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Full text of "Worcester in the Spanish War; being the stories of companies A, C, and H, 2d regiment, and company G, 9th regiment, M.V.M., during the war for the liberation of Cuba, May-November, 1898, with a roster of E. R. Shumway Camp, no. 30, Spanish War veterans, followed by a brief account of the work of Worcester citizens in aiding the soldiers and their families"

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Class C '/*^'-A^^ 

coPiKiGirr DEPosrr. 



WORCESTER 
IN THE SPANISH WAR 



BEINC; THE STORIES OF 



Companies A, C, and H, 2d Regiment 

AND Company G, 9th Regiment 

M. V. M. 



DURING THE WAR FOR THE LIBERATION OF CUBA 

May — November, 1898 



WITH A ROSTER OF E. R. SHUMWAY CAMP, No. 3c 
SPANISH WAR VETERANS 



FOLLOWED BV A BRIEF ACCOUNT Of THE WORK OK 

WORCESTER CITIZENS 

IN AIDING THE SOLDIERS AND THEIR 

FAMILIES 




^r ALFRED STROE 

A I'atrar. cflhr Ciiil ff^ar, 'til-^'j 






%^J^ 



WORCESTER, MASS. 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR 

1905 



0^\ 



THt LIBRARY Of 

CONGRESS 

Two Cooies Keceived 

JUL 11 1905 

COPY A. 






PREFACE. 



Readers of this volume will ol)scr\"e 
that in no sense is it a history of the 
strife rendered necessar_\' 1)y the 
stru,sj,i;;le of Cuba for independence, it 
being- a plain statement of the i)art 
borne by Worcester men and Ix.iys in 
the citv"s se\-eral militia ciim])anies. 

The story itself is the outoniwth of 
a beginning; ma<le in the W orcester 
Magazine, Xnvember. U)02. when a 
resume of the i)art Ixirne in theS])anish 
War by A Comiiany. or the City 
Ciuards, was nn<lertaken. Later the 
same was followed liy a similar nar- 
rative of the Light Infantry. The 
work of collecting and arranging ma- 
terial for one-half of the companies 
concerned in tlu- war having been 
done, the engravings used l)eing ac- 
cessiliK- .and the type itself being, for 
the mosl part, still set up, what more 
natural than that the other two com- 
panies should receive similar treat- 
ment ? 

The double-colinnn r)age and the 
somewhat |iecidiar shape of the 
volume are llie results of facts already 
stated, with the additional truth that 
illustrations, whether groui)s of indi- 
viduals, scenery or events, can be 
more conveniently employed on a mag- 
azine l)age than in a smaller book. 

Xo story of this nature can be told 
without many ciinferences ami coni- 
l)arisons with those who had a part in 
the events described. F.very word in 
the volume was read to one or more 
members of the companies, that con- 
firmation or denial might be had. The 



newsjiapers of i8()8, with home letters, 
diaries, journals, and word-of-mouth 
recitals, have lieen em])lo_ved to give to 
the storv an air <if direct contact not 
otherwise attainable. 

In telling the deeds of those who 
served, one cannot supju'ess a feeling 
of regret for the others who had no 
chance. \\ hen the war rumors were 
rife, no one thought it ])ossible that 
I'.alterv !'. would remain at home and 
have no jiart in those stirring times, 
yet such was the case. There had 
been very few left in the Battery 
ranks had not the men supposed that 
Massachusetts Artillerv would be as 
necessarv as La}' State Infantry. Fate, 
however, was unkind, for, save a short 
tour of ilutv on I'lum Island, the sum- 
mer of i8i)8 was quite uneventful for 
the artillerymen, while their l)rothers 
in the infantrv ranks were winning 
fame and hiinors in active service; 
hence this historv cannot include a 
record of llatterv 1'., much as the 
writer an<l the citv woidd be pleased 
to have it possible. 

Then. too. there is the long list of 
Worcester i)atriots who, failing in 
their efi'orts to enter the several com- 
panies, sought opportunities for mil- 
itarv e.\])erience in the regular army. 
The numl)er was as large or larger 
th;in that of the men in the home com- 
|)anies, and nothing would jslease the 
writer more than to give their names 
and services could the same be ob- 
tained. Captain D. F. Anglum, who 
had the recruiting station in \Vorces- 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



ter, and who sent on such a fine array 
of the city's youth, did not retain his 
rolls, and access to them, now in the 
^ custody of the government, is denied. 

While reference to the daily papers of 
the period and the careful scrutiny of 
war histories might reveal scmie ])or- 
k tion of the names desired, still the roll 

»• would be so imperfect that it is 

. deemed best to confine the narrative 

f to the work of Worcester militiamen. 

1 This conclusion rules out the inter- 

^. esting stories of West Pointers: Geo. 

^ H. G. Gale, Roger B. Bryan, Marcus 

D. Cronin, Roger F. Gardner, Edmund 
X. Benchley; with Annapolis men. 
^ Charles Ward Bartlett, Austin M. 

\ Knight, Timothy S. O'Leary and 

5 Ralph Earle, all of them being repre- 

sentatives of Worcester in the army 
or navy during the war, and each one 
giving a good account of himself. 

.■\t one time it looked as though 
volunteer organizations wmuUI be 
called for instead of militia, and the 
quota of Massachusetts in such an 
event was four regiments, and among 
the colonels thus designated by Gov- 
ernor Wolcott was Major E. T. Ray- 
mond, who had won distinction during 
the Civil War. Had there been an 
opportunity, there can lie no doulit 
that to his standard had rallied 
as valiant a body of men as responded 
to the call of duty in the trying days of 
a generation before. Among the com- 
panies of this central regiment might 
have been mustered the fine body of 
young men who gave in their names 
to Sergeant Harry S. Putnam in the 
hopes that a place might be found for 
them, but this plan, too, proved 
abortive. 

Had the scope of the volume per- 
mitted, it had been a pleasure to 
enlarge on the concerted efforts of re- 
ligious and secular bodies to further 
the great object of making hai)[jy, as 



far as pussible, the honies which were 
lonesiuiie nn account of soldiers gone. 
Perhaps there was not a pulpit in 
Worcester froni which was not heard 
repeatedlv the rec|uesl for funds to 
help on the good cause, and it should 
he stated that, invariably, the re- 
sponses were (|uick and generous. 
E\erv charitable organization set at 
work all its activities to help. There 
were societies formetl for the express 
l)urpose of aiding the soldier and hi^ 
family, but the records are lost in the 
haste with which the past is obliter- 
ated. The Red Cross, world-wide in 
its usefulness, had its branches in 
Worcester churches, and in the last of 
.\ugust, a central organization was 
effected and considerable money was 
forwarded to Miss Clara Barton for 
distribution. Of this latter body 
scarcelv more can be found to-day 
than that its President was Alfred S. 
Roc and its Treasurer E. J. McMahon, 
and that its contributions amounted 
to nearly three hundred dollars. 

The book itself is the result of many 
favors rendered by those interested, 
and to them, one and all, thanks are 
returned. While the names of those 
who ha\e aiiled in \arious ways are 
legion and thus hardl\- to l)e enumer- 
ated, it does appear desirable to 
mention specially certain ones whose 
assistance particularly furthered the 
enterprise: among these should be 
named Captain E. G. Barrett, S. E. 
Clapp and Joseph T. I.atlamme of A 
Company. whose daily records ac- 
counted for their period of service; in 
C Compan\' much help was had from 
Ca])tain F. L. Allen, from the letters 
and diaries of Lieutenant A. C. King, 
Sergeant William E. Barton, Corporal 
C. T. Eldridge and Henry J. Greene; 
the active assistance of Captain C. S. 
Holden in H Company, with that of 
Sersjcants H. C. Young and C. E. 



WORCESTER IX THE SFAXISH WAR. 



Smith, along with the diaries and let- 
ters of Sergeants C. E. Alonroe, V. L!. 
Jordan. Corporal A. B. Seott, Willis 
Gleason and Allie Kimball, rendered 
the "Wellington" story possible: the 
faithful attendance of Cajjtain Moy- 
nihan and Lieutenants Hurley and 
McCann of the "Emmets," at repeated 
readings, is rememberetl gratefully, 
while the Cuban letters of Musicians 
N. T. Skerrett and Peter 1". Sullivan, 
along with the co-operation of Ser- 
geant J. J. Corliss, in many ways 
helped along the project. 

The profuse illustrations in the 
volume must excite remark. The same 
had not been possible without the as- 
sistance of many people, among whom 
should be mentioned H. C. Grover, 
whose war sketches arc admirable ; 
the cameras of Sergeant Young and 
Fred P. Dean contributed no little to 
the appearance of tliese pages, while 
the generosity of Colonel F. E. Pierce 
of tlie .SfC(jnd Regiment adds interest 
to the volume. Captain P. L. Rider, 
by the loan of cuts and data furnished, 
enlivened many pages. Thanks also 
are (hu- til the Worcester Pxiard of 
Trade for the use of half-tones, pre- 
pared when the fir^l part nf the work 
was running in the .Magazine; to the 
Worcester Evening (lazette for plates 
made during the war period, and to 
Editor I). !'. Toomey of Donahoe's 
Magazine, for the loan of engravings 
in his i)ossession. Lieutenant Mc- 
Cann's collection of i)liotos. with those 
of J. J. Corliss and E. R. P.arker, 
aided not a little. 

In i)rei)aring the sketch of the home 
work of Worcester, the writer is 
under great obligations to Mr. ]Lil- 
Icck i',artletl. Mr. Carl I'.onnrv and 
:\Irs. William L. i-tobinson for the use 
of records in their keeping, the same 
chronicling in a f.iilhful manner the 



untiring efforts of citizens, 'while the 
written and printed records of the 
"Emmets." as preserved by Air. M. li. 
Lamb, in the writing of the late Wil- 
liam J. Tansey, along with the price- 
less compilations of Mr. Richard 
(_)'l'"lynn. made the home efforts mem- 
orable. In arranging the matter pre- 
liminary to the story of the "Em- 
mets." the writer acknowledges his 
obligations to Dr. George McAleer for 
\'aluable suggestions. 

The roster of Colonel E. R. Shum- 
way Camp is taken from the books in 
the keeping of Secretary A. F. 
\\'heeler. and he, too, is entitled to the 
gratitude of all interested. 

Xo one can regret more than the 
writer the fact that every member of 
the four cc:)m])anies is not represented 
in the lollowing pages, that readers 
might know how their soldiers looked. 
Earnest eft'orts were made to secure 
the portrait of each man. Letters were 
written, many miles -were tra\-eled and 
all honoralde means Avere taken to get 
tile ].iictures. but in main- cases with- 
out success. There is little doubt that 
some veterans will be disappointed at 
the non-appearance of their sem- 
blances here, but such will ha\-e only 
tliemsel\-es to blame. The ])reparing 
of the story was play compared with 
the work necessary to obtain the illus- 
trations. 

Such as it is. the story with its em- 
bellishments goes forth to the friends 
and relatives of the men who faltered 
not in the ])ath of duty, and in so acting 
reflected credit u)ion the city which 
nurtured them, and to these men, 
whether here delving in the callings of 
])eace or having crossed the great di- 
\ide are waiting in the realms of bliss, 
this account of their devotion, action 
and triumph is dedicated. 

ALFRED S. ROE. 

March, 1905. 



Worcester in the 
Spanish War 

CITY GliARDS, COMPANY A, 2ND REGIMENT, M. V. M. 



[Though the origin of the company was owing to pohtics, all iiuestions of politics in the com- 
position and management of the City Guards long since disappeared. In 1840 when tlie 
campaign for the rresidencv was run, on one side, along the lines of ■'Tippecanoe and Tyler too 
and hard cider attained a prominence never before held, the rival Whigs and Democrats of the 
Light Infantry became almost belligerent towards each other, and. in the e.xcess of their rancor, 
the Whigs withdrew, all save the Captain, D. Waldo Lincoln, and proceeded to organize a mili- 
tary company whose appreciation for W. H. Harrison and accompanying beverages knew no 
qualification. From the start the companv won a popular position and has ever held it, though 
to-day not one member in fifty among the active, veteran and honorary members could tell the 
real reason for its beginning. u . u 

I The first Captain was George Bowen, and his successors to date have been George Hobbs, 
Leonard Pool, George B. Conklin, L. Lincoln Newton. Edwin Eaton, Charles W. Longley. John 
M. Goodhue, George H. Ward. -A.. B. R. Sprague, R. H. Chamberlain, Joseph H. Iitus, 
W H King, E. R. Shumway, George H . Cleveland, Wm. D. Preston, Wm. A. Condy and Edwin 
G. Barrett. When the War of the Rebellion came, the company, under the command ot A. B. 
R. Sprague, went out in the three months' service as a part of the Third Battalion ot Ritles. 
Later, nearly everv member saw service in some capacity throughout the struggle. Few, it any. 
organizations furnished more commissioned officers for loyal troops, and the record from the 
beginning of the war is a proud one. r 1 ^ .1 

The organization of the company was m September. 1840. and on the 19th day of that month 
the first parade was made. Its first encampment was in the fall of the year 1840, in Worcester, 
and its second the vear following, in West Boylston. Its reputation for proficiency '" drill was 
earlv gained and has been ever retained. It was present at the dedication ol Bunker Hill Monu- 
ment, June 17th. 1843, did guard duty on that auspicious occasion, and heard the words of \\ eb- 
ster as he gave his immortal address. , ,, r^ •, i r> i t 

Of the original roll, only the Hon. Julius L. Clarke of Newton and Mr. David J.Baker of 
Worcester survive.] 



ROM the earl}- days when 
the frontier town id" Wor- 
cester was expected to re- 
turn her quota to repel In- 
dian attacks, down through 
I'rench and IncHan wars, 
that of the Revolution and 
later encounters, the town 
and city has ever heen 
ready to render a good account of it- 
self. The War of the Rebellion was not 
so far away but that memories of 
it were fresh in the pulilic mind, 
and the militia of the Bay State 
was largely composed of men whose 




fathers hail seen serxdce in the days of 
i86t and 'O3. l.ong before tlic final 
order was issued, the question of active 
service had lieen discussed in all the 
armories of Massachusetts, and there 
appeared to he onl_\- one scnrnnent, viz., 
that of a desire to take a hand in end- 
ing Spanish rule in .\merica. Xot 
a man in the militia could remember 
the dav when there was not some 
trouble in Cuba, and the conviction 
was dee]) and widespread that the 
United States would eventually have 
to go to the rescue of the struggling 
patriots in the Pearl of the Antilles. 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




Seo.nm, I.ieut. \Vm. II. 1') 
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. CO.MI'.XNV .\. 



CITY GUARDS, COMTAXY A. 



9 



It is just possible that the surcharijed 
condition of the atmosphere added zest 
to otherwise monotonous drill, for the 
boys were beginning to think that 
something might come of the everlast- 
ing handling of firearms, the unlimited 
facings, marchings, and devotion to 
tactics generally. At the same time, it 
must ever redound to the cn'dit of 
American soldiery that very few men 
were anxious to go simply for the sake 
of carrying guns with the intent cif 
shooting some one. It was a distin- 
guished Frenchman who said, more 
than one hundred years ago, "In Amer- 
ica no men are soldiers by trade, but 
men of all trades are soldiers. "" These 
militiamen were ready to bear their 
part in helping rid an oppressed por- 
tion of humanity of its burden, even to 
the extent of risking their own lives in 
doing it. 

However, while to the praise of our 
men the foregoing is true, there was 
needed some overt act, scnne blood- 
curdling deed, to kindle the fire which 
had been laid so long. The spark was 
afforded when, during the night of Feb- 
ruary 15, in the harbor of Havana, the 
United States ironclad, the ^faine, was 
blown up. It was the crowning igno- 
miny of the century, an act fitly supple- 
menting the barbarous rule of Spain in 
the Western Continent, and one which 
immediately welded into a compact 
mass North and Snuth, making every 
American desirous of wiping out a des- 
potism which would countenance such 
a diabolical deed. Every man capable 
of bearing arms seemed like a grey- 
hound straining at his leash, needing 
only its severing to spring upon the 
foe. While some people might flatter 
themselves that the outcry was wholly 
owing to the desire to fight for Cuba, 
in their heart of hearts they knew full 
well that from the murky waters of 



that island harbor there was a never- 
ceasing moan, "Wvenge me," and the 
cry, "Remember the Maine," after six 
years filled with their own history, has 
not ceased to re-eclm. 

"When the splendid Maine went down, 
.\nd we saw our brothers drown. 
Then a flood of sudden tears 
Changed the smould'rinK wrath of years: 
.•\nd. above their Cuban grave. 
We vowed to see our banner wave." 
April ic), a momentous day in Massa- 
chusetts history, saw Congress pass an 
act warranting the declaration of war 
by the President, and the same was 
signed the following day. Then fol- 
lowed, on the 23d, the call for 125,000 
troops, of wdiich number the quota for 
Massachusetts was four regiments of 
infantry and one of heavy artillery. 
April 28 Governor Roger Wolcott 
called out the militia of the State, and 
preparations to comply were imme- 
diately afoot. Worcester was the 
proud possessor of four companies of 
infantry and one of artillery. The 
Emmet Guards constituted Company 
G of the 9th Regiment, while the other 
three companies belonged to the 2d. 
Those were stirring times, and to many 
a home the call came with all the 
emphasis that Byron depicts in the 
immortal night before the Battle of 
Waterloo. Flaying war was done, and 
our boys were soon to know what the 
actual was like. 

In oliedience to a regular summons, 
the members of Company A assembled 
in their .\rmory rooms Friday evening, 
April 29, to ascertain what the attitude 
of the men would be in regard to the 
call. It was a well-attended meeting, 
and; long before the nominated hour 
had arrived, the rooms were crowded 
bv the soldiers and their friends, and 
one spirit seemed to actuate the crowd. 
At precisely 8.15 p.m. Captain Edwin 
G. Barrett called the gathering to order, 



10 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



and requested the withdrawal of all 
those not belonginsj in the company. 
After a brief settincj forth of the pur- 
pose for which the ineetins^ was called, 
remarks from others were asked for. 
and the first to resp(.'>nd was Sergeant 
W. H. I'liininier. who. in a ringing 
speech, urged the men to \-()Iunteer as 
a company and to follow the Hag 
wherever it might lead. Tie touched 
the right clKjrd. for his W(.)rds were re- 
ceived with cheers, and the men were 
ready to volunteer at once. However, 
words from others in a similar vein fol- 
lowed, after which the Captain called 
for a rising \-ote upon the great ques- 
tion, and. he it said ti:) the e\erlasting 
credit of the mvnibers. every man rose 
in the affirmatixe. 

So mucli f(.ir the altogether, the viite 
when men are inspirited bv each other: 
then followed the mcwc trying ordeal, 
as each man was called into the ])ri\ate 
room of the non-commissioned officers, 
where, in the presence of the Ca])tain. 
and Company Clerk. Cor])oral Iv. L. 
Allison, he was asked to make his per- 
sonal decision, and again there was no 
flinching, for e\'erv man was readv to 
jnit down his name. The moments, 
as the inter\iews progressed, were 
anxious ones to the men. and it was a 
long breath of exultation that followed 
the final announcement, b'or reasons 
which seemed sufficient to himself 
Captain I'.arrett refused to accept four 
men. reasons in no way reflecting upon 
them, but which were (ibvionsl}- 
worthy of consideration. Not till 11.35 
p.m. did the meeting end. and then the 
time was none too long, for it was the 
most important .•issembling of the 
Guards since 1S61 . 

Sunday. May I. the members assem- 
bled again to transact further business. 
looking to the near departure for scenes 
of hostility. A committee of \-eterans 



was appointed to look after the com- 
I)any property during its absence, and 
the further order was read directing 
every man to report at 7.30 a.m. Tues- 
day, May 3, in heavy marching order. 
Following adjournment, each man pro- 
ceeded to look after his own belong- 
ings, and to discuss the jirobalile dispo- 
sition of the regiment on its departure. 
I\bOTdav followed with aliout the same 
situation, for the victory of Dewey, the 
day before in Manila Harbor, had not 
then been heralded, but the next day 
was all aflame wath the wondrous story 
of Dewey and the results oi the first 
naval battle fought witli modern ap- 
])liances. 

There was no one in Worcester wdio 
did not wish a l)right, lieautiful day in 
which to see the boys depart, but with 
characteristic weather fickleness, Tues- 
day dawned rainy and dismal. (_)nl_\- 
the glorious news from Manila saved 
the day from downright gloom. Many 
a time has the city risen above tempo- 
varv trouldes. and this case proved to 
be no excepticin. Red. wdiite and blue 
bedecked the buildings, and Main 
Street loe>ked as it must have appeared 
so many years before wdien the sons of 
\\'orcester were departing for the 
Southland. Every available inch of 
standing room was occupied by those 
who were Ijound to see their boys 
march bv. Moisture, not even rain. 
Could danqien such ardor, and the pro- 
grannne of departure was carried out 
just as if the sun had shone his bright- 
est. The Armory at the appointed 
hour was filled with the members of 
the three companies \ylio were that 
morning to say "good-by" to it for they 
knew not how long, it might be for- 
e\"er. It was qiuu'ter past nine when 
into the drill-shed walked His Honor 
Ma\dr Dodge and the Rev. Alnion 
Gunnison. D.IJ. An earnest and 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



11 



^ 



touchiiii,' prayer was offered by the 
latter, and remarks i>f an appropriate 
character were made liy Mayor Rufus 
B. Dodge, Jr. Interested onlookers of 
the incident were ( lenerals A. I!. R. 
Sprague and Robert C'hamberlain, both 
of them \-eteran meml)ers of the com- 
pany. 

The line moved away, led by a s(|uad 
of policemen, each one of whom had 
been a soldier in the Rebellion. Then 
came Battery I! Band, and the grizzled 
ranks of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic followed, for Post to had been 
assigned the honor of the right of the 
line. Sons of \'eterans, and survivors 
of the ( )ld ftth Regiment of iS6i, 
marched next. 'I'here were carriages 
containing infirm \eterans of the Ci. .\. 
R. and of the several companies; then 
came the I'olytechnic boys, and hnall\- 
the chief part of the event, viz., the 
departing comiianies. A, H, and C. in 
order, with Lieut. -Col. Edwin R. 
Shumway and Alajor Harry ?>. Fair- 
banks riding at their head. They had 
been seen in march and drill many and 
manv a time, but how numerous were 
the belli dders who were willing to 
at^rm that they had never really seen 
them before. Such is the dilTerence 
between the actual and the seeming. 

So adown Main Street, with scarcely 
moving space, the gallant companies 
marched, the band playing Auld Lang 
Syne till, for very pity's sake, the strain 
was changed to the more lively one of 
Yankee Doodle. The southern limit 
of the i)arade was Myrtle Street, just 
beyond the Post Office, and thence 
through it and by Southbridge the loop 
was made back to Main Street and by 
the City Hall, where the grand review 
was had by the Mayor and many con- 
spicuous citizens. In honor of the day 
the no-school signals had been rung, 
and Young America of both sexes was 



WORCESTER I.\ THE SPANISH WAR. 



e\ery\vhcre in evidence, determined 
that notliing that could lie done should 
be lacking' to make separation memo- 
rable. 

The criiwds thronged to the station 
aufl up ti) the A'ery car d(ic_>rs. where the 
good-b_\s were spoken, and the train 
moved <_iff for the familiar camjMng 
grounds of Sciutii Framingham. The 
trip was a short and uneventful one, 
and the transferral fmm the cars to the 
ground was soon eliected. Owing to 
the deeds on the first of May the new 
camp very fittingly assumed the name 
of Camp Dewey. Xo time was lost, 
and after a dinner provided by Caterer 
Yeaw, the (iuards were the first to 
appear before the surgeon for his 
examination. The tests to which the 
men were subjected ]iro\ed to be 
unusually severe, hence many failed to 
reach the standard, and many a would- 
be patriot was obliged to fuld his 
blanket and depart for home. In Com- 
pany .A no less than eleven men were 
rejected, though on a re-examinatinn 
three of these men were taken luick. 
The inability of 2d Lieut. F. II. Lucke 
to pass the ordeal, on account of his 
eyes, was particularh- regretted. 

Then came the fir^t night in camp. 
The weather was cnld, and rain a sorry 
comforter. Not all the dreams of that 
long night are recorded, Imt it is safe 
to .say that m;uiy of them ])ictured 
scenes cjf pleasure and happiness cm 
which waking eyes were nut t(i rest for 
many ;i lung daw 

The roster of the company as it left 
Worcester was as follows: 

Capt.-iin, Edwin G. Barrett. 
First I.R-iit., .Muses H. Tisdell. 
Second I.ifut., Frederick H. Liicke. 
Scrgc-atu. Herl)ert W. Woods, 

VVm. II. Plinnnier, 

Walter H. ,Mlison, 

Edward R. Kiedl. 

Charles A. Poland. 



Corporal. Elbridge B. Sawyer. 

James T. Cruikshank, 

Horace L. Ware, 

Archie F. Murray, 

John G. Hagberg, 
Musician. Frederick C. Gagnon. 

Privates. 
George E. .\lIison, George Jones, 
Hubert E. .Austin, Robert A. Lohnes, 

Herbert A. Ballon, Julius H. Lowell, 
Chas. A. Barton, Jos. T. Latlamme, 

Jos. A. Bergeron, Chas. A. Lamberton, 

Jacob Bieberbach. David D. McTaggart, 

Jos. H. Boardman, Arthur C. McGee, 
Walter Burkhardt, Wm. E. Moody. 

Wni. E. Cardin, Wm. H. Morse. 

Samuel E. Clapp, Edward J. Power, 

Jas. A. Cole, William W. Rice, 

Beni. Cooper, Wm. E. Sherman, 

Wm. G. Cornwell, W. E. Schofield, 
Thos. R. Dand, Wm. G. Standish, 

Frank L. Fairbanks, Quincy F. Thomas, 
Chas. A. Fischer. Alex. G. Thomson, 

Geo. L. Forest. Geo. M. Thomson, 

Ernest B. Hall, Ingwald E. Torkelson. 

Fred R. Hayes. Reinhard A. Torkelson, 

.Arthur L. Heyward, Wm. .A.. Traver. 
Wm. A. Hinchley. Samuel A. Wallace, 
Lcroy C. Hinckley, Peter N. White. 
Horace K. Hobbs. 

Reveille sotuideil prom|itlv at 6 
o'clock in the morning of the first ilav 
in camp, and little else than the results 
of the physical e.xaminations occupied 
tlie minds of the \dluntecrs. The tests 
were finished this day and resulted 
in the rejection of three more men. 
To serve on guard detail. Compativ .\ 
furnished sixteen men. The rain of 
the preceding day had cleared awav, 
but the air was coUl and raw. There 
w.'is no drill, and Captain Larrett left 
f<ir \\'(:ircester to secure recruits fiir the 
\-acant ]daces, since tlie fidl com[ile- 
nient of sevent\'-se\'en men must be 
had. 

Fhe Captain returned on the 5th with 
recruits who. with a single exception, 
[lassed the examination, and in the 
afternoon a \'ote was taken bv the com- 
pany to fill the \-acancy made by the 
rejection ui Lieutenant Lucke. Ser- 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY 



13 



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geant ^^'. H. I'lumnirr h.-ul reasnn to 
lie protid <if his stamlint; anmnLT his 
fcllnws wlu'ii the rU'i'liiin resuUcd in 
his iinaninii Ills chciicc. The first (h'ill- 
iiiL;' in call!]) was dcmc on this day. 
'Idle weather was nol iiK'al for camp 
hfe, since rains were fre(|uent and the 
winds were deciiledly Arctic in their 
teni|ieratiire. All were pleased at the 
new Lieutenant's successful passing of 
the tests leading to his commission, 
while the realities of life a])peared in a 
sudden attack of illness on the ])art of 
tine (_>f the privates, and he was sent 
home to Worcester: thcmgh Pri\-ate 
Austin recovered ho did not go with 
the company. A\"ith warmer air and a 
dress ])arade on Saturday, the Jth, a 
degree of cheer hegan to pervade all 
hearts. 

Camp Dewey's first and only Sun- 
dav, so far as the Second Regiment 
was concerned, was ohscrved as an 
actual dayof rest. Chaplain J. C.^^'ell- 
wood held a service in the mess hall, 
hut the greater part of the passing 
hiiurs was given to consideration of 
the probable disposition of the regi- 
] ment Massachusetts being on tlie 
ocean, and a large part of her coast- 
dwellers suffering from the severest 
form of Spaniardphobia, it was deemed 
probable that all the forces of the Com- 
monwealth would be retained for her 
nwn defense, in which case the Second 
would doulitless be hajjpily located in 
some one of the exposed cities : and 
what fancies the boys had of the possi- 
bilities of a summer by the seaside ! 
Little did they know of what was 
already written on the near-by pages 
of the volume reserved by Fate. 

Monday, the 9th, ushered in a regu- 
lar round 'A drill parade and camp 
dutv. ( )n this day the complete 
descripti\e list of every man was made 
out, and the whole company signed the 



14 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




\V. .A 


. IRAVER. 






Henr\ 


C. COLEY. 


Win 


. E. Sher 




P. EX J 


Cooper. 






\Vm. E 


MOODV. 


\Vm 


C. CORNV 


VELL 


Serct. J 


OHN 1). r,m 


VANS. 


Cr 


Ri-. Uai 


[•H I.. .\l.r.ISON 


Wait 


ER E. ScHt 


FIELD. 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



15 



United States A'olunteer mustcr-rc ill. 
The soldiers didn't know it. Init mat- 
ters were coming- to a head rapidlv. 

Tuesday prin-ed to be the !;reate>t 
(lav vet in this new chajiter of (hiards' 
history. At 9.50 a.m.. the company 
ceased to be a jxirt of the State Alilitia 
and was mustered into the volunteer 
service of the United States by Lieu- 
tenant E. M. ^\'eaver, detailed by the 
War Department for this duty. An 
earlier order had assembled the com- 
pany in its street, whence it had 
marched across the parade-ground to 
the immediate vicinity of the flag-st_af¥, 
from whose tip was flying the Star- 
spangled Banner. Under its folds. 
with uncovered heads and with up- 
raised right hands, each man repeated 
the oath which bound him to two 
years of faithful service to the national 
government, unless sooner discharged. 
If there had been any lacking of appre- 
ciation of the importance of the step 
which the men were taking, this act 
revealed the full magnitude of the part 
they were al)out to play. It was no 
round of camp frolic upon which they 
were to enter. In the afternoon. Cap- 
tain Barrett read the Articles of War 
to the company, and upon Quartermas- 
ter-Sergeant C. A. Poland were laid 
also the duties of commissary. The 
day closed in a memorable manner, for 
at the head of each company street had 
been placed piles of wood, which the 
boys proceeded to use for camp tires, 
around which they gathered, and with 
songs of home, love and war, passed 
the hours away. 

With entrance ujion the U. S. service 
came a change from rations prepared 
by a caterer to the more soldier-like 
manner of having a company cook. 
Accordingly three days" rations were 
given out, and it was understood that 
the next day would put them on their 



own resources. Alreadw under instruc- 
tions, the catert-r had been narrowing 
the rani^e of tal)le display. Table- 
cloths and napkins disapiieart'd and the 
menu was shortening u]) gradually, 
that, when the change came, the shock 
might not l)e toi.j rude. 

( )n the 1 ith, re\eille mo\ i-d up a half 
hour, disturl)ing soldierly dreams at 
5.30. Caterer C. S. Yeaw served his 
last breakfast, and then came the 
weightv res])onsil)ility of selecting 
men for the kitchen squad, and the lots 
fell upon Privates Mills, Lamberton, 
Havs, Green, Standish and Schofield. 
The new cooks prepared their first 
meal at no<in and vv^ere ready to offer 
their liungrv comrades beefsteak, fried 
bacon, liaked ])otatoes, fried onions, 
bread and coffee. Tlie afternoon 
brought from \\'orcester .Mayor R. B. 
Dodge, Jr., and the military committee 
of the city government. Supper's bill 
of fare dwindled to liash, with bread 
and coffee, for the diunt-r lax'ishness 
could not he expected at e\ ery meal. 
It is full}- time for taps when an order 
is received directing the regiment to be 
ready to leave camp on the following 
dav. This news banished all thoughts 
of sleep from tlu- camp, and letter- 
writing to friends at home is the order 
of the night. .\ summer by the sea- 
side gi\-es place to the knowledge that 

•■.•\u-ay down Soutli in Dixie" 
is the regiment's immediate destina- 
tion, and no one knew how much 
further he might go. 

Though reveille came an hour and a 
half earlier than the day liefore, it 
awakened very few. "Tired nature's 
sweet restorer, balmy sleep," had not 
shut many eyelids during the preced- 
ing hours, and, for once in their soldier 
lives, the resounding bugle disturbed 
them very little. There was much to 
do in packing up, eating breakfast and 



WOIUF.STER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




Capt. Edwin C. 


!akrett 






l-T. F. H. I-l'CKi:^ 


Fl 


RST LlEL-T. 


M. H 


roM MISSION EI) iil-FICEKS. 


nrv 


-.L'ARDS. 


iSg6. 



making final arrangements fur depart- 
ure. .\t X d'clMck the tents were 
struck, and then followed till noon an 
opportunity to visit willi friends, who 
were present in large nnnihers. The 
teleplione wire to Worcester was kei)t 
hot by officers and men in their anxiety 
to sav ",troo(l-l)y" to listeners more 
than twenty miles away. Strange that 
science and war sluiuld so kindlv 



lilend! At 2 p.m., in obedience to the 
assembly call, the re,t;iment fell in and 
was reyiewed by His Excellency the 
Governiir. Roger W'olcott, always an 
impressive figure, never looked better 
than when he appeared on this occa- 
sion. Following the review, a hollow 
square was formed, and in a most 
efifective manner the (iovernor gave 
each officer his commission. That 



CITY CUAKDS, CO.Ml'AXY 



17 



little march frum his station to the 
Cnjxernor's haiiil was the most im]ior- 
tant that many of these officers had 
ever taken. Certainly the most that 
was possihie was made of the oppor- 
tunit}-. 

Time flew swiftly, Imt it was not till 
5.40 p.m. that tile line was formed for 
the march to the station, and the last 
sii^'ht of the "old camp-gT<nui(r" was 
coupled with the fi!.;ure of Caterer 
Yeaw. who was actuall}" in tears o\-er 
the £r"i'i.> away of his boys. Aijain 
the Grand Arm\- of the Republic acts 
as escort for the later generation of 
soldiers, since it is Middlesex Post, No. 
163, that takes the right and leads the 
way. The whole township of Fra- 
mingham could not furnish the many 
thousands of people who crowd and 
jostle that they may catch just a 
glimpse of the departing \-oluntecrs. 
These masses of beholders have come 
from distant i)oints. that the}- may 
once more see their loved ones ami 
take the parting, possibly the final, 
farewell. Leave-taking of soldier 
boys on their way to actual warfare 
has ever been the saddest of partings, 
and it is no mark of weakness if tears 
dim the eyes of the man in uniform as 
well as of those of the friends wdio 
remain. The good ])eople of South 
Framingham had erected, near the 
station, so that the line would pass 
under it, a beautiful arch on which 
were the appro])riate words, "God be 
with }"OU till we meet again," a sen- 
timent to which even the most 
thoughtless could not resist respond- 
ing "Amen." 

The station itself beholds a \'ast 
array of humanity, military and civil, 
but all intent on the departure of this 
regiment of ]\Iassachusetts men and 
boys. The soldiers themselves are 
especially jubilant over the thought 



that theirs is the very first regiment of 
\olunteers to be thus ordered avvav, 
and many are noting the happy coinci- 
dence with the great event of April, 
ii'^'ii, when the Massachusetts ."-^ixlh 
was the first equipped organization to 
place itself between the government 
and its foes. ( )nce more the bared 
arm and firnily-gras])C(l sword, ever 
\isible upon the escutcheon of the I'.av 
State, were significant. Xaturally the 
boys had hojjed that their way south- 
ward would be \-ia Worcester and 
Springfield, so that the folks at home 
might see them in their regimentals 
and that more of the loved ones might 
say "good-by ;" l)Ut it had been ruled 
otherwise, and the route selected was 
that by the way of Newport and the 
Sound. 

The last farewell is spoken, ami at 
7.45 p.m., amicl cheers and waving 
handkerchiet's, the long train nio\-es 
out and takes its way towards Rhode 
Island. Those parting words and ten- 
der embraces had produced a (piieting 
effect, and many a loyal heart, beneath 
his coat of blue, realized, as the man 
had never tlone before, just how father 
and mother felt wdien they separated 
so long ago. Thus do we all get by 
actual experience what otherwise we 
should never know. Then, tmi. the 
night hour had its effect, and the leave- 
taking was sadder than it would have 
been at noon or in the early morning. 
-Supper, consisting of hardtack and 
canned roast beef, was served en route. 
All along the way every village was 
astir to see the soldiers, and with wel- 
coming shouts and red fire galore, the 
peo])lc attested their admiration and 
regard. Not till 10.30 p.m. is Newport 
reached, but even at this late hour the 
people are out to see the first regiment 
arrayed to combat the Spaniard. It is 
the magnificent steamer Plymouth of 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



the Fall River Line that is to l)ear the 
1)1 lys tci New ^Mrk, ami if these same 
soldiers ciiuhl Inne ha<l their choice 
tlie_\' WDulil nut ha\e chosen otherwise, 
tor there was a significance in the 
name that appealeil to e\ery loval 
Massachusetts heart. 

.\t 11.30. or just a half hour before 
niiilni^iit. the staunch \'essel moves 
away from the dock, and the men. 
wear\' from the excitement and events 
of the day. early seek eon\ enienl places 
in which to hestow their etiects and 
their tired bodies. Alanv of these 
same soldiers as ci\ilians had often 
g'one o\er this route in former (la\'S. 
findin"' repose in the finch' furnished 
staterooms; now they were s"la<l to 
take their rest upon the soft side of the 
lloor with scant coxerinj;. though some 
lucky fellows had the prixileQes of 
excellent staterooms after the officers 
had all been placed. Evidently the 
l)oat was the re!.;iment's for the nitjht. 
Fair weather, though somewhat 
windy, allowed the trip to be made in 
Hood time and with no luitoward inci- 
dent. The mornint; of the 13th came 
early, for the steamer is moving' along 
one of the most fascinating' r<Hites in 
America, and to a large pniportion of 
the men the scenes are entireh' new. 
Evidently, the mission of the Plymouth 
was well understood, fcir e\-er\' passing 
tugf and steamer g'a\'e three greeting 
whistles, an<l the shores apjieared black 
with peo])le wdiose \'oices and hamlker- 
chiefs proclaimed their interest. W hile 
under the fanious Bro(.)kl_\'n bridge, so 
intense was the sound, it \-erily seemed 
as though every whistle valve in the 
harbor were held wide open. 

The J 'ly mouth reached her slip, or 
Pier Xo. 18, on the Hudson River side 
of New York at 8.15 a.m. Two hours 
are given to the unloading of baggage 
upon the wdiarf and then the next 



m<i\e in the pla}- is awaited. On the 
arri\al of the transport Saratoga the 
men go aboard, and again jiass arouncl 
the foot of New York Island and touch 
at Pier 17. East Ri\'er. where si.x coni- 
jianies. under C'olonel Clark, lanil. leav- 
ing the remaining six under the com- 
mand of Lieutenant-colonel ."shum- 
way, and the lialance of the dav is 
gi\'en to taking on board supplies, as 
directed by Captain Barrett. At 6 
o'clock the Saratoga moves cjut and 
dro|)s anchor near r>edloe's Island, on 
which stands the statue of Liberty 
Enlightening the World. The Seventy- 
first Xew York was near 1)}' on board 
the City of \\'ashington and the Sene- 
ca. The long wait here of forty-eight 
hours is remembered with anything 
but pleasure. Punks arranged between 
decks were not exacth' luxurious ami 
the air was something to breathe light 
if possible. I'Xidently, no mtire ])repa- 
rations had lieen made for the recep- 
tion of the men than would have been 
taken for a load of cattle. Those who 
coulil crowd out on the deck slept there 
in the open air. Xo particular fault 
was found with the food. It was while 
lying here that the men learned what a 
boat steward could do for the comfcirt 
of men if well paid. Men paid as high 
as 13 cents for a glass of ice water, and 
]iie — well, it ranged from 50 cents 
upward. P'amiliar faces were not mi- 
known e\en (ju the transport, and 
while at Pier 17. Harr_\- Merritt. a for- 
mer member of the (iuards, came 
aboard to see how his old comrades 
kioked when on their way to real war. 
All were glad tci see him. 

( )n Saturday, the 14th. a change 
came o\ er the si^irit of the soldiers' 
dreams, f(.ir then the plan of going 
south by water was abandoned, and, on 
steaming to Jerse\- City, the men were 
soon transferred to the trains in wait- 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



19 




Captain Barrett and Caterer Y) 
-Camp Dewey. 
Fall in for Rations-Lakelan 
Hospital Tent-Lakeland. 



Drawing Rations — Lakel 
Lake Morton-Lakela 



20 WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

iiii;-. ami the jdurney south was he,c.-iin. transmittfrl from Rebellion sires to 
Anchor hail he.n wei.i;heil at 2 \).m.: Spanish War sons. The rations on 
the landins^- was eft'ecteil at 4.30. ami which the iourne\' was proa^ressing 
the lioys who had kejit (piick and were not np to the stamlard for hnn- 
oliser\-in,tj eyes ont for the Seventy- g-ry, vio-orfnis young men. Thev were 
first New York rejoiced that Massachu- fair in (|ualit}-. but the quantity, ah! 
setts still had the jireference and the there was the rub. The authorities had 
right of the line, for the Second landed forgotten i,\hat hungry business rail- 
ami rolled out of the station first. roading is. What might have done for 
There was the usual crowd of enthu- a seasick, ocean triji was not sufficient 
siastic people shouting their approval for the land excursion. However, the 
of the proceedings, and at <).^o p.m., in stop at the ca]iital soon ended, and at 
three sections, the regiment was off. 7.50 a.m. the trains pusluMl along 
Colonel Clark, with Com|)anies 1\, C, southward, over the same way taken 
r, and 1), had the first section: Major by the soldiers of 1861, viz., the Long 
W hippie, having L, E, M and T, was liridge, and the first stop was in Alex- 
with the second, while Alajor Fair- anilria. Here, too. Southern people 
banks took charge of .\, C. F and H in are ready to give real live Yankees the 
the third. The\- were not sleeping- heartiest kind of a greeting. At 
cars to which the men were assigned, L'herry Hill there was a wait of suffi- 
and close, crampeil seats, though each cient length for those who wish to take 
man had one to himself, were not a bath in the nearby creek. The stop 
exactly the thing for comfort, but all is to enable the second sectiiju of the 
managed to get scmie sleeji, enough so regiment to come up. At Portico 
that thev had little idea of Philadelphia bmuiuets are received in exchange for 
ami Paltiniore, through which they hardtack, each one giving that of which 
])assed during the night. Massachu- he had the most. If only some vet- 
setts was in better favor with the eran (if the Rebellion coidd have been 
dwellers in that latter city than she along to describe the country through 
was in 1861. which the train was passing! For 
Washington dawns o]i the sight of every stopping-|)lace is fraught with 
the tra\elers at 5.JO a.m., ami it (Ii<I not memories of the fierce struggle of 
take long to disembark, for near at nearly forty years ago. I'redericks- 
haml was a bakery, which, with ])ass- burg. .Summit, -Milford, Clayti.m and 
ing milk wagons, makes an exceeding- .Stony Creek in X'irginia, with Wel- 
I\- hap|i\- combination. Fresh bread, don in .\orth I'arolina, are historic 
])ie, cake and milk afforded a breakfast names. In the latter city, supper was 
good enough for anv one. It is on rec- had. but the most enthusiastic recep- 
ord that one milkman, unwilling to sell tion was received in Selma in the old 
an\- of his >tock, not onlv tried to dri\e Xorth .^tate, where refreshments were 
off, but, in lashing his horse to get serx-ed and bou(|uets were given, many 
awav, actuallv whi]i|>eil some of the of which had scrajis of ]:)aper attached, 
hmigry blue-coated bo\s. just how it Ijearing the words, "Remember the 
hai)pened no one has told, but. strange Maine." I-~ayette\ille, X. C. is noted 
to sav, that milkman's cans appeared in passing, and I-'Iorence, S. C, where 
on the train after its departin-e. Pos- in the earlier da_\s L'nion men suft'ered 
siblv the science of foraging had been so horribly in the detestable prison 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



21 



located there. ()lil issues were forgot- 
ten in the supreme thought of the sub- 
ject on which both North and South 
were agreed. Xu thoughts of former 
sufferings prevented the heartiest of 
greetings at every stop. The Potomac 
had marked the dividing line between 
home and Southern weather, ami from 
that point downward the cars were hot 
and filled with dust. Init even the latter 
could not hide from vigilant eyes the 
beauties of the passing scenery. 
Amid so much that was new few 
remembered that the day was Sunilay. 
The morning of the 15th finds our 
Worcester boys in Sa^"annah, Ga.. 
where hot coffee is served. Watches 
had to be set back one hour, <-iwing to 
the difference in standard time. Still 
progressing steadily southward, the 
train passes through Alarion, Dupont, 
Forest and Alexanderville. in Georgia, 
and Baker's Mills. Jasper, Livoar. 
High Spring, etc.. in Florida, till Lake- 
land, the destination, is reached, at 11 
p.m.. and the remainder of the night is 
passed upon the cars. The following 
day revealed scenes peculiar to the 
Land of Flowers. The soil looks like 
white sand. Long, gray moss hangs 
in great masses from the trees, while 
the forests seem to be composed of 
scrubby pines. To many of the sol- 
diers the prospect was as strange and 
weird as it was. hundreds of years 
before, to Ponce de Leon, when he 
here sought the fountain of }outh. 
Lakeland, located in Polk County, in 
the western side of Florida and at the 
junction of two railr<jads. well deserves 
its name, for a large part of the coun- 
try, apparently, is under water. 

Though the earliest v(3lunteers to 
arrive, the regulars were ahead of the 
Second, and the men of the Tenth Cav- 
alry, with their horses, were much in 
evidence. -Men of all shades oi com- 



plexion cro\vde<l the streets of the 
small though bustling village. Soldier 
and citizen jostled each other in their 
respective occupations. It was not till 
9 a.m. that the men left their trains 
and marched a short distance from the 
town, and on the shores of Lake Mor- 
ton pitched their tents. The trees, 
moss-laden, were tall, and thick 
enough to keep out the sun by day and 
the dew at night. Recognition of the 
changed climate was had in the substi- 
tution of brown canvas uniforms for 
the regulation blue. Scarcely had 
camp been arranged than the boys 
sampled the clear waters of the lake in 
the wav nf much appreciated baths. 
They had not as }'et thdught of alli- 
gators, but \\hen, one day, a big ten- 
footer showed his uglv jaws, swim- 
ming across the lake, till then a favor- 
ite pastime, became decidedly unpop- 
ular. Colonel Embur}' Clark recalls 
the h(_ime State in giving to the newly- 
tented field the name. "Camp Massa- 
chusetts." 

Till Ma\- 30th this was the regimen- 
tal 111 line. Hard work was not ])ut 
upon the boys too quickly. There was 
a bit of delay, that the new-comers 
might become acclimated and used to 
their surroundings; but regular camp 
hours and regulations were estab- 
lished. At first man_\- letters were 
written hi.ime and much talking was 
done as to the future of the regiment. 
There was some drilling on the first 
dav in camp, and Captain liarrett was 
the xnry first officer of the day. May 
igth brought the latest news from 
home in the shape of the "\\'orcester 
Telegram." and the boys cheered 
tuniultuously at the sight of the 
"Gram." "Worcester's ( )nly." whose 
[jages had never looked half so attrac- 
tive before. Later, resolutions of 
thanks were adopted for the daily gift 



22 



WORCESTER T\ THE Sl'AXlSH WAR. 




•:. I.CllRTSTENS 


ON. 


K. .\. -1 


ORKELSON. 


( 


. W. 


Pavi 


\Vm. 11. .Mors 




\\m. T 


Turner. 


W 


R. 


OHNS 


I-KFIJ-K K. Ua^ 


s. 


Ernes 


T B. Hall. 


.\ri 


nuR 


C. M 



ENLISTED .MEN. Cn.\ir.\NY A. 



CITY GUARDS, COMPAXY 



23 



of fifty copies. Camp is a favorite 
place for tlie townspeople to visit, 
and the\- never tire of makinof compar- 
isons between the Seventy-first Xew 
York and the Second, and snmeliow 
the Empire State appears to suft'er by 
the contrast. Gradually, the men set- 
tle down to a routine of drill and 
study and such variations as fatisjue 
and other duty ma\- alTord. The cook- 
ing department is in the hands of Pri- 
\-ates Mills and Lamberton. The for- 
mer had been a prc^spector in Montana 
and is no novice in his responsible 
position. All are loud in their praises 
of the bread, biscuits, roast beef, 
mashed potatoes and coft'ee which they 
receive at stated intervals. Luxuries, 
however, come high, and lo cents is 
the regular price for a cube of ice four 
inches square, though eggs may l>e had 
at from 9 to 40 cents a dozen, the cost 
evidently ranging along the line of age 
in inverse ratio. 

The scarcitv of fruit is a matter of 
considerable remark, and it was ]iopu- 
larly thought that all that could be 
sold North had been sent there. 15ut 
if there was no fruit, the same could 
not be said of bugs and insects. They 
abounded in all shapes and sizes. 
Laundry operations were had in the 
river hard by. That the I'.ay State 
might maintain its long-deserved rep- 
utation for well-informed soldiers, 
there was early established a school of 
the company and also one of the sol- 
dier. 

The first death in the regiment was 
that of Private Wesley S. Brass of 
Company L on the 21st. Naturally, 
the sad event made a deep impression 
on the men. who recognized thus how 
near they were to the grim destroyer. 
On the next day, funeral services were 
held by Chaplain \\'eIlwood at 9.30, 
and, with a detail from each company, 



the remains were escorted to the sta- 
tion, where the\' were ]daced in care 
of the express company for ship- 
ment to Westfield, the late home of the 
deceased. After ta]is sounded 1)V 
Chief Musician Richardsim. the men 
marched sadly l)ack to their camp. 
^^'ith willing hearts the boys chipped 
in tn help pav the expenses home of 
the bn(I\- (if their comrade. 

The fciUdwing is the first promul- 
gated (iriler for the day's observance: 

A. M. I'. M. 

RevL-illc. - - 4.25 Dinner, - - 1^.00 
March, - - 4.55 Guard mount. 

Assembly, - - 5.00 ist call, - - 5.40 

Breakfast. - - 5.15 .-\ssembly, - - 5.45 
Surgeon's call, 6.00 Retreat, ist call, 6.00 
1st Sergeant's Assembly 

call, - - 6.45 roll call, - - 6.05 

Drill. 1st call (Sat- Supper, - - 6.15 

urday and Sun- Tattoo, - - 8.30 

day excepted 1 , 7.00 Taps, - - 9.00 

Assembly, - - 7.05 

Recall, - - 9.30 

The first dress-parade caiue May 
2(>th. and won deserved praise. It 
was had in the street adjacent to the 
camp and was followed by a short 
street jiarade. In the evening the 
band of the Tenth V . S. Cavalry (col- 
ored) gave a very enjoyable concert. 
On the 2<;th came remembrances from 
home in the shajie of a box of food for 
.\. (i. Thomson and C. A. Fischer, also 
the anninmcement that camp would be 
bmken the next day. Thus it was at 
5.30 in the morning of the Northern 
Memorial day that tents were struck 
and jireparations for departure claimed 
everv hand. The next camping place 
for the Second is in Ybor City, a sub- 
urb of Tampa, and the train is left at 
4 p.m. Then comes a march of about 
one mile through the sand, a fatiguing 
and disagreeable trip. The sand was 
reallv ankle deep, and the water, 
brought through pipes laid on the top 
of the ground, though not at the boil- 



24 WORCESTER IN THE SPAN'ISII WAR. 

ino- pitch, soiiietiines seemed to be not full of moisture. However, it takes a 
far from it. Xo dinner was served, deal to completely phase a Yankee sol- 
and su])per did not come till 7.15. The dier. and these boys of Company A 
new camp is pitched on the edge of a were not without resources, for they 
wood, and on either si<le are re!.;-iments proceedeil ti> use certain wood which 
of regulars, lune ist ga\e the boys the_\' found, in l)uilding a roaring fire. 
a taste of a Florida rainstorm, wdiich around which they disported them- 
flooded the streets and tents. No selves, keeping, at least that side near- 
retreat was sounded. It was not nee- est the fire, tolerably warm, and 
essary. Tune 4th was noteworthy, as through it all the men kept their tem- 
on that day Uncle Sam paid a month's per. They were growing ])hilosophi- 
wages to his Massachusetts boys — cal. 

$15.60 per man — and they were happy. The sun of the 7th of June was 
Orlo \\'. Davis is detailed for service shining upon the limken camp. There 
in the I'. S. Ambulance Corps. The was no reveille, for the men were 
next (lav ^'bor Citv was placed under already up. lireakfast's bill of fare 
martial law on account of a riot the was short, only hardtack and cottee. 
night before. .Manv of the company and nothing was so much desired as 
obtained i)as^es and went to Tam])a the command. "I-'orward." Every- 
t(j make purchases, or to send their thing has an end. and there came at 
money home. Though the ilay was last an en<l to tedious waiting, and at 
Sundav, evervthing was running wide 4.30 p.m. the long-expected came. At 
open. 5 o'clock ranks are formed and the 
After a dav of drill and regular regiment marches away from Ybor 
round of duty, at 6 p.m. came the City to the train, which transports our 
orders to break camp and be ready to boys to Tampa, reaching the latter 
leave at <> o'clock. The order was place at 10 p.m. The boat for the 
(piicklv obeyed, and in an hour all recei)tion of the soldiers was not in 
were ])re|)ared to march. Knapsacks readiness, hence another uncomforta- 
were discanled ami the necessary ble night followed, happily the last on 
under-clothing, with blankets, rubber IHorida soil. Sleep was had as best it 
blankets and shelter tents, a so-called could be found, on docks and in ware- 
horse collar was formed which \\'as houses, in some cases the men accom- 
readilv slung over the shoulder. niodating themselves not only to liales 
Ammunition lioxes were opened and of merchandise, but to the liresence of 

solid f 1 for the enemy in the shape army mules as well. ^\ hile military 

of fortv-fi\e roumls per man was life lays stress on many fine class dis- 

issued. r.ut there is many a slip tinctions. it effectually erases others, 

'twixt cup and Ii]i, for (j o'clock came. Still as these young men had not left 

and there w:is no sign of departure. comfortable homes with the exiiecta- 

Hour after h.iur passed, till finally the tious of luxuries, they were by no 

night haltingly v\ent b\ and _\et the means cast down. 

men waited. They had jiacke-l u]i all There was no necessity of telling the 

their a])pliances for comfort. They boys when the morning of the 8th of 

dared not nn]>ack lest forward com- June arrived, for their slumbers had 

mands shcjuld fiml them unprejiared. not been of that luxurious character 

The night was \erv cold and the air that they were disposed to repose in 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



25 




COND LlEUTEN 



YBOK CITY. FLORIDA. 



tlie arms of Morpheus one minute 
longer than darkness lasted, hence 
they were iij) with the sun. and in man}' 
cases some time before. Tampa Bay. 
always beautiful, never loeiked more 
lovely than under the ra}-s of this 
morning's sun. Added ti_i the beauties 
of nature, were the wurks of man in 
the shape of many transpc.irts and war- 
ships at rest or in moti(>n. but all there 
for the ])urpose nf furthering the cause 
which has brought these Massachu- 
setts boys ancl thousands of others 
from their far-away homes. There is 
the accustomed round of earl}' duties, 
and the full complement of "falling in" 
and "right dressing." marching hither 
and thither, till there finally comes the 
welcome order for the 3d I'.attalion 
to go on board the Concho, Xo. 14. at 
2 o'clock p.m. The boat must have 
been rated as an omnibus, always ca- 
pable of receiving more, for alreail}' on 
board were the 4th U. S. Infantry and 
the 25th (colored) Infantr\. "I'irst 
come, first serx'ed," was the rule here 



as elsewhere, and for the latest comers 
there remained only the hold, which 
was below the water-line, and it was 
oh ! so hot ! ]"or once in their li\'es, 
the soldiers realized what the lUack 
Hole of Calcutta meant. I'resh air was 
scarce, and what little there was soon 
fouled. The old law of self-preserva- 
tion prevailed here, and it was a C(im- 
mon thing to find some gasping private 
with his body thrust into the opening 
of the great canxas tube down which 
the wind sails were supposed to fur- 
nish needed air. The impression one 
had at the sight was that of a human 
being entering the jaws of some giant 
constrictor. Of course, he couldn't 
stay there long, for some other equal- 
ly suffering man would yank him back, 
that he might get his place. Till that 
day. many had had no adequate no- 
tions of Dante's Inferno. nor of the heat 
of Sheol. as rendered in the modern 
version. The bunks, extending from 
the floor to the ceiling, were three and 
fi\'e deep, according to location, and 



26 



WORCESTER IN THE SI'ANISII WAR. 



the allexs, lictween tiers, were so nar- 
niw that two men could pass each 
other (inly by cri iwdins;'. ('"icneral 
Shatter with his inmiense tii^iire would 
have still 1(1 nn chance there. 

I'.ut liefore the tidl fi.rce nf this heat- 
ed hole was realized, there was much 
to do in the way of Inadint;' the trans- 
|)ort with ]ir(i\isiiins fur the trip. .\lso 
there had to he put (in bnard all the 
outfit fur Cuban cam|)s. It was a loiiij 
and tiresome task, for some of the cars 
were quite a (piarter of a mile away. 
.\s usual, wdien there was work of this 
kind t(i be ddiie, Captain Harrett was 
in charg"e. and before the same was 
o\er his Yankee ingenuit\- and nerve 
stood him an(l his men well in hand, 
for. mountins;' a locomotix'e that ap- 
peared til be leadinc;^ an aimless exist- 
ence, he directed the enijineer ti i move 
up and draw the cars down to the 
wharf. The ilri\er at first demurred, 
sayini;' he wnuld just like to know who 
was running' thiui^'s there an\\va\-. fi ir 
first he was ordered to do one thin;:;' 
and then another, till he was .all mixed 
u]i, but our Captain, in his conxincing- 
way. made him believe that the change 
of position was the iimper thing, 
and the cars were brought where the 
trips became much shorter, and Xew 
England's labor-saxing abilit\ was ex- 
emplified. W here all work with a will, 
much can be done, and the matter was 
.all finally loaded and ]iers]iiration and 
backaches were speedily forgotten. 

With men .and rations on board, the 
Concho steams oiU into the harbor, and 
as she mii\es ;i\va\" there are long and 
hearty numds of a|)iilause from the 
shore and from the other transports, 
loaded or waiting. The brass bands 
on the vessels play popular airs, and 
war does not seem to be such a 
terrible affair after all. Well out in 
the l.)ay at anchor, the transport waits 



while darkness settles down on the 
(iuard's first night upon the waters. 
I'.ad as the quarters were, they were 
enjoxed at first, so wearied were the 
men fmm their marchings, lack of 
sleep, and the labors incident to the 
loading of the craft. Slee]i closed every 
e\eli(l till i o'cloek in the morning of 
the (jth. when there came a report that 
a Sjianish fleet was at the entrance of 
the haw The .Vrmada of old could not 
have thrown the dwellers of southern 
F.ngland into greater consternation 
than did this baseless rumor the sleep- 




the 



!""■ 



ma 
lire 



in the (lingy depths of the Concho. 

the dispatch boat h'earless came 
order directing the \essel back to 

doek. Uack she went, and that 
might enter the slip without 
.■ucliing oft' the coverings to the 
t-holes, they were all carefully 
sed. The eft'ect upon the interior 
v l)e imagined. W hat had been 
adful. now became unendurable. 



CITY GUARDS, COIIPANV A. 



27 




■ilTI \i. TEXT. laki;lami 



AH effiirts to reach the ileck were pre- 
vented by a stalwart culored sentinel, 
who, with his bayonet, hail orders to 
keep all below. So intense and stiflins;" 
was the heat that men lost their 
senses and were ilriven into delirinni 
or nnconsciousness. Again. Yankee 
wit helps out, for by connivance be- 
tween snrgeon and cifficers. it takes ten 
or twelve men to help each man. over- 
come by the heat, to the deck for re- 
coverv. By jndicious management, 
the sufferers are all allnwed again to 
breathe the free air of heaven. ( )n 
further inspection, the surgeon de- 
clared the lower quarters unfit for oc- 
cupancy, and the men were permitted 
to bestow themselves on the upper 
deck, above the space allotted to the 
officers. The loss of bunks was not 
thought of in the luxury of air — just 
air, that is usually considered the most 
common and the cheapest of all neces- 
sities. All day the boat lay at the 
dock, and at nightfall came a liatch of 
U. S. mail, ever welcome. The day's 
routine as ordered was as follows: 



A.M. 








P.M. 


Reveille, ist call, 5.45 


Guard ni 


>unt 


IS 


t 


Roll call, 6.00 


call. 






,^45 


Breakfast, 6.15 


.Assemhl 






4.00 


Surgeon's call, 7.00 


Retreat. 


1st c 


all 


6.00 


First Serg't's call. 8. 00 


Roll call 






6.05 


Co. inspection. II. 00 


Supper. 






6.15 


Dinner, 12.00 m 


Tattoo. 
Taps. 






8.00 
9.00 



One of the features of the inspection 
was the novel one of considering the 
feet of the men. Some of the old "sore- 
toes" of the Civil War would have 
looked upon this as the rankest tyr- 
annv, but lie that as it may the Massa- 
cluisetts 2(1 started awa}- with the John 
Wesley maxim, that cleanliness is next 
to Godliness, firmly fixed in mind and 
practice. Ilarefonted, the lueti wore 
ranged in line, and literally, from head 
to foot, they were inspected. \\'hat 
would lia\e happened to the unfortu- 
nate whose patterers could not pass 
muster is unknown, for no underpin- 
ning were found so untidy as to neces- 
sitate an order to "go soak your feet," 
though a frecpient quiz among the boys 
was, "Are vour feet clean?" 



28 



WORCKSTICR IN TH I-: SI'.WISII WAR. 




I.|;A\ IM, I.AKi;i, AMI 



The rations ci insist of hanltack. 
canned baked heans, "]>rinie roast 
beef," and cntTee. The beans were 
good, and tiieir nnly faibntj was their 
scantiness; the ruast l)eef was "prime" 
only by name, like the "hot niinee pie" 
of the western restanrant. which was 
neither hot nor mince. It will be re- 
membered that, to the indignant L;'uest 
\\ hi 1, with ap|ietizino' memories of his 
e.'irly days, had ordered it, and tindinj; 
himself Confronted with a nondescript 
bit of tilled |iie crust had protested, the 
burly waiter said, ■■\'ou needn't i^'et sci 
Cocky, that's just its name." Water 
for drinking;- .-ind culinary |)nrposes is 
distilled sea-w.ater, and a little of it 
g(.)es a lon.i;- way. L'ldd. it couM be 
used, but warm, it \vas positi\cl\- nau- 
seating. In the "canteen," on ship- 
board, there are two or three iiundred 
bottles of la.!;er, ke]it up. pu ice, and 
though they -.ivr held at J3 cents each, 
it iloes not t;d<e ;i boat-load of several 
hundred men ;l i^re.-it wJuK' to unload 
the entire supply, ami when the alter- 
native of n;uiseatiu_Lr hot sea-water is 
considered, the most pronounced total 



abstainer couhl hardly blame these 
younu;" men if the}' imbibed anythin;;' of 
a eoolius- nature. The recorded trilni- 
lations of I)i\es dittered only in degree 
from those of these heat-famished 
boys, and they bought not only lager, 
but were willing to [)a_\' the demanded 
price of from ten cents to twenty-fix'e 
cents for a drink of ice-water. Though 
long an.xious to reach the ship's deck, 
the bo\s were not finding life on "the 
brin\" au\' ti )• 1 halc\'i m. 

Inne to was noteworthy in that at 
3.43 ]i.m. came an order to mo\'e away 
from the wharf, all danger from S])an- 
ish fleets having \anished. Also it is on 
reconl that the coi>k undertook the dif- 
ficult feat of making cofi'ee with salt 
w.'iter. The strength of the berry was 
not sufficient to oxercome the saltness 
of the sea, an<l hence the men went 
eofteeless. a hardship difficult for the 
axerage la\inan to a]ipreciate. The llth 
brings a bright morning, and the glori- 
ous appearance of thirty transports, 
cruisers, gunboats, and other craft at 
rest or mo\ing about the ba_\'. It gives 
the men a buo\ ant feeling to realize 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY 



29 



that they arc a jiart ui such a \-ast 
array which will soon launch itself 
against the nation's foe. In the fore- 
noon comes the brigade commander. 
and a thorough inspection of the (|uar- 
ters assigned to the 3d I'.attalion. and 
said aggregation is not very imhappy 
at the announcement that the ipiarters 
are not fit for their use, and that they 
are to go on board another vessel. At 
10.25 the Concho moves further up the 
bay and drops anchors. 

June I2th, in the morning, comes the 
welcome order to pack up, and the men 
had long been ready when the Knicker- 
liocker, at 12 m., ranged alongside the 
Concho. The new boat could not offer 
anv worse accommodations, for any 
kind of a change was an improvement, 
and the name was decidedly reminding 
of Washington Irving and his immor- 
tal story of early New York. At 3 p.m. 
the work of transferral of baggage from 
the old to the new quarters begins, and 
takes the entire afternoon. Being first 
on board, the boys of the 3d Battalion 
had their pick of location, and they 
chose the l:)ow of the boat, a choice 
that they maintained, though, later, ef- 
forts were made to dispossess them. 
The old adage of possession and the 
nine points of law fully applied. Even- 
ing brought a characteristic Florida 
shower, in which the rain came in tor- 
rents. The drinking-water proxidcd is 
direct from the Mississippi river, and 
though somewhat muddy it is a great 
improvement on the Concho's distilled 
sea-water. Changed and improved 
quarters pro<Iuce a marked elevation in 
the spirits <if the men. The next day, 
or the 13th, the Knickerbocker dropped 
down the bay and cast anchor near the 
C)rizaba for the purpose of taking on 
board the ist Battalion of the Second. 
Following the transferral of our C(_im- 
patriots, the vessel steamed up to the 



wdiarf, and proceeded to take on board 
necessary supplies for the projected 
trip. The task took the entire night, 
ancl, on account of the noise, no one got 
a wink of sleep. The supplies consisted 
of hardtack, ])(Ttatoes, coffee, bacon, 
l)eans, tobacco, etc., and it was a note- 
worthy fact that the most perishable of 
all these articles were placed furthest 
away or in the most inaccessible places. 
Apparently the stevedore-in-chief had 
little Comprehension of the needs of the 
larder. While the lading was in prog- 
ress, a steam-pipe leading from the 
boiler to the derrick burst, and a great 
excitement followed. Added to the 
noise of the explosion was the blinding 
steam, and a stampede was only nar- 
rowdy averted. As it was, one of the 
gangways was l^roken, and several men 
were tumbled into the water. The 
worst result of the entire affair was the 
loss by Lieutenant Fish, Company H, 
of his eyeglasses. 

Eight o'clock in the morning of the 
14th came the orders to move at once, 
but the moving out into the bay at 8.30 
and the dropping of the anchor at 12 m. 
is as near as we came to compliance. 
A military "at once" is a queer thing. 
Four o'clock comes, and with it an 
order. Iiorne by the dispatch boat Hor- 
net, to take our place in the line of 
vessels. Over waveless waters the 
Knickerbocker steams to her position, 
and the long line of black-hulled crafts 
moves slowly out through the winding 
channel, bearing what was to do their 
part towards ending four centuries of 
Spanish misrule in America. There 
are thousands of people upon the 
wdiarves, and every one is cheering. 
From the decks come responsive shouts, 
wdiile each one of the twenty boats is 
doing its best to keep up the glorious 
harmony. The rigging is black with 
soldiers, who have clambered there for 



30 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




A. T. SguiEES. 


R. C.Green. 


11. E. Wheei 


1-. C. Gagnon. 


Corp. J. C. Hagberg. 


S. A. Walla 


Wm. W. Rice. 


F. L. Fairbanks. 


W. T. Bru 



ENLISTED MEN'. ed.MlWNV A. 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



31 



a farewell look at nati\'e land. Soon 
the outer waters of the Gulf are 
reached, and the ships are formed in 
three columns, 400 feet apart, with the 
flagship. Annapolis, at the head, flanked 
bv the Castine and the Helena. .\ fleet 
of torpedo boats patrols the outer 
waters and acts as dispatch boats l)e- 
tween the transports and the navy 
proper. Reaching the waters of the 
gulf was the signal for many cases of 
seasickness, for the surface was rciugh, 
and few of these lads were possessed 
of sea-legs. Though the sight of the 
long lines of steadily-moving steamers 
was one to be remembered, the arrange- 
ment was not unfraught with danger, 
as was evident when the one ahead of 
the Knickerbocker suddenly stopped, 
tlierebv narrowly escaping a collision 
with the Irving named. With the ex- 
ception of those who were paying in- 
voluntary tribute to Old Neptune, the 
men are happy and serene, many of 
them sending final letters home b}' the 
])ilot on his departure. \\'hile the day 
has been fair, it is followed by rain at 
night. Early in the nmrning of the 
15th, a craft crossed the l)ciw of the 
Knickerbocker, just escaping a crash. 
and the boys begin to think her num- 
ber, 13, a hoodoo. Naturally, excite- 
ment followed, and many a dream of 
home and mother was ruined by that 
"close shave." .\t 6 a.m. a distant 
light is pointed out as that of the Dry 
Tortugas, and any old soldier of the 
Rebellion could have enlightened the 
lads about him with stories of how the 
desolate islands were used during the 
strife of i86i-'65. The day is clear 
and warm, and more men are con- 
vinced, through troubles of their own, 
of their possessions in the way of 
stomachs. The i6th brings rougher 
weather, and consequently a larger 
throng by the rail gazing down into 



the sea. This da\- came the orders that 
each man of Company .A must sleej) 
in his liunk, seemingly a harsh and un- 
necessary command, for the deck was 
so niucli cooler and more ])leasant. 
Perhaps in later months, the relief 
from severe malaria that these men 
enjoyed, as compared with others, 
may have reconciled them to the seem- 
ing hardship. To unacclimated peo- 
ple, southern night air is unhealthful. 
whether on land or sea. Food, such 
as it was, came at regular intervals, 
but the men as a rule were not craving 
their rations. The so-called "roast 
beef" was a study in itself. On the 
top of the newly-opened can was a 
layer of something like jelly : when this 
was cleared away there was displaved 
a watery mass in which apparently 
floated liits of beef, stringv and 
flabby. The sight was not alluring 
then, and the memory is nauseat- 
ing now. K\en beans, without vine- 
gar (ir other relish, liad lost their 
charms. 

June 17th, in Massachusetts recog- 
nized as Bunker Hill's day, was not 
celebrated as such on the Knicker- 
l.iocker. At 9.30 laml is sighted, and at 
12.30 is seen what is said to be Point 
Mulas light on Cuban soil. Very like- 
ly the event had no connection with the 
da}-, but in this forenoon, at 9.30, the 
bugle blew an alarm, and everv man 
came tumiiling up from his middeck re- 
gions armed with his fidl equipment, 
and it was to the credit of the regiment 
that the line was completely formed in 
five minutes and twenty seconds. How 
surprised each man looked as he pro- 
jected himself through the hatchway 
and sought his place in line. Every 
face seemed to be asking. "\\'ell, what's 
up now? Have we at last sighted 
Cervera, and is it a boarding squad that 
we are to form?" To add seriousness 



32 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



to the scene, a canni:)n slmt is heard in 
the front, ami even those who had 
ordered the formation had reason to 
think, for a few moments, that possibly 
they had builded better than they knew. 
The shot, however, proved to be one 
fired at a strange craft, which, on being 
overhauled, was allowed to go on its 
way unharmed. 

It was on this day that the officers' 
mess lost their dinner, or at least a part 
of it, through the theft of certain hun- 
gry enlisted men. Though the roasts of 
beef afforded by the cook were not of 
strictly first-class order, having been 
kept entirely too long, still it was eat 
this or nothing. So while at noon day 
they were awaiting the entry of the 
roast, the cook came in, exclaiming in 
a desperate way, "My G— , the men 
have stolen the meat." It appears that 
the surroundings had been carefully 
examined, and the plans were well laid, 
for at the auspicious moment, they had 
with a boat-hook deftly lifted the roast 
to their deck, and had speedily made it 
play the grand disappearance act. 
Certain pleased and satisfied counte- 
nances in the later hours indicated 
where the meat had gone, but suspi- 
cions would not convict. Hence the 
marauders went scathless. 

At I o'clock p.m., land is again 
seen, and in the early evening a range 
of mountains appears to arise from the 
sea. However anxious the men were 
to get away from Florida, now they 
were ecpially desirous of stepping on 
dry land again. The rear of the three 
columns is brought u]) by several trans- 
])(_)rts towing lighters, and, sometimes, 
the latter become unruly and are man- 
aged with difficulty. .\t such times 
the whole fleet has to pause long 
intervals, frecpiently hours, while the 
trouble is righted. The i8th is Satur- 
dav, and so far as outside matters are 



Concerned is ipiite uneventful. 1 he of- 
ficers do not find their i|uarters so good 
as those aflforcled them on the Concho, 
being close and stuffy. The Knicker- 
bocker is an old, condemned Mississip- 
pi steamer, impressed into her present 
vocation, but the knowledge that the 
men are so much !)etter ofif is some 
compensation for their own inconven- 
ience. To the end that cleanliness might 
be maintained, the officers had arranged 
a kind of bath, where with a line of 
hose and something like an old-fash- 
ioned garden engine, the men gave each 
other shower baths each da}-. The of- 
ficers had the same from 7 to 8 a.m., 
while the men had washed each other 
down from 5 to 7 in the morning. Some, 
unknowing to the difference between 
ordinarv soap and that adapted to sea- 
water, at first resumed their uniforms 
with their bodies thoroughly larded 
with soap, and with no great opinion 
of salt-water bathing any way. It was 
on this day that all were afforded the 
rare sight of a water-sjiout in motion. 
Luckilv the experience was confined to 
sight only. Sunday brings continued 
visi(.ins of land in the distance, but no 
])rospect of setting foot upon it. There 
is no religious service, and the entire 
dav is given to speculation and conjec- 
tures concerning the passing landscape. 
Each vessel carries a signal officer, 
hence communicatii.:)n between the dif- 
ferent members of the fleet is possible, 
if not too far apart. In these later 
(lavs of wireless telegraphy, the signal 
service liids fair to become a lost art. 

Monda\-, the 20th, brought the fleet 
to the entrance to Santiago harbor, 
se\en or eight miles away. It is early 
in the morning that the goal is reached, 
and to energetic young America there 
seems to be no reason why they should 
not go ashore. Alas for their expecta- 
tions, there were long hiiurs vet to be 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY 



33 



spent aboard their floating prisons. It 
was a long and hot day that the ves- 
sels passed under that tropical sr.n. At 
5.45 p.m. orders were received by tlie 
government tug Osceola to steam out 
into the Atlantic a distance of ten 
miles or so, that the diflferent shi])s 
might thus avoid collision, liy steam- 
ing a certain number of Imurs in a 
given direction and then tacking at 
right angles, and repeating this course 
twice, each tack taking the same length 
of time, the crafts were brought back 
in the morning to pretty near their 
starting-point. ( )n the 21st the course 
of the 20th was inirsued, only Captain 
Betts of the "( )ld Knick." sailed so 
far out into the ocean that in the morn- 
ing his vessel was alone, and it took 
him hours to find his associates. Dai- 
quiri, Siboney and Santiago appear to 
be undergoing simultaneous shelling, 
the shores are blazing with flames, and 
the air throbs with vibrations. 

At last there comes a change ovc.- 
the spirit of the dreams of the Second, 
and it comes none too soon, for rations 
are getting low ; even the officers are 
living on two meals a da}-. \\ bile ly- 
ing oflf near Daicjuiri, at i p.m. on the 
22d, headquarters boat Xo. 12 steams 
alongside, and an officer tells Colonel 
Clark that they had been looking for 
him all the morning, and that he was 
to steam within a quarter of a mile 
from the shore, a command that was re- 
ceived with cheers. That afternoon all 
the men of the Second got oft", except 
those of the 3d Battalion, who, it will 
be remembered, were the first to board 
the steamer in Tampa Bay. The tow- 
ering and apparently rough and rocky 
mountains developed, as they were 
neared,into heights richly covered with 
the rankest tropical growths, and it is 
to the credit of the old Bay State that 
the first volunteer regiment to set foot 




Lni,. Embirv p. Clakk, 

on hostile soil was her glorious Second. 
There were regulars before us, Init no 
volunteers. .\t 5.30 on this day a trans- 
formation scene was beheld, rivaling 
anything ever seen in I '.lack Crook 
wonders, l-'rom the top of a block- 
house. siUMUounting a stee|) height at 
the right (.)f the landing at Daiquiri, was 
floating a Spanish flag. Some soldiers 
with a connnendable sense of the eter- 
nal fitness of things had climbed to the 
sp(_)t. and, the garrison having abscond- 
ed, thev had no trouble in liauling 
down the foreign eml)lem and in sub- 
stituting the Star-spangled Banner. 
Xot since Hooker's men threw out the 
flag of the 8th Kentucky from the nose 
of Lookout on the 25th of November, 
1863, had the glorious ensign Ijcen re- 
ceived with such acclaim. The valiant 
deed is ascribed to Major Lamothe and 
two of his men from the Rough Riders. 
The landing itself was effected with 
difficulty on account of the roughness 
of the sea. A steam launch from the 
cruiser Xew York, with a line of small 
boats in tow. comes to the side of the 
transport, and the men had to climlj 



WORCESTER IN THE STANISII WAR. 



^^^^ 




SKETCHED BY HENRY C. GROVER, CO. A. L AN DI N G-P LA C E 

down a r(i]ic ladilcr and tlnis tumble 
in as best the}- could. There was no 
standiui; < m the order of their going. 
InU tlie\- had ti) gii at otice or nut at 
all. When the Imats were filled they 
were drawn ntf towards the landing, 
where new dangers awaited them. Con- 
stant care was necessary to prex'ent the 
da.shing of the Ixiats against the iron 
]iier. Just the nunnent that the boat 
and tile landing were on a le\el, must 
be seize! to jump for it. .Ml military 
precision of movement was lost sight of 
in the efTort to get out of the boat and 
to the wharf with whole skins, .^ixty 
or seventy lioats might lie seen at once 
thus engaged in circling aro\nid and 
trying to land their men. Notwith- 
standing the utmiist care sexeral boats 
were shattered. ;[nd two eoloreil troop- 
ers were drowne<l.' From Co. .\ on 
this day landed ('aptain llarrett, I.ieuts. 
Tisdell and I'lnmnur, .^ertrts. .\llison 



*Corporal Edward Cobb, of Richmond. Va.. 
and Private John English, of Chattanooga, 
Tenn. Brave Captain O'Neill of the Rough 
Riders, who. a tew days later, was to fall at 
San Juan, did his best to rescue them, but 
without avail. Their bodies were recovered. 



AT Daiquiri. 

and I\iedl, and Pri^-ates Clapp, Brtiso 
and Tra\er. The remainder of the 
company were doomed to one night 
more with "Old Knick.," which steamed 
out aliout two miles from the shore. 

The last da\' on shipboard is not 
without incident, for in the excitement 
of the mrirning of the 23d. the captain 
of the shi]i just misses running into an- 
other vessel, also steaming for the 
shore. The prospect cif such violent 
landing is not relished liy the men or 
their officers, and when the excitement 
has subsided. Captain .Allen of the Light 
Infantry speaks his mind to the chief 
officer of the ship in uneijuivocal lan- 
guage, \ery much to the delight of 
those listening. However, the getting 
off was effected finally, and a happy lot 
of men they were as they again trod 
terra firiiia, e\-en though it was foreign 
soil ; and hnw good it seemed to be able 
to stretch one's legs again. \'ery little 
delay is had. howe\'er. and under the 
C(imman<l of Lieut. -Col. Shumway the 
3d liattalion starts to effect a union 
with the other two. Daiquiri is more 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



35 



in name than in fact, only a few scat- 
tering shacks of houses, and even these 
have been sadly shattered by the fire 
from the sjunhtiats. (.)n the march, at 
the top of a hill, near a roundliousc, 
are seen two wounded Spaniards, the 
first bloody e\'idence of warfare ever 
seen by the great majority of the men, 
and it were not strange if the sight had 
a somewhat sobering efifect. Here, too, 
was seen the first starving Cuban fam- 
ily. Having halted for a few moments, 
from a near-by rambling structure ap- 
peared to come a cry of human distress. 
Investigation revealed a mother lying 
helpless upon the floor, and near her 
was a wailing infant. Also there were 
three little girls and a boy, all more 
resembling skeletons than humanity. 
Openings through the roof and side of 
the house had been made by shells from 
the ships. Generous hands speedily 
offered the contents of haversacks to 
the starving sufferers. 

The roads are only trails or paths, 
and through the crookedest of such the 
march is made. The Second is ahead, 
till it drops in behind the 22d Regulars. 
Just before reaching Siboney there is a 
slight brush between the enemy and 
the troopers in advance, but it lasts 
scarcely more than ten minutes, the 
Spaniards giving \va\' and retreating 
beyond the tnwn, wliich is as tlod-for- 
saken a place as e}'e e\'er looked upon. 
The bombardment had ruined every- 
thing, an iron bridge had been cut and 
slashed bv shot and shell, and filth ap- 
parently here reigned supreme. A fit- 
ting place for a camp was hard to find, 
but one was found in which tents were 
pitched, and from the abundance of a 
certain kind of shell-covered life it was 
called "Crab Hollow."' 

Company A"s first night camp on 
Culjan soil will not be forgotten soon. 
New experiences were found everv 



hour. Hardly were the tents ])itched 
before rain began t<i f.ill in turrents. 
During the sleepless hcnirs which fol- 
lowed it was easy to review the march 
and scenes of the day. It was not far 
from l)ai((uiri that a small brook was 
encountered, and the boys learned that 
neither bridge nor jKinloon was in 
stock and that they must wade, and 
wade they did, with resultant water- 
filled shoes. .Some of these endjryonic 
sokliers, wholly unused to wet feet, 
and remembering early maternal in- 
junctions, halted long enough t(.i ex- 
change their wet socks for dry. Of 
course they were comfortable till they 
came, a fpiarter of a mile further along, 
to another runlet, and thereby, to 
another change. I'.ut the third stream 
put an end to all prudential pedal pro- 
visions, and, wet or dry, they trudged 
along. It was a new world that was 
opening to these Massachusetts men, 
and their eyes widened at the sight 
of cactus and chaparral, both distin- 
guished for their thorny, bayonet-like 
])rojections, warranted to pierce and 
cut like a knife. Cocoanut ])ahns were 
evervwhere conspicuous, and, ere long, 
the soldiers learned that the liquid 
contained in the green fruit was both 
cooling and palatable. Likewise they 
early discovered how to climb these 
same palms. 

It was at the noontime halt for din- 
ner that Private Wills, for obvious 
reasons ycleped ""The Bug Chaser,"dis- 
covered in the leafy heights of a tree 
a gorgeously colored serpent. True to 
his proclivities, he proclaimed his in- 
tentions of capturing that snake, and 
actually climbed the tree and brought 
the reptile down with him, a crawling 
ophidian fully four feet in length, and 
of the brightest hues — rather a ven- 
turesome proceeding in a strange land, 
and whollv ignorant as to the charac- 



36 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



teristics of the ohject ; but as all is well 
that ends well, the prixate was mil hit- 
ten, and the tragic part was confined 
to his snakeship. 

All sorts (if reasons ci:ins])ired to 
miu'der slee]) in this first ni.qht, prcinii- 
nent anion.s; them Ijein.;;' the nnloading 
of vessels in the (iftin.i;- (if Siboney. 
Strip]ied t< > their skins, volunteers 
worked thmui^h the entire night get- 
ting imt the ratiims and munitions nec- 
essarv f(ir the expedition ; all this un- 
der the rays (if search-lights from the 
gunhiiats. Perhaps nn one circum- 
stance ciintriliuted more l(i the men's 
disc(imf(_irt than the abundance i>\ land 
crabs, whose presence, indeed, had 
gained f(ir the camp its uneuph< ini( lus 
nanre. If the Spaniards ran away and 
left the C(jast clear f(.ir the Americans, 
the cralis did nut : rather did they come 
in large liattalidus to see and taste just 
wdiat these new comers were. Nor 
were they the tiny (ilijects familiar to 
the m irthern scIk lolbi >y wild on free(l( mi 
bent plays h(i(ik_\- alenig SdUie purling 
stream, but great big fellows with long 
pincers and staring eyes. How were 
these boys to know liut that they were 
as piiisdnous as their cousins, the tar- 
antulas? Td crdwn all, Lieut. Tisdell 
had a severe attack df insomnia, and, 
\\hdll\- unalile td Wdd the drdwsy god 
himself, he e\idently deterniined that 
Udue (ither shduld. It was a uigluldng 
race lictween the Lieutenant and the 
crabs, but it will ne\er be kudwn to 
which ]iarty the hdUdrs belong. The 
antipathy and disgust of a \\'(ircester 
boy at the contact of his flesh with the 
claws of a crustacean were intense, and 
aroused the keenest merriment in 
everybody exce|)t the one touched. 

While Lieut. T.'s orgies were at 
their height, and he was happy as a 
crab-chasing othcer could be, there 
came from a nearliv tent the liorrur- 



burdened cry. ".V light, a light!" What 
Cduld it be! X(itliing like it in agony 
had ever smote the ears of those lads 
before, and tliev hastened with the 
liglit-gi\ing tajier to investigate. Fol- 
lowing the ever-resounding call, they 
found the same pri:>ceeding from the 
tent of their popular Captain, who. a.\)- 
parenth', had struck either a nightmare 
or a se\ere attack of the colic. They 
found their bebived Captain lying on 
his back, and, with distressed e}-es, 
looking at (ine of his shoulders, on 
which had recently been perching 
something, what he knew not, but 
afraid of t;irantulas he preferred to 
lia\e a light before he brushe(l him 
awa\'. The \armint. unfa\( iralile to 
light. (|uicklv scuttled ott. disappearing 
under the edge of the tent. Whatever 
disposition to slee|i there may have 
been u]) to this moment, the foregoing 
episode eftectually destroyed, so crawl- 
ing out the boys stood around the 
camp-fires, sang songs, smoked, and 
talked of far-oi¥ Massachusetts and the 
folks at home till morning. 

June 24 is the date of the fight at 
Las ("luasanias. where Colonel Wood 
and his Rough Riders had their first 
encounter with the enemy. It has been 
stated that this engagement was not 
conteni]ilate(l by Ceneral Shafter. but 
was the result of the Wood-Rddsevelt 
over-eagerness to win renown, in a 
measure cuntrilnited to b}- the acquies- 
cence of Ceneral Wheeler. Be this as 
it nia\ . it is certain that the fight was 
on within hearing of the volunteers, 
and naturally they woiulered when and 
where they were to go in. but there 
were duties near at hand before they 
could inarch to the sound of the guns. 
Rations were to be drawn and dis- 
tributeil. and it w^as while cooking his 
breakfast that rri\ate Crover con- 
tributed no little 1(1 the mirth of his 



CITY GUAKDS, COMPANY A. 



37 



fellows. Always fund of well-cooked 
food, on this occasion he had planned 
for an unnsual dish, in fact, it was a 
lieef stew that he was contemplating, 
of which the first essential was some 
of the "prime roast beef" already re- 
ferred to. The soldier had chosen the 
site for his fire with great care, and 
everything was progressing finely, and 
his mouth was beginning to water for 
the toothsome combination when, 
presto ! up went fire, cup, stew and all. 
It appears he had made his fire just 
over the hole of a crab, which, under 




the provocation of excessive heat, 
leaped up and away, scattering brands 
and breakfast in his flight. The min- 
gled looks of astonishment, disgust 
and disappointment which overspread 
the private's face had made the fortune 
of anv one catching them in a snap 
shot. Alas! as usual, the kodak fiend 
was not looking. 

The surf-bathing was fine, and ofli- 
cers and men were not slow to improve 
it. One party included A"s commis- 
sioned officers and Major Fairbanks. 



They found the shore shelving rapidly, 
hence a very abrupt descent, but the 
temperature was genial, and no fear of 
sharks marred the pleasures of the dip. 
Everv one who indulged was better 
and cleaner for the rinse. The hasty 
departure of the enemy had prevented 
the complete destruction of their 
st(.)res, and aiuong them were several 
casks of wine, which inquisitive Yan- 
kees were not slow in finding and no 
fear of poison prevented sampling. 
Luckily, officers who knew the harm- 
fid efifect of indulgence in such stuflf in 
this climate, quickly ordered the same 
turned out upon the ground, nuich to 
the displeasure of some who hated to 
see so much good liquor wasted, A 
very small portion was saved for sub- 
sequent hospital use. At least one 
canteen in the ranks of A was found 
whose contents tasted of the casks, but 
the fluid had been so thoroughly di- 
luted that no evil results were felt nor 
apprehended. 

No feature of the unloading of the 
transports gave more pleasiu-e or 
awakenc<l mure interest than the man- 
ner m which the horses were brought 
ashore. As at Daiquiri, ranging along- 
side the piers was impossible, and the 
letting of a horse down into a small 
boat was impracticable, hence the only 
wa\- was t.i force him upon a platform 
and then run the same out till the 
weight of the animal overbalanced it 
and the steed dropped down into the 
water, when he must swim for it. some- 
thing wdiich he lost no time in doing. 
There was as much difference, however, 
in horses as in men, and some of the 
poor beasts, in their confusion, swam 
for a long time in circles, and a few 
went directly out to sea and were 
drowned, among the latter one of 
Lieut.-Col. Roosevelt's saddle-horses, 
Rain-in-the-Face. For the encourage- 



38 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR 



ment and guidance of tlic horses, as 
they were ,L;i\en their inxohmtary 
phin.fje. buglers were statimied upmi the 
shore to souinl the sta1>le-call as the an- 
imals reached the water, and in most in- 
stances the measure was effectual. The 
si.o'ht of horses with erect ears chang-ing 
their course in response to the familiar 
call was provocative of reflections upon 
the \alue of discipline among all crea- 
tures. Ijipeds as well as quadrupeds. 

W'hile the rumble of the guns was 
heard, there came o\'er the hills whence 
the sound seemed to pri.iceed. a rider 
on foaming steed, with arms and biidy 
torn and bleeding from contact with 
nature's weapons. gallo]Mng to the 
commander of the brigade, then Col. 
E. P. Clark of the 2d. and in breathless 
tones cries, "I ha\'e Ijeen sent fiir aid. 
Send reinforcements. For (iod's sake 
send 'em <piick!" Though the Colonel 
queried for a moment he soon ordered 
the 8th and 22t\ U. S. to advance, while 
the 2d Massachusetts was retained to 
guard the landing. The tents of those 
who were to march went down like 
magic, and in a trifle more than two 
minutes the troops were ready to move. 
\Vas there ever a time when troops 
in the field did not have trouble with 
their rations? Ilefore the same could 
be .listribnted at .'^ilione)-. the boys 
were on short commons, and had it 
not been for some foresight on leav- 
ing the Knickerbocker, certain of the 
A bovs had suft'ered. As it was they 
had none loo much, but the_\- were 
enough belter oft' than their Major 
Fairbanks, who was drixen to sharing 
the rations devoted to his horse. 

Rebellion recollections of Annap<_ilis 
and the deeds oi the Massachusetts 8th 
were roused in the ingenuit}- of our 
Worcester men. who. finding a dis- 
mantled locomotive, set to work to se- 
cure .-uid put together its component 



parts, in which eft'ort they were so suc- 
cessful that they siK.m had it running 
u]) and down the tracks. Again, the 
ircin bridge, which had been destroyed 
during the bombardment, was effectu- 
alU- repaired, under the direction of 
Cajit. Frank L. Allen of the Fight In- 
fantry. The AA'orcester liattalion could 
not onl_\- repair locomotive and bridge, 
but thev could ha\e constructed the 
same dc inn'o. and could have under- 
taken any other little job of skilled 
workmcmship which public exigency 
miglU have necessitated. Their soldier- 
ing was only an avocation : their tru.e 
calling was using their wits for up- 
fniilding rather than destro}'ing. 

As rations galore were on the shore 
an eipiipment for four days was given 
out, and the boys soon realized what 
too nuieh of a good thing meant. Each 
man was to carrv 130 rounds of ammu- 
nition : under his left arm he had a four- 
quart can of tomatoes: u])on his right 
shoulder was his gun ; hardtack and 
bacon disten.led his haxersack. while 
his roll of clothing crowned all. WhiO 
a sight for the folks at h(.>me. and how 
small a figure his real implements of 
war cut in all this outfit. The quantity 
of hardtack was so great that each man 
could not carry all of his share, and 
not wishing to lose any cjf the i)recious 
staff of life, for no one knew when he 
would get more, all sorts of artifices 
w-ere devised to retain it. To com- 
]>ass this end. long poles were secured 
and b\- means of nails, taken from the 
loosened covers of the tack boxes, with 
stones the poles were attached to the 
sides of the boxes, and the boys es- 
sayed the grand porter act, taking 
turns in the attempt to keep the thing 
going. Notwithstanding their etiforts. 
only a few of the boxes were thus car- 
ried safely through : the draft upon 
ner\-e and strength was ti.io great. 



CITY GUARDS. COMPANY A. 



39 



It was at 4 p.m. that the line of 
march was taken l)y our \'ohint^"ers, 
and thev liail not i^roceeded far before 
indications of the tight ahead began to 
appear in the shape of wounded men. 
Therewas one man wdio had se\en Ind- 
ict holes in or through him, 1nn the 
courage and good spirits of the men 
who had been hit were marvelous. The 
march is around rather than over the 
hill, and in column of twos, at times 
reduced to single file on account of the 
narrowness of the way, thereby in part 
to escape the lacerating edges of the 
omnipresent cactus. Our impressions 
of the Cuban patriot are not heightened 
by this trip, for while Americans are 
straining and toiling in his behalf he 
is feeding and resting. As ^lassachu- 
setts passes by, he is eating our "prime 
roast l)eef," and is wearing our cloth- 
ing, which the forced character of our 
marching has compelled us to throw 
away. In a word, the being whose mis- 
fortunes have brought us from com- 
fortable northern homes, before our 
very eyes has become a scavenger, and 
is disputing with turkey buzzards the 
refuse we have rejected. Truly the 
Cuban is not a noble creature ! ! ! 
Fighting seems to be furthest from his 
thoughts. They are the individuals 
against wdiom precautions must be 
taken when we are compelled to throv,' 
off haversack and rolls, for they woidd 
quickly possess themselves of every 
item. Such grateful beings are the}' 
for the service the United States is 
rendering them ! ! 

The march is a hard one and tells 
upon the men, but they plod manfully 
forward, up steep mountains with 
boulder-strewn trails, with ever-in- 
creasing traces of the fight. \"olun- 
teers are enduring the forced march 
quite as well as the regulars, and fhis 
gives a deal of satisfaction, for every- 




thing in army lines is rated (in or by 
the regular army standard. There was 
evervthing to make the marching hard 
and tiresome: mud, rocks, pitfalls 
and crowding cactus, but through it 
all the Second forged ahead. The 
shades of evening are gathering when 
the men reach the "sun-dial house." 
where the Rough Riders are jierform- 
ing the last rites o\er the liodies of 
their slain. 'Tis a gruesome sight : tin- 
blanketed forms, lying so stark and 
still, are somebody's darlings, and 
northern eves are to griiw dim for this 
dav's work. Did any one wonder if 
the game were worth the candle? \\ ho 
knows? The (|uavering notes of the 
chaplain as he intoned the service for 
the dead fitteil well into the descend- 
ing darkness, and "tajis." ever the sad- 
dest of army calls, sent many a chill 
through bodies that were not wont to 
ear. Here is the real in war : the en- 
listment, the parade, the departure are 
only the glamour. 

But this is not our camping place. 



40 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



since the Americans hail (h'iveii the 
eneinv some distance farther, and with 
added weariness the line is taken up 
a.cjain. For fully three miles, through 
difficulties like those of the earlier 
afternodu, the advance is made. If 
possiI:)le the later way is even harder 
than the earlier, and baggag-e, cheer- 
fully liorne till now, is thrown off and 
left behind. During the last half mile 
iif the march, smiie can endure the pace 
no longer, ami fall (nit. to come halt- 
ing in at a later hcjur. ( )ut of a slimy, 
dismal gidly the line of men at last 
emerges, and on a grassy plateau en- 
camps. Willingly would the men have 
thrown themselves upon the ground 
without tent (ir focid, but Company A 
is under stringent rule, and the tents 
have to go up, and the men are taught 
the value of personal care. They had 
])assed through their first forced march 
and thev had covered themselves with 
credit, but they were not |)luming 
themselves just then — thev were too 
tired. 

The mcjrning of the 25th lirings in- 
creased sense of weariness and the 
sight of Some of yesterday's work, for 
here are the liodies of some of the slain, 
among them those of Captain Capron 
and Sergeant Hamilton iMsh. both of 
the Rough Riders. As breakfast is in 
preparation there come to men of the 
Second nianv of the figliters in yester- 
day's fray, craving some of the iood 
brought with so much labor from Sib- 
oney. The Rough Riders had been 
ordered to throw oil their extra bag- 
gage, and as a consequence had been 
hungry since. ( )ur liovs would have 
Iieen inuiatur;il comrades if they had 
not (piickly ;ind willingly contributed 
of their own stores. The Cubans might 
have exhibiteil their ])atnotism by 
guarding rather than stealing the food 
of their <lefenders. 



At noon a fresh start is made and 
the .Second ad\'ances about three miles 
nearer the enemy. The march is made 
cautiouslv and with flankers and 
scouts, of which work, as the Second 
is on extreme left, the Massachusetts 
men have their full share. The 26th 
sees a further advance towards the 
enemy, and in the same careful man- 
ner. During the day's march Captain 
|ohn r.igelow, Jr., of the loth Cavalry, 
a \\'est Pc^inter, remarks as follows of 
our boys : 

I remember seeing the Second Mas- 
sachusetts go Ijy, and being impressed 
bv the improvement of the men in ap- 
pearance since I saw them at Lake- 
land. They were about as brown and 
looked almost as hardy as the regulars. 
Thev went through mud and water, 
well closed up, at a good swinging gait. 
r)ur volunteers in Cuba, as a class, did 
themselves credit. They had not the 
res]iect for shoulder-straps that is de- 
sirable — nor had the regulars — but 
they were much better soldiers than 
volunteers of our Civil \\'ar with the 
■ same length of service. I am bound 
to say that they did better on the 
march and in action than I had ex- 
pected them to do. 

Even half jiraise from a West 
Pointer, to whom a soldier is little bet- 
ter than a thing, is something, and fig- 
urativel}- the Second takes off its hat 
to Caiitain II. and remarks. "Thanks. 
awfuUv. Captain! You do us proud!" 

Monday. June 27th. there is a march 
of a few miles towards Santiago, and 
the camping place is near the top of 
a sightly hill, woo.l surrounded. The 
outlook is fine, and the day is made 
memorable by the coming of a letter 
from the States directed to Private 
lla\es of -\ Company, liearing a North 
drafton postmark, "June 10." Some 
of the men thought that combination 
of letters never could look so good. 
The 28th is given to camp duties, and 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY 



41 



a realizatiiin tliat time ami the Roush 
Riders ha\e sadly depleted eiur rations. 
Each day hrinsrs its thunder-storm, 
and the men are l.iecomint:: almost am- 
phibious. 

On the 2()th there was a eonference 
of the commissioned (jfficers of the Sec- 
ond to cimsider the shortness of 
rations, which were reducetl to one tack 
and a piece <jf [lork. the size of a small 
walnut, per man. Three officers, in- 
cluding Cajitain llarrett, were desig- 
nated to visit Colonel Clark, conimand- 
ing the brigade, and to set forth the 
situation. As a result all the horses 
belonging to the officers, some eight or 
ten in number, were sent down to Sib- 
onev. under the directiou of lieutenant 
Vesper of Company B, to pack back to 
camp as man)- provisions as possil)le. 
The outcome of the expedition was a 
ration of six hardtack for each man. 
Also on this day arrived Sergeant G. .\. 
Poland, wdio had been left at Daiquiri 
in charge of the C(immissary stores. 
His coming was most opportune, for in 
addition to the want of food, the men 
had run short of tobacco, a condition 
particularl}- disagreeable to the soldier, 
and his stock of Navy plug and other 
delicacies was soon exhausted. The 
<lav before $5 had been given for a 
paper of Mayo's smoking tobacco. 
Some of iiur acipiired appetites are 
stronger than the natural ones. Just 
now there is nothing wasted, and each 
bit of food is most jealously guarded. 
Xo crundjs are thrown away, ami each 
dish and platter is licked clean. Hard- 
tack can not l)e bought at any price. If 
only some of the superabundance that 
is moulding in the storehouses in Sib- 
oney could be brought up. and it is not 
so verv far ofi\ Some erne has blun- 
dered, leaving men hungry, when great 
cpiantities of pre i\isi( )ns have lieen pro- 
vided. "So near and vet so far !" Rain 



ag;iin, and se\'ent\-five roimds of am- 
numition. of which there seems to l)e 
nil lack. For the Captain's cumfdrt and 
C(impan\- headquarters, the men ]nit up 
a shack, consisting of four ujiright 
pcists with cross-[)ieces and long grass 
laid o\'er them, after the manner of a 
thatch. 

The last day of Jime came and with 
it orders to cook one day's rations and 
to be ready to move at a moment's 
notice. Before lea\dng camp rations for 
seventv-seven men were (listril)uted.as 
follows, viz.: one box of soa]), one-half 
l)oimd of tobacco, fifty jiounds hard- 
tack, two cu])s of beans, and one strip 
of bacon. There was little danger of a 
surfeit from that layout. Small and 
ridiculous as the ration nf beans was. 
it was amusing to note the eagerness 
of the men for an equable di\-ision of 
the same, .\ctually. the\- had te> be 
counted out. Some of the best accom- 
modations S(T far as the camj) was con- 
cerned were had here. The water came 

down the hillside, and was fairly g 1. 

Bathing was the most longed-for pri\i- 
lege. but of course it could not be tol- 
erated in the stream whence also came 
the drinking water. However, Yankee 
wit soon supplied the necessary facili- 
ties, and they were had in this waw 
Just a little ways from the stream a 
h(de would be dug in the soft earth, an<l 
in this was fitted the rubber blanket 
of the bather, ddien, with cuj) or can- 
teen, he would i-iass water from the 
stream to the receptacle, and when the 
necessarv amount was secured, he 
woidil take his im]irovised sitting bath. 
W hen the water had served its pur- 
pose, two men, seizing the corners of 
the blanket, l>y a cpiick and dextrous 
mo\ement would throw the contents 
back fromthestream. In this way there 
was not the least danger of pollution. 
The men relate with some gusto that 



42 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




Sergt. E. i;. Sawver, 
Fred'k G. Newell. 
Corp. A. F. Murray. 



Jas. W. Smith. 
Samuel E. Clapp, 
Peter .\. White. 



Howard K. Hobb 
John T. Brusky 
Chas. -\. Fischer 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



43 



Captain llarrL-tt ha.l just hail his l)ath 
and was deep in the mysteries of a 
washday struggle when the orders to 
move came. The article that he would 
like to don at once was in the suds, as 
were several other items of ajiparel. 
There was no time to dry them, and 
the verv best he could do was U> wring 
them out and to hang- them over his 
shoulder instead of a line, ami in this 
decidedly en deshabille manner he di- 
rected the advance of his comjiany. It 
was on this da}- that the war halloun 
was noted. It appeared to hang mo- 
tionless in midair. Though used in the 
Rebellion and in the Franco-Prussian 
War, it would seem that liallooning 
has not yet become a successful ad- 
junct of military operations. 

At 3 o'clock p.m. the advance was 
begun, and was continued for possibly 
six miles, and as rain had been falling 
the roads were simply horrible. It was 
nearly night when the regiment passed 
through El Poso ; seemingly all the 
troops were in motion, and sometimes 
at right angles to the route taken by 
the Second, Then there was halting 
bv first one and then the other of the 
clashing bodies, a poor way to get any- 
where. Finally, the San Juan River is 
reached, and along its side the soldiers 
march for a time, and thence turn to 
the right and proceed to climb a hill. 
Six-pace intervals are taken, wads are 
removed from the guns, and the utmost 
pains are taken to prevent any kind of 
noise as the march proceeds. Through 
rain and wading streams the men are 
completely wet through. No talking 
is permitted, and every now and then 
a man finds himself tangled up in 
barbed wire, whereupon the words, 
"barbed wire" would go along the line. 
At a late hour orders to bivouac are 
given, and the men eat uncooked ra- 
tions Ijecause fires are forbidden. No 



tents are pitched, and each man rolls 
himself in his blanket and consigns 
himself to his couch ni mud and water. 
Guards and pickets are demanded, and 
from A Company the detail consists of 
Corporal Fay, with Pri\-ates Lamber- 
ton. Mills, Laflamme and llciardnian, 

I'hosewho cast their eyes about them 
are rewarded with seeing at their left 
the lights of Santiago, while from the 
cit\- ccime the regular chimes of cathe- 
dral bells as they note the advancing 
hcjurs. T(i sleep on their arms has a 
business flavor, but the announcement 
bv a courier that the coming day would 
doubtless bring on an engagement, 
with the suggestion that each man 
should direct what he would like to 
have done with his eti'ects in case he 
failed to respond at the following roll- 
call, sets many a man to thinking. 

The first day of July found our 
\\'orcester boys getting such comfort 
as they could from their dam]) sur- 
roundings, sleeping or listening to the 
barking of El Caney dogs, or to 
the more distant tolling of the great 
bell in the Cathedral of Santiago. It 
would appear that some soul were 
passingconstantly,or that pious friends 
were paying fabulous sums for the 
repose of the dead, since that was the 
interpretation of the solemn sounds, 
which through the entire night recalled 
the full significance of the funeral bells 
of Poe : 

"Iron bells! 
What a world of solemn thought their niom.xjy 
compels! 
In the silence of the night, 
Hou we shiver with atifright 
.•\t the melancholy menace of their tone!" 

There were no ringing notes of 
bugle-call to rouse the men on this 
fateful morn, but at 3.30 a.m. the word 
was passed which drove awaj- all 
thoughts of sleep. A frugal breakfast 



44 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



of hardtack. bacon and water was taken 
Cdld.and long before our nearest neigli- 
In.rs, the 22d U. S.. fell in. the 2d Mas- 
sachusetts was ready to advance. 
C'a|ir(in's I'.attery, whicli accompanies 
the (H\'isiiin. is getting into position, 
and is screening itself with brush. El 
Caney lies (|uietly in the distance, and 
soldiers can be seen plainl_v as they 
march about. Each man evidently 
knew that at last he was to face the fire 
cif the enemy, and that was all that he 
or his officers knew. The plan of bat- 
tle, if ]ilan there was. no one has ever 
seen. Later, it has appeared that the 
intent was to carry El Canev early in 
the day. and then with a swing to the 
left mcive on San Juan, and so carrv all 
the defences of .Santiago, l.nit "there's 
many a slip." etc. 

"Forward" was at last heard, and 
after the 2jd our boys followed, strug- 
gling along the devious and cactus- 
guarded trails, wdiich came as near 
l><,'ing ri)ads as anything in this mis- 
ruled Country could he. Tortunus and 
narruw, they were muddy besides. It 
was at 6.43 that the first gun was fired 
from Capron's Battery, and the Cap- 
tain of A was hard by when this awak- 
ener was sent over towards the Spanish 
town, and its reception jiroduced a de- 
cided sensation among the inlialiitants. 
Other shots followed, but uwing to 
the distance. 2500 yards, the results 
were not all that could lie desired. 
This location of the battery had neces- 
sitated a division (A the regiment, and 
Com])anies A. C. E, H and I found 
themselves severed from their own fel- 
lows. Major Fairbanks being in coni- 
man<l. Eor some time the whereabouts 
of the other ciimpanies was unknown, 
they having gone on. 

At 7.45 a.m., owing to a cessation 
of the artillery firing, the companies 
were allowed to proceed, advancing 



down hill through a tangle of under- 
bru.sh and l)arbed wire, arranged to 
imiiecle |)rogress. .Striking a more level 
stretch of surface the pace increased, 
though there are still vexatious delays 
awaiting orders or to investigate mys- 
terious climi])s of bushes, etc. Little 
eft"ort is made to avoid mud, bayonet- 
pointed cactus and other obstacles, for 
the firing-line is nearing,and the leaden 
danger becomes more imminent. Soon 
the march brings the line to a small 
and sluggish stream, across which the 
men go without delay, and many will 
rememlier that it was here they saw 
their chai)lain filling his canteen, and 
it was a common remark that the job 
appeared to be an micommonl}' long 
one. A short distance beyond the 
stream, the main r(_>ad from El Caney 
to Santiago is reached and a sharp 
turn is made to the right. 

The roar of artillery and the rattle 
of ritles ha\e become so uniform that 
the men are losing their nervousness 
ami await orders for their own partici- 
pation with eagerness, for the heat of 
the battle Ijegins to glow in each man's 
breast, .\gain there is a deflection to 
the right, and. advancing, the battalion 
finds itself under fire. The enemy's 
range, howe\er. is too high and 
branches of the trees suffer more than 
the advancing lines. Wounded men 
are seen by the roadside, in varying 
degrees of sutifering. Owing to the in- 
creasing danger, cover is sought in the 
edge of a wood. It was at this point 
that Private Peter N.White was struck 
1)}- a spent l>all. the same striking him 
upon the shoulder, and he went down 
at once, only quickly to rise again, as 
he found that the stroke was in no 
wa\' serious, the bullet ha\ing hit the 
canteen strap. 

It was during this separation that 
Major Fairbanks added to his reputa- 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



45 




Capron's Light Battery 
® r"« i« ■ 

@ Socoiid roilLoii 

Bates's Brigade: 

"3 '■-'■».» ii^t. 



tion for coolness and the biiys ever 
sing his praises as the}' disci.iurse on 
the way the "Dandy IMajor" kept 
things in order. That he might know 
just where they were, he called for a 
couple of men to accompany him as 
orderlies on a reconnoissance which he 
undertook. He advanced far enough 
to find the regimental adjutant, and 
also to be so much exposed that on 
their return, Private Fischer vowed he 
didn't wish to be orderly any longer, 
being quite willing to forbear any and 
all honor connected with the position, 
but he continued to serve, just the 
same. 

The impatient waiting was to have 
an end, and it came when an orderly 
rushed up with orders for ^lajor Fair- 
banks. Immediately follows the com- 
mand, "Form for attack!" Company 
I, under Captain Williams, is the firing 
line. Companv A, Captain Barrett, 
supports, and the other companies are 
in reserve. Soon the order, "Form 



line of scjuad I ' ancl "As skirmishers!" 
was given, in which formation the ad- 
vance on El Caney was made. That 
the attack may be the more oft'ectual. 
the rolls liorne by the men are laid oft' 
under a tree, and Corpijral Hobbs, with 
Privates Hall and Smith, are detailed 
to guard them. The first man wound- 
ed is a pri\-ate in F. whuse arm is tra\-- 
ersed lengthways by a bullet, inflict- 
ing so painful a wound that he set 
up a howl which was calculated to 
dispirit the stoutest heart. The ex- 
citement and nervousness incident to 
the event were quickly allayed by the 
tact of Major Fairbanks, who, as usual, 
was where he could do the most good. 
The ad\ance started in the hope and 
expectation of finding the regiment, 
though the same was not found till 
later. The pioneer corps, under Ser- 
geant Jordan of Company H, was en- 
countered, and from him the location 
of the other companies was learned. 
From an elevated position the town of 



46 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



El Caney is seen some 800 yards away. 
Large and small block-houses are dis- 
covered at intervals where they can 
best protect the aggregation of houses 
and shacks which constitute the vil- 
lage. Hero the companies were or- 
dered to the right flank, to a position 
near the stone fort, with directions to 
hr)ld the ])Osition and await further 
orders. Company formation is had as 
regularly and as efifectuallv as if on 
parade, showing the result of drill and 
discipline. Nothing in the storv of the 
Cuban campaign gives the Worcester 
l)(iys more regret than the fact that 
their ammunition was of that old-fash- 
ioned character that everv shot re- 
vealed the presence of the one firing. 
This was all right in olden times, when 
every combatant was thus armed, but 
the Spaniard was using smokeless 
powder, and was practically invisible. 
The general commanding early discov- 
ered the danger incident to this black 
smoke and ordered a cessation of fir- 
ing, and to not fire again unless to pre- 
vent the escape of the garrisons in the 
block-houses. This was a bitter dose 
for oin- boys. They had conie all the 
\va}- from their Alassachusetts homes 
to fight the enemy, and now thev were 
lield in reserve, all on account of an- 
cient munitions which shoull have 
been discarded years before. However, 
tlu-ir disposition was good. They had 
not fiinchecl an inch, and e\'cn" then 
were ipiite willing to take all risks if 
only they could use their archaic wea- 
pons. 

In some unaccountable manner, the 
battalion is so ranged that it is prac- 
tically at right angles to the main line. 
The heat is terrilde. An\- kind of 
shaile is like the rock in a weary land. 
Private Rice thinks a small tree near 
by is just the place for him, and accord- 



ingly seeks it. Hardly had he gained 
the place when a bullet strikes so near 
that it would seem that it had started 
for him. He loses no time in getting 
back under cover, declaring that shine 
was preferable to shade. Pickets un- 
der Corporal Allison look out for l)oth 
flanks. The situation is peculiar. In 
front is an artillery-swept zone. From 
the right and front the fire of the ene- 
my is coining, and, to cr(jwn all. l)ack 
of the companies the 4th United States 
is forming for an advance, and they 
fire as they move forward. They are 
to do just what the Second would like 
to do, and what they would be doing 
were it not for their ancient outfit. 
Fortunately, the range of the Fourth is 
so high that no action arises, but 
great credit attaches to Private lioard- 
man of A, who, standing upon a knoll, 
swings his hat and shouts till he at- 
tracts the attention of the advancing 
line, and so lets them kn<iw that there 
are friends between them and the foe. 
This act had been rewarded by special 
mention had not the early death of the 
bra\e boy ]>revented. 

The soldiers of the Second are loud 
in their [iraises of the colored soldiers, 
to wh<_im shoidd go many of the hon- 
ors of the campaign. They knew no 
such word as fear, but swept up the 
hill like a legion of demons, clearing 
the way of every obstacle. They rushed 
o\er trenches, up to the block-houses 
through lea:len hail, and thrusting 
their guns through the iron-barred 
windows, shot the cowering occupants. 
\\ hen.on their return, they were asked 
wh\' the\' didn't take some prisoners, 
one big trooper replied, '"What vou 
talkin' 'bout, boss; we didn't come here 
to ])lay basketball!" And so the fight 
went on. The taking of 1^1 Caney, 
which was to be accomplished liy one 
brigade in an hour, reallv took a whole 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



47 



diYision eight long hours of steady 
fighting, but it was done at last. 

Owing to the extreme heat of this 
July day. under a Cuban sun. the can- 
teens were soon emptied, and a detail 
was made from A to go back for a sup- 
ply. The squad, consisting of PriYates 
Lamberton. Mills. Allison, Laflamme 
and ]\Iagec, under Sergeant dowans, 
taking all the canteens they could car- 
ry, went back oYcr a distance of fully 
a mile, and in the midst of bullets fly- 
ing in CYcry direction. Though the}' 
accomplished their nfission and had 
started on their return, they were jK-r- 
mitted to go no farther than the field 
hospital, as it \Yas stated that a gen- 
eral advance on the town was in prog- 
ress ; thus it was not till 4.30 p.m. that 
thcY rejoined their thirsty comrades. 
It was at this time that Alajor Fair- 
banks ordered A Company to deploy 
as skirmishers, to see that the field 
OYer which the firing had been done 
was free. Reporting the same clear of 
Americans, Captain Capron trained his 
guns on the remaining block-houses, 
and in three well-directed shots de- 
molished them. 

The last shot was fired at 5 o'clock, 
and the prJYilege of returning to wdiere 
the extra baggage had been left was 
appreciated, but there was not to lie 
the opportunity for supper that the 
men desired, though they had eaten 
little from their early cold repast of the 
morning. Corporal Hobbs and his 
aids had kept away the buzzards and 
Cuban patriots, for our boys had grown 
to put them both in the same class. 
Scarcely had the longed-for haversacks 
been found, and before their contents 
could be sampled, came the command, 
"Fall in!" and the march towards San 
Juan hill had begun. The Second had 
al-Kiut-faced, and was now marching, 
with El CancY in the rear. The night 



is dark and the way muddy and as 
prickly as ever. It would appear that 
the Dons had prepared an ambuscade, 
but their plans were revealed by the 
newness of the wire which glistened in 
the dim light. The bows must have had 
some queer reflections on the part 
which one of the chief industries of 
their citv was playing in this campaign, 
for go where they might they could not 
get out of sight or touch of barbed 
wire. Now Worcester's busy and noisy 
mills made lots of trouble for Massa- 
chusetts men in Cuba. Many reflec- 
tions were due upon the government 
for the inadequate utensils which were 
furnished for cutting this obstructing 
wire. The pincers were more archaic 
than the guns, and that was quite 
needless. 

Blood-stained and mud-stained, the 
night's march was made, generally in 
double line along roads cut deep with 
artillery and commissary wagons. 
Some of the discomforts of "Our Ar- 
mies in Flanders" are apparent, and 
possibly some of the language which 
rendered those armies famous was not 
lacking, but at last the welcome com- 
mand to iiivouac is heard, and, supper- 
less as well as dinnerless, our boys 
sink to rest and to sleep, e(|ually indif- 
ferent to the past and future. 

The halting place was near an old 
stone bridge spanning the San Juan 
River, where those who sought found 
a drinking fluid, good for this coun- 
tr\-, hut tile large majority were too 
tired to seek anything but rest, and 
sank at once into a condition akin to 
stupor. There had been no orders to 
bivouac, but the ever vigilant Captain 
was determined that every man 
should go under his blanket, as a pro- 
tection from the deathly night air of 
Cuba, a task, however, in many in- 
stances exceedinglv difficult to per- 



48 WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

form. Diirino- this "in ]ilace rest" pe- within the zone of S])anish fire and 
riod. a train of mules hearing supplies hl< .ck-houses are ahundant. 
came up, and Company A's apprecia- 'Idiis retrograde is, in reverse, along 
tion of this much ahused animal's in- the mute of yesterday's advance till 
telligence grew amazingly, for he had the San Juan road is reached near the 
to pick his way over the prostrate ■i'.kiody llend." (ireat numl)ers of 
hodies of the men, a feat that he skill- wounded men arc cnmin.n^ in io the 
fully accomplished, though in some field hospital. At (1.30 |).ni. "Halt" is 
cases he trod so closely to the heads ordered and the Cdmniand goes down 
of the sleepers that long hair kept the the line to lay aside the rnlls and to be 
mule's feet out of the mud. reads' for action at any moment. Span- 
It was at the extremely early hour of ish sharpshooters, from positions in 
2.30 a.m. that the Company was mango trees and elsewhere, are mak- 
roused, so early, in<lec(l, that many ing themselves dangerous to theAmer- 
were willing to affirm that they had icans. Using smokeless powder and 
not been asleep, l)Ut as the buys were being eft"ectually hidden in the leafy 
not taking this excursion fur their tops of trees, they ]dieil their death- 
health, they res|)onded with the least dealingvocation with imijunity, though 
comi)laint possible. Rations, some- < iccasii mally they were detected and 
what meagre in (|uantitv, were dealt brought down without ceremony. The 
out, comprising a bag "i sugar an<l enemy had little respect for the laws of 
roasted cofi'ee per man, and nue l)ox civilized warfare, and even fired on the 
of hard-tack for the cnnipany, and Red Cross representatives, who were 
there were just two minutes in which about their mission of mercy. Several 
to open the latter. The ci intents of lost their lives in this way. The com- 
the l)ox were soon appropriated, but pany's position is on the extreme r|ght 
much of the sugar had to be left be- and the advance is very slow. Con- 
hind As the n'lovement was a retro- gratulations are exchanged over the 
c^rade one, the reversing brought apparent passing of danger, when or- 
Companv A in the lead, whereas, the ''^''-s are tw.ce received to halt and he 
dav before it had brought up the rear. ^at upon the earth to e.cape the Indlets 



Evidently the advance had met some 
sort of an obstruction, and this about- 
face was to offset it. The march be- 
gan in darkness so dense that each 
man hail to place a hand on the one in 



through low cuts in the hills. Noth- 
ing. howe\'er. dampens the spirits of 
the men. the same having risen with 
the advancing sun. for with faces 
l)uried in the grass and with bodies 
hupping the sod. varus were spun as 



front in order to keep m line. The jf .;t' ;^ .i.^np.fire. and jokes were passed 



dew, alwavs thick and hea\-_\', made the 



as though this were every-day 



ground as slippery as ice. udiile the work, 
men themselves were too sleepy to .\t a lull in the firing, the advance 

sense where they were going or what .^^..j,^ resumed an<l was continued for 

they were trying to do. Had they Ijeen about two miles beyond the captured 

wakeful and the light sufficient they Idock-house. getting there late in the 

would have seen the rank undergrowth afternoon, whereupon a squad was sent 

of a Cuban forest, but all this is lost in liack for the rolls left behind earlier in 

the uiHit ni.ivenient. The regiment is the day. Supper was prepared over 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



49 



small fires, made under llie range of 
hills. There was no command neces- 
sary to drive the men to sleep, and the 
veriest roisterer in the Cnmpany was 
soon seeking "tired nature's sweet re- 
storer." lUit blissful ilreams were 
rudel\- broken at 10.30 p.m. by crash- 
ing \olleys of musketry and the loudly 
shouted orders nf the officers, who 
dashed up and down the lines pressing 
their men into ]5i)sition. The music of 
the bullet was evident as it sang 
through bush and grass, or "spat"' 
against the trees along the river's side. 
The intense darkness added to the hor- 
rors of the night, and made the occa- 
sion seem even worse than the battle 
of El Caney. The attack lasted fully 
an hour, when the Spaniards retreated 
again, through their lack of system, 
drill or knowledge, having eiiected 
very little. 

The saving is an honored one that 
lightning never strikes twice in the 
same ].)lace, l)nt Company .\ men are 
still wondering that the only man in 
their ranks t(j be hit at all was struck 
twice. Peter N. White got his firs': 
stroke at El Caney, and in this night 
attack he was apparently reserved by 
fate for the only blow that A received. 
Lieut. Plumnier was the officer of the 
guard when the firing began, and the 
men were athancing under orders 
when \\'hite went down. Corp. Hag- 
berg was the first to discover him, and 
bent o^•er the wounded man to ascer- 
tain the trouble. This time, the ]iri- 
\'ate, ha\ing learned wisdom from his 
late e.xjjerience, was not so certain 
about his condition, but the running of 
Capt. Barrett's hand around his neck 
revealed blood; then the cutting away 
of his clothing indicated the entrance 
<if the bullet. Complaints on \\'hite's 
part as to some trouble near his hip 
1)rought out the fact that the missile 



had come i>ut there, thus accounting 
for what the Captain had thought a 
breach of discipline. Strict orders had 
been given not to fire except as direct- 
ed. Init Cai)tain Barrett was much dis- 
turljed at hearing what seemed the dis- 
charge of a gun in his ranks, and he 
had been using some of the language 
which the occasion called for, when it 
appeare<l that the sound was owing to 
the explosion of three cartridges, pro- 
duced by the Spanish bullet as it left 
the wounded man's body. The wound 
might have been a mortal one, since it 
entered the left shoulder and. after 
tra\ersing the trunk, left, as stated, 
from the left hip. How it managed 
to escape the vital organs, only the 
chances that accompany gunshot 
wounds can tell. A gun stretcher, 
made from two guns antl a partly 
rolled blanket, was used to carry the 
private down the exceedingly steep 
hillside to the temporary hospital. 
TenderK- as a baby his comrades bore 
him along with the utmost care, driv- 
ing their heels into the grounil lest a 
slip might throw him off his blanket. 

|id\- 3d was ushered in by a false 
alarm at 3 a.m., and again at 6 o'clock 
the men were ri_)used, but those ap- 
])roaching were found to be Cubans 
rather than the foe. During this day. 
Private White is liorne back to the di- 
vision hosi)ital, si.x of his comrades, 
Cornwell. Hammond, Schofield, Tor- 
kelson, Abbott and Hey wood, having 
been detailed for this purjiose. As the 
entire journey of three miles was under 
the enemy's fire, no little credit is due 
the men for the manner in which they 
discharged their duty. They were 
more fortunate than some in their 
labor, for in several instances fatalities 
arose, bearers as well as those carried 
going down in a common calamity. It 
is the consensus of i:)pinion that Private 



50 WORCESTER IN THE SI'AXISII WAR. 

W'liitc, in case of aiK^tliL-r war, had wlien pk-nty is so nuar. One-third of 

l)Ctt(.-r not take anv more chances, re,<i"nlar rations is not a good support 

luninq- entirely too striking an affinit}- f(]r trench-making. 

for 1)ullets. He was shortly taken The next daw or the 5th, br(_)Ught its 

aboard one of the trans])orts and car- own suri)ri.se, for long lines of people 

rieil to (leorgia, where, in Fort Mc- were seen moving out of Santiago, and 

I'herson hos|3ital, he con\alesced, till at first the\- might easily he taken for 

he was able to be sent home. colunms of fours on the march, but 

( )n this da_\- Ix-gan the long continued the\- were quickly res(d\-ed into nn- 
labors of the regiment in digging en- armed citizens of all ages, conditions, 
Irenchmenls. using kni\'es and ])lates and of l)oth sexes, moving out to El 
in lieu of picks and sho\els. just as the Cane_\- that the}' might escape the 
fathers had done in the da_\s of '6l-'(^^. threateneil b< jmbardmcnt. The Com- 
The firing was light during the fore- pan\- had practiced consideraldy in si- 
noon, and at u.i o'clock a l1ag of truce lent passing of commands, from com- 
was run u|). the same flying more than missioned officers to non-commis- 
twenty-four hours. The day is also sIdiumI, and the\- to their men, so that 
menioralile in .\ annals, since it was Avhen the non-combatants ai)peared 
on the 3d that I'rivate Fischer, in his the word of alarm was gi\en through 
randdes, fomid and api)ropriated a na- Lieut. Tisdell, who hapiiened to be the 
ti\-e burro or demkey, which became officer of the guard ; and th.e result was 
exceedingh heli>fid in the toting of all that could lie asked for, since in less 
water, and on the march he was a than four minutes ever_\' man was in 
burden-bearer of no mean capacity. place. In these crowded da}'S each 

America's great day, July 4th, be- battalion had its eiwn officer of the 
holds oiu- l)<i\s in the trenches, sid)- guard and officer of the day, hence each 
mitting to alternate sim and rain, both officer had to be on duty every alter- 
in the se\-erest form. Parboiling is a nate day. 

word not inai)pro])riate to represent As hitherto, digging trenches is the 

llieir condition. The Hag of truce is chief calling of the First lirigade, 

still up, and a further adxance of ])os- and the Second Massachusetts is by 

sil)l\- two miles is made towards San- m, means slighted. The chain of earth- 

tiago, which now lies in plain sight, works is a long one. extending from 

not more than 2(100 yards away, so ( ieneral Shafter's headquarters in the 

near th;it people can be plainly s,-en centre of the line, a long distance to 

as they go to and fro. while .Vmerica's the right, terminating in a swamp made 

nalii>nal ci>lors, reil, white and l)lue. 1)\ the shallowing of Santiago Harbor, 

are conspieuons in the stucco-co\ered |f the nun had been ])ermilted to hoUl 

sides of the houses. The ])icttn-e is an and eccupx- tlie trenches they had dug, 

inqiressive one, .and not e\en the jiossi- they hail felt better about it, but when 

bilities of dangi'r from the nearby city they had, after great labor, fixed their 

can dim the lustre of the scene, .\gain defenses with all that the occasion cle- 

ralions arc' growing sliMpt. The abun- mamleil, including giumybags, filled 

dance al Siboney is m it helping these with sand, placed for embrasures, to 

hard-working, suffering men, and with ],e obliged !(■ gi\e them up as they did 

one voice they cr_\- "Ul against tlmse in ,,iie case lo the Sexenty-first Xew 

who needlessly leave men in Inmger \nrk. there was a draft upon the raw 



CITY (UWKDS, COMI'A^•^■ A. 



51 




RuFus J. Martin. 
Philemon Brule. 



Chas. .\. Barto 
.\RTHl'R C. Mage 



Albert Johnson. 
Herbert A. Ballol'. 



52 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



matt-rial that they were hardly alile to 
suiiplv. The inadequacy of entrench- 
ing- tools may be seen when it appears 
that the entire regiment of above 900 
men had four shovels and only one or 
two picks, while the near-by regulars 
were well supplied. The query will 
ever cimtinue. "Who did sin?" that 
these honest soldiers were compelled 
to work at such great disadvantage? 

Lucky the man who had one of the 
coveted regulation tools, for the others 
must improvise their working material 
from haversacks and pockets. Case 
and pocket knife, plate, spoon, and 
even, as the last resort, fingers, na- 
ture's first weapons, were called into 
use. 

Under the fiery sun men must be re- 
lieved every ten minutes. Perspira- 
tion fairly pours from the bodies, which 
have been divested of shirts, the men 
working naked to the waists. T'.lis- 
tered hands are the rule, till callouses 
a])pear: bldody fingers, under their 
l)rimitive nrdeal, are not unc(imm<m, 
and many ;i b(..y wonders what the 
home folks would say if they could 
take a look at the scene. Something 
of a contrast from a drill-shed parade 
or an ins|iection on the Framingham 
camp-ground! Xight-work, too, is 
necessarv, and this is done without 
lights and with only whisitered words. 
When the welcome rests occur, thv 
men throw themselves ujion the ground 
with bared breasts, grateful to the 
heavv, cooling dew, utterly careless as 
to what the results may l>e. d he 
nights are dark, mists appearing to 
hide the very stars. .At such times, as 
the men with naked, glistening skins 
labored in the trenches, fancy not un- 
reasonably pictured them as ghosts 
rising from their graves for a midnight 
revel, and whatever Scutch blood there 
was in the coni])any recalled Alloway 



Kirk and its ilisplay of "cutty sarks." 
The dawn of day would send the 
men, dripping and muddy, through the 
parallels to their camps, where, with a 
hastily eaten morsel of food, they 
dropped into sleep and forgetfulness. 

The 6th of July brought with it en- 
trenching for Company A until noon, 
when the men are ordered to prepare 
for an attack, but none came. At 3.30 
p.m. the colors of the Second are 
planted on the breastworks. Later at 
their call, the officers assembled at 
headquarters and were there informed 
of the destruction of the Spanish f^eet 
off Santiago Harbor. Nothing but ex- 
treme weariness prevents the enthus- 
ing which such an announcement mer- 
ited, but these men, like all makers of 
history, little realized the magnitude of 
the victorv on that memorable Sunday. 
To crown all their misfortunes, the 
men had run against a wood ]3oison, 
similar to the poison ivy of our north- 
ern states, and what was equally bad, 
they could find no antidote till some- 
one found that common salt relieved 
the <liscomfort, but salt was as scarce 
as tobacco. The source of the evil was 
found to be a |)oison oak, the under 
side of whose leaf was co\-ered with 
prickers which easily punctured the 
skin, and were the ]irime cause of the 
misery. 

The record for the 7th is a short one, 
\'iz. : onW trench-making and the re- 
ceipt of mail from home, the latter con- 
tri1)Uting its part towards th.- sec<ind 
half of the proverb, "Short and sweet," 
( )n the 8th it would appear that there 
were no more trenches to be dug, and 
accordingly at an early hour Lieut. 
Tisdell with enlisted men, Thomson, 
Clapp, Hall, Wills and Laflamme, leave 
camp for a tri]) to El Caney and the 
battlefield of July ist. The village, so 
often named in these columns, is a 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



53 



small ])Iace of possibly 300 inhabitants, 
and it is difficult to imagine 20,000 
people crowded into its streets and 
houses, yet that is its condition under 
the influx from the threatened city of 
Santiago. Here is no distinction of 
person : proud Castilian is pressed by 
the lowest type of Cuban negro; here 
are all shades of complexion and every 
rank of society. Costume shades down 
from the richest fabric to rags, and 
from them to naked nature, but all are 
alike starving. Before reaching the 
hamlet our observers had seen the ref- 
ugees trying to secure food from man- 
go trees and such other sources as the 
forests and fields afforded. The ap- 
peals of these famished people were 
heart-rending, and no American 
haversack was proof against the cry. 

The plaza in front of the church is 
densely crowded, as are all the rooms 
in the town, and the incoming masses 
even dot the hillsides with their impro- 
vised camps. That there are still gov- 
ernments on earth is apparent in the 
banners of different notionalities which 
are flung out from several places, in- 
dicating the presence of foreign con- 
suls. There are no sanitary provisions 
and filth reigns indescribably. The 
stench is horrible, while the water for 
all purposes is taken from a stream in 
which children are bathing and women 
washing clothes. Such sights make 
our boys part with their rations all the 
more readily, for they were rapidly los- 
ing their appetites. Added to the fore- 
going sources of discomfort must be 
named the partially buried bodies of 
the Spanish soldiers slain in the fight 
of July 1st, whose reeking corpses 
were producing a condition that seem- 
ingly would speedily breed a plague. 
The stay in the filth-reeking village 
was none too long, and thence the boys 
sought the old stone fort east of El 




Canev. thence across the brook and so 
over the ground held by the Second in 
the fight. They visit the graves of the 
men of their regiment killed in the en- 
counter, and, at a late hour, make their 
way back to camp. 

The 9th of July is remembered on 
account of the visit received by Com- 
pany A from Captain Moynihan, Lieu- 
tenant McCann and several enlisted 



54 WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

men (if tlic ^^^^rcestel■ Emmet ("mards. vastly mure efficient than a dead one, 
then servin.s;- in another jiart of the however l)rave he mioht l>e. While 
field as Comjianv G ,,f the oth Mas- the excitement is at its hei.cjht cjroans 
sachnsetts. V. S. \'. The handshakes, are heard from the Imshes in the rear 
sn far awav from home, were hearty "f the line, and the canse is anxiously 
and sincere, and the interview was a sou-ht with a fear that some one has 
o-rcen oasis in the desert of every-day heen severely wounded. Somethiuij 
cami) life. The first man to ^o to the akin to diss'ust su|]plants solicitude 
hospital from .V Companv on account when it is found that the sounds pro- 
of illness was W. (i. Corn well, who ceeil from one of the boys who is suf- 
went this dav suffering- from rheu- ferint;' from an exaggerated case of 
niatism. stomachache, which his comrades aver 
Sunday, the loth, lirought very lit- he mio-ht have had at home or any- 
tle of the (piiet home famili;ir to the where. 

most of these hovs, but .at 4 a.m. the The firing, which had died down last 

reveille sounded, and an hour later the night at 7 o'clock, was resumed on the 

march began again to the right. a|i- iith. but the enemy did not respond, 

parentlv n(itliing less than the circum- There is a slight shaking up of com- 

ambulation of the city being in store mands to-day, on account of Major 

for the regiment. The orders for this .Southmayd's being invalided home, 

start had been given at midnight in an<l Cajitain I'.arrett becomes the tem- 

the most ipiiet manner to the Company porary counnander of the 3d Battalion, 

officers by the .Kdjutant, and the mys- ami Lieut. Tisdell goes to the head of 

terious wav of im|)arting them gave .\ Company. This is only for two days, 

tjie im|)res,sion of something out .if the when the Cajitain returns to his own. 

ordinarv im|iending. Tlowever, the but the ol.l battalion is now numliered 

march was continued till a railroad two. ( )nce more the regiment is mov- 

track was passed, when there was a ing to the right, and on the way passes 

slight swing to the left, near an old the conduit which furnished water to 

sugar-mill, and there intrenching began the beleaguered city. The Spaniards 

once more. The Culians had been there had been guarding the same with con- 

liefore the Second's arrival, but their siderable care, for they realized the 

work was scarcely better than the stir- value of the water-supply to the peo- 

ring ti]) of the earth with sticks, liut ide ; however, fleeing on the approach 

even that start did not fall to the lot of 'if the .\mericans, the Cubans had 

A and I-". which companies had to start rushe.l in and very quickly broken the 

anew. l-'iring began at 4.45 p.m., cement pipe through which the water 

liefore the trenches were completed, ran. The result was a small water-fall, 

but the men stuck to their work with- at which the soldiers were not slow to 

out faltering; indeed so careless had fill their canteens and to enjoy the un- 

the men become that it was necessary usual opportunity. The route is over 

to order some of them down from the hill and through dale, with the city of 

top of the earthworks, where, in their .Santiago plainly in view a large part 

desire to see how the shells struck, of the time. The red cross, conspicu- 

they were needlessly exposing them- ously displayed from so many of the 

selves. Captain Barrett h;id the very houses, woubl lead the observer to 

sensible notion that a live soldier is think that the ]ilace was one vast hos- 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



55 



pital: that the display was one big 
piece of duplicity were the safer con- 
clusion. At one time, rolls and haver- 
sacks were laid off and the impression 
was that business was impendino-, luit 
UDthing" came of it. 

A halt is at last called and camp is 
pitched in a hollow, whence the city is 
visible, but hardly were the tents up 
before the severest thunder-storm as 
yet experienced set in. The depressed 
condition of the camping-ground ren- 
dered the situation all the wiirse, since 
the space became little better than a 
catch-basin, wherein the falling rain 
was detained. Aleantime rations had 
been brought up to a place some two 
miles away and there dropjied. Five 
men were sent off for the Ci>mpany's 
share, but they returned too late for- 
distributiiin that night. In the Onn- 
panv annals no more uncomfortable 
night is recorded. The thunder came 
like reports of artillery just at hand, 
and the bolts of lightning fell so near 
and so constantly that it seemed that 
no one could escape. Lieut. Tisdell, 
with lower limbs swollen by rheuma- 
tism, found it impossible to remain 
under his tent, and so sat the longnight 
through on a cracker-box with back 
against a tree. Captain I'.arrett had to 
spend a part of his time trying to hold 
up the ridge of his covering, and the 
earth became so thoroughly soaked 
that it would not hold a tent-peg. With 
no rations, soaked to the skin, it is not 
strange that even the stoutest hearts 
among officers and men were for a time 
considerably discouraged. In this dis- 
consolate condition, orders to pack up 
came, and the rolls of tent and blanket, 
made all the heavier by rain, were 
taken up and the march proceeded. It 
led through roads, always bad. now 
ankle deep with mud. and so slippery 
that regimental orderlies sometimes 



measured their respective lengths in 
the slime as they hurried to their des- 
tinations. Notwithstanding the dis- 
comforts of the situation, the boys had 
no difficulty in cracking smiles at such 
discomfiture. While the road seemed 
to be the very worst possible, even 
nniddier fate awaited the lioys in the 
swamp through which they waded, a 
sort of terminalof Santiago Harbor, for 
this dav's doings ended the circuit of 
the citv. ncneral Ludlow and an en- 
gineer came up and designated where 
earthworks were to be thrown up, and 
again the soldiers were doing the dig- 
ging act. The Spaniards were in plain 
sight, and it did not seem as though 
they would permit trench-making so 
near at hand without, at least, a pro- 
test, and the work was started with no 
little apprehension: but for some rea- 
son thev were silent, and the excavat- 
ing went (in, day aud night. Rain fell 
so constantly that in some places the 
bovs dug in water nearly waist deep. 
P,v some means candles had been 
found, and under their flickering light 
the <lirectiou for night-work was 
gained. Just one Spaui^h gunboat h.-id 
been left in the harbor, and il was tin- 
constant wonder of thr men that it clid 
not open on them, for it had been the 
easiest thing in the world to blow them 
out of their trenches. Possibly there 
was fear of retaliation on the part of 
the batteries which General Miles had 
brought, and which were now admira- 
bly planted in positions to effectually 
shell Santiago on the least provoca- 
tion ; or possibly the enemy had done 
enough fighting to satisfy his honor, 
and he was only waiting for the con- 
venient moment to give up. At the 
right of the Second are the 8th and 
22d. and at the left, on a high hill, the 
4th Regulars. 

Rain falls every day, so that special 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 










CiHANS IN Yankee Garb. Camping in the Field. 

meiitidii i.s uiuu-ccssary, anil when llu- I4tli, thcri.- was the usual service in the 
.sun shines between whiles the earth water-filled trenches, waiting fe)r at- 
fairly reeks. The n|>turning I if the earth tacks which never came. On the con- 
ai)])ears to release malarial germs, trary, at 3.50 p.m., it was evident that 
and the dreaded fex'cr begins, but ex- something unusual was approaching 
tra precautions are taken against sur- from the left, and soon an orderly ap- 
prise. Parallels are run out to the main peared stating that the city and its sur- 
works, so that the same can be reached roundings had surrendered. To shout 
without too much exposure. < )n the and yell was the first thought of the 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



57 



hearers, Init with the aimmmcement 
came the re<|uest to make no demon- 
stration lest the enemv shouhl recon- 
sider his giving up. However, there 
must be some kind of a vent, and seem- 
ingly the covers blew off, for each and 
every hat went into the air, and swing- 
ing arms had to express what the 
\oices lacked: l)ut so api-irehensive 
were all concerned of treachery that 
all the outposts were considerably 
strengthened that night. However, 
the most of the men felt that their 
work was just about done. 

With the cessation of enforced toil 
and the lessening of the strain came a 
physical letting-down which soon told 
on the men. and responses to the sur- 
geon's call l)ecame more numerous. 
The non-coming of mail also had a dis- 
piriting eft'ect. The 17th was note- 
worthy in that the men were ordered 
to mount the earthworks and thus con- 
structively participate in the formal 
surrender of the city. At 12 m. the 
flag was supposed to go up on the Gov- 
ernor's palace, and a salute of twenty- 
one guns announced the auspicious 
fact. Immediately thereafter the com- 
pany marched to regimental headquar- 
ters, where a letter from President Mc- 
Kinle}- was read by Colonel Clark. 
Early in the evening seven transports 
came steaming into the harbor, and 
'"wdiat next?" was in everybody's mind. 
Many thought a trip to Porto Rico was 
on the tapis, and, as the sequel showed, 
it had been money in our boys' pockets 
if they had gone, for then they would 
have escaped that long period of fever 
and partial starvation. 

On the i8th came the \\'(ircesterTel- 
egram. latest date July 3d, and its ad- 
vent was hailed with cheers. Three 
men. Bruso, Torkelson and Hay ward. 
were detailed to go over to El Poso 
and get the delaved mails. Xine men 



are on the sick-list. The next dav. the 
diversion of digging being over, drill 
was resumed, and there were few days 
in which .\ Company didn't get some 
])art (if this essential feature of a sol- 
dier's life. So near is the camp to the 
city, the stroke of the public clocks can 
be distinctly heard. Captain Barrett 
has the distinction of being detailed as 
a road commissioner with the power 
to select his workmen at will. He 
enters upon his task with so much zeal, 
repairs and builds so effectually that 
in three days he reports his work ac- 
complished. General Ludlow can hard- 
ly believe the statement and sallies 
forth to inspect. After he had passed 
over one bridge so well made and so 
effectually concealed that he did not 
recognize it in passing, his incredulity 
was ended, and he at once compli- 
mented the Captain on the thorough- 
ness of his work. Some of those 
bridgesareyetin service in the swampy 
land. Notwithstanding unfavorable 
criticisms from some officers and many 
men, the setting-up drill continues, 
and possibly the remarkable condition 
of this company in the matter of 
health as compared with other com- 
panies of the same regiment may be 
ascribed to this same en forced exercise. 
On the 20th. Eieut. Tisdell is de- 
tailed to sit in a court-martial at bri- 
gade headquarters. The 21st brought 
rations of fresh beef, which were high- 
Iv appreciated. Also sugar was issued 
as the result of economy in the com- 
panv fund, the second expression of 
this sort, the first being small quanti- 
ties of rice and salt. .Sickness is on 
the increase, and many of the poor fel- 
lows are seemingly losing their minds. 
It is difficult to rouse some of them 
from their stupor. \\'hen summoned 
for particular duty, they ma}- rise, sa- 
lute with a vacant stare or .grin, and 



58 WORCESTER IN THE SI'AXISII \\'.\R. 

then iminediatclv lie down in their pany's immnnit}' fnmi actnal ileath? 
tents. The homesick feeUng is tjetting' Xdt hick, surely! To begin with, it 
in its work also. Less than half the hail the advantage of a full list of com- 
Ciimpaiiv res])onds U> drill-call > in the inissi(ine<l officers. These men had 
22(1, and those whu \isit the surgeon been in command or service a long 
begin to think that his pill-box con- time and were excellent disciplina- 
tains quinine ouK-; thus does history rians. At the time many exactions 
repeat itself, fi>r such was the ex])eri- seemed harsh, and pi issibly worse : nor 
ence of these Ixivs' fathers in dark Re- did thev escape se\-erest criticism, but 
bellion davs. when the results nf abstinence, drill 
For the first time since lea\-ing Ylior and self-denial Ijccame evident, those 
Citv, fresh bread made its appearance who decried loudest were eiiually 
im the 23d, 1)ut the wa>- it came was decided in their api)robation. Much, 
nut iiarticularh- apjietizing. since the ti m. must l)e allowed fi ir the brotherly 
se\ent\-se\ en liia\es were uncerenmni- spirit uhich per\ailed the cumpan}'. 
oush- ilum]ied upon the ground. The Anything that any mie ciuild dij fur 
under loaves in this case were nut un- his fellnw was none too good. Xe\-er 
der lone. 'Idle freshdieef rations hav- will the buys cease to remark on the 
ing sii far lost their freshness that sus- devotion of their comrade Israel, who, 
piciiins r)f age were all too rife, they when he l)egan to convalesce f ri nn his 
were not taken with favor, but were own serious illness, kindly volunteered 
forthwith Iniried. A hnsjiital is im- toremain and to try to soften the rigors 
pni\ised fnim an old railroad deimt a nf the situation. The dishes that he 
quarter of a mile away. It has neither prepared fmm potatoes and condensed 
windows niir doors, and the tlmir is milk quickened many a failing appe- 
mother earth, but it dues have a ci iv- tite and perhaps saved lives, for the 
ering. Death, which had si 1 mercifully Imspital was utterly destitute 1 if every 
spared amidst the battle-shuck, nnw luxury. There was no lack of sincerity 
became a constant visitor, though he when the sufferers voted him an Israel- 
took none of Com])any -\. Tajis over ite indeed, one in whom there was no 
a soldier's grave with following \'iille}-s guile. 

of musketry became so common that It was at this time that the Captain 
the men grew horribly de|)ressed at learned that Clara T.arton, the Red 
the sound, and it seemed that honors Cross angel, was in Santiago, and 
to the dead were likely to destroy the knowing her [ilace of nativity, he con- 
living, till orders were given to bury ceived the brilliant notion of writing 
the departed comrades without sound her a letter, which he sent in the hands 
of gun or bugle. It was no unconilmon of Private Higginbotham. .\s the lat- 
sight, in near-bv conqianies, to see a ter tells the story, the scene was one 
non-commissioned officer peering into for an artist when he communicated 
a tent and then with hurried step to his mission. Tears were in her eyes 
seek his cai)tain or lieutenant, wd:o as she said, "Do you mean to tell me 
would quickly \isit the same tent, and that Massachusetts boys are sufifering 
then after a hasty glance, with sad thus in our very vicinity?" For Clara 
face, tie down the ffa]), indicating that I'.arton to realize a need was to set 
another spirit had been released. about filling it, and it was not long be- 
To what must be ascribed this Com- fore the messenger drew up in front of 



CITY Ct'AKDS 



59 







^'"<'i'''i^:,^r 



Camp of Company A Before Santiago. 



the conipaii}- with a two-wheeled Cu- 
ban vehicle, carrying all it would bear, 
viz., a barrel of Quaker oats, a 230- 
pound bag of corn meal, twn buxes of 
malted and one of condensed milk. 
After leaving a fair portion for those 
on duty, the remainder was sent to the 
hospital. Cots were sent later. There 
is an impression that the philanthropist 
drove bv quite near their cam]), but 
the Worcester soldiers hatl nn oppor- 
tunitv to express to their fellow cnun- 
ty-born the gratitude they felt for her 
kindness. 

Also the company was fortunate in 
having in its ranks two druggist 
clerks. Private ]\Iorse was the very 
next thing to a doctor and he was al- 
ways to be found. Very soon after the 
surrender, he made a prescription, or 
several of them, for the Captain, that 
the latter might have on hand a list of 
most needed specifics. Captain Barrett 
went into the city and had his lists 
made out and then demanded the cost. 
Having been told that the whole out- 
lav ought not to be more than ninety 



cents, he was nearly paralyzed at the 
replv "Five dollars." Evidently this 
was not a case of the invader spoiling 
the land, but quite the reverse. Says 
the Captain, "What do you mean by 
charging me such a price when you 
know it should not cost one-fifth that 
sum? Xow Aou can take one dollar 
or I Avill order in my men who are close 
bv and they will clean you out." 
Though there was many a shrug of 
displeasure, the Don preferred his dol- 
lar to dispossession. 

There are those who remember how 
funnv that khaki blouse of Captain 
Barrett looked. It was pocketed all 
the wa}- round. Xo one knows just 
how many it contained, but there 
seemed to be nothing in the way of 
supplies that it was incapable of fur- 
nishing. One man who had accused 
the officer of marching in light array 
had occasion to lift the garment once, 
whereupon he remarked, "I'll never 
accuse you of carrying light weight 
again." On occasion he could produce 
from tlie mysterious depths of that 



60 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



same coat rhubarb and quinine pills; 
doses of castor-oil: arnica, ammonia, 
cholera medicine ; and there was a 
precious pint flask of brandy whose 
contents could 1)e sampled'onlyasa final 
resort, and then only under the strict- 
est surveillance. So carefull_\' and judi- 
ciously were the brandy drnps dis- 
pensed that when the boys reached 
home there were just three swallows 
of the liquid left. The company also 
possessed a stretcher which it had no 
occasion to use for itself, but it was 
frequently loaned. Moreover, there had 
been prepared a number of small bottles 
with close-fittin.s: stoppers, and within 
were bits of |)aper upon which the 
names of any member dying could be 
written, and the same, placed with the 
remains, wnuld afford indubitable iden- 
tification wdien eft'orts should be made 
to return the body to Massachusetts. 

Monday the 25th brought the Wor- 
cester Telegram ami measurements for 
new suits of khaki, and the valuable 
fact that Company A had the lowest 
percentage of illness in the regiment. 
The next day. Captain Rarrett and 
Lieut. Tisdell went into town and also 
[laid a visit to the transport Knick- 
erbocker, tlie one en which the tri|) to 
Cuba was made. While on bnard, the 
Ca])tain was attacked with violent ill- 
ness, and fur a time it seemed as 
though lie could ni:it leave the boat. 
Knowing full well Imw his absence 
might be mi>interprete(l.he determined 
to get back t(i his company some way. 
The Lieutenant had gone on, and when 
the shore wa> reached Capt. P.arrett 
was so ill that he was wlinlly incajiable 
of walking. In this strait he luckily 
descried the Colnnel's culnred cuok. 
who had ridden a mule into the city. 
Wishing to remain for a time he was 
I)articularly an.xious to get the animal 
backtocami). [■"ortune favors the brave, 



and by an exchange of services, the 
Captain rode back to his own and the 
cook had his animal safely restored. 
Twentv men are reported ill. 

The 27th. Privates Allison. Hall and 
Laflamme were sent over to the com- 
missary headquarters to buy tobacco 
and canned goods for the Comiiany. and 
late in the same day, Allison with Pri- 
vate Young was detailed for five days" 
duty in the city. The month of Jul}' 
dragged its weary length along with 
few variations saA'e as new men went 
to the hospital and a less numljer of 
convalescents returned, and wherever 
such a case was noted, due credit was 
gi\ en to Comrade Morse and his in- 
valua1)le medicine-chest. The non- 
commissioned officers of the Company 
were efficient men, and all agree that 
1st Sergeant Allison, though small in 
stature, was large in deeds, and, though 
his own lirother was in the Company, 
so absolutely impartial that the latter 
thiiught, in the matter of detail for 
extra work, he would have fared bet- 
ter were some other man cirderly. 
Then there was Corporal Ralph .\lli- 
Min. who was also company clerk, ami 
he was as steady as a clock in the pur- 
suit of duty ; but he was badly sold one 
da\', when demands were made for the 
crack shots of the Company and the im- 
pression was had that the nicest kind 
of work was needed. When the Cor- 
])oral returned from his labors he re- 
marked that the next time shooters 
were wanted diggers had better be 
sent, since it was a shovel he had to 
use instead of a gun. Conuuissary 
Sergeant Poland, in the Cuban days, 
was sometimes regarded rather unfa- 
vorably by the boys, particularly if 
s])ecial favors were wanted in the way 
of rations, but a retrospect shows how 
absolutely just and impartial he was 
in all of his distributions. He saw his 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



61 



duty, ami ho did it. Tlie very last day 
of the month brought small bits, of ice 
for the hospital inmates, secured by 
the Captain, and a degree of comfort- 
able weather quite unusual for Cuba. 

Had the boys of Company A been 
aware that August, whose first day 
came in fair and warm, would end 
their service in Cuba, there had been 
more smilin"- faces than there were 




when the ruuKir was circulated that 
peace had been declared. So many 
times had they been deceived by 
Dame Rumor, they declared this, too, 
was onlv a "Jojo" story, devised to 
keep up the spirits of the homesick 
soldiers. Apparently there were some 



who could find no l)etter amusement 
than in devising yarns which might 
catch the ears of the unwary. As this 
story was preceded by a deal of cheer- 
ing, even the most incredulous began 
to fancy there might be something in 
it. lk)\vever wrong in jirinciple, there 
can be little doubt that these fake rumors 
had a beneficial efifect, for hope, which 
is said to spring eternal in the breast of 
man, had well nigh died out of the hearts 
of many of these Massachusetts lads. 
The fever which reigned in their veins 
had seemingly burned out the better part 
of their minds, and they would lie help- 
^ upi>n the ground, or, if ableto stand, 
would reel like drunken men. Their 
e\es were sunken, their cheeks hollow, 
and one might doubt if his best friend, 
thus suffering, knew him on meeting. 
What a blessing it was that not every 
one was thus sick at the sametime.else 
there had been no one left to tell the 
tale. Going down to the very brink of 
the ilark ri\-er with almost a touch of 
its lethean flow, the}' w'ould slowly 
come back to take up the duties of a 
soldier's life, and to bear a part in the 
care of those on the downward slope. 

Rain or shine, sick or well, there were 
few days'when the Company did not have 
a taste of drill, which the old German 
Colonel thought was the real end of a 
soldier's existence. This necessity of 
doing somethinghad its part in the Com- 
panv's escape from the actual presence 
of Death. Idle hands are provocative 
not only of mischief, but of other ills 
as well. For several days no rain is had. 
and its absence is agreeable, but the sun 
shines with increasing fervor. Postal 
facilities improve. and almost every day 
somethingin the mail line gladdens the 
eyes of the men, Xor are rumors want- 
ingthatthe departure is at hand. While 
the Guards do not succumb to the grim 
destroyer, almost every day sees some 



62 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



])(ior l)oy"s remains laid away in the 
£::i"ave. Some donlitless tlnm.i^'lit of the 
rhymes, famiUar in 1m ivhcn id's da\s. 
frnm '"riie lUirial nf Sir John Aloore"; 

"No useless coltin enclosed his breast. 
Nor in sheet nor in shrouil we bound 
him, 

But he lay like a warrior taking his rest. 
With his martial cloak around liim." 
At the best, only a blanket or half of a 
slu'lter-tent is de\'iited to en wrappinL;' 
the cla_\- now to ni(_ilder baek U> kin- 
dred earth. 

August moves slowly alont;- with few- 
variations. Men are .^oin.L;- to the h(]s- 
pital and returniuL;- thence. an<l all are 
A\(indering what the\- are sta\'in!i' for. 
"J1ie eitjhth da_\- br<iught the paymaster, 
andcMmpensation fi ir two months. Then 
the chief lacking- was a place where the 
]iaymij;ht l:)e profitabl}- spent. The sur- 
roundings afforded nothing, and there 










M 



"Ve Brave O 



was not e\en the old-time solace of a 
sutler with his high-priced commodities. 
( >ne might wonder where the chaplain 
iif the .Second was during all these try- 
ingh(iurs,but the records appear singu- 
larly silent as t(i the offices of this gen- 
tleman. Tfhe were the ministering angel 
that arni_\' clergymen are supposed to 
be. niithing of his deeds reached the 
ears of Compan\- A. hut over in the 
Twenty-secrind Regulars was a chap- 
lain who had the ears and hearts of his 
men. irres])ecti\-e of creed. The jiriest, 
Ivither Fitzgerald, though his faith was 
fdreign ti i that c if nuist of the men in 
the Seciiud. his ccmiing was hailed with 
a|)planse ami gratitude, for they knew 
hmv faithfull}- he had ministered to 
the Ixiys in their suffering. 

It was during these days that Col. 
Jdhn V . Marsh of Springfield, and later 
llalleck Bartlett of Worcester, visited 
the camp un Good Samaritan errands, 
but siimehiiw theformer"s ministrations 
did nut appear to reach man\- of those 
supposed to be interested. Indeed. one 
s'lldier of .\ Com])any says: ".-\11 the 
lemons ami other \-iands we got. we 
stole." There is nothing so direct nor 
Commendable as militar\- frankness, 
though thise-\tenuation ma\- be oft'ered. 
that the soldier usually discriminated in 
his reaching after things. ( )n the loth 
day there came to C"<ilonel Clark an 
order that was lietter for sick men than 
any medicine possilile. It was to the el- 
feetthaton the next da_\ or that follow- 
ing the Second would start for home. The 
bugle-call summoning the cifficers to 
headcpiarters ,ga\e added weight to the 
news. This da}- came the khaki tmi- 
forms, for\\-hich measurements had been 
made in July. That they might be well 
off with the .lid bef.ire they were on 
with the new. orders were gixen that all 
the cast-off' clothing slK.iuld be luu-ued. 
If this order had been literallv obeved, 



CITY GUARDS. COMPANY A. 



t)3 




frmn 9 a.m. U> 5 o'cldck in the after- 
noon, the men had been all but naked, 
for the clothing did not appear as early 
as expected. One of the absurdities, in 
this enforced burning, was that all 
under-clothing was retained so that 
fever germs were still on hand. How- 
ever, consistency was ever a jewel that 
very few possess. When the new khakis 
did come, there was a general stripping, 
and bonfires were started, into which 
war-worn garments were thrown. This 
destruction of ap])arel was not on ac- 
count of the ])resence of the peculiar 
curse of arnn-life. viz., \erniin. for the 
rule of cleanliness had been quite too 
generally enforced for this calamity. Inil 
that there might be carried to the States 
no trace oi yellow fever, the dread of 
all hot climates. Though the Second 
wasencanii)ed for some time in its final 
location, the camp was so thoroughly 



p< diced and the tents so constantly 
aired and stirred uji that the pcdiculits 
iiirl^oris found no lodgment — a fact 
which the fathers of these voimg sol- 
diers claim renders their armv expe- 
rience much less varied than that of 
i86i-'65. 

The departure from this land of liie 
palm should not be made without further 
reference to the stifferings of the men 
from causes which seemingly might 
ha\e been avoided. For instance, was 
•dierenot some way to give the sick men 
i)etter accommodation than the old 
railroad station afforded? A\'indowless, 
with leaky roof, it kept out very little 
of the wind and rain. As for doctors, 
there were scores, hundreds of men in 
the States anxious to help here, but they 
had no chance. Both Surgeon Bowen 
and Assistant Surgeon Hitchcock were 
themselves in hospital, where Bowen 
died, and Second Assistant Gates had 
been|detailed for dut\- in one of the reg- 
ular regiments. so that for two days the 
.'^eci md was without any medical attend- 
ance. W hen Surgeon Gates did return, 
he clid all that mortal man could do, and 
for his work the luen can never be grate- 
ful enough, nor will they forget the 
contract surgeon, who also seemingly 
thoroughly sensed the situation. Offi- 
cers and men did all they could to have 
the luxury of a liath. but places had to 
lie sought with diligence. Guards were 
stationed to prevent the defiling of 
those streams whence drinking water 
was secured, so men woidd go oft' in 
pairs to find some trickling rill, and. 
collecting the drojis in canteens, would 
take turns in pouring the contents over 
their respective persons. All the time, 
from any elevation the sea or harbor 
was in sight, and why were they not 
permitted to take reviving dips therein? 
As with Lord Dundreary, this is one 
of the things no "fellah" can find out. 



64 



WORCESTER IN THE SrANISH WAR. 



Tlie famous Round Robin episode is 
recalled wherein the heads of regiments 
protested against certain action, and 
the difference between regular and vol- 
unteer officers became a])iiarent when 
the former would say. "I hope }'ou will 
do all ^•ou can to [irevent the sending 
of the men back into the hills. With 
you it will make no dit^erence. but 
with us it means the loss of position in 
our way upward. If the men go to the 
hills, few if any will ever return." 
Fortunately the men did n(.)t make the 
tri]) to the interior, and the epidemic 
of yellow jack was avoided. 



V:^ 




If Comjianv A at an\- time had a 
mascot.it was wlun the boys came into 
possession of a burro which, lik^' all 
beasts of her order and sex. was known 
as Jennie. -She was the nmst useful and 
patient of animals, and. under the care 
of Private Mills, became a marvel of 
helpfulness. Water had to be brought 
some distance, so with characteristic 
ingenuity the manager of ihe caraxan 
had fitte.l up a saddle, upon which the 
bovs coubl hang their canteens, and 



thus caparisoned the procession of 
donkey and driver would set forth to the 
watering-place, ^^'hile the soldier was 
fillingthe canteens. Jennie was allowed 
to roll, crop the herbage, and disport 
herself as she chose. \\'hen again load- 
ed with her water_\- burden, she would 
return to camp in the steadiest of jogs, 
with the loss of never a drop. In camp 
she was a general pet, and would eat 
hardtack like an old campaigner. As the 
curr\ing of her hairy coat was a gener- 
al diversion, she became exceedingly 
sleek and fat. Had there not been an 
orderforbidding the taking on board of 
all animals, save officers' horses, the boys 
would have devised some means to 
bring their Cuban friend home with 
them. As it was, she Ijecame an in\'alua- 
ble adjunct to Lieut. I'lummer in his 
subsecjuent stay, and, finally, she was 
given to a Cuban boy who had been 
helpful anil useful aliout the camp and 
hospital. The l)oys tell, with great 
gusto, the storv of Jennie's failure to 
show up one morning and the conse- 
quent consternation. The disappearance 

•-of Santiago itself could scarcely have 
ilisturljcd them more. Had some envi- 
ous cc:)mpany or regiment stolen the 
beast? Search-parties were organized 

, at <ince, and most diligently was the 
ueigh1)oriug region scrutinized. It was 
the Captain's good fortune to tind the 
lost animal closeK- wound u]) in her 
hitch-rope, and so interlaced with 
bu^lu■s and undergrowth that she had 
inexitably starved had not the disco\'ery 
been made. The hurrah which anncjunced 
Jennie's return was similar to that 
which accomiianies the home-coming 
of a search party \vith the joyful shout, 
"The child which was lost is found." 
.Xugu^t iith saw the camp in all the 
bustle of ]ireparation to leave. How 
ha|)py the boys were over the thought 
of ^eeinti" home again. Everv heart 



CITY C.UARDS, COMPANY A. 



66 



pulsates more rapklly and appetite 
quickens with visions of Worcester and 
her well-spread tables. As the Captain 
and his lieutenants see the sun i;o down, 
thev remark, "It is the last time we 
shall see the sun disappear over that 
cursed hill." Hut at that very moment 
there was in theCaptain's possessionan 
order commanding one of his associates 
to forego his home-returning, and to 
remain in Culia to look after the wants 
of the sick who could not then lie 
moved. Thinking the Lieutenant w(juld 
rest better with the thought of going 
home in his mind, the special order was 
withheld till the morning of the I2th 



prevent the introduction of yellow 
fever into tlie I'nited States. .\s the 
days went (5n, his horses died, and lie 
could get no more; then jeiniie, the 
ddukey, worked in and she was very, 
\ery useful. The LieuUnant had a 
small ])(icket I'lilile, which iKcamevery 
much like a prayer-bi n ik in his minis- 
trations over the dead. ( ira\es were dug 
by the Cubans, who would accompany 
the officer in his placing the departed 
in the ground, but being very supersti- 
tious the least rustle of a leaf became 
to them the presence of disembodied 
spirits, and the_\- were off at once, leav- 
ing the lone soldier to his gruesome 




. G. Standish. 



Jos. T. I. 



after breakfast. Then Lieutenant 
I'lummer had his late announced. Like 
a true soldier he took his orders with- 
out a grimace, an<l onl}' said, "If rir- 
dered to remain, I shall sta_\' an<l do my 
duty." That he did his duty most ef- 
fectually, every one at all con\ersant 
with the facts agree. Before the regi- 
ment had departed, he had appropriated 
all the regimental and hospital tents. 
and had the poor fellows from the rail- 
road-station apology for a hospital car- 
ried into them. The design was to have 
those too weak to go on the trans- 
port detained, that they might follow 
on the hospital boat ; also to carefully 



task: but he, stout of heart, wcjuld read 
o\'er the grave words from his holy 
l)oi)k, and then return to his quarters, 
which each da_\' grew mure lonely. Cer- 
tain men were detailed frcun other 
companies to remain with Lieutenant 
Plummer, The torture to which these 
soldiers were thus subjected was akin 
to that which Tantalus and Sisyphus 
underwent. From all sides, both in his 
own company and from others, come 
continuous praises of the way otir Lieu- 
tenant did his duty. Like Jim Bludsoe 
in the rhyme — 

"He see his duty a dead sure thing, 
.\nd he went for it there and tlien." 



Gti WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

It was early in the mrirnini^' of the uth flat-1ioat is trying ^o get rid of its load, 

that the eoninianil was L;i\en fur all tn thuugh with indifferent success. There 

fallin whii th(iiiL;ht they could stand the was Lieut. \'esper, too sick to help 

trip home, and it must redoimd to the himself, and his men. too feeble to help 

credit of Company Athat not a man was him. I'rom Compau}- .\ the cry came, 

missing fmni the ranis'^ exce])t Private "It's u]i tn us to do this jol)" ; and thus 

Fairl;)anks.wh:> was absent on duty, and intrusting their guns to near-1)}- com- 

certain ones who ha<l been sent honie. rades, men enough jumped on board the 

Thoughman\' had been on the sick list, craft, tied the I^ieutenant into his chair, 

and even then were \er\- shak\- ou their and with two men ahead and two bc- 

legs, not a man had xielded to the arch hind he was elevated up the ship's side, 

enemv, but each and ever\- one could andthe way was soon made clear for the 

still answer, "Here." They march o\-er contents of the "Laura and Bessie." 

to headquarters, where thev are in- ( )n board the M<Tl_iile, the story of the 

spected hv the surgeon, who finall\- cle- Knickerbocker was in a measure re- 

cides that I'ischershould remain for the ])eated. There was lack of ])reparation. 

betterappointmentsiif the lios])ital boat. The two regular regiments had had the 

Still there are men who can not endure pick of places, and there was left for the 

the march to the docks, so the_\- are car- Second only second or third choice, 

ried in arm\- wagons, and e\-en then Still Yankee ingenuit\' did not entirely 

some of them faint in transit. It was a fail them, and the}- fin.ally, by purchase 

sorrv looking lot of men who marched or otherwise, secured quarters not the 

away from the camji of so many <lays. worst possible. The sick-ba}" was on 

Mollo\v-e}-ed, yellow-skinned, and limp- the first or ujiper deck in the after part, 

ing along, they must ha\e excited the and its co\ering afforded scant protec- 

astcinishment of the inhaliitants as they tion from rain, which fretpiently fell in 

went through ; and thrrc would be little torrents, while the sun at times beat 

Wonder if some .Spaniards, among the down up(in the men most pitilessly, 

onlookers, did not reproach themselves Hammocks were gi\'eii out as far as 

o\er the thought that tliey had sin-ren- they would go. and then men who had 

dered to such a sickl_\ -looking crew as nionew and all h;id been recentl}' paid, 

these departing .\mericans were. Their made dickers with the crew, so that 

way into town was o\-er the road that some had as gond as the best. In the 

their own ingenuity and industry had same way many impro\e<l their foo(l- 

built. an<I o\er the roughly ])aved rations. The fare for the sick was not 

streets of the city, they come to the adai)ted to their wants, and they had to 

wharf, only to find that the lighters are take the regular rounds of hardtack and 

not on hand, having had already the canned stutt. or nothing. The men fre- 

c;irr\'ing of the other regiments of the (piently had not strength to lirush off 

brigade to the transport .Mobile, which the tlies which settled over their faces, 

drew too many feet of water to admit Those who cared for the sick were only 

of her approach to the dock. I'.ut a bit better off than their i>atients. 

t-\erything comes to him who waits. The grand start for home is made on 

and at last, by means of the "Laura the 13th, and dinner call is unheede<l in 

and Bessie," r<impany A nears the ves- theanxiety of the men to take a parting 

s-1, but as usual there \vas something look at Santiago — "St. James"the word 

between the luen and fruition, for a is in Lnglish \ernacular — but there is 



CIT^' (irARDS, COMPANY A. 



67 




nothing saint-like in the reflections of 
the men of the Second as they steam 
a\va\-. Through the neck of the bottled- 
up harbor the Mobile passes, close to 
the sunken Merrimack, e^"idcnce of 
Lieutenant Hol)son's bravery, near the 
wrecked Reina Mercedes, trophy of the 
deeds of Jidy ^d. and on yonder frown- 
ing height is F.l Morro, grim reminder 
of davs when such battlements were de- 
fenses. Xow. armed with her guns of 
centurv make, the fort is scarcel_\- bet- 
terthan a curiosity sho]). The next day, 
as thev steamed along towards h(jme, 
there is seen in the distance a trace of 
smoke, which soon develops into a ves- 
sel, and, from the blackened clouds 
which come from the stacks, it is evi- 
dent that she ismakingsteam. The con- 
dition of peace negotiatons was not 
known on board, and the English cap- 
tain hadnorelishfor a S|>anish capture, 
so he calls for help to crowd in the c<ial 
in his own fm-naces. The same is readily 
given by the men. but the stranger has 
greater spee<l and rapidly overhauls, 
though he is in such a direction that his 
colors can not be made out. .\t last 



there comes from his bow a puff of 
-moke, lint the Mol)ili' .lues not slack- 
en; then follows a solid .shot. and. in 
tiring it, the direction of the boat is so 
clian.^ed that the Star-spangled Banner 
is shown. The Mobile slows down as 
\ isions of a Spanish prison disappear, 
andasthegunboat " Yankee"comes near 
is heard the call, "'Who is it?" W hen 
due answer is made the .Mobile's com- 
]ian\- learns that their pursuer has on 
lizard a contingent of the Massachusetts 
\a\al .Militia, S(j with a hearty exchange 
Mf Hay Statecheersthe vessels separate, 
t onipauN .V ha<I no intention of going 
lnmgr\'. ami Captain Barrett gave him- 
self entirel\- to the help and comfort of 
his men. .\ little judicious use of l.'ncle 
Sam'.^ currency madehim solid with the 
cook, hence when the boilers were not 
otherwise employed, they were making 
soup for Com])any A. To get tlie same 
to the boys without exciting the sus- 
picions of other companies, was the 
chief trouble. \\ hen tlie proper time 
came, a couide of men would approach, 
and, co\-ering their wash-boiler of soup 
with a rubber blanket, they would cjui- 
etlv get back to their own, bearing also 
a fresh biscuit for each man, all this 
l)eing so much extra in their regular ra- 
tions ;thusmuch for care and foresight. 
In this home-coming there was no 
sound so dreaded as that (if three bells, 
when the \essel stopped, and all knew 
that some poor body was to be con- 
signed to the deep. It was not a long 
pause, but chills ran thr<nigh forms not 
accustomed to fear at the thought, "The 
next lot ma\- be mine." In this way the 
Worcester boys saw the body of their 
staunch friend and comrade of Companj' 
C. Harry B. Went worth, disappear. 
Could it be possible that his stalwart 
frame had wasted away till scarcely 
more than a skeleton was committed to 
the sea? ( )n the fourth da\- out all that 



68 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



was mortal of Lieut. \'csper. wlnim 
Company A 1iii\s had helped aljoard, 
was.sfivenan iicean burial. \\'ith rations 
good and had behind them, with their 
campaign on foreign shores ended, late 
in the afternoon of the i8th of August 
land is sighted, and our bo_\-s see again 
their native shore. Xever did it look 
dearer, and it were not strange if there 
were some stern resolves to never 
leave it more. Peace settles down on 
troubled souls, and to Captain ISarrett 
the sight is ]iarticidarly consoling, for 
now he can lay aside his cares and take 
the first sound sleep that had fallen 
upon his e\elids since the departure 
from Santiago Harbor. "Uneasy lies 
the head that wears a crown." 

The morning of the 19th of August 
re\ealed the eastern extremity of Long 
Island, X. v.. known in geographx' as 
Montauk I'oint; and an imobstructed 
sight of any part of (iod's country 
gave satisfaction to the fever-stricken 
soldiers, but an immediate lam.ling 
was out of the (piestion, since a hunt 
for \ello\v-fe\er symptoms must be 
had before fcn-a firiihi can be touche(l. 
As a ])reliminar\ all the men are drawn 
up in line near their respectix'e quar- 
ters, and (piarantine ])h\sicians care- 
fully inspect each jaundiced voyager. 
]-"orlunately. Company .\ reveals no 
sus])ect. so all may go ashore as far as 
the yellow danger is concerned. While 
the inspection is in ])rogress. Captain 
JJarrett, realizing how anxious the 
folks at home \v(juld lie to know how 
the boys had endured the return trip, 
wrote certain words ui)on a stri|) of 
pa|ier ami, \\i'ap|iing the same around 
a siher doll;ir, threw the missile to ;in 
app.arently IkjucsI party, \\ilh the 
statement that he might retain the 
change after forwarding the message 
by telegraph. This telegram was to 
Mrs. Barrett in \\'oi-ccster. and was as 



follows: "Every one in Company A 
alix'e. Please notify papers." This 
message, received and gi\-en to the 
local press, was the very first intima- 
tion that ^^'orcester had of the condi- 
tion of the returning Company, ( )n 
this day. only the sick left the boat, but 
papers and letters from home and the 
outside world were received. 

The20th brings the real deljarkation, 
and as usual when anything of the kind 
was to be done, the Captain of .\ Com- 
panv had the task of superintending 
the unloading. Selecting men from 
each company, and with forty steve- 
dores, the work was begitn, and pro- 
gressed steadily till, at 4 p,m., every 
man was off the Iioat. Those unable 
to walk had 1)een sent forward in wag- 
ons, and the transport itself was swept 
and garnished in an unusual manner. 
Recognizing the merit of the work, the 
ski])per of the craft made a present to 
the Captain of a nice cane-seated deck- 
ch;iir. a utensil highh' appreciated in 
the following days of Alontauk sta_\-, 
though Ca])tain P.arrett had little time 
to occupy it hiniself. .\t 4 o'clock, the 
last load was starte<l for camp, and 
"good-by" was said to the :\Iol)ile. de- 
tention camp ma\- have been a mile 
from the landing place, but in the 
men's condition the distance seemed 
much greater. Confusion ruled su- 
preme, and few ai)pliances necessary 
to camp life were at haml. The tents 
were small and insufficient, while the 
elevatetl site of the camp gave the wind 
fidl sweep, a libert}' it was not slow to 
take, and, coming as it did at a temper- 
ature frequently as low at ()5 degrees 
I'ahr.. it played ha\'oc with boys ac- 
climated to the torrid too degrees and 
o\er of Cid)a. Had the go\-ernment 
sent the transport to some southern 
])<irt and thus accnsti.iuied the return- 
imj' in\aliils "raduall\-, verv likelv men 



CITY Cl'ARnS, COMPAXY A. 



69 




might be alive to-day who then suc- 
cumbed to the straiu. As it was. uiany 
of those who lived are. after these 
nearly four years, still hacking and 
coughing from the bronchial troubles 
engendered by the easterly winds of 
Long Island. 

Remembering nature's first law in 
the matter of self-preservation, certain 
thoughtful members of "A" became the 
possessors of a complete lluzzacott 
outfit which had been dumped from the 
wagons. It was true that it did not 



lielong to them, but what Ijooted that 
so long as it was in use, and used it 
was constantly, ."^oon after arriving in 
camp, there was a distrilmlion of beef, 
and the Captain, with l'ri\ate \\ eixler, 
set about preparing a meal of tooth- 
some quality for the men. so that be- 
fore 7 o'clock every man in the com- 
pany had had a piece of steak, a boiled 
potato, and a cup of cofifee. They then 
set about the preparation of a soup for 
breakfast. In the midst of their work 
thev were inspected by certain soldiers 



70 WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

not of "A." who. in \vhisi)crc(l words. sidcred contag-ious. On the last day in 

dL-chind their ])chi'f that tlu- cookin.s; this ]>hiCL' CaiJtain Allen of the Li.ght 

outfit was theirs, and also their deter- Infantry, who for some time had been 

mination to caiiture it when a g-ood in \\'orcester on account of illness, 

chance oft'ere(l. To ])re\ent an}- such came to the regiment, hringing with 

calamitv. the plant, when the souii was him a goodly array of both solid and 

cooked, was mo\e<l into a tent, and a li(|uid refreshments, which he shared 

half dozen of the men stood guard over not only with C Company, but with all 

it, ready to "fight till the last armed the Worcester boys. Also this day 

foe exi)ired,"' rather than surrender a there was another examination made 

droj) of soup or an ounce of the appa- by the physicians, and some men were 

ratus. The name of that jolly old sent to the hospitals and thus iirema- 

rebel, ( ieneral loe Wheeler, was given turely home, but at this date it is fair 

to the camp, and the men jjroceeded to to conclude that they acted in accord 

make the best of their quarantine. with their liest judgment. 

I'"or four (lavs thev were detained in ( )n the 24th came the orders to leave 

this place till, through their failure to (|uarantine. and the men were nothing 

develop the vellow scourge, it was loath to obey. Tacking up was soon 

deemed safe to let them ])ass out. d(jne. and then they marched away. 

During this time the Captain of the The sudden change from the heat of 

Citv Cuards was appointed brigade Culia to the cool air of Montauk did 

])olice inspector, i. e.. to look after the not produce the effect desired ; on the 

cleanliness of the camps, ami it Avas no contrary many men sickened (|uickly. 

small honor for a cai)tain of \dlunteers and dysentery, malarial and ty])hoid 

to lie thus designated when there were fevers were very common. Captain 

tw^o regiments of regulars in the bri- I'.arrett had to look after his own men 

gade. \'erv likelv (ieneral Ludlow re- in the removal, and also see that the 

nuMubered some of the Captain's work camp was left in a proper condition, 

in Culia. and knew thai this duty To this he sujiposed he had given 

would be ilone with the same faithful- ])roper attention, when he was accost- 

ness. llo\ve\i-r. his directions were re- ed by a _M_)ung man. possibly a recent 

cei\ed and executed with the utmost \\ est-l'ointer. riding a horse and pro- 

;dacrit\-. recpiiring in only one instance claiming himself an assistant inspector, 

a (piolation of regulations to let the I le wanted to know who had the polic- 

regnlar M.ajor understand that the in- ing in charge, and was informed that 

spector knew what he w.as .about. ( )ne he was addressing that officer himself, 

of the tantalizing featiu'es of the deten- Whereupon there was an exchange of 

tion was the nearness of \isiling friends cixilities. in which our Worcester Cap- 

and \et tlu'ir iin|)assal)le distance. As tain lost none of his dignit}- nor stand- 

with the soulhrrn |)risi]ns of the Kebel- ing. but the young Lieutenant did learn 

lion days, tlu-rc- was ;i so-called dead- that even a graduate of the military 

line, across which only Ceneral Ludlow academy may be at times just a bit 

andtheiioliceins|)ector could go. Long- fresh. The upshot of the matter was 

distance talking was indulged in. liow- that the assistant informed theCaptain 

ever, and kod.ak possessors shot over that he shouhl report him for derelic- 

llu- line, tlu' im|iression received tion and inci\ility. \\'hen C.eneral 

through i)liotograi)hy not being con- Ludlow in(|uired of Cajstain L.arrett 



CITV GLARDS, COMl'ANV A. 




concerning- the interview, he was 
speedily satisfied that his young officer 
had displayed zeal without knowledge. 
There are only twn dax's of stay in 
the general infantr^• cam]), but on the 
25th come Lieutenant Liicke. D. D. 
McTaggart. George W. Hubbard and 
Luke Davis, all from ^\'orcester. the 
last named being the father of one of 
the company, and Mr. Hubliard was 
known to all as the long-time care- 
taker of the Armory. There are so 
many rumors of departure for home 
that few can enjoy the really comforta- 
ble appointments of the camp, nor the 
food which b\- contrast seems to be 



actuall}- luxurious, Mr, McTaggart, 
formerly one of the Guards, took pic- 
tures of the company, some of whose 
members had changed so mtich that he 
did not recognize them. Also the reg- 
iment marched before a biograph, and 
for aught the men know, in some far- 
awav museum, they are marching still. 
All the arms and ammunition of the 
soldiers were turned over to the bri- 
gade ordnance officer, and those thus 
giving up their guns were not a little 
delighted at hearing the officer say that 
theirs were the only ones in the regi- 
ment returned in a fair condition. 



72 WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

[f the ik'])arture of the \\'orcester seemed to lie the nicest of chicken 
ccintin.^ent liad heen thus far the most sandwiches, Init not one did she offer 
momentous e\ent in its history, then to him. Finall}- he mustered up cour- 
the stor\- of the 27th of Aug-ust was to a^e to asls: her what she purposed do- 
croAvd it liard. since this was the day ins;' with the contents of the Isasket. 
of tile home returning. "I.et not him "Whw" sairl she. "I am .c^ivins' them to 
that !:,dr(k-th on his harness Ijoast him- tlie poor sohher boys, just back from 
self as he that ])Utteth it off." .\s early Cn1)a." "Well," says our doughty offi- 
as 4._^o a.m. some in the camp were cer in his most melancholy tone, "What 
astir, and for his breakfast each man is the matter with giving- me one. for 
had two l)i>iled eggs, bread and butter I was in Cuba?" Imagine his feel- 
with a cu]i of coft'ee. Then standing ings when the good woman responded, 
in front of the fire the Captain gave to "( )h, no, you couldn't have been there, 
each man a drink of porter or whiskey. for }ou are too fat." How little sym- 
Thus su|iplied it was with almost a patliy rotund peo]de receive on their 
spring\" step these malarial poisemed waA' through the world! 'Tis said, 
lads set out for the steamer I'.lock li(n\ever, that the Captain convinced 
Island, alioard which they went at 7 the (iood Samaritan that he had suf- 
a.m., an earl\- start, but necessary, if fered with the bo}-s, and so ca|)tured 
the close of the dav were to see the his sandwich. Hoarding the north- 
men at home. Lieutenant-C(;ilonel ward-l)ound train, the Second Regi- 
Shumwa\- and Captain i'.arrett attend- nient was en route for home via 
ed to the loading of the boat, and at I 'aimer. At the several stops through 
7.45 she steamed awav from the wharf the Land of Steady Habits, the hospi- 
with her |)row directed towards Xew tality of many coming on the train, 
London. liowe\'er well meant, was in some in- 

The Connecticut city was fully alive stances of that excitable nature that 

to the situati.m, for a sea of faces the dispensing of liquids had to be for- 

greeted the arrival of the steamer, and biilden. though coffee ami milk were 

among the dwellers in the city were not considered contraband. Ceneros- 

many who had come down from Wor- ity even reached the pitch of passing 

cester to accompany the boys home, around cigars. .\t Palmer there came 

among them C.eneral Fred W. W\-\- a separation of the regiment, part 

lington, whose stalwart proportions going to the westward, wdiile the Wor- 

drew from an onlooking citizen the cester comi)anies turned towards the 

words, "ll\- ( leorge ! there is a man east. 

who stood the camiiaign well. He At state line, where the imaginary 

doesn't look as if he'd l)een in Cuba, boundary separates Comiecticut and 

docs he?" Xor were the attentions of .Massachusetts, Covernor Roger Wol- 

the goo(l people confined t.i ex|)res- cott came aboard, and it was a par- 

sions of symi)athy. for the\ knew that ticularly pleasant thing for him to thus 

hearts are often reached through the welcome home the survivors of those 

stomach, hence the l)askets well filled whom, a few months before, he had 

with the finest of food. ( )ne lady in reviewed upon their Framingham 

particular had repeatedly flitted past campground. Passing through each 

the first officer of .\ Company, and he car he gave the boys a chance to know 

had noticed the i)resence of what that he had not f.irgotten them. At 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 




Palmer there was a large delegation of 
^^'orcester friends with more refresh- 
ments. It really began to look as 
though the people of the sister states 
had begun to think the boys hollow to 
their heels, and some of them were re- 
duced to the condition nt that news- 
boy at the charity dinner who could 
chew, but couldn't swallnw. Among 
the visitors were Dr. A. C. X. Petersen, 
Dr. E. H. Trowljridge, Lieutenant 
Liicke, Harry Merritt. and others. 
Not only did they bring food, but they 
brought w-aiters as well, whose duty it 
was to anticipate every want of the 
returning soldiers, while the physi- 
cians looked after the sick. 

It was at 3.45 p.m. that the train 
rolled into Union Station. Ever}l)od_\- 
in Worcester who could get there was 



present to see the boys come home. 
How pleased they were ! Even the 
long-enduring lions, that for more than 
a quarter of a century have borne the 
burden of the w^ondrous arch, were ob- 
served to change countenance as the 
Worcester boys debarked. The multi- 
tude was in a ra]nurous mood, and 
was readv to cheer and take each boy 
to its heart, but when the yellow- 
skinned, emaciated forms appeared, 
the shouts died upon the lips of the 
crowd, and sound gave place to tears. 
Carriages had been secured for such 
as could not march, but Company A 
had decided to walk, cost what it 
might. ( )n the way down from Palmer 
the Captain had mounted a seat, and, 
stating the situation, closed by saying, 
"Xow, boys, I propose to walk; how 



74 WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 

is it with VdU?" With a mighty cheer Yet every hein.c: in that welcoming 

thev voted to a man to follow their crowd of citizens was rejoiced to his 

Ca|)tain. Thus when the train was de- heart's core that the boys had reached 

serted, the line of march was taken u]) home once more, and only regretted 

through the familiar ways, never look- his inal)ility to take each fever-racked 

ing dearer than now as they are re- liody and breathe into it the fire and 

turning from the field of danger and energy with which it was filleil when, 

honor. Again thev are ])receded Ity the four months before, the men had de- 

dulcet strains fn.m the T.attery 1'. Band, parted. Though pressed upon by the 

wdiile, as of yore, the ( '.. .\. R. and the multitu<le to the point of obstruction. 

Sons of A'eterans act as escort. At though in many cases every step was 

Salem Scpiare. I'.atterv 1! salutes them fraught with pain, not a man fell out, 

with twentv-one guns, and now, if l)Ut each one stuck to his place till the 

never before, they are sure that they .Armory was reached, 

are of age. ( >f the si.xty-seven men \\ hen the familiar structure was 

who on Mav .v' marched away, there gained, each coin])any was dismissed 

are fiftv-four now in line, all who are to its respective room, and soon Com- 

not in hospital or for some reason left l>any A is in its ,iwn: then follow the 

behind. Lieutenant I'lummer, with greetings and the congratulations and 

. Privates l-'ischer and Ivairbanks, were the leave-takings, for Americans sepa- 

left in Cuba: Artificer Cla])]), with rate easily. The Cai)tain, who had not 

Privates l'"orest and Torkelson, are at been away from his men a day in their 

Montauk in the general h.ispital, while whole service, speaks a few words of 

Sergeant Sawyer, with Privates Chris- good-by, till with broken voice, over- 

tenson and Israel, are in the detention come by his emotion, he had to cease, 

camp hospital at Montank. though he diil manage to advise his 

It is a svm])athetic mass of humanity loyal followers to avoid inunediately 

that strives for just a glance, of the re- over-eating and drinking, and always 

turning brave. ■'Jobnuy" was truly a drsire to \\w on their rei)Utation>. 

marching home again, but he was not Then the boys ga\e their cherished 

coming in ihe manner outlined in the leader three royal cheers, and the day 

S(jng. The ])o\s were ready to shout. was ended. P,efore departing for their 

the men to cheer, and the ladies had all homes, a brief meeting was held to ar- 

turned out. but these parboiled, hoi- r.ange for the a|)proacliing annixersary, 

low-eyed, limping objects were not the biU as the men were without ecpiip- 

beings the\ e.\|iected to see, and how ments, the annual observance was 

could the throng "feel gay" though given up, and with propriety, for they 

really and trul\ ■'johnny" was march- had already a memoral)le celebration, 

ing home. Slowly and with h.alting 1 lacks had been provided to carry the 

.step the march was made. ;ind, though wearied seibliers to their homes, but 

the flag was then- and ihe nuisic beat oxrr the rece])lion accorded each valor- 

upon the air and the cannon llumdere<l ous s. ju within the privacy of the domes- 

their greeting, someh(.iw the rc-turn did tic circle, the public has nothing to do. 

not measm-e uj) to what had been writ- A si.xty days' furlough was the boon 

ten and spoken. o\ er and o\ er again. given to the men. and they made the 

''when the troo|)s come marching home most (jf it. though there were some who 

atrain with triad and i.;allant tread." could not wait the end thereof before 



CITV GUARDS, (.(iMI'AW A. 



embarking upon some enterjjrisc. so 
inapt is the average American tn a life 
of idleness. Thonoh every man had 
returned alive to America, SejitemVier 
3d, one of those who had come back t(_> 
Worcester passed over to the majority ; 
too feeble for the Armory march, he 
was driven iionie at once. Henry ileau- 
doin, known in the company as Hnard- 
man. the soldier who had won distinc- 
tion at El Caney, much to the .i^rief and 
surprise of his comrades had sickened 
after reaching Montauk, and so sur- 
vived his home-coming only a week. 
A deputation of the Company at the fu- 
neral was the least that the sorrowing 
friends could send in memory of one 
whom they loved. September 30 came 
news that George Leon Forest had died 
in St. Peter's Hospital, llrooklyn. of 
tviihoid fe\-er. ()\-er his remains, which 
were sent tn Worcester, his comrades 
paid their cmnidiment of presence and 
recollection. He had l:)een a g<iod and 
faithful soldier, and all lamented his 
earlv death. 

A variation in the general trend of 
affairs is had when, furloughs having 
expired, on the 24th of October all 
hands are ordered to report at the 
.Krniorv for a term of dut)- there. For 
ten da\s llie\- are to resume the rou- 
tine of a soldier's life, with the conces- 
sion of a choice between sleeping there 
or at home, but all must he on hand for 
roll-call. Landlord Roliert Kes>ell .if 
the City Hotel has Ijeen employed t.i 
supplv meals, and it does not look like 
a \-erv severe round of duty to which 
they are introduced. For sevent_\--five 
cents per da_\- for each man he sets an 
excellent table, and for the nonce the 
boys almost forget Cuba and its "prime 
canned roast beef." The duties im- 
posed were not arduous, consisting 
principally in ndl-call, standing guard 
within the Armor^•, and an occasional 



drill, the latter exercise counting as 
one of thf cardinal \irtues in the mind 
of the Captain. During the interval 
lietween the return .-md the muster-out, 
the otTicers a(le(|nalel\ bestowed the 
linic in making out the rolls, account- 
ing fi ir property, etc. 

.Xovember 2d there was a meeting 
of the Company to consider varying 
])hases of the pro]io>ed mnster-otU. as 
to i)av, etc.. but from the gathering 
nothing came, since the government 
took the entire matter into its own 
hands, and di<l with the men as it liked. 
( )u the next day came tlu' momentous 
trip to S|)riugtiel(l. The train was 
taken in L'nion Station ;a '1.33 a.m. .\t 
() o'cliick came a para<le of the regi- 
ment, which was re\iewed b_\- the (jov- 
eruor and staff, the Mayor of Spring- 
field, and the city government, thus 
graihiall\- reaching the auspicious mo- 
ment of final and eft'ectual release. 
which came to Com])an\- .\ at 11.20 
a.m. in the Howard Street .\rniory. our 
Citv ( iiiards being the \ery tirst ti> re- 
ceive their muster-out at the hands of 
Lieutenant Edmunds of the United 
States .\rmy. 

Thus ended the nearly six months of 
service for the nation. The men went 
to Springfield as soldiers, each and 
e\er\- oik- imder authority: they re- 
turned as citizens, owing obedience to 
no one or thing save the general laws 
of the land, but very likely to be better 
men for the discipline of service. They 
took a stipulated morning train under 
orders; the_\- retm-ne<l when they chose. 
The Citv (niards had done their duty, 
had resjionded in the day of national 
])eril, and while there was no long roll 
of casualties upon the battlefield, each 
man felt that he had done his duty, 
and that the campaign of 1898 in the 
Spanish War had ad<led to the laurels 
of Worcester in war. 



76 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




William E. Ca 

(lEORGE I.. FOK 



I 




PH H. 1! 


,AK. 


MA^. 




C. \V. 


We 


IXLE 


R. 


H 


R 


Fay. 


Lev 


■IS M. 


Fay. 


(J. F 


1h 


OMA 






J 


H.Lov 


/ELL 






A. M 


W 


LLS 





CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



THE DEAD IN COM PAX Y A. 



Though not a man in the Company 
succumbed during the Cuban cam- 
paign, tribute had to be paid, and he 
upon the white horse appeared among 
the Guards at last, though his \vork 
was not so severe as in the other com- 
panies. At this time, October, 1904, four 
men have answered the final roll-call : 

Joseph Henry Boardman, son of 
Aimable and ]\Iary Beaudoin, was in 
normal condition when the regiment 
came home, but he immediately sick- 
ened and died September 3d. He was 
born in Worcester, May 12, 1875, and 
at the time of his enlistment was in 
the employ of the Matthews Manufac- 
turing Company. His real name, as in- 
dicated, was of French origin and was 
Englished on his enlistment for greater 
convenience, though the Gallic word 
recalls an early governor of the Com- 
monwealth whose ancestors changed 
the same word from Ileaudnin to Bow- 
(loin. The funeral of the bra\'e young 
man was had from Notre Dame 
Church, and was attended by a detach- 
ment of ten comrades under the com- 
mand (if Captain Barrett and by a fir- 
ing sijuad from the Fifth Regiment, 
then in camp at Framingham. The 
Ijurial was in St. John's Cenu'ter_\'. 

Lewis M. Fay was the son of Wil- 
liam W. and Mattie A. Fay. a native of 
Brookfield. Mo., according to his en- 
rollment. Pioth he and his 1)r(ither were 
residents of \\'orcester when they en- 
listed, their home Ijeing on Chandler 
Street, .\fter the war the family re- 
moved toCalifornia, hoping to stay the 
indications of jnilnK.inary disease which 
had already made their appearance in 
the younger brother. But e\en the 
mild climate of the far-famed land of 
sunshine could not restore the health 



of Lewis, and on the very last day of 
the year 1901, he passed away in the 
cit}" of Monrovia, and there his body 
is buried. 

George Leon Forest. He was another 
young man of French extraction, the 
son of Hormisdas Forest, and his early 
days were spent in the town of Oxford, 
where he had the advantages of the 
public schools, including the high. 
Thence he came to W'orcester, and 
after a course in Hinman's Business 
College, he worked for Johnson & Bas- 
sett ; Barnard, Sumner & Putnam Co. ; 
for the N. E. Telephone Co.. and last 
for the Cereal Food Co. on Jackson 
Street. He had been in the Comjiany 
two years when the war began, .-uid 
naturally he was among the early ones 
to volunteer for the fray. W'lien the 
( lUards returned he did not conic with 
tlicni, having been sent to .St. Peter's 
Hospital in lirooklyn, X. Y., where he 
died October i. at the age of twenty- 
two vears. When in the city he was 
conspicuous in several organizations, 
particularly the Y. M. C. A., in whose 
basketball team he was the star actor, 
being its captain and. in the language 
of the [physical director, the best pla}-er 
in the city. His funeral, at St. Joseph's 
Church, was numerously attended, and 
among those there were twenty-five of 
his own comrades under the command 
of Lieutenant Plummer; also Lieuten- 
ant-colonel Shumway; Secretary C. A. 
I-'enner of the Y. '\\. C A. and Director 
\Wlder. 

Sergeant Edward Robert Riedl was 
of German extraction, though he was 
born in Worcester August 12, 1870, the 
son of Matthew and Louisa (Weidner) 
Riedl. both of whom had come from 
Germanv:the father from Bohemia, the 



78 WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAK. 

mother frnin W'urtcniberg'. The son and nn his return lie (hd nut rallv, l)nt 

was reared in this city and had the g;re\v steathly weaker, until death 

most of his school life on Thomas ended his sufferings Octoljer 21. 1900. 

Street, under the excellent care of Mrs. .\t the time of his death he was stav- 

\\ait. the li lULC-tinie ])rinci|ial nf that iui^- in W'esthoro with Edward Fuller, 

school, lie had lunq- been in the em- in the delusi\e li(i]ie. as it appeared, 

plov of Loijan. Swift & I'.righani as a that he mitjht regain upon the farm the 

shipper : also he was an old-time mem- streni^th he had lost. A memher of 

her of the (iuards. and. as his position St. John's Episcopal Church, his fu- 

vvould indicate, was a favorite among- neral was held there, attended l>v 

his comrades. Seeds of consumption many of his late comrades, and the 

were sown during the Cuban sojourn. burial was in Hope Cemetery. 

AT PRESENT. 

The folliiwing is a list nf members Musician Walter A. Traver. valen- 

connected with the comjianv during tme tactory. 

the war, and, as far as possible, the Artificer Samuel E. Claj,],. machinist. 

W agoner W alter 1 . Urusd. tra\'eling 



present residence and occupation of 
each man. L^nless otherwise stated. 



salesman, Fitchburt 

Private Herbert "P.. Ablxitt, U. S. A. 



the state is Mas.sachusetts ; the place. Private George E. Allisc ni. machinist. 

Worcester: Pri\-ate Herbert -\. Palloii, iiaints 



and oils. 

l'ri\ate Charles .\. I'.arton. electri- 
cian. 

Pri\-ate Ralph H. l'>rigliaiii, art store. 
Second Lieutenant William H. Southbridge ; Captain. Company K, 



Captain Edwin G. Barrett, boot and 
shoe merchant. 

Eirst Lieutenant Moses II. Tisdell, 



salesman. 



Plummer, Mrst Lieutenant. Sixth C S. 
Infantry. 



r.th .M. v. M. 

l'ri\ate Philemon llrule. moulder. 



First' Sergeant Walter II. Allison. Private John 1. I'.rusky. steani- 

Torrey Razor Shop. 'itter. Proyidence. R. I. 

Sergeant Charles A. Poland. laM fac- Private \\ illiani L. Cardm. photog- 

torv, Church Street. raplier. 

.Sergeant |ohn I i. (iowans, pai>er- Private Elmer I. Christenson, b. S. 

hanger. " Arm>-. 

Sergeant i-dbridge I!. Sawver, elec- Private James .\. Lole, blacksmith, 
trician. 



lAerett ' Pri\'ate Henr\- ( i. Coley. clerk, boot 



Sergeant lames T. Cruik^hank, me- 



slioes 



chanic Pri\-ate I'.enjaniin Cooper, carpet 

Corporal Ualph L. Allison, traveling tact.iry. 

Pri\-ate William (1. (."orinvell. ma- 



dalesman. 



CorporaLXrchie 1-'. .\l iirra\'. machinist. chinist. .\ew London, L'omi. 

Corporal John G. Ib-igberg. Legisla- l'ri\ati' ( )rIo W. l)a\is, trucking. 

tor,immigrationins|)ector.St.John..\M;. Private Frank L. Fairbanks, col- 
Corporal Howard K. Hobbs. regis- lector 

try of deeds office. Private Charles A. Fischer, clerk. 

Corporal Herbert K. ra\-. laundr\-, ,, . ,_ . . , . 

c ,V ,• , ■ " I rivate ( )iiincv I'.. 1-ortier. druggist. 

San Uiego. Lai. 

Corporal Alexander G. Thomson, Lharlestown 

clerk, New]3ort. R 



Prix-ate I-'raiik 1^. I iale. foreman. 



.Musician Frederick C. Gagnon. Private Ralph C. Green, clerl 

clerk, drug store. market. 



CITY GUARDS, COMTANV A. 



79 



Private Henrv C. Grover, artist, 



Private 
I'rivate 




Private Ernest B. Hall, electrician. 
Private Thomas H. Hammond, U. S 
Arniv. 



Frederick 1\. Ha\s. clerk. 
.Vrtliiir L. Heyward, U. S. 
Army: was in China. 

Private Charles S. 
Hig-gfinbot ham, foreman, 
Ansonia, Conn. 

Private Simon Israel, 
dry g-oods, W'estboro. 

Private Albert John- 
son, machinist. 

Private Walter R. 
Johnson, niotorman. 

Private Joseph T. La- 
flamme, printer. 

Private Charles F. 
Lamberton, tinsmith. 

Private J ulius H. Lovv- 
(II, baggage master, Cot- 
tag-e City. 

Private Arthur C. Ma- 
u:ee. Worcester Fire De- 
partment. 

Private Rufus J. Mar- 
tin, driver. 

Private Arthur G. 
Mills, machinist. 

Private William E. 
Moody, American Steel 
& Wire Company. 

Private William H. 
;\Iorse, tlruggist. 

Private Frederick G. 
Xewell, electrician. 

PrivateAlbert J. Rein- 
bold, salesman. 

Private Wm. W. Rice, 
motorman, Charlton. 

Private Walter F. 
Schoheld, C. S. .\rmy. 

l'ri\ate William M. 
-Severy, pool-room. 

Private \\'illiam E. 
!-^herman. machinist. 

Private James W. 
Smith, teacher, Porto 
Rico. 

Private Arthur T. 
Squires, conductor. 

Private Louis C). Stan- 
ilish, U. S. Army: one 
of those w ho scaled the 
walls of Pekin; machinist. 
Private William G. 
Standish. machinist, Pioston. 

Private Ouincy F. Thomas, ma- 
chinist. 



80 



WORCESTER IX TITE SPANISH WAR. 



Private Rcinhard A. Torkelson, I'rivate \\'illiani S. Young, stereo- 

U. S. Army. typer. 

Private \\'illiani T. Turner, carpet 
factory, Denxer, Colorado. 

Private Samuel A. \\'allace, shipper. 

Private Carl W. \\ei.\ler. machin- Could the Frenchman. De Rocham- 

ist. Ouincv. beau, who hcl])ed our people in the 

Private "Bert E. A\'heeler, driver. days of the American Revolution, read 

Private Peter X. White. Worcester the foregoing list, all the more might 

Fire Department. he exclaim. "In America, no men are 

Private Alfred M. Wills, machinist. soldiers by trade, but men of all trades 

Navy Yard, Charlestown. are soldiers."' 



Muster-in Roll of Company A, 20 Regiment of Infantry, ]M.\ssa- 
ciiusETTS Volunteers, in the Service of the United St.\tes, for Two 
Years, from May 10, i8y8, unless Sooner Discharced. 

[Tlie data, in ordc-r. cover rank, name, age. birthiilace and dccupation.] 
CAPTAIN. 



Edwin Grant Barrett, 29, Springfield, 
shoe dealer. 

FIRST LIEUT EN-VNT. 

ISIoses Henry Tisdell. 40, St. I'aul, 
Canada, foreman. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 



.\lexander Cray Thompson. 24, Fall 
Ki\-er. clerk. 

MUSICLXNS. 

l'"rederick Charles Cagnon. 24. Wor- 
cester, druggist. 

^\'alter Allen Traver, 21. Xew York, 
X. Y., painter. 

ARTIFICER. 



\\'illiam Henry T'lummer, 32, Lnns- Samuel lulwanl Clajip, 24, Athdl, 
dale, ]v. I., clerk. mechanic. 



Walter Henry Allison, 2'!>. Worcester, \\aller Tainter I'.ru.so, 30, Worcester, 

razorsmith. shipper. 

Charles Addison I'olaml, 26. Xorth- i-riy.vtes. 

boro, last-maker. ,, , 1, .. t, ai 

1-1 1 o 1 .* o; 11 ,- W ,-,-,. ct,.r .\)l)oU, Herbert l.tirr, I S, 1 ,angor, .Me., 

P-dward l\ol)ert Kieill, 2/, Woicestei, '^ 

, . ., teamster. 

John'' Ceorge (iowans, 30, Dundee, Allison, George !• dwin, 30, Worcester, 

Scotlaml, woo.lworker. ,. „ '"'^^ u"'^ . s ,, w 

Elbridge B<,vden .^awver, 24. Orange, ''all"". Herbert Arnold, 22, W orces- 

,■-.•■• ■ ler, clerk. 

electrician. , , , -, 1 ^ ,1 i\- 

lames Titus Cruikshank, 28, Somer- l-art-". Charles Allen. 19. Worcester, 

■ I, , ■ eleclncian. 

\ille, <lriver. ,, , , , , , , , , 

lioarilman, Joseph Henry, 2t,. W orces- 

toRPORALS. ter, pressman. 

Rali)h Livingstone Allison, 2^^. Wei- Urigham, Ralph Hubbartl, 30, Wor- 

lington. Conn., shipper, " cester, salesman, 

Aidrie 'Frank Murrav, 23, Worce>ter. I'.rule. Philemon. 22. Worcester. 

barber. ' moulder. 

John Gustaf Hagberg. 24. Davfush. I'.rusky. John Thomas, 20, Xorth 

Sweden, tailor. ' ' I'.rookfield, steamfitter, 

Howard Knowles Hobbs, 24. Auburn, Cardin, William Ellsworth, 21, W or- 

clerk. center, photogra])her. 

Herbert Ruggles Fay, 23. I'.rookfield. Christenson, Elmer Ingomar, ly. Cam- 

:\Io.. laundrvman'. " l)ridge. machinist. 



CITY GUARDS, COMPANY A. 



81 



Cole. James AUiii.m, Ji. Worcester, 
blacksmith. 

Coley, Henry Green. 23, llirmingham, 
England, clerk. 

Cooper. Benjamin. 20. Kidderminster, 
England, weaver. 

Cornwell. William Cenroe. 22. Holden. 
mechanic. 

Davis, Orlo William. 24. Worcester, 
mechanic. 

Fairbanks. Frank Lamson, 18, Wor- 
cester, machinist. 

Fay. Lewis Montague, 20. Brookfield. 
lanndryman. 

Fischer, Charles Augustus. P(_>rt 
Henry. N. Y., clerk. 

Forest, George Leon. 2Ti. Oxford, book- 
keeper. 

Fortier. Quincy Edgar. 23, \N'ater- 
bury, \'ermont, shipper. 

Gale, Frank Eugene, 22, Lowell, 
clerk. 

Green, Ralph Clayton. 26. Xew Au- 
burn. Minn., clerk. 

Grover. Henr_\' Grossman. 28, Brook- 
field, student. 

Hall. Ernest Boynton, 28, Worcester, 
mechanic. 

Hammond, Thomas Harry. 20. Tonga- 
no.xie. Kan., steamfitter. 

Hays. Frederick Robert. 20, \\'orces- 
ter. clerk. 

Hayward, Arthur Leon. 19, Concord, 
X. H., woodworker. 

Higginbotham, Charles Samuel, 25. 
Waltham, diemaker. 

Israel, Simon, 24, Svewelk, Russia, 
clothier. 

Johnson, Albert. 24. Stockholm, Swe- 
den, steamfitter. 

Johnson. Walter Reynolds. 19. Wor- 
cester, electrician. 

Laflamme. Joseph Toussaint, 31, St. 
Hyacinthe, Canada, printer. 

Lamberton. Charles Franklin, 24, 
Worcester, tinsmith. 

Lowell, lulius Henrv. 27. .Springfield, 
clerk. 



Magee. Arthur Charles. 2^^. .Montcalm, 
Canada, machinist. 

Martin. Rtitus Joseph. 22. Worcester, 
pi:)lisher. 

•Mills, .\rthur (ioodell. 35. Worcester, 
carpenter. 

-Moody, William Elvardo. 22. Red- 
wing, Minn., clerk. 

Morse. \\"illiam Hoyt. 22, Hopkinton, 
druggist. 

Xewell. I'Vederick George, 22, Flor- 
ence, electrician. 

Reinbold, Albert Joseph. 29. Boston, 
chemist. 

Rice, William Walter, 25, East Bos- 
ton, conductor. 

Schofield, Walter Edmund. 21. Wor- 
cester, woodworker. 

Severy. William Mansfield, 31, Bran- 
don. N'ermont, tobacconist. 

Sherman. William Edward, 21, Pas- 
coag. R. I., mechanic. 

Smith. Janu's Whittemore, 18. Lei- 
cester, student. 

Squires. Arthur Thomas. 24. Worces- 
ter, conductor. 

Standish, Louis Odell, 25, Athol, 
motorman. 

Standish. William (ieorge. 27, .Athol, 
mechanic. 

Thomas, Quincy Frederick, 21, Brat- 
tleboro, \'ermont, mechanic. 

Torkelson, Reinhard .Vugustus, 21, 
Christiania. Xorway, lioatbuilder. 

Turner, William Thomas, ^7. Kidder- 
minster. England, weaver. 

\\'allace. -Samuel -Alfred. 22, Worces- 
ter, inspector. 

Weixler. Carl Wallace. 26. Worcester, 
jeweler. 

W heeler, Bert Elmer, 19, ^lagog, 
Canada, machinist. 

White. Peter Xelson. 22. Millbury. 
carpet-laver. 

Wills. .Albert Morrow, 22, Fall River, 
machinist. 

Voung. William Stewart. 24. Worces- 
ter, finisher. 



L. M. Fay. — The following data were received too late for insertion in the 
proper place; Private Fay's full Christian name was Lewis Montague, those of 
his parents were William Wirt and Mattie -A. (Wilson) Fay. The father was a 
veteran of K Company, 13th -Mass. Infantry, and of F Company. 4th Heavy -Artil- 
lery. The body is buried in Monrovia, Cal. 



82 



WOKCESTEK IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




. H. II. Wakkkn, 
F, L. Allen. Imrst Lieut. .\. L. Ki 

COMMISSIONED OFFICERS COMPANY C. 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



83 



Worcester in the Spanish War. 

LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C, iD REGIMI.NT, M.V.M. 




SIDE from the First and 
Second Parishes, or the Old 
South and the First Unita- 
rian Societies, the ^Vorces- 
ter Light Infantry is the 
oldest active organization in 
the city. There are two or 
three nominal bodies which 
occasionally awake suffi- 
ciently to partake of a din- 
ner and then lapse into 
their accustomed comatose condition, 
but the Light Infantry has been up 
and doing for very nearly a century. 
It was away back in 1803 that Gov- 
ernor Caleb Strong appended his name 
to a charter warranting the organiz- 
ing and maintaining of a militarv com- 
pany in the then remote and not o\-er- 
populous township of Worcester. The 
application was written by the late 
CJovernor Levi Lincoln while confined 
to his bed by a broken leg. As the 
first public parade of the Company 
was on the 6th day of the ensuing 
June, it does not require anv great 
stretch of fancy to tell just when the 
Light Infantry of to-day purposes to 
celebrate tlie end of its first hundred 
years. 

Organized for the purpose of helping 
defend and advance American inter- 
ests, the Company has ever been upon 
the alert to volunteer wdienever there 
has been an opportunity to act. Ac- 
cordingly when, in 1807, there were 
mutterings of complaint against Brit- 
ish arrogance and oppression, forerun- 
ners of the War of 1812, there was sent 
to the Governor an expression of the 
Light Infantry's readiness to help in 
an}- way possible to repel foreign ag- 
gression. This action must have been 



received by His Excellency James Sul- 
livan with a deal of pleasure, for he had 
military promptings himself. A brother 
of tlie famous (jcneral John Sullivan 
of Xew Hampshire, only lameness re- 
sulting from a boyish accident pre- 
vented the subsequent Governor of 
Massachusetts acquiring equal fame 
with the man whose name is linked 
with some of the most thrilling inci- 
dents of the Revolution. .\s it was. 
though excluded from active participa- 
tion in deeds of war, James Sullivan, in 
1775, had executed an important mili- 
tary mission to Ticonderoga, and 
throughout that sanguinary period his 
was ever a potent voice in matters mili- 
tary. Hence the satisfaction he must 
have had over the thought that the 
Heart of the Commonwealth was beat- 
ing loyally. 

This ])remonition of war ripened into 
actuality only five years later, when 
the true war of inde])endence began, 
and before it was ox'er, our Light In- 
fantry, under the command of Captain 
John A\ . Lincoln. subse<|uentlv sheriff 
of the countv and one of the best 
equipped officers the city ever knew, 
marched to Boston to help repel at- 
tack. The Company went down, or 
started, Sejitember nth, and was on 
duty there till October 31st, when it 
returned frcim, it is true, a bloodless 
campaign, lint this was not the fault of 
the Light Infantry. It seems not a 
little interesting that the late Albert 
Curtis, who died in 1898. had a distinct 
recollection of the marching away of 
the bra\e and loyal men of that re- 
mote da}". 

Again during the Mexican War the 
^^'orcester boys of this crack Company 



84 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




LIGHT INF.WTRV, COMPANY C. 



85 



were ready, and so expressed them- 
selves, hut their proffer of services was 
not accepted, because the quota of the 
State was already filled, and Governor 
George N. Briggs did not think well 
enough of the war to exceed the de- 
mands to any great extent. Those were 
days when, in 1846. '"Hosea Biglow" 
was expressing himself in most une- 
quivocal terms, and Governor "B." was 
known to be in perfect accord with the 
sentiments of James Russell Lowell. 
But this did not prevent members of 
the Company going into the service, 
and Captain George Lincoln fell at 
Buena Vista while serving on the staff 
of "Old Rough and Ready." or General 
Zachary Taylor, while endeavoring to 
rally and advance a western regiment 
which was retreating in disorder. 

The \\'ar of the Rebellion is yet so 
near the affairs of to-day that it is 
hardly necessary to more than allude 
to the promptness with which the 
"1)oys'" sprang to arms in i86i,andthe 
cit\- will e\-er cherish with increasing 
])ride the fact that her Light Infantrx" 
was among the companies of the Sixth 
Regiment which, on April 19th. fought 
its way through the streets of Balti- 
more and was among the immortals 
who stacked arms in the nation's Sen- 
ate chamber on the evening of that 
fatal day, the verv first armed force to 
interpose itself between the country 
and its assailants. Many of those men 
are living to-day, and if not active 
members of the organization they 
love, their spirit is present and per- 
meates every fibre of their successors. 

The rank and file of the Light Infan- 
try of i8g8 were near of kin to the men 
who had done their duty in years 
agone. hence there need be no wonder 
that the active members were alert to 
all the indications of approachingstorm. 
It was not so much a feeling of appre- 
hension as it was one of extreme anxi- 
ety lest the trouble should lilow over 
and there should be no chance to show 
their metal. As the news from the 
Pearl of the Antilles grew more and 
more intense, and it became daily more 
clear that the nation would have to 
undertake not alone the avenging of 
the Elaine, but the complete expulsion 



nf Spain from this western world, the 
citizen soldier longed for the oppor- 
tunity to do his ])art. 

As early as April 11 Colonel Clark of 
the Second Regiment sent out a precau- 
tionary order with reference to extra 
IJreparation in the matter of culinary 
outfit. .As a veteran of the Civil War 
the Colonel remembered General Sher- 
man's remark that an army moves on 
its belly, and it was a wise precaution 
of his that the men whom he was to lead 
should not grow hungry. The average 
stomach can endure a great deal of va- 
riety and many privations, but it must 
have something, else the stoutest heart 
will fail. April 22 came another order 
from the same source, directing ever\- 
care that all data and memoranda 
should be carefully preserved, another 
direction inspired by recollection of the 
war. i86i-'65. Three days later, or .\pril 
25th. came the order to hold the Com- 
pany ready to respond within twenty- 
four hours' notice. Matters were grow- 
ing warm, and each member was ar- 
ranging his affairs so that he could go. 

The next demonstration came in the 
shape of a telephonic conununication 
from regimental headquarters in 
Springfield to Captain Rider, of which 
the following is a verbatim transcript : 

■■.\pril 30, 1898. 
•"Order receivedljy telephone. 12.20 p.m. 

■'1 am to make arrangements with the 
R. R. Co. to have my Company in Fra- 
mingham. Tuesday. May 3, at 12 m. 
Transportation order will be sent to 
me by the Quartermaster (jcneral. 

"Arrange to feed my command for 
one week, same as at camp. Take all 
State pro])erty in my possession or 
freight it down there. Leave at home 
all men who are not going to volunteer. 
Take enough other men to make a 
total enlistment of 79 men. We are 
going down there as a volunteer organ- 
ization, but not as the Second Regi- 
ment. Copied liy George H. Hill, 
sergeant." 

The same daA' came a telegram from 
Springfield, worded thus : 

"Xew orders from Adjutant General. 
(U. S. ) Total for company, JJ, includ- 



86 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




1'. I.. Kinnu, FiRsi I. 



IJC.IIT INFANIKV ((IMMISSIIIXKI) IlI-KICERS. 1895. 



ing officers. Take oiil\ tlii^ minil)er 
Tuesday. Paul R. Hawkins, 

"ist Lieut, and Adjutant.'" 

As this tele.qram came at 10.17 I'-m- 
it superseded tlie noon telephone com- 
munication. Then, to still further 
modify the matter of numbers, a letter 
came later stating that the maximum 
was seventv-five men in all. 

So much fur the (jrders umKr which 



nutiticati(-ns were sent to the members 
iif the fdmnanv. 'Idiev found the men 
or b<)\s. since many of the members 
had n.it i)assed their majority, in shops, 
behind counters, and some even in 
school. Says one of the latter class, "I 
was to take the part of "Jenkins" in a 
|)la\- to be given the evening of April 29 
in the Classical High School, and on 
theafternoonofthat day was taking my 
K-ssons in a dress rehearsal, when my 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COM TAX Y C. 



87 



father appeared to tell nie that I \vas 
wanted at the Armory in the evening at 
eight o'clock. What could I do? At 
last one of the teachers volunteered to 
see the Cajitain and to try to beg of¥ 
for me till after the play. His plea was 
effectual, and I took mv part till near 
the end of the second act, when a 
friend stepped into my place and I 
went down to the Armory, where I 
found everything at fever heat. Those 
who were fierce for the war were mak- 
ing speeches, while others were elo- 
quentlv silent. That first evening thirty 
two of the members expressed them- 
selves as ready to go." Thence on- 
ward there was an almost continuous 
meeting in the company rooms right 
up to the day of departure, which was 
the 3d of May, Tuesday. The compa- 
nies were to report in Framingham 
before noon and they were to proceed 
by special train, which was to start 
from Springfield. Unhappily the day 
itself proved to be anything but the 
beautiful one we might expect early in 
the vernal month, but the people were 
not to be cheated of their show, what- 
ever the weather. They were out by 
the thousand, of both sexes and of all 
ages. Schools were closed, that younger 
lads and lassies might see their brothers 
march away, and right royally were they 
rewarded. All the semi-military bodies 
in the city were in line, the right of the 
same being takenbytheGrand Army of 
the Republic, many of whom had sons 
among the departing volunteers. The 
Mayor of the city gave a parting word 
as the companies were drawn up in a 
hollow square in the drrll-shed, and a 
fervent prayer was oftered by the Rev. 
Almon Gunnison of the First Universal- 
ist Church. Then the march began, ex- 
tending down Main Street as far as the 
Post Office and around the same back 
by the City Hall, where the Mayor and 
the city government reviewed the em- 
bryonic soldiers. Thence along Front 
Street the line moved to the Union 
Station, everywhere through thou- 
sands of people, to whom the scene was 
of vastly more interest than it was to 
the men themselves. Indeed, one par- 
ticipant modestly remarks in his diarv, 
"Someh(5w I didn't see as we were 



doing anything to make such a stir, 
but the older ones knew much better 
than we did what we were to soon pass 
through." The boy was right ; many in 
that vast array of humanity had seen 
men go to war before, and in so many 
cases had awaited in vain the home- 
coming of those who had so bravely 
marched away ; the gray and wrinkled 
veterans of the G. A. R. knew just 
what it all meant, for they had been 
through it all. Xone the less, all made 
the air ring with their applause, all 
being determined that their boys 
should have the very best send-ofif 
that W'orcester could give. 

Soon the vast station received the 
"boys in blue," where the train from 
Springfield absorbed them, also Com- 
panies A and H and the two companies 
which had come down from the north, 
and then amid shouts and cheers, ac- 
companied in many cases by tears, the 
cars moved slowly out with their pre- 
cious burdens of men devoted to what 
they deemed duty and the right. Those 
who left the city as members of Com- 
panv C on that rainy Tuesday were 
the following: 



Captain, P. L. Rider. 
First Lieutenant, F. L. Allen. 
Second Lieutenant. F. ^L Clark. Jr. 
First Sergeant. A. C. King. 
Sergeant, H. \V. Warren. 
Sergeant, W. E. C. Fairbanks. 
Sergeant, George H. Hill. 
Corporal, A. S. Longley. 
Corporal, George W. Stebbins. 
Musician, F. J. Zaeder. 





PRIVATES. 


John H. Allen. 


R. W. Kincaid. 


E. j\L Barnard, 


C. H. Knibbs. 


Wm. E. Barton, 


P. W. Lincoln, 


C. E. Butler, 


S. L Mavo. 


J. T. Coburn, 


W. A. ^ierrifield, 


C."H. Colburn, 


0. J. Newton, 


W. G. Dennis, 


R. C. Randall, 


R. H. Dowse, 


A. F. Rebboli. 


C. T. Eldridge, 


G. E. Rix, 


G. S. Farrow, 


J. C. Stevenson, 


C. T. Fletcher, 


Robert Taft, 


H. J. Greene, 


C. A. \'aughan, Jr. 


H. H. Ham, 


F. W. Washburn, 


H. L. Hastings, 


H. B. Wentworth, 


J. W. Holbrook, 


J. L. Wilmot, 


Roland Johnson, 


.\. T. Wintersgill, 


Geo. T. Jones, 


Emil Zaeder. 




RECRUITS. 


H. H. Adams, 


J. F. Bradley, 


G. H. Bejune, 


E. A. Briggs, 



88 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



C. A. Browne, 
I. A. Brigliam, 
W. H. Butler, 
F. E. Crosman, 
F. P. Dean, 
W. W. Eddy, 
A. C. Gage, 
W. L. Gage, 
O. J. W. Gleason, 
J. C. King, 

E. J. Martin. 

F. B. Mavnard. 
E. G. OliVer. 



F. S. Owen, 

A. ]. Pembleton, 
F. W. Pettet. 

R. H. Pitts. 
J. E. Pope, 

B. A. Prince, 
W. D. Rheutan, 
W. D. Roberts, 

E. A. Stearns, 
.'\. D. Stewart, 

F. B. Taft, 
F. W. Ward, 

E. D. Wooldridge. 



gooil-1ivs were said, and then the 
tried to start its hmis train of 



engine 
tweU'e 



Our li\-es are made up largely of 
"coming and going," and of the two 
the latter is the one dreaded. The 
friends of the Infantry were out in 
force. For them rain had no deterrent 
power, an<l though they knew the de- 
parture was onl}- fi:ir the camp in Fra- 
mingham,}-et it was a lieginning of the 
separation which was sure to come a 
few davs later, and many an eye grew 
dim at the thought of seeing no more 
the form now awaiting the muster-in. 
Filled with the exhilaration incident to 
the march and the enthusiasm, along 
the entire line, possi])ly the hoys them- 
selves felt least of all the pangs of part- 
ing, vet there were hearts in the ranks 
which were l)eating rajiidly as the 
hands of wife and children were 
gras]jed, for there were those who had 
not iieeded Captain Riiler's injunction 
that onl_\- those should \olunteer upon 
whom no one was dependent. The 
feeling of jjatriotism is a strange one 
quite im]K)Ssihle to analy:?e. Tf a 
father or grandfather has heen a sol- 
dier, the chances are that his son or 
grandson will inipro\e the first oppor- 
tunity to take a hand in a possible fight. 
Family jjride counts for quite as much 
as love of country, yet in this particular 
case, the destruction of the Maine in 
Havana Harljor had roused the whole 
[jeople to a pitch bordering on frenzy. 
One ofCompanyC's sergeants marched 
away with a knapsack packed the very 
day that dastardly act was announced. 

Very likely tlte majority of those in- 
terested in the (le|Kirture coidd nothave 
told what ihr b.-mds ])laye(l ; they knew 
that music was in the air, but as to 
tunes they made little note. However, 
the strains of the "Star-spangled Ban- 
ner" and of".\idd Lang Syne"rang out 
on tile nhst-l.-iden atnii ispliere while final 



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Ifef' 




'"%i 


^ 


i ■■ }i'i. 


^■. ■■ 


isa 


^m' 


"' '' 


t ". 



hea\-ily-lnn-<lened cars. The resistance 
was too great, and not till the fireman 
had sanded the track couhl the engine. 



LIGHT INFANTRY. COMPANY C. 



89 



at 9.30 a.m., pull its S|>rinc:ticlil ami 
^\'o^cester men from the station. ( )nce 
away from the leave-takings, the boys 
speedily settled down to the diversions 
sure to be suggested to every soldier in 
moments of leisure, and more than one 
pack of cards served to while away the 
time taken to run down to South Fra- 
mingham. Less than an hour was em- 
ployed in the trip, and then the compa- 
nies debarked where so man}- of them 
had been in former years at their an- 
nual encampment. Possibly the towns- 
people did not know of the coming of 
this contingent ; at any rate there was 
no crowd to greet the men, and in the 
midst of rain, still in evidence, the line 
was formed for Camp Dew'ey. at which 
in due time the men appeared and pro- 
ceeded to make themselves as com- 
fortable as they could. Says one of the 
soldiers. "Save for the absence of the 
blue chests in which the refreshments 
were usually carried, it seemed as if 
we were simply entering on our reg- 
ular tour of duty." After the assign- 
ment of tents came the physical exam- 
inations, to see who were probably 
able to endure the privations sure to 
follow in active service. Concerning 
these same examinations. now that they 
and the war are long past, it may be 
proper to remark that very few of the 
men held them in respect. Most peo- 
])le supposed that when a regiment of 
militia was ordered out for that on ac- 
count of w'hich they drilled, they would 
go as an organization, just as so many 
did in 1861. but in this case the}' were 
verv much in error. Evidentl}- the 
government feared too many applica- 
tions for ])ensions. when the war was 
over, on account of health lost in the 
same, hence the attempt to allow only 
strong, vigorous men to enter the ser- 
vice. The intention was well enough, 
but in its practical application there 
were so many exceptions and so many 
evasions that wdien the regiment finally 
went to Florida, it may be questioned 
whether it really was as w-ell condi- 
tioned, in spite of all care and strict- 
ness, as it would have been if the original 
well-drilled men had been taken with- 
out any interview with the surgeons. 
Here are some of the incidents. Cer- 



tain stanilanls (_)f height, weight and 
chest measurements were set up. and 
compliance with the same was nomi- 
nallv exacted. Here comes a man who 
\-ery nuich wishes to go. He knows 
quite well that his weight is far under 
that which his stature requires, but lu- 
had been worked dcnvn in the earlv 
spring and hence is under the normal 
number of pounds.buthenotes that the 
surgeon is not actually weighing. and so 
he takes his chances on stating that his 
weight is fully'fifteen pounds more than 
it really is. Another is equally anxious 
not to go, so he understates his avoir- 
dupois, and without a further word 
both get what they want. As to eye- 
sight, there is a card t m which are let- 
ters which must be named at a ])ro])er 
distance. Here comes a young man 
wdio is jiarticularly desirous of getting 
in. He has worn for a long time a pair 
of pinch-nose glasses. but his comrades, 
by diligent rubbing, have cfl'aced the 
tell-tale marks. and having fortified him- 
self beforehand with a full knowledgeof 
the relative locatinn df every character 
upon the card, he goes through with 
flving colors. The absurdity of the eye- 
test is apparent when one retlects that 
had the same been applied stringently 
in all cases there had been no Roose- 
velt at San Juan Hill, and hence no 
President of that name in the White 
House. Again, a young man retires on 
account of a tobacco heart, but an offi- 
cer is particularly desirous to have him 
go. so a re-examination discloses the 
fact ( ?) that the first report was too ex- 
acting, and that the man should go in. 
Here is an excellent soldier whom the 
surgeon turns down on account of de- 
fective teeth, whereupon a young den- 
tist suggests that it would be a simi)le 
operation to gold-crown the molars, 
and the man would be all right. Happy 
thought! The man is accepted, but 
somehow the crowning is not done, at 
least before the Cuban campaign. After 
the examinations were over, and the 
rejected were counted up. among them 
were found in Company C the Captain. 
the Second Lieutenant, and a large 
number of enlisted men. Some of 
these rejected ones took their fate most 
grrievouslv, and it was far from un- 



90 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH \\'AR. 




LIGHT INFANTRY ENM.ISTED HEX. 



manly for one thus cast down to g'i\'e 
way tci tears. It would not be out of the 
way to state that probably not a man 
was thrown out in these tests who would 
nut have been taken at a later date had 
the war contintied as it did in the days 
of the Rel)ellic m. In times of stress, per- 
fection of stature, limbs and viscera 
are not so much considered as that 
more important query. "Can he keep up 
and tire a gun?" There was no trouble 
in finding men to take the places of 
those who were dropped, and raw re- 
cruits soon made the nimilier good. 

Among these recruits, who in camp 
parlance were called "rookies," there 
were characters who were sources of 
much amusement to their fell<iws. ( )ne 
was a large boy. just from the farm : in- 
deed he had ridden into the city on a 
car-load of potatoes. The war bulletins 
attracted him. and he thought a trial of 
soldiering would please him. His 
physiijue was iphte correct, and the 



bo_\s dul)bed hiiu ' 'I'at," though his par- 
ents had named him Charles. C)ne of 
his comrades, wishing to jolly him. one 
day said. "Pat, does your mother know 
you are out?" Pat replied instantly, 
"\'es, and she gave me a cent to buy 
a jackass. .\re \-ou for sale?" There 
was a Creek who had been a canvas- 
man with the lUiftalo Hill show, was re- 
puted able to speak five languages, and 
claimed to have killed a man. Another 
man rode into town on his bicycle, and 
hearing about the wants of the Company 
blew into headcpiarters. saying in the 
strongest kind of a Yankee drawl. "I 
understand vou want recruits to fight 
with .Spain, and 1 thought as how may- 
be 1 might go." An examination re- 
\'ealed under his guise, which might 
have passed for that of L'ncleSam him- 
self, a frame of iron, with huge muscles 
and tendons like whipcord; there was 
no cpiestion about his being taken. He 
iiroNed one of the most endurintr men 



LIGHT INFAXTRY, COMPANY C. 



91 



in the regiment, ami, when the war was 
over, he came home only to surrender 
to a widow, and is to-day as good a 
benedict as he was a soldier in 1898. 

As Captain Rider was obliged to re- 
tire. First Ilieiitenant Frank L. Allen 
was promoted to his position, and First 
Sergeant Arthur C. King became First 
Lieutenant. Second Sergeant Herbert 
H. W'arren was the choice of his com- 
rades for the Second Lieutenancy in 
place of Lieutenant Clark, and George 
H. Hill was advanced to the place of 
First or Orderly Sergeant. It was 
during this period of camp life that 
Sergeant Hill essayed the matrimonial 
act. and having a two weeks' leave of 
absence, he came back to Worcester 
and united his fortunes with those of 
Miss Edna Jane Tanner, thus escaping 
the infelicities of camp life. i. e.. in 
Framingham. There was little drill ex- 
cept of recruits, in this way affording all 
the more time for visiting with friends, 
who were frequently in evidence. 

Though it was in the month of May 
the weather was exceedingly cold, and 
the great fires wdiich each night illu- 
mined the'campw'ereenjoyable,not only 
for the sociability they excited, but for 
the comfort they afforded otherwise 
shivering bodies. When the regular 
army-blankets came they were more 
than welcome. .Soon the caterer, who 
had accompanied the boys to camp. 
Antony Rebboli. himself a member of 
the Company, was bereft of his jol). for 
it was deemed best to initiate the sol- 
diers early into what they would have 
to endure later, and regular rations 
were issued to be prepared by a company 
cook. Much fault was found with some 
of the items in the bill of fare, but a few 
weeks later, wdien the hunger of Cuba 
was on them, these same complainers 
were longing for some of the anthema- 
tized viands of the Framingham camp. 

Company C did not linger in camp 
long enough to have its features become 
so very dull, for the stay was only a 
trifle above a week. So rapidly did mat- 
ters mo\'e that the new officers hardly 
had time to secure their side-arms. P.os- 
ton could not supply their needs, so 
great had been the demand, and at least 
one young lieutenant marched awav 



wearing a s\vi>r<l which a friend had 
kindly loaned him. r)n the first and 
only Sunday in camp, the officers were 
personally notified by Adjutant-general 
Dalton that the regiment would proba- 
bly move to the South inside of twenty- 
four hours. This was May 8th. and 
these officers were to learn that in mili- 
tary orders there is many a slip, etc., 
for it was not till the 12th that the de- 
parture really came. The intervening- 
time was well spent in issuing apparel 
and equipments to the men. All had 
expected to leave the State via \\'orces- 
ter. and great interest was felt, both in 
Worcester and in camp, over this last 
glimpse of familiar faces, but it did not 
turn out as expected, as is usually the 
case in war times, for when the train 
was l)oarded it was to seek Dixie 
through Newport. R. L. and on Long 
Island Sound. 

C)n the evening of the nth, orders 
were given to break camp in the morn- 
ing, and reveille was sounded at four 
a.m. on the I2th. and at six o'clock not 
a tent was standing. The men were 
ready, but those in authority were not. 
Again some of the inevitable lessons of 
war were to be learned, viz.. that great 
bodies move slowdy, that orders to be 
ready to move at the word may mean 
a long, long halt, while toi pitch camp, 
in marching days, means to break it be- 
fore one's first nap is ended. One of 
the final acts was the forming of the 
regiment in a hollow square, and then 
Governor Roger Wolcott, in most im- 
pressive manner, delivered to each offi- 
cer his commission. Before this, on 
the loth. each company had been mus- 
tered into the service of the United 
States and the Second Massachusetts 
Infantry had become the Second Mas- 
sachusetts Infantry, U. S. V. It would 
not be the least strange if each member 
of the regiment felt just a little larger 
as he marched from camp to the rail- 
road station, for now he was a duly- 
enlisted soldier of the nation, not a 
mere State militiaman. In due time 
the train was boarded, and the last the 
men saw of their popular Governor 
was his tall form and extended arms 
waving to them a fervent farewell. 

It was about four o'clock in the after- 



92 



WORCESTER TX THE SRAXISII WAR. 



noon when in three sections the train 
moved southward, receivings on its way 
the heartv g;reeting's of all who recog- 
nized the burden it bore. Xe\vp<:)rt is 
reached at ten nr thereabc mts. and the 
great steamer Plymouth, of the Fall 
River line, is in waiting, and upon it 
the boys find places to rest their wearied 
l)odies. They cam|> readily wherever 
there is space, Avliile the officers ha\e 
state-rooms. Afterall.itmay lie dcmlited 
if they slept any better than the ]iri\ate> 
did on the floor. The traversing of the 
Sound is little heeded by our Massachu- 
setts boys, since very few of them awake 
before the steamer is in East River, rap- 
idly bearing down on the greatest city 
in the western world. .\t nine a.m. the 
Plymouth ]nits into her North River 
]Mer.'and is saluted by the loud whistling 
of all the craft in that crowded harbor. 
Soon after touching, the Harbor Quar- 
termaster came on 'board and announced 
the ne.xt step in the programme, which 
pro\-ed to betheleavingof'the Plymouth 
fi ir the .Sarati iga, wdiichthe men thought 
would be their means of reaching the 
South. They were not in love with the 
dingy, ill-smelling hold of the vessel, 
and they were not displeased when on 
the next afternoon the steamer ran over 
to Jersey City and landed the men to 
make their trip l)y rail rather than b_\' 
water. The fact that the Saratoga was 
the last American craft to lea\'e Havana 
.after the declaraticin of war did not 
make her any more ])opular with the 
Soldiers who had to remain aboard for 
nearly two da\'s. While the Second was 
on the transport, the Seventy-first New 
York came alongside of their vessel, 
and our m,en w-ere much disgusted by 
the incessant cry of these fellows, who 
were ever shoiiling, "Seventy-one, Sev- 
enty-one, the first to come, gallant 
Seventy-one," a fact that the Bay State 
boys did not forget in later days, when 
in Cuba the Xew Yorkers did not 
maintain the reputation that they had 
gi\-en themselves, hence some witty 
lads shouted as loud as they could yell, 
".Se\'enty-one, Se\-enty-one, the first to 
come, and the first to run." 

The railroad accommodations ac- 
corded the Second Regiment were e.x- 
cellent. since the train conve\ing the 



men southward was made up of three 
sections, each section of fourteen cars 
having on board a Ijattalion, and the 
^^^^rcester bo\s, with F of Cardner, 
were in the third dixision under the 
command of Major Fairl)anks. It was 
after nine p.m. that the start was made, 
and with each man in possession of a 
wh(_)le seat, the officers having a Pull- 
man, the trip was made down through 
.\'ew Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, 
and the District of Columbia towards 
their scjuthern destination. Rations, 
not too large, were issued on the train, 
and it is remarkable what appetites vig- 
orous \-oung men have when the mind 
is free from care and they are embark- 
ing on a new and interesting venture. 
Curled up or otherwise disposed, the 
soldier lads made the most of their 
sleeping facilities, and during the 
night had little knowledge of the new 
scenes through which their swiftly- 
mo\-ing train was bearing them. Had 
their trip l)een in the daytime every 
man would ha\'e relished a sight of 
Jersey's garden farming: Philadelphia, 
with its wealth of memories and asso- 
ciations, would ha^'e excited his wonder 
and admiration ; wliilc in r)altimore he 
might have fancied himself back in 
the trying days of 1861, when it was 
a matter of world-wide moment that 
Aiassachusetts S(~ildiers should pass 
along the streets of the Monumental 
City'. 

Washington is reached at an early 
hour Sunday, the 15th. and to nearly 
every man in the company this visit is 
his first. From his boyhood he had 
heard of the wonders of the nation's 
capil.al. and the vast structure known 
as the Capit(d is indelibly stamped 
upon his memory. Init now he has an 
opportunity to see for himself. Had 
there been a call for volunteers to make 
an excursion through the principal 
streets and avenues of the famous 
city, there would ha\e Ijeen very few 
who would not rush into line for the 
tri]). everv foot of which would have 
been fraught with pleasuralile sur- 
prise at the extent and magnitude of 
the public buildings. As it was, there 
was no chance for going far from the 
train. The excursion was not a Ray- 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



93 



niiind palace car trip: mi the contrary 
the buys were jjlad to tind an opportu- 
nity to wash their hands and faces, 
though the means afforded consisted 
only of long troughs, perhaps arranged 
for the watering ol cattle, but they 
were Ycry useful and pleasurable to 
the blue-clad men, who had hastened to 
avail themselves of what they offered. 
Something to eat was the next thing 
to arouse the interest of the travelers, 
and regular rations were of no account 
when compared with the baker's prod- 
ucts which nearby stands and passing 
carts provided. These, in conjunction 
with fresh milk, served to fill a long- 
felt want, and men from the far-famed 
])ie belt of Xew England were not slow- 
to fill up with what their famous phil- 
osopher, Emerson, had declared the 
true indicator of the intellectuality of a 
jieople. If the sage's dictum were to 
be taken literally, the Third Battalion 
was up to the highest standard in intel- 
lect, for every man clearly had a mouth 
for ]iies. The change from hardtack 
and "prime" roast beef was one that all 
partakers appreciated. The stop, how- 
e\-er. at the longest, was very brief, yet 
in that time some of the boys found 
opportunity to take a short walk, ancl 
tliree Com]3an}- C lads were init slow in 
meeting «ome of the pretty girls for 
whom the city has long been noted. 
The trio was not so Green as some 
might have thought, and that one of 
the triplet whose name suggests Win- 
some, always mindful of the obligation 
of Alars to Venus, and as a souvenir of 
the sly glance she had taken at him. 
gave her one of his blouse buttons, in 
securing which he tore said garment. 
To the jibes of his comrades at this 
rent in his uniform, the gallant youth 
responded that such a '■(lamed pretty 
girl was worth nwre than the blouse 
with all its buttons." 

"Believe me if all those endearing young 
charms 
Which I gaze on so fondly to-day." 

In these days of college cheering and 
school-boy yells it was not strange that 
the ingenious and rhythmic soldier 
should improvise some expressions of 
his vocation and of his blood-thirsty 
intent. For instance, this collection of 



well-bred Bay State youths occa- 
sionallv rent the air with shouts like 
this: 

Three cheers for the Maine! Three clicers 

for the Maine! 
The Second Massachusetts '11 lick li— 1 

out of Spain." 

A declaration <|uite at variance with 
the Sunday school instructitin with 
which the mo.st of them had been 
favored from infancy. The transform- 
ing influence of a bit of uniform and 
the elbow touch of kindred spirits are 
wonderful. Perhaps they had heard 
of that good priest over in their own 
I'>ay State town of Milford who, in a 
farewell talk to the lads as they were 
about departing, said, "Now, my boys, 
it is yours to go in and do your level 
best. Vou are to carry the guns and 
to do the shooting. \\'e at home are 
to read our Bibles and look after home 
affairs. You do your duty and we will 
ilii ours:" and if these young men were 
not out (in account of Spain and her 
many misdeeds, then what was their 
mission? As for their precise lan- 
guage it is a lamentable fact that men 
who served as deacons at home, when 
away and under the influence of excite- 
ment and surrtnmdings. ha\e \)ccn 
known to talk in a way that would 
scandalize the congregation. Old Gen- 
eral Israel Putnam, in his memorable 
apology to his fellow Christians of 
Brooklyn. Conn., for profanity at 
Bunker Hill, closed his contrite words 
with the remark that it was enough to 
make an angel swear to see "'them" 
cowards run away. 

If our boys lost something of sight- 
seeing in their night approach to 
Washington, there was no such trouble 
in their departure. However much 
they might have delighted in a day's 
stay in the capital, they were obliged 
to repeat the well-known words, "so 
near and yet so far," and then betake 
themselves to their respective cars and 
move southward. There were eyes in 
Company C which in that ride out of 
the city saw for the first and last time 
the towering Washington monument, 
and looked only once upon the tawny 
w'aters of the Potomac as the train 
sped across the Long Bridge and 



94 



WORCESTER IN THE SPAXISH WAR. 



tduchcil till- "sacred" soil of \'ir- 
S'inia : "the first and last time," we 
repeat, for ere they return t(.) their 
loved homes, under the weight offerer 
and heart weariness, those eyes will 
close in death. But today there is no 
shadow over these spirited young- men ; 
all are equally intent on the scenes 
made memorable in song and story, 
and every stopping place is a signal for 
as many as possible to alight and to 
have a part in the universal chinning 
with the natives, nianv of whom, though 



long.alwaj'sconfined to talking. Razor- 
back hogs from remote times have 
been among the noteworthy products of 
the South, hence some of the lads in 
alighting were pleased to limber up 
their cramped legs by chasing the 
nraterial for future bacon, and it was 
high jinks for all concerned, though 
there is only one catch recorded, and 
that was made liy Private F. of Com- 
pany G, who carried his trophy aboard 
the train. On his arrival in the land of 
flowers he killed and roasted his por- 




JOHNS 



they proclaimed themseh-es "Jc )hnnies,'' 
expressed the wish'that the_\-, too, might 
go. There are all sorts of <li\-crsions, 
;ind (iue impressionable youth spends 
some part of his ui>i < i\Tr-1)ur(lened 
lime in writing his name and address 
npun hardtacks and in\iting corre- 
spondence as he throws tiieni from the 
car window. After his arrival in Lake- 
land he had no less than five resjionses 
111 this in\itati< m. The color or se.x of 
thiise who fiiimd the l)ils of hard bread 
is not stated, nor whether the same 
was retained as a soux'enir or soon 
found its way into the finder's stomach. 
Xor were the waiting periods which 
in tlie locomotix'e wood-burning re- 
gions of the far South were many and 



cine prize for the good nf himself and 
his comrades. 

Not the least among the noteworthy 
observations, as this trip progressed, 
was the change in temperature. Only 
a few da}'s before, ice had formed of 
Considerable thickness in their Fra- 
mingham camp, but now the\" were 
clearly 

•• In tlie land of cotton. 
Cinnamon seed and sand.v bottom:" 

gardens were yielding their early 
])roducts. and small fruits were well 
advanced towards ripening. These 
men were beginning to realize the ex- 
tent of this vast land of ours. While 
the e\e was thus feasted bv a con- 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



95 



stantly clians"ing landscape, provision 
had been made by the vigilant and 
thoughtful commander of the bat- 
talion. ]\Iajor Fairbanks, so that hot 
cofifee was served twice a day while 
en route, which delectable fluid, with 
associated solids, placed each stomach 
in a condition akin to satisfaction. 

These voung men are not so long out 
of school but that history and geog- 
raphy are constantly brought to mind 
as they speed along through "01d\'ir- 
ginny,"the Old North State and South 
Carolina, and when, on the morning of 
May i8, they arrive in Savannah, their 
former teachers would be cternally 
discredited if some blue-clad boy did 
not remember that here Pulaski fell and 
Nathaniel Greene long resided. Also, 
if those who carry watches in any way 
discover local time, they will be sur- 
prised at finding themselves an hour 
ahead, since they have passed out of 
the range of the meridian of Albany 
and are under that of Cincinnati. 

Just where the train was going was 
of verv little moment to the careless 
souls aboard, yet there was a general 
impression that Tampa was the ulti- 
mate destination, but at \^'aycross, 
(ieorgia, the announcement was made 
that the point of debarking wouhl be 
Lakeland, a place singularly well 
named, lying as it does among a vast 
number of beautiful lakes, a compara- 
tively short distance from the Gulf of 
Mexico. That these Yankee boys were 
traveling with eyes wide open is evi- 
dent in the comments made by a Wor- 
cester observer at the sight, near the 
dividing line between Georgia and 
Florida, of a party of fifty-seven 
colored convicts guarded by seventeen 
white men with guns, and to look after 
the guards are five overseers. Says 
the boy himself, "In school I had to 
study up the subject of labor, hence 
this sight naturally interested me. I 
am told that for loafing the convicts 
are whipped and that they get it often." 
The vicinity of the future camp is 
reached at about 3 o'clock in the morn- 
ing of the 17th, but slumbers are not 
disturbed by the arrival, for it is not 
till well along in the forenoon that the 
line of march is essayed for the camp. 



which is found on the shores of L^ake 
IMorton in what Colonel Clark is 
pleased to name Camp Massachusetts,. 
\\'ith the temperature 96 degrees in 
the shade, there is little wonder that 
many a man is pretty well wearied by 
nightfall over the labors incident to 
the pitching of tents and the clearing 
up of debris. 

It was many a year ago that Lau- 
rence Sterne said that God tempered 
the wind to the shorn lamb, and Mas- 
sachusetts boys soon found that it was 
not impossible to acclimatize them- 
selves, and heat which would have been 
unliearable at home was endured here 
with considerable equanimity. One 
soldier writes of his surprise on the 
morning of his arrival to find a regular 
army man asleep in the sand witli his 
hat over his face, apparently uncon- 
scious of the baking quality of the sun's 
rays, and it was not till a comrade 
shook him and tuld liini that it was 
time to get up did he give any signs of 
life. The same writer testifies that a 
week later he could sleep anywhere 
and at any time, especially after 
twenty-four hours of guard-duty. Ra- 
tions are slow in arriving, and for three 
days no meat is served except bacon, 
and the effect of this excessively fat 
meat in this hot climate is bad. Hos- 
pital accommodations are poor and 
medicine is far from plentiful. The 
soldier's consolation of grumbling is 
soon in evidence, but it is not all 
gloomy, for there are many who see 
only the funny side of everything and 
they are salvation to their fellows. 

The sjairit of caste is abroad in Lake- 
land, and the night before the Second 
came, there had been a shooting aft'ray 
in which a black trooper had signalized 
his equality liy using his revolver with 
fatal eftect upon a white man, a condi- 
tion not often had in such troubles. 
The result was that excitement ran 
high, and the soldier was under guard 
and in greater safety than he would 
have been had there been less men in 
blue in his immediate \icinity. 

The waters of the neighboring lakes 
were inviting, and the men enjoyed 
them as much as they could, consider- 
ins" that thev were said to harbor alii- 



96 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



gators and that the shores abounded in 
moccasins and rattlesnakes. Right 
here it is not amiss to tell the story of 
how the first two officers of Company 
C tried to shoot the most famous of all 
the rejitilian inhabitants of Florida. 
I^ake Parker was two miles away and 
arrangements had been made with a 
native for guidance and boat, but on 
reaching his abode he was unalile to 
fulfill his contract and so sent his ten- 
year-old boy, who, as night had fallen, 
carried a lantern. The wa\' led through 
a long stretch of waste land having a 



went along also lest some harm might 
befall him. As they had taken the pre- 
caution of not informing the camp of 
their determination, it was quite im- 
necessarv for them tn tell any fish 
stories the fdlkiwing day on account 
of their lack of substantial tokens of 
success. 

The stay of the "Second" in Cam]! 
Massachusetts extended from the i/tli 
to the 30th cif May, a ])eriod of time 
within which tlie regiment accus- 
tomed itself to IHorida climate and to 
the nnitine of camp life. That the 




7^'^#-: 






>*r^.~*>-^, 'V 






C.\PT. F. L. .\llen. 
!■ IRST Lieut. A. C. King. Second Lieut. H. II. W akken. 

IN KLl)KID.\ CAMP. 



few trees, and altogether bearing a 
most uncanny look. To beguile the 
time the lad told tales of tlie abun- 
dance of rattlers and moccasins in that 
very neighln irln » hI, and said that on 
reaching the water he was going back 
because he wasn't fond of "gators and 
that his mother wanted him at home, 
besides the last time he was out with 
his father fishing, a "gator had jumped 
into the boat. These recitals served to 
cool the nimrod promptings of the 
ycjung officers and they began to think 
that perhaps night was not the best 
time to hunt "gators, and then, when 
the lad returned to his home the officers 



boys were not out for fun was speed- 
ily impressed upon them, and with 
rapidlv bronzing faces they re- 
s|)oniled to the 1)Ugle calls, which fol- 
lowed each other with exasperating 
regularity and frequency. These young 
men must learn that the real end and 
aim of a soldier's life is not the battle- 
field, but drill — continuous, unvarying 
drill. The Worcester companies are 
located on the left, and are adapting 
themselves as rapidly as possible to 
their situation. The wall tents are 
I.) X II, thus accommodating six pri- 
\ates and a non-commissioned officer. 
There are twelve tents on the street, 



LICHT INF.WTRY, COMPANY C. 



97 



and the officers are quartered in two 
tents which face the street. Trenches 
surround each tent for the better dis- 
position of the water which falls fre- 
quently in Florida, and in great quan- 
tities. That the lads are not particu- 
larly given to complaining can be 
gathered from these words, entered in 
his journal by a Worcester boy : 
"These nights down here are delight- 
ful ; no twilight, but with the soft air 
and the stars :" though even this happy 
youngster can not help breathing a 
sigh over the absence of the gentler 
sex. 

Sleeping on the ground soon devel- 
oped its disagreeable features, and to 
obviate them Spanish moss was 
sought, the same hanging in profusion 
from the trees. Climbing the same, 
material was found for couches soft 
enough for the body of a king, but 
everywhere the principle of compen- 
sation comes. It did not take a great 
deal of time for some of the soldiers to 
learn that their delightful moss was an 
excellent harboring place for lizards, 
snakes and other reptiles and vermin, 
hence luxurious beds speedily lost 
their attractiveness. Yankee ingenuity 
(|uickly discovered that slender sap- 
lings, trinmied up in part, made fine 
gun-racks and hat-trees, and the tents 
were often thus equipped. Still the quar- 
ters were hampered, and only for the 
fact that at least one from each tent 
was usually on guard, the boys would 
have found their space somewhat lim- 
ited: as it was, spoon-fashion was the 
rule in sleeping, and "one over, all 
over." was the cry when a change of 
])osition became a necessity. Some 
preferred the roominess of out-of- 
doors when it did not rain, even 
though guard duty had taken away one 
of the number, and so slept in God's 
big bed-room. 

Perhaps no better idea of camp life 
in Lakeland can be had than that given 
in a letter from a private of C Com- 
pany to a Worcester friend: ''All one 
has "to do is to get up at 4.30 a.m. : fall 
in with working suits and arms at 
4.45 for roll-call; breakfast at 5.15. 
when we fall in line and pass in front 
of our smiling German cook and re- 



ceive a delicious (?) cu]) of steaming 
cofifee, along with a beautiful plate of 
savory bacon and potatoes, and all the 
hardtack one can eat. The cofifee is 
issuied green, and is either burned past 
all usefulness or is l)iiile<l green like so 
many beans, and the hog is cut in slabs 
about one-fourth inch thick, 6x4, and 
while one man gets a piece cooked to a 
turn two others get either a raw piece, 
just warmed through, or a piece so 
charred that it is bitter. On this sub- 
stantial meal we perform police duty, or 
street cleaning, and chambermaid duties 
till 6.45. At 7 we go out on the shores 
of the pond on which the camp is situ- 
ated, and drill in the beautiful sunshine 
(106 strong) for one and a half hours. 
At 10.30 we have school for general in- 
struction out under the trees in the 
shade. One man in twenty can get in 
the shade, which is usually located over 
a nest of red ants. 

"At 12.15 we partake of another 
bounteous feast of fresh beefstew or 
bean soup: at 2 p.m. school again: 4.40. 
dress parade in the broiling sun and 
ankle-deep sand : 5.40, guard mount ; 
6.05, roll-call : 6.30, supper, when we 
again gorge ourselves on choice viands 
similar to those of breakfast and din- 
ner. It is dark at 7 o'clock, and 
all of a sudden, too, for there is no twi- 
light. Nine o'clock sees all of us in 
bed." 

Lakeland itself is a comely place for 
one in the South, of perhaps 1500 peo- 
ple, about thirty miles from Tampa, and 
is called the healthiest town in Florida, 
being a great winter resort for North- 
ern people, but at this season the lat- 
ter are conspicuous by their absence. 
Like most of the cities and towns of 
the Southland, it has very little notion 
of enterprise, and was a long time in 
awaking to the fact that in its imme- 
diate vicinity was a large army of men 
with money to spend. Indeed, some 
of t!ie tradesmen were entirely bought 
out i>efore they awoke to the necessity 
of restocking. So unwilling were some 
to adajit themselves to tlie changed 
conditions, they even wished the sol- 
diers afar of?, that they might 
resume their accustomed tranquillity 
and somnolence. One boy of C, who 



98 



-r.\MMi \\.\i;. 



had gone to town for supplies, finding 
himself overloaded, asked a native how 
much he wanted to carry a small bundle 
to the camp. He said. "No, I don't 
want to. Said a merchant. "I shall be 
glad when \ou fellows leave Lakeland. 
1 hardlv get a chance to sit ildwn unless 
I lock the door." 

He would be a cpieer soldier wlio did 
not know the delights of running or 
jumping the guard: so unusualh- good 
must such a man be it would be quite 
unsafe for him to be exposed in the 
least, for the good die early. Recog- 
nizing the truth of this saying, some of 



for the boys." That the "canteen" in 
this regiment was well patronized is 
evident from the fact that it had above 
$800 in the treasury. It would seem 
that the visitors stole back into camp 
considerablv wiser than when they 
went out. but all the better satisfied 
with their (jwn volunteer surround- 
ings. 

Xor was the camp itself devoid of 
fun ; and what the boys themselves 
failed to provide sometimes came from 
unexpected sources, as when a stray 
calf, old enough to be strong and 
active, wandered into the company 




Wakukn. Ct..\rk, Allen. King. Fairbanks. 
I KillT IM ANri<\' NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICKKS. iSgs. 

the Infantrv l;ids tried the pleasures of street. Terrified by the sudden atten- 

I'Vench leave and visited llie camp of tions ni the soldiers, with tail erect, 

certain cavalrvmen across the lake. head down, and witli blatant cries, it 

The tri]) did the boys g 1. for the\ rushed ibrough llie tent of Sergeant 

had a chaiuT to see "how others lived. Hill and landed in II Street in the 

and thus widen llieir own experience. nudst of four men sleeping, and theii 

i lere thev saw Siblev tent., and learne.l iii,-ide for the lake, his only way of 

lliat the nien slejit with iheir heads e-c;ipe. A young hound seeing the dis- 

oiu or low.-irds the rim. while their tnrb.nu'e also took a hand, so to speak, 

feet congreg.aled ;u-ound the <ent-pole. and jiursued the crazed bovine into the 

Also, ihev s;iw the niuch'discussed water, swinnning after him for fully a 

"canteen." and watrluil the Mexican hundred vards, when his courage gave 

game of Monti- in progress, seeing out and he returned to the shore, leav- 

l-irge sums of money won and lost, the ing the c;dl near the i)oint of drownuig 

winner genironslv "setting them uj) from weariness ;uiil fright. L'nwdhng 



I.lCIir IXFAXTKV, 



99 



that anything should suffer tlius. the 
boys who had been laughing so heart- 
ily now essayed the part of saviours, 
and actually swam out to the rescue of 
the poor beast, helping him in till he 
could himself touch the bottom, when 
he made off. glad to be rid of his Yan- 
kee accpiaintances. 

Here is a Sunday as described by one 
who was there : "Got up as usual at 
4.45 : took breakfast of bacon, coffee 
and potatoes, which tasted good. I 
brushed my clothes, shined my buttons, 
blacked my shoes, washed my face, and 
at 8.30 marched over to headquar- 
ters for service. Read prayer, sang 
'America.' .\ccount of the Prodigal 
Son read by the chaplain. 'Nearer, my 
God,' sung by the choir and congrega- 
tion : sermon on character, illustrated 
by Gladstone, Depew, etc. I'raver 
read to close. At 1 1 o'clock went to 
a chapel down street, where our chap- 
lain preached. Twelve of us went with 
him and sang in the choir. Think 
of my melodious voice echoing 
through the aisles of the cathedral ( ?) 
50 X 30 feet. Went home, had hardtack, 
tomato soup, potatoes and coffee : 
loafed in the afternoon. \\'e were 
told that we were to leave iov Tampa 
Monday, so began to pick up : 4.30 p.m. 
went on guard duty." 

Alay 30th. Memorial Day at home, 
camp was l:)riiken and preparations for 
de]3arture were made. Reveille was 
sounded at 4 a.m., at 8.20 all was in 
readiness for leaving ; but that was not 
the way of doing things in the army, 
which never moves when the men are 
ready, for it was not till 2.30 that the 
train was taken, and a short ride had 
till 4 p.m.. not to Tampa, but to Vbor 
City, a sort of suburb of the former 
place and two miles away from it, 
camp being pitched near the Fourth 
Regiment of Heavy Artillery, on 
which account it was rumored that the 
Second was to be converted into that 
branch of the service, but all the heavy 
artillery experience our Worcester 
soldiers had was that of looking over 
the great guns and mortars with which 
the regiment was equipped. While 
camp is in a grove of scrub palmettos, 
the most abounding element in sight is 



sand, it is everywhere and is verv 
deep. To cross the street is to sink 
anklc-deeo in it. and the nuiles have 
hard times in dragging their wagons. 
The people are ])rincipally Spaniards 
or Cubans, and their jargon sounds 
((ueer enough in this "land of tlie 
free." 

C )ne of the most interesting of the 
near-by features is the great spring, 
whence is had the water for camp use. 
For fear of poison at the hands of 
vengeful Spaniards, it is carefully 
guarded. As at Lakeland, reptile's 
and disagreeable insects are much in 
evidence. Poor Little Miss Muffit 
would have had no peace whatever in 
Florida, for the big spider would not 
have waited till she was comfortablv 
seated on a tuffit before sitting down 
beside her. It was from Lakeland that 
a C man wrcjte thus of his discom- 
forts; ".So far I have had only three 
bites, but they will linger in m\ mem- 
ory for some time, till the swelling 
goes down any way. The day after I 
was bitten I was conscious of a slight 
soreness, and on the next T was so lux- 
uriously inclined that 1 would do noth- 
ing but lie on my back in the shade, on 
a rubber blanket, and let my arms lie 
out flat. They swelled so that for 
three days I could not shut lur hands. 
Georgie is now a wiser if not a better 
boy." 

For a little nmre than a week, or un- 
til June 7lh. this is to he the camp of 
the "."second." and with the usual 
routine of drill and ramp duty the time 
cpiickly ])asses. e\'ery day there bdng 
stories ot when and where the regi- 
ment was to go. There is no great 
amount of variety in the routine, but 
occasionally the difference l^etween 
North and South crops out. The 
negro is not looked upon as exactly an 
ornament to society, and there is a 
way of self-assertion among the whites 
that Xorthern men were not accus- 
tomed to. Thus on one of the days 
during which Lieutenant King was 
Officer-of-the-guard, his attention wa.s 
directed to an evident entanglement in 
a certain ]3art of his bounds and, on 
investigating, found a number of his 
men rounded u]i by a woman with a 



100 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAK. 



shciti^uii. It appi-arcd that near l)y the 
camp was a teiiiiiting' watermelon 
])atch, a situation entirely beyond the 
power of the boys to overlook, but the 
la(h proprietor was on the lookout also 
anil. ,L;un in hand, she ran them off 
the premises, corraled them in a 
small piece of woods and, on the 
officer's arrival, proceeded to prefer 
her coniiilaint, saying that if the 
authorities could not protect her prop- 
erty, she "reckoned" she could do it 
herself. The looks and manners of 
the amazon gave ample evidence of her 
al)ilil\-, an<l though a guard was sta- 
tioned near her nielons. the men 
til, iii-( 1\ I- llioiv'lil li<r ■<\\]i ]ivi'~i\\rv 




M.M.IK II. r.. Fairiunks. 

sufticient protection. They didn't like 
her melons, not even a little Int. 

( )n Sunday, the 3th of June, Compa- 
nies C and 1 ) were routed out at 
1.30 a.m. to assist in the loading of the 
Heavy Artillery's big guns upon the 
cars for transportation to Tampa, the 
same guns which, on the arrival in 
Cuba, 'General Shafter foun.l himself 
unable to unload, another comment on 
the unpreparedness of our nation for 
war with any people. The rain during 
some of these days was something to 
astonish Northern eyes. When it 
rained it poiu'ed, great, big drops as 
large, the l>oys said, as walmits, and 



those who did not have raised board 
tloors in their tents just had t< 1 wade. 
Then some of the extra careful men 
had made nice little excavations be- 
neath their floors, which, by courtesy, 
thev called cellars, where they kept 
some of their food, l.mt the floods lost 
no time in transforming them into 
small swimming tanks. 

It was here that the boxes sent by 
good Worcester friends came, and the 
opening thereof was far ahead of any 
"spring opening" annually advertised 
bv enterprising tradesmen. There 
were boxes galore, big boxes and little 
boxes, and he was a neglected l>oy who 
had not some home token in this 
shai>e. "It's just like Christmas," re- 
marks one lad with imagination and 
memorv. .Such a medley of contents ! 
Tobacco, caimed fruit, pickles, olives, 
condensed milk, sardines, ham, pickled 
eggs, acid phosphate, saltines, cake, 
cookies, boiled eggs, chowchow, rasp- 
berrv vinegar, whiskey (for medicinal 
use), tea, cofifee, fish lines, and in one 
case a baseball. While all these items 
were gratefully received by the young- 
soldiers, it is quite likely that they 
would have been just as well off if they 
had confined themselves strictly to reg- 
ular rations. 

It was in this camp that a very pretty 
tribute of home appreciation came from 
some of the younger Worcester girls 
whi> called themselves "the Busy 
I'.ees." In their spirit of patriotism 
thev had called ujiou Captain Rider 
and asked him if something in the 
\\a\- iif a sewing outfit woidd not 
be good for the men in Florida. To 
his itractical mind the proposition 
was admiral)le, and he told them to go 
ahead, which they did. In time there 
was brought to his Main Street store 
a box containing seventy-five of these 
useful comlMiiations, upon each one 
being the name of a Light Infantry 
man, with that of the maker. Called a 
"Housewife," and filled with all the 
essentials for mending and sewing on 
buttons, the .gift was just what every 
man needed. ThiC letter of thanks 
from Captain .\llen bears date of May 
31, and was a great pleasure to the 
vuung people, who heard it read at a 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



101 



meeting: held in the hiime of Mrs. A. C. 
W'ihiams. In addition, many letters of 
individual thanks were written by the 
men to the particular ones who had 
affixed their names to the presents. 

Here, too, the boys were reminded of 
one of their old comrades, "Toni" 
Rebboli, the confectioner, who had 
also been their caterer in some of their 
Framing-ham life, for he sent them a 
liberal gift of his sweetest wares, and 
thou.srh the amount for each one was 
not exactly cloying, it served to remind 
them of home, and was vastly more 
toothsome to some than was the 
tobacco which other friends sent. 

June 7th, Captain Allen wrote a let- 
ter of thanks to Halleck Bartlett for the 
medicine chest which the latter, as 
Treasurer of the Worcester A'olunteer 
Aid Association, had sent. He says: 
"It was just what we needed, and it 
did us good service, both in our Coin- 
panv, where we distributed its con- 
tents, and in the regfimental hospitals." 
All these examples of giving serve to 
illustrate the home love which followed 
the men wherever they went. 

The distance from the camp to the 
neighboring town is short, and when 
reached the men have free access to the 
tent of the Y. M. C. A., where ample 
provision was made for letter writing, 
and there was little time when some 
boy was not seen here writing a letter 
to the loved ones at home. Nor was 
the camp lacking in nearer attractions, 
for not more than three hundred 
yards away was the farm-house of a 
native, where could be bought a wide 
range of food that ordinary army regi- 
ments did not afiford. "It is presided 
over by two very pleasant and attrac- 
tive looking young women, and a num- 
ber of the boys can be found there dur- 
ing the day and evening." Tables are 
placed upon the piazza and, with abun- 
dance of stationery, the boys find this a 
fine place for letter writing. Checker- 
boards are also furnished for those 
who like the game, and with the best 
of manners the people do a big busi- 
ness. 

The 6th of June is the ninety-fifth 
anniversary of the Company, and for 
years the event had been celebrated 



with a deal of ceremony: indeed, it was 
the great day of the entire \ear. Ac- 
cordingly, though remote from Wor- 
cester, action was taken towards mak- 
ing the event memorable in Florida, 
and fifty dollars had been subscribed 
for a spread and good time. But this 
was a case of certain men's proposing 
and those in higher position disposing 
in a counter direction. The hour of 
fun had been set at 7 o'clock p.m., 
w'hen, at 6.30, the officers were sum- 
moned to headquarters to be informed 
that everything must be ready for the 
wagons at 9.30, and all festivities were 
off at once, though as the seciuel 
showed, there was ample time for a 
whole night's celebration, since it was 
not till late the next day that a move 
was made. "If we only knew" is so 
often the refrain in after reflections. 
As the men had recently been paid, 
there was an abundance of money on 
hand, and an obsei-vance of such an 
anniversary on F"lorida soil would have 
been a delightful memory. As it was, 
the time came and went just the same, 
though not exactly as had been 
planned. 

Everything was ready at the assigned 
time, but the moans of depart- 
ure (lid not show u]) till long after- 
wards. All had the pleasure of sleep- 
ing with only the arched sky for a 
covering, awaiting the orders which 
did not come, for it was not till 6.50 
p.m. on the 7th that the train w^as 
iioarded for Tampa, which was reached 
at 10 o'clock. The Company biv- 
ouacked on the depot platform, ex- 
pecting to take the transport the fol- 
lowfine day. The Orizaba had been 
assigned to the "Second," but owing 
to some confusion that vessel was 
taken by certain Regulars, and on the 
8th of June Company C found such ac- 
connnodations as it could upon the 
CoucIkt. 

In the light of subsequent events, 
the apprehensions of the national 
government, and of its representa- 
tives upon land and sea, as to the 
intentions of the Spaniards seem 
almost ludicrous. Never for an in- 
stant, even, showing the aggressive, 
when thev did leave the harbor of San- 



102 



WdUCRSTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



tiag-o, it was mih to run away as hcst many lransi)orts wliicli were evident 

theV could. Then to think that in the waters near. Owing to some of 

we' should, i<jv a moment, have the vicissitudes sure to happen in war 

entertained the thought that the times, the Second, or a part of it, had 

Dons were tr\ ing to 'cuter the (.'.ulf to take up with such (|uarters as it 

of Mexico witii the pnri)ose of could find on the L'oncho. This same 

wiping oiu onr contingent there, seems vessel wi add not have been selected 




absurd, yet just such fears and alarms a- an excursion steatner if found in 

disturbed the embarkation and hin- llostou Harbor, but it was one of those 

dered the . dei)arture not a little. ch. .sen to carry representatives of Uncle 

However, the Infantrx and its fellow .Sam to their destination. Already 

companies were at the landing and on board were two regiments of U.S. 

anxious to -o ab.>ard some one of the Infantry, one of them colored, and 



Lrc.lIT INFANTRY, COMl'.WV C. 



103 



with tlic .Massichusctts additidii, space- 
was at a premium. In tlic mimhcrs of 
these floatiiii;' caravansaries, the Con- 
cho ranked as fourteen, l^ut nothing 
could make her lovely nor ]ileasant. 
The tentage and ten days' rations, this 
day issued, had to be loadeil — lots of 
work for those who did it, and at 
about three in the afternoon, she 
steamed away to her anchorage, with 
the expectation that during the night 
the start for Cuba would be made. 
Colonel Aliller of the First Infantry, 
commanding the brigade, issued an 
order read before the officers of the 
.battalion, to the effect that if there 
should be an attack or any disturbance, 
one officer should at once go to the 
hold and stay with his men till the 
trouble was over. At m'idnight came 
the tramp of hurried feet on tlic deck, 
above the quarters of Lieutenant King, 
who immediately arose, dressed and 
repaired to the cabin, where he learned 
that Spanish gunboats had been re- 
ported five miles out, and that the men 
had all been ordered below. If these 
poor fellows had only known how 
nnich the Spaniards dreaded coming 
near the Yankees, they might have con- 
tinued their deck repose. As it was, 
they were pent up in the stifling 
regions below the water's edge, suffer- 
ing from the terrible crowding and 
heat almost to th? point of suffocation. 
Obedient to Colonel Miller's orders. 
Lieutenant King went below and re- 
mained with his almost frenzied men, 
to whose fancies came visions of catas- 
trophe, witli no chance whatever to 
help themselves. They did not wish to 
die like rats in the pit. After almost 
two hours of this tribulation, orders 
were received to bring the men on deck, 
where they found that the vessel was 
making her way back to the slip, all on 
account of possible Spaniards, ^^'or- 
cester bovs climbed the rigging and en- 
joyed the siehts afforded by the flash- 
lights which illumined the busy scene. 
For several davs there was nothing for 
the men to do but divert themselves as 
Ijest the\- could. Swimming was a 
favorite sjjnrt when near the shore, but 
at the anchiirage tn which the Concho 



again mnved on the nth, the presence 
I if sharks m;ule tlie boys sick of the 
water. .Much t(_) the relief of all, on the 
1 2th the l\nickerbt)cker drew along- 
side, and the 3d Hattalion was 
transferred to her more roomy if not 
more cleanly spaces. She is a smaller 
craft, but as yet is not crowded, though 
(in the l^lh she niox'ed up to the 
( 'rizaha ami received the 1st Battalion 
of the Second, thus having the entire 
regiment excepting the second section, 
which was on the Seneca. The new 
floating quarters is Xuml)er 13, and 
Private Fred Dean, from his known 
deftness with the brush, is directed to 
paint this talismanic combination upon 
the smokestack, while the men have 
nothing else to do but cogitate on the 
thirteens which ma\' be made out of 
the vessel and her histurw There are 
thirteen letters in the word Knicker- 
bocker : the captain has commanded 
her thirteen years: she is about start- 
ing on her thirteenth trip to Cuba : the 
1st Ilattalion was taken aboard on the 
13th; there are thirteen letters in the 
ca])tain's name : there arc the same 
munber of letters in the name of the 
'State whence the men have come ; 
thirteen steps are necessary to reach 
the bunks below, and these ingenious if 
not idle fellows had many other coin- 
cidences which tended to make the 
probability of the shij/s reaching Cuba 
extremely unlikely. 

.\t nightfall, the transport tlrew in to 
the dock and proceeded to take on 
rations and water for the Cuban trip, 
and the next morning started out again ; 
this time it really looking as if the de- 
parture were at hand. Some of the 
boys in the getting away were left, and 
few people know how a soldier feels 
under such circumstances, for there is 
alwavs the imi)utation of having tried 
to be left, in othci- words just the 
possihilit) (if desertion, the crowning 
disgrace in a military career. Thus 
when the trans]iort was likely to leave, 
those on board, in their anxiety to get 
their friends there also, climbed into 
the rigging and signaled and shouted 
tiiemselves hoarse, but in spite of all 
of their efforts C|uite a number were left 



104 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR 



a)Kl later were brought i>ut Ijv a smaller 
craft, the Marg-aret. Next tu reaching 
home, the boys were pleased at g^etting 
where they belonged. As it was, the 
antics of the lads in their efiforts to 
"get there" were ec|ual to circus per- 
formances, for after the gang-planks 
had been taken in. some of the vigor- 
ous fellows swung- themselves aboard 
by means of ropes. 

At the last moments when the 
"Knick." was moving out of her slip, 
one of the young men came running 
down the dock with his arms full of 



bath, even though he finally let go 
everything to get a two-handed grasp 
of the rope. He had to wait and to 
come out with the other delinquents. 
As the regulations were not too strictly 
enforced, no harm came to any one, 
except the inevitable anxiety and some 
rallying by their comrades. These 
Yankee boys were not starting away 
hungry. They had nionev, the most of 
them, and the shore afifords food even 
if the rations of "prime roast beef" 
were not all the most fastidious could 
wish for. Then there were boxes and 




C.\.Mi' STKEET SCENE IX L.\KEL.\N1) 



bundles, no one of which he was 
willing to ilrop even for the i>ossil)ility 
of reaching the deck. He had canned 
goods in one hand ami a bag of lemons 
in the other. "Throw me a rope" is his 
crv as lie nears the vessel. One is 
thrown and he grabs at it, his foot slips 
upon something and down he .goes, 
bundles and all, not one of which will 
he relin(|nish. .Vnguish and anxiety 
.are pictured. e(|ually, on his face as he 
holds onto the rope with one hand, the 
other being devoted to budgets, and 
he shouts to his comrades to draw him 
on board. Tliey. however, were more 
discreet, and declined to help him to a 



packages from home, which the re- 
cipients generously divided with their 
comrades. Sleeping below decks was 
not exactly comfortable, and some of 
the voungsters made up their minds 
that ' if the horrors of the :\Iiddle 
Passage, in the days of the .\frican 
slave trade, were any worse than a 
bunk in the lower regions of ( )ld 
Knick., they were glad that they were 
not passengers for America in those 
same davs of old. 

On tlie 14th. at ii.^ci, the Knicker- 
bocker is in her proper place in the 
line ; at ; p.m. the anchor is hoisted for 
o-ood and the movement for Cuba 



LiciiT ixFAXTin'. c■(.)^lPA^■^■ 



Kir 



begins. It is an auspicious event in 
American historv, but to these men. 
replete wnth animal spirits, there is 
little thought of the significance of this 
vast arrav of floating strength, on its 
way to wipe out the crowning anachro- 
nism of the century, viz., the survival 
of mediaeval Spanisli rule in this en- 
lightened western world. In three 
lines the majestic column of vessels 
moves towards the outlet of the Gulf. 
Our Massachusetts men are in the 
middle line, number six in the list. So 
near her neighbors is the Knicker- 
bocker that the closest watch is neces- 
sary lest collisions follow, and even 
then they are not always escaped. 

As the trip progresses, the beautiful 
tint of blue of the water is noted, 
though some of the men in their sea- 
sickness are oblivious to the attractions 
of their surroundings, and lucky the 
man or boy whose stomach is proof 
against the attacks of Xeptune. There 
is a whole week to be beguiled in some 
way before Cuba is reached, and in- 
genuitv will be taxed to find diversiions 
for all this number of irrepressible 
humanity. Out of sight of land, there 
was not a deal of variety, and some of 
the diaries kept afforded no more inci- 
dent than that of the ocean traveler of 
whom Alark Twain records that his 
daily entries finally dwindled to "Got 
up, ate, went to bed," though that 
occasion was duly chronicled when 
certain of the ship's crew attacked a 
venal, grasping porter and compelled 
him to disgorge four dollars which he 
had unjustly taken from the men, and 
not only gave it back to the soldiers, 
but also gave out the stock of the 
usurer, and then, knocking the fellow 
down, "stepped on him." Some super- 
stitious voyager threw overboard the 
black cat which had started with the 
Company, declining to think such a 
feline in the class of mascots. The 
boys while away the monotonous hours 
asking themselves questions like these : 
"What does the doctor give for a 
broken leg?" Ans. "Salts." 

"What does he give for seas'ickness?" 
Ans. "Salts." 

"What is his remedy for a sore toe .'" 
Ans. "Salts. ' 



"What -liall we have f.ir breakfast?" 
.\ns. "i'rime roast i)eef." 

"What shall we ha\e for dinner?" 
.Vnswer, the same as above; and thus 
through the meals of the day. 

Fortunately there is no convention- 
ality and the nu-n dress very much as 
they like. A iiairnf pantaloons is full 
dress, and one lad declares that certain 
ones wear only a smile. There is little 
reading aboard: in the start so nuich 
time was devoted to fixing for the body 
that the mental outfit was forgotten. 
However, one lad had an Outlook, an 
Independent, a Black Cat and a Mim- 
sey. Though his name was ])lainly 
written on each pamphlet he found his 
ship exercise in trying to keep track of 
his library. Personal appearance was 
not improved in these earlier days of 
rjtising a beard. Seemingly the barber 
had been left behind, and the conse- 
quent stubble of from one to two weeks 
was something to remember. 

All this time the men were likely to 
have more or less colloquy with the 
captain, who apparently was much like 
the old Dutchman whom Washington 
Irving used to describe. "Fool Cap- 
tain" was a mild term compared with 
some of those applied to tlvis son of 
Xeptune. He was seemingly proud oi 
his craft and naturally did not relish 
the flings and jibes which were con- 
stantly ringing in his ears. Yet after- 
wards the men were delighted to 
learn that when they were well off 
the boat and he had another party 
aboard, he could not talk loud enougli 
in praise of those gallant fellows from 
Massachusetts. So eccentric was he. 
some of the luen even (piestioned his 
sanity. 

There was abmidant opportunity to 
study the characteristics of other craft 
than the Knickerbocker, and at sight 
of the Miami, some one recalled the 
descri]3tion of her given by Lieutenant 
Benchley, Worcester's West Point boy 
who went down in battle at San Juan. 
He said she looked like a cross between 
Xoah's Ark and a roof-garden. The 
appositeness of the simile was evident 
to anv one seeing her towering so far 
out of the water. Glimpses of land are 
had at times as the fleet sails along the 



10(j 



WdlUKSTKI-! IN' 



SPANISH WAK. 



north coast of the Island, and the ship- 
men are able to indicate the situation 
of the more important places such as 
Havana. Alatanzas, etc. 

.Vt lo a.iu. of the 20th. the fleet was 
within siL;ht nf the liarlmr of .'^antiag^o 
and the i|iiesti<in of destination was 
ai)parentlv settled. It was a case, how- 
ever, of "so near and yet so far," for 
tlie landing-, so longed for, was still 
some liours awa\'. The fleet was to 
stand off some miles from the shore, 
to lie well cliised nj) and read)' to obey 
orders readily. ( )n the .21 st. the fleet 
again pulled in nearer the landing, but 
no command of debarkation was heard, 
and at night annther jnitting out to sea 
was had; s<i far. indeeil. diil the\- go that 
in the morning, that of the 2Jnd. for 
aught the soldier> knew, they were lost. 
However, the captain had his ship so 
well in hanil that he soon came up with 
other memliers of his flotilla, lie ex- 
plained the situation saying" that the 
fleet was lost. the\- were all right. They 
got back just in time to see the bom- 
bardment of Dai(|uiri. where the laml- 
ing on Cuban soil was to be made. .Vt 
1.30 p.m. General Shafter's boat ran 
alongside and, through a megaphone, 
he asked for Colonel Clark, wanting to 
know where he had been, saying that 
this load was to have been the very first 
to land, and directing us to p\dl in to 
aboiu a (|uarter of a nnle from \hc shore 
and (lel)ark at (mcc. 

The cajitain (l;n-ed not go much 
nearer tlum one mile, and at J. 30 the 
first boatdoad Kit. .-ind llie departures 
followed so that at 3.15 the 1st I'.attal- 
ion was all off. it was not till 7 a.m. of 
tile 23rd tli.ii ihe unloading of the i st 
liatta'lion began, the T.ight Infantry 
going- first. .Sergeant Wenlworth was 
ordered to bring oft' a box of hardtack 
and a case of canned beef, a wise pro- 
vision, for the m.nrch to join the re- 
mainder of the regiment at once pre- 
vented proi)er attention to commissary 
matters. It was 10 o"clock in the fore- 
noon that the men were .-ill ashore and 
began sizing nu ihe land about which 
they had heard so nuich and to take a 
glance at the pi'ople in who>e behalf 
thev had left their own homes, and 
the universal opinion wa^ that if the 



specimens before them were fair sam- 
ples, then the Cubans were no great 
shakes after all. Note the description 
■'made by our artist on the spot" : They 
are nu)stlv short of stature, wear little 
clothing, but each one has a gun or 
machete, or both. ( )ne fellow not over 
fifteen years of age. with face of eljon 
blackness, clothed in trousers one leg 
of which is entirelv gone and the other 
parth'. wearing no covering on the 
ujiper ])art of his liody. carries a 
rifle over his shoulder, has a belt full of 
ammunition, and in the other hand 
carries a two-pound can of beef. The 
grin upon his face extends from ear to 
ear and betokens contentment with all 
the earth. 

These voung men of ours, who are 
taking this Cuban trip, are boys in na- 
ture as well as years, and it is not at all 
strange that they lose little time in sam- 
])ling the resources of the locality. \'ot- 
withstanding all of man's boasted men- 
talitv. he has ne\'er gotten away from 
his stomach, and something good to 
eat is e\-er a prominent subject in his 
min<l. In this respect he differs from 




LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



107 



the lower orders mil}- in (lc^rce.an<I the 
hungrier he l)econies the nearer he ap- 
proaches the creature from which, 
through generations of survival, he is 
supposed to have sprung. Here is the 
record of one of the cnni])any just nff 
the hoat, and whose stomach is bigger 
than all thoughts of Cuba libir: "Then 
G. S. and I started off to see what we 
could find in the way of grub. We met 
F. D. coming back with a chicken in his 
hand, and he said he gave fifty cents for 
it. He claimed to have bought it of a 
woman who could speak nothing but 
Spanish, and after making all kinds of 



in ile])aning tried {<> destrciy everything 
that was destructible, but they failed 
to run off a large (|uanlity of wine stored 
here, forty barrels of which fell into our 
hancls: and thnugh soon guarded and 
held fur hns]iilal purposes, some of tiie 
prying .\niericans had found it soon 
enough to get merr}' over its imbibing. 
\\'hat the average soldier can not find, 
when given an opportunity, is hardly 
worth seeking. The Cuban soldiers were 
not oljjects of soul-felt affinity to the 
newlv arrived. Long years of associa- 
tion with the Island and its needs had 
produced a carelessness as to personal 




signs he took the chicken in one hand 
and a fifty-cent ])iece in the other and 
oft'ered her the choice : she took the 
money. A man who could speak Eng- 
lish told the Yankee that this act of his 
had raised the price of chickens 300 per 
cent, ^^'e tried <|uite a number of 
places at which \\e ho])ed to find a 
chicken, but we couldn't make the 
folks understand what we wanted. I 
carried a feather and George the money, 
but the people couldn't catch on." 

At this point were located the Spanish- 
American Iron\\"orks. including shops, 
railroad tracks, cars, engines, etc. Also, 
here the}- had powder mills. I'he enemy 



a|>pearance wholly lun-econcilable to 
American wa_\s. ( )ur men were accus- 
tomed to pretty nearly a whole suit of 
clothes, wliile to the native, clothing or 
raiment was not of much consecjuence 
when compared with food, and the 
readiness with which raw bacon was 
devoured by the Cuban made our men 
stare. That Cuban privates should 
carr\- their officers across the water- 
runs was c|uite an object lesson to our 
l)oys reared in habits altogether demo- 
cratic. 

Statements of the time of starting on 
that first day's march from Daiquiri are 
somewhat vague, probably because all 



lOS 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANMSII WAR. 



did not advance at the same moment, 
and then some generalized on the ap- 
parent position of the sun. If it were 
stated that it was towards noon on the 
23d that the first march on Cuban soil 
began, it w<iuld be sufficiently near the 
truth. Roads in the Massachusetts sense 
do not exist in that belated land, but 
trails are substituted, and these are nar- 
row, so much so that it is difficult for 
two to walk abreast. A twelve-mile 
tram]3 brings the Company to its first 
camping place on a hillside. This trail 
proved to be an exceedingly hard one 
to the men, just off:' the transports, and 
many were quite overcome by the tem- 
perature and the burdens. Indeed, Cap- 
tain Allen found it necessary to halt be- 
fore his Company did, and, by the side 
of a fine spring, secured the rest which 
enabled him, the following day, to come 
up with the others. Company C did in it 
start away from the landing place in- 
tact, (|uite a number of men, some nine- 
teen in all, having been detailed tore- 
main with Lieutenant King to bringup 
all arrearages, a deed fully accomplished 
on the 24th. It was on this first march 
that the men were introduced to the 
nourisliing possibilities of green co- 
coanut milk, and the agility manifested 
in climljing a jjalm for its delicious 
Iruit was a tribute to the young men's 
gymnastic training. At Sibonev or 
Juragua, only five miles away frunithe 
landing place as the crow would tly, 
but rei)resenting twelve miles of wearv 
marching, the Second lay till the 24th, 
sonie of its members getting their 
first taste nl hosijilal, incurred through 
the extreme heat. Let one of the lads 
speak for himself: "I felt dizzy, and 
was carried n\'er to the hospital on a 
stretcher, 'Vhv linspital. by the way, is 
a blockhnuse liuill by the Spaniards. I 
l;iy there all day withciut an\'thing to 
eat, and in the e\ening when my regi- 
ment went cm, I was left at the brigade 
hospital. Tlu re I saw some of the fel- 
lows wnnndrd ill the 'Rough Riders'' 
engagement. When I was lying in 
my tent in the morning, I could hear 
tlu- firing, seemingly about two miles 
away, lasting something more than an 
hour. The killed included one of tlie 
!st Cavalrv, two fmni the lotli t ojored. 



and ten from the Rough Riders, and 
thirty-five were wounded. The Span- 
iarfls were in ambush, and had a 
chance to kill all of the Rough Riders, 
who were easy marks. The coming 
11]) of the Tenth saved the Rough 
Riders, whom our boys often denomi- 
nated 'Wood's Weary AValkers." The 
accommodations are not much. The 
wounded men are laid in a rude build- 
ing on the floor, the very worst cases 
being taken to the hospital Ijoat. Don't 
ever get into a hospital in war, if vou 
can help it: I mean one that clues nc3t 
belong to your own regiment, and none 
of them are any too good. They feed 
you what they please, and tell vou to 
get out before you are able to walk. 
This was my experience. (Due of the 
Rough Riders was brought in sick, and 
the surgeon told him there was nothing 
tile matter with him. This did not suit 
the men whc) had brought their comrade, 
so they went back, four miles, and told 
their lieutenant-colonel. It didn't take 
the latter a great while to ])ut in an ap- 
pearance, and to give that surgeon a 
most genteel dressing down. He fin- 
ished up by telling the surgeon that he 
would lose his job. The mighty saw- 
bones took off his hat and begged a 
thousaiul ])ardons, Init 'Teddy' simply 
s.aid that he didn't wish to have any- 
thing more to do with him." Evidently 
the future President's sharp tongue is 
not altogether! a late creation. 

E\-ery soldier in Cuba has a head full 
of crab memories. In number and size 
they by far eclipsed anything ever seen 
by them before. C)ne of the men on 
guard declared he halted one of them, 
thinking him a man ; while another ve- 
racious soldier declared that one of the 
rascals had scuttled off with his pipe. 
When, some days later, this spot became 
the site of a hospital, ancl one of the 
colored patients was askecl if there was 
anything that could be done to enhance 
his comfc^rt, the poor fellow, to whose 
disordered fancy these monsters had 
become exceedingly repulsive, replied, 
"N'es, build around me a fence six feet 
high and strong enough to keep out 
these terrible creepers." As they made 
their way through the brush, some de- 
clared the\ made as inucli noise as a 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMl'ANV 



horse. The halt here attonled o])|)urtu- 
nitv for saU-water baths, and an oppor- 
tunitv to see the transports unloaded. 
Here it was that the hatless messen- 
ger came up on horseback asking for 
help, since the Rough Riders were hard 



eral. We were immediately ordered 
mider arms, and remained so for about 
an hour." The Sth and the 22d were 
sent forward insteail, but on their arrival 
the enemy had withdrawn. Fortunately 
for the famous Riders who never rode, 




■T. Aldrich. IIexrvJ.C, 

Sergt. G. W. Stebbins. 

WiNFIELD D. RhEUTA.-J. KiUh Z.4EDER. 

i:\I.ISTEn MEN OF COMl'ANV C. 



pressed at Las Guasimas. Lieutenant 
King writes."! directed him to General 
Lawton's headquarters, and a second 
courier, arriving a moment later, I sent 
to Lieut. -Col. E. R. Shumway, then 
commanding the regiment, as Colonel 
Clark was then Acting Brigadier Gen- 



tile 1st and lotli Cavalry, by another 
route, had come up just in the nick of 
time, and so saved the venturesome 
soldiers from even worse troubles. 

At 8 p.m. on this 24th day of June, 
the Company went to the shore to draw- 
rations for three davs, among other 



WORCESTER IN THE SI'ANtSlI WAI;. 



items gettino^ a gallon can of presciA-ed 
tomatoes, involving a burden which no 
provident dis])osition would warrant in 
carrying any considerable distance. As 
a consec|uence many a can was thniwn 
away — a dead li iss ti > llu- m iMier and t( i 
the deixirtment which funii^hcil such 
unreasonable ralii>ns. The cani]i was 
abandoned at 5.30 p.m., and a start was 
made along the route already tra\'ersed 
by Roosevelt's men, Com]jan\- C being 
the rear guard. Two hours' marching- 
through characteristic Cuban thickets 
brought the men to where they could 
see tlie results of this first day's enccum- 
ter, for here the colored troops were 
burying their fallen comrades. The 
Inirial service, read by the chaplain, a 
dirge by the luuul, three volleys o\-er the 
new-made graves and then '"taps," told 
to all hearersthebriefstory of mortality. 
Then through the darkness the mile- 
long column stumbled along o\er roads 
indescribable in their roughness, some- 
times in the beds of streams now dry ; 
everywhere through vegetation so 
dense that it had afforded perfect hid- 
ing places to an enterprising eneni}-, 
which, fortunately for these l)o\s, did 
not exist in their immediate \icinily. 
and camp at last was pitched b_\' the 
side of the Rough Riders, whose dead 
were lying under a tree near b_w 

Lieutenant King >a\'s this of the scene 
of the fight : "Satmday.lhe J5lh. 1 arose 
earlw and with several officers went 
over the grounds; a better place for a 
small bo<l\ i]f troops to stand oiT an 
arni\ w.is nr\er seen. The two trails 
o\i-r which the two columns had ap- 
proached meet hri-e at almost right an- 
gles, and both rimning u|) hill. 1 think 
500 U. .'^. sol(lirr> coidd ha\e held the 
])osition against ;in army." The stoj) at 
this point was short, though in the time 
the Light lnf;inlry hail so generously 
given of their own r;ilii ins to the poi )rly- 
pro\idcd-lor Rough Uidei's th,-it in sub- 
sec|uent hours soini.' of the Worcester 
hoys went hungry. At 0.43 the ;id\ance 
again began, and coniiuueil lor, pos- 
sibly, two miles, till ;it .^e\illa, on a 
fine grassy tract, the weary soldiers 
were ])ermilted to ])itch lluir lents. 

W bile in this camp two batteries of 
artiller\- came up and two dynamite 



guns, and ;in officer, in whom the hunt- 
ing disposition was developed, remarks, 
on his hearing the whistling of a (luail, 
making him almost homesick in the 
memories the sound aroused. Later he 
says he saw large numbers of the bird. 
It was in this camp that orders were 
issued against the eating of green man- 
goes, it being understood from the na- 
tives that the fruit at this time was ex- 
ceedinglv harmful. All of these days 
were filled with vicissitudes for an hon- 
est \oung Soldier. ( )ne day a mechanic 
was called for, and Eddie S. of C very 
jiroperly volunteered. When he re- 
turned, after an absence of several 
hours, he was seen to wear a very much 
abused look, and incjuiries developed 
the fact that the skilled workman could 
not see where his mechanical ability 
was ])articularl}' drawn u|)i:in in the 
carrving of logs, for that was the work 
he had been doing during his absence, 
.^uch breaches of confidence begat 
wariness in the minds of these astute 
\-oungsters, and the same lad was not 
often caught a second time, at any rate 
not with the same bait. Ticket duty and 
general scouting expeditions enable 
the men to ]iretty thoroughly learn 
their surroun<lings. Rain and shine 
alternate, so far as the weather is con- 
cerned, and s(j hoi is the sun that wet 
garments are speedily dried. ( )f the 
\-arietv in a soldier's life, here is an 
excellent jiicture outlined by the chief 
character in the scene: "I carry my 
coffee and hardtack in the toe of a 
stock'ing which is tied to my licit, lie- 
cause of the smallness of my ha\'ersack 
ami the necessity of carrying anmiuni- 
tion, clothing, etc. The coffee is given 
out in the berry, and when we would use 
it we ha\'e to grind it ourselves, and this 
we do by beating it between two 
stones. Now, I had a glass jar of extract 
of beef which I was keeping, in case of 
an emergency, in the toe of another 
stocking, ^"esterda\', when 1 went to 
]>ound luy coflree. i got hold of the 
wrong stocking and pounded up my jar 
of extract of beef. I was a\vfun_\ sorry, 
but it turned out all right, since we are 
awfully short of food just now; so 1 
boiled the stocking and extract, get- 
ting' therefrom a right down good feed." 



1,1 CUT r\i-AXTi;\-, 



HI 



Rc\-eille. til a snldicr al\\a\s rarlv. 
soinulecl earlier than usual on theJ/tJi, 
for it was at 4.20 that the well-known 
notes were heard, and soon after the 
Company started, marching about four 
miles to reach a point not more than 
two miles off, in a straight line. Here 
camp was again pitched and men from 
C Company, with some from D, were 
put on outpost duty some distance from 
the regiment. Towards the enemy, 
hospital buildings in Santiago were vis- 
ible, and the f( u't and block-houses of 
F,l Caney also ajijjeared. Indeed, the 



imhdgeuce in the fruit, wb.icli abomids 
ev'er_\ where. It is the rainy season too. 
and to be wet to the skin is generally 
the rule, .'^mnetimes. in the night, the 
b(i\ s reuidxe their cluthing. and wrap- 
jiing it in their rubber blankets to keep 
it dry, eujny for lliemselves a long 
shower batli of ilie falling rain; cool 
and comfortable, liut not just exactlv 
])resentable. 

The firing of a gun du the ■ mtpcst did 
not necessarily mean that the enemv 
was in a belligerent moiid. but rather 
that the sentr\- in his xiyilance has niis- 




EXLlSTIin ME.\. to.\ii'.\.\v c. 



position was such that a panoramic 
y\e\\' was had of a deal of the Spanish 
line. Certain scouting parties were sent 
out, but they failed to reveal any in- 
dications of the enemy. Possibly had 
they gone farther the_\- might have 
found the object of their search. The 
country itself abounds in everything 
that a tropical region can ]5roduce, but 
medical restraint nrc\-ents unlimited 



taken some crawling thing for a prowl- 
ing Spaniard, hence discharges his 
weapon, to the discomfiture of It's com- 
rades and the indignation of the offi- 
cers. How the enemy felt no one can 
tell. Late in the afternoon of the 28th a 
sound was heard that was exceedingly 
welcome to the hungry members of the 
Company. It was not exactly a dinner 
bell, though it announced the arrival of 



112 



\V()KCESTEK IN THE SPANTSII WAk 



food. It was the small tinkle on the 
neck of the bell horse, and so indicated 
the arrival of the pack-train with long 
delayed rations for those famishingf sol- 
diers. The rations of bacon and hard- 
tack which were soon distributed were 
not lart^e, hut they were gratefully re- 
ceived, and the men in eating them 
wondered if they ever had been really 
hungry in the old days at home. Sugar 
and coffee, luxuries for the American 
soldier, wherever serving, also were re- 
cei\-ed in small quantities and refreshed 
man}' a drooping spirit, for no u'.atter 
how brave a man may be he never gets 
away from his stomach and its cravings. 
Probably the remark is much older than 
Gen. Sherman, but he is credited with 
saying that an army moves on its belly. 
The location of the camp is possibly 
fourteen miles from the landing, but dis- 
tances are multiplied when the difficul- 
ties of communication are considered. 
Hence the hard work to keep the men 
supplied with food. Ridiculous sums 
were offered for hardtack, with few sales 
rejiorted, because there was nothing to 
sell. ( )ne boy remarks that the grass 
near his camping place is two feet tall, 
and he further states that if Uncle Sam 
held that territory the whole world 
could not prevail against it, so strong 
are the natural fortifications. Fine as 
is the location of the camp, the men 
have to go a mile and a half for water, 
and this, too, in a thirsty land. Field- 
glasses revealed a deal of activity on 
the part of the enemy, and he could be 
readily seen throwing up intrench- 
mcnts, evidently intending to hold uul 
aslongas possible. ^Military duties were 
not of so arduous a nature that the men 
could not study animated nature. From 
the tarantula and chameleon, upon tin- 
ground, to a black parrot building his 
nest in a tree, all were objects of hourly 
study to these Yankee boys. The 29th 
of June found the regiment still in 
camp, with accustomed rains, and word 
is ])assed around that on the following 
day an attack will be made upon the 
enemv's works. What would army life 
])v wilhdut rumors, and what a re\'ela- 
lion it Avciuld lie to tiiid out just Ikjw 
tlu\ nriginate. X(j man r\er traced one 
III its prime beginning. They were e\'er 



as unsubstantial as a dream. Here, too, 
the boys had a fine opportunity to 
judge the beauty of "taps," when the 
dulcet sound goes from camp to camp. 
To paraphrase the remark of the great 
Jonathan Edwards concerning the 
strawberry, "Probablv man could have 
made a lovelier combination of harmo- 
nious sounds than those which make 
up taps, but probably man never did." 

The last day of June brought orders 
to prepare rations, and to be ready to 
move at a minute's warning. It was 
after four o'clock when the Company 
started from its camp, and joining the 
regiment, drew two days' rations and a 
large quantity of ainmunition, and after 
a wait of considerable duration, at 
about six p.m. another start was made. 
It Avas not a stroll for pleasure, for the 
Spaniard had forgotten to build con- 
venient bridges, hence these boys, so 
far from home, had to wade in water 
up to their knees, and climb muddy, 
slippery banks. In the darkness, and 
the silence which they were ordered to 
maintain, the situation was somewhat 
gruesome. The prevailing thought in 
these men's minds was, "When and 
where is all this business to end?" 

It was a welcome sound when there 







LIC.HT IXFAXTRY, COMI'AXV 



113 



came the order to lialt. to unroll 
blankets, and to camp beside the trail. 
P'rom the position of the lig-hts in front, 
the Spaniards were nearer than when the 
march began. Even here, when so tired 
from the hard marching, a careless or 
over-vigilant guard discharges his gun, 
thus murdering the sleep of weary 
soldiers. It is 3.30 a.m. on the ist of 
July that the men are roused, directed 
to roll their blankets, eat their break- 
fasts and await orders. 

In his "Fight for Santiago" Stephen 
Bonsai has this passage concerning that 
night march of the Second Regiment : 

"We rode along the trail to the right 



It was 5.30 hefurc "fall in" was heard, 
and }et the wait continued. Dame Ru- 
mor circulating the report that a mes- 
senger had been sent to demand the sur- 
render of El Caney. Over at the right 
was Capron's Battery, and its Captain 
was only too anxious to get the com- 
mand to fire, for his son, Capt. A. K. 
Capron. was among the slain in the 
Rough Riders' fight at Las (iua.simas. It 
is fully six o clock when he receives the 
welcome order and tlie bombardment 
begins, but the distance is too great to 
be effective. Let one who was there 
tell the story of his conii)an\- in his ciwn 
Iani'ua"'e : 




i;i:m I'.m i;i:k> 



before the sun rose, while the forest was 
as still as death and the great dewdrops 
clustered upon the plantain leaves like 
pearls. The mists of the morning still 
hung over the valley of Caney as we 
rode out upon the little plateau over- 
looking it. Slowly, stealthily, a column 
of volunteers was disappeai^ing down 
into the valley below, where it was still 
night. It was a strange and surprising 
thing to hear the 'burr' of the Connecti- 
cut valley men in tropical surroundings 
such as these. They were the Second 
Massachusetts \'olunteers going to the 
front." 



"At seven we moved, and then I 
learned that the first two battalions, 
with the exception of I Company, had 
gone ahead while we had been held 
back by General Lawton's order, since 
the firing of the artillery was directly 
across the road that we would have to 
take. For some time after the firing 
began, there was no answer from the 
enemy, but shortly before we moved we 
heard the guns of their infantry, so that 
we knew our own boys were already at 
work. By 'our boys' I mean the Eighth 
and the Twenty-second, which had pre- 
ceded our regiment, or in military par- 



114 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



lance WLTL' on the right. Finally we 
moved forward and turned down a 
rough trail under the line of artillery 
firing and int<T a ^•alle^• and across an 
abandoned plantatiiMi. We pressed for- 
ward and struck the Santiago road soon 
after, turned to the right and went in the 
direction of the firing. 

"As we drew nearer bullets began to 
slash through the grass and cut the 
brush about us. There was an open 



and again they would come swishing 
through the grass or hit a tree near by 
with a dull thud. Todd, who lay next 
to me, had a l:)ullet pass through his 
canteen, rendering it useless. [I'idc 
Todd's statement later, page ii8.) 

'T wondered why more were not hit, 
and 1 thought of the terrible ravages a 
bullet would make if it should hit a man 
when lying down. If it strtick his left 
shoulder, it would go through the entire 




CoKi'. J. w. H 



field at the right, and Major h'airbanks 
marched us in and ordered us to remove 
our rolls and lie cluwn. After having 
attempted [<> re]"in nur arrival, in the 
absence ni (jrder^. lie (k-plmed us ;Lnd 
started to advance. At this stage three 
men in nnr section were wounded, bin 
not dangercnisly, though one of them 
moaned pitifully. .\s I lay with m_\' 
head to the front 1 could hear the hum 
of the bullets ])assing over me. and now 



bocly. 1 wished I might stand up, for 
then a bullet could only go through a 
short svicice, but of course a man lying 
down |)resents a much less conspicuous 
mark than one standing upright. At 
the command 'forward' every man went 
grandly and proudly, though every one 
felt that lie might lie going to his death. 
The wmmded and the dead were carried 
by constantly and we were seeing war 
in all its horrors. The infantrv firine' 



LIGHT IXF.WTRY, ( ( ).M I'AN'i- C. 



115 



was incessant, and sDumlcil like the 
popping of corn over hot coals, only the 
whistle and kiss of the bullets and the 
frequent bursting of the co]iper jackets 
on the bullets, used by sonie of the 
Spaniards, added another sound tn the 
popping. 

■'After aiKancing se\oi'al hiunlred 
yards the battalion was halted, ami an 
hour later we were assembled in a shel- 
tered position l)y the Colonel, with 
whom we had managed to connect. 
After a considerable pause here we were 
again deployed and moved to the right, 
down a trail to the front to support a 
battery which was brought up from the 
rear so it might be more effective. Some 
of the regiment were slightly protected 
by a dirt bank, but our Company lay out 
in the open, near a path over which the 
wounded were carr'ied on their way to 
the rear, a situation of which the Span- 
ish sharpshooters were soon aware. 
When we were obliged to send for 
water it was at a great risk, but the men 
cheerfully and bravely undertook it. 

"In our rear a man was seen in the 
top of a tree, but lie proved to be a 
Cuban without a gun. He was promptly 
ordered down, and the next day anv Cu- 
ban, Spaniard, or other race, found' up a 




3 



Rf'A^'^sLgJW. Ul ^ /f A 




Col. E. p. Clark in the Fi 



tree v.as shot at sight, for we had no 
desire to be marks for sharpshooters. 
We lay in the broiling sun all da\-, ad- 
vancing little by little ?il<ist of us had 
eaten nothing sine-' four o'clock in the 
morning, and cpiite a numijcr were over- 
come b\- the heat, the thermometer on 
that Julv day mounting to 130 degrees. 
About four o'clock the Twelfth and the 
Twenty-fifth made a charge and drove 
the Spaniards out of their trenches. 
During this close encounter the bullets 
came our way in earnest, and I thought 
the enemy was trving to make a break 
through our lines, but nothing came 
of it. 

"In about half an hour the American 
flag was raised on the fort amid the 
cheers of our men. Just liere General 
Ludlow rode up and said. 'Where in tlie 

d 1 arc the block-houses they sav 

they cannot take?" 'I will knock them 
all to ]iieces.' Then he ordered up Ca- 
pron's Ilattery. niiw in our rear, while we 
moved out of the way, letting the big 
guns get in their work, which they did 
much more effectually than in the morn- 
ing. Two block-houses in a line w'ere the 
objectives. The first shot struck be- 
tween the two, the .second struck the 
further house, the third liil the roof of 
the first, the fdurtli and llie lifth com- 
pleted the demolition of the structures, 
and the few Spaniards who were left 
alive ran away. 

"At five o'clock we were sent back for 
our rolls and haversacks, and we ex- 
pected to i-anip for the night. l)ut no 
such boon ;is a goml night's sleep was 
'in store for us. Though we had been 
under fire ten hours, and the night be- 
fore had been sjjent almost wholly in 
marching or waiting, we w«re now 
-Lirted off on the main road for San- 
:iago to hel]) the other part of our army 
1 hat, during the day, hatl been fighting 
' >n the slojies of the surrounding hills. 
\t one o'clock a.m. came the welcome 
ommand to halt, and we slept for two 
1 ours and then were ofif again, moving 
.V the left flank, or, in other words, the 
( irder of yesterday's march was re- 
\ersed.for then ourCompany was in the 
rear : now it led the brigade. We swung 
ofT the main road, down a narrow trail 
which, owing to the dense undergi-owth. 



116 



WORCESTER IN THE SrANTSTI WAR. 



became so dark that each man took 
hold of the jacket of the man in front of 
him so that we could more easily keep 
together. We crossed a stream, went 
u]) a slippery bank, passed El Poso, 
taken the day before, and on towards 
the trenches which surrounded Santi- 
ago, getting there early in the fore- 
noon of the 2d. 

"The most of the day we spent in dig- 
ging trenches, that we might be able to 
hold our position on the hill, but the 
work was done under great difficulties, 
since there was a raking fire all day and 
our only tools were mess-pans, spoons 
and knives. Fortunately, the breast- 
works proved too strong for the enemy, 
who, at ten o'clock that night, made an 
unsuccessful effort to take them. For 



saiuie tree. Being a generous fellow he 
shared his store of hardtack with me. 
Our talk drifted to the important ques- 
tion as to whether we could prevent the 
enemy retaking the hill. I told him of 
our hard time in trying to dig trenches 
without pickaxe or shovel, and said I 
should like to get a sword bayonet, with 
which I cou'd work much faster. He 
said there was one on the other side of 
the tree. I started to get it and while 
stooping to pick it up, a bullet went zip 
close to me. I thought at first that it 
had hit the ground close to my feet, and 
said, half aloud, "Ratlner a close call,' but 
thought nothing more of it until I saw 
the man with whom I had been talking. 
His head was dronping and his liody 
bent forward. 




four days and three nights we had had 
\'er\' little sleep and very short rations, 
the most of the time having been de- 
voted to marching, receiving the fire of 
the enemy and digging. ( )n our way 
up to this position, after crossing the 
first stream, I grew very tired, and see- 
ing a large tree invitingly near. I 
thought T would get a little shade as 
well as a few moments' protection from 
the bullets, which were uncMnilortabl} 
numerous. 

"While sitting on the least exposeil 
side of tlir tree ;ind wishing for some- 
thing to eat, aldug came a Sixth I'. S. 
(/avalrvman, who took refuge under the 



"Getting down on my knees I in- 
ipiired if anything was the matter with 
him and he said Tm bit,' and pointed 
to his side. Right below his ribs I dis- 
covered a hole which was so small that 
I shduld hanll\- have noticed it had it 
not l>een for the little l>lack and Idue 
siujt where the bullet had entered, but it 
was bleeding internally, for there was 
not a trace of blood to be seen. I asked 
him what 1 could do for him, and he 
called for a drink of water. He had 
turned deatlil\- pale, bm complained 
ver\' little. T hailed some ]iassers-by, 
and asked them to help me. Six of us 
took him in a blanket and started for 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C, 



ir 



the Iios[)ital, aljout three hundred yards 
away. We liad none perhaps tifty yards 
when one oi nur number uttered a cry 
and sank to the °;round. He had been 
shot in the ankle. One of our party took 
the second wounded man on liis l)ack 
and started again for the hospital. His 
wound must have been painful, ior he 
begged his bearer to put him <lcnvn. 
When we reached the h()S])ital, I 
thought the cavalryman was dead, ijut I 
know nothing more of him. I went 
back to the tree for my gun and roll. 
As my own gun had disappeared I took 
that of the dead trooper." 

It was July 1st that Captain Allen was 



were met man\- army wagons loaded 
with wounded going to the rear, the 
regiment passed near "Bloody Bend," 
so called, where the road takes a turn 
towards the San Juan River. The liical- 
ity was thus named from the lunuber of 
deaths during the fight, when concealed 
sharpshooters swept the entire space. 
The river itself is reached as the batter- 
ies of tjrimes and Capron come rolling 
back from the front, having been com- 
pelled to abandon their positions on ac- 
count of the intensity of the enemy's 
fire. To the onlooking infantrymen 
the dash througli the river by the artil- 
lery was an inspiring one, they coming 




compelled to give up and go to the hos- 
pital. Rheumatism of the sev^erest char- 
acter had him in its grasp, and there 
was no help for him in the field. His 
enforced departure from the Company 
was regretted by all, and by no one 
more than by the ofificer himself. As his 
aJilment did not yield to treatment in 
Cuba, he was obliged to return to Wor- 
cester, and not till r^Iontauk was 
reached c'id he see hij men again. On 
the march from El Caney to the 
trenches before Santiago, after passing 
El Poso, through a lane or road in whicli 



out \er\- near the s])ot where, the day 
before. Lieutenant Benchley, a Worces- 
ter boy, who was serving in the Si.xth 
Regulars, was instantly killed. The ap- 
proach to San Juan hill was none too 
easy, the way having to be cut through 
the intervening barbed wire. Compa- 
nies C and H were at once put upon 
the firing line, just under the crest of 
the hill, l)ut they were not kept there 
long, being soon withdrawn to a less 
exposed place, very likely on account 
of the archaic weapons the boys were 
ol)Iiged to carrv. Later a move was 



118 



WORCESTER IN THE SrAXISII WAR. 



made to the right, where intrenching; 
was the order of the day. 

Reference ha\Hing- been made to the 
WGunding" of Private Todd, the follow- 
ing letter, wri^tten April 13, 1903, is 
apropos : "We had thrown ofif haver- 
sacks, rolls, etc., and left the same with 
Fred Dean and another man, detailed 
to take care of them, retaining only the 



which in some way had gotten under 
me, rendered me so uncomfortable that 
I raised myself on my left arm, and 
reaching under grasped the canteen and 
gave it a toss over onto my left hip. 
1 had hardly come back to my original 
position of resting on my elbows, with 
my gun grasped in anticipation of an 
order to advance again, when a bullet 




clothing we wore, together with guns, 
ammunition and canteens, .\dvancing 
in skirmish line, we were soon in the 
zone where bullets were flying and sing- 
ing past, and were ordered to lie down 
and to get under cover as much as pos- 
sible. I was not fortunate enough to 
get under any cover, so had to lie in 
an open space, where probably some 
sharpshooter of the enemy got his eye 
on me. I had been lying in this place 
but a short time when mv canteen. 



zipped past my left ear, and, striking 
the canteen, which a moment before I 
had thrown to my left hip, passed 
through it, and then grazed the fleshy 
part of the thigh, just above the bone, 
and finally went, I know not where. I 
still have the canteen with the hole 
through it, and I know from the dent, in 
addition to the jagged hole, that it 
glanced and thus saved me from a 
i)roken hip. Not thinking I had much 
of a wound, though mv thigh was so 



LTCIIIT INFANTRY, COMI'AN^' C. 



Ill) 



sore I could not lie on it the following 
two n'ights, I made no mention of it, be- 
ing a little bit afraid of being thought 
childish over a small matter, so the 
l)oys did not really know that the bullet 
had more than passed throuigh my can- 
teen till two days afterwards, when, go- 
ing in bathing with my tentmate, Cha- 
pin, I showed him the result of the hit. 
He prevailed upon me to go round, 
letting the boys know how close a call 
I had had. They made lots of fun of 
me, saying that I didn't know when I 
was shot, which was partly true, as I 
did not stop to actually find out until 
the second day, for immediately after 
the fight came the march to San Juan 
hill, the intrenching, and the night at- 
tack, and there was not time to ex- 
amine the condition of my body. 

"Noting \vhat the Magazine has had 
concerning the number thirteen in the 
annals of the Second, I may say that I 
formed one of a squad of thirteen new 
men who passed examination for enlist- 
ment at the Armory and wound uj) with 
having to share tent No. 13 with As- 
sistant Bugler Chapin, and, by the way, 
I have written this letter, unthinkingly, 
on the 13th." 

The diary of a Company C man 
gives a very good notion of the prog- 
ress of events during these July days : 

Sunday, July 3. — Sultry day ; sun 
does not shine bright : continual 
firing over our heads; heavy can- 
nonading in the west: tliink it 
must be Sampson ; orders to )Kick 
up and be readv to nmve at 
once: 1:0 firing now except by 
sharpshooters: R. and 1.. at focul, fired 
upon by sharpshooters in a tree : or- 
dered to move at 6 a.m. Monday. 

Monday, July 4. — Up at 4.45 : break- 
fast and ready to move at 6; started at 
6.45 in an easterly direction towards El 
Caney. the scene of our first battle : 
flag of truce for twenty-four hours : the 
silence seems strange : reach end of 
march on top of a hill east of Siintiago : 
1 1 .30. heavy firing in the harbor ; think 
it is SaniDSon trying to get in. 

Tuesday, July 5. — The Company 
turned out to defend our position at 
2.30 a.m., false alarm : turned out again 
at (> a.m., but found that what we 



thought to l)e .Spanish soldiers coming 
from the city were Cuban refugees, 
women and children, evacuating San- 
tiago: we wtill have a hot time to-day; 
General I'ando is reported to have en- 
tered the city with 6000 reinforce- 
ments: find that yesterday's heavy 
firing was the destroying of the Vis- 
caya : digging trenches nearly all day. 

Wednesday, July 6. — Slept well ; fine 
day, no firing; expect a shell, however, 
any minute ; the people who came out 
of the city say that they are in a 
wretched condition, with nothing to 
eat or drink ; four batteries planted on 
tnir hill ; have to go a mile for w^ater. 

Thursday, July 7. — C)fficial report of 
the fight with the fleet states all Span- 
ish boats destroyed; 1300 prisoners 
taken, together wnth .\dmiral Ccrvera; 
300 Spaniards killed, w"hile only one 
America-' was killed and two wounded ; 
we are within half a mile of the Spanish 
outpost; can see the enemy plainly; 
trenches all finished, though it has 
been hard digging with plates, knives 
and forks ; we are placing bags of sand 
on top of the intrenchmcnts ; truce pro- 
claimed till 10 a.m. Saturday. 

Friday, July 8. — Fine day ; get a ma- 
chete from Cuban ; found a native who 
could speak French ; R. and I. talked 
quite a bit with him ; captured a mule 
and horse: ("leneral Miles arrived at 8 
a.m.: guns!! lonesome on guard. 

Saturday, July 9. — Truce ends at 
noon : fine, fertile valley before me, 
pineapples, bananas, cocoanuts, etc.. 
lemons included ; truce resumed. 

Sunday, July 10. — Taft and Gleason 
sick in hospital ; moved at 4 a.m. to the 
northwest of Santiago ; city plainly 
seen, bu!l-ri;.g, etc. ; they are given till 
4 p.m. for unconditional surrender ; 4.45, 
first gun fired at Santiago, and then the 
fusilade began ; night put an end to 
firing. 

Monday. July 11. — Fire opened 
again, but we get no reply : perhaps 
thev are reserving their fire till a 
charge is made: 9 a.m., again ordered 
to move ; went clear around the city to 
the west side, so we have gone nearly 
around the same : nothing but the sea 
pre\ents a complete encirclement ; we 
are in a ver\- exposed place, not more 



120 



WDRCESTILli IN THE SI-AXISII WAR. 



than 700 yards from the enemy, and 1 
don't see why we are not fired upon ; in 
camp at 6 p.m. ; rains all the time ; 
soaked through and throus'li. 

Tuesday, July 12. — Still rainint; ; 
bri.)ke camp in the midst of the pouring 
rain ; e\-er}-hody discouraged and 
soaked ; it seems as if we were march- 
ing right into Santiago, so near are we: 
rain slacked at 12 m., and then we went 
til <lig""ing trenches: truce still nn: \vc 



Friday, July 15. — Feeling fine, 
though there is lots of sickness. 

Saturday, July 16. — ^Vord just came 
that h'red Taft died at hospital July 14: 
poor h>ed ! leaving wife and child ; 
rheumatism. Everything looks hopeful 
now : expect to start home soon ; visited 
Spanish cemetery, where artificial 
flowers abound. 

Sundav, July 17. — Fine day; 8.15 
a.m., short memorial for poor Fred 




are so near the .Spaniards that we can 
hear them talking. 

Wednesday July 13. — More trenches 
to be dug: Cubans are no good ; took a 
bath, the first for three weeks: 12 m.. 
raining ag'ain : moved the camp back 
about 75 yards. 

Thursday, July 14. — Corporal Hol- 
bronk promoted Sergeant : Private El- 
dridge made Corporal; in the trenches 
at Ti.^o: truce ends at 12 m. : 2 p.m., 
no firing yet : 4.,^o. \i<i-d goes round 
that Santiagii is surrendered: 12,000 
men here, and S.ooo east, gives practi- 
cal control of (,'nlia; home! ! ! 



(Taft): speech by Lieutenant King; 
singing by the Compan\- and prayer by 
Stewart ; g to 9.30, on the parapet, sort 
of formality salute: 11.45, again on the 
para])et ; 12 m.. Stars and Stripes 
lioisted over Santiago; salute of 21 
guns; bands played; cheering: great 
rejoicing: this is now U. S. soil : rations 
issued, wdiich pleased every one, as we 
ate a hungry dinner; Dean and Crocker 
went back and marked Taft's grave. 

}>Ionday, Julv iS. — Fine <lay ; ships 
are coming into the harbor, hospital 
ship, etc.: the air is full of Jo-Jo ru- 
mors. 



I.liniT INFANTRY. COMPANY 



\2\ 



Tuesday, Julv IQ. — l'~ine day: been 
away all day to Cuban village west of 
Spanish cemetery and down to edge of 
Santiago, doing some trading : get a 
belt and pouch ; terribly hot : mail came 
to-day : much sickness. 

Wednesday. July 20. — Terribly hot; 
evervbod\' tr\ing to visit the Cuban 
village or the lines of Santiago ; shall 
be going home soon if there is no fever 
in camp. 

Thursday. July 21. — .Vnother fine 
day; does not act like rainy soasdU : is- 
sue of fresh beef rations. Hurrah ! 

Friday, July 22. — Fine, hot day; 
another issue of beef. 

Saturday, Jul\- 2t,. — Fine da}-; the 
best breakfast since we have been on 
the Island ; the army wagons going by- 
look fairly beautiful ; Lieutenant King 
in town. 

Sunday, July 24. — Engine running 
on the track for the first time ; fresh 
meat for the last three days ; will prol^- 
ably have plenty to eat now ; many 1 if 
the boys are sick. 

Monday, July 25. — Terrild}- hot ; no 
rain during the day, though it fell in 
the night; slept in a wet bed, as usual; 
ordered to change tents across the 
ditches ; 35 men out of 69 sick ; the first 
day that I have been sick Since leaving 
Worcester. 

Tuesday, July 26. — Hot and sultry; 
ordered back on hill: order counter- 
manded. 

Wednesday, July 2y. — Official notice : 
the Fifth Corps will leave for Maine as 
soon as the Spanish soldiers depart ; 
thev can't go anv too soon. 

Thursday, July 28.— Still have that 
terrible feeling ; ache all over. 

This is the last entry of the narrator 
until August 10. Evidently his aches 
culminated in a trip to the hos])ital. 
where so many of his conu-ades had 
preceded him, and to which sooner or 
later every member of the Infantry had 
to pay tribute. However, there were 
other diarists, and from another inter- 
esting journal these observations and 
reflections are gleaned : 

"We are told not to eat mangroves. 
The}- are yellow and look like a pear, 
with a very large stone like a peach. 
Thev have a peculiar, sw-eet taste. 



After a month the} sa}- we ma}- eat 
them. Many of the streams have dried 
up during the drv season, but now it 
rains two or three limes a day and 
everything is wn ; the grass is up to 
one's waist, and wnuld make fine hay, I 
shoulcl think. Wiii-n it rains, it comes 
down in bucketful^, and as w-e have to 
go one and a half miles for water we 
spread rubber blankets to catch it. The 
birds here are good singers, and there 
are a great many of them : mocking- 
birds, kingbirds, l)lackbirds, catljirds, 
([uails, doves and guinea hens, the lat- 
ter running wild. I took off my clothes 
and went out in the rain yesterday ; the 
rain was cold and lasted (|uite a while. 
We wear brown canvas suits, and this 
morning the boys have been turning up 
their coats to make pockets. Envel- 
opes are as scarce as hens' teeth; also 
paper and stamps, but we do not need 
stamps, as we can send our letters 
without them. 

"The native villages are very pretty. 
The houses are made of bamboo si)lit 
sticks, about two inches in diameter, 
and have thatched roofs made of palm 
branches. The fences are six feet high, 
from the same kind of sticks set close 
together. Household furniture is very 
scarce, with the roughest kind of im- 
plements, such as a log set on end, wnth 
a hollow in it, and a large wooden stick 
to pound coffee, etc. We find two 
classes of people, tine 'niggers' and the 
Cubans. All speak Spanish, and the 
men are nearly all .soldiers. Every 
person carries around a knife about 
eighteen inches long. 

"Inst in froi-n Cossack guard. 
When we have this duty, in- 
stead of walking our ])osts we just sit 
down under a tree or behind 
some object that will hide us and so 
watch the mo\'«ments of the enemy. I 
had a fine post last night. The moon 
was full and it was as light as day. I 
was (in a mountain and could see for 
miles around. In the fields were grow- 
ing banana and plantain trees, and I 
could see fields of tall corn and horses 
grazing around. Four of the horses 
were white, and when I saw them 
I thouorht thev were men. and 



122 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



it didn't take nie long to skip back to 
the corporal of the guard and tell him 
that I had seen some men. He told me 
that he had been watcli'ing the horses 
for some time. 

"In cooking we use a tin cup. which 
holds a quart, two pans that shut up 
together, one having a handle which 
folds over the other, one spoon, onie 
knife, one fork ; the plate is 6x8. Last 
night I bought a knife, such as the 
Cubans use. It is very old and has a 
bone handle, also a leather shield or 
case for it. It will be a souvenir to take 
home from here. I might take one of 
these Culian 'nigger' kids that run 



is not hotter than some of the nearer 
Southern states in summer. Sands 
wants me to run a farm here with him 
when the war is over; says there would 
be lots of money in it, and I guess he is 
right, everything grows so rapidly. It 
is funny to hear the boys talk about 
home, what they would eat were they 
there, and how soon they would go to 
work. One boy says, 'I wish I had a 
piece of strawberry shortcake ;' the 
most of them, however, wish for oat- 
meal, beefsteak and something sub- 
stantial. Almost all of the Cubans go 
liarefooted. I don't see how they can, 
for the greater part of the trees have 




.Surgeon G 
Tent a 



TEs AND W. H. Butler at Dowse's 
He is Dying, His Tentmate. 
{'oi.rurn. at the i.eft. 



around here naked. It seems such a 
pitv to sec the fine houses in ruins all 
over the country. They are made of 
fine brick, with tiled floors, most of 
them of one story; none of them ex- 
ceed two stories. liarl>ed wire every- 
where. ( >m' can hardly go loo yards 
without running up against a fence. 
\\1iiether tlu' Spaniards put it up to 
trouble us, or it has been use<l by the 
C'ubans, 1 don't know, but the United 
States knew what it was about when it 
furnished each company with wire clip- 
pers, and they have not been idle. 

"Looking toward Santiago, Kincaid 
cotmted fifteen .Spanish liouses with 
Red Cross thiijs on them. The weather 



thorns, and every jirick means a sore. 
Lieutenant Warren is on the (ieneral's 
staft"; the Captain is absent, sick, hence 
Lieutenant King is in command. Last 
nigiit the mail came and George Far- 
row received thirteen letters. Yester- 
day the Cubans captured three cows 
and five horses, and in the afternoon 
they killed onie of the cows. I went 
over and managed to tjet a piece of the 
lights and bone, which I stewed this 
morning, and so we had a good soup. 

"Getting H.>0 and cooking grub take 
tile most of the time. The boys can eat 
constantlv if there is anything to eat, 
and if there isn't they sit around and 
wait for it to come their way. .All of 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



12:5 



the rations conio by pack trains of 
about twenty-five mules. The leader 
wears a bell and there are three drivers 
mounted on other mules with whips to 
keep them .croing. Gus, the German 
cook, has a small mule. It belonged to 
a Cuban major, and th!is morning we 
saw three mien looking for him, so we 
took him oiif and hid him. They have 
moved, hence I think he is safe. I 
took him down with fifty-four canteens 
for water this morning." 

Aiient this mule, Lieutenant King 
says the Company held on to him till 
the "Wellington Coon" got his eyes on 
him, and then he disappeared. "The 
mule," he writes, "there was no such 
good luck in the case of the coon." 
There was a general complaint at the 
filthy condition of the entire locaWty 
where either Cubans or Spaniards had 
encamped. The art of properly laying 
out camps with sinks, etc., apparently 
had never been learned bv them. 




Capt. c. a. w, 



An\ thing good pertaining tci a nieni- 
ber of the Light Infantry, ])ast or i)res- 
ent, 'is in place in this narrative, and in 
this connection it is fitting to mention 
Cai)t. Carl A. Wagner of the 33d Mich- 
igan, who had served his novitiate in 
the old Worcester company. He had 
-enlisted in the Infantry March 21, 1882. 
then, as now, in the 2d Regiment: was 
promoted Corporal Jan. 21, 1884, and 
was discharged March 21, 1885, by 
reason of expiration of term of service. 
As a Light Infantryman he made a dil- 
•igent study of rifle practice, won the 
second prize in 1883, and was on the 
company team which went to Framing- 
ham in '83 and '84. On .going to ^lich- 
igan he again entered the militia, 
where his devotion to rifle practice 
soon made him instructor and inspector 
in that branch nearly all of the inter- 
vening years. \Mien the call for vol- 
unteers came in .-Vpril. 1898. he was 
Second Lieutenant of hiscompany inthe 
city of Port Huron, and, with his com- 
pany, went to the rendezvous camp 
April 26. The ^lichigan Division. Sons 
of Veterans, U. S. A., tendered their 
services to the extent of a regiment to 
the Governor of the State, but only two 
companies could be accepted. He was 
commissiioned May 19 Captain of the 
first of these companies to be mustered 
into service. It was known as Com- 
pany L, 33d ;Mich. Vol. Infantry. The 
regiment left the State May 28. and ar- 
rived at Camp Alger. \'a.. two days 
later. The 33d and 34th Michigan 
regiments were brigaded with the i|th 
Mass., under the command of Briga- 
dier-general Duffield of Michigan. 
This brigade left for Cuba June 23. On 
the first' day of July, while the Second 
]\Iass. Regiment was at El Caney. the 
33d IMichigan was ordered to Aguado- 
res to make a demonstration against 
the enemy at that point and to engage 
him, thus preventing his going to the 
assistance of Santiago. In the engage- 
ment two men of Captain ^^'ag- 
ner's company were killed and three 
wounded 

After the surrender the Captain met 
some of his old Worcester friends in 
the Second, among them Lieutenant- 



124 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



colonel Shumway, who was Captain of 
the City Guards in 1882. His visit to 
the later "boys" of his old home was a 
pleasure to him as well as to those 
whom he met, every one of whom was 
proud of the record the erstwhile Wor- 
cester boy had made along with his 
comrades from the Badger State. The 
early trairiing in the Heart of the Com- 
monwealth evidently had borne excel- 
lent fruit. 

Nothing gives a truer picture of 
army life than the letters wriitten home 
by participants. They are frank, 
outspoken recitals of just what the 
soldier sees and thinks. The fol- 



them an intimation of what we can do 
when our Irish is up, but they never re- 
turned a shot which amounted to an}'- 
thing. Tlien another truce went on, and 
is still on. We are right in the city, i. e., 
about 150 yards from their buildings, 
and we are intrenching to beat the band. 
\Ve shall have a great gang for the high- 
way department when we get back. 

"This business wouldn't be so bad 
were it not for the rain. We get soaked 
everv day, the climate is pretty good, 
and the scenery is pretty fair, when we 
have a chance to look at it. We are 
getting a bit more to eat now, but we 
could dispose of more ; to-day, each man 




lowing from a Worcester boy in the 
I,ight Infantry must have given 
his mother a deal of comfort, for 
it seeks to tell her only the liest 
items possible. He might have un- 
folded a tale which wmild have 
stirred that mother's heart, l)Ut e\en in 
Cuba, surrounded by sickness and 
danger, he sees, apparently, only the 
bright side. Our armies have e\er been 
fidl of just such boys : 

"150 Yards From Spanish Tickets, 
Santiago, July 1,^, i8y8. 

"Oh, this reminds me of hi )ine, it's so 
different! — sitting in the mud, trying to 
write, a tomato can for a desk, and ants 
crawling up and down my back and face. 

"Well, we have done nothing for the 
past ten days but move around from 
])lace to ])lace, and build earthworks. 
We had tln-ee days' truce last week, but 
opened up on the Spanks from our 
.stronghold on Sunday afternoon. Cave 



got one small potato and half of an 
onion, the lirst fruit that we have had. 
We ha\e had only two mails since we 
got here, and old}' tweKe miles from 
where they arrive. What do you thiid< 
of that? This war is twenty years lie- 
hind the times. 

"We have liy far the most pleasant 
camp ground of the whole tri]), except 
in case the shooting begins, it will be 
prettv warm. It is the most exposed po- 
sition that we have had. These Cubans 
are a noor sort of a race: don't amount 
to much. 

"What do \t)u think of luy stationery? 
PaixM- is worth about a dollar a sheet 
and is awfully scarce. Did my tailor- 
ing yesterday. Took in the seat of my 
lilue jeans about eight inches and now I 
can't stooji. I must have lost a pound 
or two. . . . The band is playing 
'The Star-s])angled T.anner.' That's 
our doxoloo\-. Kverv man uncovers. 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



125 



That's wliat inspires men In do l)ra\e 
deeds." 

"At Santiago. July 15, 1898. 
"Dear Everybody: 

"Hurrah, hurrah, liurrah ! Have 
you heard the news? Santiag-o and 
20,000 troops surrendered. Just think 
of it !, No more fighting, for a while 
at least. No doubt you arc as much 
relieved as we are. Well, yesterday 
we crawled into our trenches, expect- 
ing; a long siege. We had worked hard 
and had made preparations for a pro- 
longed encampment, in a hole in the 



111" tiiniatoes. A strong guard is posted 
all around our camj), not in fear of the 
Spaniards, but to keep our enthusiasm 
where it can be looketl after. Can't 
write any more, am too happy! Aren't 
you h.-ippy. too?" 

The formal surrender of Santiago has 
had many descriptions, but this written 
by one of the Company, Henry C. 
(ireene, who was an orderly on Gen- 
eral Ludlow's staiif, has never been 
in print, and is jirescnted as an ex- 
pression of a private's notions of this 
historic event : 




, Humes. Bejl'ne, Hale, Drurv, Dowse 
AT LAKELAND. 



ground. ^^> sat there for about four 
hours watching the rainwater crawl- 
ing up our legs, for it rained all the 
afternoon, as usual. About four 
o'clock the sun came out and we 
crawled out of our pits and looked 
around to see why the shooting had 
not begun. Just then a mighty cheer 
rang out from somewhere up the line, 
and then we began to have suspicions. 
Just then a mounted orderly bounded 
into our line and shouted that Santiago 
with 20,000 men had surrendered. Just 
imagine the scene ! They wouldn't let 
us cheer, for some unaccountable rea- 
son, probably for fear the Spanks would 
get mad and change their minds. 

"Everybody was crazy last night. 
We celebrated by eating a whole can 



"New America. Sunday, Julv 17. 
"Dear People : 

"I ha\-e just attended the surrender 
of Santiago. I was one of about 150 or 
less Americans to see the ccremonv. 
Only the generals and staff with or- 
derlies saw 'wot was did.' I was one of 
the orderlies that went with General 
Ludlow. Down in the valley, about 
half way between Santiago and the 
American forces, all this happened. 

"The American officers lined up 
on one side, major-generals in the 
front row, brigadier-generals second, 
colonels next, etc., all mounted. 
The orderlies were in the rear, but as 
there were but few officers, I saw 
everything. Of course 1 don't know 



120 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



what was said, Init thure was a com- 
pany of Spanish infantry lined up, and 
they presented arms. Then Shafter and 
the Spanish commander seemed to talk 
it over a little, and there was a gen- 
eral handshaking among the higher 
officers, and introductions. Then the 
Spanish infantry marched to the city, 
the officers, Sjjanish and American offi- 
cers, following. After them came two 



enjoyed themselves with Si)anishwine 
inside the building. While the band 
was playing, a woman, smoking the 
butt of a black cigar, wrung her hands 
and shouted, 'Viva, viva.' . . . Ynu 
should have seen the defenses around 
the city. As we came in there was 
barbed wire galore running in all di- 
rections. Back of the wire were the 
trenches, and in front of some were 




regiments, ihe ()th and the 13th In- 
fantry, with llu- band. W'c all went to 
tlie city, getting in al)out 11.15, and the 
flag went up above the Governor's 
palace when the cathedral clock struck 
twelve. .Ml soldiers stood at 'present 
arms,' and the band played 'The Star- 
spangled Uanner.' and 'The Stars and 
Stripes Forever,' by Sousa. Then every 
one ga\'e three cheers. A\niile we 
waited for twelve o'clock, the officers 



ditches filled with water. The Spanish 
wear canvas shoes with leathern straps 
on the toes like some tennis shoes ; cot- 
ton coats and pants, having very nar- 
now blue and white stripes; blue straw 
hats. E\-erybody, Spaniards, Cubans 
and all, seemed happy. While in the 
cit}', the jjcople were generous of 
cigars, cigarettes, and all the wine the 

boys couid drink. Tell Air. that I 

have a large black cigar f(jr luni, but as 



LIOIIT IXFAXTRV, COMl'AW C. 



I am afraid it miiilit mai<c him dizzv, I 
will g-ive it to Tom. the cook, and see 
what he will give me for supper. From 
the camp we can see the vessels 
coming- into the harbor, and the band 
at my left is playing 'Yale.' having just 
finished "Home. Sweet Home.' " 

Following- the surrender there was 
much visiting of Santiago, and a volume 
of experiences and observations might 
be compiled, but few of them haveanv 
special bearing on the war and its con- 
sequences. The terrible destitution of 
the majority of the people was a sub- 
ject of general remark, and Cuban 
habits and customs were a never fail- 
ing source of astonishment. Naked 
children running about in search of 
food had a queer look to Yankee eyes, 
and long lines of hungry citizens wait- 
ing their turn at the pulilic distribution 
were not a pleasant sight to men 
reared in a land of plenty, but thev 
themselves in these recent weeks ha^i 
not been unknowing to the pangs of 
hunger. There were few nooks and 
crannies of the quaint old Spanish city 
that these Massachusetts boys, witii 
all of the curiosity proverbialh 
ascribed to them, did not see. 



^>»-^: ^ mm 




-\o s(X)ner had the surrender taken 
place than the men began to speculate 
on the prospects .,| .-m earlv return to 
the contmenl. The\- were not soldiers 
l)y trade, they preferred the occupa- 
tions of peace, and no one could see 
why they were not sent home at once • 
forgetting that so manv thousands' 
could not be moved immediately. Ma- 
laria was getting in its deadlv' work, 
the commissariat had ne\-er been any 
too good, and the conveniences of camp 
life were of a wdiolly negati\e charac- 
ter. Hungry and discontented, there 
were long letters of complaints sent to 
friends at home, wdiere there was a 
kindred sentiment that the govern- 
ment should exert itself to put an end 
to the prolonged suffering- in Cuba. 
The Rev. L. M. I'owers, a Somcrville 
clergyman, wTote as follows of his ob- 
servations in and about the lately be- 
leaguered city: "T arrived in San'tiago 
the day after the surrender. It is diffi- 
cult for a Xew Englander to imagine 
the indescribable filth of that city and 
its inhabitants. My first effort was to 
.get to the 2d Massachusetts volun- 
teers. Fortunately for me. but un- 
fortunately for them, their camp was 
the one nearest the city, about a mile 
and a half from the city limits. In try- 
ing to find them I got lost in the dcn.se 
undergrowth, and wandered about ior 
three hours in the Cuban mid-davsun, 
which melts, wilts, boils your blood, 
and leaves you with quivering muscles, 
unwilling to act. The appearance of 
the _'d Massachusetts was a shocking 
revelation. Men and officers had been 
for thirty days w-ithout a change of 
chnhiiig. without tents, and without 
lilankets. .Most of the time they had 
had only hard i)read and bacon to eat, 
and only a tomato can to cook in. 
Nearly all of ihen-i had lost from twenty 
to thirty pounds in weight. The con- 
dition of the sick was what stirred me 
most. Xearly 200 were on the sick list, 
those unable to sit up lying on the 
ground without adecpiate care. Of the 
doctors one \yas away at the division 
hospital, one (Dr. 'Hitchcock) was 
very sick, and the other was without 
medicine and apparently discouraged 
beyond hope. The sick' had no food 



128 



WORCESTER IX THE SPAXISH WAR. 



different from the well. I went back 
to the city, hired a donkey, got a hag 
of meal from the Red Cross people and 
whatever else they couhl sjiare, 
Ijought about twent\ drillars' worth of 
jellies, wines and delicacies myself, 
and took them out to camp." 

This clergyman was a veritable good 
Samaritan, and his well-expressed 
opinions of the regiment each and 
every one fully reciprocated. Towards 
the end of the nK)nth, owing to im- 
proved rations and the buoyant quali- 
ties of hope, the conditions of the in- 
fantry were possibly somewhat im- 
proved; at any rate Lieutenant King 
writes to this effect on the 29th of July, 



of cocoa, condensed milk and breakfast 
food on board the Knickerbocker, and, 
as soon as he could get it from the boat, 
he used it in helping out the sick, and 
it was of great service. There was 
also a private medicine kit with which 
the Company had been provided. This 
outfit was largely the result of the 
thoughtfulness of Lieut. W. F. Gil- 
man, and it was carried upon the field 
strap])ed upiin the back of one of the 
men. Lieutenant King had no doubt 
that this was the means of saving the 
li\es of a number of men. 

Uur Lieutenant also states he was 
the first line officer to enter Santiago, 
going thence aboard the Knickerbocker 







staling that the list of the sick is less- 
t'ning and the men are improving. Only 
tliree men were then in the hospital, 
and <ine of ihem was expected out that 
verv afterncMin. "Sergeant Barton 
hel]>ed us wonderfully yesterday by 
going and interviewing his aunt, Clara 
r.arton, and returning with malted 
milk, oats and condensed milk enoug'.i 
to feed our sickest men for a week or 
more." (The Lieutenant was in error 
as to the degree of kinship between 
the .Sergeant and the great philanthro- 
])ist.) The officer had a jjrivate slock 



and thus securing a number of things 
which contributed to the comfort of his 
men, and he detalils soniewliat the items 
of rations already referred to in the 
diaries of his enlisted followers. 

< )n this same date a private, writing 
hiinie, says: "You remember, perhaps, 
liDW 1 wrote last winter to a number of 
Ijlaces for a summer job. I got it and 
I don't seem to be able to shake it." 
Describing a sick comrade he says: "I 
helped him down to the brook and 
washed him to-day. I thought I never 
should get him Ijack to camp, he was so 



LIGHT IXFAXTRV. COMPANY C. 



129 



weak. It is awful to see men waste 
away as the men are here — mere skin 
and bones, and not strength enoutjli to 
walk alone. I shall go on guard to- 
night, and though a detail of onl\- nine 
men is pusted, it is difficult to find nine 
in the regiment strong enough to carry 
a gun. V\'e e.xpect to be paid off soon, 
also to get some new clothes. This 
will be a Godsend, as our clothes are 
mostly filthy rags." 

P>iends at home will never know 
how much their letters diil towards 



o\-er to the regimental hea<l(|uarters, 
about loo yards, where i was seated 
luider a tree, and when he reached me 
he fell over dazed and talked wildly for 
a whik-, but he c;iiiie tii himself soon. 
• . • ■ Sci many gi\e u]) when they 
go to the hospital, just lose heart and 
give up. Wood is so scarce and the 
water so far to fetch. 1 prefer eating 
I inly once a day .-iliMut half a cup of 
boiled rice, which I lia\e tn bu\-,as the 
government dues not supply it. In lieu 
I if better means sdine of the men are 




keeping their boys alive during those 
tedious days of waiting in fever-haunted 
Cuba. Xo matter when the mail- 
pouches came they were opened at 
once and their contents read ere any- 
thing else was done, and hope, blessed, 
eternal hope, kept the bodies going till 
relief came at last. Says one writer, 
"We go to bed at dark and get up as 
soon as it is light. All of our cooking 
must be done before seven o'clock, for 
it is so hot from that time till it rains 
about noon, that the men cannot stand 
the sun : the humid heat here is so dif- 
ferent from the dr}- heat of the States. 
(Jne of the bovs walked from his tent 



carrying water in bamboo tubes aliout 
six feet long, whence they have 
pimched all the pith except from the 
last ioint. They do very well."' 

"It is now 5.30: we have had roll-call, 
and it is cool, so I will write a little. 
The guinea hens are cackling over in 
the woods. All around us, in the dif- 
ferent camps, I can hear the reveille 
turning out the men for another long 
day. The sim is just rising over the 
hill, and I suppose it will be a scorch- 
er." The foregoing was for August 10, 
and for the next day or two the same 
scribe may as well tell the story, for he 
was ever taking notes : 



130 



WORCESTER IN THE SrANISH WAR. 



"Bert Kincaid was S'oinS" t*^ the hos- 
pital to help to-night, Init he was sud- 
denly taken with a chill, so I am g;oing 
tci take his jjlaee. It is so hard to find 
a well man to do any duty now. I had 
a thousand times rather feel the way I 
do than to be so sick that I must go to 
the hospital and lie on the ground, for 
the hospital is only a shed with a dirt 

fliior Last night and to-day 

1 have been working at the hospital, 
^'ou kn(jw what a liig. strong fellow 
Harry Wentworth was; well, he is all 
wasted away, and it is a question of 
only a few (ia}'s as to how long he will 
live. When we were paid off. Lieuten- 
ant King took his money and sent it to 
him bv me. but he seemed to know his 
condition, for he said. 'What can I dc) 
with this?" Take it back to Lieutenant 
and tell him to keep it for me." 

■■.Vbout three o'clock this afternoon 
a man came into the hospital dressed 
in citizen's clothes, and asked if this 
was brigade hospital. We told him it 
was the regimental hospital. Then he 
wanted to know where C Company of 
the 2d Massachusetts was. Fred. May- 
nard wa^ the first to recognize him. 
and >aiil, ' Un't this Mr. Uartlettr' Sure 
enough, he was Lyman Lartlett's 
father. I told him 1 would go to the 
regiment with him. It was not long 
before L_\ man and his father were 
liugging anil kissing each other. 

"The lio\s said that we were to start 
f(jr home to-morrow, and only theones 
who were slrong enough to walk o\-er 
to the regimental headc|uarters cnuM 
go. so evi-ry man who could standalone 
was ready to go over and ])ass in front 
of the surgeon. 1 bellied deorge Stel)- 
bins lialf wa\ o\er and then he said he 
could go alone the rest of the way. The 
news of going home ami of seeingthe 
meeting of l,yni;in .and his father broke 
me all up, and I ha\e bec'U crying for 
joy. W lu-n I got b;uk to the hospital 
and told (.ilnian and .\laynard that we 
were going home io-niorro\\ . although 
they iiad been sick, they got u]) and 
walked 300 yards to the t'ompaii}'. .Mr. 
I'.artlett has come down with some 
fcjod for u>. litU now we wiui't need it." 



HoMi:wARn Bouxn. 

Sluggish indeed must be the blood 
that does not quicken at the thought of 
going home. This it was that saved 
the lives of many of the Infantry boys. 
The sea air, inspiring as it was, did no 
more for these fever-stricken men than 
the certaintv that at the voyage's end 
there were home and tnother. Let the 
bovs themselves, in their own words, 
continue the narrative : 

"(Jn a cattle steamer, the Mobile, 
now and we have started for home. It 
hardlv seetns true, more like a dream. 
The tnorning of the 12th of August was 
full of excitement, for we were to go 
home, but not all of us, for some of the 
fellows were yellow-fever suspects. 
Arthur Wintersgill was one of them. I 
was so sorry for him : seems to me if I 
had been kept on the Island after the 
Company left, I should have given up. 
Before we left the camp we were or- 
dered to destroy all the clothing, tents, 
haversacks and annnunition in our 
piissession. So the trenches that we 
dug to save us from the Spanish bullets 
we used to bury our old clothes in. The 
most of our men were brought to the 
lioat in old army wagons, though the 
distance was iKit great, the men being 
so weak. Xo very sick men were sup- 
])<ised to go on board. The whole bri- 
gade of three regiments is on board." 

Cam]) was liroken at about 2 p.m. on 
.\ugust 12th. and a small part of the 
Company marched to the landing in 
Santiago Harbor. Xo quarters were 
assigned that night: there was a heavy 
rain, making everybody miserable. On 
the T^th the Company was located be- 
tweeii decks in the fore part of the ves- 
sel with none too much room, the men 
being taken out to the transport in 
lighters, 'i'lie ilistilled water furnished 
is iiM-d ^o rapidl\- that it hardly has 
time to get cool. At first ice-water was 
had bv the men. but the results were 
such as to warrant its interdict. ( )n 
the 14th came the death of Sergeant 
llarrv Wentworth. and his body was 
comn'iitted to the deep, a sorry ending 
to a life that had promised so much. 

( )ther men are ill and in the heispital ; 
some are out of their heails, and their 



I.ICHT IXFAXTRV, COMPAXY C. 



131 



perfornianct's would he funn\- wrrr 
they not so sad. At nine p.m. of 
the i8th. the Mobile arrived off ^fon- 
tank and ancliored. Possibly some of 
the Company had heard of this east- 
ernmost extremity of Longf Island 
before this trip was nndertaken. but 
not many. Their knowledge of ge- 
ographv was increasing at a rapid rate. 
Within an hour of her dropping anchor 
friends from home were trying their 
best to get into communication with 
the 2d Regiment, a special schooner 
having made the trip from shore, and 
the editor of the \\'orcester Gazette 
was conversing with Halleck Bartlett. 
the devoted citizen who had come back 
with his son and the latter's Company. 
The editor also hailed Lieut. -colonel 
Shumway and Major Fairbanks, but a 
long interview was prevented by the 
arrival of a government gunboat, which 
ordered the smaller craft away, the lat- 




ter ha\iug evaded the (|uarantine re- 
strictions under the guise of a fishing- 
boat. Still the meeting was sufficient 
to warrant many an inspiriting message 
to the home city of the Worcester I)oys. 

After the landing, the morning of the 
19th, came detention camp, about one 
mile away, lest these returning lads 
should bring and spread contagion, and 
there thev were held till the morning 
of the 22d. Only nine Company C men 
could make this distance afoot. Mean- 
while, the patriotic efforts of Worces- 
ter people to alleviate the pain and 
suft'ering of their soldier boys were 
bearing fruit. Though only a small 
])art of the generous contributions 
could be transferred to the Moliile 
liefore her departure from Santiago, the 
remainder was not lost, for it was 
jiassed on to the members of the 9th, 
which did not come away so soon, and 
in the 9th were the Emmet Guards, 
another company of Worcester boj's. 

The new location of the regiment was 
very cold compared with the climate of 
Cuba, and many took colds, which long 
served to reniiind them of their arrival 
in "the States." Khaki uniforms, where 
possible, gave place to good old Union 
blue. Even before the landing Sergeant 
Hill, who had been left liehind in Flor- 
ida, made his appearance, and soon 
afterwards Captain Allen, who in his 
home had rallied from the rheumatism 
which had incapacitated him after El 
Caney, reported also, both men in such 
phvsical condition that they seemed to 
be veritable giants to their debilitated 
comrades. Lieutenant King was com- 
pletelv used up. and the command of 
the ComiJany iiad devolved on Sergeant 
Longlev till he, too, had to give up, 
and the landing was eft'ected under the 
direction of Sergeant Fletcher. 

The Worcester friends of the Com- 
])anv were not long in putting in an 
appearance, and just as .soon as they 
were permitted to enter the camp the 
boys were grasping the hands of Cap- 
tain Rider, Lieutenants Clark and Gil- 
man, .\. .v. Rheutan. Julius Zaeder. 
and others who were anxious to do all 
in their power to add to the comfort 
of the men. 



132 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



Says one of the happy sohUers: 
"Surelv the people have not forgotten 
us. since we have all we want to eat. 
Food conies to the cani|i in earth lails. 
and every man has a cup i<i milk each 
(la\'. To-clay. when some of the l)oys 
were sitting in front of their tents, (ien- 
eral Allies and Secretary Alger passed 
through the street. .Ml <>f the men 
arose to their feet and came to atten- 
tion as the\' went ahmg, hut ' iage wa> 
so weak he fell hack again. Secretary 
Alger asked if many were in that cm- 
dition, and I think it means that we are 
to leave here soon." 



committee, and went to work. They 
were Cajit. V. L. Rider. Lieut. \\". F. 
( lilnian. Julius C. Zaeder and .\. A. 
Rheulan. The introduction of the sub- 
ject to the public was in the sha|)e of a 
l(jcal item in the Gazette of August 22d. 
( )n the 23d the work of receiving con- 
tributions began, and there were busy 
times in Captain Rider's store for a 
while, since the proposition had struck 
a responsive chord. .\n Elm Street 
ladv was the first contributDr, and she 
called to leave ten dollars. The largest 
gift was one of $100 from James Logan. 
There were two of fifty dollars each. 




W'okcKsii'.K Hki.i'S the Recti. .\i(s. 

W hile Worcester and the public gen- 
erally were taking care i>f the \-Mlun- 
teer, no one appeared tn remember th.' 
regular army soldier, though n]ion him 
had come the brunt of the ser\ ice. lie 
was from every where, and no one cmu- 
numity ivll that any one regiment was 
its partii'ular ])rotege. Hence, when in 
the presence of se\-eral re])orters, ( iene- 
ral ^'oung said to ex-Lieut. ( low Haile. 
"In all this generous gi\ing no one has 
;in\liiing for the regular, though he 
went through the hardest of tlu' strife," 
it occiHTed to certain Worcester ]jeople 
that very likely their city might take an 
interest in helping the regulars. They 
came home, constituted themselves a 



liut the Contributions came in smaller 
sums generally. H. D. Perky, in addi- 
tion to a generous amoiuit in cash, con- 
tributed a large ipiantity of the prod- 
ucts of his factory, and liesides sent 
down an exi>ert cook to aid in sharp- 
ening the l)oys' appetites. 

In all there was raised the sum of 
$1207.1/). The ])urchases were made at 
once, necessities and luxuries expressed 
in a special car to Xew London, and on 
the 25th of .\ugust the steamer Man- 
liansett. loaded with Worcester's giv- 
ing, was seeking the privilege of un- 
loading at Alontauk. .\s usual, there 
intervened the obstacle of red tape. 
Fortunately, the committee had forti- 
fied themseh-es with the ju-esence of 
Major F. T. Raymond and Senator 



LIGHT IXFAXTR'i'. COMPAX'i' C. 



133 



Geo. F. Hoar, tlie former an old soldier 
of the Rebellion and used to military 
delays: the latter oneof the most influ- 
ential men in the nation. .\ combina- 
tion was thus made that the obstruc- 
ti(inists found e-\ceedingl_\' hard to l)eat. 
.\ carriage was borrowed from a Mrs. 
Trumbull of the Xew York \'olunteer 
Aid Association, and then ensued a wild 
chase after the officers in authority who 
could and would break through the cor- 
don of martinets who, though inwardly 
desiring the offering, could see no offi- 
cial way of letting it in. At last General 
Wheeler, who was in command, was 
found at lunch, and with him the man 
of all others most needed at the mo- 
ment, the Secretary of \\'ar, R. A. Al- 



(ibtain from the dock authorities what 
had been denied him before. He wanted 
fiye wagons, and he got them, one for 
each regular organization. \'ery little 
time was occupied in loading them, 
and then with Julius Zaeder, .\. .\. 
Rheutan, Lieutenant (lilman. Lieuten- 
ant C. F. Bigelow and George Hub- 
bard as driyers, the cayalcade set forth, 
carrying comfort to hundreds of suf- 
fering men. Grateful letters from 
officers in these regiments tell how 
thoroughly appreciated were the ef- 
forts of A\'orcester in their behalf. 

The gentlemen directly concerned 
and the generous giyers neyer did a 
better act than vyhen they thus l)e- 
friended the boys whose interests, in 



■^ 



-^C<z:,^-C''n^c^^^-^Les:Z^ 







<=^ c^ ^ 






iV 



(T^i 



ger. The latter, as soon as he ascer- 
tained the wishes of the ^^'orcester 
gentlemen, wrote upon two yisiting 
cards (see cut aboye), and they were 
the "open sesame" admitting the sup- 
plies which did so much to tone u]i the 
regular soldiers, whose welfare had 
been carelessly neglected. 

At the same time General Wheeler 
telephoned a command to admit, while 
Captain Rider, thoroughly coyered 
with Long Island mud, raced back with 
his precious order. He could now 



tiie general deyotii)n to particular reg- 
iments, had been oyerlooked. .Ml of 
the money contributed was e.xjjended 
as directed, saye S148.56, which, at 
first, was turned over to the fund for 
bringing liack the bodies of those who 
had died in Cul)a, but when the nation 
took hold of that matter, the residue 
was giyen to the local X'olunteer Aid 
.\ssociation. 



The stay of the jd Regiment at 
Montauk was brief, yet to man\- an 
anxious heart it was all too long, for 



134 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




LIGHT INFANTRY, COMr.WY 



135 



few could forjiX't that home was only a 
few hours' ride away, and the people 
there were just as desirous of receiving 
as the soldiers were of going. There 
w^ere two or three days of rumors and 
expectations, and then on the 27th the 
ileiiarturc for New London actuall}' 
came. The round dozen of Company C 
men who marched down to the landing 
to go ahoard the Block Island did not 
constitute any part of the triumphal 
procession, vet every heart was beating 
more raoidly at the thought of "Home. 
Sweet Home.'" The ride across Long 
Island Sound is a lirief one. and at 11 
a.m.. amid steamer whistles and the 
cheers of thousands of onlookers, the 
dock is reached and another stage on 
the homeward route is passed. There 
are Worcester friends among the peo- 
ple, and Colonel Wellington and Mayor 
Dodge are conspicuous in the throng. 
Here, too, is ex-Lieutenant Gov. Haile 
from Springfield, who has run down 
from his summer home at ^^'atch Hill 
just to take the hands of the soldiers. 

There was to be no prolonged stay in 
the Connecticut city, and soon, com- 
fortably placed on a north-bound train, 
the 2d was speeding toward the Hay 
State. Had every man been able to 
eat all that was provided for him, 
there had been displays of gastronomic 
powers unec|naled before. Every one 
had the idea that all the bovs were 
hungrv, a notinn not far from the truth, 
and acted accordingly. However, there 
is an end to all things, and even a 
famine has its limits. By the combined 
efforts of Connecticut and Massachu- 
setts, our boys reached their respective 
cities and towns in a fairly well-filled 
condition. Before reaching Palmer, 
Governor Wolcott and others were 
greeting the returning brave, and at 
the latter place the comrades of four 
months' campaigning separated, only 
the Worcester and Gardner companies 
continuing to the east. 

It is four o'clock in the afternoon 
when the goal of their hearts' desire is 
reached, and the great Union Depot 
swallows up the special train. Appar- 
ently every one in the city who had the 
least affiliation with the soldiers was in 



the station, or as near it as he could get. 
They were there to receive their boys 
with open arms and with the loudest 
acclaim, but the siglit of the homeward- 
bound lads, so w(irn and wasted, so wan 
and feeble, killed the shouts ere they 
were uttered, l)Ut ihe bo\ s got greet- 
ings they most desired, those from the 
hands and hearts of lo\-ed ones wdio had 
not ceased to lament their absence a 
single day of all the Cuban separation. 

The band was there, and the day was 
all that the most exacting could ask, 
and, either afoot or in carriages, the 
soldiers made their way to the .\rniory. 
Through streets thronged to their ut- 
termost, imder banners proudly wav- 
ing, "Johnny came marching home 
again :" l:)Ut the ranks were thin, and 
the lads in hospital or, worse than that, 
in their grax'es, were not forg(itteu. 
There were some who viewed tlie re- 
turn through eyes that were dim with 
tears for the soldier who was sleeping 
his dreamless, silent sleep in a far-away 
island. Just thirty-one men of C Com- 
pany came home that day. The others 
were in hospital in .\merica or Cuba, or 
for some other reason had been left 
behind. Those wdio had a part in this 
da\'s honors were Captain F. L. .Allen, 
Sergeants Hill, Fletcher and Barton, 
Corporals Colburn and Eldridge, Musi- 
cian A. F. Wheeler, Artificer E. A. 
Stearns, Wagoner F. I>. Maynard, Cook 
A. G. Biersdorf. and Privates Bartlett, 
Bradley, Briggs, W. H. Butler, Clark- 
son, Grossman, Dean. Dennis, Drury. 
Farrow, Flynn, Gage, E. J. Martin, 
Merrifield, Pope, Prince, Rix, Roberts, 
Tavlor, Tucker and Zaeder. 

Private Roberts was taken to the 
hospital directly from the station, 
dying one week later. Bradley and 
]\Iartin took their last march together, 
maintaining to the end the reputation 
of the 'T'.radley-Martin" combination. 

The leave-takings are brief at the 
Armorv. and then come the home 
scenes, with which the public has no 
part : in man)- cases weeks of prolonged 
illness, covering much of the furlough 
of sixtv days, at whose end. Xovember 
3d, there was a final gathering in 
Springfield, and tlischarges w'ere 



136 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



granted vvliich merged the soldier again Liglit Infantry volunteer of 1898 
into the citizen. \\'hether for better or lapsed into the ranks of those who pur- 
worse, the cani])aign was ended and the sued the routine of every-day living. 



THE DEAD IN C(:):M1'AXV C. 



r-'re<l I'.aldwin Taft. a recruit win.) 
came intii the C'umpany fi'ir the war, 
was the first to go, dying in Culia, Jul}' 
14. Having been in the regular army 
and a sergeant, his comrades thought 
him disease and Inillet-proof, hut the 
Cuban situation over-ruled all calcula- 
tions. He was born in Charlton 
twenty-five years before, was married, 
and was in the Eire De])artment when 
he enlisted. His Ijody. on its return 
from Cuba, was buried in Charlton. 
He died with his head on Knibbs' knee. 

James W'oodbur}- Wheeler died .\ug. 
2d in Cuba. He was thirty-two years 
old, a nati\e of Weymouth, and had 
been in the C'umpany in earlier years. 
He was in the insurance bu^^iness, was 
married, and, standing nearly six feet 
in height, he was a good soldier and 
his comrades say, '"a faultless man." 
His body rests in Eynn. 

Silas L Mayo died -Aug. 7 in Cuba. 
Private .Mayn hail been in the Company 
al)(.)ut fdur }ears. lly occupation he 
was a pa])er-hanger, and before going 
to the front had been in the em])loy of 
E. (i. Higgins Co. His twenty-si.xth 
birthday was spent, July 8th, in front 
of Santiago. He left many and dear 
Worcester .-iffili.-itii ms. A comrade af- 
firms that -Mayo h;id a premonition of 
his approaching end, for, the day lie- 
fore his death, he repeatedly said: "1 
am going home to-morrow." His re- 
mains were carried to h'airfield. Me., 
for interment. 

Arthur 1 )a\vson Stewart died Aug. 
loth in Cuba. A bo\- of nineteen years, 
he was a native of (irand Pre, Kings 
t'ounty, Xova Scotia, and when he en- 
listed was a machinist in tlie em]iloyof 
\\'_\inan iv ( lordon. .All that was mor- 
tal of him was borne to Hortons\i!le, 
X. S., for burial. Stewart oft'ered 
prayer over the gra\e of 'I'aft. 

Harold lienning Wentworth, ser- 
geant, ilied and was buried at sea, .Aug. 



14th. He was a Worcester boy, 
twenty-eight years old. whose father 
was for man}' }'ears the janitor of 
Mechanics Hall. -As a high school 
pupil, and as a member of the gymna- 
sium classes of the Y. M. C. A., young 
WAMitworth had been conspicuous for 
his ph\>ic;il vigor, and that he, the best 
all-round man of the Company, should 
fade so readily was not only a great 
grief, but a surprise as well. His oc- 
cu])ation had been athletics, having 
held the position of physical director 
in the A'. M. C. .A. of Worcester and 
in Hol\' Cross College. He left a 
widi iw and ( me bn ither. 

Robert Henry Dowse, corjxiral, died 
at Montauk F'liint, .Kugust 26th. He 
was born in Sherborn, but had lived 
much of his life in Worcester. His 
trade was that of a wocid-carver. His 
parents being engage<l in fruit-grow- 
ing in California, the son had repeat- 
edl\' been across the continent to visit 
iheni. His thirtieth birthday was Aug. 
24th, just two days before his death. 
His illness beginning in Cuba, he had 
failed to rail}' on reaching home shores. 
Sherborn is also his burial-place. 

William !)a\'iil Roberts died in \\'or- 
cester Septeni])er ,^1- Me had returned 
with his fellows, but the fever was 
upon him and he did not long sur\'i\'e 
the sight of home, having been taken 
in a carriage from the station to the 
hospital. He was onl}' nineteen years 
old, being one of the recruits of May 
3d. His birthplace was StalTfordville, 
Conn., but he had been in Worcester a 
couple (jf years. A'oung as he was he 
had been two years married, and be- 
sides his widow left a mother and 
other relatives, ^^'hen enlisteil. he was 
employed in Darling's mill in Cherr}' 
X'alley, where he is burietl. 

Jose])h Clarence King died at di\'i- 
sion hospital. Santiago, Cuba, Sept. 5. 
Horn in Leicester, he was eighteen 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



137 




188 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



yi-ars old at cnlistnu'iil, was a jirinter 
li\' tradr. ami iinniarrii.-il. He was one 
<if the hoys whom necessity forced to 
stay in Culia. His waking eyes never 
saAv home again, hnt his 1)odv rests in 
his (lid liiime tciwn. 

I'irst Lient. Arthur C'. King cHed in 
^\"orcester June 30. njoi. Though sur- 
viving the war ncarh- three vears, the 
death of Lieutenant King was directlv 
tracealile to the hardships of the cam- 
naign. through which lie i)nre himself 
in a must snldierlx- manner. With de- 
lightful unanimity, his men speak well 
ot his kindness of heart and his evident 
intention to do all in his power for the 
i^niid ,if his men,. He wore himself out 
in their hehalf. Lieutenant King was 
a nati\e nf W orcester. thirtv-four vears 
of age, and had heen a member of the 
flight lnfantr\- fur ten years. He had 
l(ing heen cnnnected with the wall- 
]i;ipfr husines.s, and his last engage- 
ment was with a Lhiladel].)hia house, 
where he was when seized with his 
fatal illness. His funeral was held nn 
the third anni\-ersary of his taking 
CDUimand nf the Com])an\'. when Ca])- 
tain .\llen was oliliged to lea\e. He 
was interested in the effort to retain 
the memories of the war, and was the 
President of the Cuhan W ar X'eterans. 
He was married, and in additinn tn ;i 
widow with two children, he left a 
mother and two brothers. He is 
buried in Ho]3e Cemetery. 

Royal H. Pitts died in the .Massachu.- 
setts (leneral Hospital. Lioston, June 3, 
iSoo. He was one of the May recruits, 
went through the campaign, suffered 
from ihe fe\er with ;ill his comrades, 
hm ap]jarenlly iliil not so thoroughly 
reco\er. At the .Memorial Dav exer- 
cises in Lynn be had been re(|uesteil 
by the Company Ir) ]d;ice a wreath on 
the grave of W'heeler ; this he did, but 
in so doing became o\<.'rheated. caught 
a severe cold and died. He was much 
interested in the I^egion of Sp.anisli 
War \'eterans, and was its .Vdjntant- 



general. His grave is in Hope Cem- 
etery. 

Eugene F. Drury died in the City 
Hospital of ^^'orcester, Nov. i. i()OJ. 
He was one of the 'Slay recruits of the 
Compau}-. having been added to the list 
on the 9th. He was born in that ])art 
of I^eicvster known as Cherrv \'allev, 
but much of his time had been spent in 
\\'in-cester, where he had attended the 
nublic schools, and his drill in the St, 
John's Cadets had given him a military 
taste. His \-ocation was that of a 
clothing salesman. .Vs one of the Com- 
pany has said, he was a typical soldier, 
and when the Infantry had returned 
and he had recovered from the illness 
that every one had, sooner or later, he 
enlisted in the regulars Jan. Q. 'yg. and 
was assigned to the 9th U. S. Infantry, 
tlun at .'^ackett's Harbor, N, Y. On 
the 24th of March following, the regi- 
ment left for the Philippines, and he 
l)articipated in all the campaigning of 
his three >ears' term. He was at 
(iuadaloui)e Ridge, Zajiote River, San 
I'ernando, Santa Rita, Tarlac, and 
many others in the islands, and then 
went, with the Qth to China and saw all 
that the regiment did, except Tien 
Tsin, his battalion being slow in leav- 
ing the boat. He was one of those 
who entered the sacred city, t )n get- 
ling back to .Manila he was detailed as 
or'derly and telegrai)h clerk to General 
Mc.\rtliur. ;ind later to ( ieneral Chaf- 
fee. This Work he gave up. that he 
might go with his Cc:im])an\- to Samar 
Island, for if there was acti\'e warfare 
anywhere Drury wanted to have a 
hand in it. He \\as discharged Jan. g, 
loo-', and came back to Worcester, but 
disease was already u|)on him, and 
though for a time he resumed his okl 
calling, it was not for long, as his ner- 
\ous disorder, neuritis, incapacitated 
him for work. He \\;is buried from 
the Catholic Church of Leicester, in St. 
Josejili's Cemetery, leaxdng parents, 
brothers, a widow and two children. 



P1':RS( ).\.\LS. 



.All of tlu' Worcester men in the Sec- 
ond had reason to be proud of the 
city's representation among the field 



officers of the regiment. Lieut. -colonel 
L. R. .^humwaw a former Captain of 
Company .\. and a veteran of the 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C 



139 




140 



WORCESTER IN THE SPAXISH WAR. 



War of the Rfhellidn, iiicriteil and 
always received the very his^hest 
regard of all the sohHers. ' They felt 
that he was ever one of them an(i with 
them. 

Major H. 1',. Fairl)anks was familiar 
with all the history (_,f the Company, for 
he had lon.t;- liei-n one of its captains. 
Devoted to the militia from his verv 
boyhood, there was no wonder that in 
every position he proved a perfect fit. 
His presence on the firing line, dnring 
the long and tedious marches, in the 
fever-stricken cam]), was e\er re- 
sourceful and a power to encourage 
and inspirit. Not alone Omipany C. 
but all the e(Tmpanies owe much to 
their young and energetic Major. 

Second Lieut. Herbert H. Warren. — 
It was the fortune or misfortune of 
Lieutenant \\'arren to be detached 
from his Com]jany e\-en before leaving 
Florida, hence all of his Cuban expe- 
rience was ai)art from the Light Infan- 
try. .\11 that he .saw of his old friends 
was when he casually met some mem- 
ber, or in the i)ursuit of duty, he])assed 
the regiment. ( )n reaching Florida he 
was prostrated with illness, from 
which he rallied sliiwly. so slowlv tha; 
it was deemed improbable that he 
would be able to accompany the .Sec- 
ond on its departure. At this juncture. 
June 3th. there came an order for the 
detaching of se\'eral conunissioned 
officers for duty at the di\ i-.ion head- 
(juarters till regulars couhl l)e foun.l 
to take their places, but as the supph' 
of regulars was never e(|ual to the de- 
mand, the detail became i)ermanent. 
Also, as the health (jf the Lieutenant 
improNed he was able to go ;ilong with 
the expedition. 

While lacking thus the spirit of fel- 
liiuship which comes from tenting on 
I lie same camp-gmund. he <lid have a 
far wider experience of men and events 
llian his associate officers who were 
with their rfspecli\e conijianies. .\11 
the distinguished officers whose names 
are indelibly imi)ressed upon the pages 
devoted to the Spanish \\ ar were fre- 
quently met. ancl lir is ;d)le to oiv^ an 
estimate of their appearance ami char- 



acteristics from Shafter, Wheeler and 
Lawton downward. 

It goes without saying that all of the 
duties pertaining to his position were 
faithfully performed, and that he him- 
self found in their performance a de- 
gree (.)f exhilaration that all staff offi- 
cers recall with ])leasure. .\s a mem- 
l)er of (ieneral Lawton's militarv fam- 
ily he was near enough to that gal- 
lant soldier to appreciate his magnifi- 
cent manhood, and later to lament his 
untimely death in the far-away Philip- 
liines. Day and night, in the saddle 
and afoot, he carried messages and 
orders, saw to the ]5lacing of regiments 
and companies, was present at the at- 
tack on El Caney, helped to encircle 
Santiago, saw the Spanish flag come 
down and the American go up; then 
he. too. yielded to the insidious fever, 
and July .:;oth was furloughed home to 
his own father's house, wdience he did 
not emerge till well into September, 
though he was out in time to do a deal 
of work in making ready the muster- 
i>ut papers of his Comp.any. and with 
his fellows to receive the Springfield 
ruir in ( »ctobrr. 

.\ot alone Lieutenant \\'arren. but 
his friends as well, have a deal of ])ieas- 
ure and pride in the fact that his con- 
duct before El Caney was such that bv 
( leneral Lawton he was recommen<led 
for the brevet rank of captain. 

bred 1'. Dean. — ^The experience of 
I'ri\ate Dean, after the war, in helping 
to return to America the bodies of the 
Soldiers dying in foreign lands, entitles 
him to more than passing mention. In 
company with .Sergeant I^>arton. he had 
found an<l located the gra\e of Lieu- 
tenant llenchley, after the San |uan 
Hill engagement, and, naturallv, wdien 
the retiu-n of that brave x'oung officer's 
Ijody to his nati\e land was contem- 
plated, .-ittention was turned to Dean 
as the man to direct the effort. .\c- 
cordingly he was mustered out ( )ct. 
3d. i8(>S. by special order of the \\'ar 
De|)artment. However, he had not 
waiteil for the arrival of the order, but 
accompanied by Cndertaker Frank 
.Sessions, he had sailed for I'orto Rico, 
on the first day of the month. It should 
be stated that under C(.lonel Clark's 



LIGHT IN'F.WTRV, COMPANY C. 



141 




direction. Private Dean had located and 
marked ever\- 2d Regiment grave in 
Cuba. The identification of the grave 
by means of the wire-woven horseshoe 
which Dean and Barton had j^laced at 
the foot of tile im])rii\"ised crdss erected 
above the remains of the Lieutenant, 
was a hap]iy outcome of the thought- 
fulness which pr(impted the act. The 
body of Lieutenant Benchley came 
back to ^^'orcester in November, and 
after the funeral in the First L'nixor- 
salist Church, it was buried in the 
National Cemetery at West Point. 
The horseshoe with its barbetl wire ac- 
companiment is one of the jirecious 
relics in the Light Infantry's collection. 
The return of all American bodies 
buried abroad became a necessitv, and 
many communities took up the matter 
in behalf of themselves, Worcester 
being the first to act. Each regimental 
commander liad the privilege of rec- 
ommending a man from his command 
to accompany the government burial 
corps. Colonel Clark of the 2d Alas- 
saclnisetts, in the spring of 1899. named 
Private Dean, and expenses were to be 
borne by the city of ^^'orcester, Mr. 
Dean not caring to join the corps at 
that time. The first landing was in 



I'lirto Ricii. where it was h.und that all 
the stenciling a])pliances f<_)r the proper 
labelling of the caskets were at the 
bottom of the vessel's hold, with a large 
cargii of matter above the same. Hap- 
pily at this moment the deftness of 
Mean's h;inds became known, and his 
Use ol the brush rendered it uniieces- 
-■ary to unload the entire cargo to get 
at till' hidden mechanism. So well did 
he (jo his work that on the way to 
t'uba it was proposed to him that he 
jiiin the corps and continue the work 
begun in Porto Rico and thus be on the 
pay-roll of the government. To this he 
consented, and before he returned to 
\\ iircester he had lettered the name, 
rank, company and regiment ui)on the 
receptacles of no less than 1278 poor 
tellovvs who had perished afar from 
their homes. Also he made and turned 
into the government plans of all the 
places whence the bodies had 1:)een 
taken. 

The ex])ertness of our prisate had 
become so well understood that in the 
fall of 1899. he was oft'ered further em- 
ployment in the same line in the Phil- 
i])])ines. He received his appointment 




142 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



trum the Ouarlcrniaster-gencral. ami 
started on what proved to Ix' an ab- 
sence of nine months. His secund trif), 
under the same auspices and for the 
same purpose, was made in 1900, start- 
ing in ( )ctober and covering about the 
same interval as his first. Again he 
was called upon in 1902, leaving Se])- 
tember 14th. and was gone fifteen 
months, getting back just in time fur a 
Thanksgiving dinner, 1903. During 
these three expeditions he sailed en- 
tirelv around the Philippine Archipel- 
ago and went in and nut aumng the 
islands themselves till the indicated 
lines of his travel Imik very much like 



In i8<>) there seemed to be a chance 
fur Mr. Dean to secure a ])ermanent 
.situatiiiu in the R^;(\ Cross service, a 
position for which he was specially 
fitted, but it was filled before his rec- 
ommendations could be filed, but the 
following letter from Lieutenant King 
of Company C is held by him as a 
])recious souvenir of the regard in whicii 
his commanding officer held him : 



I feel that I nwe y(Hi, in person, a great 
ileln of gratitude for the whole-souled, self- 
denying manner in which you devoted your- 
self to your sick comrades. I Itave hoped 
for an opiiortunity to express puhHcly the 




LIEL-IE.XANI' i'.i';xeiii-i-A" 



a bazar dress iKittern. Every accessible 
liodv was disinterred and by our skill- 
fid ictterer the receptacle was directed 
for the long retin-n ti'ip across the I'a- 
cifie. In this wa\ . in the We^i lndie> 
and llie 1 'lulilipines. lie lett/rnl caskets 
coul.-iining the rcMuains ol more 
i/)<)() men who li;id ilu'd away 
their nati\'e l.'ind. 

Mr. Dean recalls willi 
l)ride tlu- fad thai he was - 



than 
from 

)iardi mable 
:alled lo the 
jiresence of Colom-1 I'atten of the 
( )n;irlermaster's 1 )cparlnient. and was 
In liim lhaid<eil lor the character of 
his services, including the plans he had 
turned in. thus making it |i(]ssible to 
answer all (pusiions as to the reliable- 
ness of names and records. 



ajpreciation I felt lor your efforts so freely 
given at tliat distressing time, the month 
succeeding the surrender of Santiago, when 
in the entire Jnd Regiment there was not a 
well man, and when those who were least 
sick had to devote themselves to the care of 
others. I recall with pleasure the fact that not 
only did you do cheerfully and willingly all that 
yon were' detailed to do. but that you were ever 
on the alert to render others timely assistance. 
^iirh as the preparation of dainty dishes from 
liiunble materials. How well I remember the 
"hlanc-mange." served on a mess-tin, but cun- 
iimglv tricked out with green leaves, which 
niade'it look like a delicacy from Delmonico's, 
ihat vou brought me one night when I v'as 
far from well: and the tender care with which 
you tended the sick in hospital, bathing them 
riml ministering to their comforts as a mother 
uould have done, and continuing to give to 
them out of our limited resources as great a 
variety of nutritious dishes as even so skilled a 
cook as you proved to be, could devise. 



LIGHT INFAXTRY, COMPANY C. 



143 



The many ways in which you rendered most 
valuable aid to the then commanding officer of 
"C" Company (myself) I shall never forget. 
and only trust that as long as you live you may 
be the recipient of as good treatment from 
those with whom you come in contact as you 
have given to your comrades in distress. Be- 



lieving that in such a wish I am wishing you 
all the good that is likely to come to any man. 
I am. 

Most sinccrelv vours. 

.\RtHL"R C. KING. 
Late 1st Lieut.. '•C" Co.. jnd Mass.. U.S. V. 
Julv >S, 189Q. 



CArTAlX WIX.^LDW S. LIXCOIA'. 



\\'ith his own experience in military 
attair.^. and with a knowledge of the 
parts borne by his father and Ijrothcr 
in the ^^'ar of the Rebellion, it was not 
at all strange that our ex-Light Infan- 
try officer shoiihl early volunteer iii 
his services in the struggle with Spain. 

June 4. 1898. he was offered an ap- 
pointment as Captain of immunes. 
with the choice of white or colored 
troops, but yielding to the wishes of 
his family and friends, he accepted 
the position of Captain and Assistant 
Commissary of Subsistence, etc. 

In June, 1898, an order was issued by 
the \\'a.T Department directing him as 
Captain and Assistant Commissary of 
Subsistence. U. S. \".,to report to Major 
General J. J. Cop]Mnger, commanding 
the Fourth Army Corps, for assign- 
ment to duty in that command, and on 
June 26th he reached headquarters at 
Tampa, Florida, and reported to the 
Adjutant-general. The following day 
he was assigned as Chief Commissary 
of the Third Division, Fourth Army 
Corps, Brigadier-general Jacob Kline 
commanding, and subsequently was 
transferred to the Second Brigade of 
that same division. Brigadier-general 
James Rush Lincoln in command. 
This V)rigade C(^nsisted of the 69t!i 
New York, 3d ( )hio, and 2d Georgia 
regiments of volunteer infantry. 

The camp was at what was known 
as Palmetto Beach, about three miles 
from Tampa, and near the beach. 
Sanitary conditions were abominable, 
and during the latter part of his stay 
here, after the rainy season had set in, 
life was altnost intolerable. 

After the Protocol had been signed 
and all hope of active service removed, 
the patriotism of every volunteer offi- 
cer was sorelv tried. 



Early in July the Fourth Army 
Cor])s was ordered to Fernandina, 
Florida, But two regiments of his 
brigade joined in this movement, the 
2d Georgia being detached and ordered 
to remain in Tampa. The camp at 
Fernandina was laid out about two 
miles from the sea beach in sand almost 
knee deep, infested with, it seemed, 
everv known insect, the air fever- 
laden, the hospitals full and the duties 
arduous and trying. In spite of a strong 
fight against conditions Captain 
Lincoln's health became so impaired 
that Ijy order of General Lincoln, the 
brigade commander, he was conveyed 
to a small hotel on the beach and 
])laced under the care of Hospital 
Steward \\'ood of the 69th New York. 
He was desperately ill, but a deter- 
mined will and the excellent care of 
^^'ood pulled him through, and after 
four weeks he returned to quarters. 

After five weeks at Fernandina the 
third movement of the Fourth Corps 
was made, this time to Huntsvillc, 
Ala., where the Third Division was 
given a most beautifid location, and. 
for the first time, the camp was a 
comparatively comfortable habitation. 

The long siege with fever and dys- 
enter\- had told se\erely on Captain 
Lincoln's strength, and at last, by the 
advice of the sin-geons, but much 
against his wishes, he was sent home 
on sick leave. Thi- 3d Ohio Regiment 
had lieen mustered out and sent home, 
and only the 69th Xew York remained, 
so that the duties of Brigade Commis- 
sarv were minimized. He returned 
from sick leave on Xovember 2d, soon 
after the order had been issued reor- 
ganizing the Fourth Army Corps, 
and assigning ^Major-general Joseph 
Wheeler to its command. Captain Lin- 



144 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



coin's new assi,s;nnifiit was to the First 
Brigade, Second Dix'ision, Urigadier- 
general ( Jilbert S. Carpenter commamU 
ing. and stationed at Anniston, Ala. 
This brigade consisted of the istl'..'^. 
Regular Infantrv. the 4th Kentucky. 
\".'l., and the ;v'l Alahania. \'. 1.. and 
the (li\isi(in was undei' the command 
of Majcir-general Royal iM-ank. 

Winter c|uarters were now estab- 
lished and the division settled down to 
routine dutv. ( )n January 1st. iSoo. 



tribnting depot at Queniados, nine 
miles from Ha\ana, the base of sup- 
])lies for the Seventh Army Corps, 
Major-general Fitzhugh Lee. the 2d 
\'()lunteer Engineers and the beef 
su])]>ly i)lant of Swift & Co. furnishing 
frtsh beef for Camp Columbia and the 
troops in the city of Havana and its 
suburbs. This was a most important 
and responsible assignment. About 
15.000 troops were rationed from this 
depot, and cash sales of stores to offi- 




AI'IAIN WIXSIJiW 



came this welcome o(rder : ■T'aptain 
Winslow S. Lincoln. C. S. C. S. \'.. is 
relieved from ilnty with the l-'irst I'.ri- 
gade. Second Division, l'"ourlh .\rmy 
Corps, and will procee<l to Havana, 
Cuba, an<l rep( .rt to Colonel .\. I>. 
Smith. Chief Commissary of the Divi- 
sion of Ctiba. for duty as assistant ir. 
his office." and on the l^ith of the same 
month he reached Havana and re- 
ported in accordance with this order. 
He was at once assigned to tlu' dis- 



cers an<l men ran from $8000 to 
.$12,000 i)er month. The beef contract 
of the Swifts provided that transpor- 
tation from tide water in the United 
States to Cuba be furnished by the 
War Department, and transports were 
not at all times available. In conse- 
(pience (jf this arrangement the con- 
tr.-iclors were unable to keep a supply 
(if refrigerated beef on hand, antl it 
became necessary to purchase beef on 
the hoof from the snpplv in the hands 



LIGHT IXFANTRV, COMPANY C. 



145 



of native owners and tlie dealers from 
the "States" who had invaded the 
market. 

Captain Lincoln's knowleilge of cat- 
tle values made him a valual)le officer 
for this duty, and the Chief Commis- 
sary. Colonel Smith, recog'nized this 
at once and assigned him as beef 
purchasing and inspection officer, and 
as such he did good service for the de- 
partment. 

Captain I-incoln was a strict disci- 
plinarian, not only for those under his 
orders, but for himself as well, and the 
depot at Quemados was a model one, 
not alone in its arrangement, but in 
the economy of its management. ( )ne 
clerk, one commissary sergeant, one 
sales clerk and eight Cuban laborers 
sufficed to perform the labors of its ad- 
ministration, and that the work was 
well done was attested by Major-gen- 
eral John C. Breckenridge. Inspector 
General U. S. A., who pronounced the 
depot an excellent one. 

In ^larch, 1899, came the general 
order honorably discharging the vol- 
unteer stafif, and on April loth Cap- 
tain Lincoln left Cuba for home via 
the steamer ''City of Havana," to 
Saxannah, Georgia. 

.-\fter five days' quarantine on He 
I'uskie Island, Savannah Harbor, he 
went north, homeward bound. His 
official connection with the L'nited 
States service terminated June Tst, 
1 899. 

W liile his was not a service of bril- 
liant achic\cment, it was one of duty 
well and faithfully done under condi- 
tions of discouragement, and with an 
absence of that exhilarating influence 
which comes with active service in bat- 
tle. It was a record to be proud of, 
from the very fact that there were 
none of the spectacular elements which 



make such duty easy and light. It 
may lie said with all truth that his ser- 
vices were iield in high esteem by 
e\ery officer under whom he served, 
and the noble traditions of the family 
lost none of their lustre through him. 

Captain Lincoln joined the Light In- 
fantry first in 1865, and served his en- 
listment period in the ranks and was 
duly mustered out: beginning June, 
1875, li^' was .\ide-de-cam|i, with rank 
of Captain, for nearly a year; in Sep- 
tember, 1876, he enlisted again, and 
thence onward was rapidly promoted. 
Through the various gradations he 
was thoroughly drilled in the school of 
the soldier, holding the important po- 
sition oi first sergeant, ])assed through 
the lieutenancies, and finally reached 
the infantryman's goal, the captaincy, 
heading the Company from November 
23, 1880, to October 3, 1883, For 
this soldierly experience he had re- 
ceived a boyhood's preparation in the 
Highland ^'lilitary \cadem\-. 

Possessed nf a C( nnpeti-nce, having a 
delightful hnnic with wife and chil- 
dren, maintaining one of the finest es- 
tates in Worcester, the Willow Farm 
on Chandler Street, corner of May, 
what reason was there for him to leave 
so much comfort for the rough life in 
the field? The old French motto, 
noblesse oblige, found here a fitting ap- 
plication, Xame and heredity would 
not permit him to stay when others 
were going, hence the commission, 
the service, the impaired health, the 
two invalid years at the dear old home, 
and last of all the final muster out. 
May 3d, 1902, Though the bugle has 
blown for him the last tattoo, his com- 
rades and friends do not forget, and in 
Light Infantry annals they write in 
bright, large letters on their scroll of 
fame the name of the latest Lincoln. 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



AT PRESENT. 



How well tliL' khaki wearers liave 
borne their parts in the intervening 
years may be gathered in the following 
roster of names, residences and occn- 
pations, as far as the same can l:)e ob- 
tained. Unless otherwise indicated in 
the list, the state is Massachusetts and 
the city \\'orcester: 

Captain Frank L. .-Xllen, contractor and 
buikler. 

Lieutenant Herbert H. Warren, dentist. 

Sergeant Arthur S. Longlcy, bookkeeper. 

Sergeant George W. Stebbins, custodian. 
Art Museum. 

Sergeant George H. Hill, broker. 

Sergeant Charles T. Fletcher, U. S. .A. 

Sergeant William E. Barton, business. New 
York, N. V. 

Sergeant J. Warren Holbrook, salesman. 

Corjioral Charles H. Colburn, foreman. 

Corporal John L. Wilniot, trucking. 

Corporal Charles H. Vaughan, Jr., carpenter 
and builder, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Corporal Pclham W. Lincoln, manager, .Man- 
c+iestcr Depot. Vt. 

Corporal Clifford T. Eldridge, bookkeei)er. 

Corporal George E. Ri.x. bookkeeper. 

Cook .\ugust G. Biersdorl, chef, Boston. 

Musician .■\urelius F. Wheeler, dentist. 

Musician Harry T. Chapin. U. S. .\rmy, 
Boston. 

.Artificer Edward A. Stearns, Highway De- 
partment. 

Wagoner Fred. B. .Mayn.ird, insurance. Pitts- 
field. 
Privates: 

Harry H. Adams, U. S. .Army. 

Olncy T. Aldrich, Fire Department. 

Jolin H. Allen, salesman, St. Louis, Mo. 

Lyman Bartletl, bookkeeper. 

George H. Bejune, bookkeei)er, 

George E. Bennett. U. S, Army. 

James F. Bradley, clerk, Boston. 

Emory A. Briggs, electrician. Navy Yard, 
Charlestown. 

Irving A. Brigham, foreman. Wcstboro. 

Charles A. Browne, U. S. .Army. 



Clarence E. Butler, salesman. 

George C. Butler, U. S. .Army. 

William H. Butler, with Natural Food Co., 
Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Fred A. Clarkson. salesman. 

Leonard E. Crooker, Fire Department: has 
served in U. S. Army. 

Forrest E. Grossman, advertising agent. New 
York, N. Y, 

Fred P. Dean, sign-jiainter, but the most of 
his time since the war has been given to 
returning to America the bodies of de- 
ceased soldiers. 

William G. Dennis, clerk. 

William W. Eddy, Buttrick Co., New York. 
N, Y, 

George S. Farrow, salesman. 

James H. Flynn, U. S. .Army. 

Walter I. Gage, bookkeeper, Boston, 

O. J. W. Gleason, letter-carrier. 

Louis B, Glixman, clerk and Common Council- 
man. 

Henry J. Greene, insurance, 

Fred C. Hale, draughtstnan, Norwich, Ct. 

Ralph E. Henderson, machinist. 

Willard J. Humes, court clerk, Grafton. 

Roland Johnson, carpet-finisher. 

George T. Jones, bookkeeper. 

Herbert W. Kincaid, manager. New York, 
N. Y, 

Charles H. Knibbs, trucking. 

Edward J. Martin, shipper. 

George Martin, U. S. .Army. 

Waldo .A. Merrifield. shipper. 

Alonzo J. Pembleton, Fire Department. 

James E. Pope, optician, Newark, N. J. 

Burton A. Prince, foreman. 

Winfield D. Rheutan. clerk, Richmond, Va, 

Charles M. Sands, livery, Montpelier, Vt,; 
has been in U. S. Army. 

Robert Taft, Police Departtuent. 

James H. Taylor, machinist. 

James E. L. Todd, manufacturer. 

Fred. J. Tucker, farmer, Rutland. 

.Arthur T. Wintcrsgill, machinist, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

Edwin D. Wooldridge, electrician, Lynn. 

Emil Zaeder, lawyer. 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



147 



Muster-in Roll of Company C, 2n Reciment of Infantky, Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers, in the Service of the Umted States, for Two 
Years, from May id, i8g8, unless Sooner Dlscharged. 

[Tlie data, in order, cover rank. name, age, birthplace and occupation.] 



t APTAIN. 



Frank L. Allen. 35. \\'orcester. civil 
engineer. 

first LIEl'TENANT. 



.\RTIFICER. 



Eddy A. Stearns, 2^. \\'orcester. black- 
smith. 



\\A(;i>m:k. 



-\rtluir C. King. 31. \\'orcester. iner- I'red. 1!. Maynard. 



Worcester, 



chant. 



salesman. 



SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

Herbert H. Warren. 34. Clinton, 
dentist. 

seri;e.\nts. 

.Vrthur S. Longley. 26. Millbiiry, booK-- 
keeper. 

(ieorge W. ."^tebbins. 29. Worcester, 
engraver. 

George H. Hill.* 30. \\'orcester. man- 
ufacturer. 

Charles T. Fleticher. 2/. Worcester, 
draughtsman. 

\\'illiam E. ISarton. 24. Worcester, 
publisher. 

Joseph \\'. Holbrook. 24. Barre. sales- 
man. 

CORPORALS. 

Charles H. Colburn. 26. OronM. Me., 
envelope cutter. 

John L. \MImot, 2^. Boston, clerk. 

Charles A. \'aughan. Jr.. 26, Worces- 
ter, carpenter. 

Pelham W. Lincoln. 2^. Worcester, 
salesman. 

Clifford T. Elclridge. 22,. Worcester. 
clerk. 

George Edmund Rix. 28. Memphis. 
Tenn.. clerk. 

MUSICIANS. 

painter. 
.\urelius F. Wheeler. 23. Xorth Fen- Dennis. William G.. 24. Worcester, 

ton. X. Y.. dentist. salesman. 

Harry T. Chapin, 2I1. Worcester, elec- Dowse. Robert H.. 2Q. Sherborn. 

trician. woodcarver. 



Adams, tiarrv H.. 20. Ludlow. \'t., 

florist. 
Aldrich. ( )lney T., 2;^, Sutton, elec- 

triciaiL 
.Mien. John H.. 22. I'anton. \'t.. clerk. 
Bartlett. Lyman. 20. Worcester, clerk. 
Bejune, George H.. 20. Springfield, 

bookkeeper, 
liennett. (leorge E.. 2^. Worcester, 

C( in tractor, 
liiersdorf. Augustus G.. 23. Coliurg, 

Saxony, cook. 
Bradley, James F., 23. Putnam. Conn., 

bookkeeper. 
Briggs, Emory A.. 20. .\thol. clerk. 
Brighani. Irving .\.. 2J. Westlioro, 

shoemaker. 
Browne. Charles A.. 42. Xew Bedford, 

gasfitter. 
Butler. Clarence E.. 2<). Sanford, Me., 

clerk. 
I'.utler. George C. 18. Hartford, Conn., 

machinist. 
ISutler. William H.. 30. Providence, 

R. 1.. accountant. 
Clarksoii. l-'red H.. 18. Worcester, en- 

gra\er. 
Crooker. Leonard M.. 30. Shrewsbury. 

carpenter. 
Crossman. Forrest E.. 22, \\'orcester, 

theatrical. 
Dean. Fred P.. 40. Worcester, sign 



*Owing to illness Sergeant Hill did not go with his company to Cuba, but was detailed for 
duty in the .\djutant-generars Department. 4th .\rmy Corps, rejoining the Infantry at Montauk. 



148 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



I")riiry, Eu^'ene F., 2", Leicester, sales 

man. 
Eddy, William W'.. 2i), Fitchburg', re- 
porter. 
Earrow. (leori^e .'^.. 2},. Rutsfurd Port- 

ag'c, N. r>.. clerk. 
Elynn. James H.. Jr., 21, S|)rin,c;field 

laborer. 
Gag'c. Walter L, 21, Hyde Park, man 

ufacturer. 
Gleason, Odiorne J. \V.. 29, Hdldeii 

letter carrier. 
Gli.xman, Lonis 1!., 20, Russia, painter 
Greene. Henry J.. 10, Wooilstock 

C<inn., student. 
Hale, l^>ed C, 2\ . North Dana 

drauq'htsman. 
Henderson. Ralph E., 2-^. Pelfast, Me. 

machinist. 
Humes, WiUard J., 25, Millbury 

lawyer. 
Johnson, Roland, 26, Lancashire, V.w^. 

finisher. 
Jones. Georo-e T., 2},. Worcester, clerk 
Kincaid, Herbert W,. 27, Lewiston 

Ale., salesman. 
King, Joseph C.. 25, Leicester, printer 
Knibbs. Charles H.. 10. Worcester 

manager. 
Martin, E^hvard J.. 24, Wiltcm, N. P.. 

clerk. 
Martin, (ienrge, 21, Cimstantinoiile 

Turkey, clerk. 
Mayo, .Silas L, 2'^. l-'airfield, |)aper 

h;in"er. 



Merrifield, Waldo .-X., 23, Worcester, 

bookkeeper. 
Pembleton, Alonzo J., 27. Pandalier, 

Mich., electrician. 
Pitts, Royal H., 23, .Sudbury, \'t., un- 
dertaker. 
Pope, James E., 26, Laconia, X. H., 

optician. 
Prince, r>urton A.. 21. Worcester, 

student. 
Kheutan. Winfield 1),. 21, Worcester, 

clerk. 
Roberts, William l)., 18, Statiord, 

Conn., salesman. 
.Stewart, Arthur D., 19, Graiul Pre, 

N. S., machinist. 
Sands. Charles M., 19, Parisville, X. Y., 

farmer. 
Taft. I'redk. P.., 30, Hingham, sales- 
man. 
Taft. Robert. 22. Charlton, shoecutter. 
1";i\dor, James H., ^2, Manchester, 

' X. H!, clerk. 
Todd, James E. L., 25, Turks Island, 

West Indies, salesman. 
Tucker, PTed L. 24, .\uburn. farmer. 
Went worth. Hanild 1'... 2<S. Worcester, 

te.-icher. 
Wheeler. Janle^ \\'., 32, \\'eymouth, 

insurance. 
Wintersgill. .\rthur T.. 20, Worcester, 

machinist. 
W (.oldridgo, I-:dwin 1)., 21. Cornwall, 

Eng.. clerk. 
Zaeder. Emil, 22. Worcester, lawver. 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



149 



CENTENNIAL OF THE LIGHT INFANTRY' WITH 
HISTORY— JUNE 6, 1903. 



Not since Worcester celelirated its 
bi-centennial has the city seen a more 
enthusiastic occasion than that which 
brought to an end the one hundred 
years of the Light Infantry's existence. 
For many a long day the eyent had 
been talked over and hundreds of 
members have regretted that their 
actiye connection with the Com- 
pany could not be at this particular 
time. For a century young men haye 
practiced the drill peculiar to their day 
and generation : haye had their taste of 
camp life, possibly of real soldiering, 
and then haye taken their places in the 
yeteran ranks, to be thereafter recog- 
nized as the "has beens" : valuable re- 
seryes. however, for times when num- 
bers count and contributions are neces- 
sar}^ for the proper observance of cer- 
tain days. 

Such an occasion was that just past, 
and it is safe to state that very few 
men who ever wore the uniform of the 
Light Infantry were not in hearty 
sympathy with each and every plan to 
make the event memorable. Fully five 
years ago. the veteran organization 
l)egan to prepare for the celebration, 
and, when the time was ri]5e, was able 
to turn over a considerable sum of 
money to the general fund. In addi- 
tion, the citizens, who have a justifia- 
ble pride in their oldest military com- 
pany, were ready to lend a hand, so 
that the bills, though heavy, were 
readily met. 

The campaign, which began Wed- 
nesday evening, June 3d, and termi- 
nated early in the morning of the /th, 
though not so bloody, was quite as try- 
ing as any ever passed through by the 
Company. If the boys obtained any 
sleep at all it was by snatches, and even 
those they thought wasted. There was 
so much to see, and so many things to 
be done, that sleep, though so blessed 
by Sancho Panza, was passed by till 
some more convenient season. 

The Company left Worcester for 
Boston late in the afternoon of the 3d, 



en route to Portland, to assist in the 
observance of the same liirthday by the 
twin company of that city. Though 
sleeping places were assigned on board 
the steamer which conveyed them to 
the lovely city on the Casco, such as- 
signments were quite superfluous. The 
best of weather prevailed, not a drop of 
rain falling throughf)ut the entire 
period, though it began the \erv next 
day after. Even the fires and smoke of 
Maine were not amiss, since they 
served to cloud the otherwise burning 
rays of the solstitial sun. Maine's chief 
city did her very best in entertaining 
the boys in blue from the mother 
State, and no time was wasted. 

It was a very generous thing for the 
F'ortland boys to do, viz., to volunteer 
to anticipate their own day and to yield 
the auspicious 6th to the Massachu- 
setts company. If old Governor Strong 
a century since had only reflected on 
the possible mix-up in the future, he 
might have prevented the coincident 
dates by holding one charter for just 
twenty-four hours, but he did nothing 
of the" kind, and the dates (if birth are 
the same, and tor all time the com- 
panies are twins. 

That special train home from Maine 
bore a hapjn' array of young men, all 
intent on getting the most possible out 
of the tri]). Never was the old Latin 
motto, "t'ar/v diciii." or "Seize the 
day," more literally obeyed; indeed, 
tlie boys seized the night also. Their 
arrival in Worcester, though late, was 
enthusiastic, and from Union Station 
to the Bay State, red fire marked the 
march of the returning and visiting cit- 
izen soldiers. 

Then when the 6th, the long ex- 
jiected, the dreamed-of day, dawned, 
the city was agog to see her own boys 
and those of other states. It is true 
that a coincident circus may have added 
to the throngs ; it is pretty certain that 
the mass of the people were out to see 
their militia company and those who 



150 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



151 



were to parade witli thcni. ( )\vin!;' to 
faulty railroad connections, some of the 
Connecticut soldiers were late, hence 
the start from the Armory was a little 
more than one hour late, hut when the 
lines did appear they were most heartily 
,c;reetc(l. \\ hile, on occasion, Worces- 
ter has entertained more soldiers, she 
never had on one day a greater variety. 
In addition to the Light Infantry, in 
their new uniforms, and their twin 
brothers from Portland, were all of the 
city's five organizations, with the 
Fitchburg Fusiliers, the United Train 
from Providence, a company from the 
ist Heavy Artillery of Fioston, and two 
companies from Hartford, Conn. ; and 
what attention their bright uniforms 
excited ! There was the brilliant red 
of the Governor's Foot Guard, along 
with the white of the City Guards, that 
followed close behind. 

Somewhere along Main Street it 
would seem that nearly ever}- Worces- 
ter citizen took a glance at the men 
with the guns. By no means incon- 
spicuous were the lads from the High- 
land Military Academy with their natty 
suits of gray, \^'hen at last the lines 
returned to the Armory and there 
stacked their rifles, preparatory to the 
day's outing at the Lake, there were 
few if any who were not glad that they 
had had a chance to see just how li\-ely 
and reliable men could be on their one 
hundredth birthday. 

Over the variety and pleasures of the 
day at Edgemere it is unnecessary to 
linger, for when did youth and vigor 
ever fail to find amusement in the pass- 
ing hour? The games, jokes and songs, 
will their memory ever fade? A sus- 
picious hoarseness for days afterwards 
told how zealously many tried to add 
their voices to the general hilarity. 
While the suspension of electrical con- 
nection delayed the return from th« 
Lake and compelled the soldiers to 
march, their armless passage through 
Front Street was not the least inter- 
esting of the many episodes of that 
eventful day. 

Meanwhile, hungry hundreds were 
waiting, with more or less patience, in 
the vestibule of Washburn Hall, won- 
dering where their uniformed compat- 



riots were. Half ])ast six p.m. extended 
to some time past eight before the ar- 
rival of the most important part of the 
Company, and the lines were formed 
for the hall alcove. Afechanics Hall has 
seated many a gathering, but never a 
jollier one than that which filled ever}- 
seat, and some overflowed into \\'ash- 
burn Hall below. Caterer Pirigham has 
no reason to apologize for the apiietiz- 
ing menu which claimed the time and 
attention of ev'ery one till past nine 
o'clock. The music of the bands, along 
with the singing of all between 
courses, made the time pass rapidly. 

Finally, when Captain Rider indi- 
cated a change from a feast of viands 
to that of thought and reason, no one 
would blame him if through his frame 
there ran a thrill of pride at the happy 
progress of the celebration. In a few 
and fitting words he passed the further 
exercises into the hands of James Lo- 
gan. a \eteran member of the Company. 
It was a lucky day for the Infantry 
when this same boy of Scottish birth 
took into his head to play soldier for a 
while, since to no single individual is 
due more of the success of the observ- 
ances than to him. He was only a clerk 
in one of W'orcester's business estab- 
lishments when he first essayed his mil- 
itary role, but he played his part well, 
as he has every other one that he has 
undertaken since. Whenever the boys 
want something done they are likely to 
turn to their veteran. Logan, who is 
ever ready, both to raise money and to 
talk. He took both jiarts in the cen- 
tennial play, and took them finely. His 
introductions and his own response to 
the toast. "The Ladies." were excellent. 

It would be a pleasure to reproduce 
every word spoken here, but it must 
suffice to state that whether it was 
Mavor I'letcher. Lieutenant-governor 
Guild, or Alderman Cha])man of Port- 
land, all were enthusiastically received. 
Space, however, is found for the com- 
prehensive story of the Company as 
told by Major Frederick G. Stiles, who. 
bearing his weight of almost seventy- 
eight years, with clear, ringing voice 
recited the tale of a century. He was 
greeted with enthusiasm by his audi- 
ence, which rose to receive him. everj- 



152 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



ciiu' reflecting on the Providence which 
had preserved for this duty a man 
wlici, more than sixty years ago, had 
sig;ned his first enhstment paper, had 
won his golden laurel leaf in the War 
of the Rebellion, and now, the oldest 
surviving member of the Company, 
could tell its story in a manner to in- 
terest and delight everv listener: 



In the year 1803 there was but one 
uniformed military company in the 
town of Worcester, an artillerv com- 
pany, founded and commanded by 
Major William Treadwell (of Revo- 
lutionary fame) in 1783. 

I!ut there were two companies of 
State militia, that met once each year 
for inspection and enrollment. No'two 
persons were dressed alike, and their 
guns were of every conceivable pat- 
tern and make, and their parades were 
looked upon as a burlesque bv the peo- 
ple (if tlic town. 

.'-^w much for the militarv of this 
Commonwealth previous to the form- 
ation of the Company whose birth and 
one hundredth anniversary we are here 
to-night to celebrate. 

It has been said that it was at the 
suggestion of Rev. Dr. Aaron Bancroft, 
the founder of the Second Parish 
Church in Worcester, and who carried 
a gun at Concord — and also at Bunker 
Hill in 1795 (then a student at Harvard 
College)— that an application was 
made to the Legislature for a charter 
to form an independent militarv in- 
fantry cijm])any in the town of Wor- 
cester. The petition for the same was 
written by Levi Lincoln, Jr., and signed 
by several leading citizens of the town, 
and sent to the Adjutant-general of the 
State at Boston. And it is a singular 
coincident that one hundred years ago 
to-day permission was granted by the 
Legislature of the Province of Massa- 
chusetts for the formation of two in- 
dependent military companies, one at 
Portland, the other at Worcester; both 
at that time being within the State of 
Massachusetts. 

On June 6th, 1803. the charters were 
signed by Caleb Strong, then Governor 



of the State. They were designated as 
the Portland Light Infantry and the 
A\^orcester Light Infantry; both these 
organizations are on active duty to- 
day, with all the strength and vigor of 
the first parade, but of those who made 
up their rank and file not one remains. 

The last survivor of the original 
Worcester Light Infantry was Charles 
Tappan. He was born in Northampton, 
Mass., in 1784. He came to Worcester 
as an apprentice to Dr. Isaiah Thomas, 
and served his apprenticeship in the 
office of the Massachusetts Spy. He 
was one of the charter members of the 
Worcester Light Infantry (in 1803), 
and for ten years was identified with it. 

In i8r3 he removed to Portsmouth, 
X. H., and soon after went with others 
in the Swedish brig Margaretta to St. 
Jiihn, N. B., and filled her with British 
goods, intending:' tn tak-r them to P.ath, 




LIGHT INFANTRY, COMl'ANV 



153 



Me., to (lispdSf of. .Ml thcv had to 
fear were .American privateer,s,aml they 
liired Captain Samuel Blythe of H. B. 
M. brig Boxer to convey them to the 
Kennebec River. It was agreed that 
when they were about to enter the 
mouth of the river, two or three guns 
should be fired over them, to have the 
appearance of trying to stop them 
should any idle people he looking on. 

Lieutenant \\'illiam Burroughs of 
the U. S. brig Enterprise lay in Port- 
land Harbor, and hearing the guns, got 
under way, and, as is well known, cap- 
tured the Boxer after a severe engage- 
ment which lasted forty minutes, in 
which both commanders were killed, 
and three days later, Sept. 8th (1813), 
were buried at Portland in the same 
grave with military honors. Tappan, 
after disposing of the cargo of the 
Margaretta, went to Boston, and after 
a few years removed to Washington, 
D. C, where, in 1874. he (lie<l, aged 90 
\-ears and 8 months, the last of the 




original members of the Worcester 
Light Infantry. 

I""or one hundred years, the 6th day 
of Jnne when it did not fall upon Sun- 
day, or when the companies were not 
engaged in actual service, has been set 
apart l)y both organizations to cele- 
brate the anniversary of their birth. 
And it is most fitting that after the 
lapse of one hundred years these twin 
companies, the F'ortland and the W'or- 
cester Light Infantry, should celebrate 
their natal day together. 

We are here for that purpose to- 
night, to keep the record unbroken, 
anil give inspiration to those who. in 
the years to come, shall comprise their 
membership. For we feel assured that 
these two organizations, that have sur- 
mounted all obstacles for one hundred 
years, are too deeply imbedded in the 
liearts of the people of Portland and 
Worcester to ever die out. Their ex- 
istence must be perennial. 

When the Worcester Light Infantry 
was organized in the town of Worces- 
ter in 1803, it was the aim of the citi- 
zens to ele\-ate to a higher standard 
the militia of the State, to bring about 
uniformity of (dress, equipment and 
efificiency of discipline, and to establish 
an independent volunteer militia. 

This was accomplished, and soon 
after a ritle company and a cavalry one 
were added to Worcester's military 
force. '["hese conunands flourished 
until a change in the laws in relation to 
the militia was brought about by 
|uil)lic sentiment being ad\-erse to the 
expense ( wdiich was considered a use- 
less one), and as a result, about 1834. a 
majoritv of the State militia were dis- 
lianded by general orders. 

Bui the Worcester Light Infantry 
escaped annihilation, and held on 
through all the opposition that was 
lirought to bear upon it. And it is a 
matter of i:)ride to us that to-day — with 
a record of one hundred years behind it 
— it stands among the first wdio in every 
emergencN' have entered the field of 
active service whenever and wherever 
the need came, and has been either as a 
company or by representation in every 
war of the I'nited States since its for- 
mation. 



154 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



On August 4th. 1807, the Company, 
under the command of Captain En<:ich 
Flagg, voted its services at a moment's 
notice to James Sulhvan, then Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts, but were not 
needed at that time. \\'ar with Eng- 
land, however, was only ])ostponed, 
not averted, and on September 14th, 
1814, the Worcester Light Infantry 
was ordered by Governor Caleb Strong 
to Boston to repel British invasion. 

In 1846 the Company voted its ser- 
\-ices to Governor George N. Briggs 
for the Alexican War, but the quota of 
troops from Massachusetts being full, 
it was not ordered to report. 

On the evening of Ajiril iTith, 1861, 
the members of the Worcester Light 
Infantry had assenililed fur drill at 
their Armory in Horticultural Hall, 
wdien. between ten and ele\-en d'clock. 
Colonel John W. Wetherell df Gov- 
ernor Andrew^ staff appeared with 
verbal orders (fur Captain Harrison W. 
Pratt) calling nut the Company for 
active duty, and to re|)ort at the State 
House. Boston, forthwith. 

The order was received with cheers. 
.Absent members were notified, and in 
si.x hours every member had assembled 
for duty. It was the first company to 
leave the city, and a part nf the "( )ld 
Si.xth" Regiment, the first i<> leave the 
State, and in passing through Balti- 
more, Md., A\n-\\ 19th, 1861, on its way 
to Washington, D. C, the first blood 
(if the Civii War was shed. 

,\ever can I forget the enthusiasm 
of tlie ])eoplr of our cit\ when upon 
Saturday. August 3. 18O1, the Light 
Infantry had relurnecl to its home, 
with honor imtarni^hed, and the jiroud 
assurance that had its response to our 
countr_\-'s call been less ready, or the 
arrival of the 6th Regiment (of which 
it formed a pari) been delayeil twelve 
hours, the c;ii)ilal would ha\e been in 
the hands of the enemy. 

Right well did the Comjiany deserve 
the royal welcome given it in behalf of 
the city liy it^ honored .Mayor, Col. 
Isaac Uavis, who. at one time, was an 
active member of the Worcester Light 
Infantry, and always its friend. 

.\fter tlie return to Massachusetts 
.•md muster-o'.U of the "I >ld Si.xth," 



other companies were recruited by offi- 
cers and privates of the Light Infantry 
who had received commissions to raise 
them : ( )ne coiu])any for the 25th 
Mass. \'ols. in 1861; one company for 
the 34tl« Regt., 1861 ; one company for 
the 42d Regt. in 1862: one company 
for the 51st Regt. in 1862; and one for 
the 42(1 Regt. in iSfu- 

.\11 these com]3anies. until mustered 
out l)v e-xpiration (if term of service, 
gave the Worcester Light Infantry a 
record of furnishing more than 600 
ofiicers and men for the armies of the 
United States in the Civil War. 

On May 3d, 1898. the entire State 
militia of our city was again called into 
aeti\e ser\-ice in the Spanish-American 
War: the Emmet Guards being as- 
signed to the yth Regiment (after- 
wards called the Bloody Ninth), Bat- 
ter\- B for coast defenses, and the City 
( luards, Wellington Rifles and Wor- 
cester Light Infantry as a part of the 
3d Battalion. 2d Regiment. Mass. \'ol. 




LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



155 



Militia, coiiiniamled ijy Alajor H. B. 
Fairbanks, a former captain of the 
\\'orcester Lia:lit Infantry. 

The prosperity of the Worcester 
Light Infantry has depended upon not 
only its founders, but upon every offi- 
cer and member that has been enrolled 
since its organization, but especiallx' 
upon the first three commissioned otfi- 
cers : Levi Thaxter. captain ; Enoch 
Flagg. first lieutenant, and Levi Lin- 
coln, ensign. These officers were all 
living more than half a century after 
the Company was formed. 

Captain George F. Peck, who is with 
us to-night, commanded the Company 
in 1855, and sent invitations to these 
officers to attend the fifty-second an- 
niversary. Neither of them was able 
to accept, but all sent acknowledg- 
ment and regrets. 

Ensign Levi Lincoln lived sixty-five 
vears after the Compan}- was formed. 




never losing his interest in it. but al- 
ways having a word of cheer, and an 
open house, for all who comprised its 
membership. 

Ensign Lincoln had a notable career. 
He was Governor of the Common- 
wealth nine years, from 1825 to 1834, 
and it was his distinguished honor to 
preside when. June 16th, 1825. the 
Legislature recei\'ed General Lafay- 
ette, and also to represent the State on 
the following day. when the corner- 
stone was laid of the numument on 
Bunker Hill. He was six years in 
Congress, collector of the port of Bos- 
ton, President of the State Senate, and 
in 1848 the first Mayor of our city. 
And the name of Lincoln has been on 
the Company rcill from its inception to 
the present time. 

Three brothers were enrolled in it : 
Enoch Lincoln, who was afterwards 
Governor of Maine; William Lincoln, 
the historian, and John \V. Lincoln, 
who commanded the Company from 
1812 to 1816, during the last war with 
England. He held several town offices, 
ami was high sheriff of the county. 

William S. Lincoln, a son of Levi, 
commanded the Company from 1832 
to 1834. He was Colonel of the 34th 
Regiment. ^lass. Vols., in the Civil 
War. and was breveted general. 

Daniel Waldo Lincoln, a brother of 
William S.. commanded the Company 
frdni 1838 to 1841. He was .Mayor of 
our city in 1863 and '64. 

Another brother, George Lincoln. 
was a mem1)er at one time, and after- 
wards ranked as captain in the regular 
army. He was killed at the Battle of 
Bueiia \ista in Mexico while rallying 
an Indiana regiment that had stam- 
peded. His body was brought to Wor- 
cester, and buried with military honors 
bv the Worcester Light Infantry, who 
\ohmteered for that duty. 

William Lincoln, a son of William 
S.. was a member of the Company in 
1861. and served with it in the Old 
.Sixth Regiment. 

Levi Lincoln. Jr.. also a son of Wil- 
liam S.. commanded the Company from 
1875 to 1877. 

\Vinslow S. Lincoln, youngest son 
of William S., commanded the Com- 



156 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



])any from 1880 to 1883. He served in 
the Spanish-American War of 1898 as 
a captain in the regnlar army. He was 
a member of onr Veteran Association, 
and was with us two years ago at our 
ninety-eiglith anniversary. 

Pelham W. Lincoln, a prrandson of 
Ensign Levi, is an active meml:)er to- 
day, and served with the Company as 
corporal in the campaign of 1898. 

We are proud of the Lincoln record, 
and doubt if it can be equaled by any 
other military company where so many 
members of one family, even to the 
fourth generation, have been enrolled 
in its ranks. 

All told, there have been forty-four 
commanders of the Worcester Light 
Infantry from 1803 to the present 
time, all but four of whom I have ]5er- 
sonally known. 

1 well remember the Company in 
my boyhood days. It was the banner 
company then. It had one rival in the 
Holden Grenadiers. The annual mus- 
ter alwavs ended with a sham battle, 
and when the two com])anies were on 
the same side they invariably carried 
all before them; but when, as some- 
times happened, they opposed each 
other, it was actual war. 

If time permitted, many other 
events in the history of the Company 
since mv day might be related, but it 
needs no eulogy other than the record 
it has made for itself in the ])ast, and 
is still making to-day, as a military 
organization. 

All honor tn those who first made 
up the rank and file of the Worcester 
Light Infantry. And to-night my 
heart goes out to those members with 
whom T was associated sixty and more 
vears ago, of wlinni but \vw are li\ing. 
The memiirv (if llie uld days and the 
friendships formed then have nut 
faded, but grown brighter with the 
flight of years. In this busy life of 
ours where ordinarily one's own affairs 
make up its circuit, is it not well that 
there are days so imbedded in our 
hearts, so marked by great events, 
that they seem a part of ourselves? 
Such a one is the birthday of the Port- 
land and the Worcester Light In- 
fant rv. 



"If stores of dry and learned love we gain. 
We keep them in the memory of the brain: 
Names, things and facts, whate'er we l<nowI- 

edge call — 
There is the common ledger for them all. 
And images on this cold surface traced 
Make slight impression and are soon etTaced. 
But we've a page, more glowing and more 

bright. 
On which our friendship and our love we 

write: 
That these may never from the soul depart, 
We trust them to the memory of the heart — 
There is no dimming, no effacement there: 
Each new pulsation keeps the record clear. 
Warm golden letters all the tablet fill. 
Nor lose their lustre till the heart stands still.'' 




LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY C. 



157 



Roster ok the Worcester Lic.ht 
Infantry at the Co.vu'axy's Cen- 
tennial. 

Captain. Pliinoas L. Riiler. 
First Lieut., Frederick M. Clark, Jr. 
Second Lieut., Herbert H. Warren. 
First Sergt., William Stevenson. 
Q. M. Sergt., Lewis M. McCallum. 
Sergt., George W. Stebbins. 
Sergt., James C. Stevenson. 
Sergt., Frank .\. Springer. 
Sergt., Roland Johnson. 
Corp., George S. Farrow. 
Corp., Harry L. Hastings. 
Corp., Edward J. Martin. 
Corp., Leonard W. Russell. 
Corp., Howard K. Hobbs. 
Corp.. Charles A. Peterson. 
Musician, William L Whiting. 



John F. .\nderson, 
Percival R. Bowers, 
Charles T. Buckman, 
Harris M. Crandall, 
Clarence T. Davis, 
Frank E. Dodge, 
Karl H. Dodge, 
William C. Deacon, 
George J. Drabble, 
Henry A. Falardeau. 
Leo C. Falardeau. 
Frank L. Fisher, 
Leroy J. Flint, 
George W. Grant, 
Harry H. Greene, 
John Hall, 
Fred'k A. Harford, 
Mahlon E, Havener, 
Melvin A. Henson, 
Walter R. Hewett, 
Charles E. Holton. 
John L Hoyt. 
Gilbert S. Jackson, 



Fred Kingdon, 
Wni. H. McCorniick. 
Wm. R. McKenzie, 
.■\rthur S. Morse, 
Charles E, Merrill, 
George W. Munger, 
Wm. L Needham. 
Eli F. Nichols, 
(jilcs S. Pease, 
lulmund J. Power, 
Herbert C. Putnam, 
Howard W. Robbins, 
Robert L Rose. 
Wm. H. Sampson, 
Henri .\. Scott, 
Roscoe H. Shedd, 
Thomas S. Shedd, 
Eugene L. Tinkham, 
Arthur J. Wallace, 
Ralph W. Ward. 
James C. Whittle, 
Henrv E. Wheeler. 




158 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 






First Lieut. Kdwaku 11. Fish. Second I.iei't. Hakkv T. C, 

WELLINGTON RIFLES COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 



LIGHT INFANTRY, COMPANY 



15l» 



Worcester in the Spanish War. 

WELLINGTON RIFLKS, COMPANY H, 2D RKGT., M.V.M. 




ORCESTER'S third Coni- 
AX/^ ])any in the Second Kegi- 
^ ' nient was the Wellington 

RiHes, scheduled as "H" in 
the regimental list. In 1894, 
owing to the disbandment 
of certain organizations 
elsewhere and the growth 
of the city, it became evi- 
dent that Worcester was en- 
titled to one more company 
of infantry. Receiving the 
hearty approval of the militia officers 
in Worcester, measures were taken to 
realize the advantage thus oft'ered. 
The first move was made April 17th: 
the next day recruiting began, and, on 
the 24th, a roll of fifty-eight names was 
submitted to the Mayor and Aldermen 
for approval, and after receiving their 
endorsement was, on the 25th. filed 
with Governor F. T. Greenhalge. On 
Sunday, the 29th of the month, Ed- 
ward B. Fish, whose name headed the 
list, was notified by the Adjutant-gen- 
eral that all the petitioners should be 
at the .\rmory for inspection the fol- 
lowing evening. Colonel Fred. W. 
Wellington, a member of the Govern- 
or's staff, was the officer assigned to 
the duty of examining the would-be 
soldiers. His report being favorable, 
company formation proceeded, and the 
evening of May 2d saw its official be- 
ginning, for then, in the presence of 
Colonel E. 1'. Clark and others, fifty- 
six men were mustered into the ser- 
vice of the Commonwealth. The same 
evening officers were elected as fol- 
lows: Captain, Charles E. Burbank : 
First Lieutenant, Walter E. Hassam ; 
Second Lieutenant, Wright S. Prior. 
This was an excellent beginning, for 
all these men had received more or less 



military instruction, the Captain hav- 
ing been one year at ^Vest I'oint, while 
the lieutenants were graduates of Ver- 
mont's Norwich University, a military 
institution, whence Admiral George 
Dewey went to the Naval Academy at 
Anna])olis. Two days later came the 
first clrill of the Company. The organ- 
ization was very near its fourth anni- 
versary when the alarm of war added 
zest to the hitherto ])eaceful career of 
men who up to that time had experi- 
enced nothing more severe than their 
initiation into camp life at Framing- 
ham. The name by which the Com- 
pany is known is a tribute to tieneral 
Fred. \\'. Wellington, long and favor- 
ably known for his services in tlie mili- 
tia of Massachusetts. 

As with the other companies, the 
first meeting after the issuing of the 
Governor's proclamation was at the 
.Armory on the evening of the 29th. 
and it proved a crucial moment in the 
lives of these young men. Soldiering 
for play and soldiering for business 
were so very different that an earnest 
and vigorous presentation of the situa- 
tion was made by several of the mem- 
bers ; particularly. Lieutenant Fish as- 
sured them that they were entering on 
no picnic excursion ; this to contra- 
dict an impression which in some way 
had received credence that the affair 
would result in a few. months' sojourn 
at Niantic or some other seaside lo- 
cality, thus proving a red-letter holi- 
day season, a prolonged outing, as it 
were. The Armory itself was crowded 
with a throng of visitors, all anxious 
to further the cause or to satisfv a nat- 
ural curiosity to see how the men en- 
dured the ordeal. 



160 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 







= .- 5 E 8 












\VELLI\GTO\ RIFLES, CUMI'.WY 



161 



Captain [Inldcn early |)r(iL-lainie(l his 
desire to recruit men, not "boys." for 
the exactions made demanded settled 
convictions and firm determination. 
Had the question been one of the Com- 
pany's going as a whole, there would 
have been no hanging back, but the in- 
dividual examination and the possible 
rejection of many put a new view upon 
the entire matter. Out of a member- 
ship of sixty, forty-one voted, two were 
ciut nf the cit_\-, and one was unac- 
ciiiuited for; the others were ])resent 
and did not vote, evidentlv re(|uiring 
more time for deliberation. Saturday 
and Sunday were busy days, particu- 
larly the latter, for the Armory was a 
market-place for patriotic voung men 
who desired to serve their country in 
the field. They came in great num- 
bers to talk the matter over, and many 
of them enlisted. Monday was an an- 
niversary in a triple sense to Company 
H. for not only was it "H's" birthday, 
but it was that of Captain HoIden,and 
the anniversary of his wedding-day as 
well : yet so enrapt were all in the 
passing trial, it was deemed best to 
omit entirely all recognition of these 
events. It was, however, a day of 
preparation, for on the morrow there 
was to be the transferral to Framing- 
ham as the first step in the campaign. 

It was under rainy skies that the 
men gathered at the Armory on the 
3d for their final assembly, and, with 
their comrades of the other companies, 
heard the words of prayer and farewell 
by clergyman and Mayor. For an 
hour Major Fairbanks had been put- 
ting the recruits through a course of 
facings and step which brought about 
something of order in their march to 
the station, for the majority of them 
had come intci the Company wholly 
ignorant of the military art, having, 
however, youth and patriotism, with- 
out which good soldiers cannot be 
made. In the formation of the line for 
marching to the station, the "Welling- 
tons" were second, being preceded by 
Company A, the City Guards. 
Wherever '"A" and "C" went there 
also marched "H," and the route of the 
Guards and the Light Infantry is 
already in print. There was, how- 



e\'er. to the indi\idual his pcrsdual 
part. Among the thousands who 
thronged the sidewalks some face, 
some word were for him alone. Til! 
that moment he had never realized tlie 
real meaning of marching in uniform, 
with his feet keeping time to the music 
so often heard before, but never sound- 
ing as it did then. .Sombre skies and 
saddened strains were not calculated 
to bring joy to his lieart nor smiles to 
his face. 

Xor were the behtilders any nicire 
jubilant than the participants, for their 
sons and brothers were in the ranks. 
As the line files into Front Street from 
Main, after the review l)y the Mavor, 
one mother, unable to longer control 
her feelings, rushes through the 
crowds of people standing by and 
grasping the hand of her boy ex- 
claims : "God bless you and all the 
boys," a prayer quite in keeping with 
the wishes of every one. \\'hen the 
companies were entering the station, 
passing through the lines of the Grand 
Army, a lady prayed audibly, "May 
the blessings of God rest upon you all 
the time you are away from your 
homes, and may He bring you back 
safely to your friends and families." 
Some inconsiderate persons tried to 
stop her, but she still prayed on ; the 
boys passed by her with uncovered 
heads, and a fervent "amen" followed 
the close of her petition. Such scenes 
and words accompanied the soldiers 
right up to and into the cars, and even 
when seated therein, through an open 
window a mother passed her ten 
months' old boy, that he might receive 
his father's farewell kiss, and as the 
latter passed the precious burden back 
he exclaimed, "May God care for both 
of you." .Such scenes as these make 
one wonder whether soldiering ought 
not to be confined to those who have 
not assumed the duties of husband and 
father. 

These men who took the train for 
Framingham as would-be soldiers in 
Compan}- H were those whose names 
follow, apparently in the order of 
their signatures in the enlistment 
book: 



162 



WORCESTER 1\ THE SPANISH WAR. 



Captain, Charles S. Holden. 
First Lieut., Edward B. Fisli, 
Second Lieut., Harry T. Gray, 
First Sergt., Charles E. Monroe, 
Sergeant, Harry C. Young, 
Sergeant, Clarence E. Smith, 
Sergeant, Dexter E. Brigham, 
Sergeant. Fred. B. Jordan, 
Corporal. Frank L. Vaughn. 
Corporal, Marvin F. .^mes. 
Corporal, Joseph L. King. 

Dana A. Bryant 
Henry W. Miric 
Chas. F. Parker 



Harry C. Aniell, 
Herbert A. Coates 
Arthur \V. Gould, 
Everett H. Green, 
Charles M, Haye, 
Fabian H. Hakans 
Walter F. Hooker 
Louie S. Jones, 
William H. King. 
Albert F. Love, 
Harvey N. Mills. 
Edgar H. Norton. 
Fred W. Taft, 
John C. Ware, 
Leaver Whittakcr, 
Willard O. Bachel 



J>-. 



Wm. S. Smith, Jr.. 
Harry Walsh, 
Charles Smith, 
George Mills. 
Walter G. Adams, 
Albert B. Scott, 
.A.rchie L. Purinton, 
Albert W. Pratt. 
F. E. Colesworthy. 
Joseph T. Lindsey. 
Wilfred A. Baudetl, 
Albert E. Newton, 
Charles J. Flint. 



Willis Gleason. 
Wilson .Allen. 
Earle E. Clark. 
Charles P. Hulibard. 
Herbert J. McCntcheon. 
.Arthur F. Paradis, 
G. Warren Hodgins. 
Silas Undergrave. 
Charles E. Lovejoy, 
Jerciniah W. King, 
Alston D. Kimball, 
Everett W. Lawrence. 
Fred. R. Hinckel. 
Herbert E. Lego, 
George A. Reed, 
Harvey Randall, 



Charles W. Sleeper, 
William Green, 
Franz H. Krebs. Jr.. 
William H. Stiles. 
George 1.. Shedd. 
Clarence E. Cook. 
Harry H. Devlin, 
Abel E. Whitakei-. 
Henry A. Mower, 
Joseph S. Gendr.in, 
C. W. Thompsnu, 
William MacC. B<<\u 
Charles E. Buck. 
.-\llic L. Farmer. 
Frank M. Hill. 



( )f the M'\ eiity-fcnir in nunihrr. 
thirtN'-one are rccniil>. while m llu- 
Company ])rci])ri- niarclinl fifteen nun 
who were nriolnal charter nieniher>. 
viz.. Captain Hohlen, Lietitenants Fish 
and Grav. Ser.iieanis Monroe. Smith. 
\'.iini-. i'.rinhani. Jnrdan and \'an,i;Jin. 
(nrporals .\nu'> and Joseph L. Kin.L;'. 
I'rivates i'tuinlon, jnnes. Hill .and 
Slower. 



f: 



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rill', -w i;i.i.i.\<.i. 



, 1 CA-Mi' 111.'.'. 1. 



WELLINGTON' RIFLES, COMI■A\^■ II. 



1G3 



Framiny;hani presented nnl\' a con- 
tinuation of the unfavorable weather 
through which the march to Camp 
Dewey was made and where tent-life 
began. It was a cold greeting that the 
boys had. and their patriotic impulses 
had a severe wrench, but the}' proved 
equal to the strain. Wednesday, the 
4th, saw the arrival of the yth Regi- 
ment, including the Emmet Guards 
from Worcester, and great quantities 
of wood were brought into the camp 
for the purpose of building fires in the 
several Company streets for the com- 
fort of the men. Thus early were the}' 
introduced to real campfires, about 
which, up to that time, they had re- 
ceived only the glowing impressions 
from stories toUl by relatives who had 
passed through the trying times dur- 
ing the Rebellion, and in whose narra- 
tions there were none of the shivers 
which now coursed up and down the 
spinal columns of these late recruits 
to L'ncle Sam's defenders. Thursdav 
took Captain Holden to ^^'orcester for 
recruits, since the medical examina- 
tion had made sad havoc in the ranks 
of the "Wellingtons." and general won- 
derment set in over the unhealthy 
state in which thev had been doing 
business up to the date of their fall- 
ing under the observation of these 
argus-eyed surgeons. Not onlv re- 
cruits but also men who had served a 
long time were dropped. twenl_\-hve in 
all being thus rejected. 

Evidently the government was not 
intending to take on possil)le addilions 
to the pension rolls, if weeding out 
weaklings could prevent. Howe\'er. on 
subsequent examinations many of the 
men at first rejected were accepted. 
Regular police duty starts this day, 
the 8th Regiment arrives, and a rainy 
evening renders the big camp-fire all 
the more agreeable to those who seek 
its consolations. The daily or nightly 
fire in the Com]5an_\' streets became a 
prominent feature of camp life and. 
naturally, rivalry arose as to who 
should have the highest pile and the 
most brilliant flame. It was through 
ambition in this direction that a lad in 
another company fell from his tower- 
ing cobpile of four-foot wood, and on 



account of his ciinse(|uent broken leg 
failed to acconipany his comrades to 
Cul)a. 

The first detail for guard duty from 
the "Wellingtons" conies on the 6th. 
and includes H. A. Coates. C. M. Have. 
F. H. Hakanson. .\. W. Pratt. .\.'E. 
Xewton and W. ( ). Uachelor. the la-t 
three being for brigade duty. The 
number of men in the Company is 
fifty-eight, and drills are in evidence; 
also the rain, which, like the poor, 
seems ever jn'esent. The 6th Regiment 
appears in camp for the first time. 
Queer items crop out at the examina- 
tions and enlistments. When G. W. 
Hodgins was asked the name of his 
nearest friend or that of the person to 
be notified of his death or illness, he 
replied that that was a very reasonable 
question, for he had no expectation of 
returning. C)f course light was made 
of his a]5]irchensions, Init the soldier's 
jiremonitions were correct, since he 
died on his wa\- home and his body re- 
cei\ed ocean Inirial. The week ended 
with the rece])tion of twenty-two re- 
cruits, of whom twenty passed the 
physical examination, so closelv had 
the CajJtain looked o\'er the array of 
militant humanit}' in his (|uest for ad- 
ditions lo his Conipanw 

."sunda}-, the 8th, beheld the first re- 
ligious ser\ices, these being iield in the 
mess-hall, and Cliaplain Wellwood 
[ireached. It was a cold, blustering 
day. and (.'x ery one had a hard time to 
maintain an \ thing like bodily comfort. 
Company l\ was the first to be mus- 
tered into the L'nited States service, 
and the other companies are anxiously 
awaiting their turn. Cai)tain Holden 
of the "Wellingtons" is ( )fficer-of-the- 
day. The (jth day of May was the 
one on which, just in the edge of the 
evening. Company H took the oath of 
fidelity to the government, no one ac- 
cepting Lieutenant Weaver's proffered 
opportunity to step out, if he preferred 
that course to taking the obligations. 
The boys had traveled too far to back 
out then. There is very little glamour 
in this cam]3-fire. for. aside from the 
bugles and a single drum corps, there 
is no music. All the melodious ac- 
companiments of annual weeks in camp 



164 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



I 


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\\. E. Hassam. 
ONrMISSKi.NEI) 



Second Lieut. W. S. Prior 
)FI-ICERS, COMPANY H, iSg4. 



ari' oniittcil in tliis assemblage for 
actual war. Tlicrc arc visits from 
friends, and the men themselves obtain 
l)a.<ses liiinie. hut. for the most part, 
there is little to interfere with drill and 
guard dtity. A good half inch of ice 
greets the early risers on the loth, 
rather a sorr}- prelude to their early de- 
parture for Floridian heat, and Gov- 
ernor Wolcott, with a portion of his 
staff, visits the camp. .\s an offset to 
the cold, tile tent of Captain I'ierce of 



(ireenfield catches fire, through the ex- 
plosion of a lamp, and for a time ex- 
citement reigns, though no great dam- 
age was done, except to the Captain's 
mattress. A fire will always gather a 
crowd in peace or war. The nth 
brings Worcester's Mayor and a large 
arrav of visitors from the Heart of the 
Commonwealth. Also the day is sig- 
nificant in that government rations are 
gi\-en out for the first time. To many, 
the (lav was memorable on account of 



WELLIXGTOX RIFLES, COMPAXV II. 



certain liquid and nicotine gifts made 
to the Company by a Boston friend, 
liberal in quantity and quality. The 
air is full of rumors of departure, and 
one exceedingly nervous individual, "a 
regular holy jumper," one comrade 
calls him. actually fainted when he 
learned that the regiment was ordered 
away. It was in one of the waiting 
evenings that a bright kid from South 
Framingham made his appearance and 
sang so melodiously that when the 
hat was passed, he secured nearly 
seven dollars from the generous listen- 
ers. A light heart and a free hand 
were ever soldierly characteristics. 

The nth of May burned itself deep 
into the minds of the men. for during 
its hours they had seen the Governor of 
the Commonwealth as the central fig- 
ure in a hollow square, formed by the 
regiment, whence he delivered to the 
officers their respective commissions, 
and gave to all the men a word of fare- 
well. Always inspiring and impressive. 
Roger Wolcott was never more so than 
when he said "good bye" to the Second 
Massachusetts Infantry, U. S. Vol- 
unteers, for that is the name devoted 
to the erstwhile Second ]\I. V. AI. It 
is after 5 p.m. when the line of march 
is taken for the station in South Fra- 
mingham, and every step of the short 
trip is watched by thousands of spec- 
tators. By the side of a smooth-faced 
private of "H" Company marches a 
middle-aged man wearing the bronze 
button of the Grand Army. He is the 
father of the newly enlisted soldier, 
and his heart is sore at the emergency 
which takes his only child from him. 
The proud young soldier had come 
back to ^\'orcester from a good situa- 
tion in New York city, when the dec- 
laration of war -was heard, and almost 
paralyzed his parents by the statement 
that he had come home to enlist. 
"\\'h\% Allie," says the father, "we can"t 
let you go. You are all we have : you 
know that your brother Frank is in 
his grave, and it isn't fair to take all 
that your mother and I have." But 
to this the boy replies, "How manv 
times have you told me of your enlist- 
ing when you were a boy of sixteen 
and \-our mother was a widow. How 



\ou teased your mother till she. in her 
l(jneliness. consented, and when vou 
marched away in the 36th Massachu- 
setts Volunteers grandma walked all 
the way from camp to the station keep- 
ing her eye on you only. She gave her 
consent, and it is only fair for you to 
do the same now." "Oh. well," and the 
reply is wrung from the father's heart, 
"if you put it that way I suppose I 
shall have to consent." So Allie en- 
listed and his father is keeping step 
with him to-day for the last time in 
their lives, since, when next they meet 
it will be in the fever-stricken wards of 
Montauk. where the glazed eyes of the 
dying boy hardly recognize the loving 
father as he. in his agony, sees hisonlv 
son going out into the unknown, an- 
other victim to the perils of war. But 
to-day they heed very little the com- 
ments of beholders, who cannot help 
seeing the unusual sight, and the lunch 
prepared by the mother in her Wor- 
cester home is carried away by her boy ; 
and, as the section bearing the Com- 
pany moves off. some one remarks a 
soldier's hand extended from a car- 
window and upon it a father's lips 
linger as they press a farewell kiss. 
The lighted torch was thus passed 
along. Everywhere the stories of deeds 
in Rebellion days bore similar fruit. 

Bonfires light the way as the regi- 
ment in two sections ])roceeds south- 
ward to Xcwport.and it is nearlv mid- 
night when, on the steamer I'hinoulh. 
the solcHer hoys steam out into the 
Sound on their way to Xew York, 
where they find themselves at 8 o'clock 
on the morning of the 13th. Manv in 
the party are getting eye-openers as 
to the magnitude of the world and 
the possibilities of sound, for steam 
whistles salute them as they round into 
the steamer's station. They are soon 
transferred to the Saratoga, a steamer 
said to have been the ver}- last Amer- 
ican craft to leave the harbor of Ha- 
vana, and it is expected that the trip 
southward will be made in her. not en- 
tirely a pleasing prospect, for the 
depths of her hold are not only hot. 
they are filthy. However, there are good 
times for some of the party, since Major 
I'airbanks is speedily taken away bv 



166 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




T. W. S. I'RT,.R. SeCOM, I.lEl-T. E. B. F 

( OMMISSIDNED Dl'EICERS. CnMI'AXY H. 1896. 



his imroiits t< j hrfaklast. and Captain llirrw t.. thcni all Mirts nt fruit and. by 
Holdcn. with rri\ates j. W. and j. L. means of an improvised trolley, man- 
Kinj.;:. are carried nil t'dr a similar jnir- aij^ed to send over flasks of fire-water. 



j)ose l)y relatives ;ind sclnMilmal 
When I.it'utenant-C(il(inel .shunnvay 
and twii I if his captains wtnt aslmre 
they were met hy W . < ). t'luys. a (i 
A. R. man, whn insisted 1 in dinint; 
them: nur wtTe the men almard tlu 
transi>iirt wholly ne,L;lecteil. for th 



thus enahlius thirsty soldiers to more 
e;isil\ while awa}' the Incurs. Water is 
scarce, makin.i^' other liipiids all the 
more acceptable. One side of an epi- 
sode is told by '"H" men with great 
ij-lee, to the effect that in the afternoon 
a man came near the .Saratoga in a 



crowds ashore in their enthusiasm rowboat asking for Lieutenant Green 



WErj.ixr.Tox rifles, comtaw ii. 



1G7 



(if the 71st X\'\v \'iirk, savins;- thai he- 
had a package for him. To tlie.se mtju- 
ish fellows it seemed nothing' amiss 
to [)roclaim themselves friends of the 
Lieutenant and their willini^ness to de- 
liver the packag'e as directed. They 
took good care of the package, which 
abounded in the best of cigars and to- 
bacco, but just how Lieutenant (Ireen 
regarded the ruse no chronicler has 
told. At nightfall the transport moved 
up the stream to the vicinity of the 
statue of Liberty Enlightening the 
\\'orld and there awaited the nKirniiig. 
There was no regret when it was 
learned that the trip southward was to 
be continued by rail, and there was joy 
instead of grief when from Jersey City, 
in three sections, each man having a 
seat to himself, the Second V. S. \'ol- 
unteers starter for Dixie, leaving, it 
is said, disconsolate two self-styled 
Massachusetts girls, who proclaimed 
their willingness to kiss the whole 
regiment. ( )ur boys never knew how 
it happened, Init they 'steamed away, 
leaving the 71st New York in their 
cars, where they had been for a large 
])art of the da\'. The Second came to 
the landing late, l)oarded the cars at 
once and started. Again the last were 
f^rst. 

As often hajijiens when armies 
move, there is lacking of food, and 
stomachs are calling loudly long before 
sandwiches and cotTee appear, and one 
clamorous fellow shouts: "Do they 
think cigarettes and newspapers proper 
food for starving soldiers?" The ver- 
satility of the men of the Second is evi- 
dent in the pulling of an aching tooth 
by a dentist officer, the painting of a 
letter box and the lettering of the car 
by a private with deftness of brush. 
The eyes of the soldiers are sealed as 
they pass through historic scenes, and 
it is early morning when their trains 
draw into Washington and they have 
a chance to stretch their legs and, 
in the hardby troughs prepared for 
watering stock, perform their ablu- 
tions, an opportunity that they are not 
slow to improve. It is a merry hour 
for the boys and a busy one for huck- 
sters of ail kinds, for these travelers 
are hungry; it is near breakfast time. 



an<l if \'ankee tricks are occasionally 
played on the people who have goods 
to sell, it is simplv doing just as the 
fathers did more than a generation 
before. 

livery mile nf the lri]i (in the 15th 
was ()\er ;ni(l thr(ni;.;li classic t(.'rritory, 
for from the L(.ng I '.ridge in Washing- 
ton till the night absorbed them in the 
Carolinas, they were |)assing over soil 
on which soldiers of the Revolution 
had struggled and later ones of Re- 
bellion days had fought for four years, 
testing whether the republic should 
live, ('"ortunately (.dlonel Clark, Lieu- 
tenant-colonel Shunnvay and ^[ajor 
W'hipi^le had been ])artici])ants in the 
later war, and they were able and will- 
ing to point out the interesting points 
as the trains sped along. Naturally 
they had most interested auditors 
whenever they chose to instrucl. Still 
it must be remembered that these 
voung men were not out on a strictly 
iiistorical excursion except as they 
were themselves makers of history, so 
it must not be wondered at it the fun 
and frolic incident to the congregating 
of several hundred men with the 
major part of their lives before them 
had their full course. For instance, 
when a hea\'\- grade developed the fact 
that the train was too much for one 
engine and, through the doubling up 
necessary, the 3d I'.attalion's train was 
stalled for an hour, what more natural 
than that the boys should go swim- 
ming, jiarticularly as the day was 
warni and Old Potomac close at hand? 
Then, was there ever a boy who could 
forego the opportunity to make uncom- 
fortable the fellow whom they caught 
disrobed? In this case, though ("■ — r 
did not find his \miform on the banks 
where he deposited it. he did find it 
nicelv jireserxed for him on the train, 
while the "bare" show of which he 
was the principal ])erformer was ex- 
tremely edifying to the beholders, and 
when, later, the same active fellow had 
a side-hill skirmish line all to himself, 
he drew applause that was deafening. 

The stops for engine needs were oc- 
casions of great enjoyment to all the 
men. who were on hand to greet the 
pojnilace, which seemed able to rally 



168 



WORCESTER IN THE SrANlSH WAR. 



in great numbers from the most 
sparsely settled regions, and, black or 
white, particularly if of the gentler 
sex, they were the i>lijects nf cawilier 
attention by the lads in blue. I'ldwers 
of e\-ery description were la\ishe<l 
upon the l)0}'s, roses by the barrel 
found their way on board the train, and 
some of the soldiers for weeks after- 
ward had their hands full answering 
letters that came pouring in through 
the souvenir hardtack which, bearing 
their names and addresses, they had 
given to the girls along the wa)-. Again 
these bcn's of a later date were only 
repeating what their fathers did nearly 
forty years before. As the journey 
progresses southward, the soldiers 
note a gradual increase in temperature 
and a decided lengthening of the 
snouts of swine, which everywhere in 
the South ai)parently run at large, till 
they, with that sense of the fitness of 
things characteristic of Massachusetts 



people, denominate them "ant-eaters," 
a name whose appropriateness no one 
who has seen a southern "razor-back" 
will question for one moment. Some 
specimens were caught and taken 
ailing, and it is on record that Ca|3tain 
11. (if the "Wellingtons" ran dnwn 
cine I if the swiftest of the porcine 
racers and carried him aboard, but his 
tender heart relenting, piggy was re- 
leased before the train started. 

At Rocky ]\Iount, North Carolina, 
there was a pleasing episode in the ap- 
pearance of Annie Tillery, a jniss of 
twelve summers, who in a graceful 
manner presenteil the headquarters 
officers with a beautiful bouquet of 
flowers, with her best wishes for the 
success (if "the soldiers of Massachu- 
setts." ( )utside there was a large dele- 
gation of citizens carrying a flag and 
making the welkin ring with cheers 
for the Old Bay State and the Second 
Regiment. However, the cheers of the 




NllN CD^MMISSKlXI'.II 



w. !•:. i-:.iii< 

S.imuel Sloe 
IMP.XX'i' H. lSg6. 



WEI.r.iXCIdX RIFI.K 



16'J 



natives were not so much of the 
"hurrah" variety as they were of that 
old-fashioned rel^el yell that nian\' 
a veteran recalls, and Colonels Clark 
and Shumway were not slow to indi- 
cate their recollection of times when 
they heard it in coml)ats fierce. ( )ne 
tall, lank fellow with a big, gray 
mustache and an imperial, giving an 
expressive look, asked if any one there 
had any remembrance of hearing that 
sort of a cheer l^efore. "I believe I 
have," said Colonel Shumway, "and if 
I am not mistaken you are one of the 
fellows we were looking for then." "I 
think you speak the truth, friend," said 
the ex-Johnny, "and if my memory 
serves me right I believe we captured 
you." And that is just what happened, 
for Colonel Shumway was taken pris- 
oner during the Civil War and was 
locked up at Florence, not so very far 
from where this colloquv tocik place. 
The v'ounger men cheered heartily as 
the two x'eterans grasped hands across 
the chasm which the events of the 
Spanish War were doing much to 
close. 

The verdancy of sharp New Eng- 
landers i. e., a few of them, was well 
exemplified when at one of the stations 
Captain Holden secured five crisp, 
new, unfolded one-dollar bills for his 
fiver, which had proven too large for 
use along the way. AVhen he exhibited 
them he was greeted with a simul- 
taneous exclamation. "Where did you 
get them?" and when he replied that 
a fellow around the corner was giving 
them away there was a hegira df im- 
pecunious "Wellingtons" that well- 
nigh empted the car. How much they 
got when they found the "felldw" they 
never told. It was while riding 
through this land, not over-attractive 
to northern eyes, that a. lady of south- 
ern blood and uncertain age expatiated 
on the beauties of the country and in 
stilted terms wanted the young men to 
note how "beautiful" everything was, 
a word which caused the lads to think 
that appreciation must have been left 
out of their composition, or their 
standard of beauty differed essentiall_\- 
from that in \'ogue in the "Ca'Iinas." 



Savannah. Cieorgia. dawns uiion the 
tired tr;ivelers early on the i6th, and 
I me reli.ilile chronicler records the sight 
of .-in alligator eight feet long, and 
there was no suspicion of alcoholic ex- 
pansion about the writer either. The 
day's experiences did not vary es- 
sentially from those of the 15th; more 
pigs were stolen, pies of nondescript 
variety were bought or ajipropriated, 
and in a spirit of mischief certain 
pranks were played which, under other 
circumstances, would have Ijrought 
(lUt Slime iif the shot iling-inms .still 
preser\-ed in the fiery land. l'"iir in- 
stance, in line place horses were un- 
hitched fnmi the vehicles, bells were 
rung, and as one writer expressed it, 
"The d — 1 was raised generally." 

In another case, where the boys had 
run off with two boxes of cigars and 
the saloon-keeper complained. Major 
Fairbanks settled for the damages, 
unwilling that his command should lie 
under the imputation of taking what 
did not belong to it. Never was there 
a better illustration of the truth of the 
old maxim: '"Satan finds plenty of 
mischief for idle hands to do." 

This journey southward of nearly 
five days' duration had its ending very 
early on the 17th, when the train was 
left 'on a siding at Lakeland, Florida. 
The arrival was of no consequence to 
the passengers till, after sunrise, there 
came the march through deep sand to 
the bnrders nt Lake Mortnn. where 
camp was pitched, the 3d llattalion 
finding itself at the left of the line. Ap- 
])arentl\- tlie iil.ace chosen was that used 
for picnic occasions and was as good 
as the entire region afforded. Evident- 
ly the troops had been sent to Florida, 
that they might, in a measure, become 
acclimatized before essaying the Cuban 
campaign in the very height of sum- 
mer's heat. The pine trees with their 
trunks Ijranchless for thirty or forty 
feet, excited the admiration of the men, 
and long streamers of moss pendant, 
in no way lessened their appreciation. 
While Captain Barrett of the Guards 
is the first Officer-of-the-day, Lieuten- 
ant (ira\- of the "Wellingtons" is the 



170 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



first Officcr-df-the-oiiard in the new 
camp, to be known as Camp Massa- 
chusetts. 

Men of the ."fecund fouml the vicinity 
considerably stirred u]) nnaccmmtMf a 
shooting affair which had just hap- 
pened. "The lOlh L'. S. C'avah-y, a 
colored organization, had arrived the 
(lav liefore, and a member had asked 
to be served with a drink of soda-water 
in the town. To this rec|uest came the 
reply: "We don't sell anything U> 



learned by observation that the colored 
troops were not, on the whole, any 
worse citizens than the white and that 
they were just as good customers. They 
commenced to treat them accordingly." 
The nearly two weeks' sta}- in this 
place was productive of impro\-enient 
in drill and, above all, of that indefin- 
al)le something which distinguishes 
work from play. On the i8th came 
the first distribution of government 
rations, and with the same came the 




<hunned niggers." W hereu])on ihe sol- 
dier drew a pistol and in the :ilterca- 
tion which followed an nnort\-nding liy- 
stander was shot, -\t any other time 
than when armed black men were in 
the majority, there would have been a 
Ivnching, but the conditions were n<it 
favorable just there and then. Cajitain 
Rigelow of the loth, himself a West- 
Pointer, commenting on the aft'air, 
savs: "Little bv little the people 



natural craving for the good things of 
home, never so thoroughly appreciated 
,is ,-it this moment, all being certain 
that tin reaching home again there 
would be no more complaints about 
fooil and cooking. ^\■e never know 
how we really look till others see us, 
anil Hums' wish, expressed in verse: 

"O wad some Pow'r the giftie gie u.s 
To see oursels as others see us!" 



\VKT.I.I\(7Tn\ RIFLES, COMI'.WV 



171 



had a roailv fulhllni:nt in the case of 
the Second, for Captain liigclow of the 
loth Cavalry writes: "We were 
joined hv the 71st Xew York and the 
Second Massachusetts. llu- men 
looked, and doubtless were, younger 
than the resjulars. They were of light- 
er weight, and com]3aratively pale look- 
ing. Thev took hold of their drill with 
a will, and I believe attained a high 
degree of proficiency in it, but they did 
not seem to know or learn much about 
laving out and taking care of a camp. 
When I rode through their camp I was 
struck by the closeness of their tents 
to one another, the company streets 
seemed narrow, and the officers' tents 
not far enough from the men's. In 
every direction I saw old newspapers, 
tin cans, cast-oiT clothing, and other 
rubbish. It is hardly an exaggeration 
to sav that there was more dirt in one 
of their conipany tents than in our 
whole camp. 1 understaml that the 
commanding officers of these regi- 
ments were allowed to choose the sites 
for their camps. If that was the case, 
they might perhaps have done well to 
have fixed their choice upon points 
close to the c-imjis of the regulars, 
which would ha\e ser\ed as object 
lessons to them." 

The foregoing criticism expresses 
most excellently the great difference 
between men to whom soldiering is bus- 
iness and those to whom it comes as a 
variation in their course of life. The 
1)ovs of the Second were anxious to get 
all they could in the way of drill, that 
thev might the lietter assail the Span- 
iard, and they gave the least thought 
possible to mere "slicking up," which, 
at the best, the most of them had 
always thought to be women's w^ork. 
However, there were observers who 
said that our Massachusetts men ap- 
proached nearest the regulars in their 
drill and general proficiency, and Cap- 
tain Arthur H. Lee. a representative 
British officer, considered the men the 
largest soldiers he had ever seen. It 
is just possible, also, that Captain Bige- 
low was not in the Second's camp 
when he made his observations. The 
boys themselves say that the comment 
is unjust, so far as their regiment is 



concerned, for their li\es were made 
weary through the eternal "picking 
u|)," ever in order. There was another 
organization in his list. Then, too, 
the Massachusetts lads say that the 
regulars were not immaculate; their 
camp.^ were littered, and their men, 
too, often drunken. 

As to comparisons between branches 
of the service and regiments from dif- 
ferent states, the following, condensed 
from observations of Richard Harding 
Davis, will doubtless interest many : 
"The first two regiments of volunteers 
to arrive at Lakeland, wdiich lies an 
hoiu-'s ride farther back from Tampa, 
were the 71st Xew York and the Sec- 
ond Massachusetts. They made an 
interesting contrast. The Xew York 
men were city-bred; they had the 
cocknev's puzzled contempt for the 
countr\-. Their nerves had been edged 
bv the incessant jangle of cable cars 
and the rush and strain of elevated 
trains. Their palates had been fed on 
Sunday papers and Wall .Street tick- 
ers; their joys were those of the roof- 
gardens. Coney Island and the polo 
grounds. The Massachusetts men. on 
the other hand, wx're from the small 
towns in the western half of Ma.ssa- 
chusetts; they were farmers' sons and 
salesmen in country stores, some of 
them were country lawyers, and many 
of them worked in the mills. They 
took to the trees and lakes contented- 
Iv : their nerves did not jerk and twitch 
at the enforced waiting; they had not 
been so highly fed w-ith excitement as 
the Xew York boys; they did not miss 
the rush and hurry of Broadway. Their 
desires were curiously in character. 
One of them wanted to see a stone 
fence again "before he was shot,' and 
another 'wanted to drink water from 
a well again out of a Ijucket.' He shut 
his eves and sucked in his lips at the 
recollection. The others all nodded 
gravelv ; they all knew they had drunk 
out of Wooden buckets. The Xew York 
men knew nothing of stone walls. 
Thev made jokes of their discomforts, 
and added others from Weber and 
Fields, and their similes showed that 
thev had worked, wdien at home, in the 
law courts, the city hospitals and in 



172 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



the department stores. Tliey were 
more nervous, restless and arL^imien- 
tative than the Xew England men, and 
they, at that distance, held the Span- 
iard in fine contemjit. The}' 'wmddn't 
dn a thing to him,' tlicv said. And 
later they certainly ke]it their word. 
'Jdie -Massachusetts men were more 
modest. I told them that the Xew 
York men were getting up athletic 
sports, and running races between the 
athletes of the different companies. 
'( )h. well,' said one of the Xew Eng- 
land men. 'when they fin<l out who is 
their fastest rumier, I'll challenge him 
to run awa_\' from the first Spaniard we 



for heans.' shouted a ^lassachusetts 
i,varrior. 'they don't give you enough 
to fill a tablespoon.'" 

In the definite arrangements for 
cam].iing. H. A. JMower was put in as 
cook, with ^V. H. \\'ood and W. G. 
Adams assistants, and, with the ex- 
ception of a lack of variety, the fare 
was good; as one man wrote home 
thev had two pieces of bacon, a potato 
and' coft'ee for breakfast ; for dinner the 
same, less the potato, while for sup- 
per they had beans and coiifee, al- 
ways accomiianied by all the hardtack 
that any one cared for. T.y common 
consent, h'irst Sergeant C'harles E. 




^ i;oK I I i"w 



see. I'll bet T beat him by a mile.' It 
is a goixl sign when a regiment makes 
jokes at the expense of its courage. It 
is likely to be most unpleasant when 
the fighting begins. It seemed ;i fact 
almost too good to be true that the 
great complaint of Uic .Xew York men 
was the sui)erabun<lance of beans 
served out to them, and that the first 
complaint of the sons of Massachusetts 
was that they had not receix'ed beans 
enough. 'I'.eansfor breakfast, lieans 
for lunch, beans for dinner — t 'ell!' 
prowled the .Xew Yorkers. Wnd as 



.Monroe was made the weather re- 
corder, and sometimes the mercury in 
his tent rose pretty high, though he 
finds no difficulty in dining there with 
the record of 107 degrees as he eats 
his dinner. ( )ne (^f the other sergeants 
h;id gre:it difficulty in getting enough 
to satisfy his appetite, but once at least 
he was compelled to cry. "Hold, 
enough!" on the sixth heli)ing of beef 
and potatoes. 

( )n the 20\.h Sergeant F. L. \'aughn 
was made reijimental conunissary ser- 



.-ant. 



Xc 



the 



their 



WELLIXGTOX RIFLES, CtlMI'AXY H. 



173 



Lakeland life foro-ntteii by the folks at 
home ami. while nearly every one was 
remembered, perhaps the most nota- 
ble gifts were those sent down by the 
emplo\-ees of the Barnard. Sumner & 
Putnam Company to their old associ- 
ates, Hakanson and Pratt. It was a 
large receptacle filled with ime hun- 
dred pounds of canned goods in great 
variety: tobacco in all its alluring 
phases, and other things calcidated to 
remind the recipients of iKune and the 
good old times. 

It would be a sorry place that afford- 
ed no diversion whatever, and Lake- 
land is by no means destitute of ways 
of whiling away tlie time, aside from 
the drills which form a part of every- 
day business. liaby alligators are 
twenty-tive cents each, and the bovs 
take particular pleasure in sending 
them as presents to their homes, laugh- 
ing to themselves as they fancy the ex- 
pressions there when the ugh- rep- 
tiles arrive. Sergeant Young sent tw(5 
scaly fellows, seven inches long, to his 
wife, and for some time they were on 
exhibition in the window of Captain 
Barrett's shoe store. One of them 
lived nearly a year, and both of them, 
after passing through the hands of the 
taxidermist, are retained in the home of 
Sergeant, now Captain, Young. Lieu- 
tenant Gray cheered his folks at home 
by sending there a rattlesnake's skin, 
seven feet long, and having fourteen 
rattles. One boy in his letter home 
complains of the number and variety 
of bugs and all sorts of creeping things. 
He says: "I had not been in camp an 
hour before I had killed two scorpions :" 
and he is confident that when the old 
home is again reached there will be 
much less complaining than in the 
former times. It was here that four 
prominent Company H men acquired 
the well-earned name of "Weary 
Willies." Work for them had few at- 
tractions. The ■'\\'ellingtons" are all 
sociable and, in learning their surround- 
ings, Quilty, George C. Gilmore and 
Reynolds called on a family which had 
moved down from North Carolina. The 
father, now a staunch L^nion man, had 
been a Confederate soldier. The boys 
got a hearty welcome, including cake. 



milk and whatever good things the 
house afforded. The dld-timc Gray 
and the later I'.lue harmoniously 
blended. 

In Company annals, it is wnrthv of 
mention that on the jCith came the 
first rlress parade, and on the 27th a 
letter was recei\'ed from James Logan 
of Worcester containing a check for 
S50, an act quite characteristic of that 
liberal gentleman. This day also 
there came from the A\'orcester Sui)ply 
Company a 4 x 5 camera, which, with 
its set of 100 films, was placed in the 
care and keeping of Sergeant Young 
as the one best calculated to use it in 
taking snap-shots on Company proceed- 
ings. The 28th of May brought a 
check f( ir .'?3 from City Clerk Towne of 
\\ iircester, the same being some sort 
of arrearage due the Company, On 
Sunday, the 29th, Chaplain Wellwood 
conducted religious services and sing- 
ing was furnished by Captain Holden 
(if the "Wellingtons." Captain Allen, 
Sergeant Will j'.artnn and R. H. Pitts 
of the Light Infantry. At the services 
Colonel Clark improved the opportu- 
nity to give his boys some excellent 
advice. Late in the evening of the same 
day the Colonel called his officers to- 
gether for a conference. Five men 
in "H" Company were reported sick, 
and one of them. J. L. King, did not 
return to the Company again for dutv. 
Our soldiers are of a social nature and, 
getting acquainted with the neighbor- 
ing people, are surprised to find that 
some of the supposed southern natives 
are really from Connecticut. One ob- 
serving youth wrote home that if he 
were to characterize central Florida, 
he would say it consisted in "niggers, 
log cabins, hogs, swamps and pine 
trees." It was at Lakeland that the 
great militarj- question as to whether a 
cow should be 'challenged b)^ a senti- 
nel arose. The guards had been duly 
placed and the orders were to challenge 
anything that attempted to pass, so 
when a poor innocent bovine beast, in 
pursuit of better fare, essayed to pass 
the vigilant guard, he vociferously 
challenged and only failed to fire at the 
advancing animal through the oppor- 
tune arrival of the corporal. To what 



174 



WORCESTER IX THE STAXISII WAR. 




l-(ll-R SCICXES IX r.KEAKIXC CAMT. l.AKKI.AXI) 



vxteiit the man was cdniincndalile or \h: iiKirnine that there was a possibil- 
censiiral)le, the annals do nut reveal. itv i if the Secdiid .Massaehusetts being 
( )f the sentinel himself, it iiiiL;hl he ehan.t;eil into cavalry for rapid service 
said that, when he was ]iresent. his in Cnl)a, it would have developed into 
(■.im]ianv was mH withciul its I'.ond. an order from the War Deiiavtment be- 
and that, later, as a re.t;nlar. he was fi ire ni-ht. Tlie h.it, moist atmos- 
,,iu' of the men who ;ieeom]ianieil |ihere was eondnci\e to rapid orowth. 
JMinstMn .111 the inem(iral)le atlventnre tin reachinj^" Vbor City, the placingof 
resnltin- in the eainure of .Vgninaldn. the camp near that of a heavy artillery 
The rnnuirs nf deiiartnre iXire real orL^anizatic m i^ave more weight to the 
irnit on the ,^olli, for then the reveille al)cive mentioned rmiior. Meanwhile 
s. innded al three a.m.. ;md breakfast re,L;nlar infantry drills progressed as 
was eaten bv the "W ellini;tnns" .it f( mr nsnal. While nut s. i well situated as 
.I'el.iek. vet' all this nndne hasle did the Lakeland cami) in the way of 
nol secure their -.linglu-foreafternoon. sh:ide.thene\v place had the advantage 
.\fler takiuL;^ down their tents there of a tine supply of water, coming as it 
was |ilein\ "of time to discuss the prol)- did from a large spring near by, and 
abilities of tliis regiment of infantry in great abundance. The departure of 
being changed into' one of hea\\ ar- the regiment from Lakeland was made 
lilleiw. with which the air for some notal)le by the .-idoption of resolutions 
d;i\s'had been he.avv. Dame Rumor of resjiect by the citizens, and the go- 
never has so much to do, is never so ing was amii! the enthusiastic cheering 
bnsv, as when a iiarcel of men in uni- of the iieople. The Bay State boys 
form hud almost nothing to do. Had had made a good impression, 
some in-enious fellow suggested in The seventy-seven men and boys 



WKM.IXinilX KIFLES, COMl'AW II. 



175 



who made up the W'cUini^ton Rifles 
were representatives of many walks of 
life and of several nationalities. There 
were men whose ancestors came to 
America in the JMayflower. who were 
justly proud that later forbears fought 
in the Revolution and whose immedi- 
ate fathers were soldiers in the War of 
the Rebellion. Others could go no 
further back in American lineage than 
their parents, who had come to this 
lanil as a refuge from oppression in 
their own countries. Indeed, some of 
these young soldiers were not born in 
America. There were lads whose ex- 
traction was purely Irish : several had 
the names and language that pro- 
claimed a French origin. At least one 
was a child of that far North which 
had sent to these western shores th'" 
first explorers, far before the day of 
Columbus and his adventurous vessels, 
and the only Italian in the regiment 
hailed from \\'orcester and Company 
H. So suspicious was every one at 
the onset, the report gained credence 
that DeJMarco was a Spanish sp_\- wlm 
as an American soldier was playing a 
deep part for the enemy. Even Colonel 
Clark admonished Captain Holden to 
"watch him closely." The fellow coun- 
tryman of America's discoverer was 
11(1 spy ; on the contrary he was a val- 
uable member of the Company. 

There were just as many indixid- 
ualities as there were men in the Com- 
panv. Though there might be a 
marked similarity in protests and ap- 
proval, there were varieties in their ex- 
pression and, as the days went by. the 
wonderful versatility of the Yankee 
soldier became apparent. These men 
had come from the sho]). the store, the 
farm and the jirofessions. ]\lany were 
skilled workmen. There were scN'eral 
men who could lia\ e wired a house for 
electric connections, could make any- 
thing capable of manufacture from 
wood, and others were salesmen of ap- 
proved aliility. One boy set himself 
up as regimental barber and did a 
thriving business in camp. His tariff 
was not high — officers free and only 75 
cents per month for enlisted men. In 
Cuba it was a matter of pride with him 
that he shaved General Ludlow one 



day. and the otticer, in his gratitude 
for the gentle yet thorough manner 
of his work, jiresented the soldier with 
a Krag rifle with all the appurte- 
nances. ])e. Marco was interpreter for 
the regiment. hi> Italian serving to 
make known the words of the S]ianisli 
foe. There was a Hostoii lawyer who 
had thrown up his briefs that he might 
have a hand in what he considered a 
righteous war. Lindsey was an ex- 
]K'rt cabinet-maker, though by trade 
lie made patterns. He was the fabrica- 
tor of the field desks that became great 
conveniences in subse(|uent weeks. 
The great majority of these soldiers 
were wage-earners who had given up 
their res])ecti\e occupations that they 
might have a iiarl in what they deemed 
a nation's eft'ort to right a great wrong. 
Their ])ay was small compared to what 
they had earned, but for a time they 
were soldiers from choice, willing to 
bear and endure if thereby iIkw luiglil 
help humanity. 

The last da}- of the month saw an 
acti\'e lot of soldier lads getting their 
new camp in shajie and in exploring 
their surroundings. The orbicular 
oyster, which e\"ery one at some time 
confronts, was uiulergoing a gradual 
opening. June ist introduced the men 
of the Second to a real Florida rain 
slorni. where iliree inches of water fell 
in an hour, ."soldiers waded around in 
water and sand to their ankles, though 
like evervthing in that porous soil, all 
traces of the storm soon disappeared. 
The "Wellingtons" had to omit morn- 
ing drill on account of a late breakfast, 
and at this date no one seems to know 
why the cook failed to get his pots and 
kettles around on time. An afternoon 
battalion drill had to be adjourned on 
account of tlu' r;iin. ( )n the 2d, there 
were company ami sipiacl drills in the 
forenoon, also the school of the sol- 
dier, and at 4 p.m. came battalion drill. 
From the hos])ital, men return to duty. 
The next day all were obliged to re- 
main in camp, and drill advanced as 
usual, said drill, in some men's esti- 
mation, being the real end of a sol- 
dier's life. The fourth day brought 
the paymaster, and the boys got what 
was coming to them, about fifteen dol- 



176 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



lars for each private, and how that 
money burned in every man's pocket. 
Passes were t^ranted and French leave 
was taken till at one time, lo p.m., 
(inl\- seventeen men remained in 
camp. It is hardly to be e-xjiected that 
all of the ])ay was sent home ; a more 
reasonable concUision is that a large 
part of it found its way intu the tills 
of Tampa traders, wlm would have 
been glad to see pay-day come dftencr. 
General Xelson A. Miles, commander 
of the U. S. A., rode into camp on 
this dav and gave fully ten minutes to 
asking questions as to the outfit of the 
men, tlieir condition, etc. ( >ne of the 
pleasant recollections nf this camp 
was the ajiiiearance, one superlatively 
hot dav, of "lliU" Rice, of the Guards, 
having' in tow a wash-tub half full 
of water, in which sailed unrestrained 
four or five half lemons, from which 
he essayed to sell first-class "ade." He 
was strong, if his drink wasn't,, and 



the scene itself was better than any 
]50table. It was from this camp also 
that the Lieutenant, wdiose name is 
suggestive of watery depths, with a 
comrade of aipiatic proclivities, with- 
drew and undertook a quiet swim in 
a neighl)oring pool, but wdiose natural 
modestv was terribly shocked at see- 
ing a man and two women, all in con- 
ditions ihitiircllc. likewise loathing 
across the iiond. However, as the op- 
posite jiarties seemed to be in no way 
disturbed at the presence of the 
Yankees, and as the latter thought re- 
treat no ])art of a true soldier's outfit, 
all continued to swim in the most ami- 
cable manner. Init Lieutenant 

ne\er heard the last cjf his mermaid 
aihentm'e. 

( )n the 5th. "H" Comi)any had a 
chance to do hea\-y duty through 1)e- 
ing called out to help load certain 
pieces of artillerv ; this, too, though 




J. T. LiNDSEY 

John D. Alli 



Corporal .\. F. Lo 



H. A. COATES. 

H. C.Am ELL. 



WELLIXCTON RIFLES, COMTAXY II. 



177 



it was Suiulax', hut the army kiKnvs 
very little ilitlerence in days. There 
was the celehration of mass for sol- 
diers of the Catholic faith, but no other 
service. !\I(!)n(lay there were com- 
pany drills and the school, while Ca.\>- 
tain Holden finds time to send home 
a cheerful reminder in the shape of a 
small alligator. In the evening came 
orders to break camp, and at nine p.m. 
tents were struck, though there was 
nothing to follow but waiting. In the 
evening cartridges had been gi\-en out, 
as though there were danger of an ir- 
ruption of the enemy. Tuesday, the 
/th, sees the regiment at Tampa City, 
Init still fated to wait, a condition to 
which soldiers, sooner or later, ha\-e 
to become used. There is no cani]i, 
there is no transit irt ready, and no 
hotel awaits tired mortalitv, hence rest 
must be sought where it may be found. 
Some find it on Mother Earth. Captain 
Holden and Adjutant Hawkins enjoy 
the hospitality of a lawyer friend, who 
gives them the use of his yacht, which 
lies hard by. and the Springfield man, 
with the reckless adandon bred of war, 
wraps himself in tfie tablecloth be- 
fore he lies down to pleasant dreams. 
Two "Wellingtons" find themselves 
close by a box of lemons as they seek 
repose upon the dock, and if on the 8th 
there is any suspicious prevalence of 
this citric fruit among their fellow sol- 
diers, it must have come from the af- 
finity that the aforesaid box manifested 
for those lying near it. Does any one 
know just why the 2d Massachusetts 
was chosen with the 71st New York 
for service in this campaign along with 
the regulars ? Every one expected 
that Roosevelt's regiment would go, 
but our Bay State l)oys had no such 
powerful sponsor. Perhaps the repu- 
tation of the Old Sixth in the Rebel- 
lion days held over and the quota from 
}ilassachusetts in this case was soonest 
readv. However, after the afifair was 
all o\-er a soldier who was near Gen- 
eral Joe Wheeler when the selection of 
volunteer regiments was in hand says 
he heard the General say: "The 2d 
Massachusetts is the finest and manli- 
est regiment of \olunteers ever seen, 
and they shall go anyway." Be all 



this as it may. they were chosen and 
possibly the good opinion of the ex- 
Confederate settled the (|uestion, and 
the boys arc glad to know that the gal- 
lant officer thdiight so wi'll of them. 

After all, in spite of long waits, 
things were really progressing, and 
finally the Company finds itself on 
the Concho, a vessel in no way re- 
markable for comeliness nor comfort. 
Before long, these patriotic young 
men wlio had thought themselves un- 
comfortable on land began to think 
that almost any spot ashore would be 
felicity itself compared to the crowde<l 
condition of the transport, which al- 
i;cady had aboard the 25th Colored In- 
fantry and a portion of the 4th. There 
were stores to be loaded, and of this 
work the Compan}- did its part, and 
they had a chance to study the shij)- 
ping by which they were surrounded. 
The heat was intense : they had worked 
hard, they had breakfasted early, but 
not till nearly 7 p.m. did they get 
anything in the way of food, save what 
they could buy df the ship's crew. 
When rations tlid come, though of the 
same old canned beef, colt'ee and hard- 
tack, they tasted good, for there is no 
sauce lik2 downright hunger. The sun 
sets blood red, and at nightfall the 
boat moves out into the bay for an- 
chorage, perhajjs for greater certainty 
of keeping the men on board. Some- 
where between night and morning 
came the alarm described in the story 
of the other companies, and the 'AVel- 
lingtons" had to take their portion of 
discomfort in the hold. In this hor- 
rible plight the \essel returns to the 
pier and men gasp for breath. All 
night the search-light beams over the 
bay, and glad are the soldiers when 
morning dawns. There had been little 
op])ortunity for washing for two days, 
and some of these cleanly fellows were 
anxious for a chance to rid themselves 
of superfluous Florida matter. One 
inncicent landsman, reared among the 
hills of Worcester County, undertook 
to free himself by the application of 
sea water along with a plentiful use of 
common hard soap. The trouble he 
had in ridding himself of his sapona- 
ceous coating, those can appreciate who 



178 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



have ever undertaken such a task. So 
uncertain was everything while the 
transports were receiving their loads, 
many of the boys plunged into the 
"briny" for a cooling dip. ( )ne of 
"H's" sergeants was thus disporting 
himself when, quite a way out, he saw 
the Concho in motion. He had no lik- 
ing for being left. It was a clear case 
of "the other side." i. e., outside of 
"Jordan," and the way he pawed the 
waves was a caution, and to the infinite 



loth there is a distribution of Bibles 
tr> such as need them, and on the nth 
occurs the menmraljle insi)ection of 
feet, not to see if they are webbed, but 
for reasons never satisfactorily ren- 
dered. One jocose fellow averred that 
all who had corns or bunions had to 
take salts, and those who had ingrow- 
ing nails were init down for a dose of 
(|uinine. I'V-w escaped one or the other. 
The 1 2th brc^ught the transferral to 
the Knickerbocker, a low, l.dack craft 




.Sergt. H. C. Youn 

(Now Captain.) 

Serct. F. L. Vaugb 



amusement of his comrades. Through 
the in(lrscril)al>le filth of the shore, he 
swam uj) to the dock, only to see the 
transport quietly returning. Had he 
taken time to examine the liual coating 
imijarted by the sea, he would ha\c 
found a little of everything. 

The next two days see little varia- 
tion in transport life, though on the 



belonging to the Cromwell Line, run- 
ning between New York and New Or- 
leans, of possibly 1800 tons burden, 
built for passengers and freight. She 
had recently been devoted to the carry- 
ing of Italian laborers. The story of 
her thirteen staterooms and other co- 
incidences have already been stated, 
and Private Dean of the Light In- 



WELLINCTOX KII-LES 



17!t 



fantry adds a painted "13" to the sig- 
nificant array. The next day furnished 
more work in the way of exchanging 
stores, and the ist Rattahon of the 
Second came on boanl. 

SxownALL. 

Probably there is no member oftlie 
Second who does not recall the coal 
black face of "Snowball," who through 
the vicissitudes of war had become a 
popular member of the organization, 
although his enlistment was b\- nn 
means regular. The story as told in 
the Boston Herald is as follows, though 
the writer evidlently drew consider- 
ably on his imagination : "It was here 
(Washington) the little black face of 
'Snowball' appeared in his rags and 
tatters and said to a member of Com- 
pany H, 'Say, boss, yo' doan wanter 
tak' 'er small cullud boy to Cuba wi<I 
yo', does yo'?' His large mouth and 
black eyes won him a place in the ranks 
of Company H. and a nondescript uni- 
form, furnished by popular subscrip- 
tion, soon changed the tattered urchin 
into a comical looking soldier. Snow- 
ball did go to Cuba and stuck to the 
Second through thick and thin, lead- 
ing a checkered life. He had his good 
traits as well as bad." 

Captain Holden says his introduc- 
tion to the regiment was wdien they 
were getting aboard the transport, and 
attracted by his wistful look and evi- 
dent desire to go with the men, the 
Captain exclaimed "Jump on," and 
jump he did, just as the gang plank 
was drawn on. He had come from 
\\'ashington in company with a bat- 
tery of artillery, but for some reason 
his affections for the big guns had 
cooled and he was quite fancy free 
when he fixed his attentions on the 
boys from Massachusetts, and there- 
after there was no division of his re- 
gard. He was as true, as he could be 
to anything, to the soldiers from the 
Bay State. He had a name reserved 
for special occasions, viz., James Den- 
nis Sargent, but for ordinary occasions 
he was just "Snowball," of course thus 
yclept through the law of contraries. 
He thought he was about sixteen vears 



old, and that was dwubiK-ss \-er\- near 
the truth. His appearance was artless- 
ness itself: he looked the very picture 
of innocence, and his worse detractor 
would aver that he never stole any- 
thing that was nailed down, but nature 
made him with such a way of locjking 
out for himself ho seldom went hun- 




SXOWBALL. 

gry, and if he wanted anything he had 
a remarkable manner of reaching for 
it. He was as brave as Toussaint and 
as tireless as Sisyphus. He was thor- 
oughly immune, so far as any of the 
Cuban ailments were concerned, and 
his cheerful face was a source of much 
comfort to the boys themselves, 
though his habits of appropriation and 
other peculiarities sometimes drew 
upon himself merited and condign 
punishment. He came home with the 
regiment, but by that time he had be- 
come as much a child of the Second as 
of the Company ; he had his career 
written up in many papers of the State, 
and "Snowball" divided honors with 
commissioned officers in his popular- 
ity. Since those days he has sampled 
reformatories and the regular army, 
each, it is hoped, contributing to his 
srood. 



IbO 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




Jc 



J.Moor 



I1u- I4tli 1ias a prmninent place in 
the history of the Company and Regi- 
ment, for on this day, after assiduous 
labor in sjettino' supplies aboard, after 
just failing to crush the sides of a com- 
|)anion steamer, and after many starts 
and stops, at last the vessel moved 
down the bay and anchored near Eg- 
mont Key. Tlniugh the sea is wide as 
compared with the space occupied by 
ships, yet they manage to collide at 
times, and some of the men have not 
entirely gotten over laughing at the 
evident fright of one of their field nf- 
ficers when there was danger of colli- 
sion with a nearby vessel, though it 
must l)e remembered that John, Duke 
of .Marllxiniugh, doughty soldier that 
he was, wnuld tlee in terror from l-he 
crv of a cat. It is barelv possible that 
our officer did not like deep water ; he 
was not a Baptist. 

Of the scarcity of rations, of the sea- 
sickness, drills, inspections, baths and 
the principal incidents of this expedi- 
tinn. the stiiry has been told in the re- 
citals (if the "(iuards'" and the "Light 
Infantry." though the "Wellingtons" 
tell I if the <iuarrels auKing the black 
soldiers and of the ccimmotion on the 
17th. when the ship's crew dnue o\'er- 
Imard, after a ])rolonged chase, a black 
cat which some of the soldiers had 
briiught aboard as their mascot. As 
long as suijerstition holds sway among 
sailors, and it seems interminable, 
there will be no tolerance among them 
<if a lilack cat. Thex' may ne\er ha\'e 
heard nf I'oe's st(ir}- (if the animal (if 
th,-it color, nor yet have dwelt ( m the 
.Scriptural stor}- (jf Jijiiah when hetdok 



his r(Tunilabout way to Nineveh, yet 
all the saiue to them black cats will 
always be J(jnahs. .\s to their coin- 
f^iii^iioiis lie I'liyuii^r. the colored 25th 
Regulars, the "Wellingtons" could not 
sa_\' tO(.i much in their praise. Though 
they gambled for high stakes and 
sometimes quarreled fiercely among 
themselves, they were the soul of 
])oliteness to their white comrades, 
])aragons oi personal neatness and 
cleanliness, and so honest that the Ixiys 
(if the Second had no fear df lea\ing 
exjiosed their choicest possessions. 
Xdthing was ever disturbed. To the 
end oi the triii it was a daily delight 
td see the (irderly sergeants of the 
25th line mi their men for roll-call and 
to iKote the precision with which the 
naiues were called, though there was 
iidt a scrap of paper in sight. The Or- 
derlv had his names in his head. 

As the tri]) ad\'ances inal dc mcr . 
lessens and an increased demand for 
food is heard, and it is loud at times. 
( )n the 1 8th a careful Yankee observes 
that he sets his watch ahead one hour, 
fdr again he is within the limits of the 
sexenty-fifth degree range, and Tampa 
must ha\-e been jUst west of it. The 
sight of land, with s])eculations as to 
just what part of Cuba is seen, excites 
the keenest interest, and when at last 
the eastern end of the Island is rounded 
and far-famed Santiago is neared, there 
is as nuich desire to leave the vessel 
as there was a week before to embark. 
Thev hear the cannonading and, obe- 
dient td (irders, they stand out to sea 
at nightfall, seeing on the 22d the land- 
ing df a part of the regiment, all the 



WELLINGTOX RIFLES, COIIPAXV H. 



181 



time growing more and more huno-rv 
and less and less resigned to the prison 
ship. During the last night aboard 
there was a raid made on the vessel's 
ice-box, and the officers of the ship 
were vociferous in their expressions of 
rage thereat. It was stated that every 
man was to be searched as he went off, 
but seemingly all this was forgotten 
when the men finally disembarked, and 
soldiers marched by red-handed : at 
least, they bore off their plunder open- 
ly and no notice was taken of them. 
Justice always did have a reputation 
for blindness. Yet even at this late 
date all cannot land, for Sergeant 
Vaughn with Privates Jones and Shedd 
are detailed to remain on board 
and see to the proper care of the knap- 
sacks, which are not carried off, the 
expectation being that the vessel would 
move along the coast and render the 
remainder of the cargo at another land- 
ing, but weeks really passed before 
the baggage was seen again. 

The "Wellingtons" joined in the ac- 
claim of all who beheld when, late on 
the afternoon of the 22d, the Starry 
Flag went up on JMoimt Losiltires. 
west of the landing place. It is ten 
o'clock a.m. of the 23d when the 
"\\'ellingtons" reach land, and start at 
once to catch up with those who have 
gone before. The blue uniforms of the 
men are left on the Knickerbocker, 
along with their knapsacks, from which 
they were to be parted a number of 
weeks, their garb during the actual 
service on the Island consistiup- of the 



brown canvas, not unlike the "Ijut- 
ternut" clothes worn by the Confed- 
erates in Rebellion days. Xot only 
was it more comfortable, it was also 
almost an ideal color for assimilation 
with the surroundings. With his usual 

luck, B d retained his blue clothes, 

and was a marked man. 

The planting of the American l1ag 
on the summit of a hill to the eastward 
of the landing has been imentioned 
liefore. .\ condensed account of the 
affair as given liy a jiarticipant is not 
amiss here. The story is told by Ed- 
ward Marshall, currespondent of the 
Xew York Journal, in liis "liistorx- of 
the Rough Riders": 

"()ver at the right of Dai<|uiri a 
sugar-loaf nioimtain rose sheer a thou- 
sand feet. It was called Mount Losil- 
tires. ( )n the \'ery summit of this 
qucerly shaped hill was a block-house. 
During the morning bombardment, it 
had 1)een a shining mark, hut apjiar- 
ently had escaped unscathed. There 
ne\er was a harder climb than the one 
by which 1 reached the siunmit of 
IMount Losiltires. Finally, however, I 
reached the to]). The sun was blister- 
ing hot and the climb had exhausted 
me. I sat down to get my wind. While 
I was sitting there. Surgeon La Motte. 
Color-sergeant WTight and Trumpeter 
Piatt of the Rough Riders came U]) by 
another and an easier route. They had 
with them the flag which had been 
presented to Captain McClintock's 
troop by the ladies of Phoenix, Ari- 
zona. It was a beautiful silk tlag, and 




Company II ix the Tre.s'ches. 



DeMarco and the Ccbas 



182 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



it is iifiw a tlas;' with a history. A con- 
sultation followed as to how io raise 
the flag. There were no lanyards on the 
weather-beaten pole left by the Span- 
iards. Just at this moment a sailor 
came climbing over the edge of the hill. 
I have forgotten his name. I wish I 
had it. The Rough Riders, after in- 
vestigating the interior of the block- 
house, found a ladder long enough to 
reach up td the tiny cupola above the 
structure. Wright and Piatt had found 



Rough Riders, staff and all, to the lit- 
tle timber which stuck from the peak 
I if the block-house. The little bay in 
which the transports were anchored 
lay like a sheet of silver in front of us. 
The ships looked like toy ships from 
our point of vantage, and our soldiers 
looked like toy soldiers. The flag had 
been waving in the breeze perhaps a 
minute before these toy soldiers and 
the nun on those toy ships got sight 
of it. And when thev did, bedlam 






C. M. !■ 
1. I-. U 


am 


1 pre^ 


hi. 1 
1 II 1 f . 


<iiees 
lie I 



this ladder and presenlly I'latt ap- 
|K-ared nn hi. knees i m the lint, slip- 
])er\- tin rnnf. lie remained on his 
knees nnt more than ti\"e consecutixe 
seconds. The rnof was too steep and 
I'latt came to grief with great rapidity. 
It was here that the sailor came to our 
relief. Like a cat he crept out on the 
sli])perv roof. A moment later he rose 
and securelv lashed the flag of the 



broke loose. E\-ery steam whistle on 
the warships screamed its loudest, 
every soldier in the invading thousands 
veiled his hoarsest, and the Cubans, 
jiroud of the new Lee rifles which had 
been distributed among them by the 
navy, fired them off in greeting vol- 
leys to the Red, ^Vhite and Blue which 
fltittered brightly at the top of Mount 
Losiltires." 



WELIJNGTOX RIFLES, COMl'.WI' II. 



183 



It was on this tirst (lay"s march that 
the soldiers discovered how delicious 
were the contents of a green cocoaniit. 
With its muzzle niceh- sliced off and 
the interior stirred, each nut aft'orded 
nectar fit for the gods. The mango 
had been proclaimed harmful to Amer- 
icans, but even while the admonition 
was ringing in his ears, B — d was seen 
shaking the branches for his favorite 
fruit, and strange to tell mangoes 
didn't seem to harm him. t'a])tain 
ISigelow of the loth Cavalry pro- 
claimed green limes as the choicest of 
all Cuba's products in the fruit line, 
and that he aimed to keep his knap- 
sack well supplied with them all the 
time he was there. Sergeant ]\Ionroe 
had been detailed to remain behind 
with a squad of men to look after cer- 
tain belongings of the Company, hence 
he was able to see the country for him- 
self and at his own pace, as ho writes 
to his mother weeks afterwards, .\fter 
a march of about five miles he and his 
party went into camp near the ist U. 
S. Cavalry, though a short quarter of 
a mile farther would have taken them 
to their own regiment, but they did 
not know this till the next morning. 
"The first day we went through cocoa- 
nut groves and we had milk and nuts 
to burn." All the boys had their first 
night of getting acquainted with land- 
crabs, and so disturbing an element 
were they that many found \-er\' little 
sleep. The lunches of that first day 
were made almost luxurious b\- the re- 




CUBAXS Taking Their Ea 



suits of the icebo.\-raid qi the night 
before, and it was a good thing to get 
these comforts when possible, for 
there were straits of hunger before 
them. 

The morning of h'riday. the 24th, 
was utilized by the "boys" in finding 
out just where they were, in beholding 
the landing of the cavalry horses, in 
delightful bathing in the ocean, and in 
getting their share of enjoyment from 
the wine so thoughtfully left by the 
enemy. Perhaps to their unacclima- 
tized systems the latter find had bet- 
ter remained unfound. Private ^^lower, 
that he might the more easily hasten 
his mission, wore down to the landing 
Pieutenant Fish's coat, with its straps. 
Evidently he made the most of his op- 
portunity, for it was not long before 
some of the regulars were making in- 
quiries about ''Pieutenant" Mower. 
Clothing that had been worn during 
the voyage had a little wash and each 
lad had to set up his own cookshop. 
Four days' rations were given out, and, 
had the men been more experienced, 
they had combined to get more com- 
fort from them than they really did. 
\\'hen the alarm for Pas (niasimas 
fight called them from their bivouac, 
they marched away carrying their 
jirovisions in all sorts of ways. Pri- 
vate Ilodgins had the most of his 
hardtack strung on a string, and the 
streamer of "tack was sus])endcd from 
his bavonel as he threaded the Cuban 
mazes. Pri\ate (ileason. very likely 
with manv ot iters as well, carried his 
gallon can of tomatoes under his arm 
until, wearied of the task, he was 
oliliged to throw it away. \\'ith no 
liail for holding, the can was not de- 
signed for transportation thus, and the 
absurdity of the plan should have oc- 
curred to the authorities who origi- 
nated the idea. As a specific for too 
much l)acon or salt pork the fresh 
ration of canned tomatoes was excel- 
lent, but the application of the provi- 
sion, that was quite another matter. 
\'or was it food for the stomach alone 
that some of the boys carried. Brain 
sustainers also were borne. It was 
here that Gendron indicated his liter- 
ary promptings by sweating under the 



184 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



burden of a ])\g Spanish dictionary 
which he had found in Sihoney. He 
aimed to make his Spanish first-class. 

As to the merits or demerits of the 
engfagfement at Las Guasimas on Fri- 
dav.the24th.it is no part of this story 
to dilate. War critics are yet wrano- 
ling- as to who ordered the attack, but 
all that is definitely known is that the 
Rough Riders, with certain jjortions of 
regular trooi)s, suffered se\-erely in 
trying to dri\-e the cnem>- from his 



of their time, wdien the "assembly" 
called the men to action. The alacrity 
with which the negro soldiers grabbed 
their clothes and rushed naked from 
the bath to their camps will ever be re- 
memljered bv those who saw the move- 
ment, and the same call, sounded by 
Randall of the "'Wellingtons/' pro- 
duceil a similar though perhaps not so 
immediate an effect. Of wdiat the 
Company saw and did, let the men 
themselves discourse. Allie Kimball, 




position on what (ieneral \\ heeler 
chose to consider the road tcjward San- 
tiago. The Second Massachusetts hap- 
pened to be near, and with others went 
to the rescue. It was well towards the 
middle of the afternoon when the hur- 
ried arrival of a messenger from the 
fight found the soldier> in all sorts of 
occupations. They were bathing, cook- 
ins, washing, and making the best 



writing on the 29th, says; "You can 
bet we had a good, heavy load (refer- 
ring to the burdens each man had to 
carr\- ) ; it was a very pleasant march 
at first. By the way, the country 
through which we have had to march 
has been fine. It is rather hilly, but 
there is plenty of shade and fairly good 
walking, ^^'e ])assed the ist and loth 
Cavalrv as they were holding burial 



\VEL1.I\(;1().\ KIFLICS 



185 



services. Diil not hear exactly how 
many were l<illeil. As it Ix'S'an li> S't't 
(lark we heard lliat the Spaniards were 
behind us. so we had to put in and 
march tliroue;li the dark and the worst 
part of the road. Tt was rather tough 
\\'ork. We reached our eanui aliout 
nine p.m. and jntehed tents, f was 
detailed on guard duty In mi two a.m. 
to live. It was rather hard work after 
that march." 

Xo pen has \et done aileipiate justice 
to the filthy condition of the camping- 
places where Cubans or Si)aniards had 
been. Nor would it be proper to 
jirint the same were it written. The 
inborn sense of neatness characteris- 
tic of the Yankee was constanth- of- 
fended beyond all description. R\'i- 
dentlv the natives had not the slight- 
est notion of sanitation. The .\meri- 
can went to Cuba none too soon. 
While snakes were not common in 
Cuba, Sergeants Young and \'aughn 
aver that an immense black one went 
through their tent, while lying here, 
and from his speed they fancy he may 
be .going yet. 

The army is in the enemy's country 
and long spells in the same camp are 
not to be the rule. It is perhaps eight 
o'clock a.m. on Saturday -when the 
lines are formed again and the\- march 
about two miles toward the north. 
There are many waits, everything 
bearing the appearance of a cautious 
feeling" of the wav through a strange 
land. It is onlv on the tliird attemi)t 




th;it cam]) is lin;illy pitched. Here a 
h;dt is made over Sunday and the 
wear\- ira\elers have a genuine and 
needed rest, though a most vigilant 
outlook is had for the foe, supposed to 
be lurking somewhere in the vicinity. 

b'.ven in war, man's liking for pets 
has illustrations. Thus early Captain 
Ilolden won the undivided affections 
of an owl and, perched near by on a 
convenient bough, this bird of wisdom 
lilinked on the Company proceedings. 
F.ven •' Snowball" forbore stealing 
him, but his nightly and thus un- 
timelx sereeehings made it necessary 
to ))anish wli.-it might have become an 
owlish "( )ld Abe." Vigilance on the 
part of officers as to the habits of their 
men is always commendable, and the 

care that Major . not the one from 

Worcester, manifested lest d n 

should hurt himself by drinking his 
canteen of wine obtained in Siboney, 
was trulv noble. Me evidently felt 
that if it all found lodgment in his 
own stom.-ich, one private at least 
would be safe froui the hospital. Thus 
was total abstinence for the other fel- 
low enforeeil. 

Monday, the 27th, sees a fresh start 
of the Second, though it is not a very 
long one. The bugle rouses the men 
at 4.30 and a cjuickly prepared break- 
fast [s eaten, so that they are ready for 
the advance long before the order 
comes. .\fter all. the march is not 
longer than two or three miles and 
once more a halt is made for camping. 
The regiment is encamped here till the 
afternoon of Thursday, the last day of 
lune. On the jSlh they were wet down 
"with showers, and rations are becom- 
ing scarce, though in the evening small 
ones of bacon and beans are issued. 
PerhaiJs it was here that Corporal 
Scott won fame for himself through 
the accuracy of his di\ision of bacon 
to be given out to his mess. As he and 
nearly all other men in the Company 
had concluded to allow their hair to 
grow on face as well as head, he had 
no innnediate use for his razor, and the 
latter sharp tool he called into use as 
he e(|uably and justly sliced up the 
seant\- portion which had to suffice for 
him ami all his messmen. Company 



186 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



H's only representative of the Legis- 
lature made a doleful outcry because 
one of his 'tack had been bereft of a 
corner. The strait was suggestive of 
"Give me three grains of corn" in the 
Irish famine of 1846. The camp is 
only six miles or thereabouts from 
Santiago, and all sorts of suppositions 
fill the minds of the men as they 
linger, concerning when and how they 
are to attack the Spaniard. It is on 
this day that Sergeant Jordan is ap- 
pointed Chief of Pioneers and gets his 



given out to the men. ( )n this day 
notice is given that mail will be sent 
home to Massachusetts, and as one 
writer remarks, "I have only three 
minutes in which to write and you 
must excuse some things." In the same 
letter he complains of a lack of en- 
velopes and asks to have some sent 
him ; also states that through this lack- 
ing he can write to his home only. 
The writer is never a complainer, for 
he says, "I am feeling fine and am en- 
joving the trip." 




C. W. Thc 
I.. Wiirn. 



Charles J. Flint. 
William II. King. 



orders from C'olduel ('lark. Wednes- 
day brings inure rain, folldwcil 1)\ blaz- 
ing hot sunshine, though ime nf tlie 
men in his letter says he rather enjoys 
the rain, since it cools off the earth. In- 
s[)ection cmnes at ten a.m. ;inil appa- 
ratus for an arin\' Ijalloon goes 1)\ dur- 
ing thc day: also ammunition for the 
artillerv, and ei"htv rounds extra are 



Thursday is the last day of June and 
it sees the end of the camp, the ascent, 
several times, of the war balloon and 
the orders to pack up. The location, as 
the men., find weeks later when they 
have access to maps, is southwest of 
Santiago, which in a general way they 
liniK'rstand to lie the o1)iective of the 
campaign, but of the struggle neces- 



WKI.I.lXdTON UIKLES, tUMI'A.W 



187 



sary to compass her surrender they arc 
as vet ignorant. The silent, close and 
darkened march of Comi)any II dif- 
fered in no way from that of their as- 
sociate companies, though each man 
had his indivichial thoughts as he 
pickeil his \\a\- through glade and 
bushes, going lie had not the least 
notion where, yet no one was averse 
to hearing the order to halt, which af- 
forded an opportunity for the men to 
wrap their l)lankets about them and to 
lie to such slumber as the night could 
give. The darkest night and the great- 
est danger could not suppress the 
spirit of mischief innate in some. 

K s had discovered that the only 

clerical member of the regiment was 
extremely nervous and apprehensive, 
hence the Boston boy would whisper 
to his neighbor, hut loudly enough for 
ministerial ears. "Whist! Don't you 
see that right through there?" mean- 
while keeping an eye on the celerity 
with which clericus reached for his 
revolver. Tom Hood died punning. 

El Caney is only an additional name 
in the long list of battles in which 
Americans have been engaged, but it 
looms up more conspicuously in the 
shorter list of those fought by the same 
people on foreign soil. The start for it 
was made the night before and men 
"in place rest" are easily roused. They 
were up and off soon after. These 
^lassachusetts men knew very little of 
what was in store for them, but they 
must have had apprehensions that this 





The Second Uiguinu Ike 



1st of July might mark an epoch in 
their lives, and when in their advance 
they came upon a batterj' of artillery 
I)lanted directly across their way, 
thereby cutting off the last five com- 
panies as thev were marching, they had 
reason to believe that the fight had be- 
gun, since right over yonder were the 
Spanish block-house and indications of 
Spanish fortifications. The first shot 
from Capron's Battery was music to 
the ears of men to war inclined, and 
one enthusiast counted the successive 
discharges and says there were just 
forty -seven. That first guu, same sol- 
diers sav, was fired at 6.25 a.m., and 
clift'erent moments might arise from dif- 
ferences in watches. The private sol- 
dier sees little but what happens in his 
immediate vicinity. Says one boy to 
his parents, "I can't tell you much 
about the battle, as I hardly know my- 
self. We were there about eight hours, 
and how those repeaters did sing! Our 
Springfield rifles with the smoky pow- 
der are no good. I have got a fine car- 
bine which one of the loth Cavalry 
gave me. It is a dandy. That night 
we marched all around, I couldn't tell 
how far ; as it was so dark, you almost 
.had to feel your way, ^^'e reached the 
main part of the army on the morning 
of the 2d, and were placed in position, 
but did not have any firing to do, al- 
though the bullets were flying around 
in great slvle." There were those to 
whose aiijireciation distance would 
have lent enchantment. One such, 
who had been a great boaster, was dis- 
covered beating k hasty retreat, when 
he was haltecj by the Captain with 
"Where are you .goyig?" "I am going 
back to help Sergeant Smith look out 
for the rolls,"' is the reply, and positive 
commands are necessary to keep him 
in place. Not so with "Snowball," the 
Company's African protege. The Cap- 
tain had to repeatedly order him to 
keep his head down or he would lose it, 
l)ut all sense of fear was lost in his 
anxiety to see wdiat was going on. 

Sergeant ilonroe writes of his ob- 
servations thus : "That night ( June 30) 
,ve started on. just as they were rais- 
ing their war balloon, and lay down 



188 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




WULLIXCTliX RIFLES 



189 



and slept on tlu- cop of a hill, \\ ith the 
lights of Santiago in the distance. 
Early the next forenoon we resumed 
march, and after a short time halted 
behind a battery which had opened fire. 
Here the ist Battalion and part of the 
2d went on and did not notify us ; hence 
we were left behind. They sent liack a 
message, and we started on again. As 
we neared the battle, which had begun 
about 6.45, our battalion waited for a 
regiment of regulars to pass, and be- 
fore we could connect agaiai the ist and 
2d battalions had gone into the fight. 
When we came up finally there was no 
one to show where the rest had gone, 
so we started along towards the firing. 
Meanwhile our loss had Ijeen quite 
heavy on account of our powder, which 
made lots of smoke and so afforded a 
good mark for the Spaniards. Accord- 
ingly we were directed to a sunken 
road, where we were to remain as sup- 
port, and here we continued the entire 
day. The bullets whistled above our 
heads to beat the band. I fell asleep in 
the midst of it, I was so tired, and so 
did lots of the boys. At last, the bat- 
tery moved nearer, reinforcements 
came up and the enemy was driven out 
of his strong position ;" and El Caney, 
which was to have fallen in an hour, 
really held out for a good long day, one 
of the longest in the year, Richard 
Harding Davis's remarks on this event 
are entertaining at this time and dis- 
tance : "The plan for the day is inter- 
estino- chietlv because it is so different 




LH TO El Cane 



frmii wliat happened. . . . Incidentally, 
( leneral Lawton's division was to pick- 
up El Caney, and when El Caney was 
eliminated, his division was to continue 
forward and join hands on the right 
(Lawton's left) with the divisions of 
Generals Suniner ami Kent. The army 
was to rest for thai night in the woods 
half a mile from San Juan." Thus 
nicel}- was the advance on July ist 
planned by those in the lead, but as 
with mice and men, plans "gang aft 
aglae." That long day in the blistering 
sun, the stubborn resistance of the 
Spaniards, all attest how much easier 
it is to plan than to execute. July's 
entering day had had its record writ- 
ten in blood and, ere the sun of the 
following had set, thousands of 
friends in the Old Bay State were won- 
dering how the boys of the Second 
fared, and hearts along the banks of 
the Connecticut are bleeding yet for 
valiant souls that on that day went out 
into the unknown, doing what they 
thought their duty in following the flag 
as it led them to the defense of an op- 
pressed people ; but the enemy has re- 
tired and he must be followed up. The 
march which was to have been taken 
much earlier in the day, now comes 
after a short halt, and again recourse 
is had to Sergeant Monroe's letter: 
"That night we marched a long way 
through the darkness, and at last by a 
roadside lay down and waited till three 
o'clock in the morning, when we ad- 
vanced again till we came where 
another fight seemed to be on. W'e 
threw oft' our loads and prepared to get 
to the front. Captain Holden ap- 
pointed me to take charge of the 2d 
. ]ilatoon, which w^as part of the firing 
line (Lieutenant I'ish having been left 
behind sick). The entire Compan\' then 
went forward to the crest of a hill, and 
after an hour's wait we were ordered 
into camp, having a hill between us and 
the enemy." There was an ineffectual 
attempt of the Spaniards to break 
through the lines at a late hour of the 
night, occasioning considerable loss of 
sleep to the ^lassachusetts boys and 
(ithers. During this halt. Captain Hol- 
den is Officer-of-the-day (or night), 



190 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



and he finds liis duties exceedingly try- 
ing, the situation being entirely 
strange and the prospects of an attack 
believed to be great. It was here that 
he found Cuba possessing some sort 
of a poisonous plant, which gave him 
an exceedingly sore hand. The camp 
itself was on a hillside, so steep that 
the men vowed that they had t(_i sleei.> 
with their heels dug into the sdil. and 
on the alarm some rolled to the foot 
of the hill before recoverv. 



side. Heedless of his own innninent 
danger, he orders the men to keep out 
of range while he discusses the distance 
with the man who has the gunl. ' 'Don't 
^•(1U think it al)OUt looo yards?" is the 
c|uery of the private: and on the agree- 
ment of the officer, he raises his sight 
as coolly as though another pound of 
steam and not the life of a man were 
the issue. That the council was effect- 
ual was seen soon in the hitting of the 
ol)noxioiis foe. The lesson was a good 




Louie S. Jones. 

Aijii.:rt W 
Willis Gleason. 

When war liecomes a business to 
men. their coolness in times of danger 
seems wonderful to the novice. On the 
2d of July, when the air is heavy with 
indications of strife, our l)oys are inter- 
ested in seeing an officer of high de- 
gree, sitting his horse where bullets are 
flving, and conferring with a regular 
sharpshooter who was trying to bring 
down a like character on the .Spanish 



E. H. \'0SBUEC. 
I'RATT. 

Joseph De .Marco. 

one for the \\'orcester observers. Of 
the conduct of Colonels Clark and 
Shumway at El Caney, the Boston 
Herald correspondent spoke in the 
highest terms, and u])on Private I-Crebs 
of the ■■Wellingtons." wIkj was serv- 
ing as an onlerK for Colonel Clark, 
he bestowed eipial praise, 

Sundav comes around again and, 
much to the ease and comfort of tired 



WELLINCTOX RIFLES, COIII'AW II. 



191 



boys, a truce is pniclaiiiieil fdi- twenty- 
four hours, and much ueetled sleep is 
sought while waking ears catch the 
sotind of heavy firing olT towards the 
sea, firing which they are soon to 
know was really the death-knell of 
Spanish power in the New World, for 
it is the destruction of Cervera's fleet 
as the Admiral seeks to escape from his 
long embottling in Santiago Harbor; 
and somewhere, as a sweet refrain of 
the day's noise and turmoil, a brass 
band plays and the soldiers remark that 
it is the first s-ound of the kind they 
have heard since reaching the Island, 
and some of them think the end has 
surely come. The coming days, how- 
ever, are to luring the digging of 
trenches and occasional removals till 
finally the city has been circumvented 
and the Second finds itself on the other 
side of the bay. The 4th of July is 
signalized by a continuance of the 
truce, a sharp lookout for the enemy, 
and finally a march to a new camp 
on the top of a hill, whence the Span- 
iards may be seen very plainly '"walk- 
ing backward and forth." The sol- 
diers strongly suspect that negotia- 
tions are afpot to end the conflict, and 
already they are reckoning the days to 
intervene 'between them and home. 
Really, their hardest trials are in store, 
but fortunately they do not know it. 

A letter from Allie Kimball, dated 
the 5th, givesfa very good picture of the 
situation as it applied to him and very 
likelv to the most of his comrades: "I 







■_^^^'*jJB 


11^^^"^' 


K ^ 



h.ipi- these letters thai I ha\ e written 
will reach you ( ). K. 1 'lease tell the rest 
of the folks that I can't write to them, 
for paper here is as scarce as food. All 
we have had for the last week or two is 
hardtack and bacon, and not any too 
much of them. Have been feeling fine, 
and, as long as I can dodge the Span- 
iards' bullets, I do not mind the rest 
very much, although 1 would like a 
quart of cold milk, a good bath and 
some clean clothes. We have not re- 
ceived any news from home yet, but I 
suppose it is on the way." Tliere was 
nothing for dinner this day and but lit- 
tle more for supper. Much of the time 
of the soldiers is spent in the trenches, 
either adding to their strength or con- 
sidering the bombardment, which is 
more or less frequent. So poor is the 
aim of the enemy that the boys think 
it fun to sit on the edge of the ditch 
and speculate on the direction and 
striking place of the missile. That no 
one of them was hiu-t or touched should 
be sufficient comment on the quality of 
the Spanish marksmanship. Any vet- 
eran of the war of the Rebellion who 
had a part in the long strain at Cold 
Harbor and the games of chance played 
there under tire, can appreciate the 
rubbers of whist that Captain Holden 
and Sergeant Young ])layed against 
Sergeant Monroe and Private Pratt, 
in which the Captain and his partner 
were sadly worsted, though their de- 
feat they ascribe, in large part, to their 
watching of the firing. 

In spite of the al)undance of land- 
crabs and tarantulas, the boys never 
.£;ot used to them, especially the latter. 
They do say that J — s camped on the 
safe altitude of a cracker-box rather 
than undergo the possible touch of the 
creature, and one night, when dark and 
drizzly, it was time for the midnight 

detail to go into the trenches, P n 

was so sleepy that even the Captain's 
voice could not rouse him, till by the 
introduction of a lantern a full-sized 
tarantula was disclosed hard by. He 
came out at once, glad to exchange 
such proximity for pick and shovel. 

Rain is a regular happening and the 
camps become veritable steam-chests. 
The 7th of July brings the first mail 



192 



WORCESTER IN THE .SPANISH WAR. 




WEI.I.IXCTOX RIFLES, COMI'AXY II. 



193 



fmm lioiiu'. Ijcarin,!:; date nf Juiu- i^tli, 
and a small supply of food. Duriiiij; 
these days, Lieutenant Hobson, the 
hero of the Merrimac, is exchanged 
and Lieutenant Fish returns to his 
company. The size and brilliancy of 
Cuban lig'htning'-bug's may be inferred 
from the fact that Bond actually mis- 
took them for Spaniards with lanterns 
and gave a quick alarm accordingly. 
Great shoutiuL; inside the Spanish lines 
on the 9th indicates some unusual ex- 
citement there. The tendency to see 
things "big" is often seen among sol- 
diers. ^\'hen M r and D n 

came in from an exploration of their 
own, the former saw siege-guns by 
the score, while the latter, by his side, 
said, "I didn't see any such guns." 
Again while AL averred that both of 
them had been in great personal danger 
from sharpshooters, D. claimed to 
have been unaware of any such peril. 

The scarcit}' of writing material is 
well shown in a letter which abt)Ut this 
time is sent liy Sergeant Monroe to his 
mother. It is written upon a small 
memorandum pad and the envelope is 
one that had been sent to him, but by 
re\-ersing it, i. e., directing it upon the 
back, erasing his own name and with 
black thread sewing up the opened 
end, he furnishes his mother with a 
relic of special value. Though the men 
grew used to constant rain, they never 
grew to really like getting wet. Says 
one victim of interminable dripping, 
"1 had not got my tent pitchecl, so 1 




lay down between two rubber blank- 
els. I was all right during the first 
shower, but I fell asleep, and the 
blanket, slipping down. I awoke with it 
raining guns and a stream of water 
running under nie. 1 was disgusted, 
but I covered the best 1 could and went 
to sleep and let the water go it. I 
awoke in the morning with one" side 
soaked through, but I dried by the fire, 
and late in the afternoon the sun came 
out enough to dry partially my blanket. 
I have made up my mind that if I ever 
go to another war, nothing less than 
the rank of Alajor will do for me." 

"Snovvliall," the Company's mascot, 
had little realization of the import of 
a truce, and the boys had hard work in 
preventing his oj)ening fire on the en- 
emy on the I ith when he came into the 
trenches, having stolen Krel)s' I-Crag, 
cartridge belt and all. If he was readv 
for a fight, why shouldn't the Spaniard 
be in similar condition? This same 
Ethiope was thriflx- at times, and his 
military friends do not forget how, hav- 
ing lieen sent by them to fill their can- 
teens, he did his best to trade or sell 
them. He needed constant supervi- 
sion, and let it be said for the Wor- 
cester boys that he usually got it. 

To make light of difficulties is a test 
of a good soldier, and one writer says 
that he has fifteen distinct dishes made 
from hardtack, and when he gets home 
he is going to get u]) a 'tack dinner and 
iu\ite all of his relatives. However, 
he is of the opinion that a whole month 
of 'tack and bacon with "prime" roast 
beef chasers is likeh' to lessen some- 
what the ajJiietite. ( )wing to the near- 
ness of the S])anish lines it is possible 
to see [jlainly and almost to hear the 
enemy. Knowing the value of a Red- 
cross banner, the Spaniards have pro- 
tected a large part of the exposed por- 
tion of the. city with that emblem, and 
American gunners are mucfi disgusted, 
wishing that they might knock down 
some of the crosses and thereby have a 
chance to drop a few shells among 
■those shacks." Even Mark Tapley 
might haw fallen into melancholy had 
he found himself encamped with the 



194 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



Second Alassachtisetts in their final lo- 
cation, down in the swam]:), alternately 
drenched and steamed till colds and 
malaria beg;an to get in their deadly 
work. There is little or no quinine in 
the hospitals, and the fever has its own 
nefarious way. There need ])e no won- 
der that they were glad ears on which 
fell the welcome news, July 14th, that 
Santiago and the eastern end of Cuba 
had surrendered. The pent-up yells 
that ought to have had expression on 



been known as the most unhealthful 
locality in the Antilles. 

If immediately after the taking of 
Santiago our boys could have come 
home, the story of Cuban mortality 
had been very different, but the au- 
thorities at home had be'come fearful 
of the introduction of yellow fever, so 
the soldiers who had bravely held up 
through the days and weeks of siege 
must now remain to dispel all signs of 
the dreaded pestilence. It was hope 




that day were suppressed to please 
( ieneral .^hafter, wlm seemed to be 
particularly careful nf the feelings of 
the Dons. 

It was an unhappy fate that chose 
the \icinity of Santiago as the theatre 
of land operations in Cuba. Shut in by 
high hills, thus cut off from northern 
breezes, subject to miasmic etfluvia 
from the adjacent marshes, it had long 



deferred, making not (^nly the heart 
sick, but the l)ody as well. Up to the 
i4tli, 44,^ men in the Seciind had been 
repiirted ill. 

.After the end, there is a growing ci- 
\-ility between the former opponents, 
and Spaniards make glad certain Amer- 
ican hearts by the gift of cigars, while 
rations find their way into Cuban and 
Spanish hands. Xative cleanliness is 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, COMPANY H. 



195 



exemplified l)y the efforts of the men 
to clean up and to wash their garments 
after so many days of rain and mud. 
On the i6th, the next day but one after 
the surrender, eighty-seven men arc 
arrested for running the guard, that 
they may visit the city. 

How the formalities of the surrender 
appeared to one boy is shown in his 
words concerning that en )\vning event 
of the Sunday, the 17th: "At noon wc 
had to get out on the top of the 
trenches and stand like fools while 
some one about a mile off did some old 
thing." Of course there were salutes 
and the flag was raised above the 
palace of the Governor General. In the 
afternoon, the regiment paraded before 
Colonel Clark, who read the message 
from President McKinley, thanking 
the men for their bravery and persist- 
ence, and the Colonel himself made an 
impressive speech. During the follow- 
ing days there are many interchanges 
of courtesies, but "camp life is slow," 
and a detail to the city for provisions 
is eagerly sought. They would like to 
go to Porto Rico, or "any old place" 
if only there may be a change. On the 
i8th of July ships enter the harbor and 
more rife than ever are the runnirs of 
going home. 

Our boys found their Cul^an allies 
c|uite as alert as themselves in the mat- 
ter of food, .\nything left e.xposed or 
uncovered was in immediate danger 
of confiscation. One day. Corporal 
Scott rushed into the cam]), saying. 




"I'or G — d's sake, boys, come this 
way," and obeying his behest, they 
found a large party of natives doing 
their best to carry off a quantity of 
canned tomatoes, all in great gallon re- 
cc[)tacles. it would never do to suffer 
such provisions to disappear in that 
way, so with a rush the boys bore 
down on the raiders, making them 
think that the Spaniards were coming. 
The cans were droi)|)ed and the Yan- 
kees had tomatoes galore. Once in 
their lives, the "Wellingtons" had for 
fuel what under other circumstances 
would have been sufficient for a king's 
ransouL The Captain had ordered 
tlu-111 ti> tear down au old shack hard 
by. and the fuel thus secured the}- pro- 
ceeded to burn, thougli it consisted in 
a large part of the most valuable ma- 
hoganv. They w^ere not, just then, in 
the cabinet business. 

That an army mo\es upon its bell\-, 
as General Sherman was wont to say, 
has proof in almost every letter writ- 
ten by a soldier, and on every page of 
his diary there is sure to be some word 
which confirms the statement. Nor is 
the truth confined to the private sol- 
dier. Oflicers and ])rivates are alike 
hungry, and alike welcome a chance to 
fill their stomachs with something bet- 
ter than tiiey have been having. In 
this line, i'rivates Gleason and Mower 
moved on the 19th, when they went over 
to a neighboring Cuban village and pre- 
pared a supper for ten men, includ- 
ing Colonel Clark, Lieutenant-colonel 
.Shumway, Major Whipple, Adjutant 
Hawkins, Ca])tain Ilolden, Sergeants 
Young. Jordan and Xewton and the 
cooks themselves. The menu, though 
not printed on gilt-edged paper, was 
attractive, and consisted in "Rice a la 
bacon fat & sugar. (!reen tomatoes, 
>.\: oil. .Sardines, Yams, Cocoanut cakes, 
Coffee, Rum." One officer commenting 
on the event and menu says: "Don't 
leave out the ice water, for that was 
reall}' the best item in the whole bill 
of fare." The room which the boys had 
taken for the meal was a characteristic 
Cuban home, without floor and with 
very little furniture. Their table was a 
door which they had placed upon two 



l'J(i 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




WELI,r\r,TO\ RIFLES, COMPAXV H, 



197 



barrels, and their seats were impro- 
vised from small boxes. Interest was 
added to the occasion by the woman of 
the house telling of her little g:irl beinp: 
bitten in that very room that dav by a 
scorpion. The \\'orcester memljers of 
the party aver that the Sprinpfficlders. 
casting war)- glances in all directions, 
drew in their heads lest a poisonous 
"varmint" should fall on them. 

Food was an ever present and press- 
ing theme. .At home, amid the manv 
distractions and division of labor, it 
comes most prominently into \ic\v at 
meal time, but when a man has to be 
his own purveyor and cook as well, his 
stomach assumes unprecedented im- 
portance. In Cuba, men found them- 
selves doing things undreamedof a few 
weeks before. Thus when certain 
"Wellingtons" were cooking beans one 
morning, they were admonished of the 
nearness of a sitting guinea hen. To 
kill the bird was the work of a mo- 
ment, and her flesh made a savorv 
feast for the partakers. Her eggs, far 
too near parturition or hatching for 
Yankee use. were traded with the Cu- 
bans for good, ripe mangoes, while 
the wings, sent back to Worcester, 
adorned for the season the summer hat 
of an officer's wife. Trading was ever 
a Xew Englander's prerogative, and 
what he could not eat himself was 
readih' exchanged with the natives for 
something they were delighted to get 
rid of. The bacon, which had become 
too rank for northern nostrils, not to 




mention stomachs, found ready market 
among tliose to the manor born. Real 
shower-baths were possible here, for it 
rained every day, and any one could 
see when the clouds would drop their 
contents. There was nothing to pre- 
\ent. So the men were wont to soap 
their bodies and let the cooling rain 
wash them clean ; but one day their 
Captain reckoned without his host, for 
thougli he had i)lentifully lathered his 
|)erson in expectations of the shower 
which once in his experience failed to 
come, from his oleaginous covering, 
he had to rid himself in some other 
and less convenient manner, all the 
time of course running the gauntlet of 
his comrades' gil)es and jokes. 

Some of the soldiers are wondering 
yet whether they laid themselves open 
to prosecution 1)\- any statute through 
their palming off nickels upon the cit- 
izens of .Santiago for cpiarters and tak- 
ing twenty cents change for five-cent 
purchases, or whether the trick, played 
upon them by the ap])arently guileless 
Spaniard, was not a fair offset. Thus, 
many of them were glad to get their 
liills changed, and the natives were 
equally ready to acconnnoclate them 
with their own debased silver cur- 
rency, a condition not at first under- 
stood by the Yankees. In the supper 
or dinner described above, coffee was 
served after the Cuban manner, and 
those who ])artook declare that an or- 
dinary cu]) of it woulil intoxicate. For 
the party, there hatl been used two 
pounds of the best berry, which was 
burned twice as much as is the .Ameri- 
can practice, and then through this 
mass, boiling water was poured, thus 
securing a decoction so strong that 
only the habituated could enjoy it. 

So well was this meal away from 
camp thought of, the very next day 
eighteen of the Company repeated the 
affair of the 19th and made merry over 
ihe same menu, and on their return 
lirought back a supply of sugar and 
rum. 

Shipping is becoming common in the 
harbor and considerable washing up is 
accomplished, and there was need of it, 
for working in the trenches had pretty 



198 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



nearly clcmnnstrated tlie trutli nf the 
words in the burial service. "Dust thou 
art and to dust shalt thou return." 
Only in this case it was mud instead of 
dust. Evidently too high living was 
not in accordance with headquarters 
notions of camp propriety, and on this 
day the boys were ordered to remain in 
camp. With the issuing of the tirst 
beefsteak ration on the 21st of July, 
the long reign of bacon came to an end. 



There is sume drilliuL;, l)ut the chief 
incentive is past, for there is to be no 
more fighting, and officers, no more 
than enlisted men, care to take over- 
much exercise in the hot, humid cli- 
mate. Foot-gear has become very 
much down at the heels, and a certain 
Sergeant in his home letter says that 
his pair of shoes is really the only de- 
cent pair in the Company. One ingen- 
ious fellow, not having his mending kit 




Joseph I. 
W\ r,. Ai,. 



It was received with grateful stomachs, 
and as never before the soldiers ap])re- 
ciated the comforts left behind when 
they enlisted. Of these fresh meat ra- 
tions it must be sai<l that the first 
(lav's sending from the ships' coolers 
were the best. Culia's heat soon made 
the meat unbearable and more was 
buried than eaten. 



with him. repairs his l)adly worn shoes 
with wire, certain to hold as long as the 
leather does. On the 22d not half of 
the Company responded to the call for 
<lrill, so many of the same being sick. 
Some of the bo\s move their camping- 
])lace down to the side of the stream 
whence they had already derived about 
all the comfort that their surroundings 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, COMPANY H. 



199 



afforded. The 23d brouo;ht rations of 
fresh bread, and with fresh meat Ufe 
seemed a little more worth living. The 
camp was moved over the trenches. 

One day during the post-surrender 
wait, certain "Wellingtons" started out 
to find the commissary department, 
doubtless in search of food, and an ad- 
venture of theirs well illustrates how a 
West Point education sometimes makes 
a wretched prig of a man. Unable to 
find the object of their quest, they 
made bold to ask their way of a young 
regular lieutenant whom they met, re- 
splendent in all the refulgence of a 
beautiful new uniform. Saluting him 
with all the deference that was his due, 
they made known their want, but great 
was their astonishment when, without 
a word, he turned his back upon them. 
In their amazement at such usage, they 
stood speechless, but fortunately at 
this very moment, who should appear 
but General Lawton, mounted, and his 
quick eye detected something wrong. 
Accosting the young men, he asked 
them what the trouble was, to which 
they replied as above. The General 
immediately called the West Pointer 
to him and' asked if he had been duly 
saluted by the men and if there was 
anything out of the ordinary in their 
request, to which he was obliged to re- 
ply that they had done nothing wrong. 
■'\'\'ell. then,'" said the officer, "do you 
tell these soldiers where the commis- 
sary is, and if I ever hear of any more 
conduct of this character, I'll rip those 
straps oft' your shoulders d — d quick," 
The boys went their way with height- 
ened respect for a man who knew men 
when he saw them and to whom a pri- 
vate was as good as any one if he be- 
haved himself. 

Sunday, the 24th, came with mail 
from the States, letters from home and 
the Worcester Telegram of the 7th inst. 
One of the boys wrote answers right 
away, and in one of them he says, 
"You can sleep good and sound every 
night, as I am as safe as though in a 
cage and hung up in the parlor, and 
have felt the same all the time." He 
proclaims his regrets that he cannot 



have a good swim, since he is not any 
too clean, and his unchangeable disgust 
that the regiment did not get a chance 
at the enemy on account of the powder 
they were obliged to use. Knowing as 
the government did the quality of the 
arms and ammunition possessed by the 
Second, it is an ever growing wonder 
that it was sent away with such an 
outfit. No wonder that Roosevelt re- 
ferred to the weapons of the volunteers 
as "archaic." Some of the Company 
tried to assume a religious air by going 
into the city and attending the cathe- 
dral, the largest in Cuba, though it 
would not be strange if curiosity was 
the ruling motive in the act. 

Letters and newspapers were not al- 
ways sources of unalloyed pleasure, 
for on one occasion there came, in the 
Telegram, the news of the death of 
Lieutenant Gray's mother. His sympa- 
thetic comrades, anxious to spare him 
the sorrow incident to the announce- 
ment, carefully destroyed every paper 
so that he might not see them, but 
Major F, came along and told the Lieu- 
tenant, so all the care of the boys was 
ineffectual. His comrades felt for him 
in his bereavement, and he had the 
consolation that comes from the feel- 
ing of touching elbows in the presence 
of a common danger. 

Life in Cuba during these days is not 
especially varied. Men improve every 
opportunity to get into the city, and 
thev study with the keen eyes of 
Yankees tlie differences between what 
thev see and what they are used to 
at home. They secure relics and sou- 
venirs from the natives, and many a 
curio, now highly prized in Worcester, 
was obtained in these waiting hours. 
Buttons, machetes, and objects of per- 
manent interest are brought away with 
them, while tobacco in various forms 
finds immediate consumption. 

Among the places of interest in or 
near the city was the so-called Vir- 
ginius Wall, against which Captain 
Joseph Fry and thirty-six of his men 
were placed when they were shot by 
the Spanish authorities, Xov. 7, 1873, 



200 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



for alleged conspiracy, their vessel 
having been seized l)y the Spaniards 
on the charge of contemplating an at- 
tack upon the Island. At the time, the 
incident aroused public feeling to a 
high pitch, second only to that of the 
destruction of the ]\Iaine. 

As the rations increase in liberality, 
the number of sick grows larger, not 
as a result but as a reminder that when 
there might be a measure of enjoyment 
the men are incapable of appreciation. 
On the 25th, the Quartermaster took 
orders for new suits of clothes, and 
two days later only fourteen men re- 
sponded to roll-call, and mi the last 
one in Cuba, only six men appeared. 
Each dav sees more men going to the 
hdspital. The introduction of ice into 
the camp, the 28th, was a luxury in- 
deed, and iced coffee was a reminder 
of days at hunie. For tlmse who re- 
main on dnt\' there is an abundance nf 
work, for the camp must be kept in 
order and ])rovisions must be obtained 
from the city. The first death in the 
Company occurred on the 30th. that 
of Charles E. lUick, who succumbed to 
the ])rcvailiiig ailment. His bod}' was 
buried at no(in. Ca])tain liolden. 
writing the next day to liis wife, said: 
"W'e had a sad thing to dn yesterday. 
Charles Buck died in the morning in 
the hos])ital. They sent mc word and 
wanted him buried at once. So I took 
about a dozen men and \ve dug his 
gra\e under some trees and lun-ied him 
with his blankel and his haversack 
under his head, it was a sad thing for 
the bo\s. I re.ad a few verses, in the 
absence of the ch.'iplain. and the bu- 
gler ])la\eil l;i])s,and that was the ser- 
vice. We in;irl<eil his gra\ e so that if 
Ihev wish to iciuoNe him. they can." 
The last da\- of ihe month was note- 
\\iirth\- in lliat all the commissioned 
officers were sick, and of the non-com- 
missioned officers. only Cor]}oral .'scott 
was ready for guard dut\. He was 
also acting as Kattalion Adjutant. The 
men were mustered for p;iy. 

The ad\ent of .\ugust s;iw no im- 
])ro\'ement in the local situation: in- 
deed at 3.30 a.m. Silas L'ndergrave 



died, and at sunrise his body was laid 
near that of Buck. The arrival of hos- 
|)ital supplies renders it possible for 
men to obtain quinine, and to some ex- 
tent the progress of fever is stayed. 
Near eight o'clock in the afternoon, 
loud cheering is heard in the distance 
and speedily works nearer. Every one 
sallies out to learn what it is all about, 
and the report comes that Porto Rico 
has surrendered and that Sjiain has 
sued for peace. August 2d beheld the 
arrival of a boat load of immunes who 
were to work such a revolution in the 
Cuban campaign, but after their ar- 
rival \-ery little was heard of them, 
th(5ugh the idea seemed a feasible one. 
After all it was not yellow fever that 
the men were suft'ering from. The hos- 
pital was made a little more habitable 
by the coming of some cot-beds. The 
knapsacks which had been left on the 
Knickerbocker when the Com])any de- 
barked, came up on the 3d, and the 
men had the privilege of donning their 
blue uniforms again. The same day, 
C'aptain Holden went to the hospital 
and Lieutenant Gra\' was left in com- 
mand. Also on this day came large 
tents and some of the chroniclers 
mention luxuries such as Indian meal, 
pear sauce, pickles and tea. 

Those bovs inclined to obscr\-e 
things, and there A\ere many such, 
could not help remarking the won- 
drous rapidity with which nature re- 
newed herself. The moist and heated 
air made the surface of the earth a veri- 
table hot-house, and the marvelous veg- 
etation of the land, when it was laying 
u]) stores of coal for later generations, 
seemed repeated^ AVhen Lieutenant 
I'isli ;inil his partv came in after 1-21 
Caney, tJKw had much to say about the 
de\elopiuent of certain corn-planting 
experiences of theirs, claiming that 
h mail's gourd was hardly more speed}- 
in its growth. The natives said that 
fort}- da} s after dropiiing a seed sweet 
|]otato in the ground the}' could dig 
ri|)ened tubers. When the regiment 
came awa}". grass was growing from 
the clay-filled bags placed upon the 
breastworks, making them look like 



WEi.LixnTdX Rri'T-ES. c■(>M^A^■^■ 



201 



emerald porcupines, and the ^rass. 
scarcely two weeks old, stood knee 
high over the graves of Buck and 
Undergrave. Later, in Septendjer, 
when Armorer Hubbard \isited the 
place, the vegetation was so rank that, 
tall as he is, he could scarcely see out 
or over the grass which covered those 
same tombs, Cuba has no twilight. 
Darkness follows daylight like a pall, 
and \\'orcester lioys thought that 
courting there would lack a charm to 
which they had been accustomed, 
■"riic dark-eyed maid with the sweet 
guitar," they failed to see. 

The 4th of August saw the coming 
of large arrearages of mail, and letters 
from home were read with eager e}-es, 
though it was after dark when the pre- 
cious matter arrived. Towards night 
of the 5th, two of the Company, Ran- 
dall and Hakanson, passed out into the 
infinite and were with Buck and Cnder- 
gra\-e. In a letter written this day, 
Allie Kimball mentions the coming to 
him, the niglit before, <if a rex'olver 
with a box of writing paper and en- 
\-eloi)es. He savs he has not much use 
for the re\-ol\er now, l>iit can use it 
another 4th. I'oor l)o_\-, long before 
that time he was to be where there is 
no shooting nor other mortal care. His 
own words graphically describe the sit- 
uation : "Haxe not a great deal to write 
about; most every one has been 
knocked out with malaria. I lave been 
\erv luck\- mwself; have not had it bad 
nnself at all. The only trouble is there 
are so man\- sick that those who are half 
well get all the work and get knocked 
out again. ... I understand we 
are to move at almost any moment 
towards the L'nited States, and you may 
bet that United States is good enough 
for any one. . . . Our usual after- 
noon shower is coming off. and 1 am 
trving to kee]) dry and write at the 
same time. ( )ne of the men went to 
town and br(night up a lot of stuff to 
eat. and I have a can of Franco-Ameri- 
can soup, mutton broth, which T im- 
agine will taste first class for supper. 



This noon 1 had potatoes and onions 
l)oiled ; for breakfast, coft'ee and some 
bum bread. We have had bread lately ; 
they exchange flour for bread in Santi- 
ago, but I would just as leave have 
'tack. There is plenty of bacon, but 
no one seems to want any to eat. . . . 
1 don't belie\'e you could hire one out 
of fifty to remain here at ten dollars a 
day if they had a chance to get back." 
On this day, too, certain patients were 
thought by the surgeons to have yel- 
low fever, the most dreaded of ail- 
ments, and if their diagnosis were cor- 
rect, it meant the detention of the reg- 
iment and many more deaths. How- 
ej.-er, the\ gave the boys the benefit of 
a doubt, wherein they were justified by 
results, and did not report the cases. 

On the 6th of the month began the 
departure of the troo])s,and on this day 
the 1st Cavalry went on board the 
trans]5ort. to be followed by other regi- 
ments as the time advanced. Private 
Mower made a trij) to town, and re- 
turning brought a (|uantity of canned 
stuff', nutch to the gratification of his 
comrades. Some of the Company put 
up their large tents. The next day 
went the Rough Riders and the lOth 
Cavalrv. On the Sih Private C.reen 
died, and the men received two 
moiuli>' pay. though few are able to 
walk to head(|uarters for the same. 
.\ft'airs are nearing a windup now, and 
on the loth came the official announce- 
ment for home-going. Diary-keepers 
record "plenty to eat," though one 
lover of the weed chronicles his giving 
fiftv cents for a cigar. The new khaki 
uniforms were given out the next day. 
and those of the Company able to do so 
were marched to headquarters for ex- 
amination, and several were ordered 
to remain. -Vt the seven a.m. inspec- 
tion thirty-two men were present, less 
than one-halt of the Comi)any. 

The iJth was a joyous <lay to the 
men who were able to pack up and get 
readv for the departure. Lieutenant 
Gray commands the Company as it 
goes on board the Mobile, reaching the 
same bv means of the tug Laura. 



202 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




THE MOBILE. WHICH DROUGHT THE SECOND REiHMENT FRn.M Cl'BA TO MONTAUK. 



Tliimi,'-!! the- nu-n wlm slcjit uii the 
ii])|icr (k-ck were wut tlin lUj^ii by the 
rain which came as usual, ihev were 
Iiappy in the cliange from mud to 
boards. 'I'he next day the effects are all 
stored away, and the men of the Sec- 
ond Massachusetts, with the 8th and 
22d Regulars, are all on board. Early 
in the aftermion the transport sails 
away and she carries a load of haj^py 
hearts, rejoicing that having accom- 
plished what they came for they are 
now on their way homeward. All are 
alert to see the traces of the Merrimac, 
Reina Mercedes and the grim Moro 
Castle, so long the guardian of the en- 
trance to the bay. Two hours later the 
vessel passes Daiquiri, where the land- 
ing was made in June, and then with 
her prow directeel homeward, the Mo- 
bile steams onward into the night. 
The Second Regiment had had fifty 



(lavN (if Cuban campaigning, an experi- 
ence which would furnish the men with 
stock themes for the remainder of their 
respective lives. They had been under 
fire : they had been through the vicis- 
situdes of the siege; they had dug 
trenches till they considered them- 
selves adepts with pick and shovel, 
voung men the most of whom would 
hardly have undertaken such work of 
their own will at home ; they had suf- 
fered the pangs of hunger and the pains 
of thirst; they had shivered with chills 
and had Inirned in the embrace of fever, 
and now they were going home, i. e., all 
who were alive; but some of those on 
lioard the transport were not to see 
their homes, a few not even their native 
shores, yet the majority of them were 
glad that they had been a part of the 
.\merican army in its humane mission. 
This part of the story might fitly end 



WELLIXCTOX RIFLES, COMPANY II. 



203 



with sonic remarks upnii the climate of 
the Island and some of the hardships 
which were peculiar to the regiment. 
To begin with, the ^Massachusetts boys 
were marching, fighting and camping 
very near the 20th degree of north lati- 
tude. Hence they were well within 
the torrid zone during the summer 
solstice. They encountered the very 
hottest weather of the tropical region 
and during the rainy season. That they 
came out as well as they did is highly 
creditable to their constitutions and 
their care of themselves. 

The location of the camp for the reg- 
iment was unfortunate, since the men 
were thereby constantly exposed to the 
malarial influences, there at their very 
acme. Armorer George W. Hubbard of 
Worcester, who a month later was in 
and about Santiago looking after the 
bodies of Worcester dead, for the pur- 
]iose of returning them to Massachu- 
setts, says that he had a summer's ex- 
perience in Andersonville during the 
Civil \\'ar, but nothing encountered 
there in the way of malarial surround- 
ings began to ecjual those of the place 
where the regiment was encamped. He 
says: "The site was almost at the 
water's edge, and from it there was a 
constant rising of vapor that could be 
dispelled only by the sun's rays. The 
moment the sun disappeared behind 
the hills, the vapor could be seen ris- 
ing till it enveloped the entire locality 
and it remained till the next day's sun 
drove it away." It was cold and heavy 
and as penetrating as a New England 
northeaster. When the morning 
dawned, the men would shake oft great 
drops of dew that had gathered upon 
their blankets, and some had not cov- 
ering enough to keep their bodies 
warm, and as a last resort they would 
walk the long night away, while their 
teeth like castanets told of their suf- 
ferings. With such experience mala- 
rial fever was inevitable. 

Now, however, all this was in the 
retrospect, and years later these men, 
so glad to get away from Cuba with its 



sorry memories, will recount to their 
children's children what they saw, 
heard and did there. All could not go 
home with the Company, some being 
too ill to undertake the journey then. 
Those left behind were Lieutenant 
Fish and Privates Cook, Hodgins and 
\\'ood. As a care-taker for others. Pri- 
vate Coates also was left, and on this 
very day of leaving, so long and so ar- 
dently wished for. Corporal Marvin F. 
Ames joined the chosen few who had 
been finally mustered out. It is a sum- 
mer sea upon which they are sailing, 
hence as smooth as glass, a condition 
entirely to the tastes of these wan and 
worn mortals, fever and famine wasted. 
If they had encountered tempests on 
their way homeward, no one knows 
how much worse might have been 
their sufferings. The Mobile was by 
no means an ideal craft for excursion 
])urposes, having been used as a cattle 
transport and exceedingly capacious 
for that purpose, but there were too 
many indications of her recent occupa- 
tion to make her exactly agreeable to 
human passengers. However, endur- 
ance was the badge of all soldiers in 
those days, and, swung in hammocks, 
they made the best of their plight, 
anxiously looking for the end of the 
trip. There is employment for some of 
the stronger ones in the hold as they 
look up and identify the knapsacks 
which are tumbled in helter-skelter. 

The saddest sound of the return trip 
is that of two bells for slowing down, 
that the body of some deceased com- 
rade might receive burial. No signal 
was dreaded as that. Eleven times was 
there the lessened speed, that the dead 
might be committed to the deep, and 
eight of the number were from the 
Second Massachusetts. One. Private 
Earle E. Clark, was from the " Welling- 
tons." and his body recejved ocean 
burial at 4.30 p.m. of the 17th, the day 
of his death. Though impressive, there 
were circumstances attendant on some 
of the burials which left creepy sensa- 
tiiins among those beholding. Thus in 
one case the head-covering separated 



204 



VVOKCESTER IN THE SI'ANISU WAR. 




WELLINGTON RIFLES, C().MI•A^•^• 



205 



as the bod_\- was coniiiiittL'd, anil tin- 
ghastly face of the dead seeiiu-d tn Innk 
imploringly upon the vess.d and (_'i)in- 
pany. A majorof the regulars had died 
before leaving the Island, and an ef- 
fort was made to carry his encofifined 
body home, but decomposition l)ecanie 
so 'apparent and. withal, so offensive 
that burial was necessary. That the 
coffin might sink the more readily a 
large c|uantity of iron was added to the 
same, but the formation of gases had 
rendered the casket so buoyant that it 
would not down and, as far as the eye 
could follow it, there remained a large 
]jortion of the object projecting above 
the wave, as though its occupant wmdil 
follow his comrades home again. Xit 
did that one of the ship's crew to whom 
fell the duty of encasing the dead, 
view his task with complacency, in- 
deed, he received his orders each time 
with manifest disapproval, and u>ing 
language far more forcible than polite, 
he sewed up the poor forms that 
mothers afar were even then straining 
their eyes to see. Possibly it was his 
way of keeping his courage up as he 
performed his unwelcome labor. 

There were variations in the vo^-age, 
even though the sea was glass-like in 
its smoothness. When a man went 
craz\' in his illness there was excite- 
ment enough. A member of Company 
H lost his reason thus, and he made 
things lively as he undertook to jump 
overboard. His comrades pursued him 
in his mad race, hardly equaling his 
unnatural speed, and only the suddenl}' 
outstretched arm of an able seaman 
saved him from immersion and per- 
haps death. Those who saw the niis- 
haj) of the chief musician of the 22i\ 
Regulars al\va\s tell the story with 
man^- a laugh. The man was xcry 
much of a dude in iiis manners and 
dress, and on the lOtli he had arrayed 
himself in Itis whitest raiment, and 
under the impression that not even 
King Solomon was thus bedecked, and 
with a plentiful stock of novels, he en- 
sconced himself within the easy em- 
brace of a hammock, (luite oblivious to 



the troubles ,,f the |io,,r ordin.ary mor- 
t.ils alionl liim. I'.nl it has ever been 
th.it piide at its toi)most notch is near- 
est a t.ill, so when a sailor, in his duty 
of trying to change the dull gray of the 
.Mobile to her former jetty hue, as he 
climljcd over the l)ulwarks to the out- 
side staging, accidentally gave his pail 
of black paint a ti]). the 1)lack mass 
spilled and, as it went out of the dish. 
was caught bv ihr wind and com- 
pletely deluged the white-ehid nnisi- 
cian lolling near. He was a sight never 
seen befure. and once beheld could 
never be forgotten. His supercilious 
ways prevented his receiving the sym- 
l);ithies which usually help to salve 
oxer sucli sore places, and hv iiad to 
cleanse his garments alone. 

"Home again, home again, from a 
foreign shore." lias been the song of 
nian\- a weary wanderer ;is hr reaches 
the land that ga\e liim birth. Places 
all along the .Atlantic coast had been 
named as probalile spots where the 
soldiers would spend some time in re- 
cruiting their wearied bodies, but the 
eastern end of Long Island was that 
finally settled upon as best adai)ted to 
their needs, and, well on in the evening 
of .\ugust i8th, the Mobile anchored 
off Montauk Point. To the unskilled 
mind, it were ;i sim|ile m;ifter to land 
the returning bra\e and allow them to 
seek their homes, bnt man\- a stick of 
red tape must lie mirolled liefore those 
iiomes are seen, for i)roteetion to those 
very homes is in the minds of those 
who direct the delay. They must re- 
ni.iin aboard until assurance is had 
that no pestilence aliides with them, 
and e\en then they must be isolated 
till all danger of its dread appearance 
is past. In this way. Friday, the 19th. 
was i)asse(l, all companies being lined 
up and examined, and first the actu- 
ally sick went ot'f. "a God-forsaken 
crowd." one onlooker calls them. 

It is noon of the 20th when the 
"Wellingtons" touch the shore and 
make their way either by conveyance 
or afoot to the detention cam]), a mile 
and a half from the landing. "Where 



206 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



is your company?" asks Major Fair- 
banks of Sergeant Young, who had led 
his diminished line into camp. "Right 
here," is the reply. "But where?" again 
says the Major, "I don't see any com- 
pany." "Well," exclaims the Sergeant, 
here's all I've got," as he points to the 
three or four men who accompanied 
him. Food, such as they have not seen 
for many a day, awaits them, and once 
more they realize how good are old- 
fashioned bread, sandwiches, green 
peas and soup, but survivors have not 
ceased even yet their reproaches 
against the physician who advised 
them to eat heartily of the Bartlett 
pears which injudicious friends had 
sent into the camp. It is claimed by 
some that boys are now in their graves 
through that well-meant but wholly 
improper direction. 

Then came Sunday, and it seemed 
truly (iod's day as the men ate food 
])repare<I in the good old way and 
looked upon scenes something like 
those among which they were reared. 
Milk and eggs are decided to be the 
best items in their bill of fare, and 
these are dealt out to them as they 
need. Monday there comes to the 
"Wellingtons" as their cook a colored 
mail who has filled a similar position 
in "\'>" Coiiipan\'. Tuesday, the boys 
from tlie western |)art of the county 
were gladdened by a \-isit from W. J. 
\'izard of North I'lroDkiieM. and a se- 
vere thunder-storm ciin\-inces them 
that Cuba has no nKinopuly of that 
kind of tempest. 

It is noteworthy that the first home 
contribution came tn the "Welling- 
tons" this day. owing to the thought- 
fulness of Geo. D. Barber, an original 
member of the Company and the treas- 
urer of the \'eteran .\ssociation. He 
was spending Sunday at XA'atch Hill, 
and learning of the arri\al of his old 
friends, he at once set about doing 
something for thrir relief and comfort. 
He parked into a barrel forty dollars' 
worth of Initter. bread and cheese with 
other edibles, besides towels, pails and 
basins, and sent the whole lot along 



without any formal order from his as- 
sociates. "He helps twice wlio helps 
early," and this aid was most oppor- 
tune, considerably forestalling the 
later gifts to the \\'orcester companies 
by the citizens. 

The next day, or Wednesdav the 
24th, their period of detention ended 
and they change camps, moving about 
two miles away from the first stopping 
place and leaving a detail to sweep up 
and remove all rubbish. Thursday 
brought visitors in the shape of Cap- 
tain W. E. Hassam and Geo. Barber, 
both gladly welcomed by their old as- 
sociates. If the men had possessed the 
power to eat, there was food enough 
presented to them to enable them to 
make up for lost time, but nature ar- 
ranges that only about so much can be 
eaten, no matter what the inducement. 
The end is gradually approaching, for 
on the 26th orders are given to be 
ready to move on fifteen minutes' 
notice, and in the afternoon, guns and 
belts are turned in. 

.\ugust 27th is the day to be remem- 
liered by all who had a i)art in its glad 
memories. There is little need to 
sound the 1)ugK-, for are they not going 
home, and what si.nmd is needed to 
arouse men whose onlv thought for 
nu'un- a da\- has been just what this da}- 
is to bring about? They start from 
their camp at six o'clc^ck a.m., and once 
in their arm\-life there is no complaint 
at the early hour. They go aboard the 
steamer Block Island, and at 7.40 
steam away for New London. The}- 
lan<l on Connecticut soil at 9.45. and 
whatexer their former lixes, all are 
pk-ased to be in the Land of Steady 
Habits. With their comrades of A 
ami C, they share the dainties provided 
b\ the good people along their way 
through Connecticut, and again with 
them rejoice at the sight of Governor 
Roger Wolc^tt, who greets them at the 
borders of their own hoi-ne State and, 
with other Worcester boys, get a fore- 
taste of Heaven as they reach the Heart 
of the Commonwealth at 3.45 in the 
afterno(_)n. H(-iw the crowds cheered 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, Ct>.MI'ANV H. 



207 




20S 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



anil liiiw the flaijs \va\"cil ami hnw the 
tears started when the yieople saw 
wliat war was rendering: baektothem, 
is it not already written ? 

Some rode in hacks to their h(imes 
directly, others went through the 
streets to the Armory and thence made 
their way homeward, but to all came, 
as never before, the truth nf the pnet's 
words. "There's no place like himie." 
To them who survived the ordeal <if 
Culi;i ami Lffns: Island came the same 



orders that were given to the other 
ciimpanies of the Second, and eventu- 
all\- tliev. toci, repaired to Springfield, 
there to receive their muster-out and 
t(i l:)ecome, what they formerly were, 
just common every-day citizens of the 
Commonwealth ; }-et not quite the 
same, for in every mind there was a 
consciousness of duty done that comes 
onlv to him who has sworn to per- 
form faithfully his part as a seildier 
true. 



rHE WELLINGTON DE.\D. 



'"All present or accounted for" is an 
expression heard every day of a sol- 
dier's service, if he were present at 
roll-call. ".Accounted for," like charitx-. 
C(j\ers multitiules of, if not sins, at 
least a wide range of possibilities. Had 
the roll been called when the few mem- 
bers rode to the Armory, Aug. 27th, 
the e-xpression would have covered the 
commissioned officers as sick in hos- 
]iital ;ind all others not |)resent as 
buried beneath the sod in Cuba, the 
waves lietween the Island and Alon- 
tauk Point, in hospital somewhere, or 
in their respective homes, unable to re- 
port with their comrades for the final 
act of breaking ranks. .Moist skies at- 
tended their departiu'e and moist eyes 
greeted their return; nor was thestory 
of suft'ering and death to end with the 
return of the soldiers, for on the very 
da_\' when Worcester was extending a 
welcome home to her sons, ;inother 
"W ellinglon" was dying at Montauk, 
and on the morrow still another 
passed; and the death line grew, till, 
in ( )etol)er, thirteen had answered the 
lin;il roll-call. Sinie then two more 
l;a\e res])ouded, and to-day, six years 
after, there are in\ali<N who date their 
illness from (uban pri\ations. 

Ill the baltle'.s lull at Chickamauga, 
during the night (jf ,Sei)teml)er 19th. 
iSd^, only a few hours before he re- 
ci'ix'ed his death shot, ( ieneral \\ illiam 
II. Lytic, connnauiling a brigade of 
Cnion troops, liy the meagre light of a 



tallow candle penned certain lines that 
must tmich responsive chords in the 
hearts of men. as long as humanity con- 
tinues to render u|i its life for home, 
for friends and for the oppressed of all 
nations. His theme was "A Soldier's 
Ca])." and the words are as applicable 
in this the beginning of a new century 
as they were when written more than 
Uirt\ vcars ago, although the Ohio 
(ieneral had no thought of the possi- 
bilities of a war with Spain for the sal- 
vation of Cul)a. The last stanza reads 
as follows, and it is a fitting refrain for 
all the dead of this fair city in the 
struggle for the o\erthrow i:if oppres- 
sion in the new world : 

"Though my darling is sleeping 

To-day with the dead. 
And daisies and clover 

Bloom over his head, 
I smile through my tears 

As I lay it away. 
That battle-worn cap 

Lettered 'Company K.' 

Charles Edmund Luck, the first to 
die in Cuba, \vas a Worcester boy, not 
vet twent\- years old when death 
claimed him. He was born in this city 
.\'ov. iJth. 1S78, the son of Charles P. 
and .\nne (Coonan) Luck, and was re- 
siding on Pleasant Street at the time of 
his enlistment. He was one of Princi- 
pal J. C. Lyford's boys at the Winslow 
."street grammar school, ancl thence en- 
tered the English High in 1895, leav- 
ing the same in his second year to go to 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, COMPANY H. 



209 



work. In tlic employ of Goddarcl & 
Sons, boot manufacturers, when the 
war began, he was a recruit to the 
"W'ellingtons," Init he kept up with the 
best till the malarial influences of the 
siege came on, when, after a period of 
suffering, he yielded up his spirit. His 
body remained in Cuban soil till it was 
taken up and returned to \\'orcester in 
the month of November, '98, and was 
finally afforded rest in Hope Cemetery. 
As no portrait of him had been taken 
since he was twelve years old, no sem- 
blance is given here. 

Aloysius Lincoln Farmer was born 
in Worcester. Dec. 4, 1B80, and was one 
of the smallest and youngest members 
of the Company. As a lad he was a 
pupil in Ledge Street, and was a special 
student at the Holy Cross College 
when he enlisted. Prominent in ath- 
letics, his father a soldier in the War 
of the Rebellion, it was natural for him 
to go into this strife if he could. His 
parents were \\'illiam L. and Mary T. 
(McNulty) Farmer, and the former, 
who died when Allie was four years 
old, had been a member of the First 
Massachusetts Cavalry. The home of 
the family was No. 37 Washington 
Street. He had preceded his comrades 
in getting away from Montauk, and he 
lived till some time later, but his weak- 
ness was such that he could not recu- 
perate, and he passed on October ist, 
his burial being from St. John's 
Church, in St. John's Cemetery. 

Earle Eugene Clarke. — Private Clarke 
was a native of Uxbridge, the son of Ev- 
erett Eugene and Harriet Abbie (Olds) 
Clarke. His education was had in the 
public schools. As he was born De- 
cember 17, 1878, he had not attained the 
age of twenty years when he was called 
home, another of the youthful sacri- 
fices made by the nation in behalf of 
Cuba. He had chosen the vocation of a 
butcher, at least that is the business as- 
signed in his enlistment paper. He was 
one of the boys given by the town of 
Brookfield to the cause. Though he 
passed through the privations of the 
campaign in the Island, he was unable 
to reach the continent with his com- 



rades. Like so man\- others of the reg- 
iment, his illness increased till on the 
17th of .August it terminated in his un- 
timely death, and his body received 
ocean burial. No floral wreaths can be 
placed above the grave of Clarke, but in 
fancy many such are entwined by those 
who loved him. His mother says that 
history was his favorite studv. and it is 
fitting that the final weeks of his brief 
life should have been given in making 
a bright page in the annals of his coun- 
tr}-, one devoted to making Cuba free. 

John Michael Moran, who died at 
Montauk the very day of the Com- 
pany's return, was born in W'est 
Brookfield, -Aug. <). 1879, the son of 
Patrick J. Moran, the latter having 
served throughout the War of the Re- 
bellion, in the 22d Connecticut, and in 
Company K of the 4th U. S. .Artillery. 
His school life was had at Woodland 
Street, whence he went from the eighth 
grade to work. He had been a member 
of the Worcester Drum Corps, and his 
portrait, as given in this volume, is an 
enlarged copy of his face as it appears 
in a Corps group. His brother ^^'illiam 
had gone to California, and when the 
war came on, enlisting in the ist Cali- 
fornia, he went to the Philippines. 
Coming back to the United States, 
John did not rally as did some of his 
fellows, and when the Company left 
Montauk, he remained, though his peo- 
ple did not know that he was not 
coming. The mother had prepared a 
supper for her boy and his sisters were 
at the station to greet him, but no 
brother came, nor did they receive any 
word as to whv he failed them. .Again 
at the midnight train a faithful sister 
watched for the alighting of the soldier 
boy, but not till the papers of Sunday 
morning came did the anxious house- 
hold know why the son and brother 
was not there. He died Aug, 27th. His 
body rests in St. John's Cemetery. The 
home of the family is on Parker Street. 

Fabian Hakanson, who died August 
6th, was born in Sweden, May 17th, 
1878, the son of Charles A. Hakanson 
and wife. His boyhood home on Ward 
Street was near Millbury Street, and 



210 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



from thf fashioning care of Principal 
F. P. McKeon he went to a business 
college and thence to the employment 
of Barnard, Sumner & Putnam Com- 
pany. The same sterling blood which 
had prompted Swedes of years ago to 
follow Gustavus Vasa and Adolphus 
and Charles the Twelfth, stirred that 
of the erstwhile clerk to fight for the 



comrades, rode with them to the Ar- 
mor}', but the effort was quite too 
much for him. Soon after leaving the 
train he had a chill, and later was con- 
veyed to his home on North Street. 
He was born in Worcester, Nov. 14th, 
1876, the son of Martin and Josie (Hay- 
den) Moore. He was by trade a wire- 
worker, and his first essav to enlist 




John M. Moran. 



J. J. McI.Ai 
Allie L. F. 



oppressed and, having passed a suc- 
cessful examination, he was proud to 
march away with the '"W^ellingtons," 
Init he was one of those who were not 
to retin-n with his comrades. Later 
his body was rendered back and it 
now sleeps in the Swedish Cemetery 
at New Worcester, the burial being 
from Union Church. 

John J. Moore came home with his 



was with the Emmets, but, unsuccess- 
ful there, he afterwards entered Com- 
pany H. The very next day after the 
return, having another chill, he was 
ordered to St. \'incent's Hospital, 
where he died on the 31st of August, 
just three days later. 

Alston Dwight Kimball, the son of 
Herbert A. and Sarah C. (Morse) 
Kimball, was born in Southbridge, 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, COMPANY II. 



2U 



November 2, 1872. A large part of his 
boyhood was spent on Dix Street, 
Worcester, and his early schooling was 
had on that street also, a ]nipil of Prin- 
cipal \\'ni. H. Bartlctt. ami later he en- 
tered the Classical High School. Sub- 
sequently he became a salesman, and 
was thus employed when the war be- 
gan. Returning to Worcester he so- 
licited and secured the consent of his 
parents to enlist. His first choice was 
the navy, but his father dissuaded him 
from that plan, and being an intimate 
friend of Captain Holden, persuaded 
him to risk his fortunes with the 
"Wellingtons." Frequent extracts 
from his home letters in this volume 
attest how well he endured the cam- 
paign till he reached Montauk. There 
the tale was soon told, and on the 28th, 
the day after his comrades had their 
reception in Worcester, he was re- 
ceived into a higher realm, where 
there would be no more going out 
forever. By the side of the body of 
his younger brother, Frank, in Hope 
Cemetery, all that is mortal of AUie 
awaits the resurrection. 

John James i^IcLaughlin was a native 
of Worcester, born April 22d, 1874. 
His parents were John and Margaret 
(Scanlon) McLaughlin, and his early 
home on 'Dorrance Street made him a 
pupil in the neighboring Cambridge 
Street school, where he grew up undei* 
the tutelage of that admirable director 
of youth, Miss Carrie S. George. From 
school he became an iron-worker and 
in that capacity the war found him. -\s 
a member of the "Wellingtons" he 
bore his part till the return of the Com- 
pany, when, going to the hospital, he 
was unable to make the trip home with 
the regiment, but was brought liack 
some days later b\' his aunt. After 
his recovery he gained in flesh, becom- 
ing, as his portrait shows, quite stout. 
During this time he was married to 
Miss Mary O'Day of this city, who, 
with a daughter, survives him. Though 
apparently well, he was subject to pe- 
riods of illness, evidently the result of 
his Cuban experience, ami finally. 



October 2d, 1902, death ended his suf- 
ferings. His burial, from the Church 
of the Sacred Heart, was in St. John's 
Cemetery. 

\\'m. Capen Green. — Though liurn 
in Worcester, Dec. 12, 1877, the son of 
Ellis and Ellen M. (Capen) Green, 
this member of the "Wellingtons" 
hailed from Spencer, in which sterling 
hill township the larger part of his short 
life was spent. He had the advantages of 
the excellent schools of Spencer and 
was graduated from the David Prouty 
High School in 1897, having a part in 
the graduating exercises. During his 
school life he was conspicuous in ath- 
letics, carrying the pennon of his class 
and school well to the front on many 
occasions. His active, strenuous nature 
led him to join a local hose company, 
and none were more interested than he. 
From the school to wage earning was 
a short step, and he was in the employ 
of the Isaac Prouty Boot and Shoe 
Company when the standard of war 
was erected. Devoted though he was 
to his home, to his vigorous tempera- 
ment enlistment seemed the only 
proper thing, and he was among the 
earlv recruits to the Company. How 
he did his duty in camji, on the march, 
and in the field — are not the items writ- 
ten on the memories of all his com- 
rades? He was one of the victims of 
fever, Aug. 9th, the scourge which 
slew so many more of our boys than 
the bullet or the bayonet. His body 
lay in Cuban soil till' late in the year, 
when with so many others it was 
brought liack to his home town and 
there reburied. The Spencer Leader of 
Sept. 3d gives a whole page to a me- 
morial of the young man, and from a 
poem by Mrs. Xellie Thayer Bemis, 
the following stanza is selected: 

"Hang the Hags at half mast! 

For our hero brave and true. 
Who gave his hie in our Country's cause 

'Neath the red. the white, tlie bhie." 

Marvin Fisher Ames. — Corporal 
Ames was a gift of the Empire State 
to Massachusetts, being a native of 

Walton, a township among the moun- 



212 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



tains of Delaware Cmmt y, and was the 
son of John Fisher and Mar)- Anne 
(Beach) Ames. He was born Nov. 
28th. 1868. The father was a veteran 
of the Civil War. having served his 
country in Company A of the 144th 
New York Infantry. Having had the 
advantages of the public schools of 
New York State, he came to Worcester 
and here took a course in Hinman's 
Business College, and after that 
studied law with Charles Frank Ste- 
vens, Esq., taking the place formerly 
held by his brother. He had been here 
about six years when the war began. 
Commenting on his death, Air. Ste- 
vens says: "Marvin Ames was worth 
more than the whole island of Cuba." 
Always interested in military matters, 
he was a charter member of \\ illie 
Grout Camp, Sons of Veterans, where 
to this day his memory is fondly cher- 
ished, and he was also one of the or- 
ganizers of the ••Wellingtons." He was 
ever found in the path of duty till 
stricken d(_)wn with the malady com- 
mon to those who sought Cuba during 
these superheated days. He died Aug. 
13th, 1898, and, being a yellow fever 
suspect, his body was not returned 
with those of his comrades, but re- 
mained in the land he had given his life 
to save, till the spring of 1900. It was 
March 2d of that year that the closely 
sealed casket, itself enclosed in a 
heavy iron-bound box, was received by 
Sessions & Sons. The latter covered 
the box with black broadclnth. and tw< > 
days later it was borne to the Church 
of the Unity, where a great assemblv 
of the bodies represented by him was 
gathered to ])av their last tribute to his 
memory. The Rev. F. L. Phalen, pas- 
tor of the Church and Chaplain of the 
2(1 M. \'. .M.. conducted the services, 
while the eulogy was pronounced bv 
Frank P. C.oulding, Esq., of the Wor- 
cester County Bar, of which the de- 
ceased had been a member. By the 
side of the flag-covered bier, the elo- 
quent speaker was at his best. Willie 
Grout Cam]), under the command of 
Captain A. R. .Mc.\dani, held the right 



of the line; the "Wellingtons," under 
Captain Charles S. Holden, turned out 
fifty-five men ; twenty-five veterans 
from Post 10, G. A. R., were present; 
of the Camp of Spanish \\'ar Veterans 
there were ten representatives, and of 
the •■^\'ellington" veteran organization, 
under command of George D. Barber, 
there were twent}'. Also there were 
delegations from the General Charles 
Devens Chapter of American Mechan- 
ics and from the Worcester Countv 
Bar. The next day, March 5th, the 
liodv was taken to Corporal Ames' old 
home in the Empire State, under the 
care of Lieutenant H. C. Young, Ser- 
geants F. P. Jordan. A. F. Love. Cor- 
poral George E. Burr. Privates E. W. 
Lawrence and J. B. Nault, with Cap- 
tain McAdam of the Sons of Veterans. 
On arriving in Walton, final funeral 
exercises were held in the boyhood 
home of Corporal Ames, and there his 
body now reposes. The expenses in- 
cident to his burial were borne by the 
different organizations in which he 
was interested, under the direction 
and instance of the Willie Grout Camp, 
S. C). y. Alany genecous gifts were 
made, perhaps none more so than that 
of Sessions & Sons, undertakers, who 
donated their services. 

Thomas Francis Keevan. — Westboro 
did not send many representatives into 
the Cuban strife, but of the few one 
was Private Keevan, a native of the 
town and a son of Thomas and Ellen 
(Burns) Keevan, born May I", 1873. 
The father had been a soldier in the 
Rebellion days, being a member of 
Company I of the 50th, the company 
wdiich has been known for many - 
year as the "Fmniets." Thomas Fran- 
cis had his schooling in his birth town 
and became, in due time, a machinist. 
It was in this capacity that the war 
foun<l him, and the services of the 
father so long before prompted the 
son to go and do likewise; thus we 
find him in the ranks of the "Welling- 
tons." With his fellows he did his 
dutv to the eiiil, and when he reached 
Westboro on his return, he met a re- 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, COMi'AXY H. 



213 



ception whose iiieiiKjries linf,'cr _\et 
among those who had a part, or beheld 
the enthusiasm which greeted the 
home-coming of the young man. lUit 
the inevitable illness which accom- 
panied the Cuban campaigners seized 
him, and for five months he languished, 
a victim of the fever so fatal to many. 
Though he partially recovered, it was 
only to linger weak in body and de- 
ranged in mind till April 12, 1901, wdien. 



George Warren Hodgins. — One of 
the older men of the Company, seem- 
ingl\- Hodgins should have endured 
the hardships of war better than the 
majority, but he succuml)ed earlier than 
many and was anK)ng those left on the 
Island when the regiment returned. 
The son of William and Eliza (Nason) 
Hodgins, he was born on a farm in 
Calais, Maine, March ijlh, 1864, dur- 
ing that battle summer which sealed the 




Corp. C. .M. Have. 
r,. W. Hodgins. 



by his own hand, he hastened his de- 
parture from this world. Though the 
word suicide is applied to his going, 
there was no responsibility on his part ; 
the blame goes further back, to the pri- 
vations of his stay in Cuba. His bodv 
rests in St. John's Cemetery, Worces- 
ter, where the grave is annually vis- 
ited bv his surviving comrades. 



fate of the Confederacy, though he was 
not the son of a veteran, since a defect 
in his father's right eye prevented his 
enlistment. Boyhood was given to 
farm work and the jniblic schools, with 
a short time in a shop in Calais, till 
the winter of i883-'84, when he took a 
course in Eastman's Business College 
of Poughkeepsie, X. Y. The fall of 



214 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



1885 found him in Worcester, wherein 
the shop of F. E. Reed Co. he learned 
the trade of machinist. He remained 
here four years, going then to the em- 
ploy of L. Robbins, where he had 
charge of the planing work till late in 
1896. He was a call member of the Fire 
Department and was considered a most 
efificient man. His name is recalled 
with fervor to this day at the Beacon 
Street engine house. Then for a year 
and a half he was with his father in 
Maine, coming back to F. E. Reed's 
shop, March ist, i8g8, where the war 
found him. He died Sept. 12th, aboard 
the transport Missouri, when on his 
way home, his body receiving ocean 
burial. It is remembered by an officer 
of the Company that when, on enlist- 
ing, the recruit was asked the name of 
a friend to whom his name and data 
should be sent in case of death, Hodg- 
ins said : "That is a good idea, for I have 
no expectations of coming home alive." 
A member of Salem Square Congre- 
gational Church, now merged with 
Union, he was a most exemplary sol- 
dier. His mother died in 1887. His 
father survives at the age of seventy- 




Harvey Randall 



six vears, and a brother and sister live 
in this city. 

Harvey Randall was born in j\Iont- 
pellier, France, Nov. 28th, 1877, the son 
of American parents, then in this foreign 
land, said parents being Dr. Mer- 
ton Orlando and Myra (Hubbard 1 
Randall. Dr. Randall is a resident of 
Pasadena. California, and there his son 
received his education, graduating 
from the high school of that city in 
1897. He came east that he might learn 
the trade of machinist, being in the 
employ of F. E. Reed Co. Dr. Ran- 
dall was not of military age during tlu- 
Rebellion, but our young soldier had 
martial relatives in that he was related 
to the late Dr. J. Oramel IMartin of 
Worcester, an army surgeon in 1861. 

Randall was the Company musician, 
and his was the bugle call which sum- 
moned the men when the alarm from 
Las Guasimas startled the bathers at 
Siboney. The rigors of Cuban life 
quickly told on Private Randall, and 
his was one of the early deaths in the 
Company, his body remaining in Cuban 
soil till the return of soldierly remains 
later in the season. Its final burial is 
in the faniilv lot at Norwich, Chenango 
Countv, New York. That a bright. 
ho|icful young life should be thus sum- 
marily ended, is deeply distressing, 
and doubly so when we reflect that 
more adequate care and attention on 
the part of the government might have 
prevented this and many similar trag- 
edies. 

Charles Maxwell Haye was another 
gift of the Empire State to Massachu- 
setts and the nation. The son of Chas 
Maxwell and Matilda M. (Rider) 
Have, he was born in Chazy, Clinton 
County. N. Y., Sept. 10, 1877. His ed- 
ucation was that of the public schools 
of his native State, terminating, as far 
as the schools were concerned, in the 
high school of Plattsburg. His occupa- 
tion was that of a machinist, and lat- 
terly had worked as an electrician, 
though at the time of his enlistment he 
was in the employ of Braman, Dow & 
Co., steam fitters. He was well known 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, COMPANY H. 



215 



among cyclists, and at one time had 
worked for the Speirs ^lanufacturing 
Co. He had been a member of H 
Company for some time, and was 
known as an athlete, being one of the 
largest men, physically, in the organi- 
zation, and in its basketball contests 
he was a star player. At one time he 
was a reporter on the Worcester Tel- 
egram, and that journal ascribes to 
him an excellent degree of industry and 
faithfulness. He was ill when the Mo- 
bile reached Montauk, and was taken 
to the hospital, where he steadily grew 
worse, no efforts on the part of the 
physicians being able to stay his dis- 
ease. He died Sept. 3d, and his body 
was taken for burial to the National 
Cemetery of Cypress Hills, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. Though afar from the scenes 
of active life, his comrades do not for- 
get him, and each ^lemorial Day, at 
their expense, flowers are laid upon his 
grave. His mother resides in Lowell. 
Silas Undergrave. — When the call 
for enlistments came, among the many 
responding were two brothers from 
Millburv. " Though of French extrac- 
tion, thev were American born and had 



jiassed through the usual rciutine of 
public school life. They were jaleased 
enough at being accepted by the offi- 
cers of the '"Wellingtons," and with 
high hopes they marched away from 
the city on that morning in early May. 
However, when they came to face the 
examination in Camji Dewey, as in 
Bible days, one was taken and the 
other left. Silas was, as he thought, 
the lucky one, while Fred returned to 
Worcester. Both were sons of Silas 
Undergrave of Alillbury. where Silas 
was born, Feb. 14th, 1872. When the 
war began he was working as a baker 
on Norwich Street. With his fellows, 
he had the ups and downs of Camp 
Dewey, Lakeland. Tampa and the 
Cuban campaign, but was one of the 
first to yield to the attack of fever, and 
was the very first A\'orcester volunteer 
to die on the far-off Island. A victim 
of tyi^hoid, he passed away .Vugust 
1st, almost before the real trials of the 
Cuban stay had begun, .\fter its re- 
pose for months in Cuba, his body was 
returned to his country and now rests 
in the Catholic Cemetery of Millbury. 



AT PRESENT. 



The following is a list of the surviv- 
ing members of the Company during 
the war, and, so far as possible, the 
present residence and occupation of 
each man. Unless otherwise stated, 
the state is Massachusetts, the place 
\\"orcester. 

Captain Charles S. Holden, manufac- 
turer. Common Council. 

First Lieutenant Edward B. Fish, man- 
ufacturer, Rochester, N. H. 

Second Lieutenant Harry T. Cray, 
merchant. 

Sergeant Charles E. Monroe, electri- 
cian. New York city. 

Sergeant Clarence E. Smith, assistant 
superintendent. 

Sergeant Harry C. Young, bookkeeper. 

Sergeant Dexter E. Brigham, produce 
dealer. 

Sergeant Frederick B. Jordan, mer- 
chant. 



Sergeant Frank L. \'aughn. book- 
keeper. 

Corporal Joseph L. King, 25 Merrick. 

Corporal William H. King, electrician, 
Boston. 

Corporal Albert B. Scott, entertain- 
ment bureau. 

Corporal .\lbert F. Love, regulator. 

Musician \\'illiam H. Wood, Jr., clerk, 
Boston. 

.\rtificer Archie L. I'urinton, locksmith. 

Wagoner Louie S. Jones, salesman, 
Rochester, N. Y. 



\\'alter G. Adams, foreman. 

John D. Allen, piano-maker, Spring- 
field. Real name, Aliliii. 

Harry C. Amell, Fire Department. 

Will O. Bachelor, draughtsman, Har- 
vey, 111. 

Joseph A. Barrett, barber. 



216 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



William MacC. Bond, U. S. A. 
Herbert A. Coates, engineer. 
Clarence E. Cook, laundryman. 
Joseph DeMarco. banker and notary 

public. 
Charles H. Ditson, carpenter, Sutton. 
Otto L. Fagerstrom, U. S. A. 
Charles J. Flint, machinist. 
Chester M. Fuller, piano-tuner, Boston. 
Thomas H. Gagnt^n, collector. 
Joseph S. Gendron, reporter. 
George C. Gilmore, foreman. 
John H. Gilmore, wool-sorter. 
Willis Gleason, real estate. 
Frank M. Hill, painter. 
Walter F. Hooker, belt-maker. 
Frederick R. Jefferson, clerk. 
Jeremiah W. King, fireman. 
Franz H. Krebs, Jr., lawyer, Boston. 
Everett W. Lawrence, laundryman. 
Joseph T. Lindsey, pattern-maker. 
John C. Mac Kay. clerk, Spencer. 



Malcom W. MacNiven, cook, Boston. 

Dexter Miner, buffer. 

Henry M. Mirick, fireman. 

Henry A. Mower, foreman. 

John B. Nault, machinist. Boston. 

Albert E. Newton, draughtsman. 

Arthur T- Paradis, last-maker. 

AlV)ert W. Pratt, U. S. A. 

James F. Quilty. clerk, 

Charles P. Reynolds, mill hand. 

Geo. L. Shedd, clerk. New York city. 

Charles F. Sleeper, conductor. 

William H. Stiles, woodworker, New- 
castle, Ind. 

Fred \\'. Taft. agent, W'ebster. 

Clarence W. Thompson, bookkeeper. 

iMI^ert H. Tourtelotte. shoe-cutter, 
Lynn. 

George L. Trudel, ]5ressnian. 

Edgar H. \'osburg, machinist. 

John C. \\'are, bookkeeper. 

Leaver Whittaker. expressman. 



MusTER-i.\ Roll of Comp.\nv H, 2D Reiu.mlxt, ^L\ssachusetts \'i)lun- 

TEERS, in the SeRVICE OF THE L^NITED St.\TES FOR TwO YeARS FROM MaY 

9, 1898, LTnless Sooner Discharced. 

[The data, in order, cover rank, name, age, birthplace and occnpation,] 



corporals. 

Marvin F. Ames, 29, Walton, N. Y., 
lawyer. 

Joseph L. King, 22. Worcester, book- 
keejjer. 

William H. King, nj, Worcester, elec- 
trician. 

Charles M. Haye, 21, Chazy, N. Y., 
steam fitter. 

Albert B. Scott. 31, Worcester, organ- 
maker. 

Albert F. Love. 22. Worcester, piano- 
maker. 

MUSICIANS. 

Harvey Randall, 20, Montpellier, 
France, machinist. 
Clarence'EVSniith, 24, Worcester, clerk. ^ViUiam H. Wood, Jr.,25, Boston, clerk. 
Harrv C. Young. 26. Providence, R. L, ,,,-,.,,-,.,-„ 

jeweler. 
Dexter E. I'.righam. 38. Shrewsburv. Archie L. I'urintcm. 25, Shrewsbury, 

merchant. " ' locksmith. 

Frederick B. hirdan. 22, Worcester, ,,• ,..,,^.,-„ 

bookkeeper. 
Frank L. \'aughn. 29, W'aitsfield, \'t., Louie S. Jones, 23, East Douglas, 

bookkee[H'r. salesman. 



Charles S. Holden. 41, Hiilden, manu- 
facturer. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT. 

Edward Li. I'ish, 2~. Wnrcester, mer- 
chant. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT. 

Han-y T. ( 'iray, 22. /\.yer, bookkeeper. 

SERGEANTS. 

Charles E. Monroe, 26, Shrewsbury, 
electrician. 



WELLINGTON RIFLES, COMPANY It. 



217 



PRIVATES. 

Adams, ^\'aItcr G.. 24, Worcester, 

butcher. 
Allen, John D.. 19, Worcester, pho- 
tographer. Real name. Ahlin. 
Amell, Harrv C. 20. ]\Iontpelier, \'t., 

clerk. 
Bachelor, Will ().. nj, ILiiJkint.ni. 

draughtsman. 
Barrett. Jos. A., 32, Springfield, barber. 
Bond, William MacC. 18, Worcester. 

insurance. 
Buck. Chas. E., 20. ^\'orcester, student. 
Clarke, Earle E.. 21, Uxbridge, butcher. 
Coates, Herbert A., 21, St. Andrews. 

N. B., housesmith. 
Cook. Clarence E., 2y, Woonsocket, 

R. I., laundryman. 
DeMarco, Joseph, 25, Potenza, Italy, 

notary public. 
Ditson. Charles H.. 20, Somerset, Me.. 

carpenter. 
Fagerstrom, Otto L., 21. Werland. 

Sweden, plater. 
Farmer, Allie L.. 19, ^^'orcester. stu- 
dent. 
Flint, Charles J., 22, ^^'orcester, ship- 
ping clerk. 
Fuller, Chester M.. 22. \\'orcester. 

salesman. 
Gagnon, Thomas H.. 25. Hopedale. 

collector. 
Gendron, Joseph S.. 21, Baltic, Conn., 

salesman. 
Gilmore, George C, 22. Hamilton, 

Iowa, clerk. 
Gilmore, John H.. 25, Worcester, wool- 
sorter. 
Gleason, W ill is. 26, Drookfield. engineer. 
Green, William C, 20. Worcester, 

bootmaker. 
Hakanson. l"al)ian H., 20, Worcester, 

clerk. 
Hill. Frank M., 26, Winchendon, clerk. 
Hodgins, George W., 34, Calais, Me.. 

machinist. 
Hooker, Walter F.,22, Worcester, clerk. 
Jefferson, Frederick R.. 26. Hamilton. 

Canada, clerk. 
Keevan. Thomas F.. 25. \\'estboro. 

machinist. 
Kimball, Alston D., 25, Southbridge. 

salesman. 



King. Jeremiah W.. 10. Worcester, 
gardener. 

Krehs. Franz H.. Jr., 29, Boston, stu- 
dent. 

Lawrence. Everett W'.. 19. Worcester, 
l^rinter. 

Liudsey. Joseph T., 19. Prospect, Me., 
carpenter. 

Mac Kay, John C. 20. London. Eng- 
land, farmer. 

McLaughlin, John J.. 2^, Worcester, 
brazer. 

MacXiven. Malcom W., 24. Cohoes, 
X. Y., printer. 

Aliner. De.xter. 20. Worcester, nickel 
plater. 

Mirick. Henry Al., 29, Princeton, in- 
spector. 

Moore. John J.. 22. \\'orcester. wire- 
worker. 

IMoran. John M.. 20, Brookfield, shoe- 
maker. 

Mower. Henry .A., 38, West Brook- 
field, manufacturer. 

Xault. John P>.. 22. Woodstock, Conn., 
machinist. 

Xewton. Albert E., 20. \\'orcester, ma- 
chinist. 

Paradis, Arthur J.. 25. Montreal. Can- 
ada. Ia6t-maker. 

Pratt, Albert W.. 24, A\'orcester, clerk. 

Ouiltv. James F., 19. \Vorcester, clerk. 

Reynolds, Charles P.. 18. Montville, 
Conn., mill hand. 

Shedd. Geo. L.. 24, Boston, collector. 

Sleeper, Charles F., 21, Warren, ma- 
chinist. 

Stiles. William H.. },;},, Bridgewater, 
\'t.. cal)inet-maker. 

Taft, Fred \\'., 30, Hingham, salesman. 

Thompson, Clarence W.. 20, Worces- 
ter, electrician. 

Tourtelotte. .Mliert H.. 25. Si)enccr, 
shoe-cutter. 

Trudel. George L., 26, .Mbany, X. V., 
printer. 

L'ndergrave, Silas. 25. Millbur}-. l)aker. 

X'osburg. Edgar H.. 28. Ellenburg. 
X. v.. machinist. 

Ware. Ji:)hn C. 22, Holliston. book- 
keeper. 

Whittaker. Leaver. 19. Worcester, 
wood-worker. 



218 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 






Captain Jeremiah ]. Movmhan. 
First Liei:t. John F. Hurley. Second Lieut. William E. McCji 

EMMET CUARDS COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 



EMMF^T Gl'AKnS, COMPANY G. 



219 



Worcester in the Spanish War. 

EMMET GUARDS, COMPANY G, 9TH REGIMENT, M. V. M. 




E\T)TEDLY. enthusiastic- 

Dally American, the "Em- 
mets" never forget their 
Irish origin nor the patriot 
whose name they bear, but 
the Company, with all its 
history, was not the first 
Worcester military organi- 
zation that, in donning the 
blue, did not forget the 
green. There were heroes 
before Hercules. As early 
as 1852. \\'orcester Hibernians, in or- 
ganizing the Jackson Guards, really 
became the first martially arrayed 
Irishmen in Massachusetts. 

In battling for himself, or, as is more 
often the case, for another, a true son 
of Erin ever did enjoy the din of arms. 
With the Household Troops in French 
array at Fontenoy, or with Sarsfield at 
Boyne Water, he fought no more val- 
iantly than with \\'ellington at Water- 
loo, and in the Irish Ninth at Freder- 
icksburg. Fifty-two years ago, people 
of Irish birth in Worcester were not 
so numerous as in later times, but 
racial traits were just as strong then 
as now ; many a lad from the Evergreen 
Isle was ready to be the Minstrel Boy 
in fact as well as fancy, and, ere 
another decade had sped away, the 
local bard might truly sing that his 
Worcester boy 

"to tlie war lias gone. 
In the ranks of death, you'll find him;" 

for, among the would-be soldiers who, 
in the heated nights of August, 1852, 
met in Fenwick Hall to organize a 
military company, were men and boys 
who ten years later were to seal with 
their life's blood their devotion to this 
their newh' made home. 



1852. 

Fortunately for history's sake, W'or- 
cester has not been lacking in those 
disposed to note the passing event, and 
Richard O'Flynn has long been her 
Irish Old Mortality, ready to keep legi- 
ble the ancient inscription and to re- 
cord the happenings of each recurring 
day. Equally quick to recognize the 
merit of records already made and tire- 
less in their transcription, he has be- 
come a thesaurus of Irish fact in and 
for the Heart of the Commonwealth. 
It was a lucky thing that the records 
of the early meetings of the Jackson 
Guards fell into the hands of the late 
Andrew Athy, and of equal good for- 
tune was it that Mr. O'Flynn was 
ready and able to copy each and every 
word for the sake of posterity. It was 
August the 9th, 1852, that the first 
gathering was had in Fenwick Hall, 
and among those who signed the roll, 
on that opening night, was Andrew 
Athy himself, and he was a member 
when the Guards were summarily dis- 
banded less than three years later. 

The opening sentence of these rec- 
ords is : "The adopted citizens of Wor- 
cester held a meeting at Fenwick Hall 
to take into consideration the proi)riety 
of forming a militia company." Then 
or later tlie members voted that the ob- 
ject of the organization was to uphold 
and advance the Constitution of the 
United States, that the standard stature 
for members be five feet and seven 
inches, that no man should be proposed 
for membership unless of good charac- 
ter and position, and that any one be- 
longing to the Guards seen publicly 
drunk "shall be dealt with by his com- 
rades." At the third meeting, August 



220 



WORCESTKR IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



i6, it was voted that the Coiiipaiiy be 
called the Jackson (kiards. a trilnite to 
Old Hickory, whose Irish antecedents 
evidently had impressed these later ar- 
rivals from Hibernia. At the same 
meeting a committee of three was ap- 
pointee! to wait upon General George 
Hobbs, the local representative of the 



cer Colonel W. A. Williams, who 
promised to present it to the Governor, 
then George S. Boutwell, and to give 
the project his support. 

But the military ambitions of our 
voung Irishmen were not to be easily 
realized, for at the eleventh meeting, 
September lo, in the presence of a large 




militia, and present to him their peti- 
tion for reoignitinn. ( )wing to a lack- 
ing in the ])r(iper number of signatures, 
the General declined to receive the 
document. The necessary names were 
soon secured and the ])recious paper 
was intrusted to the care of Staff Offi- 



number of people, it was announced 
that the Governor had refused to grant 
the petition, on the grounds that the 
expression "adopted citizens" was ob- 
jectionable. Elotpience was not want- 
ing at this stage of proceedings and 
many pmclaimed their determination 



EMMET GUARDS, COMTANY G. 



221 



to never, no never, support the Demo- 
cratic party again, the Governor then 
being of that political strain, a result 
of the famous first coalition, but wise 
counsels prevailed, a committee was 
appointed to present to the Governor 
an amended petition, and, from subse- 
quent events, it may be supposed that 
rancor against the Democratic party 
gradually cooled. With the amended 
document, signed by fifty members, 
another efi^ort was made to join the 
militia, and this entry for September 
2ist tells the story of success: 

The deputation waited on Governor Bout- 
well, the 2ist Sept.: were introduced by W. F. 
Kelly, Esq., of Boston. The Governor received 
the deputation kindly, told them that there was 
no action taken on the former petition, and 
that our request should be attended to. We 
got the charter at last. It was sent the same 
evening to General Hobbs. 

Hence the 21st of September may 
1)6 taken as the birthday of Irish mili- 
tarism in Massachusetts, and the date 
is significant, for the same numerals 
indicate a freeman's majority. 

The earliest drill room was in the 
stone edifice on Front Street, now 
numbered 236, and occupied by James 

E. Guerin, druggist ; later the Company 
drilled in what was known as Warren 
Hall on Pearl Street, now a billiard 
room. The first drillmaster was Major 

F. G. Stiles, then an active member of 
the Light Infantry, now President of 
its \'eterans. Permanent officers were 
elected October 15th, and Michael 
O'Driscoll was the first Captain. Of the 
career of the Guards in subsequent 
months, how they were drilled by Ad- 
jutant, afterwards Lieut. -colonel, J. M. 
Studley of the 51st, how they purged 
themselves of unworthy members and 
of their general progress, it would be 
interesting to write, but it is rather of 
their successors that this sketch is to 
treat. However, space must be taken 
to state that their contemporaries and 
associates in the militia did not receive 
them kindly, and they had no end of 
the fiercest prejudice to encounter. 
There was no attempt to impugn their 
military bearing, nor their worthiness 
as solcliers, but thev were a later im- 



portation than their critics, hence the 
objectionable e])ithets ajiplied to them 
when they a])peare(l u]K)n the inuster 
field. "Paddies" was a word frecjuently 
in the mouths of their traducers, and 
certain comiianies even refused to ap- 
pear in line with the Jacksons, but the 
proper officers speedily took that spirit 
out of the oljjectors. and in the tnatter 
of excellence in drill, the honors by no 
means lay with the "earlier here." 

In 1853 the annual muster was at 
Leominster, and was marked bv certain 
discourtesies disagreeable to experi- 
ence, but the culmination of prejudice 
and hatred came at the Longmeadow 
muster of 1854. This was the year of 
''Xative American" bitterness and cer- 
tain companies of the 8th Regiment 
proclaimed their intention to drive the 
"Paddies" from the field. The Colonel 
of the 8th very kindly informed Cap- 
tain O'Driscoll of the plot, and the lat- 
ter prepared his "bo^-s" for the scrim- 
mage by giving to each one twenty 
rounds of ball cartridges, to be carried 
on the person, not in their regulation 
boxes. Somehow knowledge of this 
fact became known to the bucolic com- 
panies, and their anxiety for a scrap 
with the Irish lessened rapidly and had 
no actual manifestation. After fifty 
years, we can sj-mpathize with the 
words of a contemporary when he said, 
"It was indeed a matter of thanksgiv- 
ing that no attack was made," for the 
men wlio subsequently fought for the 
flag on so many fiercely contested 
fields would not have yielded a single 
inch. The discretion of their detract- 
ors was commendable. 

Unfortunately, the lines of the Jack- 
son (hiards had fallen on the evil days 
leading up to the famous Know-Xoth- 
ing spasm in national life. In 1854 this 
part}', proclaiming its determination to 
exclude all foreigners from political 
privileges, triumphed at the polls and 
sent a practically unanimous Legisla- 
ture to Boston and elected as Governor 
Henry J. Gardner. One of the refrains 
of the campaign was the disbandment 
of the Irish companies in tlie militia, 
and in due time the prnmise was kept. 



222 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



Early in January, 1855, Governor Gard- 
ner, with the consent of the Council, 
issued the order disbanding Irish com- 
panies in Boston, Lawrence, Lowell and 
Worcester, seven in all. Great was the 
indignation of the parties chiefly af- 
fected, and other people blushed that 
race audi creed should form barriers to 
the performance of military duty. Of 
course the "Jacksons" met and pro- 



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tested, but as Colonel John Hay has 
said in verses of a later day, 

"Vou may resolute till the cows come home," 

they could not overcome the stubborn 
fact that as militiamen they no longer 
existed. The Adjutant-general of the 
Commonwealth, Ebenezer Stone, came 
to the city February 17th, and, having 
broken into the Company's armory, re- 
moved all of the public property and 
carried it to the railroad station for 
transportation to Boston. It should be 
stated that the men had refused to give 



up their arms and eciuipments. The 
spoliation of the Armory having been 
learned by Captain O'Driscoll, he has- 
tened to secure a warrant for the arrest 
of General Stone, but the officer was 
speedily released on bail by Mayor Geo. 
W. Richardson. February 20th, there 
was an indignation meeting in Fenwick 
Hall, the very place where the Company 
was organized, and speech was rife and 
earnest over the untimely end, though 
the outcome was the conclusion to let 
the matter drop, a committee having 
already waited upon Benjamin F. But- 
ler of Lowell, subsec|uently the famous 
officer and statesman, who advised 
them thus, since the Governor had the 
pdwer to do as he had done. Here the 
matter ended, but the memory rankled 
fur many a long day. In the light of 
later history, when so large a number of 
these despised Irishmen gave their lives 
for their adopted country, such a story 
as that outlined seems almost incredi- 
ble. At least ten of the names borne 
on the rolls of the "Jacksons" reap- 
peared on that of the "Emmets" when 
the latter Company, under Major 
Chas. Devens, in April, 1861, marched 
away for Baltimore. A large propor- 
tion of the men served in some capac- 
ity between Fort Sumter and Appo- 
mattox. 

The following is the executive action 
co\cring the disbandment of the sev- 
eral ci impanies : 



Commonwealth of Massachu.setts, 

Executive Department, 

Council Chamber, Jan. 12th, 1855. 

The Committee on the Militia to whom was 
referred by His Excellency the Commander-in- 
chief the report made to him by the Adjutant- 
general in regard to the composition of certain 
military companies mentioned in said report, the 
communication of Thomas Cass, Captain of Co. 
B, of the 5th Regiment of Artillery, and also 
a communication from B. F. Edmands, Major- 
general of the ist Division of the militia of the 
Commonwealth, with other accompanying doc- 
uments, have considered the matter referred to 
them, and report that, from the evidence fur- 
nished them, they believe the several compa- 
nies named in the report of the Adjutant-gen- 
eral are composed of persons "foreigners or of 
foreign extraction;" that His Excellency as 
Commander-in-chief has the power legal and 
constitutional to disband any military company. 



EMMET GUARDS, COMPANY G. 



223 



with the ad\ice and consent of the Council, 
and that for the reasons so strongly set forth in 
the inaugural address of His Excellency, it is 
expedient that all of said companies be dis- 
banded. 

ALBERT H. NELSON, 

Chairman of the Committee. 

The order of disbandment is as 
follows : 

Commonwealth of Mass.«iChusetts, 
Headquarters, 
Boston, Jan. 12th, 1855. 

General Order No. 2. 

The Commander-in-chief having approved 
the above advice of Council, orders: That Com- 
panies B, F and H of the 5th Regiment of 
Artillery, Company C of 3d Battalion of Light 
Infantry, Company A of 5th Regiment of 
Liglit Infantry, Company G of 7th Regiment 
of Light Infantry, and Company D, 8th Regi- 
ment of Light Infantry, be. and the same are 
hereby disbanded; and that the commissioned 
officers, by reason of such disbanding, be honor- 
ably discharged after the return of such arms, 
equipments or other property in their possession 
as belong to the Commonwealth, to the .•\dju- 
tant-general, or such officer as he shall authorize 
to receive the same. Major-generals William 
Sutton. George Hobbs and B. F. Edmands are 
charged with the execution of this order, so far 
as it relates to the companies under their 
respective commands. 

By the order of His E.xcellencv 

HENRY J. GARDNER. 
Governor and Commander-in-chief. 
EBENEZER W. STONE. 

Adjutant-general. 

The work of time in righting the 
wrongs of yesterday is well illustratetl 
in the fact that a statue in bronze of 
Thomas Cass now stands in the Public 
Gardens of Boston, not so far from the 
spot where his Company last paraded. 
He died at the head of his regiment, 
the Ninth, on bloody Malvern Hill, 
July I2th, 1862. Somehow there is in 
all this a reminder of the builders and 
the rejected stone. W'orcester's Jack- 
son Guards were Conipan\- D of the 
8th Regiment. 

1859. 

Though temporarily suppressed, 
Irish love of the bugle call with the 
answering quickened step could not be 
held in abeyance always, so four and a 
half vears afterwards we find the sons 
of Erin again organizing a militarv 



c<)m])any. Had the new.sjiaper.s of the 
day a small jjart of the enterprise of 
the present, we should not be lacking 
the exact date and ])lace of meeting, 
but "June, 1859." is as near as the word 
of tradition has it. However, that 
painstaking annalist. Richard O'Flynn, 
has ])icked u]) somewhere a leaf from 
records of the Company and duly filed 
it away, and upon the same we may 
read : "Worcester. July 8, i860. First 
Annual Meeting of the Emmet 
Guards." Either the organization in 
June, so stated, is wrong or the*men 
arbitrarily took the foregoing date as 
their natal day. Only two leaves, ap- 
parently, of the original records are in 
existence and these happily Mr. 
O'Flynn has secured. They are of 
dates in i860 and '61. On organizing, 
IMatthew J. McCafferty, subsequently 
a prominent figure in \\'orcester and 
Massachusetts alYairs. was made cap- 
tain. Evidentlx- the new soldiers got 
to work at once, and we find them 
marching, drilling, parading and trip- 
l)ing the "light fantastic" as men in 
tmiform have done from time imme- 
morial. They took the naiue of the 
Irish leader who, tried and executed 
for his ])articipatiiin in rebellion to 
r.ritish ride in Ireland, gave before his 
judges, ere sentence of death was pro- 
nounced, one of the most eloquent 
speeches ever uttered. For more than 
a century school boys have spoken 
the dying words of Robert Emmet, 
and to-day tlu-y are just as eloquent as 
when they fell Inun tiie lips of that 
orator and ])atriot. 

Though in 1859 Know-Xothings 
rode on their raids no more and. under 
the lead of Governor X. P. Panks, 
Massachusetts was putting herself in 
excellent sha])e for the coming trial of 
war, the "Enunets" did not become a 
part of the State's military arm till 
1861. Their industrj- in the drill-room 
had not been in vain, and when trou- 
bles in Charleston Harbor began to 
foreshadow open hostilities, and the 
militia of the Commonwealth was ar- 
ra\ing itself for the struggle, this ex- 
cellentlv equipped Worcester Com- 



224 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



pany, not in the militia, volunteered its 
services to Governor John A. Andrew. 
Such action was all the more credita- 
ble since these young men had grown 
to honor one political party, and to 
heartily dislike another. Though the 
latter was in puwer. when it came to 
an issue between union and disunion, 
with them there was not one moment 
of hesitation, and they readily oft'ered 
all that they had. saying that they 
were ready to march at an hour's 
notice. M. S. McConville was the 
Captain, his First Lieutenant was 



Dwiglit Foster, tendered to the "Em- 
mets" a place in the militia with im- 
mediate service, imder the National 
Go\-ernment. The Company was at 
once called together, the ]3roffer was 
unanimously accepted, and the very 
next night, after the election of offi- 
cers, or the 20th of April, as Company 
C of the 3d Battalion of Rifles, the 
"boys" were on their way to the seat of 
impending war, having as their asso- 
ciate companies the City Guards of 
Worcester and the Holden Rifles, bet- 
ter known among their friends as the 



t>/- 






^S 



> 1^" 




i 



'•] 



i 



-^ 



HKKOES KIL[.En .\T COLD IIARI'.OK jrXE 



Michael O'Driscnll (,f the "Jacksons," 
and the Second Lieutenant was M. J. 
McCafl'erty, recently Captain, and who 
years before had been offered the com- 
mand of the "Jacksons." Thos. O'Neill, 
later to fall at the head of a company 
in the 23th, was Third Lieutenant, and 
Maurice .Melaven was Fourth. .\c- 
cording to the story as told by the late 
Major McCaft'erty himself, Governor 
Andrew, through .Attorney-general 



"Kare Ripes," and it is worthy of men- 
tion that the '"Emmets" and "Hol- 
den^," now marching to meet a com- 
nion foe, were old-time rivals when 
the men from the hills objected to the 
presence of the men with a brogue. 

Were the whole story of the "Em- 
mets" in the War of the Rebellion to be 
told here, there would be no space left 
for the recital of later deeds. It must 
suffice to state that their three months' 



E.MMICT CL'AUDS, COMPANY G. 



225 



services were fdllciwed liy years uf stul)- 
l)orn fighting ihruughout the war. Tlicy 
formed the nucleus of (."ompany E in 
the 2Sth, of Company I in the 50th, and. 
as individuals, they enlisted in all 
branches of the service and in almost 
every State organization. Wherever 
lliey went, whether as ot'licers cir en- 
listed men, they gave good accounts of 
themselves, and effectually disproved 
every aspersion of those wretched davs 
in the Know-Xothing fifties. How well 
they fought let the stories of O'Neill. 
Daly and McConville tell. Captain 
"Tom" ( )'Xcill. with his dying message 
to his mother of devotion to countrv, 
and with the folds of the flag pressed to 
his lips as he passed, will long remain 
an object lesson for Americans, whether 
of native or foreign birth. "Three of 
them." said ("iencral Josiali Pickett, 
"went <lciwn in the single battle of Cold 
Harbor, and when T asked IMcConville 
if he knew me, as he lay there, his life 
blood fast ebl)ing aw^ay, he evidentlv 
recognized me. for he touched tipon a 
theme often discu.^sed among the offi- 
cers, as he slowly and finally exclaimed, 
'Seven conscripts and a man," appar- 
ently recalling in his d\ing fancv some 
of our talk over cmr crmunon dislike of 
conscripted recruits." All of the "Jack- 
sdus" have gone where there is nn dis- 
tinction of race nor creed, and. uf the 
older generation of the "Emmets." onlv 
a few remain to enjoy the later Imnors 
which have been won 1)v their sons. 

The war period put an end \n active 
home work imder the name of "Em- 
mets." but when the strife was over and 
the veterans came home once more, 
they and like-minded friends organ- 
ized a military company which they 
called "the Sarsfield Guards," after that 
soldier of fortune who had served under 
I-'rench colors at Xeerwinden and else- 
where in the Low Countries, losing his 
life finally at the battle of the Boyne in 
\6<jo. but, wherever fighting, always 
steadfast in his hatred of the British 
foeman. Joseph H. Corbett was their 
Captain, and, though under another 
name, thev still aimed to carr\- along 



the older niemories of the "Jacksons" 
and "Emmets." They were frequently 
seen in parade and they maintained all 
of their traditional pride in everything 
nn'litary. 

188 1. 

Thus matters progressed till Monday, 
i\'ov. 21st, i88i, when in response to a 
call there assembled in Integrity Hall 
fifteen \oung men of Irish descent, who 
|)roceeded to organize a new company 
for military purposes and named it, 
like the one of twenty years before, the 
"Emmet Guards." These originators 
were amtrng the representative men of 
their people in the city and they made 
an excellent start. Their first Captain 
was Joseph H. Corbett, late of the 
"Sarsfields." now merged or lost in the 
later Company. The Eirst Lieutenant 
was John j. liughes; the Second, Wil- 
liam Regan, both of whom will be rec- 
ognized as subsecjuent captains, and 
Thomas F. McGauley was treasurer. 
As an independent company they won 
laurels from their superb discipline and 
drill, but it was not till 1887 that the 
Company became a part of the active 
militia of Massachusetts. A companv 
known as the Jackson Guards of another 
city in the Conmionwealtli had been 
disljanded by the ( loveruor for inetifi- 
ciency, so on I^lay 10th, 1887, after 
more than thirty years, our Worcester 
successors of the original "Jacksons" 
came at last into their own. "Time at 
last makes all things even," etc. The 
situation was largely brought about by 
Colonel Fred W. \\'cllingtoii. so long 
a pronn'nent figure in the military affairs 
of ^[assachusetts. The first appearance 
of the "Emmets" in camp was at Frain- 
inghani, July 19th. 1887. and they have 
been regular in their attendance since. 
On their return from this first camp, 
they paid a complimentary visit to 
Colonel Wellington to express their ap- 
preciation of his interest in their behalf. 
An honorary association was formed 
June 9th. 1887, just between the absorp- 
tion into the State's forces and the 
journey to the first camp. Jeremiah 



22G 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




emmi-:t guards, comi'axv g. 



227 



Alurphy was cliairiiian, RiclianU )'l'lynn 
was secretary, and he was sul)seiiucMnly 
elected historian, a position which he 
has filled with credit to hiniself and 
honor to the Company. 

\Mth the "Eniniets" in the piping- 
times of peace, this narratiw bas little 
to do. The careful annali^l keeps 
record of all games, contests, dances, 
excursions and episodes of whatever 
nature, but the printed story deals 
chiefly with the Company's experience 
when, in battle array, it stood for the 
flag and the rights of a people long op- 
pressed and long struggling to free 
themselves from foreign rule. 

1898. 

Though the wreck of the Maine was 
lying beneath the waters of Havana 
Harbor and distant baying of the dogs 
of war was distinctly heard, the annual 
observance of the birthday of Robert 
Emmet was held in March, as of yore. 
On the 3d, or the eve of the day itself 
which chances to coincide with that of 
America's Presidential inaugural, the 
actives heard an eloquent address in 
Mechanics Hall, wherein the Rev. Geo. 
W. Pepper of Cleveland, Ohio, set forth 
the merits of the patriot and the wrongs 
of his country, while the veterans nn 
the 4th, around the festive board, did 
equal justice to his memory. Perhaps 
the imminence of war gave added zest 
to the drills of March and April ; cer- 
tainly there was no falling off in the 
ardor of the citizen-soldier, ^^'hen, on 
the 29th of March, they had their an- 
nual visit from the Inspector General, 
J. L. Carter, he accorded to the "Em- 
mets" the very highest praise in that, to 
express his sentiments most mildly, 
there was not in Massachusetts a better 
company. Arrangements were made 
for the observance of the anniversary of 
the Company just as if there was no 
possibility of the intervention of grim- 
visaged war. At their Easter ball, given 
on the nth of April, when one hundred 
and fifty couples joined in the festive oc- 
casion, that a distant cloud was in the 
sky appeared only in the refrain of cer- 



tain stanzas which graced a page of the 
e\ening's prngramme. the final verse 
running thus : 

"i!ut if WL- imi.sl go to meet llic lot", 

.■\iui leave our dearest homes: 
Then God have mercy on those Dons — 

Sagastas or Delomes — 
Tliey will drop before our solid lines 

Like brown leaves in the fall: 
So make that countersign, 'rejoice' 

At the Emmets' Easier Ball." 

As April progressed, various rumors 
readied the city as to what the number 
of men in the companies would be in 
case of war and, unofificially, Captain 
Moynihan w-as advised to be ready to 
make his maximum one hundred men, 
but he did not deem it necessary to act 
upon this, for his waiting list gave token 
of no trouble in that direction. .Vt a 
Com]jany mieting. .\pril nth. it was 
voted unanimously lo tender the ser- 
vices of Company (! in case of war, and 
to notify Colonel Bogan, thus putting 
the "Emmets" first among Worcester 
\olunteers. Sunday, April 24th, the 
Rev. Daniel P. McGiillicuddy, at St. 
.'Stephen's Church, spoke with special 
reference to the impending duties before 
the Emmet Guards, and ])romised them 
the prayers of the faithful during all 
their service and perils. 

The action of C'ongress looking to a 
war with Spain over the wrongs of 
Cuba was taken .\pril 19th. a day 
laden witli Massachusetts memories; 
President McKinley issued his procla- 
mation calling for troops on the 23d, 
and Governor Wolcott followed with his 
call to the State troops on the 28th. 
.All this time the .\rmory in Worcester 
was a scene of abotu all the excitement 
that anv one edifice could hold. When 
not employed in their respective vo- 
cations, every actual and every would- 
be militiaman was at the Armory, 
either drilling, discussing the chances 
of war or trying to insure an oppor- 
tunitv for enrollment. When the "Em- 
mets" came together, ?ilonday the 25th, 
for their weekly drill, the crowd of in- 
terested people filled all tlie approaches 
to the shed, and that immense room 
thev surrounded to the depth of many 
rows, therein- cutting down, materiallv. 



228 



WORCESTER IN THE SPAXISII WAR. 




M. I-:. IIiM s. Sn n\ 

I ilMMISSIOMMl (]|-I- l( I-;KS. 



tlic s])aco r(.-c|uirccl fnr ili-iU and evolu- 
tions. At last C'a|itain Alnynihan wa.^ 
conipi-llcd to' forcibly rcj^nlalc the pres- 
sure of the crow.]; at the same time 
there was a largX' force of the police 
present to assist in the maintenance of 
order. Durinij the entire evenins;' 
Corporal Corliss was in the Cornpan_\' 
room takinjj the names of those who 
wished to have a chance for service. 



riiiaiu;h married men were discouraged 
from enrolhuent, some insisted on their 
rights to go if the}', chose, and in some 
cases their names were written. 

The evening of Friday, the 29th, 
brought out a great attendance at the 
Com]>an}- room and the matter of vol- 
imteering was fully discussed. Lieuten- 
ant Hurley presided anrl s])oke, setting 
forth the natm-e of the work before the 



i-,mmI';t ctauds. company (;. 



229 



tiK-n ami dcsiriiiii to know how many 
would be willing to subscribe their 
names. Every metnber of the Conii)aiiy. 
except two, was present, and the absent 
ones sent word of their determination to 
volunteer. Not a man failed to sisjn his 
name, and the newly enrolled brouijht 
th'.' number up to ninety-four, including;' 
the commissioned ofificers. Such w,-is 
tlie enthusiasm that a iH»H\ start 
towards a regiment could have been 
made there and then. While the Com- 
pany had all along thought that the 
()th Regiment would be the first called 
out, it soon appeared that the 2ncl 
would • report in camp earlier, but the 
"Emmets" were practically ready, and 
though each day and night they re- 
paired to the familiar Armory, it was 
not so much for preparation as for talk 
and the comparison of notes. Thus 
Sunday, May ist, while the other com- 
panies were in the midst of bustle and 
hurry, the "Emmets" rather made it a 
day of rest, and their (|uarters were less 
thronged than on any day since the 
interest began. The same wa-^ prac- 
tically true of Mondav. 

Tuesday, the 3d of May, beheld the 
departure of the ^^'orce-t'•r members of 
the 2d Regiment, and Company 
"G" had the pleasure of looking on and 
seeing how departure for actual war ap- 
peared. Many a time they had seen 
their fellows in the militia depart for the 
muster field a'nl had given little thought 
to the sight, but this time Ihcy saw a 
citv. as it were, let loose just because a 
few scores of men in uniforms were 
marching away with the idea of seeing 
actual service. Fully a generation of 
nominal soldiers had been marching 
and drilling without an opportunity to 
see what war was like, and now the time 
has come. .\s the deiiarting "boys" 
with their escort went by. and the im- 
mensity of the throng disclosed itself, it 
would not be strange if some of the 
"Emmets" wondered if the turnout on 
the following day could equal that cf 
the 3d. There was a throng at the 
Armory Tuesday evening which tested 
the capacity of the room. Captain 



.Mi>\nih.in \\a> constantly ini])orlnned 
fur an . >ppi irtmiily to enlist; those who 
were surt' nf going were making the 
linal arrangement for the morrow's de- 
])arture. Meanwhile, in a banquet 
room, the honoraries of the Company 
were having a meeting, in which neces- 
sarv preparatifin for the jiarade of the 
4th was furthereil. ImIui J. Riordan 
presided and set forth tlie objects of the 
meeting. John V. O'Connor and John 
[•'. H. Moone\- spoke with earnestness 
and eloquence, as also did Jeremiah 
Murphy, who had been one of the "Em- 
mets" in the days of civil strife. John 
|. Coan, an honorary, presented each 
member of the Company a pocket 
prayer book. 

Tuesday had been rainy in the e.\- 
treme and all the night rain had fallen, 
but at daybreak the skies cleared up and 
the "Emmets" had the pleasure of leav- 
ing home in dry attire and in view of 
nearly cverv man. wcMuan and child in 
Worce-ter. 'l"he enthusiasm which had 
started the dav before, on Wednesday 
reached its acme. If the disagreeable 
weather had kept any one at home 
then, there was no such reason this day, 
and all were out. I'.efore 8 a.m. the 
Company was at the .\rmory, every man 
finding something to do at this the final 
moment The assembly was sounded 
by Nicholas J. Skerrctt. the newly en- 
rolled musician, and the response was 
immediate. Into the drill-shed marched 
the soldiers and formed on the cast 
side. Opnosite them were the honora- 
ries. whi'e the veterans were drawn up 
at the north end. When thus formed 
in a hollow sipiare with the Company at 
"parade rest." one of its number ap- 
peared with the flag of Erin. the private 
property of the men. all joining in vocif- 
erous applause : but this was only a be- 
ginning of what followed when the Stars 
and Stripes appeared. A little later 
Afayor Rufus R. Dodge, Jr,, entered, ac- 
companied bv the Rev. Mgr. Thomas 
(H-iffin. Rev. D. F. McCiillicuddy, Gen- 
eral Josiah Pickett, (General .A.. B. R. 
.""{jrague. Colonel R. H. Chamberlain 
and Colonel E. H. Russell, all of whoin 



230 



WOUrF.STKR IX THE SPANISH WAR. 




KMMirr GUARDS, 



231 



were received w.lli elieei>. At a com- 
mand from Captain Moynihan, the Com- 
pany knelt when the Rev. Father 
McGilHcuddy offered prayer, every one 
uncovering. Then at "attentinn" the 
men stood and heard l'"atiicr Mdlilli- 
cuddy in a lirief address, and he was 
followed hv Mayor Dodge and Mgr. 
(lrit¥in. 

With the management in tlie hands of 
Colonel Fred W. Wellington, it might 
be expected that the line would be 
formed on time. The Colonel had an 
efTicient staff consisting of Chief, Lieu- 
tenant James Early; Stirgeon, Dr. 
Ceorgc W. McAleer; aids. Captain 
^^'illialTl Hickey, John J. Rogers, Wil- 
liam J. Tansey, Patrick J. Bradshaw. J. 
Frank Quinn and John J. Riordan : 
Bugler, I'eter F. Sullivan. Promptly at 
Q o'clock a.m. the right of the line was 
taken by Post to, G. A. R., under the 
command of Daniel E. Burbank. having 
one hundred and fifty men. I'ifly .^ons 
of Veterans came ne.xt, and after them 
three hundred Floly Cross students 
marched, they having secured a holiday 
for the occasion ; they bore the college 
colors, viz., purple, and small national 
flags and all along the route they gave 
their college yells ; there were ninety 
members of the Catholic Young Men's 
Lvceum. and sixty boys from St. John's 
Parochial School, while thirty boys of 
the Classical High School follow-ed 
after: then came uniformed men of the 
Consolidated Street Railway, Knights 
of Columbus. St. Paul's Lyceum, three 
companies of the A.O.H., Father Math- 
ew and St. John's Cadets, St. .Xnne's 
Temperance Society, seventy-five men of 
St. John's Guild; nearly one hundred 
members of the Honorary Company 
marched under the direction of John J. 
Riordan, Daniel Downey, William H. 
Toner, Francis P. McKeon and T. J. 
McAuliffe. The Emmet veterans were 
in command of Captain William J. Re- 
gan. After several carriages bearing 
citizens, was a barge having aboard 
forty children of St. John's Parochial 
School, who tnade themselves heard by 
their songs and cheers. 



The Company was tilled to its max- 
imum, having seventy-four enlisted 
men and three commissioned officers. 
Everywhere along the route was a surg- 
ing mass of humanity. Few 'people in 
Worcester let the day pass without a 
glance at the departing soldiers, and as 
for the lamilies represented in the 
marching line, evidently no one had 
lieen left at home. .\s the "Emmets" 
passed the high wall in front of the 
Court House, they encountered the 
older pupils of thcThomas Street School, 
who sjilnled theni with-- 

"Tlic limiiicts arc bravo. 
The Emmets are true. 
The Emmets arc all rij;ht. 
Ami the Rod. White and Blue." 

Then changing in to the strains of ".\mcr- 
ica" thev continued till the soldiers were 
out of hearing. The buildings along the 
route were elaborately decorated, and 
from manv a window came words 
of cheer as the line moved 
swiftly by. When passing the 

Citv ITall, on the southward way. 
the (^impany was i)resentcd a beautiful 
stand of colors by a committee of the 
Knights nf Ri>l)ert F.nimet, consisting 
of Dr. lolm 1". McGillicuddy, James 
Cunningham and Patrick O'Brien. This 
was done without formality. Captain 
Movnihan receiving the flag for the 
Company. .\t City Hall there was a 
large partv of officials and friends who 
greeted the men with heartiest cheers. It 
was here that the band struck up an air 
dear to every Irish heart, and listeners 
went wild with delight as they caught 
the strains of "The Wearing of the 
Green." Soon the line wheeled into 
Front Street, always a difficu't th'ng to 
do when excitement runs high. This 
time it required a deal of persuasion 
and some force on the part of the police 
to make the way clear for the departing 
Company, but it was done and the street 
became a gauntlet, not of foes, but of 
friends who wanted to say "good-by" to 
associates who were on their way it 
might be to battle and death. It is safe 
to state that the street never held more 



232 



UORCESTKK I\ Till-: STAXISll WAR. 



peo])Ie than wIkmi the '"Emmets" 
marched through on the 4th of May, 
1898. Throughout the progress "Cou- 
chee," the canine mascot of the Com- 
pany, kept his place, evidently proud of 
the distinction accorded him, though no 
blandishment from the outside throng 
could draw liini from the line. He plod- 
ded along as jiroiid as any biped, wear- 
ing his blanket of green on whicli were 
the words, "I am going to Cuba : where 
are you going?" 

Long before Union Station was 
reached, it had become a crowding, 
seething mass of humanity, every one 
intent on having a iiarting word or 
hand-shake with the "boys" as they em- 
barked. Even car roofs and those of 
offices in the train shed had 1)een |ire- 
empted and e\'er\' inch nf space wa-~ nc- 
cupied. It rei|uired llie ciiml)ined ef- 
forts of the ])olice and certain well- 
placed and well-meaning friends to kee]) 
the crowds where a wa}- might be made 
for the soldiers to clamber aboard the 
train. Personal jiartings had been had 
elsewhere, so there was iici delay fur 
last farewells, but now and tlien ,-i Innd- 
some bouquet proclaimed ihal friends 
were determined that the recii)ients 
sJKniId niit g'n awa\' mirenienib<T'>il 
'\\'hile tin's scene is enacted, the l)ands. 
mindful "f the ijroprieties, are playing 
".\iild bang .'<vne" and "The Cirl T 
T,efl r.eliind .Me." :ind it wa- irider the 
spell of such siiunils that tlie train 
ii(i\ril out. le;i\inL;' tlie nuiltitnde satis- 
fied that Worcester b:id given the 
"bciv-" ,-| .send-off tli.at all c .ncerned 
might well be ])roiid 1 if. 

( )n reaching .^onth braming]i;im. the 
march to Camp l)e\\(,'\. ;drea(l\ estab- 
lished by the 21I Reginienl, wa- (|uickl\ 
made and cordial g)-eelings were i'.\- 
chaiiged with the other Worcester boys 
who had ]ireceded the "b.imnets" by a 
single day. Tents were s])et-dil\ occu- 
])ied and very soon the chief subject of 
conversation liecame tin- ini] lending ex- 
aminations and tin' |ii'o])abilities of an 
earl\- departure for the scene- of eon- 
Ibct. In the e\ening came the lii'sl 
camp-tire, and it was appreciat^■d, not 




IvMMKT CC.MMIS IN ( \.\ie I)KW1':V 



i'.M\ii;r ci'ARDS, 



)M1'.\.W v.. 



233 



only fni- its clu'crful li^lit, l)Ut 
for its heat, t|uite coniiin-tini;- in 
this night of early May. l'"iftecn tires 
were lighted throughout the camp, each 
one using a cord of wood, the same be- 
ing a gift from Colonel H. E. Converse 
of the Governor's Staff. Kach day 
brings this cnntribution from the hirge- 
hearted officer, and the builders of each 
pile try to make theirs the highest. A 
topmost object they designate as Jack, 
and, as the fire blazes up, the men watch 
to see Jack fall and Jill come tumbling 
after. 

Company G, as it made the trip from 
Worcester to camp, had the full numljer 
of men required, though several mem- 
bers of the Company had been dis- 
couraged from going on account of fam- 
ilies and other cogent reasons. l-"ollow- 
ing are the names of those who wwr in 
line and drew the merited api>lanse of 
patriotic Worcester : 

Captain. Jeremiah J. Moynihan, 
First Lieut.. >hitllie\v E. Hincs, 
Second I.ieul.. John F. Hurley, 
Sergeant. William E. McCann. 

Michael J. Horan. 

William F. Casey. 

Patrick J. Moynihan, 
Corporal, John J. Corliss, 

Charles Degnan, 

Michael McCartin, 

John D. McSweene.w 

Thos. F. Lavin. 

James F. King. 
Musician. Peter F. Sullivan. 

Nicholas J. Skerrett. 



Patrick J. Prenilivillc 
John G. Green. 
John Larkin. 
Thos. F. Kellihcr. 
John E. Casey. 
Henry W. Baldwin. 
Patrick I. Sullivan, 
Jilichael J. Flynn. 
Michael C. Brophy, 
James A. Casey. 
James F. Larner. 
Frank H. Doran. 
Thos. F. Wiseman. 
James P. Holmes, 
Henry Sullivan. 



Timothy Leary. 
Daniel W. O'Connor. 
Edward R. Barker, 
Bernard F. Campbell. 
Chas. E. Kenney. 
John F. Murphy, 
James V. Sullivan, 
James F. ^[cTiernan, 
Hugh McGuirc, 
John E. Sullivan. 
Robert H. Rooncy. 
John J. Creaven. 
Henry Griffin, 
Frank P. Doyle. 
Edward Bradv, 



Thos. F. Foley, 
Frank E. Joyce, 
John H. Sweeney. 
John H. lloran, 
Geo. W. Brosnan. 
John I'arrcll. 

Patrick D. O'Keeh 
Timothy J. Burns. 
Michael Delaney. 
Patrick Dolan, 
John J. Fitzgerald, 
James Connelly. 
Edward H . Ryan, 
Edward Sullivan, 
Michael Garrett, 
John A. Kennedy, 
Edward H. Lyons, 



James G. McGrath, 
James M. Barrett, 
Frank Forrest, 
Daniel Gardner, 
David J. Burke. 



UlUUflTS. 



John O'Callahan, 
h'raiik J. Gilchrist, 
■•"rank Callahan, 
Thomas O'Brien, 
William H. Murphy, 
Charles G. Corcoran, 
I'rank C. Leonard. 
1 lenry J. Martin, 
John J. Loftus, 
Dennis Dovle. 



Thursday indticted the rcruits into 
the pleasures of drill at the hands of the 
non-coiumissioned officers, and all were 
|nit throtigh a setting-up exercise for 
the sake of the physical examinations 
which were |)ending. Though many 
times there, camji did not seem to the 
old timers a- it had done in former 
years wlien all was jollity and fun. The 
Company street is adorned with a ten- 
inch luortar '■hell, the gift to Private? 
Ji.lni v.. Casey and !'. J. .^^nllivan by 
|ohn O'l'.rien oi Sotith I'raniingham, 
the saiue having been picked up by him 
on ?\Iarye's Heights, I'redericksburg. in 
1862, he being at that time a member of 
the "Emmets." Connnissioned officers 
had to appear first l)efore the examina- 
tion board. and wlien the Captain and his 
TJentenants were seen returning they 
were objects of the most careful .scru- 
tiny by all the men. It soon appeared 
that Captain Moynihan and Lieutenant 
Hurley had jiassed the ordeal, but 
Lieutenant Hines had gone down, much 
to the regret of himself and all his 
friends. He liad been in the Company 
from its reorganization in i88t, and he 
had moved uj), step by step, to his Lieu- 
tenancy by force of merit. It seemed 
too bad that he should be thrown out. 
but the rules were inexorable and he 
would not apply for re-examination. 
Dr. 1. T. McC;iilicuddy of Worcester 
visited the camp and looked over his 



234 



WORCESTER l\ THE Sl'AXISIl WAR. 




)i-i-i( i;rs. xixtii ki:i;imi:.\i\ mass 



"Emniet" friciuls, prunouncing tlicni 
s(jund, in his opinion. Rain and the fail- 
ure of their First Lieutenant to pass the 
examination, niaile the ni,Lclit in camp a 
dull one. 

I'Yidav and .'^^atnrdaw tlic dth and 7th, 
are memoralilc in th.it tlicn the en- 
listed men of C"omiian)- "( i" had their 
trial at the hands of Lieutenant Weaver 
and Surgeon .Magurn, and that all the 
original Company passed except four. 
Every non-C(.)nnin'ssioned officer went 
thriiiigh anil naturally the men felt not 
a little exalted. e>pccially when they re- 
called the complimentary words of 
Lieutenant Weaver of the regular army. 
To make camp life a little easier, John J. 
firiffin of Worcester sent down twenty 
mattresses, and, to save the boys from 
excessive dampness, it is hinted that 
each one contained a sovereign specific 
acrain^t chills. Tn the distrilnition of gifts 



■"Couchee" was not forgotten, for there 
was a bed, too, for him ; and why not ? 
He was alreadv the best known party in 
Camp Dewey. There is a gradual 
straightening up in the matter of disci- 
pline and the regiment improves accord- 
ingly. That the vacant places may be 
filled at once, Lieutenant Hurley and 
.Sergeant ^NlcCann go to Worcester for 
reciniits. Lieutenant Hines went also, 
but he was not to return, and his old as- 
sociates very properly gave him part- 
ing cheers and sang, "The X'acant 
Ciiair." It was hard work for the officer 
to command his feelings sufiicieiUly to 
respond. 

Tiie first Sunday in camp for the 
"iMnmets"' was nor an ideal one, as the 
wind blew a hurricane and, owing to 
some misunderstanding at home, the ex- 
pected visitors did not materialize. 
.Somehow, the iiupression had gone 



KMMKT GUARDS, COMPAXV C. 



235 



abroad in Wrircestcr that citizens would 
not be athiiittcd to the camp, so they 
stayed away, but the solcHers had their 
rehgious service, and the Worcester men 
of the Ninth were conspicuous for their 
white gloves, overcoats and the prayer 
books sorecently presented to them. The 
service was conducted ill the mess-house, 
and Rev. Fr. J. D.Colbert of Hopkinton 
officiated in the absence of the Chaplain. 
An altar had been improvised at one end 
of the room and fully 1200 men were 
present, many attending from other reg- 
iments. 

From this time forward till the last 
day of May, the Ninth was to be in a 
ferment of excitement as to when it was 
to depart, and what its destination. 
Hope deferred made many a heart sick, 
and the would-be fighters of Spain at 
times thought their lives in camp any- 
thing but what they had pictured real 
armv life to be. However, there is 
something doing every day and very 
small items will create a deal of conver- 
sation. ]^lany a time the regiment was 
on the point of leaving, but the next day 
found it still in Camp Dewey. On the 
loth, Tuesday, C.overnor Wolcott made 
his appearance, was cordially greeted as 
he deserved, and every soldier wondered 
what his missii-)n was. Whatever his 
errand, it did not seem to especially af- 
fect the status of the Ninth. 

The formal celebration of the Com- 
panv anniversary, due this day. and for 
which a committee had been appointed, 
was not had. more important business 
being in hand, but many of the boys 
tiiought of it just the same. However, 
Captain Moynihan was not allowed to 
forget it, since his fellow nieinbers of the 
Worcester police force sent down to 
him a brierwood pipe and a quantity of 
tobacco. 

The next day, or the nth. the "Em- 
mets" were sworn into the U. S. service 
at II o'clock a.m. :\Iany familiar faces 
were missed from the ranks and corre- 
sponding new ones appear. The failure 
of First Lieutenant Hines to pass the 
physical requirements resulted in the 
promotion of Second Lieutenant Hur- 



ley and the advancement of IHrst Ser- 
geant William !•:. McCann to the vacant 
place. Tiirough these changes. Second 
Sergeant M. C. Horan became the or- 
derly, and he made an excellent one. 
His comrades recite with pride the fact 
that, having committed to memory the 
names of all the "Emmets," from first to 
last, he never used a book, but at roll- 
call went through the entire list me- 
moriter. In this respect, "G" Com- 
pany was quite tlu' eipial of the reg- 
ulars. 

Had the Governor any power as an 
intercessor for the deposed officers, it 
was evident that he failed to use it. 
Private T'rosnan is postmaster at the 
regimental headquarters, and Peter F. 
Sullivan becomes a member of the non- 
commissioned regimental staff, he being 
one of the two principal musicians. 
Fifty Knights of Robert Eiumet came 
down from \\'orcester with a large silk 
national flag, which J. H. Halpin pre- 
sented to the Company, wishing every 
one a successful campaign. Captain 
Moynihan happily accepted in an ap- 
propriate s])eech. 'Phe flag, how^ever, had 
to be carried l)ack to the "Emmet" 
rooms in the .\rmory, since it could not 
be borne by the Company. 

The muster-in of the Ninth was ac- 
complished five minutes before that of 
the Eighth, so it stood next to the Second 
in point of senioritv. yet the rivalrv was 
intense as to which should leave Camp 
Dewev first. Had our boys any way of 
influencing the War Department, they 
would have been oflf. with or without 
their full complement of men, and, as for 
e(|uipmcnts, they would have trusted to 
Providence for them. When they did 
get awav, they found that some states 
had verv little notion of what regiments 
should possess when they reported for 
duty. Happily, the leadership was not 
in the hands of the boys and they had to 
wait till the proper time came. During 
these days the "Emmets" heard the Ar- 
ticles of War read and explained, and the 
transition from Caterer James E. :Mc- 
Xeil of .\atick to Company cooks was 
etTected. .\t breakfast, May 12th, be- 



23() 



W'ORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




EMMET CrAKlJS, COMPANV G. 



237 



gan regular army rations ami, thi>ugli 
the caterer's dishes were used, absti- 
nence from butter and milk was ex])eri- 
enced. Timothy H. Flurns, who had 
been in the regulars, was made chief 
cook, and Frank Doyle became his as- 
sistant. Msitors from the home city are 
numerous, and many nf them dn not 
forget ti) bring alrmg items which 
cheer the hearts and minds of the snl- 
diers. 

The departure of the 2d Regiment on 
the 1 2th left a large vacuum on the canij) 
ground and the Worcester boys werr 
lonesome, for visiting hail been a 
popular diversion among the companies 
from the Heart of the Connnonwealth. 
Then came additional anxiety lest the 
Eighth should precede the Ninth in 
getting off, and when on the morning of 
the 13th, Colonel Pew's boys were seen 
striking their tents, those of the Ninth 
were nearl\- frantic, but when the move- 
ment developed into a simple exercise 
of striking and pitching tents, the over- 
anxious lads cooled down a bit. Quar- 
termaster Sergeant J. F. Corliss, who 
was promoted from the corporalcy, is be- 
coming a very useful oi^cial. and, owini; 
to his thoughtful services, the men are 
faring as to rations considerably better 
than those in some of the other com- 
panies. Evidently the .Sergeant ha- 
talents in the hotel running line. .\t 
about 10 o'clock, in the evening of tlu- 
13th, a large part of the 8th Regiment, 
apparently, went wild in their expecta- 
tion that they were to get away first, and 
were to go to Chickamauga. In their 
mad deiight ihey tore through the 
streets of the Ninth, doing their best, in 
the language of the day, "to rub it in" 
to the boys who were to be left. Some 
of them packed up their superfluous ef- 
fects and sent them ofif. so certain were 
thev that the auspicious day for them 
had come. Perhaps there was no con- 
nection between this irruiition of the 
Eighth and the desire of the "lunmets" 
to visit home, but many of them, with 
their friends of other companies, having 
left camp other than by the "straight 
gate," had to return luider escort and ti 



learn that I'nited Slates soldiering is 
not fun, but downright business. 

Saturday, the two regiments were re- 
viewed by the (jovernor, and he was 
jileased to say jjleasant words in behalf 
of the Ninth, to which Colonel Ijogan 
replied. 

The 13th brought another .Sunday in 
camp and religious services were held in 
the open air, an altar having been ar- 
ranged at Colonel f'lOgan's tent. The 
(ifficiating clergyman was the Rev. Fr. 
Alichael Dclaney of Soutli Framing- 
ham. .\gain fully 1200 men were sin- 
cere worshippers, glad of an opportunity 
to testify of their obligations to (Jod, 
but unpropitious rain cut out the parade 
which the Colonel was anxious to have 
in the afternoon. However, the visitors 
came and the dam])ness gave the boys 
a chance to loan h.ats and capes to tiie 
fair ones who otherwise might get dan- 
gerously wet, and many a lad laughed to 
see how \enus appeared when appareled 
in th'^ armor of Mars. To Captain 
Moynihan, some thoughtful friend sent 
a box of Spanish cigars with tlie clieer- 
ful injmiction, "Burn the Spaniards 
while waiting to eat them." 

Once more it is the lot of the Ninth 
to sav "good-bv" to departing friends, 
since the Eighth really gets away on the 
i6th, and a larger vacancy than ever is 
evident on the "old camp ground." Our 
bins did the ])olite and gracious act in 
seeing their friends off, yet they could 
not supjn-ess a wonder as to just what 
so much energy as they knew they pos- 
sessed was held back for. However, 
there are less rivals on the field now and, 
in their new brown uniforms, they have 
oceans of space to gambol in. \\'orces- 
ter friends arc not oblivious of the 
gnawing api)etites of the men in camp, 
and accordingly, through Michael L. 
Russell, they send down a goodly quan- 
titv of pies and puddings. Possibly 
some of the people at home remembered 
the old ballad, and, knowing how badly 
the boys felt over being left, they 
thought thev would give them a chance 



238 



WORCESTER IN THE SPAXISH WAR. 



"Hunks of cukl pudding ;ind pieces of pii 
My mamma gave to me if I would not ci 

To further relieve the melancholy 
the hour, a tin pan concert or confus 
is had and the ear detects amidst the 
the words, "Remember the Maine, 
member the Alaine, the Irish Ninth, 
h — 1 with Spain," the Sixth introduc 
such \'ariation in the third line as tl 
name and number suggest. 

Tuesday is a dull day, there are 
mors of going to Long Island and to 
Philippines, and the (;'<>li>nel declares 



the 





I.k-iilenant.cnlont.l Xintli lU-i_'inK-nt, Ma^s.. f. S, W 

readines."; to go anywliere, but the nec- 
essary summons is not heard. Mean- 
time there is drill for all and the sol- 
diers make the best of it. Orders come 
for the going of the Sixth, and it 
looks as though the Xinth woidd be 
"the last rose of summer, left 
blooming alone." Tn the even- 

ing, led bv the regimental band under 
the direction of Chief P.ugler James V.. 



Sullivan, the whole regiment marched to 
the headquarters of the Sixth, and with 
that body- appeared at Colonel Wood- 
ward's c|uarters. where they cheered him 
and the band played "Auld Lang Syne" 
and "Farewell," but from Colonel W. 
the\- got only a how instead of a speech, 
for which they clamored. This sort of 
fun was kept n\) till long after "taps," 
and it took alxiut all the authority the 
oflicers had to restore tlie (|uiet 1)efilting 
a well-ordered camp. 

Still continues the period of expect- 
:incv. The Sixth is packe<l ready for the 
final orilers and the Ninth is as ever on 
the anxious scat. Their friends have 
cnnie down from Worcester and re- 
turned so many times that "good-bys" 
have been worn almost threadbare. It 
is pleasant to meet them and to use_ the 
nice things which they bring, but it is 
a prettv dull kind of war. There is 
annther last night of frolic with the 
1)oys of the Sixth, and poetic talent is 
drawn upon for rhymes like these: 
■•oil Blanco, Blanco — Bunco rare, 

( )h, you're an awful blufif; 
I'.ul wlien the gth will go down there 

They'll make you cry, enough." 

As usual, rumors arc rife and in their 
minds the men are ordered to all parts 
,,f the habitable globe, and whatever the 
state of depression they never lack for 
subjects of conversation. Governor Wol- 
cott makes his accustomed visit, giving 
connnissions and advice to the regiment 
about to depart. It was late in the 
evening of the tOth that a man at- 
tempted to run the guard and a deal of 
rxcitement was the result. To the brd- 
liant imagination he was a spy or em- 
jssarv of Spain, bent on doing some 
mischief to the honest campers waiting 
for the word ".go." Whatever he was, 
the episode was a boon to the camp, 
since it served for an offset to the tedium 
of waiting. To the heated imagination 
of some oi the boys, a large slice of 
Cuba had bv some hocus pocns been 
moved close bv the guard line of Camp 
Dewev. Friday, the 20th, witnessed the 
going' of the Sixth, and now the Ninth 
has The field all to itself, yet it is not 
])rou(l thereat. 



EMMI'/r CITARDS. CI IM I'A N Y ('. 



239 



In the eveiiiiiL;-, to drive a\va\ dull care 
and to change the subject from Spanish 
spies et al., a dance is improvised,. a real 
old-fashioned stag- dance, and with 
music and the whir! of feet the hours 
pass from 7 to 10.30 p.m. Saturday, the 
21 St, conies Congressman h'itzgerald 
from Boston, and he is always enter- 
taining. The spy fracas resolves itseU" 
into a bricklayer from Charlestown, 
somewhat ofT his "lay" through tarrying 
too long with the ruby. Sundav brought 
10,000 visitors who enjoyed the dress 
parade of the regiment. TIt; crowd 
was the largest of any since the opening 
of the camp, Worcester sending down a 
well-laden contingent to make happy 
the boys and to show the estimalion in 
which they are held at home. The 
morning religious services were con- 
ducted by Chaplain Murphy, and in the 
improvised choir sang Haniel W. 
O'Connor, V. J. ( >'Keefe. Henr\ Martin 
and Sergeant 1'. j. Moynihan, all mem- 
bers of Company (1. On Monday, the 
procuring of ten days" rations seemed to 
the men like anything but an immediate 
departure. The rules of camp are be- 
coming more and more rigorous and 
every day the men are reminded that 
this is not an old-fashioned week's tour 
of duty. The regiment receives the 
gift of one thousand prayer-books from 
the Rev. P. M. O'Connor of .Arlington. 
a brother of Major M. J. O'Connor of 
the Xinth. ^^'itll those presented before 
leaving \\'orcesler, the "Rmmets" have 
a double portion. .\t battalion drill, 
owing to the ai^sence of Alajor Dono- 
van, Captain Moynihan has command 
and does his part handsomely. 

On or about the 24th a large gang of 
camp followers or, better, hangers-on. 
are expelled and their room is much 
better than their company. By trading 
flour with a Natick baker for bread. 
Company G is well served, but frequent 
rains tend to make camp life too damp 
for comfort. Hearts were cast down, 
on the 25th, by the reception of orders 
directing the separation of the regi- 
ment and the locating of its several 
parts on the Rhode Island coast. For- 



tunately before such knowledge could se- 
riously impair the average Ninth Regi- 
ment appetite, the disagreeable order 
was countermanded and men again 
breathed more freely, having found that 
some kinds of going were worse than 
staging. Incessant rains reduce the 
com])auy street to the conditions told 
of by the fathers when they sampled 
\"irginia mud in the si.xties, but there is 
a chance for relief near by the sons, for 
they proceed to the vacated camp of the 
Eighth and. taking up the floors where 
tents had been, proceed to lay a wooden 
pavenienl for the good of the public; 
and this is all the more necessary, since 
rough weather has put many a foot 
through its shoe almost on the ground. 
The reception of a check for $50 by the 
Captain from James Eogan of Worce.s- 
ler cinu' most opportunely, and two 
boxes of shoes and some rubbers go far 
towards relieving immeiliate wants. A 
1 'tier reci-i\eil from a friend in the 
Eighth, now in camp in Chickamauga, 
Ga., assures the boys of the Xinth that 
there arc conditions worse than remain- 
ing in Camp Dewey. 

Thursdaw the 2f>th. l)rought an inci- 
di-nt liable lo liapiien when men are long 
in camp. .\ man. lia\'ing a horse and 
wagon heavily loaded with what seemed 
to be arm\- supplies, is discovered near 
the main entrance, and when an examin- 
ation is made suspicions prove to be 
well founded. When the establishment 
is taken to head(|uartcrs and the entire 
contents inventoried, above half a ton of 
articles is found which clearly belong 
to the camj). They arc placed in the 
care of Sergeant J. J. Corliss of the 
"Enmiets" and the driver of the wagon 
is i)Ut into the guard house. The man 
claimed to have bought his load from 
dififercnt quartermasters of the regi- 
ment, but was unable to identify any of 
them. When brought before the civil 
court in South Framingham. he was 
fined S25 for his theft and his goods 
were confiscated. 

The 27th. Friday, had contradictory 
orders, at first to jiroceed to Rhode 
Island, in half an hour to be coun- 



240 



W ()UC1-:STEK I.\ THE SPAMSll WAK 




tcniianik-d. and more a.L;reea1)le di- 
rections were .L;i\en to nial<e ready to oo 
to Dunn-LorinL;-, on tlie Virginia side of 
tlic Potomac, near Washington. Xot- 
withstanding tlie rain, there i^ a (h- -ss 
]iarade at 5 p.m. Captain Moynihan is 
Officer-of-the-day. and chndng its hours 
he received from Worcester friends. f(n- 
the benefit of the Comiiany. a box of 
niendino- ni.-ilerlal. which is a gilt in the 
right direction. 

Xow that ..rders have really come to 
send the regiment away, there is a 
dearth of cars and a wait is inevitable 
while conveyance is looked up. Mean- 
while the boys are shining up each and 
cverv article of wearing apparel and 
their e(|uipmenl>, that the going forth 
mav be up to the standard. A dense fog 
ovi'rspreads the cami> in the evening of 
lh<- -'Slh, but it doe, not prevent I'at- 
rick Powers, the lioy servant of the 
Company, iinding in the toe of one of 
the sock's given iiim bv the Captain, the 
same having been -eni from \^^lrces- 
ter, a crisp oiie-<loll,-ir bill. That the 
circle 'nay be compleie, .a letter is re- 
ceived b\' ihc ('aiitain asking who the 
lucky lender is. Tlu- _'.)lh is Sunday, 
and all records of attendance of visitors 
are broken. The average of estimates 
of the number present is 20,000, and the 
last Sunday in camp is memorable. '1 he 
afternoon incident was the presentation 
to the Ninth bv the A. O. H.. of F.oston. 



of a set of colors through the Hon. 
John 1". Fitzgerald, and their reception 
b\- Colonel Bogan. The "Emmets" are 
enjoying a quantity of light underwear 
and socks sent tlown by the Volunteer 
AidAssociatiim, seventy-five sets, the box 
arriving in the care of Police Inspector 
Patrick ( )T)ay and William J. Tansey, 
secretarv of the "Emmets" honorary 
corps. Monday, the 30th, saw little 
doing, sa\e the reception of visitors, 
who |>our in to have just cme more 
handshake before the breaking up. It 
is .Memorial Day elsewhere, but the 
])resent rather than the past holds the 
attention of soldiers in Camp Dewey. 

Tuesdav brings the last day of May, 
and also the very last day in camp. 
Smiling skies ushered in the 31st, and 
at 9.30 the tents went down, knapsacks 
were packed, and a "get ready" air per- 
vaded everything. Xoon gave the lie 
to the promise of the morn, since then 
rain began to fall, but at 2.30 ]\m. a hol- 
low scptare was formed and the regi- 
ment s;iw in its own behalf what it had 
witnessed f(^r the Second. Eighth and 
Sixth, viz,, the Covernor in the act of 
presenting commissions and giving the 
men a heartv send-ofT, Long weeks of 
waiting and preparation had their effect 
in making the Ninth easily the equal, 
some said the best, appearing lot of men 
who h;id marched away from the camp. 
There is the usual line of interested 
people to see the trip to the station at 
South Framinghani, and as the way to 
Dunn-PorinL;- leads through Worcester, 
the "F.mmets" are to have, what was 
denied to the ol her comiianies, a fare- 
well in the verv lle.irt of the Common- 
wealth. P.efore getting away, Mr. M. P.. 
Lamb and P. J. McManus of Worces- 
ter, representing the honoraries of the 
"Emmets," presented to Captain Moyni- 
han for the Com])any. a purse of $250, 
and a like amount is to be given to the 
families of the soldiers as need arises. 
Speeches were short. Init both that of 
the giver and the receiver were to the 
point. There were three sections of the 
train conveving the regiment, and the 
Worcester Com])any was in the second. 



EMMKT ClARIi 



241 



Tlif first jmrt passi-cl ilinuiL;li L'nion 
Station at 5.10 ]).iii.. and the innncnsc 
thr(.)no- gave it a cnrdial greeting. Inn 
its effusions were rather for the next 
section, which rolled in at 5.20. 

The police had roiK'cl off certain |)or- 
tions of space and inten<led to ha\e all 
the greetings and partings done accord- 
ing to regulations, hul who ever heard 
of such plans working as projected? 
\Mien the cars were in the station and 
Worcester friends saw Worcester box s. 
the ropes were of no more account than 
tow strings, and the crowds of huniani;_v 
surged up 10 the iilatl'oi-in^ and windows, 
wild in their anxiet\ for one more word 
with the loved soldier hoy. An old 
man who had been ludped to tlie sta- 
tion, under the mad ini])ulse nf the 
hour, pu.slied his wa\ through the 
throng and reaching the hand of his 
son, exclaimed, "I am ])roud of you, my 
son, and may (lod ha\e mercx' i_>n you 
and save you from all harm." .\'ot- 
withstanding the tunndt there were 
those to sa\- ""amen" lo this fervent 
prayer. There was ra|)id talking dur- 
ing the moments of the halt, and even 
"Couchee" had his share of ajjplause, 
clad in his green blanket and hat. .So 
charmed was he with his recei)tion that 
he escaped from his friemls. but some 
thoughtful friends captured him and 
put him aboard the last section with an 
injunction to return him to his dwiu'rs, 
though a telegram was received from the 
Company directing that the mascot be 
sent on bv express. A sad cloud fol- 
lowed the passing of the second divi- 
sion of the train, for from the third sec- 
tion was taken the unconscious form of 
Private Charles I. Doherty of Comjjany 
I, a South Boston boy who was struck 
bv a watering spout as the train i)assed 
through Westboro, and he was leaning 
far out of the car window. The minis- 
trations of the Catholic Churcli were 
given him in the station and thence he 
was carried to the City Hospital, but 
death came a little before 7 o'clock, a 
sad ending for a day that had begun so 
joyouslv. When the Worcester people, 
on and off tiie trains, were exchansjing 



greetings, nothing of this calamitv was 
km iwn. 

It WMidd be ihought that ail the people 
in Worcester who cared to see the sol- 
diers en route were at the station, but 
as the train went over the brid.ge at 
.\'ew W.irce.ler. fully three hundred 
people were slatioiu-d there to wave 
with handkerchiefs a last •■good-by." 
Xow tile boys are really otif." This' is 
the way they long have sought and 
their hearts are .glad at the fervency of 
the demonstrations all along the line, 
AppareiUly I'very one knew of their 
coming, and the evening afforded an op- 
p<irtunity for ;dl to throng the stations 
as tiie cars swept through. At Chester, 
there are a brass band and a bonfire. 
Inn. the climax to loe;il display is had in 
I'ntsfield. I '.doming cannon announce 
the appro;icli ,:i the train, and central 
Berkshire gives up its thousands to 
swell the cliorus of hajjjjy greetings for 
I he soldiers scnitiiward bent. While the 
bands play the "Star-spangled P.anner." 
every officer and man is presented with 
a paper bo.\ by the girls in the assemblv 
and, when opened, each box revealed 
not only an ai)i)etizing array of eatables. 
Init a large assortment of religious de- 
vices and eml)lems. '{"he donor's name 
'vas also contained, with a retpiest for a 
word from the reci])ient when the vi- 
cinity (ii the Spam'sh lines is reached. 
Ily way of immediate compensation, the 
.girls sought button souvenirs, thus rob- 
bing every coat sleeve they could reach, 
and one haudscnue fellow lost a part of 
the sleeve itself. Whenever feminine 
fingers closed over tin- coxeted brass, 
something had to give. Still no 

soldier-boy was heard complaining. 
To tlu-m it was a fair exchange. To 
crown all. a tank containing sixty gal- 
lons of coffee was placed on each sec- 
tion, and on the covers were the words. 
"This is hot coffee and Pittsfield wants 
the 9th Massachusetts to make the 
temperature for the Spaniards twice as 
hot when they meet them." This was 
signed by I5avid Rvans, Harry \'an 
Dusen, John McOuaid, J. D. Murphy, 



242 



\\()Rci-;stI':r ix the Spanish war. 






iPBBBnSBHSI 




.\(i\ 



IM M ISSI 



W M I 

1\I I) 



11(1 K 



'K.MMins; 



la 



O. C. I'ish, H. IX Sissnn, Cc. 
loran, Rosccic j. Smith. 

.\iiiiiiil;- tlic nianv notes tmind in tlu- 
]in)\isinn hoxfs. was tlie d illnwini;. 
sisi^nt'd li\- iIk- name.' of W. IT. ChanilnT- 
lain, wliii liad \n:cu a sulijier in the .V'lli 
Illinois. It si)(.'aks tlic Sfntinienls of all 
the citizens of the Ray .'^tate as Ihr rei;- 
inients were leavinir for the seat nf wai" : 









I'm 


lieM. 


\1 


ly 31. |S(|S. 


'Vn 


he Sf.ldii 


r wli 


1 ;.;et 


- Ihi.. 


1. 


\ nf Iniu-h. 


r, 


i.l l.lo 


n,i\ 


)rinu; 


VOU 


lo 


iiic- -al'e and 


SDUI 


.1 1^ tlu- 


ir.i\ 


■r all 


1 wi-h 


, 1 


1 an nld vete- 


ran. 


wlu, kn. 


ws \\ 


hat V 


var IS. 


tl 


1 lie wounded 


and 


left on 


the 


battl 


•-field 


( 


aptnred, etc.. 


etc. 


Will be 


plea 


scd t 


T hear 


1 


vnn enjoyed 


the 


lunch. \ 


on ■ 


re K' 


nn.n d 


"iwii into Tenii. 


II s 


ui)i)<isel 


onto 


sani 


L' firoi 


n 


1 1 inarclu-d 


and 


lonKlit o 


ver. 


Vn 


11 r frii. 


11 


1. 



If the "luninet^" replied to all the re- 
qnests for letters had on this oeeasion, 
they nnist haye materially added to 
Unele -Sam's ])ostoiTice business, for not 
only were there names in the bo.xes. but 
those written in autograph books were 
liable to lead to correspondence. Thus 
at the re(|nest of a small boy one of the 
gallant lieutenants of the Compain- in- 
scrilx'd his nami' and title in an album, 
giying little attention to the matter, but 
when later he received a number of Alas- 
sachusetts papers, describing this en- 
thusiastic reception, he began to wonder 
who the donor could be and. finding the 
nanu- of a lady on one of them, he made 
bold to write and ask how she had come 
to ]cno\y of him and his address. In re- 
ph he had a pleasant note in which he 



IfARDS, COMI'AXV G. 



243 



was fujuiiuil til l;ucss. and i^ucss and 
then think a little, and his conclusion 
was that the knowledge must liavc come 
from the casual favor to the lad in 
Pittsfielcl. Manx pustagc >lani])s have 
been de\-oleil in this \va\ id the enhanc- 
ing of the nati<Mi's revenues. 

It is 12.30 a.m. of the first day of 
June when the Hudson River is crossed 
and the train stops in .\lhany. and here, 
for the first time, the "Emiuets" heard 
the melanchdly news of Doherty's 
death. While this is not a sleeping 
(rain, it is reasonable to suppose that 
some sleeping was done both before 
and after leaving New York's cajjital. 
hut night shut out all the scener\- of the 
llu(Uon, and 6 o'clock in the nmrning 
foiuid tlic boys in Jersey City. ha\ing 
run down on the West Shore. When 
section three rinis alongside nf two. 
"Couchee"' is returned to his guardians 
and once more the dog star is in the as- 
cendant. The stay is short, and in fif- 
teen minutes Massachusetts men are 
rushing thrcnigh New Jersey. They 
lake the Philadelphia it Reading 
route and are the oliserved of all Jersey- 
men as the train bears them along. They 
note the Delaware in crossing, and soon 
thev pause in Philadelphia. .\t 10 
o'clock they arc in Wilmington and at 
12.30 they are in Paltimore. \\'hile the 
reception here was tiotliing like that ac- 
corded the Sixth on the 21st of May, it 
was not wanting in many indications of 
interest. Washington is entered at 2.30 
and the halt is the briefest ijossible. 
.\nother half hour and Dunn-I.oring. 
the destination, is reached. The hours 
are for the first section of the train. 
The "Emmets" and their section did not 
arrive till 6 o'clock. 

Dunn-Loring! "What's in a name?" 
is the query of the great dramatist. So 
far as the foregoing station is concerned, 
the answer would be. "\"'ery little, asi''e 
from the letters which make up the 
words." When or why Luring was 
"done" no one can tell, but there are 
only five or six houses to attest the 
doing. From the point of debarkation 
to the camp intervene three hot. dusty 



miles, and tmdei- the liea\y marching 
burdens of the .\inth they are long 
ones, but t(i the credit of the men it 
nuist be staled that every one kept his 
place, .-ind iK'ither stragglers nor hos- 
pital had any tales to tell of failures and 
human weakness, though if each man 
were to sjieak his real feelings, there 
were m;uiy nmuK'nls when the ordeal 
sugge>ird inu|nalitied rest. Camp Rus- 
sell A. .\lger is located on the old Fair- 
fa.x estate and is three miles from Fair- 
fax Court Mouse, so identified with the 
W'ar of the Rebellion. It is almost as 
large as the District of Columbia and 
has thirty-two regiments in camp, and 
two nicire are expected. It is said to be 
seven nn'U's sc|iiare. .\t anv rate, it is 
so lariie tlK'.t the fiih .Massachusetts, 
which ])receded the .\inlh to this point, 
is camped two miles away. 

Tlie arrival of the regiment is a sig- 
nal for the jolliest kind of a reception 
by the organizations alreadv there. Es- 
necially w,-i> this the case with the 7th 
Illinois, which was jn-t a day old in 
cam]), and when the men saw the green 
flag of Erin, they shouted with delight, 
for they had been denied the privilege 
of miftirling theirs. Rock-ribbed New 
England thus showed her more liberal 
princijiles. The band of the 33d Michi- 
gan wnn the e\erlasting regard of the 
X'inth thrdugh playing "The Wearing 
iif the ( Irei'u" ;is the .Massachusetts 
"boys" came into camp. 

Rations for the Xinth were still on the 
way. so the invitation of the Chicago 
boys to come over and sup with them 
was gratefully accepted and the pressed 
ham sandwich with a cup of coffee filled 
a long-felt want. 

.\ tempor.ary site for the regiment is 
taken on what ]iroves to be the parade 
ground, hence thoughts are early turned 
towards where the regular lodgment 
shall be. . Xothing ]>etter than rubber 
blankets keep sleejiers ofif the ground 
during the first night. It is announced 
that each company will have to clear 
space for itself in the nearby forest, and 
Company D. Ijackwoodsmen from Bos- 
ton, get onto their job at once. The 



244 



\\(iKn:sTER i\ Tin-: sr.wisii war. 



m-\\ ciiiiK-rs an- natural rxjildrcrs and 
tlu'v si)ci-(lil\- rind in tlir wchkIs ancient 
breastworks and ruins which clearly in- 
dicate the Civil War nf the sixties. 
^^'atcr is a scarce article, thon^h arte- 
sian wells siiniewhat relieve the tronl)le, 
hut for a hath the bather must S'l) two 
miles, nut altogether encouraoinfr to 
cleanliness, h'ruits ;uid vegetables are 
til be had fruni huck-ters, who are in 
constant e\idence. Ice water is a Inx- 
urv not sup])lied by the government. 

Thursdav, June 2d, brings the wel- 
come information that the i-egimeiU 
will remain where it is tor the jireseut. 



takes with him Peter V. Sullivan, one of 
the princi|ial musicians, t< i ])urchase 
bugles, that the outfit may be correct. 
A large delegation from the Si.xth comes 
(iver to give the Ninth a serenade. Later 
in the night, one of the flood-abounding 
storms for which the region is noted, 
swept over the canij). Those who had 
not taken the precaution to dig trenches 
arotmd their respective tents, had ocea- 
nic m to realize that the w-ater famine, 
hithei'to ileplored, was thoroughly 
broken. The morning of the 3d re- 
\ealed a ]irospecl, where there were 
drains, niit unlike an irrigation field in 




.\ !■ k AM I xcii \M M i;.\ii >\<y. 



\nucr the crooki-.l wa\s are made Colorado, while efforts to dr\ the con- 

str.iight and .-in air of |iermanency is ;tt lents of the tent^, under the burning sun, 

once assumed; (lecor;itions in the line suggested Chinese l;iundries. Somehow, 

of tree branches being found in the rations <lo not ap|)ear in cpiantities to 

woods which ;dionnd lianl b\ . Caiitam sati-fv the boys, but their purses enable 

Carl Wagner, a former Worcester box Ihem to help out with items, such as 

and man. now at the hea.l of eggs, berries and milk, bought from the 

Comi)anv \.. 3.VI Michigan, Sons of farmers. 

X'eterans. giveV Captain' .Moynihan ( in its second day in cam]), the Ninth 

a call, and ]ileasure at the meeting surprised its neighbors by a fidl dress 

is nnUnal. t'ougressmau {'"itzgerald, parade and |Kissage. As yet. no other 

who still maintains a sort of guardian- bodv hail ventured more than a battalion 

shiii of the regiment, comes over from exhibit. Of course the band was missed 

Washington a)id s])eaks ])leasant words and the regiment could not step to the 

to the bo\s. When he goes awav, he music of the volunte'-red band of the 



EMMET crAUl) 



iMPAXV r,. 



245 



Jtli lllmnis, SI I the liii<;lcr> were de- 
]3eii(le(l upon entireK ami iberel)}' 
greatly impressed the Westenu-rs. 

While complaints both loud ami deep 
were heard at Camp Dewey on acenunt 
of dela_\' there, the lio\s an- i^lad em)UL;h 
that they are fulK ei|ui|)ped, fur the 3.^1 
Michigan i-. not armed auil the Teime^- 
seeans are not even uniformed. They 
realize that delays are not always the 
worst policy. Afterwards, when it ap- 
peared that the .Massachusetts men had 
two suits of uniforms, then Tennessee 
ncii^hhors duhlied them "dudes," and it 
was said that the\- were cumiiiL; nver. 
some dark night, and even u]) their p(i\- 
erty with the Ray State wealth. Wheiher 
they e\-er reall\- contem])lated thi^ nr 
not. the\- eertainU praetieecl the better 
part of valor and let the welb^uited 
boys alone. 

A large bundle of Worcester Tele- 
grams piUs the "I'Jimiets" in line with 
Worcester matters and the\ feel to bless 
the man who in\ented printing. 

Satiu'du) tind.^ the "luimiets" getting 
used to their cam]), securing floors for 
their tents from the forest resources, 
and making the actpiaintance of men 
from other states. A noteworthy call is 
had from Cha]ilain lloyt of a Pennsyl- 
vania regiment, and he tells t'aptain 
Moynihan that he enlisted in the "I'ju- 
mets" in Rebellicm da\s an<l si'rved as a 
drunnner boy thoughout the war. 
Though a man seventy years of age. he 
surprises all by jumping into his saddle 
when he rode away. He had tried to 
enlist in the City Guards when a boy, 
but had been rejected on account of his 
lack of stature, .\nother visitor, re- 
ceived most gladly for his familiar face, 
is Peter ^IcLoughlin, a \\'orcester boy 
now in the Law School of Georgetown 
College. The serenade of the Massa- 
chusetts .Sixth is repaid this evening by 
fully one-l-'alf of the regiment .going 
over to the camp of their old friends 
and giving them a musical reminder, 
and by w i\ of refi-eshments they had all 
the water they wanted. In the daily 
routine of camp there is no mess-house. 
each man getting his supply from the 



cooks and ini|)ro\ises his own table and 
chair, lie is his own dishwasher also. 
The culinary duties, at present, are per- 
formed by Cook Mct'arten. assisted by 
barrell and I'.urke. who ha\'e been 
dubbed"! )elia", and". Mehitable" respect- 
ively. Water is scarce and the boys 
lia\e to bring it from a distance, each 
taking hi> turn, the same coming around 
very often, ajjparently. .\lso every man 
has to take his part with the axe in pre- 
)iaring wood for the cooks. The axe is 
a wca|)on (|uile strange to some of these 
cit\ lads. When later the Tennesseeans 
had to mo\r theii- c.anip ihev were ob- 
liged to lea\e a largi' (|u;nUity of wood 
which, with frontier |)ro\idence. they 
had ]jiled up. ( )ur Worcester hoys found 
it much easier to carry this to their 
camp in .'irmftils. especially when re- 
turning from drill and the school of the 
soldier, than to cut it fresh from tile 
standing limber. The\ exhibited thus 
real \ew I'.ngland thrift. 

The Sth of June is Sunday, and the 
tirst religions services in Camp Alger 
for the .Xintli are had. an altar having 
h''en constructed at the extreme end of 
the parade ground. Chaiilain Murphy 
officiated and afterwards i)reached an c\- 
cel'ent sermon. Soldiers from other reg- 
inn-nts and other slates were present. 
The members of the Xinth could not 
have looked better had they been on 
dress jiarade. Time is telling on the 
adaptability of the "[•".mmets." They are 
learning how to keep house, or rather 
"tent." Tf there is a better tent tloor 
in camp than Lieutenant McCann's, it 
is not generally known. Sergeant 
Casex's scptad has so bedecked its <|uar- 
ters that thev are known as the "P.ay 
.'-^tale House." Cor])oral McSweeney 
opens a barber shop and I'rivate Tracey 
wields the razor. T. J. .Ahearn goes 
water-hunting and comes hack with the 
de<"laration that he has fomid two 
wells, l)ut sul)se(pient searching fails to 
contlrm his find. His friends put it 
down as the first case on record of a 
man's seeing double on water. Old-time 
relics are found in the siiape of a long- 
buried canteen covering a pair of shoes ; 



246 



W'OKCESTER IN TTIE SPANISH WAR. 








Corliss, SuL-c-HL-y 

Kolev. McCartin, 

J. F. Horan. 



KKMINnER OK FR AM INI'.IIA M , 



the latter drop to pieces, hut the canteen 
goes home as a precious rehc cif the Re- 
bellion. Miss Hertha l\ellc>-. a W'nv- 
cester girl employee! in the government 
printing office in Washington, with her 
friend, Aliss l*"annie F.rney, called on 
Captain A[o\-nihan and left a large 
basket (if fruit, thereby wiiuii'ig the grat- 
itude of the 1)1 i\s. whose stomachs are 
always susce]>tible. 

A variation in the life of the "F.m- 
mels" is had nn the dth, when in light 
marching order they are taken by Ca])- 
tain Moynihan in a cross-country spin 
to inure them to what marching really 
is. 'riu-\ stc'p off at a rattling pace and 
f(jiu- miles awa\- strike the Warrenton 
turnjiikc. wlKie ihere are mementoes of 
kebellidu da\s. not llie Uast interesting 
being an old citi/eu whose tales of long- 
ago are esi)ecially rt-lished by the boys, 
coujjlcd as they are with recollections of 
.\losl)y and his men. Sergeant J. J. Cor- 
liss is detailed to return to Worcester 
and tlu-re recruit tlu' Com])any to the 
maxinuun, viz., io(j men. The next da\ , 
or 'ruesday. a re])etition of the marching 
ex])erience of Monday i^ had, with the 



merciu'v ranging up in the <)o's both 
days. The distance covered is estimated 
at tweh'e miles, with only one stop, a 
pretty severe test of the endurance of 
Worcester lads, but they are equal to it 
andsecurethecommendation of Ceneral 
\\'. M. (Irahani, division conuiiander, 
will 1 meets them c ni their retm-n. Colonel 
liogan of the Xinth is honored with the 
eonunaud of the provisional lirigade just 
formed. That the "Emmets" may know 
what digging for breastworks means, 
tlie\- get a little experience in this line, 
too. The cam]) is pleased to see within 
its limits the Rev. l'"ather Sherman, a 
s(in iif William Tecumseh Sherman of 
Rebelliiiu fame, now the Chaplain of a 
Missouri regiment, the 4tli. .Ml the 
variety (he hoys get in the food line, 
which is confined generally to bacon, 
])otatoes. hardtack and cofifee, is had by 
changing the order of serving these 
items, vet every day is making better 
soldiers of these men used, hitherto, 
iinlv to the indifferent exactions of city 
life' .\s they tan or burn under the 
southern sky, they are gaining strength 
for coming ordeals. Captain Moyni- 



EMMET GUARDS, COMPANY G. 



247 



lian is the first representative of his 
regiment to be ( Jfficer-of-the-Day in 
Camp Alger, a distinetiim aisn jield by 
him in Camp Dewey. 

Wednesday, June 8th, a ])arty of fif- 
teen, inckiding Sergeant Corhss of d 
Company, set out for the nurth U<': re- 
eruiting purposes. Thirty-two men are 
wanted by tlie "Emmets" to eomplete 
tlicir numbers. He leaves the camp about 
as happy as usual, which means that 
there are good natured folks there, and 
some who kick at this or that and who 
would find something to complain about 
if thev liad been located in the garden of 
Eden. I'nr two da\-s fresh meat has 
been served, which h-s'^ ns somewiiat 
the horrors of contimious fat bacon, but 
it still takes a mile walk for a drink of 
good water. The distrilnition on the 
(jth of the per capita portion, amounting 
to $3.40 each, of the $250 gift of the 
honoraries, comes to the 1)oys as a Cod- 
send, and the\' lose no time in trans- 
ferring a goodly part thereof to the 
keeping of the hucksters, whose goods 
are passed out in exchange, though it 
should be said that the ingredients of 
some of the \irginia pies are of such 
unhealthful character that, by the Colo- 
nel's order, thev are excluded thereafter 
from the camp, a severe deprivation for 
New England boys, to whom pie is a 
necessitv, something more than a mere 
luxury. ( )n tlii^ day, Ma}nr Dodge of 
Worcester, accompanied by Policeman 
John Legasey, honors the camp with a 
visit. He comes at an early hour, for it 
is only between 7 and 8 a.m. that he ap- 
pears and receives the enthusiastic 
greetings of his Worcester citizens afar 
from home. In the afternoon comes the 
Rev. Rector Thomas Conaty, of the 
National University, and he receives a 
glad hand from the many young men 
whom he had known in his Worcester 
davs. Thev were recalled from drill, 
tliat thev might greet their former 
friend, and they gave tlie reverend gen- 
tleman three hearty cheers. 

"It never rains, but it i)Ours," an 
adage verified on the loth when ."^tate 
Pavmaster Henrv E. Dobbins of Boston 



visits t'amp .\lger to see about the 
mone\ due the men for their service in 
Camp Dewey l)efore tlieir muster-in to 
that of tlie United States. A like officer 
from the national government is also ex- 
pected soon. Already appetites are 
whetted in expectation of good things 
coming. "Ceneral" Charles II. Taylor 
of the r.oston Globe brings to camp a 
garrison- flag which is to float over 
brigade headquarters, and Congressman 
J. E. Eitzgerald, with his accustomed 
elo(|uence, presents the same. The heat 
is intense, the mercury ranging Irom 
QO to 100 degrees, ami the duck suits 
given out at Cam]) Dewey are the envy 
of regiments not so well equipi)cd. 
The proximity of Washington sug- 
gests to the men of Company G the 
desirableness of a trip there, and they 
are promised by their ("aptain that every 
one shall have the pleasure 01 a visit to 
the nation's capital, the men to go in 
s<iuads. One day, so many "Emmets" 
are absent from dress parade that 
r,ieutenant-colonel Logan remarks upon 
the fact, and, when told that it is the 
Worcester Company, he smilingly says, 
"Great Company that, fourteen men and 
a dog." The anjiroach of June 17th 
IM-ompt^ the irretire-^sible soldiers from 
Postoii and vicinitv to make nrci)ara- 
tions for a r.imker Hill div. Saturday, 
the iith. has a place in memory's cal- 
endar. I'or then, at 5 p.m.. Pavmaster H. 
E. Dobbins l>egan jiaying the Ninth the 
nionev, sixteen dollars each, due them 
for the earlier ])art of their Camp Dewey 
stav. Worcester does not forget her 
bovs and John Casey receives a locket 
o-oni his sister Katherine, and Daniel 
I iardner is made hajipy l)y a revolver 
from his brother John, with the some- 
what gruesome hope that it may kill its 
share of Spaniards. Captain Moynihan. 
as Ofificer-of-the-day. makes things lively 
for all concerned. 

lime iJth brings Sunday again and 
mass is celebrated in the shady woods 
from 6 to 9 a.m., the altar having been 
erected by a detail from each Company, 
and nicely decorated with ferns. 
Through practice the choir is improv- 



248 



WIlUI, KSIKK IX llll-. Sr\N-|Sll WAR 




int;-, and sacred nuisic smindiny. aniono' 
the trees recalls the line from I'.ryanl : 

•■The src.vcs were CkhI's first tcmi.les/' 

Chaplain Murpliv's talk was a practical 
one on the best use of money, the same 
occasioned by the recent visit of the jiay- 
master. So intense is the heat, all drill 
is off and the men tind needed re-t. 
lieutenant llurlev and John Muriih}. 
however, take a siL;iit-seein:,; trip to I hill 
Run, thirteen miles away, while Ser- 
jjeant lloran ami a si|uad of men visit 
the Sixth. When ihey return they wear, 
in adcliliou to their smiles, a cousider- 
ahle tmmher of medals which thev have 
won in contests preliminary to the com- 
ino- I'.uuker Hill celeliration. l.otli the 
Sergeant and I'rivate h'hn l..irner he- 
iiiff aniont; the winners. ( )n Moiida\ 
the surgeon started the week with a 
careful visitation of the stan<h about the 
cam]) whence are sold >oft drinks, in- 
duced thereto b\ the number of stomach 
cases in the hospital, and as a result, 
manv of the eiitirprises are ordered oil 
and a drink diet of milk is urgentl\ rec- 
ommended. Considering the cheaj) price 
at which this beverage can be ])rocured 
it would seem well for the men to take 



the phvsiciau's advice. Tue.sday, Sur- 
geon Deviue followed up his work with 
a lecture to the •■F.mmets" on the hy- 
o-iene c)f caniii life, giving the best of 
practical advice as to fo.Hl and hab- 
its. As a matter of fact the percentage 
of -Enmiets" on the sick list is the 
smallest in the regiment. 

Weduesdax, Inne 13. has its full com- 
j.lement of rumors, and -the regiment is 
sure to move'" in several directions on 
the same dav. The heat is so intense 
that drill is out of the question, more 
time being siient in the woods than on 
the drill ground. Kven dress parade is 
|,ostpone'd till ('.45. Through care m 
this direction pn.str.ations on account of 
heat <lo not occur. The time seems fa- 
vorable for visits to the caitital, an(l the 
bovs are taking their turns. Miss hJiza- 
beth r.rosiian, sister of CeorgeW., 
a Worcester lady who is to be chief of a 
nurse corps, calls on Captain Moynihan 
,ind leaves a generous gift of ijrovisions 
for the men, while Thomas McDermott 
.-md 1 laniel :\Iurphy, students in Balti- 
more Seminary, also good \\'orcester 
natives, call on the Company. Tf possible 
the welcome extended to a note from 
Thomas II. lUicklev of Worcester was 



EM.MKT (IIAUI) 



)MI'.\\V G. 



249 



warnuT still. sincL- it coiitaiiu-d a check 
fur tweiity-tivc dollars. This staunch 
citizen was away frotii lionic when the 
"Emmets" went thronnii the cit\ an<l 
this gift is sent as a reniindt'r that he 
does not forget. lie receive^ three 
cheers and a tiger almost loud enough 
to be heard over the interval between 
his home and the cam]). The amount 
goes into the Company mess fund. 
"Couchee," "G" Company's mascot, has 
a trial by battle with a similar character 
in the Xatick company and, much to 
the regret of his sponsors, comes out 
worsted and is taken to the hosjiital for 
repairs. Plastered and poulticed he is 
still considered lucky for the Company 
if not for himself. That the Worcester 
men delight in physical prowess is evi- 
dent in that tlie\- endure a fifteen min- 
utes' dela\- of dinner, while the cooks, 
Farrell and I'.urke, decide which is the 
better wrestler. I'nfortunatelw the re- 
sult is a draw. "Patsey" Powers, the 
headquarters caretaker, develojjs som- 
nambulistic tendencies and in his sleep 
walks into another tent carrying his 
blanket and lies down between the two 
occupatits, much to their astonishment. 
He also introduces as a rival to 
"Couchee" a brindle imp and i)Uts the 
two dogs on good terms. Tt is claimed 
that from their state pay the "l'"nunet-" 
sent hnmr fully $700. 

To Ch.-irlestown boys the night be- 
fore the 17th of June is much like the 
eve of July 4th to the rest of the nation. 
The Bunker Hill contingent in the Xin h 
decided to keep up their home habits in 
orthodox manner and they succeeded. 
along with the lielp of the "F.mmets" 
and other comiianies. There were illu- 
minations, and the bugle brigade was 
supplemented b>- a large'number of fish 
horns, which by some means made their 
appearance in camp. Though the men 
were in the national service and the 
rules were supposed to be very strict, 
there was a most decided letting down 
of all restraint. ?^Ien are returning from 
WashingttMi frequently, and when Lieu- 
tenant McCann and party returned they 
brought with them the largest lead nen- 



cil ever seen in cam]), the same being 
for a recoriling instrument in the hands 
of the Captain. When Sergeant Horan 
])resents the formidable utensil, said to 
be mightier th;in the sword, he says, 
"Captain, this is fur you to use in kee])- 
ing tab on the miMi." To which ]ileas- 
antrv the Cajilain re])lies in similar vein, 
"Pll probably use it u]) in kee])ing tab 
on the First Sergeant." The men are 
finding some work to do in cutting down 
trees and removing nnderl)rush, as 
tliough a change in camping jilace 
niiglit ]>v tuider way. The 17th of 
Fune was marked by the celebration so 
long contemiilated. Congressman Fitz- 
gerald, always active, was the soul of the 
whole affair, arranging for the prizes 
and giving the i^roject an impetus froiT 
the start. The first act in the drama 
was a game of baseball on the Sixth's 
grounds l>etween the rival nines of this 
regiment and of the Sixth. Tt ended at 
seven innings with a score of 5 to j. in 
favor of the Sixth, though if the other 
two innings had been jjlayed tlie bovs 
of the Xinth were confident of winning. 
Fogarty and dilmore of "G" Comnany 
])layed second base and right field, re- 
sjiectivelv. George W. P.rosnan of the 
"Fmmets" scored for the Xinth. and 
Fieutenant Hubert Jackson,* a Wor- 
cester boy, did the same for tlie .Sixth. 
The game was stopped on account of 
the presence of the t'nited States ])ay- 
master in the camp of the victors, and 
his attractions no one could resist. The 
afternoon contests were on the grounds 
of the Xinth and resulted in favor of the 
hoiiu' contestants, the chief honors go- 
ing to James ^FcGrath, Michael Flynn, 
William Mnr])hy and Daniel W. O'Con- 
nor, To give a home-like look to the 
Com])any street, the boys have put up 
a bird house in front of the Captain's 



*\Villiani Hubert Jacks, 
irom the Classical High 
liostoii University, 180,^: 
P.. U. Law School. Was 
I'onipany I, (the colored 
Sixth; commanded his c 
Rico; afterwards had a c 
Philippines, and is now 
I^ittsburg, Penn. He got 
from Lieutenant McCann. 



)n was graduate! 

School in 188-): 

later from the 

First Lieutenant, 

companj') of the 

ompany in Porto 

immission in the 

practicing law in 

his military start 



250 



WORCESTER I\ THE SPANISH WAR. 




J. Sullivan. Mai.'K Ma..irn. 

(AMP AlJ,i:k, 

tent just f(jr a jiair uf martins, and eacli 
man is a committee to see that no harm 
comes to the feathered housekeepers. 
Owing- to a generous gift of $500 in- 
Boston's superintendent of streets. P.. 
^^'. ^^■ells. tlie Ih.vs liad chicken for 
supper, and Alaynr Ouincy's check for 
$150 paid for evenini,'- fireworks. 

.Saturday, June i.'^lii, is tilled with 
rumors of departiu'e. and the fact tjiat 
Genera] If. W. Dnfheld, hrii^ade c(ini- 
mander. witji his staff insjtccts the regi- 
ment goes far to suhstantiale the he- 
hcf that tlie stay in Camp Alger will not 
he long. I'rivate Fitzgerald, who has 
been in \\'< )ri-ester, returns to cam]) 
laden down with appreciative gifts from 
huine friencU. The Ladies' .\nxiliary of 
thr "I'jnmcts" sends siiongc;, lead ))en- 
c-ils and shoe hu'es. ;dl lieing hadly 
nerded, .-inil man\ uf thr men are re- 
mcmlicrecl pcrs(iii;dly. Sun(la\ witnessed 
a dcridt'd innn\;il ic m in that the I'Mig 
contem])'ated tri'> tn the Potomac was 
f)egnn. The X'intli is a regiment in the 
Tst I'rigade. ,vl i )i\isinn, Jd Armv Cor]js. 
and its associates are the 33d and 
the 34th -Michig;in. f-'vidently those 
in authority wished to see just what 
the men could do under "hurr\- up' 
orders, since not even the officers of the 



regiment knew its destination. At 9 
;i.m. came tlie command from brigade 
hea(k|uarters for the men to be ready 
in an hour for a trip, no one knew 
where, but shelter tents were given out 
and two days' rations were consigned to 
eacli man's haversack. His tent and 
blankets were rolled into a "horse col- 
lar" and before the assigned time the 
regiment was ready. It soon became 
]<nown that the Potomac was the ob- 
jective point, but what the distance was 
iew, if any, knew. The march to Dmm- 
L<jring was dusty, as all midsunnner 
trips in N'irginia are, and soon the way 
stretches off to the eastward. The two 
.Michigan regiments are pushing along 
also. .\earl\ five hours were occupied 
in the march and many a plan was made 
as to what would be done when "( )ld 
I'otomac's .Shore" was reached. The 
river is historic, and those who had read 
their liooks to any jiurpose conjured U]) 
many a vision as the\' caught the first 
glimpse of its waters. .Shelter tents are 
jiitched on the banks of the stream and 
ever\' man promises himself a diji in 
its cooling waters ere "taps" are 
souniled. 

( )nl\' the unexpected happens, for 
hardh- had the "Emmets" got their tents 
up in good shape and were making prep- 
arations for the r\ening's fun when 
there came an ordei' for the 2d Pat- 
talion. to which the Worcester C'oni- 
panv belongs, to break camp and to 
march two miles away for outpost duty. 
1 laving traveled fifteen miles already, 
this is not cxactlv insjiiriting, but it is 
;i soldier's part to ol)e\ ordei's, however 
disagretable, so the tents come down 
and, with \-ivid jiictures of tlie good 
times the other fellows arc having, the 
"F.mmets" and their fellows push out to 
their respective stations, just as their 
fathers were doing in this very section 
nearly fort\' years before. There is no 
pitching of tents and the boys rest un- 
der the blue canopy, though some of the 
active lads, when ofif duty, improved the 
opportunity to scour the neighborhood, 
thus making some interesting acquaint- 
ances. If in these rambles they sampled 



EMMKT GUAKOS. COMl'.WV <;. 



251 



Dthcr iood tlian that carricil in their 
haversacks ami if, occasionally, they had 
a drink of something stronger than 
aqua pura, the blame must be laid on 
those who sent them away from tlu' 
ri\er's banks. Xotwithstanding the 
untimely ending of plans for a swim in 
the classic stream, the boys were dream- 
ing of carrying them out the next day, 
when lo, at 4 a.m., they were roused to 
make ready for their return to Camp 
Alger, and at 8 o'clock they were headed 
west for their former station. The wax- 
was dusty as usual. 

"And the broad sun abino IniiKdu'd a piti- 
less laugh." 

trying theniettle of every man in the 
brigade. It was clearly a trial of en- 
durance and the eastern soldiers came 
through with shining colors. .\t the 
end of the trip, there were only four men 
of the Ninth in the ambulance, while 
more than five times that number from 
the western regiments had wilted. In 
the retrospect the men viewed the ex- 
perience as a valuable one, still they had 
no desire to repeat it at once. 

Tuesday, the 21st, came ^^lajor F. 11. 
Hammond, originally a Clinton man. 
with pay due for one month's service 
to the United States. Three days' pay 
was kept back, so that each i)rivate re- 
ceived only $14.04 for his labor during 
twenty-seven days. Xo man wnuld ever 
enter his country's service with money- 
getting as his principal object. Chap- 
lain J\Iurphy receives an immense num- 
ber, said to be 30,000, of patriotic songs, 
the gift of Brookline Knights of Colum- 
bus, which he is to distribute among the 
men, and Peter F. Smllivan of the 
"Emmets" is the man to pass them 
around. There should be no lack of 
singing in the immediate future. Per- 
haps the bugler did his distribution act 
on the 22d. otherwise there is nothing to 
record for the day. 

The evening of the 23d was made 
memorable and interesting by a visit 
from the /th Illinois, the regiment that 
had extended such cordial greetings 
when the Ninth arrived. Now six hun- 
dred Chicago lads come over and help 



make the welkin ring, for somehow the 
imj^ression is gaining ground that the 
])arting must be near. I-'or many a 
young soldier the "Cead mille failthe" 
I if tliat jiiyoiis evening was his last, since, 
ere the ni-xt mcmth is ended, many 
scores of them will be sleeping 'neath 
the soil of C'uba or the waters of the sea. 
Hap])ily no vision oi impending gloom 
overshadows the pleasures of the night. 

Fridav, Jimc 24th, reputed to be an 
unlucky day, but to the Ninth Regiment 
it means another move, this time nearer 
the foe. .\fter breakfast, each man re- 
ceivi's an abdominal band, sent down by 
the Massacliuselts Soldiers' .Aid Society, 
also from the government a package 
containing a number of items for use in 
case of wounds. There arc antisejitic 
com])resses, bandages and safety jiins, 
with ]irinted directions as to their a|)pli- 
cation. -\11 the things sent to the cam]) 
in the wa\ of |)resents that camiot be 
easilv carried along have been returned 
to the homes of the boys, and heavy 
wearing apparel, including knapsacks, 
have been sent back to Massachusetts. 
( )nlv a light oniht is to be taken to 
troi)ical Cuba. Though nnich was sent 
liome. more was left and neighboring 
colored families fell heirs to a vast quan- 
tity of camp accumulations, including 
in one case no less than twenty-three 
dogs. This ])articular family had long 
wanteil a d'^i:;. and the canine posses- 
sions of the camj) were able to supply 
the deiuand. 

The regiment is to leave only one man 
in the hospital, a case of heat prostra- 
tion, it is 5 o'clock ]).m.\vhen the Ninth 
Massachusetts \'olunteers turn their 
])acks upon Cami) .\l,ger and start for 
Dunn-Loring. The clouds of dust rise 
like smoke, and were there the roll of 
thunder one might think a battle in 
progress, but, notwithstanding the dis- 
comfort, not a man falls out of the ranks 
and without a halt the station is reached 
in an hour. In camp are left the large 
tents hitherto in use, now to be de- 
voted to covering the recruits who are 
soon to come down from the North. To 
look after the new arrivals, a non-com- 



252 



W (IKIICSTKK JX THE SPANISH WAU. 



missioned officer i.-. detailed from eaeli 
company and the representative from 
"G" is Corporal I\rcS\veeney. As Cap- 
tain Moynihan was the first, mi he i^ the 
last Officer-of-the-<lay in Camp Alijer. 
The lui;\<;ati"e which each man is su])- 
])Osed til carr\ . for his ]iresent and fu- 
tnre comfort, consists of a half shelter 
tent, a rnbber blanlet, a wmilen ditto. 
bine fatigue blouse and trou^ers and one 
chang-e of underwear, all rolled to- 
gether and. when tied at the ends, sus- 
pended like a collar from the left shoul- 
der under the right arm. Of this array, 
soldiers in the Rebellion wrndd discard 
all but the tent anil rubber blanket. 



"Patsey" Powers and his dog "Alger" 
were left in the camp, both boy and dog 
most melancholy objects, the boy in 
tears and "Alger" manifestly in, sympa- 
th\. Clad in his semi-regimentals "I'at- 
se\" forms a vivid jiicture in this days 
recor<l. "Couchee." Ik iwevei . came 
along, and right here is a good place to 
briel'ly sketch the career of the "Imh- 
mets' "' fa^■orite. 



(.■(lit llKi:. 

lie is a bull terrier of thoroughbred 
stock, and as a pup in 1891 was the prop- 
er! v of Michael McCarthv of Worcester. 




'riiiiiii^li ihc iiK'ii are un tune, tlie 
trains aie not and si inu' time is con- 
sumed in waiting. There are two sec- 
tiim^ of the train and the "lunniets" ride 
in X'li. 2. It is late in the t-\ening 
when the train starts, and Alexandria is 
reached in something less tli.-m an hour. 
Not much time was gi\en to .sleep on 
this tri]), winch, from \U\andria, was 
about four hcnrs hnig. sim-e all the fun 
that livel\ \iiutlis could crowd into the 
time was had. < )n the way dnw n tn the 
eit\ that niwer failing friend, ('.mgi-ess- 
m;in l'il/ger;ild. had put almard the train 
a (piantit) of eatables :inil ilriidx.diles 
which he kinwv would be a])])reciated lie- 
fore there was a chance to get more. 
He has iu;i(le himself solid with the luen 
<if the Ninth foi" all their natural live-. 



When the Coinpan\ decided that a mas- 
cot was necessary the eyes of Serge;int 
Horan fell on the lively form of McCar- 
thv's dog. and the owner gallantly 
]iroffered the services of his canine to 
the State. The\- were accepted, and from 
th;it time onward the aifimal has been 
eons|}ienous on ;dl niilit;ir\ occasions. 
He alwa\s went to camp at l'"raniiug- 
ham anil was an invariable feature on 
parade, his first aiipearance being in 
i8o_'. Though each meiuber of the Com- 
])an\- constituted himself a part own- 
er of "Couchee." his name and fame 
spread throughout the entire regiment 
and brigade. So well did he know his 
|)l;ice that no restraint was put upon 
hiiu in camp and he had free run of the 
field. ( )nce. however, he came to grief 



I ( l.Ml'AW 



253 



;ui(l that was when, in spnrt. a nu-inhrr 
of the 8th Regiment clapped the vi^itnr 
into a mess-chest and then forgot him 
for a nunil^er of hours, or until the ])Miir 
dog- was alm(>st sufifocate<l. On taking 
him out of his hox he was lini]) and aj)- 
parently lifeless, hut he res])onded in 
etiforts to resuscitate and, when his wits 
came back, he hustled dver tn his (nn- 
panv street in a li\ely mannei-, hence- 
forth to remain nearei' liomi.', at all 
events giving the Xth Regiment .i 
w'ide berth. In iSyj, when .Ma>sachu- 
setts sent her soldiery to New \'ork tn 
bear a part in the dedication of (ieneral 
Grant's tomb, the "iMumets" carried 
"Couchee" and. imder the care of j. j. 
Corliss, he made the inarch up llrn.-id 
way, enlisting the attentinn ni the ])Hpn 
lace and also that nf many animals (it 
his own kind, with whiJi he was imt un- 
willing to light nil very slight ])rn\iica- 
tion. Indeed, so numeriius were his 
scraps that his next frieiicl had tn at- 
tach a chain to his collar, llins restrain- 
ing his martial spirit. lie cnuld not 
realize that time had mulniie some nf 
his fighting ([ualities, and thniigh his 
native fire was unciuenched. his teeth, his 
onlv weapons, were too badly broken 
for efficient use on the battlefield, hence 
the necessil) nf nver-ighl nii llu- part 
of the "T'jmnels," wlm ln\ed him de.iii\-, 
and were determined ihat wherever they 
went there slmnld gn "Cnuchee" also, 
hence his presence as the Xinth leaves 
Camp Alger. His experience with the 
Compan^' in Xew York extended his 
fame Iieynnd I'.ay ."^tate limits sn ihal 
When the Xinth marched into Cam]) 
.\lger the Illinois ."seventh recognized 
the dog before they did the luen. 

The mnrning nf the -'3th brings the 
second sectimi <if the regiment to Xew- 
port Xews ami a union with the first, 
which was already there. This place, 
dating from the days of Captain John 
Smith, is one of \"irginia"s tip ends and 
is immediately opposite I-^irtress Mon- 
roe. In Rebellion days General Butler 
gave considerable attention to its forti- 
fication. Xow it is an imjiortant rail- 



road terminus. .\n enthusiastic recep- 
tion awaited them frnm the citizens, 
who ap])arently were all out to see and 
ai)plaud. There was a splendid lunch 
in readiness, and a regular army officer, 
in due time, escorted the men to a mag- 
nillceiit l.iwn which fronted Hampton 
Rnads, where Imi cot?ce was served bv 
the gnvenmieiii. The first installment of 
ihe regiment gnt in ;ihcad, but erelong 
Ca|itaiii .Mnynihan led his boys into 
tnnch with the gnnd things provided. 
The waters befnre the ])lace of feasting, 
nearly fnrl v \e,irs before, had borne the 
rebel ram .Merrimac when she de- 
stroye<I that portion of the national 
lleet stationed there, and there, too, had 
come ihe lilt'e .Monitor, not alone to 
punish the .Merrimac. but to revolntion- 
'''c all n,i\;d architecture. The boys, 
liowe\-er. ;n\' not so much intent on the 
past as they are as to when thev arc 
to get oti-' to sea. .\t c; a.m. comes an 
orderly from the Captain of the Harvard 
telling (."olonel I'.ngan to have his men 
ready at 1.30 to embark. Leave was 
then given lor the boys to take a bath in 
the inviting waters, a permission that it 
did not take them long to i)rofit bv. and 
soon the briny had in its embrace fullv 
one thousand Massacimsetts boys, en- 
jo) ing to the inmost its cooling, invig- 
orating touch. ( )ne or two favored 
■i'.mmets" had the honor of bathing in 
the house of ;i Lee, a rt-lative of the 
famous Confederate, 'idiere were visible 
many reminders of X'irginia's favorite 
son, and the ( )ld Dominion was the soul 
of hos]Mtality to the I'>ay State, accej):- 
ing b)' way of compensation, for favors 
rendered, only ^^assachusctts buttons. 
The "assembly." sounded at 1 1 o'clock. 
recalled the men to their uniforms and 
places, and a half hour later they were 
taking their lunches from their haver- 
sacks on the Casino grounds, where 
their guns were stacked on arrival. 

Tl^■:^• iC\ri:u "I I.\k\\ki>." 

Xot many of these young soldiers in 
their school days had entertained any 
notion of beci>niing students in Amer- 
ica's oldest college, yet at 12.30 every 



254 



WORCESTER IN THE SrANISII WAR. 




> -*^5|^1 



I'. T. I.. MaKlirn. ist Lieut. Wm. I. Casev. Maj. W'm. H. I Jcvine. D.v. Sii 
Surncnn. Henry nobbins. Paymaster. Col. K. K. Bogan. 

Capt. John J. Sullivan. Lieut. -Col. L. J. Logan. 

I'llCLI) IIKI'ICICKS. N'lXTH M.\SS.. T. S. \'..\(>T ON l'.\ RAI)l-:-C.\M I> .M.C.ER. 



iiK'inlirr (if the Xintli I'diind liini-^elf tliily 
(.ntcrcd in an inslitutinn ni that name, 
in uthcr Wdrds he was almard the Har- 
vard, the new name nf that i^reat ncean 
liner, the New ^'nrk. which is nnw in 
tlie liands of tlie Ljovernment feir the piir- 
po.se of transporting- sokhers to tlie seat 
of war. The men are taken from the 
duck til the ^L^reat vessel liv the ferrv- 
linat l.iiiiise nl the Chesapeake & Ohi.. 
Railroad. Ever\- new mii\-e in this ile- 
licfhtful ilav is accom|)anied 1)\ inke. 
lans'hter and sonti', and well it is that we 
langh while wt- ma\'. "f<ir aimther (la\' 
will lirinL;- ennnLjh sun'ow." .Ml this is 
happeniniL; ( m ."^atnrdax' and llu-re is siill 
nuich t(i (111 in liiadin^;- the threat ve■^sel 
with supplies, huth fur the men and f( u" 
her iiwn .Ljreat Ixiilers and engines. 
There is ample time t(i study and ex- 
amine the appointments of the craft. 
She is receiving a half dozen six-inch 
guns to replace as many smaller ones. 



In addition to the Xinth. she is carry- 
ing twii hattalioiis of the 34th Michigan. 
The decks are scenes (if mirth, nut much 
like a war party, and to the strains of 
the "Red, White and Rlue," in which 
these voices join, some patriotic fellows 
add. "and the Green." But even this 
commingling of colors cannot go on in- 
definitely, and the early hour of 8.30 p.m. 
heholds the soldiers safe in the arm- of 
M(ir]ihens, dreaming of Spaniards, glory 
and Ik line. 

( )ne iiKiri.' Sunday is begun, June 
2rith. in the ( )ld Dominion, and the early 
lingle call meets a (piick response from 
the men whd have rested well in their 
new ipiarters. -\ large force of men has 
wi irked all night to coal the Haiward, 
and even then their task is not com- 
])lete. Notwithstanding the changed sit- 
uation, mass is celebrated in the ship's 
bow-, where an altar had been provided, 
permissiini having been secured from 



EMMET GUARDS, COMl'ANY G. 



255 



the captain nf the Harvard. .Much to 
Chapl-ain Murphy's surprise he was ac- 
costed by the second officer of the ves- 
sel, before his services l^en-aii, with the 
statement that he could not have his 
exercises there, hut a little decided talk 
on the Chaplain's part, with a direction 
to Sergeant Horan of the "Emmets'" to 
detad a squad of men for guard duty, 
cleared the air and the devotions pro- 
gressed. At 2..^op.ni. anchor is weighed 
and the Harvard, laden with men. 
ammunition and subsistence, is otf for 
Cuba. She departs accompanied l)\- the 
good wishes of the thousands who see 
her turn her prow to the sea. Every 
whistle where steam was up let' go a 
mighty sound in testimony of apprecia- 
tion and. convoying the repair ship \ ul- 
can. the Harvard with her representa- 
tives of Massachusetts and ?\fichigan is 
off for Santiago. 

This is before the days of Alarconi 
wireless telegraphy, so for several days 
the vessel and her occupants are a world 
to themselves, except as the Harvard 
may be sighted by some passing craft. 
The letters, so regularly sent to the ])a- 
pers of Worcester and Boston, are want- 
ing and "The Ninth" as a glaring head- 
line disappears for a season. Still there 
is something doing every day on board 
the ship.ancl though, as a rule. not good 
sailors the men gradually develop sea 
legs, at least sufficiently to ajipreciate 
the historic trip they are takin.g. A]ipar- 
ently the fare on shipboard is better than 
that provided when the Second sailed 
from Tampa, or the kickers would have 
been heard from. There are 1,400 miles 
of sea journey before the men, and there 
is much time to be killed ere they can 
begin the Spanish destruction on which 
they are supposed to be bent. So calm 
is the sea and so devoid of incident the 
trip, the careful annalist had hard work 
to write up his "line a day." Alonday 
night the Harvard sighted a craft on her 
starboard and as she had no light burn- 
ing she was overhauled, arousing sen- 
sations of interest among the landsmen 
looking on. However, as her papers 
proved to be in order the boys had to 



resign tlu'niselves to sleep williout suf- 
ficient excitement to inlluence their 
dreams. Tuesday, 28th, the repair ship 
\'ulcan signalized the day by getting 
lo>t. In nixtliology X'ulcan was a lame 
god and lii> namesake verified the pro- 
priety of ils appellalion h\- moving in a 
halting manner, vo ninch so that she 
sensil)l\- impeded the ])rogress of the 
Harvard. It took fully two hours for 
the larger \e-sel to overhaul the miss- 
ing lloating toolshop.a consumption of 
time thai under some circumstances 
might prove hi,ghl_\- disastrous. Though 
not far from land at any time, it is not 
till Wednesday that i)oints of interest are 
pointed out. !'. J- Sullivan of the "Em- 
mets" was a sailor of cx]icricnce. having 
been on the Chicago, once the flag-ship 
of the white squadron, and has repeated- 
ly passed through these waters. His 
knowledge is in |ilace mid lu- has inter- 
ested listeners as he points out localities 
famed in early American history. Some 
of the Piahama group are noted and he 
shows his credulous comrades SanSal- 
\ador.tirst sighted l)y thegreat (lenoese 
in 141)-'; but the l)oys draw the line of 
belii'f when he tries to tell them just 
wlu're Cohimlius landed. On Thurs- 
day comes the last day of Jime. and in 
the afternoon at about 3 p.m. wiiile still 
on the north side of Cuba, on the port 
side a vessel is sighted whose stran.ge 
behavior excites some wonder on the 
Harvard. She does not respond to the 
latter's signals and througli a glass has 
the appearance of a torpedo boat. The 
guns of the vessel were trained on the 
stranger and twenty-pound projectiles 
were placed within tiie cannon ready for 
use. The interrogated craft turns about 
and heading for the Harvard, immedi- 
atelv the word goes out that a Spanish 
destrover is coming. Tiie Ninth is or- 
dered to "fall in" and things begin to be 
really excitin,g. but once more a "flasii- 
in-the-pan'' is recorded, since it is only 
a collier, the Alexandria, on her way to 
Norfolk, which had failed to answer the 
signals of the Harvard through having 
forgotten the code. Jnsl a little before 
midnight the vessel reaches a point ofif 



25() 



\\()k( KSTKK IN THE SI'ANIRTI WAN 



5antiayii harhnr ami lu-r juuriK'y i> 
done. 

Fridav is Jiil\- 1st anil a ^reat (la\' fnr 
Ciilia. Durini;' the jirecedini;- nij4;ht 
search-lights have ])la\e(l iipim the new- 
ly arriwd and the\' ha\e been duly aii- 
s\\ere(l. The Newark was the first ves- 
sel spoken, and from her a knowledge of 
the Santiago situation was obtained. So 
well lighted is the entrance to the har- 
biir. where (/ervera and his fleet are 
"bdttled 11])." that the men on board the 
Harvard ha\e a g(uid view of the Murri. 
and the siniken Merrimae, about which 
ever\- one had read so much. A close 
watch is ke])t U])on the harbor entrance 
and if the Spanish rat does undertake 
an exit he will find his hole well guard- 
ed. .\ speedy landing is expected and 
desired. Uall cartridges are distributed 
to the men and their ginis are tliorouoh- 



ly inspected, with the idea of innnediate 
action on getting ashore. The execu- 
tive officer of the New \'ork, which is 
Admiral Sampson's fiag-ship, through 
his megaphone, directs the Harvard to 
kee|) well a-starboard, to land the troops 
first and to keep out of range of the 
.Morro"s lotteries, to all of wdiich the 
Harvard's officer responds, ".\ye. a\e, 
sir." The soldiers enthusiastically cheer 
ever\thing in sight and are ready for any 
eniergenc\-. every one having endiu-ed 
the voyage well and the sick list is nil. 
Sibonev is the place of deliarking and 
at 5.30 all are ofl"'. the Harvard <lischarg- 
ing iter burden alioul half a mile from 
shore bv means of her smaller boats. 
There are many vessels in the vicinity, 
.-imong them the hospital ship State of 
Texas, flying the Ixcd Cross flag, and 
the bovs krrp anxious c\ es out for a 




,if tin- .Xinth's I') 



EMMET GUARDS, COMPANY G. 



257 






Mai'Rice a. Ke 



sight of the W'nrcestcr nursu saiil to he 
aboard of her, 1)ut their watchfuhiess i> 
not rewarded. It is a busy. nois\- worhl 
into which the men are usliered. fur 
there is the sound of bombardment and 
the whistles of steamers of all sorts, 
joined to the nearer confusion of land- 
ing. The twenty or more huts consti- 
tuting the settlement of Siboney are. not 
very impressive, but the pressure of 
feet upon a foreign shore gives every 
man a sensation never experienced be- 
fore. Immediately they note the lux- 
uriance of vegetation and the quantity 
of inviting fruit, against whose use, 
however, thcv have been warned by the 
surgeons. 

Four hours after landing, while many 
were enjoying bathing in the surf, the 
Ninth was ordered forward, and it took 
substantially the same trail followed by 
the Rough Riders and others in the af- 
fair at Las Guasimas. The "front." 
always a movable locality, was said to 
be twelve miles away and over a route 
trodden by the Worcester boys of the 
Second several days before : the Ninth 
having laid off all surplus burdens takes 
its first march in Cuba. .Ml this day 
on the extreme American right has been 
raging the fight at El Caney, but the 
news comes slowly here. At the left, 
towards which the Ninth is marching, 
the Rough Riders and others are giving 
a nam.e to El Poso in connection with 
the famed fight of San Juan. .Ml along 
the route wounded men are met making 
their way back to the hospital accom- 
modations of the coast. It is hardly fair 
.to call the paths followed in Cuba roads. 



b^ven the Western idea of a trail is much 
better than the tracks pursued in Cuban 
marches, 'i'lie mud is dee]), hills steep 
and the vegetaiiim rank. There are 
halts to permit the passage of mule 
trains laden with annnunition and pro- 
visions for those already in the fray, and 
there is waiting while regiments of regu- 
lars change their ])ositions. At the same 
time the new men are greeted heartily 
by those ahead of them in experience, 
who cheer the new comers. Some- 
where in this effort to reach the scene 
of conflict the 1st of July gave place to 
the 2(1, but there was no perceptible 
change in what was required of the men. 
r>efore the regiment moved it was given 
out that Colonel Bogan had been sent 
to the hosjiital, a victim of fever, though 
he was a sick man when he left Massa- 
chusetts. .-Ks they made their way for- 
ward, news gradually filtered into the 
lines that the Second had met the enemy 
at El Caney, and the jiraises of the Mas- 
sachusetts boys were sung by the regu- 
lars, though the black, smoky powder 
used by them had compelled their early 
withdrawal from the fi,ght, a condition 
that seems to be not altogether reas- 
suring to the Ninth, wJiose guns and am- 
munition were of the same archaic cliar- 
acter. They were glad, however, to 
know that their Worcester friends had 
given a good account of themselves. 
A\'hile not wounded in the din of battle, 
blood is drawn when Sergeant M. J. 
McCartin. in cleaning his gun. explodes 
a shell and thereby loses the first finger 
of his right hand, while John E. Casey, 
the Company wagoner, being hit in the 



258 



WdKCKSTKR IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



ear by a spent ball, is the only "Enimet" 
to sense Spanish lead. When near the 
place where the Rough Riders received 
their punishment, the whiz of Mauser 
bullets drew from our men a return vol- 
ley. Whatever the result as to life or 
death, it had the effect of ending the 
Spanish music. It is 5 a.m. when the 
men are roused from a brief rest by all 
the din and confusion of battle. It is 
a pretty rough intrdductiim to yiuiiig 
men who hithertu have "iily read "f 
what war is like. 

At 7 o'clock a.m. the Xinth start; 
again, and in the afternoon reaches a 
point where the Springfield rifle and 
smoky powder develop the fact that the 
regiment is better in reserve than in ac- 
tion. It is no part of this story to crit- 
icise the authorities which sent tlie 
Massachusetts men forward with such 
inadequate e(|uipment, but it does seem 
strange that a nation so advanced as 
the American should be so far behind 
the Spaniards in the essential feature n[ 
firearms. 

Just before reaching San Juan Hill 
the road forked, and the .Xinth bi irc to 
the left. In dning so, skirted the base 
wf the liill and halted, .\fter a dinner 
of hardtack and water the regiment, late 
in the afternoon, was ranged on the ex- 
treme left of the line, so placed as to 




Spanish Trench, San Juan H il 



really face the sea, but in position to 
prevent a flank movement, which was 
considered probable. Un the right was 
the 20th Regulars, ready to deliver a 
cross fire should the enemy advance. 
The "Enmiets" found themselves in a 
natural ravine or gully. The men, weary 
from their long march, went to sleep 
quickly. At 9.30 the Spaniards began 
firing and several volleys were given in 
reply, there being no trouble about 
black powtler in the night. The firing 
episode was fast and furious for a time. 
To the inexperienced ears of some of 
the "Emmets" the noise seemed unnec- 
essarilv loud. All sorts of remarks were 
current and the laugh was loud over the 
vocalized reflections of Private V.. who 
remarked that if "them Spaniards didn't 
look out they would hit somelxxly yet," 
and "If God has any respect fnr the Irish 
1 hope He's prating for us imw." An- 
other lad, referring to his la<l\- Inve. in 
anxious voice says, "1 wmider what my 
clav pigeon is doing now."" Again the 
men sleep, but before this there had 
come a command for two companies to 
report to Colonel E. P. Pearson, com- 
mander <if the brigade. ( >ur Worces- 
ter men, "(i," and the Clinton company, 
"K," were (.lesignated, but it was not 
so easy to locate the Colonel's posi- 
tion, hence Private Steele of the "Em- 
mets" and Smith of the Clintons were 
sent out to find the w-ay. On reporting to 
llir counii.Tnder hv ordered them to re- 
main wIktc they were for the present, 
since the firing was then on along the 
entire line. When the messengers re- 
turned at T.30 a.m. of the 3d, they found 
the men asleep, but they were speed- 
ilv roused, and at 2 o'clock, having 
filled their canteens from the yellow 
waters of the San Juan River, under the 
guiikmce of Steele and Sinitli, pushing 
and dragging themselves through 
-wamps and underbrush, the compa- 
nies reported to Lieutenant-colonel E, 
R. Kellogg of the loth U. S. Infantry 
at 3.15 in the morning. He said that 
his men were exhausted and ought to be 
relieved, but the fact of black powder 
prevented his sending the men of the 



KMMET GUARDS, COMPANY G. 



25i) 




Xiiith to their immediate relief. How- 
ever, they couhl dig traverse trenches to 
the firing line, where the men of 
the lOth were on duty. This was 
done under tlie direction of Lieu- 
tenant Eli Helmic. of the regulars, 
he warning the men to work lively, 
since the enemy would fire at daybreak. 
The distance to the Spanish lines is 165 
yards and the position is an exposed 
one, subject to a cross fire by the enemy. 
a long-, low hill on which Captain John 
Drum of the loth Infantry was killed. 
The Spaniards do open fire at daybreak, 
as expected, and digging ceases, but the 
men of the Ninth take their positions 
under a heavy fire, retaining them till 
the flag of truce went up on the 3d. For 
their coolness under fire they were com- 
plimented by Lieutenant-colonel Kel- 
logg, and the men of the loth were 
very generous in sharing their rations, 
since the relieving comrades had been 
almost rationless and sleepless since the 
1st. When Lieutenant Helmic learned 
of the condition in this respect, he and 
Lieutenant Hurley of the "Emmets" 
went for rations and secured coffee, 
sugar and hardtack for the hungry men. 
After sundown of the 4th. with tlie flat- 
tering remark by Lieutenant-colonel 
Kellogg that they were a credit to 
Massachusetts, the detached companies 
returned to the regiment. 

The "Emmets" are now a ])art of the 
3d Brigade, 3d Division, of the sth 



Army Corps. Colonel E. P. Pear- 
son commands the brigade, General [. 
F. Rent the division. The men are 
not slow to note the advantage cif the 
Krag-jorgensen ritle, and no weapon 
of that kind left around loose is long 
without a finder. Rain storms, such as 
Americans never saw at home, are a daily 
occurrence, and when they come the 
men are learning that they mav be taken 
as one of nature's shower baths. The 
boys of the Xinth were astonished on 
this d;iy when, for the first time, they 
saw a whole regiment of regulars strip 
off their clothing and take a most invig- 
orating bath in stahi uatnrir, with all 
out-of-doors as a bath house : then giv- 
ing their clothing a scrub thev resumed 
it and it was (|uickly dried by the return- 
ing sun. ( )thers could and did catch 
in their rubber I)lankets rain water, with 
which they filled their canteens. 

On the 4th. Musician P. F. Sullivan 
goes on a visit to the 2d Massachusetts, 
and hardly recognizes his old friends 
there, since they, during the interval fol- 
lowing Camp Dewey, have practically 
given up using the razor, and through a 
full beard he has to look closely to find 
his A\'orcester acquaintances. There he 
first heard of the death of Lieutenant E. 
X. P>enchley of \\'orcester, and later he 
visited the 6th Regulars and conversed 
with fellow ofificers and men who had 
known Benchley so well. At this very 
time Worcester was hoping against 



260 



WORCESTER IX THE SrANTSH WAR. 




hope that subscciiKMit rcjinrts wduld ren- 
der back the young man whc:ise future 
had promised so much. Also he found 
the 1 2th Regulars and a large repre- 
sentation of Worcester friends who had 
enlisted under Lieutenant Anglum. 

While "G" Company was away from 
the regiment, the same had a visit from 
Lieutenant Crowley of the 20th United 
States, a West Point classmate of Bench- 
ley, who expressed great regret at not 
seeing Benchley's fellow Worcester 
men. He was entertained by Captain 
Dunn of Company L Later Captain 
Moynihan, with Lieutenants Hurley 
and McCann, went over to the 20th 
and were told in detail the sad stijry of 
the young hero's death. 

Late in the evening of the 4th. certain 
Company "'"■" men were mixed up in an 
afTair on the Harvard, which, fur several 



iiss,ailor<i.iysl. M. J. .McCartin. 

davs, had been the habitation of the 
regiment. When the disembarking 
came, five men from each company were 
left to assist in unloading the vessel, and 
in its general care ; this to relieve the ma- 
rines, who were hardly equal to the task. 
The "Emmets" thus left behind were 
Sergeant P. J. Moynihan. Corporal J. F. 
Horan. Privates T- T. Creaven, Edward 
Sullivan and P. J. " Prendiville. For 
safe keeping, a large number of prison- 
ers, captured by the fleet on the 3d, had 
been placed aboard the vessel. During 
the night these men. either to relieve 
their crowded condition or to seize the 
arms of the guard, which were stacked 
upon the deck, roused the apprehension 
of those on duty. The sergeant of the 
guard was Moynihan of the "Emmets," 
and, on the failure of the Spaniards to 
heed the commands of the guard (most 



EM.Micr cfARDS, (()\ll■\^■^■ 



2(il 




likely none 
were fired 



if them unclersldiid), thev 
11)1111 and a lar-je numlier 



dropped in their ]ilaees 



dead 



risfht 



.the 



Tlieir blond Howcd freely niion the dec!: 
and their comprehension of orders, eve i 
though given in an unknown tongue, 
seemed to grew amazingly. 

During the ne.xt three da\s there is 
no firing and the men have a elianee to 
compare Cuban eliniaie with that of 
their homes, ami few m' them would 
care to make the Island, wi mderfull}- 
fertile though it be, tlieir permanem 
abode. The health of the men continues 
good and the rations tolerable, though 
some begin to find fat bacon rather too 
constant in its daily appearance. ( )ii 
the 8th, Musician Sullivan sends to the 
Worcester Gazette a letter, in which he 
ingeiiiinisly depicts the assault on San 
Juan Hill b\ picturing Worcester's 
Xewton Hill as the scene, capjiing it 




with a blockhouse, stationing two thou- 
sand .Spaniards, determined to hold it, 
and clothing the hillside with trees, 
whose toji^ c'lnceal sharpshooters, and 
dense undergrowth, threaded with in- 
terminable lines of barbed wire, up 
against all of which the .Americans, on 
the 1st day of July, were hurled. That 
they should gain the top wa-; the won- 
der of i-very one. 

It was ill this period Ilia; a .Spanish 
sharpshooter, found in a tree, where he 
had been for several days, not daring to 
come down, was brought in so nearly 
famished tli.ii when carried before 
Lieuteii;iiit-cnl(inel Logan, he actually 
snatched from the latter's hand a 
cracker wlii.di he was eating. When 
the guar<l would i)unish the ca;)tive for 
his incivility, the good-natured officer 
said, "Xo. no! Tf he is as hungry as 
that, let him go." Thougli General 
Bates had declared that Spaniards thus 
found should not be brought before 
him, in this case the luan was sent to 
the rear as a prisoner. It was held that 
sharpshooters in trees within tlie 
.Vmerican lines were not within 
the pale of civilize<l warfare. With this 
idea in mind, men of the 24th and 25th 
U. S. regiments went gunning for them, 
calling the diversion "coon hunting." 

At this time the Ninth is on the ex- 
treme left of the line encircling Santi- 
ago. The other reginnnts near are the 
3d, 20th, 2d and loth Regulars, who are 
entrenched within 500 yards of the city 
itself. The novices in the art of war 
arc not slow to improve their opporlu- 



262 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAI 







"IffT 




llitv to k-ai'ii from i1k' old soldiers, 
whose ex])erieiicu covers iiirmy years of 
Indian flighting. There is little in the 
range of American military life that 
thev have not sampled, and they are the 
kindest of teacliers to these beginners. 
Tobacco is becoming a scarce article, 
and devotees of the weed are put to 
their wits" ends to secure their fav(jrite 
stimulant, offering faluilous sums for 



small (|uantities of it. One man is said 
to have paid aliovc $25 fpr a single 
pound of smoking tobacco, and an offi- 
cer, on the 2d, was reported oiifering his 
gold watch for just one chew. \\Viting 
material, too, is entirely out, and tomato 
can labels are at a premium, for on them 
the bovs can write their letters, and, 
when tied with a string, in lieu of en- 
velope, they are sent homeward. 



EMMKT GUARDS, COMPAXV G. 



263 



The week's cessation of firinsa;- is im- 
proved to make stronger the positions 
of the American forces, and the "Em- 
mets" learn how efficient pick and 
shovel may be in securing protection 
from the enemy's missiles. It would be 
absurd to imply that they altogether en- 
joyed the enforced inactivity, but the 
week went to swell the aggregate of 
their war experience. Their fellow regi- 
ment.s in General Bates' brigade are 
the 3d and 20th Regulars, and their loca- 
tion is in the ravine between two hills 
overlooking the beleaguered city. ( hi 
Sunday, the loth, they were told that at 
4 p.m., unless ordered to the contrary, 
the}' were to be in the trenches, and 
once again "the fires of hell were to 
rain on the Spanish (juarters." Ever}' 
man was at his post at the appointed 
time, but the signal from General Law- 
ton's gun did not come till 4.45 ; the de- 
lay arising from the coming of one of 
those terrible thunder-storms which del- 
uge everything, and so heavy was the 
thunder, no signal gun could have been 
heard. Every man was as thoroughly 
drenched as if he had been dipped in the 
sea. It was when there came a cessa- 
tion of heaven's artillery that that of 
man began. For two hours there was a 
constant rain of bullets from the men in 
line, while from the hillside cannon 
hurled shot and shell within the Spanish 
intrenchments, effectually silencing such 
artillery as the enemy possessed. When 
darkness settled down (and it comes 
without twilight in the tropics), the fir- 
ing ceased for the night, to be resumed 
in the morning of the nth, though as 
orders had been given to waste no shots, 
and hostile heads were scarce, the shoot- 
ing was not so vigorous as on the pre- 
ceding day. The cannon, however, bel- 
lowed away at the city, for apparently 
there was nothing else for them to aim 
at. At 4 p.m. firing of all kinds ceases, 
and the men conclude that the game is 
won. 

In the days of noise and confusion, 
the Company's pride, "Couchee," hav- 
ing no use for gunpowder, retired to the 



coniparati\'e (|uiet of Siboney, waiting 
for more (peaceful times. 

The 14th of July is a red-letter day in 
Cuban-.'Vmerican annals, for then came 
the announcement that Santiago had 
yielded, and that there would be no more 
fighting for her possession. However 
delightful the tidings were to the men, 
they were not to exult, as would be nat- 
ural, lest the refrain thereof might be a 
change of mind on the part of the crafty 
.'■Spaniard. Trul\', there were some queer 
things in the management of the Span- 
ish war. \\ hen Lee was pressed to his 
surrender al .\p])oniattox, the Union 
soldiers were rec] nested not to cheer on 
account of the heroic defense made by 
the Confederates, and Captain Phillips 
told the men of the Te.xas not to hurrah, 

for, "Don't you see the poor d s are 

dving :" butthere wasnothingof thesort 
at Santiago. The Spaniards were not 
dying, neither had their defense been 
particularly notable, but the hot weather 
had evidently its efTect on the weighty 
figure of the commander and he did not 
wish an}' resumption of hostilities nor 
any excuse for such. Up to this time, 
though the Xinth had been without 
tents of any kind, the health of the men 
has been remarkably good. Of the "Em- 
mets," four only are reported ailing 
viz.. Sergeant McCartin, gunshot wound 
in the hand: Privates James Mc'Irath 




264 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




T. J. Kelleher. L. A. d' 

K. C. I.E.iNAHn. J. E. F 

and Ii)hn I.arkiii. ihj inrnui" dnwii witli 
malarial fuver, tliu latter iiijurcil mi tlic 
niglit march from Siboney, all three lieiiii;- 
now in hospital at Key West. Private 
(ieort^c W. Urijsnan u-as taken sick at 
Newport Xews, hetdre the sai.ing of th^ 
Harvard. Init he managed to stave off a 
comjilete collapse till the middle of the 
month, when at last he yields to what 
the snrgenn | in uk unices a H.glit c:ise <if 
measles. l'ri\-ate Jnhn C'ase\-. who got 
the clip on llie head nn hi"^ w;iy np ti> 
San Jnan. has recAered and came hack 
for duty on the 13th ; on tlie 14th come.^ 
a discharge for him, and Captain Aloyni- 
han hands it to the soldier, all this the 
result of the efforts if W'nrcester 
friends wlin think Private Casey better 
eni])loyed at hcime, caring for his six 
children, than in sto[)ping possible Spa"- 



j. F, t.. 



ish balls in the Cuban field. His dis- 
charge pajjcrs are dated at Washington. 
July 1st. 

it was on the 14th that certain duties 
were assigned to "(i" Comjiany. in the 
guarding of the colors. To Private S. 
was given the special care of the pre- 
cious enil)leni. 1 )uring the night Lieu- 
tenant Al. was astonished to find his 
guardsman in a state of high excitement, 
dashing about his beat, evidently tr\ing 
to find snme hated object. "What's the 
matter with you ?" is the officer's query. 
"I'm trying to find the villain that's hiss- 
ing me : don't you hear him ? Let me 
set eyes on him and Pll break his nose," 
etc. It appears that a cfrtain Cuban 
night bird utters a cry not unlike the 
hiss of a goose. As S, was not up on 
his bird-lore, his confusion was not 



f.mmi-;t guards, comi'anv g. 



2(>r) 




D. Gardner. F. E. Jovck. ¥.V. Doyle. J. J 

Strange, but it took his Lieutenant some 
time to convince liim tliat no disrespect 
was intended. 

"After the ball is over." has boon sung- 
by many a light-hearted jjleasure 
lover, and the thought is in many an 
"Emmet"mind.even though it may not 
find vocal expression. This is the situ- 
ation : rain every day and no tents; to 
put it most mildly, only indifferent fare ; 
no writing material, nothing to do. at 
least nothing that the men think worth 
doing. If, under such circumstances, 
the innate disposition to kick did not 
develop itself, it would be a wonder. The 
men do not wax fat. the scriptural ac- 
companiment of kicking, for obvious 
reasons, vet all things considered, thev 
do maintain a remarkable condition cf 
health. Not a man in the entire regi- 
ment as yet has died, except Private 
Doherty, killed in Westboro, on the de- 
parture of the Ninth from Camp Dewey. 
.\ssistant Surgeon Shea is doing excel- 
lent serA-ice in the hospital at Siboney. 
and the whole work for the regiment de- 
volves upon Surgeon Magurn. He also 
has to look after the other regiments in 
the brigade, since their medical men are 
all at Siboney. Inquiries have been 
sent around to all the companies asking 
for men who have had any sort of med- 
ical experience. In this way drug clerks 
and embryonic doctors are at a pre- 
mium. On the i6th came the tents, 
hitherto held at the landing place in 
Siboney, and visions of some degree of 
comfort are had by the drenched and 
sun-burned men. The 17th of lulv Ins 



bright memories in the minds of all sur- 
vivors of the Cuban campaign, for then 
came the formal, irrevocable surrender 
of Santiago, and thereby the end of 
Spanish rule in America. 

.All the details had been carefully ar- 
ranged, and were carried out with true 
mililarv preci-inn. .Ml cif the troops as- 
femhled nn the outer Ijreastworks at 
10.30 a.m. Only the higher ofificers 
could have an immediate part in the his- 
toric scene : ordinary mortals, like the 
war-horse, must snuff the battle from 
afar. .At 1 1 .45, the boom of cannon told 
the soldiers that the auspicious moment 
had come, and that misrule, extending 
over more than four hundred years, was 
passing. Fortunately for the pent-up en- 
thusias'm of the .Americans, all barriers 
against cheering are broken down, and 
men can yell till they r.re hoarse, and this 
they proceed to do; while hats go so 
high into the air that they get almost 
beyond the reach of gravity. There is 
the national salute of twenty-one guns, 
and at noon jjrecisely, the Star-spangled 
Banner rises over the government build- 
ing of the captured city to the bugle ac- 
companiment along the lines of. "To 
the colors." If the situation had only 
permitted the immediate departure of 
the volunteer soldiers for their far-away 
homes, what a difference there might 
have been in the mortality record of the 
regiment. The real troubles were only 
beginning. Tlrere is a deal of talk as to 
what will be done, and quite as much 
concerning what ought to be done, but, 
meanwhile, there is the unpleasant real- 



ity of still being in the nuidily intrcncli- 
ments about the surrendered city. 

Whether it was in honor of the capitu- 
lation Mr not. the cuok of the "Emmets" 
tlirl himself proud at the evening's meal 
of the i/tli. In some way Chef John 
Creaven had become the possessor of a 
wash-boiler, of whose existence, up to 
this luoment. in the entire Island no one 
had dreamed, and in some fashion, 
known onl}- to him, he had manag"e<l to 
brew a beef stew : jierhaps .under the cir- 
cumstances it would be proper to call it 
ail "Irish stew," though lacking some c.)f 
the ingredients considered essential to 
the proper production of that national 
dish. Whatever its constituents and 
whatever the omissions, it touched the 
palates of the partakers to that degree 
that they wanted nothing else, and after 
supper they were ready for song, always 
the recourse of the welf-fed soldier. The 
"Emmets'' have singers galore, and Ser- 



geants Moynihan and La\in, with Pri- 
vate O'Keefe, Musician Skerrett and 
others, make Cuban air resoun<l with 
notes ne'er heard before on Cuban soil. 
Why should they not spend the hours in 
singing? The work for which they came 
had been accomplished and did they not, 
in fancy, see the joyous home returning 
and the welcomes to be had in Worces- 
ter bright ? \\'hat a lilessing that heaven 
does from all creatures hide the ])ook of 
fate! All the woes of the pres- 
ent tlisap|)ear when the stomach is 
full and youthful vigor and valor 
carry their possessors bevond im- 
mediate surroundings, and, b\- very 
contrast, the soldiers grow mellow in 
thinking of the pleasures sure to come 
in the sweet by and by. Later times have 
revealed the fact that the boiler was one 
of the accjuisitions made by Lieutenant 
AlcCann, who discovered it on the dock 
in Santiago resting on two coffins. For 



EMMET CUAHUS. COMl'AXV G. 



267 



iijfii 


-jkM^ 




^f « ^ ^ *r met ' "^ 



Joii 



li. I. Martin. 



E. E. Hackett. 



the latter he had no use, but he could 
see boundless utility in the boiler. Ac- 
cordingly, by a process of appropriation, 
readily excused because of his com- 
pany's great need, he fastened to it, and 
the incident just given was one of the 
happy results of his thoughtfulness. 

On the i8th, the "Emmets" moved 
awa}- from their former station, stopping 
finally nearer the centre of the lines, 
making their camp near the headquar- 
ters of General "Joe" Wheeler. The 
regimental neighbors are the ist Dis- 
trict of Columbia and the ist Illinois 
\'olunteers, and the site is about one 
mile from the old locality. The depriva- 
tions suffered in the recent camp are 
now bearing expected fruit. Alternate 
drenching and parboiling, with insuffi- 
cient nourishment, along with the want 
of proper medical attention, are making 
many men respond to the sick call who 
otherwise would be up and doing. The 
camp complaints, known to old cam- 
paigners, viz., dysentery and fever, make 
their appearance, and misery is the rule. 
The shelter tents given out after the 
surrender are not a protection in se- 
vere rain, and even the ponchos leak. 
Patients who show marks of improve- 
ment are going aboard the transports 
for a homeward trip. with the hope that 
an ocean voyage may completely restore 
them. Lieutenant-colonel Logan of the 
Ninth, having succumbed to illness, 
started for the North on the 24th. The 
first death in the Company is recorded 
on the 23d. Private Henry Sullivan, hav- 
ing been out of sorts for a few days, had 



been sent to the hospital for better 
treatment, but the lack of physicians 
rendered that almost impossible. Nei- 
ther he nor his comrades appreciated 
the imminence of his danger, for misled 
by apparent imjjrovement, assisted by 
two companions, at 2.30 p.m, Saturday 
he undertook to walk a little ways. On 
their route lliey encountered another 
poor fellow unaccompanied, who could 
scarcely drag his body along. On see- 
ing him, Sullivan called out, and they 
were said to be his last words, "That's 
right, boy ; hold right up and keep on 
your feet. That's the only way to get 
well," Five minutes later, or at 3 o'clock, 
he toppled over into his comrades' arms 
and was dead. Tlu- doctors called it 
"heart failure." It seemed strange, for, 
really, the last thing to fail was the sol- 
dier's heart. 

Between death and burial, only a brief 
period intervenes in the tropics. At 5 
p.m., clad in his full dress uniform, laid 
upon a stretcher and l)orne by his com- 
rades, Joyce, Leonard, Martin, Grady, 
Gilmore and Edward Sullivan, his body 
is carried to its resting place, where it 
is to sleep till his country disinters it 
for removal to his home city. All of the 
officers and men of the "Emmets" who 
are in camp, march beside the bier, and 
listen to the words of Chaplain Murphy 
as he pronounces the solemn words of 
the church over the grave. Then fol- 
low three volleys from the men of the 
Company, and "taps," sounded by ]\Iusi- 
cian Skerrett, eloquently breathe a sad 
farewell to the fallen comrade. This was 



268 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




)!•' Ill ilisi iN'S l-:\i li.\\( 



■KI-;i.lM INAkV TREATY. 



tlie only military fuiK-ral nl)>cr\c(l in 
Cuba, the ctTcct liy way nf niclancliiil\ 
l)ciiiij ton nuich fur tlic rank and tile. 
Major Gradv marclu-d wiiii his men in 
honor of Sulli\an, and two da\ s later he 
was laid beside the private. 

Time drags slowly along in their 
Cuban canijis and the average mind can 
find no good reason why the "recall" 
is not sounded in Washington. To be 
sure, there is an occasional \isit td the 
city of Santiago. an<l the traveler com- 
pares the ."Spanish |)lace with those he 
has known at home, and every day 
thanks his stars he was not born a S])an- 
i.anl; ])ut e\en this palls after awhile. 
It is too hot for drilling, and the men 
are not well enough for the exercise 
even if the weather permitted. Reading- 
matter is scarce and letters from home 
conie infrequently, and when they do 
there is no writing material for replies. 
Still, thoiiLvh the march ofTime is slow, 



he finally reaches .\iignst. an<l home is 
nearer than it was. The last month of 
the Cuban stay finds the men encamped 
on the ver\- hill U]) which the heroes of 
July 1st and Jd charged to victory and 
inmiortality. The situation is a great 
inipro\ement oxer the low-lying loca- 
tion of the 2d Massachusetts, wdiere 
other Worcester boys are dying all too 
rai)'dl\'. The former rulers call the 
height "Tableau Hill." but to the .\mer- 
icans it is "Bloody Hill." a fitting ap- 
|)ellation for the scene of so much 
bravery and loss of life. While only one 
of the "Mmmets" has died, the mortal- 
ity in the regiment, particularly among 
the field officers, is great. Colonel PiOgan 
and the l.ieutenant-colonel have gone 
home ill, while Majors Grady and 
( )'Comior have both crossed over, and 
the command rests on .Major Donovan. 
Adventm-es are not numerous, but oc- 
casionally there is a happening worthy 



EMMET GUARDS, CO^tPA^•V 



269 



^ 


^f« 


ii 


P 


i 




n 


' ^^1 


" " WT^-'i 




« 


H 


P 


Hp^ 


W^} 






■■ 


%^ 


■ 






HMH 


tH 


^H 


^hI 


■ 



D. J. n 



\. ]. 



of mention. "Prince" P. and friends 
had been down to Siboney and there 
had secured a cofTee-grinder, deeming 
the same a handy item for camp use. Re- 
turning, they encountered a party of 
Cubans, who had in their possession a 
very fine parrot. The "Prince" wanted 
the bird badly, but the natives wouUl not 
agree as to terms, but they were quick- 
ly brought to time by the quick-witted 
soldier, who. bringing his cofTee mill to 
his face, began to turn the crank. The 
sound was so suggestive of a (latling 
gun that the Cubans surrendered at 
once and passed over the parrot witli<iut 
further parley. Afterwards, in token 
of his appreciation of his services to the 
Company, it was presented to Dr. T. J. 
Foley of Worcester. 

Saturday, the 6th of August, the 3d 
and 6th Regulars went aboard the 
transport, and the vt)lunteers, beholding, 
took heart, feeling that their own em- 
barking could not be so very far away. 
One of the Company on this day takes 
a trip to Santiago, and en route calls on 
his acquaintances in the 2d Regiment. 
He finds Colonel Clark and Lieuten- 
ant-colonel Shumway asleep in their 
tents and forbears awaking them, but 
with Captain Barrett of the City Guards 
he exchanges words of greeting, think- 



ing the latter quite comfortable as he 
occupies his hammock beneath his tent, 
sure to stay there while it rained. Major 
Fairbanks also is alert as usual, though 
somewhat worn and wasted, but tanned 
to a turn and evidently seeing all that 
is visible in the campaign. In Santiago 
he finds the saloons not so well pat- 
ronized as they might be had the pay- 
master been around recently. Milwau- 
kee beer at forty cents a bottle, fifty 
with ice, is quite beyond the resources 
of his purse, hence he contents himself 
with four glasses of alleged lemonade, 
though just where the lemon is the 
drinker failed to discover. lie drank 
for the ice. and considered it cheap at 
ten cents a glass. It took five to quench 
the thirst of his comrade. The U. S. 
Post Office he found the busiest place 
in the city, and, volunteers having been 
called for, he is pleased to find here, hard 
at work, P. J. OTveefc of the "Emmets,"' 
who had left the Worcester office 
when hi.s country called, and is espe- 
cially efficient in sorting out the mail 
that is to go to the men of his own Com- 
pany. 

Till the regiment leaves the Island the 
record is little else than one of illness 
and subse<|uent weakness, the few who 
are at all equal to duty finding a double 
portion, owing to the enfeebled condi- 



270 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 





tiiin of the otliers. As mie niciiilier <.if 
the "Emmets" writes, "The fever attacks 
a person with pains in the head and 
back, and generally lasts from live to 
twelve days, during which time a man 
goes through a series of chills and 
fever which leaves him so* weak that he 
is unable to walk about for at least two 
weeks." 'I'lie inade(|uate ho>pital ac- 
commodations render the mortality very 
great, and even if the patient recovers 
he is subjected to so much dis- 
comfort afterwards that his suf- 
ferings are immeasuraM\' increased. 
.\ugnst I2th, the hospital ship 
r.reakwater ap]>eared off the Island, 
and one of lier ])as-engers, ITalleck 
I'.artlett, u[ W'drcester, who has a son in 
the l.iiiht Infantry. gladdens the hearts 
of the men by presenting himself in 
camp, lie is in charge of the volunteer 
relief fund, contributed by Worcester 
people, and delicacies and necessities are 
expected from him. On this day, too, 
comes a set of underwear for each mem- 



l)er of the l'omi)any, a boon of the 
choicest character. 

Right here it should be stated that 
whatever the citizens of Worcester in- 
tended to do for the "Emmets," the fore- 
going gifts of underwear and a huge 
box of cigarettes and tobacco, with a 
certain amount in cash, were all the boys 
received. What the gifts were and 
where they went, to this day no man 
knows, or if he does know he is a mas- 
ter of silence. There have been all sorts 
of conjectures, but they have solved 
nothing. They never doubted the good 
intentions of Worcester nor the integ- 
ritv of the city's representatives, but 
llie\- had to recognize a failure to con- 
nect. However, "heaven helps them 
whii help ihemselves." In this case, it 
was that sleepless, tireless Lieutenant 
McCann who discovered heaps and 
heaps of good things down near the 
Santiago docks. On assuring the keeper 
that many of those things belonged to 
his Company, he was told to go through 



EMMET CTARDS, COM TAN V 



.'71 



the same and pick out whatever was his. 
So keen was his eye and so long his arm 
that it took a six-mule team to carry the 
result to camp. The contents of that 
covered wagon actually stuck out above 
the hoops — malted milk, canned goods, 
food and supplies of all sorts — till the 
boysproclaimed their Lieutenant a gen- 
uine successor of Sherman's lUunmers. 
and if they had Inst at tlic W'orcestir 
spigot they had surely gained at the 
providential bunghole. tlow lucky it i^ 
that "all's fair in war." 

Sunday, the 14th, Chaplain Murphy 
at mass made feeling reference to the 
death of Colonel Bogan, whose decease, 
announced in a cable message from Co :- 
gressman Fitzgerald, is keenly felt by 
all his men, with whom he was a great 
favorite. Worcester boys are learning 
the difference between the Cuban and 
the Spaniard. For the Cuban he has 
no use whatever, considering him lazy, 
and always so, unwillingto work as long 
as a crust even can be begged ; while in 
the Spaniard he detects some ronuiants 
of that high-bred courtesy which gave a 
reputation to the natives of Casti'e. 
Those who visit Santiago note the en- 
terprise of American beer manufactur- 
ers, who are well nigh onmipresent and 
are exceedingly anxious to push the sale 
of their wares. Some of the soldiers 
imbibe to excess, but this can hardly 
apply to the men of the Ninth, since the 
long absence of the payinaster has re- 
duced nearly every man to a "dead- 
broke" condition. There are certain 
clubs where officers can get .\nierican 
dishes, and certain Massachusetts men 
remark that, if they had the money, they 
would certainly borrow an officer's coat 
long enough to buy and eat a dish of 
baked beans. 

The fact that the Harvard and Yale 
were Iving off the harbor of Santiago 
inspired the Ninth Regiment with the 
hope that it might take the homeward 
trip in one of them, but the men had the 
mortification of seeing regiments which 
had arri\-ed later and had seen very lit- 
tle hardship, go aboard these finely a])- 
pointed vessels, while they were detained 
for what proved to be a floating horror. 



Private and Postman O'Keefe, who had 
been away from his Company for some 
days in the Post Office of Santiago, re- 
ceived, in common witii his comrades, 
a notification that the regiment was 
about to embark for the States. Not 
caring to take any unnecessary steps, lie 
met his Company in the city rather than 
return to camp. The latter had been 
broken on tiie j:,i]. and weak, weary 
and halting the men had reached the 
wharf in that far-famed place. Let his 
own words tell what he saw after a sep- 
aration of three weeks: "The meeting 
of the Comi)any and myself at the wharf 
] shall never forget. Such emaciated 
si)ecimens of men I had never met. I 
realized in a momeiu what havoc the 
dread disease had wrought in three 
weeks. Plalf the Company had not 
strength to rise, and many were 
so ill that they failed to recognize 
me. Those who could not walk had to 
be carried on board the lighter which 
conveyed the troops to the transport, 
which was anchored out in the i)ay. 
This transport was inadequate to prop- 
erl\- carry more than one-half the num- 
ber. Soldiers in the last stages cf dis- 
ease, those half well and those quite so 
were all huddled together." He further 
remarks that at least two hundred of 
these men were fit subjects for a hos- 




272 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




pitalshi|i,1iiit the ]!ay State was already 
crowded, sn perf(Jrce the iiivahds are 
taken alont;' with the others, and, worse 
still, companies that were not assigned 
to the Allegheny have sent some of their 
sick aboard, in the hope that a breath 
of sea air may help them to recover. 
The regiment broke camp at 8 a.m. of 
the 23d, and marched tlie three miles 
distance into Santiago, The sick and 
those getting l)etter were taken in 
springless mule wagons, which jolted 
them so badly that some essayed walk- 
ing. Those who rode all the way were 
worse off than those who walked. From 
8 of the morning till 5 p.m. there was 
a tedious wait till, by the smaller boat, 
the eight companies were conveyed to 
the Allegheny. All were glad to shake 
off the last trace of Cuban soil, confident 
that any change would be an improve- 
ment. 



J. J. Fitzgerald. 

-LICUDDY. 

M. J. Flvnn. 

The transport steams away from 
Cuba, Wednesday, the 24th, and our 
last Worcester Company bids good-by 
to the liberated Island, though it must 
be suspected that some of the loyal 
hearts are wondering if the price has not 
l)een a heavy one. Only two days later 
came the first burial at sea, but in the 
following hours the scene was frequently 
re])eate(l, Sunday no less than four 
found an ocean grave, and one of them 
was a Worcester boy. Edward Sulli- 
van had been one of the strong men of 
the Company and had not been sick 
while on the Island, but the very day of 
departure he began to complain of ill 
feelings, a circumstance so odd that 
some of his comrades jollied him, think- 
ing he must be shamming, so vigorous 
had he been ; but as the hours went by, 
his fever, said to be typhoid, grew 
worse till he became delirious, and Sun- 



KMMET GUARDS, COMTANV 



273 




day, the 2Sth, at 7.30 ]j.iii., his hanimock 
swinging near an open port hule, in tin- 
absence of a guard, he threw himself 
thence into the sea. By a singular fortune 
it was his own Lieutenant, McCann, who 
was standing in the vessel's stern and 
suddenly saw the form of a man rise 
from tlie waves and apparently turn his 
face towards the ship. His immediate 
cry of "man overboard" was answered 
at once by the lowerin,<;- of a boat, the 
stopping of the transport, and a diliij^cnt 
search, lasting fully half an hour, tailed 
to reveal any trace of the unfortunate 
soldier. Private Charles J. iVfcMann 
died on the 30th, and the next morning 
his body was consigned to the deep. 
Chaplain Murphy reading the prayers 
for the dead. and Bugler Skerrett sound- 
ing "taps." McMann had been ill for 
some time, but had been discharged 
from the hospital as recovered, though 
his recovery was fancied rather than 
real, and before his death he had entirely 
lost his reason. Early the next day, the 
31st, Private Michael Healy died. He 
had been sick for a fortnight before the 
sailing of the transport, had failed rap- 
idly after the start, and died of exhaus- 
tion incident to the campaign. Two 
other men from other companies had 
died during the same night, and that 
their burial might be in deep water, the 



Allegheny slcii)i)ed and went back some 
miles, and at '1.15 a.m. the four ijodies 
were given to the \\a\e.> with lull mili- 
tary honors, tiie Hag ll_\ing at half mast, 
and with the officers and men of the 
"Emmets" standing by. In all, fourteen 
men of the Ninth died on this tortuous 
trip to Montauk, and each body was of- 
fered as ,1 tribute to the ocean, there to 
repose till the seas give u]j their dead. 

Many reasons have been advanced 
' ir ilu- niMriality aboard the Allegheny : 
i.ick of hos])ital accommodations, tne 
enfeebled condition of the men, etc., 
but all agree as to the horribly unsani- 
tary state of the transport itself. Hav- 
ing recently carried cattle, no effort at 
cleansing had been made, only the divi- 
sions had l)een removed, and into such 
ftlthy space human beings like "dumb 
dri\en cattle" were herded. The won- 
der is that so many livt'd, not that four- 
teen died. 

The body of Captain IJunn of the 
loth U. S., killed before Santiago, was 
carried homeward in an imperfectly 
sealed casket. The stench therefrom was 
horrible. Only the Allwise knows iiow 
many living were sacrificed through this 
mistaken sentiment for the dead. 

It is Wednesday, the 3[st, and last 
day (.t .\ugu>t. iliat the .Allegheny 











"#:^#»! 


^^^y*T^ 


?«:- ■«»(«'' ■; i 



274 



WORCKSTF.R IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



reaches Montauk Point at g o'clock 
a.m. So far as the weather was con- 
cerned, the voyage liad been a smooth 
one, and a day's time had been saved in 
the passage, perhaps the only fact con- 
nected with the vessel for which the pas- 
sengers were thankful. The ci instant 
presence of death had a depressing influ- 
ence on the passengers and enthusiasm 
seemed to be a forgotten trait. Only 
when the shores of the continent ap- 
peared, as the vessel neared Hatteras, 
did the men seem to appreciate the fact 
that home was the locality sought. .-\t 



At 8.30 of the 31st, they were met by 
the government tug, with orders to pro- 
ceed up the Sound. Next came the 
health boat, the Louise Pulver, and at 
I/. 30 anchnr was cast and the health offi- 
cer came aboard. Then followed the 
lining up and the ins])ectii->n, which was 
very rigid. The verdict of the officer 
was that, with the possible exception of 
the 71st New York, the Ninth presented 
the worst condition of any returning 
regiment. Lieutenant AlcCann and Ser- 
geant William Casey are the only men 
in the Company who have not been sick, 




9 a.m., Tuesday, the 30th, the steamer 
Gloucester was spoken and the Alleghe- 
ny's company were attracted by the ap- 
pearance of well-dressed men and women 
who crowded the former's decks. When 
they learned that the transport was car- 
lying the major ]iart of the Ninth Mas- 
sachusetts Regiment, they rent the air 
with their enthusiastic cheering, while 
the vessel's horn added to the din, all 
combining to tone up the s])irits of the 
boys amazingly. The officers of the 
Gloucester kindly megaphoned to find if 
they could be of any service. 



afloat or ashore. Through their immu- 
nity they have been of inestimable ser- 
vice to their suffering comrades. The 
officers of the Ninth did not take their 
meals with the men, but had a mess of 
their own, using the ship's dining room 
at a cost of $1.50 per day. The long ab- 
>ence of the paymaster was evident 
when, at the close of the first day, an at- 
tempt was made to collect the assess- 
ment. ( )nly three officers were able to 
])roperly respond. However, a check 
hook was developedsothat food was en- 
joyed, though the pay therefor was to 



EMMET C;L-AkI).S, COMPANY C. 



275 



come later. The "Emmets" have unlv 
pleasant words for the officers of the 
Allegheny, Captain Xickerson doing 
many favors to the sick and hungry, and 
Chief Engineer E. J. Gummer was 
specially serviceable to the hoys home- 
ward bound. 

There may be said of the "Emmets" 
what would not he true of anv other 
company in the regiment, that the com- 
missioned officers were never absent 
and were ever alive to the needs of their 
men. With proper influence, cm this 
homeward trii). thev secured from the 



who gave the i'lmmet address just l)e- 
fore the Company volunteered. 

Meantime, on the shore of -Mnntauk 
I'oint, there is a gathering of Worces- 
ter people exceedingly anxious to greet 
their returning friends. The \'eteran 
.Association of the "Enmiets" are in 
evidence on the morning of the 30th, 
but the e\])ected vessel is still on tlie 
wa\-. I)r. I'eter O. Shea, an Assistant 
Surgeon of the Xinth. and a Worcester 
boy, who had l)een invalided home, and 
now convalescent, had come down from 
Worcester to receive the boys as they 




sliip"s stewaril the material for a mild 
milk punch, of which Lieutenant Mc- 
Caim was the cUspenser. He says that 
his pleasure at relieving some of his 
own men was robbed of half its effect 
through seeing the longing eyes of other 
sufferers to whom he could not minister, 
he believing that his charity should be- 
gin at home. Then he was truly a min- 
istering angel and blessings many were 
called down upon his head. The stew- 
ard of the Allegheny was a brother of 
the Rev. George W. Pepper of Ohio. 



landed. but he had overrated his strength 
and was obliged to return home again. 
Dr. Timothy J. Eoley is another doctor 
from the Heart of the Commonwealth, 
and he awaits the Allegheny. There 
are newspaper men and other citizens, 
all anxiously looking for the coming of 
the vessel. There is a large quantity of 
supplies, either here or coming, which 
shall aid in restoring the soldiers to their 
normal condition, all contributed by 
Worcester people. General "Joe" 
Wheeler is in command at Camp ^^'ikofF, 



276 



WORCESTER TX THE SRANISH WAR. 




aiul to him Dr. I'nWy liad ■J,<mc when ho 
found hinisrh' nnallrnik-d hy the n.ita- 
bles of the home committee, related his 
story and told the Alabamian what he 
wanted to do. The scheme seemed to 
please the veteran and he gave the jihy- 
sician a pass which would admit him to 
the detention camp when the boys 
should reach it, and to them immediately 



when thev came, he also gave directions 
for the use of a wagon to transport the 
supplies as soon as they were unloaded. 
For the General, Dr. Foley had only the 
highest praises. 

"There's many a slip 'twixt cup and 
lip," is a time-worn saw and never better 
applied than when a soldier-bearing ves- 
sel nears the shores, so wistfully sought 



KMMI"!' OrAKDS, CriMr.WV c. 



277 



during weary tlays and nii;lit^, yet de- 
barred from landing her living hurdfii 
because of the rvdc intervening. "Sd 
near and yet so far,'' was in the mind of 
more than one gazer from the decks of 
the Allegheny as he looked off to the 
promised land where he knew ainnidancc 
awaited him. At i p.m. the quarantine 
boat returned bringing six cases of eggs, 
two hundred quarts of milk and more 
than four hundred sandwiches. Red 
Cross supplies. Never was relief more 
opportune. Eggs and milk mingled 
make a wonderfully invigorating drink 
for the almost famished men. Two hours 
later comes the hospital ship, \'igilant. 
and upon her decks are borne the sick, 
who to the number of one hundred and 
fifty are taken off. It is just before 
noon. September I St, that a bai^ge bearing 
the eight companies of the Ninth is 
towed up to a dock and the fever- 
stricken men once more stand on Amer- 
ican soil. Perhaps the coming was a 
bit earlier than was expected, since 
guards were not posted, and for a few 
minutes there was an unrestricted greet- 
ing of soldiers and friends who had 
crowded down to the landing for this 
very purpose. 'Tis said that Peter F. 
Sullivan, one of the regimental buglers 
and the Gazette correspondent, was the 
first man ashore, and was near!y omni- 
present in his hand-shaking mission. 
Either in ambulance or afoot the men 
take up their march to the camp, ac- 
companied by Drs. Foley and James E. 
McGourty, both Worcester men who 
are to remain with the "Emmets" till 
they are freed from quarantine. 

On this progress campward, "Cou- 
chee" is again in evidence. Though 
sleek in flesh, he is susceptilile to ex- 
treme heat. In Santiago he had yielded 
to the sun's rays, and had been dipped 
into a swamp for resuscitation. To-da\' 
he turned over on his back and his four 
feet seemed to supplicate help. Lieu- 
tenant AlcCann bore him in his arms till, 
reaching the camp of the Rough Riders, 
and finding a barrel of drinking water, 
he dumped him in. Thereupon the ten- 
der-hearted officer was in danger of his 



lifeat tlu' hands of the iralehustlers,but 
who relented at once when they learned 
the situation. Though revived by his 
plunge, the mascot staggered some, see- 
ing which an amiable surgeon directed 
that he be carried in an ambulance to 
detention cam]). Was ever other dog 
thus honored ? 

As is often the case when opportunity 
offers, our men in detention camp, hav- 
ing a chance to partake liberally of the 
good things ofifered in the way of food, 
ate too freely and, as a consequence, 
suffered from deranged stomachs and 
again had to go upon short rations, this 
time not for the lack of food, but be- 
cause of its superabundance. Men are 
only children of larger growth, and the 
mothers representetl were not near to 
advise their progeny as to the proper 
time and quantity. Beef tea and malted 
milk become the somewhat limited fare 
of the ailing lads, and they begin to 
wonder what their stomachs were made 
for. Drs. Foley and .Mc( iourty are in at- 
tendance, and to them must be'added the 
name of Dr. John Ronayne, another 
\\'orcester boy, who has come to the 
camp to help take care of his old-time 
friends. The principal subjects of con- 
versation are the end of their stay in 
<|uarantine and the date of the start for 
home, which for this occasion will come 
nearer hea\en than anything as vet ex- 
perienced by these young men. A long- 
looked-for and anxiously expected event 
was recorded on W'ednesday, Sept. 7th, 
\-iz.. the visit of the paymaster. Not 
since the days of Camp .-Xlger had such 
a personage revealed himself to the regi- 
ment, and for many a long week the 
pockets of the men had been conspicu- 
ous for their eni])tiness. Congressman 
Fitzgerald is e.xtremely active, trying to 
devise somemeansof securing better uni- 
forms for the regiment on its return to 
.Xfassachusetts. Visitors from the Bay 
.'-itatc are numerous, and among those 
from Worcester are the Rev. D. F. Mc- 
(jillicuddy, Richard Healy and Mark 
Skerrett. brother of the Company Musi- 
cian. During all these days, "Couchee," 
the Company mascot, has no complaint 



278 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 




L_ 



SANTIAGO'S MORRO CASTLE. 



t(i niaku (if his usai.jc. am! under tlu- care 
I if "I'rincf" rrenclivillc is as fat a- ever, 
ill this respect setting an example fnr 
the otlier niemljers of the "Eniiiiets.' 
The period of detention ended Suiida\ , 
the 4th, and nominally the Imys cijiild 
receive visitors, Imt there was all the 
time some reason wh\- unrestricted in 
terviewing was im]jossil>le 

The route to be taken mi the lionie- 
ward way was a prominent theme, and 
Hon. Jolin F. Fitzgerald and Senator 
George F. Hoar were doing all in 
their ])i>\vcr to have the Worcester men 
sent thither iiy the shortest and quickest 
way possible, hut ri'd tape and military 
delay are more potint than statesmen, 
and when the time really arrives, our 
buys go the longest way round. .\t 10 
a.m.. Wednesday, it was given out that 
the departure would be on the following- 
day, but as the new suits of blue had not 
arrived, the men could hardly believe 
that thev were reallv to go. Then came 



on a se\'ere rain storm, with a conse- 
quent lowering of the temperature that 
chilled these fever-racked frames to the 
marrow, and lights went out early m 
tlie ho]3e of securing blanket warmth 
not possible in any (jther nr.mner. It 
was "b^ive ( )'Clock in the .Morning." 
Thursday, that the ]io\s were routed 
from their tents and told to make ready 
for the leaxing of Cam]) WikoiT. Once 
more comes the contradiction of rumors 
and reports: the onh' certain thing is 
that the regiment does not move. .\ow 
comes the Hon. John F. FitzgeraUl 
again, an<l on galloping steed he seeks 
the side and ear of General Shaffer and 
pleads, nav demands, that the men be 
allowed to go, with or without uni- 
forms. What is the difference to dying 
men whether they be clad in lilue or 
brown" .\t 10 o'clock', the l\e]M-esenta- 
tive comes into camp wliirling, bearing 
the glad intelligence that the boys are 
to go at once. l'A-er\- one must be ready 



EMMET CUARI) 



279 



to march in an hmiv. Init ndt till i p.m. 
does the regiment reach the floating 
dock below the railroad station. Just 
eleven "Emmets" are able to walk to 
the wharf. Again it is the \'igilant 
which is to convey the men to Xew Lon- 
don. The crowd is a dense one that 
fills all (if the steamer's space, and be- 
sides the soldiers, are many \\'orcester 
citizens, as Drs. Folev, McGourtv, 
Joseph H. Kelley, AT. F. Fallon, T. .\. 
O'Callaghan, William ]. Delahantv, T- 
W. McKoan, the Rev." D. F. McGilfi- 
cuddy, Michael L. Russell and I'rank J. 
Moynihan. 

Loading anfl transit take so much 
time that not till 5 o'clock in the after- 
noon does the steamer enter Kew Lon- 
don Harbor. By shrill whistles and sa- 
lutes from cannon, the coming of the 
regiment is announced to the i)co])le of 
the Connecticut city, and they come 
crowding down to the wharf to see the 
soldiers land. The first to meet the 
"Emmets" are the members of the 
reception committee from ^^'orcester, 
who, with Robert Kessell as director, 
serve refreshments to the bovs. The 
latter are in a wonderfully receptive 
mood, since their breakfast had been 
taken hours before among the sand 
dunes of Alontauk. Another disap- 
pointment awaits the men, for instead 
of following the Thames River north- 
ward, as so many- Worcester people 
have been doing for fully fifty years, 
the train takes them to Providence. 
Just why, no man can tell, unless to 
swell the receipts of the railroad, to 
whose mercies they are committe<l. 
Nine o'clock in the evening finds the 
regiment in Rhode Island's principal 
citv, and about as far from home as 
when they left New London. Owing 
to their enfeebled condition sleeping- 
cars had been provided for the men. 
and some of them, including Captain 
Moynihan, were compelled to retire at 
once. 

Though the ride from Providence to 
Worcester is not a long one, to the 
anxious passengers it is long enough, 
and their arrival at 10.45 P-"''- •* none 
too soon. The public parade and recep- 
tion so dear to the hearts of all re- 



turning soldiers had to be given up on 
account of the weakened state of the 
men themselves, an<l the throngs 
which filled Union Station soon had 
ocular evidence that for such emaci- 
ated figures, home, mother and the best 
of care are the things most desirable 
now, A force of above fifty policemen 
had roped off the entire train shed and 
a considerable ])orti(jn of Washington 
Square, in anticipation of the hosts that 
would press in ujion the return- 
ing "Emmets." Within the inclosed 
limits only those wearing badges, giv 
en out !)}• the honorary corps, were 
to be atlmitted. Of this organization 
there were present t)ne hundred mem- 
bers, headed by the IVesident, John J. 
Riordan, X'ice-jjresident (leorge Mc- 
.\leer, .Secretary W illiain J. Tansey 
and M. l!. Land). .\lso there were 
seventy-fi\c of ilu' ladies Ijelonging to 
the -Au.xiliary. some of the "Emmet" 
veterans of the Rebellion. Colonel 
Fred. W. Wellington, Colonel E. J. 
Russell. .\ldenu;in T. J. I'.arrett. Coun- 
cilmen Philip j. ( )'CMniiell and B. H. 
McMahon, (ieneral .\. B. R. Sprague, 
M. J. \\'hiitall and the Rev. Roland A. 
Nichols. 1 he preparations were good 
and, under ordinary circumstances, 
could have been carried out as de- 
signed, but this is no ordinary occa- 
sion. Scarcely is the train of Pullman 
coaches in the shed than the crowd 
broke all barriers and made a mad rush 
for the last car, in which are their 
friends the "Emmets." Hands by the 
thousand are reached up in a vain ef- 
fort to grasp those of dear ones seen 
through the car windows. There are wom- 
en who, having near and dear relatives 
in the Company, figlit their way to the 
side of the car, that they may first greet 
the returning scjldier. P''or a moment 
it looked as though all order and re- 
straint had succumbed to the one mad 
attempt to reach the loved one. At the 
best, of G Company there are less than 
half the number that, four months 
before, had ridden away so bravely ; 
the others are hovering between life 
and death in the hospital, are already 
convalescing at home, or sleeping the 
dreamless sleep that knows no waking. 



280 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




SCENE OF FINAL SURRENDER. SANTIAGO. 



Only a Salvator Rosa could do jus- 
tice in depicting such a scene, but, for- 
tunately, there were men in the tlirong 
whf) never flinch for one minute. The 
men of the JKincirary corps join hands 
and, by sheer strength, furce the 
masses liack frcmi the side "f the car. 
The nld train shed had ])eheld many 
a sad scene in the Imig years of occu- 
I)ancy, but never one more pathetic 
than that which follows. Dr. Josepli 
H. Kelley appears upon the platform 
and shouts to the swaying throng, 
"There is a guard at either end 
of this car. and no man or woman will 
be i)rrmitted to enter, and no man will 
be allowed to leave, till this crowd has 
fallen back so that these men can be 
taken out. There is not a man in this 
car who is alile to walk ten feel, and 
we will keep them in the car all night 
unless room is made so that thev can 
be taken to the carriages." Like the 
words of W'eli.ster <in I'.unker Hill, 
spoken to the thronging multitude at 



the corner-stone laying. Dr. Kelley's had 
the desired effect, and in spite of 
the number and almost insane in- 
terest, a passage-way wide enough 
for three persons to walk abreast 
was cleared to a place in front 
of the station, where the carriages were 
stationed, llien come the men, one a: 
a time, to be escorted by two of the 
honoraries to the provided carriage. 
h'irst comes Lieutenant William E. 
AlcCann, and in his arms is the mas- 
cot, "Couchee," which is speedily given 
to his whilom owner, Michael McCar- 
thy, and the Lieutenant then returns 
lo his conu'ades. Even cheering, the 
\'ent of pent-up American enthusiasm, 
is frowned upon, for at a feeble at- 
tempt to shout. Dr. Kelley exclaims, 
"l-'or God's sake, people, do not begin 
to cheer; these men are sick and must 
not be excited; in their condition ex- 
citement is death." No matter how 
long their lives, to few men is given 
such a gauntlet of loving, pitying 



KMMiri' (;lakds, comtaw g. 



281 




glances as tliat through which the sur- 
viving members of Company "(J" pass, 
on their way to the carriages which are 
to bear them lionie. wliere is waiting — 



"A happy 
each . ' ' 



-welcome home' for 



While the order of General "Joe" 
Wheeler as the Xinth was leaving 
Montauk was for the regiment, one- 
twelfth of it belongs to the Worcester 
boys, and it should have place in these 
pages : 

Camp Wikoi'K, Montauk Point. I.. I., 

Sei)t. S. icSg8. 
Major Donovan, 

Commanding gtli Reginu-nt, Massacluisetts 
Volunteers. 

Dear Sir: I cannot allow your gallant coin- 
mand to leave Camj) WikotT without express- 
ing my admiration for the gallant services 
rendered in Cuba. .Although your regiment 
did not arrive on the Island in time to be par- 
ticipants in the first engagement, it came ujjon 
the scene of action at a time when its services 
were most necessary. 

The chivalrous devotion to duty displayed by 
your men in marching immediately to the front 
in the face of the fire of the enemy, and the 
hardships endured in being compelleil to remain 
in the hot sun and driving rain without shelter 
and without food, will mark a new era in the 
history of American liravery. 

The people of the United States have reason 
to be grateful to the grand old Commowealth 
of Massachusetts for the magnificent part she 
has taken in the present struggle, and amongst 
the galaxy of sons she has sent to the front 
none have won their honors with greater credit 
than the men of the gth. 

Wishing you and your command a safe jour- 
ney home. 

JOSEPH WHEELER, 
Major General of U. S. Volunteers. 

Everv niemher of the Company who 
bore his part is entitled to his 
portion of this praise Irom the 



gallant ex-Confederate who, in his 
deeds in (,'uba, endeared himself 
and did much to efface any blame at- 
taching for his former devotion to the 
Lost Cause. His words should be a 
heritage for the generations to come, 
attesting the heroism of the fathers 
who risked health and life to right the 
wrongs of a long-o])[)ressed and down- 
trodden people. 

They were trying days which siic- 
ceedecl the home-coming, for were 
there not hundreds of loving friends 
who, in their efforts to feed and fondle 
the boys, would ha\-e undone all tht- 
work of the physicians in tr\ing lo 
bring their charges back again to 
health and strength? Few of the sol- 
diers were seen in the street on the 
dav after, and only as normal vigor 
began to rettirn. did the men ajjpear 
in their accustomed haunts. Then fol- 
lowed an e.\hil)ition of the de^votion cf 
those who had only heard of the Cuban 
vicissitudes. To a call for volunteer 
nurses. Misses Rand, Ilartwell. Farley. 
()"(;orman. Delaney. .McCourty and 
Ronavne speedily responded. Stable- 
man John r. Mcl^onald and Callahan 
r>ros. ofl'ered the free use of four hacks 
each, that these nurses might have easy 
and ready carriage to their respective 
patients. With the city divided into 
sections it was possible to .give to tlu 
men the care and attention from the 
lack of which tliey had so long suf- 
fered. ( )n the 9tli. or the day follow- 
itig the rettirn. two more of the Com- 
iwny, Cori)oral John F. Iloran and 
John F. Keegan. passed away in the 
hospital at Montauk. and on the 5th 



282 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



Jiiseph X. Ci.)ffee, one of the recruits, 
died at Camp Meade, in Pennsylvania. 
Thus of the full Company which went 
awa\' from the city, eisllt are in the 
other world, while certain of the sur- 
vivors arc endeavoring' to regain their 
strength in their respective homes. 

On the 14th of September, Michael 
J. Russell left for Montauk, under the 
directiim of the honoraries. to look af- 
ter the "Emmets" still in the h< is- 
pital there, and fur Iwn weeks he faith- 
full\- discharged his duty, lie was fi ir- 
tunate in finding the W <irce>ter doctor. 
1. A. Ronavne. who, like himself, had 



died on the 15th of September, anr. 
John j. Creaven on the 25th. For all 
the men there was an extended sick 
leave, during which time they had the 
privilege of recuperating as best they 
could. It should be stated that every 
man had his fever sooner or later. If 
he came ofif the Island well, he was 
stricken after reaching liome, if not be- 
fore. ( )ne of the \ery last to yield was 
Lieutenant McCann. whose sinewy 
frame resisted all attacks into the 
month of Xoxember. when he went 
down all at once, and for the ensuing 
two \ears did not know a well day. 




Dr. Jos. H. Kei.i.e 
A "Mont.iuk" \"oliint. 



a personal interest in the sick men 
from this citw ( )n his return he 
brought with him as far as I'rovidence 
the bo_\' (ieorge Corbin. who insisted 
on going w^ith the " Mmmets," whether 
enlisted or not. < )n reaching Provi- 
dence the l.iil. \er\' weak, was trans- 
ferred to St. I'eter's Hospital. This 
young m;in. whom no hardshi]i nor re- 
buff Could d.iunt in his iletermination 
to go with the ('omp.-iny to t'ldia. had 
managed to L;et ;ihoai(l the ll;ir\ard 
contrary to tlu' oiders of the ot'ticers, 
but once on b(iard it was thought best 
to gi\e him all the chance possible. 
When old enough lu- enlisted, and 
now, 1904, he is a Cor])oral in the "Mm- 
mets." ( )f tlu- men left in hospital at 
Montauk, l'ri\ate I. V . .McTiernan 



RElKriTS. 

The services of Sergeant J. J. Corliss 
in bringing the ranks of the "Emmets" 
up to the newly adopted standard 
should be treated under a special head- 
ing. We have already seen him com- 
ing or going back to Worcester from 
Catnp Alger on the 8th day of June, 
thereby debarring himself from the ex- 
periences of the life in Cuba. It is the 
dutv of a soldier to obey orders, and 
this a good one does uncomplainingly. 
Though he reached home the next day 
and was ready for work, he awaited 
orders till the 13th, when, in conformity 
with direction then received, he opened 
his static ju at the .\rmory, and before 10 



EMMKT niWRDS 



283 




p.m. had liis thirty-two name.s enrolled 
The next day he took twenty more, and 
on Wednesday, the 15th, his number 
ran up to eighty-seven. Thursday be- 
gan the physical examinations under 
Dr. J. T. Ak-Gillicuddy, who jiassed 
twenty men out of thirty-seven exam- 
ined. At 6 p.m. came orders to suspend 
operations, and they were in suspense 
till Saturday, the 25th, when he was 
ordered to resume. Monday, the 27tli. 
he took ten more names ; twenty-eight 
men were examined, of whom seventeen 
passed. There was no difficulty in se- 
curing men, and seemingly a regiment 
might have been raised. July ist. Lieu- 
tenant Healey of Clinton mustered into 
the U. S. service twenty men, and only 
failed to muster the other twelve on ac- 
count of lack of blank papers, and not 
till the 1 2th did the necessary documents 
arrive. It was lucky that nothing im- 
minent hinged on the coming of these 
same papers. Meanwhile, the industri- 
ous Sergeant put his recruits through a 
course of drill and marching, gradually 
inuring them to the duties of coming 
davs. 

On the I2th of July, the remaining 
twelve men were mustered in, and. hav- 



rophy. William II. .Murphy. .1. l-\ Carey. 

ing their uniforms, they were ready for 
their departure. Thursday, the I4tii, 
witnessed tlie going of the recruits. At 
7 p.m. they assembled at the .Armory, 
and with nuisic by Buckley's Drum 
Cori)s, iluy marched to Union Station. 
The men who were anxious to help 
swell the ranks of the "Emmets" were 
as follows, viz. : D. J. Kennedy, James 
M. Carberry, Thomas Foley. Maurice 
.\. Keane, Thomas F. Casey, John J. 
Martin, L. .V. O'Sullivan. James F. 
Power, Steiihen F. Ilaggerty, Charles 
F. Rice, Patrick F. Shea. Thomas F. 
Kellaher, William J. Riley, Tiiomas P.. 
Kelley, Patrick J. {"lemiiig. John F. 
Carroll. Michael H. Conroy. I'eter H. 
P.ennett, Walter .Mien. Gerald F. Mc- 
(Hllicuddy, J. J. Parkin, W. M. Leon- 
ard. Daniel Cronin, M. F. Bradshaw, 
James ]■". Carey. Thomas J. Kelleher, 
Richard H. Powers. Arthur L. Desau- 
telle. F. IP Connelly. Arioul A. Shep- 
ardson. Joseph X. Coffee. Timothy J. 
Hurley. Though the "Emmets" are 
suffering in Cuba, these are recruits for 
their ranks, and the public, appreciating 
their patriotism, turns out to give them 
a cheerful parting. Led by Lieutenant 
'SI. J. Healey of Clinton's Company K, 



284 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 




'■WE ARE COMRADE 



and Sergeant Corliss, they march 
through Main Street to Front Street 
and along the same to rnion Station. 
everywhere cheered l^y the people, who 
are ever alive to anytliing military. A 
great throng fills the station itself, so 
that it is impossible for the men to 
board the car assigned to them, viz., the 
last on the Fitchburg train. It is en- 
tered linally only by boarding one of 
the forward cars, and by passing 
throngh the train, the proper (|iiarters 
are reached. Caterer Yeaw ])laces on 
the car a hamper holding thirty-two 
boxes, supposed to contain cooked pro- 
visions for three meals, and, besides, he 
gives to each man twenty-one cents for 
the purchase of cofifee on the way. Fol- 
lowed by the plaudits of tlie multitude, 
the train drew out at 7.55, leaving the 
people to disperse at their pleasure. 
Overcome by excitement, one lady, the 
sister of a recruit, faints, thus adding 
to the excitement. .\t I-incoln Sciuare 
there is more ajiplause, and here the 
drum corps alight-; and gives a final 
serenade. The men went away in 
charge of acting Sergeants Thomas F. 
Kelley and Maurice .\. Keane; it being 
necessary for Sergeant Corliss to re- 
main and finish np his papers. 

P.y way of the Fitchburg and West 
.Shore lint's, the men went directly 
thr()UL,di to their destination, reaching 
Dunn-Loring early Friday night, every 
man in place, the first party to arrive in- 



tact and on time. They were immedi- 
ately assigned to quarters and the rou- 
tine of camp life began in earnest. The 
Sergeant, who had given so much time 
togettingthis party of recruits together, 
did not join them till Saturday, July 30, 
at 7 p.m. August ist, he is made Quar- 
termaster-sergeant of the provisional 
company, composed of recruits for sev- 
eral of the Ninth's companies. Thurs- 
day, the 4th, the troops move away 
from Camp Alger, on acciiunt of the 
lirevalence there of typhoid fever, to 
P)Urk's Station. After remaining one 
<lay at this point, a march is made to 
Hull Run, a place full of interest to the 
men who renienilier the Civil War. 
Simdaw the 7th, the march was re- 
sinned for Manassas and camji is pitched 
at llristow Station, a name full of Re- 
bellion memories. Relics of those 
troublous times are frecjuently found. 
.Monday and Tuesday they are at Chapel 
Springs, and Wednesday, the loth, they 
go through to Thoroughfare Gap, still 
in historic regions, but continuous rains 
tend to damiK'u their interest. On ac- 
count of the high water in some of the 
creeks to l)e passed, the men strip them- 
selves to avoid thoniugh soaking. The 
men who were there nearly forty years 
before had no time for such care. 

Here the men remained till the 27th, 
there being little variety save as they 
lind Rebellion relics or get passes to 
near-ljy places of interest. The Com- 



EMMKT r,r.\KI)S. COMI'AW 



285 




pany is detailed for duty at tlir head- 
quarters of General Davis, and do not 
find their (hities particularly arduous. 
There is a hit of excitement on account 
of the court-martialing of Captain Dun- 
can of a Kansas regiment through his 
alleged digging up of the body of a 
Confederate officer at Rull Run. On 
the 27th, trains are boarded for Middle- 
town, Penn., via Washington. When 
in the Capital, the soldiers were be- 
friended by the Red Cross Society with 
food and drink, and their hearts are 
quite won thereby. Sunday, the 28th, 
finds the men in their new station, near 
Middletown, or, as it is called. Camp 
Meade, at about 7 a.m.. and note is im- 
mediately made of the improved ap- 
pearance of the vicinity. As Sergeant 
Corliss expresses it, "folks live, not 
merely exist." However, the stay in 
this camp is so brief, it seems strange 
that the move should have been made 
at all. Each day has some sort of an 
order, to be countermanded on the next, 
with reference to the disposition of the 
soldiers. 

August 31st, came orders to report at 
Montauk and to prepare proper papers at 
once. These were in preparation Sep- 



lenil)er ist, _>d and 3d. through ex- 
tremely hot weather, the mercury re- 
cording above 100 degrees in the shade. 
( )n the last named date came direc- 
tions to re])air to Camp Dalton in 
South I'ramingham, which, to the wan- 
derers, had an almost home-like sound. 
They start on the 4th, going through 
Jersey City and Xew York, taking 
from the latter place a train for home, 
via Xew Haven. ."Springfield, through 
\\'orcester, reaching !~^outh Framing- 
ham at 4.30 a.m., Alonday. the 5th of 
September. 

Here they found the 5th Regiment in 
camp and were hosi)itably received by 
the men, who helped the "Emmets" not 
only to refreshments, but towards find- 
ing their pro])er lodgment, wheie for a 
time they were in nominal c|uarantine, 
there being an impression that they 
might have brought home with them 
contagious ailments. However, as no 
disease made its appearance, furloughs 
were given to individuals, till finally all 
were sent to Worcester on the loth of 
September, the general furlough cover- 
ing si.xtv days. The home-coming was 
on Saturday, and it came at a time 
when depression reigned on account of 
the man\- deaths among the Cuban sol- 



286 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



(Hers, hence no demonstration greeted 
the advent of the young men who had 
shown their wiUingness to do and to 
suffer, if necessary. Of the thirty-two 
who had enlisted, twenty-four were in 
line ; one. Cofi'ee. had died, and others 
were in hospital. From this point, the 
story of the recruits coincides with that 
of the other members of the Company. 



After the return of so man\- men. the 
war being over, the cit\- dvtcrniincd t(T 
give the new veterans a rcccntii)n vvor- 
thv of their services. TIk' day set for 
the afTair was the last day of October. 
In honor of the occasion, the schools 
stopped early and the Mayor requested 
that places of business be closed 
during the parade. It seemed that 
the same s])irit which sent the men 
awav was still alive, if anything a lit- 
tle more intense than mi those rainy 
May days, and surely the homeward 
coming ought to l)e brighter than the 
de])arture. The sur\iving men who 
were well ennugh for the march were 
in line, but there were heavy hearts 
among the i.nltidkers. who saw rather 
the vacant places than the men who 
marched. Once more Colonel Wel- 
lington is Chief Marshal, and the right 
of the line is given to liattery B. the 
hearts of whose members were con- 
sumed with en\y because of their en- 
forced remaining at home while these, 
their fellow members of the militia, 
were gaining renown and ,L;lory on the 
battlefield, dlun follow tin- ol.ler vet- 
erans of i'ost lo. < .. A. K.. prouder 
than ever of the l)o\s wliom tiie\ had 
reared and had sent int.. the |)atliway 
of duty. .Major I'airbanks heads tlu- 
battalion, and then come the (,'it\ 
(iuards. under Captain llarrelt. with 
his lieutenants. Tisdale and Plunimer. 
and sixtv men. The "Wellingtons" fol- 
low, le<rby Captain Holden, with Lieu- 
tenant Harry T. Cray an( 
men. Xe.xt in line are the 
Captain Moynihan leading, 
of his lieutenants, Hurley 

Cann. and seventy-one 



and forty-seven men. With each com- 
jjanv were men representing other 
conipanies, but. as Worcester citizens, 
had borne a part in the contest. The 
march was not a long one. but it was 
sufficient to try the strength of the 
lately fever-stricken soldiers. At City 
Hall', thev were reviewed by^.the Mayor 
and the' city government, and the 
school children were there in force, 
just as they were six months before. 
( )n the Common. Battery B fired a sa- 
lute in honor of the soldiers' return, 
and at 5 p.m. the parade was dismissed 
at the Armory. "Couchee,'" the mas- 
cot, also was in line with his fellow vet- 
erans, and his blanket bears the words, 
"I've been to Cuba. How about a pen- 
sion .•'" 

In the evening came the last scene, 
in the reception.'when Mechanics Hall 
was filled to repletion with a vast ar- 
ray of soldiers and citizens, all intent 
on making the day and the hour mem- 
orable. The galleries were filled with 
people, who had paid fifty cents apiece 
for the privilege of seeing the veterans 
served and to hear the speeches. The 
numbers present were so much greater 
than expected that the city gov- 
erunuiil had to retire without a part 



1 forty-four 

"Kmmets. 

with both 

and Mc- 

men. Last 



of all marches the Light Infantry, com- 
manded by Captain Frank L. Allen, 
with Lieutenant Herbert H. Warren 




James E. Power. 



EMMET GUARDS, COM PAN V 



287 



in the progratninc. In the confusion 
incident to the seating, the "Emmets" 
were left outside on the stairs, and 
were not present when grace was 
said by Dr. A. Z. Conrad. Charles H. 
Pinkham, that veteran chairman of 
reception committees, efficiently sup- 
ported by his aids, saw to the ])roper 
placing of the guests, and then fol- 
lowed the repast. W hen the feast was 
over, as toastmaster. Colonel Fred. W. 
Wellington took charge and happily 
introduced his several speakers. All 
rose equal to the occasion, and their 
oratory was enthusiastically received. 
The speakers, in order, were Mayor 
R. B. Dodge. Jr.. Congressman Joseph 
H. Walker, the Hon. Alfred S. Pinker- 
ton, the Rev. D. F. McGiUicuddy. Co!- 
onel W. S. B. Hopkins and William H. 
Bartlett. commanding the department 
of Massachusetts, G. A. R. In con- 
clusion, all arose while the Rev. Fr. 
McGiUicuddy repeated the prayer for 
the dead, ending with. ••Rcquicscaut in 
pace." 

For the "FZmmets" there is yet some- 
thing to be done, for they must 
serve their tour of duty at the Armory. 
Accordingly they rejiort on .Sunday. 
Nov. 6th, at TO a.m. and proceed to 
set their quarters in order. Their meals 




Thos. F. Casev Sh.a 



are to be served by Caterer Veaw in 
the ban(|uet hall, and the work before 
them will not be very arduous. Not 
all are here, for, aside from tliose in 
their graves, there are many who can- 
not resjjontl on account of illness. Ow- 
ing to the recruiting to the maximum 
number, tliere had been io6 nien in the 
Company. ( )f this number, eighty en- 
listed nun and three officers are pres- 
ent. .Also George Corbin puts in an ap- 
pearance and (lines with his old friends. 
The duties of these twenty days are 
not much like those of the Cuban cam- 
paign, nor do rations, served by Ca- 
terer \'eaw. resemble those given by 
Uncle Sam on the Island. So far as 
mere work is concerned, each lad coidd 
sing with Watts — 

■■ My willing soul would stay 

In such a frame as this. 
And sit and sing itself away. 

To everlasting bliss." 

The ofticers and their clerks had be- 
fore them the prejjaration of their mus- 
ter-out rolls, and as the thirty-two 
recruits had been j^rett}- well scattered 
around the country, it was something 
to get together all the threads in the 
skein. With very lew rifts in their lute. 
the tour continued till the 26th day 
of Xovend)er. when tiiey were mus- 
tered out of the L'. S. service and paid 
ofif at the Armory. Including twenty- 
eight recruits, there were ninety-four 
men to rejoice at the offices of Lieu- 
tenant D. W. Kitchner of the 2d U. 
S. .\rtillery and Major M. R. Dyon, 
|)aymasters in the regular army. Some 
who were too ill to be present or were 
absent for any reason, received their 
])av and discharge from Washington. 
At 10.45 ''■'"• t'''^ '^''•'''^ ^^'•'^ done and 
the regular officers at once departed 
for Boston. 

Immediately following the muster- 
out, there was a meeting of the veter- 
ans, which Captain Moynihan. with 
Lieutenants Hurley and McCann. ad- 
dressed, speaking in general terms of 
the character of the services of the men 
and of the conduct that should be 
theirs in following years. Thanks were 
given all the organizations and indi- 
viduals that had contributed to the 
comfort and happiness of the men. and 



288 



\\"(>Rri;sTER IX THE spanmsii wai 




the nicctiiit;; cIdsl-cI with thrc-e rcuisint;' 
cheers f(.ir the Worcester press. Cater- 
er Yeaw ser\'e(l fur the veterans a 
turkey (Uiiiier, up to his well-known 
standard. The men themselves made 
up a liljeral purse for deDr^e J. Corbin, 
the persistent lad who would go with 
them through the Cuban campaign 
and who ne\'er thnched an\' trial. 
"Couchee" continued to l)e the Coni- 
])a!i\'s favorite till his death, a long 
life, considering the vicissitudes 
tiirough which he had passed. For 
several years the city remitted the an- 
nual tax in recognition of his merit. 



His stuffed figure, glass encased, is one 
of tlu- most highly prized souvenirs 
in the "Mmmets' " (|uarters.* 

,\ncl here the chapter ends, though 
there are many items that might be 
introduced of suhset|uent service in the 
regular army of men whose experience, 
Severe as it was. hail only intensified 
their liking for a military career, and 
of the larger .array of men who, return- 
ing to the paths of peace, demonstrated 
the truth of Whittier's words when he 
said — 

"Peaci- liath higher tests of manlKXHl 
than battles ever knew." 



IX MEAi()Ri.\M, co:\ir.\xv c. 



The list of "I'jnniets"' dead is ;in ex- 
tended Diu-. Tin- nu-ii who had lieen S(j 
active and vigilant in the prepara- 
tory days were not impcrxions to the 
attacks of fever, and thus some of th,' 
\-crv strongest yielded. Their graves 
in Worcester are ohjects of tenderest 
r(.'gari| 1(j their many comrades and 
frieiuK, but the bodies beneath the sea 
receix'^' no .Meinori;il [);i\' tributes. 
There, unlettered but not unsung, they 
await the day wdien the heavens shall 
be rolled together as a scroll and the 
great waters shall give up their dead. 
Each succeeding year ailds to the in- 
terest which the public has for the men 
who So willinsjh de\dted themselves 



to a cause which they deemed just and 
worth the risk that tliex assumed. 

Henry ,Siilli\an. — Till the camp was 
saddened liv the announcement of Pri- 
vate Sullivan's death, the men of the 
Xinth had begun to think they led 
charmed lives and that they were to 
be exempt from the ]ienalties paid by 
either bodies: I.)ut they were speedily 
undeceived, an<I before the tale was 



*'"Couchee," on account of his age and con- 
se(|ueiit infirmities, wa.s mercifnlly chloroformed 
li.\ his friends, Horan and 0"Keefe, .-^pril ii, 
loot. The taxidermy work was done by E. R. 
Crossman. Perhaps it were better to state 
that the dog-olficer "'failed to see" the mascot 
than that the city forgave his tax. 



KMMICT (;i;.\KlJ.^ 



289 





1 ^ ^ / ^^>f.s«il«<-''- 



moo 



^SMAt*-'* 






4a^^:^' TliEYOIWCUP 








IHtlRUVrS. 






St,.!^?^*' 





told tlu- ninrtality record df Iho Xintli 
exceeded that of the other Massachu- 
setts regiments. Sullivan was born in 
\^'inchendon, Mass., Oct. 24, 1872, his 
parents l)eing Henry and Dora S. The 
famih- early removed to Gardner, so 
that his school days were spent in the 
latter town. Removing to Worcester, 
he learned the business of mattress 
making, and was working for J. J. 
Griffin', Shrewsbury Street, when the 
war began. October 2. 1895, he was 



married to Miss Mary Moynihan, who, 
with her widowed mother, survives. 
The particulars of his death. July 23, 
ha\ e been given in the narrative of the 
Company. He sleeps now in St. John's 
Cemetery, his body having been re- 
turned later in the year. As one of the 
regimental postmen, his face and fig- 
ure were familiar to all the members 
of the Xinth. His aged father is still 
living, but his mother is dead. A sis- 
ter is thv wife of his comrade. John 



290 



WORCESTER IN THE STANISH WAR. 




EMMET (U'ARI)S, (llMI'.\\^■ 



291 



Larkin. ( )n its n.-tuni to this country, 
the body was biiricil in St. jolin's Cem- 
etery. 

George Washington Brosnan, wlio 
died at Egmont Key, Florida, .August 
20, was the second member of the Com- 
pany to die. He was a native of 
New York City, a son of John and 
Bridget (Leonard) Brosnan. Hie (kite 
of his birth was \ov. 6th, 1S77. His 
school days were spent principally in 
Saybrook, Conn. Later, coming to 
Worcester, he undertook the printer's 
trade and was employed as a pressman 
on the Evening Post of Worcester 
when he enlisted. As a soldier he was 
conspicuous for his alertness and faith- 
fulness, cjualities which secured for 
him the position of mail-carrier for the 
regiment. The death of no man in the 
Company was more regretted than 
his. When in Camp Alger, he suf- 
fered from an attack of measles, and 
though he accompanied his regiment 
to Cuba, he had not altogether recov- 
ered. Early in .Vugust he was sent 
back to the States. His father was a 
soldier in the British army and served 
in India. Besides his parents, he left 
a sister, Elizabeth, already mentioned 
in this story. The remains of the young 
ioldier at last found rest in St. John s 
Cemetery. 

Corporal John Daniel McSweencv. — 
When the "Emmets" went from Camp 
Alger, they left in charge of the tents 
they had occu])ied Cor]5oral Alc- 
Sweeney. who was to take charge of 
them in behalf of the recruits e.\])ecteil 
from A\'orcester. Here he was taken 
sick with typhoid fever, and when Ser- 
geant Corliss came down he found the 
young officer delirious and very much 
needing medical attention. For this 
purpose, he was sent to the hospital ai 
Fort Meyer, and liL-re he remained, his 
disease becoming finally tj-pluiid jineu- 
monia. from which hi died. .-Vugust 21. 
Just before his passing, though he had 
long been imconscious, his voting wife 
armed with their baby, hoping I" 
gladden his eyes with a sight of tlu- 
infant, named for him and the camp. 
John .Mger. Inn there was no recog- 
nition in his d\ing sight. With liis 



hand clasped in that of his wife, whom 
he had wedded only the Thanksgiving 
before, he received his final muster- 
out. He was born in County Kerry, 
Ireland, Feb. 2"/, 1874. the son of Dan- 
iel and Elizabeth (Sullivan) Mc- 
Sweeney. and the}- are still living in 
the old country. .\t the age of eight- 
een, in company with an aunt, he came 
to .\merica. stopping first in Xew 
York city. He very soon came to 
Worcester, and for five years had been 
a member of the "Emmets." His voca- 
tion was that of meat cutting, being 
employed by Fred M. Clark, on Foster 
Street. 1 loping to secure an appoint- 
ment on the police force of the city, he 
had been a pu])il in the Shrewsbury 
Street evening school during the win- 
ter. His bod}-, being the first soldier's 
remains to be brought home, it re- 
ceived all the attention and honor that 
friends and citizens could bestow. .-K 
vast array of ])eo[)le viewed the body 
as it lay in its casket, at 37 Eastern 
.\\enue. and on tlu' _'4th it was buried 
with military honors from St. .Anne's 
Church. The burial was in St. John's 
Cemetery. His widow, nee Nellie J. 
.Sulli\an. and the son, John .\lger Mc- 
.^weene\ . now reside' on Ciage Street. 
h'dward h'rancis Sullivan. — Not till 
the Company was on its way home did 
death again in\-ade the ranks of ilie 




The Transport .Alle 



292 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



"Emmets." As already stated. Sulli\an 
had been one of the stron.a^-est men 
in the regiment, sceming'ly immune to 
the aihnents wdiich had so weakened 
his comrades, but his turn came when 
he went aboard the Allegheny. "What 
might ha\'e been" has been the refrain 
in many a recital of the sad incident 
on that vessel when the delirious sol- 
dier leaped to his watery grave.* Had 
there been greater care given to his 
"heat oppressed brain," very likely he 
might have come home with his fel- 
lows. As it is. there is nothing left 
hut his obituary, wliich follows: He 
was bum in .Shre\vsbiir\-, Aug. 2<;, 1874, 
his parents being Patrick and Joanna 
(Xagle) Sullivan. To him was im- 
parted some of the physical vigor 
which enabled his father for years to 
walk daily from and to that hill town, 
that he might earn his stipend at the 
Quinsigamond wire mills. The son 
had his schooling on Shrewsbury and 
Grafton streets, in this city. He grew 
to be a stationary engineer, and was 
thus employed when the call came for 
volunteers. For several years his home 
had l)ecn with his aunt, Mrs. Margaret 
Sullivan, No. 14 Gage Street, and by 
whom his untimely death is stiH 
mourned. His father is lixing in 
Holden. 

Charles Francis Mc.Mann. — When 
the war cdl came there was \-isiting in 
\\ orcester a young man from \'er- 
mont. He h.id conu' here to see his 
younger sister, and th(jugli almost 
twenty-one years (jbl it was only the 
second meeting in their recollection. 
Iloth tile young peoj)le were children 
of .Michael and' .Mary (Reynolds) ( iaf- 
ney. who di^Ml wlu'u t'harKs was a lit- 
tle more than ihrcj years old. There 
were four ollur chililren. all of whom 
were (Iis]>ersed in the gn-.'it misl'ortune 
wliieh hail come upon them. Charles 
was ado])ted l>y Thomas .McWann, of 
East I'airtield, \ iTmont, though the 
lad's birtli]d,-ice w.is Cnderliill in that 
."^tale. The sister, Agnes, was ;ido|)ted 
by John Al. Cunningham, later of Wor- 
cester. Thus llie\ were reared a lontr 



*.Sc 



ways from each other. Charles had the 
benefit of \'ermont schools, graduat- 
ing in '07 at lirigham Academy, 
llakersfield, an all-round athlete. Fully 
si.x feet in height, weighing 180 jjounds, 
the examining surgeon said he was 
the best man he had ever seen. He 
was a star football player and was to 
enter the University of Vermont in the 
fall of i8(j8. It was when he gradu- 
ateil from the Academy that his sister 
first met him after infancy. Having 
tatight school during the winter of 
i8cjj-'()8. he had come down to \A'or- 
cester to repay the visit and to 
strengthen the ties so recently made. 
The call to war, however, proved 
stronger than that of college, and he 
was one of the gallant boys who 
marched aw;i\' with the "Emmets,' 
regularh- doing his duty till laid low- 
by fe\'er, from which he died, .\ugust 
30, when on his wax home in the .\lle- 
gheny, and, it will be remembered, the 
vessel was turned back that his body 
might rest beneath the deep waters. 

Michael Joseph Healey. — The third of 
the "Emmets" to receive ocean burial, 
lie died just as the vessel was nearing 
the long-desired shores. Dying on the 
,^ist of August, there was only a brief 
interval between his death and the 
Committing of his body to the waves. 
He was l)orn in Castle Island, County 
Kerr\-. Ireland, in 1875, hence was only 
t\vent\-three }-ears old when he <Iied. 
His father, l^dward, is still lix'ing in 
the old home, in this countr)- he is 
sin-\i\ed b}- se\eral sisters and broth- 
ers. He came to New York city when 
sixteen years old and worked there for 
a wdiilc, coming to Worcester after 
aboiU two }-ears. Here he worked as 
a moulder and, at the time of his en- 
listment, was employed at E. B. 
I'ierce's foundry. His home was with 
his sister, Mrs. P. F. Lawler, on Sham- 
rock Street, and during his last winter 
he had been a pupil in llie Shrewsbury 
Street evening school, umler the care 
of that \eteran teacher, William ]. 
Fallon. 

Joseph .M. Coffee. — ( )f this man, who 
was a recruit to the Company, there are 
\'er\- fe\v data extant. It would 



EM.MKT CfARDS, COMrAXV G. 



293 



appear that lie was horn in W-w Ha- 
ven, Conn., apparently of Irish uarenl- 
age, and that he had worked in Wor- 
cester for several years Ijefore his en- 
listment. His family affiliation, how- 
e\er. seemed to lay hold on New llrit- 
ain. Conn., for there his hodv was 
taken for burial. He boarded on Thom- 
as Street for some time, and, on hav- 
ing his life insured, he had the pol- 
icy made payable to his boarding mis- 
tress rather than to his immediate rel- 
atives. Indeed, it is claimed after his 
death, a brother-in-law came to Wor- 
cester endeavoring to secure the re- 
sults of the insm-ance, but did not suc- 



CnrpMi'al John l'"rancis lloran was 
born in Abbeyleale. County LJmerick, 
Ireland, son of Michael and Catherine 
(Wright) Horan, who arc still living 
in the old home. He came to America 
in 1880, and was a brother of First Ser- 
geant ^I. J. Horan. He never attended 
anv of the schools in this country. He 
was a single man. and by trade was a 
mason, an occupation which was 
shared by his three brothers. He had 
Iieen a foreman in the employ of Con- 
tractor Henry Mellen for a number of 
years: he was prominent in the Brick- 
layers' I'nion and had represented his 
local bod\- as a deleyate in Chicago and 




■MoxiAUK" \cii.r.\ri;KK 



ceed. Coffee was employed as a wire 
goods maker at the time Sergeant Cor- 
liss returned home for recruits, and he 
became one of those who were to raise 
the Company to the maximum. Re- 
turning witli the Sergeant, when the 
new men went down to Camp Alger, 
he partook of the experience of the re- 
cruits, going with them to Camp 
Meade in Pennsylvania, where, at- 
tacked by typhoid fever, he died Sept. 
5, just after the return of the "Em- 
mets" to Worcester. At the expense 
of the Commonwealth, assisted by the 
honorarv corps of the "Emmets," the 
bodv of' Private Coft'ee was carried to 
New Britain for burial, and it lies now 
in St. Marv's Cemeterv. 



Peoria. He was also a member of 
the .\. ( ). II.. everywhere consjMCUOUs 
for his readiness and faithfulness. He 
was one of the oldest and most faithful 
members of the "Emmets." He had 
belonged more than ten years, joining 
about the time the Company went into 
the militia. He had, on a previous en- 
listment, worked himself up to the first 
sergeancy. On going in again, he 
had given the same care and interest 
as of old. He had a hard experience in 
Cuba, going to the hospital there, and 
the trip home on the Allegheny was 
anything but helpful. .\t Montauk he 
failed till death came to his release, 
Sept. 9. though the announcement of 
his departure was a surprise to his im- 



294 



WORCESTER IN" THE SPANISH WAR. 



mediate friends. His Ixxly is buried 
ill .St. jdlm's C"emeter\'. 

John ['"raneis Kee^an was a W'or- 
cester hoy, l)orn in this eity Xov. 2, 
1872. son of John and Mar^- (()'Coii- 
nor) Keetjan. His father, a veteran of 
tlie Ci\'il War, lia\-in,q- served in the 
navy, is a nieni!)er of Post 10, and 
resides on Water Street. As a school 
boy, he attended the institutions on 
Ash and Ledge streets, in the lattei 
place being under the care of Master 
E. E. Thompson. He left school after 
completing the ninth grade. His father 
was a moulder by trade and the boy 
took up the same occu|)ation, and 
\vorked with the father in Colvin's 
foundry on Assonet .Street. He was an 
active luember in l-'ather Alathew's 
Temperance Society and, in the best 
days of the St. John's Cadets, he was 
one of the most active and interested 
members. Xaturally, when the call to 
arms came he was read}- ti.i respond, 
and, with the other boys, he marched 
awav. His brother, Thomas, also en- 
listed, going into the _'d L'. S. Artillerv, 
being one of the tii\st recruits for 
the regidar army sent away from 
the city. .\s a ^olllie^. in camp and 
field, h,- (lid his duty imcom])lainingly, 
anil wrote cheerful letters to his Wor- 
cester home. Throughout the Cuban 
campaign he was alert and well, but he 
succumbed to the rigors of the trans- 
port and Cam|) WikofT. .\t the last 
moment, his father went down to the 
camp, only to receive the dead body 
of his son, he having .lied on the Qth 
of Sei)teniber. of tvi)hoid pneumonia. 
I'.otli Honin and Keegan were buried 
Ironi St. John's Church on the same 
day, the i.^th. Keegan at o'clock and 
Horan at 10, and the bodies of both 
rest in St. John's Ct'inetery. 

James l-'rancis McTiernan. — Septem- 
ber's death record for the "Emmets" 
was a he,i\\ one, since no less than 
five of tin- nun passed on between the 
5th and the J31I1 of the month, and all 
of them, except C/offee, at Montauk. 
The fomnh in September's list, the 
15th, was McTiernan, a young man of 
Worcester birth, the son of James and 
Mari,Mret (Mcl)ermott) McTiernan, 



of whom the father survives. As a 
school boy he went with his fellows 
to Ledge Street, and was another pupil 
of Master Thompson to don the blue 
and follow the flag. At the time of his 
enlistment, he was a mason's appren- 
tice. When his body was brought back 
to Worcester, the friends of the 
family had an opportunit\- to \iew the 
same at the home on Coral Street, 
whence it was taken to St. Stephen's 
for the last rites of the church, ac- 
companied by a representation of "Etn- 
mets," active and honorarv. The 
eulogy of the Rev. D. F. McGillicuddy 
was specially touching and impressive. 
Over the grave, three volleys were 
fired in honor of the ileparted soldier, 
and, after "ta|is" by the bugler, the 
friends turned homeward, leaving in 
his grave one more memorial of man's 
sacrifice for man. 

John James Crea\en. — The ele^•enth 
death in the Com]ian}' was that of 
Creaven, -whose earthl\- journe)" ended 
at Alontauk on the 25th. The soldier 
was a native of Ireland and was about 
thirty years of age. His parents were 
John and Ellen (King), of whom the 
mother is yet living in Ireland. 
In 1885 Creaven came to this country, 
landing in Portland, Me., but he soon 
found his wa\ to Worcester, where he 
entered the employ of Washburn & 
Moen as wire-drawer, and. as such, 
continued till he went to Camp Dewey. 
Of his immediate family only his 
brother Patrick livetl in this city, 
though a cousin, Patrick h'eeney, lived 
on Millbury Street, from whose h<ime 
the burial was had. Early after his 
Coming to Worcester he associated 
himself witli several of the Irish Catho- 
lic organizations, and was proininent 
in the .\. ( ). H. and the Catholic Asso- 
ciates. He had been a member of the 
"Emmets" three years, and was one of 
the first to indicate his readiness to 
volunteer for the campaign. His army 
life was all right till about three weeks 
bt'fore the leaxing of Cuba, when he 
was stricken with malaria and had to 
go to the hospital. Recovering some- 
what, he boarded the Allegheny with 
his comrades, but on reaching Mon- 



-.rARDS, CdMPAW r.. 



296 



tank lu- a.uaiii went to \.hv hospital, 
whidi he did not leave in life. Over 
his remains impressive services were 
held in St. John's Church, the words of 
the Rev. Mg^r. drififin heinc; particular- 
ly fitting. .At. St. John's Cemetery the 
last chapter in this life history was had 
with the flag, volleys of musketry and 
"taps" in the presence of many hun- 
dreds of interested spectators. 

John Edward Casev. — Though he 
was the first member of the Company to 
receive his discharge. Private Casey did 
not come home to become a healtliv. 



vicissitudes of the Cuh;in service wore 
upon him so nuich that his friends 
solicited and secured for him a dis- 
charge, thinking iiim better employed at 
home than in a foreign land. The burial, 
in St. Jolui's Cemetery, was from the 
Church of the Sacred Heart, Wednes- 
day. Jan. Tid, lyoo, at nine o'clock a.m. 
Over the gra\e liis comrades tired three 
volleys and the bugles sounded "taps." 

Walter .Allen. — One of the recruits 
secured liy Sergeant Corliss was a 
young wire-worker from South Wor- 
cester, thousih in hi- earlier i!a\'; he had 




IKirll -Md.NTArK" 

robust worker, for the hardships of 
the campaign wore upon him till, bereft 
of his reason, he was taken to the Lu- 
natic Hospital, where, Dec. 31, 1899, he 
died. He was born in County Kerry. 
Ireland, Nov. 18, t866, the son of 
Michael and Catherine (Brosnihan) 
Casey. Bv occupation he was a team- 
ster, but he threw up his employment 
that he might go with younger men to 
the war, though in doing so he left si.x 
children and their mother, who before 
lier marriage was Catherine Gleeson. 
He was the first and only man hit by a 
hostile missile in the company, and the 



Dr. Peter O. Shea. 
T-.ltc .'\ssl. Suri;., gth M . 
\(lI.rNTKKRS. 



worked in the carjiet mills, for winch 
this locality is noted. He was a native 
of England, born in Twerton-on-Avon, 
near Bath, October 28, 1877. How- 
ever, onl\- his earliest boyhood was 
spent there, for in 1881 he came to 
.America, where the father had already 
C')me with an older Ijrother. He was 
the voungest child of George and Em- 
ma (Schofield) Allen, the last of a nu- 
merous group of sons and only one 
daughter? :\Irs. Edward Lever of South- 
cjate Street. After a residence in 
Thompsonville. Conn., the family came 
to \\'orcester, and Walter's schooling 



296 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



was had in Cambridge Street, principal- 
Iv iiiKler the care of Miss Ellen M. Boy- 
den He was employed at the Grove 
Street mills when the war fever struck 
him. and his experience in the "Em- 
mets" only served to increase its 
streng-th. After his discharge he worked 
for a short time in the Grove Street 
works, but after a few months re-enlisted 
in the 9th U. S. Infantry and was with 
his regiment when it went to Pekin, 
though before that he had had his expe- 
rience in the Philippines. He died of 
chronic dysentery Nov. 5,i900,in Pekin, 
and his body was brought home for 
burial May 29th, 1901. With funeral 
services from Hope Church, it was 
buried in Hupe Cemetery. It was a 
sad acconi|ianiment of his body's return 
that, on the very day of its coming, his 
mother was stricken with paralysis, and 
from the stroke she never rallied. 

Peter H. Bennett. — Another recruit 
who did not see Cuba, yet was willing to 
enlist for that purpose, was Bennett, 
who. the son of Patrick and Elizabeth 
(Herald) Bennett, was born in Worces- 
ter, and here his life was spent, except 
for that portion passed in the armv. He 
died of consiunption Jn'H' 24, 1902, and 
was buried in St. John's Cemetery. By 
trade he was a metal polisher and was 
a member of the union of that occupa- 
tion. A sister, Susan, is Mrs. Theodore 
.St. George of Brooks Station, town of 
Princeton. :\t his death he was aged 
29 vear^. d nn mihs and 26 days. 

David James Kennedy. — The third 
among the "Emmet" recruits to get his 
final muster-out was the subject of this 
sketch. He was born in Hardwick, 
Mass.. a son of David and Catherine 
(Cronin )Kennedy.andin that township 
passed his earlier days. In Worcester 
his employment was that of a shipper, 
and in that cap.icity he was with Clark, 
Sawyer Co. when he enlisted. He, too, 
did not get army enough in his brief 
experience of 189S, so like Allen he 
went into the '){h I'. S. Infantry, enlist- 
ing Jan. 14, \^<)'). and there gained a 
wide knowledge of what real war is. In 
the I'hilippines he fought in many 
battles and, when tlie war in China 
Ijroke nut, he acciinip;inied his regiment. 



At Tien Tsin. July 13. 1900, where his 
colonel was killed, he received a severe 
wound in the groin. Through conse- 
quent disability he was discharged Oct. 
22, 1900. His death was on July 2, 1903, 
and his body lie.^ in St. John's Ceme- 
tery. A brother of the deceased soldier 
is Patrick Kennedy, foreman in (^. B. 
Wood's printing establishment mi Fos- 
ter Street. 

\\'illiam H. Alurphy.— The latest 
"Emmet" to receive tinal muster-out 
was voung Murphy, than whom there 
was no stronger, more athletic soldier 
when the Company marched away, but 
the seeds of disease were sown during 
the campaign, and, though he survived 
the return fully six years, it was only 
to fall at last. The record in \\'orces- 
ter's City Hall says that he died of tu- 
berculosis, but malaria, acquired in 
Cuba, was the provoking cause. On 
his return, he became a conductor on 
the street railway, and there continued 
till illness compelled him to go to Col- 
orado, where lie remained something 
more than a year and a half. On his 
return, still ailing, he was unable to 
wcirk. and finally went to Rutland for 
the beiielits of its altitude and clear 
air; but it was in vain, for October 12, 
1904, he died at the Highland View 
House. He was born in Worcester. 
April 19, 1879. the son of John and 
Ellen (O'Brien) Murphy. His school 
(lavs were spent at the Thomas Street 
building, supplemented by a course in 
a business college. -\b<iut the time he 
had finished the latter, the Spanish 
War began, and an Irish lioy, born on 
the anniversary of Lexington's great 
day, could do no less than enlist. His 
brother Frank also was a soldier, now 
serving a second term in the regulars. 
Our subject was a member of E. R. 
Shunnvay Camp. Spanish War Veter- 
ans, an(K with delegations from the 
Camp and from the "Emmets," mili- 
tary honors were accorded his remains, 
which were buried from St. Peter's 
Church. ( )ctober 14, in St. John's Cem- 
etery. 

Timothy J. Ahern. — "The latest to 
die" has already been written of Wil- 
liam H. Murphy, but delay in publish- 
ing the Ijook admits of a repetition of 



K.MMKT GUARDS, COMPANY G. 



297 



the expression, since March 9,1905, the 
first name on the roll of the " Emmets" 
was starred. On that day the soldier 
who had warred against disease ever 
since his retnrn from the service, 
passed over to rest on the other side 
of the river at the age of 31 years, i 
month and 3 days. His residence was 
at 33 \^'ard Street, where his widow 
and two children, a boy and girl, are 
left to lament the going of husband 
and father. He was born in Ireland, 



Tiuttcrhn. County Cork, where his 
[)arcnts and two brothers survive him 
with three sisters in this country. He 
came to America in 1S96, and was a 
machinist by trade. The maiden name 
of his widow was Rridget Devine. 
The funeral, from St. John's Church, 
Saturday, the nth, was attended by 
many of his comrades, and the bodj' 
was buried in St. John's Cemeter}^ 
where so many of the "Emmets" lie. 



AT PRESENT. 



The following list contains the 
names of all survivors of Company G, 
their present addresses and vocations 
as far as the same liave been found. 
Unless otherwise stated, the State is 
Massachusetts, the place Worcester: 



Captain Jeremiah J. ^loynihan, police- 
man. 

First Lieutenant John F. Hurley, 
Health Department. 

Second Lieutenant William E. ^Ic- 
Cann, clerk. 

Sergeant Michael J. Horan, mason. 

Sergeant John J. Corliss, druggist. 

Sergeant William F. Casey, plumber. 

Sergeant Patrick J. Moynihan, insur- 
ance, councilman. 

Sergeant Charles J. Degnan. mattress- 
maker. 

Sergeant Michael J. McCartin, con- 
ductor. 

Corporal Thomas F. Lavin. machinist. 

Corporal James F. King, wire-drawer. 

Corporal John T. Green, coremaker. 

Corporal Frank H. Doran. moulder. 

Musician Nicholas J. Skerrett, re- 
porter. 

Musician James A. G. Casey, moulder. 

Musician Peter F. Sullivan, ticket 
agent. 

Artificer Patrick J. Sulli\-an, fireman. 

Edward R. Barker, draughtsman. 

James M. Barrett, plumber. 

]\Iichael C. Brophy. clerk. 

David J. Burke, shipper, Holyoke. 

Timothy J. Burns, U. S. Army. 

James F. Connolly, shoemaker. 

Charles S. Corcoran, engineer, St. 
John, N. B. 



Michael J. Delaney, insurance. 

Dennis J. Doyle, electrician. 

Frank P. Doyle, motorman. 

John Farrcll, coachman. 

John J. Fitzgerald, letter-carrier. 

[ohn E. Filz])atrick. conductor. \\'el- 

lesley Hills. 
Michael J. b'lynn, brewer. 
John E. Fogerty, moulder. 
Frank P'orrest, U. S. .\rmy. 
Daniel Gardner, machinist. 
Michael F. Garrett, helper. 
John J. Gilchrist, U. S. Army. 
William F. Gilmore. wireworker. 
John T. (ireen, coreiuaker. 
Henry Griftin, barber. 
Michael J. Grogan, driver. 
Michael J. (iully, brakeman. 
Edward F. Hackett. policeman. 
Michael L. Hoar, janitor. 
Frank E. Joyce, motorman. 
Charles E. Kenney. mason. 
John Larkin, motorman. 
James F. Earner, steamfitter. 
Frank C. Leonard, moulder. 
John J. Loftus, mason. 
Edward H. Lyons, driver. 
Tames I. McGrath, moulder. 
Hugh NicGuire, mason. 
Henry J. Martin, machinist. 
Edward Murphy, driver. 
John F. Murphy, reporter, Chicago, 111. 
Timothy J. O'Brien, mason. 
John H. 6'CaIlaghan, steamfitter. 
Daniel W. O'Connor. U. S. Army. 
Patrick J. O'Keefe. letter carrier. 
.Vnthony J. Prendergast. moulder. 
Patrick J. Prendiville. steamfitter. 
Robert H. Rooney, moulder, N. J. 
Patrick J. Scully, clerk. 
Edward F. Steele, roofer. 



298 WdKCESTF.R IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

jrihn H. Svveencv, electrician. Thomas F. KcUaher, steanifitter; lias 
Henrv 1'. Tracy, harljer, Clintcin. Ijeen in U.S.A. 

Michael F. Bradshaw, laborer. Thomas J. Kelleher, policeman. 

James M. Carberr^-, electrician. Thomas B. Kelley, salesman. 

James F. Carey, beltmaker. John J. Larkin. pressman. 

John H. Carroll, U.S.A. William M. Leonard, springmaker. 

Thomas V. Casey, waiter. John J. Martin, motorman. 

Frank H. Connolly, mason ; has been Gerald F. iMcGillicnddy, buffer. 

in U. S. Marines. Laurence .V. ( )'Sulli\-an, wood 
Michael H. Conroy. niachini.--t. worker. 

Hanicl 1'.. Lrnnin. iilunilier, Xir^inia. James h". Lower, lithotrrapher. 

.\rthur L. D.'sautelle. CDiik. Bostdu. Richard H. Lowers, teamster. 

Thomas I'~(_)lev, plumber. Charles F. Rice, woodworker. 

Patrick J. Fleming-. l'.S..\. \\'illiam J. Riley, clerk, Boston. 

Stephen F. Ha,e:g■ert^■, U..S..\. Arioul A. Shejiardson, wireworkei, 
Timothy J. Hurley, machinist. Clinton. 

Maurice A. Keane. brewer. Patrick F. Shea, waiter. 



MusTER-ix Roll of Comi'axv G, qth Regiment of Infantry, ;\L\ssa- 

CIirSETTS \'oLUNTEERS, IN THE SeR\'ICE OF THE UnITED St.\TES, FOR Two 

Years from May ii, i8g8, rxLESS Sooner Disch.xrged. 

[ TIk- (l.-ita. in nnk-r. cover rank, name, age, birthiilace and iicciipation.] 

CAPT.MN. James F. King, 33, Montreal, Canada, 

- ■ , T ^^ -1 T--U screw-cutter. 

Jerennah J. Movmlian. 3.V Kdlarney, ,^,^_^ ^ j_j,^^.^^^^ ^.^ Limerick, Ire., 

Ire., ixiliceman. 

' mason. 

FIRST LiELTEX-VNT. Joliti T. (irceu, J3, Worcester. core- 
John F. Hurlev, ^7. Worcester, liealth Frank H'Doran,2r,. W^3rcester,mouldcr. 
inspector. 

second LIEUrEN,\NT. MUSKI.\NS. 

\\-illiam F. .McCann, 42. W..rcester, J^"'^'^ -^^ '■■ ^a^ey, 24, W.>rcester, 

lather. moulder, 

Nichiilas J. Skerrett, 21, Worcester, re- 

SERCEANTS. ]iorter. 

Michael J. Hnran. 27, Limerick, Ire., ^'^'ter F .Sullivan, 27, Kerry, Ire., news- 

' dealer. 
masOiL 

John J. Corliss, 2S. Worcester, con- artificer. 

tractor. 

William h". Casey, 2y, Worcester, Patrick J. Sullivan, 31, Kerry, Ire., fire- 

])hmil)er. man. 
Patrick J. Moynihan, 32, Killarney, Ire., 

ck-rk. wagoner. 

Charles L neuiK.n. 24, I'ldinburijh, Sc >t- ^ , t- .-• i- i . 

, ; . 1 John E. Casev. y. kerrv. Ire., team- 

aiid, maliress-niaker. ■ ^l ', , r 1 ' 00 

Michael J. .McLartni. 26, Lethrem, 

Ire., polisher. 

' PRIV.VTES. 

CORPORALS. Ahern, Timothy J.. 24. Cork, Ire., ma- 
John D. McSweeney, 24, Kerry, Ire., chinist. 

teamster. Parker, I':dward R.. 21, I-'ramingham, 

Thos. F. Lavin. 20, Worcester, spinner. draughtsman. 



EMMET CfARDS, COMTAW C. 



299 



Barrett, James AL. 2'k Worccsu-r, 
plumber. 

Brophy, Michael C. 26. Killarnoy, Iri.-., 
teamster. 

Brosnan. George \\'.. 20, Xew York. 
X. v., pressman. 

Burke, David J.. 23. Worcester, team- 
ster. 

Burns, Timothy J., 23, W'orcestci , 
grocer. 

Connelly, James 1-"., 34. Lowell, shoe- 
maker. 

Corcoran, Charles S., 20, Kings Co., 
Nova Scotia, engineer. 

Creaven, John }.. 30, Galway, Ire., wire- 
worker. 

Delaney, Michael J., 21, Worcester, 
bookkeeper. 

Doyle. Dennis J.. 24. Kerry, Ire., team- 
ster. 

Doyle, Frank P., 26, Kerry, Ire., mat- 
tress-maker. 

Farrell, John, 24. Roscommon, Ire., 
moulder. 

Fitzgerald. John J., 2T,. \\'orcester, 
plumber. 

Fitzpatrick, John E., 21, Alilfonl, pho- 
tographer. 

Flynn, Michael J.. 24, Kerry, Ire., clerk. 

Fogerty, John E., 22, Holyoke, moulder. 

Forrest, Frank. 25, Worcester, laborer. 

Gardner, Daniel, 26, Killarney, Ire., 
laborer. 

Garrett. Michael F., 22. Waterford, Ire. 
steam-fitter. 

Gilchrist, John J., 23, Worcester, laborer. 

Gilmore, William F.. 26, Worcester, 
laborer. 

Griffin, Henry, 30, Limerick, Ire., ma- 
chinist. 

Grogan. Michael J.. 28, Worcester, 
buffer. 

Gullv, Michael J.. 24, Worcester, pol- 
isher. 

Hackett, Edward F., 20, Worcester, 
painter. 

Healy, Michael J., 24, Kerry, Ire., 
laborer. 

Hoar. :\Iichael L., 31, Worcester, in- 
spector. 

Joyce, Frank E., 22, Worcester, motor- 
man. 
Keegan, John F., 25. Worcester, 
moulder. 



Kenney. Charles E., 21, Worcester, 
mason. 

Larkin, John, jy. i-'itciiburg, stage man- 
ager. 

Larner, James I-'., 21, Worcester, steam- 
fitter. 

Leonard, I'rank C, 23, Leicester, 
moulder. 

Loftns. John J.. 2^. Mayo, Ire., wire- 
wi )rker. 

Lyons, luhvard 11.. 2:. 'rii)i)erary. Ire., 
plumber. 

Mcfirath, James J., 2_^. Waterford. Ire., 
machinist. 

Mc(iuire. Hugh, 26, Latcrim, Ire., 
mason. 

McMami. Charles, 21, Cnderhill, Vt., 
school teacher. 

McTiernan, James F., 22, Worcester, 
lamp-lighter. 

Martin, lienrv I.. 28. Worcester, pol- 
isher. 

.\lurpiiy, l-'.dward !•"., 23, Spencer, shoe- 
cutter. 

Murphy. John F.. 22. Worcester, re- 
porter. 

r^Iurphy, William II.. 20. Worcester, 
teamster. 

O'Brien, Timothy J., T(), Worcester, 
wood-worker. 

O'Callasrhan. John TL. T,rK Troy, X. V., 
steamfitter. 

O'Connor, Daniel W., 23. Grafton, 
wire-worker. 

O'Kecfe, Patrick J.. 33. Grafton, letter 
carrier. 

Prendertrast..\nthony T.. 2_i,. Mayo. Ire., 
moulder. 

I'rendiville. Patrick J.. 2^. Palmer, 
steamfitter. 

Rooney, RoI)ert IL, 27,, Worcester, 
moulder. 

Scully. Patrick J., 25, Worcester, drug- 
gist. 

Steele, Edward F., 23, Worcester, roofe . 

Sullivan, lulward F., 24. Shrewsburv, 
thread-winder. 

Sullivan. Henry, 2^. Winchendon. mat- 
tress-maker. 

Sullivan, Peter F. 

Sweeney, John H., 20, Worcester, con- 
ductor. 

Tracy, Henry P., 26, Boylston, barber. 



300 WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 

Recruits to Company "G" who were Haggerty. Stephen F., 20, Worcester, 

mustered in July 1st and 12th, 1898, for waiter, 

three vears, etc.; and were mustered our Hurley, Tmiothy J., 24, Worcester, 

with tile Company in November fohow- teamster. _ 

Keane. Maurice A., 21, Kerr> . ire, 

'"^'- laborer. 

.„ ,, Kellev, Thos. B., 20. Worcester, clerk. 

Allen, Walter_,2i,Thompsonville, Conn., Kellaher, Thomas F.. 21, Worcester, 

wire-worker. spoke-maker. 

Bennett, Peter H., 24, Worcester, buffer. i^^.i]ei,(.r Thomas T., 28, Kerry, Ire., 

Bradshaw, :\lichacl F., 26, Worcester, painter. 

machinist. Kennedy, David J., 33. Hardwick, ship- 

Carberry, James AI., 25, Worcester, ma- pj^^^g. ^lerk. 

cbinist. Larkin.Tohn J., 23, Worcester, armorer. 

Carey, James F., 21, Waterford, Ire., Leonard, Williain AL, 25, Worcester, 

belt-maker. . currier. 

Carroll, John II., 21, Worcester, lal>..rer. ]\ieGillicuddv, Gerald F., 23, Worcester, 

Casey, Thomas V., 23, Asht<>n, K. I., skate-maker. 

barber. Martin, John T.. 28, Paxton, laborer. 

Coffey, Joseph M., 24, New Haven, Q'Sullivan, Laurence A., 25, Worcester, 

Conn., japanner. piano polisher. 

Connolly, Frank H., 38, Lowell, stone- Power, Limes F., iQ, Worcester, case 

mason. hardener. 

Conr.iy, Michael II., 22. Worcester, ma- po^vers, Richard IL, 2J. Detroit, [Mich., 

chinist. cook. 

Crunin, Daniel F., 24, Worcester, pi^-^^._ Charles F., 2^^. Worcester, wood- 
plumber, worker. 

Desautelle, Arthur L., 32, St. John, Rik-y, William J., 25, Worcester, book- 
Canada, cook. keeper. 

Flcmin-, Patrick J., 21, Waterford, Ire., Shea, Patrick F., 21, Kerry, Ire., buffer, 

spinner. Sliepardson, Aridul A., 25, Worcester, 

Fdlev, Thomas, 23, Worcester, plunil)er. mechanic. 



ICMMICT GUARDS, COMPANY C, 



301 



THE EMMET HOXORARTES. 



Almost coincident with the sound of 
war's alarms, came the increased activ- 
ity of the band of men who for years 
had acted as friends in need of the cit- 
izen soldiers. They had aided in the 
payment of extra bills when necessary, 
they had helped out im anniversary 
and public occasions, but now the time 
was approaching when they must 
stand in the breaches develo])ed by the 
departure of the active company for 
the front. 

The honorary records for this pe- 
riod, in the handwriting of the Sec- 
retary, William J. Tansey, give a 
graphic picture of the disposition of 
these friends of the soldier when he 
was called to leave his home and re- 
sponsibilities. The first date in the 
volume is that of March 31, when at 
9 p.m.. apparently in the Armory, the 
assembly was called to order by 
Captain !Moynihan : John J- Riordan 
was made temporarjr chairman, and 
\A'illiam J. Tansey secretary pro tem. 
Later the same officers were made 
permanent with the addition of Dr. 
(ieorge McAleer, vice-president; Lieu- 
tenant James Early, treasurer. Di- 
rectors were also appointed in the per- 
sons of Richard O'Flynn. J. F. Fitz- 
gerald. Paul Henry, J. Frank Ouinn, 
and Philip J. O'Connell. An assess- 
ment of five dollars on each member 
gave an air of earnestness to the occa- 
sion. 

The next meeting was on the eve of 
dejiarture. viz.. Alay 3d, when it was 
voted that the honoraries should turn 
out to do escort duty on the Com- 
pany's going to Framingham. the next 
day. A tribute to the services of Col. 
F. W. Wellington, in the addition 
of the "Emmets" to the State militia, 
was paid in the proposition that he 
should be the chief marshal in the 
parade. This proposition on the part 
of Lieutenant Early met the the ap- 
proval of all. Captain Moynihan was 
received and spoke on the coming 
ordeal, as also did Lieutenant Hurley. 



Jeremiah .Murphy told of the Civil 
War days and of the probable demands 
to be made on the health and energy 
of the men. 

Later in the evening. Colonel Wel- 
lington came in and spoke of the in- 
terest he had ever had in the "Em- 
mets." On the motion of Mr. David 
Goggin a Relief Committee to look 
out for the families of departing sol- 
diers was appointed, consisting of M. 
B. Lamb, David Goggin, J. H. Mur- 
phy. W. H. Toner and \\'. J. Tansey. 
The president of the honoraries, Mr. 
Riordan, was added as chairman ex- 
ofificio of the committee. 

The honoraries did escort duty as 
contemplated, but they did not meet 
again till the very last morning in the 
month, when they came together in 
the council chamber of the City Hall, 
their mission to determine in what 
manner the passage of the Companj' 
through the city should be observed, 
and it was voted to give the boys 
money rather than a lunch. On the 
motion of Dr. George .Mc.Meer, sec- 
onded by Mr. Richard Healy, it was 
voted that a subscrijition paper be cir- 
culated then and there, with tlic result 
that $250 was raised at once, the list 
being headed Ijy the name of Mr. 
Healy with the siuu of one hundred 
dollars affixed ; nor did generosity end 
here. for. through the passing of a hat, 
twelve dollars was secured for the 
procuring of pipes and tol^acco for the 
"boys." Then, beyond all this, the or- 
ganization assessed itself five dollars 
per ca])ita for the good of the soldiers 
and their dependencies. 

Thenceforward the records of the 
honoraries are really those of the Re- 
lief Committee, which for the most 
part met in the music store of Mr. M. 
B. Lamb, and at frecpient intervals. 
Anv one contributing five dollars or 
more to the relief fund was voted an 
honorary member of the corps. As a 
starter in the matter of giving, one 
hundred dollars was voted to the \'o\- 



302 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




Wm. J. lANSKV. I'ATKUK J. .Ml MaMS. 

THE "AlnXTArK" COMMIT 

unteer Aid Society; at the saiiK- time. a 
vig-ilant eye was kept u|Hin tlie wants 
and needs of the '■luiunet" families. 
such action beinfr taken i in jnne 1st. 
One week from tliat (kite, cuntriliu- 
tions toward the fimd amounted tn 
$714, in which were not inchided the 
loans of carrias,res, etc.. in the raisins; 
of the foregoin.q' sum. thanks f<ir the 
same going to Mr. Jnhn 1'. McDonnell 
for his generosity in this directinn. 
The records for several weeks were for 
the most part statements of relief af- 
forded to different families. 

In Jtdy the committee aided in the 
success of the famous lawn ])arty 
given l)v the Ladies' Au.xiliary. and in 
nian\- ways contributed to the well- 
being of people who otherwise had 
suffered. In .\ugust came the services 
of the Corps in securing ])roper ob- 
servance of soldiers' fimerals, thence- 
forward to be entirely too frequent. 
The arrival of the "Emmets" at Mon- 
taid< brought comparatively near the 
Committee the chief cause of its e.xist- 



J. J. KI..KI.AN. M. B. I.AMB. 

TEE, ■■EM.MET" HONOR. \R1ES. 

ence. and nex'er for a moment was 
there an\- abatement of eft'ort to hel]) 
and forward their interests. Arrange- 
ments for the proper reception of the 
C'oni]iany, the dis|3osal of territory for 
\olunteer physicians and nurses, and 
man\' other items were all considered 
and acted upon by this same commit- 
tee. The visit of the committee to 
.Montauk gave to it for war annals the 
a])pellation of the "Montauk Commit- 
tee." Septendjer ist, Katharine John- 
son had vohmteered to act as a nurse, 
and hers is the first name on the list. 

.At subse(.|uent meetings there were 
conferences with the physicians who 
had \-olunteered to help the soldiers on 
their arrival in Worcester, and the 
names of additional nurses were re- 
cei\ed. Later there were votes to send 
lloral tributes to the funerals of de- 
ceased soldiers and to designate rep- 
resentatives of the corps to attend in 
])erson. .-\s time advanced, after the 
return of the men. meetings assumed 
rathertheformofapproving and paying 



EMMh:T r.rAKDS, COMI'AW G. 



303 




Dr. Wm. J. Uelahantv. 

VOLUNTEER I'lIYSICIAXS AT MONTAL'K. 



bills, which were mnnermis. fur wlmse 
defrayal there always seeiiiecl to be 
enough. Xovember 25 was nearing 
the end of the many assemblages of 
the committee. At this one Presi- 
dent Riordan stated that they had met 
once a week ever since their organiza- 
tion, and during the stay of the Com- 
pany at Montaiik, every night, and 
that to the best of their ability they 
had discharged the duties laid ujjon 
them. At this time gratitude was ex- 
pressed to the many persons and or- 
ganizations that had contributed to 
the success of their work. In this list 
were included the names of Senator 
George F. Hoar. Rev. Father D. F. 



.McC.illicuddy. Colonel F. W. Welling- 
tcm. .Martin H. Russell, who went to 
Montauk to rejirescnt the committee, 
and finally to all who Itad in anv way 
contributed to the good work. Messrs. 
T. J. McAnliffe. J.\|. .Moynihan. J. J. 
Riordan and William J. Tansey were 
a|)pointed a sub-committee to see 
about ])lacing in the .Armory a tablet 
bearing the names of those who had 
died during the war. a consummation 
not as yet attained. The memorial 
services, held in St. John's Church, 
February 22d, 1899. were under the 
auspices of the committee and were of 
a fitting character. The last meeting 
recorded in the annals bears date June 



304 



WiiKCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



12. 1900, and therein we learn that 
from all SDurces the honoraries had 
collected $1427.65, and that there was 
a balance remaining of $191.76, which 
sum it was voted to turn into the treas- 
ury of the Honorary Corps. The final 
act in this chapter was the reading of 
a highl}' eulogistic stor\- of the ser- 
\ices to the cause of John J. Riordan, 
who had recently died. Xo one can 
tell how much his services during the 
trying period of the war ma}' have con- 



tributed to his untimely death. Dr. 
(ieorge .AIcAleer, the memorialist, ac- 
quitted himself most admirably, and 
never had reader a better subject. As 
a singular appendix to the foregoing, 
the secretary of the committee, Wil- 
liam J. Tansey, has also joined the 
great majority, and, with the "Em- 
mets" beyond, contemplates the lives 
and deeds of those still this side of the 
dix'ide. 



LADIES' AL'XILIARY TO THE EM.MET (lUARDS. 



True to their womanl\' natures, the 
lady friends of the "Emmets'" early 
united in an effort to make happier the 
lives of the men themselves, and, where 
necessar}', the homes that they had 
left. While many of the auxiliary were 
related to the soldiers, there were 
others \vhose sole interest in the cause 
arose from their innate desire to work 
for the cause of God and humanity. 
The work that these young women ac- 
complished in the few months of their 
organization was remarkable, and 
they fully merited the gratitude which 
every soldier felt towards thent. From 
the records of the secretary, it is pos- 
sible to glean certain interesting facts 
concerning their work in this summer 
of anxiety and grief. 

.Starling in June, 1898, it is stated 
that llie primary nbject of the organi- 
zation w.is Im make comfort bags and 
abd(jmin,il bands for the men at the 
front, furnishings for the hosi)ital 
shijis ;ind necessities for sick and 
womnKd soldiers. Meetings were 
held two i-\enings in the week at 98 
l-"ront .Street, in the Knights of Robert 
l''.niiint Mall. Three members, Mrs, 
!'. II. Mnrphy, .Mrs. J. E. Hurley and 
Mrs. I', j. .Moynihan, were designated 
to represent the auxiliary in the Sol- 
diers' Aid .\ssociation, whose object 
was the help of the soldier, irrespective 
of race or creed. These ladies spent 
a part of e;ich day at the rooms of the 
Soldiers' Aid. cutting, sewing, etc., 
until the \\orl< in hand was accom- 
])lislieil. The greater part of the mate- 
rial used In- the auxiliarv was fur- 



nished l)y the Soldiers' Aid, but the 
former gave thread, binding, buttons, 
tape and lalior for the articles made. 
The accomplishments of the organiza- 
tion in this line were seventy-seven 
abdominal bands, just the number of 
the original "Emmets ;" eighty com- 
fort bags, for the same company : 
twenty dozen sheets, for the hospital 
ships, twenty dozen pillow cases, and 
twentv-five mos(pulo nettings, also 
for the ships. 

W'ith this record of labor behind 
them, the auxiliary set about raising 
money for the soldiers and their fami- 
lies, for which purpose properly ar- 
ranged small books were given certain 
members for the entry of the names of 
givers. This was soon found to be a 
ver\- slow and humiliating system, 
since so many causes were afield that 
the returns in no way were equal to 
the elTort, though something more 
than eighty dollars was thus secured. 
That greater results might lie at- 
tained, feminine efifort was directed 
towards entertainments which might 
attract the public, and, under the guise 
of rendering an cfpiivalent for fimds 
received, gather larger sums of money 
for the cause. 

Xo military campaign was ever more 
carefull}- planned than that which re- 
sulted in the lawn party given on the 
grounds of St. Stephen's Church, July 
27th. \\'ith perfect weather and a 
generous, jjatriotic company, one even- 
ing's harvest garnered more than an 
all summer's canvass v/ould have pro- 
duced. There was entertainment for 



l'..M.MKT tU'AKD? 



305 




Miss Abbie I. Hi 



all. Both sexes and all a^es were 
equally cared for. There was fooil fur 
the mind and for the body, with di- 
versions for the eyes, ears, hands and 
feet. Evidently all had come to the 
festivities with the longest purses in 
their possessions, since the summing 
up of money received made a large 
average for all present. 

From 8 to g.30 o'clock p.m., there 
was a literary and musical entertain- 
ment in the church hall, wherein the 
musical parts were taken by Miss 
Madge Feehan, Mr. John Roberts. 
Miss Mary Lynch, Miss Alay Butler, 
?^Iiss Mary Cove. Mrs. William Hef- 
fren, and 5lr. John Reardon. Mr. Wil- 
liam Collins jjlayed the banjo, while 
Miss Margaret Sullivan and Harry 
Foley gave readings, every effort se- 
curing deserved applause. Then fol- 
lowed the terpsichorean diversion 
upon a platform under a pavilion, 
where, to the music of Coburn's or- 
chestra, the "light fantastic" was 
tripped till after 12.30 of the following 
morning; for did feet ever weary when 

"Music arose with its voluptuous swell"? 

There were some who did not care 
for the dancing, and for them there was 
prepared a hurdy-gurdy entertainment 
by certain misses in the guise of Ital- 
ian flower girls, as remote from the 
strains of the dance music as the 
grounds would permit. Then there 



was the White House Cafe Drum 
Corps, which ])ounded out most fitting 
martial music from their sheepskin 
covered instruments. Everywhere and 
at all times there were to be hail, for 
compensation, most excellent refresh- 
ments consisting of ice cream, cake. 
candy, lemonade, popcorn, all sorts of 
non-intoxicating beverages, souvenirs 
and flowers to the limit of every purse. 
as was evident in the grand summing 
u]), which netted $608.48. Seldom has 
labor been better rewarded than on 
this occasion. The result indicated 
not onlv the best of planning and ex- 
ecution, but also the most patriotic 
impulses on the i)art of those who at-- 
tended and so swelled the receijits. 

In the list of sub-connniltees might 
be found nearly every name in the 
auxiliarv. for it was evidently an as- 
sociation of workers, each one vying 
with her neighbor to do her utmost. 
The society's President was Miss 
Mary E. Fitzgerald : the Secretary. 
Miss Abbie I. Heffren. and the Treas- 
urer. Mrs. \\'illiam Goodwin. Thus 
excellently officered, tlie record of the 
organization was a proud one. The 
funds secured at the lawn part\- were 
disbursed as follows : to the Soldiers' 
Aid Society, $125: to the "Emmets" 
in Cuba, $100; to the recruits in Camp 
Alger, $50; to needy families, $56; the 
remainder was ])assed over to the 
Honorarv Corps for work among the 



306 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




Miss Anna M. 1)e 



ll.l'XTKKR XURSilS. 



lux'ily aii<l I itluTw'isc, acciirdin^- tn the 
C'lrps' ju(l<;nu-iU. ,\ftcr tlic rrtuni (if 
tin- .M)lilii-rs frdiii tlieir C nlian cam- 
]iaij;ii. certain ladies i if the nieiiilier- 
sliip jciineil in xisilin.i; the inxahils and 
re]Mirtin,L;- their conditinn tn the Siil- 
diers' Aid and to the Huntirarv Corps. 
For masses in l)ehalf of the men who 
dii'd, the au.xihary assumed the ex- 
pense ancl also attended the services. 

In their records the society names 
the ])arties who were conspicuous for 
their giving to the cause, and among 
them should he mentioned the Rev. 
Father Alcfiillicuddy of St. Stephen's 
Church, who donated the use cif the 
grounds fur the lawn party, as well as 



tables, church hall, dishes, etc.; Clark, 
Sawyer Co.. fur the loan of drinking 
glasses; Coburn's urchestra, for music; 
William J. Tansey, who gave the bev- 
erages fur the occasion; Washington 
Social Club, for decorations, and the 
Consolidated Street Railway, for ac- 
commodations. Xiir should the devo- 
tion of Messrs. John Foley and Timo- 
thy Sullivan be forgotten, since, on the 
night of the ]iarty, they hired a hurdy- 
gurdy and perambulated the streets 
till nearly midnight, thereby being 
able to turn over to the hands of the 
fair patriots above forty-five dollars 
to lielj) swell the net proceeds. From 
Jerome Marble & Co. they received a 



kmmi-:t cuards, company 



so- 




large nunil)i.T of spono'cs ti) he sent to 
the hoys in Camp Alg-er, P. J. Judge 
donated the printing incident to their 
canvassing books, while the Robert 
Emmet Hall was given by its 
Knightly occupants. Its work ac- 
complished, the auxiliary disl)andccl 
February 9th. 1899. 

For the sake of history and the in- 
terest in the story which must ever be 
fresh, the names of the members of the 
auxiliary are appended: Misses Lizzie 
Brosnan, Bridie and Katie Cahill, 
Minnie Carney, Mrs. Casavan. Mi.sses 
Mamie Casey, Teresa ClafTey. Katie 
Clemens, Jane Coligan, Jennie Connol- 
ly, Mrs. J. J. Corliss, Misses Katie 
Crowe, Mary Cullinane, Eunice Dar- 
ney, Mamie Deedy, Mary Degnan.Mrs. 
Jas. Degnan. Mrs. Frank Doyle. Mrs. 
N. Earle, Misses Mary E. Fitzgerald, 



Miss Alice C. McC,,,, nrv, 
: .NURSES. 

Josie Flynn. Kate. Margaret and Sarah 
Folan. Statia (Jarretl, Teresa Gilmore, 
Mrs. William Goodwin, Misses Mary 
Greene, Julia Ilackett, Josephine 
Hartnette, Abbie I. Hcfifren, Mrs. Wil- 
liam Hcfifren, Mrs. J. F. Hurley, 
Mi.sses Margaret Kiley, Nora Larkin, 
Katie and .Mary .\. Leonard, Mrs. 
James McGrath. .Misses Sarah Mc- 
f'artland. I'.llen McTiernan, Anna and 
.Mary .Mahony, ALirgaret and Teresa 
Martin, .Margaret .Vlillea, Kate and 
Mary Monahan, Mrs. P. J. ^[oynihan, 
Misses Julia, Kate and Margaret 
.Mnrjihy, .Mrs. P. H. Murphy, Misses 
Xellie C)"Toole, Mamie and Nellie 
Ru.ssell, .Margaret Scannell, Nellie 
Sheridan, Mary Sulli\an, Margaret 
Sweeney, Josie, -Maggie and Minnie 
Powers, ^Iinnie Thompson, Mrs. B. 
L. Troniblev and Miss .\Iarv Walsh. 



308 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



VOLUNTEERS' AID ASSOCIATION. 




Major E. T. Raymond. President. 

The (lei)arturc <if \Vorcester soldiers 
for the Smith, and the passage of those 
from other states through Worcester, 
early aroused her citizens to the neces- 
sity of raising funds for meeting ex- 
penses sure to arise in many ways not 
immediately provided for l)y the State 
and nation. In compliance with a call, 
the first meeting of citizens for organ- 
ization was in the Board of Trade 
Hall, at 8 p.m., May 27th, 1898. From 
this inception grew the association 
known as ahnve, wlidse ministrations, 
extending oxer more than five months, 
resulted in the collecting and expend- 
ing of ahove nine thousand dollars, 
thus conferring unnumbered blessings 
on homes and inclixiduals otherwise 
left to suffer. 

The associatiiin was officered as fol- 
lows: President. Major E. T. Ray- 
mond; \'ice-president. Rev. A. S. Car- 
ver; Secretary, Carl ISonney; Treas- 
urer, Halleck Bartlett, all of whom 
with the Hon. .Stephen Salisbury, Cen- 
eral A. 1'.. R. Sprague and Dr. T. J. 



Barrett, constituted an Executive Com- 
mittee. A Finance Committee was ap- 
]i(iiiited having a single representative 
friini each ward, as follows: Ward I, 
Frank F. Dean; ^^'ard 2. John J. Rior- 
dan ; Ward 3, \MlIiam F McFoughlin ; 
Ward 4. I'h'ilip J. (VConnell; ^^'ard 5, 
?ylatthew ]'.. Famb ; Ward 6, Colonel 
F. J. Russell ; Ward 7, Mayor Rufus B. 
Dodge, Jr.; \\'ard 8, R. James Tatinan. 
The Auditing Committee of three 
members comprised Messrs. Edwin 
Brown, James P. Hamilton and 
.Samuel E. \\'inslow. The Relief Com- 
mittee had four members from each 
ward and the people thus designated 
were: \\"aid I, Cajitain A. A. \\'hite, 
Charles F. Crant, Mrs. James Fogan, 
Mrs. Marv H. Burr; Ward 2, Captain 
P. F. Rider, J. B. Shattuck, IMrs. Chas. 
FF Pinkham, Mrs. F. \\'. Wellington; 
Ward 3, Julius C. Zaeder. James F. 
(iuerin. Aliss Frances ^F Athv, Miss 
Fvelvn Munn.e; Ward 4, A. A. Rheu- 
lan. Patrick ( )'Dav, ?ilrs. P. H. Mur- 
l.hv. Mrs. T. V. I'.ovle; Ward 3, J. B. 
Stnne. F. C). Dahlquist, Airs. Charles 
H. Hall, Miss I. M. Crompton ; Ward 
6, I. Swan Brciwn, David Goggin, Mrs. 
\Villiam F. Robinson, Mrs. E. I. Co- 
mins ; \\'ard 7, Richard Healy, Capt. 
Horace Hobbs, Mrs. H. A. Knowles, 
Mrs. R. B. Dodge. Jr. ; Ward 8, Fieu- 
tenant H. A. jcihn.son. General Josiah 
Pickett, Mrs." A. M. Parker, Miss 
I'" ranees M. Fincnln. 

The regular meetings of the associ- 
ation were held in the hall of the 
Board of Trade, such use having been 
generously donated through the Pres- 
ident, Mr. I. E. Comins, who was also 
the "at large" member of the Relief 
Committee. At the very first meeting 
after organization, June 3d, letters of- 
fering services and aid were received 
from several bodies, while the first 
gift in the way of material assistance 
came in the sha])e of a check for $100 
from the "Fniniet" honoraries. 



VOLUNTEERS AID ASSOCIATION. 



3(1'J 



June 71I1 the Relief Coniniittee met 
and org-anized with Miss Frances M. 
Lincoln as president, and Mrs. Charles 
H. Pinkham. secretary. The rooms of 
the Worcester Employment Society 
were offered for the use of the commit- 
tee in its labors. As the committee 
had the power of addinjj names to its 
list, at a subsecpicnt meeting; these 
were voted in. viz.: ^^'ard I. Mrs. L. A. 
Elv, Mrs. Helen DeCamp; Ward 2. 
Mr. Geo. F. Blake, Urs. H. S. Pratt; 
Ward 3. Dr. J. H. Kelley, Miss Xora 
Ready ; Ward 4, Hon. F. A. Harring- 
ton. Mrs. 0"TooIe; Ward 5. Richard 
H. ^loonev, Mrs. Willard'F. Pond: 
Ward 6. Theodore P. Ilrown. Mrs. 
George H. A\'ard : \\'aril 7, Osgood 
Plummer. Mrs. John Legg: Ward 8, 
F. M. Clark, Jr. Mrs.' 'George E. 
Francis. 

At this time it would he <lifficult to 
state just who were the prime movers 
in the plan of an association for the 
purpose of looking after the interests 
of all the volunteers and their fami- 
lies, but the expected passage of a 
Maine regiment through the city on 
the 27th may have brought matters to 
a focus, since it was on the very night 
of said incident that the meeting for 
organization came. The Woman's 
Relief Corps of Worcester, in their 
efforts to properly receive the Maine 
boys, had taken the south store in the 
State Mutual building, and with ac- 
customed zeal were working most vig- 
orouslv. There were alxne thirty of 
these patriotic women who were see- 
ing to it that the proverbial hospital- 
ity of the Heart of the Commonwealth 
should suffer no disparagement if in 
their power to prevent. They were an 
already organized body and for many a 
day it had been theirs to look out for 
the creature wants of the "Boys in 
Blue." Under the ef^cient direction 
of their President, the late Mrs. Marj' H. 
Burr, they presented a scene of earnest 
activity delightful to contemplate. 
From some sources always open to 
them, they had developed the means 
to secure large quantities of food and 
now they were preparing it for "hand- 
outs."' In the midst of the hurly- 
burly. Captain Charles H. Pinkham, 
the husband of one of the hardest 



workers in the corps, noticing the 
bustle in the hitherto unoccupied 
space, made bold to enter and to ask 
the cause thereof. To his susceptible 
mind the answer was sufficient, for he 
proceeded at once to lend a hand, in 
that he stationed himself near the door 
on the street, and all parties fortu- 
nate in his intimate actpiaintance were 
held up for a contribution to the merit- 
orious object: and so well did he ply 
his avocation that in a very short in- 
terval he was able to turn over to the 
ladies more than forty dollars. The 
practical character of the Pinkham 
family is evident in the fact that a 
little later Mrs. Pinkham. who had 
been on a similar quest, was able to 
add five dollars to the masculine gifts. 
For the lads from the Pine Tree State 
there were made ready 300 loaves of 
bread, 2500 doughnuts, several cheeses, 
with hams, butter and mustard neces- 
sary to reduce the mass to the shape 
of toothsome sandwiches. From the 
Creamerie restaurant on Pleasant 
Street had been ordered no gallons of 
prime coffee, and before 6 p.iu. the 
work was all in shape for the travel- 
ers. Then appeared the wagons of 
Calvin Farnsworth. and the food was 
transported gratuitously to the Union 
Station. 

It was not till one o'clock in the 
morning of the next day. on the 28th, 
that the first section of the aiorthern 
train drew into the station, iiencc the 
wait liad been long, but all was in 
readiness for a quick exchange. An 
engine and a baggage car were in com- 
mission and the goods, ready for pass- 
ing over, were there, and by running 
alongside the waiting train it was 
easv to pass over the needful. Mayor 
Dodge and Halleck Barllett were in 
control of the affair and everything 
worked admirably. Notwithstanding 
the unseasonable hour, more than a 
thousand people were in waiting and 
a large part of them remained till the 
last section was entertained, and this 
was not till after two o'clock. Hardly 
had the first section had its fill when 
the second appeared, to be followed, as 
above, by the third, when all the Maine 
boys were happily speeded on their 
wav to Chickamauga. Xor was all the 



310 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



feeding clone b\- the orp^anized relief, 
since there were many friends and rel- 
atives in the city who came down to 
find and remember their own ; among 
them a mother with a box and can of 
coffee for her son. her sixty-fi\'e years 
being no barrier to late hours. Ca])tain 
P. L. Rider of the Light Infantry also 
came along to find if Portland had not 
sent some of her boys. Light Infantry- 
men, and so kindred to the W^orcester 
soldiers. It was a wide-awake com- 
pany, even though the hour was "wee 
and snia'," and it was (|uite natural 
that some one should shout, as the 
train was drawing out. "Remember the 
Maine," and the gallant boys from the 
Dirigo State answered merrily. "Ynu 
bet we will." What a pity that the 
fortunes of war did not carry these 
soldiers to the scenes of hostility 

Realizing that the raising of funds 
was the chief object of existence, the 
aid association lost no time in getting 
to work, and all honorable methods 
were resorted to. Ministers i)reached 
in their respective pulpits nn the neeils 
of the hour, and collections were taken : 
money came from volunteers and from 
the solicited, and all sorts of entertain- 
ments were given to help along the 
cause. Among the latter especially- 
notable was the concert in Mechanics 
Hall, Jime idth, wdien the I'esti\'al 
chorus bore the major part in ime cif 
the finest mUbursts of song that even 
that music-laden place ever experi- 
enced. The Worcester Brass Band 
was there and Charles H. (irout drew 
on the ultimate resnurces of the great 
organ, while Arthur J. Ilassett and 
Walter B. l'".;itiiu were the pianists. 
The programnu- \\,-i> |iatrintic thrnugh- 
out, the excellrnt miIo parts being ren- 
dered t)v \nu\i-. II. CatTertv.' .Mrs. 
Daniel D'nwiirN', .Mrs. Ilenrv l'. Har- 
ris, Dr. I';nil ' ( '. W . I )ufaull, Mrs. 
Dorathy Alc'raggart-Miller. and .Miss 
Flora I'rovan. It was wlu-n the mighty 
chorus began ".\mcrica," :ind tlu' audi- 
ence forgot til rise, that a wnman roNe 
in lu-r |)lace and with a \\.i\e < if ju-r 
handkerchief, as it were, bade the pen- 
pie stand. She was obeyed with an 
alacrity that spoke volumes fur the ap- 
j)reciation nf tlu' listeners. The I'A-sti- 
val chorus at niliL'r times ma\' ha\e 



rendere<l more classic music than that 
sung on this occasion, but ne^■er did 
song touch more responsive chords. 
The "music in the air" was that of 
the nation's "mighty, faithful heart." 
The next mi ine\-getting ]ilan was 
that of a tableau e\'ening in Salis- 
bury's Hall, under the direction of 
John Ci. Hey wood, Charles S. Hale 
and Halleck Bartlett. The date was 
June 23d, and the audience all that the 
most sanguine could ask. Eager, in- 
tent and appreciative, the people con- 
tributed not a little to increasing the 
relief fimd. The tableaux z'iz'ants and 
the li\ing pictures made an evening of 
Iileasure ti 1 this day recalled by many. 
The ilis]ila\- nf each scene, i. e.. the 
jiarting nf the cin"tains. was most ef- 
fecti\-el\' accomjdished by two diminu- 
tive lads in white page costumes. Mas- 
ters llenshaw Dewey and Thomas 
I ireene. while the real dramatis pcr- 
sonac I if the charming evening were 
Misses Dorotln- and Ruse Lincoln, 
Edith and Nancy r.artnn, .Mildred 
Sargent, I'dorence Heywood, Ethel 
I'lartlett, Helen White, Rosamond 
Mitchell, Mary Brooks, Helen (iould- 
ing, Catherine I'.ent. < )li\-e Mason, 
.Maude .\rmsli\-. .Mar\- Morgan, .Amy 
Brnwn. Mar\ ami Katharin,- I'.utler. 
Edith r.aliKvin, I'jnily L.atnn, l^dith 
Hamiltiin, lulgewnrth W hittall, Emily 
Richardson, Mrs. Samuel E. Winslow, 
Mrs. Homer (^age. Mr. Richard Mitch- 
ell, .M;isters Chester and Philip Hev- 

Wiind. 

I'llscwhere in this \iilume mention 
has been made nf the innnense box of 
gnnil things which the citizens brought 
Ingether at the Armory and wdiich 
Armorer George Hubbard packed for 
the hii\s. the same gning to I-liirida, 
,-inil nil whnse nearly nne tnn's weight 
the express was ahine $Cvv There- 
after it was thought best tn send 
nmney direct rather than use so much 
in pa\ing tran>pi irlatinn. 

Well ailing m July. .Mrs. T. B. F. 
I 'inland inaugurated a happ}' mox'e- 
ment in t-nlisting the fingers and en- 
ergies of the Lamartine vacation 
sclinol children in the making or fold- 
ing of surgical sponges. Many of the 
children had relati\es in the service 
and their assistance was all the more 



VOI.rXTEEKS AID ASSOCIATION. 



311 



readily secured, and with soul;' and rec- 
itation of the leading events of the 
strife, they made the work speed right 
merrily. 

Perhaps the event of all. during the 
war period, for raising cash and at the 
same time interesting a large number 
of people, was the baseball game 
played at the Oval, Julv 22d, between 
the doctors and the lawyers. The 
teams as they were ranged against 
each other were as follows: for the 
^sculapians, F. H. llaker. H. S. 
Knight, E. H. Trowbridge, II. W. 
Cronin, T. J. 1-oley, R. d!^ Small. (/. W. 
Stevens. 1'. .V. I'nderwood, |. |. Raf- 
ferty. J. H. Kelley. J. \V. 'McKoan, 
eleven in all. for the situation de- 
manded two first basemen and two 
pitchers. The legal lights were J. E. 
Sullivan. Webster Thaver. R. A. Stew- 
art, W. E. Sibley. H. 'L. Parker. J. F. 
Tandron. Roln-rt Washburn. Rock- 
wood Hoar, H. S. Haskell. In b.ith 
]irofessions can be recognized some of 
the leading names in the city, an in- 
dication of the public interest, not so 
much in the game as for what it stood. 
\\'hile the score, 24 to 14 in seven in- 
nings in favor of the barristers, would 
not indicate the very highest kind of 
skill in the great American game, yet 
it did give the beholders a deal of fun 
for their money. It was very odd to 
see men of note acting the part of 
hucksters, but they did their stunts ad- 
mirablv. As peanut venders. Colonel 
Horace \'errv. Judge Geo. M. ^^'ood- 
ward. Dr. W. T. Clark and Lawyer 
James McGovern were stars. Frank 
P.. Hall found cocoanut cakes a source 
of revenue. John R. Thayer and Her- 
bert Parker dispensed lemonade to a 
thirsty crowd. Arthur P. Rugg sold 
the finest bunches of sweet peas of his 
own raising. Dr. L. F. \\'oodward 
found readv purchasers of his ginger 
pop and other mild bex'crages, while 
P'rank H. Kelley made even non- 
smokers smoke l)y the eloquent way 
he presented his cigars. The hit of the 
day, aside from those on the field, was 
made when the hurdy-gurdy of an 
Italian was captured and with Colonel 
^\'. A. Gile in place of the steed be- 
tween the thills, John R. Thayer 
grinding and I'rank P. Hall pushing 



behind, a march was made in fmnt nf 
the grandstand. 1-dr |)ure, ini(|ualitied 
mischief, nothing could l)e more funny, 
and the responses as the hats went 
round were free and full. It is said 
that so com])letely did the company 
e.xhaust its change siijiply that the 
trip home, by wav of tiie trolley, oc- 
casioned the conductors lots of trou- 
ble in the breaking of hills. Few men. 
guilt}- or otherwise, escaped some kind 
of a demand upon their pocketbooks. 
If the visitor got off easily from the 
score card sellers, P. J. O'Connell. 
Henry Y. Sim])son. Chandler I'.ullock, 
George S. Taft. Dr. W. R. Gilman. Dr. 
R. W. (ireene. Dr. G. .\. Tripp and Dr. 

D. P>. Lovell. he was sure to fall a 
victim to one of the ticket sellers. F. 

E. Gunnison. Dr. E. D. Fitch, E. A. D. 
Moss and W. J. Peacock. Ushering 
for the memoral)le day was by E. F. 
Thompson. .M. M. Tavlor, C. E. Mc- 
Gillicuddy. T. C. Carrigan. C. \\'. 
Saunders. J. P. Morrissey. all disciples 
of Coke and lUackstone. while Doc- 
tors Lamson .Mien. M. T- O'Meara. 
G. O. Ward. J. M. W. Farnham, A. M. 
Shattuck and" George H. Hill did the 
honors for the followers of Hippoc- 
rates. Frank L. Dean. Esq.. headed 
the grand entree of all the performers, 
while Samuel E. Winslow and Rufus 
AXoodward. well seasoned baseball 
players, armed respectively with re- 
volver and rifle, undertook the arduous 
duties of umpire. The ball was started 
bv the first citizen of Massachusetts, 
United States Senator George F. Hoar, 
rising in his place and deftly tossing 
the s])here into the midst of the con- 
testants. That more than $2000 was 
netted for the relief fund was some 
token of the success of the profe,ssional 
men's efforts. 

The manv entertainments during 
the summer, concerts, tableaux, lawn 
])arties and every possible device. 
served not onlv to raise money for a 
good cause, but also relieved the minds 
of manv an.xious friends too much dis- 
posed to dwell on the tribulations of 
the men in Cuba. While a recital of 
all the incidents of the summer might 
afford pleasant reading, space forbids 
further reference. 

As the season advanced i' .iccurred 



312 



WORCESTKR IX THE SPAXISH WAR. 



to the officers of the associatinn that 
the best way to get their gifts to tlie 
men afield was to send them in charge 
of one of theirown number, and Halleck 
Tlartlett was designated for that nur- 
])(ise. Abo\'e one thousand <lollars' 
wortli of necessities was collected. 
and the packages, large and small, 
were transported to the Red Cross 
headtpiarters in Xew ^'ork. It was a 
motley array, though a useful one, 
that was thus sent on. There were 
medicine cases from I'.rewer & Co., in- 
cluding 15,000 i|uinine pills, a keg of 
Jamaica ginger, lemon tal)lets, mus- 
tard plasters, etc.; cases of stimu- 
lants from E. S. Pierce & Co.. and 
from (",corge F. Hewett. for hospital 
use; (.)uinsiganionil Lodge with Raw- 
son & Simpson sent tobacco and 
pipes enough for a regiment, let alone 
four com|)anies. Literary wants were 
lo()ked out for by James Logan, who 
sent a (|uire (if paper with envelopes 
for e\'er\- man in the Worcester rep- 
resentation; I'utnani, I )avis & Co., in- 
delible ])encils, and 1'". .A. Easton sent 
reading matter; Duncan & Goodell 
furnishecl pocket knives to sharpen the 
pencils with; E. T. Smith Company, 
whok-salc L;rocers. gave a long list of 
items in their line, as condensed milk, 
pickles. Soap, extract of beef, cereals. 
|)rtser\cd lish. and candies. The enu- 
meration of .•irtieles of underwear fur- 
nished 1>_\' a generous ])ublic would 
till cobunns of thi-^ book, but e\ery- 
thiui;- was secureh ]>;icked and s. ut to 
Xew \<>vk for >hiiimenl to the field. 

Then came a ]ihasi.' of the situation 
not a|)]irrciated till the gifts were 
rt'ad\- to \ic sent. Red tape obstacles 
iuterp<jsed of the most obstructive 
kind. Though .Mr. I'.artlett visited 
Washington and hail at his back so 
strong a suiiporter ;is Senator ( leorge 
]•". Hoar, and all his reipusts were 
granted, it was well nigh impossible 



for him to get away on the same ves- 
sel with his charge. At last, however, 
the seemingly impossible was sur- 
mounted ami, on the Breakwater with 
Worcester's toker.s of love and appre- 
ei.alion, he left Xew York, .\ugust .^d, 
for the regions of fe\er and war. 
Though the gifts did not reach the 
scenes of need just as their gi\'ers had 
ho|ied, vet evcntuallv they were de- 
\'ote(l to the ij'ood of the soldiers. 

I'rom the final statement of the as- 
sociation it a]ipears that there ]:)assed 
through its hands the sum of $9684.89. 
of which large amount all was dis- 
jiensed for the good of the soldiers and 
their families, except $1247, which was 
eipiallv divided at the closing up of 
the account .among the \'eteran .Asso- 
ciations of the City ( iuards, the Light 
Infantr\-, ;iuil the Wellingtrin Rifles; 
the 'Tunmet" honoraries and the 
Woman's Relief Corps. No community 
ever did itself greater credit than did 
Worcester in her de\'otion to the 
cause of sutTering humanity. \\'hile in- 
di\idual reference is often invidious, 
and while every one interested did his 
jiart in the happiest manner possible, 
\et there woidd be no hesitation on the 
|iart of au\- one in the parting state- 
ment that a large part of the success 
of the work was the direct result of 
the devotion ami constant application 
of Mr. Halleck I'.artlett, to whom the 
period of the war was one of cam- 
paigniui;- almost as arduous as that in 
which the Worcester voung men were 
engaging beneath the tropical sun. 
Xot for many hours at a time were the 
sons of Worcester out of the minds 
and hearts of the citizens wdio had 
speeded their going, had watched with 
breathless interest their progress, and 
with open arms greeted their return. 
Citizens and soldiers were alike 
worthv ot each other. 



THE RELfEE COMMITTEE. 



I )iu- phase of the work of the \'oluu- 
teer Aiil ,\ssociatio]i demanils special 
mention, \iz.. that of the conunittee 
whose uu'mbers wi-re n.'inied earlier in 
this article-. Theirs was a direct and 



personal labor. imiio>.silile of adecpiate 
descri|)tion, \et one of the most valua- 
ble e\'er i)erformed by any body of 
|)eople. The\- saw and lessened suf- 
ferinsr. Thev cemipensated for the 



THE RELIEF C'OMMITTICE. 



liV.i 




thoughtlessness of husbands and fa- 
thers whose place was with their fam- 
ilies rather than in the ranks, for 
America has unmarried men enougfh to 
fight all her battles : l)ut no such 
thoughts were in the minds of the 
committee when they unilertmik to 
supply what others had omitted. 
Extra rooms were opened in the same 
quarters with the Employment Soci- 
ety, and the same were put in charge 
of" ^Frs. Angic .\. Robinson, the wife 
of William 1,. Robinson, each actively 
and for a lung time connected with 
the Grand Army and Relief Corps re- 
spectively. 

Bv no means ccmlil the duties of the 
position have fallen on more trust- 
worthy shoulders. \'igilant. active, 
svmpathetic and discriminating. Mrs. 
Robinson brought to her place just 
what the situation demanded. and most 
nobly did she work, early and late, day 
and night, in season and out. till the 
word "finis" was written, after the sol- 
diers were mustered out and peace 
again had resumed her happy sway. 

As the vote of the Executive Com- 
mittee to thus open rooms was taken 
Tune 20th, it must have been about 
this time that the active campaigning 
began. and bv the direction of the same 



body tiiey were closed Xovember 3(1 
of i8(;8. so for five months there was 
an open door through which innnedi- 
ate want might be supplied, a slight 
ciimi)ensation for the evils following 
the failure of humanity, thus far, to 
beat its swords into plowshares. For- 
tunately for the convenience of the an- 
nalist, the main features of Mrs. Rob- 
inson's work have been collated by lier 
and it is ])ossible to summarize tliem 
in the following lines. In addition to 
the care of the lieli)less, there was the 
pre])aration of all sorts of articles for 
hospital use, as sheets, pajamas, can- 
o]n- nettings and scores of other 
items, all under the direction of Chair- 
man Lincoln, hut it is with the relief 
work that we are chiefly interested 
now. 

The ofiicial designation of Mrs. Rob- 
inson in her labors was Chairman of 
the "Local Relief," and she had au- 
thority to draft from outside sources 
such people as she chose to call to her 
assistance. .Applications for help fre- 
quently went directly to Treasurer 
Bartlett, and where it was possible for 
him to supply at once, he complied, 
otherwise the request was turned over 
to .Mrs. K. with instructions to inves- 
tigate. Considering the size of the 
city and the number of applicants, this 
was no small task. Much of the diffi- 
culty of the work arose from an exag- 
gerated notion in the minds of some 
families as to what the public duties 
were, as in the case of one little 
woman who thought that the govern- 
ment or some i^arties were going to 
take herself and family at once into 
complete care and keeping, instead of 
being a sort of supplementary aid to 
her own efforts. From a letter from 
the Mayor's Clerk, Charles H. Bench- 
lev, it is possible to secure a fair idea 
of the kind of requests that were daily 
received : 



The bearer, Mrs. 



-, filed her appli- 



cation for State aid several days ago. but on 
account o( tlie red tape to be gone through 
with, she can draw nothing till about the 25th 
of this month, when she will get relief for her- 
self and nine children, for July and August. In 
the meantime. I understand she is suffering 
for the necessities of life. Can you help her? 
She will state her case. 



314 



WORCESTER IX THE SPAXISH WAR. 



It was for jvist such cases that the 
committee came into existence, but 
just think of the lieedlessness of the 
soldier and culpableness of the enlist- 
ing officer who would take a father 
away from such a responsibility when 
able-bodied young men were anxious 
to go. Sometime men and recruiting 
officers will be more sensible. A 
woman writes to the treasurer to ask 
if a mother must be sick before she can 
get aid from the association. An en- 
listed man writes the President of the 
association from Framingham re- 
questing the same to look after his 
wife while he tries to place the flag on 
the Cuban breastworks. Evidently his 
patriotism should have been tempered 
with some discretion. 

In very carefullv kept books, Mrs. 
Robinson entered the names of those 
helped, with such remarks on the cases 
as the circumstances warranted, a col- 
lectiim that will be of infinite interest 
to the antiquarian of the twenty-first 
century. Help was given to the fam- 
ilies of those in the regular army as 
well as to those of the Worcester com- 
panies, all being equally meritorious. 
The help rendered was usually in the 
shape of provisions and clothing, the 
same based on the apparent needs and 
income of the family. Personal obser- 
vation was had in all cases to decide 
upim iheir merits. There were dis- 
trict nurses whose duties carried them 
where they could see for thems'jlves 
the wants of the destitute. Many 
babies were born in these days. and the 
place of the supporting father was sup- 
plied by these good women who 
helped the motluTs through their 
hours of peril and suffering. 

Human nature, in all its varieties, 
could I)e studied from the viewpoint 
of the committee. Some people 
would accept only the barest necessi- 
ties, while others were ready to take 
all that was otTered and still stand with 
outstretched hand. ( )nc woman, ex- 
pecting to become a mother ere lung, 
is fearful lest she he ejected fr. mi her 
home for ufin-payment of rent, hut the 
committee's help sa\-es her: in all cases 
the giving was done in a way t<i con- 
\ince the recipients that it was the 
])ul)lic's appreciatidu nf the situation. 



not alms nor charity. When a call for 
cast-ofif clothing was made, the re- 
sponse was immediate and sufficient, 
especially from All Saints' parish, 
whose generositv drew from the com- 
mittee a vote of thanks. The sudden 
departure of the men upon whom so 
many were dependent and the limited 
supplies on hand, soon rendered out- 
side aid necessary. 

At times the duties of our Chairman 
became almost judicial, as when she 
had to act between a woman and the 
latter's friends, who wished her to 
send her children to Canada, to be 
boarded there at the public expense, 
wdiile she, the mother, went out to 
wiirk. To Mrs. R.'s judgment, the bet- 
ter way was to move the family into 
cheaper quarters and with association 
aid keep her children with her. The 
latter counsel happily prevailed and a 
home was ready for the husband and 
father when his release came. There 
was no danger of pauperizing the peo- 
ple helped, except certain cases al- 
ready upon the city's list. The habit- 
ual beggar was easily detected. ( )f 
course there were frauds, but they 
Avere in a ver\' small minorit\', and in 
the words of the Chairman, it was 
nuich better to be deceived at times 
than that a single meritorious case 
should be neglected. 

The following instance did not dis- 
courage the good people who l(ioked 
into it: the help was needed, even if 
it were gi\en im false re|>resentations : 
The story was tnid nf a mother and 
fi\-e children l:)eing in the most abject 
want, their home little better than a 
kennel: that the father, a drunken fel- 
l(i\\ at best, had left his abode to seek 
for work, and had ended his seeking l)y 
enlisting, and that he was then in the 
army. The want was so obvious and 
pressing, help was granted and inves- 
tigations as to truth were made later : 
then it a])peared that the man's name 
did nut dccur in the lists of \\'orces- 
ter's soldiers. biU inquiry at the police 
st;iliiin ilid re\eal the fact that the so- 
called soldier was doing service for 
tlu' county in the jail, having been 
sent there duly from the Central Dis- 
t)-ict Court, and th;it his wife, herself, 
a])peareil against him. The [Kior 



THE KEI.ir.F COMMITTEE. 



315 



woman m-ciU-d all that she ijut. hill 
slie was not an army widow. 

The return of the volunteers ami 
their .subsequent illness broun'ht on a 
new phase of work. Xurses had to be 
supplied and physicians furnished, but 
nowhere did the committee falter. 
Prescriptions were filled at the ex- 
pense of the association, and every 
possible convenience was s^iven where 
the want was known. If tiie govern- 
ment wa.s lacking in certain directions. 
and there seemed to be rrrounds for 
the accusation. th_' remissness was 
wonderfulh' supplemented by the 
folks at home, ^lrs. Robinson finally 
found herself acting the part of ipiar- 
termaster and commissary to full- 
grown men, trying to fit them with 
garments in the place of the frayed and 
soiled regimentals in which they had 
come home. Indeed she was wont to 
remark, save in tlvj matter of uniform, 
she began to feel as though she were a 
soldier herself and that she had really 



been discharge<l from the Secnud Reg- 
iment, 'riirough all tliese months she- 
says she received only one expression 
of disresi)ect, and that was from a 
young man too badly inebriated to 
realize what he was .saying. When lie 
returned to his senses he had tlie man- 
liness to come back and most con- 
tritely apologize for his unseemly l)C- 
havior. Back of tlie rum ilenion. 
almost every one "is a man for a' 
that and a' that." Transportation 
was sometimes furnished regulars and 
sailors back to their res])ective sta- 
tions, and a wurd of thanks from the 
recipient on his safe arrival was an 
oasis in the midst of so great a waste 
of siilVering. Thus in a thousand ways 
(lid ihe men and women of Worces- 
ter, through their rejiresentativcs. re- 
member the Scri])tural injunction: 

Inasmucli as ye l:ave (loiu- it unto uiR- of 
the least of these my hrelhrcn. ye have done it 
unto me. 




A I lli:iiKAI. IX 



IT lu-'Sf i\ \M I'Kie \ 



316 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 




ED P. Dean, Comp 



SPANISH WAR VETERANS. 



317 



Letrion Spanish War \'ctcrans. 

COLON KL i^. K. SllUMWAY CAMP, NO. ;,o. 

[Instituted May 2S, igo2. witli tifty-one charter members. The name 01 J. J. Corhss is 
number one on the list, tliat of Lieut. \Vm. E. McCann, number two.] 

Commander, Arthur S. Longley ; Senior \'ice Commander. J. J. Corliss: Junior 
Vice Commander, Edward R. I'.arker: Paymaster, Michael Ilogan: Quartermaster, 
Louis B. Glixman ; Adjutant. Ur. A. F. Wheeler: Surgeon, Dr. t'eter U. Shea : 
Officer of the Day, Wm. E. McCann: Officer of the thiard, S. E. Clapp : (Officer 
of Watch, J. J. Quirk: Sertreant Major, James E. L. Todd: Quartermaster Ser- 
geant, P. Brule: Color Sergeants, J. F. Quilty, C. L. Humphrey. 

Past Commander, Capt. Edwin (i. Barrett. 

Meetings, third Wednesday of eacli niontli in Sons of X'eterans' Hall. No. .418 Main Street. 



Adams, W. C. 2'j~ W. Bovlston ; Co. 

H, 2d Mass., U.S.\'. 
.\hern, Timothy T-. 30 Ward: Co. G, 

gth Mass.,'u!S.V.: died .March y. 

1905. 
.■Vldrich, Olnev T.. 141 P.eacon : Co. 

C, 2d Mass., U.S.\". 
Allen, Frank L., 8 Forest: Captain, Co. 

C, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
.■\llen (Ahlin), John D., 22 Gre.endale 

Ave. : Co. H, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Allison, R. L., s6 Front: Corporal, Co. 

A, 2d Mass\, U.S.\'. 
Allison, Walter H., 4 Dudley I'lace : 

First Sergeant, Co. A. 2d Mass., 

U.S.V. 
Alton William R., ^^'orcester; Co. K, 

6th Mass., U.S.\'. 
Amell, Harry C. i8i Woodland: Co. 

H, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Andresen, Lucas, 180 Canterhurv; Co. 

F, 2d Mass.. U.S.\'. 
Ballon, Herbert A.. 24 Lee : Co. A. 2(1 

Mass., U.S.V. 
Baril, H. V., S9 Pleasant: 1st Maine, 

U.S.V. 
Barker, Edward R., 32 Crystal : Co. G, 

9th Mass., U.S.\'. 
Barrett, Edwin G., 128 Paine: Captain, 

Co. A, 9th Mass.. U.S.V. 
Benson, Nils, U. S. Army: Corporal. 

U. S. ^larine Corps. 
Bergstrom, John F., 20 Laurel: .\rti- 

ficer, Co". B, 12th U. S. Infantry. 
Bjorkman, William, 6 Rodney; Co. C, 

46th U.S.\'. 



]!lair. l-"raid< K., ^8 C>range: Battery 

1;, 2d L'. S. Artillery. 
Boyd, Morris C, 2 Green Lane: 1st 

Naval Battalion, U.S.N. 
Brett. Dennis. 15 Pink: Co. I. 12th 

U. S. Infantry. 
Brigham. De.xter E., 107 Commercial: 

Sergeant. Co. H, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Brule. Philemon, 59 Grand; Co. A, 2d 

Alass., U.S.V. 
Burke. Ulysses M., 126 Green; Co. K, 

9th U. S. Infantry. 
Butler, Clarence E., 8 Davton ; Co. C, 

2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Butler, George C, Portland, Me. ; 

Fort McKinlev. U. S. H. Artillery; 

Co. C. 2d Mass.. U.S.\'. 
Butler, William H.. 10 Brittan : U. S. 

Navy. 
Casey. James .\. G., 25 Trumbull : Mu- 
sician. Co. G. Qth Mass.. U.S.\". 
Cavanaugh. John F.. 10 Warren ; Co. 

H. i2th U.S. Infantry: died March 

13. 1905. 
Champney, Peter, 20 Mechanic ; Co. K. 

12th U. S. Infantry. 
Cheever. Fred \\'.. the .\urora; Co. B. 

I2th U. S. Infantry. 
Cheever. Herbert ^[.,'4 Fern: Co. B. 

iitli U. S. Infantry. 
Christenson. Elmer I.. 4 Sherbrook 

Av. : Co. A. 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 
Clapp. S. E.. 12 Newnort; Artificer, Co. 

A, 2d Afass.. U.S.V. 
Clossen, Herbert I., West Bovlston: 

Corporal, 12th U. S. Infantry. 



318 WDKCESTER I\ THE SPAXTSH WAR. 

Coaklev, Timothy, lo E. Shclliv: Co. Farrow, George S.. t^zy Main; Co. C. 

.\.' 9th Mass!, U.S.V. ' 2d Mass.. U.S. V.' 

Colbnrn. Charles H.. i Hampden; Co. Fav, Peter T-. Z- Frcscott ; Troo]) F, 

C. 2d Mass., U.S.V. ' 5th U. .^. Cavalrv. 

Cole. James A., 18 Canal: Co. A, 2d Feenev, Patrick ]., 9 llelknaii; io8th 

Mass.. U.S.V. Coast Artillery, U.S.A. 

Colev, Henrv G.. 21 Crompton ; Co. A. Feltv, Geore^e H., 17 Catharine; First 

'2d :\Iass., U.S.V. 'Lieutenant. Co. C. ()th 111., U.S.V. 

Coh'in, Christopher, 37 Harrison ; Co. Fischer. Charles .-\., (.^~ 2 Main ; Co. A, 

K, I2th U. S. Infantry. 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 

Connors, William, 49 Endicott ; Cox- Fitzpatrick, John E., 43 Ward ; Co. G, 

swain, U. S. Navy. 9th Mass., U.S.V. 

Cook, Clarence E., 74 Russell; Co. H, Fitzpatrick, Patrick J., 2 Foyle : Cor- 

2d Mass., l'.S.\'. poral, Co. L, 12th U. S. Infantry. 

Cook, Fred A., Jr.. 40 Lincoln; Co. D, Flint. Charles I., 11 Elizabeth; Co. H, 

ist N. H.. U.S.V 2d Alass., "U.S.V. 

Cooper, Renjaniin. is Lriim]itiin; Co. I'^igertv, John E., 19^ Milllnirv: Co. 

A, 2(1 Ma.^s., L;.S.\'. ' G,'<;th Mass., U.S.V. 

Corliss, John J., Clarenclon ; O. M. Forsliers:'. Charles, i Kosta : Corjinral, 

Serg-eant, Co. G, 9th i\Iass., U.S.\\ Battery C, 2d U. S. .\rtillery; 

Cronin, Dennis J., police station ; Ser- Troop H, Tith U. S. Cavalr\-. 

geant, L^ S. Marine Corps. Foss, Rodne\-. S])ringfield; 12th I'. S. 
Crooker, Leonard AL, 22 Belmont ; Ser- Infantry. 

geant, Co. C, 2d Mass.. U.S. \'., iM-eeman. Harrv IL, 6 Fox ; Battery B, 

26th LI. S. Infantry. 2d V . S. Artillery. 

Cross, John J., 28 ( )rcharil ; Battery C, Fvrlierg, Charles, West Bovlston St.; 

2d L'. S." .\rtillery. ' " 12th U. S. Infantry. 

Cruikshank. James T.. 11 Wimdland; Gardner. ( )cta\e V.., 9 College; 12th 

Co. A, 2d Mass., U.S.N'. U S. Infantry. 

Cummings, Matthew, 6 Scott; Corpo- ( "larrett, Michael F., 140 Belmont; Co. 

ral, Co. I, 26th U.S.V. Infantry. G, 9th Mass., LT.S.\'. 

L)a\-is, ( )rlo \\'., 48 jaipies A\-. ; Co. Gilligan, Edward, 109 I~lumnier; Co. F, 

-\, 2.1 Mass.. L'.SA'. 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 

Dean, h'red P.. 5 Xewhurv ; Co. C, 2d Gilmore. George C. 7 \'ine ; Co. H, 

Mass., U.S.V. ' 2d Mass., U.S,\'. 

Degnan, C. J., 39 Presc.jtt; .Sergeant, Gleason. Odiorne J. \\'., Post Llthce ; 

Co. G, 9th Mass., U.S.X'. ' Co. C, 2d Ma.ss., U.S.V. 

Delanev, Michael }., 24 Wrnon ; Co. Gleason, N\'illis, 18 Plawlev ; Co. H, 

G.'vnh Mass., (t.S.V. 2(1 Mass., U.S.V. 

Dennis. William IL. 231) Park .\v.; (ilixman. Louis B., ^8 Lamartine; Co. 

Co. C. 2(1 Mass., U..SA'. C, 2(1 Mass., U.S.\'. 

DeMarco, Joseph, 130 Shrewsliurv ; Goddard, George N., 660 Grafton ; 12th 

Co. H,"2d Mass., U.S.W " U. S. Infantry. 

Ditson, Charles H.. 44 Fales ; Co. H. Gould. Luhertia M.. 30 Mendon; Co. 

2d .Mass.. U.S.X'. F. 1 2th I'. S. Infantry. 

Doran. l-'rank H.. 90 Ja(pies Ave. ; Cor- Gowans. John G.. 11 Austin: Ser- 

poral, Co. G, 9th" Mass., l\S.V. geant,"Co. A, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Doyle. Dennis J.. 17 Lunelle: Co. G. Green, John T.. 618 Main; Corporal. 

' 9th Mass.. U.S.X'. Co. G. 9th Mass.. U.S.X'. 

Dovle. Frank P.. \-\ Temple: Co. G. Green. Ralph C. 10 Preston ; Co. A. 2d 

■ f,th Mass.. I'.S.V. ^ Mass.. U.S.V. 

Dumas, Adelard J.. 181 Canterbury ; Griffin. Henry, 33 Pond; Co. G. (jth 

Co. B. 43d U."S. Infantry. ' Mass.. U.S.V. 

Eldridge. Clifford T., 469 Grove: Cor- Griswold, Charles E., 20 Mulberry; 

poral, Co. C. 2d Mass., U.S.V. Artificer, Co. K, 12th U. S. In- 

Fairbanks, Llarrv I',.. 27 Richards; fantrv ; Battery E, 1st I'. S. Artil- 

Major, 2d Mass., L^S.V. lery. 



SPAXISII WAR NKI'KKANS. 



Guilliani, William A., i CoUofjjc ; Troop 

D, 6th U. S. Cavalrv. 
Gully, Michael, 85 Salem; Co. G, 9th 

Mass.. U.S.V. 
Hackett, Edward F., 84 Providence; 

Co. G. 9th Mass.. U.S..\. 
Has^'berg-. John G.. Worcester ; Cor- 

"porkl. Co. A. 2(1 Mass., U.S.V. 
Hagertv, Stephen F.. ^15 Grafton; Co. 

G, '9tli Mass.. U.SA''. 
Hall, Ernest B., Milford; Co. A. 2d 

Mass., U.S.V. 
Hays, Fred R., 13 Mendon ; Co. A, 2d 

Mass.. U.S.\'. 
Havward, Artluir L., t Preston ; Co. 

' A, 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 
Healv, Patrick E., 123 W'est Bovlston ; 

F Battery, 3d U. S. Artillery. 
Helm Oscar, 4 Everard ; Corporal. Co. 

L. 1 2th U. S. Infantry. 
Hicks, R. C. 140 Beacon; Co. .\. ISat- 

talion of Engineers, U.S..\. 
Hill. Georg-e H.. 3 Ferdinand : Co. C. 

2d Mass., U.S.\'. 
Hoar. George F.. 3 Merrifudd; Cor- 
poral, Co. H, 9th I'. S. Infantry. 
Hoar. Michael L., 4 W-rnon ; Co. (i, 

9th Mass., U.S.\'. 
Hobbs, Howard K., Court House; 

Corporal, Co. A, 2d Mass., l\S.\'. 
Hogan, Michael, 27 Gardner: Co. M. 

6th Mass., U.S.V. 
Holden, Charles S., 40 ^"ine: Cajjlain. 

Co. H. 2d Ma.ss.. U.S.\'. 
Hooker, Walter F., 29 Ingleside .\.\e. ; 

Co. H. 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Horan. Michael J.. 48 Barclay ; First 

Sergeant. Co." G. 9th .Mass.'. U.S,\'. 
Humphrey, Charles L.. no Sunnner; 

Co. H, 9th U. S. Infantry. 
Hurd. Herbert E., 2t, Charlotte : 3d 

U. S. Cavalry. 
Hurd. Joel B., 2^ Charlotte; Troop L, 

(itli U. S. Cavalrv. 
Jenkins. M. P., 161 Highland; Co. B, 

I2th I'. S. Infantry. 
Johnson, Albert S., 10 Lancaster ; Co. 

A, 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 
Johnson. Roland, 27 Ru.ssell : Co. C, 

2d Mass.. U.S.V. 
Johnston, Joseph H.. 523 Park .Ave.; 

Corporal. Batteries B and I. U. S. 

Heavy Coast Artillery. 
Jones, George T.. 276 Grafton; Co. C, 

2d Mass., U.S.\'. 
Jones, Willard F.. 19 Piedmont ; Co. 

M. i2th U. S. Infantrv. 



Jordan. I'Vederick 1'.., 2 Isabella: Ser- 
geant. Co. H, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Keane. Maurice A., 7 Sigel ; Co. G, 

9ih Mass., U.S.V. 
Kellaher, Thomas F., io<; Highland; 

Co. G. 9th Alass., U.S.\'. 
Kelleher, Thomas J., 96 X'ernon ; Co. 

G, 9th Mass.. U.S.V 
Kellev, Thomas B., 247 Main; Co. G, 

9th Mass.. U.S.V. 
Kelle\-. Timothv, 50 Green; Corporal, 

Co. .\. 3d Xeb., U.S.V. 
Kennt\-. Charles E., 13 Clifton; Co. G, 

wth Ma.ss.. U.S.V. 
I\i<lilrr. Lyman W., 6 Charlotte: Co. 

.M. i2th V. S. Infantry. 
Killelea. Charles, 66 Belmont; Oiler, 

U. S. Xavv : was on the Boston in 

Manilla Harbor. May i, 1898. 
Killian.Henrv. 70 Lafavette; Corporal, 

Co. E. 202 X. v.. U.S.V. 
King, James F., rear 71 Madison ; Cor- 

poVal, Co. G. 9th Ma.ss., U.S.V. 
King. lcise])h L.. 23 Merrick: Corporal, 

Co. II. 2d Mass., U.S.X'. 
Knibbs, Charles H.. 6 Barton Place; 

Co. C. 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Korosei Stany. 16 I'~oyle; Co. I. 9th 

L'. S. Infantry. 
Lacha])elle. Ralph. 4 Wall: Co. Ci. ist 

K. 1.. U.S.V 
Lallaninu-. loseph T.. 4 I'linlon: Co.-'X, 

2d .Ma.ss., L'.S.W 
Lambert. Stejihen .\.. 34 Grove; Bat- 
tery Ci. 2(1 U. S. Artillery. 
Lamberton. Charles F.. 9 Preston ; Co. 

A. 2d Ma.ss.. U.S.V. 
Larkin. Edward F.. i/i Washington; 

U. .'^. Marine Corps. 
Larkin. L)hn. 24 Coral; Co. G. 9th 

.Ma.ss!. U.S.\'. 
Larkin. lohn I.. 171 Washington; Co. 

G, 9th Mass., U.S.V. 
Lawrence, Cyrus H., 26 Bradley ; Co. 

E, 26th U. S. Infantry. 
Lawson. .\lbert. 2^ Maple Terrace; Co. 

C. 43d U.S.\'." 
Leonard. William M.. ^6 Fox; Co. G, 

9th Mass.. U.S.V. ' 
Linehan. John J.. 12 Austin; Battery 

I. 2d U. S. Artillery. 
Long, Luman B. ; Hospital Corps, 

U.S.A. 
Longley. .\rthur S., 82 Piedmont ; 

First Sergeant. Co. C. 2d Mass., 

U.S.V. 



320 WORCESTER IN THE SP.WrSH WAR. 

Love, Alliert F., I Kin.i;sbur\- : Cor- Aro\nihan. P. I.. 64 Miilberrv ; Ser- 

poral. Co. H. _'(1 Mass., U.S.\'. 'seaiit. Co. {]. 9th Mass.. U.S.V. 

Lowe, William L., 34 Prcscott : Co. I, Miir])ln-, William H., died C)ct. 12, 

6th Mass., r.S.\'. i()04 : Cc G. 9th Mass., U.S.V. 

Lundl)erg, Carl .\.. iS Laurel: Co. H, Murray, Archie F., 8 Cutler; Corporal, 

9th I'. S. lufantry. Co. A, 2d Mass.. l'.S.\'. 

Lundstrnin, Lharles L., 240 \\'e1)Ster: Murray. John E.. 56 I'liion A\'e. : 2d 

C... .\. 2,vl V. S. Infautry. I'.' S."Heayy .\rtilli-ry. 

McCann, William L., 79 llarrisoii; Xewt(in, Alliert I*".. 2 I'reeland: Co. H, 

Second Lieutenant, Co. C 9th 2d Mass., C.S.W 

]\Llss., U.S.V. Northrido-e. Charles, i<) Tin. mas: Co. 

McCann, William E., Jr., 79 Harrison: L 9th U. ."s. Infantry. 

Sergeant, ist Diy.. 3d Corps. Field C)'Callaghan. J. H.. 5 Sih'er: Co. G, 

Hospital. 9th Mass.", U.S. A"'. 

iMcCartin, Alichael T-. 107 Main; Ser- ( )'Flynn, Michael }., 12 E. Shelby; Co. 

geant, Co. G. otli Mass., U.S.V. G, oth Mass., "L'.S.W 

McCullough. E. A., 93 Chandler; As- ()'Ilara, Peter J., H.itel .^dams ; Cor- 

sistant Surgeon. 41st I'. .^. In- poral, I". ,S. Marine Corps. 

fantry. O'Keefe. Patrick ].. 604 Main; Co. G. 

McDonald, Thomas D., 20 Pmyidence; 9th Mass., I'.S.A". 

Co. H, 9th Mass., L'.S.W ()'Leary, Cornelius, t,jj Shrewsbm-)-; 

McDowell. William ].. 13 A\aldo; Co. Sergeant. Co. K, 12th U. S. In- 

K, I2th U. S. Infantry- fantry. 

McGillicuddy. Gerald F.. 77 Gage : Co. O'Lcary. Jeremiah, fn Ward; Co. B. 

(.;. 9th Mass.. U.S.V. (;th U". S. Infantry. 

McGuire. Hugh. 60 Vernon; Co. G, ( )li\'er, Ernest C, i2() Canterlnn-y ; Co. 

9th Mass.', U.S.\'. I'. 43<1 U. S. Infantry. 

MacKav. John C. Spencer: Co. H, 2d Osterberg, (ins 1., 147 N'ernon ; Cor- 

Ma'ss,, U.S.V. l>orai, ist U. S. Cayalry. 

McLoughlin. Hugh, 18 Assonet ; 12th Payne, William 1-., 10 ()liyer: Co. P., 

LT. S. Infantry. ' U. S. Infantry. 

]\Iagee. .\rthur C. 616 Main; Co. .\. Pembleton. Alonzo T-. ^o Fountain; 

'"2d Mass.. U.S.\'. Co. C. 2d .Mass., U.SA\ 

Malm. .Mexander, Hotel Carlyle: 43d Perkins, Mark A.. 2h Pearl: Musician, 

U. S. Infantry. ' fith Mass., I'.S.W 

Malm. ( )liyer W..' 31 1 Main ; C.S.X. Peterson, C. H., 2 Ma.xwell Court ; 15th 

Martin, Edward J., _^J Mason; Cm. C, U. S. Infantry. 

2d Mass., L\S.\'" Porter. Walter M.. 58 Harrison; Cor- 

Martin, Godfrew 46 C)rient ; 12th I'. S. ]ioral, Co. F, 20tli U. S. Infantry. 

lufautr\. Potter. Clarenc ■ F.. 9 I'liftim Terrace; 

Martin, j. '].. 109 Grafton: Co. (_i, tjth Co. G, ist N. H.. U.S.\'. 

Mass., "U.S.V. Power, William T.. 88 Prospect: Co. 

Merritield, Waldo .\.. I E. Shelby; Co. I. 20th and 2d U. S. Infantry. 

C. 2<1 Mass., U.S.W Powers, Edwar.l P.. iS lugalls; Co. K, 

:\liller, lames W. J., 9 Hernion ; Co. C, 12th V. S. Infantry. 

C. "S. Infantry. Preble. Campbell C. 40 e"utler; Co. C. 

Miner, De.xter. Grafton; C". H. 2d c^th Mass., U.S.W 

.Mass.. U.S.V. 1 'rendergast, Anthony, 49 Park; Co. G, 

Mitchell. Patrick. 18 Worth; Sergeant. ijth '.Mass., U.S.V. 

Co. 1". 17th V. ^. lnfantr\-. Prendixille, Patrick ].. Hotel Vernon; 

Moudv. William E., ()4 Groye; Co. A, Co. ( i. oth Alass." U.S.W 

2d .Mass.. U.S.\'. Purinton. .\. L., ( )live .\ye. ; .\rtificer. 

:\lorse, William H.. 13 Wiuslow; Co. Co. II. 2d .Mass.. U.SA". 

.\, 21I .Mass., L'.S.V. Qiiilty. James F., 17 Bancroft ; Co. H. 

Moynihan, Jeremiah J., 1 Wabash 2d Alass. \'olunteers. 

".•\ye.: Laptain, Co. G. oth .Mass., (juirk, James J., 15 Thomas: Co. C, 

U.S.\'. ' <;th'U. S. Infantry. 



SPANISH \S'.\R N'KTERANS. 



321 



Reinbold, Albert J., i ^ Xcwlnirv ; Co. 
A, 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 

Renaud, Louis A.. Ware; ijtli l^. S. 
Infantry. 

Rice, William W., Charlton City; Co. 
A, 2d Alass., U.S.V. 

Reidv, Dennis D., 684 Cambridge ; Co. 
G, 9th I\Iass., U.S.V. 

Rix, George E.. 7 Sturgis ; Co. C. 2d 
Mass., U.S.V. 

Rogers, S. Walter, Holden ; Co. F, 6th 
Mass., U.S.V. 

Russell, Walter M.,37 Catharine; Hos- 
pital Steward, U. S. Navy. 

Rvan, Paul J., 64 Parker; Battery C, 
2d U. S. Artillery. 

Sawyer, Elbridge B., 63 King; Ser- 
geant, Co. A, 2d Mass., U.S.\'. 

Scott, Albert B., 515 Main; Corporal, 
Co. H. 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Seibert, John W. ; Co. G, 8th U. S. In- 
fantry. 

Shea, Michael J., 8 Harrison; Co. I, 
i2th U S. Infantry. 

Shea, Dr. P. O., 183 Green ; First Lieu- 
tenant and Asst. Surgeon, 9th 
Mass., u'.S.V. 

Shunuvay, Edwin R., 10 Hollywood; 
Lieut. -colonel, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Skerrett, Nicholas J., 10 Meade ; iNIusi- 
cian, Co. G, 9th Mass., U.S.\'. 

Sleeper, Charles F., 15 Sylvan ; Co. H, 
2d ?klass., U.S.V. 

Smith, Clarence E., 243 Stafford ; Q.M. 
Sergeant, Co. H, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Smith, Dr. J. A., 476 Main; Co. K, 21st 
U. S. Infantry. 

Spenser, John J., 130 W'ashington ; Co. 
L, I2th U. S. Infantry. 

Standish, Lewis O., 29 Winfield; Co. 
A, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Standish, William G., Belmont-Locust 
Ave.; Co. A, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Stearns, E. A., 1381 Main; Co. C, 2d 
Mass., U.S.V. 

Stebbins, George W., 10 Lancaster ; 
O. M. Sergeant, Co. C, 2d Mass., 
U.S.V. 

Stevenson, John, 19 Jefferson ; 2d U. S. 
Heavy Artillery. 

Sullivan, David J., 151 Summer; Cor- 
poral, Battery K, 3d U. S. Artil- 
lery. 

Sullivan, Michael J., 25 Assonet ; 12th 
U. S. Infantry. 

Sullivan, Patrick J., 6 Merrifield; 
Artificer, Co. G, 9th Mass . U.S.V. 



Sullivan. Peter F., J7<> Graftcjn ; Musi- 
cian, 9th .Mass., L'.S.N'. 

Sweenev, Thomas .M., 18 As.sonet ; 
I2th U. S. Infantry. 

Taft, Robert, ^56 Irving; Co. C, 2(1 
Mass., U.S.V. 

Tisdell, Moses H.. Tf^ Vernon ; First 
Lieutenant, Co. .\, 2d Mass., 
U.S.V. 

Todd, lames E. L.. 17 \'ine; Co. C, 2d 
.Mass., U.S.V. 

Tolson, Harrv W., 182 Russell ; Co. L, 
6th Mass., U. S. V. 

Traver, W. A., i Ashton ; Musician, 
Co. A, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Turner, William T., 4 Chelsea; Co. A, 
2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Vaughn, Frank L., 148 Highland; Ser- 
geant, Co. H. 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 

Vinton, Fred E., rear 27 W. Boylston ; 
Corporal, Co. L, 13th U. S. In- 
fantry. 

Vosburg, Edgar H., ^i I'.elmont; Co. 
H, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Walker, Fred C, 96 Mavwood ; Bat- 
tery B, 2d U. S. Artillery. 

Wallace, Samuel A., 5^ Pleasant; Co. 
A, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Ware, John C, 21 Florence; Co. H, 
2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Warren, Herbert H.. 12 Columbus; 
Second Lieutenant, Co. C. 2d 
Mass., U.S.V. 

Wheeler. Dr. Aurelius F., Knowles 
Building; Co. C. 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 

White, Peter N., 608 Park Ave.; Co. 
A, 2d Mass., U.S.A. 

Whitman, Albert F., Chester, corner 
Grove; Co. H. 12th L'. S. Infantry. 

Wilmot, J. L., 40 Dewev ; Corporal, 
Co. C. 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Witham, Charles L.. Boston Journal ; 
Co. L, 26th U.S.\'. Infantry. 

Wood. Arthur, 4 Orchard ; ist Conn., 
U.S.V. 

Young. Harry C, 195 Park Ave. ; Ser- 
geant. Co. H, 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 

Young, William S.. 22, Lincoln ; Co. .\, 
2d Mass., U.S.\'. 

Zaeder, Emil, 176 Lincoln; Co. C, 2d 
Mass., U.S.V. 

\' eterans voted in but not mustered ; 

Bartlett. Lvman H., 55 Elm ; Co. C, 

2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Barton, Charles A.. 6 Shawmut ; Co. 

.A. 2d Mass., U.S.\'. 



322 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR 



Chatelain, Edniond C, Worcester; Co. 

1, 26th U.S.V. 
Coates, Herbert A., Hotel Albany; Co. 

H, 2d Mass.. U.S.V. 
Cornwell. William G., Xorwich, Ct. ; 

Co. A. 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
DeMuth. John, Hotel Kennmre; Co. 

K, 1st So. Dakota, U.S.V.; 44th 

Cor.ipany, Coast .Artillery. 
Gray, Harry T.. 28 Oxford; Second 

Lieutenant, Co. H, 2d Mass., U. S.\'. 
Hisi.s:inlK)thani, Charles S., .\nsonia ; 

■^'Co. A, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 
Holhrook, J. Warren, 18 Burncoat ; 

Sergeant, Co. C, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 



Lindsev, Joseph T., 18 Summer; Co. 
H,'2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Porter, Leverett W., U.S.A., Wor- 
cester ; 5th Mass., U.S.V. 

Powers, Richard H., 140 Exchange ; 
Co. G, 9th Mass., U.S.V. 

Rheutan, Winfield D., Richmond, Va. ; 
Co. C, 2d Mass., U.S.V. 

Riordan, Alartin. 6 Ilerklcy; First Ser- 
geant, Co. K, 1 2th U. S. Infantry. 

Vezina, Alex. 53 Lamartine ; Co. L, 
1 2th U. S. Infantry. 

Williams, C. G., 18 Orient ; Sergeant, 
15th U. S. Infantry. 



Early in the ciniiniaiul of Daniel E. Denny 
of Post 10. he set about trying to secure for 
memorial purposes one of the Spanish guns de- 
livered into American hands at the surrender 
of Santiago. Assisted in this direction by the 
late Senator George E. Hoar and by Gov. John 
L. Bates, he succeeded, an<l in the early autumn 
of 1904 the gun arrived. 

It is of bronze. II i feet long, bore 6^ inches, 
and was cast in Sevilla, Spain, May 5, 1798. 
Conspicuous upon the gun, near the breech, is 
an elaborate monogram, surmounted by a 
royal crown; the letters C. A. R. O. evidently 



indicate Charles IV, who was King of Spain 
in 1798. 

It stands in the triangular plot of land in front 
of the Armory, given by the Hon. Stephen 
Salisbury: the granite carriage, given by Geo. 
D. Webb, is from designs by Stephen C. Earle 
and George T. Tribe; the trucking essential to 
its placing was donated by Horace F. Ball: the 
wire fence about the plot was given by the 
Spencer Wire Company. 

It was given in the care and keeping of the 
city, December 9, 1904, with a great camij-fire 
in the Armory. 




RS AND Sailors of i8q8. this Cun. Surre> 




BV Citizens of Worcester Under the Au 


SPICES 


rge H. Ward Post lo. (l.A.R.. 1904. 





323 



INDEX. 

(This index includes all names in the text, except the alphabetical list of Spanish War Veterans, 
those of members of the Emmet Auxiliary and of the participants in the Oval ball game.) 

Abbott, H. B. 71, 78. 80. 

Adams, H. H. 87, 126, 46. 47. 

Adams, W. G. 162, -ji. g8. 204, 15, 17. 

Ahern, T. J. 245, 83, 97, 99. 

Ahlin, J. D. vide Allen. 

Aldrich, O. T. log, 46, 47. 

Alexandria, 20. 

Alger, Camp R. A. 243. 

Alger, Secretary, 132; his card. 133. 

Allegheny, Transport, 272, 73, 75, 91. 

Allen, Capt. F. L. 5, 34, 38, 70,82,87,92, 100, 

01. 08, 17, 24, zi. ^y. 46, 47, 73. 
Allen (Ahlin), J. D. 176, 215, 17. 
Allen, J.H. 87, 137. 46. 47, 60. 
.Allen, Walter, 283, 95, 300. 
Allen, Wilson, 162. 
Alligators, 173, 77. 
Allison, G. E. 12, 47, 60, 78, 80. 
Allison, R. L. 10, 12, 14, 46, 60, 78, 80. 
Allison, W. H. 12, 34. 60, 71, 78, 80. 
Amell, H. C. 162. 76. 215. 17. 
Ames, H. H. 160, 68. 
Ames, M. F. 160. 62, 203, 11, 13, j6. 
Anderson, J. F. 157. 
.Andrew, Geo. J. .A. 224. 
Anglum, Capt. D. F. 4. 260. 
.Armory, State, 8. 
-Articles of War read, 15. 
Athv, Andrew, 219, 20. 
At Present, Co. A, 78: Co. C, 146; Co. H, 215: 

Co. G. 297. 
Austin, H. E. 12. 13. 
Bachelor, W. O. 162, 63, 94, 215, 17. 
Baker. David J. 7. 
Baldwin, H. W. 211. 
Ball, H. F. \22. 
Ballon, H. A. 12, 51, 78, 80. 
Baltimore. 20. 92. 
Band. Battery B, 11, 74. 
Bankbill Joke. 169. 
Banks. Geo. N. P. 223. 
Barbed-wire defense, 262. 
Barber, The Company, 175. 
Barber, G. D. 160, 206. 
Barker. E. R. 6, 233, 64, 97, 99. 
Barnard. E. M. 87. 
Barnard. Sumner & Putnam Co. 173. 
Barrett, Capt. Edwin G. 5, 7, 8, 10. 12. 15, 16. 

18, 19, 21,25,26,34,36,41.43,45.46,53. 

58, 59, 60, 65, 67, 68, 70, 72, 78, 80, 134, 

69, 269. 
Barrett, J. A. 215. 17. 
Barrett, Jas. M. 2},t,. 90. 97, 99. 
Barrett, T. J. 279. 308. 
Barrett, Telegram to Mrs. 68. 
Bartlett, Chas. W. 5. 
Bartlett. Halleck. 6, 62, loi, 30, 31. 3^. 270, 308, 

09, 10, 12. 



Bartlett. Lvman. 124, ?o, ^i, ^7, 46, 47. 

Bartlett, Wm. H. 287." 

Barton, Clara, 58, 128. 

Barton, Chas. .A. 12, 51, 78, 80. 

Barton. Wm. E. 5, 87, 112. 17. 27, 28, 35, 46, 

47. 73- 
Baseball at the Oval, 311. 
Bassett. .A. J. 310. 
Bathing by rubber blanket, 41. 
Bathing incident. 167. 
liates. Geo. J. L. 2,22. 
Battery B. 4, 286. 
Baiidett. W. .\. 162. 
Beans counted. 41. 
Bcaudoin. vide Boardman. 
Bedloe's Island, 18. 
Beiune. G. H. 87, 125. 46, 47. 
Benchley, Lieut. E. N. 5, 105, 17, 27, 40, 42, 

-•59. 313- 
Bennett. Geo. E. 126, 46, 47. 
Bennett, P. H. 283. 96, 300. 
Berger, .A. .A. 160. 
Bergeron. Jos. A. 12. 
Bieberbach, Jacob. 12. 
Biersdorf. .A. G. 135, 37, 46, 47. 
Bigelow. Lieut. C. F. 133. 
Bigelow, Opinions of Capt. John, Jr. 40, 170, 

71. 83. 
Birthday of the "Wellingtons," 161. 
Black powder, 46. 
F^lockhouse. Santiago Harbor, 26^ 
Bloody Bend, 48, 117. 
Blouse. The Captain's, 59. 
Blue and Gray blend. 173. 
Boardman. J. H. 12. 43. 75, 76, 77,80. 
Began, Col. F. B. 237, 40, 54. 57. 
Boland. Mrs. T. B. F. 310. 
Bond. Wm. ^L 162. 216. 17. 
Bonney. Carl. 6. 308. 
Bonsai. Stephen, on night march of the Second 

Regiment. 1 1 5. 
Booden. W. J. 226. 
Bout well. Gov. Geo. S. 220. 
Bowen, Capt. Geo. 7. 
Bowen. Surgeon, 63. 
Bowers. P. R. 157. 
Boxes. Coming of Worcester, 100. 
Boyd, H. E. 160. 
Bradley. J. F. 87. 135. iT. 46, 47- 
Brady. Edward, 2i},. 
Bradshaw. .\[. F. 283. 98, 300. 
Bradshaw, P. J. 231. 
Brass. Wesley S. 2->,. 
Breakfast in Washington, 20, 93, 167. 
Brewer & Co. 312. 
Briggs. E. A. 87. 135. 46. 47- 
Briggs. Gov. Geo. N. 85. 
Brigham. D. E. 160. 62. 84. 204. 15. 16. 



324 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



Brigham, I. A. 88, iii, 2^, ^i, 46. 47. 
Brigham. R. H. 7i, 78, 80. 
Bropliy, M. C. 233, 83. 97, 99. 
Brosnan, Elizabeth, 248. 
Brosnan, Geo. W. 21,3, VS. 49. 64, 89, 91. 
Brown, C. A. 88, 146, 47". 
Brule Philemon, si. 78, 80. 
Briisky. J. T. 42, '78, 80. 
Bruso, VVm. T. 30. ?4, 51, 78, 80. 
Bryan, R. B. 5. 
Bryant, Dana A, 162. 
Bryson, G. S. 160. 
Buck, Chas. E. 162, 99, 208, 17. 
Buckley. Thos. H. 248. 
Buckman. C. T. 157. 
"Bug Chaser," 35. 
Burbank, Chas. E. isg, 64. 
Burbank, D. E. 231.' 
Burkhardt, Walter, 12. 
Burial of Rough Riders. 39. 
Burke, D. J. 233. 45, 46, 69, 97, 99. 
Burns, R. M. 226. 
Burns. T. J. 233. 37, 97, 99. 
Burr, Geo. E. 212. 
Burr, Mrs. Mary H. 309. 
"Busy Bees," 100. 
Butler, Gen. B. F. 222. 
Butler, C. E. 87, 106, 46, 47. 
Butler, Geo. C. 146, 47. 
Butler, May, 305. 

Butler, W. H. 88, 122, 35, 37, 46, 47. 
Buzzacott Outfit, 69. 
Cafferty, Jas. H. 310. 
Calf and hound incident, 98. 
Call for troops, Q. 
Callahan. Frank, 233. 
Callahan Bros. 281. 
Camp (Co. A) before Santiago, 59. 
Camp of the Ninth in Cuba, 273. 
Camp of the Second, 195. 
Camp Massachusetts, 21. 
Campbell, B. F. 233. 
Canteens filled, 47. 
Capron, Body of Capt. 40. 
Capron's Battery, 44, 47, 113, 15, 87. 
Carberry. J. .M. 283, 85, 98, 300. 
Cardin, Wm. E. 12, 76, 78, 80. 
Carey, J. F. 283, 98, 300. 
Carey. M. 226, 44. 
Carroll, J. F. 283. 98, 300. 
Carroll, M. W. 226. 
Carrying rations, 183. 
Casey, J. .'\. G. 233, 6r, 90, 97, 98. 
Casey, J. E. 233. 46. 47, 57, 59, 64, 95, 98. 
Casey, J. J. 226. 

Casey, Thos. F. 283, 86, 98, ,300. 
Casey, Win. F. 233, 42, 74, 90, 97, 98, 
Casey, Lieut. Wm. J. 254. 
Cat overboard, 180. 
Cathedral in Santiago, 315. 
Chamberlain, Gen. R. H. 7, 229. 
Chamberlain. W. H. 242. 
Chapman, .Mderman, 151. 
Cherry Hill, 20. 
Chapin. H. T. 119, 46, 47. 
Christenson, E. A. 22, 74, 78, 80. 
Citv Guards, 7, n. 
Claflin, C. H. 160, 16S. 
Clapp. S. E. 5. 12. 34, 42. 52, 74, 78, ,So. 
Clark, Earle E. 162, 203, og, 10, 17. 
Clark, Col. E. P. 18, 20, 21, 33, 38, 41, 51, 62, 
8s, 109, 15, 40, 59, 67, 69, 73, 86, 90, 95. 



Clark. Lieut. F. ^L Jr. S7, 131. 56, 57. 

Clarke, Julius L. 7. 

Clarkson, F. H. 135, 37. 46, 47. 

Cleveland, Capt. Geo. H. 7. 

Cloys, W. O. 166. 

Coan, John J. 229. 

Coat incident, 183. 

Coates, H. .\. 162, 63, 76, 203, 16, 17. 

Cobb, Corp. Edward, 34. 

Coburn, J. J. 87. 

Cocoanuts, 183. 

Cofifee, J. M. 282, 83, 89, 92, 300. 

Cofifee grinder incident. 269. 

Coffee story, 1 10. 

Colbert, Rev. J. D. 235. 

Colburn, C. H. 87, lii, 22. 35, 37, 46, 47. 

Cole, James A. 12. 73, 78, 81. 

Colesworthv, F. E. 160, 162. 

Coley, H. G. 14, 78, 81. 

Collins, Wm. 305. 

Colored soldier shoots, 170. 

Colored soldiers, 46, 180. 

Coniins, L E. 308. 

Conaty, Rev. Thos. 247. 

Concho, 25, 26, 2g, 102, 77. 

Condy. Capt. Wm. A. 7. 

Conklin, Capt. Geo. B. 7. 

Connelly, F. H. 283. 89, 98, 300. 

GMinelly, Jas. 233. 36, 46. 

Ctinnollv, J, F. 226, 97, 99. 

Conrad.' Dr. A. Z. 287. 

Conroy, M. H. 283. 98, 300. 

Converse, Col. H. E. 233, 52. 

Cook, C. E. 162, 84, 203, 16, 17. 

Coolness under fire, 190. 

Cooper, Benj. 12, 14, 78, 81. 

Corbett, Capt. Jas. 225. 

Corbett, P. J. 226. 

Corbin, George, 282, 87. 

Corcoran, C. S. 233, 36, 89, 97, gg. 

Corliss, J. J. 6, 228, 33, 36, 37, 39. 42. 46, 47, 

48, 82, 84, 97. 98. 
Cornwell, Wm. G. 12, 14, 49, 54, 78, 81. 
"Couchee," 232, 34, 36, 41, 48, 49, 63, 77, 80. 
Cove, Mary, 305. 
Cow and sentinel, 173. 
"Crab Hollow," 35, 36. 
Crabs and tarantulas, 185, igi. 
Crab stories, 108. 
Crandall, H. M. 157. 
Crazy man at sea, 205. 

Creaven, J. J. 233. 36, 60, 66, 82, 8g, g4, 99. 
Cronin, D. E. 283. 98, 300. 
Cronin. Marcus D. 5. 
Crooker, L. E. 118, 20, 37,46, 47. 
Grossman, F. E. 88, 135, 37. 46, 47. 
Cruikshank, J. T. 12, 51, 78, 80. 
Commissions given, Co. A, 16; Co. C, gi; Co. 

H, 165: Co. G, 240. 
Cuban beauties, 124; camps, 185; fruit, 35: 

patriots, 39; rains, 121: suffering, 35: 

vegetation, 200: war views, 56; woman 

at fountain, 122. 
Cubans and the tomatoes, 195. 
Cubans at ease, 183. 
Cummings, W. B. 160. 
Cunningham, James, 231. 
Curtis, .\lbert, 83. 
Daicpiiri, 33, 106, 181. 
Dalton. Adjutant-general, 91. 
Daly, D. C. 226. 
Daly, Capt. Wm. 224, 225. 



.{25 



Daly, Will. \V. 226. 

Dand, Thomas R. 12. 

Darling, F. W. 160. 

Davis, C. T. 157. 

Davis, Luke, 71. 

Davis, O. W. 22, 24, 78, 81. 

Davis, Richard Harding. 171, 89. 

Deacon, Win. C. 157. 

Dead in Co. A, 77; Co. C, i?6: Co. 1 

Co. G, 288. 
Dean, F. P. 6. 88. 103, 14, 16, 18, 20. 

41. 46, 47. 78. 
Deaths at sea, 67, 20.?. 
Death begins, 58. 

Degnan, C. J. 2^3. 36, 42, 46. 8q, 97. 98, 
Delahanty. Dr. W. J. 279, 303. 
Delaney, .\niia M. 281, 306. 
Delaney, May E. 306. 
Delaney, Rev. M. 237. 
Delaney, M. J. 233, 36, 46, 97. 09. 
DeMarco, Jos. 175, 81, 90, 204, 16. 17. 
Dennis, W. G. 87, 135, 37, 46, 47. 
Denny, Daniel E. 316, 22. 
Departure of Co. A, 10, 17, 29: Co. C, 8 

Co. G. 231: Co. H, 161. 
Desautelle. A. L. 283. 98, ,300. 
Devens, Gen. Chas. 222. 
Devil, Raising the, 169. 
Devine. Surg. W. H. 234. 48, ^4. 
Devlin, H. H. 160, 162. 
Diary, Co. C man, iig. 
Ditsort, Chas. H. 194, 204, 16, 17. 
Dividing rations, 185. 
Dobbins, Paymaster H. E. 247, 54, 
Dodge, F. E. 157. 
Dodge, Karl H. 157. 
Dodge, Hon. R. B. 11. 15. 135,229.47.8 
Dogs in camp, 251 . 
Doherty, Chas. I. 241. 
Doherty, F. W. 226. 
Dolan, Patrick, 2^,^. 
Donnelly, 246. 

Donovan, Maj. W. H. 234. 68. 
Don Quixote and his Rosinante, 64. 
Doran, F. H. 2ii, 67, 81, 90. 97, 98. 
Dornian, P. 226. 
Downey, Daniel, 231. 
Downey, Mrs. Daniel, 310. 
Dowse, R. H. 87, 122, 24. 25. 36. 39. 47. 
Doyle. A. F. 226. 
Doyle, D. J. 233, 72. 97, 99. 
Doyle. F. P. 233, 36, 37, 60. 65. 97. 99. 
Drabble, Geo. J. 157. 
Drill-shed at Armory, 84. 
Drum, Capt. John. 259, 73. 
Drury. E. F. 125. 31, 35, 38, 47. 
Dry Tortugas, 31. 
Dufault. Dr. P. C. W. 310. 
Dufticld, Gen. H. M. 250. 
Duggan. J. F. 226. 
Duncan & Goodell, 312. 
Duncan incident. Capt. 285. 
Dunn-Loring. 240. 43. 84. 
Dyon, Mai. M. R. 287. 
Earle, Ralph, 5. 
Earle. S. C. .^22. 
Earle, W. H. 160, 68. 
Early, Lieut. James, 231, 301. 
Easton, F. A. 312. 
Eaton, Capt. Edwin, 7. 
Eaton, W. B. 310. 
Eddv. W. W. 88. iiS. 46. 47- 



Edmonds, Lieut. 75. 
Eighth Regiment departs. 237. 
El Cancy. 44. 45, 53. 115. 19. S7. 89. 
El Caney to Santiago, 196. 
El Caney Views, 56. 120. 88, 92. 
Eldridge, C. T. 5. 87, 90, 120, 35, 46, 47. 
El Poso, 43. 57, 116. 

Emmet Guards. 54; story of, 219; volunteer, 227: 
I, 208: leave Worcester, 229, 30; in Camp Dewey, 

2:^2; leave South Framingham. 240: i)ass 
,?5. 40, through Worcester, 241 : in Pittsticld, 241 : 

reach Washington, 243; take a spin. 24(): 

receive pay, 247: march to the Potomac. 

250; receive grifts. 251 : leave Camp .Mger. 

251: Sunday episode. 255; reach Cuba, 

256: at Santiago, 265; secure supplies, 270: 

leave Cuba, 272; leave Montauk, 279; 

home coming, 279: mustered out, 287. 
"Emmet" .Auxiliary, 250; members of, 307. 
"Rmniet" Honoraries. 240, 301. 
"Emmet" recruits, 282. 
English. John. 34. 
I""ntrencliing. 50. 
Fa.gerstrom, O. L. 170, 216, 17. 
Fairbanks. F. L. 12, 30, 44, 66, 74, 78, 81. 
Fairbanks, Maj. H. B. 11, 20. 37. 47. 86, 92. 

95, 100, 14, 31. 34, 40, 61, 65. 69, 206, 

69, 86. 
Fairbanks. W. E. C. 87. 
Falardeau. Henry .-V. 157. 
Falardeau. Leo C. 157. 
Fallon, Dr. M. F. 179, 293. 
Farewells and furloughs, 74. 
Farley, .Vnnie, 281. 
Farmer, .-Mlie L. 162, 209. 210. J17. 
Farnsworth, Calvin, 309. 
Farrell, John, 2.%^. 45, 97. 99. 
Farrow, G. S. 87, 90, 122. 35. 37. 46. 47, 57. 
Father and son incident, 16^. 
Fav, H. R. 4^. 76, 78, 80. 
Fay, L. M. 76. 77. 81. 
Fayetteville. 20. 
Feehan, Madge, ,^05. 
Feet inspection, 178. 
Fennesy, J. G. 234. 
Fenwick Hall, 219. 222. 
Fischer. Chas. -V. 12, 23. 42, 45. 50, 66. 74, 

78. 81. 
Fish, Lieut. E. B. 29, 158. 59, 60. 62. 65. 72. 

83. 93. 200. 03, 15, 16. 
Fish. Body of Hamilton, 40. 
Fisher, Frank L. 157. 
Fishing incident. Lake Parker, 96. 
Fitzgerald, Father. 62. 
Fitzgerald, Hon. J. F. 239. 40, 44. 47, 49. 50. 

5-'. 77. 78. 
Fitzgerald. John I". 301. 
Fitzgerald, J. J. 2^3. 36. '72, 97, 99. 
Fitzgerald, Mary II. 305. 
Fitzpatrick, J. E. 264. 97. 99. 
Flag incident, Daiquiri, 33. 181. 
Flag of truce. 50. 
Fleming, P. J. 283. 84. 98, 300. 
Fletcher, C. T. 87. 114. 31. .55. 37. 46, 47- 
Fletcher. Mayor E. F. 151. 
Flint. Chas. J. 162, 86, 216. 17. 
Flint. Leroy J. 157. 
Florence. 20. 

Florida nights, 97: rains, 175. 
Flvnn, J. H. 135. 37. 46, 47. 
Flynn, M. J. 233, 49. 72, 97, 99. 
Fogerty, J. E. 281, 97, 99- 



326 



WORCESTER IX THE SPANISH WAR. 



Foley, Harrv, 30s. 

Foley, H. P. 226. 44. 

Foley, T. F. 2,53, 46. 

Foley, Dr. T. J. 26g, 75, 76, 77, 79, 303. 

Foley, Thos. 283, 98, 300. 

"Fool Captain," 105. 

Forest, Geo. L. 12, 74, 75. 76, 77, Si. 

Forrest, Frank, 2:^3. 97, 99. 

Fort on Santiago road, 191. 

Fortier, Q. E. 67, 78, 81. 

Fredericksburg, 20. 

Fresh beef, 58, 198. 

Fresh bread, 58. 

Fruit, not healthful, 121. 

Frv, Capt. Jos. 199. 

Fuller. C. M. 182, 216. 17. 

Gage. A. C. 88. 

Gage. W. I. 88. 129, ^^2. 46. 47- 

Gagnon, F. C. 30. 78. 80. 

Gagnon. T. H. 216. 17. 

Gale, F. E. 51. 78, 8r. 

Gale, G. H. G. 5- 

Gale. L. H. 160. 

Gallagher. M. M. 226. 

Gardner. Daniel, 2^^;^. 47. 65. 97, 99. 

Gardner, Geo. H. J. 221. 2^. 

Gardner. R. F. 5. 

Garrett, Michael F. 233. 97. 99. 

Garon, Rev. .A.. S. 308. 

Gates, Asst. Sec, 63. 122. 

Gazette, Worcester, 6, 132, 261. 

Gendron, Jos. S. 162. 83. 216. 17. 

Gilchrist, J. J. 233. 97, 99. 

Gilman, Lieut. W. F. 86, 128. 31. ,^2. x^. 

Gilmore. Geo. C. 173, 82, 216, 17, 89. 

Gilniore. John H. 216, 17. 

Gilmore, Wm. F. 297, 99. 

Gleason, O. J. W. 88, 119. 26. 46. 47. 

Gleason, Willis, 6, 162, 83, 90, 204. 16, 17. 

Gleason and Mower prepare supi>er. 195. 

Glixman. L. B. 102, 46, 47. 

Goggin, David, 301, 02. 

Going home, 62. 

Goodhue, Capt. John M. 7. 

Goodnow. G. A. 160. 

Goodwin, Mrs. Wm. iot. 

Gould, A. W. 162. 

Gowans, J. G. 14, 47, 78, 80. 

Grady, J. J. 226. 

Grady. Maj. F. J, 234. 68. 73. 

Graham, Gen'l W. .\I. 246. 

Gray, Lieut. H. T. 158. 60, 62, 58, 69, 72, 73, 

200, 01, 15, 16. 
Green, E. H. 162, 201. 
Green. John T. 233, 98. 
Green. R.-C. 15, 30, 78, 81. 
Green, R. M. 160. 
Green. Wm. 162. 
Green, Wm. C. 211. 13. 17. 
Greene, Harry H. 157. 
Greene, H. J. 5. 87, 109, 25, 46, 47. 
Greenhalge. Gov. F. T. 159. 
Griffin, Henry, 2,],^, 44, 60, 97, 99. 
Griffin, John J. 234. 
Griffin, Rev. Thos. 229. 
Grime's Battery, 117. 
Grogan. J. A. 226. 
Grogan. M. J. 265. 97, 99. 
Grout, Chas. H. 310. 
Grover, H. C. 6, 36. 73. 79, 81. 167. 
Guild, Lt. Gov. Curtis, 151. 
Guinea hen incident, 197. 



Gully. J\L J. 297. 99. 
Gunnison, Rev. Almon, 11. 
"Gus's" mule, 123. 
Hackett, E. F. 267, 97, 99. 
Hackett. M. A. 226. 
Hagberg, J. G. 30, 49. 78. 80. 
Haggerty, S. F. 283, 84, 98. 300. 
Haile. Lieut. Gov. 132, 35. 
Hakanson. F. H. 162, 63, y,^. 201, 09. 13. 17, 
Hale. Chas. S. 310. 
Hale. F. C. in, 25, 31. 46. 47. 
Hall. Ernest B. 12, 22, 4s, =i2, 60. 79. 81. 
Hall. John. 157. 
Halpin J. H. 2?s. 
Ham. H. H. 87^ 
Hammond. Maj. F. H. 251. 
Hammond. J. H. 49, 69, 79, 81. 
Hampton Roads. 253. 
Harford, Fred'k A. 157. 
Harris, Mrs. H. F. 310. 
Harrison, W. H. 7. 
Hartwell. Hattie. 281. 
"Harvard" entered. 253: incident. 260. 
Hassam, Lieut. W. E. 159. 60, 64. 65. 66. 206. 
Hastings. H. L. 87, 157. 
Hats at the surrender, 63. 
Havener. Mahlon E. 157. 
Hawkins. Paul R. 86. 129. 77, 95. 
Haye, C. M. 160, 62. 63. 213, 14. 16. 
Hays. Fred. R. 12. 15. 22. 40. 79. 81. 
Hayward, A. L. 12. 49, 57, 71. 79. 81. 
Healv. M. J. 273. 89. 92, 99. 
Healy. Lieut. M. J. 283. 
Healy, Richard, 277, 301. 
Heffern, Abbie L 305. 
Heffern. Mrs. Mary. 30s. 
Helmie. Lt. Eli. 259.' 
Help wanted. 38. 
Henderson, R. E. in, 46. 47. 
Henry. Paul. 301. 
Henson. Melvin .\. 157. 
Hewett. Geo. F. 312. 
Hew-ett, Walter R. 157. 
Heywood. John G. 310. 
Hickey, Capt. Wm. 231. 
Higginbothani. C. S. s8. 75. 79. 81. 
Hill, F. M. 160. 62. 70. 216. 17. 
Hill. G. E. 160. 

Hill, Geo, H. 85, 87, 91. 98, 131, 35. 37. 46. 47- 
Hinchley. Wm. A. 12. 
Hinckley. L. C. 12. 
Hines M. E. 226. 28, m, 34. 
Hinkel, F. R. 162. 
Hissing incident, 264. 
Hitchcock, Asst, Surg. 63. 127. 
Hoar. Hon. Geo. F. 132, 278, 303, 12, 22. 
Hoar. M. L. 261. 97. 99. 
Hobbs. Capt. Geo. 7, 220. 

Hobbs, Horace K. 12. 42, 45, 47. 78, 80, 151, 
Hobson, Lieut. 67, 193. 
Hobson's excliange, Scene of, 268. 
Hodgins. G. W. 162. 63. 83, 203, 13, 17. 
Holbrook. J. W. 87. 114. 20. 46. 47. 
Holden. Capt. Chas. S. 5. 158. 60. 61. 62. 63. 
68. 69, 72. 77, 85, 89, 91, 95. 200, 05, 16. 
Holden Rifles, 224. 
Holmes, Jas. P. 2^,3. 
Holton, Chas. E. 157. 
Homesickness. 58. 
Homeland sighted. 68. 130. 
Hooker, Walter F. 162. 70. 204. 16, 17. 
Hopkins, Col. W. S. B. 287. 



au: 



Horan. J. F. 2,1?. ,?6. 4U. 60. 81, Sq. 93, 98. 

Horan, M. J. 233. 35, ,?0. 40. 46, 48, 97. 98. 

Horan. "'Tim." .'36. 

Horses unloaded. .?-. 

Hospital. 58. 63, loS. 

Houlihan. P. F. 226. 

Hoyt, Chaplain, 245. 

Hoyt. John I. 157. 

Hubbard, Chas. P. 162. 

Hubbard. Geo. W. 71, 133. 201, 03. 310. 

Hughs, John J. 225. 

Humes. \V. J. 12s, 46, 47. 

Hurley, Lieut. J. F. 6. 218. 26. 28. ,\l M- 48. 

59, 97, 9^' .?oi. 
Hurley, Mrs. J. F. 304. 
Hurley, T. J. 283. 85. 98. 300. 
Illinois. The 7th. 243, 45, 51. 
Irish stew. 266. 
"Iron bells," 43. 
Israel, Simon, 58, 69, 74. "g. 81. 
Jackson, Gilbert S. 157. 
Jackson, W. Hubert 249. 
Jackson Guards, 219, 20. 23. 
Jefferson, F. R. 204. 16. 17. 
Jefferson, G. N. 160. 68. 
"Jennie." the burro. O4. 
Jersey City, 18. 

"Johnny" marching home. 74. 135. 
Johnson, Albert, 51, "g, 81. 
Johnson, Roland, 87, 94. 146. 47. 57. 
Johnson, W. R. 22, 79, 81. 
Jones, C. A. 160. 
Jones, George, t2. 
Jones. Geo. T. 87, 129. 46. 47. 
Jones, L. S. 160. 62, 81. go. 204. 15. 16. 
Jordan. F. B. 6, 45. 160. 02. 78, 80. 94. g5. -i5- 

16. 
Joyce. F. E. 233. 97, 99. 
Judge, P. J. 307- 
June 17 in Camp Alger, 249. 

Keane. M. A. 257, 83, 84, 85, 98, 300. 

Keegan, J. F. 281. 89. 94. gg. 

Keevan, T. F. 212, 17. 

Kellaher, T. F. 233. 44- K^. 84. 8.S. 98. .^oo- 

Kelleher. T. J. 264. 83. .po. 

Kelley. Bertha. 246. 

Kellev. Dr. J. H. 27g. 80, 82. 

Kelley, Adjt. J. J. 234. 54. 

Kelley. Jos. P. 287. 

Kelley, T. B. 260. 83. 85, g8, .^00. 

Kelley. T. F. 284- 

Kellogg. Lt. Col. E. R. 258. 

Kennedy. John A. 233. 

Kenney. Chas. E. 233. 97. 99- 

Kennedy. D. J. 283. 96, 300. 

Kent. Gen"l J. F. 259. 

Kessell. Robert, 75. 279. 

Kimball. A. D. 6. 162. 84. 91. 201. 10. 17. 

Kincaid. R. W. 87. 90. 122. ,30. 46, 47. 

King, Lieut. A. C. s, 82, 87, gi, gg, 103. 08, 09, 
20, 22, 23, 28. .30, 31, 3^. 4-'- 47. 

King, J. C. 88. 136, 39- 47- 

King, Jas. F. 233. 36. 42. 97. 98. 

King. J. L. 160. 62. 66. 73. g8. 215. 16. 

King. J. W. 162. 216. 17. 

King. Capt. W. H. -■ 

King. \Vm. H. 162. 86. 215. 16. 

Kingdon, Fred, 160. 

Kinney. C. F. 160. 

Kissing girls. 167. 

Kitchner. Lt. D. W. 287. 

Khaki measurements, 60. 



Knapp, Rhoda L. 307. 
Knibbs, C. H. 87, 118. 46. 47. 
Knickerbocker. 29. 31. 32. 33, 103, 05. 78. 
Knight. .Austin M. 5. 
Krebs, F. H., Jr. 162, 70, go. 93, 216, 17. 
Ladies' Auxiliary to the Emmets. 304. 
Latlamme, Jos. T. 5. 12. 43. 47. 52. 60, 79. 1 
Lakeland. 2i. 95. g7, 169. 
Lakeland N'iews. 19. 27. 28. 104. 174. 
Lakeland woman with a gun. 100. 
Lamb. M. B. 6. 240. 79. .301. 02. 
Lambcrton. Chas. F. 12. 15, 23,43. 47. 51. 

8r. 
Lamothe. Major. 33. 
Landing at Daiquiri. 33. 34. 106. 
LaPoint. .-\. C. 160. 
Larkin. John. 233. 36. 64. 67. 97. gg. 
Larkin, J. J. 257. 83. 98. 300. 
Earner. J. F. 233, 48, 64, 97. gg. 
Las Guasamas. ,36. no, 84, 257. 
"Laura and Bessie," 66. 
Lavin. T. F. 2,33. 42, 44. 66. g7, 98. 
Lawrence. E. VV. 162. g4. 216, 17. 
Lawton. General. 113, gg. 
Lcary, Tim. 233. 246. 
Leaving Cuba, 65. 
Lee. Capt. .\rthur H. 171. 
Legasey. John. 247. 
Legion Spanish War Veterans, 317. 
Lego, H. E. 162. 
Lemonade weak, 176. 
Lemons near. 177. 
Leonard. F. C. 233. 64. g7, 99. 
Leonard. \V. M. 283. 85, 98. 300. 
Letter from a private, 128. 
Letter from a Worcester boy, 124. 
Lincoln, Capt. D. Waldo. 155. 
Lincoln. Francis M. 309. 
Lincoln. Capt. Geo. 85. 
Lincoln. Capt. John W. 83. 
Lincoln. Gov. Levi, 83. 
Lincoln. P. W. 87. 102. 24. 46. 47. 
Lincoln. Capt. W. S. 143 ct scq. 
Lindsey. Jos. T. 162, 75. 76. 204. 16. 17. 
Lindscy makes desks. 175. 
Light Infantry. 7. 83; in Camp Dewey. 

Centennial. 149: marching to camp, I 

History. 152. 
Lightning bugs. 183. 
Locomotive fixed, 38. 
Loftus. J. J. 2.33. 97. 99- 
Logan. James, 132, 51. 52. 73, 239. 
Lo.gan. Lt. Col. L. J. 234. 38. 47- 54. f"- 
Lohnes. R. .\. 12. 
Long. Dr. 2-;o. 
Long Bridge. 20. 167. 
Long Island Sound. 135. 
Longley. .\. S. 87. 114. 31. 46. 47- 
Losiltircs. Mount. 181. 
Love. .\Ibcrt F. 162. 76. 204. 15. 16. 
Loveiov. Chas. E. 162. 
Lowell', J. H. 12. 76. 79. 81 • 
Lowell. Jas. Russell. 85. 
Liicke. Lieut. F. H. 12. 13, 16. 71. 73- 
Ludlow. General. 55- 57. 62. 70. 109. 15. 75 
Lvnch. Mary. .305. 
Lvons. E. H. 2.33. 59- 97. 99- 
M'cAdam. A. R. 212. 
Mc.Meer. Dr. Geo. 6. 231. 79. 301, 04. 
McAuliffe. T. J. 231. .303. 
McCafferty. M. J. 223. 24. 
McCallum. L. M. i57- 



328 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



McCann, J. E. 226. 

McCann, Lieut. Wm. E. 6. 53, 21S. 77,80,82, 

90, 97, 98. 
McCartin. M. J. 2,^3. 45, 57, 60, 6.?, 97, 98. 
McCarthy, JMicliae!, Sr. 252. 
McCarthy, Michael, Jr. 236. 
McConville. M. S. 224, 25. 
McCormick, Wm. H. 157. 
McCurdy, A. 226. 
McCutcheon, H. J. 162. 
McDermott, Thos. 248. 
McDonald, John P. 281, 302. 
McGauley, Thos. F. 225. 
McGillicuddy, Rev. D. F. 227, 29, 77, 79, 87. 

^0?, 06. 
McGillicuddy, G. F. 272, 83, 98, .100. 
McGillicuddy. Dr. J. T. 231, 33. 83. 
McGourty. Alice G. 281, 307. 
McGourty. Dr. J. E. 277, 95. 
McGrath, J. J. 233, 49, 63, 65, 97, 99. 
McGuire, Hugh, 233, 36. 59, 97, 99. 
MacKay, John C. 194, 204, 16, 17. 
McKeon, F, P. 231. 
McKenzie, Wm. R. 157. 
McKinley. President. 57. 
McKoan, Dr. J. W. 279, 303. 
McLaughlin, J. J. 210, 11, 17. 
McLoughlin, Peter, 245. 
McMahon, B. H. 279. 
McMahon, E. J. 5. 
McMann, Chas. F. 273, 89, 92, 99. 
McManus, P. J. 240, 302. 
McNeil, Jas. E. 235. 
MacNevin, M. W. 184, 216, 17. 
McSweeney, J. D. 233, 36, 44, 52. 89, 91, 98. 
McTaggart, D. D. 12, 71. 
McTiernan, J. F. 233, 36, 82, 89, 94, 99. 
Magce, Arthur C. 12, 47, 51, 69, 79, 81. 
Magurn, Surg. F. T. L. 2.^4, 50, 54. 
Maher, M.J. 226. 
Elaine, Ironclad, 9. 
Manhansett, steamer, 132. 
Map El Caney field. 45. 
Marble, Jerome & Co. 306. 
Marlow, M. F. 226. 
Marsh, John F. 62. 

Martin, E. J. 88. 117. 35, 37- 4''. 47- .=;7- 
Martin, Geo. 128, 46, 47. 
Martin. II. J. 233. 39, 67, 97. 99- 
M.irtin. Jiihn J. 283, 98, 300. 
Marlni, R. J. 51, 79, Si. 
Mascot, Co A, 64. 
Mayo, S. L 87, 124, 36, 39, 47. 
Mayers, F. R. 160. 

Maynard, F. B. 88, 117, 30, 35, 37, 46, 47, 
Mechanics Hall, Reception in, 2S6. 
Melaven, Alauricc, 224. 
Mermaid adventure, 176. 
Merrificld, W. A. 87. 114, 35, 37. 46, 47. 
Mcrrimac, Steamer, 67, 276. 
Merritt, Chas. E. T57. 
Merritt, Harry, 18, 73. 
Michigan, The 33d, 243. 
Middlesex Post, No. 163, 17. 
Miles, General. 55, 132, 76. 
Milford priest, 93. 
Miller. Colonel, 103. 
Miller, :\Irs. D. McT. 310. 
Mills, A. G. 15, 22, 23. 43, 47, ()4, 79, 81. 
Mills, Geo. 162. 
Mills. H. N. 1 02. 



i\Iiner, Dexter. 182, 204, 16, 17. 

Mirick, H. W. 162, 80, 216, 17. 

Mobile transport, 66, 67, 130. 202. 

Monahan. Ella A. 306. 

^lonroe, C. E. 6. 160. 62. 68. 72. 78, 83. 87. 91, 

93, 200, 15, 16. 
Montauk, Co. .\ at, 79, 131; Co. C, 137; Co. 

H, 204; Co. G, 290. 
Montauk committee. 302. 
Montauk Point. 68. 
Moody. Wm. E. 12. 14, 79, 81. 
Mooncy. J. F. H. 229. 
Moore, John J. 180, 204, 10. 17. 
Moran, John M. 209, 10, 17. 
Alorro Castle, Santiago, 278. 
Morse, Arthur S. 157. 
Morse, Wm. H. 12, 22. 59, 60, 79, 81. 
Morton, Lake, 21. 
Moss beds, 97. 

MoWer, H. A. 160. 62, 70, 72, 83, 204, 16, 17. 
Moj'nihan, D. J. 226. 46. 
Mnynihan, F. j. 279. 
:\Ioynihan. Capt. J. J. 6, 3.^ 218. 26. 28. 33. 

35. 40, 44. 97. 98. 303. 
Moynihan. C. J. 233. 36. 39. 42, 52, 60, 66. 97, 

98, 301. 
Moyniihan, Mrs. P. J. 304. 
Murray, A. F. 42, 78, 80. 
Munger, Geo. W. 157. 

Murphy, Chap. P. B. 239. 45. 48. 51. 54. 67. 
]\turphy, Daniel, 248. 
Murphy, E. F. 269. 97, 99. 
Murphy, J. F. 233, 36, 48. 98, 99. 
Murphy, J. H. 301, 02. 
Mur])hy, Jeremiah, 226, 301. 
Murpliy, Mrs. P. H. 304. 
.Murphy, Wm. H. 233, 49, 57, S3, 96, 99. 
Musician's mishap, 205. 
Muster-in, Go. A. m; Co. C, qi; Co. H, 163; 

Co. G, 235. 
Muster-in Roll Co. A, 80: Co. C, 147; Co. 

11, 216: Co. G, 298. 
Muster-out, Co. A, 75: Co. C, 135: Co. H, 

208: Co. G. 287. 
Nault. J. B. 216. 17. 
Ncedham, Wm. 1. 157. 
Nelson, A. H. 223. 
Newell, F. G. 42, 79. Si. 
New London, 72. 
Newport. 17, 91, 165. 
Newport News, 253. 

Newton, A. E. 162, 63. 82, 05. 204, 16, 17. 
Newton, Capt. L. 7. 
Newton, O. J. 87. 
New York, i6s. 
Nichols, Eli F. 157- 
Nichols, Rev. R. 279. 
Night march from EI Caney, 47. 
N(m-com. officers, Co. C, 98. 
N'orcross, J. O. 160. 
Norton, Edgar H. 162. 
Nugent. ]\L 226. 
O'Brien, j\L J. 226. 
O'Brien, Patrick, 231. 
O'Brien. Thos. 2.^3. 98. 99- 
O'Brien. T. J. 233- 
O'Callaghan, T. H. 261, 98, 99. 
O'Caliaghan, Dr. T. .\. 279. 303- 
O'Connell, P. T. 279. 301. 
O'Connor. D. W. 233. 39. 49. 61, 98, 99. 



329 



O'Connor, Jolm K. jjg. 

O'Connor, Maj. .M. J. 230, 68, 74. 

O'Connor, Rev. P. M. 239. 

O'Day, Patrick, 240. 

O'Driscoll, Michael, 221, 22, 24. 

OTIynn. Richard, 6, 219, 22, 23. 26. 3or. 

O'Go'rman, Minnie. 281, 306. 

O'Keefe, P. D. 233. 36, 39, 66, 69, 71, 82, 90, 

98, 99- 
O'Leary, F. A. 226. 
O'Learj', T. S. 5. 
Oliver, E. G. 88. 
O'Neill, Captain, 34. 
O'Neill, Tho,s. 224, 25. 
Orizaba, 29, loi, 03. 
Osceola, 33. 

O'SulIivaiV I.. .A. 264, 83, 85, 98, 300. 
Out artist afield, 61. " ' 
Owen, F. S. 88. 
Owl and the captain, 185. 
Pando, General, 119. 
Paradis, .A.. J. 162. 98, 216, 17. 
Parker, Chas. F. Jr. 162. 
Patten, Colonel, 142. 
Pay-day, 24, 175, 277. 
Pearson, Col. E. P. 25S, 59. 
Pease, Giles S. 157. 
Pembleton, A. J. 88, in, 46, 47. 
Pepner, Rev. George W. 227, 7, 
Perky, H. D. 132. 
Personals, 138. 
Pettet, F. W. 88. 
Petersen, Dr. A. C. N. 73. 
Peterson, Chas. .-X. 157. 
Philadelphia, 20, 92. 
Physical examinations. 89, 16^. 
Pltinkett. F. T. 226. 
Phinimer. Lient. \V. H. 10. 12, i i, 2>, 34, 49, 

64. 65. 73. 78, 80. 
Plymouth, Steamer, 17, 18, O-^, 165. 
Pickett, Gen'I Josiah, 225, 29. 
Pig chasing, 94, 16S. 
Pickaxe. The only. 197. 
Pierce, E. L. 160. 68. 
Pierce &■ Co., E. S. 312. 
Pierce, Col. F. E. 6, 164. 
Pierce, F. H. 160. 
Pinkerton, Hon. A. S. 287. 
Pinkham, Chas. H. 287, 309. 
Pinkham. Mrs. Chas. H. 309. 
Pitts. R. H. 88. 126, 38, 47. 60. 73. 
Point Mulas. 31. 
Poisonous plant, rgo. 
Poland. Chas. A. 12. 15, 41, 60, 73, 78, 80. 
Pool, Capt. Leonard, 7. 
Pope, J. E. 88, 118, 35, 37, 46, 47- 
Portico, 20. 

Post 10, G. A. R. II, 74- 
Power, E. J. 12. 157. 
Power, J. F. 283. 86, 87, 98. 300. 
Powers, "Patsey," 236: finds a bill, 249: 49, 

52- 
Powers, R. H. 283, 98. 300. 
Powers, Letter of Rev. L. M. 127. 
Pratt, A. W. 162, 63, 73. 90. 91. 216, 17. 
Preble, A. W. 160. 
Prendergast, A. T. 267. 98, 99. 
Prendiville. P. J. 233. 44. 46, 60, 65. 98. 99. 
Prentiss, H. C. 160. 



Preston. Capt. Wm. D. 7. 

Prior. Lieut. W. S. 159. 60, 64, 65. 

Prince. B. .A. 88, 102. 35, 37, 46, 47. 

Provan. Mrs. Flora, 310. 

Purinton, .X. L. 160, 62. 78, 215, 16, 

Putnam, Herbert C. 157. 

Putnam. Davis & Co. 312. 

Putnam, Harrj- S. 5. 

Quarantine, 70. 

Quilty, J. F. 173. 82. 216. 17. 

Quinn. J. Frank. 2^1. ^oi. 

Rand. .Annie F. 281. 

Randall. Harvev. 162, 201, 14, 16. 

Randall. R. C. 87. 

Rations carried. 38. 

Rawson & Simpson. 312. 

Raymond. Maj. F. T. 5, 132, ,?o8. 

Rcardon, John, 305. 

Rebbqli, A. F. 87, 91, 101. 

Rebel yell. 169. 

Recruits for "Emmets," 246, 47. 

Red Cross flags. 122. 

Red Cross supplies. $. 277. 85, 

Reed. Geo. A.- 162. 

Regan. Wm. 225, 31. 

Reina ^ferccdes, 67. 276. 

Reinbold, A. J. 71. 79. 81. 

Relief Committee, 312. 

Resting on March to K\ Cancy. 189. 

Reynolds. C. P. 173, 204, 16, 17.' 

Rhcutan. .A. .A. 131. 32. 3^ 

Rheutan, W. D. 88, 109. 46. 47. 

Rice. Chas. F. 283, 98. 300. 

Rice, P. J. 226. 

Rice. Wm. W. 12. 30, 46. 78. 81. 176. 

Richardson, Chief Alusician. 23. 

Richardson. Mayor Geo. W. 222. 

Rider, Capt. P. L. 6, 85. 86. 87. 92. 100, 31, 

32. 33- 5'. 55. 5". 310- 
Riedl. E. R. 12, 69. 77. 80. 
Riley, Wm. J. 272. 83. 98, 300. 
Riordan. John J. 226, 29. 31, 79. 301. 02, 03, 

14- 
Rix. Geo. E. 87. 94, 135. 37. 46, 47. 
"Roast beef," 31. 
Robbins, Howird W. 157. 
Roberts, John, 305. 
Roberts, W. D. &8, 135. 36, 39, 47. 
Robinson. Mrs. Wm. L. 6, 513. 
Rocky Mount, t68. 
Roc, Alfred S. 5. 
Rogers, John J. 231. 
Rooncv, R. H. 233. 36. 81. 98. 99. 
Ronayne, Dr. J. A. 277, 82. 93. 
Ronajiie. Margaret L. 281. 
Roosevelt. Col. 199. 
Roosevelt's horse. 37. 
Rose. Robert L 157. 
Rough Riders. 36. 39, 108, 10. 
Rmnid Robin. 64. 
Russell, Col. E. H. 229, 79. 
Russell. M. L. 237. 79, 82. 303. 
Russell. R. W. 157. 
Ryan. E. H. 233, 
Salisbury, Stephen. 308. 22. 
Sampson. Wm. H. 157. 
Sands. Chas. ^L 116, 46, 47. 
San Juan Hill, 120, 258, 66. 
San Juan River. 43. 47. 
Santiago Harbor, 32. 130. 



330 



WORCESTER IN THE SPANISH WAR. 



Santiago surrenders, 120, 25. 94, 95. 265. 

Santiago visited, 268, 69; view of, 270. 

Santiago wharf, 271. 

Santiago, Scene of final surrender in, 2S0. 

Saratoga. Transport. 18, 19, 165. 

Sarsfield Guards. 225. 

Savage, G. A. 160. 

Savannah. 20, 95, 169. 

Sawyer. E. B. 12. 42. 74, 78, 80. 

Sawyer, H. N. 160. 

Schofield, W. E. 12, 14, 15, 49, 79. 81. 

Scott. Albert B. 6. 160. 62. 85. 98. 200. 04. 

15. 16. 
Scott, Henry A. 157. 
Scully, P. J. 260. 90. 98. 99. 
Second Mass. and 71st N. Y. contrasted, 

171. 77. 
Second Regiment. 11. 23. 3.V 
Serenade to the Sixth. 2j8. 
Sessions. Frank, 140. 
Seventy-First New York. 18. 20, 22, 50, 92, 

167. 
Severv, Wm. M. 71. 79. 81. 
Shea. P. F. 283. 98. .^oo. 
Shea. Asst. Surg. P. O. 265. 75. 95- 
Shedd, Geo. L. 162, Si. 84. 216. 17. 
Shedd. Roscoe H. 157. 
Shedd. Thomas S. I57- 
Shepardson, A. A. 283. 98. 300. 
Sherman. Rev. Fr. 246. 
Sherman. Wm. E. 12. 14. 79. 81. 
Shoe mending. 198. 
Shooting affray. Lakeland, 95. i"o. 
Short. C. S. Jir.. 160. 

Shumway, Lieut. -col. E. R. 7. n. 18. 34. 39. 
72. :o<5. 24. 31. 34. 38. (A 67. 69. 90.95. 
269. 

Siboney, :^:i. 35. 108, 257. 

Sixth Regt. departs, 238. 

Sixth \J. S. Cavalryman, 116. 

Skerrett, jNIark, 277. 

Skerrett. N. J. 6, 229. ^:i, 66. 67. 69. 81. 97, 
98. 

Sleeper, Chas. W. 162, 98, 216, 17. 

.Slocum, S. 160. 168. 

Smith Charles, 162. 

Smith. C. E. =;. 160. 62. 78. 87, 204. 15. 16. 

Smith Co.. E. T. 31-'. 

Smith. Tas. W. 4-. 45. 79. 81. 

Smith. Wm. S.. Jr. 162. 

"Snowball," 179, 87, 93. 

Soap incidents. 32. 177. 97. 

Sons of Veterans, 11, 74. 

Southmayd. Major, 54. 

Spanish block-house, 262. 

Spanish gun, 322. 

S|)anish sharpshooter. 115, 261. 

Sparrell. C. H. 160. 68. 

Sparrell. F. J. 160. 

Spencer. Wm. H. 226. 

Spiders in Lakeland, 99. 

Spiers, F. R. 160. 

Sprague, Gen'l A. B. R. 7, -'^9. 79. .!oS. 

Springer. F. A. 157. 

Springfield, 135. 

Soy fracas, 238, 39. 

Squires, A. T. 30, 79, 81. 

Stalker. C. D. 160. 

Standish. L. O. 76. 79. 81. 



Standish. Wm. G. 12, 15. 79, 81. 

Steals wagon-Ioiad, 239. 

Stearns, E. A. 88. 126, 35, 37, 47. 

Stebbins, Geo. W. 87, 109. 13. 30. 46. 47. 57- 

Steele. E, F. 258. 61, 98, 99. 

Stevenson John, 214. 

Stevenson, J. C. 87. 157. 

Stevenson, Wm. 157. 

Stewart. A. D. 88. 136, 39. 46. 47- 

Stiles. Maj. F. G. 151, 5-'. ^^i- 

Stiles, Wm. H. 162, 204, 16, 17. 

Stone. Gen'l Ebenezer. 222, 23. 

Strong. Gov. Caleb. 83. 

Studley. Lt.-col. J, M. 221. 

Sullivan, D. J. 226. 

Sullivan, Edw. F. 2^3. 60; his death. 272; 

289. 91. 99- 
Sullivan, Henry. 233. 67, 89. 300. 
Sullivain, Gov. Jas. 83. 
Sullivan. Jas. E. 238. 
Sullivan, J. E. 233. 
Sullivan. J. F. 233. 
Sullivan, Capt. J. J. 254. 
Sullivan. Gen'l John, 83. 
Sullivan, ^largaret, 305. 
Sullivan, P. F. 6. 231, 33, 35, 44, 51, 56, 59, 

69. 77. 97. 98. 300. 
Sullivan. P. J. 233. 55, 60. 97, 98. 
-Sunday in Camp M'ass. 99. 
Surf bathing, ^y. 
Surrender. 57. 265. 
Sweeney. J. H. 233, 46, 39. 98. 300. 
Tableaux in Salisbury Hall, 310. 
Taft. F. B. 88. 119. 20. 36. 39. 47. 
Taft. Fred W. 162. 80. 204. 16. 17. 
Taft. R. B. 160. 
Taft, Robert. 87. 118. 46. 47. 
Tampa, 23. 177; Bay, 24. 
Tansey. Wm. J. 231. 40, 79. 301, 02, 04, 06, 
Tarantula incident, 37. 
Tatman. C. T. 160. 
Taylor, Gen'l Chas. H. 247. 
Taylor, G. P. 160. 
Taylor. J. H. 135, 46, 47. 
Telegram, Worcester, 21, 57, 199, 245. 
Tents for Co. G arrive. 265. 
Thaxter, Levi, 154. 
Thirteenth in the story, 103, 19. 
Thomas. Q. F. 12, 76, 79, 81. 
Thompson, .A.lex. G. 12. 23. 69. 78. 80. 
Thompson. C. W. 162. 86. 216, 17. 
Thomson, Geo. AL 12. 
Tillery, Annie, 168. 
Tinkham, Eugene L. 157. 
Titus. Jos. H. 7. 
Tisdell. Lieut. M. H. 12. 16. 2$. 34. 36. 50. 5^. 

54. 55. 57. 60. 78. 80. 134. 
Tnbacco. High orice nf. 41. 262. 
Tndd. J. E. L. III. T4. 18. 46, 47. 
Tomato can labels. 262. 
Tone. Wm. 226. 
Toner, Wm. H. 231, 301, 02. 
To. , hill. J. J. 226. 
Tdi.mev. D. P. 6. 
Torkelson. L G. 12. 

Torkelson, R. .-\. 12. 22. 49. 57, 74. 80, 81, 
Tdurtelotte, .\. II. 216. 17. 
Towne. City Clerk. 173. 
Tracv. II. P. 243. gS, 300. 
Tr.iver. W. A. 12. 14. 34. 78. 80. 



331 



Trenches, Second .Mass. in the, 187. 

Tribe, Geo. T. 322. 

Tribnte to Post 10, 316. 

Trowbridge, Dr. E. H. 73. 

Trudel, G. L. 204. i6, 17. 

Trnmbull. .Mrs. 133. 

Tucker, !•". J. 135. 37, 46, 47. 

Tnrner, Wm. T. 22, 80, 81. 

Undergrave, Silas, 162, 200. 10, 15, 17. 

Vaughan, C. A. Jr. 87, 102, 37, 46. 47. 

Vaughn, F. T,. 160, 62, 72, 78, 8r, 85, 204. 

15, 16, 
Vesper, Lieut. 41. 66, 67. 
Virgimius Wall, igg. 
Vizard, W. J. 206. 
Volunteer .Aid .Association, 308. 
Volunteer nurses, 306, 07. 
Volunteer physicians, 282, 93, 95, 303. 
Vosberg, E. H. 190, 216, 17. 
Vulcan repair ship, 255. 
Wagner, Capt. C. .\. 123, 244. 
Walker, Hon. J. H. 287. 
Wallace, .Arthur J. 157. 
Wallace, S. .A. 12, 30, 80, 81. 
Walsh, Harry, T62. 
Ward. F. W. 88. 
Ward, Cant. Geo. H. 7. 
Ward, Ralph W. 157. 
Ware, Horace L. 12. 
Ware, J. C. 162, 86, 204, 16. 17. 
Warren, Lieut. H. H. 82, 87, 91, 122, 40, 46, 

47- 

Washburn, F. W. 87. 

Washington, 20. 92, 169. 

Watermelon, The only, 132. 

Waycross, 95. 

"Weary Willies," 173. 

Weaver, Lieut. W. M. m. 165. 2?4- 

Webb, Geo. D. 322. 

Wei.xler, Carl W. 69, 76, 80, 81. 

Wei don, 20. 

Wellington, Gen'l F. W. 72, 135, 59. 22$. 31, 
79, 86. 301, 03. 

Wellington Rifles, 159; at Camp Dewey, 
162; leave Framingham, 165; get the 
cigars, 167; get roses, 168; leave Lake- 
land, 174; nationalities, 175; in the 
trenches, 181; night march, 187; first 
death, 200; leave Cuba, 202; reach 
Montauk, 205; leave, 206. 

Wellvvood, Chap. J. C. 12, 23, 62, 163, 73. 



Wcntwiirtli, II. B. 67, 87, 106, ?o, 36, 39, 47. 

West, Chas. 1'. 286. 

West Point Lieutenant, 70. 

West Point prig, A, 199. 

Wheeler, .A. F. 6, 102, 16, 35, y;, 46. 

Wheeler. II E. 30. 80, 81. 

Wheeler, Henry E. 157. 

Wheeler, Gen'l Joe. 36, 70. 133, 77, 267, 75; 

his letter, 281. 
Wheeler, J. W. 124, 36. 39. 46. 47. 
Wheeler, J. W. 124, 36, 39, 47. 
Whiople. Major, 167. 95. 
White. Peter N. 12, 42, 44, 49, 80, 81. 
Whitinir. Wnv I. 157. 
Wliittakcr, .Abel E. 162. 
Whittakcr. Leaver, 162, 86, 216, 217. 
Whittall. M. J. 279. 
Whittle. Jas. C. 157. 
Williams, Cant. (Co. T). 45. 
Williams, Col. W. .A. 220. 
Wills. A. M. 35, 52. 76, 80. 81. 
Wilmot, T. L. 87, 90. 146, 47. 
Wilson. .A. E. 160. 
Wilson. A. W. 160. 
Wine found, 37. 

Wintcrsgill, .A. T. 87, 90, 130. 46, 47. 
Wiseman, Thos. F. 233. 
Writing material scarce, 193. 
Wolcott, Gov. Roger, 9, 16, 72, 91, 135, 65, 

235. 37. 38, 40. 
Wood, W. H. Jr. 172, 203, 15, 16. 
Woods, H. W. 12. 
■'Wood's Weary Walkers," 108. 
Wooldridge, E. D. 88, 90, 146, 47. 
Worcester Board of Trade, 6. 
Worcester helps the regulars, 132. 
Worcester officers at Montauk, 134. 
Worcester welcomes companies, 207. 
Wounded twice, 49. 
Vbor, City, 23, 24, 107, 72. 
Veaw, C. S. 12. 15, 17, 19, 2S3, 87. 
"Ye brave orderly." 62. 
Young. General, 132. 
Young. H. C. 5. 6. 160. 62, 68, 73. 78. 85, 91. 

95. 204, 06, 15. 16. 
Y'oung. Wm. S. 60. 80, 8t. 
Y. .\L C. .A. in Lakeland. loi. 
Zaeder. Emil. 87, 109, 35, 37, 46, 47. 
Zacdcr, F. J. 87. 
Zaeder. Julius. 131, 32, a.