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O R K S 




E F A C E S, 


M K THE T W E N T y - T H I R D. 

L O N D O Ni 


'Mf, HtSAt-ttWI^, O. ItflC^Li LEiaH AT<J> 

J^jHOllllAVi Wi FOX|J.B0W£3l4 
lA Dec L;£XtX. 



M s 

O p 

J S o 







E 3 3 

TO / 



Dear Sir, 

I CANNOT wiih that any of my writings fhould 
laft longer than the mefnory of our friendfhip 
and, therefore, I thus publicly bequeath them to you, 
in return for the many valuable inilances of your 

That they may come to you with as little difad- 
vantagc as poifible, I have left the care of tHem to 
one*, whom, by the experience of fome ytars, I know 
well qualified to anfwer my intentions. He has al- 
ready the honour and happinefs of being under your 
proteftion j and, as he will very much ftand in need 
of it, I cannot wifh him better, than that he may 
continue to deferve the favour • and countenance of 
fuch a patron. 

I have no time to lay out in forming fuch compli- 
ments, as would but ill fuit that familiarity between 
us, which was once my greateft pleafure, and will be my 
greateft honour hereafter. Inftead of them, accept of my 
hearty wifhes, that the great reputation you have acquired 
fo early, may increafc more and more : and that you may 
long ferve your country with thofe excellent talent? , 
B 2 aid 

• Mr. TickelL 


and unblemiflicd integrity, which have fo powerfully 
recommended you to the mpft gracious and amiable 
Monarch that ever filled a throne* May the frank - 
nfls and generofity of your fpirit continue to foften 
and fubdue your, and gain you many friends, 
if poffible, as fincere as yourfelf. When you have 
found fuch, they cannot wifh you more true happi- 
nefs than I^ who am, with the greatefb zeal. 

Dear SIR, 

Your moft entirely affefHonate friend, 

and faithful obedient fervant, 

J«nc4i i7i»» J. ADDISON,, 

[ 5 ] 


B y 

TO MR. D R Y D E N. 

HOW long, great Poet, fhall thy facred lays 
Provoke our wonder, and tranfcend our pralfe } 
Can neither injuries of time, or age. 
Damp thy poetic heat, and quench thy rage ? 
Not fo thy Ovid in his exile wrote, 
Oriefchiird his "bread, and checked his rifing thoughts 
Penfive and fad, his drooping Mufe betrays 
The Roman genius in its laft decays. 

Prevailing warmth has ftiil thy mind pofl'eft, 
And fecond youth is kindled in thy breaft; 
Thou mak'ft the beauties of the Romans known. 
And England boafts of riches not her own ; 
Thy lines have heightenM Virgil's majefty. 
And Horace wonders at himfelf in thee. 
Thou teacheft Perfius to inform our ifle 
In fmoother numbers, and a clearer ftyle 5 
And Juvenal, inftru6ied in thy page. 
Edges his fatire, and improves his rage. 
Thy copy cads a fairer light on all. 
And ftill out-lhines the bright original. 

B 3 Now 


Now Ovid boafts th' advantage of thy fongy 
And tells his ftory in the Brjtifli tongue j 
Thy charming verfe, and fair tranflations, fliow 
How thy own laurel firft began to grow : 
How wild Lycaon, changed by angry gods. 
And frighted at himfelf, ranhowlingthroughthewoods. 

O may'ft thou ftill the noble taflc prolong. 
Nor age, nor ficknefs, itttcrmpt thy fong : 
Then may we wondering read, how human limbs 
Have waterM kingdoms, and diffolv'd in ftreams ; 
Of thofe rich fruits that on the fertile mold 
Turn'd yellow by degrees, and ripen'd into gold : 
How fome in feathers, or a ragged hide. 
Have liv'd a fecond life, and different natures try'd. 
Then will thy Ovid, thus transformed, reveal 
A nobler change than he himfelf can tell. 

Magd. College, Oxon. 

/unc *, 169 J. 
The Author's a^e z%» 


t ^ J 

A P O E M 

pr£sbnted to thb lord Iceeper. 

T O 



IF yet your thoughts are loofe from ftate affairs. 
Nor feel the burden of a kingdom^s cares j 
J£ yet your time and a6lions are your own ; 
Receive the prefent of a Mufe unknown : 
A Mufe that, in adventurous numbers, fings 
The rout of armies, and the fall of Kings, 
Britain advanced, and Europe's peace reftor'd. 
By Somers' counfels, and by Naflau's fvvord. 

To you, my Lord, thefe daring thoughts belong 
Who help'd to raife the fubjeft of my fong ; 
To you the hero of my veri'e reveals 
His great dcfigns, to you in council tells 
His inmoft thoughts, determining the doom 
Of towns unftorm'd, and battles yet to come. 
And well could you, in your immortal drains, 
Dcfcribe his condu6l, and reward his pains : 

B 4 Atten«! 

* Kin^ William. 


But, fince the ftafe has all your c?.res ingrofs/d. 
And poetry in hlg^her thoughts is lofl, 
Attend to what^a lefier Mule indites, 
pardon her faults, and countenance her flights. 
On you, my Lord, with anzions fear I wait. 
And from your judgement muft expcA my hxt^ 
Who, frtc from vulgar painonsy are above 
Degrading envy, or miiguided love j 
If you, well pleased, (hall fmile upon my lays. 
Secure of fame, my voice I '11 boldly raiic. 
For next to what you write, is what you praiie. 


T O 

t 9 ] 


WHEN now the bulinefs of the field is o'er, 
The tniinpets deep, and cannons ceafe to roar» 
When every difmal echo is decayed. 
And all the thunder of the battle laid 5 
Attend, aufpicious prince ; and let the Mufe 
In humble accents milder thoughts infufe. 

Others, in bold prophetic numbers fkilPd, 
Set thee in arms, and led thee to the field 5 
My Mufe expelling on the Britifh ftrand 
Waits thy return, and welcomes thee to land : 
She oft has feen thee preffing on the foe. 
When Europe was concern 'd in every blow ; 
But durft not in heroic ftrains rejoice j 
The trumpets, drums, and cannons drown'd, her voice ; 
She faw the Boyne run thick, with human gore. 
And floating corps lie beating on the fhore ; 
She faw thee climb the banks, but try'd in vain 
To trace her Hero through the dufty plain, 
When through the thick embattled lines he broke. 
Now plung'd amidft the foes, now loft in clouds of fmoke. 
O that fome Mufe, renown'd for lofty verfe, 
, In daring numbers would thy toils rehearfe ! 
I Draw thee belovM in peace, and fear'd in wars, 
Inur'd to noon-day fweats, and mid-night cares 1 
But ftill the God -like man, by fome hard fate, 
Receives the glory of his toils too late 3 



Too late the verfe the mighty a6l fucceeds, 
One age the hero, one the poet breeds, 

A thoufand years in full fuccelTion ran. 
Ere Virgil raised his voice, and fung the man 
Who, driven by ftrefs of fate, fuch dangers b^rc 
On ftormy Teas, and a difaftrous fhore. 
Before he fettled in the promisM earth, 
And gave the empire of the world its birth. 

Troy long had found the Grecians bold and fierce^ 
Ere Homer nmfter'd up their troops in verfe 5 
Long had Achilles quellM the Trajans' luft. 
And laid the labour of the gods in duft. 
Before the towering Mufe began her flight. 
And drew the hero raging in the fight, 
EngagM in tented fields and rolling floods, 
Or (laughtering mortals, or a match for gods. 

And here, perhaps, by fate's unerring doom'. 
Some mighty bard lies hid in years to come. 
That ftiall in William's god-like afts engage. 
And with his battles warm a future age, 
Hibernian fields fliall here thy conquers fliow. 
And Boyne be fung, when it has ceas'd to flow 5 
Here Gallic labours fliall advance thy fame. 
And here Senefie fhall wear another name. 
Our late pofterity, with ftcret dread. 
Shall view thy battles, and with pleafure read 
How, in the bloody field too near advanced. 
The gailtlefs bullet on thy flioulder glancM. 

The race of Naflau was by Heaven defign'd 
To curb the proud oppreflbrs of mankind. 

+ To 


To bind the tyrants of the earth with laws^ 

And fight in every injured nation's caufe^ 

The world's great patriots j they for juftice call j 

Andy as they favour, kingdoms rife or fall. 

Our Britiih youth, unuS'd to rough alarms, 

Carelefs of fame, and negligent of arms. 

Had long forgot to meditate the foe. 

And heard unwarm -d the martial trumpet blow ; 

But now infpir*d by thee, with fre(h delight. 

Their fwords they brandiOi, and require the fight. 

Renew their ancient conquefts on the main. 

And aft. their fathers' triumphs o'er again ; 

Fir'd, when they hear how Agincourt was ftrow'd 

With Gallic corps, and CrefTi fwam in blood, 

'With eager warmth they fight, ambitious all 

Who firft fhall ilorm the breach, or mount the wall* 

In vain the dironging enemy by force 

Would clear the ramparts, and repel their courfe j 

They break through all, for William leads the way^ 

W^here fires rage moft, and loudeft engines play. 

Namur's late terrors and deftruftion fhow. 

What William, warraM with jufl revenge, can do i 

Where once a thoufand turrets rais'd on high 

Their gilded fpires, and glitter'd in the iky. 

An undiftinguifh'd heap of dull is found. 

And all the pile lies fmoking on the ground. 

His toils, for no ignoble ends defign'd. 
Promote the common welfare of mankind ; 
No wild ambition moves, but Europe's fears. 
The cries of orphans, and the widow's tears : 



Opprcft RcHgJon gives the firft alarm$. 
And injui'd JuHIce fets him in lus arms ; 
Hi$ conqvieib freedom to the world afford, 
Anti nations bleTs tlie Jtibours of his isvord. 

Tims whm the forming Mufe would copy forth 
A pL-rfefl pattern of heioic worth, 
She fets a man triumphant in the field, 
0>r ghrtH cloven dawn, and jnonfters kiU'd, 
Ktekin^^ in bloody and iVncar'd with duft and fwcat, 
Wliilft angry gods conlpirc to m:ike him great. 

Thy nayy rides on feas before unpreftj 
And drikcs a terror through the hauglity Eall ; 
Algiers and Tunis from their fultry iliore 
With horror hear the Britilh engines roar, 
Fain from the neighbonnng dangers would they ruiij 
And wifh themfelves ftill nearer to the fon^ 
The Gallic fhtps are in thetr ports confined, 
BL'ny*d the common ufe of fta and wind, 
I^ or dare again the Britifh flrength engage , 
Still they remember that deftro5live mge 
Which lately made their trembling hoft retircj 
SiumiM With the noife, and wrapt in fmokc and firej 
The waves with wide unn umber d wrecks were ftrow'd, 
And plankSj and arms, and men, promifcnoiis flowed* 

Spain's numerous fltet, that periHi'd on our coaft, 
i fcarec a loiiger line of battle bo^ft j 

be winds could hardly drive them to theii fate, 
[ Aiid all the ocean laboured with tfe weight. 

WhereJe^r the waves in reftlefs errors rgll, 
riae fesL lira open now to eMier pub t 


Now may we fafely ufe the northern gales. 
And in the polar circle fpread our fails : 
Or, deep in fouthem climes, fecure from wars. 
New lands explore, and fail by other ftars ; 
Fetch uncontrolM each labour of the fun. 
And make the product of the world our own. 

At length, proud prince, ambitious Lewis, ceafe 
To plague mankind, and trouble Euiope's peace j 
Think on the ftruftures which thy pride has rasM, 
On towns unpeopled, and on fields laid wafte ; 
Think on the heaps of corps and ftreams of blood,. 
On every guilty plain and purple flood. 
Thy arms have made ; and ceafe an impious war. 
Nor wafte the lives intrufted to thy care. 
Or, if no milder thought can calm thy mindj, 
Behold the great avenger of mankind. 
See mighty Nailau through the battle xidCf 
And fee thy fubje^ls gafping by his fide : 
Fain would the pious prince refufe th' alarm. 
Fain would he check the fury of his arm j 
But, when thy cruelties his thoughts' engage. 
The hero kindles with becoming rage, / 

Then countries ftorn, and captives unreftorM, 
Give ftrength to every blow, and edge his fword. 
Behold with what refiftlefs force he falls 
On towns befiegM, and thunders at thy walls I 
Afk Villeroy, (for Villeroy beheld 
The town furrender'd, and the treaty fealM) 
With what amazing ftrength the forts were won, 
Whilft the whole power of France ftood looking on. 



B«t flap not here = behold where Bes^tdcy ftand^ , 
And cxrcutes hb injiir^d Kmg's commttnd$ i 
Armttad thj coaft his barftmg bombi be p<rars 
On Bammg dtulekj md falUng towers ^ 
With hifling ftreams of ire the lir they fb-eak. 
And hurl dcftru£lion round them where they breaks 
The flcies with long afcending flames are brighc. 
And ill the lea refiefts a quivering light. 

Thus ^tua, whfin in fierce erupii^^ns broke, 
FjHb heaven with afhes, and the earth with imokn t 
Here cragi of broken rocks are twirJ'd on hlg-h. 
Here mohen ftone* and fcatter'd cind<arA fly : 
Its ftiry reaches the rtimotefl! coail. 
And ftrow^ the Afiatic ihon with dtift* 

Now does tUe failor frt>m the neighbouring main 
Look, after Gallic towns and foits in v^n j 
l4o more his wonted marks he can dtfcry. 
But fees a long wnmcafurM rnin lie j 
Whilft, pointinij to the nakctl coaft, he fttows 
Hifl wondering mates where towns and ftet-ples roff, 
Whcit crowded citizen^ he lately viewed. 
And fiuglcs out the place where once St. Maloes fto^ 

Here RuiFcl's anions ilmuld my Mufe require | 
And, wmuld my rtrength but fccond my dcfircj 
I ^d all hh boundlefs bratt^ry rehear fc, 
And dravr hi a cannon a thundering in my verft ; 
High on the ilcck fhould the great leader Hand, 
Wrath trt his look, and lis^htnin^ in hts hand ; 
Like Homer's Hedtor \vhi;n he itung his fire 
A»nidlt a tho«faftd flnps, and mad^ nil Git«c rettir* 

TO THE K IN^G. 15 

But who ca» roB the Bntiik triunif>hs o'er,. 
And count the fl^unes difperft mi etf^r^ ihore f 
Who can defciibe the kattcv^d vi^xMy, 
And draw the reader on isoJtn Iba to fea ? 
Elfe wha could Ormondes God-Uke a^s refufe^ 
Ormond the theme of every Oxford Mufe ? 
Fain would I here his mighty worth proclaim^ 
Attend hin> in the noble chace of fame. 
Through aU the noiie and hurry of the fight. 
Obferve each blow^ and keep hin^ ftill in fight* 
Ohy did our Britifb peers thus court renown, 
And grace the coats their gpreat fore-fathers won*! 
Our arms would then triumphantly advance, 
Nor Henry be the laflf that conquered France* 
What might not Enghnd hope, if fueh abroad 
Purchased their country''s honour with their blood t 
When fuch, detained at home, fupport our ftate 
In William's ftead, and bear a kingdom's weighty 
The fchemes of Gallic policy overthrow. 
And blaft the counfels of the common foe i 
Direft our armies, and diftribute right. 
And render our Maria's lofs more light. 
But flop, my Mufe, th' ungrateful found forbear^ 
Maria's name flill wounds each Britifh ear : 
Each Britifh heart Maria flill does wound. 
And tears burfl out unbidden at the found ; 
Maria flill our rifirtg mirth deflroys. 
Darkens our triumphs, and forbids our joys. 

But fee, at length, the Britifh fhips appear! 
Our Naffau comes I and as his fleet draws near^ 



The rifing mafts advance, the fails grow white. 
And all his pompous navy floats in fight. 
Come, mighty Prince, deiir'd of Britain, come ! 
May Heaven's propitious gales attend thee home ! 
Come, and let longing crowds behold that look. 
Which fuch confufion and amazement Struck 
Through Gallic hofts : but, oh ! let us defcry 
Mirth in thy brow, and pleafure in thine eye ; 
Let nothing dreadful in thy face be found. 
But for a while forget the trumpet's found ; 
Well-pleas'd, thy people's loyalty approve. 
Accept their duty, and enjoy their love. 
For as, when lately mov'd with fierce delight. 
You plung'd amidft the tumult of the fight. 
Whole heaps of death encompafs'd you around. 
And fteeds o'er-tumM lay foaming on the ground ; 
So crown'd with laurels now, where-e'cr you go. 
Around you blooming joys and peaceful bleflings flow. 

A T R A N S L A Tl O N 




ETbereal fweets fliall next my Mufe engage^ 
Ahd this, Maecenas, (claims your, patronage. 

'Of little creatures vi^ndrous a6ls I treat, .^ 

The ranks atfd mighty leajders of their ftaU, I 

Their laws, employments, and their wars relate. ^ 
A trifling th^me provokes my humBIe lays : 
Trifling the theme, not fo the poet's, praife. 
If great Apollo and the tuneful Nine 

. Join in the. piece, and make the work divine. 
Firft, for your bees a proper ftation find. 
That 's fencM about and ftielterM from the wind ; 
For winds divert them in their flight, and drive 
The iwarms, when loaden homeward, from their hive. 
Nor fhecp, nor goats, muft pafture near their ftores. 
To trample under foot the fpringing flowers j 
J^orfriflcing heifers bound about the place, 
To fpurn the dew-drops off, and bruife therifmg grafs : 
Nor muft the lizard's painted brood appear. 
Nor wood -pecks, nor the fwallow harbour near. 
They wafte the fwarms. and as they fly along 
Convey the tender moncls to their young, 

C Let 


ir fov^ kd ^ ikdr princrs^ fliun 
i km» «i %tft It IB ^ Iba, 

peil a coot letrot. 

[ facid^ it o'er wttb Acmes , 
Ylie^i«^ kcME^ er ibdikti liUfti of wind, 



f times th* inditftriotis iofe£Vs live 
'*^w rocks, or make a tree their hive. 

Out let 

I im ay ti^^jj. ^^^jnj^y lo^Jgi^gg round with mudp 

'■*avt$ juujt thinly on your work be ifarow'd j 
'^ ^0 baleful yew-tree flouriiii near, ^ 

^^ i*^*^^ marJbes ftfnd mit fteain$ of mirci ^ 

Vo|. j^^.^'"gcnibs g^row red, and cr^ickte in t^ie fire e . 
^*^ ecK^ ^^^^'^^ caves retum the dying foutid* 
' ^^*^st>. ^\^^ ^^^* •*« doubled voice rebound* 

?i?^ ^^*n **'^^^^-^'*>i 1<J i^ Ht*d with cdd and night, 1 
i&Jl*^^^^ *h ^ ^^^^ defcends io flit ams of light, V 

' ^>H^ ^^ gb wood sand f orefts take theii' fl igh^ J 
^ryit^n^*^ iowct, aud lightly flcim 
'Z^*** j|^ ^*^ok, and fin the running (hieam ; 
1^^*=^^ f r^ '^ed their young with ilrange delight, 

j^ ^ ^'^^Idj n^ wax» and work Ui« ilinsy fw«t»l 

^•^^/.. -^^•^ f 





Let pudlng flreams, and fountains edgM with mofs, 
And (hallow rills, run trickling through the grafs; 
Let bi rtcKIngl olives o'er the fountain grow. 
Or palms fhoot up, and fhade the ftieams below; 
That when the youth, led by their princes, ihun 
The crowded hive, and fport it in the fun, 
I^fifrdKi«g3rpHngs may tempt them from the- heat, 
And (hady coverts yield a cool retreat. 

Whether thfe ridghbouring- water ftande or runs, 
Lay twigs acrofs, and bridge it o'er with ftones ; 
That if rough ftorms, or fudden blafts of wind. 
Should dip, or fcatter thofe that lag behind. 
Here they may fettle on the friendly ftone. 
And dry thfcir reeking pinions at the fun. 
Plant all the flowery banks with lavender. 
With ftoi-e of favory fcent the fragrant air. 
Let running bttony the field o'erfpread, 
And fountains foke the violet's dewy bed. 

Though bai'ks or plaited willows make your hive, 
A narrow inlet to their cells contrive ; 
For colds congeic and freeze the liquors up. 
And, melted down with heat, the waxen buildings drop: 
The bees, of both extremes alike afraid. 
Their wax around the wl>iftling crannies fpread. 
And fuck out clammy dews from herbs and flowers. 
To fraear the chinks, and plaifter up the pores : 
For this they hoard up glcw, whofe clinging drops* 
Like pitch, or birdlime, hang in flringy ropes. 
They oft, 'tis faid, in dark retirements dwell, 
And work in fubterraneous cave| their cell ; 




At other times th* induftrious infe^h live 
In hollow rocks, or make a tree their hive. 

Point all their chinky lodgings round with mud. 
And leaves muft thinly on your work be ftrowM j 
But let no baleful yew-tree flouhih near, 'y 

Nor rotten marfhes fend out fteams of mire; V> 

"Nor burning crabs grow red, and crackle in ^e fire « 3 " 
Nor neighbouring caves return the dying founds 
Nor echoing rocks the doubled voice rebound. 
Things thus prepared 

When th^ under- world is feizM with cold and night, ' 
And fummer here defcends in {bieams of light, 
The bees through woods and forefts take their flight. 
They rifle every flower, and lightly Ikim 
Thy cryftal brook, and fip the running flream : 
And thus they feed their young with ftrangc delight. 
And knead the yielding wax, and work thi;flimy fweet» 
But when on high you fee the bees repair, 
Borne -on the wind, through diftant tra^s < 
And view the winged cloud all blackening fr< 
While ftiady coverts and freih fteams they chufe. 
Milfoil and common honey-fucklcs bruife, 
And fprinkle on their hives the fragrant juice. 
On brazen vcfTels beat a tinkling found. 
And fliake the cymbals of the goddefs round j 
Then all will hadily retreat, and fill 
The warm refounding hollow of their cell. 

If once two rival kings their right debate, 
And fa6lions and cabals embroil the ftate, 
The people's af^Lions wi]^ their thoughts declare ; 
All their hearts iiemble, and beat thick with war; 

C 2 Hoarfc 


*,«..«^ .,veet» 

\ of air, V 
from afar j J 


sia AD;DISt)N?S .POEMS. i 

Hoirfc broken founds, like trampet^s harfh aWrms, 

Kun through the Kive, and call them to their anns.^ 

All in a hurry fpread their ihivering wiags, 

And fit their claws> and point their angry ftings : 

In crowds before, the Jcing^s pavilion naeet. 

And boldly challenge out tbe>foe to light ; 

At laft, when all the heavens'*are warm and fair, ' 

They ruih together out, and join 5 the air .^ 

Swarms thick, and echoes with the humming «irar. . 

All in a firm round ciufter mix, and ftrow 

With heaps of little corps the earth below 5 

As^thick as hail-ilones from theWloor rebound. 

Or (haken ac«irns rattle on the ground. 

No fenfe of danger can their- kings control. 

Their little bodies lodge a mighty -foul : * 

Eachobftinate in^lirms purfnes his blow, 

TiH ihameful ^ght fccures the routed foe. 

This hot difpute and all this mighty fray 

A little duft flung upward will allay. 

But when both kings are fettled jn their hive, 
Mark him who looks the worft, and left he live 
Idle at home in eafe and luxury. 
The lazy noonarch muft be doomed to Vlie ; 
So let the royal infcB^ rule alone. 
And reign without a rival in his throne. 

The kings are different : one of better note. 
All fpeckt with gold, and many a ihining fpot, 
Xooks gay, acd gliftens in a gilded coat j 
But love of eafe, and floth in one prevails. 
That icacce his hanging paunch behind him trails : 



VIRGTL, GEORG.jy. . %t 

The people's looks are different as their kings j * 
Some fpsrkle bright, and glitter in their wings j 
Others look loathfom and difeasM with floth, , "7 

Like a faint traveller whoie dufty mouth . * ^ 

Grows dry with heat, and fpits a maukifli froth.- J' 

The fird are. bcft ♦ 

From their overflowing combs^ you'll often prefs 
Pure lufcious fweets that mingling in the gials 
Correft the^ harlhnefs of the racy juice. 
And a rich flavour througl^ the wine diffufb. 
But when they fport abroad, and rove from home. 
And leave the cooling hive, and quit th'' unftnilhM comb j . 
Their airy rarablings are with eafe confined. 
Clip their king's wings, and if they iby behind : 
Ko ^Id uiurper dare» invade their rifbt, $ 

* Nor found a march, nor give the fign ^r flight; 
Let flowery banks entice them to their eells^ 
And gardens all perfum'd wiih native fmelkj. 
Whefe carv'd Priaj^is has his fix'd abode. 
The robber's %ror, and "the fcare-crow god. 
Wild thyque and pine-trees from their barren hill 

^.Tranfplant, anilnurfe them in the neighbouring foil- 
Set fruit-trees round, nor e'er indulge thy floth, 
But witter them, ainl'in*ge their fhady gro^th^ 
And here, perhaps, were not I giving o'er. 
And flriking fail, and making to the fliore, 
I'd fhew what aft the gardener's toils require, . 
Why rofy Paeftum blufhes twice a year : 
What ftreams the verdant fuccory fupply. 
And how the thirfty plant drinks rivers dry j .. 

C 3 What 


Whnt with a chMrfoI grten does porily gncr, 

Ari<l wttUwA the hcllytng cucumber along the twiited 

gr«ft > 
Nftr v/ou)<f f puti the fofc acanthus o*er, 
f vy nor myrtle-tr^reti that love the fliore ; 
N(,f <l'40'oiUUf flut lutf; froA-eflrth^s flow womb 
Unt itm)9le their (Woln t^mU^and (how their yellowblooou 

Vf}r <mce I fnw in the Tarentine vale. 
Whir*' iUfW (Jttlcfii* «lr«nclit the wafhy foil. 
An M ildtyc'tun yrotnan, who had got 
A I'pw itr{(lr^tr<l HcrtH to hin lot, 
WhriT nriihfr torn nor juifhtrc gracM the field, 
Nni wotilil the vnio her pnrplc harvcft yield ; 
Itiii Uvtiry hcthK umoiix thcthoriu were fou#d, 
Vilfrtin find |Hi||)y (lowrri hit garden crown'd, 
And dhHipini^liiirN wlutctrd all tlic f|found. 
Mirll With thrir lirhrn he rould empires (light. 
And whrtt ho wiWd tVoui lii» toiU at ni^^ht, 
'lUv pMitt) un)nniiu*t'il itainiicB v^^uld aflbrd, ^ 
And \\\% iiwn p/udcn lurnilh out nis l^inl : 
'llu' t)Minpj did 4itli hiH opcmng rofc^ blow, " 
K«Hl lipfMunH; nutuinn bent hiH fruitful bough. "^ • 
Whrn |Mrr» iHK ioldn had burft the brittle Uone, 
And fitvfyig rivcrH ItiUVu'd us t^cy run, | 
\\\ thru would prtinc the tcndcixil ot" his trees, 
riuilr thr lUif t|ainjr, and lingering wdK'rn»hi'eczc: 
U«^ brm lint Iwunu'd, uu<l uuulc lii$^cfi'cU foam 
Wiib lUc \W\\ IvjUti vinjjv)!' the juicy comb. 
II. I lin\l*»iM i\\u\ tlic l-ppv pine incrcas'di * 

III \y\ V lirn i-:.iv llowcu iu)> imiliri;; orchuJ dicft, 




As many bloflbms as the fpring could ihow, 

So many dangling apples mcllowM on the bough. * 

In rows his elms and knotty pear-trees bloom; 

And thorns ennobled now to bear a plumb, ' ' 

And fpreading plane-trees, where fupinely laid 

He now enjoys the cool, and quaiTs beneath the ihadft* 

But theic for want of rodfn I mull omi^ 

And leave for future poets to recite. ^, 

Now I '11 proceed their natures to declare,. 
Which Jove himfelf did on the bees coiiferj- 4^ 
Becaufe, invited by the timbrers founds ^ 

Lodg'd in a cave th' srtmighty babe they found, > 
And the young god nurft kindly under-gt6uftd, t 

Of all the wing'd inhabitlldts of air, 
Thefe only make their yOtihg the public care 5 
In well-difpos'd fccieties they live, % ^ 4 

^And laws^ ancTilatutes regulate their hipre 5 
Nor ftray, like others, unconfin'd abroad. 
But know fet 'ftations, and a fix'd abode. 
Each provident of cold in fummer flies •% 

TJirough fielc^, ana wopds, to feek for-<ie\v fupplies, J. 
And in the common ftock unladts his thighs. 3 

Some watch thff food, Tome in the meadows ply, 
Tafte every bud, and fuck each blolTom dry j 
Whilft others, labowring in their cells at fecme. 
Temper N.arciflus' clammy tears with gum. 
For the tirft ground-work of the golden comb ; 
Oa this they fcmnd their waxen works, and raife 
The yellow fabrick on its glewy bale. 
Some educate the young, or hatch the {^cd 
With vital warmth, and future nations breed j 

C 4 Whilft 


Whilft others tliicken all the fliroy dews. 

And into puxeft honey work the juice -, . 

Then fili the hollows of the comb) and (well 

With lut'cious ne^lar every flowing cell. 

By turns they watch, by turns with curious eyes "7 

Survey the heavens^ and fearch the clouded (kies ^* 

To find outbrfc^ing ftorms, and tell whattempeftsrifci. '^''' 

3y tuni^ they eafe the leaden fwarms, or drive 

The drone, a lazy infeft, from their hive. 

The work is warmly ply'd through all the cells. 

And ftrong with thyroe ^Jie new-made honey fmells. 

So in their caves the»brawny Cyclops fweat, n . 

When with huge ftrokerf"tlke (lubbom wedge they beat, >• 
And all th' unftapen thunder-bolt compleat j -3 ■ 

Alternately their hammers j^e and fall j 
Wl^il griping tongs turn round the glowing ball* 
With puffing t^owsfognc the flames increafe. 
And fome in waters dip the hifling mafs ; 
Their ^eaten an^vils dreadfully reijpund,- 
Anrl -^-tn.-i^fliakes all o'er, and thuaitlers under ground. 

'Ufcus,^t things we may with finall compare, . 
The btffy fwarms their different labours (hare. 
Dcfire of profit urges, all negrees 5 • 
The aged infefts, by experied^ e wife, . ** v 

Attend the comb, and- faihioiitvejy part, %* ■< > 

And ftiape the waxeii fret- work out witWart:* . *^ 
The young' at night, returning Irom their toHs, 
Bring home their thighs clog'd with thejncadows fpbils. 
On lavender and faftVon-buds they feed, ' 

On bending ofiers, and the. balmy reed s . • '^ 

. • From 


V I R G TLy G E O R G. IV. 2$ 

f^ranv purple violets and the teile they bring 
Their gathered fweets, and rifle all the fpring. 

All work together, all together reft. 
The mormng ftilLrenews their labours^paft $ 
Then all ni(h out, their "Si fterent taflcs purfue, ' 
Sit on the bloons ^d fuck the ripening d^w ; 
Again when evening warns them to thciirhome, . 
With weary. wings, and heavy thighs they come, 
And crowd about the chink, and mix a drowfy hum, 
Into their cells at length they gently creep, * ^ 

There all the night their peaceJhl ftation keep^ v 

Wrapt up in fllence, and diflblv^ in deep, .. j 

None range abroad wlen winds and ftormS «re nigh,^ 
Nor tnift their bodies to a ftithlefs iky, ^ ; 
But make fmall'joumeys, with a careful %um^, ^ 
And iiy to water at a neighbouring fprme 5 * 

And, left their airy bodies ftiould be caft 
In reftlefi whirls, the fport of evQy blaft, ^ 
They carry ftones tci ^ife them in their fiigWt, ^ « 
As ballaft keeps th' umfteady veflcl right. J^ 

•^ •« But of allciiKloms that the bees can'l)oa(t,j, I 
'Tis^his raay*chaUenge admii^iof moft j 
Tl^at none»wiH*Hjiiraen's f^fter joy« approve, 
Kot wafte their foiritf in 4xurious lov?, 
v^jBjit all a loif ^rgmffy mainnuMj ^ 

And bi^^ forth young without a ^Qth^^s pain. 

f From herbs andjAowers tSey p^ck each tender bee,. 

,^ And cull from plajjts a buzzing progtny^ * 
Erom ^fe they choole out ^je6ls, aniiycreate 
A little.monarch of the riling ftate j 

%tf . • Then. 



Then build wax Idngdoms for the infant prince, 
An'd form a palace for his refidence. 

But often in their journeys, as they fly. 
On flints they .tear their fUkgi wings, or lie 
Grovfling beneath their QoWtiy load, and die* 
Thus love cf honey can an infeft fii^> 
And in a flj^fuch generous thoughts infpire. 
Vet #y repeopling their decaying ftate, 
/though feven (hort fprings conclude their vital date^ 
Their ancient ftocks eternally remain. 
And m an endlefs rac^ their childrens children reign. 

JNo proftrate vaflaf of the Eaft can more 
With flav^iH fear his mighty Prfhce adore ; 
Tljs life unLnftthem all; but when he dies, •, 
All in llfu(^tumults and ftiflra^lionslpife i 
jmcy w™e t%IriJioney,^and their combs deface. 
And wiW cdnfcifloii reigns in every place. 
Him all ^dmiie, all the great guardian ©wn, 
Ap<tt:rowd aSout his courts, inii buzz aboi|t his throne* 
Ojt on their bacKs their weary prince they bear, 
Oft ill his caufe embattled inAe air, ** 

hey bear, ^ 

' J i - 

d waiT ^ i^ 

Purfue s^gjorious dfiati in. wo^jncls and ^ ^_ 

Some f^om liSch^nftances a^ thtf^ h|Kre #iught, 1 

'* The bees ei^raft is heavfeilyf^ for the]^ thought * 
** The univerfe ^Ijve^ And thafta^oul^^ * %ij/ " 

** Dittu% d^lHVougitout tlie mgtter of the w)^)t, 
<< To all the va^ unbpundetl frame ^as given, 
'< And ran thvbugh earth', and |i^, and fSa, and ^1^ 

'l^Jie deep of ^"aven; ** • • 

<* That this firil kindled life in -man an J beaij, 
«< Life that again fl©ws,into 'this at^ft. 

V " That 




*' That no compotindcd animal could die; 

'* But when diflblvM, the fpirit mounted high, 

" Dwelt in a ftar, and fettled in the iky." 

When-e'er their balmy Tweets you mean to fcize. 
And take the liquid labours of the bees. 
Spurt draughts of water from your moutl;, and drive 
A lothfome cloud of fmoke amidft their Dive. 

Xwice in the year their flowery toils begin,. ^ 

And twice they fetch their dewy harveft iiJ ; 
OAce when the lovely Pleiades arife, ^ 

And add frefh luftre to the fummer ikies : 
And once yrhen hailcning from {l;e wa^tery {igor 
They quit their ilation, and forbear to fhfhe. 

Th^bees are prone. <to r^ge, and oftetffbui^ 
To perifh for re*nge, and-aie upon the woimd. 
Their venom'd iting produces aking paJUs, * 

Hft.nd' fwells the fleih, and ihoots anjong'fche ♦tin's. 

When firft a cold hard winter's ftoAns^rrive, 
And threaftn death oi* famine to their hiv£, j 

If now their linking ftate and lov/ aftairs 
Cah mcve youi^pity, afld provoke your cares, 
Frefh' burningHthyme before thiur c^ls convey, 
J^d cut tl#ir Sry-a<!d hulky wax away ; 
For often Jiiards feizi th^lufcious fpoih, 
' Of drones^tMt riot o# another's toils : 
Oft bro^s cf moths infeft the hurtgry (warms, 
And oft ^c furious wafjt their hive alarms 
With louder 11 urns, and with unequal armsj. 
Or elfe the ipider at the enti»nce fets 
Her fnares, andfpinshcr bowels into nets 





When ficknefs reigns (for they as well as we 
Ptd 41 th' cfftfts of frail mortality) 
^Y certain marks the new difeafe i$ feenr 
Their colotif changesj and their l€H>k» are tbin^ 
Their funeral rites are formM, and every bee 
With grief attcntb the fsd folemnitj j 
The few dife3s*d fitrvivors han^ before 
Their fickly eells, and droop about the door. 
Or ll\2w|y th their hives their limbs unfold, 
Shru^ up with hunger^ and berilitnb'd with cold f 
In drawling' hmns the feeble infetls giiev^ 
And dokful buzzes echo through the hivcj 
Like wjpdi that foftly murmur through the ti-ees, . 
Like H^es pent vepi or lik^ reltringjeas. 
Kow by f relit honey nt^ar their empty rooms. 
In troughs of hollow needs, whvlit frying g^im* 
Caft rouna a Ragrant tnift of fptcy fumes. 
Thus ktndlj tempt tiie faraiJJ^M fMrdf-m to eat, ^ 
And gemly |pcq||^ile4hem to tlieir meat, 
Miic juice of galls, and wine, tha; groW in time 
Condensed by nre, and tliickcn to a flime | # 
To their dry\i nifef, dtyin^, and cent Arv jijin^ 
And roLifins ripcn'd on tlie Pfythian vine. 

Befidcs there ^ows a Uower in tnaitltij^fiouncl, 
Tr^ (lime Amellus, c^kfy fo be found | ^ 

A mighty fpring works in its root, and eleares 
The fprouting i^^lkj and Oitws itfclf in leai^s j 
The flower iUtlf is of a golden huej ^ 
The ieavet inclining to a tinrkir blmc ; 
The leaves (hoot thick about iLe flower, and grow 
^ buJlij and ibavle tHc turf below ; 


The plant in holy garlands otten twines 
The altars' pofts, and beautifies the ihrines ; 
Jts tafte is /harp, in vales new-fliom it grows. 
Where Mella's ftream in -watiy mazes flows. 
Take plenty of its roots^^and boil them veil *" 
■In wine, and he^ them up before the cell. 

But if the whole. ftock-fail, and nonefurvive; 
To raifeiiew people, and^-ecniit theiiive, 
'I *11 here the great experiment declare, f 
That fpread th* Arcadian ihepherd's fiame fo far. 
• How bees from blood of (laughter'd bulls have fltA, 
And fwarms amidft the red corruption bred. 

For M^iere th* Egyptians yearly 'fee their bounds 
RefrefliM with floods, and fail about their grounds, 
"Where Perfia bai3^ars,^d'the rolling Nile i^ 
Drives ^iftly down the fwarthy Indians foil. 
Till into feven it multiplies its ftream, ^ «. ■ 
And fattens Egypt-witb a fruitful fli>^ : • 
In this laft j^ra^ice all their hope remains, 
And long.experience juftifies theiir pains. *' 

Firil then a clofe contained fpace of ground, 
With ftrsdnten-d wall»and low-built roof they found 3 
« A narrow fhf Ivmg lightis next affign'd 
To all- the quarter, one to every wind; 
Through thefe the glancing rays obliquely pierce : 
Hither they lead a bull that ^ young and fierce, 
When two-years growth of horn he: proudly fhows, 
And ihakef -the comely terrors of his brows : 
v-His nofe andnnouth,<^ the avenues^of breath. 
They muzzle up, and beat his limbs to death. 



►"rf nrr confecrate the day, 
T^ nittUc tnd Cecilia i 
>lii^. xkt greateft g^ood that mortals know. 
And all of heaven wc have below. 
Mu^c can noble hints impart, 
Fngtndcr fury, kindle love; 
With unfufiicflcd eloquence can move, 
Ami vianage all the man with iecret art* 

When Orpheus (Irikes the trembling lyre. 
The dreams (land dill, the ftones admire $ 
The liftening favagcs advance, 

The wolf and lamb around him trip. 
The bears in aukward mcafures leap^ 
And tigers mingle in the dance. 
Tlie movrng woods attended as he playM, 
And Rhodope was left without a /hade. 
Mufic religious heats infpires, 

It w'akes the. foul, and lifts it high, 
'And wi»gs it with fublime defires. 
And fits it'to bcfpeak the Deity. 
?rh' Almighty lillens to a tuneful tongue, 
And fcems well-pleas'd and courted with a fong. 

Soft moving founds and heavenly airs 
' Give force to every word, and recommend our prayers. 
When time itfclf (hall be no more, 
And all things in confufion hurPd, 
Mufic (hall then exirt its power. 
And ll>\iud liirvive tlie ruins of the world : 



A SONG. 3^. 

Then faints and angels fliaiJ agree 

In one eternal jubilee : 
All heaven (hall echo with their hymns dirine^ 

And God himielf with pleafure fee 
The whole creation in a chorus join. 


Confccrate the place and day. 

To niufic and Cecilia. 

Let no rough winds approach, nor dar» 

Invade the hallowM bounds. 
Nor rudely (hake the tuneful air. 

Nor fpoil the fleeting founds. 
Nor mournful figh nor groan be heard. 

But gladnefs dwell on every tongue; 
Whilft all, with voice and (bings prepared. 

Keep up the loud harmonious fon^. 
AtA imitate the bicft above, 
:- j y, and harmony, and lore. 


OFT «> 




APRIL 3» 165^4. 

SINCE, deareft Hany, you wiil^eeds requcft 
A (hort account of all the Mufe-poiTefty 
That, down from Chaucer's days to Diyden's times> 
Have fpent their noble rage in Britifh rhymes ; 
Without more preface, writ in formal length. 
To fpeak the undertaker's want of ftrcngth, 
I '11 try to make tlieir feveral beauties known, ^ 

And (how their verfes worth, though not my own* 

Long had our dull forefathers (lept fupine. 
Nor felt the raptures of the tuneful Nine j 
Till Chaucer firft, a merry bard, arofe, 
Aud many a ftory told in rhyme and profc. .. 
But age has rufted what the Poet writ, 
Worn out his language, and obfcur'd his wit: 
In vain he jefts in his unpolifti'd ftrain. 
And tries to make his readers laugh in vain. 

Old Spenfer next, warm'd with poetic rage,. 
In ancient tales amus'd a barbarous age i 



An age that yet uncultivate and rude, 
Where-e*er the poet's fancy led, purfued 
Through pathlefs fields, and unfrequented fioods> 
To dens of dragons, an4. enchanted woods. 
]f ut now the myftic tale, that pleasM of yore. 
Can charm an underftanding age no more j 
The long- fpun. allegories fulfome grow,; 
While the dull moral lies too plain below. 
We view well-pleasM at diflance all the fights. 
Of arms and palfrles, battles^ fields, and fights. 
And damfels in djftrefs, and courteous knights. 
But when we look too near, the (hades decay. 
And all the pleafing landikip fades away. 

Great Cowley then (a mighty genius) wrote, 
O'er-run with' wit, and lavifh of his thought: 
His turns too clofely on the reader prefs : 
He more had pleased ui, had he pleas'd us lefs> 
One glittering thought no fboner ftrikes our eyes» 
With filent wonder, but new wonders rife^ 
As in the miiky>way a fliining white 
Overflows the heavens vviih one continued light j 
That not a fingle ftar can fhew his rays, 
Whilft jointly all promote the common blaze. 
Pardon, great Poet, that I dare to name 
Th' unnuraberM beauties of thy verfe with blame ji 
Thy fault is only wit iri its excefs : 
But wit like thine*in any (hape will pleafe. 
What Mufe but thine can equal hints infpire. 
And fit the deep-mouthM Pindar to thy lyre :• 
Pindar, whom others in a labouf d ftniin. 
And forced exprellion, imitate in vain ? 

D 2 Weil- 


Well-pleas'd in thee he foars with new delight,' 
And plays in more unbounded verfe, and takes a nobler 

Bleft man ! whofe fi>otlefs life and charming lays 
EmpIoyM the tuneful prelate in thy praife ;* 
Bleft man ! who now fhall be for ever known, 
-^n Sprat's fuccefsful labours and thy own. 

But Milton next, with high and haughty ftalks, 
Unfetter'd in majeftic numbers walks : • x 

No vulgar hero can his Mufe engage 5 
Nor earth's wide fcene confine his hallow'd rage. 
See ! fee ! he upwards fprings, and towering high 
Spurns the dull province of mortality, - ■ * 

Shakes heaven's eternal throne with dire alarms, 
And fets th' Almighty thunderer in arms. 
What e'er his pen defcribes I more than fee, 
Whilft every verfe, array 'd in majefty. 
Bold and fublime, my whole attention draws. 
And feems above the critics nicer kws. * 

How are you ftruck with terror and 4elight, 
When angel with arch-angel copes in fight ! 
When great Meffiah's out-fpread banner fhines. 
How does the chariot rattle in his lines ! 
What found of brazen wheels, what thunder,* fcafe, 
And ftun the reader with the din of war ! 
With fear my fpirits and my bipod retire. 
To fee the feraphs funk in clouds of fire ; 
But when, with eager fteps, from hence I rife, 
A nd view the firft gay fcenes of Paradife j 
\Vh?.t tongue, what words of rapture can exprefs 
'\ viHon fo profufe of pleafantnefs ! 



Oh had the Poet ne'er profan'd his p6n, 
To varnifh o'er the guilt of faithlefs men ; 
His other works might have defei-vM applaufe ! 
But now the language can't fupport the caufe ; 
While the clean current, though ferene and bright. 
Betrays a bottom odious to the fight. 

But now, my Mufe, a foftcr ftrain rehearfe. 
Turn every line with art, and fmooth thy verfe ; 
The courtly Waller next commands thy lays : 
Mufe," tune thy verfe, with art, to Waller's praife. 
While tender airs and lovely dames infpire 
Soft melting thoughts, and propagate defire : 
So long fhall Waller's fti*ains our paflion move. 
And Sacchariffa's beauty kindle love. 
Thy verfe, harmonious bard, and flattering fong, 
Can make the vanquifli'd great, the coward ftrong. 
Thy verfe can (how ev'n Cromwell's innocence. 
And compliment the ftorm that bore him hence. 
Oh had thy Mufe not come an age too foon. 
But feen great Naffau on the Britifh throne I 
How had his triumphs glitter'd in thy page, 
And warm'd thee to a more exalted rage ! 
What fcenes of death and horror had we view'd, 
And how had Boyne's wide current reekM in blood ! 
Or if Maria's charms thou wouldft rehearfe. 
In fraoother numbers and a fofter verfe ; 
Thy pen had well defcrib'd her graceful air. 
And Gloriana would hav^ feem'd more fair. 

Nor muft Rofcommon pafs negleiSled by, 
T\m makes ev'n rules a noble poetry : 

D 3 R'^ile* 


Kttlcf %ihde d«ep ika^s mI beaimlf nuttilaf 
The brt of ctrtici, aodof poetsioo. 

WliiltCooyif tHiHcwpmgaibthgacigjb buttii^ pte 

Bot fee whav artlkl Dayikft ixxt arpeaiv 
Gr^pwn ol4 in rlijnM»lRi( chaimti^ er^n in |e»v 
Gftmt 0f7«ka ncaet, vlioft imefol Mmlk a^onk 

She h , ibr isiov^ our iouks I 

if f^Cire or heroic grains fkt writes, 

H^ Ibcro pka&s, and ker f^rt bit^. 

Ff^in bcT oio karAi vc^rtfEil xmnbers faU, 

She wean all drrli^s, 4ii4 ihc clun&i la alL 

Ht^w vQight we iear crar ETt^lHh pGctzy, 

Tisirt icfig: Kii flounlli'd, ihcakl dcctj wiih ttoj 

Did not the Mufet* other hcpc ^ifsesr, 

HiarsiGnlovis CangrcTCr aiid fctbid our £tn : 

Ci>ngrrve i whofe fancy's irnrtiia^tftH ioce 

Hai girrn aJready mitch, im4 pnnis^d n^acc 

A^ti Drydcn'i Mtife ^^} m Im &iaiil f^rtife. 

I *eii lu'd with rhjmtug, ^nd ^^uI4 Hm gtiieo^'ov 
Bui juHicr ftill dtmasda one Ubo^r mof* s 
The «6hlc Monmgu* nemaiiis unnam'd. 
For witf for humaurj aful for ^tidgment fam'd; 
To Dorfci fir direct* his artful Mufe* 
In numlim fLtth ai^ PoHet*« Iclf might b&« 
licrt* tirgVtgtndf gricefwl he onrcius 
Hii vtrfc, »nd wHtEt in joofe famili^ fbaiiii j 


How Naflau's godlike a6ls adorn his lines, 

V^nd ali tl|c hero in ftiil ^dfy IhSoes I . . » ' .1 * . 

We fee his army fet in juft array. 

And Boync^s dyM waves run purple to the fea. 

Npr Sjmois chok*d with «ien» and arm«r, and blood i 

Nor rapid Xanthus\ celebrated flood. 

Shall longer be the Poet's higheft themes, 

Thoiigft god« and he|:oe8- fought promifcuoui iii their 

. ftreams. 
£ut now^ to Na(faB> fecret councils raised* 
lie aids the hero, whom before he prais'd. 

I 've done at length ; and now, dear friend, receive 
The laft poor prefent tkat my Mufe can give. 
I leave the arts of poetry and verfe 
To them that pra^tife them with more fuccefs* 
Of greater truths I '11 nc»w prepare to tell. 
And fo at once^ dear friend and Mufe, fareweh 






IK Tfte YEAH 18 0CCI. 

** Magna vtVunt ! t\hv res anriqux iaudi* Sc artii 
** Aggre4ior, JknSQ« sluTu* rac inhere font^." 

WH I L E you, my Lord^ die rural Ibades 
And from Bnfaiiiua^$ public po&t rtbr^j 
frfor longo", her urtgrat^jful fons to plcaic. 
For thrir adv^titage facrifice yvrtir tali: | 
Mc ir.ta ftiirign rt^alms my fate conveyst 
Ttir0ugii nation* fruitful of immortal Jap, 
Where iJic /oft feafon and iavitmg dime 
Cpiifpirt tn (rouble your i^cpofe with rhyme, 

For whercfoc'cr I turn my ravlfli'J eyes, 
Gay ^ItJtil JtcTic» and fiimmg profptcls rife. 
Poetic Md^ incompafik me around i 
Aud iliU I fe^itt to tread on clafiic ground | 
For htrc dj£ Mule ib oft her harp has ftrung, 
'^Thit nut % myufitniii rears its head unfungt 
Kcnown'd in vtd'c each ftiady Ehieket grows, 
Auitd every ftrc-im in heavenly numbers fiowf. 

How imi I }t!t'a4'd to fea;ch the hills and woods 
Fur tiUng rpringi and celebrated floods I 


To view the Nar, tumultuous in his courfe. 
And trace the fmooth Clitumnus to his fource. 
To fee the Mincio draw his watery ftore. 
Through the long windings of a fruitful ihore, 
And hoary Albula's infeftcd tide 
O'er the warm bed of fmoking fulphur glide. 

Fir'd with a thoufand raptures, I funrey 
Eridanus through flowery meadows ftray. 
The king of floods ! that, rolling o'er the plains. 
The towering Alps of half their moifhire drains. 
And proudly fwoln with a whole winter's fnows, 
Difkributes wealth and plenty where he flows. 

Sometimes, mifguided by the tuneful throng, 
I look for.ftreams immortaliz'd in fong, -' 
That loft in filence and oblivion lie, 
(Dumb are their fountains and their channels dry) 
Yet run for ever by the Mufe's (kill. 
And in the fmooth defcription murmur ftill. 

Sometimes to gentle Tiber I retire, 
And the fam'd river's empty fliores admire. 
That deftitute of ftrength derives its courle 
From thrifty urns and an unfruitful fource 5 
Yet fung fo often in poetic lays. 
With fcorn the Danube and the Nile furvcys ; 
So high the deathlefs Mufe exalts her theme'! 
Such was the Boyne, a poor inglorious ftream. 
That in Hibernian vales oblcurely ftray'd. 
And unoblbrv'd in wild Meanders playM; 
J' 111 by your lines and Naflau's fword renown'd, 
':i rid ng billows through the world refound, 



Wherever the Heroes godlike a£^s can pierce, 
-Or where the fame of an immortal verfe. 

Oh could the Muie my nurifh'd \>rea& infpire 
"With warmth like yours, and raife an equal fire» 
Unnumber'd beauties in my verfe ihould ihine> 
And Virgil's Italy ihould yield to mine ! 

See how the gulden groves around me fmile» 
That ihun the coaft of Britain's ftormy ifle. 
Or, when tranfplanted and preferv'd with care, 
Curfe the cold clime, and ftarve in northern atr. 
Here kindly warmth their mounting juice feimentt 
To nobler taftes, and more exalted fcents : 
'£v*n the rough socks with tender myrtle bloom* 
And trodden «^eeds fend out a rich perfume. 
3ear me, fome God, to Baia's gentle feats. 
Or cover me in Unibria's green retreats 5 
Where weftcrn gales ^emally reiide, 
And all the feafons laviih all their pride t 
Bloffoms, and fruits, and lowers together rife. 
And the whole year in gay confufion lies. 

Immortal glories in my mind revive, 
Andin my foul a thoufand paifions ftrive, 
Wfien Rome's exalted beauties I defcry 
Magnificent in piles of ruin lie. 
An amphitheatre's amazing height 
Here fills my eye with terror and delight, 
That on its public (hows unpeopled Rome, 
And held uncrowded nations in its womb : 
Here pillars rough with fculpture pierce the ikie». 
And here the proud triumphal arches rife, 
^ . „ Where 


'Where the old Romans deathlefs a^ difplay'd^ 

Their bafe degenerate progeny upbraid : 

Whole rivers here forfake the fields below, 

And wondering at their height through airy channels fiow« 

Still to new Icenes my wandering Mufe retires. 
And the dumb (how of breathing rocks admires { 
Where the fmooth chifel all its force has ihown. 
And fcftenM into fleih the nigged ftone. 
In ibiemn filence, a ma)eftic band. 
Heroes, and Gods, and Roman confuls (land. 
Stein tyrants, whom their cruelties renown, 
And emperors in Pariaii marble frown $ 
While the bright dames, to whom they humbly ftie^ 
£till (how the charms that their proud hearts fubdued. 

Fain would I R^hael's godlike art rehearfe. 
And (how th* immortkl labours in my verfe. 
Where from the mingled fbrength of (hade and light 
A new creation rifcs to my (ight, 
<Such heavenly figures from his pencil (low. 
So wariB with life his "blended colours glow. 
From theme to theme with fecret pleafure toil, 
Amidfl the foft variety I 'm loft : 
Here pleafing airs my ravi(h*d foul confound 
With circling notes and labyrinths of found j 
Here domes and temples rife in diftant views. 
And opening palaces invite my Mu(e. 

How has kind heaven adorn'd the happy land. 
And fcatter'd bleflings with a wafteful hand ! 
But what avail her unexhaufted ftores. 
Her blooming mountains^ aod her funny (hores, 

3 With 


With all the gifts that heaven and earth impart. 
The fmiles of nature, and the charms* of art, 
While proud oppreflion in her valleys reigns. 
And tyranny ufurps her haj^y plains ? 
The poor inhabitant beholds in vain 
The reddening orange and the fv^elling grain : 
Joylefs be fees the gi'owing oils and wines. 
And in the myrtle's fragrant fhade repines : 
Starves, in the midft of nature's bounty curft. 
And in the loaden vineyard dies for thirft. 

Oh Liberty, thou goddefs heavenly bright, 
Profufe of blifs, and pregnant with delight I 
Eternal pleafures in thy prefence reign. 
And imiling plenty leads thy wanton train ; 
Eas'd of her load fubjedlion grows more light. 
And poverty looks chearful in th^ fight 5 
Thou mak'ft the gloomy face of nature gay, 
Giv'ft beauty to the fun, and pleafure to the day. 
Thee, goddefs. Thee, Britannia's ifle adores j 
How has ftie oft exhaufted all her ftores. 
How oft in fields of death thy prefence fought. 
Nor thinks the mighty prize too dearly bought ! 
On foreign mountains may the fun refine 
The grape's fbft juice, and mellow it to wine. 
With citron groves adorn a diftant foil, 
And the fat olive fwell with floods of oil : 
We envy not the warmer clime, that lies 
In ten degrees of more indulgent fkies, 
Nor at the coarfenefs of our heaven repine. 
Though o'er our heads the frozen Pleiads fhine : 


Aii aQ At aii^iiiii «kU lies Mh^d la pe«r^. 

n Mfatett CkHl bei»Ui «nb fe;^ dft^ 


Asa ]inc« K^ ^lipi~*t «■ likeyo^Wj ii«i4 itaiit* 







LOST In the glQQmf boreor of the night ^ 
We ilmck Uji^m the coail whvi t iElna lies, 
Horrid ajid vraftc, its fdU'ail& IVaa^hL wuh foe, 
That Tiow cadi owt ikrk lumct iinH pitchy clouds, ^ 
Vaflr fiioweri qf aftjcs hovering in the it.okt j 
Now brldifft molkn Ittjtits and ruddy *iiiiic 
IiictnA, or till 1 3 xi\t mounuins by the ivots» 
Or flings a broke ti rouL aloh Ln air. 
The bottom works wjib fmftither'd fire, involv'd 
In pellilffiibl vfaputirsj flench and ih^ke. 

*Tia fiiidp that tKundcr-ftruck Encdiidu* 
Gipveling htffit'xth th" ijicumhcrtit mountain's wdgfat 
LiCf ili*ttch\l Aipiiic, etrrtul pity of Hiimfsj 
And when he heav^i liguiflll the burning ioad, 
Rtluctai^t, ta inftTt his broiling limbs, 
A ft^dden eanJ)qim)&e (i\CQU throngh aJl th« ifle, 
And ^tnft timnders drcuJful tand^r ground. 
Then |KHi(8 out frnok« inwiiaihiog curk coiivolv*d^ 
And fhadcs the fun's brighi otb, and bkt& tmt day^ 

1^1 c re* In tht flaker of the woods vvc lodged. 
And frighted heard ftrangc founds and ditinal yeils^ 
Nui* ftiw frotn whencr th<y caiuc ; for all the night 
A murky tturm deep louring o'er tsur heads 
Ilun>', luimiriciiti th^iT with irii psr vioui g'oain 



And fhadtd all beneath. But now the fan 
With orient beams had chac'd the- dewy night 
From earth and heaven ; all natiR^ ftood difclos'd : 
Nvhen looking on the neighbouring woods we fawt 
The gbaftly vifage of a man unknown. 
An uncouth feature, meagre, pale, and wild 5 
Affliction's foul and terrible difmay , 

Sat in his looks, his face impaired and' worn 
With marks of famine, fpcaking fore diftrefs 5 
His locks were tangled, and his ihaggy beard 
Matted with filth ; in all things elfe a Greek. 

He firft advanced in hafte ; but when he faw^ 
Trojans and Trojan arms, in mid career 
Stopt ihort, he back recoil'd as one fufpriz'd^ 
But foon recovering fpeed, he ran, he flew 
Precipitant, and thus with piteous cries 
Our ears aflkird ; '* By heaven's eternal fires^. 
" By every God that fits inthron'd on high, 
" By this good light, relieve a wretch forlorn,, 
" And bear me hence to any diftant fiiore, 
" So I may fliun this favage race accurft. 
" 'Tis true I fought among the Greeks that late 
'• With fword and fire o'erturn'd Neptunian Troy^, 
*' And laid the labour of the Gods in duft 5 
" For which, if ib the fad offence deferves, 
" Plung'd in the deep, for ever let me lie 
" Whelm'd under feas ; if death muft be my ddom^ 
*' Let man infli6l it, and I die well pleas'd." 

He ended here, and now profufe of tears 
In fuppliant mood fell proftrate at our feet j 
We bade him Ipeak from whence, and what he was,. 



And how by ftrefs of fortune funk thus low ; 
• Anchifes too with friendly afpeft mild 
Gave him his hand, fure pledge of amity. 
When, thus encouraged, he began his tale. 

I'm one, fays he, of poor defcent, my name 
Is Achxmcnides, my country Greece, 
Ulyffes' fad compeer, who, whilft he fled 
The raging Cyclops, left me here behind 
Difcon folate, forlorn j within the cave 
He left me, giant Polypheme's dark cave ; 
A dungeon wide and horrible, the walls 
On all fides furr'd with mouldy damps, and hung 
With. clots of ropy gore, and human limbs, 
His dire repaft : himfelf of mighty fize, 
Hoarfe in his voice, and in his vifage grim. 
In tradable, that riots on the flefh 
Of mortal men, and fwills the vital blood. 
Him did I fee fnatch up with horrid grafp 
Two fprawling Greeks, in either hand a man : 
I faw him when with huge tempeftuous fway 
He dafht and broke them on the grundfil edge; 
The pavement fwam in blood, the walls around 
Were fpatter'd o'er with brains. He lapt the blood. 
And chew'd the tender flefti ftill warm with life, 
That fweird and heav'd itfelf amidft his teeth 
As fenfible of pain. Not lefs mean while 
Our chief incens'd, and ftudious of revenge, 
Plots his deftru6lion, which he thus effefts. 
The giant, gorg'd with flefh, and wine, and blood. 
Lay ftrctcht at length and fnoring in his den, 
Belching raw gobbets from his maw, o'erchargM 

2 V/itk 

'"With purple wine and cruddled gore conlW^d. ' 

• We gather^ round,' and to his (Ingle eye. 
The fingle eye t4iat in his forehead glared 

> Like a full moon, or a broad bumiih^d ihielfl, 
A forky ftaff we dextrouily ^iplyM, 
Which, in the fpacious focket turning round,. 
Scoopt out the big round jelly /rem its orb. 
But let me not thus interpofe delays ; 
Ply, mortals, fly this curft detefted race s 
A hundred of the fame-^pendous £ze, 
A hundred Cyclops Hve among the hills^ 
GigslHtic brotherhood, that ftalk: along 
With horrid ftrides o^er the high mountains tops^ 
Enormous in their gait j I oft have heard 
Their roice and tread ; oft feen them as they paft, 
Sculking and fdouring down, half dead with fear. 

'Thrice has theimoon wafli'd all her orb in light, ^ 
Thrice travel'd'o^r in her obfcure fojoum, 
The realms of night inglorious, fince I've liv'd 
Amidft thefe woods, gleaning from thorns and flirubs 

-A wretched fuftenance. As thus he fpoke. 
We faw defcending-from a neighbouring hill 
Blind Polypheme ; by weary fteps and flow 
The groping giant* with a trunk of pine 
Explor'd his way : around his woolly flocks 
Attended grazing : to the well-known ftiore 
He bent hi« courfe, and on the margin ilood, 
A hideous nwnller, terrible, deformM j 
Full in the midft of his high front there gap'd 
The fpacious "hollow where his eye-ball rolPd, 

E A ghaftly 




A ghtftly orifice i he rint^l the wound. 

And wadiM awsiy the Aring^ and dotted blood 

Thif cik'd within ^ th«n tblkitig through the deep 

He ford* the ocewi j while the topmail 

Scurcf reacHe* iip \m middle fide : wc (lood 

AmA Al^ be fure { ti fudden horror chill 

Rah through ettch itervtf and thriUM h\ every vein^ 

TiU* iifinjf all the force of wind* and oars, 

We fped mway" % he heflrd uk in our coiirte. 

And with hit out-ftretch'd arms around him grop'di 

But, Ending nought within his reach, he i^jsM 

Such hideout Oioiu^ that »ll ihc ocean fhook* 

Ev*li It^yi though miny a league remote^ 

In difttnt eeho« anfwer'H ^ Minn, roar'dj 

Thraugh ill iti inmoft winding caverns roarMn, 

Rtius'd With the found p the mighty family 
Of oiie-'eyecl brothers hndcn lo tin: Jhorc^ 
And gather round the bellowing Polyphemt* 
A dire iflVmbly * wt with eager haftc 
Work every ooe, snd from ifif behold 
A hoft of gitntt eovrring all rhe At<»rr. 

So ^ndi a tbiTll tall *^i mountain oakt 
Advanced to mighty growth j tbe traveller 
]lc9jr» from the humble valley where he ridet 
The hollow murmursi of the windii thai blow 
Ami^^tl the Wughit and at tlie dift^nee feet 
The <l\d*ly to|^ of tree* unnumbered rifej 
A ftjiiely ftrofpeftt witiag m tJie clouds. 


I 51 J 


T O 



*' — Rheni pacator (t Iftri. 

** Om'nis in hoc uno variis difcordia ccflit 

** Ordinibus 5 Ixtatur equcs, plauditque fenator, 

** Votaque patricio ccrtant plebeia fivori."*' 

Claud, de Laud. Stlllc. 

*< EfTe aliquam in terris gentem quae fua impenfa, Cum 
" labore ac pericuIo» bellageratpro libertate alionim. 
** Nee hoc finitimis, aut propinquse vicinitatis ho- 
** minibus, aut terris tontinenti junftis praeftet. 
«* ^^ria trajiclat : ne quod toto oibe terrarum in- 
" juihisn imperium fit, et ubique jus, fas, lex, po- 
" tentiffiraa fint." Liv. Bill. lib. 35. 

¥ TT THILE crowds of princes your deferts proclalin^ 
^ ^ Proud in their number to enrol your name j 
While emperors to you commit their caufe. 
And Anna's praifes crown the vaft applaufe j 
Accept, great leader, what the Mufe recites. 
That in ambitious vcrfe attempts your fights, 
Fir'd and tranfported with a theme fo new. 
Ten thoufand wofRdcis opening to my view 

E 2 Shine 


A D D I S ON ^ S P O E MS. 



iShirit forth at otice ^ fiegcs and ftorms appear, 
•Ajid wars arid c^tiqucfts Ml th' important year : 

J vers of blood I fee, aiid hills of llain, 
Iliad rifing out of one campaign, 

Tbe haughty Gaul beheld,, with towering pridcj 
His uncient bounds enlargM on every fidcj 
Pyrenees lofty barriers were fubdaed, 
And in tlie mtdft of bis wide empire ftood j 
Aufonia's ftates, the viflor to rtllrainj 
Opposed their Alps and Apennines in vain^ 
Nor found themfelves, with ftrength of rocks immi3l^:J, 
Be^hmd thdr tv^rlailing hills iecurd ; 
The riling Danube ki long race began. 
And hajf its courfe through the new conqucfta r*ii ; 
Amaz'd and anxious for her fovcrcign's fates, 
Gennaoia trembled through a hundred Itates j 
Great Leo po I d himfei f wa s- fci*' d w 3 1 h fea r j 
Hegaj'd around^ but ftw no fuccour near; 
He gaK d and half- abandoned to defpair 
His hopes on heaven, and coniidtnee in prayer* 

To Britain*fi queen the nations turn their eyes. 
On her refglves the v^eftcm world rehes. 
Confiding flill, ainidfl its dire alarms. 
In Anna's conncils, and in Chiirchiirs arms. 
Thrice Kappy Biii:alrt3 from the kingdoms rent. 
To ftt the gu^rdiiin of the continent 1 
That fees her bmvcil fon advanced fo high. 
And fl&un/hirig fo near her prince's eye § 
Thy f':ivouj iteis grow not tip by fortune^s fport^ 
Or Worn the crimen or folUcs of a courtj 

T H E C A M r A I -G N^ . 53 

Orir tht firm b^fis of defert they rife. 

From long-try*d faith, and. frlendlhip^s holy tyes : 

Their fovereign's well-diftingyifli'd fmiles they fliare, . . 

Her ornaments in peace, her ftiength in war j 

The nation thanks them with a public voice, 

By Ihowers of bleflings heaven approves their choice j. 

Envy itfelf is dumb, in wonder loft. 

And fa6lions ftrive who &all applaud them mod. ■ 

Soon as foft vernal breezes warm the iky, 
Britannia^s colours in the. zephyrs fly; 
Her chief already has his march .b«gun» 
Croffing the provinces himlelf had won, . 
Till the Mofelle, appearing from afar, . 
Retards the. ptogrefs of the moving war. . 
Delightful ftream, had nature bid her fall 
In diftant climes far from the perjur'd Gaul | ^ 
But now a purchafe to the fword fhe Jies, 
Her harvefts for uncertain owners rife, . 
Each vineyard doubtful gf its mafter grows, . 
And to the vigor's bowl each vintage flows. 
The difcontented Ihades of flaughter'd hofts. 
That wander'd on her banks, her heroes ghofts 
Hop'd, when they faw Britannia's arms appear, . 
The vengeance due to their great deaths was near. . 

Our godlike leader, ere the ftream he pall, . 
The mighty fcheme of all his labours call, 
Forming the wondrous year within his thought 5 
His bofom glow'd with battles yet unfought. 
The long laborious mai'ch he iirft furveys. 
And joins the dillant Danube to the^Macfc, . 

E 3 Between 

54 ADDISON'S T O £ M S« 

Betwten whofe floods fuch pathlds forefts grow^ 
Such mountains rUe, fo many nvers flow : 
The toil looks lorely in the hero*s eyes. 
And danger fenres but to enhance the prize. 

Big with the fate of Europe, he renews 
His dreadful courfe, and the proud foe purfues 1^ 
Infefled by the burning Scorpion's heat. 
The fultry gales round his chaTd temples beat. 
Till on the borders of the Maine he finds 
Defenfive fhadows, and refrefhing winds. 
Our Britifh youth, with in-born freedom bold. 
Unnumbered fcenes of fervitude behold. 
Nations of flaves, with tyranny debased, 
(Their maker's image more than half defac*d) 
Hourly inftrucled, as they urge their toil. 
To prize their queen, and love their native foil. 

Still to the rifmg fun they take their way 
Through clouds of dud, and gain upon the day. 
When now the Neckar on its friendly coaft 
With cooling ilreams revives the fainting hoft^ 
That chearfully his labours^paft forgets, 
The mid-night watches, and the noon-day heats. 

O'er proftrate towns and palaces they pafs 
(Now cover'd o>r with woods, and hid in grafs^y 
Breathing revenge i whilft anger and difdain 
Firfe every breail, and boil in every vein : 
Here fhatterM walls, like broken rocks, from far 
Rife up in hideous views, the guilt of war, 
Whilft here the vine o'er hills of ruin climbs, 
Induilrious to conceal great Bourbon's crimes. 



At length th^ fame of England's hero-dfcw 
Eugenio to the glorious interview. 
Great fouls by inftin^l to each other turn/ 
Pemand alliance, and in friendihip bum ; 
A fudden friendihip, while with ftretch'd-out rayt 
They meet each other, miifgling blaze with blaxe* 
Poliih'd in courts, and hardenM in the Beldp 
Renown'd for conqueft, and in council fkilPd, 
Their courage dwells not in a troubled flood 
Of mounting fpirits, and fermenting blood $ 
LodgM in the foul,- with virtue over-rurd, 
InflamM by reaibn, and> by reafon cool'd, • 
In hours of peace content to be unknown, . 
And only in the field of battle ihown »- < 
To fouls like thefe, in mutual fricndfiiip join'd. 
Heaven dares intruft the caufe of human-kind. 

Britannia's graceful fons appear in arms. 
Her harrafsM troops the hero's prefence .warms, 
Whilft the high hills and rivers all around 
With thundering peals of Britifti fhoutsrefound : 
Doubling their fpeed, they march with frefh delight^ 
Eager for glory, and require the fight. 
So the llanch hound the trembling deer purfues. 
And Imells his footfteps in the tainted dews. 
The tedious track unraveling by degrees : 
But when the fcent comes warm in every breeze, 
Fir'd at the near approach he /hoots away 
On his full ftretch, and bears upon his prey. 

The march concludes, the various realms are paftj 
Th' immortal Schellcnberg appears atlail< 

E 4 Like 


Like hills tli' afpiring rartiparts rife oft high. 
Like valleys at their feet the trenches lie j 
Batteries on batteries guard each fatal pafs. 
Threatening deftni^lion ; rows, of hollow brafs. 
Tube behind tube, the dreadful entrance keep, 
Whilft in their wombs ten thoufand thunders deep : 
Great Churchill owns, charniM with the glorious fight^; 
His march o'er-paid by fuch a promised fight. 

The weAem fun now fhot a feeble ray, 
And faintly icatterM the remains of day : 
Ev'ning approached 5 but oh what hoft of foes 
Were never to behold that evening clofe ! 
Thickening their ranks, and wcdgM in firm an-ay, .. 
The clofe-corapa6led Britons win their way; 
In vain the cannon their throng'd war defacM 
With trafts of death, and laid the battle wafte j 
Still prefling forward to the fight, they broke 
Through flames of fulphur, and a night of fmoke,^ 
Till flaughrer'd legions filPd the trench below. 
And bore their fierce avengers to the foe. 

High on the works the mingling hofts engage j 
The battle, kindled into tenfold rage. 
With ftiowcrs of bullets and with ftorms of fire 
Burns in full fury; heaps on heaps expire. 
Nations with nations mix'd confus'dly die. 
And loft in one promifcuous carnage lie. 

How many generous Britons meet their doom. 
New to the field, and heroes in the bloom ! 
Th* illuftrious youths, that left their native fhore 
To march where Britons never march'd before, 

' (O fatal 

(O fatal love of fame ! O gloriotis heat 
Only deftrtrftive to the brave and gfeat I) 
After fuch toils o'ercomc^ fuch dangers paft, 
StretchM on B^rarian ramparts breathe their Izft, ' . 
Biit hold, my Mufe, may no complaints appear^ 
Nor blot the day with an ungrateful tear* 
While Marlborough livesy Britannia's ftars difp^nfe '. 
A friendly light, and (hine in innocence. . 
Plunging through feas of blood his fiery ileed 
Where-c'er his friends retire, or foes fucceed ; 
Thofe he fupports, thefe drives to fudden flight, . 
And turns the various fortune of the fight. 

Forbear, great man, renown'd in arras, forbear - 
To brave the thickeft terrors. of the war, 
Nor hazard thus> confus'd in crowds of foes, .. 
Britannia's fafety, and the world's repofe ; . 
Let nations anxious for thy life abate 
Tliis fcom of danger, and contempt of fate : 
Thou liv'ft not for thyfelf ; thy Queen demands 
Conqueft and peace from thy victorious hands j 
Kingdoms and empires in thy fortune join, 
And Europe's deftiny depends on thine. 

At length the long-dilputed pafs they gain, . 
By crowded armies fortify'd in vain ; 
The war breaks in, the fierce Bavarians yield. 
And fee their camp with Britifh legions fili'd. 
So Belgian mounds bear on their fhatter'd fides 
The fea's whole weight increas'd with fwelling tides ; 
But if the rufliing wave a paflage finds, 
Eiirag'd by watery moons, and warring winds, 

5 The 

.--MO ? O v MS. 
, ..iL .i.L» ..IS couniiy round 
.. i ..:'iv=».^, .ii*w if* oceans drown'd, 
!u :uv.- .iiiviviiig *oci iiilptrit in flight, 
.t.uil; uf fwyiJs, and gleanings of a fight) 
':4 icry ruftlirt^ wind the vi^lor hear, 
\,.l Mailfaoioujjh's form in every Ihadow fear, 
* lil the daik cupc uft* night with kind embrace 
■St:ricnJs the iout, and covers their difgrace. 

To Dunavcit, with unrelilled force, 
The ^ay vi^^lorious army bends its courfe. 
I'hc growth of meadows, and the pride of fields, 
VV hdttver l^wls Bavaria's fummcr yields 
( Vhc Danube's great increalc), Britannia ihares, 
I he food of armies and fupport of wars : 
With magazines of death, deltni^live balls, 
And cannon doomed to batter Landau's walls, 
I'he viitor finds each hidden cavern ftor'd. 
And turns their fury on their guilty Lord. 

Delikted prince I how is thy grcatncfs croft. 
And all the gaiuiy dream of empire loft, 
That proudly fct thee on a fancy'd throne. 
And made imaginary realms thy own \ 
Thy troops, that now behind the Danube Join, 
Sh;ill ihortly feek for fhelter from the Rhine, 
Nor find it there ! SuiToundcd with alarms. 
Thou hop'ft the affiftance of the Gallic arms ; 
The Gallic arms in fufety thall advance. 
And crowd thy ftandards with the power of France, 
While, to exalt thy doom, th' aipiring Gaul 
Shares thy deftruilion, and adorns thy fall. 

^ Unbounded 


^m Vnhoxtndcd courage and cDmpaifitm joi 
^pTempenng eatli other m tJie viftor's mini 
M AitoTiateiy procUifn Kim good and great, 
I And make the Hero and the Man coniplear* 
1 Long <Kd he ftrive th' obdurat*! foe to gain 
Bv proCer'^d grace, but long fae ftrove in vain | 
TiJi, fir'd at iengtti he thinks it vain to fpate 
1 Hi« liiiT;^ wrathj and gires a loofe to vrar^ 

£Jh hi^ hand 
ages the land, 

i harveds bums, 
floclts retreat, 
rda confusedly bleat ^- 
mmcn fliade partake^ 
u every brake ; 
yrrow ftaods. 

h vengrajice roTis'd, tl 
With Avord and fire> J 
A thou J and viUagies to 
h crarkling flames a t 
To t^ tltick woods the 
J^Jid mixt with bellqwi 
ir trtrobUng lords 1 
Cfks of infants ft 
lifting Ibldier 5j( 
to obey his leader 5 juif commands; 
IW leader grievt*, by geneFous pity fway'd. 
To fee hit f uft commands fo well obey'd^ 
But now the trumpet terrible fn>m far 
h ^aUtr clangors animates the war ; 
CMiitdcrate dnim* in fuller concert beat, 
I And cchomg hilis the loud alarm repeat : 
GilUa'i proud ilandards, to Bavaria's joln^d^ 
VefarJ their gilded lilies in the wind j 
' The daring prince his bhJie^l hopes renews, 
Avig while the thitk embattled ho^ he views 
Wrtdit out in deep array, and dreadful lengthy 
^it bean dUates, and glories Ln his ilrcngth, 




T'le fetal day its mighty couHc began, 
T .\^i .he TTiev'd vwzz'.d. had long deiir'd in vain j 
::;:•. tes liiat their new captivity bemoaii''d. 
Armies of umtji& that in exile groan*d. 
Sighs from the depth of gloomy dungeons heard^ 
A;id praysrs in bittaners of ibul preferr'd, 
Hurope^s loud cries, that Providence aiTaird, 
_\::u Anna's ardent vows at length prevailed ; 
r\it: viny was come when heaven deiign'd to fhow 
His cire and conduft of the world below. 
Behold in aw-ful march and dread array 
The long extended fquadrons (hape their way ! 
uiirh, in approaching terrible, imparts 
An anxious horror to the braveft hearts ; 
Vet do their beating breafts demand the (hife^ 
And thirft of glory quells the love of life. 
No vulgar fears can Britilh minds control i 
Heat of revenge, and noble pride of foul. 
Overlook tl»e foe, advantagM by his poft, 
Lcflcn his numbers, and contraft his hoft ; 
Though fens and floods poflell the middle fpace, 
'I'luit un|)rovok\i they would have fear'd to pafs ; 
Nor fens nor floods can ftop Britannia's bands. 
When her proutl foe rangM on their borders ftands. 
But O, my Mufc, what numbers wilt thou find 
To fing the furious troops in battle join'd ! 
Mcthinks I hear the drums tumultuous found 
The vigors fliouts and dying groans confound. 
The ilrcndful burft of cannon rend the flcies. 
And all the thunder of the battle rife. 


T -ht: c a m p a I g n. 6< 

^TwasthengreatMarlborough's mighty foul was pro?*^^ 
That, in the ihock of charging hofts unmov'd, 
Amidft confiifion, horror, and defpair, 

' Examin'd all the dreadful fcenes of war : 

.In peaceful thought the field of death furve/''^, 

. To fainting fquadrons fent the tiniely aid, 

~ InfpirM repulsed battalions to engage. 
And taught the doubtful battle where to rage. 
So when an angel by divine command 
With riiing tempefts ihakes a guilty land. 
Such as of late oVnpale Britannia paft, 

^Calm and ferene'he drives the furious blaft; 
And, pleasM th* Almighty's orciers to perform, 

• ^ides in the whirlwind, and dire6U the ftorm. 

But iee the hau^ty houihold-troops advancle ! 
The dread of Europe, and the pride of France. 
The war's whole art each private foldier knowK, 
And with a General's love of conqueft glows $ 
Proudly he marches on, and void of fear 
Laughs at the ihaking of the Britifh fpeaur : 
Vain infolence ! with native freedom brave. 
The meaneft Briton fcorns the higheft flave i 
Contempt and fury fire their fouls by turns, 

. Each nation's glory in each warrior bums $ 
Each fights, as^in his arm th' important day 
And all the fate of his great -monarch lay : 
A thoufand glorious aflions, that might claim 
Triumphant laurels, and immortal fame, 
Confus'd in crouds of glorious a6lions lie. 
And trQops of heroes undiftingui/h'd die. 


O Dormer, how can I behold thy fate» 

And not the wonders of thy. youth relate ! 

How can I fee the gay, the brave, the young. 

Fall in the cloud of war, and lie unfung ! 

In joys of conqueft he refigms his breath. 

And, filrd with £nglafid*s gloi-y, fmiles In death* 

The rout 'begins, the Gallic fquadrons run, 
Oompeird in crouds to meet the fate they fhun ; 
Thoufands of fiery (beds with wounds transfixed, 
Tloating in gore, with their dead mafters mixt, 
*Midft heaps of fpears and ihmdards dri^cen around, 
Xie in the Danube-s bloody whirl-pools drownM. 
Troops- vf bold Touths, bam on the diftant Soane, 
Or founding borders of the n^id Rhone, 
Or where the Seine her flowery fiefds divides, 
Or where the Loire through winding vineyards glides. 
In heaps the rolling billows fwecp away, 
And intp Scythian feas their bloated corps convey. 
From Blenheim^s towers the Gaul, with wild affright, 
Beholds the various havock of the fight ; 
His waving.banners, that fo oft had ftood 
Planted in fields <^ death and ftreams of blood. 
So wont the guarded enemy to reach, . 
And rife triumphant in the fatal breach. 
Or pierce thebraken foe*s remoteft lines. 
The hardy veteran with tears refigns. 
^ Unfortunate Tallard ! Oh, who can name 

• *rhe pangs of rage, of forrow, and of ihame. 

That with mixt tumult in thy bofbm fwelPd, 

• When firft thou fiiw'ft thy braveft troops repell'd, • 



nlj ion pierced with a deaJly woondf 
in his bloody and gafping on the groiu 
in bondage by the viflor kepr 1 
ef, the father, and the captiye, wtpt, 
^liih Mufc h toutrh^d with generous w^j 
ih' unhappy in an forgets the foe ! « 

diftnetl 1 tliey loud com plaints forbetr, 
ityt the tum^ of f:ite^ ^nd chance of w; 
Y braire fovs their due r biu^h lo oWfi 
al ficlti by fuch great imHi-fs won^ 
Ikl whence fam'<i £iig« ■*« 

r ^ond honours of ( 
L floods of gore that fr fT *'' 

iHhes ftagnate, and th ? -* » 

ijn& of fl3^in lie heaped xrc grtmna, 

Lft the roarings of the rpauuoe drowned ; 
c&ptrve hofts the conqueror detains 
^1 bondage, and inglorious chains ; 
[ofe who *fcapc the fatter$ and the fword, 
■k the fortunes of a happier lord, - 4^**^ 

raging King dlflionours, to compleat 
>rcagii*s great work, and finiih the defeat. 
Q Meimiiiiiighefi*« high domes, and Augibui^^^ 

iibint battle drives- th* infulting 6auls| 
by .the terror of the vi^lor's name 
fcued States his great prote^«n claim ; ^. 

i Ulme th' approach of her deliverer wailSf * * 
oogc to open ber.ohfequious gates. 
i heroes hceaft till fwelk wkh gveat deigns, * 

ry thought the towering genius fliines s 



If to tlie foe his dreadful couric he bends. 
O'er the wide continent his mtirch extends ; 
If ilege$ in his labotiring tiioughts ore foFin'd, 
Camps are a/faulted, ^nd an army ilorm'd ; 
If to the ftght his a*ftive fo\iJ is betit. 
The fate of Europe turns on its event- 
What diiUnt kndj what legtoii* can afford 
All afljon worthy his vi Glorious ^ord ? 
Where will he next the flying Gaal defeat. 
To maJuj tht ft-ries of hi* toils compl^t ? 

Where the fwoln Rhine ruOting with adliti fonce 
Divides the hoUilc nations in je^ courfe^ 
While each contrails its bounds, or wider grow«» 
Enistfg'd or Uraiten'd as the river flows^ 
On Galha's iide a mighty bulwark ftands. 
That all the wide-extended plain eommands ; 
Twice, fince the waj- was kindled, ha^ it try'^d 
The victor's rage, and twice has chang^'d its fide j 
Ai oft whole armies, with the prize o>rjey'd. 
Have the long l\«niner on Us ^walls employed,. 
Hkher our mighty chief his aiins dirciEts, 
Henee future triumphs from the war experts ; 
And ihougfi the dog- liar b^d its courie beguti| 
Canici^ his arms it ill neajner to the fun : 
Fist on the glorious 3£tion,* be forgets 
Th6 cbaiige of ieaibrt!i, and iiicreale of heafs ^ 
No toils ane p^it^il that can dinger flio^> 
Ho dimes itnlovdy, that coiitRin a foe. 

The roving Gaul, to his own bounds retUtin'd, 
•Xesuns |0 iaca,nip witJ^ui his Buti^ic land^ 

THE <: A MP A I O.N. €% 

Bxit fopn as the vi£lorious hofi he fpies. 

From hill to hUl» from ftream to ftream he flies : 

Such dire impreillons in his heait cemain 

Of Marlborottgh^s fword, and Hochflet's fatal plain: 

In vain Britannia's mighty chief befets 

Their (hady coverts, and obfcure retreats ; 

They fly the conqueror's approaching fame» 

That bears the force of armies -in his name* 

A*ufiria*s young monarch, whofe imperial iWay 
•Sceptres and -thrones are deftin'd to obey. 
Whole boafted anceftry fo high extends 
That in4he pagan gods his lineage ends» 
•Comes from afar, in gratitude to own 
The- great fupporter of his father's throne : 
What tides of glory to his bofbm ran, 
Clafp'd in th* embraces of the godlike man f 
How were hjs eyes with pleafing wonder fixt 
To fee fiich fire with fo much fweetnefs mixt. 
Such eafy greatnefs, fuch a graceful port. 
So turn'd 'and flniih'd for the camp or court ! 

Achilles thus was form'd with every grace. 
And Nireus flione but in the fecond place | 
Thus the great father of almighty'Rome 
{ Divinely fluflit with an immortal bloom 
That Cytherea's fragrant bieath beftow'd) 
In all the charms of his bright mother glow'd* 

The royal youth by Marlborough's prefence charmed. 
Taught by his counfels, by his a6lion$ warm'd. 
On Landau with redoubled fury falls^ 
Difcharges all his thunder on its walls, 

F O'er 


O'er mines and caves of death provokes the fight, 
And learns to conquer in the hero's fight. 

The British chief, for mighty toils rcnown'd, 
Inereat'd in titles, and with conqutAs crowned. 
To Belgian coafts his tedious march renews. 
And the long windings of the Rhine purfncs. 
Clearing its borders from uiurping foes. 
And bleft by refcued nations as he goes. 
Treves fearsno more, freed from its dire alarms { 
And Traerbach feels the terror of his arms : 
Seated on rocks her proud foundations (hake. 
While Marlborough pred'es to the bold attack. 
Plants all his batteries, bids his cannon roar. 
And fhows how Landau might have falPn before. 
ScarM at his near approach, great Louis fears 
Vengeance referv'd for his declining years. 
Forgets his thirft of univerfal fway. 
And fcarce can teach his fubje^s to obey ; 
His arms he finds on vain attempts employed, 
Th' ambitious proje6ks for his race deftroy'd> 
The wofks of 2gt% funk in one campaign. 
And lives of millions facrificM in vain. 

Such are th* effects of Anna's royal carea : 
By her, Britannia, great in foreign wars, 
Ranges through nations, whereibe*er disjoined. 
Without the wonted aid of fea and wind. 
•By heir th* unfttter'd liter's ftates are free. 
And tafte die fweets of Englifh liberty t 
But who can tell the joys of thofe that lie 
Beneath the conftant influence of her eye i 


CAMP Alow. *f 

WhUft in d iffy five thowers her bounties fall 
Like hf&ven's indulgence^ and defcetid on ^U, 
Secui^ the happy, Cuccqut the diiiieil, 
Wake every fybjeft gi^d^ 4iid a whole people bleft. 

Thus would I fain Britanria's wars rehearie^ 
In the Tmooth records of a faithful verfe ; 
That, if ^ch nunisbers can o'er time prevail, 
Miy tdl polterity the wondrous taJe* 
When anions, unadorn'dj are fatnt and weak. 
Cities and counQies muft be taiight to fpeakj 
Gods may dcfcend in fafttons from the iklcs^' 
And rivera from their oozy beds arife i 
Fiftion may deck the tryth with fpurious rays, 
Aod round the hero call a borrowed bbze. 
Marlborough's exploits appear divinely brlghtj 
And proudly thbc in their own native light; 
Rois'd of themfdveSi their genuine charms they boaH, 
Aisd thofe who paint them trueft praife them moil, ' 






FROM Vice's Aiperfiaous cares enlarged. 
His debt of human toil difcharg^d. 
Here Cowley lies I beneath this ihe4> 
To every worldly intereft dead j 
With clecent jM>verty content. 
His hours of eafe not idly fpent^ 
To fortune's goods a foe profeft. 
And hating wealth by all careft. 
*Tis true he 's dead ; for oh ! how fmall 
A fpot of earfh-is now his ail ; 
Oh ! wiih that earth m^y lightly lay. 
And every care be far away 5 
Bring flowers j the ftort-^liy'd rofes1}ring9 
To life deceasM, fit offering : 
And fwcets around the poet ftrow, 
Whilft yet with life his aihes glow* 



P O E M A T A. 


^trof, "f T J G inter coryios, umbrofa cucummSf 

-^ ^ denfaar 
Koft csntare pares quoniam convenimuB ambo, 
DJcamuB Jaudea htroum (ut^ Mopfe^ fokmus) 
Tcjupoia tranfibunt fie i^ta cancntibus^ & nunc 
Die age, <}uos noflxo celebrad carmine fumeft. 

Mvpfus^ Tityrcj nunc redd&ntur d$ pia munera 
Otia qui dedcrint nobis ptacidansique qnietem ^ 
Scilicet illorum^refbnent encomia fylvEj 
Qui dignaban tur regni f ul ci re mi nas , 

T, Tanta haud conveniunt humili tenni^uc cicut^f 
Sed quoniam in magnis^ dicunt, voluiflie lat cite \ 
Ipfe tuu^ Gulielmot canam kudcfque Mari^ ; 
Kam, qucB iunxit anior, newio (ejungtire debet. 

M. Tunc mihi Phcebc favc^ Mufxque favctc cani^ntif- 
He culpa ingenii illorum min^jantur honoresv 

T* Aft cgw uec Phoebum curoj Phccbive forores,. 
Canmna namqite mihi cedit nunc Icmnia, c^n^ntl^ 

F 3 M. 

' TTiefe verfe* occafiooed Mr. Adiifon'« being 
^iofUd tfiio Magdalen Cdlege. 


M Sint licet illuftri proavoriim ftemmate clari, 
iuut inagls oinati propriis virtutibus ambo. 

T. Si Rex e(l regit immanes qui pe6^oris a?(lus ; 
Turn quot Regna tenet Gulielmus i quotque Maria! 

M» Inclytus hic Mavors, faplens hacc altera Palla&, 
Vulnerat ille amiis, forma fed vulnerat ilia. 

T. Quando vlas Pelagi tafvtartinty mok ftiperbnia 
^uftulit ad nubes mare fe, failuquc tumebat. 

M, Quando tellurem tetigerunt. Arcades omne^ 
Pani Deo Arcadiac tenerum ma6lavimas agnum* 

T. Tunc iterun) totus refbnat modulamine camptiSf 
Mifcent paih}res iterura nyraphaeqne choreas. 

Af . Laetus gramincis lufit tunc agnus in agrif^ 
Floribus atqMC novis hcedi iniiluere petulci. 

T. Qttantu$ crat vi£^or Gnliclmus, quando popcUi 
Vicit corda, hoftes vicit, vicitque feipfum ! 

A/. Participat fponfi virtutem & regna Maria, 
Digna tribus Regnis, & tanto digna Marito. 

T. Primus hic imperio, nulli eft virtute feoradas. 
Sic foly quam ftellx, majori luce refulget. 

ilf. Sed qualis ftellas micat inter luna minores. 
Talis, cum cin^ eft fociis, Regina videtur, 

T. At qux nos iilis nunc, Tityre, digna prccenmi^, 
Ludcre qui pecori, pecorifque dedere ciagiftris ? 
Af. iScemam inveniam, quam donavere* quictem I 
T. £t Icro coekx exoraet lidua utnimque ! 

JosEPMUS ADDtsOKt Ccmmcn61i< c Csii. Rrg. 


C 7X ] 




CUM tanta auribus tuis obftrepat vatum nequifll- 
monim turba, nihil eft cur queraris aliquid inufl- 
tatum dbi contigiflc, ubi praeclarum hoc argumehtum 
meis etiam numeris violatum confpexeris. Quantum 
Tirtute beliica praeftant Britanni, recens ex rebus geflis 
tefbitor gloria ; qoam Tero in humanioribus pacis ftudiis 
non emineamus^ indicio funt quos nuper in lucem 
cmifimus vcrficuii. . Quod fi CoNGREVius iJle 
tnus dJTinoy quo folet, furore correptus matenam 
banc non exomafTet, vix tanti e/Tet ipfe pax^ uc 
ilia Ixtaremur tot perditidimis poetis tarn mifere dc- 
cantata. At, dum alios infe^^or^ mei ipdus obiitus 
faiflTe videor, qui baud minores forfan ex Latinis tib» 
ir.oleftias allaturus Aim, quam quas illi ex vemaculis 
luis carrainibus attulerunt; nifi quod inter ipfos cru- 
ciatus lenimentum aliquod dolori tribuat tormenti va- 
rietas. Nee quidern unquam adduci pofl'em, ut poema 
pitrio fermone conrcriptum oculis tuis fubjiccrcm, qui 
i'j iilis conatibus cxteros omnes fcribcndo ncn Jiiii.u j 
u.terrej, quam favendo excitavcris. 



"'?-Co'i. JOSEPHUb ADDIbON. 



REDDITA, 1697. 

POftqoam ingens clamorque viruin, ftrq^tuiqtie 
Atque omnis belli cecidit fragor ; afpice Cxfar^ 
Quat tibi foiiciti, turba importuna^ poets: 
Munera deducunt : generofae a peflore flammae, 
Diraeque arnoorum effigies, iimulachraque belli 
Triftia diffugiant : O tandem abfifte triumphis 
Kxpletuf , penitufque animo totum excute Maitem«. . 

Non ultra ante oculos numvrofo roilite campi 
Mifcentury iblito nee fervent arva tumultu $ 
Stat circum alter qules^ curvoque innixus aratra 
Dtfcjrtat folTaty et caftra minantia callris 
Kufticut invertit, tacita formidine luftrans 
Jlorroceraque locii et funefto» ftragibus agros. 
Jamque ftiper vallum et munitnina longa virefcit 
£xpe{lnta feges, jam propugnacula cident 
Verc novo } infuetos mirabilur incola cnlmosy 
Luxurieniquc foli, et turgentem a fanguine meffem. 

Afpicis ut toto excitus nenit advena mundo 
Bcllorum invifens fedtm, et confufa ruinis 
Oppidoy et cverfot flararotnim turbine murot ^ 
Ut tiTpidof rerum Annales, triftemque laboroqk 
Inquirit feriem, attonitis ut fpe^at ocellis 
Scmirutas turres, et adhuc poUuta cruore 
yiumina, famofofquc Ormondi volnerc campos ! 

HiC| ubi faxa jacent difperfo infe^la cerebro> 

I Atque 


Atque intemiptTs hifcunt divortia murisj 
Vexillam ihtrepidus * fixit, cui tempera dudunr 
Budenfes palmse^ peregrinaque launis obumbrat. 
Ille ruens aciem in mediam, qua ferrea grando 
Sparfa fuerit circum> et plumbi denfiilimus imber^ 
Svriphuream noftem, tetrafque bitnmine nubes 
Ingreditur, crebroque rubentem fulgure fumum. ^ 
Ut vario anfra£lu, et disje6)!is undique faxis 
Moenia difcedunt, fcopulifque immane minantur 
Defuper horriHcis^ & formidabile pendent ! 

Hie peftem occultam^ & foecundas fulphure moles 
Cemere erat^ magno quas inter mota tumuitu 
Praelia fervebant j fubito cum clauftra fragore 
Horrendum difrupta ton ant, femiuftaque membra, 
Fumantefque artus, laniataque corpora lethum 
Corripit informe« et rotat ater in aethere turbo. 

Sic, poilquam Enceladi dej'ecit fulmine fratres 
Coelicolum pater, et vctuit contemnere divos- : 
Divulfam terrw faciem, ingentefqne ruinas 
Mortales ftupuere j altum hinc mirantur abefle 
Pelion, invertiquc imis radicibus Oflam : 
Hie fluvium moles inter confttfaque faxa 
Reptare, atque aliis diicentem currere ripis. 
Stant dubii, et notos montes umbrafque requirunt, 
Errore ambiguo eiufi, et novitate h)corum, 

Nempe hie Auriaci nuper vexilla fccutae 
Confluxere acies, hie, afpera corda, Britanni, 
Gcrmanuiquc ferox, et junfto foedere Belga 5 


• Honoratiflimus D. Dprninus Cutts, Baro d« 
Gowran, Sdk, 


Quique truci Boreae, ct ccelo damnatus iniquo 
Vitam agit in tenebris ; et qui dudum ore perufto 
Decolor admoti prodit veftigia Photbi : 
Undique conveniunt^ totum confcripta per orbem 
Agmina, NafTovlque latus focialibus armis 
Circumfufa tegunt, fremitufque et murmum mifcent,^ 
Tarn vario disjun6la fitu, tot difTona Unguis. 

Te tamen e mediis, * Du£tor Fortiffirae, turmis 
Exere. Tu vitam (fl quid mea carmina pofiunt) 
AccipieSy populique encomia fera futuri. 
Quern varias edo6lum artes^ ftudiifque Minervae 
Omnibus omatum, Maiti Rhedycina furenti 
Credidit invita, et tanto fe ja6lat alumno. 
Hunc nempe ardorem, atque immenfos pe£loris aefhis 
Non jubar Ar6loiimy aut noftri penuria coeli, 
Sed plaga torridior» qua fol intentius omnes 
Effundit radios, totique obnoxia Phcebo 
India progenuit, tenerifque incoxit ab annis 
Virtutem immodicam, et generofa; incendia mentis. 

Jam quoque torpentem qui infelix fufpicit Ar£lon^ 
Brumamque aeternam frigufque perambulate uiiae 
Horridus exuviis, Gulieimi ingentia fa£ta 
Defcribit fociis, puguataque in ordine bella 
Attentus numerate neque brumam aut frigora curat,. 
En I vaftos nivium traclus et pallida regna 
Deferit, imperio extremum f qui fubjicit orbem^ 
Jndigenafque hyemts, Britonumque Heroa pererrat 


' • Infig. Dom. Chriftoph, Codrington, unus ex 
Regii Satellitii Prsfedis. 

f Mofcovije Imperator. ^ 


lUQibu! taciti^ I fubeunt nunc: fuik N^iRi^rc^ 

fflia^ ntutc tardo quae fanguinc plurinia fluxit 

ȣ, nunc dubii palms mdifcr^ta Sene^. 

', facie?, et (juanta viri i qao vcrtice in atiraa 

irgit i qaali iirmat feftlgta grtlfu, 

eftaije rudii ct torvo ipcctabiJis ore ! 

c olim Akides^ imifi^nia membra Leon is 

^tus rputusj vaihi ^ molf^ fere bat ^ 

sdri ampkxu^ dextr^xnque adjimgere dextrs 

1 pcterct, te^fqu^ ingens lUccederet hoJpcs, 

unl pugnas, Giilielpie, ruas^ campofque crucntot^ 

Ipit, m venia ebyllit vividus humors 

b iBieajit crebro, et cneiitf m ferit zmitlus andor« 

)im Rjpbxos Jiofti& popnlabhur agros 
vintg 3^t ^tUblt iaultas Sai-maca prsedas. 
uU taiticn ilk procu 1 frem i tus ! Qiwe murrau in vulgt 
bffium ingeaiiirant I video cava littora circling 
or jcmigibuaj fubitlfque albefcere velis- 
ikt folvt: metu^t et in sines mi tie querelsis^ * 

bvi fecura tui, dtlifte tumentes t 

piccre in flu6his animo fufpenia, trucefque 
urgifc motan^ tardamque requirere puppimt- 
itBS tibi Cae&r adefty nee ut ante videbis 
icituin belli ftuditsi fatalia Gallo 
filia et tacitas verfantem in pe^ore pHgfia«*. 

grata qinet ct pax tranquilla yerendum 
ipofnit mkiiiA> ketofque afflavit hoaorec*. 
^t deniocircam fe pluiimus agmine miles ^. 

^ommaM biteei ! ut patriam reterefque peiiale» 
picit exultans ! pvat oilentare recentes 

yS ' AD D: I SON'S FOE M S. 

Ore cicatrices^ et.vulnera cruda, notafque 
Mucronum ih^gnes,' afflataque fulphure membra- • 
Chara ftupet conjux, reducifque incerta mariti 
Veiligat faciem ; trepida fonnidine prole» 
Stat procul, et patrios horrefcit nefcia vultus'* 
Ille graves cafus, dun-et difcrimina belli 
Enumerate tuihidifque inftaurat praelia verbis. 
Sic, poftquam in patriam foecunda beroibus Argo? 
Phr3rxeam attulerat pelkm^ lanamque rigentem- 
Expofuit Graiis, et tortile velleris aurumy. 
Navita terrificis infamia littora monftris 
Defcribity mixto fpirantem incendia fumo 
Serpcntem, vigilefque fcras, plauftmque gementes 
Infolito tauros, et anhelos igne juvencos. 

Te tamen, O quantis Gulielme erepte periclis^ 
Acoipimus reducem : tibi Diva Britannia fundit 
Plebemque et proceres : medias quacunque per urbes 
Ingrederis, crebrae confurgunt undique pompae, 
Gaudiaque et plaufus : mixto ordine vulgus euntem 
Circumftat fremitu denfo : Tibi Jupiter annum 
Serius invertit, luces mirata ferenas 
Ridet H}rems> feftoque vacat coelum omne triumpho. 
Jamque *- Nepos tibi parvus adeft, Isetoque }uvent» 
Inceffu, et blando teftatur gaudia rifu. 
Ut patrius vigor atque elati gratia vultus 
Csefareum fpirant, majeftatemque verendam- 
Infundunt puero ! ut mater formofa ferenat 
Auguftam frontem, et fublimia temperat ora t- 
Agnoico faciem an^biguam, mixtofque parentes. 


* Celfi/Iimus Princep» Dux Glbcefb:eAii&* 


TIk tu3s, GtiHdmcj acies, et triftia Wh^ 
Pagirafque itidocus d^idiim fub imtigme luiit, 
KtJBC mdignanti (imilis fugtriva pufiHae 
Tcj^ pnemit turinae, tt fallis tcrrorihus impiety 
Sfitmitque exiguum "fiflo cognomine Galium. 
Nunc fimuht turrcE, et propugnacula parva 
Nominibtjs fignat varirs ; fubi toque tumuJtu 
Seduliis in firm a 5 arcrs, ]nimikmc|ue Namurcam 
Diruk : IntercBi generofi in pe^lore flammae 
AilurguDt fenfini juveni^ notat ignk honeAas 
Purpureo fcrvorc getiasj et amlbilis horror, 

Xinh tamen Atjgufbe iminenfas in cstrmiiie |Kiinp3iC 
laftmetf in lut^os ubi vii}go tffufa cunalcs 
Tina rubcnt, variatquc infe£las purpura fordeg ? 
Qvts lapfus referet ftellaninij et MilU: coeJiinij 
Qua laceram oftcndunt redolent! a compita cha^^aIl^ 
SuJphuris eKUvlasj tubulorque bitumine caiTos ? 

En pr&cul attoni tarn video clarefcere noftcm 
Fulgorc infolito I mit iitidiqtie lucid us imber^ 
Flagramefqwe hyemes j crepitantia fidera paflira 
StiutiUant, tdtoque pluunt incendia coelo- 
Nec minus id terns VbIcsdus jmiUe fig;\iras 
Induit^ jgniTomafque feras^ ct fulgida monftra, 
Tcrribiles vifu formas 1 hk inembra Leon is 
HiJpida mentkur, Cortifque comantia flam mis 
CoUa quatiti rutilafque jubas; bic liibricus Anguent 
ludit, AibGliena, et jmilto Cbilat igne* 

L^tidam in gen tern atqtie eflFufa hxc gaudia civis 
Jam tandem fecums agii, pofitoque timore 
.£xefcet vtntoki tlafTemque per ultima mundi 



Impune educit^pelagoque liceatius errat ) 
Seu conftri^la gelu, mediifque horrentia Caneri 
Menfibus arva vklet > feu turgida maUt olenti 
Tendsre vela noto, qua thurea flamina inifcet 
^olus, et placidis perfundit odoribus auras ^ 

Vos aniu^ illuftres ]:ierQum« \unbraeque receotesj- 
Quaruin;|runca jacent et adhuc ftillantia crudis 
-CorpfH^a vulneribusy quibus haqc optahilis orbi 
Parta quif^, noodum Na^bvo abduciite vt ftro 
Fida fa^UlHb ^ A^tis ft^ate c^temris 
.Xhiaoreiih «t tjf Ques circiyp diifuAdite tju^rmas. 
iTvk^Mf Mm^ tw» nop unquam oblita Bri^annos, 
O Diva, O pc^tws mag^uQi ei^pe^are mvitum, 
NetepwJOQimnuiD ii^vH^as., quanquam ampUus ilium 
DetineMt» Kmg^mqu^ agitrat iub vindice pacem« < 


QpA,pexietrat fgffor terrae caeca antra, raetallo 
Foecuc^a informix 'rjudibufque nit^ntia venis { 
Dtim ftupet Qccultas j^azas, nummofque futures. 
Fruit drgenti Unices, nitidun\que liquorem 5 ^ 

Qui nullo effuj&is prodit veftigia ti^6lu. 
Nee terram figno revolubilis imprimit udo, 
^ed fra^us fparfuti in globules formam ufque rotundjUB 
Servat, et in teretes lapikns fe CQlligit orbes. 
^locertum qua. fit patura, an negligat ultra 
Perficier, i.ubar et maturus inutile temnat j 
An pot^i^s |Q|i$ Y^ imperfe^a relinquat 



Argentum male cofhim, divitiafque iuentes ; 
Quicquid'cHt, magno fe jaftat nobilis ufu j 
Nee Dens efFuifit magis afpe^labiiis oiim. 
Cum Danaen flavo circura pfetioAi* ami^ 
Ambiit, et gr atam fuadente libidine formaniy 
Depluit irriguo Hquefa6^um Numen in Auro. 

Quin age, fiime tiibum fragiiem, cui deniior a«r 
Exclufus j'fando vitri iiibfidat in imo 
Argenti ftagnum ; ixt pluvia impendente metallxsm 
Mobile defcendat, vel contra, ubi poftulat aeiUs, 
Prodeat Hinc liquor emergens, et rurfus inane 
Occupet afoenfti, tubulumque excm'rat in omnem* 

Jam cceli ^ciem tempeftatefque futuras 
Confcia lympha monet, brtunamque et frigora narrat. 
Nam quotie$ liquor infurgit, vitreoqqe canali 
Sublatum nequennt ripae cohibere priores ; 
Turn Isetos fperare dies licet, arva fatentur 
^ftatem, et large difRiIb lumine rident. 
Sin fefe immodicum attoilens argenteus bumoi:) 
£t nimiimi opprefius, contendat ad ardua vitri. 
Jam fitiunt herbae, jam fuccos iiamma feraces 
Excoquit, et languent confumto prata virore. 

Cum vetx> tenues nebulas fpiracula teniae 
' Fundunt, et madidi fluitant iiiper sequora furni^ 
Pabula venturae pluviae ; turn fufile pondus 
Inferiora petit j nee certior ardea cc3elos 
Indicat humentes, medias quando aetheris eras 
Tranando, craflfa fmitur fublimius aura, 
Difcutit et raadidis rorantia nubila pennis. 
Nunc guttae agglomerant, difperfas frigora ftipant 

t Particulas, 


Particulas, ranifque in nimbum cogitur humor c 
Prata virent, fegetem foecundis imbribus aether 
Im'gat, et bibuke radici alimenta miniibrat. 
Quin ubi pkis aequo defcendcns uda metaUi 
Fundum auauit» impatiens pluviae, metuenfqueprocellaaiy 
Agficolae^caveaat; noo hoc ixnpane colonut, 
Ai'picit ; oftendet mox fceta vaporibus aura 
Colle6las hyemes, tempeftatemque fonoram. 
At licet argentum mole incumbente levatum 
Subfidaty penitufque imo fe condat in alveoy 
•Csetera quaeque tument ; everiis flumina ripis 
-Expatiata ruunt, fpumantibus aeftuat undis 
Diluvium, rapidique efFufa iicentia pond. 
•Nulla tacet fecreta poli mirabiie vitniniy 
Quin varios coeli vultus et tempora prodit. 
Ante referty quando tenui velamine tutus 
IncedeSy qtiando fperabis frigidus igaem. 

Augurio hoc fretus, quanquam atri nubila coeH 
Dirumpunt obfcura diem, piuviafque minanturi 
Machifia fi negtt, et fudum ppomittat apertum^ 
Audax carpat iter nimbo pendente viator j 
Nee metuens imbrem, pofcentes meffor ariftas 
Proftemat : terrae jam bruma incumbit inenniSy 
£rigui9qtie baud nocitttfa> cadamt^ feriuntque.pwatos. 

n T r M A I O.. 

I 81 ] 



PENNATAS acies, et lamentabile bellum 
Pygmaeadum rcFero : parvas tu, Mufa, cohortts 
Inftnie 3 tu gladios, mortemque minantia roftra, 
OiFenfofque Gnies, indignantefque pufillam 
Militiam celebra; vdtucrumquehominumquetumultus. . 

Heroum ingentes animos et triftia bella 
Pieridum labor exhanfit, verfuque fonoro 
Ju/fit et aetfirna numeronim afliirgere pompa : 
Quis le£los Graium juvenes, et torya tuentem ^ 

Theiea, quis pcdibus velocem ignorat Achillem ? 
Quem dura ^neae certamlna, quern Gulielmi 
Gella latent ? Fratres Thebani, et flebile fatuin 
Pompeii quem non delaflavere legentem ? 
Primus ego intaftas acies, gracilemque tubarum 
Carmine depingam fonitum, nova caftra fecutus j 
Exiguofque canam pugiles, Gruibufque malignos 
lleroas, nigrifque ruentem c nubibus hoftem. 

Qu^a foiis tepet ortu, primitiilque diei 
India I'jeta rubet, medium inter inhofpita faxa 
(Per placidam vallera, et paucis accefla vireta) 

G Pygmxum 


Pygmaeum quondam fteterat, dum fata fincbant, 
Inipeiium. Hinc varias vitam excoluere per artes 
Seduli, et afliduo fervebant arva popello. 
Nunc f) quis dura evadat per faxa viator, 
Dcfcrtofque lares, et valles oflibus albat 
Exiguis videty et reftigia parva ftupefcit, 
Defolata tenet viftrix impune volucris 
Regna, et fccuro crepitat grus improba nida: 
Non fic, dum muitos ftetit infuperabilis annos 
Parvula progenies ; turn, fi quu cominus ales 
Congredi, et inimixts auderet fe credere pugnae. 
Miles atrox adcrat, fumptifque feroculus armis 
Sternit humi volucrem moribundam, humerifquercportat 
Ingentem praedam ; caefoque epulatur in hoftc. 
Satpe improvifas maftabat, faepe juvabat 
Diripere aut nidum, aut ulcifci in prole partntenu 
Nempe larem quoties multa conftruxerat arte, 
Aut uteri pofuiflet onus, volucremque futuram^ 
Continuo vultu fpirans immane minaci 
Omnia vaftaret miles, foetufque necaret 
Immeritos, vitamque abrumperet imperfeiElaniy 
Cum tepido nondum maturuit hoftis in ovo. 

Hinc cauise iranim, bella hinc, faulia bella, 
Atque ftcies letho intentae, volucrumque virumqne 
Commifla ftrages, confufaque mortis imago. 
Non tan'tos nmtus, nee tarn memorabile bellum, 
Maeonius quondam fublimi carmine yates 
Luiit I ubi totam ftr^ituque armifque paludem 
Mifcuit t hie (yifu miierabile 1) corpora oiurum 
Sparfa jacent juncis transfixa, hie gutture rauco 

5 K«Ba 

nrrMAio-rEjAUoMAtiA. «j 

Hana dolet, pedibui^ue abfciflb poplite ternxi 
■Keptat humiy foiitis nee fefe faitibus efFert. 

Jamque dies PjgmKO aderat, quo tempore oefi 
Poenituit foetus, inta6^aque maiait ora. 
Nam fuper his accenfa graves exarfit in iras 
'Oras ftomachans^ omnefque (imiii,qua8 Strymonis Iitt4^ 
Ant ftagnum Mareoddisy imi aut uda C&yin 
Frata tenent, adfuat $ Scy thicaq^e excita paliide, 
£t conjurato volBcris defcendit ab Iftrp. 
Strage^ue immenfas et vulnera cogitat abiens, 
Exacuhque ungues i£hmi meditata futnrQm» 
£t roftnuB parat acre, fugaeque accommodat alas* 
Tantus amor belli, «t Ttndi^ae arrefhi cupido. 
JBrgo ubi teriM^his proprium, fufpenfus in alto 
Aere concuflis exercitus obftrepit alis, 
Terraeque immenibs trafhis, -femotaque longe 
iEquora defpiciunt, Boreamque et nubil^ tranant 
•Innumeri-: «rebro circum ingens flu6luat astber 
Flamine, et ailiduus mifcet caelum omne tumultus. 

Nee minor in terris motus, dum bella faceflit 
Impiger, inftituitque agmen, firmatque phalangas, 
£t fiirit arreptis animofus homuncio teiis : 
Donee turma duas compofta excurrat in alas, 
Ordinibufque frequens, et marte inftru6la perito. 

Jamque acies inter medias fefe arduus infert 
Pygmsedum du6lor, qui majeftate verendus 
InceflEbque gravis reliquos fupereminet omnes 
Mole gigaatea, mediamqixe aflfiirgit in tilnam. 
Tonrior afpeflu (boftilis nam infculpferat unguis 
Oi« cicatrices) vultuque oftentat honefta 

G % Roftrorrim 


Kcflroir-i iigna, et crudos in pe61ore morfus. 
I:7;:-:,r:ii t.'.io, aferniirue exercuit iris 
^vli'-.i 'n rer.tem, non ilium impune volucris 
j\v\ c-c, iiiit pedibus peteret confifus aduncis. 
>:ita!c.n ouolies Gruibus di(h-inxerat enfem, 
TruncavAque alas, celerique fugam abftulit hoftij 
Quot fecit ftrages ! quae nudis funera pullis 
Intulit, bcu I quoties implevit Stryrnona fletu ! 

j:imc;ue procul fonus auditur, piceamque volantuai 
Prc^rpcciant nubtm bellumque hoftefque ferentem. 
Cixbrelcit tandem, atque oculis fe plurimus oiFert 
Ordinibus ftruftus variis exercitus ingcns 
Alituum, motifque eventilat aera pennis. 
Turba polum replet, fpecieque immanis obumbrat 
Agmina Pygmaeorum, et denfa in nubibus haeret : 
Nunc dcnfa, af patriis mox reddita rarior oris. 
Belli ardent ftudio Pygma^i, et lumine faevo 
Sufpiciimt hoftem ; nee longum tempus, et ingens 
Turba Gruum horrifico ^efe fuper agmina lapfu 
Pra^cipitat gravis, et bellum fperantibus infert : 
Fit fragcr; avulfae volitant circum aera plumae. 
Mox defcfla iterum levibus fefe eripit»aJis, 
Et vires reparata iterum petit impete terras. 
Armorum pendet fortuna : hie fixa volueris 
Cufpidc, fanguineo fek furibunda rotatu 
Torquet agens eircum, roftrumque intendit in hoftem 
Imbelle, et curves in morte reeoUigit ungues. 
Pygmaei hie lUllat Jentus de vulnere fanguis, 
Singultufque ciet'crebros, pedibufque pufillis 
Tundit humum, et moriens ungueme^ecraturacutum* 

njrrMAio-rEPANOAiAxii*. 85 , 

^ftuat omne folura ftrepitii, tepidoque rubellit 
Sanguine, Iparguntiir gladii, Iparguntur et alae, 
Unguefque et digiti, commiftaque roftra lacertis. 

Pygmaeadum fasvity mediifque in millibus ardet 
Duftor, quem late hinc atque hinc peveuntia cingunt 
Corpora fufa Gruum ; mediaque in moite vacatur. 
Nee plaufu alarum, nee roftri concidit i6lu. 
Ille Gruum terror, ilium denfiflima circum 
Mifcetur pugno, et bellum omne laborat in uno : 
Cum, fubito appulfus (fic Di voluere) tumultu 
Ex inopino ingens et formidabilis ales 
Comprcndit pedibus pugnantem j et (trifte relatu) 
Suftulitin cctlum; bellator ab unguibus h^eret 
Pendulus, agglomerat ftrepitu globus undique denfus 
Alituum ; fruftra Pygmaei luraine mcefto 
Regem ijater nubes lugent, folitoque minorem 
Heroem afpiciunt gruibus plaudentibus efcam. 

Jamque recrudelcit bellum, ginis defuper urget 
Pyginaeum roftro, atque hoftem petit ardua raorfu j 
Turn fuglt alta volans j is furfum brachia ja^Slat 
Vulneris impatiens, et inanes faevit in auras. 
Talis erat belli facies, cum Pclion ing<^s 
Mitteret in coelum Briareus, foJioque tor]antem 
Praecipitem excuteret ; fparguntur in a&tliere toto 
Fulminaque fcopulique : flagraatia tsh. deorfum 
Torquentur Jovis a£la manu, dum vafta gigahtum 
Corpora fuia jacent, femiultaque fulphure fumant. 

Viribus abfumptis penitus Pygmcia tandem 
Agraina languefcunt ; ergo pars vertere terga 
Honibili pcrculfa raetu, pars tollerc vocem 

G 3 Exi uam j 


ExigTiam j late populus cubitalis oberrat. 
Inftaat a tcrgo voiucre^, lacerartque trahuntque 
ImmiteSy certae gentem cxtiqpazr nefaiuiaiiu 

Sic Pygnuea domus multos domuiata per afiiios> 
Tot bellis defun^b^ gnram tot larta triumpkis, 
Funditns intenit : nempc cxitus omnia tandem 
CertQS rrgna manet, funt certi deniqoe finesy 
Quos ultra traniire nefas : Lc cormit olim 
yVfTyria^ imperium, ^ magnx Perfidis imis 
Sedibus everfum eft, ct majas utroque Latinmn. 
Elyfit vailes nunc agmine luftrat inani^ 
Et vetenim Heroum mifcetur grandibus nmbris 
PIcbf parva t aut, fi quid £dei mereatur anilis 
Fabula^ paftores per no^is opaca puiillas 
Saepe yident ombrat y Pygmaeos corpore caflbs.. 
Pum fecura groum^ et veteres obJita labores^ 
Lxtitiae penitut vacat, xndulgetque choreis^ 
Anguftofque tent cailes, viridefque per orbes 
Turba leyit falit^ et lemurum cognomine ga\id^»r 



Xy G R E G I G S fuci traftus, calamfqoc hbores,. 
^— ' Surgentefque hominum formas, ardentiaque ont 
Judicis, et fimulachra modis pallentia mins> 
Terdbilcni vifu pompam^ tu carmine Muia 



Psmde noYO> vatique facros accende furores* 

Olim planitiein (quam nunc foecunda colorum 
Inilgnit pi^ura) inhonefto et fimplice cultu 
Veftiit albedo^ fed ne rima ulla priorem 
. Agnofcat faciem^ mox fundamenta futurae 
Subftravit pi6lor tabulae, humoremque fequacem 
Per muros traxit j velamine moenla craffo 
Squalleat obdu£la, et rudioribus illita fuels. 

Utque (polo nondura ftellis fulgentibus apto) 
Ne fpatio moles immenia dehifcat inani, 
Per cava ccelonimy et convexa patentia late 
Ilinc atque hinc interfufus fluitaverat aether $ 
IMpii radiantc novum torrebat lumine mundum 
Titan^ et pallens alienos mitius ignes 
Cynthia vibrabat ; crebris nunc confitus allris 
Sclntillare polus, nunc fulgor La£leus omne 
Diffluere in coelum, longoque albefcere traftu. 

Sic, opens poftquam luflt primordia pi6^or, 
Dum fordet paries, nullumque fatetur Apellem, 
Cautius exercet calamos, atque arte tenacem 
Confundit vifcum, fuccofque atteraperat, cranes 
Inducit tandem formas j apparet ubique 
Mnta cohors, et pifturarum vulgus inane. 

Aiigeris muri vacat era fuprema miniftris, 
Sparfaque per totam coeleftis turba tabellam 
Raucos infpirat lituos, buccafque tumentes 
Inflat, et attonitum replet clangoribus orbem. 
Defunftis fonus auditur, tabulamque per imam 
Fifta gravefcit humus, terris emergit apcrtis 
Progenies rcdiviva, et piurima furgit imago. 

G 4 -i^» 

88 A D D I S O N" S P O E M S. 

Sic, diim foL-cundis Cadmus dat femina fiilcis> 
Terra tumc' pra:gnan?, animataque glcba laboiiit^ 
Luxuriatur agcr I'egcte fpirante, calcicit 
Omnc folum, crefcitque virorum prodiga mefli^ 

Jam pulvis varias tcrrae difperfa per oras, 
Sive inter venas teneri concreta metalli, 
Scnfnn diriguit, feu ftfc immifcuit herbis, 
Txpiicita eft ; molem nirfus coaleicit in unam 
Civifam funus, fparfos prior alligat artu? 
Jun^lura, aptanturque iterum coeuntia membra, 
ilic nondum fpecie perfc^la refiirgit imago> 
Vultum truncata, atque inhonefto vulnere*nares 
Manca, et adhuc deeft informi de corpore multum.^ 
Paulatim in rigidum hie vita infmuata cadaver 
Motn agro vix dum redi vivos erigit artus, 
Inficit his horror vultus, et imagine tota • 
Fnfa pel- attonitam pallet formido figuram. 

Detrahe quin oculos fpe6lator, et, ora nitentem 
Si powrint perfeire diem, medium infpice murum,. 
Qua fede torta Deo proles, Deus ipl'e, fereno 
Lu:uine perfufbs, radiil'que infperfus acutis. 
Circum tranquillae funduntur tempora fiammae, 
Regius ore vigor fpirat, nitet ignis oceiiis, 
Plurimaque effulget majeftas numine toto. 
Quantum dillimilis, quantum o ! mutatus ah illo, 
Qu^i peccata luit cruciatus non lua, vitam 
Quando lu^antcm cunftata morte trahebat ! 
Sed fr^ftra volult dcfun^lum Golgotha numen 
Conderc, dum vl\5la fatorum lege triumphaivi 
Nativum in-tiit caelum, et fuper xthera vevlus 



Ddpexit hunm eziguaiiiy folemque miBornn. 

Jam latat cffiaflbm, et palmas oftendlt utnfqiie^ 
Vnlnufque infixmn pede, davorumque receptau 
Signs, ct tnuifiifti quondam veftigia ferri. 
Umbre hue fielicet tendniity numcroiaque caloa 
Tuba petunt, alque immortalia dooa capefliint. 
Matits, ct longae nunc reddita corpora vitm 
Io£uiiiim, juTcaet, pueri, innnptaeque puellx 
Stant dccum, atque avidos jubar immortale bibentes 
Afigunt ocnlos in nuinine : landibus mthir 
Intonate cc Jacto ridet ccehim ooiiic trium^o. 
Hit amor impatiens cdncqiCaqoe gandia menfem 
Fonititttt cmgkanty imoque in peftore fervent*^ 
N«n cque cmltat flagiaBtt corde Sibylla, 
Hofpiti com tnmiBt inclufo, et prccordia ientifr* 
Mbti Dei ftimnlit, nimioque calentia Pho^. 

Quit tanKa ille novua perihringit iomina fulgor ? 
Quam Mitra effigiem diftinxit pi6^ory honefto 
Surgentcm e tumulo, alatoque fatellite fultam > 
Agnofco facieoiy vultu latet alter in illo 
• Wainfietusy fie ille oculos, fie ora ferebat : 
Ehtu quando aniini par invenictur imago ! 
Quando alium fimilem virtus habitura !— 
liftti injiocuas fiscurus numinis iras 
Ai'picit, impavidolque in judice figit ocellos. 

Quia age, et horrentem commixtis igne tenebris 
}'jn vidcas fcenam j multo hie Ib-gnantia t'uco 
Mirnia fiagrantem liquefa^o fulphure rivum 
Fir^unt, et falfus tanta arte accenditur i^^nis, 


* Coll. Magd. Fundatcr. 


Ut toti metuas tabulae, ne flamma per omne 
Livida ferpat opus, tenuefque abfumpta rccedat 
Piflura in cineres, propriis peritura favillis. 
Hue turba infelix agitur^ turpifque videri 
Infrendet dentes, et nigis contrahit ora« 
Vindex a terg;o implacabile faevit^ et enfem 
Fulmineum vibrans acie flagrante; fceleftoft 
Jam Paradifeis iteram depellit ab oris. 
Heu I quid agat triftis ? Quo fe coeleftibus iris 
Subtrahat ? O I quantum vellet nunc sethere in alto 
Virtutem colere ! at tandem fufpiria ducit 
Nequicquam, et fero in lacrymas efFunditur j obftaat 
Sortes non revocandae, et inexorabile numen. 

Quam varias aperit veneres piftura 1 pcriti 
Quot calami legimus veftigia I quanta coloram 
Gratia fe profert I tales non difcolor Iris 
Oflfendat, vario cum lumine floridus imber 
Rore nitet toto, et gutta fcintillat in omni. 

O fuci nitor, O pulchri durate colores ! 
Nee, piftura, tusB languefcat gloria formss, 
Dum lucem videas, qualem exprimis ipfa, foprtmam. 

S P H iE R I S T E R I U M. 

HIC ubi graminea in latum fek explicat aequor 
Planities, vacuoque ingens patet area campo. 
Cum folem nondum fumantia prata fatentur 
Exortum, et tumids pendent in gramine guttap, 
Improba ^Ix no6Hs parva incrementa prions 



DcTccst, exigtiam radens a cefpite mefTcm 
Tarn motn aiFidua faxiiin vcdkciJe terra m 
Dtprimit C3ii lantern, et furgentes atterit h( 
ligiiiea pcrc^iiTurn vcn^antcm turba pal ae ft jam 
Unfiaj niUns oleo, fontiEe qui bust efle rotum 
Aniticis ferrum detkrat, faciJilijue mover 
He tamcn citl^ndant in^^Titi errQue g Inborn i^ 
^stqne fmsi incifa notjs ftat fphscir*! fed tinm 

11 Jlaii£ mlt, qus infufo 

B*?ettitiir in gfvoR^ rt if 

f ((cm alii diverf* placet 
tlcnsbca yisj motuque 
Podquam tdeo in pai 
Coajjttma, aut fbrs i q 
Evdiat orbicyla*t qua i 

L Adignat ^ jaHique kgt 

r'^ccrt3jncainit, fphs 


fiiie accingityr amjj*, 
a futurum 

t pnmamj 
lit, at ilia 

laiiter ciFufa, eitiguura qiiod ?3tjci£ in orbem^ 
Iidit itKTj donee ^nfim primo impete fcflb 
iiib£ftat J Aibito globus cmicat alter et alter. 

Mox ubi funduntur late agmina crcbra mjnortnf 
ffmfa per orbiculum, ftipantquc frequently raetam^ 
Atque itegajit faciJes adk\i$| jam cautiu$ exlr^ 
Ie Imtcr fcfe infinuat nvdubile lignum. 
At fi forte glubum, qui mifit, fpeftat inertem 
Serpei-e, et iJupreflum fubito languefctre motum^ 
Foae urget fphxne? veftigia, ct anxius inilar, 
Objurgatque mora»^ currrntique imminet orb^ 
Atqiic ut fcgnis honos dottrac fervetur, iniquant- 
bcuikt teiranii ac Aitgcntem m marmore nodum. 




X:c lifjs tsc-uere, globus cum vclvitur iftui 
JSrj.m jac;ij, aut nirr.iiim veLcii;ia j^iumbum 
Ailicit, ct iphaeram a reclo irah:t inilta virtus. 
Turn qui projecit, ftrepitus eSundit inanes, 
£ty variam in fpeciem diftorto corpore, faifos 
Increpat crrores, et dat convitia ligno. 
Spliaera fed, iranim teir.nens ludibria, coeptum 
Fergit Iter, nullilqiie movetur fiirda querelis. 

Ilia tainen laudes iummumque meretur honorem, 
Quic ncn dinimpit curfum, abfiilitque moveri. 
Donee turbam inter crebrara diiapfa fupremum 
Perfccil ftadium, et metae inclinata recumbit, 
Holtis at haerentem orbiculo detrudcre fphaeram 
Certat, luminibulque viam fignantibus omnes 
Intendit vires, et mifiiie fortiter urget: 
Kvolat addu£lo Kon fegnis Iphaera lacerto. 

Haud ita profiliens Eleo carccre pernix 
Auriga invchitur, cum raptus ab axe citato 
Currcntcfque domos \idel, ct fugitniia tecla. 

Si taiiien in duros, obdruiia latellite multo, 
Inipingat iocios, confundatque orbibus orbes| 
Turn fcrvet bilis, fortunam damnat acerbam, 
At(jue dcos atquc aftra vocat crudelia— 

Si vcro incurfus faciles, aditumque patentem 
Inveniat, partoque boftis fpolietur honore : 
Turba fremit confufa, Ibnifque trequentibus, euge,^ 
Exclamant focii j plauAi ftrcpit omne viretum. 

Inlcrca fefTos inlmico Sirius aftro 
Corripit, ct fallas cxudant corpora guttas; 
tenia jam Z<}>hyri Tpirantcs frigora, ut umbrae 
.Captantur, vuituquc fiucn: a'->(^crgitur humor* 


A D 
JU D. H A N N E S, 


OQIJI canom blandius Orpheo 
Votile duels carmen J cr esitu 
Fdtciore iu^uoCs 
Sxpe animiim revacas ab umbris^ 
Jam feu iblutos in numerum pedes 
Co^is, vt\ xg^rum ct vix ammss tenaic 
Corpti^ tuens, fi;u cadaver 
Luirjoibus penetra^ ncutis j 
0^U£ reiinquens m|je te morse, 
Ff^iitemquc cons Jblicitam r^f plica, 
I ScTpliurnqtie^ jucundus rtt[tiiiie 
P Furpureo gravidum Ly^a. 
Mdc plena TTiagtti pot: 11 la pqlhifeg 
^ItniDr Wiihdmi, nunc moveat {Itim 
Mif\l(^tT ingeiis, imperique 
Pf^lidium baud leve, Montacutusj 
Oatttc tandem trille negotiutn , 

Otavelque CTiras, beu nimium plus 1 
Btc caeteros cautiib mcdcri 
Ipic rwam mititias falut«?in, 
llidira cruorrm pulfibus incites 
Cbolliefiiem polMcr com prim is, 
Attenms f atptorarc venam 
<}g«r febria'eKagitct tum^Btem ; 


Fruftra liquores.quot chemica expedit 
Fornax, et error fangninis, et vigor 
lanatus herbis te fatigant : 
Serius aut citius fepulchro 
Debemur omnes, vkaque deferet 
Expulfa morbis corpus inhofpitum, 
Lentumque deflebunt nepotet 
(Relliqttias animae) cadaver. 
JManes videbis tu quoque fabulas 
Quos pauciores fecerit ars tua | 
Suiimque vifterem viciilim 
Subjiciet libitina yi£krix. 
Decurrit ill! vita beatior 
/Quicunque lucem non nimis anxiut 
Reddit moleftam, urgetque curas 
SpoDte fua fatis ingruentes ^ 
£t quern dier4im lene fluentium 
Dele6lat ordo, vitaque mutuis 
Felix amicis, gaudiifque 
Innocuis benct temperata* 


I 95 1 



ADMIRANDA cano levium fpe6hum^a rcnim, 
Exiguam gentem, et vacuum fine mente popellumi 
<2!ieiny non furreptk coeli de fornice flammis, 
Innocua mclior fabricaver^t arte PxometheuB. 

Compita qua lifu fervent^ glomeratque tumultum 
Hiftrioy deledatque inhiantem fcommate ttirbanii 
<2uotquot laetltiae ftudio aut novitate tenentur, 
Undique congreffi permiiTa fedilia complent. 
Nee confufus honos ; nummo fubfellia cedunt 
Diverfo, et varii ad pretium ftat copia fcamni. 
Tandem ubi fubtrahitur velamen, lumina pafiim 
Anguftos penetrant aditus, qua plurima vifum 
Fila fecant, ne, cum vacuo datur ore feneftra, 
Pervia fraus pateat : mox ftridula turba penates 
Ingreditur pi£bos, et moenia fquallido fuco. 
Hie humHes inter fcenas, anguftaque clauftra, 
<2uicquid agunt homines^ concurfus, bella^ triumphos^ 
JLudit in exiguo piebecula parva theatro. 

Sed praeter reliquos incidit Homuncio rauca 
Voce ftrepcns ; major fubne£bit fibula veftem, 
£t rcferunt vivos errantia lumina motus^ 
In Tentrem tumet immodicum j pone eminet ingent 
A tergo gibbus ; Pygmxum territat agmen 
Major, et imiBftBem miratur tiurba giga&tem* 





:i :» 


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.r. .i _.r=! 


Ti.r. ^ - 





:;r: : 

ir.-L r^iLC- 


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fii:.. 5 I. 

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r.i _r ;«i;r: 

;i-'. -. :. 1-:=-.* ..-._— li-^Lr-.rss r:z_i, r^ras 

I .*: ■. .., :t . :"> I*: I p::^.i, ^;'-".? 

Mi't- ti*:.: : ^.tiTusi hie i'jcj-s itm rsraccs 

(.', r '.:;». % . n r^ '.. ! : 2:n j- ■- b r r. :I i ^-"in-ni :";: rcust 
l.ux'jrit/r, tenerirque virticit circtiius herbis. 

At nor. tmnquiibs nulla abdu.:t nubiia luces, 
iiarjjc ;-.rivi furgunt birila, hoirMa bsila tuniultu. 
Arnia cicnt trucuicnta cohors, piacidanique quieteia 
DiiwiTiputit pugnx} uique adeo inllnctra voluptas 
Omnibi!*;, ct iniitie caltigant gaudia curx. 
Tsun'gladij^ tubulique ingello fulphure foeti 



Protenfseque hafbe, fulgentiaque arma, minaeque 
Telorum ingentes ftibeunt ; dant clauftra fragorem 
Horretidum> ruptsr fliidente bitumine chartae 
Confufos reddunt crepitus, ct fibila mifcent, 
Stemitur omne folum pcreuntibus 5 undique cntfae 
Apparent turmae, civilis crimina belli. 

Sed poftquam infanus pugnae deferbuit K&un, 
Exuerintque truces animos, jam maite fugato, 
Diverfas repetunt artes> curafque priores. 
Nee raro prifci heroes, quos pagina facra 
Suggerit, atque olim pepeiit felicior aetas. 
Hie parva redeunt fpecie. Cano ordine cernas 
Antiquos prodire, agmen venerabile, patres. 
Rugis fulcantur vultus, prolixaque barbae 
Canities mento pendet : fie tarda fene^lus 
Fithbnum minuit, cum moles tota cicadam 
nduit, in gracilem fenfim colIe£la £guram. 
Tunc tamen unde genus ducat, quae dextra latentes 
ippeditet vires, quern pofcat turba moventem, 
cpediam. Truncos opifex et inutile lignum 
<git in humanas fpecies, et robore natam 
>geniem telo efFormat, nexuque tenaci 
ira ligat pedibus, humerifque accommodat armos, 
nembris membra aptat, ct artubus infuit artus. 
\c habiles addit trochleas, quibus artepufiUum 
It onus, molique manu famulatus inerti 
:it occultos motus, vocemque miniilrat. 
'irufta auxiliis jam machina tota peritos 
dit fulcoi, duri et veftigia ferri : 
falit, atque agili fe fublevat incita mdtu, 
\ue cmittit tenues, et non fua verba, 

H An 





NON ufitatum carminis alitem, 
Bumette, pofcis, non humiles jnodof : 
Vulgarc pleflnim, languidsque 
Refpuis officium camoenae. 
Tu mixta rerum femina confcius, . 
Alolemque cemis difTociabileniy 
Terramque concretara, et lateatcm 
Oceanum gremio capaci : . 
Diim veritatem quserere peitinax 
Ignota pandisy foliicitns parum 
Utcunqueftet commune vulgi 
Arbitrium- et popularis error. 
Auditur ingens continue fragor, 
Illapfa tellus lubrica deferit 
Fiindamina, et compage frafta 
Suppofitas gravis urget undas. 
Impulfus erumpit medius liquor. 
Terras aquarum efFufa licentia 
Claudit viciflim ; has inter orba 
Relliquiae fluitant prioris^ 
Nunc et reclufo carcere lucidam "* 
Balaena fpeftat Iblis imaginem, 
Stellafque miratur nutantes, 
Et tremulae fimulacra lunse. 
Quae pompa vocum non imitabilis ! 
Qualis calefcit fpiritus ingeni ! 



%3t tail is vmJas ! vt frementcm 

Dltuvii reprimis mmuituni I ^ 

(Juis tarn valti^ti pcftoie ferrous 
Uc non tremirccns et limido |ieik 

Inced^c, orbis dum doiall 

Quit! huec i;adentum fnigjnina motitium 
Nanj-ra vultum fumerfe rimpHccm 
Coget rcfingenji, in ] 
Mox iterum rcditt t* 

MtmbU rubcntem rulpih ni ^ 

Ccmas J ut udb faevit -i^i 

Incendii^, comitiune 
£t populis medlitai 
Ktidus Ji^iientcs pjorai *$, 

Et moat Hqudcens jpft rut 

Fundh CACumenp du iiiis 

Saxti fluuRt refolu tcs> 

Jamque alta coeli nicenia comiutit, 
El Vv.^^ i^iidem pagina (proh nefas !) - '- 

Burnette, veftra augebit ignes, 
Heu focio perituro mundo. 
Mox xqua tellus, mox fubitus viror 
Dbique rident : En teretem globum I 
En laeta vernantcs Favont 
Flamina^ perpetuofque flores ! 
pedhis ingens ! O aiiimum gravem, 
Mundi capacera ! fi bonus auguror, 
Tc, noftra quo tcllus fuperbit, 
Accipict renovata civem, 


[ 100 J 


HORACE, Book Ul. Ops IIT. 

Auguftus kad a defign to rebuild Tray and make it 
the metropolis of the Roman empire^ having clo* 
feted feveral fenators on the proje6l: Horace is 
fuppofed to have written the following ode on this 

THE man refolvM and fteady to his truft. 
Inflexible to ill, and obftinately juft, 
May the rude rabble's iniblence defpife. 
Their fenfelefs clamom's and tumultuous cries $ 
The tyrant's fiercenefs he beguiles. 
And the ftern brow, and the harfli voice defies> 
And with fuperior greatnefs fmiles. 

Not the rough whirlwind, that deforms, 
Adrians black gulf, and vexes it with ftorms. 
The ftubbom virtue of his foul can move j 
Nor the red arm of angry Jove, 

That flings the thunder from the flcy, j^ 

And gives it rage to roar, and ftrength to fly. 

Should the whole frame of nature round him breakf 
In ruin and confuflon hurl'd. 
He, unconcem'd, would hear the mighty cracky 
And ftand fecure amidii ^ falling world. 


HORACe> Book III. Ods TIL z#t 

Such were the godlike arts that led 
Bright Pollux to the bleft abodes; 
Such did for great Alcides plead. 
And gainM a place among the gods ; 
Where now Augufhis, mixt with heroes, lies^ 
And to his lips the ne6lar bowl applies : 
His ruddy lips the purple tinfture fhow. 
And with immortal ftains divinely glow. 

By ^s like thefe did young* Lyaeus rife ; 
His tigers drew him to the ikies $ 
Wild from the defert and unbroke. 
In vain they foamed, in vain they ftar'd,. 
In vain their eyes with fury glar'd j 
He tamM them to the lafh, and bent them to the yoke* 

Such were the paths that Rome's great founder trod. 
When in a whirlwind fnatchM on high. 
He (hook off dull mortality. 
And loft the monarch in the god. 
Bright Juno then her awfiil filence broke. 
And thus th' affembled deities befpoke. 

Troy, fays the goddefs, perjur'd Troy has felt 
The dire effe£ls of her proud t)Tant's guilt ; 
The towering pile, and foft abodes, 
Waird by the hand of fervile gods. 
Now fpreads its ruins all around. 
And lies inglorious on the ground. 
An umpire, partial and unjuft. 
And a lewd woman's impious luft. 
Lay heavy on her head, and funk her to the duil« 

Since falfe Laomedon's tyrannic fway, 
That durft defraud th' immortals of their pay, 

H3 Her 



M^r ^;uaro.l .:. ^;cds rcnounc"d tiieir patro/.a^e, 
^'."o^ ^vould v\'c Ti-jiCc invading roc repel j 
To my rei'entmcnt, and Minerva's rage. 
The cjuiky king and the whole people felL 
And now the long-protrafted wars are o'er. 
The foft adulterer (hines no more ; 
No more dees Heftor's force the Trojans fhield. 
That drove whole armies back, and fingly cleared the 
My vengeance fated, I at length refign 
To Mars his oftspring of the Trojan line ; 
AdvancM to godhead let him rife. 
And take his flation in the flcies j 
There entertain his ravilh'd fight 
With fcenes of glory, fields of light ; 
Quaff with the gods immoi-tal wine. 
And fee adoring nations croud his (hrine : 

The thin remains of Troy's affli6led hoft. 
In dillant realms may feats uncnvy'd find. 
And flourifh on a foreign coaft j 
But far be Rome from Troy disjoined, 
R.emov'd by feas, from the dilallrous fliore. 

May endlels billows rife between,and ftorms unnumbered 
Still let the curfl detefted place 

Where Priam lies, and Priam's faithlefs race. 

Be covered o'er with weeds, and hid in grafs. 

There let the wanton flocks unguarded llray j 

Or, while the lonely fhepherd fings, 

Amidft the mighty ruins play, 

And frilk upon the tombs of kings, 

a May 


HOR^ACE, Bo©K IIL Ode III. 103 

May tigers there, and all the fayage kind. 
Sad folitary haunts and filent deferts find 5 
In gloomy vaults, and nooks of palaces. 
May th' unmolefted lionefs 
Her brinded whelps fecurely lay. 
Or, coucht, in dreadful llumbers wafte the day. 

While Troy in heaps of ruins lies, 
Rome and the Roman capitol /hall rifej 
Th** illuftrious exiles unconfin'd 
Shall triumph fai; and near, and rule mankind. 

In vain the fea's intruding tide 
Europe from Afric (hall divide. 
And part the fever'd world in two : 

Through Afric's fands their triumphs they (hall fpread, ^ 
And the long train of viftories purfue 
To Nile's yet undifcover'd head. 

Riches the hardy foldiers ihall defpife. 
And look on gold with un-defiring eyes. 
Nor the disbowelM earth explore 
In fearch of the forbidden ore 5 
Thofe glittering ills, conceal'd within the mine, 
Shall lie untouch'd, and innocently ihine. 
To the laft bounds that nature fets. 
The piercing colds and fultry heats. 
The godlike race (hall fpread their arms. 
Now fill the polar circle with alarms, 
Till ftonns and tempefts their purfuits confine } 
Now fweat for conqueft underneath the line. 

This only law the viftor fliall reftrain, 
On thefe conditions (liail he reign j 

H 4 If 


If none hi$ guilty hand employ ^ 

To build again a fecond Troy, 

If none the ra(h deiign purAiey 

Nor tempt the vengeance of tiie gods anew. 

A curfe there cleaves to the devoted place. 
That fltall the new foundations rafe ; 
Greece (hall in mutual leagues confpire 
To ilorm the rifing town with fire. 
And at their armies head myfblf will ihow 
What Juno, urg'd to all her rage, can do. 

Thrice fliould Apollo's felf the city raife 
And line it round with walls of brafs, 
Tlvrice fliould my favourite Greeks his works confoi»nd> 
And hew the fliining fabric to the ground ; 
Thrice (hould her captive dames to Greece return. 
And their dead fons and (laughter'd hulbands mourtu 

But hold, my Mufe, foi'bear thy towering flighty 
Nor bring the fecrets of the gods to light : 
In vain would thy prefumptuous vcrfe 
Th' immortal rhetoric rehearfe 5 
The mighty drains, in lyric numbers bound^^ 
Forget their majefty> and lofe their found. 




** Blanda quics vi^lis furtim fubrcpit ocellis, &c.'* 

AS the fair Vcftal to the fountain came, 
(Let none be ftartled at a Veftal's name :) 
TirM with the walk, (he laid her down to reft. 
And to the winds exposed her glowing breaft. 
To take the frefhnefs of the morning-air. 
And gathered in a knot her flowing hair; 
While thus fhe refted, on her arm reclin'd. 
The hoary willows waving with the wind. 
And feather'd choirs that warbled in the ihade, 
And purling ftreams that through the meadow ftray' 
In drowfy murmurs luU'd the gentle maid. 
The God of War beheld the virgin lie. 
The God beheld her with a lover's eye 5 
And, by fo tempting an occafion prefs*d. 
The beauteous maid, whom he beheld, pofl!efs'd ;^ 
Conceiving as fhe flept, her fruitful womb 
Swelled with tbi Founder of immortal Rome. 





B O O K II. 


THE fun^s bright palace, on high columns raisM, 
With burnlfh'd gold and flaming jewels blazMj 
The folding gates diflfusM a filver light. 
And with a milder gleam refrefliM the fight j 
Of polifli'd ivory was the covering wrought : 
The matter vied not with the fculptor's thought. 
For in the portal was difplay'd on high 
(The work of Vulcan) a fictitious /ky ; 
A waving fea th' inferior earth embraced. 
And Gods and Goddeifcs the waters gmc'd. 
j^geon here a mighty whale beftrode 5 
Triton, and Proteus (the deceiving God), 
With Doris here were carvM, and all her train. 
Some loofely fwimming in the figured main, 
While fqme on rocks their drooping hair divide. 
And fome on fifties through the waters glide : 
Though various features did the fifters grace, 
A fifter's likenefs was fn every face. 
On earth a different landikip courts the eyes, 
Men^ towns, and beails, in didant profpcCls : 
Aj(ldnynipb8,and ftreams,and woods, and rural deities. 
O'er all, the heaven's refulgent image (hincs j 

On either gate were fix engraven figns. 


rife, { 

deities, j 

GVID, METAMORPH. Bo : ri. toy 

Here PkaeroDj ftill gaining on th' af« 

To lib fulpcAcd father's palace wentj ^ 

Till prefling foi*wm"d through the bright abode. 

He faw at distance the illiiftrious God ; ^ 

He faw at diltances or the dazzling light 

Had fia/h*d too ftrongly on his a king fight. ^ 

The God fits hjghj exalted on a throne 

Of blazing gem*, ^'"^ "nple garments on | 

The hours in order in; on either hand. 

And days J and mon ^** -^nd years, and ages, ft and. 

Here fpring apjpcajrs owery chaplets bound j 

Here fxunmer in her ^ten garland crown 'd ; *' 

Here autumn the ric den grapes befmeai' j 

And hoaiy winter rti ^ in the rear, 

Photbus beheld tb \i\\ from off his throne i * 

That eye, which \m * all, was fix'd on one.. ^ 

He faw the boy'fl co\ i in hia face, ^ 

SurprizM at all the wonders of the place 5 

And cries alondj " Wlv.t wants niv fon f For know 

" My fon thou art, and I muft call thee fo." 

** Light of the world," the trembling yonth replies, 

** lUuftrious parent ! fince you don't defpife 

" The parent's name, fome certain token give, *> 

" That 1 may Clymene's proud boaft believe, ^ 

** Nor longer under falfe reproaches grieve." j 

The tender Sire was touched with what he faid. 

And flung the blaze of glories from his head, 

And bid the youth advance : " My fon (faid he) 

" Come to thy father's arms ! for Clymene 

** Has told thee true ; a parent's name 1 own, 

** And deem thee worthy to be call'd my fon. 

^ « A» 


*' As a fine proof, make feme requcft, and I, 
** Whatever it be, with that requcft comply ; 
*' By Styx I fwear, whofe waves are hid in nighty 
** And roll impenrious to my piercing fight/* 

The youthj tranfp«ned, afks without delay. 
To guide the Sim^s bright chariot for a day. 

The God repented of the oath he took. 
For anguiih thrice his radiant head he fhook : 
*^ My fon (iays he) ibme other proof require ; 
<< Kaih was my promife, raih is thy defire. 
« I ^d fain deny this wiih which thou haft made, 
*^ Or, what I can't deny, would fain difiiiade* 
** Too vaft and hazardous the talk appears, 
** Nor fuited to thy ftrength, nor to thy years, 
" Thy lot is mortal, but Ay wiflies fly 
** Beyond the province* of mortality : 
^* There is not one of all the Gods that dares 
•* (However (kiird in other great affairs) 
** To mount the burning axle-tree, but I j 
" Not Jove himfclf; the ruler of the Iky, 
** That hurls the three-fork'd thunder from above, 
•* Dares try his ftrength ; yet who fo ftrong as Jove f 
•' The fteeds climb up the firft afcent with pain j 
•* And when the middle firmament they gain, 
^ If downwards from the heavens my head I bow, 
*^ And fee the earth and ocean hang below, 
** £v*n I am feizM with horror and aftright, 
•* And my own heart mifgives me at the fight* 
•* A mighty downfall fteeps the evening fbge, 
•* And fteddy reins muft curb the horfes* rage. 

4 •« Tethys 

OVm, A^TAMORPR Boor; U. lo^ 

^< Tetbys herfelf has fearM to fee me driven 

*< Down headlong from the precipice of heaven. 

** Beftdesy confider what impetuous force 

** Turns ftars and planets in a different courfe s 

** I fteer againft their motions ; nor am I 

** Borne back by all the current of the Iky. 

** But how could you refift the orbs that roll 

'< In adverfe *vlhirls» and ^m the rapid pole ? 

** But you perhaps may hope for pleading woods^ 

** And ftately domes, and cities BlVd with G^ods ; 

'* While through a thoufand fnares your progrefs lies^ 

** Where forms of ftarry monfters ftock the flties : 

<* For, ihould you hit the doubtful way aright, 

*^ The Bull with (looping horns ftands opposite ^ 

^' Next him the bright Haemonian Bow is ftrung j 

<< And next, the Lion's grinning vifage hui\g : 

** The Scorpion^ claws here clafp a wide extent, 

** And here the Crab's in leffer clafps are bent. 

** Nor would you find it eafy to compofe 

** The mettled &eed»y when from. their noflrils flows 

'* The fcorching fire, that in their entrails glows. 

** Ev'n I their head-ftrong fury fcarce reftrain, 

•* When they grow warm and reftiff to the rein. 

** Let not my fon a fatal gift require, ^ 

** But, O ! in time, recal your ralh defire^ 

•• You a(k a gift that may your parent tell, 

** Let thefe my fears your parentage reveal j 

** And learn a father from a father's care ; -j 

•• Look on my face 5 or, if my heart lay bare, > 

** Could you but look, you 'd read the father there. 1 

<( Choolf 



" ( i»'/ofr otit a jfiff from f'ra*, or earth, cr ii::*j, 

** \*,t /,|f^r. to yohr wifl-i all nature lies, 

'* Only /k'.liri'; thl» one unequal taik, 

'* I' Of *tU a mifchief, not a gift, you afl^; 

*' V/rtj »n( a real mifchief. Phaeton : 

** Hi^Y han/; not thut about my neck, my ion : 

^' J grant your wifti, and Styx has heard my voice, 

" Cboofc what you will, but make a wifcr choice.- 

Tliu* did the God th' unwary youth advife ; 
But he ftill longi to travel through the ikies. 
When the fond father (for in vain he pleads) 
At lenp;th to the Vnlcanian chariot leads. 
A f^olden axle did the work uphold, 
Oohl wa« the beam, the wheels were orb'd with gold. 
'J'hc ft^okes in rows of filver pleased the fight, ^ 

'J he icttt with party ^olour'd gems was bright 5 > 

Apollo (hin*d amid the glare of light. J 

The youth with fecret joy the work furveys 5 
When now the morn difclos'd her purple rays 5 
Ti»e (Vars were fled 5 for Lucifer had chac'd 
The ftars away, and fled himfelf at laft. 
iioon »« the father faw the rofy mom. 
And the moon fluning with a blunter horn, 
llt> hid the nimble hours without delay 
!Dnng forth the Heeds ; the nimble hours obey: 
From their full racks the generous fteeds retire. 
Dropping ambroftal foams, and fnorting flie. 
S^lill anxious fur his fon, the God of day, 
*JV make him pixx>f againtl the burning ray, 
l\\% temples with cclcftial ointment wet. 

Of iovcixri^u virtue to repel the heat 5 



Then fix'd the beamy circle on his head. 
And fctch'd a deep fore-boding figh, and faid. 

*' Take this at Icaft, this laft advice, my fon : 
*' Keep a ftifF rein, and move but gently on : 
** The courfers of themfelves will run too faft, 
** Your art muft be to moderate their hafte. 
** Drive them not on dire£lly through the (kies, 
'* But where the Zodiac's winding circle lies, 
** Along the midraoft Zone ; but fally forth 
** Nor to the diftant fouth, nor ftormy north, 
** The horfes' hoofs a beaten track will fliow, 
** But neither mount too high, nor fink too low, 
" That no new fires or heaven or earth infeft ; 
'* Keepihe mid-way, the middle way is beft. 
'* Nor, where in radiant folds the Serpent twines, 
** Dire6^ your courfe,' nor where the Altar fiiines. 
" Shun both extremes ; the reft let fortune guide, 
*' And better for thee than thyfelf provide ! 
'* See, while I fpeak, the (hades difperfe away, ^ 
** Aurora gives the promife of a day ; ^ 

** I 'm caird, nor can I make a longer ftay. 3 

** Snatch up the reins ; or ftill th' attempt forfake, 
** And not my chariot, but my counfel take, 
** While yet fecurely on the earth you ftand ; 
** Nor touch the horfes with too rafh a hand, 
** Let me alone to light the world, while you 
«* Enjoy thofe beams which you may fafely view." 
Ke fpoke in vain ; the youth with a6live heat 
And Iprightly vigour vaults into the feat; 
And joys to hold the reins, and fondly gives 

Thofe thanks his father with remorfe receives. 



Mean while the reftlefs horfes neighM aloud. 
Breathing out fire, and pawing where they ftood. 
'I'ethys, not knowing what had paft, gave way. 
And all the wafte of heaven before them lay. 
They fpring together out, and fwiftly bear 
The ifiying youtk throi^h clouds and yielding alr| 
With wingy {^ed outftrip the eaftem wind. 
And leave the breezes of the mom behind. 
The youth was light, nor could he fill the feat. 
Or poife the chariot with its wonted weight : 
But as at Tea th' unbalaft vefTel rides, 
Oaft to and fro, the fports of winds and tides | 
So in the bounding chariot tofs^d on high. 
The youth is hurry'd headlong through the iky. 
Soon as the fteeds perceive it, they forfake 
Their ftated courfe, and leave the beaten track. 
The youth was in a maze, nor did he know 
Which way to turn the reins, or where to go j 
Uor would the horfes, had he known, obey. 
Then the Seven Stars firft felt Apollo's ray, 
And wifliM to dip in the forbidden fea. 
The folded Serpent next the frozen pole, 
Stitf and benumb'd before, began to roll. 
And rag'd with inward heat, and threatened war. 
And (hot 1 redder light from every fbr ; 
Nay, and *tis faid, Bootes too, that fain 
Thou wouldft have fled, though cumbered with thy wain, 

Th* unhappy youth then, bending down his head. 
Saw earth and ocean far beneath him fpread : 
His colour changed, he ftartled at the fight, 
Aud hit eyes darkened by too great a light. 



XSlVtDp MBTAMORPR. Book It. us 

Bow could he ^nBa. ti^ Btiy AeecU nntry^di 
Hit birdi obftmc^ aiid his re4|tieft deojrM i 
HMr wonM he Merdf)* for His f«tfaer own. 
And quit hit bosfted kindred tb the Sun. 
So fares the pilots when hib (hip is toft 
In tnmbied ilas» tad all its Peerage loft | 
He gms tier to the #inds> and in deipair 
Seeks his laft rtfiige in the dbds and pra)rer. 

What could he do? His eyes, if backward caft, 
Find a long path he had already paft| 
If fbrwinii ftfH a longer path they find i 
Both he comparety and meafures in his nua^l 
And ibmetimes cafts an tje upon the eaft^ 
And fimietinies lookl on die forbidden weft; 
The horles* nanaes Ite ktiew not in the fiighti 
Nor would he kofedKreinsi nor tould he hold them tight: 

Mow all the horrors of the heavens ke fptes« 
And raonftrous Hiadbws of prodigious fize. 
That, decked with ftars, Ife fcatter'd o^er the ftles. 
There is a place above, where Scorpio bent 
In tail and arms furroxnids a vad extent ; 
In a wide circuit of the heavens he fhines, 
Ard fills the fpacc of two celcftial figns. 
Soon as the youth beheld him, vexd with heat, 
B:jndifli his fting, and in ki3 poifon fweat, 
Half dead with tudden fear he dropt the reins 3 
The horles felt them loofe upon their manes. 
And, flying out through all the plains above, 
Ran uncontrord where e'er their fury drove i 
Rufti'd on the ftars, and through a pathlefs way^ 
Of anknown regions hurry'd on the dajr^ 

^ And 



. And now above, and now below they flew. 
And near the earth the burning chariot drew. 

The clouds difperfe in fumes, the wondering mooft 
Beholds her brother's fteeds beneath her own j 
The highlands fmoke, cleft by the piercing rays. 
Or, clad with woods, in their own fuel blaze. 
Next o'er the plains, where ripen 'd harvefts grow. 
The running conflagration fpreads below. 
But thefe are trivial ills : whole cities hurUf 
And peopled kingdoms into aflies turn. 

The mountains kindle as the car draws near, 
Athos and Tmolus red with fires appear j 
Oeagrian Haemus (then a fmgle name) 
And virgin Helicon increafe the flame j 
Taurus and Oete glare amid the flcy. 
And Ida, fpite of all her fountains, dry. 
Eryx, and Othrys, and Cithaeron, glow j 
And Rhodope, no longer cloath'd in fnow ; 
High Pindus, Mimas, and Parnaflus, fweat. 
And -ffitna rages with redoubled heat. 
Ev'n Scythia, through her hoary regions warnfd. 
In vain with all her native froft was annM. 
Covered with flames, the towering Appennine, 
And Caucafus, and proud Olympus, fliine ; 
And, where the long-extended Alps afpire. 
Now ftands a huge continued range of fire. 

Th' aftonifhM youth, where-e'er his «yes could turn. 
Beheld the univerfe around him burn : 
The world was in a blaze ; nor could he bear 
The fultry vapours and the fcorching air. 



Which from below, as from a furnace, flow'd j 
And now the axle-tree beneath him glowM : 
hoik in the whirling clouds, that round him broke^ 
And white with afhes, hovering in the fmoke, 
-He flew where-e'er the horfes drove, nor knew 
Whither the horfes drove, or where he flew. 

'Twas then, they fay, the fwarthy Moor begun 
To change his hue, and blacken in the fun. 
Then Libjra firft, of all her raoifture drained, 
Became a barren wafle, a wild of fand. 
The water-nymphs lament their empty urns ; 
Boeotia, robb'd of filver Dirce, mourns 5 
Corinth Pyrenees wafted fpring bewails ; 
And Argos grieves whilft Amymone fails. 

The floods are drain'd from every diftant coaft : 
Ev'n Tanais, though fix*d in ice, was loft 5 
Enrag'd Caicus and Lycormas roar. 
And Xanthus, fated to be burnt once more. 
The fam'd Mseander, that unweary'd ftrays 
Through mazy windings, fraokes in every maze. 
From his lov'd Babylon Euphrates flies ; "jl 

The big-fwoln Ganges and the Danube rife 7* 

In thickening fumes, and darken half the ikies, j 
In flames Ifmenos and the Phafis roll'd. 
And Tagus floating in his melted gold. 
The fwans, that on Cayfter often try\l 
Their tuneful fongs, now fung their laft, and dy'd. 
The frighted Nile ran off, and under ground 
Conceal'd his head, nor can it yet be found : 
His fcven divided currents are all dry. 
And where they rolPd, feven gaping trenches lit-. 

I » , N« 




•* See, whilft I fpeak, my breath the vapours choke, 

(For novr her face lay wrapt in clouds of finoke) 

•* See my fing'd hair, behold my faded eye, 

" And withered face, where heaps of cinders lie I 

** And docs the plough for this my body tear ? 

** This the reward for all the fruits I bear, 

♦* Tortured with rakes, and harafs'd all the year? 

" That herbs for cattle daily I renew, 

** And food for man, and frankincenfe for you ? 

** But grant me guilty ; what has Neptune done ? 

** Why are his waters boiling in the lun ? 

** The wavy empire, which by lot was given, 

** Why does it wallc, and further ftirlnk fiotu heaven > 

*< If 1 Hor he your pity can provoke, 

<< See your own heavens, the heavens begin to £inoke ! 

*^ Should once the fparkies catch thofe bright abodes, 

^ Deftrufliaa feizes on the heavens and gods f 

*' Atlas becomes unequal to his freight, 

** And almoil faints beneath the glowing weight. 

*' If heaven, and earth, and fea, together burn, 

*' All rauft again into their chaos turn. 

*' Apply fome fpeedy cure, prevent our fate, 

♦* And fuccour nature, ere it be too late." 

She ceasM j for, chokM with vapours round her fpread, 

Down to the deepeft fhade^ fhe lunk her head. 

Jove caird to witnefs every power above. 
And ev'n the God, whofe fon the chariot drove. 
That what he a£ls he is compellM to do. 
Or univerfal ruin muit enfuc. 
Straight he afcends the i)!«^b ethereal throne, 

From whence he us'd to dart his thunder down, 

I 3 Frcm 

► V - ^ S ? v"' F M S. 

/, ,,^-^ V irorms he iis'd to poiu-. 
. •; o.NT :tomi nor ihower, 
«v ^^CK. w::h lifted hand, 
«!#■( V **^"'* ** tbrky brand, 
^. , A-*****^ ^"* ^^' Almighty fire 
i^ .*fc?^ h"* t)>e fires with fire. 
^ ^^n 1^: *»i ^^ the chariot driven, 

» -^sf^- N?* 5^"* thunder-ftruck from heaven, 
' jv *'*-"^ ^"^^ * fudden bound, 

"•K- '!^w ind chariot to the ground : 
^^ -■■I*. ■'*■*''*•* from their necks they broke j 
^^. , wVwi) and here a filver fpoke, 
^^^ ^* Keom and axle torn away j 
;.,.,f^\ \i o'er the earth, the ftiining fragments lay, 
^^;i^ji^$ Phaeton, with flaming hair, 
^fVHK ^^ chariot, like a falling ftar, 
>^ ft t lummer's evening from the top 
, Vf^"* drops down, or feems at leaft to drop 5 
:^i.*^ the Po his blafted corpfe was hurlVl, 
V ^K*rt* ^** country, in the weftem world. 


frtE Latian nymphs came round him, and amaz^ll 
pn tiic dead youth, transfixM with thunder, gaz'dj 
/^rnl, whilft yet fmoking from the bolt he lay, 
y/if. shatter \l body to a tomb convey, 
j^nd o'er the tomb an epitaph dcvife : 
>*» Hiiv hw who drove the fun's bright chariot llesj 
v^ His father's fiery Heeds he could not guide, 
*• J3ul in the i^lorious enterprize he dy"d.'' 


OVm, MET-\MORPH. Bo L »^ 

ApoUo htd hh fsctt and pin'd for gri 
And, if the ftoiy may ddcnre belief. 
The fp:icc of one whole ilay is fsud to n 
Fro0i mom to wonted ere, wifhouE a {ii^^ 
The burning nriits, with a faintrr ray^ 
Supply the fun, and count^eit a day, 
A da^j that tlill did natune's face tliklofe ? 
Thh comfort from the mighty mifchtef tqCc* 

But Clymcrce, enragM with grjefj laments , 
And, as her grkf infpires, her paflion vena i 
Wild for her fon, and frantic in her woe*. 
With hair dtihererd, roitnd the ^otld ihe g?t«e«r 
To feeit whfre*e"tr hit body might be caii j 
Till, OD the borders of the Fo^ at Sift 
T1a€ name infcrib^d on the new tomb appear*. 
The dear dear name Jh« U^thes in Sowing tears ^ ^ 

Han^ o'cT the tombj unable to depart, 

He&daughters too lament, and figh, and raoum> 
(A fniitlefs tribute to their brother's um j) 
And beat their naked bofoms, and complain. 
And call aloud for Phaeton in vain : 
All the long night their mournful watch they keep. 
And ali the day ftand round the tomb and weep. 

Four tiro^^s, revolving, the full moon return'd ; 
So long the mother and the daughters moumM j 
When now the eldeft, Phaethufa, ftrove 
To reft her weary limbs, but could not move 5 
Limpetia would have help'd her, but flie found 
Hericlf withheld, and rooted to the ground; 

I 4. A iHi-'d 

■ l 


i third in wild affliftion, as ftie grieves, 
jVouId rend her hair, but fills her hand- with leaves- j. 
One fees her thighs transfbrmM, another views 
Her anns fhot out, and branching into boughs. 
And now their legs, and breafts, and bodies, flood' 
Crufted with bark, and hardening into wood} 
But Hill above were female heads difplay^d. 
And mouths, that caird the mother to their aid. 
What could, alas I the weeping mother do } 
From this to that with eager hafte ihe iewy 
And kifsM her fprouting daughters as they grew. 
She tears the bark that to each body cleaves : 
And from the verdant fingers (trips the leaves : 
The blood came trickling, where fhe tore away 
The leaves and bark : tht maids were heard to fay^ 
** Forbear, miftaken parent, oh ! forbear j 
** A wounded daughter in each tree you tear 5 
** Farewel forever." Here the bark incr^as'd, 
Clos'd on their faces, and their words fupprefs*d.. 

The new-made trees in tears of amber run. 
Which, hardenM into value by the fun, 
Diftil for ever on the ftreams below : 
The limpid ftreams their radiant treafure fhow, 
MixM in the fand j whence the rich drops convey'd 
Shine in the drefs of the bright Latian maid. 


CYCNUS beheld the nymphs transformed, ally'd 
To their dead brother, on the mortal dde, 



In friend ihip and afie^ion nearer bqund s 
He left the cities and the realms he awa'd. 
Through pathlefs fields and lonely ^ores^ to ranj^ 
And woods, made thicker by the fi^rs" change* 
WhiLft here> withi^ th!p difmal gloom, alone^ 
The melancholy monarch maide his moaa. 
His voice was le^en'd,. as he try*d tp fptak,^ 
And i/Tu^d through a long-eiuended neck i 
JEiis hair transforms to down, his fingers meet 
In (kinny films, and ftiape his o«iry feel; 
From both his fides the wings and fedthers bireak{> 
And from his n^outli- proceeds, a blunted beak : 
All Cycnus now into a iwan was turu'd. 
Who, flill remembering how his \^in£msax burnMj^ 
To foHtary pools and lakes retires. 
And loves the waters as opposed to fires^ 

Mean-while Apollo iu a gloomy fliadfe 
(The native luftre of his brows decay'd): 
Indulging forrow, iickens at the fight 
Of his own fun-ihine, and abhors the light : 
The hidden griefs, that in his bofom rile. 
Sadden his looks, and overcaft his eyes. 
As when fame duflcy orb obftru6is his ray. 
And fullies, in a dim eclipfe, the day. 

Now fecretly with inward griefs he pin'd, 

Itfow warm refeutraents to his griefs he join'd, 

And now renounced his office to mankind- 

** E'er fince the birth of time, laid he, I 've borae 

** A long ungrateful toil without return ; 

** Let now fome other manage, if he dare,. 

*' The fiery fteeds, and mount the burning car^ 

w Or, 


*« Or, if none elfe, let Jove his fortune try, 
** And learn to lay his murdering thunder by ; 
" Then will he own, perhaps, but own too late, 
** My fon deferv'd not fo fevere a fate." 

The gods ftand round him, as he mourns, and pray 
He would refume the conduft of the day, 
Nor let the world be loft in endlefs night : 
Jove too himfelf, defcending from his height^ 
Excufes what had happened, and intreats, 
Majeftically mixing prayers and threats. 
PrevaiPd upon at length, again he took 
The hamafsM fteeds, that ftill with horror ihook. 
And plies them with the lafll, and whips them on, - 
Andy as- he whips, upbraids them with his Ton. 


THE day was fettled rn its courfe ; and Jove 
WalkM the wide circuit of the heavens above, 
To fearch if any cracks or flaws were madej • 
But all was fafe : the earth he then furvey'd. 
And caft an eye on every different coaft. 
And every land j but on Arcadia moft. 
Her fields he cloathM, and chear'd her blafted face 
With i-unning fountains, and with fpringing grafs» 
No trafts of heaven's deftruftive fire remain j 
The fields and woods revive, and nature fmiles agaiir 

But, as the god walkM to and fro the earth. 
And" raisM the plants, and gave the fpring its birth. 
By chance a fair Arcadian nymph he view'd. 
And felt the lovely charmer in his blood. 


OVID, METAMORPH. Booic 11. 121 

The nymph nor fpun, nor drefs'd with artful pride; 

Her veft was gatheVd up, her hair was ty'd 5 

Now in her hand a (lender fpear fhe bore. 

Now a. light quiver on her fhouldera wore 5 

To chafte Diana from her youth inclined. 

The fprightly warriors of the wood ftie joined* 

Diana too the gentle huntrefs lov'd. 

Nor was there one of all the nymphs that rov'd 

Or Maenalus, amid the maiden throng. 

More favoured once ; but favour lafts not long. 

The fun now fhone in all its ftrength, and drove 
The heated virgin panting to a grove 5 
The grove around a grateful fhadow caft : 
She dropt her arrows, and her bow unbrac'd 9 
She flung herfelf on the cool grafly bed ; 
And on the painted quiver raisM her head. 
Jove faw the charming huntrefs unprepared, 
StretchM on the verdant turf, without a guard, 
*' Here I am fafe, he cries, from Juno's eyej 
** Or ihould my jealous queen the tlieft defcry, 
*' Yet would I venture on a theft like this, 
*' And ftand her rage for fuch, for fuch a blifs !" 
Diana's fhape and habit ftraight he took, 
SoftcnM his brows, and fmooth'd his awful look, 
And mildly in a female accent fpoke. 
'^ How fares my girl ? How went the morning chace V\ 
To whom the virgin, ftarting from the grafs, 
** All hail, bright deity, whom I prefer 
•* To Jove hiralclf, though Jove himfelf were here.'* 
The god was nearer than fhe thought, and heard 

WcU-pleas'd himfelf before himfelf preferred* 




He then falutes her with a warm embrace ; 
And, ere flie half had told the morning chace^ 
"With love inflaiird, and eager on his bills, 
Smother'^d her words, and ftop'd iier with a kifs ^ 
His kiiTes witk unwonted asdour glow'd, 
Nor could Diana'*! fliape conceal the God. 
The virgin did whatever a vlcgin con'd 
(Sure Juno moft have {>ardon'd, bad (he viewM) ^ 
With all her might againii his force flie ftrove : 
But how can mortal maids contend with Jove t 

Pofleft at length of what bis heart del^r'd, 
Back to his heavens th*" inluiting god retir'cL 
The lovely huntrefs, riling from the grafs, 
With down-caf^ eyes, and with a Wuftiing face^ 
By ftiame confounded, and by fear difmayM^ 
Flew from the covert of the guilty ^ade. 
And almofty in ^ tumult of her mind. 
Left her forgotten bow and fhafts behind. 

But now Diana, with a fprightly train 
Of quiver'd virgins, bounding o'er the plain, 
Caird to the nymph ? The nymph began to fear 
A fecond fraud, a Jove difguis d in her j 
But, when Ihe faw the filter nymphs, lupprefs'd 
Her rifing fears, and mingled with the reft. 

How in the look does confcious guilt appear ! 
Slowly (he mov'd, and loitcr'd in the rearj 
Nor lightly tripp'd, nor by the goddefis ran. 
As once (he us'd, the fo'-emoft of the train. 
Her looks were fiufh'd, and lullen was her mien. 
That fure the virgin goddels (had (he been 
^ught but a virgin) muft the guile have feen 




*T:i &i*i the oyTDphs fawall, and frue^fV'J ^ 

Acd now the it3thjii hod niHc bmea Jolt b£ 
When Dian fainting, in tbc mid^^^y bea 
found a cooi «pv«rt, and refrertiiw^ ftreamij 
That ID foft mumitu^ thrDiigh the f'ortft fiow'd, 
Aiid a imood) bed erf Qimiitg gravel Ihow'd. 
A covert £n obfcure, and Areant* fo deir, 
Tbc godLkfs praifi'd i " And now no Ipies arc ncaTf T 
** Lcc's ftrip, my gf nl ^ maids. And \ra.^,^^ Ae cries* 
Plns'ti with the fnotic every i»aid compliea § 
Only the bltifhii^ hy; j^^ik itoad confui'di 
And forfn'd iklays, a] . her deity 5 encus'd t 
In vam excused j her J lows round het prefs'd, 
Aisd tbc reJuftaiit oyn by Ibrce imdrels'd, 
Tbe naked btititrei« ai fbamr reveal 'd. 

In vail) her h^nd^ the ^^lajit w^>mb eonccard| 
** Begtine \ the goiidc .ries with fiern difdain, 
*^ BcgorQe 1 nor dare tnc h allowed j^ream to llajn ^ ^ 
Sbe fled^ foT-cver banith dfrom the train* 

Thk Jnno heard, who long had wateb'd her time 
To ptiniifa the detelted rival's en me i 
The tij^ie was come : lor, to cnrag^e her rtiore, 
A loirely-boy the leeraing rival bore, 

TTie goddeA ca^ a fwrious look, and cry*d, 
" It U enough ! I'm fuily fatiafy'd ! 
** Thi» boy fliall ftaod a living mark, to prove 
^^ My htiflband^ baicoefft, and the trumpet's Wet 
** Bu( vengeaiKe fliall awake thofe guiiiy charms, 
*' That drew the thimderer from juno'B amit, 
** No longer &all tlieir wonted forct: retain, 
' N«r pleaiie the god, nor iiuUi;^ ihe in^rul vain/* 




This l'*k!, her hand widiin her hair (he wound, 
JSwun^ her to earth, and dragg'd her on the ground i 
The prollrate wretch lifts up her arms in prayer j 
Her arms grow ftiagg}*, and deformed with hair. 
Her nails are iharpen'^d into pointed claws. 
Her hands bear half her weight, and turn to paws ; 
Her lips, that once cculd tempt a god, begin 
To grow diitorted in an ugly grin. 
And, Urt the fupplicaiing brute might reach 
The ears of Jove, ihe was dipriv*d of fpeech : 
Her luiW voice ihroUi:h a hoarfe palTage came 
In uva^e loimds : her mind was ilill the I'aine. 
The fum* monfter lixVi her e\-es above. 
And hcav'd her nev? unwcildy paws to Tore, 
And beggM his aid with inward groans ; and though 
She could not call him falfe, ihe thought him fo. 

How did ihe fear to lodge in woods alone. 
And haunt the iields and meadows once her own t 
How often would the deep -mouthed dogs purfue, 
WluM from her hounds the frighted huntrefs flew * 
How did flie fear her fellow brutes, and ihun 
The ihaggv bear, thou^ now herfelf was one ! 
How horn the tight of rugged wolves retire. 
Although the grim Lycaon was her £re I 

But now her fon had fifteen furamers told, 

Vkraettljhe duKe, and in the foreft bold ; 

^ "^ Hm woods in quei^ of prey, 

^^ MBliKr where Ihe lay. 

■pt ham m her light, 

iMfiOiiaa fright, 



And aimM a pointed arrow at her breaft; 
And would have flain his mother in the beaft ; 
But Jovjt forbad, and fnatchM them through the air 
In whirlwinds up to heaven, and fix'd them there : 
Where the new conftellations nightly rife. 
And add a luftre to the northern flues. 

When Juno faw the rival in her height. 
Spangled with fl^ars, and circled round with lighty 
She fought old Ocean in his deep abodes. 
And Tethys 5 both rever'd among the gods. 
They alk what brings her there. " Ne'er aik, fays fli^ 
** What brings me here 5 heaven is no place for me. 
" You '11 fee, when night has covered all things o'er, 
** Jove's ftarry baftard and triumphant whore 
** Ufurp the heavens 5 you '11 fee them proudly roll 
** In their, new orbs, and brighten all the pole. 
** And who (hall now on Juno's iltar wait, 
** When thofe ihe hates grow greater by her hate? 
** I on the nymph a brutal form imprefs'd, 
*« Jove to agoddefs has transform'd the beaft: 
** This, this was all my weak revenge could do ; 
** But let the god bis chafte amours purfue, 
** And, as he a6led after lo's rape, 
*« Reftore th' adulterefs to her former ftiape; 
** Then may he caft his Juno off, and lead 
<* The great Lycaon's offspring to his bed. 
<* But you, ye venerable powers, be kind ; 
<« And, if my wrongs a due refentment find, 
** Receive not in your waves their fetting beams, 
^» Nor let the glaring ftrumpet taint your fticams.^ 


The goddds chded, afid her ^iJh >Va4 givtn* 
Back ihe return*^ in ttititnph up to heUVfeii j 
Her gaudy fileatDtks dreW htr thrctigh the flrie»> 
Their tails wei* fpdttt^d with a tficmfand eyes j 
The eyes of Af^s bn thtir tails \*r4re rawg'd, 
At the fame timi* thtf iaren's eolidUr changed. 


THE raven bhce in fiioWy pkimes was dreft, 
"XVhite as the whiteft dove^s unfully'd breaft, 
Tair as the guardian of the capitol, 
Soft as the fwan ; a large and lovely fowl ; 
His tongue, his prating- tongue, had changed him quite 
To looty blacknefs from the pureft white. 

The ftory of his change fliall here be toldj 
In Theffaly there liv^d a nymph of old, 
• Coronis nam'd j a peerlefs maid fhe fhinM^ 
Confeft the faireft of the fairer kind. 
Apollo lov'd her, till her guilt he knew ^ 
While true flie was, or whilft he thought her true* 
But his own bird the raven chanc'd to find 
The falfe-one with a fecret rival joinM. 
Coronis begg''d him to fupprefs the tale, 
-But could not with repeated prayers prevail. 
His milk-white pinions to the god he ply'd j 
The bufy daw flew with him fide by fide, 
And by a thoufand teazing queftions drew 
Th' important fecret from him as they flew, 
The daw gave honeft counfel, though defpis'd, 
And^ tedious in her tattle, thus advised. 

«^ Stay 

; I 

OVID* JOTAMCHtPH: B^oc H. tif 

« Sttf, Olr binb Ik* iD-Mlur^d ttH.nM^ 

* Ifar bt the liCMic of wiwdcofcc aiiirt/ 

* Be wmM kf mj cxunpfe: 70a difccm 

« Wfattaowlim, and what 1 1^ Ihall leva* 
** M J feoliii boBcAf was all mj crime $ 

* Then bear my flofjb Oace upon a time, 
<< Tbe tmo-fkagrd EriCUmim bad bn bhtb 

** (Wkboot a iBMitber} from tbe teeming eartb ; 
•* M iyj ri a 'iwrt'd bim, and die infant laid 
« Widlinmdiel^ of tmiingofiert made. 
" ine oav^btefs of king Ceciope nndertook 

* To goad dR diel^ commanded not to look 

* On wbat was bid vddiin. I ftood to fto 

* Tbe cbnge obeyM, pcrchM on a ndg^ Ti o uring te. 
*> TbB' Men Fndrafiie and Hert^ keep 

** Tbe ftrift cwmmand i A^auros needs wooM peep» 

^ And &m tbe monftioos infant in a fi^t, 

<* And calTdbcr fillers to tbe bideoiM fight f 

** A boy's foflt ihape did to tbe waift prerai'l, 

^ Bot tbe boy ended in a dragon*s tail. 

" I told tbe ftem Minerva all that pafs'd, 

•• Brt, for my pains, difcarded and dll^rac'd, 

*« The frowning goddefs drove me from her light, 

** And for ber favourite chofe the bird of ni^ht. 

^ Be then no tell-tale ; for I think my wrca^ 

^ Enough Co teach a bird to hold her tongue. 

** But you, perhaps^ may thirk I was rtinov'd, 
•* As never by the heavenly maid belov'd j 
*« But I was lov'd j a(k Pallas if I Ke j 

Tbougb Pallas hate me no^, fhe wcnH deny ; 

K •« For 



1 :u^j. vou view, 

^ ...^w :iie dory 's true) 

. .,..•: •. * king's daughter too. 
, ../i.wN .'^\:\ d my beauty*8 charms ^ 
.. .^ i» *;>r v-aule of all my harms 5 
.. u. .\' Wis ihores I went to rove, 
. . nc V. my wajks, and fell in love- 
..^,1. ' s vourtlhipy he confefsM his pain, 
. . y.'if* il force when all his arts were vain j 
...r v^. jv.irfucd : I ran along the ftrand, 
■ '. . ij'cnt and weary 'd on the finking fand, 

iv .»-k'd aloudy with cries I fill'd the air 
■. J s;ods and men 5 nor god nor man was there 
■ \ virgin goddefs heard a virgin's prayer. 
• Kor, as my anns I lifted to the ikies, 
•• I faw black feathers from my fingers rife ; 
•■ l ftrove to fling my garment on the ground ; 
" My garment tum'd to plumes, and girt me round. 
•• My hands to beat my naked bofom tryj 
•• Nor naked bofom now nor hands had I, 
•< Lightly I tript, nor weary as before 
«* Sunk in the fand, but (kimmM along the (hore } 
" Till, rifing on my wings, I was prefer'd 
*« To be the chaftc Minerva's virgin bird ; 
«* Prefer'd in vain ! I now am in difgrace : 
•• Nyftimcne the owl enjoys my place. 

•* On her inceftuous life I need not dwell 
« (In Lefbos ftill the horrid talc they tell) ; 
*« And of her dire amours you mull have heardj 
** For which ihe now does penance in a bird, 

" That 

/ kttrAj^foitM. Bddfb If: Tjr 

RkMtt OT^ wtt nttottf ^ winds nic iirii^ 
life glcM»f fonnii^ of the n^t ; 

tvlie»*te fiitf itittersy fcareaway 
ig wreiEcli^ and drive Her from the bf .^ 

ingf^d tfy foch impeitihencey 
tte^ k Ij^mt, anH took of^ 
ifantitefft da^ { the daw withdrew ) 
nef ii))'iirlB patfoli flew^ 
m^iat, and told the fatal truth 
iM W m d the IfkvourM youth. 
IS wroth i Ae colour left his look;; 
il head, the harp his hand forfbok } 
' iad feadur'd diafts he took* 
a SUcr«w i* the tender hreaft, 
Ren tR hk^fimn been preft. 

> iW U > Jul aymf^y and fadly gro^n'd^- 
s arrow recjdng from the wound ; 
g in her bloed^ tfius faintly cry'd, 
ttd ! though I have juftly dyM, 
alas 1 my unborn infant done, 
>uld fall, and two expire in one V 
agonies flie fetch'd her breath. 
Polves in pity at her death 3 
ird that made her falfehood known^ 
ifelf for what himfelf had done j 
ihaft, that fent her to the fates, 
land, that fent the (haft, he hates. 

heal the wound, ^d eafe her pain, 
:ompaf8 of his art in vain. 
' the lovely nymph expire, 

ready* and the kindiine^ fire, 

K z With 


J ' 

13» ADDlbO>J*S POEMS* 

With fighs and groans her obfequies he kept, 
And, if a god could weep, the god had wept. 
Her corpfe he kilVd, and heavenly incenfe brought^ 
And folemniz^d the death himfelf had wrought. 

But, left his offspring fliould her fate partake. 
Spite of th* immortal mixture in his make. 
He ript her womb, and fet the child at large, . 
And gave him to the centaur C]^n*s charge : 
Then in his fury black'd the raven o'ei^ 
And bid him prate in his white plume^ no mor^« 


OLD Chiron took the babe with fecret jp^^ ' * 

Proud of the charge of the celeftial boy. 

His daughter too, whom^n the fandy fhore; ';, 

The nymph Chariclo to the centaur bote. 

With hair diflieverd on her ihouldcrs, came 

To fee the child, Ocyrrhoe was her name j 

She knew her father^s art, and could rehearfr 

The depths of prophecy in founding verfe. 

Once, as the facred infant ihe furvey'd. 

The god was kindled in the raving maid. 

And thus ihe utter'd her prophetic tale ; 

** Hail, great phyiician of the world, all hail| * 

** Hail, mighty infant, who in years to come 

** Shall heal the nations, and defraud the tomb ; 

«« Swift be thy growth I Ay triumphs unconfinM ! 

^* Make kingdoms thicker, and increafe mankind. 

** Thy daring art ihaU animate the dead, 

** And draw the thunder on thy guilty head t 

<c T 


Oyro, METAMORPH. Book IL isf 

« Then ihidt thou die ; but from the dark abode 

*' Riie up vlflorious, and be twice a god* 

^* And ihouj my fire, not dettinM by thy btrtb 

" To turn to duft, and mix with cpmmon earth, 

** How wiit ihou tofs, and rave, and long to die, 

'* And quit thy claim to immortality j 

»* When thou flialt feel, inrag'd with inward pains, 

'* Tbe Hydra"'3 venqpi riinJ^Jing in thy veins ? 

" The gods lA pity fliall contra£l thy date ; 

'* iind givt thee over to the power of fate* ■' 

Thufij entering into deftinyj the maid 
The fecreti of offeaded Jove beti-ay'd ; 
Mflre had {he ft ill to fay j but now appears 
OpptefiPd with fobs and iighf , and drowned in fears ^ 
ff ^y ^oicc, fays ftie, is gone, my Janguage faila j 
*' Through every limb my Itiudred ftiape prevails ; 
« Why did tfie g&d thi* fataJ gift impajrt, •> 

*f And With piophetic raptures fwell my heart ? 
*• What new defires are thefe ? I long to pace 
" O'er flowery meadov^e, and to feed on grafe.i 
*' I baften to a brute, a maid no more ; 
"But why, alas * am I trails formed all o'er ? 
** My fite does hall- a human fhap<^ retain, 
** And in his upper parts prtferves the man.'** 

Her totigue no more diftinjl complaints afford*. 
But m fhril! accents and mif-fhapen words 
Poui^ forth fuch ludcous wailbgs, as declare 
The hum an fi>rm confounded in the mare i 
Till by degiees, accornplifhM in die btaft, 
She neigh' d outrtghl^ and all the fteed expreit* 



Her (looping body on her hands is bome» 

Her hands are turn'd to hoofs^ and fhod in horn 3 

iicr yellow trefles ruffle in a mane. 

And in her flowing tail (he frills her train. 

The mare was finiih'd in her voice and look. 

And a new name from the liew figiite took. 


SORE wept the centaur, atid to Phoebus pray'd j 
But how could Phoebus give the centaur aid f 
Degraded of his power hf angry Jove, 
In r.lls then a herd of beeves he drove } 
And wielded in his hand a ftafFof oak, 
Anc| o'er his jhculders threw the (hcpherd's cloak | ■ 
On ftfven compared reeds he us'd to play, 
And on his rural pipe to wafte the day. ;. 

As once, attentive to his pipe, he played, ^ 

The crafty Hermes from the god convey'd > 

A drove that fcparate from their fellows ftray*d» 3 
The theft an old infidious peafant view'd 
(They call'd him Battus in the neighbourhood) j 
Ilii'd by a wealthy Pylian prince to feed 
Ills favourite mares, and watch the generous breed* 
The thievifh god fufpefted him, and took 
The hind afide, and thus in whifpers fpokes ' 
*< Dilcovcr not the theft, whoe'er thou be, 
" And take that milk-white heifer for thy fee. 
«< Go, ftranger, cries the clown, fecurely on, 
<< Tliat ftone ihall fooner tell j'" and fhow'd a ftone. 
... Thf 


'Jihegod wilhdrenr, but ftraigfat returnM again, 
Im fpeech and liaUt like a country Twain $ 
^d cried out, " Neighbour, kaft thou feen a ftra^r 
*i^o{ bullocks and of heifers pais this wsiy ? 
«< In the rtcovcty of my cattle join, 
<< A bullock and a he^er %U be thine.** 

' The peafant quick rgplies^i^ You Ui find them there 
" In yon darl^vaie :V and in the trale they wert. 
The double bitbe had his fi^ faeast beguilM i 
The god, fucceisful in tbeUnal, fmilM ; 
** And doft thou thus betray j^yfelf to nib ? ' 
<< Me to myfelf doft thou hetray ?*' iays h^ 

. Thep to a Toucb-Jhne turns the £|ithlefs ffy. 

And m hU^ lyame records his infamy. ^ ^^ 

^ . >, 

^ INTO A STATUE. ^- * 

THIS done, the god £kw vp on lugh, and'pafs'd • 
O'er lofty Athens, by /Minerva grac'd. 
And wide Munichia, whilft his eyes furvcy 
All the ya£t region tlmt beneath him lay. ^ 

Twas now tlie feaft, when each Athenian maid 
Her yearly homage to Minerva paid ; 
In canifters, with garlands covered o'er 5 
High on their heads their myftic gifts they bor^ j 
And now, returning in a foleran train. 
The troop of ftiining virgins fiil'd the plain. 

The god well-pleas'd beheld the pompous ihpw, 
And law the bright proceffion pafs below 5 
Then veer'd about, and took a wheeling flight. 
And hover'd o'er them j as the fpreading kite, - 

K4. That 



That fmells the (laughter'd vi£lim from on high^ 

Flies at a diftance, if the priefts are nigh, 

And fails around, and keeps it in her eye ! 

So kept the god the virgin choir in view, , 

And in flow winding circlet nm«d them flew. . 

As Lucifer excels die ii|puiei( ftar. 
Or, as the full->orVd Pha;>e Lucifer^ 
So much dfd Hersi all the jrft ootvy, n 
And gave a grace to the iclemnity. 
Hermes was fir*d, as in thc-clouds he hung: 
So the cold bfillet, that with fury flung 
From Balearic engines mounts on high. 
Glows in th(/ whirl, and bums along the fky. 
At length he pitched upon the ground, and ibow'd 
The form divine, the features of a god. *• * 

He knew t£eir virtue o*er a female heart, 
And yet he fbives to better them by art. " . . 
He hangs his mantle loofe, and fets to fhow 
The golden edging on the feaixi below $ 
Adjufls his flowing curls, and in bis hand « 

Waves with an air the fleep-procuring wanid x 
The glittering fandals to his feet applies. 
And to each heel the well-trim*d pinion ties* 

His ornaments with nicefl art difplay*d. 
He fecks th* apartment of the royal maid, 
The roof was all with polifh'd ivory linM, 
That, richly mix'd, in clouds of tortoife fhinM. 
Three rooms contiguous in a range were placM i 
The midmoft by the beauteous Herse gracM j 
Her virgin fiftert lodged on either fide* 
Aglauros firft th* approaching god defcry'd. 


lid, as he crof5"'d her thambcr, BCk'd bu 
And what his bufinffs was, ^nt! wh^ficr h 
■* I cocncj rcpJjrM the god, fi^om heaTen tc 
" Vour fi/kr, and to make an aunt of you i 
** I am the fbn and meilWrgrr of Jove, 
** M J ijajiie IS Merc^jry, my btiiinefs !o?e i 
*' Do yod* kind dainjcJ, take a lorer's partf 
*' And gain admittance to your fifter's heart." 
She iiar'd him in lh< ~ ~ ti looks amaz^df 
As when flie on Mttiei i- 

And aiks a migrhty tT« 
Aod, tLll he brtngf rt, Eet di 
^£nert^ giiev'd to fe^ ^y^ipii i^n.^ 
And now rviTiembrlfig late tmpious if 
Wben, dii obedient to ^nB. comm^ui 
She touched the chrft v ^n unhaJlow^'a nand j 
lo big^WoIn iighf h^ d rage e^cprtTfi'd^ 

TJut heaved the rifing igis on her breaft ^ 

("Theii fotigbt out Envy in ber dark abode, 
Bcfil'd with ropy gore and ctols of blood : 
Shut from the winds, atid from the wholcfome £kic% 
In a deep rale the gloomy dungeon lies, 
Difmal and cold» where not a beam of Ugbt 
In?ades the winter, or difturb* the night, 

Dirr^ly t(i the cave her courfe fhe fteer"'d | 
Againit the g&te^ her martial lance (he rearM i 
\ht. patc« llew open, and the fiend appeared. 

^ A poilbaous morfel in her teeth (be chewed, 

Vm Aad gorged tbe flefli of vipers for her food* 

"ifiiierTa, loatbing, tum'daway her eye j 

[be Jiidcotts monfter, riling heavily, 




Came ftalking forward with a Allien pac^ 

And left ber mangled offals on the place. 

Soon as.ihe (aw the goddefs g%y a«d bright^ 

She fetched a groan at fuch a chearful %ht. 

Livid and meagre were her looks, her eye 

In foul diftorted glances tiiniM awry ; 

A hoard of gall her inward parts poflefs^d. 

And fprea4 a greennefs o^er her cankered breaft ; 

Her teeth werq brown with ruft ; and from her tongue. 

In dangling drops, the ftringy poiibn hung,. 

She never fmile^ but when the wretched weep, 

Nor lulls her malice with a moment's ileep. 

Reftlefs in fpite : while, watchful to deftly. 

She pines and fickens at another's joy ; 

Foe to herfelfj^ diiirefling and diftreft. 

She bears her own tormenter in her breaft. 

The goddefs gave (for ihe abhQrr'd her %bt) 

A ihort command : << To Athens fpeed thy ftight f 

<« On curft Aglauros try thy utraoft art, 

** And fix thy rankeft venoms in her heart/* 

This faid, her fpear (he pufh'd againft the giwind. 

And, mounting from it with an a6live boxmd. 

Flew off to heaven : The hag with eyes.aikew 

Looked up, and mutterM curfes as ihe flew } .. > 

For fore (he fretted, and began to grieve ^^r ' 

At the fuccefs which flie herfelf rauft give. 

Then takes her ftaff, hung round with wreaths of ikpmt 

And fails along, in a black whirlwind home, ^ 

O'er fields and flowery meadows t where flie HMN^Jji^ 

Her baneful coi^rfe a mighty blaft appears, 


•vip^.MrrAMOKPiil ioM n. up 

MOdflWS and 14i||jhli I the mei^w^ 
ThMdat, the,inpm» andtlitwlipl^ yuM, kid wnAit 
OBiaortdtiiaE|»«p49K>pl«dtowv«imftllt> , 
And breaibM: % ^iK^iag pbigue among their waUt. 

When ^Itbmt ft« beheld, for arte renowa*d. 
With peace madu hwj» and with fknty orown*d, 
Scarce co«l|l t^ hideova fiend ftwk t^art forbfar« 
To find «»o ^ >v8og<h^ dcfenr^d a <ear, 
Th* ufUtmmA now Ok cnter*dt where «l rift 
A|fauiroa layi, wii^ gtatle fletp oppnft. 
To cscq^ MuKMrya'e din commaBdy 
the ftro|B*d the virgin with her cankered haid^ 
Thm pufklf Aam^iatp her breaft conyef d^ 
Tbtftnng tp madnefii the deroted maid i 
H» fii||rie vfnoip ftiil lOfrorH the fmav^ 
VMs in the bloodt ^ fitA*» ui the heart. 

i^o anake the work BRoit Ave, a (bene ihe drcwv 
And plac*a before Ae dfcaming viigin^s iriew 
Her fiAer^s marrisifey knd her glorious fate | ^ 
\ Tk* imaginary brideMbyfears in ftate { 

• Ue brtdegroom with unwonted beauty glows^) 
lor Envy inagniHes whatever (he (hows. 

• Full of the ((preaini Aglauros pin'd away 

• i h tears all nighr» in darknels ail the day j 
i WumM like ije, , that juft begins to run, 

• y.^lni itebiyt fmitten by the diftant fun i 

;^lkej||iwhoteronie weeds, that let on fire 
i i» torhryrafted, and in i'moke expire* 
< (iniflMW^nvy (for in every thought 
!,^thoriit| the venonii and the viiion wrought) , 

I . ; Oft 


Oft (lid (he call on death, as oft decreetf. 
Rather than fee her fifter** wiih fucceed, 
To^ell her awfol father wint had poft : 
At length befbre the dcwr hcf61f fliecaft 5 
And» fittiiig on the groimd widi fallen pride, 
A paflage to the lofe-fick god denyM. 
The god careis'dy and for admifiion prayM, 
And iboth*d in ioAeft words th* enFcnomM maid. 
In vain he IbothM ; " Bcgoce ■ the maid replies, 
** Or here I keep my feat, and r.ever rife." 
** Then keep thy feat for ever," cries the god. 
And touched the door, wide opening to his rod* 
Fain would ihe rife, and ftop him, but (he found 
Her trunk too heavy to forfake the gronnd j 
Her joints are all benumbed, her hands are pale^ 

And marble now appears in every nail. 
Aa when a cancer in the body feeds. 

And gradual death from limb to limb proceeds } 

So does the chilnefs to each vitaf part * 

Spread by degrees, and creeps inter her heart ; 

Till, hardening every where, and fpeechlefs grown. 

She fits unmovM, and freezes to a ftone. 

But ftill her envious hue and fullen miea 

Are in the fedentary figure feen. 


When now the god his fury had allay'd, 'V 
And taken vengeance of the ftubbom niaid^jjfc jv 
From where the bright Athenian turrets riie^^^ 
He mounts aloft, and re-afcends the fkies. %^ 



Jorc faw histi enter the Tub lime abodc^ ^ 

AnJy at-bcjTthc'd among lite croud of G ,- 

BttkonM him diitj and drew him from tii 
And in foft whliptrB thus hh will exprefl i 

'* My trufty Hermes, by whofc ready aid , . 

*' Tby Sire'* camMaiidi* are through t be woirldconwy'^Jj 
** R€&ime thy wiflgSj exert their titmtfft farce. 

And to the walls of Si don fpeed^thy courfc^ 

'* There find a herd "' 
'* The neighbouring ] 

Thus fpoke the Goi 
The trufty Hermes on 
And found die herd o 
A neighbouring hiWf 
Wiitre the King's dai 
Of fallow -nymphs, yi 

The dignity of cmi 
(For love but ill Bgret 

ig 0tr 


■ ers nK^ii^ 

raye them lu u^c nionci 
=r with a lovely train 
ing on the plain« 
^1111 itingly pride) i 

The ruler of the JldeSj the thundering God, 
Who (balces the world's foundations with a nod. 
Among a herd of lowing heifers ran, 
FriOc'd in a bullj and bellow'd o*er the plain« 
Lii^ge rolU of fat about his fhouldei's clung. 
And from hit neck the double dewlap hung. 
H(s ikin was whiter tb^ the fnow that lies 
UnfuUy^d by the breath of fouthem fkie* j 
SmiU fining homs on hi» curled forehead ftand. 
At titm^'d and polilhM by the workman*^ hand 4 
Hii eyeballs roil'd, not formidably bright, 
*' .V 5»»M and lan^uiih'd wiili a gentle light. 


14* ADDISON'S poems; 

His eveiy look was peacefuli and expreft * 
The foftnefs of the lover in the beaft. 

Agenor's royal daughter, as (he play'd 
Among the Helds, the milk-white bull furVey'd, 
And view'd his fpdtlefs body with delight. 
And at a diftance kept him in her fight. 
At length flie pluek^d the nCihg flowers, and fed 
The gentle bead, and fondly ftrokM his head. 
He ftood well-pleas *d to touch the charming fair. 
But hardly could confine his pleafure there. 
And now he wantons o'er the neighbouring ftrand. 
Now rolls his body on the yellow fand ; 
And now, perceiving all her fears dccay'd, 
-Comes tofling forward to the royal maid ; 
Gives her his breait to ftroke, and downward turns 
His grifly brow, and gently ftoops his horns. 
In flowery wreaths the royal virgin dreft 
His bending horns, and kindly clapt his breaft. 
Till now grown wanton, and devoid of fear, 
Not. knowing that flie preft the thiinderer, 
She placed herfelf upon his back, and rode 
O^er fields and meadows, feated on the God. 

He gently march'^d along, and by degrees 
Left the dry meadow, and approach'd the feas ; 
Where now he dips his hoofs, and wets his thighsj 
Now plunges in, and carries off the prize. 
The frighted nymph looks backward on the (hore^ 
And hears the tumbling billows round her roar $ 
But ftill flie holds him fall : one hand is borne * 
Upon his back 3 the oth^ grafps a horn : 


0\1IV META^RFIt Booc H, 


!■ ta tiie >ir, ^adr ^cAvn m die 'VukL 

OPS «iM imifc^ ke the ififgie Ihit, 

P0W1 im %h Smim:k knm awwf^ 
Aldan ^ Ood dSilbtN^-^ to ber Sgte* 

l-i-^-^-t-^--t t^flD^r 




B • O K III. 


WH £ N Mm Af^cBor had his daughter ioC^ 
He frvt his ion to iearch on erery coaft ^ 
And Aernf y bid him to his arms reftore 
The darlittg maid> or fee his face no more. 
But live an exile in a foreign clime j 
Thvs was the father pious to a crime. 

The reftiefs youth learchM all the world around i 
But how can Jove in his amours be found f 
When» tir*d at length with unfuccefsful toil. 
To fliun his angpry fire and natire foil. 
He goes a luppliant -to the Delphic dome ; 
There a&s the God what new-appointed home 
-Should end his wanderings, and his toils relieve. 
The Delphic oracles this anfwer give : 

** Behold among the fields a loucly cow, 
-** Unworn with yokes, unbroken to the plough ; 
*' Mark well the' place where firft (he lays her down, 
•* There meafure otit thy walls, and build thy town, 
** And firom thy guide Boeotia call the land, 
<< In which the deftin'd walls and town ihall ftand.*^ 

No fooner had he left the dark abode. 
Big with the promife of the Delphic God, 
When in the fields the fatal cow he viewed, j 

Nor gall*d with yokes, nor worn with fcrvitude 5 S 
HergoitlyatadiftaDCchepurfued} ^ 


Oyn>9 MBTAMORPH. Book HI. 145 

Aadf «• lie widcVI afeof, in iDence pra j*d 
To the gii>C power irhofe connfels he obeyed, 
ttr wsf tiurovgh ioweiy Psmop^ flic took, 
Aad now, Cephilas» ccoft*d thf filver bnwk ; 
When to Ae liemvcnt her fystdwn front ihe laisM, 
And bellowM dbrice, then backward turning gazM 
^ On tlioie behind, till on the deftinM place 
\ €heflogp*d, nnd coucfa'd amid die rifing grafs. 
I' Cadmns fiflutet the Ibil, and gladly hails 
: The neir-fbnnd monntnins, and the namelefs vales. 
And thanks the Gods» and tmns about his eye 
lb ice his new dominions round him lie ; 
Then fends his fenrants to a neighbouring grove 
For living ftfeams» a iacrifice to Jove. 
0*cr tlie wide plain fhere role a ihady wood 
Of aged trees j in its dirk bofom ftood 
I A bulky thicket^ paAlefs and unworn, 

■ <rcr-nin with brtanbles, and perplexM with thorn ; 

■ Amidft the brake a hollow den was found, 

■ With rocks and Ihelving arches vaulted round, 
r Deep in the dreary den, conceard from day, 
I Hcred to Mars, a mighty dragon lay, 

L Bbated with poifon to a iiion(fa-ous fize ; 
l\ fire broke in flafties when he glanc'd his eyes : 
y. Hi< towering creft was glorious to behold, 
1 Uis ihoulders and his fides were fcaPd with sold ; 
I rarec tongues he brandi(h"d when he chari^d his foe.^ • 
fci teeth ftood jaggy in three dreadful rows. 
Tbe T3rrian8 in the den for water fought, 
i&d with their urns explor'd the hollow vault : 

L IVow 


"H" t'.'j' 

>/ ..'■.:. irt:::'/*. r.,r .1::. :r: :r.':'.. "i.::! :i»I'i widi cstk, 
r » ...f. .:i 'hf: vv-ri- n .'."!:;:•;.;. #rr.: :nicr preparss. 

T i~ vr:*-^,i'. ; iV:.:.! v^ Me lici.i as bars 

'./•^r. i . -hr, /v;rh .i;;,ur'-ar.h' i ±- fxsi pLac:, 

7 ■ : ../ :'.'■ '. .v.! ' !.«:.* rcrpi^ he 7:c-c*.i. 
ft 1 .If . J . '^ 1 : '^ I ..: , rf r.. ! t.i;*rtin;j ia tiieir b Loo«i. 

OVID, MFTAMOaRPH. Boat HI. 14.7 

^< Such friends, k.e cries, defbrr'd a Vonger date : 
" But Cadmus wiil revenge, or ftiacc their fate/' 
Theii heav'd a ^one, and, rifiag to the throw. 
He fen t it in a whirlwind at the foe : 
A tower, afr^ulted>by,fo4rudea ftroke. 
With all its lofty battlements had ihook ; 
But nothing here th' unwieldy rock avails, 
Hebounding hannk^ from the plaited fcales. 
That, firmly }oin*d, preienr*d him from a wound* 
With native armour cmfied all around. 
With more iuccefs 4he dart unerring flew. 
Which at his back the raging vtrarrior threw | 
Amid the planted icales it took its courfe. 
And in the fpsnal maprow fpent its force. 
The monf^er hifs'd aloud, and rag'd in vain, 
And writh'd his hody to and fro with pain ; 
An4 bit the fpear, ai[ul wixnch'd the wood away t 
The point ftiU buried i» the marrow lay. 
And now his rage, increafing with his pain. 
Reddens his eyes, and beats in every vein ; 
ChurnM in his teeth the foamy venom ro(e, 
Whilft from his mouth a blaft of vapours flows^ 
Such as th' infewaal Stygian waters caft : 
The plants around him wither in the blaft. 
Now in a maze of vings he lies enroUM, 
Now all unravePd, land without a fold ; 
Now, like a torrent, with a mighty force 
Bears down the foreft in his boifterous courfe. 
Cadmus gave b^ck, and on the lion^s fpoil 
Suftain'd Uie-ihoi^ then fqi^c'fi hina ^P recoil; 

L z The 


The pointed j«nrelin warded off hi8\rage : 
Mad with his pains, and furious to engage. 
The ferp^nt champs the ftcel, and'i)ites the fpear. 
Till blood and venom all the point befmear« 
But ftill the hurt he yet rccciv'd was flight 5 
For, whilil the champion with redoubled might 
Strikes home the jarelin, his retiring foe 
Shrinks from the wound, and difappoints the blow. 

The dauntlefs hero ftill purfues his.ftroke. 
And prefles forward, till a knotty oak 
Retards his foe, and ftops him in the rear ; 
Full in his throat he plunged the fatal fpear. 
That in th* extended neck a pafiage found, 
And pierced the folid timber through the wound. 
FixM to the reeling trunk, with many a ftroke 
Of his huge tail,- he la(h*d the fturdy oak ; 
Till, %ent with toil, and labouring hard for breath, 
He now lay twifting in the'^pangs of death. 

Cadmus beheld him wallow in a flood 
Of fwimming poifon, intermix'd with blood ; 
When fuddenly a fpeech was heard from high, 
(The fpeech was heard, nor was the fpeaker nigh) 
*' Why doft thou thus with fecret pleaftire fee, 
'* Infulting man ! what thou thyfelf flialt be?" 
AftonifliM at the voice, he flood amaz'd. 
And all around with inward horror gaz'd : 
When Pallas fwift defcending from the flcles, 
Pallas, the. guardian of the bold and wife. 
Bids him plow up the field, and fcatter round 
The dragon's teeth o'er all the furrow'd ground} 



Thei^ ^^Hs the youth how to his wondti cs - 

Embattled armle!; from the Heiil Should * 

He fows the tteth at Pallas' s com mat 
And i^itigs the future p^opk from hts h 
The clods ^ow warm, and crumble wl r hc fow^ i 
And now tbe pointed fpears advance in j^^^i^ 
Now nodding [flumes appeal, and ftiining crells. 
Now the broad fhould^rs and the riiiug breaft$ j 
O'er all the field the hax t fwarraij 

A growing hod, a cj 1 

So through !he pai '^» 

In bodj up, and lim .« |p^* 

By juft degrees ; t»U lie mai* 
And in hi$ full pi^pt ikes th^ ^jkS* 

Cadmus, furprii'd ,rtled at the iight 

Of his new foes, pnr mf^lf for fight : 

When, one cfyM out| ^ear, fond man, forbear 

^ To mingle in a. bii ^jromifcuous war,"* 
This faid, he Anick his brother to the ground , 
Himfelf exptring by another* s wouud j 
Nor did the third his conqueil long furvive. 
Dying crefcarce be had begun to live. 

The dire example ran through all the field, 
Till heaps of brothers were by brothers kill'd ^ 
The furrows fwam in blood ; and only five 
Of all the vaft increafe were left alive. 
£cbion one, at PaJlas's command, 
I«t fall the guiltlefs weapon from his hand ; 
And with the refl a peaceful triaty makes. 
Whom Cadmus as his friends and partners takes ^ 

L 3 ^* 

l/\f. / 

'II' j,oi.v 

M I'i v/pr. 
'I III- fi-iji- '.' 

Till l,K....i . 

Hut Hill iv- 

I-.... v.l,:llf 

•lllll.i '' 
:. 1.111,1 ! > 

AimI I 

K.I.M.' ' 

I ;...■: ' 
A. \ , 
I I .. ■ • 

IV. • 

hf»1|lU PV-T«". 

OVIO, METAMORPH, ffoo T. 15* 

* The full I« hfgh adF^nc'd] antl dowi^^ 4> 

** His bamlng btnjns tfire^Jy o*i our h^t 

** Tli^n by (rortft?nt a^f?.im from further ♦ - 

** Cill oif the dogs, 'dt\r\ ^^iliQv ii|i tht t< j ' 

" And £re to-mijri'c**?*'* tnji begirt s hr» rac^^ ' 

*' Take the cool jtiofnin^ ro renew the chace,"' 
They nil conJentt and in a chearfol tram 
The Jolly huntfrnen, badcti with the ilaiii^ 
Rtttivn in tritHtTph Jto lit 

Rrff^ifeM vi-ith gentle is, a ihsde^ 

The chaiite Diann's f^r ^ hau...^ 

Full if) tbt center of 1 d^kfbme wi 

A fpacjoii^ gm:to, all \ o\r-gt^^tu 

With hoary iriof^, 3in , with ptimkc-l^onc : 

from out its rocky ch t waters ilow. 

And iricklitig fwdS Ir ikt below* 

Katurt bad L^^ery wht-rc fo play'^d her parts 

That every where ft^ feem^d to vie vi'ith ^rt. 

Here the bright gotkiefs, toil'd and chaf M with hvat» 

Was wont to bathe her in the cool retreat. 

Here did flie now with all her train refort, 
Panting with heat, and breathlefs from the fport j 
Her armour- bearer laid her bow afide, 
Some looftM her fendals, fonie her veil unty'd ^ 
Each bufy nymph her proper part undrcft j 
While Crocale, more handy than tlic reft, 
Gathered her flowing hiiir, and in a noofe 
Bound it together, whilft her own hung loofe. 
Fhre of the more ignoble (brt by turns 
Fetch up the water, and unlade theii* urns* 

, * — -. ■ . M :iv vij'mUi. 
. 1 ■ ■) •: ;iai4 r.ifc »vr.'.»- u. 

!!-.»i.* niic^ 4 .1 III. iurn*"wi 

i.'..'il:- >«uii.. !.. I ,ii\tlit.»1- iitl, 

.. .' .» . .11. '.•U. 

: . . . '.V.I liiiili.-^ ::• aiUi"^ 

•L . , '.:. »\u lit. ml: '! 

; .:j.-:v !».• :i.«v ijirir. 
. . .1 . :.. . ■• V I ••■SI T'dir nficic. 
■ ■:.> 1-.... ■.:.'■. :;:.:'■! , iic: how, 

...■_ . .:j ' •• . . '.'■ ' h'*V- . 

. .V- :■. »iuii^. 

: .1. ;.i.-,. ^. ."..;. ;: I* liu f^nkc : 

«... J - . -• ^—rvT . 

... .. ^. :, :^ ■:... : *.L. il lO-fc- 



And as he wept, within the watfry glaft 
He faw the big round drops } with fi]tnt pskce. 
Run tiicklmg down a lavage hairy face, 
Whit rtioutd he do ? Or ftek lib &ld abodes, 
Or herd stiiiong the deer> and iculk in woods ? 
litre flume diiTuadea him, there hi$ fear prevail b>. j 
And each by tuna Kit aking heart afTatli* £■ 

As he thu* p^ndcrsj he behind him f|4e3 jl^ 

fii< opening boutid*, ami ouw he hears their crieii -^ 
A generous pack^ or to maintairt the chace. 
Or fiiuff the v3.poiir from ihe fcented grafs. 

He bounded oJf with fear, and fwiftly ran 
O'er era^y mountains^ and the flowery plam ; 
Through biidces and thickets forced his way, and flew 
riirough many a dug', where once he did purfuc* 
In tain he oft endeavoured, to proclaiai 
Hi» new miaforttmej and to tell his name | § 

Kor voice nor words the brutal tottgue fopplles 3 
from lltoiiting. meiij and honi^t and dogs, he Hies 
Deafen'd and Itunn^d with th^r promifcuous cries* 
Whtn lUiW the fleeteft of - the pack, that preft 
Clole at hts heels, and fprung before the reft^ 
Bsd faftcn^don him, firatght another pair 
Hung on his wounded haxinch, and held him tbere^ 
Till all the pack came up,' and every hound ^ 

T<irc the fad huntfman graveling on the ground^ > 
Who now appeared but one continued wound, J 

With dropping tears his bkter fate he moansj 
And fill« the mountain with his dying groana*- 
Hit ferrants with a piteous look he Ipiesi 
Aoil turns ajb^ut bis fupplicating eyef. 




...i:ii r *': r--:- 

»i, .. v h h'j. :'.-ir:. ^.-:r fr. 
,'..,% ;...ik-f -'. . 
... *-. ;. ! I hi:..t: \ tra r.-^i. 

i . . . .... .1 A'. *.::.' t-..'- : I- 



» - * .1 

....I 1...U* 

** Ak my reproachw of fo fmali a force ^ 

* Tis time I thctl pvirfue another courfc : 

* It i% decreed tbt guntv wrec^^h JhalJ die, 

* If I 'm indeed l5ie miHrefi of thfe iky^ ; 

" If riglitt)- ilj^l'd ajn6jig the powers alcove 
** The wife and fifter of the thundering Jove 
" (And none cm Curt a. fiffer't. nght deny) ; 

* It 15 iteciiacd the guiUf wretcli !ljaI1 iVie, 

" She boaflJs a£ honour T can hardly tlaim ; 
** Pxetjnanl fhtf nils to a nic?tli?r'$ namei 
" Whtic pl-jud :md vain iJic triumphs in her JoTt^ 
" Atid AioW^ the glyriou^ tokens of hu love ; 
" Bat if I *m ill 11 the niiftrtfs of the ikiti, 
"* Bf her own lover the fond bcatily dies*'*' 
This faid} dcfcendiiig in a yellow cloud, 
Ae^ns the gates of Senu^le fiie tloud. 

Old Bcroif s decrepit fliape flie wears. 
Her wrinkled vifage, and her hoary hairs ; 
Whilil in her tremWing gait fhz totters, oa, 
Aud le±n>a to tattle m the narfe^s tone. 
The goddtfs, thtis difguis'd in Bge, bcg^ird 
With pleafiog ftories h?r falfe folkT-cIiikl. 
Much did file talk of lovt^, an J when fbc canje 
Tu mention to the nymph her lover's n3n;e. 
Fetching a. iigh, and holding down her hiad> 

* ^rh well, fays flie, if all be tme that 's Isid. 
^ But trui! me, child, I 'm much incUnM to fear 

* Some coimtcrfeit in this your Jupiter, 
** Mztiy &n hone^ wtll-deCgning maid 

** Has b«n by thcfc pretended gods betrayM. 

« But 



*• But if he be indeed the thundering Jove, 

** Bid him, when next he coyrts the rites of lovr^ 

** Defcend triumphant from th' ethereal iky, 

** In all the pomp of his divinity $ 

•* EncompafsM round by thofe celeftial charms, 

** With which he fills th' immortal Juno's arms." 

Th* unwary nymph, enfnar'd with what fhe faid,- 
Defir'd of Jove, when next he fought her bed. 
To grant a certain gift which fhe would choofe j 
" Fear not, replied the God, that I '11 refufe 
" Whate'er you alk : may Styx confirm my voice, 
** Choofe what you will, and you fhallhave your choice. 
** Then, fays the nymph, when next you feek my arms- 
** May you defcend in thofe celeftial charms 
" With which your Juno's bofom you inflame, 
** And fill with tranfport heaven's, immortal dame." 
The God furpriz'd would fain have ftopp'd her voice i 
But he had fworn, and (he bad made her choice. 

To keep his promife,. he afcends, and fhrouds 
His awful* brow in whirlwinds and in clouds 5 
Whilft all around, in terrible array. 
His thunders rattle, and his lightnings play. 
And yet, the dazzling luftre to abate, 
He fet not out in all his pomp and ftate. 
Clad in the mildeff lightning of the fkies. 
And arm'd with thunder of the fmallcft fize : 
Not thofe huge bolts, by which the giants fiain 
Lay overthrown on the Phlegrean plaip. 
Twas of a lefier mold, and lighter weighty 
They call it tliunder of a fecond rate. 


/'OVID, METAMORPH, Book m, i^j 

the rough Cyclopsj who by Joye''s command 
Jiper*d the bolt, and turned tt fo bis hurvd^ 
^r]t"d lip lefs flame and fury in rts make. 
And quench M it fboner in the ftanding Jake. 
This dreadFiilly adom'd, with hoiror bright, 
Tk* illuAfious God, defceoding from hh height, 
[*Cime niftiirtg on Iht in a llonm of light. 
The mortal dame, too feeble to engage 
Tb* ligKtnang^s flafhes and the thunder's rage, 
Cmfiim'd amldft the glories ihc tMr d, 
id in the terrible embrace expired. 
Bat, t0 preferve Ms offspring from the tombj 
I Ja»e took hini fmofcing from the bhftcd womb ; 
Jin^y if on -ancient tales we mav rely, 
litdos*d th' abortive infant in his thsgh. 
flere, when the babe bad all his time fulfill'dj 
ho firft took hira for her fofter- child; 
f flen the NifEans, in their dark abode, 
t'd fecretly with ifrjilk the thriving God, 



TWAS nowj while thefe tranfaftioiia pa^ft on earth; 
I &tid Bacchus thus procured a fecond birth, 
I WlieD Jove, difpos'd to lay afide ihe weight 
[6f public empire, and the eares of (late j 
111 to his Queen in tie^lar bowl^he quaff 'd, 
I* Li troth, fays be, (and as he fpoke be hugh*d,) 

' The fenfe of pleafure in the male is fiw 

* More duil and dc ad , than wh a t^y o a f em ale s fhare - "* "^ 
7 4 ^ Jun 

158 ADDISQN'^ i^^E^MS. 

Juno tl\e truth o£ what was feid deny'd ; ^ 

Tirefias therefpre muft the caufc decide j ^ 

. For he the ple?dure of each fex had try'd. J 

It happened once, within a Ihady wood> 
Two twifted foakes he in conjunction view'd 5 
When with his ftaff their ilimy folds he broke. 
And loft his manhood at the fatal ftroke. 
But, after feven revolving years, he view'd 
The felf-fao^e ferpents in the felf-fame wood j 
*♦ And if, fays he, fuch virtue in you He, j 

«« That he who dares your ilimy folds untye > 

■«' Muft change his kind, a fecond.ftroke I '11 tiy." •* 
Again he ftruck the fnakes, and ftood again 
-New- fex' d, and ftraight recovered into man. 
Him therefore both the Deities create 
The fovereign umpire in their grand debate : 
And he declar'd for Jove : when Juno, fir'd. 
More than fo trivial an affair required, 
Deprived him, in her fuiy, of his fight. 
And left him groping round in fudden night. 
But Jove (for fo it is in heaven decreed. 
That no one God repeal another's deed) 
Irradiates all his foul with inward light. 
And with the prophet's art relieves the want of fight. 


Fam'd far and near -for knowing things to come. 
From him ih' enquiring nations fought their doom ; 
The fair Liriope his anfwers try'd. 
And firft th' unerring .prophet jnftify'4 i 

5 This 

OV9V : A^TAMOWP. Brae UI. i sf 

htf aymphtbe G^ QipUfiis bad alw^d, 
nth all Jm» miAig ««ttn €kcmn(f»*6, 
Aad on tbe Ni|ak[4^ a lofffyboj, 
WluMn the loft jpaidi f^a tfMi bcbtM wkk 10^ 

The tenjeribuBC* Mickoiu to Iummt 
Whether her child ftoald ndi old age or BO, 
CanTaltB the £ige Tirafiat, yHio rc|ittee, 
•"If e*erheJww»hiMleir, he fucelf diee.** 
long fiT*d die dubioua aioftAr in {mipen&p 
Xaj tune narkUkd all dK pcophef § tefe. 
Nanatfba BOW his fiatecBdi year began, 
Jni tun^'d of hoy, and on the vtrgt of bmb^ 
Manj a firiend the Wooming youth canft'd, 
Jianj n love-lick maid her iame conftft'd. 
tek «M hie pdde^ Bi vMilfae friend care6*4» 
The Wic-fick naid m vain hor flame oonfc6*d. 
Qbci^ in4he tpoodey at he.piirlacd the chaci^ 
The babbliBg Echo had defoy'd hie £Ke$ 
-She, who in others* words lier fileace bccafcs. 
Nor Speaks bedelf but when another fpcaka. 
Echo was then a maid, of fpeecb bereft. 
Of wonted fpcech ; for though her voice was left. 
Judo a ctuie did on her tongue impoie. 
To fport with every fimtence in the ck>ie« 
Foil often, when tbe goddtCt might have caug^ 
Jore and her rivals in die very fault. 
This nymph with fubtle ftoiies would del^ 
Her coming, till the lovers ilippM away. 
■ i The Goddcis found out the deceit in tin^e, 
I And then ihe cry *d, ** That tongue, fur this thy criaie, 
' r ^ Which could fo many fubtle tales produce, 
i\ M Shall lie heceafter but of U.tlt aicr l:ltt^^^ 


Hencj *::: iht prattks in a fsunter tore, 

WIl: r:!.Ti:c f^undi, and accents not h-iz ovrcu 

Thii iove-iicic virgin, o7er-jo7'd to find 
Tag bof alone, ibii followM hira behind | 
When glowiag warmly at her near approach^ 
As fulphur -biases at die taper's touch. 
She k>ng*d her hidden paffion to reveajy 
And tell her- pains, hut had not words to tell : 
She can*t begin, but waits for the rebound. 
To catch his voice, and to return the found. 

The njrmph, when nothing could Narci^us move. 
Still dafhJd with blu(he« for her llighted love, 
Liv'd in the ihadj covert of the woods. 
In folitary caves and dark abodes ; 
Where pining wander'd the reje£^ed fur. 
Till, harafs'd oat, and worn away with care, 
Theybi^ding Skeleton, of blood bereft, 
BeHdes hei* bones and voice had nothing left. 
Her bones, are petrifyM, her voice'is found 
In vaults, where ftill it doubles every found. 


THUS did the nymph in vain carefs the boy, 
He ftill was lovely, but he ftill was coy : 
When -^cmc" fair virgin of the flighted train 
Thus pray'd the gods, <provok'd by his difdain, 
*' Oh may he- love like me, and love like me in vain ! 
Rhamnufia pity'd the negle^ed fiur. 
And with juft vengeance anfwer*d'to her prayer. 

'There ftands a fountain in a darkibme wood. 
Nor ftainld with falling leaves nor riling mud ; 




OVID, METAMORPH. BooKlir. i6t 

tTntioabled by the breath of winds it refit,* 
fJnfiillyM by the tdoch of m«n or beafts j 
High bo^ftn of ihady-txtes abore it growy 
And rifing graft and fearful greens below. 
Pleis'd with the form attd-coolnefs of the place. 
And over-heafeesd by the' iteming chace, 
Narciflut on the grafi^ irerdiire lies : 
Bat whilft within the cryKal fount he tries 
To quench his beat, he fe^s ilew heats arife. 
For, as hit ornn bright image he fnrveyM, 
Be fell in love with the lintMt ihade $ 
And oV the fair reieiAbhmce Hung iininoT^; ' ^ 
Nor knew, fond youth ! it was himfelf he lovMl 
The wcll-tum'd neck and fhoalders he defcrics. 
The fpacious forehead, and the fparkling eyes ; 
The hands that Bacchus might not fcorn to ftiow. 
And hair that round Apollo's head might flow. 
With all the purple youthfulnefs of face, 
That gently blushes in the watery glafs. 
By his own flames confum'd, the lover lies, 
And gives himfelf the wound by which he dies. 
: To the cold water oft he joins his lips, "J 

Oft catching at the beauteous fliade he dips f 

I Bis arms, as often from himfelf he flips. J 
^r knows he who it is his arms purfue 
^ith eager clafps, but loves he knows not who. 

What could, fond youth, this helplefs paffion move ? 
bat kindle in thee this unpityM love ? 
r own warm blufh within the water glows, 
^uh thee the colourM (hadow comes and goes, 



Its empty being on thyfelf relies 5 

Step thou afide, and the frail charmer dies. 

Still o'er the fountain's watery gleam he flood, 
JMindlefs of deep, and negligent of food $ | 

Still viewed his face, and laog^ih'd as he viewed. - 
At length he raisM his heat), sumI thus began 
To vent his griefs, and tell -the ^oods his pain : 
** You trees, fays he, and thou furrounding grove, 
<« Who oft have been the kindly fcenes of love, 
^* Tell me, if e'er within your (hades did lie 
•* A youth fo -tortur'd, fo pcrplex'd as 1 1 
•' I whol)efore me fee the chai^ming fair, 
^f Whilft there he (lands, and yet he (lands not there : 
** In fuch a maze of love my thoughts are loft $ 
<* And yet no bulwark'd town, nor diftant coaft, 
** Preferves the beauteous yoiith from being feen^ 
-«< No mountains rife, nor oceans flow between.. 
** A ihallow~wa^r hinders -ray embrace j 
*••* And yet the lovely mimic wears a face 
*** That kindly -fmiles, and when I bend to join 
•■** My lips to his, he fondly bends to mine. 
"•* Hear, gentle youth, and pity my complaint, 
*^^ Come from thy well, thou fair inhabitant. 
•* My charms an eafy conqueft have obtainM 
** O'er other hearts, by thee alone difdaih*d. 
*' But why (hould I defpair ? I *m iure he burns 
*' With equal flames, and knguilhes by turns. 
** When^e'er I ftoop, he offers at a kifs; 
*' And when my arms I ftretch, he ftretches his. 
*' His eye with pleafure on my face he keeps, 
"v* -He fmiles my iiniles^ and when I we^p he weeps. 

« WJi 


^Vfl>, MStAMORPH. Book in. t6i 

*< When-e'er I fpe^) his moving lips appear 
*< To otter fomeCbingy which I cannot hear. 

** Ah wretched -me I f now begin too late 
** To find out ail the lo9ig perpkx'd deceit j 
'^ It 18 myfelf I love, myfetf I fee 5 
*' The gay deluiion is a part of «iie. 
** I kindle up the ikes by which I bum, 
** And my own beai^ties from the wefll return. 
** Whom ihould I oovrt? How^tter mycompiaint ?- 
** Enjoyment but produces my veftraint, 
** And to9 much plenty makes me die for want. 
'< How gladly .would I irom myielf remove ! 
** And at a diftance iet the thing f love. 
** My breafl: is warmM with liich umifual ^e, 
** I wiih him abfent whom I moft de^re. 
•* Aad now I faint with grief j my fate draws nig^ j 
** In all the pride of blooming youth I die. 
** Deadi will the ibrrows of my heart reliere, 
** O might the vifionafy youth furvivc, 
•* I (hould with joy my lateft breath refign ! 
** But, oh t I fee his fate invoIvM in mine." 

This faid, the weeping youth again retumM 
To the clear fountain, where again he burn'd j 
His tears defac'd t^ furfaoe of the well. 
With circle after circle, as they i'ell : 
A-nd now the lovdy face but half s^pears, 
O-^r-run with wriakles, and defoinnM wi^tearg. 
<< Ah Mdiither, csies NarciCus, doft thou fly f 
<< Let me j&ili feed the fiame kxy which I die | 
<« Let me ftill fee, though I 'm no further bleft/' 
Then rends hie garment off, and beats his breaft : 

M 2 Hrs 

A P P ' 

Still o'erth ^^^ . ^,^ , . »..-w. 

Still vievv\* ' _^. ...:"...... -^.. 

At Kni:tl^ ' _. -.i-^ '• '*•»» 

•' Yo'i ■ ■ ,, ...Uu . .■"^••:«'. 

-IJ ■ ■ ■■ ■• 

«« "Wb'^ v .11. ill*. *l. ♦■'V, 

li.-*.- — '■• 

<« T-ll ... ..; ..; . ill. 411- iiiniin. 

«* A ' \. .11... ••• viuii. 

<* ] 

..., ». 01% i'i"v'll to let. 

.,...,... 1,. .v.M% sroan; 

;„ . xinph W'pliC*. 

,. .,M.ii.l ujua- tcil 

^ ....i.'-.jk. l»o« 

S . N .l,^.."*'^ 







evtnt give blind Tircrnsi fame, 
eccc cftiiblifh'd in u prophet's name* 
Icw'ii Fcuthi'UA Qtiiy duiil d«H dc 
pcoplcj iind their cydcfi guide,, 
t' i^ruphcE iu bis (vtty dudt 
lioaiy hoouuri cf hh h^^d ^ 
'l\f piTJ'umpt\ious man, 'twere well fm thtt; 
:rt e^elefs too, und blind^ like me ; 
nt comes, nay, 'tis already hct^, 
jQUng ^od*i folemtiities rippeur j 
thou dolt not i^itli ImH nttrs udoin, 
mft cuxvfej into pieces tom^ 
• tlie woodii !iiid hstng on every thorn 
n, remember what 1 now forciej, 
the bimd Tirefias Taw too well.*'* 
; IcDms him, and derides his ikill ^ 
ill the prophet's t hi cuts fulfiL 
ugh proftrate Greece young Bacchus rode, 
ig matrons celebrate the god, 
1 fcxes to his Orgies ran, 
the pomps, and fill the train, 
us thds his wicked rage cxprcfsM ; 
nels, Thebans, has your Toul polVefs'd ? 
r timbrels, can a drunken fhout, 
wd clamours of a beaftly rout, 
your courage ? Can the weak alarm 
s yell thofe ilubborn fouls difarm, 

M 3 ♦♦ Wiom 



ih naked bofom redden'd with the blow. 
In fuch a blufli as purple cluftcrs ihow. 
Ere yet the fun^s autumnal hetts refine 
The fprightly juice, and mellow it to wine. 
The glowing beauties of his breaft he fpies* 
And with a new redoubled pafCon dies. 
As wax dilTolves, as ice begins to run. 
And trickle into drops before the fun. 
So melts the youth, and languishes away : 
His beaiity withers, and his limbs decay. 
And none of thofe attra^ve charms remain. 
To which the flighted Echo fued in vain. 

She faw him in his prefent mifery. 
Whom, fpite of all her wrongs, ihe grieved to fee. 
She anfwerM fadly to the lover's moan, 
Sigh'd back his fighs, and groan'd to every, groan.; 
** Ah youth ! belov'd in vain," Nat ciflus cries ; 
•* Ah youth ! belov'd in vain," the nymph replies. 
** Farewel," fays he : the parting found fcarce fell 
From his faint lips, but (he replyM, " Farewel," 
Then on th' unwholfome earth he gafping lies. 
Till death fhuts up thofe felf-admiring eyes. 
To the cold fliades his flitting ghoft retires. 
And in the Stygian waves itlelf admires. 

For him the Naiads and the' Dryads mourn, 
"Whom the fad Echo anfwers in her turn : 
And now the fifter-nymphs prepare his urn ; 
When, looking for his corpfe, they only found 
A rifing flalk with yellow bloflbms crown'd. 



m^ ^rETAMORPH. Boor !IL le; 
l^iutllre ufg*ii him to |^te p>r 
It Hv iMti; the tvf etch iHit nvn the itiort* 

So J i> a nvfr ^(idy ijlific, _ 

fn • ftnootli C9ur(«t and niofkniiTr lirfcj 
lit tf wirh J;i*n* it4 tiw itah wc n?rtrAm* 
beait dovk'O d), J«it1 fcamt sli^cg the pl^in, 

now ht» (Vtyjiit tetanic bdlf^c*r*d mxh hloott, 
iluir hciiighiy prince ta ihtc li;e god j 
!ie f;ci<l tWy I(infi4 itiot hi the f'i'anik ttit^tigt 
diAtjj^M .i re ^ lull* votAjy .ilang. 


HtM PcfltLirm vipw*d wittk ftiry In Kii lo^>k^ 
Ind ic»n;c wnf trtclh, while thus he I'poltf 

Vik ilave \v.r . iv vengcaBcc iluU{ purfpr, 
A lid iKXtify thy h^ile ^cdttlouA cmw : 
Thy eountT)*, aiuI thy purem^ige mvt^iir 
Attd* why OtQU fe>m'it m thdie mad orgitt, ttlK''* 

intrtt eytir> 

. iktnxt I cainc^ 

Jl_,, ' _ .... ....♦..- . 



** Whom nor the fword nor trumpet e'er could fright, 

** Nor the loud din and horror of a fight ? 

*' And you, our fires, who left your old abodes, 

" And fix'd in foreign earth yow country gods 5 

** Will you without a ftroke your city yield, 

** And poorly quit an undifputed field ? 

•* But you, whofe youth and vigour fhould infpire 

<* Heroic wannth, and kindle martial fire, 

*« Whom bumifh'd arms and crefted helmets grace, 

*' Not flowery garlands and a painted face ; 

** Remember him to whom you iland allyM : 

** The ferpent for his well of waters dy'd. 

** He fought the ftrong ; do you his courage ihow,, 

** And gain a conqueft d'tr a feeble foe. 

" If Thebes muft fall, oh might the fates afford 

*' A nobler dcom, from famine, fire, or fword ! 

" Then might the Thebans perifh with renown : 

** But now a beardlefs vi£lor facks the town 5 

•* Whom nor the prancing fteed, nor ponderous (hield, 

•* Nor the hackM helmet, nor the dufty field, 

«• But the foft joys of luxury and eafe, 

•' The purple vefts, and flowery garland pleafe* 

** Stand then afide, 1*11 make the counterfeit 

** Renounce his godhead, and confefs the cheat, 

** Acrifms from the Grecian walls repelPd 

** This boafted power j why then ihould Pentheus yield > 

** Go quickly, drag th* audacious boy to me i 

*< I'll try the force of his divinity." 

Thus did th* audacious wretch thofe rites profane y 

His friends difliiade th^ audacious wretch in vain } 


OViDi, METAM«R?H. Boorlir. ' li^r 
In tain hid grSind!fire ui^^d him to gite o*er 
His impicius threats $ thtf \treteh bttt rA^ti the itidrc^ 

So have I ftffeft a rfver gefttly glide. 
In a fmoioth courfe> and inof2tn£ve tide $ 
But if with dams its ciirrei^ we reftrarn. 
It bears down ally and fbamt along the pUin. 

But now his fervants^canie befinearM with blood. 
Sent by their haughty prince to feize the god i 
The g#d they fcAsnd not in the frantic throng. 
But dragged a ^alcnxs votary along. 


HIM Pentbeus view-d with fiiiy in his look. 
And fcarce withheld his hands, while thus- he ipoke r 
** Vile flave whom fpeedy vengeance fliall purfue, ^ 
*' And tierrify thy bafe feditious crew : 
" Thy country, and thy parentage reveal, 
" And, why thou jdin'ft in thefe mad orgies, tell.'* 

The captive views him with undaunted eyes. 
And, arm'd with inward innocence, replies : 

«' From high Meonia's rocky flrores I came, 
" Of poor defcent, Ac^etes is my name : 
** My fire wals meanly born ; no oxen ploughed 
" His fruitful fields, nor in his paftures low'd, 
<* His whole eftate withiti the waters lay j 
<* With lines and hooks he caught the finny prey j 
** His art was all his livelihobd 5 which he 
<* TKtfS with his dymg lips beq\ieath\l tso me : 

M.4 - '' Iiv 


** In ftreams, my boy, and rivers, take thy chance ; 
** There fwims, faid he, thy whole inheritance. 

** Long did I live on this poor legacy, 
** Till, tir'd with rock8> and my own native iky, 
** To arts of navigation I inclined. $ 
•* ObfervM the turns and changes of the wind; 
** LeamM the fit havens, and began to note 
<* The ftormy Hyades, the rainy Goat, 
" The blight Taygete, and the ihining Bears,. 
** With all the failor's catalogue of ftars. 

" Once, as by chance for Delos I defignM, 
♦* My vefl'el, driv'n by a ftrong guft of wind, 
" MoorM in a Chian creek : a/hore I went, 
«* And all the following night in Chios fpent. 
*< When morning rofe, I fent my mates to bring 
•* Supplies of water from a. neighbouring fpring, 
•< Wkilft I the motion of the winds explor'd j 
'* Then fummon'd-in my crew, and went aboard. 
•* Opheltes heai'd my fummons, ^and with joy 
" Brought to the fliore a foft and lovely boy, 
•* With more than female fweetnefs in his look, 
** Whom ftraggling in the neighbouring fieldshelook. 
** With fumes of wine the little captive glows, 
** And nods with fleep, and daggers as he goes. 

" I view'd him nicely, and began to trace O 

*' Each heavenly feature, each immortal grace, > 

** And faw divinity in all his face. j 

'< I know not who, f^id I, this god fliould be y 
" But that he is a god I plainly fee : 
** And thou, whoe'er thou art, excufc the force 
" Thefe men have us'd, and oh befriend our courfc ! 

« Pray 



OVID, METAMORfir. Booic III. - j£^ 

•* Pray not for us, the nimble Xlt(^ys caryldj. 

*< Di6lys, that could the main-top-maft befbride^ 

^' And down thp ropes with a£Uve vigour flide^ 

" To the fame purpofe old Epopeus fpoke, 

** Who over- loo^k'd the oars, and tim'd the ftroke; » 

** The fame the pilot, and the fame the reft j 

** Such impious avarice their fouls. pofTeft. 

** Nay, heaven forbid that I ihould bear away 

" Within my veflel fo divine a prey^ 

" Said I i and ftood to hinder their intent ;. 

" When LyeabaS) a wretch for murder fent 

" From Tufcany,, lo fufFcr baniihment,- 

** With his clench'd fift had ftruck me over-board^ - 

*' Had not my hands in falling grafp'd acord. 

** His bafe confederates the {a£t approve 5 
" When Bacchus (for 'twas he) began to move^ 
" Wak'd by the noife and clamours which they rais'd ;» 
" And (hook his drowfy limbs, and round him gaz^dn. 
** What means this noife ? he cries; am I betray'd? 
** Ah ! whither, whither muft I be convey"'d ? 
** P'ear not,, faid Proteus, child, but tell us where 
** You wi/h to land, and truft our friendly care* 
'* To Naxos then dire6l your courfe, fays he j 
<^ Naxos a hofpitable port fliall be 
** Xo each of youj a joyful home to me. 
<« By every God,, that rules the fea or flcy, 
*' The perjur'd villains promife to comply, 
*' And bid me haften to unmoor the /hip. 
'< With eager jpy I launch into the deep j 
" And, heedlefs of the fraud, for Naxos ftand : 
^ They whifper oft, and beckon with the hand. 

«' And; 




" And give me figns, all anxious for their prey, 
** To tack about, and ftcer another way. 
** Then let fome other to niy poft iricceed, 
** Said I^ I 'm gBittfeft of fo fbul a deed. 
<< Whaty fays EtKalien, ittvil the fliip^s whole crew 
*^ Follow jTour humour, ind depetld on you f 
*• And ftraigfat hknielf he (eated at the prore, 
^ And tack*d about, and fought another fhore. 

** Thebeauteottsyouth now found himfelfbetray'd, ' 
** And froRtthe deck the rifing waves furveyM 
'* And feem'd to weep, and as he wept he faid 5 
** And do you thus my eafy feith beguHe ? 
** Thus do y6u bear fhe to my native ifle ? 
** Will flich a multitude of men employ 
" Their ftrength againft a weak defencelefs boy ? 

<< In vain did I the Godlike youth deplore, 
•* The mote 1 begg'd, they thwarted, me the more^ 
** Arid new, by all the Gods in heaven that hear 
«« This foJemn oath, by Bacchus' felf, I fwear, 
" The mighty miracle that did enfue, 
•* Although it feems beyond belief, is true. 
•* The vcfffel, fix'd and rooted in the flood, 
** Unmov*d by all the beating billows ftood. 
** In vain the mariners would plough the main 
" With fails uttfdrrd, and ftrike their oars in vain ; 
•* Around their oars a twining ivy cleaves, 
** And climbs the mdft, and hides the cords in leaves : 
" The fails are oover'd with a chearful green^ 
" And berries in the fi-uitftil canvas feen. 
" Amidft the waveS a fudden foreft rears 
•< Its vei'darit head, and si new fpring appears, 
•4. " Thr 


f*- The ged^^fv no^ behold witlf open eye^ | . 
'< Axherd otfpotttd panthers .rottiidhiM lies 
<^ In glaring forms $ the grapj dttfters fpread ' 
*' On his fair brows, and dangle en his head. 
" And whilft;he frowns^ andbhmdifties hial (Jm^iv 
^ My mates, ftir|M-itt'd with ]hadnef«^or with fear, 
" Leaped over-bltetd j fir^ peifiir**M!id<lil foimd 
*^ Rough fcales^and fins his ftiiletiing fid««ibft^iid V 
•* Ah what, cries one, has thus transform^ thy look > 
»* Straight his own month grew wider as he fpoke ; 
^ And now himfelf he views -with like fufprite. 
** Still at his oar th* induftrious Libys^plies ; 
** But, as he plies, each bnfy arm ihnnks in^ ; 
« And by degrees is fafliion'd to a fin. 
•* Another, as he catches at a cord, 
** Miflbs his arms, and, tumbling over-board, 
<* With ^ is broad fins and forky tail he laves 
** The rifing furge, and floances in the waves. 
" Thus all my crew transformed, around the fliip, 
** Or dive below, or on the furface leap, 
*' And fpout the waves, and wanton in the deep. 
« Full nineteen failors did the (hip convey, 
'< A iliole of nineteen dolphins round her play. 
♦* I only in my proper fhape appear, 
*• Spcechlefs with wonder, and half dead with fear, 
•* Till Sacchus kindly bid me fear no more. 
*' With him I landed on the Chian ihore, 
<• And him ihall ever gratefully adore." 

<< This forging flave, fays Peathetis, would prevail 
" O'er ©ur juft fury by a far-fet«h'd tale } 

« Go, 



** Oft, .ftf n.m Kst rhe viiipH^ -jie L>^For«is, the i:*?, 

T A ftmcvr,»» terraraa imrrj iiiai xiaay, 

An<i ±e poor opsive ci a dungiecs bhy. 

Saf^ wtuift the wbipt zati tocazrcv are prcpor^dy 

The gates ftf fipesy of diemiieives tmbarrM ; 

At Ubcrtf ik* uM&Xtex^d capd^^ ^aads, 

Aflil lUi^ tW foc&ZL'd {fivkiea firain I&is hacds. 


Bot Fendiem, grcwr. raore farcus tbair before,. 
ftefoivM to fend his raeOecgers co more. 
But went himielf to the diflraiteti throngs 
Where high Cifhatron echo'd with their fong. 
And M the fiery war-horfe paws the groundy 
And fnort* and trembles at the tmmpet*t ibund $. 
Tranrported tbas he heard the frantic rout,- 
And rav'd and madden'd at the diiiant fhout. 
' A fffActou% circuit on the hill there ftood, 
Level nnf\ wide, and (kirted round with wood ^ 
Here the nifh Fenthcus, with unhallowM eyes,. 
The howling dames and myftic orgies fpies. 
I-Iid nuithcr ftcrnly viewM him where he flood. 
And kindled into mndnefs as fhe viewed : 
tirr Irafy javelin at her fon Hie caft; 
Antl cric», " The boar that lays our country wafte ! 
•• The ho:ir, my fitters! aim the fatal dart, 
•• And 111 ike the brindled monfter to the heart," 

Prnthpim aftonifh'd hcaiti the difmal found, 
And ivn the yelling matrons gathering round 5 


OVIDr'METAMOItfH. Bow Ut. 17.3 

He kn, and weeps at his approaching fate. 
And Jbqgs Ibr mercy, and rppents too late. 
" Vdp,' help ! mj aunt Autoiioe» he cry*dj 
'* Remember ho^ your own A6h6on dy*d.^* ' 
Deaf to his criesj the frantic matron crops 
Oiielhetich''d-ont arm> the other Ino lops* 
hi vain does Pentheus to his mother ftie. 
And the raw bkeding ftumps prefents to view : 
Bis mother JMwlfd $ and, heedlefs of his prayer, 
fior trembling hand ihe twiiSed in his hair, 
* And this, ihe cry'd, ihall be Agave*s ihare/* 
When horn the ned&4iis .ftrugglii^ head.ihe tore. 
Aid in her hands the ghaftiy vifage bore, 
Widi pleafure all the hideous trunk Curvey ) 
Tkn pnllM and tope^the mangled limbs away, 
A^ibiting in the pangs of death it lay. 
Urn as the wood its leafy honours xafts, 
Hown off and fcatter-d by autumnal blafts. 
With fuch a fudden death lay Pentheus (lain. 
And in a thoufand pieces ftrow'd the plain. 

By {0 diftinguifhing a judgment aw*d. 
The Thebans tremble, and confefs the god. 







HOW 8a]maci8> with weak enfeebling ftrcaras* 
Soltens the body, and uiuienres the limbs, 
. And what the fecret caufe, fhall here be fhown ; 
The caufe is (ecrct, b«t th* effe^ is known. 

The Naiads nurft an infant heretofore^ 
That CjTtherea once to Hermeff bore : 
From both th* illuftrious authors of his race *j 

The child was nam-d 5 nor was it hard to trace V 
Both the bright parents through the infantas face. ^ 

• When fifteen years, in Ida's cool retreat. 
The boy had told, he left his native feat, 
And fought ftieffa fountains in a foreign ibil : 
The pleafure leifen'd the attending toil. 
With eager fteps the Lycian fields he croft, 
And fields thatiiorder on the Lycian coaft j 
A river here he view'd fo lovely bright. 
It fliew^d tht bottom in a fairer light. 
Nor kept a fand concealed from human fight : 
The flream produc'*d nor flimy ooae, nor weeds, 
Nor miry mfhes, nor the fpiky reeds ; 
But dealt enriching moifhire all around. 
The fruitful banks with chearful verdure crown' 

• And kept the ijpripg eternal on the ground* 

^TAMORPfl. Book 

I ^ p^'inp^ pretide^, nor pro^js'd in the. cha 
Kor sl^ilfui at tb^ bow, nar ^t the r^cc ; 
Of all the blue-£y'4 daughters of the moi; 
Tht oiil^ ftrmger to Diana* s train : 
H^r h^trs often, as 'tis faid^ wou^d cry, 
** Fy, Salmads, what al\'vay» idle 1 fy^ 
■** Or take thy quiver, or thy arrows ieue, 
-•^ And mix the toil a of huiiting^ with tlijr * fcfcJ 
Nor quiver Ae nor arr™"" "*-"" *'"^"^'* ^^""t. 
Nor milt the toils of Y 
Btit oft would bathe ] 
Oft with 2. comb her i .v^.«%i 
Kow in ihe Untpid fln 
Aad dreft her im^e ii 
fh beds of leares (he 
Now gathered Aowcrs 
Ajnd then by chance s 
To fiew the boy, and 


he vitv Ji 

looting f,. 

/d her iimb», 
rw ftbout her ilreamt.^- 

ring, as ihc ftood 
n. what ihe vt(iw\l. 
Fain would 0^ meet ine youth with haAy feet^ 
Slie fain would meet him, but refusM to in««l 
Before her looks were fct with niceft care. 
And well deferv*d to be reputed fiair. 
** Bright you^h, (he criet, whom all thy featut^ prove 
" A god, and, if a god, the god of love ; 
" But if a rooi'tal, bleft thy nnrfe'*breaft ; 
" Bleft are thy pa^entSi, and thy fiflerB bleft ; 
** But oh how bkft ' how tnot^ than bleft ^y bnde, 
" Ally'd m blifs, If any yet aUy'd- 
'* If fo, let mine the ftol'n enjoymeBts be ; 
** If noCj bel|oy a wlilii^ bnd« in ipe,"* 



The boy knew nought of love, and touclit with (hame. 
He ftrove, and blufht, but ftill the blu(h became j 
In rifing blufhes fiill frefli beauties rofe 5 
The funny fide of fruit fuch blufhes fhowSy 
And fuch the moon, when all her filver white 
Turns in eclipfes to a ruddy light. 
The nymph ftiil begs, if not a nobler blifs, 
A cold faiute at leail, a filler's kifs : 
And now prepares to take the lovely boy 
Between her aims. He, innocently coy» 
Replies, ** Or leave me to myfelf alone, 
*« You rude uncivil nymph, or I '11 be gone." 
<* Fair ftrapger then,' fays fiie, " it (hall be £0 1" 
And, for fhe fear'd his threat, fliefeign'd to go j 
But, hid within a covert's neighbouring green. 
She kept him ftill in fight, herfelf unfeen. 
The boy now fancies all the danger o'er. 
And innocently fports about the fliore j 
Play fill and* wanton to the ftrcam he trips. 
And dips his foot, and ihivers as he dips. 
The coolnefs pleas'd him, and with eager hafte 
His airy garments on the banks he cail $ 
Hin godlike features, and his heavenly hue. 
And all his beauties, were ezpos'd to view. 
His naked limbs the nymph with rapture i|ues. 
While hotter paflions in her bolbm life, 
Flufli in her cheeks, and fpaikk in ker eyes. 
She longs, flie bums to clafp him in ker arms. 
And looks and 4gks, and kindles at his channs. 

Now all imdreft upon the banks be ftood, 
AmA dapt his fides, and leapt into the flood : 



His loveJy Umbt fhe fiirer witvirs <liyidtf, - , ^ 

Hii limbs appear tnot^ bvely through the 1 i^J^ 

A^ lilies ihiit within a cr^'ftal caStt 

Receive a gToffy luilre frorrt the gtafs, 

* He^smitiei he 't aU my own/' the Naiac ^m*j 

AjsdAtBgs «^ail, ami after bim /he ^m, 

Aod now ftie f^ftena on hkn as he fwimt^ 

And hold a him clofe, and wrapti abauf his lifufbt. 

The more the htsy rchil 
The morie Die clapt, an 
So wheo the wriggiiiig 
laefigk'e cbwsj and Iki 
Annjnd the fb« hit tm\ 
And twiftft her legs, ur 

The reftlefs boy ftiU . 
To free hiEnft:Ift and iti 
Aatid^ hi$ limbs &e kt 

And why, coy youth 

td W3A COyr» 

te ftruggllng bo jr. 
fn^ch'd on higli 

il h« flingSt 

ics about her wutgi^ 
y ftrove 

intwin^d, ' 

, why thus unkind.* 

'^ Oh may the gods thus iteep ua ever joinM 1 
^ Oh may we never j never part again !" 
^ prayM the nymph, nor did ftie pray in vain t 
for now (he finds him, as his limbs ftie prcfl^ 
Grow nearer ftill, and nearer to ber breaft j 
mi, piercing each tlie other's flelh, they rum 

Together, and incorporate in one : 

in one face are both their faces joined, 

Ai when the flock anil grafted twig cnmbin*d 

Ifaoot ii|i th^ fame, and wear a common rind i 

Soth bodies in a fmgle body mix, 

k £ngk body with a double fex^ 

N ^ 



Tbc boy, dins loft in woman, now furvey'd 
The river*s guilty ftream, and thus he pray'd, 
(He prayed, but wondered at his fobtr tone» 
SurprizM to hear a voice but half his own) 
Yon parent gods, whole heavenly names I bear. 
Hear yoor Hennaphrodite, and grant my prayer; 
Oh grant, that whomlbe*er thefe ftreams contain. 
If man he enterM, he may riie again 
Supple, unfinew'd, and but half a man ! 

The heavenly parents anfwer'd, from on h^i^ 
Their two-ihap*d fon, the double votary } 
Then gave a fecret virtue to the flood. 
And tingM its ibiuce to make his wiihes good. 


t 179 1 




THE ftoryof Phaeton is told with a greater air 
of majefty and grandeur than any other in all 
Ovid. It is indeed the moft important fubje6b he 
treats of, except the deluge ; and I cannot but believe 
diat this if the conflagration he hiiits at in the firf!: 

'* Efle quoque in fatis reminifcitur affbre tempus 

** Quo mare, quo tellus, correptaque regia coeli 

** Ardeat, et mundi moles operofa laboret 5'' 

(though the learned apply thofe verfes to the future 

burning of the world) for it fully anfwers that defcrip- 

tiony if the 

•* C celi miferere tui, circumfpice utrumque, 

** Fumat uterque polus— — " 
** Fumat uterque polus*'— comes up to " correptaque 
•* Regia coeli"— Befides, it is Ovid's cuftom to prepare 
the reader for a following ftory, by giving fome in- 
timations of it in a foregoing one, which was more 
particularly neceflary to be done before he led us into 
io ftrange a ftory as this he is now upon. 

P. 106. 1. 7. For in the portal, &c.] We have 
here the pi^ure of the univerfe drawn in little. 

N a •« — Balwe. 


** -— Balaenanimque prementem 
** ^gBona fui» immania terga laccrtis." 
iEgeon makes a diverting figure in it, 
<< — Facies non omnibus una, 
*' Ncc diverfa tamen : qualem decet eflc fororcra."'* 
The thought is very pretty, of giving Doris and her 
daughters fuch a difference in their looks as is natural 
to different perfons, and yet fuch a likenefs as fhowed 
their affinity. 

<* Terra viros, urbefque gerit, fylva(quc, ferafque, 
«* Flunrinaque, et nymphas, et cstera ntimina ruris," 
The lefs important figures are ^ell huddled together 
in the promifcuous defcription at the end, which very 
well reprefents what the painters call a groupe. 
** — Circum caput omnce micdnfts 
" Depofuit radios 5 propiufque accedere juflit." 
P. 107. 1. 27. And flung the blase, &c.] It givM 
tis a great image of Phoebus, that the youth was forcdd 
to look on him at a diftance, and not able to approach 
him until he had lain afide the circle of rays tltet caft 
fuch glory about his head. And indeed we may every 
where obferve in Ovidj that he never fails of a due 
loftinefs in his ideas, though he wants it in his words** 
And this I think iafinitely better than to have Aiblifnv 
cxpreflions and mean thoughts, which is genevally 
the true chara6ler of Claudian and Statins. But thift 
is not confidered by them who run down Ovid in the 
grofs, for a low middle way of writing. What can 
be more fimple and unadorned, than his defcriptioii of 
Enceladus in the fixth book f 

« Nitituj 

** Hub III, fiid Aflitew nMat oft fubjc^ Pdm, 
M f4ev«« Vadqpniy tibi» filibro crura preaiimtiir^ 
** 0igi ' j| f 1 JBtMi cifmt^ ful> qui fefupinut aro^M 
^ Bjittat, ^amwatngwe feroTomit ore Typlioe««/* 
iitt^K iiHigt w ksfe^iere is truly great and fubUme, 
of H •fiuit iMMnmag out a ftempeft of fire, and.heavii^ 
^«U Sidlyj with flbe body of an ifland upon hi« breaft> 
Md a^raft promontmy on eidier arm. 

That tat few books that have had worTe commen- 
tMoft OB ibem than Ovid*8 Metajoaorphofes. Thofe of 
Ae graver ibrt have been whoHy taken up in the My- 
Mogicffl and think ^ey have appeared very judiciotM^ 
tf tlwy have ihewn vt out of an old author that -Ovid 
ii — ii^fe^w in a pedigree, or has turned fuch a perfon 
■IB a wolf diat ought to have been made a tiger. O- 
tet kavc employed themfdves on what never entered 
«laihepoet*8 thoughts, in adapting a dull moral to 
Clary Aory, and making the perfons of his poems to 
fce only nicknames for fuch virtues or vices 5 particu- 
hily the pious commentator, Alexander Rofs, has dived 
deeper into our Author*s defign than any of the reft 5 
fcr be difcovers in him the greateft myfteries of the 
Chriftian religion, and finds almoft in every page feme 
epical rcprefentation of the world, the flelh, and the 
4enl, But if thcfe writers have gone too deep, others 
bve been wholly employed in the furface, moft of 
&cm ierving only to help out a fchool-boy in the con- 
iniing part j or if they go out of their way, it is only 
tB mark out the gnoma of the author, as they call 
N 3 them. 


them, which are generally the heavieft pieces of a 
poet, diftinguiihed from the reft by Italian chara£lei's. 
The beft of Ovid's expoiitors is he that wrote for the 
Dauphin's ofey who has very well ihewn the meaning 
of the author, but feldom reflefts on his beauties or 
imperfections; for in moft places be rather a&s tht 
geographer than the critic, and, inftead of pointing out 
the fineuefs of a defcription, only tells you in what 
part of the world the place is iituated. I ihall there- 
ibre only coniider Ovid under the chara6ler of a poet, 
and endeavour to fhew him impartially, without the 
ufual prejudice of a tranflator : which I am the more 
willing to do, becaufe I believe fuch a comment would 
give the reader a truer tafte of poetry than a comment 
on any other poet would do ; for, in reflecting on the an- 
cient poets, men think they may venture to praife alt 
they meet with in fome, and fcarce any thing in others ; 
but Ovid is confeft to have a mixture of both kinds, 
to have fomething of the beft and worft poets, and 
by confequence to be the faireft fubjcft for criticifm. 

P. io8. 1. 8. My fon, fays he, &c.] Phcebus's fpeech 
is very nobly ufherM in, with the ** Terque quaterquc 
** concutiens illuftre caput" — and well reprefents the 
danger and difficulty of the undertaking; but that 
which is its peculiar beauty, and makes it tmly Ovid's, 
is the reprefenting them juft as a father would to his 
young fon ; 

<< Per tamen adverfi gradieris comua tauri, 
" Hsmoniofque arcus, violentique ora leonis^ 
** Ssevaque circuitu curvantem brachia longo 
*< Scorpion, atque aliter curvantem brachia cancrum.** 



wtm him with bngbcttt in the way, 
*< — iVafti qno^sq icAor Olympic 
** Qgi ^nteoJbiU jacuktur fiilnu 
<* Non agathos cumis^i ct quid Jove majiw habctnr r* 
f*. ftifiMyr hoc naiiiii quod vero nomine pona, 
** Hon honor eft. Poenani»Phaeton»promunereporcis.** 
AnKn odier placet pafe^Uy tattles like a father, which 
hjr the way makes die Inigth of the fpeech very natu- 
nd, «ad condndes with all the fondnefs and concern 
^ a tender parent. 

M ^^^itrio pater dBt metu probor; afpice vultus 
<* Ecee neos t ntinamque oculos in pcAore pofles 
M JnSuatf &'patrias intus deprendere curas 1 &c/* 
• . Pt no* L 13. A golden axle. Sec.'] Ovid has more 
IHH and lepetitioDS in his words than any of the Latin 
yacla» which are always wondeif uliy eaiy and natural 
m him* The repetition of Aureus, and the triniition 
to Aigenteus, in the defcription of the chariot, give 
theie veries a g^at fweetnefs and majefty : 
'* Aureus axis erat, temo aureus, aurea fummae 
** Curvatura rotae 5 radiorum argenteus ordo." 

P. Ill, 1. 7. Drive them not on direftly, &c.] Se- 
veral have endeavoured to vindicate Ovid againft the 
old objedkion, that he miflakes the annual for the di- 
urnal motion of the fun. The Dauphin's notes tell 
us that Ovid knew very well the fun did not pafs 
through all the figns he names in one day, but that 
he makes Phoebus mention them only to frighten Phae- 
ton from the undertaking. But though this may an- 
fwer for what Phoebus fays in his Arft fpeech, it can- 
N 4 not 

■.^.;.; ai irt'jciTun *sfc lam mmnmiE ! 

4r' yi*ai^^ ^^mn isucj. ^i Lfem r .iiaf k dianat sad «■■»• 

\ -iKTT -^^ ic jul -^ -vx, 13.1 'tss liHrrrs s ^ & ■uaim c 

^- * nr.-.zs ,T .« «»acd cxxe sc ct: :3iaes frotfl 
w'^.rtt r. n-ui !n t.*r.»j*a:j«i •»i£ii tie oclier. Hlvs in cor 
trA -if •* A Sarr ae xsxk jvi taar J^csfisr €a^ a ikoa- 

csptilit ^irifotm,^ fvhevt be jujus a foracd piece ef 
I^^'a ( '^ ar»f9n« expuiLt aoh^aci'^ ) that he aiaj- 
c/y'r;,i-t th* foT.1 uui the whseli ?o the iaaie Terb- 

P. III. 1. 17. The youtr. was in a maze, fcc.] It 

it i!f,yfj(ii^*\t for a maa to be crawn ic a greater con- 
fnfit/n iWdft t)acton i% ; t ^t the andtheiis of iigiit and 
iUrkwAK a ] ittic flattens the deter iption. " Snntqueocvln 
itn^hrti yt;r tantum lumen obortx.'* 

Ihi'l. 1/10. Then the feven ttars, &c.] I wonder 
fiimr of Ovitl'ft commentators have taken notice of the 
ovrtfiKhf he hut committed in this vcrie, where be 
iriaVr the 'IViones grow warm before there was erer 
Ut* h a fiffn in the heavens ; for he tells us in this very 
huok , that Jupiter titmcd Califto into this conilella* 



fion, after he had repaired the ruins IJhat Phaeton had 
«iade in ikie world. 

P. 114. 1. 12. Athos and Tmolus, &c.] Ovid has 
here, after the way -of the ©Id ^oets, giren ns a ca^ 
talogue of the monntainft and riven vAAdi were burnt. 
But, that I mi^t not tire the Englifli reader, 1 have 
left out fome of them that make no figure in the de- 
fcription, and inverted the order of the reft according 
as die fmoothnefs of my Terie required. 

P. 115. 1. 7. 'Twas then, they fay, tJie iwarthy 
Moor, frc] This is the only Metamoi^hofis in all 
this long ftory, which, contrary to cuftom, is inferted 
in the middle of it. The critics may determine 
-whether what follows it be not too great an excurfion 
in him who propofes it as his whole defign to let us 
know the changes of things. I dare fay that, if Ovid 
4uk1 not rcligioufly obferved the reports of the ancient 
Mythologies, we fliould have fcen Phaeton turned inta 
fome creature or other that hates the light of the fun j 
or perhaps into an eagle, that ftill takes pleafure to g^ze 
4>n it. 

P. 115. I. 28. The frighted Nile, &c.] Ovid hw 
made a great many pleafant images towards the lattor 
end of this ftory* His verfes on the Nile, 
** Nilus in extremum fugit perterritus orbem, 
** Occuluitque caput, quod adhuc latet : oftia feptem 
«* Pulverulenta vacant, feptem line flumine valles." 
are as noble as Virgil could have written ; but then 
be ought not to have mentioned the channel of the fbi 

w Mart 


*« Mare contrahinir, :icc<'Eque ett campus arrme," 
brcnuCc rhe rhont(ht is roo near "rhe other. Die image 
of ^hc Cyctadrs ifi a very pretty one 5 

** — Quo» altum tezenit aquor 

** fedftiMt montet, et ifnrfiM CfcUH angant^"* 
bur tio tri4 iM that the fwans grevp iMum in C%iter» 

« —Medio vohicres caiuoe Ciyftro,'^ 
and that the Dolphins dndk nor leam 

" Ne le ibper aequoni curvi 

'^ Toileve conluetas auilenr Oeiphinea in aam^** 
i« intolerably trivial on 10 great a iubje& as the bvm^ 
Hig o^ the world. 

P. 116. 1. 19. The earth at length, &c.] Wlebare 
here a fpeech of the Earth, which will donbdeiji Setm 
vtTj unnatural to an Engliih reader. It is 1 bcliere 
the bokleft Froibpopceia of any in the old Focts } or, if 
tt were neyer lb natural, I cannot but chink §m ^eaks 
too moch in any realbn for one in her condition. 


P. 141. L 17. The disunity of empire, &c.] TTiis 
'ftory 19 prettily told, and very well brought in by thofe 
two ferimft line^, 
" Non bene contrrniunty nee in una fede morantur, 
•* Majefta» ct Amor* Sceptri gravitate reli6Va, &c.'' 
without which the whole fable would have appeared 
tery prophnne. 

I*, t^i. 1. 117. The frighted nymph looks, &c.] Thit 
ronftenmtinn and bch^iviour of Europa, 
*' -^-KlulHin dclipiHt imagine tauri 

" Europcn 


** Europen t venim tauniniy freta rera piitaras. 
** Ipfa videbatur terras fpe^^are reliftas, 
" £t comites clamare fuos, ta^himque vereri 
** Aililientis aquae, timidafque reducere plantas,** 
is better defcribed in Arachne't piAure in the Sixth 
Book, than it is here ; and in the beginning of Tatius's 
Clitophon and Leucippe, than in either place. It 
is indeed ufual among the Latin Poets (who had more 
art sUid reflexion than the Grecian) to taice hold of all 
opportunities to defcribe the pi£lure of any place or 
a£lion, which they generally do better than they could 
the place or a6lion itfelf ; becaufe in the defcription of 
a.pi6lure you have a double fubje^l before you, either 
to defcribe the pi6lure itfelf, or what is reprefented 
in it. 


FAB. I. 

THERE is fo great a variety in the arguments of 
the Metamorphofes, that he who would treat of them 
rightly, ought to be a mailer of all ftiles, and every 
different way of writing. Ovid indeed ihows himfelf 
mod in a familiar ftoiy, where the chief grace is to 
be eafy and natural j but wants neither ftrength of 
thought nor cxpreffion, when he endeavours after it, 
in the more fublime and manly fubje^ls of his poem. 
In the prefent fable, the ferpent is terribly defcribed, 
and his behaviour very well imagined j the a6lions of 
both parties in the encounter are natural, and the 



lJ4nj»uat»c that them more itron^ and mafcu- 
I'lTt: rf-Hp. v*h:ir wt •;{U2liy meet with in thii Poet: if 
th<:ie be any faults in the namtion, tiicy are thd'e, 
p^rhapiy which foilow: 

P. 146. 1. 8. Spire above Spixe, &c.] Ovid, to make 
hit frrpent more terrible, and to raife the cfaanAer of 
hi» champion, hns giyen tco great a loofe to his ima- 
gination, and exceeded all the bounds of probability. 
i-le telU u», that when he raifed up but half his body, 
he over- looked a tall foiefl of oaks, and that his 
whole boHy wa«i as lai^e as that of the ferpent in the 
fties. None but a madman would have attacked fuch 
a monger as this is defer ibed to be ; nor can we have 
«ny notion of a mortal's (landing againft him. Virgil 
is not afhamed of making j^neas fiy and tremble at 
the fight of a far Icfs formidable foe, where he gives 
«s the ficfcrjption of Polyphemus, in the Third Book j 
he knew very well that a monfter was not a proper 
enemy for his hero to encounter: but we (hould cer- 
tainly havr i'cin Ciulmus hewing down the Cyclops, 
had he fullen in Ovid's way: or if Statius's little 
'J'ydens \vm\ been thrown on Sicily, it is probable he 
wouhl not have IpaieH one of the whole brotherhood. 

•• — >'lKt»nit ;i», five illi ttla parabant, 

" Mvr liijTfim, Itvcipictimorprohibebatntrumque, 

•• (^crupnt J—" 

Ibitl. I. M. In v;un the Tynans, &c.] The Poet 
cmild Mut ktTp up his narration all along, in the 
fimiidrui mul nmp.iniiirMrr of an heroic ftile: he has 
•liriv iuuk iiilu Uw lUtncU uf |irufe, where he tdls us 



tfct MMrMr«f ifceTyrkois atthe fight if tiic ierpent : 

<* •-«TdgiriM»dif«ptA leoDi 

^ PtUif ««t| triom iplendeati laice* frnt, 

.« £t jtfcuhlm I teloquc animus prsrftantior pnm*** 
and in afew llnea after kts drop the ttiaje% of hia 
nrit, hr i)m fi^M of one of hit little tarae. How 
doea hm hngMvia tiiat which feems a lahourtd line I 
^ XriftiAfiuigQiiiealambentefflTvlBeralingwL** Aad 
vIntpaiM does he take to expreft dieierpent*8 breafc- 
iag the Ibtfe of Hie ftroke, hy ihrinkiag back inm it t 
** Sed leva tnlaiu erat, quia fe ntrahebat ab i£b^ 
^ Iwfiiqm colla dabat retro, plagimqna ftdera 
^ CradMMla ftcifc,. ace longcus ire finebae*** 

P. S49. If 4* And flints Hte future, &c.] The de*. 
ib^tiaa of the men rifing out of the groond is aa 
bcaotiful a paflaga at aaj in Ovid. It Arikes the inuu< 
l^aation my flnmglfi we fte their mocSon ia tha 
firft part of it» and their multitude ia the << Meffif 
** Tinomm" at laft. 

Ibid. I. 9. The breathing harveft, Ac] « MeflU 
* dypeata vironim." The beauty in thcfe words 
would have been greater, had only •* Meflis vironim'* 
been expiefled without '* clypeata;"' for the reader*! 
mind WDuid have been delighted with two ftich different 
ideas compounded together, but can fcarcc attend to 
fnch a complete image as is made out of all three. 

This way of mixing two diii^rent ideas together in 

One linage, as it is a g^at ftirprize to the reader, is & 

great beauty in poetry, if there be fafikienf ground for 

it ia tha BaMure ^f the thing that it daMboi. The 

4. Latin 


Latin Poets ire verv full of it, ei'peciallT rhc worft of 
them J rorrhe more corr« uie it but iparinglv, as in- 
deed the nature of things will lefdom iSard si juft oc- 
caiioa for ic When any diing we delchbe has accf- 
dentally in it fime qoalitf that feems repngnant to its 
nature, or is werr extraordinary and uncommon in 
thin^ 4i that l^ies, fnch a compomided image a» 
we are noir fpeakxng of is made, by tmning this qna« 
Itty into an epithet of what we defcnbe. Thus Clan- 
diaDy baring got a hollow ball of cryftal widi water 
in the midft of it for his fubjed, takes the advantage 
of considering the cryftai as hard, ftony, precion^ 
water, and the water as fbft, flnid, imperfect cryilal • 
aad thns fports off abote a dozen Epigrams, in fet- 
ting his words aad ideas at variance among one ano. 
ther« He has a great many beauties of this nature in 
htoi I but he gives himielf np fo much to this way of 
wiitiflg, that a man may eafiiy know where to meet 
with them when he fees his fubject, and often fh^iins 
ib hard for them that he many times makes his defcrip- 
tions bombaftic and unnatural. What work would 
he have made with VirgiPs Golden Bough, had he 
been to defcnbe it f We ihould ceitainly have feen the 
yellow bark, golden fprovts, radiant leaves, bloom. 
ing mctali branching gold, and all the quarrels that 
could hare been raifed between words of fuch different 
natami when we fee Virgil contented with his 
*' Avri fnmdentit )'* and what is the fame, though 
much finer exprefled,— << Frondefcit virga metallo.- 
TUi compofitioD of different ideas is often met wiifh 


iB a liiwle ftmCBDce^ where circamftaaces are happily 
itconrikd dyrt ftem wholly foreign to each odieri and 
is oAcnfamduMMig the Latin Poete (ibr ^ Greeks 
wanted aa fiv it), in their defcriplions of piftures, 
inu^gesy dreams, affparitions, metamoi-phofts, and the 
like I wliere they bring together two fuch thwarting 
ideas, by making qne part of their defcriptions relate to 
the rqpvdeatation, and the other to the thing that is 
scpnsfimted. Of this nature is that verfe, which, per-. 
faqps, ii the witdeft in Virgil) << AttoUens humeris 
** fimamque ct fata nepotum,'* Mn, viii. where he 
defianbca iBaeas carrying on his ihoulders the repu- 
tatiott and fbrtimes of his pofterity }. which, though 
VBy odd and (Virprising, is plainly made out, when we 
eonfider how thele difagreeing ideas are reconciled, and 
hia poierity^s fame and fiite made portable by being 
c^gmfca on the ihield. Thu8> when OTid tells us 
Aat Pallas tore in pieces Aracbne*s work, where ihe 
had embroidexcd all the rapes that the gods had com- 
mitted, he fays— *< Rupit coeleftia crimina.** I fliall 
conclude diis tedious re6exion with an excellent ftroke 
of this nature out of Mr. Montague's * Poem to the 
ELings where he tells us, how the King of France 
would have been celebrated by bis fubjefts, if he had 
erer gained fuch an honourable wound as King Wil- 
liam*s at the fight of the Boyne. 
** His bleeding arm had furni/h'd all their roomi, 
*< Aod run for ever purple in the looms.'* 

* Afterwards Earl of Halifax. 



FAB. ir. 

P. 150. 1. 5. Here Cadmus reign'd,] This is % 
pretty felemn tnofition to the ftoiy of Adtxott, ^ich 
is alt natBraUy tokl. The goddefs and her maids 
undreiRng her, are deicribed with diverting circum- 
Aaince». Aftasen*^ flight, confufion, and griefs, are 
paflUnately repreiented $ bot it is pity the wh<^ nar* 
ration (hoald be fo cardefly clofed up. 

<« — Ut abefie queruntur, 

'* Nee capere oblatae fegnena fpe^iiacula prsedae. 

** Vellet abeffe quidcm, fed adeft, velletqoe Tidere, ' 

'* Non etiam ientire, canum fcra fafta fuorum/* 

P« 153. 1, 10. A generous pack, &e.] I have not 
hat troubled myielf to call over AAseofi^s pock o# 
dogs in thyme s Spot and Whitefoot make but a mean 
figure in heroic verfe; and the Greek* names Ond 
nfta would foimd a great deal worfc< He cloies up 
bif* Own catalogue with a kiml of a jeft on it : 
•• Qnofque referre mora eft''— which, by the way, is 
too light and full of humour for the other ferioa# 
pwti of this ftory. 

This way of inftrthfig catalogues of proper name* 
lb llieir Pbems^ the Latins took from the Greeks ; but 
h«w made them more pleafing than thoTe they imi* 
tate, by adapting fo many delightful charaAers to 
thehr perfons names ; in which part 0%id*s copionfhefs 
of invention^ and great insight into nature, has given 
liim the precedence to all the Poets that ever came 
before or a£txr him. The fmocrthacfi of our Englifh 


ti&A trtndb^x' meItamorphoses. i 93 

^'<fij''«(9.«y^ Utt'iy the i^ietidap of proper 
MUje^'^irl^j^' nfltunl, and alififlotelx 

iilflffiiy,'iit ttfae'ai^i uWfiKreabattktora^ 
M H^ "'^ lufii^dBblii^ tepeftvtion of the twtitt^ 
iiliitLWnfy'lSie^ at€it n^ that are eiij;a^. 
For* kiid Homer or Viigfl only told us in two or direr 
Gan biibK tiieir figlili, that theit were forty tfaou- 
fiud of cfdi fiAfs qnr imagiiiation could i^at poffil)ly 
Iwift'tkiM fe fffiAcA ' Bi when we lee eveiy leader 
wupttlL MpC^ ind e?eijr .r^ment in a manner dniwn 
ip Dflinnt our qfct* 

FA B, HI. 

9, jH^'L «¥• Hoir*^eiiide^ &c«] Thi« is one of 
Ovid^ fiidflitid fioriet. Thfei tran^tion it proper 
nd maSoretdt Jnno, in her two fpeechesy afls in- 
rmiiytufely wdl the partk of a lefditing goddefs and 
a tatduig onHe : Jupiter makes a very majeftic figure 
with hit thunder and lightning, but it is ftill fuch a 
one at ihewt who drew it ; for who does not plainly 
^iicoirer Ovid*s hand in the 

•* Qua tamen ufque poteft, vires fibi demere tcntat. 
« Nee, quo centimanum dejiceret igne Tj'phoea, 
** Nunc armatur eo : nimium feritatis in illo. 
** Eft aliud levins fulmen, cui dextra Cyclopum, 
** SsvitisB flammaeque minus, minus addidit irae 5 
•* Tela fecunda vocant fupcri." — 
P. 155. 1. 76. 'Tiswell, fays Ihe, I'c] Vii^l has 
Aade a Beroe of one of his goddelTes in the Fifth 
Aneid ; but if we compare the fpeech (he there makes 
O with 


with that of her name-fake in this ftory, we may find 
the genius of cacfr Poet difcovering itfelf in the lan- 
guage of the nurfe : VirgiPs Iris could not hav« 
fpoken more majeftically in her own Ihape ; but Juno 
is fo much altered from herfelf in Ovid, that the 
gbddefs is quite loft in the old woman. 

FAB. V. 

P. z6«. 1. 9. She can't begin, &c.] If playing .on 
words be excufable in any Poem, it is in this, where 
Echo is a fpeaker ; but it is fo mean a kind of wit* 
that, if it deferves excufe, it can claim no more. 

Mr. Locke, in his Effay of Human Underftanding, 
has given us the beft account of wit in ihort that can 
any where be met widi. " Wit, f^ysJie^ lies- in 
" the aflemblage of ideas, and putting thofe together 
*^ with .qiiicknefs and variety, wherein can be found 
** any refemblance or congruity, . thereby to make up 
" pleafant pictures. and agreeable yifrons in the fancy.** 
Tiius does true wit, as this incomparable author 
obferves, generally confift in the likenefs of ideas, and 
is more or lefs wit, as. this likenefs in ideas is more 
furprizing and unexpe^led. But as true wit is nothing 
elfe but a (imilitude in ideas, fo is falfe wit the iimi- 
litude in words, whether it lies in the likenefs of let- 
ters only,, as in Anagram and Acroftic ; or of Syl- 
lables, as in doggrel rhymes 3 or whole words, as 
Puns, Echoes, and the like. Befide thefe two kinds 
of falfe. and true wit, there is another of a middle 
nature^ that has fomething of both in it««when in 


inMlU Cnfnra MXTAMORPHOSB9; 195 

inMMft Ihat bite kmt idcmbfamce whii cadi odier. 

Mil Ak 'both cgfwftJ bj die-fiune word, ^m mlEe u& 

4f<h0 aoHginly. of tlie wofd^io fpeak that of one 

ite i|id<ickd wider ky wiiidi it proper to the other* 

%k^ Cmt crtngJet moft Iteguages have hit on the 

!i9id« ndudi pfoporijr figniiies fire* to ezprefi love by 

(■mA j w w fore we may be ibre diere is ibme refem- 

'yaMe<iaf;tfae i^cas mankind have of then}! from 

loM l||e 5vjl^ Fdeta of all languages when they 

•Me hmn called Love a fire, confider it no longer aa 

Iht paSoOy Irat ipeak of it under the notion of a real 

'km% wmd, lb Ae tun of wit reqiiiresy tnake die Qmc 

WMd IB die ihiae fehtence ftand for either of the ideas 

iqe. iff anend to k. ^bea Ovid's ApoUo £dls in 

bfi^'be boTM with <m nfew flame i when dK Sea^ 

,%pmip hangaWk wid^ tUt^paffiony, they kindle in the 

mmt% ihe Gicek Epigiaoui^atift fWIl in love with one 

te tfutf^ * fiMw-ball at hlm» and therefore takes oc- 

C9§on to admire how fire could be thus concealed in 

jb/fW: In ihorty whenever the Poet feels any thing 

ia this, love that refembles fomething in fire^ he cairies 

•a this agreement into a kind of allegory ; but if, as 

b the preceding infbmces, he finds any circumftance 

in hie love contrary to the nature of fire, he calls hU 

leva a &«» and by joiniQg this circumftance to it fur- 

prises his reader with a feeniing contradi6):ion. I 

Itould not have dwelt fo long on this inftance^ had it 

■ot been fo frequent in Ovid, who is the greateft ad- 

Unr of this raixt wit of all the ancients, as our 

CcnHey is among tlie modems. Homer, Virgil, Ho'» 

O 2 racr, 


race, and the greateft Poets, fcorned it ; as indeed it 
is only fit for Epigram, and little copies of verfes s 
one would wonder therefore how fo fublime a genius 
as Milton could fometimes fall into it, in fuch a 
work as an Epic Poem. But we muft attribute it to 
his huraoiuring the vicious tafte of the age he lived 
in, and the falfe judgment of our unlearned Englifli 
readers in general, who b^ve* few of them a relifli of 
the more mafculine and noble beauties of Poetry.- 


Ovid feems particularly pleafed with die fubje^ of 
this ftory, but has notorioufly fallen into a fault he 
is often taxed with, of not knowing when he has faid 
enough, by his endeavouring to excel. How has he 
turned and twifted that one thought of Narciflus^s 
being the perfon beloved, and the lover too ? 

** Cun6laque miratur quibus eft mirabilis ipfe* 

** —Qui probat, ipfe probatur. 

** Dumque petit petitur, pariterque incendit et ardet, 

** Atque oculos idem qui decipit incitat error. 

•* Perque oculos pcrit ipfe fuos— 

«• Uror amore mei, flammas moveoque feroque, ftc.** 
But we cannot meet with a better inftance of the ex- 
travagance and wantonnefs of Ovid's fancy, than in 
that particular circumftance at the end of the ftory, 
of NarcifTus^s gazing on his face after death in the 
Stygian waters. The defign was very bold, of making 
a boy fall in love with himfelf here on earth i but to 
torture him with the fame paflion after death, and not 


tm»%jjM ^«^ «m^ ^W btolenWy cniel and 

%ifgfit»h1k ^"^ y^^ widun> &c.] « Dumque 
llppi ^dm cifit fids altera crevit.** We have here 
ojpi^^tbat mvKcd wit I have before ipoken of | but 
h|ilk ^ ]il^^u(e of ppa in it out-weight the true 
t|' irar if .inre czprdls die thought in other wordt the 
Mi.vbPOft loft. Thif pafis^ of Narciflus ptpba- 
rjMPC Milton the hint of applying it to Eve, though 
^Uif,hBf6xpnK, at the fight of her own face in the 
iBTa £u more juft and natural than this of Narcif- 
. , fhe was a caw unexperienced being, )uft created, 
Itl^freftce mis^t eafily be fubje6t to the delufion i 
tJgftattiM had been in the world iixteen yean, was 
Apr and fim to the water-nymphs, and therefore to 
ftpjinfrd conversant with fountains long before this 

P, ste. 1. 8. You trees, fays he, &c.] Ovid is 
y jnffly celebrated for the paifionate fpeechcs of his 
em. They have generally abundance of nature in 
in, but I leave it to better judgments to confidcr 
ether they are not often too witty and too tedious. 
le Poet never cares for fmothering a good thought 
t comes in his way, and never thinks he can draw 
rs enough from his reader : by which means our 
ef is either diverted or fpent before we come to his 
iclufion ; for we cannot at the fame time be delight- 
with the wit of the Poet, and concerned for the 
fon that fpeaks it ; and a great Critic has admirably 
U obierved, *< Lamentationes debent effe breves et 
' O 3 " concifa, 


<« concifae, nam Jacryma fiibito excrefcit, et difiiciler 
" eft Auditorera vel Le6lorera in fummo animi affe&u 
" dill tenere/* Would any one in NarciirQs''s condi- 
tion have cry'd out—** Inopem me copia fecit ?" 
Or can any thing be more unnatural than to turn off 
from hi« forrows for the fake of a pretty reflexion ? 

♦* O utinam noftro fecedere corpore pcflTera ! 

** Vottim in amante novum 3 vellem, quod amamus^ 
** abtffit.'* 
None, I fuppofe, can be much grieved for one that is 
io witty on his own afRifiions. But I think we may 
every where obferve in Ovid, that he employs his in- 
vention more than, his judgment ; and fpeaks all the 
ingenious things that can be fard on the fubje^^, rather 
than thofc which are particularly proper to -the perfon 
and circumftances of the Ipeaker. 

FAB. yii. 
P. 165. 1. 27. When Pentheus thusj There is a. 
great deal of fpirit and fire in this fpeech of Pentheus,. 
but I believe none befide Ovid would have thought of 
the transformation of the ferpent's teeth for an incite- 
ment to the Thebans courage, when he defires them 
not to degenerate from their great forefather the Dra- 
gon, and draws a parallel between the behaviour of 
them both. 

** Efte, precor, memores, qua fitis (lirpe creati, 
** lUiufque animos, qui multos perdidit unus» 
** Sumite ferpentis : pro fontibus ille, lacuque 
** Interilt, at vos pro fama vincite vedra. 
*< Ille dedit letho fortes, vos pellite moUes, 
** Et patriura revocate decus." 


n(0M.0VID*8'METAM0RPH0SES. 199 

Tlw iorj of AcCBtet has abundance of nature in all 
A^'pvts oif it^ at well in the defcription of his owh 
pitnUpe and employineaty aa in that of the failors 
dnnfibera and manners^ But the ihort fj^eeches (cat. 
land /vp and down in it, which make the Latin vtey^ 
■allDnil^ cannot appear fo well in our language, which 
it mdi more ftubborn and unpliant | and therefore 
■It Imt'tf to many niba in the ftoiy, that are ftiU turn- 
up ''tbe narration out of its proper courie. The 
tnoM&matioB at thie latter end is wonderfbllj beau< 


Ofid bat two itrj good fimilies on Pentheus, where 
he oompoict bim to a river in a former Aory* and to a 
war-horie in the prefent. 

O4 AN 



T7IRGIL may be reckoned the firft wbo intixxiuced' 
^ three new kinds of poetry among the Romans, 
which he copied after three of the greateft matters of 
Greece : Theocritas and Homer have ftill diipvted for 
the advantage over him in Paftoral and Heroics, But I 
think a]] are unanimous in giving him the precedence to 
Heiiod in his Georgics. The truth of it is, the iweet^ 
nefs and nifticity of a Pafloral cannot be fo well ezpref- 
led in any other tongue as in the Greek, when rightly 
mixed and qualified with the Doric diale£i ; nor can the 
majefly of an heroic poem any where appear fo well as 
in this language, which has a natural greatneili In it» 
and'cdn be often rendered more deep and ibnonras by 
the pronunciation of the Tonians. But in the middle 
ftyle, where the writers in both tongues are on a level, 
we fee how far Virgil has excelled all who have written 
in the fame way with him. 

There has been abundance of criticifm fpent on 
Virgil's Paftorals and ^neids ; but the Georgics are a 
fubjcft which none of the critics have fufficiently taken 
into their confideration ; mod of them paffing it over 
in filence, or cafting it under the fame head with Pafto- 
ral 5 a divilion by no means proper, unlefs we fuppofe 
the ftyle of a hufbandman ought to be imitated in a 
Georgic, as that of a ihepherd is in a Paftoral. But 



%W||i fhn ftqwflf both t]ieiepoem»lictin the fame 
f|ac»| tito 4cidmi.ia them ase of quite a dlfierent cha- 
if{kr» fiKt Ibo |«<ece^ of huflnuidiyasenottobede- 
Ipmdwitli tlw iaiplicitjr of a ploughman^ but with the- 
ijkbaft «f s poet. No rules thtreforey that relate to 
higmlj^ Mn aayiwryaffieft the Geoygict» fince they fall 
mdmltalb daihof poetry, whkh confiils in giving plain 
md tolft itttouQioas to the reader i whether they be 
wiil diMMtt •• thoft of Theogttit and Pythagoras $ or 
ffciiftphiwl fpe c ulationa, as thofe of Aratus and Lu- 
oeihMi or rules of praflice* as thofe of Hefiod and 
▼agil» Among- theft different kind of fubjeas* that 
ihkktht Gcofgics go upon is, I think, the noeaneft and 
but the moft pleaTmg and delightful. 
) of morality^ befides the natural eorruption of 
which makes us ayerie to them, are ia 
i £om ideu of ienie, that they feldom give 
IB oppoiCuaaty for thofe beautiful defcriptions and 
in^es which are the fpirit and life of poetry. Natural 
phibibphy has indeed (enfible objects to work upon $ 
but then it often puzzles the reader with the intricacy 
of its notions, and perplexes him with the multitude 
of its difputes. But this kind of poetry I am now 
speaking of, addrefles itfelf wholly to the imagination : 
It is altogether converfant among the fields and woods,. 
sod has the moft delightful part of nature for its pro* 
viiwe* It rai(es in our minds a pleafrng variety of 
icenes and land/kips, whilft it teaches us j and makes 
tbe dryeft of its precepts look like a defcription. <* A 
^ Geofgic thecefote is fbme part of the fcience of huf. 

<* bandry 

2*i A 31 E S S- A Y BT 

•• bandrr put mto a picsiinjr rfrrts, and Set off with all 
" the -j^eauties ind rmbctlhhments nf poetry." Now 
lince rhis icience at auifaandrr is of i very Isrgc extentf 
tbe poet fkews his (idll nx fingiin^ ant fiidi yt t ut^ 
«» ^n€tei on, » are oftfui, and at the hmt tune noft 
capable of ornanunt. Virgil was fb weil acqmiaAed 
with this fiecret, that tn tet off his (bft Georgicy he has 
nm inco a fet ctf preempts, which are almoff foreqpi to 
his 6abft£tj in that besuititui account he gives ns of 
the £gpB m aatnre, which pi-ecede the changes of the 

And if there be io modi art in the choice of fit pie- 
cepcs, there is much more required in the treatii^ of 
them } diat thej may fall-m after each cither bj a na- 
toral nnforced method, acd ihew themiehres in the 
bei and mo* adirants^coiu light. They ihoold all be 
£9 finely wnmght together in the fame piece, that no 
coarfeieammaydifcomer where they join; as in a cnrioos 
brcde of needle- work, one colour falls away by fach juft 
degrees, and another rifiM lb inienfibly, that we iee the 
variety, without being able to diitinguifli the total va- 
nifhing of the one from the firft appearance of the other. 
Nor i» it fo/Bclent to range and diijpoie this body of 
precepts into a clear and eaTy method, nnlefs they are 
delivered to ut in the nu>ft pleafing and agreeable man- 
ner I for there are feveral ways of conveying the fame 
truth to the mind of man $ and to choofe the pleafant- 
eft of thcfe ways, it that which chiefly diftinguilhes 
poetry from profc, and maket Virgil's rules of huf- 
bandry pleafanter to read than Varro's. Where the 



pMb 'Wffiiw'tdb « plaiiiljr wfa»t otoglit to bedone» 
Ae fMt afeir ooacctlt the precept in t defeription» 
iad nynABtt liit oonmtryBiia performmg the t^lioii 
■I ^idHck lie wooM iiiftro6( hit reickr. Where the one 
ftti oiit^ at' AiUy «ini diftinftlj at he can, tit the parts 
if tke tnitb» which he woold commiinicate to us $ 
the other finglet out the moft pleafing circumftance 
of this truth, and fo conveys the whole in a more di- 
eting manner to the underftanding* I (hall give one 
kiftwice out of a multitude of this nature that might 
1w found in the Georgics where the reader may fee 
the dillerent wayt Vir|^l has taken to ejtpreft the fame 
iki^t md how much pleafanter every manner of ex- 
praflkvb it, than the plain and dinCt mention of it 
wiMdd have been. It it in the fecond Georgic, where he 
tdb ut wiitc treet wiH bear grafting on each other, 
**- tBt fiepe alteriut ramos impune videmut 
*■ Vertcre in alterius, mutatamque infita mala 
** Ferre pyrum, et prunis lapidofa ruhefcere coma. 
•< . Steriles ptatani malos geflere valentes^ 

** Caftaneae fagos, omufque incanuit albo 
** Flore pyri t glandemque fues fregere Tub ulmis. 
** ^ Nee longnm tempus : & ingcns 
'< Exiit ad coelum ramis felicibus arbos j 
•* Miraturque novas frandes ct non fua poma." 
Here vre fee the Poet confidered all the efFedU of thisr 
ttnion between trees of different kinds, and took notice 
of that eflfedl which had the moft furprize, and by con* 
fequence the moft delight in it, to exprefs the capacity 
that wat in them of being thus united. This way of 


" :: ......■- !i: ? .• vi:-:;.!- a tm: 

•• i\-.Cw . ;.x*: tr.isrji 

■ . ■ .i.i : . -:nri::ir^ 2;. laeii. 

• * j;rr. i.-:. minu, 

. ~.... .: • IV. iI::oTsriss, 

..i.. :cti"s Co work 

..... ^u.-^. ri'tcfn: v/ili 

..:. , .'i: K^lrCt^ witt: 

: . . .. :xv ;.«;•. :;o: a 11.- 

. _ ..,. ....... -^ . nii: wnu- 

. :..; V,.;. . jr-. rcticniui,. a: 
. : ■• . : .^-^:l Liii :ii-- 


yiR^'IL^S GCOR<?ICS. 105 

Ibill^ KoraHMtn/ tflft oot of the pridpd argument 
■if Mgtt'of llisfotem, I know no one digreffion in 
dHr4lM^gic«itli*'iMiyfteni to>eontndift this obfervt- 
dMH hdldm thit in the lattet end of the lirft book» 
^MterttheBoM lavidiea-OQ^ into a difcourfeof the bat. 
tto'of Pllif^K^ *attd! the anions of Auguftus t but 
It fi'iMrilk '$rMt. to confidcr how admirably he hat 
tMMd«tf»obiM4eof bis narraticm into its proper chan- 
M$ sad onde hit hwfbandiiian concerned even in what 
iciBM tothe' bahle; in thoie inimitable lines ; 
«• fldliott et tempos Teiiiet» com Unibiis illis 
** Aitrieoln incorroterram moNtns aratro» 
« Skdk invetiiet foArfi nibigine pila : 
•«' Avt gravibos raftris galeas pulfabit inanes^ 
*( Orandiaqoe efibffia mirabitur ofla fepulchris/* 
Aad 8lBerwardt> ()|>ealung of Augu(his*8 actions, he 
fin leiaembers 'that i^;ricolture ought to be fbme way 
binted at tluooghont the whole poem. 
" -Non ullus aratro 
** Dignnt honos : fqualent abdu^^is arva colonis : 
«* Et curvsB rigidum falccs conflantur in enfem.** 
We now come to a ftyle which is proper to a Geor- 
gic ; and indeed this is the part on which the Poet 
muft lay out all his ftrength, that his words may be 
warm and Rowing, and that every thing he defcribes 
may immediately prefent itfelf, and rife up to the rea- 
der's fiew. He ought in particular to be careful of 
not letting his fuhje^ debafe his ftyle, and betray him 
into a meannefs of expreflion j but every where to keep 
op his vtrCt in all the pomp of numbersy and dignity 
of wofdt, 

I think 

-■ ' ,1^ h«»i«..i .#. rtinrtfr: ::rii . .-r.iiii. '^ kszi . r- 

•".- » -nvt iif ri*» .t.i-mni(v ir nt :gr»r?iir«rr, 

*^H rji*^ r .vi- 4ppar i -urrj. jt :iiniuiaBcr TmrTT T» 

V -y^ir Hifr HMT i»ii«si«;. it6C KmH -m vec^ Iihc iSB 

.r-^y^-f ,v iii^YvMrfr-v ):sair wsr sacs siscas^ 

-"v i/f </^ vt-viw t> •^' :-f«i3^r* -^^ ^j^rt jx. ins irfc 

^4S« -in* ♦«/>, A^ut 4iK?>-n. vxfluia Vjr^jl""-* Brafcr> 
y •^^^ *VV K** iW^ Wr/ r/^ i»i cCuk: Fc«*, b»it 

»«* ^'/^'J*, «>^#/, i»tr» ///-.•; /;v»i( ':r«ae from the cbjects 
»^*##»M4<if» J 0t,/i Uitd *rk7 \tti%%%rM}fHA miftt afftct«l 
it/ hi* 'UU nif9toh%, fh^ti y:*^y '«ftM\d have been by the 

I tit^W 9Hty^t jtiUi ihit Uidttt rr;henie of ruiet, con- 
M^-t ftf*> »UttHfhl huKi^i^ tUdt lleriod and Virgil luve 
fH*>» wHh )M fhin kUu\ of poetry^ wiiich may give us 
Ihmih huMfKi MiifitfH of fill! cxrdlcnce of the GcorgicK. 
'I'M U^^Ui Willi ll»ltiMl| if we may giicit at his chu- 
itl^Ui I) Mill ti|« wiiiiit^ii, he h:ul much more of the 
ItillhHHilHiMll Ihrtii \\\p Port in his temper: he was 
tll^^HilH hilly |(irtvi>i (liUiP«l» and frugal, be lived aU 


VII^piL^S GEORG2CS, aof 

Ai|i.lhi Qomlif , ud was pcobiUj for hit 

ihe oncle of the ii^{M>le adghbourw 

nefitpdaqplct ci^gqnd huflMUMlr]iLnn through 

Ittn wrka, and dirdEbd him to the choice of tillage 

aad wcrchmdiie, for the fu^^jed of that which is the 

■ioft ccktotrd of them. He is ereiy where bent oa 

mfrnftionj avoidB ailonanner of digreffioiia» and doea 

Bot lir out of the field once in the whole Gcorgic^ 

M» meAodln de&ribing month afbr month> with ita 

finycr. fttfimt and employments, is too. grave and 

fipqile I it takes off firom the furprize and variety of 

the Poem* and makes the whole look but like a mo- 

jfan almanaffk in verie. The reader- is carried through 

a fionrfe of weather $ and may before-hand guefs who* 

• is 4o meet with £how or rain, clouds or fun- 

'Aantp in the .next defcription. His^elcriptions indeed 

Iptft abnndance. of nature la them> but then it is 

Aatme in her fimplicity and undrefs. Thus when 

ht fytak» of January, " The wild beafts, fays he» 

«« nm. ihivering through -the woods with their heads 

'* ftooping to the ground, and their tails clapt be- 

** tween their legs.$ the goats and oxon are almoft 

'' flead with cold j but it is not fo bad with the (heep, 

" becaufe they have a thick, coat of wool. about them, 

*' The old men too are bitterly pinched with the 

^* weather j but. the young girls feel nothing of it> 

** who iit .at home with their mothers by a warm fire* 

*< fide.** Thus does the old gentleman give himfelf 

Up to a loofe kind of tattle^ rather than endeavour 

after a juft poetical defcription. Nor has he (liewn 

»o« A N E S S A Y O N 

more of art or judgment in the precepts he has given 
us ; which are ^wn fo very thick, that they clog the 
Poem too much, and arc often fo minute and full of 
circumftances, that they weaken and unnerve bis verfe. 
But, after all, we are beholden to him for the firft 
Tough flcetcb of a Georgic : where we may ftill dil^ 
cover fomething venerable in the antiquenefs of the 
rwoik ; but, if we would fee the defign enlarged, the 
•figures, reformed, the colouring laid on, and the whole 
piece finiihed, we muft expe^ it from a greater mafter*8 
hand. ^. 

Virgil has drawn out the rules of tillage and plant- 
ing into two Books, which Hefiod has difpatched in 
-half a one 5 but has fo raifed the natural rudenefs and 
iimplicity of his fubje^ft, with fuch a fignificancy of 
«xpre(Iion, fuch a pomp of verfe, fuch variety of 
traniltions, and fuch a folemn air in his reflexions, 
that, if we look on both Poets together, we fee in one 
the plainnefs of a downright countryman ; and in the 
other, fomething of ruftic majefty, like that of a 
Roman diftator at the plough-tail. He delivers the 
meaneft of his precepts with a kind of grandeur ; he 
. breaks the clods and tolTes the dung about with an air 
■ of gracefulnefs. His prognoftications of the weather 
are taken out of Aratus, where we may fee how judi- 
xioufly he has picked out thofe that are moft proJ)er 
£or his huibandman's obfervation ; how he has en- 
forced the expreflion, and heightened the images which 
lie found in the original. 

4 The 

^rtt^rhH^^b leases. -^ 

HJJpifimtte iiietaplKMra, ttAiii«tiy«f ^i«lb. Tbt 

■ NWbanff <h«c Ktta ifag'liltt,. to Ms km.'t1u( idb 
«llifa|^t1tti tiMi»t4^^a^^ nUta^lt(>n, butlidtro (hf- 
^4%'ltt 11d» j" tor btilbttk t}id'a|ht4 add p^U&o&s iftajr bb 
'ttMib laiUnUf tfcJited to a^ bee, tltim td an iiiariil 
^-Meflnft. ' flK'iMd'lHdiii dvw Hhi )>ii!aliire8 of a 
*-^diiiil^^%fe» As dsiy iUt^ Mcrtbed l>y ySr^ in the 
•1bfllM«AA df ltlk;lMt, eatl Ibarce iib vt Virgil'a 
'iBtiaA!«rpitftMfiig^ of tL ]pliildib|>lftf to it. 

';W||tJhBay» i^iyt/i^ the i^t*s tlMi hi hit de- 
: i^ll^lftii, fi^faeifaeaau to h^e been ^ i l^fvett kt the 

';' -«f^£43^tifvt)Mg^d^^^ 

I ' iiil tt'««OT Wlicre.menfioniAg, among His chief plea- 
tvAUp me coolness of hfs {hades and rivefs, vales and 
grtttoes, which a more Northern Poet would have 
OmTtted for the defcniftion of a funny hill, and fire-fide. 
' The Third Georgic feeflis to be the moft laboured 
of them all j there is a wonderful vigoor and fpirit in. 
^ defcciption of the horfe and chai*iot-race. The 
fvcc of love is reprefented in noble inflances, and 
tarj fublime cxpreffions. The Scythian winter-piece 
appears To very cold and bleak to the eye, that a man 
can (carce look on it without Hiivering. The mur- 
nun at the end has all the exprefUvenefs that words 
on pve. It was here tliat the Poet drained hard to 
'•rt-do Lucretius in the dcfcrlption of his plague j and 
P if 

.j£ .ui .(, 

.-...- I.' - :.. .^-..,..i\ .A ~ii5 

- .. . ..-; . ■: ,.".-1 -T,.c:iTOi" -.-: 

^. ; ...'."-.'.■.:... . .-.. ..".7. 3«r nisn|£T 

.' -..ft : .. ■- '.:r. : :v , .; 'l /. : .lil ll"^ .ICt: .1: 

.':....,..! i, ■-.;, .' ii... i'.r 5V::';:Tlt: 'n laiT.C 

:.f.... . .. ...,»:'.'. ;-.-^- r.-/ .'vn :i;2Tr.ssir, "aan I 

' I., .r .r*» • ft ;.iii.: "i. i»: ii .lUi r*.T'n. "v:!;!,:! .a"' ..3 

pot to it. The firft Gcoigic was probd>ly burlcfqed 
in die.wdior*« IKedmei lorweilill find in tKt^cho- 
liaft n i«de ditt rididilet part of a line tnniltted 
from Hcfiod» .•* Nndnt aii» iere nudut**— And we 
may eafily guefa at the judgment of thit extraordinary 
critic, wfaoerer he was, from his cenfuring this par- 
ticalar j|»ecq»t. We may be fure ViigU would not 
have tranflated it from Heliod, bad he not difcovered 
imne beauty in it } and indeed the beauty of it is 
whtt I have before ohierved to be frequently m^t with 
in Viigil, the deliraring the precept fo indireAly, and 
fingling out the particular circumftance of fowing and 
jdowing naked, to ft^ggeft to us that thele employ- 
menta are proper only (p the hot feafon of the year. 

I ihall not here compare the ftyle of the Georgics 
with that of Lucretiui, which the reader may iee al- 
ready done in the preface to the fecond volume of 
Mifcellany Poems * j hut (hall conclude this Poem to be 
the moft complete, elaborate, and iinilhed piece of 
all antiquity. The .^Jieis indeed is of a nobler kind, 
but the Georgic is more perhSt in its kind. The 
JEntis has a greater variety of beauties in it, but thoiii 
of the Georgic are more exquifite. In /hort, tl.e 
Georgic has all the perfe^ion that cun be cxpc^Wd in 
a poem written by the greateft Poet in the flowci ot 
his age, when his invention was ready, his inia^ini- 
tion warm, his judgment fettled, and all his faculties 
in their foil vigour and maturity. 

• Tht CoUe^ion publifhed by Mr. Diydcn. 
P 2 Ml 

[ «I* ] 


•' ,rif Bitiir 



KNELLER, with filcnce «rid furpmc 
We fee Britannia's monarch rife, 
A gddlikc form, by thee difplayM 
In all the force of light and (hade 5 
And, aw'd by thy delufive hand. 
As in the prefence chamber ftwid. 

The magic of thy art calls forth 
His fecret foul 4nd hidden worth, 
His probity and mildnefs Ihows, 
Hi's care of friends, and fcorn of foes : 
In cvciy ftrokc, in every line. 
Does fome exalted virtue Ihine, 
And Albion's happinefs we trace 
Through all the features of his face. 

O may I live to hail the day. 
When the glad nation Ihall furvey 
Their fovercign, through his wide commahd« 
Pafling in progrefs o'er the land I 
Each heart fhall hcnd, and every voice 
In loud applauding ihouts rejoice, 
Whilrt all his gracious afpe£l praife. 
And crowds grow loyal as tliey gaze. 

c The 


The image oa tbe ip^di^t pl^c''c|. 
With its bright rivtwid oi^ title 9 gric'd. 
And fbimpt on Britiih oonu ^IJ live. 
To j-jcheft ores the vaJM* glvt^ 
Or, wrought witliiii the t(^ripii& mold,. 
Shapt and adorn the ninning g<3ild* 
To bear this form, the gtiilal ibp^ 
Has daily fintt? hj^ coUfie begun 
Rtjoic'd the metal to -ifle, . 
And ripen'^d the Penn n iT^ine* 

Thoup Knellcr, loo with noble prkW, 
The forEmolt of thy a haft vy'd 
With niiturt in a gent ilrife. 

And totich'd the ca^iv: ^to life» 

Thy pencil hm, by ,archs fought^ 
From reign to reign ii . nilne wrought^ 
Afld, in the robes of 1 « ^'r^y*d, 
The kings of half an. ^^ diiplay'd* , ^ , 

Here fwanhy Charles appeaxa, ixnX iVr^r-. 
His brother with dejefltd air 1 
Triumphant NafTaij here we find. 
And With him bright Muria join'd ; 
There Anna, great as when ftie ftafc 
lier armitfs throu|^ xk^ coaxlnttUj 
£fe yet her Hero was difgtacM ; 
may fa«i^d Brunfwidi: be the lalt, 
(Though heaven ft^ojjJJ with my wUh agfcc? 
And long preferve thy av^ in thee) 
The jail, the h^ppiefl EritlHi king, 
?faom thou i^t paiat, or I {Jfi^Gx^g \ 

Li^ a:? CI SOX'S POEMS- 

''Vi:e Phiiiitjs tiim, kj» Ikill to prcv?', 
i hxuu^h :nany i god adrarc'd t^ Jorr, 
Aim thugbt the pciiJSu rocks to ftine 
With airs md liixiiufu tB diwne; 
Till Greece, amxz'd, md kUf-sBakl, 
Th' aflentbltd deities lixnrey*d. 

Great Pua, wbo wont to chace the fair. 
And icT'd the fpreading oak, was there ^ 
Old Saturn too with upcaft eyes 
Beheld his abdicated ikies ; 
And mighty Mars, for war rrnown'd. 
In adamantine armctir ArownM ; 
By him the chihUefs gcddefs roie, 
Minerva, ftudious to compofe 
Her twiiled threads ; the web ihe ftning^ 
And o*er a loom of marble hong : 
Thetis the troubled ocean^s queen. 
Matched with a mortal, next was feen. 
Reclining on a funeral iim. 
Her fhort-liv'd darling Ion to mourn. 
The laft was he, whofe thuoder flew 
The Titan-race, a rebel crew, 
Tliat from a hundred hills ally'd 
In impious leagues their king defyM. 

This wonder of the fculptor's hand 
Product, his art was at a ftand : 
For who would hope new fame to raiie. 
Or riik his well-eftablifhM praife, 
Tliat, his high genhis to approve. 
Had drawn a George, or carv'd a Jovr ? 


C "5 1 

P R O L O G u a 



ONG ha$ a. race of httx^es fiird the ftagr, 
' T'hat rant by no''^ ^nd ihroiig-h the g^mut ragt ; 
htlr iriarTtal lire^ i 

, fuge expire ) 

111 unditturb'd by wilj 4 
tnx]y fit, 
of thinking frct^ 

nil ft forfake the fie I J, 
loft Scarlett! yield. ^ 

^ poet of this day 

In fongs and HiTt exp 
Combat in trills, aiid 
While, luird by fou] 
Calm and ferene you 
And, from the duU i 
Hear the facetious iid 
Our hoitif-lpuo auth< 
And ShaiLefpFai« to i 
To your new tafts 
Was by a frieud advia'd to form his play | 
Had Valentini, muficaUy coy, 

Shunn'd Phaedra's arms, and fcorn'd the proffered joy : 
It had not mov'd your wonder to have feen 
An eunuch fly from an enamourM queen : 
How would it pleafe, fliould fhe in English fpeak, 
And could Hippolitus reply in Greek ! 
But be, a ftranger to your raodifli way, 
By your old rules muft (land or fall to-day, 
And hopes you will your foreign tafte command, 
To bear, for once, with what you underftand. 



C *»^ 3 

r R O L O G U B 

IN the fifft fifi; «ad inlaiicj of ^u-ce*. 
WImi fooUwtn mxajf and when i»layt wm finuKifc « 
Tbe raw impp9^»*d authors could, with eaie^ . 
A young and unexpenenc^d audience plcafe » 
No iingld chara^ier had e*er been ihown. 
But the whole herd of fopa was all their own | . 
Rich in ortgi9alt» they fet to view. 
In every piece, a co%coaab that was new* 

But now ovr Britiih theatce can boaft 
Drolls of all kinds, a vaft unthinking hoft! 
Fruitful of folly and of vice, it &ows 
Cuckolds, and ciu, and bawds, and pimps, and beaiixf 
Rough country knights are found of every ihirc } 
Of every ftUhion gentle fops appear $ 
And punks of different charafiiers we meet. 
As frequent on the ftage as in the pit. 
Our ipodem wits are forc'd to pick and cull, 
And here and there by chance glean up a fools 
Long ere they find the nccefiary fpark. 
They fearch the town, and beat about the Park^ 
To all Km moft frequented hauau refoit. 
Oft dog him to the ring, and oft to court } 
As lov« of pletfure or of place invites ; 
Aad fomtiimct catch him taking (huff at White's. 



HoweVr, to do you right, the jM-cfent age 
Breeds v^vy boptful i^ipuftf rs for llic fttgt ; 
That fcom the paths their dull forefathers trod# 
Ait4 won't be blockhtads in the camnion tqoA^ 
Do but fuiTfy this croudcd bouic to-*nigh; : 
—Here *s fHll ciicoura|;;efncnt for th oft wntf* / 

Our author, to divert his friends to- da; 
Stocks with variei/ of fools bis ckv: 
And that there may \h — ■■ iw^ 

Two laclk'i'crraiit has 


The firJt ii damft^ tra 

, »« 


The toother more rcfiti 


J 4 

Refcue, like courttrous 

?j UK njTfi 


And kindly treat, like 

►red tncnj 



E P I< 

E f I L O G U E 

WIfF.K Orpfc«J5 tan'd ois lyre widi pfeafing woe, 
Rtfcrf forgot to mn, zzd winds to blow. 
While li^cnmg forcis corcr'cl, as he plaj^d, 
Th6 (oft mtifictan in a mcvlxig iKa^. 
Tl>'^ tliU ni^t*$ (tntm the fame fuccds may find, 
Tlie force of muiic is to muuc joined : 
Where founding ftrings and artful voices fail. 
The charming rod and mutter'd fpells prerail. 
l/€t fage Urganda wave the circling wand 
On barren mountains, or a wafte of fand ; 
The defert fmiles; the woods begin to grow. 
The birds to warble, and the fprings to flow. 

The fame dull fights in the fame landfkip mixt. 
Scenes of ftill life, and points for ever fix'd, 
A trdiouA plciifure on the mind beilow, 
yVnd pull the rcnCc with one continued fhow : 
Hut, un our two magicians try their fkill, 
Tho vllion vnrics, though the place (lands ilill; 
While the liunc (pot its gaudy form renews, 
ShiTiing the pn>fpc6l to a thoufand views. 
Thus (without unity of place tranfgreft) 
*J*)r iMuhantcr turns the critic to a jeft. 

Ilvil howloc^cr, to plcafc your wandering eyes, 
lllight ohic\Hs diiJipjH'ar and brighter rife : 
Thcu'V uv»nr i an nuke amends for loft delight, 
NV hilc ftviu that circle we divert yomr fight. 


[ SI? J ^ 




PR EPA RE the haltowM ftrain, my Mufe, 
Thy fofteft founds and fwceteft num m chufe|' 
The bright Cecilia's , ' ' 

In warbJing worcla^ i 
That fmoothly mn ir 
And gentjy die awiiy 

U i 




Firft let the fprightly 
The joyful melody b( 
And none of ull h 
While the fliarp foun 
In iwtfct harmoniouB 

yt matCt 


Soften and mcUaw'd by tht flute^i 
• " The flute that fwcetly can complain, 
** Diffolve the frozen nymph's difdain 5 
•* Panting fympathy impart, 
« Till fhe partake her lover's fmart/* 
Next, let the folemn organ join 
Religious airs, and drains divine. 
Such as may lift us to the ikies, 

And fet all heaven before our eyes : 

" Such 
• The four kft lines of the fecond and third ftanxa^s 
were added by Mr, Tate. 


** Such as may lift us to the fkies j 
*« So far at kaft tiU they 
** Defcend with kind furprize, 
** And meet our pious harmony half-way/ 


Let then the tmmpet's piercing found 
Our raviih'd cars with pleafurc wound : 

The ibul o'er-powering with delight, . 
As, with a quick uncommon ray, 
A (break of lightning clears the day. 

And flaflies 9n the fight. 
Let echo too perform her part. 
Prolonging every note with art, 

And in a low expiring ftrain 

Play all the concert o'er again. 


Such were the tuneful notes that hung- ' 

On bright Cecilia's charming tongue i 

Notes that facrcd heats infpir'd, 

And with religious ardour fir'd : 

The love-fick youth, that long fupprefs'd ■ 

His fmotherM pafiion in his breaft. 

No fooner heard the warbling dame. 

But, by the fccret influence tum'd. 
He -felt a new diviner flame. 

And with devotion burned. 
With raviih'd ibul, and looks aataa'd, 
yp^n her beauteous face he gaz'ds 



*^or msde his amorous complaint ; 
ikin vaia her j?yes hh heart had chiiftn*J^ 
^Her heavenly voice het" eyes difarm'J, 
And chiing'tl the iovtr to a faint. 

G R a JJ D C H O R U 6. 

! VL ^^ 

^ND now the choir compJ^at rtioiccf , 
With trcrnblMi|r ftrings 

The tuneful fenncnt 

And works with tnin 
iQukk diVifions rtin tht 
A thouiand rriJls and q ng louadi 

Id airy circle* cr'tr til 
frgig wafrtd by a ge^k 
^Thej hiint ami langulA 

^And at a dlitiuKi? dii; 

A N 




TH £ fpacions firmament on high. 
With all the blue ethereal &y» 
And fpangled heavens, a /hining frame. 
Their great origiiial proclaim, 
Th' unweary'd fun, from day to day. 
Does his' Creator's power difplay ; 
And publifhes, to every land, 
The work of an Almighty hand. 

Soon as the evening ihades prevail. 
The moon takes up the wonderous tale i 
And nightly, to the liftening «arth, 
Hepeats the ftory of her birth : 
Whilft.all the ftars that round her burn, 
,And all the planets, in their turn. 
Confirm the tidings as they roll. 
And fpread the truth from pole to pole. 

What though, in folemn filence, all 
Move round the dark terrefh'ial ball ; 
What though, no real voice, nor found, 
Amidft their radiant orbs be found : 
In Reafon's ear they all rejoice. 
And utter forth a glorious voice 5 
For ever finglng as they fhine. 
The hand that made us is divine. 

AN H Y M N- 


WH E N all thy iDcrcie*, O my God^ 
My rifjng foul furveys ; 
Tranfportcd wlih the view, I *m Joit 
In wonder, love, and pr^ife, 


O how JhaJl words with equal warmth 

The gratitude declare^ 
That glows within my ravlfh'd heart 1 

But thau canJt read It there. 

Thy ProfidEncc my life fuftain d> 

And all my wants redreft ; , 

When m the filent wo rub I Uy, 

And hung trpon the brc^fl. 

To all my weak complaints and cries. 

Thy mercy lent an ear. 
Ere yet my feeble thoughts had learnt 
To form themfelves in prayer. 

UnnumberM comforts to my foiil 

Thy tender care beftow'd. 
Before my infant heart conceived 

Fr«m whence thefe comforts flow'd. 

VL When 


When in the flippery paths of youtk 

With hccdlefs fteps I ran, 
Tliine anH unfeen convey'd me fafe. 

Add led me up to man. 


"Through Tiiddett dangers, toil s> and de^. 

It gently clearM my way ; 
. And through the pleafmg fnaree of vice^ 
More to be fear'd than tiiey. 


' When worn with ficknefs, oft haft thou 
W ith health rtnew'd my face ; 

• And when in fins ftnd forrows funk. 
Revived my foul with grace. 


Thy bounteous hand wlin woiluly blifs 

Has made .my cup run ocr. 
And in a kind and faithful friend 

Haft doubled all my ftore. 

• Ten thoufand thoufand precious gifts 

My daily thanks employ; 
Kor is the leaft a chearfol hcarf, 
That taftU thofe gifts with joy. 

xr. Through 




' Tbrongh eviry ptrlod of my llfcf 
Thy goodncfs I'll purfDe j 
And after death, m dil1:afit wortd^^ 
The glorious theme renew. 
When Natare fails, and' day and nigt 
Divide thy works no more, 
" My ever-g^raid*til li( 
Thy mercy fliall 

Through all elernit hec, 

A joyful fong I ^ — e > 

- For, oh 1 eternity 'i i 
To utter all thy j 

A N -O D E. 

.. ... . .1. . 

HO W^ethy fenrants blcft, O Lorfl 
How fure is their defence ! 
Eternal wifdom is their guide. 
Their help Omnipotence. 

., -11. . ,,. . . 
foreign realms, and iands remote* 
Supported by thy care. 
Through buniing climes I pafs'd unhurt^ 

And breath'd in tainted air, 

Q^ m. Thy 

III. ' 

Thy mercy iwceten'd every foil. 

Made evfcry region plcafe ; 
The hoary Alpine-hills it warm'd* 

And fniboth'd the Tyrrhene jfea»« 


Thinjc, O my foul, devputly think, 
^ How, with affrighted eyes. 
Thou faw'ft the wide-^extendcd deep. 
In all its horrors rife. 


Confufion dwelt in every face. 

And fear in every heart ; 
When waves on waves, and guiphs on gulphs. 

Overcame the pilot's art. 


Vtt then from all my griefs, O Lord, 

Thy mercy fet me free ; 
Whilft, in the confidence of prayer, 

cMy foul took hold on thee. 


For though in dreadful whirls we hung 

High on the broken wave, 
J knew thou wert not flow to hear, -* 

Nor impotent to fave. 


...A NjiH Y. M N. 

Tfe ioKp(» j«U Jiud!» Ate wi^ 

The ftMt datroarM at thy commaiuly 

At tfaj cohmuuid was ftill. 
JDn nndft of dai^^ertj icKay and death* 

Thy g^Mtteft r*ll adoKi 
And pcaife Thee.for thy mcities pafi^ 

And hamhlyJwpe fiNr.nioR* 
..' X. 
My lift, if dioa preferv^ft my life. 

Thy iaotfct Ml be $ 
And death; iJF death muft be my doom. 

Shall join my fool to Thee. 

AN a. Y M N. 


WHEN rifing from the bed of death, 
O'erwhelm'd with ^uilt an '4 fear, 
I fee my Maker face to face ; 
O how /hall I appear ! 
If yet, while pardon may be found. 

And mercy may be fought, 
My heart with inward horror (hrinks, 
Aad trembles at the thought : 

0^2 III. Whca 



When thou, O Lordy fhalt ftand difdot'd 

In majeftjr feverey 
And fit in jadgmeiit on my £hi1 ; 

O how ihall I appear E 

Bvt thou haft toU d» trodbkd ibolj 

Who doet her fins lamtnt,. 
The timely tribute of her tMrt 

Shall endlefs woe present. 


Then fee the forrows of my heart. 

Ere yet it be too late } 
And add my Saviour's dying groans. 

To give diofe ibixjowt weight. . 


For never fliall my foul defpair 

Her pardon to procure, 
'Who kiiows Thy Only Son has dy*d 

To make that pardon &ice« 


i^:4FAi^S£ ON PSALM xxm. 

THflfc I>ofd my pafture ihall pceparet 
And. feed me with a fhepherd't caref 
' Hit prtfence ihaltmy wants Aipply, 
And gp,ard me with a watchful eye t 
Afy np9n-diy wallu he (hall attend^ 
AjQid ali mj.nud^night hours defend* 

"Wfien in the fu^try glebeJ-fainty 

?ir miith^ thtr%i m««uitain pant I 
9 f(prtile Tale^ and dewy meads 
My. weary wandering ftq>8 he leads t 
MHiere peaceful rivers^ foft and flowj 
Anid .the verdan)^ landscape flow* 

Though in the paths of death I tread. 
With gloomy horrors overfpread> 
My fledfaft heart ihall fear no ill. 
For thouy O Lordy art with me (lill s 
Thy friendly crook ihall give me aid. 
And guide me through the dreadful ihad^ 

Though in a bare and rugged way. 
Through (}eviou8 lonely wilds I ihay. 
Thy bounty ihall my wants beguile. 
The barren wildemefs ihall fmile. 
With fudden greens and herbage crownMy 
And (beams ihall murmur ail ai'ound* 

Qj THU. 


THE Play-house^. 

WHERE gentle Thames thzough ftately chaDi]ieI$ 
And 'England's proud metrc^iolls divides ; 
A lofty fabrick does tHe figltt invade. 
And ftretches o^er the waves a pompous fhade $ 
Whence Hidden ihouts the neighbom-hood furprize. 
And thundering claps and dreadful hHIings rife. 

Here thrifty R — hires monarchs by the day. 
And keeps his mercenary kings in payj 
With deep-mouth'd a£lors fills the vacant fcenes^ 
And rakes the ftews for goddefles and queens : 
Here the lewd punk, with crowns and fcepters gracMj 
Teaches her eyes a more majeftic caft ; 
And hungry monarchs, with a numerous train 
Cf fuppliant Haves, like Sancho, ftarve and reign* 

But enter In, my Mufe 5 the Stage furvey. 
And all il3 pomp and pageantry difplay ; 
Trap- doors and pit-falls, from th' unfaithful ground> 
And magic wall* encompafs it around : 
On either fide maim'd Temples fill our eyes. 
And intermixt with Brothel-houfes rife ; 
Disjointed Palaces in order ftand, O 

Ami Groves obedient to the mover's hand ^ 

O'crfliadc the Stage, and flouriih at command. «j 

A damp makes broken towns and trees entire i 
So when Amphion (Iruck the vocal lyre. 


* See SedJey's Mifcellanies, 8vo. p. aoz. 

THE P L AY- H O U S E. ij'j 

He faw the fpacious circuit all around^ - . 
With crowding woods and riling cities crow%^d« 

But next the tiring-room furyey, and fee 
Falfe titles, and promifcuous quality, , .. < . . 
Confusedly fwarm, from heroes and from queens. 
To thofe that fwing in clouds, and fill machines. 
Their various charafters they chufe with art. 
The frowning bully fits the tyrant's part : . . 
Swoln cheeks and fwaggering belly, make an hofi:. 
Pale mea^e lopks and hollow voice a ghoft j 
From careful brows and heavy down-caft eyes, . 
Dull cits and thick-fculPd aldermen arife : 
The comic tone, infpir'd by Congrcve, draws . * 

At every word, loud laughter and applaufe: 
The whining dame continues as before, 
Her character unchanged, and afts a whore. 

Above the reft, the prince with haughty ilalks 
Magnificent in purple buikins walks : 
The royal robes his awful ihoulders grace, 
Profufe of fpangles and of copper-lace : 
Officious rafcals to his mighty thigh, 
Guiltlefs of blood, th' unpointed weapon tye : 
Then the gay glittering diadem put on. 
Ponderous with brafs, and ftarr'd with Briftol ftonc 
His royal confort next confults her glafs. 
And out of twenty boxes culls "a face ; 
The whitening firft her ghaftly looks befmears,- 
All pale and wan th' unfinilh'd form appears j 
Till on her cheeks the blufhing purple glows^ 
And a falfe virgia-modefty beftows, 

<U Her 

^-j^ A ]i :5 r 3 c N 3 ? -:■ s m ^. 

;^*r :-JrtMu ip^ *lie tpt*T) vrrnillon lyes^ 

r^mcjth ro AfT limtv«j i-he lencii'i irt ibppileSf 

Anti ^th blacic bending arches fhadn her -^yes. 

Wfill pieas'd at length the pidure fhe lifhDiiii» 

And (pot» it o'er virith TkrTificial molds ; 

Hpt rmmtenance cortrplear, the beaux (he wsoma 

With lockii not hen ; and, lipight of nature, daaanasu . 

Thus arffxilly their perfons they diiguife, 
Tiii the Inft ftouriili bids the curtain rife 
Tn« privice fhen fint<*rs on the Stags in fate; 
Brhmd>- a gr-.iard r>f can die- fnuffers waits 
'f ii' r.», fwoln '^ith empire, terrible and Herce, 
('^ ^^;i<<*4 the dcime, and tears his lungs with Teric 3 - 
Mi<« J\»i^ji»^s tremble j the flibmrflive pit» 
Wr^l>t up- in filer.ce and attention, fit; 
Tiil, freed at Irngrrh, he lays alide the weight, 
C)f public biif;ne;"^ mcl affairs of ftate : 
ft^r^tX'K \\'\<K pomp, (\t:\(\ to ambitious fires. 
And to foni.' p- K-fful brandy-fhop retires; 
Wh^re in fidl j/jlU his anxious thoughts he drowtUjL 
And {jiMff-j aWfiy the care that waits on crowns. 

Tlif piincrrA noct her painted charms difplaj-s, 
Wh«rr rvery look the pcnciTs .Trt betrays ; 
'.I hr cilhvw 'Oiiiirc at diftance feeds his eyes. 
Anil filciitly for pidnt and wafhes dies : 
15 u! if thf yfHith behind the fccncs retreat, ^ 

\U (et^^ ihr biriidrd colours melt with heat, ^ 

Anil nil ihr tiirklinj; beauty run in fweat. 3 

'riif bi'irt'w d vjr,i|rc he admires no more, 
And nindr.i(r» rvrry chwm he IgvM before : 

M^tdt bmTd %«uv far double force renown'dt 
Afftfd dw iCBMdj that gave the wound^v 

^ tedkna liAi ^twcre endkft to eaga^, 
Anf dWrhf-M^theiab^bf di^e StagQ 
When oae ftr twenty yean has ghren alanns» 
Aad callM fwifenrfing monarchs to tl^^ir amui 
Ahbttdr iBU tf ^ importuit 1^^ 
Awl ri6a^«i«rjr idtiher night i gHoft | 
Through the deftl^tage, his mealy face be rean^ 
Then flalka alonj^ gibant ihric^ and.cli£^pcan{ 
-Othen» widi fwdkiit and fhlelds, the Jloldiar't jpridc^ 
Moft than a dioafiuMi tftnes baVc chang^'lf Oieir tiit^ 
Aadin a thoiifiuid ftital battles dyM. 

Thna fiEvenl peribns (ereral parts perform ; 
Softlovcra whine, and bluftering heroes ftorm* 
Tmt Seoi e f aa lp c i ated tyrants rage, 
TBI Ae kind b6wl of potfon clears the Sti^^ 
Then honours vanilh, and diftinftions ceafe ) 
Then, with relu^bmce, haughty queens undrefs. 
Heroes no more their fading laurels boaft. 
And mighty kings in private men are loft. 
He, whom fuch titles fwelPd, fuch power made proud. 
To whom whole realms and vanquifh'd nations bow'd. 
Throws off the gaudy plume, the purple train. 
And in hit own vile tatters ftinks again» 




WHILE haughty Gallia's dames, that fpreaft. 
O'er their pale cheeks, an artful r^x 
Beheld this beauteous ftrauger there 
In native charms, divinely JFair ; 
Confiifion in their looks they fhow'd j 
And with unborrowM bluihes glowed. 



• A 


« Ecet Ipediciiltam d^mmiy ad quod reTpiciaty in* 
- ^ tcntiu 4ipari fuo^ Dent I Ecce par Deo dignum, 
■ ^ m IbctM com nudi fortnna compofitiu ! Noir 
** Tideo, inqaaniy quid babeat in terris Jupiter pul- 
** chriuty Q convertere animum velit, quam ut 
** fpe£let Catonemy jam partibus non femel fra6lis, 
" nibilominus inter ruinas publicas ereflum/* 

Sen, de Divin. Pror» 

t *37 1 
"▼ E R S E S 



I TTIHLE you the fierce divided Britons awe, 

▼ ▼ And Cato with an equal virtue draw j 

^Thile envy is itfelf in wonder loft, 

^d fa£kions ftrive who ihall applaud you moft ; 

■'orgive the fond ambition of a friend, 

Nho hopes himfelf, not you, to recommend : 

\jiid joins th* applaufe which all the leam*d bellow 

!)n one, to whom a perfect work they owe. 

To my * light fcenes I once infcrib'd your name, 

\iid impotently ftrove to borrow fame ; 

Uion will that die, which adds thy name to mine { 

^t me^ then, live, join'd to a work of thine. 


'^^pIS nobly done thus to enrich the ftage, 

JL And raife the thoughts of a degenerate age ; 
To (hew how endlefs joys from freedom fpring. 
How life in bondage is a worthlefs thing. 
The inborn greatnefs of your foul we view, 
Vou tread the path» frequented by the few{ 


^ Tender Hvdband, dedicated to Mr, Addifon. 


W':n :j niich ibcngth vou write, and :b much eafc, 

Virnij iiia .cnic '. .low iunt you liope to pleaie r 

V rt Towfis "tii: Lcntiments .>f even' !ine 

Imp-iniui ci-pt, and o^v^'d the work divine. 

£v'n the lour critics, who maiicious came, 

Esuper to cenlure, axid relalir'd to blame. 

Finding the hero regularly rile. 

Great while he lives, but gieatei when he diet. 

Sullen ipprov'd, too obftinate to melt. 

And lidun'd \vith the plealfares whieh diej felt. 

Not fa the fair their pafiiona fecret kept. 

Silent they heard, but, as they heard, dwywept; 

When glorioufly the blcioming Mams dy'd. 

And CatD tcid the gods, Tmfatisfyd, 

See ! how your lays the Briti/h youth inflame ! 
Tliey long xo fhoot and ripen into fame \ 
Applauding theatren diftnrb their reft, 
And imborn Cato'n heave in every breaf(| 
Theirnigbtly dffams, their daily thought! repeat. 
And pulfcft hif^h with fanryVl glories beat. 
So, j^rifv'd t'l virw the Minathonian fpoils, 
'J'hc ytiung Thcmilloclcs vow'd equal toils \ 
r)i'.I th( II his I'clirmcs of ftiturc honours draw 
rnmi the ]on|r tijumphs which with tears he faw. 

How fhall 1 your.iinrivard worth proclaim, 
l.oft in. the Ipreailing; circle of your fame ! 
Wc law yoM the gfcat WillianrB praife rehearfc. 
And paint Uritannia's joys in Roman vcrfc. 
We hrani at dillamc fbfl enchanting (trains, 
l^rom blooming mtiuutains, and Italian plains. 

Tagl bi^ in EnjM^. draft to iUne, 
' StmtCf^'libl^i^'tttpvddc^ fini dlvinei 
/kooi him too AJotri^ifiifricJndly you witbdrewy 
But bfon^ the natfai (3Vld to our view. 
Then the aelif^tfiil diemb of every tongue, 
Tk* inmiortd MaHborongby was your darling fong. 
Fhni clime to dime the ^ihighty vidor flew, 
fnm dime to cfime as fWifUy yoti purfue. 
Still widi the henTt glowM tiie poet^s flame* 
SliU widi his oonqisbfls yon enlargM your fame. 
Wiihboiihdkft ini|»tmes herethe Mufe could fmH, 
And on ytmr Roftmondfor ever dwiU: 
Tliere openmg iweets and every fragraut flower 
Liuramiitfiaule» a never-^ing bower ! 
Next, human follies kindly to expofe, 
Ton clmttge from numbers, but not fink In proie : 
Whedier in'infionary fc^es you play, 
Itefineour'taftes, brlaugblour crimes away. 
Now, by Ihe bufkin^d Mufe you fhine confeft. 
The patriot kindles in the poet^s breaft. 
Such energy of fenfe might pleafure raife. 
Though unembelliihM with the charms of phrafe : 
Such charms of phrafe would with fuccefs be crowned. 
Though nonfenfe flowM in the melodious found. 
The cbafteft virgin needs no blufhes fear. 
The learned themfelves not uninilru6ltd hear. 
The libertine, in pleafure s us*d to roll, 
And idly fport with ah immortal foul, 
Here comes, and, by the virtuous heathen taught. 
Turns paie, and trembles at the dreadful thought. 

2 Whene'er 

•13 A !? I? I 5 C y 5 ? Z M 2. 

"Will :"..j'~:h 3.".:-:' :. .iii .il= rtmama I 

Bj :iie jci'inripticii v^im iy -we aiodL/ i^vcat^ 
A:i«i ^n die zhiiiinij iiil -vjid pauc vitli ifTT. 
Wjsit iyes behoio. ict, law ±»i i am rdznes, 
Tlii 1 - itr^T-?^ the Jjicn^ amror -hines ? 
Vv'jue iiurricsnes in cir-iinu sdiiics piav, 
Tinr op tile :iiiiiis. ind iwcep ivriaii: pioiaa awaf^ 
Wi ihrlnk wTch aorrar, inii jsnreis our Rar, 
And 1x1 :iie ludden icundin^ run hear. 
When rsvai nces. diiinin^d witii biuodt deceive^ 
And -naka poor >Iarc:a beautirniiy ^cve j 
Wjizi Jie iier uxs^ rhouciics aa mure cancesis, 
Frargtts rhe -vaman, and her dame reveaia j 
Weil may rae prince exnit with aoble priucy 
Not fbr hia Libyan crown, but Roman bride* 

Bat r in viia on anjrie fear.:Lres dwell, 
Wjile ail the parts of Lie nir piece excel. 
So nch :iie itGr?, :b d-jbicus is rhe feait^ 
Wd know not which >a pai's, or which tD tafe. 
The ihining incidents :o uiily nill, 
"We may the whole new fcenes of vrmiport call« 
T'liiia jeweiicrs contbund our wandering eyes. 
And with variety of gema :'.:rpnze. 
Here (apphires , here the Sai-'iian ione is {eeuy 
The topaz yellow, and rhe jaiper Trcen. 
The coftiy brilliant there, confua'dly bright. 
From aumenaus luracea dara crembiiiig light : 

Tft IffB-AUTliQi^ OP CATO, »4» 

ThtdjiSimvtpBiafmnunglt in a blsue, 
SOcnt wi^ ftiindy unable where to praife. 
In plc^lGm/Weetllir 1^ tea thoviaiid wayi. 

iWrfiy Coitaie, CambfUge. j^ EUSDEN. 



WBSJ^ yovr .generous labotir £r& I viewed. 
And Cato^t liandt in hit own blood imbrued. 
That icene of death ib tenible appears, . 
Mxfifsdj^ld onlj thank you with her tears.. 
Yetyitiiix fach wondrous art your flulfiil hlmd' 
Does all the pafiions of the foul command. 
That er^n my grief to praife and wonder turned. 
And envyM the great deadi which firft I mourn *d. 

What pen, but yours, could draw the doubtful ftrife 
Of honour ftruggling with the love of life ? 
Defcribe the patriot, obftinately good. 
As hovering o'er eternity he ftood ; 
The wide, th' unbounded ocean lay before 
His piercing fight, and heaven the diftant fhore^ 
Secure of endlefs blifs, with fearful eyes, -^ 

He grafps the dagger, and its point defies, C 

And niihes out of life to fnatch the glorious prize. 3 

How would old Rome rejoice, to hear you tell 
How juft her patriot liv'd, how great he fell ! 
Recount his wondrous probity and truth. 
And form new Juba's in the Britiih youth, 

R Their 


Their generous fouls, when he rcfigns his breath. 
Are pleasM with niin, and in love with death : 
And wheii her conquering fword Britannia drawSj 
Refolves to periihy or defend her caufe* 
Now firft on Albion^s theatre we fee 
A perfe6l image of what man fhould be| 
The glorious chara£ler is now expreft. 
Of virtue dwelling in a human breaft : 
Drawn at full length by your immortal lineSf 
In Caters foul, as in her heaven (he fhinet. 

AU Souto-CoUege, Okon. DIGBY COTES. 


TO The author of cato. 143 


^*|^OW we may fpeak, fince Cato fpeaks no mpre^: 
X^ Tis praife at length, 'twas rapture all before 5 
When crowded theatres with lo's rung 
Sent to the fkies, from whence thy genius iprung.g 
Ev'n civil rage a while in thine was loft. 
And fa6lions ftrove but to applaud thee moft ; 
Nor could enjoyment pall our longing tafte. 
But every night was dearer than the laft. 

As when old Rome, in a malignant hour 
Pepriv'd of fome returning conqueror. 
Her debt of triumph to the dead difcharg'd. 
For fame, for treafure, and her bounds enlargM,; 
And while his godlike figure mov'd along, 
Alternate padions firM th' adoring throng ; 
Tears flow'd from every eye, and fhouts from every 

tongue 5 

So in the pompous lines has Cato far*d, 
Grac'd with an ample, though a late reward : 
A greater viftor we in him revere 5 
A nobler triumph crowns his image here. 

With wonder, as with plcafure, we furvey 
A theme fo fcanty wrought into a play ; 
So vaft a pile on fuch foundations plac'd ; 
Like Ammon's temple rear'd on Libya's wafte : 
Behold its glowing paint I its eafy weight I 
Its nice proportions ! and ftupendoug height I 

R 2 lUw 




How chafte the conduft ! How divine the rage! 
A RoJiian worthy, on a Grecian ftage I 

But where (hall Gate's praife begin or end j 
Inclined to melt, and yet untaught tobend. 
The firmeft patriot, and the gentleft friend ? 
How great his genius, when the traitor crowd 
Keady to ftrike the blow their fury vow'd } 
Q^ieird by his look, and liftening to his lore, 
LcarnM, like his pafTions, to i*cbel no more ! 
When, lavifti of his boiling blood, to prove 
TIk- v urc of llavifh life, and (lighted love, 
r.i;ivc Marcus new in early death appears, 
AVhilc Cato counts his wounds, and not his yearsj 
Who, checking private grief, the public mourns, 
Con\niands the pity he fo greatly fcorns ; 
But when he Itrikes (to crown his generous part) 
That honell, (launch, impra6licable heart ; 
Ko tears, no fobs, purfue his panting breath ; 
The dying Roman ihaiues the pomp of death. 

O facrcvl freedom ! which the powers betlow 
To ItAlon bleOings, and to foften woe j 
Plant of our gi^owth, and ^m of all our cares, 
Tho toil of ag-vS, and the crown of wars : 
U\ taught by thee, tho poet's wit has flow'd 
In Hruins as precious as his hero's blood j 
IVvlerve thoic ttroius, an everlalling charm 
To keep that blo>xi and thy remembrance warm : 
l^e this thy guardian image ftill iecure. 
In \am ihall foicc invade, or fraud allure; 
O.u 5;vAt |villadium (hall perform its pait, 
t\\ d ;u I cnlhi-u'd in ev^n* BritiUi hv.a::. 




LONG had the Tragic Mufe forgot to weep. 
By modern Operas quite lulPd alleep : 
No matter what the lines, the voice was clear, 
Thus fenfe was facrific'd to pleaf'e the ear. 
At laft, * On^ Wit ftood up in our defence, ^ „ 

And dar'd (O impudence !) to publiili^— fenfe* 
Soon then as next the juft tragedian fpoke, , 
The ladies fighM again, the beaux awoke. 
Thofe heads that us'd moft indolent to move 
To (ing-fong, ballad, and fonata love. 
Began their buried fenfes ta expbre. 
And found they now liad paflions as before : 
The power of nature in their bofoms felt. 
In fpite of prejudice compellM to melt. 

When Cato 's firm, all hope of fuccour paft^ 
Holding his ftubborn virtue to the laft, 
T view, with joy and confcious tranfport firM, 
The foul of Rome in one great man retir'd : 
In him, as if fhe by confinement gain'd, O 

Her powers and energy are higher ftrain'd , > 

Than when in crowds of fenators (he reign'd ! j 

Gato well fcorn*d the life that Caefar gave. 
When fear and weaknefs only bid him fave ; 
But when a virtue like his own revives 
The hero's conftancy — ^with joy he lives. 

Obferve the juftnefs of the poef s thoughts 
W^fe fmalleft excellence is want of faults : 

R 3 ' With^ 

• The Speaator, 


Without afFefted pomp and noife he warms 5 
Without the gaudy drefs of beauty charms. 
Love, the old fubje^l of the buikinM Mufe, 
Jleturns, but fuch as Roman virgins ufe. 
A virtuous love, chaftis'd by pureft thought. 
Not from the fancy, but from nature wrought* 
Britons, with leffen'd wonder, now behold 
Your former wits, and all your bards of old j 
Jonfon out-vyM in his own way confefs ; 
And own that Shakefpeare^s felf now pleafes lefs. 
While Phoebus binds the laurel on his brow. 
Rife up, ye Mufes ; and, ye Poets, bow t 
Superior worth with admiration greet. 
And place him neareft to his Phoebus' feat. 


t w I 

ON C A T O : 




HIS ancient Rome by purty-fa&ions rent^ 
. ]U>Qg fince the genenous Cato did lament $ 
Ifimielf united with his country** caufcj 
Bravely refuiM to lire, *midft dying laws* 
Pleaa'd with returning liberty to come. 
With joy the heco ri&t finom his tomb $ 
And in Britannia finds a &cond Rome« 
Tili by repeated rage, and civil fires» 
Th* unhappy patriot again expires $ 
Weeps o*er her fate, and to the gods retires. 

»% The verfes of Dr. Young, Mr. Tickell, 
and Mr. Hughes, on this tragedy, are among the 
poems of their refpe^ive authors. 




TO wake the foul by tender ftrokes of art. 
To raife the genius, and to mend the hearty 
To make mankind in confcious virtue bold, 
Live o'er each fcene, and be what they behold : 
For this the Traglc-Mufe firft' trod the ftage^ 
Commanding tears to ftream through every age j 
Tyrants no more their favage nature kept. 
And foes to virtue wonder'd how they wept. 
Our author fhuns by vulgar fprings to move 
The hero's glory^ or the virgin's love j 
In. pitying love we but our weaknefs fhow, 
And wild ambition well defervcs its woe. 
Here tears ftiall flow from a more generous caufe^ 
Such tears as patriots Ihed for dying laws : 
He bids your breafls with ancient ardor rife. 
And calls forth Roman drops from Britifh eyes. 
Virtue confefs'd in human fliape he draws. 
What Plato thought, and god- like C^to was : 
No common objeft to your fight difplays. 
But what with pleafure heaven itfelf furveys j 
A brave man ftruggling in the ftorms of fate. 
And greatly falling widi a falling ftate : 
While Cato' gives liis little fenate laws. 
What bofom beats not in his country's caufe ? 
Who fees him adt, but envies every deed ? 
Wha hears him groan, and does not wifh to bleed I 


Eff'n when proud Csefar 'mjdft triumphal 

The (polls of natioiiSj and the pomp of v 

Ignobly vajiij and im potently great ^ 

Show'd Rome her Cato's figure drawn in ftatc j. 

As her dead father"** reverend image paft, 

The pomp was darkened j and the day o'er- c a ft, 

The triumph ceas'd — tears gti/h'd from every eyej 

The world's great victor oaft unheeded bv j 

Her lall good man deji ^ 

And honoyrM Cstfar's i 

Britons, attend : be 
And fliow jou have xl tc 

With hootft fcom the r tamM Cato vnrw 
Rome learning arts frc "**ce, whom flie fubducd j. 
Our Cctne pre carlo ufly too loj\g 

On French tranflation, ^ulian fong"* 

Dare to have fenfe yoi s i sflert the flage } 

Be juftly warm'd with your own native rage. 
Such plays alone Oiould pleafe a Britifli ear,. • ~ 
Ai Cato's felf had not difdain^d to hear. 


• L'. ':< S O N J£. 

Mr. Booth. 
Mr, K££N. 

Mr. Mills. 

Ml-. WlLKS, 

"^T. l:bb£il. 

■-:■, ?Ow=L. 

'*- . V^ A Jim 

..^^»> ice. 

r rs^ic: :-: * ucau 



^ 'ME dawn i] over-cafl:, the momiiig lowtrtf 
And heavily in cloiid& bnngt Qti tlie day. 
The grcatt th' import: : day } big with ihe f^ic 
Of Cato 3.iid of Rqmi -<Jur father's dcatK 
Would fill lip all the pult of civil war, 
And dofe the fccnc of ^bod. Already Ciefar 
Ha^ rai^g'd more thajf '■^^^^ the globe^ and icc« 
Mankind grown thin dt:{lft3ilive fword t 

Should he go ftirther, ^umoere would be wars ting} 
To form new battlci^ and fupport bii cnmei. 
Ye Oodfi> what havo4k doet imbttion make 
Among your works I 


Thy fteddy temper, Portiuf , 

Can look on guilty rebellion, fraud, and CxQar, 

In the calm lights of mild philofopby; 

I *m tortured, er'n to madnefs, when I think 

On the proud vi&or : every time he *s nam^d 

Pharialia riles to my view— I fee 

Th* infuiting tyrant prancing o*er the field 

Strow*d with Rome^s citizens, and drenched in (laughter. 

Hit horft*s hoofs wet with Patrician blood. 



Oh Fortius, is there not fome chofen curfe. 
Some hidden thunder in the ftores of heaven, 
Red with uncommon wrath, to blaft the man 
Who owes his greatnels to his country's ruin ? 

Believe me, Marcus, 'tis an impious greatnefs. 
And mixt with too much horror to be envyM ; 
How does the luftre of ourvfather's a6iions. 
Through the dark cloud of ills that cover him. 
Break out, and bum with more triumphant brightnefs ! 
His fufferings ihine, and fpread a glory round him ; 
Greatly unfortunate, he fights the caufe 
Of honour, virtue, liberty, and Rome. 
His fword ne'er fell but on the gui\ty headj 
Oppreflion, tyranny, and power ufurp'd, 
Drav/ all the vengeance of his arm upon them* 

Who knows not this ? But what can Cato do 
Againft a world, a bafe degenerate world, 
That courts the yoke, and bows the neck to Caefar ? ' 
Pent up in Utica, he vainly forms 
A poor epitome of Roman greatnefs. 
And, covered with Numidian guards, direft* 
A feeble army, and an empty fenate. 
Remnants of mighty battles fought in vain. 
By heavens, fuch virtues, join'd with fuch fucccfs, 
Diftraft my very foul : our father's fortune 
Would almoft tempt us to renounce his precepts. 

Remember what our father oft has told us : 


C A T O. ajj 

The ways of hoavai are dark and intricate, 
Fuailcd in maiet,,«nd perplexed with drors} 
Onr underftaadtng traces them in vain. 
Loft and bewilder*d in the fruitlefi feardi ; 
Mot iees with how much art the windings runt 
Nor where the.r^lar confufion ends. 

Tbeie areTuggeftioni of a mind at eafe t 
Oh PortittSy didil thou tafte hut half the griefs 
That wring my foul, thou could'ft'not talk thus coldly^ 
Paflion nnj^ty^d and Aiccelslefs love 
Plant daggers in my heart, and aggnurate 
My other griefs. Were but my Lucia kind I— • 

Thou fee*ft not that thy brother is thy rival t 
But I muft hide it, for I know thy temper. \_4fidi^ 

Nowy^Marcui, now, thy virtue *s on the proof: 
Put forth thy utmoft-ftrcngth, work every nerve, 
And call up all thy father in thy foul t 
To quell the tyrant love, and guard thy heart 
On this wtak Hdc, where moft our nature fulls, 
AVould be a conqueft worthy Cato's fon. 

Portiusy the counfel which I cannot take, 
Inftead of healing, but upbraids my weaknefs. 
Bid me for honour plunge into a war 
Of thickeft foes, and rufh on certain death, 
Then (halt thou fee that Marcus is not flow 
To follow glory, and confefs his father. 
Love is not to be reafon^d down, or loft 


154- ADDISON'S T0EM5. 

In high ambition, and a thirft of greatnefs i 
'Tis fecond life, it grows into the foul, 
Warms every vein, and beats in every pulfe. 
. I feel it here : my refolution melts-^ 
Behold young Juba, the Numldian Prince I 
With how much care he forms himielf to gloiy. 
And breaks the fiercenefs of his native temper 
To copy out our father's bright example. 
■ He loves our fifter Marcia, greatly loves her 5 
His eyes, his looks, his a£Vions, all betray it : 
. But ftill the fmotherM fondnefs bums within him. 
" When moft it fwells and labours for a vent. 
The fenfe of honour and defire of fame 
Drive the big paflion back into his heart. 
What I ihall an African, fhall Juba's heir, 
Repi'oach great Cato's fon, and fhow the world 
A virtue wanting in a Roman foul ? 
Fortius, no more I your words leave ftlngs behind them 
iVhen-e'er did Juba, or did Fortius, fhow 
A virtue that has caft me at a diftance, 
And thrown me out in the purfuits of honour ? 
Marcus, I know thy generous temper well j 
Fling but th' appearance of diihonolir on it. 
It ftrait takes fire, and mounts into a blaze. 
A brother's fuflferings claim a brother's pity. 


CATC. S55 

«n kaowt I pity thee : Miold my eyes 
liilft I qwik«— ^ tliqr not Mm in toun^ 
mt my beart at naked to thy view, 

I would fee it bleed in his behalf* 

r dien doft treat me with rebukes, inftead 
d condoling cares and friendly forrow ? 

jurctttt £dl know the way to ea& 
Qfublcd heart* and mitigate thy pains, 
I, belirye me, I could die to do it. 


II heft of brochen, and thou beft of friendtl 
a weak dtftemper'd foul, that fweiis 

iidden gufts, and finks as ibon in calms, 
Mt of paeons— But Sempronius comes : 
(t not find this foftnefs hanging on me. [£xi>. 


piracies no fooner fhould be form'd 
executed. What means Fortius here ? 
lot that cold youth. I muft diflemble, 
leak a language foreign to my heart. 



d morrow, Fortius ! let us once embrace, 

Aore embrace ; whilft yet we both are free. 


5» AI5D1SCX S rO£M$. 

."V-mftrrrm Ihoulc wt il»» d^Kt;^ oar £:i;&iihlm 

Tha: I'e: fliaH rik <m ^omo: liherrr* 

To rhi* poor hsM his lixtlc Roniin Senile 
(Tht kxriTj^ of riiarfilia), to confult 
If xTt he CJUD opfjoft tJk might}- lomfr.t 
That bears down Roine» and all her gods, before it. 
Or m\ik at length give up the vrorld to Caefar« 
S E M P R O K I U S, 

Kot all the pomp and ma)efty of Rome 
Can raifc her Senate more than Cato's prefcncc« 
His i-irtues render our aflembly awful, 
They ftrike with fomething like religioys fear. 
And make ev>. C:efar tremble at the head 
Of annies flufli'd with conqueft : O my Fortius, 
Could I but call that wondrous man my father. 
Would but thy lifter Marcia be propitious 
To thy friend's vows : I might be blefsM indeed ! 

Alas I Scmpronius, would'ft thou talk of love 
To Marcia, whilft her father's life 's in danger ? 
Thou might'ft as well court the pale tremblinjf V<fta] 
When (lie beholds the holy flame expiring. 

The more I fee the wonders of thy race, 
Tlie more 1 'm charm'd. Thou muft take heed, 
Poitius ! ' 


C A T CK %sf 

llie worid has all its eyes on Cato*s Ton, 
Thy father^s merit fets thee up to view. 
And fhows thee in the fairefl point of light. 
To make thy virtues or thy faults confpicuous. 
Well doft thou feem to check my lingjeriiig here 
On this important hour — ^I *11 ftrait away i 
And while the fathers of the Senate meet 
In clofe dehate» to weigh th' events of war» 
I *11 animate the foldiers* drooping courage. 
With love of freedom, and contempt of life* 
I '11 thunder in their ears their country's caufe. 
And try to rouze up all that ^s Roman in theaou 
''Tis not in mortals. to command fuccefs, 
3ut we '11 do more, Sempronius $ we '11 deierve it. 


Curfe.on the tripling ! How he apes his fire! 
Ambitioufly fententious I— But I wonder 
Old Syphax comes not; his Numidian genius 
Is well dirpos'i/* to mifchief, were he prompt 
And eager on it ; but he muft be fpurrM, ^ 
And every moment quicken^ to the couvfo. 
Cato has us'd me ill : he has refused 
His daughter Marcia to my ardent vows. 
Befides, his baffled arms and ruin'd caule 
Are bars to my ambition. C»lkr's favour. 
That Ihowers downgroatnels on his friends, will raifc me 
To Komt's firft honours. . If I give up Cato, 
I claim in my rewasd bis captive daughter. 
Bnt^bfrphax comes t— 

^^^ S SCENE 



S Y P H AX. 

— Sempronius, all i$ ready* 
I 'vc founded my Numidians, man by man. 
And find them ripe for a revolt : they all 
Complain aloud of Cato'8 difcipline, 
And wait but the command to change their mafter. 
Believe me, Syphax, there 's no time to wafte .5 
Ev'n whilft we fpeak, our conqueror comes on. 
And gathers ground upon us every moment- 
Alas ' thou know'ft not Caefar's aftive foul. 
With what a dreadful courfe he rufhes on 
From war to war : in vain has nature form'd 
Mountains and oceans to oppofe his pafTage ; 
He bounds o>r all, vidborious in his march -, 
The Alps and Pyreneans fink before him ; 
Through winds, and waves, and florma, lie works hii 

way, , 

Impatient for the battle : one day more 
Will fet the viftor thundering at our gates. 
But tell me, haft thou yet drawn -o'er young Jiiba ? 
That ftill would recommend thee more to Cxfar, 
And challenge better terms— 


—Alas ! he 's loft, 
fie 's loft, Sempronius ; all his thoughts are full 
Of Cato's virtues— But I 'il try once more 

'O X 1* 6. « 

XFor every inftant I expeft Him here) 
If jet I can -fubdiu thofe ftnbborn prindplei 
W flridiy of iionbur/ and I know not what. 
That havexoTrapted his Nuraidian temper^ 
And ftuck^th^-inf^on into all his foul. 
Be Aire to prefs upon him every motive. 
Jnba's fumender^ fince his father's death. 
Would give up Afrk into Caefar's hands. 
And make him lord of half the bumin|f Zone. 
8 YPH A X. 
But it it true, Sempronius, that your Senate 
It caird together ? Gods ! thou muft be cautious ! 
Cak> hat^piercing eyes^ and will difcem 
Oar frandiy upleA they 're cover'd thick with art, 
Let me alone, good Syphax, I '11 conceal 
My thoughts in paflion, ('tis the fiareft way) ; 
I '11 bellow out for Rome and for my country, 
And mouth at Caefar till I ihake the Senate. 
Your cold hypocrify 's a ftalc device, 
A worn-out trick: wouldft thou be thought in eamc 
Clothe thy feign'd zeal in rage, in fire, in fury I 
In troth, thou 'rt able to rnftrucl grey-hairs. 
And teach the wily African deceit I 

Once more, be fure to try thy fkill on Juba 5 
Mean while I '11 haftcn to my Roman foldicrs, 

S z Infl 


Inflame the mutiny, and underhand 

Blow up their difcontents, till they break out 

Unlook'd for, and difcharge themfelves on Cato* 

Remember, Syphax, we mnft work in hafte : 

O think what anxious Inoments pafs betweei^ 

The birth of plots, ^nd their laft f4tal periods. 

Oh ! tis a dreadful interval of time, 

Fiird up with horror all, and big witji death 1 

Deftru6lion hangs on every word we fpeak. 

On every thougkt, till the concluding ftroke 

Determines all, and clofes our defign. lExit, 

S Y P H AX. 

I Ml try if yet I can reduce to reafon 
This head-ftrong youth, and make him fpum at Cato. 
The time is ftiort, Caefar comes ru/hing on us— - 
But hold ! young Juba fees me, and approaches.' 

S C E N E IV. 
. JUB A, ' S Y PH AX. 

Syphax, I joy to meet thee thus alone. 
I have obferv'd of late thy looks are fallen, 
O'ercaft with glooipy cares, and difcontent; 
Then tel) ine, Syphax, I cpnjure thee, tell me. 
What are the thoughts that knit thy brow in frowns. 
And turn thine eye thus coldjy on thy Prince ? 
^Tis not my talent to conceal my thoughts, 
Nor carry fmiles and fun-ihine in my face, , 


is* A* T O. a«l 

r tt my heart. 
Ilm -Bot jtk h ^Mt iStUb tibnxti in me. 

- ^ • jUB A. 

Wlij doft-duM caft dut fulh Ungenerous terms 
i^^JrilA (iftrlsitEii diid iby&eigns of the world ? 
Doft thou not (& intfhkihd fill down before them^ > 
Add ofM tho' fi^xe of. their Aiperior virtue ? ' 
If- dwre a naddii in fbe iwilds of Afric, 
Anidft our bilften rdeks and bnming fands^ 
That dctviMit tremble at the Roman name } 

GifHi *kiikrt *8 the worth that fets thik people up 
Abore jour o^Numidia^s tawny Tons ! 
Dotb^ MOt iotfghet finews bend the bow? 
Or fliet the javelin fwifter to its mark, 
Lnittdfd t^ ^Vifpar of a Roman arm f 
Who like Mf aftlVe A^eah inftraas 
The- fiery, deed, and trains him to his hand ? 
Or gbldn in tix>Ops th* embattled elephant, 
Loaden with war ? Thcfe- thefe are arts, my Prince, 
In whitfh your Zama does not ftoop to Rome. 
J U B A. 

Thefe all are virtues of a meaner rank, 
Perfedtom that are placed in bones and nerves, 
A Roman foul it bent on higher views : 
To civilize the rude tmpdlf/h'd world. 
And lay It under the refbaint of laws ; 
To make man mild and fociable to man } 
To cultivate fhe wild licentious favage 
With wifdom, difciplire, and libci^l artsf 

t» s TU' 


Th' cmbelliihrnents of life : virtues like thefe- 
Make human nature fliine, reform the foul, 
And break our fierce barbarians into men. 
Patience, kind heavens !-— £ old man^s wrath*< 
What arc thefc wondrous, civilizing arts. 
This Romaii polifli, and this fmooth behaviour,. 
That render man thus traflable and tame ? 
Are they not only to difguife our paflions,. 
To fct our looks at variance with our thoughts,. 
To check the ftarts and fallies of the foul, 
And brcuk-ofF all its commerce with the tongue |^ 
In fliort, to change us into other creatures 
Than what our nature and the gods defign*d us f 
To ftrik^ thee dumb i torn up thine eyes to.Cato.l 
There may*^ thou fee to what a godjtjkc height 
The Roman virtues lift up mortal man. 
While good, and juft, and anxious for his friends. 
He *s ftill feverely bent againft himfelf ; 
Renouncing fleep, and reft, and food, and eafe,. 
He ftiives with thirft and hunger, toil and heat j 
And when his fortune lets before him all 
The pomps and pleafiu*es that his Ibul can wifh>. 
His rigid virtue will accept of none.. 
S Y P H A X. 
Believe me. Prince, there *s not an African 
That traverfes our vaft Numidian deferts 
In queft of prey, and lives upon his bow. 
But better praftifcs thefe boaftcd virtues. 


. C A T O. 3^9 

t Us BNiIst the fortuae of the chafe, 
[ he (lakes his thirft, 
Toib aU the daif^ and at the aitproach of aight 
Chi the fiift friendly bank he throws him down. 
Or icftt his head upon axxx:k till mom : 
Then riles fidh, purfues fiis Vented game. 
And if the following day he chsnce to find 
Anew repaft^ or an untafted ipricg, 
Blcflfes his ftarsy. and things it luxury. 
J U B A. 

^y prejudices, Syphaz, won't difcem 
What wtncs grow fironw ignorance and choice^' 
Kor how the hero differs from the brute. 
But grant that others coiild with eqtial glory 
Look down OB pleafures and the baits of IVni'e $ 
Where Audi we find die man that bears afHi^ion, 
Gnat and fflajcftic in his griefs, like Cato ? 
Heavens, with whatftrength, what fleadinefs of min<I, 
He triumphs in the midft of all his fuffei ings ! 
How does he rife againft a load of woes, 
And thank the gods that throw the weight upon him i 
S Y P H AX. 

*Tis pride, rank pride, and haughlinefs of foul : 
I think the Romans call it Stoicifm. 
Had not your royal father thought fo highly 
Of Roman virtue, and of Cato's caufe, 
He had not hlVn by a (lave's hand inglorious : 
Nor would his (laugh ter'd army now have lain 
On Afric's fands, disfigurM with their wounds. 
To gorge the wolves and vultures of Numidia. 

S 4. J u B At 


J U B A. 
Why do'ft thou call my forrows up afrefh ? 
My father's name brings tears into my eyes, 
S Y P H A X. 
Oh, that you'd profit by your father's ills f 

What would'ft thou have me do ? 
8 Y P H A X. 

Abandon CatcK 
Syphax, I ihould be more than twke an orphan 
By fuch a lofs. 

S Y P H A X. 
Ay, there *s the tie that binds yoHl 
You long to call him father. Marcia's charms 
Work in your heart unfeen, and plead for Gate* 
No wonder you are deaf to all I fay. 
Syphax, your zeal becomes importunate ;. 
I *ve hitherto permitted it to rave, 
And talk at large } but heam to keep it in, 
Left it ihould take more freedom than I '11 give it. 
Sir, your great father never us*d me thus. 
Alas, he 's dead 1 but can you e'er forget 
The tender forrows, and the pangs of nature, 
The fond embraces, and repeated bleflings, 
Which you drew from him in your laft farewell ? 
Still muil; I cheriih the dear fad remembrance, 


^ <J A T O. 2^5 

^^ooee jb tortm and to plea(e my fbul. 
The good old kkig^ at parttn^^ wrung my hand, 
(Hb eyei Mh'^MI «»#tam) ilien fighing cry*d, 
Pr^ythee be carefol of my f<tti i«-iJiis grief 
8weU*d up ib li%k he co«id not niter more. 

J U B A. 
. Alat, thy Aory melts away Ay foul. 
That heft of fiitbers I how lha]l I difcharge 
The gntticode aadduty, which I owe htm ! 
By laying up his jcoimfels in your heart* 

Ms aranfelf bade me yield to thy dire£(ions : 
Then, Syphasc, chide me in fevereft tenhi. 
Tent ail % piAm, and I *]1 ftand its (hock. 
Calm and Mruffled as a fummer-fi^. 
When not a breath of wind iies a*er its furface. 
6 Y P H A X. 
Alasy my prince, I 'd guide you to your fafety*. 

I do believe thou wouId*ft $ but tell me how ? 

Fly firom the fate that follows Caefar's foes. 

My father fcomM to do't. 


And therefore dy'd'.. 


Better to die ten thouiand dioufand deaths, 

2 Than 


Than wound my. honour. 

S Y P H A X. 

Rather fay your love^ 
J U B A. 
Syphax, I've promis'd to preferve my temper. 
Why wilt thou urge me to confefs a flame, 
I long have ftifled^ and would fain conceal-? 
S Y P H A X. 
Believe me, prince, 'tis hard to conquer lovc> 
But eafy to divert and break its force : 
Abfence might cure it, or a fecond miftrefs 
Light up another flame, and put out this. 
The glowing dames of Zama*6 royal court 
Have faces fluiht with paore exalted charms. 
The fun, that rolls his chariot o'er their heSids, 
Works up more fire and colour in their clieeks : 
Were you with thefe,. my prince, you'd fooo forget 
The pale unripen'd beauties of the North.^ 
J U B A.. 
*Tis not a fet of features, or complexion^ 
The tinfture of a ikin, that I admire. 
Beauty foon grows familiar to the lover. 
Fades in his eye, and palls upon thefenfe.. 
The virtuous Marc i a towers above her fex z 
True, fhe is fair, (oh, how divinely fair 1) 
But dill the lovely maid improves her charms 
With inwaid greatnel'g, unafte6ted wifdom, 
And fanftity of manners. Cato's foul 
Shines out in every thing fhe a61s or fpeaks. 
While winning taildnefs and attractive fmiles 


* A T a «6r 

Bivdl in her kmkty'«aiid with becoming grace 
SoAen die rignor.of her £ither*8 virtues, 
. 8 Y P H A X. 
How does jnour tongue grow wanton in her praife t 
But <m-nij knees I b^ you would confider— ^ 

Ewter MAJLCIA and IlUCIa. 

JUBA. * 

Bdi ! SjrphaXy is Y not (he !— She moves this- way : 
And with her Lucia, Lucius's fair daughter. 
Mj heart beats diidt— I pr'ythee, Syphax, leave me» 

Ten dioii&nd. caries. faAen on them, both 1- 
Now will thk vroman with a iingle glance 
Undo, triiat I *ve been^labouring <U this while. [Exit. 



Hail charming maid, how does thy beauty fmooth 
The face of war, and make ev*n horror fmile ! 
At fight of thee my beart ftiakes off its forrows ; 
I feel a dawn of joy break in upon me, 
And £or a while forget th* approach of Caefar. 

I (hould be gricv'd, young prince, to think my prefence 
Unbent your thoughts, and llacken'd them to arms. 
While, warm with daughter, our vi£lorious foe 
Threatens aloud, and calh you to the fields 



J U B A. 

O Marcia, let me hope thy kind concerns 
And gentle wilhes follow me to battle I 
Thi thonght will give tttw vigovr tt> mjr ktm. 
Add ftrength ttftd weight tb mf dcfteiidln^ lword> 
And drive it in a tempeft on the foe. 

My prayers and wifhes always ihall attend - 
The friends of Rome, the gloriotis caufe of virtue^. 
Ahd tncft approv'd of by the gcds aftd Cato. 
J U B Ai 

Thilt Juba may dcferve thy pious cares> 
I HI gaze for ever on thy godlike father, 
Tranfplantihg, one by one, into my life 
His bright per fefUons, till I ihine like him« 

jUarcia. " 

My father never at a lime like this 
Would lay out his great foUl in words, iind wafte 
Such precious moments. 

J U B A. 

Thy reproofs are juft. 
Thou virtuous maid 5 I '11 haften to my troops. 
And fire their languid fbuls with Cato's virtue j 
If e'er I lead them to the field, when all 
The war (hall ftand ranged in its juft array. 
And dreadful pomp : theii will I think fon thee ! 
O lovely maid, then will I think on thee 1 
An'd, in the Ihock of charging hofts, remember 
What glorious deeds (hou*d grace the man, who hopes 
For Marcia*s love. » [Exit, 



^i^naVf you're fxw icvcpr s 
'Hovr-coiildf^ii «W« die young good-natur'd princ^ 
And drhre kip from ytm vfith ib fiem an air, 
A prince that lores and dottt on you to death ? 
"TkAmthnf Ludat, that I chide Iiim from me. * 
HUair, JutToice, Us looks* and honeft foul. 
Speak nUibmoringly in his behalf, 
1 dare not tmft vyiclf IP hesir him tall;* 

"" LUCIA. 
Why will yo» fight againft fo fweet a pafllon* 
And ibel yoor heart to ftich a world of charms ? 
B0W9 LUbia ! wonhTft.diou have me (ink away 
In plnfing dreams, and lofe myfelf in love. 
When every moment Cato^s lifers at ftake ? 
Caefar cpmes armM with terror and revenge. 
And aims his thunder at my father^s head : 
Should not the fad cfCcaiion fwallow up 
My other cares, and draw them all into it ? 
Why have not I diis conftancy of mind. 
Who have fo many griefs to try its force? 
Sure, nature forif 'd ine of her fofteft mould. 
Enfeebled all my ibul with tender pafliops. 
And funk me ev'n below my own weak ftx : 
Pity and love» by tarns, opprefs my hearts 

M A R CI A« 


M A R C I A. 
Lucia, difburthen all thy cares on me, 
And let me (hare thy moft retired diftrefs 5 
Tell me who' raifestil) this confli6^ in thee. 
I need not blufh to name them, when J tell thee 
The.y 'xe Marcia's brothers, and the fons of Cato* 
M AR C I A. 
They both behold thee with their fitter's eyes-: 
And often have reveal'd their paflion to me. 
3ut tell me, whofe addrefs thou favour'ft moft ? 
I long to know, and yet I dread to hear it« 
Which is it Marcia wiihes for ? 


'*• For neither— —i 

And yet for both— The youths have equal fhare 
In Marcia's wiflies, • and divide their fifter : 
Buf tell me which of them is Lucia's choice? 
Marcia, they both are high in my efteera, 
But in my love — Why wilt thou make me name him ? 
Thou know'ft, it is a blind and foolilli paflioft, 
Pleas'd anc[ difgufted with it knows not what. 
O Lucia, I 'm perplexM : O* tell me which 
I muftr hereafter call my happy brother ? 
Suppofe 'twere Portius, -could you blame my choice I 
O Portiu§, thou haft ftol'n away my foul I 

5 Wit! 

• ^ A T O, a7t 

^^With^^rlnt a gnccfvl tendernefs he lovts t 
And bNithet tiieibftefty the finceref^ vowi ! 
Conplaceiicyy and trath, and manly fweetnefs, 
' J>well erer on his tongue, and fmooth his thoughts* 
Marcot is over-wamii his fond complaints 
Havei* much earneftneis and paffion in them> 
I hear him with a iecret kind of dread. 
And tremble at his vehemence of temper. 
Alatipoor yoothl howcan^ft thouthrowhimfrom thee? 
Lncia, thoaknow*ft not half the lore he bears thee ; 
Wlieiie*cr he fpeaks of thee, his heart *s in flames. 
He fends out all his foul ia every word. 
And thinks* and talks, and looks like one tranfportcd. 
ITnhappy youth I how will thy coldnefs raife 
Tempelb and ftonns in his affli£^ed bofom ! 
I dnad the conieqnence'^ 


You feem to plead 
Againft your brother Fortius— 
M AR C I A. 

Heaven forbid I 
Had Fortius been the unfuccefsful lover, 
The i^me companion Vrould have falKn on him. 
i U CI A. 
Was ever virgin love diftrefl like mine ! 
Fortius himfelf oft falls in tears before me. 
As if he moumM his rivars ill fucccfs. 

Then bids me hide the motions of my heart. 



Nor fliow which way it turns. So much he fearsf 
The fad cfFefts that it would have on Marcus. 
M AR C I /^. 
He knows too well how eaiily he^s fir'd. 
And would not plunge his brother in defpairy 
..But waits for happier times, and kinder moments. 
Alas ! toa late I find myfelf involvM 
In endlefs griefs and labyrinths of woe, 
.^JBfom to afflift my Marcia's family. 
And fow difTention in the hearts of brothers* 
Tormenting thought I it cuts into my foul, 
Letus not, Lucia, aggravate our fbrrows. 
But to the gods permit th' event of things. 
Our lives, diicolourM with our prefent woe8» 
May ilill grow bright, and fmile with happitr hoon. 

So the pure limpid ih-eam, when foul with ftains 
Of rulhing torrents, and defcending rains. 
Work's itlelf clear, and, as it runs, refines 5 
Till by degrees the floating mirrour fliines, 
-Reflects each flower that on the border grows, 
. And a new heaven in its fair bofum ihows. lExftutf, 



rbg SENATE. 


ROME ftill furriTCt in tlu» aflcmbled Senate:! 
Let US wmembcr we are Cato's friends> 
Jbid aft like nen wbo claim that glorious title. 
OdD will iboa be-lieDCf and open to at 
ThTopaifionofaiirmeetiiig. Harkl hecometl 

[A found $ftrumpeU. 
hlfjf all Ae j^iiar£an.god8 of Rome dlre^ him \ 

Fatlien^ we once again are met in council. 
Caefar*t i^roach has fummonM us together^ 
And Rome attends her fate from our refolves : 
How (hall we treat this bold afpiring man ? 
Succeft ftill follows him, and backs his crimes : 
Pharialia.gave him Rome j Egypt has fince 
Receiv'*d his yoke, and the whole Nile is Caefar^s. 
Why (hould I mention Juba's overthrow, 
And Scipio^f death? Numidia^s burning fands 
Still foioak with blood. ^Tis time we fhould decree 
What courfe to take. Our foe advances on us. 
And envies us ev'n Libya's fuitry defarts. 
Fathers, proQOunce your thoughts, are they fiill fixt 
T To 


To hold it out, and fight it to the laft ? 
Or are your hearts fubdued at length, and wrought 
By time and ill fuccefs to a fubmiffion ? 
Sempronius, fpeak. 


My voice is ftil! for war, 
Gods, can a, Roman fenate long debate 
Which of the two to chufe, flavery or death ! - * ' 
No, let us rife at once, gird on our fwords. 
And, at the head of our remaining troops. 
Attack the foe, break through the thick array 
Of his throngM legions, and charge hbih6 upoh'lnAl 9 
Perhaps Tome arm, more lucky than the refl. 
May reafch his heart, and free the world fh>m bbtidase. 
Kife, fathers, rife ; 'tis Rome demands your help ; 
Rife, and revenge her flaughter'd citizens. 
Or fhare their fate : the corps of half her fenate 
Manure the fields of Theffaly, while we 
Sit here, deliberating in cold debates. 
If we fhould facrifice our lives to honour. 
Or wear them out in fervitude and chains. 
Roufe up for fhame ! our brothers of Pharfalia 
Point at their wounds, and cry aloud — to battle ! 
Great Pompey's fhade complains that we are flow. 
And Scipio*s ghofl walks unrevengM amongft us, 
C A TO. 
Let not a torrent of impetuous zeal 
Tranfport thee thus beyond the bounds of reafon : 
True fortitude is feen in great exploits. 

That juftice warrants, and that wifdom guides, 

4 All 

C A T O. Z7S 

AO^fe it tamripg jhrtnfy and difbaaicm. 
JUc Boft die Uvn «^ thoiey vdio draw die fward 
In ]lonie*s dcfenoet entniflBd to our care ? ^ 

Should we dnis lead them to a field of flaughter, 
Might not th* impartial world with reafon Cay, 
We UviihM at onr deaths the blood of thoufands. 
To grace onr AU,. and make our ruin glo/ioua ? 
JLncnUy ^me next would know what ^s jour opinion* 
jU U C I u s. 
Mf thoughts, I muft confefs, are turned on peace* 
Hhmd^ have our quarrek filPd the world 
¥Pldi widows and wath orphans: Scythia mourns 
Oar guilty tvar^ and earth's remoteft regions 
Ue half inypeopkdby the feuds of Rome : 
*Tit time to (heath dut fword^ and fpare mankind. 
it it not Cmbj^ hat the gods, my fathers^ 
The gods declare againft us« and repd 
Our yain attempts. To urge the foe to battle, 
(Prompted by blind revenge and wild defpair) 
Were to refufe th' awards of providence^ 
And not to reft in heaven'^s determination. 
Already have we ihown onr love to Rome : 
Now let us ihow fubmiilion to the gods. 
We took up armsy not to revenge ourfelves. 
But free the commonwealth j when this end fails. 
Arms haTC no further nfe : our country's caufe. 
That drew our fwordsy now wrefts them from our hands^ 
And bids us not delight in Roman blood, 
Unprofitably ihed ; what men could do 
Is done already : heaven and earth will witnefs, 
if Rome muft fall, that we are innocent. 

T * S E M- 



This fmooth difcourfe and mild behaviour oft 
Conceal a traitor — Something whifpers me 
All is not right— Cato, bewareof Lucius. \^4Jideto Cato. 

Let us appear not raih nor diffident i 
Immoderate valour fwells into a fault. 
And fear, admitted into public councils. 
Betrays like treafon. Let us fhun them both. 
Fathers, I cannot fee that our affairs 
Are grown thus defperate. We have bulwarks round us j 
Within our walls are troops imir'd to toil 
In Afric's heats, and feafon'd to the funj 
Numidia^s fpacious kingdom lies behind ue. 
Ready to rife at its young prince's call. 
Whilft there is hope, do not diftruft the god8.j 
But wait at leaft till Caefar's near approach 
Force us to yield. 'Twill never be too late 
To fue forcliains, and own a conqueror. 
Why (hould Rome fall a moment ere her time ? 
No, let us draw her term of freedom out 
In its full length, and fpin it to the laft. 
So fhall we gain ftill one day's liberty; 
And let me perifh, but in Cato's judgment, 
A day, an hour of virtuous liberty. 
Is worth a whole eternity in bondage. 

Enter MARCUS- 
MAR c U S. 
Fathers, this moment as I watch'd the gates, 
Lodg'd on my poll, a herald is arriv'd 


C A T O. 277 

Kqoi GRiirYcainp, and with him comes old Decius, 
' Tbe Romaaknij^s be carries in his looks 
Trnfiitifff^j and demands to fpeak with Cato. 

C A T O. 
. By yo^r permiiEon, fathers, bid him enter. 

[Exit Ma&cus. 
J^edtts was once my friend ; but other profpeSks 
Hate loosed thofe ties, and bound him faft to Cxfar. 
His meffiige may determine our refolves. 

Enter D^CIVS. 
O £C lU S. 
Csefitf lends health to Cato-- 

Could he fend it 
To CatoTt flaaghter^d friends, k would be welcome. 
Aft not yonr orders to addrefs the fenate ? 
D E C I US. 
My bufinefs is with Cato : Caefar fees 
The fireights to which you *re driven ; and, as he knows 
Cato^s high worth, is anxious for his life. 
My life is grafted on the fate of Rome : 
Would he fave Cato ? bid him fpare his country. 
Tell your dictator this ; and tell him Cato, 
Diidains a life, which he has power to ofFer. 
Rome and her fenators fubmit to Csfar; 

Her generals and her confuls are no more, 

T 3 Wli# 


Who checkM his conquefts, and denyM his triumphs,. 
Why will not Cato be this Caefar's friend ? 

C A T O. 

Thofe very rtafons^ thou haft urg'd> forbid it» 
D £ C I U S. 

Cato> I *ve orders to expoftulate. 
And itafon with you as £rom friend to friend : 
Think on the ftorm that gathers o'er your head. 
And threatens every hour to burft upon it i 
Still may you ftand high in your country's honours » 
Do but comply, and make your peace witii Caefar.. 
Kome will rejoice, and caft its eyes on Cato, 
As on the fecond of mankind. 


No more t 
I muft not think of life on Aicb conditions. 
D £ C I U 8. 

Caefar is well acquainted with your virtues. 
And therefore fets this value on your life : 
Let him but know the price of Cato's friendfliip,. 
And name your terms. 

Bid him difband his legions, 
Reftore the commonwealth to liberty. 
Submit his adlions to the public cenfure. 
And ftand the judgment of a Roman fenate» 
Bid him do this, and Cato is his friend. 
D £ C I U S. 
Cato, the world talks loudly of your wiidom— 


^ ..... .Cf A T O. 27$ 


Hiwf mpot ifvfQlfi. Cato^s Toice was .iie*er employ^ 

To cleir the goiltjry «|id to vamifli crimety 

Myielf frill DUHUit the Jloftniin in hit h,foar, 

jB^ijtiifttx'^ to i^.his pardon from the people. 

D JB C I U 8. 

A ilile like Uiis becomes a conqueror. 


Deciiity « iile like this becomes a Roman* 

D £ C I U 8. 

What is a Roman, that is C«fiur*s foe f 


Grater than Cm&r, he *s a friend to virtue* 

D E CI U 8. 

Confidety Cato, jon*re in Utica; 

And at the head of your own little ienatei 

You don*t now thunder in the capitoI, 

With all the mouths of Rome to fecond you* 


Let him confider that who drives us hither : 

*Tis Csfar^s fwcrd has made Rome^s fenate little. 

And thinned its ranks. Alas ! thy dazzled eye 

Beholds this man in a falfe glaring light. 

Which conqueft and fuccefs have thrown upon him ; 

Didft thou but view him right, thou Mft fee him bla^i: 

With murder, treafbn, facrilege, and crimes. 

That ftiike my foul with horror but to name them. 

I know thou look' ft on me, as on a wretch 

Bcict with illsj and coverM with misfortunes j 

T 4 But, 


But, by the gods I fwear, mfllions of worlds 
Should never buy me to be like that Caefar. 
DEciv S. 

Does Cato fvnd this anfwerback to Caefary 
For all his generous cares, and profFor'd friendihipf ' 

His cares for me are tnfolent and vain-:- 
Prefumptuout man 1 tlie gods take care of Cata«» 
Would Carfar Ihow. the greatnefe of his foul^ 
Bid him employ his care for thcfe my friends,^ 
And make good ufe of bin ilUgotten power 
By iheltering men much better than himftlf. 

D E C I U S. 
Your high unconquer'd heart makes you forget 
That you 're a man. You rufh on your deftru6lion;. 
But I have; done. When I relate hereafiec 
The tale of this unhappy cmbaffy. 
All Rome will be in tears. [^Exif*. 


Cato, we thank thee. 
The mighty genius of immortal Rome 
Speaks in thy voice, thy foul breathes liberty : 
C«far will (brink to hear the words thou utter'lb, 
/ind (hudder in the midft of all his conquefts. 
The fenate owns its gratitude to Cato, 
Who with fo great a foul confults its fafety. 
And guards our lives while he neglcfls his own, 
Sempronius gives no thanks on this account; 


C^ A T O, %u 

lAad«flife; Irat what is life ? 

fkvm tSmt totiBey cr gate upon the (bn ^ 
*Tb to be liee. When libertj is gone, 
LifegRm»flilipsd» andlns lo&its rtliih.- 
O could wj &pB% haad butlodge a IVrord 
Li Ck&t^s hotom, and reveage mj c^untiy, 
Bj beacfoit I oovid*ciijpy the pangs of death,, 
And finilejui agionj^ 

L V C I U 9» 

Others perhapti^ 
Majicne.dKir oonntrf with as warm a aealj, 
Tboogft *tii not kindled into Co much rage. 
8 E If PR ONI us. 
This fi»ber conduct is a mighty yirtue 
In Inke-warm satriots. 

C A T O. 
Come ! no more, Serapronibs': 
Allliere are friends to Rome, and to each other. 
Let us not weaken ftill the weaker fide, 
By our divifions. 


Cato, my rdentment» 
Are fiicrificM to Rome— I ftand reprovM. 

Fathers, ^tis time you come to a refolve.. 

Cato^ we all go into your opinion. 
Caeiar^s behaviour has convincM the fenate 
We ottgfat to hold it out till terms arrive. 

8 E M- 



We ought to hold it out till death j but, Cato, 
My private voice is drowned amid the^Ienate's. 
C A T O. 

Then let us rife, my friends^ aad^ftrivfrtoiill 
This little interral, this paufe of life, 
(While yet our liberty and fates are doubtful) 
With refolutioiiyfnendfliipy Roman bravery. 
And all the virtues we can crowd into it ) 
That heaven may fay, it ought to be prolonged. 
Fathers, farewell — ^The young Numidian prince 
Comes forward, and experts to know our councils. 

C A T o. 
Juba, the Roman fenate has refolv*d. 
Till time give better profpe^ls, ftill to keep 
The fword un/heath'd, and turn its edge on Caeiar. 
The refolution fits a Roman fenate. 
But, Cato, lend me for a while thy patience. 
And condefcend to hear a young man fpeak. 

My father, when fome days before his death 
He ordered me to march for Utica 
(Alas ! I thought not then his death fo near!) 
Wept o'er me, prefs*d me in his aged arms. 
And as his griefs gave way. My fon, faid be. 
Whatever fortune /hall bcfal thy father. 
Be Cato's friend $ he'll train thee up to great 


e A T O. ris 

It 4o%iit •bfenrehkn well, 
* lW»itfcttilMi fa i l «i M i , ortiMm*ltlqaatobcMr diem. 
Jnba, dqr Micr was m worthy prince, 
AadnoitBdy alasl abetter firtej 
Birt'lmveA dKing^ odierwiie. 
J U B A* 

Ib ipitcofallfiiefiMtitade diatfliuies 
Bc&te mj fiux, in Cato*s great example, 
Subdnca my ibal, and fills my eyes widi tears*. 
C A T O, 
It is an beoeft Arrow, and becomes thee. 

JU B A. 
My hAer dftw refpeft from IbieigB climes i 
The kings of A^c (ought him for dicir ^end» 
Kings £ar remote, that rule, as fisune reports. 
Behind the hidden fources of the Nile, 
In diftant worlds, on Mother fide the fun : 
Oft have their black a^bafTadors appeared, 
Loaden with gifts, and fiU'd the courts of Zama* 
C A T O. 
I am no ffaranger to thy father^s greatnefs. 

I would not boaft the greatnefs of my father. 
But point out new alliances to Cato. 
Had we not better leave this Utica, 
To arm Numidia in our caufe, and court 
Th*-afliAance of my father's powerful friends ? 


Did they know Cato, our remoteft kings 
Would pour embattled multitudes about him j 
Their fwarthy hofts would darken all our plains^ 
Doubling the native horror of the war. 
And making death naore grim. 

C A T O. 

And canft thou think 
Cato will fJy before the fword of Caefar ? 
Reduced, like Hannibal, to feek relief 
From court to court, and wander up and down^ 
A vagabond in Afiic ! 

J U B A. 

Cato, perhaps 
I 'm too officious, but my forward cares 
Would fain preferve a life of fo much value. 
My heart is wounded, when I fee fuch virtue 
Affli6led by the weight of fuch misfortunes. 


Thy noblenefs of foul obliges me. 
But know, young prince, that valour foars above 
What the world calls misfortune, and affli£lion. 
Thefe are not ills; elfe would they never fall 
On heaven's firft favourites, and the bcft of men t 
The gods, in bounty, work up ftorms about us. 
That give mankind occafion to exert * 

Their hidden ftrength, and throw out into prafticd 
Virtues, that fhun the day, and lie concealed 
In the fmooth feafons^ and the calms of life. 

5 J VBA. 

J B A. 
I\b duurmM wlieiieV thou talk*ft ! I pmt for virtue t 
And ill mf fiial endeavoiirs atperfe^on. 
TML dioo love watching8> abftineace, and toil, 
labofMMt ▼irtoM all ? kam' them fkom Cato i 
Swoeft andfatoae muft diou learn from Cslkr. 
J U B A. 
Tlie beft good-fbrtnne that can fall on Jtib9p 
The whole fucceft at which mj heart ai^re^ 
fit^ends on Gato* 


What docs Juba fay \ 
Thy wmdt confound me* 

. JUB A« 

I would fain retra£l them. 
CiTC them me back again. They aimM at nothing. 
Tell me thy wifli» young prince ; make not my ear 
A ftranger to thy thoughts. 


Oh} they^re extravagant | 
:Still let me hide them. 

♦ C A X •• 

What can Juba aik 
That Cato will refufe ! 


I fear to name it. 
JdaiiciA«*iiiheriti all her father*a virtues. 



tf o« 








•.'U*» ' 






















fo^\, ^^ 



- 'C ■ A !♦ O. 2%f- 


Oh, I tHrald pierce my heart, 
Mjibdilhlieart! Wat erer wretch like Juba ? 
, • S-YPHAX. 

Alas 1 iDjr prince bow are you changM of late ! 
IVe known jopng Juba rife before the fun. 
To beat llie ditckat where the tiger flcpt. 
Or ftck dif hit dieadful haunts t 
Aow djd'dw colour mount into your cheeks. 
When furft you n>us*d him to the chace 1 I >e feen you 
Er*n in the Libyan dog-days hunt him down, 
Thfegy cliai fc fc J iitt cliofey provoke him to th6 rage 
Of fimgl-aad clawsi and ftooping &om your horfe 
Rivet thepaati]^ ikvage to the ground. 
Pr*ythee, nomore! 


How would the old king fmile 
To fee you weigh the paws, when tipp'd with gold, 
And throw the ihaggy fpoils about your ihoulders ! 
Syphax, this old man's talk (though honey flow'd 
In every word) would now lofe all its fweetnefs. 
Cato's diipleasM, and Marcia loft for ever! 

S Y P H A i. 
Young (Hince, I yet could give you good advice. 
Marcia ni^ ^1 be yours. 



J U B A. 
What fay'ft thou, Syphax ? 
.3y heavens, thou turn'ft me all into attention, 
S Y. P H AX. 
Msurcia.mij;htimi be yours. 
JU B A. 

As how, dear Syphax? 
Juba commands' Numidia^s hardy ti-oops. 
Mounted* oa fteeds, unusM to the reftraint • 
•Of curbs or bits, and fleeter than the wittds : 
Give but the word, we Ml fnatch this damfel up^ 
And bear her off* 


Can fiich 'dHhooeft. thaugfats 
Rife up -in man 1 would^ft thou feduce my youth 
To do an a6l that would defboy my honour? 
Gods, I could tear my beard to hear you tailc! 
Honour *s a fine imaginary notion, 
That draws in raw and unexperienced men 
To real mifchiefs, while they hunt a fhadow. 
J U BA. 
Would'ft thou degrade thy.prince into a ruffian ? 

The boafled anceftors of thefe great men, 
Whofe virtues you admire, were all fuch ruffians. 
This, dread of nations, this almighty Rome, 
That ccmprehends in her wide empire's bounds 


.^ • n,, A t O. alt 

An voderhanrtB* wit fininded on a rape. 
YMTfigcipia^ CmU!; Pdmpey'iy aiul your C«to*« 
{Thde gods on eardi) an afl ^ ipuriout bfood 
Of violated mudi, of raTifliM Sabinet. 
Sjphax, I fear 4at hoary head of thine 
Abbwuk too much m our Numidian wilei. 
Indeed, mj prince j you want to know the worlds 
Yon have not read mankind : your youth admires 
'^The duowa and fwellingi of a Roman foul. 
Catena 1m14 fli|^ti, th* extravieigance of vlrtne* 
If knoi^edge of the world makes man perfidious > 
May Join ever life in ignorance I 
Go, go* you're young. 


Gods, muft I tamely bear 
This arrogance unanfwerM ! thou 'rt a traitor, 
A falfe old traitor. 

t I have gone too far, [4/Wf. 

Cafto fhall know the bafenefs of thy foul. 

I muft appeafe this ftorm, or perifli in it. [^AJde, 
Young prince, behold thefe locks, that are grown whitf 
Bomlh a hdmet ii| your father's battles, 



J U B A. 
Thcde locks fiiall ne>r protofl thy infolenoe. 

sy P HAX. 
Mut^ one ralk ^mord, th* infirmity ^f age. 
Throw Jown the merit of nay bctttr yeairs ? 
Thi$ the mouni of m whole lite of ieiTice ! 
Cunc on the boy! knrikadi^y he hears me! 14/^' 
J U B A* 
1$ it beckoie the thruie of my iare-£ithefs 
Still A&fid$ unfilled, and thst Nuicidia's craws 
Haajs^i dsMthscfx:] \ e:, vhcit head it ihsS eadak, 
Tboia thxi^^v^etuo'i to tiYai try rsisoe viik ibom? 
S V P H A X. 
W^T ^«^ yoQ rife ray bnrt w;^ ibdi csfRfioBftf 
IVxtt l>d: okl Srpksc foticvr ycv to war? 
Whua»h^>.i«tt: wi!T4a^hei«l^nA4 
Ht$ txv»hi«D^ ^1K« and cradh tvseiu^ i< 
H» wrakjMl re. «^ " w^s3t ir it he a.^BicslD? 
l:f i: r>cc r^ : re ibio i^ alenr ir^ilrs, 
Hk^iiA,|Kcrcsiiidf hk*^ ia ycur oe&sce? 
I V J A. 
^S^xj&HBK]. 3i# x^nrt : I wfc^ 3Xfi hsar yam tijk. 

i Y P i« A X, 
Kit Ik-jl*- jik Uak3 «4i:» i«-iKX srj nJ:^ ar Jx^h^ 

f T I A, 

"ffVfct V-nwf^ Ae Wry c»r wel iimr By !hnie» 


« A T O. i^t 


7o 4o u aCiioii tiUdi my ibol abhors, 
ibid gaia ja« whom joa lore at anj price. 
JU B A. 
WattlHtlltjrmocipe? I bate liceii too liaftf, 

s T P H A X. 
Jiad tk-lbr tkb my prince lia« call*ii me tnifnc 

J U B A. 
;8i4e AmiaHftik'fti I liid not caH dice io. 


ToB-didiaiRd, mjr Prince; 3roa callM metraitDrs 
Tfajf jfaftkr^ ducBtenM joo *d coroplam to Cato* 
Of wha^ mf pnac^ wooJd yon complahi to Cafio? 
Sltt SyflHB lo«BsyoB> mid wonld £Kriiiee 
Mm UStg -wtf man, kb kononiy in joor fcrrice? 
. J U B A. 
SjplmSy I knoar thoa ]or*ft me, %nt inderd 
Thy weal for Jnba earned dice too far. 
Honour *s a iacred tie, the law of ki&gs. 
The ndbk mind-s didingui&ing perfeftiofif 
That aids and ftrengthens vlitse, where it meets hcx^ 
And imittfes her adions, wheze ihe is sot: 
It 002^ not to be ^^orted with. 

S Y P H A X. 

By heare&s 
I^mrasrifli^wbenycmtalktiras, tbofgghyoo chide cae. 
Alas, I *rt hitherto been ns'd to think 
A hliad cCcions zeal to ferre my kii|g 

Us Tfce 


The ruling principle, that ought to burn 
And quench all others in a fubjefl's heart. 
Happy the people who preferve their honour 
By the fame duties that oblige their prince 1 
JU B A. 

Syphax, thou now beginn'fl to fpeak thyfelf. 
Numidia *8 grown a fcorn among the nations 
For breach of public vows. Our Punic faith 
Is infamous, and branded to a proverb. 
Syphax, we Ml join our cares, to purge away 
Our country ""s crimes, and clear her reputation. 
S Y P H A X. 

■ Believe me, prince, you make old Syphax weep 
To hear you talk— but 'tis wkh tears of joy. 
If e'er your father's crown adorn your brow$» 
Numidia will be bleft by Cato's le^flures. ■ 
JU B A. 

Syphax, thy hand I we 'II mutually forget 
The warmth of youth, and frowardnefs of age : 
Thy prince eftccms thy worth, and loves thy perfon. 
If e>r the fceptcr comes into my hand, 
Syphax fhall ftand the fecond in my kingdom* 

Why will you overwhelm my age with kindnefs ? 
My joy grows buithenfome, I iha'n't fupporf it. 
. J U B A. 

Syphax, farewell. I '11 hence, and try tp find 
Some bleft occafion that may fet me right 

A In 

C AT O. i|3 

b GifeoS dKWfbtt. I M rather have that man 
Afpiofe Vny diseda, dum worlds for my admirers. 

8 Y P H A X. 
Young men foon giye, and foon forget ailronts | 
Old age is llow in both— a falfe old traitor ! 
Iftofe wordsy raih boy, may chance to coft thee dear : 
My heart had ftill fome fooliih fondnefi) for thee : 
But hence ! *tis gone : I give it to the winds :«— 
CmEu, I *m'wh<4ly thine— 



All hail, -Scmpronius { 
Well^ Cato*s Senate is refolv^d to wait 
The fiiry of a £ege, before it yields. 
Syphax, we both were on the verge of fate : 
Lucras declarM for peace, and terms were offcrM 
To Cato by a meilenger from Caefar. 
Should they fubmit, ere our defigns are ripe. 
We both muft perilh in the common wreck, 
Loft in a gencial undiftingiiifh^d ruin. 
8 Y P H A X. 
« But how ftands Cato ? 


Thou haft fetn Mount Atla» : 
While ftorms and tempefts thunder on its brow5> 
And oceans break their billows at its i'ttt. 

It ftands unmoved, and glories in its height. 

U 3 ^.'Ji 


Such is that haughty man ; his towering foul> 
'Midft all the fhocks and injuries of fortune^ 
!Rifes fuperior, and look down on Caefar, 
S Y P H A X. 
But what *s this meflenger ? 


I Ve praftis'd with him^i. 
And found a means to let the vi^or know 
That Syphax and Sempronius are his friends*. 
But let me now examine in my turn ;. 
Is Juba fixTd ? 

S Y P W A X* 
Yes, but it is to Cato. 
I 've try'd the force of every reafbn on him, 
Spoth d and carefs'd, been angry, foothM again^ 
Laid fa&ty, lift, and intereft, in his fight 5 
But all are vain, he fcoriisr them all for Cato. 
S E M P R O N 1 U S> 
Come^ 'tis no matter, we Ihall do without him,. 
He *11 make a pretty figure in a triumph. 
And fervc to trip before the vigor's chariot, 
Syphax, I now may hope thou haft forfeok 
Thy Juba's caufe, and wifheft.Marcia mine- 
May (he be thine as faft as th9u wouldft have her \ 

Syphay, I love that woman 3 though I curfe 
Her and myfelf, yet, fpight of aie, I love her. 


," * C A T O. ^15 

8 Y P H A X. 

M pJE B €rtofq«e, ^lulgive upUticat 
€UAr will iie*er refvfe tfiee Aich a trifle. 
But are thy troops prepared for a revolt ? 
Docs the ieditton catch fi-om man fo many 
And mn among their ranks ? 


Ally all is ready. 
The hBHoui leaders are our friends> that fpread 
Mormnrs and difcontents among the foldiers. 
They count their toxlfome marches, long ^Bitigues, 
Uoufital fadings } and will bear no more 
This nocdley of philoibphy and war. 
Within an hour they *]1 ftorm the Senate-houfet 
S Y P H A X. 

Mdui while I *11 draw up my Numidian troops 
Within the fquare, to exercife their armsj 
And. as I fee occafion, favour thee. 
I laugh to think how your unfhaken Cato 
Will look aghafty while unforefeen deftru6lioqi 
Pours in upon him thus from every fiJe* 
S09 where our wide Numidian waives extend. 
Sudden, th* impetuous hurricanes defcend. 
Wheel through the air, in circling eddies play. 
Tear up the fands, and fweep whole plains away. 
The heJplefs traveller, with wild furprize, 
Sees the dry defert all around him rife, 
Andy imother'd in the dufty whirlwind, dies* 








THANKS to my ftars, I have not rangM about 
Tlie wilds of life, ere I could find a friend j 
Nature firft pointed out my Fortius to me. 
And early taught me, by her fecret force. 
To love thy perfon, ere I knew thy merit j 
Till, what was inilin6^, grew up into friendfhip* 
Marcus, the friendlhips of the world are oft 
Confederacies in vice, or leagues of pleafure 3 
Ours has fevereft virtue for its bafis. 
And fuch a fnendihip ends not but with life. 
Fortius, thou know^ft my foul in all its weaknefs : 
Then pr'ythee fpare me on its tender fide. 
Indulge me but in love, my other paflions 
Shall rife and fall by virtue's niceft rules. 
Wiien love 's well-tim'd, 'tis not a fault to love. 
The ftrong, the brave, the virtuous, and the wife. 
Sink in the foft captivity together. 
I would not urge thee to difmifs thy pa0ion, 
(I know 'twere vain) but to fupprefs its force. 
Till better times may make it look mvre graceful. 


,* V • \C: A T O. 9^ 

JDU'I . Abv talVft lika one wiio nevtr lelt 
Hi* impatient timbs and longings of a fouU 
That panU and reaches af^er difbint good. 
A lover doct not live hy vulgar time { 
Believe me. Fortius^ in my Lucia^s abfence 
Life hangt upon me, and becomes a burden ; 
Arid yet idien I Behold the charming maid 
I *m tcB-timct more undone $ while hope, and £ear» 
^M grief* *Bd rage, and love, rife up at once> 
And w&b varictj of pain di&mSt me* 

What ean diy PMius db to give thee help ? 

Portiaa^ thou oft enjoy^ft die fair-one*s prefence s 
Then uidertake my caofe, and plead it to her 
Wkb all the ftrength and heat of eloquence 
Fraternal love and fiiendihip ean infpire. 
Tell her thy brother languiihes to death. 
And fades away, and withers in his bloom ; 
That he forgets his ileep, and loaths his food. 
That youth, and health, and war, are joylefs to him t 
Defcribe his anxious days and reftlefs nights, 
And all the torments that thou feed me fuffer. 

Marcus, I beg thee, give mc not an ofHce 
That fuits with me fo ill. Thou know'ft my temper* 

Wilt thou behold me frnking in my woes } 
And wilt Aou not reach out a friendly arm. 
To raiie me from amidil this plunge of forrows > 




Marcus, thou canfl: not afk what I 'd refufe. 
But here believe me I 've a thoufand reafons— 

I know thou *lt fay, my paflion 's out of feafon. 
That Cato's great example and misfortunes 
Should both confpire to drive it from my thoughts* 
But what 's all this to one who loves like me * 
Oh Fortius, Fortius, from my foul I wifli 
Thou didft but know thyfelf what 'tis to love I 
Then would'ft thou pity and affift thy brother, 

What fhould I do f If I difclofe my paffion, 
Our friendihip 's at an end : if I conceal it, 
The world will call me falfe to a friend and brother. 

But fee where Lucia, at her Svonted hour. 
Amid the cool of yon high marble arch, 
Enjoys the noon-day breeze ! obferve htr. Fortius \ 
That face, that ihape, thofe eyes, that heaven of beauty { 
Obferve her well, and blame me if thou canll. 
She fees us, and advances-— 


I 11 withdraw. 
And leave you for a while. Remember, Fortius, 
Thy brother's life depends iipo^ thy tongue. [E;cif^ 


C A T or, 49 

Jto#r LUCIA.. 


IKS'not rfee your brotlier Marcus here ? 
Why did he fly the place, and fliun my prefence?^ 

Ohy Lvcia, language is too ^int to fhow 
Bit rage of iov&; it preys upon his life ; 
Be pines^ he flckens, he deipairs, he diess 
Bb paffiont-and:his virtues lie confusM, 
And iiiix!d,tbgctbcr in fo wild a tumult. 
That- die whole man is quite disfigured in him, 
flcavenar wouldone tlnnl^ ^twere poflible for lov^* 
To makd fnch^ramge in a noble (bul ! 
Qk, Liicia>. I *m diftteft *d K my heart bleeds for him s^ 
Bv^ Hiomi tvfaiie thus I ftand bleft in thy prefence^^ 
A ftcntdamp of giief comes o^ermy thoughts-. 
And I *m unhappy, though thou fmiPft upon me. 

How wilt thou guard thy honour, in the (hock 
Of love and friend/hip ? Think betimes, my Fortius^ 
Think how the nuptial tie,, that might enfure 
^nr mutual blifs, would raife to fuch a height 
Thy brother^s griefs, as might perhaps deffaroy him* 

Alasy poor youth! what doll thou think, myLucia^ 
Hit generous, open, undefigning heart 
Hat beggM his rival to folicit for him. 
Then do not (hike him dead with a denial,. 
But hold him up in ]i£cf and cheer his foul 



With the faint glimmering of a doubtful hope : 
Perhaps^ when we have pafs'd thefe gloomy hours. 
And weathered out the ftorra that beats upon us— » 
No, Portius, no ! I fee thy fitter's tears,. 
Thy father's anguifh, and thy brother's death. 
In the purfuit of our ill-fated loves. 
And, Portius, here I fwear, to heaven I fwear. 
To heaven, and all the powers that judge mankind. 
Never to mix my plighted hands with thine. 
While fuch a cloud of mifchiefs hangs about us t 
But to forget our loves, and drive thee out 
9rom all my thoughts, as far— -as I afn able«. 
What haft tiiou faid 1 I 'm thunder-ftrack^t— Recals 
Thofe hafty words, or I am loft for ever. 
L U C I A, 
Has not the vow ali-eady pafs'd my lips ? 
The gods have heard it, and 'tis fealM in heaven*,. 
May all the vengeance, that was ever pour'd 
On perjur'd heads, overwhelm me, if I break it ! 

[^AfUr apau/l 
Pix'd in aftonifhraent, I gaze upon thee 5 
PLike one juft blafted by a ftroke from heaven, 
'Who pants for breath, and ftifFens, yet alive. 
In dreadful looks : a monument of wrath I 
At length I Ve afted my fevereft part i 

J kd th^ woman breaking in upon me. 


.7 / C •: A T O. 301 . 

And mdt about BU heart! my tears will' flow. 
aotdw I*lldiiBknomore! the hand of fata 
fitf mm diae fipom me, and I muft forget tliee. 

Haid-hearted* cmd maid I 


Ohy flop thofe rotmd<» 
J)tpSfkSMSngiiavod9\ Whydoft thou frown upon mef 
My Uood nma cold» my heart fbrgeu to heave^ 
And life itielf goes out at thy difpleafure. 
The foda ioMd na to indulge our lovea. 
But* ^*l I cannot bear thy Jbate, apd live ! 

Talk aieit «f ktwt, thou never knew*ft its force. 
I *yn been ddbded^ led inti^ a dream 
or fencicd'Uifii. O Lucia* cruel maid 1 
Tby dnadfbl Vow, leaden with death, till (bonds 
In my ftumi*d ears. What ihall I fay or do ? 
Qgicky'lct na pait.l perdition 's in thy prefence. 
And horror dwells about thee !— Ah, fhe faints 1 
Wretch that I am ! what has my raflinefs done I 
Lucia, thou injured innocence I thou beft 
And lovelieft of thy fex I awake, my Lucia, 
Or Portiua mihes on his fword to join thee. 
—Her imprecations reach not to the tomb. 
They (but not out fociety in death.— 
But, ah I ibe moves ! life wanders up and down 
Through all her face, and lights up every charm. 

O Portiiu^ wM tbia mil l«^to ftown on bar 

/ -> .;. That 


That lives upon thy fmiles ! to call in doubt 
The faith of one expiring at thy feet. 
That loves thee more than ever woman lov^d I 
•*— What do I fay ? My half-recover'd fenfe 
Forgets the vow in which my foul is bound* 
Deftruftion (lands betwixt us ! we muft part. 
"Name not the word, my 'frighted thoughts nm'bad^ 
Jind Castle into madnefs at the found. 
What would 'ft thou have me do ? Con&dtr well 
The train of ills our love would draw bdiind.k* 
Think 9 Fortius, think, thou fceft thy dying brother 
''!Stabb''d at his heart, and all befmearM with bloody 
^'Storming at heaven and thee.1 thy awfuJ fire 
'*8temly demands thexaufe^ th* accurfedicaufey 
That rob« him of his fon ! poor Marcia trembles. 
Then tears her hair, and, frantic in her griefs, 
^tCalls out on Jjucia ! What could Lucia anfwer*? 
Or how ftand up in fuch a fcene d£ forrow f 
To my confufion and eternal grief, 
^ muft approve the fentence that deftroys me. 
The mift that hung about my mind clears up^ 
And now, athwatt the tep^ors that thy tow 
^s planted round thee, thou appear'ft more faii;, 
More amiabie, and rifeft in thy charms. 
lA>velieft of women 1 heaven is in thy foul. 
Beauty and virtue fhinefor ever round thee, 
S^ightenisg each other} •thou art all divine 1 

5 i,C«aA« 

CAT O. . 30J 

a, u c I A. 

^nitit 1 ikf words frootliiroiigh my heirl^ 
t my reibhret, aad turntme all to love, 
r are thoft. tean of fcmdaefii in thy ejet ? 
rheayetthy heart? Why fweUsd^foai with (am>wf . 
ftens me too much.— Farewell> my Fortius ; 
■dl» dumgfa death 4t in -the wordi for-everl 

wf, I^«cia» ihfl What doft thou fay ? For-ero^ 

vn I not Avorn ? lf» Portias, thy fuccefs 
i Amqw dq^Vco^a-on his fate, farewell* 
hovr full Iiepeat the word-^ for-everl 

has o*cr 43m dydog lamp th* -unfteady flame 
gs qwvering on a pdnt, leaps off "by fits, 
falls again, as loth to quit its hold, 
hou muft not go, ray foul fUll hovers o^er the^ 
. canH git loofe. * 

If the firm Fortius (hs\)ce 
liear of parting, think what Lucia fuffers 1 

ris true 3 unruffled and ferene I Ve met 
i common accidents of life but here : 
b an unlook*d-'for ftorm of ills falls on me, 
eats down all my ftrength. I cannot bear it* 
nroft not part* 

What doft thou fay? Not pact? 
llkm forgot the vow that I have made ? 



Are there not heavens and gods and thunder o>r ust 
•—JBut fee thy brother Marcus bends this way I 
I ficken at the iight. Once more, farewell ; 
Farewell, and know thou wrong'ft mo, if ibou think^ft 
Eter was love> or «ver grief, like mine. ^Exit* 

Enter MARCUS. 

l^ortius, what hopes ? How ftands (he ? Ami doom'*^ 
To life, or death ? 

P O R T I US. 

What would*ft thop, have neiky f 
What means this peniive pofhire ? Thou appear'ft 
Like one amaz'd and terrifyM. 

P O R T I U S. 

I 've reafon. 
Thy down-caft looks, and thy diforderM tfiouglits. 
Tell me my fate. I aik not the fuccefs 
My cauTe ^as found. 

P O R T I U S. 

I 'm griev'd I undertook it. 
What? Docs the barbarous maid infult my heartt 
My achii^^ heart ! and triumph in my pains ? 
That Icould caft her from my thoughts for ever ! . 

Away I you 'le Xqq fufpicigus m your griefs ; 

T O* 

l^iichf though fwom never to think of Jove, 
CompafHo nates your pains , snd pittes you. 
Compafljonates my pains* Jind pities me ! 
What h compaflion when 'tis void of love I 
Fool that I vpas to cboofe fo cold a friend 
Xo urge my caufc I compaflfionates my pains f * 
Pr'ytbee, what artj what rhetoric fc, dldil thou ufc 


To gain t!iis mighty ' 

To one that a/ks the - 

CompafHon 's cnielty, 


Marcus, no more! 


What have 1 faid ! 

A foul exafperated In 

With every thing j its 

? She pities me I 

c turns of love, 
icnrn, ^tis deuth-^ 
r I u s< 
I defeiTf^d this treatment ? 

-u s, 
*"B, O forgive me \ 


itfdf— Buthal 

What means that (hout, big with the founds of war I 
What new alaiin f 

A fecond, louder yet, 
Swdlt in the winds^ and comes more full upon us. 
Oh, for ibme glorious caufe to fall in battle I 
Lucia, thou haft undone me ! thy difdain 
Hat brt^Ice my heart ; 'tis death muft give me eafe. 
Quick, let u!i hence j who knows if Cato^s life 
Stand fure ? O Marcus, I am wtinn'd, my heart 
itaps aithc tnimpet'* voIcc,and bums for glory, [^a-^v;;/. 
X Entfr 


Enter SEMPRONIUS, nvUh the Leaders of 
the LIuth.y. 
S E M P 11 Q N I U S. 
At length the winds are raisM, th? ftorm blows high. 
Be it your care, my friends, to kpep it up 
In its full fury, and dire6l it right, 
7'ill it has fpent itfclf on Cato's head. 
Mean while I 'II herd amon^ his friends, and ieem 
One of the number, that, \vhateV arrive, 
My friends and fellow-foldiers may be fMe- 
We all arc fafe, Senipronius is our friend. 
Sempronius is as brave ^ man as Cato. 
But hark I he enters. Bear up boldly to him ; 
Be fure you beat him down, and hind him f^ft; 
This day will end our toils, and giv? us reft j 
Kear nothing} for Sempronius is our friend* 


Whei^ are thcfe bold intrepid fops of war. 
That greatly turn their backs upon the foe. 
And to their general fend a brave defiance ? 
Curfe on their daftard fouls, they (land aHonifiiM! 

Perfidious meni and will you thus diflionoyr 
Vour paft exploits, and fully all yoxu* wars ? 


C A ^ 0/ 507 

I you confef^ "'twas not a ical for l^met 
Nor loTC of Ubt^rt)', nt>r tliirtl oif honour. 
Drew you thvȣ f^r 9 but hopes to Jliare the (poti 
Of con q tier' d town^j ami plundtrr'd pixrv'incM f 
Fir^'d "vritb fuch ujotivi^s you do \v^\\ to fmit 
With Cuto's foeS} aiMl follow Cicl^^r^s banMrti. 
Why did I Ycape th' in venom' d afpic*s rage. 
And all the fiery monfter* of the def^t^ 
To fee this day ? Wh - oukl not Cato fdl 
Without your guijlf Id, ungrRtcrfy] i]it% ^1^ 

Behold my bofom nal 1 yoiir iwoi'dfip 

And Ut the man that jur'd ibikc the hlow< 
Which of you all t'ul - th it he is wronged , 
Or thinks he iWers g h than Cato ? 

Am I diftingtiiiii'd fr hut by toiJs, 1 

Superior toils, anti h jht of 1 , 

PPainfiil pre* eminence 

By heaven a, they droop! 
Confufioa to the viUalns I uU h loft. 14/^*^^* 

C A T O. 
Have yCn forgotten Libya's burning wafte. 
Its barren rocks, parch 'd earth, and hills of fand. 
Its tainted air, and all Irs brooda of poifon ? 
Who wast the firft C* explore tV untrodden path. 
When IVfc was hazarded in every ftep ? 
Ofj fainting in the l^ng laborious march, 
W^hen on the bank* of an unlook'd-for ftream 
You funk the river with repeated dratights, 
Who was the Jait in all your hoft thaf thirfted ? 

'X % ►/ 8EMPRONIUS. 



If fome penurious fource by chance appearM 
Scanty of waters, when you fcoop'd it dry. 
And oficr^d the full heknet up to Cato, 
Did not he dafli tfa* untafted moifture from hhn ? 
Did not he lead you through die mid-day fun. 
And clouds of duft f Did not hit temples glow 
In the iame fultry winds, and fcorching heats f 

Hence^ worthlefs men ! hence ! and complain to Cie&r 
You could not undergo the toils of war. 
Nor bear the hardfliips that your leader bore. 

See, Cato, fee tihi* unhappy men I they weep I 
Fear and remorfe, and forrow for their crime. 
Appear in every look, and plead for mercy. 

Learn to be honeft men $ give up yoor leaders^ 
And pardon fhall defcend on all the reft. 

Cato, commit thefe wretches -to my care. 
Firft let them each be broken on the rack. 
Then, with what life remains, impal'd, and left 
To writhe at leifure round the bloody ftake. 
There let them hang, and taint the fouthem wind. 
The partners of their crime will learn obedience^ 
When they look up and fee their fellow-traitors 
Stuck on a foxk| and blackening in the fun. 


C A T O* ^09 

Scmpramqti wiiy, why wilt thoa ni^ the fate 
Of wretched mrn ? 

How I wovild'ft thou dear rebellion' 
Lnchit (good man) pities the poor ofiendert 
That wwdd imbrue their hands in Cato's blood* 
Forbear, Sempronius 1— See theyVuffer death. 
But in their deadis remember they are men. 
Strain not the laws to make their tortures grievous. 
Lucius, the bafe degenerate age requires 
Scfnitj and juftice in its rigour $ 
This awes an impious, bold, offending world, 
Gxmmands obedience, and gives force to laws. 
When bj juft vengeance guilty mortals perifh. 
The gods behold their punifhment with pleafure. 
And lay th* uplifted thunder-bolt afide. 
Cato, I execute thy will with pleafure. 

Mean- while we '11 facrifice to liberty. 
Remember, O my friends, the laws, the rights. 
The generous plan of power delivered down, 
From age to age, by your renownM forefathers, 
(So dearly bought, the price of fo much blood) 
O let it never periih in your hands I 
But pioufly tranfmit it to your children. 
Do thou, great Liberty, infpire our fouls, 

X 3 And 


And make our lives in tliy poffefllon happy, ^ 

Or our deaths glorious in thy juA defence. 

[Exeunt Cato, &Cm 




Sem^onius, you have a6led like yourfelf. 
One would have thought you had been half in eameft*. 

Villain, ftandofFi bafe groveling worthlefs wretches. 
Mongrels in faftion, poor faint-hearted traitors ! 

Nay, now you carry it too far, Sempronius : 
Throw off the mafk, there are none hen but friends- 

Know, villains, when fuch paltcy Haves preiumc 
To mix in treafon, if the plot i'ucceeds. 
They 're thrown neglefted by : but if it fails. 
They *re fure to die like dogs, as you (hall do. 
Here, take thefe factious monflers, drag them fortb. 
To fudden death. 

Entn- GUARDS. 

Nay, fince it comes to this—* 
Dtfpatch them quick ; but firft pluck out their tongues> 
Left with their dying breath they fow fedition. 

[^Exeunt Guards *wiib the Leaders. 
5 Enter 

t A r o. 


. Eatir SYPHAX. 

8 y p n A x« 

Our firft dtfifii) ntj friend^ has prot'd abortrre $ 
Still there remains an afur-game to play : 
My troops are mounted i their Numidian deeds 
Snuff up the wind, and long to icower the defart : 
Let but Sempronius head us in our flight. 
We 'II force the gate where Maicus keeps his guard. 
And hew down all that wo.uld oppofe our paiTage, 
A day will bring us into Csfar's camp. 
Conftifion ! I hate faird of half my purpofe. 
Marcia, th0 charming Marda 's left behind ! 
^How 1 will Sempronius turn a woman's flave ! 

Think not thy friend can ever feel the foft 
Unmanly warmth, and tendernefs of love.. . 
Syphax, I long to chfp that haughty niuid. 
And bend her ftubborn virtue to my palTion ; 
When I have gone thus far, I 'd caft her off. 
Well faid ! that 's fpoken like thyfelf, Sempronius. 
What hinders then, but that thou find her out, 
And hurry her away by manly force ? 
But how to gain admiHion ? For accefs 
Is given to none but JuHa, and her brothers. 

X + s Y P II A x. 


S Y P H A X, 

Thou (halt have Juba^s drefs, and Juba'^s guards t 
The doors will open> when Numidia't Prince 
Seems to appear before the flayes that watch dievu 

Heavens> what a thongjit is there 1 Marcia *s my own I 
How will my bofom fwell with anxious joy. 
When I behold her ftrnggling in my arms. 
With glowing beauty, and diforderM charms^ 
While fear and anger, with alternate grace. 
Pant in her bread, and yary in her face 1 
So Pluto, feizM of Proferpine, conveyM 
To heirs tremendous gloom th* affirighted maid, 
There grimly fmird, pleasM with the beauteous prizes 
l^or cnvy*d Jove his fun-fiiine and his ikies. 



€ A T 0# 313 

A C T IV. S C E N E I. 

. LV CIA ami MARCl A. 



NOW tdl me, Maj^cla, tell me from thy foul j 
If dKra believ^ft it poilible for woman 
To taSee gnata ills than Lucia fuffers ? 
M A R C I A. 

huoMf Lucia, might my big fwoln heart 
Vent all its griefs* and give a loofe to forrow : 
Blarcia conld anlWer thee in fighs, keep pace 
ynA, aU thy woes, and count out tear for tear. 


1 know ihou^rt doomM alike to be belovM 
By Juba, and thy father^s friend Sempronius ; 

But which of thefe has power to charm likePoitius ! 

Still muft I beg thee not to name Sempronius ? 
Lucia, I like not that loud boifterous man : 
Juba to all the bravery of a heroe. 
Adds fofteft love, and more than female fweetnefs j 
Juba might make the proudeft of our fex. 
Any of woman-kind, but Marcia, happy. 


And why not Marcia ? come, you ftrive in vain 
To hide your thoughts from one, who knows too well 
The inward glowings of a heart in love, 



M A R C I A. 

While Cato lives, his daughter has no right 
To love or hate^ but as his choice directs. 

But ihould this father give you to Sempronius ? 
M A R CI A. 

T dare not think he will ; btrt if he fhould— 
Why wilt thoti add to all the griefs I fuffer 
Imaginaiy ills, ^md faircy'd tortures ? 
I hear the found of feet ! they march this v^ay I 
Let us retire, and try if we can drown 
Each fofter thought in fenfe of pnfent danger. 
When love once }^eads admi^don to our hearts 
(In fpight of all the virtue we can boaft) 
The woman that deiiborates is loft. [Exeunt, 

Enter SEMPRONIUS, drefid Uke JUBA, with 
Numidian guards, 

The deer is lodg'd, I Ve tracked her to her covert. 
Be fure you mind the word ; and when I give it, 
Rufh in at once, and fei^e upon your prey. 
Let not her crres or fears have force to move you. 
—How will the young Numidian rave, to fee 
His miftrefs loft I If aught could glad my foul 
Beyon^th' enjoyment of fo bright a prize, 
^Twoiuld be to tormt thaf young, gay, barbarian. 
— But Karky wfaa« iioiler death to my hopes I *t!8 he, 
'Tis Juba's felf 1 tftt«» i# l>«f otte wtry lefit'^M^ 

^. . - He 


& nuft be ■mder'd, and a paflage cut 

Through thoA hit guards.— Ha, daftanb, do yoa 

tremble 1 
Of aft like men, or hj year asure heaven*^ 

EmerJVBA. ' 

What do I fee? who*8 this that dares ufurp 
The guards and habits of ^umidia's prince ? 
One that was bom to fcourge thy arrogance^ 
Frefumptuous youth 1 

J U B A. 
What can this mean ? Scmpronius ! 
S £ MP RON I U S. 
My Iword ihall anfwer thee. Have at thy heart. 

J U B A* 
Nay, then beware thy own, proud, barbarous mnn I 
ISemt, falls. His Guards furrender, 
Curfe on my ftars ! am I then doom'd to fall 
By a boy's hand ? disfigured in a vile 
Numidian drefs, and for a worth lefs woman ? 
Gods, I 'm diflra^led ! this my clofe of life ! 
O for a peal of thunder, that would make 
Earth, fea, and air, and heaven, and Cato tremble f 

JU B A» 
With what a fpring his furious foul broke loofe. 
And lift the limbs ftiil quivering on the ground I 



Hence let us carry off thofe (laves to Cato, 
That we may there at length unravel all 
This dark defign^ this myftery of fate. 

lExit JuBA, iviib fri/oners, &c. 

Enter LUCIA and MARCIA. 

LUCi A. 

Sure *twa8 the clafli of fwords ; my troubled heart 
Is fo caft down, and funk amidft its forrows. 
It throbs with fear, and akes at every found. 

Marcia, ihould thy brothers for my fake l-« 

1 die away with horror at the thought. 

See, Lucia, fee! here's blood! here's blood and 
murder ! 
Ha ! a Numidian ! heavens preferve the prince ! 
The face lies muflBed up within the garment. 
But ha ! death to my fight ! a diadem. 
And purple robes 1 O gods ! 'tis he, 'tis he, 
Juba, the lovelieft youth that ever warm'd 
A virgin's heart, Juba lies dead before us ! 
Now, Marcia, now call up to thy afliftance 
Thy wonted ftrength, and conftancy of mind j 
Thou canft not put it to a greater trial. 
Lucia, look there, and wonder at my patience. 
Have I not caufe to rave, and beat my breaft. 
To rend my heart with grief, and run diftra6led 1 


C A T O. 317 

Wlnt can I diink or fay, to give thee comfort ? 

Talk not of comfort, 'tis for lighter ills : 
Behold a fight, that ftrikes all comfort deadU 

EntiT J U B A, liftenmg. 

I will indnlge my iorrows, and give way 
To all tiie pangs and fury of defpair. 
That man, diat beft of men, deferv'd it from me. 
J U B A. 
'What do I hear ? and was the falfe Sempronius 
That beft of men ? 'O, had I falPn lijke him, 
Aad could have that been mourn'd, I had been happy \ 
LUC I A. - 
Bere win I ftand, companion in thy woes. 
And help thee with my tears ; when I behold 
A lofs like thine, I half forget my own. 
'Tis not in fate to cafe my tortur'd breaft* 
This empty world, to me a joylefs defert. 
Has nothing left to make poor Marcia happy. 
JU B A. 
I *m on the rack t was he (b near her heart ? 

Oh, he was all made up of love and charms. 
Whatever maid could wiih, or man admire ; 
Delight of every eye I when he appear^, 
A ftdvt plcafure gladdened all that iaw him s 



But when he talkM, the proudeft Roman bluih'd 
To hear his virtues, and old age grew wife. 
J U B A, 

J fhall run naa d 


O Jubal Juba! Juba! 
J U B A. 
What means that voice ? did ihe not call on Jnbftf 

M A R C I A. 
Why do I think on what he was \ he ^s dead I 
He ''s deady and never knew how much I lov^d him. 
. Lucia, who knows but his pook* bleeding heart 
Amidft its agonies, reroemfber'd Mancia, 
And the laft words he utter*d callM me crael ! 
Alas t he knew ttot, haplefs youth ! he knew not * 
Maicia^s wbple ibul vras full of love and JUni i 
Where am II do I livel or aAi inlSeed 
What Marcia thinks ! All ia Elyfium round me i 
M A RC I A. 
Ye dear remains of the moft lov'd of ihen, ' 
Uor fbodefty nor -virtue here forbid 
A laft embrace, while thus— — 

See, Marcia, fte^ 
The happy Juba lives ! he lives to eatch 
That dear embrace, and to return it too 
^ith mutual wanndi and eagemefs of love. 


, . C A T O. 319 

Af A R C I A. 
With pleafun and amaze^ I fland traofported t 
Sun ^tis a dream I dead and alive at once t 
If thou art Jubaj who lies there ? 

J UB A. 

A wretch, 
Diiguis*d like Juba on a curs'd defign. 
The tale ih long, nor have I heard it out. 
Thy fadier knows it all. I could not bear 
To leave thee in the neighbourhood of death. 
But flew, in all the hafle of love, to find thee. 
I found thee weeping^' andconfefi tbil once. 
Am wrapt with joy i» iee my Maicia^s tears. 
M AR C I A. 
I *ve been fiupdi'd in an unguarded hour. 
But muft not maw go back ; the love, that lay 
Half-imoth^^d to my fareaft, has broke through all 
Its weak reftraints, and bums in its full luftrej 
I cannot, if I would, conceal it from thee. 
I ^m loft in extafy 1 and doft thou love. 
Thou claming maid ? 


Asid doft thou live to aik it * 

This, this is life indeed ! life worth prefcrving I 
Such life aa Juba never felt till now 1 
M A R C I A. 
Believe me, prince, before . tlioughf thee dead, 
I did not know my felf how much I lov'd thee* 

J 17 B A» 


Q fortunate miftake I 


O happy Marcia I 
My joy I my beft belovM ! my only wi(h t 
How ihall I fpeak the tranfport of my foul ! 

Lucia, thy arm I oh let me reft upon it I — 

The vital blood, that had forfook my hearty 
Returns again in fuch tumultuous tides. 
It quite oVcomes me. Lead to my apartment* 
O prince I I blufh to think what I have faid. 
But fate has wrefted the confeffion from me s' 
Go on, and protper in the paths of iumour. 
Thy virtue will ezcufe my paffion for theet 
And make the gods propitious to our love* 

[Ex. Marc, and Luc. 
J U BA. 
I am fo blefsM, I fear ^tis all a dream. 
Fortune, thou now haft made amends for all 
Thy paft unkindnefs. I abfolve my ftars. 
What though Numidia add her conquerM towns 
And provinces to fwell the vigor's triumph ? 
Juba will never at his fate repine. 
Let Csefiu: have the worlds if Marcia *• mine. {£;viif* 

. ^ A T O. jit 

..■■■.' ' 

M auarcb at a MftaHce* 

7 ftand aftonifliM I wbat» the bold Sempronius 1 
That ftiU tmbke fomnoft throiigh the croud of patriots, 
■At Jwith a hurricane of zeal tranfported, 

And'TUtuous ev^n to madnefs 

C A T O. 

Truft tney Lucms, 
"Our cml diicordt hare produced fuch crimes, 
-Such monftroos crimet, I am furprizM at nothing, 
— -— O Lucius I am fick of this bad world ! 
The day-fi^ and the fun grow pain^ to me. 

.But fee «4iere Fortius comes ! what means this hafle ? 
Why are thy looks thus changed ? 

My heart is griev'd. 
I bring fuch news as will ajBli6l my father. 
-C A T O. 
Has Caeiar fhed more Roman blood ? 
P O RT I U S. 

Not Co, 
The traitor Syphax, as within the fquare 
HeezercizUhis troops, the fignal given, 
€lew o£r at once with his Numidian horfe 

Y T« 


To the fauth gate, where Marcus holds the watch. 
I faw, and call'd to ftop him, but in vain ; 
He tofsM Jiis arm aloft, and pro\idly told me. 
He would not flay and .perifli like Semprontus. 
C AT O. 
Perfidious fheti ! but hafte rtiy fon, and fee 
Thy brother Marcus afts. a Roman's part. 

—Lucius, the torrent bears too hard upon rae : 
Juftice gives way to force : the'conquer'd world 
Is Casfar's : Cato has no bufinefs in it. 
{h V CI US. 
While prMcjOppreffion, and injuftice reign. 
The world will ftill demand her Cato's prefence. 
In pity to mankind, fubmit to Cxfar, 
And reconcile, thy mighty jfoul to life. 
Would Lucius have me live to fwell the number 
Of Caefar's flaves, or by a bafe fubmiffion 
Give up the caufe of Home, and own a tyrant ? 
The vi6lor fteyer will impofe on Cato 
Ungenerous terms. His enemies confefs 
The virtues of humanity are Caefar's. 
Curfe on hh virtues 1 theyVe tmdone his country. 
Such popular humanity is ttreafon— 
But.fee young Juba ! the gdod youth appears 
JFull ^f the guilt of his^iMious fubje^ts. 


^C -A -T '^. in 


. EfiUr, JUBA. 

. J u B A. 
' I bldfliy and am confounded to aj^pear 
i Before thy prefeaee, Cato. 

.c AT O. 

What •» thy crime ? 
JUBA. .^ 

* Fin a Mnnidiaa. 

And a brave enetooy 
<Tho«i haftAJftoaMn'^i]]. 

,J UB A. 

Haft thou not heard 
^ Of mj falfe countiymen ? 


Alas ! young prince, 

• Falfehood and fraud (hoot up in every foil. 

The produ^l of all climes — ^Rome has its Cxfars. 
J UB A. 
*Ti8 generous thus to comfort the dilbrefsM. 

'Tis juft to give applaufe where 'tis deferv'd j 
Thy virtue, prince, ha» ftood tjie teft of fortune, 
.-i«ike poisft gold, tbat, tortur'd in the furnace, 

• Comes out more bright, and brings forth all its weight. 

Y 1 J UBA. 


J UB A. 
What (hall I airfwer thee ? my ravifliM heart 
O'erflowg with fecret joy : I M rather gain 
Thy praife, O Cato^ than Numidia^s empire. 


Misfortune on misfortune 1 grief on grief t 
My brother Mapcu o 

C A T 0. 

Ha ! what has he done? 
Has he forfook hit poft ? has he given way ? 
Did he look tamely on» and let them pafs ? 
"PO R T I U S, 
Scarce had I left my father> but I met him 
Borne on the fhields of his furviving foldiers^ 
fireathlefs and pale, and covered o^er with wounds. 
Long, at the head of his few faithful friends. 
He ftood the fliock of a whole hod of foes, 
Till,'6bftinately brave, and bent on death, 
Oppceft with multitudes, he greatly fell. 
I'm fatisfy'd. 


Nor did he fall before 
Hit fword had piercM through the &lfe heart of Syphaxt 
Yonder he lies. I faw the hoary traitor 
Grin in the ptngt of detth| and bite the |;round. 


C A T O* 315 

itodKgodtl my bo]r ^ <ioM hit duty*** 
Ibrtini, whfok I am dead, be fure thou place 
His vni near mine. 


Long may they keep^ aAmdcr ! 
O CMo» arm thy (bul with all its patience | 
See where die corpfe of thy dead foil approaches 1 
The dtitens and fenators^ alarmM^ 
Have gathered round it, and attend it weeing. 

CATO mietiftg th corpfi* 

C A T O. 

Welcome, my Ton I here lay him down, my fiienJi, 
Full in my light,, that I may view at leilure 
The bloody corfe, and count thofe glorious wounds. 
How beautiful is death, when earned by virtue I 
Who would not be that youth ? what pity is it 
That we can die but once to fcrvc our cotintry I 
Why fits this fadnefs on your brows, my friends f 
I (hould have bluihM if Cuto's houfe had iluud 
Secure, and fiouriOiM in a civil war.-^ 
Fortius, behold thy brother, and remember 
Thy life is not thy own when Rome demands it. 
J U B A. 

Was ever man like this I [ /IJJiii* 


Alas, my friends I 
Why moura ycu thus ? let not a private loi's 


Affli6l your hearts. ^Tit Rome requires our tears;. 
The miftreft of the world, the feat of empire. 
The nurfe of heroct, the delight of gods; 
Thftt h ambled the proud tyrants of the earth, - 
And fet the nations 6ree, Rome is no more. 
O liberty 1 O virtue 1 O my country I 
J U B A. 
Behold that upright man I Rome fills his eyes 
With tears, thal^owM not o'«r his own dead fon. I4fi^' ■ 
C A T O. 
Whatever the Roman virtue has fubdued, 
The fun's whole courie^ the <iay and year> are Caefar^s^ 
For him the felf-deroted Decii dy*d; 
The Fabii fell^ and the great Scipio's conquered : 
£v*n Pompey fought for Caefar. Oh, my friends I 
How ii the toil of fate, the work of ages, 
The Roman empire fallen I O curft ambition I 
Fairn into Cajfar's hands ! Our great fore-fathers 
Had left him nought to conquer but bis country. 
J U B A. 
While Cato lives, Caefar will bluA to fee 
Mankind enilavM, and be aiham'd of empire. 
Csefar afluunM I has not he feen Pharfalia I 

Cato» *tis time thou fave thyfclf and us. • 

Lofc not a thought on me. I 'm out of danger. 
Heaven frill not leave me in the vigor's hand. 


e A T O.^ St7 

CliArflfldlaQHrlcft I ^» coo^ucr^d Ci^ 

VnAvadmn^boai^z athouhuidtecretterroct 
Rile in my foul c how ihall I fave my fn^jMils } 
*Tis ]i09r« O C«i»r« X be^n to fe»r thde. 
Csiar hasmercyy if we aik it of lum. • 
C A T O. 

Tlien adb it, I onifiv^ you i Itt him kn^w 
Whate*er was done agaiuft him, Cato did it. 
Add, if ysa phraiby that I requeft it of himt 
Tiiat I myftlfy with tears/ requeft it of himt 
The virtue of n^ friends may paTs unpuniih'd. 
Jubat my heart is troubled for thy fake* 
Should I adnft thee to regain Numidiai 
Or ffltk the coo^uerer ? 

J u B a; 

Whilft I have lift, may heaven abandon Juba I 
Thy virtues, prince, if I forcfcc aright, 
Will one day make thee great 5 at Rome hereafter, 
•Twill be no crime to have been Gate's friend. 

Fortius, draw near I my fon, thou oft hatt feen 
Thy fire engagM in a corrupted ftate, 
Wreftliog with vice and fa£lion : now thou icvil me 
Spent, oveipower'd, defpairing of fucceis { . 
Let me advife thee to retreat betimes 
To thy paternal feat, the Sabine field, 
Where tbegrpat Ccnfor toiPd with his own hands, 

Y4 An«l 


And all our frugal anceftors were blefs'd 
In humble virtues, and a rural life. 
There live retir'd 5 pray for the peace of Rome ; 
Content th3rfelf to be obfcurely good. 
When vice prevails, and impious men bearfway^. 
The poft of honour is a private ftation. 

I hope, ray father <!oes not recommend 
A life to Fortius, that he fcoms himfelf. 
C AT O. 

Farewell, my friends ! if there be any of you* 
That dares not truft the viftor*s clemency. 
Know there are ihips prepared by my command,. 
(Their fails already opening to the winds) 
That /hall convey you to the wifh'd-for port. 
Is there aught elfe, my friends, I can do for you ? 
The conqueror draws near. Qnce more farewell ! 
If e'er we meet hereafter, we lliall meet 
In happlier climes and on a fafer fhore. 
Where Caefar never fliall approach us more. 
There the brave youth, with love- of virtue firM, 

[Pointing to the body of his deadfok. 
Who greatly in his country's caufe expir'd, 
Shati know he conquered. The firm patriot- there 
(Who made the welfare of mankind his care) 
Though ftill, by faction, vice, and fortune, croft. 
Shall find the generous labour was not loft. 



e^ A T (X )t^ 



iMag m M Omigktfi^f^hiri: Im bU bmrid PIato*s b$ok 
m tb£ MumrtsGi;^ •/ tbefouL A drawn jkvcrJ $m 

IT maft be fo— Plato, tlura reafon^ft well !— -— 
Ette ^dience this pleafing hope, thit fond defirei 
Thit loogiiig after inmiortalay ? 
Or ^riioice thit iecret dmd,- and inward horror,, 
Of faUing into jao^i^i Why fiirinks the fouL 
Back oa herfelf, and ftartles at deftniaion ? 
*Tls die divinity that ftirs within us | 
*Tit hHnren itfelf, that points out an hereafter,. 
And intioiates eternity to man. 
Eternity I thou pleafing, dreadful, thought I 
Through what variety of untry'd being. 
Through what new fcenes and changes muft we paft 1 
The wide, th* unbounded profpe£^, lies before me ) 
But fliadows, clouds, and darknefs, reft upon it. 
Here will I hold. If there *8 a power above us, 
(And that there is all nature cries aloud 
Through all her works) he muft delight in virtue ; 
And that which he delights in muft be happy. 
But when I or where !— This world was made for Cxfar* 
\ Sa weary of conjefiures— -This muft end them* 

[Lajing bis band upon bisfnvord' 


Thus am I doubly arm*d : my death and life, . 
My bane and antidote, are both before me ; 
This in a moment brings me to an end ; 
But this informs me I (hall never die. 
The foul, fecurM ii> her exigence, fmiles 
At the drawn dagger^ and defies its point. 
The ftars ihall fade away, the fun himfelf 
Grow dim with age, and nature (ink in years; . 
But thou (halt ilourifh in immortal youth, 
Unhurt amidft the war of elements, 
The wrecks of matter, and the craih of worhie. 

What means this heavinels that hangs upon ntf ' 
This lethargy that creeps through all my i«nfes f 
Nature opprefs'd, and karrafs'd ont with care. 
Sinks down to reft. This once I Ml favour her, • 
That my awakenM foul may take- her flight. 
Renewed in all her ftrength, and fi*efti vriA )aft, ■ 
An oflfering fit for heaven. Let guilt or fear 
Difturb man's reft : Cato knows neither of theni» -. 
Indifferent in his choice, te flcep or die. 


But ha ! how*s this, my fon ? why this intrufion ? 
Were not my orders that I would be private ? 
Why am I difobey'd ? 

P OR T lU S. 

Alas, my father I , 
What means this fword ? this iufirument of death ? 
Let me convey it henoe I 


• " ' O* A* T'^ Oi 33r' 


<Rilh ytradi» Ibi^enrl 
0^ lei the prayers» th* entreatiet of your friends^ 
Tkeip tMM, tkdr common dtngery' umA it from ]rau. . 

CA T O. 
Woaldft tiioRi betray me ? would^ft thoii giTe me up . 
AtUvey a captiTe» into Caefar't hands ? 
Rctiriy and learn obedience to a ^^thcr. 
Or ktlami young '9ian >.««—• • 

PO« TIU 8. 

Look not thus (hinily on me | . 
yba kbcMT I *d nther die than diibbey yon; 
C A T 0, 
^He^wdlJ-agaia I 'm mafter of myftlf . 
Hofw, Oefiur, let thy troops befet our gates^ .. 
AAd bur each aTenue^ thy gathering fleets 
O'er-fpread the (ea, and ftop up every port f , 
Cato fliall open to himfelf a pafTage,. 
And mock thy hopes--— 

PO RTI U 8. 

O Sir, forgive your fon, 
Whoie grief hangs heavy on him 1 O my father t 
How am { fure it is not the laft time 
I e*er (hall call you fo t Be not diiplfeas^dy 
be not angry with me whilil I weep, 
Andy in the anguifli of my heart, befeech you 
To quit the dicadfui purpofe of your foul. 
Thou baft been ever good and dutiful. 

[Em^raciMj bim. 


Weep not, my fon. All will be well again. 

The righteous gods, whom I have fought to pleafe^ 

Will fuccour Cato, and preferve his children. 


Your words give comfort to my drooping heart- 


Fortius, thou may'ft rely upoa my conduft. 
Thy father will not a£l what mifbecoraes him. 
But go, my fon,. and fee if aught be wanting. 
Among thy father's friends : fee them embarkM {: 
And tell me if the winds and feas befriend them. 
My foul is quite weigh'd down with care, and afks 
The foft refrefliment of a moment's deep, ' lEjfit^ 

My thoughts are more at eafe, my heart revives. 

Enter MAR CIA. 

O Marcia, O my fifter, ftil! there 's hope \ 
Our father will not caft away a life 
So needful to us all, and to his country* 
He is retir'd to reft, and feems to chcrifli 
Thoughts full of peace. He has difpatch'd me hence 
With orders, that befpeak a mind composed, 
And ftudious for the fafety of his friends. 
Marcia, take care that none difturb his (lumbers. \_ExH- 
O ye irahiortal powers, that guard the juft. 
Watch round his couch, and foften his repofe, 
Baniih his forrows, and becalm his foul 
With eafy dreams ; remember all his virtues ! 
And ihow mankind that goodnefs is }'our care. 



CATC. 333 

£/tf/r LUCIA. 

^Where it yotir fother^ Marcia, where is Cato.? 

M A R C I A. 
Lucia, ipeak low $ he it retired to reft. 
Lucia, I feel a gently-dawning hope 
Mi& in toy Ibul. We Ihall be happy fUIL 
Alas, I tremble when I think on Cato. 
In cfeiy ^r&ew, .in e?ery thought, I tremble:! 
Cato it ffern, and awful at a god ^ 
He knowt not how to wink at human frailty. 
Of pardon wakneft, that he never felt. 
Thongfa Aemiaftd awful to the foet of Rome, 
He it ail goodneft, Lucia, alwayt mild, 
Compaffionate, and gentle to hie friends. 
Filled with domeftic tendernefs, the beft. 
The kindeft-father ! I have ever found him 
Eafy and good, and bounteous to my wifhes. 
*Tit bis confent alone can make us blefs'd. 
Marcia, we both are equally involved 
In the lame intricate, perplexed, diftrefs. 
The cruel hand of fate, that has deftroy^d 
Thy brother Marcus, whom we both lament-* 
Aad^cfer fliall lament, -unhappy youth 1 



Has fet my foul at large, and now I (land 
Loofe of my vow. But who knows Cato's thoug] 
Who knows how yet. he may difpole of PortiiiSy 
'. Or how he has determined of thyfelf ? 
M A R C I A. 
Let him but live ! commit the refl to heaven. 

Eater LVCIVS. 
Sweet are the flumbers of the virtuouft mail I . 
"■■ O Marcia, I have feen thy godlike father: 
4 Some power invifible fupports his foul, 
/'And bears it up in aU its wonted greatnefs. 
. A kind refreshing fleep is fallen upon him : 
.» I faw him ftretch*d at eafe, his £ancy loft 
In pleaiing dreams ; as I drew near bis couch, 
/ He fmird, and cry'd, Caeiar, thou -caoft not hurt; 
M A R C I A. 
His mind ftill labours with fome^lreadful thoug 

Lucia, why all this grief, thefe floods of forrov 
Dry up thy tears, my child ; we all are fafe 
While Cato lives— his. prefeoce will prote6k us. 

Enter JUBA. 
JU B A. 
Lucius, the horfemen are returnM from viewing 
The number> ftrength, and pofture of our foes, 
.Who now cncaipp within a.ftxoit hour's march. 


it higk point of yon bright -wefl^crn tower 
en tbem fiom af:ir j the fctting fun 

on their ihbing amis aj\d burniih d hrl 
:overs nil tJie field with gbams of int» 

L U C J U S, 
re I a, ''tis time we (hould iwakt thy fi.tlicr. 

IS ftill difpos^d 10 glvt us ttfrmsj 
vaitB at diitance *tiU he hears Trom Cstto* 


s, thy lo<iks fpcak fotr 

t 6f importance. 

tidings dofl: thou brin; 

'ethink-s I f^c 

lal gladneft fparkling i 



I was hafting to the p< 

e nofW 

thex's friends, imp^itic 

^ paflag?. 

"c the lingering winds, 


Pompey's fon, who through the realms of Spain 

out for vengeance on his f^ther*$ death, 

'ouzc» the whcle nation up to arms. ' 

Cato at their hcad^ once more might Rofiae 

her rights, and daim her liberty. 

ark ! whlit mtan* that groan ? O gi\re me wtj, 

et mefly itttamyfathei^s prefence* 

L U C I U s, 
0, •«Biidfthi»ilumber8, thinks on Rome^ 
Q the wild diforder of his foul 
us o*er bis country } ha I a fecoBd groan {— • 


33^ AD D I SO N*S P O E M S. 

M A R C I A. 

Alas ! 'tis not the voice 
Of one who deeps ! 'tis agonizing pain, 
'Tis death is in that found— 



O fight of woe ! 
O Marcia, what we fear'd is come to pafs \ 
Cato is fall*n upon his Avord — 

O Fortius, 
Hide all the horrors of thy ijaournful tale. 
And let us guefs the reft. 


I \e raisM him up. 
And placM him in his chair, where, pale and faint, 
lie gafps for breath, and, as his life flows from him. 
Demands to fee his friends. His weeping fervants, 
Obfequious to his orders, bear him hither. 

[The back Sce?ie opens y and difcowers Cato* 
O heaven, afTift me in this dreadful hour 
To pay the laft fad duties to my father I 
J U B A. 
Thefe are thy triumphs, thy exploits, O Caefar! 

Now 18 Rome fairn indeed !— 

[Cato brought forward in bis cbair. 





C A T 0. 

Here fe «fown-» 
Bortius, come twar mc^^-are my frkfidt « k*d ? 

Can any thing be though? of for theit lemcc f 'ii 

Whilft I ytt Itvcj let mr not l!\'c in vain, 
'•— O Lucius, art tbou h^ro?—- TIkju art too good !— 
Ltt thk our friend ftiip Jive between our children i 
Miike Fortius happy i-^ thy dtiughtei' Lucia. " 

Alaa poor man, be wi us !— Marcia, my dau^hter^ 
^^O bend me fon'rard a love* thee^ Marcia* 

A Senator of Rome, it- j;%ome furviT'd* 

liter with a kin^. 

WouJd not have laatc 
But C*;far's arms hav 
Whoe^'er h brave and 
—'I 'm fick to death— 
From this viim worldj 
■^-And ytt niethink« t 
On my dep^irting TduI. 
I *Te been too bal^y. 

vn all diAiJidion | 
*« '-i Roman — 
f get looi« 
It And rom>w [^ 
breaks In 
AlaSj 1 Icaj" 
O ye powers, that fearch 

The heart of man^ and wdgh his inmaft though ti. 
If I have done am if^, impure it not ! — 
The bcA may err, but you are good, and-*-o | [DtfS. 
There fled the greateft foul that ever warm'd 
A Roman breaft. O Cato ! O my friend ! 
Thy will fhall be religioufly obferv'd. 
But lee HI bear this awful corpfe to Cxfar, 
And lay it in his fight, that it may (land 
A fesec betwi%t ms and the viflor's wrath ; 
Cit0> though dead, ihall iiill prote^ hit friends. 

Z Froi« 

Aud robs the guilty world of Cato's life. 

lExeunt On 


t tn 1 


WHAT <Kld fmtaffic tkings we women do ! 
Wlio would not llften when young 1 over* woo? 
But die n maid, yet have the choice of two \ 
Ladies are often cru«l to thtir coft i 
To gi^c you prntif themfcNes they punlfh moil, 
Vaws of virginity fhould well be weigh M ; 
Too ofr they're canccl'dj though in convents made. 
Would you revenge fuch ralh refolves— you may 
Be fpitcful— and believe the thing we fay, 
W^e hate yon when you^rc cafily hid nay, 
Howneedlefsy if you knew us, were your fears ! 
Let love have eyes, and beauty will have ears. 
Our hearts are form'd as you yourfelves would chufe. 
Too proud to a(k, too humble to refufe : 
We give to merit, and to wealth we fell : 
He (ighs with moft fuccefs that fettles well. 
The woes of wedlock with the joys we mix : 
•Tis^eft repenting in a coach and fix. 

Blame not our condu6l, fince we but purfuc 
Thofc lively leflbns we have learnt from you. 
Your breails no more the fire of beauty warms. 
But wicked wealth ufurps the power of charms. 

Z a ' What 



She is no goddefs that has nought to give. 
Oh, may once more the happy age appear. 
When words were artlefs, and the thoughts fince 
When gold and grandeur were unenvy'd things. 
And courts Icfs coveted tlian groves and fprings 
Love then fhall only mourn when truth complain; 
And conftancy feel tranfport in its chains : 
Sighs with fucccfs their own foft anguifh tell. 
And eyes fliall utter what the lips conceal : 
Virtue again to its bright ftation climb. 
And beauty fear no enemy but time i 
The fair fhall liften to defert alone. 
And every ^ucia find a Gate's fon. 



A D D I 8 O N*8 POEMS. 


Poem to Mr. Drydcn 5 

A Poem to hit Maj cfty— pitfe ntcd to the Rigbt Hon. 

Sir Joha Somtn, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal» 

1695. 7 

To the King 9 

Tnaflstion of all Vtjgil*e Fourth Gcorgic, except 

^ Story of Ariteut 1 7 

Song for St. Cecilia^t Day» at Oxford 31 

Account of the grcatcft Engli/h Poets. To Mr. Ilcni y 

Sacbeverell 34. 

Letter from Italy, to the Right Hon. Charles Loni 

Halifax, 1701 40 

Milton's Style imitated, in a Tranflation of a Story 

out of the Third iEncid 46 

The Campaign, a Poem, to his Grace the Duke of 

Marlborough 5 1 

Cowley*t Epitaph on himfclf eS 




Inauguratio Regis Gulielmi 69 

Honoratiifimo viro Carolo Montagu, armigero, 

fcaccarii cancellario, aerarii prsfe£lo> regi a 

fccretioribus confiliis, &c. 71 

Pax Gulielmi aufpiciis Europae reddita, 1697 72 
Barofkietri defcripfio 78 

Praelium inter Pygmseos et Grues commiffum' 81 
Refurreftio delineata ad altare Col. Magd. Ox. 80 
Sphserifterium 90 

Ad D. D. Hannesy infigniiCraum medicum & 

poetam 93 

Machinae gefficulantes ; Anglice, A Puppet- 

Sbow 95 

Ad inlignifTimum vfrum D. Tho. Buraettum, ' 

facrae theoriae telluris auclorem 98 


Horace, Book III. Ode If r. 100 

The Vefta!, from Ovid de Faftis, Lib. III. El. i. 


Ovid Metam. Book U. • 

The Story of Phaeton 106 

Phaeton's Sifters transfonned into Tree* 118 

The Transformation of Cycnus into a Swan 120 

The Story of Califto 122 

The Story of Coronis, and Birth of .^fculapius i?8 

Ocyrrhoe transformed to a Mare 132 

The Transformation of Battus to a Touch-ftone 



Tlw Swry of Aglitiro*, irflsftsfbrm^ into m 

Statue 1 15 

Europe's Rape i4« 
Ovid Memm. BcTok IIL 

The Story of Cadmus 144. 
The Trans formfltion of ASt^eon into a Stag 1 50 

The Birth of Bacchus 154. 

The Transformation of Tire fi as 157 

The Transformation of Echg i S 

>The Stoiy f N arc ill us 1 fi o 

The Story of Pentheus 165 

The M ari ners trans foriti ed to Dolphins 167 

The Dtath of Peiitheus 171 
Ovid Met. Book IV- 

Tht Story of Salmacis and Hermaphroditns 174. 

Notes on the foregoing Stories In Ovid's Me- 


On the Story of Phaeton 179 

On Europa's Rape 1B6 

On the Stories in the Third Book 

Fab. I. 187 

Fab. II. I9Z 

Fab. Ill, J93 

Fab. V. 194. 

Fab. VI, 196 

Fab. Vn. 198 

Fab. VIII. IX. i9« 

£fl*ay on Virgil's Georgics ftoo 

A Mis* 


Miscellaneous PoeiIs. 

To Sir Godfrey Knciler, on his Pijhire of the 

King ais 

Prologue to Smitb's Phaedra and Hippolitiit S15 

Prologue to Steele** Tender Huflnnd iai6 

Epilogue to Lanfdowne** Britiih Enchaaters 21S 

-An Ode for St. Cecilia's Day 21^ 

An Ode %%% 

An Hymn ai j 

An Ode 225 

An Hymn aay 

Paniphrafe on Plalm xxiiL 229 

The Play-houfe 230 

On the Lady Mancbefter 234 
Veries to the Author of the Tragedy of Cato asyf— 

»— — left with the Printer by an unknown hand 243 
— — upon Mr. Addifon^s Cato 245 

, on Cato, occafioned by Mr. Addifon^s Tra* 
gedy of that Name. By Mr. Copping 247 
Prologue by Mr. Pope 248 

Cato »5« 

Epilogue by Sir S. Garth 33 j 


/ > • 





O F T H K 

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*- Et cjujc marmor^o fcrt nn^ufiri fuU xquore poniui/" 

L ^ 

[ S ] 


TT hm be»Q the opinion of miny perfoni of grrtt 
^ fenfe and iMrntng, thu the Knowledge of % God, 
%l fpel) ai Ibme other felf-evident and uncooteihul no- 
titprnt it bora wkh uti and exifti antccedeoc to any 
paneiicion cr operapon of the mind. They e^tprcfi 
dmnfelvni on Kbit fubjeflt in metapliorical termiy aho- 
fail^r nobaGOiiiint philofopliical and judiciout enqui- 
ritt, wbil« they aflfert, that the knowledge of a God i» 
i mtnrbv en with our cooAitution, that it is writteni en- 
ginrctty ftampc, and tmprinred in clear and difcerniblD 
«htra£^«rs oo the heart ^ in which manner of fpccch 
ibey ^ffe& to foliow tiie g;reat orator jof the Rptnani. 

By thefe unartful phrafet they can mean nothing but 
thtt« that the propo6tiQn,'J*NER£ is aC^oo, is actually 
^aidcoc in tlic oiiod, as foon as the mind ha^ its be- 
ing; and ia not at firft acquired, though it may ho 
ffterwards confirmed, by any a6^ of rcafon, by any 
argument or demonftration. I mufl confefs my inabi* 
lity to conceive this inbred knowledge, thrfe oiigtnal 
indcfcndsot ideas, that owe not their being to the ope- 
l^ation of the underftanding, but arCi 1 know not how, 
coDgemte and co-eiillent with it. 

B X for 


For bow a man can be faid to have knowliedge be- 
fore he knows, how ideas can exift in the min^ with- 
out and before perception, I mud own is too difficult 
for me to comprehend. That a man is horn witk a 
faculty or capacity to know, though as yet witKout 
any a£hial knowledge ; and that, as the eye has a na- 
tive difpofition and aptitude to perceive the light, when 
fitly offered, though as yet it never exercifed any aft 
of vifion, and had no innate images in the womb ; f« 
the mind is endued with a power and faculty to know 
and perceive xhe truth of this propofition, Theue w a- 
God, as foon as it (hall be reprcfented to it; all this is 
clear and intelligible ; but- any thing more is, as I liav© 
faid, above my reach. In this opinion, which I had 
many years ago entertained, I was afterwards con- 
firmed by the famous autlior of tlic Elfay of Human 
Underftanding. Nor can 1 fee, that by this do6trin© 
the argument for the exiftence of a Deity, drawn from 
the general aiTent of all nations (excepting perhaps 
fome few, who are fo barbarous that they approach^ 
very near the condition of brute animals), is at all in- 
validated. For fuppofing there is no inbred know-' 
ledge of a God ; yet if mankind generally aflent to itj 
whether their belief proceeds from their reflcfHonon 
themfelves, or on the vifiblc creation alx)ut them, it 
will he certainly true, that the exiftence of a'Dcity car- 
ries with it the cleareft and nioft uncontrolable evi» 
tUnce ; fince mankind fo readily and fo univerfally per- 
ceive and embrace it. Jt deferves confideration^' 
tliat St. Faul upon tliis^ argument does not appeal to 



flic IW^liE widtiii> or to any char^^era of tlie Divine Be- 
ing otigmally etigriiveii on che he art, hut t1cdut:4:« ihc 
caufe from the c^tct, anci from the creation infeis the 
Creator, a 

Ft h very probable that thoft ^A?ho l>cliciT an itrnacc 
idea of a Divmu Betog, un produced by ^^y operatidn 
©t' tlic mir^dp were led by thin to another opinion, 
namely, that there never was iu the world a real Atheift 
in bdicf and i|iet:iilatieii, how m an v fotiver there m^v 
have ticen in life arid pra^ice* Bur, upon due txanii- 
nation^ thU opinioo, i imaginci will not alji4e tlie uii^ 
which I Jliall pndcavour to make evidsint. 

But, before I enter upon this futye^lrT it fcem? pi opt r 
to take notice of the spology^ which fcvcral pcrJonsi of 
great learning and can:lour hure made for many fambus 
meflf aad gT^2.i pbilofopher^t unjufily a ecu fed of 

Whoever fiiall fee alxjiati to mend the world, and re- 
form mco's notions, a 5 well as their manners, will cer- 
tainls^ be the mark of much icamlal nnd reproach ; and 
will effe£tuaily be convinced, that it is roo pcjlfiblc the 
j^aEefl lovers and benefactors of mankind may bt 
Tcpre fenced by the muliituik, whofe opinions tht-y 
«ootradi£t, as the worft of men* Tl^e hardy iTnder- 
takcrs, who esprefs their zeal to reftify the fcntttftcni*; 
<>fa pr^jtitliccd people in iTiatttrs of religion, who la- 
^ur to fiein the tide of popijlar error, Ind ftrike at 
the fouotlations of any ancient, cfi^blifhed fuperftltjonj 
muft themfclvctt cxpc<5l to ht: trcaW ^s "pragniatical anH 
thjolenc inoovaEOrs, diflun^^rs of U^l public peace, 
B J arid 


and the grctt enemies of religion. Tlic obfervation of 
all iges corfinns this truth ; and, if any man who is 
douUful of it would try the experiment^ I rtiake ii6 
queftion he will very foon be thoroughly convinced. 

It is no wonder, therefore, that Anaxagoras, thdttgli 
lie was the firft philofopher who plainly a(%n«d ail 
Eternal Mind by whofe power the world v/%s JdMtf fbl: 
oppofing the public worihip at Athensi whofe refined 
wits were plunged in the moft fenfelefs idolatryi aiWl 
particularly for denying the divinity of tlie San, fboold 
be copdepined for irreligion» and treafon againft the 
Gods; and be heavily fined and banifhed the city. 
It is no wonder, after fo (harp a perfecution of this 
zealous reformer, tliat Socrates, the next fuccei&r but 
one to Anaxagoras, and the lad of the Ionic fchiioU for 
dppofiog their fcandalous rabble of deities, and afiert^ 
ingone Divine Being, ihould be condemned for Athcxfisi, 
and put to death, by blind iuper^ition and inn^acable 

Some have l>ccn condemned by their antagonifts for 
impiety, wlio maintain pofitions, which tliofc from 
whom they dilfcnt imagine have a tcmicncy to tlic 
difbelicf of a Deity. But thi^ is a manifcit violation 
of jullicc, as well as candour, to impute to any man 
the remote confaiuences of his opinion, which lie him- 
fclf difclaims and detcfls, and who, if he faw the 
cgnocxiun of his principles with fuch conduiion^ 
vrottld readily renounce tliem. No man can be rea* 
ionibly charged with more opinions than he own»t 
and if ilrs juilice were obfcrved in polemical liifcourfcs. 

of Hieol» flt fldldfcfhyj jaamy iieifQiit b»d 

itar aiwry 4UitasiMitib hwre ^tboughc ifil to 4i upon 
idieBi* No otkc therefore it to be reputed an Acheill, 
w «o eaemy lo*feUgion» ppen the •ceottnc df m^ er« 
tooeoQt oprntoof from wfakh mother nay by a long 
tUn fH feqoels -draw that conclufion^ much Wfs kv 
luiUiqg any dodrines in philorophy» which the com- 
•noB people are not able to examine or ^ompctheiKi^' 
iKhio, frtien they meddle with ^pecttlatiom* of wKkil 
ihttf vc unqualified to judge, will be at apt -to -cen* 
fore A plUbfopharfor^ui Athoift, at an ^ftronomer kK 

1 would fain too in tint place miike fome apology 
for the ^at numbert of looTe and vicious mti^ who 
U^f^ ot teligtony and feem in their conyedation to 
^difdaim ^ belitff of a Dei^. 'I do net mean an apo« 
logy for their practice, but ;their opinion. I hope 
thefe unhappy perfonsi at Itraft the greatefl part, who 
4iave given up the reins to theh* palTions and exorbitanc 
appetites, are, rather than Athcids, a carelefs and (lu- 
■pid fort of creatures, who, either out of a fupine tem- 
per, or for fear of being diilurbccl with r-emorfcin their 
Ainwarraotable eirjoyments, never foburly coniidcr with 
therofclves, or exercifc their reafon on things of the 
higheft importance. Thefe pcrfons never examine the 
arguments that enforce tl^ belief of a Deity, and the 
obligacions of religion : but take the word of their in« 
genious>friends, or fome atheidical pretender to philo- 
{ofhy, who alTurcs them there is no God, and thcrc- 
B 4 fuic 


i.of dMiiclcft oft God. 1 do noi iffirm, thnc 
idet of A God implies the reUtion of a Crcatori 
JboCyfince in die deinonilration of tha axtftance of a God 
we ai^gue from the cHtfi to the caufoi and proeefd 
from^tlie contemplation of the creature to the know* 
ledge of the Creator, it it evident we cannot know tliere 
iaa God» but we rauft know him to be the Maker* 
iandy if the Maker* then the Governor and BcnefaAor of 
{be world. Could there be a God* who i*t entirrly 
regardlels of things without him, who i» perfc^Iy un- 
concealed with the dire£Bon and government oi tlie 
wofldy is altogether indiAereht uiietlier we woi/liip 
or affront himi and i& neirlicr plcaTed nor difpIcaCcd 
with any of our a^^ions i he would certainly to u« l>e 
the fame -as no God. The log in tlic fable would be 
dttg^her as venerable a Deity i fur if he hu no con- 
pem widi us, it it plain we have none with him t if 
we are noi fubje£l to any laws he \m made for us we 
can never be obedient or difobcdicnt* nor can we need 
forgivcnefs, or cxpc£l reward. If we are not the fub- 
Jeds-of his care and prote£lion, we can owe hitn no 
love or gratitude; if he either docs not hear or dif- 
regards our prayers, how impertinent is it to build 
temples, and to worfiiip at his altars I In my opinion, 
fuch notions of a Deity, which lay the axe to the root 
of 9l\ religion, and make all tlic cxjircdions of ii idle 
and lidiculous; which dcflioy the dirr.< .i<o'i of y^nixi 
and bad, all moraiicy of our a/Hoh',, i:.,ii remove all 
the grounds. and reafons of fear uf punilhm<rt, vuX 
hope of reward I will juflly denominate a :.. . an 



Adietfty though he ever fo mudi difclaims that igso* 
cmnions title. 

Tlialev tlie fonnder of the Ionic ichooT, and die 
fhilofiopliers who iocceeded hiniy AnaaaiDaodec, Ajiau> 
nienes Diogenet Apollienaces, Anaxagoras, and Ar- 
clicUufy are cenfured by Ariflocle as d'ffbelierers of a 
Deity % the reafon lie ^vc% is, that th^e philofupheny 
in treating of the principles of the world, never intiO' 
4ucc the Detcy as the efficient caufe. But if it be 
■confidcred, diet naturiA fctence was then in its infaiicpy 
and that thofe primitive philolbphers only undertook 
to account for the material principle out of wUck 
die world was made, which one aflerted to be water, 
one fire, another airj though this may prove diac 
d)ey fonned but a lame and unfinifhcd fcheme of phi- 
lofophy^ yet k does not evince, that they denied the 
■being of a God, or that they did not believe liim to 
be the efficient caufe of all diings. It is indeed a con- 
vincing; evidence that their philofophy was imperfefty 
.as at firft it migln well \k; but from their filcnce or 
omilTion of him in their fyftems, when tb.e^ dcfjgned 
•to treat only of the material catrfcs of doings, it is un- 
reafonable to affirm that they denied his 4x:ing -. and it 
is certain Anaxagoras taught, that, Ijcfidcs matter, it 
was abfolutely neccifary to a(lcrt a Di^'ine Mind, the 
tContriver and Maker of the world ; and for diis religi- 
ous principle, as was faid before, he was at Athens an 
ilUiftrioQt conf-iror- 

After die death of Socrates, the Ionic fchool was 
foon divided into various fc£ls and phiiofophicul par- 
ties: of die Cyrenaic fcbool, Theodoras ami Dion 



BtmSSheoltieSf i^ere irputed Atheith, cotittmners of the 
Godsy and dferidefs of religion. Yet (tnte it does hbt 
aj^petr, that tbfcy had formed anjr impious fcheme of 
{iliilofoph3r) or maintained their irrtligion by any pre* 
tetoded i>rmdp}es of reafcm, it i^ not lifnprobable th^ft 
Htliife men \v^re rather abandoned libertines, withotft 
'consideration and refleSUoo, than ^calative and philo- 
fophical Atheiils. 

Tlie Italit fchool, to its great dilhononr» was moit 
•fertile in impiety, and produced a greater number df 
thefc irreligious philofopliers. The mafler^y who fuc- 
-ceeded their famious founder Pythagoras, foon degene- 
rated from his rioble and pious principles, and not only 
xorruptecl the purity of his doftrine, Imt lietaine -down- 
right ifpoftates, renouncing the belief 6f a Gbd, imd 
■fubrcrting the foundations of religidb. Leuci|>pUS, 
Democritus, Diagoras, and Protjigoras, were Juftly 
reckoned in this rank ; who afTerted, that tlic world was 
made by the cafual combinarion of atoms, without any 
alllftance or dirc6lion of a Divine "Mind. They taught 
their followers this doftrine, fupportcd it with argu* 
xnents, and lb were Atheifts on pretended principles of 
reafon. But among all the ancient obdurate Atheifts^ 
'and inveterate enemies of religion, no one feems more 
iincere, or more implacable, than Epicurus. 

And though this perfon was perhaps of as dull an 
tinderdanding, of as unrefined thought, and as littte 
fagacity and penetration, as any man who was evet 
complimented With the name of a philofopher; yet feve-« 
ral great mxs, and men of diftinguiihed learning, in this 


.,» P R E F A<:'E TO 

lad age, have been plcafcd to give the world liigk «nco- 

iniums of his capacity and fuperior attainments. 

After a long night of ignorance had overfpread the 
face of Europe, many wife men, from a generous love 
of truth, refolvcd to cxercife their reafon, and free 
themfelves from prejudice, . and a fervile veneration of 
,great names, and prevailing authority } and, growing 
impatient of tyrannical impofttions, as well in philofo- 
.phy as religion, to their great honour, feparated both 
from the church of Rome, and the fchool of Ariftotle. 
Thefe patriots of the commonwealth of learning com- 
bined to reform the corruptions, and redrcfs the grie- 
vances, of philofophy ; to pull down the Peripatetic mo- 
narchy« and fet up a free and independent f^ate of fci- 
.cnce ; and, l)eing fully convinced of the weaknefs and 
unreafonablenefs of Ariftotle's fyflem, which confided 
chicBy of words without any determined meaning, and 
of idle metaphyfical definitions, of which many were 
falfe, and many unintelligible; they in this cafe had 
rccourfe to the Corpuicularian hypothefis, and revived 
the obfolcte and exploded fvftem of Epicurus. 

Many of thefe noble leaders, who Jiad declared 
againft the Peripatetic ufurpation, and alTerted the 
rights and liberties of human underflanding, called in 
this philofopher, for want of a better, to depofe Arif- 
totle. And though a j^eneral revolution did not fol- 
!]ow, vet ihe ^'-.f^tion from the prince of fcience, as 
he, once cii.^nie;. was very great. When thcfc 
firfi I foimeis of ArU'otle's frhcol had elpoufed the in- 
tcrcO oi £picuius> and introduced his doctrines, that 
4 . his 

lih hypotheiif might be ^£ceH£^tJ with the left oppofi-^ 
nartt they thou^bt it neceflary to remove the ignomini- 
0\js^ ch arable r of impiety, urrcttr ivhkh their philosopher 
had long lam» And it is indeed veiv natural for a man, 
who has emhraceU another*s notions and pfmciplcs, to 
}>chevc well of his mafTei j and to fland up in the de- 
fence of his reptiration, '1 he learned Gafk;idu$ Js 
eminent ahove all others for the warm zeal he had ex- 
prcfled, and tlic i^reat pains ht has taken, to vindicate 
tlic honour of EDicoruSi and dear Im chara^tr from 
the imputation of inc]ig:on. 

After the \inh3ppv face of Anaxagoras and the 
great Socrates, jt b no wonder that the philofophcrs^ 
who fucceeded, fhoak' grow more cautious in propa- 
gating their opinions, or fear of provoking the ma* 
^irtrate, and making tliemfchxs obnoxious to the laws- 
«f their country J and, if any had formed irreligious 
fdicmeSt it is to be fuppofed, they would take care to 
guard, as wdl a^ tluey coukl, a^ainfl tire puiiifliment 
to be infltfted on all wIlo denied the Gods, and tlLri- 
dcd the efUUUfbed worfhip. Anr Athcjft cannot he 
iiippofed to be fond of fufterinj^, wheti pain and death 
ace what he diitfiy abhors ; and therefore Epicurus^ 
who, if Cicero and Plutarch knew his opinion, wa^ a 
downrig^it prTofdTed ArhciH, h^ not in tcrmii denied^ 
but indeed alf^rrcd, the bcinj^ of the Gocis ; and fpcaks 
honourably of thcm^ fb far a^ regards the excellence 
of fhdr nature, and rhdr happinefs. But when ho 
delcribe» his Godii, and ^i^cs them a human face and 
Itmbs^ and fay a tbcy are neither incorporeal nor cor- 



poretl, but* a^ it were corporeal i wUIe he cscluUcf 
them from any h^ in making, or car^ in gui^i^ 
ajad goyerning, the wo^iMy and vndenahes to (l^w tVia| 
all tliingi were bcougkc about by mete pbaacf, yr\ilst: 
cue any help or <tire^ion of t)ie Gods, wbQ arf 4ltQ^ 
getlier unconcerned with human ai&irsy ai)d rfgltdlpla 
of our anions ; be muft laugh in himfelf, and be fup^- 
pofed to have formed thi^ ridiculous idea of a Pivio^ 
Being merely to tfcape the chara£ler of ap ipptous 
philofopher. For though he owns the name of a Qoda 
by his defci-iption he intirely deilroys the Divine Natufp. 
Nor do I think 9 that Ariftotle can be defended from 
the charge of Alheifm ; for while he affirmsi tha( tli« 
world as to its formation, as wejl as its progreilion aiu} 
duration, is independent on the Gods, ^nd owes no^ 
thing to their power, wifdomi or providence, he utterly 
fuhverts all pretence to religion and diviifc wof(bi[>» 
and comes at lafl into tlie dregs of the Spicurcaa 
icheme vthis, I believe, 1 have plainly proved in the 
following poem. 

As to the motlcrn Athcifts, Vjninus, Hobbes, and 
Spinoff ; I have fpoken of them in their turn, and ibail 
not anticipate what is faid hereafter. 

1 have l;ccn determined to employ fome of my leif^rc 
hours in writing on this fubje<a, by the melan.clK>lf 
reflection I have often made on the growth of piopbane* 
nefs, and the prevailing power of loofe and irreligiout 
principles in this nation. 

It i'j a mortifying confidcratioc to all who love man-. 

kind, and vvifh well to their country, that thii opinio^^ 

has of late years, abovv; the example of pad ages, 

5 fpicad 

BLAqUfOKK'^S CUKATION. rs W9if' ^ ivftocpce & &r tod wide» thac 
afiH^ m^ib/i&mA \ff At poi«er w4' niimber of itt- 
iftrwwi k V c oi ff i ii infeknc and fbnMiaGlt. Tbofe 
i^pioM auwMN^ whick afmriVparty in the lift age,. 
^I^beo ittfUiDcd wU& winCf vented in private, are navr 
At^dttartaiwBRit of tb^ ooffce-houfcf publicly pto-i 
IriMj and m m^ny coapanies fpokea of in cool bloody 
m tbo-orduMur^ Aifcie^ of convarftsioo. 

All agea bave brought forrh fome monften, fiune- 
infaffiira and patnmi of ineligioo ; monAers in re- 
^e& of tbair icac€encft» at well aa deformity ; but tba 
tfinBii**g; abundance of tbeib odions prodojkiont is« I 
Ipl^Bievi^ pcavliar to-tfait futile age. 1 inv ipt to thiaky 
^har noib wko were leckonad Atbtifta in former reigna 
wee ratber vnbitdkd libartinei^ tbao isreligious ia 
yf^fiple li bat now we art k> fas advaocad, thac the 
ipttOkn baa fined the mtodi the Atheift in- pra£Uce 
i$ become ooe in fpeculatton, and loofenefs of- maancrs 
gnprored to tntellef^ual impiety. 

Many (which is wid)out example)- exprefs an ardenc 
aeal for prophanencfsy are grown bigots in AthcifiTi,- 
and with great induftry and application projiagatc their 
principles^ form parties, and concert rocafures to carry 
on with- vigour the caufe of irreligion. They caicfs^. 
and are very fond of, thofe who boldly declare fur 
impu:ty, and mock all religion as cheat and impuf- 
turc. Thele are wics^ men of fenfe, of large and free, 
thoughts, and cannot fail of being men in falhion.- 
And as the renegades and defert^jrft of Heaven^ who- 
Tcnooace their God for the favour of men^ and cUuH^ 



to grow popular at the dcareft rate, arc by many pro^*. 
tefted and applauded j fo there are places where a man, 
that has the aflTarance to own the belief of a Deity and' 
a future ftate, would* he expofed and laughed out of 
countenance. Hence many are tempted to conceal 
their notions of religion, for fear of blading their re- 
putation, and of being negle£ied and defpifcd by^ 
thofe from whofe favour they cxpcft profit or pro- 

Immediately after the Reftoration, the people, in- 
toxicated with tlie pleafures of peace, and influenced' 
by the example cf a loofe court, as well as from their 
j;rcat averfion to ihc former fanatical ftriftncfs and 
feverity of convcrfation, which they detcftcd as hypo- 
crify, indulged themfelves in fenfual liberties, and by 
degrees funk deep into luxury and vice. Then it wa» 
that fomc irreligious men, taking advantage of this 
growing diirolution of manners, began to propagate* 
their deteAable notions, and fow the feeds of prophanc-* 
ncfs and impiety, which fprung up apace, and flourifli- 
cd in proportion to the growth of immorality. Thus 
vice and irreligion, mutually aflifting each other, ex- 
tended their power by daily encroachments; and ihe 
folid temper and firmncfs of mind, which the people 
ence poirefTcd, being flackencd and diflblved by the 
power of riot and forbidden pleafurc, their judgement 
foon became vitiated j which corruption of taftc has 
ever fince gradually increafed, as the confederate 
powers of vice and prophanenefs have fprcad their in- 
fe^ion, and gained upon religion. 



Willie To^ifc pHnd pies ami impmu* opsniiini per- 
vert ttic judgmcDt, I jTCiuIant humour thit iTitUi>cii 
men to give »n air of hvtty amd ritltcule to tU ibclr 
tJitcourfc^, *fid turn cver^"^ thing ivi minli *otl riillcrvi 
docsi in proportion gc^i ernuTid ; tUis Itcini; cQci^vt^cd tlic 
moll fucc^^ful wetliod to wtJikcti xht powtr )ixi4 lutin)' 
tjEy of religion iti tVc mind* of mtn, 

I wouUi 13 ot here be undci AkkkI ait If I oondaiinH 
tlic rju^lihcations of wtc 9iid plc^ftntryi hut onlv the 
mifjipl^licttion of ihem. 1 fhaU jilw4iy« truio a i^f^^^ 
V^lue for inircnk^us mcn> prtn^dcd they div riot aibufc 
ami pri>{tttiitc ihclr talents to rho worft pufpiifcn ; 1 
mcaa the denoting »Il ^^hricty of manner 5t, and turrt* 
irig ioto jcft the pnnci :* wMch eonflMUtc our duty 
hcrtr, and alTurc our hi sincfs licrcafttT. Bt*c can any 
who reveres a Go< 'oves hi$ coiitjiryi fi«u<l 

uncoiiccincd, while ;nd praphnne win IJitw 

much zeal and dilifji-MKe m |>iopei|raiin^ mjtims^ 

kU icvt^ (q di*e»5lly lo ihc diJhonour ol tJic one, «(vd 
tke ruin of the other ? 

Shoo Id Ailieifir* and corruption of iTianncrt, thnfc 
inftr^^aEahlc companionSr Miluch, as ctufe^ *ind cffe^s, 
tnutujilly introduce and fuppoit each oiliert pie vail 
much fanhcrj Ihould impioui notions in any a^e 
l;crcafEer generally infcCt the IngUtR, a^ well Jis tlic 
tnferior tankii of nrien j what confuHon of affairs nmft 
cnfue f It would he iropofTiblc to find men of princi^ 
ele ro fill the places of nufl and honour, or patron « 
iQ pimnoie them r iTicrit would in^piicittte and dif* 
<jualiJy for the fai^our of i^rcat n^cn? and a rclij^tuus 
C thaiiider 


chara6lcr would be an invincible obftru£tion to ad- 
vancement ; there would be no perfons of rank to en- 
courage men of worth, and bring negle6^cd virtue in- 
to fafhion. On the contrary, the contemners of hea- 
ven and deridcrs of piety would be careflcd, applaud- 
ed, and promoted; the difpofers of preferment would 
confer all on thofe who embrace their opinions : and 
what a terrible temptation would this be to our youth, 
to accommodate their notions to thofe of the men in 
power, when they (hall fee that tlicir favour is not 
otherwife to be procured ! 

Is it not highly probable that, in fuch an age, clubs 
and cabals would be formed of fcofFers and buffoons, 
to laugh religion out of countenance, and make the 
profeflbrs of it the obje£b of public fcorn and con- 
tempt ? 

Befides, it is natural to believe that Magiftratcs in a 
commonwealth, generally compofed of Atheifts, would 
likewife proceed to violence, and perfecute thofe whom 
they could not perfuade to embrace their notions, as 
much as any fd6l of religion has ever done. For it is 
not religion, but corrupted human nature, that puflies 
men on to compulfive methods of obliging their ad- 
verfaries to renounce their own, and afTcrt the opini- 
ons of men ia power. It is from the fa£lious temper 
of a party, not th^ fpirit of piety, it is from pride and 
an impatience of contradi£lion, or from luft of domi- 
nion, or a violent dcfire of engrofling the places of 
honour and profit, that men endeavour, by cruel and 
coercive methods, to filcnce their opponents, and fup- 


dof from what they have done, ts far as they 
ibilicf I we nay be aflured» when they do noc 
ptweTp they will never want a will to employ 
icc» 10 extbguiih the aottons of piety, and the 
il hercfy of icligton. It would not be flrange 
beiftical tefb in fuch a ftate of affair^ fliould be 
d and impofed, to keep men of dangerous prin- 

out of all pods of power and profit ; and all 
leliefcd the being of a God, and the rewards and 
imentt of another life, fhould be looked on as 
:£led to the government, and the difhirbers of the 
6 peace. 

d if fuch notions of impiety, and fuch a dege- 
i conftitution of manners, fiiould ever prevail in 
nhappy nation, any man without the gift of pro- 
, and, indeed, with a very moderate penetration, 
brefee» that the public wiU then be expoied to 
able ruin, 
t before the intereftt of virtue and religion are re« 

to (o deplorable a ftate, it is to be hoped this 



fcoffcr be as mucli out of credit, as a fober and rcli- 
jrious man is at prcfcnt : virtue, ferioufncfs, and a 
due reverence of facred and divine thinp;s, may revive 
amontr us; and it is the duty and intercft of every 
man that loves his country, and wifhes well to inan- 
Ivind, to make his utmoft efforts to bring about fuch 
a Iiappy revolution. This would tlie fooner ht efFcft- 
cH, if the virtuous part of ingenious men (for virtue 
has ftill a party) would not fupinely ftand by, and fee the 
honour and intcreft of religion expofcd and infulted i 
but, inftead of an abjcft, una6live defpondence, would 
unite their endeavours, with vigour and rcfolution, 
agiinft the common enemies of God and their coun- 
try. It is great pity, that in fo noble a caufe any 
ihould fliow fuch poornefs of fpirit, as to be aibamcd 
of alTcrting their religion, and Aemnung the tide of 
impiety, for fear of becoming the entertainment of 
fcoffing libertines. 

I know the gentlemen of Athciflical notions pretend 
to refined parts, and pafs tljcmfclvcs upon the world 
for wits of the firil rank -. yet in iic!;ate they clecline 
argument, and rather truft to the* dccifion of raillery, 
liut if it were poflible for thefe gentlemen lo apply 
thcmfelvcs in good carncfi to the rcalons ailcdged in • 
proof of a Divine Being, in a manner that becomes an 
enquiry of fuch confcqucnce, 1 fliould bcHeve their 
convidion were not to be defpaired of. 

But there is little appearance that they will be ever 
prevailed on to confider this matter with deliberate 
and unprejudiced tlu>«ght; and^ d^creforey I am not 



fii r^ngt;tne to lUink, tlut any ^r^umtnti I cun ^frifi^^ 
tiiQU|(ii avtx (0 cUh ancl d&niijnfli ative, ire Ukifly m 
mtk^ atiy iinpiclTiuri ^[4jn a VLtct^n Atltelftp I liivo 
n evert he kf* rbou^Hic it a Icafimalilt fervlcc to entka- 
Vour Cci iVap the cQiiEAgiiXir ami, ^% (av ak 1 itm alilc, to 
pr^rervc thofc wlin dru not yet itifc^Ttc^t, 

2nd »rguttiem, and noc klicfc ihac mmh ought to 
dcwrmmc in fg v/cighty a tdcj tJat they would not 
iJmit ofptincipks of the utmoft concern without t)£- 
imirmiura, aril] uke impi^^ty xxpon content ^ that 
tTicy wuulii appeal from the buflbon and the mocker, 
to the impartUl dccifidn cf nght rcafon^ and de!»iit& 
t]i\% matter with the gravity that becomes the impor- 
itn^ vi Elie fahjeft. 

Bur, fmce t!ic sjcrukmcn who own do ohUgadons of 
wligkm for ihc lule of bth:*viour, fct ^ip in iu flcad a 
fpUMOu^ principle, which they call honouri 4111] « 
grtritrtcf^ of mindp (hiit will not defccnd to a mtati 
er hafc ȣ)ion; tct tliein ti^flerft, whether that tciuip 
ati they uTc it, 11 nut an emjity found without any dc- 
icimijtcd meaning. If honovtr Uys a man under any 
oMigatioo to perform or ftjihc^ir any aitlon, tUcn, u is 
eiUltnt, honout h a law or rule, and the rranfgrcif- 
Aon i>E it itiitkes us guilty anfl obnoxlohs to puniftj- 
mcnt : and it' it be a law, it mull be tlic declaration of 
fome legiflator's will j for tliis is the definition of a law 
that regulates the manners of a moral anient. Now, L 
afk a man of honour, who denies religion, what, or 
whofe law he breaks^ if he deviates from what he i[na<^ 
C J giacs 

it PREF AC'l TO 

ginet a point of honour? It is plun there cm be no 
tranfgreflion^ where tbece it no lavri no irregiilAity^ 
when there h no nile ; not ctn t man do a bale er 
di (honourable thing, if he lies under no db!igatkmiD» 
the contrary. Honour, therefore^ abftra&d fhrni A6- 
notion of religion, which enjcnns it, is aa idle chime<> 
ra, which can have little power over atay mabr ibat 
does not believe a Divine Legiflator> whofe aiidu»ttjt 
mud enforce it^ 

It is the fame with fnendlhip and gradtude, ipdiidlF' 
are principles that the Atheift will often coniflMM;. 
But how is any man bound to be grateful, or t6 be it 
friend ? Should he a£( a contrary part, and be treiehfe-- 
reus and ungraceful, what guilt has he contmGted'^ 
Has he offended againfl any law ? or can he beeotrine- 
guilty, without the breach of any ? If you fay he baa 
broken any law, tell us the law, and by whom it 
was made. If the laws of the Supreme Being are fet- 
afide, we can lie under no regulation, but have an un» ^ 
bounded liberty over all our aftions i we may with-- 
out the lead fault or difhonour break our oaths, fub- 
Vicrt the government, betray our friends, aiTaflSnate 
our parents ; in fliort, commit all kinds of the moft 
deteftable crimes without rcmorfe 5 for> not bein^ 
controlcd by any obligation, we may do whatever 
our paffions or our intcrefts prompt us to, without 
being accountable to any tribunal for the leaft tranf^ 

If it be faici, we are obliged by the laws of our 
country i X aufwer, that as to the a£Uonfr we are fpeak-^ 



I Iflg^ of, fach as 1 man fif honour, a great ami gencf mu 
[vn1rk<T) a fmnd, a grateful pcrfon. ?* fuf>po(td to think 
)umf<:lf oliUgctl to, thcfc ar^ luch a? are not reLTuWeU 
by municipal laws^ and therefore in en arc at tibeity 
wHeiher ih:^y will a^ by what they call a priacipk ot 
honour or not, and can juftly incur no cenfure or rt- 
proadi, fhtJuM they have no regard ro that pom]K>tls 
and foumling word j for if their anions Mtt hot nid- 
raJly determined^ cither by human or divine laws, 
thiiv may vt^ry jullly, atid honourably too* a£l with 
UoUttiitcd fretidotn in thefe inatters, Bcfidcs, whocvrr 
believes himfclf free from the obligauons of (!h'itie pre- 
cepts, cannot look or hunfelf as boUJnd by any huniJio 
law&- He ni;ty inde< rom the apprehenfton of pu* 
mDiiiieTit^ forbear an acnoii tlm^ forbidden, and it is 
his iotcrcil (a to do : but, if he thinks no divine au- 
thority makci it hh duty to fuhntit to the magiftratc, 
»ad obey the laws of his country, he i^ ar libe^^y, n* 
to any guilt, whether he will obey or no. If he ven* 
turcs the punirtimcnt^ he tfcapes the fin. If an ALheifi: 
fwears ficehty to his prince, what controling powcc 
is he under, which affcfts the mind, not to betray him, 
if he think it fit and fafe to do it ? If lie lets his pa- 
rents, or his patron, or his friend perifh, what ini(|uity 
is he accountable for > 

The exiftence of a God has been already cicnred, 
and abundantly demonftrated, by maiiy pioui and learn- 
ed authors ; whence this attempt may be ccnfurcd as 
impenioent and unnecetfarv. IJut all thofc excellent 
peiformauces being writ in pioft^ and the greaceli; part 
C 4 in 


in tlie learned languages, or at leaft in a fcholadk: 
manner, are ill-accommodated to great numbers not of 
a learned education; and many who have more 
knowledge, and greater genius, will not undergo 
the troable of reading and confidering the ftrgu- 
inems cxprefTed in a manner to them obfcure, dry, and 
difagreeable. I have therefore formed a poem on thu 
great and important fubjed, that I might give it the 
advantages peculiar to poetry, and adapt it move to the 
general appreheniion and capacity of mankind. The 
hannony of numliers engages many to read and retain 
what they would negled if written in profe j and 1 
perfuade myfelf the Epicurean philofophy had not 
lived fo long, nor been fo much efberoed, had it not 
been kept alive and propagated by tlie famous poem of 

I have chofen to demonftrate the exigence of a God 
from the marks of wifdom, dciign, contrivance, and 
the choice of ends and means, which appear in the uni- 
▼erfe. Out of the vaiious arguments that evince the 
truth of this proportion, " There is a God,*' 1 have fc- 
le£ked this as the mod evident and intelligible. 

I may with reafon prefume, that I (hall not incur 
any cenfure for not employing new arguments to prove 
the being of a God ; none but what have been pro- 
duced before by many writers, even from the eldeft 
days of philofophy* Ic was nc\cr objected to Lucre- 
tius, that, in his applauded poem, he has not invented 
1 new fyflem of plulofc-phy, but only recited in poeti- 
cal numbers the ancient do6lrincs of Demociiius and 
Epicurus. Nor can it with reafon be fufpcfcd, that 
5 the 

the arguments bjf which he fupporrs thdr opinions 
were not long before id tlic fchools of Greece. Nor 
have modern writer? on ihis fubje£t invemct!* but pu:i- 
fucd the demonlVration of :i God, from rhe evid«n: np- 
ptarancc of coritrivanct anti wildom in the Tfifibk worldj 
which thtv have done with more ckarnefs and ftren^th, 
ttiJin thofc who w^fnt before them* And while cheCe 
have attempted Co eyincc the cxiflcnce of i God onl/ 
from chc coptemplaLion of corporeal natorCj I have 
earned the argvimcoc on to the a£lioiis of living, icn- 
fitive, anil inteltigent bdngs, lo far as we arc acquaint* 
td with them j Ijclitviag that brighter and more noble 
Jlmkes of wifdom an debgn appear jo the principks 
ef Itfe, ftnfdtion, and eafon^ than in all the t:ompai« 
of the TTiatcml worhL 

1 endeavoured to give t be fubjciEl yet greater 
degrees of perfpiciiTCv^, more variety of ar^umeiit, as 
well as eafy and fatnillar citprcir^on, that, tlic A vie be- 
ing more plcafing, and the deinonrtra^ion more readily 
a.p pre bended, it may leave a deeper itoprttTion, and h^ 
c(Fc£is and tiftfulrKif:^ m*\v bcconne more extcnhve* Jti 
order to this, I have rarely ufed any term of art, or 
any plirafe peculiar to the writing and convcrfation of" 
learned men. I have attempted > as Monfieur Fonte- 
ncllc has done with great luccefs in his Plurality of 
Worlds, to bring philofophy out of tliefecret receires 
of the fchools, and ilrip it of its uncouth and myilcri- 
ous drefs, that it may become agreeable, and adnuiteJ 
to a gcneial convcrfatioa. 

I take 


I take it for granted, that no judicious reader will 
cxpc6t, in the philofophical and argumentative parts of 
this poem, the ornaments of poetical eloquence. In 
this cafe, where metaphor and defcription arc not ad- 
mitted left they fliould darken and enfeeble the argu- 
ment, if the reafoning be clofe, ftrong, and eafily ap- 
prehended, if there be an elegant (implicity, purity, 
and propriety of words, and a juft order and connex- 
ion of the parts, mutually fuppoiting and enlightening 
one another, there will be all the perfeftion which the 
flyle can demand. 

I may fafely conclude, that no man will expe£^ that 
in this poem I fhould borrow any embellilhments from 
the exploded and obfolete theology of the ancient ido- 
laters of Greece or Rome : that I ihould addrefs any 
rapturous invocations to their idle deities, or adorn 
the Ayle with allufions to their fabulous anions. I 
have more than once publickly declared my opinion, 
that a Chrillian poet cannot but appear monftrous and 
ridiculous in a Pagan drefs: that though it fliould 
be granted, that the heathen religion might be allow- 
ed a place in light and loole long?, mock heroic, and 
the lower lyric compofitions ; yet, in chriftian poems of 
the fublime and greater kind, the mixture of the Pagan 
theology muft, by all who are maAers of reflcQ:ion and 
good fcnfe, b'j cond;.mncd, if not as impious, at Icaft 
as impertincnr and abfurd. And this is a truth fo 
clear anJ cviiicut, tlKt J make no doubt it will by 
degrees iorcc its v,.\y, rnd prevail over the contrary 
praC^cc, bhouid Britous recover their virtue, and 


ifotm their rtftc, they vvoiild no more hear ihe hea- 
hen religion in verfci dun in pi oft* Chriltian poctj, as 
wtU 315 ChrifVian preacher? » the bufincfs of boili being to 
inftmfi the people, though the laft oiily are wholly appro- 
priated to it| fhould endeavour to con firm and fpread 
rheir own true religion* If 3 diTinc fhoulH begin his 
fcrmon with a folcmn prayer to Bacchus, or Apollo, 
to Mar*, or Vt:nuSj what would the people think of 
iheir preacher ? And is it not as really, though not 
equally, abfurd, for a poet in a great and ferlous poem, 
wherein he cc It braces fome wonderful and happy e^-ent 
of Divine Pnmdcncej or m agnizes the Uluftrious inftrii- 
ment that was honoured to bring the event about, to 
adJrefs his prayer to falfe dcitJcs, and cry for help 
ro the abominaiiona of '■*'c heathen? 

The dcfign of this pc ns to deruonflrate the fdf*exif- 
tcnce of an Eternal Mir d from the created and dc|TcniIcnt 
ciiftcnce of the ^nivtrfe, and to confute the hypotlicfis 
of the Epicureans and the Fatah ft ;;, under whom all 
d>e patrons of impit;ty, ancient or motlcrnj of whatfo- 
c^-er dcnominaiion, may be ranged. The firlt of 
whom affirm the world was in time caufcd by chance ; 
and the other that It eKifled from eternity without a 
taufe. It is true, ns before mentioned, both thcfe ac- 
knowledged the exifVetice of Gods i but, by their ab* 
furd and ridiculous defcription of them j it is plain they 
had nothing tlfc in view, but to avoid the obnoxious 
ciiara£tt:r of Atheiflical philofophLrs. 

Ihn likewife has been ofctn rj!jje^ted to the Dei 11^ of 
tlie prcfcnt timcSj that iit kafl a great part of them 



onlf conceal their notions under that name, whik 
they are really to l)e numbered among the Atheills* 
J[ have before expreffcd my reafons, why I cannot em- 
brace this opinion. It is true, indeed, tliat moft of 
the Deifts maintain a particular friend(hip ^ith the 
Atheids, are pleafed with their loofe and impious 
converfation, and appear very tender of their credk 
and efteem. They are charitable in crying up their 
Ihining qualities, and in concealiog, excufing, or lei^ 
fening, their immoral a£lions ; while at the fame tim^ 
they (hew an affe£tation in expofing the faults and foU 
lies of the Chriflians, efpecially thofe who are the 
moil flri£t and regular in their manners, and appear 
to be moft in eameft. It is likewife remarkable, that 
thefe gentlemen ezprefs no zeal for the extirpation o( 
irreligious principles: they have never, as fas as I 
know, written any thing againfl them ; nor are they 
pleafed in company to ^declare their deteftatbn of fuch 
impious maxims, or to produce arguments to confute 
them I while at the fame time they take great pains« 
and {how a warm zeal, to weaken the belief of tlie 
Chriftian religion, and to expofe the pretended errors 
of its different profcflors; which fcems, indeed, 
fl range, fince he that owns a God and his providence 
lIiouUI in reafon look upon thofe who liclieve neithec 
to be infinitely more op|X){ire to him, tlian thofe who 
agree with him in the l)c1ief of a God, and ditfer only- 
in t\\c point of revealed religion. 

Belidcs, it is oh:crvab'e that the prcfcnt Deifls have 
l^ot drawn and publifhcd any fclicroe cf religion, or 


cfttaloj^ucs df the duties they are obltged to perform, 
or wlicnce fudi obligations ndfc, Tlity do not tell 
us. That they bi*k on man as an accoutvtablc creature; 
nor if they Ho^ for wUar, and to wlionij or when, ihat 
account is to he made, and uh^t rewards and punifli- 
ments will attend ir. I do not aflirtn they have t\\> 
fuch fcheinc in their thou^ht^ i but, fince they wiU not 
ht us know their crted, and in the mean time deride 
and triun^ph over that of the ChriRians, I cannot dc^ 
fend then? froni thofe who fay they are juftly so he 

And that the Deifl n\zv clear hinrfelf from the faf» 
pxion <jf bcin^ an Atheift, or at lea ft a friend and fi- 
voutcr of their principles J I could wiflr he would in 
pub he a Hi: ft a ad demoadraic the bt:]ng of a God and 
]iif pjovitlence, and declare hiE abhorrence of the 
pnnciplcs of thofe who ilitljclieve them, 

Jt would likewifc give great fati^f^^lion, and remove 
tlifi ohieiliorw of thofe that charge tjiem with dircft ir- 
religion, if they would pleafe to give fome account of 
tipesr b'vUtif : Whether they look upon tiod as one 
who governs mankind by laws to be difcovcred by the 
light of rcafon, which reftrain our inclinations and de- 
termine our duty ; that they would tell us what thofe 
laws are y and what fanftions do enforce them ; and ' 
until this be done, they cannot well difcharge them- 
frlvcs from the fufpicion before- mentioned. 
. And here I would addrefs myfelf to the irreligious 
gentlemen of the age : and I dcfire them not to take 
tip prejudices againil the exillence of 4 God, and run 

• away 


away with impious maxims, until they have cxer- 
cifecl their confideracion, and made an impartial en- 
quiry into the grounds and reafons that fupport the 
belief of a Divine Eternal Being. In order to fuch a 
reafonable examination, it is but juft and decent 
they (hould be in earneft, and hear the arguments we 
offer with temper and patience; that they (hould 
inure themCelves to think, and weigh the force of thofe 
arguments, as becomes Sincere enquirers after truth. 
The being of a God, and the duties that refult finom 
that principle, are fubjefts of the greatcft excellence 
and dignity in themfelves, and of the greatefl concern 
and importance to mankind; and, therefore, ihould 
never be treated in mirth and ridicule. Generals of 
armies and counfellors of Aate, fenators, and judges^ 
in the g^at and weighty affairs that come before them, 
do not put on the air of jefters and buffoons, and, in- 
flead of grave and folemn debates, aim at nothing but 
Tallies of wit, and treat their fubje£ls and one another 
only with raillery and deriiion : yet the bufinefs pro- 
pofcd to the confideration of the perfons I fpeak vo is, 
in every rcfpc£t, infinitely fuperior to any of theirs 

Are they furc there is no God, and therefore no 
Tcligion ? If they are not, what a terrible rifque do they 
run ! If their reafons amount only to a probability, the 
contrary opinion may be true, and that may he is 
enough to give them the moft frightful apprehenfions, 
and difturb them amidft all the pleafures ihey enjoy. 
But if they fay they are afiured, and pad doubt, there 

as tbey can be. They cannot pretend to clearer 

aqd greater AtTurance of the truth of their max- 
t^ Bpicurop and Lucretius did ; or infult their 
QttijBa with greater contempt than thofe have 
: yet theft men themfelves, at leaft many of them, 

thofe phibfophert were grofsly midaken, and 
by no means truft to the Epicurean fcheme, as 
•ondation of their opinions. If thefe great maf- 

notwithdanding their unexampled confidence, 
)een miftakcn, why may not their fuccelfors be 

they fet up Ariftotle's fcheme^ and think they 
; their principles by making the world to be 
\f and all effis6ks and events the refult of fuch a fa- 
ceflityy and an indiflbluble concatenation of caufes, 
oder it impofTible, that things that are ihould 
\f or tha( they (hould be otherwife than they are ; 
em confider, that the greateft alTertors of im« 
I mem, Democritus^ Leucippus^ Epicurus, and 
tiusy oppofed this as an idle and incoherent 
I • anA thstt \nAr.r.({ it i<t fn. ihall be after demnn. 


^hicb thefe gentlemen are pleafed to rely in a matter of 
the liigheft imiwrtance ? 

Will they confide in Mr. Ilobbes ? has that philofo- 
fophcr faid any thing new ? does he bring any ftrongcr 
forces into the field, than the Epicureans did before 
him? Will thev derive their certainty from Spinofa? 
can fuch an obfcure, perplexed, unintelligible author 
create fuch certainty, as leaves no doubt or diftiuft? 
if he is indeed to be underflood, what does he alledge 
more than the ancient Fatalifls have done^ that ihould 
amount to dcmonflraiion ? 

Befides, if, as they pretend, they are edablifiicd 
beyond poiribility of deception in the truth of their 
maxims, why are they (o very fond of thofc authors, 
that fct up any new do£lrine ? and why do they em- 
brace with fo much pkafurc their new fchemes of ir- 
rcligion ? They are very glad to hear of any great ge- 
nius, that can invent frefli arguments to ftrengthea 
their opinions ; and does not this betray a fecrct diffi- 
<lcncc, that demands further light and confirmation ? 

But further : fince thcfc gentlemen fhcw io much in- 
dudry in propagating their opinions, and arc fo fond 
of making profelytes to Athcifm; iincc they afFc-ft a 
zeal in countenancing, applauding, and preferring, thofc 
whom they have delivered from religious prejudices, 
aEd reformed and refined with their free, large, and 
generous principles ; how comes it to pafs, that tliey 
negleft to inform and improve their neareft relations? 
arc they careful to inftru6t their wives and daughters, 
that they need not revere the hnaginary phantom of a 


Cod|..diat icligimi is the creature of a timorous and 
liipecfiwioiiiis nund» or of crafty pikfts, and cunning 
pcAiticitDd ; that therefore they are free horn all re- 
llratots of Wrttie and confcience, and may proftitute 
«hetr perr<in8 in the joofl licentidus manner, without 
mny xcmorfe, or xincafy reile6lion ; that it is idle to 
icar any divine punifliment hereafter; and as to the 
4uuiie and .di(honQur that may attend the liberties they 
taikCf in cafe they become public, that fcandal proceeds 
^froin the grofs mi Hakes of people perverted with reli- 
;gion, and .mifgvided by a l^elicf of a Divine Being, 
and of rewards and punifliments in an imaginary life 
after this ? 

Do they 43ike pains to inform their eldeft fons, that 
•tbey owe them no gratitude or obedience? that diey 
411^ ufe an uncontroled freedom in indulging all ;their 
Sf^pemt&f paJlionSy and inclinations ? that, if they ^are 
willing to pollefs their father's honour and eflate, they 
-may, by poifon or the poinard, take away his life.; and» 
if they are careful to avoid the puniihment of the ma- 
giftrate by their fecret conduft, they may be fully fa- 
tisfied of the innocence of the aftion ; and as they lure 
done themfclvcs much good, fo they have done their 
father no injury, and therefore may enjoy in perfect 
tranquillity the fruits of their parricide? Whatever tbey 
may affirm among their loofe friends, I cannot con* 
ceivc they can be guilty of fo much folly, as to propa- 
gate thcfc opinions in their own families, and inftru^k 
il»eir wives and children in the boundlcfs liberties, 
wiiich, by tlic principles of Athcifm, arc their undoubted 
D right : 


'right: for in all a£iions, where Tcligion docs not 

interpofc and reftraia us, we are perfeftly, as has been 

-faid, free to a6l as we think Ixjft for our profic and 


Befides, to what a deplorable condition would man- 

'Icind be reduced, fhould thcfe opinions bc-univcrfally 
embraced ! If fo many kings and potentates, \Aio yet 
profefs their belief of a God, and of rewards and pu- 

•nifhments in a life to come, do notwichftanding, from 

i>oundlefs ambition and a cruel temper, opptefs their 

•fubjc6ls at home, and ravage and deftroy their neigh- 
bours abroad, IhouM think themfclvcs free from all 
divine obligations, and therefore too from the re(lraint« 

-of oaths and folemn contrafts; thcfc fences and- fecu- 
rities removed, what a deluge of calamities would break 
in upon the world ! what oppreflion, what violencCy 
what rapine, what devaOation, would finifli the ruin of 
human nature ! for, if mighty princes are fansfied that 

.it is impoflTiblc for them to do any wrong, what bounds 
ate left to infariable avarice and exorbitant third of 

-power I if monarchs may without the leaft guilt violate 
their treaties, break their vows, betray their friends, 
and facrifice their truth and honour at pleafure to their 

•pafliions, 'or their intereft, what truft, what confklence, 
could be fupported between neighbour potentates I and 
without this, wluit confufion and didradlion muft of 
nccefTity cnfue ! 

On the other hand, if fuhje6ls were univerfally 
Atheifls, and looked on themfclves as under no divine 

«t>bligacion to pay any duty or obedience to the fupreme 



mili^ftntei if diey Wieved that, when they took their 
4Mtlii <tf alle^inoe, ihey fwore by nothing, and invo« 
catcd m power not in being ; that therefore diofe oaths 
oblige them no longer than they think it fafe» and for 
tlwir Interefty to "break them ; ibould fuch principles 
obttiii, would aot the thrones of princes be moft pre- 
carious f would not ambition, revenge, refentment, or 
inrerefty continually excite ibme or other to betray or 
aflliult die lives of their fovereigns > and why fliould 
they be blamed by the Athcift for doing it? why arc 
traitors, aflaffins, haters of their princes, and enemies 
to their country, branded with the odious tiames of 
TuffiaDS and villnns, if they lie under do obligations to 
4i£b ocberwife than rhty do > 

Should confpirators, who affaifinate their lawfid 
fovereigny have the good fortune to make their efcape, 
1 aik the Atheift, if he has in the lead an ill opinion of 
them for being engaged in fuch an execrable under- 
taking! If he fays he has not, then the point is gained, 
and an Atheift is what I have reprefented. If he fays 
lie has, I next aik him, why ? Let him tell me in what 
their guilt ooniifts ? Is it in the breach of any divine 
law? that cannot be, for he owns none. Is it the 
tranfgreflion of any human law ? tell me, what obliga^ 
mu "he is under to obey any human law, if no divine 
Jaw enforces fuch obedience ? does their guilt confid in 
•die breach of their duty to their prince and their oaths 
X»f allegiance ? ftill the fame queftion recurs, what duty 
can a fubje£^ owe to a prince which divine laws do not 
conflicute and determine ? and how can an oath of aile- 
P a giance 


giancc bind but by virtue of fomc divine com m and, 
that obliges us notto violate our vows ? 

By this it appears that ao Atheift muft be the word 
of fubje£ks ; that his principles fubvert the thrones of 
pnoces, and undermine the foundations of goyemment 
and iocietyt on which the happinefs of mankind £» 
mvch depends; and therefore it is not poiTible to con- 
ceive bow there can be a greater didurber of the, public 
peace, or a greater enemy to his prince and country, 
than a profeft Atheift, who propagates with :zeal his 
dc(lru6live opinions. 

I have proved, in the following poem, that no hypo- 
thecs hitherto invented in fiavour of impiety has t^e 
leaft (Irength or folidity, no not the leail appearance cf 
truth to recommend it. A man muft be dcferted of 
Heaven, and inflexibly hardeped, that cannot, or rathtr 
will not, fee the unreafonablenefs of irreligious princi- 
ples. I demand only a candid temper in the reader, 
and a mind pleafed with tiiith, and delivered from the 
prejudices of atlMiftical converfaeion. 

[ J7 3 

SuMMART Account of the foUbwihgPdEMj. 
and of what is contained in^each Book. 

^T^^ dcfign of this work is to dcraohftratc the cxift-- 
cncc of a Divine. Eternal Mind. 

The arguments ufed for this end arc taken from the 
Tarious marks of wifdom and artful contrivance, which . 
are evident to obfervation iu the feveral parts of the ma- 
terial world, artd the faculties of the human foul. 

The firft book contains the proof of a Deity, from' 
the inftances of dcfign and choice, which occur in the 
ftni£ture and qualities of the earth and fea. . 

The fecond purfues the proof of the fame propoiition, , 
There is a God,, from the celefHal motions, and 
more fully from . the appearances in the folar fydem and 
the air. 

In the third, the obje£^ions, which are brought by 
Atheidical philofophers againft the hypothecs edabliihed . 
in the two preceding books, are anfwercd. . 

In the fourth, is laid down the hypothefis? of the 
Atomifts or Epicureans, and other irreligious philofo- 
phers, aad confuted. 

In the fifth, the do6^rine of the Fatalifts, or Ariflote- 
lians, who nuke the world to be eternal, is confidcred ; 
and fubverted. 

In the fixth, the argument of the two firil books is 

rcfumed, and the cxiltence of God demonftrated from 

D 3 tlic 


the prudence and art difcovcred in the feveral parts of 
the body of man. 

In the feventh, the fame demonftration is carried on 
from, the contemplation of the inflinfis in brute aniraals» 
and the faculties and operations of the foul of man^ 
The book concludes with a recapitulation of what has- 
been treated of, and a Hymn to. the Creator of the-. 


t 3^ ] 




The i>ropo(icioo* The invocation. The exigence of a 
GotI demon ft rated, from the marks of wifdom, choice^, 
tnd art, which appear in the vifible world, and infer 
an intelligent and free caufe. This evinced fronn the 
coQteiDplationy I. of the earth, i. Its iituation. 
a- The colufion of its parts, not to he folved by any 
hypothecs yet produced. 3. Its ftability* 4. Its 
ftru£tUre, or the order of its parts. 5. Its motion 
diurnal and annual; or elfc the motion of the fun in • 
both thofe refpe£b. Th« caufe of thefe motions not 
yet :iccounted for b^ any philofopher. 6. Its outfide 
or face ; the beauties and conveniences of it ; its 
mountains, lakes, and rivers. II. The cxiftencc of 
a God proved from the marks and imnrelBons of 
prudence and defign, which appear in the Ica^ i. In 
Its formation. 2. The proportion of its parts in re- 
fpc£i of the earthy. 3. Its iituation. 4. The con- 
texture of its parts. 5. Its brackifli or briny qualitj^ 
6. its flux and reflux. 

TWTO more of courts, of triumphs, or of arms, 
•*'^ No more of valour's force, or l)eauty's charms : 
The themes of vulgar lays, with juft difdain, 
I leave unfung, the flocks, the amorous fwain, 
The plcafures of the land, and terrors of the m^ln 

D 4 How 



How abjeft, how inglorious *tis to lie 
Groveling in dufl and darknefs, when on high 
Empires immenfe and rolling worlds of light, 
To range their heavenly fcenes, the Mufe invite ! 
I meditate to foar above the fkies, r« 

To heights unknown, through ways untry*d, to rife r 
I would th' Eternal from his works aflert^ 
And fmg the wonders of creating art. 
While I this uncxaoyplcd ta(k elTay, 
Pafs awful gulphs, and beat ray painful way $ r$. 

Celeftial Dove f divine aflaflance bring, 
Suftain me on thy ftrong extended wing, 
That I may reach th* Almighty's facrcd throne. 
And make his caufelefs power, the caufe of all things^. 
Thou doft the full extent of nature fee, [known*. 
And the wide realms of vaft immcnfity :• 
£tprnal Wifdoin thou dofl comprehend,. 
.Rife to her Iieight«, and to her depths defcend.: 
The Father's fecret counfels thou canft tell, 
"Who in his bofom did ft for ever dwell : a^ 

Thou on the deep's dark face, immortal Dove! 
Thou with almighty energy didft move 
On the wild waft'cs, incumbent didft difplay 
Thy genial wings, and hatch primaeval day. 
Order from thee,, from thee diftin£lion came, ^ 

And all the beauties of the wondrous frame :- 
Hence ftampt on nature we perfection ^nd,, 
Fair as tli* idea i« th' Eternal Mind. 

Sec, through this vaft extended theatre- 
Of ikill divine what fhining marks appear t 35 

Cre.Hting power is all afound expreft. 

The God difcovcr'd, and liis care confeft. 



Nature's high birth her heavenly beauties fliawj 

By every feature we the parent know. 

Th* expanded fphcres amazing to the fighr» 44 

Magnificent with ftars and globes of -light, 

The glorious orbs, which Heavcn*s bright hoft cotapbfe, 

Th' imprifon'd fea, that reftlefs ebbs and flbWs, 

The fluftuatLrig nelds of liquid air, 

With all the curious meteors hovering there, " 45 

And the wide regions of the land, proclaim 

The Power Divine, that rais'd the mighty frame. 

Wlvit things foe^si are to an end referr*d. 
And in their motions dill that end regard^ 
Always the fitnefs of the means refpe6^, 50 

Thefe as conducive chufc, and thofe rcjc^, 
Muft by a judgement foreign and unknown* 
Be guided to their end, or by their owjlj 
For to defigft an end, and to purfue 
That end by means, and have it ftill in view, 55 

Demands a confcioiK, wife, reflefting caufe. 
Which freely moves, and a£ls by reafon's laws. 
That can deliberate, means ete6l, and find 
Their due connexion with the end defign'd. 
And fince the world's wide franoe does not include 60 
A caufe with fuch capacities emlued ; 
Some other caufc o'er nature mud prefide, 
Which gave her birth, and does her motions guide.- 
And liere behold the caufe, which God we name. 
The fource of beings, and the mind fupreme; 6*5. 

Whofe perfefifc wifdom, and wliofe prudent care, confederate voice unnumbcifd wodds declare* 



Sec, how the earth has gainM that very place. 
Which of all others in the boundlefs fpace 
Is mofl convenient, and will befl conduce 70 

Tp the wife ends cequir'd for nature's ufe* 
You, who the mind and caufe fupreme deny,. 
Nor on his aid to form the world rely, . 
Mnft grant, had perfe£k wifdom been employ 'd' 
TjO find, through all th' interminable void, 75-, 

A feat moft proper, and which bed became 
The earth and fea, it.muft have been the fame. 

Now, who can this furprizing fact conceive. 
Who this event fortuitous- believe. 
That the brute earth unguided fhould embrace (o ] 
The only ufeful, only proper place 
Of all the millions' in the empty fpace ? 

Could flupid atoms with impetuous fpeed . 
By different roads and adverfe ways proceed; 
From regions oppofite begin their. flight, 85'. 

That here they might rencounter, here unite ; 
What charms could thefe terreftrial vagrants fee 
In this one point of all immenfity. 
That all th* cnamour'd troops fhould thither flow ? 
Did they its ufeful (ituation know ? 99 

And, when the fquadrons with a fwift career. 
Had reach *d that. point, why did they fettle there, 
When nothing check 'diheir flight, but gulphs < 
Since Epicurus and his fchoiars fay 
That unobftrufted matter flies away. 
Ranges the void, and knows not where to flay ? 



lere, L 
i of air; 3 


. CRBATION. BookL 4^ 

If foiH ftgtdous ions of art, pretend 
That by their native force tliey did defcend, 
^ad ceaiM to more^ when they had gaia'd their end } 
That nativa'force till you inlighten'd know, 100 

Can its myfterious fpring difclofe, and Uxovf 
How tis exarted, how it does impel, 
Tour «ninffaru6tive words no doubts difpel. 
We.aik you,, whence does motive vigour flow? 
You fay, the nature of the thing is fo. 105 

Bat how does this relieve th' enquirer's pain ? 
Or how the dark impulfive power explain ? 

The Atoouils, who (kill mechanic teach^ 
Who boaft tneir cleaver ilghc, and deeper reacli^. 
ABktC their atoms took that happy feat, no 

Detsnuin'd thither by their inbred weight 1 
That downward through the fpacious void they ftrove 
To tiiat one pointy from all the parts above. 
Grant this pofition truc> though up -and down 
Are to a fpace not limited unknown ; 115 

But iince they fay our earth from mom to raom 
On its own axis is oblig'd to turn ; 
That fwift rotation mud difperfe in air 
All things, which on the rapid orb appear : 
And if no power that motion fhould control, 110 

It mud disjoint and diflipate the wholes 
Tis by experience unconteded found. 
Bodies orbicular, when whirling round, 
SuU ihake off all things on their furface plac'd, 
And to a didance from the centre cad. 125 

If ponderous atoms are fo much in love 
With this one point, that all will thither move. 



Give them the fituation they defire ; 

But let us then, ye fages, next enquire, 

What caufe of their cohefion can you find ? 130 

What props fupport, what chains rfic fabrick bind ?. 

Why da not beafls that move, or ftoncs that lii 

Loofe on the field, through diftant regions fly ? 

Or why do fragments, from a mountain rent. 

Tend to the earth with fuch a fwift defccnt ? 13^. 

Thofe who afcribe this one determin'd courfe 
Of ponderous things to gravitating forcc^ 
Refer us to a quality occult, 
To fenfelefs words, for which while they infulC 
With juft contempt the famous Stagy rice, 149 

Their fchools ihould blcfs the world with elearer Sght. 
Some, the round earthls cohefion to feture^ 
For that hard taflc employ magnetic power*. 
Remark, fay they, the glot^ie; with w6hder tf#h 
Its nature, like the fam'd attraftive ftonc. 74^ 

This has its axis, fo th' obferver telW^ 
Meridians, poles, aequa'tor, parallels. 
To the terreftrial poles by conftant fate 
Th* obfequious poles themfelves accommodate, 
•And, when of this pofition difpofleft, 15^ 

They move, and ftrive, nor ever will they reft, 
Till their lovM fituation they regain, 
Where pleas'd they fettle, antl unm<>y*d remain. 
And (hould you, fo experience does decide^ 
Into fmall parts the wondrous ftooe divide, 15.5 

Ton- thoufand of minuteft firzecxpref* 
The fame pro^nfion^ whtchr tlie* large po&fbi 


I «U die globe ftisfjud) we may conclude 
^di this pijBVtiling eneiigy endvfed x 
That this txtnGdvt^ this furpriziag ftooe 
Hat no peculiar virtue of its ovm -, 
Nothing but what is common to the whole. 
To (ides, ypt axis, 'and to either po'e. 

The mighty magnet from the centre darts 
'This (hong, though fubtle force, through all the part 
Its a^ive rays* ejaculated thence, 
irradiate all the wide circumference. 
While every part is in proportion bkfk, 
<And of its due attra£live power poffeft ; 
AVhile adyerfe ways the adverfe atoms draw i|« 

With the fame ftrength, by nature's con flan t lav 
Balanc'd and fixt; they can no longer move^ 
Through gptphs immenfe no more nnguided rote* 
|f ^rds are pull'd two adverfe ways, we find 
The mor« we draw .them, they the fader bind. 17J 

So when with equal vigour Nature ftrains 
This way and'that thefe fine mechanic chains* 
They ^x, the earth, they part to part unite, 
Preferve their flrufture, and prevent their flight. 
prelTure, they iay, and weight, we mud difown* i^e 
As things occult, by no ideas known. 
And oq the earth's magnetic power depend 
rTo fix its feat, its union to defend. 

Let us this fam'd hypotli^fis furvey, 
And with attentive thought remar^ the way, 
How earth's attradUve parts their force difplay. 
The mafs, 'tis faid* from its wide bofum .pours 
rorrents of atopis, and eternal ihowers 


185 I 


Of fine magnetic darts, of matter ma Ic 

So fubtle, marble they with eafe pervade : 190 

^cfin'd, and (next to incorporeal) thin, 

Not by Aufenian glaffes to be feen. 

Thefe emanations take their condant flight 

Swift from the earth, as from the fun the light ; 

To a determin*d diftance they afcend^ 195 

And there infle^ their courfe, and downward tend. 

What can infult unequal Reafon more. 
Than this magnetic, this royfterious power ' 
That cords and chains, hcyond conception fmall. 
Should gird and bind fo faft this mighty hall 1 100 

That a^ve rays fliould fpring from ever}' part. 
And, though fo fubtle, fbould fuch force exert ! 
That the light legions (hould he fent abioad, 
'Range all the air, and travetfe every road 1 
To ftated limits (hould excuriions ma1ce, 205 

Then backward of themfelves their journey take j 
Should in their way to folid 'bodies clii^, 
And home to earth the captive matter bring 5 
Where all things on its furface fpread arc bound 
By their coercive vigour to the ground 1 
Can this be done without a Guide Divine ? 
Should we to this hypothefis incline ? 
Say, does not here confpicuous Wifdom ihine } 
Who can .enough magnetic force admire } 
t>oesitnet couiffel and deiign require ftij 

Te;givc rtie earth this wondrous energy, 
In'fuch'a itieafure, fuch a juft degree. 
That it fliould ftill perform its dcftin'd talk. 
As nature's ends and various ufes afk? 



TRXATIOTJ. BooicT. 47 

VoTf ftonld our globe have had a grearer. (hare tia 
Of ddt ftroogibree» by which the pant cohere, 
'Things hid been bound by fuch a powerful chain, 

Tliat iH would fix'd and motionlefs remain j 

i^ll men, like ftatues, on the eanh would ftand, 
"Nor would they move the foot, or ifaretcli the hand; 

Birds would not range the ikies, nor beails the woods, 
tlor c«^ the fifli divide the ftifTcn'd floods. 

Again, had this ftrange energy l>cen Ids, 

TkfcGt had been as fatal as exccfs. 

Tor want of cement (Irong- enough to bind 139 

The ftrufture faft, huge ribs of rock, disjoinM 

Without an earthquake, from (heir bafe would dart," 

And hills unhing'd from their deep roots depart. 

And, while our orb perform 'd its daily race, 

•All beings, ^und upon its ample face, 13$ 

Would, by that motion diflipated, fly 

Whirl'd from ihc globe, and fcatter flirough the flty : 

They mutV, obedient to mechanic laws, 

AfTemble where the flrongcr magnet draws ; 
*Whether the Sun that flrongcr magnet proves, 149 

Or elfe fome planet's orb that nearer moves. 
Who can unfold the caufe that does recall 

Magnetic rays, and make them backward fall? 

If tliefe effluvia, which do upward tend, 

<Becaufe lefs heavy than the air, afcend} 14^ 

Why do tliey ever from their height retreat. 

And why return to feek their central feat > 
^rom the fame caufe, ye fons of art, declare 
tCaa they by turns defcend, and rife in air ? 



Prodigious 'tis, ibat one attra61ive ray 250 

"Should this way bend, the next an adverfe way ; 
For, (hould th* unfecn magnetic jets defccnd 
All the fame way, they could not gain their end ; 
They could not draw and bind the fabrick faft, 
vUnlefs alike they every part embrac'd. 255 

. How does Cartciius all his (inews drain, -^ 

How much he labours, and how nnuch in vain, > 

The earth's attra£Vive vigour to explain ! J 

This bold contriver thus his thoughts conveys: 
Jnceflant ft reams of thin magnetic rays a4o 

<}u(h from their fountains, with impetuous forccy 
la cither pole, then take an advcrfc couife : 
Thofe from the Southern pole the Northern feek ; 
The Southern thofe that from the Northern break : 
:Ij) cither pole thefe rays emitted meet s6^5 

Small pores provided, for their figures fit; 
Still to and fro they circulating pafs, 
Wold all the frame, and firmly hind the-mafs. 
Thus he the parts of earth from fli^i^ht rcftrains, 
And girds it faft by fine imagin'd chains. 270 

But oh ! how dark is human rcafon found I 
How vain the man, with wit and learning crown'd I 
How feeble all his ftrcngth, when he cliays 
To trace dark Nature, and detedt her ways 5 
Unlefs he calls its Author to liis aid, 27^ 

Who every fccret fpring of motion laid. 
Who over all his wondrous works prelides. 
And to their ufcful ends their caufcs guides 1 
Thefe paths in vain are by enquires irod; 
There *% no philofophy without a God. iSo 

t AdmiiM 


eilBATION. Book I. 4^ 

AdnM Out«fiai» let the curiout ki)ow» 
If yaar magMcie atoms tlwayt flow 
From pak to po1e» what forroM their double' fource. 
What fpar'd, what gave them their infle£Ved courfe ? 
Tell, what could drill and perforate the poles, 185 
And to th' attra^re rays adapt their holes } 
A race fo long what prompts them to purfue > 
Have the blind troops th' important end in view } 
How are they fure they in the poles (hall meet 
Pores of a figure to their figure fit > ^^q 

Are they with fuch fagacity endued 
To know, if this their journey be purfued, 
They ihall the earth's conflru^re clofelybind, 
And to the eentre keep the parts confin'd t 

Let US review this whole magnetic fcheme, t^^ 

Till wifer heads a' wifer model frame. 
For itt formation let fit atoms fbrt, 
To one determined point, from every part. 
Kncountering there from regions oppofite. 
They clalb^ and interrupt each other's flight; 300 

Andy rendezvouiing with an adverfe coutre. 
Produce an equal poife, by equal force : 
For while tlie parts by laws magnetic zGtf 
And are at once attra£^ed and attrafki 
While match 'd in flrcngth they keep the doubtful field, 
And neither overcome, and neither yield, 
To happy purpofe they their vigour fpcnd 1 
For thefe contentions in the balance end, 1 

Which mufl in liquid air the globe fufpend. J 

Befides materials which are brute and blind, 
Did not tliis work require a Knovidng Mind, 119 

£ Who 


Who for th^ taik ihould fit detachments chufe 

From all the atoms, which their hofl ditfufe 

Through the wide regions of the bound lefs fpacc. 

And for their rendezvous appoint tlie place? jf ^ 

Who Hiould command, by his almighty nody 

Thefe chofch troop?, unconfcious of the road. 

And unacquainted with th* appointed end. 

Their marches to begin, and thither tend ; 

Direft them all to take tiie neareil way, 320 

Whence none of all th' unnumber'd millions (Iray; 

Make them advance with fuch an equal pace. 

From all the adverfe regions of the fpace. 

That they at once ihould reach the deflin'd place 1 

Should mufler there, and round the centre fwann. 

And draw together in a globous form ? 

Grant, that by mutual oppofition made 
Of adverfe pans, their mutual Bight is ftaid j 
That thus the whole is in a balance laid 5 
Does it not all mechanic heads confound, 330 

Tha: troops of atoms, from ail parts around. 
Of equal number, and of equal force, 
Should to this fmgle point direfl: their courfe j 
That fo the countcr-prelTurc every way. 
Of equal vigour, might tlicir motions ftay, 335 

And, by a ftcady poife, the whole in quiet lay ? 

Bcfidcs, the fiructiirc of the eanii regard : 
For firmnefs how is all its frame prepar'd ! 
With what amazing (kill is the vaft building rear' 
Metals and veins of folid flone are found 340 

The chief materials^ which tlie globe compound. 



I'd I J 

CREATION. Book L ^t 

See, how the hills, which high in air afcend. 
From pole to pole their lofty lines extend. 

Thefe fttonj^ unfbaken mouncls rcfift the fliocks 
Of tides and feas tempeftuous, while the rocks, 345 
That fecVct ih a long eonfinued viin 
Pafs through the earth, the ponclerdus pile fudain : 
Thefe mighty girders, which the fabrick bind, 
Thcfe ribs rohuft and vaft, in order join'd ; 
Thcfc fubterranean walls, difpos'd vlrith art, 3'5» 

Such Orcngth, anfd fufch liability impart, • .' 

That Ooims above, and earthquakes under ground, 

Break not the pillars, hdr the wojfk corifoand. 
Give to the earth a form orbicular. 

Let it be pois'd, and hung ill flmbileiit air; ■■ 355 

Give it the fitaarion to the fun 

Such as is only fitj when this is done, 

Suppofe it ftill remain'd a lazy heap; 

From what we grant, you no advantage reap. 

You cither muft the eaiih from reft difturb, 349 

Or roll around the heavens the folar orb. 

Elfe what a dreadful face wi^l nature wear ! 

How horrid will thefe loncfome feats appear ! 

This nc'iir would fee one kind refrefliing ray ; 

That would be ruin'd, but a different way, 

CondemnM to liglit, and curs*d with endlefs day; 

A cold Icelandian dtifert one would grow; 

One, like Sicilian furnaces, wouldiglow. 
That nature may this fatal error (hun, 

Move, which will pleafe you bcft, the earth or fun. 370 

But, fay, from what great builder's magazines 

You *ll engines fetch, what ftrong, what vaft machines 
E z \V\\V 



Will you employ to give this motion birthy 

And whirl fo fwiftly round the fun or earth ? 

Yet, learned heads, by what mechanic laws 375 

Will you of either orb this notion caufe ? 

Why do they move ? why in a circle ? why 

With fuch a meafure of velocity ? 

Say, why the earth— if not the earth, the fun 

Does through his winding road the Zodiack run ? 38* 

Why do revolving orbs their tracks fublime 

So conflant keep, that iince the birth of time 

TTiey never vary'd their accuftom'd place^ 

Nor loft a minute in fo long a race ? 

But hold ! peiiiaps I rudely prefs too hr; 315 

You are not vers'd in reafoning fo feveie. 

To a firft queftion your reply 's at hand ; 

Aik but a fecond, and you fpeechlefs ftand« 

You fwim at top, and on the furface ftrive> 

But to the depths of nature never dive : 390 

Pot if you did, infltuftcd you'd explore 

Divine contrivance, and a God adore. 

Yet fons of art one curious piece devife. 

From whofe conftru6^ure motion ihall arife. 

Machines, to all philofophers 'tis known, 395 

Move by a foreign impulfc, not their own. 

Then let Gaflendus chufe what frame he pleafe. 

By which to turn the heavenly orbs with eafe j 

Thofe orbs muft reft, till by th' exerted force 

Of fome firft mover they begin their courfe : 400 

Meer difpofition, meer mechanic art. 

Can never motion to the globes impart { 


C,R E A T I O N. Book I. 53 

A/adt if tliey oouldy the marks of wife deiign 
In dut cootriTAQce would confpicaous ihioe. 
Tfaefe queftioai ^l recur: we iliU demind, 4^5 

What moves them firft, and puts them off at hand } 
What makes them this one way their race dire£l;. 
While they ft thoufand other ways re|e£b ? I 

Why do they never once their courfe inflc^k ^ J 

Why do they roll with fuch an equal pace,. 4^0 

And to ft moment flill perform, their race I 
Why earth or fun diurnal ftages keep ? 
In fpiral tracks why through the zodiac creep? 
Who can account for this,, unlefs they fay 
Thefe orbs th' Eternal Mindts command obey, 41 5, 
. Who bad them move, did all tlKtr motions guide^ 
To each its deftin'd province did divide ,* 
Which to complcaty lie gave them motive power. 
That Ihally as long as he does will, endure } 

Thus we the frame- of nature have exprefl ; 429 

Kow view the earth in finilh^d beauty drefl ; 
The various fcenes, which various charms difplay,. 
Through all th* extended theatre furvey. 

See how fublime th' uplifted mountains rife,. 
And with their pointed heads invade the fkies I 4^^ 
How the high cliffs their craggy arms extend, 
Diflinguifli dates, and fcver'd realms defend ! 
How ambient ihores confiDe the relllefs deep. 
And in their ancient l>ounds the billows keep t 
The hollow vales their fmiling pride unfold -, 43^ 

What rich abundance do their bofoms hokr! 
Regard tlwir lovtly verdure, raviih'd view 
The party -coloured flowers of various hue f 

E 3 Not 


Not Eaftem monarchs, on their nuptial day, 

In dazzling gold and purple Ihine fo gay 'A^S' 

As the blight narivcb of th* unlabour'd field, 

Unverft in fpinning, and in looms unfkilPd. 

See, how the ripferfing fruits the gardens crown, 

Imbil>c the fun, and make his light their own I 

See the fvveet brooks in filver mazes creep, 446' 

Enrich the meadows, and fupply the deep; 

While from their weeping urns the fountains flow. 

And vital raoifture, where they pafs, Iwftow ! 

Admire the narrow ftrcam, and fpreading lake, 

The proud afpiring grove, and humble brake : 44^" 

How do the forefts and the woods delight ! • " • / 

How the fweet glades and openings charm the fight f 

Obfcrve the pleafant lawn and airy plain, * ■' 

The fertile furrows rich with various grain ; 

How ufeful all ! how all confpire to grace 45^- 

Til' extended earth, and beautify her face ! 

Now, fee, with how much art the parts are made ; 
With how much wifdom are the ftrata laid, 
Of different weight, and of a different kind. 
Of fundry forms, for fundry ends defign'd ! 455 

Here in their beds the finiftv'd minerals reff. 
There the rich wombs the feeds of gold digeft. 
Here in fit moulds, to Indian nations known, 
Are call the fevcral kinds of precious flone ; 
The diamond here, by mighty monarchs worn, 460 
Fair as the ffar that beautifies the morn j 
And, fplendid by the fun's embody 'd ray. 
The rubies there their crimfon light difplay j 

4 There 

ilCR E.A.T ION. BookL ' 

jftcw ltotMe^ Ttn6us coloured veins are fproad; 
'Hat* <yf bitumen unduous ftorcs are bied. ... 4 
Whtfi Ikill on tU its Auface is beftov'dt 
■ To make the earth fnr van a fie abode 1 
The upper moulds, with adkive fpirits ftoT'd, 
AmA rich in Terdant progeny, afibrd 
The flowery pafture, and the ihady wood, 47c 

To men their phyfick, and to beads their food^ 

Proceed yet farther, and a profpefl take 
Of the fwift fiream, and of the {banding lake. 
Had not the deep been form'd, that might conuin .. 
All the collei^ed treaAires of the roaiov 47.5 

The earth had (HU o^erwlieim'd with water flood* 
To man an uninhabitable flood. 
Yet had not part as kindly {laid behind, 
la the wide ciftems of tHe lakes confio'd, 
Did not the fpdngs and rivers drench the land, 4S0 
Our globe would grow a wildcrnefs of fand ;. 
The plants and groves, the tame and fivage hca&. 
And man, their lord, would die with diouglit opprcH:. 
Kow, as you fee, the Roaiing clement 
Part.loofe in {beams, part in the ocean pent, 4»S - 

So wifely is difpos'd, as may conduce 
To man's delight, or ncccirary ufe. 

See how the mountains in ihc miJil divide 
The noblcft regions, tiiat from cither fide 
The dreams, which to the hills their curicots owe, -^ 
May every way along the valley flow, C 

And verdant wealth on all the fuil hcftow I J 

k) Atlas and the mountains of the ii:oon, 
*rom north to fouth, in lofty ridges run 

E 4 Thrcv^^ 


Thnmgh Afric realms, whence falling waters UfC 495 

Tb' icfenor regions with a winding ware. 

They rarious rivers gire to various foil, 

Niger to Guinea, and to iEgrpc Nile. 

So from the towering Alps, on different fides* 

I^ilblving fnows defcend in munerous tides* ^c% 

Which in the vale beneath their parties join 

To form the Rhone, the Danube, and the Rhine. 

So Caucafus, afpiticg Taurus fo. 

And fam*d Imaiis, ever white with fnow. 

Through eadem climes their lofty lines extend, 505 

And this and that way ample currents fend. 

A thoufand rivers make their crooked way. 

And difcmbogue their floods into the fea $ 

Whence ihould they ne'er by fecret roads retire. 

And to the hills, from whence they came, afpire; 5i# 

They by their conilant ftreams would £0 encreafe 

The watery {lores, and raife (o high the feas. 

That the wide hollow would net long contain 

Th* unequal treafurcs of the fwelling main ; 

Scorning the mounds which now its tide withftand, 515 

Tlie fca would pafs the ihores, and drown the land. 

Tell, by what paths, what fubterranean ways. 
Back to the fountain's ^ead the fca conveys 
The refluent rivers, and the land repays ? 
Tell, what fupcrior, what controling caufc 520 

Makes waters, in contempt of nature's laws, 
Climb up, and gain th' afpiring mountains height. 
Swift and forgetful of their native weight ? 



CREATION. Book I. 57 

What happy works, what engines under-ground. 
What inftrumcnts of curious art are found, 545 

Which muft with cverlafting labour play, -\ 

Back to their fprings the rivers to convey, > 

And keep their corrcfpondencc with the fca ? J 

Perhaps you *ll fay, their ftrcams the rivers owe 
In part to rain, in part to melting fnow ; 530 

And that th* attrafted watery vapours rife 
From lakes and feas, and 611 the lower ikies : 
Thcfe when condensed the airy region pours 
On the dry earth in rain, or gentle fhowers; 
Th' iniinuating drops (ink through the fand, 535 

And pafs the porous fbrainers of the land ; 
Which frclh fupplies of watery riches bring 
To every river's head, to each exhaufled fpring ; 
The ftrcams are thus, their lofles to repair, 
Back to their fource tranfmitted through the air ; 540 
The waters ftill their circling courfe maintain. 
Flow down in rivers, and return in rain ; 
And on the foil with heat immoderate dry'd, 
To which the rain's pure treafures are deny'd. 
The mountains more fublime in aether rife, 54^ 

Transfix the clouds, and tower amidft the ikies ; 
The fnowy fleeces, which their heads involve. 
Still ftay in part, and ftill in part diffolvcs 
Torrents and loud impetuous catara£^s 
Through roads abrupt, and rude unfafliion'd tra£ks, 550 
Roll down the lofty mountain's channeled (ides, 
And to the vale convey their foaming tides ) 
At length, to make tlieir various currents one. 
The congregated floods together run j 



Thefe confluent ftreanns make fonne great river's head. 

By llores ftill melting and defcending fed ; 

Thus from th' afpiring mountains of the moon 

Diflblving treafures rufli in torrents down. 

Which pafs the fun-burnt realms andfandy foil. 

And blcfs th' Egyptian nation with their Nile ; ^i9 

Then whofoe'er his fecret rife would know, 

Muft climb the hills, tmd trace his head in fnow; 

And through the Rhine, the Danube, and the Rhone, 

All ample rivers of our milder zone, 

While they advance along the flats and plains, 565 

Spread by the Ihowers augmented, and the rains ; 

Yet thefe their fource and firfl: beginning owe 

To (lores, that from the Alpine mountains flow ; 

Hence, when the fhows in winter ceafe to weep, 

And undifTolv'd their flaky texture keep, 57* 

The banks with cafe their humble flreams contain, 

Which fwell in funimer, and thofe banks difdain. 

Be this account alIow*d, fay, do not here 

Th' imprcflions of confummatc ait appear? 

In every fpacious realm a rifing ground, 575 

Obfcrvcrs tell, is in the middle found ; 
That all the ftreams, which flow from either fide. 
May through the valleys unobftru6lcd glide. 
What various kingdoms does the Danube lave. 
Before the Euxine fea receives its wave I 580 

How many nations of the fun -burnt foil 
Fam'd Niger blefs ! how many drink the Nile ! 
Through what vafl regions near the riling fun 
Does InduS; Ganges, and Hydafpes, run ! 


^^^'it- A T I 6 #. Book T. 59 

Unkt litppy (^^my wide Euphrates, teem, J85 

And pngnanc grow by thy prolific fbtain f 

How nany fpifiSKiV coantries does the Rluiie, 

In winding banka, and mazes ferpentine* 

Traverfe, before he fplits in Bclgia's plain, 

And loft in fiind creeps to the German) main ! 599 

Floods vduch throng Indian realms their courfe purfue^ 

That Mexico enrich, and wafh Peru, 

With their titiwearied ftreams yet farther pafs. 

Before they reach the fea, and end their race. 

And (ince the rivers and the floods demand, 595 

For their defcent, a prone and finking land. 

Does not diit due declivity declare 

A wife Piredor's proridential care ? 

Sice, how the ftreams advancing to the main 
ThiDbgh crooked channels draw their cryftal train! 609 
Wlule lingering dins they in meanders glide. 
They fcatter verdant life on either fide. 
The valleys fmile, and with their flowery face 
And wealthy births confefs the floods embrace. 
But this great blcfling would in part be lod, 605 

Nor would the meads their blooming plenty boaft; 
Did unchecked rivers draw their fluid train 
In lines dire£^, and rapid feek the main. 

The fea does next demand our view'; and there 
No lefs the marks of pcrfeft (kill appear. 61^ 

When firft the atoms to the congrefs came, 
And by their concourfc form'd the mighty frame. 
What did the liquid to th* aflembly call, 
To give tlicir aid to form the ponderous ball ? 



Flrfty tell us, why did any come? next, why 615 

In fuch a difpropomon to the dry ? 

Why were the moift in number fo outdone, 

That to a thoufand dry, they are but one ? 

When they united, and together clung. 

When undiftinguifh'd in one heap they hung, 6ao 

How was the union broke, the knot unty'd. 

What did th' entangled elements divide ? 

Why did the moid disjoined, without refpe6l: 

To their Icfs weight, the loweft feat eled ? 

Could they difpenfe to lie below the land, 6^5 

With nature's law, and unrepeal'd command ; 

Which gives to lighter things the grcatcft height, 

And feats inferior to fuperior weight ? 

Did they forefee, unlefs they lay fo low, ^ 

The redleft flood the land would overflow, 630 r 

By which the delug'd earth would u(c\t{s grow > ^ 

What, but a confcious agent, could provide 

The fpacious hollow, where the waves refulc ? 

Where, bar'd with rock, and fencM with liills, the deep 

Does in its womb the floating trcafurcs keep 1 635 

And all the raging regiments reftrain 

In dated limits, tliat the fwelling main 

May not in triumph o'er the frontier ride, 

And through the land licentious fpread its tide > 

What other caufe the frame could fo contrive, (40 

That, when tempefluous winds the ocean drive. 

They cannot break tlie tye, nor difunite 

The waves, which roll conne6lcd in their flight ? 


. ^CltJIfATION. BooK]^. (t 

UlNir budfy- thoa^ iUck, no diflblution fear, n 
Th* imfem'd ptrti the greueft preiTim betr» 645 f 
Thoagh loofe, and fit to flow, they ftill cohere. J . 
This apt, this wife contexture of the fea. 
Makes it the (hipe driv'n by the winds obey 1 
Whence hardy merchants fail from ihore to fhore. 
Bring Indian fpices home, and Guinea's ore. 650 

When you with liquid flares have 611'd the deep^ 
Whtt does the flood from putrefi6Uon keep } 
Should it lie fbgnant in its ample feat^ 
The fun would throu^ it fpread deffanffivrheat. 
The wife Contriver, on his end intent, 655 

Caiefbl this £tta] enor to prevent. 
And keep the waters firom corruption fiee, 
Wst than with fait, and feafon'd all the fea. 
What other cauie eould this tffe€t produce ? 
The brackifh tin6hire through the main diffufe } 44« 
You, who to folar beams this tafk alHgn, 
* To fcald the waves, and turn the tide to brine, 
Refle^ that all the fluid flores, which fleep 
In the remooeft caverns of the deep. 
Have of the briny force a greater fhare, f 6| 

Than thofe above, that meet the ambient air* 
Others, but oh how much in vain ! ere6l; 
Mountains of fait, the ocean to infe^. 
Who, vers'd in nature, can defcribe the land. 
Or fix the place on which thofe mountains fland ? 670 
Why have thofe rocks fo long unwafted flood, 
Since, lavifh of their flock, they through the flood. 
Have, ages pail, their melting cryflal fpred, 
i with their fpoils the liquid regions fed ? 




Yet morr, the wife Contriver did prtn-idc, 675 
To keep the fca from ftaenating the tide ; 
XVhich now we fee adrance, and now fub(i<le. 
It you exclude this great Dirc6ting Mind, 
Declare wlwrt catifc of this cflFcft you find. 
You who this globe round its own axis drive, 680 

From that rotation this crent derive : 
You fay, the fea, which with unequal pace 
Attends the earth in this its rapid race. 
Does with its waves faU backwan-d to the weft, 
And, thence repell'd, advamccs to the eaft : 685 

While this revolving, motion docs dndure. 
The deep mud reel, anrtd rufli from fbore to ftore : 
Thus to the fctting, and the lifing fun, 
Alternate tides in dated order run. 
Th* experiments you bring us, to expiiin C90 

•ttiis notion, are itnpeVtifncBt and vain. 
An orb or ball round its own axis whiri; 
"Will not the motion to a diftancc hurl 
Whatever duft or fand you on it place. 
And drops of water from its convex face f 695 

Jit this rotation docs the feas affeft, 
The rapid morion rather would ejcft 
The ftores the low capacious caves contain. 
And from its ample bafih caft tlie main ; 
Aloft in air would make the ocean fly, 70© 

Ahd dafh its fcattcr'd waves againft the iky. 

If you, to folve th' appearance, have rccourfc 
Td the bright fun's, or moon's impulfive force ; 
Do you, who call for demonftrauon, tell 
Hpw diftant orbs th' obedient flood impel ? 705 


<: R E A T I O N. Booic I. 6| 

This ftrong myftcrious influence explain, 

By which, to fwell the waves, they prefs the main. 

But if you cKufe magnetic power, and fay 

Thofe bodies by ,attra£kion move the fea; 

Till with new light you make this fearet known, 710 

And tell us how 'tis by attra6lion done. 

You leave tlw rairid in darknefs Hill involv*d. 

Nor have you, like philofophers, refolv'd 

The doubts, which we to reafoning nicn refcr> 

But with a cant of words abufe the oar. 7^5 

Thofe, who affert the lunar orb prcfides 
O'er humid bodies, and the oceian guides : 
Whofe waves obfequious ebb, or fwelling run, 
With the declining or increafing moon ; 
With reafon fcem her empire to maintain, 72a 

As miib-efs of the rivers and the main* 
Perhaps her a£kive influences caufe 
Th* alternate flood, and give the billow laws; 
The waters feem her orders to obey. 
And ebb and flow, determined by her fway. 72 J 

Grant that the deep this foreign fovereign owns. 
That mov'd by her it this and that way runs. 
Say, by what force fhe makes the ocean fwell. 
Does flic attra6l the waters, or impel ? 
How docs flie rule the rolling waves, and guide 730 
By fixt and confl:ant laws the rcftlcfs tide ? 
Why does (he dart her force to that degree. 
As gives fo jufl: a motion to the fea. 
That it ihould flow no more, no more retire. 
Than nature's various ufeful ends require } 71$ 

A Mind 


A Mind Supreme you therefore inuft approve, 

Whofe high c-mmaDd caus'd matter firft to move : 

Who dill preferves its courfc, and, with refpeft 

To his wife ends, all motions does dire£l« 

He to the iilver moon this province gave, 749 

And fixt her empire o'er the briny Mrave ; 

Endued her with fuch juft degrees of power. 

As might his aims and wife deiigns procure. 

Might agitate and work the troubled deep. 

And rolling waters from corruption keep, 745 

But not impel them o*er their bounds of fand. 

Nor force the wafleful delugt o'er the land. 


I ^5 ] 




THE Introduction. The numerotis and importanc 
lileflings of rrligion. The cxiilencc of a (lod de- 
monrtrated* from the wifciom and deiiga which ap- 
|)ear in the motions of tlic heavenly orbs ; but move 
paiticularly in the fotar fyftcm. 1. In the fituacion 
of the fun, and its due di (lance from the earth. The 
fatal cofifec|oeiices of its having been placed other- 
wife than It is. II. In its diurnal motion, whence 
the change of day and night proceeds x then in its 
annual motion, whence arife the dllTerent degrees ot; 
heat and cold. The confineiDcnt of the fun between 
the tropicks, not to he accounted for bv any philofo- 
phical hypothecs. The difficulties of the fame, if 
the earth moves, and the fun rcrts. The fprinsjof the 
fun's motion, not to be explained by any irrclisjious 
philofophy. The contemplation of the folar light, 
and the ufcs made of it for the end propofcd. The 
appearances in the folar fyftcm not to l>c folvcd, hue 
by alTcrting a God. The fyftcm s of Ptolomy, Co- 
pernicus, Tycho Brahc, and Ktpler, conlicicrtd. 
The folar fyftem dcfcrihcd, and compared with the 
fixed ftars, which arc fuppofcd centres of the like 
{\{\cm%» Reflexions 6n that comparifon. The hv- 
F poihcfi'j 


pjthcf.s of Epicurus, in relation to the ^motion of 
the fun. Wildom and dciign difcovered in the air ; 
in its ufeful ftructurc, its clafticity, its various me- 
teors ; the wind, the rain, tliunder, and lightning. 
A ibbrt contemplation of the vegetable kind. 

/^ AR U S, by hardy Efncums Uught, 

^^ From Greece to Rome his impious fyftem brought) 

Then war with Heaven he did infulting wage. 

And breath'd againft the Gods immortal rage : 

See, he exclaims, the fource of all our woe ! 5 

Our fears and fufFcrings from Religion flow. 

We grant, a train of roifchiefs oft' proceeds 
From fuperflitious ntes and penal creeds ; 
'But view Religion in her native charms, 
IMfperfing bleflings with indulgent arms, !• 

From her fair eyes what heavenly rays are fpread I 
•IVhat blooming joys fmile round her blifsful head ! 

Offsprinff divine I by thee we blefs the Caufe, 
Who form'd the world, and rules it by his laws 1 
His independent being we adore, 15 

Extoll his goodnefs, and revere his power ; 
Our wondering eyes his high pcrfe£lions view. 
The lofty contemplation we purfue. 
Till raviih'd we the great idea find. 
Shining in bright impreiiions on our mind. 20 

InfpirM by thee, gucft of celeftial race, 
With generous love, we human-kind embrace $ 
We provocations unprovok'd receive, 
Patient of wrong, and ealy to for^vej 


CREATION. ^ Booic 11. - 1^7 

Protefl the orphan, plead, the widow's caufe, 25 

Nor deviate from the line unerring juftice draws. 

Thy luftre, bleft effulgence, can difjx:ll 
The clouds of error, and the gloom of hell 5 
On' to the foul impart etherial light. 
Give life divine and intclle6l«al fight : }• 

Before our ravifh'd eyes thy beams difplay 
The opening fcenesof blifs, and endlefs day 5 
^y which incited, we with ardour rife, 
Scorh this inferior ball, and claim the fkies. 

Tyrants to thee a change of- nature owe, 3 5 

Difraifs their tortures, and indulgent grovv^ 
Ambitious conquerors in their mad career, 
Check'd by thy voice, lay down the fword and fpoar. 
The boldcfl champions of impiety, 
Scornful of Heaven, fubdued -or won by tliee, 40 
Before thy hallowed alurs bend the knee ; . 
Loofe wits, made wife, a pubHc good become. 
The fens of pride an humble mien ailumci 
The profligate in morals grow fevere, 
Dcfrauders juft, and fycophants fmcere. 45 

With amorous language and bewitching fmiles. 
Attractive airs, and all the lover's wiles, 
The fair Egyptian Jacob's fon carefs'd. 
Hung on his neck, and languifh'd on his bread ; 
Courted with freedom now the beauteous ilave, - 50 
Now flattering fued, and threatening now did rave t 
But not the various eloquence of love, 
Nor power enrag'd, could his fix'd virtue move. 
See, aw*d by Heaven, the blooming Hebrew flies 
^er anful tongu«, and more perfuafive eyes; 55 

F 2 And, 



And, fpringin^ from her clifappointed arms, 
Prefers a dune;con to forbidden charms. 

Stcdfaft in virtue's and his country's caufc, 
Th' illuftrious founder of the Jcwiib laws. 
Who, taught by Heaven, at genuine grcatnefs aim'd, io 
With worthy pride imperial blood difclaim'd ; 
Th* alluring hopes of Pharoah*s throne rcfign'd. 
And the vain pleafure* of a court declined, 
PlcasVl with obfcure reccfs, to cafe the pains 
Of Jacob's race, and break their fcrvile chains; €5 I 
Such generous minds are form'd, where bleft Religion | 

Ye friends of Epicurus, look around, [reigns. 
All ntture view with marks of prudence crown'd. 
Mind the wife ends, which proper means promort ; 
See how the different parts for different ufc arc wrought; 
Contemplate all this condu6l and dcfign. 
Then own, and praife, th* Anificcr Divine. 

Regard the orbs fublime in aether l)orne, 
Which the hjue regions of the ikies adorn ; 
Compar'd with whofc extent, this low-hung balK, 75 
Shrunk to a point, is dcfpicably fmall : 
Their numl)cr, counting thofe th* unaided e5'c 
Can fee, or by invented tubes dcfcry. 
With thofe which in the advt- rfc hcmifphere^ 
Or near each pole to lands remote appear, to 

The widcd (Iretch of human thought exceeds. 
And in th' attentive mind amazement breeds : 
While thcfc ft) numerous, and lo vaft of fizc. 
In various ways roll thiough the tracklcfs (kies; 
Through eroding roads perplext and intricate, ^5 

Perform their ftagos, and their rounds IreptiA:'; * ^ ■ a 


CREATION. Booit U. f^ff 

None by collifion from their courfe are driven. 

No (hocks, no conflicts, break the peace of heaven; ' 

No (hatter'cl globes, no glowing fragments fall, 

^o worlds o'trturnM cruih this teireftrial ball f 90 

Iq beaiit^us order all the orbs advance, t 

Andy in tbcur mazy complicated dance. 

Not in one. pare of all the pathlefs iky 

Did any evei: halt, or ftcp awry, 

. iWlien twice ten titoufand men depriv'd of (ight 95 
To fomc wide yale dirc6l their footfteps right ; 
Shall there a various ftgur'd dance eilay, 
Mqvc by juft ftcps, and mqafur'd time obey; 
Shall crofs each other with unerring feet, 

.Nfvcr midake their place, and never meet; too 

Nor (hall in many years the leaft decline 
F:om the fame ground, and the fame winding line : 
Then may in various roads the orbs alK>ve, 
Without a guide, in perfc6l concord move.; 
Then beauty, order, and harmonious laws, uoj 

May not require a wife Dire6ting Caufe. 

Sec, how th' indulgent father of the day 
At fuch due c'iftance docs his beams difplay. 
That he bib heat may give to fea and land, 

fla juft degrees, as all their wants denMiidl - li« 

But had he, in th' unmeafur.tble fpace 
Of a?ther, chofen a remoter place; 
For in fiance, pleas'd with *rh at fuperior feat 
Where Saturn, or where Jove, their courfe repeat | 
Or had he happen'd farther yet to lie 115 

in tlie laprc dUl^nt quarters of the iky ; 

F 3 How 


How fad, how wild, how exqolfite a fcene 

Of dciblatioD, had this planet been f 

A wafteful, cold, untrodden wildernefs. 

The gloomy haunts of horror and diftrcft: vso 

Indead of woods, which crown the mountain's head. 

And the ga^ honours of the ▼erdant mead ; 

In (lead of golden fniics, the garden's pride. 

By genial ihowers and folar heat fupply'd ^ 

Jcelandian cold, and Hyperborean fnows^ 125 

£:emal froil, with ice that never flows, 

Unfafferahle winter, had defac'd 

Ean^'s blooming charms, and made a barren waftet 

No mild indulgent gales- would gently bear. 

On their foft wings, fweet vapours through the air, 130 

I'iie baimy fpoils of plants, and fragrant flowers. 

Of aromatk groves, and myrtle bowers,- 

Who^e odoriferous exhalations fan 

1 l.c flame of life, and recreate beaft and man ; 

But dorms, ev'iv worfe than vex Norwegian waves, 13 5. 

1 liat breed in Scythia's hills, or Lapland caves. 

Would through this bleak tcrreftrial dcfart blow. 

Glaze it with ice, or whelm it o'er wira fnow.. 

Or had the fun, by like unhappy fate, 
Elefted to the earth a nearer feat, 1^ 

His beams had cleft the hill, the valley dry'd,. 
Exhal'd the lake, and drained the briny tide: 
A heat, fupeiior far to that which broils 
Borneo, or Sumatra, Indian ides ; 
Than that which ripens Guinea's golden ore, 145- 

Or burns the Libyan hind, or tao» the Moor f '- : i 



Had laid all nature wade, and turn'd the land 

To hills of cinders, and to vales of fand : 

Nk> beads could then have rang'd the leaflefs wood. 

Nor 6nny nations cut the boiling flood { 159 

Birds had not' beat the airy road,' the fwains 

No flocks had tended on tlie rulTet plains. 

Thusy had the fun's bright orb been more remote. 

The cold had kiird ; and, if more near, the drought. 

Next fee, Lucretiaa fages, fee the fun 151 

His courfe diurnal and his annual run. 
How in his glorious race lie moves along. 
Gay as a bridegroom, as a giant flrong. 
How his unvary'd labour he repeats, 
Returns at morning, and at eve retreats; , ik9 

And, by the didribution of his light. 
Now gives to man the day, and now the nip^ht ; 
Night, when the drou'fy fwain and traveller ccafc 
Their daily toil, and footh their limbs with cafe ; 
When all the weary fons of woe reftrain 
Their yielding cares with (lumber's filken chain, 
Solace fad grief, and lull relu6iant pain. 

And while the fun, ne'er covetous of red. 
Flies with fuch rapid fpeed from ead to wed. 
In tracks oblique he through the zodiac rolls, 170 

Between the northern and the fouthern poles : 
From which revolving progrcfs through the ikies. 
The needful ieafons of the year arife. 
And as Ke now advances, now retreats. 
Whence winter colds proceed, and fummcr heats, 175 
He qualifies and cheers the air by turns, 
Which winter frcezesi and which fummcr burns. 

F 4 Thus 



I'hus Ills kiml rays the two extremes reduce, 

And keep a terrper fit for nature's ufe. 

T\\t froft and drought, by this alternate power, iSo 

The earth's prolific energy reflore. 

The lives of man and 1)ea(l demand the change 9 

Hence fowls the air, and fifh the ocean, range. 

l)f hear and cold iliis juft fucceflive reign. 

Which docs the balance of the year maintain, iSc 

71ie gardener's hope and farmer's patience props, 

Gives vernal verdure, and autumnal crops. 

Should but the fun his duty once forget. 
Nor from the north, nor from the fouth, retreat 1 
Should liot the beams revive, and footh tlie foil, 190 
McUow the furrow for the ploughman's toil ; 
A teeming vigour fliould they not diffufe, 
l-crment the glclic, and genial fpirits loofe, 
\'/hich lay imprifon'd in the (lifiFen'd ground, 
Congeai'd with cold, in frofty fetters bound j 195 

I'DTuiiful Earth her wretched fate would mourn, 
No graf s would cloaih the plains, no fruit the trees adorn. 

Dut did the lingering orb much longer (lay, 
Unmindtul of his courfc, and crooked wav j 
Tiic earth, of dews defrauded, would deteft ace 

The fatal favour of th' cfl'ulgcnt gucft ; 
To ilifiant worlds implore him to repair. 
And free from noxious beams the fultry air: 
His rays, produ£ltve now of wealth and joy, 
Wof Id then the pafture and the hills annoy, acq 

And with too great indulgence would deftroy : 
In vain the labouring h'fnd would till the land, 
Turn up the glebe, and fow his feed in fand : 



CREATION, Book If. 7^ 

The meadi would criick, in want of binding dews, 

The channels would th* exhaling river loft : 110 

While in ihcir haunts wild bcalls expiring lie, 

The panting herds would on the pafture die. 

But now the fun at neither tropick ftays 

A longer time than his alternate rays 

In fuch proportion heat and luftre give, a 15 

As do not ruin nature, hut revive. 

When the bright orb, to folacc Southern feats, 
Inverts his courfe, and from the North retreats } 
A«j he advance*, his indulgent l)eam 
Makes the glad earth with frefli conceptions tecmj 220 
Kcflores their leafy honours to the woods, 
Flowers to the banks, and freedom to the floods | 
Unbinds the turf, exhilarates the plain. 
Brings liack his laltour, and recruits the fwain 1 
Through all the foil a genial ferment fprcads, 115 

Regenerates the plants, and new adorns the meads. 
The birds on branches pcrch'd, or on the wing, "J 

At nature's verdant rcftoiation fing, f 

And with melodious lay falute the Ipring. "^ 

The heats of fummcr benefits produce a^o 

Of c(iual number, and of c(iual ufc : 
The Ipi outing birth*:, and beauteous vernal bloom. 
By warmer rays to ripe perfection come ; . 
Tlr aufterc and ponderous juices they fublime. 
Make them afcend the porous foil, and dimb 235 
The orange-tree, the citron, and the lime 1 
Which, drunk in plenty by the thirfty root. 
Break forth in painted flowcn, and golden fruit .* 




They explicate the leaves^ and ripen food 

For the filk-labourers of the mulberry wood; 249 

And the fweet liquor on the cane beflowy 

From which prepared the lufcious fugars flow $ 

With generous juice enrich the fpreading vine. 

And in the grape digefl the fprightly wine* 

The fragrant trees, which grow by Indian fioodt, 245 

And in Arabia's aromatic woods, 

Owe all their fpices to the rummer's heat» 

Their gummy tears, and odoriferous fweat. 

Kow the bright fun compa£b the precious flone. 

Imparting radiant luflre, like his own : a^o 

He tin^ures rubies with their rofy hue. 

And on the fapphir-e fpreads a heavenly blue ; 

For the proud monarch's dazzling crown prepares 

Rich orient pearl, and adamantine flars. 

Next autumn, when the fun's withdrawing ray 255 
The night enlarges, and contra£ls the day, 
To crown his labour, to the farmer yields 
The yellow treafurcs of his fruitful fields ; 
Ripens the harvcft for the crooked Accl 
(While bending ftalks the rural weapon feel) ; t6o 
The fragrant fruit for the nice palate fits, - 
And to the prefs the fwelling grape fubmits. 

At length, forfaken by the folar rays, ^ 

^ee, drooping Nature fickens and decays,* f 

While Winter all his fnowy fleres difplays, 263 J 
In hoary triumph unmolefled reigns 
O'er barren hills, and bleak untrodden plains ^ 
Hardens the glebe, the ihady grove deforms, 
fetters the floods> andi ihakes the air with dorms. 


^ 'C R E.A T I O N, Book II. ' ♦$ 

9am afiive fpiriti fn ifeftnin'd with oold, 2 70 

Aad priibMt ciiaai|^ with ice, the genud captiTes hold. 

XhttiifitA tWr^flofiwry pride no longer sra«r» 

And xxtm^uwfd tfarir naked arms in airi 

The frozen fiunowy and the fallow field. 

Nor to die fpad^ npr to the harrow, yield. 17^ 

Yet in thdr torn the fnows and fiiofts produce 
Varioal effeClst and of in^portant ufe. 
Th* intemperate heati of fummer are control'd 
By winter's rigour, and tnclemenc cold,. 
Which chedu contagious fpawn^ and noxioos fleams^ 
The fatal ofi&pring of imnxxlerate heains 1 
Th' exhaufied air with Tital nitre fills, 
InfefiioD ftops, and deaths in emhryo kills ; 
Conftnuns the glebe, keeps back the hurtful weed. 
And fits the furrow for tAus vernal feed. 285 

The fpirits ttO!W» as faid, imprifon'd ftay, 
Which elfe, by wanner fun-beams drawn awi^. 
Would roam in air, and diffipated (Iray. 
Thus^are the winter frofts to nature kind. 
Trolls, which reduce exceflive heats, and bind 290 

Prolitic ferments in refiftlefs chains. 
Whence parent earth her fruitfulnefs maintains^ 
To compafs all thcfe happy ends, the fun 
Iq winding tra^ does through the zodiac run^ 

You, who £0 much are yers'd in caufes, tellj 29 e 
What from the tropicks can the fun repel ? 
What vigorous arm, what repercuflive blow. 
Bandies the mighty globe ftill to and fro. 
Yet with fttch condu6l, fuch unerring ar^ . > 

Ke nerer did> the uacklefs road defert ? ^tJ9^ 

* ^ Whj 



Why docs he never in his fpiral race 

The tropicks or the polar circle* pafs ? 

What gulphs, what mounds, what terrours, can control 

The ruihine: orb, and make him backward roll ? 

Why (hould he halt at cither (Nation ? why 305 

f^Ot forward run in unobfbru6live iky ? 

Can he not pafs an aflronomic line } 

Or does he dread th* imaginary iign ; 

That he ihould ne*er advance to either pole» 

Nor farther yet in liquid apthcr roll, 310 

TJill he has gainM fome unfrequented place, 

Lod to the world in vad unmeafur'd fpace ? 

If to the old you the new fchools }>refcr. 
And to the fam*d CopemicUs adhere ; 
Jf ycni eftecm that fuppofition beft, 315 

Which moves the earth, and leaves the fun at reft} 
With a new veil your ignorance vou hide. 
Still is the knot as hard to l)c unty'd ; 
You change your fcheme, hut. the old doubts remain^ 
And ftill you leave th* enquiring mind in pain. 320 

This problem, as philofophers, refolve : 
What makes the g]o!>e from Weft to Eaft revolve ? 
What is the ftrong impulfive caufc declare, 
Which rolls the |H)nderous orb fo fwift in air? 
To your vain anfwcr will you have rccoujfc, 3*5 

«And teU us 'tis ingcnitc, a£^ive force. 
Mobility, or native power to move. 
Words which mean nothing, and can nothing prove ? 
That moving power, that force innate explain. 
Or your graye anfwcrs are abfurd and vain ; 330 



We no folution of our qucftion find ; 
Your words bewilder, not dire£k the mind. 

If yoUy this rapid motion to procure. 
For the hard taik employ magnetic power. 
Whether that power you at the centre place» 33 j 

Or in the middle re^ons of the mafs. 
Or elfe, as Tome philofophers aflcrt. 
You give an equal (hare to every part, 
Have you by this the caufe of motion ihown? 
After explaining, is it not unknown ? 349 

Since you pretend, hy reafon's ftriftcft laws. 
Of an effc6l to manifcd the caufe ; 
Nature, of wonders fo immcnfe a field, 
Can none more (Irange, none more myfterious yield, 
None that eludes fagacious reafon more 34.5 

Than this obfcure, inexplicable power. 
Since you the fpring of motion cannot Ihow, 
ISc juO, and faultlefs ignorance allow; 
Sav, 'tis ol)eciience to th' Almighty nod, 
'I^i\At 'tis the will, the power, the hand of God. 30 

Philofophers of fpreading fame are found, 
Who by th' attra£lion of the orbs around 
Wx>iild move the earth, and make its courfe obey 
The fun's and moon's inevitable fway. 
Some from tlte prellure and impelling force ' 55 j 

Of heavenly bodies would derive its courfe; 
Whilfl in the dark and difficult difpute 
All are by turns confuted, and confute ; 
Each can fubvert th' opponent's fcheme, but none 
Has (Irength'Of reafon to fnpport ins own. 360 

....... The 


The mtnd employ'd in fearch of fecret things, 
To find out motion's caufe and hidden fprings. 
Through all th' etherial regions mounts on high. 
Views all the fphcres, and ranges all the fkys 
Searclies the orbs, and penetrates the air 365 

With unfucccfsful toil, and fruiclefs care 1 
Till, ftapp'd by awful heights, and gulphs immenfe 
Of Wifdom, and of vaft Omnipotence, 
She trembling (lands, and does in wonder gaze. 
Loft in the wide inextricable maze. . 370 

See, how the fan docs on the middle ihine. 
And round the globe defcribe th' aequator line ; 
By which wife means he can the whole furvcy " 

With a dire£l, or with a ilanting ray, I 

In the fucceflion of a night and day. 3 75 J 

Jiad the North pole been fixt beneath the fun. 
To Southern realms the day had been unknown t 
If the South pole had gain'd that nearer feat, 
The Northern climes had met as hard a fate. 
And ilnce the fpace, that lies on either fide 3$^ 

The folar orb, is without limits wide ; 
Grant that the fun had happened to prefer 
A feat afcant but one diameter, 
lx>ft to the light by that unhappy place 
This globe had lain a frozen, lonefome mafs. 3^5 

Behold the light emitted from the fun. 
What more familiar, and what more unknown ! 
While by its fpreading radiance it reveals 
All nature's face, it (till itfelf conceals. 
See how each mom it does its beams difplay,. 390 

And on its golden wings bring back the day ! 


CREATION. Book II. 7^ 

How foon th' effulgent emanations fly 

Through the blue gulph of incerpofing iky! 

How foon their luftre all the region fills. 

Smiles on the vallies, and adorns the hilU 1 395 

Millions of miles, fo rapid is their race, 

To cheer the earth, they in few moments pafs. 

Amazing progrcfs ! At its utmoft ftretch, 

What human mind can this fwifc motion reach ? 

]3ut if, to fave fo quick a flight, you fay 40* 

The ever-rolling orb's impulfivc ray 

On the next threads and filaments does bear 

Which form the fpringy texture of the air. 

That thofe ftill ftrike the next, till to the fight 

The quick vibration propagates the light; 405 

' Tis dill as hard, if we this fcheme believe. 

The caufe of light's fwift progrefs to conceive. 

With thought from prepoffeflion free, re(ic6k 
On folar rays, as they the fight refpeft. 
The beams of light had been in vain difplayM, 410 
Had not the eye been fit for vifion made : 
In vain the Author had the eye prepared 
With fo much ikill, had not the light appeared. 

The old and new aftronomers in vain 
Attempt the heavenly motions to explain. 41^ 

Firft Ptolomy his fcheme celefHal wrought. 
And of machines a wild proTifion brought : 
Orbs centric and eccentric he prepares^ 
Cycles and epicycles, folid fpheres. 
In order plac'd; and with bright globes inlaid, ' ^xo 
To folve the toor^ by heamily bodies' tniule. 

• But 


But fo pcrplexr, fo intricare a frame. 

The latter ages uicli derii'iou name. 

The comets, wii?ch at icafons downwanl tend. 

Then uith their AamiDg cc^uipage afcenU i 425 

Venus, which in the purlieus of the I'ua 

Does now above him, now beneath liim, run ; 

The ancient {lru£^ure of tlie hearens fubvert, 

Rear'd with raft labour, but with little art. 

Copernicus, who rightly did condemn 450 

This eldeft fyflem, form'd a wifer fcheme ; 
In which he leaves the fun at rctl, and rolls 
The orb terredrial on its proper poles ; 
Which makes ihe night and day by tliis career, 
And by its (low and crooked courfe the year. 43 5 

The famous Dane, who oft' the modem guidcr. 
To earth and fun their provinces divides : 
The earth's rotation makes the night and day; 
The fun revolving through th' ecliptic way 
EfTe^fcs the various feafbns of the year, 44* 

Which in their turn for happy ends appear. 
This fcheme or that, which pleafes belt, embrace. 
Still we the Fountain of their motion trace. 

Kepler aflerts thefe wonders may be done 
By the magnetic virtue of the fun, 445 

Which he, to gain his end, tliinks fit to pUce 
Full in the centre of that mighty fpace. 
Which does the fpheres, where planets roll, include. 
And leaves him with attra£live force endued. 
The fun, thus feated, by mechasic laws, 459 

The earth and every diilaAt planet draws i 

• By 



Bf wlucfa ittnAida til the planets, found 
Witliitt hh reich, alt turn'd in tether round* 

If all theie tHOBUkg orbs the fun obey. 
Who holds hb empire by magnetic fway } 4; 5 

Since all are guided with an equal force, 
M^hy are they fo unequal in their cpurfe ? 
Saturn 'in thirty years his ring compleats. 
Which fwifter Jupiter in twelve repeats. 
Mars three and twenty months revolybg fpends ; 4(9 
The Easih in twel?e her annual journey ends. 
Venus, thy race in twice four months is run ; 
For hisy Mercurius three demands ; the Moon 
Her lerolutton fintihes in one. 
]f all at oace are mov'd, and by one fpring 1 4(5 

Why fo unequal is their annual ring ? 

If fonoe, you fay, preft with a ponderous load 
»Of graTity, move ilower in their road, 
Becanfei Widi weight encumber'd and oppreft, 
. Thefe iluggilh orbs th' attra£ti7e fun reM ; 47a 

Till you can weight and gravity e^plab, 
Thofc words are infignificant and vain. 
If planetary orbs the Sun obey. 
Why (hould the Moon dtfown his fovereign fway > 
Why in a whirling eddy of her own 475 

Around the globe terrcilrial fbould (he run ? 
This difobediencc of the Moon will prove 
The Sun's bright orb docs not the planet move. 

Philofophers may fpare their toil ; in vain 
They form new fchemes, and rack their thoughtful 

brain, 4^0 | 

Tlie caufc of heavenly motions to explain : - J 

G After 



After their various unfuccef&ful ways. 

Their fruitlefs labour, and inept ciTays, 

No caufc of thofc appearances they 'II find. 

But Power exerted by th' Bltemal Mind { 485 

Which through th«r roads the orbs cele^ial driyci. 

And this or that dctcrmin'd motion gives. 

The Mind Supreme does all his worlds cootroly 

Which by his order this and that way roll ; 

Frora liim (bey take a delegated forces 4^0 

And by his high command maintain their couife ; 

By laws decreed ere fleeting time begun, 

In their lixt limits they their milages run. 

But if the Earth, and each erratic world. 
Around their Sua their proper centre whirl'^i, 495 

Compofe but one extended vaft machine. 
And from one fpring (heir motions all begin ; 
Does not fo wide, fo intricate a frame. 
Yet fo harmonious, forereign art proclaim ? 
Is it a proof of judgment to- invent 500 

A work of fphcres ifivolv'd, which rsprefeat 
The fituation of the orbs above, 
Their fize and number (hew, and how diey move? 
And does not in the orbs themfelves appear 
A grt-ac contrivance, and oefign as clear? 505 

This wide machine the univcrfc regard, 
With how much (kill is each apartment rear'dl 
The Sun, a glol)e of fire, a glowing mafs, ?l 

Hotter than melting flinc, or fluid glafs, / 

vOf this our fyftom holds the middle place. [ 51O'' 

^ercuriu^, neared to the central Sun, 
Docs in an oval orbit circling run ; 



But rarely is the obje6l of our fight 

In foUr glory funk, and more prevailing light. 

Venus the next, whofc lovely beams adorn 5 1 

As well the dewy eve, as opening morn, 

Docs her fair orb in beauteous order turn. 

The Globe Terreflrial next, with (lanLing poles, 

And all its ponderous load, unwearied rolls. 

Then we behold bright planetary Jove 5 

Sublime in air through his wide province move ; 

Four fecond planets his dominion own, 

And round him turn, as round the Earth the Moon, 

Saturn, revolving in the highert fpherc, 

With lingering labour fmifhcs his year, 52:; 

Yet is this mighty fyftem, which contains 
So many worlds, fuch vaft etherial plains, 
But one of thoufands, which compofe the whole. 
Perhaps as glorious, and of woilus as full. 
The ftars, which grace the high expanfion, bright 530 
By their own beams, and unprecarious light. 
Though fome near neighbours fccm, and fome difplay 
United luilrc in the milky way. 
At a va(V diftance from each other lie, 
Sevcr'd by fpacious voids of liciuid rifiy, 535 

All ihcfe illuftrious worlds, and many more. 
Which by the tube afironomcrs cxpK>rc; 
Vnd millioriS which the glafs can ne'er dcfcry, 
,oft in the wilds of valt iinmcnfity ; 

re i'un^, arc centres, whofc fupcii or fway 549 

anc:s of various magnitude obey. 

If we with one clear comprchcnfivc fight 

V all ihcfc fydems, all tlicfc orbs of light ; 

G 2 If 

If we their order and dependence knew, 
Had all their motions and their ends in view, 54 5 

With all the comets which in aether Ihray, 
Yet conftant to their time, and to their way ; 
Which planets feem, though rarely they appear. 
Rarely approach the radiant fun fo near, 
•That his fair beams their atmofphere penrade, 550 

Whence their bright hair and flaming tnuns are made; 
Would not this view convincing marks impart 
Of .perfe£k prudence and (hipendous art ? 

Themaders form'd in Newton's famous fchod, 
>Who does the chief in modem fcienoe rule, 555 

£re£b their fchemes by matbematic laws. 
And folve appearances vnxh ]uft applaufe : 
Thefe, who have- Nature's (leps with care purfiiedy 
That matter is with a£tive force endued, ] 
.That all its parts magnetic power exert, 56* 

And to each other gravitate, aflfert. 
While by tliis power they on each other aft, 
They are at once attracted, and attraft. 
Lefs bulky matter therefore muft ohey 
More bulky matter's more engaging fway; 5(5 

By this the fabrick they together hold. 
By this the courfe of heavenly orbs .unfold. 
Yet thefe fagacious fons of fcience own 
Attraftive virtue is a thing unknown. 
This wondrous power, they pioufly aflfert, 570 

Th* Almighty Author did at firfl: impart 
To matter in degrees, that might produce 
The motions he defigu'd for Nature's ufe. 


pRBATION. BooKir. 

Bnc^ htt we ihould not here due revercDce pay 
ltr*]oirDed Epicaru^, fee the way 5: 

By yrtUtk this reafoner, of fuch high renowcy 
Movet through th* ecliptic road the rolKng^ fuii«> 
Oppreft with thirft and heat, to adveHe- feats 
By turnsy fays he, the panting fun retreats 
IVlUke h» drought, * his vigour to repair * 5 S 

In Ibowy cliooesy and frozen fields of air; 
Where the bright ^liiltton revels without reft* 
On lus cool banquet, and aerial feaft ; 
Still to and 6n) he does his light convey 1 

Thtough the fame track, the fame unaltered way, 585 ! 
On luxury intent, and eager of his prey. J 

But if the fun ia back and forward rolled. 
To tieat his thirfty orb with polar cold^ 
Sa/i is it notf good Epicurus, ftrange' - 
JXe^fiiould not once beyond the tropic ranges 594 

Where -hei* to quench his^rought fo much inclin'd. 
May fnowy fields, and nitrous paftures find. 
Meet {bores of cold fo greedily^ purfu'd. 
And be refrefli'd with never-waOing food I 
. K Sbmetimes this wondrous -man is pleas*d to fay, 591 
This way and that (Irong bla(l& the fun convey : 
A northern wind his orb with vigour drives. 
Till at the fouthern tropic it arrives ; 
Then, wanting breath, and with his toil oppref):, 
B^* drops his wings, and leaves the air at red ; 6cc 
Fre(h gufts, now fpringing from the fouthern pole, 
Afljult him there, and make him backward roll. 
Thus gales, alternate through x\\c zodiack bio;v . 
T]^ failing oib, and waft Mm to and fro; 

(j 3 ^??\^ 



While Eprcurus, bkfi: with thought refin'd, i9$ 

Makes the Tall globe the paflune ot the wind. 

Were it not idle labour to confute 
Notions fo .wild, unworthy of difpute j 
I M of the learned Epicurus aik. 

If this were for the winds a proper tafk } i i» 

llluftrious fage, inform th* enquirer, why 
Still from one ftated point of all the Iky 
The fickle meteor fhould the fun convey^ 
Through the fame ftages of his fpiral way ? 
Why in one path, why with fuch equal pace,* 615 
That he fhould never mifs in all his race. 
Of time one minute, or one inch of fpace ? 

Remark the ajr's tranfparent element. 
Its curious ftrufture, and its vaft extent : 
Its wondrous web proclaims the loom divine ; 62C1 

Its threads, the hand that drew them out fo fine. 
This thin cpntexture makes its bofom fit, 
Celcftial heat and luftre to tranfmit j 
By which of foreign orbs the riches flow 
On this dependent, needy ball below. 615 

Obferve its parts link'd in fuch artful fort. 
All are at once fupported, and fupport: 
The column pois'd fits hovering on our heads. 
And a foft burden on our fhoulders fpreads ; 
So the fide-ar(;Jies all the weight fuftain, 52.0 

We find no prefiTure, and we feel no pain ; 
Siill are the fubtile firings in tenfiou found, ' 

Like thofe of lutes to jufl proportion wound. 
Which of the air*s vibration is the fource. 
When it receives the flrokes of foreign fwcc. - €55 




Let curious minds, who would the air iofpc^ 
On its elaftic energy rcfleft. 
The fecret force through all the frame diffused, 
By which its firings are from compveiiiot^ loos'd ; 
The fpungy parts, now to a ftrditer feat 649 

Are forc'd by cold, and widenV now by heat j 
By turns they all extend, by turos retire. 
As Nature'^ various ferviccs require ; 
They notv expand to fill an empty fpace. 
Now ihrink. to let a ponderous body pafs. 645 

If raging winds invade the atntofpliere,^ 
Their force its curious textuire cannot tear. 
Make no difruption in the threads of air; . 
Or if it does, thofe parts themfclves reftorc. 
Heal their own wounds^ and their own breaclies curc« . 

Henee the melodious tenants of tlie iky, 
Which haunt inferior feats^ or foar on high, . 
With eafe through all the fluid region ftray. 
And through the wide expanfion wing their way j . 
Whofe open mcihes let terreftrial fleams 655 

Pafs through, enjic'd away by folar beams ; 
And thus a road reciprocal difplay 
To rifing vapours, and defcending day. 

Of heat and light, what ever-during flores, 
Brought from the fun's exhauAiefs golden fliores, Ho 
Through gulphs immenfe of intervening air, 
Enrich the earth, and every loTs repair I 
The land, its gainful trkSick to maintain, 
Sends out crude vapours, in exchange for rain; 

G 4 TIk 



The flowery garden and the verdant mead, 665 

Warm*d by their rays, their exhalations fpread. 

In ihowers and balmy dews to be repaid ; 

The (IreamSy their banks forfaken, upward movcy 

And flow again in wandering clouds above : 

Thefe regions Nature's magazines on high 670 

With all the (lores demanded there fupply ; 

Their different fteams the air's wide bofom fill. 

Moid from the flood, dry from the barren hillj 

Materials into meteors to be wrought. 

Which back to thefe terreilrial feats are brought, 675 

By Nature lhap*d to various figures, thofe 

The fruitful rain, and thefe the hail compofe, 

The fnowy fleece, and curious froft-work ; thefe 

Produce the dew, and thofe the gentle breeze : 

Some form fierce u*inds, which o'er the mountain ptfs. 

And beat with vigorous wings the valley's face ; 

O'er the wide lake and barren defart blow. 

O'er Libya's burning fand, and Scythia's fnow; 

Shake the high cedar, through the foreft fwecp, 

And with their furious breath fermei\t the deep. 685 

This thin, this foft contexture of the air 
Shows the wife Author's providential care, 
Who did the wondrous ftrufture fo contrive. 
That it might life to breathing creatures give ; 
Might reinfpire, and make the circling mafs 690 

Through all its winding channels fit to pafs. 
Had not the Maker wrought the fpringy frame 
Such as it is, to fan the vital flame. 
The blood, defrauded of its nitrous food, 
Had cool'd and IanguUh*d in th* arterial road : 69 5 


, : CREATION. Book II. f^ 

XnSU tiw tir'il beaii had fh-ore ivith fruitlefs pak 
T6 f«lh lite laey tide along the vein. 

Of what important vie to human kind^ 
1^0 whit great ends fubfenrienry is the wind ? 
Behold, where-e'er this a£live vapour flies, 700 

It drives the douds, and agitates the fties : 
This firom ftagnation and corruption faves 
TTi' aerial ocean's ever-rolling waves. 
This aninmlSy to faccour life, demand i 
For, ibould the air unventilated ftand, 795 

The idle deep corrupted would contain 
Bhie deaths, and fecret ftores of raging pain ; 
The fcopchiog fun would with a fatal beam 
B^ke all the void with births malignant team, 
Bogendcr jaundice, fpotted torments breed, 710 

And purple plagues, from peftilential feed ; 
Exhaling vapours would be turn'd to fwarms 
Of noxious infe£b, and de(hru6Hve worms, 
More than were nus'd to fcourge tyrannic lufl, 
9y Mofes' rod, from animated daft. 715 

Another blefling, which the breathing wind 
Benevolent conveys to human kind, 
Is, that it cools and qualifies the air. 
And with foft breezes does the regions cheer. 
On which the fun o'er-friendly docs difplay (a# 

Heat' too prevailing, and redundant day. 
Ye fwarthy nations of the torrid zone. 
How well to you is this great bounty known I 
As frequent gales from the wide ocean rife 
To fan your air, and moderate your ikies; 715 



So conftant winds, as well as rivers, flow 

From your high hills enrich*d with ftoi es of fnow j 

For this great end, thefe hills rife more fublimCy 

Than thofc crcfted in a temperate clime 

Had not the Author his provifion made, 730 

By which your arr is coolM, your fun allay'd, 

Deftroy'd by too intenfe a flame, the land 

Had lain a parch*d inhofpitable fand. 

Thefe diftrifts, which between the tropicks lie, 

Wliich fcorching beams dire6^1y darted fry, 735 

Were thought an uninhabitable feat. 

Burnt by the neighbouring orb's immoderate hett : 

But the frefh breeze, that from the ocean blows. 

From the wide lake, of from the moumwn faows> 

So fooths the air, ihd mitigates the fun, 740 

So cures the regions of the fultry zone, 

That oft* with Nature's bleffings they abound. 

Frequent in people, and with plenty crown'd. 

As aftive wiuds relieve the air and land, 
The fcas no lefs their ufeful blafls demand : 745 

Without this aid, the fliip would ne'er advance 
Along the deep, and o'er the billow dance. 
But lie a lazy and a ufelefs load. 
The foreft's Rafted fpoils, the lumber of the flood. 
Let but the wind with an aufpicious gale, 750 

To fliove the veflel, fill the fpreading fail. 
And fee. with fwelling canvafs wing*d, flie flies. 
And with her waving dreamers fwecps the flues I 
Th* adventurous merchant thus purfues bis way 
Or to the rifcj or to the fall of day. 755 


Thus mttraal tnffick fever'd realms maintain, 
' And manvfa^uns change to mutual gain ; 
Each others growth and arts they fell and buy, 
Safe their redundance, and their wants fupply. 

Ye Britonsi^ who the fruit of commerce find, 7^ 
How it your lile a debtor to the wind. 
Which thither wafts Arabia's fraerant fpoils. 
Gems, p^rls, and fpices, from the Indian ifles. 
From Perfia filk's» wines from Iberians (hore» 
rtmvian drugs, smd Guinea's golden ore 1 765 

Detights and wealth to fair Auguila flow 
From eveiy xegion whence the winds can Slow. 

See» how the vapours congregated rear 
Th^ gloomy columns, and obfcure the air 1 
Foi^ecfttl of tlMir gravity, they rife, 770 

Renounce the centre, and ufurp the flues, . 
Wtictc, fbrm^ to clouds, they their black lines difplay. 
And take their airy march, as winds convey. 
Sublime in air while they their courfe purfue. 
They fiom their fable fleeces ihake the dew 775 

On the parcht mountain, and with genial rain 
Renew the foreft, and refrefh the plain : 
They (hed their healing juices on the groiuid. 
Cement the crack, and clofe the gaping wound. 
Did not the vapours, by the folar heat jti 

Thinn'd and ekhard, rife to their airy feat. 
Or not in watery clouds colle6ted fly, 
Then fbrm'd to ponderous drops defert the iky; 
The fields would no recruits of moifture find, 
Bttt| by the fan-beams dry'd, and by the wind, 7^5 




Would never plant, or flower, or fruit, produce. 
Or for the hcaft, or for his mafler's ufe. 

But in the foacious climates, which the rain 
Docs never blcls (fuch is th* Egyptian plain). 
With how much art is that dcfcft fupply'd ! 799 

Sec, how fome noble river's fwelling tide. 
Augmented by the mountain's melting fnows. 
Breaks from its banks, and o'er the region flows ! 
Hence fruitful crops and flowery wealth' cnfue. 
And to the fwain fuch mighty gaii: ; accrue, 795 

Ke ne'er reproaches heaven for want of dew. 

See, tnd revere, th' artillery of Heaven, 
Drawn by the gale, or by the tempeft driven I 
A dreadful fire the floating batteries make, 
O'enurn the mountain, and the fored (hak-e-. 8oo 

Thb way and that they drive the atmofphere. 
And its wide bofom from corruption clear. 
While their bright flame confumes the fulphur trainty ' 
And noxious vapours> which infc£^ our veins. 
Thus they refine the vital element, 805 

Secure our health, and growing plagues prevent. 

Your contemplation farther yet purfue ; 
The wondrous world of vegetables view ! 
Obfervc the fbreft oak, the mountain pine. 
The towering cedar, tnd tlie humble vine, 819 

Th^ bending willow, that o'ierlhades the flood. 
And each fpontaneous offspring of the wood ! 
The o.'k and pine, which high firom eanh arife, 
Anil wav their lofty heads amidft the ikies, 
Ti.cM parent earrl- in like prcpf)rtion wound, 8 15 

Ai'A ihiou^ii crude meca!s penetrate the ground 1 


CR£ATIOK. BookU. 91 

Their ftnmg and ample root<> defcend fo deep. 
Tint fixt and fina they may their flation keep, 
AiuLdis fiarae Aockt of furious windi defy, 
Widi all die outrage of inclement iky. tao 

But the bale brier and the noble vine 
Thdr arms around their ftronger neighbour twine. 
The qi^ng ivy, .to prevent its fall, 
' Clingi with its fibrous grapples to the walL 
iThua are the trees of every kind fecure, S15 

Or by thrit own, or by a borrowed power. 
'Bat every tree froov all its branching roots 
Amidft the glebe fmall hollow fibres fteota-i 
Wluch drink with.thirfly mouths the yital juice, 
'^And to the limbs and leaves their food diffufe : S30 
•Pbealiar i^ofcs peculiar juice receive, 
*To4luf deny, 'to tliat admittance give. 

Hencci variottt trees their various fruits produce 
,So— fbr»daligjttfiil taile, and ibme-for ufe. 
-Hence fprouring plants enrich the pUun and wood, 835 
.'Poi' phyfick fome, and fome deiign'd for food. 
Hence fragrant flowers, with different colours dy'd, 
.On fmiling meads unfold their gaudy pride. 

Ueview thefe numerous fc^nes, at once Airvey 
Nature's extended face ; then,' fcepticks, fay, I40 

In this wide field of wonders can you fixid 
•No art difoover'd>- and no end defign'd ? 

»«5 CREA. 

t ^4 3 



THE introduftion. Ufeful knowledge firfl purfued 
by man. Agricukure. Archite6kUre. Sculpture. 
Painting. Mu'ick. The Grecian PhiloCophers firft 
engaged in ufclcfs fpcculations. The ahfurdity of 
allemng the felf-exilknt, independent, and eternal 
being of atoms, according to the fcheme of Epicurus. 
Anfwcr to the objeftions of Atheifts to the fcheme of 
Creation afTertcd in the two former books. The 
objc£lions brought by Lucretius againd Creation* 
from the neceility of pre-exiftent matter for tlic for- 
mation of all kinds of beings j from the pretended 
unartful contrivance of the world j from thorns, 
buers, and noxious weeds ; from lavage beafts, 
ftorms, ;hunder, difeafes ; from the pataful birth 
and the ihort life of man ; frpm the incqualityof 
heat and cold in diHcrcnt climates ; ahfwered. ' The 
objcftions of the Pyrrhonians, orScepticks, anfwercd. 
A reply to thofc who alTert all things owe xheir be- 
ing and their motions to nature. Th^ir difien^DC 
and fcnfeJels account of that word. More apparent 
and eminent (kill and wifdom ex, reffed in the works 
of nature than in thole of human art. The unrca- 
Ibnablcncls of denying Ikill and defign in the Au- 
thor of thofe works. Vaninus, Hobbcs, and Spi- 
Dofa, contid:;red. 



77 RE vain Philofophy had rear'd her fchool, 
•'-^ Whofc chiefs imaging realms of fcicnce rule. 
With idle toil form vifionary fchcmcs, 
And wage eternal war for rival dreams ; 
Studious of good, man difrcgarded fame, ,5 

And ufefv^l knowledge was his elded aim : 
Through metaphyfic wilds he never flew, 
Nor the <Urk .haunts of fchool chimaeras knew. 
But had alone his happinefs in view. 

He milk'd the lowing herd, he prqfs'd the checfc. 
Folded the jSock, and fpun the woolly fleece. 
In urns the bees delicious dews he lay'd, 
Whofc kindling wax invented 4ay difplayM ; 
Wrcfted tbcir ironentrjjuls from the hills. 
Then with theifpoils his glowing forges. fills; ' 15 
And Ihap'djv^ith vigorous flrokes the ruddy bar 
To rural arms, .uaconfcious yet of war. 
He made the ploughfliare in the furrow fhinCy 
And,l69rn'd,tp (aiy/ his bread, and plant his vine. 
j(^ow adorn'd the garden beds, 10 

And fruitful trees ^ot up their branching heads ; 
Rich balm from groves, and herbb from grady plains. 
His fever. fppth'd, or heal'd his wounded Veins. 

Our fathers ;ic.xt, in architefture Ikill'd, 
Cities for.ufe, and. forts f()r fafety, build : 25 

Then palaces and lofty domes arofe, 
Thcfe for devotion, and for picafure thofe. * 

Their thoughts were next to artful fculpture turn'd. 
Which now the palace, now tlic dome adorn'd. 

4 The 


96 B L A C K M O R E ' S POEMS. 
The pencil then did growing fame acquire, 
Tlicn was the trumpet heaid, and tuneful lyre; 
One did the triumph fing, and one the war infpire. 

Greece did at length a learned race produce. 
Who needful fcience njoclc'd, and arts of ufc, 
Confum'd their fruitlefs hours in eager chace ^5 

Of airy notions, through the boandlefs fpace 
Of fpeculation, and the darkfome void. 
Where wrangling wits, in cndlcfs ftrife employ'd. 
Mankind with idle fubtilties embroil, 
And fafliion fydems with romantic toil } 4* 

Thefe with the pride of dogmatizing fchoolt 
Impos*d on nature arbitrary rules ; 
Forc'd her their vain inventions to obey, 
And move as learned frenzy traced the way : 
Above the doads while they prefam'd to foar^ 45 

Her tracklefs heights amlxtious to explore. 
And heaps of undigefted volumes writ, 
Illuilve notions of fantaflic \\4t ; 
So long they nature fearch'd, and marked her laws. 
They loft the knowledge of th* Almighty Caufe. 50 

Th' erroneous di£^ates of each Grecian fage 
Renounced the do^rines of the eldeft age : 
Yet thefe their matchlefs fcience did proclainv 
Ufurp diftin6Hon, and appropriate fame. 

But though their fchools produced no nctbler fruit 55 
Than empty fchemcs, and triumphs of difpute j 
The notions which arifc from Nature's light 1 

As well adorn the mind, as guide her right, V 

Enhrge her compafs, and iNODpiovc her fight. ^ 



Tliefe ne'er tlie breaft with vain ambition fire, £a 

But ban lib pride, and made ft cho^jghts itifpire- 
By her informed, wc ]^\c[t idigion learn. 
Its glorio\is ohjeft hf licr aid difcern i 
The rolJing utjrlds Jirouncl u» we furve^^, 
Tb' akcrniic fuv^crcigns of the night and day j 6^5 

• View tbc wide tart]i adorned witb bills and woods, 
I llidi in her lienU, and fertile by ber flixids f 
^ Walk through the deep apsinincnts of the maijii ^ 

P^ Afcend the air to viht clouds and rain 1 

VVjid, while we mvilh'd g^ize on Natiirc^s face, rg| 

Remark ber (irder, an s. her motions trace. 
The long cobcieot cha.n of things we find 
l^zdi ti) a Caufe Supreme, a wire Cixating Mind* /^ 
Y"oUi who die being of a; God difclainit J 

'iAnd think mere Ciiance ptoduc^d this wondrous fraraej 
Tlay, did you e'er rcHcftj Lucretian tribe. 
To matter what perfections you alcrihe i" 
Cao you to dufl fuch Tcneration fliow? 
An atom with fuch privilege endow, 
Xbat from its nature's pure oecefbry S^l 

It Ihoutd cxift, and no conuption fee ? 

Siocc your hrft atoms independent are, 
Aad not each oilier*s being prop and bear. 
And fince to this it iii foituitous 

That orlicrs Aouid exitUnce have i fuppufe S5 

You in your iuind one atoin Ihould remove 
%om all tlt« troops, that in the vacant ftrovc, 
Cunoot out thought conceiire one atom kfs .^ 
* h, you Grecian i igcs myft coufefs 
:.,• H TKit 



Tsjt r'jrrrr, vkSch yoc iacercsdcst aaHBe^ 
(Uzzjcx. 2 seine =ccsCarT cLara ; 

For "aFiiac has beta? hum aeotmcf, 
I: » impexTb^e k AoaU not be. 

Wtkj hjs aa aBoa cLii ooe plaoe poOcft 
or ai: Ihe cmpEf wM, aarf aot rke left ? 
It br irs nanre's Axce 'ti« rteienc here, 
Bt die fame ikxce :t mstt be ercTT wfaeie ; 
Caa bei^i be Gocfin'J, wbivh nccc tiaiy aie ? 
Jf a firft bodj roar to any place 

Kcooc (^csennin'dy io tlie bomiKiicrs fpace, io« 

Tis plaia* it tnen may aUcac be finm all | 
Who then will this a ielt-csiftcnce call i 
As time does raft eternity legaid. 
So p!ace :s with icttBitcde compai'd : 
A hdog then, which nercr did couwimcg^ sec 

Mull, as eternal, likewife be in»iiiei:re. 
"What caufe withiRt or what iviihout, b iisimdy 
That can a bcicg uccrezrcd ? 
None til at 's internal, for it has oo ciufe ; 
Vor can it lie contrord by foreign Iau-5, hq 

For then it clearly would ilc|x:ct:er.t be 
On force fuperior, which will ne'er agree 
With fclf-exifttncc and necelljty. 
Abfurdly then to atoms you alfign 
Such powers, and fuch prerogatives divine. ne 

Thus while the notion of a God you flight, 
Yourfelvcs (who vainly think you reafon right) 
Make vile material Gods, in number iotinite. 

Now let u?, as 'tis juil, in turn prepare 
To Aand the foe^ and wage dcfcnfive war. lao 







Hl[>to [he ^ttU, and hb owii triumph fmgs^ 
■ He bringf, C9 make as tixttn our ground retincy 
The reaforjer^s we^ponSf and the po«t'$ fire. 
The tuneful fophift thus his battle forms, U] 

Our bulwarks thus in poiifh'd armour {lorm^S ; 

To parent matter things their bting owe, 
Bccaufe from nothing no prod u£l ions flow | 
And, if wc f^ttiy/i no prc-cxtftent feed, 
Tliiugs, different things, from what they do, might { 

And any thing from tiny thing proceed j 
The Tprcv grovij^ might Scythta's liJlU adom, 
Tlie thiftle mrght rhc amaranth liavc borne, 
Tha vine the Leman^ and the grape the thorn i 
Herds from the hilU, men f(om the fcas might rife, 13.5 
. From woocj^ the wlialcs, and lions from the fkies. 
Tb' elated hard iierc^ \^ith a cooquerpr's air, 
DiMamful Imile^ ind bids hi& foes dd pair. 
MmIj Caru^j here you ufe poetic cbarm^. 
And noc alfail u^ sviih the reafoticr'ts arms. 14^ 

VVhcie all is clear, yo^ fancy *d doubts remove, 
And whai we grant with cafe, with labooir prove. 
What you would prove, but cannot, yoQ decline j 
But chufe a thmg you can, ami there yon fliit^t* 

Tell Hi, fatn'd Eomatt, was it e'er dented, 145 

That feeds Ibr fuch produ£tions are fupplietl } 
That Nature always mufl materiah find 
For beai^s and trees, to propagate their kind ? 
All generation, the rtide peafant kno\V3, 
fl pte-ejciflcut mattir mufl f^ippofe. 1 ^o 

H f But 

te« B L A C K M O R E'S P O EMS. 

But what to Nature firft her being give ? 

Tell, whence your atoms their exiftcnce hive? 

We a(k you, whence the feeds condituent fpring 

Of every plant, and every living thing ? 

Whence every creature ihould produce its kind, ^5^ 

And to its proper fpecics be confinM ? 

To anfwer this, Lucretius, will require 

More than fwect numbers and poetic fire 
' But fee how well the Poet will fupport 

His caufe, if we the argument, retort. . 1^ 

If Chance alone could manage, fort, divide. 

And, beings to produce, -your atoms guides 

If cafual concourfe did the world compoTe^ 

And things, from hits fortuitous arofe; 

Then any tlurg might come from any thing; - s€5 

l^or how from chance can con(hu)t order fpring ? 

The ibreft f>ak might bear the bhilhing rofe^ 

And fragcact myrtles thrive in Ruflian fnows 1 

The fair pomegranate might adorn the pine. 

The grape the bramble, and the iloe the vine ; r70 

Fi(h from the plaint, birds from the floods might rife. 

And lowing herds break from the (larry ikies. 

But, fee, the diief does keener weapons chufe. 
Advances bold, and thus the fight renews : 

** If I were doubtful of the fource and fpring 175 
' " Whence things..arire, I from the ikies could bring, 
". And tvcry part of Nature, proofs, to ihow 
*« The world to Gods cannot its being owe 5 
^ So full of faults is all th' unartful frame : 
** Firit wexhc air's unpeopled defcrt blame. x4e 



*»^ruit: beads pjifefs the bill* and ihatly wouJ j 

" Mucli do tilt: laki:£j bur more the ocean's AocmI'. j 

** ( Winch fevers realms^ and fhores dividtid leaves), 

** Take from the lar<i by iatcrpourjf^ waves ; 

^^ On« durdf by freezing cold and buraing hc^t, 185 

" Lies a deform^c^ iniiol pi table feat 1 

'* The reft, u n labour 'd, would by assure breed ■ 

" Wild bradiblc^ only, ami the noxious weed,- 

" Did tioi induHrious man, with endlcfs toll^ 

** ExE:art his food from the reiu£l^nt foil j 190 

** Did not the t^rmct's flccl the furrow wound, 

*' And harrows tear the harvcft frotn the ground, 

** Tlic tauh would no fpontaneous fruits ^ftord 

** To man I her Viiin imaginary Lord, 

** Oft', wbca the labouring hiiid has plouth'd the field, 

" And forc'd the glebe unwillingly to yicid, 

** When green and .very Nature crowtis; bis hope 

*' With the gay pro Je of a plenteous crop, 

*• The fruits (fad ruin !} perilh on the grcuml* 

'* Burnt by the Sun, or by the deluge tlrownV! ; io» 

^' Or foon decay, by Inows im mod crate chilFdi 

** By winds are blafled, or by lightning killed* 

*' Nature, beijdcs, ihti fivage btafl fnftains, 

" Breeds in the hills the terror of the plain?, 

** To man a fatal race* Could this«bc fo, 105 

•* Did graciouii Gods difpofe of thing* bcto*v ? 

" Tticir proper pl;icnir^; vvlrh annual feafom come, 

** And deaths untimely blad us in the bloom. 

*' Man at his birth (unhappy fon of grief !) 

** %% helplf fs call on the wide coafls of life, ^ 210 

*,. H.3 ; In 


•* In want of all things whence our comforts flow ? 

** A fad and moving fpcftacle of vroe, 

** Infants in ill-prefaging cries complain, 

** As confcious of a coming life of pain. 

•• All things meantime to beafts kind Nature grants/ 

** Prevents their fuflferings, and fuppHes their W2mt$ ; 

«* Brought forth with cafe, they grow, and (kip, ancf 

** No dangling nurfc, or jrngVinc!: gewgaw, need; [fecd*^ 

*« In caves they Turk, or o'er the mountains nmgc, 

••^Nor ever through the year their garment change j iso 

" Unvers'd in arms, and ignorant of war, 

*• They need no forts, and no invafion fear; 

** Whatever they want, from Nature's hand they gain t 

" The life (he gave, fhc watches to maintain." 

Thus impotent in fenfe, though ftrong ta vage^ lij 
The daring Roman does the Gods engage t 
But undifmay*d we face th' intrepid foe^ 
Suflam his onfet, and thus ward the Mow- 

Suppofe defers in this terrcftrial feat, 
That Nature i« not, as you urge, compleatf ij* 

That a divine and wife Anificer 
Might greater wonders of Ms art confer,. 
And might with cafe on man, and man's abode. 
More bounty, more perfefHon, have beifcwM ; 
If in this lower world he has not (hown 135 

His utmoft (kill, f^y, has he therefore none ?" ."^ 
We in productions arbitrary fee 
Marks of per5e6^ion, different in degree. 
Though mafters now more fkill, now lefs impart^ 
yet arc not all their works the works of art ? r^o 

7 Do 



'"Do poets ftill fuUiiincr fubjefta (ingf 
Sdli Art tell to HtavcD 3 bqld afpirbg wing. 
Nor e'er dcfi:end to flock h and kbouTing fwams. 
Frequent tliC floods, or raiieje the humble plains P 
Did, Grcrian Phitiiss, dl thy pieces; fliinc 143 

With eqtial beauty r or, Apdks, tb'me ? 
Or Raphael's pencil never chufe to fall > 
Say^ arc hi$ woiks Transfignrationi all? 
Did B^onovota never build, O Romft 
A meaner flrij£tarc, ihan ihy wondrous dome? 250* 
Though, in tlic'r wcMk*s spplnudtd a,^ their beft. 
Greater iTefi^^n find genms arc fKpre{>, 
Yet is there nunc acknovvkdg*d in tlie refl? 

Tn all the pirtt of Nature'^ fjjacious fphere 
Of arr, ten thou fa nd miracle? appear: 1^^ 

And will yon not the Author's fkil'l adore, 
Becauft: you think he might di [cover more ? 
You ow*n a warcli rh* invention of the miudj 
Though for a fingle mm-ion *ih defigrn'd 
At well a» thati which is with greater thought, 260 
With various fprings, far various motions wraught. 

An indepehdcht, wife, and confcious Caufc, 
Who freely a6b by arbitrary laws. 
Who at cocmexion and at order aims, 
Cceavures didinguiOl'd ih perfe^lion frames. 265 

Unconfckms caufes only ildll impart 
Their lumoft Ikill, their utmod power exert. 
Thofe, which can freely chufe, difccrn, and know, 
Jo i£UBg can degrees of vigour ihow, 
vASid more cw left of art or care bedowr a7e J 

H 4 If 



If all perfe6bion were in all things (howBy 
All beauty, all variety, were gone. 

As this inferior habitable feat 
By ditferent parts is made one whole compleat i -. 
So our h>w world is only one of thofe^ ^TS- 

Which the capacious univerfe compofe. 
Now to the univerfal whole advert ; 
The earth regard as of that whole a ptrt^ 
In which wide frame more noble worlds abound i 
Witnefs, ye glorious orbs, which hang tronnd, iSo - 
Te ihining planets, that in aether ftray, 
And thou, bright lord and ruler of the day I 
Witnefs, ye ftars, which. beautify the {kie% 
How much do your yafi globes in height and' Bso$t 
In. beauty and magnificence, outgo • tSj- 

Our ball of earth, that hangs in clouds below ! 
Between yourfelves too is diilixidion foundy 
Of different bulk, with different glory crownMi 
The people, which in your bright regions dwell, . 
Muft this low world's inhabitants excel! ; xf^ 

And, iince to various planets they. agree, 
They from each pther muft diltinguilh*d be, I ; 

And own perfcftions different in degree, J 

When we on fruitful Nature's care refle£b, 
Atid her exhauftlefs energy refpcft, 195 

That ftocks this globe, which you Lucretians call 
The world's coarfe drpgs, which to the bottom fall. 
With numerous kinds of life, and bounteous fills 
With breathing guefts the vallies, floods, and hills ; 
We may pronounce each orb fuflains a race 300 

Of living things adapted to the place. 


Were all tlie ftars, tliofe beauteous realms of Hght, 
.Ac diflancc only hung to (bine by mght, 3 

"Book ILI, z§f- 
Were the refulgent p^rts and nrioft refin'd 
Only to ferve the dark, and bafe defign*d ? 


And with their twinkling beams to ple^fe our. fight J J 

How many roll in aether, which the eye r^ 

Could ne'er, till aided by the glafs, defcry, 

And which no cotnmerce with the earth maintain ? 

Are all thofc glorious empires m^de in vain.^ ^1^ ^ 

Now J as I ikidf the globe terrcffcrial view 
As of the whole a part, n mean one 100^ 
Though 'tis Jiot like ih' Betheiial worlds tefiny, 
Yet is tt juft, ami finjfh'd in its kind | 
Has all perfe^ion which the plate dematids,* 3^5' 

Wlicre in coherence with the reft it ftands, 
Were to your view the nniverfc difplay'd, 
And all the fcenes of nature open laid ^ 
Gould you their place, propomon, harmony. 
Their beauty, order, and dependence, fee, ^^f 

YouM grant our globe had all the marks of art, 
AH the perfc£iion due to fuch a part^ 
Though not with luftre, or. with magnitudfrj 
like the bright flars, or brighter fun, endued. 

You ofc''declaim -on- man's unhappy fate ; 325* 
Ifafolting, oft' demand in this debate^ 
If the kind Gods could fuch a wretch create } 

But whence can this unhapp^nefs arife ? 
You fay, as foon as born, he helplefs lies,. 
And mourns his woes in ill-pre£aging aries. 330'. 

But does not Nature for the child prepare 
The parent's love, the nurfe's tender care. 




Enfold liis liiBlK a Ihc^ adftlllHfvasiriAfbirf? 
Tlutflusisfnvl aadaonaly it cohM; 335 

CottwlfioBft ndJL hit ■o^vt* aad caves las tKifti 
Bit icing fife it dMcTd W nvcMi^ pni 
Thfoog^ all itt 4 mMu m tl» ^ 
M^xliia InalUf ke tee Mbi 
Aad tBcnt mtM i» Irii IwiU fcrft} ^fi 

' Bjf cruel i^iJfHSy s^ tne nva^ ucjR^ 
Or nsuvu fieiccr psflnas^ ne\ oppicft; 
How biradiet mal^ntat jir« soir poifoa drib&s { 
By gndnal deadly or by mmDcU, ftikt. 

But dicfc ckjcEkin win£t die Cnife afihrtidlj 34^ 
TtohasBStflMftrittao iamioftil om^i 
Vor, if be oMe draft fcd die 6cil blov. 
It ic of gruK ispomBe «lffii, or iMNT ? 
Shoakl die Lwc>cri»l i tt g ei i« g life iiid T i i i 
Tbroogh franiennis agct, ignnniit cf fi^ ffi 

idll might the difeontented mu mi n rer err. 
Ah, ha^left f au of man ! ah, wretch, doom*d once to £e f 
But oh t bow fooD would yeuy who thus cott^m. 
And Natf itre's Caofe of crudry arraig:o. 
By rcafon't ftandard thit miAake corred, ^55 

And ceafe to murmur, did yoo ontt refied^ 
That death removes us only from our fcar, 
Does not extioguifli life, but change its ftate» 
Then ate difplay'd (oh ravifliing furprizc !)■ 
Fair fcenes of blifs, and trmmphs in the Ikits f 
To wliich admitted, cadi ftiperior mind,- 
^y vlnue's vital encigy refin'd|. 



o N, Ho ex Trr. tof 

Shines fonh witli more tli^n folsr glory brlgh*, 
And, cIcMithM with robes of beatific light, 
Hii hours irt licavcnly tr an f ports docs empltjy't J 6 5 

Youn^ with immurtal bloom from living ilretim^ of joy. 

You aflt u^, wKy the foil the rliiflk breeds I 
V/hv its fporrrar.cous bi nhs arc cbfifhs and weetls ? 
Why for thu hsrveft it tbe borrow needs } 
The Atithor miv^hi a nolil^r world have made, 3 70 ^ 
In iiri-ghr^r tlrcf'? the hfHs and vaTcs array'il, 
AnJ a'l U!i face w 6cuvery fcenc? difplay'dj 
TTic glebe unrtli'd mi^lu p!enccoii<i crops hare bornep 
And brought forth fpky ja^oves irsftcad of thorn j 
Rkh fruk atid flowtrs without the- gartkncr's p«in* 375, 
Might every hill hare crown'd, hare honoured all th* 
Thi^ Nature might ha\x boafted^ bad the Mind^[ plaint) 
Who formM the fpaciou? univerEe, defignM 
That man, from laboor free as well as gthff * 

Should paf^ in la^v luxurv his life. jSo 

But He bi^ creature *^ave a Uixtk foil,. 
Fcrtilt, hut not without the owner's tolT ; 
That fome rewariJ hi^ induflry ihould crown^,. 
And that hh fooil in part might be his own* 

But while, inruhing, you arraign the land, ySj 

Afk, why it wADts the plough^ or hbottver's liand > 
Kind to the hwrbfc rodis, you nc*cr cofrnpiain 
That they wkhout the itulptor*s fltilt and paia 
No pcrfeft Ame yield, no bafie relierc^ 
Or finiih*d cdunra for rhe palace give ; ^o 

Yet if from hifh^ unl^wur'd figures cam^^. 
Biiaa mighc hairceafe enjoy'd^ thoughUiStei- fafWe. 


You may the world of more defe^ upbraud : 
That other works by Nature are unmade $ 
That (he did- never at her own expence- 39$ 

A palace rear, and in munificence 
Oat-rival arr»-to grace die ftately loomt $ 
That ibe no oidUe buildsy no lofty domes* . 
Had Natmc's band theie varioos works prepared,. . . . 
What tbougbkfiil care, what labour, hadbeen ^r'dl ' 
But then no>realm would one great roafter ihowt 
Ko Phi£as Greece, and Rome no Angelo^^ 
With equal xeafon too you might demand, . 
Why boats and ihips require the Artifty hand ? 
Why generous Nature did not thefe provide, -. .40$ 
To pafs the ftanding lake, or flowing tide i 

Tou fay the hills, which high in air arife, . . 
HArboor in doudsf and mingle yfkh. the ikies. 
The earth^s-diihonoar and encumbering load. 
Of many fpacious regions man defraud. 
For beads and birds of prey a defolate abode. 
But can th' obje£lor no convenience find 
In mountains, hills, and rocks, which gird and bind - 
The mighty frame, that clfc would be disjoined? 
Do not thofe heaps the raging tide reftrain, 41$ 

And for the dome atfbid the marble vein? 
Does not the river from the mounta'm flow, . 
And bring down riches to the vale below ? 
See, how the torrent rolls the golden fand 
From the high ridges to the flatter land. 419 ' 

The lofty lines abound with endlefs (lore - 
Of mineral creafursi and metallic ore | 


e. J. 


-•^C R E A T 1 O N. Book TIL 

' TVith precious veins of filver, copper, tin, 
Wttiiout hnw Jaarrcn, yet how rich within ! 
They bear the pine, the oak and cedar yidd, 

* To form tlic pdace, ans-l the navy build. 
"When the indemtnt meteors you accufc. 
And alk. if gracious Goda would flormj; produce; 
^You ne'er reflc£t, that by the (hiving wind 
The air from noxious v.ipeurs is rc6n*d, 

' Freed from the putrid feeds of pain and death, 

' That living creatures might rj3t, by thtrii- breath. 
Through their warm veins, inilcad of vital food, 
DifpcrTe contagion J and corrupt their bloo*!, 
Whhout the wind the fhip were made in vain, 435 
Ailventurous merchant* could not crofs the main, 

' Not feyer*d real mis their gainful trade triaintain. 
Then with this wife reftettion you diflurb 
Your anxious thought, that our terteftml orb 
In many .pares is not by man laolFeftj 
With too much hear, or too much cold, oppnefU 
But in mi {lake you this obje£tion found j 
TJnnumher'^ ifles and fpacious tra£h of ground, 
.Which feel the fcorchtng futi% di renter beam. 
And did to you inhof pi table fccm. 
With tawny nacion^^ or with black, nboutid, 
With noble riversi hv'd, with plenty crown'd ; 
And regions too from tlic brigh; orb remote 
lAxe peopled^ which you utifrcqucnted chougltti 

But could Lucrettug on the fun tcd^ft. 
His proper diftance from the earth refpe£t, 
Obferve his cotiftant road, his cc^aal pacc^ 
Hts round diutnal, and liis annual race ; 










Could he regard the nature oftlie li^^ <« 

Its beauteous luilre, aod its rapid flighty 45 5 r 

And its relation to the fcBfe of fight ; J 

Could he to all thcfe Biracles advcct. 

And not in all perceive one ilnike of an ? 

Grant, that the motions of the fun are fuch. 

That fome hare light too little, fome too mudi t 4fe 

Grant, that in difierent tracks he might have rofi'd^ 

And given each clime rooie equal lieat and coldf 

Yet view the levolotions, as they avBy 

Does there no wifdom, no deiign, appear? 

Could any but a knowing, prudent Caufe^ ^ 

Begin fuch motions, and aflign fuch laws } 

If the Great Mind bad forro'd a diflfbvnt frame^ 

Might not your wanton wit the fyftem blame ? 

Though here you all perfedion ihoald not find^ ^ 

Yet is It all th' £tcmal Will dtfign'd : 470 > 

It is a 6niih'd World, and perfe6^ in it^ kind. J 

Not that its regions every charm include, 

With which celeftial empires are endued ; 

Nor is confummate goodncft here conferr'd. 

If we perfe£lion abfolute regard; 4/73 

But wliat *s before aderted, we repeat. 

Of the vaft wliole it is a part compleac 

But fiQce you are difpleas'd the partial fun 
Is not indulgent to the frigid zoacxi 
Suppofe more funs in proper orbits roll'd, 489 

Diflblv*d the fnows, and chac'd the polar cold| 
Or grant thapthis revolv*d in fuch a way, ^ 

As equal heat to all he might convey, > 

And give their diiUnt poks the ihaie cf dayi ) 


Boojc 11 L III 
Obfcrre how prudent Nature's icv Ivoardy 4^5 

With ill her nitrou* florci, would he devourM j 
Tiicrt would gnbalanc'd heat licentious f^jgrxp 
Crack the tlry hill^ and chap the tulTct plain j 
Her moillvire all exhal4, the cleaving earth 
Would yiM no fr«it, and bear no verdant birth. 4<^9 

You of the pooh and fpacious lakes complain, 
And tjf the liquid dcfcTts of the main. 
As hurtful thufe, or ufekfs, you arraign. 

Be fides the pUafurcj which the lakes aflfbrd, 
Ar* not thtir waves with fifh dtlkious ftor'd } 495 

Docs not die wide capacious deep the fky 
Wiih dewy clouds^ the eanh with rain, fupply ? 
Do not the rivers^ wlitch the valley lave, 
Creep through the fecrct fubterranean cavCt 
And to the hills convey the refluent wave ? jco 

You ihtn mull: own, the earth the ocean needs. 
Which thus the lake rccrui:?, the fcjuntain feeds* 

The noxious plant and favagc animal. 
Which you the trardi'^ reproach and blemiOi cailp 
Are ufcfui various wayi j if not fbr foo^l, ^c< 

For minufa£lure$ or for medkine ^ood* 
Thui we repel with leafon, not evaile, 
The bold obje£lion!» by Lucr<:tias m^de. 

Hyrrhoniaus next, of like ambitious aim, 
Wiinton of wit, and panting after fame, jm 

Who drove to fink the feOs of ciiiuf renown. 
And on thetr ruin'd khouls to raife their own. 
Boldly prcfum^d, with rh^cotician pride, 

hold of any r^^tfUg^ eUbcr iide. ^^ ^ 



They thought, in every fubjcft of debate, 515 

In eihcr fcale the proof of equal weight* 

Afk, if a God exiftent they allow ? 
The vain declaimers will attempt to (how. 
That, whether you renounce him, or aflerr, 
Tliere 's no 'Superior proof on either part. ^i% 

Suppofe a -God, we raud, fay they, conclude 
He lives ; if fo, he is with fcnfe endued; 
Arid, if with fcnfe -endued, may pain perceiTe, 
And what can fuffer- pain- may ceafe t3 live* 

Pyrrhonians, we a living God adore, .5^$ 

An unexhaufted fpring of vital power ; 
But his immortal, uncreated life 
No torment feels, and no deilruftivc grief. 
Daes he by diiferent organs tade or hear? 
Ot by an eye do things to him appear ? 530 

Has he a mufcle, or extended nerve, 
Which to impart or pain or pleafure fervc ? 
Of all pcrfe6tion,poffible poflcft, 
He finds no want, nor is with woe oppreft. 
TJiough we can ne'er explore the life divine, . 535., 
And found the blcft abyfs by rcafon's line. 
Yet 'tis not, mortal man, a tranfient life, like thine. 

Others, to whom the whole mechanic tribe 
With an harmonious fympathy fubfcribe. 
Nature with empire univerfal crown, 540 

And this high queen the world's Creator own. 
If you what builder rear*d the world demand, 
They fay 'twas done by Nature's powerful hand ; 
If whence its order and its beauty rofe, 
nature, they fay, did fo the frame difpofe ; 545 



C'R^E A TT O N. BooicIU. iij 

It its ileady raotiont doermunttin, 
oldt of caiifet ind cflfeflrthc dino, 
1 her works this Sovereign* Caufe preTides, 
Is the orbs, and all their tnotions guides. 
her bounty we fuch bleflings owei 55« 

nerous Bcnefador let us know. 
the word Nature you exprefs, declare, 
in your minds what image does appear ? 
u that term of doubtful found explain ? 
: no idle off-fpring of the brain ? 55-5 

times by Nature your enlighten'd fchool 
of things the univerfal whole 1 
nes it is the order, that conne£^s. 
Ids the chain of caufes and effe^s ; 
nes it is the manner, and the'\yay, j6o^ 

:h thofe caufes do their force convey, 
efft£k% their energy .difplay. 
e »s the work itfelf, you oft* •aflcst, 
th' artificer^ as oft' the art ; 
, that we may Naturc'clearly trace, 565 

your marks di(lin£i:ly know her face ; 
3W the building, now the archite^, 
^ the rule which does his hand dirc6b. 
let diis emprefs be whatever you pleafc 1 
be all, or any one of tliefe { 57» 

ith reafon, or (he 's not, endued : 
he fird affirm, we thence conclude 
whofe Being you oppofe, you grant : 
this miglity queen does reafon want, 
jld this noble fabric be deiiga^, 575 

lion'd by a Maker brute and blind } 

I CouU 




Could ir of art fucli miracles invent, 
And raife a beauteous world of fucb extent? 
Still at the helm does this dark pilot ftand, 
And with a fteady, never-erring hand, 580 

Steer all the floating worlds, and their fet courfe 
command ? 

That clearer ftrokes of mafterly defjgn, 
Of wife contrivance, and of judgement, Ibinc 
In all the parts of Nature, we afl'ert. 
Than in the brighteft works of human art : 585 

And (hall not thofe be judg'd th' ctfe6i: of thought. 
As well as thefe with fkill inferior wrought ? 
Let fuch a fphere to India be convey'd, 
As Archimede or modern Hugens made ; 
Will not the Indian, though untaught and rude, 5^9 
This work th' eflfe^l: of wife defign conclude ? 
Is there fuch Ikill in imitation fhown ? 
And in the things, we imitate, is none ? 
Are not our arts, by artful nature taught, 
With pain and careful obfervation fought ? 595 

Behold the painter, who with Nature vies : 
See his whole foul exerted in his eyes ! 
He views her various fcenes, intent to trace 
The maftcr lines, that form her finifli\l face : 
Are thought and conduft in the copy clear, 600 

While none in all th* original appear ? 

Tell us, what maftcr, for mechanicks famM, 
Has one machine fo admirably fram'd. 
Where you will art in fuch perfc61ion grant, 
As in a living creature, or a plant ^ 6«$ 


. ^I^IKtA T i^N.. Book III. n^ 
K» wlitt corioat^fKorll^maofhip can vie 

R)f«IimmI'^%)^, or eye? 
can lor iuil atmach spplaufe dderre, 
e fine ecxtare dF the 6brous nerve i 
s ftupendous fyftem» which contains 6io 

rterial.chaqneh» or the winding veins? 
artiiicjal firamey what i Didru ntent, 
DC lu^rior genius yet invent, 
h to the bones or mufcles is preferi^d, 
X their order, forfn, or ufe, regard? 615 

then xo woilks of nature is aflign'd 
uthor unintelligent and blind, 
i ours proceed from clwice and Confcious Mind ? 
this yott fay, that Nat^are 's are indeed 
irtfttl works, buttlien they ne'er proceed 620 
Nature a&iog with delign and art, 
▼md oiF choice her vigour docs exert, 
)y unguided motion things produce, 
dlefs of their order, end, or ufe. 
ally's mouth thus Cotta does difpute.; 625 

lus, with cafe, tlie Roman we confute : 
, if in artful things no art is fliown, 
are the certaia marks, that make it known ? 
i^ill you artful from unartful bound, 
tot th' ideas in our mind confound ? 639 

this no truth difplays before our fight 
jhter beam, or more convincing light, 
Ikilfttl works fuppofe a (kilful Caufe, 
n a£ts by choice, and moves by prudent laws. 
e you, unlefs you are as matter blind, 635 

[Gt and beauteous difpofition find, 

I a Coix- 


Confpiring order, fitncfs, harmony, 

Ufe, and convenience ; will you not agree. 

That fuch cffe^ls could not be undefign'd, 

I>i'or could proceed but from a Knowing ^ndf €40 

Old fyftems you may try, or new ones ndfe. 
May ihift and wind, and plot a ^oafand ways { 
May various words, and forms of di^on, ufe, 
And with a different cant th' unjudging ear amufc; 
You may affirm, that Chance did things create, 64c 
Or let it Nature be, or be it Fate ; 
Kody alone, inert and brute, you '11 find. 
The caufe of all things is by you aflign'd, 
And. after all your fruitlefs toil, if you 
A Caufe diflinfb from Matter will allow, -^ao 

It mud be confcious, nor like matter bfind. 
And fhew you grant a God, by gninting Mind. 

Vaninus next, a hardy, modem chief, 
A lx)ld oppofcf of Divine Belief, 

Attempts Religion's fences to fubvert, 655 

Strong in his rage, but deftitute of art ; 
In impious maxims fixt, he Heaven defy'd. 
An unbelieving anti-martyr dy*d. 
Strange, that an Athcift plcafure (hould refiifc, 
Kelinquilh life, and death in torment chufe ! 660 

Of fcience what a defpicable ihare 
Vaninus own*d, his publifh'd dreams declare. 
Let impious wits applaud a Godlefs Mind, 
As bleft with piercing fight, and fenfe refin'd, 
Contriv'd and wrought by Nature^s careful hand 
All the proud fchools cf learning to command^ 


C^RSATLOK. Booi&IIL ir? 

■liltal IMffl^caL^Ach ptcroo of their ctufe 
|4kljpBL|ljr A^|9)piiih*<l merit juft tppltufei 
• . Tkl^Tw^W^ Wut of fenfe arrtign, -x 

' Tnat iU i^t Mupcy p«get with difdaioi 670 f 

And tiiink a graTc reply mif-fpcDt and vain : J 

Tb honow light, his error to amend, 
I would the Atheift to Vaninus fend. 

. At length Britannia's foU, immortal (hame 1' 
Bronghc forth a fage of celebrated, name, C 7 5 

Who with contempt on bled Religion trod, 
Mock'd all her precepts, and«rcnottnc'd his God«. 
As twfiil fliades and horrors.oF the night 
DHbirb the rootherj- and the child affright. 
Who iee dire fpf;£bret thcough the gloomy air ^ 

In threatening forms adrance^ and lhiKidering.hear , I 
The grdtnt of wandering ghoilsi and>yellings of j 
defpair.:: J 

From the fame fpring, he fays, devotion flows, 
Confcience of guilt from dread of vengeance rofe ; 
Religion is the creature of tlie fplccn, 60^ 

And troubled fancy forms the world unfeen ; 
That timorous minds, with felf-tormcnting care, 
Create thofe awful pliantoms which they Fear. 

Such:arms were us'd by impious chiefs of old,. 
Vain as this modern hero, and as bold^ 6)o 

Who would not this philofopher adore. 
For findbg worlds dkfcover*d long Ufore ? 
Can he one: flower in all his garden fliow, 
Which in.his Grecian mafter's did no: grow ? 
And yet, imperious, with a teacher's air, 695 

Bbeftful'he daims a right to wifdom's chj^r i 

I 3 Gafping 



Gafpina: with ardent third of falfe renown, 
With Grecian wreaths he docs his temples crown, 
Triumphs with borrow*d fpoils,. and trophies not 

his own. 

The world, he grants,, with clouds was overfpread{. 
Truth ne'er erefted yet her ftarry head, 
Till he, bright Genius, rofe to chace the night. 
And through all nature fhone with new-fprung light. 

But let th* enquirer know, proud Briton ! why 
Hope fliould not Gods, as well as fear, fupply ?" 7c 5 
Does not th' idea of a God include 
The notion of beneficent and good, 
Of one to mercy, not revenge, inclin*d» ^ 
Able and willing to relieve mankind ? 
And docs not this idea more appear 710 

1 he objeft of our hope, than of our fear > 
Then tell us, why this paflion, more than that, 
ShouUl build their altars, and the Gods create ? 

Bat let us grant the weak and timorous mind 
To fupcrfliiious terrors is inclin'd ; 715: 

That horriil fccncf-, and monfters form'd in air, 
Bv ni -ht the children and the mother fcare ; 
Thar apparitions, by a fever bred, 
Or bv the Iplecn's black vapours, till the head ; 
Docs that affcfb the fagc of fenfe refin'd, 72a 

Whofe bodv 's healthful, and ferene his mind ? 

Yet more, infulting Briton ! let us try 
Your rcafon *s force, vour arguments apply. 
You fay, fince fpeftres from the fancy flow, 
To timorous fancy Gods their being owe ; 725 

z Sioce 

C R fe ^ T I d N, Book nr. 119 

Since phincofdt to tl^e weak teem real things. 
Religion from miftake and weaknefs fprings. 

But diough the vulgar have illulions feen. 
Thought ohjtGts were without, that were within y 
Yet we from hence abfurdly (hould conclude, 73^ 

All objeAs of the mind the mind delude; 
That our ideas idle are, that none 
Were ever real, and that nothing *s known. 

But, leaving phantoms and illufive fear. 
Let us at Reafon's judgement-feat appear; 73$ 

There let the queftion be feverely try'd 5 
By an itn partial fentence we abide : 
Th* Eternal Mind's exiftence we fuftain 
By proofs fo full, by evidence fo plain, 
That none of all the fciences have fhown 740 

Such demonfh-ation of the truths they own* 

Spinofa next, to hide his black defign, 
And to his fide th' unwary to incline, 
For heaven his enfigns treacherous difplays, 
Declares for God, while he that God betrays ; 745 

For whom he *s pleas'd fuch evidence to bring. 
As faves the name, while it fubverts the thing. 

Now hear his laboured fchcme of impious ufe : 
No fubllance can another e'er produce j 
Subftance no limit, no confinement, knows, 750 

And its exiftence from its nature flows ; 
The fubftancc of the Univerfe is one, 
Which is the fclf-exiftent God alone. 
The fpheres of aether, which the world inclofc. 
And all th' apartments, which the whole compofe ,-755 
I 4 The 


The lucid orbs, the earth, the air, the main, . 

With every different being they conudn 5 

Are one prodigious aggregated God, 

Of whom each fand is part, each ftone and clod ; ' 

Supreme perfe£tions in eack infed Hiine, t^* 

Each fhrub is facred, and each weed divine*. 

Sages, no longer Egypt's fons defpife, 
For their cheap Gods, and favoury Deities I 
No more their coarfe Divinities revile ! 
To leeks, to onions, to. the crocodile^ 7^$ - 

You might your humble^adorations pay,. 
Were you not Gods yourfebres, as. well as they. . 

As much you pull Religion's altars down,, 
By owning all things God^ as owning. none i 
For fhould all beings be alike divine, 77» 

Of worlhip if an objc£b you affign, 
God to himfelf muft veneration fliew, 
Muft be the idol and the votary too j 
And their aflTcrtions are alike abfurd, 
Who own no God, or none to be ador*d. 775:, 


.■l»>/-"-r^- •:■■ : -t ««>* 'y 

C R E A. T I O Ni 

» O' O" K IV. 


TfiB iBtrodudHoii. N» roan btppyy .tKtithatiict con« 
qucted the feu* oC^dMclu- Tjie.iDftbilitjr of the 
£piciutan fcheme to ttcomplifli that end. Religion 
only cmbk of fnbdoing uioie feact. The hypo- 
thdro of £picurot concerniog the formatioa of the 
wufciie ihewn to be abfurd. I. In a more general 
fucvcy of the pant of the oniTerfe. IL By a. more 
dole and ftria ezambation of^his fcheme. The 
principle of inotion not accounted for by that fcheme s 
nor the determination of it one way. Pondu?, gra* 
nty^ innate mobility, words without a meanine. 
Defcent of atoms ; upwards and downwards, a mid- 
dle or centre abfurdly afferted by £p}curus in infinite 
fpace. His hypothefis not to be fiipported, whether 
ms matter be fuppofed £nite or infinite. His^ ridi- 
culous alTertion relating to the- diurnal and annual 
motion of the fun. The impoflibility of forming the 
world by the cafual concourle of atoms. They could 
never meet if they moved with equal fpeed. Primi- 
tive atomsy being the fmalleft parts of matter, wouldv. 
more noore flowty than bodies of greater bulk, which 
hsTC more gravity s yet thefe are abfurdly fuppofed to > 
more the fwifteit His afTertion, that fome primitive 
atoms hHye-a direft, and others an incHmog-motton». 



implies a contradicYion. Lucrctius's explanation 
ot tlii'i iixliLini; motion of Tome firft atoms not in- 
tcuii£il)le The iijexp'.iwabk' tliffxuliy of ft(. piling 
the atoms in their flight, and cauliug them ro leitlc 
19 a formed world. 'Ihe ponderous earth Hot to be 
fuliaiiicd in liquid air. The Epicurean formation of 
the heavens very ridiculous. No account given by 
the Epicureans how the lun and (latb arc uplicld in 
fluid aether. Their idle account of t!»c formation of 
the air. The variety of tiijure and fizc ^iven by 
Epicurus to his atoms, a convincing proof ot wifdom 
and defign. Anotlier proof is the difpropurtioo of 
the moirt and dry atoms in the formation of the 
earth. His ludicrous and childilh accouoc of the 
formation of the hollow for the fca. No account 
given by Epicurus, or his followers, of the motion 
of the heavenly orbs, particularly of the fun. 

^^ ARUS, we grant, no man is bleft, but he 

^^ Whofe mind from anxious thoughts of death is 

Let laurel wreatlis the vivilor's hiows adorn, [free. 

Sublime through gazing tiirones in tiiumph borne; 

Let acclamations ring around tlic Ikies, ^ 

While curling cloutis cf oalmy incenfe rife ; 

Let fju)ils immcf.fe, let tropliics i:?i.n'J in war. 

And conquer'd kings, attend his r«..iing car j 

If dread of death Aill unfjinlut-d remain^, 

And fjcnt o'er the vancjuifird viEwz reigns, 10 

Th* illufcrious flave in cncilefi thraivlom l^ars 

A heavier chain than his ltd captive wears. 

With fwiftcft wing the fears of future fate 
Elude the guards, and paf^ the palace-gate ; 1 5 



CREATION. Book IV. i2j 

Triverfe the lofty rooms, and uncontrord 

Fly hovering nmnd the painted roofs, and bold 

To the rich arras clhig, and perch on bufl of gold 

Familiar horrors haunt the monarch's head, 

And thoui^hts ill-boding from the downy bed ZQ 

Chace gentle flccp ; black cares the foul infcll:. 

And broider'd ftars adorn a troubled brcall ; 

In vain they a(k tlic charming lyre, in vain 

The flatterer's fweeter voice, to lull their pain j 

Kiot and wine but for a moment pleafe ; 2^ 

Dclijihts they oft' enjoy, but never cafe. 

What are diflin£Hon, honour, wealth, and (late. 
The pomp of courts, the triumphs of the great ; 
The numerous troops, that cnvy'd thrones fecurc, 
And fplendid cnfigns of imperial power ? 30 

What the high palace, rcar'd with vaft expencc, 
Unrival'd art, and luxury immenfc. 
With ftatues grac'd bv ancient Greece fupply'd. 
With more than Perfian wealth, and Tyiian pride? 
What arc the foods uf all delicious kinJs, 35 

Which now the huntfman, now the fowler, finds; 
The riclu-ft wines, wiiich Gallia's happy field. 
Which Tulcan hills, or rhi-ic, Iberia, vield? 

Nature dcprav'd abundance doe.-* purfue ; 
If'.r fiill and pure demands arc cheap and few. 40 

What health promotes, and gives uncnvy'd peace, 
Is all cxpencel- i^, and procur'd wiih cafe, 
liehold the {lijj'i.'-nl, fee th' iruluftrious fwain. 
Who ploui'jh; ih»: field, or reaps the ripcn'd grain, 
lldW mea'i, and vvt how tafleful is their fare ! 41; 

How Iwcct ilicii- ilc<.j) I their fouh how free from caief 


..+ :m.AGKMORE'& POEMS; 

ri.ev 1. 1 : Ilk iiic ULcaiiiiiig Livful, ^nu efcaf^ 
Th* ir.ii^mi;.:; :.::cl:s ui liic puij:ic j^'-apc; 
Anit» u) jMULLcL itii:ii limbb t'lom li^uious air* 
(•aimcnis» liicir own (iomcHic woik,. iitey wour : 50- 
Vet tiiouiriiis i)t' death their lonely cots molcfi. 
Atfri^lic ilie liinU, and break the labouier's nrfi. 

Since dielc icAc£iioDb on approachiDg faie 
nitlruti and ill-prciaging care create ; 
Tis clear w:: lliive tor uappincf^ in vain, 55 

While tcarb ot cicaiii vviihin infultiog reign. 

Buc then Lucretian wits ahfurdly frame. 
To link tliuic inhi'cd tears, iheir impious fchcme.- 
To chacc the iiorrors ui' a conicioub mind, 
They del per ate lueank and wild ejtfKrdiencs find ; 6« 
The lurdv rulicls aiming to appeaie 
Their tierce remoiie, aiid dream a while at eale,. 
ilf cr^'infl: guile th* avenging power diiowoy 
And pull their liigh Creator U'Jin las ilirone; 
riiac done, :hev mock the iiin:a;s o:' iuiuic ^uin,. 65 
,\s moiilhous rictions ot the pucib «.i-iii 

rhv torcc alone, Reri^ion : I^icdiii v.;Uiiii^, 
Breaks ail his uarts, i.ia jvcrv vi^ci ^naim^i 
*5oftenM l>v ci'.ce. nc ::< ■.-.'. v :otin api-cjis 
No more the iuirjid olm-:c: cr our u^is; 78 

Wc u nd Jim av li 1 1 . is aw [ u 1 po %vcr « ^ i ■;; v , 
Th3C iruidcs us '.Urouc'i ::ic lau, .:.o liih i^ioomy way, 
Which icjds :o lii'v.*, and :o luc ,c:: .::.••. 'tj. 
Where ravithV mmds cn:-^'-. v n: itre .iicv own'd, a 

Regard, ye uca or Luc:.::^^ :3l«% [Oou. - 

nature's rich dreU, bciu>ld loveiy race. 75 



CREATION. Book IV. 1*5 

Look all around, terredrial realms furvey^ 

The ides, the rivers, and the fpacious fea ; 

Obferve the air, view with attentive eyes « 

The glorious concave of the vaulted Ikies ; L 

Could thefe from cafual hits, from tumult thofc, arifc? J 

Can rule and l)eauty from diftraftion grow? 

Can fymmctry from wild confufion £ow ? 

When atoms in th* unmeafurM fpace did rove, 

And in the dark for doubtful empire drove ; 

Did intervening Chance the feuds compofe, 85 

Eftablifli friendihip, and difarm the foes ? 

Did this the ancient d ark fome horrors chacc, 

Diftin£lion give, and fpread celeftial grace 

O'er the black diftrifts of the empty fpace ? 

Could atoms, which, with undireftcd flight, 90 

Roam'd through the void, and rang'd the realms of 

Of reafon dcftitute, N^^hout -intent, [night, 

Depriv'd of clioice, and mindlefs of event, 

'a order march, and to their pofts advance. 

Led by no guide, but undefigning Chance ? 95 

What did th' entiangled particles divide. 
And fort the various feeds of things ally'd ? 
To make primaeval elements, -fele£b 
All the fit atoms, and th' unfit reje£^ ? 
IXftinguiih hot from cold, -and moid from dry* ice 
Range fome to form the. earth, and fome the fky ? 
{From the embrace, and gloomy arms, of night. 
What fireed the glimmering fire, and difengag'd the 

light ? 
Could Chance fuch juft and prudent meafures take > 
To frame the world, fuch difbibution make ? 105 



3f to vour builder you will con<lu6i: give, 

A power to chufe, to manage, and contrive, 

Your idol Chance, fuppos'd inert and blind. 

Mud be inrol'd an aftvie confcious mind. 

Did this your wife and fovereign architect no 

Dcfign the model, and the world ere£l ? 

Were by her (kill the deep foundations laid, 

The globes fuipcnded, and the heavens difplay'd ? 

Bv whaTelaftic engines did (lie rear 

The ftarry roof, and roll the orbs in air > nj 

On the formation of the earth refle6k; 
Is this a blind fortuitous efted ? 

Did all the groffer atoms, at the call -> 

Of Chance, file off, to form the ponderous ball, > 

And undetermin'd into order fall ? 120 J 

Did of themfelves th* aflembled feeds arrive. 
And without art this artful frame contrive ? 
To build the Earth, did Chance materials chufe, 
And through the parts cementing glue difFufe ? 
Adjuft the frontier of the fca and foil, 12 ^ 

Balance and hang in air the finifh'd pile ? 
"Ye towering hills, whofe fnowy peaks arifc 
Above the clouds, and winter in tl^e Ikies ; 
Ye rocks, which on the fhores your lieads advance; 
Are you the labour and the care of Chance ^ 130 

To draw up ftones of fuch prodigious weight, 
* And raife th' amazing heaps to fuch a height. 
What huge machine, what forceful inftrument. 
Did vour blind builder of the world invent ? 
'Could it diftinguifh, could it wall ai'ound §35 

The <lamp and dark apartments under ground ? 


CREATION. Book IV. 127 

With rocky arches vault the hollow caves, 

And foim the tracks of fuh^crrancan waves ? 

Extend the different mineral veins, and Iprcad 

For rich metallic ores the genial bed ? 140 

What could pre are the gulplis to entertain 
Between their fiiorcs the interpolinc; main? 
Dif-join the land, the various realms v.".ividc, 
And fpicad with fcattcr'U ifles th' exten(!ed tide ? 
Regard ih' unnum!)crM wvi.dcrs of ihe deep, 145 

Where confluent Hrcanis, their lacc cf^mpletcd, flecp. 
Did Chance the conipat's take, and in the dark 
The wide dimenfions of the c^cean nurk ? 
Then dij^ the ample, and (lietch the fhores 
Whofe windinijj arms confine the liquid flores, 150 

Which gufhing from the mountain to the main 
Threugli verdant vallics draw their humid train ? 
Did it defign the deep abyfs, and fpread 
The ancient waters on their central bed ? 
To the wild flood did fovereign Fortune fay, i^^ 

Thus far advance, and here t!iy billows flay : 
Be this thy l)arrier, this cnclofing fand 
Thou (halt not pafs, nor overflow ilw land ? 
And ih the waves revere her high command ? 

Did cli-mic Chance ihc furnaces prepare, 160"] 

Raifc all the lalwur-houfes of the air. 
And lay crude vapours in digcflion there ? 
Where Nature is employ'd, with wonthous fitill. 
To draw her fpirits, and her drops <iiilil ; 
Meteors for various purpofcs to form, jfij 

The breeze to cheer, to terrify tixe ftorm; 




Did fhe extend the gloomy clouds on high, ^ 

Where all th* amazing fireworks of the iky * I 

In unconco£ted feeds fermenting lie ? J 

Tin the imprifon'd flamesare ripe' fof birth, 170 

And ruddy bolts exploded wound the earth ; 
What ready hand applies the'lcindled matth. 
Which evening trains of un6^uous vapours catbhi 
Whence (hoots with lambent flight the' falling Aar, 
And flames unhurtful hovering dance in air ? 17^ 

What curious loom does Chance by evening fpread ? . 
With what fine (huttle weave the virgin's thread. 
Which, like the fpider's net, hangs ontfaegraiTy mead V^ 
Let us the moulds to faihion meteors know. 
How thefe produce the hail, and thofe the fnow ? iSo 
What gave the exhaladons wings to rife, 
To leave their centre, and pofTefs the ikies ? 
Let us no longer miflive weapons throw. 
But clofe the fight, and grapple witlr-the foe | 
Submit to reafon's ftrifteft tcft tlicir fchcme, 185 

And by mechanic laws purfue^the hudtHcd frame. 
See, how th' ambitious architects dcfign : 
To rear the world without the power divine. 
As principles, the great contrivers place 
Unbounded matter, in unbounded fpacc : 190 

Matter was firfl, in parts minute, endutd 
With various figures, various magnitude ; 
•Some, moving in the fpacious infinite, 
2)efcribe a line oblique, and fonie a-right j 
^or, did not fome from a ftrait courfe d^flcfV, 29.5 

They could not meet,' they couid no world ere€l: 

7 WhHc 

* CREATION. Book IV. 1*9 

VITMt nnfadgned from endlefs ages pa(V, 

They rang'd the dark intermiDable wa(le» 

Oft clalhing tnd rencountering in their flighty 

Some atoms leap afide, and fome upright ; 2C« 

They various ways^vcoil, and fwifcly flow 

By mutual repercuilions to :and fro, 

Till, ihuflled and entangled in their race. 

They clafp each other with a clofe embrace ; 

Combined by concourfe, mingled and comprefV, 2C5 

They grow in bulk, and complicated red. 

Hence did the world and all its parts arife I 

Hence the bright fun and flars, and hence the (kies ! 

Hence fprung the air, the ocean, and the eanh 1 

AaA hence all Nature had its cafual birth 1 zi% 

If you demand what wife directing mind 
The wondrous platform of the world de{ign*d i 
Did range, di^de, and in their order place. 
The crude materials of th' unfafhion'd mafs ; 
Did move, direft, and all the parts control, 2 1 5 

With pcrfeft Ikill, to ferve the beauteous whole j 
Fortune to this high honour they advance, 
And no furveyor want, no guide, but Chance. 

Lucretian mailers, now to make it plain 
In building worlds how raw you are, and vain ; 229 
Grant that beford this mighty frame was rear'd, 
Before confufion fled, and light appeared, 
In the dark void and empty realms of night 
Your reftlcfs atoms diil purfiic their flight ; 
And in their adverfe paths, and wild career, 225 

By chance rencounter, and by chance cohere ; 

K Thus 


Thus clafpt in ftrict embraces they produce 

Unnumber'd cafual forms tor different ufe : 

You, who to clearer reafon make pretence. 

Of wit refined, and eminent in fenfc ; x^p 

Let us, ye fons of Epicurus, know 

The fpring, whence all thefe various motions flaw. 

What vigour pulh'd primaeval atoms on? 

Was it a foreign impulfe, or their own ? 

If 'twas a foreign delegated force, aj j 

Which mov*d thofe bodies, and control'd their coiurfe; 

Afleiting this, you your own fchcme deibx>y^ 

And power divine, to form the world, employ. 

If from a moving principle within 

Your a£live atoms did their flight begin, fM 

That fpring, that moving principle explain. 

And in the fchools -ud rival 'd you fliall reign ; 

Declare its nature, and aflign its name ; 

For motion, and its caufe, are not the fame. 

We know, you '11 tell us, 'tis impuMive weighty 
Mobility, or power to move innate : 
Profountl folution ! worthy of your fchools. 
Where reafon in its boafted freedom rules. 
But thus vou mock i.tu..kind, and language ufe, 
Kot to inform the mind, but to amufc. ^e^ 

Of motion we the principle demand; 
You fay 'tis power to move, and there you fland! 
But is it to explain, to change the name^ 
la not the dou'.t in different words the fame? 
Do you reveal the ipiiijr of motion more, ac? ^ 

By wifely calling that a moving power. 
Which we had teim'd a principle before? 

7 The 


^C^lL^'ATton. Book IV. 15 1 

TThc youngeft head new-vcrs'd in reafoning kaows, 
' 7*hat motion maA a power to move fuppofe i 
'Which while in vain you labonr to unfold, 260 

You clearly tell us, that Lucrctians hold 
An aftive fpring, a principle approve, 
Diftinft from matter, which muft matter move. 
Matter, as fuch, abflrafted in the mind, ") 

Wc from a power to move diveded tind, 265 r 

Not more to motion, than to rtft inclined j J 

'The power, which motion does-to matter give, 
Wc therefore muft diftinft from both conceive ; 
.A power to nature given by Nature's Lord, 
When firft he fpoke the high creating word, 470 

'When for his woild mateiials he prepar'd. 
And on each part this energy conferr'd. 

Ye vain philofophers ! prefumptuous race I 
•Who would the Great Eternal Mind difplace ; 
Take from the world its Maker, and advance iy-^ 

To his high throne your thoughtlefs idol Chance : 
Let us th' enquiry by juft Heps purfue j 
With motion wc your atoms will endue. 
We alk, when in the fpacious void they ftray. 
Why flill they beat one track, ^nd move one way ? 28© 
Still the fame flight why do their parties take ? 
Why this, or that way, no digrelfion make ? 

What will to this our Atomifts reply ? 
They anfv/cr, by an innate gravity 
The ponderous bodies ftill arc downward borne, aS^ 
And never upwards of themfclves return : 
•Acute and folid anfwcr ! fee a flight, 
•Worthy of tin?;ft\vit, and cleared fjght ! 


Do not thefc wife mechanic maftcrs know. 

That no man can conceive, or hi^h or low, 290 

Nor find dif^in£lion of fupcrior place. 

Or of inferior, in the empty fpacc 

UncircumfcribM, and ig;norant of bound. 

And where no mtdd, no centre, can be foQnd ? 

Perhaps, your matter's do6lrine to fudain, 295 

And matter's downu-ard motion to explain, 
Tou with his famous Gallic friend afFcrt, 
That is fupciior, whence your atoms ftarc. 
And that inferior in the empty fpace 
To which they all dircft their ra|>id race. 300 

Now let us recolle6^, and what you fay 
At large, in one contrafted view funrey. 
You fay, your atoms move ; we aflc you, why ? 
Becaufe it is their nature, you reply. 
But fince that native power you never fliew, 39* 

You only fay they move, becaufe they do : 
But let your atoms move, we bid you fay, 
"Why they move this, and not a different way ? 
You tell us, Vis from inbred gravity; 
That isi you tell us, 'tis you know not why. 310 

Till what is gravity you let us know. 
By fenfelcfs words how can we wifcr grow ? 
We give you this ingenite, moving force, 
That makes them always downward take their courfe; 
We then demand, which place inferior is 31* 

Within the fpacious unconfin'd abyfs ? 
You fay 'tis that, to which the atoms bend 
Their fwift career, for ftill they muft defcend j 
That is, they downward move, becaufe they down- 
ward tend. 




CREATION. Book IV. 133 

Let usy LucrettanSy dow our talk purfue, 320 

And of your fcheme remaining wonder^ view. 
Say, if your atoms of immortal race 
Arc equal and commenf'uratc to i'pace : 
If foy the boundlefe va(l inMiicnfuy 
While thus polfcft would full of matter be ;. 325 

For in the vacant (as your fchools approve) 
Should finite matter l^ fuppos'd to move. 
Not knowing how to ftop, or where to flay, 
It UDob(lru6led mud purfuc its way. 
Be lofl in void immenfc, and diffiparcd flray j 330 
The fcattcring bodies never would combine. 
Nor to compofe a world hy concourfc join. 
But, if all fpace is full, if all poHTcA, .. 

Which furpoJition you eml)race as l)eft, I 

Then crouded matter would for ever rcflj J 

Nature no change of place had ever fccn) 
Where all is full, no motion can begin j 
For, if it ihoulJ, you *11 be compcll'd 10 fay,. 
Body does lK)dy pierce, 10 torce its way ; 
Or unconrin'd immenruy retreats, 3^* 

To give your atoms room to change their feats. 
And here with us Lui.retius docs agree, 
That, if fome place from matter be not free. 
In plenitude no motion could commence. 
All would be fta.H;nate in the vaft immenfe. 345 

If it be faid, imall parts of empty fpace 
Are interfpers'd through all the fpreading mafs, 
By which fome Ixxlies give to others place j 
Then matter, you muil grant, would tinits; be, 
And ftretch unccjual to immenfity 5 3i;i 

K 3 '^n 



154 B^L'AG KM ORE'S FO E M *S, 

And then, as Epicurus judges right. 

It would for ever take a uf€lefs flight, . 

Loft in expanfion void and infinite. 

Beiides, allowihg throngh th' extended 'whole 

Small fcatter*d fpaces not-of body full, 355 . 

Then matter, yoi^ Lucretians muft agree, . 

Has not exiftcncc from neceffity ; 

V0T9 if its being neccflary were, -j . 

Why arc fome parts of fpace from mutter clear ? fi 

Why does it here extft, and why not there ? 360 -^ ' 

Lucretians, now> which fide you pleafc, embrace : 
If in your void you finite fubflance place, 
'Tis diflipatcd through th* immenfe abyfs, 
And you -to form the world materials mifs ; 
You '11 not the progrefs oFyour atoms Hay, 36^;: 

Nor to coUeft the vagrants find a way. 
Thus too your mafter*s fchen^e will be deftroy'd, 
Who, wholly to pofll-fs the boundlefs void, I 

]Mo icfs than matter infinite cmploy'd. J 

If you, in honour to your founder's fkill, 370 

The boundlefs void with boundlefs fubAance fill, 
Then tell us, how you can your bodies roll 
Through fpace, of matter fo compleatly full ? 
The force this fingle reafon does exert 
Will the foundations of your fcheme fubvert : 375 

!Nor were it needful to purfue the blow, 
Or form a frefli attack, unkfs to ft)ow 
How flight your works in every quarter are,. 
Hqw ill your huddled fentiments cohere. 


B^lhU> O Greece, tUv evtrlartlnj* fhdim-, »».•» -j 
That thoughtlef« Epicurus i uis't) « nHUic, ? 

Who built by urild's Chance ihi;. mighty tVaiue. J 
Couhl one whole wit Tuch niirmw liiuii^ houiul, 
Nature, thy depths unUthomuhlf (owuA } 
Of his lat^ucious thouj,^hts to ^nvc a p.tit, ^'. , 

Docs not thiii wife philuf'oplier u.L u 
The radiant Sun S rxiin^ujiiiM fMi\ niylit, 
Amlcvciy mom, rvLinillnl, iLiii-. hi-, h^^l.t * 
That the vail orb, wliiuh call-. To \m hi. lir4Uiai 
1« luch, or not much h'lfyt i. tluii he Ucau ^ .'^ » 

That the (limenfion:! ot In. t'l.iiiuii-* lacu 
Two geometric t'cct do Uaicc lunult. ? 
Doen he not make the tiillc wiuii'. Ctiiivey 
The Sun rcvolvinjj thiDUj-h his cnuiknl wav } 
But, fmce his fchool lus }.'.unM lUili l|aiaitin^ lame. 
And modern wits hib malUi-fkili pruLUuiti 
Let us vet fanhcr caii) ilii-. ilrL.jr::, 
And, as u»u n!k, cddIci t.n ui.iiici wcii'hi, 
To make it nu)\c within liic \a(\ 4l>M., 
And dovvnwaul 1(k>, c\'a whnt: im iJDwuvvaul ij. ^o-i 
It' this bi- tru;-, .i'. vdu LijuuIiuus la« , 
That attnus wini^ with j-jUmI Ijkc;,| incii way, 
Then how couhl thit thai .ituiu ovciul.t^ 
]I<)W could ihey clalh, and how toililiuna iiiiikc ? 
If in a line ()bli([uc sour hodic. luve, 4 ^ 

Or in a perpendicular they ntovc, 
U lomc advance not flower in ilulr race, 
And lomc more fvvili (liould not puihie tlir chav.r, K 
How cuuiU they be cniHiij];lcdi how ciubuci. } J 


Tia demon llrzcac, 'tis m^riiiian light, ^to 

ThoTt bociies cc'cr ecu! J jufHc, ne'er coolii Szht, 
Kor bv their manijil (hecks be ru filed in cbeir flight. 

SiDce martcT of a. gresrer magnitucTe 
Maft be with ercatcr gra^ty endued. 
Then the miaiitefl part4 mu& fHII proceed 41^ 

With lefi, the ercarer with the greater fpeed. 
Hence tout firft bodies, which die fmalkft arc. 
On which die fwitted mocioa yoa confer, 
Mofl be contented %rlth the flovrcfi pace, , 

And yield 10 marrer of more balk the rzce« 420 

How wondrous little mufl chokC atoms be, 
"Uliich YOU endow wi:h fuch relocitv ! 
^Iinme beyond concepcion, when we find 
Bodies fo fmall, where many are combin'd f 
How many Tsrious figures mad we take, 41 < 

What oumercias complications ufe, to make 
Some compound thirgs, fo fmall of magnitude. 
That all our fcnfcs tlicrr with cafe elude I 

Light exhalation Sy that from earth arife 
Attra£^ed by the fun-bcims through the Ikies, 4^0 

A^Tiich 'Kc myflerlous fcecls of thunder bear. 
Of winds, and all the meteors of the air j 
Though they around us take their conflant flight, 
Th<5r little fize cfcapcs the fliarpeft fight. 
The fragrant vapours breathed from rich perfumes, 435 
From Indian fpices, and Arabian gums. 
Though many years they flow, will fcarcc abate 
The odoriferous body's bulk or weight. 

Thoueh antimonial cups prepared with zn. 
Their force to wine through ages ihould impart ; 440 


CREATION. Book IV. 137 

Tlui diflipationi this profufc expence, 

Nor (hrinks their fize* nor wades their ilores immenfe. 

The powder which dedrufllve guns explode, 

And by its force their hollow wombs unload. 

When rarify'd of fpacc, poffcfles more, 445 

Five hundred times, than what it fill'd before. 

The feeds of fern, which, by prolific heat 

Cheer'd and unfolded, form a plant fo great. 

Are Icfs a thoufand times than what the eye 

Can unafliftcd by the tube defcry. 450 

By glaflcs aided, we in liquor fee 

Some living things minute to that degree. 

That a prodigious number mufV unite, 

To make the fmallell obje£l: of the fight. 

How little bodies mud the light compound, 45 5 

Which by your mafters is corporeal own'd 1 
Since the vaft deluge of refulgent rays, ^ 

Which in a day the fun a thoufand ways > 

Through his wide empire laviflily conveys, J 

Were they collcftcd in one folid mafs, 460 

Might not in weight a fingle drachm furpafs ! 

At lead thofc atoms wondrous fmall muft be. 
Small to an unconceivable degree ; 
Since though thcfe radiant fpoils, difperfl in air. 
Do ne'er return, and ne'er the fun repair, 465 

Yet the bright orb, whence flill new torrents flow. 
Does no apparent lofs, no diminution know. 
Now, curious wits, who nature's work infpeft 
With rapture, with adoniflimcnt, rcflcft 
On the fmall fize of atoms, which unite 470 

To make the fmallcfl particle of light I 


x}S i^L AC K ^coR^'s poems; 

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Vi ^v.*'^i r.,": i'X'.."*. -.",: **:'a ere wril owra ; 

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A. ^ J f- J o w u :* V 'f .:^ .! '. -c . .: ■ \^ ■. : -J rv- r : : c c inh ! ^Jy 

SocJ .J "'0 .1 *'*.''. 1"* i -v."'," N. ' ,' .'. ' ■,' J ~ :* \.» 

l: .;v,.\- -v.c .Vi.^. : • . .--.. ii. 

Cr i.-^l/'riii . ^■..- : . :. : . ^ 4^^ 

!N'. ;. ': .v.'Cs.> i?. :-*;;. ,._.*. ^ j:.i.i:^*. j 

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W^cJi :li., ^^- C-: :::::...::: j ^: il.j:. sea 


CTRBA'TION. «odiiItr.. r$f 

And thus your matter, by its name force, 
To ditfcrent points would fleer a different courfe j 
Dctermin'd by the fame impulfive weight, ^pe/ 

Move in a line oblique, and in a ilraight. 

To heal your fyftem's deep and ghaftly wound,, 
"Which this objeftion gives, Lucretius found 
A method j who a motion did invent 
Not ftraight entirely, nor entirely bent, et^ 

Which forms a line to crooked fomewhat like, . 
Slanting almofl, and,. as it were, oblique. 
Who docs not now this wondrous bard adore > 
Sccreafon's conquering light, and wit's refiftlefs power? 

If atoms, after rhcir eternal dance, ^iq 

Into this beauteous fabrick leap'd by chance; 
Jf they combin'd by cafu^l concourfe j fay, . 
What, in a free and unobrtru6ted way, . 
Did in a full career your atoms (lay ? 
What mounds, what force, when rufhing from the height 
Of fpace immenfe, could ftop them in their flight? 
Why in their road did they not forward pafs ? 
But fay, where now we find the fettled mafs, 
Why did they ceaie from moving in defpitc 
Of their own nature, and impelling weight? rjr 

Had the wife troops fagacity to know> 
That, there arriv'd, they fhould no farther go? • 
That in this point of all the fpacious void, 
To form a world they were to be employ'd? 
Did they, in profpcft of fo great a good, rja • 

In this one place of all the liquid road, \' 

All their encumbering giavity unload? J 





Fatigued, and fpent with labour infinite. 

Did they grow torpid, and unapt for flight ? 

Or, in th' embrace and downy lap of air 555 

LuU'd and enchanted, did they fettle there ^ 

Grant in this fingle place by chance they met. 
That there by chance they did their weight forget } 
It happen*d there they formM a mighty mafs. 
Where yet no order, no diftin6tion, was : ^40 

Let this be fo ; we alk you to explain 
The wondrous Power that did the parts fudahi. 
For ilill their nature and their weight remain. 
What from defcent fliould ponderous matter 0ay, 
When no more ponderous matter ftops its way ? 545 
Can airy columns prop the mighty baH, 
Its preffure balance, and prevent its fall ? 
And after this remains a mighty talk. 
Which more than human ikill and power will aik. 
The ftrong myfterious cements to unfold, 559 

Which atoms ftri6lly complicated hold. 

But let us leave the heap in air's embrace. 
To reft unmov'd within the empty fpace, I 

Which knows no height, or depth, or middle place: J 
Tell, how you build the chambers of the Iky, 555 

Extend the fpheres, and hang the orbs on high ? 
You fay, when matter firft began to fall. 
And fettle into this terreftrial ball, 
Prefs'd from the earth thin exhalations rofe. 
Vapours and (learns, materials to compofe 560 

The fpacious regions of the liquid air. 
The heavens, and all the luminaries there : 


•=:•<'<?¥« A T I O N. Bom IV. S4t 

TlMfe ▼apourt foon (miraculous event !), 
Shuflled by chMiiee»' and miz'd by acddent. 
Into foch ranks and beauteous order fell, 5^5 

As no t(fc€i of wifdom can excel. 
Hence did the planets, hung in aether, fhray ! 
Hence rofe the ftars, and hence the milky way I 
Hence did the fun along the ikies advance t 
The fource of day, but fprung from night and chancel 

But who can (hew the legends, that record 
Mora idle tales, or fables fo abfurd ? 
Does not your fcheme affront ev'n vulgar fenfe | 
That fpheies of fuch a vail circumference. 
That all the orbs, which b the regions roll, 575 

Stretching from eaft to weil, firom pole to pole, 
Should their conftrudure, and their beauty, owe 
To vapours prefskl firom this poor ball below? 
From this fmall heap could exhalations rife 
Enough, and fit, to fpread and vault the ikies ? 580 
Lucretius thus the manner has difpla/d 
How meteors, not how heavenly globes, are made* 
But grant the fleams, which by expreilion rofe. 
Did all the fpheres and every orb compofe ; 
Since their ingenite gravity remains, 585 

What girder binds, what prop the frame fuflains } 

The fun's bright beams, which you of matter make. 
From Heaven their downward flight perpetual take : 
WJl^y does, not tlien his body, which outweighs 
B^ infinite degrees his golden rays, 590 

By its own force precipitated fall. 
And hide in ruins tins terreflrial ball ? 



Can air, unable to fudain the light, 

Support tlie fun of fuch fuperior we^ight j 

And all the ponderous heavenly orbs fufpeod cac 

Againil their nature, which c)oe& downward -tend ? 

Tell, wife Lucretius, tell the fccrct art. 

Which keeps the heavens and earth fo long apart. 

Thus too the air, prcfsM from this mafs, you fav. 
Between the earth and ikies expanded lay ; 600 

Kot with intention that the felar light 
Through the thin gulph might take an eafy flight ; 
Or that with nitrous food it iliould infpire 
The breathing lungs, and feed the vital fire ; 
But mere contingence did the gulph extend, 605 

Kegardlefs of coaventencp , ule, or end. 
Now, vaunting poet ? (houUl it be confefs'd; 
That from the earth tlie- air is thus exprefs'd ; 
Since things by heavier things are upward thrown, 

• Wiiich tend with Arongcr graritaiion down. } • 6ro 
Why are the fun, and the fair orbs of iigUt> ,. 
All which fo far exceed the air in weight, I 

• Hung from the centre at a greater height ? J 
Why do not tliefc their Naiurc's law oljcy, 
Uufli from above, and near tlie centre Aay, 
And make all lighter bodies give tliem way ? 
Tell us, Lucretius, why they ne'er purfue 

This natural bent, and this. undoubted due? 

Since to the earth you give the middle place, 

To which all heavy xhings dire6t their race i 6ftO 

If nothing does obftruft, by certain fate 

Things would in order of their different weight 




.jftl^ATJiPl^. Book TV. ^^^ 

fieimuid'tlie.iMiiht 4nA make one mighty heap $ 
ThfJ wonM'AHr fboe» as diffexeot (tnUL, kee^ 
"Nor would die tir, orkterceding ikf, St^ 

Between the diftant orbc and worlds dirided liei 
i£ther and air would claim .the higheft place, 
The ilars and planets would the eanh embrace, 
As now the ocean ^oats upon its hce. 
In ftain you labour by ^mechanic rule^, 630 

Jn vain exhauft the reafon x>f your fchools, 
Thefe queflions to refolve, and to explain 
How icfMrate worlds were nade, and icparate flill semain. 

Sii^B to youruocompounded atoms you 
T'lg^i^ IP QomlKJC infinite aUow, 655 

3From whidbt by famous aombinatiop, fprings 
This unconfinfd fyiptity of things ; 
Are no^, in ^fimt ^efign and x:ounfel .clear ? 
Pcys not the wi&Ait^fier appear, 
Who the corporeal particles endued 640 

liTith different fliape, and difTerent magnitude. 
That from their mixtures all things might have birch, 
Ik the wide iea, and air, and heaven, and earth ? 
Tp all thefe figures of diftinguifli'd kind, 
And different fizes, are not ends ailign'd ? 64^ 

Then own their caufe did a£t with wife intent. 
Which did thofe fizes fquare, and every ihape invent. 

When atoms firll the world began to frame. 
Is k not flrange that every number came 
■Of fuch a figure, and of fuch a fize, 650 

As fervM to found the earth, and fpread the flues ? 
3iad they not ma in fuch proportion, were 
Their .form and number not as novv they ar^ 



In a rude mafs they hzd confus'dly join'd, 

Not in a finifh'd world, like this, combin'd. 655 

Did thcfe afl'embled fubftances rcflcft, 

That here a beauteous frame they muft trc€t ? 

Did they a general council wifely call^ 

To lay the platform of each mighty ball-? 

To fettle prudent rules, and orders make, 66* 

In rearing worlds, what methods they fliould take } 

To every atom was his talk enjoin'd ? 

His pofl, and fellow-labourers, ailign'd > 

Did they confent what parts they ihould compofei 

That thcfe ihould aether make, or water thofe ? » 665 

That fome fhould be the moon, and foroe the earths' 

Thofe give the fun, and thefe the planet binh? 

If all thefe noble worlds were undefign'd^ 

And carry 'd on without a Confcious Mind } . 

Oh, happy accident ! aufpicious chance I «67« 

That in fuch order made the work advance i 

At length to fuch admir'd perfe6fcion brought 

The finifh'd ftrufture, as it had been wrought 

With art tranfcendent and confummate thought-! 

Since 'tis an outrage done to common fenfc 675 

To fix a central point in fpace immenfe ; 
Why is a middle to the earth affign'd, 
To which your ponderous bodies are inclined ? 

Befides, refle6t how this terreftrial mafs 
Does the whole fea a thoufand times furpafs ; 4 Jo- 

Which in a line, if drawn dirc611y down. 
More than a mile in depth is rarely known. 
Now if by chance more watery atoms came 
Than earthy, to compofe tliis wondrous fracsc 5 
''4 Or 


' eit S A T I O N. BboK nr. t4^ 

Or 1^ Abj both in equal number met, 6S; 

lyludl might ti well have been^ had Chance diought fit; 

Or if the watery (we ilo'farther prefs) 

Were but an hundred times in number lefs ; 

Thiis globe had lain, if not a general flood. 

At leaft a fen, a mafs of ooze and mud, 490 

With no rich fruit, or irerdant beauty, blefl. 

Wild and unpeopled, or by man, or beaft. 

Who will our orb's unequal face explain, 
Which Epicurus made all fipooth and plain } 
How did thy rocks, O Earth t thy hills, arife > 695 y 
How did thy giant fons invade the ikies > L 

Lucretius, that it happened thus, replies. J 

Now give us leave, great Poet, to demand. 
How the capacious hollow in the land 
Was firft produc'd, with eafe to entertain *^ 700 

AH the adembled waters of the main ? 
When earth was made, this hollow for the fea 
Was form'd ; but how it happened fo to be ? 
H on a time fell out, that every wave 
Forfook the earth, and filPd the mighty cave, 705 

Which happen'd opportunely to be there, 
Where now their heads the rolling billows rear. 
It then fell out, that Hones did rocks compofc. 
That vales fubiided, and that hills arofe. 
Thus the formation of the world you know ; 710 

So all events fell out, and all things happen'd fo. 

Can tales more fenfelefs, ludicrous, and vain. 
By winter-fires old nurfes entertain ? 
Does this unfold how all things firfl were made 
Without divine and fupcrnatural aid ? 71:; 

L His 



His penetration his Lucretius fhown. 

By faying things proceed from Chance alone. 

As tlicir efficient caufc, that is, from none ? 

But let your troops, wliich ranged the plains of nig^it. 

And through the vacant \ving*d their carelcfs flight, 7»» 

The high command of ruling Chance obey ; 

Unguided and unconfcious of the way. 

Let them advance to one determined place, 

Prefcrib'd by Chance, in all th* unmcafur'd fpace ; 

Their proper ilations undire6ked find, 715 

To form a world that never was defignM ; 

Let all the rolling globes, and fpacious ikies« 

From happy hits of heedlefs atoms rife ; 

Be thus the eanh's unmov'd foundations laid. 

Thus the thin regions of the air difplay'd ; 73# 

Chance (ball the planets in their place fufpend. 

Between thofe worlds th' cthcrial plains extend ; 

Dire£( the fiin to that convenient feat. 

Whence he difplays his luftre and his heat. 

This labour, all this progrcfs, is in vain, 735 

Unlefs the orbs their various motions gain : 

For let the fun in buoyant aether float, 

"Nor nearer to the earth, nor more remote ; 

Yet did his orb unmov'd its beams diffufe, 

He M fure dedt u6tion to the earth produce \ 749 

One half for heat, and one for cold, would pray. 

This would abhor the night, and that the day : 

Did he not yearly through the zodiack pafs. 

Were he not conflant to his daily race. 

He would not, by alternate (hade and light, 745 

Produce the needful change of day and night i 


.fiOSK AT TO' R Book IV. 147 
Wor j Wi pM im T'i ^i b i iyfeafons of'thc your, 
Bj tons rriolngr n^ snd difappear. 
MINif* csflL^i'iri^noBi Atntinfti ctonecivty 
Chance to tbr Aih eotild this juft impulfe give, 7S« 
By which the fouree of day io f^ftly fliesy 
Hit ftages'kwpi) and eravcnrfes the ikies ? 

We aik yo)iy whence thefe conilint motions flow ? 
l^iU learned heads reply, they happened (6 ? 
You fayf the fidar orb, 6HV moY'd hy chance, 755 
Does north and fouth, and eail and weft, advance 1 
We aik, why firft in thefe deteimin'd ways 
He chofe to mo?e } Why thence lie never (bays } 
Why did he ne'er, (ince time began, decline 
Hit round diurnal, or his annual lint } 76^ 

So ileadily does fickle Fortune ileer 
Th' obedient orb, that it (hould never err ? 
Should nerer ftart afide, and never Aray ? 
Never in pathlefs aether mifs his way ? 
Why does he ne'er beyond the tropicks go ? 765 

Why ftill revolve > why travel to and fro ? 
Will it a wife philofopher content, <^ 

To fay tlicfc motions came by accident, C 

That all is undcfign'd, fortuitous even: ? j 

But if the (luggi/h fun you '11 not diflurb, 770 

But motion give to this terredrial orb ; 
brill of the earth we the fame queilion aik. 
Which to explain, you have as haid a talk. 

Caif Chance this frame, thefe artful fcenes ertCtf 
Which knows not works lefs artful to eifcdt } 775 

Did it mechanic engines e*er produce, 
A globe, or tube of aflronomic ufe ? 


%\liy' do nor veiTcIs built and rigg'd by Qiaiicey 

Drawn in long order, on the billows dmoe } 

Might not the Sovereign Caufe ^th greater cafe ^If 

A navy build, than irakt the winds and fleas } 

Let atoms once the fbnn of letten take 

Bv Chance, and let thofe huddled letten make 

A finiih'd poem by a lucky hit. 

Such as the Grecian, or the Mannian» fmt $ 715 

Then we *11 embrace the dodrines 3^00 advance. 

And yield the werld^t £ur poem made by Chanoe« 


prta ••: ^ 14* J 

C R E; A T I O N. 
B .00 K V. 


The introdu^on. A defcription of the calamitou!; 
ftatc of mankind, by reafon of innumerable woes 
mnd fufferings to which they are obnoxious. Difeafes 
of the body* Trouble arid grief of mind. Violence 
amd oppreifion. The vicifitude of human affairs^ 
and the: certain profpe£b of death. Whdhce it ap- 
pears that it fuits the Ibte of mankind » and therefore 
IS defiiabley there Ihould be a God. Arguments 
' agamft the Fatalifts, who aiTcrt the etcrnitv of the 
world. TTiere mud be granted fome felf-cxiftent and 
independent being. The corporeal world cannot be 
that bein? : proved from its mucabilityy and the va- 
riety of forms riting and difappearing in the feveral 
parts of nature r ftom the poliibility of conceiving, 
without any confequent contradiftion, lefs or more 
parts in the world, than are a6lually exiilent ; from 
the poiBbility of plants and animals having had dif- 
ferent fhapes, and limbs, from what they now have. 
The pretended fatal chain of things not felf-exiflent 
and independent ; becaufe all its hnks or parts are 
dependent, and obnoxious to corruption. Fate, a word 
without fqnfe or meaning. Two more arguments 
aeainft the eternity of the world, from the contem- 
plation of the light of the fun, and of motion* 
Arillotle's fcheme confide red and confuted. 

L 3 AH» 



A H, haplcfs mortal man ! ah, rigid fate I 
•* ^ Wliat cares attend our ihort, UA^ertaip ftatc I 
How wide a front, hovtr deep and black a rtf^y 
What fad varieties of grief and fear. 
Drawn in array, exert their fatal rage. 
And gall obnoxious life through every ftage. 
From infancy to youth* from youth to age I 

Who can compile a roll of all our woes i 
Our friends are faithlefs, and iincere our Ibes ; 
The poifon'd arrows of an envious tongue !• 

Improve our errors, and our virtues wrongs 
Th' oppicllbr naw with arbitrary might 
Trampled on law, and robs us of our right ; 
Dangers unicen on every fide invade. 
And fnares o'er all th' unfaithful ground are UUL . 15. 

Oft* wounds from foreign violence we feci. 
Now from the ruffian's, now the warrior's, fVeel; 
Hy bruifcs or by lalx)ur we arc pain'd j 
A bone disjointed, or a fmew llrain'd ; 
Now feftcring fores afilift our tortur'd; 20 

Now to the yielding heait the gangrene climbs. 

Acute diftcrapers fierce our veins aflail, 
Rufh on with fury, and by florra prevail ; 
Others with thrift difpenfe their ftbres of grie^ 
And by the fap prolong the (iegc of life i 55 

While to tlie grav^ we for deliverance cry,;. 
And, promis'd Hill, are dill denied to die.. 

See Colic, Gout, and Stone, a cruel train,. 
Oppos'd bv all the healing race in vaia; 


'■iltit AT l6 N. BookV. 151 

TWr ▼aridtte ti«ik» libd Kngering plagues employ, ^ 

Relieve ekh otlietr, andlrf turnt annoy, I 

Andy tyrant like, torment, biit not deftroy. J 

We noxious infe£b in our bowels feed, 

Engender deaths, and dark defhruf^lon breed. 

The Spleen with fullen vapours clouds the brain, 35 

And binds the fpirits in its heavy chain : 

Howe'er the caufe fantaftic may appear, 

Th' tfkGt is real, and the pain (incere. 

Hydropic wretches by degrees decay, 

Growing the more, the more they wade away ; 40 

By their own ruins they augmented lie, 

V^itk thirft and heat amidd a deluge fry : 

And while in floods of water thefe expire. 

More fcorching perilh by the Fever's fire ; 

Stretch'd on our downy, yet uneafy beds, 45 

We change our pillows, and we raife our heads i 

From (ide to fide for refl in vain we turn, 

With cold we (hiver, or with heat we byrn j 

Of night impatient, we demand the day t 

The day arrives, and for the night we pray j r© 

The night and day fucceflive come and go. 

Our lading pains no interruption know. 

Since Man is born to fo much woe and care. 
Mud dill new terrors dread, new forrows bear ; 
Does it not fuit the date of human kind, 55 

There (hould prefkle a good Almighty Mind ? 
A Caufc bupreroe, that might all nature deer. 
Avert our danger, and prevent our fear ; 
Who, when implor'd, might timely fuccour give. 
Solace our anguifli, and our wants relieve •, 

L 4 le^>\Mt^ 


Father of comfort, might our fouls fuftain, . 
"W'htn preft with grief, and mitigate our pain ? 

Tis ccnain fomething from all ages pad 
Without beginning was, and fUll will lad ; 
For if of time one period e'er had been 45 

When nothing was, then nothing could Itegin. 
That things fliould to themfelves a being give, 
Relu6lant reafon never can conceive. 
If you affirm, effe£ls themfelves produce. 
You ihock the mind, and contradidion chufe } 79 

For they. Vis clear, mud aft and move, before 
They were in being, or had motive power; 
As aftive caufes mud of right at once 
Exidence claim, and as eflfcfts renounce. 
Then fomething is, which no beginning had, 75 

A caufelefs Caufe, or nothing could be made. 
Which mud by pure neceflity exid. 
And whofe duration nothing can refid. 

I^t us enquire, and fearch by due degrees, 
What, who, this Sclf-exitlent being is. g#, 

Should this material world's capacious frame 
Vncaus'd and independent being claim ; 
It would, thus form'd and fafliion'd as we fee. 
Derive exidence from necedity, 

An»l then to ages uncontin'd mud lad I5 

Without the lead diverdty or wade. 
Kecctlity, view'd with attentive thought. 
Does plain impoHihility denote, 
That things fliould not txid, which aftual are. 
Or in another ihape, or different modcb appear. 


CREATION. Soolc T. 155 

But fee, in all corporeal Nature'^ fcene, 
What changes, what diveriitjes^ have been F 
Matter not long the fame appearance makes. 
But fhifts her old, and a new figure takes : 
If now Ihe lies in Winter's rigid arms, f 5 

Di(honour*d, and dcfpoil'd of all her charms. 
Soft vernal airs will loofe th' unkind embrace. 
And genial dews renew her withered face j 
Like fabled nymphs transformed, fl)c '« niow a tree, 
Now weeps into a flood, and (Vreaming feekvthe Tea { io# 
She *s now a gaudy fly, before a worm. 
Below a vapour, and above a dorm ; 
This ooze was late a ntonfler of the main. 
That turf a Ipwing grazer of the plain, 
A lion this did o'ler the foreft reign. 105 

Regard that fair, that branching laurel-plant. 
Behold that lovely bluibing amarant ; 
One might have William's broken frame afTum'd, 
And one from bright Maria's dud have bloom 'd. 
.Thefe ihifting fcenes, thefe quick rotations, ihow 
Things from neceHfity could never flow. 
But mud to mind and choice precarious being owe. 

Let us fuppofe that Nature ever was, 
Without beginning, and without a caufe ^ 
-As her fird order, difpofition, frame, * it^ 

Mud then fubfid unchangeably the fame ; 
So mud our mind pronounce, it would not be 
Within the reach of poflibility. 
That e'er the woikl a being could have had 
Diti*;;reat from what it Is, or could be made t2« 





Of more or lefs, or other parts, than thofe 

Which the corporeal unirerfe compofe. 

Now, Fatalift, we a(k, if thofe fuhvert 

Reafon*s eftabii(h*d maxims, who adert 

■That we the world's exiftence may concerre, 1x5 

Though we one atom out of Kature leave ; 

Though ibme one wandering orb, or twinkling iW^ 

Were abfent firom the heavens, which now is there ; 

Though fome one kind of plant, or fly, or worn, 

^o being had^ or htd another's form ? 130 

And might not other animals arife, 
Of different figure, and of different fize } 
Jn the wide womb of pGFflibility 
Lie many things, which ne'er may a£lutl be ; 
And 'more produ6kion8 of a various kind 1^5 

Will caule no contradi£^ion in the mind. 
Tis poflfible the things in Niiture found 
Might different forms and different parts have own'd : 
The boar might wear a trunk, the wolf a horn. 
The peacock's train the bittern might adorn j 14^ 

Strong tufks might in the horfe's mouth have grown. 
And lions might have fpots, and leopards none. 

But, if the world knows no fuperior caufc. 
Obeys no fovercign's arbitrary laws; 
If abfolute neceffity maintains 145 

Of caufes and effe£^s the fatal chains; 
What could one motion ftop, change one event } 
"it would tranfcend the wide, the vaft extent. 
The utmoft ftrctch of pofTibility, 
That things^ from what they are,. Ihould difagree. 15* 


.2 leA'S A T X O N. BoaK V. i^ 

' dU tff iMir riiil ilMfoaing, yov reply, 
lliibgK>»litt!tliiff aie^ avt l^ neceifityi 
Which never clfe To apdy could confpure 
To ferte the wholcy tnd Nature^ ends acqaire } ' 

To forni the hesutf , order, htwinoiiy, t6« 

<^^ich we thioogh iifl the works of Nansre fee ] 
Ready we this alTertioii will alkwr, 
For what tan more exalted wiTdom .fhow } 
With zeal we this neceility defend n 

Of means direded to their ufeful end % H$ f 

9ut 'ti<» not that which Fatalifts intend, J* 

Nor that which we oppofe in this deban. 
An uncontroi'd neceffity of fate. 
Which all things blindly does and mvtft produce, ^ 
Unconictous of their goodnefs and their ufe, 1 

Which cannot onds defign, not* means convenient f 
chufe. ' tTJ 

If you perfift, and fondly will maintain 
Of caufcs and ei¥e6b an endlefs train ; 
That this fuccelliive fcrics dill has been, 
Will never ceafe, and never did begin; 
That things did always, as they do, proceed, 17^ 

And no Firfl Caufe, no wife Diredx)r, need : 
Say, if no links of all your fatal chain 
Free from corruption and unchang'd remain ; 
If of the whole each part in time arofe, 
And to a caufe its borrowM being owes ; aSs 

How then the whole can independent be } 
How hav^ a being from, neceflity ? 
Is not the whole, ye learned heads, the fame^ 
Wkh all the parts, and diferent but in name ^ 



Could e'er that whole the lead perfe£lion (how, iS^ 
Which from tlie pans, that form it, did not flow ? 
Then, tell us, can ir from its parts derive, 
What in thcmfelves thofe pans had not to give ? 

Farther to clear the fubje£^ in debate. 
Inform us, what you under Aand by Face* 19^ 

Have you a jufl idea in the mind 
Of this ereat caufc of things by you a(llgn*d ? 
If you the order and dependence mean 
By which effe£^s upon their caufes lean. 
The long fuccedion of th* efficient train, 19^ 

And 6rm coherence of th' extended chain { 
Then Fate is nothing but a mode of things. 
Which from continued revolution fprings ; 
A pure relation and a mere refpedb 
Between the caufe efre6live and th' eflef):. 2C* 

If caufes and effe6ls themfclves are that 
Which your clear-fighted fchools intend by Fatcj 
Then Fate by no idea can be known, 
'Tis one thing only, as a heap is one ; 
You no diftinguifli'd being by it mean, 205 

But all th' etfc£ls and caufes that have been. 
If you affert, that each efficient cauTe 
Muft aft by fix'd inevitable laws j 
If you affirm this necelury ftate, 

And tell us this necfclfity is Fate ; 2i» 

When w H you blcfs the world with light to fee 
The fpring and fource of ihis tieccflity ? 
Say, what did fo dilpofc, fo things ordain 
To form the links of all the cafual chain, 


•3C*|C1LATI01I. BoosV. t$f 

Mcl^riMviuttfaw ti5 

li.nwi <■> liij, 1** fc«p ot flarfy coarfe? 
dhii^ moft JMcdt in one let order low* 
all events moft iMppen as they do) 
^oa no proof of your aflenkm find ? 
ice no leafoQ to ooovince tlie mind, sa# 

NacQie diis detenninM way muft go ? 
11 things thus, becaufe diey muft be (b ? 
[rant with eafe there is necenity, 
»oarce of things ihonld felf-exiftent be. 
benHe'snotaneoeflary cauie; Ai^ 

edy a£b by aihitrary laws: 
ive to beings motive energy, 
iB&9t dungs to pafl^ve did a{^y t 
h wife order all things did dUpolet 
Q^ events neioeiKty «rofe : «3« 

Mit his tid, fay, how yoo will maintaiii 
^^ Hnk of caufes ? Hence *tis plain, 
: the word Fate you thus ailed to ufe, 
oin a fenfelefs tenoy th* unwary to amufe. i3« 
I9 who alierrthe world did ne'er commence, 
•e againft this reafoning your defence, 
r beams, which through th' expanfion dart, 
real are, ts learned fchools aflcrt ; 
till they How, and no fupply repays §35 

▼ifli Sun his diflipatcd rays 1 
*« his radiant orb did ne'er begin, 
'^ W« «>»otions have eternal been, 
*^^^'^, infinite expcnce, 
"*'***^ Waiac, and (p^^ tmioctde^ 14* 


B^ certain fats to fiov.* ddtroAion dooin*d, 

Hli glorious ftock long iiace had been coofum'd ; 

Of light unihrifty, and profufe of day. 

The ru'inM globe had fpenc hh latcft rtf, 

Difpcrs'd in beams eternaHr difplay'd, 245 

Had 1g(1 in zther roam'd, and looT* in atoms ftrayVL 

Grant, that a grain of matter would oatwei^ "l 
The light the fun difpenfes in a day f 

Through all the Aages of his heairenly way ; ^ 

That in a year the golden torrents, fent z^^* 

Fro«i the bright fource, its lolSn fcarce augment; 
Yet without end if you the waAe repeat, 
Th* eternal lofs grows infinitely great. 
Then, ibould the fan of finite bulk fud^ 
In every age the lofs but of a grain ; %^^. 

If we fuppofe thofe ages infinite. 
Could there remain one- particle of light }. 

Reflc£l, that motion muft abate its force, 
As more or lefs ob(lru£i:ed in its courfe ; 
Tliat all tlie lieavenly orbs, while turning xound, %io 
Have (ome refiftance from the medium found : 
Be that refidance ne'er fo faint and weak, 
If 'tis eternal, 'twill all motion break ; 
If in each age you grant the leafl decreafe. 
By infinite fucceflion it mufl ceafe. 2^x 

Hence, if the orbs have flill refilled beeti 
By air, or ligl\ty or aether ne'er fo thin ; 
Long fince their motion muft have been fupprefl^ ^ 
H^c liars had flood, the fun liad lain at reft; I 

So>vain, fo wild a fcbcme, yov Fatalifb faave drtis*d. J 


Lit vt the wife pqfitioiu now funrey 
Of Arillocle*t.(iBlfMU who 's pleis'd to fay 
Nodung can more itielfi no inwtrd power 
To any being motion can procure. 
Whate*pr it moy*d, its motion mud derive t*j^ 

Fxom fomething elfe, which mud an impulfe ^Te s 
And yet no being motioD could begin ; 
. Elfe modon might not have eternal been. 
That matter never did begin to move. 
Bat in th' immenfe from endlefs ages ftrove^ ato t 
The Sugyrite thus undertakes to prove* J 

He faySy of motion time the meafure is i 
Then that '% eternal too, as well as .thia. 
BAodon through ages without limit flows» 
Since ttme« its meafure, no beginning knowi* at 5 
Tlus feeble bafe upholds our Author's hopet» 
And all his mighty fuperftru£^ure props. 
On this he all his towering fabric rears* - 
Sequel on fcciuel heaps» to reach the fplccea* 
But if thif definition you deny ^f9'\ 

Of time, on which his building does rely, \ 

You bring his lofcy Babel from the (ky < J 

A thoufand fine deduf^ions you confound, ^ 

Scatter his wade philofophy around, I 

And level all his (lru6):ure with the ground. 195 J 

We then this definiuon thus defeat : 
Time is no meaCure, which can motion meet 1 
For men of xeafoning faculties will fee* 
That time can nothing but duration be > 

Of beings ; and duration can fugged 209- 

Nodiing or of their motion, or their red ; 


Only prolong'd cxiftcnce it implies, 

Whether the thing is mov*d, or quiet lies. 

This fingle blow will all the pile fubvert, 

So proudly rais'd, but with fo little art. 305 

But, fince the Author has fuch fame acquir'd, 
iknd )rs a God of fcience been admir'd, 
A ftri£ter view we *ll of his fyftcm take. 
And of the parts a Ihort examen make. 
Let us obferve, what light his fcheme affords, 310 

His undigefted heap of doubtful words. 
Great Stagyrite, the loft enquirer fhow 
The fpriDg, whence motion did for ever flow ; 
Since nothing of itfelf e'er moves or drives. 
Tell what begins, what the fird impulfe gives. 315 

Hear how the man, who all in fame furmountSf 
For motioD^l fpring and principle accounts. 
To his fupreme, unmov'd, una£);ive God, 
He the firft fphere appoints, a bled abode ) 
Who (its fupinely on his azure throne, 3£» 

In contemplation of himfelf alone ; 
Is wholly mindlefs of the world, and void 
Of providential care, and unemployed. 
To all the fpheres inferior are atfign'd 
Gods fubahern, and of inferior kind : 32^ ' 

On thcfe he fclf-exiftence docs confer. 
Who, as the God fuprcrae, eternal are ; 
With admiration mov'd, and ardent love. 
They all their fpliere^ around in order move 5 
And from thcfe heavenly revolutions flow 33^ 

All mocionsy which are found in things below. 

7 If 

CREATION. Book V. t6i 

If you demand by what impulfive force 
The Undcr-God« begin their circling courfe : 
He^faySy as things dcfirable excite 
Deilre, and obje£ts move the appetite j 335 

So his firft God, by kindling ardent love. 
Does all the Gods in feats inferior move : 
Thus mov*d, they move around their mighty fpheres, 
IM^th their refulgent equipage of ftars 5 
From fphere to fphere communicate the dance^ 340 
Whence all in heavenly harmony advance $ 
And froim this motion propagated rife 
All motions in the earth, and air, and ikies. 
' And thufr by learned Ariftotle's mind 
All things were form*d, yet nothing was dciign'd. 341 
He owns no choice, no arbitrary will, 
ffo artifl*s hand, and no exerted ikill^ 
All motion flows from neceffary fate, 
Which nothing does reiid, or<:an abate; 
Things (ink and rife, a being lofe or gain 350 1 

In a coherent, undifTolving chain 
Of caufes and efFefts, which Nature*s courfe fuflain. 
Th' unmoveable Supreme the reft does move. 
As proper obje£^s raife defire and love ; 
They, mov'd without their choice, without confent, 355 
^Move all their fpheres around without intent : 
Whate*er he calls his moving caufe, to chufe 
He gives that caufe no power, or to refufe. 
And thus from fate all artful order fprings. 
This rear'd the world, this is the rife of things. 360 

Now give us leave to aik, great Stagyrite ! 
■' How the firft God th' inferior does excite. 

M Of 




Of his own fuhflaoce does he parts convey, 

VVhofc motive force thp Uiwdcr-Gods obey ? 

If fo, he may be changVly he may decay. , 565 j 

But if by fteadfad gazing they are mov'dy 

And admiration of the obje£t lpv*d j 

If thofe below their motive force acquitjc 

From the (Irong inipulfjp of divine detire ; 

Tell us, what good your God Suprame can grant, 370 

Which thofe beneath, to make them happy, want. 

If admiration of the God Supreme, 

And heavenly raptures, ihould their breails inflame. 

Is that of motion a refilUefs caufe, 

Of motion con (lant to eternal laws ? 275 

Might not each fecond God ina&ive lie 

On his blue fphere, and £x his ravi|h'd eye 

On the Supreme Unmoveable, and ne'er 

Be forc'd to roll around his folid f|^ere? 

Say, how could wonder drive them from their place? . 

How in a circle make them run their race ? 

How keep them fteady in one certain pace ? 
He this a fundamental maxim lays, 

That Nature wifely a6ls in all her ways ; 

That Ihe purfues the things which mofl conduce 3S5 

To order, beauty, decency, and ufe. 

Who can to reafon this affront endure ? 

Should it derifion caufe, or apger more> 

To hear a deep philofopher aflert 

That Nature, not endued witli Ikill or art, 3^0 

Of liberty of choice, of reafon void. 

Still wifely ads, wherc-cver ihe *s employed ? 



. C R P A T I p fJ. Book V. i(| 

Can a6U9iis be 4wQffiiiuit94 wifct 

WJuch from a brute De<:e^ty arife* 

Which the blind agent nevec did intend, 395 

The niean$ unch(^isn» and unknown the end } 

On this be laid the flre^ of this debate ; 
What wifely ads can never aSt by face. 
Tim means and end muft firll be underdpod ; 
*^hc means, as proper; and the end, as good ; 40^ 
The a£k mud be exerted with intent 
By uiing means to gain the wi(h'd event. 
But can a fenlelefs and unconfcious caufe, 
$y foreign impulfe ^lov^dy and fatal laws, 
This thing as good, and chat as fit, refpe^^^ 495 

Defign the end, and then the me^i^s ele6t ? 
Nature, you grant, can pp event intepd. 
Yet that (he a6ks with prudence you pretend : 
So Nature wifely a£ts, yet a6ts without an end ! 

Yet while this Prince of fcience does declare 419 
That means or ends were never Nature's care. 
That things, which fecm with perfe«St art contrived. 
By the rcfiftlefs force of fate arriv'd 5 
This cautious mader, to fecure his fame, 
And 'fcape the Atheid's ignominious name^ 41c 

Did to his Gods of all degrees allow 
Counfel, 4^%py and power to chufe and know. 
Yet, fmce he 's pleas'd fo plainly t9 affert^ 
Hit Gods no z6k of reafoning pow;cr exerts 
No mark of choice, pr arbitrai^y \yill, 41a 

Employ'd no prudence, and exprefs'd no fkiU^ 
)9^ mfil^ng or dire£^ing Nature's frame. 
Which from his fate inevitable came j 

M a Thcle 




Thcfe Gods mud, as to us, be brute and blind^ 

And as unufeful, as if void of mind : ^^^ 

A£ling without intent, or care, or aim. 

Can they our prayer regard, or praifet claim ? 

Of all the irreligious in debate. 

This ihameful error is the common fate i 

That though they cannot but diflin^y fee 430 

In Nature's works, and whole ceconomy, 

Deiign and judgement in a high degree ; 

This judgement, this deiign, they ne'er allow 

Do from a caufe endued with reafon flow. 

The art they grant, th' artificer rejeA, 43 j 

The (faru^^une own, and not the archlte£k ; 

That imwife Nature all things wifely makes. 

And prudent meafures without prudence takes. 

Grant that their admiration and their love 
Of the firft God may all th' inferior move ; 449 

Grant too, though no neceility appears. 
That, with their rapture mov'd, they move their fphecest 
Thcfe queftions let the Stagyrite refolvc. 
Why they at all, why in tliis way, revolve ? 
Declare by wlwit necetlity contrord, 4^3 

In one dctermih*d manner they are roll'd ? 
Why is their fwift rotation weft and eaft. 
Rather than north and fouth, or eaft and weft? 
WMiy do not all th' interior fpheres obey 
The highcft fphere's inevitable fway ? 4^0 

Tell us, if all celeftial motions rife 
From revolutions of the ftarry ikies. 



.i; IliiEATIOR Book V. i6$ 

Whaaorof ttf okIm Ac varioiis motions come } 

Wliyibme the genml lotd porfoe ? indfome 

In 0ther Iknyi and difobedient roam ? 45 5 * 

If yours the fourcc of motion is, declare. 

Why this is fiz'dy and that a wandering iUr ? 

Tell by what fite, by what refiftlefs force, 

Thit orb has one, and that another courfe ? 

How does the learned Greek the caufe unfold 46^ 
With equal fwiftnefs why the fun is rolPd 
Sdll eaft and wef^ to mark the night and day ? 
To form the year why through th' ecliptic way ? 
What magic, what neceffity^ confines 
The folar orb between the tropic lines ? 465 

What charms in thofe enchanted circles dwell. 
That with contioling power the fun repel ? 
The Stagyri^ to this no anfwer makes $ 
Of the Taft globe fo little thought he takes. 
That he to folve thefe queftions never flrives, 470 

No caufe or of its place or motion gives. 

But farther yet, applauded Greek, fuppofe 
Celeflial motions from your fpring arofe ; 
That motion down to all the worlds below 
From the firft fphere may propagated flow s 47 j 

Since you of things to (how th' efficient foorce 
Have always to ncccffity rccourfe ; 
From what necedity do fpheres proceed 
With fuch a meafur'd, fuch a certain fpeed? 
We fain would this myfterious caufe explore, 480 

Why motion was not either lefs or more. 
But in this jufl proponton and degree, • 
As fuits with Nature's juft oeconomy. 

lU BLACK MORE'S ? O ft M S. 

This is a caufe, a right one too, \vt grant, 

l?\it *tis the final, \vc th* efficient want j 4S5 

With greater fwifincfs if the fphcres were whirl'd. 

The million i;ivcn to this inferior world 

Too violent hail been for Nature's ufc, 

0[ too ccrcat force mixM hoiltes to produce j 

TIjc Elen\cnts, Air, Water, Earthy and Fire, 490 

"tVhicii now to make compounded things confpire^ 

I>y their rude (hock? could never have combin*d> 

Or had l>ecn difengag'd as foon as joinM : 

Kut then had motion in a lefs degree 

Ikcn ^ivcn, than that wliich we in l^ature fee | 495 

Of g: cater vij>our (he had ftood in need, 

To mix and blend the elemental feed, 

To temper, wxnk, incorporate, and bind 

Thofc principles, that thence of every kind 

The various compound lieings might arife, 5^6 

^V!\ich fill the earth and fca, and ftore the Ikics. 

S;'.y, what ncccllity, what fatal laws, 

Vul in fuch due pio*j"»orr;on motion cr.ufv*. 

Nor nunc or U'U. hut iuft to much as leiuh 

To fiamc the worlJ, and fcrve all Nature's ends ? 505 

Alk why the highcft of the rollinir fphcres, 
DctkM to profufion with rtfulgcn: liars. 
And all wii!\ biiiih: cxcicfccnccs emhi.n-, 
Has ihc wl. o'.c I'caury of the hcaver.s engroft j of the others, to uif^M:! the night, 510 

Kach owns a Hngle folirarj* light; 
Only one planet in a fphcrc is found, 
Maitlung in air lus melancholy roucd : 


^ tC Jt S A T I O N. Bdbt V. i«7 
|f|tan» ht ttlli H' tObk thit fniidenc carc> 
That^llw ftUUMItit Ud tbe nobttft fphehi $i^ 

Should b« wtth nobldr ifecoration bhftj 

And in magnificctice oatfhine the refti 

That fo its greater ornamietit and fUte 

Should bear proportion with, its greater height. 

It feems then Nanire docs not only find 5x0 

Means to be good, beneficent, and kind» 

But has for beauty and fbf order car'd, 

Does rank, and date, and decency, regard* 

Nowyibould he not coniidering men forgi^e^ 
If, fway'd by tiiis aflertion, they believe, 525 

That Nature, which does decency refpeft, 
Is fometbirigy which can reafon, chufe, refle£l ? 
Or that fome wife Dire€^or muft preTide 
Oler .Nature's works, and all her motions guide? 
You here ihould that neceffity declare, 530 

Why all the ftars adorn the higheft fphere: 
Say, how is this th' tffc6k of fatal laws. 
Without refledling on a final taufe } 
One fphere has all the ftars } we aik you, why } 
When you to l)eauty and to order fly, 535 

Tou plain aflcrt the truth which you dcnyj 
That is, that Nature has wife ends in view, 
With forefight works, and tlocs defigns purfue. 

Thus all the mighty wits, that have clfay'd 
To explicate the means how things are made 540 

By Nature's power, without the Hand Divine^ 
The fioal eaufes of efre6i:s affign. 
They fay, that this or that is fo or fo, 
ITImc fuch events in fuch fuccellion flow $ 

M 4 'E&c2i\x^c 


,t: I-. •. A fj r ^r o i I r ? riiti. 

l^t- ■ '*. ■•*■ '^ii V* '. .■■•.S'K- iinju*t aui. uraauBL 
f ..» . • ".• • '.*.:u*j"'."u.^'j\r. iiiwav: vaiin: 
*■ ft.. 1... ..■,'.«., Wi !»•;«. ^:i^ UiWii^?. 

j'- ■ ■; ■. tr** V v.'.C 'iA «W-I'aUt Xt I 

/ . ■ yitti* '-.^ •! ;rA«-siv,»: v' Ciam'zt mm fag.; ^r 
fv. ■■'••.* ^ 't.v*r vv 1^••.«• nearfiitr 

I,. . .}.. N .'» ft;/.'. :• i» -v,-: Tibri ac^anaL. 
#..,.1 r« #*•*/* <^'T..;j,C, ic jjr: rah tzaaiB^ irs 

Hi- I.« m f',, •» '. 'i j'/'.'/n '\ i-:.'. iLi ziZLiz^ 
'I ill J . ff'/tri '//),»? i,^t.':lf;ry i*. Ci.'r.t • 

Hi- il'ff.'r.Ji, «'j»*'., v/;i;'.f, »ir, ar. * f:rt, 

I!' fjv"!» '•' rri^k', rfii ••iif.j/our.'i Jr.irgi confplrc; 

ll( Ml ill' II. i >' Irj-.c-, tli': riull ca.'tii at rcfr^ 

1m iI.' Iiil( lH.lf/i*i fii ilic an CiircH ; ^-^ 

Till- f'>l wiii({'it i.rr: iiiijfr 'i, tlic rnoon arife, 

M'lvci iii«n, aii'l li<.k Luriij^uouii ikies ; 

I ... > 1.01 111%, ii'i f'lti r, can make the fire dcfcendy 

I liii t mi ili(. (41 ill I'i icar*i iupcrlur tu:cly 


C R E A T I O N. Book V, 169 

Both unmolefted peace for ever owi>, '^y^ 

This in the middle, that beneath the moon r 
Water and air not fo ; for they, by fate 
Aflign'd to conftant duty, always wait $ 
Ready by turns to rifb or to defcend, 
litture againft a vacant to defend ; ^S9 

For fhould a void her monarchy invade, 
Should in her works the fmalleft breach be made. 
That breach the mighty fabrick would diilblve. 
And in immediate ruin all involve. 
A iconfequence fo difmal to prevent, ^85 

Water and air are flill (as faid) intent 
To mount or fall, this way or that to fly. 
Seek fubterranean vaults, or climb the iky | 
While thefe with fo much duty are opprcft. 
The earth and fire are privileg d with reft. 590 

Thefe elements, 'tis clear, have not difccra'd 
The intereft of the whole, nor are concern'd 
Left they, wlien once an interpoilng void 
Has Nature's frame o'erturnM, Ihould be deftroy*d. 

Tell, why thefe fimple elements are four? ^9^ 

Why juft fo many f why not Icfs or more > 
Does this from pure neceility proceed ? 
Or fay, does Nature juft that number need? 
If this, you mock us, and decline the tafk, 
You give the final caufc, when we th' efficient afk. 600 
If that, how often Ihall we call in vain 
That you would tliis ncccfiity explain ? 

But here forgive me, famous Stagyritc, 
If I efteem ic idle to recite 



-^^ -^-' —, • - — ^ -: -,j^ vr.ica "ca zrre. 

T ■•»' "-•^ fcr . ,- -*c'i. roc. Tuctf *.zaare msir. 
T"-';- • »r*ir— t^ rrant ^os. sow Jcciarc. 

/ -•* ♦••■7 T!»:r ■''^ F''* Far"rr-, 

7 •- V**: nraren vr -.*c .'mb^ skmut;. 

7 ••: 'rr. -wn**- ,, !. a ?»;»-«• vmocs aow -, 

/-! -T ->»■: .-"-:': '•; r/-;': » .^jv»j dicr 

/. . -•• r ?; A- 1 : :.'. ;7T'ir:«-ir rrr^vis fi'Tiai: r 

?. *^ i "••, v/ "TV> '. y.v - ? N ar :; r* 1 sr-iwr, 

f?*-*:* "••?''», r'"»*-:, x:/i r :-<?*".'> ar.'.r, 

'f » -; ' 'V ''», *•■' ? • v.'i ~ ;*i^,r; of :.-^ :1cic: ! 

f'^"'* t'^ V';* ?"■>.'.% »r.»t lri*-jr,t :.-.^ >:.! or aac<iy 

'f h>* h*:** Oi* «>r, or t'Jt T.e i:rr;r,:i f.'x>c: ! €25 

h\7'ri iv^ftf ♦li'.»r fy'/H, J cr<C€ ir"* r/?.ine came, 

Hf«»5i»iiM *)f. purf j»ir, ?r./l ftit the viral Aame ! 

fi»y, is not th)c « noM'; f theme, a piece 

Wfir^hy tlie Rtiip;vrlT':^ ar.*l worthy Greece ? 

ttiif riRW, firiitff philofophcr, declare 630 

IImw this fnta»l»ih nf the heavenly fphcre 
f 'nn minplf? Tire ami Water, earth and air? 
'J'hf Titr thflt dwells hencath the lunar ball^ 
*l niert afiiending carthi mud downwiird fall. 



C R B A T I N: B6bfe t. iff 

Now turn ya^r fphere conkigubiis fcb Ac fire> ^3 5 

Wai from its feat that element retire ? - ' ' 

The fphere dould never diiVe its neighbour dbWti^ 
But give a ciit^lin^ motron, like itfi o^n. 
to givte th« iir iinpreilion frotti abotfe. 
It in a whirl vertiginous wotiW ttwj^fe : 64* 

And thus the rfaliihg ti>hcres c4tt fitter difplia'ce 
The fire or ait, "to mikfc si niinjglied liiaft : 
The elemcAts di{Hn€b itoight keiep thei ir ftitj 
Eldde the ruffle, and your fcheme defeat. / 

But iibce th* applauded author will demiih4 64J 

For complex bodies no direftor's hind; 
Since art without an artill he inaintaiils> 
A building fears Without a builder's pains ; 
He comes at length to Epicurus* fcheme, 
Plcas'd by his iiibdel compound ^tks to firMe. 4^5* 
One all his various atoms does unitV 
To form mixt things j the famdus Stagyritt, 
By his invented demeiits combiri'd, 
Compofes beings of each different kind : 
But both agree, while both alike deny 655 

The Gods did e'er their care or thought apply 
To form or rule this univerfal frame, 
Which or from fate or cafual cbncburfe camci 
Whether Ito raife the world you are ihclin'd 
By this man's chance, or that man^s fate, as blind; 66b 
If flill mechanic, liecelTary laws 
Of moving matter muft all beings caufe ; 
If artful Works from a brute ciiufe refult. 
From fpiings unknown, and qualities occult ; 
With fchemes alike abfvrd our reafon you infult. 




And noWy to finiih this Icfs pleafant tafk. 
Of our renown'd philofepfecr we aik. 
How was the earth determin'd to its place ? 
Why did it firft the middle point embrace ? 
What blandiflimentSy what ftroi^ atcni£dve powers 670 
What happy arts adapted to allure. 
Were by that iingk point of all the void 
To captivate and charm the mafs empUy'd ? 
Or what machines, what grapples, did it caft 
On earth, to fix it to the centre fad ? 675 

But if the earth, by ftrong enchantment caught. 
This point of all the vacant fondly fought. 
Since it is unintelligent and blind. 
Could it the way, the nearcft could it find > 
When at that point arrivM, how did it know 680 

Jt wai arriT'd, and ihould no farther go ? 
When in a globous form collefted there. 
What wondrous cement made the parts cohere ? 
Why did the orb fufpended there remain 
Fix'd and unmov'd ? what docs its weight fuftain ? 685 
T,ell what its fall prevents; can liquid air 
The ponderous pile on its vireak columns bear } 
The canh muft, in its gravity's dcfpight, 
l-phold iifclf J our carclcfs Stagyritc 
Wr its lup^xMt has no provifion maJe, 690 

No pillar ixai'd, and no foumiaiion hid : 
Whtn b\ ivouit and unknown jrvavicv 
' li< to its {Virion bri^u^nt* it there mufi lie 
In \r.uM?hMV\i iy|\MV ; in viir. we aik him, why ? 

^.^^ , It the Wiv'd ur.cijs'd oid Eccr bcgis, 
*|" N -1 ; ;•. i V N\ ".I Ai . ;. v$ \\ 1 < xi w:. ;> I- c ■: :; ; ( ^ ; 

V .■ 


fiPMU'ATi^V. BmxV» 171 

Wllf do Wf^iKMf A& fM^ ibflig einploy 

Befcn d» rMmmwtf or fi^-oC Ttoyi 

And whf n^'dder hifioriM relate 

The rife -of empirest tad the turat of fitte ? ^eo 

If genentioiiB infinite aregone, 
fen, wh^ fo late were am and letters known f 
Thdr rife and piogteft k of recent date. 
And (till we mourn their yoong imperfeft flaie. 
if onconfinM duration we regard, «7#| 

And time be with etermty compar*d. 
But yefteiday dieiages of die Saft. 
Firft (bme erudeluiowkdgeof the ftan esprsft. 
[ In (acred emblems Egypt's fons conceal'd 
Thrir myftic learning, rather dian itveaVd. ^«o 

Greece after this, for fubde wit renowned. 
The fdences and arts improT'd or "fbtind ;' 
Tirft, caufes'fearch'd, «nd Harare's fecret Wiyvj 
Firft taught the bards to fing immortal lajrsi 
The charms of muiick and of painting rau'd, -/ 1 ^ 

And was for buildingfirft, and-firft for fculprareprais'd« 

Man in mechanic arts did lace excel^^ 
That faccour life, and noxous power repel i 
Which yield -fupplies for neceifary ufc, 
Or whidito pleafure or to pomp conduce. jt9 

How lace was found the loadfbne's magtc force, 
That feeks the north, and guides the fatlor^ courfe I 
How newly did the printer's curious fiull 
Th' enligliten'd world with lettei'd volumes fill ! 
But late the kindled powder did explode ■ ^i^ 

The mafly ball, and die brafs rabe imbad i 


The tube, to whoie loud thooder Allklof» Qi^Qpt 
The laurel honoun that adom her brovni 
Which awful, during eight rcDown'd campaigns^ 
From Bclgia's hiils» and Gallia's frqnti^ plaiu, 730 
tHd through th' admiring realms aroimd produm 
Marlborough*! fwift conqueib, and grca; Anna's naoie! 

By this the leader of the Bricifli powers 
Shook Menio, Lilla, and high Gaoda'a t»we» ; 
Next hit wide engines k^el'd Toumay's pri4e, 735 
Whofe lofty walls advancing foes defy'd ; 
Though nitrous tempeiUy and clandeftv>c deaths 
Fiird tly deep caves and numerous vaubs beneatjlv 
Which, form'd with ai^« and wrought y/'^ cnd^ic tpO^ 
|tan through the fiuthlcfs c]^vf ted kiL 7^ 

See, the intreipjid Qriton delves his way. 
And to the caveins ]fiti in war and dajj 
<}jiells fubtq^ranean foes, and nfes crovypu'd 
With fpoils, fronji m^sd labour under ground. 
Mons, to rewar^l Bl^gnia's glorious field, 74$ 

To Marlborough's terrors did fubmidive yield. 
Tlic hero next alTaird proud Doway's head j 
And fpitc of confluent inundations fpread 
Aruund, in fpite of works for fure defence 
Rais'd with confuminate art, and cod immenfe, 7541 
With unexampled valour did fucceed : 
(Velars, thy hoft beheld the haxdy deed I) 
Aria, Venantia, Bethune, and Bouchain, 
Of his long triumphs dofe th' illudrious train. 
While thus his thunder did his M^ath declare, 75$ 

And. artful lightnings flaih'd along the air, 

z Somona's 

CREATION. Book V. 175 

Somoni's caftlet with th' impetuous roar 

Aibiiiih'd tiembley but their warriors more; 

Lutetia*8 lofty towers with terror ftruck 

Caught the contagLoDy aod at clidaace (hook. ^69 

Tell, Gallic chiefs, for you have often lieard 

His dreadful cannon, and his fire rever'd, 

Tell, how you rag'd, when your pale cohorts run 

From Marlborough's fword, the battle fcarcc begun. 

Tell, Scaldis I Legia, tell ! how to their head 565 

Your frighted waves in refluent errors fled. 

While Marlborough's cannon thus prevails by land, 
Britain's fea-chiefs, by Anna's hitrfa command, 
R^fiftlf^fs o*jBr the Thufcan billpws ri^e, 
And AriKf uebcUowing c^vcs on cither iide; 770 

Thoir fulphur tempeftt ring from ihore to ihorCf 
Vow make the Ligur ftart, and now the Moor. 
Hark how the found difturbs imperious Rome, 
Shaket her proud hills, and rolls from dome to dome ! 
Her mitred princes hear the echoing noife, 775 

And, Albion, dread thy wrath, and awful voice. 
Aided by thee, the Auftrian eagles rife 
Sublime, ^T\d triumph in Iberian fkics. 
What panic fear, what anguifb, what diflrefs, 
What conflcrnation, Gallia's fons exprcfs, 78# 

While, trembling on the coad, they from afar 
View the wing'd terrors, and the floating war ! 


I 176 ] 




The fabulous laccouDt of the £rft rife of nunkuid 
given by the ancient poets. The o|nniotis of many 
of the Greek philofophers concerning that point noc 

A lefs ridiculous. Tlie afTertion of EfMcurts and hk 
followers, that our ^ft parents were the fpomaneont 
produ£Hon of the earth, moft abfurd and incredi- 
ble. The true oriein of man enquired into. He in 
proved to be at firlt created by an intelligence aibi- 
trary caufe ; from the chara£^ers and impreflSons of 
contrivance, art, and wi£doni, which appear in his 
formation. The wonderful progrcfs or it. The 
figure, fituation, and connexion, of the bones. The 
fyftem of the veins, and that of the arteries. The 
manner of the circulation of the blood defcribed. 
Nutrition how performed. The fyftem of the nerves. 

^ Of the animal fpirits, how made, and how em- 
ployed in mufcular motion and fenfation. A wife 
mtelligent caufe inferred from thefe appearances. 


.8!C,l«ATION. Book VI. '. (77 

^I^HB ijini W0rM» te Cmwih realms unknown, 
"^ Wbo* Kxiowledge reign'd, and light celedial lhoQe» 
. Loft hf degrees dieir parent Adam's name. 
Forgot their ilock, and wondered whence they came : 
Vxigaided, in the dark they ftrove to find, 5 

Widi fruitleifs tmly the fource of human kind. 

The headien hards, who idle fables dreft, 
nittfiTe dreams in myftic rerfe exprefs'd. 
And, foes to natural fcience and divine, 
]^ hemteons phrafe made impious notions ihi'ne, 10 
In firains fvbUme their different fi£Hons fung, 
Wkaioe the firft parents, of our fpecies fprung. 
. Prfwythryis (f^ (ome elder poets fay) 
%mpa^d and fonn'd a pafte of purer clay, 
TSol wM^ wdl mingled with the river^s ilreami 1 $ 
ffii artful hand gave human (hape and frame | 
Then, with warm life his figures to mfpire. 
The hold proje£br ftole celeftial fire. 

While others tell us how the human brood 
Ow'd.their produ£Hon to the fruitful wood ; ao 

How from, the laurel and the a(h tl^y fprung. 
And infants on the oak, like acorns hung t 
The crude conceptions prcft tlie bending trees. 
Till cheriih'd by the fun-beams, by degrees. 
Ripe children dropp'd on all tlie foil around, 25 

Peopled the woods, and ovcrfpread the ground. 
Great Jupiter (fo fome were pleas'd to fing) 
Of fabled goda the father and the king, 

' N The 


To every doubt your anfvver is the fame, 

It fo fell out, an3 fo by chance it came. ^ 

How (hall the new-born race their food connnand^ 
\y ho cannot change their place, or move a Kaod?. . 
Grant that tltc glebe beneath will never drink,. 
Kor through its pores let the foft humour finis j 
Will not the fun with his exhaling ray ^^ 

ibefraud the babe, and draw his food away ? 

Since for fo long a fpace the human birth 
Muft lie exposed and naked on the earth ; 
"Say, could the tender creature, in defpight 
Of heat by day, and chilling dews by night, lo* 

in fpite of thunder, winds, and hail, and raiOf 
And all inclement air, its life maintain ? 

In vain, you fay, in earth's primaeval ftate^ 
Soft was the air,, and mild the cold and heat ; 
For did not then the night fucceed the day ? 105 

The fun as now roll through its annual way? 
Th* efFefts then on the air muft be the fame. 
The frofts of winter, and the fummer's flame. 

In the firll age, you fay, the pregnant ground 
With human kind in embryo did abound, 1 10 

And pour'd her offspring on the foil around. 
But tell us, Epicurus, why the field 
Did never fince one human harveft yield ? 
And why we never fee one ripening birth 
Heave in the glebe, and flruggle through the earth > 

You fay, that, when the earth was frelh and young. 
While her prolific energy was ftrong, 
A race of men fhe in her bofom hred, 
Aud all the fields with infapt people fpread : 





4(fttfM Aft ttn^lMritieiigCk did fo exhauft,. lib 
^1ii/giA»iteihrt fe itouch rigoyr loft, 
Iteb wgiAid^awbf t^ mvain we hope 
ttir IhcNiU ignalwhig forth a humaii crop; 

Mean time^ fl^ 's not with labour fo much wont. 
But Ihe can dill the hilU with woods adorn. 1 25 

' See, from 'her fertile bofbm how (be pours 
IfiaDdaDttxHiceptions, and, refrefii'd with fliowers, 
Covert the field with com, and paints the mead with 
See, her tall font, the cedar, oak, and pme, [flowers, 
^Bbt fragrant myrtle, and the juicy vine, 130 

Their parent's undecaying ftrength declare. 
Which with freih labour, and unwearied care. 
Supplies new plants, her lofies to repair. 
« 10heo, fince the earth retains her fruitful power 
Taj^iocreate plants* the fbreft to rcilore ; 135 

Aj9 why to nobler animals alone 
Should ibe be fieeble, and unfruitful grown ^ 
After one birth (he ceas'd not to be young. 
The glebe was fucculent, the mould was ftrong. 
€0Qld ihe at once fade in her perfe£k bloom, 140 

Wafte all her fpirits, and her wealth confuine ? 

Grant that her vigour might in part decreai'c, 
From like produ£tions muft (he ever ccafc? 
To form a race (he might have dill inclined. 
Though of a monftrous, or a dwarfiih, kind. 145 

Why did ihe never, by one crude eUay, 
Imperfe£fc lines and rudiments difplay ? 
In fome fucceeding ages had been found 
A leg or arm un^ni(h*d in the ground j 

N 3 And 


Ai^d fomectmes in the fields might ploughing fwains t $p 
Turn up foft bones, and break unfalhionM veins. 

But grant the earth was laviih of her power. 
And fpent at once her whole prolific ftore ; 
Would not fo long a reft new vigour g^vc. 
And all her firft fertility revive ? t^ 

Learn, Epicurus, of th' experienced fwain. 
When frequent wounds hnvc wornth* iropoverifiiM pltioi 
Let him a while the furrow not moki^ 
Put le^ve the glebe to heavenly dews and reft i 
If then he till and fow the harrow'd field, i(o 

Will not the foil a plenteous harveft yield? 

The fun, by you, Lucretius, is aflign'd . 
The other parent of all human kind. 
But does he ever languifli or dec^y } 
Does he not equal influence difplay, 165 

And pierce the plains with the fame a£Uve ray } 
If then the glebe, warm'd with the folar flame. 
Men once pioduc'd, it flill fhould do the fame. 

You fay, the fun*s prolific beams can form 
Th* induftrioutf ant, the gaudy fly, and worm ; 1 70 
Can make each plant, and tree, the gardener's care, 
Bcfule their leaves, their proper inledls bear : 
Then miglu the Heavens, in feme peculiar flate, 
Or lucky afpccl, bcafts and men create. 
But larc enquirers by their gUlTes find, 175 

That every infeft of each diiferent kind. 
In its own egg, cheer d by the folar rays, 
Organs involv'd and latent life difpiays ; 
This truth, difcover'd by fagacious art. 
Docs all Lucretian j^rrogancc fubvcjt. 180 



.i! T«f»A T I O-lf* BooE VU : 111 

'If, lomiidSpwiinif^ WfJIlow 

Our race jbp MUh pnnmval bting owt,. 

Mow di4 die malp and feoMile fi»ic« fi]M&e ^ t4l^ 

8aj» if fimA ftffWM thit 4ifti«£tiQfk came f 

Or did ^ conicioos parent then forefee 

Wf one OQMeplidii Ike iliould banrm be. 

And tfaenfoiet wifely prondent, deiign'd. 

fMBc fmn to propagate the kind i if o 

Tbttt thus preiSenT'dy the godlike race of auui< 

Bitgfat not expire ere yet it fcarce l;»egan } 

Smsih hy cheie various arguments^ *tis dear; 
The teeiiiiii|» bwi^ did not our. parents Immu: i . 
m oMce icvere enquiries let us trace 1^5 

n» origin and (burce of human race. 

1 thinky. I mote^ I tlierefore know I am 4 
While I have bcett» I dill have been the fame, . 
itnce* from an infant, I a nuin became. 
But though I- am, few circHoi^ years are gone, 
Since I in Nature's roll was quite unknown. 
Then, iince 'cis plain I have not always been, 
I aik, from whence my being could begin ? 
I did not to myiclf exigence give, 
Nor from myfelf the fecret pawer receive, 105 I 

By which I reafon, and by which I live. f 

I did not build this frame, i^or do I .know- • 
The hiddea fprings from whence my motions flow. 

If I had formM myfelf, I had defign'd 
A Arongei; body, and a wifer mind, sio 

N 4 From 


From foitow free, nor liable to pain ; 
My paflions ihould obey, and reafon rdgn. 
Nor could my being from my parents flow. 
Who neither did the parts or {bru£hire know, ■ 

Bid not my mind or body nnderftand^ ti5 

My fex determine, nor my ihape command t 
Had they deiigh'd and rais'd the curious frame, 
Infpir'd my branching veins with rital flame, 
Faihion*d the heart, and hollow channels made, 
through which tlie circling dreams of life are play'd i 
Had they the organs of my fenfcs wrought, 
And form'd the wondrous principle of thought} 
Their artful work tliey mufl have better known. 
Explained its fprings, and its contrivance fliown. 

. If they could make, they might preferve me too^ t»5 
Prevent my fears, or diffipate my woe. 
When long in ficknefs languiihing I lay. 
They with compailion touch'd did mourn and pray ; 
To footh my pain, and mitigate my grief, 
Tiicy faikl kind things, yet brought me no relief. 230 
But whatfoever caufe my being gave, 
The Power that made me can its creature fave. 

If to myfelf I did not being give. 
Nor from immediate parents did receive; 
It could not from my predecelTors flow, 235 

They, than my parents, could not more bcflow. 
Should we the long depending fcale afccnd 
Of fons and fathers, will it never end ? 
If 'cwill, then mud we through the order run 
To fome one man, whofe being ne-er begun : 149 


•%M«XM A r I&Vi B6m Vt ills 

If <iiom htnUf Ilk own csdfleoee catna^t 
The canfe, diat ccmM deftvof lut bei]ig» lUdBe, 
} sTo ieek my 'Mtkef, dius in vwn I trace ^45 

The whole Ibceeffift chem of human nee. 
PewiMer'd hmj Author cannot find» ^ 

Till fame FirftCaafe, ibme Self-exiibnt Mind, i 
Who fbnn'dy'aBd roles all Natare, n aflign'd. J 

*■ • ^When firft the womb did the crude embrjro hold» 
What IhapVl the parts ? what did the limbs unfold } 
O'er the vfhalk work in fecret did prefide, 
Gtfe qiuckeniag vigour, and each motion guide ? 
What kindled in the dark the vital flame, 
lAbd, erfrtheheaR wasform'd, pufli'don the reddening 
Then for the heart the apteft fibres flmng ? [ftream? 
And in the bnaft th^ impolfive engine hung } 
lay, what the Tarious bones fo wifely wrought } 
How was their frame to fuch perfe^on brought } 
What did their figures for their ufes fit, 260 

Their number fix, and joints adapted knit 1 
And made them all in that juft order Aand, 
Which motion, (farength, and ornament, demand ? 
What for the finews fpun fo ilrong a thread, 
The curious loom to weave the mufdes fpread? 265 
Did the nice firings of tended membranes drill. 
And perforate the nerve with fo much (kill. 
Then with the adive ffaream the dark recelTes fill > 
The purple n^azes of the veins difplay'd. 
And all th' .arterial pipes in order laid» .176 



i«6 B L A C X: M Q R B '8 ' P O E M S. 
What gave the bouadijag current to.dlQ M^od, 
And to and fro convey'd the redlefs flood ? 

The living fabrick now in pieces take* . 
Of every part due obCeirirauon make j , 
All which fuch art difcover^ fo condaoe ,17^ 

To beauty, vigour, and each deftia^l oict 
The Atheift, if to fearch for truth inclifi-d, ^ 

May in himfelf his full convi£lion find, f 

And from his body teach his erring mind- ^ 

When the crude embryo careful Nature bcecdt, »8o 
See how ihe works, and how her work proceeds ; 
While through the mafs her energy ibe darts. 
To fice and fwell the complicated parts, 
Wluch only does unravel and untwift 
Th* invelop'd limbs, that previous these exift at 5 
And as^each vital fpeck, in which remains 
Th' entire, but rumpled animal, contataa \ 

Organs pcrplext, and clues of twining veins j Jr 

So every foetus bears a fecrct hoard, 
With ilceping, uncxpanded ifluc ftor'd ; 190 

Which numerous, but imquicken'd progeny,. 
Clafp*d and inwrap'd within each other lie s 
Engendering heats thefc one by one unbind. 
Stretch their fniall tubes, and liamper'd nerves unwind-: 
And thus, when time ihall drain each magazine a^ 
Crowded with men unborn, unripe, unfeen, 
Kor yet of parts unfbkied j no incrcafe 
Can follow, all prolific power muft ceafe. 

Th' elaflic fpirits, which remain at reft 
dn the flrait lodgings of the brain compreft, 3^0 



CEEATION. BoonVh af# 

While by the amUcAt womb's cnUveniQg'hMt 
ChcerM ^d awaken 'J, firil thctnlclvcs dttiflit 
Then quicktn'il and expanded every wt|f. 
The gtJJiial labourc:rs all ditir force M^hft 

Tktf now be|iiiito «f»k tii« woiNUotti fm8if» 991 

To lliiqpe-tlK4iMt% iadl raife tho vital fUmij 

For fHiea th' extoided fifaiM of th» liraio 

Thtir tSdrt gveftt ao longer can reibala» 

Ifkf backward: rpcisgy «4iich doe effort aompalt 

Tlia labourmg %intt to ferfidcc tliek ceUs.| j to 

The fpifitty ^s aq^oded lirom their £eat» 

Swill fion tkte bead to die next partt tvtneaiv 

Fofoa tkdr admittoo, and their paifige beati 

Tbetr toon anraad th' unopea'd maft ^My taki^ 

Aad hf t kmf and ways their intoadt mako» 3^5 

WU dm roMal they their, race iaAody 

Aa^tMipkfNMPd :tt>diar (boice dich* way ^ceflL 

Thus with a fteady and alternate toil 

Tliey iflTue from, and to the head recoil;: 

By which their plaftic fuoftion they difcharge, ^4* 

Extend their channels, and their tracks enlarge ; 

For, by the fwift excuriioos vi^iich they make. 

Still Tallying from the brain, and leaping back^ 

They pierce the nervous fibre, bore the vein, 

And (Iretch th' arterial channels, which conuin 315 

Tlie various dreams of life, that to and fio 

Through dark meaaders undire£led flow ; 

Th' infpef^ed egg this gradual change betrays. 

To which the brooding hen expanding heat conveys* 

The beating heart, demanded firft.for ufe, jjar 

Is the firft mufcle nature does produce x 



By this impiiKive engine's condant aid 
The tepid floods are every way convcy'd ; 
And did not Nature's care at firft provide 
The a£iive heart, to pufli the circling tide, 
AU progrefs to her work would be denied. 

The falient point, fo firft is call'd the heart, 
Shap'd and fufpended with amazing art. 
By turns dilated, and by turns comprefl. 
Expels aQd entertains the purple guefl : -540 

It fends from out its left contra6led fide 
Into tV arterial tube its vital pride; 
Which tube, prolonged but little from its fource. 
Parts its wide trunk, and takes a double courfe. 

One channel to the head its way dire6ts, 34^ 

One to th' inferior limbs its path iniie£ls : 
Both fmaller by degrees, and fmaller grow. 
And on the parts, through which they branching go» 
A thoufand fecret, fubtle pipes bellow; 
From which by numerous convolutions wound, 350 
Wrapt with th' attending nerve, and twifted round. 
The complicated knots and kernels rife, 
Of various figures, and of various fize. 
Th' arterial dufts, when thus involvM, produce 
Unnumbered glands, and of important ufe ; 355 

But after, as they farther progrefs make. 
The appellarion of a vein they take ; 
For though th* anerial pipes themfelves extend 
In fmallefl: branches, yet they never end j 
The fame continued circling channels run 360 

Back to the heart, where fkft tlieir courfe begun. 



Thi hmn, §fAftf^Aam its consn^Te ctye 

Bl^Mcd tibotit n ffjiittbg ciMnueU kakd» 

Upward it fprin^, .or downward is ccmvey'd i 365 

The crimidMi jet* wi^ force claftic throwii 

Akendf and dimb the mbd*! imperial thrpme 1 

Aiterial ftreamt throng the foft brain diffufey 

Jfljad water all its fields with vital dews : 

Fcom this o'erflowing tide the curious brain |7f| 

Ddet t^ugh its pores the purer fpirits fbain 1 

Wludi to its bmoft feats their paflage niake» 

Whence thdr dark rife th' extended finews take 1 

Wtrh all their mouths the nerves thefe fpirits drink, 

Wluchthrough the cells of the fine drainer fink 1 375 

Thefe all the channel'd fibres every way 

For motion and feniimon itiU convey. 

ne greateft portion of th' arterial blood, 

Bf the clofe ftni£lure of the parts withiloodf 1 

Whofe narrow meflies ftop the grofier flood, 3 So J 

By apt canals and furrows in the brain, ^ 

Which here difcharge the o£ce of a vein, > 

Inven their current, and the heart regain. J 

The Ihooring ftreams, which through anot]iier road 
The beating engine downward did explode, 315 

To all th' inferior pans dcfcend, and lave 
The members with their circulating wave : 
To make th' a]:tcrial treafure move as flow. 
Am nature's ends demand, the channels grow 
8till more contra£led, as they farther go s 390 ^ 

Befides, the glands, which o*er the body fpxead 
line complicated clues of nervous thread, 



InvolvM md twiftcd with th* arterisl duft. 

The rapid motion of the blood obflruft : 

Thcfc labyrinths the circling current ihy* j^J 

!For noble ends, which after we difpUy. 

Soon as the blood has paft the wbdlng ways^ 
And various turnings of the wondrous maze, 
From the entangled knot of vefiels freed, 
It runs its vittl race with gieater fpeed ; ^oo 

And from the parts and members mofl rethote 
By thcfe canals the ftream^ arc backward brought, 
Which are of thinner coats and fewer fibres wrought 
Till all the confluent rills their current join. 
And in the ample Porta vein combine. ^^ 

This larger channel by a thoufand roads 
Enters tlie liver, and its f^ore unloads i 
Which from that ftere by proper inleti flrams » 

The yellow dregs, and fends them'by thfc veins V 

To the large ciftern, which the gall contains ; J 

Then to the vein, we Cava name, the blood 
Calls in the fcatter*d ftrcams, and rc-coHc6Vs the fiopd. 

As when the Thames advances through the plain. 
With his frelh waters to dilute the raun § 
He turns and winds araidft the flowery meads, 415 

And now contra6l:s, and now his waters fpreads ; 
Here in a courfc dirc^ he forward tends, 
There to his head his wares retorted bends : 
See, now the fportive flood in two divides 
His filver train, now with uniting tides 410 

He wanton clafps the intercepted foil, 
And forms with erring- dreams the reedy iflc 1 
At length collcfting all his watery band. 
The ocean to augmenx. Vve \e2L>ft% \)ci^\^xA* 


5q die r*K\ curtwiti in their ftcw m*ee 4i^ 

In viirloux rc^midi diroug^i dark mean<kfs paf^^ . :^ .: 
Till *U, ftlHimlyliid in the Ca^n ttiny '■ ■■"' ' 

taMLio tVic bcau'L n[;lit riclt; th^'jt urimfuii TraiHf ' . 
WMch ncnv cmsfnft widi'fbm thiie ^^ 

TIm HMd tine •oltlA hiag» thhilonr tranfmitif 

The ▼enal-Mo^ diO nawJi'thrt^^^ wtading wiyi^- > 
And dmmgh the tubes the farokM tide comwyt 1 
Tkpfo DumenHilklbMnMy %hdr inljfi btmity gvnt » 4;^ 
Pdor hf itfjwuni and fms with kbrar gvowni 
Are in llMllHPglfillEloh^d^'wMeh lieiafpiM 
Ttie Uogaid liqMBft.iod itltee their ike. 
The large AitNriik<dtiai:tkictlMchfirkad, 
%|flMdvlh*Uoodril£pomtlMi heart cniT^'d, 440T 
Ttirongh ddia- Mnl^Im thaaiaiidi brtaofaee fpiead, j 
Here its bright (Ireavi the benndtng cwrfenfi partir 
And durough the varicnia p^cs fWtftly darts. 
Each fubtle pipc» eaek wiMng eksmnel, fills 
With fprighdy li%uor«^ and with purple rills 1 445 
The pipe, diftinguifli'd by its griilly rij»gs» 
To cherilk ]ih mM pafture brings. 
Which tha foh breathing hinga with gentle force 
ConiUol embnee by turns, by turns divorce 1 
The fpringy air ihia nitrous faad impells 450 . 

Through all the fpnagy paru and bladder*d «elU| 
And with dilating baeatk the ? iul bellows fwells 1 
Th' admioiadiwtie agbataftdiB flood, 
HtnrmsimSm Mii.Ba-fr«Mnti.the Uefid. 




Behold, the flreams now change their languid bine. 

Regain their glory, and thdr flame renew i 

With fcarlet honours re-adom*dy the tide 

Leaps 0B9 and, bright with more than Tyrian piide. 

Advances to the heart, and fills the cave 

On- the left fide, which the firft motion gavei 460 

Now through the fame invoWd arterial ways. 

Again th' exploded jets th' impulfive engine plays* 

No Tons of wifdom could this current trace. 
Or of th' Ionic, or Italic race : 
From thee, Democritus, it lay conceal'd, 465 

Though yielding nature much to thee reveal'd 1 
Though with the curious knife thou didft invade 
Her dark receOes, and haft oft' difplay'd 
The crimfon mazes, and the hollow road, 
"Which to the heart conveys the refluent blood. 47s 
It was to thee, great Stagyrite, unknown. 
And thy Preceptor of divine renown. 
Learning did ne'er this fecret truth impart 
To the Greek maftcrs of the healing art. 
*Twas by the Coan*s piercing eye unview'd, 475 

And did attentive Galen's fearch elude. 

Thou, wondrous Harvey I whofe immortal fame. 
By thee in(lru£^ed, grateful fchools proclaim ; 
Thou, Albion's pride, didft firft the winding way. 
And circling life's dark labyrinth difplay ; 489 

Attentive from the heart thou didft purfue 
The ftarting flood, and keep it ftili in yiew| 
Till thou with rapture faw'ft the channels bring 
The purple currenu back, and form the viul ring. - 


CREATION. Book VI. 193 

Sec, how the human animal is fed, 4^5 

How oourifhment is wrought^ and how convey'd : 
The mouthy with proper faculties endued, 
Fird entertains, and then divides the food ; 
Two adverfc rows of tcctii the meat prepare, 
Ou which the glands Fermenting juice confer ; 499 

Nature has various tender mufcJcs plac'd. 
By which tlic artful gullet is cmbrac'd ; 
Some the long funnel's curious mouth extend 
Through which ingefted meats with eafe defcend ; 
Other confederate pairs for nature's ufc 495 

•Contra^^ the fibres, and the twitch produce, 
Which gently pu/hes on the grateful food 
I'o the wide flomach, by its hollow road ; 
That this long road may unobftrufted go. 
At it defcends, it bores the midriff tlirough ; 500 

The large receiver for conco6Hon made 
Behold amidfl the warmcfl bowels laid ; 
The fpleen to this, and to the adverfe fide 
The glowing liver's comfort is apply'd ; 
Beneath, the pancreas has its proper feat, 505 

To cheer its neighbour, and augment its heat j 
More to aiTift it for its deflin'd ufe, 
This ample bag is llor'd with aftive juice. 
Which can with eafe fubdue, with eafe unbind. 
Admitted meats of every different kind; 510 

This powerful ferment, minghng with the parts. 
The Icaven'd mafs to milky chyle converts ; 
The (lomach's fibres this concoded food. 
By their 6oatn6tion's gentle force, exclude, 

O Wliicb 

Which by the mouth on the right fide dcfcends ^15 
Through the wide pafs, which from that mouth depends; 
Jn its progreffion foon the laboured chyle 
Receives the confluent rills of bitter bile. 
Which by the liver fcver'd from the blood, *) 

And driving through the gall- pipe, here unload 5^0 f 
Their yellow fVreams, more to refine the flood $ J 

The complicated glands, in various ranks . 
Difpos'd along the neighbouring channel's banks. 
By conftant weeping mix their watery ftore 
With the chyle's current, and dilute it more ; car 

Th* inteftine roads, inflc6led and inclin'd, 
In various convolutions turn and wind, 
That thefc meanders may the progrefs flay, 
And the defcending chyle by this delay I 

May through the milky vcflels find its way, 530 J 
Whofe little mouths in the large channel's fide 
Suck-in the flood, and drink the cheering tide t 
Thefe numerous veins (fuch is the curious frame f) 
Receive the pure infinuating dream ; 
But no corrupt or dreggy parts admit, 535 

To form the blood, or feed the limbs unfit, 
Th' intedine fpiral fibres thefe protrude. 
And from the winding tubes at length exclude. 
Obferve, thefe fmall canals confpire to make 
With all their treafurc one capacious lake, 540 

Whofe common receptacle entertains 
Th' united dreams of all the lafteal veins. 
Hither the rills of water are convey'd 
In curious aquaedu6b by nature laid, 


•*<S4'» At 16N. BookVL ifs 

HfSeaRt'ttl die Mfid humour (Irain'd, sis 

i(^ik»dh^Ai< tlobd <firkled by the ghod i 

Which miogliog currents n^h the milky juice 

Makes it more apt to flow, more fit for ufe i 

Ifhsh liquorsi which the wide receiver fill, 

filepkir'd with labour, and rcfin'd with iki11» 550 

AlDoCher courfe to dtftant parts begin. 

Through roads that ftretch along the back within 1 

This ufefiil channel, lately known, afcends. 

Ami in the vqn near the left ihouidcr ends, 

Which there unloads its wealth, that with the blood 

Kow flows in one incorporated flood ; 

Soon by the vein 'tis to the heart convey 'd, 

And is by that elaflic engine play'd 

Iftto the lungs, whence, as defcrib'd before. 

It tesirard fprings, and makes the wondrous tour. 560 

Now all the banks the branching river lavet 
With dancing l^reams, and animated waves } 
New florid honours and gay youth beflows, 
Diffufiog vital vigour, where it flows ; 
Supplies frefli fpirits to the living frame, 565 

And kindles in the eyes a brighter flame ; 
Mufcles impair*d receive new fibrous thread. 
And CTcry bone is with rich marrow fed ; 
Nature revives, cheer'd with the wealthy tide. 
And life regal'd difplays its purple pride. 570 

But how the wondrous diftribution 's made. 
How to each part its proper food convey'd ; 
How fibrous ftrings for nourifliment.are wrought. 
By what conveyance to the mufcles brought j 

O z How 


'How rang'd for motion, bow for be^my mU*d ; .57^ 
With vital cement how ch' extremes arefix'd ; 
How they agree in various ways to join 
In a tranfverfe, a ftraight« 9n<1.9«>(3J(cdliDCLi 
Here loft in wonder we adoring (land, ^^ 

With rapture own the wife DireQor-s haod, 5$o L 
Who Nature made, and dpe^ her work| commaikL J 

Let U8 howe!er thft themtc as far purfue. 
As leam'd obfervers know, or think they do. 

Mtxt with the blood in the fame -circH^g tide, 
The rills nutritious Uirough the veflels glide : . 5!^ 
Thofe pipes, Aillleirening as. tliey further jsals, ■ 
Retard the progrtfs of the jftowing jmafs. 
The glands, that Nature o*er the body fpreadSi 
All artful knots of various hollow. threads, . 
Which lymplvaedu^^s, jm jirtery, neive, and-viioi ^^ 
Involv*d and ^lofe.together wound, conuiiv^ 
Make yet the B)Otion of tbe (Ireams more 4oW, 
Which through. thofe mazes intricate. mufhflow : 
And hence, it comes the interrupted blood 
Didencis its channels with its fwelling Bood ; , 5^ x 
Tliofc channels, tui:gid witji th' obftru6b:d tide, 
btretch their fmall holes, and make their ymeihes wide. 
By ikillful Nature piercM.on ^very fide. 
Meantime, the labour*d chyle pervades the pores 
In all th' arterial perforated (hores ; 6q9 

Tlie liquid food, which through thofe pades ftrives. 
To every part juft reparation gives ; 
Through holes of various figures various juice 
lufinuvtes, to ferve for Nature's ufL 



CMBAriON. Book VI. 1^7 

See, fofter fibm to the flelh are fent, e^s 

While the (hio membrane fitter ftrings augmdnl : 

The tough and (Irong are on the (inews laid* 

And to the bones the harder are con?ey'd 1 

Butt what the mafs nutridous does diirlde. 

To different pares the different portiona guide, 6i« 

What makes chein aptly to the limhs adhere, 

In youth augment thom, and in age repair. 

The deepsfV 1'earch could never yet declare. 

Nor lei's- contrivance, nor lefs curious arr, 
Surprize and pleafc in every other part. 615 

See, how tiie nerves, with equal wil'dom made, 
Arifing from the tender bra'm, pervade 
And fecfet pafs in pairs the channeled bone, 
Afld thence advance through paths and roads- unknown; 
Form'd of the fined complicated thread, df 

Thefc numerous cords are through the body fpr^ad j 
A thoufand branches from each trunk they fend, 
Some to the limbs, fome to the bowels tend; 
Some in (liait lines, fome in rranlVcife, arc found, 
One forms a crooked fit^ure, one a round ; 025 

The cntraiK thJc embrace in fpiral llrini;8, 
Thofc olafp th' arterial tube? in tfnder rinj^s ; 
The tendons fome compatted clofj prcKluce, 
And fome. thin fibres for the (kin diiViitc. 

Thcfe fubtle channels (fuch is every ncrN** ') Gjo 
For vital fundions, Icnfe, and motion Icrvej 
Included L'pirits throii^rh tlKir fecict road 
Pafs to anil fro, as tluou^h the veins the blood ; 
Some to the heart advancint^ take their way. 
Which move and make the U.'.'.inj- mufdc j-lay ; 655 

O 3 " v^\- 


Part to the fpleen, part to the liver, flows, 

Thefe to the lungs, and to the Aoraach thofe i 

They help to labour and conco£k the food. 

Refine the chyle, and animate the blood ; 

Exalt the ferments, and the ftrainers aid» . (40 

That, by a conilant reparation made. 

They may a due csconomy maintain. 

Exclude the noxious parts, the good retain. 

Yet we thefe wondrous funfiions ne'er percetvc^ 
Fun£Hons, by which we move, by which we liye 1 645 
Unconfcious we thefe motions never heed* 
Whether they err, or by juft laws proceed. 

But other fpirits, governed by the will. 
Shoot through their tracks, and diftant mufclet fill t 
This Sovereign by his arbitrary nod (50 

Reftrainsy or fends his miniflers abroad ) 
Swift and obedient to his high command. 
They ftir a finger, or they lift a hand ; 
They tune our voices, or they raovc our eyes 1 
By thefe we walk, or from the ground arife i 655 

By thefe we turn, by thefe ihe bod y^ bend j 
Contra£^ a limb at pleafure, or extend : 
And though thefe fpirits, which obfequious go, 
Know not the paths through wliich they ready flow, 
I^^or can our mind in{lru£l them in their way, (60 

Of all their roads as ignorant as they ; 
Yet feldom erring they attain their end. 
And reach that fingle part, which we intend} 
Unguided they a jufl di{lin£tion make, 
Tliis mufcle fwell, and leave the other flack 1 665 

a And 

tm A It TOV. BookV1« ih 

i fimb or that infledsy 
Of Witt ite iiiiifllft^^dMi? toi» dtwflbf , 
!|nit fpitits whMk MaA tlieni» as ipe pletfci» 
Exert their power, or from their duty ceafew 
^rThefe out-guards of the mtnd are feat abtoad, 670 
And ftill patrolling beat the neighbounDg road ; 
Or to the parts remote obedient fly, 
Keep pofts advanc*dy and on the frontier lie. 
The Mehfol eentinels at every gate, 
Ai^ eveiy paflage to the fenfes wait ; 67 $ 

8dU travel to and fro the nervous way, 
Aad their impreilWna to the brain convey, 
Wlifcre their report the vital envoys make, 
Attd #idl new orders are remandedt back 1 
flj^di, as a darted beam of light, they go, 680 

Tluengli different paths to different organs flow^ 
Whence ^y refled: as fwiftly to the brainy 
To give it pleafure, or to give it pain. 

Thus has the Mufe a daring wing difplay'd, 
Thrott;>h traeklefs ikies ambitious flight elTay^d, 685 
To Uag the wonders of the human frame ; 
But, oh ! bewails her weak, unequal flame. 
Ye ikilfttl mafters of Machaon*s race, 
Who Nature's mazy intricacies trace, 
And to fublimer fpheres of knowledge rife 690 

By managed fire, and late-invented eyes ; 
Tell, how your fearch has here eluded been. 
How oft* amazM and ravifh'd you have feen 
The condu£^, prudence, and fhipendous arty 
And mafter-Arokes in each mechanic pan* 695 

' ' O4 Tell, 





THE rntroduftion, in imicadon of Kin? Solomon's 
ironical conceffions to the Libertine. The Creator 

. aflertedy from the contemplation of animals. Of then: 
fenfe of hparingi taiting* fmeUing» and efpecially of 
feeine. Of the nobler operations of animals^ cpoi* 
monly called inftin^. The Creator demonftrated 
£uther, from the contemplation of human under- 
ilandiBgy and the perfedibns of the mind. The vi- 
^ur and fwiftneis of Thought. Simple percep 
tion«^ Reflexion. Of the mind's power of ab- 
ilra£ting, uniting^ and fcparating ideas. Of the 
faculty of reafoningy or deducing one proportion 
from two others. The power of human underftand- 
ing» in inventing ikillful works, and in other in- 
ftances. The mind's felf-determining power, or 
freedom of choice. Her power of eleaing an end, 
and chuiing means to attain that end. Or control- 
ing our appetites, rejefting pleafurcs, and chufing 
pam» want, and death itfelf, in hopes of happineU 
in a diflant unknown flate of life. The Concluti- 
on, being a fhort recapitulation of tlie whole ; widi 
a Hymn to the Creator of the World. 



TTTTHILE rofy Youth its perfcft bloom muntainSy 
^ ^ Thoughtldfs of tge, and ignorant of pains i 
While from the heart rich (Ireams with vigour fpring» 
Bound through their roads, and dance their vital ring; 
And fpirits, fwift as fun-beams through the flues* 5 
Dart through thy nerves, and fparkle in thy eyes i 
While Nature with full ftrength thy (inews armsy 
Glows in thy checks, and triumphs in her charms i 
Indulge thy inflin£ls, and intent on eafe 
•With ravifhing delight thy fenfes pleafe. ' i« 

Since no black clouds diihonour now the fky, 
' Ko winds, but balmy genial zephyrs, fly, 
^Eager embark, and to th' inviting gale 
.Thy pendants lopfe, and fpread thy fslken faili 
-Sportive advance oh pleafure's wanton tide '15 

"Through flowery fccncs, ditfus'd on either fide. 

See how the hours their painted wings difplay, 
.And draw, like harnef«»*d doves, the fmiling day ! 
• Shall tliis glad fpring, when a6livc ferments climb, 
Tl>efe months, the faireft progeny of time, 2« 

The brightcft parts in all duration's train, 
jMk thee to fcizc thy bills, and a(k in vain > 
To tlieir prevailing fmilcs thy hcan rcfign. 
And wifely make the proffer'd hicllings thine, 
' Near fome fair river, on reclining land, 25 

Midft groves and fountains let ihy palace (land ; 
Let Parian walls unrival'd pomp difplay. 
And gilded towers repel augmented day { 


. CRBATION. Book VIL %ot 

Let poq>hyry |»Uan in high rows uphold 
The izure roof cnrich'd with veins of g;old { 30 

And the fair creatures of the fculptor's tit 
Part grace thy palace, and thy garden pan ; 
Here let the fccDtful fpoils of opening flowers 
Breathe from thy citron walks, and jafmine bowers ; 
Hcfpcrian bloffoms in thy bofom finell ; 3^ 

Let all Arabia in thy garments dwell. 

That codly banquets and delicious feads 
May crown thy table, to regale thy guefts, 
Ranfack the hillsi and every park and wood^ 
The lake unpeople, and defpoil the flood $ 40 

Procure each fcather'd luxury, that beats 
Its native air, or from its clime retreats. 
And by alternate tranfmigration flies 
0*er interpofing Teas, and changes (kicsi 
Let anful cooks to raife their relilh (hive, 4^ 

With all the fpicy taftes the Indies give. 

While wreaths of rofes round thy temples twine. 
Enjoy the fparkling hlellings of the vine; 
l^t the warm ne£lar all thy veins infpire, 
Solace thy heart, and raife the vital tire. ^0 

Next let the charms of heavenly mufic cheer 
Thy foul with rapture listening in thy ear; 
Let tuneful chiefs exen their (kill, to (how 
What artful jovs from manag'd found can flowi 
Now hear the melting voice and trembling (\ring t 55 
Let Pepuch touch the lyre, and Margarita (ing. 

While wanton ferments fwell thy glowing veins, 
To the warm paiTion give the flackenM reins 1 



Thy gazing eyes with bloonuBg beauty feaft, 
Receive its dart, and hug it in thy bveaftf 69' 

From fair to ff r with gay incoaibMe Mve, 
Tafte every fweft, and cloy thy foal with Wve, : 

But midft tky boaii4kfs joys, «»UidM yoanhf 
Remember ftill this fad, bat certain tratb, 
^at thou at lalbfeverety muft aceomiti ' li 

To what will thy "coofg^eficd gitilfe anIMMtl • • 

Allow a Ood )• he fltuft our deM Tigiudf 
A righteouft Judg^ oiuft puniii: and reward • 
Yet that he rears no higK tribunal here^ ' ' ^ 

linpartial juftice t6 difpenfey is ckan ' fit 

His fword unponiAUariaunals deffy ' ■ '' '^ 

Nor by lus thunder does the tyratat die ^ • - 

While Heaven's adovt^n, preft with xjrtet and pafai' 
Tlieir unrewarded innd^eneemamtalB. ' . • 
Ife his right httid^ he' unextended- keips^ ' ' tj 

Though long provok'd, th' una£Hve vengeance flecps. 


To (land arraigned before his awful bar. J 

Where wile thou hide thy igDominious head F 9m 

Shuddering with horror, what haft thou to plead ? 
Defpairing wretch I he '11 frown thee finom his fhio^r 
And by liis wrath will make his. being kaown. 

Yet more Religion's empire to fupport^ 
To pvih the £oe» and make our laiiefibrt| #5 

Let beings with attention be rsview'd^ 
Which,, not alone with vital power endued^ 
Can move themfelres, caiv orgaot^'d-peroeifv 
The various flrokes, whidx various obje£is give. 


Hpnce we a world Aioceeding this infers 
Where he his juftice will aiTert { prepare 


By laws mechanic can Lucretius tell 99 

How living creaturea ice» or hear, or fmeli f 

How is the image to the fenfc conveyM } 

On the tiin*(l organ how the impulfe made ? 

Howp anil hy which more noble part, the brain 

Perceives tli* idea, can their fchools explain ? 95 

*Tis clear, in that fupciior feat alone 

The judge of ohjcdVs has her fecrci throne 1 

Since, a limh fcverM by the wounding Oeel, 

We dill may pain, as in chat memlKr, feel, 

Mark how the fpirits watchful in the car ico 

Seize undulating founds, and catch the vocal air. 
Obferve how others, that the tongue polfefs. 
Which falts of vaiious (hape and fiLe imprefsi 
From their affcfled fibres upward dart. 
And diifcrent taClcs by different Hrokcs impart. tO^ 
Hemaik, how thofc, which in the noftril dwell. 
That artful organ dediuM for the fmeli, 
By vapours movM, their pafTage upward take, 
And fcents unpkafant or delightful make. 

If in the tongue, the noflril, and the car, iie 

No (kill, no wifdom, no dcfign, appcai ; 
Lucretians, next, regard the curious eye; 
Can you no art, no prudence, there dcfcry ? 
By your mechanic principles, in vain 
The fenfe of fight you lalraur to explain. -if ^ 

Tou fay, from all the obje£is of the eye 
Thin coloured (hapes uninterrupted fly. 
As wandering ghofls (fo ancient poets feign) 
:Skim through the air, and fwcep th' infernal plain 1 




So thcfe light figuies roam hy day and night, jzt 

But undifcovcr'd till betray*d by light. 

But can corporeal forms with fo much cafe 
Meet in the r flight a ihoufand images. 
And vet no confli^, no coHifive force, 
Break their thin texture, and difturb their courfc? 125 
What fix'd their pans, and made them fo cohere. 
That they the pi£^ure of the objeft wear ? 
What is the fli pe, that from a body flies } 
What moves, what propagates, what multiplies. 
And painrs one image in a thoufand eyes ? 130 ] 

When to the eye the crowding figures pafs. 
How in a point can all polfefs a place. 
And lie diflinguifii'd in fuch narrow fpace ? 
Since all perception in the briin is made, 
(Though where and how was never yet difpUy'd) 135 
And (ince fo great a diflance lies between 
The eye-ball, and the feat of fenfc within ; 
While in the eye th' arretted objeft ftays, 
Tell, what th* idea to the brain conveys ? 

You fay, the fpirits in the optick nerve, 140 

Mov'd by the intercepted image, ferve 
To bear th' imprelTion to the brain, and give 
The flroke, by which the objeft we perceive. 

How does the brain, touch d with a different (Iroke, ^ 
The whale diftinguifh from the marble rock? 145 1 
Pronounce this tree a cedar, that an oak ? J 

Can fpirits weak or Wronger blows ezprefs. 
One body greater, and another lefs ? 


.4.|^||SA«|0ir. bookvii. tor 

4o tfacy ||Hkt^lipai» ^ diftance know ^ 

MdW&ftktiMiAMi^lfjeasfliow? 159 

iCKdaniy now procted ; contemplate «11 

nobler a^^ioos of the animal, I 

:h inftin^ fome, fome lower reafon, call. J 

wKat contexture did by chance arrive, 

eh to brute creatures did that iD(lin6l give 155 

noe thev at 6ght difcern and dread their foe, 

r food diiUnguiik, and their phyiic know ? 

>faich the lioo learns to hunt his prey, 

the weak herd to fear and fly away ? 

birds eontrive inimitable neftt ? t%m 

dent are haunted by the foreft bea(h f 

nee fome io fubterranean dwellings hide, 

is in the rocks, and thofe in woods abide? 

nee amorous beafts, through hills and lawns pniw 

rtfulihifts the ravening foe elude? [fued, li^ 

liac various wonders may obferven fee 

fmall infe^^ the fagacious bee 1 

c, how the little untaught builders fquare 

r rooms, and in the dark their lodgings rear I 

re*s mechanics, they unwearied (brive, 17a 

fill with curious labyrinth- the hive. 

what bright ftrokes of archice^re (bine 

nigh the whole frame, what beauty, what defign I 

. odorifejous cell, and waxen towert 

yellow pillage of the rifled flower, 175 

twice three fides, the only figure fie 

irhich the labourers may their flores commie 

Kmt the lofs of matter, or of room, 

1 the wondrous fbru6^ure of the comb. 



Next view, fpefiiator, with admirlng.eyesi 18.0 

In what juft order all th' apartments rifei 
So regular their equal fides cohere, 
tW adapted angles fo eteh other bear, 
That, by mechanic rules refin'd and bold. 
They are at once upheld, at once uphold. 1S5 

Docs not this fldll ev'n vie with reafon's reach ?^ 
Can Elucid more, can more Palladio^ teach } 
Each verdant hill th' induflrious chcmifh climb, 
-£xtra£i: the riches of the blooming thyme. 
And, provident of wintfer long before, i^d 

Thfy llock their caves, and hoard their flowery ft ore i 
In peace they rule their ftatfe with prudent care. 
Wifely defend, or wage offenfive war, 
Maro, thefe winders oifer*<l to his thought, 
Fdc bis kn6wn ardotir, and the raptdre. caught : 19^ 
' Tken raised his voice, and in immort^ lays 
^Did high as Heaven the infe6t nation vaife. 

If, Epicurus, thii whole artful frame 
Does not a wife Creator's hatid fu-oclaim. 
To view the intelledlaal world advance ; tod 

^Ic this the creature too of Fare or Chance ? 
Turn on itfelf thy godlike reafon's ray. 
Thy mind contcm^ate, and its power furvey. 

What high perfe6tions grace the human mind. 
In flelh imprifoa'd, and to earth coniin'd I 205 

What vigour has &c ! what a piercing fight ! 
Strong as the winds, and fprightly as the light ! 
She mov^s unweary'd, as die a6tive fire, 
And^ like the flame, her flights to Heaven afpire; 

SMTV JL.« f tf lu . Btfiie vn; ««• 

%IMAM|fhvlVpMtiMifiiig ftreant tio 

lort >rtfgti rt q * i >» in timbU.dnimt, 

wt ten thoofapd ^dfeapes in the. bnnii» 

of tiryibnnt an eQdlcfs tFUD, 

all her iBtellcEKul Ccums prepne,. 

ly turns the ftafj^' and difappear. tij 

remoter regions of the iky 

ift-wing'd thought can in a moment flyi • 

» the heights of Hea«cn» » be empky'd 

ing thence th' intemiiaable ycnd i . 

kfbcfoad the ftreanvf tune» to (m t» 

giMmt ocean or flttniity* 

Its in an inftaot thmugh the zodiack run, 

I long jonriiey for the hbouring fun ; 

vttk t&ey ihoocr at fwift as darting lightf 

MoppoGag clouds letacd their flight i 125 

h fvbtetTanca»>rattks inth eafe they fwecp, ; 

ich the hidden 'wonders of the deep. 

1 man with reafon digaify'd is bom, 

^ his naked mind adorn ; 

ices or arts enrich Iris brain; 230 

icy yet difpUys her pi£^ur*d train : 

inate ideas can difcern^ 

(rledge dedicute, though apt to learn* 

tlle£hia), like the body's, eye, 

n die womb» no objed can defcryi 13^ 

ifpos'd to entertain the light, 

ige of things when ofitr'd to the fight. 

bje^ throu^ the ienfes padape gai% 

with variotti imagery the brain, 

P Th» 



Th' ideas, which the mind does thence perceive^ 

To think and know the firft occafion give. 

Did flie not ufc the fcofcs* miniftry. 

Nor ever taftc, or fnoell, or hetr» or fee, . 

Could ftie poflcft of power perceptive be } 

Wretches, who (ightlefs into being came, 245 

Of light or colour no idea frame. 

Then grarft a man his bemg did commence^ 

Deny'd by Nature each external fenfe, 

Thefe ports unopen'd, diffident we guefs. 

Th' unconfcious foul no image could potlcft ; .250 

Though what in fuch ailate the rtftlefs traia. 

Of fpirits would produce, we aik in vain. 

The mind proceexis, and to refic6^ion goes,- 

Perceives ihe does percetve, and knows (he kno«'S| 

Reviews her a6^s, and docs from thence concli^le 

She is with reafon and with choice endued. 

From individuals of dirftioguifh'd kind. 
By her abftrading faculty^ the mind 
Precifcly general natures can conceive. 
And birth to notions univcrfal i^ivc; 260 

The various modes of things diftin6tly (hows, 
A pure refpcft, a nice relation knows, 
And fees whence each refpcft and each relation flows 
By her ahftra£ling |H>wer in pieces takes 
The mixM and compcrund whole, which Nature makes; 
On obje6ts of the fenfcs (he retines, "^ 

Beings by Nature fcparated joins, f 

And fevon qualities, which that combines. ^ 



i'ffe]Higntitty fome lefpcdt 

'' And ccn (bale-dliflfvrRMe and uoUke»cfs fee . 
In thiagt'wluch feem entirely to tgree : 

She does 4iA»gnidi'lwrei. and. there* unite t 
The ourk of judgement diet, and tliis of «isU« s« -. 
t. ?A$ Ihe can 'xeakoey fepaTate^ and compare, - «7$ i 
Conceife what ordery niky .^ roportioo, 4urf». . . > 
.fee from one thought ibe Aill can HKMre inferi J 

iMraiiin frdm masim jcan by foice ^prefs. 
And make difcorer^ imitha 4iOroctatc truths cQnfeli t 
Dn^laio foundatioiiiy which our i^eafon lays, ., ,a€o 
iM ^«i,illipendo«t fttmn #f foieace rpife § 
Notion on notiea built will towering rife. 
Till th' intellt6hul fabvica reach the (kica« 
The raatlvMMttc axiomty which appear 
Bf fcientific demonftration okar* '^5 > 

The mailer bui4dcrs on tworpiUatip rear: J 

From two plabn problems by iaborious thought 
is all the wondrous fuperftru^ufc wrouglit. 

The foul, as mentioned, can herfclf inf|x£^y 
By a£ls reftex can view her a&s dire^; 190 

A talk too hard for fedfe i far diough the eye * 

Its own refleAed iuiaf*e can defcry. 
Yet it ne'er faw the figlit by which it fees, 
Vifion can (hew no colour'd images. 

Tlie nfiod's tribunal can reports rejc£l 295 

Made by the fcnfcs* and their faults correal; s 
The magnitude of diftaac Aars it knows, 
rWJ«ich erring fcnfc, as twinkling tapers, ihows ? 

V a Crooked 



Crooked the fbape our cheated eye believts. 
Which through a double medinm it receives; jo* 

Superior mind does a right judgement make, 
Declares it ftraight, and mends the eye's miftafce* 

Where dwells thii fovercign arhitrary foal, ' 

Which does the human animal control, }c 

Inform each part, and agitate the wliole? • 505 J 

O'er mini Aerial fenfes does prefide. 
To all their various provinces divide. 
Each member move, and every motioa guide. 
Which, by her fecret unconteiled nod, ^ 

Her meflengers the fpirits fends abroad, 3>*'-> 

Thrbugh every nervous pafs, and every vital road, t/.. 
To fetch from every diftant part a train 
Of outward objeds, to enrich the brain ? 
Where (its this bright intelligence enthroa*d. 
With numberlcfs ideas pour'd around ? -3 15 

Where faiences and arts in order wait, 
And truths divine compofe her god-like fbue } 
Can the dilTef^ing (leel the brain difplay, 320 

And the augufV apartment open lay, 
Where this great queen ftill chufes to relide 
Tn intclle£lual pomp, and bright ideal pride? 
Or can the eye, afTiiled by the glafs, 
Difcern the ftrait, but lK)fpitable place, 3215 

Tn which ten thoufand images remain. 
Without confufion, and their rank maintain ? 

How does this wondrous principle of thoygl>C 
Perceive the ol)je6l by the fenfes brought ? 
What philofophic builder will effay -350 

By rules mechanic to unfold the way 

4 How 

J**A,Tj;o.N. Book VII. t^ 
Wbm ft ■MyMJ Riftl^ dii>m*d to think, 

Ril ttt» Lttcmiiny Epicarasy tell» 
And yoa. in wit ufMrival (hall exec] , 335 

How ckrough iKe butivard feufe the objeA Hies, 
ttow ID the foul her images arifc 1 

JImk thinkingy what perception is, explain 1 
1^ all the airy creatures of the brain ; 
Kf to the mind a thought refle£led goes, 340 

how the confcious engine knows it knows. 
'"^The mind a thoufand ikilful works can frame, 
dio.form deep projc^^s to procure her aim. 
ipprcluatt for ea(lcrn pearl and golden ore 
To'CPofs the maioi and reach the Indian ihore, 345 
PIcpare the fiq^tiiig fliip, and fpread the fail. 
To catch the impuife 06 the breathing gale. 
Wjtfrion in framing fchemcs tlicir wiidoni fhoW| 
^o difappoint or circumvent the foe. 
Th' ambit iouk (latcfman labours daik deHgns, 35.0 

Now open force employs, now undermines | 
By patlis dirc£t his cud he now purfucs. 
By fide approaches now, and llanting views. 

bee, liow refidlefs orators pcrfuade, 
Draw out their forces, and the heart invade 1 355. 

Touch every fpring and movement of tlie foul. 
This appetite excite, and -hat control i 
Their |)o*'crful voivc can flvii.g trojps arreft, 
Coniiim tjic vvcak, and melt th' obdurate brcafti 
Cbace fioni the fad clicir nielaiK^hui^ air, 360 

Sooih difcomcnt, ami ioiaLi: ar.xious ca:e. 

i' 3 Wl -ri 



IV'iien ilireatening tides of rage and anger nfe, 

Uf jrp the throne, and rcafon's fway dcfpifc, 

When in tl\e feats of life this temped reigns, 

Beats through tlie heart, and drives along the TeiiMi 

See, eloquence with force perfuafivc binds 

The rcdkfs waves,, and charms the warring windSf 

RcGniefs bids tumultuous uproar ceafc, 

Kcca*h the calm, and gives the l)ofom peace. 

Did not the mind, on heaxxnly joy intenty 370 

The various kinds of harmony invent ? 
hhc the theorbo^ (he the viol found. 
And all the moving melody of found ? 
Slie gave to breathing tubes a power unknowoy 
To fpcak infpir'd with accents not their own ; 37^ 

Taught tuneful fons of muiic how to fing, 
How, by vibrationsofth' extended ftring, 
AnJ manag'd impulfe on the fuffering air^ 
T' extort the rapture, and delight the car. 

See, how ccknial reafon does command 380 

The ready pencil in the painter's hand; 
Whofe Urokcs affc61: with nature's felf to vie, 
And with falfe life amufe the doubtful eye : 
Ikhold the Itrong emotions of the mind 
Exerted in the eyes, and in the face defign'd. 5I5. 

Such is the artift's wondrous power, tliat wc 
Ev'n pittur'd fouls and coloured paflions fee,. 
Where without words (peculiar elocjucnce) 
The bufy figures fpeak their various fenfe. 
What living face does more diftrefs or woe, 39©.* 

More finifliM fliarae, confufion, horror, know, L 

Tlian what the mafiers of the pencil flicw? J 


^il^H; 4^ T I.O. N. Book VIL xis 

M««.4|B|i^ fibj«^ wkb the pencil vk^ 

^Are human uinbt» «v*n to ^r vital ftate» ^95 •% 

More juft and ftropg, mqre free aod delicate^ I 

Than Buonopot^'a puriouf. cools create } J 

He to the rock can vitfji i^dUds •give, 

W^ich thus transform'd can jragc, i^joLce, or grsev^ s 

His itiW. haod does marUlo vt:ins iofpire 400 

Now with the loi'er*s» now the bero\ fire | 

So well th' imagiA'd a/Slor^ play ilieir parc^ 

The (ilent hypocrites fuc^ power exert, 

TtiAt pafTionSf which tlKy feel outi they bcilow^ 

Aft'right us with their fear, and melt us with ijbcir woe. 

There Niube leans weeping on her arm t 

How her fad loolu and lieautcoi)^ forroiv charm ! 

8ccy here a Venus foft in Pgrian (bae { 

A Pallas then to ancient fables kr.own ; 

Tliat from the rock arof<t, not from the main, 410 

This not from Jove*s, but from the fculptor's brain. 

Admire the carver's fertile cntrgy, 
V^tth ravifli'd eyes his happy ofi'&piing fee. 
What l)cauteou$ figures by th* unrival'd art 
Of Britifii Gibbons from the cedar flart I 415 

He makes that tree unnativc charms allume^ 
Ufurp gay honours, and anotbcr*s bluom ; 
The vaiioub fruits, which ditferent climates Ijcar, 
Aod all the pride the fields and gardens wear { 
While from unjuicy limbs without a root 41^ 

New buds dcvis'd, and leafy branches, flioot. 

At honaan kind can by an a£l dirc£^, 
l^rceive and know, then reafon and tcflc£k t 

P4 ^ 


So the Self-moving Spring has power to chufe, 

Thcfe methods to rcje£^, and thofe to ufc | 425 

She can defign and profecute an end, 

Exert her vigour, or her aft fufpend j 

Free from the infults of all foreign powcTf 

She does her godlike liberty fecure } 

Her right and high prerogative maintainSi 4)0 

Impatient of the yoke, and fcoms coerciTe chaiiis ; 

She can her airy train of forms difband. 

And makes new levees at her own conmiand ; 

O'er her ideas fovereign fhe preiides. 

At pleafure thefe unites, and thofe divides. 4$$ 

The ready phantoms at her nod advance^ 
And form the bufy intelle6hial dance ; 
While her fair fcenes to vary, or fupply. 
She (ingles out fit images, that He 
In memory's records, which faithful hold 44* 

Objcfts irr.menfc in fecret marks inrollM"; 
The ilecpi;ig forms at her commantl awake, 
Anil now nrurn, an<i now their cells forfake, 
On a^ivc Fancy's crowdetl theatre. 
As (he uin.6ts, they rife or difappcar. 445 

Oi)ie6Vs, which throui^h the fenfcs make ihcir way. 
And jull impreffions to the Toul convey. 
Give her occalion firfl hcifclf to move, 
And to exert her hatred, or her love; 
Ideas, which to fome impulfive feem, 450 

Aft not upon the mind, but that on tlKm. 
When fhe to foreign objefts audience gives, 
Their llrokes and motions in the brain perceives^ 


ciMt A ilT I O N, Book VIL at7 
JUdMfe fi|«ipciNl»wc ideas Dcme, 
l^tfffk her awn f O nm emA ^aftive <hhm» cMBe» 455 

80 wlien difemfii'd by iAtelle£lttir Ifght* .^ 

Herfelf her various padions does excite, I 

To ill her hate« to good her appetite 1 J 

To (hun the firft, the Utter to proture, 
8Imi chufes meant by free eledive power; 460 

She can their various habitudes furrey. 
Debate their fitnefs> and their merit weigh, 
Andy while the means fuggefted (be compares, 
9km ID the rivals tlus or that prefers. 

. Py her foperior power the reafoning foul' 465 

Can etch reludant appetite control ; 
Can every pailxm rule; and every fenfe. 
Change Nature's courfe, and with her laws dHpenfe 1 
Our braKhittg to prevent^ flie can arreft 
Th' cxteniion, 'or contradHon, of the bread ; 470 

When pain'd with hunger, we can food refufe. 
And wholefome abftintnce, or famine chufe. 
Can the wild bead his inftindk difobcy, 
And from his jaws releafc the captive prey f 
Or hungry herds on verdant padures lie, 475 

Mindlcfs to eat, and refolutc to die ? 
With heat expiring, can the panting hart 
Patient of third from the cool dreatn depart ? 
Can brutes at will imprifon'd breath detain } 
Tpn;nent prefer to eafe, and life difdain } 480 

From all redvaint, from all compulfion free. 
Unforced, and unncce(fitated, wc 
Ourfelves determine, and our freedom prove, 
W^ien this we fly, and to that obje£l move. 



gin? J 


Had not the mind a power to will and chufe, 485 

One ol)jc6l to embrace, and one rcfufe ; 

Could (he not ad, or not her acl furpend, 

Jks it ob(lru£i:ed, or advanced her end ; 

Virtue and Vice were names without a caufe^ 

This would not Hate deferve, cor that Applaufes 490 

JvAice in vain has4iigh tribunals rcar'd. 

Whom can her femence puniih, whom reward ? 

If impious children ihould their father kiil. 

Can they be wicked, when they cannot will ; 

When only caufes foreign and uofcen 49^ . 

Strike with rcfifllefs force the fprings within^ 

Whence in the engine man all motion mud begin j 

Are vapours guilty, which the vintage blaft ? 
Are ilorms profcrib^d, which lay the foreft wade ? 
Why lies the wretch then tortur'd on tlve wheel, 5CO 
If forcM to treafon, or compell'd to deal ? 
Why does the warrior, by aufpicious fate 
With laurels crown'd, and clad in robes of date, 
In triumph ride amidd the gazing throng 
Deaf with applaufcs, and the Poet's fong j 5C5 

If the vi£lorious, but the brute machine 
Did only wreaths inevitable win, 
And no wife choice or vigilance has fliown, 
Mov'd by a fatal impulfe, not his own ? 

Should trains of atoms human fenfe impel, 5t» 

Tlv>ugh not fo fierce, fo drong, fo vifiblc, 
As foidiers ann'd, and do not men arrtd 
With clubs upheld and daggers at their bread; 
Yet means compulfive are not plainer fhown, 
When ruffians drive, or coat^uerors drag us on $ 5x5 


•<*«*ifl#Ti dir. • » ^m' vir. at, 

k,' when by tn* atom 's fwty 
COMwI'd, at «IM intent wo •tteyr 
And, bf wliflN^H' ^siitflt cAnftrdii^d'tb ijft^ 
We merit no reward, ho guilt eontraC^. 

Our mind of rulers feels a confdout awo, ^t^ 

Rtferct their jufttee, and regards their law. 
She re^mde and deviation knows, 
That vice from one, from one that virtue flow9 ; 
Of thefe (he feels unlike effeds within. 
From virtue pkafusse, and remorfe from fin ; 525 

Hopes of fr juft reward by that art M, 
By this of wrath vindidive fecret dread. 
The mind, #hich thus can rules of duty leam^ 
Can right fhMn wrong, and good frbni. iJl, difcem, 
Wluch, the (harp ftroke of juftice to prevent, 53 # 
<Vi Ihwmi txprcfs, can grieve, refle6^, repent ; 
From fare or chance her rife can never draw, 
Thofe caufes know not virtue, vice, or law. 

She can a life fucceeding this conceive,. 
Of blifs of woe an endlefs flate believe. csc^ 

Dreading the Jud and univerfal doom. 
And aw'd by fears of punifhment to come,. 
By hopes excited of a glorious crown, • 

And certain pleafures in a world unknown ; 
She can the fond dcfires of fcnfe reftrain, 540^ 

Renounce delight, and chufe didrefs and pain 1 
Can ru(h on danger, can deftru£tion face, 
Joy&l relinquiih life, and death embrace ; 
She to afliided virtue can adhere, 
And chains and want to profperovs gualt prefer ; 545 



Unmov'd, thcfe wild tempeiVuous feats funxy. 

And view ferene tUis reliefs rolliag fea. 

In vain tlie monfters, which the coaft infeft. 

Spend all their ragp to interrupt her reft ; 

Uer chtrmiogrfoog the fyren fmgs in vain, *. 550 

She can the tuneful hypocrite difdain; 

Fix'd and uncbang'd the faithlcfs world behold, . 

Deaf to its threats, and to its favour cold. , 

Sages rrmaik, we labour not to (how 

The will is free, but that the man is fo ; 55^ 

For what enlighten 'd reafoner can declare 

What human will and undcrllamling are ? 

V hat fcience from tliofc objed^^ can wc frame 

Of which we little know, bcfides the name ? 

The learned, who with anatomic art 560 

DiiTu^ the mind, and thinking fublianos party 

And various puwers and faculties alFcn^ 

Poihaps by (uch abOntflion of the mind 

Divi'lc the things, that are in nature join'd. 

What maQcrv of the ichools ca:i make it clear 565 

Thol»- facuHies, which two to them appear. 

Arc not rcfulinj; in the foul the fame, 

And not dininct, l»uc by a uiticrctit name? 

1 bus ha^ ihe Mule purlucd licr hardy theme. 
And fung the wonders of this artful frame. 570 

Ere yet one futicrranean arch was made. 
One c:\vcrn vnuhei, i^r o:iC girder laid i 
K«c the hir^h rw^ks lid i>'cr the flioics arife, 
Qr Inovvy ii.ouruaiijs lowerd aniklO ihc ikicsj 
Befoic the w . crv tioop^ til'd oil' from la:id, 57c 

Aiid lay a.iii'jlt the rocks eiitrcnch'd in fand ; 



CREATION. Book VII. itt 

Before the tir its bofoiti did unfold. 

Or bumifh'd orbs in blue exptolioD tt>llM ; 

She {\xng h«w Nature then in embryo Ivy, 

And did the fecrets of her l^rdi difplay. 5l# 

When after, tt th' AUnightS^'s high conmiand. 
Obedient waves divided from the land i 
And (hades ami' lazy mifts were chac'd away. 
While rofy light cHffvs'd the tender 4ay } 
•When uproar ceas'd» and wiMconftiiion'Aedy JI5 

And new-born Nature rais'd her beanteoos head; 
She fang ihe frame of this terreftrial pile^ 
The hillt, the rocks, the rivers, and the foil; 
She view^ the (aady frontiers, which refbmia 
The«noify infults of th* imprifon'd «iain ; i^f 

Hang'd o*er the wide diffufion of the waves, 
The moid ccerulean walks, and fearch'd the -coral caves. 

"■She then furvey'd the fluid -fieids of air, 
'And the crude feeds of meteors fafiiion'd there; 
^Then with continued 'flight *(he fp«d her way, 595 

. Mounted, and bold purfued the fource of day 1 
With wonder of celeilial motions fung. 
How the pois'd orbs are in the vacant hung^ 
How the bright fluices of aetherial light, 
''Now (hut, defend the empire of the night, 609 

And now, drawn up with wife alternate care, 
Jjet floods of. glory out, -and fpread with day the air« . 

Then with a dadng wing^^e foar'd fublime, 
From realm to realm, from orb to orb did climb : 
Swift through the (pacious gulph (he urg'd her way, 605 
At length emerged in empyrean day; 


.a»2 B-L A€K:M0RE*S 'POEMS. 
Where far, oh Far, beyend wliat oporuls fee. 
In the void iliffri&s of immenficy, 
The mind new funs, ncu; planers, can'explore, 
'And yet beyond cko (lill* imagine more. ^xo 

Thiis in hM nvml>cr9* achrenturout Mufe 
To fing the lifeldCii parts of Nature chufe s 
And then adv«Dc'<l to wooders yet behind. 
Surveyed and fuBg the vegetable kind } 
;Dlid lofty woods, iind:jattiiible brajces review, 6f 5 

Along the va)leyiWc|>t,..aad o'er tiie ifioivktain flew. 
Then left the Mufcthe 6eKl and waving grovcg 
And unfatigued wirb grateful labour. Orove 
To climb th' amasiin^ heights of feni«« «ttd iiDg -1 
The power pevceftivt) and the inward fpring ^X9 > 
Which agitates and guides each living- ching* J 

Slie next eiTay*<l the embryo's rife to trace 
■From an unfaihion'd, aruite, nnchabnel'd mafs t 
Sung how the fpirirs waken *d in the brain 
(Etert their force, and genial toil maintain ■; 625 

Ere6\ the l)ea?ing heart, the channels ftavoe^ 
Unfold entangled limlis> and kindle vital ilamef 
How the finall pipes are in mcandcnj laid. 
And bounding life is to and fro convey'd ; 
♦Wow fpirits, which for fenfe and motion ferve, 6jo 

Unguided find the perforated nerve. 
Through every dark rcccfs puifue iheir flight, 
Unconfcious of the road, and void of fight, 
Yer, certain of the way, ftill guide their raotions right. 
^ From thtncc a nobkr flight flic M efi'ay, 
The mind's extended empire to I'u; vey. 

7 ' ihc 


<; *E A T I O N. Book VII. «$ 
Slhe fung dw godlike principle of thougl.t, > 

And hpwi from oljcds by the (eofcs biouglit, r 

The iorellefbial iaugenr is wroughr ; 
How (he.iiic modes of lieings can dii'cern, 340 

A nice refpec^, a mccr relation learn 9 
Can all the chin abdraiElscl notions reach* 
Which Grecian wits, or, Britain, thine can teach. 

Thus h^s tlie Mufe Arore to difplay a part 
Cf thofe unnumber d miracles of art, 645 

Of i^hidence, coodufb, and of wife dc(ign, 
Which to th' attentive thought confptcuous (hine. 

Still, vanquifli'd Atliei!\b ! will you keep the field, 
Amdt hard in error, ftill refufe to yield ? 
See, all your broken arms lie fpread around, ^59 

And ignominious rout deforms>the grounds 
Be wife, and once, admoniihM by % foe. 
Where lies yovr (Ircngth^and where your weakncfs, know< 
No more at Reafoa's {olenin bar appear. 
Hardy no more fcholidic weapons l)eari 655 

Difband your lecble fuiccs, and decline 
The war; no more in tinfcl armour Ibine ; 
Nor (hake your bullrulh fpears, but fwifc repair 
To your (Irong place of arms, the fcoffer's cliair ; 
And thence, I'upporteu with a mocking ring, 660 

Ssrcaftic darts ami keen invcftivcs fling 
Againll your foes, and fcornful at your feafts 
Religion vanquiih with liccifive jells { 
Ann'd with refiHUfs laughter. Heaven alTail, 
Relinquifli Keafon, and lee Mirth prevail. 66$ 

Good Heaven ! that men, who vaunt difccrning Cght^ 
And arrogant from wiCdom's diilaut heighc 





Look down on x\i*??.T mora!;, who rercre 

A Caufe Supreme, fhouM their proud building tea 

Without one prop the ponderous pile to bearf 

How much the Judge, who does in Hcareo piefide 

Re-roock» the fcoflFer, and contemns his pride f 

Behold, tlie fad unfufferable hour 

Advances near, which will his error cure f 

When he compell'd (hall drink the wrathful bowl. 

And ruinVl feel immortal vengeance roll 

Through all his veins, and drench his inmoft foul. 

0*erwhelm*d with horror, funk in deep dcfpair» 

And lod for ever, will the wretch forbear 

To curfc his madnefs, and blafpheme the power 68« 

Of his juft Sovereign, which he mock*d before? 

Hail, King Supreme I of Power Immenfe Abyft ! 
Father of Light f Exhauftlefs Source of Blifs ! 
Thou uncreated, Self-exiftent Caufe, 
Conta>rd by no fuperior Being's laws, €85 

Ere infant light efTay'd to dart the ray, 
Smil'd heavenly fwcct, and try'd to kindle day : 
Ere the wide fields of aether were difplay'd. 
Or filver ftars coerulean fpheres inlaid j 
Ere yet the elded child of Time was bom, $90 

Or verdant pride young Nature did adorns 
Tliou art { and didd eternity employ 
In unmolefted peace, in plenitude of joy* 

In its ideal frame the world, defign'd 
From ages paft, lay finifli'd in thy mind. 695 

Conform to this dlvme imagined plan. 
With pcrfca art th* Mawb^ w»^\it^\%- 

Mn'd r 

.t|tfV<t4 * I O N. Book Vil. %!$ 

fly^f^Mi fwfnfi Ihe folitary pltini, 
Itfim^ibipilfdt fluidelamind filcntreigiiti 
Then. in ijat df.rk and nndiftinguiih'd fp«ce» 
Unfiruit^y unindos'd, and wild of face. 
Thy oomfmfs for the world mark'd out the deftin't 

Then didft Thou through tl\e fields of barren Night 

t forth, coUedied in Creating Might. 
fiere Thou almighty vigour didft exert^ 
Wluch emicant did this and that way dart 
Through the black bofom of the empty fpace : 
The gulphs confefs th' omnipotent embrace. 
And, pregnant grown with elemental feed, 
Unfiniih'd orbs and worlds in embryo breed. 
From the erode mafs, Omnifcient Architect* 
Thou for each part materials didft rele£^y 
And with a mafter-hand thy world cre£l. 
Labour'd by Thee, the globes, vaft lucid buoys. 
By Thee uplifted, float in liquid fkies : 
By Thy cementing word their parts cohere. 
And roll by Thy impulfive nod in air. 
Thou in the vacant didft the earth fufpcnd, 
Advance the mountains, and the vales extend ; 
People the plains with flocks, with j^eafts the wood, 
And ftore with fcaly colonies tlic flood. 

Next, Man arofc at Tliy Creating Word, 
Of Thy tcrrcftial realms vicegerent lord. 
H^s foul, more artful labour, more rcfm'd. 
And emulous of bright Scrnpliic Mindi 



KnnoMcd by Thy Ima^c, fpotlcfs ihone, 
}*raisM Thee her author, and ador*d Thy throne : 
Able to kno^v, admire, enjoy her God, 
Slic did Iter high felicity applaud. 

Since Thou didfl all the fpacious worlds dirplay, 
Hciniagc to Thee let all obedient pay. 
I,rt j/liticring ftars, that dance their deftin'd ring 
Sublime in fky, with vocal planets (ing 
Confederate praifc to Thee, O Great Creator King ! 
I.i'i ihti thin didrifVs of the waving air, 
Convrvancris of found, Thy Ikill declare, 
Ltr winds, the breathing creatures of the fklct. 
Call in each vigorous gale, that roving flics 
Uv l.\nd or fca; then one loud triumph raife, 
i\i\d all their blafts employ in fongs of praifc. 

While painted herald-birds Thy deeds proclaim,- 
And on their fprcading wings convey Thy fame : 
l.vt Kairles, whivrh i:i Heaven's blue concave foar. 
Scornful K'^^ earth fu^xrrior teats explore, 
A-.'vl life with brcalis ercifl againit the fun, 
Iv- n\'*i\*lUu> to iK-ar Tii\ iMitih: renown, 
Av.vl viuy ardcn: praifo :o Fhy throne. 

Yc t-lh, a'.fume a voice ; with praifci nil 
The i-.orow ri.Kk, a::d loud reactive hill. 
I c: iiv^ •> wl:h :'.uir loarrheir ti^.inks exprcfs, 
\\ \ : L i ace Um a: -on > 1?. ak c : he w LlJe rnc :'a . 
I ;:: :hv.v..icr c!oli*:<, :-*a: ftoa: from pole :o ro^e, 
\\'-.:h fa'\os loud faluic Tb-ee a> ihcy roll. 
Yc '.•!o:v.:e:'s of ;he fei, yc noiiy waves. 


CREATION. Book VII. 227 

Let hail and rain, let meteors form'd of fire. 
And lambent flames, in this bled work confpire. 
Let the high cedar and the mountain pine 
Lowly to thee, Great King, their hej^s incline. 
Let every ipicy odoriferous tree 
Prefent its incenfe and its balm to Thee. 

Andthou, Heaven's viceroy o*er this world beloWy 
In this bit ft tafk fuperior ardour ihow : 
To view thy felf, infle£briiy reafon*s ray, 
Nature's repleniih'd theatre furvey ; 
Then all on fire the Author's fkill adore. 
And in loud fongs extol Creating Power. 

Degenerate minds, in niazy error loft. 
May combat Heaven, and impious triumphs boaft; 
But, while my veins feel animating fires,. 
And vital air this breathing breaft infpires. 
Grateful to Heaven, I'll ftretch a pious wing. 
And fing His praife, who gave me power to fing. 




CREATION. Book I. P*gc3f 

IT. 6J : 

III. 9* j 

IV. 1*1 1 

V. «« i 

VI. i7« I 
VIL «oi ] 


7^71 '' {UWA'f/„jt'; 







P R E F x^ C E S, 




p R 1 N T I :» p. y 

vox : 

f OR C. BAT III ••."l, t. V. I « •. : AN', .- . ;V'\\\7. 

TON ANi» 'oNi, r. !.A\ II s, : . !• W N 1 . := » \ ' , v/. 

B. WHll f, '-. » '"ov. ,.J '., !. I \-. V . I ,.M. 
■ . LAW, I . AN'> 1 . i.n 1 . , J. •«... ., . • 

j.\vi:.K!i, '. •.ii:'.SMN, j.j!.i.\... . ... .,••; 

T. BLCK i I , G. :i.>:;iN MiN, •; .i aim :,t , .v. nw 

l.siciioLs, r.M'A :■•.., i.ivAN!*, |. k:: 

LLV, u. iiALii', ;:;,•,. M( «)L, i.mgh a:..» 


J. MCKKA\ •, W. rox, Tf BOW£N« 

M t) C C L X \ 1 X . 







O F 





P O E M S 

O F 


EARL OF M i: L G R A V E, 




" Ncc Plia'^o cratior ulla eft 

" Quam libi quai Vaiipraiiciip it puv^ina nomcn." 



T O 

Duke op Buckingham, 







CATHARINE his Dutchess; 





B % 

i * 

• «• xntv* 





Sari of R08COMMON, Eflay on Tranilated Verfe. 

TT APPY that author ! whofe contift clTay * 
*'• Repairs Co well our old Horatian way. 

Dry DEN, Abfalom and AchitophcK 
Sharp-judging Adricl, the Mufcs' friend, 
Himfclf a Mufc— In Sanhedrin's debate, 
True to^is prince, but not a (lave of (late. 

Dry DEN, Vcrfes to Lord Rofcommon. 
How will fwecc Ovid's ghoft be pleased to hear' 
Hisfaroe augmented by an Englifh peer ? 
How he cmbtllifhes his Helen's love, 
Oatdocs in foftncfs, and his fenfc improves. 

Dryden, Preface to, Virgil's ^nci«. 
•*• YourElTay on Poetry, which was publifhed without 
•* a name, and of which I was not honoured with the 
** confidence, I read over and over with much delight, 
*' and as much inftruftion ; and, without flattcnng you, 
^^or making myfelf more moral tlian I 'am, noCMrithaut 

* ESay on Poetry. ^ 

^ . B 3 kme 

C * I 

^ ibme envy, I was loth to be informed how an epic 
" poem fiiould be written, or how a tragedy fhould be 
*< contrived and managed in better verie, and with more 
*' judgment, than I could teach others* 

'< I gave the unknown author his due commepdatioo, 
^ I muft confeft ; but who can anfwcr for me, and for 
** the reft of the poets who heard me Iread the poem^ 
« whether we ihould not have been better pleafed to fasro 
" ieen our own names at the bottom of l^ title-page L. 
'< Perhaps we commended it the more, that we nou^ 
** ieem to ht above the cenfure, &c.'*^ 

DRYDENy Ibid. 
^ TI^s is but doing juftice to my country, paft of. 
^ which honour will reflet on your lordflup, whofiL- 
*' thoughts are always juft, your numbers harmoniontf 
** your w»rds chofeut your expreffioas ftrong andmanlyt , 
" your verfe flowing, and your turns as happy as they 
*' are eafy. If you would fet us more copies, your ex- 
** ample would make all precepts needlefs. In the 
" meantime, that little you have writ is owned, and 
•• that particularly by the poets (who are a nation not 
** over-lavifhof praife to their contemporaries) as a par- 
**' ticular ornament of our language : but the fweetcft 
^- eflences are always confined in the fmallefl glaiTes." 

Dryden, Dedicj^tion to Aurengzebe, 
How great and manly in your lordihip is your con*^ 
tempt of popular applauie, and your retired virtuci which 
Ihines only to a few^ with whom you live fo eafily and 


[ 7 ] 
ffttlj, that you make it evident you have a foul which 
it capable of all die tendernefs of friendfiiip, and that 
you only retire yourfclf from thofe who arc not capable 
of returning it ! Your kindncfs, where you have once 
placed it, is inviofable ; and it is to that only I attribute 
my happinefs in your love. This makes me more eafily 
fbrfake an argument on which I could otherwife delight 
to dwell ; I mean your judgment in your choice of 
friendsy bccaufc I have the honour to be one. After 
whichy I am fure, you will more eailly permit me to be 
filcnt in the care you have taken of my fortune, which 
you have refcued, not 6nly from the power of others , 
but from my worft of enemies, my own modefty and 
lazinefs : which favour, had it been employed on a more 
deferving fubje£b, had been an effef): of jullice in your 
nature s but as placed on me, is only charity. Yet witlial 
it is conferred on fuch a man, as prefers your kindncfs 
itfelf before any of its confequcnces ; and who values,. 
as the greateft of your favours, thofe of your love, and 
of your convcrfation. From this conftancy to your 
fiiends I might reafonably aflume, that your rcfcntments 
would be as ftrongand lalHngif they were not reftraincd 
by a nobler principle of good-nature and gcnerofityj for 
certainly ic is the fame compofition of mind, the fame 
reiblution and courage, which makes the grcatcd fricnd- 
ihips and the greated enmities. To this firmnefii in all 
your aftions (though you arc wanting in no other orna- 
ments of mind and body, yet to this) I principally 
a(cribe the intcrcft your merits have acquired you in the 
Eoyal family. A prince who is conflant to himfelf, and 
B 4 ftcady 

[. 8 ] 
fieady ia all his undertakings ; one with whom thc> 
chaiaiSter cf Horace will a^rce : 

** Si fradiis illabatur orbis, 
** Impavidnni feiient ruins." 

Such a one cannot hut place an efteem, and npoCt a con- 
fidcnci: on him whom no ad\'crfity, no change of couns, . 
no briber) of intercft, or cabal of fa£lions, or advantages 
of fortune, canYeraove fiom tlie folid foundations of; 
honour and fidelity. 

** Ille mcosy primus qui me fibi junxit^ amores 
«■ AMulit, illc habcat fecum^ fervetquc fcpulcro."- 

lioyv well your Iord(hip will dcferve that praifc, I n«cd. 
no infpiiation to foretcU You have already left noroofb.; 
for prophecy : your early undertakings have been fMfih»^ 
an the fer\'icc of your king and country, when you ofiere^. 

yourfcjf to the moft dangerous employment, that of 
the fca ; wb.en you chofc to abandon thofe delights to 
which your youth and fortune did invite you, to undergo 
the hazards, and which was worfc, t!ic company of com- 
mon fcamcn ; ihat you have made it evident you will 
rcfufe no opportunity of rendering yourfelf ufeful to 
the nation, wlien either your courage or conduft Ihall 
be required. 

Bifliop Burnet, Preface to Sir T« More's Utopia. 

Our language is now certainly properer and nume^ 
natural than it was formerly, chiefly fincc the corre£)ioa 
that wa« given by the Rchcarfal ; and it is to be hoped 

5 that 

daK tbe Ellkj co Poetry, which may be well matched 
wiih the beft piefleftjafiittkiDd that even Augudus's age 
produced, wiUimvei & more powerful opf:ratioii» if clear - 
fenic, joined with home but gentle rep-oofs, can work 
more on our writers than that unmerciful expoilng of 
them has done. 

Addison, Sppflator, N^ 253. 
We have three poems in our tongue, which are of the 
fame nature, and each of them a maftcr-picce in its 
kind : the* Effiy on Tranflated Verfe, the Eflay on 
Poetry, abd the Eflay on-Criticifm. 

Lord LAiWDiOWNE, Eflay on Unnatural Flights, &c, 

RofcooMaon firft, then Mulgravc rofe, like light. 
To clear our daiknefe, and to guide our flight : 
With lleadyt judgtnent, and in lofty founds. 
They gave us patterns, and they fct us bounds. 
The ^tagyritc and Horace laid afide. 
Informed by them we need no foreign guide ; 
Who feek from poetry a lafting name. 
May from their Icfibns learn the road to fame. 

Prior, Alma, Cant. 2. 
Happy the poet ! blcit the lays ! 
Which Buckingham has deign'd to praiic. 

Garth, Difpcnfar}-. 
NowTyber's ftreams no courtly Gallus fee, 
But iiiuliDg Thames enjoys his Normanby. 

[ la J 

Pope, Effay on Critidfnr. 
Yet fomc there were among the founder few^ 
Of thofe who lefs piefum'dy and better knew. 
Who durft aflert the jufier ancient caufe. 
And here reftor'd Wit*8 fundamental laws : 
Such was the Mufe, whofe rules and prance tell^ 
** Nature's chief mafter-piece is writing well." 

Pope, Mifcellanies. 
Mu{e, 'tis enough $ at length thy labour ends. 
And thou fhalt live, for Buckingham commends. 
Let crowds of critics now my verfe aflail. 
Let Dennis write, and namelefs numbers rail r 
This more than pays whole years of thankle(t pain*^ 
Time, health, and fortune are not loft in Tain i 
Sheffield' approves, conienting Phoebus bends^ 
And I and Malice from this hour are friends^ 


I " J 






IN thofe cold climates, where the fun appears 
Unwillingly, and hides his face in tears, 
A difmal vale lies in a defert ifle 
On which indulgent heaven did never fmile* 
There a thick grove of aged cyprcfs trees. 
Which none without an awful horror fees. 
Into it» wither*d arms, depriv'd of leaves, 
Whole flocks of ill-prefaging birds receivci : 
Poiibnt are alt the plants that foil will bcar^ 
And vinter it the only fealbn there : 



Millions of graves oVrfprcad the fpacious field. 

And fprings of blood a thoufand rivers yield ; 

Whofe ftreams, opprefs*d with carcafTes and bones, 

InflCid of gentiermurmurs, pour forth ^Koans. 

Within this vale a famous temple ftands^ 

Old as the world itfclf, which it commands ; ^ 

Round is its figurey^andfQur iron gates 

Divide mankind, by' order of the Fates : 

Thither in crowds come to one common grave 

The young, .tlie-old, .tho monarch, and tho ilare.. 

Old a[;e and pains, thofe evils man deplorcst 

Are rij^id keepers of th* eternal doors ; 

All clad in mournful blacks, which (adly load 

Xhe faiired Avails vof this X)brc4ire abodi: f - 

And tapers, of a pitchy fubflance made. 

With clouds of fmoke incrcafe the difmal ihade. 

A monfter void of realbn and. of fight 
The goddcfs is, who fways this realin of nighti 
Her power extends o'er all thin<$s that have breath, 
A cruel tyrant, and her name is Death. 
The faired objc6V of our wondering eyes 
Was newly ofiTcr'd up her facrifice j 
Th* adjoining places where the altar ftood, 
Yet blulhing with the fair Almeria's blood. 
When gricv'd Orontes, whofe unhappy flame 
Is known to all who e'er converfc with Fame, 
His mind pofleTs'd by Fury and Defpair, 
Within the facred temple made this prayer : 

Great Deity ! who in thy hands doft bear 
That iron fceptre which poor mortals fear j 



Vl»» wi9tii4r ^fmihfMf, refpeacfl none, 
Aadiicitfaer|NrttUdinif«liiortbe a^^ 
O thoo, whom all mankind in vain withihody 
Each of wheie blood mud one day ftain thy hand ! 
O thou, >tho every eye that fees the light 
Clofcft for ever in the (hades of night! 
Goddefs, atten4»faDd hearken to my grief. 
To which thy power alone- can give relief. 
Alas ! I aik not to defer ray fate. 
But wiih my hapleis life a fiiorter date ; 
And that the earth would in its bowels hide 
A wretch, whom heaven invades on. every fide*: 
That from.:die fight of day I could remove. 
And might have nothing left me but my. love. 

Thou only comforter of minds oppreft. 
The port where wearied fpirits arc at reft j 
Condu£^or to Elyfium, take my life. 
My breaft I offer to thy facred knife ; . 
So juft a ^race refufe not, nor defpiie 
A willing, though a worthlefs faciifice. 
Others (their fniiland mortal flate forgot) 
Before thy altars are not to be brought 
Without cpnUraint ; the noife of dying rage. 
Heaps of the llain of every fcx and age. 
The blade all reeking in die gore it ihed. 
With fever'd heads and arras confusedly fpreadj 
The rapid fiames of a perpetual fire, 
The groans of wretches ready to expire r 
This tragic fcene in terror makes tlicm live. 
Till that is iorc'd which they ihouid £oeely give ; 



Yielding unwillingly what heaven will have. 
Their fears eclipfc the glory of their grave : 
Before thy face they make indecent moan, 
And feel a hundred deaths in fearing one : 
Thy flame becomes unhallow'd in their brcaft. 
And he a murderer who was a prieft. 
But againft me thy ftiongeft forces call. 
And on my head let all the tempeft fell ; 
No mean retreat ihall any wcaknefs fliow, 
But calmly 1*11 expcft the fatal blow ; 
My limbs not trembling, in my mind no fear. 
Plaints in my mouth, nor in my eyes a tear. 
Think not that Time, our wonted fure relief. 
That univerfal cure for every grief, 
Whofe aid fo many lovers oft* have found. 
With like fuccefs can never heal my wound : 
Too weak the power of nature or of art. 
Nothing but death can eafe a broken heart : 
And that thou may*ft behold my helplefs ftatc. 
Learn the extremcft rigour of my fate. 

Amidft th* innumerable beauteous train, 
Paris, the queen of cities, does contain, 
{The faireft town, the largeft, and the beft) 
The fair Almeria fliinM above the reft : 
From her bright eyes to feel a hopelefs flame, 
Was of our youth the moit ambitious aim j 
Her chains were marks of honour to the brave, 
She made a prince whene'er flie made a flavc. 
Love, under whofe tyrannic power I groan, 
Shcw'd me this beauty ere 'twas fully blown ; 


Her timorous chamiBy and her unpra£i:is'd look. 
Their firft aflfurance from my conquefl: took ; 
By wounding me, fhe leam'd the fatal art, 
And the firll figh (he had was from my heart : 
My eyes, with tears moiftening her fnowy arms> 
Rendered the tribute owing to her charms. 
But, as I fooneft of all mortals paid 
My vows, and to her beauty altars made ; 
So, among all thofe flaves that figh'd in vain. 
She thought me only worthy of my chain : 
Love's heavy burden my fubmiffive heart 
Endur'd not long, before fhe bore her part ; 
My. violent flame melted her frozen breaft. 
And in foft fighs her pity fhe exprefs'd ; 
Her gentle voice allay 'd my raging pains, 
And her fair hands fuflain'd mc in my chains; 
Ev'n tears of pitv waited on my moan, 
And tender looks were call on me alone.. 
My hopes and dangers were lefs mine than hers, 
Thofe fill'd her foul with joys, and thefe with fears ; 
Our hearts, united, had the fame defires, 
And both alike burn'd with impatient fires. 
Too faithful Memory ! I give thee leave 
Thy wretched mafter kindly to deceive ; 
Oh, make mc not pofTcfTor of her charms. 
Let me not find her languifh in my arras ; 
Paft joys are now my fancy's mournful themes ; 
Make all my happy nights appear but dreams : 
Let not fuch blifs before my eyes be brought, 
O hide thofe fcencs from my tormenting thought ; 

1 And 

And in their place difdainful beauty (how; 
If thou would'fl not be cruel, make her fo*« 
And, fomcthing to abate- my deep defpidr^ 

let her feem Icfs gentle, or Mi fsir. 
But I ifi vain flatter my wouhded miad i 
Never was nymph fo lovely or fo kind : 
No cold repulies my defircs fuppreft, 

1 Icldom figh^d, but on Almeria's breift ; 
Of all thcpallibns which mankind deftroy, 

1 only felt cxccfs of love and joy : - . . • 
Unnumber'd plcafurcs charmM rny (enfe, andtbej- 
Were, as my love, without the lead allay. 
As pure, alas ! but not fo fure to laft, 
For, like a pleaiing dream, they arc all ptft. 
From heaven her beauties like fierce lightnings-' 4 
Which l?rcak through darknefs with a glorious fl 
Av.'lulc rhcy ihinc, awhile our minds amaze» 
Cur wondering eyes are dazzled with the blaze i 
But thiindcr follows, whole refiillefs rage 
Kone c:tn wiihftand, and nothing can afluage 5 
And ;;ll that ii{^nt which tliofc bright flalhcs gare^ 
Sciv^cs o:ily to conduct us to our grave. 

When I h:ul juft begun love's joys to tade, 
(Thole full iL wards for fears and dangers pad) 
A fever feiz'd her, and to nothing brought 
The 1 icheft work tixnt ever nature wrought. 
All things below, alas ! uncertain ftand ; 
The fiimedl jocks arc ftx'd upon the fund :■ 
Under this Jaw both kings and kingdoms bendy 
And no beginning is without aa end.. 
; . A facnfi 

^MsHIAU^i^^ Of bXATH. ft 

A AdrfCoBtti tiiM^^I^ 4ooiiif to Of aU, 
Aad ac tl» tjranf • lipB^ wt^UHjp £ias 
Time, ivhofebold hand wiU Wwg diket*4iit 
Mankind, and tsemplet too in which ths^ tnift* 

Her wafied fpiritt now bagin to fMBt, 
Yet padence ties her tongue (lottidl oompkiafl^ 
And in her heart s^ in a foct remaint I 
But ytelds at laft to her rafiftleft painsb 
Thus while the fiever, amorous of his pngTf 
Through all her veins makes his delight^ wigf^ 
Her fate 's like Semele's { the flames deftioyr 
Thar beauty they too^ag^ly enjoy* 
Her charming face is in its ipring decay'd^ 
^ak grow fi» rofeSf and the lilies fade ; 
Her ikin hte loft ^lat lufhe which fuipafs'd 
Thefun'si and well deienr*d as loagto laft < 
Hereyesy tvluch us'd to pierce the hardeft hearts. 
Are nOw diiarm'd of all their flsiines and darts ^ 
Thoit ftars now heavily and flowly move; 
And iicknefs triumphs in the throne of love. 
The fever every moment more prevails. 
Its rage her body feels, and tongue bewails : 
She, whofe difdainfo many lovers prove. 
Sighs nowfor torment, as they figh for love. 
And with loud cries, which rend the neighbouring airi 
Wounds my fatd heart, and weakens my defpair. 
Both men and gods I charge now with my lofs. 
And, wild wi^ grief, my thoughts each other crofs. 
My heart and tongue labour in both extremes. 
This fends up humble prayers, while that blalphemes : 
C laft 


I afk their help^ whofe malice I defy. 
And mingle £icrilegewith piety. 
But, that which muft yet more perplex my mindy 
To love her truly, I muft fecm unkind : 
So unconcem'd a face my forrow wears, 
I muft retrain unruly floods of tears. 
My eyes and tongue put on diifembling formSf 
I Ihew a calmnefs in the midft of ftorms ; 
J feem to hope when all my hopes are gone. 
And, alaioft dead with grief , difcovernone. 
But who can long deceive a loving eye. 
Or with dry eyes behold his miftrefs die ? 
When paffion had with all its terrors brought 
Th' approaching danger nearer to my thought. 
Off on a fudden fell the forcM difguife, . 
And (hew'd a fighing heart in weeping eyes : 
My apprehenfions, now no more conBn'd, 
Exposed my forrows, and betray 'd my mind. 
Tlie fair affli6led foon perceives my tears, 
Explains my fighs, and thence concludes my fears : 
W'^ith fad prefages of her hopclefs cafe. 
She reads her fate in my dcjc6lcd face ; 
Thf.n feels my torment, and neglects her own. 
While I am fenfible of hers alone; 
. Each does the other's burthen kindly bear, 
I fear licr death, and fhe bewails my fear: 
Though thus we fuffer unJcr Fortune's darts, 
'Tis only thofe of love which reach our hearts. 
Meanwhile the fever mocks at all our fears. 
Grows by our fighs, acd rages at our tears : 


Tliole vain tSt&» of our as ^'ain dcfircy 
Like wind and oil, increaie the fatal fire. 

Almeria then, feeling the dcftinies 
About to (hut her lips, and clofc her eyes ; 
Weeping, in mine, fix*d her fair trembling hand. 
And with thefe words I fcarcc could undcrftand. 
Her paflion in a dying voice cxprcfs'd 
Half, and her fighs, alas ! made out the reft. 

'Tis paft ; this pang — Nature gives o'er the ftrife ( 
Thou muft thy miftrcfs lofe, and I my life. 
I die J but, dying thine, the fates may prove 
Their conqueft over mc, but not my love : 
Thy memory, my glory, and my pain. 
In fpite of death itfclf (hall ftill remain. 
Dcarcft Orontcs, my hard fate denies, 
Tliat hope is the laft thin 5 which in us dies : 
From my gricv'd brtaft all thofe foft thoughts arc Had, 
-And love furvivts it though my hojie is dead ; 
I yield my life, but keep my y)H(ri(m yet, 
And can all thoughts, but of Orvnitcs, quit. 

My fiame increafes ui my ftrcn;;t-!i decay; j 
Death, which puts out the VjLiht, the hcit will raifc 1 
That ftill remains, thou^li I from Ik nee leinovc j 
I lofe nw lover, but I keep my love. 

Tli'j fij^hs wiiich f.:nr fori'i th.u laft tender word, 
Up tow'rds theluavcns lik'j a Lri/ht meteor foar'd | 
And the kind nym;»h, not yet l)ercft ofciiarins, 
Fell cold and breathlefs in her lover's arms. 

Goddefs, who now mv fate hair un'^leil-ood, 
Sparc but my tears, and freely take my bkxKl 1 

Ci Hire 

sd JpypJtJNGHAl?!S POEMS., 
^ere let me end tbe ftory of my caret ; ^ 
My difinal grief enough the fdU'declares* 
Judge thou by 'all this nnfery diiplay*d. 
Whether I oug^t not to'imjAore' ^ aid : 
Thus to furmfe^ reproaches tm me dnwt i 
Kerer fad wi(het had fti ]vtR a caule. 

Come then, my only hope ; in erery place 
Thou vifitefty men tremble at thy face, ' 
And feu- thy name : once let thy fetal hand 
Fall on a fU^n Aat does the blow demand. 
Vouchiafe diy dart ; I need not one of thoie. 
With whidi thou doft unwilling kings depole ; 
A welcome death the ilighteft wound can brings 
And free a foul already on her wing. 
Without thy aid» moft miferable I 
Muft ever wiih, yet not obtain to die. 


LE T others fongs or fetires write, 
Provok'd by Vanity or Spite; 
My Mufe a nobler caufe fhall move, 
To found aloud the praife of Love : 

That gentle, yet rcfiftlefs heat, 
Which raifes men to all things good and great : 
While other paffions of the mind ^ 

To low brutality debafe mankind, L 

By love we are above ourfelvei xefin*d, J 



ff^E cm LOVK 
jdk m^ «A ttiBoe dhiiie ! in wludi 
ttwiqg|fdii fch w md lycai«» nwfnagBi 
AAdftttiBg^iDlierlMsvciiyfnNiidieiioe t- _,^ «««m 
Higli myfteriet, abort poor Reaibii't keblc reach* 

To weak old age. Prudence iome aid may ftowe 
And cuib thofe appetites that faintly move $ 
But wild, impetuous youth is tam'd by nothing leis | 

than love. 
Of men too rough for peace, too rude for arts^ 
Love's power can penetrate the hardeft hearts ; 
And through the cloieft pores a paHage find. 
Like that of light, to ihine all o'er die mind. 
The want of love does both extremes produce $ 
Maids are too nice, and men as much too iooie t 
While equal good an amorous couple find. 
She makes him conftant, and he makes her kind* 
New charms in vain a lover's faith would prove ; 
Hermits or bed-rid men they '11 fooner move : 
The fair inveig\cr will but fadly find, 
There's no fuch eunuch as a man in love. 
But when by his chafle nymph embraced, 
(For love makes all embraces chaftc) 
Then the tranfportcd creature can 
Do wonders, and is more tlian man. 
U>di heaven and earth would our defircs confine ; 
ut yet in vain both heaven and earth combine, 
nlefs where love blefles the great defign. 
yfmen makes fail the hand, but love the heart ; 
Tthe fool's god, thou nature's Hymen art j 

C 3 VIViofc 


Whofe laws once broke, we arc not held by force. 
But the falfe breach itfelf is a divorce. 

For love the mifer will his gold defpife. 
The falfc grow faithful, and the foolilh wife t 
Cautious the young, and complaifant the old. 
The cruel gentle, and the coward bold. 

Thou glorious fun within our fouls, 

Whofe influence fo much controls ; 

Ev'n dull and heavy lumps of love, 

Quicken'd by thee, more lively move ; 
And if their heads but any fubftance hold, 
Love ripens all that drofs into the purcft gold. 

In heaven's great work thy part is fuch. 
That mafter-like thou giv'ft the laft great touch. 

To heaven's own mafter-piece of man 5 
And finifhed what Nature but began : 
Thy happy ftroke can into foftnefs bring 
Kealbn, that rough and wrang,ling thing. 

From childhood upwards we decay, 
And grow but greater children every day : 
So, realbn, how can we be faid to rife ? 
60 many cares attend the being wile, 
*Tis rather falling down a precipice. 
From Scnfe to Reafon unimprov'd we move ; 
We only then advance, when Reafon turns to Love. 

Thou reigned o'er our earthly gods ; 
Vnaown'd by thee^ ijieir other crown« are loads ; 



ODtf ON LOVR. t| 

Cte bcncj^t fiiuk didr meancft courtier brings 
SfldMr tti-lMtj diitt to envy kinp { 
Hb fdlow (laves he takes them now to be» 
Favour*d by love perhaps much lefs than he. 

For love, the timorous balhful maid. 
Of nothing but denying is afraid ; 

For love flie overcomes her (hame» 
Forlakes her fortune, and forgets her fame^i 
Yet, if but with a conftant lover blcft, 
Thanks heaven for that, and never minds the reft. 

Love is the fait of life ; a higher tafte 
Jt gives to pleafure, and then makes it lad. 
Thofe flighted favours which cold nymphi diipenlei 
Mere common counters of the fenfe, 
Defe£live both in metal and in mcalure, 
A lovers fancy coins into a treafure. 
How vaft the fubjcft ! what a boundlcfs ftore 
Of bright ideas, fhining all before 
The Mufcs* fighs, forbids mc to give o'er ! 
But the kind god incites us various ways, 
And now I find him all my ardour raiie, 
His precepts to pcr^t^rm, as well as praife. 



C *4 ] 


' I ^HOU lovely (lave to a rude hu (band's will, 
"*■ By Nature us*d fb well, by him fo ill ! 
For all that grief we fee your mind endure, 
Your glafs prefents you with a pleafmg cure. 
Thole maids you envy for their happier ftate, 
To have your form, would gladly have your fate 5 
And of like ilavery each wife complains. 
Without fuch beauty's help to bear her chains. 
Hulbands like him we every -where may fee 5 
But where can wc behold a wife like thee ? 
Vhilc to a tyrant you by fate are ty'd, 
By love you tyrannize o'er all befide : 
Tliofeeyes, though weeping, can no pity move ; 
W'orthy our grief ! more worthy of our love I 
You, while fo fair (do fortune what fhepleafe) 
Unlefs, unfatisfied with all our vows, 
Your vain ambition fo unbounded grows, 
That you repine a hufband Ihould efcape 
Th' united force of fuch a face and lliape. 
Iffo, alas! for all thofc charming powers. 
Your cafe is juft as dcfpcrate as ours. 
Exped that birds (hould only fing to you , 
And, as you walk, xii^i ^n'^n ^^^^^ ^^>iJA\5Q\v ; 

,1 , 

flafHwHAillfliiifcrftiiii ikM Mjm «M a 
Siicli Imiuijii tMnffk to give nmigt ustf 
But not to make a hniband lore hit wife : 
A hnllMUid, wodk dun ftttues, or than treet i 
Colder than dioie, lefit finfible dtiin theft. 
Then finom £6 dnll a care your thoughts lemore^ 
And wafle not fighs you only o^nre to love. 
Tit pityy fighf from fudi a breaft Ihould part^ 
Unkfi to eaie (bme doubtful lover's heart ; 
Who datk becauie he muft too juftly prize 
What yet the dull pofleflor does de(pi{e. 
Thus piedoos jewels among Indians grow. 
Who nor ifaeir ufe, nor wondrous value knowf 
But we for thofe bri^t treafures tempt the main. 
And hazard life for what die fools difdain. 


FAirefty if time aiid abfence can incline 
Your heart to wandering thoughts no more than minei 
Then ihall my hand, as changelefs as my mind. 
From your glad eyes a kindly welcome find ; 
Then, while this notes my conftancy aflures. 
You '11 be almoft as pleas'd, as I with yours. 
And truft mcy when I feel that kind relief, 
Abience idelf awhile fufpends its grief: 
So may it do with you» but ftrait return f 
Foiit were cruel not ibmetimcs to xaoura 

Um fate, who this long time he keqpt twij. 
Mourns all the nighty and fighs out all^the daji 
Griering yet more, when be itfleda that y<m 
Muft not be happj^ or muft not be mw. 
But fince to roe it ieems a blacker fats 
To be bconftanty than unfortunate j 
Remember all tfaofe yows between us pift^ 
When I from all I value parted laft s 
May you alike with kind impatience boniy 
And foniedung mifsy till I with joy return $ 
And foon may pitying heaven that bleffing g^v%' 
At in die hopes of that alone I live, 


GRAVE fops my envy now begct» 
Who did my pity move j 
They, by the right of wanting wit. 
Are free from cares of love. 

Turks honour fools, becaufe dicy are 

By that defcft fecure ' 
From flavery and toils of war. 

Which all the reft endure. 

So I, who fufier cold negle6l 

And wounds from Celia's eyes. 
Begin extremely to refped 

Thdc fools that feem fo wife. 


Tit tniey tiiej fondly iet their hearts 

On diings of no delight ; 
To paTs all day for men of parts. 

They pafs alone the night. 

But Celia never breaks their reft^ 

Such fervants (he difdains ; 
And fo the fops arc dully bled. 

While I endure her chains. 


RE A D Y .to throw me at the feet 
Of that fair nymph whom I adorcj 
Inipatient thofe delights to meet 
Which I enjoy'd the night before s 

By her wonted fcornful brow, 

Soon the fond millakc I find ; 
Ixion moum'd his error fo, 

When Juno*s form the cloud refign'd. 

Sleep, to make its charms more prized 
Than waking joys, which moft prevail. 

Had cunningly itfelf difguis'd 
In a fhape that could not fail. 

There my Cclia*s fnowy arms. 

Breads, and other parts more dear, 
JSxpofing new and unknown charms. 

To i^y tranfported foul appear. 


Then you fo much kijidnefs fhow. 

My defpair deluded flies ; 
And indulgent dreams beflow 

What your cruelty denies. 

Bluih not that your image Love 

Naked to my fancy brought ; 
'Tis hard, methinks, to difapprove 

The joys I feel without your fault. 

Wondtr not a fancy *d blifs 

Can iuch griefs as mine remove ; 
That honour as fantaftic is, 

Which makes you flight fuch conflant love^ 

The virtue which you value fo. 

Is but a fancy frail and vain ; 
Nothing is folid here below, 

Except my love and your difdain. 

To One who accufed him of being too fcnfual iB 
his Love. 

nn H I N K not, my fair, 'tis fin or fliame, 
■*• To blefs the man who fo adores j 
Nor give fo hard, unjuft a name, 

To all thofe favours he implores. 
Beauty is heaven's moft bounteous gift efteem'd, 
Becaufc by love men are from vice rcdcem'd. 


Yet vrilh doc vsalr far s. !m 

Fmn aJl the nxcc cr iar:rrt i.^Er 
Thar is idenr'd fer tscb nMns. 

And 'tis a fe"' t: iliin r ic-i. 
For fenfual ;<;Ti j* ^.-cx ~7tr »» L.v,^ ,-:--. <. 
But love widurj: ±£=l jk ; 

THE TT A 1 I-* : i; 

T OVERS, T^^—i^i---^-:™. *!- 

Who drren: cf -rirrriSL : l:-^^-.-^ -rir::- 
And doat -por 7 uir' u^ifcT:— 

I fhould EOt tjc:^ ;--ur ftri':; :b:a 

From fucb 2. T!**g-''rrr f.zis-- 
Were vou r:C»r fii-i a: ^f r.. v.-A^-i 

And fisd ji"-- r'i...:: v-n. j»:t 

Then lear- bttJ-iir.. ■::e iJ' •-- v .u'^ --sy-^. 

Our csrtt ;: i^ -- x v i-r 
Compc-'i cf r't'.^ :'i.::>:: .• .•-■ ..- 

And icf: c JT'-r.-. .i: j, i'-.ic. 

With zn^tr. v- .'.: .'vtir--..::*^ t-»c .•: ^^.. 

They cr^t' '; -<::.• . ;7:v.'. 
And then r-"- ^ «::•.•:• c ^vr^ii;.. 

With ii tft-Cv-- ivt 

As if foaie I--.:^ va: ii<«a;r 

To ihoit r:j*-v r.iitj-; u' t , 
Thole Icn-en *rt 'Si'- iw'jf' '-t«i«;j 

That hivt :4*x I-i- stfin- 1 


Since each has in his bofom nurft 

A falie and fawning foe^ 
'Tit juft and wile, by ^king fixftj^ 

To 'fcape the fiial blow. 


Ty-HEN I held out agaihft your eytt^ ~ 
^ ^ You took the fureft courfe j 
A heart unwary to furprize. 
You ne'er could take by force. 

However, though I (hive no mon,. 

The fort will now be priz'd> 
Which, if furrender'd up before^. 

Perhaps had been de^Hs'd* 

But, gentle Amorctta, though' 

I cannot love refift, 
Think not, >^hen you have caught me ib^ 

To ufe me as you lift. 

Inconftancy or coldnefs will 

My foolifh heart reclaim : 
Then I come off with honour ftill. 

But youy alas ! with ihame. 

A heart by kindnefs only gain*d, 

Will a dear conqueft prove ; 
And, to be kept, muft be maintained 

At vaft expence of love. 

I 3« 3 


OH, how I languifli ! what a ftrange 
Unruly fierce defire ! 
My (pints feel fome wondrous change^ 
My heart is all on fire. 

Now, all ye wifer thoughts, away, 

In vain your tale ye tell 
Of patient hopes, and dull delay. 

Love's foppiih part ; farewell, 

Suppofc one week's delay would give 

All that my wilhes move ; 
Oh, who fo long a time can live, 

Strctch'd on the rack of love ? 

Her foul perhaps is too fubllme. 

To like fuch flavilh fear ,- 
Difcretion, prudence, all is crime. 

If once condemn'd by her. 

When honour does the foldier call 

To fome unequal fight, 
Refolv'd to conquer, or to fall. 

Before his general's fight ; 

Advanc'd the happy hero lives j 

Or if ill Fate denies, 
The noble raflincfs heaven forgives, 

And glorioufly he dies. 



T Muft confefs, I am untrue 
-■• To Gloriana's eyes j 
But he that *s fmil'd upon by yoU| 
Muft all the world defpife. 

In winter, fires of little worth 

Excite our dull defire ; 
But when the fun breaks kindly forth, 

Thofe fainter flamest expire. 

Then blame me not for ilighting flow 

What I did once adore ; 
O, do but this one change allow. 

And I can change no more ] 

Fixt by your never-failing charms, 

Till I with age decay. 
Till languifhing within your arms, 

I ligh my foul away^. 

SONG. 33 

But ohy I figluQg, iighing> fee 
The happy Twain ! flie ne'er can be 
Falfe to him, or kind to me. 

Yet, if I could humbly (how her. 

Ah ! how wretched 1 remain ; 
*Tis not. Aire, a thing below her, 

Still to pity Co much pain. 
The gods fome pleafure, pleafure take, 
Happy as themfelves to make 
Thole who fufier for their fake. 

Since your hand alone was given 

To a wretch not worth your care ; 
Like fome angel fent from heaven. 

Come, and raiie nu from dcipair ; 
Your heart I cannot, cannot mils, 
And I defire no other blifs j 
Let all the world befides be his. 


ALL hopelefs of relief, 
•^^ Incapable of reft, 
In vain I llrive to vent a grief 
That's not to be exprcft. 

This rage within my veins 

No reafon can remove j 
Of all the mind's moil cruel pains, 

Ihe IharpeH, furc, is love. 

D Yet 

Yet while I languifli fo, 

And on thee vainly call ; 
Take heed, fair caufe of all my woe^ 

What fate may thee befall. 

Ungrateful, cruel feults 

Suit not thy gentle fcx f 
Hereafter, how will guilty. thougfatt 

Thy tender conicience yex ! 

When welcome Death fhall bring 

Relief to wretched me, 
My foul enlarged, and ooce on wing. 

In hafle will fly to thee. 

When in thy lonely b4 

My ghoft its moan fhall make^ 
With faddeft iigns that I am dead. 

And dead for thy dear fake ; 

Struck with that confcious blow. 

Thy very foul will ftart : 
Pale as my Ihadovv thou wilt grow. 

And cold as is thy heart* 

Too late remorfe will then 

Untimely pity fliow 
To him, who of all mortal men 

Did moft thy value know. 

Yet, with this broken heart, 

I wifh thou never be 
Tormented with the thoufendth part 

Of what I feel for theo. 

£ 35 ] 

On Apprehenfion of lofing what he had newly 


SURE I of all men am the firft 
That ever was by kindnefs curll. 
Who muft my only blifs bemoan, 
And am by happinefs undone. 

Had I at diftance only feen 
That lovely face, I might have been 
With the delightful objeft plcas'd, 
But not with all this paflion feiz'd. 

When afterwards fo near I came 
As to be fcorch'd in beauty's flame ; 
To fo much foftnefs, fo much fcnfe, 
Rcafon itfclf made no defence. 

What plcafmg thoughts pofTefs'd my mind 
When little favours Ihew'd you kind ! 
And though, when coldnefs oft' prevail'd, 
My heart would fmk, and fpirits fail'd, 
Yet willingly the yoke I bore, 
And all your chains as bracelets wore : 
At your lov'd feet all day would lie, 
Dcfiring, without knowing why ; 
For, not yet bleft within your arms, 
Who could have thought of half your charms? 

D 1 Ghanm 


Charms of fuch a wondrous kind, 
Words \ye cannot, muft not find, 
A body worthy of your mind. 
Fancy could ne'er fo high refle6l^. 
Nor love itfelf fuch joys expc£b. 

After fucTi embraces paft, 
Whoie memory will ever laft. 
Love is ftill refletting back 5 
All my foul is on a rack : 
To be in hell 's fufficient curfc, 
But to fall from heaven is worfe. 
I liv'd in grief ere this I knew, 
But then I dwelt in darknefs too. 
Of gains, alas ! I could not boafl ; 
But little thought how much I loft. 

Now heart-devouring eagernefs. 
And iharp impatience to poiTefs ; 
Now reftlefs cares, cbnfaming fires. 
Anxious thoughts, and fierce dcfircs. 
Tear my heart to that degree, 
For ever fix'd on only thee : 
Then all my comfort is, 1 fliall 
Live in thy arms, or not at all. 


COME, let us now refolve at laft 
To live and love in quiet ; 
We'll tie tht knot fo very faft. 
That Tims ftvaU ii«? « >wiX«.\x, Tl 

SONG. 37 

Tlie truelt Joys they feldom prove. 

Who free from quarrels live ; 
'Tis the moft tender part of love, 

Each other to forgive. 

When ieaft I fcem'd concern'd, I took 

No pleafure, nor no reft ; 
And when I feign 'd an angry look, 

Alas ! I lov*d you bcft. 

Own but the fame to me, you '11 find 

How bleft will be our fate ; 
Oh, to be happy, to be kind. 

Sure never is too late. 

S O N G^ 

"rROM all uneafy paflions free, 
■^ Revenge, ambition, jcaloufy, 
Contented 1 had been too bleft, 
If love and you had let me reft : 
Yet that dull life I now dcfpifc j 

Safe from your eyes, 
I fear'd no griefs, but then I found no joys. 

Amidft a thoufand kind de(ires. 
Which beauty naoves, and love infpiresj 
Such pangs I feel of tender fear, 
"No heart Co fbft as mine can bear : 
Yet I '11 defy the worft of harms j 

Such are your charms, 
^Tis wonh a life to die within your arms. 

D 3 TO 

C 38 ] 


"T^ R O M' wars and plagues come no fuch hanxis» 

-*- A«! from a nymph fo full of channs 5 

So much fweetncfs in her face. 

In \\cv motions fuch a grace. 

In her kind inviting eyes 

Such a foft enchantment lies ; 

That we plcafe ourfclves too fbon, 

And are with empty hopes undone. 

After all her foftncfs, we 
Are but (laves, while fhe is free j 
Free, alas \ from all defire. 
Except to fct the world on fire. 

Thou, fair diflcmbler, doll but thus 
Deceive thyfelf, as well as us. 
Like ri icftlcfs monarch, thou 
A\'()iiUlft nuher fi.TCC mankind to bow. 
And venture roiuul the world to roam, 
'1 han govern peaceably at home. 
But rrjft me, Cella, trull me, when 
Apollo's felf infpires my pen, 
One hour of love's delight out-weigh» 
\\'h;)lc years of univerfal praife j 
And one adorer, kindly us'd, 
Gives tri:er iovs tha'^ crowds refus'd. 
Tor what docs youth and beauty fcrvc ? 
Why moie Uiun all your lex. dei'crvc r 


Why fuch fbft alluring arts 
To charm our eyet» and melt our hearts ? 
By our lofs you nothing gain : 
Unlefs you love, you picafe in vain. 


T IKE children in a ftarry night, 
"^ When I beheld thofc eyes before^ 
I gaz'd with wonder and delight, 
Infcnfible of all their power. 

I play'd about the flame fo long. 

At laft I felt the fcorching fire ; 
My hopes were weak, my paflion ftrong* 

And I lay dying with defire. 

By all the helps of human art, 

I juft recover'd fo much fenfe, 
As to avoid, with heavy heart. 

The fair, but fatal, influence. 

But, fmce you (hine away defpair. 

And now my fighs no longer fhun,. 
No Periian in his zealous prayer 

So much adores the rifmg fun. 

If once again my vows difplealc. 

There never was fo loft a lover j 
In love, that langui filing difcafc, 

A fad rclapfc we ne'er recover. 

D 4 THE 



^ I G H I N G and languifhing I lay, 
*^ A ftrangcr grown to all delight. 
Faffing with tedions thoughts the day. 
And with unquiet dreams the night. 

For your dear fake, my only care 

Was how my fatal love to hide ; 
For ever drooping with defpair, 

Ncglefting all the world befide : 

Tilly like fbme angel from above, 

Cornelia came to my relief ; 
And then I found the joys of love 

Can make amends for all the grief. 

Thofe pleafing hopes I now purfue 
Might fail if you could prove unjuft; 

But promifes from heaven and you, 
Who is fo impious to raiftruft ? 

Here all my doubts and troubles end. 

One tender word my foul affures ; 
Nor am I vain, fince I depend 

Not on my own deiert, but yours. 


r 4« ] 


T^EJBCTED, as true convem die, 
""^ But yet with fervent thoughts iaflam'd. 
So, faireft ! at your feet I lie. 
Of all my fex^s faults aiham'i. 

Too long, alas ! have I abus'd 

Love's innocent and iacred flame. 
And that divineft power have ut*d 

To laugh aty as an idle name. 

But fince ib freely I confeft 

A crime which may your fcorn produce. 
Allow me now to make it lefs 

By any juft and fiurcxcufe; 

f'then did rulgar joys purfue* 

Variety was ail my blifs ; 
But ignorant of love and you. 

How could 1 chufe but do amiA ? 

If ever now my wandering eyes 

Seek out amufements as before i 
If e'er I look, but to defpile 

Such channs, and value yours the more ; 

May fiid remoHe, and guilty (hame, 
BLevenge your wrongs on faithlefs me ; 

And, what I tremble even to name. 
May I Io(e all in lofing thee 1 




' 'T* HOU flatterer of all the fair, 
-*• Come with all your Ikill and care; 
Draw me fuch a fhape and face. 
As your flattery would difgrtce. 
Wifli not that Ihe would appear, 
'Tis well for you fhe is not here : 
Scarce can you with fafety fee 
All her charms dcfcrib*d by me : 
I, alas ! the danger know, 
I, alas ! have felt the blow ; 
Mourn, as loft, my former days, 
That never fung of Celiacs praife ; 
And thofe few that are behind 
I Ihall blcft or wretched find. 
Only juft as flie is kind. 

With her tempting eyes begin, 
Eyes that would draw angels in 
To a fccond fweeter fm. 
Oh, thofc wanton rolling eyes ! 
At each glance a lover dies ; 
Make them bright, yet make them willing,. 
Let them look both kind and killing. 

Next, draw her forehead j then her nofe,, 
And lips juft opening, that •dill:lofe 


• T H K P I C T U R E, 43 

Tcodi fi> hnijbtt nd breath fo fweet, 
8a arwiiitinittty, lo'iniidi wit. 
To our very foul they ftrike, 
AH our fenfes pleas'd alike. 

But fo pure a white and red, 
Never, never, can be (aid : 
What are words in fuch a cafe { 
What is paint to fuch a face ? 
How ihould either art avail us ? 
Fancy here itielf muik fail us. 

In her looks, and in her mien. 
Such a graceful air is feen. 
That if you, vn^ all your art. 
Can but reach the fmailefl: part ; 
Next to her, the matchlcfs ihe. 
We ihall wonder moil at thee. 

Then her neck, and breads, and hair, 

And her but my charming fair 

Does in a thoufand things excel, 
Which I muft not, dare not tcIL 

How go on then ? Oh ! I fee * 

A lovely Venus drawn by thee ; 
Oh how fair ihe does appear ! 
Touch it only here and there. 
Make her yet fcem more divine. 
Your Venus then may look like mine, 
Whofe bright form if once you faw, 
You by her would Venus draw. 


C 44 ] 

On Don Alon20*s being killed in Poitngi!, t 
Account of the Infanta, in the Year i68 

T N fuch a cauie no Mufe ihould fail < 

•*• To bear a mournful part j 
*Ti8 juft and noble to bewail 

In vain ambitious hopes defign'd 

Td make his (bul afpire, 
If love and beauty had not joiu'd. 

To raifi: a brighter fire. 

Amidft fo many dangerous foes / 

How weak the wifeft prove ! 
Realbn itfeif would fcarce oppoie. 

And feems agreed with love. 

If from the glorious height he falls, 

He greatly daring dies ; 
Or fnounting where bright beauty calls. 

An empire is the prize. 


Q A FEL Y perhaps dull crowds admire j 
*^ But I, alas ! am all on fire. 

Like him who thought in childhood paft 
That dire difeaie which kill'd at lail, 

» ] 


I itfttaw Iwora I lov'd before, 
Ai^hmcfA allilie danger o*cr { 

Had felt the pangs of jealous pain. 
And borne the blafts of cold difdais; 
Then re^'d at length the mighty gains^ 
That full reward of all our pains ! 

' But what was all fuch grief or joy, 
That did my hwdlefs ears employ ? 
Mere breams of fcignM fantaftic powers. 
But the difeafe of idle hours ; 
Amuiement, humour, aflfe^btion,' 
Compar'd with tiiis fublimer paffion, 
"Whofe raptures, bright as thole above, 
Outihinethe flames of zeal or love. 

Yet think not, ^reft, what I fing. 
Can from a love platonicfpring; 
That formal foftnefs (falfe and vain) ' 
Not of the heart, but of the brain. 
Thou art indeed above all nature ; 
But I, a wretclied human creature. 
Wanting thy gentle generous aid, • 

Of hufband, rivals, friends afraid! 
Amidft all thi^ leraphic fire. 
Am almof)^ dying with defire. 
With eager willies, ardent thoughts. 
Prone to commit love's wiidcll faults I 
And (as we are on Sundays told 
The lufty patriarch did of old) 
Would force a blefling from thole charmi, 
And grafp an angel in my arms. 

A B\h 

[ 46 ] 





Xy RIGHT and blooming as the fpring, 
■■^ Univerfal love infpiring ; 
All our fwains thy praifcs (ing, 

Ever gazing and adnniring. 

Praifes in fo high a ftrain, 

And by fuch a (hcphcrd fung. 
Arc enough to make me vain, 

Yet fo harmicfs and fo young. 

I fliould have defpair'd among 

Rivals that appear fo gayly : 
But your eyes have made me young. 

By their fmiling on me daily. 

Idle boys admire us blindly, 

Are inconftant, wild, and bold ; 
And your ufing mc fo kindly 

Is a proof you arc not old. 

S H EP- 




Willk^ plafing voice and falhioDy 

With dqr hamoixr and thy youth, 
Chcarn&y Ibul, and crown my paffion : 

Oh ! reward my love and truth. 


With thy careful arts to cover 

That which fools will count a fault, 
Tmeft friend as well as lover, 

Oh ! defenx fo kind a tb.ought. 


.Happy we (hall lie pofTcffing, 

Folded in each other's arms. 
Love and Nature's chiefeil blclling 

In the flill increafing charms. 
80 the deareft joys of loving, 

Which" (carce heaven can go beyond, 
Wc '11 be every day improving, 


You more fair, and 1 more fond. 


I more fair, and you more fond. 

On One who died difcovering her Kindnefst 

SOME vex their fouls with jealous pain, 
While others fighfor cold difdain : 
Love's various (laves we daily fee ! 
Yet happy all, coropar'd with mc. 


Of all mankind, I lov'd the beft 

A nymph fo far above the reft, 

That we outfhin'd the bleft above. 

In beauty flic, and I in love. 

And therefore they who could not bear 

To be outdone by mortals here. 

Among themfelves have plac'd her now. 

And left mc wretched here below. 

All other fate I oould have borne. 

And ev'n endur'd her very fcorn ; 

But oh ! thus all at once to find 

That dread account ! both dead and kind t 

What heart can hold ! if yet I live, 

'Tis but to fliew how much I grieve. 


/^ O ME all ye doleful, difmaV cares, 
^^ That ever haunted guilty mind ! 
The pangs of love when it dcfpairs, 

And all thofe ftings the jealous find : 
Alas ! heart-breaking though ye be. 
Yet welcome, welcome all to me ! 
Who now have loft--- but oh ! how much ? 

No language, nothing can exprefs. 
Except my grief ! for flic was fuch, 

That praifes would but make her Icfs, 
Yet who can ever dare to raife 
His voice on hex, unlefs to piaife ? 

. «^|l. |i.UCINDA'S DEATH. ^ 
'W^ihm hK ftirt fiuUeft hvdts, 

Tender md wwm at lovei's thoughtty 

Yet cold to all the world but me. 
Of all this nothing now remainSy 
But only fight and endlcft pains ! 


WHAT bread but yours can hold the double (ire 
Of fierce devotion, and of fond defiiv ? 
Lots would ihine forth, were not your zeal fb bright 
Whoie glaring flames eclipfe his gentler light : 
Left ftems the faith that mountaifis can remove^ 
Than this which triumphs over youth and love. 

But ihali fomc threatening prieft divide u&-twcw^ 
What worfe than that coiild all his curies do ? 
Thut with a fright fomc have refign'd their breathy 
And poorly dy'd, only for fear of death. 

Heaven ices our paflions with indulgence tti% 
And they who lov'd well, can do nothing ill. 
While to u^ nothing but ourielves is dear. 
Should the world frown, yet what have we to fear f 
Fame, wealth, andpo\%'er, thofe high-priz*d gifts of fate. 
The low concerns of a left happy ftate, 
Are fir beneath us : fortune's felf may take 
|ier aim at ut, yet no imprefl[ion make i • 

£ tet 


I^t worldlings a(k her help, or fear her harms ; 
We can lie fafe, lock'd in each other's arms, 
Like the bleft faints, eternal raptures know. 
And flight thofe ftormsthat vainly reft below. 

Yet this, all this you are refolv'd to quit ; 
I fee my ruin, and I muft fubmit : 
But think, O think, before you prove unkind. 
How loft a wretch you leave forlorn behind. 

Malignant envy, mix'd with hate and fear. 
Revenge for wrongs too burdenfome to bear, 
Ev*n zeal itfclf, from whence all mifchiefs fpring, 
Have never done fo barbarous a thing. 

Withfuch a fate the heavens decreed to vex ] 
Armida once, though of the fairer fex ; 
Rinaldo (he had charmed with fb much art. 
Hers was his power, his perfon, and his heart : 
Honour's high thoughts no more his mind could move | 
She footh'd his rage, and turn'd it all to love : 
When ftrait a guft of fierce devotion blows. 
And in a moment all her joys o'erthrows : 
The poor Armida tears her golden hair, 
Matchlefs till now, for love or for dcfpair. 
Who is not mov'd while the fad nymph complains > 
Yet you now ad what Taflb only feigns : 
And after all our vows, our fighs, our te^s, 
My banifh'd forrows, and your conquered fears : 
So many doubts, fo many <langers paft, 
Vifjons of zeal muft vanquifli me at laft. 

Thus, in great Homer's war, throughout the field 
Some hero ftill made all things movtal yield 4 



Bot when a god once took the vanquifh'd fide, 
The weak prendrd, and the vidbrious dy'd. 


Written during a Sea Voyage, when fcnt to command 
the Forces for the Relief of Tangier, 

TT7" Ithin the filcnt (hades of foft rcpofe, 

^ ^ Where Fancy's boundlefs ftrcam for ever flows 5 
Where the infranchisM foul at eafe can play, 
Tir'd with the toilfomc bufmcfs of the day ; 
Where princes gladly reft their weary heads. 
And change uneafy thrones for downy beds ; 
Where fccming joys delude defpairing minds, 
And where ev*n jcaloufy feme quiet linds ; 
There I and forrow for a while could part. 
Sleep clos'd my eyes^ and eas'd a fighing heart. 

But here too foon a wretched lover found 
In deepeft griefs the flccp can ne'er be found ; 
With ftrange fui-prize my troubled fancy brings 
Odd antic ihapes of wild unheard-of things ; 
Difmal and terrible they all appear, 
IVIy ioul was (hook with an unufual fear. 
But as when vifions glad the eyes of faints, 
And kind relief attends devout complaints, 
Some beauteous angel in bright charms will fhinc^ 
And fpreads a glory round, that 's all dmne f 
E e 

Juil fuch a bright and beauteous form appean^ 
The xnoQ^ers vautfh, and with them my fears* 
The faireft ihape wa« then before me brought. 
That eyes e'er faw, or fancy ever thou^t; 
How weak arc words to ftew fuch excellence, 
Which ev'n confounds the foul, as well as (enlb f 
And, while our eyes tranfporting pleafure find, - 
It flops not here, but ilrikes the very mind. 
Some angel fpcaks her praife j no human tongue^ 
But with its utmoft art muft do her wrong. 
The only woman that has power to kill. 
And yet is good enough to want the will ; 
Who needs no foft alluring words repeat, 
Kor ftudy'd looks of languiihing deceit. 

Fantaftic beauty, always in the wrong, 
Still thinks fome pride muft to its power belong; s 
An air afie£led, and an haughty mein. 
Something that (cems to fay, I would be feen. 
But of all womankind this only fhe. 
Full of its charms, and from its frailty free, 
Defervcs fome nobler Mufe her fame to raife^ 
By making the whole fex befide her pyramid of praife. * 
She, fhe appeared the fource of all my joys,^ 
The deancfl care that all my thought employs : 
Gently fhe look'd, as when I left her lafi. 
When firfl fhe feiz'd my heart, and held it fafl : 
When, if my vows, alas I were made too late, 
I faw my doom came not from her, but fate. 
With pity then fhe eas'd my raging pain, 
And her kind eyes could fcarce from tears refraJn : 


MThyy gentk IWuiit laid ihe, why do you grieve 
la words I fliould not hear» much Icfs believe i 
I gaze on that which is a feult to mind, 
i^nd ought to fly the danger which I find : 
Of falfc mankind though you may be the bet* 
Ye all have robb'd poor women of their reft. 
I fee your pain, and fee it too with grief, 
Becaufe I would, yet muft not, give relief. 
Thus, for a hufband*s fake as well as yours, 
^ly fcFupulous foul divided pain endures ; 
Guilty^ alas I to both : for thus I do 
Too much for him, yet not enough for you. 
Oive over then, give over, haplefs Twain, 
A palfion moving, but a paffion vain : 
J>Iot chance nor time Ihall ever change my tliought : 
'1 is better much to die, than do a fault. 

Oh, worfc than ever I Is it then my doom 
Juft to Ice heaven, where I muft never come ? 
Your foft conipaflion, if not fomething more j 
Yet I remain as wretched as before ; 
The wind indeed is fair, but ah ! no fight of ftiorc. 
Farewell, too fcrupulous fair-one j oh ! farewell j 
W'hat torments I endure, no tongue can tell : 
Thank heaven, my fate tianfports rac now where I, 
Your martyr, may with eafe and fafety die. 

With that I kneel'd, and fcizM her trembling hand, 
While (he impos'd this cruel kind command : 
Live, and love on ; you will be true, I know | 
But live theA, and come back to tell me fo ; 

E 3 For 


For though I bluih at this laft guilty breath» 
I can endure that better than your death. 

Tormenting kindnefs ! barbarous reprieve ! 
Condcmn'd to die« and yet compel l*d to live I 

This tender fccxK my dream repeated o*er» 
Juft as it paf&^d in resi trutii before. 
Methought I tlien fell groTcUng to tbeptnind» 
Till, on a fuddcn rak'dy I wondering fouBd 
A ftrange appearance all in taintkfs white j 
His form gave reverencev and hSs face deliglit : . . 

Goodneis and greatnds in his eyes were fecn^ 
Gentle his look, and a£ibk his mcin. 
A kindly notice of mc thus he took : ^ 

** What mean theft flowing eyes» this ^baftly took I. 
*' Theie trembling joints, this loo£a diflievcl'd hair»- - 
*' And this cold dew, the drops of deep d«(pair.j(" 

With grief and wonder fiiH my ^irits ^unt. 
But thus at laft I vented my complaint : 
Behold a wretch whom cruel fate has found. 
And in the depth of ail misfortune drown'd. 
There fliines a nymph, to whom an envy'd Twain 
Is ty*d in Hymen's ceremonious chain ; 
But, cloy'd with charms of fuch a marriage-bed. 
And fed with manna, yet he longs for bread ; 
And will, moid huiband-like, not only range 
For love perhaps of nothing clfe but change. 
But to inferior beauty proftrate lies, 
And courts her love in fcorn of Flavia's eyes* 

All this I knew (the form divine reply'd) 
And did but aik to have thy temper try'd. 


./S/lcft ^V I SIGN. 5s 

WUclifvm ii||nRh;'> Of both I know the mind; 
SbB it too lcnipuldiiivi*'«id- thou too kmd t 
But fiace thy fed love 'i for ever fix*d. 
Whatever time or ablbnce come betwixt ; 
Since thy fond heart cv*ii her difdain prefen 
To others love, 1 '11 ibmething ibften hers: 
£lie in the fearch of virtue fbc may ftray ; 
Well-meaning mortals ihould not lofe their way. 
She now ibdecd fins on the &fer fide. 
For hcaru too looie are never to be ty*d i 
But no extremes are either good or wi(e. 
And in the midft. alone tme virtue lies. 
Wheft macriage-vowa unite an equal pair, 
'Ti< a tnere confta^ made by human caie» 
By which they both.are for convenience ty'd. 
The bridegroom yet more ftri^ly than the bridss s 
/For circumftances alter every ill. 
And woman meets with moft temptation (kill i 
She a fbrfidcen bed mud often bear, 
While he can never fail to find her there. 
And therefore Icfs excused to range eliewhere. 
Yet this fhe ought to fuficr, and fubmtt : 
But when no longer for each other fit, -^^ 

If. ufage bafe (hall jufl refentroent nu>ve, '"^ 
Or, what is worfe, affronts of wandering love; 
No obligation after that remains, 
'Tis mean, not jud, to wear a rival's chains. 

Yet decency requires the wonted cares 
Of intereft, children^ and remote aCain ; 

£ 4 But 



But in her love, that dear ocmceni of life. 
She all the while ony be aoother^t wife : 
Heaven, that bdioldt her wrong**) and widow'd btdt 
Permits a lover in her hu^MUid't ftead. 

I flung me at his fleet, hit robet woiild ldlt» 
And cry'd— £7*0 our bale wiNrld it juft in tfaiii 
Amidft car ceniuret, lofe we gentlj bkiney 
And love ibmcdmet piieiarvet.a female fame* 
What tie lefs ftrongicaB woman's wiUjnBftiam I • . ^ 
When honour chedct, and conlcieact pleads m vnft t 
When parents thiaats and friends: perfuafitea £nl« 
When intereft and ai61»tioB fcafce pnmulp " 
To bound that fo when nodiiag c^ caa omn*^ » 
They»lllivereieiT*d, to plcaft the waailMy tew 1 

The fpirit then re^d to all I iidd» 
Shemayfoekind» brtt.nocdlldmartilBadi ■' 
Bewail thy memory, bemoan iky ftte 1 - 
Then fhe will lovt, when 'tit^ alas ! too hoc a 
Of all thy pains (he will no pity have. 
Tin (ad defpair has fent thee to the grave. 

Amaz'd, I wak*d in haile. 

All trembling at my doom ; 
Dreams oft' repeat adventures paft. 

And tdl our ills to come. 


-;?'^j^ ;:'(•"■ 

C 57 ] 



THEN lode epifUcs violate chafte eyes. 
She hftlf eonients, who filently denies i 

f daret a ftnmger, with defigns (b vaiiiy 

riage and hoipitable rights pro^e ? 

i it for this your fete did ibelter find 

Q fwelH^g leas and every feithlefs wind ? 

' though a di^ant country brought you forthj 

r uiage heie was equal to your worth.) 

( this deierve to be rewarded U>\ 

you come here a ftranger, or a foe ? 

r partial judgment may perhaps complain^ 

think me barbarous for my juft difdain ; 

red then let me be, but not unchafte, 

my clear fame with any (pot defecM. 

igh in my face there 's no affe^ed frown, 

in my carriage a feign'd nicenefs fhown^ 

p my honour ftill without a (lain, 

[las my love made any coxcomb vain. 

* boldnefs I with admiration fee : 

t hope had you to gain a queen like me? 

lie a hero forc'd me once away, 

I thought fit to be a fecond prey ? 

S Had 


Had I been won, I had defcrv'd your blame^ 

Butfurc my paitwas nothing but the (haoie; 

Yet the bafc theft to him no fruit did bear, 

1 Tcap'd unhurt by any thing but fear ; 

Rude force might fome unwilling kiflct gpin, 

But that was all he ever could.obtaio. 

You on fuch terms would ne'er have kt me got ~ ' 

Were he like you, ^fn had not parted f6» 

Untouched the youth. reftor*d me to my ftieiult^ 

And modeft ufaige made me (bme aroeadt. 

Tis virtue to repent a vicious deed : 

Did he repent, that Paris might fucceed ? 

Sure 'tis fome fate that fets me above wrongf^ 

Yet ftill expo&8 me to bufy tongues. 

I '11 not complain, lor who 's difjpleas'd inotlilov^ 

If it fincerc, difcreet, and conftant prove ? 

But diat r fear — not that I think yoa fcile. 

Or doubt the blooming beauties of my hee i 

But ail your fex is fubjc£^ to deceive. 

And ours, alas ! too willing to believe. 

Yet others yield, and love o*ercomes the beft— 

But why fhould I not (hine above the reft ? 

Fair Leda's ftory fccms at firft to be 

A fit example ready found for me : 

But (he was couzcn'd by a borrowed (hape» 

And under harmleis feathers felt a rape : 

If I fliould yield, what rcafon could I u(e ? 

By what miftakc the loving crime cxcufc ; 

Her fault was in her powerful lover loft • 

But of wliat Jupiter have I to boaft ? 


V ■ .l||r^.§^.XO PARIS. .59 
Tli^lXgll jva to ^jrfp,aBd to kings fucceed, 
Ovff.hifi^ t^jl^ jop addition need ; . 
And gmt klliancet but vrclcft prove 

To one that (prings herfclf from mighty Jove. 

Go then and boaft in fome lefs haughty place 

Your Phrygian blood» and Priam's ancient race^ 

Which I would fhcw I valued, if I durll ; 

You are the fifth from Jove, but I the firft. 

The crown of Troy is powerful, I confefs. 

But I have reafo/. to tlnnk ours no lc6. . 

Your letter, fiU'd with promiies of all 

That men can good, and women plea&nt call^ 

Gives expe£btion fuch an ample field 

At would move goddeiTes themfclves to yield : 

But, if I e*er offend great Juno*s laws, 

Tourielf (hall be the dear, the only caufe's 

Either my honour 1*11 to -death noaintain. 

Or follow you without mean thoughts of gain : 

Not that {6 fair a prcfcnt 1 defpife ; 

We like the gift, when we the giver priae i 

But 'tis your love moves me, which made you take 

Such pains, and run fuch hazards for my fkke. 

1 have perceiv'd (though I diffembled too) 

A thouiand things tliat love has made you do : 

Your eager eyes would almoft dazzle mine. 

In which, (wild man!) your wanton thouglus would 

Sometimes you *d figh, fometimes diforder'd ^nd. 
And with unufual ardour prefs my hand| 
Contrive juil after me to take the gUfs, 
Nor would you let the Icail occalion pafs i 



Which oft* I fear'd I did not mind aloiie» 
And bluihing (at for thbgs which you have done i 
Then murmur*d to myfelf. He '11 fbr my fake 
Do any ^ng, I hope 'twas no mifitke. 
Oft have I read within ^s pleaiknt ^^toft^ 
Under my name, thefb charming worat* litvf^ 
I, frowning, ieem'd not to beliere your flame^ ', 
But now, alat t am come to write the fame* 
If I were capable to do amifs, 
I could not but be fenfible of this. 
For, oh ! your face has fuch peculiar charms^ 
That who can hold from flying to your anna ! 
But what I ne'er can hate without offence. 
May fome bleft maid poflTeft with innocenee. 
Pleafure may tempt, but virtue more fliould mofc $ 
Oh ! learn of roe to want die thbg yon love; 
What you defire is fought by tjl mankind i 
As you have eyes, fo others are not blind : 
Like you they fee, like you my charms adore i 
They wifli not lefs, but you dare venture mote. 
Oh ! had you then upon our coafts been brought^ 
My virgin love when thoufand rivals fought. 
You had I feen, you ihould have had my voice. 
Nor could my hufband juftly blame my choice. 
For both our hopes, alas ! you came too late, 
Anodier now is mafter of my fate : 
More to my wiOi I could have liv'd with you. 
And yet my prefeflt lot can undergo. 
Ceafe to foiicit a weak woman's will, 
And urge Aot her you lore to ib much ill} 


' .';l|.li:V)IH TO PARIS. (I 

>Mrht MM tiftffltf miwil at I may, 
- JUamricii tiptwSfwt^oaad fame yov fnj i 
Some righcyou claim, fince naked to your cyea 
Three goddefles difputed beauty's prise : 
One ofTcr'd valour, f other crowns ; bat (he 
Obcain'd her cauiei who fintling promised me. 
But, firft, I am not of belief fo light, 
To think fuch nymphs would ihew you fuch a fig)it : 
Yet, gnmting this, the other pa)t is feign'd, 
A bribe Co mean your (entence had not ggin'd* 
With partial eyes I ihould myfelf regard, 
To think that Venus made me her reward j 
I humbly am content with human praiie, 
A goddefs's applauie would envy mife i 
But be it as yon fay i for 'tis conftft. 
The men who flatter higheft plcafe us heft t 
That I fufpefl it ought not to difpleafe. 
For miracles are not belier'd with eaie. 
One joy I have, that I had Venus' voice i 
A greater yet, that you confirm'd her dioice f 
That pipfier'd laurels, promisM fovereignty, 
Juno and Pallas, you contemn'd for me. 
Am I your empire then, and your renown ? 
What heart of rock but muft by this be won ? 
And yet bear witnels, O ye powers above. 
How rude I am in all the arts of love ! 
My hand is yet untaught to write to men. 
This is th' eflay of my unpra^^is'd pen : 
Happy thoie nym^ whom uie has perfeQ made/ 
I think all crime, and tremble at a ihade s 




Ev'n while I write, my fearful confcious eyes 

Look often back, mifdoubting a furprize : 

For now the rumour fpreads among the croud. 

At court in vvhifpers, but in town aloud. 

Diflemble you, whatc'er you hear them fay : 

To leave oflF loving were your better way 9 

Yet, if you will dilTcmble iti you may. 

Love fccretly: theabfencc of my lord 

More freedom gives, but does not all afford : 

Long is his journey, long will be his flay, 

Call'd by affairs of confcqucnce away : 

To go or not, when unreiblv'd he flood, 

I bid him make what fwift return he could : 

Then kiifing me, hefaid, I recommend 

All to thy care, but moft my Trojan friend. 

I fmil'd at what he innocently faid, 

And only anfwef d. You fliall be obcy*d. 

Propitious winds have borne him far from hence. 

But let not this fccure your confidence : / 

Abfcnt he is, yet abient he commands : 

You know the proverb, " Princes have long hands/ 

My fame *s my burden, for the more I *m prais'd 

A jufter ground of jealoufy is rais'd : 

Were I lefs fair, I might have been more bleft. 

Great beauty through great danger is poflcft. 

To leave me here, his venture was not hard, 

feecaufe he thought my virtue was my guard : 

He fear'd my face, but truftcd to my life. 

The beauty doubted, but belicv'd the wife. 

* You 

.^ .:*^jl i1 <^g^ TO PARIS. t$ 

rsim^^W-^^^ '^^ii<' I can. 

I wouldy aid y it I doubt 'twixt lo\re and fear; 
One draws me from you, and one brings me near. 
Our flames are mutud, and my hulband 's gone : 
Tbe nights are long ; I fear to lie alone ; 
One houfc co^uains us, and weak walls divide, 
And you 're too preffing to be long deny'd. 
Let me not live, but every thing confpires 
To join our loves, and yet my fear retires. 
Tou court with words, when you ihould force employ ; 
A rape is requifite to ihame-fac'd joy : 
Indulgent to the wrongs which we receive. 
Our icz can fufTer what we dare not give. 
What have 1 faid ! for both of us 't were beft. 
Oar kindling fire if each <^ us fuppreft. 
The faith of ftrangers is too prone to duinge. 
And, like themfelvcs, their wandering paifions range* 
Hypfipyla, and the fond Minoian maid. 
Were both by trufting of their gueft betray'd : 
Fow can I doubt that other men deceive^ 
When you yourfelf did fair Oenone leave ? 
But, left I fliould upbraid your treachery. 
You make a ment of that crime to me. 
You grant you were to faithful love inclin*d» 
Your weary Trojans wait but for a wind. 
Shduld you prevail, while I affign the night, 
Your fails are hoifted, and you take your flight } 
Some bawling mariner our love deftroys, 
j And breaks aflmder our unfiniih'd joys. 


Butl with you may leave the Spartan port. 
To view the Trojan wealth and Priam's court. 
Shown while I fee, I (hall expofe my hmt. 
And fill a foreign country with my ibante« 
In Afia what reception Ihall I find ? 
And what diflionour leave in Greece behind ? 
What will your brothers, Priam, Hecuba, 
And what will all your modcft matrons fay } 
£v'n you, when on this aAion you rcflcd^ 
My future condu6^ juftly may fufpe6l ; 
And wbate*cr (tranger lands upon your coatt. 
Conclude me, by your own example, loft. 
1, from your rage, a ftrumpet's name (hall hour. 
While you forget what part in it you bear : 
You, my crime*s author, will my crime upbraid: 
Deep under ground, oh ! let me firft be laid ! 
You boaTt the pomp and plenty of your ]and» 
And promife all fhall be at my command : 
Your Trojan wealth, believe me, I dcfpife ; 
My own poor native land has dearer tics. 
Should I be injur'd on your Phrygian ftiore. 
What help of kindred could I there implore ? 
Medea was by Jafon's flattery won ; 
1 may, like her, believe and be undone. 
Plain honcft hearts, like mine, rurpc6l: no cheat, 
JVnd love contributes to its own deceit. 
The (hips, about whofe fides loud tempefts roarj 
With gentle winds were wafted from tlie fhore. 
Your teeming mother dreamt a flaming brand, 
Sprung from her womb, confum'd the Trojan land ,* 


Toftcond thitf oM prophecies confpirc, 
Thtt Ilium fliali be barnt with Grecian fire : 
Boil ipvt mt fear, nor it it much alkiy*dy 
That Venus is obliged our loves to aid. 
For they who loft their caufe, revenge will take. 
And for one friend two enemies you make. 
Kor can I doubt but, fhould I follow you, 
The fword would foon our fatal crime ])urfuc : 
A wrong (b great my huAand's rage would rouze^ 
And my relations would his caufc efpoufe. 
You boaft your firength and courage ; but, alns f 
Ycmr vfotds receive fmall credit from your face. 
Let heroes in the dufiy field delight, 
Thofe limbs were fafhion'd for another fight. 
Bid He£kor fally from the walls of Troy ; 
A fweeter quarrel ihould your arms employ. 
Yet fears like thcfe fhould not my mind perplex^ 
Wcse I as wife as many of my fcx : 
But time and you may bolder thoughts infpire; 
And I, perhaps, may yield to your dcfiie. 
You lafl demand a private conference t 
Thcfe arc your words j but 1 can i^uufs your fcnfc. 
Your unripe hopes their harveil mud attend : 
Be rul'd by mc, und Time may be your friend. 
This is enough to let you undcrfland. 
For noNV my pen has tir*d my tender hand i 
31y woman knows tlie fccrct of my hearty 
And may hereafter better news impart. 


[ 66 3 


o F 



"T^ I S not for nothing when juft heaven docs frown 2 
-*• The injur*d Orpheus calls thefe judgments dowzii 
Whod* fpoufe, avoiding to become thy prey. 
And all his joys at once were fnatch'd away ; 
The nymph, fore-doom 'd that fatal way to pafs, 
Spy'd not the ferpent lurking in the grafs : 
A mournful cry the fpacious valley fills, 
With echoing groans from all the neighbouring" hills | 
The Dryades roar out in deep defpair, 
And with united voice bewail the fair. 

For fuch a lofs he fought no vain relief. 
But with his lute indulged the tender grief; 
Along the Ihore he oft' would wildly ftray. 
With doleful notes begin and end the day. 
At length to hell a frightful journey made, 
Pafs'd the wide-gaping gulph and difmal ihade | 
Vifits the ghofts, and to that king repairs 
Whofe heart 's inflexible to human prayers. 
All hell is ravilh'd with fo fweet a fongj 
Light fouls and airy ^irits glide along 


R y\ 

^* li'ilit 


Much he would fain have fpoke : but fate, alai ! 

Would nc*er again confent to let him pafs. 

Thus twice undone, what courie remained to take. 

To gain her back, already pafs'd the lake ? 

What tcars» what patience, could procure him eafe ? 

Or, ah ! what vows the angry powers appeafe ? 

'Tis faid, he Tcven long niuons bewail'd his loft 

To bleak and barren rocks, on whofe cold mofs. 

While languiibing he fung his fatal Jtlame, 

He mov*d ev'n trees* and made fierce tigers tame. 

So the fad nightingale, when childlefs made 
By feme rough fwain who ftole her young away. 

Bewails her lofs beneath a poplar fhade, 
Mourns all the night, in murmurs wades the day; 
Her melting fongs a doleful plcaiiire yield. 
And melancholy mufic fills the field. 

Marriage nor Jove could ever move his mind ; 
But all alone, beat by the northern wind^ 
Shivering on Tanais' banks the bard remained. 
And of the god's unfruitful gift complain'd. 
Circonian dames, enrag'd to be dcfpis'J, 
As they the feall of Bacchus folcmuiz'd. 
Slew the poor youth, and ftrew'd about his jimhs ^ 
Kis head, torn off from the fair body, fwims 
Down that fwift current where the Heber flows^ 
And iUll its tongue in doleful accents goes. 
Ah, poor Eurydice ! he dying cry*d ; 
J.urydicc T«founds from every fide. 


[69 ] 

K in 


/^ F all thofc arts la which the ^fc excel, 
^^ Nature's chief mafter-piece is writing well: 
No writing lifts exalted man fo high. 
As facrcd and foul -moving poefy : 
No kind of work requires fo nice a tou<;h. 
And, if well fini(h'd, nothing fliines fo much^ 
But heaven forbid we Ihould be ib profane, 
To grace the vulgar with that noble name. 
'Tis not a flalh of fancy, which fonwtimcs, 
Dazzling our minds, fcts oS'the flighteft rhymes; 
Blight as a blaze, but in a moment done : 
True wit IS cverlafting, like the fun. 
Which, though furaetimes behind a cloud rctir*d| 
J>reaks out again, and is by all admir'd. 
Numlwr and rhyme, and that harmonious found, 
WbiciJ not the niccft car with harflineii wound, 
Ave neceflary, yet but vulgar arts ; 
And all in vain thcfe fuperficial parta 
. Contribute to :he ftru£lure of the whole, 
Without a genius too ; for that's the foul : 

♦ The " Eflay on Satire," which was written by thii> 
noble author and Mr. Dryden, is printed among the 
r«cms of clic latter. 

F J A fpirit 


A /pirit which infpires the work throughout. 

As that of nature moves the world about ; 

A flame that glows amidft conceptions fit ; 

Ev*n fomething of divine, and more than wit ; 

itfelf unfeen, yet all things by itihown, 

Defcribing all men, but defcrib'd by none. 

Where doft thou dwell ? what caverns of the brain 

Can fuch a vaft and mighty thing contain ? 

When I, at vacant hours, in vain thy abfence mouniy 

Oh ! where doft thou retire ? and why doft thou return^ 

Sometimes with powerful charms to hurry me away. 

From plcafures of the night, and bufincfs of the day ? 

Ev*n now^ too far tranfported, I am fain 

To check thy courfe, and ufe the needful rein. 

As all is dulnefs, when the fancy's bad j 

So, without judgment, fancy is but mad : 

And judgment has aboundlefs influence 

Not only in the choice of words, or fenfe. 

But on the world, on manners, and on men j 

Fancy is but the feather of the pen ; » 

Reafon is that fubftantial ufeful part, 

Which gains the head, while t' other wins the heart. 
Here I fhall all the various forts of verle. 

And the whole art of poetry rehearfe ; 

But who that tafk would after Horace do ? 

The beft of matters, and examples too i 

Echoes at bcft, all we can fay is vain j 

Dull the dcfign, and fruitlcfs were the pain. 

'Tis true, the ancients we may rob with cafe ; 

But who with that mean ilijft liimfelf can plcafe, 



Without an amor's pride ? A player's art 
It above his, vrbo writes a bonx}w*d part. 
Yet modem laws are made for later faults. 
And new abfurdities inlpire new thoughts ; 
What need has fatire then to live on theft. 
When fo much frelh occafion ftill is left ? 
Fertile our foil, and full of ranked weeds. 
And monftcrs worfc than c\'er Nilus breeds. 
But hold, the fools (hall have no caufc to fear ; 
'Tis wit and fenfe that is the fubjeSt here : 
Dcfefts of witty men dcfcrvc a cure, 
And thofe who are fo, will ev'n this endure. 

Firll then, of Songs ; which now fo much abound. 
Without his fong no fop is to be found ; 
A mod oflenfive weapon, which he draws 
On all he meets, againft Apollo's laws. 
Though nothing feems more cafy, yet no part 
Of poetry requires a nicer art ; 
For as in rows of richeft pearl there lies 
Many a blemifhthat efcapes our eyes. 
The Icaft of which defefts is plainlv (hown 
In one fmall nng, an^l brings the value down : 
So fongs fhould be to jull perfeftion wrought j 
Yet where can one be icon without a fault ? 
£xa£l propriety of words and thought ; 
Exprelfion eafy, and the fancy high ; 
Yettliat not fcem to creep, nor this to fly; 
No words tranfpos*d, but in fuch order all, 
Ac wrought with care, yet feem by chance to fall. 

F 4 Here, 



Here, as in all things elfe, is moft unfit, 
Bare ribaldty, that jx)or pretence to wit ; 
Such naufcous fongs by a late author * made^ 
Call an^unwiUing cenfure on his fhade. 
Kot that warm thoughts of the tranfporting joy 
Can (hock the chaftcft, or the niceft cloy ; 
But words obfcene, too grofs to move defirt. 
Like heaps of fuel, only choke the fire. 
On other themes he well deferves our praife t 
But palls that appetite he meant to raife. 

Next, Elegy, of fwcet, but foletnn voice. 
And of a fubjef^ grave, exa^ the choice ; 
Tile pndfe of beauty, valour, wit contains i 
And there too oft* dcfpairing love complsuns S 
In vain, alas ! for who by wit is raov*d } 
That phoenix-flie deferves to be belov'd ; 
But noify nonfenfe, and fuch fops as vex 
Mankind, take moft with that fantaftic (ex. 
This to the praife of thofe who better knew ; 
The many raife tlie value of the few. 
But here (as all our fex too oft* have try'd) 
Women have drawn my wandering thoughts afide. 
Their greateft fault, who in this kind have writ. 
Is not defetl: in words, or want of wit ; 
But fhould this Mufe harmonious numbers yield. 
And every couplet be with fancy fiil'd ; 

* The Earl of Rochcftcr. — It may be obfervcd, how* 
ever, that many of the worfl fongs afcribed to this 
ZLobkmau were fpurious. N« 


If yet a juft coherence be not made 
Between each thought ; and the whole model laid 
'So right, that every line may higher rile, 
I jkc goodk mountains, till they reach the Ikies : 
Such trifles may perhaps of late liave paft, 
And may be lik'd av^-hile, but nc\'crlaft ; 
*Tis epigram, 'tis point, 'tis what you will. 
But -not an elegy, nor writ with Ikill, 
No * Panegyrick, nor a f Cooper's -HilL 

A higher flight, and of a happier furce. 
Arc Odes : the Mules' mod unruly horlc, 
That bounds fo fierce, the rider has no reft, 
Here foams at mouth, and mo\*es like one pofTcfV*^. 
The poet here muft be indeed infpir'd. 
With fury too, as wxll as fancy fir'd. 
Cowley might boaft to have perfonn'd this part. 
Had he with nature join'd the rules of art ; 
Bur fomctimes di£tion mean, orvcrle ill-wrougiit, 
Dcudcns, or clouds, his noble frame of thought, 
Tliough all appear in heat and fury done, 
The lan^ruage ftill muft foft and eafy run. 
Thcfe laws may found a little too fevcre ; 
But judgment yields, and fancy go\'em8 here, 
\V'hich, though extravagant, this Mule allows. 
And makes the work much eafier than it fliows* 

Of all the ways that wifeft men could find 
To mend the ar;c, and mortify mankind, 
Satire well -writ has moft fuccefsful prov'd. 
And cures, bccaufc the remedy is lov'd. 

'^ Waller's. f DcnUra's. 



*Tis hard to write on fuch a fubjeft more. 
Without repeating things faid oft' before : 
Some vulgar errors only we '11 remove. 
That ftain a beauty which we fo much Jove. 
Of chofen words fome take not care enough^ 
And think they ihould be as the fubjef^ rough s 
This poem muft be more cxaftly made. 
And (harpeft thoughts in finootheft words convey 'd* 
Some think, if (harp enough, they cannot fail. 
As if their only bufinef*! was to rail : 
But human frailty nicely to unfold, 
Diftinguifhes a fatyr from a fcold. 
Rage- you muft hide, and prejudice lay downt 
A fatyr *s fmiie is (harper than his frown i 
So while you feem to (light fome rival youth. 
Malice itfelf may pafs fometimes for truth. 
The Laureat ^ here may juftly claim our praiie, 
Crown'd by Mack-Fleckno f with immortal bays ; 
Yet once his Pegafus J has borne dead weight, 
Rid by fome lumpifli miniftcr of ftate. 

Here reft, my Mufe, fufpend thy cares awhile, 
A more important talk attends thy toil. 
As fome young eagle, that defigr.s to fly 
A long unwonted journey through the Iky, 
Weighs all the dangerous entcrprize before, 
0'er what wide lands and fcas (he is to foar, 

* Mr. Drydcn. 

t A famous fatirical Poem of his. 

J A poem call'd The Hind and Panther. 


Doobtf her own flmgth Co far, and juftly fears 
The lofty road of aiiy travellers j 
But yet incited by fome bold dcfign, 
That does her hopes beyond her fears incline. 
Prunes every feather, views her/elf with care. 
At laft, refolv'd, flie cleaves the yielding air $ 
Away flic flies, fo ftrong, fo high, fo faft. 
She leflens to us, and is lofl at lafl : 
So (though too weak for fuch a weighty thing) 
The Mufe infpircs a fliarper note to fing. 
And why fliould truth oflcnd, when only toW 
To guide the ignorant, and warn the bold ? 
On then, my Mufe, adventuroufly engage ' 
To give inllru£lion8 that concern the Stage. 

The unities of a6Hon, time, and place. 
Which, if obferv'd, give plays fo great a grace. 
Are, though but little pra£lis'd, too well known 
To be taught here, where we pretend alone 
From nicer faults to purge the prefent age, 
Lcfs obvious errors of the Englifli ftage. 

Firftthen, Soliloquies had need be few. 
Extremely fliort, and fpoke in paflion too. 
Our lovers talking to themfclves, for want 
Of others, make the pit their confidant j 
Nor is the matter mended yet, if thus 
They truft a friend, only to tell it us 1 
Th' occafion fliould as naturally fall. 
As when Bellario ^ confcfles all. 

♦ In Philafler, a play of Beaumont and Fletcher. 

3 Figures 


VI\;uic8 of I'pccch, whicli \v^ts think fo fine, 
(Alt's nccdleti VArnifli to make nature ihinc) 
All arc but paint uixm a beauteous face. 
And in Jcicriptions only claim a place : 
But, to uviKc ru>ri; declaim, and grief difcourfe^ 
From lovci's iu dei'^ir fiue things to force, 
JMull needs luccecd ; f()r who can chufe but pity 
A dviinj hero, miferably witty ? 
But oh! the Dialogues, whei-c juft and mock 
Is lu-ld up like a reft at Ihittlc-cock ; 
Di elll', like bells, eternally they chime, 
1'hey ligh in Simile, and die in Rhyme. 
W h;it things arc thefc who would be poets thought. 
By natun: not inlpirM, nor learning taught r 
Some wit they liave, and therefore may dclcn'c 
A better courfc than thi$» by which they ftarvc : 
But to write plajs ! why, *tis a lx>ld pi^icnce 
To judi'.mcut, breeding, wit, and cliKjuence : 
]Nav more ; for they nmft look within, to find 
Tlw>le U'crct turns of nature in the r.iind : 
Without this piut, in vain would be the whole. 
And but ;i b<^dy all, without a foul. 
jAlII this united yet, but niiikes a part 
Ot Dialoi^ue, tliat u;rc'ac and jH>\vcrful ait, 
t<ow aUnoil lott, which the c^Ul Grecians knew, 
Frv>n\ whom tiie Romans fainter copies drew. 
Scarce ^.omprch.ended fince, but by atc\v, 
riato and Luciaii aix' tiic ■■»cft lerrain* 
Ox ill the wondeis w liich this iit contains j 




Yet to ourfelves we juftice muft allow, 
Shakcfpearc and Fletcher are the wonders now : 
Confider them, and read them o'er and o*er^ 
Go (ee them play'd ; then read theqi as before^; 
For though in many things they grofely fail^ 
Over our palTions fliU they Co prevail » 
"That our own grief by theirs is rock'd aileep; 
The dull are forced to feel, the wife to weep. 
Their beauties imitate, avoid their faults ; 
Firft, on a plot employ thy careful thoughts ; 
Turn it, with time, a thoufand fcveral waysj 
This oft*, alone, has given fuccefs to plays, 
Rejeft that vulgar error (which appears 
So fair) of makmg perfed charaders ; 
There 's no fuch thing in nature, and you '11 draw 
A faulriefs monfter which the world ne*er faw. 
Some faults muft t>e, that his misfortunes drew. 
But fuch as may deferve compalTion too. 
Bciides the main defign composed with art. 
Each moving fcene muft be a plot apart ; 
Contrive each little turn, mark every place. 
As painters firft chalk out the future face : 
Yet be not fondly your own Have for this. 
But change hereafter what appears amifs. 

Think not fo much where (hining thoughts toplace^ 
As what a man would fay in fuch a caie :, 
Neither in comedy will this fufBce, 
The player too muft be before your eyes 1 
And, though 'tis drudgery to ftoop fo low. 
To kim you muft your fecret meaning ihow. 

1 £xp^ 

Bzpdfe Dofiog^fisp, bat laf the losfl 
More equally, mA ^rtfn^ ttie iblly Hraid t 
MerecozccHiiWaMtoeeimoiisi ef^iielbi ' 
AfooldcriMlby-«tlMdi*-li*f- -: .•'(-;' 
Hawks fly at-Mdblcrfimes iadik toM^fM)V' ' 
A very owl may pnMr»«lvfd ti pngF''. ^'"'^ ' "i ^ 
Small poet* thai ifrill Me poMrfcp.tlMMrpr 



1.. . 2i;v> 




But to colle^-likiteet, fiom cni^ikMNfv 
Ingredients to ccwppofe tnat pfeciaiit- jwbsy ^ ' ' 
Which ienrct difr^ral^ld for^csiiiie lUi'lblrlift.' 
Inipiteof feftioa this wowld fa vow f<y ' ' ' • 
But Falftaff * Agtt4» inhnitahle yd:* - 1^ ^^- 

Another fault 4vluiA often maybdUIJ ■' 
Is, when the wit of feme great poet Aiil- 
80 ov«flow, that iir ba none at all f - 
That ar*n his fools fpedc icafe, as-'if peicll^ 
And ea<jh hy ia^iniioo breaki Ms fdL '•' '- 
If once the juftneft of each part be loA;' 
Well may we hiugh, bift at the poet's coft. 
That filly thing men call iheer-wit avoid. 
With which our age fo naufeoQily is cloy'd t 
Humour is all \ wit fliould be only brought 
To turn agreeably fome proper thought. 

But fince the poets we of late have known^ 
Shine in no drefs ib much as in their own. 
The better by example to convince, 
Caft but a view on this wrong fide of itt&^ 

• The matchlcfs chamber of ShBkd[pea». 

TidU ■ lolUo^jr it calmly made, 
M^KTB every lolbn is tJoSdj weigh'd $ 
Which once perfbrai'd, moft opporttmely comet 
Some hero friglited at the noife of drums ; 
For her fweet iakc, whom at firft fight he Joves, 
And all in metaf^ior bis paffion proves : 
But fome (ad accident, though yet unknown. 
Parting this pair, to leave the fivain alone ; 
He firait grows jealous, though we know not why | 
Then, to oblige his nval, needs will die : 
But firft he makes a fpecch, wherein he telh 
The ab(ent nymph how much his flame excels i 
And yet bequeaths her generoudy now, 
To that lov*d 11^*81 whom he doci not know ! 
Who firait appears ; Dut who can fate withiland } 
Too late, alas ! to hold his haily hand. 
That juft has given himfcif the cruel (broke I 
At which his very rival's heart is broke : 
He, more to his new friend than midrefs kind, 
MoA fadly mourns at being left behind. 
Of fuch a death prefers the pleafing charms 
To love, and living in a ladyS arms. 
What ihamcfui and what mon(h-ous things are tlie(e I 
And then they rail at tbo(e they cannot plcafe $ 
Conclude us only partial to the dead. 
And grudge the fign of old Ben Jonfon's head | 
IVhen the intrinfic value of the ftage 
Can fcarce be judg'd but by a following age t 
For dances, flutes, Italian Tongs, and rhyme^ 
e^ay keep up finking noulcAic fur a tinve i 

But that muft fail, which now (b much o*er-rulcs^ 
And fcnfe no longer will fubmit to fools. 

By painful fteps at laft we labonr up 
Famaffus' hill, on whofe bright airy top 
The E^iick poets fo diioncly (how, 
And with juft pride behold the reft below. 
Heroic poems have a juft pretence 
To be the utmoft (hetch of humm ienlc i 
A work of fuch iiieRimable worth, 
There arc but two the world has yet brought forth ! 
Homer and Virgil ! with what (acred awe, 
Do thole mere (bunds the world *s attention draw I 
Juft as a changeling (eem^ below the left 
Of men» or rather is a t'A-o-lcgg'd btaft i 
So thefe gigantic fouls amaz'd we find 
As much above the reft of human kind f 
Nature's whoTe (brcngth united f endlefs famc^ 
And univcrfal (houts attend thf-'r name ! 
Read Homer once, you c:«n i^ad nomore. 
For all books die appear fo \ :< an, (b poor, 
Verfc will Iccm yrofej but fi .1 pcrfift to rcad^ 
And Homer v.ill be all the books you need. 
Had Koflfu never writ, the world had ftiU, 
Like Indians, viewed this wondrous piece of (kill; 
As fomcthing of divine the xv-ork admir'd 5 
Not hopVlto be in(liu£led, but infpir'd : 
But he, difcloiing facrcd myfleries. 
Has Ihtwn where all the mighty magic lies ; 
Dtlcrib'd the (ccds, and m what order fown^ 

Sun (torn feme ugel he die iecret knew, 
Who through thb labyrinth has lent the clue. 

But M^iaty alas ! avails it poor mankind^ 
To fee this promis'd land, yet fiay behind ? 
The way is ihewn» but who has ftrength to go ? 
Who can all fcicnces profoundly know > 
Whole fancy flies beyond weak Reafon's fight. 
And yet has judgment to dire£l it right ? 
Whofe juft difcernment, Virgil- like, is {\id\ 
l*{ever to (ay too little or too much ? 
htt fuch a man begin without delay ; 
l^ut he muft do beyond what I can (ay ; 
Mull above Taflb's lofty dights pre^-ail. 
Succeed where Spenfer, and ev'n Milton fail. 


•'T' I S (aid, that favourite, mankind, 

-^ Was nude the lord of all below ; 
But yet the doubtful are concern'd to find, 
'Tu only one man tells another fo. 

And, for this great dominion here. 

Which over other bcafls we claim, 
Rcafbn our beft credential does appear. 

By which indeed we domineer. 
But how abfurdly, we may fee with ihamc. 

G Rca(ba, 

ftft BUCKINbHAM'S :Pt)BM&. 

Reafon, that {biemn trifle I light at air^ 
Driven up. and dawn by cenfure orapplauiei 

By partial love away 'tis blown. 
Or the kaft prejudice can weigh it down i 
^lus our high privilege becomes our fnare. 

In any nice and weighty caule, 
How weaki at beft, is Reafbn ! yet the grave 
Impofe on diat fmall judgment which we have. 

In all thofe wits, whofe names have fpread fo wide, ' 
And cv'n the force of time dcfy'd. 
Some failings- yet may be defcry'd, 
Among the reft, with wonder be it told. 
That Brutus is admir*d for Cacfar's death ; 
By which he yet furvives in Fame's immortal breath* 
Brutus, cv*n he, of all the reft, 
In wl)om we ihould that deed the mod deteft. 
Is of mankind efteem'd the beft. 
As fiiovv defcending from feme lofty hill, 
Is by its rolling courfe augmenting ftill. 
So from illuftrious authors down have roll'd 
Thofe great encomiums he received of old : 
Republic orators will fhew efteem, 
And gild their eloquence with praife of him : 
But Ti-uth, unveil'd, like a bright fun appears. 
To fhine away this heap of feventeen hundred years^ 

In vain 'tis urg'd by an illuftrious wit, 
(To whom in all befidcs I willingly fubmit) 

5 That 


That Caefar's life no pity could defcrve 

From one who kilPd himfelf, rather than fervc. 

Had Brutus chofe rather himfelf to (lay. 

Than any mailer to obey, 
Happy for»Rome had been that noble pride ; 
The world had then remained in peace, and only Brut«i 
For he, whofe foul difdains to own 
Sub}c6lion to a tyrant*s frown, 
. And his own life would rather end. 
Would fare much rather kill himfelf, than only hurt 
his friend. 
To his own fword in the Philippian field 

Brutus indeed at lad did yield : 
But in tliofe times felf-killing was not rare. 
And his proceeded only from defpair : 

He might have chofen clic to live. 
In hopes another Caefar would forgive; 
Then, for the good of Rome, he could once more 
Confpire againft a life which had fpar'd his before. 

Our country challenges our utmoft care. 
And in our thoughts deferves the tendered ihare ; 
Her to a thoufand friends we fhould prefer. 
Yet not betray them, though it be for her. 
Hard is his heart, whom no defert can movCf 

A miftrefs or a friend to love. 
Above whatever he does befides enjoy ; 
But may he, for their lakes, his fire or fons deftroy ! 

G 2 For 

But 'tis not furcly of fo fair renown 
To fpill another's blood, as to expofe our owi 
OF all tliat's ours we cannot give too much 
But wliat belongs to friendfliip, oh! 'tis£icrileg 
Can we fland by unmov'd, and fee 
Our mother robb'd and ravifli'd ? Can wc be 

Excus'd, if in her caufe we never ftir, 
Pleas'd with the fbrcngth and beauty of the ra' 
Thus iings our bard with heat alxnoft divint 
'Tis pity that his thought was not as ftrong m 
Would it more juilly did the cafe exprefs. 
Or that its beauty and its grace were Icfs, 
(Thus a nymph (bmetimes we fee. 
Who fo charming fecms to be, 
Tliat, jealous of a foft furprize. 
We fcarce durft truft our eager eyes) 

<knrh a fallarirmc nrnVtiifVi tt\ *»(ran^- 


Loud was the Hymcnean long ; 
The violated dame * walk'd ftnilingly along, 
And in the midfl of the moft facred dance. 

As if enamour'd of his fight, 
Often fhe caft a kind admiripg glance 
On the bold ilruggler for delight ; 
Who afterwards appeared fo moderate and cool. 
As if for public good alone he fo defir'd to rule, 
But, oh ^ that this were all which we can urge 
Again ft a Roman of fo great a foul ! 
And that fair tr<ith permitncd us to purge 

His hGtf of what appears fo foul ! 
Fricndftiip, that facred and fublimeft thing ! 
The noblcft quality, and chicfcft good, 
(In this dull age fcarce underftood) 
Infpires us with unufual warmth her injur'd rites to fing. " 
AfTift, ye angels ! whofe immortal blifs, 
Though more nifin'd, chiefly confifts in this. 
How plainly your bright thoughts to one another fhine ! 
Oh ! how ye all agree in harmony divine ! 
The race of mutual love with equal zeal ye run, 
Acourfe, as far from any end, as when at firft begun. 

Ye faw, and fmil'd upon this matchlefs pair, 
Who ftill betwixt them did (b many virtues (hare. 
Some which belong to peace, and fome to ftrife, 
Thofe of a calm, and of an a6Uve life, 

* Rome. 

G J That 


That all the excellence of huiDaa-kind 
Concurr*d to make of bodi bnt one nmted nuody 

Which Friehdihip did fo faft and clofily bmdt 
Kot the leaft cement could appear by triuch thtir fenb 
were join'd. 

That tye which holds our mortal (hmtp 
Which {)0or unknowing we a ibul and body B«Mf 

Seems not a compofition more dWiiiey 
Or more abfirufe, than all that does in fiiendihip fliiiie* 


From mighty Cxfar and his boundlefi grace. 
Though BrutuSy once at leaft, his life reoeiv*d|. : 
Such obligations, though fo hi^ beliov'd. 

Are yet bnt (light in fuch a cafe, ' 

Where ^endihip fo pofidfea'all the place» 
There is no room for gratitude i fince he. 
Who £o obliges, is more pleas'd than his fiiv'd fiaa^ 
can be. 
J u ft in the midft of all this noble heat. 
Mobile their great hearts did both fo kindly beat. 
That it amaz'd the lookers-on. 
And fort*d them to fufpeft a father and a fbn * ; 
(Thoui^h here ev'n Nature's felf ftill fcem*d to be out- 
From fuch a friendfhip unprovokM to fill 
Is horrid, yet I wifh that fa6t were all 
Which does with too much caufc Ungrateful Brutus call. 

* Caefar wa^ fuf^dled to have begotten Brutus. 


Jm cttdMhlobd he- laid a loag defign 
Againft his bcil and deareil friend ; 
Did ey*n his foes in zeal exceed. 
To fpirit others up to work {o black a deed ; 
Himfelf the centre where they all did join. 
Csfar, mean time, fearlefs, and fond of him^ 

Was as induflrious all the while 
To give fuch ample marks of fond efteem. 
As made the gravcfl Romans fmile 
To fee with how much eafc love can the wife beguile.. 
He, whom thus Brutus doom'd to bleed. 
Did, letting his own race afide, 
Nothing lefs for him provide, ^ 
Than in the world's great empire to fucceed : 
Which we arc bound in juftice to allow. 
Is aJJ-fufficient proof to fhow. 
That Brutus did not (brike for his own fake : 
Aod if, alas ! he fail'd, 'twas only by milUke- 


[ 8« 3 

M I S C E L L AN I E S. 

T H JE R A P T U R £• 

T YIELD, I yiddy and can no longer ftay 
^ My eager thoughu, that force tlieiniel?et iw«f. 
Sure none infpir'd (whofeheat treniports tliemfiiU 
Above their realbn, and heyond their will) 
Can firm againft the fbx>ng impulfe reaiain ) 
Ccnfure itielf were not {o iharp a pain. 
Let vulgar minds fubmit to vulgar iway i 
What Ignorance fhall think, or Malice &jp 
To me are trifles i if the knowing few. 
Who can fee faults, hut ^n fee beauties toov 
Applaud tliat genius which therofelves partske. 
And fpare the Poet for the Muie*s fake. 

The Mufc, who raifes mc from humbl! ground^ 
To view the vaft and various world around : 
How fall I mount ! in what a wondrous way» 
I grow tranfported to this large furvey ! 
I value earth no more, and far below 
Metliinks I ice the bufy pigmies go. 
My foul entranc'd is in a rapture brought 
Above the common tracks of vulgar thought : 
With fancy wing'd, I feel the purer air. 
And with conxtm^\.\s»V^ ^oi^it wv W^saan care. 


Aiiy Ambition^ ever foaring high, 
Stands firft ezpot'd 10 my cenforiout eye* 
Behold fome toiling up a ilippery hill. 
Where, though arrivM, they muft be toiling ftill: 
Some, with unftcady feet, juft fallen to ground, 
Others at top, whofe heads arc turning round. 
To this high fphcre it happens ilill tliat fbme. 
The mofl unfit, arc forwarded to come ; 
Yet among thcfc are princes forc'd to chufc. 
Or feek out fuch as would perhaps rcfufc. 
Favour too great is fafcly plac'd on none. 
And foon becomes a dragon or a drone; 
Kitlier rcmifs and negligent of all. 
Or elfc imperious and tyrannical. 

The Mufe infpircs me now to look againy 
And fee a meaner fort of fordid men 
Doating on little heaps of yellow dull ; 
For that dcfpiftng honour, cafe, and luft. 
I.ct other bards, exprefling how it fliines, 
Dcfcril>e with envy what the mifcr finds 5 
Only as heaps of dirt it fccms to me. 
Where wc fuch dcfpicable vermin fee. 
Who creep through filth a thoufand crooked ways, 
Infenfible of infamy or praife : 
Loaded with guilt, they ftill purfue their courfe. 
Not cv'n rcftrain*d by love or fricndfliip's force. 

Not to enlarge on fuch an obvious thought, 
Behold their folly, which tranfcends their fault f 
Alas ! their cares and cautions only tend 
I'o gain the means, and then to lolc iIm: cuCl, 


Like heroes in romances^ ftill in fig^ 

For miftreflet diat yield diem no deljg|brt» 

This, of all vice» does moll debafe die miad^ 

Gold it idelftih^ allay to hnman-ldndL ' ' ^, 

Oh, happy tbnet T i^rben no (bch diing lir c6fli 

E'er tempted fiiendi to part» or foes tor {da: ! 

Cattle or coroy among ^o(e harmlefi men* 

Wat all their wealth, the gold and filver^thea : 

Com was too bulky to corrupt a tribe. 

And bellowing hei^s would have betray'd the bribe* ^ 

Ev^n traffick now is intercourfe of ill. 
And every wind brings a new mUchief Bill ; 
By trade we flouriOi in our leaves and BruiCy 
But avarice and excefs devour the r66t» 

Thus fEir the Mufe unwillingly hat been 
Fix'd on the dull, lefs happy forts of fin s 
But now, more pleas*d, (he views the different wayi' 
* Of luxury, and all its charms furveys. 
Dear luxury ! thou foft, but fure deceit ! 
Rife of the mean, and ruin of the great ! 
Tliou fure prefage of ill -approaching fates. 
The bane of empires, and the change of flates ! 
Armies in "V'ain refill thy mighty poyer j 
Not the word condudl: would confound them more. 
Thus Rome herfelf, while o*er the world fhe flew. 
And did by virtue all that world fubdue, 
Was by her own viftorious arms opprefs'd. 
And catchM infe6lion from the conquerM Eaft ; 
Whence aW tVvofe \\cfc"& casa&^'which foon devour 
The beft iouada-uoxi.^ ol wanwa. ^s^a. ^>«tx^ 


But oh ! what Mced have we abroad to roaniy 
Who feel too much the iad eScSts at home. 
Of wild excefs ? which we Co plainly find 
Decays the body, and impairs the mind. 
But yet grave fops muil not prefume from hence 
To flight the facred pleafures of tiie fenfe : 
Our appetites arc Nature's laws, aiid given 
Under the broad autlicntic fcal of heaven. 
Let pedants wrangle, and let bigots fight. 
To put refhaint on innocent delight, 
But heaven and nature 's always in the right ; 
They would not draw poor wretched mortals in. 
Or give defircs that ihali be doom'd for fin. 
Yet, that in height of harmlefs joy we may 
Lafl to old age, and never lofe a day ; 
Amidfk our pleafures we ourfelves fhould fpare. 
And manage all with temperance and care. 
The gods forbid but we fometimes may fieep 
Our joys in wine, and lull our cares afleep : 
It raifes nature, ripens feeds of worth, 
As moiflcning pi6turcs calls the colours forth ; 
But if the varniih we too oft' apply, 
Alas ! like colours, we grow faint and die. 
Hold, hold, impetuous Mufc : 1 would reflrain, 
Her over-eager lieat, but all in vain ; 
Abandon'd to delightst fhe longs to rove; 
I check'd her here, and now fhe flics to love ; 
Slicws me fome rural nymph, by Ihepherd chac'd^ 
Soon overcakeni and as foon embraced : 






The grafs by her, as (he by him is prefs'd ; 
For (hame, my Mufe, let fancy guefs the reft t 
At fuch a point fancy can never ftay, » 
But flics beyond whatever you can fay. 
Behold the filent (hades, the amorous gmwc. 
The dear delights, the very a6t of love. 
This is his loweft fphere, his country fceney 
Where love is humble, and his fare but mean ; 
Yet fpringing up without the help of art, 
leaves a finccrer relifh in the heart. 
More healthfully, though notfo finely fed. 
And better thrives than where more nicely bred. 
But 'tis in courts where moft he makes a ihow. 
And, high enthroned, governs the world below j 
For though tn hiftories learn'd ignorance 
Attributes all to cunning or to chance. 
Love will in thofe difguiies often fmile. 
And knows the caufe was kindnefs all the while. 
What ftor}', place, or perfon, cannot prove 
The boundiers influence of mighty love ? 
Where-e'er the fun can vigorous heat infpire. 
Both fexes glow, and languifli with delire. 
The weary*d fvvain, faft in the arms of ilecp, 
Love can awake, and often fighing keep ; 
And bufy gown-men, by fond love difguis'd. 
Will leifure find to make themfelves defpis'd. 
The proudeft kings fubmit to beauty's fway ; 
Beauty itfclf, a greater prince than they. 
Lies fometimes lai\2,ui(hing with all its pride 


I mean to flight die ibh enchanting charm , 
But 9 oh ! my, head and heart are both too warm. 
I doat on woman-kind with all their faults, 
tove turns my fatire into foftcft thoughts ; 
Of all that paiHon which our peace deftroys 
Inftead of mifchiefs, I defcribe the joys. 
But ftiort will be his reign* (I fear too fhort) 
And prefent cares ihall be my future fport. 
Then love's bright torch put out, his arrows broke, 
Loofe from kind chains, and frr^m th' engaging yoke. 
To s^l fond thoughts I '11 fing fuch counter-charms. 
The fair ihall liften in their lovers arms. 

Now the enthuiiaftic fit is fpent, 
I feel my weaknefs, and too late repent. 
As they who walk in dreams oft' climb too high 
For fen& to follow widi a waking eye ; 
And in fuch wild attempts are blindly bold. 
Which afterwards they tremble to behold : 
So I review thefe (allies of my pen. 
And modeft reafbn is ren^m'd airain ; 
^ly confidence I curie, my f^.tc accufe. 
Scarce hold from cenfuring the iacred Mufe. 

No wretched poet of the railing pit, 
No critic curs'd with the wrong fide of wit. 
Is more fe\-crc from ignorance and fpitc. 
Than I with judgment againft all 1 \%rite. 


E 94 ] 

O N 


Q U C H is the mode of thefc cenibrious days, 
*^ The art is loft of knowing how to pndie j 
Poets arc envious now, and fools alone 
Admire at wit, becaufe therafelves have none* 
Yet whatfoe»er is by vain critics thought, , 

Praifing is harder much than finding fault ; 
In homely pieces ev'n the Dutch excels 
Italians only can draw beauty well. 

As ftringSy alike wound up, fo equal prove> 
That one rcfounding makes the other move i 
From iuch a cauic our fatires pleale fo much. 
We lympathizc witli each ill-natur*d touch i 
And as the (harp infedl:ion fpreads about. 
The reader's malice helps the writer out. 
To blame, is eafy ; to commend, is bold ; 
Yet, if the Mule infpires it, who can hold ? 
To mciit \vc are bound to give applaufc. 
Content to luftcr in ib juft a caufe. 

While in dark ignorance we lay afraid 
Of fancie., ghofls, and every empty fliade; 
Great Hobbes appcar'd, and by plain rcafon's light 
Put Iuch fantafric forms to fliameful flight. 
Fond is t\\e\r ^c^v, who think men needs muft be 
To vice eu^lav'OL, li i\QmN'i\^xt\.\Q.\'5»l\v:.^\ 

ON MIL misiss, and ms writings. 95 

The m& and good, morality will guide. 
And fupeiftitioa all the world befide. 

In other authors, though the thought be good, 
'Tis not fometimes ib eafily underftood ; 
That jewel oft' unpolifh'd has remained ; 
Some words (hould be left out, and fome explained ; 
So that, in fcarch of fenfe, we either flray. 
Or elfe grow weary in lb rough a way. 
But here Cweet eloquence does always fmiley 
In fuch a choice, yet unaffcfled ftylc. 
As muft both knowledge and delight impart 
The force of rcafon, with the flowers of art ; 
Clear as a beautiful tranfparcnt (kin, 
Which never hides the blood, yet holds it in : ■ 
Like a delicious dream it ever ran. 
As fmooth as woman, but as fbrong as man. ^ 

Bacon himfelf, whoie univerfal wit 
Docs admiration tiirough the world beget. 
Scarce more his age's ornament is thought. 
Or greater credit to his country brought. 

While fame is young, too weak to ily away. 
Malice purines her, like fome bird of prey ; 
But once on wing, then all the quarrels ccafe j 
Envy herfcif is :;^lad to be at peace. 
Gives over, weary 'd vith I^'j hi.t,h a flight. 
Above her reach, and fc.;.- e within her fight. 
Hobbes, to this happy pitch arriv'd at laft, 
Might have look'd down with pride on dangers pad : 
But fuch the frailty is of human-kind. 
Men toil for fame, which no man Vwc^ to ^m^ \ 


Long ripenitjg updtr-grouod this China lies } 
Fam^ he^n no fruit, till the vain plamer dies. 

Thus narur&j tir'd with tu« unufual length 
Of life, which put her to her ucmoft flreagth. 
Such flock of wit unable to ftipply, 
Ta iparc herielf, was glad to la him dk. 


TT ERE lives a man, who, by felation, 
•^■'^ Depends upon predeftinatioo j 
por which the karncd and the wife 
His uadefilandmg much dtrfplfc : 
But 1 pronounce with loyal tongue 
Him in the right, them in the wrong. 
For how could fuch a tvretck fuccecd } 
But that, alas, it was decreed \ 

THE MIRACL E, ijoj. 

MERIT they hate, and wit they itig^} 
They neither ad:, nor reafon right. 
And nothing mind but 'pence. 
Unfltilful they Ti^brious arc, 
Condu£t a kingdom without care» 
A council without fenfe. 



t H E M 1 k A Ci t E, %i 

So Mofes once, and Jofhua, 
And that virago Debora, 

Beftrid poor Ifrael : 
^ Like reverence pay to thfcfe ! for who 
Could ride a nation as they do. 

Without a miracle ? 



GOOD angels fnatch'd him eagerly on high ; 
Joyful they flew, iinging and foaring through the 
Teaching his new-fledg*d foul to fly; 
While we, alas ! lamenting lie. 
He went muiing alt along, 
Compofing new their heavenly fong. 
A while his ikilful notes loud hallelujahs drown'd ; 
But foon they ceas'd their own, to catch his pleafmg 
David himfelf improved the harmony, 
David in facred (lory fo renown 'd 
No Icfs for mulic, than for poetry ! 
Genius fuhlime in either art! 
Crown'd with applaufe furpafling all defcrt ! 
A xnan juft after God^s own heart ! 

H If 


Jf humatt cares ai^ lawful to the bl«it. 
Already ii^ttU'd in ctertial rtil ; 
Needs inutt he wiihthat Purccll onW miglu 
Have Uv'd to iet %vhat he vouchJ'af'd to vvnie j 
For, fure, the noble thirft of fame 
With the fmil body never dies j 
Eut v^ith the foul afcends the fkies 

FiT»m whence at firft it came. 
'TLi furc no little pruof wi have 
That part of us fiirvives tl,^ grave. 
And in our fame below ftill bears a fliare t 
Why is the future fI^ fn n; our care, 
Jllv^n m our lati ; (pair I 

And dc;ith deff —n^ all the wife and bra?€? 

Oh, all yi n ms choir \ 

Who power ah :, and only that adrairtl 

Look down wi„ .. r peacful bower. 

On this fau M^M^ perp!ex*u. 
And ever, ever vcx'd 
With anxious care of rnfles, wealth and power. 
In our rough mmds due rt^verence infufc 
For fwcet melodious founds, and tach harmonious MtiS. 

Mutle exalts man's nature, and infpircs 
HiAi clcvattd thoughts, ^r gentle, kind defijrea- 



. t ^9 ] 
OntheLors of an ea^Soat Robsrt Maiquls 


U R morning's gay and (hining $ 
The days our joys declare ; 
At evening no repining ; 
And night 's all void. of care. 

A fond tranfported mother 

Was often heard to cry, . 
Oh, where is fuch an other 

So blefs'd by heaven as I ? 

A child at firfi was wanting.; 

Now fuch a ion is fent, 
As parents moft lamenting 

In him would find content. 

A child of whom kind heaven 

Not only hope beftows, 
But has already given 

Him all our hopes propofc. 

The happy fire*s polTefling 

Kis ihare in fuch a boy, 
Adds dill a greater blcifing 

To all my other joy. 

But ah ! this fliiny weather 

Became too hot at laft ; 
Black cfouds began to gather, 
■ And all the (ky oepcaft. 

H 2 Si 

8e fieioe a fcfcr nget, 

Wk ia lie dmm'd in na* I 
And difnuil (ad ^nkgm 

Come tbuAdciing ift our tan. 

The donbcfl that made «• lasgviili. 

Did worfe, far woHe than kilL 
Yft, oh, with all their inguiib, ' 

Would we had doubted ftiU I 

But why To much digreffioUf 

This fatal loft to ihow I 
Alat, there 't no exp^reffion 

Can tell a parent*! woe ! 


V|7 I T H age decay'd, with courts and bofineft tir'^ 
^^ Caring for nothing but what eaft requir'd. 
Too fcriout now a wanton Mufc to court. 
And from the critics fafc arriv'd in port t 
I lUtlc thought of launching forth again, 
Amidft adventurous rovers of the pen; 
Andy after feme fmall undefcrvM fucccfs. 
Thus hazarding at laft to make it leis. 

Encomiums fuit not this cenfbrious time, 
Ilfclf a fubjc£l for fatiric rhyme ; 
Ignorance honoured, wit and worth defam*df 
f oUy ui\un^VQ&x> and cv*a Homer blam'd. 


ON VBk. fOPEi AND HIS P0£M8. loi' 
ftot to this geniui, join'd with (6 much art. 
Such various IcBiaii^g mix*d in every ptit» 
Poets arc bound a loud applaufe to pay { 
Apollo bids iCy and they muft obey. 

And yet fu wondrous, Co fublime a thing, 
As the great Iliad, fcarce could make mc fingt 
Except I juftly could at once commend 
A good companion, and as firm a friend. 
One moral, or a mere well-naturM deed, 
Can all defcrt in fcicncet exceed. 

'Tis great delight to hugh at<lbmc mens wayi i 
But a much greater to give merit praife. 


"fTT Hcnc'cr my foollih bent to public good, 
^^ Or fonder zeal forfouje mifguldcd princr, 
Shall make my dangerous liumour undciilooJ, 
For changing minit^ers for men of fcnfc : 

When, vainly proud to (licw my public cure, 
And ev'n aOiam'd to fee thrct iintions fbgl'di 

I (hall no lunger bear a wretched fh.iic 
In ruling ill, or being over-rul'd t 

Then, as old lechers in a winter';; titght 
To yawning hi-::rcrs all tl cir prank k dlcloic ; 

And what decay di-privcs them of d^'Iight, 
Supply with vain endeavours to imped* : 

Juft fo ihall I as idly ^ntertaiii 

Some ibripUng patriots, fond of (eeimng vn& ; 
Tell, howl ftill could great emptoyroenii gain. 

Without concealing tnitfat, or whi%eriiig liet f 

Boaft of fucceeding in mj cquntty's canie 
£v*n a^nft fboae alsnoft too hi£^ to blame I ie 

Whomy when advanced beyond the reach of Iswrt^ 
I oft' had ridioil'd to fenie and ihaine : 

Say, I refifted the moft potent fraud'} * ' .■ ^• 

But friendlefi merit openly a[^xroT*d i 
And that I was above the being aw'd . i,' 

Not only by my prince^ but thole be lor'd : 

Who knows but my jcxample then nay plcaie 

Such nobIe» hopeful ipirits as appear 
Willing to flight dieirplcafures and their cafe, ~ ^'f] 

For fame and honour ? till at laft they hear^ 

After much trouble borne, and dai^r run. 
The crown aiTifted, and my country ferv'd ; 

Without good fortune I had been undone. 
Without a good eflate I might have flarv*d. 


C '03 3 - 


A Famous aflembly was fummon'd of late : 
"^^ To crown a new Laureat, came Phoebus in ftats. 
With all that Montfaucon himfclf could dcfin*, 
His bowy laurel, harp, and abundance of fire. 

At Bartlcmew-fair ne'er did bullies fo juftk. 
No country -ele£^ion e'er made fuch abuftic : 
From garret. Mini, tavern, they all poft away. 
Some thiriliDg for lack, ibme ambitious of bay. 

All came with full confidence, flufli'd with vain hope. 
From Cibber and Durfev, to Prior and Pope. 
Phoebus fmil'd on thclc laft, but ytr ne'eitlitlLfs, 
Said, he hop'd they had got cnougli by the prcl's. 

With a huge mountain-load of hcroical lumber, 
Which from Tonfoa to Curll every prcfs had gio-n'd 

Came Blackmore, and cryM, Look, ailthefcare my hy«. 
But at prefent I beg you'd but read my Eiiays. 

Lampooners and critics rufhM in like a tide. 
Stern Dennis and Gildon came tirft fide-by-fuie. 
Apollo confefs'd that their laflics had (lings, 
But beadles and hangmen were never cholc kings. 

H 4 Steele 


Steele long had fo cunningly managed the town. 
He could not be blam'd for cxpcfbing the crown ; 
Apollo dcmurr*d as to granting his wifh. 
But wifh*d him good luck in hi» project of fiih. 

Lame Congreve, unable fuch things to endure. 
Of Apollo begg*d either a crown or a cure { 
To refufe fuch a writer, Apollo was loth. 
And almoft inclin'd to have granted him bodi. 

When Buckingham came, he fcarce car'd to be ieen. 
Till Phcebus defir^d his old friend to walk in ; 
But a laurcat peer had never been known. 
The commoners claim' d that place as their own. 

Yet if the kind god had been ne'er fo inclin'd 
To break an old rule, yet he well knew his mind. 
Who of fuch preferment would only make fport. 
And laughM at all fuirors for places at court. 

Not^vithfta^dir!g this law, yet Lanfdownc was nam*d, 
But AroUo with kindncfs his indolence blam'd. 
And faid he would chule him, but that he fhould fear 
An employment of trouble he never could bear. 

A prelate '•■ for wit and for eloquence fam*d, 
Apollo loon mifs'd, ard he needs not be nam'd ; 
Since amidit a whole bench, of which fome arc fo bri^jht, 
No one of ihciii Ihines fo Icarn'd :.nd polite. 

To Shinren, Apollo was cold with re{]ie£V, 
Since he tor ibe ftaie could the Mufcs neglc6l : 

■* Dr. AtterbwTv, T^X^o^'o^ ^oOcvt^^t. 


But fiudy in a gmser aflembly he (hm'd, 
And places wcm Aingt he had ever dcciia'd. 

Trapp, Young, and Vanbrugh, expe£led reward. 
For Tome things writ well : but Apollo dedar'd 
Thee one was too flat, the other too rough, 
And the third Aire already had places enough. 

Pert Budgeil came next, and, demanding the bayy. 
Said, thofe works muft be good, which had Addifbn's 

But Apollo reply'd. Child Eullace, 'tis known, 
Moft authors will praifc whatfocvcr 's their own. 

Then Philips came forth, as (larch as a Quaker, 
Whofc (Imple profeflion 's a Padoral -maker ; 
Apollo advis'd him from playhoufe to keep, 
And pipe to nought elfe but his dog and his iliccp. 

Hughes, Fenton, and Gay, came lall in the train. 
Too modcft to alk for the crown they would gain : 
PliGcbus thought them too bafhful, and faid tlicy would 

More boldncfs, if ever they hop'd to fuccccd. 

Apollo, now driven to a curfcd quandary, 
Was wiftiing for Swift, or the fam*d Lady Mary : 
Nay, had honcft Tom Southcrne but been within call- 
But at laft he gcew wanton, and laugh'd at them all : 

And fo fpying one who came only to gaze, 
A hater of vcrfe, and dcfpifer of playi ; 


To him in grctt htm, widiottt aay 4fllAy» 
(Though a soaloui fiuittic) preiesued the bfty* 

A 11 the .wlu ftood iftoaifli'd at hearing tbr god 
8ogiaTelypronouaceaada6doiiforoddi : ^ 

And though Prior and Pope only lau||h*A jafUafiwe^ •* 
Mod othcri weitt ready n> fink in the plaeo*. . - 

Yet fome thought ^ vaeancy open wn kcpt^. ^ " / ' 
Cpnduding the higot would ncYer accept i ' . . /« 
But the hypocrite told them, he well uiidedlood« . ^ 
Though the fun£H(»i was wicked^ the ffipend utegood^^y 

At left in niih*d Eufdeiii and cry'd, *' Who ihallbmil»^ 
** But I» the true laureate to whom the king gave it }^'*' 
Apollo hegg*d pardon» and granted hie daim i ' ' ^ 
But vow'dy though, till then he ne'er heard of hit buHi^l 

.. , '/" 


SINCE in vain our parfons teach. 
Hear, for once, a poet preach. 
Vice has loft its very name, 
Skill and cozenage thought the fame ; 
Only playing well the game. 
Foul contrivances we fee 
Caird but ingenuity : 
Ample fortunes often made 
Out of frauds in every trade> 
Which an aukward child afTord 
Enough to wed the greateft lord. 




Tlae nufer ftanct to nifc a foD, 
Buty if once the fbol is gone. 
Years of thrift fcarce fcrvc a day, 
Rake-hcU fquanders all away. 
Hufbands fccking for a place, 

Or toiling for their pay ; 
While their wives undo their race 

By petticoats and play : 
Breeding boys to drink and dice. 
Carrying girls to comedies. 
Where mama 's intrigues are fhown. 
Which ere long will be their own. 
Having firft at iermon flept. 
Tedious day is weekly kept 
By worfc hypocrites than men. 
Till Mo^dzy comes to cheat again. 
Ev'n among the nobled-born. 
Moral virtue is a fcorn ; 
Gratitude, but rare at bed, 
And fidelity a jell. 
All our wit but party-mocks. 
All our wifdom raifing fiooks : 
Counted folly to defend 
Sinking Hde, or falling friend. 
Long an officer may fervc, 
Praib'd and wounded, he may (larve : 
No receipt, to make him ri&. 
Like inventing loyal lies: 
We, whofe aneeflors have ihin'd 

In arts of peace, and fields of fame. 
To ill and idlencfs inclined. 

Now are grown a public ihamc» "i^ciN. 


Fatal that inteftine jar. 
Which producM our civil war ! 
Ever (ince, how fad fi race ! 
Senfelefsy violent^ and bafc ! 



T Feel a ftrange impulfc, a ftrong defire, 

•*- (For what vain thotights will not a Mufe inlpirc ?) 

To fing on lofty fubjefts, and to raife 

My own low fame, by writing James's praife. 

Oft* have wc heard the wonders of his youth, 
ObfervM thofe feeds of fortitude and truth, 
Which fince have fpread fo wide, fo wondrous high. 
The good diftrefs'd beneath that (heltcrlic. 

In arms more a6live than ev'n war required. 
And in the midft of mighty chiefs admir'd. 
Of all heaven's gifts, no temper is fo rare, 
As fo much courage mix'd with fo much care. 
When martial fire makes all the fpirits boil. 
And forces youth to military toil ; 
Ko wonder it lliould fiercely then engage ; 
Women themfclves will venture in a rage : 
But in the midft of all that furious heat. 
While fo intent on a6lions brave and great. 
For other lives to feel fuch tender fears, 
And, carelefs of his own, to care for theirs j 

ON D. OP YORK'S SATftJiEararr. 10^ 

Ij that compofure which a hero makes. 
And which illudrious York alone partakes, 
With that great man *, whofe fame has flown (b far. 
Who taught him firft the noble art of war. 

Oh, wondrous pair ! whom equal virtues crown. 
Oh worthy of each other's vaft renown • 
None but Turenne with York could glory ihare. 
And none but York dcferve fo great a mafler^B care^ 

Scarce was he come to blefs his native ifle. 
And reap the foft reward of glorious toil. 
But, like Alcides, ftill new dangers call 
His courage forth, and ftill he vanquifh'd all. 
At fea, that bloody fcene of boundlefs r«ge. 
Where floating caftles in fierce flames engage. 
(Where Mars himfclf does frowningly command. 
And by lieutenants only fights at land) ; 
For his own fame however he fought before. 
For England's honour yet he ventured more. 

In thofe black times, when, fa6lion raging high. 
Valour and Innocence were fofc*(i to fly. 
With York they fled ; but not clepreft his mind. 
Still, like a diamond in thc-dnft^ it fhin*d. 
When from afar his drooping fiends beheld 
How in diftrcfs he ev'n himfelf eKceU'd ; 
How to his envious fate, his country's fro\yn^ 
His brother's will, he facrific'd his own ; 
They rais'd their hearts, and never dou})iied Biore 
But that juft heavbn would all our joys reftore, 

* The Marefchal de Turenne. 


So when black clouds furround heavcn*s glorious face, 
Tempefluous darknefs covering ail the place. 
If we difcern but the lead glimmering ray 
Of that bright orb of fire which rules the day. 
The chearful fight our fainting courage warms; 
Fix'd upon that, we fear no future harms. 


. 'f TT RETC HED mankind ! void of both ftrcngth 
VV and (kill ! 

Dextrous at nothing but at doing ill ! 
In merit humble, in pretenfions high, 
Among them none, alas ! more weak than I, 
And Qone more blind : though dill I worthlefs thought 
The bell I ever fpoke, or ever wrote. 

But zealous heat exalts the humbled mind j 
Within my foul fuch ftrong impuHc I find 
The heavenly tribute of due praife to pay : 
Perhaps *tis facred, and I mufl obey. 

Yet fuch the fubjefts, various, and fo high. 
Stupendous wonders of the Deity ! 
Miraculous effe£ls of boundlefs power ! 
And that as boundlefs goodnefs fhining more ! 
All thefe fo numberlefs my thoughts attend. 
Oh where Ihall I begin, or ever end > 

But on that theme which ev'n the wife abufe, "\ 
So facred, fo fublimc, and fo abllrufe, s. 

Abruptly to break off', wants no excufe. J 



While others vainly ftrivc to know Thee morCy 
Let me in filcnt reverence adore ; 
Wifliing that human power were higher rais'd^ 
Only that thine might be more nobly prais'd! 
Thrice happy angels in their high degree. 
Created worthy of extolling Thee ! 




TTOPE to mend Shakefpeare ! or to match his ftyle! 
•*• ^ 'Tis fuch a jeft would make a Stoic fmile. 
Too fond of fame, our poet foars too high. 
Yet freely owns he wants the wings to fly : 
So icnfible of his prefumptuous thought. 
That he confcfles while he does the fault : 
This to the fair will no great wonder prove. 
Who oft* in bluflies yield to what they love. 

Of greateft adtions, and of nobleft men. 
This (lory mod dcferves a poet's pen : 
For who can wi(h a fcenc more juftly fem'd, 
When Rome and mighty Julius arc but nam*d ! 
That ftate of heroes who the world had bravM ? 
That wondrous man who fuch a ftate inflav'd ! 
Yet loth he was to take fo rough a way. 
And after governed with fo mild a fway, 


' At diftaiice bow of fefcnteen Imnted ytan, 
Mcdiinks a lovely raviflier appean ; 
Wbom^ though forbid hj virtue to excofty 
A nymph Mi^t pudon^ tad could icuoe icfblt* 

C H 40 R U fr . L 


WHITHER isRooiaiihoDimr^pueJ 
Where it yodr ancient virtue inow > 
That valouiv which fo bright has (haiie. 
And with the wing^ of conqiieft flown, 
Muft tp a haugjity BW^fter bow t 
Who, with our toil, our Wood, ani all we have befide« 
Gorget lut ill-got power» his humour^ and lus pride. 
Fearlefs he will his life expofe i 

So does a lion or a bear. 
His very virtues threaten thofe, 
Who more his bold ambition fear. 
How ftupid wretches we appear, 
Who round the world for wealth and empire roam. 
Yet never, never think what (laves we are at home I 
Did men for this together join^ 

Quitting the free wild life of Nature ? 
What other beaft did e'er defign 
The fctting up his fellow-creature, 
Aftd o£ two mifchicfs chufc the greater^ Oh f 

di t ntber daJcA fe Ibvm to bold imperious men, 
Oi?e US our wildffdi» nid our woods* our huts, 2Xid 
caves again. 

There, fecurc from lawlefs (war. 
Out of Pride or Envy*s way j 
Living up to Nature's rules, 
Not depravM by knaves and fools ; 
Happily we all fhould liv^, and harmlefs as ouriheep. 
And at laH as calmly die as infants fall afleep. 


LO f to prevent this mighty empire's doom, 
From bright unknown abodes of blift I come, 
The awful genius of majeftic Rome. 

Great is her danger : but I will engage 
Seme few, the maltcr-ibuls of all this age. 
To do an acl of juft hci oic rage. 

*Tis hai'd, a man To grwat fhould fall folow; 

!More hard to let fo brave a people bow 

To one thcinfclvei have rais'd, who fcorns them now. 

Yet, oh ! I grieve t! at Brutus fhould be ftain'd, 
Whofe life, excepting this one act, remained 
So pure, that future times will think it feign'd. 

But only he can make the reft combine ; 
The veiy life and foul or their dcfign, 
Ttw .centre, vherc tliofc mighty fpiiits join. 

1 U*. 

Unthiiiking men no fort of fcruples make 5 
Others do ill, only for mifchief 's fake ; 
But cv'n the beft arc guilty by miflake. 

Thus feme for envy, or revenge, intend 
To brin^^ the boW ufurpcr to his end : 
But for his country Brutus ftabs his friend'. 



TE L L, oh ! tell me, whence arife 
Thcfe diforders in our ikies ? 
Romo*8 great genius wildly gaz*d, 
And the gods feem all amaz*d. 

Know, in fight of this day's fun. 
Such a deed is to be done, 
Black enough to fhroud the light 
Of all this world in difmal night. 

What is this deed ? 

To kill a man, 
The greateft fince mankind began : 
Learned, eloquent, and wife, 
Generous, merciful, and brave I 
Yet not too gte^t ?l ^^m^'^^, 
Tbe liberty oi 'B.oTQfc \ft ^^«^> ^^* Bof 


Bat will 00c goodneit claim regard. 
And docs not worth defervc reward ? 

Docs not their country lie at ftake ? 

Can they do too much for her fake ? 

Though dreadful be thib doom of fate, 

Juft is that power which governs all : 

Better this wondrous man ftiould fall, 
Than a mod glorious, virtuous (late. 


TTOW great a curie has Providence 
^^ Thought fit to caft on human-kind ! 
Learning, courage, eloquence, 

The gentleft nature, noblcft mind, 
Were intermixt in one alone ; 
Yet in one moment overthrown. 

Could chance, or fenfelefs atoms, join 

To form a foul (6 great as hi. r 
Or would thofc powcib v.c hold diviitc, 

Deflroy their own chief mailcr-picce } 
Where fo much difficulty lies. 
The doubtful are the only wi(e. 

And, what muft more perplex our thoughts. 

Great Jove the bed of Romans fends, 
To do the very worft of faultt. 

And kiU the kiadc^ of hit frkndl. 
X % 

All this is far above mir reach, 
AV'hatevcr pritfis piieiumc to preach. 


P R O L O 

T O 

OUR foim: ii Athens, And, great Athens iMim% 
What foiil fo dull as not to be in flam 'd ? 
Alttbink*, at inentiomng that lacred place, 
A reverend awe^ in cvciy face, 
For men fb fiim'd, i^prodigious parts. 

As taught ^t^ woj I and art«, 

AmidA ail thefc >. >ld a man 

The moil applauded lince »..«*t,,ind began p 
Oiit-ihining e^'n tliofe Greelia who jT.oft excel, 
Whofe life was one BxM courtb of dojng vvelL 
Oh I 'ivbo can therefore without tears attend 
On facb a lifcj and fuch a fataJ end > 

But here our authorj befidcs other fauks 
Of rll eitpreffions, and of vulgar thoughts. 
Commits one crime that needs an aft of giace* 
And breakst the law of unity of place ; ^ 

Yet to fuch noble patiiotSt oi'crcome ' 

By faftious violence, and bani^iM Ronoe, 
Athens alone a fit retreat could yiL-ld ,- 
jftjid wtae tdjn Bmtue faJlj but in Phiiippi fidd ? 

1 &ome 

PK0lto6t7^ to ^rARct's brutus. nt 

Some critics judge cy'n love itfclf too mean 
^ can to mix in fucb a Ibfty fcene. 
And with thofc ancient bards of Gcpcce believe 
FrfendQiiphas ftrongcr charms to plcafc or grieve : 
But our more amorous poet, findinjj love 
Amidtl all' other cares, flill fliines above, 
I^ts not the bed of Romans end their lives 
Without juft foftneft for the kiadcft wives, 
Yet, if ye think his gentle nature fuch 
As to have foftcn'd this great talc too much. 
Soon will your eyes grow dry, and palFion fall,. 
When ye reffe6t 'tis all but conjugal. 

This to the few and knowing was add reft j 
And now 'tis fit 1 ftiouid falute the reft. 

Moft reverend dull judges of the pit, 
By nature curs'd with the wrong fide of wit ! 
Tou need not care, what-c'er you lee to-night. 
How ill fomc players aft, or poets write; 
Should our miftal^es be never fo notorious, 
Tou '11 have the joy of being more cenlbiious :• 
Shew your finall talent then, let that lufiice \e ; 
But grow not vain upon it, I advife \c; 
Jach petty cri:ic can objections railir, 
The grcatcftlkill is kno\iving wixn to praillv 

ri c\\A.v 

[ ««« ] 


*C H O R U S HI. 

TX ARK is the maze poor mortals tread ; 
•*^ Wifdom itfw-lf a guide will need : 
We little thought, when C^pfar bled. 

That a worfc Caefar would fucceed. 
And are we under fuch a curfe. 
We cannot change but for the worfe ? 

With fair pretence of foreign force. 

By which Rome muft herfelf enthral i 
Thefe, without bluihes or remorie, 

Profcribe the bed, impoverifli all. 
The Gauls themfelvesy our greateft foes. 
Could a£l no mifchicfs worie than thofe« 

That JuliQc, with ambitious thoughts. 

Had virtues too, his foes could find s 
Thefe equal him in all his faults, 

But never in his noble mind. 
That free -bom fpirits fliould obey 
Wretches, who know not how to fway! 

Late we repent our hafty choice. 

In vain bemoan fo quick a turn* 
Hark all to Rome's united voice ! 

£etter that we a while had borne 

* See tbfi 6x& and fecond choruieSi in the poen 
Mr. Pope. 


9v's att diole iUi wluch moll difplcafe, 
^ Hwi ftnglbt a van hx worfe than the difeale. 



I f^ U R vows thus chearfuUy wc fing, 
[ ^^ While martial mu(ic fires our blood ; 
I Let all the neighbouring echoes ring 

With clamours for our country's ^good i 
I And, for reward, of the juft gods we claii% ^ 
[ A life with freedom, or a death with fame. ' 

May Rome be freed from war's alarms^ 

And taxes heavy to be borne ; 
May (he beware of foreign arms. 

And fend them back with noble icom ? 
And, fbr reward I &c. 

May fhe no more confide in friends. 

Who nothing farther undcrftood. 
Than only, for their private ends. 

To wafte her wealth, and fpill her blood : 
And, for reward, &c 

Our fenators, great Jove, reftniin 

From private piques, they prudence call ; 

From the low thoughts of little gain. 
And hazarding the lofing all : 
And, for reward, &c. 

1 4 The 


The (hining arms with hafte prepare, . 

Then to the glorious combat fly s 
Our minds unclogg'd with farther care. 
Except to overcocoe or die : 
And, for reiK^rdy &c. 

They fight, oppreffion to incre8&. 
We for our liberties and law» ; 
1% were a fin to donbt fucoeft, 
When freedom is the noble caaft t ' 
And, for rewara» of litt juft gods we clMm 
A Uf€ with^^wtoa, or «dcatfa iK^th £isiiw 



O F 


TH E Temple of Death. In Imitaton of the 

French Page rr 

Ode on Love to 

Elegy to the Dutchefi of R 24, 

A Letter from Sea 25 

Love's Slavery 26 

The Dream 27 
To One who accufed him of bsing too fcnlual in his 

Love 28 

The Warning 29 

To Amoretta 30 

The Venture js 

Inconftancy Excused. Song. 3» 
Song ibid. 

Defpair 3j 
On Apprehenfion of lofing what he had newly gain'd. 

In Imitation of Ovid 35 

Tlic Reconcilement. Song 3^6 

Song 37 

To a Coquet Beauty 3g 

The Relapfe 3^ 

The Recovery 40 

The Convert 41 

The Pi£hire. In Imitation of Anacreon 4a.. 
On Don Alonzo's being killed in Portugal, upon 

Accoimt of the Infantay. ia the Tear 1685 44 



The Suifrize 44 

A Dialogue fimg on die Stage^ between an elderly 

Shepherd and a very young Nymph 4S 

On one who died -diicovcring her Itindn^ 47 

On Lucinda*t Death 4I 

To a Lady retiring Into a Monaftery 49 

TheVifioa. Written during a Sea- Voya|^,«tei£Bnt . 

to command the Forces for the Belief of Taogicr $1 
Helen to Paris. From Ovid ^1 

Ptot of the Story of Orpheus. Being a Tranfladon 

out of the Fourth Bo(^ of Virgil's Georgic U 

An Eflay aa Paetry if 

Ode on Brutus 81 

The Rapture It 

On Mr. Hobbesy and lut Writings ^4 

Written over a Gate fi 

TheBfiracle, 1707 ibid. 

Ode on the Death of Henry Purcell 97 

On the Lofs of an only Son, Robert Marquis of 



On Mr. Pope, and his Poems 




The Ele6Hon of Poet Laureat in 1719 


On the Times 


On the Duke of York, baniffied to BrufTels 


On the Deity 


Prologue to the Alteration of Julius Caefar 


Chorufes in Julius Caeiar S4^ 113, 

114, 115 

Prologue to Marcus Brutus 


Chorufes in Mucm ^&raxsL\ ziSy 119 



o p 



_ .* « ., 1* 

[ «5 ] 


jO F 

Oa the Earl of Peterborough's happy Nego- 
tiation of the Marriage between his Royal High- 
nefs and the Princcfs IVIary d*Este of Modena. 

HI S Juno barren, in unfruitful joys 
Our Britilh Jove his nuptial hours employs. 
So fate ordains, that all our hopes may bc» 
And all our faftty, gallant York, in thee. 
By the fimc wiih afpiring queens are led. 
Each languifliiug to mount bis royal bed ; 
His youth, his wifdom, .and his early fame, 
Cieatc in every hrcaft a rival fiame : 
Remoteft kings fit trembling on their thrones. 
As if no diltancc could fecure their crowns ; 
Fearing his valour, wifely they contend 
To bribe witli beauty fo rcnown'd a friend : 
Beauty tlie pnce, there need no other arts. 
Love is tlie i'urcfl bait for hcix^cs hcsim : 


Nor can the fair conceal as high concern 

To iee the prince, for whom, anfeen, tliey bonu 

Brave York, attending to the general voice* 
At length refulves to nake the wilhM-foc. choice^ 
To M>le PeterifdiDag)!, wife and juft, ' ' ' 

Of his great heart he gives the facred tmiE c 
*« Thj eyes, (aid he, ihall virelF direA that heart, 
** Where thou, my beft betov'd, haft fiich apart » 
'« In council oft% and: eff in battle try'd; 
** Betwixt thy mafter, and the world decide.'* 

The cholen Mercury prepares t' obey 
TMs high command. Gently, ye windt,. convey. 
And with auipiciou» gales bis (afety wait, j. 

On wliom depend Great Britain's hopes and fate» 
So Jaion, with his Argonauts, fiom Gieecc 
To Calchos fiiii'd, to fetch the golden fleece. 

As when the gbddefles came down of old y 

On Ida's hill, fo many ages told. 
With gifts their young Ekurdanian judge they try'c^" 
And each bad high to win him to her M^i 
So tempt they him, atfd emuloufly vie 
To bribe a voice that empires would not buy : 
With balls and banquets his pleas'd fen& they bait. 
And queens and kings upon his pleafures wait. 

Th* impartial judge furveys, with vaft delight^ 
All that the fun furrounds of fair and bright : 
Then, ftri£lly juft, he, with adoring eyes. 
To radiant Efte gives the famous prize. 
Of antique ftock, her high defcent (he brings. 
Born to renew xHaa uf^ ol ^iwivaf ^ kb^s : 

Who could ddenre, like her, in whom we ice 
United, til that Paris found in- three > 
O equal fair ! ivhen both were fct above 
ATI other merit, but each other's love. 

Welcome, bright princefs, to Great Britain's ihore^ 
A* Berecynthia to high heaven, who bore 
Tiiat fliining race of goddefles and gods, 
Who rul'd the world, and fili'd the blcll abodes : 
Fnim thee, my Mufe expefVs as noble thcnicsy 
Another Mars and Jove, another James ; 
Our future hopes all firom thy womb arifc. 
Our prefcnt joy and fafety ^om your eyes ; 
Tliofc charming eyes that fhine, to reconcile. 
To harmony and peace, our (hibbom Jfle : 
On brazen Memnon, Phoebus cads a ray. 
And the tough metal fo falutes the day. 

The Britifh dame, fam'd for refifUefs grace. 
Contends not now, but for the fccond place ; 
Our love fufpended, we negle£bthe fair 
For whom we burn*d, to gaze adoring here : 
So fang the Syrens, with enchanting found, 
Enricing all to liften and be drown'd. 
Till Orpheus ravifli*d in a nobler ftrain. 
They ccas'd to fmg, or finging charm'd in vain. 

This blcft alliance, Peterborough, may 
Th* indebted nation bounteoufly repay ; 
TTiv ftatues, for the Genius of our land. 
With palm adorn'd, on every thrclhoid iUnd. 


Spoken by the Authou, bcmg tlieii but T wet- 
Years of i^Ci TO her Royal HighQcfs tn^ 
Dutchess of York, at Trinity-Colkgc- ut 


"ITrHEN iorn*d in one, the good^ tlw Ikir, ^r j 
' * Ddread to twit the Mufes* humble ftar. 

Tho«g"h ?n n 
Yet, for fiace^-iij 
With yonr own 

Then, bri-»* * 
Froro them 
Their pratfes 
Which tbofc a 
Thole nidiant c- 
Strikes Eavy t 
They cao to g 


W va6 joys dccUre, 

ty diie 

' felf compare, 

^^^:a^eQ they give, 

give law. 

Cod^crt the faiS^iau&3 and the i^cliel »ue 

They conquer for the duke ; whtic-t'er you ti?ead, 

MiiUotis of proiclyccs bth'md ave led. 

Through crouds of (i^w-msde convcits ftill youga^ 

Ptci^a'd and triumphant at the^^luriyus fto^r, 

Happy til at prince, who has by you attitm\i 

A gi^at^r coD<|uetl than his arms e'er gain'd 3 

Witli aU war's nage he may abroad overcome. 

But bve *s a gentler vj^i^ry at home. 

Securely here he on tliar face relies. 

Lays-fay his anus, and contjuer? uith vonr eves j 

A nd all tbe ^Votvoms -aS^^m^ cjS V\v* Ufie 

Tfhiiikt wcU rewati^^j \A<i&™'^ WJcLih.^^t, 



C 129 ] 



TUF A Y all thy years, like this, propitious be, 
^^■^ And bring thee crowns, and peace, and viftory ? 
Scarce hadft thou time t* unlheath thy conquering blade; 
It did but glitter, and the rebels fled t 
Thy fword, the fafeg^rd of thy brother's throne. 
Is now become the bulwark of- thy own. 

Aw'd by thy fame, the trembling nations fend 
Through-out the world, to couit fo brave a friend ; 
The guilty fcnates that refus'd thy fway 
Repent their crime, and haden to obey ; 
Tribute they raife, and vows r.nd offerings bring. 
Con fefs their phrenzy, and confirm their king. 
^\'ho with their venom over-fpread thy foil. 
Thole fcorpions of the ftate, prefcnt their oil. 

So the world's Saviour, like a mortal drcd. 
Although by daily miracles confed, 
Accus'd of evil do£bine by the Jews, 
Their rightful lord they impioufly refufe ; 
But when they faw fuch terror in the ikies, 
The temple rent, their king in glory rife, 
Dread and amazement feiz*d the trembling crowd, 
Who, confcious of their crime, adorin^j bow*d. 


TO T H E K I N G. 

nn H O* train*d in arms, and Itaum'd in martial arttf^ 
•^ Thou chufeft not to conquer men, bat byeacts. 
£xpc£Ving nations for thy triumphs watt^ 
But tliou prcfcr*ft the name of juft to greats 
So Jove fufpends hh fubjf £t world to doocn. 
Which would he pleafe to thundcr« be 'd cpttfunUL 

O ! could the ghofts of mighty beraet dead 
Return on earth, and quit th' Elyfian (hade, 
Brutus to James would truft the people's cauft^ 
Tliy jufticc is a ftronger guard than laws : 
Marius and Sylla would reiign to thee. 
Nor Ciefar, and great Pompey, rivals be,. 
Ot rivals only who (hould beft obey. 
And Cato gives his voice for ccgal fway. 


TTEROES of old, by rapine and by (poi I, 
•*- •*■ In fcarch of fame did all the world- embroil. 
Thus to their gods each then all-y'd his name. 
This fprangfrom Jove, and that from Titan came. 
With equal valour, and the famefuecef*, 
Dread king, might*ft thou the univerfc opprefs. 
But chriftian laws conftrain thy martial pride. 
Peace is thy choice, and piety thy guide ; 



. T O T H E KING. 13 

By thy example kings are tauv^ht tofw^y, 
Heroei to-^bty and faints may learn to pray. 
The Grecian leaders were but half diTinc ; 
Neftor in oounctl, and UlylTes ihine : 
But in the day of combat, all wo-ild yield 
To the fierce mader of the fevcn-fold Ihicld. 
Their very deities were grac'd no more. 
Mars had the courage, Jove the thunder bor.-^ : 
Butaliperfeftions meet in James alone. 
And Britain's king is all the gods in or.c. 

Mr. Waller to the Author, on his torf^^Li.;^ 
Verfes to the K i n c. 

A N early plant, which fuch a bloiTom bear-, 
"^ "^ And fhows a genius (b beyond his yt-an, 
A judgement that could mak« fo fair a choice. 
So high a fubjeft to employ his voice. 
Still as it grows, how fwcetly will he lini^, 
IJhc growing grcatnefi of our matchlcfs klr.^! 


TT7" HEN intoLibya the young Grecian c.mhc, 

^^ To talk with Hammon, and confult ft>i fuLii*, 
When from. the fac red tripod where he ftood. 
The pricft infpir'd faluted him a god ; 
Scarce fuch a joy that hauijhty victor knew, 
So own'd by heaven, a? I thr.^ pr-ii'd by ycu; 

K 2 ' ^V^^'^- 

"Whoe'er their names can in thy numbers (how> 
Have more than empire, and immortal grow ; 
Ages to come (hall fcorn the powers of old. 
When in thy verfe of greater gods they *re told ; 
Our beauteous queen, and martial monarches name> 
For Jove and Juno (hall be plac'd by Fame, 
Thy Charles for Neptune (hall the (eas command, 
And Sacharifla (hall for Venus (land ; 
Greece (hall no longer boaft, nor haughty Rome, 
But tliink from Britain all the gods did come. 

T O T H E 



A Like partaking of celeftial fire, 
■^ ^ Poets and heroes to renown afpire ; 
Till, crown'd with honour and immortal name. 
By wit, or valour, led to equal fame. 
They mingle with the gods, that breath'd the noble I 

flame : 

Homer (hall la(t like Alexander long, 
As much recorded, and as often fung. 

A tree of life is facred poetry ; 
Sweet is thy fruit, and tempting to the eye. 
Many there are who nibble without leave ; , 
But none, who arc not born to tafte, fun'ivc. 



Waller iha(l ntwtr die, of life fccure, 
As long as Fame or aged Time endure : . 
Waller, the Mufc*s darling, free to tafte 
Of all their ftores, the mafter of the fcaft ; 
Not like old Adam ftinted in his choice^ 
But lord of all the fpacious pamdife. 

Thofc foes to virtue, fortune, and mankind. 
Favouring his fame, once to do jullice join'd ; 
No carping critick interrupts his praife. 
No rival llrives, but for a fccond place : 
No want conftrain'd, the writer's ufual fate ; 
A poet, with a plentiful eftate ; 
The firft of mortals, who before the tomb 
Struck the pernicious monfter. Envy, dumb," 
Malice and Pride, thofe favages, difarm'd ; 
Not Orpheus with fuch powerful magic charm'd. 
Scarce in the grave can we allow him more 
Than, living, we agreed to give before. 

His noble Mufe employ 'd her generous rage 
In crowning virtue, fcorning to engage 
The vice and follies of an impious age : 
No fatyr lurks within this hallow 'd ground. 
But nymphs and heroines, kings and gods abound. 
Glory, and arms, and love, is all the found : 
His Eden with no fcrpent is dcfil'd, 
But all is gay, delicious all, and mild. 

Miftaken men his Mufe of flattery blame,. 
Adorning twice an impious tyrant's name: 
We raife our own, by giving fame to foes ;. 
The valour that he prais'd he did op^ofc 

K3 ^^^ 



Nor were his thoughts to poetry confin'd, 
The (late and buHnefs (har'd his ample mind : 
As all the fair were captives to his wit, 
So fenatcs to his counsels would fubmit : 
His voice fo foft, his eloquence follrong. 
Like Cato's was his fpcech, like Ovid's was his fong. 

Our BiitiHi kings are rais'd above the hearfe, 
Immortal i?iade in his immortal verfe ; 
No more arc Mars and Jove poetic themes. 
Rut the cclcftial Charles's and juft James : 
.Juno and Pailas, all the fhining race 
Of heavenly beauties, to the queen give place ; 
Clear like her brow, and graceful was his fong. 
Great like her mind, and like her virtue Hibng. 

Parent of gods, who do'ft to gods remove, 
Where art thou plac'd, and which thy feat above ? 
Waller the god of verfe we will proclaim. 
Not Phcrbus now, but Waller be his name ; 
Of joyful bards the fwect fcraphic quiie 
Acknowledge thee their oracle and fire j 
The IphtTcs do homage, and the Mufes fing 
Waller the god of verfe, who was the king. 


OF the rude Indiana, arrlefs and untaught. 
So brightcft jcwc'ls are with trifles bought : 
Deceiv'd Ixion's fat-e rcvers'd is fliow'd. 
Imperial Juno given for a cioud. O N 

[ »35 ] 


TT HEN wc rcflcft upon our dharming queen, 

' ^ Her wit, her beauty, her imperial mcin : 

[ajcftic Juno in her air wc find, 

he form of Venus with Minerva's mind : 

^ho was fo grac'd, Ihc, Ihe was fit alone 

'ith Royal James to fill t;he Britilh tlu^onc. 

"'O love, is to be doom'd,in Kfc, to feel 
' What after death the tortur'd meet in hell, 
ic vukuw dipping in Prometheus' fide 
s bloody beakf with his torn liver dy'd, 
Love : the ftone that labours up the hill, 
>cking the labourer's toil, Feturning (lilU 
Love : thofc ftrcams where Tantftlus is curft 
» fity'tind never drink, with endlcfs tbiiil, 
lofc loadcn boughs that with their burthen bend 
) court his tafle, and yet cfirapc his hand, 
I this is Love, that to difTembled joys 
rites vainincn, and real griefs dcflroys. 

X 4 1 ^^^ 



«. ' 

nnHE Godof Day^defceiidtngfraniabofc^ 
-^ Mtxt vfidx the Sea, and got the Qg^ of Jjanft 
Beauty^ tliat fires die world, 'twas fit ilicNild rife 
From him alone, who ligjits the fiars and flues* 

]n CTprut long, hj men and gods <^iej'd» 
The lover's toil fhe gratefully repaid i 
Promifcuotis hleflings to her (laTta affign'd. 
And fhew'd the world that heanty ihould be kind. 
Learn by this pattern, all ye fiur, Co chaim j ' i 

Bright be your beams, but without ibaiciiiBg wanou '' 

Helen was next from Greece toPhrygia bnni^^y^ j^ 
With much ezpence of blood and cmpirt tan^ i >• 
Beauty and love the nobleft caufe ailbid 
That can try valour, or employ the fword : 
Not men alone, incited by her charms. 
But heaven 's concem'd, and all the gods take arms, 
'J he happy Trojan , gloi ioufly poffeft. 
Enjoys, and lets defpairing fools conteft : 
** Secure, faid he, of that for which they fight, 
*» Theirs be the toil, and mine be the delight } 
** Your dull rcflcttions, moralifts, forbear; 
«» His title *s bed, who bell can pleafe the fair." 
Ten years, a noble fpace ! he kept his hold ; "1 

Tier loft, till Beauty was decay *d and old, V 

And Lqvc b'^ \ot\^>^^t*S\':i^ ^"^J^Vd and cold. J 

And now the godi^ in pity to the cares, 
The fierce defiiesi divifions, and de^irs 
Of tortur*d men, while Beauty was confined, 
Rcfolv'd to multiply the charming kind. 
Greece was the land where this bright race begun> 
And faw a thoufand rivals to the fun ; 
Hence followed arts, each ftudying with care 
Some new produttion to delight the fair. 
jTo bright Egeria, Socrates retir'd ; 
His wifdom grew but as his love infpir'd : 
Thoie rocks and oaks that fuch emotions felt. 
Were cruel maids, whom Orpheus taught to melt : 
Mufic and fongs, and every way to move 
The ravifti'd heart, were feeds and plants of love. 

The gods, entic'd by fo divine a birth, 
Defcend from heaven to this new heaven on earth j 
Thy wit, O Mercury, *s no defence from love, 
Nor, Mars, thy target, nor thy thunder, Jove. 
The mad immortals, in a thoufand fhapes. 
Range the wide globe ; fome yield, fome fuffcr rapes ; 
Invaded, or dccciv'd, not one cfcapcs : 
The wife, though a bright goddcfs, thus gives place 
To mortal concubines of frcfh embrace : 
By fuch examples were wc taught to fee 
The life and foul of love is fwcct variety. 

In thofe firft times, ere charming womankind 
Rcform'd their pleafures, polifhing the mind, 
Rude were their revels, and obfcene their joys, 
The broils of drunkards, and the luil of boys ; 



uS LANSDOWNfi-S P€»ifS. 

Fhcrinu lainnits forHjxindHB deidiv 
And Jmio, jealoys, lofOM at Gaayf dr . 

Kbr ftuB diT VCI& vidi inn^jCi udcHi 3 . 

Of Bcsnity fiiig» hg flMing ywnycftyjcTi 

From dime to diae Ae 

TdlbcnrtliegoddEftlpnidt nd hgir a 

Let odkn govcni «r ddcnd die taM^ r 

Fields die her, orMMMgea J t li it i f ./ 

u lonj tfts and KMKn csoel^ 

To MaiUe and to bnAfiicli IcAuiu give» .-^ 

IVoMtoilaodiliefloDemftf feok^DlifCi ,:ft: 

Deftribc Ae dan and pbacttrj itay^ 

Aad tiaoe Ae Rmii^ of cttnal di^ I 

BeAk. aqr Mnfepdijldcafiifcanddiycare^ ..-)£ 

AdafCtDbcanCf toncmdiliefiir; . -^ 

Sill wanderiag in Loffc's fwcet ddidoas niate» 

To fing die triumphs of a hiavadj face. 

Of lovely dames, who with a finile or fnyvrn 

SuUue the prood, the fuppliant lover crovmi 

From Venus down to Mira bring thy ibng* 

To diee alone fudi tender talks belong. 

Fnnn Greece to Afric Beauty ukes her fli^> 
And ripens with her near approach to light : 
Frown not, ye fair, to hear of fwarthy dames 
With radiant eyes, that take unerring aims ; 
Beauty by no compiexton is defin'd. 
Is of all coloun^ and to none confin'd : 



Jewell that ihine in gold or filver fet, 
Ai /jnricling and at precioui are in jet. 
Here Cleopatra, with a liberal heart. 
Bounteous of love, impro\''d the joy with art ; 
The firft who gave recruited flaves to know 
That the rich pearl was of more u(c than ih(»w } 
Wliowith hif^h nKnts, or a luxurious drau'^ht. 
Kept love for ever flowing and full fraught. 
Juliusand Anthony, thofc lords of aM, 
f «ow at her feet prefeitt the conqiier'd ball ; 
TlK>rc dreadful eagles, that had fiic'd the fun 
Viom pole to pole, at length fad dazzled down. 
Ilcr dying 'truth fonre generous tears would coft. 
But that her fate infpir'd « The World Well Loft* ;'* 
WithTecrci pride the ravilh'd Mulls view 
The image of that death which Dry den drew. 

Pleas'd in fuch happy climates, warm and bright, 
T.ove for fomc ages revel 'd with deHght : 
The martial Moors, in gallantry rcfin'd. 
Invent new arts to make their charmers kind : 
Sec! in theiHfts, by golden barriers bound, 
Jn warlike raiilcs they wart the trumpet's ftiund ; 
Some love-device is wrought on every fword. 
And every ribbon bears fome myUic word : 
As when we He the winged winds engage, 
Mounted on courfers foaming flame and rage, 

* All for Love; or, The World Well Loft, writttn 
^y Mr. Dryden. 



Ruftling from every quarter of the lky» 

North, eaft, and weft, in airy fwi£bieit ne^ 

One cloud repuh'd, new combatants pvepaie ' 

To meet as fi er ce, and form a thunteiag wtfs 

So when the trumpet (bunding g^ves the fign*. , 

The juftHng chiefs the rude rencoa^to: jpuii .. .r 

So meet, and (b renew the ddctrous figfat^ . ■ . .t, 

Each fair beholder trembling for her kni^it i 

Their clattering anps with the fierce ihock- refiwudy ^ . 

Helmets and brdun lances fpread the gioimd*. 

Still as one ialis another ruibcs in. 

And all muft be o'ercome, or none can win : 

The vi£br& from the glittering dame, whole cyca - 

Aided his conquering arm» receives a ptecioua priae. . 

Thus flouri(h*d Loye, and Beauty rdfn'd. in fiaa^-.^ 
Till the proud Spaniard gave thofe, gkrics date i 
Paft is die gaUanti^9 the fame remaiiity . 
IVanfmitted fafe in Dryden's lofty fcenes : 
Granada -^ led, behold her pomps reftor'd. 
And Almahide f again by kings ador'd. . 

Love, driven thence, to colder Britain flies. 
And with bright eyes the diilant fun fupplies ; 
Romances, that relate the dreadful fights. 
The loves and prowefs of adventurous knights^. 
To animate their rage, a kifs, record. 
From Britain's faireft nymph, was the reward. 

* The Conqueft of Granada, written by Mr^ Dry den 
t The part of Almahide, adicd by Nell Gwyu. 

S Thu 

Thui ancient to Love's empire was the claim 
Of Britiih beauty, and fi> wide the fame. 
Which like our flag upon the Teas gives law. 
By right avow'd, and keeps the world in awe. 

Our gallant kings, of whom long annals prove 
The mighty deeds, fland as renown 'd for love j 
A monarch's right o'er beauty they may claim, 
Ix>rds of chat ocean from whence beauty came. 
Thy Rofamond, great Henry, on the ftage 
By a late Mufe prefented in our age. 
With aching hearts and flowing eyes we view, 
While that diflcmblcd death prcfcnts the true : 
In Braccgirdlc the pcrfons fo agree. 
That all feems real the fpe6lators fee. 

Of Scots and Gauls defeated, and their kings 
Thy captives, Edward, Fame for evcrfings ; 
Like thy high deeds thy noble loves are prais'd. 
Who haft to Love the nobleft trophy rais'd : 
Thy ftatucs, Venus, though by Phidia's hand 
Dcfign'd immoral, yet no longer ftand ; 
The magic of thy fliining zone is paft. 
But Saliibury*s garter fliall for ever laft ; 
Which, through the world by living monarchs worn. 
Adds grace to fceptres, and docs crowns adorn. 

If fuch their fame, who gave thefe rites divine 
To (acred Love, O what dilhonour's thine. 
Forgetful queen, who fcver'd tliat bright head 
Which cliarm'd two mighty monarchs to her bed ! 
iladft thou been born a man, thou liadll not crr'd. 
Thy fame had livM, and beauty been prcfcrr'd* 

«4> LAKSDraWNE'S 10BM:9* 
But ah ! wiMt migbty msgic cui affiM g t 
A woman's cnTf, and a Ugot's ngt ! 

Love tirfd at lengAy Loie tliat dd^bia to fiulc^ 
Flying from faan of iiomr* qintaow iifrr 
Wtdr^Charki tiw Cwpids and dMOneit. 
In ezilcL)m» Cm- Love and be:wtic omw 
Widi Charles be wBodcFiy ind feCharita he monraij^ 
But 6b, Juyw fiefce the joy ^mbm Charlft NteaeSi » 
As eager fiamet, with oppoikion paK, , t. 

Break out iinpeRKms when they find.a mt !: » 

As a fierce torrent hinder'd in hit race. 
Forcing his way, loUs with redoohled paca ^. v ' 

From the loud palace to tbeiiiicEnt gnnrc^ 
All by the king's cxan^e live» a^4 love 1- 

The Mufes wiiii diviaer voices fing. 

And a!i rejoice tapieaft the giodrlikc king*. ■ ,.x 

Then \l(allar in iaunortal va:6 piodaimi .,,4 

The fhining court, and all the glittaring damct. 

Thy beauty, Sidney*, like Achilles.* fword,. 

Rcfidlefs fiands, upon as fure record ; 

The forcmoil hero, and the. brighteft dame^ 

Both fung alike, ihall iiave their fate tiie fame. 
And now, my Mufe,. a nobler fong prepare. 

And fing it loud, tluit heaven and earth may hear*. 

Beholdfrom Italy a wandering ray 

Of moving light illuminates the day, 

^ The Lady Dorothy Sidney, eolebrated under thf 
name gf SacbariiTa. 



Northward ihc bends, majcftically bright, 
And here ihe fixes her imperial light. 
Be bold, be bohl, my Mufe, nor fear to raife 
Thy voice to- her who was thy earlieft praife :• 
What though the faWtn fates refiife to (bine. 
Or frown fevere on tfiy audacious line j 
Keep thy bright theme within thy fteady fTght, 
The ckmds Ihall fly before the dazzling hght. 
And everlafting d^y direct thy lofty flight : 
Thou wlio haft never yet put on difguile 
To flatter foUy or defcend to vice. 
Let no vain fear thy generous ardour tame. 
But (land ere£t, and found' as loud as Pame^ 

As when our eye, fome profpcft to purfuc,. 
Defcending from a hill, looks round to view, 
Puflcs o*er lawns and meadows, till it gains 
Some beauteous fpot, and fixing there, remains :: 
With equal rapture my tranfported Mufe, 
Flies other obje6^s this bright theme to chuft. 
Queen of our hearts, and charmer of our fight,. 
A monarch's pride, his glory, and delight, 
PnnccA ad©r*d and lovM*, if vcrfe can give 
A deathlcfs name, thine ftall for ever live ; 
Invok'd wherever tlie Britifli lion roars, 
Extended as the fcas that gird the Britifh fhores. 
The wife immortals in their feats above. 
To crown their labours, ftill appointed Love : 
Phophus enjoy*d the goddcfs of the Sea, 
AlciJcs had Omphalc> James has Thee. 

O happy 


O happy James ! content thy mighty mindy 

Grudge not the world, for ftill thy queen is Idndi 

To lie but at whole feet, more glory brings^ 

Than 'tis to tread on fceptres and on kings : 

Secure of empire in that beauteous breaft. 

Who would not gi\'e their crowns to be ib bled } . 

Was Helen half fo fsiir, i6 form'd for )oy. 

Well chofe the TrojAn, and well burnt was Troy. 

But ah ! what ftrangc viciflitudes of £stey 

What cliancc attends on every worldly ftatc ! 

As when the ikies were fack'd^ the conquer*d godi« 

CompclI'd from heaven, forfook their blcft abodes ; 

Wandering in woods they Aed from den to den^ 

Or, leading flocks, tum'd hirelings to men : 

Or, as the ilately pine erecting high 

Her beauteous branches, (hooting to the iky. 

If ftrucken by the thunderbolt of Jove, 

Down falls at once tlie pride of all the grove. 

Level with lowed earth lies the tall head. 

That rcar'd aloft, as to the clouds was fprcad : 

But c«ale, my Mufe, tliy colours are too faint. 
Hide with a veil thole griefs that none can paint : 
This fun is let— but fee in bright array 
^\'hat hofts of heavenly light recruit the day ! 
I.ove in a (hining galaxy appears 
Triumphant ftill, and Grafton leads the ftars ; 
Ten thoufand loves ten thou land fevcral ways 
Invade the lookers-on, who die to gaze, 


Knowing ourdoomti aa to the Syivn't voice. 
So fwoet '• th' enchantment, tliat our fate *« our choice. 
Who moft refembien hcr» Jut next be num'ily 
Villierv fur wlfdoiu us for beauty fuin'U : 
Of a liigh race chut conquering; licauty biingi 
To charm the world, and fubjefls make of kings. 
With what delitj;ht my Mufc to Sandwich fliei| 
Whofc wit is piercing as Iier fpaiklini; eyes i 
Ah ! how Ihe mounts, and ii>riadH tier aery wio);^. 
And tunes lier voice, when Ihe of Oimoud iingi^ 
Of radiant Onnond, only Cit to l>u 
The fucceflbr of beauteous Oilbiy. 
Richmond 's a title that but naiit'd implies 
Majeilic graces and vidoriou s t-ycb i 
Holmes and St. Albans rich in charms appear ; 
ll}ile Venu» is, the Graces aie K iUlart- : 
By Eflex, and fair Kutenbcr|5, \nc find 
That beauty to no climate ib cunAn'd. 
Kupen, of royal blood, with inudcil ii;ncc, 
lilufhes to hear the triumphs of her l\uc.. 
Carelcfs, but yet (ecure uf cumpicii lull, 
LuTon, unainiing, never fuiL lo kill ^, 
Guiklefs of i)ride, to ca()tivatc, or ihiuc, 
Bright without ait, ihe wound?, without dciign. 
]iiat VVyndham like a tyrant tluuw-. the dart, 
Ai\d takes a cruel pleaiuie in itie lihait ; 
Proud of the lavage that her U-;iucic8 mukc. 
Delights iuwuuiuUi aud kill, f'oi kiliiii^ Uke; 

* I.ady C;(»,\tr, 


i4« LANS5b6^NE»S l^dit&fs. 

Aiferting the dominfitm ^ licr efn. 

As hercves'ftght, for gtoiy, not for prne. 

The ikilful Muie't earTieft care hu been < 

The pmife of nerer-fadirig IMniarhi i '' 

The poet* and hit theme, in l^igfat of Time, 

For ever ywhigy tnjby an'endteft prime; 

With chaittt lb Biimeroat Myra can ImpiiMp 

The lover knows hoc by tvkich dirt he dfet-i ' ^ 

So thidc tlie voUey^ and the ti'oantf lb fiiit» ' 

No fligttt can iave^ no remedy can eare. '1*^^^ 

Yet dawning in her infancy of lig^t* 

O fee another Bmdeneli heavenly bright. 

Bom to fulfil the glories of Ker litui» 

And fix Love's empire in that race ^vine. 

Fau wouM my Mufe to Sfov^el beiid her fl^ 

But turns afloniihM 6om the datzlitag; light; 

I<6r dares attempt io climb the fieepyJH^t. 

O Kneller ! like thy pi6hircs were my Ibngv 
Clear like thy paint, and like thy pencil ftrong, 
Thcfe matchlcfs beauties fhould recorded be 
Immortal in my verfe, as io thy gallery f • 

^ St. Evremond, who has celebrated Madam Mauurin 
under the name of Hortenle. 

t The gallery of beauties at Hampton Court, drawn 
by Sir Godfrey Kneller. 



E H7 3 


O C ARCE could the general joy for Mohun appear, 

^^ But nc\V attempts fhow other dangers aear ; 

Beauty 's attack'd in her imperial foit. 

Where all her Loves and Graces keep their court, 

In her chief refidence befiegM at laft, 

Laments to fee her faireft fields laid wafle. 

On things immortal all attempts are vain, 
Tyrant Difcafc, 'tis lofs of time and pain ; 
Glut thy wild rage, and load thee with rich prize. 
Torn from her cheeks, her fragrant lips and eyes, 
As much vermilion, as much luftre take. 
As might a Helen or a Venus make ; 
Like Thetis (he (liall fruftrate tliy vain rape, 
And in variety of charms efcapc. 
The twinkling ftars drop nurabcrlefs each nighty 
Yet ihines the radiant firuiamcnt as bright ; 
So from the ocean fliould the rivers drain. 
Still would enough to drov.n the world remain. 


TO M Y R .A, 

" A R VD and mftde wife by odicn lbme» 
I fled fironi iN^iciice lucli milclucfii cmm^ . 
Sluiniiing ibe &z that kxlb at fi^, 
I ibugbt my iafety itt my flight. ^M 

But ah 1 in Tain from fittc we fly I 
For, firfloriaftt as all miift dic» .^ 

So 'tis at much decreed above, '■'■*. 

That, fiift or left, we all muft Jofc 

My heart, diat flood io long tbefiMck ^^ 

Of winds and waves, like fome fiimkoclt, ' '; 
By one bright ipatt fiom Myia thrownt 
Is into flame, like powFdcr, blown. 

TO M y It A^ 


FOOLISH Love, begone^ (aid I, 
Vain are thy attempts on me. 
Thy fofc allurements I defy { 
Women, thofe fair diffembiers, fly ; 
My heart 's not made for thcc. 

Love heard, and ilrait prepared a dart : 

Myra, revenge my caufe, faid he. 
Too fure 'twas ihot ; I feel the fmart, 
It i-ends my brain, and tears my heart : 

O Love I my coTi^>3kC»:Qr, yity me. ^q 

C X49 ] 

TO M Y R A. 


^"OW fly, Difcretion, to my aid, 
•^^ Sec haughty Myra, fair and bright. 
In all the pomp of love array M ; 

Ah, bow I tremble at her light I 
She comes ! flie comes ! before her all 

Mankind docs proftrate fall. 
Love, a defiroyer fierce and young. 
Adventurous, terrible, and flrong. 
Cruel and rafh, delighting ilill to vex. 

Sparing nor age nor fcx. 
Commands in chief : well fortify'd he lies. 
And from her lips, her cheeks, her eyes. 
Ail oppofition he defies. 
Reafon, Love's old inveterate foe. 
Scarce ever reconcit'd till now, 
Reaibn afiiils her too. 
A wife commander he, for council fit. 
But nice and coy, nor has been feen to fit 
In modern fynods, nor appeared of late 
In courts or camps, or in afiairs of flate; 

Reafon proclaims them all bis foes. 
Who fuch rcfiftlcfs charms oppofc. 
My very bofom- friends make war 
Witliin my breal^, and in her intercfo art i 

L 3 Efteem 

^ly wcakncfs from the conqueror's pride ? 
Now, now, Dilcretion be my ^ide ! 
But fee, this mighty Archimedes too 

Surrenders now j 
Prcfuming lon^^er to refift, 

His very name 
Difcrction muft difclaim, 
Folly and Madnefs- only \fouId periifl. 



I'LL tell her the next time, faid I r 
In vain ! in vain ! for when I try. 
Upon my timorous tongue the trembling ac 
Alas ! a thou fa nd thoufand fears 
Still ovcr-awc when (he appears, 
My breath is ipcnt in fighs, my eyes are drowj 

t o M Y R a: 



NO warning of th* approaching flame^ 
Swiftly like fuddcn death it came. 
Like travellers by lightning kill'd, 
I burnt the moment I beheld. 


In whom (b many charms arc plac'd. 
Is with a mind as nobly grac'd ; 
The cafe, fo ihining to behold, 
Is fiUM with richeft gems and gold* 

To what my eyes admir d before, 
I add a thoufand gracut more; 
And fancy blows into a flame 
The ijpark that from her beauty came. 

The objeft thus improved by thought. 
By my own image I am caught : 
Pygmalion fo, with fatal art, 
Polifii'd the form that ftung his heart. 

L4 TO 

C 's» 3 
TO M y R A. 


'TTTHEN wilt thou break, my (lubborn heart? 
^^ O Death, how flow to take my part 1 
Whatever I purfuc, denies, 
Death, Death itfcif, like Myra flies* 

Zx>ye and Defpair, like twins, pofleft 
At the (ame fatal birth my bread : 
No hope could be, her fcom was all 
That to my dellin'd lot could fall. 

I thought, alas ! that Love could dwell 
But in warm climes, where no fnow fell • 
Like plants, that kindly heat require, 
To be maintain'd by conftant fire. 

That without hope 'twould die as foon, 
A little hope- --but I have none. 
On air the poor Camelions thrive, 
Deny'd ev'n that, my love can live. 

As tougheft trees in ftorms arc bred. 
And grow in fpite of winds, and fpread. 
The more the tempeft tears and fhakcs 
My love, the deeper root it takes. 

I \^ Defpair 

TO M V R A, 153 

Defpair, that aconite does prove. 
And certain death to other's love ; 
That poiibn, never yet withflood. 
Does nouriniminey and turns to food* 

O ! for what crime is my torn heart 
Condemn'd to fuflfer deathlcfs fmart? 
Like fad Prometheus, thus to lie 
Id endlefs pain, and never die. 


'X'UNE, tune thy lyre; begin, royMufe; 
"^ What nymph, what queen, wtiat goddefs wilt thou 
chufe ? 
\Vho£b praifes fing ? what charmer's name 
Tranfmit immortal down to feme ? 
Strike, (Irike thy firings ; let Echo take the found. 
And bear it far, to all the mountains round : 
Pindus again ihall hear, again rejoice. 
And Ha^mus too, as when th' enchanting voice 
Of tuneful Orpheus charm'd the grove, 
Taught oaks to dance, and made the cedars move. 
Nor Venus* nor Diana, will wx name, 
Myra is Venus and Diana too ^ 
All that was feign'd of them, apply'd to her, is true r 
Then fing, my Mufe, let Myra be your theme. 



As when the fhephcrds would a garlaad makcy 
They flarch with paias thefragnmrmadowflioiui^ 
Plucking but here and t^ere» and only take 
The fweateft flowMs, rn^ iMsk iaam ayn|fc/y 
crown'd i *' \, 

In framing Myn ib dmnely faiTt * j 

. Nature has takaii cbe laiBc>(aa«'j ^ * 

AH that is iovcLjf iiobie» gooit» m^fi^ " > ' 

Ally beauteous MyiB» all koMjoi ^imSm* ^' 
■IK. ■■ ■ ^ . 

Where Myra is, there is die Queen of Loive» <-' ' • 
Th* Arcadian paftiifes, mid ijbe (Cyf/hmn gnwc^ 
When Mynt walks, fo charmiog U her inicn^ 
In eTery motion every grace is leen : 
AVhen Myim Mis» ib jaft*a tteMfe^aA ffrafe^.' 
8b fweet 'aHie^e^ 'tis liiiciltelVtifc's Ibn^: ^ 
Place me on monntvns of etemal-ftiow. 
Where all is ice, all winter winds timtbiow ; 
Or call me underneath the burning line. 

Where evcrlafting fun does fliine, 
Where all is fcorch'd— whatever you decree. 

Ye gods ! whatever I fliall be, 
Myra (halJ fliil be lov'd, and Itill ador'd by roe. 


t »S5 ] 

My Lady Hvos, fiiting for her Picture. 

^TTll I LE Kncllcr with inimitable :jrt 
^ ~ Attempts that face, whofc print S on every Itcait, 
The poet wiili a pencil Icfs confiiiM 
Shall draw her virtues, and dclVribcher mind, 
l/nlock the Ihrinc, and to the firjit iinfoM 
Tlie ferret gems, and all the inward i'old. 
To only j-attcrns do the Mufes nnnic 
Of j>crfeM heauty, hut of puilrv t*;ime : 
A Venus and a Helen liave bi:en fcen 
Both (K'ljur'd wives, the goddefs and the queen : 
In this, the third, are aconcil'd ar lafl 
Thofc jarring attributes of fair and chaftc. 
This dazzlin{;l>e»\ity i^ a lovely cafe 
Of Ihininj; virtue, fjiotltfs as her face, 
With j'races that attnifl, hut not enihare, 
Divinely j;oiul, a ; ihe 's divinely f.iir ; 
With heauty nor afllAUd, vain, nor jiroud, 
Willi j;rcatner> eafy, afl'ablr, and good. 
Others by guihy aitifice, and arts 
Of promis'd Kindncfs, pra/:tifc on our hearts, 
With i;xpa'.taii(»n blow fbc pallion up; 
SI.e f.iMs the fue wiiliout one ^■.i\c of hoj>c : 
Kike the chadc nxion (lie (hincs to all mankind^ 
But to Kndyinion is her love conhii'd. 
What cruel dcfiiny on beauty wails, 
When on one face dejK-nd io many fates ! 
Obli;;'d by boiiour U) relieve but one, 
Vnh.'ippy men by tiiuuiiinds arc uudouc* 

Melons on beds of ice are taught to bear, 
A n<\ ft rangers to the fun, yet ripen here : 
On frozen ground the fwceteft flowers ari 
Unfccn by any light but Flavians eyes : 
Where'er flic treads, beneath the charmer 
The rofe, the jafmine, and the lilies meet 
Where'er (he looks, behold fome fuddcn 
Adorns tbe trees, and fru£Ufies the earth : 
In midft of mountains and unfruitful groi 
As rich an Eden as the firft is found. 
In this new paradife die reigns in ftate 
With fovereign pride, difdainfui of a mat< 
Like the firft charmer fair, but not Co frail 
Againft whoTe virtue all temptations fail : 
Beneath thofe beams that fcorch us from h 
Her fnowy bofom ftill unmclted lies : 
Love from her lips fprcads all his odours n 
But bears an ice. and forin^s from frozen 

C ♦s? ] 


A Roman and a Greek our praife divide. 
Nor can we yet who bell defcrv'd decide : 
Behold two mightier conquerors appear, ^ 

Some for your wit, ibme for your eyes declare. 
Debates arifc which captivates us moft, 
And none can tell the charm by which he 's loft. 
The bow and quiver does Diana bear, 
Cybcl the lions, Pallas has the fpcar ; 
Poets fuch emblems to their gods aiiign, 
Heaits bleedmg by the dart ^xnA pen be thine» 


LOVE, like a tyrant whom no laws conflrain. 
Now for fome ages kept the world in pain j ^ J 

l^eauty by vaft deliruflions got renown. 
And lovers only by their rage were known; 
But Delia, more aufpicious to mankind. 
Conquering the heart, as much inftnids the mind; 
Bled in the fate of her victorious eyes. 
Seeing, we love, and hearing, we grow wife : 
So Rome, for wifdom as for conqueil fam'd, 
Improv'd with arts whom flic by anus had tam'd, 


Above the clouds is placM this glorious light, 
Kothing lies hid from her enquiring fight 1 
Athens and Rome tor am reftorV rejoice, * •' 

"" i 

. ^. 

Long hat MiacmnkvgoviirDM'iK «M Iblnl,' - ' -^ 

Butnowdefcend^/cottMtiohMtMliifik^ •*• - -^^ 

Behold ianelia.tfaMrhi%kins4iieetf;: ^^* • : * ' "^* 

WhomleaniedAt]«mftadorUlltlAMli;r '- • ^t 

. , .1 . . : ». rt * ' 



DELIA, how lotig milft J de(|«iry 
And tax you with difdain, - - 
Still to my tender love fevere, 
Untouch'd when I complain ? 


When men of equal merit lov| us. 

And do with equal ardour fue, 
Thyrfis, you know but one can move us 5 
Can I be yours and Strephon's too ? 
My eyes view both with mighty pleafure. 

Impartial to your high defert. 
To both alike cfhrem I meafurc. 

To QUc ^onft can give my heart. 


T H Y R S I S. 

Mvfteiious guide of inclination, . 

Tell me, tyrant, why am I, 
With equal merit, equal paffion. 
Thus the vi61:im chole to die ? 

Why am I 
The vi£lim chofe to die ? 


On Fnte alone depends fuccels. 

And Fancy Reafon over-rules, 
Or, why (hould virtue ever mifs 

Reward, Q) often given ta fools f 
'*Tis not the valiant nor the witty, 

But who alone is bom to pleafe, ^ 

Love does predeftinate our pity ; 

We chufe but whom he firft decrees. 


TTTHEN fam'd Apelles fought to frame 

^ ^ Some image of th' Idalian dame, 
To fumilh graces for the piece 
He fummon'd all the nymphs of Greece ; 
So many fnortals were combined. 
To (how how one immortal ihin'd. 
Had Hyde thus fat by proxy too, 
As Venus then was faid to do, 
Venus herielf, and all the train 
Of goddefles had fummon*d been ; 

» The 

The painter muft haire ftarch'd the Uet 
Tb match the luftic of her eyes. 

Comparing 'dieoi while drat we yicw 
The ancient VcnuH and the aew,^ 
In her we pyuj mortals fee, ' 
Aft maoT godMn in dwe* 

r • R A K :> 


FAirdI Zeliadat xeafeto cbicfet or grieve^ 
Nor bluih at joyi that ooly j^mtm gi?e, ^' 

Who with bold ejreviiirvey*d thofii ili«tt^tfr chandb^ ^ 
IsfNiDiiliM, fenngin anodier's arms. 
With gntij looks he ticws each naked part» 
Joy feeds his fight, and envy tears his heart. 
So caught was Mars, and Mercury aloud 
Proclaimed his grief» that he was not the god : 
So to be caught was every god's defire f 
Nor lefs than Venus can Zelinda fire. 
Forgive him then, thou more than heavenly fair, 
forgive his raibncfs, puniih'd by defpair. 
All that we know which wretched mortals feet 
In thofe fad regions where the tortur*d dwells 
Is that they fee the raptures of the blc(f, 
Aim! view the joys tliat they mull never taAev 


C «6i ] 


* I ^ HE Syrens, once deluded, vainly charm'd} 
-*• TyM to the mail, Ulyflcs fail'd unharm'd : 
Had Myra's voice cntic'd his liftcning car. 
The Greek had ftopt, and would have dy'd to hear. 
When Myr.1 fings, we fcek tli' inchanting (bund. 
And bicfs tiic notes, that can fo fwcetly wound : 
What mufick needs mufl dwell upon that tongue, 
Whofe fpcech is tuneful as another's fong ? 
Such harmony, fuch wit, a face fo fair. 
So many pointed arrows who can bear ? 
Who from her wit, or from her beauty flics, 
If with her voice flic overtakes him, dies. 
Like foldicrs fo in battle wc fucceed. 
One peril 'fiaping, by another bleed ; 
In vain the dait orglittciing fword wc fliun, 
Condemn'd to perilh by the flaughtcring gun. 


'1T7' HEN Myra in licr fcx's [rsirh we fee, 

^^ The (iuccii of Bcautv then flie fccms to be j 
Now, fair Adonis, in this male-difguifc, 
Or Cupid, killing with his mother's eyes : 
No flilc of empire chang'd by this remove. 
Who fccm'd the Goddefs, fccms the God of Love. 




■pOriaken of m kindly ftan, 

•*• Within ntf melancholy gro?e 

I wafte my days and mg^ts in ton, . > 

A ▼i6lim to ungrateful love. 
The happy ftiil untimely end : 

Deadi flies fipom grief { or why (hoold I 
^0 many hours in forrow fpend, 

WUhingy alas ! in vain to die ? ^ 

Ye powers ! take pity of my pain, 

Thisy only this^ is my defire ; 
Ah I take from Myraher dildaiuy 

Or let me withes figh expire. 


TT 7 H Y fhould a heart fo tender break ? 
^^ O Myra ! give its anguilh eafe : 
The ufe of beauty you miftake, 

Not meant to vex, but pleafe. 
Thofe lips for fmiliog were defign'd. 

That bofom to be preft, 
Your eyes to languifli and look kuid. 

For amorovfs arms your waite : 
Each thing has its appointed right 

EftablifliM by the powers above f 
The fun and ftars give warmth and lights 

The {ail d\&itvb\itc love. 

E t<i3 3. 
TO M Y R A» 

^1 A turc, indulgent, provident, and kind, 

•*'^ In all things that excel fomc ufe defign'd. 

The radiant fun, of every heavenly light 

The firft, did Myra hot difpute that right, 

Sends from above ten thoufand bleffings down. 

Nor is he fet fo high for fhow alone ; 

His beams re\'iving with aufpicious fire, 

Freely we all enjoy what all admire. 

The moon and ftars, thofe faithful guides 'jf night. 

Are placM to help, not entertain, the fight. 

Plants, fruits, and flowers, the fertile fields produce^ 

Not for vain ornament, but wholcfomc ufe ; 

Health theyreftorc, and nouriflmient they give, 

We fee with pleafurc, but we tafte to live* 

Then think not, Myra, that thy form was meant 

More to create dcfirc, than to content r 

Would the juft gods fo many charms provide 

Only to gratify a mortal 'b pride ? 

Would they have rais'd thee fo above thy fcx 

Only to play the tyrant, and to vex ? 

*Tis impious pleafure to delight in harm. 

And beauty fliould be kind, as well ab charm. 

From Jove in feathers, harmlefs to the I 
Lxda, without a blu(h, accepts delight. 
Myra, as chaftc as Lxda, and more fair 
Forgive an anxious lover's jealous care. 
And O take heed, for, if fuch tales wer 
The gods may pra£tife thefe deHgns on j 
Their heaven and all their brightnefs the; 
For any form, that may to you admit. 
See, how the wanton bird, at every glan< 
Spreads his gay plumes, and feels an am 
Preft by tliat hand, he melts at every tou 
Prcft by that hand, who would not melt i 
The Quet n of Beauty fhall forfake the di 
Ilcnccfoi th the parrot be the bird of love 

TO M y R - 

■ -VT /-» T? - ^l. . 

-J /I . 

T O M Y R A. 165 

Were all the curttins drawn, you'd find 
Scarce one, perhapf» but who is kind. 

Minerva, naked from above 
With Venus, and the wife of Jove, 
Expoiing every beauty bare, 
Defcended to the Trojan heir ; 
Yet this was (he whom poets name 
Goddcfs of Charity and Fame. 

Penelope, her lord away. 
Gave amorous audiences all the dny ; 
Now round the bowl the fuitors fit, 
With wine provoking mirth and wit : 
Then down they take the ftubborn bow ; 
Their ftrength, it feems, (he needs muft know : 
Thus twenty cheerful winters paft. 
She's yet immortaliz'd for chaftL*. 

Smile, Myra, then ; reward my flame. 
And be as much fccure of fame : 
By all thofc maichlefs beauties fir'd. 
By my own mutchlefs love infpir'd, 
So will I fing, fuch wonders write. 
That, when th' aftonifli'd world iliall cite 
A nymph of fpotlcfs worth and fame, 
Myra Ihall be th' immortal name, 




TTT IT H Myni*s charmty aod mj cztieaie delpair, 
^^ Long has my Muft aniaz'd tbe veadci^i cur. 
My friends with pity heard die moaniful ibniid» 
And all enqvir'd who gave the fatal wound { 
Th' aftoniih'd worid bdield an endlefs flame. 
Ne'er to be quench'd, and knew noc whence it came i 
So fcatter'd fire from burning iEtna flies. 
Yet none can tell from whence thofe flames arid*. 

My timorous toD^e» ftill trembtingtxyconfcft. 
Fearful to name, would faiii have had her guefs ; 
Slight paffioos with great cafe we can unfold, 
Were n\y love lefs, my tongue had been more bold i 
But who can litre, and endlefs torments feel ? 
Compcll'd by racks, the moft refolv'd reveal 
Thofe fecrets, that their prudence would conceal 
My wcqiing Mufe, oppreft with hopelcfs vows. 
Flies to her feet, and thus for mercy bows. 

Survey your felF, and then forgive your Have, 
Think what a palfion fuch a form muft have ; 
Who can, unmo\-*d, behold that heavenly face, 
Thofe radiant eyes, and that rcfiftlefs grace ? 
My vows to Myra all were meant to thee. 
The praife, the love, the matchlefs conftancy. 
'Twasthus of old, when all th' immortal dames 
Were graced by poets^ each tvithfeveral names; 



For Vennty Cjdiem was invoked, 
Altan for Pallaty to Athena fmok'd : 
Such names \vere theirs ; and thou the mod divine, 
Mod lov'd of heavenly beuties, Myra 's thine. 


T E T meaner beauties conquer fingly ilill, 
■*^ But haughty Myra will by thoufands kill, 
Throuuh armed ranks iriumphantly fhe drives, 
And with one glance commands ten thoufand lives: 
The trembliniij heroes nor refill nor fly. 
But at the head of all theu; fcjuadrons die* 



SO calm and fo fercne but now, 
Wiiat means this change on Myra's brow ? 
Heraguifh love now glows and burns, 
Then chilU and Ihakes, and the cold fit returns, 

Mock'd with deluding locks and fmiles, 
, When on her pity I depend, 
My aeiy hope (he foon beguiles. 
And laughb, to fee my torments never end, 

So up the fieepy hill with pain 
The weighty ftone is rolTd in vain. 
Which having.touch'd the top, recoils. 
And leaves the labourer to rcnc^v his toils. 

M 4 TO 

TO M Y R A. 

^T* Houg^tful nights, and reftlds wikingt 
-*- O the paint that we endure 1 
Broken faidi, unkind forfaking. 

Ever doubdngy never fure. 
Hopes deceivingy vunendcavourf. 

What a race has love to run I 
Palle protelting, fleeting favours^ 

Every, every >vay undone. 
Still complaining, and defendiog. 

Both to love, yemot agree, 
Fears tormenting, pafl&>n rending, 

O the pangs of jealouiy ! 
From fudi painful ways of lii^ng. 

Ah how fweet, could love be free ! 
Still prefenting, ftill receiving. 

Fierce immortal ccftafy. 

TO M Y R A. 


TpRepar'd to rail, refolvM to part, 
■*• When I approach the perjur'd maid. 
What is it awes my timorous heart ? 
Why is my tongue afraid ? 


T* O M Y R A. 169 

With die leaft glance a little kind, 

Such wondrous power have Myra's charms, 
She calms my doubts, enflaves my mind. 

And all my rage difarms. 
Forgetful of her broken vows, 

When gazing on that form divine, 
Her injur'd vaflal trembling bows, 

Nor dares her (lave repine. 

TO M y R A. 


In Imitation of thePHARMACEUTRiAof Theocritus, 

TiT I X, mix the philtres— Quick — flic flics, flic flies, 
^'•^ Deaf to my call, regard lefs of my cries. 
Arc vows fo vain ? Could oaths fo feeble prove ? 
Ah with what cafe flic breaks thofe chains of love I 
Whom Love with all his arts had bound in vain. 
Let charms compel, and magic rites regain. 

Begin, begin, the myftic fpclls prepare ; 

Bring Mvra back, my perjur*d wanderer. 
Queen of the night, blight cmprefs of the ftars. 
The friend of love, afiift a lover's cares : 
And thou, infernal Hecate, be nigh, 
At whofe approach fierce wolves afirighted fly. 
Dark tombs difclofe their dead, and hollow cries 
Echo from under ground ; A rife, arife. 

Begin, begin, the myftic fpclls prepare; 

Bring Myra back, my perjured wanderer. A.% 

As crackling in the fire this liurel lies. 
So ftmggling in Love's flames her lover diet i 
Ithnrfts, and in ahlazc of light expiree; 
So may (he burn, but wiHi more laiting fiies^ 
Begin, begin, the royftic fpells pn^nn | 
Bring Myra back^, my perjurM t^anderar* 
As the wax melts that to the ftamet I hoUt ■ % 
So may ihc melt, but nerermore grov ooU i : 

riiant and warm may ftill her heart remain. 
Soft for the (Hint, but ne'er turn hard again. 
Tough iron will yield, and ftabbom marble ran^ 
» And hardeft hearts by love are melted dovn. . .. 

Begin, begin, the myftic fpells prepare i 
Bring Myra back, my psrjur'd wanderer. 
As with impetuops motion whirl'd apace, - 
Tliis ma^c wheel flill moves, yet keeps its place, , 

Ever returning : fo may ihe come back. 
And never more th' appointed round fbrfake* 
Begin, begin, the myftic fpells prepare ; 
Bring Myra back, my pcrjur'd wanderer. 
Diana, hail ! all hail ! Moft welcome thou. 
To whom th' infernal king and judges bow : 
O thou who canft the powers of hell perfuade. 
Now try thy charms upon a faithlefs maid. 
Hark ! the dogs bark ! She comes, the goddefs comes: 
Sound, found aloud, and beat our brazen drums. 
Begin, begin, the myftic fpells prepare ; 
Bring Myra back, my perjur*d wanderer. 
How calm 's the iky ! how undifturb'd the deep I 
Nature is huih*d, the very tempefts deep, 

3i The 

T <y M Y R A. 171 

The ditmfy tvindi bmthe gently through the trees, 
And filent on the beach rqwfe the (cas : 
F.ove only wakes : the ftorm that tears my brcaft 
For ever rages, and di drafts my reft : 
O Love ! refcntlefs I^ve ! tyrant accurft ! 
4n ilefcrts bred, by cruel tigers nurft ! 

Begin, begin, the myftic fpclls prepare ,- 

Bring Myra back, my pcrjur'd wanderer. 
Tliis riband that once bound her lovely waftc, 
O that my arms might gird her there as fall ! 
bmiling (he gave it, and I prizM it more. 
Than the rich zone th* Idalian goddefs wore. 
This riband, this lov'd rclick of the fair. 
So kil's'd, and fo preferv'd-— Tlius, thus I tear. 
O Love ! why doll thou thus delight to rend 
My foul with pain ? Ah, why torment thy friend I 

ficgin, begin, the myftic fpells prepare ; 

Bring Myra back, my pcrjur'd wanderer. 
Thrice liavc I facrific'd, and proUratethiice 
Ador'd : alTift, yc powers, the facrificc. 
\Vho-c*cr he is, whom now the fair beguiles 
With guilty glances, and with perjur'd fmilcs, 
^lali^nant vapours blall his impious head, 
Yc lightning fcorch him, thunder ftrike him dead, 
Hon or of cunfcicncc all his (lumbers break, 
Dillraft his rell, as love keeps me awake ; 
If marry'd, may his wife a Helen be. 
And curftand fcom'd, like Menelaus he. 

Begin, begin, the myftic fpells prepare ; 

Bring My I a back, my pcrjur'd wanderer. 


Thcfe powerful drops thrice on the threfhold pour, 
And bathe with this enchanted juice her door) 
That door where no admittance now is found. 
But where my foul is ever hovering round. 
Hade, and obey : and binding be the fpcll. 
Here ends my charm : O Love, fuccced it well : 
By force of raagick ftop the flying fair, 
Bring My ra back, myperjur'd wanderer. 

Thou'rt now alone ; and painful is relh^int : 
Eafe thy prcft heart, and give thy forrows vent, 
Whence fprang, and how began thefe griefs, declare. 
How much thy love, how cruel thy defpair. 
Ye moon and ftars, by wlwfe aufpicious light 
I haunt thcfe groves, and wafte the tedious night. 

Tell, for you know the burthen of my heart. 

Its killing anguifh, and its fecret fmart. 
Too late for hope, for my repofe too foon, 
I faw, and lov'd : her heart, engag'd, was gone : 
A happier man poflcfs'd whom 1 adore ; 
O 1 (hould ne'er have fecn, or feen before. 

Tell, for you know the burthen of my heart, 

Its killing anguilh, and its fecret fmart. 
What fliall 1 do ? Shall I in filence bear, 
Deftroy myfelf, or kill the ravifher ? 
Die, wretched loveY, die ; but ah beware, 
Hurt not the man who is belov'd by her. 
Wait for a better hour, and truft thy fate : 
Thou feek'ft her love, beget not then her hate, 

Tell, for you know the burthen of my heart. 

Its killing anguilh and its fecret finart. 


T O M Y R A. 173 

My lifctConftuniag with eternal grief, 
From herbs and ipellt I feek a vain relief 1 
To every wift magician I repair, 
In vain ! for ftili I love, and I defpair. 
Circe, Medea, and the Sibyl books. 
Contain not half th' enchantment of her looks* 
Tell, for you know the burthen of my hearty 
Its killing anguiih, and its fecret (inart. 
As melted gold preferves its weight the fame, 
So burnt my love, nor wafted in the flame. 
And now, unable to fupport the Itrlfe, 
A glimmering hope rccals her parting life ; 
My rival dying, I no longer grieve. 
Since 1 may aik, and flic with honour give. 
Tell, for you know the burthen of my hearty 
Its killing anguifli, and its fecret fmart. 
W'itncfs ye hours, with what unweary'd care. 
From place to place I flill purfucd the fair. 
Nor was occaflon to reveal my Hames 
Slow to my fuccour, for it fwiftly came : 
It came, it came, that moment of dc'light, 
O gods ! And how I trembled at her light ! 
Tell, for you know the burthen of my hc:iit. 
Its killing anguiih, and its fecret fmart. 
Difmay'd and motionlefs, confus'd, amaz'd. 
Trembling 1 flood, and tcrrifyd I gaz'd ; 
My faltering tongue in vain for utterance try'd. 
Faint was my voice, my thoughts abortive dy'd. 
Or in weak founds and broken accents came 
Impcrfe6\^ as difcouifes in a dreauu. 


Tell, for you know the burthen of my hearty 
Its killing anguiih, and its fecret fmart. 
Soon fhe divin'd what this confuiion meant, 
And gucfs'd with eafethc caufe of my complaint t 
My tongue emboldening as her looks were mild. 
At length I told my griefs — And ftill (he fmiPd. 
O Syren, Syren, fair deluder, fay 
Why (hould you tempt to truil, and^ then betray ? 
So faithlefs now, why gave you hopes before ? 
Alas! you fhould have been lefs kind, or more. 
Tell, for you know the burthen of my heart, 
Its killing anguifli, and its fecret fmart. 
Secure of innocence, I feek to know 
From whence this change, and my misfortunes grow \ 
Rumour is loud, and every voice proclaims 
Her violated faith, and confcious flames. 
Can this be true ? Ah flattering mifchief, fpeak. 
Can you make vows, and in a moment break ? 
And can the fpacelb very narrow be 
Betwixt a woman's oatli, and perjury ? 
O Jcaloufy ! All other ills at fiift 
My love ciTay'd, but thou artfure the word ! 
Tell, for you know the burthen of my heart. 
Its killing anguifli, and its fecret fmart. 
Ungrtatcful Myra ! urge me thus no more, 
Mor think me tame, that once fo long I bore : 
Though now by philtres I *d avert thy change. 
The philtres failing, poifon ftiall revenge : 
Already ftands prepared the deadly draught. 
Of an Aflyrian was the fecret bought : 


TO M Y R A. i7| 

For whom that draught ? Ah feeble rage and vain ! 
With how fccure a brow Ihe mocks my pain ? 
Thy heart, fond lover, does thy threSis belie, 
Canft thou hurt her, for whom thou fet would*ft die f 
Nor durft (he thus thy juft refentmcnt brave, 
But that Ihe knows how much thy foul 's her flave* 
But fee ! Aurora rifmg with the fim 
Diflblves my charm, and frees th' enchanted moon^ 
My (pells no longer bind at fight of day. 
And young Endymion calls his love away. 
I.ove *s the reward of all, on earth, in heaven. 
And for a plague, to me alone was given. 
Evils we cannot Ihun we muft endure. 
Death and a broken heart 's a ready cure. 
Cynthia farewel, go reft thy weary light, 
I muft for ever wake — We *11 meet again at night. 

TO M Y R A. 


TN lonely walks, diftrafted by dcfpair, 

-^ Shunning mankind, and torn with killing care. 

My eyes o'erHowing, and my frantic mind 

RackM with wild thoughts, fwelling with fighs the winder 

Through paths untrodden day and night I rove. 

Mourning the fate of my fuccefslefs love. > " 

Who moft defu-e to live untimely fall, 

But when we beg to difi Death flies our call. 



I call to heaven, and tell ttie gods my pain ; 
The gods, averfe, like Myra, to my prayer, 
Conlent to doom whom (he denies to fpare. 
Why do I feck for foreign aids, whenl 
Bear ready by my fide the power to die ? 
Be kcen,i my fword, and fcrve thy mafter wel 
Ileal wounds with wounds, and love with de; 
Strait up I rofe, and to my aching breaft, 
!My bofom bare, the pointed blade I preft. 
When lb ! aftonifli'd ! an unufual light 
PiercM the thick fhade, and all around grew 
My dazzled eyes a radiant form behold, 
Splendid with light like beams of burning go 
Eternal rays his (hining temples grace % 
Eternal youth fat fmiling on his face ; 
Trembling I liften, proftrate on the ground. 
His breath perfumes the grove, and mufic 's in 
Ceafe, lover, ceafe thy tender heart to vex 
In fruitlefs plaints of an ungrateful fcx : 
In fate's eternal volumes it is writ 
That women ever (hall be foes to wit : 

I? J 


With noify fopperies their hearts a/Tail, 

Renounce all fenfe ; how fhould thj ibngs prevail. 

When I, the god of wit» fb alt' could fail } 

Remember me ; and in my (lory find 

Hot? rainiy merit pleads to womankind. 

I by whom all things ihincy who tune the fpheresy 

Create the day, and gild the night with ftars. 

Whole yoiith and beauty from all ages paft 

Sprang with the world, and with the world ihall laft : - 

How oft* with fruitlefs tears have I implor'd 

Ungrateful nymphs ! and,. though a god, ador'd f 

When could my wit, my beauty, or my youth, 

Move one hard heart ? or mov'd, fecure its truth ? 

Here a proud nymph with painful ileps I chace. 

The winds out-flying in our nimble race ; 

Stay, Daphne, ftay — in vain, in vain I try 

To flop her ^ed, redoubling at my cry ; 

0*er craggy rocks and rugged hills (he climbs, . 

And teai% on pointed flints her tender limbs ; 

But caught at length, juft as my arms 1 fold, 

Tum*d to a tree,' (he yet cfcapes my hold. 

In my next love a difi*erent fate I find. 

Ah I which is worfc, the falfc or the unkind ? 

Forgetting Daphne, I Coronis chofc, 

A kinder nymph— too kind for my repofe. 

The joys 1 give but more inflame her breafl. 

She keeps a private drudge to quench the reft j 

How, and with whom, the very birds proclaim * 

Her black pollution, and reveal my (liame. 

* Difcovercd by a crow. 

N Hard 

HM lot of beauty ! fatally beilow'd/ 
Or given to the faife, or to the proud ; 
By feveral ways they bring us equal pain^ 
The falie betray us^ and the proud difiaia* 
Scom*d, and abus'd f from Hiortal loves I Sfp 
To ietk iBoic tru^ in my own native &y ; 
Venus, the faireft of immortal loves, 
Bright as my beams, and gentle as her dovety 
XVidi glowing eyas^ eonfefiing hot defiras. 
She fummons hc^en and earth to quench h^r fires ; 
Me (he excludes j and I in vain adaie 
Who neither god um man fef iis'd befons t 
Vulcan, the "iery monfter of the ikies, 
Vukan ike takes, the God of Wit denies^ 
Then ceaie to murmur at thy Myra's pride, 
Whimfy, not reaion, is the female gwide : 
The fate, of which their matter does- complain. 
Is of bad omen to th' infpired train. 
What vows have faii'd ! Hark how CaiuUus^ mourns, 
How Ovid weeps, and {lighted Gallus burns. 
In melting ftrains fee gentle Waller bleed, 
Vnmov'd ihe hears what none unmov'd can read. 
And thoo, who oft' with fuch ambitious clioice 
Ifaft rais'd to Myra thy afpiring voice, 
What profit thy neglefted zeal repays ? 
Ah, what return ? Ungrateful to thy praife f 
Chafege, change thy ftyle, with mortal rage return 
Unjuft difdain, and pride oppofc to icorn ; 
Jiearch all the fecrets of the fair and young. 
And then proclaim, foon fliall they bribe thy tongue f 


T H « V r « I O N. t7» 

The fluurp detra£lor with fuccefs aflails. 
Sure to be gentle to the man that rails i 
Women) like cowards^ tame to the fevcte^ 
Are only fierce when they difcover fear. 

Thus fpake the god ; and upward mounts in air. 
In juft rcfeptmcnt of his paft defpair* 
Provok'd to vengeance, to my aid I call 
The furies round, and dip my pens in gall j 
Not one fliail *fcapc of all the cozening fex, 
Vex*^d Ihall they be who Co delight to vet. 
In vain I try, in vain co vengeance move 
My gentle Mufe, fo us'd to tender love ; 
Such magic rules my heart, whatever I write 
Turns all to foft complaint and amorous flight. 
Begone, fond thoughts, begone ; be bold, laid 1» 
Satire 's thy theme— -in vain again I try. 
So charming Myra to each fenie appears. 
My foul adores, my rage difTolvvs in tears. 
So the gall'd lion, fmarting vith his wound. 
Threatens his foes, and makes the forcft found j 
With his ftrong teeth he bites the bloody dart, 
And tears nis fide with more provoking fmart, 
Till, having fpent his voice in fruitlcfs cries, 
He lays him down, breaks his proud hcait, and difii« 


[ i8o ] 

S O N G. 

TO M Y R A. 

TTERE end my chains, and thraldom ceafe, 
•*•-*■ If not in joy, I' 11 live in peace. 
Since for the pleafures of an hour 

We muft endure an age of pain, 
I '11 he this abje£): thing no more ; 

Love give me back my heart again. 

Defpair tormented £rft my hreaft. 

Now Falfehood, a more cruel gueft, 

O, for the peace of human-kind. 

Make women longer true, or fooncr kind ; 

With juftice or with mercy reign, 

O Love ! or give me back my heart again. 


"P NO U G H, enough, * my foul of worldly noife, 
•*-* Of airy pomps, and fleeting joys ; 
What does this bufy world provide at beft, 

But brittle goods that break like glafs. 
But poifon'd fweets, a troubled feaft, 

^nd pleafures like the wipds that in a moment pafs } 



Tby thoughts to nobler meditations give> 
And ftudy how to die, not how to live. 
How frail is beauty ! ah how vain 

And how Ihort-liv'd thofe glories are. 
That vex our days and nights with pain. 

And break our hearts with care ! 
In dud we no di(lin6^ion fee. 
Such Helen is ; fuch, Myra, thou muit be« 

How fhort is life ! why will vain courtiers toil 
And crowd a vainer monarch for a (mile ? 
What is that monarch but a mortal man^ 
His crown a pageant, and his life a fpan ? 
With all his guards and his dominions, he 
Mufl ficken too, and die as well as we. 

Thofe boafted names of conquerors and king* 
Arc fwallow'dy and become forgotten things : 
One deflinM period men in common have. 
The great, the vile; the coward, and the brave. 
Are food alike for worms, companions in the grave. 
The prince and paraiite together lie, 
No fortune can exalt, but death will climb as high. 





"ITT H Y, 'Granville, is thy life cwifinM 1 

^ To ftades ? Thou, whom the gods d«%aM V 
In public, to do credit to mankind ? J 

Why deeps the noble ardoiu* of thy bloodt 

Which from thy anceftors fo many ages paft^ 
From Rollo down to Bevil flo\v*4, 

And then appear'd again at laft 
In thcc, when thy vi6lonous lance * 
Bore the difputed prize from all the youHi of France* 
In the firft trials that are made for fame* 

Thofc to whom fate fuccefs denies, 
If taking counfel from their (hame, 

They modeftly retreat, are wife : 
But why ihould you ? who fliil fucceed 
In ^11 you do> whether wkh graceful art you lead 
The Bery barb, or with as graceful motion tread 
^n ihining balh« where all agree 
To give the highefl praife and the firft place to thee. 

So lovM and prais'd, whom all admire, 
Why, why fhould you from courts and camps retire ? 

* At a caroufal at Paris, in the year 1689. 

tPO WE AWHOill m tm COUNTRY- 11| 
If Myn 1l Udkindp if it can be 
That aay nylnpli can be unkind to thee t 

If, pen (ive made by love, you thus retire, 
Awake your Mule, and ftring your lyre ; 
Your tender fong and y«ur melodious ftnim, 

Can newr be addreil in vain, 
She needs muft love, and we (hall have you back agaila^ 


"VTTHOE'ER thou art, \vho tempt'ft in fuch A ftraln^ 

^ ^ Sweet is thy Syren fong, but fung in vain i 
When the winds rage, and the loud biUows roar» 
What fool will truft tlte fea, and quit the ihoie } 
Karly and vain into the world I cane, 
Big %vith falfe hopes, and ea^r after fame. 
Till, looking round me exe the race began. 
Madmen and giddy fools were all that ran : 
Reclaim*d betioics, I ftx>m the lift retirey 
And thank the gods who my retreat infpire. 
Survey the world, and with impartial eyes 
Confider, and examine, all who rift, 
Weigh well their adlions and their treacherous ends. 
How greatnefs grows, and by what fteps afceadSf , 
What murders, trcafons, perjuries, deceit. 
How many fall, to make one monder great. 
Would you command, have fortune in your power ? 
Hug whom you dabi and fmile when you devour < 

N4 Be 

914 LANSDOWNB'8 POftMS. ^ . ^ 

Be bloody, falfe, flatter. fedWmr, aqd &, • 

Tun pandtTy padikt panfiie, w 4>y i 

Such diri^ng aiti maj yqor wifliM pyipoft bring^ - « 

At leaft a genenl be> perfaapt m kbg« 

fortune we moft uniuilj paitial call, «. ' 

A miffarcft fiee^ idw bidi alike to al|> ' 

But pn foch tenns at oalj/uit the bfde^ .-. ^ ^. . \^ . ., , ' 

Honour denies, and fliune the fool endsncei 

The honeft Shan, who ftanres and is undone, 

Kotfoftiue, buthis nAue, keepa hii9^4o""n« • >- ^ ' 

£bd CatD bent benetth die conquering canfi^ 

He mi^fanve liv'd to ^dq newicnatcshnnri ^ J: 

But, onTfletcnnsdi&iniagtobegmt^ \vji 

Heperiih'dbfhisclkMGe. aadnotiusitoit' 

Bbnour and life th'nfuiperbldt. tad all ' ' / ' 

That vain' miflaken men good Ibitinie calif \ X 

^^ituefoibids, and fees beJRMtfiis CjhBS 

An honeft death,- wluch he accepts, and diet* 

O glorious refolution ! noble pride ! 

More honoured than the tyrant livM. he dy'd i 

More prais'd. more lov'd. more envy'd in his doom 

Than^aeiar trampling on the rights of Rome*! 

The virtuous nettling fear but life with Ihame. 

And death 's a pleafant road that leads to hmt» 

On Ifones and fcraps of dogs let me be fedt 

My limbs uncovered, and expos'd my head 

To bleakefl colds, a kennel be my bed s 

This, and all other martyrdom, for thee 

Seems glorious all, thrice-beauteous Honefty! 

a Fotrtue 



Fortune and life dfpcnd on fate alone. 
My honour ind my confcience are my own. 
Ye great difturberii who in endlels noife. 
In blood and horror, feck unnatural joys $ 
For what is all this buille but to fhun 
Thofe thoughts with which you dare not be alone ? 
As men in mifcry, oppreft with care, 
Seek in the rage of wine to drown defpair. 
Let others fight, and cat their bread in blood, 
Kcgardlcfs if the caufe be bad or good. 
Or ciingc in courts, depending on the nods 
Of flrutting pigmies, who would pafs for gods : 
For me, unpra£kis'd in the courtier*s fchooly 
Who loath a knave, and tremble at a fool. 
Who honour generous Wycherley opprcft, 
PofTeft of little, worthy of the bell; 
Rich in himfelf, in virtue that outfhines 
All but the fame of his immortal lines. 
More than the wealthieft lord, who helps to drain 
The famiih'd land, and rolls in impious gain. 
What can I hope in courts, or how fucceed ? 
Tigers and wolves Ihall in the ocean breed. 
The whale and dolphin fatten on the mead. 
And every element exchange its kind. 
When thriving honcfty in courts we find. 
Happy the man, of moruls happieft he, 
Whofe quiet mind from vain dcfircs is free ; 
Whom neither hopes deceive nor fears torment. 
But lives at peace within himfelf, content 2 




In thought or a^ accountable to nOne 

But to himfelf and to the gods alone. 

O fweetnefs of Content | ieraj^ic joy, 

That, nothing Tvanting, nothing can deHtroj I 

Where dwells this peace, this freedom of the mind ? 

Where, but in (hades remote from human kind { 

In flowery vsdes, where nymphs and ibepherds meet^ 

But never comet within the palace-^gate. 

^arewel theK cities, courts and camps farewel. 

Welcome ye groves, here let mfc ever dwell ; 

From care, from bufmefs, and mankind remove, 

All but the Mufes and inipiring Love. 

Kow fweet the morn, how gentle is the night ! 

How calm the evening, and the noon how bright ! 

From hence, as from a hill, I view below 

The crowded world, that like fome wood docs fhovv. 

Where feveral wanderers travel day and night 

Through feveral paths, and none are in the right. 




^TT HEN will the gods, propitious to our prayers, 
^^ Compofe our faftions, and conclude our wars > 
Ye fons of Inachus, repent the guilt 
Of crowns ufurp'd, and blood of parents (pilt, 

1 F«r 

for impious gnttnefs vengeance is in ftone. 
Short is the date of all ill-gotten power. 
<7ivc eari ambitious princes, and be wife; 
Liften, and learn wherein true grcatnefs lies ; 
Place not your pride in roofs that Ihine with gems^ 
In purple robes nor fparkling diadems, 
Kor in dominion nor extent of land ; 
He 's only great who can himfeif command ; 
Whofe guard is peaceful Innocence, whofe guide 
Is faithful Reafon ; who is void of pride^ 
Checking ambition, nor is idly vain 
Of the falfc incenfe of a popular train : 
Who without ftrife or envy can behold 
His neighbour's plenty, and his heaps of goldy 
l^or covets other wealth but what we find 
In the pofTeflions of a virtuous mind. 
F^arlefs he fees who is with virtue cnnvn'd, 
The tcmpefl rage, and hears the thunder found r 
Ever the fame, let Fortune fmile or frown. 
Whether upon tlie fcaffuld or the throne ; 
Serenely as he liv'd, refignt his breath, 
Meets deftiny half way, nor ihrinks at deadi* 
Ye fovereign lords, who fit like gods in ibtet 
Awing the world, and bufUing to be great i 
Lords but in title, vaflals in t&Etf 
Whom lull controls, and wild defires dire6ly 
The reins of empire but fuch hands difgrace. 
Where Paifion, a blind driver, guides *' 
What is this fame, thus crouded row 
The breath of fools, the bait of ft 


Of battering engines that dcftroy from fer ? 
The greatelt king and conqueror is he 
Who lord of his own appetites can be r 
Bleft with a power that nothing can dcftroy. 
And all have equal freedom to enjoy. 
Whom worldly luxury and pomps allure, 
They tread on ice, and find no footing furc. 
Place me, ye powers ! in fome obfcure retreat 
O keep me innocent, make others great j 
In quiet fhades, content with rural fports. 
Give me a life remote from guilty courts. 
Where, free from hopes br fears, in humble i 
Unheard^f I may live, and die in peace. 
Happy the m^n who thus, retired from fight. 
Studies himfelf, and feeks no other light ; 
But rooft unhappy he, who fits on high. 
Expos *d to every tongue and every eye, 
Whofe follies, blaz'd about, to all are known, 
And are a fecret to himfelf alone : 
Worfe is an evil fame, much worfe than none« 

[ iff 1 

C H L o £: 

CH LOE *s the vrorAer of acr ^rx, 
'Tis well htr hear is tei4'.T ' 
How might fuch kllVia^ trtr. ytr^ln. 
With virtue to 6tft:*d her '. 

But Nature, graciojilT ir.^ir.'it 

Nor bent to vex hut p\tk£c «Jt, 
Has to her boundlefi bw'jtv join' 4 

A bound lefs wiil to eaiie u.. 



RIGHT as the dar, ar.^ I.aa ttjt K^^tk.^xi^^* 
Such Chloe u — and coctrka as the* --4;.'. 


OF injur'dfame, and mv/Y.r'f fifr,r.'/\ ti/A.t'^^ 
Chloe complains^ and MfjsAt^j'i f x aj^'xVtf , 
Tliat free, and lavifh 'A a beaute/^s face. 
The faireft and the fouleft of Ym not, ^ 
She 's mine, or thine, iiud ftffA'nu/^ uy ktA 6</m% 
Sucks in more filth than any f.nk in v/«#r., 
I not deny, this, I have £iid 'ru *r!i< ; 
What wrong ! to give (b bri^.t a Ayrr.^ fc«r 'S «« ' 


r HO 1 

<?: o R I: N N jb 

rtORINNA>At14MV«ry«flift :^ 

^^ Wat cay to ef try I f y I • -; 
EegMlcft of the imJ i ni tnttht 

Noftftcoaip]«iaC€Oiildaia«tlHr» ' ^ 

MuJdadwwkenr d^fttfinrfat . ■ 

lAypidbaleaiidadDiaAgi. ...^^ 

The witty, hmdibiM, rich, mi gjMfy . .. .ij 
H fiia alike imploriii^ . .....:■ :.< 

9itf MhNfy grown oldy na wopud ngtit 

HerMofmBaodpMkreK - > ' 

Wida wUHng cyct, aad waiit€iiidr» 

Mt^^mm ■ iirt ijBi- ■''■'■ 'l "i' d^i 

.... ".-.: ■ . J V* 
Bvt Lofc 's a fUmmtr flower^ duit diea 

With the hrft weather changing | 
The lovir» Hlu ttie fwallow^ flies • 

From iim to fun, ftill nuiging* 

M ynif let thit eaao^ BKnrt 

Your foolrih heart t» rcafen ; 
Touth is the proper tiaie fpr }ovtp 

jLtt&afi aa Viitue** ftafi>B. 


on THE S AU 1^ 

QO well Corinna fikes die joy, 

^ Sfaevowsihe'ltnevtroi^becoy^ 

She drinks eternal dtrau^itt of plcafuit i. 
Eternal drai^hti will not fufice» 
Ah give me, give me more» flie cries, 

nris all too ISttk meafure. 

Thm wifely (he makes up for timt 
Mif-fpent while youth was ia itt priuke r 
80 travellers who wafte the day 
Caneful and cautious of their way. 
Noting at length the letting fun. 
They mend their pace as night comet on^ 
Double their ipeed to icach their inn^ 
And whip and fpur through thick and diiito. 


BELINDA'S pride 'saaamuit cheat*. 
A fooliih artifice to blind 1 
Some honed glance, that fcoma decettt 
Does ftiU reveal her native mind. 

With look demure, and forc'd difdain^ 

She idly 9&% the iaint ; 
yft fee through this difguKci ai pUw 

JU we dtftinguilh paiiU» 


The pains flie takes are vainly meant 

To hide her aoiorqus heart, 
*Tis lilfc perfuming an ill fcent, 

The fmell *s too ftrong for art. 

So have I fcen grave fools defign 
With formal looks to pafs for wife | 

But Nature is a' light will fhine. 
And break through all difguife. 

C L A R I N D A. 

IN vain a thoufand ilaves have try'd 
To overcome Clarinda's pride : 

Pity pleading. 

Love perfuading, 
When Ijer icy heart is thawM, 
Honour chides, and ftrait ihe 's aw*d. 

Foolilh creature, 

Fallow Nature, 
Wade not thus your prime j 

Youth 's a treafure, 

Love's a pleafure, 
Both deftroy*d by Time. 


C '93 ] 


CLARINDA, widi a haughty grace. 
In fcornful poftures fets her face. 
And looks as flie were born alone 
To give us love, and take from none. 

Though I adore to that degree, 
Clarinda, I would die for thee. 
If you 're too proud to cafe wy pain, 
I an} too proud for your difdain* 

C L E O R A. 

CLEORA hasherwifh, flie weds a peer, 
Her weighty train two pages fcarcc can bear, 
Pcrfia and both the Indies mud provide 
To grace her pomp and gratify her pride ; 
Of rich brocade a fliining robe flie wears. 
And gems furround her lovely neck like ftars : 
Drawn by fix greys of the proud Belgian kind^ 
Witlt a long train of livery beaux behind, 
She charms the Park, and fets all hearts on fire> 
The ladies' envy, and the mens' dcfire. 
Beholding thus, O happy as a queen ! 
We cry : but fhift the gaudy flattering fccne, 
View her at home in her domcftic light, 
For thfther Ihe muft come, at leaft at night. 

i O Wliaf 


Vhat has fhc there ? a furly, ill-bred lord. 

That chides, and fnaps her up at every word ; 

A brutal fot, who, while (he holds his head, 

With drunken 61th bedaubs the nuptial bed : 

Sick to the heart, (he breathes the naufcous fume 

Of odious fteams that poifon all the room : 

Weeping all night the trembling creature lies, 

And counts the tedious hours when fhe may rife : 

But moll ihc fears, left waking fhe Amu Id findy 

To make amends, the mooiler would be kind: 

Thofc matchlcfs beauties, worthy of a gody 

Mui\ bear, though much avcrfe, tlic loathfome load. 

What then may be the chance that next enfues ? 

Some vile difcafe fre(h reeking from the (lews : 

The fecrct venom, circling in her vein€. 

Works through her (kin, and burils in bloating ftains| 

Her checks their frenmefs lofe, and wonted grace^ 

And an unufual palenefs fpreads her face ; 

Her eyes grow dim, and her corrupted breath 

Tainting her gums, infers her ivory teeth; 

t)f Iharp nofturnal anguifh Ihe complains, 

And, guiltlefs of the caufc, relates her pains. 

I'he confciouo hufband, whom like fymptoms Icizc, 

C'tiargcs on her the guilt of their dillafc, 

Afic(^^ing fury, a6ls a madman's part. 

He '11 rip the fatal feertt from her heart ! 

Bids her confcfs, calls her ten thoufand name?. 

In vain fiie kneels, fhe weeps, protefts, exclaims ; 

Scarce with her life fhe Tcapes, expos'd to fhamc^ 

In body tortur'd, murder'd in her fame. 

Rots wiiYv ^ V\\fc ^^dultcrcfs's name j 


ON C L E O R A. 195 

Abandoned by her friends, without defence. 
And happy only in her innocence. 

Such is the vengeance the faft gods^providfe 
For thofe who barter liberty for pride ; 
Who impiouily invoke the powers above 
To witnefs to falfe vows of nvMtual love, 
Thoufands of poor Cleora's tnsty be found. 
Such hufbands and fuch wretched wives abound* 

Ye guardian powers,, the arbiters of bliis^ 
Prcicrve Clarinda from a fate like this : 
You fontiM her fair, not any grace deny'd. 
But gave, alas ! a fpark too much of pride { 
Reform that failing, and pvotedVhcr dill, 
O fave her from the curie of chufiag ill. 
Deem it not envy, or a jealous cate. 
That moves thefe wiibe8> or provokes this praycn 
Though more than death I dread toi fee thoie channt 
Allotted to Tome happier mortal's arms -, 
Tormenting thought ! yet could I bear that paio^ 
Or any ill, but beaiing her complain ; 
Intent on her, my love forgets his own. 
Her fran»es one wiih but for her fake alone ; 
Whomc'er the gods have deflin'd to prefer. 
They cannot make roe wretched,, blelfing ber» 


— wnicn 1, nis rnenci ana ic nam, tni 
On his dark forehead a falfc friend is writ none condemn the W^ht that fliews a j 
Coclcs, whofefacc finds credit for his hca 
Who can efcape fo fmooth a villain's ait ? 
Adorn'd with every ^racc that can pcrfuac 
Seeing, wetruftj and, trufting, arcbctn 
His looks are fnares ; but Macro's cry bc^ 
Believe not, though ten thoufand oaths h 
]f thou 'rt deceivM, obfcn'ing well this n 
Not Maoo is the knave, but thou thtfoo 
In this one point he and his looks agree. 
As they betray their mafter, fo did he. 


*f T7H I LE Phyllis is drinking, Love 
^ ^ aHiancc, 

With forces united bid refiftlcfs defiance; 
Bv the touch of her lips the wine fparklcs 

By cordiali of wine, love is kept from expiring, 
And our mirth it enlmn'd by love and definng j 
Relieving each other, the plqafurc is laftingi 
And wc never arc cloy.'d, yet arc cvtr a tailing. 

Then Phyllis begin, let our raptupes abound,. 
And a kifs and a glafs be dill going round ; 
Our joys are immortal while thus wc rcniove 
From love to the bottle, from the bottle to love. 


TMPATIENT with defire, at laft 
"*■ I vcntur'd to lay forms aiidc : 
'Twas I was modeft, not ihe cliallc 1 
Cclia, fo gently prcfs'd, comply 'd# 

With idle awe, an amorous fool, 
I gaz'd upon her eyes with fear ; 

Say* Love, how capie your flave (0 duU 
To read no bcttpr there ? 

Thus, to ouviclves the grcatcft foes. 
Although the nymph be well indin'dj 

For want of courage to ])ropore, 
By our own folly flic 's unkind. 

O 3 FLA- 


OF two nlkfs to eiie a lofo-fick muM. 
Flam pitforifaes doTpairt i uqp^, be kbife: 
Flanabekindi the ranedy *• •• inra* i '"*-fi^ 

*11ttliemoftpkafiuit, udibi^tickcftcviBs. > 

L O V K 

T OVE is bi^ot by Fancy, bred' 
•" By IgBoruice, by Expe^ion ftd| . _ ^ 
l>eftroy*d by Knowlcage, and at tcft' J 

Loft in the oioment 'tis poiTcft. 


WOMEN tocar^s maybe comparMt we play 
A pound -or two 4 when us'd, we throw away ; 
Take a freih pack ; nor is it worth our grieving. 
Who cuts or ihuffles with our dirty leaving. 


LOVE is l^ Fancy led about. 
From Hope to Fear, from Joy to Doubt | 
Whom we now a goddcfs call. 
Divinely grac'd in every feature. 
Strait 't « deform'd, a perjur'd creatow : 

Lore awl Hate aic fancy aU. Tia 

O N . F A N C Y. 199 

Tit but u Ftncy iXiall prcfent 
Obje6b of grief, or of content. 
That the lover 'tbieft, or dies; 

Vifions of mighty pains, or pleafure, 
Imagin'd want, imagined trcafure. 
All in powerful Fancy lies. 


*T» HOUGH fafe thou think'ft thy treafure lies, 
■*" ConceaPd in chefts from human eyes, 
A fire may come, and it may be 
Bury*d, my friend, as far from thcc. 
Thy vcfTcl that yon ocean ftems, 
Loaded with golden duft and gems. 
Purchased with fo much pains and coft. 
Yet in a temped may be loft. 
Pimps, whores, and bawds, a thanklefi creu*, 
Priefts, pick-pockets, and lawyers too. 
All help by levcral ways to drain, 
Thanking themfelves for what they gain. 
The liberal are fccurc alone. 
For what we frankly give, for ever is our own. 


Wrltrcn in Clahtda's Prajcr-BocL, 

T N T^:n, Csnzf 2, aj^ z^ dar 
■*- Fcr Qcrcy to :ii« gods \tow pray r 
Wliat a.-ro^sce on teavci: ro call 
For liar, nrich you deny ro All ! 

TTT H Y pises my dcu- ? to Fulria, his yoinigbride» 
^^ Who pcniiTe lat, dius aged Cornus ay'd. 
A!as ! bzl fhcy fuch^fioos brak hit red. 
The fincgeit thoughts * I think I am paficft : 
2^Iy iymptoics I have tokl a man of (kill. 
And — :f 1 v.ould— hcfays— -I mighr — be well: 
Taks his adrice, he, niy poor dear wife, 
I *!i bxiv at any rate thy precious life. 
Bluisinr (zc would cxculc, but all in \-aiD, 
A docicr n-.-it be fcrch'd to eaic her pain. 
Hird p:.:Vi, llic \:c.di : frcm White's, or Will's, oi 

No ir.irrcr v.r*:ch, he 's'd, and he comes. 
The carcf-ji hulDaRd, v. i:h a kind enibnce, 
Er.trc:!:^ b.i cue : then "rows, 3r:d quits the place; 
F,i l:::!:. ^hxijr.ts c:t' attend the fair. 
Net dcct-t ioi a huiii:d s eye cr tzj, 

2 Some- 

O N " F tr L V I A. «#l 

Something the dame would fay ; the rea^ knight 
Prevents her fpcech— Here 's that fhall ftt yo« right j 
Madam, faid he— >- with that the door's made dofisj 
He gives deliciouily the healing dofe. 
Alas ! (he cries ; ah me ! ah cruel cure ! 
Did ever woman yet like rae endure ! 
The work performed ; uprifing gay and lights 
Old Cornus is call'd in to fee the fight. 
A fprightly red vermilion's all her face. 
And her eyes languifh with unufual grace. 
With tears of joy frefli gufhing from his eyes, • 
O wondrous power of art ! old Cornus cries ; 
Amazing change! afionifliing fucci^i>! ^ 

Thrice happy I ! what a brave man is this ! 
Maids, wives, and widows, with like whims poilcjR^ 
May thus find certain eafc — P^abafum eft. 

TO C E L I A. 

'ITyT H Y, cruel creature, why fo bent 
^^ To vex a tender heart ? 
To gold and title you relent, 
Love throws in vain his dart. 

Let glittering fools in courts be great 

For pay let armies move ; 
Beauty (hould have no other bait 

Bu: ^cn:lc vows and love. 



ft04 LANSDO|in|^'a) POEMS. 

To her own wool the filk of Afia ioiiit» 
ABdtoh^pl^tfyfou^|^)rvd|i,J(Di|i^,^^^ . ^ j •» 
Sh'iyijitQ,^ not contented with the fiune 

To lands ranote icaids forth hit learned Mufe, 

The nobl^%4fcjjfe^Fir|(i^ .h - A 

Feaftingour jb^^fi}:n»9«|r|YMi«mw^a^i« . iiH *^- 

Say, it'tthyhoniilyroyiAj.ftlMlftKtfmiA^^^^ 

That, by com|>9im^.Q|Wq?b: AU.'iiifl^Aft'' •• • r ji/1 

rBK^ftcii^fi^ WKjNllfm«tt'd<^tl^a. 

between her Gjjii^ tjjie ,PuM;lM;ft of (JRAASfMI 
and the Lord CJ|»c^ Jtqil^.j;^ .,j,c o' ?i« i xl/f 

•*- Th^Qiiee^af ^(4y«ewU}^FrQwiic«iUbdffead^ ' 

Secure ihe looksp as cemin none cyi fte 
Such beauty plead » aod not her captive be* 
What need of word) with fuch coreaanding eye) ! ) 
Muit I then fpcak } Q heaTens I the f harmer cries ; 
O barbarous clime, ivhere beauty bpriowt aid 
From eloquence, tq charm, or %p peifuade ! 
Will Difcord never leave with envious Care 
To raife debate? But Difeprd governs here. .. „ ■ 

To Juno, Palla§, \yifdocn, Fa^c, and Power, 
Long fmce prefcrr'd> what trial needs thfirp more ? " ^ 
Confcft to fight, three goddeffa dei«^d 
Oa Ida*^ Hlll^ ai^Jd % ^ pij^e ^^n/b^da . . & 

.. - ' Nobly 

[ to3 } 


A S flo\iTers tranijOantcd from a fouthem fkf 
*^ -^ But hardly bear, or m ihe raifing di<^, 
MiiliDgtlicir native fun, at bcft rctam 
But a. him odaui^y an^ iurvive with p^i^n : 
Thuts ancicut ^vit, in modern uumbt^rs taiiglitf 
Wanting the wartnth with which its author wrote, 
I s a dead inizgCf ^n d ^a jcn lei c f^ d ra u ghc ; 
While we transftifc, the nhnblc fyhh flk^# 
Efcapcs utifccn, evaporates, and dici. 
A\^ho then to copy RomaQ wit defirc, 
IVluft tmkate whh Roman force and firci 
In ck^^ance of ftyle and phrafetbe fame. 
And in the fparklmg gtnmi and the f!ame t 
Whence we conclude from thy trinflatcd fong, 
So \ui\f fci fmoodif fo fofl^ and yet fo llroog, 
CeleAlal charmer ^ foul cf harmony ! 
That every genius was revived in thee, 
Thy tnimiiet founds , the dead ar« ra*s*d to Jight, 
l^ever to die, and take to heaven their HSght, 
Deckt in thy vfrie, as clad wjth rayi they ihinc, 
Ji\[ glorify ^d, immortat, and dtvinCy 

As Britain in rich fott abounding wide, 
f umifh'd for uJe, for lujtury , and pfide^ 
Ifet fpreads her wanton tills oa every ihore . 


Thf Srre Omnipofcut prepares the brand 

By Vulcan wrought, and arms his potent h^-nd. 

Then dzniing hurb it hifimg from above, 

And in the vail nbyfs confbond^ the mimic Jove* 

Pr^fumpitioiis wretch ? with mortal art to dare 

Immortal power, and hranre ihe TtHind*rcr, 

Cjfr^OpCi prcfcrriiisr with difdam 
Her dauglittr to the Ncreifis, they complain : 
The daughter, for the mothcr't giiiky ^om. 
Is doom'd to be defour'd ; the morhcf 's borne 
Above the clouda, where by immonal li^ht 
Reversed flje fl)ines, tJtpos*d fo hiftnan fjght. 
And to a fliameftil pofture i: con&fi'd^ ( 

A^ an cttrriat terror to mankrnd. 
Did thus the gods fuch priv.itc nymphs protcfV* 
Whjit vcBgeance might the Quttn of Love cxpc^? 
But grant fuch arbitrary pleais »rc v^i?> I 

Wav'd let chcm be J mere julhce fhal I obtain : I 

Who to a hufband belter eaA Gum^ > 

Than his lov*d wih^ the paitner of lik lied^f -i 

Or to a father's righrla^ ftioiigercUHiD, 
Than the dear yonth in whom fuwivas }m=iisamt P *li 
Behold that youth, cbn^der whence hr^itagt, • 
And in his royal veins re^^ yoiir kii^ $ 
Immortal Jove upon a mortal (k» * 
Begat his fire : fecond from Jove ifr He* v- 

Wei 1 did the father blindty fight your ckvik, 
Folloxving the cry of liberty and lav^Sy 
] f by thofe laws, for which he loft hir life, . 
"Y ou tjoA u>^[^t$vaUt( the &A^a&d mfil* • . 
- Wha 

What need I more ? 'twere treaibn to difpute? 
The grant was royal : that decides the fuit : 
Shall vulgar laws imperial power conftrain } 
Kings and the gods can never sl&. in vain. 

She finifh*d here, the queen of every grace, 
Difdain vermilioning her heavenly face ; 
Our hearts take fire, and all in tumult rife. 
And one wifh fparkles in a thoufand eyes. 
O might fome champion finifh thcfc debates. 
My fword fhould end what now my MuTe relates. 
Up ro(e the judge, on each (rde be ndrng low, 
A crafty fmilc accompanies his bow ; 
UiyfTes-like, a gentle paufc he makes. 

Then, raifmg by degrees his voice, he i^ks r 
In you, my lords, who judge, and all that hear, 

Methinks I read your\vifljcs for the fair; 

Nor can I wonder } even I contend 

With fecret pain, unwilling to oficnd ; 

Unhappy, thus oblig'd to a defence 

That may difpleafe fnch heavenly excellence. 

Might we the laws on any terms abufe. 

So bright an influence were the beft excu(e. 

Let Niobe's juft doom, the vilcdifgrace 

Of the Propctides polluted race. 

Let death, or ihamc, or lunacy, furprize. 

Who dare to match the luftrc of her eyes : 

Aloud the fairefl of the lex complain 

Of captives loft, and loves invok'd in vain : 

At her appearance all tlieir brightncfs ends, 

Thpfc ilars of beauty fct when (he afceods. 


Where LoTc prtfic^e<»r fiiH may (he Ix^ar die pii 
But rigid law h^i ncitlier cars nov vy^ t 
ChEirms to %^hi(;h Mits and lltrc^jlcii wtiuld how» 
Mino^ and Rhadamaiithu*i d^jkvovv : 
IJuftice, by nuthiog biafs'd or iodin'd, 
' l>eaf to pcH'u^ifion, to temptation biuid. 
Determines i^vithout favour, isnd the laws 
,ttt'' Overlook the parties I to decide: the cauic* 
What then avails it that » beard kl~^ buy 
Took a rafh fency for a fciD^tc toy ? 
Th' infulted Argives with a niimi:rous holt 
Pdrfue rcvernge, and iktk the Darda^n coail : 
Though the gtjds buik, and though the gods dd 
KThofth^fry towers the holtilc Grtsik* afc*^d, 
^or Lave xhtsy till tU« to^vn in atheii lies, 
' And all the race of royal PiriHin <\ic&. 
The qtiteii of Pajihos miiting in die fmy 
RalUcis the troop*, and urges on the d^y^ 
In peribn in tlie foii:motl tiinks ihc Hands, 
Provokes the<:ba|ge, directs, alfiftsg|.q|pamd9r 
Stem Diomed, advancing high in ajyr 
His fcather'd g^yelia, ftnkes the l^vcijly fairi 
The vaulted ikies with her loud fhii^tt jTflpundj 
And high Olympus trembles at the wc^mid. 
In caufes jufl ihould all the gods qppp(c, . 
'Twere honed to difpute i fo Cato choie« 
Difmifs that plea, and what ihall,b)oodf!{^i 
If beauty is deny 'dy ihall birth avaHf^ f 
Blood and high deeds in diflant ages^OAe^ . 

Are ouc forefathers merit, not q^x owOf 

■ •"'■' * ^ 



Might none a juft poiTdfion be allowed, 

But thofc who could bring defert or boaft of blood , 

What numbers^ even here, might be condemned. 

Strip d and defpoii'd of all, revil'd, contemn'd ! 

Take a juft view, how many may remark 

Who 's now a lord, his grandfire was a clerk : 

Then, O beware, nor do thofe robes deipiic. 

But honour that, from whence your honours rife. 

How dear to Britain a.c her darling laws ! 

What blood has flje cot la/ilh'd in their caufe ? 

Kings are the common ilaves to (laughter led, 

Or wander through the world to beg their bread. 

Such fatal precedents might awe the throne 

From lawlefs grants : who gives what 's not thtir own. 

The gift is void : 'twere a cheap way to clear 

The crown accounts, by robbing from the bar ! 

That power which takes from me, may force from you : 

To your own intercfts— you wtre ever true : 

Conlider that : I plead but your own caufe : 

Give fentence then, prote£^, maintain the laws. 

He fpoke. The princes differ, and divide ; 

Some follow law, and fome with beauty fide. 

So once th' apoftate angels brav*d the |H)\vct 

Whom they were wont to worfhip and implore : 

Like impious is their rage, who have in chacc 

A new omnipotence in Grafton's face. 

Bold Rochefter, undaunted, juft, and wife, 

AlTerts the goddels with the charming cyc^ : 

Beauty her orders, like th' Almighty, lends, 

And Rochefter^ like Michael, cleaves the iicndb : 

P And 

And O may Beauty never want reward 
For rhec, her noble champion, and her guard. 
Beauty triumphs, and Law fubmitting lies, 
The tyrant tam'd, aloud for mercv cries : 
Conqueft can never fail in radiant Grafton's eyes. 



U P O N T H E 


nPHOUGH built by gods, confum'd by hoftik flame 
■*• Troy bury'd lies, yet lives the Trojan name ; 

And fo Ihall (hine> though with thefe u'alls were loft 

All the records thy anceftors could boaft. 

For Latium conquer'd, and for Tumus (lain, 

^ncas lives, though not one (lone remain 

Where he arofc : nor art thou lefs renown'd 

For thy loud triumphs on Hungarian ground. 

Thofe arms which for nine centuries had brav'd* 

The wrath of time, on antic llonc engravM, 

Now torn by mortars, fland yet undefac'd 

On nobler trophies by thy valour rais'd : [ 

* The r.rms of his family, at that time flill remaining 
on one of tlic gates of the town. j 


'"" »"' "/END „,, 


C ^l^ 3 

SO N G. 

TO M Y R A. 


Tn H E happieft mortals once were we, 
**■ . I l,ov'd Myra, Myra me ; 

Each deiirous of the bleffing, 

Nothing wanting but polTclfing ; 
I lov'd Myra, Myra me. 
The happieft mortals once were we. 

But fince cryel fates diflever. 
Torn from Love, and torn for ever. 

Tortures end me, 

Death befriend me ; 
Of all pains the greateft pain 
Is to love — and love in vain. 

IT O F L A V I A. 

Her Gardens having efcaped a Flood that had 
dcftroyed all the Fruits of the Ground in her 

WH AT hands divine have planted and proteft. 
The torrent fpares, and deluges refpeft ; 
So when the waters o'er the world were fpread. 
Covering each oak, and every mountain's head, 

a The 

T e> !F L A V I A. ai^ 

The choGa Noah UM within his ark» 
Nor might the wmM a*envbclm the facced Wk» 

The charming Flavia is no Icfs, we find, 
The favourite of heaven than of mankind ; 
The gods, like rivals, imitate our care, 
And vie with mortals to ob]ige the fair ; 
Thcfe favours, thus beftow'd on her alone, 
Arc but the homage that they fend her down. 
O Fiavia, may thy virtue from above 
Be crown'd with bleflings endlcfs as thy love ! 

Written in a Novel, entitled, Les Malheu'r9 
Dfi l'Amour. 

TTASTE to Clannda, and reveal 
•*•-*' Whatever pains poor lovers feel i 
When that is done, then tell the fair 
That I endure much more for her. 
Who'd truly know Love*s power orfmart, 
Mud view fier eyes, and read my heart, 




A S quiet monarchs, that on pe'^ceful thrones 
^ "^ Ifi rports and rcveU lonj^ Iiad rcij^nM likedroocay 
Pvouzi.ig at length, reflect v.iti; guilt and (hame 
That net one ftroke had yet Uen given for fame ; 

P J V(«\ 


Wart they detiouiioe» and, to redeem die pafl. 

To boldattetliftt and ragged laboun haAe. 

Our poet (b with like concern nmcwn 

The youthfol follici of lut kve-fick Mufe f 

To amorous toilt> and to the ^\eat grawe^ • 

To Beauty*! (iiares, and to deoeilf q| Love, 

Ke ^di fareiwcil t hit ihield and bnoe piepmty ^ 

And niouaCi the flage to* Ind imnMial ««n. 

^I^ce, like fome monfter, Aiflcring none f efcafC^. 

Has feiz'd ibetown, and ^vatieft fHll her Ifaapch 

Herei like a general » Ibe ftnits in flate. 

While crowds in red and hlue her qiders w^if- 

iWre, like ibme penBve fiatefman, walks deonnc^ 

And fmilesy and hiigs, to ihake ddftraftion font 

Now under high commodea, with looks tte^p . ^• 

Barefac'd devouiy^ in gaudy coknin deck'd | k 

Then, in a tizardi to evold .grinnce^ 

Allows all freedom, but to fee the face. 

In pulpits and^t bar ihe wears a gown. 

In camps a fword« in palaces a crown. 

Refolv'd to combat with this motley beaft. 

Our poet comes to ftrike one ftroke at leaft. 

His glafs he means 'not for this jilt or beau. 

Some features of you all he hopes to Ihow, 

On chofen heads nor lets the thunder fall, 

Bnrfcattershis artillery at -all. 

Yet to the fair he fain would quarter fliow. 

His tender heart recoils at every blow ; 

If unawares he give too fmart a ihpoke. 

He means but to corre£l, and not provoke* 




By Mrs. Bracegirdlb in Mens Cloaths. 

T Who have been the poet's fpark to-day, 

* Will now become the champion of his play. 

Know all, who would pretend to my good grace, 

I mortally diflike a damning face. 

PIcasM or difpleasM, no matter now 'tis pad, 

The firft who dares be angr}' breathes his laft : 

Who (hall prefume to doubt my will and pleafore, 

Him I defy to fend his weapon\s meafure : 

If war you chufe, and blood inuft needs be fpilt here, 

By Jove, let me alone to match your tilter, 

1 '11 give you futisfadion if I can ; 

'Sdeath^ 'tis not the fird time Tvc kilPd my man. 

On pain of being polled to your ibrrow, 

Faii not, at four, to meet mchcre to-morrow. 

P 4 B P I. 

[ ii6 J 

E P I L O O U E 

T O T * E 


EACHinhitturnrthe Poet*» andthePkiefttf . 
Have view*d the ftag^, but like falfe proj^wu gocftji 
The m«n of te»U ia his religious lage^ 
Would filence poets^ and reduce die ftage. 
The poet, raiUy to get dear, retorts 
Od kings the fcandal, and beipatters courts. 
Both err : for, without mindng, to be plain^ 
The guile 's your own of every odious fcene. 
The prefent time ftill gives the ftage its mode ; 
The vices that you pradHfe we explode : 
We hold the glafs, and but refle6( your ihame. 
Like Spartans, by expofing, to reclaim. 
The fcribler, pinch*d with hunger, writes to dine. 
And to your genius mud conform his line; 
Not lewd by choice, but merely to fubmit ; 
Would you encourage fcnfe, fenfe would be writ. 

Good plays we try, which after the firft day 
Unfcen we a61:, and to bare benches play ; 
Plain fenfe, which picas'd your fires an age ago. 
Is loft, without the garniture of fhow. 

* Mr. Dryden, in his prologue to the Pilgrim. 
+ Mr. Collier, in his View of the Stage. 

A vaft 


At Taft expence we liiboar to our ruin. 
And court yoar ftvoor with our own undoing i ' 

A war of profit mitigates the evil, 
But to be tax*d— and beaten— is the devil. 
How was- the fcene forlorn, and how defpis'd. 
When Timon without mufic moraliz'd ; 
Shakefpeare *s fublime in vain cntic'd the throng 
Without the aid of Purccll's Syren fong ! 

In the fame antique loom thefc fcenes were wrought, 
Embcllilh'd with good morals and juft thought. 
True nature in her nobleft light you fee, 
Ere yet debauched by modem gallantry 
To trifling jefts, and fulfome ribaldry : 
What ruft remains upon the ihining mafs. 
Antiquity muft privilege to pafs. 
'Tis Shakefpcare's play, and if thefe fcenes mifcarry. 
Let Gormon * take the flage— or Lady Miry f- 




POETS by obfervation find it true, 
*Tis harder much to pi cafe tlicmfclves than you : 
To weave a plot, to work and to refine 
A labour'd fcene, to polifti every line, 

* A famous prize-fii^hter, 
■•|- A famous ropc-daiittr. 



Judgment mufl fweat, and feci a mother's pains ; 
Vain fools ! thus to diburb and rack their braiiu. 
When more indulgent to the writer s cale. 
You are too good to be fo hard to plcafc : 
No fuch conviiifive pangs it will require 
To write— the pretty things which you admire. 
Our author then, to pleafe you in your way, 
Prefents you now a bauble of a piay ; 
In.gingling rhyme, well fortify*d and ftroog. 
Me fights entrenched o*er head and ears in fong. 
If here and there fonu: e^'il -fated line 
Should chance, through inadvertency, to iliine. 
Forgive him, beaux ; be nieans you no oflence, 
But begs you, for the love of fong and dance. 
To pardon— all the poetry and fenfe. 



"^TT IT once, like Beauty, without art or drcfs, 

^ ^ Naked and unadorned, could find fucccfb. 
Tin by fruition novelty deftroy'd, 
The nymph muft find new charms to be enjoy'd. 
As by his equipage the man you prize. 
And ladies muft have gems befide their eyes ; 
So fares it too with plays, in vain we write 
Unlefs the mufic orthe fhow invite. 
Not Hamlet clears the charges of the night. 
Would you but fix fome ftandard how to move, 
We would transform to any thing you love : 



Judge-onr define by our co(l and pains, 
Sure 'ntexpcoeCf vnoertain in our geina. • 
liut though wc fetch from Italy and France 
Our fopperies of tune and mode of dance. 
Our fturdy Britons fcorn to borrow fenfc. 
However to foreign fafhions we fubmit, 
Still every fop prefers his mother-wit. 
In only wit tliis conl^ancy is (hown. 
For never \«bs that arrant changeling known. 
Who, for another's fcnfc, would quit his-owji. 
In all things clic to love of change inclin'd. 
Scarce in two following fcinons can we find 
That politician— but has chang'd his mind : 
But fure fuch patriots change not, but forget, 
'Tis want of memory, the curfc of wit. 
Our author would excufe thefe youthful fcenes.. 
Begotten at his entrance in his teens j 
Some childifh fancies may appro\'e the toy. 
Some like the Mufe the more — for being a boy ; 
And ladies ihould be pleas 'd, though not content. 
To find fo young a thing not impotent. 
Our ftagc reformers too he would difarni, 
In charity fo cold, in zeal fo warm; 
And therefore, to atone for pad abufcs, 
Aod gain the church-indulgence for the Mufea, 
He gives his thirds to charitable ufcs* 




? 7. O L o G r z 

X"* r VI v.-T. : v-Tf: ': t r.r-^-T.:n fnt. 

^VTT r-d J i.^C TLi Irr:: zi^ :.z^i. ' 

:: L E L' S 

A M A S Q^ U E. 


Pcleus, in love with Thetis, by the afliftanccof Proteus, 
obtains her favour ; but Jupiter intcrpofing, Pelcus 
in defpair conlulrs Prometheus, famous for his (kill 
in aftrology ; upon whofe prophecy, that the fon bora 
of Thetis fliould prove greater than his father, Jupiter 
defifts. The prophecy was aftenvards verified in the 
birth of Achilles, the ion of Thetis by Peleus* 


Jupiter, | Prometheus. 
Peleus. I Thetis. 

Prometheus appears upon Mount Caucafus chained to t 
rock, with the vulture at his bread. Pcleus enters^ 
addrcflig him (elf to Prometheus. 


COndemn'd on Caucafus to lie, 
Still to be dying, not to die, 
With certain pain, uncertain of relief 
Tnw emblem of a wretched lover's grief ! 

To whole mipe£ting eye 'tis givea 
To view the plaoetsry xvny. 
To penetrate e^eniil day, ■ r .r : - 
And to revolve the ihury heaven ; 
To thee, Prometheus^ I complain* . 
And bring a heart arfiiii of pain. ^ 

Paom. Prom Jupiter ipriog all our iHoet,, 

Thetis u Jove's, who once was thine { 
Tkvain, OPeleut, tooppofe . «• 

Thy tortnm^-^-and mine. 
Contented with defpair, ... . 

O wretched man t reiign 
Whom you adore, or eHe prqMre r 

For change of tormenta, great aa mine*. 
'Tis vain, O Peleus, to oppoie 
Thy torturer and mine. 
Pel. In change of torments^ would be eafe r 

Could you divine what lovers bear. 
Even you, Prometheus, would confefi 
There is no vulture like Defpair. 

PfLOM. Ceafe, cruel Vulture, to devour*. 
"Pbl, Ceafe, cruel Thetis, to difdain. 


The. Peleus, unjuftly you complain. 
Prom. Ceafe, cruel Vulture, to devour* 
Pel. Ceafe cruel Thetis, to difdain* 
The. Peleus, unjullly you complain^ 

The gods, alas ! no refuge find 
From ills refiftlefs fates ordain t 

X ftill am true — and would be kind* TEhq 

PkL« To'lov^ and to langui/h, 
' .' Tafigfa'^alidrTRPiDplaiiir . . 

How killing 's the aiigui(I>r 
How tormenting the pain ! 
O the curie of difdain, 
Haw tormenting *s the pain ? 

To love, &x. 
The. Accurfed Jealoufy, 
Thou jaundice in the lover's eye, 
Through which all obje£b falfc wc fec^ 
Accurfed Jealouiy ! 
Thy rival, Pelcus, rules the (ky. 

Yet I fb prize thy love, 
With Peleus I would chufe to die. 
Rather than live with Jove. 


But ice, the mighty Thunderer 's here j 

Tremble, Peleus, tremble, fly ; 
The ThunSerer ? the mighty Thunderer ! 

Tremble, Peleus, tremble, fly. 

A full 


A full Chorus of all the Voices and Inftruments while 
Jupiter is defcending. 


But fee, the mighty Thunderer *s here ; 

Tremble, Pelcus, tremble, fly; 
The Thunderer ! the mighty Thunderer ! . 

Tremble, Peleus, tremble, fly. 


JuP. Prefumptuous flave, rival to Jove, 

How dar'ft thou, mortal, thus defy 
A goddefs with audacious love. 

And irritate a god with jealoufy ? 
Prefumptuous mortal, hence— 
Tremble at omnipotence. 

Pel. Arm'd with love, and Thetis by, 
I fear no odds 
Of men or gods. 
But Jove himfclf defy. 

Jove, lay thy thunder down ; 
Arm'd with love, and Thetis by. 

There is nrore terror in her frown, 
And fiercer lightning in her eye : 
I fear no odds 
Of men or gods. 
But Jove himftlf defy. 


JVTm Brinj; melig^iogy give me thunder 1 
Hafle, yc Cyclops^ ynth your forked rodt» 

This rebel Love braves all the godt. 

And every hour by Love is made 

Some heaven -defying encelade. 
Bring me lightning, give me thunder. 
Pel. and Thet. Jove may kill, but ne'er fliall fundcr. 
J 17 p. Bring me lightning, give me thunder. 
Pel. and Thet. Jove may kill, but ne'er (hall funder. 

Thet. Thy Jove ftill arm'd with fate 
Is dreadful as thy hate : 

O might it prove to me. 
So gentle Peleus were bujt free^ 

O ndight it prove to me 
As fatal as to loft conftuning StmeU > 
Thy love flill arm'd uith fau 
Is dreadful as thy hate. 

Prom. Son of Saturn, take advice 

From one, whom thy fcrcre decree 
Has fumifh'd Icifurc to grow wife : 

Thou rul'ft the gods, but Pate rules thtc. 
Whoe'er th' immortal maid comprefling 
Shall tafle the joy, and reap the bleiling, 

Thus th* unerring ftars advifc : 
From that aufpicious night an heir (hall rife^ 

Paternal glories to out-iUine, 
And be the grcateft of his line. 


JUP. Shall then the fim of Sttim be i 

like Satuniy by sm impious Ibii ! 

Juftly th' impartial fatet con^iin^ 

Dooming that (on to be the fire - 

Of foch anotfaeribn* 

Confdout of iHi Aat I havc'i 

My fears to prudence ibali wMm, 
And guilt, that made me great, ftnUnakeiMlHftw''; ; 
'Thi firtal Ueffing I lefigtt I 

Peleusy take the maid diTiiiex .^.r ^' 

Jove con&ntii^, ihe b diinet 
The^italbleffinglrefign, V^:,. 'S 

Pel. Heaven had ben loft, had I been Jqi«t.^: o 
There is no hea^icn like mutiud loiv. :i.I\. 

Jup. to Pkom. Anddioo, iBtm tMVMpRMttl 
Tis juft I fet thee free, 
Who giv'ft me libeity I 
Arife, and be thyftlf a Bar, 
'Til juft I fct thcc free. 
Who giv'ft me liberty, 

IThe Vulture drops dead ut the feet 0/ Trwnetbems^ Hi ehauu 
fall off, and be is home up to heaven vitb Ji^ir, U < 
hud flourifi of all the mujicj 

Pel. Fly, fly to my arms, to my arms^ 
Goddefs of immortal charms ! 
To my arms, to my arms, fly, fly, 

Godd^ of tranipordog joy i 

6 But 


On thy hee, 

r gentle hand thus piefling, 
eavenly, heavenly bleffing. 

O my foul ! 
ither, whither art thou flying ? 
in iweet tumultuous dying, 
ither, whither art thou flying, 

O my (bul ! 

HET. You tremble, Peleus-— So do I : 

lay, and weMl together die. 

ortal, and of race divine, 

Ibul (hall take her flight with thine : 

di£blving in delight, 

ing breafls, and iwimming flght, 

»ring fpeech, and gafping breath, 

icoms of delicious death, 

diflblving in delight, 

bul is ready for the flight. 

O my (bul ! 
her, whither art thou flying } 
n fweet tumultuous dying, 
her, whithef art thou flying, 

O my (bul I 

L. andTHET. 

' [ O my (bul, Scc^ 

dj^ C H O- 


CHORUS of all the Inftrumenu and Voices. 
Singing and Dancing. 

WTien the ftorm is blown pver. 

How blcft is tbe fwain. 
Who begins to difcover 

An end of his pain. 

When the ilonSy &c« 

Written under Mrs. Hare's Name upon a 
Drinkii^g Glaft. 

TH E^ods of wine, and wit, and love» prepare 
With chearful bowlt tp celebrate the falri 
Love is enjoin'd to name his favourj^e toaft« 
And Hare's the goddefs that deligjici him moft ; 
Phoebus approves, and bids the trumpets found. 
And Bacchus, in a bumper, fends it round. 

Written under the Dutchefi of Bolton*8 Nam^ 
upon a Drinking-Glafs. 

T OV E 's keceneft darts are charming Bolton's care, 
•■^ Which the bright goddefs poifons with defpair i 
The God of Wine the dire effeft forcfees. 
And fends the juice that gives the lover eaic. 

A Latin 

C *i9 3 

ALatzn Iir scftiPTioir onaMEDAtfoT 

T^Roximus & (imilis regnas Ludovice toiianti» 
'*' Vim fummam, fumma cum pietate gens : 
Magnus & expanfis alls, fed maximus armisy 

Protegis hinc Anglos, Teutonet inde ferii. 
Quin coeant toto Titania foedcra Rhcno, 

Ilia aquilam tantum, Gallia fulmen habet* 

Englished, and applied to the Qjj & b n* 

•Vr EXT to the Thunderer let Anna Hand, 
^^ In piety fupremey as in command, 
Fam'd for vi6l:Qriou8 arms and generous aid. 
Young Auftria's refuge, and £erce Bourbon*s dread : 
TItanian leagues in vain (hall brave the Rhine, 
When to the Eagle YOU the Thunder join. 

To Her Grace the Dutcheft of H a m i lt o n. 

A WAKR, bright Hamilton, arifc, 
-^ ^ Goddefs of Love, and of the Day, 
Aw:ikc, difclofc thy charming eyes, 
Ahd Ihow the fun a brighter ray : 

Q^$ Phoebus 


Phoebus in vain calls forth the blufhing morn, 
fie but creates the day, which you adorn. 

The lark, that wont with warbling throat 

Early to falute the fkies. 
Or deeps, or clfe fufpends his note^ 

Difclaiming day till you arife. 
Goddefs awake, thy beams display, 

Reftore the univerfe to light ; 
When Hamilton appears, then dawns the day. 
And when ihe difappears, begins the night. 

Lovers, who watchful vigils keep. 
For lovers never, never flecp ! 
Wait for the rifmg of the fair. 
To offer fongs and hymns of prayer. 

Like Perfians to the fun : 
Even life and death and fate are there. 
For in the rolls of ancient defliny 

Long fince 'twas noted down. 
The dying (hall revive, the living die. 

But as you fmile or frown. 

Awake, bright Hamilton, arife, 

Goddefs of Love, and of the day, 
Awake, difclofe thy charming eyes. 
And fhew the fun a brighter ray : 
Phoebus in vain calls forth the blufhing mom, 
He but creates the day, which you adorn. 


[ 131 ] 

A N E S 8 A Y 



A S when fomc image of a charming face, 

•^^ In living paint, an artill tries to trace, 

He carefully confults each beauteous line, 

Adjulling to his obje£^ his defign ; 

W^c prailc the piece, and give the painter fame, 

But as the bright refcmblancc fpcaks the dame. 

Poets are limners of another kind. 

To copy out ideas in the mind ; 

Words are the paint by which their thoughts arc ihown^ 

And Nature is their objcft to be drawn ; 

The written pi6hire we applaud or blame, 

]3ut as the jull proportions arc the fame. 

Who, driven with ungovernable fire, 

Or, void of art, beyond thefc bounds afpirc. 

Gigantic forms and monilrous births alone 

Prpsiucc, which Nature (liock'd difdains to own. 

liy true rcfie6lion I would fee my face. 

Why brings the fool a magnifying-glafs ? 

•* But poetry in fidlion takes delight, 

** And mounting in bold figures out of fight, 

** leaves Truth behind in her audacious flight t 

** Fables and metaphors, that always lie, 

^* And rafli hyperboles that foars fo high, 

^' And every ornament of verfe mull die. 

0^4 Miftake 


MilUke mc not : no figures I czcludcy 

And but forbid intemperance, not food. 

Who would with care fome happy fifiion frame. 

So mimics truth, it looks the very fame. 

Not rais'd to force, or feign'd in Nature's fcom, 

Dut meant to grace, illuftrate, and adorn : 

Important truths dill let your fables hold. 

And moral myftcries with art unfold ; 

Ladies and beaux to pleafe, is all the talk. 

But the Oi?.rp critic will in(lru£bion a(k. 

As veils Tanfpaicnt cover, but not hide. 

Such mctapliois appear, when right apply'd; 

W hen through the phrafewe plainly fee the fcnfe. 

Truth with fuch obvious meanings will difpenfe. 

The reader what in reafon 's due believes. 

Nor can wc call that falfe which not deceives : 

ilypcrboUb fo daring and (b bold» 

Dil'daining bounds, are yet by rules control'd ; 

AiH)vc ilu- cloudi, but yet within our fight, 

Tlicy mount with Truth, and make a towering flight. 

Pi denting tilings impoflible to view, 

'{ hey waniicr through incredible to true : 

FAlichoudi tlms mix'd like mcrals are refin'd. 

And tiuth, lik«- I'llvcr, leaves the drols behind. 

Thu:» PiHiiy has ample Ipacc to Ibar, 

>.or ncfil^ i'.iibivlden regions to explore; 

Such var.rifs as liiswho cun with patience read. 

Who th;: . ilcluibcs his hero when he 's dead ? 

*• In heal of aC ti«>n llain, yet icorns to fall, 

" Bur itili inaiat.uns the war^ and li^lus at— All.** 

I Tiie 


The aoify cnlTeiinp o'^charg'cly lets fly. 
And buiib, unaimihgt In die rmded iky $ 
Such fnuitic flights are like a madman't drtam, 
And Nature fuffew in the wild extreme. 
The captit'eCanibal, oppreft with chaint, 
Yet braves his foes, reviles, proYokes, difdainsf 
Of nature fierce, untameable, and proud. 
He bids defiance to the gaping croud. 
And fpent at laft, and fpeechlefs as he lies, 
With fiery glances mocks their rage, and dies* 
This is the utmoft ftretch that Nature can. 
And all beyond is fulibme, fJEilfe, and vain. 
The Roman wit, who impioufly divides 
His hero and his gods to different fides, 
I would condemn, but that, in ipite of ftnft/, 
Th' admiring world fHll ftands in his defence t 
The gods permitting traitors to fucceed« 
Become not parties in an impious deed. 
And, by the tyrant's murder, we may find. 
That Cato and the gods were of a mind. 
Thus forcing truth with fuch prepoflerous praife, 
Our chara£iers we leflen, when we'd raife ; 
Like caAles builc by magic art in air. 
That vanifh at approach, fuch thoughts appear; 
But rais'd on truth by fome judicious hand. 
As on a rock tliey fhall for ages ibnd. 
Our king return'd, and banifh'd peace rcdor'd. 
The Mufc ran mad to fee her exil'd lord ; 
On the crack'd (lage the Bedlam herees roar'd. 
And fcarce could fpeak one reafonable word : 



I>rydcn himfelf, to pleafe a frantic age, 

Was forcM to let his judgment ftoop to rage } 

To a wild audience he conform'd his voice, 

Comply'd to cufiom, but not err'd through choice. 

Deem then the people's, not the writer's fin, 

Almanfor's rage, and rants of Maximin ; 

That fury fpent in each elaborate piece. 

He vies for fame with ancient Rome and Greece. 

Rofcommon firft, then Mulgrave rofe, like lights 

To clear our darkncfs, and to guide our flight ; 

With fteady judgment, and in lofty founds, 

They gave us patterns, and they fct us bounds. 

The Stagyrite and Horace laid afide. 

Informed by them, we need no foreign guide j 

Who feek from poetry a lading name, 

May from their leflbns learn the road to fame ; 

But let the bold adventurer be fure 

That every line the teft of truth endure j 

On this foundation may the fabric riie 

Firm and unfliaken, till it touch the Ikics. 

From pulpits ban i(h'd, from" the courts from love, 

Abandon'd Truth (ecks fheltcr in the grove; 

Cbcrilh, ye Mufcs, the fodaken fair, 

And take into your train this beauteous wanderer. 


[ »35 J 



f\P all our modem \v!ts, none fccms to me 


Once to have touch'd upon true comedy^ v 

But hafty Shaducll, and flow Wychcrley. J 

Shadwcll's unfiniih'd works do yet impart 
Great proofs of Nature's force, though none of Art i 


'* This character, ho\vc\xr juft in other pniculars, yet 
is injurious in one j Mr. Wychcrley being reprcfentcd 
as a laborious wria*r, which every man who has the Icaft 
perfonal knowledge of him can contradict. 

Thofc indeed who form their judgment only from his 
writings, may be apt to imagine fo many admirable re- 
flections, fuch diverfity of images and cnaraCters, fuch 
ftriCt enquiries into nature, fuch clofe obfcn'ations on tho 
leveral humours, manners, and affeCtions of all i-nnks 
and degrees of men, and, as it were, fo true and (b per- 
fe£t a diiTedVion of humankind, delivered with fo much 
})ointcd wit and force of exprcflfion, could be no other 
than the work of extraordinary diligence and applica- 
tion : whereas others, who liave the happinefs to Ix: ac- 
quainted with the author, as well as his writitings, are 
able to affirm thefe haj^py performances were due to his 
infinite genius and natural penetration. We owe the 
lileafurc and advantage of having been fo well entenaincd 
and inftrucled by him to his facility of doing it j for, if 
I miftake him not extremely, had it been a trouble 
to him to write, he \\-ouid have fpared himfelf tliat trou- 
ble. What he has performed would indeed have been 
difficult for another; but the club which a man of 
ordinary fuc could not lift, was but a walking-Aick for 
Uercuks. Mr. 


But VVychcrlcy cams hard what e'er he gains. 
He wants no judgment, and he fpares no pains, &c. 
Lord Rochefter** Poems. 

Mr. Wycherley, in his writings, has been theibarpeft 
fatyrift of nis time ; but, in his nature, he has all the 
foftnefs of the tendereft difpolitions : in his writings he is 
feverc, bold, undertaking : in his nature, gentle, modeii, 
inoflfenfive : he makes ufe of his (atire as a man truly 
brave of his courage, only upon public occafions and hr 
pu bl ic good . He cumpamonates the wounds he i s under 
a neceinty to probe, or, like a good-natur'd conqueror, 
grieves at the occaiions tliat provoke him to make fudi 

There arcwhoobjcft to his verfiBcarion : but a diamond 
is not Icfs a diamond for not being poliihed. Verfifica- 
tion is in poetry what colouring is in painting, a beauti- 
ful ornament: but if the proportions are juft, the 
poflure true, the Bgure bold, and die reiemblance ac- 
cording to nature, thoueh the colours fhould happen to 
be rough, or carelcfsly kid on, yet may the piecrlc of 
incftimablc value : wliercas the tinell and the nicclt 
colourini:; art can invent, is but labour in vain, wheie 
the reft is wanting. Our prefcnt writers indeed, for iIjc 
moft part, fecm to lay the whole ftrels of their enHt-a- 
vnurs upon the harmony of words ; but then, liU 
eunuchs, they facrificc their manhood for a voice, asid 
reduce our poetry to be like cclio, nothing bur found. 

In Mr. VVychcrlcy, every tliinj; is iiialculiue : his 
Mufe is not led forth as to a review, but as to a battle; 
not adorned for parade, but execution : iie would be 
tried by the (harpnels of his blade, and not by ihf iintiy: 
like your heroes of antiquity, he charges in iron, -s-'l 
feems to dcfpife all ornament but intiinfic merit ; ai:il 
like thole heroes has therefore added another name to 
his own, and by the unanimous confent of hi«: corciu* 
poraries, is diflinguiihed by the jull appell.iiion *.'! 
Manly Wychcrlcy . L a n l^ u o \\ n i: . 


£ 8 

Written in a T,«af of the Au T ho R's ToTu 8, 
prcfcntcd to the QJJ £ £ N, . . 


A Mufe expiring, who» with earlieft voice, 
■^^ Made kings and queens, and beauty's charms her 

choice ; 
Now o^ her death-bed, this lad homage pays, 
O Queen ! to thee: accept her dying lays. 
So, at th* approach of Death, the cygnet tries 
To wfirbie one note more — and finging dies. 
Hail, mighty Queen ! whofe powerful fmile alone 
Commands fubjeftion, and (ecures the throne : 
Contending parties, and plebeian rage. 
Had puzzled loyalty for half an age : 
Conquering our hearts, you end the long difpute, 
All, who have eyes, confefs you abfolute. 
To Tory do6brines, even Whigs refign. 
And in your perfon own a right divine. 
Thus fang the Mufe, in her lail moments fir'd 
With Carolina's praife-— and then expir'd. 


^ ^ To Ibmc bright goddefs we c 
Minervay wiOoni; Juno, grace; 
And Venus furniihes the face : 
In royal Anne's bright form is feen 
What comprehends them all — The 


I T H- E 


O R, 



J ' * - 

-. IK-.: : 

'.)]Uhir O 


UPON th« fcparacion of thchcniic«, when mufical 
pcrfoitnanccs were confined to one theatre, and 
dramatic to the other, it became ncccf&ry to lengthen 
the repred'ntation of the cnfuing Poem tvith fcveral 
altccatioDS and additions, and fome eotire new fccnes, 
to (ill up the fpaces occafioncd by the neceflity of 
leaving out the xnixtiue of muiical entertainment. 



CsLius, King of Britain, Father to Oriana. 

Cons t an tiu s, Emperor of Rome, in love with Oriana. 

AMADiSy.a famous Knight- Adventurer, in love vrith 

Oriana, and beloved by her. 
Flq&kstan, Companion to Aroadis, in love with 

Lucius, a Roman. 
A&CALAUS, an Enchanter, enemy to Amadis. 


Arcabon, an Enchantrefs, Sifler to Arcalauc. 



Urganda, a good Enchantrefs. 

Delia, her Attendant. 

Officers and Guards attending Celius ; Romans attend- 
ing Condantius ; Ladies attending Oriana; Attendants 
to the feveral Enchanters ; Knights and Ladies 
Captives j Singers and Dancers. 

The S C E N E in BRITAIN, 




The curtan rifis to a flwrifi of all forts of hud mujie. The 
fcene is a grove heautiffd -with fountainsy ftatueSt &c» 
Urganda is difcovered as in the midft offome ceremony of 
enchantment. Thunder during the mufie, 

U R G A N D A. 

QOUND9 found, ye winds, the rended clouds divide, 
^ Fright back the prieft, and fave a trembling bride ; 
AiFift an injured lover's faithful love : 
An injur'd lover's caufe is worthy Jove. 


Succefbful is our charm : the temple ihakes. 

The altar nods, th' aftoniih'd prieft foriakes 

The hallow'd flirinc, ftprts from the bridegroom's fidcf 

Breaks off the ritts, and leaves the knot untyM. 

[Thunder again and miiftc. Vrganda vfalks down the fcene ^ 
'waving, her inchanted rod during the follormng incantation, 

* Sec the Prologue, p. 217. 

R 2 yc 

Te IWcct muficiaiif of llie fty^ 
Hitlier, hither, iy, flj* 
Afi4 with cnchabtiog nctet all nia^ die fupplj* 
Sotmi the tnimpcc, loodi the lut^ 
Strike the lyre, and tune the ittte ^ 
In harmony, 
CeleiBal harmooy* 
All magic charms aic found t 
Soand the truropcty Ibund. 

A Single Voice. 
Jaibn thui to Otpheut faid^ 
Take thy harp, gnd melt the maid i 
Vowi are vain, with muTic imm hcr» 
Play, my friend, and cliarm the charmer* 
Hark! hark! 'tit Oi^ut plays. 
The cedars dance, the grove obeys. 

Hark I hark again \ 
Mtdcu melts like Profcrpine. 

l.iftcning (he turns : how foft, (he cries ? 
How i'wect { ah how fweet each firing replies, 

Till on t\\e warbling note (he dies. 
Ah liow fweet, and how divine ! 

O I 'tis a pleafure 

Beyond mcafure, 

Take the trcafurc^ 
Gr^ki 'tis thine. 


•C H O R U S. 

Soaiid fSttt uuiujjku toudi At lute* 
Strike the lyre, and tune tke flute i 
In haitnon^y 

Celcftial harmony, 
All magic charms are found ; 

Sound the trumpet, found. 

Fixil Dance of Sutuet. 
A Single Voice. 
\Vhc« with adoring looks we gaio 
On bright Oriana'^ heavenly face, 
In every glance> and every grace. 
What is that we foe 

But harmony ; 
Cclcftial harmony! 
Our raviOi'd hearts leap up to meet 
The mufic of her eyes, and dance around her |eet4 


Tliis care for Amadis, ye gods, approre. 
For what 's a foldicr's recompence but love f 
When forcM from Britain, call'd to difhmcwar, 
(lis vanquifh'd heart remained a captive here; 
Oriana's eyes that glorious conqueft made^ 
Nor was his love ungratefully repaid. 

By Arcabon, like hoftile Juno, crofti 
Aad like j£ncas drivco from cooft IB coaft^ 

Rj The 


The wandering hero would return too late, 
Charg'd by Oriana with the crimes of fate s 
Who, anxious of negleft, fufpe^ting change, 
Confults her pride, and inediutes revenge. 

Jufl in the moment when lefentment fires, 
A charming rival tempts, a rugged king requires ; 
Love yields at laft, thus combated by pride. 
And ihe fubmits to be the Roman's biide. 


Bid not your art, with timely aids, provide, 
Oriana were his wife, and not his bride. 


Tn ancient times, ere chivalry was known, 
The infant world with monfters overgrown. 
Centaurs and giants, nurd with human blood. 
And dire magicians, an infernal brood, 
Vex'd men and gods ; but mod the fair complain 
Of Violated loves, and lovers flain. 
To (heifer innocence, and injur'd right. 
The nations all clc£l fome patron-knight, 
Sworn to be true to Love, and flaves to Fame, 
And make a valiant chief enrol his name ; 
By fhining marks diflinguifli'd they appear. 
And various ofders to various cnfigns bear. 
Bound by ftrift oaths, to fcrve the brighteft eyes. 
Not more they ft rive for glory than the prize ; 
While, to invite the toil, the faircll dame 
Of Britain} is the boldell champion's claim. 




Of all who la ikntmfitjof fame delight, 
-Bimve Amadis it ownM the hardieft knight. . 
Nor Thefeus, nor Alcides, ventured more, "l 

Nor he fo fam'd, who, bath'd in monftcr's gore. . > 
Upon his crefted helm the trampled dragon boie. J 

U &G AND A. 
O mighty Amadis I what thanks are due 
To thy viftorious fword, that Ardan flew ! 
Ardan, that black enchanter, whofe dire art* 
Enflav'd our knights, and broke our virgins hearts. 
Met fpcar to fpear, thy great delivering hand 
Slew the defiroyer, and redeemed the land; 
Far from thy bread all care and grief removet 
Oriana 's thine, by conqueil as by love. 


The haughty Arcabon, of Ardan's blood. 
And Arcalaus, foes alike to good, 
Gluttons in murder, wanton to deflroy. 
Their fatal arts as impioufly employ : 
Heirs to their brother's hatred, and fwora fbet 
To Amadis, their magic they bppofe 
Againflhis love and life. 

U & G A N D A. 

With equal care. 
Their vengeance to prevent, we now prepare. 
Behold the time, when tender Love (hall be 
Nor vext with doubt, nor preft with tyranny. 
The love-iick hero ihall from camps remove, 
To reap reward : the hero 's pay is love. 

R4 The 

The tsflu of glory ptiiiM iMBttd liaid» 
But oh! bowbWi, hawhntth^bm'wmm4t 


• c n • t A )¥ T.«:u v.. . . - ^, ,,, 
torm GOfifiiltnicllm, m w ni m k ^tiiktH . ^ 

Guttleft oftliaii^trt fimikp4«#iAMJ|b^ ^,^, . 
Mycply<NM«»!ftomj«ivlQi%itfilwi « 

My future hope, andwbeiiihemnia^ myteb* 


If finom my looks your ictftcnce yon would heaiji 
Behold a«d he mihruded to defpair. 

con* TAHITI-US. 

Loft in a labyrinth Of doubts and joys. 

Whom now her fkiles Fevtv'd^ her fcOm dcftrc^sf 

She will, and ihe tvill xm, ihe grants, denies^ 

Confentsy retra^, advaaces, luid ihca Hies, 

Approving and rejediing in a bfeath, 

Now proffering mercy, bow j^reTentiag death- 1 

Thus hoping, thus desiring, never fuie^ 

How various ore the «>dBcats I«idttre ! .. 



^nieleilate of doubt! ah! Princefg, try 
Once to reiblve, or let me live, or die. 

O & I A N A. 

Ceafe, prince^ the anger of the gods to movet 

'Tis now become a ciYme to mention love j 

Our holy men, interpreting the voice 

Of heaven in wrath, forewarn th' ill-omen' d choice* 


Strange rules forconilancy yourpneftsde\'ife, 
If love an'l hate mull vary with your fiiies. 
From fuch vik fcrvitud* fct Reafon free j 
The gods in every circumftance agree } 
To fuit our union, pointing out to me. 
In this right handy the fceptre that they place 
For me to hold, \yas meant for you to grace. 
Thou bcft and faired of tlw beauteous kind. 
Accept that empire which the gods dcAgn^d, 
, And be the charming mlflrcis of mankind. 
Ambition, Love, Avhatcwr can in^irc 
A mutual flame, glory, and young defirc. 
To guide and to adorn the deftin'd choice confpire. 
If greatncfs then with beauty may compare, 
•(And Aire the gwat are formed but for the fair) 
Then 'tis mod plain, that all the gods decree 
That I was bom for you, and you for me* 

C O ft I S A N D A . 

Nuptials of form, of intereft, or of (late, 
Thofe feeds of prido, are fruitful in debate ; 
Let happy men for generous Love dcclafe, 
And chafe the needy virgin^ chafle and fair ! 




Let women to fuperior fortune born. 
For naked virtue all temptations fcom. 
The charm 's immortal to a gallant mind. 
If gratitude cement whom Love has join'd. 
And Providence, not niggardly, but wife, 
Here lavifhly beflows, and there denie*. 
That by each other's virtue wemay rife : 
Weak the bare tie of man and wife we find ; 
But friend and bencfa6tor always bind. 

Enter King Celius with a Guard of Britons. 

C E L I U S. 

Our pricfts recover, 'twas a holy cheat, 
Lead back the bride, the ceremonies wait. 

o R I A N A. 
What heaven forbids— 


*Twas ignorance of my will. 
Our priefts have better learnt : what now is ill, 
Can, when I pleafe, be good j and none fhall dare 
Preach or expound, but what their king would hear. 
"Bit they interpret let them mark my nod, 
My voice their thunder, tliis right arm tlieir god. 
Prince, take your bride. 

o R I A N A. 
'Twcrc impious now to fuffer him my hand. 

[Refuftng to Conflantius, -who offers to take her band. 



' C E L I U 8. 

How dar'fl thou difbbey, when I command ? 
Mind, mind her not, nor be difhirb'd at tears, 

[Tp Cottjhniius. 
A counterfeited qaaim of bridal fears i 
All feign'd and falie ; while her defires are more 
A real fire, but a diflembled (bower : 
You'd fee, could you her inward motions watch> 
Feigning delay, ihe wiihes for difpatch ; 
Into a woman's meaning would you look. 
Then read her backward, like a. wizard's book. 
On to the temple lead— 

O R I A N A. 

Obedience is your due, which I muft payj 
But as a lover 1 command you— Stay. 

[Again rejeBing his hand. 
Obeying him, I '11 be obey*d by you. 


Nor faints to heaven with more fubmilfion bow : 
1 have no will but what your eyes ordain : 
Deflin'd to love, as they are doom'd to reign; 

C E L I U S. [AJide.'] 
Into what hands, ye gods ! have you re{ign*d 
Your world ? Are thefe the matters of mankind ? 
Thefe fupple Romans teach our women fcom, 
I thank you, gods, that I 'm a Briton born. 
Agree thefe trifles in a ihort debate ? 
Woman [To herJ] no more of this, but follow ihait : 
And you [To bim.} be quick, I am not us'd to wait. 

[Exit CeUus. 



[Orianaflands filetit and weeping a-whiU* ConfiaMtius looksi^cH^ 
cerned* After ajkort fauje Onana/peaks^ 

O & I A N A. 

Your ftara and mine have chofen you, to prove 
The noblcft way how generous men ihould love i 
All boaft their flames, but yet no woman found 
A paflion, where felMove was jmx the ground* 
Now we're ador'd, and the next hour difpleaicy 
At fidl your cure, and after, your diieafe : 
Slaves we are made, by falie pretences caught; 
The Briton in my foul difdains the thought. 


So much, fo tenderly, your Have adores. 
He has no thought of happincfs but yours. 

o R I A N A. \ 

Vows may be fcign'd, nor ftiall mere \vords prevail,] 
I muft have pfoofs j but proofs that cannot fail. 
By arms, by honour, and by all that *8 dear 
To heroes, or expecting lovers, fwcar. 


Needs there an oath } and can Oriana fay, 
Thus 1 command, and doubt if I '11 obey ? 


Then to be ihort, and put you out of pain. 
Leave mc, and never fee my face again. 
Start not, nor look furpriz'd, nor paufing fiand. 
Be your obedience brief, as my command, 


Your ftrangc command you give with fuch an air. 
Well may I paufc, who tremble but to hear. 



THB WkrmU enchanters. 253 
Love it a plut of the moft tender kind, 
That ihrittkt aad ihakcs with evety ruffling wind ; 
Such words in jell, fcarce can my heart fupport. 
In pity, ah ! forbear fuch cruel fport. 

o R I A N A. 
Our fenous fetes no hours for mirth allow. 
And one fliort truth is all my refuge now. 
Prepare then, prince, to hear a fecret told. 
That fliame would fhun, and blufhing I unfo!d| 
But dangers preiling, cowards will grow bold ^ 
Knpwthcn, I love— 

Can you command defpair, yet love confefs ; 
And curie with the iame breath with which you bleft } 

O & I A N A. 

Miftake me not— That I do love, is true ; 
But flatter not yourielf, it is not you. 


Forbid it, gods \ Strike any where but there : 

I^t but thofe frowns, and that diidainful air. 

Be the accuitom*d nicencfs of the fair ; 

Then I might hope, that time, aiiiduout Ifyve, 

Vows, tears, and prayers, fuch coynefs might remove s 

But if engaged— Recal the fatal breath 

That fpoke the word— the found is inftant death. 

o R I A ^r A. 
Too late to be recall'd, or to deny, 
I own the fatal truth ; if one muft die, 
You are the judge ; fay, is it you, or I ? 

6 Snier 





Enter hallily a Briton* 


The king Is much difpleas'd at this delay. 


And let him wait, while 'tis my will to ftay. 

«- O R I A N A, 

Btar back a gentler anlwer— We'll obey. 

C O N S T A N T I U 8. 

Hence every found that 's cither foft or kind j 

for a war like that within my mind : 
Yes, by the gods ! 1 could to atoms jtear, 
Cpnfound mankind, and all the world— but her. 
Say, flatterer, fay, ah ! fair deluder, fpeak, 
Anfwer me this, ere yet my heart does break j 
Since thus engag'd, you never could intend 
Your love, why was I flattered with your hand? 

O R I A N A . 

To what a father and a king thinks fit, 
A daughter and a fubjeft mufl fubmit. 
Think not from tyranny that love can grow ; 

1 am a Have, and you have made me fo. 
Thofe chains that duty have put on, remove ; 
Slaves may obey, but they can never love. 


Cruel Oriana, much you wrong'd my flame, 
To think that I could lay fb harfh a claim. 
Love is a fubjcdl to himlelf alone. 
And knows no other empire thaabis own ; 



No ties can bind, that from conftraint ariie. 
Where either *s forc'd, all obligation dies : 
Curft be the man, who ufes other art 
But only love, to captivate a heart. 

fatal law ! requiring to refign 

The obje£^ lov'd ; or hated, keep her mine. ' 

O R I A N A* 

Accufe me not of hate ; with equal eyes 

1 judge your merit, and your virtue prize ; 
Friendfhip, eileem be yours : Bereft before 
Of all my love, what can I offer more ! 
Your rivaVs image in your worth I view. 
And what I lov*d in him, efteem in you ; 

Had I ur complaint been firft, it, might have mov'dj 
He then had been efleem'd, and you belov'd : 
Then blame not me, fince nothing bars your fate. 
But that you pleaded laft, and came too late. 

[Confiantius ftand$ in a thoughtful poftttre, 


Thus merit *s ufclefs ; fortune holds the fcale. 
And ftill tlirows in die weight that muft prevail | 
Your rival is not of more charms pofleft, 
A grain of better luck has made him ble(L 


To love, and have the power to pofiefi. 
And yet refign, can flefli and blood do this } 
)h ill nature, erring from her firft command, 
Self-prefervation, fall by her own hand ? 
By her own a£b, the fprings of life deftroy. 
The principles, and being of her joy ? 

3 Senfual 

Scnfttl ittd bdc^-Can NaCiM tim I90MM 
Bkffingt 6bmn'dp by oufiag whottiwlsvir' 
FoOeffing, fbeistoftt iCTWwing ii 
Where dicii*! the doubt » ]Ma» dai^ 
Honour, and Lbvct' yc tyr e i i, I#kegr, . 
Vniac-«'cr joiff«radl ciil dinOr^if ««yp 
ToflMune, tocliatiu, orloacirtuAgiBfo^ 
Ijcadoa, ttapiC|nf gi^dci, tduMfomiam 

Love 't m igabbk foj^ hdam ymm oMp 

Olory ftftU mdie MMiidt wiA Fhni a mr t 
HoMar*ttbeiiobkft«hgcc, pvfiwlintpiH 
A»d iccompencoidie loft «f kNtiMifaMi. 
mtiU ^nlMh «d» yoor kMt pnhnulvp 

Tynuuic Honour i wteuneodecaaftikoB 
E'er make my he«it» by flattciiag my brow ^ 
Vdn rue of £une ! uslefe the conqucft prove 
In fcarch of betoty, to coodnde in love. 
Frail hope of aidi ! for time or chance to grm 
That love, which Cpitc of cruelly can live ! 
From your difilaiuy fince so relief i find, 
I muft love abient, whom I love uokind ; 
Though (eas divide us, and tfacwgh roountUM party 
That fatal form will everhauat myJKart* 
O ! dire reverfe of hope, tharl eadure^ 
From fure poUeffioo, to defpair as fure ! 
Farewel, Oriana ; yet, crs I remove. 
Can ^*ouid\>& out tear tobloediag love^ 


Ah aoy take beed^ turfy turn thoTe eyes away. 
The charm y^ ft|^^gnj( ihaU for orer flajr. 

Pnncefs rejoice, for y^ur aext news ihall be, 
Cundancius dies to fet Qdana free. 

l^Extunt feveratly: 


SCENE. A thick-wooded Foreft. 
Enter Arcabon learning i^enfLve, and Arc ALA us« 

A R c A B o N. 
*^r O warning of th* approaching ftame^ 
-^-^ Swiftly like fudden death it came ; 
IJkc travellers by lightning kill'd, 
J burnt the moment I Ixiheid* 

in wkom fo many charms are plac'd^ 
I^ with a mind as uobly grac'd ; 
The cafe, ib fliining to Uphold, 
Is till'd with lichcil gems and gold. 

To what my eyes admir'd before, 
I add a tlioufand graces more. 
And Fancy blows into a flame 
The Ipark that from hi^» beauty came. 

The objefl thus improvM by thought. 
By my own imsgc I am caught. 
Pygmalion fo, with fatal art, 
Puiilh'd the form that (lung 1.1s heart« 

^ AR C A* 


A R C A L A U S* 
Bnthantrtfs fay, wHence fu^h replies as tliefe ? 
Tbou a»ifwer*ft Love, I fpeak *>F A mad is* 

ji R c A 1 OH, 
Swiftly he paf^i and as in fpon purftic^ 
The favage herdj and hunted round iht wood ; 

Tigers and wolves la Tarn his fbrokc withj^tid«' 
Cut down* like poppies, by the reaper *$ hand j 
Ltke M^ir^ he look*d, as terrible and ftrong, 
Like Jove fliafeliic, like Apollo joung^ j 
With ail their attributes divinely graced. 
And furr their thunder in his arm was placed,, 

AJl C A L AC S. 

Who pa£i*d } ^bo looVd ? 

^^ A R C A 5 O K. 

IPPF Ah ! there 's the fatal woand. 

That tears my heart -ftrings^^ — Bnt he fliall be foun^ i 
Yes* ye Infernal s, if there 's power in art, 
My arms (hall hold him, as he gr^fps my heart. 
hhsll If who can draw down the moon^ and keep 
The ilars con&n'd, enchant the boifterous deep. 
Bid Boreas halt, m&ke hills and forefts movCj 
£hail I be baffled by ihis triflcr, Love ? 


Suipend ibofe follies, and let rage furmount, 
A brother^s death requires a fhrid account j 
To-day, to-day, perhaps this very hour. 
This moment j now, the murJcrcr *b in our povver. 

Leave Love in cottagers and cells to reign. 
With nymphs obfcurc^ and with the iowly^ fwain. 
Who waitt their days and Ilrcngtli in fuch ihort j^ys. 
Arc fools, that bartcj prtciou* Jifg for toys* 

A R G A B o N. 
They *rc fook wh©pfcairh\¥iyr waik our days and ftrtngtU; 
What h a lift: whfifc unly chann h len^h ? 
Giv'c ttxc a life tl^ai 's Ihort ajid vving'd wiih jovi 
A life of iovet vvhofe minutes never cloy 1 
What is an age in dull renown drudg'd o'er ? 
On^ little fingle hour of kvt h more. 

Aji Attendant enters ha^ilj, and wiufpers AacAtAUfi, 

A EC AL Atr fi. 

See it perform*d— and thou fhak be. 
Dire inflfumtni of hclt, a god to me* 

[Exit Atfendum* 
He comes, he comes » jufl readj to be cauglit. 
Here Ardau fell^ heie on thi^ fat^J f)>ol 
Our brother dy*