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Woods-McAfee Memorial 








Hon. REUBEN T. DURRETT, A. M., LL. D., of Louisville, Ky. 


















It should ]>(■ iKiited at the outset that this work 
\\as iiii(]('rtaken ^yith almost exclusive reference to 
certain brandies (^f the Wooclses and the ^McAfees, 
ft is therefore niainlv a family affair, an<l it un- 
avoidahly contains a s'ood deal of matter which 
must possess small interest for the general reader. 

At the same time it is claimed that this liook 
lias in it a great deal relating to^ the history of 
Virginia and Kenlucky whidi is ]iart and parcel 
of the story of these gTeat Commonwealths, and 
suited to interest all wlut love to study their 
])ioneer records. Home of the matters referred to 
liave never before appeared in print. A careful 
perusal of the Table of Contents will enable the 
reader to detei'mine what chaptei's are likely to 
deal with events A\hicli he would can; to study. 

The author has devoted a large part of his spare 
time for the last fifteen years to gathering up the 
facts and traditions to be found recorded herein, 
and the labor involved in his researches will never 
be fully understood, even by those who shall tind 
the greatest satisfaction in the reading of this 
book. Court records, family Bibles, church reg- 
isters, military rosters, private papers anil moss- 
covered grave-stones have been nmde to yield their 
varied testimonies for entrance on these pages. 
The constant aim of the author has been to learn 
what was true, and to set it down faithfully. Posi- 
tive assertions, in all cases where there seemed to 
be any need of it, have been supported by the cita- 
tion of authorities. AA^here mere inferences or 
private lipiuious are given, <iualifying language has 
been employed to indicate fairly the degree of certi- 
tude pertaining to each case. Part Thrw», which 
consists of Sketches of Patrons, is composed of 

nuitter for wliicji tlic aiilh<ii- is ()\\\y in jiarl re- 
sponsible. These sketches ]ia\c Ix'cn ])rei)ared, as 
a rule, by friends of the sul)jects of the same. The 
aufjmr wrote only those of himself and his immedi- 
ate family, and added a few sentences to a few- 

Nearly all of (he one linudred and tifty-nine il- 
lustrations f((und lierein have been engraved ex- 
pressly for this work, and liave nevei' liefore been 
published. They are, vei-y many (if them, more 
than simple embellishments of the book. Some of 
them present scenes of great historic interest, and 
cost the author much personal effort. 

For the homiely appearance of the maps in this 
vdlume scHiie apology is due. As to their mechan- 
ical executicm they are unworthy of the hook. 
When the author foTind that ma])s wnuld be es- 
sential to a proper elucidation of the subject- 
nuxtter, and he saw that the funds at his command 
would not admit of his employing a regular m'ap 
draughtsman, he Avas forced to choose beftween 
having no nmps, and making them liimself. He 
yielded to the latter alternative. But let it be 
borne in mind that the cardinal virtue of a map is 
not its beautiful mechanical execution, but its 
toiiographical accuracy. This virtue is claimed 
for these homely maps. They are based upon the 
splendid large-scale maps of the I^. S. Geological 
Survey, and are the result of prolonged and pains- 
taking investigations by the author. In all es- 
sentials they are reliable. 

The author, in gathering his materials for this 
W(n"k, has been compelled to dejH'ud much upon the 
kind assistance ol' nnni'erous persons, and lie is 
most grateful for the courtesv he has met with in 


mxi'j (niarter. His oliligatioiis to some iiidiviJu- 
als, however, are too larne to admit of his debt 
l>einj2: discharged by a mere general acknowledg- 
mont. A feAv of tlie gracious fi-ieiids must be men- 
tioned by name. To the Hon. Keuhen T. Dnrrett, 
of Louisville, Presidejit of the Filson <'lu]>, and the 
writer of the Introduction to this volume, the 
author is most largely indebted. Possessing, as he 
|n-oliably does, the most nmgniticcnt ju'ivaite library 
in th(' SoTith, (•(lutaiuiiig a l)il)liogra]ihy of Ken- 
tucky liardly suiijassed aiiywiicre in tlic world, he 
has never been too busy to helj) the. author \\'ith 
the loan of boolcs or a A\'or(l of inf(H"mation and 
counsel, as needed. Without his aid this volume 
would hick some of its uiost, valualilc clia|>tei'S. To 
the late Dr. John !'. Hale, Iniig-tiiii'e President of 
the West Virginia Histoi'ical Society, wlio knew 
more, pei'haps, than any man of his day in regard 
U) (he streams, mountains and trails of his native 
State (West Yirginia), llii- author owes mucli. 
Tlic vdlinninous corresyxiudence wliicli tlu* author 
had with Dr. Hale only a few years before his 
death has greatly enriclicd (liis volume. The IJev. 
Edgar Woods, Ph. D., of Cliarlottesville, ^^a. ; Ool. 
Charles A. P. Woods, of Kansas City, Mo.; Uv. 
Julian Watson Woods, of filississippi ; Mi's. Gen- 
evieve Bennett Clark, of BoA\'ling Green, Mo., wife 
of the Hon. Cham]) Clark, ]\r. C, and a host of 
otlier friends have, in one way oi' another, aided 
the autlKir so nmterially in liringing this publica- 
tion to a successful conclusion that he desires in 
this public niannei" to thank them. 

It would refjuire considerable space to give even 
the names of all (he books, pamphlets and un- 
printed manuscripts Avhich the author has con- 
sulted in the preparaition of (his work; but a few 
of those from which he has derived the largest as- 
sistance should be nTeuti(med. First of all stands 
the unprinted manuscript of the late General 
Pobert B. McAfee, entitled his Autoliiography and 
Fam'ily History, wliich lie tinislied about the year 
1846, not long before his death. To him we owe 
nearly all we know of a large part of the history 
of the McAfees. That manuscript volume has 

of(en licen coiiied, and can be found in many of 
the gi-eat libraries on both sides of the sea. The 
journals severally kept by James and Pobert Mc- 
Afee, during the tour of the ilcAfee Company to 
Kentucky in 1773, are simply invaluable. They 
are given in full, with notes, in Appendix A of this 
volume. The two publications by the Rev. Edgar 
^^'ol!ds, of Charlottesville, Va., to wit: History of 
Albemarle County, Virginia; and History of One 
Brancli oC (lie \\'oo<lses furnish a great mass of 
rcdiable information in regard 'to the ea-rlier 
AA'oodses and AVallaces. That fascinating little 
monogra]>h on The A'\^ilderneiss Road, by the late 
lamented Ca]>t. Thomas Speed, has been a great 
Iic]]> and a. delight to the present writer. Historic 
Families of Kentucky, Ity tlie late Col. Thomas M. 
Green, has afforded most valnal)le item's in regard 
to JMagdalen Woods, the McDowells and the 
Bordens and the BoAvyers. The History of Ken- 
tucky by the two Collinses — fathci' and son^ — re- 
mains the grand(«t thesaurus of Kentucky records 
anywhere to be fdund, without which no nmn can 
wri(o of Ken(ucky to goo^l purpose. A recent 
His(,ory of South- Western. Virginia, by the Hon. 
Ijewis P. Summers, of the Abingdon Bar, has done 
for the region with -which it deals what the Col- 
linses have done for Kentucky, and nio man who 
would know the genesis of that interesting section 
of onr country can afford to be witlnuit it. We 
have derived much assistance also from Old Vir- 
ginia and Her Neighbors, by the late Professor 
John l'"'iske; from the histories of Kentucky by 
^larshall, I!utler, Shaler and Smith, respectively; 
from th!o histories of T'cnnessee, by Hayw^ood and 
Ramsi^y, respectively; i'vom Wheeler's North Oaro- 
liiva ; fi'om Foote's Slietcbesof Virginia, both series; 
from the local histories of Augusta County, Vir- 
ginia, by Waddell and Peyton, respectively; and, 
last, but not least, from Dr. Hale's Trans-Alle- 
gheny Pioneers, a book which possesses the cliann 
of being in large part the nari'ative of the actual 
experiences of its author. 

The Index ap]^>ended hereto is full enough to 
enal)le the readei" to find, without m'uch diflftculty, 


nearly every persou, place and event of real im- 
portance that is anywhere mentioned in this 

The preparation of this work has been to the 
author, from first to last, a labor of love. That it 
is nincli marred by blemisihes and defectsi he doubts 
not, and hence he has no hope that it is going to 
please even all of those for whose benefit it has 
been -mntten; but the author ventures to cherish 
the hope that many Woodses and McAfees yet un- 

born Avill think kindly of him who made it possible 
for them to know much about their worthy pro- 
genitors, and that perhayts a hundred years hence 
there may b(^ found, here and there in this broad 
land, those who will fondly cherish as (me of their 
most sacred faniily licirlooms a, well-worn copy of 
The Woods-McAfee iM('iiii)rial. Tliis shall be our 
sufficient reward. 

Nkandeu M. Woods. 
Louisville, Ky., May, liJO.j. 


F'rontispiece — Portrait of the Author 

Preface— BY the Author iii 

IjsT OF Maps, with Explanations vii 

Introduction— BY R. T. Durrett, A. M., L.L- D ix 


(Pages 1 to 150) 

CHAPTlvR FIRST— The Woodses in Great Britain 1 

CHAPTER SECOND— Elizabeth Woods and the Wallaces 3 

CHAPTER THIRD -Michael Woods of Blair Park 9 

CHAPTER FOURTH— William Woods of North Carolina 132 


(Pages 151 to 218) 

CHAPTER FIRST— The McAfees in Great Britain 153 

CHAPTER SECOND— James McAfee, Sr., in America 157 

CHAPTER THIRD— Tour of McAfee Company to Kentucky in 1773 163 

CHAPTER FOURTH— The Migration to Kentucky in 1779 175 

CHAPTER FIFTH— The Salt River Settlement to iSii 185 

CHAPTER SIXTH— The Pioneer McAfees and Their Children 195 


(Pages 219 to 421) 



GROUP ONE— Patrons not Related to either Woodses or McAfees. Six Sketches, i to 6, 

inclusive 221 

GROUP TWO— Patrons Descended from the McAfees only. Twenty-seven Sketches, 7 to 33, 

inclusive . . 234 

GROUP THREE— Patrons Descended from Woodses only. Forty-seven Sketches, 34 to So, 

inclusive . . 278 

GROUP FOUR— Patrons Descended from both the Woodses and the McAfees. Thirteen 

Sketches, 81 to 93, inclusive 367 


(Pages 423 to 486) 

APPENDIX A— The McAfee Journals— 1773, with Notes 424 

APPENDIX B— Three Great Pioneer Roads 454 

(u) The Wilderness Road 456 

(d) Long Hunters' Road 4.59 

(f) Boone's Trace 473 

APPENDIX C— Some Ancient Documents of Interest to the Woodses, more Especially ... 479 

INDEX 489 



MAP No,-^ I— ALBEMARLE COUNTY, VIRGINIA— Showing the Locations ok the Woodses and 
Wallaces, i 734-1 Sod. 

MAP N0/2— SOUTH-WEST, VA., and SOUTH-EAST, KY. -Showinc;, Mainly, the Route of the 
McAfee Company in 1773. 

MAP N0/3— MERCER COUNTY, KY., and ADJACENT REGION— Mainly Illustrating the 
Tour of the McAfees in 1773. 

MAP No. 4— VICINITY OF IRVINE ON KENTUCKY RIVER— Mainly Illustrating the McAfee 
Tour of 1773. - r^a<P -tc>u,vxcJ, l»o"i*^^ .seclA\civ^S r"-,v::i^' 

MAP No.'-^ 5— PARTING OF THE WAYS— Showing the Numerous Trails Centering at Drapers 
Meadows on New River, Va. 




G-'^T^ Vvvn'--;. 



The ft-enealogy of tlui ^Voods and iMcArci' fami- Tli(is(> jialriaiclis oC Hie iiiCaiil \v(ii-l<l were snffici- 
lics, wiiicli follows this lutroduetioii, has ample oiitly iiulnicd with Ihc dnciiinc of pi-inmiicniture 
precedents both in ancient and modern times. It not to aittem]>t an.\ihiiii;' in llicii- licnealogy except 
is the Avork of the Rev. Neander IM. Woods, D. I)., the pedigree of a single anceslov. Had ihey 
ai distinguished member of both of the families undertaken to reimembcr or to record the names of 
A\hoso pedigrees are traced in the book, and is an all niendiers of their families in the twenty genera- 
example of that love of ancestry wliidi has given tions from Adam to Abraham, (hey Avould liave 
to the living of to-day the most acceptable knowl- iiad uinch lo rcmemlier and a bulky record. In 
edge of their progenitors who lived hundreds of the ascending line ancestors dniihle in eacli genera- 
years before their time. tion so that at the end of the twentieth generation 

Genealogy, which ha-s become so popular of late, they would have had something like a. million 
is a, term derived from the Greek words gciica and of nanu's; and if the descending line were followe<l 
hif/os, and nutans the arranging of a> pedigree, or there is no telling how many they would niimber 
the tracing of a family history. It was one of the at tlu^ end of twenty generations. The final cnu- 
tirst exercises that engaged th(^ human mind, and meration \\duld d('])end n]iou llie nninbcr of cliil- 
is ther'efore as old as the human race. Primeval dron each successor had, and would ])rol)ably rise 
nmn, before civilization gave him' the use of let- too high up in the millions to be remendiered or 
ters, could hardly haive scratched upon the liark of recorded as the art of A\'ritiug then existeid. 
trees or stamped upon clay the births and marri- We are greatly indebted to the Je^vs for the 
ages an<l deaths of his progenitors and descend- knowledge they hav(> given us of th(> elder world, 
ants, but he could have stored them in numioiy The i>edigrees they lce]it in their temple give in- 
and held them in tradition until the sci'ibes of the foi'nuaitiioin of peoplci and events farther bark in the 
future transferred them to their record. PedigTces jiaist than W(> can get as full ami reliable from any 
may be oral or Avritten, and those we have in our oither S(nirce. The inipression has long prevailed 
Bibles of the patriarchs of the infant world orig- that inspiration had something to do with these 
inated in tradition and ended in writing. To sup- iJible jvi'digrccs and tliat tliey were, tlierefore, re- 
pose that the patriarchs of the elder Avorld re- lialde on that account. AMu'ther tliis be true or 
corded the i>edigrees of those who lived in the ten not we would not on any account be without what 
generations from Adam to Noah and the ten from they teach us of the first of our race and the first 
Noah to ^ibraham at the time, and in the order, in of all things that happened in the infamt world. 
A\'hich they occurred is to attribute to them a The Jews, howe\'er, were, not the only ancient 
knowledge of the art of writing which they could pcoiile who jiaid attention to genealogy. Late dis- 
not have iwssessed at that time. Their lineage coveries among the ruins of buried cities, in the 
I'ecords were preserved in tradition until stamjK'd l<]ast, indicates tliat there were genealogists in other 
upon clay or inscribed upon ])ai)yrus or some other countries contemporaneous with tlu^ Jews, if not 
early writing material. of earlier date. They had not the advantages 


which snpj)(>sp(l inspiration i^ixxe to the pedip:rees patricians vied with o7ip another in the effort to 

of the Dili Tcsianicnt and the New, cxtcndinc: fi'nin ti-ace their lineage back to one or the other of the 

Adam to .Testis throiish a period of forty genera- three tribes of IJamnes, Titienses or Lnceres whose 

tions, hnt standing npon their own merits they consolidation formed the nation. Virgil in trac- 

show tliait gent'alogT Avas an ai-l in nse among ing Ca-sar liack to ^T^neas wrote one of the finest 

Egy]}ti,ans, T'aliylonians, Assyrians and other an- ]!(ienis in tho Latin language, and jironiinent fam- 

cient iM'oplcs hcrovc the .Tcwisli records were m'ade. ilies like the Cornelii, Gracchi, jMarcelli, etc., had 

So far as discoveries have been made, E'iypt pedigrees dating l)ack as near to the origin of 
stands oldest in nninsjiired gewalogy. IJecently Rome as possible, which were known and honored 
there has been exhumed ficm the ruins of Ijy plebeians as well as pati-icians. 
the ancient city of Aby(l(!S the goblen bracelets Leaving the field (t{ ancient genealogy and also 
of Ihe Queen or King Zer which been worn ]>assing by its early <le\-el()iiiiieiit in England, 
someiliing like five thousand years before the which ])robably concerns us more than any other 
Christian era. This discovery takes us back l>e- country, but can not be noticed here f(U' want of 
yond the beginning of the world as once under- sjiace, ^^■e find that when the Dark Ages wore lift- 
stood to be indicated by the pedigrees given in the ing their shadows from Europe, during the reign 
Rible. The Egyiitians werc^ known to keep in of Richai-d III, a college of lu rahlry was esitah- 
their lemples the pedigrees of their kings and lished in L(;ndon for the puii> of taking charge 
pi'iests and Ihe records of im]iortant events. When of the whole subject of genealogy. Heralds were 
Solon, one of the wise men of Greece, was in Egyjit aii]iointed to go over the coniilry and collect such 
five humlred years before the Cluistiaii era in facts and records as could be bad for preservation 
search of knowledge he was told by a priest that in the gc^neialogical books of the college. By this 
there was a record in his temple of the destruction means it was hoped that such faiiulous pedigrees 
of the island of Atlantis nine thousand years be- as had been traced from goils and demi-gods, 
fore thai time. AVith this statement t.f the temi>le would be .liseicdited and real i>edigrees substi- 
records it can not be surjirising that pedigrees of tuted f(U' them'. Of late years it has been said of 
Egyptian kings and queens have been found in the this college, however, that money sometimes had 
ruins (.f long-buried cities which date back to a as mucli influence in securing the right to coats-of- 
period anterior to those of the Bible chronology. arms as heroic deeds, but whether this be true or 

Other ancient nations, and espeieially the Greeks not, siolid old England has the noblest nobility and 
and Keiiians, jiaid early attention to genealogy, the genteelest genti'y of any country in the world. 
Acnsilaus, a Greek historian, wrote a book on After this college of herabliy was established in 
genealogy about eight hundred years before the Limdon in the sixteenth century, many learned 
Christian era. Only fragments of this work have works on genealogy were published in England and 
c(!me down to (;nr times, but these are sufticient to other countries. Before these publications gene- 
show how early the Greek mind was devoted to alogical daita, when recorded at all, were generally 
this subject. In such old histories as that of in manuscripts and practically inaccessible to the 
ITerodclus, and such aucieul ]ii;! nis as those of general reader. An author by the name of Mills 
Homer, genealogical sketches are of fi-e(iuent oc- nniy be said to have led in publishing this kind of 
curreuce although geneahigy was not the subject literature in a folio volume entitled "The British 
under c(nisideratiou. Peerage" which was issued in IGIO. Among the 

The pride of ancestry made the Rom'an gene- many publications that followed may be men- 

alogists date their origin from the time Avhen tioned Collins' Peerage of England, Burkes' Peer- 

^Eneas wandered from Troy t(» Latinni. Roman age And Baronetage, Debrett's Peerage And 



Baronetage, Lodge's Peerage And Baronetage, 
Dodd's Peerage, Baronetage And Knightage, 
Dngdale's Baronetage, and Nicholas' History of 
Knighthood. With a college of heraldry in their 
midst and snch books as these and others at hand, 
the English had the means of knowing with ac- 
cnracy all abont the lineage of families, either 
noble or comnion, they might wish to know. 

In the United States we have not followed the 
English to the extent of establishing a college of 
heraldry to dignify the researches of genealogists 
and to clothe them '\^-ith something of authority. 
Private enteiT^rise, however, has done much for 
genealogy and the New England llistcrical and 
( renealogical Society alone has published more 
than a score of volumes on this subject. Holgate's 
American Genealogy, Webster's Genealogy and 
Thomas' Genealogical Notes may also be men- 
tioned as individual enterprises in this line. 

Of recent j-ears, however, there has been a wide- 
spread activity in genealogical research in the 
United States, and Kentucky has shared largely in 
the movement. Many individuals have written 
and puldished the lineage of their families as they 
^^■ere able to gather their records from foreign 
countries, from the different States and from Ken- 
tucky. To attempt to enumerate all these works 
would be tedious and vain, but the following may 
be mentioned : The Prestons b^' John Mason 
Brown, The Russels by Airs, des Cognets, The Gar- 
I'ards by the same author, The Iiwines by Mrs. 
Boyd, The Clays by Z. F. Smith and Mrs. Clay, 
The Johnsons by Thomas L. Johnson, The Nourses 
by Mrs. Lyle, The Nortons by Rev. David Morton, 
The McKees by George Wilson McKee, The Quis- 
enberrys by A. C. Quisenberry, The Speeds by 
Thomas Speed, The Henrys by John F. Henry, The 
Marshalls by W. M. Paxton, The Joneses by L. H. 
Jones, The Lewises by ^\m. Terrill Lewis, The 
Johnstons by Wm. Presiton Johnston, Historic 
Families by Thomas M. Green, Notable Families 
by Mrs. Watson and King William Families by 
Peyton M. Clarke. All these set forth the lineage 

of families now living in Kcntm-ky, and tln/re axe 
many (illici' works of llic snnu' l<ind. 

The movrnn-nl.bdw rvcr.w iiicli Ikis (bine must U>v 
genealogy is that ^\ili(•]l oi-ganizcd such societies 
and associations iis Daughters of America, Co- 
lonial Danu's, Daughters of tJie American Kevolu- 
tion, Daughters of the Confederacy, and Sons of 
the American Revolution. All these societies hold 
meetings and gatlici- inforniation and make pub- 
lications of one kind or another. The National 
society of the Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion have up to this time collected and published 
t\\-enty volumes of matter relating to the ancestry 
of its members. In thus collecting genealogical 
matter in local societies scattered all over the 
country and groui)ing it in the work of the na- 
tional society, an enormous amount of inform'ation 
must be gathered and preserved in a few years. 

There is notliing strange, therefore, in the ap- 
pearance at this time of tliis book, embracing the 
^'\'oods and McAfee genealogy. It is in line with 
precedents reaching liack to tln^ remotest times. 
Such records began before letters were invented, 
when barbarous man scratched hierogly]ihics on 
the bark and leaves of trees or stamped them npcni 
plastic clay. A practice thus reaching back to the 
twilight of the world's licginuing and continuing 
through all changes and conditions to the present 
time is the best evidence of the high regard in 
which genealogy- has always been held and should 
continue to be held. 

When Dr. Woods, in beluilf of himself and his 
family, undertook to record the pedigrees of the 
Woods and McAfee families, he simply followed 
in the footsteps of others who desired to preserve 
the histories of their families. He thought the 
Woods and McAfee families had a histoi-y worthy 
of preservation and uudei'took to record it. He 
has done his work llioroughly and well. He has 
inserted in his book nolhing that should have been 
omitted, and the many ran:ilie« mentioned owe liini 
a debt of gratitude whi( b it will not be easy to 
pay. The storj', nujreover, as lie lias told it not 


oiilv ciuliraccs riiniily liislmv, 1ml includes his- cveu a tradition of them' remained. The panther 

torical facts in tlic ihuucci' pci-iod whicli will lie and the hear rdanied in the dark forests and the 

found nowhere els(>. Imffalo and the di'er fattened upon the cane. 

In Chapters Til and l\'(if Part Second will Herds having- a thonsand animals were sometimes 

he f(Mind a better account of the first set- seen at one of the Salt Springs. The McAfees, 

tlenient. of Kentucky than can be obtained therefore, saAv Kentncky when it was one of the 

from most of (uir hist(uaes. ^[embers of the iii'andest natural jiarks that ever existed. It was 

family are there shown alxuit riarrodshnrn' called by T.oone and others the hunter's ]iaradise, 

clearing land and bnildiuii- honses for ]ierma- '>vit the McAfees came not here to hnnt. They 

nent occn])ancy wliile they heard the howl of came in search of homes for their families. And 

fej'ocious animals and saw the gleam of tlie tonm- here, where tha richest of latul could be had for tlie 

hawk and scalping-knife in the wild forest around, asking, they selected their farms and built their 

I>ut dangers did not <leter them and they kept houses and became citizems of the country they had 

right (Ui witli their work until a settlenumt was thus i>ractically discovei"ed. 

established in the country. There has always been Dr. Woods, howm^er, does not rest the claim of 
a doubt about the rcmte by which the ^McAfees left tlio TN'oodses and McAfees t(i genealogical notice 
Kentncky and returned to their lumies in Virginia npon their early migration fr(un the old country to 
in 1773. Dr. Woods studied this route until he the new. They perfonncd good deeds in the 
had a clear idea of it and then made a map of it Colonial period, and when the Iievolutionary War 
which shows it ])Iainly ficun' lieginning to end. came on they sliouldered their muskets and 
The mai> of this nmte is not lii(> only one that buckled on their broadswords and fought like 
adorns the work. There are oithers which throw heroes for the independence of their counti'y. And 
much light u]idn early times and there are splendid when the victory of the Revolution left the counti-y 
landscapes w Inch beautify the work and make us free of the original enemy but beset on its borders 
familiar with tlu- country when it was new. These by bloodthirsty and niercileiss savages tliey fought 
hnidscai>es are fine s]iecimens (vf the engravei's art these savages for the freedom of their adopted new 
and illustrate the Jiistoric text as finely as the State, until none of them \Yei'e. left to fight. Our 
superb half-tone likenesses, of A\diicli there ai"e connti'y lias had no war in \\'liich the progenitors 
many, do the biographic sketches of the nuMubers and the descendants of the Woodses and McAfees 
of the families represented. did not talco pai't. As soldiers, as staitesmen, as 
The JNIcAfees were in Kentuclvy in 177:'. before physicians, as lawyers, as scholars, as clergymen, 
the white man had cleai'ed an acre of gi-onud cu' as mechanics, as niianufacturers, as farmers, as 
built a cabin upon it. The original forest with its nierehants and as citizens of almost every class 
infinite variety of noble trees covered the whole they performed well their part in the great drama 
land excei>t where the rivers and smaller streams of progress in the new State while it was a wilder- 
severed it and cane-brakes and barrens usurped ness, and continued their good work after it be- 
portions of it. There was nothing like a human came the home of civilization and the ai'ts and 
habitati(m on all the laud. Even the Indian, if sciences. I>y marriage they extended tlieir rela- 
ever he built his wigwam in the daa'k shadows of tions to a host of families, most of whom appear in 
the dense forest, had long since abandoned it and this book, and some of whom present the m'ost dis- 
sought another home. There were everywhere to tinguished names in the land. Gen. Lew Wallace, 
be seen upon the river terraces and other places a soldier, a statesman and an author, who gave to 
mounds which had been erected by human hands, the world Ben Hur, one of the most famous books 
but the buildei's had been gone so long that not e\er written, was a AVoods on the maternal side. 



Geu. Robt. r>. ^foAfee, anothei' soldier, statesman l>r. Wnnils's wuik, licsiilis liiiiii:- knuwii ;is II 

ami autluii*, was in the Battle of llu' Tlinmos ami m'osi, cialioralr anil musl, lliui'imiiii mi raniily liis- 

liolpcd tlie Kentuckians to win their glorions toi-y yd, ]ii-i)ilurr<l in Krnliuky, will also ln' i-e- 

virtorv there. When the Avar was over he wrote a yarded as the most valnahh". eonlrilHil ion to j;ene- 

liistnrv of it which was pnblished in Lexington in aloi2'v. And tlie printer, who someliiiies nzeis Jiis 

181(), and has always been accepted as authority. share nf faint ])raise wluii lie hriniis mil a new 

Other distintiuished names miiiht be mentioned work, will meet with nuliiinji- of this kind liere. 

hnlh anii.'Uij,' the AVoodsvs and ^IcAfees, lint any The beautifid jiajier, the clear tyjiii^raphy, tlie 

necessity fm- desiiinatini;' tlienr is su])e;rs«le<l by an tasteful arrangement, and tlie suiierli illustrations 

ami>le index at the end of the work in which nearly entitle the Courier-.Tmirnal .Tub I'rinl iiii;- t"o. to 

every important name is mentioned, with a refer- the hijj-hest praise, 
enco to tile page where it is to be fonud. R. T. Duuuktt. 






A^'llilst tli(> iKiiiic Woods is iindnulitedly Eiiii- 
lisli, derived fidiii Aiinln-Saxou (Wudii), not all 
of the people who bear it have come of pure Euglish 
stock. Besides those families which have for 
centuries made their liomes in England, and are 
descended from the true English, there are at least 
four (ither races of men, some of whose representa- 
tives are now called by this name. First, there are 
the Woodses whom we tiud to-day in tScotlaud, 
whose ancestors iieneralions liack were English, 
but will) crossed the border to dwell among the 
Scotch, and became so liioroughly identilied with 
tliem by marriage aH<l long residence as to become 
indistinguishal)le from I lie dwellers to the north of 
the Tweed. Some of these Anglo-Scotch A\'oodses 
in after times migrated, along with tiie unmixed 
Scotch, to the North of Ireland ; and then, later on, 
to .\inerica; and Ihey would naturally come to be 
regardeil as Scotcli-Irisli, their lOuglish blood lieing 
almost entirely lost sight of, even by themselves. 
Secondly, among the unhaitpy Huguenots who tied 
from Fi'ance during the period of Catholic persecu- 
tion, there were not a few families by the name of 
Du liois (^Dubose), some of whom, after their set- 
tlement in lOngland, signalized their complete ex- 
patriation from ilic laud of tlieir birth by adopting 
the English eiiuivalent ( ^Voods) for the name they 
had formerly borne as Ficnclnnen. Thirdly, there 
are sonu- ^^'oodses now in America wJiose ancestors 
not far back were (lerman, and who were foi'uierly 
calh'd by tlie name of ^^■oltz, liul wlio lia\'e seen fit 
to make their ]palronyinic coiif(n-m to their new 
place of residence amongst I'higlish-six'a king people. 

Finally, there are the numerous Irish Woodses, 
whose ancestors formerly were known by the Gaelic 
luime of O'Coillte, but who exchanged it for the 
English e(|uivalent, AVoods. These Woodses are, 
as a rule, pure liisii, and, almost without exception, 
l{(nuan Catholics. Thousands of Ihem are to 
be found in the United States at tlic pi-esenl time. 

The particular branch of the \\ oods family with 
which this volunu' is more es]»ecially concerned is 
of pure English, or else of Anglo-Scotch, blood. 
AA'hetJier the indi\iduai w ho was the founder of tiiis 
brancii migrated directly to Ireland from England, 
or belonged to those who resided some time in Scot- 
laud before migrating to the Emerald Isle, can not 
be positively affirmed, but the preponderance of 
evidence seems to be in favor of the tirst-named 
supposition.^ That the Woodses were Protestants, 
and mainly Presbyterians, seems reasonably 
certain. And it seems to be e(|ually certain that 
tlu' ^^allac(■s and Campbells, with whom the 
\\'oodses intermarried, were uol only Presbyteri- 
ans, but people of pure Scotch blood, i'rior to 1650 
the A\'oodses seem to have been connected with the 
English l']stalilislicd Church. 

The iK'isccnt ions visited upon ihe Dissenters of 
Iridaud diiriiig the eighteeutli century, largely as 
the result of the bigotry of English i)relates, had 
two marked elfccis: they rendei'ed life in Ireland 
unbearable to the lilierly-loving Scotch-Irish, there- 
by dri\ ing tens of thousands of them to the Ameri- 
can colonies; and the_\ licl|icd in till (he ])atriot 
army iu after days with splendid soldiers, when the 
.Vmci'icau IJexolution bciian. The stream of emi- 


iirnlidii i'ldiii ilic Xoi-tli oT Iri'laiid hcinaii to How as ilic followiui;- L'xliiliii of ihc main fads is (U'ciiicd 
early as Kills, Inil it \\as clicckcd for a srason. siifiticioiit. to-wit : 1, there eaiiie lo Ireland a oer- 
Tiieii in ITl'.l it reconnnenced, and continued for tain lOiiiilisli troojier, wiio was in the Croinweiliau 
tiftj rears. In llial nolalile luovenienf we tind liie army of imasion in 1(141), by the name of \\'oods; 
W'oodses and Wallaces w illi whom we have to do 1', this troo|ier had a son. .lohn Woods, who, ahoiit 
in this \olnnu'. In (he year 17l.'4 (here ctime to KiSl, married a .Miss l^lizahelh Worsop" ; i>, this 
Pennsylvania from the North of Ireland one Miss AVorsoj) was horn Xovemher 17>, 1G5G, and it 
^licliael AN'oods, his brctlher William, and their is assumed as prohahle that the -John Woods whom 
w idowed sister Elizabeth AVallace, and a tiiimlier of she married was horn ahont 1(1.14, not lonii after his 
their chililreii. ' Jt has been a current lielief in the father had witlnliawii from Ciomw ell's army and 
Woods family that .Michael, ^^'illiam and Elizabeth settled down (<> private life in lr<'land ; 4. i( is ]irob- 
had two brothers, James and Andrew, who mi- able that Jolin Woods's father came from York- 
grated with them (o America. At the date of the shire, England, and llial he settled in one of the 
migration .Michael ^\dods was forty years old, and three counties of Fermanagh, Down or .Meath ; ."), it 
AA'illiani was alxnit twiiity-nine. J'^lizalieth was is most likely tliat the families of botli John Woods 
proliably the eldest <d' the party, and about forty- and lOlizabeth \\'orsop were I'.piscopalians, and of 
two years old, and had with her at least pure Pjnglish stock ;(!, there ari' good reasons for be- 
six children by her husband, Peter AVal- lievlng that the familyof which John^^'oods was the 
lace, who was not long since deceased. Concern- head was the onl^' one in Ireland of the Protestant 
ing Tames and Andrew Woods we have only faith ; 7, Elizabeth Worsoji was uinloubtedly a lady 
the scantiest information. It is ])robable they of gi-ntle birth, ami directly descended from some 
accompanied their sister and brothers to Peuu- families of the highest standing in I'^ngland ; and 
sylvania, hitt there is no positive evidence that 8, her line is as follows: She was the (Uxughter 
they remo\('d with them when, some ten years later, of Thomas Worsop and Elizabeth Parsons ; and said 
they migrated to \'irginia. It is possible they were Elizabeth Parsons was the daughter of Kichard 
the ancestors (d' sotne (d' the ntitnerous Protestant Parsons and his wife, Letitia Loftus; and the said 
Woodses in Pennsylvania and .Maryland. There Letitia was the daughter of !^ir Adam Loftiis,l)y his 
was, however, in Virginia, about tlie outbreak of wife Jane Vaughn ; and said Sir Adam was the son 
the Kexdinlion, a James ^^dods living oidy a mile of Sir Dttdley LoI'dts, of couid\- 1 )nblin, by his wife 
or two from .Michael Woods's honu', who may have .Vnne Hagnall ; ami the said Sir Dudley was the sou 
been one of these brothers. He patented land on of .\dam Loftus ( .Vrchbishoj) of Diddin, and Lord I 
Stockton's Creek, in what is now Albemarle county, Chanccdlor id' Ireland) by his wife Jane Purdon. 
Virginia, in 1749, and in 177.") we find him opening The said Archbisho]) L(d'tns was born in Yorkshire, 
his h(mie to the patriots of the I?eV(dution for a England, in l.'vU, ami was the son of the 
meeting of the District Committee. This individual Iiight Keverend Edward Loftus, of Levins- 
may have been a younger brother of Michael and head. lie was ordained in l.").!!) ; and hav- 
William.^ ing attracted the favoral)le notice of (^ueen 
AVhen we come to inquire about the parents of Elizab(>tli during his e.xamiuations at Cam- 
these individuals — Elizabeth, ]\Iichael. William, bridge, he was rajiidly promoted in the Church, be- 
James and Andrew— we raise questions, not all oi ing made Archbisho]i of .Vrmagh when he was only 
whi( h can be answered as fully and jiositively as twenty-seven years ohL and later on .Vrchbishop of 
we c(nild desire. Some facts, however, are fairly Ditblin, and Lord Chancelloi- of Ireland. The 
well establishe(L' Without attempting to quote all said John Woods and his wife Elizabeth had at 
that is given by the authorities mentioiu'd in note .5, least one datighter and four sons, to-wit: Eliza- 


bctii, Miuliael, A\illiaiii, James aud Andrew, all of l.ind was aldiiniaiil and clicap. and llic promise of 

whom emigrated to North America iu 1724, and li-ccdoni and proicclion lo all was inviting. So, 

liad attained to their majority by that time, in (lie year ITl'l. Ilic WOoilscs and Wallaces set 

and several of them had considerable famil- sail for America, and in a few weeks iheii- deslina- 

ies. AVhen and where John Woods and his wife tion was I'eaeheil, and the colony of I'ennsyhania 

died we have no means of knowing, but the proba- became their home. They were done wiih Great 

bility is that both had passed away before 1724. Britain forever. 

When we seek for the reasons compelling al- The John Woods Coal of Arms is thus described 
most an entire family of people to forsake their byMr. O'Hart: "Aims Sa. three garbs or. Crest — • 
native laml and seek a home iu a distant and out of clouds a hand creel, holding a crown be- 
sparsely settled colony, Me are left to mere con- tweeu two swords in l)end aud bend sinister, points 
jecture. The eldest one of the party (Elizabeth ujtward, all ]>pi-. The shield is black, wilh three 
AVallace) was, as above stated, not far from forty- gold sheaves of wheat on it; out of gray clouds a 
two years (dd when the migration was undertaken, riesh-colored hand, perpendicular, holding a gold 
The Woodses aud W'allaces were probably people cro\\n, and all between two steel colored swords, 
of culture aud some littli' worldly goods, but they The sheaves of wheal indicate that the bearer came 
were Dissenters and Presbyterians, who had had to from a wheal producing connlry ; (he crest implies 
endure nuiny disabilities and suffer many petty a combat, a victory, and an unexpected rewartL" 

tyrannies at the hands of bigoted English ecclesi- 

The Mrs. Barrett referred to iu Note 5 is per- 

astics. The tide of population from Ireland to the sonally acquainted with (|uite a number of W'oodses 
American colonies was just then of tremendous vol- now living iu Ireland, who are descendants of John 
ume, and thousands of the very ))est people of Ire- ^Voods and Elizabeth Worsop and who occupy 
land were seeking homes l)eyoiHl the sea. It was positions of prominence ■a\\i\ honor iu the various 
a vast, popular movement, for which there existed walks of life. From this circumstance it is infer- 
tile twof(dd motive of escape from persecution, and red that John and Elizabeth had one or more sous 
the making of a start in the new Land of who did not migrate to America with the ^Voods- 
Promise across the Atlantic. In America good Wallace colony of 1721. 


Elizabeth, as was stated iu the previous chapter, 
was probably the first child of John Woods and his 
wife Elizabeth Worsop. We know that her 
brother Michael (who came to be known iu after 
times as. Michael W^oods of Blair Park) was born 
in Ireland in KiSl, and there is good reason for be- 
lieving that she was the elder of the two. ^Ve may 
assume, therefore, that she was born not later than 
about the year 1082. She was married to Peter 
W^allace probably about the year 1705. In 1724 
she migrated to America with her brother .AFichael 
and his family, at which dale she had been a widow 
for some time, and had at least six children living, 

who came with her to America. She resided in the 
colony of Pennsylvania for about ten or fifteen 
years. No less than four of her children — three 
sons aud a daughter — married chihlreu of her 
brother .Michael, their first cousins. \\'lieu, in 
1731, her brother .Midiael nio\"ed down in(o Vw- 
ginia, at least two of her sons had married, each, a 
daughter of their umde, and moved with him to 
what is now .\lhemarle county, Virginia. Eliza- 
bedi probably did not leaxc I'ennsyhania for sev- 
eral years aftei- her itrolher, possibly noi till 1739, 
aud when she did go she cliose a home in tlu> ^'al- 
ley of Virginia, Bockbridge county, just across the 


Blue Ki(lg(> fvdin wlicrc licr lirotlicr iiml (wo of her \~i\7. He liad a son, ^Milium I'lowii AVallace, boru 

sous resided. \\>r those davs llie ride across the in Kiii<i- Georsic county, \'a., in ITTd. wlio moved to 

mouutaius was hut a small mailer, and ihe iuler- Kculiicky, and there died in lS3o. Eliza Itrowu 

course hetweeu tlie I'amilies was no doidil fre(|neut Wallace (horn in ITtKi. and died 1843) ^vas a 

and intimate, ^^■|lelller she left any relatives in daui;hler of the lieroi-e-menl ioned William I'.rown 

Peuusylvauia — ^^■(i(!dses. or Wallaces — we cau uot Wallace and married Dr. Kixon C. Dedmau, of 

sav, but there is good reason for lu'lievins; that not Lawreucehur;;, Kenlncky, in ISIS. It seems to 

all the ties which hound these two families to tlieir have been the h(dief of ihc ch-sceudants of both ' 

old I'eunsyh a ina home were severed wlien the mi- I'cter Wallace (wlio married Elizabeth Woods) 

aration to \'iriiinia occurred, ll is next to certain and of William Wallace (whose son .Michael set- 

that at least one of l-;iizalietirs m-andsons left \'ir- (led in Kiuii (ieor!j,c counlv, N'ir^inia) that the 

giuia before or about (he Kevolut ionary ])eriod. and great Scotlish jjatriot. Sir William Wallace ( 1270- 

made his honu' in I'eunsylvauia. < >f the date <d' i;!0.">| was their ancestor; and (he name Elderslie 

Elizabeth's death nothing jiositive is know u, liut we ( or ICUcrslie, as it is often spelled ) which belonged 

feel reasonably sure that her dust re])oses in some to the (dd Wallace homestead in IJeufrewshire, 

one of the old I'resbyterian cliurch-\ards of IJoek- Scotland, seven centuries ago. is still i-evei'ed aud 

bridge conidy. \'irginia. (laimed by them. All of this, however, is oidy con- 

The I'eter \\'allace whom Elizabeth Woods mar- jecture, based uiioii fandly tradidons, and is given 

ried about 1705 was, according to the traditious of only for what it nmy be worth. The si.v cjiildreu 

his descendants, a Sc(dcli Highlander, who six^ut kmiwii to have been born to I'eter \\allace aud his 

the latter part of his life in Irtdaud.' Very lit- wife l{]lizabetli ^\dods will now be mentioned iu 

tie is jiositively known concerning him. It is sup- what is bcdieved to be their ]u-oper chrouological 

posed that he was born about ItiSO, ami it is con- order, so far as cau now lie kimwii. 
fidently believed he di<Ml s(mie years jirior to the A— WlLlvIA.M ^VALLA('E, son of Teter Wal- 

migratiou of the "Woodses and ^\'allaces to lace, Sr., by his wife Elizabeth \\'oods, was prob- 

America. Coucerning his descendaiHs, however, ably born iu Ireland about the year 170G. In 1724 

a great deal is known. They are scattered by he came, with his widowed mother aud liis uncle 

thousands all over this T'uiou, aud a nnu'e reput- Michaid ^Voods, to America, and settled iu Lau- 

able family can not be found iu Ameri<'a. In Vir- caster county, rennsylxania. About the year 17o0 

giuia, Iveiitiuky, Indiana, .Missouri, <"alifornia ami he married his cousin Hannah Woods, who was his 

other states the \\'allaces are numeiMuis. The nmde .Micliaefs daughter. The intermarriage of 

most distinguisheil persons who have borne this cousins was a common occurrence with the 

uame are Judge Caleb ^^'allace, one of the first ^Voodses and Wallaces. When Michael Woods 

three judges of the Kentucky Court of Appeals, ap- migi ated lo N'irgiida in 1734, William Wallace aud 

pointed in 17!>2, and Major-Cteiieral Lew Wallace, his wife accompained him ami settled very close to 

the noted soldier, di|)lomat and author, who is now him at the eastern fool of the Itlne IJidge. The 

easily Ihe tirst citizen of Indiami. There was an- stati(ms called (Ireenwood and Crozet, on the 

other lucmineut family ^<( this name in Virginia Chesapeake iK; (thio Kailroad, are iu the midst of 

aud Kentucky,- the American head of which was the charming region of Albemarle county which 

Michael Wallace, .M. 1>., who was the son of a the Woodses and Wallaces settled. It was in early 

William ^\'allace, aud was born in Scotland in days known as Henderson's <^)uarter, and Mcmidain 

171!>. This Dr. ^Michael \Vallace migrated to Vir- Plains. Dr. Loote informs us of the formation of 

giuia, and spent the last years (d' his life at Elder- this settlement iu 1734' by .Michael \\'o()ds, aud 

slie, in King (ieoige county, Va., where he died in adds this slatemeut: "Three sous aud three sous- 


in-law taiiH' w illi liiiii and settled uear. One of the 
sons-in-law, ^^'iilianl \\'ailac(', toolv his residence on 
Meclinni's ri\cr, in Allicniarlc." Tlicre lie spent 
tjie veniaintler of his life. He seems to have been a 
ui-eat favorite willi liis father-iu-law. His name 
is signed as a witness lo a deed executed by his 
wife's father in 174:!, a facsimile of which appears 
in one of tlie illustrations coutaiued in this vol- 
ume. In ITtil. w lien Michael AN'oods came lo make 
his last will, he named William Wallace as one of 
his executors, liis descendants have lived in Albe- 
marle for more than a hundred and fifty years, and 
are amonii' the most ]irominent and honored citi- 
zens of the county. He and his father-in-law, 
.Michael \\'o(m|s, were Scotch Presljvterians, and 
were the jirincijial founders of the Mountain I'lains 
I'resbyteriau ("liurch, orjianized near their home 
about the middle of the ei;.ihteeuth century, but 
long since dissolved. William Wallace and his 
wife Hannah Woods luul born to them at least 
seven children, as follows: 1, ^Michael, who com- 
manded a military compauy in tlu' 1 J evolutionary 
army, who mari'ied Ann Allen, wIkmu the year 1786 
sold out his lands in \'irginia ami moved to Ken- 
tucky, and who left uini' children, as ap])ears from 
llu Wallace chart found in ihis volume; 2, John, 
w hose home was near the ])resent village of Green- 
wood. Willi married .Mary , who in 17S0 

sold his lands and moved to Washington county, 
Virginia, and ]K>ssibly a little later, to Kentucky; 
:!, .Tank or .Ti:.\n, who married Kobert I'oage; 4, 
Wii. 1,1AM (the I'd), who married ^Fary Pillson, re- 
sided near Oreenwood, and there died in 1809; 5, 
Sakaii. (if whom till editor could learn uothing; (5, 
Haxxah. who maiiied ;i Miclnnd Woods; and 7. 
.TosiAii, will! mairied .a .Miss Wallace, not related 
to his family, whose Christian name Dr. Edgar 
AVoods states was Hannah, but which is thought by 
a .Miss Wallace now living in California, and who 
is a descendant (if hers, to have been Susan.'" 

R— SUSANN.M! W.\LI.A('E is believed to 
have been the sec(ind cliild, and first daughter, of 
I'eter \Vallace. Sr.. by his wife Elizabeth Woods. 
Tlial she was one of their children is ])ositively as- 

serted by I'eli.-lhle persons who are descended from 
her, and who are in ;i |i(isilioii to know the facts. 
She was ])r(ih;ibl\ linrii in I rel;i ml ali(.iil the year 
1708. and in 171.M came lo .\nierica with liei- mollier 
and her uncle .Michael Woods. After a nssidence 
of about ten years in reiinsylvania, she removed 
(in 1734) to \'irgiiiia, lieing ihen the wife of 
William Wonils. hei- first cousin, whom she had 
probably married in 1 7:i2. Fuiaher |i;ii-l iciilars 
concerning her life will be given in llie succeeding 
chapters, wliei-e her husband's career will be con- 

C— SA.MTIOL WALLACE was the son of I'eter 
A\'allace. Sr.. by his w ife lOlizaheth "Woods, and was 
probably born in li-ehiml in the year 170'.). He mi- 
grated with the ^^■all;^ces and ^\'oodses to I'ennsyl- 
vania in 1724, where he seems to have lived about 
fifteen years. AVhen the family migrated to Rock- 
bridge county, Virginia, about 1739. he went with 
them, but he could not have resided but a short 
time in Roi l<briilge. foi- he married a Miss f'sther 
Raker, of Cub Ci-eek Settlement, in what is now 
Charlotte County, ^'irginia, in 1741. There he 
seems to have made his home till the year 1782. 
when he removed to Kentucky, where he died about 
the year 18011, in his ninety-first year. Samuel 
A\'allace four chililren born to him by his w ife 
Esther Rakei-. as follows: 1. Cvlep.. who was 
born in 1742. who moved to Kentucky in 1782. who 
was a ruling elder of the I'lvsbyterian Chui'ch and 
a distinguished lawyer, who was chosen to he one 
of the first three judges of the Kentucky Court of 
Appeals at its ci-eation in 17!I2. and was one of 
the ablest and most honoi-ed jurists Kentuck\- e\-er 
had. and who died in 1814. For full particulars as 
to Judge Wallace and his parents the reader is re- 
ferred to the vohnue devoted to the Wallace family 
of which the ib'V. I>r. William II. Whiisill is the 
author." 2. IOi.i/..\ia:i'ii . who was born in 1745, 
who married ('olonel Henry I'awling. and who 
died in 1S14; 3. .\mii;i:\\. who was hoiai in 1748. 
maiiieil Cai li.iriiie I'ai'ks. ino\ed to Kentucky with 
his father, and I here died in 1829; and 4, S.vmuel, 
who, when a young man, started to Scotland, and 
was never again heard of. 



L) — ANDREW ^^A1.1.A^'E, sou of IVter Wal- Wallai^ eiuigiiited from Virginia before the move- 
lace. Sr.. In his wife I]lizal>erU WotxliJ. was prob- meiu to Kentxioky ( 1TS2 and onwaitl) fairly set in, 
ably born in Iii'laud about ihe year 1712, aud mi- it would almost certainly have been bis eldest son, 
gratetl with his mother aud uncle. Miihael AYoods, ami he would have gone to one of the colonies to 
to America in 1724. He uiarritnl Margiiret AYoods. the north of Virginia. The Wallaces had come to 
his uucle Miihaers daughter, about the year 1733. Virginia from Penusylvauia, and. as remarked be- 
and pivbably went with him and his own brother fore, they bad probably not entirely severed the ties 
William to Virginia in 17:U. he (Andrew) being, which Iwund them to that colony, aud if one of 
as is eonlideutly l»elieveil. oue of the thive sous-in- them abandoned Virginia anywhere from 1765 to 
law of Michael Wotnls. who accompauiinl him to 177-3. IVunsylvania was. of all places in America, 
A'irginia. acctmliug to I>r. Foote's accotint before the oiu^ which we would exj>ei't hiiu to choose. It 
referrtnl to. Audrew Wallace's plantation, as is is certainly known that there was a family of Wal- 
shown on the map of AllnMuarle county, Virginia, laces living in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in the year 
in this volume, was locattnl at what is now Iv^- 1778. and that town is only about fifty miles from 
Depot, and iheiv he seems to have spent his days, the A'irginia border, and less than thirty miles from 
his death vXHnirring in 17S5. Marg;tret. his wife, the etlge of the Pennsylvania county ^ Lancaster) 
ditnl at least twenty-six years, and possibly thirty, iu which the Wallaces had liveil for fiftei»n years 
before Andrew; for her father ilivhael. in his will, prior to their miginttion to Virginia. Moreover, 
written in 17G1. refers to her as l»eiug then dead, when this Andrew Wallace, of Carlisle, b<^in to 
There is reason to l>elieve she died alnrnt 1756. at think of marrying he left Pennsylvania, and went 
whi»'h date Andrew wjts almut forty-four years old. down into old Virginia and sought the hand of a 
Whether he inarrieil again, or cominueil a widower niece of the famous John Paul (Jones), who in her 
for the remaining twenty-nine years of his life is voting girlhoixl days was a sj>ecial favorite of Gen- 
noi known, but it is pn>bable he ivmarrieil. If he eral Washington. This c-ouple were the grand- 
did seek another wife it was when his older ohil- parents of Major-Geueral Lew Wallace, of national 
dn»n were of the age at which the children of a fame. That Michael Wallac-e, who was the eldest 
family are uu>st apt to reiseut a second marriage by son of Andn»w. of Allnnuarle, and his wife Mar- 
either parent- His eldest son. ilichael. was about garet Wooils, was the father of Andrew, of Carlisle, 
twenty-two years old in 1756. and his stn-ond son, and nametl his son for Antlrew,of All>emarle,fits so 
Sjimnel. about twenty, as niay Ih> rt»asonably sup- exactly into all the known facts of the c-ase, and 
posed. If Aiu1rt»w did rrntnirrv. mid the step- agrees so fully with all the persistent traditions of 


Slate of doni«<i : 
to ; " 

wh . 

of A 
his _ 

^ w as tu-. 
\\\hh1s n 
V, Vim 

: accept- the W"allaces and Wootlses, that until some positive 

: such a adverse testimony c-:tn l>e produced to overtorn it, 

- I'lps we are warrauteti in accepting it as substantially J 

^siance c-orrect, and yet without asserting positively that J 

- H'<Tory all the detluctions and inferences above presented ^ 

1 of are, in every particular, based on facts. 

oue, emisrrateiil fr\> 


Andrew Wallace and Marsaret Woods left the 

Muirle connty. scattering to various distant regions following children, to wit : 1. Michael, who was 

The im^si »>: 
the re*rions uuv. 
let it be '- - \" 
French ; 

to Kentucky. ; - :• to 
-d in West Vii^jjuia, wl 

one of 

prolwbly lK»ru not far from the year 1734, who may 
ave emigraied from Vii^inia to Pennsylvania 
■ - alH>nt 1765. and who probably was the father of the 

;.. ..... Andrew Wallac-e that was born in Carlisle. Penn- 

■ iren of Andrew svlvania, in 177S: 2, Samuel, who was the second 


fhild (if his piiiviits. iiml probalily linni iilmul 17;'>t). llu' noliccor Adam Wallai-c Sanind Wallace was 

and will) may ]i(issildy liavt- iiii_i;'i'a(cd In I'cmisyl- an ol'liri'i- in ihr Ki'\ uliil ionary Aiaiiy, and cimi- 

vania willi liis older livotlu'i- .Michael; ;>, Eliza- nianded al l'"ni-l ^■ulnl.l; mi ilie N'iruinia frontier 

iiirrii. who married Williani Urisooe; 4, Mauy, who diirin;^ the I'rencli and Indian War. :j, .Iamks, 

married Alexander Henderson; .">, IIaxxaii, of who was an ensign in ilie Tliird \iiuinia Ke.uiiiK'iit, 

wlioni noiliin!.; is known; (i. SrsAX, who married and died ol' smalljiox in riiiladelphia in ITT*!; 4, 

Thomas Collins; 7. .Makcauet, who married Wil- AnA.M . the cajilain of a Kockhridge Conii>any in the 

liam Kaiiisey, and was the only one of the children Tenth \'irj;inia Keiiinieiit. who was killed hy Tarle- 

w ho did not emigrate from Alhemarle; and 8, ton's troopers while hravely tighling against fear- 

Jkan, who married a ^Ir. Wilson. For additional fnl odds at the \\axliaw. South Carolina, May 29, 

]iarticnlars the reader may consult Dr. Edgar 1780. and whose sword, used on that hloody day, 

^Voo(ls's witrk, referred to in Note 10. was in the |)ossession of the Mr. -lohn A. K. \arnor, 

E — ADAM WALLACE was prolialdy horn in of Lexington, ^'a., already alluded to. a few years 

Ireland ahoiit the year 1715, hut almost nothing ago; ."), Anhkiav. w ho w as the ca]Main of a co!ii|)any 

is known id' him. lie may liavt' died early in life, in the I'>ighili N'irginia Regiment, and was killed 

or he may have migrated to the Caroliuas, or hack at Guildford Court House in 1781.'" He, like 

to rennsylvania. By some writers of the history his brothers, James and Adam, seems never to have 

of the ^Vallace.s he has been confounded with Adam been married, and all three were yimng men at the 

Wallace, his gallant nephew, son of Peter "Wallace, time they died ; 0, Joiix,- 7, ELiZAr.ETii, who mar- 

Jr., who perished \\hile bravely tight ing the IJrilisli tied Col. .lohn (iilmore. of IJockbridge county; 8, 

troopers at Waxhaw, S. C., in 1780. Jaxet,- and !», StSAXXAii. Tlu' home of Feter Wal- 

F— FETEK WALLACE, JUNIOF, was the lace was only two miles southwest of Lexington, 
last child of Feter Wallace, Sr., and his wife, Eliza- Va. He died in 1784, and his wife Martha in 
betli Woods, anil was almost certainly born in Ire- 171)0. Two of his brothers-in-law were adjoining 
land. The late .T. A. Iv. Varner, of Lexington, Ya., neighliors, namely: Ceiu'ral John Bowyer, the 
sine of his lineal descendants and a gentleman well third ]iusban<l of Magdalen Woods; and Joseph 
informed aboiil the Wallaces ami \\'oi)dses, and the Lajisley, the husband of Sarah Woods, 
simrce of mucli of tlie information contained in this The sword which the above-mentioned Adam 
volume, wrote the editor of this work in 189.") that Wallace wielded with telling effect upim the 
Feter Wallace, Jr., was born in 1719. and that his British dragoons at Waxhaw. S. C.. in 1780, de- 
wife. :Martha AVoods. was born in 1720. Feter. Jr.. serves a moment's notice here. Adam was the cap- 
camo from Ireland to Fenusylvania with his tain of one of th(> comiianies of the Tenth Yirginia 
mother in 1724, and it is confidently believed he Ivegiment of the ("out ineiital i.ine ( regulars i, com- 
came with her to Kockbridge county, Ya., about manded by Lieut. -Col. .\braham Biiford. Wallace's 
the year 17:*.".t. Like I wo of his brotliers and one of company was composed of lifty Kockbridge men. 
his sisters, before him, he married his first cousin. Col. Buford's regiment (the Tenth Yirginia) had 
<uie of his uncle Michael Woods's children. This been detached from the Northern Army. and order- 
proliably took iilace about 1744. I!y her he had ed to go to the relief of our beleag-uered gaiTison at 
nine children, as follows:"* 1, 3lAr,('()>r, wlm was Charleston, S. C On their way they learneil that 
in the army under .Morgan, at Boston, and died (ieu. Lincoln liad cajiil iilaied. and Cid. F.uford was 
there, in service, in !77r.; L', Samii;!,. who was ordered to fall liack again low ard the north. Corn- 
born ill 17ir.. who married Rebekah Anderson, wallis. learning of Bnford's retreat, sent his dash- 
who died in 178(;, and who was tlu^ great ing, unscrupulous cavalry oflicer, Col. Tarlton, 
grandfather of the Mr. Varner alluded to above in with 300 picked men. in pursuit ; and after a forced 


inarch of 100 miles, he ovci-ldok Unfold at Wax- ITSO 
luuv, [^. C. licfoi-c Ituford and his Virgiiiiaus ilic i 
could ]>ivpare for (lie attack, tlie IJritish cavalry 
were upon thcia fnnn froiil and rear, and both 
flanks. The Virsiinians dcIi\(Tcd their fire, hut 
before they conld reload Tarleloirs cavalrymen 
were on them with their jiislols and swords. Out 
of 400 men of I'.nford's command :>00 were killed 
or wounded. The wcmnded were hacked to pieces 
in the most inhuman manner. It was in this ter- 
rible encounter that Captain Adam Wallace fell. 
He was a youiiii man of Iwenly-tive years, and 
stood six feet, two inches, in his stockings — the very 
picture of vi^drous manhood. Col. I!iiford, seeing 
his men in confusion, fled early in Ihe fight, but 
young Wallace disdained lo lly ; and, standing his 
ground, met steel with steel — his trusty sword was 
wielded with treiiieiidons vigor, and he managed 
to kill a number of Tarllon's dragoons before he 
received till' fatal blow which ended his noble 
young life. That very sword was, a few years ago, 
in Ihe jiossession of .M.i jor .1. .\. \l. \'ariier, of Lex- 
ington, Vix., himself a descendant of the Aouns; 
hero's brother, Samuel Wallace. It was an in- 
fantry captain's sword, with a buck-horn handle, 
heaxily moiinteil in sil\-er. ( )n the clas]) nearest 
the handle is engra\cd, in clear letters, his name — 
".Vdam Wallace." I'onr broihers, .Malcolm, Adam, 
Andrew and .Tames, sons of I'eter Wallace. 
Jr., and .Martha \\'oods, wore sacrificed upon 
the altar of their country. This interest- 
ing story, which was jaiblished in the Lex- 
ington (A'a.) itaper. The Nocl-hridnc Ncirs,^' ioimd 
its way to Scotland, and a .Mr. William Cum- 
miiig. of Shetlestown, Clasgow, Scotland, 
was moved to jieii some stanzas in which the 
sword of Sir ^Villiam AX'allace, the great Scottish 
jiatriot. is joined with thai of his supposed descend- 
aiil, .\dam \\'allace, of \'irgiuia. Some of these 
stanzas are given in the belief that they will prove 
f)f deep interest to many of the A\'allaces and 
\\oodses of America, in whose veins flows some of 
the same Idood as that which this young hero pour- 
ed out on the fatal field of Waxhaw in the year 

.Vdani Wallace was only 
ime of his death. 

( Weill \-ei"'ht at 

'AN'lieii Scotland's jiatriot hero led 

The Scottish hosts at Stirling's fight. 
Fierce gleamed among the English foe 

His ponderous falchion bright. 
AVhere'er the dreaded weajion flashed, 

There was the deadliest of the fray: 
And England's stoutest sons had fall'n, 

AVlieii victory crown'd the day. 
The centuries have passed since then; 

Hut near our fortress of the North 
The Wallace monument to-day 

Looks out upon the l*\)rtli — 
T>ooks o\er Scotland's proudest fields — 

Slirling and TSannockburn, adored; 
.\iid treasures in its noble walls. 

The time-worn ^^'allace sword. 

(»f Scotland's kin full many a one 

In fair N'irginia's old domain. 
Had found the freedom, which, alas. 

They souglil at home in vain, 
h'or on tlieii- land had fell, awhile. 

The hated tyrant's evil jiower; 
And thus they jiassed, on fiu'eign shore, 

Tbrongli freedom's darkest hour. 
Itiil wbeii the call to arms arose. 

And ISritain would her sons enslave, 
She met, in those N'irginian Scots, 

A phalanx of the brave. 
And one there was at AA'axbaw's fight 

A^'ho to the tyrant would not yield; 
\\'lio boic the naiiH' of "Wallace wight": 

He died upon the field. 
He nobly faced the British foe. 

Like tile ancestor of his race; 
And ga\o liis life for h^reedom's cause. 

Nor sought, in flight, disgrace. 
The sword he bore now lies with men. 

^^'llo well can prize the lituiored blades 
For they have marched to many a fleld 

In "Stonewall's" old Brigade! 
Old veterans of the Southern cause, 

Descendants of our Wallace rare. 
That same old blade links Stirling here 

^^■itll A\'axlia\v over there. 
.\nd in thy honored roll of fame, 

\\'e"d twine our ^^'alla(•e name with thee; 
ISIeiid Scottish with A'lrginian wreath — 

Rockbridge and Elderslie." 



111 a six'cch said to h;\vc hccii dcliviTcd in llic Of all llic iiirmlirrs dl' llic Waliacc-WOdds i-laii 

Viriiiuia llmiso of Delegates, by tlic late (iovcnioi' iioiic liad a imlilci- icconi in llic liveat struggle for 

James .McDowell, occurs this seutence couceruiug American independence liian did I'elei- Walliice, 

lln- hra\'e youug soldier who owned that sword: Jr., and his wile, .Mai-ilia Woods. To that sacreil 

"That dark and dismal page in the history of the cause they gaxc live hraxc sons: Samuel, .Malcolm, 

Revolution — that carnival of cruel and nnjnstifi- Andrew, Jann's and .\dam. all hut one of whom 

ahle slaughtei' — stami)ed wilh Ihe name of Wax- (dfered u]i his life njion Ihe aliar of freedcnn. These 

haw, is illnminaled only hy the splendid heroism Scotch-Irish I'resliylei-ians wei-e of Ihe class of 

of a soldier from the valley of \'irginia, whom I men on whom Washingtini said h<' coiild rely in the 

am prond lo claim as my kinsman.'^ ("a]itain dark hour of disasler. 
Adam \\'allace, of Rockbridge."' 



In the old family burial-ground of .Michael true beyond all dis|inle, hul that they seem to rest 

W Is, on Ihe ]ilaniation which he owned and oc- upon good evidem-e. and thai nothing inconsistent 

cnpied for alxnit twenty-eight years in Albemarle with any one of ilicm is known to the writer. 

counly, N'irginia, there is to be seen Ihe grave in It is certainly known ihal ihe laily whom 

which .Micliaeks body was laid to rest in the year .Michael Woods married, ])ossibly nineteen years 

ITlii'. I'p to about the year 18G1 this grave was prior to his migrai ion to .Vnu'rica, was named Mary 

marked hy a rather rudely formed headstone, on rampbell. ll has been asserted by trustworthy 

which was an inscription sln>wing that he was horn writers, and has long been curi'ently believed by 

in the vear 11)84, and died in ITCd'. Only a part the descendants of .Michael and .Mary, that she was 

of Ihe headstone now remains, Ihe n](per ])ortion of the liouse of ihe 1 »id<e of .\rgyle, and belonged to 

having been broken off. Intelligent :ind Irust- the famous Scotch clan — ( 'am]>bell."^ This fact, 

woriliN persons in the neighborhood have asserted if we consider it as c(uiclusively settled, would seem 

that they had seen the stone and read the inscri])- to indicate that :\[ichiiel Woods may have gotten 

lion before and after it was broken, and hence the his wife in Scot land; and, if this be true, ihcn it 

d.-ite of Michael Woods's birth and death, and the would seem (|nite |)ossiblc that the Woodses may 

l>recise ](lace of his burial may be cimsidered as have resided in Scotland pricu- to their being in 

settled for all time. That he was born in the Ireland, which smne persons well ipialiticd to jndge 

Emei-ald Isle; that he was the second child of a have not hesitate(l lo assert was Ihe case. The 

certain .lolin W Is, who was the s(Ui of an English AVoodses may, indeed, have been pure English 

trooper in the Croniwellian army of invasi(Ui, by stock, but they may ha\-e migrated to Scotland be- 

his wife, Elizabeth Worsoji; that he was a man of fore c(nning to Ireland. .Vnd Ihe wfiler cmifesses 

familv prior to his migration from Irelaml, and that there are several considerations which have 

took with him, when he moved, his wife ami several tended lo imline his own niimi to this supi)osii ion. 

childi-en; that he migrated to America in the year The fact that the lal her of .lohn Woods ( and grand- 

lTl'4, and that his tirst place of settlement in the f.-iTher of .Michael i was in ("romwcll's army, which 

New World was in the colony of Pennsylvania — all iinaded Ireland ahont llil'.i, does not re(piii-e vis |o 

of these details have already been stated to be snb- conclmle that the \\' Ises had not left England 

sianlially correct on the strength of authorities before that time, .-iml had not resided in Scotland, 

cited in the lirst chajiter of Part 1, of this volume." It would have licen no dil'liciih or niinatnral thing 

It is not clainu'd that each and all of the for .lohn Woods's (at her to have connected himself 

statements im-lnded in the foregoing sentence are with Cromwcirs army after it reached Ireland, if 

10 THE woods-:mcafee :\ii:AroinAT.. 

Ills s\ iiipjil liics were with tlic imadcrs, and lie was occiipicil liy tliat indiisl rious. liravc and (iod-frar- 
llicn a cil i/.i'n of tliat (•(iniitry. in^- i-acc. He was f^lad, also, tn lia\c the liardv Cxer- 
( 'unccrninii- llic stay wliicli .Micliacl and liis mans nialcc the liaclcwonds of \'ir;4inia llicir lioinc' ' 
faaiil.N made in I'cnnsyhania, we lia\c Init Utile The expansion of the colony hy this means 
certain knowledge. Il seems to liave been aiiveed meant not only the u'cneral indnsirial prosperity of 
liy all who haxc wrilleu on this snlijeet that the the country, hut il ]ir()\ided a liody of settlers on 
Woo<lses and Wallaces settled in Lam-aster county the colonial frontier, wiiiih wonld serve as a most 
of that colony. The wi-iter. howexcr, has been un- valuable ])rotection aiiainsl the 1 ndians to the older 
able, after some correspondence with the clerks of settlements in the central and tide-water portions 
several of Ihe Pennsylvania comities, to find a of the colon\. (iov. (loocli was a somewhat zealous 
single record to indicate tliat ^lichael ^\■oo(ls ever ])artisan of Ihe Established ('hnrcii, and had no 
purchased or sold any land in what was, in 1724 to special admiration for the religious \iews and prac- 
1734, Lancaster county. lie may liaxc resided tices of I'resbyterians and other Dissenters in 
thei'e, howe\er, without carinn to make any invesi- the colony; but he was now more than williiiL;' to 
nieuts in real estate, for we know he did not remain make concessions and hold out inducements to the 
there bnt ten years, and then migraled to ^'irg,■inia. Scotch-Irish and (iermans of rennsylvania. Tie 
Tbedateof this mii;ralion is fixed in the year 17;->4 olTered tine lands to them upon liberal terms, and 
by I'o(tte, A\'addell, I'eyton and Dr. Edgar ^^'oods. assured all new settler-s of ample protection and 
And we hapiieu to lia\c a twofold e.\p]anation of welcome. ]»ro\ ided Ihey \\-ere law-aliiding. and will- 
this southward move of the W'oodses and Wallaces. iiig to n]iliol(| the Act of Toleration. Whilst the 
l-^ir (Uie thing, by 17;>1.', the original settlers of Scotidi-lrish ue\'er had much use for that .Vet, 
Pennsylvania, having grown jeahms of the Scotch- despising, in their souls, the \rvy idea that any 
Irish who had come into the colony by thousands, decent, upright citizen should need lo be "tol- 
and by their frugality, imlnstry and skill had crated'" instead of being left free to worshi]) <!(m1 
grown prosperous, began to tirge Ihe Proprietary as he saw best, and not ((unpelled to ])ay taxes to 
Government to enact restricti\'e measures aimed at su])i>ort a form of religicui which he disai)])roved, 
these new-comers, and intended to harass them and Ihey were willing to acce]>t the <!o\-ernor's offer, 
discourage furthei- adilitions of their kind to the So it lame to pass that a vast tide of these brave 
poi»ulation of the colony. Thus did the men who peo|de jioiired into the (Jreat A'alley, and through 
succeeded the liberty-loving and benevolent ^\'il■ the gaps of the lUue Itidge over to the fertile and 
liani reiin repudiate the \-ery ]iriiicip!es which at charming i-egion which la_\- at its eastern base. 
lirst had dominaled the jiolicy of that colony and (biv. (iooch was truly a shrewd statesman, but he 
rendered it al tract i ve t o t he ] leople (d' I'lster. The builded much wiser than he knew; for that new- 
result of this ungenerous legislation, no doubt, was element, which he thus helped to introduce into 
that man\' of the Scotch-Irish settlers were reii- X'irginia's life, nil iniately effected a complete revo- 
dered uncomforlable and made ready to impro\-e, lution in llie wlude spirit and character of her 
with alacrity, any favorable o|ieuings foi- bettering people and her laws. There Avere, indeed, s(une 
their condil ion. The shrewd goxcrnor of the colony ]iainful struggles, and no lit tie friction as the vears 
of A'irgini.-i, Sir William (!ooch, was not slow to passed; but before t he eighteenth i-entury had run 
give s]iecial encouragement to settlers from IN-nn- its course, the democratic ideas, which had theii- 
sylvania. Himself a Scotchman, he well knew the chief nurser\- in the \'alley and I'iedmont sections 
sturdy character of theScotch-Irish, and was only of \'irgiiiia, had come to dominate the whole of the 
tov) glad to see the (ireat Valley and all the as-yet- State.''' The comuKai cause which all \'irginiaus 
unsettled regions on both sides of the I>lue Kidge had to make against ihe tyrannies of the Jlother 


Cdiiiitry ill the KcMiliitiduarv pci-ind l)i-((iioht them down iiilo tlic splciidiil \':illcy ;iiid creel lioiiies. 

iit last to see eye to eye, and In stand sliunlder ti» Tlie I'iedinonI IJeiiioii. i1iiiiil;1i <li)Sei- In (lie nldei- 

sliniilder; and when iliey emerged I'min lliat tre- settlements of llie enlniiy, and lying nn the eastern 

ineiidnus struggle, I he nld antagonisms had praeti- side nf I he niminlains, NAas (juite as slow in being 

(■ally disappeared, and \'irginians were one great settled as ihe \'allev. Fiske tells ns that in Spots- 

jieople, living togetliei' ill the mnsi cnrdial friend- wood's time (1710 to IT^L'i ihe vi-vv (>nt])osts of 

slii]i and mntiial esteem. The hearing which these ICnglish ci\iliy,;il inn had iml crept inland iwcst- 

rctlections have n]Miii niir narrali\'e will he ap- wardi heyniid the ]iniiils ai which the ocean tides 

]iarent as we ])rnceed. ei)lied and tlowcd. ",V slri]i of forest tifly mih's or 

That famous i-ange of the .Vjiiialachiaii system, more in breadth still iuter\cned between the N'ir- 

called the lilne llidge, enters \'irginia from ^fary- giiiia frontier and those bine peaks visible against 

land at Harper's Ferr_\ on the I'nlomac, and ex- the western sky."-' This same stale of things 

lends clear across the State in a snnlh westerly seems to Innc coniiniied almosi up to the time at 

direction, a distance of J.")(l miles, and passes on which ^lichael Woods sett led at theeastei'ii base of 

into North Carolina. < »ii the western side of this the Uliie IJidgc in what is now Albemarle county, 

range lies the (ireat \'alley, which averages abniit N'irginia, jnst at the gaj) which thereafter took his 

thirty miles in width, and extends to the parallel name.-- The western half of what is now .\lbe- 

range of the Alleghanies on the west. On the east niarle county seems to have had no settlers ]irior to 

side of the Blue Kidge lies a tier of counties com- the date at which .Michael Woods lixed his haiiila- 

])osing what is known as the riedmont IJegion of lion at the east ern base of the I'.liie Kidge. On the 

Virginia — the foot-of-the-mountain country, as its western side of Ihe mountain, in the ^'alley, prnb- 

name implies. It Avas this Piedmont Kegion which ably the only settlement then in existence, as far 

iMichael Woods chose as his home in lT;U;and, so south as that of ^Voods, was the one made two 

far as known, he was the first white man to settle yi'ars before ( 17:51' i by John Lewis, neai- where 

in that part of the colony. Ii is usual to say that Staunton now is.'-' The territory now included 

the romantic, not to say hilai-ious. expedition of in the county of Augusta was then a part of Orange 

(iovernor Spotsw 1, in 171(i, marks the beginning county, and what is now Albemarle was then a part 

of the ex])loration of the ^'alley, though several of Ooocliland. The frontier of the colony then ex- 
earlier tours to jKU-tions of its area are contended tended along the eastern base of the Pdue Itidge at 
for by various writers.''' The actual occupation least twenty miles back from it, and the whole of 
of the Valley by permanent settlers, however, did the Valley was a virgin wilderness, with a single 
not take place till 1732, about fourteen years after settler in the wlnde of the leri-itory now iiiclude<l 
Oov. Spotswood's famous Knights of the (ioldeii i" H'"' i-ounlies of Kockingham, Page, Augusta, 
Horseshoe had unc(U'ked and merrily emptied their IJockbridge, and beyond, and the little colony of 
numerous brandy and champagne bottles on the -Toist Hite near the site of Winchester, about eighty 
!>anks of the lovely Shenandoah.'" A man from miles to the north. It was into this jiractically un- 
I'ennsylvania named Joist Hite made, in 17:'.l', inhabited wilderness that .Michael Woods pene- 
what is generally considered the first permanent trated in ihe ycai- 17;!4,'' there to live out the re- 
white settlement in the Valley about five miles maiiiing days of his life. He was then fifty years of 
south (d' where Winchester now stands. Hite had age, and had a large family of children — not less 
a warrant for -lO,!)!)!) acres of land which John and than ehveii. as will be shown farther on — all of 
Isaac Vanmeter had gotten from (!ov. (Jooch only whom Inn one seem to have acconi]ianied him in tJiis 
two years before, and he ]U-oceedi'd to offer induce- migration. < »f course. Ave are obliged to assunu^ — 
ments to enterprising men at the North to come though we lunc im ])ositi\c e\ ideiice of the course 


]nii-snc(l ill this ]i;irt iciilnr case — that no sciisihlc kimwn llial llic Indians al I lie iKirtli-wcst were con- 
man would scl nnl in tliat I'avly ilay, npon a stantly at war with uihcr irilics at tlii' Soutli, and 
joui'Mcy >if move tlian I wo Inindrcd miles, from liands of warriors wci-c rr(M|iiciitly jiassini;- to and. 
I.ancaslcr counlv. I'cnnsx hania. lo tlic wilds of fro alonii tlic N'allcy. and lliroujili ^^■oods■s (iap, 
Virifinia, witli a lot of women and cliildi-cn and ln-nt on mischief to each other. These warlike 
]n)nsehold elTecls. unless lie had iirevionsly nunle a jiarties of savages co\ild not lie de|iended on to re- 
tonr of inx'estiyation to tlie rei;ion in w hicli he |iro- main |ieacealile and harmless. Thev would steal 
|iosed to settle, aud made some arrangements for anv valnaldes they could lay hands on. and tlu'y 
the comfort aud safety of his family. A\'e may. were not at all averse t<i Idoodshed, esjiecially when 
therefore, feel preliy sure that sexcral of the men iiieetiuL; with ]»ai'ties of whites whom they greatly 
of his family had \isited N'irginia s(uue months in out nuuiliered. ()f the Indian trihes whom the 
aihance of the act ual migi-at ion. tixe(l n]ion the ex- early settlers in the N'alley had t<i deal with ^Ir. 
act hication to he occu]iied, and ]ierha]is erected a \\'addell writes entertainingly, making free quota- 
few rude caliins in the forest. The jirecise neighhor- tions from Withers's I'.order \\'arfare.''' From his 
hood selected wo know with all reasoualile cer- account we learn that the r)elawares of the North, 
tainty. It was in what is now AHiemarle county and the Catawlias of ihe South, were at war with 
(then ( iodcliland I . aliout fourteen miles west of each other alioul I he t iiiie -lohn hewis and .Mii-hael 
the low n of ( 'harlot les\ille, and immediately at the \\dods nio\od down into \'ii-ginia. and that this 
foot of the Ulue lliilge. at the gap which for several circumstance retardeil the seiilement of the 
generations was called \\dods"s (iap. and is now country liy the whiles. W'addell gives it as his 
known as Jarmairs. The ("liesa]M'ake vV; Ohio o]iinion that all of the earliest settlers of the VM- 
Kailway now traverses what was the plantation of l<'y came from I'ennsylvania. and came up the 
.MichaeMVoods, het ween the stations of Oreenwood Shenandoah N'alley. Whilst there were uo roads 
and Orozet. It is near the head hranclies of the tlien in existence in the \alley, ther-e were Indian 
stream called Lickinghole ( 'reek, and in om' of the and. I'.ntfalo trails fairly well suited to pack- 
most licant ifiil and desiralile locations in \'irginia. horses.'' According to I'eyron, the war-|iatli tra\- 
Tlie reasons iiii|ielling Michael Woods to choose the elled hy the Indians on their hostile ex])eilitious 
eastern liase of the Kidge for a home, instead of the against each other crossed the I'.lue Kidge at 
Great \alley on its western side, we can only con- Woods's (Ja]! ( Jarman's i and Kocktisli ( iaji, jiassed 
jecture; lint we can well lieliiwe that he felt he liy the site of Staunton, and on down the N'alley to 
would he somewhat hetter sliielded from Indian the northward.-" It was directly on this war-path 
attacks on that side, .lohn Lewis, the tirst settler that Michael Woods maile his settlement. There 
in that poi-t ion of the ^'alle\■ contiguous to the is now a road leading Ihrougli Woods's (lap from 
Woods settlement, had only heeii there two years; .VHiemarle o\er to the ^'alley, which reaches the 
and whilst, as Waddell informs ns,'' the N'alley he- South l-'ork of the Shenandoah rivei- at Doom's, a 
gan to till up ra]iidly soon after Lewis came, it is small station on the Norfolk ^<; NN'estern K. IJ., and 
not likely that many families had settled in that there can scarcely lie a donlit that this was the pre- 
\icinity by Ihe time Michael Woods had nuide tip cise route which .Michael Woods came in 1T;>4. Tln^ 
his mind to migrate. old \\'ilderiiess Koad. which ran from l'hiladel]ihia 
No iuo\'e could lie made, liy any jirudeiit man. to the Potomac I'iver. and thence iqi the \'allev to 
into the N'irginia wilderness without taking ac- New Iliver. aud on down through Southwestern 
count of the Indians. \\'hilst it seems reasonably ^'irginia to ('umheilaud (iaji and Kentucky, had. 
certain that ahotit this time I 17;>L'-.">) the whites of course, not yet come into being for more than a 
and sa\ages \\ere not at A\ar with each other, it is small part <if the distance; but no doubt the same 


Q 5 


Iii(li;m iind liiirfiiln trails, wliicli it iiiniiilv t'nlli)\\c(l, hardly have Imcii tJii-cc, as l)i-. I'unif assciis, Imt 
had in-ohahlv hccii already marked nut for eeiilur- only two. One of these was William Wallace 
ies. That road ]»assed throujih Laneaster, Peuu- (mentioned In Dr. I'ooici, who had marriid llan- 
sylvania, and Staunton. \'iri;inia. The distanee nah Woods; and another, most prohaldy, was An- 
hy that i-oute from Lancaster to Woods's (iaj) was drew A^'allace, hi-ollier of William, who mari-ied 
aliont 225 miles; and in travorsinu it with a miscel- ilar>iaret \\()ods. The oidy other daiiuhier of 
laneons company of wonuMi, children, cattle, and .Michael who was old enoiii;h lo h.i\c lieen marrieil 
the usual arra\ of household Li'oods and supplies, by 17."^4 was .Magdalen, his eldesi child, whose lirst 
the time occui)ied could hardly he less than two hushaml was .lohu .Mel >owcll, and many who have 
weeks, or lonticr. written about her have posiii\('ly asserted, or as- 
()f the persons, chattels, etc., composinn' the lit- snnied, that she came to .\merica with her latliei-, 
tlecara\au of .Michael Woods, we know somethin<i-, and married -lohn .\i(l>owcll in reuusyhania, and 
but not a lireat deal. Still, the little we do know was livinii' in \'ir<iinia as early as 1T3G. P>nt each 
furnishes a basis for some most reasonable con- and all of these assumpiious as to .Mai;dalen are 
jectures which it can do ns no harm to consider for jiroved by the court records of ((ran^e couniy, \'ir- 
a moment. From Foote and others we learn that giuia, to have been entirely mistaken. She mar- 
.Micliael had with him on this memorable journey ried John McDowell in Great P>ritain, and did not 
.several sons and sons-in-law. Dr. Foote does not come to America till 1737. Of this we shall have 
give the names of any of the i)arty, exeept that of more to say when considering the number of 
.Michael himself, and Willi;im AVallaee, one of his Michael's children, fuillu'r on. Dr. Foote had 
sons-in-law. And he does not cite any authority probably adopted the current belief that Magdalen 
for his assei'tion; but it is likely he knew, and had came to .\merica in 1724 with her parents, and he 
conversed with, some of old Michael's descendants may have conclnded, also, that she and hei- hus- 
in Albemarle, Augusta, or Rockbridge, between band accomiianied her fathei- to A'iruinia in 1734, 
1S40 and INoO, who preserved the traditions of the as they were know n to ha\c been in that colony 
family. As we know what children .Michael had, shortly afterwards, in addition to the three mar- 
aud lia\c the means of knowing about when mctst of ried children in America, and .Magdalen still in 
his children were born, and know whom they mar- Ireland, .Michael and .Mary had three sons and two 
ried, and have good reasons for believing that every daughters, ranging in agi' from about eighteen 
one of his eleven children, except his eldest (Mag- down to ten years, all of wluuu wi' may safely as- 
daleni, migrated with him to Virginia, we can sume came with their i)a rents, nanu-ly: L'ichard. 
make a very fair giu'ss as to the size and composi- ^lartha, Andre^^", Archibald and Sarah. Then, as 
tion of the coiu]>any which journeyeil in 17.">4 froni in this ciuu|»any there were five young married 
Lancaster county, I'ennsylvania. to (ioochland cou])les, we may further assuiue there wei'e not less 
county, N'irgiuia, and canu' to a hall at the foot of than seven or eight little folks, most of whom were 
the Itlue Kidge under the shadow of the gap which than two yeai-s old. Then th<'i-e were, in all 
came to bear the name of Woods. First of all, probability, several indentured servants, belonging 
there were .Michael and ilary. his wife. Then the to members of the com|>any. Thus there must 
three sons (d' .Michael, whom Dr. Foote refers to, have been fi'cuu t wcnty-lixc to thirty pei-sons, \(Miug 
were probably — almost certainly — AN'illiam. who and old, in this migration. Then these families, 
had mari-ied Susannah Wallace; Michael, dr., besides a great variety of sujiplies and hiuisehold 
whose wife was Anne; and -Tohii, who mari-ied goods, must have brought along a nund)er of cat- 
Susannah Anderson. The nundier (d' sons-in-law tie, pigs, sln-ep and domestic fowls, not to mention 
who accompanied Michael in this migration could the inevitable assenddage of dogs, which could not 


be left licliind. \\iv llic \\unicii and cliildi'eu and < 'liarlottcsN illc. It having htn/n dccnuMl jn'udt'iit 
niiscclhiucnns cliallcls ol' sci considcralilc a com- liy llic Americans tn rcninvc the Hritish prisuncrs 
|iany as tiial a liood many horses furnished witli (iver iiiln the ^'allc'y and up to \\in(hester, this 
l)aclv-saddles would he i'e(iuired — not less tbau fif- Major Anhury, \\ho was evid<'ntly a geutlemau of 
teen or twenty — the grand aggregate constituting cullure, wrote to his friends in lOngland an account 
a soniewliat pretentions caravan. The able-bodieil of the trip from Charlottesville, through Woods's 
men and older lioys would wallc. and eacli had, we <ia]i to Wincliesier. In this letter, dated at Win- 
can be sure, his llinl-lock rille, lomahawk. and hunt- eheslei- Nov. L'(», 17S(», he says: "^^'e crossed the 
ing knife. The distance, as i-emarked above, from J'ignut JJidge, or more properly Ihe lUue Alouut- 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, lo \\dods's (ia]i was 225 ains, at ^^'oods"s (iap, and though considerably 
miles, and, as such a body could not average more loftier llian llios<' we ci'ossetl in ('onn<'cticnt, we did 
than fifteen miles a day, the Joui-ney probably con- not meet witli so many ditticulties; in short, you 
sumed about two weeks or longer. From Lau- scarcely iierceive, till yon are up(Ui the summit, 
caster down to the I'olomac — fully one half of the that yoti are gaining an eminence, much less one 
distance — \\c would e.\]iecl a jiretty fair road for that is of such prodigious height, owing to the ju- 
Iku'scs. When the coni|iany had once gotten into diciotis manner that the iidialdtants ha\'e made the 
the (Ireat \'alley, the oul|iosts of ci\ilization were road, which by its windings renders the ascent ex- 
reached, and from thence on to their destination a treimdy easy. After traveling near a mile through 
sharj) look(Uit for Indians was needful to be nmin- a thick woikI before you gain the summit of these 
tained. I'.efore reaching the western base of the mountains, when you reach the loj), you are sud- 
Illue IJidge, o]i]>osite the ga](, soon to become deuly surprised with an unbounded pros]iect that 
known as ^^'oods's, the decided depression in the strikes yon with amazement. .Vt the foot of the 
mountain just in front be<-anie \isible. At a dis- mountain runs a beautiful river; lieyond it is a 
tance of threi' to five miles to the «est, and \cry exteiisixc plain, interspersed \\itli a \ariety of 
north-west, one easily recognizes the ga]j to-day. objects to render the scene still more delightful; 
The gap-crest is 2,4(10 feet aliove sea-level, whilst and about tifty miles distant are the lofty Alleghany 
the ridge-crest is, on the one side, .">, 1(1(1 feet, and on .Mountains, whose tops are buried in the skies." 
the other, 3,000. The ascent fnua tlu- South I'ork These, lei it lie noted, are the impressions of a 
of the Shenandoah at l>oonrs Station covers only ca|iti\e Itritish s(ddier in the fall of 17S0 — forty- 
about three miles, but the rise is 1,200 feet to the six years after the >\dodses and ^\■allaces reached 
crest of the ga^) \\ here the road ])asses througli. the place — he being on his way to AViuchester, some 
I^p this ascent the caravan slow ly crept, following eighty miles to the north. Of conrse this gentle- 
tlie old Indian war-i)ath, and when the top was man was not describing tln^ view towards whi<h 
reached the scene to the south and south-east which Michael \\dods was now advancing, Iml the scenery 
met their gaze must ha\e been enchanting, if these is very charming in both directions, 
practical people were blessed at all with the It is no wonder ^Michael AA'oods \v-as pleased 
esthetic sense. A lovelier, more impressive view with the <-harming country which lay spread out 
it would be difficult to lind anywhere in the world. bef(U-e him w hen he stood in t!ie ga]) and looked 
Dr. Edgar Woods, of Charlottesville, Virginia, in toward the south and sonth-east. It is, of course, 
his valuable History of Albemarle County, has lovelier to-day than it was in 1734, as the whole 
given s(tme interesting letters written by a .Majin- region is under cidtivation, and farm lumses and 
Aidiury, a Britisli officer who was captured at Bur- villages dot the plains, and the marks of modern 
goyne's surrender in the fall of 1777, and who was civilization greet the eye in every direction. Just 
confined for a cou]de of years in a jtrison camp at here :Michael Woods spent the remaining twenty- 



u o 

S £ 




eight years of Iiis life, ;nnl licrc, in liis own private the exjiosed regions near, and west of, the Blue 
hnrialgrouud, liis diisl lias i^eposed since t7<)-, he- Ridge was such as we can scarccdv nnderstand in 
side that of Iiis wile and some of liis cjiildren and tliese days of peace. .Many selllers left their 
childreu's chihlren. lionn-s and Ih-d, some e\en going down into NoT'tli 
The extremely exposed position occujiied ])y (he Carolina. The reason was that everyhody fnlly 
Woodses and Wallaces at the base of tlie Bine expected tJiat the Indians, endioldened hy their 
Ridge from the lime of (lieir setllemeni lliere in nolahle \ictory, wonld in a few days, or weeks, at 
1734, nnlil llie (lose of tlie Frencli and Indian mnsi, overrun the more exposed seKlemeuts, and 
Wars in ITtii! — a period of neai'ly thirty years — murder the inhabitants and destroy everything 
must be borne in mind in order to understand they might be unable to carry away. Now, Michael 
arighl I lie conditions in the midst of which they Woods and his children were at this critical mo- 
lived. Ill all those years they were in a frontier ment living in one of the most insecure localities in 
region, and constantly in dangei- of Indian out- the colony, immediately on that very war-path from 
rages. Whilst, as was stated above, tlie Indians the north-west, ^\hich the savages would be ex- 
were not formally and avowedly at war with the pected to travel on tlieii- mission of blood and de 
whites for most of this i)eriod. but only with each struction. AVhat sorrow, ccmsternatiou and dread 
other, yet they were constantly passing to and fro tilled the hearts of the men and women of whom we 
through the country, and now and then committed now write, we can only imagine, for they have left 
the most terrible deeds of blood. For instance, in us only the briefest records to inform us of their 
December, 1741', only about eight years after fearful experiences; but we know that the Woodses, 
.Michael Woods settled at \\()ods"s Ga]), a baud of Wallaces, McDowells, Lai)sle3's, etc., were there 
Shawiiees from north of the Ohio invaded the Val- with their wives, their helpless little children and 
ley, and -lohii .Mel >owcll, the son-in-law of Michael all their worldly possessions, and were in sore i)eril 
^\■oods, with eight of his companions, was killed by and distress, such as but few of their descendants 
them on Janu's river, near Balcony Falls, in what have ever known. Michael Woods, therefore, spent 
is now Kockbridge county, where N(U'th river enters the whole of the twenty-eight years which he lived 
the .Tames.-' In 17.").-) — Sunday, July S — the very in Virginia in the midst of the hardships and stren- 
day before Uraddock's defeat in I'ennsylvania, oc- nous conditions of a frontier life, and in all our 
curred the noted massacre at Drapers Meadows, on estimates of them ^\•e must keep these facts in mind 
New river, in w hat is now .Montgomery cimnty, Vir- if we would understand what manner of folk our 
ginia. The next day — July i), 17r)."i — the defeat of ancestors were. 

the British and N'irginians by the hrench and Indi- Whether Micliael >\'oods purchased any laud in 

aiis at fori iMupiesne, and the death of (ieneral Virginia at the time he migrated thither, we now 

Itraddock, their commander, soon seiil a Ihi-ill of have no nieaiis of determining; but Dr. Edgar 

horror all Ihrough N'irgiuia. and especially through Woods, who lias given this question much careful 

the sparsely settled region in which the Woodso'S study, seems to have concluded that Michael's first 

and Wallaces then lived. Thackeray, in "The Vir- investment in Goochland county (now Albemarle) 

ginians," quoted by AVaddell,"" gives a graphic was made in 1737, three years after he settled in 

description of the s])eed with whi( h the news of this that region. '^ Certain it is, as ofticial recoi'ds show, 

fearful disaster reached all itai'ts of the colonv, ami .Michael i-ecei\-ed three Crown Gi-auts aggrecating 

of the teri'or which seemed then to seize every 1337 acres that year from King George II. The 

heart. Of the 300 \irginia militia in the battle 90 original patent for one of them, which is dated June 

percent, were killed, (uily I hirty escaping alive. 4, 1737 — fourth year of George II — and signed 

The consternation of the inhabitants throughout by Sir William Gooch, the then Lieutenant- 


Governor of tlic "rdloiiy iuid Doiniiiioii of In llic ciist of tlic ](l;icc on wliicli ^ricliacl resided. 
Virf>'iiii;i," is now in ilie possession of Hon. Ii sci'nis neuriy certiiin ilinl lie liad conxcycMJ Ins 
^liciijiili W'odds, of ( 'ii;irlottes\ille, \'ir,L;inia, lionic |ilacc. nr at Icasi liiat jnntion of it on wliieli 
and a cojiy of tlie same is in tlic hands of the stood his dwcllinn honsc, to his son William, years 
■writer.'" This llHI-a<i-i' trad lay on Lickiniihole liefcn'e lie (lii d. .MIiIukI was scventy-eiiiht years old 
crei'k and .Mechnnis river. That same year he at tlic time (d' his deal li. and he hail ](nilialily been 
boniihl a tract of L',(»0(l acres on Ivy creek, not far a, widower for at least nineteen years; for in nniiier- 
away, ri-um one Charles llndson. which said iind- oiis conv(-yanees he executed in 174;>, his wilVs 
son lia<l |ialt'nted in IT:!."). .Midiacrs son Arehi- name does not apiiear. l!nt we know tliat William 
hald and his son-indaw, William Wallace, pro- Woods sold part of the old place to one Thomas 
cured ].ateiits for Crown (ir;ints the sauu' year that Adams about ITTo; and that Adams, in making his 
^lichael did. for about iln same number of acres, will in 17SS, left it to a -Iiulfie Blair, and spoke of 
each, and in the same neighborhood. Archibald it as '-.Mouidain Tlains." Tliat was evidently the 
had probably just reached his majority, having name the plantation had long been known liy. After 
been boi-n, as is supposed, in 17l(>. It is also as- Judge lUair came into jiossession (d" it, however, it 
sorted — uixHi w hat authority we know not — that, came to be called "Itlair Tark," a name it holds to 
on that day. dune 4, 17;'>7, .Michael received other tins day. And because there were so many 
grants of land aggregating (i,ti74 acres, and that Woodses named .Michael, in honor of the head of 
three of his sons received grants for about 5,400 the family, one of whom was his own son, in order 
acres. Land was i-idiculonsly chea]i in that part to distinguish the old ]>alriarcli from all the other 
of the coniilry at that early ]noneer period, the Michaels he came to be known by all as "Michael 
colonial authorities being only loo glad to have Woods of lUair I'ark." The comparatively level 
sturdy settlers occupy the fi'ontier and bear the stretch of country included within his plantation, 
brunt of developing the country in the face of the ami lying just at the foot of the lilue Eidge, and in 
treniemlons difli<iilties necessar.x' to be encountered, close pi-o.\imity to several i-onsiderable outlying 
Brawn, brain and nerve counted for more than cash jieaks, made the name of .Mountain I'lains very ap- 
atthat particular time, and in that jiarl icular part jodpriate, and it is to be regretted that this historic 
of the colony; and it is very probable that tmr and suggestive appellation was ever dropped, 
ancestors of that period had more of the former The first church of any faith, except that of the 
than of the last-mimed commodity. On no other English Established Church, in ( ioochland count}', 
theory can we explain their willingness to settle belonged to Presbyterians, and was erected on or 
and live in that part of the world. By frugality close to .Michael Woods's place, and owed its exist- 
and induslry, however, they bettered their condi- ence mainly to the Woodses and Wallaces. Tliis 
tion, and some of the children of .Michaid seem to church was called the .Mountain Plains Church, in 
have accumulated a considerable amount of prop- honor of Michael Woods; and though the Presby- 
ertv before passing a«ay. terians tinallv became so scarce in that vicinity in 
We do not know whether or not .Michael ^Voods after years as to induce them to sell their house of 
ever ga\"e his main farm or idaiitation any distinct- worship to a sister dennmiiial ion of Christians ( the 
ive name, but it has had at least two names since Baptists), the name of .Mountain Plains still ad- 
liis death. In his will, daded in 17bl, he makes no heres to it, thereby affording another reason why 
reference to his old home place whatever. The .Micluud's old home place should never have been 
only land rid'ei-red to in that document was a cer- called by any other name than that which con- 
tain tract of (iSO acres, lying on Ivy creek, which nected it so appropriately with the first man that 
stream A\as, at its nearest point, six or seven miles e^er came into that neighborhood to make a home. 



Anotlicr cliangc of iiaiiics. fully as regrettable as 
tliis, is here suggested lo the writer's mind, and 
that is, the one which was made in the name of the 
gaj) in the Rlne Kidge wliicli looks down njton the 
spot where Miehael AVoods lived, and which was 
foi' so many years known as Woods's Gap. In all 
tlie earlici' ]>nlilishcd \(ilnnics this was the recog- 
nized name f(ir that mountain ]tass. In IT.")" the 
^'irginia ('idonial .\ssenddy designated it in tliat 
way.'' If ever there Avas a spot whicli liad an aj)- 
])r(i])riate name it was that ga]). when called for 
.Micliaei A\'(I(k1s. lie was not only tlie lirst white 
man that settled anywlu-re within twenty miles of 
if. but he made his Iiome right by it for twenty- 
eiglit years: and, aboAc all. he was as worthy a 
citizen as ever resided in that part of the land, and 
reared tliere one of the most re])utable families the 
county has ever produced. J'.ut tliis small honor 
the State of Virginia has allowed him to lie de- 
prived of. .Vbout eighty or ninety years ago, om' 
Thomas Jarman ])urchased land (ui the crest of the 
ISiue Ridge at that ])ass, and from that time on the 
name of AA'oods has been displac<'d by that of lar- 
man, and now all the maps ha\e it "Jarman's (rap." 
To be sure, it is not a vital matter, or worth any 
co7iteutiou; and yet it does seem hardly the hand- 
some thing for A'irginia to lend her countenance to 
a thange so needless, anil one which takes from om' 
of her worthiest pioneers the only jiublic recog- 
nition he ever had in the records o\' a col- 
ony and State to which he gave so many gallant 
defenders during the I'rench and Indians A\'ars, 
and the Kevoint ion. It is modestly suggeste(l that 
it wduld not be amiss in the Virginia Legislature, 
at some time in the not distant future, to indulge 
in a little "poetic justice" by ordaining that sai<l 
pass be hereafter recognized, in all the official acts 
of the State thereto relating, by its ancient and 
]iroper designation — "Woods's (ia])." The worthy 
gentleman whose name liecanie attached to this 
beautiful nio\intain ]>ass — All-. .Tarnian — could 
hardly o|ipose the change to the original designa- 
tion, I'oi' his own lielo\'e(l daughter, Aliss Alarv. 

siiowed a s]iecial liking for the name of A\'oods by 
luari-ying one of old .Michael's grandsons. 

The religious beliefs and denominational pref- 
erences of the A\'oodses were, as we ha\c good 
reasons for belie\ing, l'r( sbyt( i-ian, in the main. 
That Alichael Woods and his w ife, Mary Camjiliell, 
and the \\'allaces, ami the .Mi 1 )ow ells, and the 
Lapslevs wei'e Scotch I'lcsbylerians there seems to 
lie no cause to doubt. Some members of the next 
generation, howexer, became ardent I'aptists. As 
the generations have come and gone since IToO. and 
intermari'iages with niembei's of various other 
faiths have occurred, the solidity <if the ri'esby- 
terian "line" has been very considerably broken, 
and yet it is probalily ti-ue that more of the descend- 
ants of the families named above can still be found 
in the Presbyterian told than in any other one 
denomination of Christians. 

The religious i)rivileges of the settlers at 
Woods's (ia]i were pi'obably nevei- very abundant 
at any perio<l in the iMghleenlh centui-y; they were 
painfully meagre for the tirst ten or fifteen years 
of the Alountain Plains settlement. It is not likely 
there was anywhere within a reasonalile distance 
of "Woods's Cap a regular church of any kind prior 
to the year 1740. It was about that year, or a lit- 
tle later, that I'resbyterian churches began to be 
organized throngliont the N'alley, and in the year 
1745 the tirst ste]is were taken by the iuhabitauts 
at Woods's Gap to secure the regular ministrations 
of (xospel prcaclnrs. A travelling evang(dist had 
occasionally jiassed that way, but no church had 
been organized, and no stateil |iublic religious meet- 
ings had been held. Those good people had, indeed, 
brought with them their Pibles, and Psalm books, 
and caleihisms, and a few devotional vohnnes, and 
family religion was regularly maintained, we may 
feel sure; but there was, for nmny of these years in 
the wilderness, a sad dearth of the iiublic ordi- 
nances of religion. Tt was truly a life of ]iri\'ation 
tlKise "backwdods inhabitants" were obliged to 
live; and the struggle thi-y had to maintain with 
the fiu-ces of nature in the as yet unsubdued wild- 
erness, coupled with constant exposure to Indian 


depredations, of ncccssily dulled very greatly their thai ilic lime was near wlicii lie slionld Ix' gathered 
sense of spiritual tliiugs, aud tended to make them Id liis fathers, proceeded to make his last will. 
oar(dess about jMirely religious coiu'erns. But IJoin one year liefore the riose of the reign of 
their previous training in godly honu^s in Ireland ('buries II i KiNti, he lived through the brief reign 
and Seotland could not be wholly obliterated, and of .lanies II, through the stcuiny days of AVilliam 
those Imrd conditions wilh wliicli lliey had to deal and .Mai-y, and was just thirty wlien the tirst of the 
must have often ma<le iheni feel tlieii- neeil of hel]) <!eorges ascended llu' ihrone in 1714. lie outlived 
other tlian human, so I iiat the tires on their family <ie(U'ge 1 and ( leorge II, and saw the first two 
altars, and in their hearts, never (|uile died (»nt. So years of (ieovge ill. Coming to Virginia in 1734, 
we find that, in 174.", .Tohn Woods, one of old Ihcn a man of tifly, when (leorge A\'asiiington was 
Michael's favorite sons, \\as seid to Donegal I'res- bnl an inl'anl of two years, he found Rir William 
bytery, aA\a\' uj) in Pennsylvania, to prosecute a (looclial lliehelni in the colony. Outliving ( iooch, 
call for the niinislerial ser\ices of a IJev. John he saw -Tohn Kobinson, Lord .\lbemarle, Louis liiir- 
lliudman in iM-half of (he churches of .Mountain well, Kolieil I »inw iddie, and .Tohn I'lair come and 
Plains and IJocktish. This eflorl was not sue- go, each in liis turn, as cojiuiial goxcruor. and wit- 
eessful, howev<'r, but il was renewed two years nessed also the tii-st four years of the administra- 
later. In 1747 a call, signed by tifty-seven persons, tion of (!ov. i'aiu|uier, and ( losed his life just as 
was sent on to a Kev. Samuel I'lack to become the the I'^reucli and Indian War was about at an end. 
pastor of the scattered siieep of Christ's fold at lie seems to liaxc been a farmer all his life, and, so 
^Mountain Plains au<l I \y ( 'reek. '"* This gentleman fai' as I lie w riler is informed, he does not seem ever 
accejited the call, and was llie tirst Presbyterian lo lia\e held any very inLpoi'taul otUcial ])osition, 
minister that e\-ei' residecl in .\lbeniarle county. He or lo lia\c seen service as a soldier. The records 
A\-as there by 1 7.M . and remained about twenty of A Ibemarle show that at one t inie and another he 
years, though he piobably did not ser\e the peo])le ac(piired a good deal of lauded pro]ierty; liut so far 
at Woods's Ga]» ver_\ long, as the records of Han- as can be discoxcred from his last w ill, it woidd be 
over Presbytery for 17.".") show thai a ]ietition was inferred by many lliat he had disjiosed of all but a 
then before it from the |ieo|iic of ihat seciiou ask- single trad bef(U'e writing that inslrunient. He 
ing for a jjreacher. lu .\iarch, 17.'">(>, in response to makes reference to lint a snmll amount of personal 
tliat reiinest, the famous Samuel I >a\ies sjK-ut a few property in his will, and yet this fact (hies not 
days preaching for them. He had a regular chai'ge necessarily inijily that he did not jiossess a great 
in Hanover county, and could oidy pay them a brief deal besides, which he meant should descend ac- 
visit. Put as the years passed the oi>]uu'tunities cording to the common law to his heirs. Even the 
for the stated sei-\'ices of I'egnlar ministers in- names of the heirs, to whom he desired such nunien- 
ci-eased. During I be last Ihinl of I he eighteenth tioned |)i-operty to go, were not obliged to be re- 
century the Presbytery of Hanover met in that feri-ed to. He did not need, in fact, to nudce any 
regicm of Albenuirle at least a dozen times, and by will at all, except as he wished to uuike betpiests to 
the year 18(10 the rni-al districts of that part of certain individuals in a manner different from 
Virginia were fairly well supplied with (Jospel that indicated liy the law. The probability is, how- 
privileges. Put the first (piarter of a century ever, that he had long since distributed most of his 

which the \\' Ises an<l \\'allaces s](eid in ^'ir- ]u'o|)erty. and was living with his son William at 

ginia were years of s](i ritual destitution, as well as the old home place. His will, on record at Char- 
physical hardship. lottesville, reads as follows: 

In the fall of 17(n Michael Woods, being then "In the name of (bxl. amen 1 This twenty- 
seventy-seven years old, and very ill, and realizing fourth day of November, one thousand seven him- 



dred and sixty-one, I, Michael Woods, of tlie Colony 
of Virginia, and comity of All)eniai'l(', being very 
sick and weak in hoily, hut of perfect mind and 
memory, thanks to God, therefore, calling to mind 
the mortality of my hody and knowing that it is 
ap])()inte(l t(ir all men once to die, du make and 
ordain this my last will and testament, that is to 

''Signed, scaird, |Mil.lislird mid iii-oiKMiiucd aiid 
declared |,y llicsaid .Michael Woods as his hisl will 
and tcsiaiiiciil. hi pi-csciicc of the sul.scrihcrs, 
'•.Mi(ii.\i:i, Woous. .Minor, 
".MiciiAKi. Walnace. 

"I do hy these ])resents co7is)itnte and 

:i |ipoMit 

say, princi])ally and tirst of all I give and recom- ^*'" Archibald '\\'oods, John A\'oods and Williiini 
mend my soul into the hands of Almighty God that ^^ '""•"'■ *"> '"' my sole cxcculors. as wilncss my 
gave it, and my body I recommend to the earth to '''""' ""' ■^''"'' '""^ ''"■^' 'i''<>^'*' written, 
be bui'ied in decent Christian burial, and as touch- 
ing such worldly estate wherewitli it bath ])leased 
God to jiless me in this life, I give, devise and dis- 
])ose of in the following manner and form (and 
tirst) let all my debts be paid, (secondly) I give 
and lieqneath to son Archibald A^'oods ten pounds. 
(Thirdly) 1 give and bequeath to son John AVoods 
ten pounds. I^nirthly, I give and bequeath to 
daughtei' Sarah ten ])ounds. Fifthly, I give and be- 
(|ueath to daughter Hannah ten ])ounds. Sixthly, T 
give and be(]ueath my deceased daughter ^Margar- 
et's children ten pounds. Seventhly, I give and be- 
queath to son Archil)ald and son John my 680 acres 
of land lying on Ivy Creek, and that the said land 
shall be sold and the nnuiey divided among son 
Archibald, John, and AA'illiam Wallace's families, 
and that each grandchild now in being shall have 
an e(]ual share. Eighthly, I give and be(|ueath to 
son AVilliam AA'oods twenty shillings, which shall 
be paid out of said land. Ninthly, I give to AA'il- 
liam's son Michael twenty shillings, which shall be 
paid out of said land. Tenthly, I give and be- 
queath to daughter Sarah one jiistole Avhich shall 
be of the ready money now by me. Eleventhly, I 
give and bequeath to sou Archibald's son Michael 
my great coat. And I do hereby utterly revoke and 
disallow all and every other former testanu-nts, 
wills, legacies, be(|ueatlis and executions by me in 
any ways before named, willed and lie(|ueatlied, rati- 
fying and confirming this and no other to be mv 

"MrcHAKL „,. \\-UODS, (L. S.) 
'"Michael ^^^)(n^s. .Alinor, 
"MiciiAEi. Wallace." 

The lolh.wiiij. cei-tilicate from the clerk of the 
County Court of All)emarle is appended to the will, 
as follows : 

"At a cou7-t held lor Albemarle county the 11th 
day of Jun<', ITdl', this last will and testament of 
^licbael Woods, deceased, was produc<'d in court, 
^lichael Woods, minor, and .Michael A\'allace, two 
of the devisees and legatees in the said will, re- 
lin(|uisli all lieiieHt they might claim by the said 
will, whereujion the same was jo-oved by the oaths 
of the said .Michael \^■(^ods, niinoi-, and .Michael 
AVallace, the witnesses thereto and ordered to be 
reccu'ded. .Vnd on the motion of John Woods and 
AVilliam ^Vallace, two of the executors therein 
named, made oath according lo law, certificate is 
granted I hem for obtaining a ]ii-obate in due form 
giving security, whereupon iliey, with .\rlhiir Hop- 
kins and William Cabell Gent, their securities, 
entered info and acknowledged iheii' bond accord- 

"Test. Joii.x Nh'ii()L.\s, Clk." 

( )f the funeral exei'cises held over the remains of 

Michael AA'oods we have no i-ecord. A\'e onlv know 

that his family burial-ground was situated about 

three to five hundi-ed yai'ds soufli of his dwelling, 

and Ihei-e he w:is laid to rest. His beloved wife, 

last will and testament. In w itness whereof 1 have Mary Campbell, had probably been dead .iboiit 

hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year twenty years, as her name does not ap])ear in 

above written. deeds he execuled in 174;J. In conveying to his S(m 

"Michael „j ^V(MH.s, (L. S.) AVilliam a trad of i'!)4 acres manv vears before his 


death, which included the ohl liomestead aud the satisfactory account of tlie luimeroiis hranches of 
family Imrial-iiTc mild, ^Micluu'l expressly I'eserved to Woodses claimiuii kinship with ilichael, of Blair 
himself and heirs forever the riiiht to enter and care Park. After making a pretty thorongh investiga- 
tor said hnrial-gronnd, and jirohihited any and all (ion of (he suhject, and consulting every available 
persons from cult i\ating oi- disinriiiiig tlie sanu^. In source of iiifonnal ion, he lias readied ilie ])(isiti\(' 
1895, the date at whicli llie pliolo was taken of this conrlnsion dial ^licliael of Blair I'aik liad a iiinii- 
little "God's Acre," wliicli was used in producing Iter of children in addition to the six mentioned in 
the engraving herewith given, there was a rail fence the will. That he had at least eleven children, 
around the spot, and the entire enclosure was wliicli is tive more than are named in liis will, it 
thickly set in cherry ti-ees. .Michaid's grave is still sliall now lie ours lo ]iro\e. 

visible, and is located in the extreme north-western Tn Ihe lirst jilace, a family of ten or a dozen 

corner of the itlot, hut tlie rude head and foot children in (hose brave old days was not c(uisid- 

stones which were originally set there have fallen ei'ed a specially large one. It is not unheard of 

down, and the jiortion of the stone which con- even in our own times. The writer is himself the 

tained the inscrii)tion was broken off about 1860, youngest of an even dozen children, all having the 

and its whereabouts are no longer known. The same father and mother. Certain it is that a fam- 

neglected and ragged condition of this burial- i!y of oiil\ six children was. a hundred years ago, 

ground, in which many of Ihe ^^'oodses were inter- considered a small one. 

red, is a rcju-oach to (heir descendants. Their liv- Tlu' only reason the wi-iter has ever heard any- 

ing representati\('s owe it to (lieir ancestors and to luie assign for denying that ^Michael and ^lary had 

themselves to atone for Ibis neglect by enclosing more than the six childr-en nieutioued in the will is 

that idot with a neat and substantial iron fence, (Ic mere fact that only thos(^ six are refei'red to in 

and erecting a marble shaft in honor of those yet that instrunnMit. In other words, (he only argu- 

sleeping there. If each one of (he now living meiit we Iuinc (o meet is the old one ol' nd if/iior- 

desceudanls of .Michael ^\'oo(ls would contribute (iiititini. The will names three sons and three 

one dollar, this good work could easily be accom- daughters, (o-wit : AYilliam, John and Archiliald, 

plished. Attention is called here (o (he jieculiar niid Hannah, ^[argaret and Sarah, lint was 

manner in which Michael signed bis name — he al- INfichael obliged to mention cliildren who had long 

ways wrote a small leiiei- m between .Michael and since gotten their ])ortion of his estate? If a will 

Woods, and a little below the line, as though it ]mrported to he a family history, then it would have 

were the initial of a middle name. We do not un- been strange indeed to omit any one of them ; but a 

derstand it."" will is iuteiided solely to indicate the direction the 

Before ]iroceeding to gixc some account of the testator w ishes certain jiarts of his pro]ierty to 

children of .Michael Woods aud .Mary Campbell, take, and what iiersons shall see to its distribnlion ; 

his wife, it is incumbent on us to settle how many and if he has several children f(n' whom be has 

children there were, aud what names they bore. ]irevionsly niadc^ all the ]U'ovision he cares to make. 

This is needful because most of those persons who why need he refer to them at all? The law does 

have undertaken (o write about ilichael Woods not retpiire him (o do so, and his failure so to do 

have gone upon (he snp](osition that the six chil- need not work any harm to any of his heirs. Hence 

dren mentioned by him in his will were the only he nia_\- or may not refer to them, as he thinks most 

ones he had. As so(m as (he jiresent writer began convenient. It is a notorious fact that thousands 

gathering material for this volume this question of men of jiroperty. before reaching the advanced 

confronted liim, and he saw it had to be settled in age of seventy-seven, make distribution of the bulk 

one way or another in order to be aide to give a of their estates among their several heirs, or at 




_ z 

< c 

z < 

> s 

O cu 


least give some of the children tiicii' ]»oi'ti(>iis before plements, aiid lioiisclmld goods, and silvei- plate 
making their wills, and hence ill writing their wills and jewelry, worth altogether ten tlnnisand 
have only some oi the younger children to ]irovide pounds; and it may he that he had some sjx'eial 
for. Now and then some of the children in a reasons for wanting to give the si.\ children a little 
family marry fortnnes, or hy some other means ac- moi'e than the others, and so charged his general 
quire innch larger estates than either their parcMits estate with these particular heipiests, intending 
or their brothers and sisters ever possessed, in that the residue of his ]>ro])erty, reiiiaining after 
which cases the father wonid nat nrally want to pro- satisfying these specific demands, should be e(|nally 
vide for the less fortunate ones, and might give no divided, as the common law directeil, lictween all 
part of his small estate to the wealthier children, the children. In this way the iinnanied children 
And once in a great while wc find a father who has would get all that ^lichael purposed then' should 
children, who in some way have excited his sore dis- have as certainly as if he had expressly mentioned 
pleasure and from whom he has become alienated, them by name. And in favor of this sni)position in 
In all such cases it were nothing very surj^rising to this case is the almost demonstrated fact that 
find no mention of one or more of his children in ilichael Woods was possessed of a good many items 
his will. of property to which no allusion is made in his will. 
But there is another class of cases, which are to He speaks, in the will, of "the ready money now by 
be met with everywhere now and then, in which the me," in making his devise of "one pistole" to his 
testator not only omits all reference to one or more daughter Sarah, to whom he had already given ten 
of his children, but likewise says not a word in his pounds without hinting what shape these pounds 
will concerning the larger part of his estate. lie were then in, and who knows how many hundreds, 
may own a dozen farms or city lots, and have liun- or thousands of i)ouii(ls, he may have had loaned 
dreds of bonds and other investments, worth, in the out over the county to which he makes no allusion, 
aggregate, a million dollars; and, besides a wife, and which he fully intended shcmld be divided, ac- 
he may have several children for whom he cherishes cording to law, among his various heirs? His 
the w armest natural affectiou. Such a man might, own son-in-law, Joseph Lapsley, the husband of his 
without the slightest irregularity, make a will con- daughter Sarah, above mentioned, did precisely 
sisting of a single provision only, to this effect : "I this thing in writing his will. He mentioned only 
hereby bequeath to my Avife, Mary, one hundred two of his children, Joseph, Jr., and pjohn, w hen it 
thousand dollars." What objection could anybody is known he had another son and several daughters, 
fairly make to his not mentioning his children and Samuel Dedman, of Albemarle, who died a century 
his various items of property? None at all. Such ago, and who was the writer's great-grandfather, 
a will would simply mean that he wanted his wife, made no mention, in his will, of the son who bore 
first of all, to be given the one hundred thousand his own name — Samuel Dedman, Jr., — and yet the 
dollars, and the residue of his estate to be distrib- ccmrt records show that that son was alive when 
uted to his heirs, whoever they be, according to the his father died. In view of these considerations, 
law of the State in which he resided. This sort of which we feel sure no good lawyer will set aside as 
a will can he met with in almost every State in the mere baseless reascming, we ought to dismiss from 
Union. It would not in the slightest degree imply our minds the idea that a man can not have any 
that he had no children, nor that he had only the children whom he omits to mention in his will. Of 
amount of money given to his wife. For all we course we have not \r\ proved that .Michael actu- 
kiiow, Michael Woods may have had, when he made ally had children who were not referred to in the 
his will, several plantations, and a large number of will, but we have at least, as we hope, removed 
slaves, and many horses, cattle, sheep, farming iin- some purely imaginary obstacles out of the way, 

28 THE >\OODS^r(AFl']E :\rEA[ORIAL. 

aud \v(* arc ikiw iircpjii'cd for siieli jiositive proof IJotetonrt Michael lived in the same county, and 

of the justice of tlie writer's contentions as may be parish and neighborhood as tlie otlier Michael for 

adduced. at k»ast tlilrty years. Their farms were not over 

Tlie A\ riter is of (lie o})inion that ^licliael Woods tive miles apart. From a deed now on record in 
of Blair I'ark had, in addition to the six children the conrt-honse at riunluitesv ilh . execiit( d in 1743, 
mentioned in his will, certainly four, and very we learn that Ihe Itlair ]*ark .Michael conveyed a 
proliahly live more. They are the following, to- tract of 200 acres of land to the other Michael, 
wit: 1, ^lichael, whose wife was Anne, who re- which tract Iiotetonrt Michael sold in 1773, abont 
sided for many years in Albemarle, and who late eleven years after the IMair I'ark ^lichael bad died, 
in life moved to l^otetxmrt, and there died in 1777 ; and a year or two after he himself had moved to the 
2, jNIagdalen, who married John McDowell, and county of Botetourt to reside. This Botetourt 
later, Benjamin Koi-den, Jr., and still later. Col. Michacd may have come to that neighborhood when 
John I'owyei', and who attained to an extraordin- Blair I'ark ^lichael did — as this writer is conti- 
ary age; 3, Manila, who was the wife of I'eter Wal- dent was the case — but he was certainly a near 
lace, Jr., and died in 17!)0; 4, Andrew, who mar- neighbor of Blair I'ark ^Michael from 1743 until the 
ried a Miss J'oage, aud died in 1781 ; and 5, Kich- latter died. Bight there in the nest of Woodses 
ard. Besides these tive tliere \\<'re one or two other and Wallaces this Botetourt Michael spent thirty 
AVoodses in Albemarle who were, in all i)robability, years, and possibly nearly forty years, of his life, 
either the sons or near kinsmen of .Michael, namely. What more natural than that in a frontier, back- 
James and Samuel. As the evidence to be addm-ed woods region of the colony a father and his sons 
for the correctness of our opinions is not exactly should live in the closest toudi with each other? 
the same for any two of ihe five alleged diildren, And we tind that the Botetourt ^Michael did not 
it will be best to take up each one separately. Aud leave Alliemarle till tlie other IMichaid had been 
let it be observed that if we shall be able to make dead eight or ten years. We know he did not sell 
out (mr case for any one of the tive we shall have his farm in Albemarle for several years after he 
succeeded in deniousi rat iiig the ujisoundness of the liad settled in Iiotetonrt. Thirdly, when we come 
position that mei-e non-mention of a jierson in a to examine the deed al)ove referred to, and note 
will necessarily iniiilies that he oi- she could not 1)0 who were the witnesses to it, we get another sig- 
a child of the testator. Let it be also noted that not niticant intinuition of the fact that the grantor and 
one iiarticle of objection can be offered to the grantee were i)robably father and son. There are 
theory of more than six children except the mere four witnesses to this deed of 1743, and we find 
supposed absence of proof of there having been three of them are the sons of ^lichael of Blair Park 
more. ( the very ones mentioned in his will ) , and the other 

"NA'e will begin with .Michael Woods, who, for one was his son-in-law ^^'illiam ^^'allace. If the 

convenience, is often sixiken of as ".Michael of Bote- two Michaels were father and son we can see why 

tourt," to distinguish him from ^Michael of Blair the whoh^ transaction would be exclusively a fam- 

Park. For one thing, all will surely agree that it ily affair, and all four witncss(s as close to the 

would have been a natural aud proper thing for grantee as to the grantor. J'.ut if the Botetourt 

Michael of Blair I'ark to have named one of his Michael had been only a distant relative of the other 

sons for himself; and if this man now under con- ^Midiael, or was merely a man of the same name 

sideration was not the son of the Itlair I'ark who hapi)ene(l to be living in the neighborhood, it 

Michael, then, so far as we ha\e information, the would have been more natural for the grantee to 

latter had no namesake at all among his own chil- have had at least one of the four witnesses more 

dren. Secondlv, it is absolutelv certain that this closelv connected with himself than with the 


orantor. 11 is not al all usual I'oi' iiicii in _c;('(tin_2; aiid comilv (if ( iiiociilaiKJ, raniici-, ttf ilic (inc. and 

witiiessts to iHi|)((i-tan1 Iransactiims (o have all of Micliaci Woods, .lun'r, of ihc same pai'ish and 

tlicm the sons of (he on(> ](ai'i.v and none of tlicm county, of the other |iai-l. witnesscth," etc. 

very ch)se to themselves, and that, too, when so The point we want uoted here is that in tliis cou- 

niau,y as four witnesses are secured. That would veyance ah)iie, of all the four executed in 1743, 

look like a decidedly one-sided atfair. K.xaininiug Rlair Park Michael desijjnates himself as Michael 

the court records at Charlottesville a little uiore Woods "Senior." In speaking of I lie j^rantee he 

closely for 174:5, we are struck with the fact that it desig'uates him as .Michael ".Innioi'." Tiiis grantee 

.seems to have been a year in wliich .Michael of Blair could not possildy have been on«» of the numei-ous 

Tark was bent on distributing his landed estate grandsons of old Michael bearing his name, for not 

among his children who were living close by him. one of them was then of sufficient age to take the 

In that one year we find he made conveyances of title to real estate. And in none of the instru- 

land to his son William, his son John, his sou-in- mcnts executed prior to old .MichaeTs death 

law William, and to another individual. And who in wiiicb the grandsons named .Micliaci \Voods 

was this fourth individual who constitutes are referred to, or sign their names, does the 

one of this quartet of grantees? It was none suffix "Junior" occur so far as we have lieen able 

other than this Botetourt Michael, wh(un we feel to discover. Why did Blair Park Alichael describe 

certain was just as much the son of Blair Park the other Alichael, the grantee, as "Junior?" Is 

Michael as William and John \N'oods were, and that the likely way in which he would have dis- 

nearer to him than William W'allace. In 4743 criminated a distant kinsman, or a man outside his 

Blair Park Michael was tifty-nine years old, and a family who happened to have that name and reside 

widower; \\'illiam was ju-obably about thirty-six, in (loochland? That e\]danatory ajipendix to a 

Michael of Botetourt about thirty-live, and John name is almost always the mark of sonship, and not 

thirty-one. William Wallace was probably the of mere sameness of name. If any one should ob- 

sanie age as ^\'illiam Woods. How natural and ject that had the grantee been the elder Michael's 

proper that at this time Michael of Blair Park son the relationshiji would have been recognized in 

should give his sons ea(li a good farm? It is true that deed, it may be re]died that in the deeds of 

that in each conveyance a money considei"atiou is that same year to two sons and a son-in-law there is 

mentioned, but that does not signify that a single no allusion whatever to the relationship of the 

pound actually changed hands. The sums stated parties to each other. A facsimile reproduction of 

may have been put there merely to indicate the a ])art of the deed to John Woods of 1743 is given 

value of the portion given to each as a guide in de- in Ajipc ndix V. and it will .sjieak for itself. The 

terinining, in after years, what would be an equit- reference to the grantee in this jiart of the deed is 

able arrangement for the respective heirs. the same as that in the body of ihe insirument. 

But we are not yet dime with this deed of 4743, That word •••luni(u"" is ceilainly very suggestive, 

made to .Mi(4iael of P.otetourt. A certified copy of \Vhilst admitting that il could, williout iiii]iio- 

it lies before the writer, and its preamble will now pri( ty, be applied to ihe youngei- <>( i\\<i persons in 

be cited, just as it is: "This indenture made the the same community lieaiiiig the same name, it is 

third day of August, in the seventeenth year of the but fair to contend that in neaily all cast s il is used 

reign of our Sovei-eign Loi-d (Jeorge II by the to discriminnle a son fiom bis fallier. Somemlicr 

Grace of God, of (Jreat Britain, France and Ire- exidanatory a]ipciidiN isusiinllyemploycd « lici-c ilie 

land. King Defender of the Faith, etc.. and in the persons having the same name are not father and 

year of Our Lord Christ ^MDCOXLIII., between son. In the ^^■oods family in .\lbemarle there were 

Michael Woods, Sr., of the parish of Saint James several individuals named William, but those not 


ri'liitcd ;is fallici' ;iii(l son were (lIsorimiDated as II was ilic writci-'s ^ood fortune, sovoral years 

"]}eav('i- Creek Itillv ^\■(((Hls,■■ and "I'aptist Billy aj^o, to get into conniuniieation w illi .Major J. A. R. 

Woods." Ill llie case in liand, if tlie younger ^'nrner, of Lexinjiton, ^'iI'o■inia, wlio has been dead 

Michael had nol been the elder ^liehael's son he since the fall of ISU."). Tliis gentleniuu was hiniseif 

would most jtrohaldy liave been called "Ivy Creek a descendant of ^lichael Woods of Blair Park, 

Michael," after llie stream on wliose headwaters his ilii-oiigli liis dniiglilei- Martlia, who was the wife of 

farm lay. or by some other distinctive title. I'eter AN'allace, dr., and lie made a great deal of 

There is something suggestive also in the preva- research in tlie records of courts and families in 
lence of certain Cliristian immes to be f(mnd in the Rockbridge county, N'irgiiua, ami learned a great 
families of these two Michaels, respectively. In deal aliout the Woodses and AVallaces, many of 
those old days the descendants (d' the Scottish whom were citizens of that county from 1734 on- 
Highlauders were exceedingly dannisli. and a ward. .Major N'arner was a man of high character, 
man was far more likely then than now to adhere well educated, ami very intelligent. The present 
to the family names in miming iiis children. Blood wfiter has now in his possession three letters writ- 
relatiouship ccmnted tor mttch, and the old clan ten by Major Varner not long before his death, 
feeling was strong. The man who attempts to and from these letters liberal quotations will be 
ctmut and proi)erly locate all the .Michaels and made. Several of his statements concerning both 
Johns ami Saminds and Williams in the Woods Wallaces and W'ockIscs will here be given which 
families from 1700 to ISdO will soon tind himself may seem at tirst glance to be not entirely relevant 
hopelessly confused. On examining the names of to the ])articular point now under consideration, 
the children of these two .Michaels we hud we have hut which will later on be seen to bear directly on 
in each family a William, a .Magdalen, a Sarah, it. Cnder date of .Inly iM, 1893, :\lajor Varner 
a Martha, and a .Margaret. If we could but know writes as follows: ".Martha Woods, wife of Peter 
the names of all the little children that probably Wallace, was the daughter of Michael Woods, of 
came into thos<' two homes to abide only a few .VIbemarle, and the mother of the said Peter Wal- 
years and pass away, we should doubtless be able |;i,-,. was Elizabeth Woods, a sister of the afiuvsaid 
to illustrate the persistemy of family names yet .Michael ^\'oods. I'eter Wallace ami his wife, 
more strikingly. Christian mimes were not so e.x- Martha Woods, were lirst cousins. * * * Peter 
ceedingly scarce in those days that each of these Wallace, Sr., father of the I'eter Wallace, Jr., men- 
two men must needs employ the same ones for at fioned, is said to have been a Highland Scotchman, 
least five of their children, respectividy. It cer- but he emigrated to the Province of Ulster and died 
taiiily does look as if these two .Michaels were not ihere. It is said by some that he came over with 
merely near of kin, but father and son. his family to I'ennsyhania and died in that ])rov- 

But we now come to deal with something more ince. ]|is wife was named Elizabeth ^^'oods, and 

reliable and convincing than even the strong cir- she was a sister of .Michael ^Voods of Blair I'ark. 

cumstantial evidence we have been considering. it is not known how many children were 

There is unimpeacliable testimony of persons who born to I'eter Wallace and his wife lOIizabeth 

Avere not only in the highest degree trustworthy. Woods, but it is known beyond a leasou- 

and thoroughly cajiable of judging as to the value able ibmbt that five of their sons — five broth- 

and meaning (d' well-established family ti'adilions, ers — came from Pennsylvania between 1734 

but who through a long course of years were in a and 1740 to their uncle Michael Woods's 

position to learn the trtith, and who had no motive home at Blair I'ark in one of the gaps in the Blue 

imaginable f(U' making false statements concerning IJidge, in what is now known as Albemarle county, 

this question. Virginia. The names of these five Wallace broth- 


ers \\('r<': I'rlcr, \\illi;nii, Ad.nii. Saiiiiicl and honest lnll<. 'I'licii- Inilin- was a man of iiilclli- 
Aiidvt'W'. 'I'In-cc of tlu'sc lirollicrs iiiai-i-icd tlicir jiciicc; I know he wi-oica i^ood liand and an excel- 
first cousins, daiiiiliters of tlit'ir uucle, Michael lent letter; he was sixteen years (dd when his ;L;rand- 

W Is. Peter \\allace married iMartha AVoods; mother .Mariha lAVoods) Wallace di(Ml. and teu 

William manied 1 lannah \\'oods ; Andrew married when his jiruudfalher Peler Wallace died. Mrs. 
Afargai-et ^^'oods.* * * Sanuud Wallace, one of Onld and Mrs. Cuniminns were yoinifi' ladies 
the five brothers, married Esther I>akei',of Charlotte twciity-fonr and eighteen years old, i-espectividy, 
county, ^'iriiinia, ami was the father of Judge Caleb when .Mt-s. ^lagdaleu Camjdiell died. Mrs. Camii- 
^^'allace, of the Sni»reme Court of Keutucky. 1 bell was iidimalely known to botii <>{' iheni — one 
have so fai- been iiuable to get any iuforuiatiou of of them was named for her. .Mrs. Campbell was 
Adam "Wallaci' tu- his jiossible descendauts. It is born in 17r).j and died in LS30; she was a uiarried 
thought by some who have written on the subject wtmian when Peter and Martha Wallace died, and 
that the author of that ]»o]inlar n(i\( 1, "lien llur," she never visited a house that she did not recount 
is descended from Andrew Wallace and his wife the deeds and the death of the Wallace [{evolution- 
Margaret "NA'oods. In fact General Wallace, in a ar.\ scddier brothers. She was a young lady when 
letter about the old sword, wrote ine that such was they went to the wars. It would seem strange, 
his belief, he being descended from an Andrew after all that has been stated, w ith such favorable 
Wallace. * * * | ^ni fully satisfied that opportunities for acquiring family history, that 
.Michael Woods, of IJotetourt, was a brother of Mrs. Onld and Mrs. Cummings did not know all 
^lartha \\'oods, wife of Peter Wallace, and that he about their fathi-r's peoi)le. 

was a son of .Michael AV(H)ds, who died in 1T<>2, and "Two or three years ago I wrote to Mrs. Cum- 

I am also fully satisfied that Magdalen Woods, who mings, of Indiaua,for information in regard to fam- 

marriid .McDowell — Tlorden — Bowyer, was Ixitli ily history, for reply to a letter fi-om a 'listant rela- 

the daughter of .Michael A\'oo(ls, of .Vlbemarle, and tive in Kentucky. Umler date of August 20, 1S90, 

sister of Michael AA'oods of Botetourt. she wrote me; and from her letter I take the fol- 

".Vnd now for my reas(uis for the abo\'e state- lowing extracts: 
ments: My mother's uncle, .Tames 'Wallace — "'Our gr<'at-grandmother was named .Martha 

brother of .Vndrew ^^'allace, her father — was born A\'oods. She had six sous and three daughters — 

in 1774 and died in 1846. He left a widow and a IMalccuid), Samuel, James, Adam, Andrew, John, 

large family of children, among the latter, two Elizabeth, Janet and Susannah.* * * Our 

daughters, Mrs. Elizabeth ^^'allace Onld, of Camp- great-grandmother had two sisters, they all lived 

bell county, Virginia (born in 1S0()|, and ^Irs. on adjoining farms near Lexington — ^Magdalen and 

.Magdalen Cam])bell \\'allace Cummings t born in Sarah. Magdalen nmrried ( I'.owyer and 

1811* ), wife of Kev. Parry Cummings, a .Methodist Sarah married Josejih Lapsley. Your mother 

minister of the State of Indiana. P.otli of these (Sarah Lapsley Wallace) and sister Sally were 

ladies are now dead, having reached the ages of nanu'd for her. * * * Old aunt ^fagdalen 

eighty-seven and eighty-one, respectively. They Campbell, as all us children who were kin to her 

were both very intelligent wouu*n, had wonderfid called her, was a niece of great-grandmother.' 
iiiem(n-ies, and were in ])ossession of their mental "The above extracts, I think, are conclusive, and 

faciill ies to (he last. .Vt the death of their parents prove e^•erytlling : 1. .Michael AN'oods, in his will, 

bolli had reached middle life, and that time of life mentions his daughter Sarah (Lapsley); 2. .Mrs. 

when ]K'ople of respectable parentage; and intelli- Cunuuings says that Sarah Lapsley was a sister 

gence take great interest in matters genealogical, of ^lagdalen ^IcDowell — Borden — Bowyer, and 

especially when they know they come from good, Martha A\'allace; and 3, that Mrs. Magdalen 




( ';iiii|ilicll, w l:o w ;is llic (Iniiiilitcv (if .M icli;icM\ Odds niiciciil W (mmIscs anil Wallaces, with tlic view of | 

of r>(iicioiirl. was a nicrc of .Mi-s. .Martha W'alhicc, i^al hci-iiiL; iiifonnat ion for this woric. | 

(. r..ihal she was licr lir(!l hcr's chilli ami (laughter." It ina\ not he amiss to iiicntion lici-c. also, tlic I 

it would scciii idle lo seek for fm-tlicr ])roof ojiinioiis and con\ict ions of the late 11. 1'. ( 'ocliran, 
than the h'lters just i|noted from contain. Tliev of ( 'harlot lesville, \'irt;inia. ( "onceniiuL;' this fi'en- 
iiol only make it plain (hat .Michael \\'oods of tleman. the late .Major N'anier, mentioned and 
Botetourt was one of the children of [Michael ((noted from on the fore<ioin!i' passes of this volume, 
of Blair Park, Imt that .Majj;(lalen, who married wrote lo the |(resent writer May iT), ISito. It ap- 
^I(l>owcll. and .Martha, who married I'eter ^\'al- pearsthal .Mr. Coih ran and t he late Judge ^Villiam 
lace, Jr., were likewise. Thus it seems to have .McLaunhlin. of Lexington, N'ii'iiinia. had both l)eeu 
beeu settled that old .Michael of Blair I'ark had at niakiug iuvestigatious relative to the (pu'stiou uow 
least three children who are Hot uamed in liis will — under consideration, and after considerable re- 
ilichael, di'., .Magdalen, and ]^Iartha ; and having search they had both reached the conidusion that 
established this fai-t, an effectual breach has been .Michael Woods of Blair I'ark had a nundier of ehil- 
made in that line (d' reasoning which ludd dren ^\ ho were not refen-ed to in his w ill. lu a let- 
that he had no children but the si.K expressly ter dated .March 1, IS'.li', .Mr. Cochran wrote Judge 
referred to in that instrument. When the writer McLaughlin as follows: "1 thank _\du for your 
became thoroughly satisfied of the soundness of the favor oi' :21st ulto., with enclosure. I think you are 
evidence adduced by ^hijor Varner he wrote him to correct in what you say in regard to .Magdalene 
express his satisfaction. In reply to his letter AVoods and her sisters. I believe ^lichael Woods, 
Major \'arner wi-ole back, under date of ^lay 2-"), Senior, had iliice daughtei-s to mai-ry Wallaces. 

1895, as follows : "i assure you 1 am glad to know .Michael W Is, Senior's, wife was named 3Iary 

that \()U are now fully conx'inced that the two ('amplxdl, and it is remarkable how often in all 

Michael ^^"oodses were father and son. I never the wills of his sons, sons-in law and grandsons 

entei-tained a doubt of that relationship from the which I have been able to come across, we find the 

time the matter was first brought lo my attention, family names, \\'illiam, .Michael, Hannah, Sarah, 

and I had investigated the question." ete. 

'I'his was the con\iction, also, of the late .Mich- "1 ha\"<' gotten .Mr. Woods to confess that 
ael Woods Wallace, who died at a ripe old age some Michael Woods i>\' r.otetouri and .Magdalene Woods 
A'ears ago in Albenuirle county, N'irginia. This were brother and sister. There is no doubt in my 
gentleman was a descendant (d' .Miclnud \\'oods <>( nnnd as to Micluud id' I'lotetonrt being son of 
Blair I'ark, through his daughter Hannah, who .Michael of Albenmrle. I still think Bicliard 
married AVilliam Wallace. He was an elder in the Woods, of Augusta, sheriff i-ircn \~'u. was Mag- 
Presbyterian church, and spent his life, as the dalene's brother. Tl nly evidence, however, 

writer understands, within three nnles of the old which I ha\"e is the name, that he was guardian 
Blair Park hmnestead. He was a man of great in- for Samuel .McI )owell, and Samuel .Mi I )ow ell was 
telligence and high character, and could have no securit_\- on his sherilf's bond. I ho])e yet to hap- 
niot ive for attributing to his ancestor any children jien on further evidence. The above mentioned 
he did not really have. He informed (ieneral I'ichard had a son-in-law of the sanu' name, as 1 
ilicajah Woods, of Charlottesville, that he was found out from a deed in Augusta county clerk's 
satislied .Michael of liotetourt was a son of Pdair office. I can not lind the name Martha and Mag- 
Park .Michael. It was the privilege of the writer dalene among any of the grandchildren of Michael 
to call on .Mr, Wallace at his home near P.Iair Park ^^'oods, Senior, except in one case each, namely: 
in 18113, and to converse with him concerning the ilartha Borden, and ^lagdalene ("Woods) Camp- 


hell, (lausi'litcr of .Micliacl W'dods of r.Dlctoiirt. same iiainrs as live n\' ilic cliildi-cn ol" .Mii-liai'l 

.May not -Micliacl, ;\[arllia anil .Magdalene liavc been >\'()(>(ls, of Alhcinaili'. 

Ilic oldest cliilili-cn anil (lie tii'sl to iiiaia-v and move "1 \>'ill add lirrr in addiiion to a stalcnicnt 

away? 1 enclose you sonic n in us. in ]irnril. wliidi heretofore made, lowil : Thai .Magdalene Woods" 

may jjrohahly interest yoii. three dan^hlers, Sarah .Mel >o\\cll, Martha IJorden, 

"Yonrs very truly, and Hannah Borden hail the same Christian names 

"H. P. Cochran." as those of the daughters of .Michael Woods, of 

".Miehael ^^■ ls"s will, dated Nov. 24, 1701, All.emarle. 

]n-o\ed -Tune, IKiL'. He mentions in his will his "I am satislied that .Miehael Woods, of .\lhe- 

sons Archibald, ^^'illiam, and Jolni ; his daughters niai-le, who died in ITtiJ, had ai least ilie following 

Sarah, TTannah ; his son-in law ^^■illiam "Wallace; children: 

his deceased daughter ^fargarefs children; his ".Vrchibald \\'oods, \\ho married Isabella 

grandson ^Michael, son of \\'illiam; and his grand- ; Michael Woods, who married .Vnne ; 

son ^fichael, son of .\rihibald. lO.xecutors: Arclii- John Woods, who married Susannah .Vnderson ; 

bald A\oods, John A\oods. and M'illiam Wallace. William Woods, who married ; Magdalene 

A\'itnesses: .Michael Woods, minor, and .Michael ^^■oods, who married .McHowell — Ilorden — Uow- 

\\'allace. yer; Sarah Woods, who m.n-ried Jose])h Lapsley; 

"Did ^lichael Woods have other children than Hannah ^\()ods. who married William Wallace; 

those mentioned iu his will? Mai-garel Woods, who married Andrew A\'allace; 

"I think he had several nioi-e, viz. : .Michael, and Martha W Is, who married Peter Wallace. | Jr.]. 

probably Audi-ew ami Richard, .Magdalene and As to ;Margaret, whom I put down as having mar- 

.Alartha. ried Andrew Wallace, I have iliis to say: In 1748 

'"It appears from the records of (ioochland ^Michael AN'oods conveyed to .\mlrew Wallace 400 
county that Michael Woods, Senior, had large acres of land, l'(((l acres of which was in way of 
landed possessions on Ivy Creek and Mechum's dowry with his daughter. In 17(>2 ^largaret was 
river — one tract will Ix' [larticularly noticed — 2,000 dead. 1 have come across a will of one Andrew 
acres from Charles Hudson by deed dated June 10, Wallace, who died iu 17S."), mentioning in his will 
17:>7. In 174:> .Michael ^Voods deeded a tract of his children .Michael, Samuel, IClizaiieth. Rusco, 
laud to John A\'ooils: one to .\rcliibalil \Vooils;om> ^lary Henderson, Hannah Wallace, Susannah Col- 
to William Woods. In 1 74:> .Michael "Woods, Sr., lius, .Margaret "NA'allace, Jean Wilson (in two other 
conveyed to Michael ^Voolls, Jr., both of Albeumrle, places Wallace). This .\nilrew uniy have been the 
200 acres of land, being i)art of 2,000 acres con- son of the .\udrew who married ^largaret \\'oods. 
xr\vt\ ])\ Charles Hudson to Michael AYoods, Sr., he may ha\c been nmrried a second tiuu'. or he 
[by deed of June 10, 1737], and in 177o .Michael may lunc been mariied long before 174S." 
"Woods, [Jr.], of .\lliemarle, and .\une, his wife, Concei-niug the .Mr. Cochran, the author of the 
con\eyed to Thomas P.ird. of Caroline, 2(t() acres, a abo\-e (|uoted letter, .M.-ijor N'arner has this to say 
part of 2.000 acres granted to Charles Hudson by in his communication lo the writer in .May, 1895, 
liatent dated July 24, 17.'>r). This, T think, shows above referred to: ■'The writer of the letter to 
that Michael Woods, of Albenuirle, had a sou Judge .McLanghlin. i he lale I low e Peyton ( 'oihrau 
^Michael. The wife of :Michael Woods of Botetourt (I think that was his full name), who was a mem- 
was named .\nue. P.esides this we tind from the her of the 'ancient and honorable clan of Woods- 
will of ^lichael W Is of I'otetourt that he had men," was a lawyer, a man of ability, of high 

tive ehildren, to-wit: William, .Magdalene Camp- character and unspotted reputation."' The o]iiu- 

hell, .Martha, Sarah and .Margaret, who had the ions of smli a man as Mr. Cocliran, who was him- 


self a (IcsciMidaiil of .Midiacl Woods of IJlair Park, lirst of all, llial nol one iiarticic of evidence adverse 
and \\lio j;ave the (pieslion now under eousidera- to his claiin lias exci- hrcu \>[\t forward, so far as we 
tion a ver\- careful in\csti!iatiou, wcmld, of tliem- lia\'e e\cr been aide lo learn. There is ahsolntely 
selves, almost settle the matter in a case like this nothing ai;ainst his claim but the hare fact that the 
in which there is not one particle of adverse testi- w\\\ does not mention his name. If his claim shall 
mouy; but when taken in connection with nnuh be snbsiani iaied, as we feel reasonably confident it 
strong circumstantial evidence, the positive asser- will, that would only make .Michael \\'oods of IJlair 
tions of 'Sirs. Ould and Mrs. Cummiuiis, and the I'ark to have had ten children; and all will con- 
concurrent o|)inions of various jiersons of lii^li in- cede that e\cu a dozen children was nothinii at all 
tellio'ence and reliability, they seem to render nncomniou in that ]ieriod — it is nothins;' very re- 
further argument useless. That Michael Woods niarkable even in our own time, 
of Blair Park had a num))er of sons and daughters In the next i)lace, we find two gentlenu'u of high 
whom he did not mention in his last will would character and intelligence who, after very careful 
seem to have been ])roven beyond all reasonable investigation of the whole subject, have reached the 
doubt ; and unless some one shall hereafter be able conclusion that Andrew ^Voods was a son of 
to produce s(Mne very convincing proof to the con- .Michael (tf I'.lair Park. These gentlemen are the 
trarv, it would seem to be but just that the couten- late II. 1'. Cochran, whose letter to Judge jMc- 
tion of Major Varner, .Mr. .Micluud W. Wallace, Laughlin is given on a preceding ])age; and the 
Mr. II. P. Cochran, the in-esent writer, and various Pev. Ivlgar Wooils, of Charlottesville, Virginia, 
other persons Avho could be mentioned, has been .Mr. Cochran, as (pioted above, says : "lUd .Michael 
fully established, certainly so far, at least, as con- Woods have other children than those mentioned 
cerns ;\lichael Woods, di-., .Magdalen Woods, and in his will? I think he had several more, viz.: 
Martha Woods. Michael, an<l probably, Andrew," etc. Let it be 
The three pei-sons just mentioned, however, are borne in mind that this is the ojiiniiui of a desceud- 
uot the only ones not icferred to in the last will of ant of .Michael \\'oo(ls of P>lair Park, a very intel- 
Michael of lllair Park who aic, with good ligeut and trustworthy gentleman, who was an.\i- 
reason, believed to ha\c l>een his children. The ions lo know the truth, and who, so far as ajijiears, 
like claim is made for at least two more sons, could nol haNc had the remotest interest in misstat- 
namely : .Vudrcw Woods and Kichard Woods. The ing llie relati(Uishi]i of Andrew to .Michael \\'oods. 
cases of the three children we have just consid- The Hew ICdgar Woods, alio\'e mentioned, is a 
ered were so intinuitely related to each other that lineal descendant of Andrew U'oods. and he prob- 
the arguments adduced for any one of them l)eing a ably knows more of the history ami i-onneclions of 
child of old Michael of Blair I'ark luu'e with more the Virginia ^^'oodses than any man living. He 
or less force upon the cases of the other two. It is has spent, jjrobably, more time searching the court 
somewhat otherw ise as res])ects .Vndi-ew and Rich- I'ccords for items about the family, and cori'espcuid- 
ard Woods. Now that it has been |(ro\'en that the iug with the scattered descendants of ihe \irginia 
mere failure of .Michael's will to mention Individ- ^^'oodses, than any other person of this geiieraiion. 
iials does not in the slightest degree militate He is known to be a conscientious and imj)artia! 
against their claim to be his children, we may feel man, of judicial temperament, and one who meas- 
the more confident that any reasonable evideuce ures his words with care, lie is the author of a 
which can be presented in behalf of .Vndrew and booklet giving the names and genealogical connec- 
Eichard will at once command full and uupreju- tions of hundreds of the ^^'oodses, and of a history 
diced consideration. of the county *>( .\lbemarle, containing much re- 
Concerning Andrew Woods it nuiy be affirmed, liable information in regard to all the \\'oodses in 


Vii'iiiiiia and iiiniiy otlu'V States. It is iiol liclicvcd wlicii llir fallicr, as in iliis case, is a niaii of ini- 

tliat I »!'. W'odds coulil rca]) tiic siinhlcsl ad\aiitagt', ])nrlaiirc and ruiisidci-aldc cslalc. So far as llio 

jK'ciiniarv or otlici-wis!', from liaviiij; pnncd llial i-ccords no it appears I lial noi one of old .Miejiael's 

Andrew N\'oods was a son of ^Mieliael of I'dair Park, sons removed fi-oni .Mliemarle durinu their father's 

And vel this geiitleniaii, after nuu-h \veii;liing of lifetime. .Tolm ii\cd all his life tliere; Andrew did 

all the facts at his eumniand, lias reached the con- not move, as we have seen, llll JKi."), or IKiii; .Micii- 

cliision tliat, beyond reasonable doidii, Andrew was ael, -Ir., went about 1770; .\rcjiibald aud William 

a son <d .Michael of I'dair Park. left about 1771. If .\ndre\\ was not a son of old 

In the case of Andrew >\'oo(ls. as in that of Michael lie cei-laiiily had a way of ad inn' woiider- 

^lichael ^^■oods, Jr., there is the sii^uiticant fact fully like a son. 

that for inany years of his life he made his home Then, when we come to consider the ])articular 
■within a \<'ry few miles of Michael, his alleii'ed re<>ion in which the four se\-eral sons of old .Mich- 
father. It is certainly known from the Albemarle ael chose homes on leavint^ Albemarle, we find them 
county records that from the year 1750 to 17(i() — a doiu,i>- about what one would expect full brothers 
]ierio(l of sixteen years — .Vndrew ^\■oo(ls resided to do. A\'e not only lind all four gettinji' away from 
within three miles of the I'dair Park homestead, Albemarle after Iheir ]iarents had dieil, but we see 
nearer to .Michael than any other of his children, them settling near to each oilier. First, Andrew, 
with ]M'rhaps a single exeeptiou. His farm was in Mi'ut (then a man of about forty-five yeai's of 
within sight of wliat is now (ireenwood Station, on agei, goes down across the James river into what 
the ('liesa])eake ^; Ohio 1{. K., just south of the old was, a few years later, llotetourt county, aud 
brick mansioii long owned by Michael Wallace, pitches his tent, so to sjieak, nine miles south of the 
who was a grandson of Michael ^^'oods of Blair site of the jiresent town of r.uchanan. Then, only 
I'ark. This fact, it is conceded, would not, of it- a few years thereafter, Michael, Jr., i)ulls nji his 
self, settle this (pu'stion, but it is highly signiticaut; stakes and locates right on the south bank of the 
and, takeu in connection with other kuowu circum- James, iu Botetourt county, about live miles uorth- 
stances of the case, goes a long way towards a cou- east of Buchanan, or alxmt twelve miles, on au air- 
clusi\(' demonstration, ileu do not choose a home line, from Andi-ew. About the same time Archi- 
uext dooi- to other jieojile merely because they hap- bald ( 1771 i buys a farm from the McAfees dow'll 
])en to bear (he same name. .Michael Woods had a on ("atawba ("reek, about twenty miles south-west 
number of known sons and sons-in-law living of Andrew's ]ilace. ^^'illiam. we know, was iu 
aroniid him in that community, and there was this 1773 living somewhere in that regiou. Thus we see 
man AndrewWoods li\ing closer to his plantal ion two sous Avhoin ^Michael mentioned in his will 
than almost any of them. We insist that this is a ( ^\'illiam and .\rcliibald I, and two whom he omit- 
very significant fact, though not necessarily cou- ted to mention ( .Michael, Jr., and .Vndrew), whilst 
cliisi\('. yielding (o the adventurous spirit which ]iromj)ts 

'i'heii, again, it is worth noting that .Vndrew sturily men to seek new homes in a frontier jiort ion 

Woods did not remove from .Vlbemarle county of the country, managing to keep within a few 

until some time after old Michael had passed away, hours' ride of each other by choosing locations near 

Jlichael (lied in 17liJ and .Vndri'w remo\'ed to together. If .Vndri-w ami .Michael, Jr., had not 

Botetourt county in 17G.") or 17(i(!. Of course the been brothers to .\rchibald and William, as well as 

sons in a family often move to a distance before the brothers to each other, we would have expected to 

ilealh of ihe father, but this is not the rule. The lind al least one |iair of brothers going farther 

sons generally remain within reasonable distance down into Southwestern \'irginia, which was be- 

of the head of the family till he is dead, especially ginning to settle up rapidly by 1770. and which 


presented iiiaii_\ indiiceniciils to men i>f enterprise, tliins^'s wliicli n son of Unit worlhv nid gentleman 

Fnrtlierniore, wlicn we in(iiiii-e as to the names \\'()nl(l lie expected lo do. 

Andrew ^\■(l(lds lijivc to liis cliildvcn lliere is a very But ^\'e Innc yd one or two additional reasons 

strong snggestion of his close kinship to old ilieli- to jiresent in snp])orl <>{' our eontenlion. and they 

ael. It is regarded as cei-tain tliat Andrew had sev- arc not mi'r(> coincidences oi' of tlie iialni'e of oir- 

eral cliildren wliose names are not known to us. cumslantial e\ i(hMicc. Init rcliahle family tradition 

and did anc hnt know all of llicir names, we might — testimony oi' a kind wliich nsnally convinces the 

he able lo maice ont a stronger case than is now avei-age fairiiiin<lcd |ierson. Professor A. A\'. \\'il- 

jiossihle. SI ill. Ilie names actnall,\' known to ns are liamson, of IJock Island, Illinois, is a descendant 

very signilicanl. I'or instance, Andrew named one of Andrew ^^'oods, and a gentleman of inlelligence 

of his sons Archibald, which was (he name of tliar and high characler, whose statenn-nts are entitled 

son of old Alichael who was mentioned in his to great weight. Tins gentleman has ( or recently 

father's will, ami who mo\cd down to Catawha had I an annt ninety-odd years of age, who was per- 

Creek aboni 1771, a day's journey to the sonth-w<'st fectly familiar w itii the history of her family. She 

of Andrew's last home. One of his danghters bore was born \-cry early in the last century, ])robably 

the name <i\' .Mariha, as did one (d' the daughters in lSO."i. This lady dislinctly recalled the fact that 

of each of the .Michaels. \\r know that ^licliae] of it was well understood in the family lliat Andrew 

Blair I'ark had a sister named Elizabeth, who mar AV(tods, whose home was for years in Botetourt 

ried Peter Wallace, Sr. Thr >f her sons married county, Virginia, nine miles south of the town of 

daughters of her brother .Michael, and one of her I'.nchanau, had an own brother living near him. It 

daughters married .Michael's eldest son. She lived '^ -^ f'X'*^ that .Michael \\'oods, .Jr., whom we have 

over in the (ireat Valley, near where the town of l"-"ve<l (o be a son of the Blair Bark .Michael, lived 

Lexington now stands— less than two days' ride on *'"'' ^"""' X*'ars only fifteen miles from Andrew, and 

horseback from lUair Park— and iIh- interconrs.^ Ar.hibal.l Woods lived twenty miles from him. 

between ih.^ families of .Micha.d and Eli/.abeth was -^■"' '''■ '^"""- "f "" """■'■ l'"'''^"" '" ='1' "'='" '■'■"'"" 

very intimate. Now Andrew Woods named one of =""'''* l"'i-i'"l ' IT'ir. to 1 7Sl , . besi.les .Michael 

, . . , ,,,. 1,11 ,• 1 ■ ii J. ^^'oods, Ji'., and .\rcliibald ^^'oods, who can lairlv 
his girls I'dizabclh — in honor (d his woi'tliy aunt, 

,, , ,. , ,. . „„ , be rei^arded as meetini' the re(niirements of the 
as we can liardl\- keep trom bclie\iiig. 1 hen An- 

case. In line with this fact is the festimonv of an- 
drew named a dauiihter .Marw ami was not that the 

other lad\-, ^Irs. Siiidow, who is also a descendant 
verv imnie of his dear old Scotch mother, the wife 

of .\ndrew A\'oods. ^Irs. Snidow resides at Pem- 

(d' old .Michael? Some iiia\' sa\' all t hese lit tie mat- , , ., ^^, ^^. . . -, , 

broke, dues county, \\ est \ ir-ginia, and she com- 

ters are onh coincidences; bnt there must not be • ^ t ^ x, ,-. ,. , ,,- i ,. , „ > ^, 

mnincated to the Kev. I.dgar W oods, ot ( harlottes- 

too man\' strikiiiii' <-oinci(leiices, lest tliev come to .,, ,....,,.,. ,. , , . , 

\ille. \ irginia, the iiiformalion about to be gncn. 

c.mstitnte that circumstantial evidence which now ^[,.^ ^,,i,^„^^. , ^^.,„,^,. ,,,^,i,|,.„ j^^,,,,,. ^^.^,^ Walk.T), 

and then avails with courts and juries to secure .li^fj.ictly r..called a journey slu- mad.' in IS.-.C. with 

verdicts (d' tlm most momentous kind. In oth.n- ,„.j. f.,^,„.j._ ^[,. ,,,,,„.^. \Valker, thr<.ugh the region 

words, coincidences, when they become too numer- ,.o„tiguous to Talawba Cwi'k in what are now the 

ous and striking in a particular rase, only prove ,.nunties of Botetourt and Koanoke. They spent 

themselves to be uo accidents at all but the natural n,,. „j„i,t with .Tose]ih Woods on Catawba Creek, 

and intwitable accompaniments (d' actual fact. If This .Fosejih AVoods, long since deceased, was a son 

Andrew A\'oods was not, in deed and truth, a son <if of Archibald A\'oods, one of the children of .Mich- 

Miohael of I'd.iir Park, he certainly has displayed aid of Blair Park referred to in his will. .Mr. 

a most abnormal ajitilnde for d.dng exactly the AValker's mother was a daughter of Andrew 


^\'((l)(ls, iuid -Tdscjth «;is a s(ni of Arcliihakl. And, oliildi'cn wliom lie cxiircsslv naiiicil in liis last \\ill. 

of coiusc, if Aiidicw and Aicliiliald were lirotU- Tlic onl_\- rciiiainiiiii- jicrson lo lie considered as 

ers tlieii" childi-en wonid lie first cousins to eacli heinji' one of I lie iliilih en of Michael of lUair Park, 

other. Mrs. Snidow says she remembers that in tliouiih not referred to in liis will, is one Kiehard 

all their conversations t(ti>ether they addressed ANOods, wlio was once tlie sheriff of Augusta county, 

each other always as "cousin." Tlie impression ^'iri^■inia. W'liilst we liave not the same annmnt 

made n])on .Mrs. Snidow, then a yonn^i' woman or kind of evidence in sujijiort of his claim that we 

past thirty years of aiic, was that her ureat-iiraml- ha\'e adduced in the case of several otlier individ- 

father, Andicw Woods, ^\•as the hrothei- of Archi- uals, then' is enoui^h to warrant us in helievini;' 

liald Woods. Tliere does not seem ever to have that he was prol)ahly a son of Blair Park ^lichael. 

been any doubt of tliis in Mrs. Snidow's mind. For him, as for the others, it can be affirmed that 

That an intelligent lady above thirty years old no adverse testimony has lieen offered, so far as we 

could sit and listen to the conversations between have heard. The only tliinji unfavorable to his 

her father and Josepli Woods, and then be all her claim is the silence of the will respectini;- him; 

life in utter iiiuoi-ance of the rclationslii]( e.xistins and this, as we ha\c seen, is a kind of evidence 

between these two men seems incredible. The fact which yields to almost any positive proof what- 

tliat she was at a distance from her own home, and ever. 

on a visit to hei' father's "cousin .Tose]>h," renders The Major .1. A. K. N'arner, late of Lexington, 
it far more likely that she would clearly under- Virginia, from whose letters cof)ious quotations 
stand exactly what kin she was to Joseph Woods's have alrea<ly been made, has this to say about Rich- 
family than if she had simjdy oNcrheard a discus- ard ^^■oods, writing under date of August 10, 1893, 
sion in hei- own home about kinfolks at a distance, to-wit: "That Richard Woods was a son of old 
Tlie very purpose to visit the distant home of a Michael Woods of Albenmi-le I verily believe — 
blood relation would sha)'i»en all her thoughts everything that I can hear or tind of him goes to 
about that family; and as they drew near to the prove this as certain. The farm of Richard Woods 
home of Joseph Woods, and finally wciv ushered adjoim-d the plantations of (leneral Bowyer [the 
into his house ami welcomed to its hospitality, and third husband of Magdalen Woods], and I'eter Wal- 
the usual salutations were exchanged, and the con- lace [the husband of Martha Woods] ; the farm of 
versa! ion turned upon the (luestion of kinship, she Joseph Lapsley [the husband of Sarah Woods], 
would have had to be one of the most stupid of adjoined that of General Bowyer. Here we have 
listeners not to have understood the situation fully, a little colony consisting of a brother and three 
The impressions she received at that home in 1836, sisters almost in sight of each otlu'r. The will of 
which have lingered in her memory through life, Richard A\'oods is dated June -. 1777; he died sev- 
and which she communicated to Dr. Edgar Woods eral years later and was well-to-do, having a good 
about ten years ago, constitute the most valuable farm, negroes and a couple of thousand i)ounds in 
of all items of family history next to written doc- Virginia money (|3.33 1-3 x 2,00(1), to give, de- 
uments, and to deny their accuracy is to be un- vise and bequeath to his wife Jenny (Janet or 
reasoiuible, and to cast doubts upon the larger part Jean ), and his sons Benjamin and Samuel. Samuel 
of all the family records now in existence in the is named as executor in the will. When he quali- 
wiu'ld. The conclusion, therefoi-e, seems irre- tied, Oeneral r.owyer, his uncle by marriage, and 
sistible that the Andrew \\'o(m1s who lived in Albe- Colonel Samuel Wallace, his tii'sl cousin, were his 
marie many years, and later on moved to Botetourt, bondsmen. The courl aiqiointed his two brothers- 
and there died in 1781, was just as really a child of in-law, Joseph Lapsley and I'eter \\allace, ap- 
^llchael Woods of Blair Park as any of the six praisers of the estate of RMchard Woods. These 


facts ])r()\'c l<iiislii]i licvniid a ilmilit. lilood-kiiisliii) liinisclf in the Icllcr lie wi'olc .Tud.iic McLaii^lilin 

'ti»l<l' ill ilicsc tiiiu's. It was iiioic tliaii a gossa- ilai'ch 1, 1892. 

iiu'i- s(arl( I lliicad; it was a cliain lliat Ixdind the There is some conl'iisidn ci'cated conoerniiiji' this 

chui toi^cllicr and stodd any Icnsinn jait npon it. IJichard ^^^)()ds, Iiowcnci-, Ii\ tlie accennt of a <-<'r- 

In moinii ii\('i' tlie (dd iccords |()f Rockbridge tain Ricliard \\'oods. of Ailicmarlc, gi\"cn liy Dr. 

conidy, N'irginia], I was sti-nck witli tlic closeness Edgar \\'((ods in Ids History of Allx-niarle (pages 

wiih wliicii ijicse families were in toncli with each '.'>'>'> and .■>.">()). I »r. I'dgar Woods says a liichard 

otlu'i'. If any of tlieni r<'(|nii'e(l to gi\'e liond as Woods ii\-ed in Allieuiarh', north of Tayhir's <iai), 

administrators, executors, gnardian, or as an and speaks as if I iicre lie died in ISOl. If the two 

official, yon will find the names of Howyer, ilc- are one and the same, ilieii he must have heen 

Dowell, Woods, J>aiisle,\- or ^^'alla(•e as liondsnien eighty to eiglity-five at death. The Richard 

to the insirnment. Yon will llnd llie same names \\'oods of Rockhridge ("oiinty of whom .Major 

attached lo deeds and wills as witnesses. .\ll this \'arner speaks made his will in 1777, and died there 

shows a survival of the old clan touch and feeling, ahoiit two years thereafter. These two sets of 

My nearest neighbor. ,Miss Itetly Alexander, is a statements could scarcely I'el'er to cue aud the same 

desceudant of John ^McDowell, tlie first husband of man. Roth Dr. Edgar \V(io(ls, in his History of • 

^lagdaleii Woods (the foiiiMh remove from her), Albemarle (page 85G), and Mr. ^Vaddldl, in his 

and a niece of that great jireaclier and theologian, Annals of Augusta County (page 117), speak of 

Archibald Alexander, of I'rim-eton ( 'ollcge. Her this Albemai-le Richard \\'oods as having married a 

niollier died since the (lose of our Civil War, and Miss Stuart, a sister of Col. John Stuart, of (ireen- 

slie says that Inr mother iciin mlicicd licr ( /'. c. brier. Mr. ^Vaddell gives her Christian name as 

Mrs. Alexander's) graiidmol her, Magdalene Row- "Retsy," whilst Dr. Edgar Woods gives it as "Eliza 

yer, well. .Miss Alexander has this to say, that Ann." The "Eliza," however, may have been only 

she heard her mot Ik r say that lu r ( /. i ., Mrs. Alex- an abbreviation of Elizabeth for w hich "Retsy" was 

ander's) grandmother (Magdalene Rowyer), was a common alternative or ]iet-name. The childreu 

M'ith her brother, who lived but a slioit distance — of Richard Woods, of Albemarle, as given bv Dr. 

a short walk — from her house, when he died. lOdgar \\dods, were ^\"illiam, Ricliard, (ieorge, 

* * * Now, the brother could have been none Matthew and Elizabeth, whereas Major Varner 

other than Ricliar<l ^\' Is, as his house was less speaks of but two children of the Rockbridge Rich- 

thau half a mile from the home of .Magdaleue Row- ard, the one being Reiijamin, and the other Saiinnd. 
yer. No other Woods lived within less than twenty The Albemarle Richard is designated by Waddell 
miles of her. This, I think, settles the ipn'stion as as C.donel Richard Woods, whilst Major Varner 
to the degree of relationship of Kichard \\'oods to omits all title in referring to the Kockbridge Rich- 
Michael Woods, Sr." iird. Then still further complications arise from 
The :Mr. Cochran who has, like .Major Varner, the fact tliat the Rockbridge Richard was sheritf of 
been so freely (pioted on foregoing pages, was of Augusta about 17.'7 ( Ikockbridge county was not 
the same ojiinion as :\[ajor Varner in regard to carved out of Augusta and Rotetourt iiiilil 
Richard Woods being a son (d' old .Michael of Rlair 177S|, and from the fni-lher fact that, according to 
Park, lie had no knowledge, doubtless, of the con- ^\ad(lell (page 132), a Richard Woods was made 
vincing evidence of that fact which has just been the tirst sheriff of Rotetourt at its erection in 1770. 
quoted from .Major \'arner"s letter. Even without The writer confesses that he is unable to diseii- 
it, however, he considered it extremely probable tangle these various Ricliards, aud contents him- 
that Richard was, along with Andrew and Michael, self with saying that it is reasonable to believe that 
Jr., a sou of Rlair Park Michael, and he so expressed the one referred to by Major Varuer was a sou of 



^[icluit'l W'nods of IJhiii' I'ark. As, accdi'diiio- to 
IH'. Edijiir \\'oo(ls, the Albemarle Richard had a 
soil named iJi( hard, aud court records often fail to 
distinguish two men of the same name from each 
other, it may he that the Richard, Jr., of Alhenuirle, 
has somelimes been confounded with either his 
father or w ilh still another man of the same name. 
Anotlier faet to he borne iu mind is that the wife of 
the Rockhridge Richard Woods, according to ^fajor 
\'arner. was not Betsy or Elizabeth, but Jenny 
(Janet or Jean). But Betsy may have died and 
he may lia\-e married later a lady by the mune of 
Jenny. These confusing details, however, do not 
in anywise affect the argument intended to prove 
tliat old .Michael of Blair Bark had a son Richard 
who lived f()r many years iu Augusta (later on, 
Rockbridge ). We feel pretty sure as to Avhere this 
one canu' from, though we are unable to locate him 
thi'oughout his entire career or to distinguish him 
from one or two other men of the same name. 
Ileuce, it is but fair to set down a Richard among 
the children of .Michael Woods of Bdair Park. 

There are not wanting intelligent and well-in- 
formed persons who incline to the opinion tlmt old 
.Michael had several other sons besides all those al- 
ready mentioned — Samuel, Nathan, Janu'S — but 
the writer knows of no satisfactory evidence of the 
truth of such surmises. There were, indeed, sev- 
eral men of tlie ^^ oods name who lived very close 
to old ;Miciiaei in Albemarle, and who were, no 
(hmbt, in some way related to him by blood, but so 
far as the writer has been able to learn nothing 
])ositive is known u]ton which we ccmld fairly base 

an opinion. We must therefore limit the nundier 
of old .Micliael's children to eicNcn, si.\ of whom Iu; 
mentioned in his last will, and live as to whom he 
was silent when he |i(iined that instrument, f(U- rea- 
sons which to liim seemed satisfactoi'v and ](rop(>r. 
The follow ing exhiliit of the childi'en of .M ichael 
\\'oods and his wife .Mary { inc ( 'anijibdl i , is pre- 
sented as the result of the writer's researches ex- 
tending through the last ten years. The one aim 
has been to get at the truth, and then to state it 
fairly, regardless of the predilections and prefer- 
ences of himself or others. The exact date of the 
Idrth and death of the several children is not 
known with any certaint.\' in nmny instances. 
^\'llere there exist doubts, aud mere conjecture aud 
inference have luid to be resorted to, that fact is 
indicated by inferi'ogation marks enclosed in pa- 
rentheses. Only those dates which the writer con- 
siders to have l)een satisfactorily proved are left 
without such signs of doubt. That some errors 
should be found in any exhibit thus made up is in- 
evitable. The wril(M' has sim])ly done his Ijcst to 
ascertain the facts, and is well awai"e that in many 
cases an inference or conjecture was all he had to 
build ui^on. He had to sift the few grains of truth 
oftentimes from a great mass of wild guesses and 
utterly self-contradictory speculations. If there is 
any person alive who jfossesses reliable data for a 
more accurate exhibit than that which is here pre- 
sented, it is a tliousand pities that the writer could 
not have had the privilege of availing himself of 
such information ; but he does not now know of 
such a person. 


Children of ;M ichael and Mary Campbell Woods. 












-MAODALEN B. 170G ( ?) 

AVILLI.VM B. 1707 ( ? I 

.MICHAEL, JK P.. 170S ( ? ) 

-HANNAH P.. 171(1 ( V) 

JOHN B. 1712 

-:\IAR(JARET B. 1714 ( ?) 

-RICHARD P.. 171.") ( ■.') 

-ARCHIIiALD 15. 171G ( ?) 

.MARTHA B. 1720 

-ANDREW B. 1722 (?) 

-SARAH B. 1721 (?) 



M. ANNE — I). 1777 

.M. WILLIA.M W.\1,1..VCE D. 




JENNY D. 1 770 




M. JOSEPH LAPSLEY D. 1792 ( ?) 

40 THE wooDS-:\rcAFEE :memokial. j 


Conccniiim cadi and all (iT the eleven children years. Slie ninst have been a woman of remark- j 

of .Michael and .Marv Ihere is a ureal innllitnde of aide jihysieal vij;(>i-. and of oreal sti'eniitli of char- | 

details we would i^ladlv know if \\c could, bnt acler. I 

whicli il is now impossible to recover, and yet from She was tlii-ec limes married, ami al I he death i 

various pi-inled hooks, and courl rec(U-ds, and ec- of her second hushaud (I!(U-deni, became the 

cU siasi ical rciiisters, and Slale iiajicrs, and ancicnl wcallliiesi lady wesi of the lUue llid.ue, Horden 

tombstones, and family tradili(nis w c are able to having fallen heir lo a pari of his father's vast 

o-ather (luile a number of inlei'cstinu items of a latuled eslale of -Mill, (10(1 aci'cs in IheCreat Valley 

trusi worthy character. Such of these as the an- before his marriajic with .Majidalen. She was 

thor has had llie opjioi-tnuity to discovei' will now widely known Ihronjihoul a wide circle of connec- 

be presented, uumy of which have never before tions. and was fre(inenlly honoreil by having the 

been in print: children of relatives name(l tor hei'. 

The correct spellinu of her name is a matter of 

A— .MA(il)ALEX WOODS, AND THE .AlcDOW- ^ , . -, • n . . 

no ureat monieid, and \et it is one worlliv ot at 
ELLS, ANI> I'.OKDENS. AND r.OWYEKS. ... '„„ , , i .i 

least a passiiiii, notice. I he aullior has adopted 

Of her early life next to nothing is positively ^j,^, orthography employed herein (. Magdalen | he- 
known. That she was a child of :Michael Woods ,..„j^,, jj. j^^.,,jj,j^ ^j^.^^ ^^..^^^ jl^^, ]U'efereiice of the go(.d 
by his wife .Mary, ii<< ("ampbell, has been, as we lady herself, and is the one fcdlowed by some of her 
believe, satisfa.-torily .lemoiistrated. That she was |^^.^^ i„Cunued kinsfolk. It is one of those names 
bom in Ireland aboul the year ITdC, is 111.' convic- ^^^^.^,^^ -^ certain to be variously spelled even by the 

tion of the aulhor. based up.m well-ascer- ,|i||v,.,.,|, „„.„ ^s of the family connections to 

tained facts. It seems cMiially lU'obable that sh.- ^^.,,j^.,^ ,|,^. ^^.,.,,,.,,,. ,,,. j, |„.|,,„„^ ^Ve liiid Magda- 

was the first child ..f her parents. Her father, as j^,,^.^_ Magdalene, .Ahigdaline, besides .Magdalen, 

is known, was born in 1(;S4, and it is extremely ,,^,.,, ,,^. different writers; but in the year 1753, 

likely he did not marry till he was twenly-oim ,|,„.i„„. ,„.,. ^,.,.,„„, ^idowhoo.!, we tiiid her name 

years (dd (say in IKIol, an.l was not a father until ^j^,^^.,, ^,, ., ,..,|| ^^.|,j,,,, ,,,,, rpj, ,,,,,,,. j.^^^g^, Chnrch 

IKIC. It is also reas.uiably .vrtaiu Ihal h.T pa- ....f,.,,,,,,,, ,,, ., |.,.,. .,,,,,„ ,.,.,,,,11, and she sp.-lled 

rents migrated to Ameri<-a in 1Tl'4, at which time |„,,. ,.|,,isiian name .Magdahui, if we are lo ac<-ept 

she was eighteen years of age; and it is cer- ^^,,,,, ^^.,, ^j,„, j„ , „. y,,,,^^-^ .in,.g,,d ,.„p,. ^f that 

tainly known that she did not leave (ireat P.ritain ,i.M-nment.^'' This .night to settle the matter, tliongh 

when her parents removed to the New World. It ,,^.,.,, ., |.„,^, ,„.,^. ,,„, ,„. i„variably consistent with 

is positively certain— from the best of evidence, ,„.,.^,.||'_ .,,,,1 tins one may in instances, or at 

soon to be given— Ihal she came to Virginia from ,|iic,„,.„, ,„.,-!, hIs of her lung life, have varied the 

(ireat I'.ritain in 1737, at which time she was the ..nhngraphy of Imr name, 
wife of John McDowell, and the mother of at least 

one child, Samnel. When she came t(. Virginia Skctki.x Omo— Tiik. .McDowki.i.s. 

she was about thirty-one years old, and there she The earliesi anlheiilic account of John Mc- 

spent ( in ISockbridge county I , the w lude (d' the re- Dowell, .Magdalen's first husband, consists of a 

niainder of her extracu'dinarily long life, dying, as brief record in the coiirl house of Orange county, 

is belie\-ed, ill ISIO. al the great age of 104 years. N'irginia. It beai-s dale I'ebruary I'S, 173)9. and 

She was a I'resbyterian, and was probably a mem- reads as follows: "Jolm ^IcDowell made oath 

her of Timber Ividge ("hurcji from its tirst organ- that he imported himself. ^Magdalen his wife, 

ization, not huig after her arrival in the neighbor- Samnel jMcDowell his son, and John Rntter his 

hood, until her death — a period of at least seventy servant, at his charge from Great Bx'itain, in the 


jear 1737 f(p dwell in tliis colony." Let it he liorne make liim jiisl iilimil Iwcnly-one wlien lie iiiari'ie(l 
in mind liial wJiilsl llie act of the Colonial Lcgis- ^hiiidalen Woods, I liirly tour when lie came lo \'ii'- 
lature for the creation of the t'uunty of Au!j,ustii Ity ginia, and linily-nine when hi' was romnnssioued 
dividiiiij; Orange connty was i)assod in 17oS — oue captain of (he miiilia company of which he was in 
year heforc John McDowell took the oath jnst re- command wjien killed l)\- (he Indians, 
ferred to — the connty was not fnlly organi/.ed until Whether lOphraim .McDowell, John's faiher, 
174."). TJiis exjilains why the record above (pioted came to America prior (o 17:!7 is a ma((ei- which 
was made at ( »range conrt lionse. I'\ir(liermore, the the records widiin reach of (he presen( wriiei' do 
records (ff the land uitice at Iiichnioiid show (lia( on not satisfactorily (le(erniine. If wlia( we (ind in 
tlie lOtli of November, 1742, McDowell secnred a most of (he books coiireriiing (he dale of (he mi- 
grant of 400 acres of land on account of the impor- gration of the faiher be as nnreliable as some of 
tation of himself and family into the colony at his the statements which are here seen touching that 
own charges fi\'e years before.'"' This one sworn of the son, not mncli deiiendence can be placed 
statement, recorded in ( »raiige county, fui'iiishes us ujton it. 1\\\\ (hei-e ai-e some reasons for belie\-ing 
a \'ery delinile and incontrovertible basis for a re- that I*>])liraim and mosi of his family itrecedeil 
liable accouni of both John McDowell and Mag- John and family by at least a few years. Col. 
dalen ^^■oo(ls. It clears up several disputed ques- Cireen surmises that the McDowells and a goodly 
tions, and it reveals the worthlessness of a good company of their kinsmen and co-religionists mi- 
many speculations which have been written in re- grated from Ireland a( (me and the same time, and 
gard to (his con])le. It shows (ha( John .McDowell he inclines to the \iew dial i( ma.\ ha\'e been (he 
and Magdalen did not reach Virginia nn(il lliirleen year 172!>.^" This is cerlainly inexact so far as re- 
years af(er .Magdalen's jtareuts had lefl Ireland, bites to John and family, but is probalily Irue as 
and tliree years after the settlement of (he Woodses to his father and (he oilier members of the Mc- 
in \'irginia. It shows also that John .McDowell Dowell colony. l'>]>hraiiii and his ]iarty seem to 
and wife never were citizens of the colony of IVnn- have settled first in Pennsylvania, and then later 
sylvania, and that their son Samuel was not liorn on to have moved on down in(o (he Valley of Vir- 
tliere, but in (Jreat Britain. Of course, John and ginia. If this southward move occui-red in 17;'>7 
family may have landed tii-st on the Delaware, and John and family may lia\c been in (he company, 
mayhave passed through rennsylvania on (heirway 'H'e wife of Ephraim, who was his full lirst cousin, 
down lo Virginia, but that colony was never their was Margaret Irvine. Col, (Jreen infers Ihat 
home. According to AVaddell that was the route she was dead when the family left Ireland, be- 

of all 11 arlier settlers going to tlie Great Val- cause her daughter, ;\Irs. (Jreenlee, in her fanunis 

ley.'- I'or some reason none of tliem laii<led at a dei»osition, taken in ISIKI, when she was ninety- 
Virginia ])or( and then came across westwardly to five years (dd, sjieaks as if her niolher was not with 
the ^'alley. the family at (he time of (Ii(> migraiion (o 
The date of Tohn McDowell's liirlh has been America.'' (The i-eader will jdease turn to note 
given as 1714 by some, but this must be too late a 41, and i-ead i( before going further.) Ephraim 
date by at least ten or eleven years, lie was al- and wife were genuine Sco(ch-Trisli Presbyterians, 
most certainly older than his wife, who was born like the jiarenls of (he lady (heir son Tohn nmr- 
abont 1701). lie died at the close of 1741', and, even ried, and we may resi assured dial John could re- 
if born in 171):'., he was only thirty-nine at the time cite the Shorlei' Calechism, proofs and all, before 
of his deadi. lie was recognized as a surveyor in he was sixteen years old, and was familiar with his 
1737, and all indications point to his having been Bible and Psalm Book. One reason for surmising 
born not later than about the year 1703. Thiswould that Ephraim came (o .\merica some years prior 


to 1737 is his knnw n inliiiiacy in Ireland with Jolin Valley from Pennsylvania (John and family hav- 
Lewis, tlic man wiin. in 17:VJ, settled what after- ing jnst ari-ived from Ireland i with tlie intention 
wards liecaiiie Aii^iisia roiiiily. Lewis had mi- of settlin!^' close to dolni licwis. When nearly at 
<;;rated lo IN-nnsylvauia. and then in 1782 settled in llicir destination the party accidentally fell in with 
the (ireat N'alley near where Stannton was after- one Hen liorden, Sr., of New Jersey, who had 
wards Imilt. <'ol. (Jreen lielieves that Ephraini recently secured fiom <io\'. (iooch a large grant of 
^Icl>owcll ami .lolm Lewis came to America to- 500,(100 acres on the Shenandoah and James rivers 
gether in the year 172!t, and this seems (|nite likely, in parts of the territoiy now iiuluded in the 
though it seems (|nite strange that Ephraim, who counties of Augusta and Kockhridge. I'roducing 
was then a man of lifty-scNcn, should make so scri- his ])atents, he soon satislied the .Mcl>owells that 
ous a move as was imohed in his migratir>n to an- his claim was lawful and sound. He t(dd the Mc- 
other continent lieyond the sea, leaving liehiud him Dowclls that he had located 10.000 acres in the 
his eldest son, John, then a young man of about j'oi'k of Tames river, hut was not ahle to nudve his 
twenty-six years, who did not follow till eight years way to the ](laee, and he (dl'ered to give 1,000 acres 
later. This certainly calls for some nnusual ex- to anyoni' who would diicit him to the spot. John 
])lanation. The childri'U of JO])hraim .McDowell McDowell, who was an educated man and a prac- 
and his wife -Margaret, y/cc Irvine, were the follow- tical siirveyor, accepted the offer, and a written 
ing: 1, IdiiN, who married .Magdalen Woods; 2, agreeuKMit was entered into between the parties. 
J.VMKS, who is thought to have lieeu the lirst mem- '{'he next day the whole jiai-iy reached tlie home of 
her of the family to go to \'irginia, having raised a John Lewis. .McDowell ]Mloted Uorden to the de- 
croji of coin in r>e\erly .Manor in the siuing of sired locality and the whole c(dony concluded to 
1737, who was a gallant soldier of the N'irginia settle in I'.orden's (Irani. When and how John 
militia during the Lrench and Indian ^V!ars, who ac(|uir<'d his knowledge of that region we can not 
married a lady near Williamsbiii-g, and who died e\(ngm'ss. ( 'abins were soon ei'ccted for I]]»hraini 
without male issue; 3, .M.\i;y E., who was born in .Mel >owell, (he ( !r(MMdees, and John .M( Dowell, near 
1711, who maiTied .lames (Jreenlee, who came into where Lexington, N'irginia, now stands, and the 
r.oi-den's (Irant in the fall of 1737., and who gave men of the colony — one of the first in all that sec- 
her famous (lei)osition in the case of IJorden vs. tion of counlry after that of Tohn Lewis — at once 
Cueton et al., in ISOti when niuety-tive years old; liegan writing to friends in Ireland and perhajis in 
and 1, ^[ai{(!.\uett.\. who married James Mitchell, I'ennsylvania, to come and make homes in the heau- 
wiio mo\ed to North Carolina and later to South tiful N'alhy. The result was that in a, few years the 
Carolina, with hei- busliand, and from whom was ^^'oodses, \\'allaces. Walkers, .McCluugs, Saw- 
descended the late .Mr. Thomas .Mitchell, an hon- yerses, McCues, -McCowns, Hayses, .McElroys, 
ored banker of Danville, Kentucky, whose only .McKees, McCuuslands, McCamphells, McPheet- 
dangli(er, Louisa, is the wife of the Kev. Thomas ( rses, Campbells, Stuarts, I'axtons, Lyles, h-viues, 
Cleland. of Springfield, ^lo. Caldwells, Cloyds, etc., were induced to settle in 
\\ hat was known as Borden's (Jraut in- that charming wilderness and become the jiioneers 
eluded a large jiart of the present counties of in establishing one of t he most prospei'ons and en- 
Augusta and Kockhridge. John Lewis, the (dd lightened agricultural communities ever founded 
friend and kinsman of Ephraim Mt'Dow(dl. had in the New ^^'ol■ld. rresb_\teiian churches soon he- 
settled in Augusta (or what afterwards came to be gan to be established in all that region, and for a 
Augusta I in 1732, and about live years thereafter long period they were the only churches of any 
(1737) we find Ephraim 3IcDowell and the Green- kind in the Valley; and now, after the lapse of a 
lees and John McDowell and family conung up the centiiry and a half, they are among the nnist pow- 


prful iuid hciK'liccnt niiciicii'S for llii- iiitclli-ctuiil mii-ci-s duw n in ilic Iwcnl icili cciiliirs' (■(uisidiTjnilc 
and s](irilual Iviiiuiiiii <>1' (lie iuliabitauts of tlie iK'i'plcxil_\- if he sliould in sonic \\a v niana.Lir lo Iiavc; 
Circat N'allfV. I-^plivaini Mel towcll lived to b<' tliat petition rccasl. I f an v oin' feels enoiii;li inter- 
more tlian a hundred years of aj^c, ontli\ in^' liis est in the matter lo wanl lo read il for himself, he 
son .lolin more than a whole Ji'enoration, ami dyinu,- can find it in fnii in W'addell's Annals ( ])aii(' tS2). 
at the ontbreak of Hie American Kevolulion, in II would lia\'c made -losli Uillin^s, Ai-lcmns Ward 
wliieli so many of his descendants were destined to and Rill Nye feel very small. We can rest assured, 
plav a prominent and honorable part. howcvei', that -lolm .Mcltowidl was in no way rc;- 
John McDowell's career in Virginia was a bri<'f sponsible for the wordinj; and spelling of the peti- 
one, and had a teiTible ending. He lived but a tion, for he was an educated man, and must have 
little more than five years after settling in the felt a little endiarrassed by its make-up if he ever 
A'alley. In July, 1742, a ]iet it ion was gotten up by did read it, wliich is (bmblfnl. It accomplished 
his many friends and admirers, and addressed to its pui'pose, however; it secured liim his conunis- 
(Jov. (b)ocli, asking that he be a]i]H)inted captain sion from the (io\-ernoi-, and lu' was made captain 
of the colonial militia for Augusta county, as a of the Augusta militia. 

defence against the Indians who frequently visited lint, alas, how brief was the i)eriod for which 

the Valley, their main A\ar-path from the north to he was to wear his honors and coutinue to serve his 

the south ])assing right by the site of Staunton, and community I Late in December, 174:2, tidings came 

crossing the lUue Kidge at Woods's Oap. Tluit pe- to the settlement (on Christmas eve) that a band 

tition, by the way, which is given in full by ^Vad- of blood-thirsty Shawnee Indians from beyond Iho 

dell,'" is one of the most remarkable examples of Ohio were already prowling in the neighborhood, 

•'stunning" orthography t() be found in all litera- intent upon d Is of plunder and Id 1. At his 

ture. The wonder is that the educated men of the call the men of his com])any (piickly assembleil at 

community, of whom there were not a few, should his honu' on Tind»er Ridge, and a council of war 

have allowed sucli a ridiculously illiterate docu- was lield. Captain McDowell was a ccmiparatively 

nienl to be sent to (lovernor (loocli. The only way young man. and alnmst without e.\])erience in 

in which we can account for the jireseutation of Indian warfare. He was not vei-y familiar with 

such a }(a]ier to the colonial government is that it the cunning tactics of his foe. lint he was fearless 

was written and nuviuly gotten up by some warm and enteri>rising, and soon the comi)any of militia 

admirer of John McDowell, who, though destitute under his lead started in pursuit of the savages. It 

of education, may have lu-en a man of excellent was on riiristmas day. When they had reached the 

character and inllucnce in the community, as i)oint w heic the Noi'th river comes into the James 

we sometimes tind il Insi ial( (I in our own da\'; at Balcony I'alls, not much nutre than twenty miles 

and foi- fear t>\' giving liini offence, the ])eti- from tb.eir homes, they marched all unconsciously 

tion was allowed to go for.rard to Williams- into a deadly ambuscade, skilfully laid for 

burg as it was originally prepared. Perhaps them by the wily and murderous Shawiu'es; and 

t.nly a few of the signers ever read it. But tlie first intimat ion the whites had of the preseuce 

if wc could have been near enough to the gallant of the foe Avas a sudden volley from the rifles of the 

captain-to-l)e wc wdiild have been tempted to sug- Indians which instant ly laid ("aplain .Mi l>owell 

gest to him that as that ])a]ier would be read and and eiglil of his men low in the dnsl. The savages 

discussed geueratious after, when he would not be at once broke and i-an, as if themselves astonished 

at hand to make the necessary explanations, he at the fearful execution tbey had wrought, and 

would dcmbtless save some of his kinsmen and ad- ,i,.,.adinn tlu; wrath of the whites. The men of tlie 




THE r.()I>Y OF 





iiiilili:i \\('i-c so (•((in]il('tcly taken by surprise, and 
so shocked to see their hrave h'ader and eight of 
their coiniianv jirosirate ii])on the earth in the 
atioiiies of death. Iliat I he.v di(i not attempt to pur- 
sue the rapidly retreating foe, hut tenderly gath- 
ered up tile (h'ad Ixidies of their comrades, placed 
lliein ujioii horses, and in sorrow and gloom began 
tlieir niai-cii hack to 'rind)er Ridge, twenty miles Magdalen Woods is known to have had at least 

distant, there to he compelled to witni'ss the grief dn-,.,. children by her tirst husband. J(thn McDow- 
and distress lutw to fall upon so nuiny stricken ell, namely ; two sons, and a daughter, 
families. Magdalen .McDowell had dimbtless that ,1, The tiist-born of their children, so far as 

Christmas morning kissed her beloved husband a (-xisting records show, was named S.\.MUEL, and 
tend(M- farew<'il. and in prayer commended him and jt is certainly known thai lie came over with his 
his companions to the care of Ood's gracious Provi- parents from Oreat Rritain to N'irginia in the year 
deiu-e only a few hours before. Rut what a fear- 1737. nis age at the time of the migration is not 
ful s[iectacle for .Magdalen it must have been — that referred to in the sworn statenumt of his father, 
doleful company, slowly returning with nine previously menti(Uied as lieing on record at Orange 

bloody corjises dangling across the saddles of their 
horses, and one of them her own dear husband, 
whom she had seen go forth with such a lu'ave 
heart only om- day, or perhaps a few h»mrs, before! 
Magdalen was now a widow, and her Inmse the 
house of mourning, and her thrt'e little children 

("ourt House, Virginia; but Ool. (ireen gives 1735 
as the year of Samuers biilh. If lie was the first 
child of his parents, then .Magdalen and John had 
been married more than ten years before they had 
issue. Tliey may, however, have had several chil- 
dren prior to Samuel's birth who died in infancy. 

fatherless. To her broken heart it must have been hjs ^(^ath occurred in Kentucky, in 1817; and if he 

no small comfort to have near her many of the near \v;,s horn in ]7or», he was eighty-two years old when 

kin of lioth herself and her de])arted hnsliand. Her i,,. died. 

father's home was just across the Rlue Ridge, Sammd^McDowell ( whom we shall preseutlybegiu 

about thirty-five miles to the northeastward. to refer to as Judge Samuel McDowell, in order to 

Nine gra\('s, side by side, were dug near .Mag- distinguish him from other persons of his name I 

dalen's now (les()lated home, and the bodies were was educated in what is now Rockbi-idge County, 

jirepared for burial. It was indeed a strange and in jiart by .\rchihald .VIexander, the head of one 

Oiii-istmas season. The dead were laid away with nf the most distinguished and scholarly families 

the solemnity of Ohi-istian rites, and their murder- iiijs conntry has ever produced. I'or com]>anions 

ers escaped lieyond the mountains towards their he had the .McClungs, J'axttms, \V Ises, Wallaces, 

far northern homes beyond the Ohio. The burial- Lajisleys, Stuarts, Lyles, Reids, .Moores, Campbells, 
place of tlu'se nine men, whom Dr. Foote supposed 
to have been the first of the Saxon race ever com- 
mitted to the dust in Kockbridge county, can be 
seen to-day near the Ked House, oi' .Maryland Tav- 
ern, on the west side of the road leading from stant I v to be guarded auainsl. and where the condi- 

etc. Left fatherless when perhaps only seven or 
eight years of age (December 2."), 1742), his boy- 
hood and much of his maidiood were s]ient on the 
N'iryinia frontiei-, where Indian raids had con- 

Staunton to Lexington. As one enters the iron 
gate and turns a little to the left he will observe a 
low, unhewn limesttuie slab about two feet high, 
on which is a rude inscription reading thus:" 

tions of life were such as to train him to endure 
many hardshijis and ]>\i\y the part of a sturdy and 
adventurous man. Reared by a Scotch-Irish 
mother, and in the midst of a community almost 


Avliollv of llic I'lcslnlci'inn f;iilli, he onrly learned Jiidiic .McDdwcll liad iiian-icd, wlicii scarcely 

to fcai- (!od, and Ix'caiiic imbncd willi those sound innetcen _\cai's of a,i;c, .Miss .Mary McCluii^-, of \'ir- 

relijiious principles wliicli characterized his subse- ginia — Janiunn- 17, IT.")!, '{'he I'l-uii of this union 

(juent cai-eer. I'roiii llenninii's Statntes we learn was a family of eleven children, as follows: 
tJKit in ]~~>S, when only about -'.i years of aj^c, he (ai doii.x, who was boin in \ir,i;inia, in IT.")?, 

was a soldier of (he colony against the French and took an active part in the Kevolutionary struggle; 

Indians; and in 1 TTr> a large tract of laud was niai'ried Sarah .McDowell, his first cousin, a 

granted to him in Fayette County, Keiducky, for daughter of his uncle dames ^I(d)owell; aftei- the 

his military services, lie couimanded a coni])any death (d' his wife, Sarah .Mc! >owell, he married Lucy 

of the -Vngnsta militia at the great battle with the Le (Jrand; removed to Fayette County, Kentucky, 

Indians at I'oiut Pleasant, Virginia, in October, in 1784 ; and was a nmjor in the war of 1 SI 2. The 

1774, and rendered valiant service. In the Revolu- children of ^Major John McDowell l)y his tii'st wife 

tiou lie commauded an .\ugusta reginu'id, and took Sai'ah, were the following: 1, dames, who man-ied 

jiai't in various i'am]>aigus. Susan Shelliy; L*, John (."Jdi, who niai'i'ied Sarah 

Samuel .McDowell was also i>rominent in civil .Mc.Vlpiue; 3, Samuel ( I'd i who married I'etsy 

life, having served several terms as the represeuta- Chrisman ; 4, lietsy, who married William ^Mc- 

tive of .Vugusta County in the Virginia House of Pheeters; ami, n, .ALiry, who nmrried Major 

Burgesses i»rior to the Kevolution. There he took Thonuis Hart Sludby. The children of :Ma.ior John 

a bold stand against the aggressions of the Mother McDowell by his second wife, Lucy Le (^Irand, were 

Country wlii<-li Patrick Henry so elo(|uenlly op- the fcdlowing: L Iose])h Xaslie, who mariied a 

posed, and which le<l on to the gigantic sti'Uggle nf .Miss Drake; 2, Charles, who married a .Miss lt<'dd ; 

177r)-Sl. In 17S:t, after .Vmerican Imlependence 3, Betsy, who married llendei'son Bell; 4, Sallie, 

had been \viui, we tind him surveyor of public lands who married James .Vlleii ; and, .">, Lucy, who nuii'- 

for Fayette County, Kentucky, and also a judge of ried David ;\r. Woodson. 

the first District Court of Kentucky, which was (b) J.v.mks, second son of Judge Samind .Mc- 

held at Ilarrodsburg. In 4784, when he was a man Dowell and ^lary ^[cClung, was born in what is 

nearly .",(1 ye.n-s old, he removed his family to what now Bockbridge Couidy, ^■irginia, in 17(>(). James 

w as afterwards .Miicer County, Kentu(ky. lnl7S(i, eidisted as a private soldier in the Coutineutal 

he was chosen to be one of the presiding justices Army when but sixteen years old, and continued in 

of the first County Court held in the District of the service till victory crowned the American arms 

KeidiH-ky, and from that time on he \\as known as at Vorktown. ^^'IMle at home on furlough during 

Judge .McDowell. In the discussions and gather- the war, and when onlv nineteen years of age, he 

ings which liualiy ]>aved the way for the se])ara- married ^lary Paxton Lyle, daughter of Captain 

tiou of Kentucky friun N'irgiuia and its erection John Lyle. His sweetheart's ]>arents were 

into a s( parate State in 17!ll', dudge 31(d)owell to(ik aliont to remove to North Candina, and he 

a leading part. He ]iresided over all of the nine wished to make sure of his |iri/ce and ha\e 

Conventions wbi(h met to discuss the sejjaration her remain at the home of Ids own ])ar- 

of Kentucky from the ]iarent State, and also over (tils. Tlu' Lyies were of ihc Scotchlrish, who 

that of 1792, which framed Kentucky's first con- had settled in ISorden's Crant .-ilong with the ear- 

stitution. He was distinguished for his incorru]d- liest families. Col. (ireen gives it as his o]dinon 

iblc iidegrity, strong common sense, and coura- that the several names Lyle, Lisle, and Lyell are, in 

geous adherence to what he deemed to be right. I'eality, ideidical. The name is <me of high rcpule 

He died near Danville, Kentucky, in 1817, at the in both Virginia and Kentucky. Captain John 

advanced age of eightv-two. Lvle's wife was Isaliella I'axton, danuhter of Johti 


P;i.\l(Pii ;iii(l .MiiiMlia JJlair — must c'.\.c:clU'ut Siolcli- llic late ("i\ il >\ ar oul- of the eompauics coniposiug 

Irisli iiarcntajic Col. Koiicr W. Hanson's Second Kentucky Kegi- 

Im ITSl. -laiiii's Mel >(i\\ ill rt'iii()\('(l willi liis lam- mciii nf ihc ( 'oiifcdd'atc .Vi'uiy; and, T, ICpliraini, 

ily to I*"aycilc ('miiily. Knii iiik\ . alonu willi Ihc of .Mason ("oniily, KcnUifky, who married, first, 

niifihly lidc of Niruinians who al llial period Ann J'oaiic, and, secoiHlly. Lucretia C. Feemster. 

])onrrd iiiin ilic lair wilderness lo the wcsi of Ihe This I'^phraim McDowfll was a pliysiciau and a 

nn)nntains. He clinsr a local ion in ihc \cry nejihcw of tlie world-famed snr^con of the same 

dioicest |iorlinii uf iln- I'diic (irass, llirce mih's on( name. 

from l-c.\iii;^lon nn ilie ( lcori;clow ti roa(L lie (h'- ( c I The third son of .Tnd_sie Samnel ^leDowell 

Voted his cnci'iiics to farming; and slock raisin^'. and his wife, .Mary .Mc('lnnL;\ \\as named AVlL- 

lie was acli\-c, ncNcrilieli'ss, in the military move- i.i.\.M. who cann- to he known as Jnd.ue William 

nients of ihc pcrind ai;ainsi the Indians, and was .Mcl»owell. He was horn in IJockhridge County, 

commissicincil majcir hy (io\. Shelhy in IT'.l-. N'ir.ninia, .March '.). ITCiL'. lie was (piite young 

When the war of ISP_' Innkcoul, he was |)asl the w hen t he IJevolnt ion ojiened, hut he was in the Vir- 

auc for ciidnrinu the nsnal hardships of military uinia militia foi' a time during the war. He is said 

life, lint his pal rini ic spirit was not to lie ]iam])ered to have liccn the most highly educated of all his 

liy thai circnmslancc. 1 le w as at the t inic in com- father's children, and was an ahlc lawyer. lie 

niaiid of a com|>any (il'ca\alry raisiil al l.cxinglon, came to Kentucky with his father in 17S4, and set- 

aiid this liody sunn dcxfloped into a hallalion. lie tied near r)aii\ille. There he soon rose to promi- 

was nia<le a luajni-. and his command consolidated iience at the har, and was Ihe intimate associate of 

wiili ihai <'f ('<d. Simrall. lie saw service under the ahlest and most distinguished men of Ken- 

<!cncial 1 lariisoH, and distinguished himself in the tnclc^'. And let it he iKnaie in mind that despite 

linily conlcsicd hallle of the .M ississiiiew a. \\'hcn the distance of l>an\ille fi-oni the cultured centers 

the w;ir closed he held I he ra nk of colonel. Here- of inllucnce in tjie (dder sections of the country 

moved In .Mason Conniy. Kentucky, where he s])ent at the East, there were, even at that early day, a 

the cMMiing of his lilc, dyiTig at a i-i]ie old age. lie eonsi<lerahle nundier of learned ainl brilliant men 

w as a man of s|dendi(l ])hysi(|ue, and great force of there who would have adorm'd the highest circles of 

chai-acter, and left a tine estate and an lunnirahh' \'iiginia. In 1 TST Jud.uc McDowell represented 

name lo his chihln-n. :\lercer Conniy in Ihc A'irginia Legislature, lie was 

("ol. lames .\l(d»owcll ;ind his wife, .Mary ra.xton ai)]iointed to various oflicial ](ositions, and flnallv 

l.yle, had seven diildren. as follows: 1, Isaliella, was made, hy President Madisiui, Cnited States 

who married l»r. -lohn I'oage Cani|(hell; 2, Sallie, District Judge for Kentucky, a position he filled 

who married (diver Keene, of hayette ("oiiidy. Ken- with distinction for eiglit years. At I'owling 

Incky; :!, Samuel, who was a sergeant in C;iplain (ireen, whitliei' he had removed (Ui account of his 

Trollcr's conipan.\ in Ihe war of ISli', and married <luties as .judge, he died, full of honors. 

l'oll> < 'hi-isnian, of .lessamine ("(MiTdy, Kentucky; Judge \Villiam McDowell m.-ii-j-icd jMargai'etta 

'. -Inlici. who marrieil ,-i Dr. Dorsey, of Cleming .Madison, whose father, John .Madison, was an uncle 

Conniy. Kenlncky; :,. lleliie, who marrie.l John of I'i-( sident .Madison. The fruit of lliis union 

Andrews; C. Caplaiii -lohn hyle. who was a soldii-r was a family of si.\ children, as follows: 1, Samuel 

in Ihc war <>{ Isli' along with his failicr. m.irried j AfeDowell. who married :\riss Nancy Rochester, 

Xancy N'ance Scott, died in I'ra nkforl . Kentucky. aiid left issue; L'. Taicinda, who nmrried Dennis 

in ISTS, at I he age of eighly-foiir, ami one (d' whose I'.rashear; 3, ^Mary, who was the first wife of the 

syns was Ihe late .Major llervey .McDowell, of (\vn- lale .Major Ceorge C. Thomjison. of .Afercer County, 

thiaiia. Kenlncky. who i-aise(| and commanded in Kentucky; 4. William :\rcDowelI, who married a 


IMiss C'iirllirac; 5, Ayatlia, who married .lames G. where lie lived till ls:',s, Uien ;ifiiT\v;ir<ls prui-tiKCHl 

Jiiniey; ('., K\\'//.\. wim married Nathaniel Roches- in Luiiisville, Keniii.kv. and llvaiisville, Iiidiaiiii. 

ter, of Itowiin.n (Ireen, Keutueky. The eiiildicn i,\ |»i-. .\l.| ic.well :ind hiK wiff Maria 

(d) The fonrtli sou of Judge Samuel McDow- Ilawidus llai'\cv were: Sai'ali Slielhy, whit iiiur- 

ell and liis wife, .Mary A[(('luuji, was named Saji- ried Hhuid UaHai'd. a m.led LuiiisviHe lawyer; 

VVA.. who, in order to distinguisli liini from his Henry Clay, who married AiuK-lle ("lav, ila\i{;litcr 

falher and uephews, was called Samuel McDowell, of Li. Coj. Henry Clay, who fell at Itiieiia VJKta; 

of .Mrrcir County, lie was liorn in llockliridiic Willijini I'reston, wl larried .Miss i\al«' \Vri};lit ; 

County, \'irginia, ;Mar(h S, 17(i4. lie was, like all Kdward Irvine, who fell in lialile diiriii;: our lale 
the .McDowells, naturally inclined to a military Civil War, lie hein- ni liie time a capiain of a coin- 
life when the country ueeded soldiers; and though i)any in ilie I "iliecuili Kciiliicky ( l-'ederal i |{«'ni- 
liut twelve years old when the Declaration was ])ul)- meiil ; I. ol' whom no |iarticnlars are availalilc. so 
lished, he stole away from home in 17S1, when only far as the w I'iler is a wan-, ."i, .losi'pli, wlm iiiarri<*<| 
seventeen, and joined Lafayette in time lo take part Anne r.nsh, and sciiled in .\laliama. one of (heir 
in the closing eompaign at Yorktown. In 17S1 he danghters (.Maiwi marryini; a .hidge Clarke, of 
mox'ed to Kentucky with the McDowells, settling in .Mississippi, and ilic oi Imt i r.cii ie i marrying a Dr. 
.Mercer County, where he spent the remainder of his ^^'elch, who iiiommI io (iahcsion. Te\as; (i. Ale.vaii- 
life, lie served in various expeditions against (he der Keith .Marshall, who mai-ried. lirsi. I'riscilla 
Indians after settling iu Mercer, and (ien'l Wash .McAfee, a daughter of Ceneral lloiierl I". .Mc.\fc<.. 
ington a]>i>ointed him tlie first United States Mai'- of fiercer County, Kentucky, ami, later on. .\mia 
shal for Kentuck.v, in IT'.tlJ. That ol'lice he held llaupl; 7, .Mary, who w:is liorn in .\|irccr <'oiiii(y 
under ^^■ashington, .Toliu .Vdams and .lelfcison. in 17N7, and married \\illi:im Siai'ling; S. Sallie. 

Samuel .McDowell, of fiercer, married .\nna Ir- Inu-n in ISOl. wlui manicd .Irri'iiiiah .Minter. 

vine, a kinswimian, the daughter of Abram Irvine, | <■ I The lilili son of .Imlge Samn-1 .McDowell 

a Scclch-lrish IM( sliyterian, and to them were horn and iiis wife, .Mary .MrClmiL;. was nai I .losKiMl. 

eleven children, to wit : 1, John Adair .McDowell, w lio w as horn Scpicndicr i:;, 1 7(!S. and was Imf six- 

who was horn in Mercer County, May 20), 17S!>, and teen years (dd when his pariMils migrale.l lo K,u 

married Lucy Todd Starling; U, .Miram Irvine Mc tncky. lie was known in his mat are \cars as Col- 
Dowell, who was horn 24, 17!)3, and married omd .lose])li .M( Dowell. In Kenlucky, after reach- 
Eliza Seidell Lord; 3, William Adair :\rcDowell, ing a suitable agv, he look an active j.arl in the 
who was horn in Mercer County, March 21. 1711.-), camiiaigns against the In.lians. 11.- was in 
who married Maria Hawkins Harvey, his kins- Urown's com,.any wiili S.otfs .-xpedilion in 17!il. 
woman, ..f Fincastle, Virginia, and a grand- and in holh ,.f iln^ expcdii ions under Cen-l Hop- 
daughter of Martha Borden, the said .Martha kins iu ISPJ. 1 le all ra.icd ih,. favorable notice of 
beiitg a daughter of Magdalen Woods by her C.oveianu- Shelby, who made him a mcnd»a- of his 
second husband, Ben Borden, .Tr., and having run staff as ad.jutant-gvmTal. and he was with hin. at 
away and marri.Ml lien Hawkins. The said Wil- Hh- battle of the Thann-s, it. the fall of ^sy^. and fur 
Ham Adair McDowell was educated in part at Le.K- his services received si)ecial .•oini)lin..-nlary ineii- 
ingt.m. Virginia, was for a time in the war of 1S12. tion from (ieuM Harris.m. Col. McDowell devut<Nl 
studied medicine for a time with his distinguished his energies to farming. He was a d.wout Chris- 
uncle, Dr. Ephrain. McDowell, graduated from the tia.t at.d an eld.T of th.. IMvshyl.-rian Church in CoHege of Philadelphia, pra.tised for a Danvilh', Kentucky, wimre he died. .Tttne 27, isr.r.. 
time w ith his renowned uncle, Dr. Ephraim, at at the rip(. of eighty-eight years. 
Danville, moved to Fincastle, Virginia, in 1819, Col. McDowell's wife was Sarah Twin- 

;i sister 


of till' wife of liis l.iM.llicr, Saiiuu'l. Their diildrcn Kc.will, i.f KciiliicUy, iiis]Miv<l l>v llic lectures of 

were as follows: 1. Siiiiiuel. wlio married, lirst, .lehii I'.ell, liis l(aclier in ICdiiilmriili, ])erfoniied 

Amanda Kali, and. later nn. .Mai-llia Hawkins; 2, ovarioKany. and (-(ail inniiii; lo ojterale willi sue- 

.\nna, \\\\i> married .\lirain I. Caldwell;."!. Sarah, cess (slablished llu |(ossiliilily of sariiieal iiiter- 

\\hi> married .Michael Sulli\anl, of <'olund)ns, firence. and fidlowcd in llie I'nited States by 

Oliio; 4. .>[ariiarel lr\ inc. who married . Joseph Snl- many olhers." Dr. .McKowidl op( rated tliii'leen 

livanl. iif Col and ins. ( >iiio, a yunni;cr lirothev of her i imes, and was successfnl einlil limes, as .Tolinston's 

sisler Sarah's Imshand ; and, .">, .Mat>(hilen, who Cyclopa'dia stales. When, afler sonu' years" . 

married Caleli Wallace, of Danville, Ky. silence, he linally made a ]iuldic re]iort of his sue- I 

ifi Mi'iiitAiM -ihe famous surgeon, and ihe cesses. Ilie i;rea( sni-i;cons of both America and | 

niiisi w iilely kmiwn memlier of his family — was tlie Europe discredited his statemi'iits. considevinii- j 

sixth sun (if .Indue Samuel .McDowell and his wife such results imiiossihle. He was assailed vii;ov- 

Mar\ .Met 'Iiihl;. and was liuiai in what is now Uock- ously hy Dr. .fames .Tohnson, tlie h'arned editor of 

hrid^i' ('nnnly, N'iruinia, Xo\cm1ier 11. 1771. In ihe Ijimdon .Medico-Chirnriiical IJeview, but Dr. 

!7St. when ciuly thirteen years old, he came with .lolinsou "li\-ed to ask ]»ar<lon of (Jod and Dr. ^le- 

liis parents ihrcuiLih ihe i;feat wilderness to Dan- Dowell ba- his nncharilableness." and in 1S27 eon- 

\ille. Ki III ucky. w here his early life was spent. He fessed I hat he was wront;'. ()f course, tlie siibseipieul 

was ediicaied there, and at Hardslown. Ky., and discoxcries in medicine and sur.iicr\'. and Ihe miilti- 

l.,e.\injit(ai. \a. Ilestiidied medicine at Slaiintou, plication of all mann(f(d' facilities in handlinji 

Viriiinia. under a Dr. 1 1 innplireys. a uradiiate of such cases have ji'r'^'ifl.v develo]ied and imin'oved the 

Edinbnri; rnixcrsity. Later, lie sjtent two years whole science of oyiuvcoloiiy, but the human race 

stndyiiii: iiHilicine i I7'.i:'.-1 7!)4 i at lOdinburii, where at lai'S'e, and woman in pavticnlar, owes Dr. ^Fe- 

he had as preceplur ami friend the ^reat siiriieon, Dowell a debt which can never be fully ]iaid. The 

.lolin r>ell. <Mi his return to America Dr. ^Fc- celebrated American siiriicon. Dr Gross, said: 

Duwell lic^aii practice at Danville, Ky. lie rose "ITad :\rcT)owell li\-ed in France, he would have 

Id pr ineiice and fame rajiidly. patients seekin;;- liccn el(>i-fe(l a member of the Iloyal Academy of 

his ser\ices frnm all parts of the South and West. Snriicry. received from the Kinjj,' the Cross of the 

It was in the year ISO'.l, when Dr. ^McDowell had Leoion of Honor, and obtained from the noveru- 

heen itraclisin- oidy twelve years, that he i)er- meiil a niaji'nifieeut reward — as an ackiiowled!.iiiient 

formed an (>]ierali(m iipnn the person <d' a .Mrs. of the sei'\ices he rendered his country, his jtrofes- 

Crawbird which m:irks a new epoch in siiri;vry — si(ui. and fellow-creal tires." .V handsome nionu- 

tlie successful remo\;il of an ovarian liiimn'. In meiit in his honor was creeled over his lirave in 

this operaliiMi he Mazed the way for the profession Danville by the medical profession of Kentucky, 

of all after years, fur he was \irtually withonl a 1 lis death occurred in 1S?>0. TTe was a man of com- 

uuide <a- a prci-ed(iii in I his difrnatlt and delicate mandino- ])resence, six feet hioh, florid complexion, 

undeitakiiiL:. He employed no aiKesI hel ics, and had black eyes, and of i^reat muscular jiower. 

no assistance, and yel his p:ilieiil made a com|dele Dr. ^fcDowcll chose for his wife Sarah, a datijih- 

recovery, and lived nearly a third of a cent nry there- ter of Coverma' Isaac Shelby, wlumi he married in 

after. The r.rilish Cy«lopa-dia I Ninth i:diidiuriih ISQ-J, and by A\honi he had the following children : 

Edition, \"olume X.XIl, paiic C.itO), which never (lis- 1. Caleb Walla<-e. who was nauu'd for the distin- 

plays any excess of zeal in pi-aisinu the achiev<>- ynished jud.iic of that nani(>. descended fr(an Mich- 

ments of wdikers in (he Xew Wiuld. in iliscnssing ael Woods's sister. IClizabeth, who was an aunt of 

alidimiinal siir-ciw ami the results -ained by ova- :>ra^(lalen \\' Is. Said Caleb AVallac(^ ;\[e- 

riolomy, has this to say: -In ISOli. I'.phraim :Mc- Dowell married a :\[iss TIall, of Shelby Ccmntv, 


Kentucky, and to Alissouri, where her, 1837. He was ,na .|..,.k of |{„.-kl.ri<lKo 

la- died; 2. Mary, who manied a Mr. Vouno- (N,„„,y al ih.. dal ' i.s ..r.aniza.iu,. i„ 1778 and 

of yiielhyville, Ky. ; S, a m-ond dauj-lder, held ih,. pnsi(i,.„ mnti uslv f.„. (in w.-arn IIIh 

whose name is not known to tlie writer, married a I „- was known as .MnllM-n-v Hill, mm uttraetive 

Mr. Deaderiek, of Tennessee; 4, a tlurd daughter place wsl of L.-xin.ii(o,.. Hh-vr,., were 

married Major David C. Irvine, of Madis.m hurn lo Andn-w an.l .Ma-daim. Two ofihe souk 

County; 5. a iourlli married Major Anderson, of ,|i,.,i j,, i„|;, ,Hy. Tli,. rld.'si dan-hlrr. S:,n.|,. niar- 

P.oyle Connly, an.l moved to Afiss.mri. ,i..,l Andrew .Moon.. An-Mhrr diMi;jhl-r marri..! 

(o) C.VLIT. AVall.^ce McDowKi.i, was tlie sev- „ .M,-. .\l,C;,n,,.lM.||. Tw Imt dau;:I,lers n.arri..l 

entli son nf .Tndi;e Samuel McDowell and Ins Venalde.s. V,.| .nioihrr marr .lud;.-.- Al.raliam 

wif( .Mary .Mc(dun-, and was horn Ajnij IT. 1774. Smith. A lilil, dan-hler of Amhvw ami Ma-dai.-i, 

II.. married a rehitive, Miss Elizahetli, llic dan-h- married .Major .lohn .Mcxandcr. of I.exJn-r Vir- 

ter of C(donel Joe :\rcDoweIl, of North Carolina, hy ojida, and their dan-htrr. A-ms. marrie<| ih.- hitc 

his wife, Margaret Moffett. 1. The only daughter if,. v. Dr. lieverly Turkrr l.neey. The oid\ sun <.f 

of Caleh ^^aIIa(•e McDowell and his wife, Eliza- .Vndrc w nnd .Magdalen who grrw lo maidiood was 

heth ( her name unknown to the wi'iter), nmrried a Saiimel .\I(l>o\\(ll K'lid. I Ir \\;is iln' hi^i lo l...;ir 

kinsman, Joseph Chrisman, Jr., of Jessamine tlie n;inic of Ins l;iinily owing lo liic ciirU dcjiili of 

County, Kentucky. The McDowells and Chris- all llncc of his sons .is well as hoih of Ins Im-oiImts. 

mans seemed to have intermarried for several gen- .Mr. Urid \\;is adjulaiM of die I'jfth \'ii-giiiia .Mill- 

(■rations aftei' the first alliance was effected ahoul tia in llic \\ni- of ISIl'. connnaudiil li\ Col. James 

the middle of the seventeenth ceidury, and the vv- .M(d >o\\ dl. He siu-ceedcd his fjiliier as chrk of 

suit is an unusual ciMnhination of connections and IJockhridgc ('oniily and Iidd llic position for 2." 

rcdationshiiis ^\hicIl might well confound anv hut yeai-s. lie was also llic cici-k of the < 'ircuii ronrl. 

the ]irofessionaI genealogist. coloncd of Ihe \'irginia inililia. and a iiirniiii'r of 

(111 and (j) S.VR.Mi and .M.vod.m.ex. twin cliil- the Virginia Legislature. I'ehriiary 'JL'. ISi'l. lie 

(lien of Judge Samuel ^McDowi'lI hy his wife, married Sarali Klizahelh Hare, hiiilt him a home 

.Mary McClung, were horn Oct oher i), 17.")"). Sarah in Lexington, which is still ilic ircnsin-cd posses- 

hecame the ( first ) wife of the Cah4) Walhnc, who, sion of his gi-.imlcliildicn. and dieil Sejdeinhcr 1.". 

in after years hecame one of the first three justices l.Stl!), honored nml respected l>y all who kin-w liiiii." 

of the Kentmdvy Court of Appeals. Dr. Whitsitt Samuel .M( Howell IJeid was of Seotch-H-isli 

hclieves that Caleh and Sarah were married in lilood, hut .Miss Hare, whom he married, was of 

March, 1774. He was 13 years her senior. Caleh Cavalii'r stock. Thus was hronghl ahoiil. in their 

AVallace was then a candidate for the I'reshyterian offspring, thai commingling of <pialiiies which, ac- 

ministry. and in < )ctoher of that year was ordained, cording to .Mr. •Inlin iMske. Ilie hisioriaii. lu'oduces 

and installed ]>astor of two churches in South Side, smli well-halanced characters. She was the 

Virginia, one of which ( Cuh Creek) was in Char- daughter of Dr. William Hordley Hare, of King 

lotte County, and the other ( Falling Kiver) only a and (,)iu(n County, who served his Slate in l.oili 

few miles distant. Sarah died in the early hlooin hranehes of the Virginia Legislainre. in turn. an<l 

of wouianl d, and left no child. Her twin sister, also in the Coiim-il of State. Dr. llan-'s wife was 

Magdalen, married Andrew Keid, :\Iarch 4, 177(), .Miss Elizahelh Cahdl, .laughter ..f Tol. Ni.-holas 

and remained in Virginia wIumi h.-r parents and the (\il)ell and Hannah Carringt.m. of Nelson County. 

rest of th.- .hihlren luove.l to s..uie years -Sallie irair." as Mrs. Keid was •■ailed, was a wo- 

lat(>r. Audr.'w K.-id was ..f S.^otch-Irish d.^scent, man of d.-ep piety, an.l rare heauty and retinenienf ; 

and was horn ]-ehruary 13, ITr.l. He died Octo- and she inlu'rited all the musical lalcnt of the 



CalH'Ils. It was wlicnslic ram. ■, a lit 1 1(> motherless -Mary (Polly) McDowell were the following : 1, 

girl, tn ihc Amu Siiiilh al Lexington, that Charles Thomas Marshall, who was bora July 14, 

sh.. w..n th.hrait of yonng ••.McDowell Kei.l." She ISOO, ami who lived ami died on his handsome 

was horn Angust T), 1800, ami died ou her thirty- i)atrimonial estate iu Mason County, Kentucky, 

ninth hirthilay. August r>, IS:?!). Of the seven whose wife was Jaue Luke, l)y whom he had four 

children l.orn to Air. and Mrs. Keid only two syns; 2, James K. Marshall, who nmrried Catherine 

reached mature years, viz. : 1, Mary Louisa, who Calloway Hickman, daughter of .Tohn L. Hickman, 

married -lames .Lines AN'liile; and •_'. Agnes. of IJourhon Couidy; 3, JLaria ^Marshall, who was 

(k| .Maimiia was the liiird daughter of horn in Masou County, Kentucky, July 20, 179.">. 
Judge Samuel .McDowell and Mary .MeCiiing. She and when only sixteen married hei- kinsman. James 
was- horn June 20, IKU), seventeen or eighteen Alexander Taxton ; 4, Lucy ^Marshall, who was horn 
A-ears before her parents minrated to Kentucky. in 17flr>, and in ISIS, married her cousin John ^Mar- 
In Oetohei-, 1 "SS, several years after the migration, shall, son of Captain Thomas ^Marshall; and 5, 
slie was married to <'oioiiel .\hraliam Ituford, who Jane Marshall, who was horn in ISOS, and in 1S24 
was at the Battle of I'oini I'ieasanl. in (»<lolier, married "William Starling Sullivant. of Columbus, 
1774, as a iieulenani in the ci)m|iaiiy of milit ia from Ohio. 

l*.edf(U-(l Connty. During the Kevolution he was (IT) JAMES McDOWELL was the second 
the Lieut. -Colonel of the Tenth Reginu'ut of Vir- child of Captain John ^McDowell and Magdalen 
ginia Militia, and look jiait in the affair at Wax- Woods, and was born at the Red House, near Fair- 
haw, Sonili Caioliiia, in .May, 1 7S0, where he lost field, Rockbridge County, Virginia, in 1739. He 
tlin-i' Inniihed of I lie four Inindred men of liis com- was the slicT-itT of his couidy ; and in 1771, the year 
mami al ilie hands of the IJrilisli I )ragoons under he died, lie was on his way to Richmond on business 
the blood ihiisiy Taileloii. Col. lUifcu'd and his connected with his office. Hence he lived to be 
wife .Mariha .M.Dowell had issue, as follows : 1, only about thirty-two rears old. He married IMiss 
Charles S. T?uford, who married, first, a daughter Elizabeth Cloyd, by whom he had six children, 
of (iov. John .\daii'. and, secondly, Lu<y Duke, His wife lived until ISIf). Their children Avere the 
dangliler of Dr. I'.asil Dnke and Charlotte .Mar- following: (a) S.\i!.\it, wlio married her ccnisin, 
shall; 2, William S., who married a daughter of yiajor -Toliu ^l(d)owell, a son of her uncle. Judge 
Hon. (ieorge KoherisoTi; and, I! .Mary, who married Samuel :M(l)owell. This couple had five children, 
James K. Duke, a hrolhei- lo the second wife of her who are mentioned where Major John McDowell's 
brother. Charles S. liuford. history is given, in brief, in its proper idace. (See 

(li .MAitv oi- I'oi.i.v was the youngest ilaugli- under the children of Judge Samuel McDowell and 

ter of .hnlue Samuel M.DowcIl and .Mary IMc- yfaiy .McClung.) (b) ELlz.vr.ETiT, who married 

Clung, and was hoin in L'ockhridge Connty Vir- Dnvid .McCavock, and with him moved to Nash- 

ginia, .lannary 11. 1772. In 17S4. she caine through ville, Tennessee. She became the materTial ancestor 

(he wilderness to Kenlncky with her ].arents. She of a most extensive and influential family, whose 

was a \\oni:in of deep piety, marked amiability, and representatives are to be found iu Tennessee to 

nnc.immon loveliiH'ss of j.erson. In ( )etober, 1704, this day occupying high social positions, (c) 

she married Alexander Keith ^Lirshall, who was .T.vMES (2dj was the youngest son of James Mc- 

the sixth son of Colonel Thomas .Mai'shall, of Revo- Dow(dl and Elizabeth Cloyd. He inherited the 

lutionary fame, and a ne|)liew of Chi.'f Justice fine estate left by his father (1771) and there 

:\rarshall. Col. Thomas .Marshall's wife, by whom spent his whole life. He was a colonel in the 

he had fifteen children, was Mary Kan(loli>h Keith. American Army in 1812, and won honor and fame 

The children of .Vlexander Keith Marshall and as might be expected of a McDowell. He married 

michap:l woods of blaiu taiik. 


Sarah Preston, tlu' (laughter of Colonel William 
Preston, wlio was the snrveyor of l'"'incastle ('ountv, 
and Avho Isad as his assistants and deputies John 
Fh)yd, John Todd, Douglas, Hancock Taylor, Uau- 
cock Lee, and otiu rs \\ ho sniM-ycd \ast tracts of 
laud in Kentucky for nuniei'ous settlers from 1773 
to 1785. Cohinel James M(d>o\\'ell and Sarali 
Preston had three <-liildreu : 1, Susan, wiio mar- 
ried Col. William Taylor, a lawyer of Alexandria, 
Virginia; 2, Elizahetli, who hecame the wife of the 
Hon. Thomas 11. Penton, so long kno\\ii as the 
U. S. Senator from Missouri. Thomas H. Benton 
and Elizaheth ^IcDowell Imd one daughter who 
married (ien'I Jolin ('. Fremont, and anotlier, who 
married Col. IJiclmrd T. Jacoh, of Kentucky. 3, 
James 1 3rd), the only son of James McDowell 
(2d) and Sarah Preston, was a mend)er of the U. 
S. House of Kepresentatives, then of the I^. S. Sen- 
ate, and lastly the beloved and distinguished chief 
executive of ^Ml■ginia. Covernor McDowell 
(James 3)'d ) was an ehxpu-nt oi-ator, and also a 
cogent reasoner. The lady he married ^^•as a ]Miss 
Preston, his tirst cousin, and a daughter of (Jeueral 
Francis Preston. Gen'l Preston's Avife — the 
mother of Governor McDowell's wife — was a 
daughter of the Col. Wm. Cami)l)ell who com- 
manded at the battle of King's ^Mountain. Sarah 
Preston, the wife of Gov. ilcDowell, was a sister 
of the wife of Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge, and 
of William C. Preston and Geu'l John S. Preston, 
of South Carolina. 

(Ill) SARAH, the only daughter of :\[agdalen 
Woods by Captain John .McDowell, her husband, 
nmrried Colonel <!eorge ^Nloffett, a soldier of great 
prominence in Virginia. Col. Green regards it as 
probable that this gentleman was a son of the Cap- 
tain John ]iIotfett who was among the Scotch-Irish 
settlers who at a very early day came into the 
Great Valley. Col. George :\roffett's mother hav- 
ing become a widow married John Trimble, the 
grandfather of Allen Trindile, Governor of Ohio, 
(xeorge Jloffett took an active iiart in the French 
and Indian wars and in many border encounters 
with the savages. In one of these conflicts his step- 

father was slain, and several members of his family 
were carried off by the Indians. George Jloffett 
promptly organized ;i company of men and pursued 
the savages; and having overtaken them at Kei'r's 
Creek, he attacked and defeated them, and rescued 
tlie caiitivcs. Among the men thus released was 
Janu^s Trimble, tlie Jialf bi-uthi r of .\loffett, and the 
father of Gov. Trind)le of Ohio. The mother of 
Col. ^Fotfett was Mary Christian, daughter of Rob- 
ert Christian and Mary Richardson, of Ireland. 
Col. Moffett was an active participant in the Revo- 
lutionary struggle, and saw service as a colonel at 
Ming's .Mountain, the Cowpens. and Guildford 
Court House. He was a friend and |)romoler of 
education, and was one of the fcmnders of the acad- 
emy at Lexington, which has grown to be Wash- 
ington and Lee University. 

Col. Ge(u-ge Moffett and Sarah :McDowell had 
eleven children, as follows: (a) ;\Lvi!(;ai!etta, 
who married hei" cousin, Col. Joseph ^McDowell, of 
North Carolina, who was a younger broth(>r of the 
Gen'l Charles McDowell who was the second hus- 
band of Grizelle (or Grace) Greenlee. The father 
of Col. Joseph and G(Mi'1 Charles IMcDowell was 
Jose](h ^IcDowell (senior), who A\'as born in Ire- 
land in 171."), and whose wife was Margaret O'Neil. 
The McDowells were Presbyterians, and the 
O'Neils were Catholics. Joseph [McDowell, Sr., 
and his wife, ;Margar(>t O'Neil, migrated to Amer- 
ica and settled iu the Valley of Virginia, near Win- 
chester, where Joist Hite had just made the first 
settlement west of the Blue Ridge. Here Col. Joe 
.and (ien'I Charles McDowell were born, the fornn^r 
in 1713, and the latter iu 17.")r). Josejih ^IcDowell, 
Sr., had a brother known as "Hunting John" ^Ic- 
Dowell, who came with him io Virginia, but who 
later moved on down into North Carolina (after 
1758) and settled on th(> Catawba, in a lovely spot 
which he named "Pleasant Garden." Not long 
after, Joseph McDowell Sr., followed him, and 
settled at a ]»lace called "Quaker ^feadows." There 
his sons grew to manhood. The exact relationship 
existing between these two brothers and the Eph- 
raim iFcDowell whose son John was slain at Bal- 


(.•(iiiv Kails by Indians, in ITIli, is not ccilainly as- men. look an active jiart in the coutlicts of liis day 

cortaiiialdc. It si-t-nis very likely they were close willi the Indians and the IJritish. lie also became 

kin. These North Carolina .McDowells were nieu iirominent in civil affairs. He died in 1795, leav- 

of courage and |.ali-iolisni, and bore an houorabh" lutx the followinu cliildren: 1, Col. James Mc- 

jiart in the IJevolntionary W-.w. .lose])h, Ji-., (who I>o\\cii. of Yancey County; 1'. John 3IcDowell, of 

later married Sarah .McDowell I when only twenty l.'iitherford County; :'>, a dauiihter, who married 

vears of aue. was nuijor of his br<ilher Charles's her c(uisin, Capt. Charles .AfcDowell, of Burke 

rii-'iiaent on tin' e.\iiediiion a.iiainst the Scotch County; 4, anoihev dau.nhter, who married her 

Tories. I'.esides liiis camiiaiun. lie was in many cousin Caleb 3IcDowell, son of Samuel ^IcDowcll 

oihers. .\l Kin-'s .Mountain he coninian(h'd the and .Mai'y McCluui;'. After the death of Major Jo- 

re'-imeiii fi-oui Itiirke and Kutin'rford counties, s<'i)h McDowell his widow ( ^lary iMoffett) married 

North Carolina. I.aier on, he was luouiineiit in Captain John Cursou, the noted Indian lighter, by 

civil affairs in his Si;iie, and also was ;i nieinber of wIkuu she had a munber of children : 1, Hon. Sam- 

the T^ S. Congress, lie died at his honu' at Quaker nel 1*. Carson, of I'.urke County, North Carolina, 

Meadows in ISOl. - wlio, in a duel at Saluda Cap, in 1S27, with a Dr. 

.\monu the children of Col. Jose]ih and ^lar- IJobert I', ^'ance, intlicted ujion the latter a wound 

garetta the following may be mentioned, viz.: 1, from (he effects of which Dr. A'ance soon after 

Ilnnh IIai-\ey, who mo\'eil to .Missouii. and there died. 

died in IS.'i'.l; •_'. Joseph Jeltei'son, who moved to (ei .M.\(;iiai.i:x. the third daughter of Sarali 

( »liio. and there becauH' a memlier of the r. S. Con- .M(J)owell by her husband Col. <!eorge Moffett, 

gress, and whose wife was Sarah .Mien ^IcCne, who luarried Janu-s Cochran, (ieorge M. Cochran, 

dauuhler of the K'ev. John .McCue, an eminent Pres- of Staunton, and James Coehrau, of Charlottes- 

byteriaii minister om'c paslcu- of Tiidding Spring ville, were their sous. 

Church. A'irgiiiia; :'., Sarah, who uuirried John (di Mai!TII.\. who married Captain T^ohert 

.Matthews and moved with him to Kayette County, Kirk, of the C S. .Vrmy. 

Kentucky: 1, .Margaret, w ho iKcaiue l he wife of her te) I'>i;iZ.\i'.io'l'ii, who married Jam( s .Miller, 

distant kinsman. (low .\llen Trimble, of Ohio; .1 the owner of a large iron works in Virginia. 

and (i, ('elia. and <"larissa, both of whom married (f) (ii:(ii;(ii:. Ji;.. who maified a .Miss (Jilker- 

distanl relatives, Clirismans, some of whose (h^- son, and mo\'ed to Kentnckv. 

scendants are to be found today in Jessamine (gi J.\mi:s, who married TTannah Miller, a 

Couidy, Kentucky, .\fter the tleath of Col. Jose])h sister of the gcTitlemau whom Elizabeth Moffett 

.McDowell at his home (''Quaker Meadows") his manied. Co]. Henry ^McDowell Moffett was a son 

wife, Margaretta, removed to Virginia, and then, of I Ins collide. 

later, to W Ifiud County, Kentucky, where she — . 

died in 1815. 

I III Maky. second daughter of Sarah :\IcDow- Skcttox Two— Tin.: noin.icxs. 

ell, bv her husbatid (Nd. Ceorge .Moffett, who— like Tt is not certainly known how long :Magdalen 

so many of her relatives— married her distant kins- Woods :\IcD(nvell remain<-d a widow after the 

man, a .Major Joseph :\l(Dowell, s(m of "Hunting liagie death of her first husband (Captain John 

Inhu McD,,wcIl." of Pleasant C.ardeii, North Caro- McDowell i, in December, 1742, but it was probably 

lina. This ".loe" was a first c.msin of the other about si.K (u- seven years. It is known that her 

Joe wlio married .Margaretta .Moffett. The Joe second husband, 15(mjamin Porden, Jr., died in 

who married .Mary Midfett was born at Pleasant 175a, leaving two dan.ghters whom Magdalen had 

Garden, February 25, 175S, and, lik.- all his kins- borne to him. Concerning this second husband of 



]\[ag(liilcu we liuve cousiik'i'ahle inforiiiatiou/' the 
more ]KTtiiK'ijt items of which will lici-c lie pre- 
scuti'd, witliout attciiiptiiig to indicate separately 
the precise autliority for each. Tlie reader will 
find aiiii)le warrant for what is given by consulting 
tlie autliorities referred to in Note il. 

Tliere is some difference of opinion as to the 
proper spelling of ^lagdalen's second Inishand's 
surname. AVaddell thinlcs the correct spelling is 
Borden. The town in New Jersey which was 
nametl for a mendjer of the family is spelled Bor- 
deiitown. Tlie ('entral Presbyterian for May 16, 
lllOO, conlained an interesting historical sketch of 
Timber Ridge Church ( 174(M!»00) l)y tlie llev. Dr. 
Henry Alexander White; and we Iviiow emmgh 
of that scliolarly divine to fi'el sure tliat he used 
great care, in tlie preparatiim of his slcetch, to give 
proper names exactly as tlie official records had 
them, in 1753, Timber Ridge made out a call for 
a pastor, and to that call, as it would seem, all the 
mem hers of tlie church signed their names. Among 
the signatures A\e tiud this one: "Magdalen Bor- 
den ( widow)." The orthography of tliat signature 
would seem to settle what that lady considered the 
proper s])elliiig of her own Christian name, as well 
as that of lier second husl)and"s surname. She 
was, beyond all reasonable doulit, a communicant 
of Tinil)er Ridge Cliurch from its organization in 
174(), to lier deatli in 1810 — a xieriotl of al»out sixty- 
six years — and even if some officer of the cliurch 
made (lie copy of the call and list of signers (which 
is still on record) we may assume that the name of 
a woman of her prominence and long residence in 
the immediate vicinity would be generally and ac- 
curately understood. 

1'k iijamin r>oi-dcii. Si-., the father of I he second 
husband of ^lagdalen, was the agent of Lord Fair- 
fax; and in 173(! he came across the colony from 
Williamsburg to pay a visit to John Lewis in the 
Great Valley. Borden was, so Waddell thinks, a 
native of New Jersey. He was a ratlier extensive 
speculator in wild lands. He bad |)focmiMl, in 
October, 1734, a grant of a tract of land in Fred- 
erick Countv from (iov. (io(;ch, and this body of 

lands is known in hisloiy as Borden's Manor. He 
also got a ])i(>iiiise of 100,000 acres of lan<l on James 
River, to the west of the Blue Ridge, as soon as he 
slumld locate one hundred settlers on the tract. 
I'eyton says Bordeu was an Englishman who set- 
tled in New Jersey and became a trader there, 
having come to .Viiieiica as an agent of Lord Fair- 
fax. While on a, visit to Williamsburg Borden 
met John Lewis, and made such a favorable 
impression on him thai Lewis invited him to come 
over to the Valley and pay him a visit. Borden 
accepted the invitation, and spent several mouths at 
Lewis's home, occupying much of the time in hunt- 
ing and fishing. While out on one of his excur- 
sions with the sons of Lewis, tlie party captured a 
butfalo calf, and when Borden returned to Wil- 
liamsburg he took this calf and presented it to Gov. 
Gooch as something quite novel to his excellency. 
Borden was evidently enterprising and shrewd, 
and he made that biilfalo calf do him much service. 
The Governor was so much pleased with Borden 
and his present that he ordered a patent to be made 
out authorizing Borden to locate 500,000 acres of 
land on the Sherando (Shenandoah) and James 
River west of the Blue Ridge. This large grant — 
known ever afterwards in history as "Borden's 
Grant" — covered a considerable part of what are 
now the counties of Rockbridge and Augusta. 
Beverly Manor, another famous grant, lay to tiie 
north of Borden's. The sole condition required of 
Borden in order to make his title good for this vast 
body of beautiful and fertile lands was, that he 
should, within the next ten years, settle not less 
than one hundred families on it. The date of this 
grant was about 173(5. Borden immediately set to 
work to induce settlers from Great Britain, and 
probably from Pennsylvania and other northern 
colonies, to locate on his grant in the Valley. The 
zealous efforts of men like Ilite and Lewis and 
Beverly and Borden to fill u]) the country with set- 
tlers on I heir resjiective tracts did more than any- 
thing else to hasten the o]K'ning ii]) of the Great 
^'alley of Virginia to civilization. Soon a vast 
tide of immigrants came ixiuring in, especially 


from tho Nortli of Ii-claiul, aii.l IVMiusylvaiiia, and in his absence, lie got liis patent for liis land No- 

an overwhelniini- proportion of these early settlers venilier S, ITol). 

were Sfolch-lrish I'reshyterians. I^ah r r.u. Ilciijainin J5orden, Jr., ram. iiHn Ihe 
Thi' lirsl ;;c(|iiainlan(c of .Magdalen Woods -Me- Mfaiil, and hoai'ded for a time at Tohn McDoweU's 
Kowell wilh aiiv lit ilie i'.ordens was in ihe tali ot liouse. lie came as his fallier's representative to 
17:57. when liii' .McKowells and (ireenlees were on complete titles and make deeds. "While there, of 
their wav lo some locality on the Sontli Fork of course, y.mniil'.orden came to know the McDowells 
the Shenandoah Uiver, intendiiiii lo settle there. well. He ret nrned to his father in New Jersey be- 
James .McDowell, brother to Captain John, and tore John M(d)o\\cll was killed. John McDowell, 
son of I'-idiraini, had, in the spring of that year, as already shown, was slain at Christ mas, 1742, and 
raiseil a ci-o|i of corn on the South I'ork of liie at the (lose of 1 74:!, the eldi'r I'orden died, leaving 
Shenandoah near Woods"s (iaji. When the Mc- rxnjaudn I'.m d( n, Ji-., his Ik ir-at la w, bi sides two 
Dowell jiartv hail reached Lewis's Creek, and were oilier sons, John and Joseiih, and several dangh- 
jnsl alioul making camp for the idght, l!enjauiin ici-s. Some time after the death of both John Mc- 
IJordeii, Sr.,came up an<l asked have to spend the Dowell and the elder Borden the latter's son, Ben- 
night there. I'.oi-den t(dd the .M(d •<)\\clls that he jainin IJoi-ib n, Jr., r.'tnimd Ic the grant, he being 
had a grant f(U' a large body of land on Ihe waters t hen. uun-e t lian cxcr before, deeply interested in the 
of James i;i\cr. and exiiibiled iloi-nuients which lands his father had owned. From old ?ifrs. Green- 
satislied the .McDowells lie was lelling the truth. Ice's account (found in her famous deposition) 
lie said he was at some loss to locate his lands e.\- it would a])]icar that the younger IJorden had not 
actly, aTid olfcrcd to give one thousand acres to uuide a ta\'orable impression on the McDowells, 
any one who should conduct him to the right s])ot. especially on ]\lagdalen. ^Irs. (ireenlee said he 
TI'cicn|Min .lohn McDowell — his wife .Magdalen be- -^vas not at all ]irepossessing, and that she consid- 
ing present with the couiiiany- -accepted his |iro]io- ered him (|uile illiterate. Bnt this estimate of the 
sition, and a written agreement was drawn np. man was com])let(dy changed. He not only became 
John .M( Dowell was a suiveyor, and of this fact he ])oimlar, but snch was his re))utation for integrity 

s isatislied r.ordeu. having his surveying iustru- that the saying "as good as r>en Borden's bill'' 

nicnis with him ; and be and i'.ordeu went in search passed into a proverb. It was not many years till 

of the locality the latter was seeking, and they he won the contidence and alfections of Magdalen 

f'lnnd it. It was soon agreed that the .M(d)owells ^IcDowcdl and made her bis wife. Their marriage 

should all settb^ in Koi-deii's (Irani, and the region must have occurred about the year 1748. .^lagda- 

thiy scbciid was near to where Lexington now bn was then about forty-two years old, and had 

stands, and in between the North and South Kivers, wilh her J(din McDowell's three children nanielv; 

which unite a few miles below Lexington and enter Samm I. Jann^s, and Sarah, whose ages varied from 

111-' James ai I'.alcony Falls, .lohn McDowell built fourteen to eight years, ifagdalen continned to 

lii^ '-^ddii at whal is called the Ked House near reside at the Ked Honse. In 17o:3, her husband 

i-"airlield. The .M.Dowells and (ireenlees were the died of smallpox, leaving an estate whi(h, in 

''"■^' I I'l'' "" >^f"'<' ill lliid Incalily. Uonlen re- that day, was considend very large. His younger 

mainci in ilie-rani tor about I wo y. ais oi- more buMlnr, Jose].li, came into the grant after the 

■""' ^'■'■iii'i''! 111!' I' lisiteouc Inmdr.'d settlers, and d<ath (J' Benjamin, Jr. Later on, he instituted the 

'"■"''■ - ''^ '■'■■'' ""■ I'liii' gnmlcl to him noted chaiHery suit I Borden vs. Bowyer) out of 

by (lov. (o.o.h. W ben Korden l.-fl ll„. s,.tllenH.ut whi<li grew other suits which have been pending In 

about til,- fall of 17::ii, Im committed his iulere.sis Augusta (Smnty nmrts for a century. After 

largely to lohu .\l.d)owell. wh,. attended to th.Mn the .hath of Ibu'd,..,, Jr., .Magdalen, bis wbh.w, was 



considerefl the wciilthicst woinaii west of the Blue 

By lier secoud husband Magdalen liad t\v<i eliil- 

(I) MARTILV BORDEX, livst chihl of Benja- 
min Borden, Jr., and his wife Mag(hilen, was prob- 
ably liorn at tlie Red House, Rockbridge County, 
Virginia, about the year 1750. Martha Borden 
became the wilV of Benjamin Hawkins, by whom 
she liad a nundier of cliildreu. (a) A daughter 
was Ixu'u to ^lartha and Benjamin who married the 
John Todd wlio fell at the Battle of the Blue Licks 
in Kentucky, (b) A daughter, ^Iagp-VLENa, was 
born to them who married Matthew Harvey, and 
had .Maria Hawkins Harvey, wlio married William 
A. McDowell. After the death of her first hus- 
band (Ben Hawkins) ^Martha Borden married Rob- 
ert Harvey, an older brother of tiie Matthew Har- 
\ ey who married her daughter ^lagdalena. 

(II) Magdalen had a second daughter by her 
second liiisband, Benjamin Borden, Jr., whose 
name was HANNAH. This daughter seems to 
have died in childhood, and slie was probably the 
last child her mother ever had. She was probably 
born about 17.52. It is known her father died of 
the smallpox in 1753. 

Skctiox Three — The Bow vers. 
Concerning the ibird marriage of Magdalen {nee 
Woods) not much is known. How long she re- 
nuained a widow after the death of Benjamin Bor- 
den, her second husband, is not known. It is 
known that Col. John Bowyer, who was her third 
husband, Avas a man of prominence in the Valley 
of Virginia. He was, as Col. (Jreen asserts, twenty 
years younger than Magdalen. This last matri- 
monial venture of ilagdalen's was probably not in- 
\ested with a great deal of sentiment on either side, 
and may not have had much to recommend it. She 
was, for that day and community, a rich woman, 
and blessed with the most remarkable vitality, and 
with decided force of character. Col. Green men- 
tions a "tradition," which nuiy have only a slender 

foundation, to the effect that .Magdalen had pru- 
dently made a marital settlement with Col. Bowyer 
before tlicii' man'iage, but thai he, by some means, 
managed to destroy it. .Mrs. (ireenlee, in her fa- 
mous deposition, says that Bowyer settled Borden's 
business after the latter died in 1753. Bowyer, 
she states, laid claim to all the lands Borden had 
owned, and sold ami gave away a great deal of it. 
]>ut we uuist bear in mind that .Mrs. Greenlee was 
the sister of Magdalen's deceased husband. Among 
the subscriptions to the salary of Rev. John Brown, 
pastor of Timber Ridge, in 1751, was that of a "Mr. 
Bo3'er" who gave twice as much as any other per- 
son named. It is e.xtreujely likely this subscriber 
was C(d. .John Ilowyer. In 17(13, we tind him a cap- 
tain of one of the companies of Col. Wm. Preston's 
regiment, raised to resist the Indians, some of 
whom had just devastated the Kerr's Creek neigh- 
borhood, and tilled the whole Valley with alarm. 
In January, 1781, we find him leading a regiment 
of IJockbridge men to Richmond to resist the in- 
vasion which was led by Benedict Arnold. When 
Augusta County was divided, by cutting off from it 
the greater part of its territory to create the county 
of Botetourt (in 17()9), we tind him constituted one 
of its justices, ^^'addell, Annals of Augusta, I'age 
ti(j, recites an entry fi'om the Diary of Rev. Hugh 
McAden, dated July 13, 1755, w liieli sets Col. Bow- 
yer before us in most enviable and agTeeable 
light. That he was not only an active and 
prominent citizen, and a Christian, but also a 
nuin who conuuanded the respect and good-will of 
the brothers and other relatives of Magdalen, his 
wife, seems practically certain, because he and the 
Woodses and Lapsleys were constantly associated 
together in going on each others' bonds, and in 
those acts of intimacy and good neighborhood 
which do not obtain where there is alienation and 
dislike. Magdalen's brother Richard was with Col. 
Bowyer on the first bench of gentlemen justices ap- 
])ointe(l for Itoletoui't County, and when his wife's 
brother, .Michael Woods, Jr., came to write his last 
will in 177(!, he names this brothei"-in-law one of 
his executors in terms which imply not only affec- 


tiouate rcfrard, hut perfect eoiifidence. In view of \V«(m1s"s (Icscciidimts, wlio has prol.ahlv expeuded 

all these facts il would seem hut reasoiiahle and nioi-e lahoi- in elforts to ohtain full iufonuatiou oou- 

charitahlc ro withhold daniaiiiiijn crilieism of Vo). ceniinii his Woods aiu-estois llian any otlier per- 

Uowvct's .hai-acter and (•(.mlucl and he williuii- to sou. In liis skc Idi Mo l)e fr-uud in I'ail ill of this 

iielieve thai auv diriVi-cuces which may have arisen Nohime) llie reader will lind a uumliei- of iuterest- 

l)etween Inm and his wife were only such as often iuii' details wliicji (\>\. Wnods informs the writer he 

exist helwcen hiuh spirited Inil iionorahle partners, lias lial hered from various sources.aiid for theaceu- 

and which do not ari-iie either heartlessiu'ss or d is- racy (d' which he vdiiches. 

honestv. In truth, there is nothinj;- certaiuiy ^\'illiam Woods was a youth of about seventeen 

known concerniiiii their relations to reipiire us to «heii his parents migrated to America, ])rovided 

helieve thai there I'ver was any dinVrcnce or uu- the author's calculations and conclusions relative 

pleasantness lictween .Maiidalcn and her third hits- to the dat<'s of tlu' more imjKirtant events in the 

hand.'' Thev evidently had no children as (he liist(U'y of the remoter \Voudses are snhstant ially 

fruit i>( IhiMi- itnion. correct. It is assumed that he spent ten years of 

Mandalen Woods, the tirst child of Michael of his life in the colony of I'ennsylvauia — 1724 to 

IJlair I'ark and .\lar.\ Campliell. Ii\cd till 1810. it 1734 — and then came to \'irjj,iuia. I?efore misirat- 

is said, atlainiu!! the reni;iikalde ai^c of 101 years. inji' to the latter colony, however, it is conjectured 

She was (UK' of (he pioueei-s of the N'alley of ^'ir- that he had nmri-ied Susannah Wallace, his first 

MJiij;!, ;|ii,| iiiie ol' the foiinilcis o f Timhei- Kid.ue consin (his f;ith(i-"s ni( (•( ) sa\', ahotil 17;!l', when 

('hurdi. 'riiere are prolmlily now livinii' several he was aliout t wenty-fixc, and she was about one 

thousand pers(uis in whose \cins her blood is cout's- year youni;cr than himself. It would be most rea- 

in^'. Iler ashes I'eposc. almost cerlainly. in (he sonable to su]»])ose Ihat William ami his wife ac- 

Timber K'iduc < 'luirch ^'ard waitiuL;- for that last ccm];ani( d his part nts when, in 17.'!4, they came t(! 

tall which will snmnion the ilead to rise to die no N'iriiinia, but some of his descendanis belie\-e jhat 

niiu'c. The sources of infortnat ion com-ernin^ her he did not leaxc l*euus\ I vania till .Mar(4i, 1744. 

ch;irnclcf ;ind life are so meaiici' Ihat oidy the ^\'lIen he d id migrate he set t led at the eastern base 

dimmest luitline of her picture can be discerned, of the I'liie IJidlic near Woods's (lap, in what is 

luit she has left her impress <ui some of the worlhi- now Albem.irle County, 

est characters that lia\(' adorned the history of our ^^'illiam Woods (L'di. the lirst son (sf .Michael 

common country, and we have i;iiod reasons for be- .•iiid .M;iry. sm-ceeded his father as the owner of the 

lic\iiiL; that she was a child of (!od, ;ind that, as old \V Is honiesteail, '•.Mountain Plains, " after- 

sii(4i, she has inherited the life e\ crlasi in-;-. wards called I'.lair I'ark.'" The date of this change 

of owiuu-shi]! is unknown to the jiresent writer. 
\Nilliam (I'd \ was nol very .successful in the man- 

^^''" l':i^'" li 1 reasons U>v believing; thai the sec- aiicment ni' his estate, it would seem, as -we lind 

ond child (and lirst son i of .Michatd W Is by his him mortgaiiinii his pro](erty, first, to Thomas 

wife, .Mary Campbell, was their son W illiam, who Walker, and a-ain, to some men over in the Valley, 

was probably born in Ireland in the year 1707. .amonii- them beim; his bi'other-in-law Col. Tohn 

Conceruin- him the author has no( been able to I'.owyer, and his neiihew Sammd .McDowell, 

ohtain many items nf ])ositive inftUMuation. The The oflicial records of the cobmy for the 

few details whidi he has -atliered lot;c(lier frtnn year 1758 show Ihat ho had been a lieu- 

S(Mirces deemed reliable will here be presenled, Imt t(-nanl of the Albemarle .Militia."' At least 

the reatler is respectfully rererred to (he sketch of (here was in Albenmrle a William Woods who, in 

Colonel Charles A. \l. W.mmIs, <nie of William : hat year, received pay as a commissioned officer, 

H— WILLI. \.\l WOODS c'd ). 

aiul we know of no otlicr person of tliat ikuiic wlio 
at that (late was old cnouuli to lie a soldicv. Wil- 
liam ^^'oo(ls (oil), often called "Beaver ("reek 
Billy," ^vas his son, lint in 17r)S he was only fonr- 
teeii years ohl. In 1773 ( or 1774 ) we And William 
Woods (I'd) nuikinji' sale of the old homestead 
(Mountain Plains), he beint; at that time a citizen 
of fincastle (\mnty. In ohl .Michael's last will, 
written in 17(;i, >Villiam is expressly mentioned, 
hnt we know of no certain means of (letcriiiiniug 
wJK llier or nol he remained in AUk marie until 
aft( r the death (;f (;ld .Michael, which occurr( d in 
17G2. The fac-simile of his receipt, ^iven July 1"), 
1707, to he found in this v(dnme, seems to prove lie 
was then livini;' in .Vlhi niai-le. >\'h( n ^^'illiam <lis- 
])(is( il of the old homestead in 177o (or 
1774) to Tliomas Adams, of An^'usta <'ounly. he 
took care to reserve the right of ingress and egress 
as to the old family hnrial-gronnd, and to i)rohihit 
any one from ever cultivating the grounil witliin 
tluit enclosure. This secures the preservation of 
this sacred jilot of ground, to some extent ; hut un- 
less it shall, in the near future, he enclosed with a 
substantial iron fence and otherwise cared for, the 
)U'obabilities ai-e that the graves of the older 
Woodses will soon be utterly obliterated. For 
about a thousand dollars a suitable monumeiit and 
iron railing could be ](r(n'ided, which would last for 
generations; and when we consider what a uiulli- 
tudc of the descendants of Jlichael \\'oo(ls of Blair 
I'ark arc now living, and ho\\- many of them are 
lih'ssed with a considerable share of worldly goods, 
it will be no small reproach to the "Woods Clan" 
if that sacred l)urial-plot is much longer allowed 
to remain in its present shabby and neglected con- 

^^'illiam Woods (I'd) seems never to lia\'c ha<l 
any other wife than Susannah \\allace, and by hei' 
he had tcu children, as fedlows:''" 

(I) ADA.M, who luarried .Viiua Kavcuaugh; 

(II) MICHAEL (3d), of whom lillle is 
known ; 

(III) PETEB. who married Jael Kavenaugh ; 


(IV) JOHN (3(1), who uiarried Abigail Es- 


(V) ANDREW (:?d), who married Hannah 

(VI) ABClllBAM) (I'd), who married :\Iemrn- 
ing Shelton ; 

{VII ) WILLIAM (3el), kue.wn as "Be-ave'r 
<'l-ee'k Itilly Weioels"; 

(VIII) SARAH, wlie. married a .Mr. Shirkey; 

(IX) SUSAN, eif whemi neithing is know n ; anel 

(X) ;\IABV, who nuirried George Davidson. 
Dr. Edgar \\e)e)els state-s that all e)f the before- 

memtione'el children eif AVilliam (I'd) and Susan- 
nah, with the exception e)f William ( 3il ), emigrated 
to Kentueky; anel that from thence some of them 
went te» Te-nnesse'c, and eithers te) .Misse)uri. Dr. 
"Weioels is also of the' eiiiiniou that three of the sons 
we-re- Baptist pre'aehers, namely; Adam, Peter and 
Anelrew (3d), thcnigh there may be some question 
as te) whe'ther this is correet as respects Adam." 

( I ) ADA.M W( )nns, t he' first named of the ten 
chileli-e'ii of ^^■illiam ( 2il ) auel his wife Susannah, 
was jirobably born in Albe-nuirle Cemnty, anel peissi- 
bly about the year 1742. If he were the first born 
(hi lei of his parents, anel his pare'uts married abeiut 
(we) years before the migration of the \\'oodses and 
AN'allaces to Virginia, as has been conjecture'd, then 
William and Susannah had no children until about 
ten years after the-ir marriag(\ It nmy be, how- 
eve r, that \N'illiam did nol mai'ry till about 1740, 
when he was thirty-three years old ; but we are left 
xt'vy largely to mere conjecture anel guessing in 
i"esp(x-t to most of the de'tails relating to his life>. 
The ine'vitable re^sult is that we find his lineal eh'- 
scendants of I he ])resent generation entertaining 
widely divergent theories in re'gard to some of the 
ste])s in his career. These', he)we've'r, re'late to mat- 
ters about which eliffe'rene-e's of opinion do Tutt im- 
pugn the general accuracy of the narrative'.''^ 

Whatever may have been the date of the marriage 
of his parents, eir eif their migi-atioii lo \'irginia, 
it is certain tliey had .n son namcel .\dam, who was 
probably boiii about 1742. Dr. Edgar \Ve)i)ds says 
he became a Baptist pi-eachcr, but Col. Chas. A. R. 



'\\'(>(i(ls ( in liis sketch to 1)(» found in Part III of Jael Kayeuaugh, sister to the ^vife of his brother 
this wiiric) speaks of him as solilier and a man of Adam. lie had probably .seltb'd in Keutoeky be- 
huge lan(h'd eslales, neither of wiiicli conditions fore Ins jnarriage occurred. Born aud reared a 
are t'linnd to be true of liie average |)reaclier tiien strict Presbyterian, he became a I!a])tist and en- 
ornuw. Adam migrated to .Madison County, Ken- tered tlie ministry of that Chiircli. In ISOS lie 
tiicky, |irnli;d)ly attei- the close uf ilie Kevolution, m(»\-ed to Tennessee and in ISllI to ('<ioper County, 
for it seems he ac(|nire(l a farm there in December, .Missduii. lie was active in evangelistic work, and 
17S1. lie married .Miss .Vnna Kavenaugh liy was |irominent in the large denomination to which 
whom lie had a family of leii children, as follows: he went from the Church of liis fathers, lie was 
(a), Wn.i.iAM (4lhi. who marrie.l Susan I!. a useful and earnest servant of Christ, and is re- 
Clark; (III, rATiiicK. who maiTied, first, Pachel mendiercd, es]>ecially in .Missouri, with admiration 
Cooper, and, second, I'rances Dulaney; (c), by all who know of his life and laliors there. lie 
AU('iiii!.vi.i) (odi, who married his cousin, left a large family, but uidortunately the author 
.Mary Wallace; id i, .Mkiiai:!, (4th ), who served in has not lieen able to jirocure their names. 

Col. Slaiightei-"s regi nl of Kentucky mounted (I\'i .TollX WOODS (odi was a sen of >Vil- 

men in the war of ISIJ, and was never nmrried ; liam W Is ( I'd t and Susaunah Wallace, and was 

(e), Pi:Ti:it. who mo\(d from .'ventucky to Clay probably liorn in .\lbemarle Couiitv, Virginia, 

f'onnly. .Missouri, in ISI."., and here reared a large about IT.'.l. There he resided till the migration of 

family; ifL-loiiN Cidi, who migrated to Cali- the family to .Madison Ccmnty, Kentucky. He 

foiMiia after the .Mexican W-.w. being a ].hysician; nmrried Abigail Estill, the daughter of Captain 

(gi. Hawaii, who maiiied Colonel I'.arbe d. James Estill who built the foi-t in :Madis<ni County, 

Collins, she being his second wife; and a cousin to Kentucky, \\hi(h bore his name, and who was slaiu 

his first wife; I hi, Anna, who married a ^ir. by the Indians. John Woods had taken an active 

IJrowiie in Kciilmky pi'ior to the removal n( the 
family lo .Missouri in iSl.'); i j), Srs.vx. who mai'- 
ried Colonel Mullins ami moved to California ; and. 

pai-t in the IJexolutionai-y W'ai- jirior to leaving Vir- 
ginia, and had reiidei-ed gjillant service against 
the Indians. In iSdS, he. in com]ianv with three of 
k), SAi.i.iK. who married Jmlge Austin Walden. ,,i, |,,„t,„.,s (Anhibald, Peter ' an.l Andrew 

\\'(!(!ils| moved to Tennessee. In that State he died 

of .Missoui'i. 

.\dam Woods died in liowai'd ('ounty, .Missouri, 
in ISL'C. at the age ot eighty-foui', while on a visit 
to his relatives, and was there buried. His wife 
had died many hefore he passed away. 

I II ) .MICHAEL WO(H)S I4th| was a son id" 
William Woods i I'd i and Susannah Wallace. He 
is supposed lo have been born in .Vlbemarle County, 
\'irgini;i, in ITIC. It is thought he was a Kevolti- 
tionai-y soldier, and thai he migrated to Kentucky 
lowards the (dose of the cighleentli century, and 
died ihei-e. Kittle seems lo 1h> known (>( him. 

( 111 ) PETEK WOODS was a son of William 
(I'd I and Susannah Wallace, and it is said he was 

in iSl.'). He left a family of children, but their 
names are not known to the writer. 

(V) ANDREW \V()ODS (3d) was a sou of 
William \\(.ods (I'd) and Susaunah Wallace, and 
was probably born about the year 1747, and in Al- 
bemarle County, Virginia, lie married .Miss Han- 
nah Peid (d' the Valley of ^'irginia, a distant kins- 
woman, but his wife ne\-er Iku'c him any children. 
He was reared, as all his father's family had beeu, 
a. Presbyterian, but like his lirother Peter he 
changed his views of the (udinaiiee id' ba]itism, and 
united with the Baptist Church, and became an ac- 

born in N'irgiuia in 17(;-', and died in Cooper five ju'eacher of that denomination. He lived for 
County. Missoiiii, in ISlT). In 1 7SL', when «ome years in :Madis(>n County, Kentucky, and in 
only a liiile paNt iweiily years (d' age. lie married ISOS. along with his brothers I'eter and Johu and 


Ai'cliiliald. moved to Teuuessee whfiv he died iu wliich robbed liiiii of the fruits of his lalxir, dis- 

]^S15. iiusted liiiii willi Keidiicky for tht' time, and he 

(VI) AU('liir>ALl) ^VOODS (I'd I was Ihe thereiiiioii mi.nraled, in ISdU, to Williamson 

I sou of William Woods (2d) and Susannah Wal- ("ounty, Tennessee. There his wife died iu 1817. 

' lace, aud is said to have been boru iu Albeuuirle Not long after her death he uuirried a Miss Dorcas 

Couuty, Virginia, January 21), 171!>. This mem- Henderson, aud lived for a time in Franlclin Coun- 

ber of the family was one of its ablest represeuta- ty, Tennessee. This second marriage proving a most 

! fives, and was for many years prouiininl in Ihe unhappy one, a separation occurred, aud in 1S2(» 

i earlv period of the history of .Madis(ui ("ounty, he returned to .Madison ("ounty, Kentucky. In 
Kentucky. He was, it would seem, of a somewhat 1833, when eighty-four years old, feeble aud about 
restless temperament, judging by the several moves stripped of all his property, he sought a pension 
he made. In 1774, he moved to :^^onroe r<uinty, from the T'uited States (Jovernment on account 
Virginia. In the fall of 177(1, we find him a cap- of his valuable services in Ihe Revolution, and he 
tain of Virginia militia in an expedition against was promptly pensioned ;it the rate of -flSO.OO a 
the Indians for ihe relief of Fori Watauga, in Ten- year, begiuuiug with .Mai'ch, 1831. The al'liduvils 
nessee. Col. Iiussell commanded this expedition. he made in securing this pension furnish many of 
("aptain ^\'oods was constantly in service against the facts now presented herein. He died Decem- 
the Indians and I'.ritish till the surrender of Corn- her 13, 183(i, iu his eighty-eighth year, at the home 
wallis in October, 1781. In December of that year of his son Archibald, and was buried in Madis(m 
he visited Kentucky, aud in 1782 he brought his (bounty. Colonel Charles A. R. Woods, of Nor- 
family to JIadison County. In 1784, he purchased borne, jMissouri, who is a descendant of Archibald's 
a farm on Dreaming Ci'eek, aud there he built brother Adam, jiaid a visit to Madison County last 
Woods's l''ort or Station, and made his liome there year (1903), and made diligent search foi- Arclii- 
for about t weuty-five years. His tirst farm was on bald's grave. Several old burial-grounds were ex- 
I'nmpkin Run, a tract of one thousand acres of ex- amined without success, but tinally his grave was 
cellent land, for which he paid Captain Estill "one found at the old (Joodloe place, about three and a 
ritie gnu," as he testified, in after years, under oalli. (|uarter miles from Richmond. The tombstone was 
It is needless to remark that there are no bargains lying under six or eight inches of grass and soil, 
exactlv like that one now to be had near Richmond, but the inscription was clear and complete. The 
Keutuckv. When .Madis(ui County was organized Couuty of Madison, wilh whose early history Arch- 
in 178.1 ("ajitain Woods and nine other men were ibald Woods was so intimately connected, and his 
commissioned "(ieutlemen Justices of the I'eace" numerous descendants, should see to it that his last 
by Ciov. Patrick Henry. He was a magistrate in resting place is properly marked and duly cared 
179S, when I lie icnKival nf the county seat of Madi- for, for he was one of Kentucky's worthiest 
son from .Milford to Richmond was decided. He pioneers. From him aud Mourning Shelton has 
jiresided ovei' Ihe court when Richmond was named descended a long line of judges, statesmen, soldiers, 
aud made the county seat, was made one of its tirst lawyers, and fiuanciei-s. 

trustees, and in 1801 was chosen to be the sheritT By his wife Mourning Shelton Captain Archibald 

of his county. His life was greatly end)ittered by Woods had a family of ten children. His wife 

a long aud vexati<ms law-suit which resulted in died Septendier 7, 1817. I>y his second marriage 

depriving him of his farm on Dreaming Creek he seems to have had no issue.''-' 

where he had lived about a quarter of a century. (a) Li'CY, their eldest daughter, was burn 

This decision, which seems to have turned upon a October 25, 1774, ;ind married Colonel \\'illiam 

mere technicality of the Kentucky Land Law, and Caperton I)ecend>er \'A. 1790. She had by him the 


followin-childivn, towit: 1. Aivl.ihal.l ; 2, Ilnsli ; Arclubald Woods ( ->d ) and ^[onruiiig 8heltoii, 

3, Thomas Slicllon; I. William II.. wlio iiiaiTicd was boni FHirnai-y lit, ITS.J, aii(l marritMl Elizabotli 

Eliza Estill; r,, (Im-n; (I, Jolm. Ihc laihci- of l>r. Shacklcford OctoluT 10. ISIO. He resided ou a 

A. C. Capertoii. a Haptisl minister »f Lonisville. line lilmyrass farm l\v(; mihs east uf itirliniond, 

Kentnekv; 7. Andrew; S, llulda, who married An- Kenlueky, and was one of the earliest practitioners 

drew \\'iiuds, her ciinsin; It. Susan, wlm man-ied of law at the Kichmond har. The only issue of this 

\\allace Wilson, and Id. .M ilton T., a I'.aptist min- marrhige was a dau.nhter, Martha, who married 

ister of Austin, Texas, tiow li\in<i at I he advanced .Tames M. E.still, of Madison County. Kentucky, a 

a"-e of ninet v-three. ("ol. William ('a|ierion with itrandson of the noted pioneer. Captain James Es- 

Lucv his wife mi.urated lo Tennessee in IS12, and lill. In IS.")!), Arrhiliald (Ml) and his son-in-law 

Iheir di'scendauls are mainly scattered llirounh the Tames M. I'^still went to California overland across 

Sonih and South west. the plains. Estill's wife, Martha, and their chil- 

|hi Wii.iiAM (.'.ihi. Iheir second child, was dren, followed him in 1S."1, going by way of the 
born .March I'L', ITTii. and manied .Mary Harris Isthmus of I'anama. In this arduous journey they 
.Tanuar\ K'., I.sOl'. He died Inly S, 1S4(), and she were safely couilncted by their faithful slave. Jor- 
died -l.inimry IT. I.^;!."<. They left Ihe following dan, and the party crnssed the Isthmus on mules, 
children, lo w ii : 1 . Nancy, who was born -lanuary Instill rose to ]U'ominence in California, and was 
L'l. lS(i:'.; L'. .\rchilinld i lllii. who was born Feb- elected to the State Senate. A few years later botli 
I'uarv I'd. jM) I. and married Sallie C. Ca])erton ; o, Archibald \\(!im1s (Md) and his son-in-law. Instill, 
Semiramis Shelioii. who was born Sept(Mnber 1. died in California. Mi-. Estill was a gentleman of 
ISO."), and mairicd -lohu .M . Kavenaugh Heceudier Inillianl gifts, and took a jxisition in the best ranks 
10, IS-Jl'; 1. laicy. w li(. was licin 1"( brnaiy L'l.', ISOT; nf society. .Tames .\!. Instill and .Martha Woods 
."), .Moiiiiiiiig. who was boiai (Ictolier (i. ISOS; (5, left five daughters and a son, as follows : I.Eliza- 
Thomas llari-is. who was born August 31, ISIO, beth, who niaia-ied, in ('alifornia, \Mlliani !». (iar- 
and niairicil .Vppelinc .Miller; 7, Kobei't Harris, rison (son of ('onnnodiu'e (iarrison, a millionaire 
who was born .May ■_".!. IMl'; S, William Crawford, of New York City) and had three children. The 
who was born .\pril I. islt, ;nid married Sarah tirst of these three children of A\'illiani K. Uarrison 
Ann r.oyce; ii, .lohu Christopher, who was born and TOlizabeth Est ill was .Minnie, who married Gas- 
I'^'bruaiy s, IS] 7; 1(1, .Mary .\nn, who was born t(Ui I )e Chandon. of I'rance, and now resides at 
t'ebi-nary I'd, ISlil, and married .lohn .M. .Miller; Nice; the second was lOstill, who married Charles 
and 11. .lames (loodloe, who was boi-n I'ebruary K'amsey (uncle to the ju-esent Ivirl of Halhousie) 
2, 1S28. and niaiaied Susan lane lloyce. and now i-esides in F(unl(Ui; and the third was 

((•) Sts.\.N.\.\ii. the (bird cliild of Archibald ^^■illiam ( iarrison, . I r.. who married Catharine Cim- 

Woods (2d I, was boin .Iniie 1.'!. I77S. and mari'ied dert ( Fro Coudare I daught<'r of Frederick li. Cou- 

William (ioodloe February 2:'., 17'.m;, and died Oc- dert,the eminent lawyer of New York City, recently 

tober 2, lsr>l, leaving thirteen children. deceased. :\[rs. :\[artha Woods Instill, only daugh- 

(di .M.\i;v. (he fonrdi child of .\ichil.ald t( r of Archibald Woods ( :'.d ) and Elizabeth 

\Yoods ( 2(1 I and .Mourning Shelion, was born .Tuly Shackelford, and widow of .Tames ;M. Instill, is now 

:H, ITSd, married llarbce Collins .Tune 2r>, 17!l."), and living, at a very advanced age. in New Y'ork City 

died .Tuly 2:!. ls22. with her daughters. The second child of James M. 

<'•! S.\i:.\ii. (lie titdi child of .\ichibald Estill and .Alartha Woods was Josephine; the third 

>\'oi>ds ( 2(1 I and iloniadug Sliel((ui, was born Jan- was ilartha, who married W. W. Craig; the fourth 

nary .31. 17S:{. and died .\|uil l'l. I7S5. was Kodes; the fifth was Florence; and the sixth 

(f| .Viaiiic.Ai.n (;;di, (he sixdi child of was Maud, who nmrried 1 )ana Jones, of California. 


(g) Anna, the sevciilli cliild of Aicliihald i^i-cat-^i-aiKlsdiis of .Midiacl of I'.lair I'ark — came 

Woods (2d) and .Mourniuii SIk lion, was born n|)<)ii the slagc, hcsidcs William I Ik sinv(y<ir, called 

January I'T, UN", and married Thomas 11. Miller "Surveyor ^Villianl AVoods." The result was that 

July -!!), 18U(J. the individual now under consideralioti, (wlio was 

(h) Thomas, the eiiilitii child of Archihald I Ik son of \\'illiam I'd and Susannah W'allactM, be- 

Wooils 1 2d) and his wife jMourninij, SheUon, was cause his hona' was mi Beaver Creek, canu' to he 

born May 5, 1TS!», and died October 2;», 1806. known as "I'.eaver Ci-eck Billy."' The relief, how- 

(j) Ann, tlie ninth child of Archiliah) ^^'oods ever, was bill temporary and ]iarlial, lor ''Iteaver 

(2d) and ^lournim; Shclton, was horn and died Orcck \Villiaiii \\'oo(ls'" was so unforlunale as to 

^lay 15, ITitl. have named one of his own sons William; and as 

(k) MoruNixc;, the tentJi and last child of this son lived on Beaver Creek witli his father, he, 

Archiliald "Woods (2d) and jMourninji' Shclton, in the course of time, had to be dublied "Beaver 

was born April 2, 17!I2, married (iarland .Miller Creek William The Second." Then another 

Jaiinary IS, ISIO, and died Se])tenilier 7, 1S17. grandson (d' (dd .Michael, named \\illiam, came into 

(VII) WILLIAM WOODS iltd), son (d' \Vil- iirominence, (hereby increasing the com])lications 
liam Woods (2d) and Susannah \\'allace — known which already were enough to try the jiatienoe of 
for many of the later years of his life as "Beaver (he community. This last mentioned gentleman 
Creek William Woods The First" — was horn (ac- became a prominent, minister of the Baptist 
cording to Col. Charles A. R. Woods) in Albemarle Church, and a man of influence in Albemarle; and 
County, Virginia, Deceudier 25, 1744; but accord- in sheer desjieration his friends began calling him 
iiig to ;\rrs. McChesney (ioodall he was born De- "Baptist AN'illiam ^^'oo(ls."" There still remained 
oember 31, 1744, near the iiresent town of West several other uk n of the saiiK' name in Albemarle, 
Chester, I'ennsylvauia. and lirought to Albemarle and c(!ntignous counties, fi.r w Ik. m im such familiar 
County, Virginia, the ilarcli follow ing.'"' The ai)pellatives were invented, and to several of them 
Jicw Dr. Edgar Woods, who resides in Charlottes- we shall lie compelled t(( refer in this narrali\e. 
ville, Virginia, and has given very careful attention William \\'(!ods ("Beaver Creik r>illy'" ) (3d) 
to these <|uestituis, iiositively states that \\'illiani was a /jealous Presbyterian, and a leading 
\\'()i(ds ( od ), long known as "Beaver Creek Billy,"" member of the ^louidain I'laiiis Church, lie 
died in lS3(i, at the age of ninety-two, making the was a man of tine sense, natural leader- 
year of his birth 1744 ; but he gives no opinion as ship, and excellent character. lie displayed 
to tlie ]ilace of his birth, or the date of his coming some little eccentricities of mind and manner which 
to Virginia. The present writer has no docu- caused him to lie well known in all the region 
iiH'utary evidi-nce at liand to warrant positive an- inmiikI about. He took a special interest in his 
sertions on this ]ioint, but he decidedly iiu lines to Church, and exercised over it a sort of ](aternal 
the view that Beaver Creek William \\()iids was guardianship. He would not hesitate to utter his 
born in Albemarle, and that his jiarents came tln-re disapproval of what he conceived to be a pernicious 
in 1734, with lilair Park Michael. sentiment from the lips of the preacher in the pnl- 

The William Woodses came to be so nuiiK'rous in pit by giving audible dissent from his place in his 
Albemarle that something had to be done to con- iiew. ^lany a time, when he thought the preacher 
^■elliently distinguish them from one another. The was missing the mark in some of his statements he- 
William "Woods, who was the son of A\'illiam 2d fore the assembled congregation, he ^^•olI]d shake 
and Susannah A\'allace, gradiially dev(do]ied into a his head, and say, aloud, — ''Not so, sir; not so." 
conspicuous personage in his county; and then "Tis said he was very tall and handsome, and of 
several other William Woodses — grandsons and graceful manner; and in his latter years, he wore 


liis-niv hair Imm. an.l .(iiiihcd straiiilit hack Iroiii ilic ni( .c of llic Jaiinau wIkisc iiaiiu- sui)i.laiitc.l 

liis line rnivhcad. All in all. he iiiiisl liavc hccii a ilial i-A Wdnds U<v llic^aji in (|ncsli<»ii bcraiiica 'Slvs. 

iMusI iiiliM-cstiM<: ant! iiini|iic iliaraclcr in liis day, ^^■^()ds.''■ We knew not hi iiij, of I lie date of the birth 

and il scciiis a .ureal pilyllial we have no poi't rait of Ihis William Woods (4lh), hut wc know 

of hiiii. To he alilc lo ix-.v/A' upon a .udod like- lie died in ISi".), leaving- the folhiwing oliil- 

ness of his face would cari-y us hack to lii' N'ir- drcn: 1. Janies, who inari'ied Mildred Jones, 

ginia of a century ago. willi iis charniiug social life lived on Beaver Creek, and died in 1808; 

lonu' I'rior lo 1 he days of raili-oads and other mod- •_', \\'illiaiii. who niari'ied Nancy .T(nns, lived 

ci-ii iineiilions. He was, acccu-ding lo I >r. I'Mgar near < "rozel . and died in 1850 ; 3, Peter A., who was 

W Is. the only one of , -ill the children of William a merchant in Charlottesville, and in Kiclnnond, 

Woods ( I'd I anil Susannah Wallace that re- married Twynionia A\'ayt, and afterwards Mrs. 

mained in .Mhemarle, all Ihe others having mi- .Mary I 'oage I'xmrland, and died in 1870 ;. I, Thomas 

.grated to the West at the (lose of the Kevolution. Dahiiey, who married ^Miss Ilagan, lived near I'ed- 

Ilis hiMiie was on lleavi r ("reek, ahoiil a mile north lar Mills in Amherst Connty, and died in 1894 ; and 

of the piM'sent railway station called Ci'ozet, and C, Sarah 1., who married Jesse 1'. Key. The said 

some of his <lescendants are livin.ii in that iinme- .lames Woods, tirsi child of William AN'oods (4th), 

diate \ icinil.\ to Ihis (la.\ , and are among the best \\\\n married .Mildred -lones, a daughter of Captain 

jieople of .Mliemarle. ^^'illiam IJ. -lones, had several children, the eldest 

William Woods ( ;!d i was three times married. ,,(■ which was ^^'illiam I'rice Woods, who married 
His tiisi wife was his cousin, Saiah Walla<-e; his Sarah lOUen Jones, his consiu. ^Ir. William T'rice 
sec(nid was his cousin. .\nn Keid;an(l his third was Woods li\-ed at Crozet, ^'a., and there died August 
^Ii's. \anc.\ .Tones, inc Kichardson. He look part S, li)()0. ;\[rs. (ioodall, who has a sketch <<{' her 
in the l.'i'volut ioiiaiy struggle. and in 1 T7t( was com- famil.\' in Tart III of this Nolume. is his grand- 
missioned an ( nsign. and almost immedialidy thcri- daughter. ( Se<' her sketch.)^'* 

after a liiiihnanl. in the \'irginia Line. It stems (VTIl) SAKAIT WOODS Avas a danghter of 

to he geiierall.v agreed that he had hut one son, and William ^^'oods (2d) and his wife Susannah Wal- 

to him he gave that exiremel.x ]io]iulaf name Wil,- lace. Saiah (or Sallie, as sonn ]irefer to call 

t.iAM, who was known in .Mhennarle as ••Ueaver her, i married a Col. Nicholas Shirky. of Bote- 

Ci-eek r.illy the Second." The writer is not in- lourt Cotintv, as Col. Clias. A. 1>. A\'oods states in 

formed as to which of Ihe three wives of \Villiam lijs skehdi in T.-trt ITT of this work. T'ol. Woods 

Woods (."Ml was Ihe morli( r (d' William \Voods says she was hoi-n in 1T('>1, and (Tied in T^^.ll. If 

I lih I. N(U' does the w fiter know whether the hit- she had anv chihTren the author lias heen nnalde to 

let- had any sisters nv half sisters. It seems likely ascertain the fact. 

that his fathei's first wife, Sarah ^\■allace, was his ( TX I SFSAN is mentioned hy Dr. Edgar 

mother, and that he was the only child his father Woods in his history of Alhemarle as one of the 

ever had horn to him. daughters <d' AVilliani Woods (2d) amT Sitsaniiah 

(a) Wii.i.iAM Wdons I "Beaver Creek Second" I ^^■allac(', hut no (Tetails of lier life are furnished. 

theoul,\ son of William Woods ( ."!d ) married Mai-y (X ) M.MJV is referr<'(T to hy Dr. Edgar Woods 

darmaii, a daughter of Willi;iiii d;innaii. Said \\'il- as if she were the last of the children of William 

liam dannaii was a hrolher of the Thoniiis Jarman A\'(!0(ls (2(1) and Susannah Wallace, hut Ihe (Uily 

who piircliase;! land on the cresi (d' Woods's (!a]i, idece of informal iiui he .liives coiicerniu.g her is that 

and for w lioni the iiaiiii of (hat |)ass was trans- she marriecT one (Jeorge Davi(Tson. 

IViK'd. from the man who lirsl scllled at its h;ise Col. Charles A. 11. Woods t see his slcetcli) makes 

( .Michael Woo, Is) and c.illed's (!a|i. Thus no reference to either Susan oi' ^Fary in his list of 


llic cliildi-cii of Williitiii Woods (2(li, and Susan- 1724, tarryiug ton yoars in tlic colony of Pennsyl- 
nali Wallace; lint lie docs mention a llannali \aiiin, and tluMi fjoinii w illi llie ^^'oodses and sonio 
\Voo(ls, wlio is said liy some pei'sous to have been of llie \\'allaces (o Vii^iiiia in I7:!l, As he was a 
one of tlieii- children, and to have married one Wil- man of i wcniy-six when he seilhMJ in Vir}rini;i, and 
liam Ivavcnaniih and moN'cd lo .Madison Comity, oidy a yoiiih of sixleen when he N'fl ii-ehind, we 
Kentucky. That there should he consideralile uu- mi^hl sn|>]iose Ihat he mai-ricd his wife, .\nne, in 
certainty in regard to some of (he children of Wil- I'ennsyhania. We have no means of knowing 
liam AA'oods | 2d ) is not at all surprising, for he what his wife's surname was, as the only meniion 
himself seems to have disappeared fnmi view en- we have of her is in the deeils of her hnsliand and in 
lirely about the year 1773, when he was living in his last will, in all which he calls her .\nne. Hence 
Fincastle('ounty,\'irginia. Wlicnwc retlect that the the strain of which she was a rejiresentative must 
short-li\('d county of Fincastle, which e.visted from prohahly remain forever hidden from hei- descend- 
1772 to 177(>, comprised a small emi)ire within its ants. Knowing what we do of the man slu- mar- 
liounds, viz.: all of Southwest Virginia; nearly all ried, however, we may safely indulge the conlident 
of what is now the State of West Virginia; and ho])e that she was a good Christian woman, and 
the whole of Kentucky — when we think what a most probably a Scotch-Irish I'resbylcrian as was 
vast area it included — we can understand how ex- ^Michael, Junior, himself. Ceneral .Micajah Woods 
tremely vague is the statement that in 177:> this Ihinks she was a cousin to .Michael. A\'e shall de- 
^\'illiam \\'oods (2d) was "living in Fincastle signate this mendier of the family as ".Micliael, 
County." In what part of it he resided we have .Tnnior," because his father bore the nanu' .Mich- 
no idea, except that it was probably near New ael. and described him as ".Michael Junior" in a 
Kiver. Xor have we any nu>ans of knowing when, deed he executed in 174:>. lie is often referred to 
or where, or how either he or his wife died. We as ^fichael Woods of ]'>otetoui-t, but his home was 
know that bef(U'e the Kevolution began he had left in .Vlbemarle, at least thirty-five years, whilst in 
.VIbemarle, and that at the close of that great strug- Botetoni-t he lived scarcely se\en years. Hesides. 
gle all of his children excejit \\'illiam had the name ".Michael .Tnnior" desci-ibes him with 
migi-atcd to\-. ]'.e_\dnd this his his- sufficient accuracy. 

(ory is veiled from our view, and it is likely we can The first allusion to this son of .Michael of I'.lair 

never know what the closing years of life were for ]*ai-k seems to be that which we find in the deed 

him. liorn in ]7l*7. he is about sixty-six when he which his father executed to him August 3. 1743. 

\anishes from our si^ht. l*^)rt nnately he has left <'onveving to him 2(1(1 acres of the lln<lson tract. In 

many worthy descendants who ha\e per|)!'tuated this deed the grantor signs himself .Michael \\'oods, 

his name among men, and not a few of them have Sr.. and i-efers to the grantee as .Michael Woods, 

m.ide snch names f»u' themselveKS as refiect credit -Tr. At this tim(> the father was 59 years old, and 

upon the whole Woods Clan, and reveal the excel- the son was abimt 3(1 Twelve years later (Sep- 

lence of the stock whence they sjirang. tendier 10. 17."'>r)) we find ^lichael, Jr., obtaining a 

Crown (ii-ant for himself of 300 acres on Ivv Creek 

C-MICII.VFI. WOODS, JUNIOi;. adjoining the 2(.(. acres his faduT d.eded t.i hin, in 

The third child of .Michael Woods of I'.lair Park 1743. Assnming (hat .Michael, Jr., made his home 

and his wife .Mary Caiiijtbell was named Utv his en this land for about 2.") \ears of his life i which 

lather, ^lichael; and. as was shown on a previous is ]>ractically certain i. he resided near l\y De]p(;t. 

jiage. he was ])robably horn in Ireland about the and only about six miles distant from his father's 

year 1708. We feel next to certain (hat he mi- homestead at Blair Park. The date of (he reiimval 

grated (o America wi(li his ]iarents and kinsfolk in of .Michael, Jr., to Botetourt County can mil be cer- 


tniiilv iiindc nil I. lull il was |n-nlial)ly alKHit (he year lo the water's edge, whilst the fanii, wliich is on the 
ITli'.i. or sliiifily I licicaricr. Tliis is inferred from cpiiosite side, cousists iiiaiiiiy of very gently un- 
tlie iviiowii fad liiai ill ilial year .Micliael, -Ir., and dulatiiig h)\\lands or meadow. .Tiist here a little 
Anne liis wife dei d to liieir sou William iiiomilain stream, known as .lennings Creek, puts 
iIk' lieforeiiientioned .'iOd acres of land, ami into tlie river from the soiilli, its head springs be- 
in IT"."! Iliey coin-eyed another tract to one Tliomas ing right at the northern liase of the fanions Peaks 
Kerch. In ITti'.i .Michael, Jr., was only ahont Gl of < )tter, a few miles sontli of the farm. Now and 
years of ;ige. ;ind his niidertaking lo make a new then, after heavy rains, when holh i-iver and creek 
stari in life in anoiher |iai-l of (he c(dony scnne are high, lliesw(dlen waters hack np and o\-ert1ow 
dislaiice away, and in a frontier region, showe(l the low grounds, so as to make the jilace look like 
ilia I his i-eason fi>v disposing of his lands in Albe- an island ; and as a gentleman by fhe name of Shep- 
iiiarle was noi ih.ii he was feeble and considered herd long owned tlie jdace after the death of Micli- 
liis I'Md near, lie is said to lia\'e been a large man ael. Ji-., it came to be called "Shepherd's Island 
above si.\ feet in height, and of innisnal vigor of !''arni." It also had the name of "Hollow Ford 
both bod \ and iniiid. Ills reiiio\al to Uotetourt, I'arm,"" snggested, no donbl, by some jiecniiaritv 
ihercfore, may be set down as lia\ing occurred some- of th(> ford of the James on the north line nf the 
where bel w<M'ii libit and 1 TIM, but the earlier of the jilace. The Peaks of Otter, eight miles to the 
two dates seems lo be the more i)robalile one. His south ; the marvellous Natural I'l-idge, only seven 
father's death, in ITtil.*, hail doubtless made him the miles to the northeast, and the grand water-gap of 
iiKuc willing to leave the old home neighborhood, the .Tames at IJalcony Falls, tw(l\-e miles below 
and his broiliers Arch iliald. Andi'ew and ^^'illiam censtitule a combination of attractions not often 
are known to have moved from .Mbemarle about ciiualled in any ])ai't of the laud. In .M ichael's dav 
the same period. Land to the southward was (|nite lume of the noises and comniolioiis of our modern 
as fertile as in .Vlbemarle, and cheaper, and there life disturbed the ](eacefnl \;ille_\- in which he re- 
was a s])iri( of enterprise and ad\-enlni-e abi'oad in sided; bul now either bank of the noble Tames 
the older pai-ts of the colony at the time which boasts a great trunk-line — the ("besaiieake ^V; Ohio 
eansed many to (ni-n their eyes towards the South- on one side, and the Norfolk iV; Western on the 
west wiih llie view of making new investments in other — and the whistle (^f the locomotive and the 
promising fields — of '"going AVest lo gi'ow nji with roar of trains are constantly wakiu^ the echoes in 
the connirw," as we would say in oui- day. the grand mountaius and charming hills of that 
Thelocalion which .Michael. I r., chose for himself biautiful n gion. The farm consisted of about 400 
on .lames Kiver in Itotetourt County, was one well acres when .Michael owned it, and it now belongs 
adai)ted to jigi-iciillural iiurposes, and was, besides, to a .Mi'. Starkey Iiol)ins(ui, in whose ho.spitable 
(piile iiicturesiiiie and interesting. The engraving luune the i>resent writi-r was kiiidlv entertained in 
gixiiig a \iew of the ri\-er in front of his farm, the summer of ISb"), whilst in the neighborhood 
(which will be found in this \-(diime) shows how it making obser\ations and researches prejiaratorv to 
a])]>ears to one standing lui the north bank of the the publication of this work. The jiresent dwell- 
river at Indian IJock. a station of the CliesajK-ake ing — a comfortable brick house — stands, as Mr. 
^i Ohio Railway. .Vt that jioint the. Tames sweeps Ibibinson stated, on the e.xaci site of the old Woods 
around the farm in a graceful curve, forming an homestead of one hundred and (hirt v vears ago. A 
aliiiosi perfect leKer C one or two miles in extent, few liundnd yards to the east of the house is the 
(he opening of (be seini-circle b<>iiig toward tlie private burial-ground of the farm covering a little 
South. The north bank of (he rixcr here is Kiiidl. The only graves there in IS'.I"), marked with 
crowned with beautiful liills, coming (dose down headslones having insiriiil ions were of recent date, 

'»3,«.0.>«' /,_./„,, „,. 

„^ f.i^ 2C„^. .v«'yV,.^^(if«^^v<,i^l„; ^ :^,^^ ^^jCr^^f :%„L,^- a/^/)J}^^ 
jL/^^dM. M^X. * /?2,./Vi<-^'3--~"? ^JU;^^y^^-^^U^/, i^tAl'j,t;fi^l^ 

^21;;;^/^ ^^J^», ZJp-'y Srf../i7^ p a^^^ ^-o v« ^/<«& .^^^ -/^i' ^;.-* ^ 




but there were mauy uuiiiarked, sunken graves, in 
one of which we can scarcely doubt tlie body of 
Michael Woods, Jr., has been sleeping since 1777. 
In the morning of "the day without clouds," when 
the last trumpet echoes through those hills, the 
angels will know where to find the dust of those 
they seek. 

After MiclKi«'l"s dcatli tliis farm, as his will pro- 
vided, l)ecame the property of his son David, and in 
1779 he sold it to his brother-in-law, William Camp- 
bell, for three thousand five hundred pounds. A 
man liy the name of Shepherd afterwards owned 
it, and he may have been the Dalertus Shepherd 
who married one of Michael's daughters. About 
thirty-three years ago Mr. Starkey Robinson, the 
l>resent owner, came into possession of it. The 
exact location of this farm is indicated on the 
"Map of the Parting of the 'Ways" to be found in 
this volume. In 1769, the year Michael seems to 
have purchased this ])lace, that region was yet a 
frontier settlement, and exposed to the depreda- 
tions of Indians from the northwest. The savages 
continued to annoy the settlers in that part of the 
country A\ell on down to the close of the eighteenth 
century. Indeed, Southwestern Virginia, and what 
is now the state of West Virginia, were exposed to 
troubles of this character longer than even Ken- 
tucky was. It must have been, therefore, no small 
comfort to Michael that his brotlier Andrew lived 
only about twelve or fourteen miles southwest of 
his home, and his brother Archibald still farther 
down in that direction on Catawba Creek. His 
brother William was also down l)elow him some- 
wliere in Fiucastle (bounty; and the ^IcAfees, one 
of whose daughters became the (second) wife of 
his son David in after years, were also residing on 
Catawba Creek. All of these families were near 
enough to him for purposes of social intercourse, 
and also of mutual assistance in times of danger, 
ilichael was, beyond all reasonable doubt, a devout 
Scotch-Irish Presbyterian; and as l)oth Falling 
Spring and High Bridge (Presbyterian) Churches 
were in existence all the years he lived on James 
River — the one being sixteen miles distant, and the 

other only eight miles — it is extremely likely that 
he and his family lield their membership in one of 
them, and probably attended both quite often. The 
four Ril)les and four Catechisms and one copy of 
the Confession of Faith, listed by his executors 
after his death as among his personal effects, as 
well as the devout preface to liis will, indicate 
pretty clearly that his was a lioiiic in which religion 
had a large place. It was not thirty miles from 
his home on the James to that "nest" of Woodses, 
McDowells, Lapsleys, Campbells, Bo\\yers, etc., up 
in Rockbridge County, and there are indications 
that he kept in close touch with these relatives and 
connections to the close of his life; and when he 
comes, a few months before his end, to write his 
last will, he names, as one of the executors of his es- 
tate "my loving friend, John Bowyer, Esq." — the 
nuin who was the third husband of his own sister 

Michael Woods, Jr., wrote his will May 29, 177G, 
— just as the Revolutionary storm was beginning to 
rage — and it was pro\ed in court March 11, 1777. 
He probal»ly died very early iy the year 1777. The 
original document is on file now in the clerk's office 
at Fiucastle, Botetourt County, Virginia, and 
through the courtesy of the obliging clerk, Mr. 
Matheuy, the writer was allowed to have it photo- 
graphed expressly for this worlc. A faithful fac- 
simile of the will, made from the photograph thus 
obtained, will be found in this volume. He made 
his sou David his "heir," and one of the two execu- 
tors of the will; and Col. Bowyer, his brother-in- 
law, was made the other executor. His wife Anne 
■was living at the tinu», and is mentioned by name. 
It is known that she joined her sons David and 
Samuel, a few j'ears later, in their migration to Ken- 
tucky, where she died not long after the removal. 
Three men signed as witnesses to the will, to wit: 
John Logan ; George Dougherty ; Charles Lambert. 
Of the first two the writer knows nothing whatever. 
Concerning the Cluirles Landtert, General Micajah 
Woods expresses the opinion, based on facts known 
to him, that the family to which this gentleman be- 
longed was in some wav closelv I'elated to the 


Woodses; and lii' thinks a man of this name mar- Iiis faith, howcNcr fcclih' he may have lieen in hody. 

ried either a sister or a (laui;liter of .Mieliael, Jr. Tin' prcamhh' of that document reads as follows: 

It is hardly possihle that .Michael had a sister who "In the name of (iod, Amen. 1, Micliael Woods, 

married a L;unl)ert. IJul he left two young lady of tJie ( 'ounty of liotetourt, in Virginia, being weak 

daughters, Anue and Sarah, one of whom may of body, but of perfect mind and memory, blessed 

have married tiiis .Mr. Laniherl. Oeneral Landiert, be God, and calling to mind ye mortality of my 

once Mayor of Kichmoml, was, as General Woods body, and that it is appointed for all men once to 

believes, a descendant of one of the near kinswomen die, do, this twenty-ninth day of May, one thousand 

of -Micliael, I r. — a sister, or daughter. The Charles seven hundred and seventy-six, nmke this my last 

Landiert, above mentioned, was evidently closely will and testanu'nt, viz.: I give my soul into the 

connected willi him in some way ; for, prior to ITTO, hands of Almighty <!od, who gave it me, beseech- 

he was a w itness to various legal documents for ing his gracious acceptance thereof, nothing doubt- 

\\'oodses in Albemarle County. It would there- ing but I sltall receive it again at ye General liesnr- 

fore seem that he came to Botetourt County about rection by the mighty power of God. My body I 

the time Michael himself did, and it nniy be that recorameud to the earth from whence it was taken, 

he married either Anne, or Saraii, (Uie (d' the to be buried in a Cliristian-like and decent nuin- 

younger daughters of . Michael. lU'r, iVic, cV:c." As for his w(uid]y property, whilst 

Michael AVoods, Jr., must have failed in health not a man of large wealth at tiie time of iiis dc- 

very rapidly, and from some other cause than old cease, he was comfortably ti.xed, and left a good es- 

age, after settling in Botetourt. If he had not tate for a nuin who had no doubt previously nmde 

been in very robust health in ITO'J — the date of his provision for eight or nine children, 
selling out in .Vllieinarh' prejiaiatory to i-enioving IMen often use some pious phrases in drawing up 

to Botetourt — he wouhl luirdly have gone down their last wills tnerely as a matter of f(U'ni, luit the 

into tlie then frontier portion of the colony, om- man who dictated tiiat preamble was, beyond all 

hundred miles distant from his old home, to begin doubt, one who lived a truly devout life, and died 

life aiH'w. It is only six or seven years subse(iueiit in the faith of Jesus Christ. His descendants 

1(1 thai migration that we find him writing his will, ought to know these things concerning him. The 

in which he speaks of himself as "weak in l)o(ly"'; meagre (mtline of his life which remains for us 

anil he was then only sixty-eight years old, and leav<'s him almost wludly hidden from our gaze 

(lied only about nine montiis thereafter. His amidst the shadows of a sonu'what remote past; 

father had lived to be seventy-eight, and his sister but it slKMild be a ((unfoi-t, and also an ins])iraHon, 

^Magdalen, who was born a couple of years before f(n- us that the clearest light which falls upon his 

himself, outlived him a!)out a third of a century, career illumines the most important phase of his 

Our impression of those ancient Woodses is that character, and gives to us the reasonable assurance 

tliey were, as a rule, an unusmilly hardy and vig(3r- that he has a place in the Kingdom of Glory above 

ousraceof people who attained lo great age. Hence where we also may ho])e, after a season, to meet 

we infer that Michael, Jr., must have experienced him and share that joy and ])eace which have been 

some sudden and unlooked for shock to his bodily his for one hundred and twenty-seven years, 
health which took him off at least ten years before In his A\ill .Michael, Jr., makes express mention 

the time he and his friends ^^■ould have anticipated of eleven children, and there is every reason for 

when he took leave of Albemarle. But if we may believing that he had no others living at that time, 

fairly draw inferences from the language men em- There is some reason, however, for supposing that 

ploy in making llicir last wills, it is reasonably he may have had two or three others who died in 

ceiiain that Michael, .Jr., was not at all weak in early life. An interesting question is : Are we to 



accept the oi'dcr in which Miclincl mentions his 
cliildrcn in liis will as indicating the ordin' in which 
they were actually l)oi'n? Of CDurse we are oliliged 
to answer this question nut without some hesita- 
tion. Perhaps in most cases men, in having- their 
wills drawn up, do mention their children with 
due regard to the matter of seni(U'it.v, beginning 
with I lie eldest and ending with the youngest. But 
it is a fact that there is no very important reason 
for so doing. The will would be just as complete 
and valid, and the intentions of the testator just as 
clear, no matter what order he followed in naming 
the heirs: the only really important point is tliat 
all (he III ii's to whom lie wislics In make sjiecitic 
bequests shall \n- mentioned somewlicre in the will, 
and the portion of each clearly indicated. This 
question would not have been raised by tlie present 
writer but for the fact that, if we adopt the order 
of the names given in Michael's Avill as being the 
exact order of seniority for all tlie children, we 
raise some very serioTis difficulties which can not be 
explained away. There are many important de- 
tails in regard to all of his children about which 
we possess no information whatever; in fact, we 
know scarcely anything at all about most of them 
beyond the bare fact that they once lived. But 
fortunately there are a few dates and facts which 
are kno^\■n with certainty, and these enable ns to 
know some other things; and when these are duly 
considered we believe it will be apparent that Mich- 
ael mentioned several of his children without re- 
gard to their seniority. First, we know, with cer- 
tainty, that Samuel was born in 173S; and if his 
sisters Jane and Susannah were born before he 
was, and were the first-born of all the (Meven chil- 
dren, as one would infer from Michael's will — to 
which sup]iosition we know of no objection — then 
we may fix the ])r(ibable date of the marriage of 
INFichael and .\nne as 1734 — the very year the 
Woodses and Wallaces moved to Virginia. As 
Michael Mas leaving Pennsylvania that year, it 
would have been tlie most natural thing in the 
world, if he had a sweetheart there, to Avant to have 
her go ai(iii!4 and share his fortunes in the new 

hduie in the colony of X'ii'ginia. Tliat Michael and 
Anne did marry about 1734, we feel confident. 
That he was then aliout twenty-six, and she about 
seventeen, or a little past, we have good reasons 
for believing. Secondly, we know that Magdalen, 
who married AMlliam Campbell, was born in 1755; 
and in that ycai- her mollicr was about thirty-eight 
years old, if our estimates above given are sound. 
But ^Michael makes JMagdalen sixth in his list and 
mentions five other children after her. It is ex- 
tremely pi'obable, wlien all the circumstances of 
the case are weighed, that if five children were born 
of Anne after the year 1755, the last of the five was 
born not less tlian ten or twelve years after iMag- 
dalen Avas. This would mean that Anne was a 
Avoman forty-eight to fifty years old Avhen her last 
child Avas born. We do not hesitate to say that 
Ave think it extremely unlikely that there were five 
children born to ;Mi(<hael and his wife after 1755, 
she being about fifty years old at tlie birth of the 
last of her children. Thirdly, we find that among 
the children mentioned in the will after ^lagdalen 
is David. As Magdalen, Ave know, was born In 
1755, then if David came after her we must fix the 
year 1757 as about the year of his birth ; and as his 
father died early in 1777, David was not ten years 
old Avhen that bereavement fell upon the home. 
Now this same son Daxid is expressly named by 
^lichael as one of Jiis executors and Iiis heir — a boy 
who was scarcely nine years old the day the will 
Avas penned. The absurdity of such a thing is only 
too apparent. David Avas surely born at h^ast fif- 
teen years before ^fagdalen Avas, though in the Avill 
he is named after her. lie must haA'e been a man 
at least t\venty-fi\'e years <if age, and of good ]irom- 
ise as a capable business man, foi' his father to 
have put upon his shoulders such grave responsibil- 
ities. That this chihl, at least, could not haAC been 
named by ^lichael according to his priority seems 
certain. Looking at the list in the A\ill Ave find 
four unmarried daughters: ^lartlia, Sarah, Anne, 
and Margaret, and all of them are nu'uticmed to- 
gether at the end of the list. This does not mean 
that all four of them wove born subsequent to Mag- 



(lalcn's hirtli. Anno and Margaret were, for ]\[icli- 
acl cxprcssl.v says tlic.v were his yonugest cliildren. 
\\v arc (•()iiti<l('iii ilial Alaillin ami Sarah were ohhT 
iliaii .Maiiilal. 11. .lust wliy Ihey arc mentioned 
ari<'r liei- we can not positively atlirm, but we sns- 
]iect Dial tlieii- lallier just ioealed the four single 
daughters in one plaee at tlie foot of the list with- 
out any s])ecial reason exeei)t that single daughters 
would not he so a])t to lie as ]n*omiuently in mind 
wlun writing a will as the iiiai ried ones willi whom 
he had already had liusiness ti'aiisact ions connected 
wiili settling upon them jiort ions of his estate. The 

II_SUSANNA1I was the second child of Mich- 
ael Woods, Jr.. and Anne his wife. She was proh- 
aldy l)(UMi in what is now Allieiiiarle County, ^'ir- 
giuia, alxuit the year 1736. She married a Mr. 
Cowan. There was a John Cowan to whom lauds 
were patented in what is now Albemarle County, 
])rior to 1740. This gentleman's son may have been 
the person she married, or a near kinsman of his. 
Of Susannah's subsequent history we know abso- 
lutely nothing. 

Ill— .SA:\irKL WOODS was the third child, and 
tirst son, of Michael, Jr., and Anne his wife. From 

scjieiiie which we have lormnlated, and which, sworn documents which he filed in the V. S. Ten- 
whilst not claimed to be correct in all respects, sion Office in 1823, it is apparent he was born in the 

rests njion reasonable deductions from known as I'oilow s : 


I— JANE lioux 173.-) ( ?) 

II— SUSANNAH IJoKX 173(1 (?) 

Ill— SAMUEL BouN 17.3S 

IV— DAVID Boux 1740 C.'i 

V— ELIZABETH B( utx 1 742 ( V I 

VT— WILLIA:\I I!(ii;x 1748 

VII— SABAH Boux 17.-)0 (?) 

\lll— MABTHA 




year 1738. Those docnments bear date A])i'il, 1823, 
and in them he says he is "about eighty-tive years 
of age." His parents had been residing in (iooch- 
land County, Virginia, oidy about four years when 
he was born. The entire region in the midst of 
which the AA'oodses then lived was a liack-woods 
DiKn 182(! wilderness, and the Indians often passcnl along the 


Boux 17.-.3 (?) 
Boitx 17.").") 
Boux 17.'")7 ( ?) 

Died 178(; 


Died 1819 



Died 1830 

Boux 17(10 (?) Died 

old war-])alh wliicli ran throngh Woods's (iaii, in 
sight of the A\'oo(ls and ^Vallace settlement near 
the Bine liidge. As his ])arents did mtt migrate to 
liotctourt till 17()!), or later, Samuel may ha\"e re- 
mained in Albemarle at least to that date, though 
this is by no means certain. Hence, we may say, 
that he was a citizen of Albemarle for a large part 
id' his life. From Hening's Statutes (Volume 7, 
]>age 203 I we b'ani that by an act of the ("oliMiial 
Legislature in the year 17.'i8, it was ordered that 
]\lichael AVoods, .Jr., and Samnel Woods be ]iaid 
for services thev had rendered as memliers of the 

I — .TANE was, beyond reasonable doubt, the 
firstdtorn of the eleven children of ^Michael Woods, 
.Tr., and his wife Anne. She was, in all ju'idiability, 

bnrii ill Ooochland County i now Albemarle), Vir- Albemarle militia. In that year Michael, Jr., was 

ginia. aliout 173.'">, Ihe year after the Woodses set- about fifty years ohl, and Samnel his son was 

lied in that colony. She married a :\rr. Bnster. twenty. That was the period of the French and 

His Cjii-istian name, some have said, was .Tohn. Of Indian Wars, and it Avas only three years snbse- 

her and liei- hiisbaml and family we know nothing <iuent to Braddock's defeat which filled the fron- 

beyond Ihe fact, slated In the writer i,y General tier regions of Virginia with the greatest alarm. 
•Micajah Woods, that .Mr. Cliarles I'.uster, recently We have no nutans of knowing the date or place 

(derk of Greenbi'ier, Virginia, County Court, is a of Saninel's marriage. All we know of his wife is 

descendant of theii-s. Di-. IMgar Woods, in his his- that her Christian name was :Margaret, that she 

fory of .\jbemarle i ]);ige l.-iS), tells ;i gond deal of Joined in various deeds and other instruments of 

the Bnster family. writing which he executed, that she went with her 



liusliaiid and son when tliey niijiTated to Kontucky, 
and lliat slic was living there, iu Ilarrodshnrg, as 
late as 1S23. The hite Tliomas C. Woods, of Leb- 
juion, Ky., (died 18GS) who was tlie writer's older 
brother, and who was born abont the time Samuel 
died at Harrodsburg, wrote him in ISdG that he 
was positive Samuel and Margaret had bnt one 
son, and was almost as certain that they never had 
a daughter. Their sou was Samuel, Jr. We have 
no certain nu'ans of determining the (hilc of Sam- 
uel .Tunior's birth. We have reason to lielicve, hciw- 
e\('i-, that it was not far from the year ITii:!. His 
father was then twenty-live years old, and the war 
of (ireat Britain and her (•(donies with I'rance and 
her Indian allies had just come to end, and the 
e(|ually sericms differences between the American 
Colonies and the Mother Country were soou to 
emerge and bring on the Eevolution. In May, 
ITfiG, as the Botetourt County records show, we find 
Samuel, Sr., purchasing a little farm of 04 acres of 
land on the South Fork of the Roanoke River, in 
what is uow :Montgomery County, Virginia ; and as 
he owned this farm for thirteen years, (he sold it in 
1770) the presumption is not unreasonable that he 
li\-e(l on it several of those years. And as we fiud 
him buying another farm of 181 acres upon the 
James the very year he sold the one just mentioned 
(1770), this supposition is somewhat strengthened. 
The location on Roanoke River was, in that early 
day, one in which he would be occasionally exposed 
to Indian attacks. The savages had invaded that 
neighborhood only two years prior to 1766, killing 
f)n(» man, and carrying away several others and a 
woman, into captivity.^" It was no doubt \vhile 
residing there that the Revolution began ; and as he 
entered the patriot army in the spring of 1776, and 
served for three years as a commissi<uied officerwith 
the Virginia Regulars, resigning in 177!), it is hardly 
likely he left his wife and son alone on the Roanoke 
River farm. Where Margaret and hei- little son 
Samuel, Jr., stayed, and how they were cared f(U' 
dui'ing all the years her husband was in the army, 
we have no means of knowing. lie enlisted at the 
very beginning, in the spring of 1776, and was with 

the regulars three years, and then later on served 
in the milil ia, from I inie to time, to the close of the 
Revolnlion. This meant an absence of about five 
or six years from his home and family. In 1810, 
Congress having passed an act to provide pensions 
f(n' the Revolutionary soldiers, and Samuel being 
then past foui'-scoi-e years, and very feeble, and 
without any means of sui)port except that which 
his grandson, J. Harvey Woods, supplied, he made 
ajjplication for a jiension. It was over four years 
before he actually began to enjoy the.f20.00a month 
which the U. S. Government allowed him as a lieu- 
tenant. The wi-iler has in his possession certified 
copies of all the pajiers in this case, which he ob- 
tained from the Pension Office at Washington. 
These docunu'uts show that Samuel Woods enlisted 
in the spring of 1776, in the Twelfth Virginia Regi- 
ment, Continental Establishment, commanded by 
Colonel James Wood, and ^^•as a Lieutenant of one 
of its companies; served in that capacity for three 
years, when he resigned ; was at first stationed at 
Fort Pitt, and later at the mouth of the Kanawha, 
and still later, marched to the South ; after his 
resignation fi'om the Regular Army he served as an 
officer in the Virginia ^lilitia from time to time till 
the close of the Revolution ; and ]>articipated in the 
Battle of Guilford Court House, March 1.5, 1781. 
At the date of making his affldavit (April, 182.3) 
he was a man of eighty-five, and so feeble that he 
was unable to come before the Court, or even to 
write his name. He stated, in said afiidavit. that 
his wife (Margaret) was then alive, and old and 
feeble like himself. He only lived a little over two 
years after his ])ension (.f 240. 00 a year) was 
granted him, as his death occurred February 3, 
1826. (See Note No. 60, for fuller details which 
are of more special interest to the descendants of 
Samuel Woods than to the general reader.) 

Samuel Woods was one of that vast company of 
Virginians whose attention was turned to the Ken- 
tucky wilderness as so(ui as the Revolution was 
brought to a close. The surrender of Cornwallis in 
the fall of 17.81 was the beginning of the end of the 
war, though the Treaty of Peace, at Paris, was not 


si-ncl till lu.irl.v two y.-ars thcivaii.T. Slill. it ,M..:si.Mi r.-lnnis sIm.wcHIkiI tli.-iv wcvo about uine 
was j-fncnilly uii.l.Tst.M,,! :.l Icasi a y.-ar the limi.ln.l ..f tli.'se v.t( i-aus still livii.ii- in tli.. Slate, 
formal wit li<li-a wal uf (Ircal lliitain Auierioa llicir a-cs. arr(,v(1iii- to tli." m-ords, varying from 
I hat ni.Mv was tu he nn more light iiig of coiisc- s.'vciity to one huinlrcd and nine years. This, of 
,|iHMi(c. and the lens nf thousands of ]{evolutionary ec.nrse, was but a small part (.f the host Avho had 
veiei-aiis began 1.. lay liu-ir jdans fnr the coiKiiU'st found a dwelling place within the State. Probably 
of whose peniiaiH lit occiiiialioii by white at least ten times this number had gone to their 
incii iiad not yet been acceided by the Indians. graves. Such men were, by I heir native strength 
Shabr. in his adniiialile lit lie voliinie .m Kentucky and their de<'ds, the natural leaders in the new set- 
in the .\nierican ('omnionweallh series, says:"' tlements. both in iieaee and war. Thus the Ken- 
".\t the close of the Uevolutioiiaiy War. Virginia tucUy spirit was the offspring of the Revolution, 
found herself with a large i.oimlalion that had been The comliative spirit left by the Revolutionary 

lorn; separah'd \'v the ordinary i)iirsiiits of life. AVar was elsewhere overwhelmed by the tide of 

Their places liad closed behind them ; life in Ihe Old commercial life; here it lived on, fed by tradition 

Dominion was stagnant. The only chance ojien to and by a nearly continuous combat (hiwn to the 

lier was in Ihe broad fields of her great western do- time of the Rebellion." 

main. The condil ions of a community at the close vSamuel Woods was among the earliest of the 

of a long and successful war are peculiarly favor- sturdy Virginians who abandoned thidr homes in 

able for the making of new colonies; and it is the Ohl Dominion and journeyed far across the 

natural liial at this lime Virginia, no longer herself western mountains to the Fdm' (irass Region of 

a colony Imt a Stale, where the best lands were Kentucky. The j>recise date of his migration can 

much worn liy a .shiftless agriciillure. should have not be fixed with entire certainly ; imt from all that 

been strongly affected by Ihe colonizing spirit. we <bi know-, it must have been either the fall of 

These circumstances led to a very lai'ge exodus of 1 7SL'. or early in tlie year 1783. Kentucky was 

her po|inlaiion to the westward. The recently not, in one sense, a particularly inviting place to 

founded seltlemeiils ill Keiiliicky. begun ten years settle in at this pei-iod. The year 1782 had 

or so before, had gone far enough to ]U'ove that lieeii marked by the most extraordinary activ- 

land in abundance and of ex<-elleiit (piality could ity on the part of the Indians. The Rattle of the 

he had for the trouble of possessing it. Every am- Rlue Licks, so disastrous to the Kentuckians, was 

hitious s]iiii(, every man who had within him the fought that year, not to mention lesser encounters, 

sense of jiower necessary for the ardm)us work of and the careful estimate of a competent person was 

facing the dangers of a wilderness where he would that during the seven years ending with 1783, no 

li;ive to battle for e\('rylhiiig, with nature and the less than tifteeii hundred whiles had been massa- 

savage. s(!iiglil these new tields. It is to these con- cred by the savages, and a vast deal of pro]>erty de- 

dilions that Ihe new settlements beyond the Alle- stroyeil and stolen.'- But this fact did not deter 

ghanies owed the most of the pojiulation that came the settlers from Virginia, Oarolina, Maryland, 

t" <li<'iii ill ilie year immediately following the and Pennsylvania ;they came jKniring into the coun- 

Kevolnlion. * * * I!y far the most important try by thousands. The population of Kentucky in 

I'iemenl of the KciiliicUy cobiiiisls came ff(mi the 1 77.") consisted of about one humlred and fifty men. 

s.ibliers who were disbanded al the close of the P.y the fall of 17S3, as :\r(mette estimates, it had 

war with ('.real P.rilain. The iiiiniber of Revolu- grown to be as mmdi as 12,000. In 1784, the 

tionary soldiers who emigrated to Kentucky may stream increased so rapidly that ere the year was 

be judged from Ihe fact that in 1840, nearly sixty gone there were 30,000 people in Kentucky. The 

years after the termination of that struggle, the hunger for land was so all-absorhing as to render 



the settlers reckless in the fcace of dangers ami hard- in Novendier, 1 7!tl . lM)nvt1i, llic iccords slu.w ( I'.ook 
ships which ^yollld have utterly appalled men not 2, i>aiie !)1 ) tliat (ui A])iil 1(1, list, lie made (wo 
made of the sternest stuff and already inured by entries, as assiuncc of one Jacob Fronuxn; one of 
long experience to the trying conditions of actual 

The records of the Land Office at Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky, contain a number of items which throw light 

on Hie date of the arrival of Samuel Woods. First, 
in Book 1. page 357, (Treasury NVarraut ll',()li(;i 
we find that under date of February 8, 1783, Sam- 
uel Woods, as assignee of David Woods (his 
brother), entered 1108 acres lying on tlie soutli side 
of Salt River, next to the land of James McCoun. 
As no one would have thought of migrating with a 
family to that wilderness region in winter, we are 
almost bound to conclude that he must have come 
to Kcntm-ky not later than the fall of 1782. Second, 
the book of entries in the library of Col. R. T. Dur- 
rett, of Louisville, copied froui tlie records at 

700 acres, and one of .")75 acres, on the South Fork 
of Rig I'.cnsou; ami these tracts cornered on an- 
otliei' tract of :'.0()0 acres wbicli lie liad itresiously 
entered (here. From tliese oflicial records il seems 
clear that Samm-l Woods was living in Kentucky 
jirobably as early as (he fall of 17S2, and certainly 
not later than the fall of 1783. This places him 
among the earliest settlers and ])ioneers of Ken- 

The exact locality in which be made bis home is 
pretty well established as having been on (he 
Shaker Fork of Shawnee Run, within sight of 
where the Shaker Village of Mercer County now 
stands, and close to Kentucky River below liie 
mouth of Cedar Run. Here, as ofhcial records of 
Mercer Count V (Iiereinafter to tie fullv (luoted) 

Frankfort (page 254 of bis private book) shows deiiiousti-ate, lie settled and pi-e-emiited 1400 acres 

that on the 15th of January, 1783, Samuel Woods ,,f land, and bad bis liome on it. He iirobably 

entered 800 acres lying on Benson Creek, "at the imilt a cabin there in the fall of 1782, and raised 

county line above the Trace, going to the Falls, be- there a crop of corn in 1783. He may even have 

ginning at the first large branch above the Trace." reached that spot early enough in the spring of 

This "Trace" was the Buffalo ](ath wliich led from 1782 to raise a crop that same season. In the rec- 

Frankfort across the Kentucky RiA'er just below 
where that city now stands, and on north to Dren- 
non's Lick, and then eastwardly towards where 
Covington now stands. This was under Treasury 
Warrant 7873. As was remarked on the first en- 

ords to be ([noted fartlier on lie refers to this tract 
as "1400 aci-es, my settlement and pre-emption on 
Shawauy Run." Such language as this could not 
l)e ]iroperly used except with reference to land 
which he himself had acquired by actual settlement 

try, above cited, he must have reached Kentucky the thereon. This is partly confirmed by an entry of 

previous fall in order to make this entry in mid- 
winter. Third, we find in Book 14, page 20, of tlie 
Land Office, where Samuel Woods entered 3765 
acres of land on the head branches of Benson, Ham- 
mond and Indian Creeks (about on the present line 
between the counties of Franklin and Anderson). 
This tract was surveyed ^Tarch 27, 1784; and it 5s 
extreuH'ly unlikely that be coidd have made the 
long journey from ^'irginia early enough in 1784 
to be entering land at that date. This tract was 
originally entered December 2, 1782; the survey 
was made in March, 1784. This identical tract 

one Gabriel ]\Ladison, made September 30, 1790, in 
which he desci'ilies bis tract as including "all the 
vacant land lying between the line of Samiu'l 
AVoods, John Jouett, Francis Meriwether, and 
Robert I'oage." This indicates that AVoods's tract 
was well known jirior to 17'.t0, and (bat it was prob- 
ably occupied by liini then as his home jdace. It is 
known tliat lie gave (bis 1400 ti'act to his son Sam- 
nel. Tr., in 1701, and (bat James llarvey ^^'oods. 
(be son of Samuel, Jr., was born there in 1792. This 
1400 acre trac( included a( leas( a portion of what 
has now long lieen known as Shakertown, and the 

Samuel Woods conveyed to his son by deed of gift land alone, not counting any improvements, would 


I.rinu i.rrli;ii'>< <'iit' liiiiidml thonsand .lollars. seven men under Tlie coiiniiand of Caidain T.aiii;li- 
Wlicii III- na\c ii lo liis son I in ITiH ) i( was in-oli- ery Avere descending the (Hiio in boats on their wav 
alilv noi wi.rlh four thousand dollars. to settle in Kentucky, and just below the month of 
Tiiere were hut two ]iossilile routes from Central (lie Big .Miami Kivcr (not far fr(Uii Rising t^uu, 
N'iruinia to Central Kentucky in 17S.">. One was Indiana) they were altacked In Indians, and the 
down llie Kanawha to the Ohio, by pack-iiorses lo whole party were killed (U- captured.''* Thousands 
a point lielow tile most dangerous rajiids and fails; of (he ]iioneers from I'ennsylvania and ^[aryland 
ami tile rest of the wa\- bv canoes and batteaux; did come (hat way. because i1 was. for (hem. ]irac- 
aml then (low II (he Ohio by (be laKer means alone. tically the only route. But jieople from Botetourt 
Tile other was one of the (rails tlirough South- ("oiinty. \'irginia, and other ]ioiuts in the Great 
wesKiii \'iri;inia, down the ilolston or the Clinch \'alley, could take the overland trail down to Cuiu- 
Itiver to Powell's \'alley. and (hence through Cum- berland (Jap with far less (rouble and risk, and 
berland (laji li\ I'.oone's Trace into the magnificent (his was, beyond all reasonable doubt, the choice of 
w ildeniess be\ond. II is next to certain that Ham- (he A^'oodses. An interesting account of one of the 
ml Wiiods ami his companions went by this last- most notable com]ianies of emigrants from the \'al- 
naiiied route; for it was impossible to transport ley of Virginia to Kentucky in 1783 is given by 
])rovisioiis ami household goods to a ]ioiut on the Waddell.''"' This account will well repay a careful 
Kanawha, fiom which it would be safe to embark in reading, for it i)resents a vivid picture of the perils 
boats, witlioiii a journey of jierhaps ten days •with .iml liardshijis our forefathers had to face in com- 
pack-hoi-ses; and it was impracticable to construct ing to Kentucky in that early day. This com|iauy, 
liuats of suHicieiit size to ai-commodale the requisite which consisted of a few dozen jieojile when they 
iihiiiIkt of horses. I'jiiigrants from (he \'alley of lef( Staunton, A'a., in Seiitember, 1783, (or 1784), 
N'iruiiiia coiibl not make use of (he water-route was gradually augmented by additions in the iip- 
ti) Keiiiiicky as diil those from I'ittsburg an<l iier ( Southern) end of the Valley, in Southwestern 
oiIki- pcints on ill! iipiier Ohio — there was too A'irginia. and at Beans Station near Clinch River 
much travelling with Inu'ses necessary to he done. in (he edge of Tennessee.and uumbei'cd five huudred 
Then there was another serious objection to the souls before reaching ('nmberlaud Ca]). (Jeneral 
water-route, which was enough to deter jirudeiit Knox, of Rev(dutiouary fame, took command of (his 
men who could i)ossibly go down the trail (o (he consideralde caravan, which was c(unposed of about 
southwest: tlie danger fi'om Indian attacks along one hundred and twenly-fi\'e men and tlii-ee times 
the (>liio f;ir greater than by the other way. that number of wdiiieii and children. Sickness, 
No mure defenceless mode of travel could be im- Indian attacks, and the natural hardships of a 
agiiied than that which families in ordinary boats journey thi-ough a wilderness were encountered; a 
pursued. The savages had only to secrete them- number of \aluabl( I i\cs w ere sacriticeil ; but by the 
sehcs in llie brush along the river's bank and await first of No\-euibei-. Crab ("irchard. Ky., was reached, 
the coming of the buats. ;iiid then ojien lire when the One lady in that coni])any was a .Mrs. Trimble, and 
most (:ii|)(iftmie iminiMil arrived. The occui>aiits in her afiiis she carried her liaby boy, Allen, then 
of the boats could licit her ant ici]iale an attack, nor, but, four years (dd. That boy in after years served 
in many cases. g( t a glimpse of the foe after the fir- the State of Ohio as its governor. Before the com- 
ing began. ( 'on lined to the river's course, the set- ]iany reached Cumberland Cap eight men on horse- 
tiers in their canoes had no choice of iiosition, liack were sent forward as an advanced guard to 
whilst the sava.ncs could deli\cr their <leadly fire, lo<dc out foi- Indian signs: but when the ]irocession 
and (hen easily get away. It was in (he eai'ly arrived at a point near the Cap, they found the 
spring of 1782, that a party of one huudred and mutilated bodies of those eight men. Indians had 
















■ ) 






Wiulaid and Idllcd tliciii, and then scalped llicui. sands of llic dcsn-ndanls dl' ullici- piiinccrs, tliat did 

Tlic savaiics linni;- on tlicii- Hanks for days. Tassinj;' "Wilderness iload" on "noone's Ti-ace" mnsl. I'or 

through Ciinibcrhmd Gap — at which poinl llu' all time, possess ])ecnliar inK'resI ; and lieeanse the 

most favorahk^ opportnuitv inia.iiinahle wonid he antlior of this volnnu' believed this to he I rue, lie 

afforded the ludiaus for tiriug into the party with has been at no small i)ains to secure several ])hoto- 

perfect impunity from the overluiufiiuii- cliffs — tlun' yrajilis of bolii the noted liaps i-eferred lo, and to 

were in constant terror; but the whites took evei'y have them reproduced in line eninraviu<>s expressly 

precaiilion, and tor some reason tbe savages al- for this work. Those scenes const it ute no inconsid- 

lowed them to jiass through without malcing the ex- erable part of the liistoiy of i he settlement of Ken- 

pected attack. Tlie three different beautiful tucky, for along through the two inountaiu ])asses 

pictures of this Gap to be found in tliis volume will which they illustrate not less than fifty thousand 

give the reader a very correct idea of the character settlers came friuu Virginia and the Carolinas from 

of the place. Along the vei"y road shown in these 1775 to 1800. 
pictures those pioneers travelled. The two views As to the exact c«mi]iosit ion of the little ((nniiany 

of AVasioto (iap (also given herein) which is near of which Samuel W Is was ])robably the leadei". 

the present town of Pineville, Ky., and only fifteen or at least a principal member, we can not state 
miles from Cumlterlaml Gap, present the same sort with certainty. Put it is practically certain it 
of conditions so favorable to murderous attacks contained the following persons, to-wit : Samuel 
from and)ush. Those same rocky and precipitous Woods, his wife Margaret, his son Samuel, Jr., and 
moiintain walls which afforded a safe ri'treat to the his aged, widowe<l mother Ann Woods; his brother 
savage Indians a century and a (|uarter ago, were David AVoods, David's (second) wife Mary (nee Mc- 
the hiding places of the eipuilly cruel and murder- Afee), David's sou John by his first Avife, and prob- 
ous "bushwhackers" of the Civil War period. The ably two young children by his second wifi'. That 
present writer, who was camped at this spot while these few persons would not think of undertaking 
in the Confederate cavalry service in IStil, vividly the hazardous journey without other company goes 
I'ecalls, after more than forty years interval, how without saying. From the year 1770 onward the 
deeply impressed he was, from time to time, as he tide of emigration from Virginia to Kentucky 
would glance up at those steep, bold prominences in steadily increased. It was numbered by thousands 
that numntain pass, how easy a thing it would be in 17S2, and was nearly doubled in 1783. Xo doubt 
for a foe to take position just above our camp and parties were made up every spring and fall, notice 
deliver a deadly tire with Sharp's rities to which we of which \\ as spread abroad over all "N'irginia. The 
would be entirely powerless to respond. The very general stoi-e at Drapers Meadows (now Blacks- 
track our forefathers walked along in theyears 1775 burg) near New Kiver was a famous point of de- 
to 1800 by the banks of the Cundierland under the parture, and snpjily depot. Here many a small 
shadow of those same grand mountains is there to- company assembU'd to comjdete arrangements and 
day. One nuiy plant his foot upon many a given help make up large i)arties bound for the lovely 

s]iot in that road now, and say, with almost certain wilderness beyond the untains. The AVoodses 

truth — "^^'i^hin a few inches at most of where my had a goodly nundier of conipani(nis, we may rest 

foot now rests my ancestors walked with cautious assured. There was probably not a single wagon 

tread, ritle in hand, watching with utmost vigilance in the wlnde comiiany. because foi- lu'arly the whole 

for Indian signs." Samuel Woods and family and way from New Kiver westward the road was simply 

his companions in 1782, or 1783, passed this way as a bridle-trail which, for the most jtart. was just 

they slowly toiled along the road to Central Ken- wide enough for a single pack-horse to pass with 

tucky. For his descendants, as for the ten thou- ease. The incidents of the journey of the Woodses 


In Kciiluck.v wv ciiii iKil iindcrtiiko lo recite, for where the town of Beattyville now stands; one 

iiolliiiiii- is known hcynnd the liarc fact that they negro woman naiiu'd Jane; five heifers ; fifteen cat- 

niigrated in ITsi'. <>i- ITn:!. -Iusi wlicic it was they tie; six sheep; tliirty hogs; two sets of plow irons; 

first Jnilicd in winii is now .Mercer (lonnty and be- three feather beds; and a lot of furniture. At the 

gan the erection <if tiieir rnde cabins, we can not same date the two Samuels, father and sou, entered 

say. ^^'e only know dial Samuel AVoods made a into a written agreement touching the deed of gift 

settlemeni of -JOO acres in Mercer County, in sight just mentioned, the original of which is now in the 

of wlieic Siiakerldw n now stands; and that he pre- writer's possession, and which will liere be given in 

enipied 1(10(1 aci-es additional next to tliat tract." full: ''Articles of agreement made and concluded 

This ti-aet, as we infer li-oni an original written by and between Samuel Woods Senior and his son 

document now in the author's hands, and presently Samtiel Woods Junior, both of the county of Mercer 

to be (piofed in full, was his boine-place up to 1791, and District of Kentucky, viz: in consequence of a 

tlioitgli he had nunn i-oiis oi her tracts of land, as lias deed of gift made and acknowledged to me in Court 

already been shown fi-oni the records of the Land of sundry tracts of land, horses, cattle aiul other 

Office ill Frankfoil. Tiie lair inlerence is that he things — the said Samuel Woods Junior do bind my- 

lived on his "sel llenienr" liil after his son's death .self, my heirs, executors &c. in the sum of five hun- 

in 1S(»L'. dred pounds lawful money of Virginia to make 

The records of Mercer County show that Samuel good the articles hereafter mentioned to my father 

Woods, on the .■?()( li day of September, 17SG, was a Samuel Woods Senior and my mother Margaret 

witness to the w ili of his brother David, made that >Voo(ls in consequence of their maiutainauce during 

day, wliicli will was probated at llarrodsburg De- life. 

(•ember .">. list;. He \\;is also made the guardian of "Article the First; One hundred acres of land, 

David's children. That the >\'oodses were living in at the north end of the land the said Samuel Woods 

^Mercer County, Kentucky, in September, 178(], is Senior now lives on, tax free, with the benefit of the 

thus settled beyond all (inestion. It is almost spring pasture and meadow ground, and the half of 

eiiually certain thiy arrived there tliree or four the cleared land that is under fence; Secondly, cue 

years jirior to that date. In the fall of 1701, as negro wencji iiained Jean, one breeding mare, three 

we learn l'r<iin the records (d' .Mercer County, cows, two sows, three slieej), horses and plows to 

Sai I did what extremely few fathers do in our tend the land and to ride when wanted, them and 

d.iy: he ga\e ihe bulk ni' his iirojierty, or at least a their increase during life; Thirdly, the house and 

Very large part of it, to his only child Samuel, Jr., ils furniture is to be under my father Samuel 

who by I his time was evidently a married man ; and ^Voods Senior and my mother Margaret AVoods 

irnsied his son to care fen- his jiarents out of the their direction, their shoes to be made yearly, and 

considerable esiaie thus tinned over to him. Sam- Ihree bushels of salt per yeav found; Fourthly, the 

nel, Sr.. makes a deed of gift to Samuel, Jr., of the ^:>i<l Samuel Woods Juuior agrees to assist my 

lidlowiiig items of real and personal property, to- father to discharge a debt due to Mr. Jacob Fro- 

wil : 1400 acres of land on Shawany Kun, Mercer mjni. Given under my hand and seal this 9th day 

Coiinly, described as his "pre-eiuptiim and .settle- "f Novemlier one thousand seven hundred and 

im 111"; :>7((t acres of land on Ihe waters of Benson ninety-one — 1791." 

Creek .-ibout where the counties of Franklin and "Sam'l. Woods, 

Ander.son adjoin, some miles north of Lawrence- "Samuel Woods JuNR." 

burg; 3000 acres of Ian ate.l in the three forks "Signe.l, sealed and delivered in the presence of 

of Kentucky Jliver, which is described as being part us, "Saml. McKee 

of 10,000 acres he owned there, which was near "James McDowell." 


































The above recited agreement was written in good ways important, and suggest ofttimes the most 
clear character. The inlc used in the body of it has valuable historical facts. The deed of gift on 
hardly faded at all, but that employed by the Avit- which this agreement was based was signed by the 
nesses has grown dim, and the paper is yellow with same witnesses wliose signatures are attached to the 
age. It was evidently not in the handwriting of agreement itself witli tlic addition of the name of 
any one of the four persons whose names are at- one William (iordon. The present writer has never 
tached thereto. The chirograpliy (if Samuel Woods, seen the original of the deed, but the copy made 
Senior, if one may .iudge by a single signature, was from it on the Mercer roiuily records gives James 
poor, whilst that of his son is decidedly fair, and McDowell (not McDanielll as one of them. This 
like that of a man accustomed to writing a good would seem to indicate that the clerk at least under- 
deal. The two witnesses used an ink different from stood the name to be McDowell. It was recorded 
that employed in the body of tlie agreement, and January 24, 1792, a few months before Kentucky 
there is some uncertainty as to the signatures of was admit led into the I'niuu as a State, 
each of them. The name of the first one seems to be Samuel ^Vdods was bereaved of his son Samuel, 
McKee and that of the other to be JIcDowell, but in Jr., in 1802, and nothing is known of him till 1819, 
each case the last part of the sui'nauie is obscure, when the records of Mercer County (Book 11, pages 
the original formation of the letters having been 337-8) show that he and one Gabriel Alexander 
indefinite, and the ink having faded considerably, were engaged in carrying on a tan-yard in Harrods- 
It is just possible the last one was McDaniells, but liui-g. It seems the tirm dwncd fauv unc-linlf acre 
it was more jjrobably McDowell. We know that "inn lots" in Ilari'odsburg ( Xos. (iS, 09, 72, and 82), 
the McDowells were blood-kin of the Woodses, and having their homes on one part of the land and 
Samuel McDowell (afterwards Judge) was then their tannery on another part. In 1823 Samuel 
living in Mercer County, having settled there in Woods was pensioned by the U. S. Government for 
1784. James McDowell, an older brother to Sam- his services in the Revolutionary War, as has al- 
uel, was also living in Kentucky then, liaving ready been shown. lie an<l :\[argaret his wife were 
moved from Virginia in 1783, aljout the time Sam- then very old and feeble, and they were living with 
uel Woods did. James McDowell and Samuel their grandson, James Harvey Woods, in Harrods- 
Woods may have been warm personal friends; for, burg. There Samuel died Feb. 3, 1826, at the age 
besides being kinsmen, and having migrated to Ceu- of eighty-eight. Nothing is known by the writer 
tral Kentucky about the same time, both had been as to the time of Margaret's death. Of their re- 
Revolutionary soldiers from the Valley of Virginia, ligious beliefs, ju'ofessions and hopes the writer has 
James might liave been in fiercer at the time, visit- no means of knowing anything beyond the fact that 
ing liis brother Samuel McDowell, and may also Samuel was reared in the family of a godly Presby- 
have renewed at this time his acipiaintance with his terian, Michael Woods, Jr, 

cousin and fellow soldier Samuel Woods. What Before proceeding to treat of Samuel's son 
has somewhat the appearance of a final s in his (Samuel, Jr.) it will be proper to interpose some 
signature here may only have been a meaningless remarks concerning several other men by the name 
curl, such as many persons give to their signatures, of Samuel Woods, who, either in Virginia or Ken- 
But there is a dot or short stroke above tlie middle tacky, or in both States, were cbise to each other, so 
of the surnanu^ which looks as if meant to indicate close, in fact, that now and then it has seemed very 
the letter i. This witness was certainly a Me- difficult to discriminate them from each other. 
Dowell or a. McDaniell. This apparently unim- Some of these Samuels we shall mention, giving 
portant matter isdwelt upon because the signatures what information we have been able to gather in 
to all authentic ancient documents are, really, al- regard to them. They may be named as follows : 


(a) Saimu'l Woods of Augusta ; (b) Samuel Woods him to America in 1724, namely: James, William 

of Albciiuu-le; (c) Samuel Woods of Amherst; (d) or AndreAv? 

Samuel Woods of Botetourt ; (e) Samuel Woods of (b) There was a Samuel Woods iu Albemarle 
Koekbridiie; and (f) Samuel Woods of Paint Lick, County, Virginia,'"' who was one of the origmal 
Kentuck.v. These six individuals do not by any purchasers of lots in ( Miarlotlesville about 1763. 
m(>aiis exliaust ilic supply of Samuel Woodses, but He died in 1784. His daughter Barbara married 
tlicy iifc ihe only ones we need to consider in this George Martin; Margaret married Richard Nether- 
connection, land; Mary married Benjamin Harris; Jane mar- 
(a) I'irst. there was a Samuel 'Woods in Au- ried Joseph [Montgomery; and Elizabeth married 
gusta County, Virginia, who, as (he records of his 'V^'illiam B. Harris. His only son was John B. 
county show, ligured in some real estate transac- Woods, of whom the writer knows nothing. Dr. 
tions thei-c :it an early day. For instance, he and Edgar Woods thinks this Samuel Woods was a 
a William A\'oods conveyed to Peter Wallace a brother of a James and a Ki(liiir(MVoods who lived 
tract of lL'(» acres of hind, l-'ebruary 24, 17r)l. This in Alliciiunb', and surmises tliat tlicse men were 
land was in the forks of .lames Kiver. and adjoined close kin to ^lichad Woods of Blair Park. 
tliaiof iiicliard Woods and Joseph Lapsley, and is (c) There was a Saiinic] \\(iods of Amherst 
described as "a part of ^\■iliiam Woods's land.'' County, Virginia, the only thing about whom we 
Then .March .">, 17.");!, Samuel and William convey a know is tliat tlu^ records at Staunton, Virginia, 
tract of 203 acres to Benjamin Borden, (lent. This show that on the 19th of May, 1777, one Henry 
land was on Woods's Creek, a tributary of the A'N'atterson, of Botetourt County, Virginia, deeded 
Jaunts, and adjoined Peter Wallace and Joseph to him 100 acres of land, lying in Augusta County, 
Lapsley. In neither of tlie before mentioned con- for twenty pounds. There was a family of 
veyances is there any Hicnt ion of either grantor hav- Woodses there, but to what l)ranch this particular 
ing a wife, whence we infer they were unmarried individual belonged we have no knowledge. It may 
men at tlic dates named. Xow we are nearly cer- lie that tlu' records of Andierst County (erected out 

tain that Richard W Is, whose land the first of Albemarle County in 17G1) would reward the 

named tract adjoined, was a brother-in-law to both search of any who cares to investigate the matter. 
Peter \\'allace and Josejih La])sley, and a son of There was a James Woods living there in 1761, a 
.Michael Woods of IJlair I'ark, and it is Ncry likely farmer, who that year deeded .SoO acres of land to 
Dial llie Samuel and ^\'illiam ^^'oods under coTisid- one Samuel Woods, a storekeeper. Whether this 
eratiou were near kinsmen of Richard ^^■oods. As Samuel was the one wlio is refcn-ed to in the pre- 
they were ])assing the title to real estate in the year ceding paragraph ( li ) as a citizen of Albemarle can 
IT.'.l. ihey could not have been liorn later than the hardly be nmde out. The record of this conveyance 
year 1730; and they could not both have been either is in Albemarle, but as Andierst was carved out of 
sons or grandsons of .Michael of P.lair Park. We Albemarle that year (1761) the citizenship of the 
have no idea who they wci-e, except that they lived parties may have been in either of tliose counties, so 
in tlie midst of a "nest" of Woodses, no less than far as we can tell from the data now at hand, 
four of whose occu]iants were the children of (d) There was anothir Samuel Woods, who lived 
.Michael Woods of Blair i'ark, namely; Richar<l in Botetourt County, Virginia, whose wife was 
Woods. Mrs. Peter Wallace, .Mrs. Jos<'ph Lapsley, named Jean. .\11 we know of him is that the rec- 
and .Airs. Magdalen McDowell-Borden-Bowyer. ords of that county show that he and his wife con- 
Could they have been sons of one of the three broth- veyed 340 acres of land lying on Purgatory Creek, a 
ers of Michael of Blair Park who migrated with branch of James River, to one Thomas Crow, No- 



vember 18, 1780. Were it not that we know that 
the wife of the Samuel Woods who migrated to 
Mercer County, Kentucky, in 1782, and died at his 
grandson's home in Harrodshurg in 182G, Avas 
named Margaret, we miglit have supposed that this 
man was he. 

(e) A fifth Samuel Woods is known to have lived 
in Virginia, Rockltridge County. This one was a 
son of Richard Woods whose wife was named Jenny 
(Janet or Jane). Richard's will was made June 2, 
1777, and he died in 177".l. One of liis hvo sons — 
the Samuel Woods now under consideration — was 
made his executor. To Samuel and the other son 
(Benjamin) Richard devised his home place in 
Rockbridge County. This place was near Lexing- 
ton, and right in the neighborhood where five of the 
children of Michael Woods of Blair Park lived, 
namely ; Mrs. Ool. John Bowyer, ]Mrs. Joseph Laps- 
ley, Mrs. Peter Wallace, Mrs. Andrew Wallace, and 
the testator himself, Richard Woods. In 1783 Sam- 
uel and Benjamin sold the home place which they 
had inherited from their father to Col. John Bow- 
yer, their uncle-in-law ; and the late Major Varner 
of Lexington, Va., stated, in a letter written to the 
author of this volume in August, 1893, that both 
Samuel ami Benjamin ]ii'obably migrated to Ken- 
tucky along with the vast company of Virginians of 
the Great Valley who about that period sought 
luimes in that charming wilderness. He also be- 
lieved that Richard Woods had other children be- 
sides the two sons just referred to. Of this Samuel 
AVoods Ave can not affirm anything more with cer- 
tainty, unless, indeed, he is to be identified as the 
man of that name next to be considered, which 
seems not at all unlikely. If Richard Woods, who 
died in 1779, Avas, as we believe, about sixty-five 
when he died, Ave could safely assume that his son 
Samuel was not less tlian tliirty, aud not more than 
fifty years old when, in 1783, he is supposed to have 
migrated to Kentucky. There were some entries of 
land made in Central Kentucky about 1783, and 
later on, by a Samuel Woods Avho could not possibly 
liave been the one who lived in fiercer County, Ken- 
tucky, and died in Harrodshurg in 1826. The Land 

Office in Frankfort contains full accounts of those 

(f) Finally there was a Samuel Woods who re- 
sided on Paint Lick Creek in Avhat is now Madison 
County, Kentucky, who may possibly haA^e been the 
same man as the Samuel Woods just considered. 
This man figured in several real estate transactions ; 
one in May, 1783, as set forth in Note 70, which see; 
and others in July, 1796, as shoAvn by the Madison 
County records. Garrard County Avas that same 
year carved out of portions of Lincoln, jVIadison and 
Mercer Counties. The stream called Paint Lick 
Creek is almost wholly Avithin the county of Madi- 
son, but the village and the Presbyterian church of 
Paint Lick are located iuimediately on the Garrard 
and Madison line. This Samuel ^Voods Avas an 
elder in that church for at least fifteen years, 
or longer. He on several occasions repre- 
sented the Paint Lick and Silvci- Creek Pres- 
byterian churches, the first named of Avhich 
AA-as organized in 1784. March 30. 1785, a 
Conference of Presbyterian ministers and elders 
was held at the Cane Run Presbyterian Church, in 
Mercer County, a feAv miles east of Harrodshurg; 
and at this gathering Samuel Woods represented 
Paint Lick Church." As a result of this Confer- 
ence the Presbytery of Transylvania was organized 
in the fall of 1786. In October, 1789, Avhen the 
Presbytery met at Cane Ihin Church, this same 
Samuel Woods was present as the elder from Paint 
Lick and Silver Creek. In October, 1794, he rep- 
resented Paint Lick at the Presbytery which con- 
vened in his own church ; aud then in 1797, Avhen it 
met at Stanford. In al)out the year 1800 he moved 
with his family to AMlliamson County, Tennessee. 
Mr. Le Grand M. -lonc-s, of Trenton, Tennessee, pub- 
lished a little volume concerning the descendants 
of this Samuel AVoods, Mrs. Jones, his wife, having 
been descended from him; and u]ioii IJiis hook the 
author has draA\n for a list of Samuel Woods's chil- 
dren, and for several other items of information."* 
The author does not pretend to affirm positively 
that this Samuel Woods was identical with the one 
just considered, who Avas a son of Richard Woods, 


of Ko.kbri.loc ( '„mity, Virginiii. and a graudsou of Tliat would have been entirely feasible. Secondly, 
iMichael Woods ..r I'.lair I'ark. lie does not liesi- this vSamuel Woods of Taint Lick could not 
tatejiowcver, to say that he considers it very prob- possibly have acted more exactly as we should 
able tlial ilic I wo Saiuueis are one and the same, liave expected a son of Kichard to act, in 
The onlv lliiiig o])]iosed to this supi)osition, so far deciding on a location for a- home, than he 
as the i)resent wriicr is aware, is the assertion of actually <liil. ^Mih all of Central Kentucky to 
Judge (iideon 15. Hlack of Trenton. Tennessee, a choose from he selected a spot which was about as 
oraudson of tlie person now under consideration complete a nest of the grandchildren of old Michael 
(quoted by ]Mr. J(mes), to the effect that Samuel of Blair Park as lie could have found in tlie world. 
Woods migrated to Kentucky from North Carolina, The sons of not less than three of old Michael's sons 
he having come to that colony from Ireland. The ^yere within five to twenty-five miles of where he 
writer is unable to gather from :Mr. Jones's book settled, namely: two of those of Michael, Jr., 
whether this statement of Judge lUack was merely across Dick's River; several of AVilliam's about 
his oi)inion, liascd u]>on nnccftain tradition, or a ^vhere Liclimond now stands; and some of 
piece of definite information, founded upon written jolui's in what is now Garrard County; and 
family records or other unquestionable docu- ^^p j^p^r Crab Orchard, the ^Michael Woods 
mentary evidence. If .Mr. Jones had asserted that ^hose wife, Hannah Wallace, about ITSO, so 
the latter was the case, the matter might well Ite in-^yely attacked an Indian who sought entrance to 
considered as settled. But the writer has learned ]jpj. j^ome. It is probalde tliat Avhen Samuel of 
only too thorouglily, during the years in which he pj^jnt T>ick bnilt his cabin in what is now Madison 
has been iirosecnling his researches for tliis work, Tounty there were within one to five hours' ride of 
that thousands of the most intelligent and respect- ],j,j^ „,,|. jpgj, fiij,,, j^ ^core of Woodses, the grand- 
able people in this country are utterly unable to children and great-grandchildren of IMichael of 
give much ])ositive, reliable information concerning Blair Park. When men migrate to a distant 
their grandparents. They <lo not know, with cer- frontier region full of danger it is natural to locate 
tainty, just where or when they were born, from dose to kinsmen, if there l)e any tlu're; and when 
whence they came, or in what ])art of America they fi,i<^ f^amuel halted at Paint Lick in 178:1-4 he was 
first settled, etc., etc. And this, because thousands surrounded by a goodly comjiany of Woodses who 
of our best families have either not taken care to (like himself, as we surmise i were grandsons of old 
preserve, in writing, the items of their history; or ^fichael of Blair Park. Thirdly, we have a right to 
else what was written down has been unfortunately nttach no little significance to the Christian names 
lost or destroyed. It can therefore do no harm to which a pai'ent gives to his children; and a careful 
here set down the sevoM'al considerations which in- scrutiny of the names of the children of Samuel of 
(■line the authoi- of this Avork to n gard it as very Paint Lick reveals some fads not very easily ex- 
probable that Samuel Woods, of I'aint Lick and plained except upon the theory that he was a grand- 
Tennessee, was the same as Samuel, of Rockbridge son of IMichael of Blair Park, and a son of Richard 
County. Virginia. First, there is the statement of of Rockbridge. The mother of Samuel of Rock- 
the late ilajor N'arner, above cited, that Samuel bridge was named Jane, and it were natural for him 
Woods, the son of Richard, sold out his farm about to name one of his girls for her; we find Samuel of 
the year 17S3 and jnobably migrated to Kentucky Paint Lick named one of his daughters Jane, who 
as thousands of other Virginians did at that period, married John Herron. It would also have been a 
Of course, Samuel, son of Richard Woods, might very likely thing for Samuel of Rockbridge to name 
have moved to North Carolina in 1783, and then in one of his girls ■\Iartha, in honor of his aunt who 
a few months, or a year, ha\-e gone to Kentucky, was Peter Wallace's wife, and who lived close to 



his old home iu Rockbi'idge; Samuel of I'aiut I^ick 
named one of his girls Martha, who married John 
Dyzart. Then Samuel of Kockhi'idge had a 
distinguislied uncle John — (Ntlouel John Woods, 
of Albemarle — and it Wduld lia\c been a 
very proper thinii to call one of tlie sons for tiiat 
prominent kinsman. Samuel of I'aint Lick named 
one of his sons John, who was born in 1774, and 
died in lS4(i. Samuel of Rockbridiic knew that his 
father's Scotch mother was named Mary, and be- 
longed to the famous Clan Cam]ibell of which the 
Duke of Argyle was the cliiet, and how natural 
for liim to name for her one of Ids (huigli(ci-s. Sam- 
uel of Paint Lick named one of his daughters Mary 
(often called Polly as a pet-name). Finally, Sam- 
uel of Rockbridge had a near kinsman, the sou of 
his uncle ^lichael Woods, Jr. (of Botetourt 
County), who lived near by and wJiom lie must 
have known intimately and f<u- whom he may have 
cherished a special affection. This first cousin was 
named David Woods, and it would not have been 
at all remarkable if Samuel had honored this kins- 
man by calling one of his boys David in his honor. 
Samuel of Paint Lick not only named one of his 
boys Davi<l ^^'oods, but when he came to Kentucky 
settled in \\-liat ^as then the same county, and only 
about twenty miles distant from this David Woods 
who came to Kentucky about the same time Sam- 
uel of I'aint Lick did, and who, for aught we know, 
may have actually accompanied him to Kentucky 
when he migrated. Let it also be borne in mind 
that Samuel Woods, the Kevolulionary xctcran w ho 
settled near Kentucky River in Mercer County, 
and died in Ilarrodsburg in 1826, was, as already 
stated, living within twenty-five miles of tlie place 
this Samuel of Paint Lick located, and came to 
Kentucky most probably the very year the Mercer 
County Samuel and his brother David came. 

Of course, we grant that we have not in these 
facts a complete demonstration of the truth of the 
supposition that Samuel of Paint Lick was the son 
of Richard Woods of Rockbridge; but it must be 
admitted that such an array of coincidences is not 
to be lightly ignored; and if Judge Black, in assert- 

ing tliat his graiidfadici- Siuiincl of I'ainI l.ick 
came in Kentucky from Xorlh (Jarolinu, and had 
come to (Jarolina from Ireland, had no reliable 
written evidence of llic accuracy of these asser- 
tions, 1hi(, relied iiiei-el_\- npoii Ihe somewhat uncer- 
tain traditions \vc so ofleii hear repeated in fam- 
ilies, then it would seem liiil reasonable to accei)t as 
most probable I lie ilieoi-y which the writer has i)i'o- 
pounded. Here it may be observed that the in- 
formation Mr. Jones got from Judge Black and 
others as to Samuel Woods and his children 
bears (he marks (d' \('rlial (radii ions and no( of 
l)eing derived from \vrit(,en documents.''" 

The writer would add concerning Samuel of 
Paint Lick that for a. time he was no little confused 
by the records of State and county ufiices concern- 
ing this worthy gentleman. He found that his 
imme was not only Samuel, but that he had a son 
Samuel, that his wife was named Margaret, and 
that he had come to Kentucky about 1782-3. AH 
these three things were true of the writer's great- 
grandfather, who lived in fiercer, and died there 
in 1826. When it was discovered, however, that 
Paint Lick Sannud had migrated to Tennessee 
about the year 1800, it was nmde clear that he was 
a different man from tlie Samuel of Mercer County. 
Then a closer examination of court recoi-ds and 
other reliable sources of iuformatiim made this 
conclusion to appear absolutely correct. 

The lady who was the wife of Samuel Woods of 
Paint Lick while he was in Kentucky was, beyond 
([uestion, his first wife. Ilei- Christian jianie, as 
the Madison County records prove, was Margaret; 
and Judge Black positively states (quoted by Mr. 
Jones in his Reminiscences) that her .surname was 
Holmes. Samuel had born to him ten children, 
all by his first wife, .Margaret Holmes, as follows: 
(a) Oliver, who was born about 1764, and was 
killed by Indisins; (b) .Mardui, who married John 
Dyzart, by whom she had (wo sons and two daugh- 
ters, one of the sons being named John; (c) Jane, 
who married John Herron, and by whom she had 
one daughter and three sons, the daughter marry- 
ing John Dyzart her cousin, and the sons being 



named Johu, William, and Frank, respectively; 
(d) Margaret, who married Thomas Black August 
20, 1793, and b^- whom she had twelve children, tlie 
youngest of win mi ^\■as Judge (Jideon B. Black, 
born February 4, 181G; (e) Johu, who was born 
April 21, 1774, and died August 2(), 1846; (f) Sam- 
uel, who married Ann Prevince; (g) David, who 
married a Miss McLaryo, by whom he had several 
sons who moved to Arkansas; (j) Daniel T., who 
married a Miss Beese, by whom he had several 
childreji, among whom was a son named Leroy, 
who was a distinguished Cumberland Presbyte- 
rian minister; (k) Oliver, named for the tii'st son 
n( iliis Maine w h(i was killed \>y Indians, as stated 
above; and (1) Polly, (Mary) who married John 
Holmes, by whom she had several children, among 
whom were sons named John, \yilliam and Sam- 
uel, respectively. 

As stated on a previous page, Samuel Woods, 
the Kevolutionary soldier, who migrated fmni 
Botetourt County, Virginia, to Mercer County, 
Kentucky, about the year 17S2-3, and died at Har- 
rodsburg in 182G, had an only son, named for him- 
self, whom we shall designate as Samuel Woods, 
Jr. The date of his birth could not have been far 
from 1761-3, and the place, beyond all reasonable 
doubt, was Albemarle County, Virginia, where his 
parents were living up to 17(16, if not later. Born 
about the close of the French and Indian Wars, his 
boyhood covered a troublous period of American 
historv; for no sooner had the contest of Eng- 
land and her colonies with the French and their 
Indian allies been settled, than there arose serious 
disagreements between the Mother Country and 
the American colonies which in the course of time 
culminated in the Revolution. From 1766 to 1776 
his father had a farm on Boauoke Biver, and prob- 
ably lived there. Thus the first twenty years of his 
life were lived in the midst of constant civil com- 
motion. The attempt of England to compel the 
colonies to aid her in paying the del)ts she had 
created, the unjust Navigation Laws, and the 
famous Stamp Act of 1765 were the main causes 
of discontent and resentment on the part of the 

Colonies. Sannud Woods, Jr., was a little boy only 
about two to four years old when Patrick Henry 
delivered the eloquent and patriotic speech in the 
Virginia House of Delegates (May, 1765) which 
foretokened the coming storm. He was about ten 
or twelve years old when the citizens of Boston 
threw the tea from the English ships into the har- 
bor, and ab(jut twelve or fourteen when Washing- 
ton went to Cambridge to take fornml command of 
''The American Army." In the spring of 1776 his 
father entered the Twelfth Virginia Regiment of 
the Continental Line, and was in the regular serv- 
ice for three years, and then served in the militia 
from time to time till the close of the Revolution; 
and as bis mother had no other children besides 
Iiimself, and he was only thirteen to fifteen when 
the war began, he doubtless renuxined at home and 
rendered little if any military service. He was 
about twenty to twenty-two years old when his 
jiarents and tlie other Woodses migrated to Ken- 
tucky. His home in fiercer County seems to have 
lieen near Shawnee Run, and within sight of the 
spot where Shakertown (Pleasant Hill) was after- 
wards built. In fact, that village occupied part 
of the 1,400 acre tract which his father conveyed 
to him by deed of gift in 1791, and the old Woods 
homestead was close to the turnpike which extends 
from Shakertown to Lexington, its exact location 
being indicated on the map of Mercer County to be 
found in this volume. 

The marriage of Sannnd Wofyds, Jr., (between 
1786 and 1791) occasioned considerable discussion 
in the family, and by some of his friends was re- 
garded as unwise. The grounds of tlieir opposi- 
tion have never been fully understood by the pres- 
ent writer, but there is no reason to suppose their 
objections were at all serious. The facts seem to 
have been as follows: Samuel \\'oods, Jr., had an 
uncle David Woods, who, about 1779, had mar- 
ried Mary McAfee, the daughter of James McAfee, 
Jr., afterwards know-n as James McAfee, the 
Pioneer of Kentucky. When David Woods mar- 
ried Mary he was a widower, and owned and lived 
at his father's old homestead on James River— the 



Shepherd's Island Farm, whilst Mary's parents 
were living down on Catawba Creek in what is now 
Roanoke Count}', Virginia. The Woodses and 
McAfees were probably good friends, and it is 
just possible that Samuel Woods, Jr., liad known 
and admired Mary before she became the wife of 
his uncle David in 1779, for a youth of sixteen does 
sometimes entertain tender sentiments towards a 
bright-eyed young lady, even though he may be a 
few years her junior, which was probably true in 
this instance. The Woodses migrated to Ken- 
tucky, as has been shown, about 1782 or 1783, the 
McAfees having preceded them by three or four 
years. Samuel, Jr., lived witli liis parents on 
Shawnee Run, and his uncle David and family 
were only a few miles away on Cane Run. That 
the two families should be on excellent terms, and 
see much of each other, were but natural. It came 
to pass, in the fall of 1786, that David Woods died, 
leaving Mary a widow with one stepson, and three 
little folks of her own which she had borne to 
David. Samuel Woods, Senior (father of Samuel, 
Jr.) became the guardian of David's children. 
What passed in the years following we know not, 
except that smiiewiiere after 1786,andprior to 17!ll , 
Samuel Woods, J i-.,iHaiiie(llns uncle David's widow. 
She was his aunt-in-law, and her three children 
were, by blood and marriage, his first cousins. 
jMost probably she was a few years older than 
Samuel. It is known that this marriage created 
a stir in the family at the time, as might reason- 
ably be expected ; but there was, of course, nothing 
inherently improper in such a match. She was 
not of his blood-kin, and there was no more im- 
propriety in a man's marrying an aunt-in-law than 
there is now in marrying a sister-in-law. The fact 
that she was a widow with several children, and 
possibly a few years his senior, was a matter of 
mere taste. No doubt Samuel considered Mary 
such a valuable prize that he was perfectly willing 
to have her in spite of sentiment and the impedi- 
menta she brought along with her. Certain it is, 
that they were married, and so far as we can learn, 
it was a happy match which nobody seems to have 

regretted. Four children — two sons, and two 
daughters — were the fViiil of tliis marriage. Tlie 
children will be referred to presently. 

It may appear strange that the present writer, 
(who is a grandson of this Samuel Woods, Ji".,) 
should have to confess that he knows exceedingly 
little about him ; but it will not seem so very 
strange, after all, when it is noted that the writer's 
father died early in 1860, when the writer was only 
tifteen, and tlial Saimiel Woods, Ji-., died in ]S(IL', 
when his son (James Harvey Woods, the writer's 
father) was not ten years old. Under such cir- 
cumstances, unless pretty complete written records 
had been kept in the family — which seems not to 
have been done — the writer could not be expected 
to know a great deal about his ancestors. 

The fiercer County records contain a niiiiiber 
of items which throw some little light on the career 
of Samuel \\'<iods, Ji-., and .Mary his wife, whicli 
will here be presented for the benefit of their de- 
scendants, quite a number of whom have been 
among the most liberal and enthusiastic promoters 
of the eftorts which have resulted in the publica- 
tion of this volume. It has already been shown 
that Samuel NN'oods, Jr., received frcnn his father, 
by deed of gift, in November, 1791, a considerable 
estate, consisting of a good deal of personal prop- 
erty besides three tracts of land aggregating above 
8000 acres in extent. Much of this land was of 
the finest quality to be found in Kentucky, and 
the whole wcnild sell to-day for nearly a. quarter 
of a million dollars without a fence or house upon 
it. One of those tracts included two and a third 
square miles of the land at Shakertown, and an- 
other included about six square miles of the land 
just north of where Lawrenceburg, Ky., now 
stands. It is next to certain he and David Woods's 
widow had been married only a few months when 
he received this handsome setting up. The widow 
he married was the mother of several children, and 
he certainly had need of some property, even 
though ^lary and her children had inherited a com- 
fortable estate from David Woods, deceased. The 
fatlier of the young man saw that his son had 


now ii },M-eat deal larger family at the beginuiug 
of liis iiKirried life than uuiuy a man has ten years 
aflcr iiuuTyiug, and Haiuuel, the elder, had only his 
wife and himself to support. Hence this unusually 
liberal provision for tlie son was timely as it was 
generous. From various allusions in the records 
of .Mercer ("ounty it is clear that Samuel, -Jr., was 
a farmer, and probably occupied part of his time 
in taking stock, hides and produce in tlat-boats 
down the Kentucky and Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers to ZS'ew Orleans, to exchange for Spanish 
doubloons. There is a reference to his having been 
at Natchez, Mississippi, and to tlie fact that some 
man there owed him money in 1802. In one trans- 
action of July 5, 1801, he is called "Captain Sam- 
uel Woods, Jr.," and among his effects after his 
death in 1802, we And a sword and a regimental 
uniform, whence Ave infer he was the captain of a 
company of militia. His father had been a soldier 
in the Revolution, and his son James Harvey 
Woods was in the Win- of 1812, ;nid we should ex- 
pect him to be not wholly devoid of military ardor, 
especially as during the first ten years of his life in 
Kentuckv' Indian raids were common, and every 
man able to bear arms was needed for military serv- 
ice. We find he conveyed away a good deal of his 
real estate from time to time, but so far as the rec- 
ords indicate he must have been the owner of most 
of the 8000 acres when he died. April 26, 1802, he 
sold to one Charles IJrown, for 200 pounds (about 
$6fi().00) a tract of 100 acres on Shawnee and 
Cedar Run, being a part of the 1400 acres his father 
gave him in 17!»1. He had a great many business 
and financial transactions with one Jacob Froh- 
man, and this "Jacob" evidently had heavy claims 
on the estate when Woods died. Frohman was 
made the administrator of the estate of Woods 
after he died. Frohman was most probably a Jew, t>f said land in an action at law was a single miss- 

show that bis wife and her first husband's children 
had inherited a considerable quantity of land from 
David Woods. April 20, 1802, a singular transac- 
tion in land was nuule, and the fiercer County 
records mention it. John Sheely, Jr., gets a deed 
for 230 acres of the laud of Samuel Woods, Jr., 
and yet Samuel never signed the deed. The wit- 
nesses, Galey and Munday, sw(^)re that Samuel 
meant to sign it, but did not. The consideration 
was 200 pounds or about •|(>()G.OO, A\hicli was about 
three dollars an acre for the land. There are in- 
dications that Samuel took an extensive trip "down 
the river" — as one document states — probably to 
New Orleans, in the spring of 1802; and there are 
some reasons for thinking that he either died while 
on that trip, or contracted then his last illness. 
Aln-aham Frohman, in a document dated February 
22, 1805, swears that he applied to one Jeremiah 
Ruth at Natchez, Miss., for some money which was 
due to Sainuii Woods, .Tr., deceased. The exact 
month of his death is not known. Certain it is 
that at the Court held in Harrodsburg in August, 
1802, Jacob Frohman was appointed his adminis- 
trator, and at the Court held in November, 1802, an 
inventory of his effects was filed by George Han- 
kins, Renjamin Galey, and Charles Brown, and the 
aforesaid Jacob Frolimau was then referred to as 
administratcu-, and a creditor of Woods's estate. 
The manner in whU-h the land of Samuel Woods, 
Jr. — especially the magnificent tract on Shawnee 
Run — was disposed of excited much comment 
among his descendants in after days, and it was 
the opinion of his grandson, the late Thomas C. 
A\'oods, Attorney-at-Law, of Lebanon, Ky., that 
there had been somewhere and somehow some bad 
management, if not something worse; and that tlie 
only thing which prevented the recovery of much 

who was a iiioiiey-lender and bnid-si)eeulator, and 
there was also an Abraham Frohman concerned in 
some of the same transactions. Frohman did not 
make his final settlement in court, as administra- 
tor, till May, 1816. A number of transactions in 

ing link in the evidence. Suit was actually begun 
in the Mercer Cireuit ( Nmrt fifty years ago, and the 
records to-day contain the pleadings. Where or 
how Samuel ^Voods, Jr., died the writer knows not. 
Mary McAfee, who was David Woods's widow 

which Samuel signs deeds as the husband of Mary when she married Samuel, Jr., was the first child 



of James McAfee, Jr., bj his wife Ai^ues Clark. 
She was most probably* boru about 1760 on Ca- 
tawba Creek, in what is now Roanoke Co., Va. 
The Woodses and McAfees mnst liavc been intimate 
friends. JMichael Woods, Jr., Andrew >\(iods, and 
Archibald Woods — three sons of Michael of Klair 
Park — lived near the McAfee settlement. Archi- 
bald Woods purchased the old McAfee homestead 
(Indian Camp Farm) on the Catawba in 1771, and 
James McAfee, Sr.,and his sons and dauLihters lived 
close to Indian Camp. Fi'om 1771 onward until 
the JIcAfees migrated to Kentucky (1779) the 
home of James .McAfee, Sr., was very close to what 
is now known as the Roanoke Red Sulphur 
Springs. Andrew Woods lived only about two 
hours' ride to the northward from James McAfee, 
and Michael Woods, Jr., lived on James River about 
three hours' ride to the northeast of Andrew's 
place. In a sparsely settled country in a frontier 
region people living that near each other were con- 
sidered close neighbors. When the McAfees mi- 
grated to Kentucky in 1779, Mary did not accom- 
pany them. She had probably just recently mar- 
ried David Woods, the well-to-do widower on 
James River. But it was only a very few years 
after tliat tlie AVoodses moved to Kentucky and 
settled within but a few miles of the McAfee Set- 
tlement. David Woods chose the "Cane Run 
Neighborhood" for his home, and there Mary seems 
to have resided till after David's death. The ex- 
act year in which slie married Samuel Woods, Jr., 
is not certainly known. Her first husband died iu 
the fall of 1780, and we know she was the wife of 
SaiiMK 1 Woods, .Ii-., Iiy 17!J], and possibly a little 
earlier. We know her first child by Samuel Woods 
was born in 1792. By her first husband she had 
three children, to wit: William, Elizabeth and 
Nancy, of whom we shall have more to say when 
we come to consider David AVoods, son of Michael 
Woods, Jr., who was Mary McAfee's first Iiusband. 
In all the deeds and wills examined by the writer 
in which Mary is referred to she is called "Polly," 
the common ijet-name for Mary. Of the time, 
place and manner of her death nothing is known 

beyond the fact llial in a deed made October i, 
1813, and recorded in .Mercer County, conveying 
to one Richard Ilohnau 19(1 acres of land on Salt 
River, which is signed l)y all the living heirs of 
both David Woods and Satnnel Woods, .Jr., ( except, 
possibly, ^Martha, the dangliter of the latter, who 
niai'iieil \"an Slieieyi, siie is ret'erred to as being 
already dead, itut no intimation is given as to when 
her death occnii-ed. If born in 17G0, and dead by 
1813, she only lived tifty-three yeai's. It is just 
possible she was born as early as 1758, but this is 
not likely. I lei- faiiiei- was only twenty-two years 
old in 1758. She was probably l)nried alongside 
of her parents in their linrial-plot a few hundred 
yards to the south of the present New Providence 
Cemetery. Her father, James McAfee, became the 
guardian of her minor children after her deal h. 

The children of Sanmel Woods, Jr., by ids wile 
Mary {ncc McAfee) were certainly four in num- 
ber, and it is barely possible there was one more, 
to wit: (a) James Harvey W^oods, who was born 
September 12, 1792, who married ^Miss Sarah 
Everett Dedman of A'ersailles, Kentucky, iu 1818, 
and had by her twelve children, and died in Har- 
rodsburg, Kentucky, February 3, 1800. A fuller 
account of liim will be given in the sketch of Rev. 
Neander M. AVoods, his son, in Part III of this 
work, (b) Anne, or ^Vnna, who was probably born 
about the year 1794, and married George Bohon. 
She had nine children, as fcdiows: James, Abram, 
Mary, Callierine, Clarke, Nancy, Joseph, Isaac 0., 
and (leorge Ann. (c) l'ossilil\ one named Saliv, 
w ho may liaxc been boni abonl the year 179(). ( )f Iht 
tlie writer knows nothing lieyond the fact thai a 
person of this name is mentirnKd in a deed of (>cto- 
ber 4, 1813, which appears to be signed liy all of 
Ihe heirs of Mary (Polly) AVoods, deceased, con- 
veying 190 acres of land on Salt River to one Rich- 
ard llolman. This deed is signed l>y tlic two sons 
of David AA'oods; the two daughters of l>avid 
AA'oods, and their husbands; and four of Ihe chil- 
dren of Sanuu'l A\'oods, Jr.. namel\ ; Anne, Sally, 
Harvej', and AVoodford, all of wIkmii are described 
as heirs of Mary \Voods. It is evident that Anne, 



Sally and AVoodrord were iiiiiKii's in October, 1813, 
and uniiiai'i-icd. But see further on the writer's 
conclusion as to Sally, namely; that by Sally is 
meant Patsy, (d) AVoodford, who was probably 
born about 17118. This son, the writer has been in- 
formed, died early in life, (e) Martha Woods, 
who A\as born in 180(1, at the old Woods home near 
Shakertown, and married ;\Ir. Van Slieley March 
1, 1825, is not mentioned in the deed above referred 
to. That deed purports to have the signatures of 
all of Mary Woods's heirs. Jlartha (usually called 
Patsy) was about thirteen years old when that 
iU'vd was executed. The omission of her name 
raises some ddubt as to there having been a child 
of Samuel and Mary bearing this name. This 
doiibt is considerably strengthened hj the facf that 
in the list of the children of this couple, given by 
(Jeneral !{. B. iMcAfee, in his autol)iography, men- 
tion is made of but four cliildren, the same four 
whose names arc signed Id tlic deed just rcfen-cd to, 
and nmkes no allusion to any cliild by the name 
of Martha. This state of facts seems, on its face, 
to settle it that Samuel and ^Mary had no 
daughter named .Martha, and that tlie lady 
whom Mr. Van Sheley married in 182."), then 
a wdiiian twcnty-tiNc y( ars old, may liaxc liccii 
llic daii.i;lilri- of some oilier Woods. Rut, 
on the oilier hand, ;Mrs. Nathaniel D. Woods (now 
deceased), who knew a great deal about the 
Woodses of a century ago, wrote to tlie author of 
this volume November 0, 18!to, in regard to the 
children of the couple now under consideration, 
and she ])ositively declared that Samuel and Mary 
did have a daughter Patsy (the pet-uanie for Mar- 
tha) wlio man-led a Slieley who went to 
.Missouri lo live. Her artirmation is so positive 
that the writer can not ignore it. She says this 
Patsy Slieley was the own sister of James Harvey 
Woods (the writer's father). Now, how may this 
ajijiarent coiilradiction be reconciled"? The writer 
has a solution to olfer, which is at least worth 
considering. Among the four children named in 
both the deed mentioned and Gen'l McAfee's list 
is one called Sally; but nobody seems ever to have 

heard of that couph^ having a daughter of that 
name. Nobody knows anything about her beyond 
the presence of her name in the two lists quoted. 
Could that name "Sally'' have been a clerical error 
of the clerk in the County Court Office at Harrods- 
liuig in mistaking Patsy for Sally"? Mrs. Sheley 
was known all her younger days as "Patsy," and 
the writer is convinced she was a sister of his 
father, and therefore a daughter of Samuel, Jr., and 
^lary. jNIight not the clerk, in transcribing that 
deed in 1813, have mistaken the carelessly written 
name "Patsy" for Sally"? If he did, and if Gen'l 
^IcAfee got his list by copying that one in the office 
of the County (I'lerk, as is most likely, the solution 
is easy. The writer believes that Sally is a myth, 
and that l*atsy (or ^lartha) who married Sheley 
is the real person intended. Mrs. Nathaniel ^Voods 
was too reliable a lady, and too well infoi'med in 
regard to the wi'iter's family, to assert positively, 
as she does, that his father had a sister Patsy who 
iiiariied a Sheley and lived in Missouri, if such 
were not the case, and Mrs. Nathaniel Woods knew 
nothing of a Sally Woods whatsoever. The date 
given for the birth of ^lartha (I'atsy) Woods She- 
ley by ;Mrs. John Jay Sheley, of New Rloomfleld, 
^lissouri, whose luisliand is a son of the ]Mr. Van 
Sheley w ho married Martha in 1825, is just about 
the date one would reasonably expect for Samuel's 
last child. Mrs. John Jaj' Sheley gives the year 
1800 as the date of ^lartha Woods's birth, but she 
does not write as if quoting from an exact written 
record, and does not give day or month. The 
strong probability is that, as IMrs. John Jay Sheley 
says, Martha was born about 1800 — possibly a year 
earlier or later. Martha's father was dead before 
August, 1802. 

3Ir. Van Sheley who nuirried Patsy (Martha) 
Woods was of German extraction, and was born 
in Virginia, November 6, 1797. The following 
children were born to ^Ir. and Mrs. Sheley; (a) 
Woodford AVoods Sheley, who was born April 19, 
182G. The very name of this son is in part a vin- 
dication of the writer's conclusion that Martha 
was a daughter of Samuel Woods, .Jr.. and .Alarv 



(nee McAfee). The first child she had was named 
for her own brother — Woodford Woods, (b) The 
second chikl of Van Sheley and his wife JIartha 
Woods was named Ann Mary Slieh^y, who was 
born Angnst IG, 1827. (c) The third chikl of 
Van and Martha was a son, named Joim Jay 
Sheley, who was born May 3, 1S31, and married 
Miss C. America Morgan. The following children 
have been born to ^Ir. and Mrs. John Jay Sheley, 
namely; 1, Woodford Woods Sheley; 2, James 
Van Sheley; 3, Edmnnd Lee Sheley, and 4, Ann 
Martha Sheley. Two of their children have died, 
to wit ; Charles, and Emma Virginia. Mr. Van 
Sheley who married Martha Woods died March 28, 
1863. Martha was a member of the Disciples' 
Church, and died Angnst 28, 1852. The religious 
faith of her husband is not known to the writer. 

IV— DAVID WOODS. The fourth child of 
Michael Woods, Jr., and his wife Anne was 
a son named David who, as we have good 
reasons for believing, was born in Albemarle 
County, Virginia, about the year 1710. Of his 
early life we have no knowledge. The first men- 
tion we have of him is in 1776 when his father, then 
living in Botetourt County, made his last will. In 
that document he is not only mentioned but is 
made the heir to his father's farm and homestead 
on James River, five miles below the town of Buch- 
anan, and constituted one of the executors of the 
will. He was evidently not only a favorite with 
his father, but was living at or very close to his 
father's home place. He was twice married. Of 
his first wife we kiio\\' nothing, except that she left 
two children; a daughter named Anne, and a sou 
named John. How long David remained a wid- 
ower we know not. We only know that his second 
wife was Mary McAfee, daughter of James Mc- 
Afee, Jr., and that his marriage to her took place 
not later than the late summer of 1779. His father 
died in 1777, leaving him the heir to his homestead. 
August 11, 1779, he conveyed the home place to 
his brother-in-law William Campbell for 3500 
l)0unds. We have noAV no means of knowing 
whether or not he was in the Revolutionary army. 

In 1782-3 he and his brother Samuel migrated to 
Central Kentucky. AVith him went his wife Mary, 
his son John by his tii-st wife, perhaps two little 
children .Mary had already borne to liiiii, and Ills 
aged widowed mother Anne. He had a daughter 
named Anne, child of his first wife, who did not 
accompany him. It is not very likely that she ever 
lived in Kentucky, but David remembered her in 
his last will. Much of what is common to him and 
his brother Samuel has already been said in the 
preceding pages when dealing with that brother's 
record, and it need not be repeated here. David 
on going to Kentucky nmde choice of one of the 
most desirable spots in what is now Mercer County. 
He selected land for his homestead in what has for 
more than a century been known as the Cane Run 
Neighborhood, a few miles east of the town of Ilar- 
rodsburg. His career in Kentucky was very brief. 
His last will was written September 30, 1786, and 
was entered for probate December 5, 1786, indi- 
cating that his will was made in the prospect of an 
early death, and only a few weeks or months before 
it occurred. He was only about forty-six years old 
when he died. The witnesses to his will were Ber- 
nard Noel, John Smith, and his brother Samuel 
AVoods. The executors whom he named in his will 
were Captain Samuel McAfee (his wife's uncle) 
and Capt. John Gilmore. In the will he mentions 
the following persons, to ivit: 1, Anne, his aged 
mother; 2, ilary, his "beloved wife"; 3, Ann Jen- 
nings, wife of Jonathan Jennings; 4, John, his son 
liy his first marriage; and .■), Xaiicy; (I, Willijim, 
and 7, Elizabeth, the three children whom his sec- 
ond wife had borne to him. He was a well-to-do 
man for that day, we should suppose. Of his chai-- 
acter, his religious hopes, and the circumstances 
attending his death we have no knowledge. 

(a) Anne was i)r(> the child of David 
Woods by his first wife. AVe know but lit- 
tle of her beyond the fact that she became the wife 
of a Jonathan Jennings, and was remembered 
by her father when he made his will in 1786. If 
her father married when he was about twenty-tlireo 
she may have been born about the year 1764, and 



in Albemarle County, Virgiuia. As lias already 
beeu stated, slie does not seem to liave migrated 
widi tlie Woodses to Kentucky. Wlien her father 
married his seeond wife in 177!) he brought into 
the home a step-motlier \\ iio was only fcmr or five 
years oldei' than liciself. Her marriage to Mr. 
Jennings douldless took jdace not long before the 
W'oodscs moved West. The wi-iter knows nothing 
further concerning her, or of any ciiihlren slie may 
liave had. 

(bl John was probably the second and last 
child of David Woods by his tirst wife, and his 
birtli prol)ably occurred in Albemarle County, 
about the year 17<i(i. He was a great pet of his 
aunt Magdalen Campbell (the sister of David 
AVoods, his father), and when she died, in 1830, 

writer. The only child of Margaret Woods and 
JauK s M. Jones was a son, John Sanford Jones, 
born about 1844, who died of some disease during 
the Civil War in a Federal Military Prison at Al- 
ton, Illinois; 5, Eliza, who married a Mr. I?radley; 
0, Patsy, who married a ^Nlr. Porter, and liad a son 
nanieij James; 7, liurch, who nmi-ried a Mr. Mar- 
shal; 8, Nannie, who married a .Mr. Willis Vivian; 
and !t, a daughter who married a .Mr. (larnet, and 
had a son named (Teorge. 

(<• ) >,".vxcY was the third child of i)avi<l Woods, 
but the first by his second wife Mary JMcAfee. She 
was probably born about the year 1780 at the old 
AVoods homcslead ( Sliepherd Island Farm) on the 
James in Hotetourt County, Virgiuia. kShe was 
but a l)abe in arms when, in 1782-3, the Woodses 

(when John was a man far advanced in life), she uuule the long and perilous journey through the 

devised one-half of her estate to him. Mrs. Camp- wilderness to Kentucky. AA'hen about twenty 

bell was, at the time of her death, a widow with no .^ears old she married Harry Muuday, of Mercer 

children, and living in Lexington, Virginia. John County, Kentucky. His Christian name in sev- 

Woods was about seventeen when he moved with '''"l papers is written as if it were Heniy, but llar- 

his father to Kentucky, and the rest of his life, or ^'y seems to have been his real name. She and her 

at least a great part of it was spent at his father's husband joined in a deed in 1813, which was signed 

honuvplace on Cane Run, [Mercer Country, Ken- l>.y 'iH of the heirs of Mary, her mother. This deed 

tucky. It would seem that when his mother re- 
married after his father's death she moved over to 
the Samuel AA'oods place near \\here the i)resent 
village of Shakertown stands, and John retained 
his father's home on Cane Run. He married a 
Miss Nancy Moseby, as the late ]\Irs. Nathaniel D. 
AVoods supposed. This Miss Moseby had a sister 
named Magdalen who married a Mr. Bright, and 
in her old age while a widow was an occasional 
visitor at the home of the writer's parents in Har- 

John AVoods and his wife Nancy had a consider- 
able family of children, to wit: 1, Sidney, of 

is on record at Harrodsburg. (See Deed Rook !), 
pages 17-];i. I All of her children seem to have 
migrated 1o Indiana, and in that Stale, at the 
home (d" one of her children, she died in 1X05, at 
the age of eighty-five, or thereabout. In 1857 she 
was a widow and lining with her son James Mun- 
day near Shakertown, Kentucky, and was a mem- 
ber of the Shawnee Run Baptist Church. Her 
cliildren \\ere the following: 1, AVoodson, who 
married a Mrs. Samuels, a widow; 2, George, who 
married Miss Lucy Gordon, and was the father of 
Mrs. Davi<l A\'alter of Harrodsburg, through whose 
courtesy much of the iufornuition here given in re- 

whom the writer knows nothing; 2, Rhodes, who S'ii"<^l to Nancy AA'oods has beeu obtained; 3, Har- 
for a time practised dentistry in Harrodsburg; 3, '*<?.^% "^^'i'* nmrried Caroline Coghill; I, James, who 
David, who was a somewhat eccentric character, mari-ied Almeda Thacker, of Anderson County, 
who visited Europe, and who removed to St. Lcmis, Kentucky; 5, Katheriue, who mari'ied Jolm Hays; 
Missoui'i; 4, [Margaret, who nuu-ried Mr. James M. 0, Elizabeth, who nmrried Solomon Hays; 7, Mary, 
Jones, a well-to-do farmer, whose second wife was who nmrried Liviug Graves; and Patty, who mar- 
Elizabeth Hannah AVoods, a sister of the present ried James Smart. 



(d) William was prol)ably the foiirtli child of 
David Woods, and the second by Mary McAfee, 
his second wife. II is likely he was born either 
shortly before or shortly after the migration of his 
parents to Kentucky, say, about 1781-3. His family 
seem always to have called him "ISilly,"' and so lie 
was generally designated by his acquaintances. 
Very little of his career is known to the 
writer. He was a child of about three to 
Ave years of age when his father died. 
When his mother married Samuel ^V()(P(ls, .Tr., he 
doubtless went to live with her and him at the 
old Samuel Woods homestead on Shawnee Run; 
and probably he and his two sisters (Nancy and 
Elizabeth) knew a great deal more of their step- 
father than of their own father, for Samuel, Jr., did 
not die until 1802. The lady whom William Woods 
married was named Catherine. Her surname is 
not known. He may have married her in Wood- 
ford County, for his home was certainly there in 
1813, at which time he was just about twenty-one 
years old. Woodford adjoins Mercer County, be- 
ing separated from it by the Kentucky River. His 
half brother, James Harve.y Woods, went to the 
same county to get a wife in 1818. The very name 
Woodford seemed, in this family, to he much ad- 
mired; for Samuel Woods, Jr., named his second 
son Woodford, and his daughter Patsy Sheley did 
the same, and Patsy's son John Jay Sheley fol- 
lowed suit. His name and that of Catherine, his 
wife, are signed to a deed made May 22, 1821, and 
recorded at Harrodsburg (P>ook 12, page 241). 
His half brother, John Woods, and wife Nancy; 
his sister, Elizabeth, and husband Ren Galey; and 
his sister Nancy, and husband Harry IMunday, all 
joined in said deed. The records of Franklin 
County, Kentucky, show (Rook F, page 409) that 
on the 17th day of June, 1816, he conveyed .^0 
acres of land to the ubiquitous and enterprising 
Jacob Frohman (who seems to have kept in close 
touch with the AVoodses) for one hundred pounds. 
The records of the same county (Franklin) show 
a conveyance, made NoA^ember 3, 1818, by a Wil- 
liam Woods whose wife was named Rachel, and 

whose ]ilace of residence was Scott County, Ken- 
tucky. A\'hilst we do m)t believe this man to have 
been the same as William, the son of David Woods, 
of Mercer, it is not- safe to assninc I hat a man 
never remarries, or that lie never changes his place 
of residence. The names of the children of Betty 
Woods, as furnished to the writer by ilrs. Nathan- 
iel 1). Woods, deceased, are as follows: Coleman; 
James Henry; Sarah Ann Rumsey; and Eudcn-a. 

(e) ELiz.vr.KTii NNOods was I he last child of 
Mary McAfee Woods by her lirst husband David. 
Of her the writer has been able to learn Imf little. 
She was most probaldy born at her father's place 
on Cane Run about 1785. She married Benjamin 
Galey. In the deed already repeatedlj^ referred to 
as recorded in the clerk's office at Harrodsburg, 
Kentucky, in 1813, she an<l her husliand (Benja- 
min Galey) appear as two of the grantors. They 
were then living in Shelby County, Kentucky. The 
writer knows nothing of any childi'en they may 
have had, or of their history subse(iuent to 1813. 

V— ELIZABETH Avas the fifth child of Michael 
Woods, Jr., and his wife Anne. The date of her 
birth was not far from the year 1742, and the place 
was no (hmbt her father's old home in Albemarle 
County, Virginia. We have surmised that she was 
the fifth child of her parents. About all Ave know 
concerning her is that she became the wife of one 
Dalertns Shepherd. This couple had a daughter — 
Magdalen Shepherd — Avho, in 17!il, married John 
Gilmore, and became the progenitor of a prominent 
family in Rockbridge County, Virginia, of that 
name. The Gilmores, Varners, etc., noAV there are 
of her line. The writer much regrets that he knows 
so little of this nuMuber of the Woods elan and 
of her dcscciHJaiils, some (if whom it \\as once his 
]deasure to meet. Tiie old homeslead of Michael 
>\'oo(ls, -Ir., on -Tames Rivei' m;i\ liaxc coinc inio the 
possession of ^Ir. She])her(l as il lool< (he nam(» of 
"Shepherd's Island Farm." II is known that he 
lived at that point. The farm, which descended liy 
devise to David A\'oods. Avas by liim sold to ^\"\] 
Ham ('am]tbcll. ;imi Slic|ih('i-(1 may liaxc inircliase<l 
it from Campbell, who was his In-other-iii-law. The 



writer presumes there are representatives of the 
Shepherd family yot living who bear the name of 
Elizabeth's husband, Init does not know such to be 
the case. Any one concerned to obtain further 
information on (his subject could doubtless readily 
secure it by consulting the court records of Rock- 
bridge County, and some of the older citizens of 
that part of Virginia. 

YI— WILLIA:M woods, THc Seventh, whom 
we conclude to have lieen llie sixth child of 
^richael "Woods, Jr., and his \\ ife Anne, was born 
about the year 1748, at the old home of his parents 
in Albemarle Tounty, Virginia. Though reared 
in a Scotch-Irish I'resbyterian family, he became, 
in early manhood, an enthusiastic Baptist, with 
which denomination he was prominently identified 
for much the larger part of his life. He was a 
man of very considerable property in lands and 
slaves. He married a ]Miss Joanna Shepherd, who 
may have been a sister of his sister Elizabeth's hus- 
band, Dalertus Shepherd. As there were many 
other William Woodses in Albemarle, all or the 
most of whom Avere no doubt Presbyterians, he 
came to be known in his county as Baptist Billy 
Woods. He was about twenty-seven years old 
when the Revolutionary war began. He became a 
minister of the Baptist Cliurch and in ITSO was 
called to the pastorate of the first church of that 
faith ever founded in Piedmont, Virginia. He was 
a man of handsome figure and face, and took pride 
in keeping a fine saddle horse. He had a body 
servant named Ben aaIio usually accompanied him 
in his trips about the country. He was evidently 
a man of decided ability and of a jovial disposition. 
He was much in demand when couples wished to be 
united in marriage. He was possessed of rare con- 
versational powers and made an agreeable com- 
panion. He was an intimate friend of Thomas 
Jefferson, who much admired the democratic polity 
of the Baptist churches. He once remarked that 
the Baptist Church was a model for a republic. 
In 1798, at the solicitation of Mr. Jetferson, he re- 
signed his pastoral charge and was elected a mem- 
ber of the Virginia Legislature for Albemarle. Mr. 

Woods took part in the great debates of that body 
on the famous Resolutions of 1798-9. He stood for 
re-election in 1809, but was defeated. The next 
year (ISlOj he migrated to Livingston County, 
Kentucky, where the remaining years of his life 
were spent. There he died in 1819, and be and his 
wife were buried in the family burial ground near 
Salem in what is now Crittenden County, Ken- 
tucky. His will is of record there now. Why he 
did not accompany his parents and the rest of the 
family when, about 1709, they removed to Bote- 
tourt County, Ave do not know. Perhaps he had re- 
cently married (he Avas then just twenty-one) and 
AAas disposed to live near his Avife's people. All 
except the last nine years of his life he spent in 
Albemarle. Some of his brethren in the Baptist 
Church thought he AA'as too liberal as to some of his 
theological vieAvs, and not careful enough in his 
use of li(pior, and the authorities of his church 
made some official incpiiries into these matters. It 
is evident that his divergences in faith and prac- 
tice Avere not regarded as fatally serious, but his 
intimacy with Mr. Jefferson was considered as hav- 
ing exerted an unwholesome infiuence upon his 
Avork as a minister of the Gospel. He left five chil- 
dren, three sons and tAvo daughters. 

(a) MiCAjAH Woods, A\ho Avas the first child of 
William Woods, the Seventh, and his Avife Joanna, 
Avas born in Albemarle County, Va., in 1776. On 
the 13th of August, 1795, he married Lucy Walker. 
After her death he married Mrs. Sarah Harris Dav- 
enport, the widoAV of William Davenport, Avhose 
maiden name was Rodes, September 22, 1808. He 
attained great prominence in Albemarle County, 
and was regarded as one of the most influential 
men in that section of Virginia. In 1815 he Avas 
selected to be one of tlie Gentlemen Justices of the 
County Court, in Avhich ca]>acity he served for 
twenty-one years (till 1836), Avhen under tlie law, 
being the oldest Justice in service he became High 
Sheriff of the county. He died after holding that 
otfice only about one year — March 23, 1837. His 
homestead was the Avell-known place near Ivy De- 
pot called Holkham, at Avhich he died. He owned 



nearly 2000 acres of laud on Ivy Creek, and during 
his lifetime bis home was a Mecca for his numerous 
kindred of Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee. 
Among his guests at times was a first cousin of 
his wife, the Hon. William H. Crawford, of Geor- 
gia, who was a member of the U. S. Senate and had 
been Secretary of State and Governor of Georgia, 
and a prominent candidate for the Presidency. By 
his will, now on record in Albemarle, he devised 
the greater part of his Albemarle estate to his son 
John R. Woods. 

r>y liis lirsl wii'c, Lucy Walkci-, lie 1i;i(l lliree 
daughters and one son, to wit: 1, Martha, who 
married General John Wilson, and moved to Cali- 
fornia; 2, Mary, who married James Garth and 
whose descendants reside in Kentucky and Ohio; 
3, Elizabeth, who married Capt. John Humphreys, 
and settled with him in Indiana; and 4, Henry, 
v\ho died young. 

By his second wife, Mrs. Sarah Harris Daven- 
port, {jicc Bodes) he had three children, all sons, 
to wit: 1, William S., who died in his twenty-fifth 
year of his age at Helena, Arkansas. William S. 
Woods is said to have been one of the most accom- 
plished young men ever reared in Virginia, gifted 
with rare talents and every grace of manner and 
person. He was a great friend of Henry Clay, and 
io him Mr. Clay wrote a letter, still preserved in 
the family, giving the secret history of the Missouri 
Compromise of 1819. 2, the last child of Micajah 
Woods and his wife Sarah Harris Davenport {nee 
Rodes) was John Rodes Woods, of whom more ex- 
tended mention will be made in Part III of this 
volume in the sketch of his son General Micajah 
Woods, of Charlottesville, Va. 3, The last child 
of Micajah Woods by his second wife was Robert 
Harris Woods, who died in his twenty-first year. 

(b) The second child of William Woods, the 
Seventh, and his wife Joanna Shepherd, was a son, 
D.4.VID Woods, the Second, who was prol)ably born 
in Albemarle County, Virginia, about the year 
1778, and died in Livingston Co., Ky., in 1825. He 
marri(Ml Miss Sallie Neal, who is said to have re- 
sided, prior to her marriage, in Bourbon County, 

Kentucky. He removed to Livingston County, 
Kentucky', either with his parents (in 1810) or 
about three years later. By his wife Sallie (or 
Sarali I Xcnl lie Ii;hI four sons and twn ihin^lilcrs, 
as follows: 1, Tavncr; 2, Henry Williams; 3, Da- 
vid, the Third ; 4, John N. ; ."), Kitty ; and fi, Mariah. 
Of the first, Tavner; and (lie tliird, David th('Thir<l; 
we know nothing. Kitty married one Richard 
Miles; and ^lai'iah married one Peyton Gra.y. Of 
Henry Williams Woods, the father of David Woods 
the Fonrlli, w Im mow rcsiilis ;il Maiinn, Ky.. we 
shall speak again when the sketch of David the 
Fourth is presented in Part III of this volume. 
The fourth child, John N. Woods, was born at 
Salem, Livingston County, Kentucky, June 15, 
1815. His father dying when John N. was ten 
years old, he lived with his widowed mother til! he 
was eighteen, when he was apprenticed to learn the 
trade of a tanner. After serving his apprentice- 
ship, he opened a tannery. Not long after, he 
formed a partnership with a Mr. Watts to carry on 
mercantile business. In 1846, he moved to Marion, 
Ky., and entered into mercantile business there 
with ]Mr. S. Marl)le. In 1850 he returned to 
Salem to live. Two years later he moved to Prince- 
ton, Indiana, and sold goods for a while; and 
again moved back to ^Marion, Ky., where he con- 
tinued to sell goods till, owing to the infirmities of 
age, he retired from active business. He was 
elected a uKMuber of the Kentucky Legislature in 
1871. He was married to Mrs. Mary A. Marble, 
of Madison, Indiana, in 1848, with whom he lived 
happily till his death, December 27, 1896, at his 
home in Clarion. Pci'hajts no man ever lived in 
Marion who, after a long career, left such a good 
name as he did for sterling honesty of character. 
His reputation for fair and upright dealing, charity 
and generosity, was one to which but few men in 
any community attain. He seems not to liavc had 
any children. 

(c) The third child of William Woods, The 
Seventh, and his wife Joanna, was John Woods^ 
who died unmarried. 

(d) The fourdi child of William and Joanna 



Avas Mary, who married a JMr. (Campbell, and whose 
descendants reside near Nasliville, Tennessee. 

(e| Tlie fifth and lasl cliild of ^Villiam and 
Joanna, was Susannvh, wIid married a Mr. Henry 
A\'illiariis, and settled neai' iier parents in Living- 
ston ('onnt,\-, Ky. licr desccMdants reside in tluit 
vicinity to this day. Jt was, as we feel confident, 
in lionor of her hnshand that her hrother David 
named his son — Heni-y AVilliams AA'oods. 

YII— SAKAH W()()1>S was, as we are disposed 
t(» helie\'e, tlie sixcnih child cf Micjiael Woods, Jr., 
and liis wife Anne, and she was jirobably born in 
,\lliiiiiai le < 'onnty, N'ii'i^iiiia, ahont tlie year 1T.~)0. 
lieyond the fact that she was expressly named by 
her fatlier in his last will in 177(5 we know nothing 
of her. It is barely possil)le slie married a Mr. 
Charles Lambert, and that from her was descended 
()i nei'al Landiert, foi-iiierly .Mayor of IJicliHKind. 
We know that a ("iiarjes Lambert was one of the 
witnesses to tlie will uf .Mirliael Woods, Jr., in 177(i, 
at which time Sarah was abont 2(5 vears of ase. 

VIII— ilAKTHA W()(»1>S, who, we incline to 
believe, was the eighth diild nf .Alichael, Jr., and his 
wife Anne, was nn)st i^ohalily bdin aliont the year 
1753. She, like all of the ele\-en chihh-en of this 
couple, was expressly icrcri-ed In in her father's 
will. In the cniii't records of Botetourt County, 
Virginia, it is shown that a Martha Woods mar- 
ried one Thomas 3Ioore June 10, 17!)5. If our cal- 
culaliuns be correct our JIartha was then about 
forty-two years old, and we believe she is the wo- 
man wlKim Thomas .Modre married. Such is the 
opinion of those best qualified to judge — so thinks 
(ieneral Micajah Woods, of Charlottesville, A'a. 
Of her history we know nothing further. 

IX— MAGDALEN WOODS, The Second, was, 
as we believe, the iiinlli cliild of .Michael, Jr., and 

Anne. She was nai 1 for her father's sister who 

mai-ri((l .McDowell. ( tc llei- lombstoue in the old 
Methodist cemetery at Lexington, A'a., shows that 
she was born in 1755. She ilied in Lexington. Va., 
in 1830, aged seventy-hve years, \\hen her father 
made his will in 177(; he refei-red to her in that 
document as :MagTlalen Campbell. We know that 

her husband was one William Campbell, so that she 
probably nmrried before she Avas twenty-one years 
of age. ^Ir. Campbell was ijrobably a citizen of 
Rockbridge County. The Woodses of Botetourt 
had numerous kinsfolk in Rockbridge; Woodses, 
Wallaces, ^IcDowells, Lapsleys, etc., and Ave can 
Avell believe that the children of .Michael Woods 
on the James Avould often visit their uncles, aunts 
and cousins nii in the vicinity of Lexington, Va. 
William Campbell must have resided some years, 
hoAvever, in Botetourt, for in 177!) he jmrchased the 
old ^Voods homestead on James Kiver from his 
Avife's brother, David, for 3500 ])oiin(ls. AVe have 
good reason for believing that the latter part of his 
life, at least, Avas spent in or near to Lexington, Va. 
Mrs. Campbell is said to have been one of the most 
remarkable wcunen west of the Blue Ridge. 
GoA'crnor :McDowell, of A'ii-ginia, used to say that 
she Avas a Avalking encyclojiaedia as to all the tra- 
ditions, settlements and families in the \'alley of 
Virginia. She could repeat, from mennu-y, a large 
part of the Bible, and Avhen a text of Scripture 
would be read to her she could generally give the 
book, chai)ter and verse in which it was located. 
She spent a good deal of her time at the home of 
her brother ^^■illian^s son, Mii-ajah Woods, of Al- 
bemarle ( "ounty. She seems never to haA'e had any 
chihhx'u, and her husband probably died many 
years before she did. Her A^•ill Avas dated June 1, 
1824. Her estate at her death in 1830 consisted 
almost wholly of money and lumds, and was ap- 
praised at 14410.10. One-half of her estate she gave 
to her nephcAv John Woods, of Mercer County, Ken- 
tucky, (her Itrother David's son). One-fourth 
A\ent to the children of her sister Mrs. IMargaret 
(Woods) Gray, then in Kentucky; and the remain- 
ing fourth to her niece [Margaret (Shepherd) Gil- 
more, A\ho Avas the daughter of Elizabeth Woods 
and Dalertus Shepherd. Mrs. Campbell Avas a de- 
vout Christian, and Avas connected Avith the :Metlio- 
dist Church. She Avas a lovely old lady, Avho al- 
Avays received a cordial welcome in the homes she 
visited. She seems to have outlived all of her 
father's children. 


X — ANNE WOODS was as we tliiuk reasonably 
certain, the tenth child of Michael Woods, Jr., and 
liis wife Anne. She is mentioned liv licr father in 
liis w ill as hcinii' "'JT^ of the two yonnji'cr children. 
Slie was nnuiarried when lu'r fatJier wrote his will, 
and proliahly ahont nineteen years old. She was 
born abont the year 1757. Concerning her history 
nothing is known. Either she or her sister Sarah 
proljably married a Mr. Lambert — either the one 
(Charles) whose name was appended as a witness 
to her father's will, or possibly a kinsman of his; 
for, as was noted when treating of her sister Sarah, 
we have reason for believing, according tn Ccneral 
[Mica jail ^^'oods, of Charlottesville, that a Lambert 
did nmrry one of Michael's danghters, and she and 
Sarah and [Margaret were the only ones not mar- 
ried when their father wrote his will, and the last 
named danghter, of whom we shall now speak, mar- 
ried a [Mr. (iray. 

XI— MARGARET WOODS, the yonugest of the 
children of Michael, Jr., ami Anne, was jirobably 
born in the year 1760, and in Albemarle Connty, 
A^irginia. When her father died, in 1777, she was 
abont seventeen. She became the wife of a David 
Gray, of Rockbridge Connty, who removed to Ken- 
tncky among the earliest pioneers". [Mr. (Jray 
was a Presbyterian, and seems to have been one 
of rhe elders of the Presbytery of Transylvania 
which met at Danville, Kentucky, in the fall of 
1780. The children of David Gray and his wife 
[Margaret TS'oods, as given in the Wylie Geiu^alogy 
(see Note 7:i I were the following: (a I D.vvin; 
(b) Wii,Li.\Ar, who married Kittle Bird Winn, of 
Clark Connty, Kentncky, in 1812, settled in (ilas- 
gow, Kentncky, and later removed to Grecnsbnrg, 
Kentncky. Dr. William (iray, by his wife, Kittie 
B. \\inn. had the following children, to wit: 1, 
Versailles; 2, John Conrts; 3, Theresa D., who 
married a [Mr. ^'anghn in Greensbnrg, Ky., and by 
him had three children, and, he dying, she married 
Frank Hatcher; 4. Samuel Marshall; ~>, Elizabeth 
Catherine Ophelia. born I'ebmary 23, 1823, married 
liev. George K. Perkins, a Presbyterian minister, 

and had by liim seven cliildi-eii. The children of 
Elizabeth C. ( ». Gray by ifev. .\li-. Perkins were the 
following : Havana ; ( "liiiia ; .lohn ; Bertha; Camp- 
hell; .Mollie; and i'aiiny. Havana I'erkins, the 
first lioi-n of iliis family of se\-cn ciiildrtMi, is the 
wife of .Mr. David Woods of .ALirion, Crittenden 
Connty, Kentncky. one of (lie original subscribers 
of this volume. A skedli of .Mr. Woods will be 
f(mnd in Part HT of diis work. It thus appeal's 
tliat the chibli'en of tliis i>a\id NN'oods and his wife 
IIa\ana Perkins are descended from ^lichael 
^^'oo(ls, .Jr., boll: tlirongh liis son William, and his 
daughter .Margai'ct. 

D — HANNAH AVOODS was, as we have reason 
for supposing, the fourth child of [Michael A\'oods 
by his wife .Mary Campbell. She Avas prcdiably 
liorn about the year 171(t, in Ireland, and came 
to North America with rlie ^^'oodses and Wallaces 
in 1724, when she was a girl of fourteen. Some 
time prior to 1734, while the two families were liv- 
ing in Pennsylvania, she was married to William 
Wallace who was her full first cousin, he being the 
son of her aunt Elizabeth. The frequency of inter- 
marriages of tliis character among the mend)ers of 
these two families was somewhat unusual. Four 
of the children of Peter Wallace and Elizabeth 
Woods married children of Michael Woods and 
Mary Campbell ; and in the next generation this 
custom was continued to a considerable extent. 
William Wallace was a favorite with his father-in- 
law, and seems to have lived almost within sight 
of his home till [^[ichael Woods died. Chapter Sec- 
ond of the First Part of this vcdume being devoted 
to the Wallaces, the little we know of this couple is 
given there, to which the reader is referred. We 
do not know the dale of IFannah's d(\ath. Not a 
few of her kinsfolk named children in her honor, 
from whence we infer that she must have been a lov- 
able and popular \\(inian. 

E — JOHN A^'()(^DS was, as we have good reason 
for conjecturing, the tifth-born of the children of 
[Michael Woods of Blair Park, and his wife, [XLiry 
Campbell. His body lies in the old family burial 
plot at Blair Park; and tlie writer, on the occasion 


(iT his last visit to the s])ot (1895), took pains to couferred upon liim are in the writer's possession, 

copy tile inscriptions on the grave-stones of John liavinp,- been Icindly placed at liis disposal, while 

W Is mid otlier iiienihers of the family there tiiis volume was in preparation liy the owner, Mr. 

buried, lie is the only (nie of all the eleven chil- J. Watson ■\\'oo(ls, of Mississippi, who is a lineal 

dren of .M i<liaei and .Marv the exact dates of whose descendant of Coloiud A\dods. These documents 

liii-th and death are l<iio\\ii witli i)erfect certainty. will be given in A])]»endix F. 

lie was a man of methodical tui'ii hims(4f, and his That Colonel A\doils migrated from Ireland to 
children seem to liave inherited enough of this trait Pennsylvania with iiis parents in 1724, and then to 
to have a comph'te and distinct inscription placed Virginia, ten years later, scarcely admits of a doubt, 
upon the rank" stone mai-king his grave which, for The date of the migration of the Woodses from Ire- 
considei'ably more than a centni-y, has remained to land to Pennsylvania has been fixed in the year 
tell his |)ostcrity when became into tliis world. 1724, largely because it has been a definite and nn- 
aiid wIm Ti lie U'ft it. It gives February 1!>, 1712, varying tradition in the family of Tofonel Woods 
I old st\ie) as tliedate of his birth, and Octolier 14, and ins descendants, for a. century, that he was a 
17IH ( new style) as the date of his death. Tt also boy twelve years old when the voyage to the New 
records the i^ames of both his parents, for which World was made; and as the year of his birth was 
tile iirescnt writ(r wcnld gladly extend his 1712, it seemed entirely reasonable to accept the 
thanUs to the thoughtful pers(Uis wlio supervised date 1724 for the coming of this family to America, 
the jireparation of that headstone. If those wlio especially as we know of nothing to militafp 
shall ])ernse the numerous dales given in this vol- such a su]iposition. Of his life of ten years 
ume conid know what endless reseaich it has cost in Pennsylvania we know absolutely nothing, 
the writer to obtain them, and how many a Aveary When he reached ^'irginia lie was just about twen- 
search for definite data has never been rewarded ty-two years of age. The first mention we have of 
with success, they would hesitate long before un- him is in the fall of the year 1743, when his father 
dertaking such a task. Many a tombstone deeded to jiim a tract of land containing 350 acres, 
he has inspected had on it no inscription on ^Fechum's IJiver, in Albemarle Tounty. (A fac- 
whatever, and this one over the grave of Colo- simile of pait of this deed will be f(Uind in tJiis aoI- 
nel .lolin Woods at Itlair Park, has, for this rea- ume. Appendix F. ) In that year his father, Mich- 
son, been peculiarly gratifying, especially as it ael, gave land to four or five of his children, evi- 
carries us back nearly t W(v hundred years with en- dently by way of setting them up in life. John was 
tire certainty. We shall, from this point onward, then about thirty-one years old, and had been niar- 
sjieak of him as "(^^oloind John A\'oods,"' Iiecause ried about a yeai", ,is we suppose. The next notice 
he received that title by regidar commission fi-om of him we find in the year 1745, wlien he was sent 
two ditferent Colonial gdvernois of Virginia in the as a commissioner from tin' two Preslivterian 
year 1770. Tie was calbd, in various cu'iginal doc- churches of ^Mountain Plains and T{ockfish all the 
iiments now in the hands of the present writer, way to Pennsylvania to prosecute a call before the 
"Captain" John AVoods, from 175!) to 17ti(i. In the Presbytery of Donegal for the pastoral services of 
latter year Governor Fan(|nier made him a Major, the Rev. John Hindman. As he had married in 
an<l for four years or more he was known as '':\[a- Pennsylvania only three years before, such a trip 
joi" .lohn Woods. When, in 1770, he was commis- doubtless was pleasant on that account. Colonel 
sioncd Lieutenant Colonel by (iovernor Nelson, Woods was no doubt aii active and ]iromiuent 
and later by Lord Px.tetourt, be began to be ad- nuunber of the :\Ionntain Plains Church, which was 
dressed as "Cobund John Woods," a title he held situated on a i)art of his father's plantation, or at 
ever after. The three original commissions thus least in sight of it, and which the Woodses and Wal- 


Inccs liiul fouiidcd only a short tinii' hcfdi'c this t;inia (in 1 7:54 i slic was a wiiisdinc little cliiM of 
visit to Donegal rresbytei'y in searcli of a jjaslor. nine snniniers wlimii .Inlm Wunds had come to ad- 
Tlie farm Colonel Woods owned and lived on was mire as a child i<l' iiiiiisnal ln\-cliness. And it may 
on Mecluim's River near the present station of the also he that the tics which hound the Woodses to 
Chesapeake ^S; Ohio liaih\ay hcariiii; the name rennsylvania heinii still strong-, John Woods liad 
^lechnm's Depot. am])le oppoitiinity to renew his ac(inainlaiice with 
The exact date of the niarriaiio of Ccdoncl Wood< the Andereous. N'isits may perhaps liave Ween ex- 
cannot he fixed with entire certainty; but as we changed: John may lia\c taken journeys to I'enn- 
kno\\' exactly when he was horn, and when he died ; sylvania, or parson Anderson's danglitcr may have 
and know the j'ears in which several of his children visited the Woodses; and the little girl of ITol, now 
were horn ; and are also in possession of numerous an attractive maiden of seventeen, may have 
]ieitinent collateral facts, we feel warranted in touched a yet deejier choi-d in his lieait than had 
concluding that he must ha\'e mai'i'ied about the been reached by the little girl of nine. Some such 
year 1742, when he was about thirty years old. No explanation of -lohn \\dods"s marriage falls in pret- 
one pretends to be able to decide this question with ty well with the persistent tradition so long cur- 
entire certainty, but we are not Avithout some very rent in the family, and we believe that it is in its 
i'("as(uiable grounds for fixing on the time named, nuiin outlines coi-rect. James, the son of 
There is a pretty little romance, however, which Colonel John Woods and his wife, Susannah, is 
has been currently accepted among Colonel thought to have been bom in 174S, according to Dr. 
Woods's descendants in regard to his marriage, Edgar Woods." In any case we have excelleul 
one feature of which we shall lie c(uupelled to rele- reasons for believing that tliis son, Avheuever boi-n. 
gate to the region of myths; and that is, the one was their first child. We feel safe in saying, how- 
which nuikes John Woods meet and love a sweet ever, that it A\as as early as 1742 that John Woods 
little girl of eight summers on the ship in which he went up to Pennsylvania and stole a wife from the 
crossed the Atlantic in 1724, and then, in after ]u>me of the Rev. James Anderson; and that they 
years, nmrry her. That the lady wluuu he actually went to housekeeping the next year (ui the farm on 
did marry was named Susannah Anderson, as tha't Mechum's River Avhidi his father gave him at that 
legend has it. admits of no doulit whatever ; but the time — 1743. As to this matter imu-e will be said 
tr(uible comes of saying she was a child eight years a little farther on. 

old in 1724 — the year the Woodses migrated to Whether Colonel Woods saw military service 
America. The truth is, Susannah was ]»robably during the French and liidiau wai-s. which closed 
not even b(Uii till 1725. John Woods and Susan- ahout 17r)3. we cannot say; luit fr(uu what we know 
nab had eight or more children, the last of whom of the man, we feel reasonably certain that lu' di<l. 
I named Susannah for her mother) was not born It was probably because of such services that (Jov- 
till 17(iS; luit if Susannah Anderson was eight enuir Francis Fau(|uier ai)])ointed him ^lajor if 
years old in 1724, she was fifty-two when her last the Albemarle ]\Iilitia November 27, 17()(). The 
child \\as boin. We shall therefore be constrained original commission which he then received is now 
to modify this pleasing romance so far as relates to in the writer's possession. In h ss than foui- years 
the childish love affair on the ship, as being hardly from the date of (his aiipoint inent Lord P.otetourl 
suited to the ]U(ibabilities of the case. It amy have His ^lajcsty's laeutenaut, and ( iovernor-( Jeiu'ral, 
been true, however, that Susannah's fatlier, the and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony and Do- 
Rev. James Anderson, was a neighbor, and per- minion of Virginia, issued to him a commission as 
hajis the pastor, of the Woodses in Pennsylvania; Lieutenant-Cohnu'l of the Militia of Albemarle, 
and that 'ere Jolin Woods left that colony for Vir- Thomas Jefferson lieiug the Ccdonel thereof. Tliis 




III.— illCHAEL AV00I)8— Born 1716 

I)ii:i> lS2ti I ?). 

IV.— ►SUITA WOOD^?— B()i;\ IT.")!' i?). 

(Idcuiiicnl licai-s dati' .June 11, 1770. Then Gov- birth iu each case, tlie Inlldw in^- exhibit presents 
ernor Nelson issued to Iiini a like commission De- wliat seems to the writer to he Ihe most rational 
eember Id, 1770. These three documents, which and ])robable scheme our present means of infor- 
are all about a leutury and a third old, are per- mation will admit of. Let it be noted that where 
fectly distinct, and tln^ siynature of Lord Botetourt, certainty does not seem warranted as to anv "•iven 
ap])cnd('(l Id I lie comiiiissidii lie issued, is to-day as dale, I hat fact is indiciled liy a blank space or bv 
clear as any wi'iiing of llie present year. (See Ap- interroiiation marks in jtai'entheses. 
pendix F.) ('(donel ANOdds lived iu Albemarle 
about fiffy-seveu years — 1731 to 1701 — and died at 
his home hi the eiiihtieth year of bis ati'e. His wife 
survived hiui several years, liut df the time of her 
deatli «(' kiidw nothiuii'. lie made his will Septem- 
lier ll.', 1701, and died (Ictober 11, 1701. The wit- 
nesses Id (he will are ^Menan Alills, William II. 
Sheltou, and James Kinsolvinii'. Tie mentions his 
wife Susannah, and his six livint^- children, two 
(liildreii liavin.ii' died in infancy. He names his 
sons James and JMichael executors of his will. He 
was evidently a well-to-do man, and' left a o-ood 
estate to bis family. His body, as above stated, lies 
ill ilii' dill family burial lirduiid ;it Blair Park, a 
<;ddd view df \\hich ])la(e is liiven l)y the eni^raviim 
td be found in this volume. The writer had a 
])bdio df flic spot taken in 1805, from which the en- 
<;Taviii;;- was made. Colonel Woods was a man of 
hiiih <-liai-a(tcr, and it is a reproaich to his descend- 
ants that bis urave and that of his father lie .^o 
sadly uesilected. The little cemetery is forever re- 
served from sale or cultivation, and the I'inht of in- 
gress and egress cnraranteed ; and it would be a 
simple matter to enclose the ground in a neat iron 
railing, set the place in gras.> and erect there a 
sightly uiouiiiuciil which •would ])('r]ietuate the 

I.— JAMES WUUDS— BouN 1713 (?). Died 


II.— MARY WOODS— BuuN 1711 (■>). Died 


I. Died 
VI.— AXXA WOODS— BoKx 1700 (?). Died 

^'.— S.\R.MT WOODS— Boux 1757 

VFL- JOHN WOODS, JR.— Boux 1703. 
1 701. 


VIII.— SUSANNAH ^\( »01 )S— BoiUN 1708. Died 

AVe cannot affinu that John and Susannah had 
iio dihcr children than the eight abdve mentioned. 
It is Udi at all unlikely that there may have been 
one ()V two others who died in early infancy, but 
whose graves canudt now be identilied. Two of the 
I'ighl gi\('u in the alid\-e list wduld never have been 
known of by the writer had be not found their 
graves in the Blair Park burial-i)ldt, with stomas 
meiu(U-y df a Wdi-lby family wild liel]ied to make distinctly marked. Six df the eight were living iu 
Piediiidut, 'N'ii'ginia what it is. One thousand dol- 17!)1, and are e.xpressly named in Ciilouel Woods's 
lars w(Mild be am]dy sutticient. In any feasible at- «ill. and there is every reason for believing tiiat he 
tempt whieh may hereafter be made l)y the Woodses iiieiili<iiie(l every one of his living (bildren, un- 
to acl up<ui the suggestion just offered, the writer like his father Michael (if I'.lair Park. There 
of these lines will be glad to co-operate to the ex- can scarcidy be a doubt tiiat a diligent search 
tent of his ability; and aftci- he himself shall have thrdugli I lie MIU Books and Deed P.ooks of thesev- 
passed away he hopes that his descendants will eral cdiinties iu which the married childi'en of 
stand prepared to redeem his pledge. (\ilduel AVddds lived and die.l wduld be rewarded 

■^Vitbdiit pretending to absolute accuracy either with much infdrmati(Ui, not obtained by the author 
as to all ihe dates given, or the precise order of of this vdlume. He accomplished a good deal in 


this lino, but he was unable to i^ivL' nunc time, to of her grandfather, ilicluiel Woods, under bis will. 
it than lie has done. I See Ai)itendix !•'. I WC believe tJuit a farel'MJ in- 
1 — JAJiIES WOODS was probably the tii'st-born speetiou ot tiie siiiiialures ot -lames and -Mary 
of the children of Colonel John Woods and Susan- Woods, executed in IT<>T, wonbi conviDce the ma- 
nali his wife. The exact date of his biiih can not jority of ])ers(ins lluil Ihe wrilei's of tliose sifjna- 
be i!,iven with entire certainty, l)ut tiie writer be- tures wei'e very probably over I wenty years of age. 
Hives il was about the year 1743. The Kev. Dr. A second consideration in favor of the earlier date 
Edgar Woods gives 1748 as the year of James (1743) for llie birlh of James Woods is tiiat it 
Woods's liirth, but we feel there are some good rea- places liis father's marriage at about his thirtieth 
sons for believing that the flgiire 8 in that date year, wliereas the biier date (1748) would make 
should give place to a figure 3, which it so closelv John Woods fo iiave been full thirty-five years old 
resembles, and Inr which it is oflcu mistaken by when lie marri(Ml a young wdiiian fur Avliose heart 
copyists in clerk's ottices and elsewhere.'" Tlie and band be bad, accnrdim; l<> the family tradition, 
principal reason for so believing is that James been waiting for perliaps live to ten weary years. If 
\\'oods and his sister Maiy attaclu'd their signa- he married the charming Susannah in 1742, when 
tares to certain documents iu 1707 — the originals she was about seventeen — as early a date, perhaps, 
of which are now in the writer's possession — ^the as her parents were willing to accede. ti> — that 
style of which signatures indicates tliat the writers would be about wiiat we would have expected. P>ut 
of tlicm were i^ersons of somewhat inaiureage, and it looks far less reasonable to suppose tliat he de- 
accustomed to writing. | See Appendix F.) If layed till lie liimself was tliirty-five, and she was 
Colonel John Woods did not marry till 1747, and twenty-two. Then, tliirdly, there is at least some 
bis son James was not boru till 1748, and his significance in the fact that Michael Woods, John's 
daughter :Mary not before 174!), then James and father, chose the year 1743 for giving his son a good 
jNlary were only niueteeu and eighteen years old, farm — 350 acres on Medium's River. If John did 
respectively, when the signatures referred to were marry Susannah in 174-, as we incline (o think he 
written. James and Hilary signed tlieir names a did, and if llieir tirst child, James, was born iu 
half a dozen times each in 17(;7, as the originals in 1743, as we feel reasonably sure of, we can see the 
the autiior's possession show. (See facsimiles iu eminent propriety of giving the young folks a farm 
Appendix F), and he believes that the majority of jvist then, and letting them go off to themselves, 
intelligent people would say that those were not Then, lastly, the date 1743, if its final figure, 3, 
the signatures of persons who were less than twen- were carelessly written, might easily have been 
ty-five years of age and unaccustomed to w riting a mistaken for 1748. Clerks and others in copying 
y-ood (leal. There is not one man or wduian iu ten, ipoal (biciiments often make just such mistakes as 
under thirty years of age, who writes his or her this would have been, and such an inaccuracy may 
name with more marked uniformity than did these imve been perpetrated in this particular case. On 
two persons on the occasions referred to. Tiiere tliis theory Susannah was about seventeen wheu she 
are variations, we admit, but ouly such as are com- married, and about forty-three when her last cluld 
mon with (he people of any age. That the Mary (Susannah) was bnrn. If tiie writer uuiy )>(> par- 
Woods Avbo did tlu' signing in 1767 was James's doned tlie iiersoual allusicm — liis owu motluu- was 
sister and not Mary, his wife, is demonstrated by married five months liebire she liccame seventeen, 
the fact that James did not marry Mary Garland j^ud he himself, her last cluld, was born four months 
till 1770, and by the further fact that iu one of the before she became forty-three. Hence, the theory ad- 
cases she states that the receipt she signs is for vanced and the conclusions reached in this case 
money she had received as her share of the estate have nothing novel or slraiiu'd about them, and 



Ilicv fall ill willi \aii()iis Icnown coiiditious of tln' 
](iulilcia in liaiid. it be added here that the 
vcai- 1T()S. wiiicli is assigiu'tl for the birth of Susau- 
uali, liie hist (.Jiiid nl' -Inhu and Susaimah, was got- 
ten by the writer from a i>aiiiplik't written by Mr. 
W. 11. Miilci', (if KichuHiiid, Ky., who si>eaks as if 
lie were in jjossession of very ((Hiiph'te written fam- 
ily records."' ilc is a descendant of Susannah 
Woods by her iiusliand Daniii .MiUer. (Fac-similes 
of the original signal ur(s of lioth Susannah and 
Daniel can be found in Aiipcndix F, which see.) 

When Colonel -lolin Woods wrote liis will a few 
weeks befoi'c his dealii (1T!U) lie named his sons 
James and Micliael as bis executors, lie mentions 
James first; and tliis fact would, as a rule, indicate 
that he was the obler of (lie two brothers. It is cer- 
tain, however, that .lames migrated from Albe- 
nuirble to Kentucky a few years after his father 
died, and before liie estate was fully settled up. 
The receipts from legatees of Colonel \\dods for 
payments of their respective shares of his estate 
taken in IT'.tl.' and 17!t3 began thus: "Keceived of 
James Woods and iMichael Woods, executors," or 
in words to that eliecl ; but in ITlMi and 1797 we 
tind several of these recei])ts of the legatees men- 
tion .Micluud and omil ail allusion to .lames as 
executor. Of couise, as .lames was, in law, one of 
the executors even after lu' bad migrated to Ken- 
tucky, there would have been no impropriety, in re- 
ceipting f(U' a legacy, to mention him as one of the 
executors from wIkuii the money came; but tiie ab- 
sence of James would no doubt cause many persons 
to make their receipts read "ii-om .Micbael ^Voods," 
as he was the only one of the two executors then in 
Virginia. Besides, James, after settling in Ken- 
tucky, doubtless paid one or more visits to his old 
Virginia home while his father's estate was being 
settled lip, and while in Virginia on these visits 
may have receipted in person for legacies paid out 
by liimself and ^lichael. 

According to various authorities James married 
Mary Garland, a daughter of James Garland, of 
North Garden, Albemarle County, Virginia. She 
is said to have been born October 13, 1700, and to 

have married James ^Voods Febnuiry 2.'), 177;t. At 
tlial dale .lames was alxait tbiity-six years (d' age, 
and .Mai'y was not nineteen. In the year 171).j, or 
179G, Jauu's Woods moved to what is now (Jarrard 
County, Kentucky. Of the thirteen children born 
to this couple it is next to certain tliat all but the 
last three or four weri' born in Albenuule County, 
Virginia. .Mary, wife of James Woods, died in 
Garrard County, Kentucky, in 1835, and was 
l)uried near what is called the "Hanging Rock" in 
that county, .hnnes \\'oods was, according to Dr. 
Edgar Woods and other reliable authorities, au 
officer in the Revolutionary Army; but the rank he 
held and the command he served Avitli are unknoAvn 
t(f the writer. Some of his descendants have posi- 
tively stated that he was Colonel (d' llie Twelfth 
Virginia Reginu'nt, but this is unciuestionahly a 
mistake. The commander of that regiment was a 
Colonel .James Woods (his surname having no s in 
it), who was afterwards Governor of Virginia. The 
write)' s|K'aks positi\'ely (ui this ])oini because bis 
great giaudfalber ( who was an olHcer in that regi- 
ment I, wlien, in 1S18, be applied for a pension, had 
his claim delayed several years because he 
tbouglitlessly atlded ilie letter s to tlie name of his 

CobuK I, uuiking it "Woods," instead of W I. 'i'bis 

was all stated under oath, and the oflicial records 
of the case ( case of Samuel Woods of Mercer Coun- 
ty, Kentucky, wlio was pensioned in 1823, and ^lied 
in ISiMii ai'c on tile in ibe Rension Office at \\'ash- 
ington, and can be obtained for a small payment by 
any one who cares to have them. 'When -James 
moved to Kentucky he was a man of about flfty- 
three and the father of nine or ten children, the 
eldest of whom was about fifteen years of age. 
This was a Rresbyterian family, and all of the 
thirteen cbildi-en weic baptized in infancy, .lames 
A\'oods's death oce\nred in 1823, twelve years prior 
to that (d' bis wife. Herewith a list of their chil- 
dren is gi\'en, as kindly furnished to the autluu' of 
this work by iNlrs. .Jane Harris Rogers, of Lexing- 
ton, Kentucky, who is their great granddaughter: 
(a) The first child of -James and Mary Wdods 


wu.s JOHN^ who was born Fclimiary 125, ITSO. Of ricd Kli/.aliclli Harris May I, 1S0;», tlio ceremouy 

his history the writer kuows uothiug. hciui;- pci'loniu'd in iMadison ('(niiily, Kentucky, by 

(b) The second child of James and Mary was the Jiev. I'eter \\'(mi(1s, his cunsin. She died Octol)er 
Mary, wlio was born January G, 1782. 13, 1808, aijed seven ly seven years. Anderson and 

(c) The tliird chikl of James and Ahiry was Elizabelh had a son named .lames llaiiis Woods, 
J.VMKS (iAULAXn, wlio was born April '2'.'>, \lS'.i. Itorn in .Madison Counly, Keiilmky. .Iiinnaiy '21, 
Allusion to this son is nuule in an (dd lelter dated 1810; baptized An^iisl, ls:;7;aiid died in Coliimbia, 
at Colundiia, South Carolina, January 25, 1825, Missouri, January 11, 1845. His wife was Miss 
signed by his younger brother, Nathanicd Woods, Martha Jane Stone, wlio was born in .Madison 
and addressed to Michael Woods (then living- in County, Kentucky, .\ugusl 7, isl."). Tiieir niar- 
Xeison County, \'irginia), tin- brother of James riage occurred .May 28, 18:55, in I'xione (\)unty, 

and son of Colonel John "W ils. In tliis lelter the Missouri. She die.l in Nebraska City, Nebraska, 

said Nathaniel \\'oods speaks of "Ijrotlier James JIarcli 17, 1868. Slie was bajili/.ed in .\ugust, 18;{7. 

Woods," for wliom a sum uf money liad been left in William Stone Woods, who is now i I'.K) 1 i a banker 

the hands of Michael ^^'oods, and the letter in ques- in Kansas City, Missouri, is the son of James Har- 

tion is an order to [Michael to send it to Nathaniel rjs Woods and [Martha Jane Stone. ( See sketcii of 

either by "Cousin John Miller" or one Samuel William Stone Woods in I'art 111 of this volume. ; 

Rlain. Febriiai-y 25, 1825, Samuel Blain writes a (g) The seventh child of James and Mary was 

receipt to 3Iichael Woods for $530.50 which one named Susannah. Her I'allier's mother's maiden 

John Murrel of Kentucky had deposited with said lumie was Susannah Anderson, and her fathei-'s 

Michai I ftir either James Garland Woods, or Na- youngest sister, who mari-ied Daniel Miller, was 

thauiel Woods. Of Nathaniel, who was the young- uamed Susannali. Slie was b(u-n Septendier 1, 

est child of James and ]Mary, we shall sjieak pres- jy.sf) 

ently. (h) The eighth child of James and Mary was 

James (iarland Woods was made an Elder of named Rice, and was born November 6,_ 1790. It 

Taint Lick Church in 1820, and his son, Kice Gar- j^ ^.-^j^l j]^.,|. ].i^.^, ^\-,,ods (son of James and Mary) 

land Woods, in 1855. Mr. Rice G. Woods died a few (^je(| p^-iy in \\{^^._ 

yeai's ago. The writer understands that it was a ^^ The ninth child of James and -Mary was 

daughter of his who married Mr. Ed Walker, of Michael, who was born January 5, 17i)2. The 

Taint Lick. number of Woodses who Imuv this imme is so great 

(d) The fourth child of James and Mary was ^]^.^-^ j^ would be bewildering to attempt to enume- 

Whj.iam, w ho was born May 9, 1781, of whom we j..,^p jjjj,| distinguish them, a)id show how they were 

know nothing more. related. Like his brother .\mlerson, he is saitl to 

(ej The fifth child of James and Mary was imve moved to .Missouri, 

named Sarah, and all we know of her is the date ^ |^ , r|n,,^. ,^,,i(li ,.||j|,| ,,(• .T;,,:ies and Mavy was 

of her birth, January 1, 178(;. named .Mary Kh'i:. who was boin SeptcMuber 24, 

(f) The sixth child of James and Mary was 1795^ in Albemarle C(mnty. She was probably the 

named Anderson, born January 18, 1788. He was ^.^^^ ^^ ^j^^, ,.i,ii, born prioi' to the migration of 

baptized in Albemarle County, Virginia, by the the family to Kentucky, as that move took ]dnee not 

Rev. William Irvine, pastor (d' the Presbyterian later than the summer of I 7'.m;. She was married 

Clnireh, to which the Woodses belonged. He re- to Overton Harris in Garrard County, Kentucky, 

moved to Kentucky with his parents in 179G. In December 1. 1814. In the fall of 1817 she moved 

1823 be moved to Boone County, Missouri. He with her husband to Miss.mri, where she spent the 

di,.d "at Taris, Missouri, October 22, 1841. He mar- remainder of her bn.g and uscdnl life. Ib-r bus- 


lijiiid ilicd ill iSii, iiiiil slu' sui\i\c(l liiiii thiitv-two jiuislicd (li'iKial .loliii Milk'r of the Federal Ariiiv 

years, dyiiii;- Aiijiust 'M. lsT(i, wlicii she liad iiuarly who IVII, iially wduiided, at the Battle of Rich- 
completed her eii;htytiisl year. She left seven iiioiid. Kentucky, in August, lst;2. Nothing else is 
children, as follows: 1, .lojiii Wodds Harris, who known of him liy the writer. Nathaniel was prob- 
mariicd .\nn ^lary McClurc; 2, .lames Harris, who alily in Soiitli ('arolina selling mules and pnrchas- 
married Salna .iaciisoii ; :!, .Martha Ryland Harris, iiig negroes, one or both, as was commoni\- doiu' in 
w lio married .Tojin .Mills .Maii]iiii; 4, \\'illiam An- those days. The old pioneers' road from Central 
deison llanis, who married l^lizabeth Kobnett ; 5, Kentucky to Tennessee and the ("ar(dinas liv wav 
Saiali lOlizabeth Harris, who married George of Cumberland ( Jaji had been ]Mit in fair eonditiou 
limit : ('., .Mary Frances Harris, who married Thom- ''.v the State of Kentucky, and was the great liigh- 
as iSerry Harris; and, 7, Overton Michael Harris, ^vay between the regions referred to. Natliauiel 
who married AVood. ( For fuller account ^^ -'li^ "'"'.v twenty-two years of age when he made tlie 
()( .Mary Kice ^^'oods and Overton Harris, and oth- ^'''1' '•' < 'arolina. There were several families of 

er connections and descendants, the reader is re- NN'oodses then living in both the Carolinas, blood- 

ferred to the sketches of .Mrs. .lane 11. Rogers, and Ivin td' the Kentucky Woodses, and he may have 
]\rrs. .Mary F. ilarris in I'art 111 of this volume.) '"'en visiting them. 

(I I The eleventh child (d' .lames and Mary was .lames Woods, sou of Colonel -lohn Woods, as 

named Eliz.vbetii. who was lioin in Garrard Coun- stated before, died in Garrard County, Kentucky, 

ty, Kentuclcy, lieyond reasonable (b)ubt, .June 7, iu 1823, at the ripe age of eighty, if the author's 

171)8. contention as to the date of liis iiiiih (1713) be 

( m I The twelfth child (d' .lames and ^lary was granted ; or seventy-live, if the year 1748 be correct. 

named l''i!.\^xc'KS, ^^•ho was boni in (larrard County, He and his children and their descendants have 

Kentucky, April 2(1, ISOO. She was married to f'U' three -(|iiarteis ^>t' a century been a tower of 

A\illiam vSlavin October 14, 1S17, ami moved with strength in (iarrard County, and es|iecially as re- 

him to Missouri, .settling in 1823 in what is known s])ects the I'aint Lick Fresbyterian Church. Thev 

as the Bonne Femme neighborhood in Boone Coun- are among its main supporters to this day, and the 

ty. She bore to her husband si.Y daughters and a community which they have had so much to do with 

son. and died iM'bruary 11, 183G. ( l^)r additional develo]Hiig and adorning is one (d' the most attract- 

particiilars in regard to this branch nf ilic AVoods's ive and intelligent in all the Blue Grass region, 
the reader is referred to the sketch of .Mrs. George II. — According to the autlKu's calculations and 

B. -Alacfarlane in Fait III of this volume. ) surmises, based upon what he considers reasonable 

(n) The thirteenth and last child of James grounds, the second iliild of Colonel .lolin AVoods 

Woods and his wife, Mary Garland, was named and Susannah .Vnderson was MAKV WOODS. The 

Natiia.mel^ who was born August 27, 1803. The e.xact year of her birth is not certainly known, but 

only incident in his life known to the writer is the it is bidieve.l to have been about the year 1744. 

one referred to on a incvioiis page in dealing with The writer fully presented, in the sections de- 

Ihe life of his older brother, .James Garland Woods, voted to her brother .James, and her father Colonel 

to wit: his being in Columbia, South Carolina, early John \Voods, the reasons which constrain him to 

in the year 182."'). An m-der which he penned at assign a date for the marriage of her ])arents live 

that time was addressed to his uncle, Michael years earlier than that which some of the chroni- 

Woods, of Nelson (_^ounty, A'irginia, f(U' a sum of clers of Inu- family have fixed upon— 1712, instead 

money to be paid either to himself or his brother of 1747— and the di.scussion of that (piestion need 

James, and which was to be conveyed to him by his not be here repeated. Of Mary's life we know but 

cousin .Tohn :Miller. Tliis caisin was the distiu- little. Her father, Colonel John W(dds. as the prin- 


cipal executor of his father, often caUed iiiioii her id .Mjissic lo lie Ihf -ii;ii(li;iii ,<( his sdii .Midiacl. 
and her brother James to witness to receipts he lie made llic saiJ .M.issic. uihI his smis James ami 
toolv from the legatees of his father's estate, and .lohn Woods < xcniKus, iiihi jiis w ile execulrix. The 
otlier persons. Fac-similes of her signature are wiiucsscs In his will wnc Sji. (iarhiml. .lames 
given in Appendix F as slie wrote it one hundred iioyd, and dames lieid. .Michael seems lo ha\e died 
and thirty-seven years ago, for the entertainment the yea:- afler his will was made. He was e\ ideid- 
of all who care to see just what sort (d' a serilie ly a successful hiisiness man, and Idi a good estate 
Miss xMary was. We Ivuow that she was not con- to his family, lie was a I'reshyleiiaii : and he he- 
tent to l)e Miss Woods always, and that she linally lieved in giving his children good educations, lie 
married a John Reid. Under date of "November left live scuis and three daughters. They will he 
ye 2G, 1793," Joim Reid gives a receipt to the cxecu- nient i(UU'd here in the order in which iliey are 
tors of Colonel John NNoods for t he amount left his given by .Mr. dniian Watson Woods, of .Mississippi, 
wife Mary by her father, dust how buig she had who is well iid'ormed in regaid lo this branch of 
been the wife of John Keid at that date the writer the \\'oodses. We copy from his list of the children 
has no means of knowing, but she was then a wo- of xMichael Woods and his wife Fsiliei- Caruihers. 
man of about forty-nine years. The writer regrets as follows: 

that he has no further inforuuit ion in regard to her (a) James Micuakl, who married his cousin 

or any children she may have had. Margaret Caruthers, of Rockbridge County, Yir- 

III.— MI( JIAEL WOODS, The Third, son ginia, and died in 1S7A) or IS.Jl near Liberty, Bed- 

of Colonel John Woods and Susannah An- f(U-d Couidy, Va., leaving the following children: 

derson, was born, as avc have g 1 reasons 1, Susan Elizabeth, who married dames \\'. Clark, 

for believing, about the year ITiti, in Albe- of Mrginia, and died young, leaving one daughter 

marie County, Virginia. His wife was a who is now living in Fluvanna County, Va. ; 2, 

Miss Esther < "arutliers, of Itockbridge Ccninty, Michael James, born in ISIJ'J, who, after serving in 

Virginia. She is by some called "Hettie," which the Confederate Army, settled in North ilissis- 

was, no doubt, a sort of pet-name for Esther. He sip[)i, whei-e he married a .Mrs. Hibler, and, later, 

lived on ivy Creek, Albemarle County, till about a Miss ^lary Butts, who Ikji-c him a sou aud daugb- 

the year 1800, when lie moved southward into that ter. He died years ago in East ]>as \'egas, 

portion of Albemarle which, in the year 1807, was Mexico, where his widow and children still reside; 

nuide the County of Nelson. Here he spent the last 3, John AMUiam, born about 1841, who never mar- 

twenty-tive years of his life. In 1791 his father ried, and settled in Hernando, Miss., where he was 

died, aud he and his brother James were made his killed in a negro riot in 1876. 

executors. The greater part of the transactions |bi doiix Cauitiikus, who married a .Miss Da- 
connected with the settlement of his father's estate vis, of \'ii-ginia, moved to Missouri in \s:',U. leaving 
seems to have fallen to him, as his brother James the following children: 1, A\illiam. who lives in 
migrated to Kentucky in the fall of 1795, or the Kansas City, ^Mo. ; and 2, a daughter. Mis. N. U. 
sirring of 1790. He made his will the 22nd of Feb- Langsford, of Waxahatchie, Texas, 
ruarj-, 1825. In it he mentioned the following per- (c) Samuel CARUTiiEiiS. who luanied Sarali 
sons, to wit: 1, his son John Woods; 2, his sou Rhodes n{ Nelson ('ounly, \'a., nioxcd lo .Missouri 
James AA'oods ; 3, his son Samuel AAoods; 4, his S(ui in 1S;>!(, and there died iii ISi'A't or lS(i7. He Idl a 
William Woods; 5, his son Michael Woods; G, his son, .M. Woods, who i-esides ai I'ddorado S|iriugs, 
daughter Susan Massie; 7, his daughter Mary Bar- Cedar County, Mo. 

clay; 8, his daughter Jane '\'\'oods; 9, his wife Es- (d) WiLLiAJt Moffett. who was born March 27. 

ther Woods; 10, his friend aud son-in-law Nathan- 1808, and died May 25, 1802. His wife was Louisa 



Elizabeth J)al)iH'v, wIk.mi 

iiiarricd October 4, Esther, married William Hardy, and settled in 

1837. She died .lime :.'!l, ISi;!. Tiiey liad the fol- 
luwiiiii ehildreu: J, Seiioria Dabiiey Woods, born 
August 2, 1838. and died A])ril 7>. 18()tj; 1', Julian 
Watson ^Voods, who was born Mdy 15, ISiU. ^^'il- 
liam MollVlt Woods after the death of his first wife 
(in 1843) married .Martlia -I. .Seott, wlio was born 
A|nil I'O, IMl, and died Mareli 7, 1872, leaving si x 
ehildreii as Inllows: 3, .Mary l^ouisa, born Febru- 
arv It;. 1S4!I, and died February liO. 18G0; 4, Daniel 

ilissouri. She died y(aing. leaving two daughters, 
bdlh of whom died unmarried. 

IN'.— SUITA WOODS Avas, as we suppose, the 
fourth child of Colonel John Woods and Susannah 
Anderson, and we believe she was born about the 
year 17.")!'. She is mentioned in her father's will, 
where her name is "Suta," but in one place in an 
original document she sjiells her name Suit Woods 
( in 17!ll.' I, and we conclude that her full name was 

Scott, born April 25, 1850, and died April 5, 1800; Suita. She was unmarried on the 19th of Septem- 

5, Fannie Langhoru, born September 18, 1851, and her, 17112. Iiut ^May 13, 17U7, we find Samuel Keid 

died June 30, 1888; (i, Nannie Scott, born January (whom she had married) giving a receipt to her 

23, 1853, married C. F. Wagnon November 24, brother .Michael for the amount id' her legacy from 

188(1; 7, W illinm .Motfett, Jr., born June 8, 1850, ]ier father Colonel J(din NN'oods, deceased, and in 

and die(l January 10, 1888; 8, Susan .Massie, born tiiis receipt Samued IJeid rcd'ers to her as "Sute, 

.March 10, 185'J, and died August 10, 1802. Wil- my wife." So it seems her relatives varied her 

Ham Motfett Woods, the father (J' the children just 
enumerated, resided at his father's old home in 
Nelson County until 1854, when lie moved to lUick- 
ingham County, Va., where lie died in May, 1802, 
agrd fifty-four years. • 

(e) Michael Woods, Jit., sou of Michael and 
Esther, died when about twenty-one years old. 

(f) Susan Woous^ daughter of Michael and 
Esther, married Nathan Massie of Nelson County, 
A'a. She died young, leaving four cliildren: 1, 

name .-is they deemed nu>st ■siiitdhle. Samuel and 
Suiia moved to Kentucky and were the progenitors 
of a large connection in Garrard and Lincoln 

V. — SAl.'All AVOODS, wl I we have concluded 

to have been the fifth child of Colonel John Woods 
and Susannali Anderson, was born 1757 and died 
in 1770. Of this daughter the writer knows noth- 
ing lieyond the dates of her birth and death, which 
he copied from her tombstone in the Blair Park 

Niithaniel llai.lin. who is a prominent lawyer of burial ground some years ago. 

Charlottesville, \'a.. born about 182(i, who has been VI.— ANNAAVOODS was, as we believe, the sixth 

twice married, and has three sons and a daughter ,.,,i|,| ,,n'ol,,nel John Woods and Susannah Ander- 

by his last wife, .Miss Eliza Nelson; 2, James ^..^^ .,^1 ^j^,, ^,..,^ probably born about the year 

Woods, who was a lawyer in Lexington, Va., and jy,;,,. Uvv ( 4iristian name is spelled by some per- 

left one son; 3, .Mary, who married J. Ilailey Moon, ^,,nj, ^-Ami," and bv some others "Anne," but her 

and left a son, the Hon. John B. iloon, of Char- 
lottesville, \'a. ; 4, Esther, who married (Ndonel 
AN'illiam Patrick, of Augusta County, \'a. 

(gj .Makv Woods, -who married Hugh Barclay, 
of Lexington, Va., and died in 1855, leaving four 
sons, to Avit : 1, John W. Barclay, Lexington, Va. ; 
2. Dr. Mirhael W. Barclav. who mo\ed to Ken- 

father, in his will, gives it ".\nna." She married 
John N. Iteid some time ])iior to August, 1700, as 
we find him receipting to her father's executors at 
that date for money he had received for her. She 
survived her husband, and some time after his 
death she married one of the numberless William 

AVoodses, who was her cousin. Of her further his- 

lucky, and married his cousin Susan .Miller, a tory the writer knows nothing whatever. It seems 

daughter of (leneral John .Miller, and died in 185S, the Beids were in high favor with tlir Woods girls, 

leaving several children. for three of Colonel John AVoods's daughters mar- 

(h) Jaxe Woods, daughter of .Michael and ried a Beid — Man- marrying John, Suita marrying 


Sauiuel, and Anna marrying John N. Tlu'sc men after his marriage lo Snsannah NNunds i:c mnved In 

were probably not residents of Albemarle County, Kentucky, uJid setli<il on drowning Creek in .Madi- 

\'a., as Dr. Edgar Woods, in his History (d' Albe- son County. The hisi iiccipi (d' his given in ilic old 

jaarle County, fails to refer to them as sucli. account book now in llic writer's possession licars 

yil. — JOHN WOODS, Ji\., was i»robably tlie date October ."), ITllT, ami lie was then, most iimb- 

sevenlli cliibl (d'('olonel -Tolin Wooilsaud Susnnnah ably, in .Mbcmarle ("onnl\', N'irginia, wiiclher as a 

.Vnderson. All \\i' know of him has been gotten visitor or a resi(b'iii we cannoi afhrm. Snsannah 

fi(im his tombstone at Blair I'ark, which shows he died at the .Milhi' home on Drowning Crcn^k 

was born in 1TG3, and died the year following. .Vngust 13, 1831', in her sixty ronrlh yeai-. Her hus- 

VIII. — SCSANXAH WOODS was probably the band survived her nearly nine years, dying April 

eighth and certainly the last child of Colonel John 23, 1811. The bodies of both Daniel and Susannah 

^^d^ds and Susannah Andt'rson. The date of her were at tirst buried on the old .Miller ])lace, but 

birth is given as Sei>tember 21, ITtiS, by Mr. >\'. II. now repose in the beanliful Kichmond ( Kentucky) 

Miller, of Kichnumd, Kentucky, one of her grantl- Cemetery, their graves being marke(l by tmub- 

sons. From the manner in which (Ndonel Woods stones. 

provided for Susannah in his will we infer that she Daniel Miller and Susannah ^Voods left ten 
was a great favorite with him. Her name is found children, a list of whom, with many particulars, 
appended to a nnniber of receipts in 171J2 and 1793, the author has here copied from ilu' |iam])hlet of 
she being single, but other receijits of 17U7 show ^Ir. A\'. 11. Miller, of Kichmond, Kcnincky. 
that she had by that time become the wife of Dan- (aj Tolly .Millkk. tirst child of Daniel and Su- 
lci .Miller (see fac-simile in Appc luli.x V, showing sannah, was born in Albemarle Cotmty, Virginia, 
her signature). Mr. W. H. Miller, her grandson, October 11), 1794. She was taken ill wJiile Jicr jiar- 
gives Nelson County, Va., as the place of her birth, ents were traveling to Kentucky and died on the 
but that county had no existence until 1S07, and way. The date of her death is given by Mr. ^Y. 11. 
Nelson was carviMl out of Audierst County, which Miller as May 21, 1795. Of course Daniel .Miller 
was carved out of x\-lbeinarle in lldl. A\'e know of may have been in .Mliemarle merely on a visii when 
no reason iov supposing her widowtd mother ever he gave the receipt previously luentioued as bear- 
moved from Albemarle. Susannah's brother Mich- ing date October ">, 1797, but it would hardly seem 
ael moved to Avhat is now Nelson County, but not likely that he would make that long and tedious 
until years after his sister Susannah had married journey in 1797 if he had just c<Mue out West in 
Daniel Miller and moved to Madison County, Ken- 1795. But Mr. W. H. iMiller gives his dates as if 
tucky. Susannah was married to Daniel Miller — he were copying from family rec(U'ds, and we ac- 
aecording to the statement of .Mr. \\ . 11. .Miller, of cept them, not, however, without some fear lest 
Kichmond, Ky., November 28, 1792; but the writer copyists may have made some unintentional mis- 
has in his possession an original receipt which she takes in the figures. 

signed November 2(i, 1793, and in which she wrote (b) Robeiit .Milliou, second child id' Daniel and 

her name "Susannah Woods." Her nuirriage oc- Susannah, was born June 22, 179(!. In 1822 he nmr- 

curred only a day or two, perhaps, after that re- ried Sarah :\Iurrel, l)y whom be had five children: 

ceipt was given, however. Daniel .Miller, accord- 1, Susan, who marrieil i'lank Lee; 2. Lizzie, who 

ing to his grandson above mentioned, was ojie of umrried Fraidc Lee ; 3. .Maggie, who marrieil Ceorge 

nine children. His brothers were John and Thorn- Griffin; 4, George; and 5, Robert. His second wife 

as, and his sisters were Annie, Betsy, Jennie, Su- was :Mary Craig; and his third wife was:Mr.s. R(>tsy 

sannah, Polly and Sallie. He was born in Albe- Griflin. a widow. He died of cholera in 1873. 

marie County, Va., May 28, 17G4. A few years (c) John Mili>eu, tlie tliird child of Daniel and 



Susannah, was liorn in .Mailisdii Coiinrv, Ky., June 
30,1798. His wife was Elizabeth (lOodUie, l)y 
\vlu)ni he had icn ciiihlrcn: 1. Susan (J., ■\vho uuir- 
rietl Mike Jiarchiy; l^. Sarah W., wiio married Da- 
vid (Jdodloe; ;>, .Mari;aret S.. wlm married Edmund 
H. Buruham ; 4 and 7>, \\iliiani (i. and Daniel, who 
were twins, llie former dyiui; of eliolera in IS-tD. 
and the laller in early infancy; (i, llellie, who mar- 
ried William Heuton; 7, Mary, who married 
Charles Slejjhens; 8, John; !», Luey, and 10, Oi- 
tavia. John Miller rose lo promini'nce in Kentucky 
and early in the Civil War was made a Drigadier 
General In the Federal (Jovernnu'nt. At the Bat- 
tle of Richmond, Kentucky, while endeavoring to 
rally his disordered columns (August 31, 1862) he 
received a fatal wound near Mount /ion Church, 
from the effect of which he died Septeniher (>, 18ti2. 
His remains repose in the cemetery at Kichmond, 
Kentucky, and a monument marks his gra\'e. 

(d) Jamics Mii.m:k. who was the fourth cjiild 
of Daniel an<l Susannah, was horn in .Madison 
County, Ky., August 3, 1800. lie married Frances 
Harris, and died May 2, 18<i!». Nine children were 
horn to James and Frances, to wit: 1, Christo- 
pher; 2, Daniel; 3, Margaret Susan, who married 
Dr. ^^'m. I'ettus; 4, ^lalinda. who married a Mr. 
IJuller, and then, after his death, a .Mr. Ia'o Ha- 
den ; 5, John H., who married a. Mrs. Angeline 
Brown Harris; (>, Fannie; 7, James, who married 
Gertrude l\'ttus, and then, after her death, .Miss 
Susan Chenault ; 8, Bettie, who married Dudley 
Portwood ; and 0, William Harris, who married 
Kate I'artman. 

(e) Elizabeth Miller, the fifth child (d' Daniid 
and Susannah, was lumi in Madison County, Ky., 
March 28, 1S02, and lived only about seventeen 

(f) Susannah Mii.lki;, who was the si.xth chill 
of ]>aniel and Susannah. \\as born in ^Madison 
County, Ky., iManh 2(), 1804. She nmrried Stan- 
ton Hume the ."'Olh day nf October, 1821, by whom 
she had five children, to wit: 1, Julia Anderson, 
mIio married Thomas Stanhope Ellis; 2, .Margaret 
Miller Hume, who died in December, 1820; 3, Su- 

san Jane, who married John H. lOmbry; 4, William 
Stanton, who inarried Eugenia Itnrnham; and 5, 
.Mary l.cjuise, who married Thomas McBoberts. Mr. 
Hume died February 13, 18.13, and Susannah mar- 
ried Kev. Allen Embry, a Baptist minister. She 
died November 11, 1871. 

(g) :MAia;Ai!ET .MiLLi:i!. who was the seventh 
child of Kaniel and Susannah, was born December 
2!), ISO.-.. Un the Oili of February, 1820, she was 
married to Edmund L. Shackelf(U'd, by whom she 
had eight children, lo wit: 1, .Martha llockaday; 
2, .Mary Juliette; 3, Susan Frances, who married 
Sidney \'. Bowland ; 4. William Henry; .j, a son, 
whose name is uid<no\\n; (i, iMlmnnd Lyne; 7, Mar- 
garet, A\ ho married Kobert llann; and 8, Juliette 

(hj .Mali.xua .Mili>];k. the eighth child «d' Daniel 
and Susannah, was born January 15, 1808. She 
was married to John H. Shackelford December IG, 
IS.'K), by whom she had two sons, to wit: 1, George 
Daniel, who married IJuth Wartield, and, after her 
death, Lizzie Sweeney. In August, 1870, he was 
elected clerk of the ^ladison County Court, which 
ottice he held until his death in 1874 ; 2, James 
Shackelford, second child of John H. and Maliuda, 
married .Mary Bates, and later on, she dying, he 
married .Miss .Mary Keene. He is now a leading 
and prosperous hardware merchant in Kiclnuond, 

(j) Thomas Woons .Mn.Licit, the ninth son of 
Daniel and Susannah, was Imuu in Madison Coun- 
ty, Ky., December 3, 1811. He nmrried ^Mary Jane 
Hocker June 1, 1841. But one child was born of 
this couple, namely, Malinda, who nmrried John 
Samuel (hvsh'y. In 1882 :Mr. Thomas W'. .Miller 
was residing in Stanford, Ky., and was the only 
surviving child of Daniel ami Susannah ^liller, 
and in his seventy-first year. 

(k) Christopher Irvine [Millei!. the tenth and 
last child of Daniel and Susannah, was born De- 
cember 20, 1813, at the home of his parents in Mad- 
ison County, Ky. He married Miss Talitha Harris 
Se])tember 1, 1836, and died October 14, 1878. His 
wife survived him about three years. Eleven chil- 



dren -n-ere the fruit of this uiiiou, namely : 1, Sarah 
^A'allace, who was boru June 7, 1837, aud married 
Stanton Hume Thorpe, by wliom slie had ten chil- 
dren ; 2. Kobert David, wlio was born ^March 4, 
1839, served in the Confederate Army, aud mar- 
ried Susan J. llai'uett, by wIkmii be lias had seven 
childi'en; 3, James Christopher, who was lioru 
Se]>tember 3, 1841, joined the Confederate Army in 
1862, and married Mrs. Elizalieth S. Kayburn, iiy 
whoiu he bad four eliildren; 4. John Thonms, who 
was boi'u Aiiiiust 10, 1844, aud married Anice I']l- 
kiu, by \\lioni be lias had four children ; 5, a sou who 
was born October 20, 1844, aud lived (inly a few 
weeks; 0, Christojther Irvine, who was born April 
18, 1848, and was for several years a merchant at 
Richmond, Ky. ; 7, Susan Woods, who was born 
August 2, 1850, and married Thomas Richard 
Hunu', by wIkhii slic has had four children; 8, Wil- 
liam Harris (the author of the Taliiablc littb' 
pamphlet published in 1882, frdui whidi most of 
the information in this work concerninji' the Jlillers 
was obtained), who was born October 22, 1852, who 
has held various important offices in iladison 
County, Ky., for a loni;' series of years, and who, 
wliilst takinti' much commendable interest in the 
history of the uuiih rous liranehes of the .Miller fam- 
ily, does not seem to have had a wife ami family of 
his own up to the time he became the chronicler 
of the Millers; 9, Mary Eliza, who was born Jan- 
uary 29, 1855 ; 10, Mike Woods, who was born Feb- 
ruary 13, 1857; and 11, Elizabeth Frances, who 
was born duly 15, 1804, and who married Junius 
Burnham Park May 8, 1882. 

From the foregoing sketches it will be seen that 
Colonel John Woods of Albenmrle County. Ya., 
contributed no little to the development of Ken- 
tucky, three of his children having migrated thith- 
ei more a century ago: his son James, wlio set- 
tled in (iarrard County; his daughter Suita (wife 
of Sammd Reid ) wlinsc cbildicn lived in Garrard 
and Linc(dn; and his daughter Susannah, wife of 
Daniel Miller, who settled in Madison Ccmnty, 
Tlie same is true as respects several of his brothers 
and si.sters. of (be notable part played by Mich- 

ael A^'dods of Blair Park, tliniugb bis gi'aiidcbil- 
di-en and great grandchiidi'eii. in the early settle- 
nu'ut and (b'velopmeut of the Kentucky (Nimmon- 
wealtli we siiall have occasion to speak .ii ilie close 
of Ibis cbaiilci-. Il i.s, in I'ncl. a wniKbTfnl story, 
and one (d' which the descciidanis id' .MiciiacI 
^^'^(lds may Justly feci pmiid. 

F— MARGARET W ( )( )1 )S. 

The sixlji cbibl «( Miciiaei nf Itiaii- Park and 
his wife .Mary CanipbcJ! is b(dieved to iiavc been 
Margaret, and she was jirdbably born in Ireland 
abont the year 1714. If so, she was a little girl of 
ten summers wIkmi the W'nod.scs and Wallaces mi- 
grated to North America. Her Aunt Elizabeth, as 
we have already seen, was the widow of Peter A\'al- 
lacc, ami bmnglit abmg with her to America the 
si.\ cbildren she bad borne to bef husband ere he 
jiasspil away. Among the si.K ^^■allace children 
was a son named Andrew, who was ])robably twelve 
years (dd at the time of this migration. It seems 
nnist probable that Andrew AN'allace married Mar- 
garet Woods (his first cousin), shortly before the 
Woodses mo\-cd down into \'iiginia — say, in 1733 — 
and accompained his father-in law to the eastern 
fool of the Blue liidge and settled near him Iq 
what was then the Couidy of Goochland (now Al- 
benmrle). ^^'e know that Andrew Wallace lived 
near what is now Ivy I>e])ot, on paii of ilie 2,000 
acre tract which .Micliael Woods ]Mn-cliase(l of 
Charles llndson in 17;!7, the oiigiii;ii deed for 
wliicb is now in tlie ]i(issession of (be present 
writer, ^^'e also know I bat she bore to ber bnsband 
eight children. Her death may lia\-e occurred aboui 
1754, when she was forty years old. If she died 
about that tinu' her children's ages probably ranged 
from two years up to twenty years, .\ndrew Wal- 
lace was |troli;ibly a man of forty two w lieu left a 
widower willi a Innise full of children, uol more 
than one ov t wo. if any, of them being t ben married. 
W'e know not whelber Andrew remarried after 
^largarel's death, but wc do know iliai but a single 
(Uie of his eight children renuiined in Albemarle. 
Dr. Edgar Woods says the cbildren went ^Vest. 


\\v iiirliiic Id llic niiiiiioii tliat oue of the sous Tliis Kiduird Woods died in 1801, and could uot 

(Mirliacli uiovcd to I'cuusylvauia, where his par- liavc hccu tlic sou of .Micliael AVoods. His son, 

euts liad lived for Ion years (from 1724 to ITJU), IJicliard, Jr., liavinj;- tlu' name of his father, and 

and llial iio si'llhd about ('arlish', and that from alscp of 31ichael "\^'oods"s sou Kicliard, lias doubtless 

iiiiii llic disiiniiiiished soldier and man of letters, often ))e( n confounded in tlie minds of many per- 

.Ma jor-( i( ueral Lew A\allaee. has desceuded. For s(uis with one or llie oilier Kieliai'd \\'oodses meu- 

furilier iiailieulars see ("lia]iler Second of I'art I. tioued. Kieliard Woods (di(d 1771) ) had a daui;h- 

of Ibis \(diime wbieb is devoted to the Wallaces. ^^,l■ -^ybo married a Kieliard Woods, possibly this 

(See Note 75 for an item in regard to Andrew AA al- Itichard, -Ir. The \\'illiam Woods just nR'ntioned, 

lace.) Andrew Wallace died in Albemarle iu 17S5. ^yjio was tlu' son of the elder Albenmrle Richard, 

(j_i>icnAT;r> woods. 

was a snr\'ey(n- by profession, and he was known as 
"Survinor Billy Woods" in order lo distinguish 

r.elieviiiii', as we do, thai Ifichard was one of the iij,,, iy,,,,, (i,,, imiltilndincus ^^■illiam Woodses iu 

sons of .Mieliael ^^■oods of I'.lair Park, we have reck- Albemarle. In the leiinthy discussion on i)reeeding 

oned that be was iioru in Ireland about the year ,,;,oes of this Chapter Third, devoted to settling 

1715, .Hid beiiee was a boy nine years oKl wheu the j^,,^^. ,||;i„y children :MichaeI Woods of Blair Park 

family tame lo I'eiinsylvauia, and nineteen wheu really had, a good deal has been said about his son 

tlie Woodses moved to Virginia. Wheu Ricliard I'ldiard wliidi need uot now he repeated. The dis- 

caiiie to full maturity — say about 174(t to 17. )0 cnysioii on a jirevious |)age ridaling lo tlie identity 

he hail a goodly number (d' near kinsf(dk li\iug iu ,:f the Sammd A\dods who lived at I'aiut Lick 

the (Ifeal N'alley, uot far away, in what is now cinivih. Canard Couuly, Ki utiieky, np to about 

Rockbridge Couufy lllieii Augusta County). The isoo, and then moved to Tennessee, with the son nf 

^McDowells. ANallaeis and i.apsleys weic his blood ]«ieliard Woods of Rockbridge County, of the same 

ndatious. Three of his own dear sisters were there. i]auu\ may also lie consulted by any one who wishes 

This, and llie fael lliat llie region iu wbieb they ^o consider that ((uestion. Richard Woods, who 

lived was itself an inviting one, was a rational iu- ^vas the sou of :\lieliael of Blair Tark, ami the 

diieement. Possibly he found a sweetheart over iivotlnr of .Magdalen :\rc])ow(ll. Sarah Lapsley and 

thife while visiting his kinsfolk. Of Richard's ^Martha "Wallace, died at his home near Lexington, 

wife Jean lor .Jenny, or .Janet) we tiud mention iu Virginia, in 1771», and left a considerable estate to 

his will, made in 1777. A\'e have no means of know- ]iis wife, .lean and his Iwo sous, Benjamin and 

iiig her surname. She probably survived him, lor t^amuel. In his will he did not nieution the daugh- 

she was alive when be wrote his will. P.otetourt fer who had married a man of his own name, which 

County, when created in 17(i'.l, embiacid the region m.,,, ,1,.,^ ]|.,vo been a sou of the elder Richard 

in whidi he lived, and he was that county's first ^^',„„is of Albemaile. Those sous, we know, sold 

High Sheriir. lie di<'d iu 1771), having two their lauds in 17S:! ; and, according to the opinion 

cliildi-eii; a son named Samuel, and another ,,f the late Major Varuer of Lexington, A^i., they 

named Renjamin. I'ln ic was a Richard Woods, a moved to Kentucky. If the Samuel Woods who 

man of iiii]iortance, who resided for many years in ijyed at Paint Lick, Ky., from about 1783 to 1800, 

Augusta County, and Hkii moved to .Vlbemarle. was not identical with Kichaid \\'(iods"s son of 

His second wife was Elizabeth .\nn Stuart (or Bet- that name, then we have no idea what became (d' 

SY Stuart), a si.ster to Col. .lohn Stuart of (Jreen- this last mentioned Sannnd Woods, of Rockbridge, 

brier County. He had four children, William, H— ARCHIBALD WOODS. 

George Matthews, liichard (.Tr. i, and a daughter According to our best jndgnu'ut Archibahl was 

named Elizabeth, who married one .fames ISrooks. the eighth child of Michael of Blair Park and Mary 


Campbell, and was probably boru in Ireland about nnicli uiicei'taiiily in tlie minds of nil cuiiceincd as 

tlie year ITKJ. One of bis descendants, .Indjj;!' Jolm to wbetber tlic sliaiT nf lln'cslalc In wliirh ilml de- 

A\'. \Vo'nds, of Roanoke, Virginia, in a letter to tlie ceased tirandsdii n\' did .Midiael wmild have Imch 

wrilcr dalcd Marcli, 1!)00, gave it as bis o])inion eiililb'd, liad he lived, slifnild he Ircalcd as iiul lia\'- 

tliat Arcliiliald Woods (son of Micbael of lUair iiig descended lo liiin, or as I lie Inw Inl |iropei'ly of 

I'ark ) '•was born about 1710, or 1714." Tliesligbt- lliat deceased grandson and snlijeei lo disi ribul ion 

ly later date (1716) seems to tit somewbat better among liis jawrni heirs. (See rae-sinnles, and 

into tbe known conditions of tbe case. Arcbibald cojdes of (lie Colonel .lolin Woods jiajiers in Ap- 

was one of tbe cbildreu of Micbael of Blair Park, pendix 1-'. i 'i'lie iirohabiliiy is ilia( (his grandson 

about wbose precise relation to tbe latter tbere bas -n-as alive wlien .Michael made his will. hn( died be- 

n( V(r l)eeu any ((uestion, for .Michael exi>ressly re- fore bis grandl'adier did. This will lie iielter nn- 

fei'S to hini as his son in bis will made in 17(11. derst(!0(l liy examining (he copy of old .Michael's 

Tbe tirsf mention we bave of .Vrcbiliald is found will, (o he seen ow a foiigoing ]iage, and noihing 

in a deed dated July 30, 1743, by ■\vbicli bis fatlier what he says alioiU "each grandchild now in be- 

eouv<'yed to bim 400 acres of land on tbe beads of ing." 

l\y Creek and otber brandies of Nortli Iiiver, In 17(>7, Arcliiliald Woods, as ajipears from the 

which land had lieen patented liy Michael June 10. Allieniarle records, sold (he I'aiiii whicli his fadier 

1737. Archibald was tben, according to our cal- ba<l con\cyed (o him Iwenty-four years liel'ore, but 

cnlation, twenty-seven years old, and bad prol)ably be does not seem to have at once renounced bis citi- 

just been nuirried. Tbis year 1743, be it noted, was zeusbip in Albenuu'le, for we find bim mentioned in 

tbe one in wbicb ^ficbael conveyed a farm to each a deed made in Botetourt Count.v and dated Xo- 

one of five of bis cbildirn, namely: \Villiani, Mich- vendier ll*, 1771, as "of Albemarle County." Tbis 

ael, Jr., John, Arcbibald, and "William "NA'allace deed (on record at Fincastle) was from James, 

(tbe husband of bis daughter Ilannab). Of his George and Kolieit .McAfee, of Botetourt County, 

Avife we only know that her Christian name was and conveyed to Aichiiiald a ]ilantation of four 

Tsaliidla. and that she bore her Imsbaud a cousid- hundred acres of land lying on Catawba Creek (in 

erable family of children. There is good reason what is now Boanoke County, N'irginia). Tbe place 

f(U' lielieving (bat she was born about tbe .vear was known, and still is, as "Indian Camp." There 

1723, and that she married Archibald in 1743, the McAfees (who constitute tbe subject of Bart 

when she was twenty years old and be was twenty- Second of this v(dumei had lived since 1748; and 

seven. When Michael of Blair Bark made bis will when they sold this plantation to .Vrchihald \Voods 

in Xoveudier, 17r)l, he referred to "son Archibald's they remaine<l in (he neighborhood, James McAfee, 

son jMicbael" and honors this namesake by be- Sr., (tbe father of tbe live sons who helped to set- 

queathing to him bis "great-coat." He also further tie Kentucky, 1773-177!)), moving down Catawba 

alludes to Arcbibald in such manner as to make the Creek a few miles to a ])lan(a(ion widiin a mile of 

impression that be was the father of a consid(>rabIe what is known as Boanoke Ked Sulphur Siu-ings. 

family. The truth is. as we believe, .Vrciiibald and Tins Indian Camp place was the home of .\rclii- 

Isabella ]irobal)ly had eight or nine children when bald Woods until his deaih in 17S:',. Ii was right 

^licbael made his will. From certain allusions to on the famous ••Wildei luss Woad" which came up 

be found in receipts, wbicb several of the legatees the Valley from the Botoniac by Winchester, Stan- 

(d' old .M icbael gave to his executors (James and ton and Botetourt C(Uir( House, on to New Biver 

John Woods) during the years in wbicb bis estate at Ingle's Ferry, and dow n through Southwest Vir- 

was being settled up, it is clear that Archibald ginia to Cumberland (iai> and into Kenincky. John 

Woods had had a son to die, and that there was Filson (17S4), Ihe tirsi hislorian of Kenimky. lin 



tilt' (ircUi- of time) in liis lisl of tlio stations of the When wo ronio to give a ooniplote list of the 

Wihlcrncss If.iad,'' cniiuncniinii at Philadel- childrtn of Anliibakl Woods and his wife Isabella 
]ihia and cndini; al I he I'alis of liic Ohio, gives as wo ai-e obliged to speak with some hesitation so far 

pari of Ilic list, liicsr ilrnis. to wit: 

"To Staniitou, 1") [iiiil('s|. 

''To North Fork James J\iver, 37 miles. 

"To Hotetonrt C. II., 12 miles. 

"To Woods on Cataw iia. I'l miles. 

"To I'att'ison's on KoaiKilic, !l miles. 

"To Alleglit'iiy .Mdiintain, S miles. 

"To New Kivcf, ll! miles."' 

This shows that the old .Mr.M'ce — Woods place 
on the Catawba— :McAfee"s Irnm 174S to ITTl, 
and A^'oods■s frnm 1771 to 17.So — was direct- 
ly on (hat well-known highway, and that 
it was a favorite stop]>ing jvlaee for travellers pass- 
ing to and fro between the settlements in Pennsyl- 
vania. [Maryland .ind Cciitial N'iiginia on the one 
haml, and Soiithwestcrn \'irginia, the ( 'arolinas, 
Tennessee and Kentucky nn the other. No dunbt 
I)aniel r>niine and other famons hnnters, explorers 
and pioneers often fonnd shelter and hospitable en- 
tertainment at "Indian ("amii" during the last half 
of the eighteeiiih ceiiiury. Thai historic old pla.-e 
seems lU'ver to ha\'e jtassed fnim the ]i()sscssion of 
Areliibald \\'oods"s family, I'nr it is today (iwiied 
and ocen])i( d by his descendants, and two of them 
who are (d' the (uigiiial ]ir(im(>ters of this jmblica- 
tion ( -Indge John W . \\i>ni\s and Hon James F. 
A\'oods, of Ko.inoke ('ily, \'a. i were burn there. 
There are but few old In iiiiesi eads in .America 
which have been in the possession of a single fam- 
ily without a break for a ceninry and ;i third. The 
present wiil( i- hojies he w ill be jiardoned for cher- 
ishing a tender feeling towards "Indian Camp," 
not only because of its close connection with his 
Woods kin; but also because, for nearly a (|narter 
of a centnr\- before thev owned it, his .Mc.Vfee an- 

as concerns several of them; but so far as the I'c- 
searclies of the anihor of this work have extended 
the conclnsion which seems to be warranted is that 
they certainly had seven children, and most ])rob- 
ably three more, making ten in all. It is not pre- 
tended that the dates given in the following list and 
the order of the children's births are anything nntre 
than reasonable guesses, in the main. 

I.— AVILLIA.M AVOODir?— Boitx 1744 (■.'). 

l)ii;i) . 

II.— MFS. HK.\/EAL— Born 174.5 (•?). Dii:!) 

Diioi) . 

IV. — lollX \\(»()D8— Boitx 174S (?). Died 
1S4(I (?). 

V.MLS. COAAAN— Born 17.")0 f.'). Diicn 

VI.— .Mi:S. TIH.MBLE— BoRx H.')!' f.'). I)ii:i) 

VII. — TAMES AVOODS— Born 1755 [•!). Died 
17!)7 t ■.'). 
All!.- ARCHIBAid) AVOODS, JB.— BoRX 1757 

( ".'1. Diia) . 

IX.— ANDBEAV AAOOHS— BoRX 17(;(> (?). 
lHi:i) ^^. 

X.— JOSEPH ANOOOS.- BuRX 17(;;J (?). l>ii:n 

I.— The first child of Archibald Woods and his 
wife Isabella We shall niention, and wlio iiiax' have 
been their first-born, was WILLIAAI AA'OODS. The 
date of his birth Ave imdine to believe was about the 
vear 1744. The first and onl\ mention of him is 

fonnd in a certain bond dated -Inly 2, 17(!S, which 

cestors made their honu' there, they ha\ing bonght his brother Joliii Woods, rhen of (iranville ("onnty, 

it when New Liver — only twenty odd miles distant Sonth ("arolina, execnted to his iiiude, ('(donel 

— \\as the extreme Sontliwestern bonndary (d" civil- John Woods, exeentor of the estate of Alichael 

ization. At this old home on the Catawba Arehi- AA'oods of Blair Park, on receiving from him the 

bald AA'oods dieil in 17s:!, the records at Fincastle legacies of AA'iiliam and Isabella AA'oods, son and 

showing that his personal elfects were appraised danghter, r('S])ecti\'ely, of Archibald AA'oods. In 

December 2G, 1783. He died intestate. said bond AA'iiliam AA'oods and Isabella Woods are 


said to be "of South Carolina." A copy of the whole we can iiiia,tiine no i-easou for such a move. But if 
of tliis lininl will be found in Ajipendix F, and also it was the Criiiivillc coiiiity (if (lie nortlH-rn colony, 
a facsimile of a portion of it. AVe liavc no means we could iindcisliind it; for (licic llicy would not 
of kuowinij- when he and liis sister went to South only have found a rollin,^- country, a salulnioiis (di- 
Carolina, or what the inducement was, or whether mate like that of Albemarle, and almost the identi- 
either of them was ever married, or when or where cal agricultural conditions and jiroducts they had 
they died. The bond, whilst expressly statinp: that been familiar with. Imt would have .settled in a 
John Woods, one of the makers thereof, lived in community in which many of their near Iilooil kin 
Greenville County, South Carolina, i^ives no bint were living-. Could it be ]iiissible that it was not 
as to what part of that colony William and Tsa- the South Carolina we know to-day, but the 
bella lived in, but simply states they are "of South South Carolina of loose, popular speech which 
Carolina." The presumption, however, would natur- once was known in the early days of the Carolinas? 
ally be that they resided in the same county he did. The rpu'stion is: AA'as there ever a time when the 
The county of Granville louij since ceased to exist region now end)7'aced in the counties of Orange and 
in South Carolina. Tn 177.5, it constituted one of the Granville, in North Tarolina. could have been prop- 
tw(dve military districts which had been organ- erly spoken of as a ]iart of what is now 
ized in that colony for purposes of defense in the South Carolina.?"^ Was there ever a period 
quarrel with England ; and it covered the territory in the early days of Carolina when the 
now included in the two counties of Beaufort and Northern Pro^•ince or Colony was not gen- 
Hampton." The adjoining colony on the north erally understood to include the liackwoods re- 
— North Carolina — also had a county called Gran- gions two hundred miles inland? We know that 
ville, which had been formed in 1740 out of Edge- as late as 1700, and proliably much latei-, nothing 
combe County, and named in honor of Sir George was understood to be meant by the "Noi-thern Prov- 
Carterct (Lord Granville). North Carolina, how- ince" except the strip of coast settleiuent which 
ever, still has its Granville County, though its area lay to the iiortJirofit of Cape Fear. The very term 
has again and again lieen diminisluHl bv taking of "North Carolina," was unheard of, apparently, 
its territoi'y in order to form new counties. In prior to IfiOl.'" The neighborhood in which Wil- 
1751 Orange County, North Carolina, was carved, A\'oods of Indand settled was fully one 
in part, out of Granvill(>, and here William Woods, hundred miles to the west of the territory which 
of Indand, the brother of ^Michael of Blair Park, the Lords Proprietors of Carolina described as 
and Elizabeth Wallace had settled. Whether he "our colony northeast of Cape Fear." It was 
was ever a citizen of Virginia is uncertain. This probably Granville county when William Woods 
A\'illiaiu Woods, son of Arthibald, was the great of Ireland went there first, but since 1751 it has 
nephew of William of Ireland; and his migrating been Orange county. If there was a time when the 
from .\lbemarle County, Virginia, to a region far Northern Province did not include any territory 
to the south of his childhood home cfnild be mucli which was not northeast of Cape Fear — and this 
more satisfactorily explained if if was Granville no umn can question — to what province or colony 
County, Noi-th Carolina, and not the county of that did the region where William of Ireland lived be- 
name in the southern colony, to which he and these long? Certainly not to Ynrth Carolina. Of 
otlier children of Archibald Woods went. There is course there came a time when North Carolina 
something surprising and eutircdy inexplicable in became a well-defined colony as to its pi-ecise boun- 
their having gone away down on the South Caro- daries, and when what is now (!i-;iuvirie county 
li-aa coast close to the Georgia line. They had was recognized by evei'ybody as ])ai-t of its terri- 
never lived in a low. swauijiy country like that, and tory. But the question is: .Might n(d a jdain 



farmer, in writing a documeut iu the year 17G8, 
have spoken of the region which is now a part of 
North Carolina, nnder the name of Soutli Carolina, 
withont layini;- himself open to the charge of un- 
heard-of ignorance? These thoughts are present- 
ed merely to suggest a possible solution of a very 
puzzling questiou. The ouly other possible ex- 
planation is tliat John Woods, or the man who 
wrote the bond for him to sign, wholly through in- 
advertence, wrote the word "South" when he 
would hnre written "North" had he been thinking 
of what he was doing. The present writer can 
think of several gnod reasons why Archibald 
Woods's children might have settled in what is now 
Granville County, North Carolina, but of none 
whatever for their going down into the malarial 
lowlands of tlie extreme southeast corner of South 
Carolina. Rut that William Woods and his sister 
Isabella and his father John did live for a time in 
one of the Carolinas is as certain as unhnpeach- 
able written documents can make it. It is ex- 
tremely probable, also, that these three children 
of Archibald Woods had three married sisters who 
did the same thing, but of them we shall have occa- 
sion to speak a little farther on. 

IT— :MRS. WILLIS RRAZEAL was, as we are 
inclined to believe, a daughter of Archibald Woods 
and his wife Isabella. Our only reason for this 
belief is that in a receipt which John Woods, the 
son of Archibald, gave to Col. John Woods (son 
and executor of Michael Woods of Rlair Park) 
July IS, 17GS, she is spoken of as one of the gi'and- 
daughters of Michael Woods of Rlair Park and as 
entitled to a legacy under his will. She and a 
Mrs. James Cowan and a Mrs. John Trimble are 
all joined in the same receipt. John Woods, who 
received a receipt for their legacies, states in the 
receipt that he acted by virtue of the letters of at- 
torney which the husbands of those three women 
had given him. The question is : What child of 
Michael Woods of Rlair Park was the father or 
mother of these three w^omen? We have never 
read or heard of any granddaughter of old Michael 
who married a man having either of these names. 

That they were at the time (1768) living in Caro- 
lina seems almost certain, for John Woods, who got 
their legacies for tliciii, was then a citizen of Gran- 
ville county, Sdutli Carolina, and had letters of 
attorney for receiving their legacies from their 
grandfather's estate. It is reasonably certain that 
these three women, whose Christian names are un- 
known to us, were daughters of Archibald Woods 
and Isabella, and sisters to William Woods and 
Isabella Woods of South Carolina. Thus it would 
appear that no less than six of the children of 
Archibald Woods had gone down into one of the 
Carolinas to live prior to the year 1768, namely: 
William, John, Isabella, Mrs. Rrazeal, Mrs. Cowan 
and 5Irs. Trimble. Further than this we have no 
information in regard to tliem. We feel reason- 
ably confident, however, that when tlieir brother 
John returned to Virginia to reside and settled 
at his father's place on Catawba Creek (in what 
is now Roanoke county) some, if not all, of this 
little colony of Woodses came with them. 

Ill — One of the children of Archibald Woods 
and Isabella was a daughter, ISARELLA WOODS, 
named for her mother. What has just been 
said concerning her brother William applies 
largely to her also. Rut for the information gath- 
ered from the old Col. John Woods papers we 
might never have known such a woman had lived. 
We incline to the lielief that the year of her birth 
was about 1747. In 1768, when lier brother John 
came up to Albemarle to get her legacy from her 
grandfather's estate, she was about twenty-one 
years old and unmarried. What became of her 
we have no means of knowing. 

IV — A fourth child of Archibald Woods and his 
wife Isabella was JOHN WOODS, named, we 
doubt not, for his father's brother, Col. John 
Woods. One of his descendants, Judge John W. 
Woods, of Roanoke, Virginia, says he died in 1840 
at the age of seventy-two. This would fix his birth 
in 1768, which of course is a mistake, for we give 
a fac-simile of a document he signed in 1768 when 
he ^^•as at least twenty years old. We t\.\ the date 
of his birth at not later than 1748, and if he died 



in ISiO lie attained tlie ripe age of 92, and if a 
copyist wrote 92 carelessly, or read tlie figures 
Imrriedly, it would have been an easy thing to 
have 72 taken for 92. 

The residence of this son of Archibald in Caro- 
lina has already been discussed when speaking 
of his older brother William. That he was Archi- 
bald's son we argiie because no other John Woods 
could have possibly met the requirements of the 
case. The only sons of old IMicbael of Blair 
Tark (leaving Archibald out of the account) who 
had sons named John were William and John. 
This man who was a citizen of South Carolina in 
linS could scarcely have been the son of William 
Woods (the eldest son of Michael of Blair Park), 
because William's son John was not born till 1751, 
and hence was only 17 years old in 1708, and hence 
liardly mature enough to send (in a journey of sev- 
eral hundred miles through a frontier region to 
collect and convey money. Then William's son 
John migrated to Kentucky about 17S0, and there 
married a :\riss Estell, and moved to Tennessee in 
ISOS, and died there in 1S15. In no particular 
does this John Woods meet the requirements of 
the case except that he was a grandson of old 
Michael, and named John. As for Col. John 
Woods's son John, we know he died in early in- 
fancy. We are therefore shut up to the conclusion 
that John Woods, of Granville county. South Caro- 
lina, was the son of Archibald Woods, and grand- 
son of old Michael. There is not an arg-uraent to 
be urged against this view, so far as we know. 

The receipts he gave, and the bond he and An- 
drew Wallace conjointly executed in July, 1768, 
(fac-similes or copies of which are given in Ap- 
pendix F of this volume) will prove of interest to 
his descendants, more especially. 

John Woons, son of Archibald and Isabel l.i, 
married Miss Elizabeth Smith by whom he had 
eight children. The date and place of birth of 
these children is unknown to the writer. That 
John Woods (lid not long continue to reside in 
Carolina after 1768 seems certain, for it is Icnown 
he spent a large part of his life at his father's plan- 

tation (Indian Camp) on Catawba Creek, where he 
died in 1840. If the Granville County in which he 
resided in 1768 was in South Carolina, on the coast 
near the Georgia line, we can readily understand 
how a man liorn and reared in Piedmont, Virginia, 
would soon want to get away from the ricefieldsand 
malarial regions of the low country and once more 
enjoy the mountain air and scenery which are no- 
where more attractive than in the section in which 
his father settled in 1771. If, on the other hand, 
the Granville County in which he made his home 
in 1708 was in what is now called North Carolina, 
we find a very potent reason for getting out of that 
country in the confusion and bloodshed which pre- 
vailed in what is now Granville and Orange coun- 
ties, North Carolina. The scenes of disorder in 
that region in 1705-1771, growing out of the oppres- 
sions of the colonial aulliorities and the insurrec- 
tion of the Regulators, were quite enough to cause 
peaceably-disposed men to desire another ])lacc 
than that in which to live and rear a family. The 
original protest of the Regulators was published in 
Granville county, and at Alamance in 1771, near 
by, was fought that bloody battle Itetween the 
Regulators and Governor Tryou's fiU'ces in which 
two hundred of the citizens of that region were 
slain. The year 1771, when these disorders cul- 
minated, was the same in which Archibald Woods 
(John's father) purchased the Indian Camp farm 
on Catawba Creek. It is more than likely that 
John moved back to Virginia about that time. It 
may be that part of his business in coming to Vir- 
ginia in 1708 was to look around f(ir a home in the 
Old Dominion. The road from Albemarle to Caro- 
lina led right past the Indian Camp place, and 
probably both John and his father made some ex- 
amination of the country with the view to a settle- 
ment before John went back to Cai-olina. But 
whatever his motives, and whatever the date of his 
return, John ANoods got back into Virginia, and 
spent the latter years of his life on the Catawba 
in what is now the county of Koan(d<e, one of the 
most picturesque regions in .Vmcrica. 



The following- is beliered to ))e a correct list of in 1771, and which is now owned and occupied by 

the children of John Woods and Elizabeth Smith: one of William's sons. He was married twice, his 

(a) Their first child was J.vmes Woods. The tirst wife being Miss Harriet Painter; and his sec- 
date and place of his birth, and the name of ond, Miss Sarah Jane Edington. By each wife he 
the lady lie iiuin icd iirc mdouiwn to the writer. Inid six children. 

His (lentil occurred Noveinlier 15, 1856. He left 1. Tlie first child of \\'illiam Woods by his wife 

the following children: 1, John, wlio removed to Harriet Painter was named ^lary, who married 

Illinois, and died there about six years ago, John W. Thomas, and moved to Oregon, where she 

leaving thr(>e children, Mdn/ U'oor/.s' Hatfield, died. 2. The second child of William and Harriet 

Addic W'oitd.s Bnxfoii. and Williaiii: 2, George -\vas named Sarah, avIio married George W. Lewis, 

Washington, who moved to Illinois and then to 
Nevada, ilid missidn.-uy work for n time in San 
Francisco, nnd left one daughter, Tiri/'uila Lre 
M'dtids. whose Ikuiic is at Los Angeles, Galifornia ; 
3. Gabriel, who moved to ^Missouri ; 4, Joseph. 

(h) The second child of John Woods nnd Eliz:i- 
beth Smith was Ap.SALo:\r Woods, who was 
born in 1801, and died in 1871. He wns thwarted 
in a love affair, and never married. He accumu- 
lated considerable property, was a nmn of iron will 
and acknowledged courage. 

(c) The third child of John Woods and Eliza- 
beth Smith was named .\urnTr..\LD. He died 
in Craig county, Virginia, in 1875. He left four 
children, as follows: 1, John T. ; 2, Absalom; ?., 
Oliver D. ; and 4. Alice, who mairied a ^fr. Peard. 

((\) The fonrib cliild of John Woods and Eliza- 
beth Smith was named S.\r.\it L. She married 

of Catawba, Virginia, and is now dead. 8. The 
fliird child of A'\'illiam and Harriet was named Ar- 
cliibald. \\lio lives at Vine Grove, Kenincky. 4. 
Tile fonrtli child of William and Harriet was 
named Caroline, who married ^Fajoi' ^1. P. Spes- 
sard, of Craig County, Virginia. Her husliand died 
S(une years ago ,ind she resides still in Craig Conn- 
tv. 5. The fifth child of William and Harriet was 
named Susan C, wlio married G. "NA'. Wallace. 
Her husbamrs lionie was in Catawba Valley. She 
and lie both died some voars ago. G. The last child 
of William bv his first wife, Harriet, was named 
John, and died in infancy. 

William Woods's second wife, as above stated, 
was ^liss Sarah Jane Edington, and she bore him 
six children also. 7. William Woods's seventh 
eliild (his first bv his second wife") was named 
John W., who now lives in Poanoke, Viryinia, and 

William Doosing. His death occurred before hers, a sketch of whose life will be found in Part ITT of 
She died in 1870, leaving Ihe following children: 
1, Eliza, who married a Huffman; 2, John W. ; 3, 
a daughter, who married Charles Thomas; 4, Mar- 
tha; 5, Ann; and 0, Adliue. All of these, except 
^Mrs. Thomas, lived in Catawba Valley. Mrs. 
Thomas lived at Portland. Oregon. 

(el The fifth child of John Woods and Eliza- 
beth Smith Avas named JosErn Woods, concerning 
whom we have no information. 

(f) The sixth child of John Woods and Eliza- 
beth Smith was named WiLLi.\i\r Woods, who 
was born in 1817, and died in 1882. His home 
throughout his life was at tlie old Indian Cani]i 
plantation on the Catawba, which his grand- 

tliis volume. 8. William Woods's ei!.dith child 
((he second bv his second wife) was named Amine 
E., who died in 1884. 0. William Word.s's ninth 
cliild (the third by his second wife) was named 
Josenh P.. who owns, and lives on, the old Indian 
Camp homestead. 10. The tenth child of Wil- 
liam Woods (the foui'tli by his second \\ife) was 
named Anna L., who lives at Cata\Alia, Virginia. 
11. Tlie eleventh child of William Woods (the 
fifth liv second wife) was James Pleasants Woods, 
who n<iw resides in Poanoke, Virginia, and a 
sketcji of whom will be fonnd in Part HI of this 
volume, 12. The twelfth and last child of Wil- 
liam Woods (the sixth and last bv his second wife. 

father, .Vrchibald Woods, bought from the McAfees Sarah Jane Edington) was named Oscar W., who 



is a surgeon in the United States Army, and is now 
stationed in tlie Pliilippine Islands. 

It is said tliat Joliu AA'ouds and Elizabeth Smith 
had, besides those enumerated, two sons, both of 
whom were named John for their father, and both 
of whom died in early infancy. 

V — MRS. JAMES COA>'AN was, as we incline 
to believe, one of the children of Archibald Wdods 
and his wife Isabella. Our reasons for this belief 
have already been stated in a foregoing paragraph 
treating of her brothers William and John, to 
which the reader is referred. Of tlie date of her 
birili, or marriage, her migration to Carolina, etc., 
we Icuow nothing whatever. That she \\as a grand- 
daughter of Michael ^^'oods of Ulair I'ark, and re- 
ceived a legacy from his estate in 170S, there is not 
a shadow of doubt. Tnat she was the daughter of 
Ai'chibald \Voods seems almost certain. That her 
home in tTGS ^^•as in Carolina is extremely prob- 

VJ— MRS. JOHN TRIxMELE was, as we incline 
to believe, one of Archibald Woods's children. 
Hev case is precisely like that of the Mrs. Rrazeal 
and the Mrs. Cowan above considered. She was, 
beyond all question, a grandchild of Michael 
A\'oods of Blair Park, and in 1708 received her 
legacy, as such, from his estate. See above what 
is said of her brothers ^\ illiam and John. 

VII— JAMES WOODS, one of the sons of Ar- 
chibald and Isabella, was born about the year 1755, 
in Albemarle county, ^'irginia, and died in Ken- 
tucky (probably in Mercer county, or, possibly, in 
Fayette county) about the year 17117. He was the 
progenitor of a large number of Woodses, many of 
whom lived in Mercer county, Kentucky, and some 
of whom are there at this time. His wife's Chris- 
tian name was Jane. That he migrate^:! to Ken- 
tucky some time prior to 1787 is certain, but just 
how long before that date we cannot say. The rec- 
ords of Fayette and Mercer counties might throw 
light on tliis point, and the land office records at 
Frankfort would also be likely to furnish some in- 
formation concerning him, especially if he entered 
lands anywhere in Kentucky. If be moved west 

in 1785 he was tlieu a man of about thirty years, 
and most likely several '•{' liis children had been 
born in Botetourt couuty, Virginia, and were 
carried on pack-horses through the Great Wilder- 
ness to Kentucky. The records of Botetourt county, 
N'irginia, and Mercer county, Kentucky, furnish 
some int(UHiali<m cuncerning James and his wife 
Jane, and iheir se\en cliildren. From these rec- 
ords, and from Judge John N\ . W oods, of Roanuke, 
\ irginia (who is a grandson of a brother of this 
James W'oodsj all the information of the ijresent 
writer has been obtained. James seems to have 
been a citizen of Fayette county, Kentucky, June 
G, 1787, for at that time he gave a certain power 
of attorney to his brothers m \ irginia; but it is 
next to certain that he very soon after moved over 
into the adjoining county of Mercer, for the records 
in both Kentucky and X'irginia show that by Sep- 
tember I'l, 17"J'J, he was dead, and his widow, Jane, 
with his seven children, were living in Mercer 
county. A suit of some kind (friendly, perhaps) 
had been brought by four of James's brothers, 
(John, Andrew, Archibald and Joseph) to compel 
the infant heirs of James and Jane to convey to 
them the old Indian Camp plantation on Catawba 
Creek, Virginia. In this suit Jane appears as the 
guardian of her children. James probably died 
in the spring or summer of the year 1791), and in 
Mercer county. He left seven children. 

(a) One of the children of James ^^'oods and 
Jane was named Pkggy_, who was probably born 
in Botetourt county, Virginia. She was a minor 
in September, 1799, and may have been born about 
1780. She is the first one of the children men- 
tioned in the suit brought by iier fathers brothers 
in 1799, though she may not have been her parent's 
first child. We have no knowledge of her subse- 
quent history. Margaret was no doubt her real 
name, of wliicli Peggy was a sort of pet-name. 

(b) Joseph Woods was another child of 
James and Jane, and was probably born not far 
fi'om 1784. He was in Mercer county with his 
widowed mother in September, 1799, and under 
twenty-one years of age. We do not know whom 



liL' mai-ried. iL is reasuuiibly cenaiu tliat this 
luau was tlie father of the late Harvey Woods, a 
farmer, who died a few years ago, and whose home 
was on the west side of the tiiruyike between Uar- 
rodsburg and McAfee, Keutuclcy. The writer 
called to see him in the summer of 18U5, and he 
was then perhaps seventy-rtve years old. That he 
was descended from Archibald Woods and Isabella 
through their son James "Woods seems extremely 
probable. Joseph ^^■oods, the sou of James, was 
about thirty-live or forty years old wheu this Mr. 
Harvey AVoods was boru. 

(c) AitCHiBALD Woods was the name of an- 
other of the sous of James and Jaue and went to 
Kentucky with his parents some time jnior to 
1787, when he was a small child. He must have 
made the long and dangerous journey through the 
Wilderness ou a pack-saddle, as did thousands of 
little folks in the pioneer i>eriod. Archibald 
Woods (son of James), as we believe, reached 
his maturity about the yeai' 18U0, and mar- 
ried a Miss Anna Adams. This lady, we 
strongly incline to believe, was either the daughter 
or niece of that gallant young t^amuel Adams (sou 
of William Adams) who was one of the five sturdy 
meu who composed the famous "McAfee Com- 
Ijany" which explored Kentucky in 1773. He was 
then a youug man of about uiueteeu years, the 
youngest in the party. He was probably a mar- 
ried man by 1778 (the year Ijcfore the McAfees, 
Adamses, McCouns, etc., moved their families to 
the Salt liiver Settlement in Kentucky.) If the 
Miss Anna Adams who became the wife of James 
Woods's sou Archibald was Samuel Adams's first 
child, she probably was born about the summer of 
1779, came to Kentucky with the associated McAfee, 
xVdams, Woods and McCoun families in the fall of 
1799, and married Archibald Woods about the 
year 1800. A sou of Arcliibald ^Voods married a 
Miss Cleveland and she has a sou, Mr. Henry 
Cleveland Wood (he spells the name without the 
final s), who is prominent in literary circles, and 
resides at Harrodsburg, Ky. Many of the details 
liere suggested are, of course, presented merely as 

reasonable conjectures, and not as authentic his- 
tovy. It is barely possible that Archibald, the son 
of James Woods, is not the man w ho went to Mer- 
cer county, Kentucky, and became the husband of 
Anna Adams — it may have been his uncle Archi- 
bald, the brother of James, instead of his son. Of 
him we shall now have occasion to speak. 

incline to believe, the eighth child of Archibald and 
Isaliella — one of the numberless Archibald Woodses 
that give the genealogist of this family no small 
trouble. The year we have fixed upon as the prob- 
able one for his birth is 17.57. A^'e know next to 
nothing of his life. If he is the man who settled 
in Mercer county, Kentucky, and was the progeni- 
tor of the Mr. Henry Cleveland AA'ood of Harrods- 
burg, theu, of course, we should be obliged to re- 
vise some of our calculations given in the preceding 
.section devoted to James AVoods. But whilst this 
Archibald AA'oods, Jr., may have gone to Kentucky 
late iu the eighteenth century, we do not think he 
was the one who married Miss Adams, unless he 
was at least twenty-five years her senior. 

IX.—ANDREAA'^ AVOODS was another sou of 
Archibald and Isabella, and was probably boru 
about the year 17G0. In a previous part of this chap- 
ter, wheu discussing the number of children Michael 
A^'oods of Blair Parle had, we mentioned various 
coincidences going to show that the Andrew AA'oods 
(1722-1781) who lived close to Michael's Blair Park 
home, and afterwai'ds settled about eight miles 
southwest of Buchanan, Virginia, was a son of 
old Michael and a brother to Archibald of ludiau 
Camp. AA^e are reminded of one other coincidence 
in the fact that Andrew AA'oods (1722-1781) named 
one of his sons Archibald, and that Archibald of 
Indian Camp named one of his sons Andrew\ 
This is just w'hat we find nearly all the brothers in 
this family doing — they peri>etuated family names 
by naming their children for their parents, uncles, 
aunts, brothers and sisters. Of this Andrew, son 
of Archibald and Isabella, we know but little. 
Judge AA^oods, of Roanoke, Va., says Andrew weut 
to Kentucky, but knows nothing further. 



X.— JOSEPH WOODS we regard as the last of 
the children of Archibald aud Isabella, aud he was 
l)robaI>Iy born abont the year 1703. He spent his 
whole life on the Indian Camp homestead in the 
Catawba ^'alley, dying there in 1832. lie was 
twice married, hut no children were born to him. 
In his will he devised the sum of |3,000.00 to 
Montgomery Presbytery. That devise has been 
kno\\n ever since as the "Woods Legacy" ; aud 
despite all the commotions and ruin of our Civil 
^^'ar, it remains intact to this day, the interest on 
it constituting an annual contribution to the cause 
uf Christ when the pious donor has now been in his 
grave for more than seventy years. 

J.— M.UfTHA WOODS was, as we incline to be- 
lieve, the ninth child of Michael of Blair i'ark aud 
Mary Campbell, and was probably born in Ireland 
in 17:!0, only four yeai'S before the migration of her 
parents to the American colonies. Martha was 
a girl of fourteen when her father settled 
at the eastern foot of the Blue Ridge in what was 
then Goochland County (now Albemarle). Her 
eiUest brother, A\illiam, had married feusannah 
AN'aliace; her sister Hannah had married \Vil- 
liam ^^'allace; and her sister Margaret had mar- 
ried Andrew \\allace; so that intermarriages with 
hrst cousins had become fashionable in the two 
families when the time came for her to give her 
cousin, I'eter Wallace, -Ir., an answer lu his pro- 
posal. She simply fell into line^ so to s^jeak, and 
married him. From that time (ITllj forward her 
home was near where Lexington, Virginia, now 
stands. There she i-eared a large family of chil- 
dren, and there, in IT'JO, she died, her husband 
having preceded her six years. In the previous 
chapter, which is devoted to the \>'allaces, addi- 
tional items can be seen bearing on her history 
where her husband's career is treated of. 

K.— ANDREW WOODS was, as we believe, the 
tenth child of Michael of Blair I'ark, and Mary 
Campbell, aud was probably l)orn about 1722, two 
years before his parents migrated to America. It can 

scarcel3' l)e (pu'slioncd llial .\nilre\v \\'o(>ds accom- 
liaiiied his parciils in 17;'>l, wiien they went up the 
Creat N'alley, and asci'udcd tlic I'.lue Ridge at the 
gap afterwards called Wdods's Gap, and came to a 
halt at its eastern base in what was then Gooch- 
land County. Andrew was then a boy of about 
twelve years. In about the year 1750, when he was 
al)out twenty-eight years old, he nmrried Martha 
Poage, daughter of Robert Poage, of Augusta 
County. His plantation in Albemarle was very 
close to the old Blair Park homestead. He owned 
five hundred acres of land in one place, and nine 
hundred acres in another, in Albemarle. In 17(55, 
about three years after the death of his father 
(Michael of Blair Park) he moved away from Albe- 
marle, and settled in Botetourt County near Mill 
Creek Church, about nine miles southwest of 
Buchanan, Virginia. He was one of the first mag- 
istrates appointed for Botetourt County, and was 
made its sheriff in 1777. His death occurred in 
1781. That he was a son of Michael of Blair Park 
has been amply proven, as we believe, in the earlier 
part of the present chapter of this volume, and that 
question may be considered as settled until some 
one can produce positive and relialde evidence to 
the contrary. He and his wife Martha Poage left 
eight children, who will be mentioned in the order 
in which they are presented by the Rev. Dr. Edgar 
^^'oods of Charlottesville, Virginia, in a pamphlet 
he iDublished in July, 1891. That pamphlet con- 
tains a vast array of definite information concern- 
ing Andrew and ^larlha, nud their descendants, of 
incalculable interest to all who desire to be in- 
formed about this important branch of the Woods 
family. That publication is a model of its kind, 
revealing in its author the utmost thoroughness of 
research, and conscientious care. To Dr. Woods 
we are indebted for nearly everything we know of 
the Andrew Woods branch. A part of the results 
he secured will now be given. 

Children of Andrew Woods (1722-1781) and 
Martha Poage (1728-1818.) 


Died 1817. 





IV.— ROBERT ^^■OOI>S. r.oitx . Died 

v.— ANDREA^ WOODS, JJ{. BuuN 17.3'J. 
Died 1831. 

Died ISIG. 
VII.— MARY WOODS. BoitN 176G. Died 1830. 



. Died kcr, who maii-ied Dr. John D. Kelly; 5, Joseph A\'. 
Wallver; <>, Ruberl \\'. \\'alkL'i-, who married Leila 
Taylor, and whose sou, Mr. Creed AValker, of Lit- 
tle Roek, Aik., is the father of Mrs. Alfred D. Ma- 
sou, of Meuijjhis, Tuuu., of whoui a sketch is giveu 
iu Bart III of this work; 7, .lohii M. Walker; aud 
8, Elsie Walker, who uiarried Reiilteu Kaj'. 

(dl RoiiKKT Woods was the fourth ehild of 
Jauies aud ^'auey, boru Dec. 1*5, 178(j, aud lived iu 
Nashville, Tenu. lie uiarried Sarah "West aud left 
seveu childreu : 1, Jauies Woods, the secoud, who 

I. — JAM lOS WOODS, first child of Audrew aud uiarried Elizabeth Campbell ; li, JosephiuCjWhouiar- 
Martha, uiarried Naucy Rayburu December 20, ried Joliu Brauch; 3, Robert F., who married Ma- 
1776, resided iu Montgomery Couuty, Virgiuia, and I'iua Cheatham; 4, Joseph, who married Frauces 
died January 27, 1S17. Several of his sous aud Foster, aud left three childreu; 5, Tlieora Woods, 
daughters migrated to Nashville at au early day, "i") married a Mr. Haudy; (i, Robiua Woods, who 
and that city has never beeu blessed with a higher lived iu Nashville, married William Armistead, 
type of Christian citizenship than his descendants iiud left six childreu; an<l 7. Jnlia Woods, who 
have exhibited to the world. To this couple were lived in Memphis, Tennessee, married R. C. Foster, 
boru the folloAviug nine childreu: and left seveu childreu. .Mr. Edward Foster, a 

(a) AxDKKW "Woods, who was born September prominent and honored merchant of Nashville, 
1!>, 1777. The name of the lady he uiarried is uu- Tenu., was their fourth child, a sketch of whoui is 
kuowu. His home was iu St. Charles, Missouri, given iu I'art III. 

He left fonr children, to wit: 1, Andrew Woods, (el The tilth child of James and Nancy was 

who lived iu J>ouisiana, married Elizabeth named .Maiitha \\oods, who was born October 

aud left three childreu; 2, Adiue Woods, who mar- 4, 17;k>, and resided in Montgomery County, Vir- 

ried a .Mr. ("ourtuey, aud left three children; 3, giuia. She uiarried Alexander H. Robertson, by 

Robert A\'oods; 4, Emily A\'oo(ls, who married a whom she had the following four childreu, to wit: 

Mr. A\liiliiiau, aud left four children. 1, James A\'. Robertson, who mairied a Miss Ora- 

(b) JosEl'ii Woods was the second child of ham, and lived at Dover, Tenu.; 2, Robert Robert- 
James aud Nancy. He Avas born .Time 22, 1779, son; 3, Joseph Robertson; aud 4, Alexander H. 
and died April 20, 1S59. He made his home at Robertson, Jr. 

Nashville, Tenu. ( f ) The sixth child of .lames and Nancy was 

(c) Mai!(;ai!i;t ^V()oDS Avas the third (liild of named Ja.aies Woods. Ji;., who was born De- 
James and Nancy, and was boru September 12, cember 10, 1793, aud lived iu Nashville, Tennessee. 
1781. She married John :\Ioore Walker, of Lyon lie marridl Elizabeth A. Kay, by whom he had 
County, Ky. She left eight children : 1, James Wal- eigiit children, to wit : 1, Kobert K. Woods, who 
ker; 2, Cathariue Rutherford AValker, who mar- married Snsau Berry, resided in St. Louis, and 
ried Rev. Robert A. Lapsley, aud by him had seven left four children, namely: Susan, married Giveus 
children, one of whom was the late Judge James Campbell; Margaret, who married a Mr. Green- 
Woods La]isley, of Anniston, Ala., whose wife was leaf; Anne Lee, who married a Mr. Bliss; and 
Sarah i:. I'ratt, and of whom a sketch will be Kobert K., Jr.; 2, Margaret AVoods, who married 
fotind in ]*ait III of this work; 3, Agues Walker, a :Mr. Haudy; 3, Anna Woods, who married R. B. 
who married Jose]ih Norvell ; 4, Mary Jane Wal- Castleuiau, lived iu Nashville, and left a daugh- 



tci- (l-]H:uhvth), aud a sou [Jaiiics W.) ; 4, Joseph 
Woods; 5, James, who married Adeliue Mihuii. ami 
left oue sou, Mark M. IV'oods; 6, Audrew, who lived 
iu Nashville, married Miss Love Washiugtou, and 
left a sou aud a daughter, James and Mart/; 7, 
Elizabeth, who married Sauuiel Kirkmau, lived iu 
Nashville, aud left two daugliters, Ellr.ahcHi and 
Stosan; 8, Susau, who married :Mr. G. G. O'Bryau, 
of Nasliviile, Tennessee, by wlmm slie had two 
daughters, Susan and Barslni. 

(g) The seventh child of James aud Nauey was 
named Elsie Woods^ who was born May 10, 1795, 
aud lived iu Nashville, Teuu. 

(h) The eighth child of James aud Naucy was 
named ARCiiir.ALD ^^'o(»llS, wlio was born May 29, 
1787. He resided iu Nashville, Tennessee. 

(j) The ninth child of James and Naucy was 
uamed Agnes Green Woods_, who married Charles 
C. Trabue, and resided iu Kails County, Missouri. 
By him Agnes had eight children, as follows: 1, 
Joseph Trabue; 2, Kobert Trabue, wlio married 
Mary Bibb; 3, Anthony Trabue, who resided at 
Hannibal, Missouri, and married Christina Man- 
ley; 4, Charles C. Trabue, Jr.; 5, Sarah Trabue, 
who married, first, John B. Stevens, and, later, 
William Shivers; C, George Trabue, who married 
Ellen Dunn ; 7, Jane Trabue, who married J. H. 
Eeyu(d(ls; aud 8, Martha Trabue, wlio mariied 
George Thompson, and lived in Nashville, Tennes- 
see. This lovely Christian lady it was the writer's 
privilege to meet a year or two before her death, 
and she impressed him as oue of the worthiest rep- 
resentatives of Andrew Woods's branch of the fam- 
ily. George Tliompsou aud ^Martha Trabue had 
eight children, as follows: Agnes, who uuirried G. 
G. O'Bryau, of Nashville, and had a daughter, Ag- 
nes O'Brgan: Elizabeth, who married John P. W. 
Brown; Charles, who married Elizabeth Weeks; 
Martha; Frances; John Hill, who married Agnes 
Ricketts; Jane, who married Alfred Howell, aud 
bad by liim three children; and Catharine, who 
uuirried Joseph L. Weakley. 

IT._ELIZABETH WOODS, the second child of 
Andrew Woods aud Martha I'oage lived iu Rock- 

bridge County, \'irginia, aud died iu January, 
1797. Her husband was David Cloyd, by whom she 
had nine children. He was possibly a brother or 
near relative of the James Cloyd who married Jean 
Lapsley, daughter of Joseph, Sr. 

(aj The tirst child ot David Cbj^-d aud Eliza- 
beth was named Martha, who married Matthew 
Houston, and lived at Natural Bridge, N'irgiuia. 
Their childreu were the following: 1, Sopiiia; 2, 
Emily ; 3, Andrew ; i, David ; 5, Matthew Hale, who 
had a son, the liev. Dr. Matlln'ir Uale Houston, 
now of Waynesboro, Virginia, w iio is a consecrated 
and learned minister of the (idsjiel, aud (i, Cynthia. 

(b) The second child of David Cloyd and Eliza- 
beth was uamed David, Jr. 

(c) The third child of David Cloyd aud Eliza- 
beth was uamed Margaret, who uuirried Rev. Mat- 
thew Houston, and lived at Lebanon, Ohio. They 
had two sons, to wit : 1, Andrew C. ; and 2, Romaine 
F., who married aud left three children. 

(d) The fourth child of David Cloyd and Eliza- 
beth was uamed Mary^ who married a McClung. 

(e) The fifth child of David Cloyd and Elizabeth 
was named Andrew. 

(f) The sixth child of David Cloyd and Eliza- 
beth was named James. 

(f) The seventh child of David Cloyd aud Eliza- 
beth was named Elizabeth. 

(g) The eighth child of David Cloyd and Eliza- 
beth was uamed Joseph. 

(h) The ninth aud last child of David Cloyd and 
Elizabeth (according to the order in which she is 
numtioued by the Rev. Dr. Edgar Woods) was 
uamed Cynthia. 

III.— REBECCA WOODS was the third child of 
Andrew Woods (1 722-1781) and Martha Poage. 
She lived iu Ohio County, West Virginia. Her hus- 
band was Isaac Kelly, by whom she had nine chil- 

(a) The first child of Isaac Kelly aud his wife 
Rebecca Woods was uamed Isaac Kelly, Jr., who 
married a Miss Gad, aud left four children, to wit: 
1, Hamilton; 2, Simeon; 3, Wesley; and i, Benja- 



(1) I The scfoiul chihl uf J«aac and Eebecca (not, (aj The first child of Kobert Woods (by which 

liowi'ver, tlu' pair lueutioued in ( ienesis) was uaiiied wife, tlie writei' is not iufurmedj w as uauied liOB- 
JOHN Kelly, wlio was boru iu 1784, aud died in ™T C, who married Margaret A. Quarrier, and 

1820. He married Elizabeth Wilson, and lived in 
Ohio County, West Virginia, leaving seven chil- 
dren, to wit: 1, Jane, who married \\'illiam Miller; 
2, Isaac ; 3, A. Wilson ; 4, Aaron ; 5, Sarah ; G, Ee- 
becca; 7, Eev. John Kelly. 

(c) The third child of Isaac and Kebecca was 
named James Kelly, who was twice married. His 

lived iu AN'heeling, West Virginia, leaving six chil- 
dren, as follows: 1, Emily, who married Thomas 
G. Black, and had six children; 2, Mary, who mar- 
ried Alexander Q. Whittaker, and left eight chil- 
dren ; 3, Harriet, who married Beverly M. Eoff, and 
left eight children; I, Helen, who married William 
Tallant, and left six children; 5, Margaret, who 

first wife was Jane Kobiuson, and his second was married Ilobert A. McCabe, aud left three children; 

Eliza Gooding. Dr. Edgar Woods gives the names and 6, Alexander, who married Josaphine McCabe, 

of seven of James's children, but does not state aud left three childreu. 

which wife was the mother of any of them, as fol- (b) The second child of Bobert Woods was 

lows: 1, Isaac; 2, Samuel; 3, Joseph; i, David; 5, named Andkew P. 

Alexander; G, Otis; aud 7, Eliza. ,(cj The third child of Bobert Woods was named 

(d) The fourth child of Isaac Kelly aud Bebecca Eliza Jane. . 
was named Benjamin^ who married Charlotte V. — ANDBEW WOODS, JB., was the fifth child 
Cross, by -whom he had two childreu, to wit: 1, of .\.udrew aud ilartha, aud was boru in 1759, and 
Isaac; aud 2, Eliza J. died Eebruary 19, 1831. He married Miss Mary 

(e) The fifth child of Isaac Kelly aud Bebecca Mitchell McCulloch. His home was in Wheeling, 
was Nancy_, who married Bobert Poage, and by him \\est Virginia. To this pair seven childreu were 
had four childreu, to wit : 1, Bebecca ; 2, Isaac K. ; boru. 

3, Gabriel; aud 1, Elijah. (a) The first child of Andrew, Jr., aud Mary 

(f ) The sixth child of Isaac and Bebecca was Mitchell McCulloch was named Jane^ who became 
.Mautua, who married Alexander Mitchell, by the wife of Ifev. James Hoge of Columbus, Ohio, to 
whom she had six children, in the naming of which 
the reputation of this family for adhering to scrip- 
tural appellatives \\as very well maintained, as fol- 
lows: 1, Xancy; 2, Samuel; 3, Isaac; 4, Jane; 5, 
Elizabeth; aud G, ZachariaJi. 

(g) The seveuth child of Isaac and Eebecca was 

whom she bore seven childreu, to wit: 

1, Eliza- 

beth, who married the Bev. Bobert Nail, of Tus- 

kegee, Alabama, aud left seven childreu, among 

whom were the well-known Presbyterian ministers, 

Bev. Dr. James Xall, and the Bev. Dr. Bobert Nail; 

2, Mary M., who married Bobert Neil, of Colum- 

Bebecca^ who married John Mays and lived at bus, Ohio, aud left seven childreu; 3, Susauua P., 

\V'est Alexander, Pa. who married the Bev. M. A. Sackett, of Cleveland, 

(h) The eighth child uf Isaac aud Eebecca was Ohio, aud left three childreu; 4, Bev. Moses A. 

Simeon. Hoge, who married, first, Mary B. Miller, and later 

(j) The ninth and last child of Isaac and Be- Elizabeth Wills, and left two childreu; 5, John 

becca was Nargissa, who married Jonathan Mc- J. Hoge, who married, first, Ann L. Wilson, and, 

CuUoch. later, Mary Calhoun, leaving four childreu; G, Mar- 

IV.— EOBEBT '\\'()()])S was the fourth child of garet J. Hoge, who married J. William Baldwin; 

Andrew and Martha, whose home was iu Ohio aud 7, 3Iartha A. Hoge, who nuirried Alfred 

County, West Virginia. He married, first, a Miss Thomas, and left four cluldreu. 

Lovely Caldwell; and, next, a Miss Elizabeth Eoff. (b) The second cliild of Andrew Woods, Jr., and 

He had three cliildren. Mary M. McCulloch was named Andrew^ who mar- 



ried Miss Rebecca Brison and by her had eight 
children; 1, James Brison Woods, who is a promi- 
nent business man in New Orleans, La., a sketch of 
whose family will be found in I'art ill of this 
work; 2, Oliver B. Woods, who married Ann M. 
Anderson ; 3, Luther T. Woods, who married, first, 
Mary E. Niel, and later, Mary Hopkins; 4, Jolin 
Woods, who married Marilla Hale; 5, Archibald 
\^'oods, who married Mary Matthews; 0, Alfred 
Woods, who married Jane Railey ; 7, Rev. Henry 
\Voods, who married Mary Ewing; and 8, Rev. 
Francis M. Woods, D. D., now a prominent min- 
ister of the Presbyterian Church, and in charge of 
a church at Martinsburg, West \'irginia. Rev. Dr. 
F. M. Woods married Julia Junkin, by whom he 
has the following children, to wit: Rev. David J. 
Woods, now of Blacksburg, Virginia; Mitchell 
Woods; Andrew H. Moods; Janet Woods; Mary 
Woods; and Rebecca Woods. 

(c) The third child of Andrew ^^■oods, Jr., and 
his wife Mary M. McCulloch, was named Samuel, 
who resides at Woodbridge, California. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Leliler, by whom he had eight chil- 
dren, as follows: 1, Andrew, who married Jane 
E. Lellier, and had seven children; 2, Mary Jane, 
who married William L. Manly; 3, Margaret 
T., who married J. Henderson, of Stockton, 
California, and had three children; i, Jacob, who 
married Elizabeth V. Ward, and has one son, Ed- 
win; 5, Hugh M. ; G, Rebecca; 7, Samuel, who mar- 
ried Arlona Ellis, and had four children; and 7, 
Susan E., who married Lafayette Creech, and left 
seven children. 

(d) The fourth child of Andrew Woods, Jr., and 
Mary M. McCulloch was Robert M., who married 
Rebecca Vause, and lived at Urbana, Oliio. By her 
he had six children, to wit : 1, Rachel ; 2, Alfred 
A. ; 3, Mary M., who married J. W. Ogdeu, and left 
one daughter, Anne W.; i, William N., who mar- 
ried Ann McPherson, and left two daughters; 5, 
Jane H. who married Griffith Ellis, and left six 
children ; and 6, Robert T. 

(e) The fifth child of Andrew J. and Mary 
Mitchell (McCulloch) Woods was named Maega- 

KET_, who married Miiiliii L. TochI, and lived at 
Bellaire, Oliio. Siic h'fl a daughter, Jaue. 

(f j The sixth child of Andrew, Jr., and Mary 
Mitchell (McCulloch) Woods was named Mauy 
Ann^ who married Archibald Todd. 

(g) The seventh and last child of Andrew 
\^'oods, Jr., and iiis wife Mary Mitchell (McCul- 
loch) was named Alfueu^ who married Elizabeth 
Sims and lived at Bellaire, Ohio. He left twelve 
children, as follows: 1, Margaret T., who married 
Joseph S. Mellor, and left six ciiildren; 2, Louisa, 
who married S. Colin Baker, of St. Louis, Mo., 
and had hy him ten children; 3, Isabel; 4, T. Sims, 
who married Mary Pancoast, and left three chil- 
dren; 5, Robert; G, William A., who married Em 
ma Zinn, and left two children; 7, Launcelot, who 
married Charlotte Teagarteu; S, Elizabeth, who 
married John W. Carrall; 9, Mary Ann, who mar- 
ried Henry Basel, of St. Louis, and by him had ten 
children; 10, Martha N., who married Richai'd 
Ritey, and had four children; 11, Alfred, who nmr- 
ried Esther Vogel, and left two children; and 12, 
Edgai', who married Louisa James, and resided in 
St. Louis. 

VI.— ARCHIBALD WOODS was the fifth child 
of Andrew Woods and Martha Poage. He was born 
November 14, 17G4, and died October 26, 1846. His 
home was in Ohio County, West Virginia. His 
wife was Ann Poage, by whom he had a dozen chil- 

(a) Elizabeth Woods was the first child of 
Archibald and xiun. She married George Paull of 
St. Clairsville, Ohio, by whom she had three chil- 
dren, as follows: 1, Rev. Alfred Paull, who mar- 
ried Mary Weed, by whom he had six children. 

(b) The second child of Archibald and Ann was 
Thomas^ who married Mary Prison, and lived in 
Wheeling, West Virginia. Thomas and Mary had 
six children, to wit : 1, Ann Eliza, who married 
James S. Polhemus; 2, Sarah M. ; 3, Theodore; 4, 
Archibald; 5, Rev. Edgar AVoods, of Charlottes- 
ville, Va., the aulJKPi- of the pamphlet from which 
the present writer lias derived nearly all of the in- 
formation he possesses comcrning the Andrew 



>V()0(l!s Ilia mil uf the \\'oods clau. A Ksketcli of Dr. VII. — MAllY WOODiS was the seveuth child of 

Ediiai- Woods will he fduiid iu Tart Hi of this vol- Audrcnv ^Voods aud his wife Martha Poage. Hhe 

uiiie. Thomas aud Mary also had, (i, a daughter was boru February It), 17GG, aud died May 25 1830. 

uamed I^ydia. Iu the list as giveu by i)r. Woods, .She married James Poage, aud lived at Eipley, 

himself, 7, a Johu ileury McKee is also set down 
as cue of the children of Thomas Woods, and it 
appears that he married a Miss Tabk'r, by whom 
he had two children. Possibly he was an adopted 
sou. Dr. Edgar Woods (the fifth child) married 
Miss ftlaria C. Baker, and has by lier seven chil- 
dren, of whom further notice Avill be made in Dr. 
Woods's sketch iu Part III. 

(c) Mautiia Woods was the third child of Ar- 
chibald and Ann, who mai-ried Charles D. Knox, 
of Wheeling, W. Va., and by whom she had the fol- 
lowing children, to wit: 1, Franklin W. Knox, 

Ohio. Who had by him thirteeu children. 

(a) Martha Poage was the first child of James 
Poage and Mary Woods, and married a geutlemau 
of her own name — Mr. George Poage. 

(b) Juax C. Poage was the second child of 
James and Mary. 

(c) Pev. AiNDKEw ^V. I'oage was the third child 
(d' James aud Mary, aud lived at Yellow Hpriugs, 
Uhio. He married Jane Gay, by whom he had six 
ciiildren, as follows : 1, Nancy M. Poage, who mar- 
ried Thomas 11. Peynolds; 1', James Poage; 3, John 
G. I'oage, who married iSarali J. Jones; i, Andrew 

who married Ruth Stewart; 2, Stewart Knox; and I'oage, who lived at Pomona, California, and mar- 

3, Robert Knox. I'ed Mary B. Kline, by whom he had three chil- 

(d) Franklin Woods was the fourth child of dreu ; 5, Mary Jane Poage; and G, Margaretta E. 

Archibald and Ann. 

(e) Nancy Woods was the fifth child of Archi- 
liald and Ann. 

(f) Mary AVoods was the sixth child of Archi- 
bald and Ann. 

(g) George W". Woods was the seventh child of 
Archibald and Ann, and married Mary Cresap 

(h) William Woods was the eighth child of 
Archibald and Ann. lie proliably died when a 
babe, as another child in this family receiveil this 

(j) John Woods was the ninth child of Archi- 
bald and Auu, aud married Iluth Jacob, by whom 
he had six children, as follows: 1, Archibald; 2, 
Joseph J. ; 3, George W. ; 4, Hamilton; 5, Anne M. ; 
aud G, Martha V. 

Ik) E.MiLY ^VoODS was the tenth child of Arch- 
ibald and Ann. 

(1) Wn.LLVM Woods — the second «[ this name 
in this family — was the eleventh child of Archibald 
and Ann. 

(m) Hamilton Woods was the twelfth and last 
child of Archibald W'oods and his wife Ann Poage. 


(d) Mary Poage was the fourth child of James 
and Mary. 

(e) James Poage (Jr.) was the fifth child of 
James and Alary. 

(f) PouERT Poage was the sixth child of James 
aud Mary, and lived at Kipley, Ohio. He married 
Sarah Kirker, by whom he had nine children, as 
follows: 1, Pev. James S. Poage, who married 
Ann Voris, aud after her death, Susan L. Evans, 
leaving eight children; 2, Thomas K. Poage, who 
married Sarah J. Henry, and, after her death, Jane 
Brickell, and left ten children; 3, John N. Poage, 
who married Eliza Ann JlcJIillan, by whom he had 
one child, Alice E.; 4, Sarah E. ; 5, Alfred B., who 
married Esther A. Work, I>y whom he had four 
children; G, William C; 7, Joseph C. ; 8, Mary 
Jane; and 9, Ann E., who married, first, William 
W". Wafer, by whom she had three children, and, 
later, Andrew Hunter, by whom she had nine chil- 

(g) Elizabeth Poage was the seventh child of 
James aud Mary, who lived at Ripley, Ohio. She 
married the Rev. Isaac Shephend, and left a son, 1, 
James Hoge Shephend. 


(li) Ann I'OAGE was the eiglith child ol' James 
aud Mary. She lived at llipley, Olilo. She mar- 
ried Alexander Mooney, aud had by him six chil- 
dren, as follows: 1, John; '2, .James; ',i, Eli/,aheth; 

4, Sophia; 5, Thomas; and 6, Sarah Ann. 

(j) Rebecca Poage was the ninth child of 
James and ilary. She married .Tohn T>. Knaw, and 
lived at Yellow Springs, Ohio. 

(k) Margaret Poage was the tenth child of 
James and Mary. She married the Rev. Thomas 

5. Williamson, and lived at St. Peter, :Minnesota. 
She had ten children, as follows: 1, William B. 
Williamson ; 2, Mary P. ; 3, James G. ; 4, Elizabeth 
P., wlio married Andrew ITnnter and had by him a 
daughter, Elkabcth, and a son John K. Elizabeth 
Hunter married the Rev. E. J. Lindsay; 5, Rev. 
John P. Williamson, who married Sarah A. Yau- 
nice, and had by her eight children; fi. Professor 
Andrew W. Williamson, of Rock Island, Illinois, 
who is oue of the original promoters of this publi- 
cation, a sketch of whom will be found in Part III 
of this work; 7, Nancy J.; 8, Smith B. ; 0, Martha, 
who married William Stout, of Great Falls, Mon- 
tana, and had by him two sons, Thnmnft and Alfred 
J.; and 10, Henry M., who married Helen M. Ely, 
by whom he had two sons, Sumner and William. 

(1) Sarah Poage was the eleventh child of 
James and ilaiy. She married the Rev. Gideon 
Pond, and by him she had seven children, as fol- 
lows : 1, Ruth ; 2, Edward ; 3, Sarah ; 4, George; 5, 
Mary; 6, Elizabeth, and 7, Ellen. 

(m) Thomas H. Poage was the twelfth child of 
James and INIary. 

(n) Rev. George C. Poage was the thirteenth 
and last child of James and Mary. He married 
Jane Riggs, by whom he had five children, to wit: 
1, James; 2, Stephen Woods; 3, Mavy Ann; 4, 
George; and 5, Arabella. 

VIII.— MARTHA WOODS was the eighth and 
last child of Andrew Woods and Martha Poage. She 
died December 14, 1834. Her home was in Bote- 
tourt Gounty, Virginia. She married Henry Wal- 
ker, and by him had nine children. 

(a) Andrew W. Walker was the first child of 

Henry Walker and Martha Woods. Andrew's 
home was at Pott's Greeiv, N'irginia. He married 
Elizabeth Handly, and liy licr had a family of four- 
teen cliiidrcn, to w il ; 1, Henry, who married .Miiria 
Shawvei', and liad by licr ten cliildren; 2, John, 
who married Miss Nulten; 3, Archibald; 4, Mar- 
gaiet, who married Tliomas Harvey aud had liy 
Jiim three cliildren; .I, .Martha, wlio married Joseph 
Harvey, and by him had five children; 6, Emily, 
wlio married Israel .Morris, and tiy liim liad six 
cliihlren; 7, ]Mai'y, wlio mari-ied (ieorgc l>oiider- 
milk, and had by liiiii eiglit children; 8, Elizabeth, 
who married .Vndrcw Elmore, and by him had sev- 
en children; fl, Jane, who married John Feri'ier; 
10, Malviua, who married James Richardson; 11, 
Andrew; 12, Floyd ; 13, Newton, who married Julia 
Rapp, and l>y her liad four children — Euphemia, 
Beirne, Man-is, uml Sdiinicl : and 14, Cynthia. 

(b) Willia:\i Walker was the second child of 
Henry and Martha. His home was in Warren 
County, Kentucky. He was twice married. His 
first wife was Eleanor IMoore, and his second was 
Sarah Lapsley. He left six children, as follows: 
1, Robert; 2, Henry; 3, ^lartlia ; 4, John L. ; 5, 
Catharine; and 6, Adeline, who mari-ied W. J. Lan- 

(c ) Robert Walki'r was the third child of Henry 
and ^[artha. His home was at Gap ^lills. West 
Virginia. He married Jane Allen, by whom he had 
five children, as follows: 1, Ann Eliza; 2, Henry, 
who married Agnes .Tohnson; 3, Robert, who mar- 
ried a jMiss Robertson ; 4, Martha, who married 
Jackson Clark; and 5, Lydia. 

(d) J.\mes Walker was the fourth child of 
Henry and ^Martha, lie livid iu .McDoiioiigh 
County, Illinois. He iiianied ISfargaret Bailey, by 
wliom h(> had four cliildren, to wit : 1, William S. 
B.; who married Elizabeth Head; 2, Martha 
Woods, who mariied James M. Wilson; 3, Henry 
^r., who married Isabel Head: and 4, .Tames W., 
who married Julia Head. 

I el TI1':nrv "Wai,ki;i! was ilie liCili rliiM of Henry 
and ^Fartlia. His lionic was in .Mcner romity. 
West Viriiinia. He married Mary Snidow, bv 



whom he had nine chihlren, as follows: 1, Mar- Woodsos tros.sed the Atlantic that year. Concern- 

tha, who married George Snidow, and by him had ing her early life we know scarcely anything what- 

five children; 2, William H.; 3, Christian; 4, Mary; ever. We met her name first in 1761, when her 

5, James; 6, Eliza; 7, Lewis, wlio married Jane father mentions her by name in his will as "my 

Carr, and by her had three children; 8, Sarah; and danghter Sarah," and loaves her a small sum of 

9, Elvira. money. She must have been married long prior to 

(f) Aechibald Walker was the sixth child of 1761, and yet her father does not refer in any way 
Henry and ilartha. to that fact. And in the papers of Col. John 

(g) Joseph Walker was the seveutli chilil nf Woods, executor of the estate of his and Sarah's 
Henry and Martha. His home was in Braxton father, we find no receipts to show that Sarah or 
County, West Virginia. He married Maria Gray, any of her children ever got the money devised to 
and by her he had four children, as follows: 1, them by Michael's will. In fact, the same is ])artly 
Lucretia; 2, Martha ; 3, Robert; and 4, Henry. true as to her brother Archibald — some of his chil- 

(h) George Walker was the eighth child of dren drew their legacies, but lie himself did not, so 

Henry and ^Martha, llis home was in Giles Conn- far as the receipts now in the writer's possession 

ty, Virginia. He married Susan Eakin, and by her show. It is likely, however, that the executors of 

had seven children, as follows: 1, Edwin; 2, Lean- Michael's estate kept another receipt book, beside 

der; 3, John A.; and 4, Avaninta, who married Cy- the one now extant, wliicli has long since been lost, 

rus Reynolds, and had three children. That Sarah Woods did marry a jMr. Joseph Laps- 

(j) 'SlxiXY Walker was the ninth and last child ley is absolutely certain, but the date of their mar- 

of Henry and Martha. She married Tilghman riage is unknown. We find her husband buying a 

Snodgrass, by whom she had ten children, as fol- farm from Benjamin Borden July 6, 1742, near 

lows: 1, Robert L. ; 2, Henry W. ; 3, Newton; 4, ^^']lere Lexing-ton, Virginia, now stands, and we are 

James Woods; 5, Cyrus; 6, Cliarlcs E. ; 7, T. Thorn- compelled to assume that he was then at least twen- 

as; 8, Lewis A.; 9, Jane; and 10, ]Mary M. ty-one years of age. Sarah was then al»out eight- 

This brings us to the end of the lists of so many een. Tlie probability is tlinl Joseph and Sarah 

of the families of children descended from Andrew were then but recently married, and were about 

Woods and Martha l*oage as it Avas deemed advis- setting up housekeeping for the first time. That 

able to give in this volume. The more recent de- was only about six months prior to the Indian raid 

scendants are given pretty fully by Dr. Edgar into the Valley which resulted in the cruel death 

Woods in tlie paiiqiinct several times mentioned, of .John McDowell, who was tlie husband of Mag- 

and to that publication tlmsc who desire further dalen (Woods) McDovvell, Sai'ah's own sister. We 

details are referred. In studying fliese tables the do not know the date of Sarah's death, but we 

writer has been impressed with the unusually large know that she was alive in 1791 when her son 

nundier of ministers of the Gospel to be found Joseph made his will, for he gives to her a life in- 

among the descendants of Andrew Woods of Bote- terest in his whole estate in remainder to his broth- 

tourt. None of his brothers or sisters can make ers and sisters. Her husband had been dead sev- 

such a creditalili' showing. Andrew's branch niiglit eral years, as seems certain. According to our 

well be called the "Preacher's Branch." guess as to the date of her liii'tji (1724) she was 

L. — SARAH WOODS was, as we incline to be- about sixty-seven in 1791. H(>r son .Tohn, who was 
lieve, the eleventh and last ciiild of ^lichael of Blair born, as we know, in 1753, and wlio was probably 
Park and 'Mavx Campbell, and may have been born ten or more years younger than his brother Joseph, 
in Ireland aboni the year 1724. In that case she sold his farm and moved from Virginia to Ken- 
was probaldy a babe in her niotlier's arms when the tucky, about 1793-1795, and it is more than likely 



that Sarah (his mother) had died before he moved 
West. A woman of about seventy years would 
hardly venture on such a journey as was neces- 
sarily involved in that undertaliing in that early 
day, and her son would hardly have left her behind. 
A ride of four luindred miles through a wilderness 
with its attendant liardships and dangers was 
something to test the strength of even the hardiest 
frame. We therefore conclude that Sarali, the wife 
of Joseph Lapsley, never saw Kentucky, but died 
somewhere about tlie years 1792-1794 in Rock- 
bridge County, Virginia, and her dust no doubt re- 
poses in one of the old churchyards near Lexing- 
ton, or perliaps in the private burial-plot of the old 
homestead which her husband purchased of Ben 
Borden in 1742, wlien tliat region wns a virgin 
wilderness. There is good reason for thinl^ing that 
her son Joseph also died about tlie same time she 

The late Judge James Woods Lapsley, of Annis- 
ton, Alabama, who was a distinguished great-grand- 
son of Joseph, stated tliat Joseph came from tlie 
North of Ireland to Virginia by way of Pennsyl- 
vania, reaching Virginia about 17.34. That is tlie 
year in which the Woodses and Wallaces came to 
Virginia from Pennsylvania, and the Lapsleys may 
have been of the same party. At that date (1734) 
Joseph was probably not much over fourteen years 
of age. Of his parents we know nothing, except 
that it is said he was of Huguenot extraction. 
When, in 1742, he bought a farm of three liundred 
and thirty-eight acres (as the Rockbridge County 
records show) from Ren Borden, the Valley was 
but a splendid wilderness, and tlie Indians were 
constantly passing to and fro along their regular 
war-path, and now and then committing bloody 
depredations on the scattered inhabitants of the 
Valley. Their war-path, as has been several times 
before mentioned in tliis volume, led up the Valley 
from the Potomac to about wliere Staunton now is, 
then turned easterly to the Blue Ridge, crossed the 
Ridge at Woods's Gap. and led on down to Carolina, 
etc. Even wlien tlie savages were nominally at 
peace with the whites they were frequently coining 

and going, and their presence must have been a 
cause of uneasiness, no matter what their mission 
professedly was. In 1752, ten years after his first 
purchase, Joseph Lapsley bought another tract of 
four hundred acres, this time from Sarah's nephew, 
James McDowell, her sister jMagdalen's son. The 
Lap.sleys were no doubt prominent people in Rock- 
bridge from the earliest days— good, reliable, 
Scotch-Irish folk, wlio in any time or place make 
sturdy citizens and good neiglibors. There is a lit- 
tle creek near Lexington now wliich, for genera- 
tions, has been called "Sarah Lapsley's Run." The 
late Major J. A. R. Varner, of Lexington, a de- 
scendant of Sarah's sister Martha who married 
Peter Wallace, Jr., writing to Judge J. W. Lapsley 
a few years ago, says: "When I was five or six 
summers old, there was an apple tree standing on 
the edge of the lane leading to the spring on the 
farm bought ])y my grandfather (Andrew Wallace) 
from his uncle (hy marriage) Joseph Lap.sley. It 
was called 'Aunt Sarah Lapsley's tree.' Its fruit 
was large, red and sweet; and it is now represent- 
ed by a lusty descendant near tlie same spot where 
stood the kuarled old tree of my childliood. And 
in the yard, near tlie lombardy ])oplar, was a large 
white rose, known as the 'Lapsley rose.' " 

Jo.seph Lapsley's home was visited in June, 1755, 
by the Rev. Hugh McAden, one of the pioneer Pres- 
byterian missionaries of Virginia and North Caro- 
lina, ilr. :\lcAden kept a diary, which is quoted 
from Foote's sketches of North Carolina by Wad- 
dell in his Annals of Augusta County (page 66). 
Mr. McAden started up the Valley from the Poto- 
mac June 19, passing the sites of Winchester and 
Staunton. On Sunday, the 29th, he preached at 
the North Mountain, and at the same place on the 
next Sabbatli. On Friday, July 11, Mr. ilcAden 
preached at Timber Ridge Church for the pastor. 
Rev. John Brown. The next day, Saturday, July 
12, he reached the home of a ]\Ir. Bowyer (who, the 
writer suspects, was the gentleman who became, 
and possibly then was, the third husband of Sarah 
Lapsley's sister, Magdalen Woods). Here Mr. Mc- 
Aden spent a day or two; and lie speaks, in his 


diary, of Mr. Bowyer as "a very kind and discreet Aoadi'iiiy was its first name, and it was begun in 
gentleman wlio used me exceedingly kindly, and 174!), near Lexington. In 1782 it was chartered as 
accompanied me to the Forks, twelve miles, Avhere Liberty Hall Academy; and in 1790, AVashingtou 
I preached the second Saltbntli of July, to a con- gave it its tirst endowment. From that time on it 
siderabh' large congrcgalitni. i;(i(l(' lidme with was Washington Academy, till 1813, v\iien it be- 
Joseph Lapsley, two miles from meeting, where I came Washington College; and in recent years 
tarried till Wednesday morning (Ifith). Here it (since 1870) it has been called Washington and 
was I received the most melancholy news of the en- Lee University. Those earliest Presbyterian 
tire defeat of onr army by the French at Ohio, the preachers lielieved in classical and Thristian edn- 
geueral killed, numbers of inferior (ifflcers, and the cation, and tlic schoolhousc was a niTcssaiy ad- 
whole artillery taken. This, together with the fre- juuct nf ihc churcli. Hence, we doubt not that 
quent accounts of fresh murders being daily com- .T(ise])h Lapsley and his neighbors sent their boys 
mitted u]>(ni the frdiiliers, sd'uck terror to every and girls to good schools where they studied the 
heart. A cold shuddering i>ossessed every breast, linmauities along Avitli the Westminster HlKirlei- 
and paleness covered almost every face. In short. Catechism and the Bible — a plan which not a few 
the whole inhabitants were put into an universal sensible Christian peo^jle in this day and genera- 
coufusion. Scarcely any man durst sleep in his tion consider most wise and desirable, 
own house, but all met in companies with their Joseph Lapsley's will was made November 29, 
wives and children, and set about building little 1787, but the writer does not own a copy of it, and 
fortifications to defend themselves from such bar- does not know just when it was entered in court for 
barians and inhuman enemies, whom they conclud- probate. Whilst we are unable to state the exact 
ed would be let loose upon them at pleasure. I year of his death, it must certainly have occurred 
was so shocked upon my first reading Colonel prior to 1791, when his son, Joseph Lapsley, Jr., 
Innes's letter that I knew not well what to do." made his will, wherein he provides for his mother 
This, of course, was Braddock's defeat, which oc- exactly as if she were then a widow. When weat- 
cun-ed .Tulv 9tli, and ilie news (if whieli spread all tempt to give the nundier and names of all the cliil- 
over the colony in less than two weeks. This brief dren of Joseph and Sarah we encounter difficulty, 
narrative by a reliable eye-witness gives us a very In his will (1787) Joseph mentions only two chil- 
vivid picture of the hardships and perils to which dren, to wit: Joseph, Jr., and John; but it is cer- 
the Woodses, Lapsleys, Wallaces, ^McDowells, etc.. tain he had at least a third son and several dangh- 
were ex^iosed in those far-off days, in what Avas ters. Tiiis we learn from various sources. In the 
then called the "Backwoods of Virginia." Yet we fii'st ]ilace, Jose]>h Lapsley, Jr., when 1ie made liis 
should do injustice to our killi and kin of that will, in 1791 — f<nir vears after his father made his 
pevi<id by inferring tiiat they Imd no schools or — expressly referred to his "brothers and sisters." 
churches of culture. Those Presbyterians had Secondly, the late BLajor Varner, (already often 
gone to school in the old country, and they brought quoted) in a letter addressed to the present writer 
educated ministers with them to the new settle- in August, 1893, stated that when Joseph Lapsley, 
ments, and began founding churches and schools Sr.. made his will in 1787, he had at least one son 
without delay. We must remiunber that what Ave and seA'eral danabters whom he did not refer to 
noAv know as Wasliintitou and Lee FniA'crsity had in that document. His father-in-laAV, Michael 
its beginning almost in sight of the homes of the Woods of Blair Park, had done the same S(U't of 
Lapsleys, Wallaces, Woodses and ^McDowells (and. thing Avhen he made his Avill in 1701. as has al- 
almost certainly, Avith theii- .'ictive assistance) six ready been fully considered in the earlier portion 
years before this visit of :\rr. ]\[cAden. Augusta of this Chapter. Then, thirdly, the court records 



of Rockbridge Coiinty, Va., as quoted by the late 
Judge Lapsley, of Anniston, Ala., show that John 
Lapsley, son of Jo.seph, Sr., and Sarah, who was 
the executor of both his deceased father and his 
deceased brother Joseph, was, in October, 1795, a 
citizen of Lincoln County, Ky., and that, as such, 
he sold the old Lapsley homestead in Rockbridge. 
In this conveyance he states that he acts not only 
for himself and his wife Mary, but for four other 
couples, to wit : James Lapsley and Mary, his 
wife; James Cloyd, and Jean Cloyd, his wife; John 
Hall, and Mary Hall, his wife ; and John Templin, 
and Martha Templin, Ms wife. That James Laps- 
ley and the wives of Cloyd, Hall and Templin — 
Jean, Mary and IMartha — were children of Joseph 
Lapsley, Sr., and Sarah, scarcely admits of a doubt. 
As for that third son, whom Joseph Lapsley, Jr., 
had in mind when he made his will in 1791 we can 
hardly doubt he was this James Lapsley whose 
wife was named :\Iary. and who was in Lincoln 
County, Ky., in 1795. These facts and considera- 
tions, therefore, seem clearly to warrant us in say- 
ing that Joseph and Sarah had at least three sons 
and three daughters living in 1787, though our in- 
formation in regard to the majority of them is ex- 
tremely scanty. 

Children of Joseph and Sarah Lapsley. 

(Purely Tentative Exhibit as to Dates and Seniority.) 

I._jOSEPH LAPSLEY, JR. Born 1713 (?). 
Died 1792 (?). 
II.— JEAN LAPSLEY. Born 1748 (?). Died 

III._MARY LAPSLEY. Born 1750 (?). Died 

IY._.TOHN LAPSLEY. Boux 17.5.",. 


y._i\rARTHA LAPSLEY. Born 17.50 (?). Died 

VI.— JA:\[ES LAPSLEY. BoRxl7nO(?). Died 

I._.TOSEPn LAPSLEY, JUNIOR, was one of 
the children of Joseph and Sarah, and was probably 
born at the Lapsley homestead near Lexington, Va. 
We have guessed that he was born about the year 
1743, the year after his parents are supposed to 
have married; but we have only slender support 

for this precise date, and it is only our opinion 
that he was the first child of tliis family. Onr sur- 
mises, however, are believed to be not entirely 

The first certain information we Jiave in regard 
to Joseph, Jr., is found in the mention of him wliich 
his father makes in his w ill November 29, 17<S7. 
Therein he is named as one of Jiis father's three 
executors, his mother and his l)i-other John being 
the other two. In less than Umv years after his 
father's will was made we find Joseph, Jr., making 
his own — December 23, 1791. He was probably a 
bachelor. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary 
Army, when and where we know not. He left his 
whole estate to his mother, in remainder to his 
brothers and sisters, l-^irther than this we know 
nothing of his career, but we believe he died prior 
to 1795, and possibly soon after making Jiis will. 

II.— JEAN LAPSLEY was, as we believe, a 
jlaughter of Joseph and Sarah, who married a 
James Cloyd, moved to Lincoln County, Kentucky, 
prior to October, 1795, and for whom her brother 
John, as executor of her father and of her brother 
Joseph, conveyed liy deed her interest in her fath- 
er's lands in Virginia, October 17, 1795. We know 
nothing further of her career, but the records of 
Lincoln County, Kentucky, may contain some in- 
formation concerning her husband and her chil- 
dren, if she had any. 

III.— MARY LAPSLEY was, as we believe, an- 
other one of the children of Josejdi and Sarah. She 
married a John Hall, moved to Liiicoln County, 
Kentucky, i)rior to October 17, 1795, at which date 
her brother John, who was then living in Lincoln 
County, Kentucky, conveyed for her and hei" sis- 
ters, as the executor of their father, and their 
brother Joseph, the lands of .Tose])li Lapsley. Sr., 
to one Zachariah .Tohiison, in Virginia. Beyond 
this one fact we know nothing of her. 

IV.— JOHN LAPSLEY was a son of Joseph and 
Sarah, and was born December 29, 1753. He was 
about twenty-two when the Revolution began, and 
enlisted in the command known as "^[organ's 
Mounted Men." He was in tlie Battle of Brandy- 



wine September 11, 1777, wliero lie was wounded Col. Yantis commanded a regiment in the War of 
while carrying order.s across the battle-field. These 1812, and for many years he represented Garrard 
facts are on record in the Government Archives at County in the Kentucky Legislature. His father 
Washington City. December 22, 1778, he married was Jacob Yantis (or Yandes). He lived on his 
a ]Miss Mai'y Armstrong. In 1795, or possibly one plantation near Lancaster, Kentucky, until 1832, 
or two years earlier, he migrated to Kentucky when he moved to Lafayette County, Missouri. 
(Lincoln County). He was the executor of both Tliere he ran for Congress, in 1834, on the Whig 
his father and his brother .Tose])h ; and, as such, on ticket, but failed of election, and died in that coun- 
the seventeenth of October, 1795, he conveyed, for ty in 1837. The only one of the children of Col. 
himself and others, four hundred and sixty acres of John Yantis and Priscilla Catherine Lapsley of 
land to one Zachariah Johnson, three hundred acres whom the writer has any information was their eld- 
having been previously conveyed to Andrew Wal- est son, the Rev. John Lapsley Yantis, D. D., who 
lace. lie had a large family, as folbiws: married Eliza Ann Montgomery, by whom he had a 
(a) Joseph B. Lafsley was the first child of large family of children. Of him and his children 

John and Mary, and was born October 5, 1770. He 
attended Washington College (Lexington, Vir- 
ginia) and graduated from that institution in 1800, 
and entered the ministry of the Presbyterian 
Church. He preached in Kentucky and Tennessee. 
He was twice married. His first wife was Rebecca 

a somewhat extended account will be found in the 
sketch of J. Yantis Lapsley in Part III of this vol- 

(c) John A. L.vrsLEY. who was born September 
5, 1783, in Rockbridge County, Virginia, was the 
third child of John and Mary, and no doubt accom- 

Aylett, whom he married September 27, 1801. His panied the family in their migration to Kentucky 
second wife was his cousin, Sallie Lapsley. He had in 1795 (some say it was two years earlier). He 
five children in all. married Mary (Polly) Wear McKee (born Novem- 
By his first wife (Rebecca) Joseph P.. Lapsley ber 20, 1783) the tenth day of August, 1805. Mary 
had the following children : 1. John W., who was (or "Polly," as she was often called) was the 
a lawyer in Selma, Alabama, and died in 1889; 2, daughter of a William IMcKee, who was a commis- 
William Fairfax, who lived in Alabama, and died sioned officer (some say a Captain, others say a 
there, without issue; 3, Joseph M., who died in Sel- Colonel) in the Revolutionary Army. The said 
ma, Alabama, and left two children: George H., McKee came to America from Ireland in 1725, 
and Emma Baler, who live in Kansas City, Mis- when a babe of one year, moved to Virginia in 
souri. 1745, and to Kentucky in 1793. He died in Ken- 
By his second wife (Sallie) he had the following tucky October 8, ISIG, at the advanced age of nine- 
children : 4, Margaret, who married a Taylor ; and ty-two. His wife was a Miss Miriam Wear. Ac- 

5, Samuel, who married INIary Bronough, who sur- 
vived him, and who now lives in Pleasant Hill, 

cording to the late Judge Lapsley of Anniston, 
Alabama, John A. and Jlary Wear Lapsley had 
eleven children, to wit: 1, Mary Jane; 2, Miriam, 

(b) Priscill.\ Catharine Lapsley, who wa.s who married Warner Wallace; 3, Amanda, who 
born June 23, 1781, was the second child of John married Robert A. McKee, and whose granddaugh- 

and jMary. She was no doubt born in Rockbridge 
County, Virginia, and went with her parents 
through the wilderness to Central Kentucky about 
1793-1795. She married Col. John Yantis. of Gar- 
rard County, Kentucky, a Revolutionary soldier of 
German birth. The name originally was Yandes. 

ter (Mrs. John M. Wood, of St. Louis) has a 
sketch in Part III of this work; 4, Priscilla, who 
married Robert Robertson ; 5, Joseph ; 6, Wil- 
liam ]\I., who married a ]\Iiss Baron, of Perry 
County, Alabama, and left one child, Marj/; 7, 
John ; 8, Samuel ; 9, Robert, who migrated to Aus- 



tralia; 10, James; and 11, David Nelson, who was 
born April 16, 1830, and married IMargaret Jane 
Jenkins, and who was the father of Dr. Robert Mc- 
Kee Lapsley of Keokuk, loAva, a sketch of whom 
will be found in Part III of this volume. 

(d) James F. Lapsley^ the fourth child of John 
and Mary, was born in Virginia January 7, 1786. 
He married Charlotte Cleland, by whom he had 
four children, to wit : 1, Eliza, who married Lanta 
Armstrong; 2, Sarah G., who married a Mr. Rob- 
ertson ; 3, John P., who married, first, Eliza Johns- 
ton, and, later, a Mrs. Jennie ; and 4, James 

T., who married, first, Fannie Ewiug, and, later, 
Elizabeth Bosemond. 

(e) Samuel Lapslby^ the fifth child of John 
and Mary, was born September 22, 1789, and mar- 
ried Sallie Stevens. 

(f) Sarah W. Lapsley. the sixth cliiia of .John 
and Mary, was born February 1, 1791, and mar- 
ried William Walker, by whom she had the follow- 
ing children, to wit : 1, Catharine, who is unmar- 
ried; 2, Adeline, who married General W. J. Lan- 
drum, a Brigadier in the Federal Army, lived at 
Lancaster, Kentucky, and by him has a large family 
of children. 

(g) William Lapsley^ the seventh child of John 
and Mary, was born September 28, 1793. It is said 
that he married, had a family, and lived somewhere 
in Tennessee. 

(h) Mary C. Lapsley, the eighth cliikl of John 
and Mary, was born February 20, 1796. She mar- 
ried James McKee, by whom she had the following 
children, to wit : 1, Miriam, who married a Mr. 
Kelsey, and moved to Denver, Colorado; 2, Mary 
Charldtte. who married William Dodd, of Kosci- 
usko, Mississippi, and had, among other children, 
John L. and Joseph V. Dodd, who are now (1904) 
pi'ominent la^\'yers of Louisville. Kentucky; 3, 
Margaret, who married a Mr. Uenning, by whom 
she had a daughter Avho nmrried a Mr. Johnston 
of Yazoo City, Mississippi ; 4, John Lapsley, who 
married Sarah Speake, and by him had six chil- 
dren; and 5, Samuel, who married Sallie Camp- 
bell, and was in the Federal Army as Colonel of 

tlie First Kentucky Ifegiment, jnid was killed at 
-Murfreesboro, Tennessee; and 6, .lames I'inley, who 
niai-ried ^Margaret Sjieake. 

(j) KoBEUT Armstronc; Lapsley, (he ninlii cliild 
of .Tohn and Mary, was born .Taimary 1 1, 1798. lie 
married Catharine Kuliierfdid Walker. Tliis 
lady's father was John [Moore Walker, wlio mar- 
ried a Miss Margaret Woods, and jMargaret was 
the daughter of James Woods and Xancy Ray- 
burn, and said James was the son of Andrew 
Woods and Martha Poage, and said Andrew was 
a son of Michael Woods of Blair Park and Mary 
Campbell. Thus it appears that Robert A. Laps- 
ley and his wife, Catharine Rutherford Walker, 
were cousins, and their eleven children were lineal 
descendants of Michael Woods of Blair Park, 
through both his son Andrew and his daughter 
Sarah. The children of Robert A. Lapsley and 
Catharine were the following: 1, Joseph W., who 
died unmarried; 2, .John D., who died unmarried; 
3, Norvell A., who died unmarried; 4, Robert, who 
was born February 10, 1833, married, first, Albert! 
Pratt, and, second, Mary Willie Pettus, by whom 
he had Roltcrt Eaij, John Pettus, Edmund ^Y^ns- 
ton, and William Wceden; 5, James Woods, who 
was one of the original subscribers to this work, a 
sketch of whom will be found in Part III of this 
volume; 6, Margaret, who was born June 4, 1838, 
and married, first, Dr. James AV. Moore, and, latei', 
James H. Franklin; 7, Samuel Rutherford, who 
was born June 25, 1842, was in the Confederate 
Army, and received a fatal wound at the Battle of 
Shiloh, in 1862, while bearing the colors of his regi- 
ment; and 8, Samuel McKee, who was a soldier in 
the Federal xVrmy, and died in 1862. Robert A. 
Lapsley, after the death of his (first) wife, Cath- 
arine Rutherford \Valker, married Mrs. Alethea 
Allen; and, she dying, he took a third wife, Mrs. 
Mai'y Richardson, who survived him. He died in 
1872. She died some yeai"s later in New Albany, 

(k) Harvey Lapsley^ the tenth child of John 
and JIary, was born April 1, 1800, and died unmar- 



(1) Margaret Lai'SLEy^ the eleventh and last in 1791, where he speaks of his "brothers," clearly 
child of John Lapsley and Mary Armstrong, was showini; there was in the family at least one otlier 
horn Febrnary 17, 1802. t<iie married Moses Jar- son besides himself and John; and, secondly, in the 
vis, by whom she had two children, to wit: 1, Mary convej'auce of John Lapsley, executor, in 1795, in 
Jane, who married a Jlr. Sharp, and left no issue; which, along with himself and wife, and three mar- 
aud 2, John L., who married a 3Iiss Sharp, rjed women and their husbands, he joins a "James 
and left five children. Lapsley and his wife INlary." No persons except 

v.— MARTHA LAPSLEY was, as we feel confi- .liildivn of Josciih Lapsley, Senior, cniild need to 

dent, one of the six children of Joseph Lapsley and join in that conveyance which transferred the old 

Sarah Woods. She may have been born about the Lapsley homestead in Rockbridge County, Vir- 

year 175(5. Her husband — if we are correct in our giiiia, to the Zachariah Johnson mentioned. Of 

calculations — was one John Temi)lin, who was in course, it would not have been utterly impossible 

Lincoln County, Kentucky, in the fall of 1795, and for persons in no way related to Joseph Lapsley, 

was one of the heirs of Joseph Lapsley, Senior, Senior, to liave a((iini(d, by some means, such an 

inte-'est in his old home in Rockbridge as to render 
the signature of all them essential to the making of 

mentioned by John Lapsley, executor of the estates 

of Joseph Lapsley, Senior, aiid Joseph Lapsley, 

T . • . r? 1 • 1 T 1 „„^ a perfect title to tlie grantee; but this possibilitv is 

Junior, m a conveyance to one Zachariah Johnson ' '- ' i . 

so extremely remote in itself, and the circumstan- 

executed at that time. Further than this we know 
nothing concerning her. 

VI.— JAMES LAPSLEY was, as we confidently 
believe, one of the sons of Jose])li and Sarah. He 
mav have been Iiorn about \~i\(). Like his three 

tial evidence in favor of our supposition is so 
strong, that, in the total absence of all contrary 
evidence, we do not hesitate to affirm that the 
James La]isley and thi' tlirce married women who 
joined (along witli tlieir partners) in the convey- 
mairicd sisters (Mrs. Cloyd, Mrs. Hall, and Mrs. auce of Octobci', 1795, were the children of Joseph 
Templin) the only glimpses we get of him are, first, La]»sley and his wife Sarah Woods, who had nii- 
the vague allusion in the will of liis brother Joseph, grated to Keutucky a few years before. 



Such information as we have been able to obtain 
in regard to the Woodses in Great Britain will be 
found mainly in Chapter First of Part I of this 
volume. That the William Woods who settled in 
wliat is now Orange County, North Carolina, some- 
where between 1730 and 1740, and six of whose 
descendants are among tlie original promoters of 
this publication, was a son of John Woods and 
Elizabeth Worsop, and migrated from Ireland 
about 1724 along witli his sister Elizabeth Wallace 
and his brother Michael Woods, has been shcywn in 
said chapter. According to the best information 

at our conniiand this William Woods was born in 
Ireland in 1695, and was probably a married man 
twenty-nine years old, and the father of several 
children, when he migrated to the American Col- 
onies with the Woodses and Wallaces. According 
to the belief of those best qualified to judge, Wil- 
liam Wo(k1s, unlike liis sister and brotlier (Eliza- 
beth and ]\Iichael), never made Virginia his home. 
It is not at all certain that he made a lengthy stay 
in Pennsylvania, though he, as well as his sister 
and brother, proliably lingered there for a time af- 
ter their coming to the American Colonies. Ac- 



cording to the Hon. John D. Woods, of Hickory 
Valley, Tennessee (one of his descendants), he did 
not settle in Lancaster County, reuusylvania, as his 
sister and his brother Michael seem to have done; 
but made liis Ikmiic lor some years near the reuu- 
sylvania and Maryland Ijorder, not far uortli of the 
site of the preseut city of Frederick, Maryland. 
Some time after settling- there — we know not 
wheu — he moved down into the colony of jSTorth 
Carolina, and settled on the Hycotee Iviver in what 
is now Orange County, North Carolina, not fai- from 
the towu of llillsljoro. The precise date of this 
last move can not be certaiuly ascertained, but we 
kuow enough of the development of that region to 
feel warrautetl in venturing the conjecture that 
it could hardly have been earlier than the year 
1730, and may have been live to ten years later. 
In Ms sketches of North Carolina Dr. Foote states 
that Presbyterians from tlie North of Ireland did 
not begin to settle in \ irginia and North Carolina 
until after the year 1730, except in scattered fam- 
ilies, or some small neighborhoods on the Chesa- 
peake Bay.**" Dr. Foote also mentions a colony 
of Ulster Presbyterians who, in the year 1730, 
settled in what is now Dui>lin County, ^orth Caro- 
lina, about one hundred miles southeast of the 
locality in which William AVoods made his home; 
and by 1740 there wei-e scattered families of Pres- 
byterians on the Hycotee, the Eno, and the Haw 
Kiver. That >Villiam Woods was the head of one 
of these "scattered families'' is extremely probable, 
for all that we know of his career is in exact line 
with this supposition. Dr. Foote tells us, posi- 
tively, that Scotcli-Irish Presbyterians began to 
settle on the Eno and the Haw rivers about 1738-9, 
and that in that early day they were visited by a 
Eev. Mr. Kobinson, a Presbyterian minister from 
Pennsylvania. (Page 221.) In 1761, a Presbyte- 
rian church was organized by Kev. John ^^■hite 
in Orange County, called Little Kiver for the stream 
of that name near it," and William Woods was 
one of the first elders that church had. Joseph 
Allison was made an elder at the same time. This 
historic old church stands between the North and 

South Forks of Little Kiver, in Orange County, 
al)out eight miles nortlieast of Uillsboro. Mr. 
D(iak \\'oods, a worthy descendant of William 
\\'()i)(ls of Ireland, recently lived at the old 
Woods Homestead, only three miles west of 
this (lunch. The liiiilding stands on a divide near 
the head streams of Little Kiver and Eno liiver, 
wliich run southeasterly to form the Neuse Kiver; 
and also of the Hycotee, which runs in the opposite 
direction to join the Dan Kiver. For a hundred 
ami fifty years, and longer, that has been a neigh- 
borhood of sturdy Presbyterians, and the Woodses 
have ever been among its best citizens. The noted 
pioneer missionary of Carolina, the Kev. Hugh Mc- 
Adeu, who travelled from Pennsylvania to Orange 
County, North Carolina, in the summer of 1755, 
on a preaching tour, and who kept a daily journal 
of his work, spent several days at tlie home of Jo.s- 
eph Lapsley, in Kockbridge County, Virginia, 
(whose wife, Sarah, was William Woods's niece) 
in July of that year. We can well believe that 
Sarah did not fail to advertise Mr. McAden that 
her uncle William AA'oods was living down in the 
region he was soon to visit. He left the Lapsley 
place on Wednesday, July 10, 1755, going on doA\u 
towards Cai-olina; and on Tuesday, July 29th, he 
lodged with one Solomon Debow, on Ih'cotee 
Kiver, not tar from the Woods settlement. This 
man Debow was an emigrant from Pennsylvania. 
At Debow's he preached Sunday, August 3. Up 
to this date there were no doubt some plain church 
buildings in use by Presbyterians, but very few if 
any regularly organized congregations. Mr. Mc- 
Aden tells how gladly these "scattered sheep" wel- 
comed him and thanked him for his visit. At Eno 
(neiu- Little Ifiver) he preached August lOtli, "to a 
set of pretty regular Presbyterians," and there was 
evidently a chapel in which the services were held. 
We feel reasonably sure that William AVoods and 
his children wex'e of those "pretty regular Presby- 
terians" who on that occasion heard Mr. McAden 
and were made glad liy the Gospel he preached. *- 

The spot which William Woods chose for a 
home belonged to Craven County from 1729 to 



1733; to Edgecombe County from 1733 up to 1740; 
to Granville County from 174G up to the year 
1751; and to Orange County from 1751 to the pres- 
ent time. The region as pictured by one of its 
prominent citizens, the Hon. Francis Nash, of 
Hillsboru, in a valuable historical pamphlet he has 
recently issued,'' must be one of the most at- 
tractive in tlie Old North State. Of course, when 
William Woods settled there (,1730 to 1740) the 
magnificent forests were untouched by man, the 
streiuns were clear and undehled, and the soil pos- 
sessed its virgin richness. In 1729, when the Lords 
Proprietors ceased to govern the colony (or pro- 
vince) there were but three counties in North Cai-o- 
lina, and the total population of the whole was not 
over ten thousand. The growth of the colony, how- 
ever, was remarkably rapid, for by 175-' — 
the year after Orange County was organized 
— the poiJulation was nearly a half a mil- 
lion. The town of Hillsboro had only about 
twenty families in 1107, but the country around 
\\as already thickly settled. As the Indians 
were in full jjossession of the country far to 
the east of Hillsboro in 1712, and later, it is easy to 
imagine the vigor with which the whites must have 
cleai'ed the laud. In the year just mentioned the 
savages made their stand for a battle with the 
whites at a spot only eighteen miles west of New- 
born, showing that the white settlements at that 
time were confined to the sea coast. The disturu- 
ances incident to the French and Indian Wars, 
(1754-1703) whilst not so serious in the southern 
colonies as in those further north, were the occa- 
sion of constant alarm to the people of North Caro- 
lina, owing to the presence of hostile and war-like 
tribes in the western end of their territory-. Then, 
as soon as that long series of contests came to an 
end, the War of the Regulators, with iis internal 
disorders and bloodshed, was developed; and for 
some years (about 1708-71) there was a condition 
of things bordering on civil war in the vei*y region 
in which William Woods lived. The battle of Al- 
amance was fought May 16, 1771, only a few hours' 
ride from the home of William Woods, and the 

casualties, according to recent conservative ac- 
counts, numbered twenty-nine killed, and two hun- 
dred and sixty-one wounded. What side the 
Woodses were on we do not know; but in any case 
the state of affairs in that whole region in those 
days of civil commotion must have been extremely 
alarming and distressful. There were good and 
bad men on both sides; tyrannj- and oppression 
and misgovernment mainly marked the conduct of 
one party; and lawlessness, rashness and practical 
anarchy were frecpieutly illustrated by the other. 
But whichever side the Woodses took, and whatever 
the part they i^layed, it must have been a trying- 
time and place in which they had to live, with their 
families constantly liable to rude annoyances if not 
grave perils. Some of the most exciting trials inci- 
dent to the Regulation period were held in Hills- 
boro, and many of the citizens of Orange County 
were arrayed on opposite sides. 

As soon as the Regulators subsided the distant 
mutterings of a yet more general and disastrous 
storm began to be heard — the Revolution began. 
The ijeople of Orange County were not by any 
means all of out' mind in regard to the struggle of 
the colonies against the British Crown, in 1775, 
as Mr. Nash informs us (see pamphlet above re- 
ferred to) there were many Tories in Orange Coun- 
ty at the beginning of 1775, and Regulators in the 
outlying districts, and Scotch and English mer- 
chants in Hillsboro. Then there were many neu- 
trals — men w hose nunds were not yet clear, or who 
were naturally averse to war. The first Provincial 
Congress (the Third Convention) was held in 
Hillsboro in August, 1775. For six or eight years 
longer the whole poj)ulatiou lived in the midst of 
warlike scenes. William Woods was an old man 
of eighty when the Revolution began, and even his 
sons were rather too old to enlist as soldiers, the 
eldest having been born in 1720. He served Little 
River Presbyterian Church as elder from 17G1 
(the date of its organization) until his death, 
which occurred in 1785, when he had reached his 
ninetieth year. He was buried in the Little River 



Church bui'ial-.c;i'ound, and by his side sleep many 
of his descendants awaiting the last ti-uinpet-call 
which shall awake the dead. The name i.l' liis wife 
is not known. 


A— JOHN WOODS, Born ITlM) ; Died 1813 

B— WILLIAM WOODS, Born ; Died 

C— SAMUEL WOODS, Born ; Died — 

D— ELIZABETH WOODS, Born ; Died — 

E— MARY WOODS, Born ; Died — 

A— JOHN WOODS, the tirst child cf William 
Woods of North Carolina, was born in ITl'O, and, 
most probably', in Ireland. lie was, therefore, a 
boy of four years when his father nii<;rated to 
America. He was at least ten, and possibly twen- 
ty, years old when his father settled on the Hyco- 
tee River in what was afterwards Orange County, 
North Carolina. In 1750, when a man of thirty 
years, he married Miss Ann Louey Mebane. His 
wife, who was of Scotch ancestry, was born in 1730, 
and died in February, 1821. John and his wife 
were both members of the Little River Presby- 
terian Church, he being a ruling elder of that 
church from a short time after its organization (in 
1761) until his death in 1813. During the Regula- 
tor troubles (1768-1772) he resided at the very 
focus of the disturbances, but we do not know on 
which side of the controversy his sympathies lay, 
or how he and his family fared during that period 
of disorder and violence. Wheeler, in his History 
of North Carolina, mentions one "John \\'ood," 
who, being the sheriff of Orange County in 1768, 
was bitterly assailed by the Regulators in the 
Courts; but the name is spelled Avithout the final 
s, and it is likely he was an entirely different man 
from the sturdy Scotch-Irish Presbyterian elder 
who was the son of William Woods. The Regula- 
tors cordially hated nearly every ofUcial who repre- 
sented the Colonial Government and was disposed 
to be loyal to Gov. Ti-yon ; and as there were many 
men of tlie most lawless character in that faction 
(as well as many men of the opposite stamp), it 
would not have been at all strange if some of the 

godliest people in llie coniilry should have fallen 
under the displeasui'c of llie Kegnlaloi-s, in case 
tliey sided with Gov. Trvon. 

The plantation w liidi lie iMii'ciiased coiisideral)ly 
more than a centiirv and a half ago, and on which 
he spent nearly all of his long life, has remained 
in the hands of his descendanis throngli all these 
years, and one of his great-grandsons (Mr. Wil- 
liam Doak Woods) now o\\ ns it, or did, a few years 

John Woods and his wife Ann L. Mebane had 
six sons. We do not know whether they had any 
other children. 

I.— WIIiLIAM WOODS was the first child of 
John and Ann. The date of his birth is unknown 
to the anthor. His wife was Nellie Lindsey, by 
whom he had one son, named Lindsey. William 
served in the American Army in the Revolu- 
tionary War. He was a ruling elder of the Little 
River Presbyterian Church, as were his father and 
grandfather before him. Of his only son, Lindsey, 
we only kno\\- that he married Margaret A. Woods, 
daughter of his uncle Samuel Woods, and reared a 
family in Orange County, and that, like his father, 
grandfather, and great-grandfather, he was an 
elder of the Little River Church. Lindsey and 
Margaret had a son, William Doak Woods, who, 
like his ancestors for several generations before 
him, was an elder in the Little River Church and 
the owner of the old John Woods plantation on 
Little IMver. According to the unsolicited testi- 
mony of the Hon. Francis Nash, of Hillsboro, N. 
C, who was tlie co-temporary of Mr. William Doak 
Woods for many years, he was "one of the best of 
men." The author much regrets liis inability to 
furnish additional particulars in regard to this 
and other worthy members of the North Carolina 
Clan of Woodses. 

II.— JOHN AVOODS, JUNIOR, was the second 
sou of John and Ann L. All we know of him is 
that he married and settled near Kuoxville, Ten- 
nessee, leaving one son, (a) Joseph. 

III.— DAVI 1) WOODS was the third son of John 
and Ann L. He settled at Fulton, Kentucky. He 



maiTicd. and left three sons, to wit: (a) John; (b) for one or more terms. He was a popular man, 

D.wid; (c) and William. '^d^ ^y tlio outbreak of the Civil War ( 18U1| had 

IV. THOMAS \\'()(H)S, the fourth child of grown to be comparatively wealthy. The disas- 

Jolni and Ann L., was born in Orange County, ters incident to a f(nir yeai-s' war, and losses in- 
North Carolina, Novemlter IT), ITTT). About tlie y(ar curred, to the e.xtent of many thousands of dol- 
180") lie married Susannah Baldridiic daughter lars, in going security for his friends, effected the 
of James and Jane (Wiiite) Bahlridge, of Orange ruin of his estate. However, he tinally managed 
County, North Carolina, by whom lie liad eleven to so far recover himself as to diseliarge all of his 
children. About the year ISO" Thouuis and his obligations and be in comfortable circumstances 
little family moved tn M\irfreesboro, Tennessee, when he died. 

where he worked at his trade (blacksmithing) un- (c) Jank W. Woods, the third cliild of Thomas 

til 1S27, when he moved with all his household ex- and Susannah, married Handy Snell, and lived to 

cept his three eldest children (James, John and be eighty years old. Her life was spent in Kuther- 

Jane) to I'ulton Counly, Kentucky. There ford County, Tennessee. Her descendants live in 

Thomas and his wife remained during the lest of that i^art of the country now, though some of them 

their lives, he dying there Miu-ch 31, 1837, and she moved to Texas. 

dying December IS, 1849. Their bodies were (d) An.n A. C. Woods, the fourtli cliild of 

buried at I'alestine Church, near Fulton, Ken- Thomas and Susannah, married Harvey lirown in 

tucky, and their son William >M. had neat tomb- Fulton County, Kentucky, and after living there 

stones erected to mark their graves. many yeai's she moved with her husband to Izard 

(a) James 13. Woods^ the tirst child of Thomas County, Arkansas, where both she and her husband 
ami Susannah, married Margaret Finger in Ituth- lived to a ripe age. Among her children was, 
erford County, Tennessee, where he lived for many 1, a son, Thomas A., wlio became a minister of 
years. Later on they moved to Izard ('(uuity, Ar- the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. This sou 
kausas. They had a son and two daughters, as is a bachelor and resides in Izard County. Ann 
follows: 1, Williaui II. Woods, who still resides (Woods) Brown has numerous other descendants 
in Izard County; 1', Susi.nnali M., who married a in Izard and Fulton Counties bearing the names 
Mr. Russell, and is now a widow; 3, A. Texas, who .Mano, Lawyers, Oliver, Chadwick, and Moore, 
married Wni. 1'. Carner, and still resides in Izard (e) Thomas C. Woods^ the fifth child of Thomas 
County; and a number of other sons and daughters, and Susannah, was never married. He died July 
now dead, many of whose descendants are to be 17, 1811, near Alexandria, La. 

found in Izard County, and Fulton County, bear- (fj Malcom Woods, the sixth child of Thomas 

ing the names of Rector, Sanders, Freeman, Sub- and Susannah, died in infancy, 
lett, Stroud, <'ampbell, Fowler, Clem, I'arker, and (g) Susannah M. Woou.s, the seventh child of 

Copeland, in additiim to those having the name of Thomas and Susannah, married a Mr. Simmons, 

Woods. Ijy whom she had one daughter, namely; 1, Susan- 

(b) John "Woods, the second child of Thomas nah E., who married John W. Jacobs, by whom she 
and Susannah, lived to be eighty-seven years old. jiad children who are themselves married and have 
He was twice married, but never had any children, children bearing the names of Jacobs, Luckett and 
He resided in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in which Call. Susannah died early in her nmrried life, 
coiimiunity he was a i)romiiient figure. He was in (h) Willlvm Mitchkll Wood.:, was the eighth 
public life for a long jteriod, being for a great while child of Thomas and Susannah, and December 16, 
County Clerk, part of the time Chairman of the 1847, he married Elizabeth E. Brown, daughter of 
County Court, and a member of the State Senate AT'chibald and Sai-ah (Culton) Brown in Fulton 

\vTLLTA:\r ^y^ops of xoirrn tat^ouna. 


County, Kentucky. Tlicv made their lii si liouic in 
(Jbion County, Tennessee, on the Kentucky and 
Tennessee line, in what is called "The Black 
Swamp." In the fall of 1855 they sold this farm 
for fl.OO i)cr acre, but soon afterwards it was held 
at $50.00 per acre. During the following winter 
William visited liis brother James B. in Izard 
County, Arkansas, and bought a farm on Sandy 
Baj'ou which is now in Izard County. He made a 
crop the next season, and in the fall of 1S5G brought 
his family to his new home. In 1868 he sold the 
part of the farm he had at first occupied, and 
erected a house a mile further down the creek. 
Ilere William died September 19, IS'JO, and his 
wife followed him :\Iarch 15, 1809. William M. 
Woods was a member of the Church of Christ, and 
his wife was a member of the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church. They were both intelligent, in- 
dustrious and good peoi)le who commanded the 
confidence and respect of their neighbors. They 
were buried in Spring Hill Cemetery within a 
quarter of a mile of their last place of residence. 
They had the following children, to wit: 1, John 
Harvey Woods, born March 27, 1849; 2, Thomas 
James, born August 15, 1850; 3, William Archi- 
bald, born April 12, 1852; 4, Johnson Pierce, born 
October 12, 1853; 5, Sarah Annabel, born October 
10, 1855; 0, Stephen Washington, born December 
9, 1857; 7, Benjamin Franklin, born February 21, 
1867; and 8, Owen Shelley, born February 27, 
1870. All of these children except two that died 
in infancy, were fairly well educated at La Crosse 
Academy, La Crosse, Arkansas. More extended 
accounts of John Harvey, Thomas James, and Ste- 
phen Washington will be found in Part III of this 
volume, to which the reader is referred. 

(j) Mary E. Woods was the ninth c'lild of 
Thomas and Susannah. She married Briglit Snell, 
and lived in Kutherford County, Tennessee. They 
have many descendants now living in that county. 

(k) Stephen H. Woods, the tenth child of 
Thomas and Susannah, has been married three 
times, and has numerous descendants by eacli mar- 
riage, the most of whom live in Rutherford County, 

Tcuucsscc, lliougli some reside in Texas. Stephen 
H. is a phvsirijiii (jf cniinciKc in Kill lici ford 
County, where lie li:is liciii long in |)raclice. 

(1) Abig.vil K. Woons, the eleventii and last 
child of Thomas ajid SusannaJi, \\;is iwicc maiiicd. 
Her first husband was a .Mr. Sininioiis, and liei' last 
was William Brown. By both iiusbands she has 
descendants in Western Kentuci^y and Texas. 

v.— ALEXANDEI{ WOODS was the lifih son of 
John and Ann L. and died without ever having 

VI.— SAMUEL WOODS was tlic sixtii and last 
son of John and Ann L. He was liorn March 14, 
1709. He was married twice; first to Jennie Alli- 
son, January 6, 1789; and next, to a Miss Eliza- 
beth Woods, a disttint kinswoman. 'I'be Hon. 
John D. ^Voods, of Hickory ^'alley, Tennessee, 
states that Elizabeth's father was <me Hugh 
Woods, and that said Hugh was a son of (.'ol. John 
Woods, of Virginia. But the writer gravely 
doubts this last statement, as he has never seen 
or heard any accounts of the family of (Jol. John 
W'oods (after some pretty thorough investigation 
of all available sources of infornuition) which 
made mention of a son by the name Hugh amonir 
his children. No such pers(m is in any way re- 
ferred to in Col. Woods's will (written in 1791), 
and there are the strongest possible reasons for 
affirming that in that instrument he mentions all 
of his children except two who died in early in- 
fancy or childhood. 

Samuel Woods, the last child of John and Ann 
L., was twice married. By his first wife, Jennie 
Allison, he had tiiree children that we know of; 
and by his second wife, Elizabeth Woods, he had 
six. These will be mentioned in the order given 
by Hon. John D. A\'oods, of Tennessee, who belongs 
to this branch, and is perhaps better informed in 
regard to it than any other person living. 

(a) JosEi'U A. Woods was the first child of 
Samuel by his first wife, Jennie. 

(b) John Woods was the second child of Sam- 
uel by his first wife, Jennie. 

(c) David Woods was the third (and last) 



child of Samuel by his fir(>t wife, Jenuie, and was 
born iu Orange County, Xorth Carolina, October 
28, 1795. He married Marj- Kobinson April 5, 
1821, and moved to Hardeman County, Tennessee, 
in the winter of 1824-5. There lie continued to re- 
side until his death, June 28, 1878. His wife, 
Mary Robinson, \\as born in Orange County, North 
Carolina, December 1, 1701), and died June 26, 
1851. Dayid Woods was one of the Magistrates 
of Hardeman County for twenty-four yeai's. Hi& 
wife was the daughter of James Robinson, wlio was 
a son of Michael Robinson. Michael Robinson 
came from Ulster Province, Ireland, to America 
iu 1742, and settled in Orange County, North Caro- 
lina, iu 17(j0. Michael Robinson's wife was Mary 
Roy, and was a member of the well-known family 
of this name. James Robinson, who was the son 
of Michael and the father of Mary, married his 
cousin, ilargaret Iioy. In their old age James 
and Margaret settled in Tennessee, near to the 
home of their son-in-law, David ^^■()uds. 

David Woods and liis wife Mary Robinson had 
four children, as follows: 1, Samuel Mebane, who 
was born February 10, 1822, married Narcissa 
Robinson. Samuel M. Woods was the father of 
the Hon. John D. Woods, of Hickory Valley, Ten- 
nessee, one of the most efficient promoters of this 
IMiblicatiou. and iu the sketch of rhar gentleman 
to be found in Part III of this work will be seen ad- 
ditional particulars of his family. 2, John R. 
Woods; 3, Mary Woods; and 4, Margaret Woods, 
the last of the four children of David and Mary. 

(d) Hugh Woods was the fourth child of Sam- 
uel — the first one by Elizabeth, his second wife — 
and was born August 5, 1800, in Orange County, 
North Carolina. On the 2(;tli of January, 1826, 
he was married to Elvira Jane Ray, who was born 
October 1, 1802, in Orange County. Six children 
were the fruit of this union, to wit: 1, Samuel 
Robert Faucett, who was born February 16, 1828; 
2, Margarett Jane, born July 29, 1830; 3, Joseph 
Hammel, who was born November 7, 1833, and 
was the father of Mrs. James Dennis Goodwin, of 
Richmond, Virginia, one of the original promoters 

of this publication, a sketch of whom will be found 
in Part III of this work; 4, Elizabeth Ann, who 
was born August 19, 1837; 5, Hugh Phillips (gen- 
erally called Tyler j, born January 15, 1840; and 
6, Mary Ellen, who was born July 22, 1842. 

(e) Jennie M. Woods was the second child of 
Samuel Woods by his second wife (Elizabeth). 

(f) 3IAKY A. Woods was the third child of Sam- 
uel Woods by his second wife (Elizabeth). 

(g) Susan F. was the fourth child of Samuel 
Woods by his second wife (Elizabeth). 

(h) Samuel Ray Woods was the fifth child of 
Samuel Woods by his second wife (Elizabeth). He 
was born near Ilillsboro, North Carolina, January 
23, 1808. He married Miss Zilpha Elizabeth Mc- 
Kuine, of Wayne County, North Carolina, Feb- 
ruary, 1831, by whom he had six children, as fol- 
low : 1, \\'illiam Samuel, born December 1, 1831 ; 
2, Mary Elizabeth, born December 16, 1833, and 
died August 29, 1835; 3, Susan McKuine, born 
March 29, 1836; 4, John Raiford, born October 13, 
1838; 5, Barbara Ann, liorn September 18, 1841; 
and 6, David Sidney, born December 28, 1844, of 
whom a sketch will be found in Part III of this 
volume. Samuel Ivay Woods moved from North 
Carolina to Marion, Pei'i^ County, Alabama, in 
1848. All three of his sons (William Samuel, 
John Raifnrd, and David Sidney) went as volun- 
teers into the Confederate Army in the summer 
and fall of 18(!]. William S. was in Company P. 
of the 20th Alabama Regiment, and saw service iu 
the Ai-my of Tennessee. John R. and David S. 
joined Company K of the 11th Alabama, and saw 
service iu Mrginia under General Robert E. Lee. 
\ViIIiam S. fell in battle in a charge near Marietta, 
Georgia, June 22, 1864. His comrades said of him 
that he was the most exemplary man in the Regi- 
ment, and all testified to his high Christian charac- 
ter and noble soldierly bearing. The last words he 
was heard to utter were: "Forward, boys; for- 
ward." His old commander. General E. W. Pet- 
tus, of Selma, Alabama, yet remembers him, and 
speaks of him in the highest terms as a brave, true, 
and fearless soldier. Zilpha Elizabeth, wife of 



Samuel Eaj Woods, dietl April 13, 1877, and Sam- 
uel himself died July 30, 1890. John Kaiford 
Woods resides in New Berne, Alabama. He married 
Miss Annie Jane Paul, by whom he has three chil- 
dren, as follows: Gcortjc Sidiici/, born March 1, 
1877; Mary Alive^ born July 13, 1879; Elizabeth 
MvKninc, born Ajjril 20, 1881*. Susan McK. and 
IJarbara Ann Woods, the third and fifth children of 
Samuel Ray Woods by his wife Zilpha, are unmar- 
ried, and reside in Marion, Alabama, 

(j) Margaret A. Woods was the sixth and last 
child of Samuel ^yoods by his second wife, Eliza- 
beth, and married her cousin, Lindsey Woods, the 
son of her uncle, William Woods. 

Samuel Woods, the sixth and last son of John 
and Ann L., was from early manhood till his death 
in 1852, an elder of the Little Riyer Presbyterian 
Church, he being the fifth indiyidual of the 
Woodses, in a direct line, who held that oflice in 
that particular church, and coyering a period of 
ninety-one years — from 1701 to 1852. This is: a re- 
markable record, and it seems to indicate that there 
must haye been in this branch of the family uncom- 
mon tidelity on the pai't of parents in teaching 
their children to understand and hold fast to the 
faith of their fathers. 

B.— WILLIAM WOODS was the second child of 
^\'illiam Woods of Xorth Carolina, the Irish emi- 
grant. Of him we know extremely little, except 
that in a yery early day he migrated to the region 
of East Tennessee in which the town of Jonesboro 
now .stands. No doubt some of the Woodses in 
Washington and Greene Counties, Tennessee, are 
Ills descendants. 

^ C— SAMUEL WOODS was the third child of 
William, the Irish emigrant. He was probably 
born about the yeav his parents migrated to Amer- 
ica (1724). He married Mary Mitchell, and in- 
herited from his father the old home place on Hy- 
cotee Riyer. Fiye sons are known to haye been 
biiiu to Samuel and Mary, as follows: 

I.— JOHN WOODS was the first child, so far as 
known, of Samuel and Mary. We know that John 
married, and that he had two sons, as follows: (a) 

Andrew, wIio w as living a few years ago on the old 
home place on the Hycotee at tlie great age of nine- 
ty years; and (b) Green. 

II.— ANI)RE^^■ ^^'OODS was the second child 
of Samuel and .Mary. 

III.— WILLIAM WOODS was the tliird child of 
Samtiel and Marj-. 

IV.— THOMAS WOODS was the fourth child of 
Samuel and Mary. 

v.— JAMES \\OOlJS was the fifth child— and 
the last, so far as we are informed — of Samuel and 

D.— ELIZABETH WOODS was the fourth child 
of William, the Irish emigrant. She married Da- 
yid Mitchell, who was a brother of the Mary Mitch- 
ell who married Samuel Woods, Elizabeth's broth- 
er. They liyed on Hycotee Riyer. Their descend- 
ants are yery numerous, and are found in North 
Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama more especially. 

E.— MARY WOODS was the fifth, and perhaps 
the last, child of William, the Irish emigrant. She 
married a Mr. Strain. For a few years after their 
marriage this cotiple liyed on a large plantation 
which they owned on Little Riyer, but in the early 
period of the settlements in East Tennessee they 
went with Mary's brother AVilliam to make their 
home near the town of Jonesboro, in what is called 
the "Dark Neighborhood." 

We now bring to a close the account of the 
Woodses, which constitutes Part I of this yolume; 
and in doing so it will not be thought inappropri- 
ate to offer some reflections concerning the Woods 
family as a whole. The author has endeavored to 
avoid, as far as possible, everything like a vain- 
glorious spirit in speaking of the family of which 
it is his privilege to be a humble member.., He has 
had no desire to exaggerate, in any degree, the mer- 
its of any person of whom he has made mention; 
but, so far as he has had the framing of the various 
accounts of individuals of the connection, he has 
endeavored to speak with modesty of tlieir gifts 
and achievements, and to tell only what seemed to 
be true. The AVoodscs, as a rule, do not seem to 



liave been in any inark(Hl degree people of wealth, 
or exalted official station, or unnsual bril- 
liancy. A great many of them, indeed, have en- 
joyed all of these advantages; biit it is not pre- 
tended that the Woodses in general have made any 
specially remarkable record as respects this class 
of distinctions, when compared with the average 
of worthy families in America. There have been, 
and still are, among the scattered thousands com- 
posing the Woods Clan, members of Congress, Gov- 
ernors of States, diplomats, high officers in the 
Army and Navy, distinguished authors and liter- 
ary men and women, hundreds of bankers and cap- 
italists, and a few milliunaires; but the great 
mass (if them haA'e been men of moderate 
means, average education, humble station, and no 
remarkable brilliancy. But the AVoodses and their 
descendants of myriad names have nuide a record 
in certain important spheres of life and human ac- 
tivity which we sincerely believe is not surpassed 
by that of any other one family in the Union. Let 
the reader, if he cares to determine the accuracy of 
this jiulgment for himself, liegin with Elizabeth 
(Wallace), Michael, and William Woods (the 
three children of John \Voods, of Ireland) at the 
time they landed in Anu'rica in 17-4, and follow 
them for the succeeding one hundred and eighty 
years, and he will see that we indulge no idle 
boast. The Woodses, Wallaces, Mchowclls, Vxn- 
dens, Bowyers, Lapsleys, Millers, McAfees and 
their numberless descendants not only settled, in 
large measure, the Piedmont IJegion and the Great 
Valley of Old Virginia, and an important part of 
North Carolina, and were anujug the sturdy early 
settlers of West Virginia and Tennessee, but they 
had probabljf a larger share in the founding and 
development of Kentucky from 1773 onward than 
any other one family in America. The records 
show that in every war from 1734 to this day they 
have borne a prominent and honorable part on the 

Held in defence (»f libei'ty and tlie riglits of 
inau. .\nd, above all else, to their everlasting 
honor it can truthfully be said that, as a family, 
they have ever stood for industry, sobriety, high- 
toned morality, and the religion of Jesus Christ. 
A careful inspection of the records reveals among 
the descendants of the three Woodses mentioned a 
remarkably large numl)er of ministers of the Gos- 
pel and Christian missionaries. Some of these 
have b(cn among the most distinguished and use- 
ful in I he various Evangelical Churches of the 
United States. There are probably not less than 
tifty Gospel ministers now alive in America or in 
foreign lands in whose veins the blood of John 
Woods of Ireland flows. If we should attempt to 
count the private members and officers of the vari- 
ous Christian denominations in the land to-day 
who trace their lineage back to John Woods and 
Elizabeth ^Worsop, it is believed they would be 
numlicicd by lliousauds. The descendants of 
this couple through the daughter and the two sons 
mentioned have been in an important and real 
sense founders of this nation, and some have gone 
to distant heathen lauds to carry the glad tidings 
of salvation to men sunk in idolatry and Ijarbarism. 
Doubtless there have been in this widely scattered 
family, in the course of nearly two centuries, nmny 
who have done nothing to add lustre to the name; 
but, taking the record as we have it in this volume, 
it can be said, without exaggeration or boasting, 
that if Elizabeth A\'allace and her brothers Mich- 
ael and William Woods could revisit the earth to- 
day and see what their posterity hav(- accom- 
plished, and what place they now till in the relig- 
ious, intellectual, tinaucial and economic world, 
they would have a right to feel glad they had been 
permitted to live in America and to give to it so 
many worthy sons and daughters, whose lives and 
deeds have done so much to make this laud glorious 
and blest. 





1 — The confession shonkl be made at the outset 
that the amount of definite and absolutely certain 
information we possess in rej^ard to tlie Woodses 
prior to their settlement in the colony of Virginia 
in 1734, is not great. Hence, positive assertions 
relating to the period now under consideration 
must be infrequent, and qualifying phrases will 
often be required. We must, therefore, content 
ourselves with reasonable probabilities and infer- 
ences, in many cases, greatly as we might like to 
feel entirely certain in regard to a multitude of 
matters touched upon. The manufacture of his- 
tory is oftentimes a tempting form of industry, but 
it is the desire of the author to avoid engaging in 
it, if possible. 

2 — For helpful accounts of the persecutions 
which the Scotch-Irish Presbyterians suffered at 
the hands of English bigotry, see Fiske's Old Vir- 
ginia and Her Neighbors, Vol. 2, pages 390-400; 
Foote's Sketches of Virginia, First Series, Chapter 
IV; the Introduction to Waddell's Annals of 
Augusta County, Virginia; and to any good, com- 
prehensive history of England or Ireland. 

3 — That Michael Woods and his familj^ migrated 
to the colony of Pennsylvania somewhere about 
the close of the first quarter of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, seems to have been an accepted belief in the 
families of his descendants; but the exact year of 
his migration is fixed with reasonable certainty by 
an unbroken tradition which has come down to our 
day through the descendants of Col. John Woods, 
the favorite son of Michael. That tradition is that 
John was a boy twelve years old when he came over 
in the ship to America with his parents. That John 
Woods was born in 1712, is known beyond 
all (juestion. The author is personally acquainted 
with Mr. J. Watson Woods, of Mississippi, a lineal 

descendant of Col. John Woods, wlio lins inanv 
ancient original documents of this ancestor, and 
he affirms that tlie date of the coiiiiiiu of the 
Woodses, Andersons and A\'allaces to America was 
the year 1724, if the unvarying tradition of the 
family is to be regarded. The date 1724 may there- 
fore safely be accepted as correct. 

4 — See Dr. Woods's History of Albemarle Coun- 
ty, page 355. 

5 — Our best authoritv as to the ancient Woodses 
in Great Britain is Mr. John O'Hart. of Dublin, 
Ireland, the author of a well-known woi-k entitled 
Irish Pedigrees, wliich has run through several 
editions, the third of which was published in 18S1. 
The sixth edition, in jMS., was ready for the press 
several years ago. Mr. O'Hart enjoyed exceptional 
advantages in making his researches, and had ac- 
cess to the ijublic offices and larger libraries of Ire- 
land. Then there is a Mrs. Elizabeth Barrett, of 
Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland, a lady of 
high character, and an author of repute, who cer- 
tifies to the reliability of Mr. O'Hart, and adds 
some notes of her own to what he has published. 
This lady is herself a descendant of the same fam- 
ily of Woodses as that one with which this volume 
is concerned, and is personally acquainted with a 
number of prominent Woodses now living in Ire- 
land, who trace tlii'ir line back to the same Woods 
ancestors as herself. The statements made in the 
body of this vohinic in i-cgard in the Woodses in 
Great Britain are derived almost entirely from 
these two authoi's. Those who care to look further 
into these questions will be interested in Prender- 
gast's Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland, Burke's 
Genei-al Armory, and the Office of tlie King at 
Arms, Dublin Castle, Ireland. 

6 — There are some records in Ireland whicli seem 



to cive the maiden name of John Woods's wife quite 
differently, namely. WoUnj). Whether this is an 
instance of illegible Avritiiit;-, or not, can not be 
stated. The correct name is believed to have been 
as herein given Worsop. 

7 — Our information in regard to the remoter 
Wallaces has been gotten from the following 
sources, to wit: (a) Hayden's Virginia Genealo- 
gies, Wilkesbarre, Penn., 1801, pages 085-735; (h) 
Private family records of the late Major J. A. R. 
Varner, of Lexington, Va., who was a descendant of 
Peter Wallace and Elizabeth Woods, and several of 
whose letters are in the possession of the author of 
this work; (c) History of Albemarle County, Va., 
by Rev. Edgar Woods, Ph. D., pages 336-7, and 
351-6; and the Life and Times of Judge Caleb Wal- 
lace, by the Rev. Dr. Wm. H. Whitsitt, Number 
Four of the Filson Club Publications, pages 1 to 
5, and 21 to 23. In consulting Dr. Whitsitt's book, 
however, the reader slmnld bear in mind that he 
fell into some inaccuracies ((lUffniing tiotii the 
Woodses and Wa Hares by reason r.f his not having 
noted that there wei'e two Peter Wallaces — father 
and son — and that Peter, the elder, married a sister 
of Michael Woods, and his son, Peter, Jr., married 
a daughter of Michael. Dr. Whitsitt, furthermore, 
was probably not aware that ^lichael Woods had 
at least five children besides the six who were men- 
tioned in his will. The identity of these five chil- 
dren is fully considered in the chapter on 
^lichael Woods. So far as the writer can learn 
there is not a single court record in America to in- 
dicate that Peter Wallace, the elder, was ever in 
any of the colonies. 

8 — For a full account of that branch of Wallaces 
who located in King George County, Virginia, and 
named their homestead Elderslie, see Virginia 
Genealogies by Hayden, pages 685-735. The head 
of this branch was one Michael Wallace, M. D., 
who was boi-n at Galrys, Scotland, in 1719, and 
whose father was named William. These Wallaces 
were probably near of kin to those now iiuder con- 
sideration — William and P<'ter may have been 
brothers. Both branches were most probably de- 

scended from the same person as was Sir William 
Wallace, the famous Scotch patriot. 

9 — Sketches of Virginia by Rev. William Henry 
Foote, D. D., Philadelphia, 1850, First Series, page 

10 — History of Albemarle County, Virginia, by 
Dr. Edgar Woods, page 336. 

11 — Life and Times of Judge Caleb Wallace, 
Number 4 of Filson Clnb Publications, by the Rev. 
Dr. Wm. IT. Whitsitt. 

31^ !■ — For additional items as to Wallaces see 
sketch of JIajor J. A. R. Varner. 

12 — For a brief account of his death at Guil- 
ford C. H., .see Foote's Sketches of ^'irginia. Sec- 
ond Series, page 147. Tlie death of his two broth- 
ers is also referred to in that place. 

13 — This story was told in an article which ap- 
peared in The Ivockbridge County News (Lexing- 
ton, Virginia) April 24, 1890. 

14 — Governor McDowell was a descendant of the 
^fagdalene Woods who married John McDowell, 
and sJie was a sister of Adam Wallace's mother, 
3Iartha Woods. Both these women were the daugh- 
ters of Michael Woods of Blair Park. 

15 — See Notes 3 and 5 on Part I, Chapter First. 

16 — Peyton's History of Augusta County, Vir- 
ginia, page 302. 

17 — See Waddell's Annals of Augusta County, 
page 4; Peyton's History of Augusta County, 
pages 23, 31 and 79 ; and Fiske's Old Virginia and 
Her Neighbors, Vol. 2, pages 390-395. 

18 — See Fiske's Old Virginia and Her Neighbors, 
Volume II, the whole of Chapter XVII, especially 
pages 395 and 396. Foote's Sketches of Virginia, 
First Series, Chapter IV, and pages 102-106. 

19 — See Waddell's Annals of Augusta County, 
pages 7 to 9, and notes ; and Dr. Hale's Trans-Alle- 
gheny Pioneers, page 21. 

20 — See Fiske's Old Virginia and Her Neigh- 
bors, Vol. 2, pages 384-5 ; and Waddell, pages 9 and 

21— Fiske, page 384. 

22 — See Waddell, page 16; Foote, First Series, 
page 101; Dr. Edgar Woods, page 351. 



23 — See Peyton's Augusta, pages 25 to 31. 

24 — Foote's Sketches of Virgiuia, First Series, 
r page 101. 

25 — AVafMell's Annals, page 13. 

26— See all of Chapters I and III of Waddell's 
Annals; and Peyton's Angnsta, pages 9 and 81. 

27 — Waddell's Annals, jiage 13, where is given a 
picture of travel in those days. 

28 — See Peyton's Angnsta, page 9. 

29— See Waddell's Annals, pages 30 and 31 ; 
Peyton's Angnsta County, page 0.5 ; and Foote's 
Sketches of Virginia, Second Series, pages 92 and 
93. It will appear from a comparison of these cita- 
tions that Dr. Foote places the death of John Mc- 
Dowell in 1743, a year later than Waddell and Pey- 
ton do, and he gives what purports to be an exact 
reproduction of the inscription on McDowell's 
tombstone in the ancient burial-itlot of Timber 
Ridge Church. The writer has great faith in the 
care and accuracy of both Waddell and Peyton, 
and he assumes that they must have found that Dr. 
Foote's date was an error. We may therefore ac- 
cept the year 1742 as the correct date of the awful 
tragetly at Balcony Falls. The rude figures on 
such a primitive, unhewn head-stone as that which 
Dr. Foote states marked John McDowell's grave in 
his day were probably indistinct, and he might 
have mistaken a 2 for a 3. 

30— Waddell's Annals, pages 67-71. 

31 — See Dr. Woods's History of Albemarle Coun- 
ty, pages 6 and 351. 

32 — The original Patent, in the possession of 
Hon. Micajah Woods, of Charlottesville, Virginia, 
is executed on parchment in beautiful handwriting, 
and is in a good state of preservation after 166 
years. It is worded after the extremely verbose, 
technical style of ancient legal documents, with 
endless repetitions and useless phrases. It is too 
lengthy and tedious to justify insertion in full. 

33— See The Cabells and Their Kin, by Alexan- 
der Brown, published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 
Boston and New York, in 189.", pages 59 and 599. 

34— See Dr. Woods's History of Albemarle, 
page 130. 

35 — This mode of signing one's name the writer 
does not remember ever to have known an example 
of before. If the "m" interposed between the 
Christian name Jlichael, and tlic surname Woods 
liad been meant fnr I lie initial of a middle name 
one would tliiiik il would Iia\'e liccn id" Die same size 
as tlie (Pile \\i-ill('n in tlic name Michael, and on a 
line with it. On the contrary, this "m" is not only 
much smaller, but is in all cases slightly below the 
line. If anyone can suggest the true explanation 
of this anomalous form of signature employed by 
(uir ancestor in bis deeds of 1743, and in his will 
of 1761, the author would be n\u(Ii ohliged to hear 
from him. Address Bev. Neandcr :\r. Woods, 817 
Second Street, Louisville, Ky. 

36 — Col. Green's Historic Families of Kentucky, 
page 15. This volume, let it liere be noted, is of 
peculiar value to all llic Woodscs, and especially all 
the McDowells who are descended fVuni [Mielinel 
Woods of Blair Park. It contains an amount of 
important information as to these families which 
is nowhere else to be had, so far as the present 
writer is aware. It is greatly to be regretted that 
the book is already out of print, and it is to be 
hoped that the demand for co])ics may be such as to 
induce some one to issue a new edition. 

37 — For this valuable jdece of unimpeachable in- 
foi'mation the author is indebted to the kindness of 
Professor W. C. Brown, of the University of Mis- 
souri, who has devf)ted much attention to genealogi- 
cal matters relating to the Woodscs and their vari- 
ous connections. 

38— Waddell's Annals, page 13. 

39 — ^See Foote's Sketches of Virginia, Second 
Series, page 96. 

40 — See Green's Historic Families of Kentucky, 
pages 2 and 3. 

41 — The depositions of ilrs. i\Iary Greenlee, 
taken in 1806, in the celebrated Borden case, is 
given in part in Peyton's Augusta County, pages 
66-74. This is a document of intense interest to the 
Woodses and McDowells. As only brief extracts 
from it can be quoted in this work, all who want 
to get an insight into the mode of life and social 



conditions of the ancient ^IcDowells and Woodses 
sboxild give tiie extracts from this (hiciiment quoted 
by Peyton a careful ])ernsal. It tlii'ows much light 
on the history of tlie \Voo(lses, ]\[cl)owelLs, Bor- 
dens, Bowyers, Alexanders, A^'allaces and others. 
The records of the whole case fill (\vn fdlio volumes, 
and are to be seen in the clerk's oflice at Staunton, 
Virginia. See Dr. Foote's Sketches, Second Series, 
page 92. 

42— See Waddell's Annals, page 482. 

43 — This account is foun<l, in substance, in vari- 
ous books, lint the (me given by Dr. Foote in liis 
Sketches of Virginia, Second Series, pages 92 and 
93, is the one iiiaiiily folbiwed. For some cause the 
year of Cajitain .Md »o\\('irs death as given by 
Foote is not the same as that given hj 
Waddell, Peyton and (ireen. Dr. l'"'o()te purports 
to give an exact copy of the inscription on the 
tombstone, but the other writers mentioned have 
had as good oi>porfuiiities as he for ascertaining 
the facts^and we must assinue that they are correct 
in fixing 1742 ( December 251 as the true date, and 
that pro))ably Dr. Foote, in reading the very rude 
inscriptions covered by the moss of generations, 
mistook a 2 for a 3. See Note 4() in wiiich yet an- 
other date for John McDowell's death is discussed. 

44 — ^The author wishes to state that to the val- 
uable work of Col. Thomas ^[. (Ireen on some of the 
Historic Families of Kentucky he is indebted for 
most of the iufornmtion herein given concerning 
the McDowells. One reason for making such ex- 
tensive use of that work is tiie fact that it is out of 
print, and hundreds of the descendants of the 
Woodses, McDowells and others who would be glad 
to purchase it could not possildy obtain a copy at 
any price. There are various other volumes which 
give more or less complete lists of the McDowells 
and their c(nmections and descendants to which 
the reader is referred, viz: Paxton's Marshall 
Family, pages 00-08; Peyton's History of Augusta 

ent work could not un<lertake to sift the contradic- 
tory details to be found in the several publications 
mentioned. He is inclined to accept Col. Green's 
exliiliit as, on the whole the most satisfactory one 
within reach. 

45 — Col. Green states that Samuel IMcDowell 
I\eid, son of Andrew Keid and Magdalen McDow- 
ell, was a physician. See his Historic Families, 
page 100. Tiiis is a mistake. He was educated for 
the law, but spent nearly the whole of his mature 
life discharging the duties of clerk of court in 
Pockliridge County. He was never, at any period 
of In's life, a jdiysician. Mrs. Helm Bruce, of 
Louisville, Kentucky, is a grand-daughter of his, 
and slic lias learned the facts from her motliei', who 
bad liad acicss to the records of the Keid family. 

40 — There is a record in regard to John ilcDow- 
ell at Orange Court House, Virginia, which may 
easily mislead any one who fails to bear in mind 
the "old style" of rei-kouing, which England did not 
abandon till the year 1752. The record in question 
shows that letters of administration were granted 
to ^fagdalen ^McDowell upon the estate of her de- 
ceased liiisliaiid .Mai'ch 24, 1742. The natural in- 
ference would lie that, inasmuch as it is known 
that John McDowell was killed on Christmas Day, 
lie died in the year 1741. This would be true under 
the present style of reckoning, but not so under tlie 
"old style." Up to the year 1752, in England and 
all her colonies, the new year began March 25, in- 
stead of January 1, as now. Hence, Cliristmas Day 
next preceding .March 24, 1742, was in Die year 
1742. March 24 was then the last day of tlie year, 
and of course the preceding twelve months all be- 
longed to the same year as that date did. The 
administration letters granted to Magdalen .^larch 
24, 1742, Avere just three months subsequent to De- 
cember 25, 1 742. So John died December 25, 1742, 
and then .March 24, 1742, his widow took out letters 

County, page 302; and Dr. W'hitsitt's Life and of adniinistratioTi. 

Times of Caleb AVallace, pages 21-23. Mr. Wad- 47 — For items concerning the Bordens the reader 

dell, in his Annals of Augusta County, also has is referred to the following authorities: Peyton's 

much to say of this family. The author (»f the pres- History of Augusta County, pages 07-74, and 302; 



\V;i(l<lcirs Aiiiials (if Auiiiistii County, pages 16, 
aiul 3U84U0; aud Col. Thomas Marsliall Green's 
Historic Families of Kentucky, pages 111.'), aud 78. 

48 — P\>i' particulars in icgard to Col. I'owyei- 
see the folhnving: AN'addcll's Annals, jtagcs (iC), 
lie, 131, aud 487; I^eytou's Augusta Cciinty, pages 
fiO-74; Foote's Sketches, Second Series, jiage !)8; 
the facsimile of the will of Michael Woods, Jr., 
herein given and noted in Index; and Col. Creen's 
Historic Families, jiage 78. 

49 — The greater part of tlic inlnrnial inn here 
given in regard to William ^^'<)(P(ls (I'd) has been 
gotten from Dr. Edgar ^Voods's History of Allie- 
marle County. Sec pages o~t?> and Sru. 

.jO — Henning's Statutes at Large, Volume 7, 
page 203, An Act providing for paying the men of 
the Albemarle militia. 

51 — The author perhaps needs to apologize to the 
most of his readers for this littl(> digression from 
the narrative. He is anxious to draw the attention 
of the Woodses to a state of things which is some- 
thing of a reproach, and to say that he stands 
ready to co-operate in every A\ay in his ]Ki\\'er with 
any of the "Clan" wlm may lie disjiosed to heed the 
hint given. 

52 — The most that the author has been able to 
learn concerning ^^'illiam. the second child of 
Michai 1 Woods and ]\[arv Campli( II, has l)een de- 
riveil fr(un Dr. Edgar Woods's History of Albe- 
marle County, see pages 353 and 354. 

53— See sketch of C(d. Charles A. R. Woods, in 
PaT't III of this W(!i'k, who is a descendani of ^Vi^ 
liam Woods (2d ) through his son, Adam Woods. 

54 — The r( ader is referred to the sketch of Mrs. 
:McChesney Coodall in Tart III of (his W(U-k. She 
Avas born and reared within sight of tlie old ^Fich- 
ael Woods Blair Park homestead, and her immedi- 
ate ancestors have enjoyed special o])])ortunities 
for knowing the family traditions bearing on the 
career of William Woods (2(Fl, sou of old ^lichael. 
Her information is that he lived iu Pennsylvania 
till March, 1744, whilst his parents are known to 
have migrated to A'irginia ten years prior to that 
date. WHiy it was that William, who was one of 

his father's favorite sons, sliould liave rc^maiued be- 
hind in Pennsylvania so mncli as ten years whilst 
his parents and younger lirolhcrs aud sisters were 
<lown in the Virgiina w ildcrnrss sti-uggling with 
all tlie trying conditicuis of a fi-onii<T settlement, 
we are unable to conjecture. We know not what 
documejitai-y evidence in snppoil of this .su])posi- 
tiou may be in existence ; but if theie be none, it 
would seem but reasoTiable to conclude that the 
sons of old .Alicliacl .-icconiiiaiiied liini on his mo\'e 
to A'irgiuia in 1734. This, howevei-, we c(nifess, is 
only a conjecture on oui- jtart. 

55 — The infeu'iuatiiui herein given in regard to 
Captain Archibald ^'\'oo(ls and his wife, ^[(uirning 
Shelton, has been derived mainly from the follow- 
ing sketches, to be found in Part III of this vol- 
ume, viz: that of Col. Charles A. K. Woixls; that 
of Col. J. W. Caperton ; that of Mr. Samuel ]>. Koy- 
ster and that of Hon. J. D. (ioodloe. Tlu' i-eader 
is referred to these sketches for fuller details than 
could well be presented in this place. 

56 — The reader will please consult the sketches 
of Col. Woods and IVIrs. Gowlall in Part III of this 
volume. Also Dr. Edgar Woods's History of Al- 
bemarle, page 353. 

57 — See Dr. Edgar Woods's History of Albe- 
marle, page 235. 

58 — The accounts given by Dr. Edgar Woods, 
Col. Cha*^. A. R. Woods, and ^Ivs. Goodull of the 
descendants of William Woods (2d) are in some 
I'espects widely dilTerent, and now ami then contra- 
<lictory of each othei-.\\( en these several nar- 
ratives the author of this volume feels incompetent 
to decide with any ])ositiveness, and he refers his 
readers to the sevei'al accounts so that they may 
judge for themselves. 

5fl — See Peyton's Augusta County, page 119. 

60 — To some of the numerous descendants of 
Samuel Woods it may be a matter of interest to 
know something more about his Kevolutionai'y ser- 
vice, and the ]iension h(> received, than is given in 
the body of the text; aud for the gratification of 
such |>ersoT)s the follow ing additional facts .are fni'- 
nished : Nearlv foi'tv veai's after (he close of the 



Revolution the Congress of the United States un- 
dertook to make proper recognition of the services 
of tlie old Revolutionary soldiers, hundreds of 
whom were still alive, but far advanced in life, and 
many of them being in greatly reduced circum- 
stances. Tlie acts relating hereto are known as 
"The Revolutionary Claim Acts of March IS, 1818, 
and May 1, 1820." It was under these acts that 
Samuel Woods got his pension. lie was then re- 
siding in Uarrodsburg, Kentucky, with his gi'and- 
son, J. Harvey Woods, the father of the present 
writer. Born in 1738, he was a man of eighty when 
the first of the above-nu^itioned acts was passed. 
He had given the bulk of his property to his son, 
Samuel Woods, Jr., in 1791, and for some reason 
by the year 1819 was without means, and dependent 
for support on his grandson, with whom he was liv- 
ing. The records of the case consist of a number 
of affidavits and certificates which are now on file 
in the U. S. Pension Office at AA'^ashington City, and 
the same can be seen, free of charge, at any time 
by calling on the proper official. Parties who 
would like to procure certified copies of all the 
papers can readily obtain them for a nominal fee 
by writing to the Pension Department. The fol- 
l()^\■ing papoi's of the set aiiie reg'arded as of special 
intterest : 1, the affidavit of one John <ialloway, of 
Mercer County, Kentucky, made Septembea* 13, 
1819; 2, the affidavit of Samuel Woods, himself, 
m'ade April 11, 1823; 3, the affidavit of one Major 
John Arnold, of Madison County, Tennessee, made 
Octobei- 22, 1823; and 4, the affidavit of Col. An- 
thony Crocket, of Franklin Coivnty, Kentucky, 
madte December 15, 1823, and certified to by tlie 
three Kentucky OongTCssmeli, IMoiore, Buckner, and 

In paper 1 Mr. Galloway swears that he is well 
acquainted with Samuel Woods; that he saw him 
swiirn into service as a Lieutenant in the Twelfth 
Virginia Regiment, on the Continental Establish- 
ment at Fort Pitt, in the spring of 177G ; that Colo- 
nel James Wood was in command of said regiment, 
and Galloway himself a member thereof; that he 
knew said Woods served as a regular officer in said 

regiment for nearly three years; that said Woods 
served his country faithfully; and that he was at 
the battle of Guilford, N. C, as he believed. 

In paper 2, Samuel Woods swears that he was 
not physically able then (April, 1823) to appear in 
Court owing to the feebleness of age; that in the 
spring of 177G he was commissioned a Lieutenant 
and attached to the Twelfth Virginia Regiment, on 
Contin( ntal Establishment, commanded by Col. 
James Wood; that he continued in the Continental 
service (Regular Army, as distinguished from 
Militia) for three years, when he resigned; that af- 
terwards he served as a militia officer, from time to 
time, till the war closed, and was in the Battle of 
Guilford, North Carolina ; that he was then about 
eighty-fi\'e yenvfi old, and too feeble tO' do amy \\'ork ; 
that his M'ife (Margairet) -was then old, and as in- 
firm ais himself, they having no children alive, and 
both in a dependent condition ; and th'at he hfid sent 
on his np])licati(ni t(! the Pensiiiu I >c](iirlment in 
1819, liut that action on it had been delayed be- 
cause, in spelling the surname of the Colonel of the 
regiment in ^^dlich he had served, he had appended 
an s to it, making his Colonel's nianie ^^'Oods, in- 
stead (if siinidy A\'ood as it properly was. 

In paper 3 Major John Arnold, of :Madison 
County, Tennessee, swore that lie was well ac- 
quainted with Samuel Woods; that said Woods 
was a Lieutenant in the Continental Army; that he 
knew said AVoods to be in service at the mouth of 
the Kanawha River for about fifteen months, he 
and Woods being together there; and that he be- 
lieved Woods to have been a faithful scddier; and 
that Woods was an officer whom he knew and re- 
spected as such. Arnold's memory as to the years 
covered by this period of fifteen months was some- 
^^■hat at fault, for he metntious the year 1775, when 
it is certain Woods did noit enlist till the spring of 


In the 4th paper. Col. Anthony Orockeit states, 
under oath, tWat he knew Samuel Woods well ; that 
during the Revolutionary War Woods was a Lieu- 
tenant in the regiment of which Col. James Wood 
■nas the commander; that Woods ^^'as in service at 



P'oi't Pitt, and later at the mouth of the Kanawha, 
and later still marched to the South. Then follows 
the sworn statement of all three of the Kentucky 
Congressmen, Hon. T. P. ^Moore, Hon. Richard A. 
Buckner, and Hon. Robert P. Letcher, certifying- 
(o tlic absolute trustworthiness of Col. Crocket. 
The recoi-ds show further that Samuel Woods was, 
in 1823, residing with J. Harvey Woods, his grand- 
son, in Harrodsburg, Kentucky; that from Decem- 
ber 15, 1823, he gc^t |20.00 a month until liis death, 
wiiich occunx^d February 3, 182(;, when he was 
eighty-eight yeai-s old. 

It may be remarked here that whilst the particu- 
lar regiment several times referred to in said docu- 
ments as the one in Avhich Samuel Woods was a 
Lieutenant, and of which Col. James Wood was the 
commander, is called the '"Twelfth," there is some 
uncertainty as to this being correct. The author 
lias seen in a published volume of Revolutionary 
Recoi'd'S ( the exact title of -n-hich he can not noM- re- 
call) that the regiment commanded by Col. -Tames 
Wood was the Third, and not the Twelfth. He also 
olis'erves that in these documents, above dis'cussetl, 
some of the affiants seem to have doubts as to this 
point themselves. Then the endorsement on the 
jacket or wrapper emicloising the papers of this case 
made by some oflScial of the Pension Office, omits 
to give the number of the regiment, and simply 
says: "The i*egiment commanded by Col. James 
Wood." The solution of this queslion may pos- 
sibly be that during the course of the five or six 
years of the Revolution Col. Wood may have com- 
manded two entirely different regiments, in order, 
or his command may have undergone a reorganiza- 
tion, resulting in a new name for it, as often occurs 
in the course of a protracted war. 

61 — See Prof. Shaler's Kentucky, pages 20 and 

fi2 — Col. Durrett's Centenary of Kentucky, pages 
IG and 51. 

63— See Shaler's Kentucky, pages 68, 80 and 93. 

64— Butler's Kentucky, Edition of 1834, page 
120; and Waddell's Annals of .\iimis1a County, 
l):ige 208, footnote. 

65 — See Waddell's Annals, pages 451-3. 

66 — Di'. Edgar Woods's History (if Albemarle, 
page 355. 

67 — Davidson's History of Presbyterian! sm in 
Kentucky, pages 73-82. 

68 — Family Reminiscences by Le Grand M. 
Jones, of Trenton, Tennessee, St. Louis, C. R. 
Barns Publishing Co., 1804. See pages 43-46. 

69 — This is not intended in tlie least as a dispar- 
agement of Mr. Jones's narrative, but only to call 
attention to the fact that his principal informant 
probably did not possess much certain information 
concerninig some of the details of family liistory to 
which he referred. Tliis is noted Iicre merely to 
show that the writer has good grounds for doubt- 
ing the exactness and accuracy of some of the state- 
ments made as to Samuel Woods, of Paint Lick, 
and his children. First, Judge Black was evidently 
unaware of the more important incidents in the life 
of Samuel Woods during his stay of about fifteen 
years in Kentucky. He was evidently an import- 
ant man at Paint Lick, and took part in the organi- 
zation of the beginnings of Presbyterianism in Ken- 
tucky ; and yet Judge Black had probably not heard 
of anything beyond the fact that he was a member 
of the Paint Lick Church, whei'e the noted David 
Rice sometimes preached. Secondly, on reading 
over the items fuTuished to Mr. Jones by Judge 
Black about Samuel and his two wives, and his ten 
children, we find no indication of a \^'ritte!n I'ecord 
quote<l from, except ais to one of the sons, John 
Woods. Tlie exception in liis is expressly 
noted by Mr. Jones, (page 44) and the fair infer- 
ence would be that the other items had not been 
copied from a written record. Thirdly, Mr. Jones 
himself calls in question the statement of Judge 
Black as to the date of Samuel's migration to Ken- 
tucky, and most justly. Judge Black has him com- 
ing to Kentucky in 1773, when, as a matter of fact, 
there was not a single resident white man in the 
State that year. The prol>ability is that Samuel 
Woods did not com(> to Kentucky for many years 
after 1773. So fai' as we can judge from land en- 
tries on record he -iNas scarcely there before 1783. 
Lastly, Judge Black was the last-born of a family 


of Iwclvc cliildirn; and it is easy to imdeir- made to a SamiRd Woods oilier than the oue who 
stiuid how a son liorn wlicii liis jKireuts have migrated from Botetourt County, Virgiuia, to Mer- 
I'C'ached middh> life, and who comes to full cer Count}-, Kentucky, in 17S2-3, and there died in 
maturity when his pnivnls are eilhei* gone 1826. The grant was for 350 acres of land in Lin- 
frciui this world, or have lorgolicii many de- coin Couuty, on a braucli of I'aint Lick Creek, ad- 
lails which thev had heard (heir parents narrate joining the lands of Brooks, Kennedy, Bett, Mc- 
in earlv life, labors under ])eciiliar disadvantages Cormack, Miller, and McNecly. The warrant was 
in respect to secnrinii reliable family history. Most numbered 340G, and bore date March G, 1780. It 
men do not begin to take a lively interest iu family was originally issued to Jesse Cartright, who as- 
(raditious till they are nearing middle life; and if signed it to William Miller, who assigned \t to 
thev hai)])en to have been the latesl-bm-u of a large Samuel Woods. The date of the survey of this 
family, by the lime llieir auti(iuariaii instincts have tract was ilay 3, 1783, which is the year, most 
beeonu' aroused and their fondness foi' genealogical probably, in which this Samuel A\'(iods canu^ to 
delails somewhat cultivated, the oidy ])ersons who Kentucky. The Patent for the laud bears date De- 
ever knew the facts desired have had the seal of cember 2, 1785, and is signed by Governor Patrick 
lasting silence placed upon their lips. In such a Henry, of Virginia. This Samuel Woods was, he- 
case, if parents have themselves failed to set down yond all reaso'uahle rioubt, the one who was au 
in black and white what they had learned from elder in the Paint Lick Church for about fifteen 
their own parents, the loss is simply irreparable, years, and then moved to ^Allliamsou County, Ten- 
I'l'ccisely this has been the present writer's experi- nessee, aliout the year 1800 ; and there are good rea- 
ence. Being the last of a dozen children, his par- sons for lielieving he was the Samuel Woods 
ents were dead long before he had come to care who was the son of Richard Woods, of Rockbridge 
anything Avhatever about family tradition; and up County, Virginia, and sold out his interests there 
to about twelve years ago hescarcelyknew anything in 1783, and migrated to Kentucky, 
at all of his graud-j^areiits, and h ss still of his re- 71 — It may be interesting to some to understand 
mot(>r ancestors. Only by dint of patient and long the umin features of the Virginia and Kentucky 
continued effort has he learned, from all sorts of Land Laws. Nearly all of the histories of Virginia 
.sources, what he now knows. It is evident .Tudg(> and Kentucky recite their provisions, as enacted 
Black labored under almost the sanu' disadvan- and altered fi'om tinu^ to time. Tlie reader will be 
tages; and for this reason, and in view of the facts referred to a few of the authorities whence he may 
adduced above, the writer feels disposed to con- grt a fair notion of the peculiar regulations adopt- 
clnde that Samuel Woods, who lived at Paint Lick, ed by Virginia for encouraging the rapid and easy 
was ])robably the Samuel who was the son of Rich- settlement of her vast domain. It was a system 
ard Woods and a grand.son of :\Iichael Woods, of which had its serious drawbacks, and in tinn^ it 
Blair Park, and came from A'irginia to Kentucky caused endless contentions and litigation; and yet 
about 1783. The descendants of this man consti- i*^^ '^vas beneficent in aim, and it had some capital 
tule a numerous comi^any of excellent people scat- advantages not easily improved upon as a scheme 
tei'ed over the South and Southwest, West and f"<>i' meeting the exigencies of the exceptional pre- 
Xorthwest, and the writer has lieen at some pains vailing conditions. The intending settler did not 
to s(>t forth for (heir luMiefit, as best he could, all he need to wait till a government surveyor went to the 
c(mld gather coaicerning this good old Preisbyterian desired spot and made an official survey and maj) 
elder of Paint Lick. of the land. The settler became his own surveyor ; 
70— In the land oflice at Frankf(U-t tjie writer and with chain and compass he could lay off a thou- 
1-Mind the r.N-oid of jui entry which was certaiidy sand acres in a few hours. Then he had his survey 



retuided in the Laud OMce, wkea'ever it was at the 
time, aud ou the basis of this entry Land Wai'rants 
were issued to him which made his title good for 
his laud against all comers except such as may 
have entered the same land before he did. Under 
tliis system the earlier settlers picked out only the 
i-huice lands, leaving untouched, as a rule, those 
deemed of small value. Like our AVestern cow- 
boys ou the Great Plains thirty years ago, who, ou 
killing a buffalo, might carry away with them only 
the tongue or other choice bits of the carcass, leav- 
ing the rest for those who wanted it, the settlers 
in the vast and splendid wilderness of Central Ken- 
tucky disdained to waste their time ou ordinary 

and Indian Wars, or in the Kevolutiou. The num- 
ber of acres allowed to each officer depended on his 
rank. The second class of rights arose from actual 
(Kciipation of the soil. If a man remained in the 
cdiintrj^ one j^ear and raised a crop of corn, he got 
too acres free, and accpiired a right to select 1,000 
additional acres adjaceni thereto for wiiith he was 
expected to pay the government price — about forty 
cents an acre. If lie merely erected a cabin or 
other improvement on the land he got no land free, 
but paid the government price for the same. One 
year's residence aud the actual cultivation of the 
soil was the price each settler had to pay for bis 
"tOO-acre settlement," and then for the "1,000- 

laud — they sought the "tenderloins"' only in those acre pre-emption" he had to pay about |400.00 in 

early days (1773 to 17SDJ. In this way it came 
about that in between these tenderloin slices, so to 
speak, there were innumerable tracts of the most 
ii regular size and sliai)c, wliich f(tr many years no- 
body claimed. Then came the so-called "blanket 
patents," by means of wbicli laud speculators and 
regular settlers sought to lay claim to any and 
all parcels of land not before taken up. As the law 
guaranteed title only to so much of the area in- 
cluded in the "blanket patent" as had not pre- 

cash. This was the way in which Samuel Woods 
(Itorn 1738, and died 1826) established his claim 
to tlie splendid 1,400-acre tract on Shawnee Kun, 
in Mercer County, Kentucky. He mentions it in 
his deed (if gift of Xovendier 9, 17!ll, to his son 
Samuel, Jr., as his "settlement and pre-emption." 
He probably raised his first crop on it in 1783, to 
make good his "settlement," and then afterwards 
paid cash for the extra 1,000 acres which he pre- 
empted. In the same manner the McAfees had 

viously been conveyed to some one else, the blanket taken up claims on Salt IMver in 1773, and had per- 

sometimes covered only little remnants of land 
which did not belong to a previous claimant. But 
whatever areas had not already been taken up be- 
came the property of the owner of the "blanket pat- 
ent." It is said there are even at this late day con- 
siderable bodies of land in Kentucky the title to 
which has never passed from the State, though 
s(iuatters nmy have been occupying them for sev- 
eral generations. But the earliest settlers (1773 to 
1785) had the very pick of the laud, aud secured 
lands for a mere pittance which now are wort It 
fllOO.OO per acre, not counting improvements. 

There were three different kinds of rights in 
land acquired by prospectors: first, those arising 
from military service; secondly, those from settle- 
ment and pre-emption; and thirdly, warrants 
from the Treasury. :Military rights were grants of 
land given to officers who had served in the French 

fected their title later on. They surveyed and plot- 
ted their lands, and marked them by piling up 
brush aud deadening trees thereon in July, 1773. 
In 1774 they came back, built a cabin, and 
planted c(u-n. In 1775 they came again, raised 
corn, and planted peach seeds. And as soon as the 
first Court met in Ilarrodsburg to perfect laud 
titles they completed theirs. See Shaler's Ken- 
tucky, pages 4!t-52; Filson's History, pages 37 aud 
38; Butler's Kentucky, pages 100-101; Collins's 
Kentucky, Vol. I, page 253, and Vol. II, pages 27G 
and 368. 

72 — In a pamphlet published by Mr. E. G. W3'- 
lie, of St. Loui.s, Mo., in lilOO, eutitle.l The Wylie 
Genealogy, many interesting details concerning the 
Grays may be found, pages 20-21. See Davidson's 
History of the Presbyterian Church in Kentucky, 
page 82. 



73 — Dr. \V(H)(ls's Ilisldiy ol' Alhciiiiirlc (/oiiiily, 
page 352. 

74 — This painplilcl \\;is pdhlislicd in 1882 by 
Mr. W. H. 3[illcr, nf Kitliiiioiid, Ki-ntucky, and is 
entitled: Wketoli of Daniel Miller and Christopher 
Harris, and Their Progenitors and Posterity. This 
publication contains much valnablc inl'orniatiou 
concerninii the liraiicli of \\dodses to which it re- 
lates, and the author of ilic Woods-McAfee Memo- 
rial desires hereby to ackncjw ledge his indebtedness 
to Mr. Miller for many items not elsewhere to be 
gotten. A fe\A- of his statements, however, have 
had to be corrected. 

75 — Waddell, in his Annals of Augusta County 
(page ITit), quotes from the papers of a Col. Ivob- 
ert Gamble an item evidently written late in 1780 
or early in 1781, in which reference is made to a 
Cai)tain Andrew AVallace as having been killed 
October 7, 1780, in the Battle of King's Mountain. 
We know not, v.ith certainty, just wlio this man 
could have been. The Andrew A>'alla(e avIio nmr- 
ried Margaret Woods about 1738 was too old a man 
to have been in the army in 1780 — he was then 
about sixty-eight and Dr. Edgar Woods says he 
died in 1785. The Andrew Wallace who was the 
son of Samuel 'Wallace and Esther Raker, -n-as born 
in 1748, as Dr. Whitsett informs us, and moved, in 
1782, with his father to Kentucky, where he lived 
until his death in 1829. The writer knows of no 
other Andrew Wallace who could have been a sol- 
dier in 1780 except Andrew, the son of Peter Wal- 
lace, Jr., and Martha ^Voods, and who, according 

III (he hilc .Majdi- N'.nncr, was a Caiilaiii in Ihc 
Eighth Virginia Uegiiucnl, and was killed at (iuil- 
ford Court Hoxise in 1781. The Col. Gamble quot- 
ed from was no doubt corrcrt in saying an Andrew 
\\'allace was killed prior to 1781, at King's ^louu- 
tain, and this may have been the one who was the 
sou of I'eter Wallace, Jr., and whom .Major Varner 
supposed to liave been killed at Guilford C. H. 

76 — See Capt. Thomas Speed's Wilderness Road, 
page 17. 

77 — See History of South Carolina In the Revo- 
lution, by Edward McCrady, 1901, page 10. 

78 — See Wheeler's Historical Sketches of North 
Carolina, Chapter 4, as quoted by Larned in his 
History for Ready Reference, page 2372, bottom 
of left hand column. 

79 — See The English in America, Chapter 12, as 
quoted by Larned, page 2374. 

SO — Sketches of North Carolina, by Rev. William 
Henry Foote, New York, 1846, pages 78-80, and 

81 — See Manual of Orange Presbytery, edited by 
the Rev. D. I. Craig in 1895. 

82 — See Foote's North Carolina, pages 166-167. 

83 — Hillsboro, Colonial and Revolutionary, by 
Francis Nash, of the Hillsboro Bar and Member of 
the American Historical Association, Raleigh, 
1903. An 8vo pamphlet of 100 pages. This pub- 
lication is one of great value to all who may be 
interested in the history of Orange T'ounty, North 








Tlic iiiinic .McAlcc lias shared llic roniinnn I'alc 
111' iiiiisl |ialri:iiyiiiirs in tlial it lias, in tlii' (/ourse 
(if (•( nl \ii-i( s, nn(l('r.ii(in(' sndi radiral Iransfovnia- 
ti(ins I hat no one uot fumiliar wilii its history 
wduid suspect lliat it ever had au^' connection with 
its oriiiinal. The Gaelic for this name was Dubh- 
sith, lint it became merged, in time, into the Euy- 
lisli e(|ni\aleut, Dultie. Later on, the Celtic prefix 
.Mac, so common in the case of many Scotch and 
Irish names, and which simply means sou, Avas con- 
jdined with it, making it MacDuflie. In the course 
of time this form of the name also underwent a 
ciiange, due, no doubt, to sharply accenting the first 
and last syllaliles (Mac, and fie j , wJiilst obscuring 
the sound of the syllable Ihif. Thus the name 
came at length to be Macfie, a form still retained 
by many of the families having the same origin as 
the ^McAfees. AVe accordingly find the name is 
spelled and pronounced quite variously in Scot- 
land, Ireland and America. We may tiiid the 
forms Macafee, Macfee, Mactie, Macphee, Mac- 
Ilaffie, and McAfee. In an old deed, dated 1718, 
and on record now in the court house at Slannton, 
Va., we tind tiie name of James McAfee, whose 
career from 1739 to 1785 forms the subject of the 
next succeeding chapter of this work, sjielled so ob- 
scurely as scarcely to be decipherable, and yet so as 
to indicate that he may have preferred a spelling 
of it in that early day which it is known he did not 
follow in 17G3 and 17riG, when he had deeds re- 
corded in whicli lie spelled the name as is done in 
tliis work. 

A\'e shall not attempt to i|uote in full all the al- 
lusions to llie anci( lit iiieiillieis of this old Scotch 
family to be found in the several works which treat 
of them, but will give the sul)stance of all the more 
imijortant items of information, leaving those who 
care to do so to consult tlie authorities cited for a 
more thoroujih in\-estigation of The subject.^ 
That the family now under consideration, whose 
members are scattered all over the I'nion, are de- 
scended from the Highland Clan above mentioned, 
does not seem to admit of a serious doubt. Such 
facts as have been ascertained all point clearly to 
this conclusion, and we know of nothing to militate 
against it. .Vmong the numerous islands A\hich lie 
just off the western coast of Scotland, and which 
in olden days were dominated by the Lords of the 
Isles (from the iL'th to the IGth century), is one 
known as Colonsay, pertaining to Argyleshire. It 
is only about fifty miles northwest of the city of 
(llasgow. This island was the possession and 
home of the McAfee Clan for some centuries, but 
they ceased to own it after the year Kit."), when 
their chieftain, Malcolm ^IcAfee. was cruelly slaiu 
and their clan dissolved. A\'lieu this calaniit,v over- 
took them they were noi only dispossessed of their 
original inheritance, but the Clan, as such, ceased 
to have a sejiarate existence. The majority of its 
iiieiiilieis joined the .MacDonald Clan of Islay; 
others settled amonii the Camerons, under Lochiel, 
where they became distinguished for their bravery; 
others chose homes for themselves around both 
entrances to the Firth of Clvde: whilst still others 



crossed the chaiinil and sell led in tlu^ north of Ire- 
land.' In 1745, at the Battle of Culloden, the Cam- 
erons (with whom ]iian\' of the McAfees were 
joined), were one of tlie few clans who made that 
furious onset whicli nearly annihilated the left 
wing of the Duke of Cumberland's army, and al- 
most led to a brilliant victor3^ In this contest the 
Camerons suffered severely in slain and wounded, 
and \\'ith them a ijroportionate number of the Mc- 
Afees. In that battle there was a wall which pro- 
tected the Hank of the Highlanders' army, and 
through this wall the dragoons of the enemy at- 
tempted to force their way. One Duncan McAfee, 
a foot-soldier, was one of the heroic little band of 
Highlanders who took part in the vain attempt to 
prevent this; and in the course of the conflict he 
struck down, with his broad-sword, not only a dra- 
goon, but also the horse on which he rode; but be- 
fore Duncan could disengage himself from the 
fallen slccd, he received a terrible kick friHu tlie 
wounded animal \\hleh broke his back. Next day 
he was carried from the field, and he recovered ; but 
all the rest of his days he had to walk with the aid 
of a stick, his body bent almost to the ground. The 
old soldier usetl to say, in recounting the adventure, 
"She was a sore morning fur me, but I made a 
Southern tak a sleep it wcnild be lang "ere he 
wakened frae." This famous battle (Culloden) 
was fought ^\ hen the JleAfees Ave now have to deal 
with were living in America; but we may rest as- 
sured they would know of the part their kith and 
kin took in it. And when, in ITT.j, James McAfee, 
Jr., and his brothers journeyed through the beauti- 
ful gap near what is now the town of Middlesboro, 
Ky., if he knew that Dr. Thomas Walker had named 
that gap, and the mountain range of which it is a 
depression, for that same "Bloody Duke" whom his 
McAfee kinsmen liad faced at Culloden only thirty 
years before, we may readily believe he would have 
said it was a shame to drop the beautiful Indian 
name AA'asioto so as to do honor to that of the Duke 
of Cumberland, whom he no donbt regarded as a 

At one end of the island of Colonsay there was 

a sort of valley, or little depression, extending 
across its width; and when the tide rose, the sea 
ran througli this depression, thereby separating the 
two parts and making two islands of the <me. This 
lower and smaller end was called Oronsay, and it 
became a historic burial-place of much celebrity. 
Many tomlis of McAfees were to be found there, and 
on them they figured as warriors and ecclesiastics. 
But there was another yet more famous isle only 
about eighteen miles to the northwest of Colonsay 
in which all McAfees should feel a tender interest, 
namely; lona. Here was located one of the most 
famous seats of piety and leai-ning to be found in 
tlie world in ancient times, and here was a Jioted 
burial-place to which the bodies of kings and 
princes were brought from afar for honored sepul- 
ture. In this world-renowned cemetery- reposes the 
body of Malcolm McAfee,^ the last chieftain of 
tlie McAfee Clan, slain in 1045. The spot was vis- 
ited by Pennant in 1772 (as quoted l»y Ian in his 
Costumes of the Clans ), and he describes in detail 
the caning and inscrii>tions on the tomb over the 
old chieftain's gi-ave. It presentc^d the eftigy of a 
warrior in high I'elief, armed with the great two- 
handed sword, and among the ornaments was the 
long fada. or galley, which is the invariable ensign 
of an insular or west Highland chief. The inscrip- 
tion ujion his tomb was as follows : "Hie jacet 3Ial- 
roltimhiis MaeDuffic (Ic Colonsaij." After his death 
the clan disintegrated, some of them uniting with 
tlie McDonalds of Islay, some joining the Camerons 
under Lochiel. others settling along the banks of 
tlie Clyde, and yet others emigrating to tlie north 
of Ireland. That the McAfees of the United States 
are lineal descendants of the men of this clan 
hardh' admits of a reasonable doubt. The John Me- 
nifee from M'hom most of the American 3IcAfees are 
known to have been derived was probably born 
about the very time the clan was deprived of its 
independence (1G45), and his home at the time of 
his migration to Ireland in 1672 was in the very 
part of Scotland in which some members of the 
scattered clan had settled some years before. It is 
extremely probable that his father was a member 

THE McAfees in gkhat kkitaix. 


of the chill wlieu Malcolm, its chieflaiu, was slain, 
and tiiat lie left Colonsay soon after tliat i-aliiinity 
occurred to find a new home liet.wccn (Jlasgow and 
Edinburgh, whence his son John migrated to Ire- 
laud in 1672. 

The armorial bearings of the branch of McAfees 
with which this volume has to do may be described 
as follows : Or ; a lion rampant, gailes, surmounted 
by a fesse; Azure. The Crest : a denii lion, rampant, 
gules; Motto, Pro Rcge. These insignia have been 
rej)roduced for this work. (Sec jtagc ir)2. ) The 
tartan of the clan, printed in colors, can lie seen in 
the Scottish Clans above quoted irom. 

The remotest member of the family to whom the 
Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri McAfees can 
trace back with absolute certainty is John McAfee, 
Sr. It is certainly known that he lived in Scotland 
from about the year 1645 to the year 1672, and that 
his home was probably located between the cities 
of Glasgow and Edinburgh. We know that he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Montgomery near Glasgow, and the 
time of his marriage was probably about the year 
1670. He lived in stormy and epoch-making times. 
When he was bom the great Westminster Assembly 
of Divines was sitting in London, the great Civil 
War was in progress, and Charles the First was 
nearing his bloody doom on the scaffold. He lived 
through the period of the Commonwealth, and the 
Protectorate of Cromwell ; saw the Restoration of 
Charles the Second ; and witnessed the fearful reac- 
tion which took place under his reign, for about 
seven years. In 1672, tempted by the offer of lib- 
eral grants of land in Ulster Province, in the north 
of Ireland, John McAfee departed from his native 
heather and made his way to Coimty Armagh, Ire- 
land. He was then about twenty-seven years old, 
and with him went, no doubt, his young wife, and 
perhaps a. wee bairn that had come to brighten their 
home. Some of the McAfees, we know, had pre- 
ceded him to Ulster some twenty-five years, about 
the time the McAfee clan had been dismembered, so 
that he no doubt liad kinsmen in the new land to 
which he migrated. He was now no longer merely 
Scotch, but Scotch-Irish. Of the genesis and char- 
acteristics of this sturdy race Mr. Fiske speaks so 

ciitcrtainingJy in liis"(>id N'irgiiiia aiul Her Ni'igli 
hors" that we .shall let iiini tell the story for th(> 
reader (see \'ol. 2, ]iages ;{!tl, el s('(|. i : "\Vhu were 
the people called by this rather awkward compound 
name. Scotch-Irish? The answer carries us back to 
the year 1611, w iicn James I. began peopling Ulster 
with colonists from Scotland and the north of Eng- 
land. The ])lan was to put into Ireland a- Protest- 
ant population that might ultimately outnumber 
the Catholics and become the controlling element in 
the country. The settlers were picked men and 
women of the most excellent sort. By the middle 
of the seventeenth centiiry there were 300,000 of 
them in Ulster. That province had been the most 
neglected part of the island, a wilderness of bogs 
and fens; they transformed it into a garden. They 
also establislied manufactures of woollens and 
linens which have ever since been famous through- 
out the world. By the beginning of the eighteenth 
century their numbers had risen to nearly a mil- 
lion. Their social condition was not that of peas- 
ants; they were intelligent yeomanrj- and artisans. 
In a document signed in 1718 by a miscellaneous 
group of 319 men, only thirteen made their mark, 
while 306 wrote their names in full. Nothing like 
that could have haiiiiened at that time in any other 
part of the British ]"]nipire, hardly even in New 
England. * * * Confusion of mind seems to 
lurk in any nomenclature which couples them with 
the true Irish. The antipathy between the Scotcii- 
Irish as a group and the true Irish as a group is 
perhaps Tinsui-passed for liitterness and intensity. 
* * * The term 'Scotch-Irish' may be defen- 
sible, provided we do not let it conceal the fact that 
the people to whom it applied are for the most part 
Lowland Scotch Presbyterians very slightly hiber- 
nicised in blood." 

When, in 1785, James II. ascended the throne of 
p]ngland and Iiegan to lay the hand of persecution 
upon the Covenanters and other Protestants of 
Scotland, a great many of the connections and for- 
mer neighbors of John McAfee followed him to Ire- 
land, among '\\1iohi were the Campbells, the Mont- 
gomerjs, the McMichaels, and the McCouns. John 
McAfee had a son bearing his own name, whom we 
must distinguish as John, Jr., and it is probable 


this .>()n wax Imrii alKint (In' iinu' liis jiarunts lui wliicli a( ilial time pi-cvaiU'd in I'lsler, it is reasou- 
grated to Ulster, say 1(573. \\C know that both iie ably certain that tliey had iniuh to do with the 
aud his father enlisted iu the army of Kiug- William migratiou of James McAfee, Wr., aud family to 
(hiring the IJevolutiou of 1088, ami that both fought Ameriea. The treatment bestowed upon the people 
under \\'illiam in IWX) at the Battle of the Boyne, of Ulster by the English from about 1C)1I8 on 
the son being at thai time a vdnlli not over seven- llirough nearly a hundred years is one of tlie dark- 
teen years of ag(>. In after limes James .AIcAfee, est blots upon tJie eseuteheon of tiiat great nation, 
the son of John, Jr., was wont to boast of the valor The ►Scotch liad migrated to Ulster at the urgent 
of his Protestant sire, and to glory in the fact that solicitation of the English themselves, and had 
lie was at tlie Boyne lighting on the right side, made the wilderness to blossom as the rose; but 
Concerning the life of John .McAfee, Sr., in Ireland, tliat very prosperity which was the just reward of 
and the date of his death, we know next to nothing. the industry and .skill of the Scotch-Irish aroused 
As to JoJin McAfee, Jr., it seems reasonably cer- the jealousy and spite of Englisli manufacturers 
lain, as liefore intimated, that lie was l)orn about and of the bigoted prelates of the Englisli ("liurch. 
Kilo, tile year his parents migrated to Ireland. AVe Let the scholarly Mr. Fiske be again asked to en- 
know, as just stated, that when a boy of about sev- lighten us concerning matters in which the descend- 
enteeu years hi' was in tlie I'.altU' of tlie Boyne ants (sf Janu'S ^McA fee are so much interested. (See 
under King William. We also know tlmt he after- Vol. 2, page 393. ) "The flourishing manufacturers 
wards married a Miss .Mary Ito.lgers. Tlie date of of Ul.ster aroused the jealousy of rival manu- 
liis marriage to .Miss Kodgers cannot be jiositively factunis in England, who in 1(>!»8 succeciled in 
stated, but as their second child, James, was born obtaining legislation which seriously damaged the 
in 1707, it may be inferred that the marriage oc- Irish linen and woollen industries and threw many 
curred after the .\('ar 17UU, when John, Jr., was workmen out of employment. About the same time 
about thirty years old. We know that he erected on it became apparent that an epidemic fever of perse- 
his farm in County Armagh a, stone dwelling-house, cution had seized upon tlie English Chui'cJi. Tlie 
which was yet standing in the year 184(;. ilis death same persecuting spirit which we have above wit- 
occurred in 1738, at which lime lie was a man of nessed * * * found also a vent in the severe 
about sixty-five, and his wife Mary survived him. disabilities inflicted in 1704 and follow ing years 
They had four sons and six daughters. The names ujton Presbyterians in Irelaml. Tiiey were forbid- 
of the sons were as follows : John 3d ; James ; Mai- den to keep schools ; nuirriages performed by their 
colm; and ^Villiam. The names of the daugliters clergy were declared invalid ; they were not allowed 
ai-e nol known. So far as known, all (d' tlie sons to iiold any office higher tlnin that of petty con- 
excepl .fames remained in Ireland, and I here were stable, and so on throngh a long list of sillv and 
descendants of John McAfee living in County outrageous enactments. For a few rears this 
Armagh as late as 184(). tyranny was endured in the hope that it was but 
•John :\[cAfee, Jr., who died in 1738, left an estate temporary. By 1719 this hope had worn away, and 
too small to provide a competency for all of his ten from that year, until the passage of the Toleration 
children, and his sou James concluded to seek his Act for Ireland in 1782, the people of Ulster kept 
fortune in the New World beyond the Atlantic. flocking to America." 

James McAfee was born in County Armagh October It is known that James ^JcAfee, Sr., took ship at 

17, 1707. In 1735 he married Miss Jane McMich- Belfast, in the spring of 1739, for North America, 

ael, and in 1736 their flrst child, James McAfee, and with him went his wife, his aged and widowed 

Jr., was born. Whilst General E. B. McAfee makes mother, and his three little baby boys, namely: 

no mention of the social and political conditions James, Jr., bom in 1736; John, Avho lived to mature 



years, and who, as we shall see later on, met his little body in its wiudinj;- siieet down to old ocean's 
death at the hands of savages in Virginia ; and little bosom, where, in an instant, it disappeared from 
Malcolm, a babe of but a few montiis, who was their sight to be seen no more till eartli and sea 
destined to die and be bulled at sea dining the voy- shall give up Ihcir dead al Ihcend of liie world, 
age to America. James McAfee, Sr., liicc his fatlier It was, indeed, ji sad iiilidiliiei ion lo Amei-iea; Iml 
before him, had named a son Malcdlm. ^^ liilst it is these parents had been reared in gnud I'resliyteriaii 
only a conjecture, it is certainly not an unreason- homes and had learned ilial (!(iil makes no mis- 
able one, that this was done expressly to perpetuate takes, and that goodness and meiey shall fulbiw 
the name of that Highland chief, whose death in his people all ilie days of their lives, and thai iiiey 
1(545 had marked the dismemberment of tlie ^IcAfee shall dwell in bis hnuse lureve:'. The gnod ship 
Clan. r>iit the little namesake of the chieftain was sailed on to the westward, .ind in a ilay nv two more 
not jiermitted to live to manhood. On the way the Delaware cdast began In mark a dim dutline 
over he was taken ill, and when within only a few along the liori/,(in ; the enhance to Delaware liay, 
days of the American coast lie died. And tlie par- with its two capes standing guard, came into view, 
ents, the aged grandmotlier, and the (wo wonder- and soon they cann' lo anchor at Xewcastle, June 
ing little infant sons no doubt stood uneo\ci-ed on 1(1, IT:!!). They were in .Vnn-riea, and done with 
the deck wliile tlie stnrdv sailors lowered the tinv Great Britain for life. 


We need not assume that when James McAfee 
and family stepped ashore at Newcastle that sum- 
mer's day, in June, 1739, they had no ac(]uaint- 
ances in America. Besides, 110 doubt, a goodly 
company of fellow-passengers whom they had come 
to know on the voyage, there were probably many 
Scotch-Irish friends on this side the sea who had 
preceded them. We must bear in mind that it was 
linn alKMil forty years since the tide of emigra- 
tion from I'lster to the .Vmerican colonies hail set 
in. That movement was one of the umst remark- 
able phenomena in the history of this continent. 
Frinn the year 1698, when the selfish rivalry of 
English manufacturers, coupled with the persecut- 
ing bigotry of English prelates, began to make 
residence in Ireland int(derable to Presliyterians, 
on to the passage of the Toleratiiui Act for Tri'land 
in 1782, that tide ceased not to flow. It began to 
assume large proportions in 1719. In the year 
1727, in a single week, six ship loads of immi- 
grants were lauded at Philadelphia. Fiske gives it 
as his opinion (Vol. 2, page 394) that between 1730 

and 1770 at least a h.'ill' million souls were trans- 
ferred from Ulster to America, at which last- 
named date one-third of I he population of reiiii- 
sylvania, and one-sixth of that of the colonies as a 
whole, was Scotch-Irish. S(i, we may well believe 
the McAfee familv wire not total stiangeis in the 
new world. Still, the conditions which now con- 
fronted them were strange, and some of them far 
fr(;in pleasing. From Mhat General McAfee says 
we necessarily infer that boih James and wife iiad 
learned the trade of weaving in tlie old country; 
and as they had but a small amount of money, they 
wisely laid that aside for the purchase of a farm a 
little later on, and in the meanwhile employed 
their time at weaving. Euglaud, in iier harsh treat- 
ment of these Scotch-Trish people, just as France 
had done in her crmdiy lo the Huguenots, followed 
a policy which was not only unchristian but exceed- 
ing costly. She thereby drove out from her do- 
minion hundreds of thousands of her sturdiest, 
most industrious and most conscientious citizens, 
and Iherebv bellied to make of llieiii, and tlieir sons, 



the most iuviucible foes she had to reckon with in peace-lovinc: i'enii would afford a sure asylum for 
the American EeA^olutiou. This same James Mo- all who feared God and sought to live in peace and 
Afee, Sr., sent into the Continental army several of cliarity with their neitihbors; but even in that col- 
his ffallant sons a generation later. ony ilicy were suun made to realize that "Old 
The family only lingered a few months on the A(hiiu" liad not been altogether left behind in Great 
Delaware; the cdlony of rciiiisylvania was their lirilain. It seems tliat the original setthTs of llie, 
deslinatioii. and in llie fall of that year, 173!), they colony, w ho at lirst were eager to induce llie Scotch- 
purcliased a farm in wliat is now Lancaster Irish to settle among them, especially on their 
County, I'enusylvania, on ( )ct()raro Creek. When western frontiei'. liegan to grow somewliat jealous 
William IVnu secured the royal grant of the ter- of their presence when they saw tliem coming to the 
ritory wliich afterwards came to be called by his front as successful fanners and artisans. The re- 
name, he anm)nnced to the world tliat it was his suit was that in time tlu'se original settlers, still in 
]nir]iose here to "try the holy exjieriment of a free the ascendant in public affairs, induced the pro- 
colonv for all mankind;'' and no donlit the hope i)rietary government to enact various reslrictive 
of sharing the benefits of that experiment fired the measures intended to curb the power and influence 
zeal of .Tames ^McAfee, and made him glad to risk of the more recent comers. Thus the Hcotcli-Ti-ish 
the hardships incident to starting life in a new people found themselves again hampered and 
country. So with determination he set about clear- annoyed in some measure as they had been in 
ing liis land, building a house and ])reparing for T'Ister. Then the depredations of Indians, insti- 
the raising of a crop. Here he lived a number of gated by the French, began, about tlie year 1744, to 
years, and here several of his children were born, nmke life in tlie colony uncomfortable. In that 
General McAfee tells us that the family, after liv- year England and France were at war, and the 
ing on the Octoraro for some years, moved out into Indians \\cre allies of the French. The northwest 
the western part of the colony where they remained corner of tlu' colony liordered Lake Erie, which the 
lint one year, and tlial llien ihey moved, Frencli conii'olled, and the Frencli military posts 
in 17.">3, down into ilie colony of North Caro- in A\'esleiii i'ennsylvania tlireatened to confine tlie 
lina, near the line of South Carolina. Here, colonists to the eastern slope of the Allegheuies, if 
General McAfee thinks, they remained scarce two not to drive them entirely off the continent. Tiie 
years, when, turning their faces again northward, ]iredominance of (Quakers in the colonial assendily, 
they journeyed into Virginia, ami settled on with their theory of non-resistance to enemies, had 
Catawba Creek, in Avhat is now Roanoke Coiinty, left the ]ieo])le without means of public defence; 
Virginia. This makes the settlement of the IMc- and it was ]irob;ibly not until after the ^[cAfee 
Afees in Virginia to have been eftVcted not earlier family liad ai ranged to migiate to the southward, 
than the year 1755. That tliis is an error of seven that any steps were taken to raise a military force, 
or eight years seems to be clearly proven by the The culmination of these troubles occurred about 
court records of Augusta County, Virginia. The 174(">, which was the very year in which we liave 
fact is, James McAfee was a citizen of that county solid reasons for believing -James [McAfee took his 
as early as Fel)rnary, 1748. This point will re- departure froui ihat c(dony to find a new home in 
ceive attention presently; meanwliile, let ns con- tiie country to the southward. Tlien, fnrtliermore, 
sider the probable reasons wliich constrained James the shrewd and p(ditic Governor Gooch, of Vir- 
McAfee to abandon Pennsylvania and settle in Vir- ginia, thoroiighly appreciating the great import- 
ginia. Driven from Ireland largely by the narrow- auce of peopling the great Valley with a sturdy, in- 
ness and selfishness of the dominant elements there, dustrious and law-abiding race of nuui like tlu' 
the McAfees had supposed that the colony of the Scotch-Irish, offered special inducements to all of 



them who should take up lauds iu that then very 
sparsely-settled but splendid region. Governor 
Gooch was no admirer of the faith of the Presby- 
terians, but he was anxious to interpose them as a 
sort of buffer between the older settlements and the 
Indians 6n his western border. It is easy to under- 
stand, therefore, that the McAfees and hundreds of 
other families wei'e in the course of years induced 
to exchange Pennsylvania for Virginia. This 
movement really led, in time, not merely to filling 
the great Valley with Presbyterians, who (Idininate 
that entire region to this day, but also to a. pretty 
complete transformation of Virginia as a whole, so 
that what was once an overwhelmingly anti-Puri- 
tan community, ruled by people warmly devoted to 
mouarcliical ideals, came to be the very cradle of 
republicanism and democratic equality. (See 
Fiske. Volume 2, pages 395-7. ) 

Of course it is not a vital matter whether the 
McAfees settled on the Gatawba, in Virginia, in 
1755, or seven or eight years earlier; and yet it is 
a matter of considerable interest. The earlier date 
(1747-48) reveals to us, as the later date would not, 
the daring, adventurous character of James Mc- 
Afee, Sr., and ])lac('s liim among the earliest pio- 
neers of that portion of Virginia in which he settled. 
The records of Augusta County, Virginia, show that 
one Robert Poage conveyed to James McAfee 300 
aeres of land on Catapas Creek at a place desig- 
nated as "Indian Camp," February 17, 1748, and 
James McAfee is therein referred to as a farmer 
and a citizen of Augiista County. That place is 
located in what is now Roanoke County, Virginia, 
thirteen miles northwest of the city of Roanoke. 
This farm is only tweuty-flve miles northeast of 
New River at the big bend near Blacksburg, and 
only eighteen miles from the famous Draper's 
Meadows Settlement, at which occurred, in 1755, 
one of the most horrilile Indian massacres ever per- 
petrated in Virginia. That settlement at Drapers 
Meadows was itself effected the same year in which 
James McAfee bought the Indian Camp farm. The 
deed to McAfee says Augusta Couniy, Virginia, 
was liis ])lace of residence at the dale of llie execu- 

tion of the deed. (See Augusta. County Records, 
Deed Book 2, page 103. ) Nor is this all. The same 
records show that in tlie year 1703 James ^IcAfee, 
Sr., conveys to his son George 190 acres of land on 
Catawba Creek which is described as ])art of a 
tract of 300 acres which .lames iiad ]>a1(Mited De- 
cember 15, 1749. The remaining 110 acres of that 
tract he deeds, the same day, in his son James, Jr. 
These deeds seem (o .settle it iliat James ilcAfee 
was a citizen (it I hat region as early as 1748. 
Augusta County in ihai early (hiy iiicliuhd within 
its bounds a little eiii|)ire, nameh': A large pail nf 
what is now Virginia ; most of which is now ^\'est 
Virginia; and (lie Avlioh" of what is now Kentucky. 
In 17G9 the county of Botetourt was carved out of 
Augusta, and was made to include all but the por- 
tion of the territory of Augusta lying in the Valley 
north of the James River. Thus we must regard the 
McAfees as among the very first wiiite people to 
settle near Ncav River, which was then the extreme 
south-western and north-western boundary of civili- 
zation. How General R. B. ]McAfee came to aftirm 
that his grandfather did not leave Pennsylvania till 
1753, and did not settle in Virginia till 1755 we can 
never know; but whatever may be conjectured in 
regard to the matter, we are not warranted in 
ignoring the official written records of Augusta 
County; and hence are shut up to the conclusion 
that James McAfee, Sr., was a citizen of some part 
of Augusta County in February, 1748. 

In November. 1771, James McAfee, Sr., joined 
his son George and wife, and his son Robert and 
wife, in executing a deed for the Indian Camp 
farm to Archibald '\\'oods, after which date he 
seems to have made his home at a farm lie owned 
four miles down Catawba Creek. This farm had on 
it an old Indian fort in ancient times, and was only 
about one hundi-ed yards north-east of the long- 
famous resort called the Roanoke Red Sulphur 
Springs. Both these farms are immediately on the 
public road leading from Fincastle to Blacksburg. 
The highest mountain peak within twenty miles of 
these farms is one km (\M I on all llu^ maps as McAfee 
Knob, thehigbesl pniiU o( wiiich is 3,201 feel above 

1.20I Feet Above Sea Level. 





sea level, and is the most prominent landmark in 
that vicinity. A few miles to the west of the farm 
at the Red Sulphur Springs is a gap in Brushy 
Mountain known as McAfee's Gap, and through it 
runs a stream called McAfee'a Branch. This 
whole neighborhood, therefore, is very completely 
identified with the McAfees, whose homes were in 
close proximity to these several localities from 1748 
onward to the migration of most of the family to 
Kentucky in 1771), and the death of James McAfee, 
Sr., in the neighborhood in 1785. In both the deeds 
made by James McAfee, Sr., to liis sous in 1763 we 
find the witnesses were Robert Breckinridge, Wil- 
liam Preston, and John Miller. 

In the two deeds James McAfee, Sr., made to his 
sons in 17G3, the name of his wife does not appear. 
In one he made in March, 1767, to one Archibald 
Fisher, conveying 150 acres on Catawba Creek, his 
wife signs as "Jannet." The witnesses were Rob- 
ert and Lettuce Breckinridge, James Curry, Wm. 
Fleming, and Andrew Woods, all no doubt neigh- 
bors and friends — a "neighbor" in that day may 
have meant a man who lived twenty miles away. 

The life of the McAfees on Catawba Creek was, 
of necessity, a frontier life; for Indian depredations 
did not linally cease along the New River and its 
tributaries till the close of the eighteenth century, 
lasting as long as they did in Kentucky. As late as 
1768 John McAfee, second son of James, Sr.. wai 
killed by Indians somewhere on Reed Creek not 
far from where it empties into the New River in 
Wythe County. A careful study of the map in this 
volume entitled "The Parting of the Ways," will 
reveal the historic interest which the neighborhood 
of the McAfees possesses. At no other spot in the 
whole South was there ever such a remarkable con- 
vergence of important highways prior to the days 
of railroads. The focus of all these roads was the 

parties pidcnrcd sii])plies. The home of James Mc- 
Afee, Sr., was right on tlieWildernessRoad leading 
north 1o I'liihidcljihia and south-west to the Hol- 
stou, till' (,'liucli. East Tennessee and Cumberland 
Txa]). and I he IMcAfce boys were from childhood ac- 
customed lo meet willi (he early ('.\])lorci's, hunters, 
and traders, and necessarily becaiiic thoroughly 
imbued with the spirit of adventur(^ and versed in 
all the employments of men on the frontier. Be- 
sides this, they were all reared in the midst of con- 
ditions so primitive and strenuous that they were 
early inured to every form of hardship and danger. 
They learned all the tricks and habits of both wild 
beasts and savages, and lived habitually accus- 
tomed to the use of the rifle and the hunting knife. 
The eldest son in the family, James, .Jr., was a 
youth of nineteen when, in 1755, the Indians sud- 
denly fell upon Draper's Meadows and either killed, 
wounded or carried away into captivity, every man. 
woman and child that was there the day tliey made 
their deadly attack. There were a few Presby- 
terian churches scattered through the Valley of 
Virginia in those early days, and no doubt the Mc- 
Afees, who were Pi'esbyterians, attended religious 
worship occasionally, but such privileges were by 
no means cnnimon. and it is almost certain that the 
spiritual interests of the i)eople suffered in conse- 

James McAfee, Sr., was a large, squarely built 
man, six feet high, with large bones, strong pas- 
sions, and great decision of character. He had 
large hazel eyes. "SMien aroused he was ready for 
any entei'prise, and shrank not from danger. Nev- 
ertheless, he was amenable to reason, and could be 
ruled by gentleness and love. His wife, Jane ilc- 
Michael, whom he called "Jinny," was a woman 
above the average size, tall and dignified. In a deed 
executed in 1767 she joins ln-r husband, signing her 

supply store at Draper's Meadows, twenty-five name as Jannet. She had a remarkably fine face, 

miles south-west of James McAfee's home on the 
Catawba. Here most of the early explorers and 
hunters bound for the Kentucky wilderness ren- 
dezvoused. Here Dr. Walker, Col. Gist, Daniel 
Boone and many of the early exploring and hunting 

and a prominent forehead. Her eyes were dark 
gray in color, and her hair black. Iler expression 
combined decision with mildness and conciliation. 
When her husband would become aroused and 
angrv she knew how to calm and silence him by 



lier geutle and persuasive iiiaiiiici'. On one occasion 
when (leorjiv Wliiiclitid was on one of his preach- 
inii' tours in Anu'rica, and atrracdn.ii vast multi- 
tudes to liis lueetiugs, xMrs. McAfee expressed a de- 
sire to hear liiin. Her husband, wlu) was a rather 
rigid and souu'what narrow Seeeilei-, liad no lik- 
ing for Whitefield's new iiieiiidds, and was not only 
unwilling lo go to llie services of llie el(M|Ucnt ev'an- 
gelisl himself, hul foi-hade his wife's attending. 
On observing, however, I ha I she was disappointed 
and hurt at liis refusal, he reh'uted aud said to her: 
"Well, Jinny, you eau hear him if y<iu want to, but 
don't let iiim cduie about me." His five sous and 
their families and a goodly company of the family's 
(•onne(ii(uis got i-eady in the fall of 177!) to migrate 
to Kentucky aud there make a new start in life, and 
the only prominent members of the family who did 
not join that caravan of emigrants were James Mc- 
Afee, Sr., himself, and Mary, his son James's 
daughter, wife of David ^Voods. His wife had re- 
scdved to accompany her childi-eu lo tlie lovely wil- 
derness beyond the western mountains, but for 
some cause he was lo remain in Uotetouri. He was 
now seventy-two years old, and she was perhaps 
nearly seventy. The way to Kenlucky lay along the 
Wilderness Road. It was not a wagon-road they 
had to travel. Imi a mere i)ridle-]iatli. most of the 
way. It was a t<'dious journey of more than forty 
days on pack-luuses, aud not an undertaking for 
people who had passed three score years ami ten, 
but Jane McAfee nuule it with her children and 
graiuli-hildreu, leaxing her iiusliand in N'irginia 
w ith the almost certain prospect of never meeting 
him again on eai'th. Such an episode in the life of 
a couple who had walked together as husband and 
wife for forty-four years aud reared a large family 
of children, and who had seen their children's 
children around them seems to call for e.xplanation. 
We may well believe General R. B. McAfee knew 
other reasons than those he mentions. He refers to 
t he (dd nmn's age aud the difticnlties of the journey, 
but does not explain how it was these could not 
deter the elder Mrs. jMcAfee from going. The fam- 
ily, however, made ample provision for the old gen- 

tleman's comfort, le;i\iug him uiidei- the care of a 
Mr. M(mtgomery, who was a relative, and a Mr. 
.McDonald. The father of the .McAfees remained in 
N'irginia and ihere he died in 178"), aged seventy- 
eight. \'ie\\ it as we may, there is something 
strange and sad about so unusual a separation as 
this must have been. In 1783 the (dd man's son, 
l>(diert, showed a filial iiiieresi in his fallier by 
making the long and dangei'ous trip lo \irgiuia to 
see him once nujre, and totdc with him presents and 
loving messages from the other children. Soon 
after Robert got back to Kentucky his mother died 
(1783). She had made her home partly v\ith her 
son Robert, aud partly with iier daughter ^Mary, 
who was now lixing with iier ( second I husband^ 
Mr. Thomas (Juant, at his home on Salt River out 
in the Mud Meeting House neighborhood, about 
three miles from Harrodsburg. »She was buried, as 
General R. B. IMcAfee particularly points out, on 
Mr. Guaut's farm, on a high hill, on the south-east 
side of Salt River, about half a mile south-west of 
the mouth of Dry Fork. (See mai) of Mercer 
County in this volume on which her grave is indi- 
cated. ) 

Ghildren of James McAfee, Si;., and Ja.xe Mc- 


A— JAMES McAFEE, JR., who was born in Ire- 
land in 173(j, came to America with his' parents in 
1739; married Agnes Clark about the year 1758; 
settled with his family on »Salt River, Mercer 
County, Kentucky, in 1770, am] there died in 1811. 

B.— JOHN :\IcAin':E, who was born in Ireland 
in 1737, migrated to America with his parents in 
1739 ; and was slain by Indians on Reed Creek, near 
New River, in what is now NN'ythe County, A^ir- 
ginia, in 17G8. 

C.— MALCOLM McAFEE, who was horn in Ire- 
land in 173S or 1739, was probably named for his 
ancestor, .Mabcdm McAfee, the last chieftain of 
the McAfee Clan, anct*who died in June, 1739, on 
board the ship in which his parents came to Amer- 
ica, and was buried at sea. 

D.— GEORGE McAFEE, who was l)orn in Peini- 



sylvauia in 1740, inove<l to Catawba Creek, Vir- 
ginia, with his parents in 1748; married Susan Cnr 
ry some time prior to 1770; moved with his family 
to Salt River, Mercer County, Kentucky, in 177!), 
where he died in 1803. His body was the first one 
to be buried in New Providence Cemetery. 

E.— MAKY McAFEE (The First), who was 
probaljly l)orn in I'eunsylvania about the year 1742, 
came to Catawba Creek with her parents in 1748; 
married, first, a ^Iv. John Poulson, and, later, a 
Mr. Thomas Gaunt (or Guant, or Grant) ; and at 
whose home on Salt River, three miles south-west 
of Harrodsburg, occurred the death of Mrs. Jane 
McAfee, the iikhIh r of llic .McAfee pioneers. 

F.— ROBERT .McAFEE. who was born in Penn- 
sylvania in 1745, moved with his parents to Cataw- 
ba Creek, Virginia, in 1748; married Anne Mc- 
Coun in 17(Ki; moved with his family to Salt 
River, Mercer County, Kentucky, in 177!t; and was 
murdered in New Orleans in 1795. 

G.— MARGARET McAFEE, who was probably 
born in Pennsylvania about the year 174(5-7; 
moved w\U\ her ^larents to Catawba Creek, Vir- 

ginia, in 174S; mariicil George Buchanan, and 
moved wilb lici- imsbanii In Salt River, Mercer 
< 'ounty, Jvenlucky, about ITsl. where slie s))ent tVie 
remainder of her life. 

H.— SA:\rUEL McAFEE. w Im was born in the 
year 1748, ami prohalily on Catawlia Creek, Vir- 
ginia ; iiiai-i-ieil Hannah Aic* 'nniiick alumt 1774; 
inoM'd lo Salt IJixii', Kentucky, in 177!t; and ilied 
Ihei'c in 180J. 

J.— AN'ILLIAM McAFEE, \\ Inj was probably 
born on Catawba, (/reek, Virginia, about 1750; mar- 
ried Rebecca Curry probably about 1774 ; moved to 
Salt River, Kentucky, in 1779; and died in 1780 
from the effect of wounds lu' received wliile fighting 
Indians at Piqua, Ohio, he being at the time the 
captain of a company of Kentucky Cavah^y under 
General George Rogers Clark. 

K. — There Avas another daughter born to James 
McAfee, Sr., and his wife Jane, but the a\ riter could 
learn nothing of lu-r iiistory. 

Fuller details concerning each of the above-men- 
ti(med children of James McAfee, Sr., will be 
found in ('hapter A', of Part II of this volume. 



"The roots of the present lie deep in the past, and 
nothing in the past can be dead to the man who 
would learn how liie present came to be what it is." 

J'l-of. Sliihh.^. O.rford. Kiif/hiiid. 

The Kentucky of to-day has had a genesis pecu- 
liaidy its own; and in order to understand what it 
is at the present time, we must go back at least a 
liundred and fifty years. J^ike nearly every other 
kind of growth, it has had its day of humble be- 
ginnings; and if we would appreciate the results 
of a century and a half of development, we must 
scrutinize the conduct and motives of the sturdy 
pioneers who laid the foundations of its life. Very 
few, if any, of the men who had most to do with 

inaugurating the mo\ement which issued in the 
creation of the splendid commonwealth we behold 
to-day, possessed much of either learning or wealth. 
But many of them were genuine heroes, neA'erthe- 
less, and rendered a noble service to mankind. 
They may have builded far wiser tlian they knew, 
or even dreamed, and yet their debtors we are, be- 
cause we, without them, could not have been made 
perfect. Those sturdy, adventurous pioneers 
labored, and we have entered into their labors. The 
lieritage in which Kenluckians of the twentieth 
century take pride is so largelj' the creation of the 
men of the eighteenth that we are in honor bound 
lo do them reverence. 



The lnnl\ 111' MICH known in Kentucky liistory as ndvcninrous ydunu men who saw a i;rau<l oppor- 
tlic McAfee Conipauy' consisted of five iudivid- tunily for betterinp; flieir condition in life. From 
nals, lo w ii : .lanu'S McAfee, .Ir.. liic eldest member w liai (Jeneral R. B. .Mc.V fee says it is ncarl.v cc i-lain 

tlie McAfees had conversed witli Daniel Uooue in 
1772, or at least Avitli men who had i;otten informa- 
tion direct from him. WC know ihc .Mc.Vfees had 
all their plans laid for a tonr to Kentncky liy the 
time the year 1773 had opened. The road wiiicli 
IJoone wonld naturally tra\"el fidin Kentncky hack 
to his home on tlie Yadkin in \oitIi ('ai(dina. 

of tlie coiiipaay, and its recognized leader; George 
and l.'oliei-l .\lc.Vfee. the younger bi'others of the 
leader; .lames .McCoun. .Jr., the brother of Robert 
.Mc.Vfee's wife: and Samuel Adams. At the date 
oi' tlie tour these men made to Kentncky all of 
them excejit .\dams were married men. -lames .Mc- 
Afee was iliirty-se\cn years old, George was thirty- 

hree. K(ih<'rt was twenty-eight, McCouu was about jiassed Di-aper's Meadows. 

The men of this company were admirably adapt- 
ed by character and training to just sucii a haz- 
ardous enterprise. IJeared on the frontier, they 
iiad all theii- li\i s lieen accustomed to dealing with 
w ild beasts and Indians, as well as all the sterner 


I he age of ilohei I .McAfee, and Adams was but uine- 
ii en. The achieveiuents of tliis company have been 
jut'lty fully lecouuted in all the ukuc comprehen- 
sive histories of Kentticky. such as those of Mar- 
sliall, Rutler. ('olliiis and Smitii. And m(ue or 
less elaborate mention has heen made of them in a forces of nature. They were perfectly familiar with 
great many other historical works, the latest of all the arts of wood craft, and were hy no means 
which is the "Winning of the West," by President novices in any department of adventure they were 
Roosevelt. The bonus of these five men were in likely to have to deal w itii on a t(mr sucli as that 
what was then Hotetourt County. N'irgiuia, on Ca- "M wliicji they w i le about io eudiark. Certain it 
law ba and Sinking ("reeks. Tiie home of the elder "as that for that e.\|ie(lition •'no tetideifoot need 
.lames .Mc.Mee, the father of hve sous who took an ajiply." It is clear from all the records we have 

active pari in the early settlemeni of Kentucky, 
was, in 177;>, (ui (Jatawba Creek, aliont twelve miles 
north-west of Roanoke City, and within sight of the 
well-kuown summer resort, the Ifoanoke iJed S\il- 
|ihuf Springs, The noted Ingles Ferry, at wliich 
must ti-a\'ellers crossed Xew IJi\er on their wa\' to 

of the doings of these men that, from the first in- 
ci'])tion of their undertaking at the close of the j'ear 
ITTl' on to the day of tiudr safe arrival at home at 

1 1 ud of summer, the year following, theirs was a 

perfectly inde]pendeni and autonomous bod\. Tlie\" 
were never amalgamated with, or in an\ wav sub- 

the south-west, was only thirty-tive miles distant, J''''t to, any other company of ex])lorers, ihongh for 

(ui an air line, from the old .Mc.U'ee homestead. " «fftsou they were associated with several (jther 

Wliat was called the Draper's Meadows Settlement, '-"inpanies on the Ohio K'iver for the mutual jirotec- 

uow the site of the town of Blacksburg, Virginia, ''"" •'i"*l convenience of all eotieerned, while acci- 

aiLd at whieh point was located, from 171?> onward, <lenta]ly throw u together. I'rom iIh' outset they 

a fa us supply st(n'e, was not more than twenty- lunl a very distiiu-t idea of their mode of jirocedure, 

<iue miles away. The region was very hilly and ami of the particiilai- region in which they wished 

broken. Lofty parallel ranges of numntains were to make their permanent home. 

l'il<''l lip ill cbise succession, one behind another. The condition of the region now composing the 

and theauKiUut of level and easily cultivated laud Commonwealth of Kentncky when visited by this 

was compaiativel,\ small. It is easy to understand company in tin- summer of 1773 shouhl lie regarded 

how the glowing accounts of the splendi<l wilder- for a moment before we attempt to follow them on 

uess beyond tlie moantains, given by iloone and their tonr. To-day tliis region lias a pernuiuent 

other hunters on their return honu' from that region I'esident population <if more than two million souls; 

about 1771-::, should have tired the imaginations of at that date it did not have a single one. Indian 

Toui; OF THE McAfees to Kentucky. i65 

tribes, wliosc lidiiies were td ihv noi-tli or the soiilli nianli ,,\' iiniiiic « est wiiiil, niul iiieaut to he in the 

of its borders, often huuted in ils majestic forests, vaui^uard of tliose civiliziii- ajieiicies w liicli were to 

or marclied across its territory, ; but wlieii tlie Me redeem flic w ihb'niess and make of il a fniitful 

A fees entered Kentucky it is almost cei-lain tliere field and ihc I ■ of a Chrisiian |i(ii|dc. Wliat 

was not one liuiiiau helm;' actually residing lliere. Kentucky nccihMl Mien was sohci-. indnslrious. 

In our day tens of thousands of ]inblic roads con- moral men wiih families -men wiin slionld iirini;' 

nect every viJlaui' and neijjhborliood in the State, with liiem nm only the linni in-knilV and ilie rith', 

many of which are p.raded and macadamized; in but tlu^ im])lemeMts of peaceful and bcneliccnt in- 

that day there was not one mile of I'oail in tlie dustry. and, aliove all, the school and Ilic cliurcli. 

entire region save the trails and i)aths made by wild To this class the .McAfees ami their assni'iates be- 

animals or savaiics in rovini;- over the land. There lonjied. That this was tlieii- iiim, which ilicy lived 

are now fourleen million acres of ihe soil of the to see realized, is seen in i he <iiniiiiuiiii \ which ihev 

State under aclual cultivation as farms and nar- established on Salt i:i\cr in what is now Mercer 

dens, yieldiuii every yeai- a vast variety of ai;ricul- County, and wliicli. afici- ciue Imndred and tliiitv 

tural ])roducts Avorth more than one hundred and years, is tilled with llicir descendants; wliilsl liun- 

tifty millions of dollars ; at tlial day ihere was ]U'ob- dreds id' tJiem lia\"e ^one t() Ihe wesi and north west 

ably not an acre of jiround in ((un. More than four and taken an honorable pari in the de\"elopmeni of 

hundred thousand dwellinti' houses dot the country tlie country. 

at tlie present time; in 1773 the only buildinris in It must have been ,iu alTectiui; scene that spi'in^ 

existence were some lousj-deserted houses on the morning — Monday, May 10, 177."> — when, ]irobal)lv 

banks of the Ohio opposite the mouth of the Scioto at the home of the ebler James McAfee, the five 

River, nnless we except one little eight by t\v(dve men of this company assend»led, on the Catawdia in 

cabin which Dr. Thomas Walker had erected on the Botetourt County, \'a., to take leave of their loved 

Cuudterland TJiver in ]~'ti). In sini]>le truth, Ken- ones on starting to tlu' west. No such farewell had 

tucky, in 1778, was but a sphuidid, uninhabited wil- ever been said tiiere before, we uuiy well lielieve. 

derness, along whose northern boiilers il few adven- Here were five choice young men about to make 

turous travellers had ])assed hurriedly in their their W"ay into an uid<nowu wilderness where for 

canoes, and into a portum of whose iidcrior some several months they would be exposed to uncommon 

explorers and hunters had gone only for a few hardshii^s and dangers, and wdiere in any hour of 

weeks to get a glimitse of the land, or to kill game, sore need their friends would be unable to reach 

with no thought of becoming actual seitlers. The them, or even to know of their |ieril. With the tive 

real work «( civilization had not been so much as members of tlie company were two other gallant 

be^afun. This was the Kentucky which, iu the spring young men who deserve to be remembered, namely : 

of 1773, the McAfees essayed to enter with the fixed Jolm ^McCouu, and James Pawling, whose humble 

purpose of effecting there a permaueni settlement y^t hazardims mission it was to accompany them 

for themsehcs, their wives and their children. for at least one hundred and si.xty-tive miles of the 

They caiiu' not as aimless adventurers, nor as hunt- "ay in order to bring liack ilie horses which would 

ers, nor as mere land siieculatiu's or agents of such. uo longer be needed by ihe com])any after they had 

They came as men who desii-ed to belter their con- reached the point on the Lower Kanawha, where 

dition in life, and to make honu's, and to take iiart they were to embark in c.iuoes. The bridle-trail 

iu lajdng the foundations of a gi'cat Commonwealth the party w eic lo na\cl down New Iliver was one 

west of the mountains, it is clear from General along Avhich Indians were woid to come from north 

McAfee's Anlobiogia]pliy that these imii had simie- of the Ohio at thai season of ihe year on their 

thing of the prophetic vision, and foi'esaw the mai'auding expeditions to the white settlements in 


Virginia;' and .yimug McCouii and rawiing would Uumk' of the elder James McAfee, and it was prob- 
need on tlu'ir rdiini home to travel that trail for a ably covered by the middle of the afternoon, allow- 
week or more by themselves, and cumbered with iii.ii' tlic men ample time before night for the laying 
perhaps five or six liorses. Then also there were in of such supplies as were needed for tlie long 
two of the jMcAfee broiliers, Samuel and William, journey. :N'o doubt next morning. 'I'nesday, May 
wJK) tliough n<il of llic cxiibn-ing parly, sliouhl be 1 Uli, they were ready by sunrise In lu-occed. Let 
considered as in a sense members, because their us picture tliem to our minds as they are about 
task was one w bicli was as essential to the under- ready to take tlie trail whieh b'd dnwu New River. 
lakJTiii as if they actually had gone along with the W'lnyt would we nol give now if a tirst-class photog- 
(ithers. Xdi all of the able-bodied men of the neigh- lapher's outtit had been possible then, and some 
borhood could safely leave home at any one time, one had taken a good view of the whole party in a 
for we must remember that the whole of the New group, and the picture had been transmitted to us 
Ifiver region was still a frontier settlement and exactly as it ajipeared 130 years ago! The linsey 
couslandy exposed to Indian depredations. The hunling-shirt, tlie coon-skin cap, tlie buck-skin leg- 
very next year after this tour was nmde the sav- gins and moccasins, the tomaliawk, the linnting 
ages invaded the Sinking Creek neighborhood, as knife, the powder luu'n and last, but not least, the 
Dr. Llale tellsiis (see pages 33 and 2(;.") of his Alle- long-barrelled flint-lock rifle — the nnist effective 
gheny Pioneers) and murdered Ave children of a Mr. short range arm yet devised by uuui — were all in 
Lvbrook. Capable and fearless men were needed at evidence, not to mention nundierless other ilems in 
lioiue lor purposes of protection, as well as to make the way of provisions and outfit. Their horses may 
the crops; and it is recognized in Holy Writ that not have looked very stylish, and the miscellaneous 
"as his part is that goeth down lo the battle, so array of "plunder" indispensable loi- such a tour, 
shall liis part be that tarrieth by the stuff'; they no doubt imparted a somewiiat raggeii ami inartis- 
shall part alike." It probably required more cour- tie look to the ensemble; and yet they must have 
age and self-restraint for these two young men to presented a most pictures(pK' spectacle. And what 
quietly stand guard at honu' llian it would to have impresses us most, and causes a feeling (d' sadness, 
accompanied the expediti(ui lo Kentucky. Samuel is the consciousness that no such s])e(ta(le can ever 
was then twenty-five years old. and William was be witnessed anywhere in our w(U-ld again. The 
]irobably ab(mt twenty I bree. an<l Ihe part after- pioneer age has vanished, never more to I'cl urn. All 
wards played by both in Ihe establishment of the the conditions of life have been radically altered. 
Salt River vSettlement, and the death of the latter The pioneers are gone, and tiiey can live in memory 
I'loiu \\ ounds iurtict(>d by Indians m bile leading his alone. Let us therefore be only the more careful to 
c(iui|)nny of soldiers in battle under General George preserve, as faithfully as we may, the true storv of 
Rogers Clark in 1780, prove them lo have been of their lives. 

the sauH> heroic mould as their older brothers. At We can not with absolute certainty indicate the 
last the farewells were spoken, and Ihe tender kisses exact route they travelled on their way down to- 
ot affection exchanged, and ilie men of the explor- wards the Ohio River, but it is reasonably certain, 
ing company, together willi the Iwo friends who as Dr. Hale ]ioints oui (see his book, page 102), 
were to be their companions foi- a week, mounted that they went the trail the Indians were wont to 
their horses and took the road leading up the creek follow in coming from north of the Ohio to the 
towards the (Jreat Divide on whose summit stood upper New River country. That trail went down 
the supply store at Draper's Meadows, whence their NeM^ River to the mouth of Imlian Creek, crossed 
real start for the wilderness was to be made." The over New River and the Bluestom', and Flat Top 
distance was only about twenty-five miles from the Mountain, aud weni on past the site of Raleigh 



Oourl House to the head waters of I'aiiit Creek, 
then (lowji tliat stream to the Kauawlia, and do^Ti 
tlie Kaiiawlia to the noted Salt Sprint; at the mouth 
of CamiibeU's Creek, which is about five miles above 
the present city of Charleston, West Vivuinia,' and 
about sixty mib's alfove the moutli of tlic Kanawlia. 
Tlie distance whicli tlie party travelled on their 
liorses was not far from one hundred and sixty-five 
miles, and they were about tine week in coming. 
From this point John MeCoun and James Pawling 
returned with all the horses to their homes. Ten 
days" time was consumed in the biiililiiig of the 
jioats ; the provisions and outfit of the party were 
loaded into them; and before the end of May they 
had reached the Ohio, where they fell in with Capt. 
Thomas Bullitt and several other comiianies of 
whites, and some friendly Delaware Indians, going 
down to the Fall^; of Oliio.'^ The jdiirney down to 
the 'iiouth of the Kentucky liiver occupied the 
wlnde of the monlli of .Tune and the first week in 
Jiily. They proceeded leisurely, making many 
stoi>s (Ml llie way, and exploring the country back 
fi'om the river for ten or fifteen, and even thirty 
miles. On the afternoon of Wednesday, July 7th, 
I he .McAfees bade farewell to Capt. Bullitt and the 
other men w ilh whom they had now Iteen pleas- 
antly assuciated for five or six weeks, as they were 
only a short distance then from the mouth of the 
Kentucky Kiver, into which stream the .McAfees 
l)urposcd lo cnler, whilst all the other companies 
were destined for the Falls of the Oiiin. The .Mc- 
Afees pulled ai their oars that evening till darkness 
gathered o\'cr ihe earlli, when they drew near to 
the shore at a point almul six miles al»(i\c where the 
town of Cancillliin now stands, and spent Ihe niglit 
in ilieii- canoes. I'erhaps they feared Indians,asthey 
were then toily a very few miles from a well-known 
l)uffalo pal li and Indian trail, which led down from 
fheBigl'one i.ick. at which liiey had jusi sjient sev- 
eral days, III what is now called l>rennon"s Lick, 
which iliey were destined to reach very soon. The 
next nitirning I hey were under way an hour before 
day. eagerly bending to their oars, for I hey were 
now anxious to see with their own eyes that stream 

near whose course it was their purjjose to settle for 
life. Thursday morning, the Sfh of July, 1773, just 
as the eastern sky was brightening witli the flush 
of coming day, through ihe misi nf Ihe early dawn 
the dim outlines of the Kentucky's low liank-'s were 
descried; and nn donbl llicir hearts bcai mure rap- 
idly as they began to realize that the goal of their 
hopes was almost in view. Scion the prows of theii- 
boats began to turn southward as, with searcliing 
glances at ihe now clearly \ isilile shores of th(> new- 
found stream, they salislicd ihimseU'es llial ihis 
was indeed ilic ii\-er fur which llie,\ wci'e seeking. 
In a momeni (ir Iwn mni-e their lii;lit canoes were 
noiselessly gliding in lielwcen the banks of the 
Kentucky, and the iimiid Ohio was behind tliem. 
The wild birds had jnsi :iw akcd lo their mat ins and 
were hlliiig ilie fdicsi wiih ilieir songs. Perhaps a 
lluck of water-fdwl were d is[iii)M ing themsehes i)lay- 
fuUy in the stream, and ailracted by the gentle 
plashing of the oars, hmked wonderingly al the in- 
truders, scarce' know Iol; w heiher to take wing or no. 
As they moved nn ii]i ihe ri\-ei- the sun came up in 
all his gloiy ; and as he liegan lo illumine the splen- 
did Avilderncss wilh his beams not only had there 
lieguu another diniiial rcMilnlinn (if the earth upon 
its axis, but also Ihe dawn of a new Common- 
wealth's life, ^^■|lelhel• those jiiaiii. ]>ractical men 
\\'ere conscious (if ihc fad or not, their quiet and 
unheralded entrance inin ihat historic stream on 
that summer's morning was "the fair beginning of 
a. time" — the birthday of a new era for one of the 
most fa\ored regions beneath the bine (bane of 
heaven. In that auspicious hour the banner of civ- 
ilization ^\as for Ihe first time unfurled over Ken- 
tucky's soil, and the ])ermanent settlement of the 
State Iwgun. This event was one of those simple, 
nn]iretenti()us b(»ginniiigs nf jhings whicli men 
should ponder unless lliey wdiild bise half Ihe les- 
son which provid(>nce and naliire have lo leach us. 
.Vs some one has said : 

"There is a day in spring. 

When umler all the earth Ihe secret germs 
Begin to stir and glow before they bml : — 

The wealth and festal ]iomps of mid-summer 
Lie in the heart of I hat inglorious lumr. 

Which no man names with blessing, 
Tlumgh its work be blessed by all the world." 

O - 







The years which extend from 1750 to 1772 mark March, 1775, and some others made about this 
a distinct and most important er-i in the history of ju'rioil. must, for all time to come, \h' regarded as 
ihe resj;ion now called Kentucky — it was The Era distiuclly r|inrli inakin-;- events in ilii' fouudiuii and 
(»f E.\])l(irali(>n proper. AVKli iL we associate the developmeni of Kcniiicky, sccuiid in time, only, to 
names of such men as AValker, (Jist, Pinley, Knox, the acliicvcincnis nf I he cxiilurci-s pi-dpei-. and ('(lual 
Boone, etc. These num, and many others, first to tlieiis in ini|i(iiian(c. Tiic t\-Ay of mere adven- 
Ida/.cd flic way to the settlement of the country, and ture had nciw hcunn in waiu', and Ihc day of Iiome- 
d('S( r\c In he held in everlastinji' remembrance, seekiiij; and Siaic linildiii- was dawniui;-. Tlic 
cliiilly 1)1 ranse their work, no matter how meagre it tramj) (d' ilmnsands nf cniiLiiaiils w i(h their pack- 
may, in some cases, have been, and no matter wha I linrses from \'iiL;inia and llir ("arnlinas was soon 
may liave Ix'cn their ninl ivcs, rendered possilde all to be lieard ainii;; I lie Wilderness iinad llirmi^li 
that \\as accoin]ilisbed i)y Ihnse who fnllnwed in ( 'ninb( iland (lap, and llie lieanlirnl (»liin was snnn 
their wake. But scarcely any id' tlu^ men of this In lie dniled willi tleets of cannes, ]di-ngiies and llai 

(dass and era were seriously intent on umkinu jier- 
maneni settlements in Kentiudvy Avith the distinct 
aim of subduing the wilderness into farms and vil- 
lages; and liad tliey nnt been succeeded by 
men nf a wholly did'ei-cnl tem]»er and imi-piise, 
it may be doulited wlielher Kentucky wnuld 
ever have been anvthing but a magnificent "aiue 

boats, biinging homeseekers fmni I'eunsylvania 
and .Maryland with their families and Ihe imple- 
ments of peaceful industry. (»f all I his mighty 

movement llial i lest entiaiicc i\i' Ihe .McAfees 

into the iiKnith nf tiie Kentucky Kivcr at sunrise of 
the Slh (if .Inly, ITT."*., was Ihe ]irelnde and pledge. 
The savages tn llle nnltll nf ihc Ohin. wlin Innked 

preserve. Boone, grand old hero that he was, bears upon Kentucky as their hnnting-gi-nunil, insiinc- 

the character nf a hnntei- and rover, ratlier than lively recognized the significance of the movements 

that of a settled citizen ; and but for the enterprise of tlie .McAfees and Bullitt. Scicniitic travcdlers 

nf a man like To]. Henderson, who took the initia- and explorers, w Im merely skirted ihe unrihern bnr 

live, and jiaid him to assist in his schemes, he might der of Kentucky in their cannes, m- marched bur 

never have founded anything nu)re than a hunting riedly across portions of the country, gave the in 

stati(ni in the wilderness. But rapidly upon the dians small com-ern ; the traders with their jiacks 

heels of this first era in KentuckY's life marched full of trinkets and small wares fni- excbaniie wcri' 

the second — the Era of Permanent Settlements. For 
convenience this era may be assigned to the twenty 
years which began with the (dose of 1T72, and ende(l 
with tlie admission of Kentucky into the Federal 
[Tnion in 1792. Of this unirpu' period the Tangimrd 

gladly welcomed; even liie hiinieis aroused but lit- 
tle antagonism so bmg as killing game was their 
only |)urpns(>. Unl when, in 177."!, and the next year 
ni- twn I'nilnwing, they discerned stirdy men nf an- 
other temjier and aim searching the land, accom- 

was led by the ilcAfee and Bullitt companies in panied by the surveyor with his compass and chain 

1773, by the men under Taptain James Harrod in — when it dawned on tlieir savage minds that thesis 

1774, and by Col. HendersoiTs jiarty in 177r). It were serious men, the vanguard (d' civilizatiim, who 
was with the work of tliese men, principally, that meant to clear ihe land, jiml jilaut crops, and build 
the real settlement and ci\iliy,at i(ni of Kentucky be- towns, they realized, as nevei' b(d'(U-c, ihal Ihe in- 
gan. Hence, if we are to be true to the truth of his- vasion of this lair region meani ihe comidete expul- 
tory, tlu' settlement begun by the McAfees on Salt sion, if noi ihe exieiiiiinai ion, of ihelJed .Man ; and 
Kiver, and that of CaptainBullitt at the Falls of the the mysl ic si-na I w as given for "war to the knife." 
Ohio, in July, 1773; that begun by Captain Ilaii-od The answer which the savages -ave to the surveys 
al llarrodsbnrg, in .Inne, ITTJ; and Ihal made at made in ITT:', was I lie sei-ies of hosl ilil ies wlii(^h be- 
Boonesboiongh by Col. Henderson's party, in gan early in I he fnllnwing summer, and which cul- 

•* \*//' rr I 



- < 

2 S 

5 •£ 



luinated iu October, 1774, in the bloodiest battle 
vet foiiiilit on N'ivginia soil, wlieii tbe great chief 
Cornstalk, w ith perhaps 1,000 warriors, attacked 
the Virgiuia militia imder General Lewis at Point 
Pleasant, at the mouth of the Kanawha River, and 
fought a whole daj- with splendid courage and valor 
until convinced that the whites were their superi- 
ors. That the surveys of 1773 were the very first 
movements of the whites which gave promise of 
permanent settlement, and that this was the light 
ill w liich (lie Jiidians viewed it, is aiiii>ly attested by 
a number of distinguished historical writers." 

The jouiiiey of the party up the river to 1 >ren- 
iiiiu's Lick,"' and on up to w here Frankfort now 
stands, occupied about a week, tiie details of which 
are given in the journals of James and Kobert Mc- 
Afee to be found in the Appendix. \\'hen,on the21st 
(d'.lnly, ilicy left Cave Spring (Ui (iilliert's Creek, in 
wlmt is now Anderson County, five miles west of the 
Kentucky liiver, and marched to the west two miles, 
tliey found a stream which they aptly designated 
"Crooked Creek." This was Salt River; and the 
nuiment they readied it, they seem to have con- 
cluded thai they had now discovered the precise 
neiglilKtrhoiid in which their tiiuil settlement was to 
lie made. They began at once to sur\t'y land, one 
tract after another, and conliniied without cessa- 
tion lor more than a week. The party had already 
laid ill l\\(i surveys on the creek where Vanci'burg 
now stands, at least two ov three on the upper 
Licking, one at tlie motilli <d' tiie Licking, two or 
three at Drenmm's Kick, two at the site of Frank- 
fort, and I wo at Cave Spring, nmking perhajjs 5,000 
acres lliiis far surveyed. On Salt River from the 
monlli (if llaiiimdud's ('reek up to \\hal is now 
kiiuwii as I lie .Mud Meeting House Neighbcu'liood, 
some llirec miles aliove Hai-i'dilsliurg, twenty-one 
addilidiial surveys were made i>C l(l(» acres each. 
The Idlal quantity of land stirveyed dii and very 
near to Salt River amounted to more llian S.OOO 
acres, A\hich, being added td thai p]'e\idusly sur- 
veyed, brings the grand total uji Id sdmethingabove 
K3,000 acres. If we include the ]ire-ein|)l idii claim to 
LOOO acres additional for each 400 acre IracI, to be 

paid for at the goverunieiu piice, the actual amount 
of choice land to which the men of this company 
had rights footed up more than 45,000 acres, etpuil 
to about seventy square miles of the best class of 
land in Kentucky. It is not at .ill likely, however. 
that the claim to all df tlies(> tracts was made good. 
The particular tract on which .lames ^IcAfee after- 
wards settled, and on which he erected his fort or 
station iu the fall of 177it, and his stone dwelling 
in 1790, was surveyed, as his journal seems to indi- 
cate, on ei tiler Friday, duly 23d, or Saturday, 24th. 
The fine sjiring which issiu's out frdiii ihc base df 
the blutt" a few feet from the river liie sjiecial 
attraction to James jSlcAfee in llial ]iiccc of land. 
The party were standing on the bliilf overlooking 
the spring and river, and James ^IcAfee, taking 
Hancock Taylor's surveying staff in his hand, 
struck it into the soil, remarking lo iiis c(mi]ian- 
ions: "]\Ien, x-oii may liunt for as much more land 
as you please; but, for my pari, I intend to live 
here, my days out, with the blessing of Providence." 
To this remark his brother Robert, who had not yet 
secured all his land, made lejily : "Well, James, we 
will try and find as good ]daces near you." That 
simple incident was one well worth remembering. 
The spring is there still. Though its discoverer 
has been sleeping in his grave on the top of the lit- 
tle knoll a few hundre<l yards distant for nearly a, 
hundred years, the sparkling water still ripples 
down over the gravel to Ihc river as merrily as it 
did iu 1773. The old si one house, erected by James 
McAfee in 1790, is still slanding ihcre on the hill 
where once the ohl fort was. ^^'e are impressed, as 
we picture to our minds that little company gath- 
ercxi on that bluff thai .Inly d.-iy. ihal they were no 
adventurers, or mere Indian lightcis, Imt serious, 
God-fearing men, who were locating a home for 
their families, and who believed in ;i divine Provi- 
dence in human alfairs. 'I'hey lia\e all heen dead 
for nearly a century, some of iliem much longer, 
but the orderly Christian c(nniniiniiy which was 
there founded by lliem si ill abides, wiih iis old 
church which men organized, and ii is their 
monument. They seem to have desired no other. 
The work of surveying was concliided on the ."lOth 












S 5 

oi O 

U "^ 


Z a 



day of July. As Geueral McAfee informs us, the 
lands selected were not only regularly surveyed and 
plotted, but plainly marked by deadening (rees hero 
and there, and piling uj) heaps of brush in con- 
spicuous places, on their several siirveys. These 
methods of identification were just as recognizalde 
as were the little log pens called "improvers' cab- 
ius." which were not cabins at all, having no roofs, 
and useless as habitations. These men evidently 
expected to return the following spring to clear 
laud and make a beginning with their settlement. 
The homeward journey is pretty fully detailed in 
the journals James and Ivobert McAfee kepi. It 
was perhaps one of the most arduous and perilous 
journeys, for about one-half the way, thai has ever 
been deliberately undertaken by men. II took 
them nearly one month to traTel the 500 miles they 
were obliged to cover in returning to their homes. 
There was sucli a combination of adverse conditions 
to be nu't and endured tor several consecutive 
weeks as has rarely had to be faced by any body of 
travellers. There were absolutely no roads of any 
kind for at least 300 miles of the way; they had to 
make their way for a distance of about 1G5 miles 
right along the conrse of Kentucky l{i\er, a 
tortuous stream whose banks were nearly all 
the A\'ay very steep and covered with green- 
brier, laurel and other varieties of brush 
which constantly obstructed their progress, and 
lacerated their bodies to the utmost limit of en- 
durance; and, to add to these horrors, there were 
days at a lime along the most fearfully trying pnr- 
tions of the journey when no game was to be seen, 
so that after nearly two weeks of the most distress- 
ing hardships they found death by starvation star- 
ing them in the face when in the midst of the high- 
est and most desolate mountains in Kentucky. 
Leaving Salt Kiver where the Town Branch of Har- 
rodsburg enters it, on Saturday, the 31st day of 
July, they marched in a south-easterly direction, 
intending to pass out of Kentucky somewhere about 
the head streams of the Kentucky IJiver into Pow- 
ells Valley and Clinch Valley on their way to IS'ew 
River through South-west Virginia. They crossed 

what are now Garrard and JNladison counties to the 
site of Irvine, Ky.. where they reached the Ken- 
tucky River and l)cgaii its asccut. They followed 
the windings of the nuist northerly branch of that 
stream past 1 lie sites (if Itcat lyvillc, Jackson and 
Hazard on m ilic iikhiiIi df i.catherwond Creek in 
what is now I'erry <'ininly, wIicim" they finally 
abandoned the river, .\sceiidiiig the easterly branch 
of that creek 1<i its source, they then struck out 
across the stei [i and I'ligged ridges of IMne IMoun- 
tain, coming cm u> ilie I'dcir I'oik of Cumberland 
Fliver, through liunicane Oap, at the point where 
it is joined by Clover Lick Creek. Going up that 
creek to where there were some salt springs from 
which there were elk paths leading up over the Big 
Black ^lountain t(n\ard ^'irginia, they undertook 
the ascent of that ](d'ly range on a dry, hot day, 
\\hen they had been almost entirely without food 
for two days, and were bleeding and worn out from 
liaving had to drag their way through laurel and 
greenbrier bushes for days. That was the 12th day 
of August,and these men had now about reached the 
pointwhere hunuui endurance utterly fails. Another 
fearful aggravation of their sufferings they found 
at that high altitude was a lack of water. The sun 
was now nearing his setting in the west, and tiie 
lofty, l)arren rocks to the east of them, 4,000 feet 
high, were now illuniiiied by his rays, and only lent 
a strange luu-ror to the scene. Not a living crea- 
ture ^\as anywhere visible, (ieorge .McAfee and 
young Adams, at lenglh unable longer to walk, cast 
themselves on the ground prepared to die, whilst 
James McAfee halted at their sides and tried to 
cheer them U]). These men weie not conscious of 
having done wrong to any man in nuikiug this tour. 
They considered the Indian titles to the country as 
having all been extinguished, and their motive in 
undertaking this jouiaiey was one which no good 
man could condemn. As far as the peculiar exigen- 
cies of their case wonld allow they had religiously 
abstained from xiolaling the sanriiiy (d' the Sab- 
bath, and had reci;gniy.ed I heir (le])endence uiuni the 
blessing of Heaven. But it looked now as if (io<l 
had deserted them, and was about to alloAV them to 
perish miserably on that, desolate mountain and 



leave tlieiv son'0\\ iiiii' loved ones to mouru the rest 
of tlicir (lavs ill liopelfsx ignorance of the place and 
manner of llieir aw fnl dcatli. Bni it has often hap- 
pened in IniMian r\]icricncc dial man's exti-eiiiity is 
(iod's 0])p(ii-1nnil V. and it was wonderfully illns- 
tralfd I ha I meiiuiialdc afternoon on the T^ig Black" 
.Miainlains. U'uhcrt ^IcAfce. always cheerful and 
athletic, resohcd lo make one final, desperair 
effort to find some game and save the lives of the 
mendiers of the jiarty. ITe and ^FcConn started 
across one of the ridges looking f(ir some animal 
whose death might prove their life. Strange to re- 
late, Eohert ^IcAfee had not proceeded nu)re than 
five hundred yai'ds when, to his iinutteralile joy, he 
espied a buck deer standing beside a sjiring, within 
good range of his rifle. It was a critical moment 
for all concerned. He was unavoidably excited, 
and a miss might mean (he loss of the last oppor- 
tunity lo save ilie lives of the whole party, for an- 
otiier uiglii wiilidut food would have meant tlie 
annihilation of the com])any. Itui li(> took careful 
aim and pulled the trigger of his trusty old rifle, 
the flint on its lock responded with a spark of fire, 
that spark fell upon the powder in the pan of the 
lock and communicated with the chariie in the "un. 
the old rifle answered w itii a report heard far over 
the niouuiaiu, and the Jnick dro])i)ed to the earth 
with the bullet in his vital part. Overjoyed, Rob- 
ert ran with his hunting-knife in hand, and in a 
moment he was on the wounded animal, dispatch- 
ing him to make sure of his work. The other mem- 
bers of the company, hearing the crack of Koberfs 
rifle, instantly divined its meaning, aud in a fe^v 
UL(uueuis all cauie hobliling along to learn the re- 
sults. Soon the buck was ready for cooking, and 
atire^^as kindled \\\ which to roast an aiiundance 
of juicy iiK at for all. It was as if that animal had 
dropped liiilil oni of Ihe sky, and that stream of 
water had l)een made to flow by .Moses slrikinii' the 
rock. Such devout thanksgivings were probabl\ 

never poured foi-rh <ni (hat buiely nmuutain. before 
or since, as that evening ascended to heaven from 
the grateful hearts of those five men wlio had thus 
been rescued from the hand of death. And in after 
years, when ai last these men had been settled in 
their new homes on Sail River, and they came to 
erect a sanctuary for the wcu'ship of (iod, thev re- 
memb( i-cd that AugusI day on Ihe Rig I'dacks, aud 
named their church New I'rovidence. And that 
oi'ganization still abides, and il bears thai same 
saci'cd naiue after 11!) years of testimony to the 
overruling mercy of Ciod to his needy children that 
day in 177;^. 

K'efreslied greatly by food and drink and res(, the 
party ]mrsued their way to the eastward, crossing 
Powell's Valley and Clinch Valley a day or two 
later. At Oastlewood's, a fording ]ilace on riinch 
River, they got siglit of the first white man's cabin 
they had seen since the 11 th of jMay. Rushing on 
one day farllier to the cabin nf a ('a|>(aiu iJussej], 
who was an old ac(pmintance of the ^McAfees, they 
felt tiie really hazardous part of their journey was 
past, and they gave several days to recn])erating. 
Their blistered feet and lacerated arms and legs 
needed rest and healing, which could here be safely 
enjoyed. The remaining 170 miles of their home- 
ward journey was accomplished in another week, 
and before the last day of August they had all 
reached their homes and found an inexpressibly 
glad welcome from the loved ones whom they had 
not seen fur about 110 days. We can easily picture 
the crowds of eager listeners who gathered around 
the returned heroes to hear the story of their ad- 
ventures, and be stirred by the glowing descriptions 
given of the splendid w ilderness beyond the moun- 
tains, aud of the magnificent lauds they had sur- 
veyed for future homes. Henceforth the Blue 
Grass regicui cd" Kentucky was the Eldorado of 
their hopes; and the ouly question now was as to 
how soon it would be possible for them to enter 
into it aud nuike it their permanent liome. 

TIIF. i;i:.M(t\AI. TO IvlONTlJCKY. 



The purpose of the McAfees, from whicli they 
uever wavered, was to opeu up their hauds ou Salt 
Kiver for actual occupatiou just as soon as pos- 
sible, with the view of removiug thither. Their 
settlement in their new liome, however, was re- 
tarded by a series of hinderauces and misfortunes 
running through live or six years; and, through no 
dallying on their part, the date of their final migra- 
tion to Kentucky was postponed until the fall of 
1779. At the date of their first exploring tour the 
Indians and whites were xjraetically at peace in the 
West, and no man could then lune foreseen the out- 
break of Indian hostilities to occur tlic following 
year, or the mighty revolt of the colonies against 
the English Crown a few years later. Had matters 
remained as they were in 1773, \\e nuiy well believe 
the McAfees would have taken up their permanent 
abode in Kentucky by the fall of the following 
year. But a marked change in the temper of the 
Indians towards intending settlers in Kentucky 
began to be manifest early in the summer of 1774. 
The surveys made in Kentucky by the McAfees, 
Bullitt and others in 1773 had helped to produce an 
impression on the savage mind which was not at 
once understood by the whites. \Mulst llarrod 
was luisy, about the middle of June, 1771, laying 
off the town which now bears his name, Daniel 
lioone arriv( d w iili a message from Governor Dun- 
more, warning all ibc whites in Kentucky that the 
savages were about to go on the warpath." And 
Harrod had niily just completed his tirst cabins at 
Harrodsburg when (July 10th j the place was at- 
tacked by the Indians with fatal results, and in 
consequence the settlement was quickly aband(.ned, 
and was not reoccupied until March, 1775. The 
stiirni, however, broke in fury when that bra\e and 
capable leader, Chief Cornstalk, at the head of a 
formidable aiiny nt Indian warrioi-s, attacked the 
Virginia miliiia under General Andrew Lewis at 

the mouth (if (lie Kanawha River.'- This was the 
bloodiest contest ever had between whites and In- 
dians on Virginia soil. Three of the McAfee broth- 
ers, James, George and Robert, took an active pari 
in this battle, being without reasonable don lit, in 
the company of Evan Shelby, of Col. Christian's 

A question of some importance is : Did the Mc- 
Afees revisit their lauds on Salt Kiver during the 
year 1771? (jeueral McAfee affirms that they did 
not, but Marshall as positively declares that they 
did." Between these two reliable witnesses we 
must choose, liolli meant to ti'll only the truth, and 
neither had, so far as we can judge, any reason for 
misstating the facts. The only (juestion, as between 
these two historians is, which of the two had the 
better means of knowing the facts? General Mc- 
Afee first penned his statement in 1840, and re- 
peated it in 1845. He had gotten what he knew of 
the matter from his uncle James in 1804. The 
General was only t\\enty years of age in 1804, and 
only twent3--seven when his uncle died; and it ^\■as 
twenty-nine years after his uncle's death that his 
first assertion was written in his"Rise and Progress 
of the Salt Iliver Settlenu-nt." On the other hand, 
Humphrey Marshall came to Kentucky from Vir- 
ginia in 1780, when about twenty years old, and 
lived till 1842. The first edition of his work was 
printed in 1812, and the last in 1824. He was per- 
sonally familiar with the pioneer history of Ken- 
tucky. It is rea.'ionably certain that he would 
not have gathered materials for a history of Ken- 
tucky ami iif the ^Ic.Vfee company without having 
per.sonal interviews with the McAfee brotiiers, 
with wliom he was cimicniporary in Kentucky fnnn 
the year 1780 onward. If he began to gather his 
Tuaterials about the year 1804, he was then a man 
forty-four years old. Though lie was not a kins- 
man (if the McAfees he A\as in a better position, 



consideriuy his ui^p. bis ijuiikisc. and liis previous 
close couhu't with the men of the i)i(Uieer period, to 
make an accurate note of fads llian I lie tlien yourli- 
fiil ue|)iu'\\ of .laiiH's .\lcA('(i'. As I he <ieueral 
himself stales, lie i;ot his daia from liis nncle James 
in the ,\('ar ISOJ, and lie was then only twenty years 
(dd, and his nncle sixty-eijiht. Marshall was pre- 
paiiiiii' to publish an (daliorate liistory of Ken- 
tncky, whilst the <i( iieial was only iiinkini; mem- 
oranda I'elalimi l<i his own family, and witliont, 
iiiosi lik(dy. any idea at the time (d' pnhlishing wlmt 
he wrote. 'IMiere would, thciefore, seem to be a 
sliiiht preiK/iiderance of ciedibility in fa\"or of 
.MarshalTs assertions, even if valid reasons Jiad 
been assijiiied by (ieneial .McAfee as a.^ainst a visit 
early in 1774. l>nt tlie only reason given for tlie 
.McAfees not having come to their lands in 1774 is 
the fear of Indian hostilities, but this reason had 
liille or no fonndation till late in tlie spring. We 
know that tin- year thi' McMVes were on Salt 
liiver by the 14rli of March, having left Botetonrt 
(,'onnty, Mrginia, the 20th of Febrnary. Reports 
(d' impending Indian raids such as wnnld deter 
tliose men wonld have had to reatdi the ('atawha 
Creek neighborhood before .March, and we kmjw 
no reason why the McAfees conld not have made 
their visit and gotten back home a monrh before 
(iovernor Dnnmore despatched I)ani(l lloone to 
Kentucky with his message of warning. \\\ in all, 
we must couclnde that Marshall was correct, and 
that tlie ^leAfees did, as lie asserts, revisit their 
lands on Salt River in the early spring of 1774, and 
made additional improvemeiits thereon with a 
view to an early occupation of the same. (Japtain 
Harrod certainly was there in .June of that year, 
and was not forced to retreat till July; aud we 
know of uo reason wliy the .McAfees could ikU have 
done the same, especially if tiiey had left home as 
early as I lie end of I'ebiuary. 

The opening of the year 177.') was no doubt 
marked by special activity among the .McAfees. 
The great liatlle of ihe i)revi(ius October at Point 
Pleasant, in which the Indians had received a 
uever-to-beforgotten chastisement, and which 

(dosed Lord Dnnmore's war, gave to the whites 
great eucouragemeut; and in the absence of any 
new complications, the way now seemed reasonalily 
(dear for a third visit of Ihe McAfees to the Salt 
Kiver c(mntry of Kentucky. It is true that the 
(|nanel of tlie Thirteen Colonies with the Mother 
<"onntr.\ was constantly increasing in bitterness 
and extent. The opcMiing conllici of the Revolu- 
tion, tlie Battle of Lexingtcm, was destined to be 
fought this spring (April lUj, and Bunker Hill 
two montiis later; aud tlie Second Continental Con- 
gress, which voted to raise an army, with ^Vashiug- 
ton as Commander-in-Chief, was to assemble the 
10th of May. But news travcdled slowly in those 
days, and especially to so remote a frontier region 
as the New River settlements. Certain it is that 
on the I'Oth of February, 1775, all live of the Mc- 
Afee brothers (James, George, Robert, Samuel and 
\\illiam) and David Adams, and also an appren- 
tic(id servant of the idder James .Mc.\fee by the 
name of John Higgins set out for Kentucky.''' 
Their route this tijue was down the Wilderness 
Road through Southwestern Virginia by way of 
Cumberland (Jap and W'asioio ( hip."' They 
reached James .Mc.Vfec's spring on Salt River 
.Marcli 11th — a journey of nearly 100 miles, in 
eighteen days. Captain Harrod and company, who 
had come by the Ohio and Kentucky Rivers, passed 
the .Mc.Vfees four days later ou their way up to 
Harrodsburg to re-occupy the cabins deserted the 
siimnier before. Daniel Boone, who came this 
spring as Colomd Henderson's agent to make a set- 
I lenient at the place afterwards named Boonesboro, 
did not arrive till sonu- we(dvs after the McAfees 
had begun work on their land on Salt River." On 
this visit they cleared two acres of ground near 
James Mc.Vfee"s spring, and planied it in corn. 
They also made a beginning on an orchard by 
planting jieach and apple seeds, (ieorge and Wil- 
liam McAfee also cleared aud planted some ground 
(piite near Harrodsburg, at a spring on the Town 
Branch near Salt River. The piir])ose of the party 
was to move their families that fall or the next 
spring. Having spent a month there iliey set out 
for home by the way they had c(mie. .ipril 10th, 


I- .A 

2 s 

<j) - 


z 9 

















Here the McAfee company turned into Drennon's Creek July 9. 1773- 



leaving Higgins and a, man bv tlie name of Poiilson 
to plant more corn and gnard tlie property against 
intraders. "Wiien tlie party, on their way down the 
Wilderness TJoad (then a mere trail) towards 
Cnmberiand <ia](, reached Skagg's Creek, which is 
a small tribntary of Eockcastle River, and in the 
county of Rockcastle, they met Colonel Henderson 
and r>oone,\\iMi a, considerable iniiiilx'r (if iiicn (•(lin- 
ing in on their way to tlie place where they were 
soon to found Boonesboro. Here a council was 
held in which Henderson laid before the ^fcAfees 
his plans. He had only a few weeks before, at wiiat 
is now Kingsport, Tennessee, concluded the Treaty 
ofWaitauga M ith Ihc ( Microluc Indians, tiy wliich the 
Henderson (■(iiii])any ]mrchased oxer oiie-lialf of tlie 
present territory of Kentucky, calling il Transyl- 
vania. Tt was a stniiendous enterprise, and Hen- 
derson sought to enlist the co-oiieration of the Jfc- 
Afees.^^ James ^fcAfee was evidently something 
more than a plain fanner; lie was a reading man, 
and well informed as to jniblic matters, and was 
not easily carried away li.\ tlie ebwineiice and. rosy 
pictures of the able ('olonel Henderson. He re- 
sisted the proposition to allow him liberal grants 
of land if he should join in the large undertaking, 
holding that Henderson's treaty with the Chero- 
kees was without gdvernment sanction, and hence 
invalid. He therefore refused to have anything to 
do with the scheme, and so counselled his brothers 
against it. George, Robert and William ^McAfee, 
however, were persuad(Hl to go with Henderson, 
and they sejiarattHl from tlieir liroliier James, and 
went on to Boonesboro, and were participants in 
the founding of that place. There they remained 
about two montlis, when they proceeded back to 
Virginia. Tliey were not long in learning that 
their older brother, James, had placed the proper 
estimate on Colonel Henderson's scheme, and that 
tiiey had made a mistake. Here, again, was a 
scene in the life of the McAfees — that council at 
8kagg's Creeki — of which we could w ish Me had a 
faithful portrayal on canvas. It must have been 
intensely picturesque and interesting. The creek 
at whose crossing this discussion took place is all 

that remains to us of the picture — every person 
present there that day has been in his grave from 
90 to 125 years. A second visit to Salt Kiver 
was made by the McAfees in September of this 
year (1775). The same men came in again, this 
time having in their company David and John 
McConn, and John :Magee. They drove along with 
them forty head of cattle, which were turned loose 
in the cane on the river near where the New Provi- 
dence church was afterwards erected. Ground 
was cleared and some cabins erected. John 51c- 
Coun and some otliers of the company remained in 
Kentucky through the winter of 1775-6. They 
cleared fifteen acres of land, and early in the 
spring of 177(; planted it in corn. A little later, 
discovering Indians in the neighliorbood, they left 
and returned to Virginia. 

T^Tien the year 1776 opened, the ^McAfees, and 
their as.sociates in this enterprise, laid all their 
plans to remove their families and their belongings 
to Kentucky, which was this year made one of the 
counties of Virginia. They got together (heir pro- 
visions and chattels to make their final move to the 
wilderness. But new hindrances were to be en- 
countered. The fact that the Revolution had noM' 
begun, and that the colonies were all aflame, Avas 
not deemed by them any sufficient reascm for not 
migrating to the West. Perhaps they reasoned 
that to aid in holding the savages at bay on the 
frontier would be as valuable a service as any they 
could render anywhere; or perhaps their remote- 
ness from the seaboard and the slowness of news 
in reaching (hem from the centres of political and 
military activity rendered them less responsive to 
the exigencies of the hour than they had otherwise 
been. Of their patriotism, their abhorrence of 
tyranny and their courage no one could for one 
moment have a doubt. They (three of the McAfee 
brothers) had marched with Evan Shelby to the 
aid of Lewis against (he Indians at Point Pleasant 
in October, 1774, and (heir loyalty to the American 
cause was above all suspicion." They were all 
^A'higs; and we shall see that, later on, they still 
further delayed their removal to Kentucky because 



they were in tlie Yirsfinia militia,, James McAfee 
beinc a lientenaut. The women were all kept busy, 
nig-ht and day, jj-ettino; ready for the move this 
sprinc: (1776). The plan was to transport all 
bulky sroods on pack-horses across the mountains to 
a suitable point on the Greenbrier River, there load 
them into boats, and convey them to Central Ken- 
tucl?V by water. Some of the men, and the women 
and children were to <xo by the Wilderness Road 
and Cumberland Cap. It happened that a wasion 
road had been cut o\it only the year before by a 
Rev. John Alderson^" all the way from Catawba 
Creek to the Greenbrier River, a distance of at 
least seventy miles. It terminated on that stream 
at the site of the present town of .\hl(^rson in 
Greenbrier Countv. W. Ya. The women liavinc: 
made up all kinds of clothing', etc., to last for sev- 
eral years, and the men havinii' c;athered too-pther 
such gi'oceries. provisions, implements, and house- 
hold conveniences as thev could afford, the ^Ic- 
Afees, the McCouns, the Curi-ys, tlie Adamses, the 
Masjees, etc., witli wives and sons and dausrhters 
and sons-in-law started off the heavv jioods across 
the mountains to the Greenbrier in May, 1776, in- 
tendina:, no doubt, that just as soon as the horses 
got back the women and children and a suilicient 
force of men would take up their march to the 
south-west, and enter Kentucky through Cumber- 
land Gap. The story of the trials and sore disap- 
pointments of these people is fully told by General 
^fc.Vfee in his Autobiographv,-^ and is too lengthy 
to be reproduced in full. Suffice it to say that 
their goods and chattels were carried across the 
mountains to tli(^ Greenbrier River to the place 
where Alderson now stands ; that canoes were con- 
structed into which, on the 11th of June, all the 
goods were loaded ; that the horses were sent back 
home for the use of the members of the colony who 
were going overland to Kentucky ; that the men in 
charge of the canoes started down the Greenbrier 
for Kentucky; that, to their great disappointment, 
they soon saw the water Avas so low and the rapids 
so dangerous that they were destined to have end- 
less trouble in carrying out their plans; that after 

many trying experiences, in some of which their 
boats were completely overturned, they were com- 
pelled to pull to shore and abandon all idea of 
transporting their effects by water, after having 
gone only about fifteen miles — ^abont to where the 
railway station of Talcott now stands. Bringintr 
their goods ashore, they erected a little cabin in the 
forest in which they securely stored all their val- 
ualiles, constituting about all of their household 
possessions, the accumulations of years of labor. 
The plan was to return home the way they had 
come, procure their hoi'ses and come back and take 
the goods home, and then take everything — ^persons 
and goods — liy the Wilderness Road. But on 
reaching home they found the Cherokee War had 
broken nut in the south-west; and as tlu^ prom])t 
chastisement of the savages in East Tennessee was 
necessary to save Virginia from their depredations, 
the McAfees enlisted for the campaign and served 
under Col. Wm. Christian in his expedition.^- This 
delayed them until September, wlien lliey mounted 
tlicir horses to go over to their cabin on the Green- 
lirier and bring their stores and effects liack so as 
to move on to Kentucky by the overland route to 
the south-west. Imagine their dismay on arriving 
at the cabin in which they had stored their valu- 
ables, to find it broken o])en, their \iiliiables scat- 
ter(^(l all about on the earth, moulded and ruined 
by the rain, and iii.uiy articles missing. Tlie ac- 
cumulations of years had been almost completely 
wasted and ruined. They instituted a search for 
the cause of this disaster, and were not long in find- 
ing him — a runaway white seiwant by the name of 
Edward Sommers. They satisfied themselves of 
his guilt, and resolved to hang him. Biit no one, 
when the time came to act, was willing to take the 
culprit's life. They, instead, returned him to his 
master. But for Samuel McAfee's timely interpo- 
sition, when his brother James first discovered 
Sommers, the tomahawk of James would have 
ended the man's life. Fortunately for all con- 
cerned, this deed of blood was preventcNl. Gather- 
ing up such things as had not been rendei'ed utterly 
worthless, the party took up their sad march for 
home. It was a terrible blow, for it would take 



several years to recover from their loss, and get 
once more into good condition for removal. The 
years 1777-8 had to be allowed to pass without even 
an attempt to move their families to Kentucky, 
partly because of the great loss of supplies in- 
curred in the summer of 1770 and partly 
because the Colonies needed the services of 
the men in their contest against the British. Most 
of these men served in the Virginia militia, James 
McAfee being a lieutenant. 

At last, when the year 1779 dawned, these long- 
delayed and oft-disappointed, but never utterly 
discouraged men once more began their prepara- 
tions to move to the West. Some of them had revis- 
ited their settlements on Salt River in the fall of 
1777, but it was to hud that all their cattle had 
been stolen, or had wandered off, thus giving them 
still another backset; but they were not the meiQ 
to be easily deflected from tlieir purpose. They 
had never, for one moment, since 1773, relinquished 
their determination to make a home for themselves 
in Central Kentucky. This year their efforts were 
hnally to be crowned with success. Accordingly, 
on the 17th of August, 1779, everything being in 
readiness, a considerable colony of emigrants 
moved off towai'ds the south-west bound for Ken- 
tucky. In this goodly company were McAfees, Mc- 
Couns, Adamses, Currys and others. There were 
at least two persons of the McAfee connection who 
remained behind, aud who must have experienced 
many a pang as they realized what a separation 
was taking place. One of these has already been 
adverted to in Chapter II of this narrative, name- 
ly; the elder James Mc^Uee. ^is there shown, his 
aged wife accompanied her children and grand- 
children to the new home beyond the western 
mountains, and he remained in old Virginia till his 
death, some six years thereafter. There was also 
the eldest child of James McAfee, Jr., his daugh- 
ter, Mary, who was not with these emigrants. 
There was a well-to-do widower up on the James 
River, some thirty-five miles to the north-east of 
the McAfee homes on the Catawba, by the name of 
David Woods, who owned the old homestead of his 

father, recently deceased, and he had persuaded 
Mary to share that pleasant home with him. She 
and David Woods had probably married only a very 
short time before the migration of her family to the 
West, and Mary was now (1779) probably about 
eighteen to twenty years old. David Woods, how- 
ever, did not linger long in Virginia after the de- 
parture of his young wife's kinsfolk, but removed 
with his family to Kentucky, about 1782 or 
1783, and settled only about ten or twelve 
miles from the new home of his wife's father in 
what is now Mercer County. The journey of 400 
miles occupied more than forty-one days, an aver- 
age of only ten miles a day. The party were all on 
pack-horses ; and as there were no doubt cattle and 
hogs and sheep, as well as women and little babes, 
in the company, progress was necessarily slow. 
They may have gone by the Hunter's Path, which 
led down the Clinch Valley to Castlewood and 
across to Powell's River, about the mouth of Buck 
Creek, between Big Stone Cap and Drydeu, and 
thence on down to Cumberland Cap; or they may 
have taken the road which went past Fort Chis- 
weli, Marion, \\ ytheville and Abingdon, and which 
comes into the Hunter's Path about the present 
town of Jonesville, in Lee County, Vii'ginia (,see 
Map of Hunter's Path in this volume). Either 
way there were perils and hardships enough. 
Neai'ly the whole way the so-called road was only a 
bridle-path, and led up and down steep and rugged 
mountains and across numerous rapid streams. At 
nearly every stage of the journey there were re- 
minders of Indian outrages, and for not a single 
day or night of the entire journey could they have 
the slightest assurance that they would not be at- 
tacked and some of their number slain and scalped, 
and others carried away into captivity to be tor- 
tured to death far to the north of the Ohio. When 
they came in full view of the Cumberland Moun- 
tain in Powell's Valley, as they approached Cum- 
berland Gap, they could see those great high walls 
of rock which for nearly a hundred miles present 
an almost impassable barrier to entrance into Ken- 
tucky, and from whose inaccessible fastnesses a 



savage foe could fire the fatal rifle-volley into their 
defenceless ranks, ^^'hen that majestic pass in the 
mountain, known as Cumberland Gap, loomed up 
on the horizon ahead of them, and tiicy slowly be- 
gan its ascent, and realized that now Ibc.v were ac- 
tually entering Keiiturky, strange ciiKitions must 
have filled their breasts. And wlien a few liours 
later they began to creep along through that 
equally majestic pass by Avhicli the Cumberland 
Kiver cuts through Pine ^Mountain — Wasioto (Jap 
— and the dark shadows of the lofty crests on either 
hand lent a S(unbre line to the scene, and they felt 
tlie (himp of the river llowing at tlieir feet, they iiad 
been more oi' less lliaii liiiiiian nol lo have imagined 
some frightful expei'iences as possible to them 
now; and we may well lielieve those fearless Juen 
\\lio led the way, rifle in hand, scanned with pains- 
taking care every object about them, and listened 
cautiously foi' every noise in the deep, dark forest 
which enveloped them, as, with measured step, 
they marched along. As the slow-muving caravan 
hove in sight of the Crab Orcliard, they began to 
realize, perhaps for the first time, that now at last 
all the mountains were behind them, and that the 
level lands were in full view. Prom this point on 
the hills melted more and more away till the earth 
became like the billowy sea, with jusl enough of 
undulation to lend a picturesque tone to the land- 
scape. Passing where Stanford and Danville now 

are, and coming on down past. Harrodsburg, they 
found the earth thickly set in luxuriant blue grass 
and cane, telling of a soil of exceeding richness, 
and giving promise of glorious harvests in years to 
come. Ou tlu' L'Ttli of Se])tend)er the party reached 
W'ilsou's Station, iiearh three miles from Har- 

rodsburg, and here the c( 

impaiiy iialted. Next day 

the most of tliem went on to .lames McAfee's 
Station, some ten miles farther t(( tiie north, where 
cabins had already been erected for tlieii- use l)y 
members of the ]iaily in previous years. When all 
had dismonnled ami I'emoved their l)aggage from 
Ihe pack-saddles, and liei^an lo look ai-onnd them, 
no doubt gi'ave misgivings (iUed the minds of at 
least some of them as I hey realized under what 
st( rn conditions they were now to liegin their lives 
anew. Old Virginia was lai- away to the east Ite- 
yond the mountains — Kentucky nuist henceforth 
lie their only earthly home, lint hearts brave 
cnongh to conn' llnis far could not seriously falter 
now. That indomitable conrage and simple faith 
in au all-wise Providence, which had sustained 
them amidst all the trials and dangers of tiie 
pi-evlous years, did not forsake them now. As one 
man they went t() work in earnest to establish a 
community (d' which neither they nor their ]kis- 
terity W(aild need to feel ashamed. That they suc- 
ceeded in this aim mi man can doubt who knows 
anything of the region in which the villages of Mc- 
Afee and Salvisa stand to-dav. 



l.imes McAFee's Stalion on Salt River, smaller than this, was built in 17713. 





"Ay, this is freedom! — tliese pure skies 

Were never stained bv village smoke: 
The fragrant wind, tliat through them tiies. 

Is breathed from wastes bv plough unbroke. 
Here, with my rifle and my steed, 

And her who left the world for me, 
I plant me, where the wild deer fet'd 

In the fair wiklerne'^s — and I am free." 

— (Selected.) 

It would be difficult for the men of this day 
to i>icture to themselves the severe conditions 
under which the members of the colony on Salt 
River began their life in Kentuckty one hnndred 
and twenty-five years ago. Only two or three 
small, rude cabins were ready for their reception 
when they arrived, and only a small area of the soil 
had as yet been jxirtially cleared and planted in 
corn. It was plain to all that dangers and 
haTtlships of nn ordinary kind they would 
surely have to face for many years to come; 
and only brave men and women were equal to such 
an occasion. It was only a few days after their 
arrival that a Colonel Rogers and seventy men 
under his command, who were descending the Ohio 
in boats, were attacked by two hundred Indians 
just above where the city of Newport now stands, 
and all but twenty of them were slaughtered. The 
twenty who escaped Avith their lives made their way 
to Harrodsburg, and thus these new settlers on Salt 
River began their labors in the wilderness by 
listening to the bloody narrative these fugitives had 
to tell. If space pennitted, some account would 
here be given of the appearance of Kentucky in 
that early day — of its natural scenery, climate, etc. 
— but the reader will have to look elsewhere for 
such information. Collins in his History of Ken- 
tucky, Vol. 2, pages 27-31, quotes from several 
writers (Imlay, Doddridge, Filsonj some interest- 
ing details; and Col. K. T. Durrett, in "The Cen- 

tenary of Kentucky" (Filson Clnli series) pages 
26-28 and 12-50, has given one of the truest pic- 
tures of early Kentucky anywhere to be found. 

Tlicir first care, naturally, was to ])uild for their 
shelter and protection one of those nide but effec- 
tive fortifications, consisting of a quadrangular en- 
closure of log cabins and stockades, called a fort 
or station. The one they erected in the fall of 1779 
was known as McAfee's Station. Filson's map, 
published in 1781, gives its location veiT correctly. 
The illustration given above and entitled "A Typi- 
cal Pioneer Fort," may serve to furnish a good idea 
(if tlie average fortification of tliat peritxl in Ken- 
tucky, tliough it is, in fact, a picture of the one at 
Boonesboro, erected in 1775, four years before that 
of the McAfees. In a country where artillery was 
not to he found no fort could possibly lie constinict- 
cd that would more pei-fectly meet all the needs of 
the situation. It was a dwelling place for both the 
people and their horses, and also a safe defence 
against hostile attack. Every outer wall was abso- 
lutely bullet-proof. An enemy could not approach 
it except at the imminent peril of his life, even if 
tenanted by only a few men. But, of course, its oc- 
cupants could not always remain \\itliin those 
walls; they had to go out to procure water from 
the spring, to till the soil, to look after their cat- 
tle, to attend church, etc. And whenever they got 
outside that enclosure, for whatever purpose, they 
would unavoidably be exposed to danger as long 
as Indians infested the laud. 

James McAfees Station, which, for about fifteen 
years was the rallying point for the whole com- 
munity in times of danger, stood on a small bluff 
overlooking Salt River, only a few hundred yards 
f 10111 the present railway station of Talmage. (See 
map of Mercer County, etc.) There were a uum- 



U-r of cabius inchulod in the fort which were per- 
manently occiijiied as residences until the Indians 
ceased to annoy the inhabitants of that part of 
Kentucicy, when the several families living therein 
one by ono went ont and erected homes on their re- 
s])((livc farias. '!'(» llie people of that community 
it niusi have seemed. Imuianly speaking, a strange 
I'idvidence thai ilie tirst winter they were to spend 
in the wilderness should be one of the most trying 
character. The winter of 1779-80 in Kentucky was 
(Jiie (if unexampled severity. From the latter part 
.if Xovdiiber till the middle of February there was 
(lue cdiiiinual freeze. All the water c(Hirses were 
entirely frozen over. The buffaloes, bears, wolves, 
deer, turkeys and beavers were found in large num- 
bers, frozen to death. The people at the various 
stations were rednced to the utmost extremity for 
bread. One "Johnny cake" was often divided into 
twelve pieces, each piece having to answer one per- 
son for a meal. For weeks there was nothing for 
the people to eat except the meat of wild game. 
Early in the spring o( 17S0 James and Robert Mc- 
Afee jimrneyed to the Falls (now L(misville) and 
paid sixty dollars (^Continental money) a bushel 
for coi'ii. But a kind I'rovidence favored them 
willi an early and [ifomising spring. Vegetation 
put forth very early, and the peach trees that had 
been planted five years before were loaded with 
fruit, and plenty and happiness seemed to smile 
npon the settlement, except that Indian depreda- 
tions were fre(iuently committed on various sta- 
tions, whieli kejit Ihe settlers more or less alarmed, 
it was these depredations that iutluenced General 
(ieorge Rogers Clark to undertake a military expe- 
dition against the Northern Indians. It has been 
asserted by some, on what authority is not known 
by llu' writer, that (ieorge Rogers Clark was related 
to Mrs. James Mc^Vfee, and having been left an or- 
piian at an early age, lived fen- .some years in Vir- 
ginia with James McAfee, Jr., as one of the family. 
Certain it is that General Clark, on his first visit 
to Kentucky in 1775, came to the very neighbor- 
hood in which the McAfees had takten up land, and 
was intimate with them. Moreover, several of the 

McAfee brothers accompanied him on several of 
his expeditions against the Indians, and William 
McAfee, a most gallant soldier, was the captain of 
one of the companies which he led to Ohio in this 
year ( 1780 ) . When he started on this undertak- 
ing all of the nu'U of the McAfee citations who 
coiihl lie s])ared, went with him, and took part, 
iinder him, in the lights with the savages at Piqua, 
Ohio. It was near this place that Captain William 
:McAfee was mortally wounded by an Indian (July, 
1780), dying some weeks later, after having been 
conveyed by his men back to Kentucky. Thus this 
year was made forever memorable to the .McAfees 
by the death of one of the live brothers at the hands 
of the savages. The chastisement administered to 
the Indians by General Clark on that expedition 
secured cpiiet to the central portion of Kentucky 
for the remainder of this year. It was in May of 
17S;( that Kentucky (bounty was divided into three 
counties, Lincoln, Fayette and Jefferson. The win- 
ter of 1780-81 was comparatively mild, and the set- 
tlers did not suffer for food. Salt, however, was 
exceedingly high in price, and had to be trans- 
ported on horseback from the Falls of the Ohio. In 
Marcii of this year (^1781) there occurred an event 
which cast a dark slnnbiw o\-er the whole commu- 
nity. J(>se]ih McCottn, a- son of James McCoun, 
Sr., a most lovalde youth of eighteen, was out of the 
Station one morning, March Gth, engaged in look- 
ing after his father's cows. As he was returning, 
some Indians, who were prow ling aljout the place, 
saw liini and pursued him. He ran as rapidly as he 
could, but the savages succeeded in capturing him, 
and made off towards the Ohio River with their 
[irisoner. Alarmed by his absence beyond the ex- 
pected time, his friends umde search for him till 
the trail of the Indians was discovered. Men fi'oin 
the Stati(ui at once gave jinrsuit, ami followed the 
retreating Indians and their helpless captive. 
They found the place where the Indians had strip- 
ped o-ff the bark of a, young hickoin' to bind their 
prisoner. The pursuing party travelled as far as 
the Ohio River, some distance above the month of 
the Kentucky; and, giving up the chase, they re- 



turned to the statiou and broke to the dear boy's an- 
guished parents the news of the failure of their pur- 
suit. A few Tears later it was ascertaiuefl that tlu' 
unfortunate younij;- man had liccn carried by Ids 
cruel caidni-s far up iuto ( (Ino near In I lie site of 
what is now the city of Springtiidd, where iie was 
tied to a tree and burnt to death. This crusiiiiiii- 
blow was too much for his luotlier, tor -losepli was 
the darling of her heart. She was rarely seen to 
smile afterwards, and soon s^auk into the grave. The 
tirst sermon ever preached by a minister in that 
neighborhood was by the Ivev. David Rice, in 17S4, 
at the funeral of this Mrs. :Mc(N)un. She was the 
mother of Robert McAfee's wife, and hence her 
death, as well as the awful bereavement which led 
to it, was a sore affliction to all the .McAfees. Hers 
was pidbably the first death to oce\ir in the settle- 
ment, Captain William :McAfee having died near 
thi' mouth of the Kentucky Kiver, four years be- 

The Indians gave so uiuch anxiety this s])ring 
(1781) that all the families in the neighborhood 
o-athered into James McAfee's Station, except AMI- 
liam :Mc.\fee's widow and her family, who had a 
Citation of their own on Salt River, near llarrods- 
burg. .Tames McAfee and family occupied the 
cabin at the north-east corner of the station, and 
Rolitrt had the one at the south-west corner. In 
April of this year some Indians tried to steal the 
horses belonging to the station that were in a 
stable close by. By a dexterous movement of tho 
men inside the scheme of the Indians was thwarted, 
but a more serious adventure with the savages was 
soon to try the courage and rescnirces of all the men 
in the fort. 

May 9, 1781, early in the morning, when there 
were only thirteen men in the Statitni, an attack 
was made by one hundred and fifty Indians. They 
had spent the night only about a mile below the 
stati(ni. but by sunrise had posted themselves on 
all sides of the same, but mostly on the east and 
south. The cattle and the dogs had exhibited some 
uneasiness during the night, but all suspicions 
aroused by their behavior had been quieted. It 
seems that Samuel McAfee, accompanied by a man 

named Clunendike, had taken a horse out of the 
fort to go to his farm, alioiil a mile up the river 
(towards the soulb ) to gel a bag of corn; and that 
James and Robei i .Mc.Mm' had gone out to clear 
some ground for a iiiiiii|i |)aich, only one hundred 
and fifty yards from I he fori, taking their guns 
with them and setting ihem against a tree close by. 
Samuel McAfee and Clunendike had not iiroceedcNl 
but a few hundred yards when, passing down into 
a hollow, they were fired on liy Imlians. and ("liin-^ 
endike fell dead in his tracks. Sammd McAfee at 
once turned and attempted to escape to the station, 
but ere he had gone tifteon steps he met a huge 
Indian coming directly towards him. ami at once 
each of them levelleil his gnn at the other. J'.otli 
fired at once, ihe Indian's gun nndcing a hash, and 
Samuel McAfee's making a <lear fire. The Indian 
dropped dead, and Samucd McAfee, wlnt was raji- 
idly advancing towards the station, had to jump 
over the prostrate body of his foe, several other 
Indians firing at liim as he ran. He made good his 
escape into the station. By this time Janu's and 
Robert, hearing the firing, had seized their rifles 
and started towards Ihe spot. Robert, being the 
best runner, got ahead of his brother, but James 
discovered several Indians rise from behind a brush 
heap who fired at him. s(nne of the balls cutting his 
clothes. James took shelter behind a tree, but at 
once discovered six or seven other guns pointed at 
him fr(Hu another direction, the discharges from 
which cut up the dust at his feet. He then turned 
and reached the station unharmed. Robert, who 
was ahead of James, rapidly running towards the 
spot where the first firing occurred, went on till he 
met Samuel running back to the fort. Samu(d told 
him Clunendike ha<l been killed, and tolil him not 
to go any further, but Robert misunderstood him, 
and went on till he came in sight of Indians en- 
"ai-ed in scali)ing Clunendike, and close to where 
other Indians were lying in wait. Turning to re- 
trace his steps and nudce good his escape to the 
fort, he saw the path was intercepted by In- 
dians, and he therefore took to the woods, closely 
followed by a tall, fine looking warrior, who had 
silver rings and momis in iiis nose and ears. After 



running awhile Eobert turned upon his savage 
pursuer, when the Indian at once halted and took 
shelter behiud a tree. Kobert again ran on, and 
again the Indian pursued him. This went on for 
some time, Robert being closely pressed, and both 
he and the savage reserving their fire till the last 
extremity. At last Robert reached the turnip patch 
fence in the flat just south-west of the station, 
where he once more wheeled and the Indian again 
took refuge behiud a tree. Robert then threA\^ 
himself over the feuce and lay quiet on the earth, 
and waited for a few moment for developments. 
Directly the Indian cautiously put his head out 
from behind the tree to see what had become of his 
man. For this very move Robert had waited, aud, 
taking sure aim, he fired and killed the Indian, 
enabling him to make the fort. The firing now be- 
came general, and the Indians approached from 
every direction. The women in the fort moulded 
bullets aud prepared patches, while the men kept 
up a constant fire wherever they could see an In- 
dian within good range. Finding that they 
were making no impression on the station, 
the Indians went to killing all the liorses 
and cattle in sight. (Several rushes were 
made by the savages as if to scale the walls of the 
station, but each time they met a warm reception, 
and the Indians retreated as if beaten in order to 
withdraw the whites from the fort, but James Mc- 
Afee, Avho was in command, ordered all to remain 
in the fort, as they were too few in number to make 
such a eharge. lie told his men to \\atrh closely 
and fire only when the Indians showed themselves. 
In this way several of the foe were seen to fall 
after shots fired from the station. .Vbout ten 
o'clock a. m. th(> firing by the Indians began to 
slacken, and a noise like distant thuiuler was heard 
in tlie direction of Harrodsburg, which place was 
only six miles away. In a little time a tremeu- 
ilous yelling \\as lieard, and to the unspeakable joy 
of all the occupants of the station. Colonel Hugh 
McGary was seen coming in a gallop, in command 
of forty-five men from Harrodsburg and William 
McAfee's station, some of them having mounted 

their horses without staying to get their hats. The 
^•ells of the frighteued savages, now in full retreat 
to the west of the river, mingled with those of the 
advancing whites. A halt of a few minutes was 
made till the men in the station could get mounted 
and ready to go, aud tlu^n began I lie pursuit of the 
fleeing Indians. They were overtaken about a mile 
below the station, on the west side of the river, and 
here the firing again commenced, the Indians re- 
treating and shooting from behind trees. The pur- 
stiit was continued for several miles. The whites 
lost, in all, but two iiicii IcilbMJ, and one wounded. 
Tile Indian loss is not exactly known, Imt it was 
considerable. The prompt action of the men from 
the t\t'o adjacent stations was most gallant and 
timelj- — but for it no one can say what might have 
happened to the little band of thirteen men and 
their wives and children in the fort. After this 
attack this station sustained very little injury from 
the Indians. They learned by costly experience 
that those pioneer forts were well-nigh impreg- 
nable when defended by men of such courage and 
resource. Kentucky was not entirely delivered, 
however, from Indian depredations for about fif- 
teen years, and the very next year after this oc- 
ctured the most disastrous Mow Kentucky ever 
suffered at the hands of the savages — the Battle of 
the Blue Licks, Atigust 19, 1782 — was received, 
spreading mourning and distress throughout all 
the settlements in Kentucky. Several detailed ac- 
counts of that bloody and memorable conflict can 
be found in Collins' Kentucky, Vol. 2, pages 657-63. 
A more recent, and perhaps more accurate, account 
Mill be found in the Volume of the Filson Cltib pub- 
lications, devoted exclusively to this disastrous 
contest and the attack on Bryan's Station. These 
accounts will well repay careful perusal by any one 
interested in the pioneer period of Kentucky's his- 
tory; they should prove specially interesting to the 
descendants of the founders of the Salt River Set- 
tlement, inasmuch as the Indian invasion which 
they recount furnishes a vivid illustration of the 
tragic circumstances amid which the McAfees and 
their associates began their pioneer enterprise on 
Salt River. 



The year 1781 was a most memorable one on sev- 
eral accounts, and especially because near its close 
(October 19) the anny of Lord Cormvallis sur- 
rendered at Yorktowu, thereby virtually endint; the 
war of the Colonies with England. But the final 
signing of the treaty of peace did not occur till 
September 3, 1783. In those early days news trav- 
elled slowly, and it was a long time after Cornwal- 
lis's surrender till the whites in the K(>utii(lvy 
backwoods and their savage foes, north and south 
of them, came fully to realize that the Clolonies 
were soon to bo in position to luru all their re- 
sources against the Indians. The disastrous Battle 
of the Blue Licks, just now referred to, in which 
the whites lost seventy-four brave men — about one- 
tenth of their entire fighting force in Central Ken- 
tucky — ^occurred the 10th of August, 1782, nearly 
a year after the English forces had been over- 
whelmingly defeated. Nor did the savages give up 
the contest when they learned of the withdrawal of 
the British armies from America, but for at least 
ten years longer continued to harass the settlers of 
Kentucky, though with constantly diminishing 
vigor. It was about the year 1794 that the people 
of Kentucky in all parts of the State began to feel 
perfectly safe against Indian deiiredations, and 
ceased to make use of their forts or stations. Thus 
it was that the McAfees and their associates had 
fifteen years of a strictly frontier life after their 
settlement on Salt River in the fall of 1779. The 
effects of such an experience upon the social, moral 
and religious life of the community can easily be 
imagined — it could not but prove in many ways 
detrimental. In the seven years from 1783 to 1790 
the damages inflicted on the Kentucky settlers by 
the Indians has been summed up thus : One thou- 
sand five hundred whites killed, twenty thousand 
horses stolen, and property of the value of fifteen 
thousand pounds sterling carried off or destroyed. 
When we bear in mind that the entire population 
of Kentucky in the year 1784 numbered only about 
thirty thousand souls, congregated in fifty-two sta- 
tions and eighteen cabins, it is easy to appreciate the 
tremendous drain of blood and treasure to which 

our pioneer fathers were subjected. (See Col. Dur- 
rett, Centenary of Kentucky, pages 46 and 51.) 

The serious aspect of this terrible experi- 
ence, however, was its bearing upon the religious 
life of thewhole body of the people. When we reflect 
iiix")!! the nbsciicc of religious and educatiomil ad- 
vantages, and lliiiik i\\' llic chief occupations and 
aims of the pro])lc, and ]iicture to our minds the 
probable themes of conversation usually prevailing, 
we can readily agree with Dr. Da\idson in what he 
says of the spiritual destitutions which obtained 
in the Salt River Settlement and elsewhere. (See 
his History of the Presbyterian Church in Ken- 
tucky, page C)3. ) I in I there was one tremendous 
advantage this particular colony enjoyed : Its heads 
of families were, ahnost to a man, good Christians, 
who had been Avell instructed from their childhoo<l 
in the doctrines and duties of the Christian religion 
as it was understood l>y Scotch-Irish Presbyterians. 
The McAfees were people of faith and ]u*ayer, who 
brought with them to the wildei'uess their Bibles 
and Catechisms, and Psalm Books, and their rev- 
erence for the Sabbath day, and their respect for 
law and order. Such people a backwoods life 
might indeed greatly injure, but could not utterly 

The year 1783 was marked by a considerable in- 
flux of newcomers, especially from Virginia. It 
was in this year that the wife of James McAfee, 
Sr., died at the home of her son-in-law, Mr. Guant, 
three miles south-west of Harrodsburg. On his 
farm she was buried.-' The ])0]uilation of Kentucky 
now numbered about tliirty thousand semis, but 
these were so widely scattered that there 
was practically no commerce. Some notion 
of the real condition of affairs may be 
gathered from the fact that it was in this 
year that the second store in Kentucky was opene<l. 
About this date, also, the tirst distilleries were 
started. The old soldiers of the Revolutionary 
army, now disbanded, were ready for a change of 
residence; ami as special privileges were accorded 
them by Virginia in the matter of acquiring lands 
in the western wilderness, thousands of them 


luriied ihcii- jittfiiiioiis to Keutucky. Aloug with tlu' other. A revival at oue was sure to prove a 
this liih' of new settlers there raiiie a devout Pres- blessiug to both. Some of the most useful mem- 
byteriaii iiiiuister from Virginia, Kev. David Eiee, hers of the Harrodsburg Chureh were couverted 
who later woii llic I itle of "leather," because he was under Dr. Cleland's ministry at New Providence, 
in large degree the founder of the I'resbyteriau and many of the Uari'odsburg Presbyterians lie 
Church iu Kentucky. Efe made his home near Dan- sleeping in the New Providence burying-ground. 
viHc, and jireached ationl over Central Kentucky The chunli building, now used liy tJu' congregation 
as he was invited and liail oiiportunitv. The first of tJie first I'resbvtei'iau ("liurcli at llarrodsburir, 
year of his residence in Kentucky he succeeded in a good picture of which is given in this volume, 
laying the f(uindations of three closely related whilst the result of several enlargements and re- 
Presbyterian churches, which were formally organ- modellings, is, substantially, the same building as 
ized in 17S."» by tlu^ election of elders and deacons, that which Mas reared in 1820. To a great many 
These cjinirjies were ilie following: Comord, lo- of the desceiulants of the McAfees that sacred edi- 
calcd at Oanville; Cane IJun, situated three miles tice jiossesses the most jirecious associations, and 
east of llai roilsburg; and New Pi-ovidence, wliich sonu' of the subscriiiers to this work largely owe 
was in flie Salt IJivei- Settlement. In the uuintn of their salvation, under God, to the instructions they 
.March, ITS:',, Kentucky, wliicli, since 1780, had and their parents enjoyed in tliat veneralile house 
consisied nf ilic ijiree counties of Jefferson, Fay- "f wdrshiji. 

elle, and Lincoln, was (H-ganized by the Virginia The McAfees were noi wiihout family religion 
legislature into the "District of Kentucky," and a during the si.K years that followed the date of 
District Couit wasopened at ITariodslairg. Father their final settlement on Salt Kiver, l)ut they cer- 
Rice's first sermon was preached at Harrodsburg tainly seem not to have had a regular JKnise of wor- 
in October of that yi'ar. The prevalent irreligion ship till 1785. In the fall of 1784 the Salt River 
of the nuisses of the settlers distressed him, and he Settlement received valuable accessions in Cap- 
returned to Virginia; but he was soon induced to tain John Annstrong and .Mi-, (ieorge Buchanan 
coine liack to Keiilncky on re^-eiviug a peliiion of both good men ami fa\orably disposed to religion 
three htindred of the settlers. He married a couple and also \\illiani .Vrnistrong, who had been an 
at ^IcAfee's Station June 3, 1781:, and on the next elder in Mr. Rice's church in Virginia. Early in 
day preached the first sermon ever heard on Salt the spring of 1785 the Salt River people entered 
Kiver, at the fuiu'ral of ^Nfrs. James ^McCoun, Sr. upon the work of erecting a building to be used f(U' 
As nil history of the McAfees could be at all com- both ciinrrh and school puiposes. A meetin"' of 
|iletc wiihout some account of the New Providence heads of families was held near the spot after- 
Clinrch. and (he early history of that church is in- wards selected for their church, at which the fol- 
.separably connected with the beginnings of the lowing men were present : James :McAfee, George 
church on Cane Run (Uarroilsburg), it is proper .McAfee, Robert McAfee, Samuel McAfee, James 
thai jusl here a brief notice of both these churches .McCoun, Sr., James McCouu. Jr.. John Armstrong, 
slumhl have a place. From 1784 to 1816 the congre- William Arm.strong, James Huchanan, George 
gationof Cam-Run worehipped at its original seat, Buchanan, Joseph Lyon, and John McGee. Two 
but, fr(Mii that dale on to the present time Harrods- sites were offered; one by James McAfee, and au- 
burg has been the Innue of the congregation. For other by James :\rcCoun ; ami after considerable 
a great many years the Harrodshurg Church was warm del>ate the two acres ottered liy James Mc- 
associated with New Providence in the support of Afee were accepted. The vote stood seven to five, 
the pastor. Communion occasions at one of these As soon as they had gotten their corn planted the 
churches were largely attended by the members of men began the erection of a plain log meeting- 



Very dear to many of the Woodses and McAfees. 






liouse twenty by eighteen feet in size, and liere 
Father Rioo preached once a montli I'oi' about 
eleven years. Tliis Iiouse stood on the side of the 
hill about fifty yards to the south of the west end 
of the church building afterwards erected, and 
which in recent years was abandoned wlicn the con- 
gregation cliangcd Ihe location of llicii' liouse of 
\\((rslii]i and built a large and well-appointed brick 
church on the pike about a mile north of the pres- 
ent village of McAfee. The name "New Provi- 
dence" was given this church organization, not, as 
some might su])))ose, in honor of the old clnii-cli of 
that nanu- in the A'alley of Virginia, with which 
some of these peo]ile had worship]ied ]iiioi' to their 
emigration to Kentucky, but out of gratitude to 
(tocI for the many remarkai)le tokens of His 
gracious care they had received in the past, espe- 
cially that great deliverance of August 12, 1773, 
out on the Big Black Mountains, an account of 
which w as given in a previous chapter.-'' 

During those early years the people were com- 
l)elletl, for safety, to reside in the stations, and 
when they went to church to worship God on the 
Sabbath they took their rities along. The danger 
was not inmginary, for as late as 17!>0 some people 
on Urasiiear's Creek were tired on by Indians as 
they were returning from church. In 1700 the first 
log-house was replaced by one double its size, and 
this was further enlarged in 1S03. Finally, some 
years later, the log church was superseded by a 
substantial bi-ick cditice which stood for perhaps 
sixty years, and was at last abandoned, as above 
stated, when the congregation built their present 
commodious house on the pike a mile north of Mc- 
Afee. =" 

The Rev. Dr. Thomas Cleland was the able and 
devoted pastor of that church for forty-five years — 
from 1813 to 1858. During twenty-six of these 
years— from 1813 to 1839— Dr. Cleland was also 
the pastor of the Harrodsburg Church. His was a 
fraitful ministry, and there were yeai's at a time 
when at Ifotli New Providence and Harrodsburg 
the most precious revival scenes Avere witnessed. 

The chui'cli-vard in the midst of which thischurch 

stood, and whicli is at this day (1904) one of the 
most tenderly venerated ''God's Acres" in 
Kentucky, deserves a passing notice. Two pic- 
tures of it are given in this volume. The one taken 
from the former site of the old brick church, look- 
ing north-west, shows the tombstone of Dr. Cle- 
land. It stands hardly an inch (o the b'ft of tiie 
large tree in the center of llie picinre. It is the 
larger of two headstones rounded at the top, and 
leans perceptibly to the right. There Dr. Cleland 
was buried in IS.'S. About one and a half inches 
to the left of IM'. (Meland's tombstone (in the pic- 
ture), stands a tail inonnnient, whicli also leans to 
the right, (hat marks Ihe grave nf General Hubert 
B. McAfee, the failhriil chronicler of the McAfee 
family, who dieil in istl). The other picture of this 
church-yard gives a view (d' it looking to the south- 
west. This view, as the other, includes the graves 
of many of the older .McAfees and their descend- 
ants. Only two of the five pioneer McAfee broth- 
ers are buried here — George and Samuel. The 
eldest of the five, James, is buried, with his wife, in 
the old Pioneer Burial Place, which is on a hill 
some five or six hundred yards south by west from 
this enclosure, in the direct idu of his stone house. 
William died near the mouth of the Kentucky 
River in 1780, and was probably buried there. Rob- 
ert was assassinated by a Spaniard in New Orleans, 
May 10, 1795, while on his own flatboat, and 
he was buried near the hospital in that city. The 
New Providence Churchyai-d was first opened for 
burials at the very beginning of Ihe nineteenth cen- 
tury, for (ieorge .McAfee, wIki died in 1803, was 
buried there. After the lapse of a century it is still 
in fair condition, and is the preferred burying-place 
of most of the families residing in that vicinity ;but 
it is nearly filled wiih graves, and there may be 
danger of its falling soun inin disuse, especially as 
it is not only distant from any considerable town, 
but (|uite a iiiib- I'l'cini Ihe present house of worship 
of the congregation whose name it bears. No ceme- 
tery in all Kentucky is more closely identified with 
the very first settlenieii I nf I he »State, and il wmihl 
be a great mistake for the good people of that wor- 


thy (•(iiuiiiuniiv 1(1 allow it lo fall iiilo decay. Ken- years ( i'nuii ihc -Inly ilay in 177:'., wlieii llie Mc- 

tueky eoutains no iiKii-c iKiialile relic (if her pioneer At'ees tirst set foot on the hanks of Sail Kivei-| 

,jjjyj^_ ihey had reni()V(^d to Keutncky ; had I'dnnded a 

The ]ioiml,!ti(in of Kenincky raiiidly increased, pernianeni seitlenient, and ]iid])e(l lo Un\\u\ a tireat 

and ihe |ie.i|)le he^au lo feel ihe disadvantages dno Conunonweallh ; and at leiigtii had passed from 

to their heiin: so far removed from the civil antlior- tliis (>arth, leavius"" behind them a noble oommnnity, 

ities of \'iri;inia. to whom ihey were res]ionsilde. A and a uniiierous jioslerity wlio rise ti]i and call ihem 

vasi monniain-w ildeiiiess several hundred miles lilessed. The old cliurch organization. licLinn in 

in extent s( jiaraied them fi-oni the capital of their ]7S~y. still abides in strength and nsefnlness. and 

State. The jonrney to and fi-oni it was tedious and from its pnl]iit the Gos]iel of Cod's grace is still 

perilons. Hence, in 17SI. was held the first of a proclaimed to saint and sinner. The old chnrch- 

long scries of coii\ cni ions, looking to separation \ai-(l, now hoar\ with the moss of a century, still 

from the mother State. There was no had feeling holds the ]irecions dnst of many of the .McAfee 

in this moNcmcni on ihc |iart of the Ivenlncky peo- dead, .\cross the \'alley five or six hnndred yards 

pl( . and X'iiginia acted with a prudent generosity. towards the sontli, on a commanding knoll, sleeps 

The (iiitcome of the long years of deliheratiou was ih,. hody of ilie eldest of the five ])ioneer lirothers. 

that N'ii-ginia linally allowed her fair danghter to along with that of his beloved Agnes, in sight of 

depart, and in 17!l"_' K(ntn(k.\ iiecame a separate the old stonehonse erected in 17".M). And the little 

State of the American I'nion. having at the time river near by tlows qnietly on as it did whiMifirst the 

ahont one hnndred ihonsand inhabitants. (All AhAfees looked npon it a hundred and thirty-one 

who would lik\' to ha\(' a jusi and interesting de- years ago. .\.ll through the old settlement are still 

script ion of the Kentucky of 17'.il' are advised to to he found numerous families deseemle«l from 

read the cha^jtei- on thissuhjcct by ('(d. K. T. Dur- those i)ioneers, wh(» stand, as their ancestors did. 

rett, in "The Centenary (d' Kentucky,"" pages 70-85. j for industry, patriotism and religion — for all that 

When Kentuckv was admitted I, Mhe bnion the Mc- .sioes to constitnte the sturdy manhood and tlie 

lo\-ely womanhood for which Kentucky has justly 
been famed throughout all her history. The coun- 
try (d" Kentucky, emliracing more than 40,000 
s(piare miles, whidi dii] not contain a single wiiite 
family when tirst the .McAfees visited it in 177:5, 

had urow n to lie a State with 4LMI.0II0 inhabitants 

ihe five McAfee brothers, Samuel. In 1S0:J CJeorue i ,i ,• ,\ } ^ e ^i 4i ■ i »i i i 

•^ by the iiuh' the last (d the hve pnineer brothers had 

departed this life, l-'inally. in IS 11, James, the passed away. We. their desc-endants, are permitted 
(ddest .d" the rive, at liie ri](e age of seventy-five, to view it in its splendid maturity, a grr^nd Com- 
passed away. Thus in liie course (d' thirty-eight luonweallh (d' nmre than two million ]ieoph'. 

Afei'C(dony had been settled on Salt K'iver thirteen 
years, and was steadily proi^ressing ; and the envir- 
onmeiii and general condilions of the jteople are 
W(dl portrayed in the chapter cited. The jeAV 
]S(»1 was marked li\ the death of the xduniiest of 





James McAfee, yr.. and liis wife Jane, as has al- 
ready been noted, had nine children, as follows: 
James, Jr., Joiin, ilalcolm, George, Mary, Robert, 
Margaret, Samuel, and William — seven sons and 
two daughters. Concerning several of them and 
many of their children we laiow almost nothing, 
and of none of them do we know enough to enable 
us to honor their memories with a complete biog- 
raphy. The very ]>est the editor can do is to tell 
all he has been able, after years of earnest labor, 
to learn of each of the nine children, and the chil- 
dren's children, in regular order. As long as the 
majority of people take more pains to preserve the 
pedigree of a blooded horse, or even a fine dog, than 
that of theii" own ancestors, none need marvel that 
the editor has been unable to induce some of his 
kinsmen even to make a reply to letters of inquiry 
touchiug the history of the family. Ad<litional 
items, however, may be found in some of the 
Sketches of Patrons in Part III. 

The Children of J.\jies McAfee, Sr. 

A— JA.AIES :\lcAl'EE. JR.— 1786-1811. 

James McAfee, Jr., the tirst child of James, Sr., 
and his wife Jane, was born in County Armagh, 
Ireland, in 1T3(), and when only three years old 
migrated with his parents to America in the spring 
of 1739. With them lie resided some years in Penn- 
sylvania, and with them he moved, about 1716, to 
North Carolina, and later, in 1717, or 1748, to 
Catawba Creek, which was then in Augusta County, 
Virginia. Therefore be was scarcely twelve years 
old when he began living in Virginia. His father 
probably lived from 1718 to 1771 on the farm he 
bought of Poage, and sold to Archibald Woods, 
near the head of Catawba, and tlien moved four 
miles farther down that stream to a farm ([uite 

close to the now well-kn<i\\ n Kuanuke Red Sulphur 
Springs. On this farm uikc sIikkI an aiicirnt In- 
dian fort. Part of tht* old house at the latter i)lace, 
built of walnut logs, was standing a few yeai's 

We have good reason to believe tliat the mar- 
riage of James, Jr., to Agnes Clark, occurred about 
17.">9-17<):.', wlieii he was about twenty-three to twen- 
ty-six years did. Siie was the daughter of one 
Thomas Clark (Or Clarke) who came to America 
with a family by the name of Walker, landing at 
Charleston, S. C, al)out 1712. He returned to Ire- 
land, but again came to America and landed at 
Charleston, where he shortly after died, or was 
murdered. It has been surmised tliat he was a 
near relative of the father of General George Rog- 
ers Clark, but nothing positive as to this matter is 
known by the writer. It is also said that George 
Rogers Clark, left an orphan in youth, was reared 
in part by James and his wife. It is not without 
significance that when Clark first visited Kentucky 
(1775) he went to the very region in wliicli the Mc- 
.Vfees had entered lands. 

James McAfee, Jr., must have received a fair 
educatiou in the ordinary' English branches; the 
journal which he kept on his tour to Kentucky in 
1773, and certain facts known to tJic writer, clearly 
indicate as much. The writer has in his possession 
a paper signed by him in 1790, and it shows a good, 
clear handwriting. He was j)robably nothing but 
a farmer all his life, and nearly the wliole of his 
life he resided in frontier regions. In the year 1763 
(February Kith i his father deeded to him a tract of 
110 acres of land on Catawba Creek, in wliat then 
was Augusta County, but what was Botetourt 
County from 1770 onward. That tract was a part 
of a. body of land which his father had patented in 


1TU>. .laiiu's. Jr.. \v;is ii'Dout twenty-seven years made (l;iily nt' ilic jdurney, ■;niiiL; and i-ciuiii- 
old, and l>nt rccenlly married, perhaps, when he ing. we look in vain for a single allusion to the 
U'ot this farm. 'I'hc rcrords of ISolelourl show that bcanties of natural scenery. The picturesque 
he and his wife, A"-nes, conveyed this farm away seems not to have attracted his attention; he was 
for .seven liundre<l pounds July S, J 77i», which was intensely, severely practical. The form of his 
onlv a few weeks prior to his final mi-ration to journal of ITTU indicates a .syst.Muatic man and 
Kentuckv. He was therefore not one of the McAfee close observei-. He took note of the good or bad 
i)rothers who had their homes on Sinking Creek. soil, the timber, the water, the adaptaiion ..f the 
This was his last conveyance to be found on the rounlry to farming purposes, but he ignored the 
Botetourt County records. The witnesses to the esthetical side of lif<-. The sense of humor is never 
deed were Wm. McBrayers, John Moore and Archi- re\ealed in his journal— not a word of sarcasm, 
bald Hill. AVhen Boone and others came back in wit or ridicule does it contain. There is no phil- 
1771 with Iheir glowing accounts of the Kentucky osophizing whatever-. Then he never once dwells 
wilderness he was a mature man and the head of a i't any length on the personal perils and hardships 
small family. Being the eldest son, he wag natur- <'f tli«' '^vay. He never wrote a line in his journal to 
allv made llic leader of the exploring company that 'ii'l attenlion to his own deeds. Even of that fear- 
made the tour to Kentucky in 1773. Besides his fnl day on the I'.ig Jtlacks, August IJ, 1773, he 
senioi'ity, however, he possess(Ml sound judgment makes an e.vceedingly brief record from which nn 
and strength of character, so that throughout his one would ever have iuferretl that st a r\a lion almost 
whole career he was looked up to by the other mem did its fatal work for the whole company. Had 
hers of his father's fainily. H'" liis nephew. General R. B. McAfee, late iu life 

He was a soldier of the Virginia Colony in some wormed it out of him, it is doubtful if his descend- 
of the French and Indian \\ars ( 17.">4-17();>) , being ants would ever have known a word aiiout those 
eighteen when they began an<l twenty-seven at their terrible and thrilling experiences, 
close, and was entitled to land for the services he \\hen the (juestiou of erecting a log meeting- 
rendered, as recognized by the proclamation of the house on Salt Biver, Ky., was raise<l in 1785, he 
Colonial Governor of Virginia. In 1774 he enlisted came forward with the offer of two acres of land 
in the company of Captain Evan Shelby, and was in :is a gift for church and .school purposes, but when 
the battle at Point Pleasant, Va., where General ihe congregation chose elders to govern the infant 
Andrew Lewis defeated the brave army of Indian cluirch he, for some reason, was not made one of 
warri(U's under Chief Cornstalk. In 1776 he went them. Three were chosen, and not a McAfee 
down into Tennessee with Colonel Christian ann)ng them. (Jeorge Buchanan, James McCoun, 
against the Cherokees, whom the British had in- Sr., and William Armstrong were the men selected, 
cited to revolt. In 1777 and "78 he was in the Janus .McAfee was undoubtedly a modest man, and 
Colonial Militia as First Lieutenant, and served it may be that he declined to allow his name to be 
against the British. He was probably with General c(msi(lered. The reason this eldest one of the Mc- 
Ge(u-ge Bogers Clark iu his exiiediti(Ui against the Afees, then nearly fifty years old, and esteemed 
Ohio Indians in 1780. Thi-oughout life he proved for his good jtulgnnmt and reliability, was not put 
himself a brave man who was ready to face, with into office, we shall never know; but it is a rather 
calmness and resolution, any dangers he was called uuaecountaible fact. But the church got good men. 
to meet. one of whom, George Buchanan, suggested the 

He seems to have been, like nearly all the pion- name that was given the church an<l which it still 

eers, a man of scarcely any sentiment or ro- bears— a most appropriate name, and one which 

mance. In all his journal of 177:j, in which he only a devout man would have been apt to think of. 




S £ 

o £ a^ 

O m 4; 



city, wliicli included seven slaves, was inventoried 
at $3,788.11.'. The acinal value (if the 1,700 acres 
(if land devised liy the will we can (udy ^uess at — 
it uia\ iiave lieen .$2.5,000. We know that to-day it 
wduld Iniui; ])rolial)ly three tinu's thai sum. We 
iiia\' sa\' ilial he Icll an estate worlh not far from 

The name "New I'l-ovidcncc" was uiven to signalize \\do(ls, dr.; his daughter Betsy, wife of William 

the grateful recollect i(.n whicii lliose people cher- Davenport; his daughter Nancy, the wife of Alex. 

is||,.,i ,,(■ II, c innny special dciiwrauces (iodhad I'.uchauau ; and the four children (d' his daughter 

vouchsafed to iheni from 1773 (o 17S.x IVggy McKamey. To his s,ui (Mark he gives what 

When the little c(dony arrived at l-'alt River in he calls "my farm and about five hundred acres 

the fall of 1779, the Station which was to he for corneidng on John .Armstrong's land." By "my 

the ne.xt fifteen years the centrni rallying jdace for farm" was pr(dialdy meant his old home place, on 

defence, was erected on his land. To -Tames .Me- which stood the stone house which he erected in 

.\fee"s Station the whole community repaired in 1700. .\s this farm ]U'ohal)ly C(mtained 400 acres 

the hour of danger through many years. in- juust have given (Mark 900 acres in all. To John 

He evidentlv was prospered in his worldly he gave 300 acres on the west side of Salt River, 
affairs despite the considerahle family he had ; and lie juMivided that r)00 acres more, heiug the balance 
when, by the year 1790, it was apparent he could of the "home tract," was to be divided u]) between 
pianlently cease living in a fori, he proceeded to Betsy T>avenport, Nancy Buchanan, and the four 
erect what, in tiuit day, must have seemed a pa- children (d' reggy .McKamey. His personal ju'op- 
latial mansion — a neat two-story dwelling (d' 
dressed stone. And so well did his w(U-knien per- 
form their task that after die lapse (d' one hundred 
and fourteen years it is a comf(n'table dwelling 
still, and used as such. The picture of it in this 
volume faithfully re]U'esents ii as il, was only a few 
years ago (in IS'.i.".). There is jiroiiably not a .|30,000. 0(1, which, in iliat dav, would ha\-e been con- 
house in all Kentucky at this time, of any descrip- sidered rather large. Sally | I'atsy i and Woodford 
tion, that antedates the birth of Kentucky as a Woods, the children (d' his daugliler .Mary by her 
State and is still in such good liabitable condition. last husband, Samind Woods, Jr., were assured a 
ft is one of the relics which the State, as such, home and educati(Ui. Their brother, James Har- 
ought to keep from jierishing from I lie land. Ken- vcy AN'oods, is not mentioned in the will, and ju'ob- 
iiicky has never yet done anything to attest her ap- ably because he was now ( in 1809) eighteen years 
preciation of the .AIcAfee family, who were of her of age, and was making his own living. Fnuu the 
earliest and noblest pioneers, and here is a spot on way in whicli he speaks of the two '\\'oods children 
which she might widl erect some beneficent institu- it would seem that their mother, .Alary, may not 
tion such as an industrial school, for example, as have been then alive. 

a monument to men who contribiiied in no small James McAfee died June 25, ISll, aycd seventy- 

nieasiire to the founding (d' the (' mouAvealtli. five years, as we learn from the tombstone at his 

James McAfee's will was made January 24, 1809, grave. Ills wile, .\gnes, survived him not <|uite 

and admittcMl to record at the .Mercer County July three years, dying May 2, 1814. They were buried 

Court of 1811. His two S(Uis, John and Clark, he side by side in the old Pioneer Graveyard, on the 

named his executors. The witnesses were General top of the hill, about six or seven hundred yards to 

R. B. McAfee, Sammd Bunt(m and Hannah Mc- the north-east of the old stone, and about five 

Afee. He mentions the following j.ersons in the or six hundred yards to the south-west, by south, 

will: his "loving wife, .\gues" ; his .sons J(din, and ,,f ijic New Providence Churcdiyard. The editor 

Clark; his two grandchildren, Sally, and Wood- of this V(diime visited the spot in the summer of 

ford Woods, wlio were the (uphan children of his 1897, and found all the stones of both graves lying 

daughter :\rary by her last husband, Samuel flat on the ground, and almost hidden from view. 



They are ueat stones, and the insoriptioiiis on Uieni east of her laihci's I ic i>ii ilic lianks of James 

are very clear. Tliey Iiave Iteen reset in position, Ivivcr, ihcic lived a well in-dn y()uii_i;\\i(hi\ver. whose 

but they hick a proper foundation. Tlie (wo iiainc was i)a\ id Woods. I!y Hie will of j:is fatlier, 

graves lie side hy side and extend due east and \\iiu died in 1777, l)a\id had conic int<i possession 

west. That of .Tames, \\liicli is ihc inoi'c northerly of the old iioiiicslcad on llic-laincs, which included 

of the two, is just tweuty-sevt'U and a half feet fcnir hundred acres of ^ 1 land, ii has been 

south of the fence which runs, east and west and known iioih as ilie "Hollow t'oi-d I'ai-ni."" aud as 

divides the farm of ^^'atts from tlu- fiidd in which the "Slie|(liei(l Island Farm." ii is located about 

the graves are. No care whatever is taken of this live miles below liuclianan, and directly opposite 

ancient burial-place. It is in an open field where the village of Indian Kock. I'rom that farm down 

.s.tock roved at will, and unless the descendants of to ihe home (d' -T.nnes McM'ee, dr.. on the ("atawha, 

the sainted dead provide a substantial enclosure it was hni a day"s journey, and l>avid came to like 

for Ihe i)]ace, in a few nH)re years Hie grave stones fo travel that way. Certain it is, he mari'icd Mary, 

w ill have been broken to pieces and scattered, and His first wife had left him one <laugliter. .\nn, and 

the last resting-])lace oi' the leader (d" the McAfee one son named John. I'or various reasons the 

brothers will have become indistinguishable, and 
trodden nnilcr the feet of cattle and horses. There 
are other graves near by, the mosl <if which have no 
grave stones in position aud nothing to indicate 
whose ashes are sleei)ing there — an apt illustration 
(>{ tlie truth that the deadest and most desolate 
thing in all this wurld is a cemeiery that has 
ceased to lie used an<l cared for, and to which lov- 
ing hands c(une no more to lay the tributes (d' atfec- 
lion on the graves of those who slumber there. 

James ]*lcAtVe, Jr., and Agnes had lioru to them 
eight children, to wit: Mary, John, Janu's III, 
Elizabeth, Nancy, (ieorge, Margaret, and Thomas 
Cl.-irk, of each (uie (d' whom, in order, such notice 

date of his marriage to .Mary has to be fixed not 
later than the simuner of 177!l. If he was born, as 
is sujiposed, in 1742; and married his first wife in 
17fi8; ami his first child, .\nn, was born in 1764; 
and Ids second child, .lolin, was liorn in 1700; then 
in 1770. when he married his second wife, Mary, 
he was himscdf thirty-seven, his daughter Ann was 
fifteen, and his sou John was thirteen, whilst ilary, 
the new wife, was possibly only about sixteen. 
Whilst none of these dates are capable of exact 
verification, it is believed tliat not one of them can 
be far from the truth in the case. This second 
marriage of D.avid must have occurred in 1778 or 
1779, a short time before the migration of the Mc- 

w ill be given as the information at the editor's com- Afees to Kentucky. When that large colony de- 
mand nuty warrant. It is with deep regret, how- parted for the western wildeiiiess James McAfee's 
ever, tlmt lie is obliged to pass so nmny by with a eldest child, Mary, was the wife of David Woods, 

and perhaps mistress of the old homestead on the 
James Rivei-. P.ut it was natural that she and her 
husband slionld be attracted to Kentucky. We 

bare mention. 

The Ciiii.miioN of James ^McAfee, .Jr 
I_MA1{V .Mc.\ FEE- 1761-1814. (?) 

:\rary, the first child of James and Agnes, was, 
l)ey(uul reasonable doubt, born on Catawba Creek, 
some eight or ten miles noiih-west of Salem, Vir- 
ginia. The date (if her birth, we have good cause 
for believing, was aliout ]7(;tl-l 70:>. The most that 
we certainly know concerning her r(dates t<i hei- two 
nuirriages, and ihere was something of romance 
about both of them. About thirtv-five miles north- 

know that there was, a few years later, quite a 
migration of Woodses from T.otetourt to the very 
region in which the :McAfees had settled. David 
was the main executor of his father's estate, which 
may hav(> required some years for its winding up; 
and then Ihe IJevolution was in progress, aud it 
may be llial lie was slow to follow his wife's peo- 
ple to the ^^■est. It is, nevertheless, possible that 
he may have accompanied (he ^McAfees, who moved 
(lie ITth of August, 1779, for the Botetourt records 



show Hull Aui;iisl 1], 1770. ho sold the old home- 
stciid to his lu-other-iii-law, 'Williain Campbell, for 
lliirl\ li\c Iniiidrcd pdiiiids. Tliis, however, is uot 
considered mtv ])i-ol)alile, hecanse liis lii-other 
Saimiel and family seem lo have accompanied him, 
iiiid I he iirsi IvHown entries of land made in Ken- 
lucky hy ciilicr David or Samnel conld not have 
aiiledaled 17S:;. (.r 1 7S2, at most. But wliatever 
llie exact dale, we know certainly that I>avid and 
liis wife, and all his children (except iiis first wife's 
danjiliter .\un. who liad married a Jonathan Jen- 
innn-s) and liis \\ idnwi^d mother, and his brother 
Samuel and family were all livinff in Kentucky by 
iho year 17S.'?. ;uid ].ossihly by the fall of 1782. 
The land cnlries nunle by Samnel and David in 
ivcnl ncky. and (itliei- cdnsidcral ions, raise a very 
stroui^- presumption in support of this conclusion. 
David A^'oods. with his family, settled in what 
is knoM n as the Cane Run nein;hborliood, a few 
miles east of Ilarrodsburji;, Ky. There he died in 
1786. His ^\'ill, on record in Mercer County, shows 
that it was written in September, 1780, and ]u-o- 
hated in January following'-in less than four 
mouths thereafter. In his will lie mentions Mary, 
his ••licloved wife;" Ann, the daughter of his first 
wife, who was now the wife of Jonathan Jennings, 
and her lirodier John, and the three children of his 
last marriage, ^'aucy, AMlliam, and l^lizabeth. 

Samuel W Is, Sr., David's brother, was one of the 

witnesses to the will, and he was made the guar- 
dian of the minor children. Thus Mary was left a 
widow, at the age of about twenty-five, with three 
young childi'cn of her own, and one stepson, now 
nearly grown. 

For fear of imitaling too closely the modern his- 
torical romance, the editor has refrained from any 
suggestive references thus far to a certain younsr 
man, the son of Samuel Woods, Sr., and nephew of 
David Wdods, deceased. That would have pre- 
sented a "sensational situation." Fidelity to the 
actual lacls, however, now compel lis to introduce 
liiin. Samnel Wo.ids. Jr., was probably a young 
man of aiioui Iwenly-two or four when Mai-y was 
iett a widow , and hence something like one to three 

years her junioi-. Exact dates can uot be given, 
but those \\-e do give liave strong circumstantial evi- 
dence to support them. Samnel, Sr., was the guar- 
dian of Mary's children, but Samuel, Jr., seems to 
have aspired to still greater tilings — he became, 
aliout five years laiter, the guardian of those chil- 
dren, and of their mother, as well. About the year 
17'.il he and .Mary were married, and Samuel, Sr., 
gave his son a fine start in life in the way of lands 
and personal i)roperty. Aud as the years passed, 
and :\Iary bore to him four children of his own, 
he soon found himself the head of a very consider- 
able family. This marriage was opposed by the 
meuibcrs of the two families, owing, no doubt, to 
;\rary's being one to three years her husband's 
senior, and to the fact that he was her nephew-in- 
law. But it seems to have ]»roved a happy match, 
and there were only sentimental reasons to be 
urged against its consummation. If we look at all 
the facts calmly, aud recall how scarce eligible ma- 
terial for wives was at that day in Kentucky, and 
note that there was a quite reasonable delay (five 
years! no blame can attach to any one for the 
forming of that union. The children of Samuel 
Woods, Jr., and IMary were the following: (a) 
James Harvey Woods, who w^as born in 1792, aud 
died in 1800; (li) An.\, who married George Bo- 
hon; (c) I'atsy, who married a Slicely, and (d) 
Wouwa)i!i), who died liefore reaching nuinhood. In 
1802 3Iary was again bereaved of a husband, 
Samuel ^^■oods, Jr., dying before he hail reached 
the age of forty. She did not survive him a great 
many years. ^\'hen her father, James INIcAfee, 
wrote his will in ISdil he rcd'erred to her minor 
children in a way to indicate^ she might not be 
alive. There are references to her in the court 
proceedings of Mercer County, which prove she 
was dead by 1813. About a dozen of the descend- 
ants of this couple are subsci^ibers to this volume. 


John McAfee was the second child of James, 
Jr., and Agnes, his wife. The editcu' has no knowl- 
edge of him except that he married :\Iargaret 
Ewing. daughter of Samuel Ewing, Jr., who was 




the son of Samuel Ewing, Sr., who luarried oue 
Margaret McMichael, and tliat when his father 
wrote his will in ISO!) he mentions this son hy 
niaane, giving- him 300 acres of land lying on the 
west side of Salt River, and ((HisI Killing liini one 
of the executors of the estate. John w as no douht 
born on Catawba Creek, Virginia, and tlie date of 
his birth was probably not far from the year 1765. 
We have no means of knowing when he died, or 
whether he left any children. 


James McAfee III was liic lliiid child of James 
McAfee, Jr., and Agnes. He was born in Virginia, 
possibly about 1767, but he died very suddenly in 
his bed oue nigiit in tlie year 17So. 


Elizabeth (Betsy) McAfee was the fourth child 
of James, Jr., and Agnes. The date of her birth 
may have been about 1770. She married William 
Davenport. In ISOiJ lier father, in his will, left 
500 acres of laud, one-third tlie proceeds of which" 
was to be given to her. 


Namcy McAfee was tlie hfth cliihl of dailies, Jr., 
and Agues. It is not positively known, but she 
was probably born iu Botetourt Couuty, \'irginia, 
on Catawba Creek, about the year 1773. She no 
doubt came to Kentucky with her parents in 1779. 
Later on slie married Alexander Buchanan, her 
first cousin, by whom she had six children, to wit: 
(a) il.VKY; (b) Jamus iM.; (c) Wili-ia.m ; (d) 
Alexaxdku; (e) Caleis; and (f) (iiooiiUE. In the 
section in this volume devoted to the Buchanans 
will be found a full account of the desceiidantis of 
Nancy McAfee, to which the reader is nd'erred. 
She and her husband lie side by side in Nt'w I'rov- 
idence Chiirchyanl, and their descendants ai'e peo 
pie of high social position and moral wortli. 

The sixth child of James, Jr., and Agnes was 
George, wlio \\iis prolmbly born about (lie year 
1776. He was never married, and died in 1804. 


The sevenlli diild of •Iniiies, Jr., and Agnes was 
^largaret (oflen culled I'eggy). Slie was born 
in Kentucky, for ilie date of her birili was 
:May 15, 17S(). (he year after tlie :\IcAfees set- 
tled in Kentucky. She married John McKamey, 
who was eleven years her senior, by whom slie had 
children. The reader is referred for further iiifor- 
iiiatiou coiicerniiig this liraucli of tlie family to the 
sections (le\dted lo .Mrs. Margai'et D. Guthrie, ilrs. 
Champ Clark, and .Mrs. Jomnie ^I. ^larshall. 

Her father ineiition.s her in his will in connec- 
tion with her four children, in 1809, as if she was 
then a widow. 


The eighth and last child of James, Jr., and 
Agnes was Thomas Clark (Clark is often spelled 
with a. final e). He was born in Kentucky in 
1785. In the year 1S08 he married Nancy 
Greathouse, of Shelby County, Kentucky, by whom 
he had nine children, as follows: (a) George G. ; 
(b) Is.vAC; (c) 10i.i/..\r.KTii K.; idi Thomas Ci.i:- 
laxd; (el William 1j:\vis: (fi Sarah Jaxe; (g) 
Ameuica; (hi Nancy Clauke; and (j) JIauy E. 
Tlie sections in the succeeding chapter of this vol- 
ume devoted to ^liss Sallie Daingerheld, .Mrs. Wil- 
liam L. McAfee, and Mr. Edwin McAfee will con- 
tain addilionni mailer in regard tit this branch of 
the family, lo which I he rea<ler is referred. 

"Clarke McAfee," ;is his fallier refers to him in 
his will, was a favorite son of his jiartMits. lie in- 
herited tlie (dd sionc mansion which his father 
built, and in which he resided at the time of his 
death in ISII, nud a hirL;c body nf tine land. He 
was one of the execniors of his father's estate. He 
died in 18l.'7, and his descendants are scattei-ed 



ihrdiiLtliniii iIh- I'liidii. It ix ;i matttM' of sincere County, Pennsylvania. April 13, 1740. He was 
rcurcl that so little is to be found in this volume in with his parents in their various nugrations, and 
regard to (his prcunincnt nu'uiber of the McAfee \\as a lioy u( about seven or (^-ight years when they 

tinally settled on ("atawlia Creek, Virginia. When 
tlie Frencii and Indian wars began (1754) he was 
ton young lo !)<■ a soldirr; liui as liinsc wars con- 
tinuiil Cor nine years, and (ienci'al I\. B. McAfee 
states that "nearly all" of the McAfee men partici- 
jiated in I hem. we must believe that George served 
during al least some of the latter years of that 
long series of contests between the British, on the 
luie side, and llie allied I'^rencli and Indians, on 
Ihe ol her. 

AMieii I lie e.\|»loring tour to Kentucky was un- 
dertaken in 177:>, (ieorge, who was then a stalwart 


Childijen of James McAfee^ Sr. 



John, tlie second child of James ]\IcAfee, Sr., 
and Jane, his wife, was born in County Armagh, 
Ireland, in 1737 or 1738, and came with his parents 
to America, and accom]ianie<l them in their several 
migrations till they tinally settled in ^'ii'ginia, in 
1717 oi' 1748. Here he sjient about twenty years 
of his life. The region near the head of Catawba 
Creek was exposed to Indian attacks down nearly young man <ir ihirty-three, entered into it heartily. 
lo I lie close of the eighteenth century, and John He took a woiiliy part in all the experiences of that 
.McAfee ITT, as he came lo malurity, had to do ser- remarkable i rip, and also in Ihe series of visits sub- 
vice against the sa\ages from lime to time. In the s<'(pu'nlly made lo Kiuitncky in prepare ilie way for 
year 1708, when in the prinu' of his manhood, he the final settlemeni there. He was in (/apt. Evan 
was killed by the Indians al llie ford of Keed Shelby's company at the Battle of I'oint I'leasant, 
Creek, not far from the poini where ihat stream October, 1774, willi Colonel Christian in liis expe- 
enters Ihe New Ifiver. Noiliing farlher is known diti(ui againsi ihe ( 'hemkees, in 1770, probably in 
of his life. He was the tii'st of I wo sons James Mc- t^'ie Virginia miliiia sei'ving the C(dony against the 
.\fee. Sr., had In resign in llie defence of his conn- I>rilisli in I777-I77S. ;ind willi (ieneral (ieni-ge 
fry againsi a blood-thirsly foe, William being the Kogers Clark in his expedition against Ihe Indians 
other, senile twidve years later. iu Ohio in 178(1. It was probably sonuMvhere be- 
tween the years 170.") and 1770 that he was married 
to Susan Curry, who was his first cousin, and a 
daughter of AVilllam Curry. It is said that in 
Malcolm, the third child of James, Sr., and his 1781 he received from Benjamin Harrison, Gov- 
wife Jane, was born in Couniy Armagh, Ireland, ennu' »{ Miginia, a grant of 1.40(1 acres of land in 
iu the year 17:!'.». only a few imuiths befoi'c his par- recognition of his services as a Revolutionary sol- 
cuts set sail fin- Ameriia. While coining over on dier. ll is slaled by Collins (Vol. 2, page 249) 
file ship In. was taken ill, and lie died only a few that he, like his brothers, James ami Robert, kept a 
days before llie vessel sighled l.iml on (his side of daily journal of the tonr to Iventucky in 1773, but 


the .Mlaiilic. 'Pile l)ody of (he liiilo liabe was 
lowei'ed inlo Hie dee]>. and his jia reals had to enter 
this New World under ilie shadow of a peculiar 


George McAfee. Ihe fimrlh child of James, Sr., 

the editor, afler due inquiry, could not learn any- 
thing of it. 

The survey of his land on Salt River, on which 
he afterwards resided, was made on either the 22d, 
23d, or 24th of July, 1773. It lay on the east liank 
of Salt River, about a mile and a half due south- 
west of the present town of Salvisa. His house 
stood only a few hnndi'ed vards west of where the 
and Jane, was born on Ocinraio Creek, Lancaster track of the Southern Railway now runs. When 




tlie compan}' had that critical experience Aumist 
12, 1773, on the Big Black Monntains, he seemed 
nearer to fatal exhanstion than either of his broth- 
ers, and he would most probably have died liad not 
relief come Ix'fore the follo\\inti' HKiruinn. lie was 
back in Kentucky witli his brothers early in the 
spring of 1775, and he and William McAfee cleared 
a small piece of ground at tliat time at a spring 
which runs into the Town Branch a short distance 
below Harrodsburg. Tlie company started back to 
Virginia in April of that year, after making im- 

Tlie first diilil nf ( icdrge, Sr., and Susan Curry 
was .lubn, \\li<i I'ncd Id iiiaiilindil uiiiii;iri'i«;d, and 
(lied in Sdiilli ("ai'dlina while engaged in trading. 
Ndtliing further is know n of him. 


The second chihl of George McAfee by his wife 

Susan (Susannah) was named James (lY), no 

doul)t in honor of his father's elder brother, -James, 
provements on their land, and when on the 21st of j,, .p,„. ,,^.„., ,,.,,,. .„,,, j,,.,,.,, ,,,■ ,,j^ ,,,,.,,, .„.,. ^„,. 

that month they met Colonel Henderson at Scagg's ,.,,„^^,, ^,i^ jmivuIs were i-rdhnhly iniirri,.! abdui 
Creek on his way to Boonesboro, George agreed ^-^.. ^,, ^--^^ .,,,,j |,^,^^..,^ prdbabiybdrn in I!di..tdnrl 
with Robert and Samuel iu favoring Uenderson-s ^.,^,,,^^,.^ NMrginia. abdut 177:!. lie was six feet 
scheme, against the advice of tlieir older brother, ,^j„.,j_ .,j,,, ,,,. j,^^^ j,^,,^^ p„w,n-ful build, and came to 
James, and parted wit!, Iiini and the rest of the ,,^. ,.,jj,,^^.,, .,^ ..j.i„. j,,,^ McAfee", a man whom but 
company to go witli llendei'son to Boonesboro. 
But in about two uDiitlis the three younger broth- 
ers proceeded to Virginia, and later on they learned 

that the Colonial GovernmeDL repudiated Hender- 
son's claims. But George and his brothers, Bobert 
and Samuel, though mistaken in their judginent, 
had some share in tlie sd-calle(l Tiansylvania Col- 
duy undertaking, Avliicli, (lesjjite its failure, forms 
one of the most interesting and important episodes 
in the early history of Kentucky. 

Susan Curry (often called "Susanna") was the 
daughter of William ("urry. and a first cousin to 

few peoph' wuubl care to encounter in a iiand to 
hand tight. He married Nancj^ McKamey. He 
seems to liave been engaged, as so many men in 
Central Kentucky were, in taking stock, furs and 
provisions on tiat-boats down (lie Kentucky, Ohio 
and ilississippi Bivers to New Orleans. It is re- 
lated of him that uu one dccasion, having taken a 
cargo to tliat city and receixi'd liis pay fur it, he 
was making his \\a\ back JKime liy land, and lie and 
some comiianidus slojiped f(n- the night at a la\c'rn. 
A conspiracy was formed by a gang i>f thieves to 

George McAfee. She was also the sister of the rob these men, who were sniyjxiscd to have their 

Rebecca Curry who became the wife of her bus- Ixdts full of Spanish coin, and the keejx'r of the 

band's younger brother William. She was born tavern was in the plot. But after tlie keeper min- 

October 8, 1740. prol)ably in Virginia, aiid died „ied with the travellers an<l discoveicd who they 

September 3, ISIO. 

(jleorge ;McAfee, husband of Susan Curry, died 
more tlian seven years before his wife did, viz.: 
April 14, 1803. His remains lie in tin' New Provi- 
dence Churchyard, and from iiis (ombslone there 
tlie dates of his birth and death are taken. His 
grave was the first one opened in tliat venerable 
cemetery. Tlieir descendants are to be found in 
K<'ntucky. Missouri and varions uihcr ])arts oi the 
Union. Tiiis cou])i(' liad ilic rollowing six chihli-eii, 
to wit: (a) John; (b) James; (c) .Mai!(;ai!et ; 

were, lie went out to his confederates and wliis- 
pered a warning to them — "Don't tiy it : Big .lim 
McAfee is among' 'em.'' That fact seemed to imve 
a treuKUidous significance witli the i"ascals, and he 
li\(d to reach home again, lie served as a soldier 
in liie War of 1812. In the year 1826 he removed 
to Missouri. 

James ( IV I and his wife Nancy had (]ir(>e sons, 
to wit: (a) Geoi!(;e (III I, who was killed by 
lightning; (b) PiilLii'. who niarrieil I'lizabeth 

(d) Georue, Jr.; (e) SrsAX, (f) and another Shcely ; and (c) ROBERT Livi.xgstoxe. who married 
daughter. Jane Murray. Robert L. was educated at Danville, 



Ky., iind liccanic u I'rcshytcrian iiiiuislcr. Kobert 
L. and liis wifi', Jane :M. R. :\rooie, had iliildren, 
as folldws: 1. l':iizabetli, who died in infancy; 2, 
Mary Kdclicster, who married ^Marvin K. Ranks, 
who dii'd in ("olinnbia. ^Fo.. ^lay l'-^. 1884; 3, 
•lanics l'liili|i, wlm iiian-icd Anifa Ab'xaiKb'r, of 
ivciii iicky. and has ruin- di 11 dn mi w ho will be noicd 
in the section of the sncceedins;- cliapter (b'voted to 
.lames I'liiliji McAfee; 4, Jane, who died in in- 
fancy; o, Cornelia Lawson, who is a sister in tlie 
Convent of Afercy at Lonisvilb^ Ky. ; and (>. Laura, 
who died at llie ai;e of fifteen. 


The fifth child (if George McAfee and his wife 
Snsan was named for her mother. 8nsan. Tlie date 
of her liirtii and dealli are not Icnow n Id Die writer. 
She married Robert McKamey. who was a brotlier 
of the Joliu ^fcKamey w lio married Margaret, tho 
daughter of James McAfee, Jr., and his wife Agnes. 

^'I — Tliere was anotlier daughter, and she mar- 
ried an Armslrong. See Sketch '.\'2. in I'art III. 


The fiflli cliild (){ .Tames >rcAfee, Si'., and Jane 
liis wife, was named .Mary, and sIh' was born, be- 
yoml .-ill reasnnable dnnbi. in I'ennsyhania, aiiont 
the year 174;'.. Posilixc assert ions nn these jioints 
can not be made, but there are gdod reasons for giv- 
ing the (bite named, and if that date be correct 
witliin even a few years, then ilie jilace nf her birth 
was iiiKbmbtedly .-is stated. .Mary was twice mar- 
ried. Her tirsi Inisiiaiid was Juliii I'onlsdn. by 
The fourth child of George McAfee and his wife ^^^lO"! «''^' 1'="' '>i^'' 'laiigiUcr. I— MAK( iAlJET, who 
Susan was (ieorge, Jr., wlio in mature life came to married ^Villiam ]':wing. one of the grandsons of 
be known as "Colonel Geo. :\[cAfee." He was born Samuel Ewing, Sr. .Mr. I'dulsdii having died, :Mary 
.\|iiil US, 1777. diily a little iiidre liian two years married ]\[r. Thomas Gaunt lor Grant! tiy whom 
jiridr lo the tinal renidxal df his jiareiits to Ken- she had the f(dl()\\iiig children, to wit: II — MAR- 
tncky. lie married Anne liamiltiin. who was born GARET. whd married her cdiisin John Hnchanan; 

January 11, 1777, and was therefore a few nmnths III— JANE; IV — JOHN, wl larried a .Miss Dar- 

his senior. Her jmrtrait will be found in this v.d- i.^^j . j,,„| V_MARV. whd married Ihmrv Eccles. 

HI— :margaret :\icAFEE. 

The third child (d' George .McAfee and Susan, his 
\\ ife. was name(i Margaret, who married Abraham 
Irvine, of Boyle County, Kentucky. 



lime, ("(doiiel George aiul his wife Anne had the 
f(dlowiiig children, to wit: la) N.vitciss.v W., born 
.\iigiist lit, 1S04, who married Andrew Forsyth; 
I b) .loiix. b(un .lainiary '.K ISOb; (c) M.vkcaret, 
born December 1), 1807; idi M.xitv McClum;, who 
married Joi:i- 1>. Ri:.\xi:tt.- (ei \\-M. II.; and (f) 
Geouci-: i \' I . who was a jihysician. Colomd (ieorge 
McAfee died May 1.'8. isl'.t. and his wife Anne sur- 
\i\C(l him many years, dying April 7. 18.^1. 

Tiie sectidii of the succeeding chaiiter devoted to 

Jane McAfee, the wife of James, Sr., who accom- 
panied her cliildren to Kentucky in 1770, leaving 
her husband in Virginia, lived a jiart of her time 
with her widowed daughter, Airs. Grant or Guant, 
whose husband was killed by Indians on Salt River. 
When -Jane — ".^lother McAfee," she ought to be 
called, for the tive ]iioneer brothers were her sons — 
died in 1783, she was buried on Air. Grant's farm 
lieside his remains. This farm was on Salt River 

.Mr. William Stockwell Forsyth of Paris, Afo., and iibout three miles south-west of Harrodsburg near 

Mrs. Cliam|i Chirk, of Kowling Green, Afo., will what is known as "The .Mud .Meeting House."' On 

alTord additional inrdrmation concerning this the map of Mercer Cdinity. given in this volume, the 

brancli of the family. site of the graves referred to is coriectlv indicated. 



the last one or I wo years of that protracted con- 
flict, especially ;is his sun. liic chi'ouioler of the 
.McAfee family, stales lliai •'iieai'ly all" of the 
Robert McAfee, the sixth child (if .lames .NfcAfee, AfcAfees had parliciiiaied, and it is ceitaii; lie was 
Sr., and Jane, his wife, was hnrn in Lancaster ;iii nnconinidnly ilarin^ and alhleiic younu man. 
("onnty, Pennsylvania, July 10, 1745. lie was but tlie best possible material fur a valuable s(ddier. 
an infant when his parents made the several moves Duriuir the lunr uf 17T:{ he and his elder brother 
which eudeil, in the fall of 1747, or the be^inuinti (if Janie.s, regardless of the great risks incurred, made 
1748, in their settling- on Catawba Creelc, Virginia, frequent side trips off tlu' main line of ilieir route, 
Genl. R. B. McAfee, sou of Robert, as has been fully for several days at a tinu', to explore the country; 
discussed in Chapter III, assigns the year 1755 as and when the party got near to where NewT)ort, 
tlie date <>( the settlement of tlie family in .\ngnsta Ky., now stands, he went a long distance, apparent- 
< "ounty,\'irginia. Tlu' reaso'nswliicli com]i(d theedi- ly alone, iido ibe intei-iuf far up the Licking River, 
tor to tix (ipun 1748, a date seven years earlier, as rejoining the company sumedays later on tlie Ohio, 
tlie proper time of that settlement, have been stated He seemed to be absolutely fearless of danger, 
at length in that place, and need not be repeated though in an utterly strange land wjiere bands of 
here. Oenl. R. B. McAfee was only (deven years roving Indians niiglil meet him ai any nunnent. 
(dd wlien his father met with his untimidy end in AVhen the McAfee company reached the level bot- 
Xew Orleans,in ]7!l5,aud his mother had (lie(l some tom on the Keiittidcy River where Frankfort now 
years before, so that he could liardly lave obtained stands, Robert bad their surveyor measure and en- 
from his parents any first-hand information about ter for him one tract (d' 400 acres, and another of 
their early life. He says almost notliing of their 200 acres, of land. These surveys included the fine 
young days in his narrative. Some have thought spring which heads a little branch. In this spring 
Robert had a, university edticatioii, but this is tlie i)arty buried a tomahawk and a fish gig, and the 
clearly a mistake. December 10, 17GG, Ro'bert spring has been calle(l ".McAfee Spring" ever since. 
.McAfee, when twenty-one years old, mairied Anne Tlie last corner of the survey made was at a point 
^ticCoun, daughter of James .McCoun, Sr., who had alxnit •J5(l to :'00 feet northwest of the present site 
come to Virginia from Ireland in 174::. For some of the capitol building, and the party camped tliat 
reason Robert McAfee, in the spring of 17(;7, only night (July 16, 1773), on the very spot where the 
a few months after his marriage, migrated to North capitol afterwards stood. Thiswas undoubtedly the 
Carolina, but he only remained there a year. Re- very first survey ever made at any point on Ken- 
turning to Virginia, he .settled in Botetourt tucky River; and this event, for all coming time, 
County on Sinking Creek, some little distance to connects the .McAfees with that stream in the most 
the south-west of his father's home. In 1770 he intimate manner. From July 8 to August 11 
moved up to the head of that creek, and some of his this company were not any day more than a very 
brothers also bought land in that section and re- few miles distant from it. For some reason Robert 
moved thither. faik-d to complete bis title to the surveys just 
Wiien the tour of 1773 to Kentucky was under- mentioneil. in 17S5, ilnmphrey .Marshall — 
taken, Roliert was twenity-eig'ht years dd, and into who is said to have bad a remaikably keen 
that movement he seems to have entered witli much eye for land openings — having discovered 
enthusiasm. "Whether he served the colony in the that Robert McxVfee had omitted to make good his 
French and Indian wars is rather doubtful, as lie claim, proceeded to enter a part of it for himself, 
was only eighteen years old when those wars came which, it should be said, lie liad a perfect riglit to 
to an end. He may have taken some part during do. 


Kobi'i-r's lam] (ui Sail IJivcr was surveved July \(iiiii)ii, of wiiich hudy Kobort Mc-Afep was made 
J(> and -7, 1773. 1( Mas situaicd on ilio cast side seriicanl-at-aniis. lu tbe fall of that same year, 
of the river ahoiii Iniii- miles iidilli-wesl, \\\ north, Robert was again in Kentucky witli liis brothers 
from ^arro(lslnl^^^ OtluM- [)arties came alimg: and a inimber of otliei' men. This (ime the 
there in tlie following year (1774| with Col. James 3IoAfees bronghi callle with them to (heir lands, 
Ilarrod; and thongb itubcit had deadened trees and and turned them loose in the rich cane. Genl. Rob- 
piled up brush heaps on his land, and had even cut ert 1>. .Mc.Vfeedoes not state positively of the 
his initials on a beech tree, a man by the name of five bi-dthers, (ither than James, served as soldiers 
Williams made some additional imjirovements on in the Revolutionary war. but merely says that 
tiio same lands, and laid claim to the property later '"most of them"' did so, mentioning by name James 
on. This led to a most protracted and expensive only. Rut as Robert was thirty years old when 
law suit, which annoyed Hobei't ^IcAfee to the end 'be wai- began, and was a fearless and active man, 
of his days, and which was not finally settled in he was probably ;in active participant in all tha 
favoi- of his heirs until the year 1820, when he had various wars and expeditions in which his brothers 
been in his grave a quarter of a century. 'I'i'l ;i share, \\lien the JMcAfees finally got their 

If the :McAfee brothers returned to their lands families to Kentucky, in the fall of 1779, Robert 

on Salt River in the spring of 1774. as there is stopped at AX'ilson's Station, two and a half miles 

good rea.s(ni f(U" suiiposing theydid.wc can feel sure south-west of Ilarrodslturg, and erected a cabin, as 

Robert was with them. For the discussion of this I"' claimed land adjoining the station. Rut Wil- 

inooted ([uestion, however, the readei- is referred to ^"H contested his claim, and the dispute was set- 

ChaiderlW I'art II. 'l'''l ''v <'i'' Commissioners adversely to Robert. 

In the fall of 1774. K'obei't was with liis two l»"beit then made an entry of 400 acres one mile be- 

older brothers, James and (Jeorge. in Capt. Evan 1"" the place first chosen. his land covering on what 

Shelby's company at the battle (>f IVtiut Pleasant, ''^ ""^^ the rei-ryville turn-pike. Rut not liking 

where Cornstalk and his ai'my were defeated by ""' '<""' '" '''<'' ueighborhorwl very w<dl, he moved 

(ienl. Andrew Lewis. down the river several miles and built on land he 

Karly in 177."), he accompaTiied the .McAfee com- ''ought fr -lohn .Magee, his brother-in-law. Rut 

pany to Salt Kiver, ai'i-iving ai .lames .McAfee's ^'''^^ move, as has already been narrated, proved a 
s[iriiig, .March Uili. On the l.'ith. Col. Ilarrod "listake, because it led hini in 1780 into a law 
passed them on his way to re-occupy his cabins at '^uit which lasted forty years. He was finally suc- 
Harrodsburg, six miles to the south, which the In- cessful i that is, his heirs were, long after his 
dians had caused them to abandon the previous <leath ), but it proved a dearly-bought possession, 
summer, .\pril L'lst. as (he McAfees wci'e on their f" t'le spring of 1783, Robert 3IcAfee moved 
way back to N'irginia, by way of the Wilderness <^"it of his brother James's fort to his own land, a 
U'oad, (hey met Cul. Kichard llendeison, auil Kob- few miles np the river, feeling that the danger of 
ert took a favorable view of his enterjirise; and at Indian attacks would not be great in future. This 
lIen(l<*rson"s riMpiest ( but against the advice of his yt*ar he paid a last visit to his aged father who was 
brother JaiUiesi, he mined b;i(4< and went with i^fiH living in Rotetourt County, Virginia, carry- 
Henderson to Roouesboro. Mis brothers (iemge ing to him many presents and aifectionate remem- 

and Samuel accom]ianied him. la s; McAfee and brances from the various children. In the fall of 

the remainder of his party continued on their way 1783, after his return from Virginia, he built a 

to A'iiginia. The three brothers who joined Hen- mill on Salt River for grinding wheat and corn, 

der.son spent .some two months at Roouesboro. His brothers, James and Samuel, assisted him in 

They were present at Henderson's famous :\ray con- erecting the dam across Salt River. The mill 



proved a success tinancially. soiiie of the patrons 
coming from Frankfort, alimit tliirt.v miles distant. 

Robert McAfee was tive feet, eleven and a quar- 
ter inches hiph, large around the breast, well pro- 
]K>rtione(l, and possessed of great strengtli and 
activity. He was the most atliletic mendier of the 
family. It was he that on that terrible day on the 
Big Black Mountains, August 12, 1773, refused to 
despair of life when tlie prospects of the company 
looked exceeding dark, and with a cheerful heart 
went in search of game.and succeeded in killing the 
deer that saved iIk* whole i>;irty from starvation. 
He liiid ;i large. \vcll-|)roportioiied face, a 
prominent s(iuare forehead, a clear, strong mind 
and very black and thick hair, incline 1 to curl. 
His eyes were black, or very dark hazel. He was a 
man of great decision of character, wiiom no ob- 
stacles seemed to thwart. His wife was a kind and 
affectionate woman, with gray eyes, a round, ex- 
pansive forehead, and very long and dark auburn 

In the spring of 1789, Robert erected a new house 
of hewed logs, having heretofore lived in rude cab- 
ins. One night, this spring, Indians came within 
one hundred and fifty yards of his cabins, and stole 
nearly all of his horses. Robert raised a company of 
twelve men at once and followed the trail of the 
Indians, and liiially overlook them, in llie foreiiooii 
of the third day, near the Ohio Kiver He ordered a 
charge, and the Indians were routed, one of them 
being killed, and all their plunder and the stolen him in this volume. His well-known "Biographical 

to New ( >rleaiis and sold out nmsl of his stock, but 
on the niulil of .May HI. IT'.l.".. while aslcc). in his 
boat, some unknown villain crrpi iiimn him and 
struck him a fearful Idow willi an axe, which 
proved fatal. His body was Imi-icd ,al I in- lios)(ilal 
in \e\\ ( )rleans. 

The children of Kobert Mc.Xfer and his wife 
Anne, were thr follow ing : 

I.___^IAR(iARET. who married Nailian Neelds; 

II. — SALI.V. who niaia-ieil .lames Cma-an; 

III. — MARY, who married .lo.~epli .\danis; 

IV._ROBERT, JR., who di<(l in 1 7S4, aged six 

\'.— .WNE, who marrie<l John R. rar<lwell ; 

sketch will be given ])resently; 

VII. — JOHN, who died single at twenty years of 


1784-1 S49. 

The sixth child of Kolieri McAfee and .\nne, his 
w ife, was named Robert Breckinridge, and he was 
born at his fathers cabin (m Salt River. .Mercer 
County. Ky.. h'ebruary 18, 1784. In mainre life he 
was known as General McAfee. Inasmnch as ac- 
counts of (ieiieral .Mc.Vfee's life ha\i' long since 
been [lublished in (."ollins' "History of Kentucky," 
vol. -. pages G21, (j'2'2, and in various other works, 
there is the less need of anv extensive account of 

horses were captured. In the captured Indian 
packs were found many silver brooches, rings and 
other ornaments. 

In 1793, Robert rode to I'hiladelpliia on horse- 
back to get Congress to further some plans he had 
for getting land grants in what is now Indiana, but 
his mission failed, because the Indian title had not 
been extinguished. j\Ir. John Breckinridge, a law- 
yer at Lexington, was associated with him in this 
enterprise. In 1794. Robert's wife died, and soon 
after this bereavement he planned a Hading trii> 
to New Orleans, and began building a lioal. which 
was completed in March. 179.". lie made the trip 

and Familyllistory," in manuscript. written by him 
in 184."). has been many times cojiied. and is to be 
found in many ]Miblic and i)ri\ale libraries iiiAmer- 
ica. It consiitules one main scuirce it( information 
touching th(> Mc.\fees up to the year I St."). and ihe 
editor has had a co]>y of ii before him during all 
the years he has been engaged in editing Hie [)res- 
ent work. To (ieueral .Mc.\fee. more than to an.\ 
other individual, living or dead. Hie desicndiints 
of the Irish immi^ranl, .l:niies .M<-.\ree, Sr.. owe 
grateful acknowledgments for the efforts he made 
to preserve, in writing, the scattered traditions and 
items of informati(m relatiiuj (o the .McAfees. 





General McAfee was, first of all, a Christian {jentle- 
man, and an elder in the New Providence church. 
He was an educated man, and was favored with the 
society and friendship of tlie licst people to be 
found in Kentncky at the time he was preparing 
for the active duties of life. As a soldier in the 
War of 1S12, he served with distinction, havinp,- 
commanded the laroest company in Colonel Rich- 
ard M. Johnston's refjiment at the hattle of the 
Thames, October, 1818. As a member of the Ken- 
tucky Lejjislature for many years, as Lieutenant- 
Ciovci'nor of his native State for four years, and as 
the representative of tlie TTuited States at the capi- 
tal of Colombia, South America, for a like term, 
be shed lustre upon the family name. In 1842, he 
was elected one of tlie visitors to West 
Point Military Academy, and was made presi- 
dent of the board. He was a member of 
the Royal Antiquarian Society of Denmark, 
and of tlie Kentucky Historical Society. In Octo- 
ber, 1S07, he was married to Miss ]Mary Card well, 
by whom he had a considerable family of children. 
Ceneral McAfee died in 1849, in the si.xty-fifth year 
of his ai;c, and was liuricd in the New Providence 

New I'ro\i(lcii((' (Jiinrli was orji'anized, George 
Buchanan sugsested (lie v<'ry appropriate name 
the church received, ami was elected one of its rnl- 
inf: elders, a place lie no doubt filled till his death 
in 1813. 

George Buchanan and his wife, .Margaret, had 
the following children, to-wit: T. — JAMES; 11.^ 
CAS. For appropriate notices of all the Bnchan- 
aus the reader is referred to tlie skelrh of the 
Buclianans gi\-en in Pari III (d' lliis volnnie. 


1748 1801. 

Samuel, the eighth child of James McAfee, Sr., 
and his wife, Jane, was horn in October, 1748. As 
his parents had by this time moved to Virginia, 
as shown in Chapter III it is reasonably certain 
Samuel was born on Catawba Creek,A"irginia, a few 
miles north-west of the town of Salem. Of bis early 
life we knoAv nothing. He was entirely too young 
to have taken any part in the French and Indian 

Churchyard in the midst of a goodly company of Wars, being but fifteen when they (dosed. There is 

his kinsnuMi. His monument can easily be dis- 
tinguished in the engraving to be found in this vol- 
ume, showing a part of the churchyard looking to- 
wards the north-west. 


Margaret, the seventh child of James McAfee, 
Sr., and his wife, Jane, was proliably born in Penn- 
sylvania colony, about the year 1746. She went 
with lier ])arents to Virginia when yet an infant, 
of lier early life scarecdy anything is known. 

Margaret married George Buchanan, and prob- 
ably in Botetourt County, Virginia, not far from 
I he year 1770. George, her husband, was born in Ire- 
land in 1745, and he was probably acrpiaintcd with 
the ilcAfees in Pennsylvania, if nol in Ireland. 
:Margaret and her husband settled in the Salt 
River (Ky.) neighltorhood not long after the 
•Mc.Vfees did (in 1784), and the next vear, when 

no evidence that he enjoyed any better educational 
advantages than his older brothers — all had ap- 
parently a good, plain English education, as 
Scotch-Irish parents were sure to secure for their 
children. AN'lien I he first tonr to Kentucky was 
made in 1773, he was twenty-five years old, l)ut it 
would have been an exceedingly hazardous thing 
for all the men of the family to have left their 
families and homes unprotected. It must be borne 
in mind that at that time, and for a good many 
years later, the region they lived in ^\as on tin- 
frontier, and exposed to Indian attacks. Besides, 
there were farms and crops requiring to be looked 
after. For these reasons, no doubt, Samuel and 
his younger brother, William, remained at home. 
Every one of the five lu-others had the courage and 
manhood necessary, but it was out of the ques- 
tion for all to go off and leave a large nundier of 
defenseless M(unen and children unja-ovided for. 



Samuel may have had another reason for not cause of his agility and coolness, an account of which 
irolns; to Kentucky in 1773, in addition to that just will be found in the previous chapter. Ilis death 

jiiven, though we can Tiot nssert it as a fact. It is 
nearly certain that his marriage to Ilannah 
Mcroniiick ncriirrcd cillicr in 1774 or the year 
previous, and this lady may have had something to 
say in regard to Samuel's lakiiig such a hazardous 
and protracted journey jnst as they were about to 
be married. Hannah's home, it would seem, was 
in tliat ])art of the Valley of Virginia, which is now 
incliuled in Rockbridge County. Samuel is said 
lo have been a man of more tlian ordinary self- 
jiosscssion and coolness; l)rave and determined, 
and yet without passion or rashness. It is prob- 
ably true that no one of ilic clii'dren of James 
McAfee, Sr., can count among tlicir descendants 
a larger number of people of culture and distinc- 
tion flian Samuel. For more Ihau half a century 
past there have been anuuig bis descendants a lai'ge 
number of personswbo in point of character, attain- 
ments and position have been above the average. 

Samuel was in Kentucky with his brothers in 
1775, and, as has alreaily been shown, he was one 
of the three brothers who for a short time were 
associated with Colonel IJicliaid llendeison in his 
scbeme for the Traiisvlvaiiia colony iu 
Kentucky. He was probably a soldier in the Colon- 
ial forces of Virginia during a part of (he Revolu- 
tion, and he may also have gone with (ieneral 
George Rogers Clark to Ohio, in his expedition 
against the Indians in 1780. He came with his 
brothers when they made their final move to Ken- 
tucky in the fall of 1779. His lands were surveyed 
for liim under the supervision of his older brothers, 
July 2() and 27, 1773, and were situated on the east 
bank of Salt River not quite two miles west by 
south of the present village of McAfee. Part of his 
fai-m extends to the east of the turn-pike leading 
fi'om that place to Harrodsburg and is now owned 
by J. J. McAfee, one of his worthy descendants. He 
was the first magistrate of Mercer County. In the 
noted attack by Indians on McAfee Station in 
the year 1781, he narrowly es<'aiied being killed, be- 

occurred, as shown by the inscription on his tomb- 
stone, June 8, 1801. His body was first buried in 
his own private Imrial ground, but, as Collins in- 
forms us (Vol. 2, page Gl!)), af Ibe death of his 
wife, which occuri-ed in 1817, liis liody, with hers, 
was laid a\\ay in the New Providence Chnrcliyard. 

The following children were born to Samuel ilc- 
Afee and his wife, Hannah, to wit: I. — JOHN; 
JR. ; and VIIL— MARY. 

For a full account of the above-named eight chil- 
di-en of Samuel and Hannah the reader is referred 
to the section in the succeeding chapter devoted to 
the "McAfees of Parkville, Mo.," and to that de- 
voted to ]\Iiss Annie T. Daviess, all of whomare 
descendants of Samuel and Hannah McAfee. 

The said eight children of Samuel and Hannah 
are mentioued iu General Jl. B. :\[cAfee's narra- 
tive thus : 

I- — JOHN, A\ ho married Margaret ]\IcKarney. 

II. — ANNE, who married Thomas King of Shel- 
by County. 

III.— ROBERT, who married Priscilla Arm- 

IV. — JANE, who married Beriah Magoffin of 

V- — HANNAH, who married Captain Samuel 
Daviess, attorney and Senator. 

VI. — ^A'lLLIAM, who married Mrs. Lowery, a 

VII.— SAMUEL (Jr.), who died, young and 
single, at Harrodsbnrg. 

VIII. — MARY, who married Thomas P. ^Moore, 
member of Congress and United States Minister to 
Colombia, from 1829 to 1833. 


1750 (?)-17S0. 
William, the eighth and last child of James Mc- 
Afee, Sr., and his wife, Jane, was probably born 
about the year 1750, and on Catawlia Creek, Viv- 



fjiuia. Nothing; is known of his early life. He of the Senate of Kentucky. utkI the General Court, 
was only about twenty-three when his older broth- After Mr. Lee's death slie resided in I'rankfort 
ers made the explorinj; tour to Kentucky in 1773, till 1843, and then moved back to Mercer County, 
and he and Samuel remained at home to look after In briiiiiiuu' to a close Part Second of this work, 
the families and farms of the absent brothers. In which is devoted to the ^fcAfees, it will not be con- 
several of the subsequent tours which his brothers sidered out of place, we tnist, if we attempt to show 
made to Kentucky, he accoiii]>aiiie(l them, lie mar- what place in the liistmy of Kentucky these men 

ried Rebecca Curry, sister to Susan Curry, his are justly entitled i cMpy. .\ more modest set 

brother Georjje's wife. The date of hi." marriage is of men — men who made less claims for themselves 

belicTed to have been about 1774. He moved to — it would be difficnll tn find among those whose 

Kentuckv with the families of his brothers in 1779. achievements have, in any marked degree, con- 

His lands were located on the west bank of Salt tributed to the advance nt of civilization. Those 

River at the mouth of the Town Branch near Har- five stui'dy lirotliei's never seem to have imagined 

rodsburg, and he built there a station of his own. that they had done anything uiinsual, much less 

In 1780, when General George Rogers Clark called heroic, in founding a peimianent settlement in the 

for men to accompany him on his expedition to Kentucky wilderness when there was not one hu- 

Chillicothe, and Piqua, Ohio, William McAfee, who man family living anywhere within its bounds, and 

was probably his cousin, raised a company of men, nothing had really been done to subdue its virgin 

and was elected captain, and went to Ohio with meadows and forests to the service of civilized man. 

Clark. At Piqua he was mortally wounded in the They seem not to have sought to peii^etuate their 

bi'east by an Indian whilst gallantly doing his duty, name by affixing it to any stream or mountain peak, 

and was carried on a litter betw( en two horses to or civil division of the country. They knew how to 

the mouth of the Licking River, and thence down bring things to pass, but they did no boasting, and 

the Ohio to the Falls and to Floyd's station near by. asked no reward. Such self-effacement was, in- 

But, as he grew worse, he was carried to the month deed, a commendable trait in them ; but the truth 

of the Kentucky River for the pmiiose of conveying of history is something we should maintain. It 

him to his home by canoe. He was too ill, however, can not be wrong in their descendants to want to 

to leave the mouth of Kentucky River. Here his see the McAfees rated as they really deserve. It is 

wife joined him, having been notified of his injury, very natural in a historical writer to select a few of 

She got to him just before he breathed his last, the more i^romineat actors in a given undertaking 

CaiJtain AMlliam McAfee was a brave and eflicient for special mention and ignore the rest. It re- 

soldiei*, and like lii.s lirother John, who died in ([uires far less of ii.iins-taking study and discrim- 

17GS, he lost his life at the hands of a savage. ination to do this than to carefully look into the 

The following children were the fruit of the mar- whole subject, investigate the details, and then try 
riage of William and Rebecca, the last one named to do exact justice to all. The McAfees have been 
having been liorn only a fe-w months after her duly honored by some of the most prominent writ- 
father died, namely : ers on the pioneer period of Kentucky, but there 

I. — ANNE, who married Elijah ('i-aig, who lived are some others who have accorded them but scant 

at the mouth of Kentucky River, and who was justice. The writer's aim is simjily to tix their 

killed at the battle of the Thames, October, 1813. rightful place in Kentucky's history. 

II. — MARGARET, who married Thompson It will not be contended, of course, that the Mc- 

Jones, and afterwai'ds died in Indiana opposite Afees may rightfully claim the first place as pio- 

Yellow Banks. neers in the order of time; for many other men pre- 

III. — ]MARY, who married Willis A. Lee, Clerk ceded them to Kentuckv. All that is here insisted 



on is tliJit, all the circunistaiiccs of the early settle- 
ment of the State being considered, and especially 
when the charactci- and niolivcs of their work are 
d\ily taken into acconnt, no historian can jnstly 
deny that these men slmuld he regai'ded as at least 
amon<;- the first and worthiest. It may be noted, in 
passing, that the "doctors," as usual, do not agree; 
the ablest historical writers on this snlije<-t not only 
differ as to which men deserve the greatest credit 
for the exploration aiid settlement of Kentucky, but 
the most contradictory positions are taken in re- 
gard to the matter. For instance, Collins (History 
of Kentucky, Vol. T, page 24S) says: "Neglecting 
the obscure visit of Dr. Walker to the north-east- 
ern portion of Kentucky in 17.~S, and the equally 
obscure but more thoi'ough examination of the 
country by Finley in ITfi", we may regard the com- 
pany headed by Daniel Eoone in ITfiO, and by 
Knox in 1770, as the earliest visits to Kentucky 
worthy of particular attention." Thus we see that 
Dr. Collins sets Boone befoi-e Walker in nonor and 
importance, despite the fact that Walker was many 
years in advance of him. On the other hand we 
find Professor Shaler (see his excellent little vol- 
ume on Kentucky, pages 50 and 65) exalting Dr. 
Y\'alker, and belittling the work of Boone. He says : 
"The first authentic report of a deliberate journey 
beyond the line of the Allegbenies is that of Dr. 
Thomas Walker, who in 17.")0 I ravelled to the cen- 
tral parts of the region afterwards called Kentucky 
and returned with a good report of the country." 
Then, farther on, he says : "Thus it will be seen that 
Boone's first visit was relatively late iu the history 
of Kentucky explorations. Almost every part of 
its surface had been traversed by other explorers 

lion Dial no exjiloralions subsequent to those of 
Walker, Gist and Croghan are worthy to be con- 
sidered as being early, or as having contributed 
much to the founding of the great T'ommonwealth 
of Kentucky. 

Now just here the question emerges : "When did 
the period of exploration proper come to a close, 
and when did actual settlement commence?" To 
affirm that exploration proper had cea-M-tl with the 
visit of Colonel Croghan in 1765, or with the 
alleged, but iinnroven, visit of Oeorge Washington 
in 1772, is to do violence to the facts of the case. 
(Pee Col. Durrett's very able and interesting Cen- 
tenary of Kentucky, page 30.) It is conceded that 
the dividing line between these two stages of the 
early history of Kentucky is not as distinct as it 
might be, and yet it is maintained that nothing 
worthy the name of permanent settlement occurred 
till the jMcAfees and Captain Bullitt entered the 
State in 1773. These men were all explorers, and 
the McAfees were certainly settlers as well. In 
fact, the years 1773 to 1775 mark the transition 
period A\hen the last real explorations were made, 
and the first really pennanent settlements were 
effected. It is simply unimpeachable history that 
with that year 1773, when the McAfees entered 
Kentucky, the i>ermanent occupation of the State 
began. Dr. Collins, who was one of the best in- 
formed and most reliable of all writers on Ken- 
tucky, says in his "History of Kentucky," Vol. II, 
page 517: "The present State of Kentucky M-as 
visited by various parties, at diffei-ent periods from 
1747 to 1772. The first visits that gave promise of 
return and settlement were those of 1773, with the 
large number of surveys in that year." Of course 

before this man, who passes in history as the typi- he has reference, in this statement, chiefly to the 
cal pioneer, set foot upon its ground." These last McAfees and Captain Bullitt. To the same pui-port 

quoted sentences are the most unwarranted and in- 
judicious we have noted in Professor Shaler's oth- 
erwise admirable and scholarly Mork. It reveals a 
carelessness and rashness of judgment not to be ex- 
pected of a writer who ordinarily is so fair and ac- 
curate. The estimate of Boone is not only unjust 
to that old hero, but it rests on the false assump- 

speaksColonelDurrettin the passage from his"Ken- 
tucky Centenary" just referred to, ^-hen he says: 
"In 1772 patents were issued to John Fry for lands 
in Lawrence and Greenup counties, said, without 
conclusive antliority, to have been surveyed by the 
great Washington himself; but the surveyors whose 
\\'ork led to prompt and permanent settlements did 



not reach Kentucky till the following year." Here, 
again, we assume, the reference is to the McAfees 
and Bullitt mainly. In view of all llicse facts 
and considerations it would seem clear that in 
speaking of the first explorers and settlers of 
Kentucky we are bound to include in the ac- 
count the men who went there in ITTo, if 
not those in ITTi and ITTo. This would 
make the dawn of Kentucky's history as a 
distinct section of this country coincident with the 
momentous change in the political relations of 
America to Great Britain. The year ITT.j marked 
the close of the Colonial period. W'licn tiie Mc- 
Afees were surveying their lands on Salt liiver in 
July, ITTo, they were subjects of King George the 
Third, and their lands belonged to England ; when 
they got ready to move in with their families and 
occupy the land, the dominion of England over Ken- 
tucky had been forever broken. Kentucky w as now 
just entering upon a new career, in a double sense: 
She was no longer an unexplored and utterly unin- 
habited wilderness, and no longer an outlying por- 
tion of an English colony. A new era had dawned ; 
old things had passed away ; behold all things were 
become new; and the McAfees took an honorable 
part in rendering both these changes possible. 

Some writers seem to adopt very strange and 
illogical criteria for deciding the relative place to 
be assigned the early settlers of a new region of 
country. Some of them have, apparently, no other 
test of priority than that ot the date oi their com- 
ing, iiiey would almost deny a man w ho got there 
ycais 111 a(i\auco ot all oLUers, e\cn umugu lie were 
conveyed thither against his will by a runaway 
horse, or was a fugitive from jusuce, seeking to 
hide from the olhcers of the law, withuut a thought 
of making a careful exploration of the country for 
a worthy purpose. If some Spaniard or Frenchman 
happened to oail down the Ohio or Mississijipi on 
some business wholly foreign to that of examining 
the lauds along the shore, they would parade his 
name to all future generations as a distinguished 
explorer of that region whilst not mentioning men 
who came hundreds of miles at great personal peril 

expressly to explore I he ((uiali'v and lliei'e make 
for llicmselves a home. 

There are a mniilicr of Tacts touching the move- 
ment of the .McAfees lo I he wilderness of Kentucky 
which deserve thought fui attention, and must be 
fairly considered if we are to determine their true 
place in the annals of the grand old Commonwealth 
for whose settlenieiif they so efficiently jielped to 
blaze the way. 

It has already been fully (•(uiceded llial I he Mc- 
Afees were udt I he lirst men lo explore Kentucky. 
The first real explorer of Eastern Kentucky was Dr. 
Thomas Walker in 1T50, and he was followed the 
next year by Colonel Gist. Later — ITG.l-fiO — came 
a class of hunleis and adveid ni-ei's like Crdghan, 
Findley, Knox and Bonne, different from AN'alker 
and Gist. Next came men, unlike all their forerun- 
ners, who had surveyors with them, and who looked 
to permanent settlement in tlie country — the Mc- 
Afees, JJniliii, llairod, etc. Immigration proper 
was not possible till these three ditfereut classes of 
explorers had done their preparatory work. In the 
settlement of a new country the above-mentioned 
order of procedure usually olitains, and the men 
who are first in the order of time deserve especial 
credit, because their achievements render the sub- 
sequent efforts of other men possible. All three 
classes of the first explorers of Kentucky merit 
honorable mention; and yet the motives and aims 
of all were not equally high. (See Shaler's "Ken- 
tucky," pages ()5 and GG. and Durrett's "Kentucky 
Centenary," page -S. j Love of strange adventures, 
fondness for ro^'ing in primeval forests where game 
is plenty, and a purely commercial, money-making 
aim are all admissible and proper motives in their 
place and measure, and yet they are not the very 
noblest of moli\cs. Fearlessness amid the perils of 
untried conditions and a willingness to face death 
in the pursuit of one's aims are <iualities all of us 
admire, quite apart from the governing purposes of 
the actors and the ultimate objects they had in 
view; but when the men under review are known to 
be of high moral charaeler, with something better 
than ]iurely sordid aims, and exhibit inflexible and persistency in realizing their ideals, 
their courage and daring take on a ucav attraction, 
and they rise into the sphere of tlu' hei-oic and 



uoble. Tlie iudispiilabk' facts cunceruiujj;- the Mc- 
Afee Conipanv show that, they fairly earned the 
right to be tluis regarded by posterity. The records 
show that they were not mere adventurers and spec- 
ulators, nor Indian fighters, intent on exterminat- 
ing savag(^s; nor mere hunters passionately devoted 
to the cliase; nor employed at a stii)ulated price to 
survey lauds for other people; nor merely 
eager to make money. It is made clear that they 
were men of Christian training and higli moral 
character, who feared Ciod, wlu^ had families to 
whom they weredevotcil, who liad already accpiired 
some property but were liampered by the peculiar 
economic conditions of the counti'y in which they 
liad li\('(l, who were moNcil ii\ a dcsiic to iiialcc a 
better home for theiuselves aud thcii' loved ones 
tlian it was possible for tliciii to ha\"e in \'irginia, 
and who had enougli of prophetic vision to discern 
the fact that the charming wilderness beyond their 
blue mountains had a glorious future, of whose re- 
wards they coveted an luuioraldc share. 

But there are some acblilioual considerations to 
be kept in mind if full justice is to be done the mem- 
bers of this company. For one thing, as to the 
matter of mere courage tliey (Exhibited a readiness 
to face deadly perils in a manner some of their 
most honored predecessors were not called on to 
do. Dr. Walker does not seem to have had any 
special reason to fear Indian attacks, as the tribes 
he was likely to encounter were at peace with the 
whites. The grave troubles which issued in the 
French and Indian Wdia had not come to a head 
when Walker and Gist set jut on their respective 
expeditions. (See Cobuiel -lohnstou's "Walker aud 

(list," page 53, and Note o at bott ) ii was quite 

othein\ise when the McAfees started to Kentucky. 
There had then l>een long years of bloody encount- 
ers between the two races, and only five years prior 
to this date one of their brothers (John McAfee) 
had been slain by the Indians. Besides, the story 
of Boone's recent adventures with the savages in 
Kentucky was fresh in mind. All the men who 
went to Kentucky in 1773 went knowing full well 
the dauger of meeting at any lime roving bands of 

Indians w iio would be eager to take their scalps. 
Troubles were then brewing which culminated the 
very next year in the bloodiest battle ever fought on 
^'irginin soil between ^^'llites ami Indians — (hat at 
Point Pleasant, in October, 1774, in which conflict 
all three of the McAfees of this company bore a 
worthy part. 

There is something worth noting also in the fact 
that the ^IcACees did not skim along the outer edges 
of the region known as Kentucky, nor seek to walk 
oTily in the tracks of previous explorers. They 
went to Kentucky with the full purpose of pene- 
tiating to the very heart of that region, and they 
entered lands where no surveys had ever been 
made before, ^\'alker and Gist confined them- 
selves to the border poitions, and the easterly and 
least important end of the State, but the McAfees 
made their main surveys in the geographical cen- 
ti-e of Kentucky, and followed the Kentucky Kiver 
step by step from its mouth almost to its very head 
springs for more than three hundred miles, so that 
the marvel is the Legislature of the State did not 
call that picturesque stream by their name. (See 
Johnston's "\N alker and Gist," page G. ) Dr. Walker 
did not even see one square mile of bluegrass lands. 

But, after all, the most notable feature of their 
achievements was the fact that they not only went 
far into the choicest interior section to locate, but 
actuiillj settled a community which they never re- 
linquished for a day, and which for one hundred and 
thirty-ouc years, without a break, has been contin- 
uously held by them or their lineal descendants. 
The little village which bears their name is indeed 
but a small place, but it stands there as a land- 
mark to show that the McAfee settlement meant a 
permanent settlement and not a mere land specu- 
lation; and there on the brow of Salt Kiver still 
stands the stone house which James McAfee erected 
in 1790, marking the very spot on which once stood 
the station or pioneer fort which for many years 
was the rallying point for the McAfee settlement. 
And right over on the hill, not a thousand yards 
away, stand some neat grave-stones which for more 
than ninety years agone have marked the last rest- 



iiic: place of the leadtn- of the McAfee Company. 
It is this fixedness of purpose, this staying quality, 
this permanency, which gives the ^^ork of the Mc- 
Afees a eliaracter whicli does not belong to that of 
some who suddenly appeared in the wilderness, and 
as suddenly left it, no more to be seen or heard of 
there. And if from tliat stone Ikpusc we hiok across 
the fields which the McAfees began to cultivate be- 
fore (he land had ceased to belong to England, we 
shall see a sul)stantial brick chnrch. tlie fourth of 
a series of sanctuaries used by a congregation 
whicli was founded soon after the McAfees settled 
there, showing that the permanence of their choice 
was linked with godliness and a careful regard to 
the intellectual and religious welfare of the com- 

Of course, it is not meant tiiat these men were 
continuously present as occupants of the farms sur- 
ve^-eil from July, 1773, and onward. The actual, 
permanent occupation by the McAfee families did 
not begin till the fall of 177!l, wlien tliey all arrived 
on their pack-horses after a long and perilous jour- 

ney from Virginia by way of CniulKMland Gap. But 
the land was i-egiilarly biokeil after from time to 
time after July, 177:!; il was aniuially visited by 
some mendici- of llic faiiiily; fruits were planted; 
cattle were (lri\'eii in from N'irginia; land was 
cleared, and everything was done that was possible 
to be done niidci- (lie ti-ying circumstances of the 
situation. Xevei-, for one hour, was their hold on 
those lands relaxed ; not for one day did they relin- 
fiuisli their purpose to make the settlement they 
founded on 8alt River their lasting earthly home; 
and just as soon as the exigencies of war would ad- 
mit of it tlicy took lea\'e of N'irgiuia, and j(jurneyed 
to their iirw lionii- west of the mountains, tliere to 
toil and abide till God should call them to a place 
in the "house not made with hands." 

These incontrovertible facts, it would seem, war- 
rant us in holding that the McAfees were among 
the very noblest and first of the real founders of 
Kentucky, and as such merit honorable mention in 
every history that piofesses to tell, with an,\ full- 
nesis and tiiith, the story of Kentucky's genesis. 





1 — The iiil'ni-iiialioii liivcii in I his nni-rative lias 
liccu derived almost entirely from the following 
works, to Avit: (a) "The Scottish Clans and Their 
Tartans,"issued byJoliuston of Edinburgh andLou- 
don, Sixth Edition, and i-epulilished in New York 
by Scribner's Sons. Tills valuable little volume 
gives the history and the beautifully colored Tar- 
tans of nearly one liun<lred Highland Clans, the 
McAfee Clan being numbered 50. The descendants 
of the McAfees should all have this book, though 
they will probalily be amazed at the wretched char- 
acter of the binding, ll cusls lull one dollar, (b) 
"Ilighland Clans and Highland liegimeuts," by 
John S. Keltic, London, 1SS2, Volume 3, page 165; 
(ci lau's "Costumes of the Clans," N'ol. li ; (d) The 
Autobiography of General IJ. U. ^IcAfee, in MS. 
(ej Map of nighland Clans at page 49S, Vol. 21, 
British Encyclopedia, Ninth Iildinburg Edition. 

2 — (biieral ll. I!. .McAIVe, in bis Aulifliidgraphy, 
tells us that John McAfee, the earliest known head 
of the American McAfei's irealed of herein, settled 
near Glasgow, and then later ou migrated to County 
Armagh, Ireland; and tliai in i(iiH) — only forty- 
five years after the detith (if .Malcolm, the chieftain 
of the -McAfee Clan — he and iiis son, .John, Jr., 
were with King William at I lie J>altle of the Boyne. 
The two narratives tit a\ ell together. 

3 — It is not altogether an insignificant fact that 
in the year 1739, when James McAfee, Sr., had a 
son born to him, he chose for him this name Mal- 
colm. Whilst we have no right to assert that this 
choice of a name was made by James in honor of 
the hero, his kinsman (and possibly his ancestor), 
who sleeps in lona's sacred soil, we can but surmise 
that such was probably the case. 

4 — The authorities ou which all the historians 
have had to rely for their facts in regard to this 

com]iany are the following: 1, the daily journal 
kept by James McAfee, Jr., on the tour of 1773; 2, 
the daily journal kept by IJobert McAfee on the said 
tour; 3, a manu.script volume, written in 1840, by 
General R. B. I\IcAfee, entitled "The Rise and 
Progress of the First Settlement on Salt River"; 
and 4, a second manuscript volume by the same 
author written 184.1-9 entitled "The Life and Times 
of Robert B. McAfee and His Family Connections." 
Tlie two Journals are printed in full in the Appen- 
dix, with copious notes by the editor. The two doc- 
uments by General R. B. McAfee, who was a son of 
Robert, IIm' [ii( luer, and, of course, a, nephew of 
James .Mc.Vfee, .Ir., contain, in addition to a great 
deal of oilier information about the family, a sort 
of running commentary on the matter of the two 
journals, enriched with many valuable items de- 
rived by him froui the lips of his uncle James Mc- 
Afee in 1S04. Then the editor of this work has, 
during the last ten years, been engaged in some- 
what extensive researches which have borne consid- 
erable fniit, the results of which are embodied in 
the narrative now presented. Numerous individu- 
als living along the route travelled by the McAfee 
Compan}' have been called upon for information; 
the editor has personally visited some of the most 
important localities in question, and has been 
enabled to solve some puzzling problems of the 
tour; and, finally, a series of maps has been drawn 
and engraved expressly for this work, embody iug the 
most of the results bearing upon the geography and 
topography of the regions traversed by the company 
in 1773. The maps can be relied upon as accurate. 
."> — Dr. Hale — "Allegheny Pioneers,'' pages 34, 3G 
and 102 — shows that the Indians who invaded the 
Draper's Meadows Settlement in 1755 followed an 
old trail which was probably the same as that the 

X(>Ti':s ON I'Airr second. 


McAfees travelled ou their way to the hjwer Ka- 

6 — For an interesting account of this place and 
of some of the more important expeditions which 
set out from tlieuce, see Dr. Hale's "Traus-Alle- 
g-heny Pioneers," pages lOl-o. He says this was the 
point of departure of this company. 

7 — General K. B. McAfee in his "Kise aTid Prog- 
ress of the First Settlement of Salt River" states 
that the point on the Kanawha to which the Mc- 
Afees came on horseback, and at which they em- 
barked ou the river in canoes, was four miles above 
the mouth of Elk River. This river enters the 
Kanawha at Charleston. The famous Salt Spring 
at tlie moutli of Campbell's Creek is beyond ques- 
tion the place intended. Here salt fnv the journey 
could easily be made, and liere canoes could be built 
with the assurance that in their course down to the 
Ohio no dangerous falls or rapids would be encoun- 
tered. In his Autobiography the General states that 
the party built their canoes at a point one hundred 
and twenty miles above the mouth of the Kanawha. 
This is clearly an error, for that would locate the 
embarkation on the river at a point sisty miles 
above the Salt Springs, and Dr. Dale, who w'as 
reared on that river, and knew- every mile of it, 
wrote the author of this volume tliat it would have 
simply been impossible to carry loaded canoes over 
the many dangerous rapids in that part of the Ka- 
nawha. Tlie Salt Spring, sixty miles fnim tlie Oliio 
by the river, was the place at which the party sent 
back their horses and constructed tlieir boats. 

8 — From this point onward the journals of 
James and Robert McAfee afford all needful infor- 
mation as to most of the details of the journey, to 
\\ liicli documents, and the notes of tlie ediloi- tliere- 
on, tlie readei' is referred. 

t) — See Collins' "Kentucky,'' \o\. '2, page 117 ; 
Shaler's "Kentucky," pages G5 and 60 ; Colonel Dur. 
rett's "Centenary of Kentucky," page oO; and 
Foote's Sketches of Virginia, Second Sei'ies, page 

10 — The party spent some days at this lick which 
has been famous for more tlian n century. It bears 

iht' Jiaiue dl' I III' mail I'itiiikiu, ()1i(» rif ilaucock 
Taylor's assistants, who willi Bracken liad pre- 
ceded the party to this phue in a way displeasing 
to their companions. Wliiie liere thousands of wild 
aninuils were obseivcd licking (lie salt mud around 
the various salt springs — buffaloes, elk, deei", bears, 
etc. For an inlcres'ting account of the place, and of 
a tlirilling incident in wliich James McAfee and 
Samuel Adams were the pai'iicipants, see (Jl-'ueral 
McAfee's Autobiography. 

11 — Collins' "Kentucky," Vol. 2, pages 517-18. 

12 — Foote's Sketches of Virginia, Second Series, 
pages 159-168. 

13 — General McAfee's Aiitobiography, year 
1774; and Dr. Hale's "Tians-Alleghany Pioneers," 
page 182. 

14 — Humphrey Marshall's History of Kentucky, 
Vol. 1, page 27; and fieneral McAfee's Autobiog- 
raphy, year 1774; and also his "Rise and Progress 
of the First Settlement on Salt River," under year 

15 — Collins' "Kentucky," Vol. 2, page 519; Gen* 
eral McAfee, for the year 1775; and .Marshall, Vol. 
1, page 37. 

16 — See tlie map of South- Western Virginia, and 
South-Eastern Kentucky, showing this route, and 
the two gaps only fifteen miles apart. 

17 — See General McAfee, under year 1775; and 
the various larger Kentucky histories, which men- 
tion this trip in some detail. 

18 — For a full account of the Henderson Com- 
pany' and their proceedings in Kentucky, see Col- 
lins, Vol. 2, pages 496-514. 

19 — See General McAfee's Autobiograjihy, years 

20 — Dr. Hale (page 267) says this was the first 
wagon road ever constructed across to the Green- 
briar. Mr. George Alderson, who is a grandson of 
the Rev. John Alderson (not Joseph, as Dr. Hale 
has it) who opened this road, resides now at the 
town of Alderson, West N'irginia, named for his 
family, and he informed the editor that the road be- 
gan on Catawba Creek, ran across John's Creek 
and Potts Creek, to Old Sweet Springs, to Picka- 



way IMains, in between Flat Top Mountain and 24 — The grave of the venerable mother of the Mc- 

Swoopes Knob on to Alderson, A\'est Virginia, on Afcc ])i(inicrs has, witli tilial care, been exactly 
the Greenbriar Hivcr. This road was seventy to identified and pointed out by her grandson, Gen- 
seventy-five miles long, and it must have been ex- eral R. B. McAfee, and it will be found duly indi- 
ceedingly rough, and at some points in getting over cated on the map of fiercer County, contained in 
the mountains as steep as a wagon road could well this volume. If the editor may be pardoned the sug- 
be. Not less than four or five days would be re- gestion, he would express the opinion that the de- 
quired in nuking tlu- journey with heavily laden g-cendants of this lady can not afford to allow her 
pack-horses or wagons. grave to go uuumrked and neglected — it deserves a 

21— See General McAfee's Autobiography for ^^^^ monument, securely enclosed with an iron rail- 
the years 177(3, etc., which goes more fully into the j„„,^ ^i,,,.,, ^,,.^|| ^,,,i ,„ ^jj^g^ y^ unborn where lies 
details than the limits of this volume will admit of 
our doing. 

22 — Eamsey's "Annals of Tennessee,'' pages 152 
and IGo. 

23 — It may occur to some who read these pages 
that this chai^ter is a needless repetition of the nar- 
ratives contained in the journals of James and Rob- 
ert McAfee to be found in the Appendix. The 
authoi*'s apology is found in two facts, to wit : 
First, that the chapter contains a good many items 
which needed to be presented, but wliicli could not 
properly appear in the notes on those journals, as 

the body of the mother of five of the bravest and 
noldest of the men who helped to found the Com- 
monwealth of Kentucky. (See General McAfee's 
Autobiography under year 1779. ) 

25 — There is a mull iiudc of details relating to the 
life of this colony on Sail. River given by General 
McAt( e in his Autol(i()gra[)li\' which it would be in- 
teresting to have transferred to these pages. This, 
however, would consume more space than is at our 
conmiand in this volume, and the reiuler is there- 
fore asked to consult that manuscript work, which 

the reader will discover on carefully comparing the ^^"^ ^'^ ^"^^^^ i^ '^ S^"'^ ^'^^^ libraries, 

matter in this chapter with the journals and the 2(;— For somewhat, elaborate accounts of the 

notes thereon ; secondly, the journals, with the New I'rovidence Church, see Dr. Clelaud's Life; 

notes, are not adapted to the purposes of a con- General .McAfee's "Rise and Progress or the Salt 

tinuous and readable narrative, being suited rather IJiver Settlement," etc., and Davidson's "History 

to separate study. of Piiesbyterian Church," pages 71-73. 








Ninety-three persons are listed belo\\' as jiatrous 
of tliis work, and all but six of them are lineal 
descendants of either John Woods of Ireland or 
of John iMcAfee of Scotland, or of both. For con- 
venience these patrons are distributed into four 
separate groups. First, there are six individuals, 
who, tbdiiiili 7i()l descended from cither the Woods- 
es or the McAfees, have rendered the editor valu- 
able assistance, in one way or another, in further- 
ing this publicafion. It was at his request that 
these gentlemen kindly furnished him with mate- 
rials for the sketches of themselves which -will be 
found herein. Tlicy deserve the thanks of nil the 
other patrons for their kind encouragement. Five 
of these gentlemen have made the history of the 
Virginias and Kentucky a matter of careful study, 
and there are probalily no equal number of persons 
living who kbow as much about the genesis of 
Kentucky as they. T\\ey are all gentlemen of 
antiquarian tastes, and Innc all publislied valu- 
able historical works bearing on the earlier days 
of Kentucky. The editor is happy to lie able to pre- 
sent in this volume a sketch and portrait of each 
of them, especially as he ventures to belie\-e that 
at least a portion of the matter contained herein 
is of the kind in wliich they take special interest. 

The second grovip, containing twenty-seven 
names, is composed of lineal descendants of John 
McAfee of Scotland. The third consists of lineal 
descendants of John "SA'oods, of Ireland, and num- 
bers forty-seven individuals. The fourth group, hav- 
ing thirteen members, is made up of persons wlio 
claim bolli llic AVoodsi's and McAfees as their an- 
cestors. Tlie nniiilici- of ]ieo]ile now living in Am- 
erica who are closely related, by lilood oi- marriage, 

to one or more of tlic iiatrons of this work and 
their forbears probably iiicliHJcs IlKiiisands of in- 



Eeuben Thomas Durrett, son of ^^■illiam and 
Elizabeth (itce Rawlings) l>iii'rclt, was born in 
ITenry County, Kentucky, January 22, 1824. After 
enjoying such educational advantages as the 
schools of his native county afforded, he went to 
Oeorgetown College, at Georgetown, Kentucky, in 
1844, and remained there until 1840. He then went 
to Bro^^•n TTniversity, in Providence, R. I., where 
he graduated with the degree of A. B., in 184!). The 
same year he entered the law department of the 
University of Louisville where, by superior appli- 
cation, he combined the courses of study for two 
years into one and was gradnated with the degree 
of LL. 15. , in 1850. In 1853 tiie degree of A. M. was 
conferred upon him by Brown University for con- 
tinued advancement in learning, and since then he 
has received from each of the three colleges he at- 
tended — Brown University, tieorgetown College 
and the University of Louisville, the degree of 
LL. D., which was the higliest lumor they could 
confer upon him. 

Immediately after leaving the law school, Mr. 
Durrett began tlie practice of law in Louisville, 
and was one of. the most finished sciiolars of his 
age who ever appeared at the Louisville bar. His 
knowledge of different languages, Gi-eek, Latin, 
Freucli, Italian, Spanish and Gernmn, and bis rare 
gifts as both a speaker and a writer contributed 
largelv to his success at the bar. .\fter continuing 



at the priicticc I'di- tliirty vcnis lie was alile to re- 
tire in ISSO ii|MiM tlic coniiiclciKy lie liad earned. 
A iiuiiil)cr of Ills speeches to juries, and arfjniments 
to courls. \\('r(' deemed worthy of ]>uhliration, and 
app(\*ii-ed in llie newspapers at the time tln^' were 
made. His speech in defense of TTeitz for tlie mnr- 
dei' of TiObslein, ])nl)lislicd in llie <'(iiiri>'r-.l(iii)-iial 
of Jannai'y 20, 1S71, and liis ari;niiient in lielialf of 
that paj)er in defense of tlie lihel snit of TTnll, 
Marrli 80, 1S72. are speeimens of learninio:, style 
and eloqnenee which liare s(d(h>ni been sni^iassed 
in the Louisville Ponrt Honse. TTis fame as an 
orator. ho\\c\cr. will more pennanently rest npon 
his oral ions ]trepared f(u* ]Mdilic occasions. When 
he was graduated from tlie law school iu IS-'O he 
delivereid the valedictorT, and it was so mnch ad- 
mired that it was published and hig'hly praised in 
the newspapers. His Fonrth of Jul.y oration at the 
invitation of the City Conncil of Loui.sville in 1852, 
his address before the IMeohanics' Institute of 
LouisviHe in 1S.~(1, his Centennial orations for 
Louisville in L'<SO when the city was an hnndred 
years old, and for Kentucky in 1S02, when the 
Commonwealth had reached tlie same venerable 
age, and his ad<lress to the Alumni of Georgetown 
College in 1S04, all (d' which were ])ublished at the 
dates of delivery, were so replete with learning and 
so beautifully written that they can not fail to oc- 
cupy a permanent place in our literature. 

In his earlier years, ^Mr. Durrett yielded to an 
imagination which demanded the exi)ression of 
thoughts in verse, and had he not acquired distinc- 
tion in other lines he might have been widely known 
as a jxiet. Li poetry he was exceedingly versatile 
and passed fnun the humorous to the grave with 
marked facility. His serious iiumor, however, pre- 
dominated, and his best productions may be con- 
sidered in liiis vein. His "Xight Scene at Dren- 
non's S]irings" in 1S50, his ''Thoughts Over the 
Grave of the IJev. Thoma-s Smith," in 1852, and his 
"Old Year and New iu the Colliseum at Rome," in 
ISoC, each of which was published when written, 
are fine specimens of classic thought expressed in 

blank verse and entitle him to high rank among 
Western poets. 

It is as a prose Avriter, however, that ]Mr. Durrett 
will be most favorably and most enduringly known. 
So soon as lie left college he began writing for the 
newspapers and periodicals, ^fost of his articles, 
however, appeared in pi'int as editorials or over 
anonymous signatures, so that he got no credit for 
them except anumg a few intimate friends. From 
1857 to 1S50 he was the editor-in-chief of the Louis- 
ville Ciiiirli r. and his leaders, always distinguished 
f(U' ilieii' lu'oad range of knowledge and vigor of 
style, made him an (uuiable 7-eputation as a jour- 
nalist. .\flei- retiring from the bar in 1880 he de- 
voted much of his leisure to historic studies, for 
Which he always had an inclination. His articles 
in the l^oiitlii iii lilrouae for iMarch, April and May, 
in 188t;, on the Kentucky Resolutions of 1798-90, 
may serve as specimens of his writings iu this line. 
He corrected the errors which had pre\-ailed for 
three-quarters of a century com-erning these cele- 
brated I'csolutious, and i>laced the authors and the 
icsolutioiis themselves in their I rue jiosition in his- 
tory. His numerous histxu'ic ai-ticles published in 
the ('oiirirr-Jdiiniul since 1880 have been widely 
read and much admired for their original research 
and the new color with which they invested im- 
ixirtant <'vents and subjects. In the annual re- 
ports of the American Historical Association for 
1801 and 1892, several pages are occupied with a 
list of his histoTica] writings. 

In 1881 a few of his associates of similar tastes 
joined Mv. Durrett in establishing an association 
in l>(uiisville for co-operative effort in collecting 
and preserving and jnihlishiug historic matter re- 
lating to Kentucky. This association was named 
"The Filson Club," in honor of John Filson, the 
first historian of Kentucky, and .Mr. Durrett, who 
was made its in-eshlent, prepared and read the first 
paper before it. This paper was entitled "The 
Life and Times of John Filson," which was pub- 
lished as No. 1 of the series ni' cluli publica- 
tions. It is a quarto of 132 pages, so full of orig- 
inal umtter and so beautifullv written that it at 



once gaA^e the club a prominent stand among kin- 
dred aiS'sociations. Mr. Dnrrett is also the author 
of No. 5 of the club publications, entitled "An 
Historical Sketch of St. Paul's rhurch, Louisville, 
Kentucky;'' of No. 7 entitled the "Centenary 
of Kentucky;" of No. 8 entitled "The Centenary 
of Louisville," and of No. 13 entitled "Bryant's 
Station." The characteristic of Mr. Durrett's his- 
torical wriiinjis is original research, and he invests 
his new matter with such charms of style that it 
is alM'ays a pleasure to read what lie has written. 

In liis literary studies ^Ir. Diirrcitt has always 
bought the books he needed, and in thus purcliasing 
from year to year he has accumulated a large and 
valuable library. The yolumes and pamphlets and 

porations in Louisville, and is noted for givijig as 
unremitting alientiiin lu Ihnse of a chai-itahle ;is to 
those of a business cliararici-. lie is a man of broad 
benevolence, and conl libnlcs libci-ally to all tlie 
charities which he deems wni-ihy. 

In 1S.")2 .Mi-. 1 Mind I was ninnied to ;Miss Eliza- 
beth H. Bates, the only dangliler of Cnleb and 
Elizabeth ( iicc Humpln-eys| Bates, of Cincinnati, 
Ohio. ]Mrs. Durrelt was a lady of rare intellectual 
attainments, and. lil<e liei- husband, had literary 
taistes of a contrnliing nature. Tliere were liut 
few good books in tlie accessilile range uf literature 
which liad not cont riliuted to lier knowledge, and 
]\Ir. Dnrrett owes much of his varied learning and 
culture to the companiiMislii)> of jiis gifted Avife. 

papers and manuscripts upon his shelves number She bore him four ciiildren, tlin^e of whom pre- 

more than 50,000. and he is adding to them every ceded her to the grave, and one of whom, Lily Bates 

year. His collection embraces M'orks in almost Durrett, wlio died at tlie dawn of young woman- 

every branch of human knowledge, but is particu- hood, liad written a series of letters from Europe 

larly rich in history, and especially American his- and from Florida, wliieji weic juiblished in theCo^r- 

tory. He has the principal histories of every irr-Jnunial in the winter and spring of 1880, and 

State, as well a.s those of the United States at large which gave abundant proof that she had inherited 

and of the North American Continent. In Ken- her father's gifts as a writer. Tlie only survivor 

tucky histories and Kentucky books his collection of tlieir children is Dr. AA'illiam T. Durrett, of 

surpasses those of all others c(iiiil»iiied. He has Louisville, Kentucky. 

made it an object to secure eveiy book aliout Ken- The Durretts are of French origin, and the fam- 

tucky or Kentuckians or that had been written by ily traditions date back to Louis Duret, an eminent 

a Kentuckiau or CA^eu printed in Kentucky. He French physician and author, who flourished about 

has thus covered the whole field of Kentucky bibli- the middle of the sixteenth century, lie was the 

ograpliy, and the other libraries of the world con- aTithor of several learned books and especially of 

tain nothing to compare with his collection. lie a commentary in Greek, Latin and French, upon 

is so familiar with his books that he can pi'omptly 
lay his hands lui any one of bis fifty thousand vol- 
umes without the aid of a catalogue; but, better 
than this, he is as familiar with the contents of his 
books as he is with their location upon the shelves. 
In recognition of his ^"aried attainments, JNIr. 
Durrett has been made a member of numerous his- 
toric, scientific and learned societies in this coun- 
try and in Europe. Unlike most men distinguished 
for learning he has a clear business head and sound 
judgment, which have weight among men of affairs. 
As president, vice-president, director, trustee, com- 
missioner, etc., he is connected with various cor- 

the works of Hippocrates, whieU was first published 
in Paris in l.")88. It is a venerable folio bound in 
thick boards covered with vellum, and now in pos- 
session of the subject of this sketch. 'Sir. Durrett 
has also other venerable volumes of which different 
members of the family were the authors, and which 
are (|uaint specimens of the art of printing and 
binding in early limes. .Vmong these may lie men- 
tioned "A Commentary on the Customs of the 
Dutch," by Jean Duret, a folio published at Lyons 
in 1584; "A Treatise on the Causes and Effects of 
Tides," by Claude Duret, an octavo published at 
Paris in 1600; "A History of the Languages of the 



East," hv riaiulo Duret, a (inarlo piiblisliecl at 
Ooloinne in 101:5. After the Massacre of St. Bar- 
tliolouu'w sonic (if tlie Durets crossed the British 
rhanncl and selMcd in Eno'laud. In 1044, Christo- 
piicr Dnrct was prominently connected Avitb the 
r.a|ilisis in London, and liis name ai>pears snb- 
scrlbed to the Articles of Faith pnt fortli that year. 
In En<j-land the French pronunciation -was dropped, 
and the name prononnced Dnret. as it was spelled, 
instead of Dnray, as the French liad it. In the 
coarse of time tliis Enjilish ]ironnnciafion was em- 
phasized liy donblinii' tlie "r" and "I" whicli pro- 
dncefl tlie name ''Dnrrctt," as we now have it. 
Early in the einhteentb ccninry three brothers. 

search of information from rare books and 
mannscripts. In tliis way most literary per- 
sons at lionic and many from abroad have been 
placed under oblio-ations to him, and his constant 
resTet is tliat lie has not been able to do more ijood 
to otlicrs with his books. The introduction to this 
\dliiiiie is from the pen of tliis distini;uislie<l writer. 



Tobuicl J. Stoddard .Icdmston \\as the second son 
(if .Tiidjic John Harris Johnston, a native of Mason 
rounty, Kentucky, and elder brother of fieneral 
Albert Sidney Johnston, who removed at an early 
John, Ixichard and Bartholomew Durrett, came age to Louisiana, and died there in isns. He was 
from England to Spottsylvania County, Virginia, a. la^-yer and planter, speaker of the Louisiana 
where they purchased lands and permanently set- House of Representatives in 1S30 and Judge of the 
tied. From these Virginian ancestors tlie Durretts Parish of Rapides at the time of his death. He 
in tlie T'liited States liave descended. I'lancis Dur- was a half-brother of Hon. Josiali S. Johnston, 
rett, the grandfather of the snliject of this sketch, three times elected Senator from Louisiana, for 
was with (teiieral George Rogers Clark in the Illi- whom the subject of this sketch was named. The 
nois campaign n( 17TS-!», but returned to Virginia mother of Colonel Johnston was Eliza Ellen David- 
son, eblest daughter of Dr. Richard Davidson, a 
A'irginian, of New Orleans, La. Her mother was 
Die daiigliler of .biliii IMiitard, a noted citizen of 
Ne\\' ^'ork, whose ancestors emigrated from France 
i(^ America, in ITSO after the rev(i<-alioii of the edict 
of Nantes. He was the founder of Tammany, orig- 
inally an Historical Society, in 1790, and its first 
Sagamore; Editor of the Piihlic Advertiser in 
1802; founder of the New York Historical Society 
:Mr. Durrett is a well-preserved man of health in 1804; a promoter of the first Savings Bank and 
and vigor, who bids fair, w illi his regular and mild its president; and one of the founders of the Am- 
habits, to live through a generous number of the erican Bible Society. He was a vestryman of the 
years of the future. He belongs to the school of French Church of St. Esprit, New York, and 
old Virginia gentlemen, uo\\' so rare among us, and trauslaited into French the Book of Common 
his hospitable home is ever open to those who wish Prayer still in use. He died August, 1845. Among 

Colon(d Johnston's other ancestors was Colonel 
Abraiii Brasher, a member of the first, second and 
third Provincial Congi*esses of New York ; a Revo- 
lutionary officer, and a member of the Committee of 
One Hundred, when Wasbingion occupied New 

Col. Johnston was born in New Orleans, La., at 

instead of settling at oiicc as olliers did in the ucav 
country. Early in the present century, however, 
he moved to Kentucky, and settled iiixm land which 
he iMnclias<'d in llciiry Couiily. Here William, the 
oldest sou of Francis ajid the father of ]»lr. Dun-eLt, 
became a wealthy farmer and erected upon his 
plantation the first brick iioiise that was built in 
Henry County. That house stands to-day as sound 
as it was when erected, a century ago. 

to see him. His collection of liooks and anti(inities 
has made him a kind of show in Louisville whither 
strangers as well as ac(|uaiiiiaiices resort with an 
assurance of seeing sometliing worth seeing 
and learning something worth knowing. He 
is never more delighted than wiieu in his 
great library with one or more persons in 



the house of his ^i-iiiidfaflicr Davidson, Fduniaiy 
10, 1833. On the death of liis motlicr in 1S;!T his 
fatlii'i* intrusted his tiirt'c little scms t<> liic care of 
their nidther's sister, Mrs. Mar\ l>a\iilsiin llancoik, 
wife of Colonrl (icorg'e Hancock, of JeffersoTi 
Connty, Kentncky. The eldest son, -lolni i'intard 
Johnston, died of cholera in ISl'.l. 'I'lu' youTiiii'st 
lirotlier, Harris Hancoelc Johnston, who was an in- 
fant a few months old when his niotlicv died, hc- 
canic tlie adopted son of Colonel and .Mrs. Han- 
cock, was ednrated at tlie University, and served 
with distinction throniih the <"i\"il W'nr in tiie ('<in- 
federate Army on the staff of (ieneral William 
Preston, ami as Captain of Cavalry. Foi- the ureat- 
( ]• jiart of his life he was eni;aiied in faniiint; nntil 
his death in 1877. Colonel Johnston was a pnpil 
of .Samuel ^'. ^^'oma(•k, of Shelhyville, Ky., a noted 
teacher of classics, and aflerwai'ds a cadet in the 
Western ^Military Institute at Georiictown, Ky., 
when Jann s (1. Blaine was a i)rofessor there. In 
18r)0 he entered the sophomore class at Yale Col- 
lesje, Avliere he was siraduated in 1S~t'.\. He studied 
lawat the law school of the Tniversity of Lonisville, 
and took his diploma in 1854, with no immediate 
iuteution of entiaiiini;- in the ]iiactice, hut to com- 
plete his education and as a future reso\irce in case 
of necessity. In the same year. June 13, 1851, he 
married Eliza \\dolfolk Johnson, dau^^^liter of 
Cleorue ^V. Johnson, of Sc(>tt County, Kentucky. In 
the succeeding;- year he became a cotton planter near 
Helena, Arkansas, where he lived four years. In 
1859 he S(dd his interests in Arkansas and houglit 
a farm in Scott County, Keutuiky, where he was 
livini; when the Civil War broke out. At that time 
he was tendered tlie nomination for the Legisla- 
ture, but declined it in view of his purpose to enter 
the Confederate seiwice. Circumstances, however, 
prevented his carrying out his pur])ose until the 
first raid of (Ieneral John II. .Morgan into Ken- 
tucky in July, 1862, when after his retreat lie made 
his way through the Federal lines and was there- 
after in active service in the field in the Adjutant 
Generars department continuously until the close 
of I he war. lie served on llii' staff of General 

iJragg w illi the rank <if jjeulenant Colonel throujih 
I he Kenlncky canijiaign. laking pail in llie battles 
of P(»rryville, .Murfreeslioro and oilier lesser engage- 
men Is. Ill .In lie, 1S(I:'>, he became a i iieiii I ler of ( Ien- 
eral S. !'.. Itnckner's staff, sei-ving with liiiii in llie 
canipaigii in East 'reiinessee and in ilie bailie of 
Chickaniauga. ( ieiiera 1 lluckni'i- having been li'ans- 
ferreil to the Trans-.M ississi]ipi. he then became 
( "hief-of-StalT to General John ( '. i'.reckinridge, 
who was shortly aflerwai'ds, in .laiiuai-_\. 18(!1. 
assigned to tiie coiniiiaiid of ihe I »e](arliiieni of 
South-westei'n ^'irginia. The caiiipaigii of ihal 
year was an arduous ime, embraciiig ihe bailies of 
New Market, Sec(uid C(dd llarlior, Monocacy, 
Maryland, "^^'inchester and many otliers of less 
note, incdnding the invasion of .\lar,\l,ind under 
General Early and occupation of the territory ujt 
to tile f<n-tifications <>{ ^^■ashingll^l in full \iew of 
Ihe ('ajiitol. lie conlinued wilh <ieiieial Ureckiii- 
ridg'e umtil that ofticer was appointed Secretary of 
^^'ar, si.x weeks befcu-e ihe surrender at .\])]iomat- 
tox and served on Ihe slatf of his successor, (Jen- 
eral John Ediols, nntil the surrend(u- of General 
Joseph 11 Johnston, w hen he was paroled at his 
headquarters May 1, 18(j5. 

After the war, by which he lost his entire estate. 
Colonel Johnston went to Helena, Arkansas, and 
entered upon the pi'actice of law. meeting wiih 
immediate success, but in the fall of 18()7, owing to 
an impediment; in his hearing he returned to Ken- 
tucky, and became tlie editor of the Fraiilcfurf Yco- 
uinii, the official organ of the Dt'mocratic party of 
the State. In 180!» he assisted in organizing the 
Kentuc ky Press Association, and was its president 
from 1S70 lo ISSC) by annual election, lie was 
Adjutant General of Kentucky in 1871, and Secre- 
tary of state from IS75 lo ls7'.>. In 18(;7 he be- 
came secretary of ihe Democratic State Central 
Coiiiiuittee, and was secrelarx or (liainiian for the 
gi( all r pari of eiglii ecu sears. elTeeiing a thorough 
(U'liunizal ion of Ihe party and maintaining its 
as<-endancy. In ISSb he retired from Ihe Yeoman, 
in which he had become a iiarliier. and in 1880 



;,l,„„l.m.Ml life Miul nn,(.vr,l 1.. Loi.isville, Two years a-o Col.mel Johnston lia.l tlie niisfor- 

whicli has since h.-cn Lis plare of residoncc. Unic to lu- bereaved of his wife, with wliuin W had 

]„ addiliou K. ins edit, -rial aiul pnlilical activity Inl a liaj.pv life ex-.-..edin- f..rty-s.-v,'ii years, lie 

Col.HKd .lohnsl.,11 lias r.Hiihl lime lo render sei-vice eunlinues U. make L.uiisville liis ii.nne, altluai-h 

in (,llier lielHs. He lias always taken -reat interest Ids eliildren. nf wlaim he has f.iur. r.'side without 

i„ il„. I,,.,,,.., ,,!■ ,,,i„,,,ii,H, and romm.m schools, Ihe Stale. His eldest sun. (ieor-e W. .lehnston, 

linvin- iMM.n In.- r,,nr y.-ars a memlier ^^^ llie State and his yomi.oest. named fur his father, live in New 

|..,,.i,,l ,,|- |.:,|e,aii..n. and delivered rre(|nenl public Vnrk Cily ; his dau-hler. .Mrs. William I'.. Wisdom, 

addresses, besides advocal in- theniosl liberal j.-.l- in New Orleans, and his second sun. Harris H. 

icv as an editor, llehasals,, rendered valuable .lohnsiiui. in SI. Louis. They aie all married, 
service in Ihe (levelo|)menl of llie nalui'al resources 

Keniuck\. ha\int; heen lari^elv inslrumental 



rheesiablishmenl of the ( ieolo^i. nl Survey <.f Ken- COL. BENNETT H. YOUNG. LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY. 
tuck\. and liaviim made himself, for Ihe ])urposi> of Bennel I rienders(ni Vouni;'. sou (d' Robert Yonnc; 
keepin;; u|i with ils work under Trofessor Sliahu", and Josephine lleudeisou, was born in Jessanune 
;ind his iiiiimaie fiii'iid, the late ri-ofessiu- John TJ. ( 'onn'ty, Keidiicky, .May iT), 1843. lie was edu- 
I'rocior. ils direcbu-s. <uie of the best ]prai-lical caled at ]>ethel Academy. Xicholasville, and at 
licoloiiisls in tin' State. In Ihe llora id' Ken lucky he < 'cuier Colle.tic, Danville, l\y. lie also look honors 
is eipiallv jirotieieiil, as also in arboriculture, in at the Fniversity of Ircdand, Tielfast. 
which he has always taken a lively interest. Tu Ihe suiiiiiier (^f ISbi'. with his ediicalion ii.alf 
Of late vears Colonel Johnston has devoted him- tiuished, when the i^reat WiW of the Kebi lli(Ui was 
self chietlv to lilei'ary work and antlrorshi]>. In breakinii on the couulry, he east his fortunes with 
1,S!I(! he compiled a valuable history of T.ouis\ille the Soiilli. and eiilisled with John II. ^forjian's 
in I wo large quarto \olumes, which is reconnized ('a\alry. In (b'lieral .Mori;an"s i;real raid thriuijih 
as autliority upon ev<'ry tiling- jtertaining to thi" Indiana and Ohio in isC.:;. be was cajptured on the 
cil \'s pasi, and includes much \aluable informal i(Ui LMilh of .Inly, and was contineid -willi a lariie number 
incidenlall> relal iiii; lo ihe Stale of Kentucky. As uf his comi-ades, lii-st in the Columbus iienitenliary 
a member of the hilson < Midi, id' which be has been and afterwards in Ihe^fililary I'rison at Camii 
vice-president leu or twelve years, he has made val- Chase, Columbus, ()iiiii. He was afterwards re- 
ualile researches into the early history of Keutui'ky, moNcd to Camp I>oui;las, at- ('hicai;o. He escajied 
upon wducli he lias read many papers bebn-e that iiom ("amp Douiilas, December 1."), lS(i:!, and 
body. He is also ihe atitlKn- of a. valuable volume of made his way lo Ilalifa.x, \o\a Scotia. He oli 
the hilsou l'iiblications,entitled"First Explorations tained passage thence to the West Indies, and slic- 
ed' Kentucky, ■■ in which he lirsl detiiied the routes ceeded in i-unniiii; the blo(d<ade into Wilminiilou, 
of l»r. Thomas Walker in his tour throuji'h tlie North ('andinti. Al Kicdmiond, NdiL^inia. ou the 
Slate in IT.")!!, and of ( 'oloiiel ( "hris(o]iher Cist in Kiih of •liine, iSlit. he was nix'eii a commission by 
ITol, with llieir complete diaries accompanied the Conft'derati' Co\-ernmenl, and sent abroad on 
w ith valiialde e.\|planaioiy notes. Tt was ]niblished secret service. In Anjinst, 1864, he was sent on a 
in 1898. In the same year he wrote Ihe Coufed(>r- secret mission lo ndease the prisouei's at Camp 
the Kilson Tub Meat inns, cut it led"Kiist 10\]iloi-ations ( 'base. Kelurniuii- to Canada, he was commissioned 
\'olnme 1\ of the CoiibMlerale .Military History, to lead Ihe St. .\lbans raid, now famous in history, 
jmbli.shed in Allanta. Ca., under the aiis]iices of the which he successfully conduct(^d on Ihe liltli of 
Confederate Veteran ruiim, in twelve hii'ye octavo October, 18(14. This raid led to intermit iimal ciun- 
vliiiiies. plications with (ireat Dritain. Tin- I'liited States 


Grovernmeut son.<j;lit lo dlpiaiii imsscssiiiii of iiis ])ei-- 
sdii l)y extrfidition in-occcdiuns, w liich ended in the 
release of (.'oldiiel Voiiini, and his rdnirades, on tlie 
gmimd that Colonel Vcinni; had ((puinianded the. St. 
Alhans raid iu obedience to niililar.v onleis rnmi 
the Ciinfederate Governnient. So hiiier was the 
sentiment anaiust Colonel Yonni: ijiai aniiiesiy was 
refnsed liin: nnlil late in lS(;s. When he rcinrned 
from his funi- years" exile in 10nr(i|ie, dnrinii which 
time he iia<l eomjileted his edncation, as iiefnre 
stated, he came to Lonisville, and entered n]ion a 
successfnl career as a lawyei". 

In ISSO. he and his law jiartner. Si. Julin I'.oyle. 
revived ]inldic inlei'esi in (he constrncl ion of Ihe 
Louisville and St. l,onis Air Line Hallway, which 
they completed. 

Colonel \'(mnji, imimdiately after this enterprise 
had been placed upon a thcn'ouiihly sound financial 
liasis, and the work of constnietion beinji' well ad- 
vanced, nndei'look to I'coriiani/j and e.\i( nd i he old 
Louisville, New Albany, and Chicai^o Kail way, 
which was then practically ahandcnnd. With 
others he rehabilitated the road and comiileied it to 
Chicago. During the year of 1883, Colonel Young 
was president of the new road, which took the 
name of the Monon I{oute to Chicago, and now 
know n as the ALmon Koad. He next set alxmt the 
urbanization of a company to bi-idge tiie Ohio 
Kiv( r. The Kentucky and Indiana bridge, one of 
Ihe tinest structures of the kind in the country, is 
I he result of that enterprise. 

In 1888 he undertook the construction i>t' rhe 
Louisville Southern IJailroad lietweeu Louisville 
and Lexington. At Tyrone, some confusi(ni re- 
sult ed from a misunderstanding with the bidders 
for the contract to construct a bridge across the 
Kentucky Kiver. As it was important tiie road 
should be tinished by a siiecitied time, the failure 
to have the contract jpn^perly executed I'or the 
biiildin;; (pf this lpridg( seriously threatened the 
success of the enterprise, when Coloncd ^'onng. 
with the aid of his chief engineer, Mr. .John .Mc- 
Le(P(|, undertook the woi'l<. and successfully com- 
pleted the biid^e in aniple time (o c(pm|ply with the 

contracts made with tlie snbsci-ibers to the capital 
sl(pck of the road. Muring the lii-st year of the 
operation (^f the Southern Road, Colonel V(pung 
was its president, and succeeded Iti seiMiring i-ecog- 
nition for it as the great c(pnnecling link between 
the N(Pi-lliern and Sonthei-n systems (pf railway, and 
a I ford iiig ( 'h icag(p d ireci comninn ic-ai inn with Jack- 
son\ille. li,\ way of ihc lOasl TiMiiiesse<' ^: N'ir^inia, 
the Geoi'gia Central and Ihe I'lanI Sysleni. 

In ^>'■~~) he founded lii'llew I Seminary. f<ir the 

edncation of ynu7ig ladies, lie was one of the 
original |pi(pniolers and inc(U'|porators (pf the Ceii- 
tial rnixcrsity of Kentucky, lo liie endownu'iit 
fund of wliii-h he coiili-ibnied lilierally. and served 
more than twenl\ li\c years as (Piie of ils trustees. 
He was one of the founders and original incor- 
porators of the Louisville Presbyterian S(>minary, 
and has been from the beginidng, and is tiow, one 
of its trustees. Ills devotion to the cause of Pres- 
byterianisni has been enthusiastic. He was one of 
the originators of Ihe I']\'angelisl ic work of the 
Soutiu'ru I'resbyteriau Church. I'or years, he and 
.Mr. Ilicluird S.Veech gave about .f 5,000 ami ually to 
set in motion the f(U-ces which enabled the South- 
ern I'resbyteiian Church to (bpuble its membership 
in Kentucky in eighteen years, beginning in 1S81. 

In 1878, when the Legislaturo passed an enabling 
act, for the purpose of allowing the I'olytechnic 
S(pciety of Kentucky to take charge of aud manage 
the public library of Kentucky, located iu Louis- 
ville, Colonel Young was one of the leading meni- 
l)ers of the Society, aud took an active interest in 
the new and resiionsilile duties it assumed. 

The Society chose the late Kev. Stuart Kobinsou 
as its jjresident, reorganised the Society, elected 
Colonel Young aud hve other associatt'.s, members 
of the Executive Committee. Soon afterwards, on 
the death of l)r. Kobinsou, ( 'olonel 'i'oung became 
in-esident, and has held that (pllice Irom 1881 to the 
]ii'esent time. 

In 1890, Colonel ^■oung was elected a delegate to 
ihe Const ii ul ional Convention, fiom the I'ifth Dis- 
n-icl (pf Lonisville. About that time he [udjlished 
a historv of i he Const i tut ions of Keiil uck \ , contiiin 



iiij-' copies of tlu" ronstitiilions of 17!IS nnd 1851. In Aiiii.l tli<- busy and iiiultifaricnis activities which 

the Ooiiventioii he took a iiioi-c active part tliau liave been successfully iuaii-iirated and prosecuted 

aTiy otiici- lie is liie aiitlior of those pro- by Colonel Vonn- he has found tiuu- to make many 

visions endira.rd in Sections l^i:'.. JU, L'l.') and 21G, valuable contributions to the history nf the State, 

which prevent discrimination of tiie raiilroml com- His first important work is entitled ".V History of 

panics aiiainst each other, in the transmission and Presbyterian Evant^elistic Work in Kentucky." In 

delivery of freijihts. One of the lii-hest judicial 1S!M>. he iiublished "A History of the rdustitutions 

authorities declares these provisions of tiu- Ken- of Kentucky." He is a b-adin- mendiei- i,( ilic Fil- 

tuckv Oonstitution to be the wisest and nu)st care- sou Club, (d' Louisville. In l!tOO be |>ublislied "A 

fully constructed i)rovisi(nis of thai (bicument. 

In r.)0() he was (dectcd ])residenl of the Ken- 
tucky Institution bu- I lie i:ducati(ni of tlie Blind, 
an otifice he still ludds. He was the principal pro- 
uHitor (<( the estaldishmeid. in liKfJ, (d' tlu^ Ken- 
lucky institution for ludiucid ('(uifederate Sol- 
diers, known as Ihc Kentucky Confederate H(une; 
which. In act (if llie Kentucky Leiiislature, is (me 
(d' the important (deenH)syuary institutinus of the 
Stale. He is the ]iresideut of its Ibiard of Trus- 
tees, and has been since the lime of its oriiani- 
zation. For thirty-six years he has been Super- 
intendent of the Sunday Scbonl of tlu' Stuart 
IJobiusou ^lennirial ("burch. In 1902 tlu' 
Kentucky Hixision i<\' the CTiiled Confederate 
N'eterans electe(i him ('(unmander, with the 
rank (d' .Major-( b'ueral, and have continued 

History of the Battle of the Blue Licks." He is the 
author of "A History of Jessamine C(uiuty," and 
"A History of the Battle of the Tluunes." In re- 
viewiiiij,- bis coidributions to history, the editor of 
the Kentucky Historical Ileo-ister, calls him Ken- 
tucky's Alacaulay. His style as an author is bril- 
liant and attracti\'e, at the same time methoilical 
and analyl leal. 


{Deceased ) 

Thomas Sjieed \\,is Iku'u near Bardstowu. Kcti- 
tucky, XoN'embcr iKi, ISll. He was the s(ni of 
Thomas S. Sjieed, and li'raudsnu of .Maj<u- Tlnmias 
S])eed, both i>\' wIkuu -were resideiils i>\' the |)lace 
where the above Thonuis Speed was born. His 
grandfather, ('aptain James Speed came to Ken- 

to re-(dect him annually. He has l>een conspicuous tucky fi-om N'iriiinia, 1782. He served in the Bevo 

in the work (d' (U-iiani/.inj;' the .i;reat .Association of 
Ciuifedei-ate ^'eterans. Uw ]iurposcs (d' benevolence 
as w(dl as social enjoymeut. 

iMirinj;' the time he was en,i;aji'ed in the building 

lutionar,\ War as ca]itaiu in a ^'irginia regiuK'nt. 

The above Thomas Speed was educated in the 
schools at Bardstowu. and at Center and Hanover 
Colleiies. During the war he served in the T'uion 

(d" railroads, and bridges, he devoted all bis time Army as Adjutant of the Twelfth Kentucky Volun- 

and best efforts to this work; but, after fifteen teers. 

years, he returned to his ])rofession, and in less After the war he studied law at the Cniversity 

than a j-ear's tinu' he had taken a connnanding posi- of Michigan, and in the office of Hon. James Speed, 

tion at the bar. To-day lu' is recogui/ed as one of of Louisville, Kentucky, whose partner he became, 

the luost successful lawyers of the bar of Kentucky, and he also practised law as the paitnei' of John 

and as a jury lawyer he has few, if any, ecpials, and Speed. 

no superiors in this countiw. In 1892 he was a]p])(dnred clerk of the Cnited 

Colonel Young is often s])oken of as Kentucky's States Court at Louisville, whiidi office he held till 

most progressive and entei]n'ising citizen. Tu all 
public enterprises for the advancement of the peo- 
ple's interests he: is estec"nied by his f(dlow-citizeus 
as a leader. 

bis dealb. 

He has written and published several works, 
"The Wibleruess Boad," "The Political Club," 
"History of the Sjiecd Family." "History of the 






^ f 1 






Enioii Kcoiinciits of Kciituck.v;" niso ]>iniip]il(>ts pionetn- liisloiv of llic \'ii-;,'iiii:is iiml Kentucky, en- 

nml addresses, aiiKiiii^' IIumii an acrdiinl of llic Jiat- tilled "Tlic Trans All('-licii> riHiiccis." lOavly in 

lie of I'^vainklin, ^\iliell is used in Larn<'d"s "His- JN".»(I ho i<hiI< n loadiiii; [i;ii-l in oi'-anizin;;- llic West 

lory for Heady lief erencc." Virginia llislorical and Am iipiarian Society, and 

•^'i'- f^l 'I <li'''l ill I>onis\ille, daniiary ;'.(l, 1!I0."">. wais ils lirsl |(r(>si(lenl. His fondness for anliifna- 

riam reseui-cli was ainiosi a jiassion wilii liiin;anil 

SKETCH c ^^ may lie doubled wIkiiki- ihei-e has evei' lived a, 

man wlio was more llioroni:lil\ informed IJian J)r. 

DR. JOHN P. HALE, DECEASED, LATE OF ,, , , , ',■ , 

itale was com-ernnm ilie earU liistorv ol ihe whole 

CHARLESTON, W. VA. • ,. , ' ' 

region adjaeenl |o ihe l\.anawlia, ( !i-eeniirier and 

Hi-. John I'. Hah' was horn .May 1, 1824, at Xew Rivers, ami Iheir several I I'ilmlaries. Tiie 
IngJus Eerry, \irginia, on New lliver. His ma- place of his liirlli ( higles I'erry ) \\as(.nly a few 
ternal grand-]iarent.s were William Higles and miles distanl frcnn I Maper's .Meadows i now {'.lacks- 
Alary Draper, who in 174S fouudeil the fanions luirg). and Ihere was ne\cr a locality in all that 
Draper's ]Meadows Settlement, now marked by the Jiai't of our count ry al which so manv ancieni li'ails 
town of Blaeksliurg, Virginia. The massaci'e of ami highways centei'cd. The suiiply-store which 
the whites at that place in 1 7. "•.-), ami the cari-ying stood there from 1 T.'d onward was a famous ren- 
away into captivity of his graTidmother, Mm. dezvous and poini of departure for explorers, huul- 
lug'leis, by the Indians, and iier ahnost miraculous ers and eniigraiiis from \irginia and llieCai-oliuas. 
escape and return to her home, are nuitters familiar Dr. Hale's boyhood was sjient in tiiat neiglihor- 
to all who are at all acquainted with Virginia his- hood; and his ancestors had made the original 
tory. Dr. Hale, when yet a boy of si.xleeu, moved wliite settlement there, am! had had some of ihe 
down into the Kanawha Valley, where he lived for most bloody encouidci's with Indians that e\-er 
si.Kly-t wo years, dying July 11, 1!»0L'. He studied hapjiened in Ibe Sonlh during ihe eighteenth cen- 
mcdicim-, and in 1815 he was graduated from Ihc! lury. It was hut natural, Iberelore, that a man of 
Medical Department ol the Enivcrsily of I'ennsyl- his turn of miTid should pay special attention to the 
vania. He ])ractised medicine (>\\\\ a short time, early history and I radii ions of that region. It was 
however, and engaged in the manufacture of salt under liis gnidaiice. lo a great degree, that the 
near Charleston, AV. Va., in 1817. In this business anthor of this volume drew ibe nia]( to be found 
he was engaged for about forty years. The discov- herein, enlilled .Ma|( of the I'ai-ting of the Ways, 
ery in otiier parts of the Enited States of rich Dr. Hale remlered ihe author of ibis vohinu- most 
mines of almost pure rock-salt in ine.\haustible valuable ser\ ice in ihe way ><( informal ion on the 
(piantities gradually destroyed this in(lustr3' in the pioneer history of \irginia. Di-. Hale was never 
Kanawha ^'alley, and Dr. Hale was probably a married. His death occurred, as above staled, 
heavy lovser thereby. He later became intereisted in July 11, IIKIU, when a lillle pasi his seventy-eighlh 
cowl properties, but only in the latter years of his year. 
life did be ri'aliy.e much llierefi-om. He was a pub- 
lic-spirited man throughout his whole career, and 
the city of Charleston' is largely indebted to him CHARLES M. DEDMAN. HARRODSBURG. KENTUCKY. 

for its having been made the capital of \\cst Vir- Charles Mortinu v Dedman was ihe only child of 

ginia. He was for mauj- years of his life a prolibc Dr. Dickson Goodi Dedman by his second wife, 

contributor to magazines and newspapers, and be- Mrs. Mary Seui i iirc .Mcl'.rayen, and was born in 

came the author of a nuudier of \aluable ])ublica- l.;iwT'enceburg, Keiducky, .May L'2, 184!). His 

ti(uis, chief auHing \\hich was liis book (Ui the father was Ji nati\e of N'ersailles, Kentucky and 




the sou of Natliiiii I •.■ilni.-in In liis wife Elizabeth 
(/)(•(■ Coocli I. A full nccoiinl nf the Di'diiiaus and 
Goofhes will lie foiiiid in Skcld: !i:'>. aiul need not 
lie i('|)(';il('<l iieve. 

Mr. Charles ]\r. Oe.linaii scillfd in I larroilsburi,' 
in 1S(1S. and for nianv vears has fonduclcd in that 
place a iIvu'j: store with marked siicecss. In ISTtl 
he was married to .Miss .^[ollie 1!. Currv, dau.nliter 
of the late W. T. Ciirr.v. of riaintdslinr-. Three 
daughters and one sou have been bom to .Mr. and 
Mrs. Dedmun, to wit: Bessie (J.; Miu.y Wallace; 
Nellie; and Thonuis Currv. They have one of the 
most hcaiilirnl homes in I [ari-odsburii. .V biief 
account of the Seas an<l .McBi'ayers follows: 

.M.VKV .Mc1'.I;.\VI':K was born on Salt Kiver. in 

such an e.xtent that he was co7istautly called upon 
to settle disputes and controversies, and his decis- 
ion ended the matter. 

of this first niarriajic, tive children wi-re horn, 
only two of whom p;rew to manhood. 

1 — Caiitaiu .\ndrew .M. Sea, boiii lS4fl, now liv- 
ing in Louisville, Ky. lie was Sec(Hid Lieutenant 
iu .\lar.«hairs S. C. Battery in the Civil 
War, afterwai'ds kno-wn as Moi-i(in"s battery; 
was ]ii-i'sent at, and participated in, the battles of 
Shiloli, Besaca. Teach Tive Creek, Cluckamauga. 
( "ohunbia, I'ranklin and othei-s. A\'as for some 
years Secrelary of the Kentucky Slate Sunday 
School ruion, and Crand Master of the Kentucky 
.V. (). r. W. lias been an elder in the First Pres- 

Frauklin, now Anderson County, Kentucky, on byterian Church of i>(misville, Kentucky, since 

.March 30, 1811, and died iu Lawrenceburg, Ken- 
tucky, 2Gth of July, JS.">7. She was the daughter of 
Andrew iMcBrayer and .Martha Itlackwcll. Her 
fathei' was the S(Ui of William .Mdti'ayer, (Uie of the 
earliest pinneeis of Keut\icky, and was born Octo- 
ber L'd, 1771), and diecl about 1838. He was tor 
many years a lueuiber ol tiie Kentucky Legislature, 

188(;. He married .Miss Sophie I. Fox, of Danville, 
Kentucky, daughter of the late Judge Fontaine T. 
Fo.K and Eliza .lane Huntou. 

1'— Kobert W. Sea, born 1844; mari-ied, 180.4, 
Miss .Vmelia .M. <lriuu's, daughter of Bobert 
Ci'imes, of llarrodsburg. Mr. Sea at present lives 
in Chicago. His only son, Bobert C. Sea, private 

and was such, as is believed, at the time of his in ( \)miiany 1, Twentieth Infantry, T'. S. Regulars, 

death. His wib', .Martha I'dackwcll. was the 
daugliiei- of Ibibert lllackwelj, ami was Imru .March 
L'l.', 17S!l. and died .\pril lib, ISC.l. 

.Mary .McBrayei' was twice marrieil — tirst, to 
lioberL ^^ . Seii, on September 3, 183."); and second, 
to Ur. Dixou G. Hodman, on August, lii', 1848. 

Mr. Sea was the sou of Lecuiaid Sea, and was 
boru ou Salt Biver, in what is now .\ndersou Coun- 
ty, Kentucky, 1."), 181U. and di(d in Law- 
r(>nceburg, Kentucky, September -'>. 1S4."), ai the 
early age (^f thirty-five, ha\ing amassed a handsome 
fortune. He was alsd a meudiei of the Kentucky 
lA'gislalure, and a speech he uuide there is said to 
have been the indirect cause of his death. Hurinjr 

'\as in the lialtk- of Santiago, and came home only 
!ip die w ith typhoid fever at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, October, 1898. 

• "harles ^lortimer Hedman -was thi' only child of 
Dr. l>i.\ou G. aud Mary Sea Dedman, and was born 
in 184b. His father died on the l.'.th of May, 18.'i0. 

.Mrs. Mary Sea. Hedmaii had the following 
brothers aud sisters who grew to mauhood aud 
\\ omanhood. 

1 — Sanford .Mcltiayer, born 180(!, bust his life at 
the burning of The steamer "ANar I'.agle" in the 
.\i ississipj)i Biver, .May l.~), 187(1. lie nuirried his 
cciusin, Elizabeth McBrayer, aud their only daugh- 
ter, Mattie, married Bev. J. V. l.,ogau, H. H., of 

the; course (d his speech, he became e.xcited aud Central University, Uauville, Kentucky. Mr. Mc- 

(pvcrheated, and retired in an ante n , and unfor- Brayer was a merchant and banker, very wealthy, 

innately got in a drafi, whi.-h brought on ••(piick" aud one of the most hospitable of meu. 

consumiiiiiui, and soon ended his lib', lie was in 2— Bobert C, born 1809; died young, .sine prole. 

uuiuy respects a reuuirkable man, and possessed He was very prominent iu uulitary matters, and 

the re.spect and confidence of his fellow-citizens to held a high commaiul iu the K. S. G. 



:{ — .Tunc, honi 1S1:>. Slic iiiiii-ricd ;i IWv. ^Tr. 
Slicniinii, lull of licr and her Imsliand uollnnn' is 

4 — Sarah, liorn lSir>; iiian-icd 'I'aillon Kailcy; 
has been dead |ii-ol)al)ly liall' a ccnlui-x-. 

5 — Dr. John Allen, born INIT; he sludicd medi- 
cino witli Dr. Dixon G. T>i'(lnian at l^awrenceburfj; 
estahlisiud liinisplf at ^It. E<l('n, Kontuckv, and in 
the sprinsi' of 1S42, received tlie dej^ree of 'SI. D. 
from the Medical Institute of Louisville, and lo- 
eated at Ilarrodsbnrii-; spent Xovendier of the year 
1S4(> in Cuba to ici^ain his fast faiiinii liealth. In 
November, 1847, he left for Mexico; was appointed 
Assistant Surgeon in the TTnited States Army 
tliere; served until March, 1S4S. Dr. McHrayer 
kept a journal while in Cuba and Mexico, which is 
considered valuable as an accurate description of 
the country and people lialf a cenlury ago. In poli- 
tics, he was a Jeffeirsonian Drmocial. and in relig- 
ion, a rresbyteriau, witli which cliurcii lie he- 
came connected in 1S40. In the ilay number (1S4-) 
of tlie W'cxfcni ■hiiirnaJ of Medicine and Snrf/cri/, 
is a description of a surgical operation jjerformed 
by him upon wdunded intestines, which for that 
date \\'as a renuirkable operation. Dr. AIcBrayei' 
died Mai'cli :.':>, 185(J, of consumption, aged lliir- 
ty-l\\(), witii the unniistakaliic jjvomisc of a biigiit 
and useful future before him. 

(! — J. Mortimer, born iSli); died young, .vn/r 

7 — William II.. born ISlM ; died I.;i\\rcuceburg, 
Kenitucky, December (>, ISSS. He manicd ill in 
JS4S, Henrietta Daviess, wliodied 1851, and ( L' I in 
IS.")(i, .\laiy Wallace idanghlcr of i>r. .I.ilin Wal- 
lace), whoslill snrvivcs. His only child. Hen- 
rietta, marii((l ('cdoiicl i»an !.. .Moore, ami died in 
1882, leaving llinc children. .Indge .Mcl'.rayer was 
for some years Judge of ilie .\mleison County 
Court, a nn inber of ibe I\enln<ky Seiiale. and held 
many other oflices of Iriisl and iionor. Hi' was the 
maker of the celebrated "W. II. .Mcl'.rayer Cedar 
Brook" whisky. 

8 — Katherine, boi-n ISl'."; mai'i'ied Pendleton 
(iarvey, of Cincinnali. 

9 — Francis, horn lSi'7 ; married Dr. A\'ill Ded- 
man, a soai of Dr. Dixon < i. I )eidmaii. 

10 — ^lartha .V., born ls:!i'. She never mai-ried, 
and died very young. 

11 — Elizabeth, born 1S:*.4; married .Tolni <'uri-y, 
and died about eleven years ago. 

Mr. Charles M. Dedmau, though not desceud(M^I 
from eiitlieir the Woodses oi" McAfees, is eomnected 
with one family of the Woodses, in that Sarah 
Everett Dedman, who was his father's sister, be- 
came the wife of .lames I Iarvey- Woods. He is 
therefore iiileresled, more especially, in the ac- 
counts of the Dedmaus and Gooches, given in this 

Mr. Dedmau has long been a deacon of the First 
Presbyterian Chui'ch of Harrodsbiirg, ar.d lie ranks 
among the most honored citizens of his community. 





SKETCHES 7, >^, 9, lo. n, 12 AND 13 ARE COMBINED IN ONE. 

II scciiis 10 l)c nil ciisy lliinii- fm- mnny persons in 
tllis (l;iy ;iii(l i^cnrrnl ion. ;iinI Ii;is iKcninc (juite the 
ni.slnoii. III cniisiiiKT fill- I1icii:s('1a-('s a Imii;' line of 
(Icsccnl I'lnni ail anccsidi- wlm ■•came ovi-v with 
William llic ( 'miiiucriu-."' Such ]i(M-s()ns invariably 
hc^in "llicir line" iIkic; Inn im allemjil in that 
(jii-ecliiin will be made l>y llie wriler. II is ]ii'iil>- 

alily I rue ilia I, af llie I ii I' I lie lial 1 le ttf Ilastiniis, 

llie ancesldi-s uf all iliC Uiiclianaiis in iliis countiy 
were existing snmew liei-e ill llie 1 liglilaiids of Soot- 

It is also, (IduliTless, inie iliat llie Uiichanan 
name originated in Scniland — llie tiist bearing the 
name being one Auselan O'Kane, who went tii Scot- 
land from Ireland, and took the estate and name 
'Bnchanan ; and there is ^verv reason to believe that 
all llie IJiicliaiians in lliis coimliy are uf Scotch 
aiiccsti'V, iiKire or less leniule. The name is one of 
llie (ildesl ill Scniland. and lias lieeii lioiiie by many 
distingiiisheil nu-n there, and is litiind all over the 
L'nil(Ml Kingdoui. The principal street in Glasgow 
is JJkcIkiikiii Sli'rI. (In Scntland the name is jjro- 
iiounced as if sjjelled "Bieu-can(m," w iih accent on 
SeCdlHJ syllable.) 

ill a llislnri/ III l!i< Ainiiiil Siiriidiiti of Hiicli- 
iniini. irrilh II hi/ mii- W illidiii Hiicliii iiii 11 . 0/ Aiivli- 
iiKir. jiiliili il jur II J>iirliii nil II llrr iihurr the 
('ri).ss Ml >('('. Ai'lll (iliisijnir . picked U]i by tile 
writer in a liook-stall in Edinburgh, it is related: 
"The name originated in Scolland, ami was first 
borjie by one Anselan O'Kyan, or O'Kane, who left 
Ii-eland in Kllb, and IwcHlli year of King Malcolm 
11, his reign."" The account further says : "He was 
a nobleman, and lived upon the northern coast of 
Argyleshire, near the Ixninox." The Buchanan 

Crest and ('((at-of-.Vrmsisalso pictured in this book. 
Tli'e bdok says: "Tlie Arms assigned by the King 
tt)> Anselan, (in accuiiut uf jiis heroick atchieve- 
nienlsare: Or, a Linn I{am]iant Sable Armed and 
Langu'd Gules, with a double Treffune, flowered 
and connterfiowered with Flower-deduces of the 
L'd ; ("rest: A hand conjiee lioldiug np a Ducal (!^ap 
|(ir Duke's ("oronct yiroperi, with Iwn Laurel 
'oranidics wreatlKd surrounding llie ("rest, dis- 
posed Oileways |irn]iei-. Supported liy two Falcons 
garnished Oi-; Ancient .Mnttn abuxc the Crest 
■ALDACES .ir\'0.""" The claim is alsu made by 
siiiiie llial (ieiirge i '.uclia uau, llie disi ingnislied 
Scdtlish Latin jioet, scholar, soldier, and author, of 
llie fifteentli century, was of tiie same family. He 
was a Scdtcli I'Vewbylei iaii riniii the Iliglilands 
and wi-dle a niimbci- nl' wurks againsl Hie Ahuiks 
and l"i'iars; Iranslaleii The I'salnis iiihi Latin 
N'erse, and alsu wrdie a W(irk entitled "De jnre 
liegni Apud Scotds,"" incubating the doctrine that 
governments exist tdi- the sake of the governed, 
vi(dent]y assailing ilii- Scdttisli fdrm of govern- 
ment, which wink was gathered up and burned by 
(irder of llie Scdich I'arliaiiieiil. The widter has 
met men (if the name in many States df tlie Fnion, 
and (dsewhere, and has mark'.'d that thej' all have 
certain chai-aclerisl ics in cdmniou. They are 
either Scdhli or df Scditish (irigin; lliey are all, 
with i-ai-e exceplidiis, I'resbyteriau.s, at least by 
birlh if nol in cliurch al'liliation ; and all have a 
Scdich siubbdinness df character and tenacity of 
(ijiinidn; many have attained distinction in the 
various callings and professions of life. Commo- 
dore Fnnil.-J'iii /{iicJiiiiiini was in command of the 
"Merrimac"" during the Confederate war, the con- 

SKETCH lOS OF J»ATlIONt?l. 23') 

slriidion :iii(l ciivccr of wiiicli i-(>voliil ionized the ria^e is cxianl. ]i is rpcordcd llial wiicii tlie Mc- 

iiavics of tile \\oi-|<l. One of llic kinsiiirii, rrcsidciil Afi'cs I)i'ou,iilil ( licir families fi-oiii \'iri;iiiia to Keii- 

Hiichaiiaii, rcaclird ilir ].imiaclc of iiolilical id-dVi- hirky, alioiil I 77'.l,< l<'oi-t;v r.iichaiiaii and liis family 

Ill in (liis roiinlry. Tlicrc arc si reels, low ns and raine willi lliem, and sellled iicai- ilieiii in Merrer 

connl ies, nionnlain |ieaks, and si reams, in sevei-al < "oindy. I !.• had a lirollier who came w il h I he Mc- 
States of the Union^ liearin^; llie name HihIkiikiii : Afees and Itiichanan families as fai- as ( "umlierJam! 
nil of Avliicli is (>vidence Ihat some one hearinji tiie Oil]), and Iheii veered off scuilli-wesi w ardly and sei- 
iiame lefl liis iin|>i-ess upon tlu' coninnuuty in wliieli tied in 'reiinessee, near \ash\ille. 
he lived. The wi'iler wonid nol furee kinship willi (ieovi;'e Uuchanan. the |ii(Mieei', ;ind his w ife .Mar- 
all Ihe r.nchaiLans in lids connl ry, iml expresses his .ii'aret McAfee, ;is we learn from an ol<l i-ccurd, ha<l 
opini(tn, after many y(ars" study of llic snltjerl, llial (de\'en children, as follnws: .V— .I.\ \i i:s. who dieil 
all ai-e more oi' less related. To adhere to aulheni ic in .Mercei- ('oiiniy. Kenliuky, in IS:!S; 1! — Wii,- 
histoiy, the writer must liegiu the account of the i.i.\.\i, who died in .Mercer County, Kentucky, in 
family of Geort^e Buchanan (the pioneer) with one LSoO; C — loii.x, who moved id Taylor Coiuily, Keie 
•lames Buchanan, who, duriuL;- the first half of the tucky; I) — Alex.vxiuok, wliodicd in .Mercer Cotiii I y, 
eiiildeenth cenlitry, came with his family and his Kentucky, in isoii; 10 — (i!;oii(ii;, Jr.; 1'' — .M.vkv, 
brothers and theii- families, from Armai;h ('(uinty, *> — Taxi:; 11 — .Mute. \i;i;i'. who moved lo Indiana; 
Ireland, and settled in liancaster < 'ounty, Peunsyl- -T — Nancy; K — Axxii:; and L — Dokcas. It is a 
vania. One old record says "they called themselves mattered' i-euret to the wfiiei- thai he was nnahle 
'.McKane," on accouni of religions j)ersecution, lini 'o obtain much infoi-malion in rei;ard to most of 
after landing in this country, they resumed the hon- ' '"' childreti. 

orable name of Buchanan." This use of the sur- George Unehanan settled permanently in Mer- 

uame "McKane"' seems to be a connecting link be- '■<-'!" County, Kentucky, died, and was bnried there 

t ween those ])eo|ile and Ans(dan (>"Kayan, jirevion-;- iu ISIO. The wfilei' has conversed with those who 

ly mentioned; but the writer assumes nothing — knew him jiersonally. liis i-epnlalion was that of 

merely throwing out the conjecture. an nniu-etenl ions fanner, who "minded his own 

The writer endeavored to actxuire information affairs'' and endeavored to live uprightl,\. Lie was 

concerning the family beyond the period named, an elder iu New Brovidence Church, a brief notice 

hut without success. *d' which is given in this bdok. 

(ieorge Buchanan, the pioneer, s(hi of James No history id' an individual family, or nal i(m, is 

Buchanan, was born in Armagh County, Ireland, of value unless accurate. The writer kept (hat 

in 1745; was one of eight chiblieu who came with ^vni\\ iu mind when i»reparing the following ac- 

their parents to this country (to i>ancaster County, <-ount of the ilnchanans, who are descendants of 

J'ennsylvanial. It is, doubtless, true that the Buch- <'eorge Buchanan and .Margaret McAfee, his wife, 

anans came to Pennsylvania with the McAfees, the pioneers to Kentucky, lie is aware that there 

thence both families removing to N'irginia about are several families of Itnchanaus in Kenlinkyand 

tile same lime, and that they had previously inter- elsewhei-e, who proiiei-ly belong in this book, but he 

married with the McAfees before leaving Ireland. ''^s uot had the leisure to devote lo the gatheiing 

The beginning of accurate information concerning <'f such informaticm as woidd enable him to desio- 

George Buchanan is that he married Margaret Mc- 'la^e them all. In a large measure In- has had to 

Afee, daughter of James McAfee, kSr., and sister of i'<'l.v upon correspondence for informal ion, a weari- 

James McAfee, Jr., the pioneer (one of the central some task, and (dtentimes most unsatisfactory, 

figures in this book), and that he lived in Botetourt Many of his letters were never answered, and many 

County, Virginia. No written record of his mar- answers received were know n to be inaccurate. The 



luagnitiido of the uudertaJciiig to j;iitlier togetiu'T in ]) — ALEXANDER ItmiANAN. fourtli child 

book form, all, or even any fonsid("ral>le number of of George Uuelianan and Maviiurct :\IcAfee, was 

the desceu'daaits of George JJuclianian, the pioneer, born in Botetourt (Vmntv. Mrginia, in 1T()!I; 

will he appreciated when the following circnia- caiiic wiih liis fallici- to Kcniuckv, and married his 

stances are considered: cousin, Nancv .McAfci', (hnigiiter «t James McAfee, 

He came to Kentucky ab<mt (he year 17S0, with Jr. He never removed frdm .Mercer Cnunty, and 

a family of ten cliildren (four sons and six daugh- died tliei'e in ISOC). Ills grave is i)laiuly marked, 

ters). Kentucky at that time was a wilderness l)y head and foot-stonts, in the family bii in New 

still suhject to the depredations of Indians, settle- I'rovidence liurying-gmiuid, near .McAfee Station. 

ments were numy miles ajiarl, no jiublie roads laid His Avife is Imi led by liis side. Alexander and 

out, willi nil mail facilil ies, and wilii no communi- Xanry had six ebildren: (I) MAEY ; (II) 

cation with the outsi«le worbl, Ihes.- comlitions JAME8 MILTON; (III) WIldJA:M ; (1\) 

existing for many years and until lliat part of Ken- ALEXANDER, JK. ; (V) CAIVEB ; (VI) 

lueky became more thickly iteopled. George Buch- GEOR(!E (TTTIRO). 
anaifs children in the meantime having grown up 

and tnost of them removed from the original settle- I-MARY (BLCHANAN) DUNN, 

nient in Mercer County, Kentucky, while the fam- MARY (familiarly called ••roily" i, tirsi chil.l of 

ily of George I'.n.hanan embraced his wife and ten Alexander Buchanan and Nancy McAfee, was born 

cliildren. whom he brougiit to Kentucky, it appears ;„ _m,.,.,.,.,. (',,„„tv in ITIKS. Her whol,. life was 

that bni I \vn i<\' his children (.VIexander and Wil- 
liam liuchanau) remained ])ermanently in Mercer 
County, and there raised families — his other chil- 
dren as they grew lo age lia\ ing moved to other 
ciinnties in Kinlucky and a pail <if Iheni to ollur 

s])ent in that cuunly. She married Peter 11. Ihinn, 
a nati\(' of .Marylaml, who tonk u]i his residence in 
Mercer ('(innly. Kenlucky, when a young man. 
Peter R. Dunn and wife are buried in NeA\' Provi- 
dence ISurying-ground. Tliey Imd eight children, 

States, and it has Iteen imp(>ssihle to trace them {^,n|j, nj- ^^ | 

mm (lied in inlaiicv. 

farther tlia.n the details here follow im. 

I a I SrsAX. I heir lirst child, niairieil I »r. .Inhii W 

C-JOJIX BUCHANAN, third child of George p,,^^.,,,,^ ^, „^„i^. ^^arren County,, who 

Buchanan and Margaret .McAIVe married and went 
to Taylor County, Kenlucky, where some of his 
descendants now live. 

Ill WILLIAM BUCHANAN, sou of John 
Buchanan, marrieil Susan .Millei-, of Adair 
(-\)iiuty; they had hve children. 

(IIj WOOD H. BUCHANAN, who married 
Alethia Sublett, of Taylor County; they had no 

(III) ISAAC C. BUCHANAN, who married 
Lila Harris, of Marion County, Kentucky; they 
lived in Baltimore. 

(IV) NORA, who married J. \\ . Davis, and re- 
moved to Kansas. 

w;is reared in Mercer ( 'oiiiity. Ilr. I'owell and wife 
had but one cliibl who sni\ived infancy — William 
Dunn I'owell, who was born in 1S.")9. He is a 
[ihysician in good practice in llarrodsburg. Ken- 
lucky. He is unmarried. Susan I >iiiin I'owell died 
in 1864. Her husband nuirricd a second time, and 
now li\'es iKar .McAfee I'ost-oftice, .Mercer Gouut^', 

(b) CiKoitOK DuNX^ second child of I'eter R. 
Dunn, was born in 1S3(). He is a farmer in Mei'cer 
Gounty, Kentucky. He married .Alary Robh, 
danghler of W. X. Kobb, of Uranklin ('otinty, Ken- 
tucky. They lia\(' live children, all unmarried: 

(V) LIZZIE, who is unmarried and lives with -^^'^iT, Margaret, George, John and Sue. 

her father in Taylor County, Kentucky. (c) N.i^CY, third child of Peter II. Dunn, mar- 

(VI) LEE, who married and lives in Tampa, lied John W. Davis, of Mercer (^'ounty. They had 
Florida. two children : Mary Alum, who married Phil T. 


Alliii, of ITarrodsbui'g-, and William A\'., who mar- County, Kentucky, clerk's dt'ficc, made in 1834, by 

I'ied Nannie McAfee, of Mercer County. Nancy him, wherein lie ficcd his slaves. When it is re- 

(Duun) Davis died in 1846. Her husband married mendiered Mliat it meant, socially and olherwise, to 

acaiu and now lives in Texas. be an abolitionist in a slave State at that lime, tlie 

(dl .Tdiix I>rxx was born in 1S.">0. In 1861 he grandeui' of this acl of manumission ran ln' ajijire- 

mai'ri((l .Mary, dauiihter of Edi;ar and Eveline Rob- ciated. The ]ii-eand(le in the deed referred to re- 

inson, of fiercer County. Their iidy child who cites: 

lived to adult aee was Powell K. Dunn, who was ''Whereas, T, James M. Buchanan, believing' that 

Ikuii in lS(i4. He is nnnmrried and lives in Har- hunum slavery is o])]>osed to the law of love to (uir 

vodsbursi', Kentucky. John Dunn died in March, neiiilibor, enjoined by <'iod u])on every man, and 

ISSi). His widirw married C. D. Kyle, and now opposed to the sreat fundamental truths that all 

lives at Pottstown, Pennsylvainia. men are created free and ei|ual and aic entitleil to 

life, libertv, and the pnrsuil of happiness, and being 

II— JAMES :\[. BUCHANAN. ., . ■^. .,/!•,■,,, , 

desirous of doing, as a man, that winch will be most 

JA:^rES :\riLTON PT^CIE\NAN, second chil 1 of lienefici'a-1 to my f(>llow-creatures, ami, as a citizen, 

Alexander Buchanan, was born in fiercer County, that which will most l( iid lo perpetuate the bless- 

Kentiicky, November 27, 1709. His father, dying ings flowing from our hajtjty Covernment, do here- 

when he was but eight years old, James was reared by emancipate, set free, and forever discharge from 

by his grandfathers, George Buchanan, and James the bonds of slavery the following named persons:" 

McAfee. His early lift^ ^\as sjienl on a farm, and etc. 

he received such an education as the schools of the In this matter he ^vas a generation ahead of his 

neighborhood could bestow, and afterwards ac- day. as he was in most things. The writer, his son, 

(piired a classical education through his own exer- has heard him say: "1 became convinced that hn- 

t ions, aided by private tutorage. He, in connection man slaveiw was wrong, and determined to wash 

with (Uie or two others, opened a high sciiool in my hands cd" the winde liusiness." While he did not 

Danville, Kentucky, in 1820. This school was try to force others to thiid; as he thought, nor do as 

inerged into Center College, Kemtucky, in which he he did, he knew that his views and action on the 

became professor of mathematics in 1828. He con- question of slavery would I'embu' him unpopular, 

tinued at Centei' College until 183.'). He was a and he, therefore, resolved ti> remove to a "Free 

man of marked individuality of character, strong in State." To resolve, with him, was to act. He re- 

his likes and dislikes, witii a ti.Ked jmrpose in mind sigm-d his chair in Centre College, and reim>ved to 

always to live uprightly and s«piare his dealing ('arlinville. Illinois. A sojourn of about two years 

with his fellow-men by the golden rule. When any in that community proved to him that the social 

matter was preseutetl for his consideration and ac- atmosphere of a free Slate was not agreeable to a 

tion, the only thought with him was what was his miHi who had b<'en born and reared in a slave State, 

duly; solving this to his satisfaction, no (piestion of "•>"'! "':'< ""■ '''''J' ;""' aggressive methods of free- 

p(dicy or fear of conseipienccs could change his State abolitionists concei-ning the "man and br..lli- 

course of action. He paid little at tention to what ''i'"' «('re not such as he conid adoj.t. and h.- re- 

olhers thought on a (|uestion of right or wrong, but, turned to Kentucky witi: his family, and located in 

as he used to say, he "did his own thinking and the town of Hopkinsville, where he opened a school. 

acted in accordance with his own views, and let tlie After a few years in Hopkinsville, he removed to 

conseipiences take care of themselves." No better Sludbyville, where he resided until within a short 

exanii>le of this trait in his character can be cited time of his death. In jierson, he was six fei't two 

than a rerereiice to a ^\^^^■^\ (d' record, in the .Mercer inches in height. Standing or walking, he was 


ci-cct. Ill' \\;is;i iikkIcsI iiijiii. and while more ac- (Mrs. Saiiiiic! TcNisi, lOi.izAiiirni (Mrs. Thomas 

foiiiplislicd (lian most (^^ his associalcs, he never A\'ils(iri), ami A>i i:i;I(A (.Mrs. .lames .M. Buchan- 

assiimeil Id kiKiw more lliaii olliers, and never am. .\merira ( ireal house, wife of .lames .M. 

Ihriisl liis opinion n|)on anyone lie possv^seij ISuchanan. was educated at Scienee llill, the fa- 

nian.v pemliaril ies. and was considered an eccen- mous school of .Mrs. Koiierl Tevis, ai Shelhj'ville, 

trie by many who did noi know liim thoronsi'hlT Kentiudcy. At an early aii'e she liecame a member 

and undersland him; lie fnlly underslood fliis. and of tlie rinircli, and A\'as a conslant allendani npon 

hin.n'hed at it. He liad a tlioi'oni;]i knowh^di^e of i'(diiiioiis services dnrini; lier lonn and nsefnl life. 

himself, ami went tlironiiii life reniaininij,-, as he ex- With ij-enth' and affectionate disposition, sl\e was 

pressed il, "on lidod terms willi liimself," lettinc: (hwotec) to Iier family; patient and endnrinji' nnder 

the world consti'ue, judji-e. or misjndiie as they all condiiions, she was ihe trusted physician and 

chose, lie nuiintained his jiliysical \ii;or np to ministci'in!^ an;u( 1 of the jiousejioid in time of sick- 

within a shoi-t tim*^ of his deatli. on .Tannary 17, ness or discomfort, .\s a neii;iili(M-. she was Ixdoxcd 

iST.'i, in his se\cuty-si.\th year. Me died al the hv all. e\-er seekini;' lo reliexc want, distress, and 

residence of his son-in law , Prof. 1!. l'\ l>nncan, in snfferini;'. lilesscMJ v.ith a xi^orous constitution, 

Eminence, Kentucky, and is lmri(il at that place in she spent the latter years of Ikm- life visiting- the 

tlie city cemetery. For nearly sixty years he was a families of hei- children scatterel over the Southern 

nuanber (d' the Preshyteria n ('liurdi, was scrnjin- States, a faithful ".Moiherin Isiael." She died on 

lously e.\acl in his dealing's witli his lellow -mi n.and .Inly IT, IS'.CJ, in the eighty-fmn tli year of her age, 

heartily des|iised anything like dM]dicit_\ or deceit. at the honu' of her son-in-law. Dr. Win. C. Warren 

In lS2!t he married America (ireathouse, a dangli- at Walerford, .Mississippi, ami is Ian icd in the fani- 

ter of Isaac (ireathouse, of Slndhy Cmmty, Ken- ily lot of her s'on, (Jeoirge .M. Itinhanan, in the city 

tucky. Isaiac (ireathouse was (Uie of the pioneers of ccinetery at Hoilly Spaings, Alisisissippi. 

Kenituclcy. Tlui recnrds in the County Clerk's office Charles Howard Cneait house, son of John 

in Shelliy County, Ken'tueky, sili'O'w that he bought Stall (Ireathouse and Catherine K. AA'aring, 

land in I hat county in ITlKi. Isaac ( ireathouse lixcd ami grandson nf Isaac ( Ireal house, \\as born Oc- 

niany years in Shelby Ccuinly, and died (here in tid.ier 1."!, IS.'i", near Morgantii Id, Kentuckv, gradu- 

1K\S, and, with his wife, who was Elizabeth Kigby, ate of High Scl Is. (ireeuvillc. 111.. 1ST4, and Ann 

is buri( d in whal is known as the "Old Trcsby- Arbor, .Mich.. I STCi ; rnixcrsity of .Miciiigau, B. A., 

terian Churchyaid," now abandonid as a burial- 1S7!I, and .M. .\. on e.\;iiuinal ion, I.SSO; 1880-1882 

ground. Principal of Schools, l>an\ille, .Michigan ; Baibour- 

America (ireaihouse ISuchanan, the wife of xille, Kentucky; and Kiclnnond, .Missouri; 1882- 

•lanies .M. Itnchanau, was born near Shelby\ille, 1S!)7, an ediloi, reporter and ciu-respondent on staif 

Kentucky, .Inly 11, ISd'.l, her ancestral history dat- <d' L<iiii.^riUt Cnniui) ninl . four yeairs; ■ Loui.sriJlc^ 

ing back only to the settlement of the family in ('(niricr-./diiriKil. seven yeairs ; W'ushiiK/loii T'line^, 

Maryland, in the seventeenth cetitiiry. I h i- father, three years; also during this jveriod correspcmdent 

Isaac (ireathimsc, held high i-ank in the military Un- \iir YdiI: \\ Orhl . Xrir TurJ: Trihuiic. Si. Louis 

and civil sei'vice (d' the Slate after he located in r<)-sl.nisi,ii/,li . Cliir(i<i<, Xiirs. and agent for the 

Kentuckv in IT'.lCi, where he raised a large family .Associated Press at Louisville. .\lso o-wner and 

who wctc educalid with great paitistaking, and pitblisher, 1SS!»-1S!I:; ,if lh,iii< dud Si-lionI Hdiicd- 

iiearly all of whom becatiie lu-omimait in the local HhikiI Wichh/, kimisville, Ky. ; 1S'.»7 an assist- 

affaiis of till ir sitrr idings.and to tiretii wi-ielioni ant editor. |)i\ision of Publications, United States 

eight sous .and daughters: \\tt,i,t.\.\t . STtLi,. Is.\.\c. l>e|iat iii of .\gri(Milt tiri-. Washington, D. P.. 

Iiii>GELi:v. X.\.\(V I .Mrs. Clarke .Mc.Vf.vj, S.vlly, I'nblicat ions : liisLorical Skeldi of Department of 



Agriculture; Develoiuiient of Agricultural Li- 
braries; Free Delivery of ISural Mails; Index to 
Yearbooks, 1S'J4-1!)00. 

Married 1886 to ^lary Melissa Curtis, Aim Ar- 
bor, Midi., will) is also a gradealc dt Fiiiv) isil\- uT 
Michigau. II A., 1882, M. A., 18S8. Cliildivii: 
Kutli Cui'tis ( 1 reaitliouse, sdxtieeu; Lucicii Helm 
Cii'eait'house, t\\elve; IJayiiKnid Kidgley ( ireatlmnse, 

AA'liile uiy residetucc! (douiicile) is ^>'asliiiiginn. I). 
C, iiiy legal resiideuvc aiud citiizeuisihii]) Iras b'eeu a't 
Uniontowu, Keiilucky. «iici-c I still own lli(i farm 
on wliicli I was hnniglil ii|) and spcrilir;ill \- rdain 
a residence in lease \n tenant. 

The children of James Milton Biiehanan and 
Anwrica; Greia(tlvouse were tire fcdlowing: la ) >\'ii,- 
UAM, boru January 11, ]s:n, and died .luiie i:'>. 

sonii. Ilissoii (Icorgc was boi-n in July, ISCiL'. He 
inai'i'ied Nancy Uoggcss in ISS."). Tlicy iia\i- fniir 
cliildrcii: Frank, Susie, Itiitler ami Xi-il. 

A\'illiam Huchanan, secduil sdii, was liorn in 
ISIiS. I Ic is ;i fiiniiri-. 1 1 is im )l licr iiial<rs h is licnisc 
licr liiinii'. In IS'.IO lir marrii'd laiia .Ininisnn. 
daughter i>( James 10. and .Mice ( Frazier i John- 
son, of Jaeksdii (\)niit\, .Missouii. lie has two 
children: liutli and Harry. 


James Itinlianan, lliii-d child dl' James M. Itiicli- 
anan, was born in l>aii\ilb', KenliicJcy, .\|)iil :30, 
1S;>4. His edneiilidii was such as tillcil liini for 
business pnisnils, and al I lie age nf abeiit eigjiteen 
Acai's he came to Lduisxille, where lie a( once 

arge mercan- 
tile hduse. Three years afler, al llie age df Iweuty- 
<Mie, he was admil1e(l Id a |)arl iiei-s]ii|i, and cdii- 
tinued in the same business for len years. His 
tirm, along with many others, \> as lirdl<en up liy 
tlie Civil '^^'al•, and he weiil fi-diii Ldciis\ille in 

1815; (b) Alexaxdku H., born May 31, f832, and secured eiii|pldymeiil as a ciiik in a I 
died July 28, 1876; (c) Jamks. bdin Ain-il 30, 
1831; (d) Queen, Ixnai January 21, ^x:U'>, and died 
June 13, 1838; |e) (iiioiaiE McAfee, born ;\rarch 
19, 1838; tf) Mauy Yodeu, born February 27, 1846; 
(g) Nancy McAfee, born February 7, 1842; (ii) 
Sakah E., boru Octolier 29, 1843; I j ) John V\'., Chicago, and in a short time fiu'med a pai'tnershij; 
boru Juue 4, 1845, and died September 7, 1901; there, and tiie fiiiii did a large grain and [irdvision 
(k) Anna Mauia, born August 9, 1847; and (1) business ami were niemiiers df Hie Cliicago Board 
Thomas. Ikhh Ajiril 23, 1849; and <lied January nf Trade for several years. Subsequeutly he re- 
22, 1853. turned to liouisville, and, in 1871, engaged in the 
(b) Dr. Alexander H. Buchanan. real estate business, which he has pursued until 
Dr. Alexander II. Buchanan, sec(uid child of iju' ]iresent time. 1904. 
James M. Buchanan, was boru May 31, 1832, in In .laniiary, 1860, he married IJebecca Graham 
Danville, Kentucky, and died at Hardin, Missouri, Smitli, daugliter of Tiidnias I', ami Cdinelia (Sim- 
July 28, 1876. He received a good education at the rail ) Sniitli, of Lonis\ ilie. i Tliomas 1'. Smirii was 
hands of his father, studied medicine while clerk- Commissionei- and l>e]nily Commissidner of ihe 

iug iu a drug-store, and graduated in that profes- 
sion from McDowell Medical College, St. Louis, 
^Missouri, lie removed to Jvichnidud, Missouri, and 
entered upon practice with Dr. Ceorge AV. Buchan- 
an, Ills consiu. In May, 1861, lie niariied Laura 
Hughes, a daughter of Dr. ISerry Hughes and Susan 
(Canipbe]]) Hughes, of Hay County, .Missouri. Dr. 
Buchanan continiieil to jiractice with marked suc- 
cess until his deatJi in 1S76. His widow and two 
sons iidw residi' near llardin, \l;\y ('ouiih', Mis- 

Louisville Chancery ("onri I'lom 1835 unlil his 
death in 1896 — a |ieiioil (d siMy-one years). 

Janii's Itiicliaiian and wife are bdtji acti\'e mem- 
bers of the Second Presbyterian ( 'liiircJi. They have 
had four children : Cdrnelia Smilh. born and died 
in XoNcmber, IStil ; Fannie Smilh, born I'ebruary, 
1870, died Xoxcmlier. IS75; Tliom;is S. I'liiciianan. 
the eldest son, liorii .May 2(1. ISCi', and died .May !•, 
1903; and .lames S. I!iiclianaii. boni Sepiember 14, 
IStil, wild is llie diih siir\i\ iiiL; diic dl' llic children. 



SKETCH II. <''ii'l \vii> s('\'<'i'('ly wdiindcd in a sliarji enp;agement 

TlioiiiasS. I'.iicliauaii. son of .lames and Ifchccca, al rollici'villc, Tcmicsscc, in one of (Jcncral For- 
was cdncatcd in tlic Louisville public schools, and rcsCs famous cavalr.v laids. Near llie close of the 
was admitted to liie I'.ai' of the l.onisville Courts, wai- he married N'icioiia Nunually, daniiliter of 
anil practised his profession for some years. He -Tames P.. Xunnally. a planter of .Marshall ("ounty, 
afterwards Joined his father in ihereal estate Mississippi. Five childicn were iiorn of the \mion ; 
business, and remained in that liusim-ss until his tlieir luimes were Afary Colenmn. Charles Nun- 

nally, Susan Dean, Nannie AN'aiicn, and Fanny 
Dean ; all of T\iioni died in infancy or («arly child- 
li'f)od. Tlis wife died in Htdly S)irini;s, .Mississippi, 
in 18s."). In Deceniber, 188(1. he married his scenuid 
wife, Susie F. Detan, danj^htei- of .rosejdi Iv and 
Fannie (Nunn;illy) T>eaTi, of Holly S]irini;s. They 
have two children: Ceoroe ^IcAfee, liorn Aufjnst 
1*S, 18S8; and "N'icloria Xnnnally. born Febi-uary 
■2\, IS! 10. 

At the close of the war Oeorfie ]M. liuchanan set- 
tled in .Marshall County, Mississip])!, and engaged 
in coilon raising. He has lived there cont inu<iusly 
since. He was for eight years sheriff of his county, 
and in the past thii'ty years has held many posi- 
tions of trust, both private^ and puldic. He served 
one term as Fnited States Internal Reve- 
nue Collector foi- the Xorthern District of 
Mi.s!sis(sii)pi. He is a, member of ihc Pres- 
byterian Church, and active in business gen- 
erally, was for four years Fnited State.-; Marshal 


lie married Ida Shallcross, daughter of Stepiien 
II. ami .Marcia (.Minims) Shalli-ross, of Louisville, 
who is still living. They had no chiklreii. 


.Tauu'S S. Puchanaii, second son of .Tames and 
Rebecca liuchauau, was born in Se](lendier, ISbl. 
lie likewise was educated in the Louisville i)ublic 

scl Is, ami has Ih'cu engaged in the real estate 

business in Louisville for eighteen y<'ai-s, both on 
his own accotmt. and as partner of his father, and 
his uncle, John \\\ Huchanan. lie married in 
Novendier, 11)(»:!. lOlizabeth Cautield, daughter of 
W. (^ Canti(dd, and granddaughter of the Rev. 
Isaac \\'. Cautield. 

James S. Buchanan is a member of the Second 
I'resljylerian Church in Louisville, Kenlncky. 


George McAfee Buchanan, fifth child of James (ov the Northern District of ^Iississip])i, under ap- 

^r. Buchanan, was born .March 1!), 1S;>8. He re- pointment of Presi(h'nt ^IcKinley (ISil!)), and is 

ceiv(<l a good education at the hands of his father, now ijresident of "The Peojjle's Bank," Holly 

His advent into the business world was as a clerk S[ii-ings, .Mississippi. 

in a st(U'e in Louisville, Kentucky. In IST)! he re- Susie V. Dean, wife of (leorge M. Buchanan, was 

moved to N'ersailles, ^Hssouri, and subse(piently to Ixun in Marshall County, .\Hssissippi, on December 

Sedalia, where he secured ein]iloyment as a clerk, '-i, ISoS, and completed her education at Higbee 

When the Civil War began he enlisted as a private. High School, Memphis, Tenn. Her father, Joseph 

aficiwards liecomiiiL; a lienlenant, in the Second E. Dean, came with his parents to .Marshall Couu- 

.Missoiiri Cavalry, Confederate States .Vrmy. Ho ty, [Mississippi, in ISo."). Her father served during 

[iartici|)ated in the se\'eral battles fought in Mis- the ('i\il 'War as a < 'onfederate soldier, and was 

soiiri and in the battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas, sevendy wounded. 1 1 is business has always been 

.After the Battle of I'ea Kidge, his regiment was that of a cotton jilanler. Susie F. Dean's mother was 

transferred to Bragg's .\rmy, at Corinth, .Missis- Fanny V. Nunnally, the daughter of James B. Nun- 

si]ipi, and afterwards assigned to Forrest's com- nally and Dorothy Couch, who came from Virginia 

maud. He remained with that organization until to Tennessee, and from there removed to ^farshall 

(he war emled, sui lendi ring in the s])ring of 1865, County, .Mississippi. James B. Nunnally's father 



[See Sketch No. 7. J 



[See Sketch No. 7.] 



[See Sketch No. 12. | 



I See Sketch No. 10.] 

^^i(f7z^.^/i^ /^2y^^<^yi^ 

I^^Z-:^ iiZ^^U 

t,/H4^ tJf 6^ c-t,^,'^^-*'-^*'*-^*-*^ 

[See Sketch No. 8.] 

[See Sketch No. 8.] 

FAMILY OF Gil)!.-!,!: ,\\. BLUIHANAN. 


I See Sketch No. 8.] 



was Arthur Nuunally, whose \\-ife wais Radiel 
Couch, a sister of Dauiel Coucli. aud tho ]atter's 
wife was Jaue Thomas, Artliuv Nunuall.v aud 
Daniel Coucli beiuL;- hrothers-iu-law, .Tames I>. 
Nuunally haviutj' marriod his first consin, Dorothy 
Couch, a (laiiiihfcr of Dauiel Couch. The elder 
Nuunally and Couch families -were all horn and 
raised uear Lyuchhurii', Virginia, aud came of 
English family originally. James B. Nuunally, with 
his wife, came to Marshall County, jMississippi, in 
183."), where they raised a large family, aud are 
buried at the old family homestead six miles south- 
west of Holly Springs, where is also buried Eachel 
Couch Nuunally, the mother of James B. Nuunally. 
Joseph E. Dean's father, Josejih Dean, was liorn in 
IMaryland. His father, Samiud Dean, emigrated 
from Wales, and settled in ^Vfarylaud in the early 
part of the seventeenth century; and finm llience 
came to Pickens District, South Carolina, where 
Jose]ih Dean married Elizabeth iCduKUison, they 
removing to Marshall County, Mississippi, in 1835, 
where they raised a large family on their planta- 
tion near Chulahoma. Joseph Dean lived to the 
advanced age of ninety-three years, and died in Die 
j-ear 1871; and his wife died in the year 1874. in 
the eighty-ninth year of her age. Both are buried 
at the old ]ilantation liomestead neai- Chulaliouia, 

(f) Maky Yoder Buchanan. 

^[ary Yoder, sixth child of James j\[. Buchanan, 
was born February 27, 1840. She is a member of 
the Baptist Church. Tu 18r.l she married ^^'ul. 
Oscar Coleman, son of William L. Coleman, of 
Ti'imlile County, Kentucky. They have Iiad seven 

Mary Oscar, tlicir first child, was liorn in 1862. 
She niarried George W. Williams, of Henry 
County, Kentucky. Williams and Avife liave two 
cliildren: Lily May, and Howard. 

Oeorge D. Coleman, second son of W. O. and 
Mary Y. Coleman, was born September, 1S(17. He 
married Alpha K. Peuu, aud resides at l-'raiiklorl, 

Charles C. Colcuiau, liiird cliihl, was Itorii iu No- 
vember, 1808. He nuii'ried Sailie Graham Hamil- 
ton. They have one cliiid (Hamilton). 

W'm. L. Coleman, lourlii child, died al llie age of 

America Grcaliunisc Ccilruiau. fifili cliild, was 

born in 1872. She uiarricd Mr. Snyder, and 

now resides at ^lillou, Kenlucky. 

James Buclianan Coleman, sixth child, was horn 
December, 1874. He is now married, and resides 
near Sulphur, Kentucky. 

Nora Sibley Ccdciuau. seventh child, was boi-n 
July, 1877. In 18!)r> she married E. B. Mcf'ain, 
and died in 1898. 

W. Oscar Coleman espou.scd the Confederafe 
cause, and joined the Fourth Kentucky Cavalry in 
1862. He served honoi'alily unfil the general sui-- 
renifler in 1865. His occnpation is that of a farmer. 
He has served one term as sheriff of his county, and 
two terms as representative of his District in thv 
Kentucky Legislature, and for one tenu was a 
member of the Kentucky State Senate, and now 
holds the position of Superintendent of the Confed- 
etraite Soldiers' Home at Pewee Valley, Keaitucky. 

(g) Nancy McAfee Bttchanan. 

Nancy McAfee Buchanan, seventh child of 
James M. Buchanan, was bom in Shelbyville, Ken- 
tucky, February 7, 1842, and is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. In December, 1868, she mar- 
ried Dr. W. C. Warren, of Marshall County, Mis- 
sissippi, and lives there now. Dr. Warren is a 
native of Green County, Alabama. He was born 
in 1832, and is a cotton planter and practising 
physician. He received a classical education, and 
graduated in medicine at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, at Philadelphia. By steady practice and 
thorough acquaintance with the current literature 
of his profession, he maintains the position of one 
of the leading physicians of this State. Dr. and 
Mrs. Warren have three children. 

James Buchanan, their first child, was horn in 
1870, lives in Memphis, Tenn., and is engaged in 
business there. 



Mary, their second child, was born in 1S73. She tributing to tlie pleasure and comfort of others. In 

married Robert F. .Malone, of Laws Hill, Marshall 
rouutj, Mississippi, in lS!t:j. Tliey have one child, 
\Mlliam Ross, born in 1894. Malonc is a farmer. 

riara, their third child, was born in IST.'). is uu 
married, and lives with her parents. 


Sarah E. Buchanan, eighth cliild "f .Tames M. 
Buchanan, was born October 20. 1S4P.. and is a 
member of tlie Tresbyterian Churcii. In ISfil sbe 
married Professor B. F. Duncan, of Shelby County, 
Kentucky, son of Daniel B. and Eleanor (Cook) 
Duncan. B. F. Duncan is a cultured man. He 
o-raduated at Georgetown (Kentucky) College, and 
subsequent to orjuluatioii, received the degree of A. 
.M. at tbat institution. His pursuits have been 
entirely in literary ways. He taught school for 
several years in Kentucky, and is now Superintend- 
ent of Public Schools at Maryville, JNIissouri. B. 
F. Duncan and wife have four children: 

James Buchanan, born in 1869. He is a lawyer 
in good standing in the town of Carrollton. Ken- 

Blanch Duncan; John McAfee Duncan (born in 
18TG), and Mary Eva Duncan, children of B. F. 
Duncan and wife, are all unmarried and live with 
their parents in Maryville, Missouri. 

Joii.x \y. Bucii.vx.VN, ninth child of James M. 
Buchanan, was born June 4, 184.""), and died at 
Louisville, Kentucky, on the eighth day of Septem- 
ber, 1901. As a boy lie developed great fondness 
for books, and being the youngest son, his father 
gave him special opportunities for the cultivation 
of his tastes in literature, and his leisure moments 
were spent in adding to his knowledge from the 
choice works and standard autboritits in art and 
litei'ature. While l)elow the average in stature, he 
was a man of s]>lendid physique au<l command- 
ing ])resence, and his genial, kindly nature and 
princely bearing served to make him always a wel- 
come visitor. He was never so happy as when con- 

1873 he became associated with his brother James 
Buchanan in the real estate business in Louisville, 
Kentucky, in which business he continued until his 
death. I'^'W men in 11ie city of Louisville bad more 
friends. Fond of mingling with his fellow-men, 
he was a leader in a number of social, charitable 
aiul other organizations. As a member and secre- 
tary of the Kentucky branch of the "Sons of the 
Revolution" he took great pride in the order, and 
in developing the history of his own ancestry and 
that of other pioneer Kentucky families. As a 
^Fason he was a zealous and active member of that 
order. It was only a few days before his death that 
the National .\ssemblage of the "Knights Templar" 
met at Louisville, and from his residence window, 
while propped on his couch, he witnessed their 
grand parade and with an improvised sword ex- 
ehang(Ml salutations with the Knights of his ae- 
(|uaintance, and fully conscious of his condition, 
remarked : "This is the last parade that I will 
ever witness." In 1883 he married Nathalie Clai- 
borne, a daughter of the late Colonel Nathaniel C. 
Clailjorne of the St. Louis bar, and one of its most 
distinguished members. Colonel Claiborne came 
of an illustrious Virginia family, his father having 
served forty years in Congress, and his uncle was 
one of the early Governors of Mississippi. John 
W. Buchanan's widow with three children survive 
him. Their names are Clailiorne, Warren and Mil- 
dred. They reside in Louisville, Ky. 

The untimely death of John W. Buchanan was 
the occasion for great grief and soi'row on the part 
of his kinspeople thi-oughout the land, and espe- 
cially so to the four sisters and two brothers who 
suiTive him. He was cut off, as it were, without 
warning in the prime of life and in the full vigor 
of physical and uuMital maidiood. 

He was suddenly stricken with total paralysis 
and passed away in a very few days. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. 

(k) Anna Buchanan. 
Anna Buchanan, tenth child of James M. Buch- 
anan, was born August 9, 1847, and is a member 


of the Methodist Church. In 1875 she married 
Charles B. Ilardy, sou of Baruett Hardy, a planter 
of Marshall County, Mississippi. Charles B. 
Hardy is a farmer near Victoria, Mississippi. 
They liave three children. 

Charles B., born iu 1876; in 1897 he married 
Miss Alice Houston, and they have three children 
and live at Victoria, Mississippi. 

John Buchanan, born iu 1878, and resides with 
his father. 

J. Warren, born in 1880, and died after a short 
illness on August 1, 1899. 

Oscar, born in 1891, and lives with his father. 

These three boys are bright, manly fellows, and 
live with their parents, who have made a life study 
of the proper training, education, and Christian 
care of their children ; devoted to their church, Mr. 
and Mrs. Hardy spend their time uud means freely 
for the cause of religiou. 


Caleb Buchanan, fifth child of Alexander and 
Nancy ( McAfee j Buchanan, was born in Mercer 
County, Kentucky, in 1801. He was reared in that 
County, and when he attained manhood, removed 
to Madison County. In .January, 1836, he married 
Sallie Wood, daughter of Wiley Wood, of that 
County. Caleb Buchanan and wife both died iu 
Madison County, Kentucky, and are buried there. 
They had three children : 

John B. Buchanan^ their first child, was born 
in Kichmond, Kentucky, September, 1837. He 
joined the Federal Army, in 1861, as Captain of 
Company "D," Sixth Kentucky Cavalry, and served 
during ihe War. In 1867 he married Sarah E. 
Boulware, daughter of AVilliam and Arthusia (,Mc- 
W'illiamsj Boulware, of Madison County. In 1869 
he removed to Missouri, and is now living at 
Carthage in that State. They have five children. 
Their first child, Sue, was born in 1868. In 1889 
she married Wm. Duncan Gregory, a farmer of 
Fort Estill, Madison County, Keutuckj-, where they 
now live. AVm. Gregory and wife have two chil- 
dren, Elizabeth (born in 1889), and James (born in 

1895). Sallie Buchanan, second child of John B. 
Buchanan, was born in Cartilage, Missouri, in 1869. 
She is unmarried, and lives willi her parents. 
Arthur Buchanan, third child of .John B. Buchan- 
an, was born in October, 1871. He lived awhile in 
Ihe Province of Nova Scotia, wlierc he married 
Laura Pemberton, in 1896. He now lives in Buf- 
falo, N. Y. Lucy Buchanan, fuurlli child of John 
B. Buchanan, was born iu September, 1873. ^lary 
E. Buchanan, fifth child, was born in December, 
1875. Lucy and Mary are both unmarried, and 
live with their parents. 

Anderson Wood Buchanan^ second cliild of 
Caleb Buchanan, was born in ^larch, 1812. He was 
never married, aud died in 1871, at Winnsboro, 
South Carolina, and is buried there. 

Mary D. Buchanan^ third child of Caleb Buch- 
auau, was born in June, 1841. She was never 
married. Died in Madison County, Kentucky, in 
March, 1871. 


(IIIj WILLIA.M BUCHANAN, third child of 
Alexander Buchanan and Nancy McAfee, w^as born 
iu Mercer Counly, Kentucky, in -luly, 1805. He 
was reared in that county-. In early maniiood was 
eugaged iu business in Uarrodsburg. He married 
Phoebe Ann McCouu, daughter of James T. and 
Mary (Caldwell) McCoun, also of xMercer County. 
He died in May, 1830. His wife died in Septem- 
ber, 1829. They are buried in New Providence 
Graveyard, Mercer County. Their only child, 
Gkukge \\'illiam Buchanan, was born in Har- 
rodsburg, August, 1828. At the age of six years 
lie was taken, by his maternal grandfather, to Kay 
County, Missouri, and reared on a farm. He re- 
ceived a finished education, grndnaliug at Centre 
College, Kentucky, iu 1852, ami in medicine, at Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1855. He 
at ouce began the practice of his profession at Rich- 
mond, Ray County, Missouri. In 1856 he married 
Emily R., daugiiter of Joseph B. and Mary (Chew) 
Terry, of Lexington, Missouri, formerly of Fred- 
ericksburg, Virginia. When the Civil War Iiegan, 



T)r. Buchanan espoused tlie cause ol' llic ronfed- 
eracy, and served as sui'ii-e<)n in (Seucial Slerliii.u 
Trice's Army, two years — 1SG1-G2. He removed to 
Central City, Colorado, in 1804. ITis wife died 
(here in 18(59. They had tive children, four of 
whom died in infancy. Their surviving child, Wil- 
liam 'IVrry Buchanan, was born in Lexington, 
.Missouri, June, 18(;i. He now lives at Colorado 
City, Colorado. In 18S7 lie mariied Cora Ziuiiiicr- 
man, of Troy, Kansas. They have one child, Ten-.\ 
Buchanan, born Octoher, 1888. In 1871 Dr. 
George W. Buchanan returned from Colorado, and 
resumed his residence at Richmond, Missouri, and 
there died :March 14, ISDO. He was a ruling elder 
ill the Presbyterian Clinicli. In November, 1873, 
he nmrried his second wife, Henrietta Rives Wat- 
kins. Dr. Bucliauan had four children by his sec- 
ond wife : George ^^'atkins, born in 1875, who is a 
farmer, and lives in Ray County, Missouri; Charles 
Allen, born 187G; James :McAfee, born 1880; and 
Henry Rives, born 1883. 

child of Alexander Buchanan, was born in Mercer 
(Jounly, Kentucky, in 1803. Early in life he moved 
to Garrard ('ounty, Kentucky, and about the year 
1852 moved to Indiana, he having quite a large 

SKETCHES 14, 15 AND 16. 




The three individuals wliose sketches are here 
combined were all sons of Joseph .McAfee, who 
was the son of John [McAfee, ^^■]lO was the sou of 
Samuel McAfee, the x»ioneer, -who was a son of 
James McAfee, Sr., Ilie Irish iinniigrant, who died 
in Botetourt County, "N'irginia, in 1785. 

ser\(Ml, he seems to have been a man of more than 
usual scl f-jiossession and cool dclibcralioii, lirave, 
bill always cautious, determined, but without pas- 
sion or rashness. He was the tirsi magistrate in 
.Mej'cer County, and was tilling the oftice of sheriff 
of the county when the State became a part of the 

He was maiiird to Hannah McCormick, of Rock- 
bridge County, N'irginia, some jears before the 
family immigrated to Kentucky. The fruit of this 
marriage was eight children, viz: 

1. JOHN, born Octoher 20, 1775; died April 28, 

•; died January 31, 

II. ANNIE, born 

III. ROBERT, lioru — 



VL WILLIAM, born August 27, 1787; died 
Octoher 29, 1852. 

VII. SAMUEL, born 1792; died October 18, 

VIII. MARY, died July 9, 1833. 

John was twice married and had a family of 
eleven children. 

Annie married Thomas King, and left a family of 

Robert niairied I'riscilla Armstrong, antl reared 
a family of four daughters. 

Jane married Beriah Magoftiu, and had a family 
of nine, among whom Avas the Hon. Beriah Magof- 
fin, Governor of Kentucky in 18(U. 

Hannah maiiied Captain Samuel Daviess, and 
left one son. 

^\'illianl married late in life, and left no heir. 

ilary nianii'd Colonel Thomas 1'. ^[oore, aii<l 
had a family of two daughters. 

Most of the children lived in fiercer Countv un- 

A brief sketch of Samuel McAfee, the pioneer, til after the father's death, which occuri'ed October 

is given in I'art Second of this volume, but a few 
additi(mal particulars will here be presented. 

The history of Samuel ^McAfee, the pioneer, as it 
is preserved in the annals of the family is very 
meagre. From the incidents that have beea pre- 

10, 1825. The wife and mother followed him June 
27, 1833. Their bodies are entombed in ihc nld 
graveyard of Providence Church, of which church 
the}' were both members from its organization until 
their deaths. 



I. JOHN McAFEE, the eldest sou of Samuel Mc- 
Afee aud Hauuah McCoruiick, was born in Bote- 
tourt County, Virginia, October 20, 1775. He was 
four years of age when his parents came as pioneers 
to Kentucky, and grew up amid the hardships and 
perils that attended life in those early days. AVhen 
he reached his majority his father gave him a por- 
tion of the homestead. Upon this he made his home 
and passed a quiet, uneventful life, leaving behind 
him an unsullied record of a true citizen, and 
consistent Christian, aud a family whose careers 
testify to his fidelity to the divine covenant. A 
portion of the original building w liicli lie erected 
is still standing on the farm, now owned by his 
son, James Jackson McAfee, one mile south of the 
village of jMcAfee, on the pike leading to Harrods- 

His first marriage was to Elizabeth McKamey. 
Six children were the crown of this union, viz: 

(a) Samiuel_, born July 12, ISOO ; died December 
20, 1869. 

(b) KOBEKT^ born ; died in infancy. 

(c) Joseph^ born June 3, 180.3; died November 
!), 1876. 

(d) Cynthia^ born March :J, 1805; died . 

(e) John Clakk^ born October 1, 1807; died 
January 4, 1874. 

(f) William, born Octolier 3, 1810; died , 


His second wife was Mrs. Dicy (Caldwell) 
Curr^-, of which marriage there were five children, 
as follows : 

(g) Caldwell^ born January 16, 1817; died 

(h) Mary Ann, boru August 31, 1819; died 
February 2, 1888. 

(j) PiioEP.E Elizabeth, born September 8, 1821; 
died November , 1849. 

(k) James Jackson^ boru February 23, 1824. 

(1) Francis Monroe^ born March 31, 1827; died 
June 15, 1889. 

All the children of the first nuirriiige re- 
mained on the farm until their majority, except 
Samuel, who was apprenticed to a carpenter of 

Georgetown, Kentucky, at fourteen, until he was 
twenty-one. The family circle was not broken by 
any distant removals, until llic fall of 1830; when 
Joseph jiiafi'icd ami i-cmovcd lo North-eastern Mis- 
souri, to n|icii his farm w iiicli lie had entered from 
the govei'iimciit tlic year bcfoi'e. His laml was 
located ten and one iialf miles north of west from 
Palmyra, the county seat of Mai'ion County. The 
country was very new, and (jnly a few settlements 
had been made in the neighborhood, and these of 
vei-y recent date. There was no such thing as a 
grist, or saw mill, and the nearest base of sup])lies 
of any sort was the county seat. 

In 1834 his brothers, John C. and William, fol- 
lowed him, and located their farms about four 
miles west. About the same time his sister Cyn- 
thia, who had married Jack Allen, Esq., of Har- 
rodsburg, came with her husband to the State, but 
settled near Huntsville, Randolph County, where 
they reared their family of six sons and two daugh- 
ters. Samuel followed the others in the fall 
01 1835, and opened his farm on Flint Creek, ad- 
joining John C. on the west 

In August of the same year that Samuel came 
to Missouri, the New Providence Presbyterian 
Church Mas organized. The organization was ef- 
fected in the house of John C. McAfee, and Joseph 
and John C. McAfee, and Joseph Blackwood, were 
the original elders. Subsequently Samuel McAfee 
was made a deacon. The church took its name 
from the I'rovidence Church in Kentucky, of which 
Dr. Thomas Cleland was so long the cherished pas- 
tor, and from which a majoiity of its origiiml mem- 
Iters had come. 

In 184 — this circle of brothers was broken by 
the death of the youngest, William, who left a 
widow and I wo ciiildreu, a son and a daughter. 
These soon after returned lo the old home in Ken- 
tucky. The only survivoi- of this family is Mr. 
Allen McAfee, of Alton, Kentucky. 

There was no iiku'c break in the circle until 1849, 
when Samuel left his farm and removed to La- 
Grange, jMissouri, to engage in the lumber, and sub- 
sequently in the book and stationery business. 



Jolm followed liiin in IS.'.S, and planted a nursery 
near LaGrauge. Joseph remained on his Marion 
Couuty farm until the spring of 1866, when he also 
reim)\ed fn a small I'ai in near TjaOrange. 

11 may safely be said liial no three men in the 
edmmnnity exerted a more powerful influence for 
good than did these three brothers. They were 
universally recognized as men of hduor and in- 
tegrity, as men of settled convictions, with courage 
to maintain them. They did not seek political 
preferment, or covet official positions. Except 
Samuel, who served as INIayor of the City of La- 
Orange, and was, at the time of his death. United 
States Revenue Collector, none of I hem ever held 
a public or civil office. Politically they all ad- 
hered to the Democratic party, were the admirers 
of Hon. Thomas H. Benton, Missouri's illustrious 
Senator, and followed liini in his opposition to the 
extension of slavery, nnlil the campaign of 1860. 
In this campaign they all witlidrew from the Demo- 
cratic party. Joseph supported the Constitutional 
Union candidate, and lioth the others voted for 
Abraham Lincoln. From that time until their 
deaths their aftiliations were with the National Re- 
publican party. 

They were always moie prominent in the affairs 
of the church than of the State. They were recog- 
nized as pillars in the New I'rovidence Church as 
long as they were connected with it, and when one 
after another transferred his membership to the 
LaGrange Church he was almost immediately 
called into the session there. They were all well 
known in their Presbytery and Synod, and each of 
them represented his i'resbytery in one or more 
General Assemblies. Each lived to a good old age 
and departed as a shock of corn fully ripe. 

SamueLj the first child of John McAfee and 
Elizabeth McKamey, was twice married. First on 
December 5, 1822, to Martha Curry, daughter of his 

Their children were ^^'illiam Curry, and two 
daughters \\ ho died in infancy. AA'illiam lived to 
about thirty years of age, and left a widow and 
two children, a son and daughter. Martha Curry 
died July 6, 1830. 

His second wife was Hannah Bohon, to whom he 
was married January 12, 1832. The children of 
this union were: 1. Susan Alary, who married 
Homer Howard A\'inchell and had a family of 
eleven children, li\e of whom are now living. Her 
residence is at Parkville, Missouri, where lier hus- 
band is engaged in the general merchandise busi- 
ness. 2. John \\aller. who died in Texarkana, 
Texas, at the age of thirty-seven and unmarried. 

His death occurred at Palmyra. Missouri, De- 
cembei- 2!l, 186!). His wife survived him abont 
seven years, dying Octolier 24, 1876. 

JosEi'H .McAfee was married October 2('). 1830, 
to Priscilla Ann Armstrong, daughtei- of IMajor 
Thomas Lanty Armstrong and Tiny Dorland, and 
granddaughter of Captain John Armstrong and 
Priscilla AIcDonald. Tiny Dorland was a daughter 
of Garrat Dorland, who was commissioned by the 
Convention of the State of Pennsylvania, August 
27, 1776, as "Second Lieutenant of a Company of 
Foot for York Couuty in the Flying Cami) fcu' the 
Middle States of America." [This commission is 
signed by "B. Franklin, President," and is now the 
property, or is in the possession, of Miss Helen 
Armstrong, Louisville, Kentucky.] She was a 
true help-meet, and lived to share his trials and 
trium^jhs, joys and sorrows for about thirty-five 
years. Her death occurred July 16, 1865. 

The children of Joseph McAfee and his wife 
I'riscilla Ann, were: 

John Armstrong, born December 12, 1S31 ; died 
June 12, 18"J0. 

Rebecca Jane, born February ~>, 1834; died April 
15, 1880. 

Tiny Elizabeth, born April 24, 1836. 

Charlotte Cleland, born July 2, 1838; died No- 
vember 2, 1891. 

Samuel Lanty, born May 13, 1841. 

Margaret Ann Gray, born November 27, 1843; 
died March 27, 1849. 

Mary Helen, l)orn July 2, 1846; died September 
27, 1865. 

Robert William, born October 11, 1848. 

Hannah Catharine, born June 7, 1851. 



John C, fifth cliild ol' Jolin and Elizabeth, was 
also twice married. His first wife was Matilda 
Bohon, whom he married January 4, 1832. 

The children of this marriage were: 

Mai-y Hannah, who died in infancy. 

Cynthia, who married Joseph H. Hargis, of La- 
Grange, Missouri, and had a family of four chil- 
dren, only two of whom are now living. She died 
August 22, 1874. 

Samuel Bohon, who resides at Augusta, Illinois, 
and whose family consists of nine children, six of 
whom are living. 

William, also living at Augusta, Illinois. Four 
of his children are living. 

George Fletcher, now the liev. George F. McAfee 
of New York City, Superintendent of the School 
Work of the Board of Hume Missions of the Pres- 
byterian Church. He has no children. 

John C.'s second wife was Catharine Bohon, a 
cousin of his first wife. (_)ne daughter only was 
born of this union. She grew to womanhood and 
was married, but died soon after, and left no 

His death occurred at LaGrauge, Missouri, Jan- 
uary 1, 1874. 

John Armstrong McAfee, the eldest son and 
child of Joseph McAfee and I'riscilla Ann Arm- 
strong, w as born on his father's farm, near the vil- 
lage of Houston (now known as Emersunj, Marion 
County, Missouri, December 12, I80I, the first year 
after the removal of his pai'ents from Kentucky to 
Missouri. Those were pioneer days in Missouri 
ulieu hardships were many and advantages few. 
He availed himself of such advantages as the local 
schools afforded, until he was twenty years of age, 
when he began to teach in the common schools of 
the day. He prepared for college under the pri- 
vate tuition of Eev. Josiah B. Poage, and gradu- 
ated from Westminster College at Fulton, Mis- 
souri, in 1859. Twenty-five years later the college 
conferred upon him the honorary doctor's degree 
in divinity. In August, 1859, he was married to 
Miss Anna W. Bailey, daughter of Major James G. 

Bailey, of St. Charles, Missouri. He became a 
teacher, and iliough later ordained to the ministry 
in the i'resbyteriau Church, counted himself a 
teacher and educator ratlici- than anytliing else, 
throughout his life. 

In 1859 I'rofessor .McAfee taught in a young 
laiiics" sciinni in I'nlinii. .Missniiri, still in existence. 
1860-1867 were spent in teaching at Ashley, Mis- 
souri, where his lilV wcirk began In lake shape in 
his mind. During this i)eriod, also, in response to 
earnest solicitation of tiie church and friends, he 
was ordained to the ministry, 'i'hree years were 
.spent in Louisiana, ^lissouri, in college teaching, 
when, in 1870, a call came to the professorship 
of Greek in Highland I'niversit}', Kansas. There 
were soon gathered about him here students who 
were without means, but who were ready to per- 
form whatever manual labor was assigned them. 
They were counted members of his family, living 
in a large hall wliicii he erected by the help of 
friends, aud called "Hufford Home," and their tui- 
tion in the University was remitted in lieu of his 
salary. Having won his own colle^ge course by his 
own efforts, aud with great difliculty, he felt his 
life-work to be that of aiding those similarly situ- 
ated and etiually desirous for education. 

It became evident, after live yeai's of effort, that 
the peculiar purposes and methods which were in 
I'rofessor ^IcAfee's mind could be better de- 
Aeloped apart from any already established insti- 
tution, and friction appeared in the L^niversity on 
that account. He at once resigned his position, 
not knowing to what place he might go. An opening 
was providentially made k<v his w urk in Parkville, 
Missouri, whose founder, the Hon. George S. Park, 
oft'ered him land and a lai-ge stone building, form- 
erly used for a hotel. Here he began in 1875 what 
was to be his great work. As an educational insti- 
tution, the enterprise was called Park College. 
As a peculiar training school for the Missouri Val- 
ley and the entire West, it was called Park College 
Family for Training Christian Workers. As the 
name suggests, the institution was aggressively 
Christian. The practical study of the Bible was 



iiKidc first of all. Fidin I he li(\i;iimini;- all its stn- 
(Iciils liave been ex])('cl(M] Id lie ])ves('iit at two de- 
votional cliapcl services each day, and each imist 
take part in the siiiniiit!,- and readiii.n' of Scripture. 
-Vs a rcsnit, few stiidenls i^o llironiih a rear of at- 
tendance iinconverted, and all of its liTadnates have 
liccn ])riif('ssinii' ( "lirisi ians. 

Professor ilcAfee offered no course of study but 

the conmiencenieut day of that year. At his death, 
his family underlook the work, under the title of 
John A. ^McAfee's Sous, his five sons and (mic 
dauiihtcr JiiiTiinn- with ^Irs. ^IcAfee in the niaiiai;c- 

His sons are: 

1. Low<dl ^lasou Mc.Vfee, born 1800, graduated 
frdui I'ark College ISSO, attended McCorniick Sem- 

the severely classical (inc. and I lie college has had iuary 1883-4, superintendent manual labor depart- 

no other. All the uienibcrs (if the fauiily were re- 
(piired to pursue that single cdnrse. At first most 
of the teaching was done liy aihanced students, 
other teachers casting in their bit wilh the money- 
less leader and students, with little or no salary, 
all supplied from the common Ireasury. The fac- 
ulty has grown until it now (18!)8) includes twen- 
ty-three professors ami instructors, all classical 
graduates from mauy institutions, and all leceiv- 
ing very moderate living salaries. 

Each studeut. accoi'ding to Professor McAfee's 
plan, becomes part of a family in whose belialf lie 
speuds part of each day in assigned manual labor. 
It is not supposed Ihal he can sniijiorl himself by 

meut Park College 1880-83 and 1881-5, principal 
of academy and chairman of college faculty from 
188."t to the present time. Married Carrie Imogene 
Canfield, 1887. Children: Ralph Canfleld, Ken- 
neth Railey, Esther Lucille. 

2. Howard Bailey ilcAfee, born 1861 ; graduated 
I'ark Collegv 1880; attended Union Theological 
Seminary, New York, 1882-84; professor of ^lathe- 
matics Park College, 1880-82; business manager 
and su]ierintendenl, 1884 to present. Married 
Lucy IT. llindman 188(1. Children: Paul Hind- 
man; John Armstrong; Anna Helen, died 1800; 
Lou Marie, died 1800; Helma Louise. 

3. Lapsley Armstrong ^McAfee, born 1S()1; grad- 

his work; and if be can pay (be .fOO re(|uired each uated Park College 1882; graduated .^fcCormick 

Seminary 188.'"i; ordained Presbyterian Church 
1880; pastor I'arkville Presbyterian Church 1889- 
1898; sujx'rintendeni and disciplinarian Park Col- 
lege Family 1885-1808; pastor Presbyterian 
Church, I'ho'ui.x-, Arizona, 1898. :\Iarried Ella 
Taylor, 1887. Children: Hugh Bailey, Anna 
Ruth, Lapsley Ray, Wallace Taylor. 

4. Cleland Boyd .McAfee, born 1800; graduated 
Park (Aillegc 1884; I'nion Seminary, New Y(U'k, 
1888; ordain(xl Presbyterian Church 1888; co- 
pastor Paikville Presbyterian Cliurcli 1889-1898; 
pastor same 1898; Professor Mental and ^Moral 

year to supplement his la.bor, he is expected to do 
so. If not, the amount is secured from friends for 
the family treasury. The manual lalior is not, 
iberefoi-e, meant Cor leaching Irades, but to lessen 
the expense of the e(lnial ion ]ii-o\i(led. and a jiart 
of I he I raining for usefulness. The young women 
do all I he "honie" 'iMirk; the young men do uuiny 
kinds of onldoor and indoor \\(irk. l)r. McAfee 
eslablished a printing ojlice. earpeuler sliojis, stoue- 
i|uari'ies, blacksmitliing and several olber dejiart- 
iiienis, besides the farming and gardening. Several 
buibliugs were erected bv student hibor before his 

death, and many Innc been since erected. The Pliilosophy Park College 1889 to present. Married 

lands have been gradually acquired until there are Uattie L. Brown 1892. Children: Ruth Myrtle, 

about 1,200 acres contiguous to or near the campus, Catherine .\gnes. 

besides 2,000 acres? in other places. Some of the 5. Joseph Ernest .McAfee, born 1870; graduated 

latter tracts are not of great value. Considerable Park College 1889; graduated Auburn Seminary 

money endowment has been secured, now more 1893; Helper Park College Family 1893-95; I'liuce- 

than .f 225,000. ton Seminary 1890; professor Greek Park College 

Dr. Mcxifee died June 12, 1890, on the evening of 1890 to present. Married Adah E. Brokaw, 1898. 




[See Sketches 14. 15 and 16.] 




PARKVILLE, MO. 18)1-1890. 

[See Sketches 14. 15 and 16.] 





Only Surviving Graudctiiid of J.imes McAfee, the Kentucky Pioneer. 

Taken on Her Eightieth Birthday. 

ISee Sketch No. 26. | 


6. The daughter is Helen Bailey McAfee, born Park College, Inif her lienlth soon gave way, and 

1872; graduated Park Coll(>ge 1802; Western Fe- she was eompelled lo abandon her eherished work, 

male Seminary, Oxford, Ohio, 1894 ; teacher of On October 2, 1878. she was married to Rev. Joseph 

Latin, Park College Academy, 1897 to present. Carle Robinson, who was a elnssnuite in tlie Uni- 

Rebecca Jane (jMcAfee) McKamey, the eldest versity, and a gradnalc of Princeton Theological 

daughter of Joseph McAfee and Priscilla Ann Seminary in Ihe class of 1878. Tier cliildren are • 

Armstrong, was born near Salvisa, Kentucky, Feb- Harold ^Mc.M'ce, ami Eiliel. Her liome for a 

ruary 5, 1834. She was married to Joseph McAfee number of years has been a( "White P.ear, 'Minne- 

McKamey of Paris, Missouri, Septendier 10, 1854. sota, where her husband is the esteemed pastor of 

Her family consisted of one son, Calvin McAfee, 
who was killed by a mule when fourteen years of 
age; and two daughters, Margaret and Josepliine. 
The latter died in early womanhood and unmar- 
ried; the latter married, but died cliildless in 1894. 

the Presbyterian Church. 

Charlotte Cleland (McAfee") Pollock, daughter 
of Joseph McAfee and Priscilla Ann Armstrong, 
was born near Emerson, Missouri, on the 2d day 
of Julv, 1838. After her mother's death she became 

She was noA^er possessed of a robust constitution, her father's housekeeper, and made a home for him 

and, after a lingering illness of several years, died and the family as long as he lived. On January 

in the triumphs of a Christian faith, April 15, 1880. 11, 1877, she was married to James F. Pollock, of 

Tiny Elizabeth (McAfee) Kizer, daughter of LaCrange, Missouri. She was a wotnan of sterling 

Joseph McAfee and Priscilla .\nn Armstnmg, was 
born near Emerson, Missouri, April 24. 1886. On 
the 19th of March, 1857, she was married to Jacob 
R. Kizer of Illinois. Her residence has been for 
many years at Louisiana, Missouri, where her hus- 
band has been engaged in mercantile business. Her 
cliildren have been two daughters, Nettie and Eflfle, 
both of whom died in infancy; and one sou, .Toseph 
Leslie, who was born in Louisiana, Missouri, Feb- 

cliaracter, the life of the circle in which she moved, 
and foremost in every good work in the church of 
which she was a member. She died Novendier 2, 
1891, leaving two daughters, Nellie McAfee and 
Elsie May. 


Rev. Samuel Lanty McAfee, D. D., second son 
of Joseph McAfee and Priscilla Armstrong, was 
born on the old homestead, near Emei'son, Missouri, 

ruary 20, 1870; married Bell Wilson, and has one May 13, 1841. He remained with his father on 
son, Thomas Leslie. He is at present in Lincoln, the farm until he was twenty years of age, enjoying 
Nebraska, engaged in mercantile business. onlysuch limited facilities for education as the pub- 
Hannah Catharine (McAfee) Robinson, was the He schools of Missouri of that day afforded. In the 
youngest child of Joseph McAfee and Priscilla fall of 1801, he entered Watson Seminary, at Ash- 
Ann Armstrong. She was liorn on the old home- ley. Pike County, Missouri, of Avhich institution his 
stead near Emerson, Missouri, June 7, 1851. She brotlier John A. was then principal. After one 
was given the best advantages of the school facili- year of study there, in October, 1862, he enlisted as 
ties at hand, as had been given to all her brothers a private in Company A, Third Missouri Cavali-y, 
and sisters in their day, but these were very meagre. Pnited States Volunteers, and served until (lie 
When she was fourteen years of age her father re- close of the Civil War, rising to the rank of First 
moved to LaGrauge, and she had the advantages of Lieutenant, and Quartermaster of liis regiment. At 
such school facilities as were provided for the tlie close of the war, lie returned to scliool, and was 
youth of that little city. In 1872 she entered High- graduated from Pardee College, Louisiana, Mis- 
land University, of which her brother John A. was souri, in 1869, and from the Nortli-western — now 
then president, and graduated in June, 1875. In .McCormick — Theological Seminary, in 1871. He 
the fall of that year she engaged as instructor in was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of North- 


eastern Missouri. .Mav 11. 1S(;:i, and ordainwl by Becoiiiiui,' iiilciestca in the work of suppressiug 

the rreshytery of .Missuni-i Kivcr. I )iMcnilK'V 17. (ilisfciic lilcralurc, in tlic line adopted by Anthony 

1S71. At the same lime o\' his ..rdiiial ion lie was Comstoek of New York, he took an active interest 

inslallcd as jiastor of (lie I'lcsliylciian (Minnh of in it, and in 1877 sncceeded in co-niiiletinfi- active 

Kcd ():\k. Iowa, which pasloialc he licld unlil :\lay, organizations in Cincinnati, St. Lonis and Chicago, 

ISSi'. Aflcra lew nionihs" niinisliy in Winnebago to sustain the work in the West, in co-oi)eration 

Cilv, .Minnesota. li<- accepled a call from the I'res- wiUi tlie New York Society, and became the Gen- 

hvleiian Clinrchal .Mal\ciii, Iowa, which position eral Agent of the Western Society for the Suppres- 

he lilled nnlil called lo oigani/,e ilie rreslivterial sion of Vice, composed of the above-mentioned 

Academy at Corning, Iowa, October, lS,sr>. lie branches. He lias been the active agent of the 

gave up the principalship of that institution in same to the present time. His vigorous prosecn- 
ISSi), and went to Tark College to organize the De- 

partment of Biblical History and Practical Christ- 
ian Training, which iirofessorshiii he still holds. 
Highland I'niversity conrencd upon him the de- 
gree of iNIaster of Arts in 1S7l', and I'ai'sons Col- 
lege that of Doctor of Divinity in 1S!»7. 

<tn the tilth day of April, 1871, he was married 
to Marv Esther, danghtcr of Bev. Josiah B. Poage, 

tion of the work attracted the attention of the Post- 
Office Department, and in June, 1884, Judge Wal- 
ter Q. Gresham, then Postmaster-General, a]!- 
])oinled him a Post-Office Inspector, and issued to 
him a commission, commanding that he be "obeyed 
and respected accordingly by mail contractors, 
postmasters, and all others connected with the 
postal service," and requiring "all railroads, steam- 

ot Ashley, :\rissouri. Only one child was born to boats, stages, and other mail contractors to extend 

them, Samuel Poage, who was boin at ('orning, 
Iowa, August. 22, 1888, and died at Parkville, Mis- 
souri, April 16, 1892. 

Robert William .McAfee, youngest son of Jo- 
seph McAfee and Priscilla Ann .\rmstrong, was 
born in .Mari<ui ( "onnty, .Missonia, ( »ctoliei' 11, 1818. 
He remained on the farm with his father until the 
autumn of 18<i7. enjoying very limited school pi-i\- 
ileges at any time, and during the War of the Re- 
bellion, UKU-e limited still, when he entered Pardee 
<"(dlegiate Institute at Louisiana, .Missonri, of 
wliiih his oldest Ill-other, Kew -lohn .\. .Mc.Vfee, was 
l>resideut. He went with him lo liighlaud Uni- 
versity. Kansas, in 1S7(I, and was graduated from 
that institution in the class of 1S72, and i-eceived 
ri-oiii it the degree of Master of .\rts in 187,"). He 
took up a special c(Uirse of stinly al Triuceton Seni- 
iriai-y, hut, tinding weakness ot eyesight foi-bade 

to him the facilities of free travel." Each succeed- 
ing Postmaster-General has treateil him likewise. 
He has secured legislation on the subject in ahuost 
every Southern and Western State, and many 
municipalities. I'robably the most valuable work 
accomplished liy him was securing the passage of 
an Act of Congress forbidding the depositing with 
any express comiiany or other comunui carrier, 
for delivery in another State or territory any ob- 
scene, lewd or lascivious book, etc., which went in- 
to effect on the 8th of February, 1807. 

He was married June 0. 187.5, to Grace L. Deane, 
wlio \\as born in Franklin, Massachusetts, May 10, 
1853, of Puritan stock. They have four living 
children: Emile AN'adsworth ^fc.Vfe(% born Sep- 
tember IG, 1876, and is a meudier of the class of 
litOO, in Wabash College; Robert William McAfee. 
Jr., born Febmary 12, 1881, and is a member of the 

ass of 11103, Wabash College; Grace Deane Mc- 

.ontinuous study, turnci his attention to interest- Afee, born November 25, 1884; Ruth Winchell Mc- 

ing p.M.ple in the w.u-k of his brother, Joh„ A. Mc- Afee, born January 18, 1889. His residence is at 

Afee. and remained with I, in. nearly two years. He Crawfordsville, In.liaua, where he manages to 

then look np editorial w o,k at St. Joseph, Missouri, spend his Sal>batl,s, though under the necessity of 

but had to abandon Hiat on account of his eyes, traveling about 50,000 miles a year. 



The followino- from the mauy pnhlislicil icr,!-- 
ences to him aad his work are selected. 
The Interior of CliieaL;o says : 

"A uotahle vichir.v was scored last week for jml)- 
lic decency by .Mr. i;. W. .McAfee, a-cut of the So- 
ciety for tlie Suppression of Vice, in the conviction 
of Joseph If. Duulop, editor of the riijca.iio Dis- 
patcli, before Judge Grosscup, and liis sentence of 
two years in llic ixMiilentiary and ihc ]iaynii'nt of 
|2,000 tiue, Willi I lie large costs of prosecution." 

The Presbytery of Chicago passed the following 
in reference to the same case: 

"licsulrcd. That this Presbytery e.xpress its su- 
preme gratification for tlie zeal and fidelity exer- 
cised in the snccessfnl ]ir(isecnti(in and exclusion 
of the Chicago nisjHiich from the I'liited States 
mails. Further, be it resolved, that we reconnnend 
the Society for the Suppression of Vice to the sym- 
pathy of all onr churches." 

The officers of the Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance Union sent the following as a personal letter 
to Mr. McAfee: 

"In behalf of 300,000 white-riblion women who 
love i)nrity and rightcdusness we desire to thank 
you for the great victory that has crowned your ef- 
forts in convicting the editor and publisher of a 
Chicago paper of sending through the mails nmt- 
ter calculated to pollute society. You certainly 
are to be congratulated, and all good men and 
women rejoice at the result of the trial in the 
T'nited States Court. 

"Sincerely yours, 
(Signed) "Fr.vncis Willard, Presidcvf. 


Corresponding Score I a ri/. 
"Helen M. P.vrker. Trra.^turcr." 

From the report of the Exeimtive Committee of 
the Society for the Suppression of Vice: 

"At present the entire work of the country in 
this line, with the exception of an occasional case 
of glaring notoriety attacked by the police, is con- 
ducted by two heroic men who stand between the 
twenty-seven millions of youth and tlie greedy 
monsters who would sn]> their life blood. The 
lives of these men have been consecraled lo (his 
work of discovery, repression and icscue. They 
have won battles of which any general on I he field 
would be proud. Tiiey have endured trials, hard- 

ships, ix'rsecntions, attacks; have sacrificed finan- 
cial and social i)i-ivileges. They have been ready 
to suffer for the children Ihey have saved. They 
sland snpiioried by llie nniied voici' of (he fathers 
and mothers nf ilic hmd in Iheii- demand lor vigor- 
ous non-])olil ical, noil seciariiin acliim." 

The following rroni .Mr. .\iiJli(iiiy Conislock (o 
the Western Society for Ihe Sn|i|ii-essi f Vice : 

"I desire especially lo speak of Mw .Mc.\fee, my 
co-laliore]' .'iiid co-su ffei'er. 

"I have known Mr. JfcVfee, I think, before any 
member of your organization knew him. T have 
never kliOA\n a inoi-e failhfnl. self-denying mid elli- 
cient officer. TJiere is no man in this conntry for 
whom I have ii more i>rof((und respect and admira- 
tion, because of his noble fidelity to an uniiopnlai- 
cause. I Inive symitatliized wilh him in his main- 
discouragements, ]irivations, trials and hardships, 
but have never known him to coni])lain or speak 
disloyally or disi-espectfully of any of his dii( ctors. 

"I do not believe that there is a nn-mber of your 
society who realizes what it is to be, as he has been 
throughout many weary years, often se])arated 
from home and home ties; to be far i-emoved most 
of the time fidiii Ihe sympathy and love of wife and 
children; to s]pen(l a ]iortion of his nights, week in 
and week onl, nionlh in and month out, vear in 
and year out, on a sleeping car or at some liotel 
away from home influence and comforts, in order 
that he might, as a minute man, respond to every 
demand made u])on him. Tie is deserving of a 
monument while he liv(^s. *»»»•»« 

"^fcAfee is a whole regimeni in himself, and 
when backed by your organization wilh a purpose 
as faithful as has been his effort, you will be a 
whole army corps in this magnificeni bailie feu- 
the moral purity of the youth of this great nation." 


Mrs. Clark was Miss Genevieve Davis llennett, 
the daughler of .Mr. .Joel 1 >. Bennett, by his wife 
]\[ary :\rcClung .McM'ee, who was Ihe daughter 
of George Mc.Vfee. Jr.. and .\nne llamillon. 

George IMcAfee, Jr., was Ihe s(ni of G ge .Mc.\fee. 

the pioneer, and his wife Susan Ciiriy. Genevieve 
Davis IJennell was Ihe youngest of the seven chil- 
dren of her ]iarenls, and was born near New 



I>looinfiel(l, Cnllnway Coiintv, INfissonri. Ou her 
fntlior's side slie is desceuded from the Bennetts 
of [Maryland, who came over from England witli 
Lord Baltimore. Her srandfather, Joseph Ben- 
nett, and his brothei-s, Eli.iah, ]^^oses and John, set- 
(h'd in ^ladisoii Connty, Kentucky, at an early day. 
Tier father was lioni in tliat loniity, and lier mother 
in Mercer County. Joel D. BeuueK and ^fary Mc- 
riunir McAfee were married in Tallawar Connty, 
Afissouri. Miss Bennett (tlic snhjcct of this 
sketch"! was married 'Decemlier 14, ISSl, to Mr. 
Champ Clarlc. then a lawyer in Bowliui;' Green, 
MissouT'i. TTcT' husband is now hnow n all over the 
United States as the Hon. Clianip Clarlc, :\r. C, 
from the Ninth ^lissonri District, he havinq: been 
for manv years a member of the Lower Honse of 
CongTess, and one of the wittiest and most elo- 
onent members of that liody. "^^r. and Mrs. Clark 
have had four children born to them : Champ, Jr., 
and Anne Hamilton, who died in infancy; and Ben- 
nett and Genevieve, who are still livinii-, and whose 
handsonu' faces can be seen portrayed in this vol- 
ume on the same sheet as that Avhich contains por- 
traits of their parents. 

Mrs. Clark's father was born March 1, ISOo. 
Her nn>ther (^Fary ^fcClnni;' ^FcAfee) was born 
Novendier 22, 1S13, and died ^farcli 20, 1903, when 
in her ninetieth year. Her s^randfather, Georije 
McAfee, Jr., was born April 2S, 1777, and died 
May 28, 1819. Anne Hamilton, wife of George Mc- 
Afee, Jr., was born January 11, 1777, and died 
April 7, 1851. An excellent portrait of Mrs. 
George McAfee, Jr.. will be found in this volume. 
George McAfee, 11ie |)iniieer, was Iiorn April l:!, 
1740, and died Ajuil 14. 1S03; and his wife, Susan 
Curry, was born Oetolier 8, 1740, and died Septem- 
ber 10, 1810. Mrs. Clark's paternal grandfather, 
Joseph Bennett, and two of his brdlliers (EJijali 
and Moses j, married ladies by the luimc of Davis, 
who were .sisters, Joseph's wife being named Mar- 
garet (Peggy). 

Mrs. Mary McClung (McAfee) Bennett was a 
remarkable woman. 

"Ma Bennett," as she was affectionately called, 
came of Scotch-Irish Calvinistic families on both 
sides — ifcAfee on the paternal side; Hamilton and 
McClung on the maternal. They are strong, 
brainy, prolific stocks. .Mercer County, Kentucky, 
is full of them. 

With such ancestry it was inevitable that Mrs. 
Bennett should be a Presbyterian and a Democrat. 
T\'iien a child, and until she migrated to the West, 
she attended New Providence Church, a famcnis 
seat of Presbyterianism, where many of her kin- 
dred lie liuried, Jier grandfather, George ilcAfee, 
Sr., a soldier of tlu' Kevolution under General 
George Rogers Clark, being the first who was laid 
to rest in that histoi'ic spot. 

Her grandfather entered 1,400 acres of land near 
by u]i()n a warrant granted him for his services to 
his country under ''TJie Hannibal of the West." 

Her father was Colonel Georg-e McAfee (son of 
George, Sr., the pioneeiM, who fought under Col. 
Dick Johnson, at the River Thames, and under 
Andrew Jackson at New Orleans. 

She was only two years old w hen her father re- 
turned from the expedition in Canada, and such 
were her powers of memory that slie Pecollected 
his home-coming to iier last days. 

.Mrs. Bennett was a woman of great strength, 
mentally and physically — a tine type of the Ken- 
tucky pioneers who settled in Missouri, drove out 
the Indians, conquered this rich wilderness and 
established civilization west of the Mississippi, 
making it the most delectalile place for human hab- 
itation beneath the stars. 

She reared seven children of her own, and twice 
that many negroes. She never became reconciled 
to Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. 

All her children grew to manhood or woman- 

Jolm McAfee and Sedocia Bacon died in the 
Hower of their years without being married. They 
were successful farmers and stockmen. Sedocia 
was a Confederate soldier. 

Anne Hamilton married William W. Pitzer, a 
lawyer, now deceased. She and her only child, 




[See Sketch No. 17. 1 


[See Sketch No. 17. 1 



[See Sketch No. 17.' 



(See Sketch No. 17. i 

(See Sketch No. 17.I 

[See Sketch No. 17- J 

[See Sketch No. 17.] 

iSee Sketch No. 17.] 



Anne Bennett Pitzer, reside at Colornflo Sprin^js, 

Joel A., of Kansas Citv, :Missoiiri, married Annie 
Bradford Herndon. To tlicni have liecii l)(>rn seven 
children: Little Joel, Sallie Belle. Joel A., Ed- 
ward Bncknci', ricoriiv Grant, Anne Craig and Sn- 
sie Herndon. 

Ceorii'e Lisle, of Kansas City, ^lissonri, married 
Sue Beattie. They have no children. 

Mollie Coulter married John O. Herndon, 
farmer, of Fulton, Missouri. To them have been 
born four children : Sedocia Bennett, Belle Har- 
ris, Mary McAfee, and Champ Clark. 

Genevieve married Champ Clark, lawyer of 
Bowling Green, Pike County, l^^islso^ri. 

Mrs. Bennett was firm in the faith that Presby- 
terians are the salt of the earth. One of her greatest 
crosses was that four of her rliildren, Anne Hamil- 
ton, Mary Coulter, Joel \. and Genevieve all mar- 
ried outsiders. 

When a young woman she was tall and well 
bTiilt, remarkably strong and active. She was next 
youngest of the children of Colonel George McAfee 
and his wife, Anne Hamilton. T have heard her 
brother William McAfee, late of Mercer County, 
Kentucky, say that in a scuflflle, Mary was six to 
anybody's half dozen. Her brother. Dr. George 
McAfee, late of Hardin County, Kentucky, was two 
years her junior. When he was just gi'adnated 
from college he came home and said to her, banter- 
ingly, "Now, madam, T am a, ninn. and will run 
things to suit myself and you must mind me." Tn 
a minute she was wrestling with him, and laid him 
on his back, where he capitulated and begged for 

My mother has always been noted for her benevo- 
lence; I suppose there never was a more unselfish 
person than she. She is a natural-b(U'n nurse, and 
can do more to make a sick person comfortable than 
anybody I ever saw. Like all ibc old stdck nf 
^FcAfees she had an ine.Khaustible fund of humor. 
Although she had a great head for business and un- 
derstood all kinds of work, she has always been 
a great reader. To this da^', if ^he gets interested 

in a book, she is liable to si( up till 12 o'clock at 
night reading it. 

Her father's sisters, "Aunt Armstrong," "Aunt 
Irving," and ".\iint McKamey,'' I have heard her 
sjiciik (if mill (Icsrrilic sn nflcii IJiat I IVcl lliiitthey 
are persomilly known to me. ".Vunt Armstrong-" 
would never ;illnw till- ddor to be stmt winter or 
summer. Tliis came from her e^irly environments 
when the Indians were liable to creep up unawares 
and make a forcible entrance into the house. 
George IMcAfee, Sr., bad iiis liousc burned three 
times l)y the savages. .\nnt .\i-mstrong used to tell 
the children of that day (my mother among them), 
many thiilling stories of encounters with the In- 
dians. She said that one evening she went out to 
inilk the cow, her father, George McAfee, Sr., 
standing guard Avith his gun, they heard what she 
thought was the ciw of a pantlier. when her father 
told her to hni'ry and milk the cow — that they were 
to be attacked by the Indians — that it was an In- 
dian cry instead of a panther's. They drove the 
stock to a hiding place in the woods; then they 
built up a large fire in the house to make the In- 
dians think they were still there and tied to the 
fort which was owmed by James McAfee. That 
night about !t o'clock George McAfee, Sr., and a 
negro nmn, under cover of darkness, slipped back 
and witnessed the conflagration of the house; the 
Indians were all in high glee, dancing aronnd the 
house thinking tliat it was inhabited, and were pre- 
pared to tomahawk (hem when they ran out to 
escape the flames. Aunt .\rmstrong used to tell 
how, when they fled to the fort she carried her little 
sister Susanna, then a baby, on her back, and that 
she felt as light as a feather as she bounded over 
logs and through the forests on her Avay to the fort. 
Susanna was the youngest of George ^McAfee's 
children. She married TJobert ^fcKamey. Kobert 
McKamev's family and the family of James ^IcVfee 
(he was the oldest son of (icfU'ge ^IcAfee, Sr.. his 
wife was Nancy ^rcKamey, sister of Bobert) moved 
to Missouri in ISi'd. Thirteen years afterwards, my 
mother, tlien twenty-six years of age. came to Mis- 
souri on a \'isi( to tier Isinsrollv, met in\' father, Joel 



Davis Hciiiictt, of Madison Connty, Kcntiickv (liis 
older hrodior, ]\[oses Benuett, had married my 
mother's cousin, Lucinda, tlie older danjihter of 
Robert ^loKamey and Susanna ^IcAfee). they were 
attracted toward eacli other from llu^ first; indeed, 
tliey wei'c "cut out" for eacli other hy mutual 
fi'ieiids hetore they met, and llieir ac(|uaintan(e 
ripened rapidly to love. Tliey wei'c married a I 
Robert .McKauun's house February 11), ISol). .My 
mother has a f^reat fondness aiul pride in recount- 
ing the darini; tieeds of her ancest(U-s, the ^IcAfees. 
I think her stories of her father's brother, James 
McAfee, would till a volume, w liile all of her aunts 
would come in for a fair share. Her own father, 
Colonel George ^IcAfee