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W-c/c>6rK 'tJ- y 



O F 


V O L. IV. 


A Colleaion of T R A C T S, 

Relating to 

I R E L A N Di 

Among which are^ 


T O T H & 

People of IRELAND, 

Keceiving Wood's Half-pence; 


Two Oripnal Drapier's LETTERS. 

DubUn printed i and Edinburgh reprinted. 

For G.Hamilton & J.Balfour, and L. Hunter, at 
EMfAurgb ; and A. Stalker, at Ghfgrw ; and k\Ahy 
Ibcai and oduv ^(DDkieUers. 




^ • . ■ 

• f -. 

. ". o 


\ f. 

I • ■-> 

. / 

'. » 

•• J 


• * ^• 

. 4 

THBfiiifiiing VWiiine^««it«ifcfli allftAWrittires 

whereof die Pnnqpal ar^ c4lltd T/ft^ Prti*,Vi £^//,r/: 

and to thefe we have added tm) wlwch ivtre netev 

"^fl^rt*?^; Thejr^vcrfepi^eawd from a Friend 

ilffwd, and faoi^ good Rtafon to ^bl^ve ; AoTet^o 
«i« *«tcr. Jud^pM^iU foori^detcmuite, nvhethcrtttey 

^Wen, totthc iofldwing Letters, arid the other Wri- 

^Pg^«iatittgto«urpoorCoaiitfy, may be very tffefd 

t^i^eniy, by warning them ft>rthef«ttreteopp6rc 

^e faiae, or the like evil De/igns, however i^aSsWe 

Acym^^rfiriiappear tottntWukingPeofrfe; orhow- 
'm^^^j^ikuy^may>ht itprefewcd (like thisr de- 

to^yjde uhe iSp^] H^th^that fmpit^oij or !^y, fey 

profHtute Flatterers, who are fure to find their privikte 

lA^mtiwthe Rain «f ihte>fongdom ; wtiich Ruin 

.woold iwve ccitdnly followed. If fte Author, whoever 
^aicwerc, Aad ^TOt pi*J«Xed*lii8 Letters in themoft 
proper Jundure, and fitted to all Sorts of Readers; 
whereby in two or three Mondis he turned the whole 
Nation, almoft to a Man, againft that iniquitous 
dcheme. ^ 

Perhaps the Reward which the Author met with, may 
appear extraordinary to thofe who may come after us • 
and we hope it will never be forgot. Upon the Pu- 
blication of his fourdi Letter, a Proclamation was ifTued 
out by the Lord-Lieutenant and Council, promifing 
300I. as a Reward to anyPerfonwho ftiould difcover 
the Author of that Letter : But he was then become 
too popular to be betrayed ; and befides, we are in- 
fonnedy it never lay in the Power of the Printer to dif^ 



cover him ; for the Copies were always fent to the Prefi 
by (bme obfcure MeiTenger, who never knew the De- 
liverer, bttt gave them tn at a Window, as the Author 
himfelf obferveth, in a- Letter to Harding the Printer. 
His Amanueniis was the only Perfon trufted; to whom, 
about two Years after, he bellowed an Employment of 
40 1. a Yearj , ars a.Reward for his Fidelity. 

But leil the Particulajr^of this pernicious Projefl may 
be forgot, we think it proper to give a fhort Account 
how it took its Rife. 

About the Year 1722, under the Government of 
Charles Duke QiGrafiw^ fysktWilRamW^ody a Hani- 
ware-man from Lo^don^ and a Bankrupt, by applying 
himfelf to foroe in Power, and alledging the:greatW«nt 
of Copper-Money in Ireland^ procured, by very ijiidireft 
Means, a Patent for coining 1 08,000 1. to pi^s a^ cur- 
rent Money in this Kingdom. It was ibon difcovered 
by the Author to be a vile Jobb from the Beginning 
to the End : and that the chief Procurers of hu Patefnc 
were to be Sharers in the Profits. Thofe Politicians 
here, who outwardly favoured the Proje^l agamfl their 
Confciences (if they had any) called every Oppofidon 
to this Patent, by the Name of ^ng in the Kittg's 

This is enough for the Information of future Readers, 
becaufe the Author, in the Courfe of his Letters, giveth 
full Satisfa^ion upon all Particulars neceilaiy to be 



A Letter from a Member ef the Houfe of Com* 
•**- ;97^;}i /» Ireland, to a Member of the Houfe 
of Commons in England, concerning the Sacra- 
mental Teft. Pag9, i 

APro^alfor the wmtrfat life oflnlh Manufa- 
ifure^ in Chaths^ and Furniture of Houfes^ pcc. 
utterly repfiing every Thing that cometh from 
England. 25 

Some Arguments againji enlarging the Power ofBi* 
JhopSy in letting ofLeafes^ with Remarks onfonw- 
Queries lately publijhed. 33 

L E T T E R 1. 

To the Shop-keepers^ Tradefmeny Farmers^ and 

common People of Ireland, concerning the Brafs 

.Half-pence coined by one'W^AYvam Wood, Hard- 

ware-man^ with a Defign to have them pafs in 

this Kingdom, . . / . 55 

- Li; TT E R ri. 

To Mr, Harding the Printer^ upon Occafion of a 
Paragraph inhis News Pi^er of Plu^. I/?, 1724, 
relating to, Mr. Wooi^s Half-pence. 6^ 




L E T T E R m. 

Some Obfervations upon a Paper called^ The Re- 
poift^^ tbei^onmittfc^f the^c^Hoifdyra- 

. ^ble Rrivy Gdundtln Enl^ondi rHatihg-h Wood V 
Half-pence. Page 8 1 

>LETTE;K IV. ^. 

X^'the^mh^ ^^pplt:of,isaAziii*. - ' 107 

. t 

The Prefentment of the Grand Jury of the City of 
' jiJ!M)li09 <l^ ^c^uni.oftie.'oboifi Lester, - i%y 

,An ExtrM£f sf.a Siock^ 0ttitled^ ^An exedColIe- 
Gtion of the Debates of the Hoiife of 'Gom- 
mons, held at Wejiminjlery 0£t. 2i. 1680. 


"Ti /A^ Right Honourable the Lord Vif count Molef- 
worth. 137 



• • • * 


Jh humble Addrefs to - bofb Jdoufes xtf Parliament. 
By M. B. Drapier. * . 176 

\4 full and true Account of the filemnjPtfic^^ to 
the Gallows^ at the £xeamon ^^Wffliain-Wood, 
Efq\ and Hari'ivare-man. 202 


J- : . i ■• . • . - '- ' 

iln jfyifao&^to a Paper J calUdy A Memorial of the 
poor Inhabitants, Tradefmen and Labourers of 
thfl^ Kingdom of .Tr^iwwt- - 2tj^ 

A fMdeJt Propefal for preventing the OSRAitf ef 
poor People in Ireland, from being q burden to - 
jfitin^RaiViag^wCoiti^iy>^ - antd^foif' fmiSngibM ' 
beneficial to the JhkhUvk^ • : . fil6 

A Vindication of his E^eWncy Jc^niL6rd<&Tt&^ 
retifrom the Charge of favouring none but To- 
ries, High-Churchmen, tf»^ Jacobites. 237 

A Propofal for an A5i of Parliament to pay off the 
the Debt of the Nation^ without taxing the Sub» 
jV^, by which the Number ^f landed Gentry^ and 

' f^bftantial Farmers will be confiderably increafed^ 
and no Perfon will be the poorer ^ or contribute 
one Farthing to the Charge. 256 


An Examination of certain Abufesy Corruptions and 
Enormities in the City of Dublin. 263 

The Intelligencer^ N® 19* 280 

TT?e Advantages propofed by repealing the Sacra- 
mental Tdd; impartially conftdered. 289 

^eriei relating to the Sacramental Teft. 299 

To the Honourable Houfe of Commons^ The humble 
Petition of the Footmen^ in and about the City of 
Dublin. 306 



Tiff laft Speech and Jbing Wttrii of Ebenezer EIHt ' 
fton, who was executed the 2d Day rf May, 
1722. ^ -Page 308' 

7i /£^ Reverend Dr. SvlriftyD.^. P. D with n 
Faper-hookj finely bounds on his Birth-day^ Nov. 
30,1732* . 314 

Ferfes left with a Siher Standi on the Dean ofSn 
ratrick^x De/k^ on his "Birjtb Day. ^ 315 

Verfis wrktin iiy Du SYfffTs 316' 

\ • » 


• »• 

\ > I 

• r 

1 1 



F R O M A 

Member of theHoufecrf 
Commons in Ireland^ 

T O A 

Me mbe r of the Houfe of 
Commons in England. 

Con C ERMIlf 6 THE 

Sacramental Tefi. 

Written in the Year 1708. 

Vol. IV B 



Publilher's Advertifemcnt 

T O: THE . 

R E A D E R. 

the Second Volume of Dodtor 
Swift's and Mr. P^^V MifccUa- 
nies, I found the following Trea- 
tifc^ which had been printed in Lon-- 
don J with forne other of the Dean's 
Works many Years Before, but at firft 
came out b]f kfelf in the Year 1708, 
as the Date (hews : And it was at a 
Jundlurc, when the Dijenter^' were 
endeavouring ta repeal the Sacrament- 
al Tejlj as by common Fame, and 
fome Pamphlets publiflied to the famc^ 
Purpofe, they feem to be now again 
attempting, with great Hope of Sue- 
cefs. I have, therefore, taken the 
Liberty to make an Extraft out of 
tfiat Difcourfe, omitting only fome 
Faflages, which relate to certain Per- 

B a fons^ 

fons, and are of no Con(equence to 
the Argument. But the Author's Way 
of Reafoning feems at prefent to have 
more Weight, than it had in thofe 
Times, when the Difcourfe firft ap- 

The Author, in this Letter, perfo- 
nates a Member of Parliameht here, 
to a Member of Parliamgnt in Englandm 

The Speaker mentioned in this Let- 
ter was j41len Brodericky afterwards 
Chancellor and Lord Miridleton ; and 
the Prelate was Dr, Lindfay^ after:- 
wards Lord Primate. 

DMn, 1735. 






House of Commons^ 



I R E L A N D;. Stc. 


I Received your Letter, wherein you tell me of the 
ftrange Reprefentations made of us on your Sidb ^ 
of the Water. The Inftanceyou are pleafed to 
mention, is that of the Prefbyterian MiJ/ionayyy ' 
who, according to your Phrafe, hath been lately /fr-' 
ftcuteivck Drogheda for l^s Religion; but it is eafy to' 
obferve,' bow mighty indufbious fome People have 
'been for three or four Years paft, to hand about Stories' 
of the Hardfhips, the Merits, the Number, and the 
Power of the PreJhyUriam in Ireland to raife formi-, 
dable Ideas of the Dangers of Popery there, and to tranf- 
ttit all for England, improved by great Additions, and, 
with fpecial Care to have them inferted, with Com- 
Bients, in thofe infan^ous weekly Papers that infeft. . 

B 3 < . pur 

a A LETTEVL/rm a 

your CoiFee-houfes. .So, when the Claufe enabling Sf. 
Sacramental Teft was pat in Execation, it was given 
out in England^ that half the Juflices of Peace thro* 
this Kingdom had laid down their CommifTions ; where- 
as, upon Examination, the whole number was found 
to amount only to a Dozen or Thirteen, and thofe gc* 
nerally of the loweft Ra'te in Fortune and Underhand- 
ing, and fome of them fuperannuated. So, when the 
Earl of Pembroke was in MtiniL, and the Parliament 
fittings a formal Story was very gravely carried to his 
Excellency by fc»ne zealous Members, of a Priefinew- 
ly arrived, from abroad, to the Nortli^Weft Parts of 
Ireland^ who had publickly preached to his People, to > 
fall a murderine the Proteftants ; which Abufe, al- 
though invented (o ferve an End they were then upon, 
and are ftill driving at, was prefently handed ovQr, and 
printed with fhrewd Remarks by your worthy Sc^ib">- 
blers. In likeManner, the Account x}f that Perion, who 
was lately expelled our Univerfity for refledine on the 
Memory of King William^ what a Duft it rai&d, and 
how foully it was related, is.frefti eripugh in Memory,^, 
Neither would Pfeople be convinced, until theUniverfi-, 
ty was at the paitis of publilhing a Latin Paper to ju- 
ftify therafelves. And, to mention no more, this Sto- 
ry of the Perfecution at Drogheda^ how it hath been 
fprea^^ai\d aggravated, >vhatCoi)fe(juenccs drawn from.- 
i^, aiid. what Reproaches fixed on thofe who haye^ 
le.aft deieryed thenij we are. already mformed,. Now, 
if the End of all this Proceeding were a Secret* and 
Myftery, I fhould TiO\ pretend to give it an Interpreta* 
tipn. But fufficient Care hath been taken to explaih it. 
5irft, by, Addrefles artificially (if not illegally) pror 
cured, to fhew the miferable State of the Difienters in ., 
Ireland^ . by reafon of the Sacramental Tejl^ and to de- 
fir< the Queen's Interceffion that it might be repealed, 
'then it is manifeft, that our * Speaker, when he was 
lad Year in England^ foHcitedi in Perfon, feveral. 
Members of both Houfes, to have it repealed by an aft^ 


♦ Mr. Broderki, afterwards Chanccljor, . 

Miniber af Parliaments ^ &c. j 

there, although it be a Matter purely-National, that 
cannot poflibly interfere with the Trade and Intc- - 
rdft-of England^ and although he himibrf appeared for- 
meriy the moil zealous of ^1 Men againft the Injuftice' 
of binding a Nation by Laws, to which they do not - 
confent. And laftly, thofe weekly Libellers, when- 
ever they get a Tale by the End relating to Ireland^ 
withoutonce troubling their Thoughts abourthe Truth, 
always end it with an Application againft y^stSacrament^ 
al 7iftt and the abfolute Neceffity there is of repeal- 
ing it in both Kingdoms. I- know it may be reckoned 
a^Weaknefs to fay any thing of fach Trifles as are be- 
low a ferious Man's Notice : Much lefs would I dif— 
parage the Underflanding of any Paity^ to think they 
would chufe the^vileft and mod ignorant among Man- 
kind, to employ diem for Aflertors of a Caufe. Khali 
only fay, that the fcandalous Liberty thOfe Wretches 
take, would hardly be allowed, if it were not mingled 
with Opinions thaty^mr^ Af^ir would be glad to advance. 
Beiides, how iniiprd foever thofe Papers are, they feem 
to be levelled to theUnderdandings of a great Number. 
They are grown a neceffary Part in Coffee-houfe Fur--- 
xuture, and fome Time or other happen to be read by 
CuHomers of all-Kanks, for Curiofity or>Amufemeut ; • 
becaufe they ly always in the Way. One Of thefe' 
Authors phe* Fellow that was * pUiori0dy I ha^e fbr^ 
got his Name] is indeed fo grave, fententi9us, dogmatir- 
cal a Rogue, that^erejs no enduring him ; the Ob^ 
fer*vator is much the briiker of the two ; and^ I think, 
farther* gone of late in Lies and Impudence than- tfis 
Brefiyterian Brother. 

1 now come to aniwer the other Part- of yt)ur Let^ 
ters, and ihall give you vay Opinion freely about re- 
pealing the Sacramental 7ift : only, whereas you de- 
iue my Thoughts a& a Friend, and not as I am a Mem- 
ber of Parliament)' I muft aiTure you they are exadtiy 
the fame in l^th Capacilies^ 


♦ Daaiil Defot. 

j^ jf LETTER /rm ^^ 

I-jpaA begin by* telling yoo^ we are geaeraQy inr- - 
prifed at ypur wonderful Kindnefs to us on this Occaii* - 
on, in being fb very induftrious to teach us to fee oar ' 
Intereilsy in a Point where we are fo unable to fee it- 
ouffelves. This hath given ns ibme<Sufpi€io&; and^ 
although, in mvpwn Paiticular, I am hi4;ely bent to^ 
believe, iksLt whenever you concern yqufmvcs in oof 
Affairs, it is certainly /br ^ftr Gcoiii yet I have the 
Misfortune to befooiethii^g fingular in t^s Belief, and: 
therefore I never at(^mp$ed to jollify it, . but content . 
myfelf to poflbfs my own private, for fear 
of encountering Men of more Wit^ or Words than I 
have to fpar^. 

We at this Diftance, who fee nothing of the Spring 
of Actions, arc forced, by mere Conje^ure, to ailiga. 
two. Reafons for your deiiring us (o repeal the Sacra- 
mmtal 7ift, . One is, becaufe you are faid to imagine^ 
it will be a Step towards the Me g(fo J fFori in England: 
The other more immediate, that it will open a Way 
for. rewardingyH^tf/ Pirfbm who have well deferved 
upon a great Oce^Jion^ bc^t who are now unqualiHed 
through that Impediment. 

I do nQt frequently quote Poets, efpecially Englijh^ 
but I remember there is in fome of Mr. Co<wleyh Love^ 
Verfi^, a Strain that I thought extraordinary at Fif- 
teen, and have often iince imagined it to be fpoken 
by IreUmd* 

FerbUit^ Heavenl w^ Life flnuld he 
Weigh' d nuiik her leafi Conweniency, 

In fhort whatever Advantage yau purpofe toyoor*^ 
felves by repealing the Sacramental Teft^ (peak it out . 
plainly, it is the beft Argnknent yon can ufe> for we 
valijie your Intereft much more than our own. If your - 
little Finger be fore» and you think a Poultice made of 
our Vitah will give .it any £afe, fpeak the Word, and 
it (hali be done $ the Intereft of our whole Kingdom is« 
at any time, ready to ftrike Xp that of ^ur pooreH: 
fi^ng'Towns ; it is hard you will not accept our Servi- 
ces, unlefs we believe, at the fame time, that you are 
Qnly confulting 6ur Profit, and giving us Marks of your 


Member of Parlhnuntj kcs. 5 

Lave. If there be a Fire at fome Diftaace, and I im* 
mediately blow op my Houfe before there beOccafioo, 
becaufe you are a Man of Quality, and apprehend fome 
Danger to a Comer 0/ jour Stable; yet why fhould you 
require me to attend next Morning at your Levee, with 
my humble Thanks for the Favour you^have done me ?> 

If we might be allowed to judge for ourfelves, we 
had Abundance of Benefit by the Sacramentai Tejf, and 
foreiee a Number of Mifchiefa would be the Confe- 
quence of repealing it ; and we conceive the Obje^ti-^ 
ons made againft it by the Dfffenten^ are of no Manner 
of Force.: They tcUvUs of their Merits in the late War 
in Irelandj^ and how cbearfully th^ engaged for the* 
Safety of the Nation.; thatifthey had thought they 
were fighting only other Peoples Quarrek, perhaps it 
might have cooled their 2^al; and that, for the future^ 
they down quietly, and let us do pur Work- 
oanelve$ : Nay, that jt is neqef&ry they (hould do foy 
fince they cannot take up Arms under the Penalty o£ 
{li^h Treafon. . . 

5Fow, fuppofing them to have done thdr Diity, as I , 
believe they did, and not to trouble them about the 
fly on th» Wheel \ I thought Li^«r/y^ Proper^ ^ and 
Relinm had been th« three Subje£ts of the Quarrel :. 
And. have not, all thofe been amply fecured to them ?- 
H^d they, at that Time, a Mental Refervaii^e for^ 
Pjower SLtidEpifUyptentsF And mufl thefe two; Articles 
he added henceforward in our national -Quarrels ? It is 

Srown a mighty Conceit among, fome Men^ to melt) 
own the Phrale of a Church eftahkjhed hy^ Laiw^ intO: 
that of the Religion of. the Magifirait ; of whidr Ap*' 
pellation it is e^er to find the Reafon than the Sen(e: 
If, by the. Magijlrate^ diey mean the Prince^ the- 
Igflabliihed Church wfis the fame it is now » If, by the 
fame Word, they mean the Legiilature, we defire no» 
more. Be that as it wiU, we of this Kingdom believe 
ihe Church oi Ireland to be the.Njsitibnal Church, and;, 
the only one eftabliftied by Law ; and are willing, by 
the fame Law, to give a foleration to Di/Tenters* Bitt , 
if once we repeal .ws, Sacramental Teli, and gra^t A.?0n 


fr ^LETTER from a 

leratfoffyOf UXy^ni^^t Execution .of the Penal LaWs^ 
X do we can be faid to have any e(labli{h-<> 
ed Chinch ten^aioing ; or rather why there will not be 
as manyeftabliihed Churches as there are Se€ls of Di(^ 
iehtersn No^ fay they, yours will itiU be the National 
Churdf^ becaufe your Bilhops and Clergy are main* 
tainedhy the Publick ; bot Tbat^ I fdppole, will be of 
no long Duration, and it would be very unjuft it fhould ^ 
becauie, to fpeak in 7/Wa/*5 Phrafe, it is not reafonable 
Aat Revenues (hould be annexed to One Opinion mora 
than another, when all are equally lawful j and it is the 
fame Author's Maxim, That no free-bom Subje^ 
ou^ht to pay for niaintaining Speculations he doth not 
bj&U^ve. But *why flxndd any Man/ upon account of 
Opinions be cannot btlp^ be deprin>ed of the Opportunity 
of Jerquing his ^ueen and Country /, Their Zeal is com- 
Hiendabb, and when Employments go a-begging for- 
want of Hands, they ilhall be fure to have the Refufal ; 
only upon> Cbndidoiiy that they will not pretend t^ 
them upon Maxims, which equally include Jtbeiftij. 
TurAs, y^nJoif ' If^/Ms BXid' I&ritich I or ^hich>is ftill 
more' dangemd^, even\Pa;^$2rthemfelves ^' the fbrmer 
yoU' alH>w, the bdier yoU denjv bbcaufe- tbefe laft x>wa. 
a foritgn Power, atidjhereforb muftiielHiitbut. fiat 
there is «o great W^ghtiA4h&, for their >Religion caa 
fuit with' free States, ^ith looited or dbfolute Monar* 
chies, as well as a< bteus: andtke Pop^s Power i» 
France is but a Shadowy & that;' upon this Foot^ 
thei« need' be no great Daagtt* ta tteCosftitution, b)r. 
admitting Pefijh to ^ploymtnts. L will helpyoa 
tO'.efioueh of them^ who Ihall be as ready to aUbw thcr 
Popi as little Power here^ at yoii plea&{ aikl t^e bans 
Opinion of his being Vicar of Cbrift; is hut-z Jpecu/a^^^ 
ti^ePointj for which no Man, it feems, ought to be 
deprived of the Capacity of ferving his Ci)untry-. 

BvT, if you pleafe, I will tell you the great Objer 

4(ion we have againft repealing this fame Sacramental 

^fi. It is, that we ure vetily perfuaded the Confe* 

^lence will be an entire Alteration of Relieion among' 

BSj in a OQ great Compafs of Yiearir AQa> {u-ay ob^ 


tervc, how we zeaftpB here Jn iriUmixxfo'a liu8Ma^ 

We obfeive the ^^rrt!*, in eur Nortl^em Paits, to be 
an indttftrious People, iextreuiely <!evoced to thei/ Reli- 
gion^ and iiiliof an unSft^rbedA^tdHontovrai^t ^adi 
-other. ^Nnmbefs of that noble ^atietty invked by the 
Fertilities bf-the Soil, are glad to exchange their hdx* 
Ten RiSiscof Locbaber by a Voyage of three Hours, 
. for oar fruitful Vales of Dawn and Antrim, io produ* 
lEHre of that Gndn, which a little Trouble and lefs 
Expence, £nds Diet and Lodging for themfelves and 
their Cattle. Thefe People by their extreme Parfi- 
mony, wonderful Dexterity in Dealing, and firm Adhe- 
rence to one another, foon grow into Wealth from the 
firudleft Beamings, never are to be rooted out whei€ 
they once fix, and increafe' daily by new Supplies. 
Besides, when they are the fuperior Number in any 
Tradt of Ground, dicy are rk/tt^erpatient'of Mixture % 
but fuch, whom -they cannot afftnalate, foon £nd it 
their Incereft to remove. I Have done all iii my Pow- 
er', on Tome Landt^f my own, to prcferve two or three 
Englijh Fellows in their Neighbourhood, but found it 
impo^ble, although one of them thought he had fuf- 
ficiently made his Court by turning Prejbyterian. 
'Add to all this, that they bring along with them from 
Scotland, a moft formidable Notion of our Church, 
which they look upon, at leait, three Degrees worfe 
than Popery ; ind it is natural it fhould be fo, fince 
they come over full fraught with that Spirit which 
taught them to abolifh Epfcopacy at home. 

Then we jroceed farther, and cbferve, that the 
Gentlemen of Employments here ma|ce a very conii- 
derable Number in the Houfe of Commons, and have 
no other Merit but that of doing their Duty in their fc- 
rcral Stations ; therefore^ when the Teji is repealed, it 
will be highly reafonable they ihould give place to 
thofe who have much greater Services to plead. The 
Commiflions of the-Revenue are foon difpofed of, and 
the Collectors and other Officers throughout the King* 
dom^ are generally appointed by the Commiilioners, 


e Jl LETTER frm a 

^hieh gave them a mighty Infloefice in eveiy Comr<^ 

ty. As mach may be faid of the great Officers in th« 
iuaw ; and whea this Door is open to let Dijfenurs in- 
tj9 the Commiifions of the Peace, to make them High* 
Sheriffs, Mayors of Corporations and Officers of the 
^rmy and Militia ; I do not f<^e how it can be otherr 
wife, coafidering their Indufby and, our Stupidnefs, 
but that they may, in a veiy few Years, .grow to a 
J^ajority in the Houfe of Commons, andcoafe^ent* 
ly make themfelves the National Religion, and have 
a fair Pretence to demand the Revenues of the Church 
j(br their Teachers. J. know it will be objeded, tha^ 
if all this fhould happen as I defcribe, yet the Prefty* 
terian Religion could never be made the National by 
A^ of Parbament, becaufe oiu* Bifhops are fo great a 
^umber in the Hoafe of Lords ; and without a Ma* 
jority there, the Church could not be abolifhed. But 
I have tnAjo ^ery good ExfuRents for that, which I ihall 
leave you to guefs, and, I dare fwear, our Speaker here 
hath often thought on, efpecially having endeavoured 
At ene of4hemio lately. That this Defign is -not ib fo- 
•reign from/ome Peoples Thoughts,! muu let yon know 
what an honeft * Bell Weather of our Houfe (you have 
hipi now in Enplandj I wifh you could keep him there) 
Jiad the Impudence fome Years ago, in Parliament- 
time, to ihake my Lord Bifhop of Killaloo by his Lawn 
Sleeve, and tell him in a threatening Manner, ^bai 
.he hoped to live to fee the Di^, when there Jhwld mi 
he one of his -Order in the Kingdom, 

TifEsE lafl Lines, perhaps, you think aDk;rei!ion-$ 
4]\prefore to return, I have told you the Coniequences 
we fully reckon upon, from repealing the Sacramental 
^efly which although the greatefl Number of fuch as 
are for doing it, are a£hially in no Manner of Pain 
-about, and many of them care not Threepence whe« 
ther there be any Church or no ; yet, becaufe they pre- 
tend to argue from Confcience as well as Policy and 
Intereil, I thought it proper to underftand ^nd anfwer 
them accordingly. 


f Sufpofid to he Mr* Broderick. 

Membir of PerUamenty &c. ^ 

Kdw, ^r, in As^R^er to your QgefHony whether if 
^any Attempt fhould be made here for repealing the 
S^ramentaUeftj it would be lilcely to fuCceed ? The 
Number of profe&d Diffenten in this Parliament, was, 
as I remember, fomething lyider a Dozen, and I can- 
not call to mind above Thirty others who were expect- 
ed to fall in with them. ..This is certain, that the Pri^ 
fiyUfian Party havine with great Indulby muHered up 
their Forces, did endeavour one Dajr, upon Occafion 
of a Hint in my Lord Fembroh\ Speech, to intro- 
dace a Debate ^)Out repealing the iefi daufe^ When 
chere appeared, A leail, four to one Odds dgainft them ; 
and th^ abkft of thofe, who Wert reckoned the mofi: 
Hanck and thorough-paced H^bt^s upon all other Oc- 
cafions, fell o£F with an Abhorrence at the Mention 

I muft .defire yon to take notice, that the Terms of 
Whig and Tory^ do hot properly exprcfs the different 
Intesefis in our Parliament.. 

Whos v£ft bears a true Venetadon for the gjlorious 
Memory -of King. ^////«w," as our. great Deliverer 
from Pcpify and Slavery : whoever is firmly loyal to 
our pi^nt Queen, with an utter Abhorrence and De- 
teftntion oi xhtPreUnder i whoeveV approves the Suc- 
ceffipn to the Ciowii in the Hoafe of Hanover, and is 
for preferving the Do£bine and Difclpline of the 
Church of fSgUtndi witlt an Indutgence 4cx fcrupulous 
Confciences ; fiich a Man, We think, a£ls upon right 
Principles, and may beiuHly allowed a Whig-y and, 1 
believe, there arc not fix Members in bur Houfe of 
Coznmons, who may not fairly 'come under this De- 
fcription. So that the Parties amone tis are made up, 
on one Side, of moderate Whigs^ ana, on the other, of 
PrefytenJim and their Ahettoni by which laff I 
mean, inch who, can equally eo to a Churchy or a 
Como€«^^hy or foch who are indifferent to all Religion 
in general; br» lalHy, fuch who affe^ to bear a perfon- 
al Rancor towards the Clergy. Thefe laft, area 
Set of Men npt of our own Growth ; their Principles, 
sx leaft, have' been mforted of kte Years ; y^^ this 

Vol. IV. C : whole 

10 A LETTER ji^d»t» 

whole Paity, pat tog^r, vrift not, I ftHi conM#iit» 
amount to above fifty Men hv t^arliamenti which can 
liardly be worked op inilb a Maj^ty of three hnnh 

As to the Houfe of tord&. Hie Difficoky lliete is 
conceived* at leaft, as great as in onn. 80 many t£ 
oar Temporal Peers live in England^ that the Bifliops 
are generally pretty near a Par of the Hoa(^, and we 
reckon * they wiH be all to aMan againft rep^ngtlie 
^efti and yet their Lordfliips are i^ti^ally^oaght at 
g)od/iF'A{^/.uponqorPrinciple^ as an}rifitheKingdonik 
There are/ indeed, a few Lay Lords, who app^ff^to 
have no great Devotion for Epifctf^aty % and )Msrhaps 
one or two more, with whom artmn pemotrfki^M&ti^ou 
inight be ufed for removing any Dificmty whadbever; 
but theie are in no fort of a Number to cany any Point 
againil a' Conjandlon (X the reft, with the whoie 
Bench of Bilhops. 

Besidbs, the entire Bod]^ of our Clergy is ntte^ 
againft repealing theT^/althbu^ they are en^fely de- 
voted to her MajeAy> and haraly bntr in aVondred 
who are not very, good l^gsy in oor Acceptsitiito <ff 
the Word. And I muft let yoa know, Aat we of L^ 
lamf, are not yet come up to other JMis Refiitemimi^ 
For we generally love and efteem om- Clergy, and 
think they defeiye iti nay, we art aptto laj^ibme 
Weight (y)Dn their Opinions, and wooldDot'wHlmgly 
difoblige them* at lean, aiders It Were upon feinegreat- 
cr Point of Intereil than this. And dieir Judgment, 
in die prelent Afiair, is the more t& be tvgaixM, be- 
caofe they are the Ia% Perfons who wffl be afitded \ly 
it : This maketh ns think them, impartial, and that 
their Concem^is only for ^eli^ic^ and die Intisreft e£ 
the Kingdom. . Becaufe, the Ad which repeals iSkc 
Teftg wiu only oualify a Laym4mf6)r ^'Bt^loymeiit, 
but not a Pr^ttrfan or Jnabofiifi' Preadier 1br*a 
Chnrch-Iirii^g. Now I ,muft take leslve td iitforfai 

^ V. Bm Thingj are qmte nUereSin (iai Bench^ Jkm 

Afemhr cf PurBttmenU &c. 1 1 

y%»^. ibat ievcnd MembeiB of our Hcmic» and xnyfelf 
among the reft, knowing ibme time ago, what was up- 
on the Anvils went t» Si the Clergy we knew of any, 
Difhfl^ion, and deiired thfir Judgment in the Matter, 
wherein we found a moft wonderful Agreement ; there^ 
beinr butoMTt Dwiui^ thut wq could hear qf, in thei 
whole Kingdom,, who appeared of a contrary Senti* 
nent; wherein he afterwards ftood alone in the Con-^ 
iifoeaiia»y very little to hil Cn4^t although, as be hoped, 
yery mn A to la&iaiTi/l, 

I will now oonfider, a little, the Aigoments offered 
to fhew the Advantages, or rather Neceffity of reoeal- 
ittg th€ T9ji lA M^mL We ar^ told, the?^^Inte-. 
K§.tt heie id formidable, that all Hands fhould he 
joined to feeep it nndcr ;l that the only Names of • Pi-> 
ftui^ons among ns, . ofshjt to be tliofe ofPrgt^^t 
and P^Jf I and that this Expedient is the only Means 
to tmite all Rroteftants upon one common Bottom, All 
whiiek is nothing but Mifrepiefentation and Mlftake^ 

li* we were mxder amy real Fear df the Pafifis in this 
Kingdoin, tt would be hard to think us fo ftupid,. as 
>6t tt^be equally apprehefifive with 0/ifc«r/, fince we are 
liicely to be the greatei^ lind.i;iore immediate Sufferers ; 
hut, on |he contrary, we look upon them to be altoge-^. 
ther as>ia^iodiderable. 9s the Women and Children. 
llieir Lands are almoil eptirely taken from them, and 
they are rendered nncapable of purchafing anv more^ 
and for tbelitde that remains, Pirovifion is maqe by the 
iBtt'AA agaiu^ Popery^ that it will daSy crumble a* 
way: JVo pevent which* fome of the inoft cbnfider-s, 
abk^among them are alre^y nirnedproteftants^ and. 
fb, in all Probability, will many more. Then, the 
Pe]^(h Priefts are all regiibred, uid without PermiiSi* . 
on (which, I hope, will not be granted) they can have. 
BO S^coeiTors; fo that the Proteftant Clergy will find 
k, perhaps, no difficultMatter to bring ||^reatNumbe|g. 
ever to liie Chorch; and, in die mean time, the com-% 
mon People, withoot Leaders, withont Difcipline^ or 
aahmd Courage,- being little better than Hewers of 
WMd mid Drmntn rf Watery are out of all Capacity 

C.2. oC 

12 A UETTESifrma 

of doing any Mirchief, if they were erer fo well in- 
clined. Neither are they, at all, likely tD joint in any 
confiderable Numbers wkh an hvaikr^ having fiound 
fe ill Succefs when they were dinck more numerooa 
and powerful ; when ehey'had a Piince of their owa 
Religion to'head'themy had been trained for fome 
Years under a Pffpifi Deputy^ and received fnch mighty 
Aids from the French King. 

As to that Argument aied for repealing the Tefii 
that it will unite all Proteftants againft the cmiimm Rtu^ 
f^ I I wonder by what Figure Choie Gentlemen fpeak, 
who are pleafcd t6 advance it: Suppofe» in ocder to in*^ 
> creafe the Friendfhip between you and .me, a Law 
fhould pafs that I mu(^ have half your Eftaterdo yba 
think that would much advance the.Uinon between 
us ? Or, fuppofe I (hare my Fortune equally between 
my own Children and a Stranger ^ whom I take inta 
my Protection ;' will t;hat be a Method to unite them? 
h is an odd Way of uniting Piarties, to deprive a Ma-^ 
jority of Part of their antient Rieht, by conferring ic on 
a TaQion who had never any Ri^t at all, aiid therefore 
cannot be fald to fuffer any Lpfs or Injury, if it be re- 
fufed them. Neither is it very clear» how far fome 
People may llretch the Term oi cmrnau Enemy z Hovir 
many are there of thofe^that call themfelvesProteftants^ 
who look upon our Worfhip to be idolatroaa as well as 
that of the Faft/s, and with great Charity put Pre/or)^ 
and Popery together, as Terms convertible^ 

A^D, therdTore, there is one fmall Dattbtlwould 
be willingly fatisfied in, before I agreeto the lepealing 
of the Jefi ; thaf is, whether thefe fame Proteftants» 
when they have, by their Dexterity, made themfelvea 
the National Religion, and difpofed die Church Reve- 
nues among their Pafiars or Them/el*vis, will be fo kind 
to allow us Difienters^ I do not fay,, a Share in £mpk)y- 
»encs, but a bare Toleration by Law. The Reafon 
hf my Doubt is^ becaufe I have been (o very idle aa 
to read above fifty PamphWts, writien by as many Pr^- 
fhytericiTt Di vi nes, loudly d iicl ai ming this Idol ToieHiti9tt & 
lome of them calHng it (I know Qot how properly) %. 

^^ ofsf^n* ^nd ^ agi^ngf >t was to qfiaiUifi h^ 
pfiiy bf a l^fm. Now, J would be gUd xo know 
whf n and where /^> iucciJIm have renounced this 
Do^iBie» and before what Witneflies. Becaufe, me* 
th> I fhodd be ]oth. to lee my poor tito}ar Bilhop 
in pmrtihuii iei^ed on by Miftake in the Dark for a Je- 
fuitj.or be 6wced jnyieljF to keep aChapiain difguiied.-^ 
like my Buder» and fteal to Prayers in a back Rooniy. . 
9& my Grandfather aied' ia ti^fe Times when the 
Church of j^i9i^/0m/ was maiigHnnt. 
. .B.UT jhiiis ripping^ap old Quarrels long forgoTf ^0- 
f^ry/i^jIQf/ thficomf^n M^my^ agsunft^which we muft * 
aU noice : f haw been.tired in Hiftory with the per- 
petwid PoUy.of thofe ^mtfis, wht> called in Foreigners 
to aiEft them againil a cmmsn Enmjf : But the Mifs 
K^ef was, thefe JJJUj would never be brought to al« 
low that tJie.r^gmsmr Emrnj^ was qaite MkIu^ : And 
th^y had Reaibn ; for it provcfd at Jaft, that one Fart 
.•f the (wuiMi Mnmy was thofe who j:alled them in y 
9iod fo tbe 4Uifs became at len|;th the Mafttrs. . 

It is agrped» amof^Naturatifts; i^a^ a tim is alar'* 
g!Qr» a iiroiigeK and si more dangeroqs Enemy than a. 
£ea ; yet if a Man were to have his Choice, either a 
. Li^nM his Foot, bound faft with dlrei^ or Ibiir Qhaii»v 
his Teeth drawn qfst, and his Claws pared (o the 
Quicks or an angry Cat in full Liberty .a^hi^ Thioal ; 
lie would take no long^Time to deterjo^ne* ^ 

I have been fomeitimes admirijiig the-wondeiful Si- 
gmiieancy iOf that Wos^d Tsrfttmimt an^what various 
losespret^tionft it hath acqiuijed j&ism within nay Me* 
mory. When Iwas a Boy, I oft^ heard the Prejby^ 
urioKf co]?iplain> that tbey wiere aotpennil^d to ferve 
God in their own Way ; they fiud, .they did not ns- 
ptne at our £mploysieiii^, btut .thought dbat all Mep, 
who live peaceably, oughbto have I^iboty of Confci- 
ence, andJLeave to ailemble^lSMut Impediment bein^ the Revolusaon, they ibon Isaraed to fwal- 
kyw the SacraumialTgfi^ aodbegattlo tajte. very large. 
Steps,, wherein :aU. who offered. to (^pofejhem, were::-. 
caUcd Men of ^^tt^uuthg Spirit. During the Time 

C ^ the 

H A LETTER //wt a 

the Bill againft occasional Conformi^ was on Foot, 
PerficuHon was tvtiy Day ruag in our Ears, and now 
at lafl the Sacramental TeJI itfelf has the fame Ntime* 
Where then is this Matter likely to end, when the 6b* 
taining of one Requeft is only uied as a Step to deflnand 
another? A Lover is ever complaining of Cruelty^ while 
anything is denied him ; and when the Lady ceafelh ta 
be cruely fhe is from the next Mi^ent at his Mercy : 
So Ferfecution^ it ieemeth, is every Thing that will not 
leave it in Mens Power to perfitute ^ttbers. 

There i& one Argument oitered^gainft the Sacra^ 
menfa/ Tefi, by a Sort of Men who aie content to be 
ftylcd of the Church of England^ f^ho, perhapSy attend 
its Service in the Morning, and go with their Wives 
to a Con'veniiile in &e Afternoon, confefling they hear 
very good Do^'n'e in both. Thefe Men are much 
offended, that fo holy an Inilicution as that of the 
Lord's Sapper, (hould be made fobferVient'tofuch mef • 
eenary Purpofe^, as the getting of an 'Employmeifl. 
Now, it feems, the LawconcludtngallMento beMeoi* 
bers of that Church where'they receive the Sacrament; 
atid fuppo(ing al(l Men to live like Chidftkim («fpeGiia2%r 
thofe who are to have EiaifJ(»yments) did imagine thep 
received the Sacr^ent, in Courie about four times ^ 
Tear, and therefore only defir^d it might appear by- 
Certificate to thePublick, that iuch who took an Offiice 
were Meifibers of the Church eftabllihed, by doing; 
their ordinary Duty. However, kft nntfifonid offtni. 
tMm, we have often deiired they would deal candidfy 
with us j[ for if the Matter ftuck only there, we: would 
propofe it in Parliament, that every Man who takedi aa 
Employment, fboutd, inile^ of receiving the Sacra- 
ment, be oblio^ed to fwe^r, that he is a Member of the 
Church of Ireland by Law eftabliihedy with Epi/cofaey^ 
andfo forth $ and as they do noWrin Scoiiamd, to he true 
to the Kirk, But when we dnvc them^ t\m& far, they 
always retire to the main Body Of the Areument,. 
urge the Hsu^Onpthat Men.iboald be deprived 
the Liberty of fervine their Queen and Country, on 
Account of their Gonicieiice ; And^ m Ihoit, )j^t Re* 


Mfv/iStr of ParUamenty 5ecr 1^5 

Morfe to' the common. Style cif their half Brctben. 
Now, whether this be a fincsff Waj q£ argumg, I 
■Will appeal to aay other .ludgmbnt but theics. 

Ther E ts another Topick ofClamoiir Somewhat p»* 
rallei to the foregoing %, \t feemetfa, by the Te(l Clau6» 
the Miiitofy 0£cers>ar^ obliged to receive the Siicrap 
. nent as well as the CML And it is a Matter of fome 
Patience^ to hear the Dijenters dedatming «pon diis 
Occaiion: They cry they are difarmtd^ they are.uft^ 
likePi^^j; when an. Enemy appears at hom^* or 
from abroad, they, muft fit ftilL and fee their Tlu^oats 
cat, or be hanged ibr High Trc^afon if they offered .10 
defend themfelves. Miferable.Conditio^ ! Woe/ul J3i- 
leanma ! It is happy for us, all, that the Pretender waa 
not apprifed of this pajfive Brtjbytmam Friociple, j^ 
he woold have infallibly landed in our Narfh^ Party^ 
and found them aH fa& d^wn in th?ir Farmaliiies,ri|s 
the Gauh did the ^(^w^^rSeiialprs,/ read)^r|»:die wiUt 
Honour in their Callings, Sometiines, m aj^afe th^ 
Indign^on,;we lee^tuEe'to giv«er;thein Hopeo, that, vi 
fuch a Cafe, the .Government will perhaps cpnniv^, 
and baldly. be ^ feveie tohang't^kemfof.^efen^ingjc 
againft die Letter of the Latv ;. «o>«/hich they readil|^ 
anfwer, that they will not ly at our Merely, battel us 
£ght onr Batdes parfelves. So»eti|nfs. vtp oiFef to 
get an Ad, by which, upon aU f^pi/Jif I^&f re^ns |t 
home, or P<^^ Invasions froni abroad, the GQVfni-' 
n?>etit (hall be impow^red to granJt CommiiTiops tp jdl 
ProteHaats whatever, : without* that fcujeci^ting Ci^- 
cumftance Of obliging them to^ ^heir Priy^swhext 
tbey receive the. Sacrament; but they abhor all 
Thoughts .of 9f(afi§n^ Commiflions, they will ^ot 4o 
our Drudgery, and we reap the. Benefit; i^is not worth 
their while to fight ,fr$ ^#. ^ foch s and thejr hijd 
rather loieth^ £ftates> Lib^ties^ RjeUgion^ and LivQs» 
than the Pleasure of ^^tffty'i^.^ ^ 

B ITT to bring this Difcoone towards a Condufio]|( : 
If the Diflenc^rs will be/fttis£ed with fuch a JoUration 
by Layv, as hath beei^gratiledthe^in Enz/am/fl be* 
lieve die Maigrity of .bptt^ Q<>uf^ will im readily |a 

ft <A. LETnK/rm it' 

widilt; faitWriti^ be Jitia to porfiiade Ats'tioofe 
^CoaaAont, tnd^ periiapf, mucb hania: t(iQ next. 
For, to lAf die Tratn, we make « oiigjhty D^renoe 
li^reibeeMefi ibflfering Tkifiitt ft>^row aiaoiig ut»iand 

* wealing them for ^fot. • Wc^aie Miy.GOBviiiced in 
-ear Conrdeftces, that 1Vf9baX\ always dlermit them, bst 
-KOt qttite-- ib folly, diat Tii^ will tAwaysJoitrmUmf, 
when it Cometh to their Turn i attd#f> arc the Majo- 
rity, and: fi^€ are in PoflSbffieir. 

He whoargoeth in Defence of ft Law in Force, Jiot 
a0ti«[ubtBd brobiUete, but lately enaded, is certainly 
on ttle faftr ftde, and may be allo¥«ed to point one die 
'Banf^i he Conceivieth to fbrefee tn die Abitjffatiettsof xr. 

For; iflhe Cohfequences of icpealing this Cianfe. 
IhOuld, as fome time oi^ other, enacde the Prefyurimit 
to woric themielves op into the National' Chorcb in» 
-ftead ^umshtg P)roteftaifCs> it wooli fow eternal Divi- 

* ions aaK^g-them< Firft^ their own Scds, which homt 
'iy dormftrft) wonld be ioon at CMk again with each. 

* other, abOQt Poller and Pr^femient ; and the Dtffent- 
ing^fifcofals^ parhAp^t'diTcotiiDented lo fuck a Degree, 
aa, ^i^t^kOAit fiArunhitfftf Occaiion^ wpaid be n- 

'6le to fhake the firrteft Loyalty, which nlone can deny 

'-dieirsto be. •. • '* • 

N £ I T H E R is it very difficnlt to conjcftiire^ firom Ibmr 

•late Proceedings, . ai^wkat iRate this FaQioH is Itioe to 

; diff^ ^hetiever it gets the Wkp arid the Sem. They 

- hav^ alteady fet up Cogrta of Spritual jodicatore, ii^ 

ep^n'>€oiitempt of the Law: « They fend MijpMiatUs 

^tvety where, without bekig ioTited^ in order to eomvart 

the Church of England Folks to Ckriftiwuiy. They 

are as yigilant as / hawnaho, to. attend Fesfons on 

their Death^beds, and for Pnrpoiea much alike. And 

Vhat Pradices fuck Princi|4es 4(s t^fe -(with maiiy o- 

diers that might -be An'vidioua to^^ntion) may Ipttwn, 

when they are Jaul otaHif ftt' Sifp, you mfay detcraiiae 

at Leifure. '' ' ' . ' 

LasTiiY, whicther^wc hre^^itirely fure x)f' their 
Jjoyalty upon the prk(int^Fb<fttof <jOvefntneiit as you 
inayimni^e^ihlSi' l>etra£tim«iMikea Qgeifon, which 
' " howerer^ 

MiffAiT of ParUamittty &c. 27 

hofwevcTy doth» I think» hy no Means aiFe6k the Body 
of Diffenters \ but the Inftance produced, is of {amt 
among their leading Teachers in the 'Norths who re- 
fused the AhjuratioH Oath^ yet confinSe their Preach- 
ing, and have Abundance oi Followers. The Parti- 
caiars axe out oi my Head, but the Fad is notorious 
enough, and, I believe, hath been publifhed i I think 
it a Pity it hath not been remedied. 

Thus I have fairly given you> Sir, my own Opini- 
on, as well as that of a great Majority in both Hoafes 
hejne,«' relating to this weighty Affair, upon which, t 
am confident you may fecurely reckon. I will leave 
yoa to make what Ufe of it you pleafe. 

% . 

. \ 

-». . 

? • 

* , 

. •:■ I 

• « * 



Universal USE 

o F 


I N 

CSoatbs and Furmtttre of Haufesy &c. 

Utterly Rejectikg and Renovmcinc 
every Thing WttarabU that comes from 

Wiittm ia die Year 1720. 


T P 






» * 

A '> 5. 

1 1. ' i 

% J 


T ' • * 


* • 



Universal USE 

O F 

Irifti ManufaBurCy &c. 

IT is the j>ecQliar Felicity and Prudence of the Peo- 
ple in this Kingdom, that whatever Commodities^ ' 
or Produdlions, \y under the greateft Difcourage- 
nents from England^ thofe are what they are fore to 
be moft indulhious in cultivating and fpreading. A* 
griculture^ which, hath been the principal Gate of all 
wife' Nations, and for the. Encouragement whereof 
dierc are fb many Statute-laws in England^ we counte- 
nance fb well^.that the Landlords are every where, by 
penal Claufejt abfolutely prohibiting their Tenants 
from, plowing ; not fatlffied to conmxe them within 
certain Limitations, as it is the Pra6tice of the EngHJh ; 
one Effe^ of whiph is already feen in 'the prodigious 
Deamefs of Cotn, and the Importation of it from Z(?»- 
don, as tile cheaper Market : And,, becaufe People are 
the 'Bj<brs of a Country^ and that our 'Neighbours have 
done, and are. doing all that in them ly, to make our 
Wool a Drug to us> and a Monopol/ to them; there- 
VoL. IV. D fore. 

26 A PROPOSAL f9r 

fore» the politick pendemen of IrtUmi have depo- 
pulated vaft TradU of the beft Land for the feeding 
of Sheep. 

I could fin a Volume as large as the Uifiory of the 
nwji Men ofGoatham^ with a Catalogue only of fome 
nuomierfiiih%w% and Cuftoms we have obferted within 
thirty Years paft. It is tn[e>* indeed, our beneficial 

^ Traffick of Wool with France, hath been our only 
"Support for feveral Years pafl ; fiimiihing us all the 
litde Money we hs^e to p<|y tut Rents and go to 

' Market. But our Merchants aiTure me. This Trade 
bath recBt^ved a great Damp hy the frefent fiu3uating 

» CoHdition nftht C^fn in. France.;^. fiiofi of their 

i Wine is pidd'for in Specie, nviibont canyiHg Hrither a»f 
Commodity from heme. 

However, fince we are fo univerfally bent upon 

. enlarging our fkchs, it may be worth inquiring, what 
we (hall do with our Wool, in cafe Bamftaple fhould 

. be overftocked, and our Trench Commerce fhould 

Ifhodd indfh the Parliament had thought fit to 
liaye fufpended their Regulation of C&Mrr/T Matters, 
and £nl9rgements of the Prerogati've, until A moce- 
convenient Time,, bccaufe. they. did. not appev very 

.prefling, (atrleaft to the ?Gr{ons principaily cfmcertfed) 
and; inflead of tbofe great Refinements in SoRH^is 
and Dittinity, had amujed themfelves and their Gom- 
initeees, a little,, with the State of the Nation. For 
Example : What if the Houfe of Commons had. 
thought, fit to make a Refolution, Nendne 'Cfinfradzcoite, 
agsiinft wearing any Cloth or Stuff in their Families, 
which were not of the Growjh and Mazmfa^uve. of 
this Kingdom ? What if they hadextended itiafar, as 
ntterly to exdude all Silks, Velvets, Calicoes, ^stdthe 
whole U^icon of! FemiJe Fopperi^ ;, ai^ declared,, 
that whoever a(ied otherwife, fhould. h^ defined and 
reputed an Enemy to the KattQU'f Whatif^^had 
fent up fttch a Refolutipn tohe agreed tp by. the.Hpufe 
of Lords ^ and by their own J^radUce and£auQpurag^- 
ment, fpread thfi Execution of it in their feveral Coun- 

the Universal \Js%j fcfr. 27 

tries } What if we (hould agree to make Bttrying in 
Woollen a Tajhion^ as oar Neighbours have made it a 
law ? What if the Ladies would be content with 
Irijh Staffs for the Furniture of their Houfes, for 
Gowns and Petticoats to themfelves and their Daugh- 
ters \ Upon the whole, and to crown all the reft, let a 
firm Re/olution be taken, by Male and Female^ never 
to appear with one iingle ^hred that comes from Eng'^ 
land', and let ail the People fay, AMEN. 

I hope, and believe, nothine could pleafe his Ma- 
jefty better than to hear that his loyal Subjeds, of both 
Sexes in this Kingdom^ celebrated his Birtb-dey 
(now approaching) uni'ver/ally dad in their own Ma- 
nufaf^ure. Is diere Virtue enough left in this deluded 
People to fave them from the Brink of Huin ? If the 
Mens Opinions may be taken, the Ladies will look 
as handfome in Stuf& as Brocades, and fince all will 
be ei][ual, there may be Room enough to employ their 
Wit and Fancy in chuling and matchmg t^attems 
and Odours. I heard the late Archbiihop of ttum 
mention a pleafant Obfervation of fome body's $ that 
Ireland nuould never be ha^ till a Law ^were made fir 
burnine e*uefy Thing, that came from England, except 
their ^ple and their Coals ; I muft confefs, that as 
to the former, I fhould not be forry if they would 
^y at home ; and for the latter, I hope, in a litda 
Time we fliaQ have no Occafidn for them* 

^•n tanti mtra efi, ntn tanti ^udicis 9firuf»* 

But I (hoold tejoice to fee a Stof-lace from Mkg^ 
land be thoudht fcandalous, and become a Topick 
for Cenfiire titFifits and Tea-tables. 

If the mithinking Shop4ceeper8 in this Town, had 
not been utterly deftitute of common Senfe, they 
would have itiade fome Propofal to the Parliament^ 
with a Petition to the Furpofe I have mentioned ; pro- 
miiiQg to improve the Qoths and Stuffs of the Nation 
into all fofjible Degrees of Finenefs and Colours^ and enga* 
^ng not to fhey the Kname^ according to their Cufiemp 

Da ^ 

»8 ^ PROPOSAL /«r 

hy ixoBing and impofing up&u the NMiity ondGiMry^ 
either as to the Prices or the Goodnefs. For I remem- 
ber, in London^ upon a general Mourning, the rafially 
Mercers and Woollen Drapers^ would in four and twen- 
ty Hours, raife their Cloths and Silks to above a double 
Price i and if the Mourning continued long, then 
come whinging with Petitions to the Court, thai they 
nvere ready to Jfamte, and their Fineries lay upon their 

I could wifh our Shop-keepers would immediate^ 
think on this Propofal, addreifing it to all Perfons of 
Quality, and others ; but iirft be fure to get fome bo* 
dy, who can write Senfe^ to put it into Form; 

I think, it needlefs to exhort the Clergy to follow 
this good Example, becaufe, in a Utile ^ime, thoft a^ 
mang them nvho are /o unfortunate to hoFve had their 
9irtb and Education in this Country ^ nmll think them" 
fehves abundantly happy, nuhen they can afford Iriih 
Q^ape, and an Athlone Hat; and as to the otherr, I 
Jhall not prefiime to diredt them. I h2|ye, indeed, ieen 
the prefent * Archbifliop of Dublin cXzdi from H^ad to 
Foot in our own MsUiufadlure ; and yet, under the 
Rofe be it fpoken,' his Grace dejerveth as good a Gown, 
as if he had not been bom among us. 

I have not Courage enough to offer om Syllable on 
this Subjeft to their Honours of the Army : Neidier - 
have I fuffidently coniidered the great Importance of 
Scarlet and Gold Lace, 

The Fable, xnO<vid, ofJrachneznd.PaUas^.is to 
this Pnipofe. The Goddefs had heard of one ^eubne 
a youne Virgin, yery famous for Spinning and Wfa- 
Hfing: They both met upon a Trial of Skills' and 
Pallas finding herfelfalmoft equalled in her own Art, 
ilung with Rage and Envy, knocks her Rsvaldown, 
turned her into a Spider , enjoining her to ^in and 
nveave far ever, out of her o*wn So^-els, and in a 'very 
narrow Com^fs. I confefs^ that from a Boy, I always 
pitied poor Arachne, and could never heartily love 
the Goddefs, on account of fo cruel and unjufi a Sen* 

tenet I 

• Dr. King. 


the UmvtRSAL Use, i^c. 19 

ttucti wMchy however, u fiJfy executeti tcpon VShf 
Engiaid, n^hk fbrtficrAddttioiw of Rigtntr and &w- 
rity. For the greateft Part of otfr Bowels ttnd Vitedf 
is ezdlaaed, wkhont afiowing tts the Libdty <X Jj^* 
^ng and tJoiOFving them. 

The Scripture tells us, that OffnJ/kn nuAitha^fi 
^lanmedi therefore, coniequently fpeakttt||» the Rea- 
ion why fome Men are not mad^ is becaate they arc 
not wife : However, it were to be wifhed, th« Oj- 
freffimt would, in tittle, teach a little IFifdom to F$dh. 

I ^as much delighted with a Perfon, who hath t 
great Eftate in tSkis llh»rdom, upon his ComplaintB tO' 
me, botw grie'vtmjfy POOR England fyffers fy htpofitions 
from Ireland. "That tne coteur^ om onvn Weoi to France, 
in J^te of aU the. Harjwes «# the jCufi^m-houfe. That, 
'^. Shatdewordii, and others ottthe Cheihire Coafis^ are 
fitch Foots tofilfns their Batk at a good Priee, fir tan^ 
mg our own Hides into Leather ; with other Enormttiet 
^fthe Uke Weight and Kind. To which* I will venture 
to add more : That the Mayoralty of this City is aiwajfs 
executed hy an Inhabitant, and often by a Native, which 
^ght as well he done by a Deputy, with a moderate 
Salary^ whereby POOR En^and lofeth, at leajl, one 
ihoufimd Pounds a-Tear upon the Balance. That^ the 
g^erning of this Kingdom cofis ^ Lord^Lieutenanf three 
^boufandfix hundredPoands orYeafy fo much neat Lofs to 
^OOR England. That, the People of lrt]zri& prefume 
to £gfor Coals in their own Grounds ;, and the Farm^ 
frs in the County ^of Wficlclow find their Turf tb the 
'^ Miiriet (f DnbUni t9 the great Difcoura^ment of 
the Cnal^tradi at Moftyn inri/ Whitdhaven. ^hat, the 
^^evenues of the Poft-offioe here^ fo rigbteoufly belonging 
to the Englilh Treafiary, as arifing chiefly from our own 
C^mmeree with eath other, ^otdd be remitted to JuOndon^ 
clogged (with that grienjous Burden of Exchange, and the 
Pen/tons paid out ^ tbe Irifti Revenues to Englilh Fa- 
vourites, fhovid'ly under the fame Difadvantage, io' thef' 
l^tat Lofs of the Grantees, When a Divine isfent wir 
^0 a Bifhoprick here, with the Hopes of five and twenty 
^'^red Pounds a^l^eat\ uptm his Ari^al^ hefiidip alas ! 

D 3 'Of 


a Jlruidfid Difcmft •/ tin vr t^jehn per Cent, A 
Jadge» 9r aOovBoanSkxtysr of ibe RtHfea^^ has tbifum 
Camft rf Comflaiwt. Laftly, Tift B4illiui upom Cotter 
u.^oiibimntlfful^aii to i« Irifli Mamfaduni and jet 
it alhwid to he fimg in ear open Streets, imder the verp 
Noie of the Government. 

These are a few among the maav Hardfliips we 
pot upon that POOR Kingdom ofEnghmdi for which,. 
lam confident^ every boHefilAzxi m^e^^Remedf : And, 
I hear, there is a Proved on Foot for tranfpotting our 
beft Wheaten Straiv, by Sea and Land Carriage to 
DtmfiabU ; and obUging usiya Law, to take off year- 
ly fo many Tmt of Straw Hats for the Ufe of our Wo- 
men ; which will be a great Encouragement to the Ma- 
nufa^re of that induibious Town. 

I would be glad to learn amone the Divines, whe« 
tker a Law to hind Men tvitheut their own Confint, be 
obligatory in/hro Con/dentist ; becaufe^ I £nd Scripture^ 
Sander/on and SuareK, are wholly iUent in the Matter^ 
The Oracle ofRe^fon, the great Law 0/ Nature, and 
Kneral Opinion of Gviliam, where-ever they treat of 
timited Govemrnentr, are, indeed, deciiive enoagh. 

It is wonderful to obferve the Bias among our 
People in favoor of Things, Per/ons and IFares of all 
Kinds that come from England. The Printer tells 
his Hawhers, that he hath rot an excellent no'w Songjuft 
brought from London. ) have fomewhat jqf ^ Ten- 
dency that \^ay myfelf; smd uponhf:aring^a.CA«nu^ 
from ihence difplaying ^rofelf, witl^ ereat Vpliibpity, 
npon the Park, tht Plajf^heisffi, i^yperaf. the Ga- 
ming'Ordinaries, it ,was apt to beget in me a Kind of 
, Veneration for his Parts and Accomplifliments. It is 
not many Years, &ice I remember a Per/on who, by 
his S^le and Literature, feems to have been Corre^or 
pf a Medge-preis, in fome BUndallej aboat UttJe^ 
Britain, proceed gradually to be an Juthory at leaft 
a * Tranjlator of a lower Rate>. althougb fixiiewhat 



* Suppofed to be C^r^rVCommctttaries^ ded^ted 
ci the Duke of Mtrlborough. 

the UNiy£S.8At Us7, CTr. 31 

of a larger BiUk^ than any that tyoiw fonrybeixn GtmI* 
firut ; . and, opon the Streng^ of tki$ Fpuada^on^ 
come over here ; ertS himfelf up into an Oratcr and 
Folitician^ and lead a Kingdom aw him. ^ This^r I am 
told, was the 'very Moti'vi that prevailed on the * Ju' 
thor of a Play c^led. Love in a hollow Trie, to do o^ 
the Honour of a Vi£it; preiuming with very good 
Reafon, that he nvas a Writer of a/uperior Clajs, I 
know another^ wiio for thirty Yearg paft, hath been the 
common Standard of Stupidity in England^ where he 
was never head a Minnte in any JJemhly, or by. any 
Party, with common Chrifiian Treatment } yet, upon 
his Arrival hither, could put on a Face of Importance 
and Authority, talked more than iix without either 
GrcKifulnefs, Prepriety, or Meaning ; and at the fame 
dme, be admired and followed as th^ Pattern of £/0- 
fuence and Wifdom^ 

Nothing hath humbled me fp much, or ihewn a 
greater Difpofition to a contemptufiuf Treatment of i^<^ 
land in (ome chief G^a/^ns^rj, than that high Style of 
feveral Speeches from the Throne, delivered as nfoal 
after X^' Royal JJJent, vajome Periods of the two laft 
Reigns. Such Exa^eratipns of the prodigious Conde- 
fcenfions in the Prince, to pafs tho/e good Laws, would 
have but an odd Sound at Wefiminfier : Neither do I 
apprehepd,. how siny £ood Law can pafs wherein the 
King'*& Interefl is not as much concerned as that of the 
Pe^e. I remember, after a Speech on the like Oc- 
caiion, delivered by my Lord Wharton, (I think it 
wasliis'lail) he deuredMr. Addifon to ajk my Opimon 
of it : My Anfwer was. That his Excellency had 'very 
boneftly forfeited his Head on account of one Paragraph ; 
njjberein he afferted, by plain Confequence^ a diipeniing 
Power in the ^neen. His Lordihip owned it was true^ 
but /wore the Words were put pst/^ his Mouth by di* 
red Orders from Cocnt. Prom whence it i». cl€ar> 
that fome Minivers in thofe Times, were apt„ from 
their high Elevation, to look dv^vn upon tlu9 King- 
dom, as if it ha<f been one of their Colomt of Out- 

♦ Lord G^tnfin 

ja w/ PROPOSAL fvr 

€i^ in Jmmcm. And I obfenr^ a Ikde of t&e ^me 
Tttra of Spirit in fomc great Mek, horn whom I 
expedM better; akhoogh to do them Jaffice, it pro- 
vied w> Point of Diftciilty to make tKem correa tbehr 
Jjita, whereof the tvl^k Ne^om quickly found the Be- 
nefit.— Bnt that^is^^r^o/ZM How the Style hath 
fince nm» 1 am wholly a Stranger ; having never feen 
a Speech fince the laft of the C^een. 

I wocdd now expoftulate k litde wi^ our Countty 
Landfords; who, by unmeafiirable^^fw/v^and rack' 
itfl^their Tenants all over die Kingdom, have already 
reduced die miferable People to a worfe Condition dian 
the Peafknts in France^ or the Fafaii in Genrnay and 
Poland I fo that the whole Sfectts of i^at we call 
SuMantial Farmers^ wil?, in a very few Years, be nt- 
terfy at an End. It was pleafant to obfinire riiefe 
Gentlemen, labouring with all their Might, fi:>r pre- 
venting the Bijhops from lAtin^ their Revenues at a 
moderate half Vahie, (whereby the whole Order 
woidd, in an Age, haVe been redticed to manifeft 
Beggaiy) at the veiy Inftant, when they w«re every* 
where canting their own Lands upon fhort Leafes, 
and faerificing their oldefi tenants for a Penny an Acre 
advance. I know not how it cometh to pafs/ (and 
yet, perhaps, I know well enough) that ^lan)es have 
a natortfl^ Difpofition to be Tyrants \ and that when 
t&Y Betters give me a Kick, I am apt to revenge it 
with fix upon my Footman i although, perhaps, he 
may be an honeft and diligent Fellow. I have heard 
great IHvines affirm, that nothing is /» likefy to call 
d^wn an uni'verfal Judgmeittfrom H^awen ufm a Na^ 
tion^ as tmi'verfal Offrr^on \ and whether this be not 
akeady verified in Part, their Worjhips the Landlords 
ane «ow at foltLeifiire to confider. Whoever tra- 
vds this Country, and obfcrves the Pace of Nature^ 
or the Fkch, and' Habits, antf DwelKnw^ of the Na- 
trves, will hardly think himfelf iii a Land where 
either. Law, Religion^ er centmon Huaanity is pro* 


the Uni¥£ASAL UsEy bTc 33 

l cannot forbear faying one Word upon a ninf 
they call a J^^jfi, which, I hear, is projei^g in this 
Town. . I never faw the Propofais, nor nnderftand 
any one Particular of their Scheme : What I wiih for. 
at prefenty is only a fufficient Provifion of Hemp ana 
C^s and Be//i, to di^bate according to the feveral 
D%rees of Hoiufiy and Prudence in fm^ Per/ont, I 
bear only of a monftrous Sum already named % and 
if OTHBUs do not foon hear of it too, and beeir it 
with a Vengeamce^ then am I a Gendeman of lefs Sa- 
gacity than myfelfy and yerf few befides take me to 
be. And the Jeft will be (till the better, if it be tme, 
as judicious Perfons have aiTored me^ that one Half 
of diis Money will be reai^ and the other Half al- 
together imaginary. The Matter will be Jikewife 
much mended, if the Merchants continue to carry off 
our Gold, and our Goldfmithi to melt down oar 
heavy Silver^ 



A.R G U M E N T S 

AgmSt Enlarging the 

Tower of BISHOT^^ 

1x1 Letting of 



Remarks on fome i^ertes lately 



Mihi credite^. major har4dUas Vinft umcuiqm ,vi^^ 
ftriim in iifdem bmka jun i^ a kgihus^^ pumi 
"dk its a quihu iUa ipfa bona nlkhtfmt* . . 

Ckera pna A. Casoint*; 

• • • ■ .' ■ * ' / « 

Written is thr-Yeaiiija^. \ 






Agaunft Enlarging the 

Power of BIS HOP Sy &c. • 

IN handling this Sub||fl» I ihall proceed wholly 
upon the Suppofition, that tho(e of our Party, 
who profefs themfelves Members of the Churdh 
Eftabliihed, and under the Apoftolical Government 
of BifhopSy do deiire the Continuance and Tranf- 
miflion of itJto Poflerity, at leaft^ in as good a Condi- 
ti9n as it is at prefent. Becaufe, as this' Difcourfe is 
not calculated for DiiTenters of any Kind $ fo neither 
will it fuit the Talk or Sentiments' of thofe Perfons, 
who, with the-Denomination of Church-men, are Op* 
frtShn of the inferior Clergy, and perpetually quar- 
relling at the great Incomes of the Bifhops ; which is 
atraditional Cant delivered down from former Times, 
and con^nuedwith great Reafon, although it be now 
near zoo Years fince almoft three Parts in four of the 
Church Revenues have been taken from the Clergy : 
Beildes the Spoiis th^t have been gtaduiUly made ever 
fince of Glebes and other Lands, by the Confufion of 
Times, the Fraud of encroaching Neighbours, or the 
Power of OppreiToi** too^esjit to be encountered. 


agmnft Enlarging the Power^ &c. 37 

About the Time of the Reformation, many Popifi? 
Bifhops of this Kingdom, knowing they muift have 
been foon ejeded, if they would not change their Re- 
ligion, made long Leafes and Fee-farms of great Part 
•of dieir Lands, referving very inconfiderable Rents, 
fomedmes only a Chiefry, by a Power they afliimed, 
diredtly contrary to many antient Canons, yet con- 
iiflent enough with the Common Law. This Trade 
held on for many Years after the Bifhops became Pro- 
teftants ; and (omc of their Names are fdll remembered 
with Infamy, on account of enriching their Families 
by (uch faciilegious Alienations. "By thefe Means, 
Epifcopai Revenues were fo low reduced, that three 
or four Sees were often united to make a tolerable 
Competency. For fome Remedy to this Evi], King 
James I. by a Bounty that became a good Chri- 
ftian Prince, bellowed feveral forfeited Lands on 
the Northern Biihopricks : But, in all other Parts of the 
Xixigdom, the Church continued flill in the fame Di- 
ftrefs and Poverty ; fome of the Sees hardly poffeifing 
enough to maintain a Country Vicar. About the Mid • 
die- oi King Cbarlis I.'s Reign, the Legidature here 
thought fit to put a Stop, at leaft, to any further Alie- 
narions; and fo a Law was enaded, prohibiting all 
Bifhops, and other EcdeiiaiHcal Corporations, from 
fetting their Lands for above the Term of Twenty 
one Years ; the Rent referved to be one Half of the 
real Value of fuch Lands at the Time they were fet ; 
without which Condition the Leafe to be void. 

Soon after the Refloration of King Charles II. the 
Parliament taking into Confideration the miferable 
Eflate of the Church ; certain Lands, by way of 
Augmentation, were granted to eight Bifhops in the 
A6t of Settlement, and confirmed in the Att of Ex- 
planation ; of which Bounty, as I remember, three 
Sees were, in a great meafure, defeated ; but, by 
what Accidents, it is not here of any Import^ce to 

This, at prefent, is the Condition of die Church 
mlrtland^ with regard to Epifcopal Revenues : Which 

Vol. IV. E J 


I have thas briefly (and, perhaps, iin^rfe^Uy) de- 
duced for fome lDfortnatioi>'to thofe, wKbfeTliDaghts 
do not lead them to fuch Coniid^ations. 

By Yirtue of the Statute alroady mentioned under 
'King Charles I. limiting Ecclefiailical Bodies to the 
Term of Twenty one Years, andel-'the referv^d Rent 
of half real Value ; the Biihops have hadibme Share 
in the gradual Rife of Lands, wi^oat which they 
could not have been fupported-with any oommoa 
Decency that might become- their SCiation. It is a- 
bove eighty Years fince the paffmg of that Aft : 
The See of Mtatby one of the b«ft in the Kingdofn, 
5vas then worth abont 400 1. ^r nwrnm % the poorer 
ones in the fame Proportioii.' If' this were their pre- 
fent Condition, I cannot conceive how tKey would 
have been able to pay for th^r Patents, or buy their 
Robes : But this^will ceitainly be the Condition of 
.their Succeflbrs, if fuch a Bill (hould pafs, as>- ^ey 
fay, is now intended ; which I will fuppofe^ and be- 
lieve, many Perfons, who may give a Vote for it, are 
ftot aware of. • 

However, this is the Ad which is now attempted 
to be repealed, or, at leait, eluded : Some are for 
giving Bifhops Leave to let Fee-farms 5 others would 
allow them to let Leafes for Lives ; and the moft 
moderate would repeal that Claufe, by which the Bi- 
Ihops are bound to let their Lands at half Value. 

The Reafons for the Rife of Value in Lands are 
of two Kinds. Of the lirft Kind, are long Peace and 
Settlement after the Devaftations of War 5 Plantati- 
ons, Improvements of bad Soil, Recovery of Bogs 
and MaHhes, Advancement of Trade and Manufa- 
Aures, Increafe of Inhabitants, ^Bncouragement of 
Agriculture, and the like. 

But there is another Reaibn for die Rife of Land 
more gradual, condant and Certain ; which will have 
its Effeds in Countries that are very far from flonriih- 
ing in any of the Advantages I have juft mentioned : 
I mean the perpetual Decreafe in the Value of Gold and 


agatnft Enlarging th» Powery &c. 39 

Siher, I (ball difcourie upon thefe two dilTerenc 
Xinds^ with a View towards the Bill now attempted. 

As to the £rft : I cannot fee how this Kingdom is 
at any Hei^t of Improvement, while four rarts in 
five of the Plantations for thirty Years paft, have been 
real Difimprovementa ; nine in ten of the Quickfet- 
hedges being ruined for want of Care or Skill. And 
as to Foreft- trees, they being often taken out of 
Woods, and planted* in iingle Rows on the Tops of 
Ditches, it is impoffible they fhould grow to be of ufe, 
fieauty or Shelter. Neither can it be faid, that the" 
Soil Of Irelandis improved to its fall Height, while fo 
moch lies alllVinter under Water, and the Bogs made 
almoft defperate by theill-cutting of the Turf* There 
hadi, indeed, been fome little Improvement in the 
Manofadures in Linen and Woollen, although very 
fliOTt of Perfedion : But our Trade was never in fa 
low a Condition. And as to Agriculttfre, of which 
all wife Nations have been fo tender, the Defolation 
made in the Country by engrofling Graziers, and the 
great yeaily Importation of Corn from Englandy arc 
lamentable Inltanoes- under what Difco^ragement it 

But, notwithilanding all thefe Mortifications^ I 
foppofc there is n© Wcll*wiiher to his Country, with- 
out a Ktde Hope, that in Time the Kingdom may be 
on a better Foot in fom$ of the Articles above men- 
^oned. But it would be hard, if Eccleitaftica} Bodies 
ihould be the only Pferfbns- eacdoded' from any Share 
in pnblick Advantages ; which yet can never happen' 
without a greater Share of Profit to their Tenants : 
\i Offends Rain equaJfy upon the Jufi and tht Vrmtfi ; 
why ihonld thofe who wait' at his Altars, and are 
Inibudors of the People be cut ofF from partaking in 
Ae general Benefits of Law, or of Naure ? 

But, as this Way of Reafoning may feem to bear a 
more favourable Eye to the Clergy, than perhaps wilt 
fiiit widi the prefcnt Difpofition, or Fafhion of the 
Ag^j I ihall^ therefore, dwell more largely upon the 

E z fccond- 


fecond Reafon for the Rife of Land, which is iht per^ 
petual Decreafe of the Value of Gold and Silver, 

This inay be obferved n^om the Courie of the Ro» 
man Hiffcory, above two thoufand Years before thoie 
inexhauftible Silver-mines of Potofi were known. The 
Value of an Oholus^ and of every other Coin between 
the Time of Romulus and that of Auguftusy gradually 
funk above five Parts in fix, as appears by (everal Paf- 
fages out of the beft Authors. And yet the prodigi- 
ous Wealth of that State did not arile from the In- 
creafe of Bullion in the Worlds by the Difcovery of 
new Minesy but from a much more accidental Caufe> 
which was^ the fpreading of their Ccfiquefts, and 
thereby importing, into Rome and Italy^ the Riches of 
the Eaft and Weft, 

When the Seat of Empire was removed to Conftafi" 
tiuople^ the Tide of Money flowed that Way, with- 
out ever returning ; and was fcattered in Afia, But 
when that mighty Empire was overthrown by the 
Northern People, fuch a Stop was put to all Trade and 
Commerce, that vail Sums of Money were buried^ to 
efcape the Plundering of the Conquerors; and what 
remained was carried off by thofe Ravagers. 

It were no difficult Matter to compute the Value of 
Money in England^ during the Saxon Reigns ; but 
the Monkifh and other Writers fince the Conqueil, 
have put that Matter in a clearer Light, by the feveral 
Accounts they have given us of the Value of Corn 
and Cattle, in Years of Dearth and Plenty. Every 
one knows, that King Johii^ whole Portion, before 
he came to the Crowii, was but five thoufand Pounds^ 
without a Foot of Land. 

I have likewife feen the Stewards Accompts, of an 
^antient noble Family in England^ written in Latin^ 
between three and four hundred Years ago, with the 
feveral Prices of Wine and Vidluals, to confirm my 

I have been at the Trouble of computing (as others 
have done) the different Values of Money for about 
four hundred Years pafl. Henry puke ofLancafter, who 


again/t Enlarging the- Powtr^ Sec* jf,T 

Inred aboBt that Period^ fbunded smHo(^ital in Za- 
ceJifT for a certain' Number of old Men; charging 
his Lands with a Gmot a- W<«fc to eadiibr their h&in* 
tenance, which is to ifcia Day duly paid them. In thofe 
Times, a Penny was eqaal to Tenpence Half-penny^ 
and Annewhat more than half a Farthing in ours ; 
which maketh about eight Ninths Difference* 

This is ^phmaMsfy mm the old Caftom upon many 
Mates in Bngiand, to kt for Lea&s of Lives, (renew^* 
able at Pieafore) wheoe die referved Rent- isufoally 
abont. 12 Fbnce a Pound, which then was near die half 
real Value : And although the Fines be notfjced, yet 
die Landlord gets altogether not above three Shillings* 
in the Pboiid of the Worth of his Land : And the 
Tenants are ib. wedded to this CuAom, that if the 
Owneis&if&r three Lhrcs to ej^tre, none of them will 
take a Leafe on other Conditions ; or, if he brings in 
a Foreigner vi^e will agcee to pay a reafonable Rent, 
die other Tenants, by all Mnmer of Injuries, wilt 
make, that Foreigner fb uneafy^that he mull be forced 
to quit the Farm; as the late Earl of jKs/^felt, by 
the Expenence of above ten. thonfand Pounds Lofs. 

The gradual Decreafe for about two hundred Years 
after, was. not coniiderable, and therefore I do not 
rely on the Account given by ibme Hiitorians, that 
Harry the Vii. left behind him eighteen hundred 
thonfand Poinds ; for although the Weft*^Inditi were 
difcovered before his Deadi, and although he had the 
helb Talents and Inftmrnenta for exacting df Money, 
ever pofiefled by any Prince fmce die Time of Veffa- 
fian^ (whom he fefembledin many Particulars) ; yet 
I conodve, that in his Days, the whole Coin of Eng- 
land coidd hardly amount to fnch a Sum. For, in the 

Reign> of Philip and Mtxry, Sir Cociain of Derby- 

Jhirey the befl: Hoafe-kcepfer of his Quality in. the. 
Cooaty, allowed his. Lady 50 Pounds a- Year for main- 
taining the Faqiily, one Pound a^Year Wages to .each 
Servant,, and two Fbniids to the. Steward; as I was 
told By a Perfon of Q^nHty. who had leemthe original 
Account o£ his. Odeonomy. . Now this Sum of 50 

£ 3 Pounds, 


Founds, added to the Advantages of a large Domaiir, 
might be eqaal to about five hundred Pounds a-Yeaf 
at prefent, or fomewhatciore than four Fi/thj. 

The great Plenty^ of Silver in England began in 
Q^ EJiscalitii^s Reign, when Drake, and others, took 
vail Quantities of Coin and Bullion ^m the Sfamards^ 
either upon their own Amtncan Coads, or in their 
Return to Spain, However, fo much hath been im- 
ported annually from that Time to this,^that the Value 
of Money in England, and moft Parts of Europe, is fank 
above one half within the ^ace of an hundred Years, 
notwithftanding the great Export of Silver for about 
eight Years p&,> to the Eaft^Indies, from whence it 
n^er returns. But Gold being not liable to the fame 
Accident, and by new Difcoveries growing every Day 
more plentiful, feemeth in Danger of becoming a 

This hath been die Progrefs of the Value of Money 
in former Ages, and muft of Neceflity continue &> for 
the future, without fome new Invafion of Gothi and 
Vandals_ to deftroy Law, Property and Religion, alter 
the very Face of Nature ; and tuifn the World upfide 

I muii repeat, that what I am to fay upon this Sub- 
jed, is intended only for the Conviction otthofe among 
our otjon Party, who are true Lovers of the Church, and 
I would be glad it ihould continue in a tolerable De- 
gree of Pro§)erity to the End c^ the World. 

The Church is fuppofed to laft for ever, both ia its 
Difcipline and Dodlrine ; which is a Privilege com- 
mon to every petty Corp(»'atioh, who muft likewife 
obferve the Laws of their Foundation. If a Gentle- 
man's Eftate which now yields him a thoufandPoiinds 
a^Year, had been fet for ever at the higheft Value, 
even in the flourifhii^ Days of King Charies IL 
would it now amount to above four or iiYt hundred 
a^ moft? What if this had happened two or 
three hundred Years ago ; woidd the referved Rent 
at this Day be any more tlian a fmall Chiefry } ^up- 
pofe the Revenues of a Bifhop to have been under the 


again/i Enlarging thi PaWir^ Sec, 43 

fame Circumftances ; could he now bo able to perfom 
Works of Hofpitality and Charity? Thus, if the Re- 
venues of a Biihop be limited to a thoofand Pounds 
a- Year; how will bis Succeflbr he in a Condition to 
fupport his Station with Decency, when the fame De- 
nomination of Money (hall not anfwer an Half, a 
Quarter, or an eight Part of that Sum ? Which mull 
unavoidably be the Confequence of any Bill to elude 
the limiting Ad, whcoeby the Church was preferved 
from utter Rnin. 

The fame Keafon holds good in all Corporations 
whatfoever, who cannot fiulow a more pernicious 
Pradtice than that of granting Perpetuities, for which 
many of them fmart to this Day ; aldiough the Lead- 
ers among them are often fo flupid as not to perceive 
it, or fometimes fo knavifh as to find their private Ac« 
count in cheating the Community. 

Several Coueges in Oxford were aware of this 
growing Evil about an hundroi Years ago ; and, inftead 
of limiting their Rents to a certain Sum of Money, 
prevailed with their Tenants to pay the Price of. fo 
many Barrels of Corn, to be valued as the Market 
went, at two Seafons (as I remember) in the Year. 
For a Barrel of Com is of a real intrinfic Value, which 
Gold and Silver are not : And, hy this Invention, thefe 
Colleges have preferved a tolerable SubMence, for 
their Fellows and Students, to this Day. 

The prefent Biihops will, indeed, be no SuiFerers 
by fuch a Bill, becaufe, their Ages confidered, they 
cannot exped to fee any great Decreafe in the Value 
of Money ; or, at worftt they can make it up in the 
Fines, which will probably be greater than umal, up* 
on the Change of Leaiesinto Fee-farms, or Lives, or 
without die Power of obliging their Tenants to k real 
half Value. And, as I caimOt well blame them for 
taking fuch A4ventage$» (confidering the Nature of 
Human Kind) when the Queftion is only, whether 
the Money (hall be put into their own or another 
Man*s Pocket : So they will be never excuf^le be- 
fore God or Man» if they do not to the Death op- 



fofeV dfdam aad'piotaft agaialban)! iachBilU ai OMift 
in its Confequences coaiiplete.the &iia of the'Chorch 
and oTtiwirowii Ordfer in this Kingdosi. 

Ip the Fortune of » private Perfbiihe diminifiied 
hy the Weaknefs or Inadvertency of his Ancdbors, in 
letting Le^es for ever at low Rents, the Wot hi liedi 
open to his Induftry for pwchafingof more ; bat tho 
Church is barred by a deoii Haad; or if it were other-* 
vnUsy ye| dM Cuftom^of making Ifeqoefts tx»i it^-hatb 
been out of Prance for almoft two. hoodred Years^ 
aa^ a prat detd direSfy cowtrea^ hath been its^Fortune. 
I have beenaEhred by a Feifon of- fome Confer 
^noe, to whom t am likewife obliged for die hz^ 
count of fome other Fa£ls already rdatedy that the 
late * Biihop of Saiifiwy^ (the greateft fVing of that 
Bench in his Days) confefied to him« that the libtt-t}! 
which Bifhops in England have of kiting Leafes for 
Lives, would, in his Opinion, be one Daydie Ruin of 
£pifcQf)acy there ; and thought the Churdi in this 
l^ingdom happy by the Linutation A&. 

' Am D have we not already found the Efe^ of this 
different Proceeding in bot^ Kingdoms ? 'Have not 
two EttgUJk Prelates quitted their Peerage and Seata 
in ParlUm^it, in aNaticH of Freedom, for the Sake of 
a more am^e Revenue, even in this unhappy King- 
dom, rather than ly under the Mortification of li-- 
ving below then* Dignity at home ) For wbich^ how- 
ever, they cannot be juftly cenAired. I know indeed, 
fosie Perfons who ofer, as an- Argnment for repeal- 
ing the limiting Bill, that it a^ay in future Ages pre- 
vent the Pra&ce of providing this Kingc^awith 
Bifhops from England, when the only Temptation 
mil be- removed. And they aUedge, that, as Things 
have goner for fome Years pad. Gentlemen will grow 
difoourag;ed from fending dSeir Sons to^the Univerfity, 
«idfrom'fi^Eeris^ them io ttKier iiiC» Hdy Orders,. 
■» wtoi 

• • • 

-. "^ Br. BtJK'iiETv 

againft Enlarging the Power ^ &c. 45 

Krben they are likely to languiih under a Curacy, or 
fmall Vicarage, to the end of their Lives: But this is 
all a vain Imagination ; for the Decreafe in the Value 
of Money will equally afFed both Kingdoms ; And be- 
fides, when fiifhopricks here grow too fmall to invite 
over Men of Credit and Confequence, they will be 
left more fully to the Difpofal of a chief Governor, 
who can never fail of fome worthlefs illiterate Cha*- 
plain, fond of a Title and Precedence. Thus will that 
whole Bench in an Age or two, be compofed of mean, 
ignorant, fawning Gown-men, humble Suppliants and 
Dependants upon the Court for a Morfel oi Bread, and 
ready to ferve every Turn that ihall be demanded from 
them, in Hopes of getting fome Commendam tacked to 
their Stts ; which muft then be the Trade, as it is 
now too much in England^ to the great Difcourage- 
ment of the inferior Clexgy. Neither is that Pradice 
without Example among us. 

It is now about eighty five Years fince the pafling 
of that limiting Aft, and there is but one Inftance in 
the Memory of Man, of a Bifhop's Leafe broken 
upon the Plea of not being flatutable ; which in every 
body's Opinion, could have been loft by no oth^ 
Perfon than he who was then Tenant, and happened 
to be very ungracious in his County. In the prefent 
* Bifiiop of Meatb^s Cafe, that Plea did not avail, al- 
though the Leafe were notorioufly unftatutable 1 the 
Rent referved, being, as I have been told, not a 
feventh Part of the real Value ; yet the Jury, upoa 
their Oaths, i/^ry gravely found it to be according to 
the Statute ; and one of them was heard to fay. That 
he would eat bh Shoes before he would give a Verdift 
for the Biihop. A veiy few more have made the 
fame Attempt with as little Succefs. Every Bi(hop» 
and other Ecdeiiailical Body, reckon forty Pounds in 
an hundred to be a reafonable half Value ; or if it be 
only a third Part, it feldom, or never, breedeth any Dif- 
fer euco 

? Dr, Evans, a Wtljhman. 


fmnce b^tw«en Lasdlord and Tenant. But whea the 
Rent is fsom five to nine or ten Parts lefs than the 
Worth ; the Bkhop, if he confdts the Good of his 
See, will be apt to expoftulate; and the Tenant, if 
he be an honeft Man, will hare fonoe Regard to the 
Keafonableneftf and Jufticeofthe Demand, fo as to 
yield to a moderate Advancement, rather than engage 
in a Suit, where Law and Equity are diredly aeainfl 
him. By thefe Means, the Bifhops have been fo true 
tt> their Tmfts, as to procnre Come fmall Share in 
the-Ackvancement of Rents ; although it be notorious 
l^t they do not receive the third Penny (Fines inclu- 
ded) of the real Value of their Lands throughout th« 

1 was never able- to imagine wha^ Inoonvenieoce 
coold acrue to the Publick, by one o^ two thoufand 
Pt>und8 a*Year, in- the Hands of a Proteflant Bifhops 
any more than of a Lay Perfon. * The former, ge- 
nerally fpeaking, liveth as pioufly and as hofpitably as 
die other; payeth his Debts as Kooedly, and fpendedk 
as nuidi of his Revenue among his Tenants : Beiides^. 
if they be his immediate^ Tenants, you may diftin- 
^ giniflrthem at firft Sight, by their Habits and Horfes^ 
or if ye» go to their Hoiifes; by their comfortable 
Way of Hving. But die Misfortune is, that fuch 
immediate Tenants, generally fpeaking, have others: 
«nder the^, and fo a tbii^d and fourth in Subordi- 
nation, tin it comes to the Welder (as they call him) 
who 'fits at a Rack-rent, and liveth as mife^bly as 
^n Irv^ Farmer upoh a new Leafe from a Lay^ 
l>andlord. But fuppofe a Bifbop happens to be avari^ 
cioas, (as heing€ompo(ed of theflime>StufFwith other 
Men) the Coi^quence to the Pablick is no worfe 
than if he were a ^Squire; /or he leaveth his Fortune 


♦■ Note, This Part rfihe Paragrafh is t9 he applied^ 
ieihe Period, nuhiu the Whole tuas written^, which <wat 
ten Tears ago, and fevtral of the late ^j^etCs Rijkofs 
vuere then li'ving. 

againjl Enlarging the Pcw/r, &c, 47 

tohbSoii, Dr near iKelafiioii, who, if he^.jri€fe e- 
nougb, will neiner think of entering into the Church. 
And, as there can be no JDifiidvantage to tfaePo- 
blick, in a Proteftant Country, that a Man fliould hold 
Lands as a Bijhtfpy any more than if) be- were a Tempos 
tttl Perfon ; fo, it is of great Advantage to the Com- 
snuni^y where a fiiihop liveth as he ought to do. He 
is bound* in Conicience, to refide in his Diocefe, and 
by a folemn Pn>mire to keep Hofpitality ; his Eftate is 
fpent in the Kingdom, .not remitted to England \ he 
keeps the Clergy to thoir Duty, and is an Example of 
Virtue both to. them and the People : 8appofe him an 
ill Man ;• yet his very Charafier will with-hold him 
from any great or open Exorfaitancies. But, in fa^ it 
mofl be allowed, that fbme fiifhops^ of this Kingdom, 
within twenty Years paft, have done very^gnal and 
lafting Adts of publick Charity ; great Infiances where- 
of arethe * lajbet and f prefent Primate, die Lonl ;{: Arch- 
bilhop of Dublin that now is, who hath left Memorials 
of his Bounty in many Parts^of his Province. I might 
add, the Bifhop of || Raph^e, and feveral others : Not 
&rgettuig ihe late Dean of Donvrt, Dr. Pro//, who be- 
^owed one thoufand Pounds upon the Univerfity : 
Which Foundation (that I may obfcrve by the Way) 
if the Bill propofed Ihould pafs, would be in the fame 
Circumflances with the Biihops, ror ever able again 
to advance the Stipends of the Fellows and Students^ 
as lately they found it necefTary to do ; the determinate 
Sum appointed by the Statutes for Commons, beine 
not half fuificient, by the Fall of Money, to afford 
neceflary Suftenance. But the paffing of fuch a Bill 
mad put an end to all Eccleiiaftical Beneficence for the 
Time to come ; and whether this will be fopplied bv 
thofe iwho are to reap the Benefit, better than it ham 
been done by the Grantees of impropriate Tythes, who 
received them upon the old Church Conditions .of 
keeping Hofpitality, it will be eafy to conjedure. 


* Dr. Marih. f Dr. Lindfay. t Dr. King. |1 Dr. 


48 5tf»w ARGUMENTS 

To alledgei that pa^g foch a Bill would be a good 
Encottraffement to improve Biiho^^s Lands, is a great 
Error. Is it not the general Method of Landlords, to 
wait ^e Expiration of a Leafe, and then cant their 
Lands to the higheft Bidder ? And what ihould hinder 
Che fame Courfe to be taken in Church-leafes, wKen the 
Limitation is removed of paying Half the real Valoe to 
the Biihop ? In riding through the Country, how few 
Improvements do we fee upon the Eftates of Laymen, 
farther than about their own Domains ? To fay the 
Truth, it is a great Misfortune as well to the Publick 
as to die Biihops themfelves, that their Lands are ge- 
nerally let to Lords and mat ^Squires, who, in Rea- 
fon, were never defigned to be Tenants ; and there- 
fore may naturally murmur at the Payment of Rent, 
as a Subierviency they were not bom to. If the Te- 
nants to the Church were honeft Farmers, they would 
pay their Fines and Rents with Chearfulnefs, improve 
their Lands, and thank God they were to give bat 
a moderate half Value for what they held. I have 
heard a Man of a thousand Pounds a- Year, talk with 

freat Contempt of Bifhops Leafes, as being on a worie 
oot than the reft of his Eftate ; and he had certainly 
Keafon: My Anfwerwas, thatfuch Leafes were origin 
nally intended only for the Benefit of induftrious Hof- 
bandmen, who would think it a great Blefling to be fo 
provided for, inftead of having his Farm fcrewed up 
to the Height, not eating one comfortable Meal in a 
Year, nor able to find Shoes for his Children. 

I know not any Advantage that can accrue by fuch 
a Bill, ex'cept the preventing of Perjury in Jurymen, 
and falfe Dealing in Tenants ; which is a Remedy like 
that of giving my Money to an Highwayman* before 
he attempts to take it by Force i and fo I (hall be fure 
to prevent the Sin of Robbery. 

, I had wrote thus far, and thought to have put an 
End ; when a Bookfeller fent me a imall Pamphlet, en- 
titled, The Cafe of the Laity, fwith Jome ^eries \ full of 
the flroDgeft Malice agaixift the Clergy, that 1 have 


figainft Enlargsngibe Power^ &c. 4-9 

any wher^ met with fince the Reign of 7oland, and 
others of diat Tribe. * Thefe Kinds of Advocates do 
infinite Mifchief to Ov% good Cause, by gxvine 
Grounds to the unjaft Reproaches of Tories and 
Jacobites, who charge as with being Enemies to 
the Church. If I bear an hearty unfeigned Loyalty to 
his Majefty King GEORGE, and the Houfe of Ha- 
wwer^ not ihaken in the leaft by the Hardfhips we ly 
binder, which never can be imputed to fo gradoos a 
Prince : If I iincerely abjure the Pretekder, and 
all Popish Successors : If I bear a doe Vene« 
ration to the glorious Memory of the late King IVIL" 
LlAMy who preferved thefe Kingdoms from ^pert 
and Slavery, with the Expence of his Blood, and 
Hazard of his Life : And lafUy, if I am for a proper 
Indulgence to all Diffenters ; I think nothing more 
can be reafonably demanded of A£r as a Whig, and 
that my political Catechifm is full and compleat. But 
whoever, under the Shelter of that Party-denomina- 
tion, and of many great Profeffions of Loyalty, would 
deflroy, or tmdermme, or injure the Church eftablifh- 
ed ; I utterly difown him, and think he ought to 
chufe another Name of Diftindion for himfel^ and 
his Adherents. I came into the Caufe upon other 
Prindples, which, by the Grace of God, I mean to 
preferve as long as I live. Shall we juftify the Accu- 
fations of our Adverikries ? Hoc Itbacus 'ueiit. 
The Tories and Jacobites will behold us with a 
malicious Pleafure, determined upon the Ruin of our 
Friends : For, is not the prefent Set of Bifhops almoll 
endrely of that Number, as well as a great Majority 
of the principal Clergy ^ And a fhort Time will reduce 
the whole, by Vacancies upon Death. 

An impartial Reader, if he pleafeth to examine 
what I have already faid, will eafily anfwer the bold 
^juries in the' Pamphlet I mentioned ; he will be 
conduced that the Reafon fiill firongly exifisy for nuhich 
that limiting Law was enafted. A reafonable Man 
will wonder, where can be the infufferahU Grieixance^ 
that an EccUJiaftUal Landlord fhould expe^ a mode- 
Vol. IV. F rate, 

c5o 5^;w^ ARGUMENTS 

rate, or third Part Value in Rent for his Lands, whtfB 
!his Title is, at kaft^ as antient.and as legal as that of 
. a Lay-man ; who is yet but feldom guilty of giving 
fuch beneficial Bargains. Has the.Nation been tbnywn 
into Confufion? And have maw^poor Families been ruin- 
ed by Rack-rents paid for the Lands of the Church } 
Does the Nation cry out to have a Law that mull, in 
..Time^ fend theii-Bifhops a begging? But, God be 
thanked, the Clamour of Enemies to the Church is not 
, yet the Cry^ and, I hope, will never prove the Voice 
v£ the Nation. Thc^Clergy, I conceive, willtiardly 
allow that the Feople maintain them, any move than 
in the Senfe, that all. Landlords whatever are main- 
ftained by the.Pepple. Such AfTertions as thefe, and 
the Infinuations they cany along with them, proceed 
from Principles which cannot oe avoided' by thofe 
' who are for preferving the happy Conftitution in Church 
. and State. Whoever were the Propofers of fuch ^e* 
riesy it mieht have provoked abold Writer to retaliate, 
perhaps with more Juftice than Prudence, by fhewing 
' at whofeDoor the Grievance lies, and that theBifhops, 
,■«/ leaftj are not to anfwer for the Poverty of Tenants. 

To gratify this great Reformer, who enlarges the 
'lEpi/copal K^nt'XoW almofl one half; let me li^ppoie 
that all the Church-lands in the Kingdom were thrown 
up to the Laity; would the Tenants, in fuch a Cafe, 
JQt eafier in their Rents than they do now ? Or, would 
the Money be equally.ibent in the Kingdom ? No : 
The Farmer would be fcrewed up to the utmoll Pen- 
ny, by the Agents and Stewards of Mfentees, and the 
Revenues employed in making a Figure in Dmdon ; to 
which City a full third Part of the whole Income of 
Ireland is annually returned, to anfwer that iingle Af 
tick of Maintenance for Irifi Landlords. 

Another of his Quarrels is againft Pluralities and 
Nan-.RefJence : As to tlie former, it is a Word of ill 
Name, "but not well underftood. The Clergjr having 
been ftripp'd <£ the createftPart of their Revenues, the 
Glebes being generally loft, the T^ythes in the Hands 
iof Laymen, the Churches demolilh'd, and the Country 


againjf Enlarging the Power i &c« 51 

depopulated ; in order to preferve a Face of Chriftia" 
ni/yy it was nccefTary to unite fmall Ficarages, fufE- 
cient to make a tolerable Maintenance for a Mihifter. ' 
The Profit of Ten or a Dozen of thcfe Vnions^ do * 
feldom amount tb above Eighty or an Hundred Pounds * 
a Year : If there be a very few Dignitaries, whofe 
Preferments are, perhaps, more liableto this Accufa- 
tion, it is to be fuppofed, they maybb Favourites of 
the Tim^, or Perfons of/uperior Ment, fdr whom there 
hath ever been fome Indulgence in all Governments. 

As to Nojt'RejSdencef I believe there is 00 Chriilian- 
Country upon Earth, whrerc the Clergy have Icfs to 
anfwer for upon that .Article: I am confident there 
are not ten Clergymen in the Kingdom, who, properly 
ipeakings. can do termed Non-Rijidents : For furely, 
we are not to reckon in that Number, thofe who, for 
want of Glehesj are forced to retire to the nearefl 
neighbouring Village for a Csibin to put their Heads 
in; the leading Man of the Parifh, when he makes . 
the greateft Clamour, being leaft diipofed to accommo- 
date the Minifler with an Acre of Ground. And, in- 
deed-, coiKldering the Difficulties the Clergy ly under- 
upon . this Head, it hath been frequent Matter of- 
Wonder to Me, how they are able to perform that 
Part of their Duty fo well as they do. 

There Ss a noble Author *, who hath lately ad - 
dreflbd to the Houfe of Commons an excellent Dif- 
courfe for the Encouragement of Agriculture ; full of 
ihoft ofeful WntSy whidi, I hope, that honourable Aso 
SEMBLY will con&ler as they deferre. I am not a. 
Stranger to his^ Lordfhip ; and, excepting in what re- 
kteth to th(B Church,:there are few Perfons with whofe' 
Opinions I am better pleafed to agree; and am, there* 
fore, grieved when I find* him charging the Inconve-p 
niencies in the FxynitntciFTythes upon the Clergy and 
their ProSors. His Lordihip is above confidering a 
very known and vulgar Truth, that the meanefl Farm-- 

^ fie hie Lord yitA^yionii^ 

♦••••• . <•.. 


er hadi all Manner of Advantages againft the moft 
fHnverfuI CleigymtiXf by whom it is impofiible he can 
be wronged, although the Mimfter were ever fo evil 
difpofed ; the whole dyHem ofteaziug, perplexing^ and 
defrau&ng the FroBor^ or his Mafier^ being as well 
known to every Floughman^ as the reaping or Tow- 
ing of his Corn» and much more artfully pradtifed. 
Befides, the leading Man in the Pariih muft have his 
^Tythes at his own Rate, which is hardly ever above 
one Quarter of the Value. And I have heard it com- 
putedby maay ikilfiil Ob(brvers, whole Intereft was 
not concerned^ that the Clergv did not receive, 
throughout the Kingdom, one hdf of what the Laws 
Jwve made their Due. 

As to his Lordfhip's Difeontent agaihft the IBiJhopt 
Courts \ I fhall not interpofe further uian in venturing 
my private Opinion, that the Clergy would be very 
glad to recover their juft Dues by a more fiort^ deci' 
fi've^ and compuifi've Method, thaa fuch a cramped 
and limited Jurifdidion will allow. 

His Lordihip is not the only P^ribn difpofed to give 
the Clergy the Honour of being the file Encouragers 
of all new Improvements, If Hops^ Hemp, FlaxdxA 
Twenty Things more are to be planted, the Clergy 
alone muft reward the induftrious Farmer, by Abate* 
ment of the Tithe. What if the Owner of Nine Parts 
in Ten would pleaie to abate proportionably in his 
Rent, for every Acre thus improved ? Woujd not a 
Man juft dropt from the Clouds, upon a full Hearing,' 
judge the Demand to be, at.leail, as reaionable ? 

I believe no Man will difpute his Lord(hip> Tide 
to his Eftate ; nor will I the Jus Divinum of Tyihes, 
which he mentions with fome Emotion. I fuppo& 
the Afiirmative would be of little i^dvantage to the 
Clergy, for the fame Reafon that a Maxim in Law, 
hath more Weight in the World, , than an Article iff 
Faith. ^ And yet, I think there may be fuch a Thing 
^Sacrilege, becauie it is frequently mentioned hyGneA 
and Roman Authors^ as weU as<lefcribe4 in Ha^ Writ. 
This I am fore of i that his Lordihip would, at any 


€fgainfl Enlarging the Power j &c. 53 

Tm^ excofe a Pariiament for not concerning itfelf 
m^his Properties^ without his own Confent. 

The Obfervations I have made upon his LordftiipV 
DifcouHe, have not, I confefs, been altogether proper 
to my Subject : However* fince Ike hath oeen pleafed 
therein to offer fome PropoTals to the Houfe of Com- 
mons, with relation to the Clergy, I hope he will 
excofe me for diflleruig from him ; which proceeda 
from his own Principk, the Defire of defending LU 
herty and Property ^ that he hatkfo ibrenaoafly and con* 
flaotly maintained. 

fivT the other Writer openly declares for a Law, . 
impowering the Biihops to fet Fee-farms ; and fays, 
Wbot^ver intimates that they nmll dewy their Confent to 
fitch artafonable Lanoy nvhich the tvhole Nation cries for ^ 
are Enemies to them and the Church, Whether this 
^ his real Opinion, or only a Strain of Mirth and 
Irony, the Matter is not much. However, my Sen- 
timents are fo diredly contrary to his ; that I think^ 
whoever impartially reads and coniiders what I have 
written apon this Argument, hath either no Regard 
for the Church eftaUifhed under the Hierarchy of 
Biihop, or will never confent to any Law that (hall 
i^peal, or elude the limiting Claufe, relating to the 
real half Value, contained in the Ad of Parliament 
J^dm Caroliy For the Prefer<vation of the Inheritance, 
lights and Profits of Lands belonging to the Churchy and 
Perjens Ecclejiaftical ; which was grounded upon Rea'^ 
ion9 that do fbll, and muft for ever fubfift. 

iWfo, Oaober zu 




Shop-keepers J Trade/men^ Fsrmet^s, 

Axm comsMn People w 




Coined by one William Wood Hard-ware- 
man, with a Difign to have them pafs in this 

Wherein iifhewn» 

The Power of hb Patent, die Value of his Halp- 
Pencb» and how far every Perfon may be obliged 
to take the fame in Payments, and how to behave 
^felf, in cafe fach an Attempt fhonld be made 
by Wood, or any other Peribn. 

{Viijfr9fir to bi hpt in ivery Family). 

Written in the YEAR 1714. 

By M. B. Drafi&b. 

To the Trade/men J Sbop-ieepen^ Tarrth- 
ers^ and Country People in general^ 
of the Kingdom of IRELAND. 

Bretim, TrUnds^ Onmtfymifi, and filhw-Jutjiat^ 

WHAT I intend now to fay to yon, is, next to 
your Duty to God, and the Care of your Sal- 
vation, of the greateft Concern to yourfelves, and 
your Children: yoar Bread said Chati^g^ and every 
common Neceflary of Life entirely depend upon it^ 
Th^fore I do moH eamefUy exhort you as Mm, a» 
Orj^/o*/, as Parents^ and as Lovtn of your Country ^ 
fo read this Paper with the utmoft Attention, or get*. 
It read to yon by others j^ which that you may do at 
wc Icfs Expcnce, I have ordered the Printer to fell' 
« at die loweft Rate. 

It is a great Fault among you, that when a Per-w 
•on writes with no other Intention than to do you good^ 
Pu vnli not hi at the Pains to nod his Advices : One 
Cony of this Paper may ferve a Dozen of you, which 
^ht lefs than a Farthing a-pece. It is your Folly, 
l^tyou have ^o conlmon or general ithtereil in your • 
View, not even the wifeil among you ; neither do yoa . 
know or inquire, or care who are your Friends, or 
who arc your Enemies, 

About four Years ago, a litSe Book was written 
to advife all People to wear the * Manufaauns of 
this mar awn dear Cotmtry: It had no other Defign, 
W nothing againft the King or ParRamentt or any 


* Vide uu of tbi preueding Pamphlets ^^ Vititlid^ dt 


• _ 

Cieai from the Bottom td the Top ; and feveral fiiert 
Votis were printed, which that fame Wood had the 
AflTurance to anfwcr likewiie In Prints and In fo con- 
fident a W97» as if he vittt z better' Man thmw 
\vMe ParliamHt pot together. 

This Wood, as foon as his Fatenf was paiTed, or 
loon after, fendeth over a great many Barrels of tbofi 
Half'fencij to Cork and other Sea- fort Towm, and, to 

fet them off, offered an Hundred PottMds in his Coin kt 
iventy or Eighty in Siher : But the CoiUffors of tk 
. J&Ws Cufloms very honeiUy refofed to take tbeiS) 
and fo did almofl every body elfe. And fince the Fa^ 
liament hath condemned them, and defired the £«; 
that they might be ftopped, all the Kingdom do abo- 
. minate them. 

SuT, WjDod is (HIl working ^ff^itfivi/ to force Us 

Half'-penci upon us ; and if he «an by help oi lus 
Triendi in England prevail ib far as to get an Order 
that the Commoners and ColUaors of die Kingh Mo- 
ne^ ihall receive thejn^ and that the Army is to be | 
paid with them, then he thinks bis Work Jhallbe done. 
And this is the Difficulty you will be under in facb a i 
Cafe : For the common Soldier when he goeth to the 
Market or AU-Houfi, will offer this Money, and if it 
be refufed, perhaps he will fwagger and beSior^ and 
threaten to beat the Butcher or AU-Wife, or take t^e 
Goods by force, and throw them the bad Hdfi^^'^ 
In this and the like Cafes, iht Shop- keeper, orf/W- 
ler, or any other 7radefman hath no more (o do> ^^ 
to demand ten times the Price of his Goods, if i^ ^^ 
to be paid in ^(Ws Money ; for Example, TwenQJ 
Pence of that Money for a ^uart of Ale, and fo in all 
Things elfe, and not part with his Goods until be 
gi^ts tJie Money, 

For fuppofe you go to an Ale-Houfe with that bale 

\ Money, and the Landlord ^vtxh you a Quart for ^^ 

of thofe Halfpence, what mull the ViauatUr do ? Hjs 

Brewer will not be paid in that Coin, or if the Brt^^, 

ihould be fuch a FooL the Fami$rs will not take it 


LETTER 1. 6t 

Ttota them lor their * Bear^ becaufe they are bound 
by their Leafes to pay their Rents in good and la^wful 
Money of England, which this is not, nor of Inland 
neither, and the Squire their Landlord will never be 
fo bewitched to tauce fuch Trafi for his Land ; fo 
that it maft certainly flop fomewhere or other, and 
where-ever k flops it is the fame Thing, and we are 
all undone. 

The common Weight of thefe Half- pence is be- 
tween four and five to an Ornice; fuppofe five, then 
three Shillings and four Peaoe will weigh a Pound, 
and confequently tnuenty Shillings will weieh^A- Pounds 
Butter^njueight, Now 'there are many hunared Farmers 
Who pay two hundred Pounds a-year Rent : There* 
fore when one of theie Farmers cometh with his half 
Yearns Rent, which is one hundred Pound, it will be 
at leaft fix hundred Pound weight, which is three 
Horfes Load. 

I^ a Squire hath a mind to come to Town to boy 
ClosCths and' Wine and Spices for himfelf and Family^ 
or perhaps to pafs the Winter here, he muft bring 
with him five or fix Horfes loaden with Se^ks as the 
Farmers bring their Corn ; and when his Lady comes 
in her. Coach to our Shops, it muft be foliowed by 
a Car loaded with Mr. Wood'^s Money. And I hope 
we fhall have the Grace to take it for no mcH-e than 
it is worth. 

TwBY fay, *^ Sqmre "Connolly Yi^\\i Sixteen thottftmd 
Pounds a-year ; now if he fends for his Rent 'to Town, 
as it is likely he dotby he muH have ttvo "hundred and 
fifty Horfes to bring up his half Tear's Rent, and two 
or three great Cellar j in his Houfe for Stowage. But 
what the Bankers will 'do I cannot tell. For I am 
affured, that fome gr^at Bankers keep by them Forty 
tboufand Pounds in ready Caih to anfwer all Payments; 
-which Sum in Mr. fVood'^s Money, would require 
twelve hundred Horfes to carry it. 

Vol. IV. G For 

• A fort of Barley in Ireland. 

^ Speaker of the honourable Houfe of Commons* 

62 Thi DrAPI£R*S LETrERS. 

For my own Part, I am already reiblwd wliat to 
do s I have a pretty good Shop of hijb Stuffs and 
•SiVix, and infiead of taking Mr. IVood^s bad Copper, 
I intend to truck with my Neighboors the Butcben^ 
a.nd Bafyrs, and Bre<Luers, and the reft, Go^ds for 
Goods y and the little Gold and Sihutr I have, I will 
keep by me like my Hearfs Blood until better Tinoes, 
or until I am juft ready to ftarve, and then I will buy 
Mr. JVood\ Money, as my Father did the Brafs Mo- 
ney in King James\ Time ; who could buy tm 
Founds of it with a Guinea^ and I hope to get as muck 
for a PifioUy and fo purchafe Bread from tiioie who 
will be fuch Fools as to fell it me. 

These Half-pence^ if they once pafs, will (bon be 
Counterfeit y becauie it may be dieaply done, the Stug 
is fo haft. The Dutch likewife will probably do the 
fame thing, and (end them over to us to pay for cor 
Goods ; and Mr. PTood will never be at reft, but coia 
on : So that in ibme Years we (halliiaVe at leaft fiv? 
times 108,000/. of this Lumber, Now the current 
Money of this Kingdom is not reckoned to be above 
Four hundred thoufand Pounds in all ; and while 
there is a Stiver Six^pence loft, the& Bloodfuckers will 
never be quiet. 

When once the Kingdom is reduced to inch a Cob* 
dition, I will tell you what muft be the End : The 
Gentlemen of Efiates will all turn off their Tenants for 
want of Payment ; becanfe, as I tc^^ou before, the 
Tenants are obliged by their Leafes to pay Sterlin^f 
which is lawful current Money of England ; then they 
will turn their own Farmers, as too many of them do d- 
ready t run all into Sheep where they can, keeping on- 
ly fuch other Cattle as are neceflary ; then they will 
be their own Merchants, and fend their ^ool, and 
Butter, and Hides, and Linen beyond Se& for ready 
Money and fFine, and Spices and Silks. They will 
keep only a few nuferable Cottagers. The F/irmers 
muft roh or h^g, or leave their Country, The Shof' 
keepers in thb and every other Town, muft hreak snd 





LETTER l:. 6'3 

farm': For k is the landtd Men' that maintains the 
Uerchtmty 2LnA Shop-keeper ^ zndfiafuiicra/'tj'-mav. 

But when ^c Spare iwm Faf^mer- and Merchant 
kinielf, all the good Money, he gets, from abroad, he 
will hoard up to fend fbr ■ Engiaueli and keep fome 
poor Baylor or- Weaker ^ and ^ the like, in his own 
Hoafe, who win beglad.toget.^read at any Rate. 

I (houki never; have done, if ( were to tell you 
all the Miieries that we. (halL. undergo, if we be fo 
fwUjh KXk^nfncked as to ^ke this curfed Coin, It would 
be very hard^.H^^ iXti Ireland (houkl be pot into one 
Scale y aad this firry Felioiw Wood into the other: That 
Mr. /fMM/v(hould>^«igh down thii <u>hole Kingdom, by 
which England gets above a MUIion of good Money 
wery Year dear into their Pockets : And that is more 
^an the Engli^ do*hy all the IVorld hefides. 

But/ your great Comfort iV, that, as his Majefty's 
f'attnt doth not obHge you to take this Money, fo the 
l^avas have not given the Cronxjn a Power of forcing 
the Suhje^s to take what Money the King pleafeth : For 
then by the fame Reafon, we might be bound to take 
f^hU-ftoneSj . or Coekle-Jhellsy or ftamped Leather for 
current Coin :. If ever we ihoold happen to live under 
an ill Prince ji who might likewife by the fame Power 
make. suGtdnea^ pafs for ten Pounds, a Shilling for 
tiventy SiilHn^, and ib on $ by which he would in 
a fliort time get all the Sihver and Gold of the King- 
^M into his own Hands, and leave os nothing but 
Eraft et Leather, or what he pleafed. Neither is any 
thing reckoned more cruel or oppreffive in the French 
Government, tkan their common Pradice of calling in. 
all their Money after they have funk it very low, and 
^en coining it anew at a much higher Value, which 
however \x not the thoufandth Part fo wicked as this 
ehonnnahle PnjoQ of Mr. Wood, For the French give 
their Subjeds Sil'ver for Silnter, and Gold for Gold ; but 
this fellwu will not fo much as give us good Brafs or 
^<^er fbr our Gold and Silnfer, not even a twelAh 
Jart.of their Worth. 

G a Haying 

64 ^^ Drapie&'s Letters. 

Having fakl this much, I will now go on to tell 
you the Judgments of fome grcztZauiyirj in thisMat- 
ter ; whom I fee'd on purpoie for your Sakes, and got 
their Opnions under their //^»i4^,..that L might be fuis 
I went upon good Grounds^ 

A famous Law-book* called tJbt Mirioar of Juftice, 
iifcourfing of the Charters (or Lmii's.) ordained hy our an- 
tient Kings^ declares the Law. to he. as, follows: " It 
•' was ordained that no King of this Realm ihould 
" change, or impair the Monty,, or make any other 
** Money than of Gold or Silver without the Ai&nt of 
*' all the Counties, that is, as my Lord Coke Joys *, 
" without the AiTent of Parliament,'*^ 

This Book is very antient» and of great Authority 
for the Time in which it was wrote, and with that 
Charader is often quoted by that great Lawyer vsf 
Lord Coke f . B^ the Laws of England,, feveral Me- 
tals are divided into lawful or true Metal and unlaw^ 
ful oxfalfe Metal*,, the former comprehends Siher or 
GoU, the latter all hafer Metals : That the forxner is 
only to pafs in Payments, appears by an Aft of Par- 
liament % made the twentieth Year of £d<ward 1, csl' 
led the Statute concerning the pajjing of Pence \ which I 
give you here as I got it tranflated mxs^EngUpi for 
lome of our Laws at that time, were, as I am told* 
writ in Latin : " Whoever in buying or felling pro* 
" fume to refufe an Half-penny or Farthing of law- 
** ful Moncy^ bearing the Stamps which it ought to 
*' have, let him be feized on as a Contemner of the 
« King's Majefty, and caft inta Prifon." 

By this Statute, no Perfon is to be reckoned a Cenr 
temher of the King^s Majejiy, and for that Crij»e to 
be committed to Prtfon ; but he who refiifeth to accept 
the King's Coin made of lawful Metal ; by which) 
as I obferved before. Silver and Gold only are lA' 

That, this is the true ConflruBion of the AS, ap- 
peareth not only from the plain Meam'ng of the Words, 



hvtt fiom my Lord Coke's * Obfervadon upon it. B/ 
this A& (fays he) it appears, diat no SabjeA ca|i be 
forced to take, in String or Selling or other Payments^ 
any Money made but of lawful Metal ; that is^ of 
Silver or Gold, 

The Lavir of Englofui gives the King all Mines of 
(kldtad. Sikfer, but not the Mines of other Metuls ; 
theReafon of which Prerogatwe or Pe<wery as it is gi- 
ven f hy my Lord Coke, is becaufe Money can be- 
made oiGoU and Sikfer ; but net of other Metals. 

Pursuant to this Opinion, Half -pence and Far* 
ikkgi were antiently n^ade of $$l*ver, which is evident 
from the A£^ of Piirliament of //e«ry IV. Chap. 4. ■ 
niiereby it is enacted as follows : **- Item,FoT the great 
" Scarcity that is at prcfent within the Realm of Eng* 
•* land of Half-pence and Farthings of Silver ; it is or- 
'* dained and eitabliihed, that the third Part of all the. 
" Mtney of' SOfver Plate which 'fhall be brought to the 
•* Bullion^ fhall be made, in Half -fence and Farthings M 
Tliis (hews that by the Words Half-penny and Far^ 
/i/«f of lawful Money in that Statute concerning the :. 
faffing of Pence, is meant a ftnallCoin in Halfpencg 
and Farthings of Siher, 

This is further > mamfeft from the Statute of the 
■inth Year of Edward 111, Ghap. 3. which ena6b,. 
* That «o Sterling Halfpenny or Farthing be molten 
" for to make Veffels, or any other thing by the 
" Goldfmithft, nor others, upon Forfeiture of the 
** Mmeyj fo moheft (or meJted).'' 

By another hOt in this King\ H.efgn, Black Moneys 
was not to be current in England. And by an Ad 
»ade in the eleventh Year of his Reign, Chap. 5^ 
Galley Half-pence were not to pafs : What kind o£« 
Gfin thcfc were I- do not know ; but Iprefume thcy^. 
were made, of ^a/e Metal. And thefc At\s were no/ 
»ew La^vs, but forther Declarations o£ the old La^s.. 
elating to the Coin. 

Thus the Law flandeth in- relation to CwV Nor 
» there any Example to the contrary,, except one in 

G 5: Oavii% 

46 The Drapier's Letters. 

Davis's Riports; who tells, that, in the Tiine of 
TyrM€*s Rebellion, Qoeen EJizaheth ordered Momy of 
mixt Metal to be coined in: the Tower of London, and 
ient over hither for Payment of the jSrmy ; obliging 
all People to receive it ; andcommandingthat all Sil- 
^er Mdtuy (hould be taken only as Bullhn, tha&is, for 
as much as it weighed.. Iktvis teilethus feveral Paf^ 
dcolars m this Matter too long here to trouble yo« 
with, and that the Pri^vy Cotmcitoi this Kingdom 6b\}^ 
ged a Merchant in England to* receive, this mixt Mth- 
ney for. Goods traafiniited hither. 

fiUT this Proceediags is rejeded by ai^'the. b^ 
Lawyers, as contrary to Law,, the. Priniy Conneil here 
having no fucb legal Power. And befides it is to be 
confidered, that the Queen was then under great Dif- 
ficulties by a Rebellion in this Kingdom affifted from 
Sfatny and. whatever is done in great Exigencies and 
dangerous Times, ibould. never be. an Eicampl^ to 
proceed by in Seafons Of Peace and ^metn^. 

I will now^ my. dear Friends,, ta fave you the 
Trouble, fet before you in.(hortf what ..the Z^ obli*«^ 
getb you to do.; and doth. not: oblige yoa 

First, you aie obliged to take all Money in Pay^ 
ments whikJi is coined by the King^ and is of the Eng*- 
UJh Standard. Off Weighty provided it be. of Gold or 

SECoN^Db.Y,.you are- not obliged to take any Mo-^ 
ney which is not of Geld at Silver j not only the Half*' 
fence or Farthings of England^ but of any other Coun- 
tiy. And it is merely, for Conveniency, or Eafe, that 
you are content' to take them ; ix;cauf& the.Cufton» 
of coining Siltver Halffpice and Farthings hath long 
been left off; i fuppofe, on account of their being, 
fubjed to be. lott. 

ThirduYx much lefs are we. obliged totakethofe 
ntile Half pence of that fame Wood, by which you mnft 
lofe almoft eleven Pence in t,s^yy. Shilling. 

Therefore, my Friends, ftand to it one. and all:. 
Kefufc (tiisjiltby Tr^. It is. no Treafon to. rebel a- 



gainit Mr. ^W/ iB$ Mkjtfii in his Patent obligeth i take thefe Half^fena; Q^t gracious Princ§ 
ktb no fuck' ill AM&xs . about 4>itn> 1 . oi>- i£ he had> 
yti yoa fee the Laws have. not left* idn the Ajrii^*4 
Power, to force: us to take any Coin but what is law- 
fill, of ]%ht Standard^ G^/^'asd Silver. TJierefore 
ypa have nothing to fear. 

And let mcin thenext Place appl^ myfelf partica^ 
larly to>y)oo who ace the*- poorer Sort, of Tradi/mni 
Perhaps you ma^r: think you will^net be & great Lofem 
as the Rich^ if thefe. H^EJT-^mr^-fhould paidT.becaufe 
yoQ fcldom fee. any Sii'ver, and your Cuftooiers come 
to your Shops, oc^ Stalls witb nothit)g but j^^;^; whtdk 
yoa likewife findhaid^M:* tfut yoo iBa|r take 
ay Word, whenever this Money gains Footing among 
you, you will be utterly undone. If you carry theie 
Half-fenci to a. Shop for. ToSacco or Brandy^ or any 
other thing you want; the. Shop-keeper will advance 
his Goods accordingly, or elfehe rooft break and leave 
^c Key under the Door. Do you think I will fell you. 
a Yard of Ten-penny Stuff for twenty of Mr. M(ood'& 
^alfftnee? No, not' under, two hundred at leail;.. 
neither will I» be. at the Trouble of compting, but 
Weigh them in a Lamp. I- will tell you one Thing 
further ; that if Mr. IVood's Erojca fliould take, it 
^11 ruin even our Beggars ; For when I givcLa Beg- 
%^ a Halfpenny, it will quench his Third,, or go a 
1^ Way to fill his Belly.; but the. twelfth Pan^of a 
Half-penny will do him no more Service than- if I 
ihould give him three Pins out of my Sleeve* 

^H fhort, thefe Half-fence are like the accurfed 
^hing^ which, as the Scripture telleth us, the Children 
tf I/rael were forbidden to touch. They will run a- 
^ut hke the Plague and deilroy. every one who lays 
^^ Hands upon them. I have hcAxd Scholars talk of 
& Man who told the King that he had invented a 
^ay to torment Peop e by putting them into a Bull 
0^ Brafs with Fire under it : But the Prince put tha 
Prijeiior &I& into his own Brasten Bull to make the 
^Seriment. This very much reiiBmbles the Frojedt 


LETTER If. 69 

k LE TTE R to Mr* Harding the 
Printer, upon Occafion of a Fara^ 
graph in ms News-paper of Aiguj 
lift, 1724, relating to Mr» Wooa^ 

IN your News-letter of the Firft inflant, there is a 
Paragraph, dated from Londonj July 2Cth» relating 
to WQ9d'*% Half-pence ; whereby it is plain, what I 
foretold m my Leittr to the Shof -keepers^ fcfr. that 
this vile Fellow would never be at reft ; and that 
the Danger of oar Ruia approacheth nearer : And 
therefore the Kingdom requireth iVipw and Frefl? Warn'^ 
^g^ However^ I take that Paragi'aph to be, in a great 
Meafore, an Impofition opon the Publick ; at leaft I 
hope fo, becaufe I am informed that/f^Wi»generallf 
iis own News- "Writer. I cannot but obferve from 
that Paragraph, that this publick Enemy of ours, not 
Satisfied to ruin us with his Trafh, taketh every Occa- 
sion to treat this Kingdom with die utmoft Contempt. 
He reprefenteth '^ feveral of our Merchants and Trac^ 
" ers opon Examination before a Committee of Coun- 
'* cil agreeing, that there was the utmofl Necefiity of 
" Coppcr-moDCy here, before his Patent; ib that fe- 
" vera! Gentlemen have been forced to tally with their 
" Workmen, and give them Bits of Cards, fealed and 
'^ fubfcribed with their Names." What then ? 'if a 
Phyfician prefcribe to a Patient a Dram of Phyfick, 
"hall a Rafcal Apothecary cram him with a Pounds and 
and mix it up with Foifon f And is not a Landlord's 
Hand and Seal to his own Labourers a better Securi- 
^for five oir ten Shillings, than Woodi'% BraYs ten times 
^low the real Value, can be to the Kingdom for an . 
Hundred and eight thoufand Pounds?. 

But who are thefe Merchants and Traders of Ire*- 
"^ that make this Report of the. umoft Neeeffitj^ toe 
^' wwSrt fir C^piT'tMne^.? They are only a fcv 


JO The Drapier's Letters. 

Betrayers of their Conntry, Confederates with 
from whom they are to purchafe a great Quantity of 
J&s Coiop perhaps at half the Price, that we are to 
take it, aod vend it among as, to the Ruin of the 
Publick, and their own private Advantage* Arc not 
thefe excellent Witnefles, upon whoTe Integrity the 
Fate of a Kingdom moft depend ; who are Evidences 
in their own Cauie, and Sharers in this Work of I- 
niqoity ? 

If we could have deiervod the Xiherty^ of coinmg 
for ourfelves, as we formerly, did, (and why we have 
HOC u evgpy iody^j JVomUr as <uW/: as mine) Ten thott- 
iand Pounds might have been anned here^in Dukh 
of only one Fifth below the imrinfick: Value, and this 
Sum, with the Stock of Half-peooe w& then had, 
W(»ild have been fullicient : BxLtWood, by his 'S»o^ 
lies. Enemies to God, and this Kingdom, hath taken 
Care to buy up as many of ow: old HaJf-peace as he 
could ; and from thence the prefent Want of Chaogs 
arifeth; to remove wluclw by Mr..£^'a9^s litemedy, 
voidd be, to core a ScratGsh<»i tlie Finger by cuttiBg 
-«ff the AYm; Butfnpp^fmg diere wtffe«ot one Far- 
thing t^ Otaoge ia die whole Nation, 1 will main- 
tatn,. that Five aad' twenty thoufand Pounds wo\ila 
be a Sum fully fufficisntto anfwer all our Occafions. 
I am no la,oo0£deimfala Siiop<*keepcr in this TowSi 1 
have difeoujdcd with feveral of my own, and oth^ 
Trades { wi^ many Gentlemen both of City and 
Coimtry ;.; asd alio with great Numbers of Farmers, 
Cottager^ and Laboarers \ who all agnee ithat t^ 
.Shillings IA Change, for every Family, wouM beinotf 
than necefiaiy in. all Dealings. Now by the largp 
.Computation (even before that grievous DifcooTage- 
ment of Agrioihurey which iiath fi> much leflened o^ 
Numbers) the Souls of this Kingdom. are compo^^ 
to be oae Million and a half; which allowing &c^ 
a Family, maketh two hundred, and £fty thoofa^^ 
•Families, and cOn&queiitly, two. Shillings to each Fa- 
mily* will amount only to Five and tmtnssf' d>^* 
iand Poundsjc Wlicreastl^is bme^ pberal Haed^^' 


Aiuat JFcod, would impoTe apoa us above f9ur tivaf 
'that SuiB. 

Your Paragraph relateth further; that Sir Ifaac 
Nitvtan itpOTtcd an Jffay taken at the Tower ^ of ^0«^s 
Metal ; by which it appears, that ^W haJ in all 
Re/peas performed his ContraS, His Contraft I With 
whom ; was it with the Parliament or People c^ lre» 
land ?. Are not they to be the Purchafers ? But they 
deteA, abhor and rejeA it, as corrupt, fraudulent^ 
iningled with Dirt and Tralh. Upon which he grows 
angry, goes to Law, and will impofe his Goods up- 
on us by Force. 

But your News-letter fays, that an AJfe^'wzuvEaAQ 
of the Coin. How impudent and infupportable is 
this ? Wood taketh care to coin a Dozen or two Half- 
pence of good Metal, iends them to the Tower and 
they are approved, and diefe mufl anfwer all that he 
hath already coined, or fhallcoin for the future. It 
is true, indeed, that a Gentleman often fendeth to my 
Shop for a Pattern of Stuff; I cut it fairly off, and if 
he likes it, he comes or iends and compares the Pat' 
tern with the whole Piece, and probably we come to 
a Bargain. But if I were to buy ^ Hundred Sheep» 
and the Grasuer (hould bring me Jlie iingle Weather, 
fat and well fleeced by way of Pattern^ and expedt the 
fame Price round for the whole Hundred, without 
fuficring me to fee them before he was paid, or givins^ 
me good Security to reftore my Money for thofc 
that were lean^ oxjhom^ or fcabby ; I would be none 
of his Cnftqmer. I have heard of a Man who had a 
mind to fell his Houie, and therefore carried a Piece, 
of Brick in his Pocket, which he fhewed as a Pattern 
to encourage Purchafers : And this is diredUy the 
Cafe in Point with Mr. Wood's AJJfa^, 

Th e next Part of the Paragraph contains Mr. Wood*% 
voluntary Propofals for presenting aipf further Ohje^H* 
ons or Apprehenjums, 

His firft Propofal is; That whereas he hath alreadp 

coined Seventeen thoufand Pounds j and has Copper prepared 

^to make it up Forty thoufand Pounds^ he will be content 


fl The DrAPIEH's Le.TT£R8. 

to €0n no more, mlejs the -EXICENCIES Of 
7RADE REHIRE IT, although bis Patent em 
fonjjeri him to coin a far greater ^antity. 

To which if I were to anfwer, it fhoald be thus : 
lAtMT.Wood and his Crew of Founders and Tinkers 
coin on till there is not an old Kettle left in the King- 
dom : Let them coin old Leather, Tobacco-pipe-clay 
or 'the Dirt in the Streets, and call their Truippeiy 
by whati^ame they pleafe from a Guinea to a Far- 
thing ; we are not under any Concern to know how 
he and his Tribe or Accomplices think fit to employ 
themfelves : But I hope, and trnft, that we are all to- 
a Man fully determined to have nothing to do with 
him or his Wave. 

TfiE King hath giren him a Patent to coin Half^ 
pence, but hath not obliged us to take them : And I 
have already Ihewn in my Letter to the Shop-keeper^ 
bfc. chat 'the Law hath not left it in the Power of the 
Frerogati*ve to compel the Subje^ to take any. Money, 
befide Gold and Silver, .of the -right Sterling and 

^OOD further propofedi, (if I^ndcrfbind him 
right, for his Expj^ffions are dubious) that he nmll not 
coin above Forty tb&ufani Founds unlejs the Exigencies ff 
Trade require it: Firft, I obferve that this Sum of For- 
ty thoufitnd Founds is almoft double to what I proved 
to be fufficient for the whole Kingdom, although we 
had not one of our old Half-pence left. Again I aik, 
who is to be Judge when the Exigencies of Trade r/- 
jw/>tf it ? Without doubt, he meaneth himfelf ; for as 
to us of this poor Kingdom, who maft be utterty rain- 
ed if his Proje6i (hould fucceed, w€ wene never once 
Gonfulted until the Matter was over; and he will judge 
of our Exigencies by his own : Neither will .thcfc be 
ever at an End until he and his Accomplices will think 
they have enough : And it now. appears that he will 
not be content with all our Gold and Silver, but in- 
tendeth to4>uy up our Goods and Manufaduf et iiPib 
the fame Coin. 


LETTER n. 73 

I ftall not enter into Examination of the Prices 

for which he now jpropofeth to fell his Half-pence, or 
what he calleth his Copper, by the Pound ; I have 
faid enough of it in my former Letter, and it hath 
likewife been confidered by others. It is certain, that, 
by his own &rA Computation, we were to pay Three 
Shillings for what was intriniically worth but One» 
althoa|h it had been of the true Weight and St'hidard 
for which he pretended to have contra£led : but there 
IS fo great a Difference both in Weight and Badnefs 
in feveral of his Coins, that fome of them have been 
Nine in Ten below the intrlnfick Value, and moll of 
them Six or Seven. 

His la0 Propofal being of a peculiar Strain and 
Nature, deierveth to be very particularly confidered, 
both on accoimt of the Matter and the Style. It is 
as followeth. 

" Lastly, in confidei-ation of the direful Ap« 
** prehen/ions which prevail in Ireland^ that Mr. Wood 
" will by fuch Coinage drain them of their Gold and 
** Silver ; he propofcs to take their Manufa6lures in 
*' Exchange j and that no Perfon be obliged to receive 
" more £an Fivepence Half-penny at one Pay- 

" ment.*' 

First, Obferve this little impudent Kir^-w^^- 
*«» taming into Ridicule the direful Jpfrebenfi<fns of a 
"^hole Kingdom^ priding himfelf as the Caufe of them, 
and daring to pfrefcribe what no King of England ever 
attempted, how far a whole Nation fhall be obliged 
^ take his Brafs Coin. And he hath Reafon to in- 
luk ; for iure there was never an Example in Hiilory 
pf a ereat Kingdom kept in Awe for above a Year, 
in daily Dread of utter De(lru£Uon ; not by a power- 
ful Invader at the Head of Twenty thouland Men ; 
not by a Plague or a Famine ; not by a tyrannical 
Prince (for we never had one more gracious), or a 
corrupt Adminiilration ; but by one iingle, diminutive, 
inGgnificant Mechanick. 

But to go on : To remove Our direful Appnhenf* 
*»J» that he will drtdn ms tf our Gold and Sll*ver iy his 

Vol. IV. H ' Coinage, 

74 The Drapxsr's Letters. 

Coinagi, tbis little arbitraiy Mod-Monarch moft gi> 
ciouily offereth to iaie our- ManufcUiurts in Exchange^ 
Are our Iri/h Underftahdiftgs indeed fo low in his 0- 
pinion ? Is not this the very Mffeiy we complain of? 
That his cul-fed Projeflr wiH put us tinder the Ncceffitjr 
of felling our Gdods for what is equal to Nothing, 
How would fuch a Propofal found froraFrance oxSfm^ 
or any other Country with Which we traflick, if they 
Ihould offer to deal with us only upon this Condition, 
that we fhduld tak^ ^Keir Money at ten times higher 
.than the intrinfick Value ? Doth Mr. *F^<^ think, for 
Inilance, that we will fell him a Stone of Wool for a 
Parcel of his Counters not xnor^ Sixpence^ whcawe 
*can fend it to England^ and receive as many Shillings 
'in Gold and Silver ? Surely there was never htm, 
fuch a Compoutid of Impudence, Villany, and Folly. 
His Propofals conclude with perfedl High 7reajm. 
He pfomifes, that no Perfon fhall bfe aBJiged tortoim 
more than Fivepence Half-penny of his Coin in one 
Payment : 'By which it is plain, that he pretendcth 
to oblige every Subjedk in 'this Kingdom to take fo 
much in every Payment, if it be offered : Whereas 
his 'Patent dh/igeth no Man *, nor can the Prerogative, 
by Law, claim fuch a Power ; as I have often ob- 
ferved : So th«t here Mr. fTood taketh upon him the 
entire Legijlaturey and an abfolute Dominion over the 
.Properties, of the "whole Nation. 

' Good God !' Who are thirWretch'* AMfersf Who 
are his tufforters^ Abettors; Encotaragiri^ or Shanrs^ 
Mr. J^ocd-^iU oblige me to tak^ Fivepence Half- 
'penny of his Brafs in every Payment. And 1 will 
ihobt Mr. Jf^ood and his Deputies through the Headi 
like Highwayrnien or Houfe-breeAers^ if they dare to 
fdxtt 't)ile-Parthing of their Coin On fnc in the Pay j 
' ment of an Hundred Founds. It is no Eofs of Ho* 
*nour to fubmit to the Lion. But who, with the Fi- 
gure oiz,Many can think with Patience of being dc-j 
voured alive by a Rnt ? He hfeth laid a Tax upon the' 
People of Iretand of Seventeen Shillings at Icaft i^ 
the Round i* A Tax, f fay, not only tipon Lands, brt 

* £nteicft» 


Jateitft-sioney* Goods, ManofaOures, the Hire of 
HandicraftfiBeB^Labourers and Servants. Shop-keep- 
ers, look to yourfelves. JFood will oi/igi and force 
70U to take Fivepence. Half-penny of ius Trafh in 
every Payment ; and many of you receive twenty, 
thirty, forty Payments in one Day ; or elfe you can 
hardly find Bread : And pray confider, how much that 
will amount to in a Year : Twenty times Fivepencc 
Half-penny is Nine Shillings and twopence ; whick 
IS above an Hundred and fixty Pounds a-year : 
Whereby yon will be Lofers of at leafl One hundred 
and forty Pounds by taking your Payments in his Mo-, 
'^ey. If any of you be content to deal with Mr. 
1^00^ on fuch Conditions, they may: But for my own 
pardci^ar 5 Let his Monty perijh <vutth him. If the fa- 
mous Mr. Hambden rather chofe to go to Prifon, than 
P&y a few Shillings to King CharUi I. without Au- 
^rity of Parliament; I will rather chufe to bd 
^|edf than have all my Subftance taxed at Seven* 
teen Shillings in the Ppund, at the arbitrary Will ajid 
Pleafore of, the venerable Mr. Wood. 

Tm Paragraph concludes dius. N. B. (that is to 
%, Neta Bene J or Mark tue/I) « No E,vidence ap^ 
** peared faosxi Ireland or .eHewhertt to prove the Mif- 
** chiefs comp^ned of, or any Abules whatfoever 
*• committed in the Execution of the faid Grant." 

The Impudence of this Remark exceedeth all that 
went before. Firft, the Houfe of Commons in Ire- 
Mnd; which xeprefents the whole People of the King- 
WW: And, iecondly, the Privy Council addreflSl 
his Majefty againft thefe Half-pence. What could be 
done more to exprefs the univerfal Senfe of the Na- 
^OQ? If his Copper were Diamonds, and the King- 
dom vere entirely againft it; would not that be fuf- 
^ent to rejea it ? Muit a Committee of the whole 
**oafe of Commons, aod our whole Privy Council 
go -over to argue Pro and Con with Mr. fVood? To 
^hat End did the King cive his Patent for Coining 
**^-' fence m Ireland F Was it not becaufe it was 
'^^nted to his Sacred Majefty, that fuch a Coinage 

Hz would 

76 The Drapikr's Lktt£R9. 

woald be of Advantage to the Good of this Kingdem, 
and of ail his Sttbjeds here ? It is to the Patentee's 
Peril if hb Reprefentation be falfe ; and die Exe- 
cation of his Patent be fraudulent and cerropt ' Is 
he fo wicked and fbolifti to think that his Patent was 
given him to ruin a Million and a hdf of People, 
that he might be a Gainer of Three or Fourfcore 
thoufand Pounds to himfelf ? Before he was at the 
Charge of palling a Patent ; much more of raking op 
fo much filthy Drofs, and ftamping it with his Ma- 
jcfty's Image and Superfcription ; mould he not firft, 
in common Senfe, in common Equity, and common 
Manners, have confulted the principal Party concerned; 
that is to fay, the People of the Kingdom, the Houfc 
of Lords or Common?, or the Privy Council ? If any 
Foreigner (hould afk us, H^hofe Image and Superfcn- 
prion there^ison l^ood*s Coin ? We (hould be aihamed 
td tell him it was Cejar's. In chat great Want of 
Copper Half-pence, which he alledgeth we were, cor 
City fetup our* Cefar's Statue in excellent Copper, 
at an Expcnce that is equal in Value to Thirty thoii- 
fand Pounds of his Coin : And we will not receive his 
Image in worfe Metal. 

I obfcrvc many of our People putdng a melan- 
choly Ca(e on this Subjef^. It is true, fay they, we 
are all undone if ^Ws Half-pence muft pafs i btft 
what fhall we do, if his Majefly puts out a Proclam- 
Hon commanding us to take them ? This hath been 
often dinned in my Ears. But, I deiire my Coap- 
trymen to be afTured that there is nodiing ia it* 
The King never ilTueth out a Proclamathn but to en- 
join what the Law permits him. He will not iiTue 
out a Proclamaiiou agaii^ft Law: Or, if fuch a Thine 
ihottld happen by a Miflake, we are no more obliged 
to obey it, than to run our Heads into the Fire. Be* 
fides, his Majefly will never command us by a Pf^ 
clamation^ what he doth not olfisr to command us ia 
the Patent itfelf. There he leaves it to our Difcredon ; 
fo that our Defbudion mull be entirely owii^ to our- 


« AnEqneftnan Statue of K. George I. a/fiOex- bridge, Dublia< 

LETTER n. 7^ 

khrts, Therefbrsy let no Man he afraid of a Procla^ 
motion, wbich will never be granted; and if it ihould, 
yet, upon this Occaiion, wiU be of no Force. The 
King's ReTenues here, are near Four hundred thou- 
fandPounds a-year. Can you think his Minillers will 
advife him to take them in Wood'i Brais, which will 
reduce the Value to Fifty thoufand Pounds. England 
gets a Million Sterling by'^this l^ationr which, if 
this Proje^ goeth on, will be almofi reduced to no- 
thing.: And do YP^ think thofe who live in England 
upon Irijl^ £ilates, will be content to take an Eighth 
or a Tenth Part, by being paid in ^^^oTsDrofs: 

If Wood and his Qoufedirates were not convinced 
of our Stupidity, they never would have attempted (o 
audacious an Enterprize. He now fees a Spint hath 
beenraiied againi| him» and he only watcheth until it 
begins to Hag; he goe^i about ^watching when to de* 
your us. He hopeSi we ihall be weary of contend- 
ing with him i and at laft^ out of Ignorance, or Fear, or 
of being perfeOly tired with Oppofition, we fhall be 
w^ed to yield. And, therefore, I conf«fs, it is my 
chief Endeavour to keep up your Spirits and Refent- 
ments. If I teU you there is a Precipice under you, and 
that if you go forwards you will certainly break your. 
Necks : If I point to it before your Eyes, muft I be 
at the Trouble of repeating it every Morning ? Are 
our People'/ Hearts 'waxedgro/s f Are their Ears dull 
rf Hearing, and have tlxy clofed their Byes ? l fear 
Mere aie iome few Vipers among us, who, for ten or 
l^ty Pounds Gain, would fell their Souls and their 
Country; although atlaft, it would end in their own 
Rain as well as ours : Be not like the deaf Adder, lubo 
^tfujeth to bear the Voice of the Charmer , charm he ne^ 
'^^ fo ivifely. 

Although my' Letter be direded toyou, Mr. 
^^ding, y€t I intend it for all my Qountrymen, I 
have no this AfFau-, but what is common to 
the Publick: 'I can live better than many others : I 
have fome Gold and Silver by mc, and a Shop weiJ- 
UttniJhed ; and (hall be able to make a Shift, when 

H- 3 many 

}8 77fi Drapier's Lsttbrs^ 

many of my Betters are ftarving. But I am grieved txf 
fee the Coldnefs and Indiflerence of man^ People with 
whom I dircourfe. Some are afraid of a Froclamo' 
tioni others fhriig op their Shoulders, and cry, What 
would you have us to do? Some give out, there is no 
Danger at all : Others are comforted that it will be a 
common Calamity, and they (hall fare no worfe than 
their Neighbours. ^U a Man, wfio heareth NCd« 
night Robbers at his Door, get Out of Bed, and raife 
his Family for a common Defence ? And (hall a whole 
Kingdom . ly in a Lethargy, while Mr. Wood comt&L 
at the Head of his Confederates to rob diem of aH 
they have^ to ruin us and our Pofterity for ever ? If 
an Highway-man meets you on the Road, vou give him 
your Money to fave your Life; but, God be-thank'd, 
Mr. Wood cannot touch a Hair of your Heads. Yon 
have all the Laws of God and Man on your Side. 
When he, or his Accomplices, offer you his Dro(s, 
it is but fa3ring No^ and you are fafe. If a mad Man 
fhould come to my Shop with a handful of Dirt raked 
out of the Kennel, and oft^r it in Payment for Ten 
Yards of Stuff, I would pity or laugh at him : or, 
if his Behaviour deferved it, kick him out of my 
Doors. And if Mr. Wood cometh to demand any 
Gold or Silver, or Commodities for which I have 
paid my Gold and Silver, in Exchange for his Trsdh, 
can he deferve or expe£l better Treatment? 

When the evil Day is come, {if it muft come) let 
us mark and obferve thofe who prefume to offifer tftefe 
Half-pence in Payment, Let their Names and Trades, 
and Places of Abode, be made publick, that eveiy 
one may be aware of them, as Betrayers of their 
Country, and Confederates with Mr. Wood. Let them 
be watched at Markets and Fairs : And let the firft 
honeft Difcbverer give the Word about, that Woods 
Half-pence have been offered \ And caution the poor 
innocent People not to receive them. 

pE R H A p s I have been too tedious ; but there would 
nei/^r be an End, if I attempt to fay all that this me- 
lancholy Subjed will bear; X will conclude with 


LETTER n. 79 

tumbly ofTering one Propofah which, ifit were put in 
PradUce, would blow up this deftru£live Projeft at 
once. Let fome fkilRil judicious Pen draw up an Ai' 
verti/ement to-the following ^irpofe. That, 

** Whereas one WiUiam Wood^ Hard-ware-man^ 

** now or lately fojourning in the City of London ^ hath, 

** by many Miireprefentationsy procured ar Patent for 

*' coining an Hundred and Eight Thoufand Pounds in 

** Copper Half "pence for tWs Kingdom-; which 

<' is a Sum five times greater than ourOccafions re«- 

" quire. And whereas it is notorious that the faid 

*' ¥W hath coined his Half-pence of fuch bafe Me- 

" tal, and falfe Weight, dlat they are, at leaft, fix 

" Parts in feven below die real Value. And whereas 

"we have Reafon to apprehend^ that the faid Wood 

" may, at any Time hereafter, dandeftinely coin as 

*' many more Hulf-pence as he pleafedi. And, where- 

" as, the faid Patent neither doth, nor can oblige hn 

" Majefty^s Subje6b, to receive the faid Half-pence in 

''any Payment, but leaveth it to their voluntary 

''Choice; becaufe, by Law the Snbjed cannot be 

" obliged to take any Money, except Gold or Sil'ver. 

"And, whereas, contrary to the Letter and Meaning 

" of the faid Patent, thefaid Woodhvdi declared, 6iat 

" every Perfon ihall be olUged to take Fivepence 

" Half.penny of 4ns Coin in every Payment. And, 

" whereas theHoufe of Commons, and Privy Coun- 

" cil havejfevvn^y addreifed his moft Sacred Majefly, 

" reprefenting the ill Confequences which the faid 

" Coinage may have upon this kingdom. And lafHy, 

" whereas it is univerfally agreed, that the whole Na- 

"tion, to a Man, (except Mr. ^Wand hkConfe- 

" derates) are in the utmoft Apprehenfions of the ruin«> 

" ous Confequences, that mufl follow from the faid 

" Coinage. Therefore we, whofe Names are under- 

" written, being Perfons of confiderable Eilates in this 

'^ Kingdom, and Reiiders therein, do unanimoufly re- 

" folve, and declare, that we will never receive one 

" Farthing, or Half-penny of the faid Woods coining ; 

!* and that we will dired all our Tenants to refufe the 


8o Tl)e I?rai;ibVs Eettehs, 

•* (aid Coxa- fcoia any Pcrfoi^ i(rlutever ; of wbicfr, 
«* that they, may not be ignorant, we have fent them 
•* a Copy of thjs Jchertifemnty to be read to them by 
«* our Stewards, Receivers, &c." 

I could wiih, that a Paper of this Nature might 
be drawn up, and iigaed by two or three hundred 
principal Gentlemen of this Kingdom ; and printed 
Copies thereof fern to their fevcral Tenants, I am 
deceived, if any Thi^g could fpoaer dfifea^ thi$ exe- 
xrabl^ Pc%i, of IVood and his Accotfiflim : This 
iB^ould im^isd^tely give the Alan^, and ipt the King- 
.4q^ on, tiieir Guard : Thj^ wpi^d give Courage to 
^ H&eap^ T^i*^. ^. Qooaiger,. H^ h^g,^ O LsrJ, 
jyghteoHs and true.' ■ 

I muft ttOl yo^ in p^rd^^l^tn Mk- ffatdtm,. ^t 
you are nuych to Viapae. S^y^al hundred ?efjE)BS 
•iave inq^i^:ed at your H^ufe, for my L^ifer if. tie 
Uop'^d^ ^^ and you l^^dnpne to frfl Aem. Pray 
.k^P yourfelf provided wuh that Xietter, aiid tnth 
Jhis ;. you have go| very well by ihie Sormsf i but I 
tdid i^ot .the^ write fof yo^r.Sake, any jporic tb^ I do 
.»ow. Pray adwertife both ija car^ News-paper; and 
let it npt b^ your Faidt or min?, if our Coui^tryiBcn 
will no( take Waruiog. I defire you, likew^e, to. 
:feU U^ep; as (jb^ap as yon caii. 

Iimj^n» SemofU, 

M. B. 


( 8t ) 

Some Obfervations upon a Paper, call- 
ed, The Report of the Committee of 
the Moji Honourable the Prinjy Council 
in England, relating to Wood'i Halfr 

To the Nobility andGentry of tin Kingdom ^Ireland. 

HAVING already written Tw^ Letters to People 
of my own Level and Condition : And, having 
now -^tty preffing Occafion for wi-iting a l^hird^ 1 
thought I could not more properly addrefs it, than to 
yoQr Lor4flnps VixA Worfiifu 

The Occafion is this; a printed Paper was fent 
to xne on the x 8th inftant, entitled, A Report of the 
Commttee of the Lords of his Majeftfs Moft tionour- 
ahle Privy Council in England, relating to Mr. WoodV 
^df fence and Farthings. There is no Mention made 
where the Paper was printed j but I fuppofe it to 
^ve been in Dublin : And I have been told, that the 
^^opy did not come over in the Gazette^ but in the 
London Journal^ or fome other Print of no Authority 
Of Confequence : And for any Thing that legally 
^ppearedi to the contrary, it may be a Contrivance to 
fright us . or a Prye^ of fome Printer y who hath a 
Blind to make a Pfcnny by publifhing fomething upon 
^ Subjed, which now employeth all Our Thoughts in 
4is Kingdom. Mr. Wood^ in publifhing this Paper^ 
^oold infinuate to the World, as if the Comsmttee had 
a greater Concern for his Credit and private £molu« 
^nt, than for the Honour of the Prifvy Council zxA 
"Oth Houfes of Parliament here, . and for the Qgiet 
and Welfare of this whole Kingdom : For it feemexh 
**^ttded as a Vindication of mx. JVoodi nor without 


ta The Drapisr's Lettiics. 

feveral feyere Reflexions on the Honfes of Lor£ aiuT 
Commons of Ireland. 

The whole is indeed written with the Turn and' 
Air of a Pamphlet ; as if it were a Difpate between. 
Willimn Wood on the one Part ; and the l^rds Juftkes^ 
Priiy Ccuncilf and ioth Houfes oi FerUamint on the 
other; the Defign of it being to clear William JVood^., 
and to charge ue other Side: with calling rafh and. 
groondlels Afperfions apon him. 

BuT^if it be really what the Title imports, Mr.. 
Wood hath treated the Committee with great Rudenefs^ 
by publifhing an h€t of theirs in fo unbecoming a 
Manner* without their Leave, and before it was com- 
municated to the Government and Eriiy Council of 
Ireland I to whom the Committee advifed that it 
ibould be tranfmitted. But» with all Deference be it 
fpoken^ I do not conceive that a Report of a Comr 
nittee of the. Council in England is bitberto^z Law in 
cither Kingdom ; and. until any. Point is determined to< 
bs a J;aw, it ren^i^eth di^pikable by ^every Subjed.. 

Tjus (way it ^eafe ypur Lord/heft and Worfl»pi) 
0ta|r fetrm a &range Way of difcouriing in sinJlliUratt 
Sbop^heper, I mve endeavoored (although without 
the Help of Books) to improve that fmall Portion of 
Reafon* which God: hath pleafed to give me; and 
when Reafon plainly appears before me, Icannot turn- 
aavay my.Iiead from it. Thus, for Iaiimnce» if any 
Lawyer (hould tell me that fuch a Point were Law« 
from which many grofs, palpable. Ab£acdities muft 
fellow; X would. not, I cquld not. believe hina. If 
Sir Eidviard . oke (hould pofitively aflbrt, (which h^ 
no where doth» hut thed)ure^ confrary) that a limited 
Srme could, by lus PrerogatitM^ oblige his Sohje^s 
tQ take half* an Ounce of Lead, fiamped with hu L 
inage» for Twenty Shillings in Gold, I ihould (Wear 
lie vtt^ ^ei*v!fd ,QX SLMeceiver^ becanfc a Power like 
tiiat, woi:dd leave the whole Lives, and Fortu,n€8 of 
the People, entirdy. at the Mercy of the Monarch : 
Xfit ibist im Eflne^. is what ^^/Ivath^adVanced in 


ibme of his Pajpers ; iiAd'What fuijpidoas Feople nav 
pffibly apprehend from iome Pauages in that vi4uch 
is called die Report. 

That Paper mentions /^ri& Perjbns to iwvi bten ex* 
^m'neJy nvho itvere defirOQs tfn/ wiUing iO'be heard upon 
this Sui^iS, I am told^ they wtre fbar in all, Cclehy^ 

B 9 Mr. FMe^ the Banker, and one more, whofe 

Name I know not. The firft of thefe was tried for 
robbkig the Treafanr in Ireiafid; and altho* he was 
acquitted for want of legal Proof, yet every Perfon ia 
the Coot believed him to be guilty. 

But, fince I have gone fo far as to mention par- 
ticalar Perfons ; it may be fome Satisfk^lion to know 
who is this fFW himfelf, that has the Honour to have 
a whole Kingdom at his Mercy, for almoft two Yiears 
together. I 'find he is, in the Patent, intitled Efyt 
although he were underftood to be only ^Hard-moare' 
»um ; andfo FMve be<en bold to dall hinTin my for- 
mer Letters : However, a *Squire he js, not only by 
yirtoe of his Patent, but by havings b^en a Collector 
'^^^brepflnreywYittt j^retendiug to have been robbed, 
and ihing the County, - he was caft, and, for the In- 
famy of the Fa£t, loft hi» Employment. 

I have heard another Story of this *Squire Wood^ 
from a veiy Honourable l:<ady,'that one HamHtm told 
her. Hamlim was fent fof^ iix Years ago, by Sirl/aac 
^envtoti, to try the Coinage of four Men, who then 
folidted a Patent foJ* coining Half-pence for /r^/«W; 
their Names were ff^ood, Coflor, Elliflorty and Parker, 
barker made the faireft Offer, txkAIVood theworft; 
for hisOoin were Three Half-pence in i Po«iidW«ght 
Icfs Value than the other. .By which i^i8 plain with 
what IntentioRs he Elicited this Patent ; bur not fo 
plain how he obtained it. 

It* is alledged, in the (!tid Paper 'Called the Report, 
thatj^pon repealed Orders frbm a>Secretary of State* 
for fending over fuch Papers' and Witneffes, as (hould 
be thought proper to fttpport the Objeftions mfede a- 
gainft the Patent, (by both'Heufes'of Pailiament) ; 
^he Lord JJeutevant reprefented <*^the great Difficulty 



Sf The D&APIElt's LCTTE&S. 

*' lie foand himielf in, to comply with thefe Oideiiy 
That one of the principal Members of both Hoafes, 
who were in the King's Service, or Council, would 
take upon him to advife how any material Perfon 
'^ or Papers, might be ient over upon this Occaiioi^ 
" ^c, Jnd ibis is ^em r^uaed^ 4md reprtfenttd as a 
Proceeding ^at ieems very extraordinary; and tha^ 
in a Matter which had raifed fo great a Clamour in 
Ireland, no one Perfon could be prevailed upon to 
** come over horn Irdtmd^ in fuppoit of the united 
^< Senfe of both Houfes of Parliament in Inland i e- 
*' fpedally, diat the chief J^ifiiculty ihould ariie A-om 
*' a general Appreheniionpf a Mifcarriage, in an In- 
" quiry before his Maje%, or in a Proceeding by 
^' due Courfe of Law, in a Cafe where both Houfes 
<' of Parliament had declared themfelves fb fully con- 
** vinced and fatts6ed upon Evidence, and Ejcami- 
** nations taken in ^e moft (blemn Manner.^ 

How ihall I, a poor ignorant Shop-keeper, utterly 
unlkilled in Law, be aole to anfwer fo weighty an 
Objedion ? I will txy what can be done by plam 
Reafon, unaflifted by Art, Cunning or Eloquence. 

In my humble Opinion, the Committee of Coun- 
cil hath already prejudged the whole Cafe, by calling 
the united Senfe of bodi Hwfes rf Parliamttu in In- 
land, an uni'verfal Clamour. Here the AddreiTes of 
the Lords and Commons of Ireland, againft a ruinous 
deflruftive Project of an oh/cnre, fingle Undertaker, is 
called a Clamour. I defire to know how fuch a Style 
would be refented in England, from a Committee of 
Council there to a Parliament ; «nd how many Im" 
peachments would follow upon it. But fuppoling the 
Appellation to be proper^ I never heara of a wile 
Minifter who deipifed the um^uerfal Clamour of a Peo- 
t>le I and if that Clamour can be quieted, by difap* 
, pointing the fraudulent PradUce of a fingle Perfon, 
the Purchafe is not exorbitant. 

But, in anfwer to this Obje&ion : Firft, it is ma- 
nifeft, that if this Coinage had been in Ire^ind, with 
fuch Limitations as have been formerly fpecified in 
other Patents^ and granted to Perfons of this Kingdom* 


letter: iiL ss 

or even of ingland^ able to give fuflicicnt Security • 
few or no Inconveniencies coiila have Mppenedywhich 
might not have been immediately remjedied. As to 
Mr. Kjiox\ Patetit> mentioned in the 'Report, Security 
was given into the Exchequer, that the Patentee 
ftould, upon all Demands, oe obliged to receive his 
Half-pence back, and pay Gold or Snvet in Exchange 
for them. And Mr. Moor (to whom, I fuppoie, 
that Patent was made over) was, in 1 694, forced to 
leave off Coming^ before the End of that Year, by 
the great Crouds 'of People continually offering to re- 
turn his Coinage upon him. In 1698, he coined a- 
gain, and was forced to give over for the fame Rea- 
ron. This entirely alters the Cafe ; for there is no 
fuch Condition in Wood's Patent; which Condition 
was worth a hundred times all other Limitations 

Put the Cafe, that the t\^o HouCes of Lords and 
Cmmottj of Eft^/amf, and the Privy Council lYicr^ (hould 
addrefs his Majcfty to recal a Patent, from whence 
they apprehend the moft ruinous Confequenccs to the 
whole Kingdom : And to make it ftronger, if pbffible, 
that the whole Nation, almoft to a Man, fhonld there^ 
^n difcover the m^ difmal Apprehenfions (as Mr. 
^Wftyles them); would his Majefty debate half an 
Hour what he had to do ? Would any Minifter daw 
^dvife him againft recalling fuch a Patent ? Or >voula 
the Matter . be referred to the Priiy Counjcil, or to 
^(fif^nfier-Ha/f i the two Houfes of Parliament 
^aintiffs, and William Wood Defendant ? ' And \% 

there even the finalleft Difference between the twd 

Were not the People of Irelofidhom ^^ree as thoft 
of England? How have they forfeited their Freedom ? 
Is not their Parliament as fair a Refrefentaii^ve of th? 
^^#> as that of England? And hath not their Privy 
^ooncitas great, or a greatei^ Share in the Adnfiinlftra- 
JJon of pubKck >\ffairs t Are they not Subjeas of the 
*ame Kiti^ ?; Dotlx 'not the fame Sun ihine over them I 
<^nd have they nbt the fame QoHfot their Proretor** 

Vol. IV. I Am 

86 Tbi D|iapi£|l's Letters. 

Aid I a Fneman in EK^landm and do I become a £iSr«r 
in fix Hoursy by croffinc; w Channel? No, Wonder 
then» if the boldefl Perions were cautious to interpofe 
in a Matter already determined .by the whole Voice 
of the Nation.; or to prefuQie to xeprefent the He* 
prefentatives . of ' the '.Kingdom i . and wece jufQy ap- 
prehenUve of meeting fuch a Treatment as they would 
deferve^ at the next Seflion. It would feem very ex- 
traordinary, .if .an inferior Court. in England fhould 
take a Matter, out of the JIands x>f ,the i£gh Court 
of Parliament, «during.a.Proro|;ation, .and jdecide it 
again^.the^Opinion of bothJtioufes. 

It happeneth* however, that, although noPerfons 
were fo bold, -as to go over as Evidences, to prove the 
Truth of .-the ObjeSions made againft.this Patent hy 
the High Caurt ojf' Parliament here ; yet thefe Objefki- 
ons Hand good, Aotwithflanding the^nfwers.made by 
Mr, Wood and kis CwnciL 

The R^ort fays, that itpon an Ji/Jay nmde of the 
Finenefs, ifVeight and Value of this Copper ^ it exceeded 
in e*very Jriick, This is poffible enough, in the Pieces 
iipon which ^he. J^ay was made ; i)Ut Jpjfod muft have 
failed very much in Point, of Dexterity^ :lf he had not 
taken Care to provide a fufiicient Quantity of fuch 
Jialf-pence as woaki bear the Trial i which he was 
well able to .do, although they^u^re taken out of federal 
parcels: Since it is now plain, that .the Bias of Fa- 
vour hath been Wholly Qn\his,^ide. 

But what Need is. th^re.of .dieting, when we have 
a ppiitive Deinonflration oiJVood's faudulent Pra/fliees 
in this .Pomt. J have feen a large Quantity of thefe 
Half-pence weighed hy a very Ikilful Person, -which 
were of four dinerent Kinds, threeof them cohlider- 
.ably under Weight. - I have. now before me, an cxad 
Computation of the Differ^nc^ of Weight between 
thefe four Sorts j by which it appears, that the fourth 
Sort, or the lighteft» difFeris from the firfl to a pegree; 
that, in the Coinage of three Hundred an<l Sixty 
Tuns of Copper, the Patentee, will be ^ Qainer, on- 
ly by that l^ifTerence^ of Twenty JToui^.thonfand four 

* . hundred 

LETTER Iir. 87 

Kondred and ninety, four Pounds ; and, in the whol^ 
the Publick will be a Lofer of Eighty two thoufand 
one hundred and iixty eight Pounds, fifteen Shil- 
lines, even fuppofing, the Metal, in Point of Good- 
Dels, to anfwer tf^occTs Gontrad, and the JJhy that 
hath been made j. which it infallibly doth not. For, 
this Point hath like\^ife been inquired into by very 
experienced Men j who, upon feveralTrials on many 
of thefe. Half- pence, have found tlwm to be at leaSt 
one fourth Part below the real Value (not including 
the. Ra^s at- Counterfeits that he or his AccompliceA 
have already made of hh cnvn Cot\ and fcattered a- 
tout) : Now the Coinage of Three hundred and 
fixty Tun of Copper coined by the Weight of the 
fourth;, or lighteft Sort of his- Half-pence, will a- 
nvount to One hiindred twenty two thoufand four 
hundred eighty eight Pounds, fixteen Shillings ; and 
^wc fubtraa a fourth Part of the real Value by the 
iofi Mixture in the Metal, wc muft add to the pu- 
plick Lofs one fourth Pa?^ to be' fubtraded from th^ 
mtrinfick Value of the Copper ; which in Three hun- 
dred and fixty Tuns^' amounts tq Ten thoufand and 
eighty Pounds ; and this added to the Ibrmer Sum 
01 Eighty two thoufand one hundred fixty eight 
PoundS, fixteen Shillings, will make in all. Ninety 
two thoufand two hundred forty eight Pounds Lofs to 
the Publick ; befides the Raps ot Counterfeits that he 
J^ay at any Time, hereafter think fit to coin : Nor do 
I know Whether Ae reckons the Drofs exclufive or in- 
clufive with hi* thrice hundred and fixty Tun of Cojp- 
P«r; whicli h^Vvevcr, will iaake a confiderable Difl^'- 
«nce in .the Account- 

You will here pTeafe to obferve, that the Profit 
allowed Co ff^ooti by the Patent, is Twelvepence out 
^f every. Pound of Coptoer^ valued at i /. 6 / where- 
J* 5 ^« only is allowed for Coinage of a Pound Weight 
for the inglifh Half-pence 5 and this Difference is al- 
^Pfl^zj per Cent^ which is double to the higheft Ex- 
^ange of Mdney, even under all the additional Pref- 
fcrcs and Obftrudlions of Trade, that this unhappy 

I 2 Kingdom 

88 The Drapier's Letters* 

Kingdom lieth at prefent. This one Circumflaace is 
the Coinage of Three handred arid fixty Tun of Cop- 
per, maketh a DiiFerence of Twenty feven thoiifand 
feven handred and twenty Pounds between Englifi 
and Iriflf Half-pence, even allowing thofe iiiW^od ta 
be aR of the heavitfft Sort. 

It is likewiie to be confidered, diat for every Half- 
penny in a Pound Weight, exceeding the Number di- 
re^ed by the Patent, Wood will be a Gainer in the 
Coinage of Three handred and (ixty Tun ofCopper^ 
Sixteen hundred and eighty Pounds Profit ni6re dian 
the Patent alloweth him ; out of which he may afford 
to 'make his Comptrollers edjs upon that Article. 

As to what is atledged, that thefe If^f-pencs far ex- 
ceed the like Coinage for Ireland ht the Reigns of Aw 
Majefifs Predeceprs : There cannot well be a more 
exceptionable way of arguing, although 1^'e Fa& 
were true; which, JioWever, is altogether mlilake<it; 
not by any Fault in the Ccnimittee, ' but by the Fraud 
and Impo^tion of Pfood, who certainly produced ^ 
'^orft Patterns he could fitid ; fuch as wei«' coined in 
ftlall Numt>ers t>y Tirmij/rons fo pr'swle Men, as. Snl* 
cher's Halfpence y Blacks Dogs ^ iud the like ^ or per- 
haps, the fmall St. Patricias Coin which paffeth how 
for a Farthing ; or at beft, fome 6f tlie'fmalleft Rapt 
of the fated K.ind. For I have how by me fonie 
Half-pence coined itj the Year 1 680, by Viitue of tKe 
Patent granted to my Lord Dartmouth^ whioh was 
renewed to ICnox'i and they are heavier bjr a nih^ 
P^rij than i^ofe of tTood^ and ui mnch better Metal : 
And the great St. Patricts ftadff-jpennyj ijb yet laxg^ 
"Ijian cither. 

BvT what is all this to the ptcient Debate ? It, un* 
der the various Exigencies of former Times, by Wars, 
'Rebellions and Infufredlions, tlie Slings of Englmni 
were Xbmetfmes forced to pay their Armies here with 
' mix'^d or ^afe Money ; Gcxi forbid that the I^ecftfities 
of turbulent Times fliould bip a Precedent for Times, 
of' Peace, aiidOrdfir, and Settlement. . 



fir ^ Patent ' abovemeiitioiled, granted to Lord 
J>arimtit^; in the Reign 6f King CJI^ar/es II. ^ndrc- 
meVftd to i&?(>jr, the Securities given into the ExfJlfi- 
pier, obliging the Fb/^r/^rto receivd h!s Money back 
upon every Demand^ were kh dFeaual Remedy a- 
gainft 4il laconvenienctes : And the Coppir nvas- coined 
in our own KingAm f fo that we weresin no Danger tb 
parchafe it with the Lofs of all our Silver and Gold 
earned over to another; nor be at the Trouble oiF go- 
ing to Etig/andfor the redreffing of any Abfife; 

That the Kingi of JfwgAw^ have exerdfed their 
PrcrogativtB of coinihg Copper for Ire/ofid and for iF**- 
i^ is not the prefcnt Queftion : But (to fpcak lA 
tile Style of the Report) it would feem a /if tie extraardi^ 
ffory; fuppofing a King (hould think fit to exercife his 
Prerogati've by coining Copper in Ireland, to be cur- 
wnt in England^ without referring it to his Officers In 
mat Kingdom^ to be inforined whether the GriiM: 
were reafonable, and whether the People defied it or 
no, and without Regard to the Addreflcs «tf his ParHa- 
went agamft it^ God forbid thatfo mean a Man as I 
mould meddle with the King's Fterogati'Ve ; But I 
have heard very wife Men fay, thrat the King's Prero^ 
gitii^e is bounded and limited by the Good and IVelfarg 
^^^^ People, t deii]^« to know, whether it be not 
QBderftood arki avowed, tha^ the Good of Ireland v/tl^ 
intended by that Patent. But Ir^nd is nor confixhed 
at all in the Matter ; and as foon as Ireland is informed 
®f it, they declare agajnft k ; the tnjj^^UouJks -^ Pan. 
i*mm andthe-mx^yaii^wfc/ addrefsJiisMaifc^'upon 
the Mifchiefs apprehended by fuch a Patent; Thd 
P»-/vj» Ccuncirvci ^jJr|Ai«^/ take t^e' Matter out of the 
"«^/'««ew's Cognizance r The Good of the Kingdom 
te drojt; and it is now determinedi ^%tMx,Wood 
Jnall have the Power of rtiining^ whDleNationiorhik 
pnvate Advantage.' ' : . ^ . 

I ncvet €a» ftppofe; -that fiicH Pdtents^-as thdi 
J'we <>rigHiaUy granted with the VJcw of beiEfe)a.>iiJ 
*^f the imerefl of a partkalar Perfern, to ^e D^i^ge 
*" «« Bttblict - Whatei^ Profit mttft arife-ta th« 

I S, Patentee^ 

90 Tie DR^ttK'3 LctTERS. 

Paoentte, was fiirejy beft buCfas a kcoutaiy 
.Modvci and fince fomebody sraft.tie ^ Gaiaer,. die 
.Choice of the Periba was made ^th^r by Favour, or 
fimitbing eife^* or by the JRie^oo^ oJFMafit Md Ho- 
Aefty: This ArgttmentfetnKDrthfo^ten andiilroiig^ 
^^ Head, that I c^imot forbear., fraqqcaily. t^ 
^peatiag it. • Surely his Majefiy, when b« ^onfeated 
.to the |>afiing €A this PateBt« i^ntmiJid he was •dotng 
.aa ^d of Graoe lo his moft loyal Sabje£is of irthmd, 
without aay Regard to Mn /Tm/, .iaitfaer than as as- 
Jijfinim0rt : Vol the People of lr$Lm4 diipk this Pa* 
iCBt (intended m^Dmd^i for their Good) t»be m^mek 
inielerable Giievance; and therefore Mr. XfWcaa 
never fucceed without an open Avowal that this Profit 
is preferred, not only before the Inierefis^ but the very 
Si/eiy and Being of a great Kingdoaa; and a Kingdom 
daflinraAed i^ its Lpyaky, perhaps above all odue» 
l^n^Earth : Not turned fifod iu Duty by the ymrif- 
-ifiaioH rf$i0 Hmftof Lords aholi^ mi a, Strike ; iy 

h ^^ t^^ Ohfir^ms vi Trade i and by a Hundred 
Other laftances, enough to fill this Fafttf: Mor was 
there, ev^. among. US thf jl^ Atteei>p( towards an 
Infurrcaion in Fav^Mv of the PreUMder. Therefmv 
whatever Juiice a Free Ftofk can ela|m». we ha^e at 
leaft an equal Title to tt With our Brethren in Btig^ 
Umdi . and whatever Gtaa^ a.good Pfitfee <»t^ keAow 
^n the Jejfai SMt^s^ we haxRe imif^lUefiHl tO'e»pe6k]tf 
Neither has this Kiug^om any Way de(erved lo be fa^ 
crificed tt> Ikne jfifgle^ ^rafmdeiu, tftftutey igwmimeMt 

^ AMoitG other Caufes aHentmed in (^is PeUettt t^ 
fhew hov(^ adrvantageous it is to Ireland^ there is one 
Which fcemeth to be of a ^ngidar Nature : i*hat<the 
PdtMiee. fhatt Jbd fAligcd during his.Termv i'« My ^ig^ 
hundred Pounds a-^year to the Crown, and ^"^v^ hnndref 
PmMs a^yeetr. to the C^ntpttoUer, I have heard-jndeed 
^f theKing's€«mndbdo «liways coniider^ in the paff^^ 
m% e£a Patent* ^wlwtiier it will ^ o£ Advantage to 
the G^owna hntl hay^ likewise ll^ard^ tfaift itis at. the 


' I4ETTEK HL . .- 5Bt 

isjoriQiB no any other iPcrfons or Bodtpv^poHiiGUs: 
However. althcMgh the Attorney and Solicitor be.Ser^ 
rants to the KioKr smi^thefdbm bound ta confok hk 
MgjcAy's Into-eft ; yeti am Jifldcr fooic Doobt whe- 
ther £^hC'hiindt«cl Fooads a-ycM tvthe Crown vxwM. 
be eiqoiirdbiit to- the Ruift of a JLiagdom.: It wooid br 
farfaoiterfor ns to baWpaid^ghtihoofatidPoiindtair 
year intohk Majfi^s Ce&rs, ii^the^Adidftiof al^«ir 
Taxes (whkh in Proportion are g^eatto' in this King^ 
^on than ever thty wcra m Enikitad^ even'duiing'dwk 
War) than pucdia^: fnch a» Addition to the RevtfMie 
at the Price of onr mtter Undoing. 

But here it is plain* that Foertoeft dioofand Powtoh 

ve to be paiid by Mr. W§^^ only as a fmall tircum-' 

fiomial Charge.for the Pnrcha& of his Patent : WiiaC 

were his. other jn^fihie Ccfts L know 'net ; and wHk 

wete-his Imtsnt^ is >varioufly oonj^iirad ; But he nMt 

he fundly a hboEk^ of fota€> wonderful Meric Hath ^e 

fared any other Kingdom at his own Expence, to giiia 

^ a Title of ivimbttrfing himielf by. tht-De/ru^ton 

•fours? Hath he difcovered the LongittuUt or the JJiii'- 

^erfii^MtdiciMei No; but he hathlcMHid'Ottt thePivV 

iffipiur'i Siettt after a new Mannbr, by deha/mg o/Co^^ 

t^y and refehring.te force it open as for Guld. • ^ 

When the two Houfes reprefenced to his Majefty^, 

^at' this ' Patent /o'Wood <z«Ai viaameJ' in 4k dandejimt 

^^onner i fute%t the Committee could not think the 

Parliament weald ininoate, that it had not pafiedha 

die Gonnnon FcrmSf and ran through trerj Ofiice 

whexe Fees and Perqnifites were due. They knew 

^ry Weil, that Perfons in Places were no Enemies to 

Grants ; and tbat the Officers of the Crown could not 

he k^ in the Dark. But die * lafe Lord Ueutensm 

^Iflund^&smediy it wa&a ^uteet to him; (and who 

»fll dottbt of his Veracity, efpedally when be fwore to 

^ Petfon of Quality from whom I had it^ that Ireland 

^ttld never be trobbled with thde Half- pence]. It 

• • • • * 

? Chailis Dultof CxAFTOtf. 

if% «r The DaAJPiBRfs LaTtTEKs; 

wna iuSetra t»the PeopiBi6f Irikmd, wlb weit to Ei^ 
dib fn^r^M^r^i^ and tbtfie who beft kaew the State 
of the Kingdom^ «id wenr aoft ablefeo adviih ia fuck. 
«n AfFair, were, wholly Strangess to it. 

It .is allowed hy the R£p9H that this Pmm waa 
pafiisd without theKaowieiceof the chief GoveriKir 
fir Officers of Lnlani: And k is there elaborately 
Aewnr f^^ former JPatetUt bmm pitjfid in the- /atm 
idmimer^ and antgoodin Lom^ l^'lhail not ^f{>ate the 
Legality of Patents, bat am ready to fa{^fc it in his 
Majefty'fl Power to grant a Patentibt ftampiag round 
Sits of Copper to every. Snbjed he hathw Thexelbre 
to lay afide the Point of Law, I woald only pot the 
Qgeftion ; Whether in Reafm and Jt^ice it would not 
Jiave been (roper, in an Affair apon whidi the Wel-^ 
fart of Af Kingdom dt^e^dt^ that the laid Kii^;doin 
ihottld have received tkiely. Notice:; and the Matter 
lOMM be carried on. between. the Patemtet^.^sA the -€^ 
%fn of the Ovum who were to be the. only Guaers. by 
St. . . ' • . 

• Th £ Fat HanKnty who in Matters of this Natim are 
tlie moil, able and faithftd Coanfellors,. did reprefent 
this Grant to be defiruSi'm rf Tradi, and dangerom tm 
ij^ Propertiti of the People \ to which the only Anfwer 
is, Tliat the King hath ol Frerognei*ue. to maik Jkch a 
^tant^ 'i ' ' ..' 

. . iTisanerted, tharin the Patent'to J&oat^ Hh Half'- 
fence are made and Mechmed the,, enrrtnt Coin of the 
Kingdom ; whereas in this: to Wood^ there is only a 
ponder gifuen to i^iue them to fuch as mnll receipt tbenu. 
Xh.e Authors of the Report^ I think, do not affirm 
that the King can by Law dedare.any thing to be cur- 
rent Money by his Letters Patents.. I dare fay they 
will not affirm it ; and if Kn$x\ Patent contained 
Powers contrary to Law, why is it mentioned as a Pre* 
^dent in his Maje%'$/a|^ and merci fid. Reign h JBot 
although that Clauie be. not in Wood^s Patent,. yet pof* 
^iibly thert: are others, the. Legality wheneof may be 
equally doubted ; and particularly that, whereby a< 
Power is given to William Wood to break into Honjes 



in Search if any Coin nuule in Imitation 9f his. This 
* may perhaps ht affirmed to be illegal and dangerous 
to the Liberty of .the Subjed : Yet, this is a Prtcedeni 
taken from Knox"^ Fatent, where the iaroe Power is 
granted ; and is a flrong Inftance what 0fies may be. 
fometimes made of Precedents, 

But althongh before the pafling of this Patent^ it 
was not thought neceflary to confult any Perfons of this 
Kingdom, or make the leaft Jn^iry whether Copper 
Money were wanted among us : Yet now, at l«ngth» 
when the Matter is over^ when the Patent hath long 
paiTed, when Wood hath already coined Seventeen 
thouran4^Pounds, and hath his Tools and Implements 
prepared* to coin Jix times as much more j the Qom- 
inittee hath been pleafed tb make this Affair the Sub- 
J€d of ^Equiry ; Wood is permitted to. produee.his^fivi- 
fences, whidi confiila as I have already oblerved <^ 
Four in Number ; whereof Cokh^^ . JS-tt — , ^d Mf . . 
Finiey tie Banl^cr are THreq. And tbeiig^ yrere ipx 
prove that Copyer Money was. eiclrcmdy. wanted \ni' 
Ireland. The firfl beien d&i of the Eagdom, ^ 
moft twenty Years from the Tii^e,that he was tri^ 
for robbing the ^yeafury ; anS therefore, hia Xfigwit^ 
and Credthility are equal. 

Mr, finley, one of- the other Withoifes* hpnefHy 
confeiTed, that he was ignorant whether. Irtifiwd want- 
ed Copper Money or no;, ^but all hi^ I^tt^n^ion wmj|> 
buy a cer-tain Qija'ntity from ^<»d aj: .|l if^^ J^ifi^^f^ 
and fdl theni a^ well^a^ he could; 'by.w|luq^ l^^bx^^^ 
to.^t two or three thod^jai ?9 wds ^r hw4frKi> , \ 

But, fqpoc^e^h^e ww4iQtonfc^6^ 
of Copper goi« inthis whole Kangdom; (whido;^. 
^Wfecmetl^ to .intend^ ttlilcfe we will coimei t^.JH» 
Terms, as appeareth by empioying hia-Emiiiaries tobujr 
»p our old Ones, at aPenQvin i^^SliilUf^nior^ thm 
they pate for) it couhl not be^any real,E*i*f, t/^^^i < at 
though it might be fottie./^Wviii^i^Kr^^-^^ 
^y Sorts of linall Silver Coin*,, ^,whi^, they; are. 
Strangers in England -f ibcH aj^ & fy^ci. ■'ThreefeMfis^p, 
^^ur^ence Half-femiesy and jtrgitfehce tartbings^ 


9 ' 

.9* ^ Ti&^DkAPiER^s Letters. 

the Scots Fi'vepences and Tenpetuesi befides Aeir^ 
ynjoentytences and Three and Fourpencesy hy. which we 
are able to make Change, to a Half penn}^, of almoft 
any Piece of Gold or Silver; and if we were driven to 
•the Ekpedrent of a fealed Card, with the Ihtie Gold 
Gr Silver ftill remaining,, it will, I fuppofe, be fome- 
what better than to have nothing left hutWoekPs ad- 
ulterated Copper ; which he is neither obliged by his 
Patent, nor HITHERTO able by his Eftatc tamake 
good. ' 

TttE Report farther telledi us, " it muft'be admit- 

*" ted' that Letters' Patents, under the great Seal of 

'**'Greai Britain, for coining Copper Money for Ireland, 

"**'arfc legal and obligatorjj, a juft and.rea(bnable Ex- 

'** crcife of his Majcily*s Koyal Prerogative;, and in 

'*• tto Manner derogatorjr, or inva£ve 6f any Liberty or 

'" Privilege of his Subjeas of' ^elandT' Fh-ft,.wftdefire 

•to know, why his Maje^y's FterogOti've might not 

have been as well' afierted^ by^ p^ng Ms Patent in 

^hekmd, and fubjed^kg the ievetal Conditic5ns of die 

'.feoritrafi to the Infpeftion of thofe, Who ^re only con- 

^rhed i as ^ras formerly done in the only Precedents 

^fiwPatents^gktited forxoimng fbr diis Kingdom, finc& 

die mij^t Money in Queen Eltzabetlh Time, during tht 

'Wlficulties' df a RebcHion':. Whereas now,, upon the 

'g^eateftr Imjjoiition that can* poflibly be-pra^fed, we 

*Siaft' gp^ to ^«g^A?/'\5rith'0!ir Complaints ; where it 

«hJrth*bdei)^'lbt tome Tithe;' the Faftiion tathinfc and 

Wfaffirin^, '^pJt-nvtxannoiU too kfrdtji u/ed^ Again, the 

Report pm\.^ 1^7^ fiich^ Patents aril oMgatoty.^ -After 

^dtl^tmnfehg^, I ant not abtc tb'^firid'aak what can 

•^ffiWy; bfer meant here by 'thfe Word Obf^atofy : This 

♦Patent i£:Wood neither ohligetb him to utter his Coin, 

tK>r US. to'take it; or, ir it did the latter, it woukl 

'be for fai^vdid,, beeaufe'ifer Patenrcan^^%^ thd Sob- 

7e6l«a^attft-i.W ;^ tinfcfs^ffly^Hfegal Patentpaffed in m 

Kin^donH "caw bind «w/iJ^ iuidnot itielf. 

• •^LASTL'Vj'itis'^ded, t\i^t/uckPic(tents are in m man- 

diroiatory^ or inkfe^'ve'df anj Litertj or Privilege 


i//he King's SidfWifs o/Iid9Xid, If 

true, as it is. here la^d down, without any Lioiitationy 
either cxpreGhd pr implied ; it maSt follow, that d 
King Qi England m^y, at any Time, coin Copper Mo- 
ney for Ireland i and oblige his Subje^s here to take 9^ 
Piece of Copper, under 4e Value of half a Farthing, 
for half a Crown, as was pradifed by the late King 
James ; and even without th^t arbitrary Prince's Ex- 
cufe, from the Neceflity and Exigencies of his AiFairs. 
If this be in no Manner derogatory, nor innjafifve ^f a^, 
Liheriies or Prl'vi^egej of the Subje&s cf Ireland ; it* 
ought to have been ^exprefled what our Lihriie^ 4nd 
Pihilegis ace ; -and whether we have^ any at all.; iox 
in fpecifyiag the Woxilreland^ inllead of .faying hii 
Majefy's Subje^is^ . it would Cbem to inftnuate, that we 
are not upon the fame Foot wkh our Fellow Subjects 
v\ England i which, however,* the Pradice may havtf 
been, I hope' will nqverbe direftlyaffertedj for I dci 
not under/land that Pe/;?/«^*8 Aft, ; deprived; us of ouij 
Uhtrty^ but only changed the Manner* pf paffing Law^ 
here f (which, boweVer, was a,PQwer,naoft indire6lly, 
obtaineli) by leaving the Negative to the two Houfes of 
Parliament. But,- waving all Controverifes relating to 
the Legiflature ; no Perion, I believe, was ever yet fb 
bold as to afiirni, that the Pe9ple of Ireland have not 
the fame Title to the Bencfitr of the Common Lav;^ 
with the reft of his .Majefty's Subjedsj and therefore^ 
whatever Liberties or. Privileges thePeopleof £«g/4>«4f 
enjoy \iy Common Za^Wf Ave;of /r^/{i»^ have :the|/ame^i 
fo that, in niy humble Opinion, .tt^e /JVord, Irs/a^ 
fianding m that Propofition, .was,^ in the n^ilde'ft In- 
terpretation, ,aL^A ?/^^^ f^»« . . . i 
Th£ Report farther aflerts, •« that the Precedents are 
" many, wherein Cafes of great Importance to /rp/tf»//j 
" and which immediately afeded rfie Intereftfijof th?i5 
" Kingdom, fuch ^^Wair^nts, Orders, and Dirjeaion^i 
" by thd Authority of tlie King and his Pred^ejejfori^ 
** have been ilTued under the Rojjal Sign ManpaJ lyith- 
" out any prevlouslleferei^ti, or Advice 9f hisMaje* 
" fty^s Officers. of Ireland y w^ch have always hftd. 
' • • '"• * "their 


96^ The DRAPrEit*s Letters. 

^ their diie Force, and have beei^ pundualfy complied 
^ whhy uad obeyed.** It may be fo; ai;)d I am heartily 
forry for it ; becanfe, it may prove xi eternal Source of 
DircoMe^t. However; among aU-thefepr/^v^//, ^ere 
|l not one of a Patent for conHifg Money for h-elam^f, 
' Tnbke is nothing hath perprexed me more than 
ijkis Doctrine of Precedents. -If a Jobb b to be done. 
and, upon fearching Records, yoa find it hath been 
doee before^ there will not ivant a Lawyer to yfSdfy 
tile Legality of it by producing his Pr^cedefits ; with* 
Oiit ever confidering ^e Motives and Circumftances 
diat Mt introduced them ; the Neceflity, or Turbu* 
leoce,or Iniquity of Times; the Coi?iiptioirs of IVfini- 
Hers, or the aibitraTy Dii^oi^tion of ^e Prince then 
feigning :• And I have been tdd, by^eripns eminent in 
^e Law, that t^e worft.Adions which human Nature 
k capable of, may be jaftified byi^e f^me Oodrhie. 
How the if^ Precedents began of determining Cafes of 
Ae>highe(l Importance tp Ireland^ and i^medtately afr 
fedliilg its Intered,' without any previous Reference ot 
Advice tp ^3tkt King^s Officer^ h^re, may foon ^be ac* 
touat^d^r. BdFore this Kingdom was jcntirdy redu- 
ced, by the Submiflion gf Tyrone^ in the taft Ye^r of 
Qbeeti Elkcaheth^i Reign, th^re was a Period of Four 
hundred Years, which wasavanous Scene of War and 
P«3ce between the Englifi? Pale aiid Ae hi/h'^zr 
tfves I and the Government of that Part oA ^b Ifhnd 
which lay in the tnglijh Hatifds, was, iti max^yThita^ 
«]ickf the imxnedfate Adminiftrapon of the ivitig^: SiU 
v^ And Copper were often coine^d here amone us ; and 
once, ' at leaft, upon great NPeceffi|cy, .amix'd or bafe 
Metal was fent from En^tand, The ^eign of |S1. yamcs 
I. was employed in Ictthng the Kingdom, after ^Tyr^^^'s 
Rtfbetlfon; and thb Nation flouriihed extremely, until 
tiieTimepf the MafTacre, 1641. .In. that difHcult 
JohaH!«»of • Afcirs, ihe Nobility tfnd Gcntr/ coin^ 
Aeir owtt Plate here in Ptd^iin,! . ^ ; ' 

- fit sdl riiat I can^iifcovcf, the Copp^t* Coin 6( L^e- 
iahd^ for Three hundred Years pa^, coniifted^of finali 
J^ence and halfpence; wlnch'particul^MenfiadLi* 



» * " - 

cenee^to ^i^iif, ^aliil)v><tfe cuittn^ only within certain 
Towns tvA >B4ftri^,' acccM'dlffg to^die ptrfonal Credit 
of the^OWnef 'who uittfejd ihemv atid \^as boand 
:o rtccii^e t&eiH Ugaui' j whereof I have ' feen many 
Sorts: ftekherhtve-r heard of any Patent granted for 
coining C&ppetfor heJanJ, until the Reign of King 
Charles II. which was in the Year 1680, to George 
Leg, Lord Dkftmouihi and renewed by KlngJ|f«/»« 
II. in the fitft Ycdr of his^ Reign, to John iCffox. 
Both Patents '^9^6rt ^fSkA in Irehtidi ctnd in' bbtlJ the ' 
Patentee** wdrebotind /lit> receive their Coin agzcin,' 
from aiiy bne'tlhit wbold ofFer th^m Twenty SJiiffings* 
of it J fbr which they were obliged to pay G^old or 
Silver, - ' • 

The Patents bdtl^ of Lord Durtmoutb and Knox^ 
were referred to the Attorney-general here, and a 
Report made accordingly, and both, ay I'have^lready 
^aid, we!repsdied in-^s-KirigSom. knox had only a 
Patetit fir the Rem^rrdeir of theTernt granted to Lord 
^orfwrtri'i&vthtf -Patent 'esquired in i^oi, arid upon 
a Petidon.Hby RogA^ Mdftb have it renewdd, the Mat- 
ter wis 'referred fiilher'; and upon the Report of the 
Attomty and Solicitor, .that it was not for his Maje- 
fty's Service,, or riit Intereft of the Nation, to have it 
rencwei, it was r«jeaed by King H^lk'am. • It fhould 
therefore feem Very >.*t>^or^»»rjr, 'that a- Patent for 
coimng Copj^cr -'Half-'pence', ititended and profefTed 
for theGood of the Kingdop, (hould be paiTed without 
once CQijiulting^Hat^ fen^dom, for the Good oi 
which'ii ii declared to be intended ; and this upoji 
the AppKeittbn'Of «t foor, frinmte, oh/cure Mechanicki * 
^ a 'Patent of ftch a Nature, Aat as foon as ever 
^c Kingdom 4i iftfbrmcd of its being pafTed, they 
^ out imatTijifiptffly agdinft it/ as ruinous and dc- 
M^ve."' ^c^ReprifenratiVes of the Nation in Par-' 
jjamerit, 5ihd,i^e*TOvy Cooncii; addrefs the Jimg to 
|j*^ it retailed rV^ the\Patentee, fuch. 'a one as I. 
have defcribed," mall prevail to have this Patent ap- ' 
ftovcd; ^nd 'his' private Intereft ft all Weigh down the 
."Application of i whole Ringdom; St. Pauf fays, 'M 
Vol, IV. K Things 

98 7li DkAPISR*8 Ir^TTIKS. 

TlftMgj wre lawful, Ina M fU^s an mi opedieat. , 
We are anfwevDd, that this Patent is Uwfidi boti&it 
<»^4Sf/af / We ready that the H^Pne|iaid,if<«w 
txpedieat tbmt mi Man fimUSt far tlm P^i aad 
this was a moft wicked PropdQtioiL Bot dut a wUlt 
Natim ihould £i for mu Mam^ was neyer hcaid of 

But, becaofe much Weight is laid on die Pr^ 
1^// of other PatenU» ^c9humgCcgfnforlpix^\ 
I'will fetthis Matter in as dear a Light as I cao. 
Whoever hath read the R^of^t, will be apt to think 
that a I>ozeii Precedents, ^at leaft, could be proda- 
ced of Copper coined for Jrikmd^ by Vidxie of Pi* 
tents paffed in England \ and that the Coinage wv 
there too.; whereas, I am oonfidqij^ theie cannot be 
cutPreceJent fhewn of a Patent £«|W 
for coiniiu; Copper ibr /r^ZsM^ for above anHuodred 
Years paft; and if there were any before, itsuiftlie 
in Times of Confufion. The ody Patmu I conld 
ever hear of, aite thofe .already mentioaedy to Lord 
Dartmonib and J^tax} the former in 1680, Mi the 
latter in 1685. Now, let us compare thefeP^Q^ 
^th that granted to ITW. Firft, the Patent to 
KnoXf whidi was under the fame Conditions as that 
granted to Lord Dartmonib, was pafied in kflatd* 
the Government, and the Attamt^ and SMtor-it^ 
tier^if making Report that it would be ufeful to & 

The Patent was pafled with the Advic» of the 
King^s Council here ; the Paienise was obliged tp i^ 
ceive his Coin from thofe who tfaoue^t uemfelves 
furchargedy . and to give Gold and Sil<ver for it: 
LafUy, the Pattniu was to pay only. 16/. \^u 4^' 
fer Ann. to the Crown. Then, as to the EjKcation 
of that Patent : Firft, I find the Half-^nce wei^ 
milled i which, as it is of great tJfe to prevent Couo* 
terfeits, (and therefore induihioufly avoided by Wood) 
fo it was an Addition to th^ Chargfs of Coinage. Aod 
as for the Weight and Goodnefs (^ &e Meul, I hare 
feveral Half-pence now by me, many of lybichwei^^ 


a mnth Put more than thofe ^ned by Wood; and 
bear die Fire and HamincT a great deal better; and 
which IS noTrifle, tlie-Impreffion fairer and deeper. 
I grantv indeed, that ixtany of the latter Coinage yield 
in Weight to- ibme of JP^o&sTs, by a Frattd natural to 
iuch' Paienfefi ; bat not fb immediately after the 
Gitmt,' and bef<Me the Cdn grew current: For, in 
this Circomfhince, Mr. H^ood muft ferve for a Pna- 
dna'VBk future Times. 

Let us new ocamine this new Patent granted to 
Wittiam Wwi. It paflled otKMi very falie Suggeftions 
of his own,' and of a few Confederates : It pafled in 
England w^out the leaft Reference hither j It pafled 
unknown to the v^ Ld^d LietOenaHty thim in Eng- 
iand, WM-n impow^red to coin One hundred and 
eig^t Ihbu&id Pounds, ^ eafd ait the Officers in tSe 
JSjngdnn (Civil and Military) are commanded in the Re- 
port to countenance and affift him. Knox had only 
Fower to utter what we would take^ and was obliged 
t9 recei*6e'ki$ Coin hack again at our-Demand^ and to en" 
ter into &ncnrity fir fa diingi lf^ood*s Half-pence are 
not ' miliedi and therefb^ more ea£ly ' counterfeited by. 
himfelf9A Well atf by others. Wood pays a Thoufand 
Pounds j^ Ann^ to i^ Years; Knox paid only 
i6/. 15/. A^* ptr Ann^iot 21 Years. 

fr wfts ^ti. Report that fet me the Example of ma» 
king a Oompaiifbn between thofe twoPatents, wherein 
the ComndUieynt^ groifsljK mifled by the ial^ Repre<- 
ieatatio&'^f MlUiltax* I^m/^ 89 it'was by another Af- 
ferdon, tfeac Seven hvndied' Tons of Copper were 
coined doi^^tlie t\^ Yearr of Lekd Dartmonth'^ and 
Knate't Patents ji StMli^a QjMBtity of Copper at the 
Rate of 2 jr. 8 i/. /tfr Pound, woidd amount to about 
anHmdred andP* ninety. dtosfand Pounds; which 
was very near as much as the current Caih of the 
Seingdom in thofe Days; }«t, during that Period^ 
Mandm9B never known to have too much Copper 
Coin ; and for ftveral Yeftrt there Was tio coinim^ at 
all: Be&les, l^akyfiM, thatnpon^inquiringmto 
the Ctttem-hoafeSoblos -att tho- Copper ii&porte4 

£ a inta 

>P0 7ifDiqATlWt'$'I?Et!TERS- 

into this Kiogdpm&om i6S^ to 1 6^^mkyA i$/dBmies 
eight Years of the ;}i (bcfides one Year alloiy«d/or 
the Troubles) did iH>t C9a5Md47TQpift : And we can- 
not fuppofe. even that; fmali Q^nti^ to ha|% htcn 
wholly applied to poinags?: So tl^t,:! bdie^ there 
was never any CompafiCbn ii&ore uqluckily ina4p><or £b 
dedru^ive of the. De^g^ for* whi^h i^^.-was .-pro- 

The Pfalmiil reckons it an £iFe£i of God^s J^^et^ 
when Jn falktb iw Fnfk fir Nwght^ and t^ikttif no 
Monty for them. That we hAye-Rr^atly piS^nifed G§d 
hy the Wickechn^ of4Qttr J^v^t » nf^l'to be diTpntei}^ 
;£at our YLvag ym' hav^ vmK o4iiSD4ed in Witfd- or.DcaN ; 
and, jdtheugh he be God]% yicMesef^ upfui fiatdi, 
he will iiot puniih J» % 99f Qwnces, ^cacoqH diofe 
which we ihall ^omini^ ^g^nft hi» kg^ Ai)lly?iit}^ 
his (acred Perfon (which God prcftcve) or dieXiaws of 
the Land. 

The llq>prt is Tcry profofe in ArgumeatQ^ that 
Ireland u in grai^t Want.of Ci^pyper Mo»^: Who 
w/^re the WitnciTes to psviv^ it, . ha$h }imk ihewn 
j^lrcady : But, . in; t^ ^fimcb^ /ft^J,,. whji.4W -t^ be 
Judgfii^i Doth. nfiiS^ tke N^tioiivbeft ll«|iw -i^ oivtt 
Wants ? Boittk Houfefrof Pyjiaiiif nty. tfee fj^vyfCoiii^ 
dl and the whote ^jttody pf. t^^ ffepplf <ieQ|ati^ •t]^ coq- 
.trafy. Of,.M^§£F9li^.]p|Btfli^All0t WfU^Ji^ i^fire 
th^y RMiy not kte. fiii^lM by Ml. W^<fHU We koow 

x>ur vOfva Wants bui tQQ w0l]l : jXk^-^wmamo ^ 
^-ii^wi i^^\m»t. but ffm^Xiijmm^tiUiiiiU .1^ 

(hort.tiuv^.i^tSP i»tt Pne Giridf i«do^vwifi^ftn4iie^ 
|;e^p.jjh^ij:'|a4A)t««t9^9fM^ A^fcMie l fiMMW^ fl^dft- 
Cj9e»in§d^()l0t luiifehiiiQ^'it: wkh .^ur Mawif«£bsm» 
which /^«^ hatii ^aoiovtQy ^Ifored. •^o i«c0p((. <Oi«r 
Warns «f9 iiot;io bad hy aor hBPd»dtkf ait:«s the 
Methcid Jie hath t^d^en to ^if^y thftn^ He.hl^^ at- 
read)? tri^ his Fna^j^jtiffuf-ii^dmNl i mdllmpc 
he '. wiyUi lEneet at lfaft.wMh.a^*<|iM<>A^<^fHiRr)Me«: 
What y<&4i iMaa -IfegKe to.piihlklrfBt^^^ lam 
iii^polay ft. 11^ Qaifei thafc;i£ ihihit fttiitt A» any 
4. : i :, Perfott 

LETTER Iff. roi 

Mob abeady leoeivkig a moBflroiss Penfion out of 
tiiis Kmedoniy who was inffanmeatal in procaring the 
PMmt, they luive either not well confolted thetr own 
btereib, or ITmm/ maft pat more Dio(s into his Cop- 
per, and ftill diminifh its 'Weight. 

Upon WM*s Complahit that the Officers of the 
^g*8 Hevemie here had already given Orders to 
all the inferiorOffioera not td reoesv« any of his Coin ; 
^R^ort^Kys,'** That diis cannot but be looked upon 
'* as a very extraordinary Proceeding, ami bang cmora^ 
''rytotU PattMTJrgkfiM m tkePmian:" The Commit' 
tieky^ ** They cannot advife his Majefty to give Di-' 
'' rnSSoasto die Officen of thr Revenue here, not to 
"receive or otter wxf of the faid Gdn asliadi been de- . 
'* fired in the AddrdTes^of bodi Hoofcs;'* but on the 
contnuy^o ** they thiidc it bodi jnft and reafonable 
*' that the King fhoold immediately give Orders to the 
" Commiffioners of the Revenue, &c, to revoke all Or- 
'* ders, (ste. that may hare been given by them to hin- 
'' der or obihtUft the receiving'the faid Coin:? Andac** 
coidiiigly we are told foch Orders are arrived. Now 
this was a Caft of /Frnf s Politicks ; for his Infbrma- 
tion was wholly falfe and groundlefi ; which he-kneu^ 
veiywell; ana that >^ie CooimifliOQers of the Re>- 
veaoe hei'e were all^ except one, fent us from Eng* 
^> and love theit Employments too well to have 
taken foch ia Step : But J^oaJ was wifeenott^ to con- 
fider, that fuch Orders of Rrv9ta$i$n would be an open 
^claratbn of the Crown in his Favour; would put 
^Government hereunder a Difficulty; wbaldmake 
^ Noife ; and, poffibly create fboie Terror in the poor 
''eople of Ireiand. And one great Point he hath 
gained $ that although any Orders of Revocation will 
Je needlefs, yet a new Order is to be fent, and per- 
■^aps al^ady here, to die Commiffioners of the Reve- 
nae, and all die King's Officers in Ireinkdi that 
"^ ^«df'» Half-pence be fuffercd and permitted, with- 
" Ottt any Let, Snit,Tn)ubIc,*^Moleftation or Denial of 
II any of the King's Officers or Miniftcrs whatever^ 
^ to pafs and be received as cttrrem Mmey^ by fuch as 
/ ihall be w//7/>rj to receive them. In this Order 

K 3 thece 

202 TbeDzAPitK^T^'^txs. 

there is/iioExcepM»i 4iii^KNfb«s».^£iiratrIcft 
judge, h\Vfc\adt».9U0Jkmhdik€kvU,^ia^ 

and from die GMend to ah ^^^jgw: ^tlut:A^lB& 
Projedl is not likeljr. to fail for Want of Mawmgert^" 
noiigh. For my own Part* as TUogs Aaad^ I have but 
Imle Regret to find ayfelf out of ite Abgnkr % and 
therefone I ihall amtwae ift ^ Htiaitlttjr to eAat 
and warany FeUow^Atje^ never to jnoBifFietir otter 
this Con» whkh wHi redacrthn Ki«gdonao ^^Pgga- 
ry by anch. quicker and krget Sieft, ^ma hai« IdllieF- 
to been taken. 

BirTiti9nsedle&.t<»argiieaoy.k>ngst* The Matter 
28 come to an lifiie. . His MajcAyv ptrfimmt. to tht 
La^t hath left the Fkld open between i#^M^ aad the 
Kingdom of Irelami. l^oad hath Liberty to •jfa- has 
Coin, and we have.Atfstfy lUa/oUt. Uhtrty^ and Ne* 
€(^ty to rtfuft it. . A knayiib Jock^ jb^ rids, an old 
foundered Jade about tbe Market, bat nooe ace oi^ged 
to buy it* I hope the Words nnhmiary^.txA wn&i^ 
io receive- it, will be nndeilloed) and-^i^ifdied in their 
true natural Meaning, as eommonly undtrfiood bf Frof 
ieftants. . For, if Tifiree Captaim eometh to my Shop to 
buy fix Yards of Scarlet. Cloth,. followed by aPerter 
laden with a Sack df Wocdh Coin upon his Shoulders; 
if we are^ag^need about the Pnce^and my Scarlet Ueth 
ready cut upon tiie Counter ; if be then givetkmethe 
Word QfCommami to receive my Mbney in W9o£z 
Coin, and calls me z^diJaffeBedJae^te Dag.focjfkh 
fing it I (although I am as loyal a Sujb|ed. as'Jdmfidf^ 
BndtuiiimttfHire) and tfaereupoli Cbtk, 
leaving me the Price in this odious Copper^ and bids 
me take my Remedy : in this Gafelfinilii^ 
brought to think I zm/efttt mg^'owu. iVilij.. 1 fhall 
therefore on fuch Occaitons, firft oixier the Porter ar 
Ibrcfaid tOrgP off with his Pack; andthenfeethe Mo» 
i^ey in Silver and Geid in my Poileffion before I cat or 
ifieafure^my Clodi. . But if a eomraam Soidi^ dnnka his 
Pdl firft, and then offers P^onent in Woad't Half-pence, 
the Landhtdj may be under feme Dificulty : For, if 


LSTTfiH IIL . 163 

ff'AOjfictni iacbAAiir.'tbkrgnicml Qidcf f«B«tt>- 
courigiog dwisrUiKpaictt to pais jas- ovrMf JKui^f . 
If &e^;om ta ft jiiftics 0f Beace, ke is dUbAft O^^o^ 
10 Hfihtta tilts gemrrd Ocdsnta ^ircAed.. I <io cihcre^ 
ibreadwifelicr to fottawmy BraAice^ wiiidf 1 lisveaK 
ready begun ; and fa^pnd for her Goods bdbve file 
paitB wkh thenu HoMfcm, I fiiOHld haftt bees ooow • 
tea^ for fome ftcafooa^ xhiat the Mio^tArir Gintiemm 
had been Qxceptod.^r Name; boeaafe i have heaxtl 
it io^ thir tfadii liifeipiioe. ii faeft maimed iai|hm 
their owa DiftriCl. 

Hm Majrfty, in tho GoaolnAoiK of 'his Anbiet to 
the A4dfiers of the Hoofe of Lonls» a^uaft IVvodS 
Coin, is pleafed ta£i9r^ <* Thathe willdo every Tluag 
" in his Powar to the Satisfadion of his Fe^le.'* Jx 
ihoidd feeai theiefere, that the recalUog the Patent is 
not to be imderftood as a Thing in hisFawutz Fat 
lioveier, foice the Law doth not oblige ii» to^iiioeinB 
^ Coin ; Jtnd con&qacntly die. Eatetot ieaveait tomir 
▼oianta^ Onice? there is< n6thing.0taiainiii|^taplv- 
ferre ua ft-om Rain, but that the. whole Kiagdom 
ihoold contintein a form determinate Hefotocibaaevek 
to.receive or. ntier^s /oio/ Qnnz After whicb^ let 
the Ofiurs. to whom thefe. Orders vaiv diftdod (1 
would willingly eSccept dkvMiJiHuy) come with, their 
"ExhofMtiony thtoT-Ji^tumKiSf and their Jl^^^aiar^^ to 
petfnadeosJto fold oor lotei^ in>oar Undomg* Let 
^uil and his j#rr«»fifaa«tmvelr.abeut.^cCdoncnr 
with Cart'ltmds of their MKmHy and foewto^wiU 
t^ it oflF their Hands': There wili be no Fear o^ big 
being robbed ; for a. Higd'ttfay'^maM will (cotn to 
tOBchit. . "■ '. ' . '• ■ ' 

1 am only inPaia how- die CanwiifiMm ofthe JU^ 
^^ue Will proceedin dial jao&v^ beeanfo; I4m ^(M, 
theyare obHged^ byAAxi^PiOiiankeat^ to iidke«iothtng 
^ Oi/^ and ^^ewt in. Payment for his Majefty?» Ctd- 
Aav.* And 1 think they.cauiDDjafily ofibrtliisCoin> 
2ge of Mr. tf^m^ toiodKn^ aaleis they^wiU be content 

^ lecdve it themlelyfs. 


t04 Tbi Drapibr's Letters. 

.*! TMi.Somofdiewbokls'Ass. <<TlM^Ouiiiiiiile« 
^ adviits Ao King ta»f6ad*imniBdwt»Ordtti tor-attkii 
.<<^Officen hicer'&tlF^MftCoiA be foftM amdper^ 
." mitied widioaMa^ Let, Sai^ T^nbk^ &V. to pafi 
*< and befsodvedaaofrrMf Afimrfybyibch asfluUbe 
'^noUling to receive the ikme.** Itis probaUe that the 
iirft *wimng Rgcekftrs may Jbe tihole ymo-naji ncaveit 

• 'u^btr Aff nmilor m, at kaft under the Fenaky of 
lofing an Office. But Ae^amkd wukprndng Mkm, the 
Mardwai, the Shuf^keipers and Bulk of the People, I 
Jiope, and am almoil confident, wiii never reoenre it 
What moft the Confeqaence be ? The Owners vrSL 
iett it for as mnch as they can get. IVatd't iia2f«*|»ence 
will oome to be cAred for fix: a Penny (yet then he 
win be a.fiiffident*Gainer) and the tutiffiuj RMcriven 
will be Loftrs of two diirds in AtstSaUtna or P^f. 

This pots me in mind of a Paflage I was told many 
.¥ean ago in EntLmdi At a Quarter*ieffioas in LoiB' 

. /at,. the Jufticesnad wifely decrcedto take offir Hatf- 
fiennyin a Qnait from die Pnce of Ale. One <^dien 
■who came in after the Thing was detsiaiincd, being 
Informed of what had pailed, faid thns, '* Gentlemei^ 
^ Yott hare made an Order, thato^/rihonldbefbkiin 
^* onr Coonty for three Half-pence a Qnart< I deiire 
*' yott win now make anothes. to appoint who mnft 
»^drinkH,lbri>yG— Iwmnot'' • 

I moft beg Leave sta caotbn^.yoar :Lan!/bips anc^' 
^«i>^^ in cme Particular^' ITsn^hathgradoiiiifpio- 
-mifed to had m at prefieat only with Forty tho&- 
j&nd Pounds of his Coin, moii the £xigeiic» rf tim 
£inffbm rtfuin tie r^ I intresfc yoo wtlh never 
inflFer Mr. IVood to bo a Judge of tjoor Midffmy, 
While there is one Piece of Simror Gold left in the 
£ingdoin» he will call it an Bxigiwej^ He will doable 
Jiis prefent i^soKhim by Siedtkas^bin asrhe^caa : He 
will pour his own A^ -zad »€Mtirfii^ij Jotfoa ns! 
Frmue and HoUmd wUl do ihe' £une ; nor win oib: 
own Coiners at home be behind ihein : To^ confirm 
iwhich, I have nonv in diy ^odcet a i^ or Countetjcit 
Half»penny in Imitation of hts» but fo ill performeil, 


. XJErTTi;R,I9.:f , . SOS 

Coiiuiig. ^ • . . - 

I.nujil now defir^ljxof^^Ifi:^^ ^xAWarJ^pf thj^- * 
you will give ffl-«ftj^y9iysippr,fi>rtl|is^l9j^ iwidigtil- ^'; 
edPap^. . J iifid J9i>f4^UQ.bay« j;oi|ektQ fevcrai R«- 
ptftitiM^ ;mhi^^ .war^ .Jth« Effeas >ftf l^j^ . whi|e 
n»^ Th<>^gh^r^lliii,|i9 ^d^fooB^fihipgftawto iuid 
faidrbefore. I think I^ niayjaffirjiH 4&t I Juv« fally 
^fiv^li^, every Pai?>gi:aph u^ tl^g £^/2 jw^^^al- 
thoagh it be not a^tiully cir^wn, and is^perfedly m tlie 
Sfttj^t of a PJpiv^r, wbp^^ £n4 tb^ i2|oA jlauiibfe 
Topick? in.Behaif^of hi& Piea^; yettWe^iva^^ip |^eat 
Sidli reqiiirad-^o djr^^ nbe ixif^y ,Mi(iaIu^ c^pukicd 
initiT^bidi; h^W^er^ arq l|y no Il^flanii t»be^chargivi 
•Upofi^ tb^ Rigt^:|lpi](piiiat>W Comt)»i(teeK but npMi 
the imoft falfe, bpti^dtP^ '9^4 fr«a4>ileiK {Lefoefenta- 
tiojDs of Weodwei^iis A«co|nplice9. I defire 09^ Par- 
ticttkJF jnay dwell )Upayi your Miods^ althongb i have 
0ieD^9iied . it .nwce than once 1 ;Tba^ i|fter aU tbe 
W^bt liud u|>pntt]|ef r4rr4(r«^4, thace if not ^ne pjro- 
duced in the whole U^f^ of a PateiU for foin^s^ 
C^p|i«lio;£frg^Aut»<rt£^lpa4kia/^ foi^miy^jwo 

PateaM:fefefT^ (Cb 'il^ iBdee4 th^seiM^ece no toopi) 
wJiiGh wtere bQ$b;.^ii%i^in,/r/Zfl^ by {UfevenoB^ to 
th« Siffg^'^ Council hsi^% bothJeb advantageous to the 
Coiaec man thi3 of ^m^s ^fA^ bpt);, /' Se<;Mripps 
** ^vcn to .receive 4m Coin at evc^ CaUt and give 
<' Gold and, Silver, in liea5)f it;." , Xbi^ def^opftratea 

hy^Hs^ b4 M J»ld liNMieavOtir lo^ atfdM^e BiglitHo* 
noorable Committect bi» Infiili^ViHM '(%/bi».ownril- 

iflgpbiiRd.^iKMb^iimt .Gaio) ^ ffMin^ a4iii|ig4fPb jwfaich 

3)aibida^4di9M^</(f^tfM/Tr^^^ . . - r.; 

I am very rai£Ua» tbatfi«dkarWofk^J|iaiireiiii' 
deitiiben, mdit'JbAFeivfltffthUy^^lployed « nvDcb betiar 
Pen : But when a Houfe is attempted to be robb€^» 
it often happlQ09 itot-th« wcateft in, tl^ef afnily runs 
ixf^oMfAQpfy^^ lAU^th^A9fUnp04^hadwere ' 
foine InforniatiiMi« fcomi fi^c^f^d^r/o/t ; whereof 
I am alhudriljiairfti^^tfdkd a few, by end^oiiriRg to 



Yc6 Tbi TXKATnffs Lirriks. 

maketiiett of fTieoe ^Mt slyowii P i oa aafcm >; and 
the reft I was not able to, manage : I was in die Cafe 
of Bavid^- ^O'COuUmt'fm^frinfhe 'JSrmmir ^Sftiil ; 
and tiietcfiMv I rtt^ercKoTe t6 attack ttis vmircumdfid 
PbiUftine {WmkftistTtA} njiffi»d^ihig aki a Siom. And 
'] may fay iat 0M*t Hon^, a^^li- m vky oiw»i that 
lie refembledi Gb//Af^ m'miHiy^CiitewUEteiicos^ ray 
applicable to the prefent Porpbfe : t^cJr G^MaJb- had a 
-** Helmet of Bra/s upon his Head , and he was aimed 
'** with a Coat of Mail, and thel^eight of the Coat was 
** Are thonfand Shekels of Brmfs^'$aA he had GfoaTcs- 
«' iSEBrifi tqpon his Legs» and a Target tShrtfi be- 
'* tween his Shoirld^rs.^ In ftort^ he was like Mr. 
WM, i& wtst B*^fs \ atid'^h^'defiMitiib^Altaiest^f 
•' the living God.** QJU€»% G^&tions of < Coiiibat 
w^re Iftewifethe^ktne Mrith tii^ft of W^t^d: <«:2f he 
'<' prevail againft us, theii flwU webehis Sa-vants/^ 
Bat ^ it happens ^at I frroeil oVer him, I reiadance 
the other Part of theCondidoii, - he iball never be a 
Simnmi t)i mitte ; for i do W think him fit to be 
tmfted in any *i&Miyf Manx's Skopi^ 

I wSL eonckide wi^ my humble Defire aad Re- 
qneft, whidi I made in my fetond Letter ; that your 
iardjbips and ITtfryfl^/ would pledb b'order a 2>Mib- 
rtiHmi to be drawn np, exfneffing inr the. Ara^cft 
Terms yoor Refolations never to leceive or utMr aoy 
of /FmTs Half-pence, orFardiingss and IbiMldisg 
your Teaants to receive them. That die fiud'Dirik- 
roHw may be figaed by ae many Perfens as pofi^ 
'^ho have Eftates iaf this Kingdom r aad be fim down 
td your feverid Toiantt aforefaid* - ^ - 

And if the Drtad'Of ffToMTs HaM^P^xalhociklcoo* 
tinne until next i^Mr«rr*,^l^&)»» (inittch I ho|ic.ic will 
n<)t} thie Gendemen^of eveiy County will then have a 
^ur Opportunity of declaring agaidl them, virithU- 
aaamuty and Zeal. 

I am, with the greateft Refeeft, . ■ > • . 
(May it pleafe your Ixu^Maps^and WodUps) 
Ybur moi dutiiid and ^ 

Mg^.z^ii, ^ ' obe^iieiit -Strvaat, ■ * 

1724. if.' A 

( « 

X «etr ) 

<» > "k . ' , • - f « i • • " » . 

S^l 'J' •.''■ ■♦ • 

L E\T T.E R. IV. 

To the whok Peopk pf IRELAl^D. 

» • . < -> » ■ 

AT. B, .This^w^s thf Lcttc4 igaiAft V^rhifch Ac tord. 
Lieutenant ft^/^j/) and Cpunfcil, iflUe<! jj Pro* 

damatioV offcfin^Tljr^ ^^^^^^^P^^^*^*i^ ^^' 
cover, the Author j aiid for' which Har£n^ the 

Printer was tried before one' Jfllliam Wbitfied, then 

Chief Juitice : But the noble Tory would not find 

the Bill; nor would an^ Perton ^cover the Aii<' 

thor. ' • * : • ' • . - . w 

* * * • 


HAVING alieadfWi^tteA'tbrte £«^/irx» upon 
fe difagreeahk ft Sobjea as Mr< WM and 
his^i;i^^Ai^- Iconceivwd my TaicwasataftSad:' 
^t I iM that Cordiils maft be frequently applied to 
weak Con(itatioiir,"M^A/ a& weli as Nakira/.^ A 
People long ofed to Hardfhipi loft, • by degrees/ the ' 
^^7 Nodona of- £f A^9 } d»ey look qiofi thcmfel^s 
^ Creatures at Mefcy ; andthat -aU Iidpa£tioas.)aid' 
^ the«i by a ftronger Hand, are^ in theiPUiare;of the 
^^f^, iigtii and dbHgatmj. Hence proceed tiiat P^ 
?^^ ^'Low9tifi of Sfirity to whicAi a Kingdom may 
^$abje£^ aswellasa/ArfrMAtf*?^^. ^d when 
^M came fainting ftom tlie Fadd, at die Point todie, 
>( u no Wonder that he fold^ iuslAwf ^#y^/ >• « A%tf 

^ thoi^ht I hadfdfficiiBtfdyfhdam to* all who could 
^^^ imkraaion, by what Methdastthey ini^ iafdy 
proceed, whenever diii C^n. ihould be ofiered to 
^^^^^ * And^ I brieve, • therc' hath not been, for 

■* 4V. 

I08 7%< DrAi4s!K*^ ll£TT£R». 


many Agey, tn Example of any j^gdom ib finaly 
united in a Point of great Importance, as this of oors 
is atprefenty againfl Siat deteftable Fraud. Bat, how- 
ever, it fil ^ppen^i; th^^foop: w^ik I^ople tiegin to 
be alamfed sf-new/ i>y {nundors isduftrioufiy fpread. 
/f^oo^prefcribeth to the News-xnongters in honit/ny what 
thejf are to \)^te^ I^^a^.of tiieir ?fi|jm pohilfheih 
here by fome obicure rrint^, ' (and certainly with a 

«>3wre e^fi mto 45A#^^fip&J^ft^^ his^g6lti r 
akKoi^ a l^ nofbrio^fly kiiown^; Aaf'^difey 'fiisrer 
qnfcie^redtoiKf'^t^^ih^m the^two 

KrQ^[(is (dF ParUa^en,^\the.'rrn^y-d^ thi ^n^t 

Number? ^f CorpoiV^ons^ theZ^rojMslyor^j^ 
men di'DMlr^ the Graad-Juries, and Principal Gen* 
tlemen of feveralUounties, are lligmatifed in a XitiiDp, 
under the Name of Fafifit. ^ ' 

Th I s Impoftor and his Crew, do likewife give out, 
that, by refufing to receive his Pw^lpf-^ie^ftg^Vl^e 
** difpute the King*s Prerogative ; are grown lipe iat 
'< iUbejliMV ^ 0«4iriyi#!l6»^i^^««fli; t)^^9fprndaic]f 

<' of iMw/ v^n A^iCnmn of E^lmd^]' \ 1^0,004^ 
naMMlwbi»h3B4QpM!& Jh) iMiih py^MAeci^ar^^paph: 
in.^ROtlier Nei«wrp*]pec». if>Ml u»>Mow>"th^t^d^ 
' Vl^ot^U^iiciileiMIci^ ocd«i«4 '^ coipe. <^iffli itnanedi- 
•! dtelytt0.fettla:W8,«W(rfWlieftn m .V .. v r k - * 
, I iMtmi ystin :loyl4^ <^9{M9tqyiffMB*t iH)*};io he- 
liiidtPtbek^iC^iKCfniitlWfi t}Me- M4Fthe^l^ B»> 
m(HinL;;^MUtk^^fei{]^,fU0^'^h4a th^ latiH0vv^.«Ffi^ 
Ddg difelbHLali^e^- astllbopf ke^hdth fuftca^ndy bMP« 
Thefe.GAhiaiiiies^are ikeonly lUfe^e tha^ is lij^.hiBu 
Eof.&rbfyvv ouriNiHiiMied jmd ( alsioA/) un«|caa^Ae4 
l^x^'^i^iiv^.neieephe ic^ Qg^sfticiPy.: lor not 

by one obfcure Ironmmger, , ^^ ^ * 

Les^d to explaiiistii&bftM/to ^ire Jgnomtt^ ¥t^at the 
]iikaningofttiiit!Wi6rdiF>Vr#^iVi«o«is. ' 

Th£ King8.;of..^fe& Realms j^joy feveral Powers, 
wheoein the Laws, have not interpofed : So> they can 



make War aad Peace widumt die Confent of Parlia* 
menC; and this is a very great Preregatii/e, Bu( if 
the ParHaineiit4otK not af^ove of the War, the King 
moft bear the Cham of it oat of his own Purfe ; 
and diis is a great Check on the Crown. So, the 
King hadl a Pr§rogutvvi to ooai Money, without Con* 
fent of Pariiansent : But he cannot compel the Subjedb 
to take that Mon^, extept it be Sterling, Gold or 
Silver ; iiecaafe, hetm he is limited by Law. Some 
Princes have, indeed, < extended their Pr^rogathfe for- 
tiier thtt the I^aW allowed them : Wherein, how- 
ever, tbe Law)«flr9 of fiicceeding Ages, as fond as they 
ire of PrecMiffUis l^^ve nc««r dar^ to judify them« 
Bat, to.iay the Truth, it is only of late Times that 
Pripogathfe hath been fixed and ofoertained. For, 
whoever leads the HiAories of En^aitd^ will find that 
(bme former 'KitigB, and diofe none of the word, 
^ave, upon feveral Occafions, ventived to controul die 
Laws with ^try &tle Ceremony or Scruple, even 
later thin the Days of (^leen EHxaheik In her 
^eign th%t persiidoos Conh^ of fending haje Money 
hither, vevy ^awiowly fa^ed of lofing the Kingdom ; 
being oompkdfiedof by the Lord Deputy^ the Coun- 
ci^i and the wiiok Body of the Englifj here : So that, 
foon after her-QMh, It was- recalled by her SuccefTor, 
and lawful Money paid in Exchange. 

Havibo ihua givto you fome Notion of what is 

meant by the King^s Prerogati<ve^ as far as a Trade f- 

^"^ can be- thought capable of expluhing it, I will 

only add the Opinion of the great Lord Bacon % that, 

'* as God governs the World by thefetded Laws of Na- 

** ture, which he hstth made, and never tranfcends thofe 

*' Laws but upon high important Occafions : So, a- 

'^ mottgeaithly Princfs, thole arethe wifeft and the 

'* bcft, who govern by the known Laws of the Coun^ 

'* ^, aiid feldpnieft make ufe of their Prerogative^ 

Now, here yon may fee that the vile Accufation of 

^W and his Accomplices, charging us with dif^u^ 

^^g the King^s Prirogative^ by rerafing his Brafs, can 

»ave no Place ; becade compelling the Subjea to 

Vol. iv. L take 

no The DuAFisR's'LEm&s. 

take any Coin, which is not StsrUng, is:m>Taxt«c>f 
the King*& PrerogaH<ve ; and I am veiy confident, i£ 
it were u>, we (hould be the laftx>f;his People todif- 
pute it ; ;as well from thatinttiolabl&Loyalty we have 
always 4>aid to his Majefty, a8.fjtom.the Treatment 
we might in fach a Cafe juftly expedk from fome, 
who feem to think, we have-«either cokunn Senfe 
nor common Senjkt. :fiat, God i»e thanked* the beft 
of them are only owjt^ow- Snfyt^Sp and not oor Ma-- 
fitrs. One great Merit I aun.fulie we have, which 
thofe of Engiijb Birth can have no Pretence to ; tliat 
Qur Ancefiors reduced-, this kingdom to the Obedience 
9f England ;.for which^we have been rewarded with 
a worfe Climate, .the Privilege of being governed 
by Laws to which we do not confent : a mined Trader 
a Hottfe of P^^i* without JunjdiSHm ; akspil an In- 
capacity for .all .Employments^ . and \thct.Dfead ^ 
Wood\ Half-pence. ;. 

But. we are &) far from difpntitg the King's ^r<«- 
rog'tf^^ in^coining, that we own be 'hath^Power-to 
^ive a Patent to any Man, for fetting his R^al Image 
and Stiperfcription u^n whatever Materials dbc plea- 
feth ; and Liberty to the Patentee to-offisr them in 
any Country &om England .to j€ipant only attended 
with one fmall Limitation, that n^.bo^.akve isMged 
to take them. 

Upon thefe Confiderations, I was ever againft all 
Recoorfe to England for a Remtpdy againft the prefent 
impending Evil ; efpecially when J obferv^d, that the 
Addrefles of both Houfes, after long Expe&ance, pro-r 
duced nothing but a Report altogether in Favour of 
Wood^ ; upon which, I made fome Obfervations in a 
former Letter; and might at leall have m4de as ma- 
ny more : For, it is a Paper of a$ iingolar. a Nature 
as 1 ever beheld. 

But I miftake; for before this Report was |nade» 
his Majeily's moft gracious Anfiuer to the Hoofe of 
Lords was fent over, and printed ; wherein there are 
thef6 Words,, granting the Patent for coining Half- 
pence and Farthings^ agrseablsto thei»ractice 

y OF 

^ LEn^TER IV. Ill 


Charles IL aad King ykuB// II. (and they omly) 
did grant Patents for this Purpofe, is indifputable, and 
I have ihcwn it at toger Their Patents were paffed 
under the great Sea-l m Ireland^, by References to In* 
land, the Copper to be coined in 'Ireland ; the Paten- 
tee was boand, on Demand, to receive his Coin back 
in h-eland, and pay Silver and Gold in Return. JVood's 
Patent was made ander the great Sealof £«^/iiff^, the 
Brafs coined in England^ not the leaft Reference made 
to Ireland i the Sam immenfe, and the Patentee under 
no Obligation to receive it again^ and give good Mo- 
ney for it: This I only mention, becatuby-inmy pri- 
vate Thoughts, I have fometimea made.aQuery, whe- 
ther the Pf««r of thofe Words in his Majefty's moji 
^^iousAfaver, agreeable to the practice of 
HIS RaYA4, PREDECESSORS, hadmatttiely confidcr- 
«dtbefcverai Circumflances ; which, in my poor O- 
pinion, feem to make a Difference. - 
• Let mte now fay fomething concerning the other 
great Caofe t£ fome People's Fear ; as Wood hath 
ta^t the Lomfo^ News-writer lx> eaq^irefs it : That Jnr 
^xtelknc^the Lord Lituienant is.eondng. over to fettle 
Wood*s Batf^Gtce. 

Wt know very weH that therLord» Lieutenants, . 
ibr fevexal Yean paft, have notithought this Kingdom 
"fMirfbytJ^ Honour of their l^Jidenee, longer than was 
^oltttcly necelTary for thQ King's Bufmefs ; which 
confcqacntly.w«r/«{/w© Speed in the Di/pateh, And 
^feriS, . it naturaily icU intO: moft Men? Thoughts, 
*aata new Oovemos^ coming at an unufuai Time, 
stsft portend, fame unufual Bunnefs- to be done ; eipe- 
J?aBy* if theicommon Report be true; that the Par- 
hamentprqiogned to I know not when, is, by a new 
^mmons, (revocking that Prorogation) to aflemble 
"Jon* afto" hia Arrival : For which extraordinary Pro- 
£eediQgyj^Q Lawyers on the other Side of the Water, 
^^ft< .by gr^^ g<H>^ Fortune* found two Precedents. 

All this being granted, it can never enter into my 
wtf , that fo little a Creature as Wood could find 

L z Csedit - 

112 Ti/DRAPiEaV Letters. 

Credit enough with the King and his Minito, fo 
have the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland fent hidier ia a 
Hurry» upon his Errand. 

For, let us take the whole Matter nakedly, as it 
Jieth before us, without the Re&iementB of ione Peo- 
ple, with which we have nothings to do. Here is a 
Patent granted under die great S^al of England^ opon 
faJfe Sogflelbons, to one WiiluM Weod^ for coining 
Copper Halfpence fiir /r^Aan/: ThePadtamentliere, 
upon Appreheniions of the worft Confequencesfrom 
the faid Patent, addrefs the King to have it recalled: 
This is refiifed, and a Committee of die Privy Coan- 
cil report to his Majefty, diat IVaei hadi perfonneii 
the Conditions: of his Patent. He then is left to do 
the befl he can with his Hilf*pence $ bo Man being 
)>bl]ged to receive diem ; the Peo|^e here, being like- 
wife left 10 tfaemfehres, unite as one Man;* reaving 
they will have nothin? to do widi his Waise. By 
this plain Account of the Fad, k is-nniniisa^ tnac 
the Kine and his Minifbry are wholly, out of the Cafe; 
and the Matter is IdPt tol^a^Afpvted betwiscBltimand 
us. .Will any Man diemfbre atteriipt'to i^erAade ws\ 
that a Lord Lieutenant is to bedij^^tch^edovir ia p^ 
Hafte, before the ordinary Time/ an* iiyfiament 
fummoned by anddpkiagi Prorogatioxi; ^"^^ 
put an Hundred thoufand Pduh(£! into the Pocket or 
a Sharper^ by the Ruin of a moft loyal Kingdom ? 

But, fuppoiing alt this to be true : fif wliat^rgo- 
ments could a Ix»rd Lieutenant prevail omthe to| 
Parliament, whidi addrefTedwi^hfo nmthJScalaoa 

Eamefttfefs againft this: Ehrif ; to ^afs iiSnta a Uw ^ 
I aiti ifuns their Opinion of ^w/afid his Plt)}^ ^ 
not mendtfd iinti^ theiir laft Prorogation::' And fnpP 
fnig thofe MetMs fliould be ufed, whkh, Sitraam 
tell us, have been fometimes put in Praftice fbri***' 
ing Fetes ; it is well known, that in thfe Eio^^ 
there were few Employments to be given t andifd»e^* 
were more j it is as- *weU kkenvn to wh^ftT'^kM ^ 
mufl fallT . f ' 


But, becanie ^bM Nombers of yf»a are altG«;ether 
ignorant in the Affairs of your Country, I wiU tell 
yoa fome Rcafoiu^wl^v tliereare fo few Eraploy- 
ments^fio be difpofed of «in this Kingdom. All conii* 
derable Offices for Life here» are poileiTed'by thofe, 
tawbom theReveiiions were granted ; and theie have 
been generally Followers of the chief Governors, or 
Perfons who had Intereft in the Court of England. 
So the Lord Btrkely of Straiton holdeth that great Of- 
fice of Mafttr of $bi Rails % the Lor^ Palmrftonvn is 
firft Remembrancer^ . worth near zooQL.fer Jtm, 
One Dodi^gWit Secretary to the Earl of^ Pembroke ^ 
begged the RcveHion of Clerk of the Pells, worth 
2500 1. a-year, which he now enjoyeth by the Death 
of the Locd Nifwton, Mr. Southwell is Secretary 
of State^ and the Earl of Burlington Lord High Trea^ 
furer of Ireland by Inheritance. Thefe are only a 
few amoing many others, which I have been told of, 
but canoot reaionvber. Nay, the Reverfions of feveral 
Employments during Pleaibre are granted the fame 
Way. This, ampng many others, is a Circumftance 
v^hereby the Kingdom oi Jrelpid is didinguiihed from 
^1 other Nacions upon Earth ; and maketh it fo difH- 
calt an Affair to get into a civil Employ, that Mr. 
Addifin was forced to purchafe an old obfcure Place, 
called Keeper of the Records in Bermingham'i fowery of 
Tea Pounds a-year, and to get a Salary of 400 1. an- 
nexed to it, though all th^ Records there are not worth 
half a.Crown, either for. Curiofityor Ufe. And we 
latdy faw 9. * Favourite Secretary^ defcend to be Ma^ 
fi^ of the, Revels i which, by his Credit and ExtQrtio?i 
.he hath made pretty conjidarable, I fay nothing, ^f 
^e Under-treafurer-fhip worth about 9000 1. a-year ; 
nor the CommiiBoners of the Revenue, Four of 
whom generally live in England: For, I think none 
of theie are gcanled in Reveriion. But the Jeft is, 
that I have known upon Occafion, ./ome of thefe ab- 
sent Officers as keen againil the Interefl of Ireland^ 

L3 * ^ 

* Mr^ Hopkins, Secretary to the Duke of Grafton. 

ii4 The Drapibr's Lettsrs. 

as if they had never been indebted t» her for zfitg^ 

1 confels I have been fomedaies tempted to wifi 
that this Prejedt €lf W$oi might faecetd ; btcaofe I 
refledtfd with fome Pleafore, Whac a j«/^ Cmw k 
would bring over among us of Lords aiid ^S^mm, and 
Penfimers of both Sexes^ and Officers Qvil and MiSi- 
//ir^; wliere we (hould live together as merry and 
fociable as Beggars ; only with this one Abatementy 
that weihould neither have Meitt to feed^ norJUtfR^ 
faiiurei to clothe us f uniefs we could be content to 
prana about in CeaisrfMaili or eat Brals as Oftridi*- 
es do Iron. 

I return from this Digneifion, to that whi(^ gave 
me the Occafion of making it : And, I believe yoa 
are. now convinced^ that if the Parliament of Irdaai 
were as temptable as any other A^mbly, nuMtiis i 
Mile e/^Chriftendom (which God forbid) yet the ii&- 
nagers muft of Neceflity fail for Want of Took to work 
with. Bur I will yet go one Step fttrther, by foppo- 
iing that a Hundred nev^ Employments were eroded 
on Eurpofe to gratify Cefnpliers: Yet ftiU an infoper- 
able Difficulty would remain. -For it happens, I 
know not how, that Money is neither ff^hig nOi" f^r;* 
neither of Town nor Country Party ^ and it is not im- 
probable, that a Gentleman would rather chuie to 
live upon his own Eftate^ which brkigetk him GsMbs^ 
Stiver, than with the Addition of an* EmphymnA* 
when his Rents and Salary muft b6th be paid mff^* 
Braky at above Eighty fer cent, Difcounr. ' 

'For thefe, and many other R^afons, I an^conidcflt 
^u need not be under the leaift Apprehenfions, fro"* 
the fudden Expectation of the Lord Lieutenant, whik 
we continue in our preient hearty Diijp^fition; to alter 
which, theri^is no fuitable Temptation can poffi^'f 
be offered : And if, as I have often averted Atfrn tbe 
heft Authority, the Ldw hath ilot left a Power In tlic 
Crown to force any Money, except Sterling, upoatbe 


LETTER JV. ^tig 

Suhjt&$ modi hib can tke down Avfk/i ht^ 

This 1 4petk witb th^^iitaipft {^oQ'ea tadieP«h» 

whofe Charader was lafN^ipVien joe,. ^ «. Gentkr 
man that hackknowo biol mm hw firffrAppcaraiiG« 
in die Wbiid: That Gentletnian defcribctk liiai as a 
young Man of- gi^eat AeeempKfhaieiits^ 'exteilcnt 
Learning, regular in his Life, and -of much Spirit 
and Vivacity. He hath, fince» as I ^vcr heard, bem 
employed ahiMd 7 wa« printipa) Secretary ef State : 
and is nom zhoeA the-37^* Year «f-his.Age ippa^rsoA 
Lord Lieatenant of ' inland. From fach a Governor 
this KifDgdoni nayreaTonAbly hope for as much Pro* 
fperity^ as umbrfi nOMy Dijcouragtminti it can ^be ca- 
pable of receiviiyg. 

It is true indeed/ that within the Memory 4if Man» 
there have been Governors of fo much D^cttrity, as 
to camy P^ts ef* ten^ibk Cdafe^uence t» this Kfng-» 
dom» by thdr Pewei< with ^beje nvio ate inOfiiui 
and by their Arts in managing or deluding others with ' 
Oaths i JjfahiUiyi ttridevQtk yvi^ Dimers. If^oiufs 
Brafa had,'inthi>r<^ Times, been upon the Ahvi/^ it is 
obvious enough to conceive what Methods would have 
been taken. Depending Perfons would have been told 
in f^ain Terms, that it was a Ser^ke exfi£tid from 
tbemy' under fbe Pain of thrfMick Bufine/s being put in- 
to more comfffying Hands, . Others would be allured hf 
Promfes. To die Country Gent/omen, beiides tgood 
tVordsy Burgundy and tlo}eting\ it Inight, perhaps* 
have been hinted, how^ kindly it ^would be taken to com<^ 
ply nuith a Royal Patent^ although it twere not compulfory. 
That, if any Incohveniendes enihed, it might be 
made up with other Gracet or Fofvours hereafter : That, 
Genflemen oughi to conjuter, ^whether it «W€ne p^udint Or 
Jaft to Sfguft England : They woiiTld be defu-ed «» 
imnk-of feme good BiUs fir encouraging of Trade f and 
fitimg the Poor to Work : Somefia^er A&s againf Pt^ 
pety, and for uniting Proteftdnts. There would be f6* 


a'i6 The DrapjerU Letteb.8^ 

ham Eaga^meotii .that jwe ikonbi iw^mt ^f imiiai 

mnib mbtwi Forty tbouf^nd Pounds ,-im JbU Gm^< Md^H 
0/'iif§ btjt nMd<umghihfli Bwt % fvr ^bUk ^wejMdiml) 
^itw.rar MamtfitArgs in Bxekaag$t und ii^eurGsld 
€md Sikfor at bmm. Perhaps, a fiafiitaUe Rtftrt «/ 
foim bwafion mfoM bavi pteM fpruid in iU mfi pnptr 
JwiStmrty which is a great Smoother of Rubs ia 
piblitk Proceedings :. And weihoolcl haye been told, 
that tbix nuas no fime to create Dlffereaah f*^ *^ 
Kingd^ vuu in iJOtat^erf . 

TiiE(c» I: (ay, a»d the like, Methods,. wottl<i» is 
conntpt Times, have been taken to kt in this Deloge 
.of Brafs among ufi: And, I aqi cqpEifidept, ivould eT«a 
then have notfacceeded; mischiefs under the Admir 
•BiftratioD of faexcellent a Peribn as the Lord Carteret i 
and in a Country, where the People of allRftoiss, Par- 
ties and Denominations, are convinced to a Man, 
.that the utter undoing of themfelves^and their Pofb- 
lity for ever, will be dated from the Admi&on of that 
execrable. Coin : That if itjonce enters,uit can be no 
* more confined to a fmall ormoderate .Quantity, tbao 
the PJague can be confined to a few famiUesiand that 
.no Equinutlent can be given by any, ^arthlj*^ Power, 
any more than a dead Carcafs can be recovered to 
Life by a Cordial. 

Th£re is one comfortable Circumilance i& ^^ 

.wiiverral Oppofition to Mr. ffood,, that the People 

•^nt over hither from Engfand,^ to fill up our ¥(»«»' 

Met, E'ccUfittfiicali Ci^l and Military^ are all oa oar 

.Side: ilfwiej, lhegr&t.D/wV^ of the World, bath, 

. by a iftrange ilevplutign, been* the great IJmter of a 

. moft Mfvi£d People, Who would leave a HuQ^ 

Pounds. a- year in England, (a Country of Fnedmj 

, to be paid a Thoa&nd in Ireland out of /fWs Ex' 

chequer ? The f . Gentfitpan they have lately made Fn- 

f.maie„ would nevjer^/quit has Seat in an EngiiJ? Hoofe 

of Lords, and his Preferxnent^ jst Oxford and. J^j^^* 

worth Twelve huodi^ed Pounds a-ye^r, for four ^^ 

. the Dexiwx^ii^fitJfyti here, . but not half tlie Value* 


Dr, Hugh Bou Lisa. 

LETTER IV. : . 117 

Tberefore» I exped to hear he will be as good an 
IriJbmaHj at leafi, upon /i^i we Article^ as aay of KU 
Brf tfaxeo 1 or even of l/jr, who have had the Msfor- 
twu to be bom in^this iiland. For thoie who, ' in the 
common Ffarafey do not ceme hitifer to Uam, the Law 
guagei woald never change a better Coimtry lor a 
woH€» to receive Brttfi snftead of GM, 

ANOTRBa Slander fpread by Wwk/ and: his Emiflar 
ries is, that, by oppofing him, we difcover an Indi* 
nadon to flrakt $ff. ntr DepenAna up&n tbi Cro^itm tf 
£ngland. Pray obfare^ how important a Peripn is 
this fame WmM Wondi and how the poblick We4 
of two Kir^oms, is involved in Us private Jntereft. 
Firil, all thofe who refufe to take his Coin 4f< Papifis^ 
for he tellethns, that mnt kut Papiftt are. affociped 
figenmft kim^ Secondly^ f^iey dij^utt ih 4^*4^*9 Prer^ 
gati'oe. Thirdly » they.orr ripe f» RebilU^n^- And 
Fourthly, they, are going tofifske off their Dependent 
vpon the Crown of England ; that is to (ay, th^ are gom 
ing to cBkfe another iSng: Fat th^e can jsgieiio oth^ 
Meaning hti^u^ Ei^>re£ion, however fome msiy pio- 
tend to ncadn.- it< • .> ' ^ ' • , 

An n this ^veth^:of.«xplaxi)i?& 
to th<He ^a an^ignoritnit^ another Fdim which ^aih 
^imJkvAdinmfSmi/^. ^ Thofe wlM^ cotnr pvfr 
hither to tfs from^ Eiiglandy^ and fome w««^ People 
amonf oorfelves, whenetei^ <m Dtfemrfer we waikf^ 
mention of Lthertj and Property^ Ihake thek H^^s^ 
and: Cidl .Uiy'ttiial 'I*i0laidiMf^:dkppuih^^!ftigd^,i -9.s if 
tfa^ ikxildrftemV ^Jj^lQiis I%nile,.tOrJntml; libit ^k^ 
People oilrth^d is dfa^^fome Sta^e- of Slmrory ^. P«r 
pendence; dk^risiAt fma ,i^ok of EngJdnd: Whar^^ 
a defett^ng' kikgdot^ is a modem Term of Art \ lu^ 
known, !» rinm li^d^ to ail antient G^IiUmSp and 
Wirifers upon Gonmnmnt % and hretand is. On the c^m- 
trary,' * caHed* in 'fome Sta'^ites an hnptriai Crowott .as 
hekl <^lyfron»God;>'WkH^hiisi».ld|h aSiyle^iasimy 
Ktfigfem- fe capabk<b£»e«tiv«ng« 1 Tkeirefore -by lii^ 
Expri^m, 'ft WShwin^^^'JI^ 4herei»^BO<.Oi0t¥ un- 

derftood, tharftbat> t^^a ftaQitem4^kQ»f in^thii i^ 


tit TJ^DllAMElt'sLtTTIRS. 

Year of Henry VIII. the King ^amd bis Smctejfm^ are 
to he Kings Imperial of this Realms Us united and hiit 
to the Imperieti Crown of EnglaiuL I have looked 
dver'all the Engky!^ and Iri/^ Statutes, without fiodicg 
any Law that maketh IreUtnd depend 'upon England \ 
kny mofe than England doth upon htland. We have 
indeed obliged ov^fehres to have the fame King wtk 
them i imd confeqoently they were obliged ta have the 
fame King y^th «/. For the Law wai made by ^ii'' 
nnxm Paraament ; and our Aoceftofs then w^reoot fuch 
Foo/s (^whatever they *were in thefreceeding Reign) to 
luring themfelves tinder I kaow not^what DepinJmtj 
which is ndw tblktdof, wkhoao-anyGfoand ofloKy 
-Reafin, ist cotkmonSenfe, ' • r. ^ .-. 
^ Lett ' whoetcr "•think btherwiie; I* M.'.B,. Drapitr^ 
-AtSftt to be except^. For I declare^ ndxt trader God^ 
T depend onVf on the King mySofVereign, and on the 
liaws of my own Coantry. And, I. am fo.far from 
^depending upk>n the People of England, that, if they 
Ihould ever reM agatnft my^S«v«reign» (which Goo 
*ferbid) I tMonldibe^ ready atthefirft (Donuband froffl 
his Majefty, to take Arms again then.';.* as feme of 
«rr C6anti^iilen did agaidft 4h^sttt Fr^onr And, 
if fech a' MbeUionf &Kald prove, fofuccefefol as ti 
the the Pretender OH the Throne of Sng^itndi I wooi^ 
venture to cranlgreri that Stettute fo far. as to lofe every 
-Dtep of my BKod^ ao JusKkx him ,ffom hcii% ^ 
of Iniand: \ ^ * ' ' 

^ It k truer indeed^ that within th^ htemaiy ofi Man 
%He?Pai-liament8i of, Ji^ib^j^.ihave fitnfHmstSmti 
-rtie Power- x»f binding this £ Laws tAtM 
4Sk9t%\ whareil^ they Werb, atrfiril».j«i^0n]yt}ppoi^ 
ias fax as Truth, Redfon^ andi^l^.^e^^itpabie ^ 
^ppojhg) by the^ famous MxlhMwtfibci m .En^ 
Gentleman born here ; as wdi As^^y ieveral of ^ 
•ffreateft Patriots^ and he^ fmgt inPEykmd^ W^ 
lM;e andTof*r»ntiof?<mer'pK^^ti>Jinti^^ 
•giinMiits on i}oil.' fides were inyiiitf^ Jtof^'^^^ 
^y all i^tmmmunt wtthditt the^QmAQt ef .diej^n^' 

idihib^<vmi>iS^mj^en:»/&as^ .*jJ[ilbio:f^ ^ 

. LETTER IV. 119 

Men <wellkrmidj nuill certainfy fubdue tme Jingle Man in 
his Shirt. But X haVe done : For thofe who hava 
vSkd Pwjuer to cramp Uiterty^ .have gone fo far as to 
refeot even the Liberty ef eomflainingi although a 
Adan upon the Rack,, wasneirer known to be refofcd 
the Liberty of roaring as loud as he thought fit. 

And, as we are apt to fnik too much under unna* 
finable Feass, fo we* are tooi foon. tncKned to be 
r^^i/'l^ ^oundlels Hopes, (accovdingto theNanie 
of all confitmptive £o6ks like ours). Thus, it ha^ 
been given out for feveral Days pailj iAmtfimebo^ in 
EngUmd impowered a - fecopdy^^i^ to write tio a 
third y^ffiir^^ here, to aiTure tts, that we /bould noi 
more, he troubled" ^tb tbo/e Half -fence. And this is 
reported to iiave been done by the * fame Per/on, 
who was.faid to. have fwom. fome Months ago, thai 
he would ram them donjun ^ur Tbroats^ (althoi^ I 
doubt they would fliek in wr Stomachs)^ . But wntck 
ever of thefe Reports is true or falfe, it is no Concern 
of ours. For, in this Painty we have nothing; to d^ 
withfi^Z^ Mimfters: And, I ihould be lorry to 
leave it in their Power to redre/s this Grievance, or 
to enforce it: For the R^t of the Cemmittee, hath 
given me a Snrfeit, The Remedy is wholly in your 
own Hands ; and therefore I have dierefled a little, 
in order to re£:efh and continue that Spirit fo feafon« 
ably rsufed amongil you ;. >and to let you fee, that 
by the Laws 6fGoD^ of Nati/RiB, of Nations, 
and of your own Country, you arb and ought 
to be as FREE a People as your Brethren in England, 

If the Pamphlets publiQied at Lendonby Wood and 
his Journeymen^ in Defence of his Caufe, were re- 
printed here, and that our Countrymen could be per- 
fuaded to read them, thejr would convince. you ot his 
wicked Defign, more i than all I ihall be ever able to 
fay. Jn ihort, I make him' a perfect .Saints in Com* 
parifon of wlut he appeareth to be^ from the Wri« 


• Mr, Walpolc. now Sir Robert, ofterwards Earl </ 


IM The DllAPlE&'s L£^TT£RS. 

lings cX dioie Vfhm h« i^rtii to jnfiify kis Pr^. 
But he is fo % iUli^ of thefuld (let others pufi tin 
Rtafon) that »9 {.Mi^'Pnnter dare publiih any Paper 
wrictea ia FaTcmr tAlreUmd: And Jhere no body 
loth j^ been fo-M^ astto {mhliih any thing in F«- 

' There was a few Days ago a Pamphlet fent me 
of near 50 Pages,' wiktenan Favear of Mr^lTWand 
kis Coinage ; printed in Lmd»n :• It u not worth an- 
fweffing» oecaQfepsobsd>ly it w^ jaeverbepobliihcd 
here : 0Ut it gave mean' Occafion; CDfefied upon an 
Uahappinefs We ty ander j that Che People of Etigknd 
are uteerlx ignoratit of oar Cafet Whkh, however, is 
no Wonder; fiace it is a Point d^y 4o- not in the 
leaft oonoem thetafelves aboots Anther thaH) per- 
kaps,. as a Sttbjea oiF Diicoaift lb aCoSee^hode, 
lichen they liave nothing elfe to talk of. For I hare 
Realon^o believe* that no ^&nill;er «ver gaire lua* 
ftif the Trouble of reading any Papers ^vnk»n in oar 
Be^ce^ beoaafe I foppofe their Ofimgm are idntdf 
dotepfnimd^ and aie farmed wholly yxfon the Reports 
of JV—d and his Accomj^ices ; elfe it would be 10* 
po^kv thdiany Man could have the Impodeoce, 
80 write foch a Pan^phlet as I have nfvtioaM. 

Ova NngHours, 4vJb(^e Umk^udUigs <a/^e /ufi f^ 
a Levii niJitb 4utt^ (which peraaps m nCfhtd the 
Mghufi) have a ftrong Conteiiipt to asoft Natiossj 
but dpedally for Inland k They look ^opcm ns ^ ^ 
Sort ofS'iatMgs Jnjki ^hom onrAaceiiiorS' conqoered 
feveral handred Yeiirs ago : Axi|d if I ftioald deicri^ 
the Bpitmi to yoti> as they* -were in Co/kr^sTvo&t 
when they pmnted their Bodies, or ckthod thm/e^^ 
nMfh^ tho^^nufBM^*^ I .flM>ald ad full as reafoo- 
aUy ai^th^ do. tiowever^ they are fo far to be 
excufedyin relation' to the prefeat.Sid>je^ '^^ 
hearing only one Bide tf4be Hm/i^ and having neitl^^^ 
Opportunsty nor Cunoitiy to^Qxamiae the 0/&r) ^^1 
believe alAe^ merely for their £afe; and concludft 
becaafe Mr. /f^Wpretendeth to las^Foweri he h&(^ 

alfo Biofon on his- Side« 



There PC RvB, to let yoa ice how this Cafe is repre- 
iented in England by Wood and his Adherents, I have 
thought it proper fio extraft out of that Pamphlet, a 
few of thofe notorious Fallhoods, in Point of FaB and 
Rea/omftg, contained therein ; the Knowledge where- 
of, will confirm my Countrymen in their onvn right 
Sentusents, when they will fee by comparing both, 
how much their Bnemies are in ibe Wrong, 

Fir ST, The. Writer pofitively aifferts, " That Wool'^ 
** Half-pence w6t« current among us for feveral 
*' Months, with the uhiverfal Approbation of all 
*' People, without one Angle Gainfayer ; and we all 
*' fie a Man thought ourlehres happy in having them/* 
Secondly, He affirms, " That we were drawn 
** into a Diflike q( them, only by fome cunning cvil- 
** dcfigningMen among us, who oppofed this Patent 
" o^ fVoody to get another for thcmfelves." 
TttiRDtv, •* That thofe who moft declared at firft 
a^aii^^ Wood\ Paterit, were the very Men who in- 
tend to get another for their own Advantage.*' 
FoVRfHirY, " That [our Parliament and Privy 
" Cottncil, the Lord May6r and Aldermen of Dublin , 
** the Grand Juries and Merchants, and, in ihort, the 
" whole Kingdom ; nay, the very Dogs (as he ex* 
** fre0hk it) were fond of thofe Half-pence, unt3 
*« they were inflamed by thofe few dciigning Pcrfbns 
" aforefaid." 

FitTHLYj He fiiys direftly, "^ That all thofe who 
"op^fed tiifeHftlfrpcnCe,' were Papifts,. and Ene- 
" miestOiKingG^^^r^^." 

Tftu^s far I am confident, the moft ignorant among 
you can fafdy (wear from your own Knowledge, that 
the Author \s a moft notorious Liar in every Article ; 
the direct contrary being fo manifeft to the whole 
Kin^oiii, thatif Occaiion required, We might get it 
conbrmed under Fi^ve hundred thoufand Hanh, 

SixthiIy; He would peHuade us, " That if we 

*' ic#rFil5e killings worth of our Goods or Manufa- 

•* fhires for Two Shillings and Fourpence worth of 

" Copper, al^ough the Copper were melted down. 

Vol. IV. M " and 

122 The Drapier's Lbtters. 

** and that we could get Five Shillings in G<dd and 
.*< Silver for the faid Goods 1 1 yet to take the faid 
*' Two Shillings and Fourpence in Copper, would be 
** greatly for our Advantage.'* 

An d iaOly, ..He raaketh us ts vevf . fair Ofier, as Wcoii, " That if we will take off Two 
" hundred thoufand Pounds in Ikis Half-pence ibi our 
*' Goods, and likewife pay him itkxee ptr Cent iBtt- 
" reft for thirty Years, for an Hondr^ and twenty 
".ihoufand Founds (at which he cjomputes the Coin- 
*' age above the intriniick Value of the. Copper) for 
*^ the Loan of his Coin, he will aftert^ T^^ ff^^ 
'*' us good Money for .wh^t Half-pence wSl.he thn 

Let .me place this Oiler in as clear a Light as I 
xan, toJhew the unfupportable Villany and Imptt- 
dence of «hat incorrigible Wretch. Firft (faysH 
** I wHl .£end Two hundred thoufand Pounds of my 
" Coin into yourXountry: The Copper I compos 
** to be in real Value Eighty thou&nd. Pounds, and I 
.** charge you wjth an Hundred and twenty. thooiaiKl 
*' Pounds for the Comage.f r fo that you fee> I l^ 
" you an Hundred and-^wenty r thoufand Pounds for 
" thirty Years ; for which you (hall pay me thnsftr 
" Cemt. That is to fay. Three thouftnd ^ hoodrcd 
" Pounds per Jmntm^ which in th^ty Years will a- 
*' mount to an Hundred and eight thoufa^iPow^' 
** And when thcfe thirty Years are expired, retwn ne 
" my Copper, and I will £jlvc you good Mopcy i^ 
"it." • ... ,- I .. .. 

This is thePropofal made to jus bj I^W.^that 
Pamphlet, written by one of his CMnn^gimurf : And 
the Author is fuppofed to be the dune in&mottsG?/<^ 
.one of his Vnder-Sivcarerj^ Commitee o/Coufcth 
who was tried, for robbing ihe ^rea/ttry bm^ where ^ 
was an Under-Clerk. 

. By this Propofal, he will firft receive Two hon^' 
red thoufand Pounds, in Goods or Sterlii^ff, ^ ^ 
much Copper as he values at Eighty thoufspia Pouods; 
but in reality not worth Thirty thouiand Poan4S' 


LETTER IV.. la^ 

Secondly, He will receive for Interefl an Handled 
aad eight thouiand Poands : And when our Children ^ 
C9me, thirty Years hence» to return his Half*pence. 
upon his Executors (for before that. Time he will be' 
probably- gone to bis own PJaceJ^ - thoCe Executors * 
\<fillvery reafonalily reje&chenv as fi»ps and Coun- 
terfeits ; .which they will be, and Millions of them of 
bis own OcMBage'. 

Methinks, I am fond of fuch a Dtaler as' thist 
who mendeth tY&y Day upon our Hands like a Dktch\ 
Reckoning; where, if you difputethe Unreafonable- 
Befs and' Exorbitancy^ of the BiU, the Landlord fhall^ 
bring it up everjff tixbe with new Additfbns. 

Alt^hqu or . thefe . and tha like. Pamphlets^ pa- • 
bliihed by iVood in London^ but altogether unknown. 
^e, whene Bo^-body-.could. read- tb^m, without as 
much hdigaaHonv^ Contempt would allow; yet I'> 
tboQght St proper to- give you a Specimen how this: 
^ employeth hi» Time; inhere he ridetk alone, 
without any Creature . to contradi^ Kim; while our . 
^£w FaiBNDs there wondep at otir.SUence: And 
^ Eug^/h, m general, if they thkik of this Matter: 
^^^9 knputi^ our. Kefttfal xo<JVil/ulne/s or Difuf- 
ft^oH^foik ^Wood^vA\mHireimgs are pleafed to- 
feprefent. •• 

But, although ourArgoments are not fulFered to 
be printed in Enghmd, yet the Confequence will be 
°^ little Moment . Let V^ood endeavour to perfuade . 
tke ^io^thefte^ that we oueht to rfceive hb Coin ; . 
^d let n,^.comwinci our People her$t that they ought: 
^ reje3 it. Under Pain of our utter midoiog : And - 
^n let him da his ^ and his worfi. 

BEPoaaJ condude, I muft beg Leave, in all Hu-- 
ability to tell Mr. fVood, that he is guilty of great , 
^^firetion, by caufine fo honourable a Name as 
^at of Mr; Wa^le to be mentioned fo often» and 
^ ^uch a. Manner upon this Occafion. A (horti 
^^M printed ^X^Briftol^ an4 reprinted here, re^i 
.......Ma . porttx 

124 7%^ Drapx£&*s Letters. 

ports Mr. Wotd to iky, that he 'wttuUrs at ih§ Im^ 
puknci oMd hifoUnce §f the Iiilh, in rtfuJiMg bis Cohy 
atui fwhat hi m^iU do nvhen Mr, Walpole ernes it 
fT^wa. Where, by the Way, he kmiftaken} for 
h 15 the inti Engliih Peof/g of Ireland, who xt- 
fnfe its although we take it ibr granted, that 
the Iriff? will do ib too, whenever they are a&; 
ed. In another printed Paper of his comriving ^ 
is roundly exprefied, that Mr. Walpok wU cram 
Ms Brafs down cur Tiroats, Sometimes it is gives. 
out, that we mnft iiihtr iah tbofi HtJf'iena v 
$at nor Broguei. And, in another News-letter 
but, of Yeftmay, we read» that the fame peat 
Man hmib fijD$m $0 mah usfrualkw . his Cm smTtrt- 

Tbis brinnto my Mind the known Story of a 
Scots Man, vmo receiving Sentence of Death, vih 
all the Circunffauices of bam^ngy hdfeadtngt 'fw^ 
ttting^ isabpwfiisig, and the Tike, cried out » i^^ 
ntfii aU tbis Cookbrt ? Andv J think,, ve hzn 
Reafon to aft the ^simc Queftion; For, if we believe 
Wood, here is a Dinsur getting ready for as, >od ynt 
fee the BiJi of Fart ; and 1 am ibrry the J>nnk was 
forgot, which might ea£ly be fupplied widiffM^f^ 
Lead Aikd faming Pitcb: 

What vile Words are thefe to put into tfaeMosth 
of a great Connfellor, in high Traft with his Uifir 
ily, uid looked upon as a Priaie Minifter i If Mr- 
9Food hath no better a Manner of raprefentifig bii 
Patrons ; when I come to be ^Grtat Maet^ he ibafl^ 
never be fuffered to attend at ny Levee, This is not 
the Style of a great Minkfteri it favours too mach of 
the Kettle and ue Furnace \ and came entirely cot of 
IVood^s Forge, 

As for the Threat\of making us eattttr Bevgets^ 
we need not be in Pain ; lor if his Coin fliould pais* ^ 
ikzt unfolite Covering for tbe Feety would no longer' 
be a National Reproach i becaafi; then we ihould have 
neith^ Shoe nor Brogy$ left in the Kingdom. ^^ 


here the FalAood of Mr. ff^ccJ is fkirly deteded ; for ' 
fam cenfident Mr, WixlpoU never heard of a Brdgue^ 
in his whole Life. 

As to fwalhrwing theft Half'Pence in Fire-Bails^ 
it is a Story equally improbable. For, to execute 
this Operation, the whole Stock of Mr. IVood'^z Coiii' 
and Metal muft b,e melted down, and monlded intb 
hollow Baiis with Wild-fire^ no bigger than a rea" 
/ona^iSp Throat can b^. able to fwaulow. N{>w the 
Metal he hath prepared, and already coined, will 
amount to at leaH £ftyMilliqn$ of Halfpence to^ 
^fwaliowed by \ Million and a half of People;. 
To that, allowing two Half-pence to each.^tfi/, there 
will be about feventeen Balls of WiU-Jire a-piece, to 
be fwallowed by every Perfon in the Kingdom : And 
to adminifler this Dofe, there cannot be conve- 
niently fewer than Fifty thoufand Operators^ allow* 
ing one Opertttor to every thirty y which, confider— 
ing the Squeamifimefs of fome Stomachs, and the 
^tevifimejs of young CbiUren, is but reafonable. 
Now, under Cbrreftion of better Judgments, I thinlt. 
the Trouble and Charge of fuch an Experiment, 
woold exceed the Peofit ; and therefore I take this 
J^eport to he fpurious ; or, at leaft, only a hew Scheme 
^fMr^JFood bimfelf; which, to make it pafs the 
better in Ireland, he would father upon a Minijier 

But I will now demonftrate, beyond all Contra- 
diction, that Mr. Walpole is againft this Project of* 
Mr. Wood\ and is an entire Friend to Ireland \ only 
by this one invincible Argument, That he has the 
^iverfal Opinion of being* a wiirMan, an abIe'^ti• 
iii^er, and, in. all his Proceedings, purfuing the true 
hitereft of the King his Mafter: And,- that as his 
htegrity is above all Corruption, So is his Fortune a- 
bove ilX Temptation, I reckon therefore, we. are 
pwfcftly fafe from that Corner ; and (hall never be 
oadcr the Neccflity of contending with fo formidable* 

M J or. 

126 The Drapier's LbttAiis. 

a Power ; bat be left to poflefe oar Bngues and P<^«- 
tees in Peace ^ * as remate fnm^kemder m mm mre 
from Jupiter. 

/ eoii^ fitf dear GeuHtryweK^ 

Ymr Uwng PtUow^tAjeS^ ' 

felkntt'fitjferer^ emd 

humhte Servant, 

oa. 13. 1714. \^ ^ 


* Pracul d Jove, frecul d fuMmt, 


): i. 

f } i 


; L t 

In about a Month after the Proclamation^ 
was publilhed, . pfFerjng Three hundred * 
Pounds Reward for the difcovering the 
Author pf the : preceeding Letter, the 
foHowing Pager was publiflied. 

The P R E S E NT IVTE NT of thc^ 
Grand Jury of the County of the: 
City of Dubtin. 

VXIHEHRAS fcviftral: great QoftnAieS of bafe 
VV Metalcoinedy commonl-y caUe4 ^WiHalf*^ 
pence, have been brought into the Ports of DuhUf^, 
and lodg^ed in feveral Houfcs of this City, with an 
JQtention to make, them pafs clandeilinely among 
ras Majelly*8 Subjeds erf" this Kingdom 5 notwith- 
"anding the. Addrefles of both Houies of Parliament, 
and the Privy Comicil, and the Dedarations of moft 
of the Corporations of this City againft the faid Coin : 
And whereay his Majefty hath been gracioufly p^eafed 
|o leave his loyal Subjeas of this Kingdom at Li- 
berty to take or refofe the faid Half-pence : 

We the (]iya)idjMry q{ the County of the City of 
^Mn, this Mifhae/mas/Term 1724^ having entirely 
at Heart his M^efty's Intereft, and the Welfare of 
our Country, and being thoroughly fenfible of the 
great Difcouragement which Trade hath fuffered by 
the Apprehenfions of thfr faid Coin ; . whereof we 
nave already felt the difmal EfFeds • and that the 
Currency thereof will inevitably tend to the great Di- 
n^'muQon of his Majefty's Revenue, and the Ruin of 
js and our Pofterity :. Do pre/ent all fuch Perfons aa 
*a»« attempted, or fliall endeavour by Fraud, or o- 
^crwife, to impofe the faid Half-pence upon us, 


raS The PRESENTMENT, ©f. , 

contrary to his Majefty^s moll gradoos Intentions, as 
Enemies to his Majefty's Government, and to the 
Safety, Peace, and Welffue^ of lUl b\i Maje(ly.V Sub- 
jeds of this Kingdom; whofe Affsdioms have been 
fo eminently diftmguxfiied by their Zeal to his illu- 
ilHotts Fasulvy bmre his- happy Acce^n to the 
Thronei 4M by^wcovtiaml Loyal^ erer £noe. 

As we do, with .all. iuil Gratitude, ;^kwH^ledge 
the Services of alt fuch Patriots^ / as^ hat^ been emi- 
nently xe^ious for the Interefl of his Majefty, and this 
Countrv, in dete^ling^ the fraadnlent ImDofitions of 
the faid Wootlt '. and preveqtiQ^ tle'^pd^idg lus bafi 
Coin : So we. do, .at the funq time,, declare. oar Ab- 
horrence and Dete^atiblf ' or all ReHexiohs on his 
Majelly, and his Government ; and tkias we !are 
ready, with our Lives and Fortunes, to defend his 
iHoft Sacred; Ml^^yagainft the':Pi«tbndes-;^ andW 
his Maje^'svop$ki'«d fecnst £n^mies» . both at hbae 
. a^ abroad. . ^ : :. . i 

... . . • . . . s i 

' Given under ottr Hands, at th^ Grand J^ry Cham* 
-bcf, thb 28th of ^«/«jrf/r, 172:4. 

p4orge Forbes^ David Tew^ , ^ 

William' Epjom, "/ . Thomas flbov, 
' ^^'^ Uathamel reaifon, ,7*^ yonesy , V 

. Jofeph Nattatt yanus fiirinicn^ 

WiUiam Afton^ Charles fly a^^^. 

StiarnTighe,, ' yerom'Srfai^l. ^ , 

jRichard Walker^ J 9^ ^can^ , 

Edmund FK£nch\ . . Antfmy f^rM^tM, 

yobn FereilUs^ Thomas Gaven^ . 

PhiUp , Pearfifn^ DameJ EJiuocd, ,. 

yhomds Rolin/ht, , y^^f* Br¥^t, 

EJckard Daw/bn^l: ' " .1 " ,' ,; * ." " 


•• t 

I J ■ 4. '..♦!.*.... ' .. U!' J 

SeafbnaWe ADVICE to the Grand 
Jury concerning the Bill preparing a- 
gainft thePRU4TER of* the preceeding 

SI NC£ a Bill is preparing for the Grand Juty^ to 
find agabft the Printer of the Drafiir's taft Ui^ 
^ there' are feveral Thiogs matorely to be confi- 
<Kred hj ihofe Qendemtii, before thej determine 


FiR$r, Thejr are tocotiiakr j That die Author of 
ue laid PampUet did write thcee other Difcoar&s^ on - 
Ac fame Snbjeft ; which, inftead of bdng cenfured^ 
^^e omrerfaUy approved by the whole Nation; and 
were aUowed to have rai&d, mid cootnraed that Spi-^ 
ntaoiMvs^ which hitherto haah kept out ^««r*i( 
^B. For all Me» wiUgmnt^ that, if thofe Pam->^ 
pUetB kad not iieoi writ, hi& Ooin muft have over«; 
mn the Nation fonc Months ago; 

SBcoiii XY, Jtis to be con£deied. That this Pain* 
J^lei, a^sdttft which a J^/va&uM/weiiath been ifiuedv: 
^wiote bytheyifsi^ .^tebr;:that no body ever doubt*- 
^ <l^e innocence aod Ooodaefs of liis Defign ; that 
^«npcm, liwoiigh the wk>k Tenor of ii, to be a^ 
"^ on^ lo.j^s ftiajefty,.' and devoted to the Htufk- 
V^^i<miir^ anddedareth hsmfelf, id aManher, pe6io^ 
^y aeiabns ^gainft the Brttcnder. And, if fotk a^ 
^^or, ia foox ievml lYeatifes oa fo nice a Snb}e€l^. 
^nere a RoyalPatent is ooncemed, and where it wast. 
?*Ceflary to (peak of Emglmd, and of Lib«y, (honld,: 
*n one or two Places, happen ^o let fall an inadverr 
^^nt Expieffion, itwotdd behard^to condemn him, 
^ter aR the Good he hadi done i efpecially, when. 
)^e coQiicler, that he coold have no poifible Deitgov 
JiJ Vie^v, either of Honour, or Profit j bm pardy thb . 


130 SeafonahU A D V I C £ U 

Thirdly, It oaght to be well confidered, whether- 
any one Expreflion in the faid Pamphlet be really 
liable to a luH Exception ; much lefs to be FouimI 
nvickeJ^ maiifious^ .Jkditiotu, r^fUBimg upon his Mpjt^jt 
and bis Miaiftty^ &c. ... ^ 

Tke twa Points in that Paniphlet, which, it is 
ffud, the Profecators intend chiefly to &ron, are M,. 
where the Author mentions the Penner of the King^s 
Anfwer. Fird, it is well known, his Majefty is not 
Mafler of xhcEmglifi Tongne % -aad.l^ereibrei it 19 
ntce/Tary that foime othei Peribn.ihoald be employed 
to pen wkac he hath ta fay,, or jVEkein tha* Language.. 
Becondljr, hit Majefiy^a.Antwcr ia^oot in the &%Fer* 
fon, but the third. It is not faid. We are co«-r 
CBRiiED, or'QxiR Royal. F|LBiia«ss«9K4 ; .but bit 
Majbsivy iicntented^ and his Roy Air Faibeces-' 
80a. By which it is plain, thefe arfrpropedy sot 
the Words of his Ma|^y ; but fnppofed to. be taka* 
from him, and.tsaBfiniited htther by one. of. his Mi*' 
atilers. Thied^^ it wiH be eafilir feea, tJiatr the A^' 
thcMr of ^ FampU^ didiaierelii/ his Sentiments upo& 
this Faniciilar, widkJth&.uitnMb^CMitioa.and Rd^ied^^ 
as any impartial Reader «nll obferve;.- . 

The feoond Paragraph^jwhiok^ fiad, wiHbe 
takenNotioeof.asaMofbelD'fiadilieBitt, is what' 
the Avthor fays of hrekMd^^ma^KjdipatdtBt Kii^dm*. 
lile e3q>lauietk. .an ^tkcjl^fmu/ewef he Jcsowidtkof;' 
which ss.a Law miAt^VL iNiind^ whodl^ it jscnad- 
cd that wlwvtr irMi^ nf Etf^lwd Jhtdl UpH «/ 
Inias«t Before thts^E>x^i«sat}e» he condetmiedy-anti 
the. Bill iDQnd upon it, itWoaHll bcpn^xc ijuitfoinc 
Lav^ers fhoald^ folty, inform^ the Jury, what 0^' 
Law thefe4isi .eifiho^Subte or Common^ bsi this Dt- 
findemy ;. and if- there .Jhe.ito Law, there is no Tranf*^ 

THEfoordi Thing, rery matuvelyt tq^.^sonfidi^- 
by the Jory -is,^ wKat lafiuencje their £ndi9g d^Bill 
siay have upon the Kingdom : The Pecnple in ge* 
zieral find no/ J^ajilt. ^ in the Drafter's laft Book, 
vjr more than in the three fbrmen; and therefoi^^ 


ihi GRJND yURYy ^cl 131 

wl&en they Jiedr^ttis icondtefied. byt a Grand Juiy 

of Duhliftt they will* conclude it is done in Favour of 

Wood*% Coin ; th^y will think- we of this Town have 

changed oar Mind^ aad intend to take thofe.Hall^ 

pence, .4ndtherel9ie that it will be in vain for them 

to.fiapdoot; S^, that -the Queftion comes toithis; 

•Which will be t^ the woril Confequence ;• to let pafs 

one or twi £xpre(Iion9, at the worft only unwary, in 

^ Book written, for ithe publick Service ; or to leave a 

free open Parage for Wooi'% Brafs to over-run us,, by 

.whidi we ihall be undone /or ever P 

The fifth Thing to be confidered is. That the Mem» 
bers of the Grand Jury being Merchants, and princi- 
pal. Shop- keepers, can have no Juitahk Temptation 
ofiisKd Uiem, as a Recompence for th^ Mifchief they 
will do, and fuifer, by letting J.n this Coin; nor can 
be 3>t any Lofs, or Danger, by rejeding the Bill : 
They do not expert any £nipl<^ments in the State, 
to make up in their own private Advantage, by the 
X>eftra^on of their Country : Whereas/ thofe who 
go abontito ad'vifej entice, or threaten them to £nd 
that. Bill, have great Employaients, which they have 
a mii^d to keep, or get mater ; as it was Hkewiie 
the Cafe of all thofe who figned the Proclamation, to 
have the Author profecuted. And therefore, it is 
known, that his * Grace the Lord Archbifhop of 
Dtihlin, fo renowned for his Piety and WifloA, and 
Ixyvc of his Country, abfolutely refufed to condemn 
the Book, or the Author. 

JLasttly^ it' ought to>be coniidered what Confe- 
qaence^the finding of the Bill, may have upon a poor 
Man, perfectly innocent ; I mean the Printer. A 
Lawyer may pick out Expreflions, and make them li^ 
able to Exception, where no other Man is able to find 
any. But how can it be fuppofed, that an ignorant 
Printer can be fucha Critici? He knew the Author's 
DedgD- was honeft, and approved by the whole King- 
dotmz He advifed with Friends, who told him there 

* Dr, WzLLiAM King. 

132 ^ii^fmhk ADVICE, tfg. 

was naHanB/iii the Book, and he eoukl fee none bist- 
*{c\f. It was feat him in an iinknown«Hand ; but tbe 
fame in which ^he.teeeived>lhe three former. He and 
his Wife have offered ut take their^Oaths, that they 
Jknew not the Aathor ; and thofefore, ^ ibd a Bill 
^diat may bring a Ptinifiimeot upon die Innocent, will 
apf>ear *v€ry iant, to fay no worfe. For,/it wHl beim- 
..poffiMe to find the Author, v«Q]^fs he will pkafete 
^ifcover himfelf ; s^diough I wonder he ever een- 
ctaled his Name. 3nt, 1 feppofe, what he did at£rft 
oat of Modefty, he condnuet^ u> do out of Ptodence. 
<3od protedt Us andHim. 
' I will conclude all with arable afcribed toDt- 
mofthenes : He had-ferved the People of Jithtis with 
great Fidelity, in the Station of an Omitr; when 
ypon a certain Occa^n^ apprehending to be deliver- 
ed over to his Enemies, he told the Athmiou^ \^ 
Countrymen, »the following Story: Once* npon a 
Time the Wohves defired a League with the 5if^» 
•upon this Condition : That the Canfe of Strife might 
be taken away, which was the Shepherds and Af<^j|^' 
This being granted, the Wohes^ without all Fear, 
. made Havock of the Sheep. 

^Notvemher 1 1 . 



TheEveningbefcre the Trial, Copies of the 
preceeding Paper were conveyed to every 
Perfon of the Grand Jury ; who, moved 
by the Rcafbns contained in the faid Pa- 
per, would not find the Bill; whereupon, 
the Chief Juftice IVbitJhed diffolved the 
JuryinaRage: After which, the follow- 
mg Extraa was publUhed, and difperfed 
about the Town, , to Ihow the Illegality 
of die faid Wbitjhed^^ Proceeding. 

AnExtraa of a Book, entituled, Att 
exaEl ColkSlion of the Debates of the 
Himfe of Commons^ held at Weftmin- 
fter, Oa. 21. 1680. Pag. 150. 

RESOLUTIONS of the Houfe of Commons 
in England^ Nov» 13th, 1680. 

SEVERAL Pcrfons being examined about the 
difmiffing a Grand Jury in MiMefixi the Houfe 
came to the following Refilutions. 

^fohedy That the Difcharging of a Grand Jury, 
oy any Judge, before the End of the Term, Affixes, 
or Seffions, while Matters are under their Confidera- 
^on, and not prefented, is abitrary, illegal, deftru- 
«Jve to pubKck Juftice, a manifeft Violation of his 
^ath, and is a Means to fubvert the fundamental 
^aws of this Kingdom. 

^fihedy That a Committee be appointed to ex- 
^ne the Proceedings of the Judges in Weftminfier- 
niU\ and report the fame, with their Opinion here- 
^»» to this Houfe. 

Vol. IV. N A 



Ta the Right Honourable the 

Lord Vifcount Moles worth. 

Thyempaffed nu about alfo with iVoris of De- 

ceity and fought agatnjl me without a Caufe, 
For mjf Lvue they are my Adver fortes \ l^t I give 

myfelf unto Prayer, 
And they have rewarded me EvH for Goody and 

Hatred for triy Love, Pfal. cix. 3. 4. 5. 
^te\ not to biyudgey being not able to take away 

Iniquity ; hji at any Time thou fear the Perfon 

tf the Mighty y and lay a JiumbKng Block in 

the Way of thy Uprightnefs, 
Offend M againfh the Multitude of a City^ and 

then thou fialt not caji thyfelf down among the 

Bind not one Sin upon another y for in one thoujbali 

M be unpunijbed. Eccluf. vu« 6. 7. 8. 

^^ jam ptuna peto Mneilheus, ne^ue vincere certo: 
Q^^ttam ! Sed iupercDt, (^idbus hoc, Keptune, dedUtiw 

N ^ Dire£Haa^ 

DIredlons to the Printer. 

Mr. Harding^ 

^ \]I/H EN I fcnt you my former Papers, I can- 
" YY not fay I intended you- either Good or Hurt ; 
** and yet you have happened through my Mean^to 
** receive both, I pray God deliver you from any 
** more of the Uiter^ and increase Reformer. Your 
" Trade, particularly in thii Kingdom, is, of all o- 
'^ thers thejnofl unfortunately drcumftaottated ; for, as 
" you deal in the moft wordilefs Kind of Traih ; the 
^ Penny Produdions of oennylefs Scriblers ; fo, yoiz 
^ often venture your Libernr, and fometimes your 
'* lives, for the Purchaie of half a Crown ; and, by 
" your own Ignora&ce, are punifhed for other Mens 
'* Adions. 

** I am afraid, yon, in particular, think you haver 
" Reafon to complsun of me, for your own, and youc 
•* Wife's Con^nement in PrUba, lo your great Ex- 
^ pence as well as Hardfiup; and for a Profecution 
" mil impending. Bat I vwll tell you, Mr. Harding^ 
** how that Matter ftandeth. Since the Prefs hath 
" lam under fo Qn€t an Infpedion, thofe who have a 
" mind to inform the World, are become {o^ cauti?- 
** ous, keep themfelves, if poljible, out of the 
" Way of Danger. My Cuftom, therefore, is to 
" didate to a Prentice who can write in a feigned 
''Hand; and what is- written, we fend to your 
" Houfe by a Black-guard Boy. But, at the fame 
" time, I do afTure you, upon my Reputation, that 
"I never did fend vou any Thing, fop which, I 
<*^ thought you could poffibly be called to anAc- 
" count. And, you will be my Witnefs, that I al- 
" ways defired you, by a Letter, to take fome good 
"* Ad^ce before yoo vesttfred to print ; beeaufe I 
" knew the Dexterity o£ Dealers in the Law, at iind-^ 
** ing out fomething to fallen on, where no £vil ist 
t xneant I am told, indeed, that jou did accord-^ 


138 DIRECTIONS, ft'^. 

'* ingly confolt fevenl very able Peribnss tad even 
"Jbme, who afterwards ^fptartd agmn/t ymtz To 
*' which I can- onl]^ anfwer $ that yon miift either 
'^ change year Advi/ers, or determine to print no- 
*' thing that comes from a Drafter, 

** 1 defile you will fend the indofed Letter, dixca:. 
ed to my Lord Vifcoant MoUfraortbt at his Houfe 
at BrackdenfiowH near Swtrds : Bnt I would have 
it fent frinied, for the Convenience of his Lord- 
ihip's reading ; becaufe this counterfeit Hand of 
" my Prentice, is not very leeible. And» if yoo 
'* think fit to publifh it, I would have you firft set it 
*' read over carefully by fome mtakit Lawyer : I am 
'' afiured, you will find enough of them who are 
** Friends to the Drafter^ and will do it without a Fee; 
** which, I am afraid, you can tU afford afbr all your 
*' £x{>ences. For, ilUiough I have taken fo much 
'' Care, that I think it impoffible to find a Topick out 
** of theibllowiqg Pa|^rs» Ibr fending you again to 
" Prifon ; yet I will not Venturis to be your Guarantee* 
*' This enfuing Letter containeth only a ihort Ac« 
*' count of myielf, and an humble Apology for my 
former Pamphlets, especially the Z^^;. with litde 
Mention of Mr. Wood^ or his Ho^-^r^. becaufe I 
have already faid enough upon that Subje^, until 
*' Occafion ihall be given for new Ftqrs i and, .in that 
;^' Cafe, you ma^ perhaps hear from me again*'' 


Your Friend, 

and Servant^ 
From my Shop i» 

^.Francu-ftnety . Jl B. 

Die. 14. 1724. 

P« S. " Fox Want of Intereonrfe between yon and 
** me, ^hich I never will fulFer, your People are apt 
** to make very grofs Errors in the Prefs^ whidi I de* 
^' fire you will Dievide againC^!^ » 

^ TO 



TO t He. 


Right Honourable the Lord Vifcounfi 
Mole/worthy at his Houfe at Brackdemz 
town near Swordi. 

My LORD, ^ 

I Reflet too late * on tlic Maxim of cmnmoii; 
Obfervers, that thofe who meddle in Matters ob^ 
of dieir Calling, will have Reafon to repent ; which 
is now verified in me : For, by engaging in the Trado 
of a Writer, I have drawn npon myfelf the Difplea- 
inre of die Government, £gnified by a Proclamatim^ 
piomifing a Revirard of Three hundred Foan<ls, to the 
^fntbfid Snbjed who fhall* be able, and inclined x^ 
inform aeainil me. ^o which I may add^ the laudahlt 
Zeal and Induftry of my Lord Chief juftice WhUJhed^ 
in his Endeavours to difcover fo dangerous a Perfon. 
Therefore, whether I repent or no, I have certainly 
Caufe to do io ; and tne common Obfervation flill 
ftandeth eood. ' " . 

It wilt fonietiines lutppen, I know not how, in the 
Courfe of humaii Affairs, that a Man.fhal) be made 
liable to hgal Ammadverfions, where he hath noising 
to anfwer for, eitherto God or his Country; and con- 
demned at tVeftminfier-Hall, for what he will never be 
charged with at the Day 6f Judgment. 

After ibri^yexaminiiig my own- Heart, andcon^* 
Silting fome Divines of great Reputation, F cannot 
accttle myfelf of any * Malice or Wickednefi 4^mn^ 
the PubiicAi of knjDefigm to fim) Sedition i of re* 

* AriiiiUi mentmfd in tic M^Stmtnt^ and yidciic Fresh* 

r40 The Daapibr*s Lettiw; 

fiOifig m ihi Sang mui bis Mimfiirsi or of eadea^ 
Touring to oliiMmte th$ Jjfk&imu of ike People of this 
Kingdom from tbofi of England. I^ I can diarge 
myielf with, is x weak Atteftipc lb (erve a Nadon 
in Danger of Deftradtion by a moil wicked and ma- 
licious Pfojedtor ; without waiting nntii I were called 
€0 its Affi^ance: Which Attempt^ however it' may 
perhaps give me the Title of pragmatical and onfer- 
nveemng^ will never ly a Burden Upon my CokiibieiKre. 
God iuiows, whether I may not» with all my Can* 
tion, have already run myielf into a iecend Dajwer* 
by-ofiering thus much in my. own Viiidication. For 
I have heard of a Jnde^^, who* upon, the Criminal^ 
Jfppeal to the dreadful Day of Judgment ^ told him, he 
had incurred a Premnmre, for efpealing to a foreign 
Jurifdi^ion : And of another in IFalis^ who feverely 
checked ^e Prifoner for ofl^rlng.the fame Plea; tax- 
ing him with refle^ng on the Court by {iickaCom? 
pariibn; becanie Comparifons 'were odiotff. 

But, in order to make fomeExcufe for being more 
fpeculative than others of my Condition ; I deiire 
your Lordlhip^s Pardon, .while X am doin^ a very icK>l- 
ifh Thing ; which is to jgiye yoa fome htde Account 
of myfclf. 

I was bred at a' Free-{9hoQl,.whe1:^e| acquired fome 
little Knowledge in the Latin Tongw, I ierved my^ 
Apprentlceihip in London^ and there iet up for my- 
feff with good Succefsj until, by die Death, of fome 
Triepds^ andth^ Miifortunei of others^ I returned into 
&is Kingdom ; and began to employ my TJiooghts 
in cultivating the Woollen Manufacture through aU its 
Branches; wherein ImetwidigreatDifcouragement, 
and powerful Op{>o(ers ; whole Obje^ions appeared 
" io me very flrange and fmgular. They aiguea, that 

Jie People of f/i^/iir^r^wpuld be oiFended, If bur Ma« 
ufa£ittres were brgug^t to equal. tneirs; Andevoi 
fome of the ^^<i;m/?^ra^ were nay Eheniies; which* 
1 could not but look upon as e^fnrd and mmuau- 
rul I remember your Lordihip, at that Time, did 
aae the Honour to come into my Shop, where. ( 


ftewed yott a * Piece of Hack- and 'wUte Stufy joft 
feat fion cbe I>p& 1, wluch^Ott were pkaied toapprove 
of, and be toy Cuftcuo^r for-it*' 

HowxYBR, l!\^w%f>/VnDitiifedy ibat I idUred for 
tkeihtiine to fitqiiictlx in siijr Shop, and dchd in tem^ 
mmGfods, Hke the rift o£mf'Birtdtten i undl it hap^ 
pened fome A^Aths" ago, confideiing wkh myfel^ 
that the ^mfr smd p99rir Sprt nfFufU wanted a ^/tf/i^ 
An^, «Mi^ ^/Mf» to defend f him agmnft CM Eafteiijr 
'^tt^ 5 'wbicb then kkmj ^uyjmci emd hUtjUng for m 
Ing fimi tegithir ; I conttiired one on phrpofe, . which 
fddvery well all orer die!£ingdom^ and prefervcA 
i&any Thbufiinds fifom Aptesl 1 then milde a ^feetihd 
«iKla /^W.Kind of Siufi :£aT itit GeMtry, with the 
juneSncce^; inilbnftnch> f^kt-utk Jpa hadi-haiAf 
been heant of for ibme Time. 

This incited me fo far^ that I vtotnred upon* a':|: 
/ov/^ Piece, madeofthe befti^/y^Woc^ Icoaldget^ 
and Ithou^t it pa^ and- rich enough to be wort 
oy the beft Lord or Judge^l the Land ! Bttt,:of lat^ 
K>&ie gjneii FoJh complahi; as I hdar^ that v^aKa thejr 
n^ it on, they feh. zSkudderif^ in tboir Umbs^ aiid 
have thrown it ofi^inra Rage ; ~ cwfinv to Heli the poor 
l>ra^eK^ who.imrented it : 80 that I am determine^ 
jcver to ijoork for Perfons of Quality again 1 ^xtept 
vxyoiaxLordJIdpznAzwefy few more. 

I aflbre yoor liOrdiBp^ upon the Word of an hv^ 
neft Cttt2pen> that I am^noi richer,'. by tiie Vdue of 
one of Uv.Wood'% Half-pence^ i^i^h the Saieof aUthe 
^m^iStuffs I have contrxvtd : For, I give the^wliole 
<^ttD ^' Dyers and Prefers, And, thei^efore, 'I 
hbpe >oa.^tt pleafe to bcuev^» that no ^er MoithHt 


* ^y thit U meant, oifreceeihg lAfienrfi In^tkh Vobme, ewA^ 
''- ' of :^ M.miMm». 


nft Tifiicb the troeUmattese 
'^otijfued. " 

f^ 7Sr D&A^isit*8 Letters. 

Ae Love of my Cooniiyy coald engage me 
tahfaSymfHcMd and Huids, toiheLofi of mfTbocs 
and the Gain of nothingtbnt ykxAin^ zjnd IM-nM. 

I have now in Hand ^vt!tFin$ of Sit^ to be woven 
Oft pnrpofefer your Lord(faip$. -alAoligh I miglit be 
afliamedtooffcrittoytMij aftet^I have confeflec^ ^at 
it will be made only firom the * 8Auds and Rtmmmts 
^fff tbeWo§limpbyedimtJbifinmr, However, I fhaH 
' wutrk it ttp as well as I c^; and at worftj, yoa need 
oiAf g^ve it among your Tenants. 

I am very fenfible hcfw ill yoor LordihoB is^like ti^ 
be entertained ,widi the Pedantry of a Drafter^, in 
the Terms of hb .own Taade. Howiwill the Matter 
bemendedy when yon- find mc entering- again, al- 
thoQi^ very fparin^y,. into an Affinr of State.^ tPor, 
fuch u now grown the. Controverfy with Mr. IFm< 
if feme gfiai Lmnjt^en are to be credited. And as 
it often happens at Play^ that Men begin witfi Ftr^ 
iHf^s, ana go on tOiGoU,. until fome of them lo& 
fkw Efttfes and fiii: . So it may poffifaly. M 
out in my Cafe» thait hyfldgjfiBg^ tob long^with Mr. 
|r«0^s Halfpence, I may be drasira ia to: pay a Figtr 
double tb the Eemvdr for hair^^^. me |. be fent tn 
jPrifen, and«i« hi dlM^vitei ibauM MUUil I fidl ham 
ftnd tit mirmtft Farthing. 

' There are. My Lord, three Sorts of Perfons widi 
whom lam lefolved never to dlAnte; KHigbwaj'mm 
with, a PiM at my Breaft r jk tro^ rf. DntgooMs who 
come to phmder my Honfe; andja.'Mw V'i^Xtfw 
whocan make a.Merit of .accwfing aii& > .Ia each of 
^efeCaleSk wkid^ otm, alm^/l df€ /ame, dijebeftAfe- 
Aod is to hefiiMtof. the fTiff: a^d thf next beft is to 
deli'Uir your Money ^ Surrender yonr Houje^ and comfeft 

^ I am told, that the two Points in my laft Letter, 
from which an Occafion of Offence hath been taken, 
are where- 1 mention Us* Majefty's Anfwer to the 

Addrefs of the Houfe of Lords n^n Mr. JVoetT^ Pa- 

* ' • • • • . 

• Mfomng the fre/ent Letter. 


LETTER V. r43 

lent j lUti yAm^ >I difcoocfe «pon JrelsutTs beikg a 
DefenJem Kiifjj^m., As to che lcinii^/»\ I can only. 
by^ that I Imve with the liimoft Re^iedt iad 
Caution ; and I dipu^t it neceifiir^ to ihew where 
Woiki*s f'atent difered i^ many eirential.Part8y from aU 
others that ever )ud been erakited s «becaa(e^' the €on-« 
trary had, for w^nt of due &forniation»: been ib fitong^ 
ly and fo largdy averted. As to the adier» of JreLuuT^ 
Dependency ^ iconfefs to Jiave. often heard it mentioncdy 
but was ne^^ al>le to underftand what it Bteant. - This 
gave me the Curiofity to inquire am^ng isttxHl emi« 
nent X«awy^rs» t^o ^^fefled theyka^ nothing bf 
the Matiec ^ I then tuat^ over . all the Statutes o£ 
both Kjqgdqnis wiffcoffClhfiieaitlipfarination, furthct 
than ai^ hijb Ad that J quoted of ^e 33d of Htwy 
VIII. uDidngJre/and to Sf^land undergone King.; I 
cannot fay I w,as forfy^ to be difappointed m my S^rch $ 
becauie it;i$ certain, Icottldibe ^nfefrteJtio^ dependent 
upon G^ and piy Ff^e% and the i^n^s af mp mmi 
Couuiryp efter the Man^i^ rf ^b^'l^euiwf* Botf&otce 
jny iettenzxtfiS a diffident Opinion^ and defire fwtthen 
Dependencies^ { fhall putwardly (nbfflit; j9»I ^U iofiilsag 
in Tsay owp Hearty fipon the E^eptioh I, made of M. J9J 
Drapier : Indeed that Hint was t^rrow^ from aaidle 
Story I had heard in Englmit wbiph perhaps may 
be commoi^ and beaiien 1 bat be^anie il ii^mmtei^ 
neither Treafon npr ^difim^ I wiU i&k hfett)^ relate it; 
So M B hundred Y^f ago, when the Pcess were fo 

freat that the Commons were look^ upon ^ Httle 
etter i^an th<ur D.^end^u i a JBill was brought in 
for makii^'fome' new Additions to the Power and 
Privileges of the Peerage. After it was^ read» one Mr. 
Drue^ a Member of the Hoofe ftood up, and' faid, 
Ke very much approved the Bill, and would give his 
Vote to have it pafs^^ but however,; for fome Rea&ns 
beft know9 to ^miejf, he defired that aClaufe might 
be infcrted Ux exce^i»gtbe^f^ip rf tf^e Drues.: The 
Oddneis of the Propoiiuo|i |augbt others to refled a 
little; and the Bill was tbroinrn. ou(i > 


r4# 7^^ DraHk&'s Lsttb&s. 

- Wailpiigfc i W«eaiifftlnmV*oii«tft<iliiiw'^mer* 
i^miimg thi jyefrndituy^ .nuift be left to tke kifamal 
JudgtBBttt If .the Wond/as «k11 -as to tke Couits ef }tt- 
dksahres afltheii^ xndcedincic.iil fo ^ejfiShuU tsA df 
dfrmmMmmit^ . Boi toidfinxi^^ asllkearfamfcdo, in 
eider Jtocoiuifieiiiifice a feaifolaiid Servile %»Tk, that 
this PfoinC did not AcAw^ io mji Suhjt^^ is a falfe and 
fcolifliObje^ohi There were reverai.)candaloQs Re- 
ports indi&ribiajdbitad bf II^Mi/aKid his AocoB^]ices, 
to tfiTcourage all <JppbAti9n agaiiA hi» infattkms PrO' 
jea.. TiM^t gav«r<ir oat that #6 Werfr- f^c^axtd for a 
jBr^iKf«r$ aad dikt^wbcfiTputed <id King^s Ffengaihei 
ilodiMfe ihakfag off-mir Dnj^ndiniy: '■ llie M went lb 
faff>: add obtained^ ibuch BtU^f againft the meft tifi^ 
ble Ikntonib^tions to the cofitmy^ that a ^reat ?erfon 

df this Ku^oiBy now in SitgUauf^ fent over fucfa an 
Aoooniit ofit to his Fiieudd, as wodd make any good 
if«bj^bothgii«^^tidtMible. I tboa^btitthere- 
Ibce veceffaryto treat iSiatGaliuiuijr as it ii^etrti' 
Tbeni proved bf an invindble Argutneh^ diatwe 
mdd iiave not lateii^ii tb <difpttte his Maje%'s i^- 
fpggasw, becsi^t iAi^ Prhr^gati'vi WviA not concerned 
intBe (^eAkn; the Civilialisahdi Lawyers of allNa- 
tions-jag^eeingt- diat Co^er is mt Money, And lafU/i 
to ckar us irom the' Impimcion of (hakihg oiF our Dc 
fmdmyi I (hewed whtKin I l^iotight, and QmiU ever 
tbiDlB,^du^Z^i^r|i^€oiUided $ atid cited the Statute 
f^ve^meatitaed,' «i)sUi& in J^lsmd; hy tvhich it is 
enaaedi >ths|t m»hU»virU Kifig^f Enc^d^ JbaRh 
i&Vf|'e^ Ireland ilaadf* that diie tivo Kingdoms ftsU 
be /<?r #«#^ M/ ^ogelher mtder ^e^ King. ' This, as I 
concehred; did wdiolly acquit iis of intendine to break 
our Depmdemy ;• becade it ynd sdto^'ther Out of our 
Power: For farfelyino King -of -r»fJW will evcrcon* 
fent to thie Repeal Of tMs* Statute; ' ' 

Birr bpon dii# Aitid^ i adi cttkrged ^^ ti heainer 
AccufatioA, It is* fald^that iw^^nt '^s&y^l^httL i de- 

upon the Throne o/E^mt^h^kddd/hiihi'yi^ 
fa fat ^i^ture t9 tran/grefi tins Statute, that j 

LETTER V. 145 

nmiid hfe the lafi "Drop tfn^ Bloodp hefort I fwouU/ub* 
jgx2/ tQ him 4u King of Ireland. 

Tr is I hear on all Sides^ is the ftrongefl and weigh* 
tieft'Obje£tionagainft me ; and which hath given the 
moft O^ence ; that I ihoald be To bold to £dare a- 
gainft a dire^ Statute ; and that any Motive, how 
Srong Toever, could make me rejed a King, whom 
Enghmd (hould receive. Now, if in defending myfelf 
from this Accnfation, I fhoiild freely confefs, that I 
waent too far ; that the Expreffion was very indifcreety 
although occafioned by my 2^al for his pcefent Ma* 
jefty, and his Proteflant Line in the Hoa& of Ha'" 
tiov€r ; that I fhaU be carefnl iiiever to offiend again 
in the like Kind ; and, that I hope this firee jkduiow^ 
ledgment and Sorrow for vay Error, will be fome 
Atonement, and a little Xoften the Hearts oftny pow* 
erfol Adverfaries: I fay, if I fliould offer fuoh a Oe* 
fence as this, I do not doid)t, but the People would 
wreft it to an ill Meaning, by a (piteful Interpretation, 
And therefore, fxnce I cannot thmk of any other An- 
fwer which that Paragraph can admit, I will leave it 
to the Mercy of every candid Reader ; but dill with* 
«at recanting my own Opinion. 

I vtrill now venture to tell your Xordih^ a Secret; 
wherein, I fear, you are too 4^ply concerned. Yoa 
will therefore pleafe to know, that this Habit of wri«> 
dng and difcouriing, wherein I onfisctunately differ 
from almofi the whole Kingdom, and am apt to gi;ate 
the Ears of more than I could wifh, was acquired du- 
ring my Ajpprenticefhip in London^ and a long RefH- 
dence ^ere after I had fet up for myCblf. Upon my 
Ketum and Settlement here, I thought I had only 
thonged one Country of FreeJom for another. 1 had 
been long converiing with the Writings of your Lord* 
ihip, Mr. Locke^ Mr. Molineaux^ Colonel Sidn^^ and 
other dangerous Authors, who talk of '< Liberty as a 
'< Bleifin^, to w£ich the whole Race of Mankind hath 
** an original Title ; whereof nothing but unlawful 
«' Force can diveft them.'^ I kpew a good deal of the 
fever al Got hick Inftitutions inEttropei and by wliat In- 
Vol. IV, O cidents 

146 The Drapier's Letters. 

ddents and Evttits they came to be deftrcnred: And I 
ever thought it the moft uncontrouled and univerfally 
agreed Maxim, that ** Freedom coniifteth in a People 
'* being governed by Laws made with their own Con- 
** fent; and Slavery in the contrary." I havebeen like- 
wife told, and believe it to be true, that Liberty and 
Property are words of known Ufe and Signification 
in this Kingdom ; and the very Lawyers pretend to 
tinderlhuid, and have them often in their Moatbs. 
Thefe were the £srors which have milled me ; and to 
which alone I moft impute the fevere' Treatment 1 
have received, fiat I fhall in Time gmu fun/et, and 
learn to conltder my Drivetf fthe RoaJ I am in, and 
^th whom I am yoked. This J ^ill; venture to fay, that 
the boldeft andmofl obnoxiousWordsl ever delivered, 
would in England Yizye oxAy as a fhipid 
Fool, who went to prove that "the Sun fhoneina 
** dear Summer's Day :" And I have Witnefles ready 
to depofe, that your Lordlhip hath faid and writ fiftjT 
times worfe ; and, what is fiill an Aggravation, witl 
infinitely more Wit and Learning, and ftrongcr Arga* 
ments : So that, as Politicks run, 1 do not know a 
Pcrfon of more exceptionablePrinciples than yourfelf: 
And if ever I ihall be difcovered, i think you will be 
<bi>und in Honour to pay my Fine, and fupport me ifl 
Prifon; 'Or elfe I may inform againfl yon by 
Way o£ Reprizal, 

In the mean time, I beg your Lordlhip to receiw 
ny .Confeffion ; ^that if there be any fuch Thing as a 
Dependency of Ireland upon England^ otherwife than 
as I have explained it, either by the Lawo£GodfOt 
Nature, of Rea/on^ of Nations, or of the Ztf«i/ (which 
I. fhall die rather than grant), then was the Proclamtion 
againft me, the moft merciful that ever was put out; 
and inftead of accufing me as maliciousy wicked, and 
feStious ; it might have been diredUy as guilty oi 
High Treafon^ - 

All I defire is, that the Caufe of my Country a- 
gainfl Mr. Wood, may not fufFer by any Inadvertency 
of mine : Whether Ireland depends dpon England, or 
only upon God, xYi^King, and the Law : I hope no 

LETTER V. r47 

Man Will aflcit that it dependeth upon Mr. Wood, I 
ihould be Jieairtily fony, that this commendable Re- 
Tentment againfl me (hould accidentally (and I hope ^ 
what was never intended] fbike a Damp upon that 
Spirit in all Ranks and Corporations of Men againft 
the defperate and' ruinous Defign of Mr. Wood. Let 
ffiy Countrymen blot* out thofe Parts in my laft Let- 
ter which they diiUke ; and let no Ruft remain in my 
Snmrd, to cure the Wounds I have given to our moft 
nwrtal.Enemv. When Sir Charles Ridley was taking 
the Oaths, where feveraTTKings were to be renounced ; 
he, faid, he loved renouncing i aiked if any more 
were to be renounced i. for he was ready to renounce as 
siQch as they pleafed. Altiiough I am not fo. thorough 
a Renotmcer ; yet let me have but good City Security^ 
againfl this peftilent Coinage, and I fhall be ready 
not only to renounce every Syllable in all my fous 
Letters, but deliver them ^chearfully wth my own- 
Hands mt(y thofe of the common Hangman, to be burnt 
with no betttf Company than^the Coiner's Ejfigies, if 
any Part of it hath efcaped out ortht/ecular Hands of 
my faithful Friends the common People. 

But, whatever the Sentiments oi/ome People may 
^) I think it is ag-eed, that many of thofe who/r^- 
fcrihei a^ihft me, are on the. Side of a vaft Majorinr 
uithe^ngdom, who oppofed Mr. Wood; And, U 
was with ereat Satisfaction, that I obferved fome Bight 
Bonourabi Names very amicably joined with my own 
at the BottonL of a flrong Declaration^ againft him, 
and his Com. But if the Admiflion of it among us 
^ already determined ; the tvorthy Perfon who is to 
^^^rof me, ought in Phidence to do it with all con- 
venient Speed; or elfe it mav be difficult to find 
Three hundred Pounds in Sterling for the Difcharge 
of his Hirey when the Publick fhall have loft Five 
linndred thoufand ; if there be fo much in the Na- 
tion ; befides Four Fifths of its annual Income for ever. 

I am told by Lawyers, that, in Quarrels between 
Man and Mzn, it is of much Weight which of them 

O 2 gave 


148 The Diia»ibr's Letters. 

pve tiie firft Provocadoo, or ftnick the M Blovr. It 
» manifeft chat Mr. ff''ooJ hadi done both : Asd there- 
fore I ihould humbly propofe to have him firft banged, 
and his Dr$/s thrown into the Sea : After which, the 
Drafier will be ready to ftand his TriaL " It muft 
** needs be that Oifences come ; bat woe unto him hj 
** whom the OfBrace cometh.** If Mr. ^Whad held 
his Hami; every Body elfe would' have held their 
Toftgaes : And then, t&ere would have bcea little 
.Need of Pamphlets^ Juries, or Prociamatim upoa 
Ihis OccaiioQ. The Provocadon moft needs have been 
very great, which coidd ftir up an obicure, indolent 
Dratur, to become an Juthor. One wonlctaliDel! 
Iftink the very Stoms. in the Stiseet would rift up in 
ibdra Canie-.'Andlam notfore^ they' wilT not <&^ 
againf(Mr..lFWi if ever he comes wic&in their Read. 
l^ ia a known Story of the dumb Boy , whofe Tongoe 
ferced! a P^age fbc Speech by the Hbsror of iecio^a 
Z>^gg<r &t his Father's Ihroar. THis. may leffia tbc 
Wonder,, that a Tradleftnan hid in FHvaqr aod Si- 
fence, fkavld crj oat when the Life and B&ag ofiu) 
EoRical' MoiBer are attempted before his, Facci ^ 
J (b infamous a Hand. 

B^, in the mean time„ Mr, Wooii the Vifinjf^ " 
t Kingdbm, wafts about in THumph (^xnlefi it he tra^ 
that he is in Jail fbr Debt) while he wfio^endeavouin 
to i^ert the Liberty of int Coantfy^ is forced to**^ 
Us neadfot occaiu)nany dkaling; in a Miattep of ^ 
froverj^. However, I am not ue fisff who hath been 
COndemtrc* to Death* for^arwW a great Vt&or) ov« 
a powcrftit Enemy, by dfifobeymg for otut the 1&» 
Orders of Military Difcipline. ' . 

I am now ceiblved to folIow(after theufuaTProcccfl- 
mg" 6f Mankind, becaufe it is too late] the Advice 0- 
^n me by a certain Deau.* He fhewcd the M^ 
I was in, of trailing to the general Good-wiH oi^ 
Pccmfe ; that I bad fucccedcd hitherto better thaa 
coufd be expected : But that (bme unfortuaare r/>f*«' 
fianiial La^e, would probably bring jne within tw 

* XU AuUior. H is fu^fofid manetb bimfiJf. 

LETTER V. 149 

Reach of Power: That my good Intentions wouM be 
00 Secarity againfl ^ thofe who watched every Motion 
« of my Pen in the Bitternefe of my Soal/' He pro- 
duced an Inftance of a PeHan asinnocent^ as diiinter*- 
cfted, and as well-meaning as myfelf ; who had writ-^ 
ten a ^ very (eafonable and inoffisnfive Treatife, ex> 
Porting the People of this Kingdom to wear their owik 
Manufadures ; for which, however, the Piinter was- 

d:coted with the i^moft Virolence ; the Jury fint 
Nine times I and the Man given up to the Mer- 
cy of the Court. The Dean further oblerved. That I 
was in a Manner left alone to Hand the Battle ; while 
others, who had Ten thoufand times better Talents 
than a Drafier^ were fb prudent as to lie ftill i and per-- 
haps thought it no unpleafant Amufement to look oa 
with Safety, while another was giving them Difnerfion- 
^ the Hazard of his Liberty and Fortune ;. and 
thought they made a fufficient Recompence by a little 
Applaufe ; Whereupon he concluded with a ihort Sto* 
ly of a Jew at Madrid \ who being Condemned to th^ 
l^ire on account <^ his Religion, a Crowd of School* 
^y^ followed him to the Stake, and apprehending 
they might lole their Sporty, if he (hoald happen tc^ 
fecant ;.. wooldoffien clap him^om tbe^ock^zxA cry Sta^ 
>«o Uye/e (Mf/es amtinue fte^aft,.) 

^ allow this Gentleman's Advice to have been ve-^ 
j7 V^'^ and his Qbfervadons jnil ; and in one Re* . 
<pe^ my Condition is worfe than that of the Jew^ for 
»o Ricaniation iJt/illfave me. However^ it fhould feen^ 
oy fime late Proceedings^ that my State is not alcoger 
^er deplorable This I csia impute to nothing bub^ 
the Steddinefs of two impartial Grand Juries^ which 
hath confirmed in me an Opinion I have long enter- 
tained; That, asPhilofophei^ fay, '* Virtue, is feated in 
'' the Middle;" fo, in ajuether Senfe, the little Firtm 
left in the World is chiefly to be.foond amoflig.the.;9B/V- 

O 5 dki 

7be Author meanetk him/elf again ^ in the Dijcourjk 
^fmg the People of Ireland/^ iMot^ibeir owetMunu^ 

15^ Tie Dhafibr's Lbtters. 

Jh Rank of Mankind; wko are neither a&taj out 
#f her Padis by Jmhiihm^ nor ^m«» by Povtrtj, 

SiHC« the Froclamaihm^ occafioned by myhiftLtt* 
ter, and a /m PreparatioA for proceednig agaiift me ia 
a Court of Joftice, there have been two prkted Papen 
dandeftinety fpread about; whereof no Man is abAeto 
flrace the Original, farther than by C§nji£lurei which, 
with its afaal Charky, lays them to my AeamoL 
The former isentitided, Butfimakk Adwe^ andap- 
peareth to have been intended for informatiott of tbe 
Grand Tory ; wfoti the Soppofi«km of a Bi& to be 
prepared againft that Letter. The other is an Eztrad 
from a printed Book of Parfianentary Piocee&igSf 
in the Year i6So; containing' an angry Refblntbaof 
the Hovfe of Commons in EngLimd^ agah&ft /ifihiag 
Grand yuriH. As to the fbrmer,^ yoar Loiddiip will 
ind it tt> be the Work of a more artM Hand, thm 
tiiat of a common Drapkr, It hadi been cenfored for 
endeavoarmg to influence the Minds of a Jury, whidt 
Ooghf to be whoUy foe and oibiaf&d ; and for that 
Reafbn it is mam/ifi^ Chat no J^dgf was ever knom, 
either »/Mror ef the Bench, either by himfiify or his 
Defendmti^ to nfe the liaft Infamatimh chat Blight 
poflibly aieS the Faffions, at Intercfts, of any one 
- Angle Jury Ma», much kfs of a whole ^Mpy ; whenef 
every Man rnu/i be cMmnctd^ who win joft give him- 
felf the Tioobte tt> dip ini^ the'common primed Tii* 
als: So as, it is amaxing to think, what a Nnad)erof 
tfrigbi ymdgts there have been in both Kingdoms, f«K 
above fxty Yean fafi% which, ronfidering how loog 
^y heU j^df Office liwmr^ P^^/ib^f, utkisyjiiii^ 
Mtmmg. M , I acconnt next to a Mirmcle, 

AstotJieo^r Pa^wr, I muft coofefs it is a fhirp 
Cenfnre from ai^ EhgHJh Hoofe of Commons, agttnii 
Mffohnng Qrmd Juries y by 9snj Ju<%e before the hA 
of the Term, Aftizes, or Setfons, while Matters art 
ander their Confider^tion ; and not presented as 
arbitrary, illegal, deftmdive to publick^ Tuftice, a 
imanifeft VioAatioh of his Oath, and is a Means to 
fiibvert the fandancnlat Laws of the Kingdom. 


LETTER V, fii 

N(ywtysXy the FubiMiet feeiAe^t& have been mif* 
taken k what he aimed at. For, whatever Depm'*^ 
dme there jnay be' of IrtUnd upoQ Enghnd^ I hepd 
be would not iniiiiaate, that the Proceedings of a LW 
^hitfjofinf mhiimndj mttll dtftntt upon a Rejblu**- 
tim of aa Englifh^ Hoofe of Coinmonv. Befides, that 
Refolutm alcfa^ueb it* were krelled agaiaft a particu*^ 
hr Loxd Chief }aftke, Sir Wittimm Servigs, yet the 

the Ofierai/ ^ary^ «f Lcmdonf, for feay they ^wm^ fte* ' 
^m ; bat o«rs m DkbUn was dij/hhed^ because diar 
woald ml pseient; whieh 'wonderfully alters the Ge^, 
And, dierrfbve, ^ focond Grand J^ury^ioi^XieA thatDe* 
fed by making a Prefeniment that hath fUmfed tbt 
nuhete Kingdom^ Howerer, I think it is- agreed by aU 
Parties, that both the one and the other yntj behaved 
themfeWes in iech a Marnier, as ought t&be vemeni'- 
bered to their Honour^ while there ihaH b* any Re- 
gard left amcmg u^ lor Vwtmot Ruhlick Sfirk,. 

I am conftdent, yoor Lort^ip wid be ef my Senti^ 
snents in one Thing ; that fome fiiort, p^a}n, anthen* 
tick TrafI might be puUiihefd^ for the Infermattoit 
both afFeify^ and Gttand Juries^ how far iJietr Powea 
reacheth^ aaid where it is limited ; and that a printecl 
Copy of fueb a Tseatife might be* deported in ciery 
Court; to be cDiifttlted by t£e }ttry-ineh,> before thf^ 
tonfidar of theipVerdiA; by which Abundance <^ 
Incoi}vcniendeew€«Ad be atiotded ; whereof innameN 
^^ InAanocs might be produced from former Time«» 
hecaaie i will iay nothing ^f che prefent. 

I have tead fomewhere of an Enfiem King; who 
put a Judge to JDeacK for an ioiquitoiM Sentence ; and 
ordered his Hide to be fluffed into a Cupien^ and placed 
^pon dielribonsd for t)i« Son to- fit on ; who was 
preferred i» hia Father's Office; I faiicy> &eh a Me^^ 
^orial might Mt have been unufeful to a Sen of Siv 
William 9 croggst and that both- he and his Succe^ra 
woold often 'yoriggle in their Seats, as long a» ^e Cujhi^n^ 
^ed : I wiih the Relater had told us what Na»ber 
of Aich Canons there might be i(i that County. 

15^ 72r.DRAFi£R's Letters. 

. I caiiobt but obferve to yovr Lordfliip^ how aicr 
and dangerous a Point it U growo» fora private Pcrfon 
10 inform tke People ; even in an Affair, where the 
publick Intereil and Safety are £0 highly concerned* 
as that of Mr. JVo^di and this in a Country-, where 
Lsyalty is nvovem int^ ibi 'very Hearts rf the Peopk^ 
(eemetb a litde extraordinaiy. Sir IViliietm Scrbggs was 
the firil who introduced that commemUih/e Aotienefs in^ 
U the Courts ofjudtcatwr^ ^ but how far this Pradice 

' bath been imitated by his ^ucceilbrs, wftrmmtd mpees 
O^cafiWt is out o£my Knowledge- When Pamphlets 
unfhafimg f- the Minifiry^ . wer^ pr^ented as Libels, 
he would order die oS«n£ive Paragraphs to be nead be« 
fore him ; and iaid it was ftrange, that the Judges and 
Lawyers of the Kii^s Bw^h. doUer than all 
the People of England: And he was often fo very 
happy in applying the initial Lttters of Names, and 
CJ^poundiog dnhieus Hinti^ (tl\e two* common Ezpe* 
dients among Writers .of that Clais, for efcaping the 
Law) that he difcovered much more than ever the 
Authors intended; as many of them, or theij* Print- 
ers, found to their Coft. If fttch Methods ane to be 
Ibllowed ia examining what I have already written, 
er naay write heceafter, upon the Subjeft q& Mr. iVe^ 
I defy any Man of ikity times my Underftandine 
and Caudon, to avoid beiag entsnappsdi uniefs he wifi 
|»e content to' write what none will read, by repeating 
over the <^d Aiguments and Compotations ; whereof 
(he Wprld is already grown. weacy. So that my good 
Friend HardUsg lieth under this Dilemma y either to 
let my .learned Wwks hai^ for ever a-drying upon his 
Lines \ or venture to publiih them at the Hazarid of 
being laid by tbe Heels. 

,. X need not tell your Lordfliip where the Difficulty, 
lieth :; Jt is trae^ . that the King and the Laws permit 
us to reffife. this Coin of Mr. Witodi but^ at the fame 
lime, it is equally true, that the. King.and the Laws 

prmit us to receive it. Now, it is barely pqffibU that 
the Minifters in England may not fuppoie the Con- 
fe<jttenceS' of uttering that Brala among us, to tie fi> 


Xetter v. »sf 

nuiMMft as we apprehend ; becanfe, perhaps, if tfaeyt 
uiider&ood it in that Lig)\t» they would* in cosnmoa 
Homanity, ufe thear Cf^t with his MajeAy for far 
viog^tf mjl Uyal Kimgibm from^ Dtfiru^itm, But, a* 
long as it ihaU pkafe thaTe great Perfona to think that 
Coin wiEnot be^Sr 'very pernicious to ns. we \y undei 
the Di&dvantafe of bang cenfured as obfiinaie in not 
complying with a ftoyal Patent. Therefore, notlung 
remaineth» but to make nfe of that Liberty^ which th« 
King^ and the Laws hnve left ns; by continuing to re^ 
fufe thi&Coia; and by frc^c^nt Remembrances td 
kea^ up that Spirit: raj&di agaiiift us ; which,. othe»» 
wiiema)f be apt to flag, and penhapa laTime m fink 
aitog^her. For^aa^pnUickOcderajiaftnftreeeiviiiff 
ac ttturing: Ma. lVopd"9 Hs^-peiitf^, ia not reafi/ish^ 
to be «ipe£ted in ^ King^pttk without Diredtiona^ 
&Qin England I which I think net body prefomcth^. Of 
is Te fiifig^H w tp hopes* 

BvT to conftft tb« Tjmdu my Loic^ I bfig>* ^ 
mm weary of s^ Qfilcff ae a:WriterjL nfiA wM 
wnilj^ wiSi in ^Miere^dimdiwd i^kmi w Bn^^^* ^ 
Makan of $enr^ aiul Aai&u^i who^ pochaps, ara«br 
beft.q«a}ififtdiaft pjoafei^. totgaiiier np the GImminp of 
thkGoflMBWJjt. Av ta aayfd^ it baib beta mf 
Misfbitinicta.bqpii^aBd puifiie it upon awBjrwfMI 
Foundation. For, having detected the Frauds and 
Fallhoods of this vile Impttfos ^<W, in every Far|, I 
foolifhly .difdainid to have Recourfe to wbimMg, U-^ 
^f^ing^ and trytnf fit^ Mkr^ I but rather chofe to 
^pped to Lanv zxA Liberty^ and the common Rights of 
^otthnd^ without coofiditril^. the Climate I was in. 

Since your laft Relidence in Ireland^ I frequently 
^^ve taken my Nag to ride about your Grounds^ 
where I fancied myfelf to feel an Air of Freedom 
^ffcathing round me ; and I am glad the low Condition 
ofaTradcfman, did not qualify me to wait on yoo. 
at your Houfe ; for then, I am afraid, my yTdtinga 
would not have efcapcd ^^rrr Cenfures. Rut I have 
lately fold my Nag, and honeftly told his greateft 
Faidt, which was that of (hufiiDg up the Air about 


r5+ The DliAPiEK's Letters. 

BraehieH/fonvit i^whtrehy he. became fuck a Lorer of 
Liheriy^ that I could fcarce hoki him in. I have 
Hkewife boried, at the Sottom of a ftroog Cheft, 
your Lordihip*s Writings, under a Heap of others 
that treat of Lihirty ; and fpread over a Lajfer or two 
of Hebhs^ Fi/mer, Bodin, and many moi^ Aothors of 
that Stamp, to be readied at Hand, whenever Khali 
be difpofed to take. up a iv^w Set of Principles in Go- 
vernment. In the mean time, Idefiga quktlj^ to- 
look to my Shop, and k^ep as f^rourof"yoar-Lmd- 
fliip*s Influence as-poffihle : And if yon ever fee any 
more of my Writings on thif Sobjed, I promife yoa. 
ftall find them as innocent, as in%l<i^ aad.wi^ont 
ft. Sting, as what I have now offered yoa^. Bat; if 
your Lorihip. will pkafe tOvgive. me an e^fy. Leak of 
4ome Par( of your £ Yfirk/hirt^ thittwr I will: 
tarry m)!" Cheu ; and turning it^ upfid^down, refume 
my ^political. Reading where I leic * it^ eff!|. feed o&- 
. j^ain homely Fare^ and' live and die ft;^/ honeft 
Angiijh Farmer : But-nofr widioutiLegret, for leaving 
my Countrymen under the Dread of the braeen TaU 
kms of Mr. Wood^. xekj^ xsnA loyal and innocent 
Countrymen; to, whom I* owe fo much for their 
cood Opinion q£ me> and my poor Endeavooi^'tt^ 
i^rveihciiL I am».w3th the greateft^Reiped,. 




and mfi bumib Stmfmtt^ . 

• . - » » 

iff. B. 

ftom my Shop & 

"St. Francis'Jlreet^ 
I>fc. 14. 1704* 


Advertifement to //&^ Reader.. 

THE former of the two following P^r 
persis dated Oaober 6th 1724, by 
which it appeareth to be written a little, af- 
ter the Proclamation againft the Author of 
the Drapier^s fourth Letter. It is delivere.4. 
with much Caution, becaufe the Author 
confeffeth himfelf to be Dean of St. Pa- 
tricky ; and I could difcover his Name 
fubfcribed at the End of the Original, al- ' 
though blotted out by forae other Hand. 
I can tell no other Reafon why it was? not 
printed, than what I have heard ; that th^ 
Writer finding how effeftually the Drapier 
had fuccecded, and at the fame :time how 
highly the People in Power feemed to be 
dilpleafed, thought it more prudent to 
Iteep the Paper in his Cabinet.^ Howe- 
ver, having received fome Encourage- 
ment to colled into one Vclume all Papers 
relating to Irelafidj fuppofed to be written 
by the Drapier. \ and knowiiig how favour- 
ably that Author's Writings in this Kind 
hath been received by the Publick-, to make 
the Volume morp compleat, I procured a 
Copy of the following Letter from one of 
the Author's Friends, with whom it was 
left while the Author was in England \ 
and I have printed it as near as I could in 
the Order of Time. 




The next Treatife is called An Adirefs^ 
2c€. It is without a Date^ hut ieemeth to 
be written during the firft SeflSon of Par- 
Kament in Lord Carf€rei*s Government, 
The Title of this Addrels is in the ufual 
Form, ^by Mr B. Drftpicr. Tliere is but 
a fmatl Pkrt 4>f it ^at relatech to WiUim 
.irW and his Coin ^ The reft containeth 
leveral Propofals for i!he Improvement rf 
Ireland \' the many IKfcouragements it 
lieth under •, and what are t!he bcft Reme- 
dies agunftthem. 

By many Paflages in feme of the Dra- 
Jtier^s former Letters, but particularly in 
the following Addrefs, xronceming the 
great Drain of Money from Ireland by 
Abfemees, Importation of foreign Goods, 
Balance of Trade, «ami the like ; it ap- 
peareth that the Adthor had taken much 
Pains, and l3een well informed in the Bafi- 
nefs 0f computings all his Rcafonings 
vpon that Su^eft, although he doth not 
here defcend bo particular Sums, agreeing 
generally with the Accounts |^ven by 0- 
thers, who have ii nee made that Inquiry 
^heir particular Study. And, it is obfer- 
vable, that in this Addrefs, as weN as in 
one of his printed Letters, he hath §>eci- 
fied feveral important Articles, that have 
€iot been taken notice of by others who 
came after him. 



Lord Chancellor Middleton. 

MyLORD, ' 

I DESIRE jroa will coniider me as a Member who 
Cometh in at the latter End of a Debate, or as a 
Lawyer who fpeaketh to a Caufe, when the Matter 
iathbeen almoftexhaufted bythdfewho {i)oke before. 

I remember fome Months ago 1 was at your Houfe 
^pon a Commiffion, where I am one of the Gover- 
nors : But I went thither not fo much on account of 
|he Commiffion, as to afk you fome Queftions concern- 
ing Mr. ^Ws Patent to coin Half-pence for ir^/aWj 
where you very freely told me, in a raixt Company, 
how much you had been always againft that wicked 
™jeft : Wbich raked in me an Efteem for you fo far, 
that I went in a few Days to make you a Vifit, after 
"lany Years Intermiffion. I am likewife told, that 
your Son wrote two Letters from London, (one of which 
1 have received) impowering thofe to whom they were 
diredled, to affure his Friends, that whereas there 
^as a malicious Report fpread of his engaging him- 
felf to Mr. JValpoie for Forty thoufand Founds of 
^Vood's Coin, to be received in Ireland i the faid Re- 
port was falfe and groundlefs ; and he had never 

Vol. IV. P difcburfed 

758 ^^ Drapieh's Lettbiis. 

difcoaifed with that Minifter on the SobjeCt ; nor 
would ever give hi^ Confeot to have one Farthing of 
the faid Coin carrent here. And, although it be long 
fince I have given myfelf the.Trouble of converfing 
with People of Titles or Stations ; yet I have been 
iolA by thofe who can take up with fach Ainnienients, 
that there is not a confiderable Perfon of the King- 
dom, fcrupalous in any Sort to declare his Opinion. 
But all this . is needlefs to alledge, when we confider, 
that the ruinous Confequences of Wood'^s Patent, have 
been fo Ilrongly reprefented by both Houfes of Parlia- 
ment ; by the Privy Council j the Lord Mayor and. 
Aldermen of Dublin ; by (o many Corporations ; and 
the Concurrence of the principsd Gentlemen in moft 
Counties, at their Quarter-feflions^ without any Re- 
gard to Party, Religion, or Nation. 

I conclude from hence, that the Currency of thefe 

Half- pence would, in the universal Opinion of our 

People, be utterly defirudive to this Kingdom ; and 

cpniequently, that it is every Man^s Duty not only 

to refufe this Coin himfelf, but as far as in hina lieth, 

to perfuade others to do the like : And whether diis 

be done in private or in Print, is all a Cafe : As no 

Lay- man is forbid to write, or to difcourfe npoo rtli* 

gious or moral Sabje^ls ; although he may not do it 

in a Pulpit (at leaft in our Church). Ne^er is this 

an Affair of State, until Authority ihall think fit to 

declare it ib : Or, if you fhould underftand it in tkat 

$enfe ; yet you will pleafe to coniider that I am not 

now. a preaching. 

Therefore, I do not think it|ny Duty, iincetltf 
Drafter will probably be no more heard of» fo far to 
fupply his Place, as not to incur his Fortune : For 1 
have leam'd from old Experience, that there areTinies 
wherein a Man ought to be cautious as weU as inno* 
cent. I therefore hope, that preferving both thofe 
Charadlers, I may be allowed, by oaring new Arga- 
ments, or enforcing old ones, to refrelh the Memoiy 
of my Fellow-fubje^, and keep op that good Spirit 



nufcd among thent; to prcfervc themfelves from 
utter Ruin by lawful Means, and fuch as are per- 
mitted by his Majefty. 

I befieve you will pleafe to allow me two PropO- 
fitions : Firft, that we are a moft loyal People ; and. 
Secondly,. that we. are a free People, in the common 
Acceptation of that Word applied to a Subjedl under ■ 
aJifliited Monarchi I know rery well, that you and 
Ididjnany Years ago in Difcoorfe differ much, in the 
Prcfcnceof* Lord Irharton, about the Meaning of that 
Word Liberty^ with Relation to Ireland, But if you 
will not aHow OS to be a free People ; there Js only 
another Appellation left ; which, I doubt, my Lord 
Chief Jiifticc^^^V/^^i/ would call me to an Account 
for, if I ventured to bcftoW : ^For, I obferved, and I 
ihall never forget upon what Occaiion, the Device 
Dpon his Coach to be Libertas & niatale Solum ; at 
tke very Point of Time when he was fitting in his 
Court, and perjirrmg him felf to betray both. 

Now, as for oar Loyalty to his prefent Majefty ; 
if it hath ever been equalled in any other Part of his 
Doinimons ; I am fure it hath never been exceeded : 
And I am confident he hath not arMinifter in Eng- 
land who could ever call it once in Queftion : Bcit 
that fome hard Rumours at lead have been tranfmtt- 
ted from the. other Side the Water, I fujppofe you will 
not doubt: And Rumours of the ieverefl Kind; 
which many gpod People have imputed to the in- ' 
dircft Proceeding Of Mr. Wood and his Emiflaries ; 
as if he endeavoured it ihould be thought that our 
Loyalty depended ugon the Teft of refufmg or taking 
his Copper. Now, as I am fure you wiU admit us 
to be a loyal" People ; fo you will think it pardonable 
in us to hope for all proper Marks of Favour and 
Protection from fo gracious a King, that a loyal and 
free People- can expert : 'Among which, we all agree 
in reckoning this to be one ; That Wood\ Half* 
p^nce may never have Entrance into this Kingdom. 
And dits if% ihall oofitmue to wifi?^ when we dare no 

F 2 longtr 



x6o The Drapier's Letters. 

loom exprds oor Wifhes ; although there were no 
fiich Mortal as a Drapier io the WoiTd. 

I am heartily forry, that any Writer flioald, in a 
Caufe fo generally, approvedy give Occafion to the 
Government and Council to charge hkm with *' * Pa- 
" ra|;raphs highly relle&ing upon his Majefty and bis 

MmiAers ; tending to alienate the Affsraons of his 

good Subjedts in England and Irtiand from each 

other; and to promote Sedition among the People/' 
I mufl confefsy diatwith many others, I thought he 
meant well ;. although he might have the Failing of 
better Writers, to be not always fortunate in the 
Manner of expieffing himfelf^ 

However, fince the Dr^^tfr is but. one Man, I 
fhall think I do a publick Service, by a&rting that 
the reft of my Counfrymen are wholly free koi^ 
learning out of bis Pamphlets to refled on the King 
or his Minifters, or to breed Sedition. 

I fblemnly. declare, that I never once heard the 
lead Reflexion cafi opon the King, on the Subject of 
Mr. Wood\ Coin : r or in many Difconrfes on this 
Matter, I do not remember hfs Maje%*8 Kamcto he 
fo much as mentioned. As to the Kuniftry in h%' 
trnnd^ the only two Perfons hinted at were, the Doke 
o( Grafton^ and ybc.WaMt: The former, as I have 
heard you and an hundred others affirm« declared, 
that he never faw the Patent in Favour of Mr. WoUt 
before it was pafTed, althourii he were then Lord 
Lieutenant : And therefore I lu|^(e every body be* 
lieves, that his Grace hath been vdioHy unconcerned 
in it fince. 

Mk . Walpok was indeed fuppofed tb be underftood 
by the Letter ^. in feveral News-papery ; where itis 
iaid, that fome Exprefiions fell from him not very 
favourable to the Pepple of Ireland ; for the Truth of 
which, the Kingdom is not to anfwer, any more than 


• Takm out $f 4he Drapier'i 4^b Letter^ f(» vfhki tbfhid' 
<r vMi profecutcd i und a ProiUmatian puhlijbtd ogtanji th 
AuthQft offcriK^ 30a L Mnmi fir Hfiwmni bim^ 

LETTER Vr. i6i 

for the Difcretion of the Publifliers. Voo obfervc, 
the Driver wholly elearetb Mr. Walpok of this 
Charge* by very ibrong Arguments i aod fpeaketh of 
hiffl with Civility. I cannot deny myfelf to have 
been often prefent, where the Company gave their O- 
pinion* that Mr. Walpok favoured Mr. Wood\ Pro- 
jed^ which I always contradided ; and for my own 
Part, never once opened my Lips againft that Mini- 
i(er, either in mixt or particnlar Meetings : And my 
Reafon for this Kefervednefs was ; becaufe it pleafed 
him, in the ^seen\ Time (I mean Qjieen Amuij^t' 
▼er Uefled Mcmoiy) to make a Speech dired^ly a«- 

rtnflnte, by^Name* in'theHoufe of Commons* as 
was told a very lew Minutes after* in the Coart of 
^f^ft^t by more than fifty Members. 

But yon, who are ifi a great Station here, (if any 
^hiog here may be called Great) cannot be ignorant* 
that whoever, is anderHood by publick Voice to be 
chief Mioifter* will* among the general Talkers, (hare 
l^e Blame* .whether juflly or no, of every Thing that 
» difliked ; which I could eafily make a^^ear is 
ioaa)cInflaQ£e$* from my own knowledge, while I 
was in the Woddj and panicnlady in the Cafe of 
^ * greateft*. the wifcfl, and the moH u^ncorrupt 
Minifter J ever converfed with. 

,Bt7T* whatever unpleaiing Opinion ibme People 
might conceive, of Mr. IValfole, on account of thofe 
Hal£«pence ; I dare boldly affirm, it was entirely 
owing tQ Mr. Wood. Many Perfons of Credit, come 
fmm England, have afHrmed to me, and others, that 
^'^y have feen Letters under his Hand, full of Ar- 
'Ogance and Infolence towards Mand, andboading 
«>f his Favour, with Mr. Walpole:\ which is highly 
probable: Becaufe he reafonably thought* it. for his 
Intereft to fpread fuch a Report ; and bedanfe it is 
^e known Talent of low and little Spirits, to have a^ 
great Man's Name perpetually in their Mouth?. 

Thus I have fufiiciently ji^fied the People of In^ 
l^i from learnii^ any bad Leilbns out of the Dra* 

P y /"/VrV 

? Sttp^ofei »'he tUrJard Trcafurer Oxford; 

i6a The Dr APiBit*s Letters. 

fi^*s PamphleU, with regard lo his Majefiy and Jas 
Minifters. And, therefore, if thofe Papen werein* 
teodcd to fow Sedition among as» G^i be thanked, 
the Seeds have fallen upon a very improper Soil. 

As to alienating the Affie£Uons of the People of 
EngUmd and Iniiuul from each other ; I believe, the 
Drit^'ir^ whatever his Intentions were, hath left that 
Matter juft as he foond it. 

I have lived long im bodi Kingdoms, as well in 
Country as in Town ; and therefore take myfelf to 
be as well informed as moil Men, in the DifpofitioDS 
of each People towards the other. By the People, I 
anderftand here, only the Bulk of the commoa Ve^ 
pie I and I defire no Lawyer may diftert or extend 
my Meaning. 

There is a Vein oi Indnftry and Parfimony, tkt 
nms through the whole People of Bmgiaudi which 
added to the Eafinei» of their Rents, makes then 
rich and ftordy. As to htUmd^ thi^ know Stdt 
more than th^ do of^ Mtxin \ farther than that it is 
» Country fulnea ta the Ring of Bmgkady fall « 
Boggs, inhabited by wild Irifi P«^^, who are kept 
in Awe by mercenary Trooprfent from thence : Aod 
tiieir general Optnion is, that it w^ better for 
England^ if this whole Ifland were funk into the Se»: 
For, they have a Tradition^ that ovcry Forty Yean 
there moft be a Rebellion in IrtUutd.. 1 have to 
the grofieft Suppofitions pais upon them ; that the 
nfoiUlri/h were taken in Toyls ; but t&at, in A>n)0 
Time, they would grow To tune^ as to eat out of joar 
Hands r I have bee»«a(ked by hundreds, and partico* 
larly by my Neighboiws, yoiiF Tenants, at P^f^ 
bmra ; whether 1 had come ftom hikmd l^ Sea: Aod 
upon the Arrival of an In/Sbman to a Country* town* 
I have known Crowds coming about- him, and won- 
dering to fee him look fo muoh better than them* 

A Gentleman now in DkUm affirms, tliat fa&H 
Ibme Months ago duroogh Nortlkni^t9»r snd ixi&^ 

die whole Town in a finny, with Bells, Bonefii^; 



and Ulnniinations ; u^on aiking' ^rCMifeV- wai toicU * 
k was for Joy, that the /r^^ haiUubmitced'to^receivc - 
Jf^ood's Half-pence. This^ 1 tliiiik» pkihly .ibcMtit 
what Sentiments that^iafge Town, hath- of iu9f' and 
bow little they made it their own Cafe ; althongh 
they ly diredly in our Way to -LonAn ; and there* 
fore, cannot.bat be-frequendy convinced that ytt faa^ 
haman Shapes. 

As to the People 'of diis Kiagdbin»< they conlift ei- 
ther of Irifilf Pafi^s ; who are as inoottiiderable« ■ in 
Point of Power, . as the Wosaen and Children ; or* tf 
EngUjh ProtiftimU,'* wha love their Brethren of th4t 
Kingdom ; althooghv they* may. ppffiblv fomctias^i 
complain, when they think: diey. are hardly ofed : 
However, I confei^, .• I do no^ ie& any great Confe- 
quence, how their perfcmal Affedkions ftand to oach 
other, while the Sea. divides (hem^ and while^tho^ 
continue in their Loyalty to the fame Princet And 
yet, I will appeal to you rwhetber thofe from EngUmi 
have Reafon to complain, when they como hither in 
Furfuit of their Eortooes \ Or, whether the People of 
Jtreiand haxrerEeaibn to-boail, when they go to Eng" 
land on the. fame Deii^^. 

My fecond Proportion was; that^e oi Ireland are 
ft. free People: 1 hts,«I fnppofe, you will aUow; at 
leaft, with certain loiiutatiops remaining in yoer own 
Bxeaft. However, 1 am fnre it is noc^ criminal to 
affirm ; becanfe the Words Xii#«n(r and Pr^fgrty,- as 
applied ^ the Subj^ ; are often mentioned in both 
Hoofes of Parliament, as well as in yoors, and other 
Courts below ; front whence-it muft follow,, that the 
People of IreUmd do» on 9ught to enjoy all the Bene- 
fits of the Common and. Statute Law ; fech as to be 
tried by Juries, to pay no Moniy without their own 
Confent, as reprefented in Parliament; and the like. 
If this be lb, and if it be oniverfally agreed, that 
It freePeople cannot, by Law, be compeSed to take 
^v Money' in Payment*, exoept Gold and Silver-; 
1 dp not fee how^ any Man ihould be hindered firoBi 
cautioiung his Countrymen againft this Coiaof ^«^ 


, 104 7^ Drxpxsk's Littbks. 

ifM Wmdi who tt endettroomg bjr Fraud to lob or 
of liMt Pfoper^r which di« Li^s have fecured. If 
i MB miftakciiy and diafc thit Copper aok be obtrude 
«n iis»>I'Woald«pat the Drm^^i Cafe in anodier 
Light, by^feMkiia^ that a Pecibn going iiiiM> his 
Shop, ihoukl agree k» Thirty ShilGngs wordi of 
Goods,. Mid feroB die Seller to take his Payment in a 
Parcel of Copper*pieces, intriniicalljr not worth above 
a Crown: I^defoe to know, wiiecher the Draper 
Wocdd not adaallv be cobbed of^Fiye and twenty SihiK 
BngB, and how nr he coiM be faid to be MaAer of 
k» Propertf ? The iame-Qoeftion may be applied to 
Itenti and Debts, on Bond or Mor^age^ and to ii\ 
Kind of Cofnmerce whatever. 

Gi^va me Leave to do what the Drapier hadi done 
note thaft once before me ; which is, to relate the 
ssdced Faa, as it ftandeth in the View of the World. 

Ore mmam Wt^J, £iq;. and Hard-warsmaa, 
obtaineth, by Fraud, a latent in Englaud^ tt> cdn 

• io8,ooo7> in Copper, to pa£i in Av/mid; leaving us 
Liberty to take, or to^ relufe. The Peot^ here, in all 
Sorts of Bodies and Repreient^tives, do openly and 
heartily declare, that they will not accept his Coin r 
To ju^fy theie Declarations, they generally o&st two 
Reaibns^ firft, becaufe hy the Words oC the Pirtent, 
ithcy are left to tlietr own Choke ; and» iecondly, be^ 
caulethey are not obliged by Law : So that hereyoa 
fee. there is, BMtm atfu^ ^rtin, a Kingdom on one 
.Side, and ffi/liam W^od on the other. Afki if Mr. 
W^od gets the ViAory, at the Expenoe of Ir^imidh 
Ruin, and the. Profit of One or two hundred' diou- 
fend Pounds (I mean by coftf&naing, and co«lnterfei^ 
ing as lens as he livteth) for hitnfelf ; I ^ubt, both 
prefent and future Ages wiH, at leaft, think it a ve^ 
Angular S^me. 

* If Ithis Faa be tr^y tiattd; I mall confefs, I 
look upon it as my Duty, fo fer »5 God hath enabled 
ne, and as long' a^ \ keep widiin the Boonda tf 
Tnfth>.' of Duty, and of Decency, to warn my Fd- 
Iow-fiibjeas> as ^ey value their King, their Coontfy, 



and aU that ought or can be dear to them, never to 
admit this pemidoua Coin ; no not fb much as one 
iingle Half-penny. For if one fmglc Thief forces the 
Boor, it. is vain to talk of keeping out the whde 
Crew behind. 

And, while Lihall be thus employed, I will never 
^ve myielf Leave to fuppofe, that what I fay can 
either ofiend my. * Lord Litutenant ; whofe Perfoii 
and great Qualities I have always highly refpefted;. 
(as I am fure his Excellency will be my Witnefs) or 
the Minifters in England, with whom I have nothing 
to do, or they with. me i much lefs the P,rt<vy Council 
here; who,, a&I am informed, did. fend an AddreA 
to his Maiofty againft Mr. Wood'^ Coin ; which if it 
be a Miftake, I deiire I. may not be accuied for a 
Spreader of falfe News : But I confefs, I am fo great 
a Strauger to Aiffairs, that for any thing I know, the 
ivhole Body, of th& Council may fince have been 
S^g^ : And, although I obferve fiNoe of the veqr 
lame Names in a late Declaration againft that Coin, 
which I faw fubfcribed to the Froc&mation againft. 
the Drapier ; yet polfibly they may be dilierent Pel- 
^08; toT they are utterly unknown to me^ and ana 
like to contioae fo, v 

In dus Controverfy, where die Reafoners on eaidi 
Side are-divided by St. Georges Channel, his Majefty-s 
Prero^tive, perhaps, would not have been mendoft- 
fd i if Mr. Woody and his Advocates, had not nude 
It neceflaiy, by giving out, ^at tbe.Guneacy of hb 
^oin (hould hp enforced by a Picodamabon. The 
Tiadcrs and common People of the Kingdom» weae 
heartily^ willing to refiife dns.Coin; but the Fear ofli 
"oclamatioB brought jjong with it moft dreadful Ap- 
Pfchenfions. It . was therefore abfolutdy necefiary wr 
the Drapier to. remove this Diffieul^fi.and accov- 
^^i^gly, in one of his former Pamphlets* hc^-hath pro- 
doced invincible AreumentSt ( wherc-ever he pid^ed 
^cm up) that the ^Ung's Preiogatiire was not at aU 



y66 The DrAPIE&'s LETTEHSr 

concerned in the Matter ; fince the Law had fnffi' 
ciently provided itgainft any Coin to be impoCednpon 
Che Sttbje^ except Gold and Silver ; and that Copper 
is not Money, but as it hath- been properly called 
Nummorum Famulus, 

The three former Letters from the ^mfiewy having 

not received any poblick Centre, Hook npoa them^ 

to be withoot Exception ; and that the good People 

.« of this Kingdom ought to read them ofm, in order 

to keep up that Spirit raifed againft this deftm^ive 

Coin of Mr. WmI: As for.this laft Letter, agaioft 

which a Proclamation is iffned; I Oudl oidyiayi that 

I oottid wifti it were flrijpped of all that can be any 

^way exce;>tionabfe ; which I would not tiihik'^ it below 

'me to undertake, if lay Abthties were equals ^ 

being naturally ibmewhait (low of Comprehenfion, 

"110 Lawyer, and apt to believe the beft of Aoie who 

profeis good Deigns, wititout any v^bk Motive 

either of Profit or Honour i I might pore for ever, 

•wtthost diftingofflung ^e God^ Ikom the Com. 

' That which, I am toM, givelh greateft Offence in 

-ibis laft Letter;, is whef« the Drafter affirms ; ^^^ 

4it.BiebrUmi ihoiikl pmwe :i»4iicc«fklb^ . as; to ix the 

Fretemkr on the Throne of EnglaiUy he woold ^• 

tve fa far to tranfgrefs the hiffi Statute, (whidi vsm 

Jrdeatd to- Ef^land imder one King) aa toJofe eveiy 

]>i*9p of hii Btoody to^hindn.him from being King 

'Jo£ ^LreiatuL 

i i<h&il"not ntfttme t» vindicate any Ma^f ^°^ 
ispenly dednreth h^ would traA%k«6 a Statute i ^ 
a.Statotcof iiich. Importance ; Btti^ wtdi ^^ 
lliBsiUe'Sabnfiffion, jind« Befiraof Pardon for a tery 
itmocenrMillttke,.. I.ihoald be apt to. think that the 
loyal Intention of the Writer, might be at kaft w®c 
finall Extennatibnof his Crime.: For in tMs Icon»^^^ 
nyfdf . ta. think, with the Driver . 

T:havte not- been hitherto told o^: any Gtker-^ 

^jl^ons agaiifft' that<Paniph|et r bol, I fnp^fs m 

i«ril[ all appear at the Profecution of the Draff^ 

And,,, Lthinkt . whoever inhia. own Confcie»cc J^' 


lieres die faid Pamphlet to l>e wickeii and malicious^ 
ftHthut and /amdalous, highly refieSing upon his Ma* 
jtfy and his hBmifterSy &c. woald do well to difcover 
the AatfaoXy^ (as little a Friend as I am to the Trade 
of In£»mers) although the Reward of 300/. had 
&ot been tacked to the DHcoyery . I own, it would 
be a great Satis£i£Upn to me, to hear the Arguments 
not only of Judges, but of Lawyers, upon this Caie. 
Becanfe you cannot but know, there often happen 
Occafions, wherein it would be very convenient, that 
the £uJk of the People ihould be informed how they 
ought to condud themfelves ; and therefore, it hath 
been the Wifdom of the Englijh Parliaments, to be 
very rcferv«d in limiting the Prefs. When a BHl is 
debating in either Hou(e of Parliament there, notjiing 
is more ufual, than to have the Controverfy handled 
by Pamphlets on both Sides; without the leaft Ani« 
madvcriiwi upon the Authors. 

So here, tn theCafe^of Mr. /TW and his Ccnn; 
fince the two Hoafes gave their Opinion by Addref- 
fes, how dangerous the Currency of that Copper 
would be to Ireland^ it was, without all Queftion, 
both lawful and convenient, that the Bulk of the 
People fhould be' let more particularly into ^ the Na* 
tare of the Danger they were in, .and oi the-Reme- 
dies that were in their own Power, if they would 
bave the Senile to apply fliem ; and this- cannot be 
roore conveniently. done, than by patticular Perfdns, 
to whom God hath «ven -Zeal and Undcrftaxldine 
jafficient for fuch an Undertaking. HThus it happened 
in the Cafe of that deftrufUve ProjeA for a Bank in 
^rtland^ which was brought -into Parlhment a fcw 
Years ago ; and k was allowed, that the Arguments 
^d Writings- of ibme without Doors, contributed ve- 
'y much to rcjea it. 

^ow, I ihould be heartily glad if fome able Law^ 
yen would prefcribe the Limits, how far. a private 
Man may venture in delivering his Thoughts upon 
(Bblick Matters: Becaufe a true Lover of his Coun- 
^> may think it hard to be a quiet Stander-by and 


i68 The Drapier'sXetters. 

an indolent Looker on, wliile a pablick Enror pre» 
vaileth ; by which a whole - Nation may be rained. 
Eveiy Maa wha enjoyeth^Property, hath feme Share 
in the Publidc ; 4iiid yiereAce, ^^e Care of the Pa- 
blick is, in fome Degree, every fiGl& Man*s Concern. 

To come to Particolars, I coold wvfli to know, whe- 
dier it be utterly 4ulawf«l in any Wnter fe^moch as 
to mention the-Prerogative ; at leaft ib iar as to bring 
it into Doubt, qpon any Point vHiatever : I know 
it is often debated in IVefimnfier Hailt and Sir Ei- 
tward Cokii as well as other eminent Lawyers, do fre- 
quently handle, that Si]^je6^ in their Bodes. 

SECONOLYy^Hew far the Prerogative extendedito 
force Coin upon the Subject, which is not Sterliog; 
(uch as Leady Brafs, Copper, mixt JVf etal, SJieia. 
Leather, or any other Material ; . and fix upon it 
whatever Denomination the Qrwrn, fhall think £t 

Thirdly, What is really and-.«ruly meant by that 
Phrafe of a depending Kingdim^ as applied to Lrelaad', 
and wherein that Dependency confifteth ? 
/ Lastly, In what Points relatmg to Uhertj^^ 
Property t the People of Ireland d^r, or at leaft 0i(^^/ 
to differ, from thofe of England f 

If thefe Particulars were made f<5 dear, that none 
could miftake them, it would be of iaiinite Eafe and 
Ufe to theJCingdom; and either prevent orfileoce 
all Difcontents. 

'My Lonl Smuts^ rthe greateft Man I ever kne«r 
of .your Robe; and wkofe Thoughts of IreUad^* 
&red as far as Heaven aAd £arth, irom thole of ibme 
others among his Brethren here; lamented tome, 
that the Prerogative of the Crown, or die Privileges 
of Parliament, fhould ever be liaUe to Difpote, in 
any fingle Branch of either ; by which means he faid, 
the Publick often fuffered great Infconveniendes; 
whereof he gave me feveral Inftancds. I produce the 
Authority of fo eminent a Perfon, to juftify my De*. 
£res, that iome high Points might be cleared. 

For want of fuch known Afcertainment, how far 
a Writer may proceed in exprefiing his good WjAe* 


6r his CoonCff ; aPeribn of the mod innocent Inten- - 
tions, may po^libly, by the Oratory and Comments of 
Lzwyers, be charged with many Crimes, which from 
his very Soul he abhome^ ; ana confequently may be 
rained in hii Fortnnes, and left to rot among Thieves 
in fome ftlnidng Jail ; merely for miftakine the Pur- 
lieus of the Law. I hare hniown, in my Life-time» 
a Printer profecuted and convided, for pabliihing a 
*P^phlet; where the Aathor*s Intentiotis, I am con- 
£dent« were a3 good and' innocent ais thofe of a Mar- 
tyr at his laft Prayers. Ididveiy lately, as I thought 
itiny Daty, preach to Ae People un<ier my InfpeSi-^ 
on, npoii the Sabjeft of Mr. /TW^s Coin; and al- 
though I never heard that my Sermon gave the leaH. 
Ofence, as I am fnre none was intended ; yet, if it 
were now printed and publiihed, I cannot fay, I woald 
infure it from the Hands of the common Hang-man ; 
or my own Perfon from thofe of a Meflenger. 

I have heard the late Chief Tuftic^ HoU affirm, that, 
in all aiminal Cafes, the moft favourable Interpreta- 
tion ihoold'be put upon Words, that they can poflibly, 
bear. You meet the fame Pofition aflerted in ip^hy 
Trials, for the greateft Crimes; although often very ilt 
pradlifed, by the perpetual Corruption of Judges. 
And, I remeitiber, at a Trial in Ktnt, where Sir 
Oeorge RooJt wsiS indidled for calling a Gentleman 
KnaviB and Villain ; the Lawyer for the Defendant. 
brought dfF hii Client, byalliedging, that the Words 
were not injiiribus; for, £nave in tht^ old and true 
Signification, imported only a Servant ; and Fi/lain m 
Latin, is Fillicus ; which is no more than a Man em-^ 
ployed in Country Labour ; or rather a Baily. 

If ^itjobn ^o/z^s Opinion were a Standard Maxim* 
for all Times and CircumiSances^ any Writer, wi^h a' 
very fmail Meafure of Difcrctioh, might ea!iily be fefe i^ 
but, I dbii^t, in Prance it hath' been frequently cQii- 

Vol. IV. ' CL " ^ trouW 

*^ A Propolal for the univerAl Uie of Irijb jNi^gufu^Wres,. 
fifnuctthy tU ^uilor^ 

1 70 The Da APIBR*S LETfTERS. 

trouled, at leafl befbro his Time ; . lor I take iMo be 
«A old Rule in Law. 

I have read, or heard* a Paiflaee 6( Signior L^ti, an 
Italian ; who beii^g in London, bufying himfelf with 
writing the Hiflory ofjEngiandy told King Charles the 
II. that he endeavoured 4s much aa he could to avoid 
giving Ofience,. but found It a Thing impoiUble; 
idthough he (hoiild have been as wife as Solotaon: The 
Ring anfwered, that if this -were the Cafe, he had 
better employ his Time in writing. Proverbs as ^ols- 
mon^xA wBut tati lay under nojpublick Necei&tyof 
Writing ; neither would England have been one Half- 
penny the -better, or tlie worie, whether he writ or no. 

This I mention, becaufe.rknow it. will readily be 
obje£led j what have private Men to dp wit^ the Fu- 
blick? ^Vhat Call had a Drapier to turn Politician, iQ 
meddle'in Matters of State ? Would not his Time have 
been better employed in looking to his Shop ; or his 
Pea in writing Proverbs* ' Elegies, Ballads, Garlands, 
and Wonders I He would then have been out of ^ 
Dinger of Proclamations, and Profecutions. Have we 
not able Magiflrates and Counfellors, hourly watching 
over the Publick-weal ? All this may be true : And 
yet when the AddrefTes from both Houfes of Parlia- 
inent, againft Mr. (flood's Half-pcince, failed of Snc- 
cefs ; if^ibxne Pen had not been employed to inform 
the People how far they might legally proceed, in re- 
6ifmg th^tCoih, to deted' the Fraud^ the Artifice, 
and Infolence of the Coiner ; and to lay open the 
ihoft ruinous Confequences:to the whole Kingdom,- 
which would inevitably follow from the Currency of 
the faid Coin; 1 might appeal to many Hundred 
thoufand People, whether any one of them would ever 
Kave'had the Courage or Sagacity to refufe it. 

If. thfe Copper (hodld begin to make its Way among 
the comindn, ignorM^tjpgople^ we are inevitably un- 
done ; it 1$ they wiioJ^|j|jis*'the great^ft Apprehcn- 
fiori, being eafily frightl^^d greedy to fwalldw Mif- 
informations : For, if ^svyMsin were >vife enough 
toiix»lerflan^ his own inter^, which is every Mans 



principal Study, there would be no need of Pamphlets 
upon this Occafion. But, as Things ftand, I havtf 
thought It abfolutely neccflary, from my Duty to 
God, my King, and my Country, to inform the Peo- 
ple, that the Proclamation lately iffued againft the 
Dra^rer, doth not in the Icaft affeft the Cafe of Mr. 
^W and his Coin ; but only refers to certain Para- 
graphs- in the Df'apier's laft Pamphlet, (not immediate- 
ly relating to his Subje^ nor at all to the Merits of 
the Caufe), which the Government was pleafed to dil- 
Hke; fo that ahy Ma^ has the fame Liberty to rejeft, 
to write, and to declare againd this Coin, which he 
had befoie : Neither is any Man obliged to believe, 
that thofe honourable Perfons (whereof you are the 
firft) who figned that memorable Proclamation againft 
the Drapiir, have at all changed their Opinions ^ith 
J^egard to Mr. IVood, or his Coin. 

Therefor e concluding myfclf to be Aus far upoif 
a fafe and fure Foot, I (hall continue, upon any pro- 
per Occafion, as God enables me, to revive and pre* 
fenre that Spirit raifed in the Nation, (whether the 
^al Author Were a real Drapfer or no, is little to the 
P«T)ofe) againft this horrid Dcfign of Mr. IFood; at 
^e fame time carefully watching every Stroke of my 
Pen, and ventttrimg only to incur the publick Cenfure 
of the World as a Writer j not of my Lord Chief 
Mice Whitjhed^ as a Criminal. Whenever an Order 
^^I come out by Authority, forbidding all Men, upon 
^e higheft Penalties, to offer any thing in Writing or 
l>iicottrre a^nnftMr. Wood*h Half-pence^ I (hall cer- 
tainly fubmit. However, if that fhould happen, I am 
Y^termined to be' fomewhat more than the laft Man 
m the Kingdom to receive them ; becaufe J will never 
receive them at all : For, although I know how to be 
fuent, I have not yet learned to pay active Obedience 
againft my Confcience, and ^e publick Safety. 
. I deiire to put a' Cafe, which I think the Drhpier^ 
in fon^e 6f hid Books, hath put before me \ although^ 
** fo fully as it requireth. 

Qj^ . You 

lya The .Drapier's Lbttirs.. 

Yov kaow the Copper Hitf-pcBCe in EMgltmd\ 
coined by the Publkk ; and every Piece worth pretty 
tolerably near the Value of the Copper. Now, fnp- 
pofe, that, inftead of the pablick Coinage, a Patent had 
been g;ranted to fome private, obfcnre Fei^, lor coio- 
iag a proportionable Quantity of Co]^r in tliat King- 
dom, to what Mr. Ifo^d is piepanng in this ; and 
all of it at leaft five times below nie tatrinfick Vafaie : 
The current Money of Euglaml is reckoned to be 
Twenty millions i and ours under .* Five hundred 
thoufand Pounds : By this Computatioi^ as Mr, W»d 
hath Power to give os 108,000 Pound i fe the Paten* 
tee in EngiaHd^ by the fame Proportion, migkt dr- 
cdate Four millions three huodred and twrenty 
thoufand Pounds j befides as much more by S«ea]^ 
and^onnterfeits : I defire to know from you, whedier 
the Parliament might not have addieiied wpon fnch 
tn Occafion } what 8uccafs tii^ probab^ wonld have 
had i and how many Drafiirs would .haive ciien to 
peiler the World with Pamphlets : ¥et that KingdoB 
would not be fp great a ShAnej^ as oers in the like 
Cafe ; becaufe their Cafli would not be conveyed int» 
foreign Countriesp but ly hid in the Chefts of cau- 
tious, thrifty Men, until better Times. Thcai I dc- 
fire, for t^e Satisfaction of the Puhlick* 4i«t ytm vUl 
pleafe to infoim me n^y this Cemntry is treatted in ib 
very different a Manner, in a Point of fndi Jtigk im- 
portance s whether it he on acconot of Parsnip *9 A& 
fi Subordination, Dependence, or any «dier Teem of 
^t, which I fktiX o^ CQBtet, but am ta^Mlta 

I am xtty fenfible, diat the good or iH Snccefs of 
Mr. Woo4^ will 9iied you kfs than any Pesrfi>n of Con- 
ftquence in the Kingdom ; hncaufe I hear yoa are fo 
prudent as to nutke all yomr 'Pqs!cha6s in Bm^mdi 
and truly fo would I, if I had Monc^, although I were 
to pay a Hwadred Years PoKhafe; hefiaufe I fhoidd be 
glad to po£fa(s a Fiscehdd that co idd not be taken from 


* // is Jincefunk to aoo,ooo U 


ne \}f my Law to-whkh I did ndt give ny own 
Confeot} and whefe I ihoiild never be in Danger of 
Deceiving my Rents ip aiix*d Copper, at the Lofs of 
fixteen dhillings in thd Poond. Yon can live in Eaie 
and PJenty at Pe^r^hdra, in Surrty; and therefore I 
thought it extrem^ generous and pabtick-fpi];ited ia 
70a to be of the Kingdom^s Side m this Difpute, by 
ihewing, widiont Referve, your Qifapfxrobatton of Mr* 
if^epiPs Defign ,* at leaft if you have been ib frank to 
others as yoo^were to> me ; which indeed I could not 
bat wonder at; oonfidering how much we differ in 
other Points ; and tberdfore I coold get but lew Be- 
iievers> when I attempted to)aftify you in this Arti* 
de Bnm your ewa Words. 

I woulid hnml^ offer ^hother Thonght, which I 
do not remember to have fallen under the Drafier'% 
ObfenratioD. If tkefe Half-peace ihoold once gain 
Admittance ; it. is agreed, that in no long Space of 
'^ime, what by thedandefliiie Prances of the Coiner». 
what bv his own Counterfeits, and diofe of others^ 
either ftom abroad or at home, his limited Quantity 
would be trebled upon us, until there would not be 
a Grain of Gold or Silver vifible in the Nation. This, 
in my Opinion, would lay a heavy Charge upon the 
Crown, by creating a Neceffity of tran{inittin| Money 
from Engiwid to pay the Salaries at leaft of the prin- 
cipal Civil Officers : for I do not conceive how a 
Jodge (forlnllance) could fapport bisl^gnity witha 
Thottfand Pounds a^^year vaWifd^ Coin ^ wHichwouIcI 
iiot intrinfically be worth near Two hmidred. To 
argue that thefe Half- pence, if no> other Coin wer« 
Carres^ woc^ anfwer the general Ends of Commerce 
sunoiigonrielves,.isa neat Miftake; and the Dm*^ 
tier hath made that N&tter too dear to admit an An^* 
iwer ; by ihewing ns what : every Owner of. Land 
muft be forced to do vtathtlie Prodo&s of it in ^h n. 
DiHrefs. > You may read^his Remarks at Jarge in- his 
fecond or third L^r ; to wdnch I refer yob* 

Before i conclude, I cannot hut obferve, that for 
^«v^ral Months paft, there have more Papers been 

Qj wrtttca 

174 ^< DftATftifi tzT'tns, 

votteft in Ak T#««ii» iiidiiithcf aic^ aBfipqpltfe 
koft pvblidc FiiacipU, tke Lo^« ^ ow Cmmtrf , t^ 
^hiwft ImA bcok JUMwm ia anji «tk«r Nuiom asd 
!• & uDit aXime ; Ifpeak in. toMnl liom the Drt^^ 
/lir down to die M«kor of BM^dsi and illi«Hiu»t 
any lU^gasd lo ilia waninon Mocavea of Wrlcers; 
which are Pio£t» Favoor^ aad ftepotatioB. Asio 

Ballad apon hfr. JTW wiU notyieM ab<»vMGf«t«> 
tbe. Ambor^ and tka aaftrtaaate A df t aK w er iUi»irr 
dechottk he never made-the JQ^i^^a^^tPjefint, ex- 
c^ one Pair af Scifius. »i» lo Fayoac, whoev^ 
thiaketh ta make his Coartby oppafiag Mr. W^d'yi 
not very deep in Politicks. Aad as- ao Arpatstiav 
irKainly nnMan of Wocth andiieaniifiKy wMdeifl- 
|Jcy his Pen upon fi> traafitory %. Sabye^ and » ^ 
obfeure a Ccner of tibe Wvaict -«» diftin«lh|u!Dfelf 
as an Attdior. Sothat I lookfqpa&aiyfelf, tkei)^- 
j^« and iny na m ero n s Ihi e tfaian» toihe dLl tnw Pttn* 
gis in owfevcral De|reas. 

Auj. that the P^iUick oMi ezpe£l far the ibtnie, » 
only to be fiometiflies warned to beware of hfr, Wsaii 
Half-pence i and refer them for Gonvidioa to the 
DrafMr'B Reaibas. For^ a Man of the suft ^xfior 
Vndodanding, wiU finditimpoffiUe to make thebeft 
Ufa of k, wiSehewiiiethinCDnfiraiat; pccpetaaOf 
lbftening» oorreAii^, or bloitmg ootBjqneffions, fos 
Fear of bnngiag his J^iafier» or^htBdeUv vnder s FrO" 
lkmwn.faomniy.LQBl €3uc£ Ji^b^ ^ 

calls to my RemaBibTaace the lladwaan in Doa ^' 
990^ who heingibandly bealeni>y a Weaver for lemn^ 
a Stone (whsck he always oaroed on huShoiditev)^ 
apon a Spaaiel, apydrtnded that enoy Caf^k a^t 
waa of the iame ^sdes.. 

Fda iMe Reaions»- I am conrincad, diacwhatj 
have now wntten will appear law and iafipid ; bntu 
jt^contabnaedi, tii ihc huSk^ to piefesne that Ikaoa^- 
aaong us ibr opfMfisg tUs final PrajKa ofAfe J^^ 
aiy nm witt not be atoi^thcc le^ 



I fent thefePapors to sn emiftent Lawyer (and 
yet a Man of Virtue and Leaniing into the Bargain) 
whOy after many Alteiations returned them back, witb 
afiuriDg me, that they are perfc^y innocent ;^ widiont 
the leafl Mixture of Treafon* RebeUion, Sedition^ 
Malice, Difa^dion^ Reflexion, or wicked Infintta* 
tion whatever. 

If the BiU-mait of eaChf P^Hh, «» ]he gofe^h h\% 
Circuit, wouid cfy^t» -every >fight, f*«y^ ^ivd^e o* 
Clock : Beware' cfWood^s Half-fence ; it would pro* 
bably cut .off the Occafipn for pnblifiiing any more 
Pamphlets; provided that in Coutitry Towns it were 
<ioQe upon Market-days. For my own Part, as foon 
as it ihall be determined, that itis not ^ainft Law^ 
^'will begin the Eacperinientito the Liberty of St. Ptt^ 
irick\ ; and hope my Example may be followed in 
the whole GiQr, But if Authority, fhall think fit to 
forbid all Wrkipgs, or Difboorfes vpon this Subjedl^ 
except fuch as are in Favour of Mr. IVood, I will o- 
bey as it becooieth me s only when I am in Danger 
of burfting, I yf\S[ go and whifper among the Reeds, 
»ot any Reflection upon the Wifdom of my Country-^ 
men ; but only thefe few Words, B E WAR M 0» 
ifQOD\ HjilF'PENCE. 

J am, 

nmth ^ Realty 
your ptoft- obedient^ 
timbk Sermantf. 

Deanery.ftoufe, " 
0^. 26. 1724, 


* *f . « «. 

. . ' " 


« • « « • • » " 


■ f 

• T OB T H 

Houfes of Parliament. 

" By M. b1 <Drij//#r. 

• , . ♦ .J • - < 

Writ !>cfore the Lord Carteret came over, anl 
' foon after the Drapier's fourth Letter. 

Mult a ginum ignominiam plagafyi /uperbi 

I HAVE been told, that Petitiom and JM^f 
either to King or Parliament, are the Right ^ 
every Subjed; provided they confiib with thatRe- 
fpedly which is due to Princes and great AfXemblie$> 
Neither do I remember, that the modeft Proprfais, or 
Opinions of private Men, have been ill received, 
when they have not been delivered in the S^le of 
Admce\ which is a Prefumption far from my 
Thoaghts. However, if ^rc^^/r ihould be looked 
upon as too a^Tuming \ yet I hope every Man may be 
mffered to declare lus own and the Nation^s WifK^^ 

LETTER Vn. 177 

For Indanoe ; I tasty be allowed to «c^» that fcae 
further Laws were eaa^d for the AdvaiiceoMnt -of 
fradei B»r the IinpfV)Vfiiieiit of Ap^kuliurei^ HOW 
ftraogely negleded, (^aiitft the Maxim».of aUiviie 
Nactons ; for fepplyiiig the manjfeil Ddk&i io.thtf 
A^ eonceming Plantation of Treeaf feriettiAg the 
Poor 10 Work, and many others. 

Upon this Principle I may ventnse toaffirm, it ia 
the hearty ^j^ of the yvbole Nation, very few ex- 
cepted, that the Parlianaent in this Seffion wonUi, 
htgin hy fbri^y examining into the deteilable Fraud 
fiioxitlViibitmWood^ now or late of £m^, Uard«* 
ware^man; who iliegMy zxt^doMltftimfy^ aa appear^ 
ethbyyour awn \^>tea and Addreifes, .prbciinsd » 
Patent in Et^imai^ ibr coining Half^pence in tfaat 
Kingdom, to he cnnterhare. Tjus» I'^a^t » the 
^ifif of the whole Nation, ntny fnu-^Maftai ; anA 
npon acconnt of thofe /rw, is more .&'ongly <anS 
Hly the mijl>^fi£iiht raft : .Tfaoibyifwi eonfiftingei^Boir 
of Wood^^ Confedeiaan, fome obfcone Taa<&fmen« 
er ceitain iKdd UNDERTAKERS^ of weak Jnd^- 
laeat, and flnmsg Ambition j whoKthink todGuid theie 
Accoimts in die Rnin of the i^atton, i)y jfeoucing ot 
advancing them^ives. And, .becaoGs inch M^n pn>» 
c^ npon a SyiteuL Of Politicks, to which I moold 
iain hsfe yon wffl Joe afaiexy setter Stcangecs 4 1 ihalt 
hombly iay.ii:.3)efi»e yon, 

Bs pkflt&d to, fuppoie me. in a Station oTEiftsen 
hondr^ BoMseids m Vlear, Salary and Ferqnifitea ; an4 
hkewije poffiriobof ifiooLiL a %ar, nal Eftate. Thcai 
^pofe a deftrnaive Projea be on Foot:; iedi foa 
^nflbinoe, as this ofiTe^^; which if it fncoeed« in aU 
^e Confeqnaiices naturally to be ezpe6ked from it, 
^ttft iinJc the Rents »ul Wealth of the Kingdom one 
Half, (idthoagh' I am confident, it.woold have done 
K> fiveSixi^s). Snppofe, Iconceiive, that the af^u^ 
*^<^%« or privately fupp^rting this Piiejedfc, will 

^sc^id. Nothing then remaineth, bat to compute 
md bal^mcemy -Gain and my Lo&, a|ld:faB]L^ttp die 


178 The DltAPt£R*S,L£TTBR5. 

whole. I fappofe that I fiiall keep my Employment 
ten Yeers (not to mentioiv the fair Chance of a bet- 
ter). This at 1500/. a Year amounts, in- ten Years, 
eo i5,ooo/.« My Eftafie, by the Saccefs of the (xlA 
Proje^» iinks 400 /. a Year ; wMch at 20 Years Por- 
chaie, is init 8000 /. fo that I am a clear Gainer of 
7000/. upon the Balance. And^nring all^thatPe- 
liod, I am poiTefiM of Prcf«r and Credit, can* gratify 
my Finfourites, and take Vengeance of my EMtiifs. 
Aad if the ProjeS mifcarry, my private AfrrriisftiU 
entire. This Jrithmitick^ as horrible as it appeareth, 
I htnMngfy aiirm' to have been pra£H(ed, and applied 
in Conjuii^uies, whoKoa depended the Ruin orSafify 
•fa Nation: Althoogh, probably the Charity and 
Virtue of a 5mm/#, wp hardly be tndoced to believe 
that there can. be fuchMbiiflen aox>ng M^kind. 
And yet, the wife LordBoMt mentioneSi a^rtof 
People» (I donbt the Race is not yet extiad) wlio 
would fit a HMfi Mr Fin, . for the Convenience of 
roailing their own Bees, at the Flame. 
• But whoever is oM cinonghto remember^ andbaA 
turned his Thoopkts to obferve the Conrie of fobtick 
Ailjdis in this Kmgdom, from the Time of theiZivf- 
htimir moft acknowledge, that the hizheft Pomts of 
lotereft and Liberty, . have been often lacrificed to tbe 
Avarice and Ambition of poidcular Perfons, upon the 
very Principles and Aritbnutick that I have foppoied: 
The onI)F Wonder is how thefe Artifts wereabk to 
juev^ili upon Numbers ; and inflDenoe.even poblick 
Ailemhlies to become Inffaruments f<lr tSMasD% tiieir 
execrabie I>eiigtt9. 

\tA%, I think, in all Confeience, LmHtude enongh 
for Fid, if a Man ia St^ion be allowed to ad W' 
itice, upon the ufiuil Principles of gitting a Bri^t 
mvMMtg hh.MahUf /erring Ms Party^ or coiifubi'i 
kU Prtjtrmm^ ; while his.Wickednefs terminttedi ^ 
the Ruin only of pofiicukr Perfons. But todeliverop 
our a<i^^ Country, and tvery living Soul wiio>n^', to certain Deftoo^ion; hath not, -as I remem* 
\Ktt been the moft favourable Capf^ 

I>£TT«R Vn. 179 

nthc Siii of Comtffio9. Itwer« £ir better» that 

all wholuve liad the MsfortuM to be born in this 
£ii^dom» Iho!oldi)e rendered incapable of holding 
any Employinent Mrhatever, ^bove the Degree of a 
Conjtable^ (according tt) the Scheme and Intention of 
a * great Minifter gone io hit.otwn PUui) than to live 
under the daily Apprehen£on of a {twfal/e Brethren 
among ourfelves. JBecaufe, in the former Cafe we 
ibouldbe wholly free, from the Dangtt* of being be* 
trayed; £apice nonecoukl r>&Mr>have Impudence enough 
to /r^/^^ ^py . pbii<;k Good. 

It is p:ue, .that. in this .4e^rate Affair of the neyir 
Halfrfence^ I hsiy^ n.ot ^e^ird of any Man above my 
own Degree of a Shop-keeper, to have been hitherto 
JO bold, as> ija (Urea lertm, to vindicate the fatal Pro- 
jed; although Xhave been told of fome v&y mollify 
^H E^^onj^ which were ufed, ap4 ^ery fentle Exfe^ 
^WxpropoCed anfl hand^ .about» .when itiii;ft.Game 
under t)cbate :. But/fince the Eyes of thjc-Pepplehave 
been lo ^openeajt^that the moil ignorant can plainly 
lee their oiy'n Ripn^: in the Succefs of W9od'% Attempt, 
^efc GRAND COMPOUNDERS have been ihore 
cautious. ' . . "^ 

BvT that the fame Spirit ftill fubfifls, hath >mani« 
feiUy appeared (an^ong othel; Inftances of great Com- 
pliance) fpoqi cerjt/un Qircimjiamesj that have attended 
feme /o/tfj Brtff^ngs in a \ Cot^t ^of Judicature: 
There,i& notify cbinmon>-place.n}ore fijequently in- 
liited on» by , uiofe who treat of our Con^itutioiv 
^an the great Happinefs and Excellency of Trials by 
jmes ; yet if thisblefied Part of our be eludible 
at pleafure, by the Foi*ce ofPtrwer^ Frowns and Artifice \ 
We IhaU have little Reafon to .boail of our Advantage, 
ui this Particular, over other Spates or Kingdoms ia 

."'^^^ ;^nd furcly, thefe /fe^)^ Proceedings^ exer- 
^^ed in a Poiiitihat f*o, nearly 'concerned ih\& Life-Blood 
0* the People, their necejfarj Suhfijlen^^ their very^ 

» » « • . ■ 
^T^Uh EmtI of Sandcrlan4. f ^ Chief JtiJHce Whit- 

t89 Thi DRAFiEfifs Letyim. 

#Waiid Rmumtf and even die /i^^ Pmt^ wifl 
not allow any laviMiniUe A^ f e o f wu t; becaafb itwas 
0bTiouB, diaC lb mvtch/kfenikmdaiU Zeal eoaM haye 
no othtr Defign^ or produce aiijr oiber EflGs^thanto 
^am that 5/rf«# ndied' in theNation a^unft diis ac- 
toned Scheme ef ffyUtum Jfhadi aqd his Meittrsi 
to which Sfirit done, we owe and for ever mnftowe 
enr being iitherto preferved, and oof Hopes of beine 
prefenwd fbr die ftimie ; if it can be kept i^, and 
ibontly countenanced hj Tlkf^ wHfe .Memhfia. I 
wifli I could account for nidi'aBenieanc^uponamore 
tbariiJlfie f oundation, ijian d^af of patting oorBiK- 
leftin over Balante iR4th the R^iin orourCoantiy. 
' I remember ibm^ Months ago, when ^ A&ir 
was frefli in DiicouHe, a Perfon nearif allied to 
SOMEBODTi or (»^tlie Hawkers^ odied liia) 
NOBOI>r\ who was thong^t ibiffy cmermi 
went i^outveh^ diligendy among his AcqnkintaBCC, 
10 (hew th« bad Cbn^qnenceHhat ini^ foUoar frm 
tinj pdbUbk Reibhtment to the DiAdvantage of hi) 
jfLLr, Mr. JTood; pirincipally dWd^ng the Danger 
^f all Employments foeing^ diipofed of ihnn f^W 
,One of thefe Emijaries came to me, and urgd the 
£Bime Tofick: I anfwere4» naturally, diat I knew theit 
Was no Offio6 ofaff^ Kind, whicha Man from £t 
Ak*/might not have, if he thought it woith his aik- 
id^ ; and that I Ibbked upon all who liad thrDif^- 
Tanta|e of being borti hc«?; , as only in tHe<3owJi' 
aionof Leajers and Otetmerst Nciwrer couH f fof' 
Hear mentioffing die known Fable of ^eCotto^- 
jnan, who intirated Kis ^ to fly for fear of W^J 
taken by die Enem^i but die A/s refhfed Cbi give 
Kiihftlf that Trouble, and upon a very wife Rcafoa { 
l^ecanfe hecb^d not poflibly chan^ his prefent Ma^ 
fief for a wwr/^; Tht Bnnif codld' not make ten 
fare harder^ heat hifnmrt crwli^y ixor'lbadlmnwtt 
iktt^ier Burdem, 

Upon thefc, and many other Confiderations, Iin«y 
affirm it to be the Wifl!> of the whole Nation, that the 
IWer and Ftivikgesbf ^^W#^tl^&dMarM, ^^' 

LETTER Vn. »8i 

4aMd, aBfticottti^med hy the Legiiktare; and that 
whoeverhjKhbeeR mknih^ly knowli to violate them» 
m^htht fii'imaHi^ by ^uUick C^xrr/ ;' not frbni 
any Hope that fucJi a ilen/ure will amend their fVa-* 
^tt, -or tat thck hter^y (for it may probably ope- 
rate fdti contrary in both) 5 but that the Nation may 
hmrlkmx SnemUs from their Friends, 

I fay not this with 'any Regard or View to my- 
felf; for f write t» great Security;- and aAa rcfolycd 
that none fh^ ifttriitjt my E^bnoe fiirthei^ than '. by 
flwwiog 'their 'Zva/ to^ Mfion/er, ' proficute^ and ctinchmn 
me, for endcfa^ociring tio do my Dttty, in ifei^ng my 
Couotiy : Atid ydt I am cotalcious to myfelf mat I 
never had the Ickflf Intention to refk& on bis Majeffs 
^itijlersy hW ^on'anj^ other Pcrfon; except P^iJh'am 
^ood, whom I ncuther did, nor dbyet conceive to be 
<iitbaPNimbtr, HoWever, fome Would haVe- it, that 
I WENT TOO FAR ; bat X fupoofe^ they will nbw 
allow tkemielves . miftaken . 1 am -lure I mfght eafily 
have GONE ^FURTHER ; and I thiiikt could not 
eafily have. FARED WORSE. And thereFore I was 
no nirther a#e6ted with their Proclamation^ and fub- 
^ueiit Proceedings than a ^ood Clergyujan is with 
the5i»iof the Pe6plc. And as to the ipoor Printer^ 
he is now gohe to appear before a higher, and be- 
fore a RIOHTBOUS Tribunal; 

As myltotcntions^'is^ only to iay before yoor gfeat 
Aficmbliei, the general Wilh^s of the Nation ; ^nd as 
I have -dready declared it our prindparl ifyb that your 
firji Proceediiid wonjd' be- to exaxiiitid inWthe .perni* 
cious Fradd oTlViiliamWood i To I muft add, as the 
oniveiial Oj^ion, that ^Vt'SchnHes of Commutation, 
Compojhion, and the like ExfecRentSf either avowed or 
'^mplied^ wiil' be of the morf pernicious Confeouenccs 
to the PfibJkfe ; agailift th* Dignity of a FREE iCing- 
<J*m ; aiid-]^6ve an ihiCOtiragement to ftiture Adven- 
turers in the fame def^ru^ve Projeds. For, it is i 
Maxim,'"w?hich'no'Maii at pfefent difphtels', that even 
a Conni'&anet to admit One thoafand Pounds in thefe 
HALF-PENCE, wili produce, in Time, the fame 

Woh. IV. R ruinous 

\^2 7if jQrapiXR^Is Ls^'tfEits. 

rnmoas^lEb^y as if f^e; opqidy .qQBl(Niiodte.adBHt a 
Million. Jt were^ ther^for^, , infinitely. moftfafe and 
eligibly;, to ka.YP Thin^ in the douMal mdbiincholy 
^tatf ui^y nee at j>rc(eat, (which,, howeiwr,' Gdd 6)^ 
bidj and trail entirely to the general AverfiOn of oar 
People againil this Coin ; oiing all honeft Endeavoon 
to preferve, continue, and iocreaie that. Arerfioo, 
than (iib/nitito apply thoTe /V//e«/hv«j which wca^, 
ferj^omf.jor ^^dje^i. ^cUticiam^ are, apqn iSkQufljam^ 
aqd in 9^ .Uifeijfei^ fo ready Xf^ ^id^i^mft^t^ , 

In the {malL CompiTa of my reading, (which hov« 
ever, bath^been more extenitve thafv is ufualiipMeDof 
iny.infeaar italiing), I h^ve.obferved thttGr7iwcr« 
have always pceceeded Supplies \ and» if ever GriroaKa 
had a Tide to fuch a Pre-eminence« .it muft be this of 
IVoodi bec^ofe it is x^ot only ^etgreate(l Gfie^aut 
that any Country could fuEer, hQt,^ GrUifo^i ^ k(^ 
a Kind, that, if itihoold take EWe&4 woold malceit 
impofUblefpr as to give any Suppliet at all; eaicept 
an adulterate Coffer ; anlefs a Tax w^re Jiai^ for pay- 
ing the Civil and Military iLifts. and the'/4r^PeniiO0S( 
with real Commodities- inftead of Money; 'wiudi« 
however, might be liable to fom« few Obje^os as 
well as Difficulties : For although the con^itm Sorters 
might be cont^T^t .wit]^ Beef acid Myft^ff, a«d /M 
and MaJty and Leatherj ,yet I am in ippie Doabt u 
to the GeneraUr the CoJemlsp the ntafisf^sPei^Mers, 
the CiiJi I Officers^ anc| others, who all liye iviittg^ 
upon Irijh Pay ; as well a^ t\koi^ fe^ whp Mcide a- 
mong us onlyjbecanfe they cannot help it. 

There isi one Pa^icular, which ;d^oaghIhave 
mentioned more ^than onq^ in. iome fOf my'former Pa- 
- pers, yet I cannot forbear to repeat, and a Jittk edarge 
upon it ; b|qcaufe 1 do ^ot remember to. hv^ leador 
heard of tlielike. in the HiibDr)i|^ any Agfrf^r- Cooo- 
try; neither do I^ eyel: reil^ upop it/wiihpiit>thc Qt- 

A F T £ ji the unai;iunouv .A44l![f l^s -^ .hi^.£ynnQdMs' 
jefly, againfl this Patent . of /^tfo^' -fi^^ h^^iioaies 
of Parliament, which are the Three Eft0u ci the 


EEfTE"R=Vlf ■^' ■ 1^5 

Kingdom; and likrewife anAddrrfs from the Privjr 
Countil, to whom, -under the chief Governors, th^ 
whole Adminiftratron is entrufted ; the Matter is re»- 
ferred to a Committee of Council in LcMthn.* JVooef-, 
and *ia Adherents, afe heard on one Side ; arid a few 
VoknMrs, without any Truft or Direflion from hence, ^ 
on,die6ther. TheQueftiow, (as r'remember) chiefl-^ 
J^ turned upon the Want of Haif-penct in Irelancf: . 
Witnefles are called on theBehalf of Mr. ^W(of what 
Credit f have formerly (hewn) : Upofi the Iffut thfe 
Patent is found good and legal; all his Majefty's Of- 
feers here, (n6i excepting the MiHtary) commanded 
to be aiding andafliftlng to make it.effeftual. The . 
Addreflcs of both Houfes of Parliament; of thePrivy 
Coonci!, and : of 'the City *bf Duhlin t the Declara- 
tions of mpft Counties' and Corporations- through thte 
. Kingdom, arc altogether laid afide, as of no- Weight, 
Goniequcnce', or Confideration whatever:- And the 
whole Kingdom of Ireland nonfuited, . in Default of 
Appearance ; as if it were a private Caufe between 
John Do^w, PJaintiflr, and JVilHam 'RtnJo, Defendanb ^ 

A^iTH great R^pe6l' to thofe*^ honoftrable Perfbns, 
the Committee of Courncil iti'Londofi, I huve not urt- 
derftood them to 'be' our<ywermrs, CounfeUdri; 6x 
J^ies, Neither did 'onrCafft turn at aH upon tHe 
QaefHon, whethei" 'Ireland yiizxA^ Half-feme or no. 
For there is no Doubt, but we do want both Half- 
pence, Gold ind SHverj and we have numberlefs oiYiti 
^anfy, itnd fomc that we are not fo moth as allowed 
to "name; although Iheyare peculiar to this Nation'; 
to whidf no other ^s^ubjeft, whomGod lAth blcfTed 
with Re^tdn and £^at;/, or any Degree of Soil arfd 
Sunfiine } But, for what Demerits on oui* Side, '^1 am^ 
altogether in the Darid. • ' ' ' ' : 

BtJT, I do not remember, that our Want of Half- 
pence was either afHhned or denied' in any of our Afl- 
dreflcs or Declarations, againll thofe of IFo^^: We 
allcdeed, ^^ fraudulent obtaining and executing his 
Patent, the Bafcnefs of his Metal, the pfddigious Sum 
to be canned, wHidh tiii^t b4>' iHCitafed hf SteaTtK ; 

R 2 from 


184 Tie Drapibr's Lbttkrs^ 

from lbrc%n Importation and his own Connterfti^ as 
^ell as thofe a.t koine ; whereb)c we niiift infa^ibly 
tofe all our little Gold and Silver, and all oar poorRc-^ 
mainder of a very Umied^xA difcouragedTazAtx We 
orged) that the Pateat was pafied without die leaftAc- 
i^rence hirhec ; and without Mention of an^ Sicuritf 
' «veQ by Wood, to receive his own Half-pence qpoo 
I)eniand ; bodi which arecootsaiy to all former Pfo^ 
ceedings in the like Cafes.. Thefe„ and many other 
Arguments we ofiered ; hot ftill the Patent went od^ 
and at this I>ay oar Ruin weald have been half com- 
j>leted ; if God, in his Mercy, had not rai£ed an om* 
yerfal DeteiUtion of thefi^ Half^pence, . in the whole 
Kingdom^ wif h a £jBm Refolution never tq iiecdve 
fhein j^QCf we are not imjer.Ob^^tions jto do i) 
hy any JLitw^ either Ht^mim . or Dimiue. 

' But,, in the Name of God^ and of all jMftict vA 

\f*Utj f Avhen the King's Majeily was pleaied that this 

Patent fhpuld pail ; is it not to be underftood^ diathe 

anceivedy belit^id and intended it as a graciQiuA& 

for the Good and Benefit of his Subject, for the Ad- 

van^gc of a gifeat and fruitful Kingdom r^of the^oft 

\ hj^<Jom upon Earth, where na fiand, or V»^t 

. iK^s ever lifted up again^ bimj 4 Kingdom wbefjc 

..the PaiT^gq isj not of three Hour^/co^ Britmn ; sad 

^KuDgdom where Pe^Jfs \f9.Yt lei& ^0<icf r and kfi 

Land, than in Enj^kmd: Can it be denied* or doubted* 

.that his Majelly's Minifters undccftopd andpm|)Owl 

I the fame .^d, rbi Good ofthlt i^aiirn^ whcso diey s4' 

'. vifed the [i\aifipg ^is Patent 2 jCaU: the t^&A of 

Woffd\i^ o^herwiliP ije^arSed.r^tha^n as the.l^^^tnK'^ 

jthc Msfh^Uk^ the Heful-^orkm^^^ $0, prc^pAreJlis-Fui* 

;4iaqe, Ijis f e«©l,:his ^^etaj, mi^jhis 6tai|ips ? .Iflem- 

ploy a Shoe- boy y is it in View t^ihis Advan^ge» orta 

.^ypwn Cony^mence } I mention the Btrfim ofWH- 

. jt^izxKt/^W alone- ;-b6caufe xo- «/3^ appqalis* aadwe 

< are not to*rcafon upon Surmifes\ nei&er would it a* 

' vail, rif th^y.had.a real Foundation. 

, Allow^k^ there/one, (for wecannot do left) that 

■ this Paifiaii, &^ tkft qoiniiDg of Slalfrp^nce, wa^ wholly 


• «- 


intended, by a gracious King, and a tvi/e fuhUck-^i^ 
fiV^^Miniftry, for the Advantage of /r^/aW ; yet 
when the whole Kingdom to a Man, for whofe Good 
the Patent was defigned, . do, upon matnreft Coniide* 
ration, univerfally jdin, in openly declaring, protefl- 
ing, addrefling, petitioning againft thefe Halfpence*, 
as the moft ruinous Projed that ever was iet on Foot^ 
to complete the Slavery and Deflru^ion of a poor in<> 
nocent Country : h ity ^wai it^ can ity or kuill it ever 
be aQueiHon, no( whether fnch a Kingdom, 6r /^/A 
Ham JVoodj (hould be 2t Gainer*; but whether fuch a 
Kingdom ihould ht lAjbolly undone^ deftrhyed, funky di- 
populated, mude 2l Scene of Mi/e/y znd De/i/atton, for 
the Sake oSfFiffiam IVsod? God, of his infinite Mer- 
cy, avert this dreadful Judgment ; and it is our uni^ 
vcrfal l!P^, that God 'would put it into j^e^ar Hearts 
to be bis Inftruments for ib good a Work. 

For myx)wn Part, who am but one Man of obfcure 
Condition, I do (blemnly declare, in the Prefence of 
Almigh^ God, that I will fnffer the moil ignominious 
and torturing Death, rather than fubihit to receive 
this accur/edioin, or /7»y -^//&«-that fhall be Hable to* 
the fame Ohjedlions, antrl they- iball be forced upori, 
me, by a- Law of my vvon Country ; and if that fhall 
ever happen, I will' tranfport myfelf into iome foreign 
Land, and eat the Bread of Fo'vtrtyizmotig difree People. 

Am I. legally puniihable for thefe £xpre£Gons ? Shall 
another Proclamation tffue againft me, becaufe I pre- 
fume to taketny Country's Part againft VViHiam Wood} 
where her iinaiDcftruftion is intended ? But, when- 
cver^mi '(hall pleafe to impofe Silence upon me, I'wiM 
fubmit ; becaufe, I look upon your unanimous toite to 
be the Foice of the Nation ; ahd this 1 have been taught 
and do bclieVe to be, in fome Manner the Vctce'ofGod, 

Tke great Ignominy of a whole Kingdom, lying fo 
long at Merry, under fo mle an AdveHary, is fuch a 
deplorable AVgratration^ that the utmoft Expreffions 
of Shame and Rage, kre too low tofet it forth ;• and. 
therefore,, t ihkll leave-^ it^to receive fuch aRefenN 
ment, as is -worthy of -a Parhamenti.. 

s8& TV D&APXB&'s LsTrsRs. 

I r is likcwiie our aaiverfai ^^, chat his M^jr 
would nanc Liberty to coin Half*pence in this Ring- 
dom« for our own Life ; under fuch Reftridion&as a 
PariiamcBt bert ihall adiriie : Since the Power of coin* 
ing even Gold and Silver, is poileiTed by every fett^ 
Prince abroad; and was al*.vays pradifed by Stotlmd^ 
to the ^tiy Time of the Uuiom ; yet fnrely ScotLndy 
as to Soil» Climate, and Extent, is not, in it&lf, a 
fourth Part the Value of IrelanJi (for Bifhop Buma 
iavs, it is not above a fortieth Part in Value to the reft 
ot Britmn) and with refpe^ to the Profit that 1*|W 
gains from hence, not the forty thoafandth Part Al- 
though I muft confefs, that a Moig in the Eji^ or a 
7h9m in the SiJe, is more dangerous and paiofcd dufr 
a BfoMh or a Sfiif at Diftanct. ^ 

Thb Hiftories of EngUmd^ aod of moft other Coan- 
tries, abound in relating the miferable,. and fometime^ 
theiDoft tragical Effeds, from the Abufesof Cma; b^ 
debafing the Metal, by lefTenine, or enhancing the 
Value upon Occa/tomyXo the publick Lofs; of which. 
we have an Example^ within our own Memory ia 
England^ and another veiy latdy in France, Itisthe 
Undturiji Point of Government^ afFe£ling evei^ Indi* 
Tidual, in thahigbeft Decree. When the Value of 
Money is arbitrary ^ or unfittUd\ no Manican:wellbe 
(hid to have anv Pyopertj^ at a]^; . nor is any .Wound fo 
iuddenly felt, U) hardly tfured, os that leareth fach 
deep and lafting Scars behind it. 

I conceive tms. pooi^ unhappy. Ifland^ to Have a 
Title to ibme Indldgena^ from England i not only up- 
on the Score of ChrifikmUy,. natund Equity^ and tht 
general Rigbti of Mankind'^ but. chiefly oa account of 
that iwemen/e Frefit they receive from os i. withost 
which> that Kingdom would make a very diftrtni 
Figure in Enropey from what it doth at preu;nt.. 

XH E Rents of Land in Ireland, fince they have been 
pflate ib cnormouilycaifed, and fcrewed up,. ^^^ 
computed to about Two millions ; whereof one third' 
Part^atlea(l,.is direfUy tranfmitted to thoTe, whoai^ 
terpetual Abfentees in Engkmdi as I find by a Coo* 
^^ . ■ putatiott 

LETTER Vir. ^ 

fatatu)i\ made wkb the AiMaace of (mralMiulf 
Gentlemeo.. < . 

Tkb other Articles by which we. ^le ahQgeth«r ' 
Iorers,taQd^i^«/a Gainei; ; we foand to amoont 
to almofl; as ipu<;h m^re. X will paly iet down M- 

laj]}^ ilt^e^ of theifk as I €an remember; :ited leave 
diem to the Coniideration of thofe»< who iiftderiUiut 
Accounts better than I, pretend to do.~ 

The •ccAJwud Abieniees^ for fiufioefi, HeaMiM 
•r Diverfion; 

Three Fonrdis of the Revenue of the chief Go* 
▼ernor., donfig lua Abien^^ which is Hfufdly four 
Fifthsofh^ Government.. .,. : 

THawi^))€;Jlkevenu&of tbiiV'^Q^^ i 

Thb numn-jnu Fmjtons paid to Perions in E^^amdi 

^ Tna-Pay ol^the chiefOiBcersof the Army abfent 

ih EngianJ^. which isagr«mt Sum. > ^ ... 

Fou a Commiii'oners of the JSLevenn^, always abfent. 

Civil Emflo^^iMOts vetfy;mii9er<M|i» s^ndjof great 
&come. , . 

T»a v^ Chaj^ of Appeals .t» die Houfe. of 
I^ords, a&dtad\6p)«rtof Ibelegate?*^ . ^ 

Srui^&MTa at the Ixms pf Cgurts^ and thet tw^ Ur 

£iGH.TY thoa&nd Pounds fenc yearly to EjtglMuf^ 
for Coals } whefcofthe prime Cofi is. nothings *and 
therefore, the Profit wholly theirs. 

One^ hundred thoofand, Pounds- paid fevend Yeare^ 

Ki ibr Com fent over, hither irom Et^l^y, th^ 
^. oi Q\jLx Qv^Jik grsat Wifdomvck difcouraging A^U 

Tuj| kjnd L^bcr^ granted os of weai^ng Indiam 
Stuffs, iMid Calicoes, to. gratify the Vanity and Folly 
of our Women ;. which, beiide the Profit tp Engita^d^ 
is an inconceivable Lofs to us ; forcing the Weavers 
^ beg ia pur Streets, or tranfport themfelnea ^ to . for 
•cign Countriea, .j . . r 

The prodigious Xpfsto^is^ and Gai^ to En^t4tHd^\ff 
felUiig theni all our WcoL^t their own Rates i whereof 
the ^p^fai^ur/e exceeds^ above ten times the prime 
Coft: jiPro€eeding*wUhoiU Example in the Qbrijiian or 
^^tatkm Wm-ldi Qua 

ift Ti^Dft apier's Letters; 

Ovkf frt9n lF§oi returned opon bs, in EngUfifl&SL'^ 
nufadtures, to our infinite Shame and Damage j and 
Ae great Advanttige of England. 

The fbll Profit of all our M«» accraing to Eng» 
/ffir/; an Effect of great Negligence and Stopidtty. 

An ' Affe^hbtiott among as, of liking a& Kinds of 
Goods made in England, 

Note, Many of the above Articles have been fiooe 
particularly computed by another Writer, lo wboie 
Treatife the Reader is referred. 

' These, fcnd many other Ahfcles, which I cannot 
lecolle^ at preient, are agreed by judicious Men to 
amount to n^ar Seyert Mlmdved thouiWI Pounds fer 
Jnn. clear Pr6^ to England: And, upon the whole, 
kt any Man- look into-thofe Authors who write upon 
the SubjeA of Commerce, he fhail find diac there )i 
ilot one iinj^e Article in- the Efientials, or Circum- 
tlances of Trade, whereby a Coantry can^be a UftTi 
which we do not poflefs in the bigheftFerfeBion% foDie^- 
What,' in ievery Pinicolai', that ^ars a Kind rf Ana- 
Itfgy to William * Wood % and no^w the Brckelyes «are all 
cut ^ he'flafideth ready ulrith hi» Ax^t the Root, 

Upon this Subjeft of per^tualJbfentee^, I- have 
fpcfnt fome-Time in very iniignificanc Reflexkmsr and 
eottfidedng' the ufual Motive»' of -hunrnn A6tiom, 
which arc Pleafurei Frv/rt^ and Artibittony I cannot ^^ 
' comprehend how thofc-Pferfitos find their Account in 
towy of the three: ♦ 1 fpeafc not of ' thofe EngliJlrYttn or 
Gentlteet), wh6, ' beffde dieii^ Bftates at*heme»- have 
Po^Teflions here ; for, in that Cafe, the Matter is-defpe- 
tate-; but I mckn thofe Ldrtfc, and wealtfiy Knights, 
or Squires, whoTe Birth, and 'partly their Bddcadon^ 
<ind d//th^ir Fortune (except fome Trifle, and that in 
a very few Inflances) are in this Kingdom. I kneff 
mai^ o^tliem well enough, -during fcveral Years, when 
I refided in England \ and truly I could not diftover 
tfiat the f^n^e they made was, bj^ ttny means^a* Sub- 
jfeft for Eh<vy\ 'at'leaft* it ^vb me Pwo 4kry dtfferi^ 
FdJlms:\ Fol*; ixfce^ting.thc A*^antage of going now 


nd dieii to ati Opera, or ibnetiriies kpyemng hehind 
^Grwffif Sit Conn i or adding to the Ring of Coachis 
mHulfParkB or lofing their Money at .the Cbocolait^ 
Himfe ; or getting News, Vofiei» . and Miiutes^ above 
five Days l^dre na m DubUn^ I iay» befides thefe, and 
a few other Prtvil^^of kfc Im|K)itftnce> dieir Tem^ 
ptations to \i\^i^ Jjmdm^mtxt beyond ny Knowledge 
orCQQ€C|>tion. Audi ufedtovondec, howaManoF 
Birch aodSpirity could endure to be wholly infignifi- 
cantandobfcareia Si/wngn Country, when he might 
live mik Liiftre in intown; and even at lefs than half 
that Expenee, whichhe ftcains himielf to make, widi*^ 
outobtsoBJag any 00^ £hd }' exoept that which hap|)en- 
ed to the Fra^ wbetx he wcNild n^eds contend: for Size 
with the 04r. I fakve bem told by Scholars, that Cejkh 
faid, he would rather be the /r^ M»^ . ih I knowndt 
What Village, than t\ic Jkond in Jtome, This, perhaps 
was a Thought only %t for Ofar : Bat to be prsceu/eH' 
by Thoiffamij, and ^igleaidhy MUiiom ; to be wholly 
without P^njuer^ Figure^ -^wmct^ Homt^ Cndit, or 
Diftin£^o», iaaoty iitmypQor£)piii&OD, a veryftfffirio^^ 
SitMtieft taf Lifc^ toia Pcrfoa of fitU or Wtaltkr who 
can fo cheaply and eafily y^iir^ in his Native Countryi 
Bw^ befides tlie Ae^puialia^ef ths^Kingdonwihc 
leavii^ fo iBimy Partsazfit jwdhi dwi nncultivBtcd^ thb 
Rotn df fo nutftiY Country^fisats aood Pladtatums^ thh 
cuttii^down all.the Woods tp fnpply £xpences ia 
Mngkmdi. : &e. Abfence of fo many noble and wealthy 
Pcrfoas, haHi 4)0611 the. Caufe.of wntbe^tftad Omfi^ 
gitmcei^iWitiHh'.feW I»rhap4iiavcibeen>«wffltf ojf.^ Fbiv 
iftbit««:J^««5/WM*/rN^bcr of Lords, who jjoflSA 
^e av^teft'Foiibipedhnre, hai bceii .contbnt: to isit» m 
homy aoii atlfilidiihe.Affairss of thdr own Cosntry ^ 
forliamtrnv. the. WWigitt, SLepntatfOft, ii^nd Digoicjr 
thereby added to that, noble Moufe, woald, in all hu*^ 
man-Probability, hawiJf evented nrttdn PftcndtisgP, 
yfhichzrenowenurtffh/amentid^ .becaafe they«Kr«r 
can h remedied: And we might have then decided em 
enwf Proxies Mong. •M^^di^. wstboat ' beUi^ ifbrted 

to travel fiy»ho&dQsd:Mites?b|i Sea' Upd Mod, to eHigi 


cal«ofanySiiUUoo^«r£taiB%- ttdtkcicMrfttil* 
inoft aDlverTaU^, sure, w.hac we xaUcd ^fi m^^ 
ScaCc .which by that Woi4 is geBoatty- underftooi 
They feci the Smarti^ and fee the &»n of their for*. 
sner fVoi$nJt.\ and vqy well iauiw> that they nwft b« 
made d^Smrifiaxo the lead Attempts towards ^,Cban^\ 
although it cannot he ^obted that they would be 

flad to have their Snf^ftiifim -reiond aiBder aif 
rince whatever. 

neither do we obferve any Murmurs at preie&t ften 
that Qaaxter^ except th<^ neafooable Coipplaiats thef 
mskt pS Fer/iaaiMf becaufe-they are exekided £poa 
«civil Employments^ but .their Number -bemg very 
linall in eidipr Hou/e of ParUament, they^ avenot ^ 
in a Situation to ered a Party : Becaoie however io- 
•^i^^nt; A|Ien ^ay be with regard <tQ J^H^ ^^ 
are now grown -wife^ooMgh ta^noMr, that if focba 
fMiiudt werq allowed ^-to ^iffhumri^ the few (mall fin- 
plpyneats left us ip Cities awL Corporatioos^ ^^ 
tna other Hands to lay hokl on ihem. 

THianLY, th^ Diijpote between M^ and ^ 
-Church is now- at an End ; two Thirds of the ^i/^ 
Jiavingbeen promoted in thuY^^6^^ andmoftof tbea 
'from hn^land^ who ha^ beilowed all Preferments in 
their Gift tp t^iofe they could weU cwupii^in. Tbe 
Jkanerhi all except Thoee, and ^any principtl 
Churdi LiyingSii are in the Donatida of die Crown: 
&>, that we ah-eady poflefy fuch a Body jrf Clifff^ 
will never engage in C^oncnwerfy c^poadiat artifMtf* 
.and exfJo^Sa^e€L 

Last4.y^ as to Court and QamOry Fanies^ ib fa- 
^motts and avt>wed under moll Reigns in Englt/h Pariii* 
^entsL: . ThiSi S:iagd<Mia h^^t, feir feveia) Y«^ 
EO^ hf^n a.piopef Sc^np whereon to vxcixUe iocb 
•Contentiofis, aiid ia nowiefs proper than evev; many 
great Employments for Life being in dijhut Han^> 
and tl^c Reverfious di/igent/y .'Watchediatuf /ecKft^i ^ 
temporaiy Ones of any intuiting Value are all bcftojv* 
^ elje-when as fafl as they drop ; and the few w^^^' 


}iig> are of too low Coiiiideradoii to create Contefts a^ 
boot thexn, except among younger Brothers; or Tradef- 
inen like myfelf. Ana, therefore^ to inftitute i 
Court and Cowttry Party without Materials^ would be 
a vtPf Hew Syftem in Politicks^ and what I believe 
was never thought on before ; nor, unlefs in ^ l^ation 
of Idiots^ can ever fucceed. For the moft ignorant 
irijh Cottager will not fell hh Cow for a Groat, 

Thbre4Forb, I conclude, that all Party and FaSfion 
with regard to publick Proceedings, arc now extin- 
guiihed in this Khigdom ; * neither doth it appear in 
view how they caii p6itib!y revive ; unlefs fome new 
Caufes be adminifte^ed ; which cannot be done without 
crojUtng the Interefts of tbofe *ivho are the greateft GaiH" 
trs by continuing the fame Meafitres, And general 
Calamities ^without Hope of Re^efi, are allowed to be 
the great Uniters of Mankind. 

HowEv,ER we may diflike the Caufes^ yet this Ef^ 
feS^A begetting an univerfal Concord among us in all 
National Vehates^ as well as in Cities^ Corf oraf ions ^ zfA 
Country Niei^hbtmr hoods ^ may keep us at leaft alive, and 
in a Conmtion to eat the little Bread allowed us in 
Peace and A^niiy* I have heard of a Quarrel in » 
Tavern, where all were at Daggers-drawing, until one 
of the Company cried cut, deuring to know the Buh^ 
je^ of the ^ttrreJi which, when none of them could 
tell, they put up their Swords« fat down, and pafTed 
the reft of the Evening in ^et. The fhrmer Part 
hath been pur Cafe » f hop^ the Iqtter will be fo too ; 
that we (hall7?> do'wn amicably together, at ieaft iintil 
^tYivf^fomething that may give us a Title to fall out ; 
fince Nature hath inHrafted even a Brood of Goflingi 
^ j^i together while the Kite is hovering over their 

It is certain, that a firm Union in any Country, 
where tvery Man wifhes the (ame Thing with relation 

Vol. IV. S to 

• Note, Sinte this Difcourfe Vfai written^ it hath aff eared 
ly Experknce, that the Author ivas much miflaien- in bis Can- 
ie^urtu * • 

d 3 

-to thcPoblick, m9y. In &Tenl joints df tte^reatefl 
ImpoFtance, in fome Meafure, ^upp^X. ^^ ^^M ^ 
J^fywtr ; an^evcn oi thofe Rights nubicb are the natural 
Mfui undouhud Inheritance of,^ Mankind. \^ the univer- 
ial WiJh^Qi the Nation imon any PoixiC, were declared 
ty the unanimous Vote ofthc Houfe of Commons, and 
^ reafonable Number of Lords ; I ihould think jny- 
felf obliged in Confcienpe to ad in pgiy Sphere accor* 
ding to that Vote ; becaufe, in all free Ntition;, I take 
the proper Definition of Law to be the Will of the 
.Majority o^thofe lAJho hafvi the Property in Lattd\ wliidi 
If tnere be a Monarchy, Se confirmed by 4e 
Royal AfTent. And,* although fuch Fotes ox D^lar^' 
tions have not received fuch a Confirmation, for certain 
42ccidental Reafons i yet J think, they ought to be of 
much Weight with the Subje^ ; provided they neither 
oppofe the King's Prerogative, endanger die Peace of 
the Nation, nor infringe any Law already in Force; 
none of which, however^ can reasonably be foppofed. 
Thus, fprlnftance,' if Nine in Ten 6f the Houfe of 
.Common;^, and a reafonable Number of native tempQ- 
,jjal peers, fhoulddpdare, that whpever received q" ot- 
tered Brafs Coiny ex(ipt under certain Limitations and 
^ecuritii^s, fhould bje deemed as ^n^taies to the Ki^ 
,andthe Ration i ^^^\x\di think it a heinojus Sin in my* 
ifelf to 2ih oontr^y to .(uch.a Vote : And, "if ihefaffic 
.Power fhoiild 4«cbire the ,Came Cenfure againft thofe 
, who 'wore hStin StufTs and Calicoes y or iVooUen l^' 
nufaBures tmforted /rqm abrfkid, whereby. this.NatioQ 
is reduced, to the lo«{efl.Ebb ofMifery!; I ihould r«- 
dify^ heartily y.2JiA chfarfullyj^^y.Qh^^itnCQy and to my 
utmoft Power j&ffy«/j«/<? others to do the like : Beaafe 
there is no La^ of this Land obliging us either to rt- 
cei'vefuch Coin, or to ivear fuch foreign Manufactures. 

* Upon this laft Article, I could humblj^ vyiOi that 
Y.ic .Reverend the Clergy would fet us ^ Example, by 


-•^Note, This haikfince hcen^ut m.fraHice^ ly the Pfrf»4- 
om and Liflucnce i/W .Author; ht much defedell hjthe mjl'ii- 
famoas Fraud of Shop-keepers, " *' 

rETTER' VII. t95 

contenting themfelves witilwearing Gowns and other 
Habiliments tyf IriJ? Brapefy ; which, as ir would bef 
fbme InciCftient' to ihthattyj , and fer many Hands to'- 
Work; fo- they would find their Advantage in thd 
Ckapnefei which'is aCircuraftance hotto be negleftedt 
by /<» many among that venerable Body. * And," iiF 
order to this, I could bpartily defire, that the moft in- 
genious Arfifts of the Weaving Trade,, would con- 
trive fomc decent Stuffsiand Silks for CUrgynun, ar 
reafonable Rates. . * 

I have prefTed.fevcral of oar mbft'fubftantial Bre-- 
t^iren, that the Whble'Corpdrations of^Jfe^wef-^ in Silk 
and Woollen, would publifh {otm^Propofo/s,^ (l 'wiflf 
<^ey wobid do it to both Houfes of Parliament) in- 
viting Perfons of all Degrees and of both Sexes j to- 
wear die Woollen and Silk ManufkdlureiS' of our owq- 
Country ; cntermg into folemn, mutual Biigagements^ 
that the Buyei- (hall have good, fubflkiiti^h' merch^nti^- 
We Ware for his Money, and' at a certain Rate, with- 
Out the Trouble of ch^eapning : So tbati if I-fcnt m 
Child f6r a Piec^ 6f Stuff , of a particular Coio&r and£ 
I^inehefs, Pfiiotfld befiire notto be deceived ; orif K 
nad Reafon toxdniplain,, the Corporation fhould give- 
^e injmediate Sarrsfa^ion j and the Name of the- 
Tradefmah who did me the "WVong, ihould be pu- 
Wilhed^ and Wamitig given not to deal with him for 
the future^ unlefs tKcMatter plainly appeared to be ». 
Miftakc -; For, befides the TrouW^of ^oing from Shop 
to Shop, an ignorant Cuftomer runs the. Hazard of 
being dieated m the Price .'and' GoodnefsM^f what he 
buys ; being forced to an unequal Combarwith. a dex- 
trous, and drflioneft Man in his own Callmg. Thasv 
onr Goods fall under a general Difreputation; and th'e- 
^entry call for Eh^ffji? Cloth, or Silk from an Opinion 
^Jiey ha'Ire (and' often tbajuftly by bur own Faults) 
^^atthe Go6diieji''moTt thaamakeUx up for the Diffc* 
^ence 6{ th^ Price. • . 

* This Scheme tvasFtkewifi often Urged to 4hi Weavers hy i^e 
<*ntb9ri . ^ be could never prevail on tbem to ^ut iV ia£raRice. 

. BEriDfis, it hath been the fotdfli' and ramowPkfl* 
6ice of tts Tra^defmen, ^P^° ^X gi^^^ Demand of 
Goods, either at, borne. or from abroad^ to raifethe 
Prices immediately, and manufadnre the (aid Goods 
siore fiigbtly and fraudolendy than before. 

Of this fold and foolifh Proceedings too masy h- 
fiances mig^t be produced ; and I cannot forbear mcn^ 
tionmg ope whereby this poor Kioffdom hath received 
inch a fatal ^ Blow in the otfy Jrttoe of tradt allowed 
us of any Importance, that nothing but the Socce&of 
iroQfT&Projed, coioldootdoit.* During the late Plagoe 
in France^ the SpiimisrJs^ wh9 buy their Linen.Clotb 
|n tlii^ King^ni, iiQt daring to venture thither for 
pear of tnreflion ^ a very great I>emsM:id was made 
here for that Commodity, and exported to SfMi 
But, whether by the Ignorance of t$e Merchants, or 
]pi(honefty of the Northern Weavers, .or the Collofiott 
ilf both,; .the- W^ was (o ^bad, itnd the Price fo ex* 
Cf ffiye, th^t except fame fmall Quantity, which «>» 
fold below the prime Coft,. the ^reateft Part was re- 
turned back: \Att4»^ J baye been told by very intelli- 
gent Perfons^ thai if^ we had been fair Dealers, the 
whole Current of the Linen Trade to Sfam would 
have ^aken i,ts Courfe from, hence. , 

If any Pcmiihment were to. be inHifted on Nnfk^ 
if Men ; furely there, could none be thpught too gR*^ 
for fuch a R^ce of Hraiton and Enemies to God and 
their Country j who for the Profpe^ pf a Ikdc frt^ 
Gain, do not 6nly ruin theinf^ves, .(for that alone 
would be, an ExnmfU to the reft, and a Bl^ffh^ to the 
Nation) but fell their Soiils \s> Hell, and their Coon- 
try to Dcftrudtion : And, if the flague cdold hate 
been confined only to thofe who were Fartaitrsh '^ 
Gui/t, had it .travelled hither: from Marfnlki^ th9W 
Wre):ches v^rould liave- died Wi]th l^fs Title to i'*£f» 
than a Higb«futu^an going to; the Gallows^ 

But ithapp^neth very unluckily^ that,. iasfmtTat 
f^y^l Endeavours or Pn^ofals from private Peribo^ 
to advance the publick Service, however honeftlyaod 
innocently 4efigned» h»ve ^een calkdjgt««/^. , 

tng's-fate.:: And. tkis, to my KnowIedgCr' hxthketn ^ 
the Stylfe oVfipie Per/onsj whofe Anieftdrs, (I tn^aa 
t^fe aaiDng tlfetn who /^^^xr^;; and litkmfihcfit^ have 
beeii' ^f wf /« Princes Faces thefc fourfcorc Years ^ 

. andfrom tkeir dwn/ IncMnatidtlS' would' do fo ftitl, if 
chdr lAterefl did not- lead thdm rather to y^ in iht 
Face ^f a ^xng^omi whickhat4* given ^them IVings 
toenaMd^themfor^fiichai/W^^; ^ .( ^ ^ 

Thus, about four Tears agoj Whten SE ''^ Difcourie 
was piiblifhed, endeavouring to persuade our People 
to wear their own WdolkuxManiiftaxirds, full of the 
moft dutiful Expreilions to die King, and without thd. 
^^2^ Parly Hint; it was termedTff/w^ /» the JG»g]s 
F^e I the PrinUr was profecutedun the Manner we 
all re menliber; (and I hope^ * // <wilififne^bere' he «- 
■mendfered'/uriher) the Jury\iept eleven Hours, and* 
ient back nine times, until they Were under the Ne-< 
ceflfty- of leaving te Prifoner • to^ the Mercys of the 
Court, by a ^^HalVerdia, The f Judpe on thej. 
Bench, iuiokingGod fir his Wifffefs^ when he ai&rted^ \. 
that the A\ith(ir*s Delign was to bring in the Pretender. 
Atxy thus sHb, m^ own poor Endeavours^ to prevent 
th^-Ruin of mv Country,' by the Admifiion of Jf^ood^9 
Coil/, was called by the &mei Peribns Jfjing in- the- 
Kings JP«([« ;>• which rdiredly deny: FcA* 1 cannot al«- 
low that 'vile Reprefentation of the Roj^ai Cmmtemmct 
in WiUkmWwid^ adulterate Cbpper, to be his facred' 
Majefty'i Ft9<'« ; orif itwere, tay Jiying waft nota^. 
gainil the /itt^r^0ff, but ' the Bhfinrfi of the Metal;, 
becaufe I well remembered, that the Image wMi^h . 
Nehuchadntcxiiir eemma^ded to hefet ^uf^ 'fir all Mm to • 

fiildWown and'tvorfiif ity was not ofCopferf but pure 
Gold, Axairl ^on iheartii)(i fony, we have' fo- few 
R(tyal ^Images of 'that t Mital among ui i the "Slight 

.v^'hereof; although it could hardly inoreafetour yen6- 

ratiBOii f<WP hiEs Majefly, which is atveadjPv fo pihat ; yet 

'• w '^ Si3'i .. ;. ' r.. woul4. 

♦'Ti&tf AutiW 'fjete meattcfb 4 prececdlng DrfiouHt.mtitied, A:. 
PcQpofai fqr th^-iiuiv0dal Vio.iiihfiJ/j^ ^/iam&^^is^ . .« 
t Note, Jpdo^ irbitjhed, - 

' '. « 

tvoold v«iy audi <iK^«tfir. k with ^Mature otOtfin 

AlixmnJkr th^ Great, wcMild fnfler no Stataar;^ ezy 
cept Pbhtiw^ to carv^ his Image in* Stone or Metal 
HowmulV he hai^e treated fuch an Qperator as/iTWr 
whogoedi 2k>mtynt\i.Sach''/ulioi'urtfs^ odioufly 
iBtfi-eprjefeiHinghie l^nCe's GoMtfAumrr ; an^ would 
force them, by Thouiaods, upon every ope of »» at 

Bvr,. notwithftandiBg all |hat haiji been objp8«i 
by /#^//)&'4fli. /r^M^himfelf ; together wkh \b Fawur- 
(Krx, J6ett^sl Supfvrttrs, taxjintf fuUkk ox ftivat€ \ by 
thole who conni've at his Proje^, or Mfimtragt and ^7' 
tomtttnanct his Opfofin^ for fear of leflcoing tb^r Ftf* 
'i»02rr» or hazarding jtheir ^fltym^ts ; by diofe who 
endeavo\ir to </4Mi!^ the Spirit of i^ Beople raiU a- 
gai'nft this Coio ; or ched^ the honeft 2^1 <^>fiich » 
by their lVritinjfs\]Gx Difepurfi/^ do -al|^ chey .can to 
keep it 1:4) ; Thofe Sftftnen^ StvntMers^ Comptma^h 
ajad EKpe4ieni*mng^Sy vi\iQ,g?akt their Jf^VMEr fo ftrong- 
ly» dial we can btw^ their fe^ketrjmgk $ ' I did never 
imagijie, thai, in detedtng the Pradices of fuch ^^ 
vdes to the Kingdom,. I yi^fying in th$ Kmt^^s Fict ', 
«f thooght they 9fcn better Repn/inttrr. of hii Msj^ 
Jly,, jljkra>tha»/^ry Goi»^ far which they; 9St?Jk€ni^ 
Qjtem Advocates- ' ' . . r 

> iFtI Wejie allqwed to i^te only tbofe W0aiA 
. the Nation, Whkh may be-in oorPpwe^ to attain; 
J think they* might be fommed op in tbefe ftv 
fcillDwiag. • 

. Firfty That an End might be pat to our h'^'^- 
h«nfioo9 oiWoddlr Half^penpe, ajad to ; any Daoger 
joC the like deibudtive Schemic £i^ ^he fimiseV 
^ f Seco94ify, That Half-p^e iwglBt . be coined is t^^ 
Kiogdosv by a pablick MinV with due Lii^iitatioRs* 
^ T{>rrdfy, Thtft.^erSenfeof both Ho^ftt of fvh- 
iBtenli at leaftof the H^fe of {Commons^ were d^' 
clared by (bme unanmous and i&ftfr/y Fotes^ again^ 
wearing Uny S^ or Woollen Manafai^turesy impotted 
from^abroadi as bkev^ifi^^aM wearing AirlaSf'fnrSitt^ 

.,..L.E,T,Ti:.Il.^- . ^9f 

oj Calicoes* iwhich w forbVtden miiter |t)i« li|gMft^c*> 
palties in England; ^ And if beb9Wt]i |h>^ .^ t^e $ v 
ample fi-om fo wife a ^vljaafii i because we a«e imder « 
^r/ii/tfr Necejpiy to do fo» fince <ur are qoC allowed' ta 
ijr/0r/ any Woollen Manuf4£iu;re8 of , our own i whicb 
is (he prinqipalBranclx of loreign Tr.ade 'm EngUmd^ 

Fouf^tf?Ijf Th^ fpme eire^^2l>lctkadi;.niay be.U(> 
ken ^ civili2ethcj>9Qf^rSoii;Of iwN^tiv^ IB aU 
thofePans of this ^ngdf^ifi \ifhere tl|e i/i<{^^ abound Jii 
by iDtrpdncing .an^ongiUiQin pnrX^J^guagi? ^i:[dfC«- 
ioras^ /or W^n^ of wWcl)! tHfy fiy^>n Ae j^Unoft J- 
gnorance, Barbarity and Poverty, giving tHeaifelvri^ 
wholly up to Idlenefs, Naftine(«» and XVieve]y». 10 
the very great and jufl Reproach of t€x> many Land*- 
Joids. !And, if 1 had in me thci Jeail Spirit of a ^r^ 
/^«r, ] vb[«ttld engage that thi^inaigl^t :bt effe^ifdiil 
a.fevv arervr;ii)confi^ra^eiC)^rge|« -, i 

F'fii^h* ^^^^ ^^ Enponrageroent; ^oiild vbegiv^n 
to Agriculture i apd s^ Stop put to that pemicuQils Pcie 
6iice of Graziers^ engro/Sng vail Qaantities of Land, 
ibmetinies at a great Diftancs i whereby the Coundy 
is extremely depopulated* 

Sixihlx, That the Defers in thofe ABa for plaoting 
ForeftTBecs. might be ^ily;fap^lirf, fince they hay^ 
hithe;rto been wholly inefTe^tudi ; except above the Pflr 
inefne|sof,a few Gentlemen $ and'!^re» in ge- 
neral,, very ucikilfnily made, and thctyingaclrordingly. 
J^either hath there yet been doe. Care taken; to p«e- 
ierye what is planted. Of fio in^Iofe Grounds; not one 
Hedge ii^.an hundred coming to IVfaturity, jfpr want 
of Skill and- Induihy ,' ^he Negie^ of c^«^ Woods 
cu;dpwn, ^th.likewife b^n of very evii/Confequeft- 
ces. ^nd ifrMfn.were r^ftrainedfr^mthat ^liqiited 
Lil^eity ojT putting* d^iwft ,tbfir own Wood^ ^£bre tbeic. 
proper Ti9\e» as ,they are in ibme other jCouiiliuesi 
it iivbpl^.be a (mighty Benefit to the j^ipgdom. ; For» 
I belics/e, [thej^jis po; another Example in if^rope of 
fuch a prodigious Quantity of excellent Timber cut 
down in fo Khort a Time/ wkh fo little Advantage to 
the Qojsfifoqf .eithci- in Shi^7igf^ Ruik^g. . 

Y "^O ' v« •» • 


i '• t •«.'■* 

At thclTiaie. when the Gctnagp of Half- 
^ peiicebj^ William W^oov- mademoft 

Noife,[ l^vcral Papers of tlUmour and 
4 RidicQle,.;ran ^bout theXown.andKing- 
-. dom;, to:expo& that pecnidou» Projed ^ 

ampng others, that which* -followeth? 
■ [ ' and' ' is iiippbTec! ^ td be^ wHtten by the 
ci Author of^^th^DRAPXER^sLettcriv:. We 
I have, therefore^ ventur^ to. reprint it 

in its proper Placrf* 

• r 

'Af^)^ and* tfiie Accoiint' of th^ folemn 
1 PrDceffioji 10 theGAiAows,. at the Ex- 
V- ccatipn of .WiLUitM WcK)i), Efquire*^ 
* l^ find Har^- ware-mari: ' V / . 

. ( Written .in Hie Y£AE 1724. '. > 

](^]\ifi 'fitne" sigo,' n^k; a Report Tpread, that 

fir his Brother-in-law's rtaofef'/here' m iDir^a; a 
|rek NAnrfer b'fJPeopfe bf SiJ!|rel)t qorididoDs,, and 
bf /fcbth Seies; cfowded abom the Bdorr,'- Jetcrmi' 
jiately b^ntto take Revenge upon him as a Coiner 
and Counterfeiter i Among the reft; a certain curi- 

Cus PerfonK ftandii^g in a Corbet, obferved ^at.thcjr 
ttdffcoVered thw Reifenttiibtits ^n the proper Tcrins 
' klad'^xj^rfiffiOns^bfth^ji: feVcral'TAidis aiid.OHings; 
^beteoi^hfc wfdte doWa\aV xn^tiiyai be.doiSld remcm' 
her; anff was pfeiled* ^o cbmthihiicate thdmtoroe* 
with teaye ^bfpublittf thetn,'fbi^ the Ufe of thpfe who 
at any Time hereafter may * b^ at : a L-ofs for proper 
^ ^ Wonfc,. 

towards the faid;fii7/^^<v^( , '..,\ 

The People cried, out te* Have him' ddivcrM4n- 
• ^ to' their: Ifand^. 

Says the ^asUameat Man, ^/^ him the ^m^. 
2d Pariiament Maa^ I leeoad that iUb^Mur^ 
Cw^, I'll bafte ihirii- . . • . . f . , 
2d C09i(, I<UgiTC^ixahiisrSf/6?i'/i<//.' . . 
3d Oroi, ni giva him a.LrVi^! w< theC^e'i^j. . . \ 
4th Gwi, rilywrir hitt. '. i.ij !' • m.\- .':.. 
bhg^n-mkn^ rilhoityniii&lon^ftsr^BV^^^^. 
Boek-felier^ I'll twtoorerra »«»« lir^witk iiltl>. 
^^454r, rJl ^toMtrW. him; f 1 : 1 , ' 7 '/J - --' 

<?Am>r, I'll make the U^tHAA'^ tht&ogb him. 

Grwrn, V^[ turry hftsHide.r .' . , ,^ )i 
Jlpatheemy^ I'll ./^wff^^jhtmi v r ;: i ;;.-,-. ,y.'\ 
2AJ^tte^myi^' iiU beai; hlin toJl(£i^«u^. - ; v^« 
^ckebm^r^ f Urinate him ^%Jhcmi^l ,x h -. 

Rabbe**catcher^.VS\jfeh!tiLVaa^ r .\\.\ , \ A. ^ U • 

Hoiner, VX\ giveUmt'at/?^ ; .^ ., 

WHIG, DonAm with him* 

T0« 2; -y/ with hho. )• 

MUier^ I'll da(h out hia, 6r/><6Mf;' t ^ :'( . \ (v 

2d Miliery Daft)ik\k\i[ki hi - f; i . r. ,•'»..' 

£o«/"m4Vy. ^<>ni him* r > • • r 1 . ' 4. i . - ' 

Scavenger J Throw Wm in the ^<7***il' . 

Dyer, V\\ heat ybsxtbi^ek and ^^. ' f . 

Bagnio-man, I'U^makcthetiottfetO^^&tf^ibrliim. 

Whore, Pox rot. htixl. 

2d JVhor^ Lot me tf^w^ithhioi. 

3d Whore, Clap him up*" !• ,» . 

Afi^ar^/i^;(^; 1:11 havethfirnVfthjE^iy^^' 
Curate, I'll make thei)tfa/«/ $oniefiut of^hi^. 
Popi/J(?Prieft, ni/ewiJfmtOtlifxDexil . 
iDaming-mafter^ VVi tuuh him iuter J^nners. 


»k* i« '*.*» 

\ * 


•sd 1>wtciiig-m»/l4r^ FU make him cot "t G^ 

tliree Stony hi/^, : • ^ 
Farmir^ 111 thrqfi^ hin\ 
%J^. jL'U fit an his. WrtU. - 

zdti^or, HeU is too good 'for him. 
yi Ta;Ur, Itt //Vii his Dtmilet. 
4th Ti^/ir, m make his A«— make Buitm. 
JBa/ket^mmiir, 1*11 i w tftfi himw • ^ • 
Fidiir^ rilhave him by the£«rr. 
AdFii&Ty lllbahglifini'tofomr^««r» 
Barinr; rU havtti lum by the Jl^isar^^ 
2d i^^/r, ni puU his WJbiJkm. ^ 

.3d i?«#'^. 111 liiakehis^^r ftandan End. 
4th \A4»i^, rJl MH^ iiis> /^cibv 
Tmi^, ril tiy whztMet^kt k mttde of. 
CMer^ Jti makekn £m/of him. 
^oSaccomfij 1*11 make h]mji(Mai<. 
2d Tokucontyi, ril make hkn fecvp his Pifa, 
Gol^finder^ TU make him ^Ji^. 
Hachfey-CoikStMk^ FU make hka knm his 2>m»r. 
2d Haikn^^ouckm^y rU<i6i^himi6^]>evil. 
BtUcber^ I'll have a /*«mi^ ofhJbu 
2d Butcher^ Let us A/i^ai; ifcuii ij;^. ' 
3d ButcUr, UyKn^ in' him. 
ifurfe, ni >(;Wi& him. 
Aualfapttftt We'll ^ the Rogue m the Pvui. 

ShoemaAir, Set him in fte Si0eh. 
Banker^ 1*11 kick him into Jit$^-rtotwm; * 
2d ^omiir^ iH Whim off. 
JBtfouZfr, ril faavi^aJ^K^^r widi him. ^ * 
Qanu^^ m^ make has B0M1 ril///#. 
B^Mamaker. Ill /tir# his Sides. 
Gardemr^ FU make him <nMi/«r titPigMts, 
^U-wi/e, 1*11 r/ribnr wil^ him. 
CifT/bM I'll make him mill in his H^nh. 

. » . * >;•. . ,.- .i .t '. 'But 

WOOD'S ExiMion, ice. ao5 


Birr, at'laft,the People, having received Afliiran* 
ces, that WiUiam Wwd was neither in the Houfe nor 
Kingdom, appointed certain Commiflioners to hang 
him in Effigy \ whereof the whole Ceremony and 
Procdffion; deierve to be tranfmitted to Fofterity. 

■First, The Way was cleared by a Detachment 
of the Black Guards^ wi<h (hort Sticks in their 
Hands, and Cockades of Paper in their Hats. 

Tiifi^appeslredJ^r//SMMKr/^W Efq; reprefented to 
the Life by ai&^Id Piece of car^d Timber, taken from 
the K<id of a Ship. Upoti his Face, which looked ve*^ 
ry difinal, were fixed, at proper Diftances, fevcral 
Pieces of his own Coin, to denote who he was, and 
to figniiy his Calling, and his Crime. He wore on 
his Head a Pa<uke very artfully compoied of four old 
Mops$ a Halter about his Neck ferved him for a 
Cravat. His Cloaths were indeed not fo neat and 
elegant as is ufaal Wfdi Perfons in his Condition \ 
which ibme cenfbrious People imputed to AiFeda- 
tion ; for he was covered with a large Rugg of !eve»» 
ral Coloiirs in Patch-work ; ht was borne upon the 
Shoalders of an able-bodied Porter. In his March 
by St. Stephen's Green, he often bowed on both Sides, 
to fhew his Refpeds to the Company ; his Deport- 
ment was grave, and his Countenance^ though fome- 
what penfive, was very compofed. 

Behind hhn foHowed his Father alone,' in a long 
moQrning Cloak, with his Hat over his Nofe, and a 
Handkerchief in his Left Hand to wipe the Tears 
from his Face. ' 

NxxT in Order marched the Executioner him/elfin 
^erfon ; whofe venerable Afpcdl drew the Eyes of the 
whole Afiembly upon him ; but he was further di- 
ftinguifhed by a Halter which he bore on his Left 
Shoulder, as the Badge of his Office. 

Th E« followed two Perfons Hand in Hand ; the one 

reprefenting /i^///rV}if( fVeod^s * Brother-in-law; theo- 

ther ar certain Soulier, his intimate Friend, whofe Name 

I forgot. Each had a fmall Kettle in his Hands,wfaere- 

VoiwIV. T in 

* One Molyneanx, an Jronmonicr, 

to6 Ah Accovjtt ^ 

in wss a reafoiiableXIiaafiiky of ihc noiv 'H«lf«f)e&ce. 
At protper Periods ^^ fkof^ iteir Kettles, whkh 
aiade a oielMidiQly $ouii4«likc tlM^svNQ|p-n^ of abid 
for their Partner and CoDfedentle. . 

After thefe foUowed-ieveridOfioBm, whofeAf- 
fiftaace was neceilaiy for the «ione ideoent Peifeiim- 
ance of the great Work in Hand. 

Tub Pioceffion wfi^ dqfed ^ivith an tniiDiscn^ 
Crowd of People, who fteqiient^ fent upload Hnz- 
aas; which wece cenfiwed V^wifer Itod&asaMaik 
of Inhomanity, and ai| ungcmerous Tijamph overtlie 
unfortunate ; without dujiy confideiiing the vaiioas Vi- 
ciflitudes of haman Life. However, task bocDineth 
an impartial Hifiorian, I will notccoiceal iooe Obler- 
fration. That Mr. Wood hinifelf apfoaied wholly un- 
moved, without the ieaft A^ation <in iiis Qoonte- 
nanoe ; only when he <paaie witiiin Sight^^ the fatal 
Tree, which happened ^ he^efthe isune &)eeiesof 
Timber with hk.owa Pcurfoii, fae&emedio.heiootf* 
what penilve. 

At thePJace of Execution he ^^if^eaired smdMOted, 
aor was feen to (hed a.Teai*. (He inade no ftefifianc^ 
but fnbmitted himfelf, with^gr^atJ&ofigaation, toikf 
Hangman, who was,.indee4'I^MM^ttO(uieih]imwit^ 
loo much Rottghnefs, neither kiffing hUo* aoraftiig 
him Pardon. His dying; ^i££GHW fdunted, aal 
•^ferveth to be written in Letters of CK>LD. B^ 
ing aiked whedier it were Us niOwoi trae ifensiae 

Those of the fofter Sex who attended the Cci^ 
moi^, lamented that £>ftQaiely .and .well ihJmd^ 
Man ihoidd come to fo untimely tan. End. .He hfiflg 
buta fiiortTime; for upon ieeling hia Bretf , thcjr 
iband it cold andiiliff. 

It is ftrange to think bow this mrianchi^ Spe* 
.£bide turned the Hearts of the Peqple to Coeipf^' 
iion : When he was^oit down, the Body was earned 
^through the whole City to. ^gather. Contrijbmms ibr 
.his Wake ; and all Sorts oJF People fliewed Aeir Li- 
berality according as they were able. TTbe Ceicfno- 

. ^1 

WOOD'S Execution^ &c. 207 

ny was performed in an Alehoafe of DiftinAion, and 
in a Manner fakable to the Quality of the Deceafed. 
While the Attendants were difcourfing about his Fu^ 
neral, a worthy Member of the AiTembly ftood up 
and propofed, that the Body fhould be carried out 
next Day, and Burned with the hxsit Pomp and For-^ 
malities ufed at his Execution ; which would prevent 
the Malice of his Enemies, and all Indignities that 
might be done to hts Kenuuns. This was agreed to ; 
and, about iime a Clock on the following Morning, 
there appeared a fecond Proceffioir. But Burning 
not having been any ^rt of the Sentence} Autho- 
rity thought fit to interpofe, and the Corpfe was re* 
feucd by the Civil Power. 

We hear the Body i& not yet interred; which oc- 
cafioneth many Speculations. But what is more 
wonderful, it is positively aflured by many who pre- 
ttid to have been %e-wknefies, that tlierc dotk not 
appear the leaft Aketation in any one lineament or 
Feature of hb Coontenanee, nor vifible 2>ecay in hb 
whole Fnunc, further than what had been siade by 
Worms long befior^ his Execution. The Solooon of 
which Difieolty Xfliali ka»e a»OBg Natoraiifts. 

T 2 

^ . • < 

Short VIEW 


State of IRELAND. 

Written in the Year 1727. 

I AM afifUDed, that it hath* for fome Tiiiie» been 
pradiiedy as a Method of making Men's Gomt, 
when jthey are aiked about the. Rate of ha^ksy the 
Abilities of Tenant^ the State of Trade and Mano- 
filature in this Kingdom, and how .their Rents are 
paid s to anfwer, that in their Neighbourhoods all 
Things are in a flouriihine Condition, the Rent and 
Purchafe of Land every Day increaiing. And if a 
Gentleman happen to be a little more fincere in bis 
Reprefentations/ befides being looked on as not 
well afiededy he is fure to have a Dozen Contra* 
didors at his Elbow. I thick it is no Manner of 
• Secret, why thefe Queftiona are fo corSaUy aiked, or 
ib Mgingly anfwered. 

But iince, with regard to the Affairs of this King- 
dom, I have been nfing all Endeavours to fubdue my 
Indignation ; to which indeed, I am not provoked by 
any perfonal Interefl, being not the Owner of one Spot 
of Ground in the whole 1fiaud\ I ihall only enumerate 
by Rules generally known, and never contradi^cd, 
what are the true Caufes of any Countries flourishing 
and growing rich ; and then examine what Eifedtl 
atife irom thofe Qauies in the Kingdom of Inland. 


A Jhort VIEW of thi^ &c. 109 

Ths firfl Qwdt of a £ingdoixi*s thriving, is the 
FnutfvlDds of the SoiU to pitxioce the Nece£aries atid 
Conveniencies o£ Life^ not only fufiicient for the In« 
babitants^ but for Exportation into odier Coiuitnes^ 

The fecond, is, the indyiftry of the People, in 
working op all their native Commodities, to the lail: 
Degree or Manafadnre. 

The third, is, the Convenienq^ of fafe Ports and:'' 
RavenS) 60 cany oiit their own .Goods,, as much ma- 
nufadnnai, and briii^ in thofe > of others, aa little tiia'> 
Dofa^t^ ^9 ito Natme of mntaal Commerce will 
allow. ...... 

The fourth, is, that the. Natives fhonld, as mnch-. 
as poifible, export and import their Goods in VefTels 
of ilieir own Timbery . made in l^ir .ow« Coontry. 

The £fth, is, the Privilege of a free Trade in alL. 
foreign Countries, whidh will pecmit tham ;, except 
to thofe who are in War with their, own Prince en 
Slate. i •- . 

TvLV fiitth,.isi by bdng igovaned only by Laws. 
made with their own Con&nU fi».othQrwi& they are 
not a free People* And. therefore, all .Appeals forv 
Juftice, or Applications for Favour or Preferment, 10^ 
another Go«n«»-y , . arc fo - many-grievous Impoveriih- 

The, by ImproFcmont of Land, En- 
€0<*argemettLof A^cakure, and thereby incrcafing 
the Numhisr of their Peoj^e; without which, any 
Counti^ howewr Heflfed by Nature^ maft continue - 

Thi^ eiglftlh, is, the^Rcfidence of the Priace or:r 
ehief AdminiftratOFof the civil Pwvler. 

.THi wtnth, is, the Concourfe of EoreigBers for E- 
dacatioll, Curiofxty, or Pleafnreu; or as «% a^generalt 
Mart of'Trade. 

THa tenths is, by diijpofing all Offices of ff onow, , 
Prdit, or Truft, only to the Natives, or. at leaft with^ 
very few Exceptions^ where .Strangers have long in- 
habited* the Countiy, and arcfippodfed to underiiand, „ 
aBd.fe«ard theiAjtereil of it as ilioir awa« - 

210 JJh^ri VIEW of Ai 

Ths deventh, is, wken the RcbCs of Lands^ and 
Profits of EnployinentSy are fpent in tike Countr/ 

• whkh prodace them, and not in another ; the for- 
. iner of which witl certainly happen, where the Love 

of oor native Coantry {»«Tailedi^ 

Th.£ tweJfth, is., by the publick Revenues being all 
fpent and employed at home^ except on the Occa- 
'^ons of a foreign. Wax. 

- - Ta B thisteenth, is, where the People aro not obliged, 
-Boieis they find it for Jtheir crwn Iatereft,.or Coove- 
xniency, to receive. any Monies, .except of iheicown 

• Coinage by a pablick Mint,, after the Manner of all 
civilized Nations. 

The fourteenth, 19, a Difpdttionof the l^opleof ^ 
Coantry to wearthdr awnManttfai^ures, and import 
as few Incitements to. Luxury, either in Cloaths, For- 
niOire, Food, or Drink, as <bey poffibly caa \\y^ cofl- 

iveniently withoBfi.. 
There are many other Caafes of a. Nation's d^ihoog 

f which, i cannot, ac preknt ra:6Ue£^r'bttifiwithout Ad- 

: vantage* front at leaft fome of thefe ; Afber. taraing my 
Thoughts a long tune,. I am. not able txivdifcover 

< from whence our Wealth proceededi,. and therefore 
would- gladly be better informed* In tbe. mean ciine» 
I will here examine what Share falls to Ireland xi,y^fk 

' Caufes, or of the £fiedks and Cbnfequences. 

It is not my Intemion to complain,, but. barely (o- 
relate facts ; and the Matter ia not of fofiaii Import- 
ance; For it ]» allontfed,. that.a Man wk^ liveth in a 
folitary Houfe far from Help, is not wife in endeavour* 
kig to acquire, in the Neighbourhood^ ithe Reputatioa 
of being rich.; beeaofe thole. who Q»mefor Gold, will 

- go off'with Pewter and<Brafs, rather than return empty: 
And, iti the common Practice of the.World,..thoie who 
podefs mod Wealth, make the leaitParade ; which 
they leave to othessV who have no^iing elfe to bear 
them oot, in^ (hewing their Faces on the Exchmigt* 

^ As ta the firft Cauw of a Nation's Richfiii, being the 
Fertility of the Soil^ as well as Temperatnre o( Cii- 
iDate> we have no Keafoato complain^ for although 

- the 

State of I K E LAN D. ,an 

die Qs*nts^ of onpniitabieLliKi in ckis 
xecboiring Bog^^ and JLock, and barren Mo«nuki»- Ue 
double in proportion tt> what it is i» Etigbmdi ytt, 
the. satire Proda^kions wbich both Kingdoms deakia, 
are very near on Equality in Point of -GxtodneTs i-aod 
mighty with the fane Encouragement, be:aauweU ma** 
nufadbired. I except Minqs and fAineiPikr in fome 
of which^ h«ivever». we lire iMilyJdefe^vfc hk point 
of Skill and Indultry. ' .1 • '••,;{ 

U the. Acoiki^ whidi^s»ihei'M«iliy of thtf Be^ple ; 
ear MisforlaiQe . i«» not fdt«fg^tlier oiling toour ova 
Faulty bat t& a Miili^l^o€fi>iio04iragement8. 

Th£ Conyenknc^t of Forts and Havens, which Na« 
^re hath beftowed fo liberally on this Kingdom y is of 
00 more Ufe to os, than a beauoful Fro(pe£t to a Man 
ihut up in a Dnngeon. . . ' . « 

As to Shipping of itsjoviw -A-4^W i* i* unterly ,«|i* 
provided,; febaCiof all-dw; «Koellent Timber cjit dovin 
wicUntbefe Fifty , Of Sixty tVears, il can hardly be 
iaidy that the Nation! hat^i KecQiMe^rthe Beneffi^ of ooe 
valuable Uonie to d«vell in, or one Ship jto' trade with. 

I R E £cJ N D't9 the only .Kingdom I ever heard 
or read of» either in antient or modern Story, which 
was denied the Liberty of exporting their native Com- 
modities and Manufa^ures, where-ever they pleafed ; 
except to Countries at Waf wi^ ihfir own? Priuoe or 
State:. VcJttfcis^Fiivilege^lJby the Srtpptiority of i?«ire 
Power, ^18 refiifed; us, in the moll ,moineatous Farts of 
Commerce-; . befides an A^ of Navigation, to which 
we nev^r contented^ pinned down upon us, and ri- 
gorottfly executed; and a Thoaiand other Mnexam* 
pled Circumftanoes, as giievoos, as they are inviduMis 
to mention. To go unto. the reftw. v . , 

It ,h ^00 wi^lMcpown, that: w6 are fbrc^ to. obey 
^ome Law«.we.neyef(C<»nlbnced to; which* is a Qon^i- 
tion I tlaii^ t»t call by/its true- uncontro verted Name, 
for F^ar of Lord Chief Juihce SVbiiji^edt, GhoA, with 
his * Libtrku ^ natak Soinnh, wiitten a« a Mono, on 


• • • 

* I3€rtj and mj Native Country. 

aw •Art VTEW 4f tb 

Jrii Ootili» as itftMidctheDooraf dieCoort^ wUfe 
' lie mu fojorinr hittMfto hmsvy boiii«. Tiiu, we 
.IH? ih ^OoMiiio»o£ £acic»ti> who havePhyfick 
. lent 4li«in by Doi6bei%««^ DMnioty Smakgen m tfadr 
'CenftiCiitkmy and the Natore o£ thairfid&fe.; Aod 
thus, we wn fbroed to pay Bwm haoiiied jyr Cent. 
' aodeddc 6^ Pityperdas i iti ail whidi^ we have like- 
'wHf die HoMMir t» iM. diftiiigiiiihcd froin tlie whok 
Race of l^ankind.. 

' ,A8 to lmpt^9inm^^f Land, tlioii §sw who at* 

tMipfchaCy or Plaiitiiig^throoghCoveta«foe&Qr Watt 

of Skilly gtn^lly )oa><tiliiiig6 wiorife than Ihty were; 

nettk^Cticoeeding in 'i>rae» nor Hedges $ and by run* 

utiig httothofiaaeyofGuanng, alter the iManner of 

the Stfiiumss ara efery «Day depopoiacing the Qomvrf, 

We are fa far from having a King to ivfide a- 

aoitgtfS) that even 'thie(V«D(»6y is genentHf MxxA 

nibor Fiftha of hlis Time in «he Government. 

:? J Mo Siraftg^r from ^ther Coimtries, make dus a 

Kit^theirTra'Ma; where they can eotj^ed to iee 

nothing, hot Somes of l^ifeay and JMi^bJtion; 

f HOSE who have<th^Mi$fonun4 to be bbm here, 
• Have the lead Title to any confiderabSe Employ meM; 
10 which they are'ftl^pm pr^^smd^ bat 't4xia a po- 
: li^ai Confideradoa. 

Om£ diird Part of dit ReriH of iMwu/ iy ^eAt in 

; Sng/Mdj which, wkh<^hfrlVofiv of Env^oyaieBts, 

' Penfionfr, Appeals, jfoumeys of Pteafore or Heaitb, 

i Bdaca^cm at the hm of Court, and < both Univerfi- 

«e^. Remittances at Pieafane, the Pay of all fnperior 

OfficerB in the Atmyj and other Incidents, will a- 

i nnoaat to a Ml half of the Income of the whole 

Kingdom, all clear P»>fitto England* 

W« ave denied the liberty of fining ^ald, Sflver, 

'•r^even Copper. In the tie ofMi^f fheycoia tbifir 

.Own'iS^/«rr; every fie(cyPrince> VafiU^ 00 the* £inf- 

"00^, -eat)' coin what Moo^y he plOafeHh^^' ^ And in tMs, 

as in ntoft of th^ Anido already mentioned, we are 

an Eji^eption to all other States or Monarchies that 

wjere ever known in the World, 

State of IRELAND. arj 

A & to the laft, dr fboiteeilth Aitkk, we take fpo- 
cial Care to ad diametrically contrary to it in the 
whole Cburfe of our Lives. Both Sexes, but efpeci- 
aliy the Women, defpife and abbojr to wear 'any of 
their own Man ufaAures,. even thofe which are better 
made than in other Countries ; pardcnlariy a Sort ef 
Silk Plaid, through which the Workmen are forced 
to run a Sort of Gqld Thread that it may pafs for 
Inditm. Even Ale and Potatoes are' imported from 
England as well as Corn : And our foreign Trade i& 
little .more than Importation of /r^iir^ Wine ; for 
which I am told we pay ready Money, 

Now, if an this be true, upon which I could ea^ 
enlarge* I would be gkd to* know by what, fecret 
Method it ia, that we grow a ridi and fioariihiog 
People, without Liberty, Trade^ MtmufliBvm^ Inha-^ 
bitantSy Money y Or the PrMlege of Coining ; without 
Indufiry, Labour^ or Impro*vement 9^ Landj, find v/iti^ 
more than half the Rent and Psofits of the whole 
Kingdom, annually exported ^ for- which we* receive 
not a iingle Farthing «: And to make up ail this, 
nothing worth mentionsng, excqjt jths Linen of the 
Noriby a Trade cafual, corrupted, and atMerc)?;^^ 
and fome Botttr from Go$^, H* we do.ioucifliy it 
mufb be againft every Law of Nature aiKl>Reafoiy; 
like the Thorn at Glaflenbury^ that blofiometh in the 
Midil of Winter. 

Let the worthy Commffioners who come from JS«f-~. 
landyi fide round the Ktngddin^ and' ebferve- the' Face 
of {Mature, ox the Faces of the Natives ; thelnoiprbVt- 
m«nt of the Land; the. thriving numerous rPlantatt- 
ODs $ the noble Woods ; the Abimdance and Vicini- 
ty o£ Country "feats; the commodious Fariiiers Hoofes 
and Barns ; the Towns and Villages, where every 
body \% bufy, and thriving with all Kind ofMaiku* 
fa^lureii;. the Shops full of Goods, -wrought ^ to Per- 
fedlon, and £Ued with CoHomers ; the, cDmiortabie 
Diet and Dreiii, and Dwellings of^ the People ; tdie 
vafi Number of Ships in our Harisours: ondDocks^ 
and Ship^wnghts in our Sea^port Towa3;, thetEoadk 


t>J4 ^fi^ VIEW rf fh$ 

ciOwdDd witkCacsiers, Men #iA ridi Maiififiiaiits, 
tie perpetuaiC<niooiuie to aadi h^ of pompo^E^iu- 

WiTH wbtt Bnvy and Admirafttoa wodM tMr 
QcndeBieii jretnm Iroar fo ddi^ktfbi a Fn»gRf»? 
What glonouft Repom wodid th«7 solBeMviiea they 
went back to Enghmdf 

^ BvT aiy Heart is loa heavy fi»c<mtine liii»iroi|r 

kmger; mieisinanfeft, dial vtdiatteverS&ranger took 

fbch a Joornejp, would ^ apt to dikik hnafelf tnvri* 

.line, ki L^kmi or ir^AaMi^ nabcr tka» » aContiy 

fotavoiuedbyNatweraseiirs, bMh inFnikfiihwftn 

\Soi^« and Tenpcrame of CMMate v Tbe nafenble 

?l>rers oKl/Diet, andDwdHng of dbr Ptople: The 

ttneiai DefaiatioB innnftPaits of the Xjagdov: 

The old Seats of the Nobility andGeawy all inRoms, 

asKk ao new ones in their Stead : Tke FamBics of 

Farmess,, who pay great Rents,, living ia PM wi 

Naftioefe iifx>n fiiater*an]k and Fbtatoes/ witheit a 

8faoeorStockiagtoihdrFeec» oraHovfe Ibcosre- 

. nient as an Bmgi^ Hog-fty, to teceiTe then : ThciCr 

kdeed may beeaaiibitabk S^bt&to aa Btt^^- 

.ftator^ who comctk far a flNWt Time, only t» itan 

iht Lmgmgii and retumeth back eo his own Coua- 

tiy^ whether he fiadeth all Our Weakh tran&uttni^ 

Nofird Mtfirid magna es^. 

TH<n;B/is not oneAtgnnent nied tr piwe^ 

Riches of hebmd^ whick is not a logitai 'Dtmao^^ 

' Ikm ofats Povec^; The Rife df o«r Renta^ is{<{aee^ 

cd oift of .^e very Bfood^ and Vitals, and Closibi 

i and Dwellings of die Tenants i wl» iim woHe tha& 

EngH/b Beggm. The Lowneis of intereft, ioallo- 

. ther Coonories; a Sign of Wealth, is in ns a Proo^ ^ 

• Mifefy •; there beii^ no Trade tb en^y any ^' 

tower. . Henbe, akme, conte^ die Deanwfi ^L^* 

. fince thjB Saveiii haire no other Way to by oat their 

^Money.' Hence tiu Deaniefs of NecefiaitoftrLtf«>' 

hoeiuire tbeTeoana cswot afeod to^ay (acfrcxtri- 

, ■ ,.j vugaBt 

Stat* of IREL ANH. it^ 

vagaat Jlates ibr Laii4» 1«eUcb thqr mA iake:^r got 
a-begging) mtjxm xaiiii^ 4he Friice of Cftttlcu iUnd 
of Coni, Although tbeiniehw fiHottld iUv« upoQdiftC 
Heace our Incycafe of Rniidings in AisiCs^i ibe* 
cau£evWQck*oieabawiiiQtluiigito da« bittie«ii:le3ri>ne 
aooibw;. and ont^sii fii^wEk MciafiJIibly «nd^ii<». 
Hence, ihse dai)y lacceare ^ Bankers ; ^« msiy jbc 
a neceilkry.Evil in a tradM^-Coontry* jb«( Tp i»iiw 
otts ia^^urs^ wbiO» for tbeir fuivatp Adviiiitagc» jbavc 
feQt«w9^ all our Silvfir^ and ^oe Third of owr Gold I 
fo tbatw^tbin tbse^ Years paiS^ th(: fttnoingQafli of 
the Nation, wbkb was about Five ;bandred ^tboUittml . 
PooQjds, is now lei&4han two 4 aiwl rniuft daily dimt* 
nifi), ttDle(sw€ bave iLibectytocoiib asmvcU as ^tbat 
important Kingdom .tbe.Ifle ioflMan ; and ^tbse mean* 
eft Prince an the •German Ea^jpijBfi^ as I befoie obfenred* 

I have fomctun^ thoitgbt that tbb Pacadoxiof ^tbf 
Kingdom growing rich, is chieHy owiijig cto .tho6 
worthy Gentlemen the BANKERS ; who, except 
fome Cuflom-houfe Officers, Birds of Pafiage, op- 
preffive thrifty *Sqaires, and a few others who (hall 
benamelefs, are the only thriving. People among us : 
And I have often wiihed, that a Law were enaded 
to hang up half a Dozen Bankers every Year ; and 
thereby interpofe at leaft fome ihort Dday, to the 
' further Ruin <tf Ireland, 

TE are idle^ ye are idle^ anfwered Pharaoh to the 
Ifraelites, when they complained to his Majefy, that 
. tkey were forced to make Bricks without Straw. 

ENGLAND cnjoycth every one of thofc Advan- 
tages for enriching a Nation, which I have above 
enumerated; and into the Bargain, agoodMillioa 
retarned to them every Year, without Labour or 
Hazard, or one Farthing Value received on our Side. 
But how long we fhall be able to continue the Pay- 
meilt, I am not under the leaft Concern. One Thing 
I know, that, when the Hen is fiaroed to Deaths then 
'willbe no more Golden Eggs, 

I think it a littl^unhofpitable, and others may call 
it afubtile Piece of Malice ; that, becaufe there may 


ai6 A Mt VIEW o/, &c. 

be a dosen Pamilies ia diisTown, -able to enteitalt 
their Eng^Jh Friends in a generoas Manner at their 
TabMs ; ttbek Guefts, "upon their Return to Engiand, 
fliall report, tbat we wauow in 'Riches and Luxury. 
• -Yet, I confeft, I have known antiofpital where 
all the HooAiold Oficers ^ew rich ; while the Poor, 
lor' whofe Sake itwas4>a3t, werealmoft ftarvingfor 
wantof-Food and Raisient. 

'. To'COnciode: ^If Inland he a rich and ftonriihing 
Kingdom ; ks Wealth and Profperity moft be owing 
to certain Can(es, that are yet concealed from the 
whole Race of Mankind^ and the Eifeds are equally 
invUtble. We need not wonder at Strangers, when 
they deliver inch Paradoxes ; bat a Native and In- 
babitant of this ILin^om, who gives the fame Ve^ 
di£t, maft be either ignorant to Stupidity, or a Man- 
^aicr, at the Expenceof all Honour, Coofdence^ 
and Ttuth, 

« . 


A N 


T O A 

PA P E R» 


A Memorial of the poor Inhabitants, 
Tradefmen, and Labourers of the King- 
dom of IRELAND. 

'Written in che Tear 1728. 

I Received a Paper from you, whcre-ever you arci 
printed without any Name of Author or Printer; 
and fcnt, I fuppote, to me among others, with* 
out any particular IHfBnftion. It containeth a Com- 
plaint of the Deamefs of Com ; and fome Schemes 
of making it cheaper, which I cannot approve of. 

But, pray permit mc, before I go further, to give 
you a fhort Hmory of the Steps, by which we amved 
at this hopeful Situation. 

It was indeed the fhameful Pradice of too many 
Jrifi Farmers, to wear out their Ground with Plow- 
ing ; while, either through Poverty, Lazinefs, or I- 
gnorance, they neither tooK Care to manure it as they 
ought ; nor gave Time to any Part of the Land to 

Vol. IV. U recovet 

ai8 Jn ANSWER to 

recover it£slf: And when their Leafes were ne&r ex- 
piring, being aflured that their Landlords would not 
renew, they plowed even the Meadows, and made 
fttch a HavocK, that manyXandlords were coMa- 
able Sufferers by it. 

This gave Birth to that abominable Race of Gra* 
ziers, who, i|pon Expiration of the Farmers Leafe!, 
were ready to engrofs ereat Quantities of Land; and 
the Gentlemen having been l>ef ore, often ill paid, and 
their Land worn out of Heart, were too eafily tem- 
pted, when a rich Grazier made him an Ofltr to 
cake all his Land, and give him Security for Pay- 
ment. Thus, a vaft Tra£l of Land, .where Twenty 
or thirty Farmers lived together, with their Cotta- 
gers and Labourers in their feveral Cabins, became 
all defolate, and eafily managed by one or two 
Herdfmen and their Boys ; whereby the Mailer 
Grazier, with little Trouble, {bizcd to himfelf tlie 
Livelihood of an hundred People. 

It muft be confeffed, that the Farmers werejufily 
punifhed for their Kaavtry, Brutality^ and Folhf, Bat 
neither are the ^Squires and Landlords to be excafedj 
for to them, is owing the depopulating of the Con^r), 
the vaft Number .of JS^^^j, and the Ruin of thoie 
few forry Improvements we had. 

That Farmers ihould be limited in Plowing, « 
very reafonable, and pradlifed in England ; andnigbt 
have eafily been done here, by .penal Clau&sintbdr 
Leafes : But to deprive them, in a Manner, altoge- 
ther from tilling their Lands, was a.mofl ibpid Want 
of Thinking. 

Had the Farmers been confined to plow a certam 
Quantity of Land, with a Penalty of Ten Pounds an 
Acre, for whatever they exceeded ; and farther li" 
mited for the Three or four laft Years of their Lcafcsj 
all this Evil had bqen prevented ; the Nation would 
have faved a Million of Money i and been morcp<>' 
pulous by above T'wo hundred thou/and Bonis. 

For a People denied the Benefit of Tri^^Sf, to manage ; 

their Lands in fuch a Manner, as to produce no^l 

'^ but 

a MEMORIAL, Gfr. iig 

Bat what they are forbidden to trade with ; or, only 
iiich Things as they can neither export, nor manufa- 
fture to Advantage, is an Abfurdity, that a 'wild In- 
iian wouI4 be afhamed of; efpecially when we add^ 
diat we are content to porchafe this hopeful Commerce, 
by fending to foreign Markets for our daily Bread. 

The Grazter^s Employment is to feed great Flocks 
of Sheep, OT black Cattle^ or both. With Regard to 
Ueefi as Folly is ufaally accompanied with Perverfe- 
Hcfs, fo it is here. " There is fomething fo monftrous to 
deal in a Commodity, (further th^n for our own Ufe) 
which wc are not allowed to export manufadtured, nor"" 
even anmattufa£lared^ bat to one certain Country, and 
only to {omefewj Ports in that Country; there is, I 
fay, fomething foibttiih, that it wanteth a Name in 
our Language totxprefs it by : And thfe Good of it 
is, that the more Sheep we have,' the fewer human 
Creatures are left to wear the Wool, or eat the Flejh. 
jfax-v/2s mad when hemiftook a Flock of Sheep for 
his Enemies-: But we; (haU never be> fobcr, until we 
have the fame Way of Thinking. 

The other Part o£ the Graziers Bufinefs is, what 
we caH' black Cattle i produciirg Hides, Tallow, and 
^^^ for Exportation. Alt Which, are good and afeful> 
Commodities,, if rightly managed. But it feems, the 
greateft Part of the^fl/V/tfJ arefent out raw, for Want 
of Bark to tan them ; and that Want will daily groW" 
ftronger:. Ebrj I doubt, the new Projcdt of Tanning 
without it, is at an End. Our Beef, I am afraid, ftilt 
contimietHfcandalous in foreign Markets, for the old 
Reafons. But our Thllo*w, for any thing I know^ 
may be good. However, to beftow the whole King- 
dom on Beef and Mutton, . and thereby drive out half 
the People who fhould eat their Share, and force the 
reft to fend fometimes as far as Egypt, for Bread to it, 
is a moil peculiar and diftinguifhed Piece of publick 
Geconomy ; of which I have no Comprehenfion. 

I know very well, that our Anceftors, the Scythians^ 
and their Pofterity our Kinfmen the Tartars, lived 
upon the Blood and Milk, and raw Fleih of their 

U X. Cattle, 

220 At ANSWt.^t^ 

Catde, without one Grain of Ctm ; but I eomMf 
myfelf fo degenerate, that I am not eafy without 
Brtoii to my Viduals. 

What amazed me for a Week Of two, was to fee, 
in this prodigious Plenty of Caaltf and Dearth of iw* 
man Creatures, and Want of Brtad^ as weU as M^vtj 
to buy it, that all Kind of FUfo-meat Cbould be ]&<»• 
ftrottfly dear, beyond what was ever known in this 
Kingdom. I thought it a Defed in the I^aws ; that 
there was not fome Regulation in the Pfice of /Zgi^». 
as well as Bread: But I imagine myielf to havo 
sneffed out the Reaibn. In ihart» I am apt to think^ 
roat the whole Kingdom is oveiftocked with CauU^ 
hoth Black and White : And, as it i» obferved, that 
the poor Ir0? have a Vanity, to be rather Owners of 
two lean Cows, than one fat^ although with dosfak 
the Charge of Grazing, and bat half the Qoantity 
of Milk; io I conceive it much more difficult at pre- 
Cent, to find a fat Bvihck, or Wedder, than it wosU 
be, if hsdf of both were fairly knocked on the Head: 
For, I am aiTured, that the Diftrid in the fcvenl 
Markets, ealled Carrion-rmny is as reaibaable as the 
foot can defire ; only the Circumftance of BUuejf u 
furch^fe it ; and of Trade, or LaBear to pyrchef/p thai 
Mmey ; are, indeed, wholly wanting. 

No w» Sir, to return more particiuarly to yoa^ and 
your MenK>rial. 

A Hundred thoufand Barrels of Wheat, yoa lay^ 
fliould be imported hither; and Ten thoo&nd Pounds 
Pramtinm, to the laportQrs^ Have you looked inta 
the Purie of the Nation? lamaoComwConerofthn 
Trea/wy ; but am well a^!hred, that the whcde rmi- 
ning Cajh, would not fupply yoa with a Sam to par- 
chafe fo much Corn ; which, only at twenty SUUings 
a Barrel, will be a Hundred thobfand Pounds ; awl 
Ten thoufand more for the Pntmuem.. But yoa will 
traffick for your Cwm with othec Goods: And wheie 
are thofe Goods ? If you had them, they are all en- 
caged to pay the Rents of Abjknteei, and other Occa« 
nous in Imkn i, beiide& a hvisfi Babnce of Trade this 


a MEMORIAL, (^c. 221 

Year againft us. Will Foreigners take oar Banlcers 
Paper ? I Aippofe they will value it at little more 
than fo much a Quire. Where are thefe rich Farm" 
srs and IngroJ/irs of Com, in fo bad a Year> and ib. 
little fowing ? 

You are in Pain of Two Shillings Pramiumy. and! 
ibrget the Twenty Shillings for the Price ; find/ me^ 
00c the latter, and I will engage for the former. 

Your Scheme for a Tax for raifing fuch a Sum, is 
all vifionary; and owing to a great Want of Know- 
ledge in the miferabU State of this Nation. Tea^ Cof" 
fity Sugar, Spiers, IVifu, and foreign Cloaths, are the 
Particulars you mention, upon which this Tax ihould 
be raifed. J will allow the two firfc ; becaufe they 
are unwholefome : And the lail, becaufe I ihould be 
glad if they were all burned ; but, I beg you will leave 
as our Wine, to make us a while forget our Mifery ; 
or give your Tenants to plow for Barley. But 
1 will tell you a Secret, which I learned many Years 
ago from the Commiflioners of the Cuftoms in London : 
They faid, when any Commodity appeared to be taxed 
above a moderate Rate, the Confequence was to leifea 
that Branch of the Revenue by one Half; and one of 
thofe Gentlemen pleafantiy told me, that the Miftake 
of Parliaments, on fuch Occafions, was owing to an 
Error of computing two and two to make four;, 
whereas, in the Bufinefs of laying hea^y Impofitions, 
two and two never made more than one r which hap- 
peneth by leffening the Import, and the itrongTem- 
ptation of running fuch Goods as paid high Ducies». 
At lead in this Kingdom, , although the Women . are: 
as vain and as extravagant as theis Lovers,, ur their 
Hafbands can deferve ; and the Men are. fond enoughs 
of Wine ; yet the Number of both,, who can afford: 
{uch Expences, is fo imall, that the: major Part mud 
refufe gratifying themfelves ; and< the Duties will ra- 
ther be leiTened than increaied.. But, allowing no- 
Force in this Argument; yet ^ preternatural a Sum, aa« 
One hundred and ten thoufand Pounds, raifed all on a 
SuddcDy (for there is no dallying with Hunger) Ls juHia.. 

U 3;, Progortioin 

tn ^ ANSWER Dr 

FtopoctioB wiUi noAag a MHUoo and a Huttmitig-^ 
iawd I which* as Things now iaiid* would prabaUj^ 
bring thar opulent Kingdom under fuch D&cuhses* 

You are concerned^ how ffarange and Airf)dfiBg it 
would be in foreign Parts, to hear that tbe Poor wef« 
ftarvittg in a rich Country, Vc^ Are you in earllaft^ 
Is Irtiatul the rich Couotiy you mean ? Or are yo«> tOr 
fuItingonrPav<r/jr/ Were jou ever out oilrtkamdf 
Or were you ever in it until of late ? Ycmi may pro- 
bably have a good Employraenr, and ara &ving att. 
vou can, to purchafe a good Eftsue in En^Umdl But 
by talking i^ familiarly of One hundsed and teir 
thouiand rounds, by a Tax upon a few Commti£iUs\ 
it k plain, you are either naturally or aifeflediy igno» 
rant of our prefent Condition ; or elfe you would knoap 
and allow, that fuch a Sum b not to be raiied here^ 
without a general Exci/e ; £n£e^ in Propoctioo tA our 
Wealth, we pay already in Taxes more than Ej^laad 
ever did, in the Height of the War. And when you 
have brougfbt over your Com, who will be the Buy- 
ers } MoS certainly not the Poor,, who will not be 
Me to purchale the Twentieth Pait of it. 

SiR» upon the Whole, your P^)ef is a very cnidr 
Piece, liable to more; Objedions than t^re are lines ;, 
but, I thinks your Meaning b good^^^ andfo far you 
are pardonable. 

. If you wUl propofe a general Contribution, in fup» 
porting the Poor VBk.Petaioes and Batter-miik, undl the 
new Com cometh in, perhaps yoa may iiicceed better p 
becaufe the Thing, at leaft,.ispoffible; aiid» Fdiink, 
if our Brethren in England would Gonmbate^ upon this. 
Emergency, out of ^e Ad&Uion they gain every 
Year, they would da a Piece of Jufitce as well as G&s- 
Hty, III die mean time, go and preach to your own; 
Tenants, to fall to the Plough asfaft as they can ; and 
prevail wiliiyour neighbouring 'Squires to do the fome* 
with theirs ; or elfe din with the Guik of having driven^ 
away half the Inhabitants, and ibrving the reft. Far, 
as to your Scheme of raiiing One hundred and- temihen* 
fattd Fwnds^ it is aa vain as that of Reibdaiii whidiiaa 


fti^mtae out Wind fson the PefteiioM of a dead* 

But, wliy all iliis Concern for the Poor ? We want 
tfeem no^ as the Cooady is bow managed ? they may 
fi>liow Thousands of their Leaders, and feek their 
Bread ahsoad. Where the Plough hath no Woric, 
one Family can do the Bufine& of. Fifty^ aad voa 
may fend away the other f orty^mne. An. adnL- 
rable Piece of Huibandry, never known or< pra^ifed 
by the wiTeA Nations;, who erroneonfly thought 
People to be the Richea of a Country.. 

If Co wretched a ^ate of Thtnga woeld allow it^ 
methinks t could have a iiialicioa» Pleafure, after all 
^ Warnine 1 have in vain given the PuUick, at my 
own Peril, lor {breral Years pail ; to fee the Confe-^ 
quences aiMl Es^nts anfwering in every Particular. I 
pretend to no Sagacity, : What I v^ht was little more 
tkan what I had difcourfed to feveral Perfons, who- 
were generally of my Opinion ; and» ir was obvionii ta 
every common Under(Ufiding», that fuch Sfiedsmuft. 
Beeds follow, from fuch^Catties. A fair liTue of Things^ 
begun upon Far^ Rage, while^^fome facriiced chePu* 
blick to Fury, ando£ers to Ambition: While aSptrit 
of Fa^oo and Opprefiion reigned in every Part of the 
Count» ; where Gentlemen»infl:ead of confuldng the 
£aie of theiFTcoan&y or culbvatiog their Lands, were 
worrying one another, upon Points of Ifiing and Tory, 
of lUgh-Churck and Lo^v^Umrch ; which no more con-^ 
cerned them, than the long and famons Controverfy of 
Stropi for ISMors: Whilfi Jgriculhir§ was wholly dif* 
couraged^juK^confequendy half the Farmers»andLa«> 
bourers, and poor Trade£aien» ibsced to Beggary or 
BaiuJObmeot: Wifiiom crieth in the Struts i^^scau/e I 
^<rve caUtd im yfi ; I have firttched wt tny Hand^ and no 
•Minsr regifrdtdii. Bntjf ifosuejitt at aongkt aii ntf Catm^ 
fiiiy tmdnjumdd nwe •/ my Sgffroof. laffo. nuilL laugh 
otywr Calami J ^ and' nmckwhtn your Fear cometb. 

I have now done with your Memorial, and fredy 
oxcufe yourMiftakes, fmce yon appear to write as a 
Stiaager,,ajad aioCa Country uduch. is Jeftat Liberty 


2354 ^« ANSWER tv 

to enjoy the benefits of Nature ; and to make die beff 
of thofe Advantages which God hath given it in Soil^ 
Climate, and Situation. 

But having lately fent out a Paper, endded, AJhort 
Vitw of the Siate ^jO^elandr and hearing of an Ob^ 
je£don, that fome People think I have treated the Me- 
mory of theiate Lord Chief Jaftice IFbitJheJ, with an 
Appearance of Severity. Since I may not probably have 
another Opportunity of explaining myfelf^in that Par- 
ticular, I chufe todo it here : Laying it therefore down 
for a Poftulatum ; which, I foppofe, will be nniver^y 
granted ; That no little Creature^ of fo ffuan a Birth 
and Geniu6» had ever the Honour to be a greater Enemf 
to his Country, and to all Kinds of Virtue, than HE. 
I aniwer thus ; whether there be two different God-^ 
defies called Fame, as fome Mth(N^ contend, or only 
one Goddefs, (bunding two different Trumpets ; it is 
certain, that People diftinguiihed for their VilUay^ 
have as good a Tide for a Blafl from the proper Tntm* 
fet, as thofe who are moil renowned for dieir Firtues, 
have frbm the other ; and have equal Reafon to com* 

gain, if it be refofed them. And accordingly, the 
ames of the mod celebrated Frofiigates, have been 
faithfully tranfmitted down to Pofterity. And although 
die Perfon here underftood, aSed his Part in an obfcore 
Comer of the World \ yet his Talents might have 
ihone with Lu(h-e enough in the nobleft Scene. 

• As to my naming a Perfon dead, the pkin honeft^ 
fteafon is the beft. He was armed with Power, Guilt, 
and Will to do Mifchief, even wHere he was not pro- 
voked ; as af^eared by his profecuting two Frinters, 
one to Deaths and both to Ruin, who had'neidierof* 
fended God, nor the King, nor him,^nor the Publick. 
What an Encouragement to Vice is this ? If an ill 
Man be alive, and in Power, we dare not attack him; 
and if he be weary of. the World, or of his own Villa- 
nies, he hath nothing to do but to die, and then his 
Reputation is fafe. For thefe excellent Cafuiilsknow 
juil Latin enough to have heard a moft fooliih Precept^ 
that de mortuis nil nifi bmum ; fo that i£^ Berates y and 


aMEMOJLIAU &€. 225 

jtt^Hu his Accafer, hjid happened to die together, the 
Charity of Survivers moft either have obliged them ta 
hold their peace, or to £x the fame Chara&er on both*. « 
The only Crioie of thacging the Dead, is when the 
leaft Doubt reroaineth^ whether the Accofations be 
true; but vi^n Men are openty ataandoned, and loft 
to an Shame, they have no Reafon to think it hard, IB 
their Memory be reproached. Whoever reporteth, or 
otherwife publiOieth any thin^, which it is poffibte- 
may be falfe, that Man is a &nderet. Hie mger efi^ 
hmc tu Romane caveto. Even the leaft Mirreprefenta»>^ 
tion, or Aggravation of Fadis, deferves the fame Cen- 
fiire i» fome Degree : But ki this Cafe I am quite de« 
ceived, if my Ejfror hath not been on ^ Side of Ex*^ 

X have now prefent belbre me» the Idea of ftme 
Ferfons, (I know not in what Part of the World) who* 
%^d every Moment of their Lives, (and every Tura 
of their Thoughts while they are awake, and probablji^ 
ef their Dreams while they fleep) in the moft deteftable 
Adtions and Defigns; who delight in Mi/chiefs Scaiulai^ 
^d Ohio^^ with the Hatred and Ccntemt of all Man-^ 
kind agamft tkem ; but chiefly of tho(e among theijs 
own Party, and dieir own Family; fuch, whofe oMetu 
^lities rival each other for Perfe^on : Avarict^ 
Brutalkj^ Faaim. ?ridt^ MaUce^ Treachery^ Nnfi^, 
^"piidenee, Dukejs, Igmrance, Fanitfy and R§veng% 
^Qtendincr every Moment for Superiority in theic 
Breaftft. Such Creatures are not to be reformed^; net- 
w is it Prudence or Safety to attempt a Reformatioa* 
J^i ahfaonjgh their Memories will rou there may bet 
«)me Benefit ftr their Sorvivers to finell it while it it 

I am^ S I K 

Dvaim, March 25., 

Tour hoMilc StfVttni^ 

A. B. 



F O R- 

Preventing the Children of poor Peo- 
ple in I R ELAN D from being a 
Burden to their Parents or Country > 
and for making them beneficial to> 
the Publick. 

Written in the Year 1729. 

IT is a melancholy Objeft to thofe who walk thibughf 
this great Town, or travel in the Country; when 
tiiey fee the Sfrtets, the Roaifs, and- CMn Doors 
crowded with Beggars' of tlfc Female S^^, followed 
by Three, Four, or Six Children,^ off in Rags^ and 
importuning every Paflenger' for> ^ Alms. Thcfe 
Mothers^ inKcad of being a We to^oA: forrthcir ho- 
neft Livelihood, are forced to employ all their 'Time 
in ftroUing to beg Stlftenance^ for their helffefs Infants ; 
who, as they gfow up, either txxfn\Thie<ves for want 
of Work; or leave their dear nafi<ve Country to Jigbt 
for the Pretender in Spain,, or fell, themfelves to 

I think it is agreed by all Parties, that this prodi- 
gbus Number of Children in ihe Aims, or, on the 


^ Modejl P R O P O S A L, fifr. ,227 

Backs, or at the Hetls of their Moibers, and fteqoendy 
of their Fathers^ is, in the frefent deplorable State of the 
Kingdom, a very great additional Grievance ; and 
therefore, whoever could, iindout a fair, cheap, and 
eafy Method of making thefe Childcen found and 
Aifeful. Members of the Conunonwealth, would der 
ferve fo well of the Publick as to have his Statue fet 
Jip for a Preferver of ^the^Nation. 

But- my Intention is very far from being confined 

to provide only for the Children of profejfed B^ars^ 

It is of a much greater Extent, and ihall take in the 

whole Number of Infants at a certain Age, who are 

born of Parents, in eifed as little able to fuppoft 

them, as thofe who demand our Charity in the Streets. 

As to niy own>Part, Having turned. my Thoughts 

for many Years, upon this important Subjedl ; and 

maturely weighed -the (everal Schemes of other Proje* 

^ors, I have always found them grofly miflaken in 

their Computatdon. It is true, a Child juji droft 

from its Dam, may be fupported by her Milk, for a 

Solar Year. witli little other Nouriihment ; at moft 

not above the .Value of Two Shillings ; which the 

Mother may certainly get, or the Value in Scraps, by 

her lawful Occupation of Begging: And it is exadUy 

at one Year old, that I.propofe to .provide for them 

in fuch a Manner, as, inflead of being a Charge upr 

on their Parents, or the Parijh, or rwanting Food cmd 

Raiment for^the reft, of their Lives ; they ihall, on the 

contra^, xontribute to the Feeding, and partly to the 

Cloathing of many Thoufands. 

Ther£ is Hkewife another great Advantage in my 
Scheme, that it will prevent thof^ ^voluntary Portions, 
and that hornd Practice of Women murdering their Bo' 
ford Children i alas !»too frequent among us; facrificing 
the poor innocent young Babes, I doubt, more to avoid 
the Expence than the Shame $ which would move 
Tears and Pity in the moft favage and inhuman Breaft". 

The Number of Souls in Ireland beine ufually 
teckoned one MiUion and a half; of thefe Icalculate 
^ere may be about Two hundred thoufand Couple 


a28 A Modeji PROPOSAL 

nnhdk. Wivetare Bretdcn; from whkh Noaibcri 
fobtraft Tlnity thoufaDd CoBple, who am Mt to 
maiocam their own Children; although I apprehend 
tiiere cannot be {o many, under th^fnftni Difireffes ^ 
ibt Kingdom i but, this being granted, dKre will remaia 
* an Hundred and feventy thoofand Breeders. I again 
Aibtraft Fifty thoukod, for dioTe Women who mif- 
carry, or whofe Children die by Accident, or Difeafe 
within the Year. There only remain an Hundred 
ttod twenty thoafand Children of poor Parents, an* 
nually bom : The Qoeftion therefore is, How this 
Number (hall be reared and provided for ? Which, as 
I have already faid, under the prefent Situation of Af^ 
fairs, is utterly impoffible, by all the Methods hitherto 
propofed : For we can neiiber emplty them in Hamli' 
trafi er Agricmiiure ; we neidier build Houies, (t 
mean in the Country) nor cultivate Land : They can 
rtry feldom pick up a Livelihood^ ij Stealmg^ until 
they arrive at Six Years old j except where they are 
of towardly Parts ; akhongh, I ooniefs, diey learn the 
Rudiments much eariier ; durine which Time, t^ 
can, however, be properly looked upon only as Fr^» 
Hwirs s as I have been informed by a principal Gen- 
deman in the County of CanoM^ who protefted to m^ 
diat he nevet knew above one or two Inftances amier 
^ Age of Six, even in a Pait of the Kingdom^ rf» 
nvumedfor the qmckeft Proficieney in that Art, 

I am afliired by our Merchants, that a Boy or a 
Girl faqefore Twelve Years old, is no faleable Com- 
modity ; and even when they come to this Age, thej 
will not yield above Three Pounds,or Three Pounds 
and Half a Crown at moft, on the Exchange ; which 
cannot turn to Account either to die Parents or King- 
dom s the Charge c^ Nutriment and Rags, having 
been at leaft four times that Value. 

I ihall now therefore humbly propofe my own 
Thoughts ; which I hope will not be liable to the leaft 

I have been aflbred by a veiy knowing America 
of mf Acouaintaace in Lemhn s that a young healthy 


id the ?UBtlCK. 219 

diild, well aQfTed, is, at a Year old, a mod delicious, 
DOurKhing, and wholefgine Food ; Jwhether fiem.edj 
roaftedf bak$d^ or imkd\ and I make no doubt, that 
it will equally ferve in a Fricafie or Ragout. 

I do therefore humbly offer it to puhlick Conjidera" 
tim^ that, of the Hundred and twenty thoufand 
Children already computed. Twenty thoufand may 
be referved for Breed ; whereof only one fourth Part 
to be Males J which is more than we allow to Shcep^ 
hlack Cattle^ or Simnei and my Reafon is, that thefe 
Children are feldom the Frdts of Marriage, a Cir- 
amfiance not much regarded by our Savages ; ' therefore 
one Male will be fufficient to krve/our Females. That 
the remaining Hundred thoufand, may, at a Year 
©Id be offered in Sale to • the Petfons of polity and 
Fortune through the Kingdom ; always advifmg the 
Modier to let them fuck plentifolJy in the laft Month, 
fo as to render them plump, and fat for a good Table. 
A. Child will nnake two Dilhes at an Entertainment 
for Friends ; and when the Family dineth alone, the 
' fore or hind Quarter will make a reafonable Difh ; 
and, feafoned with a little Pepper or Salt, will be very " 
good boiled on the fourth Day, efpecially in Winter, 

I have reckoned upon a Medium, that a Child 
juil born will weigh twelve Pounds j and in a folar 
Year, if tolerably nurfed, increkfcth to Twenty eight 
■ Pounds. 

I grant this Food will be fomewhat dear, and 
therefore very proper for Landlords i who, as they have 
already devoured mofl of the Parents, feem to have 
the beft Title to the Children. 

Inpakts Flelh will be in Seafon throughout the 
Year ; but more plentiful in March, and a little be- 
fore and after: For we are told by a grave * Author, 
an eminent Fr/ffr^ Phyfician, that FiJ^ being a prolifik 
Diet^^ there are more Children born in Roman Cathc^ 
lick Coi/ntrier ahont nine Months after Lent, than at 
any other Seafon : Therefore reckoning a Year afttr 

Vol. IV. X Lent, 

^ Rabelais. 

230 J M9je/l?KO?OSM. 

LtHtf the Markets will be more glutted tkan ufaal $ 
becaofe the Number of Popijlf Im/amts^ is at Icaft, three 
to one in this Kingdom ; and therefore it will have 
one other collateral Advantage* by leHening the Num- 
ber of Bapifts among us. 

I have already computed the Charge of .nurfiag a 
Beegar*s Child (in which Lift I reckoB all Cottagers, 
ht^urersy and four Fifths of the Farmers) to be abont 
two Shillings fer Annum, Rags incloded ; and, I be^ 
lieve, no Gentleman woold repine to give ten Shil- 
lings for the Carcafs of a g^d fat CkiJd, whicb» as 1 
have faid, will make four Diibes of excellent nutri- 
tive Meat, when he hath only fome particular Friend, 
or his own Family to dine with him. Thns the 
^Squire will learn to be a good Landlord, and grow 
popular among his Tenants i the Mother will Ihave 
eight Shillings neat Profit, and. be fit for Wbric until 
fhe -producetA another Child. 

Those who are more thrifty (its Imufi eoufefs tht 
Times require) may flay the Carca^ ; dbe Skin <^ which 
artificially drefled^ will make admirable G/ovesfer 
Ladies, and Summer Boots for fine Gentlemen i 

As toour City of /^/^M/s^s Shambles maybe ap- 
pointed for this Purpofe, in the mofl convenient Parts 
of it ; and Butchers, we may be aflhred, will not be 
yvanting ; although I rather recovn^end buying die 
Children alive, and drefiing them hot from the Knife, 
as we do roafting ?igu 

A very worthy Pcrfon, a true Lever rf his Cetah 
try, and whofe Virtues 1 highly eileem, was lately 
pleafed, in difcourfing on this Matter, to offer a Re« 
finemcnt upon my Schenae. He faid, that many Gen- 
tlemen of this Kingdom, having of late deftroyed their 
Deer ; he conceived, that the Want of Venifon might 
be well fupplied by the Bodies of yoiuig Lads amd 
Maidens, not exceeding fbupteen Years of Age, nor 
linder twelve ; fo great a Number of both Sejces in 
ever County being now ready to ftarve, for Want of 
Work and Service : And thefe to be difpoied of by 
their Parents, if alive, or otherwife, by their nearefl 


to the PUBLICK. 231 

Relations. But, with due Deference to fo excellent a 
Friend, and fo deferving a Patriot, I cannot be alto- 
gether in. his Sentiments. P'or as to the Males my A' 
«!^r/Vj» Acquaintance aflured/ine from frequent Expe- 
rience, that their Flelh was generally tough and lean, 
like that of our School-boys, by continual Exercife j 
and their Tafte difagreeable ; and to fatten them 
would not anfwcr the Charge. Then, as t6 the Fe- 
males, it would, I think, with humble Submiffion, 
he a Lofs to the Puhiick^ becaufe they foon would be- 
come Breeders themfelves: And befidesit is not im- 
probable, that fome fcrupulous People might be apt 
toccnfure fuch a PradUce (although indeed ytry unjuft- 
h) as a little bordering upon Cruelty; which, I con- 
rcfs, hath always been with me the IlrongeftObjedlioa • 
againft any Projed, how well {bever intended. 

BtJT, in ofder to juftify my Friend ; he confeiTedy 
that this Expedient was put into his Head by the fa- 
Bious Sidtnanaazor, a Native Of the Ifland of Formo/a, 
wha came from thence to London^ about twenty Years 
*go, and in Converfation told my Friend, that, in his 
Country, when Jlny young .Perfon happened to be put 
to Death, the Executioner fold the Carcafs toPerfons of 
"fif^^ras a prime Dainty; and that, in his Time, 
Mie Body of a plump Girl of fifteen, wl)0 was crucified 
Jor an Attempt to poifon the Emperor, was fold to his 
Iniperial Ma^eftfs prime Minificr of State^ and other 
great Mandarines of the Court, in Joints from the Gib- 
w, at Pour hundred Crowns. Nehher indeed can I 
^eny, that if the fanle Ufe were made of feveral 
plump young Girls in this Town, who, W%hout one 
fingle Groat to their Fortunes, cannot ftir abroad 
^vithout a Chair, and appear at a Play-houfey and Af 
finiblies in foreign Fineries, which they never will pay 
'Or J the Kingdom would not be the worfe. 

Some Perlons of a defoonding Spirit are in great 
Concern about that vaft Number of poor People, who 
Jre aged, difeafed, or maimed ; and I have been de- 
fired to employ my Thoughts what Courfe may be 
^en, to eafe the Nation of fo grievous an Incum- 

X 2 hrance, 

a32 A Moiejl PROPOSAL 

ftrance. But I am not in the leaft Pain apon that 
'Matter ; becaufe it is very well known, that they are 
every Day dy'mg^ and rotting^ by Cold and Famine^ 
and Filtbf and Vermin, as fa% as can be reafonably 
cxpe^ed. And, as to the younger Labourers, they 
'are now in almoft as hopeful a Condition : They can- 
*not get Work, and conlequently pine away for Want 
of Nourifhroent, t» a Degree, that, if at any Time 
they are accidentally hired to common Labour, they 
have not Strength to perform it ; asd thus the Coon- 
try, and themfelves, are in a fair Way of being foon 
delivered from the Evils to come. 
•• I have too l4>ng digreiled ; and therefore ihall re- 
turn to my SubjeS. I think the Advantages by the 
Propofal which I have made, are obvious, and many, 
* 'as well as of the highed Importance. 

For, Firft, as I have already obferved, it would 
greatly leflen the Number ofPapifts, with whom we 
are yearly over-run-; being the principal Breeders of 
'the Nation, as well as our moft dangerous £nemies; 
' and who ftay at home on Purpofe, with a Defign t$ 
deUn)er the Kingd9m to the Pretender ; hoping to take 
their Advantage by the Abfence offi many good Pra- 
teftants, who have chofen rather to leave their Coaa- 
try, then ftay at home, and pay Tithes againfl their 
Confcience, to an idolatrous Efifcopat Curate, 

Secondly, The poorer Tenants will have (bmediiog 
valuable of their own ; which, by Law, may be made 
liable to Diftrefs, and help to pay their Landlord*s 
Rent ; their Com and Catde being aheady (eized, 
and Monti a ^hing unknonjun, 

thirdly iWn e r e a s the Maintenance of an Hmidred 
thoufand Children, from two Years old, and upwards, 
cannot be computed at lefs than teh Shillings a Piece 
per Annum, the Nation's Stock will be thereby in- 
creafed Fifty thoufand Pounds fer Annum ; befides, 
the Profit of a new Difh, introduced to the Tables of 
' ax Gentlemen of Fortune in the Kingdom, who hare 
«ny Refinement in Taile j and the Money will circa- 


hte flftong otttfetvesi tKe Goods beitfgf entirely of 
our own Growth and Manufadorc. 

Fourthly, TftE eonftiUfit Breeders, befides the Gain 
of Eigbc 8hilKiig9 Ster/M^ ftr AnnuM, by the Sale of 
their Childreii, will be rid df ihe Charge fif maintaiii* 
iag them after the firft Y«tf. 

^ift^fs This Food would likewHe bting cjfeJit 
CitfiBm tpT^tvems^ where the Vinftiers will eertainly be 
fo pradem, as to procore the beft Receipts for drelTing 
it to Pcrfefiion ; and, confeqaently, have their Houies 
fi^eqoeated by all the fiHeQeittlemen^ who juftly value 
themlclvcs npdn their Knc^kdge in good Eating ; 
and a ftilfttl Cook, who onderftandeth how to oblige 
his Goefts, will (Contrive to make it as expeniive as 
they pleafe. 

StxtSfy^Tnis would be a great Inducement toMar- 
|^^gc> which all Wife Nations have eithev encouraged 
oy Rewards, or enforced by Laws and Penalwes. It 
Would increafc the Care and Tendernefs of Mockers 
towards tfieir Children, when they were fure of a 8«- 
^ement for Lift, to the poor Babes, provided in fome 
Sort by the puWick, to their annual Profit inftead of 
Expcnce. We fhould foon fee an honeft Emulation* 
J^mong th- married Women, «M^/Vif» ofthefn tovld hring 
^hefaiieft Child to ^he Market. Men would become as 
/Wof then- Wives, during Uie Time of their Pre* 
gnancy, as they ire now of their Mares iti Foal, their 
Gw*;/ in Calf, or 5mvj when they are residy to farrow ; 
*or offer ft> be'atdr kick them (^ it is too frequent a. 
Praciice) for Fear of a Mifcarriage.' 

Ma«y other Advantages might beemrmerSited. For 
Inftance, the Addition of fome Tboafand Carcafles in 
our Exportation of barrelled Beef: The Propagatk>n 
of S*wine5 Flefis ahd Improvement in the Art of ma- 
king gocki Bacofiy fo much wanted among os by the 
great Deftrn^Hon of FigSy too frequent at Our Tables^ 
and are no Way eoftiparable in Tafte, or Magnificence^ 
to a well-grown fat yearly Child; which^ roafted 
whole, will make a confideraMe Figure at a.Zar/ 
Major*s feafi, or any other publick Entertainment But 

X ^ this. 

^34 A M^dtft PROPOSAL 

thisy and many others, I omit j being ftndioiis of 


SvpiPosiKo that One thouiknd Families u this 
City, would bie conftant Cuftomen for Infants Flefbi 
befides others who njiight have it at marry Meetimgs^ 
particularly at IVeMngs and Cbriftitangs ; I compute 
that Z)i«i>iSr>r wotdd Cake ofF, annually , about Twenty 
thoufand Carca^; and the reft of the Kingdom 
(where probably they will be fold fomewhat cheaper) 
the remaining Eighty thoufand« 

I can think of no one Ol^e^!Uon, that will pebbly 
beraifed againft this Propofal; unlefs it (hould be ur- 

J^edy that the Number of People will be thereby much 
eifened in the Kingdom. This I freely own ; and it 
was indeed one principal Defign in offering it to the 
World. I defire the Reader will obferve, that I cal- 
culate my Remedy for this one indi'vidHai Kingdom of 
Ireland, and for no other that ever njutUy is^ or I think 
ever can be upon Earth, ' Therefore, let no Man talk to 
me of other Expedients : Of taxing our Abfenteu at 
fave Shillings a Pound': Of ufing neither doatbs^ mr 
Hou/hUd Fumitnre, except twhat is of our on^m Grov;th 
• and MfUtt^aSure : Ofutter/jf rejecting the Mataruds and 
Jnftruments that promote foreign Luxury: Of curing the 
Expenft<V9»eJs of Pridey Vanity ^ Idlenefs^ and Gasmng 
in our IVomen : Of introducing a Vein of Parfinibny, 
Prudence and Temperance : Of learning to lo^ve our 
efwn Country ; ivherein *we differ even from Laplander, 
and the Inhabitants ^Topinamboo: Of quitting »f 
Anitmftiesy and Fa&ions $ nor ad, any longer UAe the 
Jews: tjuho <vcere murdering one another at ihe very 
Moment their City *was taken: Of being a little cautioiu 
not to fell *our Country and Confciences for nothing: 
Of teaching Landlords to have at leaftf, one Degree of 
Mercy towards thtir Tenants. Laftly, Of putting a 
Spirit of Honefty^ Indt^ty^ and Skill into our She/- 
keepers ; who, if a Rejblution could nonv be taken to hy 
only our native Goodie nnould immediate^ unite to cheat 
asHdetcaS upon us in the Pricf, the Miafure, and the 

. > Goothufs\ 

U the PUBLICK. 23s 

Coodntfs ; nor cwld i*oer yU ht brought t§ make oatfair 
Propofal ofjufi Dealings although of ton. and eamefily in^ 
^ited to it. 

There FOR B i repeat; l^t no Man talk to me of 
thefe and the like Expedients ; until he hath^. at lea&» 
a Glixnpfe of Hope, that there will ever be fome 
hearty and fincerc Attempt to put them in ProQice. 

But, as to myfelf 2 having- been wearied out for 
many Years with ofFering vain, idle, vifionar]r 
Thoughts ; and at length utterly defpairing of Sue- 
cefsy I fortunately fell upon this Propofal;.. which, ai 
it is wholly new,, fo it hath fomethingy^yiV and real^ 
ofnoExpence, and little Trouble, full in our own 
Power ; and whereby we can incur no Danger in 
dijohliging England:. For, this Kind of Commodity 
will not hear Exportation ;. the Flelh being of too 
tender a ConiiHenee, to admit a long Continuance, in 
Sale V although^ perhaps 1 could norm a Country, njuhich 
fzjuould be glad to eat up our fwhole Nation ^without it, 
. After all, I am not fo violently bent upon my own 
Opinion, as to rejeft any Offer propofed by wife Men, 
which (hall be found equally innocent, cheap, eafy, 
and effectual. But before fomething of that Kind (hall 
be advanced, in Contradiction to my Scheme, and of- 
fering a better, I deiire the Author, or Authors, will 
be pleafed maturely to confider two Points. Firft, As 
Things now ftand, how will they be able to find Food 
and Raiment, for a Hundred thoufand ufelefs Mouths 
and Backs : And Secondly, Theif beine a round Mil- 
lion of Creatures in human Figure, throughout this 
Kingdom ; whofe whole Subfiilence, put into a com- 
mon Stock, would leave them in Debt two Millions of 
Pounds Sterling : adding tliofe, who are Beggars by 
Profeffion, to the Bulk of Farmers, Cottagers, and La- 
bourers, with their Wives and Children, who are 
Beggars in Effed ; I defire thofe Politicians, who dif- 
like my Overture, and may perhaps be fo <bold to at* 
tempt an Anfwer, that they will firil aCk the Parents 
of thei'e Mortals, Whether they would not, at this 
Pay^ think it a great Happinefs to have been fold for 


136 A AMifi PROPOSAL, Gfr. 

Pood at ft Year M, kt the Mtoner I prefcribe ; am! 
thereby bare avoided fiich a perpct«al Scetac of Mif* 
fortunes, as they have fince gone through ; \>j the 
OtfreJItouoflantllordsi the Impoflibilky of paying 
Rent, withoot Money or Trade ; the Want of coin* 
jDon Snftenance, with neither Honfe norCIoaths, ta 
cover them from the Inclemencies tif the Weather ; 
and the moft inevitable Profpeft <]f entailing the like, 
tt greater Miferies upon their Breed for ervcr. 

I profefe, itt the Sincerity of my Heart, that I 
have not the kaft perftmal Intereft, in endeavouring 
to promote this neccffary Work ; bavtitg na other 
Wotive than the fMck GwJ of- ittf Cmntrj^ by d- 
dancing our Trade, frtividiftg for Infants^ relieving tht 
Poor^ and giving Jome Fleafurt to the Rich. I have nO 
Children, by which I can propofe to get a finglc 
Penny ; the youngeft being nine Years old, and my 
Wife pa« Child-bearing. 

^ / 

V I N D I C A T I O N 

Of His Excellenqr - 

John, Lord Carteret, 

From the CHARGE of favouring none 
but Tories, High-Church-men, and 

Written in the Year 173.0. 

IN order to treat this important Subje^^ with the 
greateft Fairnefs and Impartiality; perhaps it 
may be c6nvenient to give {oixtc Account of his 
Excellency ; in whole Life and Character, there are 
certain Particulars, which might give a very juft 
Sufpicion of fi)me Troth in the Accufation he lieth 

Ht, is defcended from two noble, antient, andmoU 
loyal Families, the Carterets and the Gramjilles : Too 
much diftinguilhed, I confefs, for what they aded, and 
what they (ufTered in defending the former Conftitu- 
tion in Church and State, under King Charles the 
Martyr ; I mean that very Prince, on account of whofe 
Martyrdom, a Form of Primer ^ twith Fafting^ *was en^ 
joined by j£i of Parliament ^ iobeufed on the 30/^ Day 
^January every Tear, to implore the Mercies of God^ 
that the Guilt of that facred and innocent Blood,, might 
not be vifited on m or our Pofierity ; as we may read 
at large in our Common Prtyer-booL, Which' Day 


238 A Vindication of 

hath been folemnly kept, even within the Memory of 
many Men now alive. 

His Excelletuy the prefent Lord, was educated in 
the Univeriity of Oxford ; from whence, with a Sia- 
gttlarity, fcarce to be jollified, he carried away more 
Greeks Latin ^ and Pbilojbpfy, than properly became 
a Perfon of his Rank ; indeed mudT more of each 
than moft of tho(e who are forced to live by their 
Learning, will be at the nnnecefiary Pains to load 
their Heads with. 

THks was the Rock he fplit on, upon his firft Ap- 
pearance in the World, and juft got clear of his 
Guardians. For, as foon as he came to Town, fomc 
Bsihops, and Clergymen, and other Perfon^ moft t- 
mtnent for Learning and Parts, got him amonediem; 
from whom, although he were unfortunately dragged 
by a Lady and the Court, yet he could never wipe 
off the Stain, nor wafh out the Tinftnre of Jiis Uni- 
verfity Acquh^ements and Difpofitions. 

To this, another Misfortune was. added ; that it 
pleafed God to endue him with great natural T»- 
fenes. Memory, Judgment, Comprehenfion, Elo- 
quence, and Wit: And, to flnifh the Work, all the(e 
wene fortified even in his Youth i with the Advantages 
received by fnch Employments, as are bcft fitted both 
to excrdfe and pdifh the Gifts of Nature and Educa^ 
tioit; having been Amba^adoc in feveral Courts, 
when his Age would hardly allow him ttx take a De- 

free ; and made principal Secretanr of State, at a 
eriod when, according toCuflom, he ought to have 
been bnfied la loiing his Money at a Chocolate-houfe ; 
or in other Amufements equally laudable and epi- 
demick among Perfons of Honour^ 

I cannot omit another weak Side in his Excellency. 
For it is known » and can be proved upon him, that 
Creek and Latin Books might be found- every Day in 
his DreiliDg Room, if it were carefully fearched; and 
there is Reafon to fufpedt, that fome of the faid Book5 
have been privately conveyed to him by Tory Hands. 
I am tikewife afiured, that he hath been taken in the 


His ExcelUncj the Lcrd^ kc, 239 

very Fa6l of reading the faid Books ; even in the xnidft 
of a SeiTion, to the great Negleft of publick Affairs. 

I own there may be (bme Grounds for this Charge; 
becaufe t have it from good Hands, that when his 
Excellency is at Dinner, with One or Two Scholars at 
bis Elbows, he groweth a mod unfupportable, and 
unintelligible Companion to all the £ne Gentlemen 
round the Table. 

I cannot deny fhatliis Excellency lieth under ano* 
ther great Difadvantage. For, with all the Accom- 
pliQiments above mentioned, adding that of a moft 
-comely and graceful Perfon ; and, during the Prime of 
Youth, Spirits and Vigour, he hath in a moft unexem- 
plary Manner led a regular domeftick Life 9 difcover* 
«th a great Efleem, ,and Friendfhip, and Love for his 
Lady, as well as true Affedlion for his Children ; and 
when he is difpofed to admit an entertaining Evening 
Companion, he doth not always enough refleft, whe* 
ther the Perfon may pofllbly in former Days, have 
lain under the Imputation of a Tory ; nor, at fuch 
Times, do the natural or offered Fears of Popery and, 
the Pretender, make any Part of the Converfation : I 
prefome, becaufe neither Homer, Plato, AriJiotU nojr 
Cicero^ hav^ made any Mention of them. 

These I freely acknowledge to be his Excellency^9 
Failings : Yet, I think it is agreed by Philofopher^ 
stnd Divines, thatfome Allowance ought to be given 
to human Infirmity, and to the Prejudices of a wrong 

I am well aware, how much my Sentiments differ 
from the orthodox Opimon of One or Two principal 
Patriots, (at the Head newborn I name with Ho* 
noar Pifiorides), For th^have 4ecided the Matter 
dire6Uy againft me, by declaring, that no Perfon whp 
was ever known to ly under the Sufpicion of one fingle 
Tory Pnnciple ; or who had been once feen at a great 
Man's Levee in the ^orjt of Times ^ fhould be allowed 
to come witRin the Verge of the Cadle ; much lefs to 
bow in the Antichamber, appear at the AJJemblies^ or 
dance at a Birth-oight. However, I dare ai&rt, that 


24.0 A Vindication •/ 

tJiis Maxim hath been often controuled; and that, os 
the contrary, a confiderable Number of ^^^ Ftnitasti 
have been received into Grace, who are now an Oma-- 
Hunt^ Happinefs^ and Support to the Nation. 

Neither do I find any Murmuring on fome other 
Points of greater Importance, where this favourite 
Maxim is not ftri£lly observed. 

To inftance only in one, I have not heard that any 
Care hath hitherto been taken to difcover whether Ma- 
dam * Fiolanie be a IVhig or a Tory in her Principles; 
or even that fhe hath ever been offered the Oaths to the 
Go*vernment: On the contrary, 1 am told, that (he 
openly profeflelh herfelf to be a High Flyer i and it is 
not improbable, by her outlandijh Name £he may alfo 
be a Papift in her Heart j yet we fee this illuftrious 
and dangerous Pern ale, openly careffed by principal 
Perfons of both Parties ; who contribute to fupport her 
in a fplendid Manner, without the leaH Appreheniions 
from 'a Grand Jury ; or even from 'Squire Hartly 
Hutchefw himfelf, that zealous Proficutor of Hawkers 
hnd Libeb. And, as Hobbs wifely obferveth, fo much 
Money being equivalent to fo much Power ; it may de- 
ferve conildering, with wba^t Safety Aich an Infbu- 
ment of Poov^r ought to be truftedin the Hands of an 
jilien^ who hath not given any legal Security for Ifer 
good Affection to the Government. 

I confefs, there is one Evil which I could wifh 
our Friends would think proper to redrefs. There 
«re mznyifhigs in the Kingdom of the old fesfinonei 
Stamp J of whom we. might make very good Ufc; 
they bear the fame Loyalty with us to the Hano'ue' 
rian Family, in the Perfon of King George II. 
The fame Abhorrence of the Pretender, with the 
Confequences of Popery and Slavery, and the fame 
Indulgence to tender Con/ciences : .But having nothing 
to afk for themfelves, and therefore the more Leifure 
to think for the Publick, they *e often apt to en- 
tertain Fears, and melancholy Profpe&s/ concerning 


• j4 fantovs Italian Rope-dancer. 

His Bxcettency the Lordy &C. 241 

the State of their Country, the Dfecay of Trade, the 
Want of Money, the miferable Condition of th^ 
People, with other Topicks of like Nature; all which 
do equally concern both Whig and Tory ; who, if 
they nave any Thing to lofe, mad be equally Sufl^er- 
ers. Perhaps, one or two of thefe melancholy Gen-* 
demen, will fometimes venture to publiih their 
Thoughts in Print : Now I can, by no Means, ap* 
prove our ofual CuHom of curling and railing at this 
Species of Thinkers, under the Names oi Tories, Ja^ 
cohitesy Pe^fis^ Libellers^ Rebels^ and the like. 

This was the utter Ruin of that poor, angry, buft- 
ling, well-flieaning Mortal Piftoride5\ who liech 
equally under the Contempt of both Parties ; with no 
other Difierence, than a Mixture oiPity on one Side, 
and of A'verfion on the other. 

How hath he been pelted, peftered, and pounded 
by one (ingle Wag, who psomifeth never to forfake 
him livbg or dead ? 

I was much pleafed with the Humour of a Surgeoif 
in this Town ; wholiavine, in his own Apprehenfion, 
received fome great Injuftice from the Earl of Gallon 
way, and, defpairing of Revenge, as well as Relief, 
declared to all his Friends, that he had fet apart One 
huiidred Guineas, to purchafe the EarFs Carcafs 
from the Sexton, whenever // (hould die ; to make a 
Skeleton of the Bones, ilufF the Hide, and fiiewthem 
for Thr^pence -, and thus get Vengeance for the In«. 
juries he had fuffered by its Owner. 

Of the like Spirit, too often, is that implacable 
Kace of Wits 1 agaiuft whom there is no Defence but 
Innocence; and Philofophy : Neither of which is 
likely tOnbe at^Hand ; and therefore, the Wonnded 
have ho where to fly for a Cure, but to downright 
Stupidity, a crashed Head, or a profligate Contempt 
of Guilt and Shame. 

I am therefore f^rry for that other miferable Crea- 
ture Trautusj who .although of fomewhat a different 
Species j yet feemcth very far to outdo even the Genius 
of Piftorides^ in that mifcarrying Talent of railing with- 

VdL. IV. Y out 

2^2 A Vindication ^f 

out Confiftency or Difcretioq, againft the moft mno* 
cent Perfons, according to the prefent Situation of lus 
Gall and Spleen. I do not blame an hfmefi Gentle- 
man for the bittereft Inveftives againft one, to whom 
he profeffeth the greateil Friendlhip ; provided he 
afleth in the Dark, fo as not to be discovered: But 
in die Midft oiCareffesy Vifits^ and Imjitations, to run 
into the Streets, or to as fublick a Elaci ; and without 
the lead pretended Incitement^ fputter out the bafeft 
and falfeft Accufations ; then to wipe his Mouth, comi 
up fmilinz to his Friend, l^ake' nim by the Hand, 
and tell Kim in a'Whifper, it was ail fortiTSen^ct. 
This Proceeding, I am bold to think a great Failure 
in Prudence ; and I am afraid left fuch a Praditioner, 
with a Body fo open^ io fiul^ and (o full of Sores, 
may fall under the Refentment of an iticenfed political 
Surgeon, who is not in much Renown for his Mercy 
upon great Provocadon : Who^ without waiting for 
his Death, vjHHJay, and diJeS him alive; and, to 
the View of Mankind, lay open all the difordercd 
Cells of his Brain, the Venom of his Tongue, the 
Corrupdon of his Heart, and Spots and Flatafes of 

his Spleen : And all this for threepence. 

In fuch a Cafe what a Scene would be laid open! 
And to drop my Metaphor, what a Charader of our 
miftaken Friend might an angry Enemy draw and ex* 
pofe ! particularizing that unnatural Conjunflion of 
Vices and Follies, \o inconfifteat with each other in 
the fame Bread : Furious and fawninJF, fcunriloos aod 
flattering, cowardly and provoking, infolent and ab- 
je6l; moll profligately falfe, with the ftrongeft Pro- 
feflions of Sincerity, "pofitive and variable, tyrannical 
and flarifh. 

' I apprehend that if all this fliould be' fet oat to 
the World by an angry Whig of the old Stamp ; tin 
unavoidable Confequence muft be a Cqufincincnt of 
our Friend for fome Months more to his Garret j a^d 

thereby depriving the Publick for fb long aTlmc, and 
in fo important a Junilurey of his uleful Talents in their 
Service : While he is fed like a wild Beaft through a 
- ' . '- ' Hole) 

Mr Excellency the Lord, &c. 2P4 J 

H«ie ; but I hope with a fpecial Regard to the %««- 
Mji and %?% of his Nourifliment. 

In vain would his Excufers endeavour to palliate 
his Enormities, by imputing them to Madnefs ; be- 
caufc, it IS well known, that Madnefs only opcrateth 
by inflaming and enlarging the good or evil Difpofi- 
tions of the Mind : For the Curators of BeMam affure 
tfs', that fome Lunaticks arc Pcrfons of Honour, Truth, 
Benevoknce^ &nd many other Virtues,. which appear in 
their higjieft Ravings, although after a wild incohe- 
rent Manner;, while others, on the contrary, difcover 
ineve^ Wortand Action, the utitio^Ba/e/ie/s and De- 
F^vity of human Minds ; which infallibly they poffef- 
W in the feme Degree, although perhaps under a bet- 
ter Regulation, before their Entrance into that Academy. 
But, it may he objeded, that there is an Argument^ 
of much Force to excufe the Overflowings of that 
Zeal, which our Friend iheweth or meaneth for our 
C3are...And it muft be confefTed, that the eafy and 
fifootbFIuemyof'hh.Elocutiony. befio^edon him hy Nature,^ 
and cttlti'vateii^By continual Pra£iice, added to the Come^ 
linefs of his Perjfony the Harmony of his Voice^ tlie Grace^ 
fitlnefs of his Manner, and the Decency of hirDrefs^ are 
Temptations too ftrong for fuch a Genius to refift up- 
on any publick Occanon, of making them appear 
with um*verfal Apflaufe : And if good Men are fome- 
times accufed of loving their Jefi better than their 
Friend; furdy to gain the Reputation of the firft Ora^ 
for in the Kingdom, no Man of Spirit would fcruple 
to lofe all the Ffiends he had in the World. 

It is ufual for Mafters to make their Boys declaim 
>n both Sides of an Argument ; and as fome Kinds 
>f Affcmblies are called the Schools of Politicks, I con- 
tfs nothing can better improve political School- boys» 
han the Art of making plauiible or implaufible Ha- 
angues ; againft the Very Opinion for which they 
efolve to determine. 

So Cardinal Perron after having fpoke for an Hour 
the Admiration of all hisHeaiers, to prove the Ex- 
lence of God ; told fome of his Intimates^ that he 

Y z, could 

244 -^ VlNDICATIOM tf 

could bayc fpokea another HoiiTy and Buck bettec; 
to prove the contrary. 

I have placed this Reafon jb die ftron^ Light, 
that I thinK it will bear ; and hav« nothing to an* 
iWer, but that allowing it as much Weight as the 
Reader fiuiH pleafe, it hath conftandy met witb ill 
Succefs in the Mouth of our Friind\ but whether for 
want of good Lack» or sood Management, 1 fofpend 
xtiy Judgment. 

To return from this long Digreffion; if thePerfons 
in high Stations have been allowed to chufe Wm\itii 
without Regard even to Di^erence in Reli&ioD, yet 
never incurred the lead Reflexion on their Loyalty, 
or their Proteftantifm 8 ihall the Chief Governor of a 
great Kingdom be cenfured foir chnfing a Compamt 
who may formerly have been fufpeded for differing 
from the Orthodox in foroe fpeculative Opinions of 
Perfons and Things, which cannot afie& the fuoda- 
mental Principles of a foand Whig. 

But let mefuppolb a very poi&ble Cafe. Hereis 
a Peribn fent to govern IrJund^ whofe unfortunate 
weak Side it happeneth to be, for feveral Rcaibn* 
above mentioned, that he hath encouraged the Attend- 
ance of ene or t<wo Gentlemen diflinguifhed for their 
Tafte, their Wit, and their Learning ; who have t^ea 
the Oaths to his Majeily, and pray heartily for hiio- 
Yet becaufe they may, perhaps, be ftigmatized as 
euondam Tories by Piftoridts and his Gang; his Exc^' 
lency muft be forced to banifli them, under the Paia 
and Peril of difpleaiing the Zealots of his own Party; 
and thereby be put inu> a worfe Condition than every 
common good r ellow ; who may be a iincere Fr^^^' 
fiant^ znd a loyal Subjedl ; and yet rather chafe to 
drink fine Ale at the Pefi's Head, than muddy at the 

Let me then return to my Sup^fkions. It is cer- 
tain, the high-flown Loyalifts in the pre/ent Scnfe (A 
the Word, have their Thoughts and Studies, aiKl 
Tongues, fo entirely direrte^ by political SchemeSi 

that the Zea/ of their Principle hadi eaten up thcu 


/& BxaOency the Lord^ &c. 245 

ynderfiandings \ neither have they Time from their 
Employments, their Hopes, and their hourly Labours* 
for acquiring new Additions of Merits to amufe them- 
felves with philological Converfe, or Speculations 
which are utterly ruinous to all Schemes of riiing in 
the World. What then muft a great Man Ao^ whofe ill 
Stars have fatally perverted him to a Love, and Taftc, 
and PolFeflion of Literature, Politenefs, and good 
Senfe ? Our thorough fped Republick of Whig^ which 
contains the Bulk of all Hopers^ P/eHnders, Exp$^ers , 
and Profefforjy are, beyond all Doubt, moft ingi?fy ufe^- 
A^ to Princes, to Governors, to great Miniflers, and' 
to their Country j but at the fame time, and by ne- • 
ceflary Confcqucnce, the moft difagreeable Compa-- 
aions to all> who* have that unfortunate Turn of Mind- 
peculiar to hi» Excellency^ and perhaps to Eve or fix- 
more in a Nation. 

I do not deny it po£ible^ that an Original or Pro— 
felytc Favourer of the Times, might have been boriv 
to thofe ufelefs Ta1ents,which, in former Ages, qualifi- 
ed a Man to be a Poet, or a Fhilofopher. All I con- 
tend for, is, that where the true Genius of Party once 
entereth, it fiweeps the Hou/e cleanj^^nd leaveth Room, 
for many otifer Spirtts to take joint Pofleifion, until the. 
^oft State o/tJlfkt Man is exceidingfy h^XXtftban thtfirft.. 

I allow it a great Error in his Excellency, that. 
he adheietb foobftinately to his old unfajhicnable Aca-> 
^mick Education : Yet in perverfe is human Nature, 
that the ufual Remedies for this Evil in others, have 
produced a contrary EfFeft in him ; to a Degree, that. 
^ am credibly informed, he will, as I have already 
hinted, in the. middle of a Seflion, quote Paflages out 
of Plato and Pindar^ at his own Table, to>fome book^ 
^'f^iTff^^/ Companion,, without blufhing, eyen when Per- • 
fons of great Staiiom ate by. *^ 

I will venture one Step further ; which is, freely 
to confefs, that this mifkken Method of educating 
Vouth in the Knowledge of antient Learning and Lan- 
page, is too apt to fpoil their. Politicks and Principles ^ 
ueeau&the Do^rine and Examples.o£ the Books they 

Y I icadp. 

246 A ViKDfCATlDN 9f 

lead, tench diem Leflbns SnSfy tvmtarj w turj 
P*ii»tiy to the frefeni Prmiiici of the World ; And ao 
cordingly. HMes moft jttdicioafly obferres, that the 
Writings of the Greeks and Romatu^ made young Men 
imbibe Opinions againft abfolute Power in a Prince, 
or even in a firft Mmfier ; and to embrace Notions of 
Liberty and Property. 

It hath been therefore, a grsat Felicity to thefe 
Kingdoms, that the Heirs to Titles and large Eftates, 
have a Weaknefs in their Eyes, a Tendemefs m thdr 
Conftitufions ; are not able to bear the Pain and In- 
dignity of Whipping; and, as the Mother rightly ex- 
preEeth it, could never take to their Books^ yet are well 
enough qualified to fign a Receipt for Half ayear's 
Rent, to put their Name (rightly fptit) to a Warrant, 
and to read Pamphlets againfi ReHgiom and High-fjhi^'t 
whereby they fill their Niches, and cany tbemfelm 
through the WoHd» with that Dignity which bcft be- 
cometh a Seitater and a ^ Spare. 

I amid heartily wiih his Excellency would be 
more condefcending tb the Genius of the Kingdom he 
eovemetb ; to the Condition of the Times, and to the 
Nature of the Station he filleth. Yet if it be tme, 
what I have read in old Engh/h Story-books^ that one 
Jgefilaui (no Matter to the Bulk of my Readers, whe- 
ther I fpell the Names right ot wrong) was casght b/ 
the Parfon of the Fari/h^ riding on a Hobby-horfe 
with his Children ; that Socrstes^ a Heathen Philoib* 
pher, was found dancing by himfelf at Foudcore; 
tliat a King called Cefar Auguftus (or fome Aich Name) 
ufed to play with Boys; whereof fome might poffibly 
be Sons of fortes ; and that two great Men called 
Stij^e and Lelius^ (I forget their Chr^iak Names, and 
whether they were Poets or Generab) often playi^at 
Duke and Drake^ with fmoodt Stones on a Ki:^* 
Now, I fay, if thefe Faias be true, (and the Book 
where I found them is in Print) I cafmotimsKiBewhy 
our moft zealous Patriots may not a little iadalge his 
Excellency, in an Infirmity which is not morally enl; 

provided he giveth no publkk Scandal ; ^which is by 


tTts Mxiillency tht Lerd^ &c. 247 

tU Means to ht avoided) I fay^ wh)^ he oiaynot be 
indulged twice a Week, to coov^rfe flrith one or two« 
particular PerfoDs ; and let him and them count over* 
their old exftoied Readings together aftec Momingsc 
^enc in hearing and prefcribing ^w and Meam- from. 
and to his mofi oUdient Politicians^ tot the Wel&re of 
the Kingdom ; although* the faid particular Ferfon, or 
Perfons, may not have made fp publick a Declaratiom 
%i their political faith in all its Parts, as the Bufineft 
of the Nation requireth : Still fnbmitting my Opinion 
to that haf^ Majority y which Jt'am Confident is a/av4^ 
in the Right ; by whom the Lihtrty of the Subje^ hath. 
been fo fiseqiently, fo flrennouily, and fo fuccefsfhlly 
alTerted ; who» by their wife Councils, have made 
Commerce to flourjih, Monejf to abound, Inhabitants to^ 
increafe, the Value of Lands and Rents to rife, and 
the whole Ifland put on a^ new face of Plenty and 

But, in order to clear his Excellency more fully 
from this Accofation of (hewing his favours to higJk 
flyers, Tmes, and Jacohttesr it will be neCeflary X» 
come to Pardcalars. 

Tbb fird Periba of a 7ory Denomiimion^ lx> whom, 
his Excellency gave any Marks of his f avour» waa 
Dodor Ihomm Sheridan, It is to be obferved, that 
this happened fo early in his Excellency's Govern*- 
B)ent^ as it may be juftly ftippofed he had not been in«^ 
ibrmed of that Gentleman's Character, upon fo dan» 
ifreiu an Article. The Doctor being well known» 
and diftinguifhed for his Skill and Succefs in the Edu* 
QBtion of Youth, beyond moft of his Profeiiion for 
ttiany Years paft» was recommended to his Excellency 
on the Score of his Learning, and particularly for hui 
Knowledge in the Greei Tongue ; whereof, it ieemetb^ 
his Excellency is a great Adnciirer, although for what 
Reafons X could never imagine. However, it is agreed 
on all Hands, that his Lordihipwas too eaiily prevailed 
on by the Do&or's Requeft, or indeed rather from the 
Bias of hts own Nature^ to hear a Tragedy aded in 
ihatfmhmAM Language by the Dolor's Lads, which 


aCj.^ if' ViKDttATION of 

was written by f<nne Heatlien Anthors; but whether 
it contained any Ion or Hiih Church Principles mail 
be left to the Confoiences of lite Boys^ the IkBWf 
and his ExttlUncy : The onfy Witnefies in this Cafe, 
whofe Teltimonies can be depended upon. 

It feemeth, his Excellency (a Thin? never to be 
iuffidently wondered at) was fo ]fJeafed with. his En- 
tertainment; diat fome Time after he gave the Do^r 
a Chttrcfa-livingy to the Value of almoft One hoDdre4' 
Founds a-year, and made him one of his Chaplains ,* 
from an imtiftuout Notion, that good School-mailers 
ooght to be encouraged in every Nation, profefliiig 
Civility and Religion. Yet his Excellency did not 
ventare to make this bold Stap, without (Irong Re- 
eommendations from Peribns of undoubted Principles, 
fated to the ^imts\ who thought themfelves boand u» 
JttiHce^ Honour, and Gratitude, to do the Doctors 
good Office, in Return fpr the Care he had taken of 
dieir Children, or of thofe of their Priends.< Yet 
the Ctttaftrophe- was terrible : Ear the Dodor, in 
'the Height of his Felicity and Gratttode, going down 
to take PofTeffion of his Pariih, and fbrniihcd with i 
few led-fermons, whereof, as it is to be fnppofed, the 
Number was very fin all, having never ferved a Cure^ 
in the Church ; he. flopped at Qork^ to attend on his 
Biihop; and, going to Church on the^viii/«f following^ 
was, according to the ufual Civility of Country Cler- 
gymen, invited by the Minifter of the Pariih to fupplf 
the Pulpit. It happened to be the Firft of Augufi ; and 
the Firft of Auguft happened that Y«ar to light upon i 
^unda^ : And it happened that the Doaor*s Text was 
in thefe Words; Jufficient unto the Day is the E^l 
fhereef: And laftly, it happened i^Al fome one Peribo 
of the Congregation, whole Loyalty made him watch' 
fbl upon every Appearance of Danger to his Majesty's 
Ferfojn- and Government, when Service was over, 
gave the Alarm. Notice was immedtatdy fent djt 
to Town ; and, by the Zeal of one'Man of m kegi 
Dimonfions of Body or Mind, fuch a Clanour was raifed, 


His Ex^Uency tBi Lord^ Sec. %^^ 

that w« in Dublin could apprehend no lefs than an< 
Invalion by the PreUnJer, v^ho mull be landed in the 
South, The Refult was^ diat the Doftor muft be 
ftruck oat of the Chaplains Lift/ and appear no more 
at^ the CaiUe j yet whether he were then, or be at 
this Day, ,a 1^&^ or a Tory, I think is a Secret ; only 
it is manifeft, that he i* a zealous Hano^erian^ at leafr 
m Poetiy, and a great Adorer of the prefent Roval 
Familvj through Si its Branches. His Friends like- 
wife ajTert, that he had preached this fanae Sermoft 
often^ under the fame Text; that not havino; ob- 
fcrved the Worjds until he was in the !>ulpit, and had 
opened his Notes ; as he is a Perfon a little abftraftcd, 
l^e wanted Prefitnce of Mind to change them : And 
rfiat, in the whole Sermon^ there was not a SyDable 
relating to Government or ^arty, or to the Subjed 
of the jbay. 

^ In this Incident there feemeth to have been an U* 
flion of Events, ^at will probably never happen a- 
gain te the End of the World ; or at leaft Eke the 
grand Conjunction in the Heavens ; which, I think, 
Jcy fay, can arrive but once in Twenty thoufand 

Thb fecond Gentleman fif I am right in my Chro»^ 
Jology) who, under the Su^don o£a,Tory, received 
tome Favour from his Excellency, is Mr. yames Stopm 
fordi very ftrongly recommended by the moft eminent 
^^'tg in England, on the account of his Learning^^ 
and Virtue, and other Accomplifliments. He had 
paijed the ffrcateft Part of his Youdx in dofe Study,' 
Of in travelling ; a^d was either not at home or no^ 
at Lcifure to trouble his Thoughts about Party ; which 
I allow to be a great Omimon;^ although I canno^ 
aoneftly place him in the Lift of 71?r//j j and there- 
fore think his Excellency mav be fairly acauitted for 
ojaking him Vicar of Fingtafs^ wordi about Ona 
hundred Pounds a«year. 

The Third is VkoQiwFatricl Delany. This Divine- 
^tk under fome Difadvanuge ; having, in his Youth, 


250' -^Vindication^ 

received many Civilities from a cenain * Peiiazr,. 
then in a very' high Station here ; for whidi Reafon, 
I doubt the Doctor never drank his Confiiiion fince, 
and what makes the Matter defperate, it is now too 
late : unlefs our Inquifitors will be'content whh'drink- 
ing ton/ufion to his Merrwrj : The aforefaid eminent 
Ferfon, who was a Judge of all Merit, except that of 
Party, diftingai(hed the Dodlor, among other Jani- 
ors in our Univerfity, for his Learning, Virtue, Dif- 
cretion, and good Senfe. But the 'X>o6tor '^was thea. 
in too gdod a Situation at his College, to hope oc 
endeavour at abetter £ftabUlhitient». from one who» 
had no Power to give it him.. 

Upon the prefent Lord Lieutenant^ coming over,% 
the Dodor was namedto his ExceUency by a -f- Friend,. 
among other CTergymen of Perfons 
whofe Chara£tera it was proper his Excellency fhould''. 
know : And by the Truth of which*the Gi^oer would^ 
be content to iland or fall in his BxceHency's Opinion ;.-. 
iince not oneiof thofe particular - 
Friendihip with' diet?««//(riBf»?» wh& gave in their 
Names. By this 'and fome other Incidents, particu- 
larly the.Recommendation of the late Archbifhop of 
Dublin^ the Dodor became known to his Excellency, 
Whofe fataLTum of-MindtowardsHtt/iirffi^&andtfa/- 
kmdijk Books and 'Languages^ finding, as I conceive, 
a like. Difpofition in the I)odor, was the Caofe of 
his becontingfadomeiiick;^as w« are. told. he. is^ at 
the Caftb QfhMin. . 

TiJ R E£. or four Years^ ago; the Doftor grown weary 
ef an Academick* Life, for fome Reafons bed known 
to the Managers of the Difcipline in that learned So- 
ciety (wiuch it may not be. for their Honour to men- 
tion} re{blVed to leave it; although by the. Benefit of 
the Pupils, andllis Senior Fellow mip with all its Per- 
quiiites; he received every Year between Nine hun* 


♦ Sj> CoKSTAKTiNE Phipfs, LotJ Cbmtcelhr tf Ire- 
knd, -whtn ^een Anne died^ 
t The AuTHOE. 

His ExciUency the Lor d^ tec. 251 

<lred and a thoufatid Pounds.. And a ^all Northern 
Living, in the Univerfity'^s ^Donation, of fomevvhat 
better than One hundred Pounds a Year^ falling at the 
fame time with the Chancellor/hip. of Chriji, Churchy 
to about equal the Value, in the Gift of his Excel* 
lency : The Dodlor ventured into the "World in a ytry 
fcanty Condition j having fqiiandered away all his 
annual Income in a Manner, which, although perhaps 
proper enough for a Clergyman without a Family, will 
not be for the Advantage of his Charader te^dijcover 
cither on the Exchange, or at a Banker's Shpp. 

About two Monms ago, his Excellency gave the 
Boflor a Prebend in St. /*^7/r/Vi'j Cathedral ; which 
being of near the fame Value with either of the two 
ibrnier, will add a third Part to his Revenues, aftej 
he fhall have paid the great Incumbrances upon it : 
So that he may now be faid to pofTefs of Church- 
Preferments, in fcattered Tithes, Three hundred 
Pounds a Year ; infbad of the like Sum of infallible 
Kents from a Senior Fellowfliip, with tfie Offices an- 
nexed J befides the Advantage of a irtQ Lodging, 
a great Number of Pupils, and Tome other Eafements. 

But fincc/ the Doctor hath not, in any of his 
Writings, his Sermons, his Adlions, his Di&ourfe, or 
his Company,^difcovered one jSngle Principle of eithear 
^hig or Tory i and that the Lord Lieutenant ftiU con- 
titiueth to^adoiit him ; I (hstfi boldly pronoutice him 
ONE OF US: But, like, a new Fm-M^/a^; who 
hath not yet learned all the Dialed of the Myftery^ 
Neither can h^ be juftly .accufed of any Tory Do- 
ftrines ;_ cxcejit perhaps, fomc among thofe few, 
^vith which that tuicked Forty was charged, daring 
the Height of their Power; but have been fincc 
transferred for the moft foIid^B^i^ons^ ,to. the .lAjhoU 
^^^of our finneft Friends. ' ,. . ' 

I have how done with the Clergy : And upan tho 

ftrifteft"E}(^ination have not be^cn- a^l^^to^fiftd above 

One of that Order," agaiiiK whom any Party S»ufpicion 

canlyj -whichis th^ unfortunate Gentl«nQ^n, Ppdlof 

r , ... . . • • Shmaan^ 


152 ^ VlNinCATIOW iff 

^beridany isrhO by mere Chance-4nedley (hot bis own 
Fortune dead with a fingle 7ext, 

As to d^e Laity, I can hear of bat one Perfon of the 
f^ryjSt^nip, who Jince the Beginning of his Excellency's 
Governnient, did ever receive any ibiid Mark of his 
Favour : T mean SIf Arthur Achfin^ reported to be 
an acknowledged *Tory ; and what is almoft as bad, 
H SchUr into the Bargain. It is whifpered about, as 
a certain Truth, that this i^entkman is «> hstt 
Grant of a certain ^arrack opbn his f ftate, within 
two Miles of his ownHotife; for which the Crown 
is to be his Tenant, at the Rent df Sixty Pounds /ff 
Annum ^ he being only at the Erpencc of about f'm 
Htum/red Founds, to put the Houfe in Ri^air, W 
Stables, and other Neceflaries. I will place thisis- 
'vUi$us Mark dT Beneficence conferred on a ferft in 
a fair Light, by computing the Coils and necei&y 
Defalcations : After which it may be feen how much 
Sir Arthur will be annua^y a deaf Gainer by ibc 
Publick ; notwithftanding his unfortunetti PrincipleSi 
and his Knowledge iq Greek and Latin. 

For Repairs, fcTr, jooA the Intereft7 ^^ ^ q 

whereof fit* Ann, ^ i ^ 

For all manner ofl^ot^trjrto' ftirnifh rhes 

Troopers; bat which the faidf ^ o o 

Troopers muft be kt tha Labour \ ^ 

of catching,^ vsilu^'/«r Ann. ' -^ . 

For ftraggKng Shero, — r—^ S o o 

img oneqp, 
i deftroyed J 

For Game deftroyed five Miles foiindj 6 o o 

49 " 


Rent paid to Sir -^/>5ar, — r^ 6o o o 

I • < 

' .' 'Rdmains clear"' '^'y^' * ~ ''. ii o « 

THUi, if Shr Arthui^ Achefirn thall hav« thcgo(Kt 

Fortune to obtain a Grant of this Barrack^ he wiB^^' 


His Excettency the Lordotic. 253 

ceivc fuai Profit annually from' the Crown ELEVEN 
Paundk^/^r/. to help him i% entertaining the OfHcers. 
and making Provi&ons for his yoijnger Children. 

It is tme« diere is another Advantage to be ex- 
pe6ed» which may fally compenfate the Lofs of 
Catck and Poidtry \ by n^ultiplying the Breed of 
Mankind, and particularly that of pood Proteftants^ in 
a Part of the Kingdom half depopulated by the wild 
Hamottr axqong the Farmers thereof leaving their 
Counoty^ Bu;t I am not fo fkilful in Arithmedck, 
as to compute the Value. 

I have reckoned one per Cerih below the legal In- 
tereft for the Money that Sir Arthur muft' expend : 
And valued the Dan^e in the other Articles very 
moderately. However, I am confident he may with 
good Management be a ^aiier at leaft ; which 19 a 
prodigious Infiance oj Moderation in qui' Friends towards 
a profeffed '/ary. Whatever Merit he may pretend 
by tbe UawiUingner^ he hath fl)ewa to make nis Ex<« 
cellency onealy m his Admini^atipn, 

Thus t; have with the utmoft Impartiafity, col* 
kdied. every Angle Favoi^r, (further tbaa perfonal 
Civilities ]i Gonferred bv his Exceilency on 7(?r/V/, andt 
reputed foriesy fince his firft Arrival hither, to this 
prefent 1 3th Day .of 4frU^ ifi the Year of our Lord 
1730, giving all Allowance poflible to the Argu- 
ments on the odier Side of the QuefHon. 

And the Account will ftand thus : 

Disposed of Preferments and Employments to 
Tories^ Of reputed ^orie*^ by lys £j£cellency Jokn^ 
LcMrd Cm'tereti Lord Lieutenant oi heUnd, in about 
the Space of im Years. 
To Do^or 7ho?Mu Sheridan in a Redlory-> ,^^ ^ ^ 

near iUnfale, per Atmwn^ 3 

To Sir Arthur Athefon^ Baronet, a Bar- > 1 1 o o 

%2J^y per An»um, . . j 


GiYZ me leave now to compute in grofs, the Value 

>f the Favours done by his Excellency to the true 

Vol. IV. Z Friends 

a54 ^ Vindication if 

Friends of their King and Country, and of the FnU" 
Jtant Religion, 
" It is to be remembered, that although his Excellency 
cannot be properly faid to beftow Biihopricks, Com- 
inands in the Army, the Place of a Judge, or Com- 
nifiioner in the Revenue, and fome others; yet they 
are, for the mOfb part, difpofed upon his Recommen- 
dation, except where the Perfons are immediately fent 
from England^ by their Intereft at Court ; for ^hich 
I have allowed large Defalcations in the 'fbllowiog 
Accounts. And, it is remarkable, that the onfy con- 
fiderable Station conferred on a reputed Tory fincehis 
prefent Excellency's Government, was of this latter 

And indeed it is but too remarkable, * that in^ 
neighbouring Nation (where this dangerous Denomi- 
nation of Men is incomparably more numeroas, more 
powerful, and of Confequence more formidable) real 
Tories can often with much kfs Difficulty^ obtain very 
high Favours from . the Government, than their ;y- 
/«/^^ Brethren can arrive to the lo weft in ours. I 
obferve this with all poffible Submiffion "to the Wif- 
dom of their Policy ; which * however, will not, I 
believe, difpute the Praifebf Vigilance with ours. 

WHIG Account. 

To Perfons promoted to Biihopricks,! 
or removed to more beneiici^ ones, L io,oco o o 
com^xxx^ per Annum, J 

To Civil Employments, — — — 9^SO o o 
To Milita^ Commands, ... .^ -^ ^436 o o 

27,516 o 

TORY Account, 
To Tories, — — • — ^ *— 'moo 


Balance, — - — i,— — 27,465 o o 


His Excellency the Lordy Sec. 255 

I ihall conclude with this Obferyation, That, as I 
tKink, the Toties have fufficient Reafon to ht fully fa^ 
tufied with the Share of Trufi^ and Ponjuery and Ent" 
fjfiymenisy which they poiTefs under the Lenity of the 
prefent Governaient : Sq, I do not find how his Ex- 
cellency can be jufily cbnfured for fayouring none 
bat High-Churcby High'Jlyersy Termagants^ Laudifts^ 
BachefuerilUans, 7ip~t9f^allm''fHenf Jacobites^ 7anti» 
'vytSf Anti'HoHoveriam^ Friends to Popery -and the Pre* 
Under, and<. to Arbitrary Power ^ Difobligers of Eng- 
land, Breakers e/^^ DEPENDENCY, Inflamers of 
Quarrels betnneen toe tnw Nations^ Fublick Incendiaries, 
Enemies to tbeJCing and Kmgioms,. Haters of TR.IIE 
Ptoiefiqntsi Lduret^men, drmifts^ Complainers of the Na^ 
tion^s Pi*vevtyy Ormondians, leenocUtfts^ Jnti^glonous* 
lUemmfie, Anti^Revohttmers, Wbite'Rofalifts^ Tentb-^ 
H'Juniam, and the like : When by a fair State of 
the Account ; the Balance, I conceive^ Jeemetb to Ij 
Ml the other Side. 

Z a The 

The Reader will perceive the following Treatife 
to be altogether LFonical. 





ACT of PARLIAMENT to pay off 
the D£BT of the Nation^ without 
taxing the Subneft, by which the Num- 
ber of landed tjchtry, and fubftantial 
Farmers will be confiderahly iDcrealed^ 
and no Perfbn will be the poorer, or 
contribute one Farthing to the Charge. 

Viittca in the Tear 173^. 

THE Debts contraded feme Years |>af^ for 
the Service and Safety of the Nation, *are 
erown fo great, that under oar pre(ent dx* 
ftrefled Condition, by the Want of Trade, the 

f^at Remittances to pay Ahfrnttes^ to pay oBfiMi 
egimtnu ferving abroa^, and many other Drains of 
Money, we]l enough known and felt ; the Kingdom 
feemeth altogether unable to difcharge them by the 
common Methods of Payifient : And either a Foil 
or Land Tax, wonld be too odious to think of, 
efpecially the latter ; becaufe the Landis which have 
been let for thefe ten* or dozen Years paft, were 
raifed fo high, that the Owners can, at nrefiai^ 
hardly receive any Rent at all. For it is tbc ttfsai 
Prance of an /r^ Tenant, rather than want Land, 


J?ROPOSAL/cr an Act, (fc. 257 

to offer more for a Farm than he knoweth he can*ever; 
be able to pay; and in that Cafe he groweth defperate 
and payeth nothing at all. So that a Land Tax, upon a 
rackt Eftate, would be a Burden wholly infupportable. 
The Queftion will then be, how thefe National 
Debts can be paid ; and how I can make good the 
feveral Particulars of my Propofal ; which, I (hall 
now lay open to the Publick. 

The Revenues of their Graces and Lordfhips, the 

Archbilhops, and Bifhops of this Kingdom, (excluding 

the Fines) doamount, -by a moderate Computation, to 

^6,9po/.perAnn, I mean the Rents which the Bifhops 

receive from their Tenants. But the real Value of 

thofe Lands, at a full Rent, taking the feveral Sees 

one with another, is reckoned to he, at lead, three 

Fourths more ; fo that multiplying 36,8^00 /. by 4, the 

full Rent of all the Bifhops Lands, will amount to 

1 47,200 /. per Ann. from which fubtradting the prefent 

Rentreceived by their Lordfhips, that is, 36,800/. the 

Profits of the Lands received by the firfl and fecond 

Tenants, (who both'have great Bargains) will rife to 

the Sum of 110,400/. per Annum, which Lands, if 

they were to be fold at Twenty two Years Purchafe,. 

would raife a Sum of 2,428,800/. referving to the 

Bifhops their prefent Rents, only excluding Fines. 

Of this Sum I propofe, that out of the one Half 
which amounteth to 1,^14,400/. fo much be applied, 
as will entirely difcharge the Debts of the Nation r 
and the Remainder laid up in the Treafury, to fupply 
Cpntingencies, as well as to> difcharge fome of our. 
heavy Taxes^ until the Kingdom fhall be in a bettel^ 

But, whereas the prefent Set of Bifhops would be 
great Lofers by this Scheme, for want of their Fines t 
which would be hard Treatment to fuch. religious^. 
loyal, and deferving Perfenagts ; I have therefore fet 
apart the other Half^ to fupply that Defed ; which 
it will more than fufHciently do. 

A Bifhop's Leafe for the full Term, is reckoned to 
be worth, eleven Years Purchafe ; but. if we. take the 

Z 3 Bifhops 


a5« jf PROPOSAL jbr 

mond, I fiippofe thepp nay be four Yevi ^ 
each Lcafe elapfed ; and aiamy of the fii(hof>s boos 
well (bickcQ in Yeais^ I cannot think their Lives rooaa 
to be worth more chaa (even Years jPurchafe ; fo that 
the Parchafers may very well aferd Fifteen Years 
Piirchafe for the Reverfion; efpedally by one gresMC 
additional Advantage, which I (hall foon mentioa. 

This Sam of 2,428,800/. mud likewife be iknk 
very confiderably^ becaufe the Lands are to be fold 
only at Fifteen Years Purcfaaie, and this lefiens the 
Sum to be about 1,656*000/. of which I propofe 
Twelve hundred thonfaod Pounds, to be ;^4ied 
partly for the Payment of the Nation4 i>ebt, xoi 
partly as a Fund for future Exigencies ; and the re* 
mainine 456,000/. I propofe as a Fund for paying 
the prdent Set of Biihops their Fines ; which it will 
abundantly do, and a great Part remain as an Ad.* 
dition to the publick Stock. 

Although the Biihops round do not, in Reality^ 
teceive three Fines a Piece, which take up 21 Yeais,, 
yet I aQow it to be fo ; but then, I will fuppofe ihem 
to take but one Year's Rent, inRecompence of giving 
them fo large a Term of Life ; and thus multiplyu^ 
36,800 by 3, the Produd will be only 1 10,400/. U^ 
tiiat above three Fourths will remain to be applied 
to publick Ufe. 

If I have made wrong Computations, I hope to be 
excufed as a Stranger to the Kingdom ; whidi I never 
law until I was called to an Employ ment» and yet where 
I intend to pais the reft of my Days, bnt 1 took care 
to get the befl Informatioas I codd, aful from ik^ 
moS proper Perfons ;. however,, the Miftakes I majr 
bave been guilty of, will very little afie^t the Main 
of my Propofal ; although they fhould canie a Dif«» 
ference of One hundred thouiknd Pounds, more or leis. 

These Fines are only to be paid to the Bifiiop ds*- 
rii^ his Incumbency in the fame See: If he ehai^e it 
for a better, the Purchaien of the vacant See JLaad^ 
are to come immediately into Pofieffion of the See he 
bath left; and both the ffifiiop who ia temotned, and 


an Act (fPAXtiAmnfirf i^c* 259^ 

le who comcth into lUs Elace Are .to have Ub moro 
Fines; for the removed Biihop will find las Aocoont- 
hy a larger Revenue ; and the other See will £nd Can* 
didaCes enough. For the law Maxim will here Itave 
Place : Caveat Emptor. I mean the Ferfens who fac* 
ceed, may cKuie whether they will accept or na^ 

As to the Purchafers, they will probably be Te^ 
nants to the 5ee» who are already in Pofieflioa, and. 
ean afliord to give move than aiiy other fiiddeiv. 

I will farther explain myfetf. If a Perfon abcadir- 
a Biihop, be removed into a richer See, he mnft be- 
content wilii the bare .Reveniies» withottt. any. Fines i, 
and ib maft he who comethinto a BifboprtdJt'vacant by 
Death : And this will bring the Matter fooner to bear;, 
which, if the Crown ihall think 6t to countenance^, 
will foon change the prefent Set of Bifhops ; and con*^ 
feqnently encoara^e Purchafeia o£ their Lands. Tor 
Example, if a Pnmate fhould die; and the Gradation 
be iviiely made,* almoft th^ whole Set of Bifhopt 
might be changed in. a. Month, each to his great Adi^ 
vantage,, although no> Fines were to be got; and 
thereby ikvc a great Part of that Sum, which I have 
appropriated towards fupplying the Deficiency of 

I have valued the Bilhops Lands at two Years Pui^ 
cha(e, above the afual computed Rate; becauie thoft* 
L.ands wiB have a Sandion from the Kii^ and Coundl- 
in England, and be confirmed by an hOi of ParliamenC 
here : Befides, it is well known, that higher Pricei 
are ^ven every Day for worie Lands, at the remotefl 
j3iflances, and at R^ck-rents, which I take to be oc« 
cafioned by Want of Trade : When there are few Bor* 
sowers, and the little Money in private Hands lying 
dead, theae is no other Way to diijxyre of it, but in 
baying of Land; which ooniequendy makes the 
Owners 1m^ it fo high. 

^a SIDES paying the'Nation^s Debts, the Sale of 
kheie Lands would have many other good £ffeds upon 
(he Nation. It will confiderably^increafe the Number 
of G^sktryp whe» the Biihop's Tenants are not abk 

i6o jtVKO?(yS'At/Sr 

ov willfaig to parchale ; kfr die Lands will afford as 
hmidred Gentlemen a good Revenoe to each. Se» 
veral Peribns from Engiand^ will probably be glad to 
come over hither, and^be iheBuyeis, rather than 
give thirty Yeari> Purchafe at home, under the Loadi 
of Taxes for thePabilck and the Foot, as well as 
Repairs ; by which Means much Money may be 
brought among us; and probably fome of thePoT' 
chafers themfelves, may be content to live cheap m 
a worfe Country, rather than be at the Charge of 
Exchange and Agencies ; and perhaps of Nonjbkm* 
ties in Abfence, if they let their Lands too iugh. 

This Propoiid will alfo multiply Farmers, whea 
:the Purchafers will have Lands in their own Power^ 
to give long and eafy Leafes to indiiftrious Uufband- 

I have allowed Come Bifhopricks, of equal Income, 
to be of more or leis Value to the Purchafers accord- 
ing as they are circumftanced. For Inftance : The 
Lands of the Primacy, and fome other Sees, are let 
fo low^ -that they hardly pay a fifth Penny of the real 
Value to the Biihop, and there the Fines are the 
greater. On the contrary, the Sees of Miatb and 
Cbnfert^ confiding, as I am told, much of Tithes, 
thofe Tithes are annually let to the Tenants, with- 
out any Fines. So the See of Dublin is faid to have 
many Fee Farms, which pay no Fines ;. and fome 
Leafes for Lives, which pay very little, and not io 
foon nor fo duly. 

I cannot but be confident, that their Graces my 
Lords tlie Archbiihops, and my Lords the Biihops» 
will heartily join in this Propofal, out of Gratitude to 
his late and prdent Majcfty, the beft of Kings, who 
have beftowcd on them fuch high and opulent Stations; 
as well as. in Pity to this Country, which is now be- 
come their own ; whereby they will be iftftruroenta* 
towards paying the Nation's Debts, without imp^ 
verifiiing themfelves ; enrich an hundred GendemeOi 
as well as free them froin Dependence ; and thos ^' 
move that Envy which is apt to fall Jipon theirGrac^ 
and Lordihips^ from confiderable Perfons; who^ 

mk Act of Parliamei^Tj f^c. a6i* 

Birth andFortuneSy rather qualify them to be Lordi 
ofManorsy than fervile Dependents «ipon Church* 
men, however dignified or diftingnilhed. 

I^ I do not ilauer myfelf, there could not be ai^ 
Law more popular than this. For the imttiediate T^ 
nants to Bilnops, being fome of them Perfons of Qua-- 
£17 and goodEftates; and more of them grown up 
to be Gi^emen by the Promts of thefe very Leafes, 
under a Succeffion of Bifhops ; diink it a Difgrace ta^ 
be (ubjefl both to Rents and Fines, at the Pleafure of 
their Landloids. Then, the Bulk of the Tenanu^ e* 
^eciallythe Dsjfenters^ who are o\a trnt leyal FrotC" 
llant Brethren, look upon it, both as an unnatural 
aiid4niquitous Thing, tkat bifhops ftould be Owners 
of Land at all ; (wherein I beg to differ ^m them) 
being a Point fb contrary to uie Practice of the A* 
pofties, whofe Succeflbrs they are deemed to be ; and 
who, although they were contented that Land (hould. 
be iold for the common Ufe of the Brethren, yet 
would not buy it themfelves ; but had it laid at tkeiA 
Feet, to be diibibuted to poor Profelytes. 

I will add one Word mora ; that by loch a whole* 
Ibme Law, all the OppnSom idthy Under-tenanta, 
ef Church Leafbt, whkli are now faad oa the Bi* 
&op8 ; would entirely be prevented, by their Gracet^. 
and Lordfhips contenting to have their Lands fold. 
£s)r Payment of the Nation's Debts ; leferviag onl]^ 
die prefent Rent for their own. plentifnl and m>nour« 
^ble Support. 

I beg Leave to add one Particular; that, wheft- 
Heads of a Bill (asl£nd tha S^le runnedi in thia- 
Kingdom) fhalL be brought in for forming this Pro« 
pofad into a Law ; I fhould humbly offer, that therci 
might be a Power given to every Bifhop, (except thofe- 
who refide in Dublin) for applying One hundred Acres, 
of profitable Land, that lieth aeareft to his Palace^ 
as a Demefne for the Convenieney of his Family. 

I know very well, that this Scheme hath beell^ 
much talked of for iom^ Time paft, and is in the 
Thoughts of many Patriots i nither was it properly^ 


tAi ' J PkoPosAL fir m Act, &c. 

I 611 Fnfity into k, iHien it wasSrft 

Although 1 am ^moft a pofeft Strangcir in thit 
KflDgdom, yet &kc I have.accqptcd an £mplo7meiit 
liciCyOf iome.ConiismicsiceaswdlasPtofit^ {cannot 
Imk think mjidf in Uaxy bamd to confult the Inte- 
JtA of a Peoide» among whom I have been fo weD 
ctired. And if I can l)e any svoy inftnunental, to< 
wards contribadne to redoce this excellent PFopofal 
into a Law i' whi^, beii^ not in . the leaft injariou 
*(6 Emglaad^ will* I am confidents* meet with no Opr 
pofition Irom that Side; my fincere Endeavoois to 
terve this Ghmdi and Kinsdom^ ^yvill be wdl rc; 




O F 

Certain Abufes, Corruptions and Enor- 
mities in the City of Dublin. 

Written in the Year 1732. 

NOTHING is held more commendable in 
all great Cities, efpecially the Metropolis of 
a Kingdom, than what the French call the 
Police: By which Word is meant the Government 
thereof, to prevent the many Diforders occaiioned 
by great Numbers of People and Carriages, efpeci* 
ally through narrow Streets. In ^.this Government 
our famous City of Dublin^ is faid to be very defe- 
dive ; and univerfally complained of. Many whole- 
iome Laws have been- ena^ed to correal thofe A- 
bufes, but are ill executed; and many more are 
wanting; which IJiopO'the united Wifdom of the 
Nation (whereof fo many sood EfFedts have already 
appeared this Seflion) 'Will Toon takeinto their pro« 
fbm)d Consideration. 

As. I 'have been always* watch&l over the Good of 
mine owa Country ; and particularly for that of our 
renowned Ci^; where, (abftt imjidia) I had the 
Honour to draw ^my iirft Breath ; I cannot have a 
Minute's Eafe or Patience to forbear enumerating 
fonie of the greateA Enormities, Abufes, and Cos:* 
ruptions fpread almoft through every Part o{DiibHtt\ 
and proposing fuch Remedies, as, I hope, the Le« 

giflatore will ararove of. 


164 Jin Examination v^ 

The narrow Compafi to which I have conbei 
myfelfinthb Paper» will allow me only to toock 
the mod important ^ti^& ; and fuck as, I tiunk, 
ifeem to leqUre the moft fpce({}^ Redrefs. 

And irft : Perhaps there was never known a wifer 
Inftitution than that of allowing certain Perfoos of 
both Sexes, in large ahd.popolous Cities, to cry throagli 
the Streets many Neceilaries^f Life : It would beend- 
lels to lecount theConveniendes which cnr City en- 
joyeth by this iifefiiJ inrentions and partjcolarlf 
Strangers, foreed hither by Bu£nefi> whoreffde here 
but amort Time : For, theie having ufaally but alitde 
'Money, and being wholly ignoraM of the Towoi 
'snight, at an eafy Price purchaie a tolerable Dinneri if 
^the feveral Criers would jpronounce the Names of ^e 
^^oods they have to fell, in any ^tolerable Language 
And therefore ontil onr Lawmakers (hall think itpr^ 
.|)er to interpoie fo far as to make thole Traders pro- 
BOUDce their Words in fnch Terms, that a plain Cl»ri« 
IKan Hearer may conippchend what is cried $ I wookl 
advife all new Comers to look out at theiv Guret Wis- 
-itows, and there fee whether theThiog that is cried bt 
^rifes, or Flttmmny^ MutHrmiik^ or O^ke^is, fm, at 
Things are now managed, how is it poiSble fer an ho- 
'«eft Countryraan,]iift arrived, to find out what is aeant^ 
For 7nftance, by the following Words, wkh whicb \m 
Ears are conilantly ftnmied twice a Dmy^ ^ggt$ 7^% 
satd P^rrhget^Sj up inth$ GsrrHf mndJfwn in the dMtr, 
I fay, how isit pofiUefor anf Stranger feo andeiAaod 
that this Jargon is meant as an Invkacfon lo bey a Fa^ 
thing^s worth of Milk for his Br'eakfkft or Sapper, an- 
lefi hk Curiolity draweth Mm to the Wiadow, or voA 
hw Landlady inform him ^ I produce this oi4y as one 
lnftanee,aniong a huhdred much wOrfe; tmeanwlief* 
the Woi>is make a Soend wholly inarticokite, whidi 
give fo much Difturbance, and (b little laformatioB. 
• Thb Affirmation ibfemnly made in the Cry of Kr- 
rf«;/, is dircaly agaanft all Ttuth and Probability) 
Herrings ati've, alive here: The Vfyy Proverb will 
convince us of this; for what is more frequent ioor> 


CEKTAIK Abuses, £sfr; 265 

4maiy Sp^ecH,. 'than to fay of fcrnt Neighbour for 
whom the Paillng-isjen rings, that he is as dead as aHer^ 
ring. ' And l^tTLft how i$ it poffible that a Herring^. 
which, a3 Philofiphefs obferve, cannot live longer thaa 
One Minute three Seconds and a half out of Water, 
Ihotild bear a Vo]^ge in open Boats from Hcnuth to 
DuhRny be tofled into twenty Hands, and preferve its 
Life in Sieves foft feveral Hours ? Nay, we have Wit- 
neflfcs readyto produce, that many Thoufands of thefe^ 
Herrings I fo impudently aiferted to be alive, have been 
^ Day and a Night upoii dry Land« But this is not 
tlic worft. What can- we. thmk of thofe impious* 
Wretches, who dare in the Face of the Sun, vouch the 
Very feme Affirmative of their Salmon i and cxy^S<^lr 
nton^ a&'O&i aU^oe; "wHcreas^ if you call die Womaa 
who ciies it, (he is not aihamed to pull back her 
Mamtfe« and fhew you this individual Salmon cut (into 
2C dofcen Pieces. I have riven good Advice to thcfe. 
infamous* Difgrdcetsi of their S'ei and Calling,, with- 
dotthe' Itaft Appearance ofReino«re> and fully a- 
g^thft the Conviftion of thfeir own Consciences; I have 
mentioned this Grievance to feveral of our Pariih Mi- 
tdfters; but i\\ in vain : So' that it mufl continue until 
the Gotretnment (hall think fit to. interpoie. 
• ^H BKE is^another Cry, which, from the ftridleft Ob- 
fetvation X Can make, appeareth to be very modern^ 
and it is that of * S^veei-bearts ; and is plainly in- 
tended" for a Reflexion upon the Female Sex j as if 
there were at prefen^ fd great a Dearth of Lovers, 
that the Women Inftead of receiving Prefents from 
Men, were now forced to offer Money to purchafe 
Stweet'hearti, Neither am I fure, that this Cry doth 
not glance at fome DifafFeftion againft the Govern- 
ineht 5 infinuatiiig^ that while (b many of bur Troops 
arc etigaged' in foreign Service j and fiich a great 
Number'of our gallant Officers conftantly xcme in 
JEvgland", Ae Ladled ate' forced to take up with Par^ 
fans ^nd Attorneys ; but this is a moH unjuft Reflexion ; 
Vol. IV. A a 

• ASmof $$gef't<^ M ili Shaft tif ¥.t$rU, 

266 wCff.ExAMIKATIOK ^ 

as may foon be proved by any Perfon who £neqoails 
the CaftU^ or pubtick Walks, our Balb and Aflbm- 
blies; where the. Crowds of * Tomf^ were never 
known to fwarm as they do at j>r^ent« 

TfiERE is a Cry peculiar to thiauCity^.whiich I do 
not remember to have i>een ufed in Loitdon ; 4>r at leafl, 
hot in the fame Terms4hat it hath beenjpra^ed by 
both Parties, during each of their Pow^r ; -but, very 
unjufUy by the TorUs. While thefe were at the Helm» 
they grew daily more and more'dnipatient xo put all 
true S^higj and Nanovenatis out of Employments. To 
eSe€t which, they hired certain ordinary ^ellcMivs, widi, 
large Baikets on their Shoolders, to call alond at every 
Hoofe, Dirt Jo cany out ; .giving that Denominatioa 
to oar whole Party ; as if they would iignify^ that the 
Kingdom tx}uld never be cUa^ftd until we viextfiuept 
from the Earth like Ruhhijh. :But» ^nce ihat happy 
Turn ofTimes> When we were fi>. nnraadoufy pre- 
fer ved by jiift^an Ineh^ htxs£i^oferyt ^loFvery^ Maffiun^ 
smd the Pretender i 1 niuft own itPnidence in us» i^ 
to go on with the fame Cryi whicH hath eves.finice 
been fo elFeAually obferved, that the true fo/kica/'Dirt 
is wholly removed and thrown on its proper iDong- 
hills, there to corrupt, and be no more heard of. 

But, to proceed toother Enormities: EveiyPer- 
fon who walks the Streets, mnft needs obferve an im- 
menfe Number of hnmanExcrefhentsat the poors and 
Steps of wade Houfes, and at the Sides of eveiy dead 
Wall ; for which the difaifed^d Party hath ai&gneda 
very falfe and malicious 'Caufe. They would have it 
-that thefe Heaps were laid there privately by JBritifi 
Fundofxents, to make the World believe, that ourJriJi 
Vulgar do daily eat and drink; and, confequently, that 
the Clamour. of Poverty am6hg us, mull be falfe; pro- 
ceeding only from Jiacohites zjfkd'Paptfis.^ They would 
confirm this, by pretending to oblierve, tl^at a Britijk 
Amu being more narrowly perforated than one of oar 


* A nevt Name for a modem Periwig, loith a bag hlati 
Tail, and for in Ov/ner now in Fajbioih X)cc. i. 1733* 

CERTAIN Abuses, £sfr.' 267. 

own Country ; and many of thefe Excrements, upon ar 
hi€t yjew appearing Copplc-crowned, with a Point 
Ifke a Cone or Pyramid^ are eafily diflinguifhed from 
the Hihrnian, which ly much flatter, ' and with lefe 
Continuity. I communicared this Conjecture to an 
eminent Phyfician, who is well ' verfed in fuch pro- 
found Speculations ; and at my Requefl was pleafed to 
make Trial with each of his Fingers, by thrufting 
them into the Anus of feveral Perfons of both Nations; 
and profeifed he could £nd no fuch Difference between 
tiiem as thofeill-difpofed People alledge. On the con- 
trary, he alTured me, that much the greater Number of 
najTOW Cavities were " of Hibernian Origin. This I 
only mention to fhew how ready the Jacohite$ are to 
lay hold ofany Handle. to exprefs their Malice againft 
the Govetiiment. I had almoft forgot to add, that 
my Friend the Phyfician could, by fmelling each Fin- 
ger, diftinguifli the Hibernian Excrement from the 
Britifl) ; and was not above twice miftaken in an 
Hundred Experiments ; upon which he intendeth 
'^ry foon'to publilh a learned Diflertation. 

Th-e r & is aJOivcrfion in this City, which ufually 

begins among tl^e Buttcherhyhxt is often continued- by 

a SucceiEon- of other People, through many Streets. 

It is called thre CaSSING of a Dog: And t 

may juftly number iramong our Corruptions. The 

Ceremony is thus : , A ftrange Dog happeneth to pafs 

through a Flefh-market: Whereupon an QxpertButc^r 

immediately crieth in a loudyoice,and the properTone, 

Co/s, Cd/s, fevelal times : The fame Word is repeated 

by th^ People. The Dog who perfedlly underftandetl^ 

the Term* of Art, and' confequently the Danger he is 

in, itnmediately flies. The People, and. even his own 

Brother Animals purfue : The Purfuit and Cry attend 

h4m perhaps half a Mile ; he is worried in his Flight ; 

and fometimes hardly efcapes. This, our Ill-wifliers 

tyftYM^yacoBite'KxtA^ are pleafed to call a Perfecution ^ 

and a^rm that it always ralleth upon the Dogs of the 

Tory Principle. But, we can well defend ourlelves, by 

jufWy alicdging, that, when they were jrppefmoft, they 

A a z. lareatedL 


treated our 1>9g$ fuU as iahumanly : As to imr ova 
part, ^o have in former Times often attended ^efe 
Proceffions ; although I can very well diftii^[iiiik be- 
tween a Whig and a Tory Dcig ; yet I never canied my 
Refentments very far from a Party Principie^ except it 
were againft certain malicious Dogsimho moft di£DOvei- 
ed their Enmity againft us in the nvarA ofTitms. Aiul, 
I remember too weUi, that, in the wicked Miiiflry of 
the Ezxldi Oxford^ alargeMafiiffofoorPar^heiog 
unmercifully r^//, ran* without Thinking* betweea 
my jLeis, as I was coming up TiJhambU'Jireet ; and, as 
I am oflow Stature* with very ihort Lq;s,; bore me ri« 
ding backwards down the Hill* for jd^ove Twohan* 
dred Yards : And, jilthough I made «& of his Tail for 
a Bridle* holding it iaft with both m^ Hands, and 
clung my Legs as dofe to hb Sides as I could ; yc^ 
we both came down together into the Middle of tbe 
Kennel \ where, after rdling three or four times over 
each other* I got up with muck ado, amidft the Shoots 
and Huzzas of a Thoufand malicious JacMtui I 
cannot indeed* but gratefully acknowledge* that for 
this and many other Strnfias and Sufftrings^ 1 1»V6 
been fince more than overpaid. 

Tuxs Adventure may* perhaps* have yoU me ^ 
of Love with the Diveruon of Cififig ; which I oos' 
fefs myfelf an Enemy to ; unlefi we could aliK^s ^ 
fure of diftinguifhing Tory Dogi ; whereof gieat Nofl* 
bers have fince been fo prudent* as entifely to chaags 
their Principles ; and are now joftly edeenied the bdl 
Worriers or their former Friends. 

I/am aifured* and partly know,itha& all the Chimney 
Sweepers Boys* where Members of P-«-4QF-««tcfaie{y 
lodge* are bir^ by our Emmet to fculk in tke;Tpps» 
iChimney 8* with their Head^ no higher than willjw 
permit them to look round ; and at the ufuai Hoitf< 
when Members are going to the Houfe* if they fee a 
Coach ftaad near die Loagine of any iojfai Memberi 
the^ call Qfocif, Cmpi, as k>ua as they can bawl* ju^ ^ 
the Inftant when the Footman bq[ins . to give tlio 
fame JCslUm And this is chiefly done on th(£ D^y^ 

CEftTAlK AnVStSy (ff^. 26g 

#hett any Point of Importance is to be debated. Thir 
FrafHce may be of very dtogeroas Co&reqnence. For, 
thefe Seys are all hired^ by Enemies to die Oovem- 
ment : And thas, by the Abfence idf a few Members, 
fbr a lew Minutes, aQaeliion may be carried aeainft 
the true Jntereft of the Kingdom ; and, very probabI>r 
not without an Eye towards the Pretender. 

I have not obferved the Wit and Fancy of this^ 
Town, fo much employed in any one Article as that' 
of contriving Variety of Signs to hang over Hoofes^ 
where Pvnck is to be fold. The Bowl is reprefented 
fiiU of Punch I the Ladle ftandeth ereft in the Middle ; 
fopported fometimes by (^e, and (bmetimes by two 
Animals, whofe Feet reft apon the Edge of the fiowl. 
Theie Animals arefometimes one black Uony and fome** 
dmes a couple; fometimes a fxti^Q Eagle, and fome-^ 
ismes^ a fpreaS one ; and we often meet a Grow^ a- 
Sfwan, a Bear, or a Cody in the fame Poftnre^^ 

Now, I cannot find how any of thofe Animals, ei- 
^er feparate> or in Conjundion, arei properly fpeaking, 
fit Emblems or Embelliihments, to- advance the Sale of - 
Punch, Beiides it is agreed -among 'Natura/i/sy that 
ao Br-ote can endure the Tafte of (bong Liquors ; ex« 
cept where he hath been ufed to it from^his Infancy: 
And confequently, it is againft all the Rules of Hiero" 
^iyfh^ to affign thofe Animals as Patrons, or Prete^ors 
of Punch, For, in that Cafe we ought toTuppofe>that 
theHoft keepeth always ready the real Bird, (^Beaft, 
thereof the Pi£lare hangs over hi» Doorf to entertain 
iRs^Goeftss which, however^ t04ny-Knowledge» is not 
true in FaA : Not one of ^ofe Birds being a proper 
Companion for> a- ChriJHany as to aiding and affifting 
in making the Punch, For^ as they are drawn upoa 
the -Sign, they aremnch more Hkely to mute, or fhed 
their Feathers into the Liquor. Then, as tothei&Mr, 
be is too terrible, aukward, and flovenly a Companion 
ea converfe ixath ; neither are any of them all handy 
enough to fill Liquor to the Company : I do, there-» 
fore,: vehemently fufpeA a Pkt intended againft the 
Sovcnuncnty $y. tbef<f J^ev^s. For, although 

A a 3 the 


acoonnt it may po&bly be a lawfoi Pr^^amt Sig^» 
yet I, who am very fufpicioDs of fair Out^iide^ in a^ 
Mattcf which ibnearlyconccracth our Welfare; cannot 
hat call to mind, diat the Pmeadfr^s Wife i§ bid t» 
he of (KrMMw Birth; and that ma«y P^^Princes^ ia 
fovaft an Extent of Land, are leported to excel bot& 
at making and drinking Pmuh Befidet, it is plain, 
that the Sfrtrnd-E^tgii exmbiteth to i» the perfe^ Figore 
ofzCrofsi which is a Badge of P«^«rr. Thei^asto 
the Cfici^ he Is well known to repr^&nt the Frmc^ 
Nation, oar old and daagsrons Eneniy. The SvMm, 
who mail of Neceffity cover the endre Bowl with his 
Wings, am be no other than the Spamard, who en^ 
deavoureth to engrofs all the Treafores of the ImSgs to 
himfelf. The Lion is indeed the common EmUem of 
Royal Power, asweUasthe Arms^of £j^AnM^: Botto 
paint him black is perfed JocMiifm : And a manifeft 
Type of thofe who ilacim the Adions of the beft 
Princes. It is not eafy to diftinguifli whether that 
other Fowl painted over die Pu»eh*b9iwl^ be a Crtno 
or JSootfn ; it is trae, they have both hetxt held oni* 
nous Birds: But I rather, take it to be th& former; 
becaafe k is the Difpoitioin of a Craw^ to pick out 
^ Eyes i>f other Creatures r and often even o£Cbri* 
fliatu, alter they are dead ; and is therefore drawn 
here, with a Defign ta put the JacMus ia mind of 
their old Pradice; iirft to loll us afleep, (whid^isaa 
Emblem of Death) lukd dien to blind our Eyes, thar 
we may not iee their dengesons Practices againft the 

Ta fpeak my private Opinion i the leaft oieafive 
Pidore in the i^4iole Set; ftemAk to be the Beari 
becaufe he reprefentelJi Ui/m Ma^^r^ or the Gfiaa^ ^mt 
who ^refideth over the I^ortb^ where the Rgfirmmtim 
fixk bc^gaas and vrfiich, next to firhain^ (inckding 
Sc9tUmd and the North of Irdnd^ is the gmat Pro^ 
tt^tor of the trm PratefituA iteUgton. Bo^ .howe* 
ver, in diofe Signs where I obfcrve the JSmt to be 
fi^M^«. I cwmot hel|^. fimxttfivs ^Ja^Mu. Contri- 

vABOei by wiiicliy thele Tniiioii kint an UxnA 
I>efifie of iiiL^ all tnu Wingt^ m tbdurJRredeceflbtt 
did die pdmitive Chiiitians : I mean» toreprefe&tiift 
a» jf?^4r/, andrth/tn Mloo dicif ^V^-lh^ lo bilB «& 

Tuys I have |;ivea a fur Accomit of irimt I da£f 
llju^ in all the Sjgas fet over thofe Hou&s thsit invite 
us toPuncb. Iowa it was a Matter that did notneed 
ezplaifiing ; being fo very riyvioas to conuaon Un^ 
^rftaodiag : Yet I kaow not bow it hafpeaetli^ but 
xnethi&ks thfix^ ieemeth a hul. Blindne& to over*^ 
fjpread our. corporeal £ye8» as weU as our intdle^ial^ 
and X heartily wifli J maj be found a faUb Propbel;^ 
JPor^ jthefe atawt .bare,SufpiciQaa> birtauaifisftDe^ 

. THEHEPoaE^ away with thefe P^Jb, yacp^te^ 
and idoktrooa Gew-gaws. ^d I heartily wifli a 
Law were enabled, under fmre Peaakies, againff 
drioJcing any Pji0!Ki& .at aU::For» nothiagiia eafiee^ 
than to prove it a diiaileded Liquor. The chief Ia4 
gredientSy which are iBram^, Oraa^ and L£moMS4 
are all fent ua &om Popifib Countties ; and notkkig iv^ 
aaain^h of Pr$tefltmt Qrow^, but Sugar and JiTar^nt 
For, as to Bikxux, which foonedy was held a necff-* 
iary Ineiedienl;» and is truly Briti^^ we find it is en> 
lirdy reje^ed. 

But I will pat die Tnitb of n^ A£btioo pfir 

all Doubt : I mean, that thu Liqaor is. by oae tm- 

portant IiuiovatiQn> gnown of ill £iaai{^e» aad^danA^ 

geroos Confeqnence to the Pnblick. It is weU known^ 

that, by tbe true fniginal Iniikotioa of taalung Pundj^ 

left tts by Captain il^fi(Sg^ the Sharsiief& is oaly oc«^ 

caiioned by the Juice ofLamMJi and &€ontuiufldandlr 

after the happy iicvdipAiMr. Oraagei^ alas ! are a 

neve Innoratioiv and, in a manner, ^ hutYtft^r^^ 

It was the Politicks of yaakites to inteodoca thern^ 

^aduaUy. And to* what Intent^ The Thing fpealoeth 

ilfelf. It was cunhingly t0( (hew their Virulence a4 

gaiad his facred Majdly King WiUiam of ivtr glori- 

mu and immrMJStmtyi Sutof iato (to Jiow horn 


tj't Jn EXAMtKAtlOK' 4f 

hA Difliijndty lactcdMi) thejptfame fiom tmt^Mj 

fad Punch mMdc all will Ot^sngesi aikI not one flhriff 
Immhw. Foi^ yacoktii^ baf«re tiie- Death of that 
immortal Prince, had» by a Saper^tion, fbnoed ti 
friratePirayeP; that^ astMiy fjiuiigd^^Orafigi, ^^ 
might that Ptmiftanh £ing htfyuiaud to Death : A<x 
coming to the known ^arcvrf defcribed by ViT^l'% 
humts mt bU dwijatf isf bdee ui ata JifMi/cit, &c; 
And thns the Rmms, when they facnJced aa Ox^ 
Hfed this kind of Prayei : ^ I htk skwn this Ox^ 
fomutf^MfLt O Jopiter, htotk dw>m wr^ Entmki, Itf 
like Manner, after King WiiUamt Death, whenever 
wjaediu "pjumiid.UL Orrngf^ he had lasientai Curf» 
upon the glorUm Memory ; and a hearty Wi(h foF 
Power to Jptiixe all his Majefty's Friends to Death, 
as he /^i9S£d\th3X Orangif which bore* orie of hi^ 
Titles, ashe wasPrinceof Or/mr^tf. Thi»Idoaffirm 
fbr Trudi ; smany^of that Fa^ion having confeffed it,'under anOoTi^^i^^^r/ryj whioh^ however, I 
drought itimy Da^ niot toikeep, when I fawmy <letf 
Country iniDanger* Bat,< what better- ca»be expeded- 
from an impkiu Set- of. Men,, who never fcraple to 
drink CoNFVsio^f to all trut Pi^t^iaits^ under the 
Name ofWbigi ? A moft onchriiiiaa and inbaman Pra- 
ctice; 'which to our great Honour andCotnfortt nvasnt^ 
ver thmged upon la, eviuJf^ our mo/i nmUciom Detra&m> 

Th» Sign^of: two^^^fZr, . hoveiiiig in ithe^> vA 
with, their right Hands fappoiti^gt ii>.(3hsa«MS' ia^n^ 
within- ieveral Parts of this Cii^4 and halh ^ea 
given me great iOfoice : For^ whedier by t^e Ud' 
liulfulnefsv or dangerous- Principles of die Painters,' 
(although I have good Reaibns to ^pe£fc the latter) 
diofe Ai^tU are maaDy drawn with fuch hornd, or 
indeed rather diajbohcal Couutematies^ that they gi^ 
great Qfience to every loyal Eye*^ and eqoal Caofe of 
Triumph to the Jdeobimi beinr a moft in^oos 
Heflexion upon our aUe and eaooSent Miniftiy. 

I now letum to that great £nonnity of City Ctim 

moSt o£ Whiph we have boiaowed flom imdtn* } 


Aall am&det tkem^ctiiy an a fd/Uica/ Vkw, as tfieji^ 
nearly afeA the Peace and SaifetyofbochKingdeinsJ; 
And Jbavii^ been ortginaily. contrived by wkkei 
i4aciiaveii, te bring in Pofiryi, Slavfiry^ and Jlrb$tt<afy 
P^<ua^, fay defeating the /^ro/^/^eM Suceefficm, and in- 
^odudagihe/VeftrAibr; ought, in Jn^ticei to be here 
J^ open 10 the World. 

AfiovT two or tiuree Months a6er' the happy Ri^ 
volution f all Pei^tts "wbe poiefs'd any E»iPio y tnqi t» 
or Office, In Church orStaHc, wereohtigedoy an Ad 
ot ParliaflMHt, to take the Oaths to £ing IViUuim 
vniQ^tKaldaff: lAndagfleercNoniberofdaiafibdeA 
Ferliuu, jrefiifingio tabeaefaid.Oaths* foatazfte^ 
imded Scrapie « Conloeiiee, hut really fro a a Spu^ 
«f Popery and RebeHioii, tiiqr cootrived a Plot, v^ 
make the Iwearingto thoTe Fruices odiousin the Eyea 
ofthePeople. To this End* tiiey hired oertaia Wo» 
inea of iH <F«nie, but loud fliritt Voices, onder Pre*' 
eenceofiellaigPiihy to go thuengh the Stteots, witii 
Sieyesott dieir UpdB, and cry, htti^ m^Soti, Itt^ tny 
Snd ; plainly iaftauatingy that all thbfe, who fwove to 
Kmgmtimm,ma^\(A taOy to^ dieir Spls kk 
aaEmployiaeaft; ThisCrywasxevivednttboDeadiof 
^leeA jtaut amd I hovr ftiii condnocth^ iir Loiuhit, 
mthniochOffiBi^etD^«rM/W^bv#j| but fioout 
gneatHanpinefi, ieeneth to beahnc^ dropt in DtiSimi 

BvT, becaoie I altogcdier contemn the Difpleafo< 
and Befontnitnic of M^i^,;^/, f«rMr, and Jmc^tesi 
whom I look upon tobe motfttvmthmtfnfifi^iPofips 
I doiiereby decbm, that thole Evils wlndi I am 
going to monibi^ were all brooghevpen « in Mio 
* wimji tf Timw ^Bm&u the late EarL -of Oxford'% 
A(bnimfbadon» during the foor bft Years of Queen 
JluB^Ji Reign, T^4# nOiekid Mhdftor *wms wti^erjaliy 
knvm to be4i Fafifi in kit Htart* Ho was ^f a mift 


* -^ Cant Word ufci h Whizs for the feur io^Twrs of^eon 
AoaeV JWf», during the Earl 0/ Oxford*! /Mimftry ; -wbtfi 
iHraraCter Sore is an oxoffSovcrfi i^ evtrj Fartkukr* 

274 ^ ExAMINATiaK df 

mmrigku^'lfiiap^i^.aiUh'Jmd t$4ia9e ilkd nvt^i four 
Miliiotu Sterling, iefidfi bh'uafi Expencet im Buil£ngsi 
Stahm^ FUue^ Jtweisy mul 9tbir cofify Rmitm. Hi 
mnu of a mttm ohfcun Birth, Jrom the *very^ Dregs of tJk 
FiopU i. amdf9 iiliteraUt that, bt could hmSf read a Fa*- 
per ii# the Cetrndl Table. Iferbear to touch at his ofen^ 
frofane, p-oJUgate Life ; hecaufii I defirtnot to rake ent^ 
ihe JfitesoftheDeadi asid ther^e 1 Jbalt ohfernse this 
wfe.Mttxim :. De.mortiiis nil nifi boDom. 

This flagtcious MaB,.in otdna to compofs Ids black 
Defigtts* employed ceitakiiwickedlBftrttments (which 
neat Statefmen an aerer withoa^ to adapt federal 
l^ondon Cries, in inch a Manner as woold beft anfwer 
Ills Ends. Andy whereaait was opon good Grounds^ 

gieironfly fpibeded, jdiat ail FJaas. at Court wert 
Id to ^eii^neft Bidder : Ceitain^ Women were em- 
ployed by Jiis Einiflariesy to cariy i Kjh m Ba&ets on 
their Heads, and baMvl dironglr^the. Streets, Bte^mj^ 
frelh Places. I moft, indeed own, that other Women 
u(ed the fame Cry, whowere4nB0C|ptof this wicked 
Dei^, and reaUy fold their Fiih. of thatf Denomina- 
tion,^^ ^g^iuiihQaeftLixelihoQd: rfio^ the reft, who 
!were m t^ $iflr«r» 8ltfaion|hthey>ctoiedf i& in their 
Sieves or Baihtts^ to^fave Appeartnie8»; ,)Bet«hey had 
likewife a certain Sigt^ ibmewliat xerembliag dtat of 
the Free Mafom, which die Porchafers of Places loiew 
well enough, and were direded by did Women whi- 
|ber they were .to refort, and maka their Purchafe 
>&n4r ;i •remember .Tery wdl, how oddly it. looked, 
IvheQ v^ obferved'mimy Genttemca finely drefibdt 
about the Court End of IJieTowi^ .and a» far as 
TJurk'Bmldif^^ where the. Lord«Ti«alfoper Oxford 
dwelt ; calling th^ Women who crie4j Buy ss^frejh 
/^/0rr/ J ;aod taking to them in the Comer of a Street, 
imtiUheyj9(Ader(lpod each other's Sign, Butwenevei 
cpuld jobierve that any Fi(h was bought. 

Some Years before the Cries laft mentioned ; the 
Duke of ^tf^^ was^ reported to have made .c^rt^in 
Overtures td^tfaVCourt of ^W^Wa for admittiDg his 



eMeft Son, fcy the 3>atcliefr of Qrleam'z Danghter, to 
liicceed tO;t£e Ccown, as.oext Heir, upoa the Pn* 
t^tkr^^ b«i»g rejected*; and that Son was immediatdy- 
to.tum Fr$tefiant^ It was confidendy reported, that 
great Numbew t)f People, difafifeaed to the then iU 
Jt^riws, bat now RoyaiMoxSe of Hanover ^ were in 
tliofe Meafures*. Whereupon* another Set of Women 
wene hired by the Jac$lnte Leaders, to cry through 
the whole Town, ; Buj^ my Savers, iiatnty Savoys, .^«- 
, rioM^ Savoys. But, I cannot difedUy charge the late 
Earl oi Ojefar^mth thi^ Qm/ftracy,' becauie he was 
not then Chief Minifter. However, this wicked Cry 
ftill. cqntiiuieth in London, and was brought over hi- 
' ther ; where it remaineth to this Day ; and is, in my 
\ humble Opinion, . a very ofieniive Sound . to eveiv true 
j. Eroteftant, who is old enough to remember thofe ^^w* 
' ^£rouf Times, 

\ ^ D^i^wic tlK Mihiftry of thafcormpt zxadi Jacobite 

\ Eaul abote mentioned the fecrct pernicious Defign of 

'thof^ in Power, wa« to MJ'igsn^j to fVd»^f : The 

^ Goiif^qiieidce of which, :muft have been the infallible 

\ Rain'of. the ^/a^^i-Gmm?/, ' and. would have opened 

' the Wliy for France to obtain that nniverfal Monarchy, 

' tbwJtove fojong aimed, at; to which theJJn/i^Do- 

, minions muft next, after Holland^ have been compelled 

to febmit. Whereby the Prdteftant Religion would 

\ hfi rooted oat of the World. 

' , A Defign of this vaft Irti)0rtance, after long Con- 

' fultation among the Jofobiu ^Grandees, with the Earl 

;, Q& Qxfir^ at their Head, was at laft determined to be 

; carried on by the fame Method with the former : It 

; was therefore^ again ^ut in Praaice j but the Condudl 

' of it was chiefly left to chofen Men, whofe Voices were 

; louder and'ftronger than thofe of the other Sex. And 

\ upon this Ocf:arion, was firft inHituted in London, that 

famous Cry of Flovuders. But the friers were 

particularly fdirefted to pronounce the Word Flounders^ 

and aot Flounders, For, the Country which we now 

by Corruption call Flanders, is in its true Orthography 

fpek Fkmdersy as m'&.y be obvious to all who read 


>7^ Jbt ExA^iniATioir ^ 

iAH Effgl^ IkOtt. ^ I %« .fiam hmn hefgan that 

fiarsof «LX«u^;n nw ^g fo maiy Chiidntti fell im 
fits, aiid Women iiiiftacfy;.CaMr^«^ii9i^^'Ft)Min> 
<kr% ^yrroar/^ ^Flanodkrs,. cbtinmmg l^anadttrs, o/S^v 
4aGfw» i&0; wiudLlaft Wcids^ can vradi^ no Pn^riety 
<rf Speedr» be a|qpliedtoFiAtnMireftl)^deiiid, (as I 
f)t>femd befeir in iferr»^/ a^ 
ta teirPsOTkcef^. co u twu kig lany N^oos (^Ivrisg 
Chfiftwu. Bat the Applfntioii> is.fliU cldfer/ when 
we coi^dcr that all the People were t» be tstken filw 
FiJ^ in.aNet; aiid» bjr Affiftaace of die f^/^, who 
fets np to be die unh9iifal.Fi/h$r of ilf^ l^whole 
HntDcent Natioa was» accndtng to^vr contiion Ex* 
preffion, to be Zsti/ Ar,;fiaf «r « mnnder. 
- 1 lenember^ a^l^ a fMBtkdait Ciier df F/wv 
tlers in London^ who arrived at To much F^nsiLfordie 
Loudnefs of hniVtnatr ^ to have theifoiibvnff bdag 
nentknifil opoa that accooat in a Cmnedyv He 
Imth dxtaiicd meaum^K a JkCocaiagi faeliMah#^<3ne 
wdshin:fi%BoQrs^ Lodging: i%tld:aldH)ii^I 

f;giis widch our comiMm Enemy hadr thear In Agio* 

tion; yet, i know nothow, b^ a fecMr h^f^ 

yooBig as I was, I cotdd not rorbeup* uancU ifl ; * 

fIfcMme DiiKQe.againft die >Feltow ^ and> often ^ to 

myfelf, this Cry feemeth ia be^foigedf lathe J9J^ 

School; Alasy t»orMn^ami^ Itrntgritv^Jfy ii^alm, 

if there he not /me Pop^ F/ot at mlB^ftom. l^cm' 

jnanicated my Thoughts (oan imtimaee FHead, wha 

reproached me with being too vifiotoary id my^peco- 

lations, ButitprQ\«dafterwarda, that f ceojlsdflied 

right. And I have fince refie^ed> that ¥ the wscktd 

Padtion could have procored only a Hiounind A^» 

c£ as ftrong Longs as die FeiioW'Idiieitddiied^ none 

can tell how terrible die Confequences might have 

been, not only to thefe two Kingdoois, bat over all 

Europe^ by felling Flanders to Frante: And yet Aeie 

Cries continue unponiAied, both in Lon^ and D^- 

Hin f aldioughr I oonfefe, mot wkh oqud W^umtosf 


^efperate Plot, is^ id^iMtt' geedirPi^ly^^wllMf^ceaM. 

It is well I^K>wn» tfa^t &e Majority of the Briti^ 
Honfe of Comiii<>tt^» in llie fai^ Years of Queen u/mr/s 
Adgn, weiete'dieir Hisartsdifd^y oppofite to the 
Earl of Oxford^ pernio^us Meafures; which put him 
tmdUftt thr Nieceifity €F biibing tlMi with Salaries. 
^^Qfeiid^^ lie hftd tga^RteouHe tohis old Politicks. 
Aiiifr*W»|liMiilgl/ hk Erafifirari^s were verjr %^' \n 
eti^lO^iilg c^tiUn ttflM-WoiiK^, df fi(^g6od'Lm| of 
QoiivMdtiMi^ fas "it :was f^ly prioved ' before JVillice; 
*i\^)- wciytSat Vegetable,: a^mmonl^ called' 
Shitmi^ throalili ^Tbwn. Thefe Women differed 
fMMii- llie common Criers of that Herb, by- ifbiAepri- ' 
-v^re-Maik which P coidd nerer karn ; but th6 Matter' 
wa&'iioi^otts'eiioii^/and iyHciMtlyiiafked of; and 
^fcd«t Aeteie'Penod #as^e!ie ^ry of^oj^hrou^t, 
<nf^isr1ii€d4!hk Kingdom: .KiV %lce therein' not, at 
t\d¥fit^U t^e leitft'Obea€oii lib Mped the Loyalty' 
€^>i»uf<Criei«%{kmthat Ar^e/t2iyt;6n^tllh^ ^ 
^irf^telbeis^teHittJd.-; ^ ' : ^ ' : . I 

'i'lhijdl mention' bnt one^ry* more, whfch' hath' 
aify R^fettAoe^tO fV>lieidl9; I bat is; indeed, of all 
ddieM'lhtf'iAoft'iafolent,' as well as treafonable, nnder 
t>tirpi«^(^t^^hiippy E'iaUifRitoent.' t mean, thaj of 
ff^iifs^ ^MkofTMrifips,' itdtoi^hg to the beft Of tho-' 

£ttp^,''biit*hWbiiJ*ciy'7Ww«^r:i ,^lthough thi^ Cry 
t'cif ieni»tdef*^]>ftee dian fiim^df thepreceeding Ehor* 
mi^d,' ibr it'b^An (bpti ^fWr ^<^ Revolution ; yet 
WAS' it' nev^ knowii t«r arrive at {6 great an Height^ 
a4 dmii^ llhe Eouf ofO^ni'^ Power. Some People, 
(wjkdm-i 4ake to brprfvate Enemies) are, indeed, as 
riBfiy ^Ih^lf to profefs their Difapprob^tion of thi» 
€ty} bill^et^fl^e thsat it began by die CbfxtriVincr of 
<)ertii$irt>kPl^oJnM^i''^o ke|»f Hotifes of ill' P^m«. 
yAtettUv/dyftmku inet to draw yomii Mei^ into' 
Yke. '* And thi> fShty pretend to prove by u>me WcvdB 
in thcf Cry t b^oie; after the Crier had bawled oof 
. VoA. IV. B b Turmtfs^ 

.,i! .1/" '• »• . • V '1 

Tm^'xt up the Mifirefi^mU, tti^.Mp, thi^ iMlt> ^ ^ - ' « ^ 
Jlnd turn 4tp tb€ IXi^tir^ mul h^,mt ^iH^- /; )^ 

'This* &y 'toiB^[pQlmc4J.;Bpiiift8» f4aifi)yftm» 
that them can be .npUui^ ^fi^hfar aocam 
fjunoos a Crv, ,thao an ii^vj^adf^&.'.'ic^L 
which»i&4ecdtOi|ghtr.tO'be/few»)y n!W9l8^.iH^\^9 
well ,J3egulatffl<GaveffDinfots j ,f^^ e^QMl jl^^4^ 
ifitenpreciri a& aCriino of Statf . 9fitf 4 Mjpe* .V« M^ 
sot to weak and blind to be dduded at <tlm:Tinc[of 
pay, wi^Mh popr^yafems. inwwWiLjiti^*** 
pro^, demonfb^ di^ very jTime w.bfsi^ thoft 9fO 
Verfes i^eine compofed* and ^ame ^e JV^^f^Vft 1*^ 
Wi|& ^ otW ih^ r^' (ampHs lAf^ ^4|i#« jl» ^ 
CaovKn/or .bis Tialffnt atJ^ib^mi^,:9&4«i^9*<i^'^ 

hi de^y;(hi9f£fta^hpn<.hc^iiiraf taj^:^' il Knif- 
Presence, by Sir fiWjr X)tff/0ii-CA&«'ai4'.GQ|o||«} D^ 
•venp9rt^ at the,^M)inM/ColFe^-lijPolc» -Ql| .the ; JC(|h of 

that tbofe Verfes were only^. ar Blind; to j9P94|4ldie 
iDptl dangerous Deiigas ^ (be i^pty if.yi^^^iiw^, ^ 
firft.Yc^s after the> faapj^y^geyol^^K^l^oi^ ^4^ 
way of .talking in tWr,CJ^?b^'^/l^i;Ai>jM8^ 
H'iJbafeto /ee.tii C^ds Ijifi^ mtm^, ^M^tfMr 

ufed jq'jtbeir Plots agaioA iJ^fi^S^ifisJ^fost^i^ 
their treaionaole Letters writ vfk X^g^^lfitt»^ Wrd^ 
pheredliyj the famqm Or^ I^W/r.(y ^YO^.payi^ 
Si,th^;3£aU^f thpfe'lTwaK ^,,%\fi^ X^i^ti^S^ ? 
fetfoflthatWf, andm\iQ.d^,%J^g^ts.Nc«B^ 
the ^r0// and £^cA^uthors }hay^ giye^ ai^Bfj 4iii^ 
re;it /^ccpnnt of ..the Wocd Xvrvi^ ^ . ^whetba 
out of Ignorance .or PartialiW,^ 'Ijiha]l« no^ .d^ciee; 
becaufe I am fure the Rjeader is convincfd hf. Pf 
iXifcovefy, It is to be obferved, that thii C7 wai 

CBRTAIN Ab0SK99 tSfc. 279 

{ung in a particular Manner, hf Fdlowt in Difguife* 
• to give Notice where thofe Traitors were to meet, in/ 
order tp concert -their villanotu Defignsy 

I have no mote Vb add lipdn this Article, tKan an 
«kilt<il:iei 7io^biU)fliar thofe wlio cry this Root at'pfe* 
iffl^x'Mim^tiistm'^fdlM hri coiii]^dUed By 

the J^.C^p§th^'Pc»K:e,.«>. ^wafv^t^'fTurmfy. and 
Tiot^rurtuip ; ' for, I am afraid, we have mil too many 
Snakes in oar fiofom ; and it would be well if their 
Cellars were fometimte fearched^ when the Owners 
leaft expedl it ^ for lam pot out of Ftar, that Uitci 

w > <^.^^h W<3.>?re t^eaU^iii Malttto df finail Monpnt, 

. wt^yj^ >^negif 4 Aofa t>f the higgled Importance. I 
iiav^^ ailieac^ jha^ itmanifeft, that all thefe Cries 

' Urere^'cotiinVed in {hfnxnrjt d^TimeSt under the Mini- 
;ftiy;of thkt xtefpenlteSta^iman, iKS^/<late J^arl of 
Ox/ordi and for that very Reafon ought to be vejed* 
ed with Horror,, as begun in the Reign of Jacobites^ 

. and may well be numbered among the Rags of P0« 
f€fy zxA:Triaj$ni ^Or-'iF H^ be thought proper, that 
theie Cries muA continue, furely they ought to be 
only trufifd Jin th|i liaiids- of 4rui Btfttfiaats, who 
£avcL g^ven Security to the Government, 

■ » 

« * 



J" • ,1 
„f»r.i •! 

< • A * ' •. 41«' « 

B b s: M ^. 

. u't ./ yi." :-- : 

4 * 

N. B. In the fo^oylnjg'pl^^ the 

sn theNottli of IrHsOfd:* ( tA^tid Mllm^laetcer 

is fuppofed «s^ diK;«ecl to'the'i!)^^iit'J 

£T ' » 

Having on the 1 2 th of OStohtr . laft^ . 
ccived a iL ETT F/R. fiwied ^AtOrm 

• D^/i&r, ana P/i^f/ff ?%5^^|^^^^ 
the, foirovvllji^* t'i^^^ 

to it.' • • " •-^'' '/'"' * ' -•' ' 
The Iitj»w,i#*p^iR, vN?.^^-/ 

Vrtttoi in the Tear 1728. 


IA M a Country GentksiaD» and a Member of Par" 
liament, witti an Eilate of about 1^00 /. a Yea/ ; 
which, as a Northern Landlord, I recetye froax above 
V9(o hundred Tenants : And my Lands having been 
let near twenty Years ago, the Rents, until vtry late* 
]y, were eftecmed not to be above half Valne ; yet 
by the intolerable Scarcity of Sih/er^ I ly under the 
frttteft Difficulties in Receiving them; as well as in 
paying my Labourers ; or buying any Thing neceflaiy 
for my Family from iratUfmen^ who are not able to 
be long out of their Mmej. But the Sofferings of me, 


N* 19' ^he rNTELLIGHNCER. tit 

and thofe of in)r Rank/ are Trifles in Comparifon of 
what the meaner Sort undergo ; fach as the Btrftrs 
2Xidi Sellers at Fnirs and' Markets i the Shop-keepers in 
cv^ryTiwwr ; the Farmers in general j all thole who 
travel with ^5^, FoUitry, Pedian-ware ; and other, 
GoBvetiiehcies taftll: Biitflliorce^cciallyfliwf<^'fr^/- 
y»eti/ who work for uS by this Day ; and common La- 
bourers whom rhave sdready mentioned. Both thefe 
'Kind of People I aYn- forced to employ until their 
Wages- amount to a dtmhk F^iphy or 9. Rhidore^ (for 
we harcUy have any <r^i/'6f lower Value left us) to di- 
Tidie it among themfelves as they can: And this is ge* 
•tieiiiHy; done SLt^n M'hmjt,- or Bramfy-Jho^; where^ 
befides the Goft of getting ^h-mtk, which k ufually the 
Cafe) they mttft pay 7rtf-/^«rr0r-a Shi/Zing^ fordian- 
girig theil" Piece into Silver, to fome HuckJierin^Fellow^ 
who follows that ?nu^. But, what isin£mtelywor(<f, 
thofe poor Men for want of duePayment/ arc forced 
to take up their Oat-meal, and other Ncccflaries of 
lAfe, at aJtnoft double Valne; and, confeqnently, are 
not rible tb diftharge half their Score 5 efpecially un- 
Hler'the Scarcenefs of Com for two Years paft, and 
the melancholy Difappointment of the prefent Crop. 

Tire Caufes of this, and a thoufand other Evils, 
are clear and manifeft to yon, and all thinking Men ; 
although hidden from the Vulgar: Thefe indeed com- 
plain of hard Times, the Dearth of Com, the Want 
of Money, theBadnefs^of Seafohs; that dieir Goods 
besu- fio PHce, tyid the Poor cannot find Work ; but 
their weiikReafbnings never carry them to the Hatred 
and Contempt borne us by our Neighbours and Bre- 
thren; without the leaft Grounds of Provocation; who 
rejoice at our Suflerings, ahhough fometimes to their 
4»wft Difadvantage. They confider not the dead 
Weight upon every beneficial Branch of oar Trade ; 
that half our Revenues are annually fent to Eng^ 
land I with many other Grievances peculiar to fthis 
unhappy Kingdom ; which keep us from enjoying the 
common Benefits of Mankind 1 as you and fome other 

Bb 3 

aSa 7%< Intuug4IHcmi« * M^" i^ 

Loven of their CooDtif have fo often ofaferved, witk 
fuch good Indtnatioiis, and fo Uttie £i{e£^. 

It is true iodeedy that oader our Circumftances hi 
general ; this GoopAaiat for the Want of Stkar, may 
appear as ridicnloiu, as for a Man to be iapaticut a* 
MQt a au Finger« when he is ilnidc with the^/^^>* 
And yeta poor Feflonr going to ^bieOs/Uw^^ pajr be 
allowed to feel the Smart of if^aAs while he i$ npon 
TjImrm-rwatU This Mislbnnne is io Qiging» and veza- 
tbas in every Kind of iinaUTrafficki andibhom^ 
preffing ofon all Peribns m 4e Country wi^vei^ 
ihat an hundr^ Inco^veniencies^of perluu>s greatMo* 
ment in theniielve% have bem* tamely mbmioed to^ 
«ndifiur left Dilqiiietnde and Monnursr. An^ the Calf 
leemetli yet the harder, if it be true^ iwh^t many fiu^ 
ful Men aflert, that nodiineis more eafy than a SLcme- 
dy ; and, that the Want ofSilvir, in proportionte the 
little Gii^ remaining among ns, is akogether as nnnc- 
€c&ary» as it is inconvenient. A Peribo of DiftinAian 
aflurra me very lately, that, in difeonriing with die 
* Lor J Liiuttnata^ before his laft Retari| to Sftgiatuli 
his EMlUmy faid» & bmtfi^Jkd the MaMtt ^hm^ im 
proper Timi amd PUkt, and to proper Ferjjom ; OfUtoodi 
not Joi arf Difficulty if tbok^ft mmmt, thai €omUpn* 
nfeut us from Saug made eafy upon tBis jMck. 

Wroivsr carrieth to Eugloud twenty feven EmgUJb 
Shillings^ and bna^h backoneM«M«iMtvof full Weighs 
is a Gainer of Nine Pence Irifl^ z In a Gmuemt the 
Advanlage ^ Thjree Peace f and TwoPencn in a 
PsJI^, The BANKias^ who are generally MiAm 
of all oar Gpld and Sikw, . with this Advantafe, have 
fent over a« much of \the latter, as <^me iot^ Aeir 
Hands. The Valoe of One thoufand Moidores in 
Siher^ woold thus amount in clear Profit an 37/ to i» 
"iLYit Sbop^keepers^ and other Tr^M^/, whogotoZjffdb 
to buy Goods, followed the £une Practice j by 
which we have been driven intp thia infopponaUe 
Difirefs. . ^ . 

* !nr Z^r^ Carteiet. 

Tq -dktsmNMfi Jbinker, ii^ihfMld reem;> Att mh 

<|Bhe VMne cff Gmkimi^fn^itm^eei^iwMitghmL firom 
-^ 1 . #<% ^ j6:i. , to only' %\a*. tfae^CoD^qncta^ tt>^iU^ 

^ i$0r Ma» ma)^ be Mhrnsi tdt kaUta woitdeiv at* 
!d>o«|^ he jarettoKon^iiin, wliy a iwir Ktoj^b^cti 
^,C^9^WQVig%ii9f was ootrtiMai aiadfi; itaonvfnoxvt 
jHrbir it h»A nev^ hBeii:fiAcf » It ^MoldAiCmtfy requn^ 
ll(>V«Xf. pit^fQOBd SIdll iir^^otviy to.Bedu(ir:tbrI>il^ 
^rem^ Jb£ vfffW i'cnrrc c« l£r^ .SU^^agsy' or .^Otm^ 
/V<r In % Gtdma toMi ibaii a FarMwgi: .skid & finaH 
liiF/aSadBjQo«Idbea6>Te9it>tasiim^ either t^.A0«ffftr 
,«Q ba^d lheur9/jiycr.atS6a^ or TradefiDen la load 

.any baoiUp C^huoDr it wouH! be no oaieaibDiifale Coik 

Und^ eitb^r tbat lUsmiikable Watit oiJSUvmf, h not 
fofiUe ta be reiaedied in any Degree, hyihtmxxk^ 
Skiain.jihitilKffid;' minik, fku k doth nntftana 
with the good Pleafure of .Englmui tft foffer aiiy A4^ 
^n;ff^ al a]) amekig us. In tiie fenner €a£b,.i it wonid 
be Ma^ofs to expe& bnpoflibiUties ; and in the o^et, 
wemvft Aibjatt: For, Live$ and Fnitnoes are idways^ 
^t the Mer^y of tbe CoHquxaoav 

To^t Qo^ion hath been often .pot in prijiud*Fkp^ 
Iw tbft DaiFifia and otiMfs, or, peiA096,.l^ the'taase 
WfttTSa. nnder^t^i^nt Styles, wby^isKingdoiii 
^ouldomt be|>ern»tted to have. a Mint of its own» 
ior di0 Qoba^ of G«^» &^x^, and Cgfpgri which » 
a Power exercifed by many Bifinft^ and every petty> 
Prince in Germany f &it d^ Queftion hath never been 
^nfwcred; nM* the \faA AfqpHcation, that I haa^eheasd 
#>f, made to die CSrvww from .hence, fixr the Giant of 
apHbJfti Wnti altbAUgbiitftandetb upon Record, 4h4t 
i^veijal Cities and Coipdradons hc^re^ bad the Liboty 
fof €^^ng f therm - I ean fee no ReaibnB, why we alone 
<>f a^KatjoivvaKC daid ic ftr iM if d ; i>iitibdi aa I datn 


■otiiiaiti<ni>:iOMf tMs flur/Iiiiay>^ that 

(A^Ani^is^liefiiftTiaiftrlalKltigdofli, riiite^M^vW, 

:::o£ kiidvr ^T^'^; that to' J5»gAuM/ k^s^UiirfUfefe' 
iikr Sob^ to^fcioti «ither«he FW^^ ^ the F^riBul- 
4MM^»: ^nmdMit 'be'donei ia a dotiflift and T^gote 
lyfaimert BurWhat k lawM (or a Siiljtsa df irOimd^ 
\ proftfi I cannot dccermine : Nw wtii' I ttttdeitake» 
diat yoQC Prrafir (hall not ^^eprofecoted, in a Ctmrt if 
n^y ifbrpablifliiAg xofUybei; diat a poor ShofH 
qpes mkht beable to change a ^K^bitfr or a i^^ 


when a Cuftomerco&iedi £>r a'&MimiV'Weith of 
Goodf. ^'IhaTB fcno«m Ids Climes mmiflied vAtk the 
mmoft Seventy^ undtvthe -Tide d Dtfliffeaioki And 
l:ciniiDttbirt: amove theWifdom of the Miim^^ wlic», 
itfter u<i^A had fled fioih &e £«th, at leaf^fbclB caie 
to provide ibra ufH^t Jti^es'ff^ Ibli, Mens Eai^ 
.among ns, are indeed -grown io *t&ct^ that whoever 
-happeneth to think t)ttt of > Faftnon, in what relateth 
tOTthe Wdfjtre of ^ Kihgdom, ikiB lioc^ii/^tooch as 
rcomplaitt -of ih» Tvatk^ncb i leftoar:weik)hnd Imiy 
DahUen in fPolitktcs, fhonld be ready t^ fweitf^^^ 
g*na him For iDe^j^ftSrar. i :'.'• i ;•!..- 

Thbee wa^ ft Method f^t9iQ^kdi'\»f^^h Amknfi^ 
Crawi^, . die great Dealer in IrM^w^irkii whkh I 
wonder the Gendemen of oor.Countiyy nnder dus 
great Exigency, have not thought fit to imitate. In 
the (evcral Towns andiVslhiges ix^eie *he dealt^ and 
nmay Miles UDoad; hegave'Aof/^infteadof M^tfjr, 
from f*wo Foiceio Twenty ShiUings r which pafled cur- 
rent in all Shops and Markets, asivtMl ai in H6des» 
where Meat or Drink was fold. 'I fee: no Reafon, 
viihy the like PradUce may not be introduced among us, 
with Come Degree of Succefs \ or at leaft may not £rve 
:as a poor Expedient, in this tnox hkffid J^e of Faper ; 
/which, asitxlifdhaigeth attoor greatdl ^ymeMs, may 
he. equaiiy ufefiil in the fisiaUer ; and may |4ft keep us 
4dive m^.2A.Englifik,J&^ParMimiM^Jbidifo^fidk. 
: . J have .been. t<^ j iha^ among fbme of « eor wstdi 
Amm£9a Cok)l»€i8>. hpoa the: Coittin$x^> -^ ^^eople 
• ' ' enjoy 

them into Halves 4Qd^Qu^i;te]^,.ior j^kie., Gonvcuieii* 
vileg< .werej^te^p iM'^^Ckf waplA)ttf«)thftScifliHrs for 

while;^hxTiv»g<bfpcr,jW4a4?4' i ;:•• ]:cf.i ;* : 
the ni'iU Jk^iftif^^^^^i f^^^^i^ iwilh. diii^.cdo 

theiy oy^:i^»x4^i^ff^^fin^ 

l^/^,iaa Tow^lUfMSid., i;;r ^^f., , ' >. 

.Der, let his Lands, even as Times went then, at a low 
Rate tp able Teoanta* and confe^nentl/ by the Rife of 


r*/l*tiiitl4«Kctr; - S* 19. 

fet at half ' V'afoe •: • !B«t NW>er^ o^ ^cJe 'Tenants, or 
xthdr DeOendcbiM^ ktb ho^^fienftg tb^eU their Lea- 

of iham-itftiapftlbfeifer cten' Inid'^fiH&^^ee-Farmi,. 
:wirit)i,tlie liari4k>rdliimleIF1^«^Bh>&ght hi hi half 

tlic Rrice diftf ^Wd h«ye yielded ^^vtiiY^ari kgd. 
^d'lbiM Uaifes l^t4«tfte lfiittc^«iiM^ f6r BVc^; tei^ 

fent among as; I fa^, aifityn^ ^^>C'ti]fe.^//0?A&/ ^hb 
-we dfcetoS » *lld' Wil/^tkrhrihg'Fibdl^ iirtlic, Rtng- 

1«iuni»0i&s Ad^dMiMlES'^ ^^Mtereeii^ikbft d^tivedn; bf 

ri Asu>.tiMeBtiidWI(^viAo6bnM»^o^^^ 
tts their Pieces of Linen, iqsimM^ilcH th[e^v^RdleI>e- 
tfmdkfce^ (letfcly ft)^^fi»Bitf«Wd^ ^itcaci^etther 
tr Ji^isiteMsUkaBlebthWihHElfthid^H^ib^ 

imtid% ali^pd(6ble fl^li^id^'^ li^daftr'^M^e^ 

/horn tliife^ltfnfbtiiMsi/fmciem^oWk&th'eih nndei** 
uaka^iQ^fBaioiwAn^Mn^M^A^^ge^ in M Seafons 
WetiivV^atl^ dtxdCoPillamitttoiai&t^ift^dtcSr SUps» 

^^^f^iMie clMlMiDVfc(;g^tPMfr %tk^at)bi^ AaOvtt. 

icd ]^f^d'0}^«ttfti M«(^the)^^ MMiing%inf; by 
all Means, to come over r^^itt^fe'vi^s^^-fi^ef'frmtM 

'.But tlM^^fndiiof'Aie F^ i^this :. -The ^ilr^^eihi* 

y/ol i: )c r.iiij '■inK 'ryii'l > aj^t, .at- ^ < .\ r.I . ^ 
i}6iiJ{ -jc'i /i xiJir^ y.ic.iij i A*i 4«)ir 'o'l' i^J- u. ,. 

felR^. are. fcia^Hi|,,fhofe)i?!^^5^lR 

about a kmdred rears >Pui«l^f^t'^;^^^ 1>a|(9.<er|.*: 
l>rQ\y,.^3ffi^ tUeJP<fr>ilea{bn%H^i^iBclii|o 9(U Ih^^e 

]y dec6ived, m the Opini6nf^.^]|q^'.)li9ye^o^ih^ hlf|>K 
Condition of^lieir Friends gone before them. This 
was accidentally difcovefi^ ^ii|^,^^nths age» by an 
:iioneft Man $ who having tranfjxMted hxaiTelf and 
Family thithe^^^l^d^findii^:^!' Things diredUy Gon'> 
:trary to his llope, had theLtickto<onvey a private 
Note, bK.,%f^t^|t^iiand, to his Relation here ; in- 
treating ^him not to tlkink of (odi a Voyage, and to 
diXcpiHfji^ aJU his Friends from attemptifn| it. 

YsT.this, idthough it be a Truth well known, hath 
produced very litde Efiedly which is no Manner of 
AVonder ; for as it is natural to a Man In a Fe*ver to 
turn often, although without any Hbpe^yf £sfc^ior 
whea he is pnrfued, to leap doitai ;a Pcecipt^, t# 
.aroid an Enemy jail at his Back ; So^ ^en in the 
«xtremeft Degree of Mifery and Want, will .naturally 
fty to the firil Appearance of Relief, let it be ever ^ 




r • 

f el 

: '^- 


• I. '. 


^ « • 




Propofed by Repealing the 

Sacramental Test, 

Impartially Confidered. 

Written m the Year 1732. 

WFlOEVER writeth impartially upon this Sub* 
je£t, muft do it not only as a mere fecular 
Man ; but as one who is altogether indifferent to any 
particular Syftem of Chriflianity. And, I think, in 
whatever Country that Religion predominates, there 
is one certain Form of Worihip and Ceremony, 
which is looked upon as the Eftablifhed ; and confe- 
quently only the Prieds of that parttcular Form, are 
maintained at the publick Charge ; and all Civil Em- 
ployments are bellowed among thofe who comply 
(at leail outwardly) with the fame Eilablifhment. 

This Method is ftridUy obferved, even by our 
Neighbours the Dutch, who are confefTed to allow 
the fulieft Liberty to Confcience, of any Chriftian 
State ; and yet are never known to admit any Perfons 
into Civil Offices, who do not conform to the legal 
Worfliip. As to their Military Men, they are indeed 
not fo fcrupulous j being, by the Nature of their Go« 
vemraent, nnder a NecdHtyofhiring foreign Troops, 

Vol. IV. C c of 

.9sgQ The Advantages propofii -hj 

of whatever religions Denomination, upon every 
great Emergency ; and maintaining no fmall Num» 
bcr in Time of Peace. 

Th I s Caution therefore of making one Eftablifhed 
Faith, feemeth to be univerfal, and founded upoa the 
^Irongeft Rvafon* ; the miftaken, or affefted Zeal of 
K^bitinacy and Entholhifm, havifl^ produced* fuch a 
Number of horrible deftrudive Events, throughout 
all Chrifiendom, For, whoever beginneth to think the 
National Worfhip is wrong in any important Article 
ofPradice or Belief, will, if he be ferious, natorallj 
' have a Zeal to mdce as many Proielytes as he can : 
^nd a Nation may poflibly have an Hundred diffe- 
rent Se6ts with their Leaders; everyone of which 
hath an equal Right to plead, that they mufl obey 
God rather than Man ; muH cry aloud tmdfpare not ; 
muft lift up their Voice like a trumpet. 

This was the very Cafe of England^ during the 
Fanatick Times. And, againft all thi^- there feemeth 
to be no Defence, but chat of fupporting one eftablifhed 
Form of Dodlrine and Difcipline ; leaving the reft ^ 
-a bare Liberty of Confcience ; but without any Main- 
tenance or Encouragement from the Publick. 
• WHERE-EVERthis National Religion groweth fo 
coritipt, or is thought to do fo by a very great Majority 
of landed People, joined to the governing Party, whe- 
ther Prince or Senate, or both ; it ought to be changed ; 
provided the Work might be done without Blood or 
Confufion. Yet, whenever fuch a Change (hall be 
made,fome other EftabliQiment mufl fucceed, although 
"forthe worfe; allowing all Deviations that wouM 
break the Union, to be only tolerated. In this S^nfe, 
*thofe who affirm that every Law, which is contraxy 
to the Law of God, is void in itfelf, feem to be mif- 
taken. For, many Laws in Pofijh Kingdoms and 
States ; many more among the ^urhs ; and peAfa^ 
not a few in other Countries, are dire6Uy agaiiift the 
Divine Law's ; and yet, God knoweth, arc very far 
-from being void in ^he executive Part. 


Repealing ffo Sacrament al-^est, ^c. 29.x? 

Thus, for Indance : If the three Eflates of Parlla-* 
nent in England (whereof the Lords Spiritual) wha^ 
reprefent the Churchy are one) fhould agree, and ob- 
tain the Royal AiTent to aboUih Epifcopacy ; together 
with the Liturgy, and the whole. Frame of the Eng-* 
lijh Church, as burdenjothe^ dangerous^ . tind contrary tax 
Hoiy*Scrip(urt ;., and that Prejbytery^ Anahapti/m, ^a- 
kerifm. Independency , Muggletoniani/m, Brotwntfin, Fa'- 
fMt/ifiny or any other fubdivided Sed among us,.. 
fhould be eftablifhed in its Place ; without Quetlion, 
aOil peaceable^Subjedts ought paifively to fubmit ; and* 
the predominant Sed mull become the Religion efta- 
hliihed ; the Publick. maintaining ino other Teachers,, 
Dor admitting any Perfons of a. different religious Pxo-> 
fcffion, into Civil Offices, at leail, if their Intention be^ 
to preierve the Nation in Peace. 

Supposing then, that the prefent Syflem of Re-- 
ItgiQn were abolifhed ; and Prejhytery^ which I find. 
ftands the faireil ; with its Synods'and Clafles, and alL 
j^s Forms and Ceremonies, eHential oc drcumilantiaL 
were eriedcd into the national Worfhip^ Their Teach -r 
ers, and no others, cotild have anyJegal Claim to be. 
fupported at the publick Charge, whether by Stipends^ 
or Tythes ; and only the refl of the fame Faith to b& 
capable of civil Employments. 

If. there be. any true Reafoning in what I have laid 
down ; it fhould feem, that the Proved now in Agita-. 
tjon for repealing the .7>^ ^•(^y and yet leaving the- 
Name of an Eftablifhment to tl^e prefent National 
Church is altogether inconfiflent ^ and may admit of 
Confequences, which thofe, who are thr-moft indiffe* 
rent to any Religion at all, are ppfTibly not aware of, 

I prefume, whenever . the. l.'efi fball be repealed,, 
which obligeth all Men, who enter into Office under 
the Crown, to receive th^ Sacrament according to the 
Rites of the Church of Ireland-, the Way to Employ- 
ments will immediately be left open to all DiJJkntets 
(except Papiftj) whofe Confci^nces can fuffer them ta 
(^e^the common Oaths, in fuch Cafes prefcribed ; af- 

C c 2 tcr . 

292 7%/ AOVAKTAGES prtfofid by 

ter whichy they are qualified to fill anj Lay Station ia 
this Kingdom, from that of Chi^f Govemor to an 

Thus, of the three Jadges on each Bench, thefirfi 
snay be a Prejhytetian^ the fecond a Free'^mill Baptif, 
ana the third a Church/tan ; the Lord Chancellor may 
be an Itufependant ; the Revenues may be managed by 
ieven CommiiSoners of as many different Se£ls ; and 
the like of all other Employments. Not to mention 
the ilrong Probability, that the Lawfulnefs of taking 
Oaths may be revealed to the Quakers ; who then will 
fland upon as good a Foot for Preferment, as any o- 
ther loyal Subjed. ft is obvious to imagine, under foch 
a motly Adminifbation of AfTairSyWhat a Clafhing there 
will be of Interefts and Inclinations ; what Pullings 
and Hawlings backwards and forwards ; what a Zeal 
and Bias in each Religioniil, to advance his own Tribe^ 
-^ttd deprefs the others. For, I fuppofe. nothing will 
be readier granted, than that how indifferent toever 
moil Men are in Faith and Morals ; yet, whether oul 
of Artifice, natural Complexion, or Love of Contra- 
diction, none are more obflinate in maintaining their 
own Opinions, and worrying all who differ from diem, 
than thofe who publickly fhew the leaft S^nfc, eidier 
of Religioi^, or common Honefly. 

As to the latter, Biihop Bur/tet tdleth us, that the 
'Prrftfyteriam^ in the Fanatick Times, profefled them- 
felves to be above Morality ; which, as we find ia 
fome of their Writings, was numbered among the lug' 
garly Elements : And accordingly, at this &ay, no 
Scruples of Confcienc^, with reg^d to Conformity, 
are in any Trade or Calling, inconfiftent with the 
greateft Fraud, Oppreffion, Perjury, or any other Vice. 

This brings to my Memory a PafFage in Montaigne, 
of a common Proftitnte ; who, in the fiorming of a 
Town, when a Soldier came up to her Chamber, and 
offered Violence to her Chaflity, rather chofe to ven- 
ture her Neck^ by leaping out of the Window, than 


Repealing /*# Sacramental Test, (ffc. 293 

fuiFer a Rape ; vet ftill continued her Trade of Lewd* 
&e{s, while ihe had any Cuflomers left. 

I confefsy that) in my private Judgment, an unli-» 
mited Permiifion of all Seds whatever (except Papijisy 
to enjoy Employments, would be lefs pernicious to 
the Pubjicky than a fair Struggle between two Con- 

' tenders ; becaufe, in the Farmer's Cafe, £uch a Jumble 
of Principles might poflibly have the Effedl of contrary 
Foifons mingled together ; which a flrong Ck>n(litudon 
might perhaps be able for fbme time to furvive. 

SuT, however, I Ihall take the other, and more pro- 
bable Suppofition, that this Battle for Employments, is 
to be fought only between the Fre/byterians^ and thofe^ 
of the Church jf/ eftablifhed. I fhall not enter into the 
Merits of either Side, by examining which of the two 
is the better fpintual Oeconon\y, or which is mod fuited . 
to our Civil Conllitution. But the Que (lion turneth up- 
on this Point : When the Prejbyterians Ihall have got 
their Share of Employments, (which mud be one uili 
half,, or elfe they cannot look upon themfelves as fairly 
dealt, with) I .afk, whether they ought not by their 
own Principles, and by the ftriftefl Rules of Confci- 
ence, to ufe the utmoll of their Skill, Power, and In- 
fluence, in order to reduce the whole Kingdom to an 
Uniformity in Religion, both as to Dodlrine and Dif- 
cipline moft agreeable to the Word of God. Where- 
m, if they can fucceed without Blood (as under the 
prefent Difpolkion of Things it is very poflible they 
xnay] it is to be hoped they will at laft be fatisfied ; 
only I would warn them of a. few Difficulties. The 
fird is, for compromiiing among themfelves, that im- 
portant Controverfy about the old Light and the ne-w ; 
which otherwife may, after this Eftablidiment, fplit 
them as wide as Papifl and P¥oteftant^ Whig and T^ory^ 
or Churchman and Dijfenter \ and confequently the 
Work will be to begin again. For in religious Quar- 
rels, it is of little Moment how few or fmafl the Dif- 
ferences are ; efpecially when the Difpute is ohiy about 
Power. Thus, the zealous Prejbyterians in the Norfh, 

^e more alienated >from the edablilhed Clergy, than 

C c 3 frcftft 

294 ^ Advantages fropofii Ij 

from the 'Romfi Priefts ; taxbg the former widi ido* 
latrous WoHhip, as difgiuifed Paftfts^ Ceremony Aiox* 
gers^ and many other Terms of Art; and this for a 
very powerfbl Reafon ; becaufe the Clergy ftand in 
their Way, which the P9ptfi> Prieds do not. Thus I 
am aflbreidy that the Qoaml between OU mA New 
Ligbt'men^ is managed with more Rage and Rancoui^ 
than any other DiTpute of the higheft Importance ; 
and this, becaufe it ferveth to leflen or increaie their 
federal Congregations, from whom they receive their 

Another Difficulty which may embarafs die Pnf^ 
hyterians after their Eftablilhrnent, will be how to ad- 
jufl their Claim of the Kirk\ Independency on the 
Civil Power, with the Conftitntion of this Monarchy; 
a Point fo delicate, thstt it. hath often filled the Heads 
of great Patriots withdaneeroos Notions of the Church 
Clergy, -without the leaft Ground of Snfpicion. 

As to the Prejhyteriatis allowing Liberty of Confd- 
ence to thofe of Epifcopal Principles, when their own 
Kirk ihall be predominant ; their Writers are fo nni- 
verfally agreed in the Negative, as well as their Pra- 
ctice during OU<ver'% Reign, that I believe no reafon- 
able Churchman, (who muft then be a Dijfenter) will 
expeCl it. 

I (hall here take Notice, that in the Diviiion of 
Employments among the Prtfiyterians^ after this ap- 
proaching Repeal ofthe ^eft-Aa ; fuppofing them in 
proper Time, to have an equal Share, I compute the 
Odds will be three or four to one on their Side, in any 
further Scheme they may have towards making their 
Religion National. For I reckon, all thofe Gentle- 
men fent over from England^ whatever Religion they 
profef5, or have been educated in, to be of that 
Party : Since it is no Mark of Prudence, for any Pcr- 
fons to oppofe the Current of a Nation, where they 
are in fome Sort only Sojoorners, unlefs they hanit it 
in DireQion, 

If there be any Maxim in Politicks, net to becon- 
trouledj it muft be the following. That thofe whoib 


Repealing the Sacramental TEST^&Tf. 495 

private Intereft is united with the Intereft of their 
Country; fappoiing tbem to be of equal Underftand* 
ing with die reft of their Neighbours, will heaitily 
wilh, that the Nation fhould thrive. Out of thefe are 
indubitably excepted ^11 Perfbns Who are fent from 
another. Kingdom, to be emj^oyed in Places of Profit 
or Power ; becauie they canpoffibly bear no AffefUoA 
to the Place whpre they fojoum, even for Life ; their 
foIeBufinefs being to advance themfelves, by following 
the Advice of their Principals, I except hkewife thofe 
Perfons who are taken into Offices, although Natives 
of the Land ; becaufe they are greater Gainers while: 
they keep their Offices, than chey could poffibly be by: 
snendiil|^ the miferable Condition of their Country. 

I except, thirdly, all Hopers, who, by balancing: 
Accounts with diemfelves, turn the Scade on the fame: 
Side ; becaufe the (Iron? Expedtation of a good cer- 
tain Salary will outweigh the Lpfs by bad Rents^ r^ 
ceivedout of Lands in moneylefsHHrnes. 

If, my Lords the Bifhops, who, I hear, arc now 
employed in a Scheme for regulating the Condudi and 
Maintenance of the inferior Clergy, fhall, iif their 
Wifdom and Piety, and Love of the Church, confent 
to this Repeal of the Teft^ I have not the leaft Doubt, 
that the whole Reverend Body will chearfully fubmit 
to their fpiritual Fathers ; of whofe paternal Tender- 
nefs for theiir Welfare,^ they have already found fo- 
many amazing Inftances. 

I am not, therefore, under the leafl Concern about 
the Clergy on this Account. They will (for fame 
^ime) be no great Sufferers by this Repeal ; oecaufe I 
cannot recollect, among all our Se6ts, any one that 
giveth Latitude enough to take the Oaths required at 
an Inftitunon to a Church-living ;^ and until that 
Bar (hall be removed the prefent Epifcopal Clergy 
are fafe for two Years. Although it may be thought 
ib mt'what unequal, that in the Northern Parts^ where 
there may be three Dijfenters to one Churchman ^ the 
whole Revenue (hall be engrofled by him who hatb 

foiinallaPartof the Cure. 


19^ Tbt AdVAKTAG£S propo/ed hf 

It m tnie» indeed* that this DiradTanU|;e« which 
iktDyfewtitu at prefent 1/ under^ of a Difability to 
seceive Church-prefenneiitSy will be^eafily remedied 
by the Repeal of the Teft. For the Difenting Teach- 
en are under no Ii>cap^y of accepting Civil and 
Military Employments; wherein they agree perfedly 
with the Pcpifi Clqrgy ; among whom, great Cardir 
nals and Prdates have been Comma^^ers of Armies^ 
Chief Minifters» Knights of many Orders, Ambaflar 
dors. Secretaries of State, and in moft high Offices 
.under the Crown ; aldiough they afTert the imblibk 
ChoT'OSer which no Sedanes among us did ever a£- 
fume. But that, many, .both PrefyterioHs and Inde- 
p^ndoMis, Commanders^ as well as private fc>ldiers» 
were profefled Preachers in the Time of their Domi- 
nion, is allowed by tJl, Cromwell himfelf was a 
Preachef s and hath left us one .of his Sermons in 
Print, exadly ia the lame Style and Manner with 
thofe of our modem Prejhytman Teachers: So 
was Colonel Howard, Sir George Dovuning^.^ and feve* 
ralot'hers whofe Names are on Records I can there* 
foresee noRea{an why. a painful J^r^/m^zs Teach- 
er, as foon as the Tefi fhall be repealed, may not be 
privileged to. hold, along with his fpiritual Office and 
Stipend, a Commiffion in the Army,, or the Civil 
Lift in Commendami For, as I take it, the Church of 
England is the only Body of Chriftians, which, in 
EfFedt, difqoaliHes thofe who are emj>loyed to preach 
i^ Dodbine, from* (haring in the Civil Power, further 
than as Senators ; Yet this was a Privilege begun in 
Times of Popery^ many hundred Years before the 
Reformatbn ; and woven with the very Inftitution of 
our limited Monarchy. 

Tker^ is. indeed another Method,, whereby the 
Stipends of diflenting Teachers may be raifed and 
. the Farmer much relieved ; if it fhould be thought 
proper to reward a People fo deferring, and fo loyal 
by their Principles. Every Bifhop,. upon the Vacan- 
cy of aChorch^iving, can fequefter the Profits for 
die Ufe of the next Incumbent. . Upona Lap^ of 


RipeaUfig /£^Sacram£KTAL Test, &r. 297 

half a Year, the Donation falleth to the Archbifhop» 
and after a fall Year to the Crown, during Pleafure. 
Therefore, it woald be no Hardfhip for any Clerg}'-< 
man, alive, if, in thofe Parts of Ireland^ where the 
Number of Sedaries much exceedeth that of the 
Conformifts, the Profits, when fequeftered, might be 
applied to the Support of the diflenting Teacher^ 
who hath fo many Souls to take Care of: -Whereby 
the poor Tenants would be much relieved in thofe 
hard Times, and in a better Condition to pay their 

But there is another DifHciilty in this Matter, a* 

faind which a Remedy doth not (o readily occur.' 
or, fuppofing the Teft-Ad repealed, and the Dif- 
fenters in Confequence fully qualified for all -iecular 
Employments; theQueftibnmay ftill be put. Whe- 
ther thofe of Ireland will be often the Perfons onr 
whom they (hall be bellowed ; becaufe it is imagined, 
there may be another Sendnaty in View, more numerous 
and more needy^ as well as more meriting^ and more 
eafily contented with fuch low Offices ; which fome 
nearer Neighbours hardly think it worth fUrring front 
their Chimney-fides to obtain. And, I am told, it t^ 
the common rra6tice of thofe who are (killed in the 
Management of Bees ; that when they fee a foreign 
Swarm, at fome DiHance, approaching ^th an In- 
tention to plunder their Hives ; thefe Artids have a 
Trick to divert them into fome neighbouring Apiary, 
there to make whatHavock they pleafe. This I 
ihould not have hinted, if I had not known it already^ 
to have gotten Ground in many fufpe6ling Heads : 
For it is the peculiar Talent of this Nation, to fee 
Dangers afar off: To all which, I can only fay, that 
our native Prejbyteriam muft, by Pains and Induftry» 
raife fuch a Fund of Merits as will anfwer to a Birth 
fix Degrees more to the Uorth, If they cannot ar- 
rive at this Ferfe^on, as feveral of the eftablilhed 
Church have compafifed by indefatigable Pains ; I do. 
not well fee, how their AfiTairs will much mend by 
repealing the leji;, fior, to be qualified by Law to 


i^S- T5te Advantages propofid hy^ &c. . 

accept an Empjoyment ; and yet to be difqualified' 
in Fadl, as it will rouch increaie the Mortification, fo 
it will ^\ichdra\l^ the Pity of many among their Well- 
wiihers ; and utterly deprive them of that Merit they 
have fo long made, of being a loyal true Proteftant 
People, perfecuted only for Religion. 

If this happen to be their Cafe, they mail wait 
Maturity of Time ; until they can by prudent, gentle 
Steps, make their Faith become the Religion efta^^ 
Uifiied in the Nation ; after which, I do not in the 
lead doubt, that they will take the moil efiednal 
Methods, to fecure their Power againft thofe who 
muft then be Dijfenters m their Turn j whereof, if we 
may form a future Opinion from pr^efent Times, and 
the Difpoiitions otDiffentersj who love to make a< 
thorough Reformation ; the Number and Qualities will 
be very inconfiderable. 

Thus I have, with the utmoft Sincerity, after 
long thinking, given my Jud^ent upon this arduoosr 
Affair ; but with the utmoil Deference and Submif-^ 
fion to publick Wifdom and Power^ 



Relating to the 

Sacramental Test. 

"Written in the Year 1732. 

^ry. V T 7 H E T H E R Hatred and Violence be- 
W tween Parties in a State be not more 
inflamed by different View« of Intereft, than by the 
greater or lefler Differences between them, either in 
Religion or Government ? ' 

Whether it be any Part of the Queftion at this 
Time, which of the two Religions is worfe, Popety^ 
or Fanaticifm I or not rather, which of the two, (ha- 
ving both the fame Good-will) is in the hopefuUeft 
Condition to ruin the Church ? 

Whether the Scftaries, whenever tliey cbmeto 
prevail, will not ruin the Church as infallibly and 
cfFeftually as the Papijis ? 

Whether the prevailing Seftaries could allow 
X^iberty of Confcience io DiJ/hnrs, without belying 

300 ^UE R IE S, &c. 

all their former Pradicej and alxnoft all their foimer 

Whether many Handred thoofand ^ro/j Prefby- 
teriansy are not full as virulent againft the Epifcopal 
Charch, as they are againft the Papifts ; or, as they 
would have os think, the Fafifts are againft them ? 

Whether the Duich^ who are moft diflingmihed 
for allowing Liberty of Confcience, do ever admit any 
PerfonSy who profefs a 'different Scheme of WoHhip 
from their own, into Civil Employments ; although, 
they mlTf be fbrce4 bj the Nature of their Govern- 
ment, to receive mercenary Troops of all Religions \ 

WHETHER "theD/^w/^j ever pretended until of 
late Years,, to deiire more than a bare Toleration ? 

Whether, if it be twe, what a forry Pamphleteer 
aflerteth, who lately writ for repealing the Teft^ that 
the Dlffenters in this Kingdom are equally numerous 
with the Churchmen ; it would not be a neceflary 
Point of Prudence, by all proper and lawfid Meant 
to prevent their further Increaie ? 

The great Argument given by thofe whom they 
call low Churchmen, to juHify the laree Tolerations 
allowed to Dijfinterj^ hath been ; that, hy fuch Indul- 
gences, the Rancour of thofe Sedaries would gradually 
wear off, many of them would come over to us, and 
their Parties in a Utde Time crumble. to nothing. 

^uery. If what the above Pamphleteer aflnteth, 
. that the Sectaries are in equal Numbers with Con- 
formifts, it doth not clearly follow, that thofe repeat- 
ed Tolerations, have operated direfUy contrary to 
what thofe low Church Politicians pretended to fore- 
fee and expe£l ? 

Whether any Clergyman, however dignified or 
difling'uiihed, if he think his own Profeilion xnoll a- 
greeablc to Holy Scripture, and the primitive Church, 
. can really wifli in his Heart, that all Sectaries (hoald 
be upon an «qual Foot with the Cl^urchmen, in the 
Point of Civil Power and Employments ? 

Whether Epifcopacy, which is held by the 
Ghurdi to be a Divine and Apoftolick Inftitution 


l>e 0Ot a fcin^mentalTdiirt of Religion, particularly 
in*that cflendalbne of conferring Holy Orders P 

"^Mretheu, by neceffary Confequenccs.^tlic fevc* 
ral^Sxp^dieuts among the Se6tariesto conftkute tbeir 
Teachers^ are not abfolktely null and v6id ? 

Whethsk the Se6Uries will ever agree to accept 
Ordination only from Biihopsi 

Whether the Bilhops suid Clergy will be content 
to giveup.Epilcopacy. as a Point indifferent^ without 
^lidch the Church am well fubfii): } 

Wtt ar H E R that gteat Tendernefs towards Se6laries, 

Svhich now (6 inu^ prevaileth, be chiefly owing to 

^he Fears of Pfl^«ry, or to that Spirit of Athcifni, 

'Deiixn, Scepticiun, aiid nniveHial Immorality^ which 

alt good Men fo much lament ? 

* ^^tkvrl^G'Fopefy to have many more Errors in 

B.di^on than,any one Branch of theSe^taries ; let us 

examine the Anions of both, as iiey have each af* 

fe^e4 theFeace of thefe Kingdoms,, with Allowance 

for Aie ihbrt'l'iine whidi the SeQaries had to a6l ii^, 

who are in at Alailner but tf Tefierday. The Pafifif 

in th^ Time of King ^^zm^j II. ufed all Endeavours 

to eftabliih ^eir Superuition j wherein they failed, by 

the united Power of £»^j^ Church Proteftants, wi& 

the Prince of Grangers Affiftance, But it cannot be 

ialTe^, Vhat^hefe higottcd P^Jfs had the JleaftDe- 

.^^ id' ddpbfe ot murder &eir King* much lefs to 

aboliAi kiaglj^ GoverBment $ nor was it their Inlereft 

*|orIncUAatipn to attempt either.' 

^.' thi the other Side, the Puritans, who/had almoft 

^from'the Be^xihing ofQ^enEiizabetJ(r*$ B^eign, been 

' ja perpetual Thorh in \he Church's Side, ^oiiung with 

the iS'fff/j Enthufialb, in the Time of King Charles h 

^V^.^e/priAtipalCaufe 6i x!tM IrifiRebelUoH and 

\^0fir\\ .^^^i^f^^g thatPri^ce^ and making h 
impoffible for' him tp'fo^ over timely Succours. 
And, 9fHr tbafrpioa^ t^rinoe bad iatis£ed his Parlia- 

' meiit in every fin^e Point to. be complained of, the 

iafhe Sectaries by poifoning the Minds and ^Jedions 

ef the People, with the moil falfe and wicked Re- 

VoL. IV. D d prefentadoAs 

jireleiitations of their Kin j^» were able in the Coxn^ 
of a few Yean to embroil the three ligations ma 
bloody Rebellion, at the Expexice of many thooiand 
Xives ; ' to turn the kingly Power into Anarchy ; or 
murder their Prince in the Face of the.World» and 
(in their own Style) to delboy the Chofch Roai and 

The Aocoant therefore ftandeth thns :' The Pi^ifls 
aimed at one pernicious ACt, which was to deftroy th^ 
'Protejfant Religion; wherein, by God^s Mercy, and 
the Affiftance of bur glooous King William^ they 
ab{51ute1y'£ailed. ' The 5!^4r/>j at'teropted the ^e 
moil infernal Anions, that coold poflibly enter into 
the. Hearts of Men, forfalceh by <jod i which were» 
the Murder oTa mdft pious £ii^, the DefbrifUon of 
'Our Monarchy, and the Extirjpation-^of the Church; 
and fucceeded' in them all. 

Upon which, I put the Jfollowing Quenes, Whe- 
ther' any of thofe Sedarieb' have ever yet, in a iblemn 
'pUblidcl'Manner, renounced any one of thofe Prio- 
i:iples upon which their PredeceiTors then.adled ? 

' Wh E TJi ER , coniidering the cruel Peifecatiohs of 
the Epifcopal Church, durinjgrvthe Courfe of that hor« 
tid Rebellion and (h^X^onieqvences of i^ optil the 
^hapmr ReftoratiMiis it not manifetl, that the 'per- 
iecutmg Spiiitlieth fo.jequally divided 1>etweeii the 
*P^^j and the Sectaries, ^hat aPeatli^' wooI4 ^lua 
.the falante on eithet Side*? ' ^ .* . . ' , 

Awn 1herefbrc,^a:Wy, Whether' iny I^crlQjiorc»m- 

jnoq Underllandine,' who profefleth himfelf a Member 

of the Church eftaciliihed, although, ^^rhaps, widi 

*litt!e inw«xl Regard to ^ny Religion (which is' too 

often the Cafe} if he loVeth the'Peace ahd'Welf^ of 

Jiis Countiy ; can, after cool Thinking, rejoice to fee 

a Power ;p]aced again in the Handd .of fo* reftl^ fo 

^mbitio|;u,'^fb:m:ertiIef&a'Fadi^^^ kiaapvbr iS 

:thdiktac Parts 'afecond'nmi'FJ .J 

Wh BT H^R the Candour of flh'aC ]E!ieprefiion, fo fine- 
-«Q4eut of .late in Sermons and Pambhlcts. of the 

queries; Sc: «3$ 

strength aiuTlfunJ^er of the ?2i^\9i% in Inland^ can her 
jiiftified } For as to their Namber, however mat, it 
is always iiiagniflediil.Prap.ortiQn t^the ZeS, orPo" 
litieksof'tkeSp^^kerandr Writer; but it is a groff 
Impofition. ^pon common lUaibn^ to terrify, os wxthr 
their Strength. 'ForPopery^ nnder the CircumfUncet. 
itlieth in this Kingdom ; althoagh it be offenfive, and 
mcoj^venient enough, from the.Confequences it hathf 
fo increafe the Rapine, Slt>th and Ignorance, as welt 
as Poverty of the.N^ves^ is not properly dangeroa» 
In that Senfb, as foma would have us take it ; becaafe 
it is unif crfally Hated by every Party of a different 
religiod Prdfeffion. It is th^ Contenmt of die Wife 5- 
THe'b^ftTopick for Claniours of aefignihg Men: 
But the teal Terror 6nly of Fools. The Iknded Ptf- 
^>^ Intereft in England far exc^dedi that among as,.. 
tevorin Proportion to the Wealth and Eoctent of each 
Kingdom. The little that femaineth here, is dailjr 
dropping into iVv/^/^wf/ Hands, by^Ptu^ha^ orDe«* 
fceht^ and th«t aife£ted Cbmplaint of connterfeifCon^' 
verts^ vrill fail ^ith the Caute of itin )ialf a Genera- 
tbn^ un&fs it be raifed. or kept altve,^ srs a. ccmtinnal 
I'und. of M^rit and Ek^oence.' The.PMfi^ are 
wholly . difarmed: , Tire^ have neither Courager- 
Leaders, Money, or Inclinations to rebel. They 
want every Advantage which they fbrmerly pofleiied^ 
to follow ^at Traded; and wh)erein,.even with thofe 
Advantage, thty always tnifcaiqed. They appear 
very eafy and fatisfi^ nfidct that Connivance which 
they enjoyed d^ng the^hole lafl Reign ; nor ever 
fcrupled* to rtpmach another Party, under* whidH^^ 
the/ pretend- to have faffetedTo^much Severity; 

Upon thefe Conild^rations I'muft confef^ to have- 
infpended much of my Pity towards the great'Dreaders 
of Popery; manf ofwhom appear to be hail, ftrong^ 
a^ive ypi^ngMen ;. who, asl am toM, eat, drinE, 
and ilee^ hedhily;. and are very ch^arfnl (as they- 
have exceeding g^)od Reaibn) upon all other Sabje6ts. 
However, I eannottbo much tommend the generous 
KiOscenT;, which our Neighbours and others, who^ 

304 ^U&RISS,^^. 

come from tke iame Nexekbovhood^ are, {q lini to 
cxprefs forusnpoB this'AccoQnt; althoa^^ the for- 
mer be fintJier removed from the J>8iig!er& t^Pcferj^. 
iy twenq Leagues of Salt-water : But this« 1 fear, is 
a Digrcffion. 

Wu£K an artificial Rep<^ was raTied here many 
Vears ago, of aa intended Invafioa Jbty tht$ Prtttttier^ 
(whkh blew over alter it bad done its Ofice) the 
Difenters argued in their Talk> imd in their Pam- 
phlets» ader Sits Manner, applying diemfelves to tbofe 
of the Cburch. Gepcle«ien, ix . tbe Fretjn^der bad 
landed, as the Law now fiandeth> , we duri^ifcot ^S& 
^ous and. therefore, ,unlefs you take .off t&e ^tft^ 
wbe&ever yoa (hall happen to be invaded ^ ia eameft^ 
if we are deiired to taKf jop ^^mp , 4n your tXefeoce^ 
our Anfwer fhall be. Fray Centlemeii' nghc yourown 
fiatde^i we will I7 by quWtlx i CQ^quer yoor Enemies 
by yovfffi^es, if you can i we will not dayosr jDhkI- 
^ery. This Way of Reafixiing I have heard fiom 
^Veral of theij: Chiefs ax^d^y^ettots i^ aa imadted 
Converfationsi ani /hav^ read it .^i •tweptjir. Pam? 
pUets : And* I am confident, it will be oQeral' again, 
if the Projea;^ih6uld' f^ to. taSae off Ac TM. . 

Upoh which PieoB ofiOrafory and! Aealbning t 
form the foHowing Query* Whether, in Cafe of aa 
Invafion from ^Pretender (which is not qnite fa 
pirobable as from the Grand SignUr) . the UiJUmim 
can, with Prudence and Safety, offer the fame Plea; 
except they ftatl'have made a previoas Stipolation 
with the Invaders } And, Whether the fiill Freedom, 
of dieir Relison an4 Trade, thdr.iives. Properties, 
Wives,, and Children, are not, and kkve not always 
i>een reckoned fufficieat; Motives for impelling Iniraii- 
ons, efpedally in oar Sedari^t. who call tl^inielves 
the trueft Proteftants^ by Virtue of their pretended or 
realFiercene(sagainAp9/ff7^ . . , 

Whether^ omitting or n^di^xig: to celebrate the 
l!>ay of the Martyrdom of me bleUed King, Ciuii'/tf 
I. eqjoiacd by k& of f^ament^.^an be jufily 

^ . reckoned 

^'U E R I E S^ &c. 30$: 

ftdconed a particular and diftlnguifiiing Mark of good ^ 
Affe€don to the jtrefentnOov^rnifieM/T 

Whether in thofe Churches where the faid Day 
is obferved, it will fully anfw^ the Inteiuof the (aid 
A6t ^ if^e ^ftMlertoUa)imnendyexciire^]^l]ate^ 
or extenuate the Murder of that Royal Martyr; and^ 
lay die Guilt of that horrid Rebellion, with all its 
Confe^uencesi thfibllqiwiig UTurpations, tfie entlrj^' 
Seftra^ioB of the ChorcH, the cruel and continual 
P^ecQtionsT>fthoie whoxould be difcovered to pro* - 
fefs its Doctrines, with the enfuisg Bak/ of F^nati- 
dim ; to the Account of that blefled King.; . who, by ^ 
granting the Petition of Right» and pafliag every Bill 
that comd be oiked for the Security of the Subjq£l«had, 
by the Confelfibn even of thbie wicked Men» before 
the War began, left them nothing more to demand ^ 

Whet hbr fueh aFreachler as Ihavejiamed [where- 
of there have been more than one, not many Years - 
pat^ even in the Prefence of Viceroys) who . takses« 
that CouHe aft« Meam for Promotion ; maymot be 
thought to Hep a little out of the common Road, in 
81'Monarchy wheve tiro Di^fondsms of that moft blef-^ - 
jied Martyr have reigned to this Day. 

I ground the Reafon of making thefe Coteries, oii^-^ 
die Title of tile Aa ; to ^vhich 1 refer the Reader... 




^ J 

« i. 

To the Hanoonblr 

Hoofe of Commons, &c, 

TTic Humble Petition t>f the Foot- 
men in and about the CITY (£ 

Writteo in the Tear 1732* 

THAT your Faithnen are a great and osiae- 
nnu ^ar/#(^, eaddwad witkieveffal Privilefes. 
Timeoutof Maad. . . 

Trat ceftab Uwd^ Uk^. and ^mkrfy Perffin^ 
for ieveral Months paft» as it is notorioiiily knowo^ 
fcaTe been daily ften m die publidL Walks of this Ci- 
ty, hahiied iometimes in Grten Coats^ and (bmctinae» 
lacedf with long OaUn Ciu/gels in their Hands^ and 
without Swords ; in hopes to procure Favour, by that 
Advantage, widi a great Number of Ladies who he-^ 

Sent diofe Walks ; pretending and givmg them- 
fes our to be trne genuine Irijb F»9tmnt. Whereas, 
dbcy can be proved to be no better than common 
Tttfus I as a jndidoos Eye may foon difcover, by. 
their mfiwdfrd^ chtmh^ m^tttl Gait and Behaviour i, 
by dieir Unlkiifolnefi in &^, even with the Ad van- 
tageofourHabi^; by thdr ill-favoured Coimte- 
nances ; with an Air ofJm^iidtMCi and Jhikifs pecn* 
liar to the reft of their Brethren ; who have not yet 
wrivecl at (hat tranfeendent Pitch of Aflnrance. Al- 
thought it may be juiUy apprehended, that they will 
doioanTiiBie^ if their Cmi«r#^/^^ 


flVATi th^^by. ux, lender mc^aftlvee moat, amfalc^ Itt 
th^ Ladtes; . , » .. i. ^ / 

. Youn Piiitiomers dajfiuthar alMge; tbatnati}^ci£ 
the faid CoiaavfiitSy upon a ifafsA Eiuuninatiov^ kavKto 
been found in the very A6I of ftmuing^ ftarh^^. 
fweanng^fijoaggering^ in aMannCr tliat plaijuy fhewm 
their beft Endeavours* to iaaitale na. Wkenan* al- 
though th^ did 90t fucccedf lyet by thtt ignozant 
and ungakily^ Way of copying our Gtaces, tbe ut^^ 
moft Indignity was endeavoi;ra tftbe caft upon our 
whole Profeflion. 

Your Peiitiomrs do therefore mak^ittbeir Jkomble 
RequeH, that this HonounAle Houfe (to many of 
whom your Petitioners are nearly dUiei) will pleafe 
to take d&is Grievance into your moft ierions Confix 
deration : Humbly fubmitdng, whetherlt would not 
be proper, that certain Officers mighty at tbe publick 
Charge, be employed to f^arch fi)r, and difcover alk 
fuchr&^/^i/ Footfnen, and carry them before die 
next Jufttce of Peace l by whofe Warrant, upon the 
firft Conviaibn, they (hall be fbripped of their Coats^ 
and Oahn Ornaments, and be (et two Hours in tlie 
Stocks. Upon the fecond Convi£Uon, besides ftrlp- 

Iing, i>e fet fix Hours in the Stocks^ wi(h a Pape» 
inned on their Breaft> fignifyingtkdr Crime» in lam 
Capital Letters, and in Sie^ following Words. J, B^ 
commonly called A. B. Bfq^ a Tot^e, and notorious 
imf9/$r, who piieibaDetibi to per&nate ztme Irijh Fodt^^ 

And for any furth^ Offtoce^ the £ud Twfet fliall 
be Committed to' ITnV^Snu^/C wJhipped three times,, 
fcrced tohaitl Labour for aMonfSi, and ndt to be fet 
at Liberty, untilbe fludlhave l^vtii fiificieBtSecari-^ 
ty fivhiagoodiBUiavibur. if T 

Yova HotnHtsjffSl pkirfb ift^ oUerver wtdi' whk 
Leaify wepK^oii totreal fiiefe^cBOimom OieiideKs,' 
whoiaVe akrady^ Uroiqdit fuck a. Scandal on our 
Hmm$irmiU(^hig, liuttlntnl wdUmeaning Pco^ 

tovy mtokca tw fQ be €f om trmnif iVf ^ pi*^ 

flnaikidii of A«i;-Cired^«iad l>ignk^^ wiii«rewkb wei 
]ftw#fiifMftod oor 8l!iit»in» m wedWj^».dkl, iii thc^ 
numfi •/Yimes* And we farther beg Leave tO'temarkr 
AattliUwis^'iiiaiHiUilf iobe^trilk ^fit^Hwi Defign, 
t» reader us lefs capabk of ienriiig tke^MVi in an/* 
great Bmployarantti'' a» ievtivl o§ tfavFrMitmiiy, at' 
welias>oiMLiMrAl«ri have dose. 
• *W« do diererore, InaU/ impiot««yoor Ihnettrt txy 
mc nqcei&sjrXMers for our R^Ikf, in this prefent* 
Eadgency, am -voor* i!!(iiWi(Vrr/' (ac iii' Doty b^^ 
ftaiieverpn^f^C^ . 

N. BV j/icui thi 7me thai this SpeHi'wfsnartinfr^i^ 
the To'wn imas' much fefiered au//i& .^Street-llobbers ;» 

] wh6> in a t'orhanuj Miuuter ^o^dfinx on Getttk* 
mefi, find iakejhemutnU remi^i Cirnerf, and nfittK 
ijft]^ had rQhbed,ihm^^nAtouifr^ leave them hound nK£ 
gagged. It is rtmartahlei fhat' tins Sfeoci' hnd/d 
good an Effedt that there have ieifn ^uer/^ipw Roh^ 
Tct^ef of that. Kind, cfmmttsd^^nce^. . 

f^bi Itjfi .$pi^scH 101^ :Dy im Words of 
Ebenezer Elliston, who was exeat-^ 
ted the Second Day of May, .1732. Pu- 
bliJ^daL-bi^ Tiefyeforjie common Good. 

I AM nowgoibffto faffer.tiie.juft^Bam9uneas:;fop 
'^mytiCnii^y^adaSbmkhYi^^^ God . ^d 

tp^f HtM^i :. i )kao«r>at iscthe; dnftaqt. iLvAaa^ 
HkfiX Aoh viihn^ os>iacSUx.3^'M\wat. .ihbidd..Kav9 
ipeeches nkadettar tiidm^ aaddGfaied about in thefr 
own Y^wo/fj^m- t)te{t:ai»cidiJBita RygCTmont-yndi 
' . .. trulf 

7&-, ^P$:?CJir ^, &e. se9 

V^y they amrfic^.^p«ec^(^ tk^t althoogb ow Prater-^ 
i^ityi^ ^n ijgno)[^t^itera||l^f9pIey ^c^ woi4<i make 

$Kvg;ed^ eif£i;;)yliea he is foitig to the Gal- 

lows^Ttpy f^mtajiv.api^^ ^ccpunt pf onrBi/rfh 
^nd F^iii^ffy, |^t4<?.Act £^^ wearctO'dies of 

ourfinic^re Jl^ep^taiice i^ an^ ^ I^eclaxatipn of oiut 
^e]i»Qn.. I caanot expe^ to^i^rcod ^e fame Tre^t 
roeiQt wuh my Fi^f^Cf ttorA. However, haying had 
an .^ucatioa^oixie^r two,|)egree^ better than, thofe ^ 
^i !M^K a^^^f^^l<^$pn>» I ^5^ beip co;ifidermg evef 
Aq^ my )C<uxiJfnftiiv^t9 ^wl^t; i| migh( be proper for 
me to Oliver |iw<^ this, dcj^ • , , 

-j.'^.^if ?{J§i cJ^ q^ftcf.fay4i»mr;theB9ttQm.ofvmy 
ftofl^ t%i,a|nririJ Ih<ii«t 

given tjoi God aiid the Worid'i bat lam veryrmodk 
to, for the bad Sueoeifs of^* my Villanie^ in fariligins 
me to.this 'qndmeiy.^Spd. ^or it Ja- plainly .«^ri4^ii% 
tf ^t^ter hj^KH^ te^ 9 F|rdo«s 

frdm the Crpwn^ ^^gfi^^^^pn^ o\i Tf^i^ mf 
evil Habits were p. rooted iiii ane^ 9^ lyir^igsovn 6 
unfit Ibr An)(|btK^ iUa^ Qf £pploypent« And tber^ 
iore^ fdth^ug^ oi M>iiipliam3 ^itliiP^ Friends, I 
Kfolv« to go to t^e Osdlpwa after the ^ifn^Mannef^ 
kneeling, with i^ Book in my ijaitdt .^<^ <ny Eyeil 
lift ujp'; yei I iball Keel no. more Devotioii in my 
Beart, than I h4ye^t>)>ferved iafqmeof my Comr^dei^ 
who have been^drunk^mpng 99fBo^mi Wbores^ the vef 
nr Night ;be|ore« their ^xecotioii. . I can fay furthei 
fiom my bwaKaqwle^ge, tbat^tK^ c^.my f^ter|iit|t 
after their kaa -^enhai^eda a«Ml wonderfullyicameto^ 
Life, and m94Q^eir Efcfnes,: as it Anne titi)e» happen^ 
Qth, pvpved, ai^rwards uie wickedeft Rogues I eves 
knew, and fo oontinoed nn^l tibey were hanged again 
fi>r good and aU ; and yet they bad the Impodentt 
ai both^Times Acj went t» the G^Uows, to imite^ 
their'Br^a^ and hft up their Syjss to Heaven aUitjM 
Way.... .. 

SEcoNDbT^ From the.Ki9tmledge X hvffi pf 9»|} 
mv^ wijckedi pifpofitkm a&4 ^k^ of my Comrades, 

•* r 

3rd f7iS?ttCVtf^ 

i me ie u my O^moki; tfitt rqodung <^n be mot^ 
si%rtttnate to tte PttbHefe/ diatn '{£ Mercy of the 
GoireiiimeiKineterpsU'donin|e.t»^tra6fp6^ an- 
lefi when we hticay one titiomer, atis we liercr fa^ to 
do» if we are (att toht weH i^id'r aUd tben aftr* 
don may do-good ; l3f thefam&Ruli^^ ^ifoHthhtar 
U^hav9butOfie Fvx in a Farm, thaii'7hrn'9rJA^» 
/But we generalhr mafeq a Shift-to-retnhr after bang 
Iranfpoited, and are ten times greater Rognesdiian be* 
fcre, and mnch more^ctinning. Bc^c^ I kxixm it 
by Experiente*/ th^t fome Hopes We' nave of Bnding 
liepc% fv^ien we x^ tried; Or alt^we are ceade^med; 
is always a great Encoiar a j je n i ent to^JR.! 
* TftiaDLY/Notbmgisinoit'd^n^eroa^tiiidleyoaqjr 

Fellows tiiiHi AeCpmpany of thofebcfioQacoinxnoit 
Whotei^we frequent, an^ of ^ndncb ^is Town is fiill« 
Thefe Wietchetr pat us npoii alllMtfBiief to feed tbd^ 
Lnfts and Extravagancies : Ihty 9xt ten times motfi 
Moody and erne! ^tifaa- Men \\ tne^ iidMc^ is alway^ 
)»ot to feare if we we&fiodfniiA ; tliey get 'drunk witk 
tts, and arecommontote liH-riutdyety iftbey can 
get any Thing by it» -are l(it« to'be onr Betc^rers. 

Now, as f aril a ^^^ ^^ ^Aumw 1 have 
done which- ms^ %e '6f good Ufe to tHe P^blick. t 
have left within hondl Man*(«n4indeed the only ho*. 
Heft Man I ever was acqnainted-\«^th)* toe Karnes of att 
my wicked BreAntn; th^ prefent,1[4aces'^ of thw A- 
bbde, with a Aoi« Ac6ptin« 6f tHfc clhi^FCriihes they 
have committed ; iniiiiiny Of WhJch^I'^&W bdfti their 
A^fecothpSke, and heM-d the reft froM theif'b^h Months : 
I have likewife kt dowft the Names of 'thdfe we caQ 
oor Setter^ <^ the'Wicked:H9ti(^\v^i[i^qttent9 - and 
of thofe who receive afhd buy onr Hollen ' u-oods. I 
have iblemnly ch&rged ^A^ honeft Man» and- have 
received his Promife. upon- Oath, thitt whenever he 
hoarethbC anyRogne «o be tried J^r'RolAAig; or 
HbiifUMVUfeing, he ^1 kK)k into hi^'IHa, -and iFhe 
finds the Name there of the Thief concerned, to iend 
dier Wliote Piper to tfaci Govemift^nt.' Of d^ I here 

ESEN^Z£R :EiL/^r0^r. jir 

op^&ey wilftafceit.- • ■ _ ., 
J^N .the fapw above i]entiaii<4fi wbic^ I left wjtk 
myPpend, I hare airo letdown the ^I^IMfqf^e^ral 
Gentlemen who have been Totb^din-ih^/if Street* 
for three Years paft : I hare toU the Circuiofiwiccs d 
thofe Robberies) and, (hewn plainly, that nothing bat 
the Want of cotnmoit, Courage was theOaufe of their 
^isfbrtuBCf. I have therefore defire^ iny- Friend, that 
y/heuevex any G^ht}em^^ happeneth. to be rqbtwd in 
the Streets, be'wiU get' thai Relat|oitpnnte4 and pn- 
>1ilhed with tbe iii^ Letters of thof^ G^tlemen* 
nuRCB,' who \>Y their own Want of Bravery are likely 
to be the Canre^ofall the-^iffhief of tbatKibd Whi^ 
may happen for the future, 
. i cannot leave the Wfuld without . a ^rt TX^ai- 

?tion of that ICind of Life, which I have If d ibr ^Ibnte 
earapaft; and js ejtafUy ;he lamf j^ith, the 
,00* wicked Breiren, .,■,.',., 

' AuTHOvoH wcan^geoeraliyJbcomipted fiotnour 
iChildhQodf ^ tohavenpScBfeofiGoodncIf i yecfomc- 
ihiiig heavy alwayishangethiabout us,;! know ool what 
it is, that v^t are never ealy uctiU we sre-balf drunk a- 
mong our Whores ai^d Comganionsi nor l|eep found, 
unlels we drink longer than w« can ftaod. If wc go 
^abroad in tb|} Day, a wifehlan w^uldaafilyjnd usto 
_be'R(H;ue(' by<our jt^acesjwe have:ib^ a fujjp^iouft 
'fearfoC and cgiiltrained <Countei>ance4 often tumii^ 
backi and Itinldng through 4ia:;row Laiiei and Allcyi. 
I have never failed of kpow'og a Brother Thief by Us 
Lbcda, although? never faw hin before. £vciy Man 
amt>ng lis, keepeth his particular' Whore, who is howe- 
ver tommon to us all.rthcn we have a Mind to change. 
.^Tienweha nMoney,weQi- 

videitesqualt i.aodbaiffq^- 

d^ita^ay' Eiojies that receive 

' Us j for ttej tlfcvfiylWer, 

' |6 Shacks i J treble Rcdvp- 

ings. If oar icii Rings, SnidF- 

'^b^'iiftlll uimaU<^aKa« 

,■,'.-:' , . . -.. . •f 

5n 7%# Speech #/• 

worth 1 5 Pounds fold to a FeUow'in ' Street 

lor 20 widlibgs ;' Mtd a Gbld Watch for 30. I have 
fet down his ^atne^^^hd ^at of federal others in the 
Paper akeady iheijfkmd. ' We hive Setters Watching 
in Comers, and ^f dead Walls, to give us Notice 
when a Gentleman 'eoeth b^ i^ e^cially if he be any 
thing in Drink. I belieTe in myConfcience, tbat if 
an Account were made of a'Thoufand Pounds in 
floHen Ooods ; coniidenn^ tHe loW Rat^ W< fell them 
«ti the Bribes we muft grve for Coticealment^ the Ex* 
tor tions of Ale^houfe Redconings, andotheif neceflaiy 
Charges; Hhere ^o^id fnbt remain Filiy ^Pounds dear 
to be divided among the RoU>ers. 'And out of this 
we muft find Cloaths for our Whores, befides treating 
lihem fWmi Morning' to Night ^ whx>,' in R;^uital re- 
ward xts widi nothing but Treachery^ and the Pox. 
¥or when o)ntr Moriey is ^ne^ tbey are every Moment 
threatning to inform againft us, if We will Aot go on 
^ look fbr mtrre. If anV diin^in this World be like 
Hell, as I have heardii! aeicri^ by oiur Clergy i tKe 
trutft Pifture of ft inuft be ih^the back Room of one 
t>f our Ale-lrauies at Mtdhight ; where a Crew of Rob- 
hcri and th^r Whores are met together after a Booty, 
and arebeginmlQgtorg^x>wdmi&{ fropi which llme» 
vntil ^inr &e tM$ dieir Senfes, in flfcll a continued 
hoiriUe Htiiii cTCdftng, BlaAfheniy;Lewefne(s; Scup 
Tiltty, and brutiSi^Beha^ar [ f&ch Rokring and Con- 
fufion, inch aClat^ bf Mi^s an^ f^ots at each othesTs 
Heads ; that t^fUiam^Jiii Comparifim, ^ is a fober and 
t>rderly Place : At i^ thky all ^ikt^e from thdr 
Stools and Benches, ^d fle^ away ihe reft. of die 
Nijg^t ; and ^neral^the Landlord or his Wife, -or 
' feme other Whore Who hsoh ailfcyiiger IJiead tham the 
veft, pitkr Aeir KKfkits ^ikitat ui^ waJee. . The 
• Mi^oitanie is; diat'w^ ciH^i^ ^,^Y ^ntQ we are 
tlnmk; and ourBiui$e£tfe4'i^tianay en^^ us 
' to hi ia6xt eaflfyibittS^ea ^d'tkkeRl, * '[ ^ 
'"'- This -is a'lWTB^ 

; Which istxtorerttt]fettbl^thAf'&id^<ff l9^^ La- 

'bourer who worketh for fburpence a-day« And yet 


Cuftom h fo ib:oi)g, that I am confident, if I could * 
make my Efcape at the Foot of the GaUows, I ihould 
be following the fame Courfe^this very Evening. So 
that, upoa 2ie wholly we ought ^*be looked upon as 
the common Enemies of Mankind; whofe Interefl it 
is taioof, us; out like Wotves and other mifchievdus 
Vermin, againftivhichno fair Play is required. 

ir i have done Service to Men in what I have faid, 
I ihall hope I have done Service to God ; and that 
will be better than-a filly Speech inade for me, full of 
WhiAing and Canting, which I utterly defpife, and 
have never been-ofed to ; yet fiich a one I ejtjppft^to 
have my Ear? tormented with, as I am paffing ^png 
the Streets. 

Good i^ple, ivivyCRi^lli httd Z9 Iiam, Ileave 
many worfe behind j|i6, I ha|)e yoa ihidl ite ime die,^ 
like ^a Mai^, the J>eatk of a Doz* 

Vol. IV. G g To- 


• V^: To the Reverend 
' Dr. SWIFT, D.S.P.D. 

With^ a Prefent of a Paper-book, fincJy 
bfeund, on his Birth-day, November 30, 

. By the Right Hon. John Earl of Orrery. 

TO thee, dear Swift, thefe fpotlefs leaves 
I fend J 
. Small is the prefent, but fincorethe fiiend. 
Think not fo poor a book below thy care. 
Who knows the price that thou canft make it 

Tho* tawdry now, and like TyrilhCs face, 
Thcf fpecioas front fhines out with borrowed 

grace : 
Tho' pafte-boards glittVing like a dnfePd coat, 
A ra/a tabula within denote ; 
Yet if a venal and corrupted age. 
And modem vices ihoold provoke thy rage r 
If warned once more by their impending fate, 
A finking country, and an injured (late, 
.Thy great afliflance fhould again demand, 
' And call forth reaibn to defend the land ; 
Then (hall we view thefe fheets with glad fur- 
. Infpir'd with thought, and fpeaking to our eyes: 
Each vacant fpace ifhall then, enriched, difpenfe 
. Tru9 force of eloquence, and nervous fenfe ; 

( 315 ) 

Inform the judgment^ animate the hearty 
And £cicred rules of policy impart. 
The fpangled coy'ri^g, bright with fplendid ore; 
Shall cheat the:figiht with empty ihow no more; 
But lead us inward to thofr golden mines^ ' 
Where all thy foul in native luftrc ihines. 
So, when the eye furvey? fome lovely fair, 
With bloom of beauty grac'd, with fhape and air. 
How is the rapture heightened when we flhd ; 
Her form excell'd by her celeftial mind. 

V E R S E S left with a Stiver Standlfh, oji 
the Dean of St. Patrick's Defk, on 
his Birth-day. 

By the Reverend Dr, Delany> 

HITHER from Mexico I came. 
To ferve a proud lernian dame^^ 
Was long fubmitted to her will» 
At length (he loft me at QuadriHe^ 
Thro' various (hapes I often pafs'd^ 
Still hoping to have reft at laft i 
AxA ftill ambitious to obtain 
Admituiice to the Patriot Dean. 
And fometimes got within his door» 
* But foon tum'd out to ferve the poor : 
Not ftrolling idlenefs to aid, 

* Allufmg to 500 r. thyear lent fy th Diau, 

twitbout Inimfti to tow Trade/mn^ 


( 3»6 J 

But honeft indoAiytdAca^r^d. 

At length aQj<&itiftip«rdu|5'd>iBPe, 

Aml^wro^g^t m tp Our Ovfe 70s See. 

Tbkjioiot, to f^M^I appV^-: 
** O /f^mwRf Ratify niypHd^ • • 
« Be it my fateto fei«tt a fege, 
*' The^yjcalfpft gemasoTjik ag« : 
^ That matcUdV {mfot sue foppty, 
« Whofc Kviog lines will never die.* 

I great jpour fuit, tfaerGod rcply^ 
And here he left me to tefide. 

f ' 

VERSjESwritlgrm Swnr. 

A Paper-book is fent by Boyee, 
Tao acady gdlt &r me to foil, 
Dblan Y fends a iilver Handifli^ 
When I no more a pen c^ brandi(H. 
Let both around my tomb be pWd« 
As trophies of a mnfe deceased : 
And let the frien^ lines they writ 
In praife of long departed wit. 
Be grav'd on either fide in columns. 
More to my praife than aU my volixmes : 
To burft with envy, fpite, icA 'rage> 
The Vandals at the pre&nt age. 

7h$ fnd rf tic Fma Vo^.