mnsic consist of a 
Quintet in F minor, for piano and strings, and a 
ynartet in G minor for strings. 

Swift (Mrs. Gertrude H. L American writer. The 

following songs are printed: A Fancy ; Hark, hark 
the lark ; Serenade ; Art tfaoii same, etc. 

Synge TMary Helena . Irish composer pianist, bom 
at Parsonstown, Ireland. Pupil of the Brussels 
Conservator v. Her compositions consist of vocal tries 

135 



(" Spring 1 /' etc.}- various songs (Time and Eternity; 
jFate, etc. j, and piano- pieces. 
Szta ray (Countess Margit). Polish, composer. (Ave ^laria 

for 4 female voices and organ, etc). 
Szarvady, see Clausz. 

Szymanowska (Marie, nee Wolowska). Polish pianist 
and composer, born 1790, died at St. Petersburg 
i S3 1, pupil of John Field. "Was considered one of 
the finest pianist of her time, being called the t4 Fem- 
inine Field", playing with great success at Leipzig, 
Berlin, Vienna, St. Petersburg, Hamburg, etc. 

Her compositions are of a brilliant nature, mostly 
for the piano (5 Fantasias, various Nocturnes, several 
Variations, etc.;-. 

A set of 12 Concert Studies are very highly spoken 
of by Schumann, who reviews them as being <{ really 
good and Improving, especially for studying figuration, 
ornaments and rhythm " 

She lias published 4 Waltzes for one piano three 
hands (Sennevrald, Warsaw), an odd combination, 
seldom attempted. 

Talte i Annie). Talented English composer and pianist, 
pupil of Sir G. A. Macfarren, Among her works 
may be nientioned a Trio for piano and strings; a 
Sonata in F, for piano; and several songs and piano 
pieces. She died at an early age at Eastbourne Feb. 
24, iSS6. 

Tardleu de MaSIeville (Charlotte). French contempo- 
rary composer and distinguished pianist, is the author 
of a number of pleasing piano compositions. 

Taylor (Mrs. A. H. ). American writer of songs (Oft 
when my soul; Rock of Ages ; There Is a land, etc.). 

Taylor (Mrs. Tom, nee Laura Barker). English compo- 
ser of ability. Wrote the Cantata "Enone", a So- 
nata for Violin and Piano, and a number of pretty 
glees, songs, etc. 

136 



Compiled and harmonized a collection of "Bal- 
lads and Songs of Brittany", London 1865, *and 
wrote the incidental music to "As you like it ", iSSo. 

Temple (Hope). English contemporary composer, whose 
songs have attained great popularity, "An Old Gar- 
den ", "My Lady's Bower " and " In Sweet Septem- 
ber" passing through numerous editions. Other 
well-known songs are : Auf Wiedersehn, 'Tis all that 
I can say, Memories, Fond heart farewell, etc. Among 
her works may be mentioned an operetta " The 
Wooden Spoon ". 

Tennyson (Lady). Wife of the poet, was an accom- 
plished musician, and composed the music for some 
of her husband's poems, including the patriotic 
verses " Hands all around " She died at Aid worth, 
England, August jo, 1896. 

Thegerstrom (Hilda). Composer of a r umber of pleas- 
ing piano pieces and songs, published in Germany 
and in Sweden. 

Thfonville (Mme. A.). French contemporary writer, 
author of the work " Questionnaire sur la musique " 
published by Choudens, Paris, 1875. 

Thomas (Adelaide Louisa). English pianist and compo- 
ser, born at Clapham, London. In 1893 she passed 
the exam "nation for Mus. Bac. Oxford, but was n -t 
allowed to take the degree. Is the author of "A 
Royal Road to Pianoforte Playing 3> , also composer 
of some church music. 

Thompson (Alexandra). Contemporary English com- 
poser, daughter of the Archbishop of York, Rev. \V. 
Thompson (1819-1890). Her most important w T ork 
"The Battle of the Baltic", for chorus and orches- 
tra, was performed at the Hovington Festival, Octo- 
ber 1890. Wrote the Shepherds elegy "Holiday in 
Arcadie ", a number of madrigals, etc. 

137 



Thurber fXettie CO- American composer, writer oi a 

number of pleasing songs, etc. 

Thys 'Xebaiilt Pauline j. French dramatic composer, bom 
at Paris 1856, daughter of Alphose Thys, a well- 
known musician. Her dramatic works consist of 
the one-act operetta "/* Puitune de TnrquU^", per- 
formed at the Bonffes-Parisiens 1857, the two oper- 
ettas ** Qua/ul Ditu e*t (I fins le menage^ and H /fi> 
Ptrrvq'fc *1 B<iiUi*\ both of which were finished 
iS6o; the comiqne opera in two acts "h Ptiy* tie co- 
$fifjii"\ which was performed at the Theatre 
Lyrique May 24, 1862, with considerable success, and 
frequently repeated, also the opera in 3 acts *' /r Cnlta- 
rttd*! Pt-Cas8 ", which was given at the Alcazar, 
Brussels on Oct. 19, 1868. 

A comic opera in three acts "Z<? Fruit tertt " has 
not been played in public, while another opera * 4 le 
3/ari*ige tit Tabarln " has met with considerable suc- 
cess at Rheiins (Grand Theatre Dec. 5, 1885), at the 
Theatre Royal. Florence, and other places. 

She is also the author of a * * drame lyrique ' ' called 
44 Judith " parts of which have frequently been played 
in public, and has published quite a number of songs. 

Tone I (Leonie). French composer, writer of a large 
number of light piano music, that had a read}* sale 
in its time (Perles et Diamants, etc). 

Torry { Jane SlomanJ. American composer of a number 
of piano pieces and songs : (Titania, Barbara 
Fritchie, Margery Daw, Queen of the Night, etc.) 

Townsend (Mrs. ). Author of "Floral Music Book 
for Young L earners '*, published at London, 1862. 

Townsend (Mansfield, right name Marie Townsend 
Allen). Writer of the opera. "Hawaii ", (M. S. ), and 
a number of songs, duets and quartets (Summer 
Days, Hammock Song, etc.). 
138 



Train (Adelalne). American composer of a number of 
songs: Snowflakes, The Rose, Persian Serenade, etc. 

Travenet (Mme, B. de). French poet and composer, 
of whom two collections of ** Romances et chansons- 
avec accomp, de pianoforte on le hsrp& ", were pn1> 
lished at Paris, 1797. 

Tret bar (Helen). American writer, bom at Buffalo, 
N. Y. Talented translator of musical works, and 
writer of songs, etc., (From youth's happy day, etc.). 

Troop (Emily Josephine). Contemporary English com- 
poser. Her compositions consists of violin 
piano music, Trios for women "s voices, songs and va- 
rious piano pieces. 

TschetschuSfn (Agnes). Composer of songs, violin 
music (Alia Zingaresca, Berceisse), etc. 

Tschierschky (Wilhelmine von). German composer of 

a num'ber of songs, 

Tschitscherfn (Theodosia de). Russian composer, of 
whom a u Grand Festival March *" for large orchestra 
(published at Leipzig; was played at the 25111 anni- 
versary of the coronation of Czar Alexandre II of 
Russia, 

Tyfabs (Mrs. F. Cecilia). English writer, translator of 
Dr. Joseph Schluter's " General History of Music "\ 
London, 1865. 

Tun iso n (Z(OiiiseJ. Coatemporary writer of songs: 
Dying Rose ; Song of a Heart ; XigHt ; Xext 

Summer, etc. 

Tusscnbroek (Hendrika van). Dutch composer, "bom 
at Utrecht, Dec, 2, 1854. Has published a number 
of vocal ciuets and songs, of which a collection of 
children songs 4t Meidoorn "deser\-e social mention. 

Tyrell (Agnes). German composer, born at Brann, Aus- 
tria, 1848. An excellent pianist, pupil of Pachsr, 
Vienna (piano) and Kitzler i theory). 

159 



Her works consist of a Symphony, three Overtures 
and several smaller works for orchestra. Also vari- 
ous piano compositions, of which a set of "12 grand 
Concert Studies ' * op. 48, are very meritorious. 

Uccelll OXme. Carolina;. Italian composer, born at 
Florence about iSio, died there 1855. Talented mu- 
sician, of whom the opera t SHU!" was performed at 
the Theatre Pergola, Florence, 1830. The success of 
her first opera induced her to write a second "'Emma 
i?i Btxbifryo", -which was finished 1832, and per- 
formed at Milan and Naples. Of a third opera 
l ' Eitftmio di JAW/w ! \ only the overture has been 
performed in public. 

VaiUe ;'A. C. ). Author of the work "Vocal Science", 
published by O. Ditson & Co. 

Valentine (Ann;. English musician of the iSth century, 
composer of "Ten Sonatas for harpsichord and 
violin " op. i (1798). - 

asi Boren (Alicia). American contemporary composer. 
Breitkopf & Hartel have published a String Quar- 
tette, and songs: Afar; Constancy; June Song 1 , etc.) 
YanderpoeS (Kate). American writer of songs (Cradle 
Song; Please smile; Where love is s etc.) 

annah (Kate). American poet and composer, bom at 
Gardiner, Maine, pupil of E. Perabo. Writer of a 
number of pleasing songs (mostly for Alto voice), of 
which the best known are: Good-bye sweet day; 
When love is old; Cradle Song; Singing in God's 
Acre; Parting, etc. Also piano and church music. 

c!theirrs (Charlotte). German vocalist and pianist, born 
at Breslau March 30, 1803, died April 27, 1873. An 
excellent singer, and writer of a number of pretty 
songs and variations for the piano. 

Venth (Mrs. Lydia Knnz ). Contemporary American 
composer and pianist. Has published a number of 
140 



piano compositions i t Mazurka, Brooklet, Sonatina,^ 
Moments Musicale, etc.j. Resident of Brooklyn. 
Verger (Virginia Morel duj. French composer, bom at 

Metz 1799, died at the castle Verger 1870. Talented 
pianist, author of a Piano Sonata; 3 Duettini for 
violin and piano; S Etudes Melcdiques, etc.) 

espermann (Marie). German composer, of -whom a 
number of piano compositions are published In Ger- 
many. 

ezzana (Lucrezia Orslnai, a nxin connected vrith the 
convent of Santa Christina at Bologna, during the 
I jili century. A collection of her compositions, en- 
titled * 4 Compoiilmenti musical! di motettl coscer- 
tanti a nnaet pin voci ", was published by Gardano, 
at Venice 1623. 

Wlardot- Garcia (Pauline Michelle Ferdinands, 1 , the great 
Ivric singer, born at Paris, July iS, 1^21, Is the 
younger sister of the famous Ulalibran, and the 
daughter of the celebrated singer ar.l teacher Manutl 
Garcia, from whom he received htr principal vocal 
education, btsi'le stii'Iying piano with Meysenbtrg 
and Liszt, and compc^Iiiun with Kticha. 

Published a nuinbrr cf succt>sfnl ^ongs, and clever 
arrangements for voice of Chopin's llazurkas, 
Waltzes, etc. Of her song "Die Kapelle *\ Schu- 
mann speaks In very favorable terms. 

She has -ttTitten a number of operettas, of which 
"tier htzfe lf<t$i''r*' ^"Of/r-", and -T/"/'' ? * Fr^i^"" 
have been frequently performed at Weisnar and, 
Baden-Baden, 

Her piano compositions consist of: "Album *le 12 
Romances ", "Album Rnsse de 12 Mtlodses '\ "a Po- 
lonaise for 4 hands", etc. A set of 4 * 6 Morceaux 
pour violon et piano M Is published by Gerard, Paris. 
A set of vocal studies "An Hour of Study ' ' are used 
verv much, by vocal teachers. 
141 



After retiring from the stage , she devoted consid- 
erable time to teaching, among her pupils being 
Artot, Maria Brandt, Orgeni, Antoinette Sterling and 
other noted singers. 

Schumann dedicated to her Ms " Liederkrels *' op. 
42, a collection of songs. 

Her daughter Louise has inherited her mother's 
talent, see: Heritte-Viardot 

Yigny (Louise von). German composer, of whom the 

following works are printed: Op. 2 Psalm XXYTI, 

for soprano and piano; Three songs for Alto and 

piano ; 4 Songs for Bass, etc. 

11 lard (Nina de). Contemporary writer of piano miisic 

(Valse brillante. Nocturne, etc.) 

Ining (Helen Sherwood j. American musician and 
writer, bom in Brooklyn, N. Y. Author of a Piano 
Primer and other works of a didactic nature. 
Yizzan! (Orsina). Italian madrigal composer, bom at 
Bologna 1593, "^ whom, in consequence of her play- 
ing these works, as well as her own compositions, the 
introduction of the madrigal is greatly clue. 
orwerk (Henrietta). Hungarian composer, born at 
Erkelenz, Aug. 13, 1845, pupil of Prof. Sieber, Berlin. 
Published a number of piano pieces and songs, 
which are well spoken of by critics. 
rabely (Stephanie Wiirm brand j, see: Wurmbrand. 
Wainwrigfit (Harriet ). English composer, who flourished 
between 1 780-1840, published a 4 " Collection of songs, 
duets, trios and choruses *' London iSio; 4i Cornaia" 
a dramatic poem from Ossian (published 1803 X also 
various songs. Her work * Critical remarks on the 
art of Singing "', was published at London 1836. 
Wakefleld (Augusta Mary). English composer, born at 
Kendal, Aug. 19, 1853. Contralto singer of note, and 
writer of a number of popular ballads and songs, 
142 



such as " Yes, Sir! " and lt No, Sir! " Also various 
choruses. 

Waldburg-Wurzach (Julie von). German amateur com- 
poser, born at Vienna, April 27, 7841, of whom over 
60 compositions have appeared in print, consisting of 
songs, various piano pieces, etc. 

Walker(Bettina). English writer and pianist, pupil of 
Henselt. Author of "My Musical Experience' 7 
London, 1890. She died at Fttlham, Feb. 4, 1893. 

Walker (Gertrude). American writer, author and com- 
piler of a collection of ' ' Songs and Games for Little 
Ones". 

Walker (Ida). American writer of songs (My soul is 
dark, Give me thy heart, etc.), piano pieces and 
other compositions. 

Wallace (Lady Maxwell). Scottish writer, born at Edin- 
burgh, about 1815, died 1878. 

Translator of various musical works, among which 
maybe named: " Mendelssohn's Letters from Italy" 
(London 1862) 2 vols; " Letters of Felix Mendelssohn 
from 1833-1847 " (1863); "Letters of Mozart 1769- 
1791" (1865); "Beethoven's Letters 1790-1826" 
(1866); " Letters of distinguished Musicians" (1867); 
also Elise Polko's "Reminiscences of Felix Mendels- 
sohn Bartholdy" (1869), and Kohl's "Life of 
Mozart". 

Walter (Ida). English composer, of whom a 4 act opera 
" Flavian," was performed at the Novelty Theatre, 
London, 1886. Wrote various songs (Sea hath its 
pearls; O let the solid ground, etc.) 

Ward (Kate Lucy). English composer, born at Wilts 
1833. Pupil of the Royal Academy of Music. While 
a student there, Mendelssohn highly praised and en- 
couraged her in her studies. As a composer she has 
devoted her principal efforts to songs, which are said 
to be chaste, graceful and musicianly in style, the 

143 



"best known being: Ah! my heart is weary; Mother, 
the winds are at play; The Tempest; True Hearts. 

Warchouf (Mme. S. de;. French writer, and author of 
the pedagogic work "Velocifere gramatical, ou la 
Langue francaise et 1'orthographe apprises en chan- 
tant J ' published at Paris, iSo6. 

Wartel (Teresej. French pianiste and writer, bom at 
Paris. July 2, 1814, and died there Nov. 6, 1865. A 
very talented pianist, the first woman admitted as 
Soloist at the concerts of the **Societe des concerts 
du Conservatoire '", Paris. 

Published a ninnber of piano pieces, studies and 
other instructive works. 

Webster (Clarinda Augusta). English pianist and 
writer. Author of "Groundwork of Music " 2 Vols; 
''Child's Primer of the Theory of Music", and 
u Handel: an outline of his life ". 

Weldon iGeorgina;. English composer, singer and choir 
leader, was born at Clapham, Ma}' 24, 1857. Her ro- 
mantic friendship with Gounod is well known, as 
well as their bitter enmity later on. She has written 
a number of songs. Author of '* Musical Reform "\ 
London 1872; ' * Hints for Pronunciation in Singing 1 *, 
London 1872, and has published an ** Autobiographic 
of Chas. Gounod ". 

Wensley (Frances Foster). English composer and pian- 
ist, pupil of Kalkbrermer. Wrote a set of ' * Four 
Songs " (1823;, Variations on "God Save the 
Queen'*, etc. 

Westrop (Kate). English organist of ability. Composer 
of "Four short voluntaries for organ (1885), songs 
and other works. 

Wette (Mrs. Adelheid), sister of Humperdink, the com- 
poser of "Hansel and Gretel' 1 , etc., is like her 
"brother a talented musician. A two-act fairy-play 
*"Der Froschkonig ' ' (the Frog-King) to which she 

144 



wrote the text, was received with much, applause at 
Cologne and at Aix-la-Chapelle. 

White (Emma C.). American writer of songs and Piano 
music. 

White (Maude Valerie), born of English parents at 
Dieppe, June 23, 1855. Pupil of Rockstro and Sir G. 
A. Macfarren at the Royal Academy of Music, where 
she won the Mendelssohn Scholarship prize 1879. 
Completed her studies at Vienna 1883. As a song- 
writer she ranks among the first of English compo- 
sers, her songs, which are very melodious and well- 
written, are well adapted to the voice. Grove credits 
her best songs to be those set to the words of Herrick 
and Shelley. Of her song ' ' My soul is an enchanted 
boat" from Shelley's "Prometheus Unbound", 
Grove speaks, ' ' that she has completely caught the 
spirit of Shelley's beautiful words, and has proved 
herself to be an adequate interpreter of a most ex- 
quisite lyric, and it is not too much to say that the 
song is one of the best in the English language ", 

Miss White's list of songs is quite large, worthy of 
praise is her thorough appreciation of the importance 
of the words of songs, an appreciation attested alike 
by the excellence of the poetry she sets to music, and 
by her own careful attention to the metre and accents 
of the verse. 

The following comprises a list of her best known 
songs: To Mary; Absent yet present; The devout 
lover; Ye Cupids; When passion's trance; To Blos- 
soms; To Daffodils; A Widow Bird; To Music; Ophe- 
lia's Song; Ave Maria, etc. 

Of Miss White's German and French songs may be 
specially mentioned: Heine's "Wenn ich in deine 
Augen seh" and c< Im wunderschonen Monat Mai", 
and Victor Hugo's '* Chantez, chantez, jeune Inspi- 
ree ", and { Henreux qui peut aimer", also a fine set- 

145 



ting of Schiller's " Ich habe gelebt und geliebt' 7 , for 

Soprano and orcliestra. 

A number of lier songs are published in Album 
form. 

Beside songs, she lias written a Mass (performed at 
London 1881;, a number of part-songs, a collection of 
children Songs ; some piano music, and various com- 
positions for cello and piano, and violin and piano. 

WIchern (Caroline;. German composer of a number of 
part-songs for women's voices (op. 42] and of various 
songs for one voice (op. 41, 43, etc.) 

WIckerhauser (Natalie j. German composer, of whom 
the following compositions are printed: Op. 8 Mor- 
ceaux caracteristiques, op. II Traumbilder, 4 piano 
pieces; op. 6 Six Songs without words; op. 7 Two 
songs for an Alto voice, etc. 

WIeck (Marie;, Sister of Clara Schumann, and like her, 
pupil of her father Friederich \\~ieck, was born at 
Leipzig Jan. 17, 1855. She is an excellent teacher 
and pianist, appearing with success in numerous con- 
ceits in Germany, Sweden, England, etc. Her com- 
positions consist of 3 Concert Studies for the left 
hand; 44 Atendbilder " for voice and piano; a Scherzo 
for piano, and " Ave Maria " and several other vocal 
compositions. 

Wiggins (Kate C. j. Author of 4 * Kindergarten Chimes *\ 
and other juvenile collections. 

Williams (Marie Jane;. Welch writer, torn in Glamor- 
gan, Oct. 9, 1793, died Nov. io 1673. Compiler of: 
"Ancient National airs of Gwent & Morgan wg", 
being a collection of original Welch melodies hith- 
erto unpublished, Llandovery 1844. ^he work was 
awarded a prize at one of the Eisteddfods. 

Wills (Harriet Burdett). Contemporary Song-writer. 
The following songs appear in print; A Night Song; 
A Norse Lullaby ; My Lady's Eyes. 
146 



Wilson (Mrs. Cornwall Baron). English poet and com- 
poser. Died at London Jan. 12, 1846. Composer 
of:-" Songs of the Ship"; " Water music, a collec- 
tion of national melodies ", etc. In 1837 she gained 
the prize of the Melodist's Club, and also medals at 
various Bardic Festivals in Wales. 

Winkel (Therese Emilie Henrietta, aus dem). German 
Harp virtuoso, born at Weissenfels, Dec. 20, 1784. 
Is the writer of several pamphlets on the construc- 
tion of the harp. A set of three Sonatas for the harp 
and violin are published by Arnold, Dresden. 

Wiseneder (Caroline), German composer, born at 
Brunswick Aug. 20, 1807, died there Aug. 25, 1868. 
A most successful teacher, founder (1860) of the cele- 
brated " Wiseneder Music School for the Blind" at 
Brunswick, which she brought to such a high state of 
perfection, that after its model, numerous similar 
schools have been founded in Germany. Her native 
city honored her memory by placing her marble bust 
in the vestibule of the Town Library. 

She has published a number of instructive works, 
suitable for Kindergarten, as well as more advanced 
pupils. Her posthumous compositions consist of the 
operas "le Dame duPcwis ", and "Das Jitbelfest, oder 
die clrei Gefcingenen ", several melodramas and songs. 
Her invention of a movable music chart for the 
blind has met with great success. 

Wood (Mrs. George). American writer of the songs 
Go lovely Rose; Hope on; The promised Kiss; The 
Sword and the crimson bow, etc. 

Wood (Mary Knight). Talented American composer, 
pupil of Arthur Foote and B. J. Lang. Her works 
consist of a Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello, and a 
number of songs, among which may be mentioned; 
Ashes of Roses ; When; Heartsease; Dodelinette; 
Autumn; A Wild Rose; A Valentine; Clover Blos- 

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soms ; At Da\vti (with cello obligate) ; Queen Whims, 
etc. Her songs have a delicate sentiment and refine- 
ment of melody, that commend them to the musician. 

Wood (Mary Louise;. English ' contemporary organist 
and writer. Author of " Liturgy of the church from 
the musical point of view "'. 

Wood hull (Mar}* G. j. American writer of songs (Love is 
ever, etc.j 

Wookstock | Mattie). American writer of songs, 

Woolf (Sophia Julia}. English pianist and composer, 
born In London 1831, died West Hampstead Sept. 27, 
1893. Talented pupil of Cyprian Potter, and writer 
of the opera 4 ' Cttrinn ", produced at the Opera Co- 
miqiie, London, Sept. 27, 1888, and of a number of 
songs and piano pieces. 

Worgan (Marie> English composer, published a number 
of songs about 1750-60. 

Worth {Adelaide;. American writer of songs (True 
Hearts; Land that is Kissed, etc.> 

Wright (Ellen). English song composer of the present 
time, pupil of Henry Gadsby and F. \V. Davenport. 
Among her songs may be mentioned: "Dawn of 
life" with, orchestral accompaniment; also: Queen 
of my days; Had I but known; Love's entreaty; She 
walks in beauty; a set of Six Songs poetry by Burns, 
Prior, etc. j; Violets -, t very popular, , etc. A number 
of her songs have been sung by Santly in public. 

Wuiet :' Caroline; 1 . French composer and novelist, bom 
at Rambouillet 1766, died at Paris 1835. She was the 
daughter of an organist, and at five years of age con- 
sidered a musical prodigy. Queen Marie Antoinette 
showed considerable interest in her musical educa- 
tion, procuring for her the services of Gretry, under 
whose tuition she made great progress. 

Of her songs, the romances 4fc Comme elle etait 
jolie *' and " Moi j'aime la danse ", were very popu- 
148 



lar in their time. An operetta "VSevwt** Errenr " 

met with, success at the Theatre Beanjolals 1786. . 

Beside the above ^ mentioned, compositions she has 
published a number of instrumental worts of merit 
(3 Sonatas pour Clavecin, avec Violon et Basse, 
Paris, 1785, etc.). 

The French Academy elected her an Honorary- 
member. 

Wurm (Marie). English composer and excellent pianist, 
born at Southampton, May 10, 1860. She is the win- 
ner, three times ia succession, of the London Men- 
delssohn Stipend, founded by Jenny Lind. Her 
teachers were Dr. Stark and Prnckner j Stuttgart;, 
and later on Clara Schumann, Raff, Tavlor, Arthur 
Sullivan, Dr. Stanford and Dr. Bridge, and i8S6 at 
Leipzig, Dr. Reinecke, 

Her published compositions are very meritorious, 
consisting of a Piano Concerto, in B minor, highly 
spoken of by eminent critics, as being of masterly 
workmanship, fall of originality, melodious charm 
and vigour; a String Quartet in B flat, op, 40 * Lon- 
don 18941; a Sonata op. 17 for Violin and piano; a 
Sonata for cello and piano; 44 Conceit Overture " for 
large orchestra; " Lullaby "op. 7 for string orches- 
tra; Estera Gavotte, for orchestra; Three pieces for 2 
Pianos (Praeludinm, Fugue and Ballade;, Garotte 
and Pastorale, for- 2 Pianos 4 hands; * * Tanzweisen " 
for 4 hands; op. 8 Madrigals for 5 voices; various 
piano pieces ; also a number of part-songs and songs, 
Wurm brand \ Countess Stephanie Vrabely ). German 
composer, of whom the following works appear in 
print: 4fc Concertstiick, im Ungarischen Styl '\ for 2 
pianos; Sonata op. 24, for Violin and piano; Concert 
Paraphrase op. 41; Tanzscenen op. 31; Two Novel- 
ettes op. 33; Phantasiestiicke op. 25; Character- 

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stucke, etc; Also the Incidental music to "Die 
schoene Melusine ". 

Young (Mrs. Corlnne). American writer of songs. 
Young (Eliza ilazzucatoj. American composer, whose 
composition consists of songs and piano pieces i Stac- 
cato Etude, etc.;. 

Young (Harriet Maitiand). Contemporary English, com- 
poser of several operettas, "An, Artist's Proof", pro- 
duced at Brighton, Feb. 4, 1882; the " Quetn of 
Hearts" at Dartford, Feb. 6, iSSS; "The Holy 
Sranfk " (unperformed) and ' l WJiih one floor shuts "\ 
Published a number of songs, and some instrumen- 
tal music. 

Zamoyska . Countess Gizycka). Polish composer of 
piano music ^Sarabande; Gavotte; Roccoco, etc.; and 
various songs t'Der Sanger; Marie, etc. j. 
Zapater j'Rosaria,). Spanish vocalist, pianist and poetess. 
Bom about 1840. She is the author of the libretto to 
AgTiirre's opera "Gil ftmattti di T^ruele", which is 
considered as one of the best opera librettos ever 
written. Brandus, Paris,, has published her very fine 
vocal method, also a very serviceable instruction 
book for piano, and a number of songs. 
Zaubitzer -'Ida-. German musician ami Zither-player, 
published a number of compositions for her instru- 
ment. 

Zeissier / Mrs. BloomSeld ,, the well-known American 
pianist, is the author of a number of brilliant piano 
pieces. 

Zcntner ( Clary; Italian composer, of whom the follow- 
ing piano works are published: Fantaisie in C; op. 5 
Fantaisie sur Semirarnide; op. 6 Divertissement; op. 
7 Elegie harmoniqne ; op. 9 Fantaisie brillant ; op. 
14 Recreation on Passe Temps; op. 15 Variations, 
etc. 

ISO 



Zimmermann (Agnes). German composer and pianist, 
born at Cologne, Prussia, July 5, 1847, residing at 
London. 

She is considered one of the foremost women pian- 
ist of our time. Her teachers have been Cipriani, 
Potter and Pauer (piano), and Dr. Steggall and 
George Macfarren (composition). 

Twice she obtained the King's Scholarship (1860 
and 1862), and received the silver medal two years in 
succession. 

Her compositions, written chiefly in a classic form 
and style, include 3 Sonatas for violin and piano 
(opus 16, 21 and 23) ; a Sonata op. 19 for violin, cello 
and piano 5 a Cello Sonata' op. 17 j a Sonata op. 22 
for piano ; various other piano pieces (Mazurka op. 
ii ; Presto and Tarantelle op. 15; Barcarolle op. 8 ; 
Bolero op. 9 ; Canon ; Sarabande and Gigue ; Ca- 
price; Bourre; Scherzo, etc.) 

Her vocal compositions consist of part-songs, a 
number of duets and songs. 

Miss Zimmermann has edited in excellent style 
Beethoven's and Mozart's Sonatas, and pieces by 
Schumann. 
Zittelmann (Helene). German composer of a number 

of songs and melodious piano pieces. 
Zumsteeg (Bmilie). German composer, born at Stutt- 
gart, Dec. 9, 1796, died there Aug. i, 1857, daughter 
of the well-known composer, R. Zumsteeg. Her 
home was a meeting place for such artists as C. M. 
von Weber, Neukomm, Zoellner, Kreutzer, Hummel, 
Lindpaintner,. etc. 

Her " prima-vista " playing is said to have been 
marvelous. Of her compositions, her songs met with 
great favor, being very melodious. 

Her most pretentious work is an overture to the 
play "Die Geister Insel". 

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