Skip to main content

Full text of "The works of the British poets. With prefaces, biographical and critical"

See other formats



A nd evSo /v 


, Volume the Fifth, 

_ Containing 

Milton ,C owley, WaJlerBiitler&Denham . 


^' Uradfutc /w//l. 











ODES, &C. &C. ff. 

To which is prefixed 


Three poets, in three cUftant ages born, 
Greece, Italy, and England did adorn. 
The firft in loftinefs of thought furpafl ; 
The nrxt in majefty ; in both the laft. 
The force of Nature could no further go : 
To make a third, (he join'd the former two. 



Anno 1793. 

THE LlfE OF Ml I? ON. 

1 HE Family of Milton was dcfccnded from the Proprietors of Milton near Thame in Oxfordfhire, one 
of whom forfeited his eftatc in the times of York and Lancafter. 

The Grandfather of the Poet, a zealous Papift, difmherited his fon John for having renounced the 
Religion of his Anceftors ; who, in confequence, had recourfc for his fupport to the profeffion of a 
Scrivener, in which he was fo fuccefsful, that he was, enabled to retire front bufinefs on a competent 
cftate.' He married a Lady r>f the name of Cafton, of Welfh defcent, by whom he had iffue, John the 
Poet, Chriftopher bred to the law, (afterwards knighted and made a Judge by James II.), and Anne, 
married to Edward Phillips, who enjoyed a lucrative poft in the Crown Office. 

John Milton was born in London at his father's houfe in Bread Street, December 9th 1608. He 
was firft inftrucled by private tuition, under the care of Thomas Young a Clergyman, whofe attention 
and capacity were celebrated by his pupil in an elegant Latin Elegy, written in his lath year. 

He was then fent to St. Paul's School, from whence, in his i6th year, he was removed .to Chrifk's 
College, Ca'mbridge. . 

During his refidence in the TJniverfity, he compofed meft of his Latin Poems, in a ftile exquifitely 
imitative of the heft models of antiquity. Milton is laid to be the firft Englishman who wrote Latin 
verle with claflical elegance. 

On leaving the Univerfity, after having taken out his degree of Mafter of Arts, in 1632, he returned 
to his father, then refiding at Horton in Buckinghamfliire, where he purfued his ftudies with unparal- 
Jelled affiduity and fuccefs. They did hot however fo entirely abforb his attention as not to afford him 
time to produce the Mafque of Comus, a Work adorned with all the ornaments of diftion ; where al- 
lufions, images, and beautiful epithets, erilbellifh every period with lavifh decoration : For though it is 
a Drama, too much in the Epic ftile to pleafc on the ftage, yet, in whatever light it is viewed, whether 
as a feries of Lines, a Mafque, or a Poem, it can be confidered as inferior only to Paradife Loft. 

His next production was Lycldas ; a Poem no lefs beautiful, of its kind than the laft, being a Monody 
bn the death of his friend Edward King, foil bf Sir John King; Secretary for Ireland, who Was loft in 
his paffage to that country. 

Miitoo having how remained with his father for about five years, oh the death bf his mother, obtained 
the liberty which he fo ardently defired, to travel. He left England in 1638, went firft to Paris; 
where he vifited the celebrated Grotius, and from thence hafted into Italy, whofe language and litera 
ture he had ftudied with uncommon diligence. There he was received with marked attention by the 
learned and the great ; for, notwithftanding the undiflembled opennefs of his political and religious 
opinions, he was introduced to a mufical entertainment by Cardinal Barberini (afterwards Pope Urban 
the VHL) in perfon, who waited for him at the door, and led hint by the hand into the AfTembly. 
Prom Rme he went to Naples, where he was received with no lefs refpeCt by Manfo, Marquis of Villa^ 
who had been before the Patron bf Taffo ; after which, he vifited the reft of Italy, carefied and ho- 
uoured by every one confpicuous for high rank or diftinguifhed abilities. Among the laft was the great 
Galilseo, whom he did not omit to vifit, although at that time a prifoner in the Inquifition, for having 
taught the annual and diurnal motions of the earth. 

After having fpent two years in his travels, which were defigned to be extended to Sicily and 
Greece, on hearing bf the troubles in his native country, he hafted home, judging it criminal to remain 
indifferent, or to indulge in amufcmets ? while his countrymen were SQmending for their libertie?, 


On his return, he took a houfe in Aiderfgate Street, where he fuperintended the education of fifc 
nephew by his fifter, and alfo received other young gentlemen toi be boarded and iriftructed. 

In his 35th year, he married Mary the daughter of Richard Powel, Efq; but a reparation, or rather 
defertion on the wife's part, took place in a month the ceremony. On her refufing *.o return, in. 
defiance of repeated requifitions, Milton was fo provoked, that he was induced to publifh feveral Trea*- 
tifes on the doctrine of Divorce ; and alfo to pay his addreffes to a young lady of great wk and beauty- 
A reconciliation was the confequence ; for his wife, iu an unexpected interview, throwing herfelf at 
his feet, implored and obtained forgivenefs. Impreflfed with this event, he is faid to have conceived 
the pathetic fcene in Paradife Loft, in which Eve addrefieth herfelf to Adam for pardon and peace. 

From this period to the reiteration, our Author was fo deeply engaged in the coatroveriies of the 
times, that he found no leifure for polke learning. The Allegro and Penfcrofo however appeared in a 
collection of Latin and Englifh Poems published in 1645. Thefe delightful pieces are undoubtedly the 
two bell defcriptive poems that ever were written. Had he left no other monuments but Comus, 
Lycidas, and this matchlefs pair, yet would they alone be faffici-ent to render his name immortal. 
They were however little noticed on their publication, and remained for near a century difregarded, or 
at leaft fcarcely known, while his Polemical Traces, now only in their titles remembered, made their 
Author's fortune, and fpread his fame over Europe. Of thefe, the moft celebrated is his Defenjio pro 
' jPopulo A -glicanoy in anfvver to Salmafius r Profeffor of Polite Learning at Leyden, who was employed 
by Charles II. when in exile, to write the Defenjio Regis. Milton's piece way fo fevcre, and fo much 
admired, that it is faid to have killed his antagonift with vexation. For this Tract, he was rewarded- 
with a thoufand pounds, a fum twenty times greater than he made by all his, poetical works put to 
gether ! and was alfo promoted to be Latin Secretary to the Protector. But for his intellectual acqui- 
fitions he paid dear ; a guttaferena for fome time affected his fight, and He now became totally blind. 
At this period too, he loft his wife in child-bed, who left him three daughters. He foon, however, 
married again, Catharine daughter of a Captain Woodcock ; but {he alfo died in child-bed, within a 
year after they were married. 

On the Reparation, he was obliged to quit his houfe, together with his employment, and to fecrete 
himfelf in an obfcure abode in Bartholomew Clofe. His friends had fome difficulty to prevent him 
from being excepted in the act of oblivion ; to lull refearch, and to gain time, they ufed the ex 
pedient of a mock funeral. By the act of oblivion he was at length freed from danger ; his Polemical 
writings only were burnt by the hands of the common hangman. 

From Bartholomew Clofe he removed to Jewrio Street, and married a third wife, Elizabeth Min- 
flur, of a gentleman's family in Chemire. 

He was now in his 5ad year, blind, infirm, and poor ; for fte loft his paternal property by the civil 
wars, and his acquired by the Reftoration. But neither his infimlities, nor the viciflitudes of Fortune, 
could deprefs the vigour of his mind, or prevent him from executing a defign he had long conceived, 
of writing an Heroic Poem. 

The great work of Paradife Loft was finifhed in 16-65-,. at Chalfont in Bucks, where the Author had 
taken refuge from the plague, and published in 1667, when he returned to London.- He fold the 
rx>py to Samuel Simmons for Five Pounds in hand,. Five Pounds more when 1 300 fhould be fold, and 
the fame fum on the publication of the fecond and third Editions,, for each edition. Of this agreement 
Milton received in all Fifteen Pounds ; and his widow afterwards fold her claims for Eight. 

Such was the firft reception of a Work that conftitutes the glory and boaft of Engliih Literature j 
a Work that, notwithftanding: the feverity of criticifmf may be ranked among the nobleft efforts of 
human genius; for though in variety of character and choice of (object, it may yield to Tome, yet in 
grandeur and fublimity it is confeffedly fuperior to all. The meafure of this Divine Poem is blank 
verfe ; between which and rhyme there are endlefs difputes for pre-eminence : but furely the effential 
qualities of Poetry can no more depend on either, than thofe of a man on the faftrion of his clothes. 

Doctor Johnfon, who could not endure blank verfe, yet confefles, that " He could not prevail o 
" himfelf to wifh that Milton had been a rhymer." 

Paradife Loft, however, is not without faults ; perfection in this life is unattainable. The at^ 
tempt o-thc Author to give language and fentiments to the Deity^ is where b fcems-to havo mo& 


felled in the Execution : But in fuch an attempt, what mortal could have fucceeded ? Other excep 
tions it has alfo endured in paffing the fiery ordeal of Dr. Johnfon's criticifm, who feems to have ex 
tended his abfurd diflike of the man to his writings. Yet every reader capable of relifhing true 
Poetry will agree with him in concluding, " That this Work is not the greateft of Heroic Poems, 
*' only becaufe it is not the firfL" 

Three years after the publication of Paradife Loft, the author publifhed Sampfon Agoniftes, a Tra 
gedy, in the pur eft ftile of the Creek Drama, and Paradife Regained, which he is faid to have pre 
ferred to his great work, but in which preference he remains alone, 

Paradife Regained hath fuffered much in the comparifon ; it is obfcured by the fplendour of Para 
dife Loft, as the luftre of the morning ftar is abforbed in the meridian blaze ; but had any other than 
"Milton been the author, it would have claimed and received univerfal praife. 

Our great author, now quite worn out with the gout, paid the debt of nature on the roth of No 
vember 1674, in his 66th year, at his houfe in Bunhill-Fields, and was buried in St. Giles's, Cripple- 
gate ; his funeral was fplendidly and numeroufly attended. He left 1500 1. to his family ; a proof, 
notwithstanding his great loffes, that he never was'in indigence, 

A fmiill monument^ with his buft, has been creeled, not long fince, to his memory, in Weftminfter 

Milton, in ftature, did not exceed tire middle fize, but was formed with perfect fymmetry, and was, 
moreover, in his youth, eminently beautiful ; of which many portraits yet to be feen, as well as the 
following epigram of the Marquis of Villa, are inconteftible proofs ; 

Ut mens, forma, decor, facies, mos, fi Pietas fie ; 
Non Anglus, verum hcrcle Augelus ipfe fores. 

Which (omitting the exception of his religion) may be thus rendered : 

So perfe thou, in mind, in form and face ; 
Thou'rt not of Englith, but Angelic race. 

Of his habits he was abftemious in his diet, and naturally difliked all ftrong liquors : In his youth 
fce ftudied late, but afterwards reverfed his hours. His amufements confifted in the converfation of 
his friends, and in mufic, in which he was a proficient. After he became blind, he was aflifted in his 
iludies by his daughters, whom he taught to read Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, without their under- 
Handing any of them ; and for tranfcribing, he employed any cafual acquaintance. 

His literature was great ; he was a perfect matter of Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Italian, French, and 
Spanifh ; of the Engliih Poets, he preferred Spencer, Shakefpeare and Cowley. His political principles 
were republican, and his theological opinions tended to Arminianifm. His deportment was eredt, 
open, affable ; his converfation eafy, cheerful, and inftrudlive ; his wit, on all occafions, at command, 
facetious, grave, or fatirical, as the fubjeA required ; his judgment juft and penetrating ; his appre- 
heniion quick ; his memory tenacious of what he read ; his reading only not fo extenfive as his 
genius, for that was univerfal. With fo many accompUfhmenta, not to have faults and misfortunes to 
be laid in the balance, with the fame and felicity of writing Paradife Loft, would have been too great 
a portion for humanity. 




QJJI legis Amjflam Paradifum, grandia magni 

Carmina Miltoni, quid nil! cun&a legis ? 
Res cun&as, et cun&arum primordia rerum, 

Et fata, et fines continet ifhrh'ber. 
Jntima panduntur magni penetralia mundi, 

Scribitur et toto quicquid in orbe latet : 
T-erneque,traclufque maris,celfcmque profundum, 
. Sulphureumque Erebi, flammivomufque fpecus : ! 
J Qu;tque colunt terras, potumque et Tartara casca, i 

Qiiicque colunt fummi lucida regna p&li : 
Et quodcnnque ullis conclufum efl finibus ufquam, ; 

Et fine fine Chaos, et fine fine Deus : 
Et fine fine magis, fi quid magis eft fine fine, 

In Chrifto erga hotm'nes coiu:iliatus amor. 
Hiec qui fperaret quis crederet effe futura ? 

Et tamen hxc hodie terra Britanna legit. 
O quantos in bella duces ! qua; pvotulit arma ! 

Qiiaj canit, et quanta prselia dira tuba ' 
Cceleftes acies.! atque in ccrtamine ccelum! 

Et quai cceleftes pugna deceiret agros ! 
Quantus in sethereis tollit fe Lucifer armis ! 

Atque ipfo graditur vix Michucle minor! 

Quantis, et quam funeftis concurritur Iris, 

Dum ferus hie ftellas protegit, iile rapij ! 
Dum vulfos montes feu teia reciproca torquentj 

Et non mortal! defuper igne pluunt : 
Stat dubius cui fe parti concedat Olympus, 

Et metuit pugnze non fupereffe fuae. 
At fimul in coelis Meffix infignia fulgent, 

Et currus animes, armaque digna Deo, 
Jiorendumque rotae ftrident, et faeva rotarum 

Erumpunt torvis fulgura luminibus, 
Et flammae vibrant, et vera tonitura rauco 

Admiftis flammis infohuere polo : 
Excidit attonitis mens omnis, et impetus omnis, 

Et caflis dextris irrita tela cadunt ; 
Ad pcenas fugiunt, et ceu foret Orcus afylum, 

Infernis certant condere fe tenebris. 
Cedite Romani fcriptores, cedite Graii, 

Et quos fama recens vel celebravit annus. 
Ha:c quiconque leget tantum ceciniffe putab;t 

Maeonidem ranas, Virgilium culices. 



\\ T H-F.N I beheld the poft Wind, yet bold, 
In {lender book his vaft defign unfold, 
JWefliah crown'd, God's reconcil'd decree, 
Rebelling angels, the forbidden tree, 
Heav'n, hell, earth, chaos, all; the argument 
Held me a while mildoubting his intent, 
That ht- would ruin (for I fa\v him ftrong) 
The facred truths to table and old long ; 
^So Sampfon grop'd the temple's polls in fpite) 
The world o'erwhelming to revenge his light. 

Yet as I read, 1H11 growing Ids fevere, 
1 lik'd his project, the fuccefs did tear, 
Through that wide field how he his way fhould 


"j'er which lame faith leads underftanding blind; 
Left he perplex'd the things he would explain, 
And what wa.s eafy he fliould render vain. 

Or if a work fo infinite he fpann'd, 
Jealous I was, that fome lefs flcilful hand 
(Such as dilquiet always what is well, 
And by ill imitating would excel) 
Might hence prefume the whole creation's day 
To change in fcenes, and fhew it in a play. 

Pardon me, mighty poet ! nor defpife 
My caufelefs, yet not impious, furmife. 
But I am now convinc'd, and none will dare 
Within thy labours to pretend a lhare. 
Thou haft not mifs'd one thought that could be fit 
.And all that was improper dolt omit ; 

So that no room is here for writers left, 
But to detect their ignorance or theft. 

That majefty whichthrough thy work doth reign, 
Draws the devout, deterring the profane : 
And things divine thou treat'st of in fuch ftate 
As them preserves, and thee, inviolate. 
At once delight and horror on us feize, 
Thou fing'ft with fo much gravity and eafe ; 
And above fyuman flight does foar aloft ; 
With plume fo ftrong, fo equal, and fo foft ; 
The bird nam'd from that paradife you fing 
So never flags, but always keeps on wing. 

Where couldft thou wordsof fuch a compafs find ? 
Whence furnifh fuch a vaft expanfe of mind ? 
Juft heaven thee, like Tirefias, to requite, 
Rewards with prophefy thy lofsof fight. 

Well might'il thou fcorn thy readers to allure 
With tinkling rhyme, of thy own fenfe fecure ; 
While the Town-Bays writes all the while and 


And like a pack-horfe tires without his bells : 
There fancies, like our bufhy points, appear,. 
The poets tag them, we for fafhion wear. 
I too, tranfported by the mode, commend, 
And while I meant to praife thee, muft offend- 
Thy verfe, created, like thy theme, fublime, 
In number, weight, and meafure, needs not rhyme. 



meafure is Englifi heroic verfe ivithout rhyme, as that of Homer In Creel, and Firgil in Latin ? 
ryhme being no necejjary adjunct or true- ornament of poem or good verfe, in longer ivories efpecially, tut the 
invention of a barbarous age, to fd off -wretched matter and lame metre ; gracd indeed Jince by the vfe of 
fame famous modern poets, carried away by cuJJom, but much to their otvn vexation, hindrance, and conjlraint, 
to exprefs many things other-wife, and for the mojl part, *worfe than elfe they would have exprejfed them. 
JVof -without caufe, therefore, fome both Italian and Spanijh poets of prime note, have rejecled rhyme both in 
longer andjhorter works, as have alfo longjtnce our bejl Englijh tragedies, as a thing of iifelf, to all judi- 
tioiis ears, trivial, and of no true mufical delight; 'which conjtfls only in apt numbers, Jit quantity of fylla- 
lles, and the fenfe varioiijly dra-wn out from one <vcrfe into another, not in the jingling found of lite endings^ 
a fault avoided by the learned ancients both in poetry and all good oratory. This ncvleEl, then, of rhyme, fo 
little is to be taken for a defefi, though it may feem fo perhaps to vulgar readers, that it rather is to be ejleem- 
cd an example fet, the Jirjl in Englijh, of ancient liberty recovered to hsroit poem, from tht trovblefome curjf 
modern bondage f rhyming. 

reriu1 ^yoi'jTO "jo 

';:lofl ban t U'ofii 

r:d}.i; bni^Siq f * 

-' titecotll Oito h' 




This Firft Book propofes, firft in brief, the whole fubject, Alan's difobedience, and the lofs thereupon 
of Paradife wherein he was placed : then touches the prime caufe of his fall, the fcrpent or rather 
Satan in the ferpent ; who, revolting from God, and drawing to his fide many legions of angels, was, 
by the command of God, driven out of heaven, with all his crew, into the great deep. Which adioa 
pafs'd over, the Poem haftes into the midft of things, prefenting Satan with his angels now falling 
into hell, defcrib'd here, not in the centre (for heaven and earth may be fuppofed as yet not made, 
certainly not yet accurs'd), but, in a place of utter darknefs, fitlieft call'd Chaos : here Satan, with 
his angels lying on the burning lake, thunder-ftruck and aftonifti'd, after a certain fpace, recover 
as from confufion, calls up him who next in order and dignity lay by him ; they confer of their 
miferable fall. Satan awakens all his legions, who lay till then in the fame manner confounded : 
they rife ; their numbers, array of battle, their chief leaders nam'd, according to the idols known 
afterwards in Canaan and the countries adjoining. To thefe Satan directs his fpeech, comforts them 
with hope yet of regaining heaven, but tells them, laflly, of a new world, and new kind of creature 
to be created, according to an ancient prophecy or report in heaven ; for that angels were long 
before this vifible creation, was the opinion of many ancient Fathers. To find out the truth of this 
prophecy, and what to determine thereon, he refers to a full council. What his afibciates thence, 
attempt. Pandemonium the palace of Satan rifes, fuddenly built, but of the deep : the infernal peers 
there fit in council. 

O? man's firft difobedience, and the fruit 
Pf that forbidden tr%e, whofe mortal tafte 
Brought death into the world, and all our woe, 
With lofs of Eden, till one greater Man 
Reftore us, and regain the blifsful feat, 
Sing heav'nly Mufe, that on the fecret top 
Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didft infpire 
That fhepherd, who firft taught the chofen feed, 
In the beginning, how the heav'ns and earth 
Rofe out of chaos : or if Sion hill 
Delight thee more, and Siloa's brook that flow'd 
Faft by the oracle of God ; I thence 
Invoke thy aid to my advent'rous fong, 
That with no middle flight intends to foar 
Above th' Aonian mount, while it purfues 
Things unattempted yet in profe or rhyme. 
And chiefly Thou, O Spirit, that doft prefer 
Before all temples the upright heart and pure, 
Inftrudl me, for thou know'ft ; thou from the firft 
Wall prefent, and, with mighty wings outfpread, 

Dove-like fatft brooding on the vaft abyfs, 
And mad'ft it pregnant : what in me is dark 
Illumine, what is low raife and fupport ; 
That to the height of this great argument 
I may affert eternal providence^ 
And juftify the ways of God to men. 

Say firft, forHeav'n hides nothingfrom thy view;, 
Nor the deep trad: of Hell, fay firft what caufe 
Mov'd our grand parents, in that happy ftatc, 
Favour'd of Heav'n fo highly, to fall off 
From their Creator, and tranfgrefs his will, 
For one reftraint, lords of the world befides ? 
Who firft feduc'd them to that foul revolt ? 
Th' infernal ferpent ; he it was, whofe guile, 
Stirr'd up with envy and revenge, deceiv'd 
The mother of mankind, what time his pride 
Had caft him out from heav'n, with all his hoft 
Of rebel angels, by whofe aid afpiring 
To fet himfelf in glory above his peer*, 
He trufted to have e<jualTd the Moft 



If be oppos'd; and, with ambitious aim, 

Againft the throne and monarchy of God 

Raii'd impious war in heav'n and battle proud, 

With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power 

Hurl'd headlong flaming from the ethereal Iky, 

"With hideous ruin and coinbuftion, down 

To bottomlefs perdition, there to dwell 

In adamantine chains and penal fire, 

"Who durft defy th' Omnipotent to arms. 

Nine times the fpace that meafures day and night 

To mortal men, he with his horrid crew 

Lay vanquifh'd, rolling in the fiery gulf 

Confounded, though immortal : but his doom 

Referv'd him to more wrath ; for now the thought 

Both of loft happinefs and lalHng pain 

Torments him ; round he throws his baleful eyes, 

That witnefs'd huge af!li6tion and difmay, 

JXlixt with obdurate pride and ftedfaft hate : 

At once, as far as angels' ken, he views 

The difmal fituation walk' and wild ; 

A dungeon horrible on all fides round 

As one great furnace flamM,yet from thofc flames 

No light, but rather darknefs vifible, 

Serv'd only to difcover lights of woe, 

Regions of Sorrow, doleful Shades, where peace 

And reft can never dwell, hope never comes 

That comes to all ; but torture without end 

Still urges, and a fiery deluge, fed 

With ever-burning fulphur unconSum'd : 

Such place eternal Juftice had prepar'd 

For thofe rebellious, here their priion orduin'd 

In utter darknefs, and their portion fet 

As far remov'd from Cod and light of heav'n 

As from the centre thrice to th' utmoft pole. 

O how unlike the place from whence they fell ! 

There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelm'd 

With, floods and whirlwinds of tempeftuous fire, 

He foon diicerns, and welt'ring by his fide 

One next himielf in poW'r, and next in crime, 

Xong after known in Puleftine, and naru'd 

^Beelzebub. 'J'o whom th* arch-enemy, 

And thence in heav'n call'd Satan, with bold words 

Breaking the horrid filence, thus began : 

If thou beefl. he ; but O how fall'n ! how chang'd 
From him, who, in the happy realms of light, 
Cloth'd with transcendent brightucfs didit ontfhine 
Myriads though bright ! If he whom mutual league, 
United thoughts and counSels, equal hope 
And hazard in the glorious enterprise, 
Join'd with me once, now mifery hath joined 
In equal ruin : into what pit thou Si-eft 
Prom what heightfaH'n,fo much the Aronger prov'd 
He with his thunder : and till then who knew 
The force of thole dire arms ? yet not for thofe, 
Nor what the potent Victor in his rage 
Can elfe inflict, do I repent or change, 
Though chang'd in outward luftre, that fix'd nu'nd, 
And high difdain from SenSe of injur'd merit, 
That with the Mightieft raif 'd me to contend, 
And to the fierce contention brought along 
Innumerable force of Spirits arm'd, 
That durft dislike his reign, and me preferring, 
His utmoft pow'r with adverSe pow'r oppof 'd 
In dubious battle on the plains of Heav'n, 
Andfhq.3kh;j throuc. Whatthough the field be loft ? 

All is not loft ; th' unconquerable will, 
And ftudy of revenge, immortal hate, 
And courage never to Submit or yield, 
And what is elfe, not to be overcome ? 
That glory never Shall his wrath or might 
Extort from me. To bow and fue for grace 
With fuppliant knee, and deify his power, 
Who from the terror of this arm fo late 
Doubted his empire ; that were low indeed ; 
That were an ignominy, and Shame beneath 
This downfal ; fince by fate the Strength of gods 
And this empyreal fubftance cannot fail, 
Since through experience of this great event, 
In arms not worfe, in forefight much advanc'd, 
We may with more SucceSsful hope reSolve 
To wage by force or guile eternal war, 
Irreconcilable to our grand Foe, 
Who now triumphs, and in th' excefs of joy 
Sole reigning holds the tyrany of heav'n. 

So fpake the apoftate angel, though in pain, 
Vaunting aloud, but rack'd with deep deSpair ; 
And him thus anSwer'd Soon his bold compeer : 
' O Prince ! O Chief of many throned power*, 
That led th' imbattl'd Seraphim to war 
Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deeds 
FearleSs, endanger'd heav'n's perpetual King, 
And put to proof his high Supremacy, 
Whether upheld by Strength, or chance, or fate^ 
Too well I See and rue the dire event, 
That with Sad overthrow and foul defeat 
Hath loft us heaven, and all this mighty hpft 
In horrible dcftruciion laid thus low, 
As far a, gods and heav'nly eflences 
Can periih : for the mind and Spirit remains 
Invincible, and vigour Soon returns, 
Though all our glory's extinct, and happy State 
Here Swallow'd up in endlefs mifery. 
But what if he our Conqu'ror (whom I now 
Of force believe Almighty, fince no lefs 
Than Such could have o'erpow'r'dfuch force as ours) 
Have left us thus our Spirit and Strength entire 
Strongly to Suffer and Support our pains, 
That we may So Suffice his vengeful ire, 
Or do him mightier Service as his thralls 
By right of war, whate'er his bufinefs be, 
Here in the heart of hell to work in fire, 
Or do his errands in the gloomy deep ; 
What can it then avail, though yet we feel 
Strength undiminim'd, or eternal being 
To undergo eternal punifhment ? 
Whereto with Ipeedy words th' arch-fiend reply'd ; 

Fall'n Cherub, .to be weak is miserable, 
Doing or Suffering : but of this be Sure, 
To do ought good never will be our talk, 
But ever to do ill our Sole delight, 
A-, being the contrary to his high will 
Whom we refill. IS then his providence 
Out of our evil Seek to bring forth good, 
Our labour muft be to pervert that end, 
And out of good ftill to find means of evil ; 
Which oft-times may Succeed, So as perhaps 
Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and difturb 
His inmoft counfels from their deftin'd ami. 
But See the angry Victor hath recall'd 
His ministers of vengeance and purfuit 

Book 7. 



Back to the gates of heav'n : the fulph'rous hail 

Shot after us in ftorm,o'erblown,hath laid 

The fiery furge, that from the precipice 

Of heav'n receiv'd us falling ; and the thunder, 

Wing'd with red lightning and impetuous rage, 

Perhaps hath fpent his fhafts, and ceafes now 

To bellow through the vaft and boundlefs deep. 

Let us not flip th occafion, whether fcorn, 

Or fatiate fury yield it from our foe. 

Seeft thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild, 

The feat of defolation, void of light, 

Save what the glimmering of thefe livid flames 

Cafts pale and dreadful ? thither let us tend 

From off the tofling of thefe fiery waves ; 

There reft, if any reft can harbour there, 

And re-affembling our afflicted powers, 

Confult how we may henceforth moft offend 

Our enemy, our own lofs how repair, 

How overcome this dire calamity, 

What reinforcement we may gain from hope, 

If not what refolution from defpair. 

Thus Satan, talking to hisneareft mate y 
With head up-lift above the wave, and eyes 
That fparkling blaz'd, his other parts befides 
Prone on the flood, extended long and large, 
Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge 
As whom the fables name of monilrous fize, 
Titanian, or Earth-born, that warr'd on Jove, 
Briareus or Typhon, whom the den 
By ancient Tarfus held, or that fea-beaft 
Leviathan, which God of all his works 
Created hugeft that iwim th* ocean ftream : 
Him hapljA-flumb'ring on the Norway foam 
The pilot of fome fmall night-founder 'd fluff, 
Deeming fome ifland, oft, as feamen tell, 
With fixed anchor in his icaly rind 
Moors by his fide under the lee, while night 
Invefts the fea, and wifhed morn delays : 
So ftretch'd out huge in length the Arch-fiend lay 
Chain'd on the burning lake, nor ever thence 
Had rif 'n or heav'd his head, but that the will 
And high pcrmiflion of all-ruling Heaven 
Left him at large to his own dark defigns, 
That with reiterated crimes he might 
Heap on himfelf damnation, while he fought 
Evil to others, and enrag'd might fee 
How all his malice ferv'd but to bring forth 
Infinite goodnefs, grace and mercy fli'ewn 
On Man by him feduc'd ; but on himfelf 
Treble confufion, wrath and vengeance pour ? d. 
Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool 
His mighty ftature ; on each hand the flames 
Driv'n backward flope their pointing fpires, and 
In billow?, leave i' th' midft a horrid vale, [roll'd 
Then with expanded wings he fleers his flight 
Aloft, incumbent on the dufky air 
That felt unufaal weight, till on dry land 
Ke lights, if it were land that ever burn'd 
With folid, as the lake with liquid fire ; 
Aad fuch appeared in hue, as when the force 
Of fubterranean wind tranfports a hill 
Torn from Pelorus, or the fhatter'd fide 
Of thundering ^Etna, whofe combuftible 
And iuel'd entrails thence conceiving fire, 
Sublim/d with mineral fury, aid the winds, 

And leave a finged bottom all involv'd 
With Itench and f moke : fuch refting found the folc 
Of unbleft feet. Him followed his next mate, 
Both glorying to have fcap'd the Stygian flood 
As gods, and by their own recover'd ftrength, 
Not by the fuff'rance of fupernal Power. 

Is this the region, this the foil, the clime, 
Said then the loft Arch-angel, this the feat 
That we muft change for Heav'n, this mournful 
For that celeitial light ? Be it fo, fmce he [gloom 
Who now is Sov'reign, can diipole and bid 
What fhall be right : fartheft from him is beft, 
Whom reafon hath equall'd, force hath made fu- 
Above his equals. Farewell, happy fields [preme 
Where joy forever dwells : Hail Horrors, hail 
Infernal World, and thou profoundeft Hell 
Receive thy new poffeffor ; one who brings 
A mind not to be chang'd by place or time. 
The mind is its own place, and in itfelf 
Can make a heav'n of hell, a hell of heav'n. 
What matter where, if I be ftill the fame, 
And what I fhould be, all but lefs than he 
Whom thunder hath made greater ? Here at Icaft 
We fhall be free ; th' Almighty hath not built 
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence : 
Here we may reign fecure, and, in my choice, 
To reign is worth ambition though in Hell : 
Better to reign in Hell than ferve in Heav'n. 
But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, 
Th' aflbciates and copartners of our lofs, 
Lie thus aftonifh'd on th' oblivious pool, 
And call them not to {hare with us their part 
In this unhappy manfion, or once more, 
With rallied arms, to try what may be yet 
Regain 'd in heav'n, or what more loft in hell ? 

So Satan ipake, and him Beelzebub 
Thus anfwer'd : Leader of thole armies bright, 
Which but th' Omnipotent none could have foil'i 
If once they hear that voice, their livelieft pledge 
Of hope in fears and dangers, heard fo oft 
In worft extremes, and on the perilous edge- 
Of battle when it rag'd, in all affaults 
Their iureft fignal, they will foon refume 
New courage, and revive ; though now they lie 
Grovelling and proftrate on yon lake of fire, 
As we e'er while, aftounded and amaz'd, 
No wonder, fall'n fuch a pernicious height. 

He fcarce had ceaf 'd, when the fuperior Fiend 
Was moving tow'rd the fhore; hispond'rousfhield, 
Ethereal temper, maffy, large and round, 
Behind him caft ; the broad circumference 
Hung on his fhoulders like the moon, whofe orli 
Through optic glafs the Tufcan artift views 
At evening from the top of Fefole, 
Or in Valdarno, to defcry new lands, 
Rivers or mountains in her fpotty globe. 
His fpear, to equal which the talleft pine, 
Hewn on Norwegian hills to be the maft 
Of fome great admiral, were but a wand, 
He walk'd with to fupport uneafy fteps 
Over the burning mark, not like thofe fleps 
On heaven's azure, and the torrid clime 
Smote on him fore befides, vaulted with fire ^ 
Nathlefs he fo endur'd, till on the beaoh 
Of that inflamed fea he flood, and call'd 


Boot /. 

His legions, angel forms, who lay entranc'd 
Thick as autumnal leaves that flrow the brooks 
In Valambrofa > where th' Etrurian fhades 
High over-arch'd embow'r ; or fcatter'd fedge 
Aflote, when with fierce winds Orien arm'd 
Hath vex'd the Red-fea coaft, whofe waves o'er- 
Bufiris and his Memphian chivalry, [threw 

While with perfidious hatred they purfued 
The fojourners of Gofhen, who beheld 
From the fafe fliore their floating carcafes 
And broken chariot wheels : fo thick beftrown 
Abjed and loft lay thefe, covering the flood, 
Under amazement of their hideous change. 
He call'd fo loud, that all the hollow deep 
Of hell refounded. Princes, Potentates, [loft, 
Warriors, th' flow'r of heav'n, once yours, now 
If fuch aftonifhment as this can feize 
Eternal fpirits ; or have you chofen this place, 
After the toil of battle, to repofe 
Your wearied virtue, for the eafe you find 
To ilumber here, as in the vales of Heav'n ? 
Or in this abjeift pofture have you fvvorn 
To adore the Conqueror ? who now beholds 
Cherub and feraph rolling in the flqpd 
With fcatter'd arms and enfigns, till anon 
His fwift purfuers from heav'n gates difcern 
Th' advantage, and descending tread us down 
Thus drooping, or with linked thunderbolts 
Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf. 
Awake, arife, or be for ever fallen ! [fprung 

They heard, and were abalh'd, and up they 
Upon the wing, as when men wont to watch 
On duty, fieeping found by whom they dread, 
Roufe and beftir themfelves e'er well awake. 
Nor did they not perceive the evil plight 
In which they were, or the fierce pains not feel ; 
Yet to their General's voice they foon obey'd, 
Innumerable. As when the potent rod 
Of Amrdrn's fon, in Egypt's evil day, 
Wav'd round the coaft, up call'd a pitchy cloud 
Of locufts, warping on the B eaftern wind, 
That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung 
Like night, and darken'd all the land of Nile : 
So numberlefs were thofe bad angels feen, I 
Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell, 
'Twixt upper, nether, and furrounding fires ; 
Till, at a fignalgiv'n,th' uplifted fpear 
Of their great Sultan waving to direct 
Their courfe, in even balance down they light 
On the firm brimftone, and fill all the plain ; 
A multitude, like which the populous North 
Ponr'd never from her frozen loins, to pafs 
|lhene or the Danaw, when her barb'rous fons 
Came like a deluge on the South, and fpread 
Beneath Gibraltar to the Lybian fands. 
Forthwith from every fquadron and each band 
The heads and leaders thither hafte, where flood 
Their great Commander; godlike fhapes and forms 
Excelling human, princely dignities, 
And powers that erft in Heaven fat on thrones ; 
Though of their names in heav'nly records now 
Be no memorial, blotted out and ras'd 
iSy their rebellion from the books of Life. 
Nor had they yet among the fons of Eve 
Got them new uames^tillwandring o'er the earth, 

Through God's high fuff'rance for the trial of man> 

By falfities and lies the greateft part 

Of mankind they corrupted to forfake 

God their Creator, and th' invifible 

Glory of him that made them to transform 

Oft to the image of a brute, adorn'd 

With gay religions full of pomp and gold, 

And devils to adore for deities : 

Then were they known to men by various names, 

And various idols through the heathen world. 

Say, Mufe, their names then known, who firft, who 


Rous'd from the flumber, on that fiery couch, 
At their great Emp'ror's call, as next in worth 
Came^fingly where he flood on the bare ftrand, 
While the promifcuous crowd flood yet aloof. 
The chief were thofe who from the pit of Hell 
Roaming to feek their prey on earth, durft fix 
Their feats long after next the feat of God, 
Their altars by his altar, gods ador'd 
Among the nations round, and durft abide 
Jehovah thund'ring out of Sion, thron'd 
Between the cherubim ; yea often piac'd 
Within his fan&uary itfelf their fhrines, 
Abominations ; and with curfed things 
His holy rites and folemn feafts profan'd, 
And with their darknefs durft affront his light. 
Firft Moloch, horrid king, befmear'd with blood 
Of human facrifice, and parent's tears, 
Though for the noife of drums and timbrels loud 
Their children's cries unheard, that pafs'd through 
To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite [fire 

Worfliip'd in Rabba and her watry plain, 
In Argob and in Bafan, to the flream 
Of utmofl Arnon. Nor content with fuch 
Audacious neighbourhood, the wifeft heart 
Of Solomon he led by fraud to build 
His temple right againft the temple of God 
On that opprobrious hill, and made his grove 
The pleaf ant valley of Himmon, Tophet thence 
And black Gehenna call'd, the type of Hell. 
Next Chemos, th' obfcene dread of Moab's fons, 
From Aroar to Nebo, and the wild 
Of fouthnioft Abarim ; in Hefebon 
And Horonaim, Seon's realm, beyond 
Tke flow'ry dale of Sibma, clad with vines, 
And Eleale to th' Afphaltic pcol. 
Peor pis other name, when he ehtic'd 
Ifrae) in Sittim on their inarch from Nile 
TV do him wanton rites, \fchich coft them woc~ 
Yet thence his luftful orgies he enlarg'd 
Ev'n to that hill of fcandal, by the grove 
Of Moloch homicide ; luft hard by hate ; 
Till good Jdfiah drove them thence to Hell. 
With thefe came they, who from the bord'ring 
Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts [flood 
Egypt from Syrian ground, had general names 
Of Baalim and Afhtaroth, thofe male, 
Thefe feminine. For fpirits, when they pleafe r 
Can either fex aflume, or both ; fo foft 
And uncompounded is their eflence pure, 
Not ty'd or manacl'd with joint or limb, 
Nor founded on the brittle ftrength of bones, 
Like cumb'rous flefh ; but in what fhape they choofe 
Dilated or condens'd, bright or obfcure, 



Can execute their airy purpofes, 

And works of love or enmity fulfil. 

For thole the race of Ifraci oft forfook 

Their living ftrength, and unfrequented left 

His righteous altar, bowing lowly down 

To beftial Gods ; for which their heads as low 

Bow'd down in battle, lunk before the fpear 

Of defpicable foes. With thefe in troop 

Came Afhtoreth, whom the Phoenicians call'd 

Aftarte, Queen of Heav'n, with crefctnt horns; 

To whofe bright image nightly by the moon 

Sidonian virgins paid their vows and fongs ; 

In Sion alfo not unfung, where ftood 

Her temple on th' oftenfive mountain, built 

By that uxorious king, whofe heart, though large, 

Beguil'd by fair idolatrefles, fell 

To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind, 

Whofe annual wound in Lebanon allur'd 

The Syrian damfels to lament his fate 

In amorous ditties all a fummer's day ; 

While fmooth Adonis from his native rock 

Ran purple to the fea, luppos'd with blood 

Of Thammuz yearly wounded ; the love-tale 

Infected Sion's daughters with like heat, 

Whofe wanton paflions in the facred porch 

Ezekiel faw, when by the vilion led 

His eye furvey'd the dark idolatries 

Of alienated Judah. Next came one 

Who mourned in earneft, when the captive ark 

Maim'd his brute image, head and hands lopt off 

In his own temple, on the grunfel edge, 

Where he fell flat, and fham'd his worlhippers : 

Dagon his name, fea-monfter, upward man 

And downward fifh : yet had his temple high 

Rear'd in Azotus, dreaded through the coaft. 

Of Paleftine, in Gath and Afcalon, 

And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds. 

Him follow'd Rimmon, whofe deligtful feat 

Was fair Damafcus, on the fertile banks 

Of Abbana and Phajphar, lucid ftreams. 

He alfo againft the houfe of God was bold : 

A leper once he loft, and gain'd a king, 

Ahaz his fottifh conqu'ror, whom he drew 

God's altar to difparage and difplace 

For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn 

His odious offerings, and adore the Gods 

Whom he had vanquifh'd. After thefe appear'd 

A crew, who, under names of old renown, 

Ofiris, Ifis, Orus and their train, 

With monft'rous fhapes and forceries abus'd 

Fanatic Egypt and her priefts, to feek 

Their wand'ring gods difguis'd in brutifh forms 

Rather than human. Nor did Ifrael 'fcape 

Th' infection, when their borrow'dgold compos'd 

The calf in Oreb ; and the rebel king 

Doubled that fin in Bethel and in Dan, 

Likening his Maker to the grazed ox, 

Jehovah, who in one night when he pafs'd 

From Egypt marching, equall'd with one ftroke 

Both her firft-born and all her bleating gods. 

Belial came laft, than whom a fp'rit more lewd 

Fell not from heaven, or more grofs to love 

Vice for itfelf : to him no temple ftood 

Or altar fmok'd ; yet who more oft than he 

Ja temples and at altars, when the prieft. 

Turns Atheift, as did Eli's fons, who filTd 

With luft and violence the houfe of God ? 

In courts and palaces he alfo reigns, 

And in luxurious cities, where the noife 

Of riot afcends above their lot deft towers, 

And injury and outrage : and when Night 

Darkens the ftreets, then wander forth the fons 

Of Belial, flown with infolence and wine. 

Witneis the ftreets of Sodom, and that night 

In Gibeah, when the hofpitable door 

Expos'd a matron to avoid worfe rape. 

Thefe were the prime in order and in might ; 

The reft were long to tell, though far renown'd, 

Th' Ionian gods of Javan's iffue held 

Gods, yet confefled later than Heav'n and Earth, 

Their boafted parents : Titan, Heav'n's firft-horn* 

With his enormous brood, and birthright feiz'd 

By younger Saturn ; he from mightier Jove 

His own and Rhea's fon like meafure found; 

So Jove ufurping reign'd : thefe firft in Crete 

And Ida known, thence OH the fnowy top 

Of cold Olympus rul v d the middle air, 

Their higheft heaven ; or on the Delphian cliff, 

Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds 

Of Doric land ; or who with Saturn old 

Fled over Adria to th' Hefperian fields, 

And o'er the Celtic roam'd the utmoft ifles. 

All thefe and more came flocking; but with lookt 
Downcaft and dampt, yet fuch wherein appear'd 
Obfcure fome glimpfe of joy, to 'ave found their 


Not in defpair, to 'ave found themfelves not loft 
In lofs itfelf ; which on his countenance caft 
Like doubtful hue : but he his wonted pride 
Soon recollecting, with high words that bore 
Semblance of worth, notfubftance, gently rais'd 
Their fainting courage, and difpell'd their fears. 
Then ftrait commands, that at the warlike found 
Of trumpets loud and clarions be uprear'd 
His mighty ftandard ; that proud honour claim'd" 
Azazel as his right, a cherub tall ; 
Who forthwith from the glittering ftaff unfurl'st 
Th' imperial enfign, which full high advanc'd 
Shone like a meteor ftreaming to the wind, 
With gems and golden luftre rich emblaz'd,- 
Seraphic arms and trophies ; all the while 
Sonorous metal blowing martial founds : 
At which the univerfal hoft up fent 
A fhout that tore Hell's concave, and beyond' 
Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. 
All m a moment through the gloom were feeir 
Ten thoufand banners rife into the air 
With orient colours waving : with them rofe 
A foreft huge of fpears ; and thronging helms 
Appear'd, and ferried fhields in thick array 
Of depth immeafurable : anon they move 
In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood 
Of flutes and foft recorders ; fuch as rais'd 
To height of nobleft. temper heroes old 
Arming to battle ; and inftead of rage 
Deliberate valour breath 'd, firm and unmov'd 
With dread of death to flight or foul retreat ; 
Nor wanting pow'r to mitigate and fwage 
With folemn touches troubled thoughts, and chaft" 
Anguiih and doubt, and fear, and forrow, and pain, 


Front mortal or immortal winds. Thus they, 
Breathing united force, with fixed thought 
Mov'd on in lilence to fot't pipes that charm'd 
*l'heir painful {heps o'er the hurnt foil ; and now 
Advanc'd in view, they {land, a horrid front 
Of dreadful length and dazzling ;trms, in guife 
(Df warriors old with order'd fpear and fhi-eld, 
Awaiting what command their mighty chref 
Had to impofe. ; he through the untied files 
Darts his experienced eye, and icon traverfe 
The whole battalion, views their order due, 
Their vifages and ftature, as of gods ; 
Their number laft he fums. And now his heart 
Diftends with pride, and hard ning in his ftrength 
Crlories : for never finc'e created man 
Met fuch embodied force, as nam'd with thefe 
Could merit more than that fmall infantry 
Warr'd on by cranes; though all the giant brood 
Of Phlegra with th' heroic race were join'd 
That fought at Thebes and Ilium, on each fide 
?vlix'd with aitxiliar Gods t and what refounds 
la fable or romance of Uther's fon, 
Begirt with Briiifh and Armoric knights; 
And all who fmce,baptiz'd or infidel, 
Joufled in Afprr.mont or ATontalban, 
Damafco, or Marocco, or Trebifond, 
Or whom Biferta fent from Afric's fnore, 
When Charlemain, with all his peerage, fell 
By Fontarabia. Thus far thefe beyond 
Compare of mortal prow els, yet obferv'd 
Their dread Commander : he above the reft 
Jfl fhape and geihir'e proudly eminent, 
.Stood like a tower ; his form had not yet loft 
All her original brightncfs, nor appear'd 
I-efs than Arch-angel ruin'd, and th' excefs 
Of glory obicur'd ; as when the fun new riien 
Looks through the horizontal mifty air 
.Shorn of his beams, or from behind the moon 
In dim eclipfe diiaftrous twilight fheds 
On half the nations, and with fear of change 
Perplexes monarchs. Darken'd fo, yet (hone 
Above them all th' Arch-angel ; but his face 
Beep fears of thunder had entrenched, and Care 
Sat on his faded cheek, but under-brows 
Of dauhtlcfs conrage, and crtnfiderate pride 
Waiting revenge : cruel his eye, but call 
Signs of remorfe and palh'on to behold 
The fellows of his crime, the followers rather 
{Far other once beheld in blifs) condemned 
For ever now to have their lot in paiiij 
Millions of fpirits for his fault amerc'd 
Of Heav'n, and from eternal fplendors flung 
For his revolt, yet faithful, how they ibood^ 
Their glory wither'd : as when Heaven's lire 
Hath fcath'd the forell oaks, or mountain pines; 
With linked top their {lately growth, though bare, 
Stands on the blafted heath. He now prepar'd 
To fpeak Whereat their doubled ranks they bend 
From wing to wing, and half'inclofe him round 
"With all his peers : attention held them mute. 
Thrice he effay'd, and thrice in fpite of fcorn, 
Tears fuch as angels weep, burft forth : at laft 
Words, interwove with fighs, found out their way. 

O myriads of immortal Sp'rits ! O Powers 
Atatchlefs ! but with th' Almighty, and that ftrife 

Was not inglorious, though th' event was dire, 

As this place tcftifies, and this dire change, 

Hateful to utter : but what pow'r of mind 

Forefeeing or prefaging, from the depth 

Of knowledge pad or prefent, could have fear'd, 

How fuch united force of gods, how fuch 

As {lood like thefe, could ever know repulfe ? 

For who can yet believe, though after lofs, 

That all thefe puiffant legions, whofe exile 

Hath- emptied Heav'n, fliall fail to re-afcend, 

Self-railed, and repoffeffes their native feat ? 

For me he witnefs, all the hoft of heaven, 

If counfels different, or danger fhunn'd 

By me, have loft our hopes. But he who reignsi 

Monarch in Heav'n, till then as 6ne fecure 

Sat on his throne, upheld by old repute 

Confent or cuftom, and his regal flate 

Put forth at full ; but: ftill his ftrength conceal'd, 

Which tempted our attempt, and wrought our fall. 

Henceforth his might we know, and know our own^ 

So as not either to provoke, or dread 

New war, provok'd ; our better part remains 

To work in clofe defign, by fraud or guile, 

What force effected not ; that he no lefs 

At length from us may find, who overcomes 

By force, hath overcome but half his foe. 

Space may produce new worlds ; whereof fo rife 

There went a fame in Heav'n, that he e'er long 

Intended to create, and therein plant 

A generation, whom his choice regard 

Should favour equal to the fons of Heav'n : 

Thither, if but to pry, fhall be perhaps 

Our firft eruption, thither or elfewlure : 

For this infernal pit fhall never hold 

Celeftial fp'rlts in bondage, nor th' abyfs 

Long under darknefs cover. But thefe thoughts 

Full counfel muft mature : peace is defpair'd, 

For who can think fubmiffion ? War then, war, 

Open or underftood, refoiv'd. 

He fpake '. and to confirm his words, out-flew 
Millions of flaming fvvords, drawn from the thighs 
Of mighty cherubim ; the fudden blaze 
Far round illumin'd Hell : highly they rag'd 
Againft the Higheft, and fierce with grafped arms 
Clafh'd o.n their founding fhields the din of war 
Hurling defiance tow'rd the vault of heav'n. 

There ftood a hill not far,- whofe grifly top 
Belch'd fire and rolling frnoke 5 the reft entire 
Shone with a gloily fcurf, undoubted fign 
That in his womb was hid metallic ore, 
The work of fqlphur. Thither wing'd with fpeedt 
A numerous brigade haften'd : as when bands 
Of pioneers, with fpade and pick-axe arnVd, 
Forerun the royal camp, to trench a field, 
Or caft a rampart. Mammon led them on, 
Mammon, the leaft creeled fp'rit that fell 
From Heav'n, for ev'n in Heav'n his looks ani 


Were always downward bent,- admiring more 
The riches of Heav'n's pavement, trodden gold; 
Than ought divine, or holy elfe enjoy'd 
In vifion beatific : by him firft 
M en alfo, and by his fuggeftion taiight, 
Ranfack'd the centre, and with impious ha'ndt 
Rifled the bowels of their mother Earth 



For treasures better hid. Soon had his crew 

Open'd into the hill a fpacious wound, 

And digg'd out ribs of gold. Let none admire 

That riches grow in Hell ; that foil may heft 

Deferve the precious bane. And here let thofe 

Who boaft in mortal things, and wond'ring tell 

Of Babel, and the works of Memphfen kings, 

Learn how their greateft monuments of fame, 

And ftrength, and art, are eafily out-done 

By fpirits reprobate, and in an hour 

What in an age they with inceffunt toil, 

And hands innumerable, fcarce perform. 

Nigh on the plain in many cells prepar'd, 

That underneath had veins of liquid fire 

Sluic'd from the lake, a fecond multitude 

With wondrous art founded the majTy ore, 

Sev'ring each kind, and fcumm'd the bullion drofs; 

A third as foon had form'd within the ground 

A various mould, and from the boiling cells, 

By ftrange coaveyance, fill'd each bollow nook, 

As in an organ from one blaft of wind 

To many a row of pipes the found-board breathes. 

Anon, out of the earth a fabric huge 

B-ofe like an exhalation, with the found 

Of dulcet fymphonies and voices fweet r 

Built like a temple, where pilafters round 

Were fet, and Doric pillars overlaid 

With golden architrave ; nor did there Want 

Cornice or frieze, with bofly fculptures graven ; 

The roof was fretted gold. Not Babylon, 

Nor great Alcairo filch magnificence 

Equall'd in all their glories, to hifhrrne 

Belus or Serapis their gods, or feat 

Their kings, when Egypt with Affyria ftrove 

In wealth and luxury. Th' afcending pile 

Stood fix'd her ftately height, and ftrait the doors 

Opening their brazen folds, difcover wide 

Within her ample fpaces o'er the fmooth 

And level pavement : from the arched roof 

Pendent by fubtile magic, many a row 

Of ftarry lamps and blazing creflets, fed 

With Naptha and Afphaltus, yielded light 

As from a fky. The hafty multitude 

Admiring enter'd, and the work fome praife, 

And fome the Architect : his hand was known 

In Heav'n by many a towered ftru&ure high. 

Where fcepter'd angels held their refidence, 

And fat as princes, whom the fupreme king, 

Exalted to fuch power, and gave to rule, 

Each in his hierarchy, the orders bright. 

Nor was his name unheard or unador'd 

In ancient Greece ; and in Aufonian land 

Men call'd him Mulciber ; and how he fell 

From heav'n they fabled, thrown by angry Jove 

Sheer o'er the cryftal battlements : from morn 

To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve, 

A fummer's day ; and with the fetting fun 

Dropt from the zenith, like a fulling ftar, 

On Lemnos th' ^Egean ifle : thus they relate, 

Erring ; for he with this rebellious rout 

Fell long before ; nor ought avuil'd him now 

T' have built in Heav'n hi'gh tow'rs ; nor did &e 


By all his engines,, but was headlong fent, 
With his induftrious crew, to build in Hell. 

Mean while the winged heralds by cornmaifd 
Of fov' reign pow'r, with awful ceremony 
And trumpet's found, throughout the hoft proclaim^ 
A folemn council forthwith to be held 
At Pandemonium, the high capital 
Of Satan and his peers : their fummons call'd 
From every band and fquared regiment 
By place or choice the worthieft ; they anon 
With hundreds and with thoufands trooping came 
Attended : all accefs was throng'd, the gates, 
And porches wide, but chief the fpacious hull 
(Though like a cover'd field, where champions 


Wont ride in arm'd, and at the Soldan*s chair 
Defy'd the beft of Panim chivalry 
To mortal combat, or career with lance) 
Thick fwarrrTd, both on the ground and in the air 
Brufh'd with the : hifs of ruftling wings. As bees 
In fpring-time, when the fun with Taurus rides, 
Pour forth their populous youth about the hive 
In clufters ; they among frelh dews and flowers 
Fly to and fre, or on the fmoothed plank, 
The fuburb of their ftraw-built citadel, 
New rubb'd with balm, expatiate and confer 
Their ftate affairs. So thick the airy crowd 
Swarm'd and were ftraiten'd ; till,. the fignal given. 
Behold a wonder ! they but now who feem'd 
In bignefs to furpafs earth's giant fons, 
Now lefs than fmalleft dwarfs, in narrow room 
Throng numberlefs, like that Pygmean race 
Beyond the Indian mount, or fairy elves, 
Whofe midnight revels by a foreft fide 
Or fountain fome belated peafant fees, 
Or dreams he fees, while over-head the moon 
Sits arbitrefs, and nearer to the earth 
Wheels her pale courfe ; they on their mirth and 
Intent with jocund mufic charm his ear ; [dance 
At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. 
Thus incorporeal fp'rits to fmalleft forms 
Reduc'd their fhapes immenfe, and were at larg r 
Though without number ftill amidft the hall 
Of that infernal court. But far within, 
And in their own dimenfions like themfelves, 
The great feraphic lords and cherubim 
In clofe recefs and fecret conclave, fat 
A thoufand demi-gods on golden feats, 
Frequent and full. After fhort filence then, 
And fummons read, the great confult began. 




The consultation begun, Satan debates whether another battle be to be hazarded for the recovery of 
Heaven : fome advife it, others diffuade. A third propofal is preferr'd, mentioned before by Satan^ 
to fearch the truth of that prophecy or tradition in Heaven concerning another world, and another 
kind of creature, equal or not much inferior to themfelves, about this time to be created : their 
doubt who fhall be fent on this difficult fearch : Satan, their chief, undertakes alone the voyage, is 
honour'd and applauded. The council thus ended, the reft betake them feveral ways, and to feveral 
employments, as their inclinations led them, to entertain the time till Satan return. He 'paffes oh 
his journey to Hell gates, finds them fhut, and who fat there to guard them, by whom at length they 
are open'd, and difcover to him the great gulf between Hell and Heaven ; with what difficulty h<j 
pafies through, directed by Chaos, the power of that place, to the fight of this new world which he 

HIGH on a throne of royal ftate, which far 

Outfhone the wealth of Ormos and of Ind, 

Or where the gorgeous eaft with richeft hand 

Show'rs on her kings barbaric pearl and gold, 

Satan exalted fat, by merit rais'd 

To that bad eminence ; and from defpair 

Thus high uplifted beyond hope, afpires 

Beyond thus high, iniatiate to purfue 

Vain war with heav'n, and, by fuccefs untaught, 

His proud imaginations thus difplay'd, 

Pow'rs and dominions, deities of Heav'n, 
For fince no deep within her gulph can hold 
Immortal vigour, though opprefs'd and fall'n 
I give not heav'n for loft. From this defcent 
Celeftial virtues rifing, will appear 
More glorious and more dread than from no fall. 
And truft themfelves to fear no fecond fate. 
Me though juft right, and the fix'd laws of Heav'n 
Did firft create your leader, next free choice, 
With what befides, in counfel or in fight, 
Hath been achiev'd of n^erit, yet this lofs, 
Thus far at leaft recover'd, hath much more 
Eftablifh'd in a fafe and unenvied throne, 
Yielded with full confent. The happier ftate 
In heav'n, which follows dignity, might draw 
Envy from each inferior ; but who here 
"Will envy whom the higheft place expofes 
Poremoft to ftand againft the thund'rer's aim, 
Your bulwark, and condemns to greateft fhare 

Of endlefs pain ? where there is then no good 
For which to ftrive, no ftrife can grow up there 
From faction ; for none fure will claim in Hell 
Precedence ; none whofe portion is fo fmall 
Of prefent pain, that with ambitious mind 
Will covet more. With this advantage then 
To union, and firm faith, and firm accord, 
More than can be in Heaven, we now return 
To claim our juft inheritance of old, 
Surer to profper than profperity 
Could have aflur'd us ; and by what beft way, 
Whether of open war or covert guile, 
We now debate ; who can advife may fpeak. 

He ceaf'd; and next him Moloch, fcepter'd king, 
Stood up, the ftrongeft and the fierceft fpirit 
That fought in heaven, now fiercer by defpair : 
His truft was with th' Eternal to be deem'd 
Equal in ftrength, and rather than be lefs 
Car'd not to be at all ; with that care loft 
Went all his fear : of God, or hell, or worfe 
He reck'd not, and thefe words thereafter fpake. 

My fentence is for open war : of wiles, 
More unexpert, I boaft not : them let thofe 
Contrive who need, or when they need, not now^ 
For while they fit contriving, fliall the reft, 
Millions that ftand in arms, and longing wait 
The fignal to afcend, fit ling'ring here 
Heav'ns fugitives, and for their dwelling place 
Accept this dark oppobrious den of lhame. 



The prifon of his tyranny who reigns 
By our delay ? No, let us rather choofe, 
Arm'd with hell flames and fury, all at once 
O'er heav'n's high tow'rs to force refiftlefs way, 
Turning- our tortures into horrid arms 
'Againft the tort'rer ; when to meet the noife 
Of his almighty engine he (hall hear 
Infernal thunder, and for lightning fee 
Black fire and horror fhot with equal rage 
Among his angels, and his throne itfelf 
Mix'd with Tartarean fulphur, and ftrange fire, 
His own invented torments. But, perhaps, 
The way feems difficult and fteep to fcale 
With upright wing agninft a higher foe. 
Let fuch bethink them, if the fleepy drench 
Of that forgetful lake benumb not iti'l, 
That in our proper motion we afcend 
Up to our native feat : defcent and fall 
To us is adverfe. Who but felt of late, 
When the fierce foe hung on our broken rear, 
Infulting, and purfued us through the deep, 
With what compulfiofl and laborious ilight 
-We funk thus low ? Th' afcent is eafy then ; 
Th' event is fear'd ; fhould we again provoke 
Our ftronger, fome worfe way his wrath may find 
To our deftrucSrion ; if there be in hell 
Fear to be worfe deftroy'd ' what can be worfe 
Than to dwell here, driv'n out from blifs, con- 
In this abhorred deep to utter woe ; [demn'd 
Where pain of unextinguifhable fire 
Muft exercife us, without hope of end, 
The vaffals of his anger, when the fcourge 
Inexorably, and the torturing hour 
Calls us to penance ? More deilroy'd than thus, 
We fhould be quite abolifh'd, and expire. 
What fear we then ? what doubt we to incenfe 
His utmoft ire ? which, to the height enrag'd, 
Will either quite coniume us, and reduce 
: To nothing this effential, happier far 
Than miferable to have eternal being : 
iOr if our fubftance be indeed divine, 
And cannot ceafe to be, we are at word 
! ( On this fide nothing ; and by proof we fell, 
Our pow'r fufficient to difturb his heav'n, 
I And with perpetual inroads to alarm, 
^Though innaceffible, his fatal throne : 
I Which, if not victory, is yet revenge. 
,j He ended frowning, and his look denounced 
Defp'rate revenge, and battle dangerous 
I.To lefs than gods. On th' other fide up rofe 
Belial, in acr. more graceful and humane ; 
A fairer perfon loft not heaVn ; he feem'd 
Por dignity compofd, and high exploit : 
But all was falfe and hollow ; though his tongue 
Dropt manna, and could make the worfe appear 
The better reafon, to perplex and dafh 
'Matureft couniels : for his thoughts were low, 
To vice induftrious, but to nobler deeds 
Timorous and flothful : yet he pleaf'd the ear, 
And with perfuafive accent thus began : 
I fhould be much for open war, O Peers, 
"As not behind in hate ; if what was urg'd 
Main reafon to perfuade immediate war, 
'Did not difluade me moft, and feem to caffc 
miaous conje&ure on the whole fuccefs : 

When he" who moft excels in fact of arms, 
In what he counfeh, and in what excels, 
Mistruftful, grounds his courage on defpair, 
And utter diffolution, as the fcope 
Of all his aim, after fome dire- revenge. 
Firft, what rei^enge ? the towers of heav'n are fill'd 
With armed watch, that render all accefs 
Impregnable ; oft on the bord'ring deep 
Encamp their legions, or with obfcure wing 
Scout far and wide into the realm of night, 
Scorning furprife. Or could we break pur way 
By force, and at our heels all hell fhould rife 
With blackeft infurre6tion, to confound 
Heav'n's purcft light, yet our great" enemy, 
All incorruptible, would on his throne 
Sit unpolluted, and th' ethereal mould, 
Incapable of flain, would foon expel 
Her milchief, and purge off the bafer fire, 
Victorious. Thus repuif'd, our final hope' ; 
Is flat defpair : we muft exafperate 
Th' almighty vidor to fpend all his rage, 
And that muft end us ; -that muft be our cure. 
To be no more ; fad cure ! for who would loie,' 
Though full of pain, this intellectual being, 
Thofe thoughts that wander through eternity, 
To perifh rather, iwallow'd up and loft 
In the wide womb of uncreated night, 
Devoid of fenfe and motion ? and who knows, 
Let this be good, .whether our angry foe 
Can give it, or will ever ? how he can, 
Is doubtful ; that he never will, is fure. 
Will he, fo wife, let loofe at once his ire, 
Belike through impotence, or unaware, 
To give his enemies their wifh, and end 
Them in his anger, whom his anger faves 
To punifli endlefs ? Wherefore ceafe we then ? 
Say they who counfel war, we are decreed, 
Referv'd, and deftin'd to eternal woe ; 
Whatever doing, what can we fuffer more, 
What can we fuffer worfe ? Is this then worft, 
Thus fitting, thus confulting, thus in arms ? 
What, when we fled amain, and purfu'd and ftruck 
With heav'n's afflicting thunder, and befought 
The deep to fhelter us ? this hell then feem'd 
A refuge from thofe wounds : or when we lay 
Chain'd on the burning lake ? that fure was worfe, 1 
What, if the breath that kindled thofe grim fires,' 
Awak'd, fhould blow them into feven-fold-rage,' 
And plunge us in the flames ? or from above, 
Should intermitted vengeance arm again 
His red right hand to plague us ? what, if all 
Her ftores were open'd, and this firmament . 
Of hell fhould fpout her cataracts of fire, 
Impendent horrors, threat'ning hideous fall 
One day upon our heads ; while we, perhaps, 
Defigning or exhorting glorious war, 
Caught in a fiery tempeft, ihall be hurl'd 
Each on his rock transflx'd, the fport and prey 
Of wracking whirlwinds, or for ever funk 
Under yon boiling ocean, wrapt in chains; ^TJ.I 
There to converfe with everlafting groans, 
Unrefpited, unpitied, unrepriev'd, . 
Ages of hopelefs end ? this would be worfe. 
War, therefore, open or conceal'd, alike 
My voice diffuades; for what cap force or guile 



With liim,r who deceive his mind, whole eye 
Views ail things at one view ? he from heav'n's 
All thefe our motions vain fees and-derides ; [height 
Not more almighty to refift our might, 
Than wife to fruftrate all our plots and wiles. 
Shall we then live thus viler, the race of heaven, 
7'hus trampled r thus expell'd to fuffer here 
Chains and thefe torments ? better thefe than worfe 
By my advice; fmce fate inevitable 
Subdues us, and omnipotent decree, 
The vigor's will.- To fuffer, as to do, 
Our ftrength is equal, nor the law unjuft 
That fo ordains : this was at firft refolv'd, 
If we were wife, againft fo great a foe 
Contending, and ib doubtful what might fall. 
I laugh, when thofe who at the fpear are bold 
And vent'rous,Jf that fail them, fhrink and fear 
What yet they know muft follow, to endure 
Bxile, or ignomiay, or bonds, or pain, 
The fentence of their conqueror : this is now 
Our doom ; v/hich it" we can fuftain and bear, 
Our fuprcme foe iii time may much remit 
His anger, and perhaps thus far remov'd, 
Not mind us. not offending, fatisfyM 
With what is punifh'b! ; whence thefe ranging fires 
Will flacker;, if his breath ftir not their flames. 
Our purer effence then will overcome 
Their noxious vapour, or, innr'd, not feel, 
Or chang'd at length, and to the plaee conformed 
In temper and in- nature, will receive 
Familiar the fierce heat, and void of pain ;' 
This horror will grow mild, this darknefs light, 
Befides what hope the never-ending flight [change 
Of future days may bring, whnt chance, what 
Worth waiting, fince our prefent lot appears 
For happy though but ill, for ill not worft, 
If we procure not to ourfelves more woe. [garb", 
Thus Belial, with words cloth'd in reaibn's 
Counfel'd ignoble eafe, and peaceful floth, 
Not peace : and after him thus Mammon fpake : 

Either to difenthrone the King of Heaven 
We war, if war be beft, or to regain- 
Our own right loft:' him to unthrone we then 
May hope, when everlafting fate fhall yield 
To fickle chance, and Chaos judge the ftrii'c : 
The former vain to hope, argues as vain 
The latter : for what place can be for us 
Within heav'n's bound, unlefs heav'n's Lord fa- 
We overpow'r ? Suppofe he P-"ould relent, [preme 
And publifh grace to all, on promife made 
Of new fubjetSHon ; with what eyes could we 
Stand in his prefence humble, and receive 
Strict laws impos'd to celebrate his throne 
With warbled hymns, and to his Godhead fing 
Forc'd hallelujahs ; while he lordly fits 
Our envied Sovereign, and his altar breathes 
Ambrofial odors and ambrofial flowers, 
Our fervile offerings ? This muft be our taik 
In heav'n, this our delight ; how wearifome 
Eternity fo fpent in worfhip paid 
To whom we hate ! Let us not then purfue 
By force impoffible, by leave obtain'd 
Unacceptable, though in heav'n, our ftate 
Of fplendid vaffalage ; but rather feek 
Qvir own good from ourlelvc-s, and from our own, 

Live to ourfclvcs, though in this vaft recefs, 

Free, and to none accountable, preferring 

Hard liberty before the eafy yoke 

Of fervile pomp. Our greatnefs y/ill appear 

Then moft conspicuous, when great things of fmall, 

Ul'eful of hurtful, profp'rous of adverfe 

We can create, in what place foe'er 

Thrive under evil, and work eafe out of pain, 

Through labour and endurance. This deep world 

Of darknefs do we dread ? How oft amidft 

Thick clouds and dark deth heaven's all-ruling 

Choofe to refide, his glory unobfcur'd, [fire 

And with the majefly of darknefs round 

Covers his throne ; from whence deep thunders roar, 

MufL'ring their rage, and heav'n refembles hell ? 

A* he our darknefs, cannot we his light 

Imitate when we ploafe ? This defert foil 

Wants not her hidden luilre, gems and gold ; 

Nor want we fkill or art, from whence to raife 

Magnificence ; and what can heav n (hew more t 

Our torments alfo may in length of time 

Become our elements ; thefe piercing fires 

As foft as now fevere ; our temper chang'd 

Into their temper ; which muft needs remove 

The fenfible of pain. All things invite 

'Fo peaceful couniels, and the fettled ftate 

Of order, how in fafety beft we may 

Compofe our prefent evils, with regard 

()f what we are and where, difmifiing quite 

All thoughts of war. Ye have what I advife. 

He fcarce had fmifh'd, when fuch murmur fill' 
Th' affembly, as when hollow rocks retain 
The found of bluft ring winds, which all night Icn 
Had rous'd the fea, now with hoarfe cadence lull 
Sea-faring men o'erwatch d,whofe bark by chance 
Or pinnace anchors in a craggy bay 
After the tempeft : fuch applaufe was heard 
As Mammon ended, and his fentence pleas'd, 
Advifing peace : for fuch another field 
They dreaded worfe than hell : fo much the feas 
Of thunder and the fword of Michael 
Wrought ftill within them : and no lefs defire 
To found this nether empire, which might rife 
By policy, and long procefs of time, 
In emulation oppofite to Heav'n. 
Which, when Beelzebub perceiv'd, than whom, 
Satan except, none higher fat, with grave 
AfpecSt he rofe, and in his pfing feem'd 
A piU'ar of ftate ; deep en his front ingraven 
Deliberation fat^ and public care ; 
And princely counfel in his face yet fhone 
Majeftic, though in ruin : fage he flood, 
With Atlantean fhoulders fit to bear 
The weight of mightieft monarchies ; las look 
Drew audience and attention ftill as night 
Or fummer's noon-tide air, while thus he fpake : 

Thrones and imperial pow'rs, offspring of 
Ethereal virtues ; or thefe titles now [Heav'n, 
Muft we renounce, and, changing (tile, be call'd 
Princes of Hell ? for fo the popular vote 
Inclines, here to continue, and build up here 
A growing empire ; doubtlefs, while we dream, 
And know not that the King of Heav'n hatll 

This place our dungeon, not our fafe retreat 

&ook IT. 


Beyond his potent ?.rm, to live exempt 

From Heav'n's high jurifdietion, in new league 

Banded againft his throne, but to remain 

In ftricteft bondage, tho' thus far remov'd, 

tinder th' inevitable curb referv'd 

His captivb multitude : for he, be fure, 

In height or depth, {till firft and laft will reign 

Sole king, and of his kingdom lofe no part 

By our revolt, but over hell extend 

His empire, and with iron fceptre rule 

Us here, as with his golden thole in heav'n. 

What! fit we then projecting peace and war ? 

"War hath determin'd us, and foil'd with lois 

Irreparable ; terms of peace yet none 

Vouchfaf 'd or fought ; for what peace will be given 

To us inflav'd, but cuftody fevere, 

And ftripes, and arbitrary punifhrnert 

Inflicted ? and what peace can we return 

But to our power hoftility and hate, 

Untam'd reluctance, and revenge, though flow, 

Yet ever plotting how the Conqu'ror lealt 

May reap his conqueft, and may leaft rejoice 

In doing what we moft in fullering feel ? 

Nor will occafion want, r,or fhall we need, 

With dangerous expedition, to invade. 

Heav'n, whofe high walls fear or fiege, 

Or ambufh from the deep. What, if we find 

Some eafier enterprife ? There is a place, 

(If ancient and prophetic fame in heav'n 

F,rr not) another world, the happy feat 

Of fome new race call'd MAN, about this time 

To be created like to us, though lefs 

In power and excellence, but favour'd more 

Of him who rules above ; fo was his will 

Proncunc'd among the gods; and, by an oath, 

That ihook heaven's whole circumference, con- 


Thither let us bend all our thoughts, to learn 
ttfhat creatures there inhabit, of what mould 
Or fubftance, how endu'd, and what their power, 
And where their weakncfs, how attempted heft, 
By force or fubtlcty. Though Heav'n be fhut, 
And Heav'n's high Arbitrator fit fecure 
In his own ftrength, this place may lie expos'd, 
The utmoft. border of his kingdom, left, 
To their defence who hold it : here perhaps 
Some advantageous act may be achiev'd 
JBy fudden onfet, either with hell fire 
To wafte his whole creation, or ppffefs 
All as our own, and drive, as we were driven, 
The puny habitants ; or if not drive, 
Seduce them to, our party, that their God 
May prove their foe, and with repenting hand 
Abolifh his own works. This would furpafs 
Common revenge, and interrupt his joy 
In ouf cpnfufion, and our joy upraife 
In his difturbance ; when his darling fons, , - 

| Hurl'd head-long to partake with us, fhall curfe 
Their Frail original, and faded blifs, 

i Faded fo foon. Advife if this be worth 
Attemping, or to fit in darknefs here . 
Hatching vain empires. Thus Beelzebub 

j Pleaded his devililh coun&l, firft devis'd 
By Satan, and in part propos'd : for whence, 
But from the author of all ill, could fpriug 

So deep a malice, to confound the race 
Of mankind in one root, and earth with hell 
To mingle and involve, done all to fpite 
The great Creator ? But their fpite ftill fervfea 
His glory to augment. The bold defign 
Pleas'd highly thole infernal States, and joy 
Sparkled in all their eyes; with. full affent 
They vote : whereat his fpeech. lie thus renews: 

Well have ye judg'd, well ended long debate^ 
Synod of gods, and, like to what ye are, 
Crcat things refolv'd, which from the lowed deep 
Will once more lift us up, in fpite of fate, 
Nearer our ancient feat ; perhaps in view [arms 
Of thofe bright confines, whence with neighboring 
And opportune exct'vfion, we may chance 
He-enter heav'n ; or elfe in fome mild (zone 
Dwell not unvifited of heay'n's fair light 
Secure, a'nd at the frightening orient beam 
Purge off this gloom ; the foft delicious air, . 
To heal the fear of thei'e corrofive fires, [fend 
Shall breathe her balm. But firft, whom {hail we 
In fearch of this new world ? whom fhall we find 
Sufficient ? who fhall tempt with wand' ring feet 
The dark unbottom'd infinite abyfs, 
And. through the palpable obfcufe find out 
His uncouth way, or fpread his airy flight, 
Upborne with indefatigable wings, 
Over the vaft abrubt, e'er he arrive 
The happy ifle ; what ftrength, what art can then 
Suffice, or what evaiion bear him fafe 
Through the ftrict fenteries and flations thick 
Of angels watching round ? Here he had need 
All circumfpection, and we now no lefs 
Choice in their fuffrage ; for on whom we fend, 
The weight of all and our laft hope relies. 

This laid, he fat ; and expectation held 
His looks fufpenfe,. awaiting who appear'd, 
To fecond, or oppofe, or undertake 
The perilous attempt : but all fat mute, 
Pond'ring the clanger with deep thoughts; and 
In others count'nan.ce read his own difmay, [each 
Aftonifh'd ; none among .the choice and prime 
Of thbfe heav'n-warring champions, could bft 
So hardy as to proffer or accept [found 

Alone the dreadful voyage ; till at laft 
Satan, whom now tranfcendeut glory rais'd 
Above his fellows, with monarchial pride 
Confciou? of higheft worth, unmov'd, thus fpake : 
. O progeny or. heav'n ! empyreal thrones ! 
With reafon hath deep filence and demur 
Seis'd us, though undifmay'd : long is the way, 
And hard, that out of hell leads up to light ; 
Our prifon ftrong ; this huge convex of lire, 
Outrageous to devour, immures us round, 
Ninefold, and gates o burning adamant 
Barr'd over us, prohibit all egrefs. 
Thefe pafs'd, if any pafs, the void profound 
Of unefiential Night receives him next 
Wide gaping, and with utter lofs of being 
Threatens him, plung'd in that abortive gulf* 
If thence he 'fcape, into whatever world, 
Or unknown region, what remains him left 
Than unknown dangers, and as hard efcape ? 
But I fhould ill become this throne, O Pterg! 
And this i jiperial foVreignty, adorn' d 


^Tith fplendor, arm'd with power, If ought pro- 
And j'idg'd of puhlic moment, in the fhape [pos'd 
Of difficulty or danger could deter 
Me from attempting. Wherefore do I aflume 
Thefe royalties, and not refufe to reign, 
Refufing to accept as great a (hare 
Of hazard as of honour, due alike 
To him who reigns, and fo much to him due 
Of hazard more, as he above the reft 
High honour'd fits? Go, therefore, mighty powers, 
Terror of Heav'n, tho' fall'n ; intend at home, 
While here fhall be our home, what heft may eafe 
The prefent mifery, and render Hell 
More tolerable ; if there he cure or charm 
To refpite, or deceive, or flack the pain 
Of this ill manfion r intermit no watch 
Againft a wakeful foe, while I abroad 
Through all the coafts of dark deftrticlion, feek 
Deliverance for us all : this enterprife 
None fhall partake with me. Thus faying, rofe 
The monarch, and prevented all reply, 
Prudent, left from his refolution rais'd, 
Others among the chief might offer now 
(Certain to be refus'd) what erft they fear'd ; 
And fo refus'd, might in opinion ftancl 
His rivals, winning cheap the high repute [they 
Which he through hazard huge muffc earn. But 
Dreaded not more th' adventure than his voice 
-^Forbidding ; and at once with him they rofe ; 
Their rifing all at once was as the found 
Of thunder heard remote. Tow'rds him they 
With awful reverence prone ; and as a god [bend 
Extol him equal to the High'ft in Reav'n : 
Nor fail'd they to exprefs how mrch they prais'd, 
That for the general fafety he defpis'd 
His own : for neither do the fpirits damn'd 
Lofe all their virtue ; left bad men fhouid boaft 
Their fpecious deeds on earth, which glory excites, 
Or clofe ambition varnifh'd o'er with zeal. 
Thus they their doubtful confutations dark 
Ended, rejoicing in their matchlefs chief: 
As when from mountain tops the dufky clouds 
Afcending, while the north wind fleeps, c/erfpread 
Heav'n's cheerful face, the louring element 
Scowls o'er the darken'd landfkip fno\v,or fhower; 
If chance the radiant fun with farewel fweet 
Extend his ev'ning beam, the fields revive, 
The birds their notes renew, and bleating herds 
Atteft their joy, that hiR and valley ring?. 
O fhame to men, devil with devil damn'd 
rjrm concord holds, men only difagree 
Of creatures rational, tho 1 under hope 
Of heav'nly grace : and God proclaiming peace, 
Yet live in hatred, enmity, and ftrife 
Among themfelves, and levy cruel war?, 
Wafting the earth, each other to deftroy : 
As if (which might induce us to accord) 
Man had not hellifh foes enow befides, 
That day and night for his deftrucftion wait. 

The Stygian council thus diffolv'd ; and forth 
In order came the grand infernal peers : 
Midft came their mighty paramount, and feem'd 
Alohe the antagonift of Heav'n, nor lefs 
Than Hell's dread emperor with pomp fupreme r 
And godlike imitated ftate ; him round 

A globe of fiery fcraphini inclos'cl 
With bright imhlazcnry, and horrent arms. 
Then of their feffion ended they bid cry 
With trumpets' regal found the great refult : 
Tow'rds the four winds four fpeedy cherubim 
Put to their mouths the founding alchemy 
Ey herald's voice explain'd ; the hollow abyfs 
Heard far and wide, and all the hoft of hell 
With deaf'ning fhout retnrn'd them loud acclaim. 
Thence more at eafe their minds, and fomewhat 


By falfe preftiraptuous hope, the ranged powers 
Difband, and wand'ring, each his feveral way 
Purfties, as inclination or lad choice 
Leads him, perplex'd where he may liklieft find- 
Truce to his refriefs thoughts, and entertain 
The irkfome hours, till lire great chief return. 
Part on the plain, or in the air fublime, 
Upon the wing, or in fwift race contend, 
As at th' Olympian games or Pythian fields. 
Part curb their fiery fteeds, or fhun the goal 
With rapid wheels, or fronted brigades form, 
As when to warn proud cities war appears 
Wag'd in the troubled fky, and armies rufh 
To battle in the clouds, before each van 
Prick forth the airy knights, and couch theiy 


Till thickeft legions clofe ; with feats of arms 
From either end of Heav'n the welkin hrrns. 
Others, with vaft Typhcean rage more fell, 
Rend up both rocks and hills, and ride the air 
In whirlwind ; Hell fcarce holds the wild uproar^ 
As when Akides, from Oechal'ia crown'd 
With concueft, felt th' envenom'd robe, and tore' 
Through pain up by the roots Theffalian pines,. 
And Lichas from the top of Oeta threw 
Into th' Euboic fea. Others more mild, 
Retreated m a lllent valley, fmg 
With notes angelical to many a harp, 
Their own heroic deeds, ?nd haplefs fall 
By doom of battle ;' and complain that Fate 
Free virtue fhould inthrall to force or chance. 
Their fong was partial, but the harmony 
(What could it lefs when fp'rits immprtal fmg ?): 
Sufpended Elell, and took with ravifhment 
The thronging audience. In difcourfe more fwect. 
(For eloquence the foul, fong charms the fenie) 
Others apart fat on a= hill retired, 
In thoughts more elevate, and reafon'd high 
Of providence, foreknowledge, will, and fate,, 
Fix'd fate, free-will, foreknowledge abfolute, 
And found no end, in wand'ring mazes loft. 
Of good and evil much they argu'd, then 
Of happinefs and final mifery, 
PalTion and apathy, and glory and fhame, 
Vain wifdom all, and fahe philofophy : 
Yet with a pleafmg forcery could charm 
Pain for a while, or ariguilh, and excite 
Fallacious hope, or arm th' obdur'd breaft 
With ftubborn patience as with triple fteel. 
Another part, in fquadrons and gtofs bands; 
On bold adventure to difcover wide 
That difmal world, if any clime perhaps 
Might yield them eafier habitation, bend 
Eour ways their flying march along the banks 

Jfre* //, 


Of four infernal rivers, that difgorge 
Into the burning lake their baleful ftreams ; 
. Abherr'd Styx, the flood of deadly hate ; 
-Sad Acheron, of forrow, black and deep ; 
Cocytus, nam'd of lamentation laud, 
Heard on the rueful ftream ; fierce Phlegethon, 
Whofe waves of torrent fire inflame with rage. 
Far off from thefe a flow and filent ftream, 
.Lethe, the river of oblivion, rolls 
i Her watry labyrinth, whereof who drinks 
Forthwith his former ftate and being forgets, 
Forgets both joy and grief, plea/ure iuid pain. 
Beyond this flood a frozen continent 
Lies dark and wild, beat with perpetual ftorm? 
Of whirlwind and dire hail, which on firm land 
Thaws not, but gathers heap, and ruin ieems 
Of ancient pile ; or elfe deep fnow aiid Jce, 
A gulf profound as that Scrbonian bog 
Betwix t Dumiata arid Mount Cafius-oid, 
Where armies whole have funk : the parching air 
Burns frore, and cold performs th' effect of fire. 
Thither, by harpy-footed furies haFd, 
At certain revolutions, Ml the damn'd 
Are brought, and ftel by turns the bitter change 
Of fierce extremes, by change more fierce, 
From beds of raging fire to ftarve in ice 
"Their loft ethereal warmth, and there to pine 
Immoveable, infix'd, and frozen round, 
Pericds of time, thence hurried back to fire. 
They ferry over this Leathean found 
Both to and fro, their forrow to augment, 
And wifh and firuggle as they pafs, to reach 
The tempting flream, with one fmall drop to lofe 
In fweet forgetfulncfs all pain and woe, 
All in one moment, and lo near the brink ; 
But fate withftands, and to oppofe th' attempt 
Medufa with Gorgonian terror, guards 
The ford, and of itfelf the water flies 
All taite of living wight, as once it fled 
The lip of Tantalus. Thus roving on 
In confuf'd march forlorn, th' advent'rous bands, 
With fhudd'ring horror pale, arid eyes aghaft, 
Iview'd firft their lamentable lot, and found 
felo refl : through many a dark and dreary vale 
They nafs'd, and many a region dolorous,- 
O'er many a frozen, many a fiery Alp, 
Rocks, caves, lakes, fens, bogs, dens, and fbades of 


A univerfe of death, which God by curfe 
Created evil, for evil only good, 

ere all life dies, death lives, and nature breeds, 
Pcrverle, all monftrous, all prodigious things, 
Abominable, inutterable, and worfe 
Than fables yet have feign'd, or fear conceiv'd, 
Gorgons, and Hydras, and Chimeras dire. 
I * Mean while the adverfary' of God and man, 
'Satan, with thoughts inflam'd of high'ft defign, 
iPuts on fwift wings, and towards the gates of hell 
jfixplores his folitary flight ; fometimes 
HLe fcours the right hand coaft, fornetimes the left, 
Now fhaves with level wing the deep, then foars 
iJp to the fiery concave towering high. 
As when far off at fea a fleet defcry'd 
Wangs in the clouds, by equinodlial winds 
'lofe failing from Bengala, or the iflcs 

Of Ternate and Tidore, whence merchants bring 
Their fpicy drugs : they on the trading flood 
Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape 
Ply ftemming nightly tow'rd the pole. So feem'd 
Far off the flying Fiend : at lait appear 
Hell bounds Iiigh reaching to the horrid roof, 
And thrice three-fold the gates ; three folds were 
Three iron, three of adamantine rock ; [brafs^ 

Impenetrable, impal'd with circling fire, 
Yet unconfum'd. Before the gates there fat 
On cither fide a formidable fhape ; 
The one feem'd woman to the walte, and fair, 
But ended foul in many a fcaiy fold 
Volumnious and vaft, a ferpent arm'd 
With mortal fting : about her middle round 
A cry of hell-hounds never ceafmg bark 
With wide Cerberean mouths full Icud, and rung 
A hideous pale ; yet, when they lift, would creep, 
if ought difturb'd their noife, into her womb, 
And kennel there, yet there flill bark'd and howl'd 
Within, unfeen. Far lefs abhorr'd than thefe, 
Ve.x'd Scylla bathing in the fea that parts 
Calabria from the hoarfe Trinacrian fhore : 
Nor uglier follow the night-hag, when call'd 
In fecret, riding through the air fhe comes, 
Lur'd with the fmell of infant blood, to ciauce 
With Lapland witches, while the lab'ring moon 
Eclipfes at their charms. The other fhape, 
If fhape it might be cali'd that fhape had none 
Diilinguifhable in member, joint, or limb, 
Or fubftance might be call'd that fliadow feem'd, 
For each feem'd either ; black it flood as Night, 
Fierce as ten Furies, terrible as Hell, 
Andfhook a dreadful da-it : \vhat feem'd liis head, 
Fhe likenefs of a kingly crown had on. 
iatan was now at hand, and fiom his feat 
] he monfter moving, onward came as faft 
With horrid itrides : Hell trembled as he ftrode. 
J'h' undaunted fiend what this might be admir'd; 
Admir'd, not fear'd ; God and his Ion except 
Created thing nought valued he or fhunn'd ; 
And with difdainfui look thus firfl began : 

Whence and what art thou, execrable fhape, 
That dar'st, though grim and terrible, advance 
Fhy mifcreated front athwart my way 
To yonder gates ? through them I mean to pafs, 
That be affur'd, without leave afk'J of thce : 
letire, or tafte thy folly, und learn by proof, 
"leli-born, not to contend with fp'rits of heav'n. 

To whom the goblin full of wrath rcply'd : 
\rt thou that traitor angel, art thou he 
Vlio iiril broke peace in heav'n and faith, till then 
Jnbroken, and in proud rebellious arms . 
Drew after him the third part of heav'n's fons 
^onjur'd againfi the high'il, for which both thou , 
\nd they, outcaft from God, are here condemn'd 
To wafte eternal days in woe and pain ? 
And reckon'ft thou thyfelf with fp'rits of heav'n, ; 
^ell-doom'd,and breath'ft defiancshere, and fcorn, 
.Vhere I reign lung, and to enrage thee more, ^^ 
Thy king and lord ? Back to thy punifhment, 
'alfe fugitive, and to thy fpeed add wings, 
..eft with a whip of fcorpions I purfue 
^hy ling'ring, or with one ftroke of this dart 
trange horror feize thee, and pangs unfelt before. 



So fpake the grifly Terror, and in fhape, 
So fpeaking and To threat'ning, grew ten-fold 
More dreadful and deform : on th' other fide, 
Incenf 'd with indignation, Satan flood 
Unterrify'd, and like a comet burn'd, 
That fires the length of Opiuchus huge 
In the Ardic iky, and from his horrid hair 
Shakes peftilence and war. Each at the head 
JLevel'd his deadly aim ; their fatal hands 
No fecond ftroke, intent, and fuch a frown 
Each caft at th' other, as when two black clouds, 
With heav'n's artillery fraught, come rattling on 
Over the Cafpian, then ftand front to front 
Hov'ring a fpace, till winds the fignal blow 
To join their dark encounter in mid air : 
So frown'd the mighty combatants, that Hell 
Grew darker at their frown, fo match'cl they flood; 
For never byt once 'more was either like 
To meet fo great a foe : and now great deeds 
Had been achiev'd, whereof all Heil had rung, 
Had not the fnaky forcerefs that fat 
Eaft by Hell gate, and kept the fatal key, 
Kil'n, and with hideous outcry rnfh'd between. 

O father, what intends thy hand, (he cry'd 
Againft thy only fon ? What fury, O fon ! 
Poileffes thee to bend that mortal dart ? 
Againft thy father's head ? and khow'ft for whom ; 
For him who fits above and laughs the while 
At thee ordain'd his drudge, to execute 
Whatc'er his wrath, which he calls Juftice, bids ; 
His wrath, which one day will deftroy ye both. 

She fpake, and her words the hellifh peft 
Forbore. Then thefe to her Satan return'd. 

So ftrarrge the outcry, and thy -vords fo ftrange 
Thou interpofeft, that my fudden hand 
Prevented fparesto tell thee yet by deeds 
What it intends; till firft I know of thee, 
What thing thou art, thus double-form'd, and why 
In this irtfernal, firft met, thou call'ft 
Me Father, and that phantafm call'ft my Son ; 
I know thee not, nor ever few till now 
Sight rriore deteftable than him and thee. 

T' whom, thus the portrefs of Hell gate reply 'd : 
Haft thou forgot me then, and do I feem 
Now in thine eye fo foul ? once deern'd fo fair 
In heav'ri, when at th' affembly, and in fight 
Of all the feraphim with thee combin'd 
In bold confpiracy againft Heav'n's King, 
All on a fudden miserable pain : 
Surprifd thee, dim thins eyes, and dizzy fwurri 
In darknefs, while thy head flames thick and faft 
Threw forth, till on the left fide opening wide, 
LJkeft to thee in fhape and countenance bright, 
Then fhining heav'nly fair, a goddefs arrn'd 
Out of thy head, I fprung : amafement'feif'd 
All th' hoft of Heav ? ^; -back trrey recoil'd afraid 
At firft, and call'd >fte Sin, and for a fign 
Portentous" held itf~ ; but familiar grown, 
I plc-afcl, and with attractive graces won 
Tie moft averie, thee chiefly, who full oft 
Thyfclf in ihe thy perfect image v'iewing," 
Befcttm'ft' eriamour'd, and fuch joy thou fook'ft 
With me in fecret, that my womb cbnceiv'd ' 
A. growing burden. Meanwhile war aroi'e, 

And fields were fought in Heav'n ; wherein re 
main' d 

(For what could elfe ?) to our almighty Foe 
Clear viclory, to our part lois and rout 
Through all the empyrean, down they fell, 
Driv'n headlong from the pitch of Heav'n down 
Into this deep, and in the general fall 
I alfo ; at which time this powerful key 
Into my hand was giv'n, with charge to keep 
Thefe gates for ever fliut, which none can pafs 
Without my op'ning. Penfive here I fat 
Alone, but long I fat not, till my womb, 
Pregnant by thee, 'and now exceflive grown, 
Prodigious motion felt and rueful throes. 
At laft this odious offspring whom thou feeft, 
Thine own begotten, breaking violent v\ay, 
Tore through my entrails, that with fear and paia 
Diftorted, all my nether fhape thus grew 
Tran.sform'd : but he my inbred enemy 
Forth iffued, brandifhing his fatal dart 
Made to dtftroy : I fled, and cry'd out Death ; 
Hell trembled at the hideous name, arid figh'd 
From all her caves, and back refounded Death. 
I fled, but he purfued (though more, it feems, 
Inflam'd with luft than rage) and fwifter far, 
Me overtook his mother, all difmay'd, 
And in embraces forcible and foul 
Ingendering with me, of that rape begot 
Thefe yelling monfters, that With ceafelefs cry 
Surround me, as thou faw'f}, hourly conceiv'd 
And hourly born, with forrow infinite 
To me ; for when they lift, into the womb 
That bred them, they return and howl, and gnaw 
My bowels, their repaft ; then burfting forth 
Afrefh, with confcious terrors vex me found, 
That reft or intermiffion none I find. 
Before mine eyes in oppofition fits 
Grim Death, my fon and foe, who fets them on, 
And me his parent would full fpo'n devour' 
For want of other prey, but that he knows 
His end with mine involv'd ; arid knows that I 
fhould prove a bitter morfel, and his bane, 
Whenever that fhall be ; fo Fate pronounc'd. 
But thou, O Father, I forewarn thee, fhun 
His deadly arrow ; neither vainly hope 
To be invulnerable in thofe bright arms, 
Though temper'd heav'nly, for that mortal dint, 
Save he who reigns above, none can refift. 

She finiih'd; and the fubtle Fiend his lore 
Soon learn'd, now milder ; and thus anfwer'c 

fmooth : 

Dear dauhghter ,fince thou claim'ft me for thy 
And my fair fori here fhow'ft me, the dear pledge 
Of dalliance had with thee in Heav'n, and joys 
Then fweet, now fad to mention, through dii 


Befall'n as unfcrefeen, unthought of ; know, 
I come no enemy, but to fet free 
From out this dark and difmal houfe of pain, 
Both him and thee, and ail the heav'nly hoft' 
Of fpirits that in our juft pretences arm'd, 
Fell with us from ori high : from them I go 
This uncouth 'errand fole, and one for all 
Myfelf expofe, with lonely fteps to tread [i 
Th' unfounded deep, and through the void 

6 rr. 


To-fearcfc with wand'ring queft a place foretold 

Should-iCj and, by concurring figns, e'er now 

Created v ^ft and round, a place of blii's 

In tte pourlieus of Heaven, and therein plac'd 

A #ce of upftart creatures, to fupply 

p/rhaps our vacant room, though more removed, 

Jeft Heav'n, furcharg'd with potent multitude, 

ight hap to move new broils : be this or ought 
Than this more fecret now defign'd, I hafte 
To know, and this once known, mall foon return, 
And bring ye to the place where thou and Death 
Shall dwell at eafe, and up and down unfeen 
Wing filently the buxom air, embalm'd 
With odors ; there ye fhall be fed and fill'd 
Immeafurably ; all things flvall be your prey. 
He ceas'd ; for both fecm'd highly pleas'd, 

and Death 

Grinn'd horrible a ghaftly fmile, to hear 
His famine fhould be fill'd, and blelt his maw 
Deftin'd to that good hour : no lefs rejttic'd 
^iis mother bad, and thus befpake her lire : 

The key of this infernal pit by due, 
And by command of Hoav'n's all-powerful King, 
1 keep, by him forbidden to unlock 
Thefe adamantine gates : againft all force 
Death ready ftands to interpole his dart, 
Fcarlefs to be o'ermatch'd by living might. 
iBut what owe I to InVcommands above, 
Who hates me, and hath hither thruft me down 
; Into this gloom of Tartarus profound, 
To fit in hateful office here confin'd, 
Inhabitant of Heav'n, and heuv'nly born, 
.Here in perpetual agony and pain, 
With terrors and with clamors compafs'd round 
Of mine own brood, that on my bowels feed ? 
Thou art my father, thou my author; thou 
My being gav'ft me ; whom mould I obey 
But rhee, whom follow ? thou wilt bring me foon 
To that new world of Jight and blifs, among 
r l\ie gods who live at eafe, where I mall reign 
At ;hy right hand voluptuous, as befeems 
Thy daughter and thy darling, without end. 

Th t s faying, from her fide the fatal key, 
Sad intrument of all our woe, fhe took ; 
And tov'rds the gate rolling her befUal train, 
Forthwith the huge .portcullis high up drew, 
Which but herfelf, not all the Stygian powers 
Could once have mov'd ; then in the key-hole turns 
Th' intricate wards, and every bolt and bar 
-Of mafly ir'n or folid rock, with cafe 
Unfaftens . on a fudden open fly, 
With impetuous recoil and jarring found, 
Th' infernal doors, and on their hinges grate 
Harm thunder, that the lowed bottom Ihook 
Of Erebus. She qpen'd, but to fhut 
ExcelTd her pow'r ; the gates wide open ftood, 
That with extended wings a banner'd hoft 
<Underfpread enfigns marching might pals through, 
With horfe and chariots rank'd in looie array; 
So wide they ftood, and like a furnace mouth 
Caft forth redounding fmoke and ruddy flame. 
Before their eyes in fudden view appear 
^The fecrcts of the hoary deep, a dark 
illimitable ocean without bound, [height, 

dicienfion, where length, breadth, and 

And time, and place, a loA ; tvhcrc eldcft Night 

And Chaos, anceftor of Nature, hold 

Eternal anarchy, amidft the noife 

Of endlefs wars, and by confufion ftand. 

For hot, cold, moift, and dry, four champion's 


Strive here for maftry, and to battle bring 
Their embryon atoms ; they around the Hag 
Of each his faclion,:in their leveral clans, 
Light-arm'd or heavy, {harp,,fmooth, fwit't or flaw,, 
Swarm populous, unmunberM as the fands 
Of Barca or Cyrenae's torrid foil, 
Levied to fide with warring winds, and poifc 
Their lighter wings. To whom thefe moll adhere s 
He rules a moment ; Chaos umpire fits, 
! And by decifion more embroils the fray 
By which he reigns : next him high arbiter 
Chance governs all. Into this wild abyl's 
The womb -of Nature, and perhaps her grave, 
Of neither fca, nor more, nor air, nor fire, 
But all thefe in their pregnant caufes mix'd 
Confus'dly, and which thus muft ever fight, 
Unld's th' almighty Maker .them ordain 
His dark materials to create more worlds : 
Into this wild abyfs the wary Fiend 
Stood on the brink of -Hell, and look'd a while, 
Pond'ring his voyage-; for no narrow frith 
He had to crofs. Nor was his ear lefs peal'd 
With noijes loud and ruinous (to compare 
Great things with fmall) than when Bellona ftorms, 
With all her battering engines, bent to raze 
'Some capital city ; or lefs than if this frame 
Of Heav'n were falling, and thefe elements 
In mutiny had from her axis torn 
The ftedfaft Earth. At laft his fail-broad vans 
He fpreads for flight, and in the furging fmoke 
Uplifted fpurns the ground ; thence many a leagu^, 
As in a cloudy chair, afcending rides 
Audacious ; but that feat fooh failing, meets 
A vaft vacuity : all unawares, 
Fluttering his pinions vain, plumb down he drops 
Ten thonfund fathom deep, and to this hour 
Down had bc-en falling, had not by ill chance 
The ftrong rebuff of fome tumultuous cloud, 
Inftindl with fire. and nitre, hurried him 
As many miles aloft : that fury ftay'd, 
Quench'd in a boggy fyrtis,, neither fea, 
Nor good dry land : nigh foundcr'd, on he fares, 1 
Treading the crude confidence, half on foot, 
Half flying ; behoves him now both oar and,fail.- 
As when a. gryphon through the wildernefs 
With winged courfe, o'er hill or moory dale, 
Purfues the Arimafpian, who by Health 
Had from his wakeful cuftody purloin'd 
The guarded gold : fo eagerly the Fiend 
O'er bog, or fteep, through ftrait, rough, denfc, 

or rare, 

With head, hands, wings, or feet, purfues his way, 
And fwirns, or finks, or wades, or creeps, or flies ; 
At length an universal hubbub wild 
Of ftunning founds and voices all confuf 'd, 
Borne through the hollow dark, aflaults his eat 
With loudeft vehemence : thither he plies, 
Undaunted, to mettt there whatever powff 
Or ipirit of the nulaermoH: abyfs i 



Might in that noife refide, of whom to aflc 

Which way the neareft co,ift of durknefs lies 

Bord'ring on light ; when ftrait behold the throne 

Of Chaos, and his dark pavilion fpread 

-Wide on the wafteful deep ; with him enthron'J 

Sat fable-vefted Night, eldeft of things, 

The confort of his reign ; and by them flood 

Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name 

Of Damogorgo : Rumour next, and Chance, 

And tumult and Confufion, all embroii'd. 

And Difcord, with a thoufand various mouths. 

T" whom Satan turning boldly, thus : Ye powers 

And Spirits of this nethermoft abyfs, 

Chaos and ancient Night, I come no fpy, 

With purpofe to explore or to difturb 

The fecrets of your realm, but by cpnftraint 

Wand-ring this darkfome defert, as my way 

Lies through your fpacious empire up to light, 

Aloae, and without guide, halt loft, 1 feek 

What readied path leads where your gloomy 


Confine with Heav'n ; or if fome other place, 
From your dominion won, th' ethereal Kiri 
Poffefles lately, thither to arrive 
I travel this profound ; direct my cotirfe ; 
Directed no mean recompeni'e it brings 
To your behoof, if I that region loft, 
All uiurpation thence expell'd, reduce 
To her original darknefs and your iway, 
((Which is my prefent journey) and once more 
Ereci the ftandard there of ancient Night ; 
Yours be th' advantage all, mine the revenge. 
Thus Satan ; and him thus the Anarch old, 
With fault'ring fpeech and vifage incompos'd, 
Anfwer'd. I know thee, Stranger, who thou art, 
That mighty leading angel, who of late [thrown. 
Made head againft Heaven's King, though over- 
1 faw and heard, for fuch a numerous hoft 
Fled not in filence through the frighted Deep 
With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout, 
ponfufion worfe confounded ; and Heav'n gates 
Pour'd out by millions -her victorious bands 
purfuing. I upon my frontiers here 
Keep refidence ; if all I can will i'erve 
That little which is left fo to defend, 
Encroach'd on ftill through your inteftine broils 
Weak'ning the fceptre of old Night ; firft Hell 
Your dungeon ftretching far and wide beneath ; 
Now lately Heav'n and Earth, another world, 
|iung o'er my realm, link'd iu a golden chain 

I To that fide Heav'n from whence your legions fell : 
If that way be your walk, you have not f JT : 
So much the nearer danger ; go and fpeed i 
Havoc, and fpoil, and ruin, are my gain. 

He ceas'd : and Satan ftay'd not to reply ; 
But glad that now his fea fhould find a fhore, 
With freih alacrity and force renew'd, 
Springs upward like a pyramid of fire 
Into the wild expance, and through the fhock 
Of fighting elements, on all fides round 
Environ'd wins his way ; harder befet 
And more enclanger'd, than when Argo pafb'd 
Through Bofporus betwixt the juftling rocks :\ 
Or when Ulyiles on the larboard fhunn'd 
Charybdis,, and by th' other whirlpool fleer. 
So he with difficulty and labour hard 
Mcv'd on, with dilm -ulty and labour he ; 
But he once pait, focn after vvhcn man it 11, 
Strange alteration ! Sin and Death amain 
Following his track, fuch was the will of Heav'n, 
Pav'd after him a broad and beaten way 
Ov<-r the dark abyfs, whofc boiling gulf 
Tamely endur'd a bridge of wondrous length, 
From Hell continued reaching th' utmoft orb 
Of this irail world ; by which the fp'rits perverfe 
With eafy intercourfe pafs to and fro 
To tempt or punifh mortals, except whom 
God and good angels guard by fpecial grace. 

But now, at laft, the facred influence 
Of light appears, and from the walls of Heav'n 
Shoots far into the bofom of dim night 
A glimmering dawn ; here Nature firfl begins 
Her fartheft verge, and Chaos to retire 
As irom her utmoft works a broken foe 
With tumult Ida and with lei's hoftile din, 
That Satan with lefs toil, and now with eafc 
Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light, 
And like a weather-beaten veffel holds 
Gladly the port, though ftircuds and tackle torn ; 
Or in tiie emptier waiie, refembling air, 
Weighs his fpread wings, at ieifure to behold 
Far off th' empyreal Heav'n extended wide 
In circuit, undetermin'd fquare or round, 
With opal tow'rs and battlements adorn'd 
Of living faphir, once his native feat ; 
And fail by hanging in a golden chain 
This pendent world, in bignefs as a ftar 
Of fmalleft magnitude cloie by the moon, 
Thither, full fraught with mifchievous revenge. 
Accurf'd, and in a curfcd hour he hies. 



'The Argument. 

God fitting on his throne, fees Satan flying towards this world, then newly created : fliews him to the 
Son, who fat at his right hand ; foretells the fuccefs of Satan in perverting Mankind ; clears his own 
Juftice and wifdom from all imputation, having created Man free and able enough to have with- 
ftood his Tempter ; yet declares his purpofe of grace towards him, in regard he fell not of his own 
malice, as did Satan, hut by him feduced. The fon of God renders praifes to his Father for the ma- 
nifeftation of his gracious purpofe towards Man ; but God again declares, that grace cannot be ex 
tended towards man without the fatisfa&ion of divine Juftice ; Man hath offended the majefty of 
God by afpiring to Godhead, and therefore, with all his progeny devoted to death, muft die, unlefs 
fome one can be found fufficient to anfwer for his offence, and undergo his punilhment. The Son 
of God freely offers himfelf a ranfome for Man : The Fathei accepts him, ordains his incarnation, 
pronounces his exaltation above all names in heaven and earth ; commands all the angels to adore 
him ; they obey, and hymning to their harps in full choir, celebrate the Father and the Son. Mean 
while Satan allights upon the bare convex of this world's outermoft orb ; where, wandering, he firft 
finds a place, fmce call'd the Limbo of Vanity ; what perfons and things fly up thither ; thence 
comes to the gate of Heaven, defcrib'd afcending by flairs, and the waters above the firmament that- 
flow about it : his paffage thence to the orb of the fun ! he finds there Uriel the regent of that orb, 
but firft changes himfelf into the fhape of a meaner angel ; and pretending a zealous defire to behold 
the new creation, and Man whom God hath plac'd here, inquires of him the place of his habitation, 
and is dire5ted ; allights firft on Mount Niphates. 

HAIL holy Light, offspring of heav'n firft-born, 

Or of th' Eternal coeternal -beam, 

May I exprefs thee' unblam'd ? Since God is light, 

And never but in unapproached light 

Dwelt from eternity, dwelt then in thee, 

Bright effluence of bright effence increate. 

Or hear'ft thou rather, pure ethereal ftream, 

Whofe fountain who fhall tell ? before the fun, 

Before the heav'ns thou wert, and at the voice 

Of God, as with a mantle didft inveft 

The rifing world of waters dark and deep, 

Won from the void and formlefs infinite. 

Thee I revifit now with bolder wing, 

Efcap'd the Stygian pool, though long detain'd 

In that obfcure iojourn, while in my flight 

Through utter and through middle darknefs borne, 

With other notes than to th' Orphean lyre 

I fung of Chaos and eternal Night," 

Taught by the heav'nly Mule to venture down 

The dark defcent, and up to re-afcen'd, 
Though hard and rare : thee I revifit fafe, 
And feel thy fov'reign vital lamp ; but thou 
Revifit'ft not thefe eyes, that roll in vain 
To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn ; 
So thick a drop ferene hath quench'd their orbs, 
Or dim fuffufion veil'd. Yet not the more 
Ceafe I to wander where the Mufes haunt, 
Clear fpring, or fhady grove, or funny hill, 
Smit with the love of facred fong ; but chief 
Thee, Sion, and the flow'ry brooks beneath, 
That wafh thy hallow'd feet, and warbling flow, 
Nightly I vifit : nor fometimes forget 
Thofe other two equall'd with me in fate, 
So were I equall'd with them in renown, 
Blind Thamyris and blind Maeonides, 
And Tirefias and Phineus, prophets old : 
Then feed on thoughts, that voluntary move 
Harmonious numbers j as the wakeful bird 


ook 277. 

Sings darkling, and in fhadieft covert hid 
Tunes her nocturnal note. Thus with the year 
Seafons return, but not to me returns 
Day, or the fweet approach of ev'n or morn, 
Or fight of vernal bloom, or furnmer's rofe, 
Or flocks, or herds, or human face divine ; 
But cloud inftead, and ever-during dark 
Surrounds me, from the cheerful ways of men 
Cut off, and for the book of Knowledge fair 
Prefeuted with a univerfal blank 
Of Nature's works to me expung'd and raif'd, 
And wifdom at one entrance quite fhut out. 
So much the rather thou, celeftial Light, 
Shine inward, and the Mind through all her powers 
Irradiate, there plant eyes, all mitt from thence 
Purge and difperfe, that I may fee and tell 
Of things invifible to mortal fight. 

Now had th' almighty Father from above, 
Prom the pure empyrean where he fits 
High-thronM above all height, bent down his eye, 
His own works and their works at once to view : 
.About him all the fanctities of Heaven 
Stood thick as ftars, and from his fight receiv'd 
Beatitude paft utterance ; oc his right 
The radiant image of his glory fat, 
His only fon ; on earth he firft beheld 
Our two firft Parents, yet the only two 
Of mankind, in the happy garden placed, 
Reaping immortal fruits of joy and love, 
^Uninterrupted joy, unrival'd love, 
In, blifsful folitude he then furvey'd 
Hell and the gulf between, and Satan there^ 
-Coafting the wall of Heav'n on this fide Night 
In the dun air fublime, and ready nov 
To ftoop with wearied wings and willing feet 
On the bare outfide of this world, that feeiii'd 
firm land embofom'd, without firmament, 
Uncertain which, in ocean or in air. 
Him God beholding from his profpecl: high, 
Wherein paft, prefent, future, he beholds, 
Thus to his only fon forefeeing fpake : 

Only begotten Son, feed thou what rage 
Tranfports our adverfary ? whom no bounds 
Prefcrib'd, no bars of Hell, nor all the chains 
Heap'd on him there, nor yet the main abyfs' 
Wide interrupt can hold ; fo bent he feems 
On defperate revenge, that fhall redound 
Upon his own rebellious head. And now 
Through all reftraint broke loofe, he wingshis way 
Not far off Heav'n, in the precin&s of light, 
Diredlly towards the new created world. 
And Man there plac'd, with purpofe to affay 
If him by force he can deftroy, or worfe, 
By fome falfe guile pervert ; and fhall pervert, 
For Man will hearken to his glozing lies, 
And cafily tranfgrefs the fole command, 
Sole pledge of his difobedience : fo will fall, 
Hp and his fahhlefs progeny : Whofe fault ? 
Whofe but his own ? Ingrate, he had of me 
All he could have ; I made him juft and right, 
Sufficient to have ftood, tho* free to fall. 
Such I created all th' ethereal powers [fail'd ; 
And fp'rits, both them who ftood, and them who 
-Freely they ftood who ftood, and fell who fell. 
fat free, what proof could they have giv'n fincere 

Of true allegiance, conftant faith or love, 
Where only what they needs muft do appeared, 
Not what they would ? what praife could they 

receive ? 

What pleafure I from fuch obedience paid, 
When will and reafon (reafon alfo 's choice) 
Ufelefs and vain, of freedom both defpoil'd, 
Made paffive both, had ferv'd Neceifity, 
Not me ? They, therefore, as to right belong'd, 
So were created, nor can juftly' accufe 
Their Maker, or their making, or their fate, 
As if predeftination dver-rul'd 
Their will difpos'd by abfolute decree 
Or high foreknowledge ; they themfelves decree^ 
Their own revolt, not I ; if I foreknew, 
Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault, 
Which had no lefs prov'd certain unforcknown. 
So without leaft impulfe or fhadow' of fate, 
Or ought by me immutably forefeen, 
They trefpafs, authors to themfelves in all 
Both what they judg'd, and what they choofe ; 

for fo 

I ferm'd them free, and free they muft remain 
Till they inthrall themfelves ; I elfc muft change 
Their nature, and revoke the high decree 
Unchangeable, eternal, which ordain'd 
Their freedom; they themfelves ordain'd their falL 
The firft fort by their own fuggeftion fell, 
Self-tempted, felf-deprav'd : Man falls, deceiv'd 
By th' other firft : Man, therefore, fhall find grace. 
The ether none : in mercy' and in juftice both, 
Through Heav'n and .earth, fo fhall my glory' 

But mercy firft and laft fhall brighteft fhine. 

Thus, while God fpake, ambrofial fragrance fill'd 
All Heav'n, and in the bleffed fp'rits ele& 
Senfc of new joy ineffable diffus'd .: 
Beyond compare the Son of God was feen 
Moft glorious ; in him all his father fhone 
Subftantially expreff'd ; and in his face 
Divine compaflion vifibly appear'd, 
Love without end, and without meafure grace, 
Which utt'ring, thus he to his father fpake : 

O Father ! gracious was that word which clos'd 
Thy fov'reignfentence, that Man ftotild find grace; 
For which both Heav'n and earth fhall high extol 
Thy .praifes, with th' innumerable found 
Of hymns and facred fongs, wherewith thy throne 
Incompaff'd fhall refound thee ever bleft. 
For fhould Man finally be loft, fhould Man, 
Thy creature late fo lov'd, thy youngeft fon, 
.Fall circumvented thus by fraud, though join'd 
With his own folly? that be from thee far, 
That far be from thee, Father, who art judge 
Of all tilings made, and judgeft only right. 
Or fhall the Adverfary thus obtain 
His end, and fruftrate thine ? fhall he fulfil 
His malice,, and tby goodnefs bring to nought, 
Or proud return, though to his heavier doom, 
Yet with revenge accomplifh'd, and to Hell 
Draw after him the whole race of mankind, 
By him corrupted ? or wilt thou thyfelf 
Abolifh thy creation, and unmake 
For him, what for thy glory thou haft made ? 
So ihould thy goodacfs and thy greatnefs butii 



Be queftion'd and blafphem'd without defence. 

To whom the great Creator thus reply'd. 
O Son, in whom my foul hath chief delight, 
Son of my bolom, Son who art alone 
My word, my wifdom, and effectual might, 
All haft thou fpoken as my thoughts are, all 
As my eternal purpofe hath decreed : 
Man {hall not quite be loft, but fav'd who will, 
Yet not of will in him, but grace in me 
Freely vouchfaf 'd ; once more I will renew 
His lapfed powers, though forfeit and inthrall'd 
By fin to foul exorbitant defires ; 
Upheld by me, yet once more he fhall ft and 
On even ground againft his mortal foe, 
By me upheld, that he may know how frail 
His fallen condition is, and to me owe 
All his deliverance ; and to none but me. 
Some I have chofen of peculiar grace 
Eleit above the reft ; fo is my will : 
The reft ihall hear me call, and oft be warn'd 
Their finful ftate, and to appeafe betimes 
Th' incenfed Deity, while offer' d grace 
Invites ; for I will clear their fenfes dark, 
What may fuffice, and fof ten ftony hearts 
To pray, repent, and bring obedience due. 
To pray'r repentance, and obedience due, 
Though but endeavour'd with fmcere intent, 
Mine ear ihall not be flow, mine eye not {hut. 
And I will place within them as a guide 
My umpire confcience, whom if they will hear, 
Light after light well us'd they mall attain, 
And to the end perfifting, fafe arrive. 
This my long fuffcrance and my day of grace 
They who neglect and fcorn, (hall never tafte ; 
But hard be harden'd, blind be blinded more, 
That they may ftumble on and deeper fall ; 
And none but fuch from mercy I exclude. 
But yet all is not done ; Man difobeying, 
Difloyal breaks his fealty, and iins 
Againft the high fupremacy of Heaven, 
Affecting God-head, and fo lofing all, 
To expiate his treafon hath nought left. 
But to deftru6Uon facred and devote, 
He with his whole pofterity muft die, 
Die he or juflice muft ; unlefs for him 
Some other able, and as willing, pay 
The rigid fatisfa&ion, death for death. 
Say heav'nly Pow'rs, where {hall we find fuch love ? 
Which of ye will be mortal to redeem 
Man's mortal crime, and juft th' unjuft to fave ; 
Dwells in all Heaven charity fo dear ? 

He aflt'd ; but all the heav'nly choir flood mute, 
And filence was in Heav'n : on Man's behalf 
Patron or interceffor none appear'd, 
Much lefs that durft upcn his own head draw 
The deadly forfeiture, and ranfome fet. 
And now without redemption all mankind 
Muft have been loft, adjudg'd to Death and Hell 
By doom fevere, had not the Son of God, 
In whom the fulnefs dwells of love divine, 
His deareft mediation thus renew'd. 

Father, thy word is paft, Man ftiall find grace ; 
And {hall grace not find means, that finds her way 
The fpeedieft of thy winged meflengers, 
Jo vifit all thy creatwes t and to aJJl 

Conies unprevented, unimplor'd, unfought ? 
lappy for Man, fo coming ; he her aid 
Can never feek, once dead in fins and loft ; 
Atonement for himfelf or offering meet, 
ndebted and undone, hath none to bring : 
behold me then ; me for him, life for life 
offer ; on me let thine anger fall ; 
Account me Man ; I for his fake will leave 
Thy bofom, and this glory next to thee 
Freely put off, and for him laftly die 
,Vell pleas' d ; on me let death wreck all his rage J 
Under his gloomy pow'r I {hall not long 
Lie vanquilh'd ; thou haft given me to poffcfe 
Life in myielf for ever ; by thee I live, 
Though now to Death 1 yield, and am his due. 
All that of me can die ; yet that debt paid, 
Thou wilt not leave me in the loathfome grave 
His prey, nor fuffer my unfpotted foul 
For ever with corruption there to dwell ; 
But I fhall rife victorious, and fubdue 
My vanquifher, fpoil'd of his vaunted fpoil ; 
Death his death's wound mall then receive, an4 
Inglorious, of his mortal fting difarm'd. [ftoojfc 
I through the ample air in triumph high 
Shall lead Hell captive maugre Hell, and fhew 
The pow'rs of darknefs bound. Thou at the fight 
Pleas'd, out of Heaven {halt look down and fmile, 
While by thee rais'd I ruin all my foes, 
Death laft, and with his carcafe glut the grave i 
Then with the multitude of my redeem'd 
Shall enter Heav'n long abfent, and return, 
Father, to fee thy face, wherein no cloud 
Of anger {hall remain, but peace affur'd 
And reconcilement ; wrath ftiall be no more 
Thenceforth, but in thy prefence joy entire. 

His words here ended, but his meek afpe& 
Silent yet fpake, and breath'd immortal love 
To mortal men, above which only {hone 
Filial obedience : as a facrifice 
Glad to be offer'd, he attends the will 
Of his great Father. Admiration feiz'd [tend, 
All Heav'n, what this might mean, and whither 
Wond'ring ; but foon the Almighty thus reply'd. 

O thou in Heav'n and Earth, the only peace 
Found out for mankind under wrath, O thou 
My fole complacence ! well thou knoweft how 


To me are all my works, nor Man the leaft. 
Though laft created ; that for him I fpare 
Thee from my bofom and right hand, to fave, 
By lofing thee a while, the whole race loft. 
Thou therefore, whom thou only canft redeem. 
Their nature alfo to thy nature join ; 
And be thyfelf Man among men on earth, 
Made flefti, when time mall be, of virgin feed, 
By wondrous birth : be thou in Adam's room 
The head of all mankind, though Adam's fon. 
As in him perifti all men, fo in thee, 
As from a fecond root, {hall be reftor'd 
As many as are reftor'd, without thee none. 
His crime makes guilty all his fons ; thy merit 
Imputed fiiall abfolve them who renounce 
Their own both righteous and unrighteous deeds, 
And live in thee tranfplanted, and from thee 
Receive new life. So man, as is moft juft, 


Shall fatisfy for Man, be ju'dg'd and die, 
.And dying rife, and rifing, with him raife, 
His brethren, ranfom'd with his own dear life. 
So heav'niy love ihall hellifh hate, 
Giving to death, and dying to redeem, 
So dearly to redeem what hellilh hate 
So eafily deftroy'd, and ftill deftroys 
In thole who, when they may, accept not grace. 
Nor {halt thou, by defcending to affume 
Man's nature, leffen or degrade thine own. 
Brecaufe thou haft, though thron'd in higheft blifs 
Equal to God, and equally enjoying 
God-like fruition, quitted all to fave 
A world from utter lols, and haft been found 
By merit more than birthright, Son of God, 
Pound worthieft to be fo by being good, 
Far more than great or high ; becaufe in thee 
Love hath abounded more than glory abounds, 
Therefore thy humiliation fhali exalt 
With thee thy manhood alib to this throne ; 
Here fhalt thou fit incarnate, here fhalt reign 
Both God and Man,' Sou both of God and Man, 
Anointed univerfai Icing ; all power 
I give thee ; reign for ever, and affume 
Thy merits; under thee as head fupreme 
Thrones, Princedoms, Pow'rs, Dominions I reduce ; 
All knees to thee fhall bow, of them that bide 
In Heav'n, or Earth, or under Earth in Hell. 
When thou attended glorioufly from Heaven 
Shalt in the fky appear, and from thee fend 
The fummoning Arch-Angels to proclaim 
Thy dread tribunal ; forthwith from all winds 
The living, and forthwith the cited dead 
Of all paft ages, to the general doom 
Shall haften, fuch a peal fhall roufe their fleep. 
Then all thy faints affembled, thou fhait judge 
Bad men and angels; they arraign'd fhall fink 
Beneath thy fcntence; Hell, her numbers full, 
Thenceforth fhall be for ever fhut. Mean while 
' The world fhall burn, and from her afhes fpring 
New Heav'n and Earth, wherein the juft fhali dwell, 
And after all their tribulations long 
.See golden days, fruitful of golden deeds, 
With joy and love triumphing and fair truth. 
Then thou thy regal fceptre {hall lay by, 
for regal fceptre then no more fhall need ; 
God {hull be all in ail. But all ye Gods, 
Adore him, who to compafs all this dies; 
Adore the Son, and honour him as me. - 

No.iboner had the Almighty ceas'd, but all 
The multitude of Angels, with a fhout 
Loiyi as from numbers without number, fweet 
As from bleih voices, uttering joy, Heav'n rung 
With jubilee, and bud Hofunnas fill'd 
Th' eternal regions : lowly reverend 
Towards either throne they bow, and to the ground 
With folemn adoration down they caft 
Their crowns inwove with amarant and gold ; 
Immortal amarant, a flow'r which once 
In Paradife, faft by the tree of life, 
Began to bloom ; but foon for man's offence 
To Heav'n remov'd, where firft it grew, there grows, 
And fiow'rs aloft, fhading the fount of life, 
And where the river of blifs through midft of 
Heaven-. .;;,: 


Rolls o'er Elyfian flow'rs her amber flream i 

With thefe that never fade the Spirits ele& 

Bind their refplendent locks inwreath'd with 


Now in loofe garlands thick thrown off, the bright 
Pavement, that like a fea of jafper fhone, 
Empurpled with celeftial rofes fmil'd. 
Then crown'd again, their golden harps they took, 
Harps ever tun'd, that glittering by their fide 
Like quivers hung, and with preamble fweet 
Of charming fymphony, they introduce 
Their facred fong, and waken rupture high ; 
No voice exempt, no voice but well could join 
Melodious part, fuch concord is in Heaven. 

Thee, Father, firft they fung Omnipotent, 
Immutable, Immortal, Infinite, 
Eternal King ; the Author of all being, 
Fountain of light, thyfclf invifible 
Arnidft the glorious brightnefs where thou fit'ft 
ThronM inacceffible, but when thou fhacl'ft 
The full blaze of thy beams, and through a cloud 
Drawn round about thee like a radiant fhririe, 
Dark with excefiive bright thy fkirts appear, 
Yet dazzle Heav'n, that brighteft Seraphim 
Approach not, but with both wings veil their eyes. 
Thee next they fang of all creation firft , 
Begotten Son, Divine Similitude, 
In whofe confpicuous count'nance, without cloud 
Made vifible, th' Almighty Father fhines, 
Whom elfe no creature can behold ; on thee 
Imprefs'd th' effulgence of his glory' abides, 
Transfus'd on thee his ample Spirit refts. 

He Heav'n of He 


and all the Pow'rs therein 

By thee created:, and by thee drew down 
Th' afpiring Dominations : thou that day 
Thy Father's dreadful thunder didft not {pare, 
Nor ftop thy flaming chariot wheels that fhook 
Heav'n's everlafting frame, while o'er the necks 
Thou drov'ft of warring Angels difarray'd. 
Back from purfuit thy Pow'rs with loud acclaim 
Thee only extoll d, Son of thy Father's might, 
To execute fierce vengeance on his foes, 
Not^-fo on Man : Him through their malice fall'n, 
Father of mercy and grace, thou didft not doom 
So ftrictly, but much more to pity incline : 
No fooner did thy dear and only Son 
Perceive thee purposed not to doom frail Man 
So ftri&ly, but much more to pity' inclin'd, 
He to appeafe thy wrath, and end the ftrife 
Of mercy and juftice in thy face difcern'd, 
Regardlefs of the blefs wherein he fat 
Second to thee, offer d himfelf to dift 
For Man's offence. O unexampled love, 
Love no where to be found lefs than Divine 
Hail Son of God, Saviour of Men, thy name 
Shall be the copious matter of my fong 
Henceforth ; and never fhall my harp thy praifc 
Forget, nor from thy Father's praife disjoin. 

Thus they in Heav'n, above the ftarry fphere, ; . 
Their happy hours in joy and hymning fpent. . 
Mean while, upon the firm opacious globe 
Of this round world, whofe firft convex divides 
The luminous inferior orbs inclos'd rtA. 

From Chaos and th' inroad of darknefs old, 
Satan alighted walks : a globe far off ~~ 


It leem'd, now feerns a bounJlefs continent 

Dark, wafte, and wild, under the frown of Night 

Starlefs expos'd, and ever-threat ning ftorms 

Of Chaos bluft'ring round, inclement flcy ; 

Save on. that fide which from the wall of Heaven, 

Tho' diftant far, fome fmall reflection gains 

Of glimmering air, lefs vex'd with tempeft loud : 

Here walk'd the Fiend at large in fpacious field. 

As when a vtilture, on Imaus bred, 

Whofe fnowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds, 

Diilodging from a region fcarce of prpy, 

To gorge the flefh of lambs or yeaning kids 

On hills where flocks are fed, flies tow'rds the 


Of Ganges or Hydafpe% Indian ftreams ; 
But in his way lights on the barren plains 
Of Sericana, where Chinefes drive 
With fails and wind their cany waggons light : 
So on this windy fea of land, the Fiend 
Walk'd up and down alone, bent on his prey ; 
Alone, for other creature in this place 
Living or lifelefs to be found was none ; 
None yet, but ftore hereafter from the earth 
tip hither like aereal vapours flew 
Of all things tranfitory' and vain, when fin 
With vanity had fill'd the works of men ; 
Both all things vain, and all who in vain things 
Bailt their fond hopes of glory, 'or lafting fame, 
Or happinefs in this or th' other life ; 
All who have their reward on earth, the fruits 
Of painful fupcrftition and blind zeal, 
Nought feeking but the praife of men, here find 
Fit retribution, empty as their deeds ; 
All th' unaccompliih d works of Nature's hand, 
Abortive, monflrous, or unkindly mix d, 
Diffolv'd on earth, fleet hither, and in vain, 
Till final diilolution, wander here, 
Thofe argent fields more likely habitants, 
Trunflated Saints, or middle Spirits hold 
Betwixt th' angelical and human kind. 
Hither of .ill-join'd Ions and daughters born 
Firft from the ancient world thofe giants came 
With many a vain exploit, tho' then renown'd : 
The builders next of Babel on the plain 
Of Sennaar, and ftill with vain defign 
New Babels, had they wherewithal, would build : 
Others came fingle ; he who, to be deem'd 
A god, leapt fondly into j*Etna flames, 
Jynpedocles ; and he who to enjoy 
Plato's Elyfium, leapt into the fea, 
Cleombrotus ; and many more too long, 
Embryos and idiots, eremites and friers 
White, black, and grey, with all their trumpery. 
Here pilgrims roam, that ftray'd fo far to feek 
In Golgotha him dead, who lives in Heaven ; 
And they who, to be fure of Paradife, . 
Dying put on the weeds of Dominic, 
Or in Francifcan think to pafs difguis'd; 
They pafs the planets fev'n, and pafs the fix'd, 
And that crystalline fphere whofe balance weighs 
The trepidation talk'd, and that firft mov'd ; 
And now Saint Peter at Hqav'n's -wicket feems 
To wait them with his keys, and now at foot 
Of Heav'n's afcent they lift their feet, when lo 

A violent crofs wind from either coaft 

Blows them tranfverfe ten thoufand leagues awry 

Into the devious air ; then might ye fee 

Cowls, hoods, and habits, with their wearers toft, 

And flutter 'd into rags, then reliques, beads, 

Indttlgeoces, difpenfes, pardons, bulls, 

The fport of winds : all the'fe upwhirl'd aloft 

Fly o'er the backfide of the world far off 

Into a Limbo large and broad, fince call'd 

The Paradife of Fools, to few unknown 

Long after, now unpeopled and untrod. 

All this dark globe the Fiend found as he pafs'd, 

And long he wander'd, till at laft a gleam 

Of dawning light turn'd thither- ward in hafte 

His traveled fteps : far diftant he defcries 

Afcending by degrees magnificent 

Up to the wall of Heav'n a ftru&ure high ; 

At top whereof, but far more rich, appear'd 

The work as of a kingly palace gate, 

With frontifpiece of diamond and gold 

Embellifh'd ; thick with fnarkling orient gems 

The portal fhone, inimitable on earth* 

By model, or by fhading pencil drawn. 

The ftairs were, fuch as whereon Jacob faw 

Angels- afcending and defcending, bands 

Of guardians bright when he from Efau fied 

To Padan-Aram, in the field of Luz 

Dreaming by night under the open flcy, 

And waking cry'd, This is the gate of Heaven. 

Each ftair myfterioufly was meant, nor ftood . 

There always, but drawn up to heav'n fometimes 

Viewlefs, and underneath a bright fea flow'd 

Of jaipec, or of liquid pearl, whereon 

Who after came from earth, failing arriv'd, 

Wafted by angels, or flew o'er the lake 

Rapt in a chariot drawn by fiery fteeds. 

The ftairs were then let down, whether to dare 

The Fiend by eafy' afcent, or aggravate 

His fad exclufion from the doors of blifs : 

Dire& againft which open'd from beneath, 

Juft o'er the blifsful feat of Paradife, 

A .paflage down to th' Earth, a paflage wide, 

Wider by far than that of after times 

Over mount Sion, and, tho' that were large, 

Over the Promis'd Land, to God fo dear, 

By which, to vifit oft thofe happy tribes, 

On high behefts his angels to and fro 

Pafs'd frequent, and his eye with choice regard. 

From Paneos, the fount of Jordan's flood 

To Beerfaba, where the Holy Land 

Borders on Egypt and th' Arabian fhore ; 

So wide the opening feem'd, where bounds were 

To darknefs fuch as bound the ocean wave. [fet 

Satan frem hence, now on the lower ftair 

That fcal'd by fteps of gold to Heaven gate 

Looks down with wonder at the fudden view 

Of all this world at once. As when a fcout 

Through dark and defert ways with peril gone 

All night, at laft by break of cheerful dawn 

Obtains the brow of fome high-climbing hill, 

Which to his eye difcovers unaware 

The goodly profpedl of fome foreign land 

Firft feen, or fome renown'd metropolis 

With .glift 'ring fpires and pinnacles adorn 'd, 

Which pow the rifing fun gilds with his .beams : 


Soal III. 

Such wonder feiz'J, tho' after Heaven feen, 

The Sp'rit malign, but much more envy feiz'd, 

At fight of all this world beheld fo fair. 

Round he furveys (and well might, where he flood 

So high above the circling canopy 

Of Night's extended fhade) from eaftern point 

Of Libra to the fleecy (tar that bears 

Andromeda far off Atlantic feas 

Beyond th' horizon ; then from pole to pole 

He views in breadth, and without longer paufe 

Downright into the world's firft region throws 

His flight precipitant, and winds with eafe 

Through the pure marble air his oblique way 

Amongft innumerable ftars, that fhone 

Stars diftant, but nigh hand feem'd other worlds : 

Or other worlds they feem'd, or happy iiles, 

Like thofe Hefperian gardens fam'd of old, 

Fortunate fields, and groves, and flow'ry vale?, 

Thrice happy ifles, but who dwelt happy there 

He ftay'd not to inquire : above them all 

The golden fun in fplendor likeft Heaven 

Allur'd his eye : thither his courfe he bends 

Through the calm firmament, (but up or down, 

By centre, or eccentric, hard to tell, 

Or longitude,) where the great luminary 

Aloof the vulgar conftellations thick, 

That from his lordly eye keep diftance due, 

Difpenfes light from far ; they, as they move 

Their ftarry dance in numbers that compute 

Days, months, and years, tow'rds his all-cheering 


Turn fwift their various motions, or are turn'd 
By his magnetic beam, that gently warms 
The univerfe, and to each inward part 
With gentle penetration, though unfeen, 
Shoots invifible virtue ev'n to the deep ; 
So wondroufly was fet his ftation bright. 
There lands the Fiend, a fpot like which perhaps 
Aftronomer in the fun's lucent orb 
Through hisglaz'd optic tube yet never faw. 
The place he found beyond exprefiion bright, 
Compar'd with ought on earth, metal or ftone, 
Not all parts like, but all alike inform'd 
With radiant light, as glowing ir'n with fire ; 
If metal, part feem'd gold, part filver clear ; 
If ftone, carbuncle moft or cryfolite, 
Ruby or topaz, to the twelve that flione 
In Aaron's breaft-plate, and a ftone befides 
Imagin'd rather oft than elfewhere feen, 
That ftone, or like to that, which here below 
Philosophers in vain fo long have fought, 
In vain, though by their powerful art they bind 
Volatile Hermes, and call up unbound, 
In various fhapes old Proteus from the fen, 
DramM through a limbec to his naked form. 
What wonder then if fields, and regions, here 
Breathe forth elixir pure, and rivers run 
Potable gold, when with one virtuous touch 
Th' arch-chimic fun, fo far from us remote, 
Produces, with terreftrial humour mix'd, 
Here in the dark fo many precious things 
Of colour glorious, and effeift fo rare ? 
Here matter new to gaze the devil met 
Undazzled : far and wide his eye commands, 
For fight no obftacle fgund here, or ihade, ' 

But all fun-fhine ; as when his beams at noon 
Culminate from th' ./Equator ; as they now 
Shot upward (till direct, whence no way round 
Shadow from body opaque can fall, and th' air 
(No where fo clear) iharpen'd his vifuul ray 
To objects diftant far, whereby he focu 
Saw within ken a glorious angel ftand, 
The fame whom John law alfo in the fun : 
His back was turn'd, but not his brightnefshid : 
Of beaming funny rays a golden tiar 
Circl'd his head, nor lefs his locks behind 
Illuftrious on his fhoulders, fledge with wings, 
Lay waving round: on fome great charge em 
ploy 'd 

He feem'd, or fixt in cogitation deep. 
Glad was the fpirit impure, as now in hope 
To find who might dired his wand' ring flight 
To paradife, the happy feat of man, 
His journey's end, and our beginning woe. 
But firft he cafts to change his proper fhape, 
Which elle might work him danger, or delay : 
And now a ftrippling Cherub he appears, 
Not of the prime, yet fuch as in his face 
Youth fnul'd celeftial, and to every limb 
Suitable grace difftlf'd, fo well he feign'd. 
Under a coronet his flowing hair 
In curls on cither che'.'k play'd ; wings he wore 
Of many a colour'd plume, fprinkl'd with gold : 
His habit fit for fpeed fuccinct, and held 
Before his decent fteps a filver wand. 
He drew not nigh unheard, the angel bright, 
L'er he drew nigh, his radiant vifage turn'd, 
Admonifh'd by his ear ; and ftrait was known 
Th' arch-angel Uriel, one of the fev'n 
Who in God's prefence neareft to his throne, 
Stand ready at command, and are his eyes 
That run through all the heav'ns, or down to thi 


Bear his fwift errands, over moift and dry, 
O'er fea and land : him Satan, thus accofts, . 

Uriel ! for thou of thofe fev'n fpirits that ftanf 
In fight of God's high throne, glorioufly bright, 
The firft art wont His great authentic will 
Interpreter through higheft heav'n to bring, 
Where all his fons thy embaffy attend : 

And here art likelieft by fupreme decree 
Like honour to obtain ; and as his eye, 
To vifit oft this new creation round, 
Unfpeakabls defire to fee, and know 
All thefe his wondrous works, but chiefly Man, 
His chief delight and favour ; him, for whom 
All thefe his works fo wondrous he ordatn'd, 
Hath brought me from the choirs of Cherubim 
Alone this wand'ring : brighteft Seraph ! tell, 
}n which of all thefe fliinin'g orbs hath mail 
His fixed feat, or fixed feat hath none, 
But all thefe fnining orbs his choice to dwell; 
That I may find him, and with fecret gaze, 
Or open admiration, him behold 
On whom the great Creator hath beftow'd 
World, and on whom hath all thefe graces pour'df; 
That both in him, and all things, as is meet, 
The univerfal maker we may praife ; 
Who juftly hath driven cut his rebel foes 
To deepeft Hell ; and, to repair that lofs, 



Created this new happy race of men, 

To ferve him better : wife are all his ways ! 

So fpake the falfe diflembler unperceiv'd ; 
For neither Man nor Angel can difcern 
Hypocrify, the only evil that walks 
Invifible, except to God alone, 
By his permiflive will, through heaven and earth : 
And oft though wifdom wake, fufpicion fleeps 
At wifdom's gate, and to fimplicity 
Refigns her charge, while goodnefs thinks no ill 
Where no iH feems) which now for once beguii'd 
Uriel, thoiigh regent of the fun, and held 
The fliarpeik lighted fpirit of all in heav'n : 
Who to the fraudulent impoftor foul, 
In his uprightnefs anfwer thus return'd.. 

Fair Angel ! thy defire which tends to know 
The works of God, thereby to glorify 
The great work-mafter, leads to no excefs 
That reaches blame, but rather merits praife 
The more it feems excefs, that led thee hither 
From thy impyreal manfion thus alone, 
To witnefs with thine eyes what fome perhaps, 
Contented with report, hear only in Heav'n : 
For wonderful indeed are all His works ! 
Pleafant to know, and worthiefl to be all 
Had in remembrance always with delight. 
But, what created mind can comprehend 
Their number, or the wifdom infinite 
That brought them forth, but hid their caufes deep ?' 
I faw when at His word the formlefs mafs, 
This world's material mould, came to a heap ; 
Confufion heard His voice, and wild uproar 
Stood rul'd, ftood vaft infinitude confin'd : 

Till at His fecond bidding darknefs fled, 
Light (hone, and order from diforder fprung. 
Swift to their feveral quarters hafted then 
The cumbrous elements, earth, flood, air, fire, 
And this ethereal quinteflence of Heav'n 
Flew upward, fpirited with various forms, 
That roll'd orbicular, and turn'd to ftars, 
Numberlefs, as thou feeft, and how they move j 
Each had his place appointed, each his courle i 
The reft in circuit walls this univerfe. 
Look downward on that globe whofe hither fide 
With light from hence, tho' but reflected, {nines : 
That place is earth, the feat of Man; that light 
Hh day, which elfe, as th' other hemifphere, 
Night would invade ; but there the neighbouring. 


(So call that oppofite fair ftar) her aid 
Timely interpofes, and her monthly round 
Still ending, (till renewing through mid heav'n, 
With borrow 'd light her countenance triform 
Hence fills, and empties, to enlighten th' earth. 
And in her pale dominion checks the night. 
That fpot to which I point is Paradife, 
Adam's abode, thofe lofty (hades his bow'r ; 
Thy way thou can'ft not mifs, me mine requires*. 

Thus faid, he turn'd ; and Satan bowing low 
(As to fuperior fpirits is wont in heav'n. 
Where honour due, aod reverence none negledts) 
Took leave, and tow'rd the coaft of earth beneath^ 
Down from th* ecliptic, fped with hop'd fuccefs, 
Throws his deep flight in many an airy wheel ;. 
Nor (laid,, till on Niphates' top he lights.. 



^fjje Argument. 

Satan, now in profpe&of Eden, and nigh the place \vherehe muft now attempt the bold enterprlfe which 
he undertook alone againft God and Man, falls into many doubts with himfelf, and many paffions, 
fear, envy, and defpair : but at length confirms himfelf in evil, journeys on to Paradife, whofe out 
ward profpecl and fitaation is defcribed, overleaps the bounds, fits in the fhape of a cormorant on 
the tree of Life, as higheft in the garden, to look about him. The garden defcribed; Satan's firft 
fight of Adam and Eve ; his wonder at their excellent form and happy ftate, but with refolution to 
work their fall ; overhears their difcourfe ; thence gathers that the tree of Knowledge was forbidden 

' them to eat of, under penalty of death ; and thereon intends to found his temptation, by feducing 
them to tranfgrefs : then leaves them a while to know farther of their fcate by fome other means. 
Meanwhile Uriel defcending on a fun beam warns Gabriel (who had in charge the gate of Paradife) 
that fome evil fpirit had efcaped the Deep, and paft at noon by his fphere in the fhape of a good 
Angel down to Paradife, difcovered afterwards by his furious geftures in the mount : Gabriel pro- 
mifes to find him e'er morning. Night coming on, Adam and Eve difcourfe of going to their 
reft : their bower defcribed ; their evening wcrfnip. Gabriel drawing forth his hands of night 
watch to walk the round of Paradife, appoints two ftrong Angels to Adam's bower, left the evil 
fpirit fhould be there doing fome harm to Adam or Eve fleeping ; there they find him at the ear of 
Eve, tempting her in a dream, and bring him, though unwilling, to Gabriel ; by whom>queftion'd, 
he fcornfully anfwers, prepares refiftance, but, hinder'd by a fign from heav'n, flies out of Paradife. 

O FOR that warning voice, which he who faw 
Th' Apocalyps heard cry in Heav'n aloud, 
Then when the Dragon, put to fecond rout, ; 
Came furious down to be reveng'd on men, 
Wo to th' inhabitants on earth \ that now, 
While time was, our firft parents had been warn'd 
The coming of their fecret foe, and 'fcap'd, 
Happily, fo 'fcap'd his mortal fnare : for now 
Satan, now firft inflam'd with rage, came down, 
The tempter e'er th accufer of mankind, 
To wreck on innocent frail man his lofs 
Of that firft battle, and his flight to Hell : 
Yet not rejoicing in his fpeed, tho' bold, 
Ear off and fearlefs, nor with caufe to boaft; 
Begins his dire attempt, which nigh the birth 
Now rolling boils in his tumultuous breaft, 
And like a devilifh engine back recoils 
Upon himfelf ; horror and doubt diftracl 
His troubled thoughts, and from the bottom ftir 
The Hell within him ; for within him Hell 

Fie brings, and round about him, nor from Hell 
One ftep no more than from himfelf can fly 
Ey change of place : now confcience wakes de 

That flumber'd, wakes the bittter memory 
Of what he was, what is, and what muft be, 
Worfe ; of worfe deeds, worfe fuffering muft enfue. 
Sometimes tow'rds Eden, which now in his view 
Lay pleafant, his griev'd look he fixes fad ; 
Sometime tow'rds Heaven and the full-blazing 
Which now fat high in his meridian tower : [fun, 
Then much revolving, thus in fighs began : 

O thou that with furpaffing glory crown'd, 
Look'ft from thy fole dominion like the God 
Of this new world ; at whofe fight all the ftars 
Hide their diminifh'd heads ; to thee I call, 
But with no friendly voice, and add thy name, 

Sun, to tell thee how I hate thy beams, 
That bring to my remembrance from what ftate 

1 fell, how glorious once above thy fphere j 


Till pride and worfe ambition threw me down, 
Warring in Heav'n againft Heav'n's matchlefe 

King ; 

Ah wherefore ! he deferv'd no fuch return 
From me, whom he created what I was 
In that bright eminence, and with his good 
Upbraided none ; nor was his fervicc hard. 
What could be lefs than to afford him praife, 
The eafieft recompence, and pay him thanks, 
How due ! yet all his good prov'd ill in me, 
And wrought but malice ; lifted up fo high 
I fdeign'd fuhjection, and thought one ftep higher 
Would fet me high'ft, and in a moment quit 
The debt immenfe of endlefs gratitude, 
60 burdenfome ftill paying, ftill to owe, 
Forgetful what from him I ftill receiv'd, 
And underftood not that a grateful mind 
By owing owes not, but ftill pays, at once 
Indebted and difoharg'd ; what burden then ? 
had his pow'rful deftiny ordain'd 
Me fome inferior Angel, I had ftood 
Then happy ; no unbounded hope had rais'd 
Ambition. Yet, why not ? fome other Power 
As great might have afpir'd, and me, tho' mean, 
J)rawn to his part ; but other Pow'rs as great 
Fell not, but ftand unfhaken, from within 
'Or from without, to all temptations arm'd. 
Hadft thou the fame free will and pow'r to ftand ? 
Thou hadft ; whom haft thou then, or what, t' ac- 


But Heav'n's free love dealt equally to all ? 
Be then his love accurs'd, fince love or hate, 
To me alike, it deals eternal woe. 
Nay curs'd be thou ; fince againft his thy will 
Chofe freely what it now fo juftly rues. 
Me miferable ! which way fhall I fly 
Infinite wrath, and infinite defpair ? 
iWhich way I fly is Hell ; myfelf am Hell ; 
And in the loweft deep a lower deep 
Still threat'ning to devour me opens wide, 
To which the Hell I fuffer feems a Heaven. 
O then at laft relent : is there no place 
.Left for repentance, none for pardon left ? 
None left but by fubmiflion ; and that word 
Diidain forbids me, and my dread of fhame 
i Among the Sp'rits beneath, whom I feduc'd 
j With other promifes and other vaunts 
| Than to fubmit, boafting I could fubdue 
; Th' Omnipotent. Ay me, they little kno\V 
How dearly I abide that boaft fo vain, 
Under what torments inwardly I groan, 
Syhile they adore me on the throne of Hell, 
j With diadem and fceptre high advanc'd, 
I The lower ftill I fall, only fupreme 
! In inilery ; fuch joy ambition finds. 
But fay I could repent, and could obtain 
By acl; of grace my former ftate ; how fobh 
Would height recall high thoughts, how foon unfay 
What feign'd fubmiflion fwore ? eafe would recant 
Vows made in pain, as violent and void. 
For never can true reconcilement grow,. 
Where wounds of deadly hate havepierc'd fo deep; 
Which would but lead me to a worfc relapfe 
And heavier fall : fo fhould I purchafe dear 
Bhort intermiffion bought with double fmart; 

This knows my punifhcr ; therefore as far 
From granting he, as I from begging peace ; 
All hope excluded thus, behold inftead 
Of us out-caft, exil'd, his new delight, 
Mankind created, and for him this world. 
So farewell hope, and with hope farewell fear, 
Farewell rerhorfe : all good to me is loft ; 
Evil be thou my good ; by at leaft 
Divided empire with Heav'n's king I hold, 
By thee, and more than half perhaps will reign ; 
As Man e'er long, and this new world, fhall know. 
Thus while he fpake, each paffion dimm'd his 


Thrice chang'd with pale ire, envy, and defpair; 
Which marr'd hisborrow'd vifage, and bctray'd 
Him counterfeit, if any eye beheld. 
For hcav'nly minds from fuch difterhpers foul 
Are ever clear. Whereof he foon aware, 
Each perturbation, fmooth'd with outward calm, 
Artificer of fraud, and was the firft 
That praclis'd falsehood under faintly fhew 
Deep malice to conceal, couch' il with revenge : 
Yet not enough had pra&is'd to deceive 
Uriel once warn'd ; whofe eye purfued him dowtf 
The way he went, and on th* Affyrian mount 
Haw him disfigur'd, more than could befal 
Spirit of happy fort : his geftures fierce 
He mark'd, and mad demeanour, then alone, 
As he fuppos'd,ali unobferv'd, unfeen. 
So on he fares, and to the border comes 
Of Eden, where delicious Paradife, 
Now nearer, crowns with her inclofure green, 
As with a rural mound, the champion head 
Of a fteep wildernefs, whofe hairy fides 
With thicket overgrown, grottefque and wild} 
Accel's deny'd ; and over head up grew 
Infuperable height of loftieft fhade, 
Cedar, and pine, and fir, and branching palm, 
A fylvan fcene ; and as the ranks afcend 
Shade nbovc fhade, a woody theatre 
Of ftatelieft view. Yet higher than their tops 
The verd'rous wall of Paradife up fprung: 
Which to our general fire gave profpecT: large 
Into his nether empire neighb'ring round. 
And higher than that wall a circling row 
Of goodlieft trees, loaden with faireft fruit, 
Bloffoms and fruits at once of golden hue, 
Appcar'd, with gay enamcl'd colours mix'd : 
On which the fun more glad imprefs'd his beams 
Than in fair evening cloud, or humid bow, 
When Godhath fhow'rdthe earth; fo lovely feem'cj 
That landikip : And of pure, now purer air 
Meets his approach, and to the heart infpires 
Vernal delight and joy, able to drive 
All fadnefs but defpair : now gentle gales, 
Fanning their odoriferous wings, difpenfe 
Native perfumes, and whifper whence they ftbla 
Thofe balmy fpoils. As when to them who fail 
Beyond the Cape of Hope, arid now are pail 
Mozambic, off at fea north-eaft winds blow 
Sabean odours from the fpicy fhore 
Of Araby the bleft ; with fuch delay [league, 
Well pleas'd they flack their courfe, and many a 
Cheer'd with the grateful fniell., old Ocean fmiles i 
So entertain'd thofe odorous fweetsthe Fiend 


Who came their bane, though with them better 
Than Afrrtodeiis with the fifty fume [pleas'd 

That drove him, tho' enamour'd, from the fpoufe 
Of Tobit's fon, and with a vengeance fent 
Ifrom Media poft to Egypt, there faft bound. 
Now to th' afcent of that fteep favage hill 
Satan had journey M on, penfive and flow ; 
But further way found none, fo thick intwin'd, 
As one continued brake, the undergrowth 
Of fhrubs and tangling bufhes had perplex'd 
All path of man or beaft that pafs'd that way : 
One gate there only was, and that look'd eaft, 
On th' other fide : which, when th' arch-felon 


Due entrance he difdain'd, and in contempt, 
At one flight bound high over-leap'd all bound 
Of hill or highcft wall, and Iheer within 
Lights on his feet. As when a prowling wolf, 
"Whom hunger drives to fcek new haunt for prey,, 
Watching where fhephcrds pen their flocks at eve 
In hurdled cots amid the fields fecure, 
Leaps o'er the fence with eafe into the fold : 
Qr as a thief, bent to unhord the cafh 
Of fome rich burgher, whofe i'abftantial doors. 
Croft-burr r d and bolted faft, fear no affauit, 
In at the window climbs, or o'er the tiles: 
So clomb this firft grand thief into God's fold ;' 
So fufce iiito his church lewd hirelings climb.' 
Thence up he flew., and on the tree of life, 
The middle tree, and higheil there that grew, 
Sat like a cormorant ; yet not true life 
Thereby regain't!, but fat devilling death 
To them who liv'd ; nor on the virtue thought 
Of that life-giving plaat, but orily us ! d 
For'profpecT:, what,, weil us'd, had been the pledge 
Of immortality. So little kxiows 
Any, but God alone, to value right 
Thc'gcod before him, but perverts beft things 
To worft abufe, or to their meaneft ufe. 
Beneath him with new wonder now he views, 
To all delight of human fenie ex'pos'd 
In narrow room, Nature's whole wealth, yea more, 
A Heav'n on Earth.; for blifsful Paradife 
Of God the garden was, by him in th' eaft 
Of Eden planted ; Eden ftretch'd her line 
From Auran eaft Ward to the royal towers 
Of Great Seleucia, built by Grecian kings, 
Or where the fons of Eden long before 
Dwelt in Telaffar , in this pleafant foil 
His far more pleafant garden God ordain'd ; 
Out of the fertile ground he caus'd to grow 
All trees of nobleft kind, for fight, fmell, tafte; 
And all amid them flood the tree of life, 
High eminent, blooming ambrofial fruit 
Of vegetable gold ; and next to life,, 
Our death, the tree of knowledge grew faft by, 
Knowledge of good, bought dear by knowing ill. 
Southward through Eden went a river large, 
Nor changed his courfe, but through the lhaggy 


Pafs'd underneath ingulfM ; for God had thrown 
That mountain as his garden mould high rais'd 
TJpon the rapid current, which through veins 
Of porous earth with kindly thirft up drawn, 
Rofe a frefh fountain, and with many a rill 

Water'd the garden; thence united fell 
Down the fteep glade, and met the nether flood, 
Which from his darkfome paffage now appears, 
And now divided into four main ftreams, 
Runs diverfe, wand' ring many a famous realm 
And country, whereof here needs no account ; 
But rather to tell how, if Art could tell, 
How from that faphir fount the crHped brooks,- 
Rolling on orient pearl and fands of gold 
With mazy error under pendent fhades, 
Ran neclar, vifiting each plant, and fed 
Flbw'rs worthy' of Paradife, which not nice Art 
In beds' and curious knots, but Nature boon 
Pour'd forth profufe on hill, and dale, and plain, 
Both where the morning fun firft warmly fmote 
The open field, and where the unpierc'd fhade 
Inbrown'd the noon-tide bow'rs : Thus was this' 
A happy rural feat of various view ; [place:' 

Groves whofe rich trees wept odorous gums and' 

balm i 

Others, whofe fruit burnifhcd with golden rind 
Hung anliable, Kefperian fables true, 
If true, here only, and of delicious tafte. 
Bitvvixt them lawns, or level downs, and flocks 
Grazing the tender herb, were interpos'd : 
Or palmy hilloc, or the flow'ry lap 
Of fome irriguous valley fpread her ftore : 
Flbw'rs of all hue, and without thorn the rofe. 
Another fide, Umbrageous grots, and caves 
Of cool recefs, o'er which the mantling vine 
Lays' forth her purple grape, and gently creeps 
Luxuriant : mean while murm'ring waters fall' 
Down the Hope hills, difperf'd or in a lake, 
(That to the fringed bank with myrtle crown'd" 
Her cryftal' mirror holds) unite their ftreams. 
The birds their choir apply : airs, vernal airs, 
Breathing the fmell of field and grove, attune 
The tr Alibiing leaves,, while univerial Pan, 
Knit with the Graces, and the Hours, in dance 1 
Led on th' eternal fprihg. Not that fair field 
Of Enna, where Proferpine gathering flow'rs, 
Herfelf a fairer flow'r, by gloomy Dis 
Was gather'd ; which coft Ceres all that pain 
To feck her through the 'world : nor that fwect" 


Of Daphne by Oronte?, and th* infpir'd 
Caftalian fpring, might with this Paradife 
Of Eden ftrive : nor thar Nyfian ifle 
Girt with the river Triton, where old Charri, 
(Whom Gentiles Ammon call, and Libyan Jove)? 
Hid Amalthea, arid her florid fon 
Young Bacchus, from his ftepdame Rhea's eye : 
Nor where Abaflin Kings their iffue guard, 
Mount Amara (though this by fome fuppof'd 
True Paradife) under the ^thiop Line 
By Nilus head, inclof'd with fhining rock, 
A whole day's journey high ; but wide remote 
From this Affyrian garden : where the fiend 
Saw urtdelighted all delight, all kind 
Of living creatures, new to fight, and ftrangc. 

Two of far nobler fhape, erecl and tall, 
Godlike ereA ! with native honour clad 
In naked majefty, feem'd lords of all : 
And worthy feem'd ; for in their looks divine 
The image of their glorious Maker fhon^ 


Truth, wifdom, fandlitude feyere and pure ; 
Severe, but in true filial freedom plac'd, ",' ' 
Whence true authority in men : though both 
Not equal, as their fex not equal feem'd : 
For contemplation he, and valour form'd ; 
tor foftriefs fhe, and fweet attractive grace ; 
He, for God only ; fhe for God in him. 
His fair large front, and eye fublime, declar'd 
Abfolute rule ; and hyacinthin locks 
Round from his parted forelock manly hung 
Cluuring, but not beneath his fhoulders broad : 
She as a veil, down to the {lender waift 
Her unadorned golden treffes wore^ 
JDisfhevel'd ; but in wanton ringlets wav'd, 
As the vine curls her tendrils, which imply'd 
fclbiedion, but requir'd with gentle fway ; 
And by lier yielded, by him beft receiv'd : 
Yield.ed with coy fubmiffion, modeft pride, 
^.nd fweet reluctant amorous delay. 
Nor thofe myfterious parts' were then conceal'd ; 
Then was hot guilty fham.e, difhoneft fhame 
Of nature's works : honour dishonourable ! 
Sin-bred ! how have ye troubl'd all mankind 
With fhews inftead, mere fhews of feeming pure, 
And banifh'd from man's life his happieft life, 
Simplicity, and fpotlefs innocence ? 
JSo pafs'd they naked on, nor fhiin'd the fight 
Of God or Angel, for they thought no ill. 
So harid in hand they paiVd, the lovelieft pair 
That ever fince in love's embraces met ; 
Adam the gooulieft man of men fince born 
His fons ; the faireft of her daughters Eve. 
Under a tuft of fhad, that on a green 
Stood whifp'ring foft, by a frefh fountain fide 
They fat them down ; and after no more toll 
Of their fweet gard'ning labour then fuffic'd 
To recommend cool zephyr, and made eafe 
More eafy, wholefome thirft and appetite 
More grateful, to their fupport fruits they fell, 
Nectarine fruits, which the compliant boughs 
Yieide'i them, fide-long as they fat recline 
On the foft downy bank damafk'd with flowers : 
The favcury pulp they chew, and in the rind 
Stiil as they thirfted fcoop the brimming ftream ; 
Nor gentle purpofe, nor endearing fmiles 
Wanted, nor youthful dalliance, as befeems 
Fair couple, link'd in happy nuptial league, 
Alone as they. About tbem frifking play'd 
All beafts of th' earth, fince wild, and of all chafe 
^In wood or wildernefs, foreft or den ; 
Sporting the lion ramp'd, and in his paw 
Dandled- the kid ; 'bears, tigers, ounces, pards, 
Gambol'd before them ; th' unwieldy elephant 
To make them mirth, us'd all his might, and 


His lithe probefcis ; clofe the ferpent fly 
Insinuating, wove with Gordian twine 
"His breaded train, and of his fatal guile 
Gave proof unheeded ; others on tile grafs 
Couch d, and now fill'd with pafture, gazing fat, 
Or bedward ruminating ; for tK fun 
Declined was halting now with prone carreer 
To th' ocean ifles, and in th' afcending fcale 
Of Heavn the ftars that ufher evening rofe : 
When Satan, ftill in gaze, as firft he flood, 

Scarce thus at length fail'd fpeech recover'd fad. 
. O Hell ! what do mine eyes with grief behold 
Into our room of blifs thus high advanc'd 
Creatures of other mould ; 'earth-born perhaps,. 
Not fpirits ; yet to heav'nly fpirits bright 
.Little inferior ; whom my thoughts purfue 
With wonder, and could love, fo lively fhines 
In them divine refemblance, and fuch grace 
The Hand that form'd 'em on their ftiape hath 


Ah gentle pair ! ye little think how nigh 
Your change approaches; when all thefe delights 
Wjll vanifh, and deliver ye to woe ; 
More woe, the more your tafte is now of joy : 
Happy ! but for fo happy ill fecur'd 
Long to continue ; and this high feat your heav'n,'d for heav'n, to keep out fuch a foe 
As now is .enter'd : yet no purpos'd foe 
To you, whom I could pity thus forlorn, 
Though I unpitied. League with you I feek, 
And mutual amity, fo ftrait, fo clofe, 
That I with you muft dwell, or you with me 
Henceforth : my dwelling haply may not pleafe, 
Like this fair paradife, your fenfe ; yet fuch 
Accept, your maker's work ; he gave it me, 
Which I as freely give : hell mall unfold, 
To entertain you two, her wideft gates, 
And lend forth all her kings : there will be room, 
(Not like thefe narrow limits,) to receive 
Your numerous offspring ; if no better place, 
Thank him who puts me loth to this revenge 
On you, who wrong me not, for him who wrong'd, 
And fhould I at your harmlefs innocence 
Melt, (as I do) yet public reafon juft, 
Honour, and empire, with revenge inlarg'd, 
By conqu'ring this new world, compels me now 
To do, what elfe (though damn'd) I fhould abhor. 

So fpake the fiend ; and with neceflity, 
(The tyrant's plea) excuf'd his devilifh deeds : 
Then from his lofty ftand on that high tree, 
Down he alights among the fportful herd 
Of thofe four footed kinds ; himfelf now one, 
Now other, as their fhape ferv'd beft his end 
Nearer to view his prey, and un-efpy'd, 
To mark what of their ftate he more might learn, 
By word, or action mark'd : about them round, 
A lion now he ftalks with fiery glare ; 
Then, as a tiger, who by chance hath fpy'd, 
In fome purlieu, two gentle fawns at play, 
Strait couches clofe, then rifing changes oft 
His couchant watch, as one who chofe his ground, 
Whence rufhing, he might fureft feize them both, 
Grip'd in each paw : when Adam, firft of men, 
To firft of women, Eve, thus moving fpeech, 
Turrt'd him, all ear, to hear new utterance flow* 

Sole partner, and fole part all thefe joys ! 
Dearer thyfelf than all ! needs muft the pow'r 
That made us, and for us this ample world, 
Be infinitely good, and of His good 
As liberal and free, as infinite, 
That raif 'd us from the duft, and plac'd us here 
In all this happinefs, who at His hand 
Have nothing merited, nor can perform 
Ought whereof he hath need : He ! who require*. 
From us no other fervice than to keep 


This one, this eafy charge, of ail the trees 

In Paradife, that bear delicious fruit 

So various, not to talte that only tree 

Of knowledge, planted by the tree of life ; 

So near grows death to Kfe, whatever death ia, 

Some dreadful thing no doubt ; for well thou - 


Cod hath pronounc'd it death to tafte that tree, 
The only fign of our obedience left 
Among; fo many figns of pow r r and rule 
Conferr'd upon us, and dominion given 
Over all other creatures that poffefs 
Earth, air, and fca. Then let us not think hard 
One eafy prohibition, who enjoy 
Free leave fo large to all things elfe,, and chsice 
Unlimited of manifold delights : 
JXit let us ever praife him, and extol 
His bounty, following our delightful talk, 
To prune rhefe growing plants, and tend thefe 


Which were it toilfome, yet with thee were fweer. 
To whom thus Eve reply'd. O thou for whom 
And from whom I was form'd, flefh of thy flefli, 
And without whom am to no end, my guide 
And head, what thou halt laid is j.uft and right : 
For we to him indeed alLpraifes owe, 
And daily thanks ; I chiefly, who enjoy 
So far the happier Lot, enjoying thee 
Pre-eminent by fo much odds, while thou 
Like confort to thyfelf canft no where find. 
That day I oft remember, when from deep 
I firft awak'd, and found rayfelf repos'd 
Under a {hade on flow'rs, much wond'ring where 
And what I wa-i; whence thithcrbrwught,andhow: 
Not dilrant far from thence a murm'ring found 
Of waters iiTued from a cave, and fp:-cad 
Into a liquid plain, then flood unmov d 
Pure as th' expanfe of Heav'n ; I thither went 
With unexperienced thought, and laid rne down 
On the green bank, to look info the clear 
Smooth lake, that to me feem'd another flcy. 
As I bent down to look, jufb oppoiite 
A fhape within the watry gleam appear r d r 
Sending to look on me : I flatted back, 
It darted back ; but pleas'd I foon rcturn'd ; 
Pleas'd it return'd as foon, with anfw'ring looks 
Of fympathy snd love : there I had fix'd 
IVlinc eyes till now, and pin'd with vain dcfire, 
Had not a voice thus warn'd me ; What thou fcfl, 
What there thou feeft, fair Creature, is thylelf ; 
"With thee it came and goes r but follow me, 
And I will bring thee where no fliadow ftays 
Thy coming, and thy foft embraces, he 
Whofe image thou art ; him thou {halt enjoy 
Infeparably thine, to him Jhalt bear 
Multitudes like thyfelf, and thence be call'd 
Mother of human race. What could 1 do, 
But follow ftrait, invifibly thus led ? 
Till I efpy'd thee, fair indeed and tall, 
Under a platane ; yet methought lefs fair,. 
Lefs winning foft, lefs amiably mild, 
Than that fmooth watry image : back I turn'd ; 
' Thou following cry'dft aloud, Return, fair Eve j 
Whom fly'ft thou ? whom thou fly'ft, of him thou 

His flefli, his bone ; to give thee being, 1 lent 
Out of my fide to thee, neareft my heart, 
Subitantiul life, to have thee by my fide 
Henceforth an individual folace dear ; 
Part of my foul I feek thee, and thee claim 
My other half; with that tky gentle hand 
Seif 'd mine ; I yielded, and from that time fee 
How beauty is excclFd by mauly grace 
And wifdom, which alone is truly fair, 

So fpake our general rnether, and with eyes 
Of conjugal attraction unrcprov'd, 
And meek furrcnder, half embracing lean'cl 
On our firft father ; half her fwelling breall 
Naked met his under the flawing gold 
Of her looie trefles hid : he in deliglat 
Both of .her beauty and fubmiflivc charms 
Smil'd with fuperior love, as Jupiter 
On Juno fmiles, when he impregns the clouds 
That fhed May flow'rs ; and prefs'd her matron 
With kiffes pure : afide the Devil turn'cl [lip 

For envy ;yct with jealous leer malign 
Ey'd them afkance, and to hbnfelf thus plain'd. 

Sight hateful, fight tormenting ! thus thefe tw 
Imparadif'd in one another's arms, 
The happier Eden, fhall enjoy their fill 
Of blils on b!L r s ; while I to Hell am thruft, 
Where neither joy nor love, but fierce defire, 
Among our other torments not the leaft, 
Stiil uiifulfili'd with pain of longing pines. 
Yet let me not forget what 1 have gain'd 
From their own mouths : all is list theirs itfeems 
One fatal tree there fh'.nds, of knowledge calFd, 
Forbidden them to tafte : Knowledge forbidden ? 
Sujpicious, reafonlefs. Why fliould theii' Lord 
Knvy them that ? can it be fin to know ? 
Can it be death ? and do they only ftand 
By ignorance ? is that their happy ftatc, 
The proof of their obedience asd their faith ? 
O fair foundation led whereon to build 
Their ruin ! Hence I will excite their minds 
With mere defire to know, and to rejett 
Envious commands, invented with defign 
To keep them low, whom knowledge might exalt' ' 
Equal with Gods : afpiring to be tuch, 
They tafte and die : what likelier can enfue ? 
But firit with narrow fearch I muft walk round 
This garden, and no corner leave unfpy'd ;, 
A chance, but chance may lead where I may inert 
4Some wand'rhior Spirit of Heav'n by fountain fidey 
Or ki thick fliade retir'd, from him to draw 
What further would be learn'd. Live while you 


Yet happy pair ; enjoy, till I return, 
Short pleafures, for long woes are to fucceed. 

So faying, hi* proud itep he fcornful turn'd,' 
Sut with fly circumfpeclioh, and begatt 
Through wood, through wafbe,o'er hill,. e'er daley 

his roam. 

Mean while in utmoft longitude, where Heav'n 
XVith earth and ocean meets, the fetting iua 
Slowly defcendti, and with right afpeft 
Againft the eaftern gate of Paradife 
Levell'd his evening rays : it was a rock 
Of alabafter, pil'd up to the clouds, 
Confpicuous far, winding with one afcent 



Acceffible from earth, one entrance high ; 
The reft was craggy cliff, that overhung 
Still as it role, impofiible to climb. 
Betwixt thcfe rocky pillars Gabriel lilt, 
Chief of th' angelic guards, awaiting uight ; 
About him exercif 'd heroic games 
Th' unarm'd youth of Heaven, but nigh at hand 
Celeftial armoury, fhields, helms, and {pears, 
Hung high with diamond flaming, and with gold. 
Thither came Uriel, gliding through the even 
On a 1'un beam, fwift as a ftiooting ftar 
.In autumn thwarts the night, when vapors fir'd 
Imprefs the air, and ihews the mariner 
From what point of his compafs to beware 
Impetuous winds : he thus began in hafte. 

Gabriel, to thee thy courfe by lot hath given 
Charge and ftriifl watch, that to this happy place 
No evil thing approach or enter in. 
This day at height of noon came to my fphere 
A fpirit, zealous, as he feem'd, to know, 
More of th 1 Almighty's works, and chiefly Man, 
CJod's lateft image ,- I defcrib'd his way 
Bent all on fpeed, and mark'd his airy g;ue ; 
But in die mount lies from Eden north, 
Where he firft lighted, ibon dilcern'd his looks 
Alien from Heav'n, with paffions foul obfcur'd : 
Mine eye purfued him {till, but under fhade 
2x>ft fight of him : one of the banifhM crew, 
I fear, hath ventur'd from the deep, to raife 
New troubles ; him thy care muft be to find. 

To whom the winged warrior thus return'd, 
Uriel, no wocder if thy perfeil fight, 
Amid the fun's bright circle where thou fitft, 
See far and wide : in at this gate none pafs 
The vigilance here plac'd, hut fuch as come 
Well known from Heav n ; and fince meredian hour 
No creature thence : If Spirit of other fort, 
So minded, have o'er-leap'd this earthy bounds 
On purpofe, hard thou knowcft it to exclude 
Spiritual fubftance with corporeal bar. 
But if within the circuit of thefe walks, 
In whatsoever ihape he lurk, of whom 
Thou teirft, by morrow dawning I (hall know. 

So promis'd he ; and Uriel to his charge 
Beturn'd on tlut bright beam, \vhofe point now 


Bore lu'm flope downward to the fun now fall'n 
Beneath th' Azores ; whether the prime orb, 
Incredible how fwift, had thither roll'd 
Diurnal, or this lefs volubil earth, 
By fhorter flight to th' eaft, had jeft him there 
Arraying with renVcled purple and gold 
7'he clouds that on his weftera throne attend. 
Now came fHll evening on, and twilight gray 
Had in her fober livery all things clad ; 
Silence accompanied ; for beaft and bird, 
They to their grafly couch, thefe to their nefts 
Were flunk, all but the wakeful nightingale ; 
She all night long her amorous defcant fung ; 
Silence was pleaf 'd : now glow'd the firmament 
>Vith living faphirs ; Hefperus, that led 
The ftarry hoft, rode brightefl, till the moonj 
Riung in clouded majefty, at length 
Apparent queen unveil'd herpeerlefs light, 
Ai:} o'er the dark her iilvcr mantle threw. 

When Adam thus to Eve. Fair Confort, the 


Of night, and all things now retir'd to reft, 
Alind us of like repofe, fince God hath let' 
Labour and reft, as day and night to men 
Succeflive ; and the timely dew of fieep 
Now falling with Ibft^lumbrous weight inclines j 
Our eye-lids ': other creatures all da) long 
Rove idle unemploy'd, and lei's jnecd reft ; 
Man hath his daily work of body or mind 
Appointed, which declares his dignity, 
And the regard of Heav'n on all his ways 
While other animals unaclive range, 
And of their doings God takes no account. 
To-morrow e'erfreih morning ftreak the eaft 
With frefh approach of light, we muft be rifen, 
And at our pleafant labour to reform 
Yon flow'ry arbors, yonder alleys green, 
Our walk at noon, with branches overgrown, 
That mock our fcant manuring, and require 
More hands than ours to lop their wantcn growth : 
Thole blpflbms alfo, and thofe dropping gums, 
That lie beftrown unfightly and unfmopth, 
Afk riddance, if we mean to tread with cafe ; 
Mean while, as Nature wills, night bids us reft. 

To whom thus Eve with perfect beauty adorn'd". 
My Author and Difpofer, what thou bidft 
Unargued I obey ; ib God ordains ; 
God is thy law, thou mine : to know no more 
Is woman's happi-jft knowledge and her praife.- 
With thee eonverfing, I forget all time ; 
All ieafons and their change, all pleafe alike. 
Sweat is the breath of morn, her rifing fweet, 
With charm of earlieft birds; pleafant the fun, 
When firft on this delightful land he fpreads 
His orient beams, on herb, tree, fruit and flower 
G lift 'ring with dew; fragrant the fertile earth ' 
Atter foft fhow'rs; and fweet the coming on 
Of grateful evening mild ; then filent night 
With this her folemn bird, and this fair moon 
And thefe the gems of Heav'n, her ftarry train ; 
But neither breath of morn, when fhe afcends 
With charm of earlieft birds ; nor rifing fun 
On this delightful land ; 'nor herb, fruit, flower, 
Gliit'ring with dew ; nor fragrance after fliowcrs ;> 
Nor grateful evening mild ; nor filent night 
With this her folemn bird 5 nor walk by moon, 
Or glittering ftar-light, without thee is fweet. ' 
But wherefore all night long fhine thefe? for 

This glorious fight, when fleep hath fliut all eyes ? 

To whom our general anceftor reply'd. 
Daughter of God and Man, accomplim'd Eve, 
Theie have their courfc to iinifh round the earth 
By morrow evening, and from land to land 
In order, though to nations yet unborn, 
Miniftring light prepar'd, they fet and'rife; 
Left total darknefs fhould by night regain 
Her old pofleflion, and extiuguifh life 
In nature and all things, which thefe foft fires 
Not only inlighten, but with kindly heat 
Of various influence foment and warm, 
Temper or nourifh, or in part fhed down 
Their ftellar virtue on all kinds that grow 
On earth, made hereby apter to receive 




Perfection from the fun's more potent ray. 
Thefe then, though unbeheld in deep of night 
Shine not in vain ; nor think, though men wer 
none, [praifi 

That Heav'n would want fpeclators, God wan 
Millions of fpiritual creatures walk the earth 
Unfeen, hoth when we wake, and when we ileep 
All thefe with ceafelefs praii'e his works behold 
Both day and night : how often from the fteep 
Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard 
Ccleftial voices to the midnight air, 
Sole, or refponfive each to others note, 
Singing their Creator ? oft in bands 
While they keep watch, or nightly rounding walk 
With heav'nly touch of inftrumental founds 
In full harmonic number join'd, their fongs 
pivide the night, and lift our thoughts to Heaven 
Thus talking hand in hand alone theypafs'd 
On to their blifsful bow'r ; it was a place 
Chos'n by the fovran Planter, when he fram'd 
All things to Man's delightful ufe ; the roof 
Of thickefh covert was inwoven ihacie 
I/aurel and myrtle, and what higher grew 
Of firm and fragrant leaf on either fide 
Acanthus, and each odorous bufhy ihrub 
Tenc'd up the verdant wall ; each beauteous flower 
Iris all hues, refes, and jeffamin, 
JRear'd high their flourifh'd heads between, anc 
Mofaic ; underfoot the violet, [wrough 

Crocus, and hyacinth, with rich inlay 
Broider'd the ground, more colour'd than with 
Of coftlieft emblem : other creature here, [ftoae 
Beaft, bird, infecl, or worm, durft enter none; 
Such was their awe of Man. In fhadicr bower 
More facred and fenuefter'd, though but feign 'd, 
Pan or Sylvanus never flept, nor Nymph, 
Nor Faunus haunted. Here in clofe r-ecefs 
With flowers, garlands, and fweet-fnielling herbs 
fpoufed Eve deck'd firft her nuptial bed, . 
And heav'nly quires the hymenaean lung, 
What day the genial Angel to our fire 
Brought her in naked beauty more adorn'd. 
More lovely than Pandora, whom the Gods 
Endow'd with all their gifts, and O too like 
In fad event, when to th' unwifer fon 
Of Japhet brought by Hermes, flie infnar'd 
Mankind with her fair looks, to be aveng'd 
On him who had ftole Jove's authentic fire.' 

Thus at 'their fhatly lodge' arriv'd, both flood, 
Both turn'd, and under open fky ador'd 
The God' that made both iky, air, earth, and 
heaven, , ,, 

Which they b'ehtld, the moon's refplendent globe, 
And Harry-pole ; Thou alfo niad'ft the night, . 
Maker omnipotent, and thou the day, 
Which we in our appointed work employ'd 
Have finifh'd, happy in Our mutual help 
And mutual love, the crown' of all our blifs 
Ordain'd by thee, and this delicious place/ 
For tte too large, where thy abundance wants 
Partakers; and uncropt falls to 'the ground. .5 
But thou haft promis'd from us two a race 
To fill the earth, who fhall with us extol 
Thy gooctnefs infinite, both when we wake, 
As when we 'feck, as now, thy gift of 

This faid unanimous, and other rites 
Obferving none, but adoration pure, 
Which God likes beft, into their inmoft bower 
Handed they went ; and eas'd the putting off : 
1 hefe 1 troublefome uifguifes which we 'wear, 
Strait fide by fide were laid ; nor turn'd I ween 
Adam from his fair fpoufe, nor Eve the rites 
Myfterious of connubial love refiis'd : 
Whatever hypocrites aufterely talk 
Of purity, and place, and innocence, 
Defaming as impure what God declares 
Pure, and commands to Ibme, leaves free to all. 
Our maker bids increafe ; who bids abilain 
But our deftroyer, foe to God and Man ? 
Hail wedded love, myfterious law, true fource 
Of human offspring, iole propriety 
In paradile of all things common elfe. 
By thee adult'rous luft was driv'n from men 
Among the beftial herds to range ; "by thee, ' 
Founded in reafon, loyal, juft and pure 
Relations dear, and all the charities 
Of father, fon, and brother, firft were known. 
Far be it, that I mould write thee fin or blame, 
Or think thee unbefitting holieft place, 
Perpetual fountain of domeftic fweets, 
Whole bed is undefil'd and chafle pronounc'd, 
Preient, or pall, as faints and patriarchs us'd. 
Here love his golden fhafts employs, here lights 
His confl'ant lamp, and waves his purple wings, 
Reigns here and revels; not in the bought i'mile 
Of harlots, lovelefs, joylefs, unindear'.d, 
Cafual fruition ; nor in court amours, 
Mix'd dance, or wanton nuifk, or midnight ball, 
Or feroiiate, which the flarved lover fings 
I'o his proud fair, beft quitted with difdain. 
Thefe iull'd by nightingales embracing flept, 
And on their naked limbs the flow'ry roof 
Show'rd rofes which the morn repair'd. Sleep on a 
Bleft pair ; and O yet happieft, if ye feek 
No happier ftate, and know to know no more. 

Now had night meafur'd with her fhadowy conQ 
Half way up hill this yaft fublunar vault, 
And: for their ivory port the Cherubime 
Forth iffuing at th* accuftom'd hour flood arm'd 
To their night watches in warlike parade, 
When Gabriel to his next in pow'r thus fpake : 

Uzziel, half thefe draw off, and coaft the foutfc 
With ftri cleft watch; thefe other wheel the north- 
3ur circuit meets full weft. As flame they part, ' 
3alf wheeling to the fhield, half to the fpear. 
7rom thefe, two ftrong and fubtile Sp'rits he 
call'd charge : 

That near him flood, and gave them thus in- 

Ithuriel and Zephon, with wing'd fpeed 
Search through this garden, leave unfearch'd n 

nook ; 

5ut chiefly where thofe two fair creatures lodge, 
Now laid perhaps afleep, fecure of harm. 
This evening from the fun's decline arriv'd, 
Vho tells of- fome infernal Spirit feen ' 
Hitherward bent (who couldhave thought?) efcap'4 
The bars of Hell, on errand bad, no doubt ; 
uch where ye find, feize faft, and hither bring. 

So faying, on he led his radiant files, 
> azzling the moon ; thefe ta the bow'r dire<i 

Jfee* IK 


In fearch of whom they fought : him there they 


Squat Bke a toad, clofe at the ear of Eve, 
Affaying by his devilifti art to reach 
The organs of her fancy', and with them forge 
Illufions as he lift, .phantafms and*dreams, 
Or if, infpiring venom, he might taint 
Th' animal fph its that from pure blood arife 
Like gentle breaths from rivers pure, thence raife 
At leaft diftemper'd, difcontented thoughts, 
Vain -hopes, vain aims, inordinate, 
Blown up with high conceits ingend'ring pride. 
Him thus intent Ithuriel, with his fpear, 
Touch'd lightly ; for no falfehood can endure 
Touch of celeftial temper, but returns 
Of force to its own likenefs ; up he itarts, 
Difcover'd and furpris'd. As when a fpark 
Lights on a heap of nitrous powder, laid 
Fit for the tun fome magazine to ftore, 
Againft a rumour'd war, the fmutty grain, 
Withfudden blaze diflus'd, inflames the air: 
So ftarted up, in his own lhape, the Fiend. 
Back ftept thofe two fair Angels, half amaz'd, 
So fudden to behold the grifly king; 
Yet thus, unmov'd with fear, accoft him foon. 

Which of thofe rebel Sp'rits adjudg'd to Hell 
Com'ft thou, efcap'd thy prifon ? and transform'd, 
Why fatft thou like an enemy in wait, 
Here watching at the head of thefe that fleep ? 

Know ye not then, faid Satan, fill'd withfcorn, 
Know ye not me ? ye knew me once, no mate 
For you, there fitting where ye durft not foar ; 
Not to know me argues yourfelves unknown, 
The loweft of your .throng; or if ye know. 
Why afk ye, and fuperfiuous begin 
Your meflage, like to end as much in vain ? 

To whom thus Zephon, anfw'ring fcorn 'with 


Think not, revolted Sp'rit, thy fliape the fame, 
Or undiminifh'd brightnefs to be known, 
As when thou flood' ft in Jieav'n, upright and pure ; 
That glory then, when thou no more waft -good, 
Departed from thee' ; and thou refembleft now 
Thy fin and place of doom, obfcure and foul. 
But come ; for thou, be fure, (hall give account 
To him who fent u.s, whole charge is to keep 
This place inviolable, and thefe from harm. 

So fpake the Cherub ; and his grave rebuke, 
Severe in youthful beauty, added grace 
Invincible : abafh'd the Devil flood, 
And felt how awful goodnefs is, and faw 
Virtue' in her fhape how .lovely ; faw and pin'd 
His lofs ; but chiefly to find here obferv'd 
His luftre vifibly impair'd ; yet feem'd 
Undaunted. If I muft contend, faid he, 
Beft with the beft, the fender, not the fent., 
Or all at once, more glory will be won, 
Or lefs be loft. Thy fear, faid Zephcn bold, 
Will fave us trial what the leaft can do 
Single againft thee wicked, and thence weak. 

The Fiend reply'd not, overcome with rage ; 
But like a proud fteed rein'd, went haughty on, 
Champing his iron curb : to ftrive or fly 
He held it vain ; awe from above had quell'd 
His heart, not elfe diftuay'd. Now drew they nigh 

The weftern point", where thofe half-rounding 


Juft met, and clofing flood in fquadron join'd, 
Awaiting next command. To whom their chief 
Gabriel from the front thus call'd aloud : 

O friends, I hear the tread of nimble feet 
.Haftjng this way, and now, by glimpfe, difcern 
Ithuriel and Zephon through the fhade, 
And wi^h them comes a third of regal port, 
But faded tplendor wan ; who, by his ,gate 
And fierce demeanour, feems the prince of Hel{, 
Not likely to part hence without conteft ; 
Stapd'nrm ; for in his look defiance lours. 

He fcarce had ended, when thofe two approach'd, 
And brief related whom they brought, .where 

How bufied, in W'hat form and pofture couch'd. 

To whom, with ftern regard, thus Gabriel 
fpake : [fcrib'd 

Why haft thou, Satan, broke the bounds pre- 
To -thy tranfgreflions, and difturb'd the charge 
Of others, who approve not to transgrefs 
By thy example, but have paw'i'and right 
To queftion thy bold entrance on this place ; 
Enxploy'd, it feems, to violate .fleep, and thofe 
Whole dwelling God hath planted here in blifs ? 

To whom thus Satan, with contemptuous brow: 
GabrieJ, thou hadil in Heav'n th' efteem of wife, 
And fuch I held thee ; but this queflion afk'd, 
Puts me in doubt. Lives there who loves his pain ? 
Who would not, finding way, break loofe from hell, 
Tho* thither doom'd ? Thou wouldft thylelf, no 
And boldly venture to whatever .place [doubt, 
Fartheft from pain, where thou might'ft hope to 


Torment with cafe, and fooneft reeompenfe 
Dole with delight, which in this place I fought ; 
To thee no reaion, who know'ft only good, 
But evil haft not try'd : and wilt object 
His will who bound us ? let him furer bar 
His iron gates, if he intends our flay 
In that dark durance : thus much what was aflc'd, 
"Phe reft is true,; they found jne where they fay ; 
But that implies not violence ox harm. 

Thus he in fcorn. The warlike Angel mov'd, 
Difdainfully, half fmiling, thus reply'd. 
O lofs of one in Heav'n, to judge of wife, 
Since Satan fell, whom folly overthrew, 
And now return? him, from his prifon 'fcap'd, 
Gravely in doubt, whether to hold them wife 
Or not who afk what boldnefs brought him 


Unlicenc'd, from his bounds in Hell prefcrib'd; 
So wife he judges it to fly from pain, 
However, and to 'fcape his punifhment. 
So judge thou ftill, prefumptuous, till the wrath, 
Which thou incurr'ft by flying, meet thy flight 
Sev'nfold, and fcourge that wifdom back to Hell, 
Which taught thee yet no better, that no pain 
Can equal anger infinite provok'd. j 

But wherefore thou alone ? wherefore with thee 
Came not all Hell broke loofe ? is pain to them 
Lefs pain, lefs to be fled ? or thou than they 
Lefs hardy to endure ? courageous Chief, 
The firft in flight from pain, hadft thou alleg'4 



Book IP. 

'To thy deferteel hoft this caufe of flight, 

Thou fu rely hadft not come fole fugitive, [ftern. 

To which the Fiend thus anfwer'd, frowning 
Not that I lefs endure, or ihrink from pain, 
Infulting Angel ; well thou know'ft, 1 flood 
Thy fierceft, when in battle to thy aid 
The blafting vollied thunder made all fpeed, 
And feconded thy elfe not dreaded fpear. 
But {till thy words at random, as before, 
Argue thj inexperience what behoves 
1'rom hard affays and ill fucceffes paft 
A faithful leader, not to hazard all 
Through ways of danger by himlelf untry'd ~. 
\ therefore, I alone firft undertook 
To wing the defolate abyfs, and fpy 
This new created world, whereof in Hell 
Tame is not filent, here in hope to find 
Better abode, and my afflicled Powers 
To fettle here on earth, or in mid air ; 
Tho' for poffeflion put to try once more 
"What thou and thy gay legions dare againft ; 
Whofe eafier bufmefs were to i'erve their Lord 
High up in Heav'n, with fongs to hymn his 

And pradlk'd diflances to cringe, not fight. 

To whom the warrior angel ibun rcply'd. 
To fay, and ftrait unfay, pretending firft 
"Wife to fly pain, prof effing next "the fpy, 
Argues no leader, but a liar trac'd, 
batan, and couldft thou faithful add ? O name, 
O facred name of faithfulnefs profan'd ! 
Faithful to whom ? to thy rebellious crew ? 
Army of Fiends, fit body to fit head. 
"Was this your difcipline and faith engag'd. 
Your military obedience, to diflblve 
Allegiance to th' acknowledged Power Supreme ? 
And thou, fly hypocrite, who now wouldll feem 
Patron of liberty, who more than thou 
Once fawn'd, and cring'd, and fervily ador'd 
Heav'ns awful monarch ? wherefore but in hope 
To difpoffefs him, and thyfelf to reign ? 
But mark what I arreed thee now. Avant ; 
Ely thither whence thou fiedlt : if from this hour 
Within thete hallow'd limits thcu appear, 
Back to th' infernal pit I drag thee chain 'd. 
And feal thee fo, as henceforth not to fcorn 
The facile gates of Hell too flightly barr'd. 
o threaten 'd he ; but Satan to no threats 
L>aVe heed, but waxing more in rage, reply'd. 

Then, when I am thy captive, talk of chains, 

Proud limitary Cherub ; but e'er then 

Far heaver load thyfelf expe<5t to feel 

From my prevailing arm, tho' Heaven's King 

Ride on thy wings, and thou, with thy compeers, 

U*'d to the yoke, draw'fl his triumphant wheels 

In progrefs through the road of Heav'n ftar- 


While thus he fpake,th' angelic fquadron bright 
Turn'd fiery red, fharp'mng in moon'd horns 
Their phalanx, and began to hem him round 
With ported fpears, as thick as when a field 
Of Ceres ripe for harveft waving bends 
Her bearded grove o f ears, which \vay the wind 
Swaysthem ; thecarefulploughmandoubtingftands, 
Left on the threfhing iioor his hopeful (heaves 
Prove chaff. On t'other fide, Satan alann'd, 
Collecting all his might, dilated flood, 
Like Teneriff or Atlas imremov'd : 
His ftature reach'd the fky, and on his creft 
Sat horror plum'd ; nor wanted in his grafn 
Vv'hat ferm'd both fj>ear and fhield : now dread 
ful deeds 

Might have tnfu'd, nor only Paradife' 
In this commotion, but the ftarry tope 
Of Heav'n perhaps, or all the elements 
At leaft had gone to wreck, difturb'd and torn 
With violence of this conflict, had not foon 
Th' Eternal, to prevent fuch horrid fray, 
Hung forth in Heav'n his golden fcales, yet feen 
Betwixt Aflrea and the Scorpion fign, 
Wherein all things created firft he weigh'd, 
The pendulous round earth, with balanc'd air 
In counterpoife, now ponders all events, 
Battles and realms : in thcf'e he put two weights, 
The fequel each of parting and of fight ; 
The latter quick up flew, and kick'd the beam ; 
Which Gabriel fpy ing, thus befpake the Fiend. 
Satan. I know thy ftrength, and thou know'ft 

mine ; 

Neither our own, but giv'n ; what folly then 
To boaft what arms can do ? fince thine no more 
Than Heav'n permits, nor mine, though doubled 


To trample thee as mire : for proof, look up, 
And read thy lot in yon celeftial fign, [weak, 

Where thou art weigh'd, and fhewn how light, how 
It thou rcfift. The Fiend look'd up, and knew 
His mounted fcale aloft ; nor more ; but fled 
Murm'ring, and with him fled the fhades of aught. 



^Fhe Argument. 

Morning approached, Eve relates to Adam her troublefome dream ; he likes it not, yet comforts her ; 
They come forth to their day lahours : Their morning hymn at the door of their bower : God, 
to render man inexcufable, fends Raphael to admonifli him of his obedience, of his free eftate, of 
his enemy near at hand, who he is, and why his enemy, and whatever elfe may avail Adam to 
know. Raphael comes down to Paradife ; his appearance defcribed ; his coming difcerned by Adam, 
afar off, fitting at the door of his bower ; he goes out to meet him, brings him to his lodge, enter 
tains him with the choiceft fruits of Paradife, got together by Eve ; their difcourfe at table : Ra 
phael performs his meifage, minds Adam of his ftate and of his enemy ; relates, at Adam's requeft^ 
who that enemy is, and how he came to be fo, beginning from his firft revolt in Heaven, and the 
occafion thereof ; how he drew his legions after him to the parts of the north, and there incited 
them to rebel with him, perfuading all but only Abdiel a Seraph, who in argument dilluades and 
oppofes him ; then forfakes him. 

JN ow morn her rofy fleps in th' eaflern clime 
Advancing, fcw'd the earth with orient pearl, 
When Adam wak'd, fo cuftom'd ; for his flcep 
Was airy light, from pure digeilion bred, 
And temp'rate vapours bland, which th' only 


Of leaves and fuming rills, Aurora's fan, 
Lightly difpers'd, and the fhrill matin fong 
Of birds on every bough ; fo much the more 
His wonder was to find unwaken'd Eve, 
With treffes difcompos'd, and glowing cheek, 
As through unquiet reft : he on his fide 
Leaning, half-rais'd, with looks of cordial love 
Hung over her enamour'd, and beheld 
Beauty, which, whether waking or afleep, 
Shot forth peculiar graces ; then with voice 
Mild, as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes, 
Her hand foft touching, whifper'd thus : Awake, 
My faireft, my efpous'd, my lateft found, 
Heav'u's laft bell gift, my ever hew delight, 
Awake ; the morning fhines, and the frefh. field 
Calls us ; we lofe the prime, to mark how fpring 
Our tended plants, how blows the citron grove. 
What drops the myrrh, and what the balmy reed, 
How Nature paints her colours, how the bee 
Sits on the bloom, extracting liquid fweet. 

Such whifp'ring wak'd her, but with ftartled eye 
On Adam, >vhom embracing, thus Ihe fpake. 

O fole, in whom my thoughts find all repofc. 
My glory, my perfection, glad I fee 
Thy face, and morn return'd ; for I this night 
(Such night till this I never pafs'd) have dream'd,, 
If dream'd, not as I oft am wont, of thee, 
Works of day paft, or morrow's next defign, 
But of offence and trouble, which my mind 
Knew never till this irkfomc night : Methought 
Clofe at mine ear one call'd me forth to walk 
With gentle voice, I thought it thine ; it laid, 
Why fleep'ft thou; Eve? now is the pleafant time, 
The cool, the filent, fave where filence yields 
To the night- warbling bird, that now awake 
Tunes fweeteft his love-labour'd fong ; now reigns 
Full orb'd the moon, and with more pleafing light 
Shadowy fets off the face of things ; in vain, 
If none regard ; Heav'n wakes with all his eyes, 
Whom to behold but thee, Nature's defire ? 
In whofe fight all things joy, with ravifhment 
Attracted by thy beauty ftill to gaze. 
I rofe as at thy call, but found thee not ; 
To find thee I directed then my walk ; 
And on, methought, alone I pafs'd through ways 
That brought me on a fudden to the tree 
Of interdicted knowledge : fair it feem'd, 
Much fairer to my fancy than by day : 
And as I wond'ring look'd, befide it flood [ven 
One Ihap'd and wing'dlike one of thofe from Hca- 


^y us oft feen ; his dewy locks diflilL'd 

Ambrofia ; on that tree he alfo gaz'd ; 

And, O fair plant ! faid he, with fruit furcharg'd, 

"Deigns none to eafe thy load, and tafte thy fweet, 

Nor God, nor Man ? is knowledge fo defpis'd ? 

Or envy', or what referve forbids to tafte ? 

Forbid who will, none ihall from me withhold 

.Longer thy offer'd good ; why elfe fet here ? 

"^hus faid, he .pa^o'd -not, but, with vent'rous arna, 

He pluck'd, he tafted ' y me damp horror chill'd 

At fuch bold words, vouch'd with a deed fo bold : 

But he thus, overjoy'd ; O fruit divine ! 

Sweet of thyfelf, but much more fweet thus cropt, 

Forbidden here, it feems, as only fit 

For Gods, yet able to make Gods of Men : 

And why not Gods of Men, fiuce good, the more 

Communicated, more abundant grows, 

The Author not impair'd, but honour'd more ? 

Here, happy creature, fair angelic Eve, 

Partake thou alfo, happy tho' thou art, 

Happier thou raay'ft be, 'worthier canft not be : 

Taite this^, and be henceforth among the Gods, 

Thyfelf a Goddefs, not to earth confin'd, 

Bus fometrmes in the air, as we fometimes 

Afcend to Heav'n, by merit thine, and fee 

What life the Gods live there, and fuch live thou. 

So faying, he drew nigh, and to me held, 

Ev'n to my mouth of that fame fruit held part, 

Which he had pluck'd; the pleafant favoury fmell 

**>0 cjakken'd appetite, that I, methought, 

Could not but tafte. Forthwith up to the clouds 

With him I flew, and underneath beheld 

The earth outftretch'dimmenfe, a profpecl wide 

And various : wond'ring at my flight and change 

To this high exaltation ; fuddenly 

My guide was gone, and I, methought, funk down, 

And fell afleep ; but O how glad I wak'd, 

To find this hut a dream ! Thus Eve her night 

Related, and thus Adam anfvver'd fad. 

Beft image of myfelf, and dearer half, 
The trouble of thy thoughts this night in fleep 
Affects me equally ; nor can I like 
This uncouth dream, of evil fprung I fear ; 
Yet evil whence ? in thee can harbour none, 
Created pure. But know that in the foul 
Are many leffer faculties, that ferve 
Reafon as chief : among thefe fancy next 
Her office holds ; of all external things 
Which the five watchful fenfes represent, ' 
She forms imaginations, airy fhapes, 
Which reafon joining or disjoining, frames 
All what we' affirm or what deny, and call 
Oar knowledge or opinion ; then retires 
Into her private cell when Nature refts. 
Oft in her abfence mimic fancy wakes 
To imitate her ; but misjoining fhapes, 
Wild works produces oft, and moft in dreams, 
111 matching words and deeds long paft or late. 
Some fuch refemblances, methinks, I find 
Of our laft evening's talk, in this thy dream, 
But with addition ftrange ; yet be not fad. 
Evil into the mind of God or Man 
May come and go, fo unapprov'd, and leave / 
>Ia jpot or blame behind : Which gives me hope 
*Aat what in fleep thou didft abhor to dream, 


Waking thou never wilt confent to do. 
Be not difhearten'd then, nor cloud thofe looks, 
Thar wont to be more cheerful andferene, 
Than when fair morning firft fmiles on the world j 
And let us to our frefh employmeuts rife 
Among the groves, the fountains, and the flowers 
That open now their choiceft bofom'd fmells, 
Referv'd from night, and kept for thee in {lore. 

So chcer'd he hisfairfpoufe,and fhe was cheer'd, 
But filently a gentle tear let fall 
From either eye, and wip'd them with her hair ; 
Two other precious drops that ready flood, 
Each in their cryilal fiuce, he, e'er they fell, 
Kifi>'d, as the gracious figns of fweet remorfe 
And pious awe, that fear'd to have offended. 
So all was clear'd, and to the field they hafle. 
But firft, from under fhady arb'rous roof, 
Soon as they forth were come to open fight 
Of day-fpring, and the fun, \vho fcarce up rifen, 
With wheels yet hpvering o'er the ocean brim, 
Shot parallel to the earth his dewy ray, 
Difcovering in wide lundfkip all the eaft 
Of Paraclife, and Eden's happy plains, 
Lowly they bow'd, adoring, and began 
Their orifons, each morning duly paid 
In various ilile ; for neither various ftilc 
Nor holy rapture wanted they to praife 
Their Maker, in fit ftrains pronounc'd or fung 
Unmeditated, fuch prompt eloquence 
Flow'd from their lips, in profe or numerous verfc. 
More tuneable than needed lute or harp 
To add more fweetnefs ; and they thus began. 

Thefe are thy glorious works, Parent of Good, 
Aimighty ; thine this univerfal frame, 
Thus wond'rous fair; thyfelf how wond'rous then! 
Unfpeakable, who fitft above thefe heavens 
To us invifible, or dimly feen 
In thefc thy iowefk works ; yet thefe declare 
Thy gooduefs beyond thought, and pow'r divine* 
Speak ye who beft can tell, ye fons of light, 
Angels ; for ye behold him, and with fongs 
And choral fymphonies, day without night, 
Circle his throne, rejoicing ; ye in Heaven, 
On earth join all ye creatures to extol 
Him firft, him laft, him midft, and without end. 
Faireft of ftars, lafb in the train of night, 
If better thou belong not to the dawn, '[morn 
Sure pledge of day, that crown'fl the fmiling 
With thy bright circlet, praife him in thy fphere, 
While day arifes, that fweet hour of prime. 
Thou Sun, of this great world both eye and foul, 
Acknowledge him thy greater, found his praife 
In thy eternal courfe, both when thou climb'fl, 
And when high noon haft gain'd, and when thou 


Moon, that now meet'ft the orient fun, now fly'ft, 
With the fix'd jftars, fix'd in their orb that flics, 
And ye five other wand'ring fires that move 
In myftic dance, not without fong, refound 
His praife, who out of darknefs call'd up light, 
Air, and ye Elements, the eldeft birth 
Of Nature's womb, that in quaternion run 
Perpetual circle, multiform, and mix 
And nourifh all things ; let your ceafelefs change 
Vary to our great Maker ftiil new praife. 



Ye mifts and exhalations that now rife 
prom hill or {teaming lake, duiky or grey, 
.Till the fun paint your fleecy Ikirts with gold, 
In honour to the world's great Author rife, 
Whether to deck with clouds th' uncolour'd iky, 
Or wet the thirfty earth with falling fhowers, 
Rifing or falling, ftill advance his praife. 
His praife, ye winds, that from four quarters blow, 
Breathe foft or loud ; and wave your tops, ye 


With every plant, in fign of worfhip wave. 
Fountains, and ye that warble, as ye flow, 
Melodious murmurs, warbling tune his praife. 
Join voices, all ye living fouls : ye Birds, 
That, finging, up to Heaven gate afcend, 
Bear on your wings, and in your notes his praife. 
Ye that in waters glide, and ye that walk 
The earth, and {lately tread, or lowly creep ; 
Witnefs if I be filent, morti, or even, 
To hill or valley, fountain or frelh fhade, 
Made vocal by my fong, and taught his praife. 
Hail ! univerfal Lord, be bounteous ftill 
To give us only good ; and if the night 
Have gathered ought of evil, or conceal'd, 
Difperie it, as now light difpels the dark. 
1 So pray'd they innocent, and to their thoughts 
Firm peace recover'd foon, and wonted calm. 
On to their morning's rural work they hafte 
Among fv/eet dews and ftow'rs ; where any row 
Of fruit-trees over-woody reach'd too far 
Their pamper'd boughs, and needed hands to check 
Fruitlefs embraces : or they led the vine 
To wed her elm : {he fpous'd about him twines 
Her marriageable arms, and with her brings 
Her dow'r th' adopted charters, to adorn 
His barren leaves. Them thus employ'd beheld 
With pity Heav'n's high King, and to him call'd 
Raphael, the focia^ble Sp'rit, that deign 'd 
To- travel with Tobias, and fecur'd 
His marriage with the fev'n times wedded maid. 

Raphael, faid he, thou hear'ft what ftir on Earth 
Satan from Hell 'fcap'd through the darkfome gulf 
Hath rais'd in Paradife, and how difturb'd 
This night the human pair, how he defigns 
In them at once to ruin all mankind. 
Go therefore, half this day, as friend with friend, 
Converfe with Adam in what bow'r or (hade 
Thou findft him^ frdm the heat of noon retir'd, 
To refpite his'day-labour with repaft, 
Or with repofe ; and fuch difcourfe bring on 
As may advife him of his happy fcate, 
Happinefs in his pow'r left free to will, 
Left to his own free will, his will tho' free, 
Yet mutable ; whence warn him to beware 
He fwerve not too fecure : tell him withal 
His danger, and from whom ; what enemy, 
Late fall'n himfelf from Heav'n, is plotting now 
The fall of others from like ftate of blifs ; 
By violence ? no ; for that ftiall be withftood ; 
But by deceit and lies ; this let him know, 
Left, wilfully tranfgrefling, he pretend 
Surprifal, unadmonifti'd, unforewarn'd. 

So fpake th' eternal Father, and fulfill'd 
All juftice : nor delay 'd the winged Saint 
After Jiis charge receiv'd ; but from among 

Thoufand celeftial Ardors, where he flood [light* 
Veil'd with his gorgeous wings, up i'pringing 
Flew through the midft of Heav'n ; th' angelic 


On each hand parting, to his fpeed gave way 
Through all th' empyreal road ; till at the gate 
Of Heav'n arriv'd, the gate felf-open'd wide, 
On golden hinges turning, as by work 
Divine, the Sovereign architect had fram'd. 
From hence no cloud, or, to obftruil his fight, 
Star interpos'd, however fmall he fees, 
Not unconform to other fhining globes, 
Earth, and the gard'n of God, with cedars 


Above all hills. As when by night the glafs 
Of Galileo, lefs afiur'd, obferves 
Imagin'd lands and regions in the moon ; 
Or pilot, from amidft the Cyclades, 
Delos or Samos, firfl appearing, kens 
A cloudy fpot. Down thither prone in flight 
He fpeeds, and through the vaft ethereal iky 
Sails between worlds and worlds, with Heady 


Now on the polar winds, then with quick fan 
Winnows the buxom air ; till within foar 
Of tow'ring eagles, to* all the fowls he feems 
A Phoenix, gaz'd by all, as that fole bird, 
When to inftirine his reliques in the fun's 
Bright temple, to Egyptian Thebes he flies. 
At once on th'eafternclift'of Paradife 
He lights, and to his proper {hape returns 
A Seraph wing'd ; fix wings he wore, to fhadc 
His lineaments divine ; the pair that clad 
Each Ihoulder broad, came mantling o'er his 
With regal ornament ; the middle pair [breaft, 
Girt like a ftarry zone his wafte, and round 
Skirted his loins and thighs with downy gold 
And colours dipt in Heav'n ; the third his feet 
Shadow'd from either heel with feather'd mail, 
Sky-tin&ur'd grain. Like Maia's fon he ftood, 
And {hook his plumes, that heav'nly fragrance 


The circuit wide. Strait knew him all the bands 
Of Angels under watch ; and to his ftate, 
And to his meflage high in honour rife ; 
For on fome meflage high they guefs'd him bound. 
Their glittering tents he pafs'd, and now is come 
Into the blifsful field, through groves of myrrh, 
And flow'ring odours, caflia, nard, and balm ; 
A wildernefs of fweets ; for Nature here 
Wanton'd as in her prime, and play'd at will 
Her virgin fancies, pouring forth more fweet, ~\ 
Wild above rule or art ; enormous blifs. 
Him through the fpicy foreft onward come 
Adam difcern'd, as in the door he fat 
Of his cool bow'r, while now the mounted fun 
Shot down direct his fervid rays to warm [needs : 
Earth's inmoft womb, more warmth than Adam 
And Eve within, due at her hour prepar'd 
For dinner favoury fruits, of tafte to pleafe 
True appetite, and not difrelifli thirft [ftream, 
Of ned;'rous draughts between, from milky 
Berry or grape : to whom thus Adam call'd. 

Hafte hither, Eve, and worth thy fight behold 
Ea{hvard among tfcofe tress, what glorigns lhaj.< 



Comes this way moving ; feems another morn 
Ris'n on mid-noon ; fome great beheftfroni Hea 

To us perhaps he brings, and will vouchfafe 
This day to be our gueft. But go with fpeed, 
And what thy ftores contain, bring forth, and 
Abundance, fit to honour and receive [pour 

Our heav'nly ftranger : well we may afford 
OUT givers their own gifts, and large beftow 
From large beftow'd, where Nature multiplies 
Her fertile growth, and by difburd'ning grows 
More fruitful, which inftruds us not to fpare. 

To whom thus Eve. Adam, earth's hallow'd 


Of God infpir'd, fmall ftore will ferve, where {lore, 
All feafons, ripe for ufe, hangs on the ftalk ; 
oave what by frugal ftoring firmnefs gains 
To nourifh, fuperfluous moift confumes : 
But I will hafte, and from each bough and brake, 
.'Each, plant and jucieft gonrd, will pluck fuch choice 
To entertain our Angel gueft, as he 
Beholding fhall confcfs, that here on earth 
God hath difpens'd his bounties as in Heaven. 

So faying, with difpatchful looks in hafte 
She turns, on hofpitable thoughts intent, 
What choice to choofe for delicacy beft, 
What order, fo contriv'd as not to mix 
TullcSj not well join'd, inelegant, but bring 
Tafte after tafte upheld with kindlieft change ; 
Beftirs her then, and from each tender ftalk 
Whatever Earth, all-bearing mother, yields 
In India Eaft or Weft, or middle fhore 
In Pontus or the Punic coaft, or where 
Alcinous reign'd, fruit of all kinds, in coat 
Rough or frnooth rin'd, or bearded hufk, or fhell, 
JShe gathers, tribute large, and on the board 
Heaps with nniparing hand; for drink the grape 
{She, inoffenfive muft, and meaths 
I ; r&m many a berry', and from fweet kernels prefs'd 
She tempers dulcet creams ; nor thefe to hold 
Wants her fit veffels pure ; then ftrows the ground 
With rofe and odours from the fhrub unfum'd. 

Meanwhile our primitive great fire, to meet 
His god-like gueft, walks forth, without more 


Accompanied than with his own complete 
Perfections ; in himfelf was all his ftate, 
More folenin than the tedious pomp that waits 
On princes, when their rich retinue long 
Of horfes led, and grooms befmear'd with gold, 
Dazzles the crowd, and fets then all agape. 
Nearer his prefence Adam, tho' not aw'd, 
Yet with fubmifs approach and reverence meek, 
As to' a fuperior nature, bowing low, 
Thus faid. Native of Heav'n, for other place 
:None can than Heav'n fuch glorious lhape con 
tain ; 

.Since by defcending from the thrones above, 
Thofe happy places thou haft deign'd a while 
To want, and honour thefe, vouchfafe with us 
. Two' only, who yet by fov'reign gift poffefs 
This fpacious ground, in yonder lhady bower 
To reft, and what the garden choiceft bears 
To fit and tafte, till this meridian heat 
Ce over, and the fun more cool decline. 

Whom thus th' angelic Virtue anfwer'd mild. 
Adam, I therefore came ; nor art thou fuch 
Created, or fuch place haft here to dwell, 
As may not oft invite, tho' Sp'rits of Heaven, 
To vifit thee ; lead on then where thy bower 
O'erfhades ; for thefe mid-hours, till ev'iu'ng rife, 
1 have at will. So to the fylvan lodge 
They came, that like Pomona's arbour fmil'd 
With flow'rets deck'd and fragrant fmells ; but 


Undeck'd, fave with herfelf, more lovely fair 
Than Wood-Nymph,or the faireft Goddefs feigned 
Of three that in mount Ida naked ftrove, 
Stood to* entertain her gueft from heav'n ; no veil 
She needed, virtue-prooi ; no thought infirm 
Alter'd her cheek. On whom the Angel Hail 
Beftow'd, the holy falutation us'd 
Long after to bleft Mary, i'econd Eve. 

Hail Mother of Mankind, whofe fruitful womb 
Shall fill the world more numerous with thy fons, 
Than with thefe various fruits the trees of God 
H.v.-e heap'd this table. Rais'd of graffy turf 
T::ur table was, and moffy feats had round, 
:' ud on her ample f<-uare from fide to fide 
All autumn pil'd,tho' fpring and autumn here 
Dunc'd hand in hand. A while difcourie they 


No fear left dinner cool ; when thus began 
Our author. Heav'nly ftranger, pleafe to tafte 
Thefe bounties, which our Nourifher, from whom 
All perfect good, mnneafur'd out, defcends, 
To us for food and for delight hath caus'd 
The earth to yield ; unfavoury food perhaps 
To fpiritual natures ; only this I knew, 
That one celeftial Father gives to all. 

To whom the angel. Therefore what he gives 
(Whofe prrdfe be ever fung) to Man in part 
Spiritual, may of pureft bp'rits be found 
No' ingrateful food : and food alike thofe pure 
Intelligential fubftances require, 
As doth your rational ; and both contain 
Within them every lower faculty [tafrc, 

Of fenie, whereby they hear, fee, fmell, touch, 
Tailing concoct, digeft, aflimilate, 
And corporeal to incorporeal turn. 
For know, whatever was created, needs 
To be fuftain'd and fed ; of elements 
The groffer feeds the purer, earth the fea, 
Earth and the fea feed air, the air thofe fires 
Ethereal, and as loweft firft the moon ; 
Whence in her vifage round thofe fpots unpurg'd 
Vapours not yet into her fubftance turn'd. 
Nor doth the moon no nourishments exhale 
From her moift continent to higher orbs. 
The fun, that light imparts to all, receives 
From all his alimental recompenie 
In humid exhalations, and at even 
Sups with the ocean. Though in Heav'n the trees 
Of life ambrofial fruitage bear, and vines 
Yield nectar ; through from off the boughs eack 


We brufh mellifluous dews, and find the ground 
Cover'd with pearly grain : yet God hath here 
Varied his bounty fo with new delights, 
As may compare with Heaven ; and to uftc 

Sal It. 


Think not I fliall lie nice. So down they fat, 

And to their viands fell ; nor feemingly 

The Angel, nor in mift, the common gtofs 

The Theologians ; but with keen difpatch 

Of real hunger, and conco&ive heat 

To tranfubftantiate : what redounds, tranfpires 

Through Spirits with eafe ^ nor wonder, if by fire 

Of footy coal th' empiric alchemift 

Can turn, or holds it pofllble to turn, 

Metals of dromeft ore to perfect gold 

As from the mine. Mean while at table Eve 

Minifter'd naked, and their flowing cups 

With plcafant liquors crown'd : O innocence 

Deferring Paradile ! if ever, then, 

Then had the fonx of God excufe to have been 

Enamour'd at that fight ; but in thofe hearts 

Love unlibidinous reign'd, nor jealoufy 

Was underftood, the injur'd lover's Hell. 

Thus when with meats and drinks they had 


Not burden'd nature, fudden mind arofe 
In Adam, not to let th' occafion pafs 
Giv'n him by this great conference, to know 
Of things above his world, and of their being 
Who dwell in Heav'n, whofe excellence he faw 
Tranfcend his own fo far, whole radiant forms 
Divine effulgence, whofe high pow'r fo far 
Exceeded human, and his wary fpeech 
Thus to th* impyreal minifter he fram'd. 

Inhabitant with God, now know I well 
Thy favour, in this honour done to Man, 
Under whofe lowly roof thou haft vouchfaf 'd 
To enter, and thefe earthly fruits to taile, 
Food not of Angels, yet accepted Jfo, 
As, that more willingly thou couldft not feem 
At Heav'n's high feafts to' have fed : yet what 
compare ? 

To whom the winged Hierarch reply'd. 
O Adam, one Almighty is, from whom 
All things proceed, and up to him return, 
If not deprav'd from good, created all 
Such to perfection, one firft matter all, 
Indued with various forms, various degrees 
Of iubftance, and in things that live, of life ; 
13ut more refin'd, friorefpiritous, and pure, 
As nearer to him plac'd, or nearer tending 
Each in their feveral active fpheres afiign'd, 
Till body up to fpirit work, in bounds 
Proportioned to each kind. So from the root 
Springs lighter the green {talk, from thence the 


More airy, lafl the bright confummate flower 
Spirits odorous breathes : flow'rs and their fruit, 
Man's nourifhment, by gradual fcale fublim'd, 
To vital fpirits afpire, to animal, 
To intellectual ; give both life and fenfe, 
Fancy and underitanding ; whence the foul 
Reafon receives, and reafon is her being, 
Difcurfive, or intuitive ; difcourfe 
Is of tell yours, the latter moft is ours, 
Differing but in degree, of kind the fame. 
Wonder not then, what God for you faw good 
If I refufe not, but convert, as you, 
To proper fubftance : time may come, when Men 
With Angels may participate, and find 

No inconvenient diet* nor too Hglit fare ; 
And from thefe corporal nutriments perhaps 
Your bodies may at laft turn all to fpirit, 
Improv'd by trad of time, and wing'd afcemi ) 
Ethereal, as we, or may at choice 
Here or in heav'nly Paradifes dwell ; 
If ye be found obedient, and retain 
Unalterably firm his love entire, 
Whofe progeny you are. Mean while enjoy 
Your fill what happinefs this happy ftate 
Can comprehend, incapable of more. 

To whom the patriarch of mankind reply'd. 
O favourable Spirit, propitious gueft, 
Well haft thou taught the way that might dire& 
Our knowledge, and the fcale of nature fet 
From centre to circumference, whereon 
In contemplation of created things 
By fteps we may afcend to God. But fay, 
What meant that caution join'd, If ye be found 
Obedient ? can we want obedience then 
To him, or poflibly his love defert, 
Who form'd us from the duft, and plac'd us here 
Full to the utmoft meafure of what blifs 
Human defrres can feek or apprehend ? 

To whom the Angel. Son of Heav'n and Eaxtlt* 
Attend : That thou art happy, owe to God ; 
That thou continueft fuch, owe to thyfelf, 
That is, to thy obedience ; therein ftand. 
This was that caution giv'n thee ; be advifM. 
God made thee perfedl, not immutable ; 
And good he made thee, but to perfevere 
He left it in thy pow'r ; ordain'd thy will 
By nature free, not over-rul'd by fate 
Inextricable, or ftrivSl necefilty : 
Our voluntary fervice he requires, 
Not our neceffitated ; fuch with him 
Finds no acceptance, nor can find ; for bow 
Can hearts, not free, be try'd whether they ferve 
Willing or no, who will but what they muft 
By deiliny, and can no other choofe ? 
Myfelf and all th' angelic hoft, that ftand 
In fight of God enthron'd, our happy ftate 
Hold, as you yours, while our obedience 
On other furety none ; freely we ferve, 
Becaufe we freely love, as in our will 
To love or not j in this we ftand or fall : 
Arid fome are fall'n, to difobedience falPn., 
And fo from Heav'n to deepeft Hell ; O fall 
From what high ftate of blils into what woe 1 

To whom our great progenitor. Thy word* 
Attentive, and with more delighted ear, 
Divine inftru&or, I have heard, than when 
Cherubic fongs by night from neighb'ring hills 
Aereal mufic fend : nor knew I not 
To be both will and deed created free ; 
Yet that we never fliall forget to love 
Our Maker, and obey him whofe command 
Single is yet fo juft, my conftant thoughts 
Aflur'd me, and flill affure : though what thoc 


Hath paff'd in Heav'n, fome doubt within me 
But more defire to hear, if thou confent, [move a 
The full relation, which muft needs be ftrange, 
Worthy of facred filence to be heard ; 
Ajid we have yet large day, for fcarce the fua 


Hath finifh'd half his journey, and fcarce begins 
His other half in the great zone of Heav'n. 

Thus Adam made requeft ; and Raphael 
After fhort paufe affenting, thus began. . 
I High matter thou injoin'ft me,.O prime of men, 
Sad taik and hard ; for how fliall I. relate 
To human fenfe, th' invifible exploits 
Of warring Spirits ? how,without remorfe 
The ruin of fo many glorious once 
And perfect while they ftood ? how laft unfold 
The fecrets of another world, perhaps 
Not lawful to reveal ? yet for thy good 
This is difpens'd ; and what f urmounts the reach 
Of human fenfe, I fhall delineate fo, 
By likening fpiritual to corporal forms, 
As may exprefs them beft ; though what if Earth 
Be but the fhadow of Heav'n, and things therein 
Each to other like, more than on earth is thought ? 

As yet this world was not, and Chaos wild . 
Reign d where thefe Heav'ns now roll, where 

Earth now; refts" < 

Upon her ceritrc pois'd ; when on a day 
(For time, though in eternity, apply/.d 
To motion, meafures all things durable. 
By prefent, pail, and future) on fuch day 
As Heav'n's great year brings forth, the empyreal 
Of Angels by imperial fummons call'd, [holt 

Innumerable before th Almighty's throne 
Forthwith from all the ends of Heav'n appear'd 
Under their Hierarchs in orders bright : 
Ten thoufand thoufand enfigns high advanc'd, 
Standards and gonfalons 'twixt van and rear 
Stream in the air, and for diftinction ferve 
Of hierarchies, of orders, and degrees ; 
Or in their glittering tiffues bear imblaz'd 
Holy memorials, acts of zeal and love 
Recorded eminent. Thus when in orbs 
Of circuit inexpreflible they ftood, 
Orb within orb, the Father infinite, 
By whom in blifs imbofom'd fat the Son, 
Amidft as from a flaming mount, whole top 
Brightnefs had made invifible, thus fpake. 

Hear all ye Angels, progeny of light, 
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, 


Hear my decree, which unrevok'd fliall ftand. 
This day I have begot whom I declare 
My only Son, and on this holy hill 
Him have anointed, whom ye now behold 
At my right hand ; your head I him appoint ; 
And by myfelf have fworn to him fhall bow 
All knees in Heav'n, and fhall confefs him Lord ; 
Under his great vice-gerent reign abide 
United as one individual foul 
For ever happy : Him who difobeys, 
Me difobeys, breaks union, and that day, 
Caft out from God and bleffed vifion, falls 
Into utter darknefs, deep ingulf 'd, his place 
Ordain'd without redemption, without end. 

So fpake th' Omnipotent, and with his words 
All feem'd well pleas'd ; all feem'd, but were not 
That day, as other folemn days, they fpent fall. 
In fong and dance about the facred hill; 
Myftical dance, which yonder ftarry fphere 
Of planets and of fix'd in all her wheels. 

Refembles neareft, mazes intricate, 

Eccentric, intervolv'd, yet regular 

Then moil, when moft irregular they feem ; 

And in their motions harmony divine 

So fmooths, her charming tones, that God's own 

ear . - , , 

Lifteus delighted. Evening now approach'd 
(For we have alfo our evening and our morn, 
We ours for change delectable, not need) 
Forthwith from dance to fweet repnft they turn 
Defuwrs ; all in circjes as they ftood, 
Tables are fet, and on a fudden pil'd 
With Angels food, and rubied nectar flows 
In pearl, in diamond, and maffy gold, 
Fruit. of delicious vines, the growth of Heaven. 
On flow/rs rcpos'd, and with frefli flow'rets 


They cat x they drink, and in communion fweet 
Quaff immortality and joy, fecure , 
Of furfeit where full meafure only bounds 
Excefs, before th' all-bounteous King, who fhowr'd 
With copious hand, rejoicing in their, joy. 
Now when ambrqfial night with clouds exhal'd : 
From, .that high mount of God, whence light and 

Spring, both, the face of brighteft Heav'n had 


To grateful twilight (for night comes not there 
In darker veil) and rofeat dews difpos'd 
All but th' unfleeping eyes of God to reft ; 
Wide over all the plain, and wider far, 
Than all this globous earth in plain otitfpread, 
(Such are the courts of God) th' angelic throng, 
Difpers'd in bands and files, their camp extend 
By living ftreams among the trees of life, 
Pavilions numberlefs, and fudden rear'd, 
Celeftial tabernacles, where they flept 
Fann'd with cool winds ; fave thofe who in their 


Melodious hymns about the fovran throne 
Alternate all night long : but not fo wak'd 
Satan ; fo call him now, his former name. . 
Is heard no more in Heav'n ; he .of the firft, 
If not the firft Arch-Angel, great in power, 
In favour and preeminence, yet fraught 
With envy againft the fon of God, that day 
Honour'd by his great Father, and proclaim'd 
Meffiuh King anointed, could, not bear 
Through pride that fight, and thou ghtjumfelf im 
pair" d. 

Deep malice thence conceiving and difdain, 
Soon as midnight brought on the dulky hour 
Friendlieft to fleep and filence, he refolv'd 
With all his legions to diflodge, and leave 
Unworfhipt, unobey'd, the throne fupreme 
Contemptuous, and his next fubordinate 
Awak'ning, thus to him in fecret fpake. 

Sleep'ft thou, Companion dear, what fleep can 


Thy eye-lids ? and remember'ft what decree 
Of yefterday, fo late hath pafs'd the lips 
Of Heav'n's Almighty. Thou to me thy thoughts 
Was wont, I mine to. thee was wont to impart ; 
Both walking we were one ; how then can -cow 
Thy fleep diffent I New laws thou feeft iniros'd ; 


New laXvs from Kim who reigns, new minds may 
Iii us who ferve, new counfels, to debate [raife 
What doubtful may enfue : more in this place 
To utter is not iafe. Aflemble thou 
O? all thofe myriads which we lead the chief; 
Tell them that by command, e'er yet dim night 
Her fhadowy cloud withdraws, I am to haile, 
An4 all who under me their banners wave 
Homeward with flying march where we poffefa 
The quarters' of the north ; there to prepare 
Fit entertainment to receive our king 
The gr*at MefTiah, and liis new commands, 
Who fpeedily through all the hierarchies 
Intends tD pafs triumphant, and give laws. 

So fpake the falfe Arch- Angel, and infusM 1 
Bad influence into th' unwary breaft 
Of his affociate : he together calls, 
Or feveral one by one, the regent Powers, 
Under him regent ; tells, as he was taught, 
That the moft High commanding, now e'er night, 
Now e'er dim night had dvlincumber'd Heaven, 
The great hierarchal ftandard was to move ; 
Tells the fuggefted caufe, and cafts between 
Ambiguous words and jealoufies, to found 
Or taint integrity : but all obey'd 
The wonted lignal-, and fuperior voice 
Of their great potentate ; for great indeed 
His name, and high Was hfs degree in Heaven ; 
His count'nance, as the morning ftar that guides 
The ftarry flock, allur'd them, and with lies 
Drew after him the third part of Heav'n's hoft. 
Mean white th' eternal eye, whofe fight difcerns 
Abftruffft thoughts, from forth his holy mount 
And from within the golden lamps thnt burn 
Nightly before him, faw without their light 
Rebellion riling, faw in whom, how fpread 
Among the fons of morn, what multitudes 
Were banded to oppofe his high decree ; 
And fmiling to his only Son, thus faid. 

Sorry thou in whom my glory I behold : 
fn full refplendence, Heir of all my might, 
Nearly it now concerns us to be fure 
Of our omnipotence, and with what arms 
We mean to hold wUat anciently we claim- 
Of deity or empire ; fach a foe 
k rifing, who intends to erexSt his throne 
Equal to ours, throughout the ipacious north ; 
Nor fo content, hath m his thought to try 
In battle, what our pow'r is, or our right. 
Let us advife, and to this hazard draw 
With f-peed what force is left, and alt employ 
In our defence, left unawares we lofe 
This our high place, our fanctuary, our hill. 

To whom the Son with calm afpect and clear, 
Lightning divine, ineffable, ferene, 
Made aniwer. Mighty Father, thou thy foe 
Juftly haft in derifion, and fecure 
Laugh'ft at their vain defigns and tumults vain, 
Matter to me of glory, whom their hate 
Illnftrates, when they fee all regal power 
Giv'n me to quell their pride, and in event 
Know whether I be dextrous to fubdue 
Thy rebels, or be found the worft in Heaven. 

So fpake the Son ; but Satan with his powers 
Far was advanc'd on winged fpeed, an hoft 

Innumerable as the ftars of night, 

Or ftars of morning, dew-drops, which the fuB 

Impearls on every leaf and every flower. 

Regions they pafs'd, the mighty regencies 

Of Seraphim and Potentates and Thrones 

In their triple degrees ; regions to which 

All thy dominion,. Adam, is no more 

Than what this garden is to all the earth, 

And all the fea, from one entire globofe 

Stretch'd into longitude ; whkh having pafs'd 

At length into the limits of the north 

They came, and Satan to his royal feat 

High on a hill, far blazing, as a mount 

Rais'd on a mount, with pyramids and towers 

From diamond quarries hewn, and rocks of gold ; 

The palace of groat Lucifer, (fo call 

That ilructure in the dialect: of men 

Interpreted) which not long after, he, 

Affecting all equality with God, 

In imitation of that mount whereon 

Meffiah was declar d in fight of Heaven, 

The Mountain of the congregation call'd ; 

For thither he affembled all his train, 

Pretending, fo commanded, to confult 

About the great reception of their king, 

Thither to come, and with calumnious art 

Of counterfeited truth thus held their ears. 

Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virturs^, 
If thefe magnific titles yet remain [Power*,, 

Not merely titular, fince by decree 
Another now hath to himlelf ingrofs'd 
All pow'r, and us eclips'd under the name 
Of King anointed, for whom all this hafte 
Of midnight march, and hurried meeting here fc 
This only to confult, how we may beft 
With what may be devis'd of honours new 
Receive him coming to receive from us 
Knee-tribute yet'unpaid, proftration vile, 
Too much to one, but double how indur'd 
To one and to his image now proclaim'd ? 
But what if better counfels might ere<9: 
Our minds, and teach us to caft off this yoke ? 
Will ye fubmit your necks, and choofe to bend 
The fupple knee ? ye will not, if I truft 
To know ye right, or if ye know yourfelves 
Natives and fons of Heav'n pofiefs'd before 
By none, and if not equal all, yet free, 
Equally free ; for orders and degrees 
Jar not with liberty, but well cgnfift, 
Who can in reafon then, or right aiTume 
Monarchy over fuch as live by right 
His equals ; if in pow'r and fplendor lefs. 
In freedom equal ? or can introduce 
Law and edict on us, who without law 
Err not ? much lefs for this to be our Lord, 
And look for adoration to th' abufe 
Of thofe imperial titles, which aflert 
Our being ordain'd to govern, not to ferve. 

Thus far his bold difcourfe without controul 
Had audience, when among the Seraphim 
Abdiel, than whom none with more zeal ador'4 
The Deity, and divine commands obey'd, 
Stood up, and in a flame of zeal fevere 
The current of his fury thus oppos'd. 

O argument blafphemous, fulfe and proud J 



Words which no ear ever to hear in Heav'n 

.Expected, leaft of all from thee, Ingrate, 

In place thyfelf fo high above thy peers. 

Canft thou with impious obloquy condemn 

The juft decree of God, pronounc'd and fworn, 

That to his only Son by right indued 

With regal fceptre, every foul in Heav'n 

Shall bend the knee, and in that honour due 

Confefs him rightful king ? unjuft, thou fay'ft, 

Flatly unjuft, to bind with laws the free, 

And equal over equals to let reign, 

One over all with unfuccecded power. 

Shalt thou give law to God, fhalt thou difpute 

With him the points of of liberty, who made 

Thee what thou art, and form d the Pow'rs of 


Such as he pleas'd, and circnmfcrib'd their being ? 
Yet, by experience taught, we know how good, 
And of our good and of our dignity 
How provident he is, how far from thought 
To make us lefs, bent rather to exalt 
Our happy ftate under one head more near 
United. But to grant it thee unjuft, 
That equal over equals monarchs reign : 
Thyfelf though great and glorious doit thou count, 
Or all angelic nature join'd in one, 
Equal to him begotten Son ? by whom 
As by his word the mighty Father made 
All things, ev'n thee ; and all the Spirits of 


By him created in their bright degrees, 
Crown'd them with glory, and to their glory 

Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, 


Pffential Pow'rs ; nor by his reign obfcur'd, 
But more illuftrious made ; fince he the head 
One of our number thus reduc'd becomes ; 
His laws our laws ; all honour to him done 
Returns our own. Ceafe then this impious rage, 
And tempt not thefe ; but haften to appeafe 
Th' incenfed Father, and th' incenfed Son, 
While pardon may be found in time befought. 

So fpake the fervent Angel ; but his zeal 
None feconded, as out of feafon judg'd, 
Or fingular and rafh ; whereat rejoic'd 
Th' Apoftate, and more haughty thus reply 'd : 
That we were form'd then, fay'ft thou ? and the 
Of fecondary hands, by talk transferr'd [work 
From Father to his Son ? ftrange point and new ! 
iJodrine which we would know whence Icarn'd : 

who taw 

When this creation was ? remember'ft thou 

Thy making, while the Maker gave thee being ? 

We know no time when we were not as now ; 

Know none before us, felf-begot, felf-rais'd 

By our own quick'ning pow'r, when fatal courfe 

Had circl'd his full orb, the birth matuic 

Of this our native Heav'n, ethereal fons. 

Our puiffance is our own ; our own right hand 

Shall teach us higheft deeds, by proof to try 

Who is our equal : then thou flialt behold 

Whether by iupplication we intend 

Addrefs, and to begirt th' Almighty throne 

Befeeching or befieging. This report, 

Thefe tidings carry to th' anointed King ; 

And fly, e'er evil intercept thy flight. 

He laid ; and, as the found of waters deep, 
Hoarfe murmour echo'd to his words applaufe 
Through the infinite hoft ; nor lefs for that 
The flaming Seraph fearlefs, though alone 
Incompafs'd round with foes, thus anfwer'd bold, 

O alienate from God, O Spirit accurs'd, 
Forfaken of all good ! I fee thy fall 
Determin'd, and thy haplels crew involved 
In this perfidious fraud, contagion ipread 
Both of thy crime and punifhment : henceforth 
No more be troubled how to quit the yoke 
Of God's Mefiiah ; thofe indulgent laws 
Will not be now vouchfai'd ; other decrees 
Againft thee are gone forth without recall ; 
That golden fceptre, which thou didft reje<5t s 
Is now an iron rod to bruife and break 
Thy difobedience. Well thou didft advife, 
Yet not for thy advice or threats I fly 
Thefe wicked tents devoted, left the wrath 
Impendent, raging into fudden flame 
Diftinguifh not : for foon expetSt to feel 
His thunder on thy head, devouring fire. 
Then who created thee lamenting learn, 
When who can uncreate thee thou lhalt know, 

So fpake the Seraph Abdiel, faithful found 
Among the faithlefs, faithful only he ; 
Among innumerable flfe, unmov'd, 
Unfhaken, unfeduc'd, unterrify'd, 
His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal ; 
Nor number, nor example with him wrought 
To fvverve from'truth, or change his conftant min dj 
Though fingle. From amidft them forth he pafs'd, 
Long way through hoftile fcorn, which he fuitain'd 
Superior, nor of violence fear'd ought ; 
And with retorted fcorn his back he turn'd 
On thofe proud tow'rs, to fvvift deftrudion doom'd. 



'The Argument. 

continues to relate how Michael and Gabriel were fent forth to battle againfl Satan and hi 3' 
angels. The firft fight defcrib'd : Satan and his powers retire under night : he calls a council, in 
vents devilifh engines, which in the fecond day's fight put Michael and his angels to fome diforder i 
l>ul they at length, pulling up mountains, overwhelm' d both the force and machines of Satan : yet 
the tumult not fo ending, God on. the third day fends Meffiah his Son, for whom he had referv'd the 
.glory of that viclory : he in the power of his Father coming to the place, and caufmg all his legions 
to {land full on either fide, with his chariot and thunder driving into the midfl of his enemies, pur- 
_iues them unable to refift, towards the wall of Heaven ; which opening, they leap down with horror 
and confufion into the place of punifhment prepar'd for them in the Deep : Meffiah returns with 
triumph to his Father. 

An, night the dreadlefs angel unpurfued 
Through Heav'n's wide champain held his way, 

till Morn, 

Wak'd by the circling Hours, with rofy hand 
Unbarr'd the gates of Light.. There is a cave 
Within the mount of God, fcift by his throne, 
Where light and darknefs in perpetual round 
Lodge and diflodge by turns, which makes through 
Grateful .viciffitude, like day and night ; [Heav'n 
Light iffues forth, and at the other door 
OWtquious Darknefs enters, tjil her hour 
To veil the Heaven, though darknefs there might 

.well .-? <4.(j 

Seem twilight here : and. now went forth the 


Such as in higheft Heav'n, array'd in gold 
Empyreal; from before her varrifh'd Night, 
Shot through with orient beams ; when all the 


Cover'd with thick imbattPd fquadrom bright, 
Chariots, and flaming arms, and fiery fteeds 
Reflecting blaze on blaze, tirft met his view : 
War he perceiv'd, war in prochict, and found 
Already known what he for news had thought 
To have jeported : gladly then he mix'd 
Among thofe friendly powers, who him receiv'd 
With joy and acclamations loud, that one, 
That of fo many myriads falPn, yet one 
Rttitn'd not loll :.on to the Sacred Hill 

They led him high applauded, and prefeiit 
Before the feat iuprcme ; from whence. a voice 
From midfr a golden cloud thus mild was heard : t 
Servant of God, well done; well haft thou fought 
The better fight, who Tingle haft maintain'd 
Ajrainft revolted multitudes the caufe 
Of truth, in word mightier than they in arms ; 
And for the teftirnony of truth haft borne 
Univerfal reproach, far worfe to bear 
Than violence ; 'for -.this was all thy care, 
To Hand approv'd in fight of God, though worlds 
Judg'd thee perverfe : the eafier conqueft now 
Remains thee, aided by this hoft of friends, 
Back on thy foes more glorious to return 
Than fcorn'd thou didft depart, and to fubduc 
By force, who reafon for their law refefe, 
Right reafon for their law, and. for their king 
Meffiah, who by right of merit reigns. 
Go, Michael, of celeiual armies prince, 
And thou in military prowefs next, 
Gabriel, lead forth to battle, thefe my fons 
Invincible, lead forth my armed faints ; - : .1 s 
By thonfands and by millions rang'd for fight 
Equal in number to that godlefs crew, 
Rebellious ; them, with fire and hoftile arms 
Fearlefs afltuilt, and to the brow of Heay'n 
Purfuing, drive them out from God ar.ii blifS - 
Into their place of punifhment, the gulf 
Of Tartarus yhich ready- opens wide 



His fkry chaos to receive their fall. 

So fpake the Sov'reign Voice, and clouds began 
To darken all the hill, and fmoke to roll 
In dulky wreaths, reluctant flames, the fign 
Of wrath awak'd ; nor with lefs dread the loud 
Ethereal trumpet from on high 'gan blow : 
At which command the powers militant, 
That irood for Heav'n in mighty quadrate join'd 
Of union irrefiftible, mov'd on 
In filence their bright legions, to the found 
Of ir.ftrumcntai harmony, that breath'd 
Heroic ardour to advent'rous deeds 
Under their goc-likc leaders, in the caufc 
Of God and his Median. On they move, 
Ind'iTolably firm ; nor obvious hill, 
Nor Itrak'ning vale, ror wood, nor ftream, divides 
Their";Ci rankj ; for high above the ground 
Their inarch was, and the paffive air upbore 
TIu:ir tread ; as when the total kind 
Of birds in orderly array on wing, 
Cunrr rummon'd ever Eden to receive 
Their names of thee ; fo over many a tract: 
Of Ileav'n they inurch'd, and many a province 


Tenfold the length of this terrene : at laft 
Fai in 1-h' horrizon to the Jsorth appear' d 
Fioru i'kiiT to fkirt a fiery region, flretch'd 
In battailous afpecl, and nearer view 
Bridled with upright beams innumerable 
Of rigid fpears, and helmets throng'd, andfnleids 
Various, with boaftful argument pcrtray'd, 
The banded powers of Satan hafting on 
With furious expedition ; for they weenM 
That felf-fame day by fight, or by furprife, 
To win the mount of God, and on his throne 
Tofet the I'.nvicr of his ftate, the proud 
Afpirer ; but their thoughts prov'd fond and vain 
!n the mid-way : though ftrange to us it feem'd 
At firfi, that Angel fhould with Angel war, 
And in fierce hofting meet, who wont to meet 
So oft in feftivals of joy and love 
Unanimous, as fons ot one great Sire 
Hymning th' eternal father : but the flior.t 
Of battle now began, and rufhing found 
Of onfet ended foon each milder thought. 
High in the mtdft, exalted as a god, 
Th' Apofkte in his fun-bright chariot fat, 
Idol of majefty divine, inclos'd 
With flaming cherubim and golden fhields ; 
Then lighted from his gorgeous throne, for now 
Twist hoft and hoft but narrow fpace was left, 
A dreadf\}> interval, and front to front 
Prefented- ftood in terrible array 
Of hideous length : before the cloudy van, 
On the rough edge of battle e'er it join'd, 
Satan with vaft and haughty ftrides advanced 
Came tow'ring, arm'd in adamant and gold ; 
Abdiel that fight endur'd not, where he ftood 
Among the mightiefl, bent on higheft deeds; 
And thus his own undaunted heart explores. 
O Heaven! that fuch refemblance of the 


Should yet remain, where faith and realty 
Remain not : wherefore ihould not ilrength and 

There fail where virtue fails, or weakeft prove 
Where boldeft, though to fight unconquerable ? 
His puiffance, trufting in th' Almighty's aid, 
I mean to try, whofe reafon I have try'd 
Unfound and fulfe ; nor is it ought but juft, 
That he who in debate of truth hath won 
Should win in arms, in both difputes alike 
Victor ; though brutifh that contefl and foul, 
When Reafon hath to deal with Force, yet fo 
Moft reafon is that Reafon overcome. 

So pondering, and from his armed peers 
Forth ftepping oppofite, half way he met 
His daring foe, at this prevention more 
Incens'd, and thus fecurely him defy'd. 

Proud, art thou met ? thy hope was to have- 


The height of thy afpiring unoppos'd, 
The throne of God unguarded, and his fide 
Abandon'd at the terror of thy power 
Or potent tongue ; fool, not to think how vain 
Againft th' Omnipotent to rife in arms ; 
Who out of fmaileft things could without end 
Have rais'd inceflant armies to defeat 
Thy folly ; or with folitary hand 
Reaching beyond all limit, at one blow, 
Unaided, could have fmifh'd thee, and whelm r d 
Thy legions under darknefs : but thou feeft 
All are not of thy train ; thsre be who faith 
Prefer, and piety to God, though then 
To thee not vifible, when I alone 
Seem'd in thy world erroneous to difTent 
From all : my fed thou feeft; now learn, too late,. 
How few fometimes may know, when thoufand* 


Whom the grand Foe, with fcornfu! eye afkance, 
Thus anfwer'd. Ill for thee, but in wifh'd hour 
Of my revenge, firil fought, for thou return'il 
From flight, feditious angel r to receive 
Thy merited reward, the firfl effay 
Of this right hand provok'd, fince firft that tongue 
Infpir'd with contradi&ion duril oppofe 
A third part of the gods, in fynod met 
Their deities to alien, who, while they feel 
Vigour divine within them, can allow 
Omnipotence to none. But well thou cona'ft 
Before thy fellows, ambitious to win 
From me fome plume, that thy fuccefs may 
DellriuSHon to the refl : this paufe between 
(Unanfwer'd left thou boaft) to let thee know; 
At firft I thought that Liberty and Heav'n 
To heav'nly fouls had bcrn all one ; but now 
I fee that moft through floth had rather ferve,. 
Minift'ring Spirits, train'd up in feaft and fong ; 
Such haft thou arm'd, the mini&relfy of Heav'n, 
Servility with Freedom to contend, 
As both their deeds compar'd this day {hall prove, 

To whom in brief thus Abdiel flern reply'd : 
Apoftate, flill thou err'ft, nor end wilt find 
Of erring, from the path of Truth remote : 
Unjuftly thou deprav'ft it with the name 
Of Servitude, to ferve whom God ordains, 
Or nature : God and nature bid the fame, 
When he who rules is worthieft, and excels 
Them whom he governs. This is fervitude. 
To ferve th' unwife, or him who hath rebell'41 

Boot PL 


Againft his worthier, as thine now ferve thee, 
Thyfelf not free, but to thyfelf inthrall'd ; 
Yet lewdly dar'ft our minift'ring upbraid. 
Reign thou in Hell, thy kingdom ; let me ferve 
In Heav'n, God ever bleft, and his divine 
Behcfts obey, worthieft to be obey'd ; 
Yet chains in Hell, not realms expect : mean while 
From me return'd, as erft thou faidft, from flight, 
This greeting on thy impious creft receive. 
So fay'ing, a noble ftroke he lifted high, 
Which hung not, but fo fwift with tempeft fell 
On the proud creft of Satan, that no fight, 
Nor motion of fwift thought, lefs could his fhield 
Such ruin intercept : ten paces huge 
He back recoil'd ; the tenth on bended knee 
His mafiy fpear upftray'd ; as if on earth 
Winds under ground, or waters forcing way, 
Sidelong had pufh'd a mountain from his feat 
Half funk with all his pines. Amazement feis'd 
The rebel thrones, but greater rage to fee 
Thus foil'd their mightkft : our joy fill'd, and 
Prefage of victory, and fierce defire [fhout, 

Of battle : whereat Michael bid found 
Th' arch-angel trumpet; through the vaft of 


It founded, and the faithful armies rung 
Hbfannah to the High'ft : nor flood at gaze 
The adverfe legions, nor lefs hideous join'd 
The horrid mock : now {terming fury rofe 
And clamours fuch as heard in Heav'n till now 
Was never ; arms on armour clafhing bray'd 
Horrible difcord, and the madding wheels 
Of brazen chariots rag'd ; dire was the noife 
Of conflict ; over head the difmal hifs 
Of fiery darts in flaming vollies flew, 
And flying vaulted either hoft with fire. 
So under fiery cope together rulh'd 
Both battles main, with ruinous afiault 
And inextinguifhable rage ; all Heav'n 
Refounded, and had Earth been then, all Earth 
Had to her centre fhook. What wonder ? when 
Millions of fire-encount'ring angels fought 
On either fide, the leaft of whom could wield 
Thefe elements, and arm him with the force 
Of all their regions : how much more of power 
Army againft army numberlefs to raife, 
Dreadful combuftion warring, and difturb, 
Though not deftroy, their happy native feat ; 
Had not th' eternal King omnipotent 
From his ftrong hold of Heav'n high over-rul'd, 
And limited their might ; though number'd fuch 
As each divided legion might have feem'd 
A numerous hoft, in ftrength each arm'd hand 
A legion, led in fight, yet leader feem'd 
Each warrior fingle as in chief, expert 
When to advance, or ftand, or turn the fway 
Of battle, open when, and when to clofe 
The ridges of grim War : no thought of flight, 
None of retreat, no unbecoming deed 
That argued fear ; each on himfelf rely'd, 
As only in his arm the moment lay 
Of victory ; deeds of eternal fame 
Were done, but infinite ; for wide Was fpfead 
That war, and various, lometimes on firm ground 
A {landing fight, then foaring on main wing 

Tormented all the air ; all air feem'd then 
Conflicting fire ; long time in even fcaie 
The battle hung ; till Satan, who that day 
Prodigious power had fhewn, and met in arms 
No equal, ranging through the dire attack 
Of fighting feraphim confus'd, at length 
Saw where the 1'word of Michael fmote, and fell'd 
Squadrons at once ; with huge two-handed fway 
Brandilh'd aloft the horrid edge came down 
Wide wafting ; fuch deftruclion to withfland 
He hafted, and oppos'd the rocky orb 
Of tenfold adamant, his ample fhield, 
A vaft circumference : at his approach 
The great arch-angel from his \varlike toil 
Surceas'd, and glad, as hoping here to end 
Inteftine war in Heav'n, th' Arch-foe fobdu'd 
Or captive dragg'd in chains, with hoftile frown 
And vifage all inflam'd firft thus began : 

Author of evil, unknown till thy revolt, 
Unnam'd in Heav'n, now plenteous, as thou feeft 
Thefe acts of hateful ftrife, hateful to all, 
Though heavieft by juft meafure on thyfelf 
And thy adherents : how haft thou diiturb'd 
Heav'n's bleffed peace, and into Nature brought 
Mifery, uncreated till the crime 
Of thy rebellion ? how haft thou inftill'd 
Thy malice into thoufands, once upright 
And faithful, now prov'd falfe ? but think not here 
To trouble holy reft ? Heav'n cafts thee out 
From all her confines. Heav'n, the feat of blifs, 
Brooks not the works of Violence artd War. 
Hence then, and evil go with thee along, 
Thy offspring, to the place of evil, Hell, 
Thou and thy wicked crew ; there mingle broils, 
E'er this avenging fword begin thy doom, 
Or fome more fudden vengeance, wing'd from God, 
Precipitate thee with augmented pain. 

So fpake the Prince of Angels ; to whom thus 
The adverfary. .Nor think thou with wind 
Of airy threats to awe whom yet with deeds 
Thou canft not. Haft thou turn'd the leaft of 
To flight, or if to fall, but that they rife [thefe 
Unvanquifh'd, eafier to tranfact with me 
That thou fhoud'ft hope, imperious, and with 


To. chafe me hence ? err not that fo fhall end 
The ftrife which thou call'ft Evil, but we ftile 
The Strife of Glorj? ; which we mean to win, 
Or turn this Heav'n itfelf into the Hell 
Thou fableft, here however to dwell free, 
If not to reign : mean while thy utmoft force^ 
And join him nam'd Almighty to thy aid, 
I fly not, but have fought thee far and nigh. 

They ended parle, and both addrefs'd for fight 
Unfpeakable ; for who, though with the tongue 
Of angels, can relate, or to what things 
Liken on earth confpicuous, that may lift 
Human imagination to fuch height 
Of godlike power ? for likeft gods they feem'd, 
Stood they or mov'd, in ftature, motion, arms ; 
Fit to decide the emp|jfc of great Heav'n. 
Now wav'd their fiery fwords, and. in the air 
Made horrid circles ; two broad funs their fhields 
Blaz'd oppofite, while Expectation flood 
In horror; frooreatfrhand with fpeed retir'd, 


''.There erflr was thirkefVn'ght, th' angelic throng, - 
And left large field, unfafe within the wind 
Of fuch commotion ; fuch as, to fet forth 
Great things, by fmall, if Nature's concord broke, 
Among the conftellations war were fprung, 
Two planets rufhing from afpect malign 
4>f fierceft oppofition in mid iky 
Should combat, and their jarring fplieres confound, 
Together both with next to almighty arm 
Tip-lifted imminent, one ftroke they aim'd 
That might determine, and not need repeat, 
As not of power at once ; nor odds appear'd 
In might or fwift prevention ; but the fword 
Of Michael, from the armoury of God, 
Was giv'n him tempered fo, that neither keen 
Nor folid might refift that edge : it met 
The fword of Satan with fteep force to finite 
Defcending, and in half cut fheer ; nor ftray'd, 
But with fwift wheel reverie, deep ent'ring, fbar'd 
All his right fide : then Satan firft new pain, 
And writh'd him to and fro convolv'd ; fo fore 
The griding fword with difcontinuous wound 
Pafs'd through him : but the ethereal fubfiance 
Not long diyifible ; and from the gafh [cloi'd, 
A ftream of ne&'rous humour iifuing flow'd 
Sanguine,- fuch as celeftial fpirits may bleed, 
Aad all his armour ftain'd e'er while fo bright, 
forthwith on all fides to his aid was run 
J>y angels many and flrong, who interpos'd 
Defence, while others bore him on their fhielcts 
Back to his chariot, where it ftood rctir'd 
From off the files of war ; there they him laid, 
Gnnfhing, for anguifli, and defpite and fhanic, 
To find hirnfelf not matchlefs, and his pride 
Humljed by fuch rebuke, fo far bencatii 
His confidence to equal God in power. 
Yet foon he heal'd ; for fp'rits that live throughout 
Vital in every part, not as frail man 
In entrails, heart or head, liver or reins, 
Cannot but by annihilating die ; 
Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound 
Receive, no more than, can the fluid air : 
All heart they live, all head, all eye, all ear, 
AH intellect, all fenfe ; and as they plcafe, 
They limb themfelves, and colour, fhape or fize 
A 'fume, as likes them beft ? condence or rare. 

Mean while in other parts like deeds deil-rv'd 
Memorial, where the might of Gabriel fought, 
And with fierce enfigns pierc T d the deep array 
Of Moloch, furious king ; who him defy'd, 
And at his chariot wheels to drag him bound 
Threaten'd, nor from the Holy One of Heav'n 
Refrain'd his tongue blafphemous : but anon 
Down clov'n to the wafte, with fhatter'd arms 
And uncouth pain fled bellowing. On each wing 
Uriel and Raphael his vaunting foe, 
Though buge, and in a rock of diamond arm'd, 
Vanquifh'd Adramejech and Afmadia, 
Two potent thrones,, that to be lefs than gods 
Difdain'd, but meaner thoughts learn'd in their 

' flight, . j, 

Mangled with ghaftly wounds through plate and 
Npr flood unmindful. Abdiel to annoy ., [mai>. 
The ancient crew, but with redoubled blow "" 
Ariel and. Arioeh, and the violence' 

LI a 

Of Ramiel fcorcu'd and Hailed overthrew. 
T might relate of thoufands, and their names 
Eternize here on earth ;; but thofe elecl 
Angels, contented with their fame in Heav'n,. 
Seek not. the praifc oj" men : tlie other fort, 
In might though, wxmdrous, and in acls of war, ; 
Nor of renown lefs eager, yet by doom 
Cancel'd from Heav'n and facrcd Memory, 
Namelefs in dark Oblivion let them dwell. 
For ftrrngth from truth divided, and from juft,, 
lllaudable, nought merits. but difpraife 
And ignominy, yet to glory afpires 
Vain-glorious, an ; d through infamy fecks fame :- 
Therefore eternal nlence be their doom. 

And now their mightiell queli'd, the battle; 


With many an inroad gor'd ; deformed Rout 
Enter'd, and foul diibrder ;.all the ground 
\Vith fliiver'd armour ftrown, and on a heap 
Chariot and charioteer lay overturn'd, 
And fiery foaming fteeds - r what ftood recoil'd 
O'er-wearied, through the faint Satanic hofc . .- 
Defenfive fcarce, or with pale Fear ftirpris'd, 
Then firit with fear furpi'io'd and fenf^ of pair*- 
Fled ignominious, to fuch evil brought 
13 y fin of difobediencc, till that hour 
Not liable to Fear, or flight, or pain. 
Far otherwise th' inviolable faints 
In cubi: phalanx firm advanc'd c'.itirc, 
Invulnerable, impenetrably arm'd ; 
Such high advantages their innocence 
Gave them above their foes ; not to have finu'd, 
Not to have diibbey'd ; in fight they ftood 
Unwearied, unobnoxious to be paiu'd. 
By wound, though from their place by violence 

No\v N.'glit her courfe organ, and over Heav'n. 
Inducing carknefs, grateful truce impoi'd, 
And fiience on tlie odious din of War : 
Under he? cloudy covert both rctir'd, 
Vic-tor and vanquiih'd : on % the fougliten flekr 
Michael and his angels prevalent 
Incanaping, plac'd in guard their watches round,. 
Cherubic waving fires . on th' other part 
Satan, with his rebellious difappear'd, 
Far in the dark diilodg'd- : and void cf reft, 
His Potentates to council calPd by na'ght ; 
And in the miail; thus undiikiay'd began : 

O now in clanger try'd, now known in arms 
Mot to be overpower T d, Companions dear, 
Found worthy not of liberty alone, 
Too mean presence, but what we more affect ,. 
Honour, dominion, glory and renown ; 
Who have fuftairi'd one day in doubtful fight 
(And if one day A why not eternal days ?) f \<^ 
What Heaven's Lord. h?,d powerfulleft. to fend" 
Againlt us freim aLput I-^s throne, and jucg'd 
mrficicnt to fub'due us. to. his will, 
)3ut" proves 'nQtToV then, fallible, it feems, '' 
Of future- we' in-ay deem him, though till now 
Omnifcieht thought. True is, lefs firmly arm'ct, 
Some difadvantage we endur d and pain, 
Till now not known, but known, as foon con.*- 

terhn'd ; 

Since now we find this our empyreal, form 



Incapable' of mortal injury, 
Imperifhable, and though pierc'd with wound, 
Soon clofing., and by native vigour heal'd. 
Of evil then fo finall as eafy think 
The remedy ^ perhaps more valid arms, 
Weapons more violent, when next we meet, 
May ferve to better us, and worfe our foes, 
Or equal what between us made the odds, 
In nature none : if other bidden caufe 
Left them fuperior, while we can preferve 
Unhurt our minds and underftanding found, 
Due fearch and confultation will difclofe. 

He fat ; and in th' affembly next upftood 
.Nifroch, of principalities the prime ; 
As one he ftood elcap'd from cruel fight, 
Sore toil, his riven arms to havoc hewn, 
And cloudy -in afpect thus anfw'ring (pake. 
Deliverer from new lords, leader to free 
Enjoyment of our right as gocU ; yet .hard 
For gods, and too unequal work we find, 
Againft unequal arms to fight in pain, 
Againll unpain'd, impaffive ; from which evil 
Ruin^mufl: needs enfue ; for what avails 
Valour or ftrcngthj though niatchlefs, queU'd;with 


Which all fubdues, and makes remifs the hands 
Of niightiell ? Senfe of pleafure we may well 
Spare out of life perhaps, and not repine, 
ut live content:, which is the calmeil life : 
But pain is perfeA mifery, the worft 
Of evils, and exccJive, overturns 
All patience. He who therefore can invent 
With what more forcible we may offend 
Our yet umvounded enemies, or arm 
Qurfelves with like defence, to me deferves 
No lefs than for deliverance what we owe. 

Whereto, with look compos'd, Satan reply'd. 
tfot uninvented that, which thou aright 
Beliey'fl fo main to our fuccefs, I bring. 
Which of us who beholds the bright furfacc 
Of this ethereous mould whereon we frand, 
This continent of fpacious Heav'n, adorned 
With j>laut, fruit, flow'r, ambrofial gems and 
Whofe eye fo fuperficially furveys [ft n ld > 

Thefe things, as not to mind from whence they 


Deep under ground, materials dark and crude, 
Of Ipiritous and fiery fpume, till touch'd 
With Heav'n's ray, and tcmpcr'd, they fhoot 
80 beauteous, op'riing to the ambient light ? [forth 
Thefe, in their dafk nativity, the deep 
Shall yield us, pregnant with infernal flame ; 
Which into hollow engines 'long and round 
Thick ramm'd at th' other bore with touch of fire 
Dilated and infuriate, mail fend forth 
From far with thundering noife among our foes 
Such implements of mifchief, as lhall dalh 
To pieces, and o'erwhelm whatever ftands 
Adverfe, that they fhall fear we have difarm'd 
The thund'rer of his only dreaded bolt. 
Nor long fhall be our labour ; yet e'er dawn, 
Effect fhall end our wifh. Mean while revive ; 
Abandon feaj ; to ftrength and counfel join'd 
Think nothing hard, much lefs to be defpair'd. 
He ended ; and his words their drooping cheer 

Inlighten'd, and their languifh'd hope reviv'd. 
Th' invention all admir'd, and each, how he 
To be th' inventor mifs'd ; fo eafy' it feem'd 
Once found, which yet unfound, moft would have 
Impoflible .: yet haply of thy race [thought 

In future days, if malice fhould abound, 
Some one intent on mifchief, or infpir'd 
With devilifh machination, might devife 
Like inftrument to plague the fons of men 
For Tin, on war and mutual (laughter bent. 
Forthwith from council to the work they flew; 
None arguing ftood : innumerable hands 
Were ready ; in a moment up they turn'd 
Wide the celefiial foil, and faw beneath 
Th' originals of Nature, in their crude 
Conceptions ; fulphurous and nitrous foam 
They fourrd, they mingled ; and, with fubtile art. 
Concocted and adufted, they reduc'd 
The blacked grain, and into (tore convey'd : 
Part hidden veins digg'd up (nor hath this earth 
Entrails unlike) of mineral and ftone, 
Whereof to found their engines and their balls 
Of inhTive ruin ; part incentive reed 
Provide, pernicious with one touch to fire. 
So all e'er day-fpring, under confcious Night, 
Secret they finifh'd, and in order fet, 
With filent circumfpection, unefpy'd. 

Now, when fair morn orient in Heav'n appear'd, 
Up rofc the victor Angels, and to arms 
The matin trumpet fung : in arms they flood 
Of golden pancply, refulgent hoft, 
Soon banded ; others from the dawning hills 
Lcok'd round, and fcouts each coaft light-armed 


Each quarter, to defrry the diPcant foe. 
Where lodg'd, or whither fled, or if for fight, 
In motion or in halt : him foon they met, 
Under Ipread enfigns, moving nigh, in flow, 
But firm battalion ; back with fpeedieft fail 
Zophiel, of Cherubim the fwiftefb wing, 
Came fly'ng, and, in mid air, aloud thus cry'd : 
Arm, Warriors, arm for fight ; the foe at ' 


Whom fled we thought, will fave us long purfuit 
This day ; fear not his flight; fo thick a cloud 
He comes, and fettled in his face I fee 
Sad reiblution, and fecure : let each 
His adamantine coat girt well, and each 
Fit well his helm, gripe faft Iris orbed fhield, 
Borne ev'n or high ; for this day will pour down, 
If I conjecture ought, no drizzling fhower, 
But rattling ftorrn of arrows barb'd with fire. 

So warn'd he them, aware themfelves, and foon 
In order, quit of all impediment ; 
Inftant, without difturb, they took alarm, 
And onward mov'd embattePd ; when, behold 
Not diftant far, with heavy pace, the foe 
Approaching grofs and huge, in hollow cube, 
Training his deviKfh. engin'ry, impal'd 
On every fide with ihadowing fquadrons deep, 
To hide the fraud. At interview both ftood 
A while ; but fuddenly at head appear'd 
Satan ; and thus was heard commanding loud : 

Vanguard, to right and left, the front unfold? 
That all may. fee who hate us, how we feek 




Peace and compofure, and, with open breaft, 
Stand ready to receive them, if they like 
Our overture, and turn not back perverfe ; 
But that I doubt ; however, witnefs Heav'n, 
Heav'n, v/itnefs thou anon, while we difcharge 
Freely our part ; ye who appointed, ftand, 
Do as you have in charge, and briefly touch 
What we propound, and loud, that all may hear. 

So fcpffing, in ambiguous words, he fcarce 
Had ended ; when, to right and left, the front 
Divided, and to either flank retir'd : 
WJ-ich to our eyes difcover'd, new and ftrange, 
A triple mounted row of pillars laid 
On wheels (for like to pillars moft they feem'd, 
Or hollow'd bodies made of oak or fir, 
With branches lopt in v/ood or mountain fell'd) 
Br^ifs, iron, ftony mould, had not their mouths, 

ith hideous orifice, gap'd on us wide, 
Portending hollow truce : at each behind 
A Seraph ftoocl, and in his hand a reed 
Stood waving, tipt -with fire ; while we fufpenfe 
Collected ftood, within our thoughts amus'd, 
Not long ; for fudden ail at once their reeds 
Put forth, and to a narrow vent apply'd, 
With niceft touch. Immediate in a flame, 
But foon obfcur ? d with fmoke, all Heav'n appear'd, 
From thofe deep-throated epgines belch'd, whofe 

Imbowel'd with outrageous noife the air ; 

nd all her entrails tore, difgorging foul 
Their devililh glut, chain'd thunderbolts and hail 
Of iron globes ; which on the victor hoft 
Level'u w;th fuch, impetuous fury fmote, 
That whom th'ey hit, none on their feet might 


Yho' {landing elfe as rocks, but down they fell 
By thousands, angel on arch-angel rolled ; 
The fponer for their arms ; unarm -d they might 
Have eafily as Sp'rks evaded fwift 
By quick contraction, or remove ; but now 
Foul diffipation follovv'd, and for.c'd rout ; 
Nor ferv d it to relax their ferried files. 
What mould they do ? If on they rufh'd, repulfe 
Repeated, and indecent overthrow 
Doubled, would render them yet more defpis'd, 
And to their foes a laughter ; for in view 
Stood ranW of feraphim another row, 
In pofture to difplcde their feeond tire' 
Of thunder ; back defeated to return 
7 hey worfe abhor'd. Satan beheld their plight, 
And to his mates thus in derifion call'd. 

^O Friends, why come not on thefe vi&qrs proud? 
E'er while they fierce were coming; and when we 
To entertain them fair with open front [terms 
And brcaft (what could we more ?) propounded 
Of comppfition, ftraight they changed their minds, 
Flew off, and into ftrange vagaries fell, 
As they would dance ;'yet for a dance they feem'd 
Somewhat extravagant and wild, perhaps 
For joy of oife'r'd peace ; but I fuppcfe, 
If our proposals once again were heard, 
We ihould compel thesa to a quick reiult. 

To whom thus Belial in like gamefome mood. 
Leader, the terms wefent were terms of weight, 
. Of hard contents, and full of force urg'd home, 

Boot ir. 

Such as we might perceive amus'd them all, 
And ftumbPd many ; who receives them right, 
Had need from head to foot well understand j 
Not underftood, this gift they have befides, 
They fhew us when our foes walk not upright. 

So they among themfelves, in pleafant vein, 
Stood fcoffing, heightened in their thoughts be- 
All doubt of victory ; Eternal might 
To match with their inventions they prefum'd 
So eafy', and of his thunder made a fcorn, 
And all his hoft derided, while they ftood 
A while in trouble ; but they ftood not long ; 
Rage prompted them at length, and found them 


Againft fuch hellifh mifchief fit t' oppofe. 
Forthwith (behold the excellence, the power, 
Which God hath in his mighty angels plac'd) 
Their arms away they threw, and to the hills 
(For Earth hath this variety from Heav'n, 
Of pieafure fituate in hill and dale) [flew } 

Light as the lightning glirnpfe they ran, they 
From their foundations loos'ning to and fro, 
They pluck'd the feated hills, with all their load, 
Rocks, waters, woods, and, by the fhaggy tops, 
Uplifting bore them in their hands : amaze, 
Be fure, and terror feiz'd the rebel hoft, 
When coming towards them fo dread they faw 
The bottom of the mountains upward turn'd ; 
Till on thofe curfed engines' triple row 
They faw them whelm'd, and all their confidence 
Under the weight of mountains buried deep ; 
Themfelves invaded next, and on their heads 
Main promontories flung, which in the air 
Came fhadowing, and opprefs'd whole legions 

arm'd ; 
Their armour help'd their harm, crufh'd in and 


Into their fubftance pent, which wrought them 
Implacable, and many a dolorous groan, [pain 
Long ftruggling underneath, e'er they could wind 
Out of fuch pris'n, {ho 5 Sp'rits of pureft light, 
Pureft at firft, now grofs by finning grown. ' 
The reft in imitation to like arms 
Betook them, and the neighb'ring hills uptore j 
So hills, amid the air, encounter'd hills, 
Hurl'd to and fro with jaculation dire, 
That under ground they fought in difmal fhade ; 
Infernal noife ; war feem'd a civil game 
To this uproar; horrid confufion heap'd 
Upon confufion rofe : and new all Heav'n 
Had gone to wrack, with ruin overfpread, 
Had not th' Almighty Father, where he fits 
Shrin'd in his fanctuary of Heav'n fecure, 
Confulting on the fum of things, forefeen 
This tumult, and permitted all, advis'd : 
That his great purpofe he might fo fulfil, 
To honour his anointed Son aveng'd 
Upon his enemies, and to declare 
All power pn him transferr'd ; whence to his Son t 
Th' afleffor of his throne, he thus began : 

Effulgence of my glory, Son belov'd, 
Son, in whofe face invifible is beheld 
Vifibly, what by deity I am, 
And in whofe hand what by decree I do, 
Sscond Omnipotence, two days are paft^ 


Two days, as we compute the days of Heav'n, 
Since Michael and his powers went forth to 


Thefe difobedient : fore had been their fight, 
As likelieft was, when two fuch foes met arm'd ; 
For to themfelves I left them, and thou know'ft, 
Equal in their creation they were form'd, 
Save what fin hath impair'd, which yet hath 


Infenfibly ; for I fufpend their doom ; 
Whence in perpetual fight they needs muft laft 
tndlefs, and no folution will be found : 
War wearied hath perform'd what War can do, 
And to diforder'd rage let loofe the reins, 
With mountains, as with weapons arm'd, which 


Wild work in Heav'n, and dang'rous to the main. 
Two days are therefore paft ; the third is thine j 
For thee I have ordain'd it, and thus far 
Have fuffer'd, that the glory may be thine 
Of ending this great war, fince none but thou 
Can end it. Into thee fuch virtue and grace 
Immenfe 1 have transfus'd, that all may know 
In Heav'n and Hell thy power above compare ; 
And this perverfe commotion govern'd thus, 
To manifeft thee worthieft to be Heir 
Of all tilings, to be Heir and to be King 
By facred undion, thy deferved right. 
Go then, thou Mighteft, in thy Father's might, 
Afcend my chariot, guide the rapid wheels 
That fhake Heav'n's ban's, bring forth all my war, 
My bow and thunder, my Almighty arms 
Gird on, and fword, upon thy puifiant thigh ; 
Purfue thefe fons of Darknefs, drive them out 
From all Heav'n's bounds into th; utter deep : 
There let them learn, as likes them, to defpife 
God, and Mefiiah, his anointed King. 

He faid ; and on his Son with rays direct 
Shone full ; he all his Father full exprefs'd 
Ineffably into his face receiv'd ; 
And thus the filial Godhead anfw'ring fpake : 
O Father, O Supreme of heav'nly thrones 
Firft, Higheft, Holieft, Beft, thou always ieek'ft 
To glorify thy ion, I always thee, 
As is molt juft ; this I my glory' account, 
My exultation, and my whole delight, 
That thou in me well pleas' d, deciar'ft thy will 
Fulfilled, which to fulfill is all my blifs. 
Sceptre and power, thy giving, I aflame, 
And gladlier ihall rcfign, when, in the end, 
Thou fhalt be all in all, and I in thee 
j For ever, and in me all whom thou lov'ft : 
i But whom thou hat'ir, I hate and can put on 
Thy terrors, as I put thy mildnefs on, 
Image of tlu-e in all things ; and Ihall foon, 
Arm d with thy might, rid Heav'u of thefe re- 


To their prepar'd ill manuY.n driven down, 
To chains of darknefs, and th"' undying worm, 
That frcrn thy juft obedience could revolt, 
Whom to obey is happineis entire. [pure 

Then fh.ill thy fuints unmix'd, and from th' i:a- 
Far fepamte, circling thy holy Mount 
pnfcign'd halleluiah's to thte ling, 
Hymns of hi.h praifc, and 1 among them chief. 

So faid, he o'er his fccptre bowing, rofe 
From the right hand of Glory where he fat ; 
And the third facred morn began to fhine, 
Dawning through Heav'n : forth rufh'd with 

whirlwind found 

The chariot of paternal Deity, [drawn, 

Flafhing thick flames, wheel within wheel un- 
Itfelf inftinct with fpirit, but convey'd 
By four cherubic fhapes ; four faces each 
Had wond'rous ; as with ftars their bodies all 
And wings were fet with eyes, with eyes the 
Of beril, and careering fires between ; [wheels 
Over their heads a cryftal firmament, 
Whereon a faphire throne, inlaid with pure 
Amber, and colours of the fhow'ry arch. 
He in celeftial panoply all arm'd 
Of radiant Urim, work divinely wrought, 
Afccnded ; at his right hand Victory 
Sat eagle-wing'd ; befide him hung his bow 
And quiver, with three-bolted thunder ftor'd, 
And from about him fierce effufion roll'd 
Of fmoke, and bickering flame, and fparklcs dire : 
Attended with ten thoufand theufar.d faints, 
He onward came, far off' his coming {hone ; 
And twenty thoufand (I their number heard) 
Chariots of God, half on each hand were feen '. 
He on the wings of Cherub rede fublinie 
On the cryfralline fky, in faphire thron'd, 
llluftrious far and wide, but by his own 
Firft feen ; them unexpected joy furpris'd, 
When the great engine of Mefiiah b'az'd 
Aloft by angels borne, his fign in Heav'n ; 
Under whofe conduct Michael foon reduc'd 
His army, circumfus'd on either wing, 
Under their head imbodied all in one. 
Before him Power divine his way prepar'd ; 
At his command th' uprooted hills retir'd 
Each to his place ; they heard his voice, and went 
Obfequious ; Heav'n his wonted face renew'd, 
And with frefh flow'rets hill and valley fmil'd. 
This faw his haplefs foes, but ftood obdur d, 
And to rebellious- fight rallied their powers 
Infeniate, hope conceiving from defpair. 
In heav'nly fp'rits could fuch perverfenefs dwell ? 
Eut to convince the proud what figns avail, 
Or wonders move th' obdurate to relent, 
They harden'd more by what might mofl reclaim, 
Grieving to fee his glory, at the fight 
Took envy ; and afpiring to his height, 
Stood reimbattl'd fierce, by force or fraud 
Weening to profper, and at length prevail 
Againft God and Meffuh, or to fall 
In univerfal ruin laft ; and now 
To final battle drew, difdaining flight, 
Or faint retreat : when the great Son of God 
To all his hoft on either hand thus fpake : 

Stand full in bright aJrray, ye Saints, here flan4 
Yc angels arm'd, this day from battle reft ; 
Faithful hath been your warfare, and of God 
Accepted, fearlefs in his righteous ca fe ; 
And a ye have received, fo have ye done 
Invincibly ; but of this curled crew 
The punifliment to other hand belongs; 
Vengeance is his, or whofe he folc appoints: 
Number tc this day'* work is not ordain'd, 

D ii'j 


Nor multitude ; ftand only and behold 
God's indignation on thefe godlefs pour'd 
By me ; not you but me they have dcfpis'd, 
Yet envied ; againft me is all their rage, 
Becaufe the Father, to' whom in Heav'n fupreme 
Kingdom and power, and glory appertains, 
Hath honour'd me according to his will. 
Therefore to me their doom he hath aflign'd ; 
That they may have their wifh, to try with me 
In battle which the ftronger proves, they all, 
Or I alone againft them, lince by ilrengch 
They meafure all, of other excellence 
3STot emulous, nor care who them excells ; 
Nor other ftrife with them do I vouchiafe. 

Ho fpake the Son, and into terror chang'd 
His count'nance too fevere to be beheld, 
And full of wrath bent on his enemies. 
At once the Four fpread out their ftarry wings 
With dreadful fhape contiguous, and the orbs 
Of his fierce chariot roll'd, as with the found 
Of torrent floods, or of a numerous hoft. 
He on his impious foes right onward drove, 
Gloomy as night ; under his burning wheels 
The ftedfaft empyrean fhook throughout, 
All but the throne itfelf of God. Full foon 
Among them he arriv'd, in his right hand 
Grafping ten thoufand thunders, which he fent 
Before him, fuch us in their fouls infix' d 
Plagues ; they aftonifhed all refiftance loft, 
All courage ; down their idol weapons dropt ; 
O'er fhields and helms and helmed heads he rode, 
Of thrones and mighty feruphim proftrate, 
That wifh'd the mountains now might be again 
Thrown on them as a {belter from his ire. 
Nor lefs on cither fide tempeftucus fell 
His arrows from the four-fold viiag'd Four 
Diftinct with eyes, and from the living wheels 
Diftincl: alike with multitude of eyes ; 
'One fpirit in them rul'd, and every eye 
Glar'd light'ning, and {hot forth pernicious fire 
Among th' accurs'd, that wither' d all their ftrengtb. 
And of their wonted vigour left them drain'd, 
Exhaufted, fpiritlefs, affiided, fall'ii. 
Yet half his ftrength he put not forth, but check'd 
His thunder in mid volly ; for he meant 
Not to deftroy, but root them out of Hcav'n : 
The overthrown he rats'd, and as a herd 
Of goats or timorous flock together throng'd, 
Drove them before him thunder.-ftruck, purfued 
With terrors and with furies to the bounds 
And chryftal wall of Heav'n, which opening wide, 
Roll'd inward, and a fpacious gap difclos'd 
Into the wafteful Deep ; the monftrous fight 


Struck them with horror backward, btit far worfe 
Urg'd them behind ; headlong themfelves .they 


Down from the verge of Heav'n ; -eternal Wrath".' 
Burnt after them to the bottoralefs pit. . 

Hell heard th' unfufferable noife ; Hell fa\v t 
Heav'n nuningirom Heav'n, and would:have fleet 
Affrighted ; but firicl: Fate had caft too deep 
Her dark foundations, and too faft had bound. 
Nine days they fell ; confounded Chaos roar'd, ^ 
And felt tenfold confufion in their fall 
Through his wild anarchy, fo huge a rout 
Incumber'd him with ruin : Hell at laft > 
Yawning received them whole, and on them clos'd; 
Hell their fit habitation, fraught with fire 
Unquenchable, the houie of woe and pain; 
Diibyrden'd Heav'n rejoic'd, and foon repair'd 
Her mural breach, returning whence it roll'd. 
Sole vidlor from th' expuliion of his foes 
Meftiah his triumphal chariot turn'd ; 
To meet him all his faints, who filent Hood 
Kye witneffes of his almighty acls, 
With jubilee advanc'd ; and as they went, 
Shaded with branching palm, each order bright, 
Sung triumph, and him fung victorious King, 
Son, Heir, and Lord, to him dominion given, 
Worthieft to reign : he celebrated rode 
Triumphant through mid Heav'n, into the courts 
And temple of his mighty Father thron'd 
On nigh ; who into glory him receiv'd, 
Where now he fits at the right hand of Blifs. 
Thus meafuriiig things in Heav n by things on 


At thy requeft, and that thou mayft beware 
By what is paft, to thee I have reveai'd 
What might have elfe to human race been hid ; 
The difcord which befel, and war in Heav'n 
Among th' angelic powers, and the deep fail 
Of thole too high aipiring, who rebell'd 
With Satan ; he who envies now thy ftate, 
Who now is plotting hpw he may feduce 
Thee alfo from obedience, that with him 
Bercav'd of happinefs thou mayft partake 
His punifhment, eternal mifery ; 
Which would be all his folace and revenge, 
As a defpite done againft the Moil High, 
Thee once to gain companion of his woe. 
But iiften not to his temptations ; warn 
Thy weaker ; let it profit thee to' have heard 
By terrible example the reward 
Of difobedience ; firm they might have ftood a 
Yet fell ; remember, and fear to tranfgref.s. 




Raphael, a*, the requeft of Adam, relates how and wherefore this tvorld was firft created ; that God, 
after the expelling of Satan and his angels out of Heav'n, declared his pleafure to create another 
world and other creatures to dwell therein ; fends his fon with glory and attendance of angels, to 
perform the work of creation in fix days : the angels celebrate with hymns the performance thereof, 
and his re-afcenfion into Heaven. 

^DESCEND from Heav'n, Urania, by that name 

If rightly thou art call'd, whole voice divine 

following, above th' Olympian hill I foar, 

Above the flight of Pagafean wing. 

The meaning, not the name, I call : for thou, 

Nor of the Mufes nine, nor on the top 

Of old Olympus dwell'ft, but heav'nly born, 

Before the hills appear'd, or fountain flow'd, 

Thou with eternal wifdom dulft converfe, 

Wifdom thy fifter, and with her didft play 

In prefence of th' almighty Father, pleas'd 

With thy celeftial fong. Up led by thee 

Into the Heav'n of Heav'ns, I have prefum'd, 

An earthly gucft, and drawn empyreal air, 

Thy temp'ring ; with like fafety guided down 

Return me to my native element : 

Left from this flying fteed unrein'd, (as once 

Bellcrophon, tho' from a lower clime) 

Difmounted, on th' Aleian field I fall 

Erroneous there to wander and forlorn. 

Half yet remains unfung, but narrower bound 

Within the vifible diurnal fphere ; 

Standing on earth, not rapt above the pole 

Mor.e fafe I fing with mortal voice, unchang'd 

To hoarfe or mute, tho' fall'n on evil days, 

On evil days tho' fall'n, and evil tongues ; 

In darknefs, and with dangers compals'd round, 

And folitude ; yet not alone, while thou 

Vifit'ft my {lumbers nightly, or when Morn 

Purples the eaft : dill govern thou my fong, 

Urania, and fit audience find, tho' few, 

But drive far off the barbarous diffonance 

Of Bacchus and his revellers, the race 

Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard 

In Rhodope, -where woods and rocks had ears 

To rapture, till the favage clamour drown'd 
Both harp and voice ; nor could the Mufe defend 
Her fon. So fail not thou, who thee implores : 
For thou art heavenly, me an empty dream. 

Say, Goddefs, what enfued, when Raphael, 
The affable Arch-angel, had forewarn'd 
Adam, by dire example, to beware 
Apoftacy, by what befel in Heav'n 
To thefe apoftates, left the like befal 
In Paradife, to Adam or his race, 
Charg'd not to touch the interdicted tree, 
If they tranfgrefs, and flight that fole command, 
So eafily obey'd amid the choice 
Of all taftes elfe to pleafe their appetite, 
Tho' wand'ring. He, with his conlbrted Eve, 
The ftory heard attentive, and was fill'd 
With admiration, and deep mufe, to hear 
Of things fo high and ftrange, things to their 
So unimaginable as hate in Heav'n, [thought 
And war fo near the peace of God in blifs 
With fnch confufion : but the evil foon, 
Driv'n back, redounded as a flood on thofe 
From whom it fprungy impoflible to mix 
With bleffednefs. Whence Adam foon repeal'd ' 
The doubts that in his heart arofe : and now 
Led on, yet finlefs, with defire to know 
What nearer might concern him, how this world ; 
Of Heav'n and Earth confpicuous firft began, 
When, and whereof created, for what caufe, 
What within Eden or without was done 
Before his memory, as one whofe drouth 
Yet fcarce allay'd, ftill eyes the current ftream, .' 
Whofe liquid murmur heard new thirft excites, 
Proceeded thus to aflc his heav'nly gueft : 

Great things, and full of wonder in our ears, 

Far differing From this world, theu haft reveal'd, 

Divine interpreter, by favour fent 

Pown from the empyrean, to forewarn 

Us timely' of what might elfe have been our lofs, 

Unknown, which human knowledge could not 

reach : 

For which to th' infinitely Good we owe 
Immortal thanks, and his admonifhment 
Receive with folemn purpofe, to obferve 
Immutably his fov'reign will, the end 
Of what we are. But fince thou haft vouchfaf 'd 
Gently for our inftruction to impart [cern'd 

Things above earthly thought, which yet con- 
Our knowing, as to higheft Wifdom feem'd, 
Deign to defcend now lower, and relate 
What may no lefs perhaps avail us known, 
How firft began this Heaven which we behold 
Diftant fo high, with moving fires adorn'd 
Innumerable, and this which yields or fills 
All fpace, the ambient air wide interfus'd 
JEmbracing round this florid earth, what caufe 
Mov'd the Creator in his holy reft 
Through all eternity fo late to build 
In Chaos, and the work begun, how fcon 
Abfolv'd, if unforbid thou may'ft unfold 
What we, not to explore the fecrets afk 
Of his eternal empire, but the more 
To magnify his works, the more we know. 
And the great Light of day yet wants to run 
Much of his race tho' fteep ; fufpenfe in Heav'n, 
Held by thy voice, thy potent voice, he hears, 
And longer will delay to hear thee tell 
His generation, and the rifmg birth 
Of Nature from the unapparent Deep : 
Or if the ftar of evening and the moon 
Hafte to thy audience, Night with her will bring 
Silence, and Sleep lift'ning to thee will watch, 
Or we can bid his abfence, till thy fong 
End, and difmifs thee e'er the morning fhine. 

Thus Adam his illuftrious gueft befought : 
And thus the godlike Angel anfwer'd mild. 
This alfo thy requeft, with caution afk'd, 
Obtain : tho' to recount Almighty woi'ks 
"What words or tongue of Seraph can fuffice, 
Or heart of man fuffice to comprehend ? 
Yet what thou canft attain, which beft may ferve 
To glorify the Maker, and infer 
Thee alfo happier, fhall not be with-held 
Thy hearing, fuch commiffion from above 
J have receiv'd, to anfwer thy defire 
Of knowledge within bounds ; beyond abftain 
To afk ; nor let thine own inventions hope 
Things not reveal'd, which th' invifible King, 
Only omnifcient, hath fupprefs'd in night, 
To none communicable in Earth or Heav'n 5 
Enough is left be fides to fearch and know. 
But knowledge is as food, and needs no lefs 
Her temp'rance over appetite, to know 
In meafure what the mind may well contain ; 
Oppreffes elfe with furfeit, and foon turns 
Wifdom to folly', as nourifhment to wind. + 

Know, then, that after Lucifer from Heav'n 
(So call him, brighter once amidft the hoft 
Of Angels than that ftar the ftars among) 
Fell with his flaming legions through the deep 


Into his place, and the great Son return'd 
Victorious with his Saints, th' Omnipotent 
Eternal Father from his throne beheld 
Their multitude, and to his Son thus fpake : 

At leaft our envious foe hath fail'd,who thought 
All like himfelf rebellious, by whofe aid 
This inacceffible high ftrength, the feat 
Of Deity Supreme, us difpoflefs'd, 
He trufted to have feiz'd, and into fraud 
Drew many, whom their place knows here no 
Yet far the greater part have kept, I fee, [more 
Their ftation, Heav'n yet populous retains 
Number fufficient to poflefs her realms, 
Tho' wide, and this high temple to frequent 
With minifteries due and folemn rites : 
But left his heart exalt him in the harm 
Already done, to have difpeopled Heav'n, 
My damage fondly deem'd, I can repair 
That detriment, if fuch it be to lofe 
Self-loft, and in a moment will create 
Another world, out of one man a race 
Of men innumerable, there to dwell, 
Not here, till by degrees of merit rais'd 
They open to themfelves at length the way 
Up hither, under long obedience try'd, 
And Earth be chang'd to Heav'n, and Heav'n 

to Earth, 

One kingdom, joy and union without end. 
Meanwhile inhabit lax, ye Pw'rs of Hcav'n, 
And thou my word, begotten Son, by thee 

This I perform, fpeak thou, and be it done : 
My overfhadowing Sp'rit and might with thee 
I fend along ; ride forth, and bid the Deep 
Within appointed bounds be Heav'n and Earth, 
Boundlefs the Deep, becaufe I am who fill 
Infinitude, nor vacuous the fpace. 
Tho' I uncircumfcrib'd myfelf retire, 
And pat not forth my goodnefs, which is free 
To act or not, Neceflity and Chance 
Approach not me, and what 1 will is fate. 

So fpake th' Almighty ; and to what he fpake 
His Word, the filial Godhead, gave effect 
Immediate are the acts of God, more fwift 
Than time or motion, but to human ears 
Cannot without procefs of time be told, 
So told as earthly notion can receive. 
Great triumph and rejoicing was in Heav'n, 
When fuch was heard declar'd, th* Almighty's 


Glory they fung to the Moft High, good will 
To future men, and in their dwellings peace : 
Glory to him, whofe juft avenging ire 
Had driv'n out th' ungodly from his fight, 
And th' habitations of the juft ; to him 
Glory and praife, whofe wifdom hath ordain'4 
Good cut of evil to create, inftead 
Of Sp'rits malign a better race to bring 
Into their vacant room, and thence clirfufe 
His good to worlds and ages infinite. 

So fang the Hierarchies : meanwhile the Son 
On his great expedition now a:ppear'd, 
Girt with Omnipotence, with radiance crown'd 
Of majefty divine ; fapience and love 
Imrnenfe, and all his Father in him fhone. 
About his chariot numberlefs were pour'd 


Cherub and Seraph, Potentates and thrones, 
And Virtues, wing'd Sp'rits, and chariots wing'd 
From th' armoury of God, where ftand of old 
Myriads between two brazen mountains lodg'd 
Againft a f'olemn day, harnefs'd at hand, 
Celeftial equipage ; and now came forth 
Spontaneous ; for within them fpirit liv'd, 
Attendant on their Lord : Heav n open'd wide 
Her ever-during gates, harmonious found 
On golden hinges moving, to let forth 
The King of Glory in his powerful Word 
And Spirit coming to create new worlds. 
On heav'nly ground they ftood, and from the fhore 
They view'd the vaft immeafurable abyfs, 
Outrageous :is a fea, dark, wafteful, wild, 
Up from the bottom turn'd by furious winds 
And furging waves, as mountains, to aflault 
Heav'n's height, and with the centre mix the pole, 

Silence, ye troubled Waves, and thou Deep, 


Said then th' omnifac Word ; your difcord end : 
Nor ftay'd, but on the wings of Cherubim 
Uplifted, in paternal glory rode 
Far into Chaos, and the world unborn ; 
for Chaos heard his voice : him all his train 
Follow'd in bright proceflion to behold 
Creation, and the wonders of his might. 
Then ftay'd the fervid wheels, and in his hand 
lie took the golden compaffes, prepar'd 
In God's eternal ftore, to circumfcribe 
This univerle, and all created things ; 
One foot he center'd, and the other turn'd 
Round through the vaft profundity obfcure, 
And laid, Thus far extend, thus far thy bounds, 
This be thy juft circumference, O World. 
Thus God the Heav'n created, thus the Earth, 
Matter unform'd and void : darknefs profound 
Cover' d th' abyfs : but on the wat'ry calm 
His brooding wings the Sp'rit of God outfpread, 
And vital virtue' infus'd, and vital warmth 
Throughout the fluid rrlafs, but downward purg'd 
The black tartareous cold infernal dregs 
Adverfe to life : then founded and conglob'd 
Like things to like, the reft to feveral place 
pifparted, and between fpun out the air, 
And Earth, feif-balanc'd, on her centre hung. 

Let there be Light, faid God, and forthwith 
Ethereal, firft of things, quinteffence pure, [Light 
Sprung from the deep, and from her native Eaft 
TO journey through the airy gloom began, 
JJpher'd in a radiant cloud ; for yet the lua 
Was not ; flic in a cloudy tabernacle 
Sojourn'd the while; Godfaw the light was good ; 
And light from darknefs by the hemifphere 
Divided : light the Day, and darknefs Night 
jle narn'd. Thus was the firft day Ev'n and 
Kor paft uncelebrated, nor uniting [morn : 

JJy the celeftial quires, when Orient light 
Exhaling firft from darknefs, they beheld ; 
Birth-day of Heav'n and Earth; with joy and 


The hollow univerfal orb that fill'd, fprais'd 

And touch'd their golden harps, and hymning 
God and his works, Creator, him they fung, 
Both when firft evening was, and \yhea firft morn. 

LOST. 51 

Again, God faid, Let there be -firmament 
Amid the waters, and let it divide 
The waters from the waters : and God made 
The firmament, expanfe of liquid, pure, 
Tranfparent, elemental air, diffused 
In circuit to the uttermoft convex 
Of this great ground : partition firm and fure, 
The waters underneath from thofe above 
Dividing : for as Earth, fo he the world 
Built on circumfluous waters calm, in wide 
Chriftaliin ocean, and the loud mifrule 
Of Chaos far remov'd, left fierce extremes 
Contiguous might di. temper the whole frame : 
And Heav'n he nam'd the Firmament : fo even 
And morning chorus fung the fecond day. 

The earth was form'd ; but in the womb as yet 
Of waters, embryon immature involv'd, 
Appear'd not : over all the face of Earth 
Main ocean flow'd, not idle, but with warm 
Prolific humour foft'ning all her globe, 
Fermented the great mother to conceive, 
Satiate with genial moifture, when God faid, 
Be gather'd now, ye waters under Heav'n, 
Into one place, and let dry land appear. 
Immediately the mountains huge appear 
Emergent, and their broad bare backs upheave 
Into the clouds, their tops afcend the iky : 
So high as heav'd the timid hills, fo low 
Down funk a hollow bottom, broad and deep, 
Capacious bed of waters : thither they 
Hafted with glad precipitance, uproll'd 
As drops on duft conglobing from the dry ; 
Part rife in cryftal wall, or ridge direct, 
For haftc; fuch flight the great command iroprefs'd 
On the fwift floods : as armies at the call 
Of trumpet (for of armies thou haft heard) 
Troop to their ftandard, fo the wat'ry throng, 
Wave rolling after wave, where way they found, 
If fteep with torrent rapture, if through plain, 
Soft-ebbing ; nor withftood them rock or hill, 
But they, or under ground, or circuit wide 
With lerpent error wand'ring, found their way, 
And on the walhy oofe deep channels wore ; 
Eafy, e'er God had bid the ground be dry, 
All but within thofe banks, where rivers now 
Stream, and perpetual draw their humid train. 
The dry land Earth, and the great receptacle 
Of congregated waters, he call'd Seas : 
And faw that it was good, and faid, Let th' Earth 
Put forth the verdant grafs, herb yielding feed, 
And fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind, 
Whofe feed is in herfelf upon the Earth. 
He icarce had faid, when the bare earth, till tnen 
Defert and bare, unfightly, unadorn'd, 
Brought forth the tender grafs, whofe verdure clad 
Her univerfal face with pleafant green, 
Then herbs of every leaf, that fudden flower'd 
Opening their various colours, and made gay 
Her boibra fmelling fweet : and thefe ifcarce 


Forth flourifh'd thick the cluft'ring vine, forth crept 
The fmelling gourd, up ftood the corny reed 
Imbattel'd in her field, and th* humble fhrub. 
And bum with frizzled hair implicit : laft 
Rofe, as in dance, the ilately trees, and fpread 



Their branches "hung with copious fruit, or 

gemm'd [crown'd 

Their bloffoms ; with high woods the hills were 
With tufts the vallies, and each fountain fide ; 
With borders long the rivers : that Earth now 
Seem'd like to Heav'n, a feat where gods might 


Or wander with delight, and love to haunt 
Her facred fhades : tho' God had yet not rain'd 
Upon the Earth, and man to till the ground 
None was, but from the Earth a dewy mill 
Went up and water'd all the ground, and each 
Plant of the field, which, e'er it was in th' Earth 
Ood made, and every herb, before it grew 
On the green ftcm ; God faw that it was good : 
So ev'n and morn recorded the third day. 

Again th' Almighty fpake, Let there be lights 
High in th' expanle of Heaven, to divide 
The day from night; and let them be for figns, 
For feafons, and for days, and circling years, 
And let them be for lights, as I ordain 
Their office in the firmament of Heav'n 
To give- light on the Earth ; and it was fo. 
And God made two great lights, great for their ufe 
To man, the greater to have rule by day, 
The lefs by night altern ; and made the ftars, 
And fet them in the firmament of Heav'n, 
I" illuminate the Earth, and rule the day 
In their viciflitude, and rule the night, 
And light from darknefs to divide. God faw, 
Surveying his great work, that it was good : 
Por of celeftial bodies firft the fun 
A mighty fphere he fram'd, unlightfome firft, 
Tho" of ethereal mould : then form'd the moon 
Globofe, and every magnitude of ftars, 
And fow'd with ftars the Heav'n thick as a field; 
Of light by far the greater part he took, 
Tranfpkinted from her cloudy fhrine, and placM 
In the ftm's orb, made porous to receive 
.And drink the liquid light, firm to retain 
Her gather'd beams, great palace now of light. 
Hkher, as to their fountain, other ftars 
Repairing, in their golden urns draw light, 
And hence the morning planet gilds her horns ; 
By tincture or reflection they augment 
Their fmall peculiar, though from human fiVht 
So far remote, with diminution feen. 
Firft in his Eaft the glorious lamp was feen, 
Regent &f day, and all th' horizon round 
In-^fted with bright rays, jocund to run 
His longitude thro' Heav'n's highroad; the gray 
Dawn, and the Pleiades before him danc'd, 
Shedding fweat influence : lefs bright the moon 
13 ut oppcfite in leveFd Weft was fet 
His mirror, with full face borrowing her light 
Prom him, for other light fhe needed none 
In t&afc afpec*, and ftill that diftance keeps 
Till night ; then in the eaft her turns fhe fhines, 
Revoto'd on Heav'n's great axle, and her reio-n 
With thoufand leffer lights dividual holds, 
With thoufand thoufand ftars, that then appear'd 
Spangling the hemifphere: then firft adorn 'd 
With their bright luminaries that fet and rofe, 
Glad Ev'ning and glad Morn crown'd the fourth 

Afcd God faid, Let the waters generate -' [day. 

Reptile with fpawn abundant, living foul : 
And let fowl ily above the Earth, with wings 
Difplay'd on th' open firmament of Heav'n ; 
And God created the great whales, and each 
Soul living, each that crept, which plenteoufly 
The waters generated by their kinds, 
And every bird of wing after his kind ; 
And faw that it was good, and blefs'd them 3 faying^ 
Be fruitful, multiply, and in the feas, 
And lakes, and running ftreams the waters fill ; 
And let the fowl be multiply* d on th' Earth. 
Forthwith the founds and leas, each creek and bay" 
With fry innumerable fwarm, and fhoals 
Of fifh that with their fins and fhining fcales 
Glide under the green wave, in fculls that oft 
Bank the mid fea : part fingle or with mate 
Grave the fea weed their pafture, and through 


Of coral ftray, or fporting with quick glance 
Shew to the fun their wav'dcofts dropt with gold, 
Or in their pearly fhells at eafe, attend 
Molt nutriment, or under rocks their food 
In jointed armour watch : on fmooth the feal, 
And bended dolphins play : part huge of bulk 
Wallowing unwieldy, enormous in their gate 
Tempeft the ocean : there Leviathan, 
Hugeft of living creatures, on the deep 
Streach'd like a promontory, fleeps or fwims, 
And feenis a moving land, and at his gills 
Draws in, and at his trunk fpouts out a fea. 
Mean while the tepid caves, and fens, and fhor'es, 
Their brood as numerous hatch, from th' egg that 


Burfting with kindly rupture forth difclos'd 
Their callow young, but feather* d foon and fledge 
They fumm'd their pens, and foaring th' air fu- 


With clang defpis'd the ground, under a cloud 
In profpccl ; there the eagle and the ftork 
On cliffs and cedar tops tbeir eyries build : 
Part loofly wing the region, part more wif~ 
In common, rang'd in figure, wedge their way. 
Intelligent of feafons, and fet forth 
Their airy caravan high over feas 
Flying, and over lands with mutual wing 
Eufing their flight ; fo fteers the prudent crane 
Her annual voyage, borne on winds ; the air 
Flotes, as they pafs, fann'd with unnumbered 

plumes : 

From branch to branch the fmalkr birds with fong 
Solac'd the woods, and fpread their painted wings, 
Till ev'n, nor then the folemn nightingale 
Ceas'd warbling, but all nig- ht tun'd her foft lays ; 
Others on filver lakes and riyers bath'd 
Their downv breaft ; the fwan, with arched neck, 
Between her white wings mantling proudly, rows 
Her ftate with oary feet ; yet oft they quit 
The dank, and rifing on ftiff peno,ns, tower 
The mid aereal fky : others on grbund ' [founds 
Walk'd firm: the crefted cock, \vhofe clarion' 
The filent hours, and th' other whofe gay-train , t 
Adorns him, colour'd with the florid hue 
Of rainbows and ftarry eyes. The waters thus 
With fifh replenilh'd, and the air with fowl, 
Ev'ning and Morn, folemniz'd the fifth day; 


\, The fixth, and of creation lafl arofe 
With evening harps and matin, when God faid 
Let th' Earth bring forth foul living in her kind, 
Cattle and creeping things, and beaft of th' Earth, 
Each in their kind. The Earth obey'd, and ftrait 
Opening her fertile womb, teem'd at a birth 
Innumerous living creatures, perfect forms, 
Limb'd and full grown ; out of the ground up rofe 
As from his lair the wild beaft, where he wons 
In foreft wild, in thicket, brake, or den ; 
Among the trees in pairs they rofe, they walk'd : 
The cattle in the fields and meadows green : 
Thofe rare and folitary, thefe in flocks 
Pafturing at once, and in broad herds upfprung. 
The g'rally clods now calv'd, now half appear'd 
The tawny lion, pawing to get free 
His hinder parts, then fprings as broke from bends, 
And rampant fhakes his briuded mane j the ounce, 
The libard and the tiger, as the mole 
Rifing, the crumbled earth above them threw 
In hillocks : the fwift ftag from under ground 
Bore upjiis branching head : fcarce from his mould 
Behemoth, biggeft born of Earth, upheav'd 
His vaftne.fs : fleec'd the flocks and bleating rofe, 
As plants : ambiguous between fea arid land 
The -river horl'e and fcaily crocodile. 
At ofice came forth whatever creeps the ground, 
Infect or worm : thofe wav'd their limber funs . 
For wings, and fmalleft lineaments exact 
ty all .the. liveries deck'd of Summer's pride, 
With fpots of gold and purple, azure and green : 
Thefe as in a line their long dimenfion drew 
Streaking the ground with finuous trace ; not all 
Minims of Nature ; fome of ierpent kind, 
Wondrous in length and corpulence, involv'd 
Their fnaky folds, and added wings. Firft crept 
The pariimonious emmet, provident 
Of future, in fmall room large heart inclos'd, 
Pattern of jufh equality, perhaps 
Hereafter, joined in her popular tribes 
Of commonality : fwarming next appear'd 
The female bee, that feeds her hufband drone 
Delicioufly, and builds her waxen cells 
With honey ftor'd : the reft are numberlefs, 
And thou their natures know'ft, and gav'ft them 
Needlefs to thee repeated ; nor unknown [names, 
The fa-pent fubtleft beaft of all the field, 
Of huge extent fometimes, with brazen eyes 
And hairy mane terrific, though to thee 
Not Noxious, but obedient at thy call. 

Now Heav'n in all her glory fhone, and roll'd 
Her motions, as the great firft Mover's hand 
Firft wheel'd their courfe ; Earth in her rich attire 
Confummate lovely fmil'd ; air, water, earth, 
By fowl, fifh, beaft, was flown, was i'wum, was 


Frequent ; and of the fixth day yet remuin'd ; 
There wanted yet the mafter work, the end 
Of all yet done ; a creature who not prone 
And brute as other creatures, but endow'd 
With fanctity of reafon, might erect 
His ftature, and upright with front ferene 
Govern the reft, felf-knowing, and from thence 
Magnanimous to correfpond with Heav'n, 
But grateful to acknowledge whence his good 

Defcends, thither with heart, and voice, and eyes 

Directed in devotion, to-adore 

And worlhip God funreme, who made him cliief 

Of all his works : therefore th' Omnipotent 

Eternal Father (for where is not he 

Prefent ?) thus to his Son audibly fpake : 

Let us make now Man in our image, Man 
In our fimilitude, and let them rule 
Over the fifh and fowl of fea, and air, 
Beaft of the field, and over all the Earth, 
And every creeping thing that creeps the ground. 
This faid, he form'd thee, Adam, thee, O man, 
Duft of the ground, and in thy noftrils breath'd 
The breath of life ; in his own image he. 
Created thee, in the image of God 
Exprefs, and thou becam'ft a living foul. 
Male he created thee, but thy conibrt 
Female for race ; then blefs'd Mankind, and fakl 
Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the Earth, 
Subdue it, and throughout dominion hold 
Over fifti of the fea, and fowl of th 5 air, 
And every living thing that moves on th' Earth. 
Wherever thus created, for no place 
Is yet diftinct by name, thence, as thou know'ft, 
He brought thee into this delkious grove, 
This garden, planted with the trees of God, 
Delectable both to behold and tafte ; 
And freely all their plcafant fruit for food 
Gave thee; all forts are here that all th' Earth 
Variety without end ; but of the tree {yields 
Which talkd works knowledge of good and evil, 
Thou may'fl not ; in the day thou eat'ft,thoudy'ft ; 
Death is the penalty impos'd ; "beware, 
And govern well thy appetite, left Sin 
Surprife thee, and her black attendant Death. 

Here finifh'ct he ; and all that he had made 
View'd ; and behold ail was entirely good ; 
So Ev'n and Morn accomplifh'd the fixth day : 
Yet not till the Creator from his work 
Detifting though unwearied, up return'd, 
Up to the Heav'n of Heav'ns his high abode, 
Thence to behold this new-created world, 
Th' addition of his empire, how it fhew'd 
In profpect frtfm his throne, how good, how fair, 
Anfwering his great idea. Up he rode 
Follow'd with acclamation and the found 
Symphonious of ten thoufand harps that ttra'd 
Angelic harmonies : the earth, the air 
Reiounded, (thou rernember'ft, for thou heard'H} 
The Heav'ns and all the conftellations rung. 
The planets in their ftation lift'ning ftool, 
While the bright pomp afcendcd jubilant. 
Open, ye everlafting Gates, they fung, 
Open, ye Heav'ns, your living doors ; let in 
The great Creator from his work return'd 
Magnificent, his fix day's work, a World ; 
Open, and henceforth oft ; for God will deign 
To vifit oft the dwellings of juft Men 
Delighted, and with frequent intercourfe 
Thither will fend his winged mefiengers 
On errands of fupernal grace. So fung 
The glorious train afcending : he through Heav'h, 
That open'd wide her blazing portals, led 
To God's eternal houfe direct the way, 
A froad and ample road, whofe duft is gold 


And pavement ftars, as ftars to thee appear, 
Seen in the galaxy, that milky way, 
Which nightly as a circling zone thou feeft 
Powder'd with ftars. And now on Earth the 
Evening arofe in Eden, for the fun [feventh 

Was fet, and twilight from the eaft came on, 
Forerunning Night ; when at the holy mount 
Of Heav'n's high-feated top th' imperial throne 
Of Godhead, fix'd for ever firm and fure, 
The Filial Power arriv'd, and fat him down 
With his great Father, for he alfo -went 
Invifible, yet ftay'd, (fuch privilege 
Hath Omniprefence) and the work ordain'd, 
Author and end of all things, and from work 
Now refting, blefs'd and hallow'd the fev'nthday, 
As refting on that day from all his work, 
But not in filence holy keep ; the harp 
Had work and refted not, the folemn pipe, 
And dulcimer, all organs of fweet flop, 
Al!. founds on fret by ftring or golden wire 
Ttmper'd foft tunings, intermix'd with voice 
Choral or unifon : of incenfe clouds 
Fuming from golden cenfers hid the mount. 
Creation and the fix days acl they fung, 
Great are thy works, Jehovah, infinite [tongue 
Thy power : what thought can meafure thee or 
Relate thee ? greater now in thy return 
Than from the giant angels ; thee that day 
Thy thunders magnify'd ; but to create 
Is greater than created to deftroy. 
Who can impair thee, mighty King, or bound 
Thy empire ? eafily the proud attempt 

Of fpirits apoftate and their counfels vain 
Thou haft repell'd, while impioufly they thought 
Thee to diminim, and from thee withdraw 
The number of thy worfhippers. Who feeks 
To leffen thee againft his purpofe ferves 
To manifeft the more thy might ; his evil 
' Thou ufeft, and from thence creat'ft more good. 
i Witnefs this new-made World, another Heav'n 
j From Heav'n gate not far, founded in view- 
On the clear hyaline, the glaffy fea ; 
Of amplitude almoft immenfe, with ftars 
Numerous, and every ftar perhaps a world 
Of deftin'd habitation ; but thou know'ft 
7'heir feafons : among thefe the feat of men, 
; Earth with her nether ocean circumfus'd, 
: Their pleafant dwelling place. Thrice happy men, 
' And fons of men, whom God hath thus advanc'd 
Created in his image, there to dwell 
And worfhip him, and in reward to rule 
Over his works, on earth, in fea, or air, 
And multiply a race of worfhippers 
Holy arid juft : thrice happy if they knew 
Their happinefs, and perfevere upright. 

So fung they ; and the empyrean rung 
With halleluiahs : thus was fabbath kept. 
And thy requeft think now fulfilled, that afk'd 
! How firft this World and face of things began, 
I And what before thy memory was done 
From the beginning, that pofterity 
Inform'd by thee might know ; if elfe thou feek'ft 
Ought, not furpaffing human meafure, fay. 





Adam inquires concerning celeftial motions, is doubtfully anfwer'd, and exhorted to fearch rather 
things more worthy of knowledge : Adam affents, and Hill defirous to detain Raphael, relates to 
him what he remember'd fince his own creation, his placing in Paradife, his talk with God concern 
ing folitude and fit fociety, his firft meeting and nuptials with Eve, his difcourfe with the angel 
thereupon ; who after admonitions repeated departs. 

THE angel ended ; and in Adam's ear 
So charming left his voice, that he a while 
Thought him {till fpeaking, ftill ftood fix'd to hear ; 
Then as new wak'd thus gratefully reply'd : 

What thanks fufficient, or what reccmpenfe 
Equal have I to render thee, divine 
- Hiftorian, who thus largely haft allay'd 
The thirft I had of knowledge, and vouchfaf'd 
This friendly condefcenfion to relate 
Things elfe by me'unfearchable, now heard 
With wonder, but delight, and as is due, 
With glory attributed to the high 
Creator ; fomething yet of doubt remains, 
Which only thy folutjon can refolve. 
When I behold this goodly frame, this world 
Of Heav'n and Earth confifting, and compute 
Their magnitudes, this Earth, a fpot, a grain, 
An atom, with the firmament compar'd 
A nd all her number'd ftars, that feem to roll 
Spaces incomprehenfible (for fuch 
Their diftance argues and their fwift return 
Diurnal) merely to officiate light 
Round this opacious Earth, this punctual fpot, 
One day and night in all their vaft furvey 
Ufelefs beudes ; reafoning I oft admire, 
How Nature wife and frugal could commit 
Such difproportions, with fuperfluous hand 
So many nobler bodies to create, 
Greater fo manifold to this one ufe, 
For ought appears, and, on their orbs impofe 
Such reftlefs refolution day by day 
Repeated, while the fedentary Earth, 
That better might with far lefs compafs move, 
Serv'd by more noble than herfelf, attains 
Her end without leaft motion, and receives, 
As tribute, fuch a fumlefs journey brought 

Of Incorporeal fpeed, her warmth and light ; 
Speed, to defcribe whofe fwiftnefs number fails. 

So fpake our Sire; and by his count'nance feem'd 
Ent'ring on ftudious thoughts abftrufe, which Eve 
Perceiving where ihe fat retir d in fight, 
With lowlinefs majeftic from her feat, 
And grace that won who faw to wifh her ftay, 
Rofe, and went forth among her fruits and flowers, 
To vifit how they profper'd, bud and bloom, 
Her nurfery ; they at her coming fprung, 
And touch'd by her fair tendence gladlier grew. 
Yet went fhe not, as not with fuch difcourfe 
Delighted, or not capable her ear 
Of what was high : fuch pleafure fhe referv'd, 
Adam relating, fhe fole auditrefs ; 
Her huiband the relator fhe preferr'd. 
Before the angel, and of him to afk 
Chofe rather ; he, fhe knew, would intermix 
Grateful digreflions, and folve high difpute 
With conjugal careffes ; from his lip 
Not words alone pleas'd her. O when meet noW 
Such pairs in love and mutual honour jo.inM ^ 
With goddefs-like demeanour forth fhe went, 
Not unattended, for on her as queen 
A pomp of winning Graces waited ftill, 
And from about her fhot darts of dcfire 
Into all eyes to wifh her ftill in fight. 
And Raphael now to Adam's doubt proposM 
Benevolent and facile, thus reply'd ; 

To afk or fearch I blame thee nat ; for Hexv'a 
Is as the book of God before thee fet, 
Wherein to read his wondrous, works, and learo^ 
His feafon, hours, or days, cr months, or year>: 
This to attain, whether Heav'n move or Earthy 
Imports not, if thou reckon right ; the teii 
From man r angel the great^Atchiteit . 


.Did wifely tb conceal, and not divulge 

His fecrets to be fcanrf d by them who ought 

Rather admire ; or if they lift to try ^ 

Conjecture, he his fabric df the Heav'ns 

Hath left to their difputes, perhaps to.move 

His laughter at their quaint opinions wide 

Hereafter, when they come to model Heav'n 

And calculate the ftars, how they will wield 

The mighty frame, how build, unbuild, contrive 

To fave at> oearances, how gird the fphere 

With centric and eccentric fcribled o'er. 

Cycle and epicycle, orb in orb : 

Already by thy reafoning this I guefs, 

Who art to lead thy offspring, and fuppofeft 

That bodies bright and greater fhould not ferve 

The left not bright, nor Heav'n fuch journeys run, 

Earth fitting ftiil, when fhe alone receives 

The benefit : Confider firft, that great 

Or bright infers not excellence : the Earth, 

ThougR in companion of Heav'n, fo fmall, 

Nor glift'ring, may of folia good contain 

More plenty than the Sun that barren {bines, 

Whofe virtue on itfelf works no effect, 

But in the fruitful Earth ; there firft receiv'd 

His beams, una6Hve elfe, their vigour find. 

Yet not to Earth are thofe bright luminaries 

Officious, but to thee Earth's habitant. 

And for the Heav'ns wide circuit, let it fpeak 

The Maker's high magnificence, who built 

So- fpacious, and his line ftretch'd out fo far, 

That man may know he dwells not in his own ; 

An edifice too large for him to fill, 

Lodg'd in a fmall partition, and the reft 

Ordain'd for ufes to his Lord beft known. 

The fwiftnefs of thofe circles attribute, 

Though numberlefs, to his omnipotence, 

That to corporeal fubftances could add 

Speed almoft fpiritual; me thou think'ft not flow, 

Who fince the morning hour fet out from Heav'n 

Where God refide.s, and e'er mid day arriv'd 

In Eden, diftance" inexpreffible 

By numbers that have name. But this I urge, 

Admitting motion in the Heav'ns, to fhew 

Invalid that which thee to doubt it mov'd ; 

Not that I fo affirm, though fo it feeni 

To thfce who haft thy dwelling here on Earth, 

God to remove his ways from human fenfe, 

Plac'd Heav'n from Earth fo far, that earthly 

;. fight, 

If it prefume, might err in things too high, 
And ho advantage gain. What if the fun 
Be centre to the world, and other ftars 
By his attca&ive virtue and their own 
Incited, dance about him various rounds ? 
Their wand'ring courfe now. high, now low, then 
Progreflive, retograde, or ftanding ftill, . [hid, 
In fix thou feed, and -what if feventh to thefe 
The planet Earth, fo ftedfaft though ibe feem, 
Infenfibly three different motions move ? 
Which elfe to feveral fpheres thou muft afcribe 
Mov'd contrary with thwart obliquities, 
Oc fave the Sun his labour, and that fwift .-. 
Nocturnal* and diurnal rhomb fuppos'd, 
Invifible elfe>above ail ftars, the whecfc r* /: .rii* 
Of day and night ; which needs not thy belief 

P AR A D I 3 E L O S TV JBooi 

If Earth induftrious of herfelf fetch day 

Travelling eaft, and with her part averfe 

From the fun's beam meet night, her other part 

StiJl luminous by his ray. What if that light 

Sent from her through the wild tranfpicuous air, 

To the terreftrial moon be as a ftar 

Inlightning her by day, as fhe by night 

This earth ? reciprocal, if land be there, 

Fields and inhabitants : her fpots thou feeft 

As clouds, and clouds may rain, and rain produce 

Fruits in her foften'd foil, for fome to eat 

Allotted there ; and other funs perhaps 

With their attendant moons thou wilt defcry 

Communicating male and female light, 

Which two great fexes animate the World, 

Stor'd in each orb perhaps with fome that live. 

For fuch vaft room in Nature unpoffefb'd 

By living foul defert and dciolate, 

Only to fhine, yet fcarce to contribute 

Each orb a glimpfe of light, convey'd fo far 

Down to this habitable, which returns 

Light back to them, is obvious to difpute. 

But whether thus thefe things, or whether nor, 

Whether the fun predominant in Heav'n 

Rife on Earth, or Earth rife on the fun, 

He from the Eaft his flaming road begin, 

Or flie from weft her filent courfe advance 

With inoffenfive pace that fpinning fleeps 

On her foft axle, while (he paces even, 

And bears thee foft wjlh the fmooth air along, 

Solicit not thy thoughts with matters hid ; 

Leave them to God above, him ferve and fear ; 

Of other creatures, as him pleafes beft, 

Wherever plac'd, let him difpofe : joy th,QU 

In what he gives to thee, this Paradife 

And thy fair Eve; Heav'n is for thee. too high 

To know what paffcs there ; be lowly wife : 

Think only what concerns thee-iuid thy being ; 

Dream not cf other worlds, what creatures there , 

Live, in what ftate, condition or degree, 

Contented that thus far hath been reveal'd 

Not of Earth only but of higheft Heav'n. 

To whom thus Adam,ck-dr'd of doubt, rcply'd. 
How fully haft thou fatisned me pure 
Intelligence of Heav'n, Angel ferene, 
And freed from intricacies, taught to live 
The eafieft way, nor with perplexing thoughts 
To interrupt the fvveet of life, from which 
God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares, 
And not moleft us, unlefs we ourfelves 
Seek them with wand'ring thoughts, and notions 
But apt the mind or fancy is to rove [vain. 

Uncheck'd, and of her roving is no end ; 
Till warn'd, or by experience taught, fhe learn, 
That not to know at large of things remote 
From ufe, obfcure and fubtile, but to know 
That which before us lies in daily life, 
Is the. grime wifdom ; what is more, is fume 
Or emptinefs, or fond impertinence, 
And renders us in things that moft concern 
Unpradis'd, unprepar'd, and ilill to feek. 
Therefore from this high pitch let \is defcend 
A lower flight, and fpeak of things at hand 
Ufeful, whence, haply mention mayarife 
Of fomethfng not unfeafonable to aik 



By iurtcrance and thy wonted favour dtign'u. 
Thee 1 have heard relating what was done 
E'er my remembrance : now hear me relate 
My ftory, which perhaps thou haft not heard ; 
.And day is not yet fpent; till then thou ieeft 
How fubtly to detain thee I devife, 
Inviting thee to hear while I relate, 
Fond, were it not in hope of thy reply : 
For while I fit with thee, I feem in Heav'n, * 
And fweeter thy difcourfe is to my ear 
Than fruits of palm-tree pleufanteit to thirft 
And hunger both, from labour, at the hour 
Of fweet repaft ; they fatiate, and foon fill 
Though pltafant, but thy words with grace divine 
Imbued, bring to their fweetnefs no fatiety. 

To whom thus Raphael anfwer'd heav'nly meek. 
Nor are thy lips ungraceful, Sire of Men, 
Nor tongue ineloquent ; for God on thee 
Abundantly his gifts hath alfo pour'd 
.Inward and outward both, his image fair : 
Speaking or mute, all comelinefs and grace 
Attends thee, and each word, each motion forms ; 
Nor lefs think we in Heav'n of thee on Earth 
Than of our fellow-fervant, and inquire 
Gladly into the ways of God with Man : 
For God we fee hath honour'd thee, and fet 
On man his equal love : fay therefore on ; 
For I that day was abfent, as beiel, 
Bound on a voyage uncouth and obfcure, 
Far on excurfion tow'rd the gates of Hell ; 
Squar'd in full legion (fuch command we had) 
To fee that none thence iffued forth a fpy, 
Or enemy, while God was in his work, 
Left he, incens'd at fuch eruption bold, 
Deftru6Hon with creation might have mix'd. 
Not that they durft without his leave attempt, 
But us he fends upon his high behefts 
For ftate, as Sov'reign King, and to inure 
Our prompt obedience. Faft we found, faft {hut, 
The difmal gates, and barricado'd ftrong ; 
But long e'er our approaching heard within 
Noile, other than the found of dance or fong, 
Torment and loud lament, and furious rage. 
Glad we return'd up to the Coafts of Light 
E'er fabbath evening : fo we had in charge. > 
But thy relation now ; for I attend, 
Pleai'd with thy words no lefs than thou with 


So fpake the godlike Power; and thus our Sire. 
For man to tell how human life began 
Is hard ; for who himfelf beginning knew ? 
Defire with thee ftill longer to converfe 
Induc'd me. As new wak'd from foundeft fleep 
Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid 
In balmy fweat, which with Ms beams the fun 
Soon dry'd, and on the reeking moifture fed. 
Strait toward Heav'n my woud'ring eyes I turn'd, 
And gaz'd a while the ample iky, till rais'd 
By quick inftin&ive motion up I fprung, 
AS thitherward endeavouring, and upright 
Stood on my feet ; about me round I faw 
Hill, dale, and fhady woods, and funny plains, 
And liquid lapfe of murm'ring firearm ; by thefe, 
Creatures that liv'd and mov'd, and walk'd, or 

iiir-.-s, 0,1 C,K- branches warbling ; all things fmil'd, 
With fragrance and with joy my heart o'erflow'd. 
Myfelf I then perus'd, and limb by limb 
Survey'd, and fometimes went, and fometimes ran 
With fupple joints, as lively vigour led : 
But who I was, or where or from what caufe, 
Knew not ; to fpeak I try'd, and forthwith fpake; 
My tongue obey'd, and readily could name 
Whate'er I faw. Thou Sun, faid I, fair light, 
And thou enlighten'd Earth, fo frefh and 2,".iy> 
Ye hills, and dales, ye rivers, woods, and plains, 
And ye that live and move, fair creatures tell, 
Tell if ye faw, how came I thus, how here ; 
Not of myfelf ; by fome great Maker then, 
In goodncfs and in power preeminent ; 
Teli me how may I know him, how adore 
From whom I have that thus I move and live, 
And feel that I am happier than I know. 
While thus I call'd, and ftray'd, I knew not whi 

From where I firft drew air, and firft beheld 
This happy light, when anfwer none return'd, 
On a green fhady bank profufe of flowers 
Penfive I fat me down ; there gentle Sleep 
Firft found me, and with foft oppreffion feis'd 
My droufed feufe, untroubled, though I thought 
I then was paffing to my former ftate 
Infenfible, and forthwith to ciiffolve : 
When fuddenly ftood at my head a Dream, 
Whofe inward apparition gently mov'd 
My fancy to believe I yet had being, 
And liv'd : One came, methought of fhape divine. 
And faid, Thy manfion wants thee, Adam, rife, 
Firft Man, of men innumerable ordain'd 
Firft Father, call'd by thee I come thy guide 
To the Garden of Blifs, thy feat prepar'd. 
So faying, by the hand he took me rais'd, 
And over fields and waters, as in air 
Smooth fliding without ftcp, laft led me up 
A woody mountain, whole high top was plain, 
A circuit wide, inclos'd, with goodiieft trees 
Planted, with walks, and bowers, that what I faw 
Of Earth before fcarce pleafant feem'd. Each tr&c 
Loaden with faireft fruit that hung to th' eye 
Tempting, ftirr'd in me fudden appetite 
To pluck and eat ; whereat I wak'd and found 
Before mine eyes all real, as the dream 
Had lively fhadow'd : here had new begun 
My wand'ring, had not he who was my guide 
Up hither, from among the trees appear'd, 
Prefence divine. Rejoicing, but with awe, 
In adoration at his feet I fell 
Submifs : he rear'd me, and whom thou fought'ft 
Said mildly, author of all this thou fecft [I am. 
Above, or round about thee, or beneath. 
This Paradife I give thee, count it thine 
To till and keep, and of the fruit to eat 
Of every tree that in the garden grows, 
Eat freely with glad heart ; for here no dearth : 
But of the tree whofe operation brings 
Knowledge of good and ill, which I have fet 
The pledge of thy obedience and thy faith, 
Amid the garden by the tree of life, 
Remember what I warn thee, ihun to tafte, 
And fliun the bitter confequence : for know 




The day thou eat'ft thereof, my fole command 

Tranfgrefs'd, inevitably thou fhalt die, 

From that day mortal, and this happy ftate 

Shalt lofe, expell'd from hence into a world 

Of woe and ibrrow. Sternly he pronounc'd 

The rigid interdiction, which reibunds 

Yet dreadful in mine ear, though in my choice 

Not to incur ; but foon his clear afpect 

Return'd, and gracious purpofe thus renew'd. 

Not only thefe fair bounds, but all the Earth 

To thee and to thy race 1 give ; as lords 

Pofiefs it, and all things that therein live, 

Or live in fea, or air, beaft, fifh, and fowl. 

In fign whereof each bird and beafl behold 

After their kinds ; I bring them to receive 

From thee their names, and pay thee fealty 

With low fubjection ; underftand the fame 

Of fifh within their watry reiidence, 

Not hither fumrnon'd, iince they cannot change 

Their element to draw the thinner air. 

As thus he fpake, each bird and bead behold 

Approaching two and two ; thefe cow'ring low, 

With blandifliment, each bird ftoop'd on his wing. 

I nam'd them, as they pafs'd, and underftood 

Their nature, with fuch knowledge God indued 

My fudden apprehenfion : but in thefe 

I found not what methought I wanted ftill ; 

And to the heav'nly Vifion thus prefum'd. 

O by what name, for thou above all thefe, 
Above mankind, or ought than mankind higher, 
Surpaffeft far my naming, how may I 
Adore thee, Author of this univerfe, 
And all this good to man ? for whofe well being 
So amply, and with hands fo liberal , 
Thou haft provided all things : but with me 
I fee not who partakes. In folitude 
What happinefs? who can enjoy alone, 
Or all enjoying, what contentment find ? 
Thus I prefumptuous ; and the Viiion bright, 
As, with a fmile more brighten'd, thus repiy'd : 

What call'ft thou Solitude ? is not the Earth 
With various living creatures, and the air 
Replenifh'd, and all thefe at thy command 
To come and play before thee ? know'ft thou not 
Their language and their ways ? they alfo know, 
And reafon not contemptibly ; with thefe 
Find paftime and bear rule ; thy realm is large. 
So fpake the univerfal Lord, and feem'd 
So ord'ring. I with leave of fpeech implor'd, 
And humble deprecation thus repiy'd. 

Let not my words offend thee, heav'nly Power ; 
My maker, be propitious while I fpeak. 
Haft thou not made me here thy fubftitute, 
And thefe inferior far beneath me fet ? 
Among unequals what fociety 
Can fort, what harmony or true delight ? 
Which /!?uii je ru. .;o .;., ^ proportion due 
Giv'n and receiv'd; but in difparity 
The one im.cnfe, the other ftill remifs 
Cannot well fuit with either, but foon prove 
Tedious alike : of fellowlhip I fpeak 
Such as I feek, fit to participate 
All rational delight, wherein the brute 
Cannot be human confort ; they rejoice 
ach with their kind, lion with l^onefs ; 

So fitly them in pairs thon haft combin'd ; 
Much lefs can bird with beaft, or fifh with fowl 
So well converfe, nor with the ox the ape ; 
Worfe then can man with beaft, and leaft of all. 

Whereto th' Almighty anfwer'd not difpleas'd. 
A nice and fubtile happinefs I fee 
Thou to thyfelf propofeft, in the choice 
Of thy affociates, Adam, and wilt tafte 
l/o pleafure, though in pleafure, folitary. 
What think' ft thou then of me, and this my ftate I 
Seem I to thee fufficiently pofiefs'd 
Of happinefs or not ? who am alone 
From all eternity, for none I know 
Second to me or like, equal much lefs. 
How have I then with whom to hold converfe 
Save with the creatures which I made, and thofe 
To me inferior, infinite deicents 
Beneath what other creatures are to thee ? 

He ceas'd ; I lowly anfwer'd. To attain 
The height and depth of thy eternal ways 
All human thoughts come fhort, Supreme of things; 
Thou in thyfelf art perfect, and in thee 
Is no deficience found : not fo is man, 
But in degree the caufe of his defire 
By converfation with his like to help, 
Or folace his defects. No need that thou 
Should'ft propagate, already infinite, 
And through all numbers abfolute, though one ; 
But man by number is to manifeft 
His fingle imperfection, and beget 1 
Like of his like, his image multiply'd, 
In unity defective, which requires 
Collateral love, and deareft amity. 
Thou in thy fecrefy although alone, 
Beft with thyfelf accompanied, feek'ft not 
Social communication, yet fo pleas'd, 
Canft raife thy creature to what height thou wilt 
Of union or communion, deify'd ; 
I by converfmg cannot thefe erect 
From prone, nor in their ways complacence find, 
Thus I imbolden'd fpake, and freedom us'd 
Permiflive, and acceptance found, which gain'd 
This anfwer from the gracious voice divine. 

Thus far to try thee, Adam, I was pleas'd, 
And find thee knowing not of beafts alone, 
Which thou had rightly nam'd, but of thyfelf, 
Exprefling well the fpirit within thee free, 
My image, not imparted to the brute, 
Whofe fellowfhip therefore unmeet for thee 
Good reafon was thou freely fhouldft diflike 
And be fo minded ftill ; I, e'er thou fpak'ft, 
Knew it not good for man to be alone, 
And no fuch company as then thou faw'ft 
Intended thee, for trial only brought, 
To fee how thou could'ft judge of fit and meet : 
What next I bring fhall pleafe thee, be affur'd, 
Thy likenefs, thy fit help, thy other felf, 
Thy wifh exactly to thy heart's defire. 

He ended, or I heard no more ; for now 
My earthly by his heav'nly overpower'd, 
Which it had long flood under, ftrain'd to th' 
In that celeftial colloquy fublime, [height 

As with an object that excells the fenfe 
Dazzled and fpent, funk down and fought repair 
Of Sleep, which inftantly fell on jne, call'd 

Bout VIII- 


By Nature as in aid, and clos'd mine eyes. 
Mine eyes he clos'd, but open left the cell 
Of fancy my internal fight, by which 
Abftract as in a trance methought I faw, 
Though fleeping, where I lay, and faw the fhape 
Still glorious before whom awake I flood : 
Who {looping open'd my left fide, and took 
From thence a rib, with cordial fpirits warm, 
And life-blood ftreaming, frelh ; wide was the 


But fuddenly with flefh fill'd up and heal'd : 
The rib he form'd and fafhion'd with his hands ; 
Under his forming hands a creature grew 
Manlike, but different fex, fo lovely fair, 
That what feem'd fair in all the world, feem'd now 
Mean, or in her fumm'd up, in her contain'd 
And in her looks, which from that time infus'd 
Sweetnefs into my heart unfelt before, 
And into all things from her air infpir'd 
The fpirit of love and amorous delight. 
She difappear'd, and left me dark : I wak'd 
To find her, or for ever to deplore 
Her lofs, and other pleafures all abjure : 
When out of hope, behold her, not far off, 
Such as I faw her in my dream, adorn'd 
With what all Earth or Heaven could beftow 
To make her amiable : on fhe came, 
. JLed by her heav'nly Maker, though unfeen, 
And guided by his voice, nor uninform'd 
Of nuptial's fanclity and marriage rites : 
Grace was in all her fteps, Heav'n in her eye, 
In every gefture dignity and love. 
I overjoy'd could not forbear aloud. 

This turn hath made amends ; thou had fulfill'd 
Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign, 
Giver of all things fair, but faireft this 
Of all thy gifts, nor envieft. I now fee 
Bone of my bone, flefh of my fleih, myfelf 
Before me ; Woman is her name, of Man 
Extracted ; for this caufe he {hall forego 
Father and mother, and to his wife adhere ; 
And they ihallbe one flefli, one heart, one foul. 
She heard me thus ; and tho' divinely brought 
Yet innocence and virgin modefty, 
. Her virtue and the confcience of her worth, 
That would be woo'd, and not unfonght be won, 
Not obvious, not obtrufive, but retired 
The more defirable, or to fay all, 
Nature herfelf, though pure of finful thought, 
Wrought in her fo, that feeing me, fhe turn'd ; 
I follow'd her, fhe what was honour knew, 
And with obfequous majefty approv'd 
My pleaded realbn. To the nuptial bower 
I led her blufhing like the Morn : all Heav'n, 
And happy conftellations on that hour 
Shed their felecleft influence ; the Earth 
Gave fign o f gratulation, and each hill ; 
Joyous the birds ; frelh gr.les and gentle airs 
Whifper'd it to the woods, and from their wings 
Flung role, flung odours from the fpicy fhrub, 
pil'porting till the amorous bird of night 
jSimg fpoufal, and bid hafte the evening ftar 
On his hill top, to light the bridal lamp. 
Thus have I told thee all my ftate, and brought 
*^" ftory to the fum of earthly blifs 

Which I enjoy, and muft confefs to find 
In all things elfe delight indeed, but fuch 
As us'd or not, works in the mind no change, 
Nor vehement defire, thefe delicacies [<TSj 

I mean of tafte, fight, fmell, herbs, fruits, and flow- 
Walks, and the melody of birds ; but here 
Far otherwife, tranfported I behold, 
Transported touch ; here paffion firil I felt, 
Commotion ftrange, in all enjoyments elfe 
Superior and unmov'd, here only weak 
Againft the charm of Beauty's powerful glance. 
Or nature fail'd in me, and left fome part 
Not proof enough fuch object to fuilain, 
Or from my fide fubducting, took perhaps 
More than enough ; at lead on her beftow'd 
Too much of ornament, in outward fhew 
Elaborate, of inward lefs exaA. 
For well I underfland in the prime end 
Of Nature her th' inferior, in the mind 
And inward faculties which moft excel, 
In outward alib her refembling lefs 
His image who made both, and lefs expreGTtng 
The character of that dominion given 
O 'er other creatures ; yet v. hen I approach 
Her lovelinefs, fo abfolute fhe fcems, 
And in herfelf complete, fo well to know 
Her own, that what fhe wills to do or fay 
Seems wife ft, virtuoufeft, difcreeteft, beft ; 
All higher knowledge in her prefeuce fails 
Degraded, Wifdom in difcourfe with her 
Lofes difcountenanc'd, and like Folly fhews ; 
Authority and Reafon on her wait, 
As one intended firft, not after made 
Occafionally ; and to confummate all, 
Greatnefs of mind, and Noblenefs their feat 
Build in her lovelieft, and create an awe 
About her, as a guard angelic plac'd. 

To whom the angel with contracted brow. 
Accufe not Nature, fhe hath done her part ; 
Do thou but thine, and be not diffident 
Of Wifciom ; fhe deferts thec not, if thou 
Difmifs not her, when moft thou need' it her nigh, 
By attributing over much to things 
Lefs excellent, as thou thyfelf perceiv'ft. 
For what adniir'ft thou, what tranfports thee fo? 
An outfide, fair no doubt, and worthy well 
Thy cheriihing, thy honouring, and thy love, 
Not thy fubjeclion : weigh with her thyfelf ; 
Then value : oft-times nothing profits more, 
Than felf efteem, grounded on juft and right 
Well manag'd; of that fkill the more thou know'ft, 
The more fhe will acknowledge thee her head, 
And to realities yield all her fhews : 
Made fo adorn for thy delight the more, 
So awful, that with honour thou may'ft love 
Thy mate , who fees when thou art feen leaft wife. 
But if the fenfe of touch whereby mankind 
[s propagated feem fuch dear delight 
Beyond ail other, think the fame vouchfaf 'd 
To cattle and each beaft ; which would not be 
To them made common and divulg'd, if ought 
Therein enjoy'd were worthy to fubdue 
The foul of man, or pafllon in him move. 
What higher in her fociety thou find'fl 
Attractive, human, rational, love ftill ; 




In loving thou doft well, in a paffion not, 
Wherein true love confifts not ; Love refines 
The thoughts, and heart inlarges, hath his feat 
In reafon, and is judicious, is the fcale 
By which to heav'nly love thou mayft afcend, 
Not funk in carnal pleafure, for which caufe 
Among the beafts no mate for thee was found. 

To whom thus half abafh'd Adam reply'd : 
Neither her outfide form'd fo fair, nor ought 
In procreation common to all kinds 
(Though higher of the genial bed by far, 
And with myfterious reverence I deem) 
So much delights me, as thofe graceful ads, 
Thofe thoufand decencies that daily flow 
From all her words and actions mix'd with love 
And fweet compliance, which declare unfeign'd 
Union of mind, or in us both one foul ; 
Harmony to behold in wedded pair 
3VIore grateful than harmonious found to th' ear. 
Yet thefc fubje&s not ; I to thee difclofe 
"What inward thence I feel, not therefore foil'd, 
Who meet with various objects, from the fenfe 
Varioufly reprefenting ; yet ftiil free 
Approve the beft, and follow what I approve. 
To love thou blam'ft me not, for love thou fay "ft 
Leads up to Heav'n, is both the way and guide ; 
Bear with me then, if lawful what I afk ; 
Love hot the heav'nly fp'rits, and how their love 
Exprefs they^by looks only', or do they mix 
Irradiance'j virtual or immediate touch ? 

To whom the angel, with a fmile that glow'd 
Celeftial roiy red, Love's proper hue, 
Anfwer'd. Let it fuffice thee that thou know'ft 

Us happy', and without love on'happinefs. 

Whatever pure thou in the body' enjoy'ft 

(And pure thou wert created) we enjoy 

In eminence, and obftacle find none 

Of membrane, joint, or limb, exclufive bars ; 

Eafier than air with air, if fp'rits embrace, 

Total they mix, union of pure with pure 

Defiring ; nor reftrain'd conveyance need 

As fiefh to mix with flefh, or foul with foul. 

But I can now no more ; the parting fun 

Beyond the Earth s green cape and verdant ifle 

Hefperian fets, my fignal to depart. 

Be ftrong, live happy, and love, but firft of all 

Him whom to love is to obey, and keep 

His great command ; take heed left paffion fway 

Thy judgment to do ought, which elfe free will 

Would not admit ; thine and of all thy fons 

The weal or woe in thee is plac'd ; beware, 

I in thy perfevering {hall rejoice, 

And all the Bleft : ftand faft ; to ftand or fall 

Free in thine own arbitrement it lies, 

Perfed within, no outward aid require ; 

And all temptation to iranfgrefs repel. 

So faying, he arofe ; whom Adam thus 
Follow'd with benediction : fince to part, 
Go heav'nly gueft, ethereal meffenger, 
j Sent from whofe fovreign goodnefs I adore. 
Gentle to me and affable hath been 
Thy condefcenfion, and fliall be honour'd ever 
With grateful memory : thou to mankind 
Be good and friendly ftill, and oft return. 
So parted they, the angel up to Heav'n 
From the thick fhade, and Adam to his bower. 



The Argument. 

Satan having Compaffed the earth with meditated guile, returns as a mift hy night into Paradifc, en~ 
ters into the ferpeht fleeping. Adam and Eve, in the morning, go forth to their labours, which 
Eve propofes to divide in feveral places, each labouring apart : Adam confents not, alleging the 
danger, left that enemy, of whom they were forewarned, iho'ald attempt her found alone : Eve, 
loath to be thought not circumfped or firm enough, urges her going apart, the rather defirous to 
make trial of her flrength ; Adam at laft yields : the ferpent finds her alone ; his fubtile approach, 
firft gazing, then fpeaking, with much flattery, extolling Eve above all other creatures. Eve, won 
dering to hear the ferpent fpeak, alks how he attained to human fpeech and fuch underftanding not 
till now ; the ferpent anfwers, that by tafting of a certain tree in the garden, he attained both to 
fpeech and reafon, till then void of both : Eve requires him to bring her to that tree, and finds it to 
be the Tree of Knowledge forbidden : The ferpent, now grown bolder, with many wiles and ar 
guments, induces her at length to eat : fhe, pleafed with the tafte, deliberates a while whether to 
impart thereof to Adam or not ; at laft brings him of the fruit, relates what perfuaded her to eat 
thereof : Adam, at firft amazed, but perceiving her loft, refolves, through vehemence of love, to 
perifh with her ; and, extenuating the trefpafs, eats alfo of the fruit : the effecls thereof in them 
both ; they feek to cover their nakednefs ; then fall to variance and accufation of one another. 

JNo more of talk where God or Angel gueft 
With Man, as With his friend, familiar us'd 
To fit indulgent, and with him partake 
Rural repaft, permitting him the while 
Venial difcdurfe unblam'd ; I now muft change 
Thofe notes to tragic ; foul diftruft and breach 
t)ifloyal on the part of man, revolt, 
And difobedience : on the part of Heav'ri 
Now alienated, diftance and diftafte, 
Anger and juft rebuke, and judgment giv'n, 
That brought into this world, a world of woe, 
Sin and her fhadow Death, and Mifery 
Death's harbinger : fad tafk, yet argument 
Not lefs, but more heroic than the wrath 
Of ftern Achilles on his foe purfu'd 
Thrice fugitive about Troy wall ; or rage 
Of Turnus for Lavinia difefpous'd, 
Or Neptune's ire, or Juno's, that fo long 
ferplex'd the Greek and Cytherea's fon ; 
Iff anfwerable ftile I can obtain 
Of my celeftial Patronefs, who deigns 
Her nightly vifitation unimplor'd, 

And dictates to me flumb'ring, or infpires 
Eafy my unpremeditated verfe : 
Since firft this fubjei5l for heroic fong 
Pleas'd me long choofing, and beginning late j 
Not fedulous by na'ture to indite 
Wars, hitherto the only argument 
Heroic deem'd, chief maft'ry to diffecT; 
With long and tedious havock fabled knights 
In battles feign'd ; the better fortitude 
Of Patience and heroic Martyrdom 
Unfung ; or to defcribe races and games, 
Or tilting furniture, imblazon'd fhields, 
Impreffes quaint, caparifons .and fteeds ; 
Bafes and tinfel trappings, gorgeous knights 
At jouft and tournament ; then marfhal'd feaft 
Serv'd up in hall itfith fewers, and fenefhalla ; 
The (kill of artifice or office mean, 
Not that which juftly gives heroic name 
To perfon or to poem. Me of thefe 
Nor fkill'd, nor ftudious, higher argument 
Remains, fufficient of itfelf to raife 
That name, unlefs an age too late or coH 


Book IX. 

Climate, or years damp my intended wing 
Deprefs'd, and much they may, if all be mine, 
Not hers who brings it nightly to my ear. 

The fun was funk, and after him the ftar 
Of Hefperus, whofe office is to bring 
Twilight upon the Earth, fhort arbiter 
'Twixt day and night, and now from end to end 
Night s hemisphere had veil'd th' horizon round : 
When Satan who late fled before the threats 
Of Gabriel out of Eden, now improv'd 
In meditated fraud and malice, bent 
On man's deftruclion, niaugre what might hap 
Of heavier on himfelf , fearlefs I'eturn'd. 
By night he fitd, and at midnight return'd 
From ccn.paffing the earth, cautious of day, 
Since Uriel regent of the fun ddcry'd 
His entrance, and forcwarn'd the cherubim 
TLut kept their watch ; thence full of anguifh 


The {pace of fev'n continued nights he rode 
W;<h darknefs, thrice the equinocliai line 
lit civcl'd, four times crols'd the ear of Night 
From pole to pole, traverfing colure ; 
On th' eighth return'cl, and on the coaft averfe 
From entrance or cherubic watch, by ftealth 
Found uniufpc&ed way. There was a place, 
Now not, though Sin not Time, firft wrought 

the change 

Where Tigris at the foot of Paradife 
Into a gulf {hot under ground, till part 
Rofe up a fountain by the Tree of Life ; 
In wilh the river funk, and with it rofe 
Satan involv d in rifing mift, then fought 
,WT,cre to lie hid ; fea he had fearcli d and land 
From Eden over Fontus, and the pool 
Mceotis, up beyond the river Ob ; 
Downward as far antardtic ; and in length 
Weft from Crontes to the ocean barr'd 
At Darien, thence to the land where flows 
Ganges and Indus : thus the orb he roam'd 
With narrow fearch, and with infpedion deep, 
Confider'd every creature, which of all 
Moft opportune might ferve his wiles, and found 
The ferpent, fubt'left beaft of all the field ; 
Him, alter long debate, irrefolute 
Of thoughts revolv'd, his final fentence chofe 
Fit veffel, fitteft imp of fraud, in whom 
To enter, and his dark luggeftions hide 
From fharpefi fight : for in the wily fnake, 
Whatever fleigkts none would fufpicious mark, 
As from his wit and native fubtlety 
Proceeding, which in other beafts obferv'd 
Doubt might beget of diabolic pow'r 
Aclive within beyond the fenfe of brute.. 
Thus he refolv'd ; but firft from inward grief 
His burftirig pafiion into plaints thus pour'd. 

O Earth, how like to Heav'n, if not preferr'd 
Mote juftly, feat woithier of gods, as built 
With fecond thoughts, reforming what was old ! 
For what God after better worfe would build ? 
Terreftrial Heav'n, danc'd round by other heav'ns 
That fhine, yet. bear their bright officious lamps, 
Light above light, for thee alone, as feems, 
In thee concentring all their precious beams 
Of facred influence ! As God in Heav'n 

Is centre, yet extends to all ; fo thou 
Centring receiv'ft from all thofe orbs ; in thee, 
Not in themfelves, all their known virtue' ap 

Productive in herb, plant, and nobler birth 
Of creatures animate with gradual life 
Of growth, fcnfe, reafon, all fumm'd up in man. 
With Avhat delight could 1 have walk'd thee 


If I could joy in ought, fweet interchange 
Of hill, and valley, rivers, woods, and plains, 
Now land, now fea, and ihores, with foreft 


Rocks, dens, and caves! but I in none of thefe 
Find place or refuge ; and the more I fee 
Pleafures about, me, fo much more I feel 
Torment within me', as from the hateful fiege 
Of contraries ; all good to me becomes 
Eane, and in Heav'n much worfe would be my 
But neither here feek I; no, nor in Heav'n [ftate. 
To dwell, unlefs by mafiVring Heav'n's Supreme ; 
Nor hope to be myfelf lefs miferable 
By what I leek, but others to make fuch 
As I tho' thereby worfe to me redound : 
For only in deftroying I find eafe 
'Fo my relentlefs thoughts; and him deftroyed, 
Or won to what may work his utter lofs, 
For whom all this was made, all this will foon 
Follow, as to him link'd in weal or woe, 
In woe then ; that definition wide may range : 
To me fliall be the glory fole among 
Th' infernal powers, in one day to have marr'd 
What the Almighty ftil'd, fix nights and days 
Continued making ; and who knows how long 
before had been contriving, tho' perhaps 
Not longer than fince I in one night freed 
From fervitude inglorious well nigh half 
Th' angelic name, and thinner left the throng 
Of his adorers : he, to be aveng'd, 
And to repair his numbers thus impair 'd, 
Whether luch virtue fpent of old now fail'd 
More Angels to create, if they at leaft 
Are his created, or to fpite us more, 
Determin'd to advance into our room 
A creature form'd of earth, and him endow, 
Exalted from fo bafe original, 
With heav'nly fpoiis, our fpoils : what he decreed 
H' effe&ed ; Man he made, and for him built 
Magnificent this world, and Earth his feat, 
Him lord pronounc'd ; and, O indignity ! 
Subjected to his fervice angel wings, 
And flaming minifters, to watch and tend 
Their earthly charge : of thefe the vigilance 
I dread ; and to elude, thus wrapt in mift 
O midnight vapour glide obfcure, and pry 
In every bufh and brake, where hap may find 
The ferpent fleeping, in whofe mazy folds 
To hide me, and the dark intent I bring. 
Of foul defcent ! that I who erft contended 
With gods to fit the high'ft, am now conftrain'd 
Into a beaft, and mix'd with beftial flime, 
This effence to incarnate and imbrue,. 
That to the height of Deity afpir'd ; 
But what will not ambition and revenge 
Dtfcend to ? who afpires muft down as low 

Book IX. 


As high he foar'd, obnoxious firft or laft 
To bafeft things. Revenge, at firft tho' fweet, 
Bitter e'er long, back on itfelf recoils ; 
Let it; I reck not, fo it light well aim'd, 
Since higher I fall Ihort, on him who next 
Provokes my envy, this new favourite 
Of Heav'n, this Man of Clay, Son of Defpite, 
Whom us the more to fpite, his Maker rais'd 
From duft : Spite then with fpite is beft repaid. 
So faying, through each thicket, dank or dry, 
Like a black mift low creeping, he held on 
His midnight fearch, where fooneft he might find 
The ferpent : him faft fleeping loon he found 
In labyrinth of many a round felf-roll d, 
His head the midft, well ftor'd with fubtile wiles : 
Not yet in horrid ftiade or difmal den, 
Nor nocent yet, but on the graffy herb 
Fearlefs unfear'd he flept : in at his mouth 
The Devil enter'd, and his brutal fenfe, 
In heart or head, poflefling foon infpir'd 
With acl: intelligential ; but his fleep 
Difturb'd not, waiting clofe th' approach of morn. 
Now when, as facred light began to dawn, 
In Eden on the humid flowers, that breath'd 
Their morning incenfe, when all things that 


From th' Earth's great altar fend up filent praife 
To the Creator, and his noftrils fill 
With grateful fmell, forth came the human Pair, 
And join'd their vocal worlhip to the quire 
Of creatures wanting voice ; that done, partake 
The feafon, prime for fweeteft fcents and airs : 
Then commune how that day they beft may ply 
Their growing work ; for much their work out 

The hands' difpatch of two gard'ning fo wide, 
And Eve firft to her hufband thus began : 
Adam, well may we labour ftill to drefs 
This garden, ftill to tend plant, herb, and flower, 
Our pleaiant talk injoin'd ; but till mre hands 
Aid us, the work under our labour grows 
Luxurious by reftraint ; what we by day 
Lop overgrown, or prune, or prop, or bind, 
One night or two with wanton growth derides, 
Tending to wild. Thou therefore now advife, 
Or bear what to my mind firft thoughts prefent ; 
Let us divide our labours, thou where choice 
Leads thee, or where moft needs, whether to 


The woodbine round his arbour, or direct 
The clafping ivy where to climb, while I 
In yonder fpring of rofes intermix'd 
With myrtle, find what to redrefs, till noon : 
For while fo near each other thus all day 
Our tafk we choofe, what wonder if, fo near, 
Looks intervene, and fmiles, or object new 
Cafual difcourfe draw on, which intermits 
Our day's work brought to little, tho' begun 
Early, and th' hour of fupper comes unearn'd 

To whom mild anfwer Adam thus return'd : 
Sole Eve, aflbciate fole, to me beyond 
Compare, above all living creatures dear, 
Well haft thou motion'd, well thy thoughts em- 

How we might beft fulfil die work which here 

God hath aflign'd us, nor of me {halt pafs 
Unprais'd : for nothing lovelier can be found 
In woman, than to ftudy houfehold good, 
And good works in her hufband to promote. 
Yet not fo ftriclly hath our Lord impos'd 
Labour, as to debar us when we need 
Refrefliment, whether food, or talk between. 
Food of the mind, or this fweet intercourfe 
Of looks and fmiles ; for Imiles from reafon flow, 
To brute deny'd, and are of love the food, 
Love not the loweft end of human life. 
For not to irkfome toil, but to delight 
He made us, and delight to reafon join'd. 
Thefe paths and bowers doubt not, but our joint 


Will keep from wildernefs with eafe,as wide 
As we need walk, till younger hands, e'er long 
Aflift us : but if much convcrfe perhaps 
Thee fatiate, to fhort abfence I could yield : 
For folitude ibmetimes is beft fodety, 
And ftiort retirement urges fweet return. 
But other doubt poifeiTes me, left harm 
Befal thee fever' d from me ; for thou know'ft 
What hath been warn'd us, what malicious foe 
Envying our happinefs, and cf his own 
Defpairing, fecks to work us woe and ihame 
By fly affuult ; and fome where nigh at hand 
Watches, no doubt, with greedy hope to find 
His wifn ai:d beft advantage, us afunder, 
Hopelefs to circumvent us join'd, where each 
To other fpecdy aid might lend at need ; 
Whether his firft defign be to withdraw 
Our fealty from God, or to difturb 
Conjugal love, than which perhaps no blifs 
Enjoy' d by us excites his envy more ; 
Or this, or worfe, leave not the faithful fide 
That gave thee being, ftill fhades thee, and pro- 

The wife, where danger or difticnour lurks, 
Safeft and feemlieft by her liufband ftays, 
Who guards her, or with her the worft endures. 

To whom the virgin majefty of Eve, 
As one who loves, and fome unkindnefs meets, 
With fweet auftere compofure thus reply'd 

Offspring of Heav'n and Earth, and all Earth's 


That fuch an enemy we have, who feeks 
Our ruin, both by thee inform'd I learn, 
And from the parting angel overheard, 
As in a fhady nook I ftood behind, 
Juft then return'd at fliut of evening flowers. 
But that thou ihouldft my firmnefs therefore doubt 
To God or thee, becaufe we have a foe, 
May tempt it, I expected not to hear. 
His violence thou fear*ft not, being fuch 
As we, not capable of death or pain, 
Can either not receive, or can repel. 
His fraud is then thy fear, which plain infers 
Thy equal fear, that my firm faith and love 
Can by his fraud be {haken or feduc'd ; 
Thoughts, which how found they harbour in thy 

Adam, misthought of her to thee fo dear ? 

To whom, with healing words, Adam reply'd ; 
Daughter of God and Man, immortal Eve, 

E iiij 



For fuch thou art, from fin and blame entire : 

Not diffident of thee do I diffuade 

Thy abfence from my fight, but to avoid 

Th' attempt itfelf intended by our foe. [perfes 

For he who tempts, though in vain, at af- 

The tempted with difhonour foul, fuppos'd 

Not incorruptible of faith, not proof 

Againft temptation : thou thyfelf, with fcorn 

And anger, wouldft refent theoffer'd wrong, 

Tho' ineffectual found : mifdeem not then, 

If fueh affront I labour to avert 

From thee alone, which on us both at once 

The enemy, tho' bold, will hardly dare, 

Or daring, firfc on me th' attempt fhall light, 

Nor thou his malice and falfe guile, contemn ; 

Subtile he needs muft be, who could feduce 

Angels ; nor think fuperfiuous others aid. 

I from the influence of thy looks receive 

.r\ccefs in every -virtue, in thy fight 

More wife, more watchful, Wronger, if need were 

Of outward ftrength ; while fhame, thou looking 

han-?e to be overcome 6r over-reach' d [on, 

Would utmoft vigour raife, and rais'd, unite. 

Why fhculdft not thou like fenfe within thee feel 

When I am prefent, and thy trial choofe 

With me, heft witnefs of thy virtue try'd ? 

So fpake domeftic Adam in his care 
And matrimonial love ; but Eve, who thought 
Lefs attributed to her faith fincere, 
Thus her reply, with accent fweet, rencw'd. 

If this be our condition, thus to dwell 
In narrow circuit ftraiten'd by a foe, 
Subtile or violent, we not indued 
tingle with like defence, wherever met. 
How- are we harpy, ftill in frar of harm ? 
But harm precedes not fin : only our foe 
Tempting affronts us with his foul effceem 
Cf cur integrity : his foul cite em 
.Sticks no difhononr on our front, but turns 
Foul en himfelf ; then wherefore fliunn'd or fear'd 
By us ? who rather double honour gain 
From his furrnife prov'd falfe, find peace within, 
Favour from Heav'n, or witnefs from th' event. 
And what is faith, love, virtue unafiay'd 
Alone, without exterior help fuflaiii'd ? 
Let us not then fufpeic our happy Hate 
Left fo imperfecl by the Maker wife, 
' As not fecure to fingle or combin'd. 
Frail is our happinefs, if this be fo, 
And Eden were no Eden thus expos'd. 

To whom thus Adam fervently reply'd r 
O Woman, beft are all things as the will 
Of God ordain'd them ; his creating hand 
Nothing imperfect or deficient left 
Of all that he created, much lefs man, 
Or ought that might his happy ft ate fecure, 
Secure from outward force ; within himfelf 
The danger lies, yet lies within his power : 
Againft his will he can receive no harm. 
But God left free the will, for what obeys 
Reafon, is free, and Reafon he made right, 
But bid her well beware, and ftill ere<5t, 
Left, by fome fair appearing good furpris'd, 
She dictate falfe, and mifinform the will, 
To do what God exprefsly hath forbid. 

Not rhen miftrvfl, but tender love injoins, 

That 1 fhould mind thee oft, and mind thou me. 

Firm we fubfift, yet poffiole to fwerve, 

Since reafon not impoffibly may meet 

Some, fpecious object by the foe fuborn'd, 

And fall into deception unaware, 

Not keeping ftricleft watch, as fhe was warn'd. 

Seek not temptation then, which to avoid 

Were better, and moil likely, if from me, 

Thou fever not : trial will ccme unfo light. 

Wouldft thou approve thy coriftancy, approve 

Firft thy obedience ; th' other who can know ? 

Not feeing thee attempted, who atteft ? 

But if thou think, trial unfought may find 

Us both fecurer than thus warn'd thou feem'ft. 

Go ; for thy ftay, not free, abfents thee more ; 

Go in thy native innocence, rely 

On what thou haft of virtue, iumrnon all ; 

For God tow'rdsthei: hath done his part ; do thine. 

So ip.ake tfie Patriarch of Mankind ; but Eve 
Pevfifted, yet fubmiis, though laft, reply'd: 

With thy permifilon then, arid thus fotewarnM 
Chicfiy by what thy own laft reafoning words 
Toucli'd only, that our trial, when leaft fought, 
May find us both perhaps far lefs prepar'd, 
The willinger I go, nor much expect 
A foe Ib proud will firft the weaker feek ; 
So l.cnt, the more fhall fhame him his repulfe. 

Thus faying, from her hufband's hand her 


Soft fhe withdrew; and, like a wood-nymph light, 
Oread or Dryad, or of Delia's train, 
Betook her to the groves, but Delia's felf 
In gate furpafs'd, and goddcfs-like deport, 
Tho' not as he with bow and quiver arm'd 
BU: with fuch gurci'mng tools as art, yet rude, 
Grildefs of fire, had form'd, or Angels brought. 
To Pales or Pomona, thus adorn'd, 
Likeft fhe ieeni'd ; Pomona, when fhe fled 
Vi.:rtnmnus,*er to Ceres in her prime, 
Yet virgin of Profeipina from Jove. 
Ht-.r long with ardent lock his eye purfu'd 
Delighted, but defiring more her ftay. 
Oft he to her his charge of quick return 
Repeated, fhe to him as oft engag'd 
To be rcturn'd by noon amid the bower, 
And all things in beft order to invite 
Noon-tide repaft, or afternoon's repofe. 

much dcceiv'd, much failing, haplefs five, 

01 thy prefuni'd return ! event perverfe ! 
Thou never from that hour in Paradife 
Found'ft either fweet repaft, or found repofe : 
Such ambufh hid among fweet flow'rs and ihacle* 
Waited with hellifh rancour imminent 

'Fo intercept thy way, or fend thee back 
Defpoil'd of innocence, of faith, of hlifs. 
For now, and fmce firft break of dawn, the Fiend, 
Mere ferpent in appearance, forth was come, 
And on bis queft, where liklieft be might find 
The only two of mankind, but in them 
The whole included race, his purpos'd prey. 
In bower and field he fought where any tu 
Of grove or garden plot more pkafant lay, 
Their tendence or plantation for delight ; 
By fountain or by fcady rivulet 


He fought them both, but wifh'd his hap might 
Eve feparate; he wifh'd, but not with hope [find 
Of what fo feldom chanc'd, when to his wifh, 
Beyond his hope, Eve feparate he fpies, 
Veil'd in a cloud of fragrance, where fhe flood, 
Half fpy'd, fo thick the rofes blufhing round 
About her glow'd, oft {looping to fupport 
Each flower of flender flalk, whofe head, though 

Carnation, purple', azure, or fpeck'd with gold, 
Hung drooping unfuftahi'd ; them fhe upfUys 
Gently with myrtle band, mindlcfs the while 
Herfelf, tho' faireft unfupported flower, 
From her beft prop fo far, and ftorm fo nigh. 
Nearer he drew, and many a walk travers'd 
Of ftatelieft covert, cedar, pine, or palm, 
Then voluble and bold, now hid, now feen 
Among thick-woven arborets and flowers 
Imborder'd on each bank, the hand of Eve : 
Spot more delicious than thofe gardens feign'd, 
Or of reviv'd Adonis, or reriown'd 
Alcinous, hoft of old Laertes' fen, 
Or that, not my flic, where the Sapient king 
Held dalliance with his fair Egyptian fpoufe. 
Much he the place admir'd, the perfon more, 
As one who long in populous city pent, 
Where houfes thick and fewers annoy the air, 
Forth ifluing on a fummer's morn to breathe 
Among the pleafant villages and farms 
Adjoin'd, from each thing met conceives delight, 
The fhiell of grain, or tedded grafs, or kine, 
Or dairy', each rural fight, each rural found ; 
If chance, with nymph-like flep,fair virgin pafs, 
What pleafing feem'd, for her now pleafes more, 
She moft, and in her look fums all delight : 
Such pleafure took the ferpent to behold 
This flowery plat, the fweet recefs of Eve 
Thus early, thus alone ; her heav'nly form 
Angelic, but more foft and feminine, 
HCT graceful innocence, her every air 
Of geflure or leaft action overaw'd 
His malice, and with rapine fweet bereavM 
His fiercenefs of the fierce intent it brought : 
That fpace the Evil-one abftracted ftood 
From his own evil, and for the time remain'd 
Stupidly good, of enmity difarm'd, 
Of guile, of hate, of envy, of revenge ; 
But the hot hell that always in him burns, 
Tho' in mid Heav'n, foon ended his delight, 
And tortures him now more, the more he fees 
Of pleafure not for him ordain'd : then foon 
Fierce hate he recollecls, and all his thoughts 
Of mifchief, gratulating, thus excites. [fweet 
Thoughts, whither have ye led me ! with what 
Compulfion thus tranfported to forget 
What hither brought us! hate, not love, nor hope, 
Of Paradiie for Hell, hope here to tafte 
- Of pleafure, but all pleafure to deftroy, 
Save what is in deftroying ; other joy 
To me is loft. Then let me not let pafs 
Occafion, which now fmiles ; behold alone 
The Woman, opportune to all attempts, 
Her hufband ; for I view far round, not nigh, 
Whofe higher intelledlual more I fhun, 
And flrength, of courage haughty, and of limb 

Heroic built, tho' of terreftrial mould, 
Foe not informidable, exempt from wound, 
I not ; fo much hath Hell debas'd, and pain 
fnfeebled me, to what I was in Heav'n. 
She fair, divinely fair, fit love for gods, 
Not terrible, tho' terror be in love 
And beauty, not approach'd by ftronger hate y 
Hate ftronger, under fhew of love well feign'd, 
The way which to her fuin now I tend. 

So fpake the enemy' of mankind, incios'd 
In ferpent, inmate bad, and tow'rd Eve 
Addrefs'd his way, not with indented wave, 
Prone on the ground, as fmce, but on his rear, 
Circular bafe of rifing folds, that tower'd 
Fold above fold, a furging maze, his head 
Crefled aloft, and carbuncle his eyes ; 
With burnifh'd neck of verdant gold, ercA 
Amidfl his" circling fpires, that on the gr?.fs 
Floated redundant : pleafing was his fhape 
And lovely ; never fince of ferpent kind 
Lovelier, not thofe that in Illyria chang'd 
Hermione and Cadmus, or the God 
In Epidaurus ; nor to which transform'd 
Ammonian Jove, or Capitoline was feen, 
He with Olympias, this with her who bore 
Scipio the height of Rome. With tracl oblique 
At firft, as one who fought accefs, but fear'd 
To interrupt, fide-long he works his way: 
As when a ihip, by fkilful fteerlrnan wrought 
Nigh river's mouth, or foreland, where the wind 
Veers oft, as oft fo fleers and fhifts her fail : 
So varied he, and of his tortuous train 
Curl'd many a wanton wreath in fight of Eve,. 
To lure her eye ; fhe, bufied, heard the found 
Of ruflling leaves, but minded not, as us'd 
To fuch difport before her through the field, 
From every beafl, more duteous at her call 
Than at Circean call the herd difguis'd. 
He bolder now, uncall'd before her flood, 
But as in gaze admiring : oft he bow'd 
His turret creft, and fleek enamel'd neck, 
Fawning, and lick'd the ground whereon fhe trod. 
His gentle dumb expreflion turn'd at length 
The eye of Eve to mark his play ; he, glad 
Of her attention gain'd, with ferpent tongue 
Organic, or impulfe of vocal air, 
His fraudulent temptation thus began : 

Wonder not, fov'reign Miflrefs, if perhaps. 
Thou canft, who art fole wonder ; much lefs arm 
Thy looks, the heav'n of mildnefs, with difdain,. 
Difpleas'd that I approach thee thus, and gaze 
Infatiate ; I thus fingle, nor have fear'd 
Thy awful brow, more awful thus retir'd. 
Fairefl refemblance of thy Maker fair, 
Thee all things living gaze on, all things thine 
By gift, and thy celeftial beauty' adore, 
With ravifhment beheld, there beft beheld 
Where univerfally admir'd ; but here 
In this inclofure wild, thefe beafts among, 
Beholders rude, and fhallow to difcern 
Half what in thee is fair, one man except, 
Who fees thee' ? (and what is one ?) who fhouldit 

be feen 

A goddefs among gods, ador'd and ferv'd 
By angels numberkfsi. thy daily train. 


Book IX. 

So gloz'd the tempter, and his proem tun'd ; 
Into the heart of Eve his words made way, 
Tho' at the voice much marvelling ; at length, 
[Not unamaz'd, (he thus in anfwer fpake : 
What may this mean ? language of man pro- 


By tongue of brute, and human fenfe exprefs'd ? 
The firft at leaft of thefe I thought deny'd 
To beafts, whom God, on their creation-day, 
Created mute to all articulate found ; 
The latter I demur ; for in their looks 
Much reas'n, and in their actions oft appears. 
Thee Serpent, fubt'left beaft of all the field, 
I knew, but not with human voice indu'd ; 
Redouble then this miracle, and fay, 
How cam'ft thou fpeakable of mute, and how 
To me fo friendly grown above the reft 
Of brutal kind, that daily are in fight ? 
Say ; for fuch wonder claims attention due. 

To whom the guileful tempter thus reply'd : 
Emprefs of this fair world, refplendent Eve, 
Eafy to me it is to tell thee all 
What thou command'!!, and right thou fhouldft 

be obey'd : 

I was at firft as other beafts that graze 
The trodden herb, of abject thoughts and low 
As was my food ; nor ought but food difcern'd 
Or fex, and apprehended nothing high : 
Till on a day roving the field, I chanc'd 
A goodly tree far diftant to behold, 
Loaden with fruit of faireft colours mix'd, 
Ruddy and gold : I nearer drew to gaze ; 
When from the Jjoxighs a fkvoury odour blown, 
Grateful to appetite, more pleas'd my fenfe 
Than fmell of fweeteft fennel, or the teats 
Of ewe or goat dropping with milk at even, 
Unfuck'd of lamb or kid, that tend their play. 
To fatisfy the {harp defire 1 had 
Of tafting thofe fair apples, I refolv'd 
Not to defer ; hunger and thirft at once, 
Powerful perfuaders, quicken'd at the fcent 
Of that alluring fruit, urg'd me fokeen. 
About the moffy trunk I wound me loon ; 
For high from ground the branches would require 
Thy utmoft reach, or Adam's : round the tree 
All other beafts that faw, with like defire 
ponging and envying flood, but could not reach 
Amid the tree now got, where plenty hung 
Tempting fo nigh, to pluck and eat my fill 
I fpar'd not ; for fuch pleafure till that hour 
At feed or fountain never had I found. 
Sated at length, e'er long I might perceive 
Strange alteration in me, to degree 
Of reafon in my inward powers, and fpeech 
Wanted not long, tho' to this fhape retain'd. 
Thenceforth to fpeculations high or deep 
I turn'd my thoughts, and with capacious mind 
Confider'd all things viable in Heav'n, 
Or earth, or middle, all things fair and go'od ; 
But all that fair and good in thy divine 
Semblance, and in thy beauty's heav'nly ray 
United I beheld ; no. fair to thine 
Equivalent or fecond, which compell'd 
Me thus, tho' importune perhaps, to come 
And gaze, and worihip thee of right dcclar'd 

Sov'reign of creatures, univerfal dame. 

So talk' d the fpirited fly fnake ; and Eve 
Yet more amaz'd unwary thus, reply'd : 
Serpent, thy overpraifing leaves in doubt 
The virtue of that fruit, in thee firft prov'd : 
But fay where grows the tree, from hence how far? 
For many are the trees of God that grow 
In Paradife, and various, yet unknown 
To us, in fuch abundance lies our choice, 
As leaves a greater ftore of fruit untouch'd, 
Still hanging incorruptible, till men 
Grow up to their provifion, and more hands 
Help to difburden Nature of her birth. 

To whom the wily adder, blkhe and glad : 
Emprefs, the way is ready, and not long ; 
Beyond a row of myrtles, on a flat, 
Faft by a fountain, one fmall thicket paft 
Of blowing myrrh and balm ; if thou accept 
My conduct, I can bring thee thither foon. 
Lead then, faid Eve. He leading fwiftly roll'd 
In tangels, and made intricate feem ftraight, 
To mifchief fwift. Hope elevates, and joy 
Brightens his creft. As when a wand'ring fire, 
Compact of unctuous vapour, which the night 
Condenfes, and the cold environs round, 
Kindled, through agitation, to a flame, 
Which oft, they fay, fome evil fp'rit attends 
Hovering and blazing, with delufive light, 
Mifleads th' amaz'd night-wand'rer from his way, 
To bogs and mires, and oft through pond or 


There fwallow'd up and loft, from fuccour far. 
So glifter'd the dire fnake, and into fraud 
Led Eve, our credulous mother, to the tree 
Of prohibition, root of all our woe ; 
Which when fhe faw, thus to her guide fhe fpake : 

Serpent, we might have fpar'd our coming hi 

Fruitlefs to me, tho' fruit be here t' excefs, 
The credit of whofe virtue reft with thee, 
Wond'rous indeed, if caufe of fuch effects. 
But of this tree we may not tafte nor touch ; 
God fo commanded, and left that command 
Sole daughter of his voice ; the reft, we live 
Law to ourfelves, our reafon is our law. 

To whom the Tempter guilefully reply'd : 
Indeed ? hath God then faid, that of the fruit 
Of all thefe garden trees ye fhall not eat, 
Yet lords declar'd of all in earth or air ? 

To whom thus Eve, yet finlefs. Of the fruit 
Of each tree in the garden we may eat, 
But of the fruit of this fair tree amidft 
The garden, God hath faid, Ye fhall not eat 
Thereof, nor fhall ye touch it, left ye die. 

She fcarce had faid, though brief, when now 

more bold 

The Tempter, but, with fhew of zeal and love, 
To man, and indignation at his wrong, 
New part puts on, and as to paflion mov'd, 
Fluctuates difturb'd, yet comely and in act 
Rais'd, as of fome great matter to begin. 
As when of old fome orator renown'd 
In Athens or free Rome, where eloquence 
Flourifh'd, fince mute, to fome great caufe ad- 

Book IX. 


Stood in himfelf collected, while each part, 
Motion, each act won audience, e'er the tongue, 
Sometimes in height began, us no delay 
Of preface brooking through his zeal of right : 
So ftanding, moving, or to height up grown, 
The Tempter, all impafiiou'd, thus began : 

O facred, wife, and wiidom-giving Plant, 
Mother of Science, now I feel thy power 
Within me clear, not only to difcern 
Things in their caufes, but to trace the ways 
Of higheft agents, deem'd however wife. 
Queen of this univerfe, do not believe 
Thofe rigid threats of death ; ye {hall not die : 
How fhould you ? by the fruit ? it gives you life 
To knowledge ; by the Threat'ner ? look on me, 
Me who have touch' d and tafted, yet both live, 
And life more perfect have attain'd than Fate 
Meant me, by vent'ring higher than my lot. 
Shall that be fhut to man, which to the beaft 
Is open ? or will God incenfe his ire 
For fuch a petty trefpafs, and not praife 
Rather your dauntlefs virtue, whom the pain 
Of death denounc'd, whatever thing death be, 
Deterr'd not from achieving what might lead 
To happier life, knowledge of good and evil ; 
Of Good, how juft ? of evil, if what is evil 
Be real, why not known, fince eafier fhunn'd : 
God therefore cannot hurt you, and be juil ; 
Not juft, not Gqd ; not fear'd then, nor obey'd : 
Your fear itfelf of death removes the fear. 
Why then was this forbid ? why, but to awe, 
Why but to keep thee low and ignorant, 
His worfhippers ; he knows that in the day 
Ye eat thereof, your eyes that feem fo clear, 
Yet are but dim, fhall perfectly be then 
Open'd and clear'd, and ye fhall be as gods, 
Knowing both good and evil, as they know. 
That ye fliall be as gods, fince I as man, 
Internal man, is but proportion meet ; 
I of brute human, ye of human gods, 
So ye fliall die perhaps, by putting off 
Human, to put on gods ; death to he wifh'd, 
Tho' threaten'd, which no worfe than this can 


And what are gods, that man may not become 
As they, participating god-like food ? 
The gods are firft, and that advantage ufe 
On our belief, that all from them proceeds : 
1 queftion it ; for this fair earth I lee, 
Warm'd by the fun, producing every kind, 
Them nothing : if they all things, who inclos'd 
Knowledge of good and evil in this tree, 
That whofo eats thereof, forwith attains 
Wifdom without their leave ? and wherein lies 
Th' offence, that man fhould thus attain to 

know ? 

What can your knowledge hurt him, or this tree 
Impart againft his will, if all be his I 
Or is it envy, and can envy dwell 
In heav'nly breafts ? thefe, thefe and many more 
Caufes import your need of this fair fruit. 
Goddefs humane, reach then, and freely tafte. 

He ended ; and his words, replete with guile, 
Into her heart too eafy entrance won : 
Jix'd on the fruk fhe gaz'd, whigh to behold 

Might tempt alone, and in her ears the found 
Yet rung of his perfuafive words, impregn'd 
With reafon, to her feeming, and with truth ; 
Meanwhile the hour of noon drew on, and wak'd 
An eager appetite, rais'd by the fmeil 
So favoury of that fruit, which with defire, 
Inclinable now grown to touch or tafte, 
Solicited her longing eye ; yet firft 
Paufing a while, thus to herfelf fhe mus'd : 

Great are thy virtues, doubtlefs, beft of .fruits, 
Tho' kept from man, and worthy to be' admir'd, 
Whofe tafte, too long forborn, at firft affay 
Gave elocution to the mute, and taught 
The tongue not made for fpeech to f'peak thy 

praife : 

Thy praife he alfo who forbids thy ufe,. 
Conceals not from us, naming thee the Tree 
Of Knowledge, knowledge both of good and evil ; 
Forbids us then to tafte ; but his forbidding 
Commends thee more, while it infers the good 
By thee communicated, and our want : 
For good unknown, fure is not had, or had 
And yet unknown, is as not had at all. 
In plain, then, what forbids he but to know. 
Forbids us good, forbids us to be wife ? 
Such prohibitions bind not. But if death 
Binds us with after-bands, what profits then 
Our inward freedom ? In the day we eat 
Of this fair fruit, our doom is, we fhall die '. 
How dies the ferpent ? he hath eat'n and lives, 
And knows, and fpeaks, and reaibns, and difctrns, 
Irrdtional till then. For us alone 
Was death invented ? or to us deny'd 
This intellectual food, for beafls referv'd ? 
For beafts it feems : yet that one beaft whick 


Ha-th tafted, envies not, but brings with joy 
The good befaH'n him, author unfufpecl:, 
Friendly to man, far from deceit or guile. 
What fear I then ? rather what know to fear 
Under this ignorance of good and evil, 
Of God or death, of law or penalty ? 
Here grows the cure of all, this fruit divine, 
Fair to the eye, inviting to the tafte, 
Of virtue to make wife : what hinders then 
To reach, and feed at once both body' and mind ? 

So faying, her rafh hand, in evil hour, 
Forth reaching to the fruit, fhe pluck'd, fhe eat : 
Earth felt the wound, and Nature from her feat 
Sighing through all her works, gave figns of 


That all was loft. Back to the thicket flunk 
The guilty ferpent, and well might ; for Eve 
Intent now wholly on her tafte, nought elfe 
Regarded, fuch delight till then, as feenvd, 
In fruit flie never tafted, whether true 
Or fancy'd fo, through expectation high 
Of knowledge; nor was God-head from her 


Greedily fhe ingorg'd without reftraint, 
And knew r not eating death ; fatiate at length, 
And heighten'd, as with wine, jocund and boon, 
Thus to .herfelf fhe pleafingly began : 

O fov'reign, virtuous, precious of all trees 
In Paradife, of operation blefs'd. 


Boot IX. 

To faplence, hitherto obfeur'd infam'd, 

And thy fair fruit let hang, as to no end 

Created ; but henceforth my early care, 

Not without fong, each morning;, and clue praife, 

Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden eafe 

Of thy full branches offer 'd free to all ; 

Till dieted by thee I grow mature 

In knowledge, as the gods, who all things know ; 

Tho* others envy what they cannot give ; 

For had the gift been theirs, it had not here 

Thus grown. Experience, next to thee, I owe, 

Beft guide ; not following thee, I had remain'd 

In ignorance ; thou open'ft wifdom's way, 

And giv'ft accefs, tho' fecret fhe retire, 

And I perhaps am fecret ; Heav'n is high, 

High, and remote to fee from thence diftincl 

Each thing- on Earth : and other care perhaps 

May have diverted from continual watch 

Our great Forbidder, fafe with all his fpies 

About him. But to Adam in what fort 

Shall I appear ? fhall I to him make known 

As yet my change, and give him to partake 

Full happinefs with me, or rather not, 

But keep the odds of knowledge in my power 

Without copartner ? fo to add what wants 

In female fex, the more to draw his love, 

And render me more equal, and perhaps, 

A thing not undefirable, fometime 

Superior ; for inferior who is free ; 

This may be \vell : but what if God have feen, 

And death enfue ? then I fhall be" no more, 

And Adam wedded to another Eve, 

Shall live with her enjoying, I extinct ; 

A death to think. Confirm'd then I refolve, 

Adam fhall fhare with me in blifs or woe : 

So dear I love him, that with him all deaths 

I could endure, without him live no life. 

So faying, from the tree her ftep fhe turn'd ; 
But firft low reverence done, as to the power 
That dwelt within, whole prei'ence had infus'd 
Into the plant fciential lap, deriv'd 
From neclar, drink of gods. Adam the while 
Waiting defirous her return, had wove 
Of choiceft flowers a garland to adorn 
Her treffes, and her rural labours crown, 
As reapers oft are wont their harveft queen. 
Great joy he promis'd to his thoughts, and new 
Solace in her return, fo long delay 'd ; 
Yet oft his heart, divine of fomething ill, 
Mifgave him ; he the fait' ring meafure felt 
And forth to meet her went, the way fhe took 
That morn when firft they parted ; by the tree 
Of knowledge he muft pafs, there he her met, 
Scarce from the tree returning ; in her hand 
A bough of faireft fruit, that downy fmil'd, 
New gather'd, and ambrofial fmell diffus'd. 
To him fhe hailed ; in her face excufe 
Came prologue, and apology too prompt, 
Which with bland words at will fhe tints ad- 

Haft thou not wonder'd, Adam, at my ftay ? 
Thee I have mifs'd, and thought it long, deprived 
Thy prefence, agony of love till now 
Not felt, nor fhall be twice, for never more 
Mean I to try, -what rafh untry'd I fought, 

The pain of abfence from thy fight. But ftrange 

Hath been the caufe, and wonderful to hear : 

This tree is not as we are told, a tree 

Of danger tafted, nor to evil unknown 

Opening the way, but of divine effect 

To open eyes, and make them gods/who tafte ; 

And hath been tafted fuch ; the ferpent wife, 

Or not reftrain'd as we, or not obeying, 

Hath eaten of the fruit, and is become, 

Not dead, as we are threaten'd, but thenceforth 

Indued with human voice and human icnfe, 

Reafoning to admiration, and with me 

Perfuafi vely hath fo prevail'd, that I 

Have alfo tafted, and have alfo found 

Th' effects to correfpond, opener mine eyes, 

Dim erft, dilated ipirits, ampler heajt, 

And growing up to Godhead ; which for thee 

Chiefiy I fought, without thee can dtfpife. 

For blifs, as thou haft part, to me is blifs, 

Tedious, unihar'd with thee, and odious foon. 

Thou therefore alfo tafte, that equal lot 

May join us, equal joy, as equal love ; 

Left thou not tafting, different degree 

Disjoin us, and I then too late renounce 

Deify for thee, when Fate will not permit. 

Thus Eve with count'nance blithe her ftory 

told ; 

But in her cheek diftemper flufhir.g-glow'd. 
On the other fide, Adam, foon as he heard 
The fatal trefpafs done by Eve, amaz'd, 
Aftonied flood and blank, while horror chill 
Ran through his veins, and all his joints relax'd ; 
From his flack hand the garland wrcath'd for Eve 
Down dropt, and all the -faded rofes flied : 
Spec-chief's he flood and pale, till thus at length 
Firft to himfelf he inward filence broke : 

O faireft of Creation, laft and beft 
Of all God's works, creature in whom excelPd 
Whatever can to fight or thought be form'd, 
Holy, divine, good, amiable, or fwect! 
How art thou loft, how on a fudden loft, 
Defac'd, deflower'd, and now to death devote ? 
Rather how haft thou yielded to 
The ftricl forbiddance, how to violate 
The facred fruit forbidd'n ? fome curfed fraud 
Of enemy hath begun" d thee, yet unknown, 
And me with thee hath ruin'd, for with thee 
Certain my refolution is to die ; 
How can I live without thee, how forego 
Thy fweet converfe, and love fo dearly jorn'd,' 
To live again in thefe wild woods forlorn ? 
Should God create another Eve, and I 
Another rib afford, yet lofs of thee 
Would never from my heart ; no no, I feel 
The link of nature draw me : fiefh of fiefh, 
Bone of my bone thbu art, and from thy ftatc 
Mine never fhall be parted, blifs or woe. 

So having faid, as one from fad difmay 
Recomforted, and after thoughts difturb'd 
Submitting to what feem'd remedilefs, 
Thus in calm mood his words to Eve he turn'd : 

Bold deed thou haft prefum'd, advent'rou* 


And peril great provok'd, who thus haft dar d 
Had it been only coveting to eye 

tk IX. 


That facred fruit facred to abftinence, 

Much more to tafte it under ban to touch. 

But paft who can rccal, or done undo ? 

Nor God omnipotent, nor Fate ; yet fo 

Perhaps thou {halt not die, perhaps the fact 

Is not fo heinous now, foretafted fruit, 

Profan'd firft by the ferpent, by him firft 

Made common and unhallow'd e'er our tafte ; 

Nor yet on him found deadly, he yet lives, 

Lives as thou faidft, and gains to live as man 

Higher degree of life, inducement ftrong 

To us, as likely tafting to attain 

Proportional aicent, which cannot be 

But to be gods, or angels demi-gods. 

Nor can I think that God, Creator wife, 

Though threat'ning, will in earneft fo deftroy 

Us his prime creatures, dignify fo high, 

Set over all his works, which in our fall, 

For us created, needs with us mult fail, 

Dependent made ; fo God fhall uncreate, 

Be fruftrate, do, undo, and labour lofe, 

Not well conceiv'd of God, who though his power 

Creation could repeat, yet would be loath 

Us to abolifh, left the Adverfary 

Triumph and fay ; fickle their ftate whom God 

Moft favours ; who can pleafe him long ? Me 


He ruin'd, now mankind ; whom will he next ? 
Matter of fcorn, not to be given the foe. 
However, I with thee have fix'd my lot, 
Certain to undergo like doom ; if death 
Confort with thee, death is to me as life ; 
So forcible within my heart I feel 
The bond of Nature draw me to my own, 
My own in thee, for what thou art is mine ; 
Our ftate cannot be ferver'd, we are one, 
One flefh ; to lofe thee were to lofe myfelf. 
So Adam ; and thus Eve to him reply'd : 
O glorious trial of exceeding love, 
Illuftrious evidence, example high ! 
^Engaging me to emulate, but fhort 
Of thy perfection, how fhall I attain, 
Adam ? from whofe deur fide I boaft me fprung, 
And gladly of our union hear thee fpeak, 
One heart, one foul in both ; whereof good proof 
This day affords, declaring thee refolv'd, 
Rather than death or ought than death more dread 
Shall feparate us, link'd in love fo dear. 
To undergo with me one guilt, one crime, 
If any be, of tafting this fair fruit, 
Whofe virtue (for of good ftill good proceeds, 
Direct, or by occafion) hath prefented 
This happy trial of thy love, which elfe 
So eminently never had been known. 
Were it I thought death menac'd would enfue 
This my attempt, I would fuftain alone 
The worft, and not perfuade thee, rather die 
Deferted, than oblige thee with a fact 
Pernicious to thy peace, chiefly affur'd 
Remarkably fo late of thy fo true, 
So faithful love unequal'd ; but I feel 
Far otherwife th' event, not death, but life 
Augmented, open'd eyes, new hopes, new joys, 
Tafte fo divine, that what of fweet before 
Hath touch'd my fenfe. flat feeras to this, and harfh, 

3n my experience, Adam, freely taflf, 
And fear of death deliver to the winds. 

So faying, fhe embrac'd him, and for joy 
Tenderly wept, much won that he his love 
Had fo ennobled, as of choice to incur 
Divine difpleafure for her fake, or death. 
[n recompenfe (for fuch compliance bad 
Such rccompence beft merits) from the bough 
>he gave him of that fair enticing fruit 
With liberal hand : he fcrupled not to eat 
Againft his better knowledge, not deceiv'd, 
But fondly overcome with female charm. 
Earth trembled from her entrails, as again 
In pangs, and Nature gave a fecond groan, 
(Icy lour'd, and, muttring thunder, fome fad-drops 
Wept at completing of the mortal fin 
Original ; while Adam took no thought, 
Eating his fill, nor Eve to iterate 
Her former trefspafs fear'd, the more to footh 
Him with her lov'd fociety, that now 
As with new wine intoxicated both 
They fwim in mirth, and fancy that they feel 
Divinity within them breeding wings, 
Wherewith to fcorn the Earth : but that falfe fruit 
Far other operation firft difplay'd, 
Carnal defire inflaming ; he on Eve 
Began to caft lafcivious eyes, fhe him 
As wantonly repaid ; in luft they burn : 
Till Adam thus 'gan Eve to dalliance move. 

Eve, now I fee thou art exadl of tafte, 
And elegant, of fapience no fmall part, 
Since to each meaning favor we apply, 
And palate call judicious ; I the praife 
Yield thee, fo well this day thou haft purvey'd. 
Much plealure we have loft, while we abftain'd 
From this delightful fruit, nor known till now 
True relifh, tafting ; if fuch pleafure be 
In things to us forbidd'n, it might be wifh'd, 
For this one tree, had been forbidden ten. 
But come, fo well refrefh'd, now let us play, 
As meet is, after fuch delicious fare ; 
For never did thy beauty fince the day 
I faw thee firft and wed'ded thee, adorn'd 
With all perfections, fo inflame my fenfe 
With ardour to enjoy thee, fairer now 
Than ever, bounty of this virtuous tree. 

So faid he ; and forebore not glance or toy 
Of amorous intent, well underftood 
Of Eve, whofe eye darted contagious fire. 
Her hand he feis'd, and to a fhady bank, 
Thick overheard with verdant roof imbower'd, 
He led her nothing loath ; flowers were the couch, 
Panfies and violets, and afphodel, 
And hyacinth, Earth's frefheft fofteft lap. 
There they their fill of love and love's difport 
Took largely, of their mutual guilt the feal, 
The folace of their fin, till dewy fleep 
Opprefs'd them, wearied with their amorous play. 
Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit, 
That with exhilerating vapour bland 
About their fp'rits had play'd, and inmoft powers 
Made err, was now exhal'd ; and grolTer fleep 
Bred of unkindly fumes, with confcious dreams 
Incumber'd, now had left them ; up they rofe 
As from wnreft, and each the other viewing, 


Boot IX- 

Soon fonnd tlreir eyes how open'd, and their mind 

How darken'd ; Innocence, that as a veil 

Had fhadow'd them from knowing ill, was gone, 

Juft confidence, and native righteoufaefs, 

And honour from about them, naked left 

To guilty ihame ; he cover'd, but his robe 

Uncover'd more. So rofe the Danite ftrong 

Herculian Samfon from the harlot lap 

Of Philiftean Dalilah, and wak'd 

Shorn of his flrength, they deftitute and bare 

Of all their virtue : filent, and in face 

Confounded long they fat, as ftrucken mute, 

Till Adam, though not lefs than Eve abafh'd, 

A length gave utterance to thefe words con- 


O Eve, in evil hour thou didft give ear 
To that falfe worm, of whomfoever taught 
To counterfeit man's voice, true in our fall, 
Falfe in our promis'd rifing ; fince our eyes 
Open'd we find indeed, and find we know, 
Both good and evil, good loft, and evil got, 
Bad fruit of knowledge, if this be to know, 
Which leaves us naked thus of honour void, 
Of innocence, of faith, of purity, 
Our wonted ornaments now foil'd and ftain'd, 
And in our faces evident the figns 
Of foul concupiicencc ; whence the evil ftore ; 
Ev'n fhame, the lafl of evils ; of the firft 
Be fure then. How fliall I behold the face 
Henceforth of God or Angel, erft with joy 
And rapture ib oft belield ? thofe heav'nly fhapes 
Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze 
Infufferably bright. O might I here 
In fclitude live favage, in fome glade 
Obfcur'd, where higheft woods impenetrable 
To ftar or fun-light, fpread their umbrage broad 
And brown as evening : cover me, ye pines, 
Ye cedars, with innumerable boughs 
Hide me, where I may never fee them more. 
But let us now, as in bad plight, devife 
What beft may for the prefent ferve to hide 
The parts of each from other, that feem moft 
To fhame obnoxious, and unfecmlieft feen ; 
Some tree, whofe broad fmooth leaves together 


And girded on our loins, may cover round 
Thofe middle parts, that this new comer Shame, 
There fit not, and reproach us as unclean. 
So counfel'd he, and both together went 
Into the tbickeft wood ; there feon they choofe 
The fig-tree, not that kind for fruit renown'd, 
But fuch as at this day to Indians known 
In Malabar or Decan, fpreacls her arms 
Branching fo broad and long, that in the ground 
The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow 
About the mother tree, a pillar'd ftmde 
High overarch'd, and echoing walks between ; 
There oft the Indian herdfman fnunning heat 
Shelters in cool, and tends his pafturing herds 
At loopholes cut through thickeft ihade : thofe 


They gather'd, broad as Amazonian targe, 
And with what ikill they had, together fow'd, 
To gird their wafte, vain covering if to hide 
Their guilt and dreaded fhame ; O how unlike 

To that firft naked glory ! Such of late 
Columbus found th' American, fo girt 
With feather'd cindlure, naked elfe and wild 
Among the trees on ifles and woody fhores. 
Thus fenc'd, and as they thought, their ihame in 
Cover'd, but not at reft or eafe of mind, [part 
They fat them down to weep ; nor only tears 
Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worfe within 
Began to rife, high pafuons, anger, hate, 
Miftruft, fufpicion, difcord, and fhook fore 
Their inward ftate of mind, calm region once, 
And full of peace, now toft and turbulent : 
For underftanding rul'd not, and the will 
Heard not her lore, both in fubjecUon now 
To fenfual appetite, who from beneath 
Uiurping over fov'reign reafon claim'd 
Superior fway : from thus diftemper'd breaft, 
Adam, eftrang'd in look and alter'd ftile, 
Speech intermitted thus to Eve renew'd. 

Would thou hadft hearken'd to my wends, and 


With me, as I befought thce, when that ftrange 
Defire of wand'ring this unhappy morn, 
1 know not whence, poffefs'd thee ; we had then 
Remain'd ftill happy, not as now, defpoil'd 
Of all our good, fham'd, naked, miferable. 
Let none henceforth feek needlefs caufe to ap 

The faith they owe ; when earneftly they feek 
Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail. 
To whom fcon mov'd with touch of blame thus 


What words hr:ve pafs'd thy lips, Adam fevere ! 
Imput'ft thou that to my default, or will 
Of wand'ring, as thou call'ft it, which who knows 
But might as ill have happen'd thou being by, 
Or to thyfelf perhaps ? Hadft thou been there, 
Or here th' attempt, thou could'ft not have dif- 


Fraud in the ferpent, fpeaking as he fpake ; 
No ground of enmity between us known, 
Why he fhould mean me ill, or feek to harm. 
Was I to have never parted from thy fide ? 
As good have grown there ftill a lifelefs rib. 
Being as I am, why didft not thou the head 
Command me abfolutely not to go, 
Going into fuch danger us thou faidft ? 
Too facile then thou didft not much gainfay, 
Nay didft permit, approve, and fair difmifu. 
Hadft thou been firm and fix'd in thy diffent, 
Neither had I tranfgrefs'd nor thou with me. 

To whom then firft incens'd Adam reply'd ' 
Is this the Love, is this the recompenfe 
Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve, exprefs'd 
Immutable when thou wert loft, not I, 
Who might have liv'd and joy'd immortal blifs, 
Yet willingly chofe rather death with thee ? 
And am 1 now upbraided as the caufe 
Of thy tranfgrefling ? not enough fevere, 
It feerns, in thy restraint : what could I more ? 
I warn'd thee, I admonifh'd thee, foretold 
The danger, and the lurking enemy 
That lay in wait ; beyond this had been force. 
And force upon free will hath here no place, 
But confidence then bore thee on, fecure 

Book IX. 


Either to meet no danger, or to find 

Matter of glorious trial ; and perhaps 

I alfo err'd in overmuch admiring 

What feem'd in thee fo perfed, that I thought 

No evil durft attempt thee ; but I rue 

that error now, which is become my crime, 

And thou th' accufer. Thus it (hall befal 

Him who to worth in women overtruftlng 
Lets her will rule : reftraint fhe will not brook, 
And left to herfelf, if evil thence enfue, 
he firft h is weak indulgence will accufe. 

Thus they in mutual accufation fpent 
The fruitlcfs hours, but neither felf-condemningi 
And of their vain conteft appear'd no end. 




Man's tranfgreffion known, tne guardian angels forfake Paradifc, and return up to Heaven to approve 
their vigilance, and are approv'd, God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them 
prevented. He fends his Son to judge the tranfgreffors, who defcends and gives fentence according 
ly ; then in pity clothes them both, and reafcends. Sin and Death fitting till then at the gates of 
Hell, by wondrous fympathy feeling the fuccefs of Satan in this new world, and the fin by man there 
committed, refolve to fit no longer confin'd in Hell, but to follow Satan their fire up to the place of 
Man : to make the way eafier from Hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad high-way or 
bridge over Chaos, according to the tracl that Satan firft made ; then preparing for Earth, they 
meet him proud of his fuccefs returning to Hell ; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pan 
demonium, in full affembly relates with heading his fuccefs againft Man ; inftead of applaufe, is en 
tertained with a general hifs by all his audience, transform' d with himfelf alfo fuddenly into ferpents, 
according to his doom given in Paradife ; then deluded with a fhew of the forbidden Tree fpringing 
lip before them, they greedily reaching to take the fruit, chew duft and bitter aflies. The proceed 
ings of Sin and Death ; God foretels the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all 
things ; but for the prefent commands his angels to make feveral alterations in the Heavens and ele 
ments. Adam more and more perceiving his falPn condition, heavily bewails, rejects the condole- 
ment of Eve ; fhe perfifts, and at length appeafes him : then, to evade the curfe likely to fall on 
their offspring, propofes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not, but conceiving better hope, 
puts her in mind of the late promife made them, that her Seed fhould be reveng'd on the ferpent, 
and exhorts her with him to feek peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and fupplication. 

MEAN while the heinous and defpiteful a& 
Of Satan done in Paradife, and how 
He in the ferpent had perverted Eve, 
Her hufband fhe, to tafte the fatal fruit, 
Was known in Heav'n ; for what can 'fcape the eye 
Of God all-feeing, or deceive his heart 
Omnifcient ? who in all things wife and juft, 
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind 
Of Man with ftrength entire, and free will arm'd 
Complete to have difcover'd and repulf'd 
Whatever wiles of foe or feeming friend. 
Fpr ftill they knew, and ought to have flill re- 

The high injunction not to tafte that fruit, 
Whoever tempted ; which they not obeying, 
Incurr'd (what could they lefs ?) the penalty, 
And manifold in fin, deferv'd to fall. 
Up into Heav'n from Paradife in hafte 
Th' angelic guards afcended, mute and fad 
For man, for of his ftate by this they knew, 
Much wond'ring how the fubtle Fiend had ftol'n. 
Entrance unfeen. Soon as the unwelcome news 
From Earth arriv'd at Heaven gate, difpleas'd 
All were who heard ; dim Sadnefs did not fpare 
That time celeftial vifages, yet mix'd 
With pity violated not 'their blifs* 

J x. 

About the new-arriv'd, in multitudes 
Th' ethereal people ran, to hear and know 
How all befel : they row'rds the throne fupreme 
Accountable made halle to make appear 
With righteous plea their utmoft vigilance, 
And eufily apptov'd ; when the Molt High 
Eternal Father, from his fecret cloud, 
Am id ft in thunder utter'd thus his voice. 

AfTenibled Angels, and ye powers return'd 
From unfuccefsful charge, be not difmay'd, 
Nor troubled at thefe tidings from the Earth, 
Which your fincereft care could not prevent, 
Foretold fo lately what would come to pals, 
When firft this Tempter crofs'd the gulf from Hell. 
I told ye then he fhould prevail and fpeed 
On LJs bad' errand, man fliould be feduc'd 
And fluttered out of all, believing lies 
Again ft his Maker ; no decree of mine 
Concurring- to neceffitate his fall, 
Or touch with lighteft moment of impulfe 
His free will, to her own inclining- left 
In even fcale. But fall'n he is, and now 
What refts, but that the mortal ftnt'jnce pafs 
On his truufgrefilon, death denounc'd that di:y ? 
Which he prefumes already vain und void, 
Betaufe not yet inflicted, as lie fear'dj 
By fome immediate itroke ; but icon {hall find 
Forbearance no acquittance e'tr day en.d. 
Juftice fhall not return as bounty fcorn'd. 
But whom feud I to judge them* whom but thee 
Vicegerent Son ? to dice I have transferr'd 
All judgment,- whcth'er in Hcav'n, or Earth or 
Ealy it may be feen that I intend [Hell. 

Mercy collegue with jufhce, fending thee 
Man's friend, his mediator, his defigri'd 
Both ranfome and redeemer voluntary, 
And deitin'd Man. himlelf to judge men fall'n. 

So fpake the Father, and unfolding bright 
Toward the right hand his giory, on the Son 
Blaz'd forth unclouded deity ; he full 
Refplendent all his Father mauifeft 
Exprefs'd, and thus divinely aniwcr'd mild. 

Father Eternal, thine is to decree, 
Mine both in Heav'n and Earth to do thy will 
Supreme, that thou in me thy Son bclov'd 
May'ft ever reft well pleas'd. I go to judge 
On Earth thefe thy tranfgreffors, but thou know'ft, 
Whoever judg'd, the worft on me muft light, 
When time (hall be, for fo I undertook 
Before thee ; and not repeating, this obtain 
Of right, that I may mitigate their doom 
On me deriv'd, yet I (hall temper fo 
Juftice with mercy, as may illuftrate moft 
Them fully fatisfy'd, and thee appeafe. 
Attendance none {hall need, nor train, where none 
Are to behold the judgment, but the judg'd, 
Thofe two ; the third beft abfent is condemn'd, 
Convict by flight, and rebel to all law : 
Conviction to jhe ferpent none belongs. 

Thus faying, from his radiant feat he rofe 
3f high collateral glory : him tin-ones and powers, 
Princedoms, cvv-d dominations miniftrant, 

I\ccomp<,ni<:d to Heav'n gate, from whence 
-<.ien and ail the coajt in profpect lay. 
)own he defceudul Itrait ; tue ipeed pf gods 



Time counts not, though with Avifteft minutes 
Now was the fun in weftern cadence low [wing'd. 
From noon, and gentle airs due at their hour 
To fan the Earth now wak'd, and ufher in 
The ev'ning cool, when he from wrath more cool 
Came the mild judge and interceiTor both 
To fentence Man : the voice of God they heard, 
Now walking in the garden, by foft winds 
Brought to their ears, while day declin'd ; they- 


And from his prefence hid themfclves among 
The thickeft trees, both man and wife, till God 
Approaching, thus to Aduni call'd aloud. 
Where art thou Adam, wont with joy to meet 
My coming feen far off? I mifs thee here, 
Not pleas'd thus entertain'd with folitude, 
Where obvious duty e'er while appear d unfought : 
Or come I lefs confpicuous, or what change 
Ablents thee, or what chance detains ? Come forth. 

He came, and with him Eve, more loath though 


To offend, difcountenanc'd both, and difcompos'd ; 
Love was not in their looks, either to God 
Or to each other, but apparent guilt, 
And fliame, and perturbation, and defpair, 
Anger, and obftinacy, and hate, and guile. 
Whence Adam falt'ring long, thus anfwer'dbrief* 
I heacd thee in the gard'n, and of thy voice 
Afraid, being naked, hid myfelf. To whom 
The gracious judge without revile, reply'd. 
My voice thou oft haft heard, and hail not fear'd, 
But {till rejoic'd : how is it now become 
So dreadful to thee ? that thou art naiked, who 
Hath told thee ? haft thou eaten of the Tree, 
Whereof I gave thee charge thou {houh'.ft not eat ? 

To whom thus Adam fore befct reply'd : 

Heav'n ! in evil ftrait this day I ftand 
Before my Judge, either to undergo 
Myfeif the total crime, of to accufe 
My other felf, the partner of my life ; 
Whofe failing, while her faith to me remains, 

1 {hould conceal, and not expcfe to blame 
By my complaint ; but ftrict necefilty 
Subdues me, and calamitous conflraint, 
Left on my head both fin, and punifhment, 
However infuppcrtable, be all 

Devolv'd ; though mould I hold my peace, yet thou 

Wouldft enfily detect what I conceal. 

This Woman, whom thou madeft to be my help, 

And gav'it me as thy perfect gift, fo good, 

So fit, fo acceptable, fo divine, 

That from her hand I could fufpect no ill, 

And what me did, whatever in itfelf, 

Her doing feem'd to juftify the deed ; 

She gave me of the Tree, and I did eat. 

To whom the Sov'reign Prefence thus reply'd ; 
Was me thy-God, that her thou didft obey 
Before his voice, or was fhe made thy guide, 
Superior, or but equal, that 'to her 
Thou didft- refign thy manhood, and the place 
Wherein God fet thee above her, made of thee, - 
And for thee, whofe perfection far excell'd 
Her's in all real dignity ? Adorn'd 
She was indeed, and lovely to attract 
Thy love, not thy fubjection ; and her gifts 



Were fuch as under government well feem'd, 
Unfeemly to bear rule, which was thy part 
And perfon, hadft thou known thyfelf aright. 

So having faid, he thus to Eve in few. 
$ay, Woman, what is this which thou haft done ? 
To whom fad Eve, with flvame nigh over- 


Confeffing foon, yet not before her Judge 
B"old or loquacious, thus abafh'd reply'd : 
The ferpent me beguil'd, and I did eat. 
Which when the Lord God heard, without delay 
To : judgement he proceeded on th' accus'd 
Serpent though brute, unable to transfer 
The" guilt on him who made Him inurnment 
Of mifchief, and polluted from the end 
Of his creation ; juftly then accurs'd, 
As vitiated in nature : more to know 
Concern'd not man (fmce he no further knew) 
Nor alter'd his offence ; yet God at bft 
To Satan firft in fin his doom apply'd, 
Though in myfterious terms, judg'd as then beft ? 
A'nd on the ferpent thus his curie let fall. 
Becaufe thou haft done this, thou art accurs r d 
Above all cattle, each beaft of the field ; 
Upon thy belly groveling thou lhalt go, 
, And duft fhalt eat all the days of thy life. 
Between thee and the woman I will put 
Enmity, and between thine and her feed ; 
Her feed fliall bruife thy head, thou bruife his heel. 

So fpake this Oracle, then verify 'd 
When Jefus fon of Mary, fecond Eve, 
Saw Satan fall like lightning down from Heav'n, 
Prince of the Air ; then rifing from his grave 
Spoil'd principalities and powers, triumph' d 
Jil'open fliew, and with afcenfion bright 
Captivity led captive through the air, 
The realm" itfelf of Satan long ufurp'd, 
Whom he lhall tread at laft under our feet; 
Ev'n he who now foretold his fatal bruife, 
And to the woman thus his fentence turned, 
Thy forrow I will greatly multiply 
By thy conception ; children thou fliall bring 
In forrow forth ; and to thy hufband's will 
Thine fhall fubmit ; he over thee fhall rule.- 

On Adam laft thus judgment he pronounc'd. 
Becaufe thou haft hearken'd to th' voice of thy wife, 
A'nd eaten of the tree, concerning which 
I charg'd thee, faying, Thou ftialt not eat thereof: 
urs*d is the ground for thy fake ; thou in forrow 
Shalt eat thereof all the days of thy life ; 
Thorns alfo and thirties it lhall- bring thee forth 
Unbid ;'and thou lhalt eat th' herb of the field, 
In the Iweat of thy face lhalt thou eat bread 
Till thou return unto the ground ; for thou 
Out of the, ground waft taken ; know thy birth, 
'For duft thou art, and fhalt to duft return. 

So judg'd he Man, both Judge and Saviour lent 
And th' inftant ftroke of death denounced that 


Rerhov'dfar off; then pitying how they flood 
Beiore him naked to the air, that now 
Muft fufler change, difdain'd not to begin 
Thenceforth the form of fervant to affume, 
As when he wafh'd his fervants feet, fo now 
As fatlitr of his family he clad 

Their nakednefs with flcins of beafts, or flain, 
Or as the fnake with youthful coat repaid ; 
And thought not much to clothe his enemies : 
Nor he their outward only with the flcins 
Of beafts, but inward nakcdiiefs, much more 
Opprobrious, with his robe of righteoufnds 
Arraying, cover'd from his Father's light. 
To him with fwift afcent he up return'd, 
nto his blifsful bofom reaffum'd 
n gloi*y as of old ; to him appeas'd 
\ll,tkough all-knowing, what had pafs'd with marr 
Recounted, mixing interceflion fwect. 
Mean while e'er thus \Vas finn'd and judg'd oa- 


Within the gates of Kell, fat Sin and Death 
ri counterview within the gates, that now 
>tood open wide, belching outrageous flame 
Far into Cha"os, fmce the Fiend pafs'd through, 
Sin opening, who thus now to Death began : 

O Soil, why fit we here each other viewing" 
Idly, while Satan our great author thrives 
In other worlds, and happier feat provides 
For us his offspring dear ? It cannot be 
But that fuccefs attends him ; if mifhap, 
E'er this he had return'd, with fury driven- 
By his avengers, fmce no place like this 
Can fit his punifhment, or their revenge. 
Methinks I feel new ftrength within me rife.. 
Wings growing, and dominion giv'n me large 
Beyond this deep ; whatever draws me on, 
Or fympathy, on fome connatural force 
Powerful at greateft drftance to unite 
With.fecret amity things of like kind 
By fecrettft conveyance. Thou my fhade 
Infeperable mnft with me along : 
For Death from Sin no power can feparate. 
But left the difficulty of paffmg back 
Stay his return perhaps over this gulf 
Impaffablc, impervious, let us try, 
Adventrous work, yet to thy power ^nd mine 
Not unagreeable, to- found a path 
Over thsi main from Hell to that new world 
Where Satan now prevails, a monument 
Of merit high to all th' infernal holt, 
Eafmg their paffage hence, fer intercourfe, 
Or tranfmigration, as their lot fliall lead. 
Nor can I mifs the way, fo ftrongly drawn 
By tbis new felt attraction and inftin5h 

Whom thus the meagre fliadow anfwer'd foon : 
Go whither Fate and inclination ftrong 
Leads thee ; I fhall not lag behind, nor err 
The way, thou leading, fuch a fcent I draw 
Of carnage, prey innumerable, and tafte 
The favor of death from all things there that live : 
Nor fliall I to the work thou enterprifeft 
Be wanting, but afford thee equal aid. 
S<? faying, with delight he fnaff'd the fmell 
Of mortal change on earth. As when a flock 
Of ravenous fowl, though many a league remote,, 
Againft a day of battle, to a field, 
Where armies lie encamp'd, come flying, lur'd 
With fcent of living carcafes defign'd 
For death, the following day, in bloody fight j, 
So fcented the grim feature, and upturn'd^ 
His rjoftrii wide into the naurky air,. 



Sagacious of his quarry from fo far. 

Then both from out Hell gates into the wafte 

Wide anarchy of Chaos damp and dark 

Flew diverfe, and with power (their power was 


Hovering upon the water?, what they met 
Solid or flimy, as in raging fea 
Toft up and down, together croudcd drove 
From each fide {healing tow'rds the mouth of 


As when two polar winds, blowing adverfe 
Upon the Coronian fea, together drive 
Mountains of ice, that flop th' imagui'd way 
Beyond Pcifora eaftward, to the rich 
Cathaian coaft. The aggregated foil 
Death with his mace petriiic, cold and dry, 
As with a trident fmote, and fix'd as firm 
AS Delos floating once ; the reft his look 
Bound with Gorgonian rigour not to move ; 
And with Afphaltic flime, broad as the gate, 
Peep to the roots of Hell the gather'd beach 
They faften'd, and the mole immenfe wrought on 
Over the foaming deep high arch'd, a bridge 
Of length prodigious, joining to the wall 
Jmmoveable of this now fencelefs world 
Forfeit to Death ; from hence a paftage broad, 
Smooth, eafy, inoftenfive, down to Hell. 
So, if great things to fmall may be compar'd,' 
Xerxes, the liberty of Greece to yoke, 
From Sufa his Memnonian palace high 
Came to the fea, and over Hellefpont 
Bridging his way, Europe with Al:a join'd, 
And fcourg'd with many a ftroke th' indignant 

Now had they brought the work by wond'rous 


Pontifical, a ridge of pendent rock, 
Over the vcx'd abyfs, following the track 
Of Satan to the felf lame place where he 
Firft lighted from his wing, and landed fafe 
From out of Chaos, to the outfide bare 
Of this round world : with pins of adamant 
And chains they made all faft, too fait they made 
And durable ; and now in little fpace 
The confines met of empyrean Heav'n 
And of this world, and on the left hand Hell 
With long reach interpos'd ; three feveral ways 
In fight, to each of thefe three places led. 
, And now their way to Earth they had defcry'd, 
To Paradife firft tending, when behold 
Satan in likenefs of an angel bright 
Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion fleering 
His zenith, while the fun in Aries rofe : 
Dilguis'd he Came, but thofe his children dear 
Their parent foon difcern'd, though in difguife. 
I He after Eve feduc'd, unminded flunk 
Into the wood faft by, and changing fhape 
To obferve the fequel, faw his guileful act 
By Eve, though all unweeting, feconded 
Upon her hufband, faw their ftiame that fought 
Vain covertures ; but when he faw defcend 
The Son of God to judge them, terrify'd 
He fled, not hoping to efcape, but fhun 
The prefent, fearing guilty what his wrath 
Might fuddenly inflitf ; that paft, return'd 

By night, and lift'ning where the haplefs pair 
Sat in their fad difcourle, and various plaint, , 
Thence gather'd his own doom, which underftood" 
; Not inftnnt, but of future time, with joy 
j And tidings fraught, to Hell he now return'd, 
And at the brink of Chaos, near the foot 
Of this new wondrous pontifice, u'nhop'd, 
Met who to meet him came, his offspring dear. 
Great joy was at their meeting, and at fight 
Of that ftupcndous bridge his joy increas'd. 
Long he admiring flood, till Sin, his fair 
Inchanting daughter, thus the filence broke : 

O Parent, thefe are thy magnific deeds. 
Thy trophies, which thou view'ft as not thine ownj 
Thou art their author and prime Architect : 
For I no fooner in my heart divin'd, 
My h<:art, which by a fecret harmony 
Still moves with thine, join'd in connection Tweet, 
That thou on earth hadft profper'd, which thy looks 
Now alfo evidence, but ftrait I felt, 
Though diltant from thee worlds between, yet fcit 
That I muft after thee with this thy fon, 
Such fatal confequence unites us three ' 
Hell could no longer hold us in her bounds, 
Nor this unvoyagcable gulf obfcure 
Detain from following thy flluftrious track. 
Thou haft achiev'd our liberty, confin'd 
Within Hell gates till now, thou us impower'd 
To fortify thus far, and overlay 
With this portentous bridge the dark abyfs. 
Thine now is all this world ; thy virtue hath won 
What thy hands builded not, thy wi'fdom gain'd 
With odds what war hath loft, and fully aveng'd 
Our foil in Heav'n ; here thou fhalt monarch reign. 
There didft not ; there let him ftill victor fway, 
As battle hath adjudg'd, from his new world 
K etiring, by his own doom alienated, 
And henceforth monarchy with thee divide 
Of all things parted by th' empyreal bounds, 
His quadrature, from thy orbicular world, 
Or try thee now more dang'rous to his throne. 
Whom thus the Prince of Darknefs anfwer'd 1 


Fair daughter, and thou fon and grandchild bothj 
High proof ye now have giv'n to be the face 
Of Satan, (for I glory in the name, 
Antagonift of Heav'n's almighty King) 
Amply have merited of me, of all 
Th' infernal empire, that fo near Heav'n's door 
Triumphal with triumphal act have met,, 
Mine with this glorious work, and made one reahni 
Ileli and this world, one realm, one continent 
Of eafy thorough-fare. Therefore while I 
Defcend through darknefs, on your road with eafe,' 
To my aflbciate powers, them to acquaint 
With thefe fuccefies 1 , and with them rejoice, 
You two this way, among thefe numerous orbs 
All yours, right down to Paradife defcend ; . 
There dwell and reign in blifs, thence ontheeartH 
Dominion exercife, and in the air, 
Chiefly on man, fole lord of all declar'd ? 
Him firft make lure your thrall, and laftly kill; 
My fubftitutes I fend ye, and create 
Plenipotent on earth, of matchlefs might 
Ifluing from me : on your joint vigour now' 


My bold of this new kingdom all depends, 
Through fin to death expos'd by my expl 

If your joint power prevail, th' affairs of Hell 
No detriment need fear ; go and be ftrong. 

So faying, he difmifs'd them ; they with fpeed 
Their courfe through tbickeft compilations held, 
Spreading their bane ; the blafted ftars look'd wan, 
And planets,, real ecliple 
Then fufter'd. The other way Satan went down 
The caufeway to Hell gate - r on either fide 
Difparted Chaos over built cxclaim'd, 
And with rebounding furge the bars affair d 
That fcorn'd his indignation : through the gate, 
Wide open and unguarded, Satan pafs'd, 
And all about found dcfolate ; for thole 
Appointed to fit there bad left their charge, 
Flown to the upper world ; the reft were all 
I'br to th' inland retir'd, about the walls 
Of Pandemonium, city and proud feat 
Of Lucifer, fo by allufion call'd 
01 that bright ftar to Satan paragon'd. 
There kept their watch the legions, while the 


In council fat, felicitous what chance 
Might intercept their emp'ror lent ; fo he 
Departing gave command, and they obferv'd, 
As when the Tartar from his Ruffian foe 
By Aftracan over the fnowy plains 
Retires, or Baclrian Sophi from the horns 
Of Turkifh crefcent, leaves all wafte beyond 
The realm of Aladule, in his retreat 
To Tauris or Calbeen : So thcfe the late 
Heav'n-banifh'd hoft left defert utmoft Hell 
Many a dark league, rcduc'd in careful watch 
Round their metropolis, and now expecting 
Each hour their great adventurer from the fcarch 
Of foreign worlds : he through the midfl un- 
ln fhew plebian angel militant [mark'd, 

Of loweft order, pafs'd ; and from the door 
Of that Plutonian hall, invifible 
Afcended his high throne, which under ftate. 
Of richeft texture fpread, at the upper end 
Was plac'd in regal luflre. Sown a while 
He fat, and round about him faw unfeen : 
At laft as from a cloud his fulgent head 
And fhape ftar-bright appear'd, or brighter,. clad 
With what permiffive glory fmce his fall 
Was left him, or falfe glitter : all amaz'd 
At that fo fudden blaze the Stygian throng 
Bent their afpect, and whom they wifh'd beheld, 
Their mighty Chief return'd : loud was the ae 

claim : 

Forth rufh'd in hafte the great confulting peers, 
Rais'd from their dark divan, and with like joy 
Congratulant approach'd him, who with hand 
Silence, and with thefe words attention won. 
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues 


For in poffeffion fuch, not only of right, 
I call ye and declare ye now, return'd 
Successful beyond hope, to lead ye forth 
Triumphant out of this infernal pit 
Abominable, accurs'd, the houfe of woe, 
And dungeon of our Tyrant : now poffefs, 
'As lords, a fpacious world, to our native lieav'a 

attle inferior, by my adventure hard 
A r ith peril great achiev'd. Long were to tell 
/Vhat I have done, what fuffer'd>, with what pai 
foyag'd th' unreal, vaft, unbounded deep 
Of horrible confufion, over which 
3y Sin and Death a broad way now is pav'd 
"o expedite your glorious march ; but I 
.'oil'd ont my uncouth paffage, forc'd to ride 
Th' untracTrable abyfs, plung'd in the womb 

unoriginal Night and Chaos wild, 
That jealous of their fecrets fiercely oppos'd 
Vly journey ftrange, with clamorous uproar 
J rotefring fate fupreme ; thence how I found 
The new-created world, which fame in Heav'jr 
Long had foretold, a fabric wonderful, 
Of abfolute perfection, therein Man 
Plac'd in a Paradife, by our exile 
VTa'de happy : him by fraud I have feduc'd 
From his Creator, and the more to increafe 
Your wonder, with an apple ; he thereat 
Offended, worth your laughter, hath giv'h up' 
Both his beloved man and all his world 
JTo Sin and Death a prey, and fo to us, 
Without our hazard, labour, or alarm, 
To rar-ge in, and to dwell, and over man 
To rule, as over all he fhould have rul'd. 
True is, me alfo be hath judg'd, or rather 
Me not, but the brute ferpent in whofe fhape 
Man I deceiv'd : that which to me belongs 
Is enmity, which he will put between 
Me and mankind ; I am to bruife his heel ; 
His feed, when is not fet, fhall bruife my head :' 
A world whq would not purchafe with a bruife, 
Or much more grievous pain ? Ye have th' account 
Of my performance ', what remains, ye Gods, 
But up and enter now into full blifs ? 

So having faid, a while he flood, expecling. 
Their univerfaLfnout and high applau'fe 
To fill his ear, when contrary be hears 
On all fides, from innumerable tongues, 
A dil'mal unlverfal hifs, the found 
Of public fcorn ; he wonder'd, but not long 
Had leifure, wond'ring at hlmfelf now more ;; 
His vifage drawn he felt to fharp and fpare, 
His arms clung to ins ribs,-his legs intwiniug . 
Each other, till fupplanted down he fell 
A monflrous ferpent on his belly prone, 
Reluctant, but in vain, a greater Power 
Now nil'd. him, punifbVd in the fhape He {hm'i- 
According to his doom : he would have fpoke, 
But hifs for hifs return'd with forked tongue 
To forked tongue, for now were all transform'd 
Alike to ferpents, all as accefsories 
To his bold riot : dreadful was the din 
Of hifling through the hall, thick fwarming now 
With complicated monfter's head and tail, 
Scorpion, and afp, and amphifbaena dire, 
Ceraites horn'd, Hydrus, and Elops drear;, 
And Dipfas (not fo thick fwarm'd once the fun 
Bedropt with blood of Gorgon, or the ifle 
Ophiufa) but /till greateft he in the midft, 
Now Dragon grown, larger than whom the fun 
Ingender'd in the Pythian vale on flime, 
Huge Python, and his power no lefs he feenvd- 
Above the reft Hill to retain j they all 



:Him follow'd ifluing forth to th' open field, 
Where all yet left of that revolted rout 
.Heav'n-fall'n, in ftation ftood or juft array, 
Sublime with expectation when to fee 
In triumph ifluing forth their glorious Chief ; 
They faw, but other fight inftcad, a croud 
Of ugly ferpents ; horror on them fell, 
And horrid fympathy ; for what they faw, 
They felt themfelves now changing ; down their 
arms, [faft? 

Down fell both fpear and fhield, down they as 
And the dire .hifs renew'd, and the dire form 
Catch'd by contagion, like in punifhment, 
As in their crime. Thus was th' .applaufe they 


Turn'd to exploding hifs, triumph to fhame 
Caft on themfelves from their own mouths. There 


A grove hard by, fprungup with this their change, 
His will who reigns above, to aggravate 
Their penance, laden with fair fruit, like that 
Which grew in Paradife, the bait of Eve 
Us'd by the Tempter : on that profpect ftrange 
Their earneft eyes they fix'd, imagining 
For one forbidden tree a multitude 
Now ris'n, to work them further woe or fhame ; 
Yet parch'd with fcalding thirft and hunger fierce, 
Tho' to delude them font, could not abftain, 
But on they roll'd in heaps, and up the trees 
^Climbing, fat thicker than the fnaky locks 
That curl'd Meg:era : greedily they pluck'd 
The fruitage fair to fight, like that which grew 
.Near that bituminous lake, where Sodom flam'd ; ; 
This more delufive, not the touch, but tafte, 
Deceiv'd ; they fondly thinking to allay 
Their appetite with guft, inftead of fruit, 
Chew'd bitter, which th' offended tafte 
With fpattering noife rejected : oft they' affay'd, 
Hunger and thirft conftraining, drug'd as oft, ' 
With hatefulleft difrelifh writh'd their jaws 
With foot and cinders filPd.; fo oft they fell 
Into the fame illufion, not as man 
Whom they triumph'd once laps'd. Thus were 

they plagu'd 
And worn with famine, long and ceafelefs hifs, 
Till their loft fhape, permitted, they refum'd, 
Yearly injoin'd, fome fay, to undergo 
This annual humbling certain nvmber'd days, 
To dafh their pride, and joy for man feduc'd. 
However, fome tradition they difpers'd 
Among the Heathen of their purchafe got, 
And fabled how the ferpent, whom they call'd 
Ophion with Eurynome, the wide 
Encroaching Eve perhaps, had firft the rule 
Of high Olympus, thence by Saturn driven 
And Ops, e'er yet Dictxan Jove was born. 
Meanwhile in Paradife the hellifh pair 
Too foon arriv'd, Sin there in power before, 
Once, actual, now in body, and to dwell 
Habitual habitant ; behind her Death 
Clofe following, pace for pace, not mounted yet 
On his pale horfe : to whom Sin thus began : 

^Second of Satan fprung, all conqu'ring Death, 
V hat think'ft thou of our empire now, though 

With travel difficult, not better far 

Than ftill at Hell's dark threfliold to* have fat 

Unnam'd, undreaded, and thyfclf half ftarv'd ? 

Whom thus the fin-born monfter anfwer'd foon. 
To me, who with eternal famine pine, 
Alike j.s Hell, or Paradife, .or Heav'n, 
There beft, where moft with ravin 1 may meet ; 
Which here, though plenteous, all too little feems, 
To fluff this maw, this vaft unhide-bqund corps, 

To whom th' inceftuous mother thus reply'd : 
Thou therefore on thefe herbs, and fruits, and. 


Feed firft, on each beaft next, and fifli and fowl, 
No homely morfels ; and whatever thing 
The fithe of time mows down, devour unfpar'd ; 
Till I "in Man refiding through the race, 
His thoughts, his looks, words, actions, all infe^l, 
And feafon him thy laft and fweeteft prey. 

This faid, they both betook them fevcral ways., 
Both to deftroy, or unimmortal make 
All kinds, and for deftruction to mature 
Sooner. or later : which th 5 Almighty feeing, 
From his tranfcendttnt feat the faints among, 
To thofe bright orders utter'd thus his voice : 

See with what heat thefe dogs of Hell advance 
To wafte and havoc yonder world, which I 
So fair and good created, and had ftill 
Kept in that ftate, had not the folly' of man 
Let in thefe wafteful furies, who impute 
Folly to me ; fo doth the Prince of Hell 
And his adherents, that with fo much eafe 
I iuffcr them to enter and poffefs 
A place fo heav'nly, and conniving feem 
To gratify my fcornful enemies, 
That laugh, as if tranfported with fome fit 
Of paffion, to them had quitted all, 
At random yielded up their mifrule ; 
And know not that I call'd, and drew them thither 
My hell-hounds, to lick up the draff and filth 
V/nich man's polluting fin with taint hath fhed 
On what was pure, till cramm'd and gorg'd,nigh 


With fuck'd and glutted offal, at one fling 
Of thy victorious arm, well-pleafing Son, 
Eoth Sin and Death, and yawning Grave at laft, 
Thro' Chaos hurl'd, ob%uct the mouth of Hell 
For ever, and feal up his ravenous jaws. 
Then Heav'n and Earth renew'd {hall be made pure 
To' fanctity that fhall receive no ftain : 
Till then the curfe pronounc'd on both precedes. 

He ended ; and the Heav'nly audience loud 
Sung halleluiah, as the found of feas, 
Through multitude that fung : Juft are thy ways. 
Righteous are thy decrees on all thy works ; 
Who can extenuate thee ?. Next, to the Son, 
Deftin'd Reflorer of mankind, by whom 
New H2y'n and Earth fhall to the ages rife, . 
Or down from Heav'n defccnd. Such was their fong 
While the Creator calling forth by name 
His mighty Angels, g-ave them feveral charge 
As forted beft with pr. fent things. The fun 
Had firft his precept fo to move, fo fhine, 
As might affect the earth with cold and heat 
Scarce tolerable, and from the north to caty 



JSooi X. 

Decrepit winterj from the foutfl to bring 
Solftitial iummer's heat. To the blanc moon 
Her office they prefcrib'd, to tli' other five 
Their planetary motions and afpecls 
In Textile, fquare, and trine, and oppofite 
Of noxious efficacy, and when to join 
In fynod unbenign ; and taught the fix'd 
Their influence malignant when to fhower, 
Which of them rifing with the fun, or falling, 
Should prove tempeftuous : to the winds they fet 
Their corners, when with blufter to confound 
Sea, air, and fhore, the 'thunder when to roil 
With terror through the dark aereal hall. 
Some fay he bid his angels turn afcanfe 
The poles of earth twice ten degrees and more 
Prom the fun's axle, they with labour pufli'd 
Oblique the centric globe ; fome fay the fun 
Was bid turn reins from th' equinoctial road 
Like diftant breadth to Taurus with the feven 
Atlantic Sifters, and the' Spartan Twins 
Up to the Tropic Crab ; thence down amain 
By Leo, and the Virgin, and the Scales, 
As deep as Capricorn, to bring in change 
Of feafons to each clime ; elfe had the fpring 
Perpetual fmil'd on earth with verdant flowers, 
qual in days and nights, except to thofe 
Beyond the polar circles ; to them day 
Had unbenighted fhone, while the low fun 
To recompence his diftance, in their fight - 
Had rounded ftill th' horizon, and not known 
Or eaft or weft, which had forbid the mow 
From cold Eftotiland, and fouth as far 
Beneath Magellan. At tfyit tafted fruit 
The fun, as from Thyeftean banquet turn'd 
His courfe intended ; elfe how had the world 
Inhabited, tho' fmlefs, more than now, 
Avoided pinching cold, andfcorching heat ? 
Thefe changes in the Heav'ns, though flow, pro- 


Like change on fea and land, fideral blaft, 
Vapour, and mift, and exhalation hot, 
Corrupt and peililent : now from the north 
Of Norumbega, and the Samoed ihore, 
Burfting their brazen dungeon, arm'd with ice 
And fnow, and hail, and fiormy guft, and flaw, 
Boreas and Caxias and Argeftes loud ' 
And Thracias rend the woods, and feas upturn ; 
With adverfe blaft upturns them from the fouth 
Notus and Afer black with thundrous clouds 
From Serraliona ; thwart of thefe as fierce 
Forth rufh the Levant and the Ponent winds 
Eurus and Zephyr with their lateral noife, 
Sirrocco, and Libecchio. Thus began 
Outrage from lifelefs things ; but Difcord firfl 
Daughter of Sin, among the irrational, 
Death introduc'd through fierce antipathy : 
Beaft now with beaft 'gan war, and fowl with 


And fifn with fifh ; to graze the herb all leaving, 
Devour d each other ; nor iftood much in awe 
3f man, but fled him, or with count'nance grim 
Olar ; d on him pailing. Thefe were from without 
I he growing miferies which Adam faw 
Already in part, tho' hid in gloomieft fhade, 
4o iorrow' ubandon'd, but worfe felt within, 

And in a troubled fea of pafllon toft, 

Thus to diiburden fought with fad complaint. 

O miferable of happy ! is rhis the end 
Of this new glorious world, and me fo late 
The glory of that glory, who now become 
Acctirs'd of blcfled, hide me from the face 
Of God, whom to behold was then my height 
Of happinefs ! yet well, if here would end 
The mifery ; I deferv'd it, and would bear 
My own detervings ; but this will not ferve ; 
All that I eat or drink, or fhall beget, 
Is propagated curfe. O voice once heard 
Delightful, Jncreafe and multiply, 
Now death to hear ! for what can I increafs 
Or multiply, but curfcs on my head? 
Who of all ages to fucceed, but feeling 
The evil on him brought by me, will curfe 
My head ? Ill fare our anceftor impure, 
For this we may thank Adam ; but his thank^ 
Shall be the execration ; fo befides 
Mine own that bide upon me, all from me 
Shall with a fierce reflux on me redound, 
On me as on their natural centre light 
Heavy, though in their place. O fleeting joys 
Of Paraciile, dear bought with lafting woes ! 
Did I requeft thee, Maker, from my clay 
To mould me man, did I folicit thee 
From darknefs to promote me, or here place 
In this delicious garden ? As my will 
Ccncurr'd not to my being, it were but right 
And equal to reduce me to my duft, 
Defirous to refign and render back 
All I receiv'd, unable to perform 
Thy terms too hard, by which I was to hold 
The good I fought not. To the lofs of that, 
Sufficient penalty, why haft thou added 
The fenfe of endlefs woes ? inexplicable 
Thy juftice feems ; yet to fay truth, too late 
I thus conteft ; then fhould have been refus'd 
Thofe terms whatever, when they were propos'd : 
Thou didft accept them : wilt thou enjoy the good 
Then cavil the conditions ? and though God 
Made thee without thy leave, what if thy foil 
Prove difobedient, and reprov'd, retort, 
Wherefore didft thou beget me ? I fought it not : 
Wouldft thou admit for his contempt of thee 
That proud excufe ? yet him not thy election, 
But natural neceflity begot. 

God made thee of choice his own, and of his own 
To ferve him ; thy reward was of his grace, 
Thy puniihment then juftly is at his will. 
Be it fo, for I fubmit ; his doom is fair, 
That duft I am, and fhall to duft return : 
O welcome hour whenever ! why delays 
His hand to execute what his decree 
Fix'd on this day ? why do I overlive, 
Why am I mock'd with death, and lengthen'd out 
To deathlefs pain ? how gladly would I meet 
Mortality my fentence, and be earth 
Infenflble, how glad would lay me down 
As in my mother's lap ? there I ihould reft 
And fleep fecure ; his dreadful voice no more 
Would thunder in my ears, no fear of worfe 
To me and to my offspring would torment me 
With cruel expectation. Yet one doubt 



Purfues me ftill, left all I cannot die, 

JLeft that pure breath of life, the fp'rit of man 

Which God infpir'd, cannot together perilh 

With this corporeal clod ; then in the grave, 

Or iii lome other dii'mal place, who knows 

But I fhall die a living death ? O thought 

Horrid, if true ! yet why ? it was but breath 

Of life that finnM ; what dies but what had life 

And fin ? the body properly hath neither. 

All of me then fhall die : let this appeafe 

The doubt, fince human reach JIG further knows. 

For though the Lord of all be infinite, 

Is his wrath alfo ? be it; man is not fo, 

But mortal doom'd. How can he exercife 

Wrath without end on man whom death mu-ft end ? 

Can he make deathlefs death ? that were to make 

Strange contradiction, which to God himfelf 

Impoffible is held, as argument 

Of r*eaknefs, not of power. Will he draw out, 

For anger's fake, finite to infinite 

In puniih'd man, to fatisfy his rigor 

Satisfy'd never .? that were to extend 

His fentence beyond duft and Nature's law, 

By which all caufes elfe according flill 

To the reception of their matter adl, 

Not to th' extent of their own fphere. But fay 

That death be not one ftroke, as I fuppos'd 

Bereaving fenfe, but endlei's mifery 

From this day onward, which I feel begun 

Both in me, and without rne, aod fo laft 

To perpetuity : Ay me, that fear 

Comes thund'ring back with dreadful revolution 

On my defencelefs head ; both death and I 

Am found eternal, and incorporate both, 

Nor I in my part fingle, in me all 

Poftcrity ftands curs' d : fair patrimony 

That I mult leave ye, Sons^-O were 1 able 

To wafte it all myfelf, and leave ye none 1 

So difinherited, how would you blifs 

Me now your curfe .! Ah, %vhy fhould all mankind 

For one man's fault thus guiltlefs be condemn'd, 

If guiltlcfs ? but from me what can proceed, 

But all corrupt, both mind and will deprav'd, 

Not to do only, but to will the fame 

With me ? how can they then acquitted ftand 

In fight of God ? him after all dilputes 

Forc'd I abfolve : all my evalions vain, 

And reafonings, though through mazes, lead me 

But to my own conviction : firft.and laft [ftill 

On me, me only, as the fource and fpring 

Of all corruption, all the blame lights due ; 

So might the wrath. Fond wilh ! couidft thou 


That burden heavier than the earth to bear, 
Than all the world much heavier, though divided 
Witb that bad woman ? thus what thou defir'fl 
And what thou fear'ft, alike deftroys all hope 
Of refuge, and concludes thee miferable 
Beyond ail paft example and future, 
To Satan only like both crime and doom. 

coflfcience, into what abyfs of fears 

And horrors haft thou driven me ; out of which 

1 find no way, from deep to deeper plung'd ! 

Thus Adam to himfelf lamented loud 
Through the ftill night, not now, as e'er man fell 

Wholefqme and cool, and mild, but with black 

Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom, 
Which to his evil confcience reprefented 
All things with double terror : on the ground 
Outftretch'd he lay, on the cold ground, and oft 
Curs'd his creation, Death as oft accus'd 
Of lardy execution, fince denounc'd 
The day of his offence. Why comes not Death, 
Said he, with one thrice acceptable ftroke 
To end .me ? fhall Truth fail to keep her v/ord, 
Juftice divine not haftcn to be juft ? 
Bat Death comes not at call ; Juftice divine 
Mends not her floweft .pace for .pray'rs .or cries. 

woo'ds, O fountains, hillocks, dales and bowers, 
With ether echo late I taught your fhades 

To anfwer -and refound far other fong. 
Whom thus afflicted when fad Eve beheld, 
Defolate where fhe fat, approaching nigh, 
Soft words to his fierce paflion fhe affay'd .: 
But her with ftern regard he thus repell'd. 

Out of my fight, thou ferpent ; that name beft 
Befits thee with him leagu'd, thyfelf as falfe 
And hateful ; nothing wants, but that thy fhape, 
Like his, and colour ferpentine may fhew 
Thy inward fraud, to warn all creatures from thee 
Henceforth ; left that too heav'nly form, pretended 
To hellifh falfehood, fnare them. But for thee 

1 had perfifted happy, had not thy pride 
And wand'ring vanity, when leaft was fafe, 
Rejected my forewarning, and difdain'd 
Not to be trufted, longing to be feen 
Though by the Devil himfelf, him overweening 
To over-reach, but with the ferpent meetjng- 
FooI'd and beguil'd, by him thou, I by thee, 
To truft thee from my fide, imagin'd wife, 
Conftant, mature, proof againil all affaults, 
And under flood not all was but a fhew 
Rather than folid virtue, all but a rib 
Crooked by Nature, bent, as now appears, 
More to the part finifter, from me drawn, 
Well if thrown out, as fupernumerary 

To my juft number found. O why did God, 
Creator wife that peopled higheft Heav'n 
With fpirits mafculine, create at laft 
This novelty on earth, this fair defed 
Of Nature, and not fill the world at once 
With men as angels without feminine, 
Or find fome other way to generate 
Mankind ? this mifchief had not then TDefaH'n, 
And more that fliall befal, innumerable 
Difb.irbances on earth through female fnares, 
And ftrait conjunction wkh this fex : for either 
He never (hall find out fit mate", but fuch 
As fome misfortune brings him, or miftake ; 
Or whom he wiflies moft lhall feldom gain 
Through her perverfenefs, but fhall fee her gain'd 
By a far worfe, or if (he love, withheld 
By parents ; or his happieft choice too late 
Shall meet already iink'd and wedlock-bound 
To a fell adverfary, his hate or fhame : 
Which infinite calamity fhall caufe 
To human life, and hou.ehold peace confound, 

He added not, and from her turn'd ; but Eve 
Not fo repuh'dj with tears that ceas'd not flowing^ 


And treffes aUctiforder'd, at his feet 

Fell humble, and embracing them, befought 

His" peace, and thus' proceeded in her plaint : 

Forfake me not" thus, Adam ; witnefs Heav'n 
What love fincere, and reverence in my heart 
I bear thee,- and uriweeting have offended, 
Unhappily decriv'd ; thy fuppliant 
I beg, and clafp thy knees ; bereave me not, 
Whereon I live, thy gentle looks, thy aid, 
Thy counfel in this uttermoft ciiftyeis, 
My only ftrength and Hay, forlorn of thee. 
Whither fhall I betake me, where fubfift ? 
While yet we live, fcarce one fhort hour perhaps, 
Between us two let there be peace, both joining, 
As join'cl in injuries, one enmity 
Againft a foe by doom exprefs'd affigned us, 
That cruel ferpent : on me exercife not 
Thy hatred for this mifery befali'n, 
On me already loft, me than thyfelf 
More rtaiferable ; both have ilnnVi. but tbbu 
Againft Gpd only, I againft God and thee, 
And' to the p'lace of judgment will return, 
There with my cries importune Heav'n, that all 
The fentence from thy head remov'd may light 
On me, fole caufe to thee of all this woe, 
Me, me only, -juft objecl of his ire. 

She ended weeping ; and her lowly plight, 
Immoveable till peace obtain'cl from fault 
Acknowledg'd and deplor'd, in Adam wrought 
Commiferation ; foon his heart relented 
Tow'rds her, his life fo late and fole delight, 
Now at his feet fubmifllve in diftrefs, 
Creature fo fair his reconcilement feeking, 
His counfel, whom fhe had difpleas'd, his aid ; 
As one difarm'd, his anger all he loft, 
And thus with peaceful words uprais'd her foon. 

Unwary, and too defirous, as before, 
So now of what thou know'ft not, who defir'ft 
The punifhment all on thyfelf; alas, 
Bear thine own firft, ill able to fuftaiu 
His full wrath, whofe thou feel'ft as yet leaft part, 
And my difpleafurc bear''ft fo ill. If prayers 
Could alter high detrees, I to that place ' 
Would fpeed before thee,, and be louder heard, 
That on my head all might be vifited, 
Thy frailty and infirm**- fex forgiven, 
To me committed and by me expos'd. 
But rife ; let us no mpre contend, nor blame 
Each other, blam'd enough elfewhere, but ftrive 
In offices of love how we may lighten 
Each other's burden in our fhare of woe ; 
Since this day's death denounc'd, if ought I fee, 
Will prove no fuclden, but a flow-pac'd evil, 
A long day's dying to augment our pain, 
And to our feed (O haplefs feed !) deriv'd. 

To whom thus Eve, recovering heart, reply'd ; 
Adam, by fad experiment I know 
How little weight my wprds with thee can find. 
Found fo erroneous, thence by juft event 
Found ^fo unfortunate 5 neVei'thelefs, 
Reftor'd bytthee, vile as I am, to place 
3f new acceptance, hopeful toVegain 
Thy lore, the fole Contentment of my. heart 
Living- or dying, from thee 1 will not hide 
;*y'hat thoughts' in my unquiet breaft are rifcn, 

Tending to fome rejief of our extremes, 

Or end, though fharp and fad, yet tolerable, 

A<$ in our evils, and of eafier choice. 

If cafe of our tlefcent perplex us moft, 

Which muft be born to certain woe, devour'd 

By Death at laft ; and miferable it is 

To be to others caufe of mifery, 

Our own begotten, and of our loins to bring 

Into this curled world a woeful race, 

That after wretched life muft be at laft. 

Food for fo foul a monfter ; in thy power 

It lies, yet e'er conception to prevent 

The race unbieft, to being yet unbegot. 

Chilcllefs thou art, childiefs remain : fo Death 

{hall be deceiv'd his glut, and with us two 

Be forc'd to fatisfy his ravenous maw. 

But if thou judge it hard and difficult, 

Converting, looking, loving, to abftain 

From Love's due rites, nuptial embraces fweet, 

And with defire to langiufh without hope, 

Befcre the prelent object hnguifhing 

With like defire, 'which would be mifery 

And torment lefs than none of what we dread ; ' 

Then both ourfelves and feed at once to free 

From what we fear for both, let Us make fhort, 

Let us feek Death, or he not found, fupply 

With our own hands his office on ourfelves : 

Why ftand we longer fhivering Under fears, 

That fliew no end but death, and i ave the power, 

Of many ways to die the fhorteft choofmg, 

Deftruclion with deftru&ion to deftroy ? 

She ended here, or vehement defpair 
Broke off the reft ; fo much of death her thoughts 
Had entertain'd, as dy'd her cheeks with pale. 
But Adam with fuch counfel nothing fway'd, 
To better hopes his more attentive mind 
Lab'ring had rais'd, and thus to Eve reply'd : 

Eve, thy contempt of life and pleafure feems 
To argue in thee fomething more fublime 
And excellent than what thy mind contemns ; 
But felf deftrucStion therefore' fought, refutes 
That excellence thought in thee, and implies, 
Not thy contempt, but anguifh and regret 
For loi's of life and pleafure overlov'd. 
Or if them covet death, as utmoft end 
Of mifery, fo thinking to invade 
The penalty pronounc'd, doubt not but God 
Hath wifelier arm'd his vengeful ire than fo 
To be foreftall'd ; much more I fear left death. 
So fnatch'd will not exempt us from the pain 
We are by doom to pay ; rather fuch a&s 
Of contumacy will provoke the Higheft 
To make death in us live : then let us feek 
Some fafer refolution, which methinks 
I have in view, calling to mind with heed 
Part of our fentence, that thy feed fhall bruife 
The ferpent's head ; piteous amends, unlefs 
Be meant, whofn I conjecture our grand foe 
Satan, who in the ferpent hath contriv'd 
Againft us this deceit : to crufh his head 
Would be revenge indeed ; which will be loft 
By death brought on ourfelves, or childiefs days 
Refolv'd as thou propofeft ; fo our foe 
Shall 'fcape his punifhment ordain'd, and we 
Inftead fhall double ours upon our heads. 



No more be mention'd then of violence 
Againft ourfejves, and wilful barrennefs. 
That cuts us off from hope, and favors only 
Rancour and pride, impatience and defpite, 
Reluctance againft God and his juft yoke 
JLaid on our necks. Remember with what mild 
And gracious temper he both heard and judg'd 
Without wrath or reviling ; we expected 
Immediate diffolution, which we thought 
Was meant by death that day, when lo, to thee 
Pains only in child-bearing were foretold, 
And bringing forth, foon recompens'd with joy, 
Fruit of thy womb : on me the curfe aflope 
Glanc'd on the ground ; with labour I muft earn 
My bread ; what harm ? Idlenefs had been worie ; 
My labour will fuftain me ; and left cold 
Or heat fhould injure us, his timely care 
Hath unbefought provided, and his hands 
Cloth'd us unworthy, pitying while he judg'd ; 
How much more, if we pray him, will his ear 
Be open, and his heart to pity incline, 
And teach us further by what means to fhun 
The inclement fcafons, rain, ice, hail, and fnow ? 
Which now the iky with various face begins 
1 o mew us in this mountain, while the winds 
Blow moift and keen, {battering the graceful locks 
Of tLefe fair fpreading trees ; which bids us feek 
Some better fhroud, fome better warmth to cherifh 
Our lips benumm'd, e'er this diurnal ftar 
Leave cold the night, how we his gather'd beams 
Reflected, may with matter fere foment, 
Or by collifion of two bodies grind 
The air attrite to fire, as late the clouds 

Juftling or pufh'd with winds rude in their (hock 
Tine the flant lightning, whofe thwart flame 

driven down 

Kindles the gummy bark of fir or pine, 
And fends a comfortable heat from far, 
Which might fupply the fun : fuch fire to ufe, 
And what may elfe be remedy or cure 
To evils which our own mifdeeds have wroughtj 
He will inftrucl: us praying, and of grace 
Befeeching him, fo as we need not fear 
To pafs commodioufly this life fuftain'd 
By him with many comforts, till we end 
In duft, our final reft and native home. 
What better can we do, than to the place 
Repairing where he judg'd us, proftrate fall 
Before him reverent, and there confefs 
Humbly our faults, and pardon beg, with tears 
Watering the ground, and with our fighs the air 
Frequenting, fent from hearts contrite, in fign 
Of forrow, unfeign'd, and humiliation meek J 
Undoubtedly he will relent and turn 
From his difpleafure ; in whofe look ferene, 
When angry moft he feem'd and moft fevere, 
What elfe but favour, grace, and mercy Ihone I 

So fpake our Father penitent, nor Eve 
Felt lefs remorfe : they forthwith to the place 
Repairing where he judg'd them, proftrate fell 
Before him reverent, and both confefs'd 
Humbly their faults, and pardon begg'd with tears 
Watering the ground, and with their fighs the ais 
Frequenting, fent from hearts contrite, in fign 
Of forrow unfeign'd, and humiliation meek* 




Tire Son of God prefents to his Father the prayers of our Firft Parents now repenting, and intercedes 
for them : God accepts them, but declares that they muft no longer abide in Paradife ; fends Mi 
chael with a band of Cherubim to difpoffefs them ; but firfl to reveal to Adam future things : Mi 
chael's coming down. Adam fhews to Eve certain ominous figns ; he difcerns Michael's approach ; 
<goes out to meet him ; the Angel denounces their departure. Eve's lamentation. Adam pleads ; 
fcutfubniits : the Angel leads them up to a high hill ; fets before him in vifion what fhall happen 
tin the flood. 

JLHUS they In lowlieft plight tepentant flood 
Praying ; for from the mercy-fean above 
Prevenient grace defcending had renaovM 
The flony from their hearts, and made new flefh 
Regenerate grow inftead, that fighs now breath'd 
Unutterable, which the fp'rit of prayer 
Infpir'd, and wing'd for Heav'n with fpeedier flight 
Than loudefl oratory ; yet the port 
Not of mean fuiters, nor important lefs 
Seem'd their petition, than when th' ancient pair 
In fables old, lefs ancient yet than thefe, 
Deucalion and chafte Pyrtha, to reftore 
The race of mankind drown'd, before the flmne 
Of Themis flood devout. To Heav'n their pray'rs 
Flew up, nor mifs'd the way by envious winds 
Blown vagabond, or fruftate : in they pafs'd 
Dimenfionlefs thro' heav'nly doors ; then clad 
With incenfe, where the golden altar fum'd, 
By their great Interceflbr, came in fight 
Befora the Father's throne : them the glad Son 
Prefenting, thus to intercede began : 

See, Father, what firfl fruits on earth are fprung 
Prom thy implanted grace in man, thefe fighs 
And pray'rs, which in this golden cenfeiy mix'd 
With incenfe, I thy Prieft before thee bring, 
Fruits of more pleafing favour from thy feed 
Sown with contrition in his heart, than thofe 
Which his own hand, manuring all the trees 
Of Paradife, could have produc'd, e'er fall'n 
J&QGn innocence. Mow therefore bend thine ear 

To ^application, hear his fighs, tho' mute ; 
Unfkilful with what words to pray, let me 
Interpret for him, me his advocate 
And propitiation ; all his works on me, 
Good or not good, ingraft, my merit thofe 
Shall perfect, and for thefe my death fhall pay. 
Accept me, and in me firm thefe receive 
The fmell of peace tow'rd mankind ; let him live 
Before thee reconcii'd, at leafl his days 
Number'd, though fad, till death, his doom, 

(which I 

To mitigate thus plead, not to reverfe) 
To better life fhall yield him, where with me 
All my redeem'd may dwell in joy and blifs, 
Made one with me, as I with thee am one. 

To whom the Father, without cloud, ferene. 
All thy requeft for man, accepted Son, 
Obtain ; all thy requeft was my decree : 
But longer in that Paradife to dwell, 
The law 1 gave to Nature him forbids : 
Thofe pure immortal elements that know 
No grofs, no inharmonious mixture foul, 
Ejedl him tainted now, and purge him off 
As a diftemper, grofs to air as grofs, 
And mortal food, as may difpofe him beft 
For diffolution wrought by fin, that firft 
Diftemper'd all things, and of incorrupt 
Corrupted. I at firlt with two fair gifts 
Created him endow 'd, with happinefs 
And immortality : that fondly loll, 



This other fcrv'd but to entei nize woe, 

Till I provided death ; fo death becomes 

His final remedy, and after life 

Try'd in (harp tribulation, and refin'd 

by faith and faithful works, to fecond life, 

Walk'd in the renovation of the juft, 

Refigns him up with Heav'n and Earth renew'd. 

But let us call to fynod all the bleil 

Through HeavVs wide bounds; from them 1 

will not hide 

My judgments, how with mankind I proceed, 
As how with peccant angels late they faw, 
And in their ftate, though firm, flood more con- 

He ended; and the Son gave fignal high 
To the bright minifter that watch d ; he blew 
His trumpet, heard in Oreb fince perhaps 
"When God defcended, and perhaps once more 
To found at general doom. Th' angelic blaft 
Fill'd ail the regions : from their blifsful bowers 
Of amarantine ihade, fountain, or fpring, 
By the waters of life, where'er they fat 
In fellowfhips of joy, the fons of Light 
Hailed, reforting to the fummons high, 
And took their feats ; till from his throne fupreme 
Th' Almighty thus pronounc'd his fov'reign will. 

O Sons, like one of us Man is become 
To know both good and evil, fince his tafte 
Of that defended fruit ; but let him boaft 
His knowledge of good loft and evil got ; 
Happier, had it fuffic'd him to have known 
Good by itfclf, and evil not at all. 
He forrows now, repents, and pray* contrite, 
My motions in him ; longer than they move, 
His heart I know, how variable and vain 
Self-left. Left herefore his now bolder hand 
Reach alfo of the tree of life, and eat, 
And live for ever, dream at leaft to live 
For ever, to remove him I decree, 
And fend him from the garden forth to till 
The ground whence he was taken, fitter foil. 

Michael, this my beheft have thou in charge, 
Take to thee from among the Cherubim 
Thy choice of flaming warriors, left the Fiend, 
Or in behalf of man, or to invade 
Vacant poffeflion, fome new trouble raife : 
Hafte thee, and from the Paradife of God, 
"Without remorfe, drive out the finful pair, 
From hallow'd ground th' unholy, and denounce 
To them and to their progeny from thtnce 
Perpetual banifhment. Yec, left they faint 
At the fad fentence rigoroufiy urg'd ; 
For I behold them foften'd, and with tears 
Bewailing their excefs, all terror hide. 
If patiently thy bidding they obey, 
Difmifs them not difconfolate ; reveal 
To Adam what (hall come in future days, 
As I fhall thee enlighten ; intermix 
JMy covenant in the Woman's feed renew'd ; 
So fend them forth, tho' forrswing, yet in peace : 
Arid on the eaft fide of the garden place, 
"Where entrance up from Eden eafieft climbs, 
Cherubic watch, and of a fword the flame 
Wide- waving, all approach far off to fright, 
And guard all paffage to the Tree of Life : 

Left Paradife a receptacle prove 
To fpirits foul, and all my trees their prey, 
With whofe ftol'n fruit Man once more to de 

He ceas'd; and th' arch-angelic Pow'r prepar'd 
For fwift defcent, with him the cohort bright 
Of watchful Cherubim ; four faces each 
Had like a double Janus, all their fhape 
Spangled with eyes more numerous than thofe 
Of Argus, and more wakeful than to droufe, 
Charm'd with Arcadian pipe, the paft'ral reed 
Of Hermes, or his opiate rod. Meanwhile 
To refalute the world with facred light 
Leucothea wak'd, and with frefh dews imbalm' J 
The earth, when Adam, and firft matron Eve 
Had ended now their oriions, and found 
Strength added from above, new hope to fpring 
Out of defpair, joy, but with fear yet link'd ; 
Which thus to Eve his welcome words renew'd: 

Eve, eafily may faith admit, that all 
The good which we enjoy from Heav'n defcends; 
But that from us ought fhould afcend to Heaven 
So prevalent as to concern the mind 
Of God high-bleft, or to incline his will, 
Hard to belief may feem ; yet this will prayer, 
Or one fhort figh of human breath, upborne 
Ev'n to the feat of God. For fince I fought 
By pray'r th' offended Deity to' appeafe, 
Kneel'd and before him humbl'd all my heart, 
Methought I faw him placable and mild, 
Bending his ear ; perfuafion in me grew 
That I was heard with fivour ; peace return'd 
Home to my breaft, and to my memory 
His promife, that thy feed fhall bruife our foe ; 
Which then not minded in difmay, yet now 
Affures me that the bitternefs of death 
Is paft, and we fliall live. Whence hail to thee, 
Eve rightly call'd Mother of all Mankind, 
Mother of all things living, fince by thee 
Man is to live, and all things live for man. 

To whom thus Eve with fad demeanor meek. 
Ill worthy I luch title fhould belong 
To me tranfgreflbr, who for thee ordain'd 
A help, became thy fnare ; to me reproach 
Rather belongs, diftruft and all difpraife : 
But infinite in pardon was my Judge, 
That 1 who firft brought death on all, am grac'd 
The fource of life ; next favourable thou, 
Who highly thus t' entitle me vouchfaf 'ft, 
Far other name deferving. But the field 
To labour calls us now with fweat impos'd, 
Tho' after fleeplefs night ; for fee the morn, 
All unconcern'd with our unreft, begins 
Her rofy progrefs fmiling ; let us forth, 
I never from thy fide henceforth to ftray, 
Where'er our day's work lies, though now in- 


Laborious, till day droop ; while here we dwell, 
What can be toilfome in thefe pleafant walks ? 
Here let us live, tho' in fall'n ftate, content. 

So fpake, fo wifh'd much humbled Eve, but 


Subfcrib'd not ; Nature firft gave figns, imprefs'd 
On bird, beaft, air, airfuddenly eclips'd 
After Ihort blufh of Morn ; nigh in her fight 


Soot X*. 

The t>Ird of Jove ftoop'd from his airy tour, 
Two birds of gayefl plurre before him drove ; 
Down from a hill the beaft that reigns in woods, 
Firft hunter then, purfu'd a gentle brace, 
"Goodlieft of all the foreft, hart and hind ; 
Direct to th' eaftern gate was bent their flight. 
Adam obferv'd, and wirh his eyes the chace 
Purfuing, not unmov'd, to Eve thus fpake : 
O Eve, fome further change awaits us nigh, 
Which Heav'n by thefe mute figns in Nature 


Forerunners of his purpofe, or to warn 
Us naply too fecure of our drfcharge 
From penalty becaufc from death rekas'd 
Some days; how long, and what till then our life, 
Wiio knows, or more than this, that we are duft, 
And thither muft return, and be PO more ? 
Why elfe this double object in cur fight 
Of flight purfu'cl in th' air, and o'er ihe ground, 
One way the felf-feme hour ? why in the eaft 
Darknefs e'er day's mid-c^urfe, and morning-light 
More orient in yon weftern cloud that draws 
O'er the blue firmament a radiant white, 
And flow defcends, with fomething heav'nly 


He err'd not ; for by this the heav'nly bands 
Down from a iky of jafper lighted now 
In Paradife, and on a hill made halt, 
A glorious apparition, had not doubt 
And carnal fear that day dimm'd Adam's eye. 
Not that more glorious, when the Angels met 
Jacob in Mahanaim, where he faw 
The field pavilion' d with his guardians Bright ; 
Nor that which on the flaming mount appear'd 
In Dothan, cover'd with a camp of fire, 
Againft the Syrian king, who, to furprife 
One man, afiaflin-like had levied war, 
"War unproclaim'd. The princely Hierarch 
In their bright fland there left his pow'rs co feize 
Pofiefiion ot the garden ; he alone, 
To find where Adam fheher'd took his way, 
Not unperceiv'd of Adam, who to Eve, 
While the great vifitaat approach'd, thus fpake : 

Eve, now expect great tidings which perhaps 
Of us will foon determine, or impoie 
New laws to be obferv'd ; for 1 defcry 
From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill, 
One of the heav'nly hoft, and by his gait 
None of the meaneil, fome great potentate 
Or < f the thrones above, fuch majefty 
Invefts him coming; yet not terrible, 
That I fliould fear, not fociably mild, 
As Raphael, that I fhould much confide, 
But folemn and fublime, whom not t' offend. 
With reverence I muft meet, and thou retire. 

He ended ; and th* Arch-angel foon drew nigh, 
Not in his ihape celefhal, but as man 
Clad to meet man ; over his lucid arms 
A military veft of purple flow'd 
JLivelier than Meliboean, or the grain 
Of Sarra, worn by kings and heroes old 
Iruime of truce ; Iris had dipt the woof, 
Htefiarry helm unbuckled ftiew'd him prime 
In manhood, where youth ended; by his fide 
As in a glifl'ring zodiac, hung the fword,. 

Satan's dire dread, and in his hand the fpear. 
Adam bow'd low ; he kingly from his ftate 
Inclin'd not ; but his jcoming thus declar 'd : 

Aciam, Heav'n' s high beheft no preface needs : 
Sufficient that thy pray'rs are heard, and Death, 
Then due by fenrence when thou didft tranfgrefs 
Defeated of his feizure many days 
Giv'n thee of grace, wherein thou may'ft repent, 
And one bad act with many deeds well done 
May'ft cover ; well may then thy .Lord appeas'd 
Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious clame ; 
But longer in this Paradife to dwell 
Permits not ; to remove thee I am come, 
And fend from the garden forth to till 
The ground whence th>u waft taken, fitter foiL 

He added not, for Adam at the news 
Heart-ftruck with chilling gripe of forrow flood, 
That all his fenfes bound ; Eve, who unfeen 
Yet all had heard, with audible lament 
Diicover'd foon the place of her retire. 

O unexpected ftroke, worfe than of death ! 
Muft I thus leave thee. Paradife ? thus leave 
Thee, native foil, thefc happy walks and fhades. 
Fit haunt of gods ? where I had hope to fpend, 
Quiet thougn fad, the refpite of that day 
That muft be mortal to us both. O flowers, 
That never will in other climate grow, 
My early vifitation, and my laft 
r\t even, which I bred up with fender hand 
From the firft opening bnd, and give ye names, 
Who now fhall rear ye TO the fun, or rank 
Your tribes, and water from th' ambrofial fount ? 
Thee laftly, nuptial bow'r, by me adorn'd 
With what to fight or fmell was fweer, from thee 
How fliall I part, and whither wander down 
Into a lower world, to this obfcure 
And wild ? how fhall we breathe in other air 
Lefs pure, acctiflom d to immortal fruits ? 

Whom thus the angel interrupted mild, 
Lament not Eve, but patiently refign 
What juftly thou has loft ; nor fet thy heart, 
Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine ; 
Thy going is not lonely ; with thee goes 
Thy hufband ; him to follow thou art bound ; 
Where he abides, think there thy native foil. 

Adam by this from the cold fudden damp 
Recovering, and his fcatter'd fp'rits return d, 
To Michael thus his humble words addrefs'd.* 

CelefHal, whether among the thrones, or nam'd 
-Of them the higheft for fuch of fhape may feem 
Prince above priiices, gently haft thou told 
Thy mefTajje, which might elfe in telling wound^ 
And in performing end us ; what befides 
Of forrow and dejection and defpair 
Our frailty can fiaftain, thy Ridings bring, 
Departure from this happy place, our fweet 
Recefs, and only confolation left 
Familiar to our eyes, all places elfe 
Inhofprtable appear, and defolate, 
Nor knowing- us nor known ; and if by pray'r 
Inceflant I could hope to change the will 
Of him who all things can, I would not ceafe 
To wea;y him with my afliduous cries : 
But pray'r againil his abfolute decree 
No more avails than breath againft the wind, 

Jctt/ XL 


Blown ftifling back on him that breathes it forth : 

Therefore to his great bidding 1 fubmit. 

This moft afflicts me, that departing hence, 

As from his face I fhall be hid, depriv'd 

His bleffed count'nance ; here I could frequent 

With worfliip place by place where he vuuchfaf d 

Prefence divine, and to my fons relate, 

On this mount he appear'd, under this tree 

Stood vifible, among thefe pines his voice 

I heard, bere with him at this fountain talk'd : 

So many grateful altars I would rear 

Of graffy turf, and pile up every ftone 

Of luftre from the brook, in memory, 

Or monument to ages, and thereon 

Offer fweet-fmelling gums, and fruits, and flowers : 

hi yonder nether world where (hall I feek 

His bright appearances, or footfteps tn;ce ? 

For though I fled him angry, yet recall'd 

To life prolong'd and promis'd race, I now 

Gladly behold though but his utmoft fkirts 

Of glory, and far off his fteps adore : 

To whom thus Michael, with regard benign. 
Adam,thou know'ft Heav'n his, and all the earth, 
Not this rock only ; his omniprefence fills 
JLand, fea, and air, and every kind that lives, 
Fomented by his virtual pow'r, and warm'd : 
AH th' earth he gave thee to poffefs and rule, 
No defpicable gift ; furmife not then 
His prefence to thefe narrow bounds confuv d 
Of Paradife or Eden : this had been 
Perhaps thy Capital feat, from whence had fpread 
All generations, and had hither come 
From all the ends of th' earth, to celebrate 
And reverence thee, their great Progenitor. 
But this prxeminei ce thou haft loft, brought 


To dwell on even ground now with thy fons : 
Yet doubt not but in valley and in plain 
God is as here, and will be found alike 
Prefent, and of his prefence many a fign 
Still following thee, ftdl! compaffing thee round 
With goodnefs and paternal love, his face 
Exprefs, and of his fteps the track divine. 
Which that thou may'ft believe, and be confirm'd 
L'cr thou from hence depart, know I am fent 
To (hew thee what fhall come in future days 
TG thee and to thy offspring; good with bad 
Expect to hear, fupernal grace contending 
"With finfulnefs of man ; thereby to learn 
True patience, and to temper joy with fear 
And pious forrow, equally inur'd 
By moderation either ftate to bear, 
Profperous or adverfe : fo (halt thou lead 
Safeft thy life, and beft prepar'd endure 
Thy mortal paffage when it comes. Afcend 
This hill ; let Eve (for I have drench'd her eyes) 
Here ileep below, while thru to forefiglu wak'ft; 
As once thou fleptft, while flie to life was form'd 

To whom thus /idam gratefully reply'd. 
Afcend, I follow thee, Me guide, the path 
Thou lead 1 ft me, and to the hand of Heav'n fubmit 
However chaft'ning, to the evil turn 
My obvious breaft, arming to overcome 
By fuffering, and earn reft from labour won, 
li fo I may attain. So both afcend 

In the vifions of God : It was a hill 
Of Paradife the higheft, from whufe top 
["he hemisphere of earth in cleareft ktu 
tretch'd out to th' ampleft reach of profj>e lay. 
iot high'cr that hill, nor wider looking round, 
Whereon for different caufe the Tempter fet 
Dur fecond Adam in the wildernefs, 
To (hew him all Earth's kingdoms and their glory, 
iis eye might there command wherever ftood 

of old or modern fame, the feat 
Of mightieft empire from the deftin'd walla 

Cambalu, feat of Cathaian Can, 
And Samarchand by Oxus, Temir's throne, 
To Paquin of Sinajan kings, and thence 
To Agra and Labor of great Mogul 
Down to the golden Cherfonefe, or where 
Tbe Perfian in Ecbatan fat, or fmce 
[n Hifpahan, or where the Ruffian Kfer 
In Mofco, or the Sultan in Bizance, 
Turcheftan-born ; nor could his eye not ken 
Th' empire of Negus to his utmoft port 
Ercoco, and the lefs maratim kings 
Mombaza, and Quiloa, and Melind, 
And Sofala thought Ophir, to the realm 
Of Congo, and Angola fartheft fouth ; 
Or thence from Niger flood to Atlas mount 
The kingdoms of Almanfor, Fez, and Sus, 
Morocco and Algiers, and Tremifen ; 
On Europe thence, and where Rome was to fway 
The world : in fp'rit perhaps he alfo faw 
Rich Mexico, the feat of Montezume, 
And Cufco, in Peru, the richer feat 
Of Atabalipa, and yet unfpoil'd 
Guiana, whole great city Gcryon' fons 
Call El Dorado : but to nobler fights 
Michael from Adam's eyes the film remov'd, 
Which that falie fruit that promis'd clearer fight 
Had bred ; then purg'd with euphrafy and rue 
The vifual nerve, for he had rrmch to fee ; 
And from the well of life three drops inftill'd. 
So deep the power of thefe ingredients pierc'd, 
E en to th' imnoft feat of mental fight, 
That Adam nowenforc'd to clofe his eyes, 
Sunk down, and all his fp'rits became intranc'd ; 
But him the gentle angel by the hand 
Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recall'd. 

Adam, now ope thine eyes, and firft behold 
Th' effects which thy original crime haths 


In fome to fpring from thee, who never touch'd 
Th' excepted tree, nor with the fnake confpir'd, 
Nor finn d thy fin, yet from that fin derive 
Corruption to bring forth more violent deeds. 

His eyes he open'd, and beheld a field, 
Part arable and tilth, whereon were fheaves 
New rcap'd, the other part (heep-walks and folds; 
T th' mivlft an altar as the land-mark ftood, 
Ruftic, of graffy ford; thither anon 
A fvveaty reaper from his tillage brought 
Firft fruits, the green ear, and the yellow fheaf, 
Uncull'd, as came to hand; a fhepherd next 
More meek came with the firftiings of his flock 
Chciceft and beft ; then facrificing, kid 
The inwards and their fat, with incenfe ftrow'd^ 
On. the cleft wood, and all due rites perform'd. 


His offering foon propitious fire from Heav'n 
Confum'd \vith nimble glance, and grateful flream ; 
The other's not, for his was not fmcere ; 
Whereat he only rag'd, and as they talk'd, 
Smote him into the midriff with a ftone 
That beat out life ; he fell, and deadly pale 
Groan'd out his foul with gufhing blood effus'd. 
Much at that fight was Adam in his heart 
Difmay'd, and thus in hafte to th' angel cry'd : 

O Teacher, fome great mifchief hath befalFn 
To that meek man, who well had facrific'd; 
Is piety thus and pure devotion paid ? 

T' whom Michael thus, he alfo mov'd, reply'd. 
Thefe two are brethren, Adam, and to come 
Out of thy loins ; th' unjuft the juft had flain, 
For envy that his brother's offering found 
From Heav'n 'acceptance ; but the bloody fact 
Will be aveng'd, and th' other's faith approv'd 
Lofe no reward, tho' here thou fee him die, 
Rolling in duft and gore. To which our Sire. 

Alas, both for the deed and for the caufe ! 
But have I now feen death ? is this the way 
I muft return to native duft ? O fight 
Of terror, foul and ugly to behold, 
Horrid to think, how horrible to feel ! 

To whom thus Michael. Death thou haft feen 
In his firft lhape on man ; but many fhapes 
Of death, and many are the ways that lead 
To his grim cave, all difmal ; yet to fenfe 
More terrible at th' entrance than within. 
Some, as thou faw'ft, by violent ftroke lhall die, 
By fire, flood, famine, by intemp'rance more 
In meats and drinks, which on the earth lhall 


Difeafes dire, of which a monftrous crew 
Before thee mall appear ; that thou may'ft know 
What mifery th' inabftinence of Eve 
Shall bring on men. Immediately a place 
Before his eyes appear'd, fad, noifome, dark, 
A lazar-houfe it feem'd, wherein were laid 
Numbers of all difeas'd, all maladies ; 
Of ghaftly fpafm, or racking torture, qualms 
Of heart>fick agony, all feverous kinds, 
Convulfions, epilepfies, fierce catarrhs, 
Inteftine ftone and ulcer, colic pangs, 
Demoniac phrenzy, moaping melancholy, 
And moon-ftruck madnefs, pining atrophy, 
Marafmus, and wide-wafting peftilence, 
Dropfies, and afthmas, and joint racking rheums. 
Dire was the tofling, deep the groans ; Defpair 
Tended the fick bufieft from couch to couch j 
And over them triumphant Death his dart 
Shook, but delay'd to ftrike, though oft invok'd 
With vows, as their chief good, and final hope. 
Sight fo deform, what heart of rock could long 
Dry-ey'd behold ? Adam could not, but wept, 
Though not of woman born ; compaflion quell' d 
His beft of man, and gave him up to tears 
A fpace, till firmer thoughts reftrain'd excels.; 
And fcarce recovering wards his plaint renew'd. 
O miferable Mankind, to what fall 
Degraded, to what wretched ftate refeiVd ! 
Better end here unborn. Why is life given 
To be thus wrefted from us ? rather why 
Obtruded on us thus ? who if he knew 


What we receive, would either not accept 
Life offer 'd, or foon beg to lay it down, 
Glad to be fo difmifs'd in peace. Can thus 
Th' image of God in man created once 
So goodly and erect, though faulty fince, 
To fuch unfightly fufferings be debas'd 
Under inhuman pains ? Why ihould not man, 
Retaining ftill divine fimilitude 
Ir^ part, from fuch deformities be free, 
And for his Maker's image fake exempt ? 

Their Maker's image, anfwered Michael, then 
Forfook them, when themfelves they vilify'd 
To ferve ungovern'd appetite, and took 
His image whom they ferv'd, a brutiih vice, 
Inductive mainly to the fin of Eve. 
Therefore fo abject is their puriifhment, 
Disfiguring not God's likenefs, but their own, 
Or if his likenefs by themfelves defac'd, 
While they pervert pure Nature's healthful rules 
To loathfome ficknefs, worthily, fince they 
God's image did not reverence in themfelves, 

I yield it juft, faid Adam, and fubmir. 
But is there yet no other way, befides 
Thefe painful pafiages, how we may come 
To death, and mix with our connatural duft ? 

There is, faid Michael, if thou well obferve 
The rule of not too much, by temp'rance taught, 
In what thou eat'ft and drink'ft, feeking from 


Due nourifhment, not gluttonnous delight, 
Till many years over thy head return : 
So may'ft thou live, till like ripe fruit you drop 
Into thy mother's lap, or be with eafe 
jGather'd, not harlhly pluck'd, for death mature J 
This is old age ; but then thou muft outlive 
Thy youth, thy ftrength, thy beauty, which will 


To wither'd weak, and grey ; thy fenfe then 
Obtufe, all tafte of pleafure muft forego 
To what thou haft ; and for the air of youth, 
Hopeful and cheerful, in thy blood will reign 
A melancholy damp of cold and dry 
To weigh thy fpirits down, and laft confume 
The balm of Life. To whom our Anceftor. 

Henceforth I fly not death, nor would prolong 
Life much, bent rather how I may be quit 
Fair eft and eafieft of this cumbrous charge, 
Which I muft keep till my appointed dajf 
Of rend'ring up, and patiently attend 
My diffblution. Michael reply'd. 

Nor love thy life, nor hate : but what thou liv'ft 
Live well, how long or fhort permit to Heav'n : 
And now prepare thee for another fight. 

He look'd, and faw a fpacious plain, whereon 
Were tents of various hue ; by fome were herds 
Of cattle grazing ; others, whence the found 
Of inftruments that made melodious chime 
Was heard, of harp and organ ; and who mov'd 
Their ftops and chords, was feen ; his volont touch 
Inftinct through all proportion flow and high 
Fled and purfu'd tranfverfe the refonant fugue. 
In other part ftood one, who at the forge 
Laboring, two mafiy clods of ir'n and brafs 
Had melted, (whether found where cafual fire 
Had wafted woods in mountain or in vale, 



Down to the veins of earth, thence gliding hot 
To fome cave's mouth, or whether wafh'dby ftream 
From underground) the liquid ore he drain'd 
Into fit moulds prepar'd ; from which he form'd 
Firft his own tools; then, what might elfe be 


Fufil or grav'n in metal. After thefe, 
But on the hither fide, a different fort [feat, 

From the high neighb'ring hills, which was their 
Down to the plain defcended ; by their guife 
Juft men they feem'd, and all their ftudy bent 
To worfhip God aright, and know his works 
Not hid, nor tliofe things laft which might pre- 


Freedom and peace to men : they on the plain 
Long had not walk'd, when from the tents behold 
A bevy of fair women, richly gay 
In gems and wanton drefs ; to th' harp they fung 
Soft amorous ditties, and in dance came on : 
The men, though grave, ey'd them, and let their 
Rove without rein, till in the amorous net [eyes 
Faft caught, they lik'd, and each his liking chofe ; 
And now of love they treat, till th' evening ftar, 
Love's harbinger, appear'd ; then all in heat 
They light the nuptial torch, and bid invoke 
Hymen, then firft to marriage rites invok'd : 
With feaft and mufic all the tents refound. 
Such happy interview and fair event 
Of love and youth not loft, fongs, garlands, flowers, 
And charming fymphonies attach'd the heart 
Of Adam, foon inclin'd t' admit delight, 
The bent of Nature; \\hich he thus exprefs'd : 
True opener of mine eyes, prime Angel bleft, 
Much better feems this vifion, and more hope 
Of peaceful days portends than thofe two paft ; 
Thofe were of hate and death, or pain much 

Here Nature feems fulfill'd in all her ends. 

To whom thus Michael. Judge not what is 
By pleafure, though to nature feeming meet,[beft 
Created, as thou art, to nobler end, 
Holy and pure, conformity divine. 
Thofe tents thou faw'ft fo pleafant, were the tents 
Of Wickednefs, wherein fhall dwell his race 
Who flew his brother ; ftudious they appear 
Of arts that polifh life, inventors rare, 
Unmindful of their Maker, though his fpirit 
Taught them, but they his gifts acknowledg'd 


Yet they a beauteous offspring fhall beget ; 
For that fair female troop thou faw'ft, that feern'd 
Of goddeffes, fo blithe, fo fmooth, fo gay, 
Yet empty of all good, wherein confifts 
Woman's domeftic honour and chief praife ; 
Bred only and completed to the tafte 
Of luftful appetence, to fing, to dance, 
To drefs, and troll the tongue, and roll the eye, 
To thefe that fober race of men, whofe lives 
Religious titled them the fons of God, 
Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame 
Ignobly, to the trains and to the fmiles 
Of thefe fair Atheifts, and now fwim in joy, 
E'er long to fwim at large ; and laugh, for which 
The world e'er long a world of tears muft weep. 
To whom thus Adam, of fhort joy bereft. 

O pity' and fhame, that they who to live well 
Enter'd fo fair, fhould turn afide to tread 
Paths indirect, or in the mid way faint ! 
But ftill I fee the tenor of man's woe 
Holds on the fame, from woman to begin. 

From man's effeminate flacknefs it begins, 
Said th* Angel, who fhould better hold his place 
By wifdom and fuperior gifts receiv'd : 
But now prepare thee for another fcene. 

He look'd, and faw wide territory fpread 
Before him, towns, and rural works between, 
j Cities of men, with lofty gates and towers, 
Concourfe in arms, fierce faces threat'ning war, 
Giants of mighty bone, and bold emprife ; 
Part wield their arms, part curb the foaming ftced, 
Single or in array of battle rang'd 
Both horfe and foot, nor idly muft'ring flood ; 
One way a band felect from forage drives 
A herd of beeves, fair oxen and fair kine 
From a fat meadow ground ; or fleecy flock, 
Ewes and their bleating lambs over the plain, 
Their booty ; fcarce with life the fhepherds fly-, 
But call in aid, which makes a bloody fray ; 
With cruel tourneament the fquadrons join; 
Where cattle paftur'd late, now fcatter'd lies 
With carcafes and arms th' infanguin'd field 
Deferted : others to a city ftrong 
Lay fiege, incamp'd ; by battery, fcale, and mine, 
Affauking ; others from the wall defend 
With dart and javcline, ftones and fulphurous fire; 
On each hand flaughter and gigantic deeds. 
In other parts the fcepter'd heralds call 
To council in the city gates : anon 
Grey-headed men, and grave, with warriors mix'd 
Affemble, and harangues are heard, but foon 
In factious oppofition, till at laft 
Of middle age one rifing, eminent 
In wife deport, fpake much of right and wrong, 
Of juftice, cf religion, truth, and peace, 
And judgment from above : him old and young 
Exploded, and had feis'd with violent hands> 
Had not a cloud defcending fnatch'd him thence 
Unfeen amid the throng : fo violence 
Proceeded, and oppreffion, and fworn-law 
Thro' all the plain, and refuge none was found. 
Adam was all in tears, and to his guide 
Lamenting, turn'd full fad : O what are thefe, 
Death's minifters, not men, who thus deal death 
Inhumanly to men, and multiply 
Ten thousandfold the fin of him who flew 
His brother : for of whom fuch maffacre 
Make they but of their brethren, men of men ? 
But who was that juft man, whom had not 

Refcued, had in his righteoufnefs been !oft ? 

To whom thus Michael. Thefe are the product 
Of thofe ill-mated marriages thou faw'ft ; 
Where good with bad were match'd, who, of 


Abhor to join ; and by imprudence mix'd, 
Produce prodigious births of body' or mind. 
Such were thefe giants, men of high renown ; 
For in thofe days might only fhall b* 
And valour and heroic virtue call'd ; 
To overcome in battle, and fubdue 


Nations, and bring home fpoils with infinite 

Man-naughter, fhall be held the higheft pitch 

Of human glory, and for glory done 

Of triumph, to be ftil'd greater conquerors, 

Patrons of mankind, gods, and fons of gods, 

Deftroyers rightlier call'd, and plagues of men. 

Thus fame fhall be achiev'd, renown on earth, 

And what moil merits fame in filence hid. 

But he the fev'nth from thee, whom thou beheldft 

The only righteous in a world perverfe, 

And therefore hated, therefore fo beiet 

With foes for daring fmgle to be juft, 

And utter odious truth, that God would come 

To judge them with his faints : him the moft 


Rapt in a balmy cloud, with winged feeds 
Did, as thou faw 'ft, receive, to walk with God 
High in falvation and the climes of blifs, 
Exempt from death ; to ihew thee what reward 
Awaits the good, the reft what puniihment ; 
Which now direct thine eyes, and foon behold. 
He look'd, and faw the face of things quhe 

chang'd ; 

The brazen throat of war had ceas'd to roar ; 
All now was turn'd to jollity and game, 
To luxury and riot, feaft and dance, 
Marrying or proftituting, as befcl, 
Rape or adultery, where pafiing fair 
Allur'd them ; thence from cups to civil broils. 
At length a reverend fire among them came, 
And of their doings great difiike declar'd, 
And teflify'd againft their ways ; he oft 
Frequented their affemblies, wherefo met, 
Triumphs of feftivals, and to them preach'd 
Converfion and repentance, as to fouls 
In prifon under judgments imminent : 
JBut all in vain, which when he faw, he ceas'd 
Contending, and remov'd his tents far off; 
Then from the mountain hewing timber tall, 
Began to build a veffel of huge bulk, 
Meafur'd by cubit, length, and breadth, and 


Smear'd round with pitch, and in the fide a door 
Contriv'd, and of provifions laid in large 
For man and beaft : when lo a wonder ftrange ! 
Of every beaft, and bird, and iniecT: fmall 
Came fev'ns, and pairs, and enter'd in, as taught 
Their order : lail the fire, and his three ions 
With their four wives ; and God made fail the 

Meanwhile the fouth wind rofe, and with black 


Wide hovering all the clouds together drove 
From under Heav'n ; the hills to their fupply 
Vapour and exhalation, duflc and moift, 
Sent up amain ; and now the thicken'd iky 
Like a dark deling flood ; down rufn'd the rain 
Impetuous, and continued till the earth 
No more was feen ; the floating veffel fwum 
Uplifted, and fecure with beaked prow 
Rode tilti-ng o'er the waves ; all dwellings eHe 
Flood .overwhelm'd, and them with all their pomp 
Beep under water ,roll'd, fea cover'd fsa, 
Sea without fhore ; and in their palaces 
Where luxury lato^reigia'd, iiea-monftsrs whelp'd 

And (tabled ; of mankind, fo numerous late, 
All left, in one fmall bottom fwum imbark'd. 
How th'dft thou grieve then, Adam, to behold 
The end of all thy offspring, end fo fad, 
Depopulation ? thee another flood, 
Of tears and fonow' a flood thee alfo drown '-d, 
And funk thee as thy fons; till gently rear'd 
By the Angel, on thy feet thou ftood''ft at laft, 
Tho' comfordefb, as Alien a father mourns 
His children, all in view deftroy'd at once ; 
And fcarce to th' Angel utter'dft thus thy plaint. 

O vjfions ill forefeeii ! better had I 
Liv'd ignorant of future, fo had borne 
My part of evil only, each day's lot 
Enough to bear ; thoi'e now, that were difpcns'd 
The burd'n of many ages, on me light 
At once, by rny foreknowledge gaining birth 
Abortive, to torment me e'er their being, 
With thought that they muft be. Let no mafi 


Henceforth to l?>e foretold what fhall befal 
Him or his children ; evil he may be fure, 
Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, 
And he the future evil fhall no lefs 
In appreheniion than in fubftance feel 
Grievous to bear : but that care now is pafl, 
Man is not whom to warn : thofe few efcap'd 
Famine and anguifh will at laft confume 
Wand'ring that wat'ry defert : I had hope 
When violence was ceas'd, and war on earth, 
All would have then gone well, peace would have 


With length of happy days the race of man ; 
But I was far deceiv'd , for now I fee 
Peace to corrupt no lefs than war to wafte. 
How cornes it thus ? unfold, celeftial Guide, 
And whether here the race of man will end. 
To whom thus Michael. Thofe whom laft thou? 


In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they 
Firit feen in acts of prowefs eminent 
And great exploits, but of true virtue void ; 
Who having fpilt much blood, and done muck 


Subduing nations, and achiev'd thereby 
Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey, 
Shall change their courfe to pleafure, eafe, anrf 
Surfeit, and luft, till wantonnefs and pride [floth, 
Raiie out of friendfhip hoflile deeds in peace. 
The conquer'd alfo, and inflav'd by war 
Shall with their freedom loft all virtue lofe 
And fear of God, from whom their piety feign'd 
In fharp conteft of battle found no aid 
Againft invaders ; therefore cool'd in zeal 
Thenceforth fhall praetife how to live fecure, 
Worldly or diffolute, on what their lords 
Shall leave them to enjoy j for th' earth fhall bear 
More than enough, that temp'rancc may be try'd: 
So all fhall turn degenerate, all deprav'd, 
Juftice .and temp'rance, truth arid faith forgot 
One man except, the only Son of Light 
In a dark age, againft example good, 
Againft allurement, cuftom, and a world 
Offended ; fearlefs of reproach and fcorn, 
Or violence, he cf their wicked ways. 

Jttok XL 


Shall them admonifli, and before them fet 
The paths of righteoufnefs, how much more fafe 
And full of peace, denouncing wrath to come 
On their impenitence ; and fliall return 
Of them derided, but of God obferv'd 
The one juft man alive ; by his command 
Shall build a wondrous ark, as thou beheld ft, 
To fave himfelf and household from amidil 
A world devote to univerfal wrack. 
No fooner he with them of man and beaft 
Select for life fliall in the ark be lodg'd, 
And flielter'd round, but all the cataracts 
'Of Heav'n fet open on the earth fliall pour 
Rain day and night; all fountains of the deep 
Broke up, fhall heave the ocean to ufurp 
Beyond all bounds, till inundation rife 
Above the higheft hills ; then fliall this mount 
Of Paradife by might of waves be mov'd 
Out of his place, pufti'd by the horned flood, 
With all his verdure fpoil'd, and trees adrift, 
Down the great river to the op'ning gulf, 
And there take root an ifland fait and bare, 
The haunt of feals, and ores, and fea-mews clang J 
To teach thee that God attributes to place 
No fan&ity, if none be thither brought 
By men who there frequent, or therein dwell. 
And now what further fliall enfue, behold. 

He look'd, and faw the ark hull on the flood, 
Which now abated ; for ^the clouds were fled, 
Driv'n by a keen north-wind, that blowing dry 
Wrinkled the face of Deluge, as decay'd ; 
And the clear fun on his wide wat'ry glafs 
Gaz'd hot, and of the freih wave largely drew, 
As after third, which made their flowing fhrink 
From (landing lake to tripping ebb, that ftole 
With foft foot tow'rds the Deep, who now had 


His flukes, as the Heav'n his windows fliut. 
The ark no more now floats, but feems on ground 
Fall on the top of fome high mountain fix'd. 
And now the tops of hills as rocks appear ; 
With clamour thence the rapid currents drive 
Tow'rds the retreating fea their furious tide. 
Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies, 
And after him, the furer meflenger, 
A dove fent forth once and again to fpy 
Green tree or ground whereon his foot may light j 

The fecond time returning, in his bill 
An olive leaf he brings, pacific fign : 
Anon dry ground appears, and from his ark 
The ancient fire defcends with all his train ; 
Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout,' 
Grateful to Heav'n, o'er his head beholds 
A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow 
Confpicuous with three lifted colours gay, 
Betokening peace from God, and covenant new.' 
Whereat the heart of Adam, erft fo fad, 
Greatly rejoic'd ; and thus his joy broke forth* 

O thou who future things can reprefent 
As prefcnt, heav'nly Inftructor, I revive 
At this laft fight, affur'd that man fliall live 
With all the creatures, and their feed preferve* 
Far lefs I now lament for one whole world 
Of wicked fons deftroy'd, than I rejoice 
For one man found fo perfect and fo juft, 
That God vouchfafes to raifc another world 
From him, and all his anger to forget. 
But fay, what mean thofe colour' d ftfeaks ifi' 


Diftended as the brow of God appeas'd, 
Or ferve they as a flow'ry verge to bind 
The fluid flcirts of that fame watry cloud, 
Left it again diffolve and fhow'r the earth ? 
To whom the archangel. Dext'roufly thou 

aim'ft ; 

S& willingly doth God .remit his ire, 
Though late repenting him of man deprav'd, 
Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he faw 
whe whole earth fill'd with violence, and all flefli 
Corrupting each their way ; yet thofe remov'd, 
Such grace fliall one juft man find in his fight, 
That he relents, not to blot out mankind, 
And makes a covenant never to deftroy 
The Earth again by flood, nor let the fea 
Surpafs his bounds, nor rain to drown the world,' 
With man therein or beaft } 'but when he brings 
Over the Earth a cloud, will therein fet 
His triple-colour'd bow, whereon to look* 
And call to mind his covenant : day and night,' 
Seed-time and harveft, heat and hoary froft 
Shall hold their courfe, till fire purge all thingd' 

Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein the juft ihalt 



BOOK xu, 


The awgel Michael continues .from the- Flood tpf- relate what (hall fucceed.; than, in. the mention, of, 
Abraham, comes by degrees to explain, who that Seed of the - Womaa fliall be, which: was prmni- 
fed Adam and Eve in the fall"; his incarnation, death, refurre&ion, and afceniion ; the ftate of the 
Church till hi* fecond coming. Adam, greatly fatisfied and recomfortad;by thefe relations and pro- 
mifes, defcends the hill with Michael.; wakens. Eve, who all this while had flepty. but with gentle 
dreams com^pos'd to quietnefs of mind and iubmiffion. Michael, in either hand, leads them- out o 
Paradife, the fiery fvvord waving behind. them,, and tha cherubim 1 .taking their. ftarions to guard the 

As on who-' in his j.6urney bates at noon, 
Though bent on fpeed ; ib here th r arclw-angel 


Betwixt the world deftroy'd. and world reftor'd, 
If Adam ought pefhaps might interpofe; 
Then with tranfition fweet new fpeech refume3. 

Thus thon- haft feen one,workl begin ajndififld ; 
And man a* from a fecond, flock proceed,' 
Much thou haft: yet tO: fee, but L perceive. 
Thy mortal fight to fail ; obje&s divine. 
Muft need* impair and; weary, human fenft;- 
Henceforth what is to come l' wilLrclate; 
Thou therefore give due audience, and attend; 
This fecond fource of rnen,. while yet '.but: few,. 
And while the dread of judgment pair, remains 
Frefh in their minds, fearing the Deity, 
With fome regard to what is juft and right 
Shall lead their lives, and multiply apace, 
JLab'ring the foil, and reaping plenteous crop, 
Corn, wine,, and oil ; and from the herd or flock 
Oft facrificing bullock, lamb, or kid, 
With large wine-offerings pour'd, and facred feaft, 
Shall fpend their days in joy unblam'd, and dwell 
Long time in peace by families and tribes 
tinder paternal rule ; till one fhall rife 
Of proud ambitious heart, who not content 
With fair equality, fraternal ftate, 
Will arrogate dominion undeferv'd 
Over his brethren, and quite difpoflefs 
Concord and law of nature from the earth, 
Hunting (and men, not beafts fhall be his game) 
With war and hoftile fnare, fuch as refiife 
Subjection to his empire tyrannous ; 

A mighty. Hunter thence he ffial! be ftil'd 
Before the Lord, as in defpigrrt. of. Heay'n^ 
Or from Heav'n claiming fecond fov'reignty; 
And from rebellion fhall -.derive his name, 
Though of rebellion' others he accaies. 
He with a crew, whom like ambition: joins 
With him, or under him to tyrannize, 
Marching from. Sden tow'rds the weft, flmll fuu 
The phtin, whennn.a blade bituminous ,gwge 
Boils, out from under ground, the month; of; Hell * 
Of bricfc,. andiof that ftuiF: they, caft> to build 
A city' and. tower, whofe. top rnay : readhi ttM 


And get themftilvcs a name^ left .far dHperVok 
In foreign bnds. their memory- , be loft-, 
Regardlefs whethefgood or evil fame. 
But God, who oft defcends to vifit men 
Unfeen, and through their habitations walk? 
To mark t^eir doings, them behslding foon, 
Comes down to fee their city, e'er the towep 
ObftracT: Heav'n-tow'rs, and in derifion fets 
Upon their tongues a various fp'rit to rafe 
O^ite out their native language, and inftead 
To fow a jangling ndife of words unknown ; 
Forthwith a hideous gabble rifes loud 
Among the builders ; each to other calls 
Not underftood, till hoarle, and all in rage, , 
As mock'd they ftorm ; ^reat laughter was in 


And looking down, to fee the hubbub ftrange, 
And hear the din ; thus was the building left 
Ridiculous, and the work Confufion nam'd. 
thereto thus Adam, fatherly, difpleas'd, 



O execrable fon, fo to afpire . 

Above his brethren, to himfelf aiFuming 
Authority ufurp'd, from God not giv'n : 
' He gave us only over beaft, fifh, fowl, 
Dominion a-bfolute ; that right we hold 
By his donation ; but man over men 
He made not lord ; fuch title to himfe'f 
Referving, hlimtfn left from human freo. 
But this wfufper his encroachment proud 
Stays not on ma-fi ; to God his tow'r intends 
Siege andf deftance ; wretched man ! What food 
Will he convey up thither to fuftaia 
% Hirnfelf and his rafli army, where thin air 
Above the clouds will pine his entrails grofs, 
And famifh him' of brbath, if not of bread ? 
To whom thus Michael. Juftly thou abhorr'ft 
That fon, wko on the quiet ftate of men 
Such trouble brought, affe&iflg to fubd'ue 
Rational Jibe/ty ; yet know withal, 
Since thy origin*! lapfc true liberty 
Is loft, which always whh right reafon dwell's 
Twinn'd, and from her hath no dividual being j 
Reafon in man ob'fcur'd, or not obey'd, 
Immediately inordinate defires 
And upftart piifiions catch the government 
From reafon, and to forvitude reduce 
Man till then free, Therefore, fince he permits 
Within himfelf unworthy powers to reiga- 
Over free reafon, God in judgment juft 
Subjedfcs hiiti from without to violent lords ; 
! Who oft as undefervedly mthrall 
I His outward freedom ; tyranny muft be, 
Thougli tp the tyrant thereby no excufe. 
Yet foroe times nations will decline f6 low 
From virtue which is reafon, that no wrong, 
| But juftice; and fonte- fatal curfe annex'd, 
i Deprives them of their outward liberty, 
1 Their inward loft : witnefs th' irreverent fon 
I Of him, who built the ark, who for te (hums 
Done to his father, heard this heavy curfc, 
Servant offet-vants, on his vicious race. 
Thus will this latter, as -the former world, 
Still tend from bad tt> worfe, till God at laft 
Wearied with their iniquities, withdraw 
His prefenee from among them, and avert 
His holy eyes ; refolving from thenceforth 
To leave them to their own polluted ways ; 
And one peculiar nation to fcle5t 
From all the reft, of whom to be invok'd, 
A nation from one faithful man to fpring : 
Him en this fide Euphrates yet refiding, 
Bred up in idol T \vorftiip ; O that man 
(Canft thou believe ?) fhould be fo fhrpkl grown; 
While yet the Patriarch liv'd, who fcap'd the 


As to forfake the living God, and full 
TQ worlhip their own work in wood and ftone 
For Gods ! yet him God the moil High vouch- 


To call by viHon from his father's houfe, 
His kindred and fakfe gods, into a knd 
Which he will fhew him, and from him will raife 
A. mighty nation, and upon him ihowcr 
His benediction fo, that in his feed 
^ nation &U be Weft ; he ftrait obeys, 

Not knowing to what land, yet fifrft believes ; 

I fee him, but thou canft not, with what faith 

He leaves his gods, his friends, and native foil 

Ur of ChaWcea, pafllng now the ford, 

To Haran, after him a cumbrous train 

Of herds and fl&cks, and numerous fervitude ; 

Not wand'ring poor, but trufting all his wealth 

With God, who call'd him, in a land unknown. 

Canaan he now attains; I fee his tents 

Pitch'd about Sechem, and the neighb'ring plain 

Of Moreh ; there by promife he receives 

Gift to his progeny of all that land, 

From Hamath northward to the defert fouth, 

(Things by their nafties I call, though yet un 


From Hermon eaft to the great weftern fea ; 
Mount Hermon, yonder fea, each place behold 
In profpecl, as I point them ; on the fhore 
Mount Carmel ; here the double-founted ftream 
Jordan, true limit eaftward ; but his fons 
Sha41 dwell to Senir, that long ridge of hills. 
This ponder, that all nations of the earth 
Shall in his feed he bkffed ; by that feed 
Is meant thy great deliverer, who fhall bruifc 
The ferpent's head ; whereof to thee anon 
Plainlier ihall be reveal'd. This patriarch bleft, 
"Whom faithful Abraham due time fhall call, 
A fon, and of his fon a grand-child leaves, 
Like him in faith, in wifdom, and renown ; 
The grand-child with twelve fons increas'd departs 
From Canaan, to a land hereafter call'd 
Egypt, divided by the river Nile ; 
See where it flows, difgorging at feven mouths 
Into the fea : to ibjourn in that land 
He comes, invited by a younger fon 
In time of dearth, a fon whofe worthy deeds 
Raife him to be the fccond in that realm 
Of Pharoah : there he dies, and leaves his race 
Jrowing into a nation, and now grown 
Sufpe6led to a fequent khlg, who feeks 
To ftop their overgrowth, as inmate guefts 
Too numerous ; whence of guefts he makes thenj 


rihofpitably*, and kills their infant rriales ; 
Till by two brethren (thofe two brethren call 
Mofes and Aaron) fent from God to claim 
H(is people from inthralment, they return 
With glory' and fpoil back to their promis'd land, 
3ut firft the lawlefe tyrant, who denies 
To know their God, er meflage to regard, 
Muft be compelld, by figns and judgments dire 5 
To blood unlhed the rivers muft be turn'd ; 
gs^ lice, and flies, muft all his palace fill 
With loath'd intrufionj and fill all the land ; 
-lis Cattle muft of rot and murren die ; 
Jotches and blains muft all his flefh imbofs, 
And all his people ; thunder mix'd with hail, 
lail mix'd with fire, muft rend th' Egyptian ikf, 
And wheel on" th'earth, devouring where it rolls; 
What it devours not, herb, or fruit, or grain, 
A darkfome cloud of locufts fwarming down 
VTiift eat, and on the ground leave nothing green J 
Darknefs muft overfhadow all his bounds, 
pable darknefs, and blot out three days ; 
t with one raidniph ftroke nil the firft-botn 



Book XII. 

Of Egypt muft lie dead. Thus with ten wounds 
The river-dragon tam'd at length fubmits 
To let his fojourners depart, and oft 
Humbles his ftubborn heart, but ftill as ice 
More harden'd after thaw, till in his rage 
Purfuing whom he late difmifs'd, the fea 
Swallows him with his hoft, but them lets pafs 
As- on dry land, between two cryftal walls, 
Aw'd by the rod of Mofes fo to ftand 
Divided, till his refcued gain their Ihore : 
Such wondrous power God to his faint will lend, 
Though prefeht in his angel, who {hall go 
Before them in a cloud, and pill'ar of fire, 
By day a cioud, by night a pill'ar of fire, 
To guide them in their journey, and remove 
Behind them, while th' obdurate king purfues : 
All night he will purfue, but his approach 
Davknefs defends between till morning watch ; 
Then through the fiery pillar and the cloud 
God looking forth will trouble all his hoft, 
And craze their chariot wheels : when, by com 

Mofes once more his potent rod extends 
Over the fea ; the fea his rod obeys; 
On their embattl'd ranks the waves return, 
And overwhelm their war ; the race ele6l 
Safe towards Canaan from the ihore advance 
Through the wild defert, not the readieft way, 
Left entering on the Canaanite alarm'd, 
War terrify them inexpert, and fear 
Return them back to Egypt, choofing rather 
Inglorious life with fervitude ; for life 
To noble and ignoble is more fweet 
Untrain'd in arms, where rafhnefs leads not on. 
This allb fhall they gain by their delay 
In the wide wildernefs ; there they fhall found 
Their government, and their fenate choofe 
Through the twelve Tribes, to rule by laws or 

dain'd : 

God from the mount of Sinai, whofe grey top 
Shall tremble, he defcending, will himfelf 
III- thunder, lightning, and loud trumpet's found, 
Ordain them laws ; part fuch as appertain 
To civil juftice, part religious rites 
Of facrifice, informing them, by type* 
And fhadows, of that deftin'd feed to bruife 
The Serpent, by what means he fhall achieve 
Mank' 'id's deliverance. But the voice of God 
To mortal ear is dreadful ; they befeech 
That Mofes might report to them his will, 
And terror ceafe ; he grants what they befought 
Inftrudrcd that to God is no accefs 
Without Mediator, whofe high office now 
Mofes in figure bears, to introduce 
One greater, of whofe day he fhall foretel> 
And all the Prophets in their age the times 
Of great Mefli'h fhall fmg. Thus laws and rit 
Eftablifh'd, fuch delight hath God in men 
Obedient to his will, that he vouchfafes 
Among them to fet up his tabernacle, 
The Holy One with mortal men to dwell : 
By his prefcript a fanduary is fram'd 
Of cedar, overlaid with gold, therein 
An arki an <l i n the ark his teftimony, 
The records of his covenant, over thcfe 

A mercy-feat of gold between the wings 
f two bright cherubim ; before him burn 
ev'n lamps, as in a zodiac, reprefenting 
he heav'nly fires ; over the tent a cloud 
hall reft by day, a fiery gleam by night, 
ave when they journey, and at length they come 
ondu&ed by his Angels, to the land 
romis'd to Abraham and his feed : the reft 
Were long to tell, how many battles fought, 
low many kings deftroy'd, and kingdoms won, 
r how the fun fhall in mid Heav'n ftand ftill 
A day entire, and night's due courfe adjourn, 
Man's voice commanding, fun in Gibeon ftand, 
And thou Moon in the vale of Aialon, 
'ill Ifrael overcome ; fo call the third 
'rom Abraham, fon of Ifaac, and from him 
iis whole defcent, who thus fhall Canaan win, 

Here Adam interpos'd. O fent from Heav'n, 
nlightener of my darknefs, gracious things 
Thou haft reveal'd, thofe chiefly which concern 
uft Abraham and his feed : now firft I find 
Vl'me eyes true opening, and my heart much eas'd 
E'erwhile perplex'd with thoughts what wouli 


Of me and all mankind ; but now I fee 
iis day, in whom all nations fhali be bleft, 
Favour unmerited by me, who fought 
forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. 
This yet I apprehend not, why to thofe 
Among whom God will deign to dwell on eartk 
So many and fo various laws are given ; 
So many laws argue fo many fins 
Among them ; how can God with fuch refide ? 
To whom thus Michael. Doubt not but that 


Will reign among them, as of thee begot ; 
And therefore was law giv'n them to evince 
Their natural pravity, by ftirring up 
Sin againft law to fight : that when they fee 
Law can difcover fin, but not remove, 
Save by thofe fhadowy expiations weak, 
The blood of bulls and goats, they may conclude 
Some blood more precious muft be paid for man, 
Juft for unjuft, that in fuch righteoufnefs 
To them by faith imputed, they may find 
Juftification towards God, and peace 
Of confcience, which the law by ceremonies 
Cannot appeafe, nor man the moral part, 
Perform, and not performing cannot live. 
So law appears imperfect, and but given 
With purpofe to refign them in full time 
Up to a better covenant, difciplin'd 
From fhadowy types to truth, from flefh to fpirit,j 
From impofition of ftricl laws to free 
Acceptance of large grace, from fervile fear 
To filial, works of law to works of faith ; 
And therefore fhall not Mofes, though of God 
Highly belov'd, being but the minifter 
Of law, his people into Canaan lead ; 
But Jofhua, whom the Gentiles Jefus call, 
His name and office bearing, who fhall quell 
The adverfary ferpent, and bring back 
Through the world's wildernefs long wander'd 
Safe to eternal paradife of reft. [ man 

Meanwhile they in their earthly Canaan plac'd, 


&* XII. 


Long time {hall dwell and profper ; but when fins 

National interrupt their public peace, 

Provoking God to raife them enemies : 

From whom as oft he faves them penitent 

By judges firft, then under kings ; of whom 

The fecond, both for piety renown'd 

Andpmfiant deeds, a promife fhall receive 

Irrevocable, that his regal throne 

For ever {hall endure ; the like {hall fing 

All prophefy, that of the royal flock 

Of David (fo I name this king) {hall rife 

A fon, the woman's feed to thee foretold, 

Foretold to Abraham, as in whom {hall truft 

All nations, and to kings foretold, of kings 

The laft, for of his reign {hall be no end. 

But firft a long fuccefiion muft enfue, 

And his next fon, for wealth and wifdom fam'd, 

The clouded ark of God, till then in tents 

Wand'ring, fhall in a glorious temple' infhrine. 

Such follow him as {hall be regifler'd 

Part good, part bad, of bad the longer fcroll, 

Whofe foul idolau ies, and other faults 

Heap'd to the popular fum, will fo incenfe 

God, as to leave them, and cxpofe their land, 

Their city', his temple, and his holy ark, 

With all his facred things, a fcorn and prey 

To that proud city, \vhofe high wails thou faw'ft 

Lett in confufion, Babylon thence call'd. 

There in captivity he lets them dwell 

The fpace of fev'nty years, then brings them 


Remembering mercy, and his covenant fworn 
To David, ftablifh d as the days of Heav'n. 
Heturn d from Babylon by leave of kings 
Their lords, whom God difpos'd, the houfe of 


They firft re-edify, and for a while 
In mean eftate live moderate, till grown 
In wealth and multitude, factious they grow ; 
But firft among the priefts diffcntion fprmgs, 
Men who attend the altar, and fhould moil 
Endeavour peace ; their ftrife polution brings 
Upon the temple itfelf : at laft they feize 
The fceptre, and regard not David's fons, 
Thtn lofe it to a ftranger, that the true 
Anointed king iVU-fliah might be born, 
Barr'd of his right ; yet at his birth a ftar 
Unfeen before in Heav'ri, proclaims him come, 
And guides the eailern Sages, who inquire 
His place, to offer incenle, myrrh, and gold ; 
His place of birth a folemn an^el tells 
To firnple fhepherds, keeping watch by night; 
They gladly thither hafte, and by a quire 
Of fquadron'd angels hear his carol fung. 
A virgin is his mother, but his fire 
The power of die nioft High ; he fhall afccnd 
The throne hereditaiy. and bound his reign 

With earth's wide bounds, his glory with the 

He ceas'd, difcerning Adam with fuch joy 

Surchargd, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, 
Without the ve it of v\ords, which thefe he 

O Prophet of glad tidings, finifher 

)f utmoil hope ! now clear I underftand. 

What oft my fteadieft thoughts have fearch'd in 

vain ; 

Why our great expectation fhould be call'd 
The Seed of Woman : Virgin Mother, hail, 
High in the love of Heav'n, yet from my loins 
Thou fhalt proceed, and from thy womb the fon 
Of God moil High ; fo God with man unites. 
Needs muft the ferpent now his capital btuife 
ExpeA with mortal pain : fay where and when 
Their fight, what ftrokes fhall bruife the vidor's 

To whom thus Michael. Dream not of their 


As of a duel, or the local wounds 
Of head or heel : not therefore joins the Son 
Manhood to Gcd-head, with more {trench to foil 
Th : - enemy ; nor fo is overcome 
Satan, whofe fall from Heav'n, a deadlier bruife, 
Difabled not to give thee thy death's wound : 
Which he, who comes thy Saviour, fhall re-cure. 
Not by deftroying Satan, but his works 
In thee and in thy feed : nor can this be 
But by fulfilling that which thou didft want, 
Obedience to the law of God, impos'd 
On penalty of death, and fuffering death, 
The penalty to thy tranfgreffion due. 
And due to theirs which out of thine will grow 
So only can high juftice reft appaid. 
The law of God exad he fhall fulfill 
Both by obedience and by love, though love 
Alone fulfill the law ; thy punifhment 
He fhall endure, by coming in the flefh 
TO a reproachful life and curfed death, 
Proclaiming life to all who fhall beheve 
In his redemption, and that his obedience 
Imputed becomes theirs by faith, his merits 
To fave them, not their own, though legal 


For this he fhall live hated, be blafphem'd, 
Seis'd on by force, judg'd, and to death con 


A fhamet'iil and accurs'd, nail'd to the crofs 
By his own nation, flain for bringing life; 
But to the crofs he nails thy enemies, 
The law that is againft thee, and the fins 
Of all mankind, with him there crucify 'd, 
Never to hurt them more who rightly truft 
In this his fatisfa&ion ; fo he dies, 
But foon revives ; Death over him no power 
Shall long ufurp ; e'er the third dawning light 
Return, the ftars of morn fhall fee him rife 
Out of his grave, frefh as the dawning light, 
Thy ranfoni paid, which man from death redeems, 
His death for man, as many as offer 'd life 
Ncglecl not, and the benefit embrace 
By faith ziot void of works ' this God-like aft 
Annuls thy doom, the death thou fhould'ft have 
In fin for ever loft from life ; this a& [dy'd, 
Miall bruife the head of Satan, crufh his flrength, 
Defeating fin and death, his two main arms, 
And fix far deeper in hia head their flings 
Than temporal death fhall bruife the vigor's heel, 
Or theirs whom he redeems, a death like fleep, 
A gentle wafting to immortal life. 
Nor after refurreftion fhall. he flay 



JLonger An earth than certain times to' appear 

To his difciples, men who in his life 

Still follow'd him ; to them fhall leave in charge 

To teach all nations what of hini they learn'd, 

And his falvation, them who ihall believe 

Baptizing in tjie profiuent ftream, the fign 

Of wafhing them from guilt of fin to life 

Pure, and in mind prepar'd, if fo befal, 

JFor death, like that which the Redeemer dy'd. 

All nations they fhall teach ; for from that day 

3STot only to the fons of Abraham's loins 

Salvation fhall be preach'd, but to the fons 

Of Abraham's faith wherever through the world ; 

So in his feed all nations ft all be bleft. 

Then to the Heav'n of Heav'n's he ihall afcend 

With victory, triumphing through the air 

Over his foes and thine ; there fliall furprife 

The Serpent, prince of air, and drag in chains 

Through all hisrealm,and there confounded leave : 

Then enter into glory, and refume 

His feat at God's right hand, exalted high 

Above all names in Heav'n ; and thence fhail 


When this world's diffolution fhall be ripe, 
With glory' and power to judge both quick and 


To judge th' unfaithful dead, but to reward 
His faithful, and receive them into blifs, 
Whether in Heav'n or Earth, for then the Earth 
Shall all be Paradife, far happier place 
Than this of Eden, and far happier days. 

So fpake th' arch-angel Michael, then pavVd, 
As at the world's great period ; and our fire 
Replete with joy and wonder thus r-ply'J : 

O Goodnefs infinite, Goodneis immenfc ! , 
That all this good of evil fhall produce, 
And evil turn to good ; more wonderful 
Than that which by creation firit brought forth 
Light out of darknefs ! full of doubt I itand, 
Whether I fhould repent me now of fin 
By me done and occafiou'd, or rejoice 
3VIuch more, that much more good thereof fhall 


To God more glory, more gpod will to men 
Trorii God, and over wrath grace fhall abound. 
.But fay, if our Deliverer up to Heav'n 
HVIuft reafcend, what will betide the fexv 
His faithful, left among th' unfaithful herd, 
The enemies of truth ? who then fliall guide 
His people, who defend ? will they not deal 
Worfe with his followers than with him they 
dealt ? 

Be fare they will, faid th' angel ; but from 
He to his own a comforter will fend. [Heav'u 
The promife of the Father, who Ihall dwell 
His Spirit within them, and the law of faith 
"Working through love, upon their hearts fhall 
TO guide them in all truth, and alfo arm [write, 
With fpiritual armour, able to refill 
Satan's affaults, and quench his fiery darts, 
What man can do againft them, -not afraid, 
Though to the death, sgainft fuch cruelties 
With inward confolations recompens'd, 
And oft fuppor-ted fo as ihall amaze 
Their prou'deJl persecutors ; for the Spirit . .-> 

Pour'd firft on tjw Apoftles, whom he fends 
To' evangelise the a..tions,.then on aji 
Baptiz'd, fhalUheO with wondrous gifts ifldu 
To fpeak all tong-ues, aed dp all traracles, 
As did their Lord before them. Tims they win 
Great numbers of each nation to receive (length 
With j-oy -the tidings brought from Heav'ji ? at 
Their miniftry perform'd, and race well rwa, 
Their doctrine and their ftory written left, 
They die ; but in their room, as they 
Wolves fliall fiicceed for teachers, grievous 
Who all the facred myfterk-s of Heav'n 
To their own vile advantages ihall t.ura 
Of lucre and ambition, and the truth 
With fuperftitions and traditious taint, 
Left only in thofe written records pure, 
Though not but by the Spirit underftood. 
Then (hall they feek to avail themfelves of names', 
Places, and titles, and with thefe to join 
Secular power ; though feigning ftill to a<5l 
By fpiritual, tq themfelves appropriating 
The Spirit of God, promis'd al : i;e and given 
To all believers 5 and from that pretence, 
Spiritual laws by carnal power fhall force 
On every confcience ; laws which none fliall find 
Left them inroll'ti, or what the Spirit within 
Shall on the heart ingrave. What will they then 
But force the Spirit of Grace itfelf, and bind 
His confort Liberty ? what, but unbuild 
His living temples, built by faith to ftaud, 
.Their own faith not another's ? for on earth 
Who againlt faith and confcience can be heard 
Infallible ; yet many will prefume : 
Whence heavy perfecution ihall arife 
On all \vho in the worfhip perievere 
Of Spirit and truth ; the red, far greater part, 
Will deem in outward rites and fpacious forms 
Religion fati'sfy'd ; Truth fhall retire 
Beftuck with fland'rous darts, and works of faith 
Rarely be found : fo Ihall the world go on, 
To good malignant, to bad men benign, 
Under her own weight groaning, till the day 
Appear of refpiration to the juft, 
And vengeance to the wicked, at return 
Of him fo lately promis'd to thy aid, 
The Woman's Seed, obfcurely then foretold, 
Now amplier known thy Saviour and thy Lord, 
Laft in the clouds from Heav'n to be reveal' d 
In glory of the Father, to diffolve 
Satan with his perverted world then raife 
From the conflagrant mafs, purg'd and refin'd, 
New Heav'ns, new Earth, ages of endlefs date 
Founded in righteoulnefs and peace, and love, 
To bring forth fruits, joy and eternal blifs. 
He ended ; and thus Adam laft reply'd : 
How foon hath thy prediction, Seer bieft, 
Meafur'd this traniient world, the race of time, 
Till time (land fix'd ? beyond is all abyft, 
Eternity, whofe end no eye can reach. 
Greatly inftru&ed I fliall hence depart, 
Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill 
Of knowledge, what this veffel can contain ; 
Beyond which was my folly to afpire. 
Henceforth I learn, that to obey is beft, 
And love with fear the only God, to walk 



As in his prefence, ever to obferve 

His providence, and on him fole depend, 

Merciful over all his works, with good 

Still overcoming evil, and by fmall 

Accomplifhing great things, by things deem'd weak 

Subverting worldly ftrong, and worldly wife 

P.y limply meek : that fuffering for truth's fake 

Is fortitude to higheft victory, 

And to the faithful death the gate of life ; 

Taught this by his example v/hom I now 

Acknowledge my Redeemer ever bleft. 

To whom thus alfo th' angel laft reply' d : 
Thus having learn'd, thou haft attained the fum 
Of wifdom ; hope no higher, though all the ftars 
Thou knew'ft by name, and all th' ethereal powers. 
All fecrets of the deep, all Nature's works, 
Or works of God in Heav'n, air, earth, or fea, 
And all the riches of this world enjoy'dft, 
And all the rule, one empire; only add 
Deeds to thy knowledge anfwerable, add faith, 
Add virtue, patience, temperance, add love, 
By name to come calfft Charity, the foul 
Of all the reft : then wilt thou not be loath 
To leave this Paradife, but (halt poflefs 
A Paradife within thee, happier far. 
.Let us defcend now therefore from this top 
Of fpeculation ; for the hour precife 
Exa,5ls our parting hence; and fee the guards, 
By me incamp'd on yonder hill, expect 
Their motion, at whofe front a flaming fword, 
In fignal of remove, waves fiercely round ; 
We may no longer ftay : go, waken Eve ; 
Her alfo I wish gentle dreams have calm'd 
Portending good, and all her fpirits compos* d 
To meek fubmimon : thou at feafcn fit 
Let her widi thee partake what thou haft heard, 
Chiefly what may concern her faith to know, 
The great deliverance by her feed to come 
(For by the woman's feed) on all mankind : 
That ye may live, which will be many days, 
Both in one faith unanimous though lad, 
With caule, for evils paft, yet much more cheer'd 
With meditation on the happy end. 

He eudcd ; and they both defcend the hill : 

Defcended, Adam to the bower where Eve 
Lay fleeping ran before, but found her wak'd ; 
And thus with words not fad fhe him receiv'd. 
Whence thou return'ft, and whither went'ft I 

know ; 

For God is alfo in fleep, and dreams advife, 
Which he hath fent propitious, fome great good 
Prefaging, fince with forrow and heart'* diftrefs 
Wearied I fell aileep : but now Jead on, 
In me is no delay ; with thee to go, 
Is to ftay here ; without thee here to ftay, 
Is to go hence unwilling ; thou to me 
Art all things under Heav'n, all places thou, 
Who for my wilful crime art banifti'd hence. 
This further confolation yet fccuxe 
I carry hence ; though all by me js loft, 
Such favour I unworthy am vouch&f 'd, 
By me the promis'd Seed fhall all reftore. 

So fpake our mother Eve, and Adam heard 
Well pleas'd, but anfwer'd not ; for now too nigh 
Th' arch-angel ftood, and from the other hill 
To their fix'd ftation, all in bright array 
The cherubim defcended ; .on the ground 
Gliding nieteorous, as evening mift 
Ris'n from a river o'er the marifli glides, 
And gathers ground faft at the lab'rer's heel 
Homeward returning. High in front advanc'd, 
The brandifh'd fword of God before them blaz'd 
Fierce as A comet ; which with torrid heat, 
And vapoitr as the Lybian air aduft, 
Began to parch that temp'rate clime ; whereat 
In cither hand the haft'ning angel caught 
Our ling'ring Parent*, and to the eaftern gate 
Led them direct, and down the cliff as faft 
To the fubjedled plain ; then difappear'd. 
They looking back, ail th' eaftern iide beheld 
Of Paradife, fo late their happy feat, 
Wav'd over by that flaming brand, the gate 
With dreadful faces throng'd and fiery arms : 
Some natural tears they dropt, but wip'dthem foon; 
The world was all before them, where to choofe 
Their place of peft, and Providence their guide : 
1'hey hand in hand, with wand' ring fteps and flow, 
Through Eden took their folitary way. 



I WHO e'er while the happy Garden fung, 

By one Man's difobedience loft, now fing 

Recover'd Paradife to all mankind, 

By one Man's firm obedience fully try'd 

Through all temptation, and the Tempter foil'd 

In all his wiles, defeated and repuls'd, 

And Eden rais'd in the wafte wildernefs. 

Thou Spirit who ledft this glorious eremite 
Into the defert, his victorious field, 
Againft the fpiritual foe, and brought'ft him thence 
By proof th' undoubted Son of God, infpire, 
As thou art wont, my prompted fong elfe mute, 
And bear thro' height or depth of Nature's bounds 
With profp'rous wing full iumm'd,to tell of deeds 
Above heroic, though in fecret done, 
And unrecorded left through many an age, 
Worthy t* have not remain'd fo long unfung. 

Now had the great Proclaimer, with a voice 
More awful than the found of trumpet, cry'd 
Repentance, and Heav'n's kingdom nigh at hand 
To all baptis'd : to his great baptifm flock'd 
With awe the regions round, and with them came 
From Nazareth the fon of Jofeph deem'd 
To the flood Jordan came, as then obfcure, 
Unmark'd, unknown ; but him the Baptift foon 
Refcry'd, divinely warn'd, and witnefs bore 
As to his worthier, and would have refign'd 
To him his heav nly office, nor was long 
His witnefs unconfirm'd : on him baptis'd 
Heav'n open'd, and in likenefs of a dove 
The Spirit defcended, while the Father's voice 
From Heav'n pronounc'd him his beloved Son. 
That heard the Adverfary, who roving ftill 
About the world, at that aflembly fam'd 
Would not be laft, and with the voice divine 
Night thunder-ftruck, th' exalted Man to whom 
Such high atteft was giv'n, a while furvey'd 
With wonder, then with envy fraught and rage 
Flies to his place, nor refts, but in mid air 
To counfel fummons all his mighty peers, 
Within thick clouds and dark ten-fold involv'd, 
A gloomy confiftory ; and them amidft 
Vihh looks aghaft and fad he thus befpake : 

Q ancient Pow'rs of Air and this wide world,J 

For much more willingly I mention Air, 

This our old conqueft, than remember Hell, 

Our hated habitation ; well ye know 

How many ages, as the years of men, 

This univerfe we have pofleff'd, and rul'd 

In manner at our will th' affairs of Earth, 

Since Adam and his facile confort Eve 

Loft Paradife deceiv'd by me, though fince 

With dread attending when that fatal wound 

Shall be inflicted hy\he feed of Eve 

Upon my head : long the decrees of Heav'n 

Delay, for longeft time to him is fhort ; 

And now too foon for us the circling hours 

This dreaded time have compafs'd, wherein we 

Muft bide the ftrokeof that long threaten'd wound, 

At leaft if fo we can, and by the head 

Broken be not intended all our power 

To be infring'd, our freedom and our being, 

In this fair empire won of Earth and Air ; 

For this ill news I bring, the woman's feed : 

Deftin'd to this, is late of woman born ; 

His birth to our juft fear gave no fmall caufe, 

But his growth now to youth's full flower, dif 


All virtue, grace, and wifdom to achieve 
Things higheft, greateft multiplies my fear, 
Before him a great prophet to proclaim 
His coming, is fent harbinger, who all 
Invites, and in the confecrated ftream 
Pretends to wafh off fin, and fit them fo 
Purified to receive him pure, or rather 
To do him honour as their king ; all come, 
And he himfelf among them was baptiz'd, 
Not thence to be more pure, but to receive 
The teftimony of Heav'n, that who he is 
Thenceforth the nations may not doubt ; I faw 
The prophet do him reverence, on him rifing 
Out of the water, Heav'n above the clouds 
Unfold here cryftal doors, thence on his head 
A perfect dove defcend, whate'er it meant, 
And out of Heav'n the Sovreign voice I heard, 
This is my Son belov'd, in him am pkas'd. 
His mother then is mortal, but his Sire 
He who obtains the monarchy of Heav'n, ' 



Sook I f 

And what will he not do to advance his Son ? 

His firft-begat we know, and fore have felt, 

When his fierce thunder drove us to the Deep ; 

Who this is we muft learn, for man he feems 

In all his lineaments, though in his face 

The glimpfes of his Father's glory fhine. 

Ye fee our danger on the utmoft edge 

Of hazard, which admits no long debate, 

But muft with iomething fudden be oppos'd, 

Not force, but well-couch'd fraud, well woven 

E'er in the head of nations he appear [fnares, 

Their king, their leader, and fupreme on Earth. 

I, when no other durft, fole undertook 

The difmal expedition to find out 

And ruin Adam, and th' exploit perform'd 

Succefsfully ; a calmer voyage now 

Will waft me ; and the way found profp'rous once 

Induces heft to hope of like fuccefs. 

He ended; and his words impreffion left 
Of much amazement to the infernal crew, 
Diftracted and furpris'd with deep dilmay 
At thefe fad tidings ; but no time was then 
For long indulgence to their fears or grief : 
Unanimous they all commit the care 
And management of this main enterprize 
To him their great dictator, whofe attempt 
At firft againfi mankind fo well had thriv'd 
In Adam's overthrow, and led their march 
From Hell's deep vaulted den to dwell in light, 
Regents and potentates, and kings, yea gods 
Of many a pleafant realm and province wide. 
So to the coaft of Jordan he dire&s 
His eafy fteps, girded with funky wiles, 
Where he might likelieft find this new-declar'd, 
. This Man of Men, attefted Son of God, 
Temptation and all guile on him to try ; 
So to fubvert whom he fufpe&ed rais'd 
To end his reign on Earth fo long enjoy'd : 
But contrary unweeting he fulfill'd 
The -purposed counfel pre-ordain'd and fix'd 
Of the Moft High, who in full frequence bright 
Of angtls, thns to Gabriel fouling ipake : 

Gabriel, this day by proof thou fhalt belaold, 
Thou and all angels converfant on Earth 
With man or men's affairs, how I begin 
To verify that folemn meflage late, 
On which I fent thee to the Virgin pure 
In Galilee, that fhe ihould bear a fon 
Great in renown, and call'd the Son of God ; 
Then toldft her doubting haw thefe things could be 
To her a virgin, that on her fliould come 
The Holy Ghoft, and the power of the Higheft 
O'er-fhadow her : this Man born and *K>W up- 
To fhew him worthy of his birth divine [grown, 
And high prediction, henceforth I expofe 
To Sataa ; let 'him tempt and now afTay 
His utmoft fubtiety, becaufehe boafts 
And vaunts ef his great cunning to the throng 
Of his apoftacy ; he might have learnt 
Lefs overweening fmce he fail'd iu Job, 
Whofe conftant perfeverance overcame 
"Whate'er his cruel malice could invent. 
He now fhall know I can produce a Man 
Of female feed, far abler to refift 
AH his felicitations, and at length 

All his vaft force, and drive him back to Hell, 

Winning by cohqueft what the firft man loft 

By fallacy furpris'd. But firft I mean 

To exercife him in the wildernefs, 

There he mail firft lay down the rudiments 

Of his great warfare, e'er I fend him forth 

To conquer Sin and Death, the two grand foes, 

By humiliation and ftrong fufferance . 

His weaknefs fhall o'ercome Satanic ftrength, 

And all the world, and mafs of finful fleih ; 

That all the angels and ethereal powers, 

They now, and men hereafter may dilcern, 

From what confumm^te virtue I have chofe 

This perfedl Man, by merit call'd my Son, 

To earn falvation for the fons of men. 

So fpake th' eternal Father, and all Heav'n 
Admiring flood a fpace, then into hymns 
Buril forth, and in celeftial meafures mov'd, 
Circling the throne and finging, while the hand 
Sung with the voice, and this the argument. 

Viclory and triumph to the Son of God 
Now ent'ring his greal duel, not of arms, 
But to vanquifh by wifdom hellifh wiles. 
The Father knows the Son ; therefore fecure 
Ventures his filial virtue, though untry'd, 
Againft whate'er may tempt, whate'er feducc, 
Allure, or terrify, or undermine. 
Be frultrate all ye ftratagems of Hell, 
And devilifh machinations come to nought. 

So they in Heav'n their odes and vigils tun'd : 
Meanwhile the Son of God, who yet ibme days 
JLodg'd in Bethabara where John baptiz'd, 
Muling and much revolving in his breaft, 
How beft the mighty work he might begin 
Of Saviour to mankind, and which "way firft 
Publifh his God-like office now mature, 
One day forth walk'd alone, the Spirit lending, 
And his deep thoughts, the better to converge 
With folitude,till far from track of men, 
Thought following thought, and ftep by flep led 
He eatcr'd now the bord'ring defert wild, ou, 
And with dark fhades and rocks environ' d round, 
His holy meditations thus purfo'd. 

O what a multitude of thoughts at once 
Awaken'd in me fwarm, while I confider 
What from within I feel myfelf, and hear 
What from without comes often to my ears, 
111 forting with my prefent ftate compar'd i 
When I was yet a child, no childifh play 
To me was pleafing ; all my mind was fet 
Serious to learn and know, and thence 10 do 
What might be public good ; myfelf 1 thought 
Born to that end, born to promote aft truth, 
All righteous things : therefore above my years, 
The law of God I read, and found it rwcct, 
Made it my whole delight, and in it grew 
To tuch perfection, that e'er yet my age 
Had meafur'd twice fix years, at onr great feaft 
[ went into the terhple, there to hear 
The teachers of our law, and to propofe 
What might improve my knowledge or their <rwn j 
And was admir'd by all ; yet this not Till 
To which my fpirit afpir'd ; victorious deed* 
Flam'd in my heart, heroic acts, one white 
To refcue Ifrael from the Roman yoke, 



Then to fu-bdue and quell o'er all the earth 

Brute violence and proud tyrajcuaic power, 

Till truth were freed, and equity rtftor'd : 

Yet held it more humane, more heav'galy firflt 

By winning words to een^uer willing heartf, 

And make |?eri3fi,0ni 4o the work -of fear; 

At leaft to try, and teach the ,en-iag.fowl '. no:.r; .' 

Not wilfully mis-doing, but unwary 1*7 rr^ <r) . 

Mifled ; the flubboro only to fobdue, 

Thefegrowiagthoughts mymother foon perceiving 

By words at times caft forth, inly rejoic'd. 

And laid to me apart, High are thy thot^hts, 

O Son ; but Bouriih them, and let them foar 

To what height facred virtue and true worth 

Can raife them, though above exan?j>le high ; 

By matchlefs deeds exprefs thy matchlei* Sire. 

For know, thou art no fon of mortal man ; 

Though joen cfteem thee low of parentage, 

Thy Father is th* eternal King who rules 

All Heav'n and Earth, angels and fons of men ; 

A meffenger from God foretold thy birth 

Ccnceiv'd in me a virgin, he foretold 

Thou fhould'ii be great, and fit on David's throne, 

And of thy kingdom there ftiotild be no end. 

At thy nativity a glorious quire 

Of .angels in the fields of Bethlehem fung 

To fhcpherds watching at their folds fey night, 

And told them the Meffiah now was born, 

Where they might lee him, and to thee they canic, 

Direcled to the manger where thou lay'ft, 

For in the inn was left up letter room : 

A ftar, not feen before, iu Heav'n appearing 

Guided the Wife JVkn thither from the Bail, 

To honour tkee \viih incenie, myrrh, and gokl, 

Ey whole bright courfe led oa they found the piace, 

Affirming it thy tar new grav'n in lieavec, 

By which they knew the King of Jfrael born. 

Juft Simeon and prophetic Anfta, w*rn'd 

By vifion, found in the temple, and fpake 

Before tshe. altar and the veiled prieft, 

Like things of thee r> ail that prefent ftow}. . 

This having h*rd, ftrait I again I revolved 

The Law aad Prophets, fearching what was writ 

Concerning the Mdliah, to our fcribes 

Known partly, andfocn found of whoovthey fpake 

1 am : this chiefiy, that my way mull He 

Through many a hard allay ev'n to the death, 

E'er I the promis'd kingdom can attain, ; >I 

Or work redemption for mankind, whofe fins 

Full weight muft be tranferr'd upon my head, 

Yet neither thus dishearteii'd or djimay'd, 

The time preftx'tl I wasted, iviicn beitojd jf Ja ; . 

The Baptift (of whofc birtb I oft had heard, 

Not knew by fight) now come, wlu) was to come 

Before Mefliah, and his way prepare. 

1 as all others to his baptifm came, 

Which I believ'd was from above ; but he 

Strait knew me, and with loudeit voice prodaim'd 

Me him (for it was Ihewn him fo from Heaven) 

Me him whofe harbinger he was ; and liiit 

Refus'd on me his baptifm to confer, 

As much his greater, and was hardly won : 

But as I rofe out of the laving iireani, 

Heav'n open'd her eternal doors, from whence 

The fp'rit descended or. me hhc a dove, 

And laft the fum of all, my Father's Toice, 
, Audibly heard from Heav's, pronowwU me lus, 
Me his beloved Son, in whom alone 
He was w-di pleaj'd ; by which -I fcnew tic time 
Now full, that I oo more fhoul4 li*e -obfcurc, 
But chilly hegia, as beil becoaaes 
Th' auUaority which I deriv'd feom Heav'n. 
And now by Ibme flrong motion I aj kd 
Into this wildernefs, to what intent 
I Jeara .not yet, perhaps I need act know ; 
For what concerns my knowledge God reveals. 
So fy-dke our Morning Star, then in liis riie, 
And looking round on every fide bdhdd 
A pathlefs defert, duflc with horrid fliades ; 
The way he caaaae not having mark'd, retum 
Was difficult, by human fteps ujitrod; 
And lie ftili on was ied, but with fnch tTioughta 
Accompanied of things paft and to come 
Lodg'd im his brcaii, as well might recorruuend 
Such folitude before choiceft fociety. 
Full forty days he paf&'d, whether on lull 
Sometimes, anon in fliady vale, each night 
Under the covert of foiue ancient oak. 
Or cedar, to defend him from the dew, 
Or harbour 'd in lone cave, is not reveal'd 5 
Nor tailed human food, nor hunger felt 
Till thofe days ended, hunger then at laft 
Among wild beaih : they at his fight grew mild, 
Nor fleeping him nor waking fcarni'd, his walk 
The fiery ierpent fled, and noxioue worm, 
1'ke lion and fierce tiger gJar'd aloof. 
But now an aged man in rural weeds, 
Following as feem'd, the <queft of fome ftray e^c, 
Or wither'd flicks to gather, which might ferve 
Againft a winter's day when winds blow keen, 
To warm him wet return 'd from field at eve. 
He faw approach, who firil with curious eye 
Perus'd him, then with words thus uttcr'd fpake : 
Sir, what ill chance hath brought thee to this 
So far from path or read of men, who pafs [place 
In troop or caravan ? for lingle none 
Durft ever, who return'd, and dropt not here 
His carcafe, pin'd with hunger and with drouth. 
I aflc the rather, and the more admire, 
For that to rae thou feem'ft die Man whom late 
Our ew fcsptazmg Prophet at the ford 
Of Jordan honour'd fo, and call'd thee Son 
Of God ; I faw and heard, for we fometimes 
Who dwell this wild, conftrain'd by want, come 


To town or village nigh (nigheft is far) 
Where ought we hear, and curious are to hear, 
What happens new ; fame alfo finds us out. 
To whom the foil of God. Who brought me 

Will bring me hence ; no other guide I feek. 

By miracle he may, reply'd the fwain ; 
What other way I fee not, for we here 
Live on tough roots, and ftubs, to thirft inur'd 
More than the camel, and to drink go far, 
Men to much niifery and hard/hip born ; 
But if thou be the Son of God, command 
That out of thefe hard ftoncs be made thee bread, 
So fhalt thou fave thyfelf and us relieve 
With food, whereof we wretched ieldom tafte, 



Book I. 

He ended; and the Son of God reply'd : 
Think'ft thou fuch force in bread? Is it not 


(For I difcern thee other than thou feem'ft) 
Man lives not by bread only, but each word 
Proceeding from the mouth of God, who fed 
Our fathers here with manna ? in the mount 
IMofes was forty days, nor ate nor drank ; 
And forty days Elijah without food 
Wander' d this barren wafte ; the fame I now : 
Why doft thou then fuggeft to me diftruft, - 
Knowing who I am, as I know who thou art ? 

Whom thus anfwer'd th' Arch-fiend now un- 

difguis d : 

'Tis true, I am that Spirit unfortunate, 
Who leagu'd with millions more in rafh revolt 
Kept not my happy ftation, but was driven 
With them from blifs to the bottomlefs deep, 
Yet to that hideous place not fo confin'd . 
By rigour unconniving, but that oft 
Leaving my dolorous prifon I enjoy 
Large liberty to r6und this globe of earth, 
Or range in th' air, nor from the Heaven of 


Hath he excluded my refort fometimcs. 
I came among the fons of God, when he 
Gave up into my hands Uzzean Job 
To prove him, and illuftrate his high worth ; 
And when to all his angels he propos'd 
To draw the proud king Ahab into fraud 
That he might fall in Ramoth, they demurring, 
I undertook that office, and the tongues 
Of all his flattering prophets glibb'd with lies 
To his deftru6Hon, as I had in charge; 
For what he bids I do : though I have loft 
Much luftre of my native brightnefs, loft 
To be belov'd of God, I have not loft 
To love, at leaft contemplate and admire 
What I fee excellent in goodj or fair, 
Or virtuous; I fhould fo have loft all ienfe. 
What can be then lefs in me than defire 
To fee thee and approach thee, whom 1 know 
Declar'd the Son of God, to hear attent 
Thy wifdom, and behold thy Godlike deeds ? 
Men generally think me much a foe 
To all mankind : why fhould I ? they to me 
Never did wrong or violence ; by them 
I loft not what I loft ; rather by them 
I gain'd what I have gain'd, and with them dwell 
Copartner in thefe regions of the world, 
If not difpofer ; lend them oft my aid, 
Oft my advice by prefages and figns, 
And anfwers, oracles, portents and dreams, 
Whereby they may direct their future life. 
Envy they fay excites me, thus to gain 
Companions of my mifery and woe. 
At fir ft it may be ; but long fince with woe 
Nearer acquainted, now I feel by proof, 
That fellowfhip in pain divides not fmart, 
Nor lightens ought each man's peculiar lead. 
Small confolatipn then, were man adjoin'd : 
This wounds me moft (what can it lefs ?) that 

Man falPn, fhall be reftor'd, I never more. 

To whom our Saviour ilernly thus reply'd : 

Defervedly thou griev'ft, compos r d of lies 

From the beginning, and in lies wilt end ; 

Who boaft'ft releafe from Hell, and leave to come 

Into the Heav'n of Heav'ns : thou cotn'ft indeed, 

As a poor miferable captive thrall 

Comes to the place where he before had fat 

Among the prime in fplendor, now depos'd, 

Ejected, emptied, gaz'd, unpitied, fhunn'd, 

A fpe&acle of ruin or of fcorn 

To all the hoft of Heav'n : the happy place 

Imparts to thee no happinefs, no joy, 

Rather inflames thy torment, reprefenting 

Loft blifs, to thee no more communicable, 

So never more in Hell than when in Heav'n. 

But thou art ferviceable to Heav'n's King. 

Wilt thou impute to obedience what thy fear 

Extorts, or pleafure to do ill excites ? 

What but thy malice mov'd thee to mifdeem 

Of righteous Job, then cruelly to afflicl him 

With all inflidions ? but his patience won. 

The other fervice was thy chofen tafk, 

To be a liar in four hundred months j 

For lying is thy fuftenance, thy food. 

Yet thou pretend'ft to truth ; all oracles 

By thee are giv'n, and what confefs'd more true 

Among the nations ? that hath been thy craft, 

By mixing fomewhat true to vent more lies. 

But what have been thy anfwers ? what but dark, 

Ambiguous, and with double fenfe deluding, 

Which they who aik'd have feldom underftood, 

And not well underftood as good not known ? 

Whoever by confulting at thy fhrine 

Return'd the wifer, or the more inftrudl: 

To fly or follow what concern'd him moft, 

And run not fooner to his fatal fnare ? 

For God hath juftly giv'n the nations up 

To thy delufions ; juftly fince they fell 

Idolatrous : but when his purpofe is 

Among them to declare his providence 

To thee not known, whence haft thou then thy 

But from him or his angels prefident (truth, 

In every province ? who themfelves difdaining 

To approach thy temples, give thee in command 

What to the fmalleft tittle thou fhalt fay 

To thy adorers ; thou with trembling fear, 

Or like a fawning parafite obey'ft ; 

Then to thyfelf afcrib'ft the truth foretold. 

But this thy glcry fhall be foon retrench'd ; 

No more fhalt thou by oracling abufe 

The Gentiles ; henceforth oracles are ceasM, 

And thou no more with pomp and facrifice 

Shalt be inquir'd at Delphos or elfewhere, 

At Itaft in vain, for they fhall find thee mute. 

God hath now fent his Living Oracle 

Into the world to teach his final will, 

And fends his Spirit of Truth henceforth to dwell 

In pious hearts, an inward oracle 

To all truth requifite for men to know. 

So fpake our Saviour; but the fubtle Fiend, 
Though inly ftung with anger and difdain 
Diflembled, and this anfwer fmooth return'd : . 

Sharply thou haft infifted on rebuke, 
And urg'd-me hard with doings, which not will 
But mifery hath wrefted from me : v. here 
Eafily cacft thou find one miierabie, 

ook I. 

And not enfprcM oft-times to part from truth j 
If it may ftand him more in ftead to lie, 
Say and unfay, feign, flatter, or abjure ? 
But thou art plac'd above me, thou art Lord ; 
From thee I can and muft fubmifs endure 
Check or reproof, and glad to 'fcape fo quit. 
Hard are the ways of Truth, and rough to walk, 
Smooth on the tongue difcours'd, pleafing to th' 
And tuneable as fylvan pipe or fong ; [ear, 

What wonder then if I delight to hear 
Her dictates from thy mouth ? moft men admire 
Virtue, who follow not her lore : permit me 
To hear thee when I come (fince no man comes) 
And talk at leaft, though I defpair to attain. 
Thy Father, who is holy, wife and pure, 
Suffers the hypocrite or atheous prieft 



To tread his facred courts, and mlnifter 
About his altar, handling holy things, 
Praying or vowing, and vouchfaf'd his voice 
To Balaam reprobate, a prophet yet 
Infpir'd ; difdain not fuch accefs to me. 

To whom our Saviour with unalter'd brow. 
Thy coming hither, though I know thy icopc, 
I bid not or forbid ; do as thou find' ft 
Permiflion from above ; thou canft not more. 

He added not ; and Satan bowing low 
His gray diflimulation, difappear'd 
Into thin air diffuf 'd : for now began 
Night with her fullen wings to double-fhade 
The defert ; fouls in their clay nefts were couch'dj 
And now wild beafts came forth the woods to roaoii 



MEANWHILE tfeenew-babtiz'd, who yet remaih'd 

At Jordan with the Baptift, and had feen 

Him whom they heard fo late exprefsly call'd 

Jefus Mefllah fon of God declar'd, 

And on that high authority had believ'd. 

And with him talk'd, and with him lodg'd, I 


Andrew and Simon, famous after known, 
With others, though in Holy Writ not nam'd, 
Now miffing him their joy fo lately found, 
So lately found, and fo abruptly gone, 
Began to doubt, and doubted many days, 
And as the days increas'd, increas'd their doubt : 
Sometimes they thought he might be only {hewn, 
And for a time caught up to God, as once 
Mofes was in the mount, and miffing long ; 
And the great Thifbite, who on fiery wheels 
Rode up to Heav'n, yet once again to come. 
Therefore, as thofe young prophets then with care 
Sought loft Elijah, fo in each place thefe 
Nigh to Bethabra ; in Jericho 
The city of Palms, -flEnon, and Selem old, 
Machzerus, and each town or city wall'd 
On this fide the broad lake Genezaret, 
Or in Pesea ; but return'd in vain. 
Then on the bank of Jordan, by a creek, 
"Where winds with reeds and oziers whifp'ring 


Plain fifhermen, no greater men them call, 
Clofe in a cottage low together got, 
Their unexpected lofs and plaints out breath'd. 

Alas, from what high hope to what relapfe 
Unlook'd for are \ve fail'n ! our eyes beheld 
Mefllah certainly now come, fo long 
Expected of our fathers ; we have heard 
His words, his wifdom full of grace and truth ; 
How, now, for fure deliverance is at hand, 
The kingdom (hall to Ifrael be reftor'd ; 
Thus we rejoic'd, but foon our joy is turn'd 
Into perplexity and new amaze : 
For whither is he gone, what accident 
Hath wrapt him from us I will he now retire 
After appearance, and thus prolong 
Our expe&ation f God of Ifrael, 

Send thy Mteffiah forth, the time is come ; 
Behold the kings of th' Earth how they opprefs 
Thy chofen, to what height their power unjuft 
They have exalted, and behind them caft 
All fear of thee ; arife and vindicate 
Thy glory, free thy people from their }oke. 
But let us wait ; thus far he hath perfonn'd, 
Sent his Anointed, and to us reveal'd him, 
By his great Prophet, pointed at and fhewn 
In public, and with him we have convers'd ; 
Let us be glad of this, and all our fears 
Lay on his Providence ; he will not fail, 
Nor will withdraw him now, nor will rccal, 
Mock us with his bleft fight, then fnatch hurt 

hence ; 
Soon we fhall fee our Hope, our Joy return. 

Thus they out of their plaints new hope refume, 
To find whom at the firft they found unfought : 
But to his mother Mary, when fhe faw 
Others return'd from baptifm, not her fon, 
Nor left at Jordan tidings df him none, 
Within her breafi, tho' calni; her brcaft, though 


Motherly cares and fears got head, and rais'd 
Some troubled thoughts, which {he in fighs* 
thus clad. 

O what avails me now that honour high 
To have conceiv'd of God, or that falute 
Hail highly favour 'd, among women bleft ! 
While I to forrbws am no lefs ftdvanc'd, 
And fears as eminent, above the lot 
Of other women, by the birth I bore, 
In fuch a feafon more, when fcarce a fhed 
Could be obtain'd to fhelter him or me 
From the bleak air ; a ftable was our warmth, 
A manger his ; yet foon eiiforc'd to fly 
Thence into Egypt, till the murd'rous king 
Were dead, who fought his life, and miffing fill'd 
With infant blood the ftreets of Bethelem ; 
From Egypt home return d, in Nazareth 
Hath been our dwelling many years ; his life 
Private, unactive, calm, contemplative, 
Little fufpicious to any king ; but now 
Full grown to man, aeknowledg'd, as Ihear, 

&0& IS. 



By John; the Babtift, and in public (hewn, 

Son own'd .from his Father's voice ; 

I look'd for fome gceat change ; to honour ? no, 

Rut trouble, as old Simeon plain foretold, 

That to! the fall and rifing he Ihould be 

Of many in Ifrael, and to a. fign 

Spoken againft, that through my very foul 

A fword ihall pierce ; this is my favour'd lot, 

My exaltation, to afflictiofls.high ; 

Afflicted Lmay be, it feems, and bleffc ; 

I will not argue that, nor will repine ' 

But where delays ha now. ? fome great intent 

Conceals him : when twelve years he fcarce had 


I loft him, but fo found, a well I faw 
He could not lofe himfelf ; but went about 
His Father's.bufinefs:; what he meant I mus'd, 
Since underftand; much more his abfence now 
Thus long to fome great purpofe he obfcures. 
But I to wait with patience am inur'd ; 
My heart hath. been a ftore-houfe long of things 
And fay'ngs laid up, portending ftrange events. 

Thus Mary, pond'ring,oft,.and oft to mind 
Recalling what remarkably had pafs'd 
Since firlt her falutation heard, with thoughts 
Meekly compos'd awaited the fulfilling ; 
The while her Son tracing the defert wild, 
Sole but with hoiieft meditations fed, 
Into himfelf defcended, and at once 
All his great work to come before him fet ; 
How to begin, how to accomplifh beft 
His end of being on earth, and million high : 
For Satan, with fly preface, to return, 
Had left him vacant, and with fpeed was gone 
Up to the middle region of thick air, 
Where all his. potentates in council fat ; 
There, without fign of boaft, or fign of joy, 
Solicitous and blank, he thus began. 

. Princes,HeavVsancientSons, ethereal Thrones, 
Demonian Spirits now, from th' element 
Each of his reign allotted, rightlier call'd 
Powers of Fire, Air, Water, and Earth beneath, 
So may we hold our place, and thefe mild feats, 
Without new trouble ; fuch an enemy 
Is rifen to invade us, who no lefs 
Threatens than our expulfion down to Hell ; 
I, as I undertook, and with the vote 
Confentin gin full frequence, was empower'd, 
Have foifnd him, view'd him tailed him, but find 
Far other labour to be undergone 
Than when I dealt with Adam, firft of men, 
Tho' Adam, by his wife's allurement, fell, 
However, to this Man inferior far, 
If he be man by mother's fide at Icaft, 
With more than human gifts from Heav'n adorn'd, 
Perfections abfolute, graces divine, 
And amplitude of mind to greateft deeds : 
Therefore I am return'd, left confidence 
Of my fuccefs with Eve in Paradife 
Deceive ye to perfuafion over-fure 
Of like fucceeding here \ I fummon all 
Rather to be in readinefs, with hand 
Or counfel, to affift ; left I who erft 
Thought none my equal, now be over-match'd. 
Safpake th' old Serpent doubting, and from all 

With clamour wa affur'd their utmoft aid 

At his command ; when froui amidil them rofo 

Belial, the diflqluteft fp'rit that fell, 

The fenfualeft, and after Afmodai 

The flefhlieft incubus, and thus advis'd. 

Set women in his eye, and in his walk, 
Among daughters of men the faired found ;. 
Many are in each region pafling fair 
As the noon iky ; more like to goddeffo* 
Than mortal creatures, graceful and difcreet^ 
Expert in amorous arts, inchanting tongues 
Perfuafive^ virgin majefty with mild 
And fweet allay'd, yet- terrible t' approach* 
Skill'd to retire, and in retiring draw 
Hearts after them, tangled in amorous nets. 
Such object; hath the power to foft'n and tame, 
Severeft temper, fmooth the rugged'ft brow, 
Enerve, and with voluptuous hope diflblve, 
Draw out with credulous defire, and lead 
At will the manlieft, refoluteft breaft, 
As the magnetic hardeft iron draws. 
Women, when nothing elfe, beguil'd the heart 
Of wifeft Solomon, and made him build., 
And made him bow to the gods of his wives. 

To whom quick anfwer Satan thus retunt'd : 
Belial, in much uneven fcale thou weigh'ft 
All others by thyfelf ; becaufe of old 
Thou thyfelf doat'ft on woman kind, admiring 
Their fhape, their colour, and attractive grace, 
None are, thou think'ft, but taken with fuch toys, 
Before the flood thou with thy lufty crew, 
Falfe titled fons of God, roaming the earth,. 
Caft wanton eyes on the daughters of men^ 
And coupled with them, and begot a race. 
Have we not feen, or by relation heard, 
In courts and regal chambers how thou lurk'ft* 
In wood or grove, by moffy fountain fide, 
In valley or green meadow, to way-lay 
Some beauty rare, Caliito, Clymene, 
Daphne, or Semele, Antiopa, 
Or Amymome, Syrinx, many more : 
Too long, then lay'ft thy fcapes on names ador'd, 
Apollo, Neptune, Jopiter, or Pan r 
Satir, or Faun, or Sylvan ? But thefe haunts 
Delight not all ; among the fons of men, 
How many have with a fmile made final! account 
Of beauty and her lures, eafily fcorn'd 
All her affaults, on worthier things intent ? 
Remember that Pallean conqueror, 
A youth, how all the beauties of die Eafi 
He flightly vrew'd, and (lightly overpafs'd ; 
How he furnam'd of Africa difmifs'd 
In his prime youth the fair Iberian maid, 
For Solomon, he liv'd at eafe, and full 
Of honour wealth, high fare, aim'd not beyond 
Higher defign than to enjoy his ftate ; 
Thence to the bait of women lay expos'd : 
But he whom we attempt is wifer far 
Than Solomon, of more exalted mind, 
Made and fet wholly on th' accomplishment 
Of greateft things ; what woman will you find, 
Tho' of this age the wonder and the fame, 
On whom hisleifure will vouchfafe an eye 
Of foul defire ? or fhould fhe confident, 
As fitting queen ador'd on Beauty's throne,. 



Book II. 

Defcend with all her winning charms begirt 

T' enamour, as the Zone of Venus once 

"Wrought that effect on Jove, fo fables tell ; 

How would one look from his majeftic brow 

Seated as on the top of Virtue's hill, 

Difcount'nance her defpis'd, and put to rout 

All her array ; her female pride deject, 

Or turn to reverent awe ; for Beauty ftands 

In th' admiration only of weak minds 

Led captive ; ceafe to' admire, and all her plumes 

Fall flat and fhrink into a trivial toy, 

At every fudden flighting quite abafh'd : 

Therefore with manlier objects we muft try 

His conftancy, with fuch as have more fhew 

Of worth, of honour, glory 1 , and popular praife"; 

Rocks whereon greateft men have oftefl wreck'd ; 

Or that which only feems to fatisfy 

Lawful defires of nature, not beyond ; 

And now I know he hungers where no food 

Is to be found, in the wide wildernefs ; 

The reft commit to me ; I fhall let pafs 

No' advantage, and his ftrength as oft affay. 

He ceas'd, and heard their grant in loud acclaim ; 

Then forthwith to him takes a chofen band 

Of fpirits likeft to himfelf in guile 

To be at hand, and at his beck appear, 

If caufe were to unfold fome active fcene 

Of various perfons, each to know his part ; 

Then to the defert takes with thefe his flight ; 

Where ftill from fhade to {hade the ion of God 

After forty days failing had remain'd, 

Now hung'ring firft, and to himfelf thus faid. 

Where will this end ? four times ten days I've 


Wand'ring this woody maze, and human food 
Nor tafted, nor had appetite ; that fail 
To virtue I impute not, or count part 
Of what I fuffer here ; if Nature need not, 
Or God fupport Nature without repaft 
Though needing ; what praife is it to endure ? 
But now I feel, I hunger, which declares 
Nature hath need of what fhe aiks ; yet God 
Can fatisfy that need fome other way, 
Though hunger ftill remain : fo it remain 
Without this body's wafting, I content me, 
And from the fting of famine fear no harm, 
Nor mind it, fed with better thoughts, that feed 
Me hung'ring more to do my Father's will. 

It was the hour of night, when thus the Son 
Commun'd in filent walk, then laid him down 
Under the hofpitable cover nigh 
Of trees thick interwoven ; there he flept, 
And dream'd, as Appetite is wont to dream, 
Of meats and drinks, Nature's refreihment fweet ; 
Him thonght, he by the brook of Cherith flood, 
And faw the ravens, with their horny beaks, 
Food to 'Elijah bringing even and morn, 
Though ravenous, taught t' abftaiu from what 

they brought ; 

Ke faw the Prophet alfo how he fled 
Into the defert, and how there he flept 
Under a juniper ; then how awak'd 
He found his fupper on the coals prepar'd, 
And by the Angel was bid rife and eat, 
And eaf the fecond time after repoie, 

The ftrength whereof fuffic'd him forty days; 

Sometimes that with Elijah he partook, 

Or as a gueft with Daniel at his pulfe. 

Thus wore out night, and now the herald lark 

Left his ground-neft, high tow'ring to defcry 

The Morn's approach, and greet her with hi* 


As lightly from his grafly couch up rofe 
Our Saviour, and found all was but a dream, 
Failing he went to fleep, and failing wak'd : 
Up to a hill anon his ileps he rear'd, 
From whofe high top to ken the profpect round, 
If cottage were in view, iheep-cote or herd ; 
But cottage, herd, or iheep-cote, none he faw; 
Only' in a bottom faw a pleafant grove, 
With chaunt of tuneful birds refounding loud ; 
Thither he bent his way, determined there 
To reft at noon, and enter'd foon the fhade 
High rooft, and walks beneath, and alleys brown, 
That open'd in the midft a woody fcene ; 
Nature's own work it feem'd (Nature taught Art) 
And to a fuperftitious eye the haunt 
Of wood-gods and wood-nymphs; he view'd it 


When fuddenly a man before him ftood, 
Not ruftic as before, but feemlier clad, 
As one in city', or court, or palace bred, 
And with fair fpeech thefe words to him addrefs'd. 

With granted leave officious I return, 
But much more wonder that the Son of God 
In this wild folitude fo long fhould bide 
Of all things deftitute, and well I know, 
Not without hunger. Others of fome note, 
As ftory tells, have trod this wildernefs ; 
The fugitive bond-woman with her fon 
Out-caft Nabaioth, yet found here relief 
By a providing angel ; all the race 
Of Ifrael here had famiih'd, had not God 
Rain'd from Heav'n manna ; and that Prophet 


Native of Thebez, wand'ring here, was fed 
Twice by a voice inviting him to eat : 
Of thee thefe forty days none hath regard, 
Forty and more deferted here indeed. [hence ? 
To whom thus Jefus. What conclud'il thou 
They all had need, as I, thou feeft, have none. 
How haft thou hunger then ? Satan reply'd : 
Tell me, if food were now before thee fet, 
Would' ft thou not eat ? Thereafter as I like 
The giver, anfwer'd Jefus. Why fhould that 
Caufe thy refufal? faid the fubtile Fiend. 
Haft thou not right to all created things? 
Owe not all creatures by juft right to thee 
Duty and fervice, not to itay till bid, 
But tender all their power ? nor mention I 
Meats by the law unclean, or offer'd firft 
To idols; thofe young Daniel could refufe ; 
Nor proffer' d by an enemy, tho' who 
Would fcruple that, with want opprefs'd ? Behold 
Nature afham'd, or better to exprefs, 
Troubled that thou ihould'ft hunger, hath purvey'd^ 
From all the elements her choiceft ftore 
To treat thee as befeems, and as her Lord 
With honour; only deign to fit and eat. 
He fpake no dream ; for as his words had endj; 

Stok II. 


Our Saviour, lifting up his eyes, beheld 
In ample fpace, under the broadefl fhade, 
A table richly fpread, in regal mode, 
With pil'd, and meats of nobleft fort 
And favour, beafls of chace, or fowl of game, 
In paftry built, or from the fpit, or boil'd, 
Gris-amber fteam'd ; all fiih from fca or fhore, 
Frefliet, or purling brook, of (hell or fin, 
And exquifitefl name, for which was drain'd 
Pontus, and Lucrine bay, and Afric coaft. 
Alas, how fimple, to thefe cates compar'd, 
Was that crude apple that diverted Eve ! 
And at a flately fide-board, by the wine, 
That fragrant fniell diffus'd in order flood 
Tall (tripling youths rich clad, of fairer hue 
Than Ganymed or Hylas; diftant more 
Under the trees now tripp'd, now folemn flood 
Nymphs of Diana's train, and Naiads 
With fruits and flow'rs from Amalthea's horn, 
And ladies of th' Hefperides, that feem'd 
Fairer than feign'd of old, or fabled iince 
Of fairy damfels met in foreft wide 
By knights of Logres, or of Lyones, 
Lancelot, or Pclleas, or Pellenore : 
And all the while harmonious airs were heard 
Of chiming ftrings, or charming pipes and winds 
Of gentleft gale Arabian odours fann'd 
From their foft wings, and Flora's earlieft fmells. 
Such was the fplendor, and the Tempter now 
His invitation earneftly renew'd. 

What doubts the Son of God to fit and eat ? 
Thefe are not fruits forbidden ; no interdict 
Defends the touching of thefe viands pure ; 
Their tafle no knowledge works at lead of evil, 
But life preferves, deftroys life's enemy, 
Hunger, with fweet reftorative delight. 
All thefe are fp'rits of air, and woods, and fprings, 
Thy gentle minifters, who come to pay 
Thee homage, and acknowledge thee their Lord : 
What doubt'ft thou Son of God? fit down and eat. 

To whom thus Jefus temp'rately reply 'd : 
Said'ft thou not that to all things 1 had right ? 
And who with-holds my power that right to ufe? 
Shall I receive by gift what of my own, 
When and where likes me beft, I can command ? 
I can at will, doubt not, as foon as thou, 
Command a table in this wildernefs, 
And call fwift flights of Angels miniftrant 
Array'd in glory on my cup t' attend : 
Why fhouldlt thou then obtrude this diligence, 
In vain, where no acceptance it can find ? 
And with my hunger what haft thou to do ? 
Thy pompous delicacies I contemn, 
And count thy fpacious gifts, no gifts, but guiles. 

To whom thus anfwer'd Satan malecontent : 
That I have alfo power to give, thou feeft ; 
If of that power I bring thee voluntary 
What I might have beftow'd on whom I pleas'd, 
And rather opportunely in this place 
Chofe to impart to thy apparent need. 
Why fhouldft thou not accept it ? but I fee 
What I can do or offer is fufpe& ; 
Of 'thefe things others quickly will difpofe, 
Whofe pains have earn'd the far fet fpoil. With 

Both table and provifion vaniflVd quite 
With found of Harpies' wings, and talons heard ; 
Only th' importune Tempter fliirremain'd, : 
And with thefe words his temptation purfu'd : 

By hunger, that each other creature tames, 
Thou art not to be harm'd ; therefore not mov'd; 
Thy temperance invincible befides, 
For no allurement yields to appetite, 
And all thy heart is fet on high defigns, 
High actions ; but wherewith to be achiev'd ? 
Great ails require great means of enterprife ; 
Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth, 
A carpenter thy father known, thyfelf 
Bred up in poverty and ftraits at home, 
Loft in a dei'ert here, and hunger-bit ; 
Which way, or from what hope dofl thou afpire 
To greatnefs; whence authority deriv'ft ? 
What followers, what retinue canft thou gain, 
Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude, 
Longer than thou canfl feed them on thy cofl ? 
Money brings honour, friends, conquefl, and 

realms : 

What rais'd Antipater the Edomite, 
And his fon Herod plac'd on Judah's throne, 
(Thy throne) but gold, that got him puiffant 

friends ? 

Therefore, if at great things thou wouldfl arrive, 
Get riches fir ft, get wealth, and treafure heap, 
Not difficult, if thou hearken to me ; 
Riches are mine ; Fortune is in my hand ; 
They whom I favour thrive in wealth amain, 
While Virtue, Valour, Wifdom fit in want. 
To whom thus Jcfus patiently reply' d : 
Yet wealth, without thefe three, is impotent 
To gain dominion, or to keep it gain'd. 
Witnefs thofe ancient empires of the earth, 
In height of all their flowing wealth diffolv'd : 
But men endued with thefe have oft attain'd 
In loweft poverty to higheft deeds ; 
Gideon and Jcphtha, and the fhepherd lad, 
Whore offspring on the throne of Judah fat 
So many ages, and fhall yet regain 
That feat, and reign in lirael without end. 
Among the Heathen (for thoughout the world 
To me is not unknown what hath been done 
Worthy' of memorial), canfl thou not remember 
Quintius, Fabricius, Curius Regulus ? 
For I efteem thofe names of men fo poor 
Who could do mighty things, and could contemn 
Riches tho' oiTer'd from the hand of kings. ' 
And what in me fcems wanting, but that I 
May alfo in thi^ poverty as foon 
Accomplish what they did, perhaps, and more ? 
Extol not riches then, the toil of fools, ^W 

The wife man's cumbrance, if not fnare, more apt 
To fiacken Virtue, a^.d abate her edge, 
Than prompt her to do aught may merit praife. 
What if, with like averfion, I reject 
Riches and realms ; yet not for that a crown, 
Golden in fhew, is but a wreath of thorns, 
Brings dangers, troub la^. cares, and fleeplefs nights 
To him who wears the regaldiadem, 
When on his fhoulders each mao's burthen lies^ 
For therein flands the office of a king, 
His honour, virtue, merit, and chief 



Book II. 

That for the public all his weight he bears. 
Yet he who reigns within himfelf, and rules 
Pafiions, defires, and fears, is more a king ; 
Which every wife and virtuous man attains: 
And who attains not, ill afpires to rule 
Cities of men, or headftrong multitudes, 
Subject himfelf to anarchy within, 
Or law lefs paffionsin him, which he ferves. 
But to guide nations in the way of truth 
By faving doctrine, and from error lead 
"To know, and knowing worfhip God aright, 

Is yet more kingly ; this attracts the foul, 
Governs the inner man, the nobler part ; 
That other o'er the body only reigns, 
And oft by force, which to a generous mind 
So reigning can be no fincere delight. 
Befides, to give a kingdom hath been thought 
Greater and nobler done, and to lay down 
For more magnanimous, than to aflume. 
Riches are needlefs then, both for themfelves, 
And for thy reafon why they ihould be fought, 
To gain a fceptre, ofteit better mifs'd, 



So fpake the Son of God ; and Satan flood 
A while as mute, confounded what to fay 
What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd 
Of his weak arguing, and fallacious drift ; 
At length, collecting all his ferpent wiles, 
With foothing words renevv'd, him thus accofts : 

I fee thou know'ft what is of ufe to know 
What beft to fay canft fay, to do can'ft do ; 
Thy actions to thy words accord ; thy words 
To thy large heart give utterance due ; thy heart 
Contains of good, wife, juft, the perfect fhape. 
Should kings and nations from thy mouth confult, 
Thy counfel would be as the oracle 
Urim and Thummim, thofe oraculous gems 
On Aaron's breaft ; or tongue of feers old 
Infallible ; or wert thou fought to deeds 
That might require th' array of war, thy Ikill 
Of conduct would be fuch, that all the world 
Could not fuflain thy prowefs, or fubfift 
In battle, though againfl thy few in arms. 
Thefe godlike virtues wherefore doft thou hide, 
Affecting private life, or more obfcure 
In favuge wildernefs ? wherefore deprive 
All earth her wonder at thy acts, thyfelf 
The fame and glory, glory the reward 
That fo!e excites to high attempts, the flame 
Of moft creeled Sp'rits, moft temper'd pure 
Ethereal, who all pleafures elfe delpife, 
All treafures, and all gain efteem as drofs, 
And dignities, and Powers, all but the HJgheft ? 
Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe ; the fon 
Of Macedonian Philip had e'er thefe 
Won ACa, and the throne of Cyrus held 
At his difpofe ; young Scipio had brought down 
The Carthaginian pride : young Pompey quell' d 
The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode. 
Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, 
Quench not the thirft of glory, but augment, 
Great Julius, whom now all the world admires, 
The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd 
With glory, wept that he had liv'd fo long 
Inglorious : but thou yet art not too late. 

To whom our Saviour calmly thus reply'd : 
Thou neither doft perfuade me to feck wealth 

For empire's fake, nor empire to efied 

For glory's fake by all thy argument. 

For what is glory but the blaze of fame, 

The people's praife, if always praife unmix'd ? 

And what the people but a herd confus'd, 

A mifcellaneous rabble, who extol {praife? 

Things vulgar, and, well weigh'd, fcarce worth the 

They praife and they admire they know not what, 

And know not whom, but as one leads the other ; 

And what delight to be by fuch extoll'd, 

To live upon their tonguee, and be their talk, 

Of whom to be difprais'd were no fmall praife ? 

His lot who dares be fingularly good. 

Th' intelligent among them .and the wife 

Are few, and glory fcarce of few is rais'd. 

This is true glory and renown, when God 

Looking on th' earth, with approbation marks 

The juft man, and divulges him through Heav'n 

To all his angels, who with true applaufe 

Recount his praifes : thus he did to Job, 

When to extend his fame through Heav'n and 


As thou to thy reproach may'ft well remember, 
He aflc'd thee, Haft thou feen my fervant Job ? 
Famous he was in Heav'n, on Earth lefs known ; 
Where glory is falfe glory, attributed 
To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. 
They err who count it glorious to fubdue 
By conqueft far and wide, to over-run 
Large countries, and in field great battles win, 
Great cities by aflault : what do thefe worthies, 
But rob and fpoil, burn, (laughter, and inflave 
Peaceable nations, neighb'ring or remote, 
Made captive, yet deferving freedom more 
Than thofe their conquerors, who leave behind 
Nothing but ruin wherefoe'er they rove, 
And all the flourifliing works of peace deftroy, 
Then fwell with pride, and muft be titled Gods, 
Great benefactors of mankind, deliverers, 
Worlhipt with temple, prieft, and facrifice ? 
One is the fon of Jove, of Mars the other ; 
Till conqu'ror Death difcovers them fcarce men, 
Rolling in brutifh vice vices, and deform'd, 
Violent or fhameful, death their due reward. 




But if there be in glory ought of good, 
It may by means far different be attain'd 
Without ambition, war, or violence ; 
J3y deeds of peace, by wifdom eminent, 
By patience, temperance : I mention ftill 
Him whom thy wrongs with faintly patience borne 
Made famous in a land and times obfcure ; 
Who names not now with honour patient Job ? 
Poor Socrates (who next more memorable ?) 
By what he taught, and f uffer'd for fo doing, 
."For {ruth's fake fuffering death unjuft, lives now 
Equal in fame to proudeft conquerors. 
Yet if for fame and glory ought be done, 
Ought fuffer'd ; if young African for fame 
His wafted country freed from Punic rage, 
The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at leaft, 
And lofes, tho' but verbal, his reward. 
Shall I feek glory then, as vain men feek, 
Oft not deferv'd ? I feek not mine, but his 
Who fent me', and thereby witnefs whence I am. 

To whom the Tempter murm'ringthus reply'd : 
Think not fo flight of glory ; therein leaft 
Refembling thy great Father : he feeks glory, 
And for his glory all things made, all things 
Orders and governs; nor content in Heav'n 
By all his angels glorified, requires 
Glory from men, from all men, good or bad, 
Wife or unwife, no difference, no exemption; 
Above all facrifice, or hallo w'd gift 
Glory' he requires, and glcry he receives 
Promifcuous from all nations, Jew, or Greek, 
Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd ; 
From us his foes pronounc'd, glory' he exacts. 

To whom our Saviour fervently reply'd : 
And reafon ; fince his word all things produc'd. 
Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, 
But to fhew forth his goodnefs, and impart 
His good communicabk to every foul 
Freely ; of whom what could he Icfs expect 
Than glory' and benediction, that is, thanks, 
The flightlieft, eafieft, readieft recompenfe 
From them who could return him nothing elfe, 
And not returning that would likelieft render 
Contempt inftead, difhonour, obloquy ? 
Hard recompence, unfuitable return 
For fo much good, fo much beneficence. 
But why fhould man feek glory, who' of his own 
Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs 
But condemnation, ignominy' and fhame : 
Who for fo many benefits receiv'd 
Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and falfe, 
And fo of all true good himfelf defpoil'd, 
Vet facrilegious, to himfelf would take 
That which to God alone of right belongs ; 
Yet fo much bounty is in God, fuch grace, 
That who advance his glory, not their own, 
Them he himfelf to glory will advance. 

So fpake the Son of God ; and here again 
Satan had not to anfwerj but flood ftruck 
With guilt of his own fin ; for he himfelf 
Infatiablc of glory had loft all, ' 
Yet of another plea bethought him foon. 

Of glory, as thou wilt, faid he, fo deem, 
Worth or riot worth the feeking, let it pafs : 
But to a kingdom thou art born, ordain'd 

To fit upon thy father David's throne ; 

By mother's fide thy father , though thy right 

Be now in powerful hands that will not part 

Eafily from poffeifion won with arms : 

Judaea now, and all the promifed Land, 

Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke, 

Obeys Tiberius ; nor is always rul'd 

With Temp'rate fway ; oft have they violated 

The temple, oft the law, with foul affronts, 

Abominations rather, as did once 

Antiochus : and think'ft thou to regain 

Thy right by fitting ftill, or thus retiring ? 

So did not Maccabeus : he indeed 

Retir'd unto the defert, but with arms ; 

And o'er a mighty king fo oft prevail'd, 

That by ftror.g hand his family obtain'd, 

Though priefts, the crown, and David's throne 


With Modin and her fuburbs once content. 
If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal 
And duty ; zeal and duty are not flow ; 
But on occasion's forelock watchful wait. 
They themfelves rather are occafion heft, 
Zeal of thy Father's houfe, duty to free 
Thy country from her Heathen fervitude ; 
So {halt thou heft fulfil, beft verify 
The Prophets old, who fung their endlcfs reign \ 
The happier reign the fooner it begins ; 
Reign then ; what canft thou better do the while. ? 

To whom our Saviour anfwer thus return'd : 
All things are beft fulfill'd in their due time, 
And time there is for all things, truth hath faid : 
If of my reign prophetic writ hath told 
That it fhall never end, fo when begin 
The Father in his purpofe hath decreed, 
He in whofe hand all times and feafons roll. 
What if he hath decreed that I fhall firft 
Be try'd in humble ftate, and things adverfe, 
By tribulation, injuries, infults, 
Contempts, and fcorns, and fnares, and violence, 
Suffering, abftaining, quietly expecting, 
Without diftrtift or doubt, that he may know 
What I can luffer, how obey ? who beft 
Can fuffer, beft can do ; beft reign, who firfl 
Well hath obey'd ; juft trial, e'er I merit 
My exaltation without change or end. 
But what concerns it thee when I begin 
My everlafting kingdom ? why art thou 
Solicitous ? what moves thy inquifition ? 
Know'ft thou not that my rifing is thy fall, 
And my promotion will be thy deftruction ? 

To Avhom the Tempter inly rack'd reply'd : 
Let that come when it comes ; all hope is loft, 
Of my reception into grace ; what worfe, 
For where no hope is left, is left no fear : 
If there be worfe, the expectation more 
Of worfe torments me than the feeling can.. 
I would be at the worft ; worft is my port, 
My harbour, and my ultimate repofe ; 
The end I would attain, my final good. 
My error was my error, and my crime 
My crime ; whatever for itfelf condemn'd 
And will alike he punifh'd, whether thou 
Reign or reign not ; though to that gentle brow 
Willingly I could fly, and hope thy reign, 

ftvol 1IL 


From that placid afpect and meek regard, 

Rather than aggravate my evil ftate, 

Would ftand between me and thy Father's ire, 

(Whofe ire I dread more than the fire of Hell) 

A fhelter and a kind of fhading cool 

Interpofition, as a fummer's cloud. 

If I then to the worft that can be hafte, 

Why move thy feet fo flow to what is beft, 

Happieft both to thyfelf and all the world, 

That thcu who worthieft art fliould be their king ? 

Perhaps thou linger'ft in deep thoughts detain'd 

Of th' enterprize fo hazardous and high ; 

No wonder, for though in thee be united 

What of perfection can in man be found, 

Or human nature can receive, confidcr, 

Thy life hath yet been private, moft part fpent 

At home, fcarce view'd the Galilean towns 

And once a year Jerufaiem, few days [ferve ? 

Short fojourn ; and what thence could'ft thou ob- 

The world thou haft not feen, much lefs her 


Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, 
Beft fchool of beft experience, quickeft infight 
In all things that to greateft actions lead. 
The wifeft, unexperienced, will be ever 
Timorous and loath, with novice modefty, 
(As he who feeking affes found a kingdom) 
Irrefolute, unhardy, unadventrous : 
But I will bring thee where thou foon'fhalt quit 
Thofe rudiments, and fee before thine eyes 
The monarchies of th' earth, their pomp and ftate, 
Sufficient introduction to inform 
Thee, of thyfelf Ib apt, in regal arts, 
And regal myfteries, that thou may'ft know 
How beft their oppofition to withftand. 

With that (futh power was giv'n him then) he 


The Son of God up to a mountain high, 
*lt was a mountain at whofe verdant feet 
A fpacious plain out-ftretch'd in circuit wide 
Lay pleafant ; from his fide two rivers flow'd, 
Th' one winding, th' other (trait, and left be 

Fair champain with lefs rivers interven'd, 
Then meeting join'd their tribute to the fea; 
Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil and wine ; 
With herds the paftures throng'd, with flocks the 

hills : 

Huge cities and high tower'd, that well might feem 
The feats of mightieft monarchs ; and fo large 
The profped was, that here and there was room 
For barren defert fountainlefs and dry. 
To this high mountain top the Tempter brought 
Our Saviour, and new train of words began. 

Well have we fpeeded ; and o'er hill and dale, 
Foreft, and field, and flood, temples and towers, 
Cut fhorter many a league ; here thou behold'ft 
Affyria and her empire's ancient bounds, 
Araxesand the Cafpian lake, thence on 
As far as Indus eaft, Euphrates weft, 
And oft beyond ; to fouth the Perfian bay, 
And inacceflible th' Arabian drouth : 
Here Nineveh, of length within her wall 
Several days journey, built by Ninus old, 
Of that firfi golden monarchy the feat, 

And feat of Salmanaffar, whofe fuccefs 
frael in long captivity ftill mourns ; 
There Babylon, the Wonder of all tongues, 
As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice 
udah and all thy father David's houfe 
Led captive, and Jerufaiem laid wafte, 
Till Cyrus fet them free ; Perfepolis 
His city there then feeft, and Badra there ; 
Ecbatana her ftru&ure vaft there fhews, 
And Hecatompylos her hundred gates ; 
There Sufa by Choafpes, amber ftream, 
The drink of none but kings ; of later fame, 
Built by Emathian, or by Parthian hands, 
The great Seleucia, Nifibis, and there 
Artaxata, Teredon, Ctefiphon, 
Turning with eafy eye thou may'ft behold. 
All thefe the Parthian, now fome ages paft, 
By great Arfaces led, who founded firft 
That empire, under his dominion holds, 
From the luxurious kings of Antioch won. 
And juft in time thou com'ft to have a view 
Of his great power ; for now the Parthian king 
In Ctefiphon hath gather'd all his hoft 
Againft the Scythian, whofe incurfions wild 
Have wafted Sogdiana ; to her aid 
He marches now in hafte; fee, tho' from far, 
His thoufauds, in what martial equipage 
They iffue forth, fteel bows, and fhafts their arms 
Of equal dread in flight, or in purfuit ; 
All horfemen, in which fight they moft excel; 
See how in warlike mufter they appear, 
In rhombs and wedges, and half-moons, and 


He lcok'4, and faw what numbers numberlefs 
The city gates out-pour'd, light-arm'd troops 
In coats of mail and military pride ; 
In mail their horfes clad, yet fleet and ftrong, 
Prancing their riders bore, the flower and choice 
Of many provinces from bound to bound ; 
From Arachofia, from Candaor eaft, 
And Margiaha to the Hyrcanian cliffs 
Of Caucafis, and dark Iberian dales, 
From Atropatia and the neighb'ring plains 
Of Adiabene, Media, and the fouth 
Of Sufiana, to Belfara's haven. ' . ^' 
He faw them in their forms of battle rang'd, 
How quick they wheel'd, and flying, behind them 


Sharp fleet of arrowy fhowers againft the face 
Of their purfuers, and overcame by flight ; 
The field all iron eaft a gleaming brown : 
Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn 
Cuirafllers all in fteel for ftanding fight, 
Chariots or elephants indors'd with towers 
Of archers, nor of lab'ring pioneers 
A multitude, with fpades and axes armd, 
To lay hills plain, fell woods, or vallies fill, 
Or where plain was, ralfe hill, or overlay 
With bridges rivers proud, as with a yoke; 
Mules after thefe, camels and dromedaries, 
And waggons fraught with utenfils of war. 
Such forces met not, nor fo wide a camp, 
When Agrican, with all his northern powers, 
Befieg'd Albracca, as romances tell, 
The city' of Gallaphrone, from whence to win 

H iij 



IBM nr. 

The falreft of her fex, Angelica, 
His daughter, fought by many proweft knights, 
Both Paynim, and the peers of Charlemaign. 
Such, and fo ntunerous were their chivalry ; 
At fight whereof the Fiend yet mere prefumM, 
And to our Saviour thus his words renew'd. 

That thou may 'ft know I feek not to engage 
Thy virtue, and not every way fecure 
On no flight grounds thy fafety ; hear, and mark 
To what end I have brought thee hither, anc 


All this fair fight : thy kingdom, tho' foretold 
By Prophet or by Angel, unlefs thou 
Endeavour, as thy father David did, 
Thou never (halt obtain ; prediction {till 
In all things, and all men,fuppofe3 means; 
Without means tis'd, what it predicts revokes', 
But fay thou wert poffefs'cl of David's throne 
By free confent of all, none oppofite, 
Samaritan or Jew ; how couldft thou hope 
Long to enjoy it quiet and fecure, 
Between two fuch inclofing enemies, 
Roman and Parthian ? therefore one of thefe 
Thou muft riiake fure thy own, the Parthian firft 
By my advice, as nearer, and af late 
Found able by invalion to annoy 
Thy country', and captive lead away her kings, 
A'ntigoR'us arid old Hyrcanus bound, 
Maugre the Roman : it (hall be my talk 
To render thee the Parthian at difpofe : 
Choofe which thou wilt, by conqueft or by league, 
By him th'o'u fhalt regain, without him not, 
That which alone can truly reinftall thee 
In David's royal feat, his true fucc^ffor, 
Deliverance of thy brethren, thofe Ten Tribes 
Whofe offspring in his territory' yet ferve, 
In Habor, and among the Medes difpers'd ; 
'Ten fons of Jacob, two of Jofeph loft 
Thus long from Ifrael, ferving as of old 
Their fathers in the land of Egypt ferv'd,. 
This offer fets before thee to deliver. 
Thefe if from fervitude thou fhalt reftore 
To their inheritance, then, nor till then, 
Thou on the throne of David in full glory, 
From Egypt to Euphrates, and beyond, 
Shait reign, and Rome or Caefar not need tear. 

To Whom our Saviour anfwer'd thus, unmov'd, 
Much oftentaticn vain ef flefhly arm, 
And fragil arms, much inftrument of war 
Long in preparing, foon to nothing brought, 
Before mine eyes thou' haft fet; and in my ear 
Vented much policy, and projects deep 

Of enemies, of aids, battles and leagues, 

Plauiible to the world, to me worth nought. 

Means I muft ufe, thou fay'ft, predi&ion elfe 

Will unpredi6t, and fail me of the throne : 

My time I told thee (and that time for thee 

Were better fartheft off) is not yet come : 

When that comes, think not thou to find me flack 

On my part ought endeavouring, or to need 

Thy politic maxims, or that cumberfome 

Luggage of war there fhewn me, argument 

Of human Avcaknefs rather than of ftrength. 

My brethren, as thou call'ft them, thofe Ten Tribe* 

I muft deliver, if I mean to reign 

David's true heir, and his full fceptre fway 

To juft extent over all Ifrael's fons ; 

But whence to thee this zeal ? where was it them, 

For Ifrael, or for David, or his throne, 

When thon ftood'ft up his temper to the pride 

Of numb'ring Ifrael, which cbft the lives 

Of threefcore and tenthoufand Ifraelites 

By three days peftilence ? fuch was thy zeal 

To Ifrael then, the fame that now to me. 

As for thofe captive tribes, themfelves were they 

Who wrought their own captivity, fell off 

From God, to worfhip calves, the deities 

Of Egypt, Baal next, and Afhtaroth, 

And all th' idolatries of Heathen round, 

Befides their other worfe than heath'niih crimes j 

Nor in the land of their captivity 

Humbled themfelves, or penitent befought 

The God of their forefathers ; but fo dy'd 

Impenitent, and left a race behind 

Like to themfelves, deftinginfhable fcarce 

From Gentiles, but by circumcifion vain, 

And God with idols in their worfhip jcm'd. 

Should I of thefe the liberty regard, 

Who freed us to their ancient patrimony, 

Unhumbled, unrepentant, unreform'd, [hapg 

Headlong would follow' ; ajad to their gods per 

Of Bethel and of Dan ? no, let them ferve 

Their enemies, who ferve idols with God. 

Yet he at length, time to himielf beft knowa, 

Rememb'ring Abraham, by feme wond'rous call 

May bring them back repentant andfincere, 

And at their paffing cleave th Affyrian flood, 

Whale to their native land with joy they hafte y 

As the red fea and Jordan once he cleft, 

When to the Promis'd Land their fathers pafs'd % 

To his due time and providence I leave them. 

So fpake Ifrael's true King, and to the Fiend 
VTade anfwer meet, that made void all his wiles. 
So fares it when with Truth Falfehood contends. 



PERPLEX'D and troubled at his bad fuceefs 

The Tempter flood, nor what to reply, 

Difcover'd in his fraud, thrown from his hope 

So oft, and the perfuafive rhetoric 

That fleek'd his tongue, and won fo much on Eve, 

So little here, nay loft ; but Eve was Eve, 

This far his over-match, who felf-deceiv'd 

-And rafh, before-hand had no better wei^h'd 

The ftrength he was to cope with, or his own t 

But as a man who had been matchlefs held 

In cunning, over-reach'd where leaft he thought, 

To falve his credit, and for very fpite, 

Still will be tempting him who foils him (till, 

And never ceal'e, though to his fhame the more, 

Or as a fwarm of flies in vintage time, 

About the wine-prefs where fweet muft is pour'd 

Beat off, returns as oft with humming found, 

Or furging waves againft a Iblid rock, 

Though all to fhivers dafh'd, th' aflault renew, 

Vain batt'ry, and in froth or bubbles end ; 

So Satan, whom repulfe upon repulfe 

Met ever, and to fhameful filence brought, 

Yet gives not o'er, though defp'rate of fucccfs, 

And his vain importunity purfues. 

He brought our Saviour to the wtftern fide 

Of that high mountain, whence he might behold 

Another plain, long, but in breadth not wide, 

Wafh'd by the fouthern fca, and on the north 

To equal length back'd with a ridge of hills 

That fcrecn'd the fruits of th' earth, and feats of 


From cold Septentrion blafls, thence irt the midft 
Divided by a river, of whofe banks 
On each fide an imperial city flood, 
With tow'rs and temples proudly elevate 
On fev'n fmall hills, with palaces adorn'd, 
Porches and theatres, baths, aqueducts, 
Statues and trophies, and arcs, 
Gardens and groves prefented to his eyes, 
Above the height of mountains inferpos'd ; 
By what ftrange parallax or optic fkill 
Of vifion multiply'd through air, or glafs 
Of telefcope, were curious to inquire : 
And now the Tempter thus his ftlence broke 

The city which thou feeft/no other deem 
Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth 3 
So far renown 'd, and with the fpoils enrich'd 
Of nations ; there the capital thou feeft 
Above the reft lifting his {lately head 
On the Tarpeian rock, her citadel 
Impregnable, and there Mount Pa'atine, 
| Th' imperial palace, compafs huge and high 
I The ftru&ure, fkill of nobleft architects, 
j With gilded battlements, confpicuous far, 
j Turrets and terrafes, and glitt'ring fpires. 
Many a fair edifice befides, more like 
Houfes of God, (fo well I have difpos'd 
My airy microfcope) thou may'ftjbehold 
j Outfide and infide both, pillars and roofs, 
! Carv'd work, the hand of fam'd artificers 
In cedar, marble, ivory or gold. 
Thence to the gates call round thine eye, and fee 
What confiux iffuing forth, or entering in, 
Pretors, proconfuls to their provinces 
Hafting, or on return, in robes of ftate } 
Lidlors and rods, the enfigns of their power, 
Legions and cohorts, turms of horfe and wings J 
Or embaffies from regions far remote 
In various habits on the Appian road, 
Or on th' Emilian, fame from fartheft fouth, 
j Syene', and where the ftiadow both way falls, 

Meroe Nilotic ile, and niore to wft, 
j The realm of Bocchus to the Black -moor fea ; 
\ From th' Afian kings, and Parthian among theft, 
! From India and the golden Cherfonefe, 
And utrrioft Indian ile Taprobane, 
Dufk faces, with white filken turbants wreath'd j 
From Gallia, Gades, and the Britifh weft, 
Germans and Scythians, and Sarmatians north 
Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pooL 
All nations now to Rome obedience pay, 
To Rome's great Emperor, whofe wide domain 
In ample territory, wealth and power, 
Civility of manners, arts and arms, 
And long renown, thou juflly may 1 ft prefer 
Before the Parthian; thefe two thrones except, 
The reft are barb'rous, and icarce v/orth the fight.. 
Shar'd amcng petty kings too far remov'd \ 

H iiij 


Thefe having fhewn thee, T have {hewn thee all 

The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory. 

This emp'ror hath no fon, and now is old, 

Old and lafcivious, and from Rome retir'd 

To Capreae, an ifland fmall hut ftrong 

On the Campaman fhore, \vith pxirpofe there 

H-is horrid lufts in private to enjoy, 

Committing to a wicked favourite 

All public cares, and yet of him fufpicious, 

Hated of all, and' hating; with what eafe, 

Indued with regal virtues as thou art, 

Appearing, and beginning noble deeds, 

Might 'ft thou expel this monfter from his throne 

Now made a ftye, and in his place afcending, 

A victor people free from iervile yoke ? 

And with my help thou may'ft ; to me the 


Ts giv'n, and by that right I give it thee. 
Aim therefore at no lefs than all the world ; 
/ im at the high'ft, without the high 'ft attain'd 
Will be for thee no fitting, or not long, 
On David s throne, be prophecy d what will. 

To whom the Son of God unmov'd reply'd : 
!Nor doth this grandeur and majeftrc {hew 
Of luxury, though call'd magnificence, 
More than of arms before, allure mine eye, 
Much lefs my mind; though thou fliould'ft add 

. . to tell 

Their furnptucus gluttonies, and gorgeous feafts 
On citron tables, or Atlantic flone, 
(For I have alfo heard, perhaps have read) 
Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne, 
Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold, 
Chryftal and myrrhine cups imbofs'd with gems 
And fluds of pearl, to me fhould'ft tell who thirft 
And hunger ftill : then embafiies thou Ihew'ft 
From nations far and nigh ; what honour that, 
JBut tedious wafie of time to fit and hear 
So many hollow compliments and lies, 
Outlandifh flatteries ? then proceed 'ft to talk 
Of th' Emperor, how eafily fubdu'd, 
How glorioufly ; I. fhall, thou fay ft, expel 
A brutifti monfter ; what if I withal 
Expel a devil, who firft made him fuch. ? 
Let liis tormentor Conference find him out } 
For him I was not fent, nor yet to free ,-j. 
That people- viclor once, .now vile and baft 4 , 
Dcfervedly made vaffa-1,.. who once juft, 
Frugal, and-.inild,,"aijd temp' rate, conquer' d well, 
But ' govern- -ili the nations under yoke^ 
Peeling th^ir provinces, exhaufttd all 
By luft and rapin ; firft ambitious grown 
,Of iriurttpl^ that infulting vanity ; 
Then crilel*, by their fpprts to blood inur'd 
Of 'fighting beafts, and men. to beafts expos'd, 
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier ilili, 
And from the daily fcene effeminate. 
What wife : and valiant man w.< uid leek to free 
Thefe thus t degenerate by .themfelves inflav'd^ 
Or could of inward flaves make outward free ? 
Know therefore, when my feaf< !) ccnies to fit 
On Davjd s throne, it {hall be like a tree 
Spreading and overfhadowing all the earth 
Or as a ftone that {hall to pieces da{h 
AH monarchies befides throughout the world, 

And of my kingdom there ftiall be no end : 
Means there fhall be to this, but what the means, 
Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell. 

To whom the Tempter impudent reply'd : 
I fee all offers made by me how flight 
Thou valueft, becaufe offer'd, and rejecYft : 
Nothing will pleafe the difficult and nice, 
Or nothing more than ftill to contradict : 
On th' other fide know alfo thou, that I 
On what I offer fct as high efteem, 
Nor what I part with mean to give for nought ; 
All thefe which in a moment thou behold'ft, 
The kingdoms of the world to thee I give ; 
For giv'n to me, I give to whom I pleafe, 
No trifle ; yet with this referve, not elfe, 
On this condition, if thou wilt fall down, 
And worfhip me as thy fuperior lord, 
Eafily done, and hold them all of me ; 
For what can lefs fo great a gift deferve ? 

Whom thus our Saviour anfwer'd with difduln. 
I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers lefs ; 
Now both abhor, fince thou haft dar'd to utter 
Th' abominable terms, impious condition ; 
But I endure the time, till which expir'd 
Thou haft permiffion on me. It is written 
The firft of all commandments, Thou fhalt wor 


The Lord thy God, and only him fhalt ferve ; 
And dar'ft thou to the Son of God propound 
To worfnip thee accurs'd, now more accurs'd 
For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve, 
And more blafphemous ? which expe<5t to rue. 
The kingdoms of the world to thee were given. 
Permitted rather, and by thee ufurp'd ; 
Other donation none tbou can'ft produce ' ^ 
If giv'n, by whom but by the King of Kings, 
God over all fupreme ? if giv n to thee, 
I'y thee how fairly is the giver now 
Repaid ? But gratitude in thee is loft 
Long fince. Wert thou fo void of fear or fhame,. 
As offer them to me the Sen of Go'p,> 
To me my own, on fuch abhorred pact 
That I fall down and worfiup thee as God ? 
Get thee behind me ; plain thou now appear'il 
That evil one, Satan for ever damn'd. 

To whom the Fiend with fear abafh'd reply'di. 
Ee not fo fore offended, Son of God, 
Though fons of God both angels are and men, 
If I to try whether in higher fort 
Than thefe thou bear'ft that title, haX'e proposed 
What both from men and angels I receive, 
Teirarchs of fire, air, flood, and on the earth 
Nations befides from all the quarter'd winds, 
God of this world invok'd and world beneath ; 
Who then thou art, whofe coming is foretold 
To me fo fatal, me it moft concerns. 
The trial hath indamag'd thee no way ; . . 

Rather more honour left and more efteem ; X 
Me nought advantag'd, miffing what I aim'd. 
Therefore let pafs, as they are tranfitory, 
The kingdoms of this world ; I fhall no more 
Advife thee ; gain them as thou canft, or not. 
And thou thyfelf feem'ft otherwife inclin'd 
Than to a wc-rldly crown, addicted more 
To contemplation and profound difpute, 

3ol IV. 


As by that early acVion may be judg'd, 

When flipping from thy mother's eye thou wcnt'ft 

Alone into tlie temple ; there waft found 

Among the graveft Rabhies difputant 

On points and queftions fitting Mofes' chair, 

Teaching, not taught ; the childhood (hews the 


As morning fhews the day. Be famous then 
By wifdom ; as thy empire muft extend, 
So let extend thy mind o'er all the world 
In knowledge, all things in ic comprehend : 
All knowledge is not couch'd in Mofes' law, 
The Pentateuch, or what the Prophets wrote ; 
The Gentiles alfo know, and write, and teach 
To admiration, led by Nature's light ; 
And with the Gentiles much thou muft converfe, 
Ruling them by perfuafion as thou meanft ; 
Without their learning, how wilt thou with them, 
Or they with thee hold converfation meet ? 
How wilt thou reafon with them, how refute 
Their idolifms, traditions, paradoxes ? 
Error by his own arms is beft evinc'd. 
Look once more e'er we leave thisfpecular mount 
Weft ward, much nearer by fouthweft, behold 
Where on the jEgean fhore a city ftands 
Built nobly, pure the air, and light the foil, 
Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts 
And eloquence, native to famous wits 
Or hofpitable, in her fweet recefs. 
Cicy or fuburban, ftudieus walks and lhades ; 
See there the olive grove of Academe, 
Plato's retirement, where the Attic bird 
Trills her thick-warbled notes the fummer long ; 
There flowery hill Hymettus with the found 
Of bees induftrious murmur oft invites 
To fhidious milling ; there Iliffus rolls 
Hiswhifp'nng llream : within the walls' then view 
The fchools of ancient fages ; his who bred 
Great Alexander to fubdue the world, 
Lyceum there, and painted Stoa next : 
There fhalt thou hear and learn the fecret power 
Of harmony in tones and numbers hit 
By voice or hand, and various-meafur'd verfe, 
./Eclian charms, and Dorian lyric odes, 
And his who gave them breath, but higher fung, 
Blind Melefigencs, thence Homer ca41'd, 
Whofe poem Phoebus challenged for his own. 
Thence what the lofty grave tragedians taught 
In Chorus or Iambic, teachers beft 
Of moral prudence, with delight receiv'd 
In brief fcntentious precepts, while they treat 
Of Fate, and Chance, and change in human life ; 
High actions, and high paffions beft defcribing : 
Thence to the famous orators repair, 
Thofe ancient, whofe refiftlef- eloquence 
Wielded at will that fierce democratic, 
Shook th' arfenal, and lulmin'd over Greece, 
To Macedon and Artaxerxes' throne : 
To fage Philofophy next lend thine ear 
From Heav'n defcended to the low-rooft houfe 
Of Socrates ; fee there his tenement, 
Whom well infpir'd the oracle pronounc'd 
Wifeft of men ; from whofe mouth iffued forth 
Melifluou-s ftreams that water'd all the fchools 
'Of Academics old -and new, with thofe 

Surnam'd Peripatetics, and the feet 
Epicurean, and the Stoic fevere ; 
Thefe here revolve, or, as thou lik'ft, at home, 
Till time mature thee to a kingdom's weight; 
Thefe rules will render dice a king complete 
Within thyfdf, muck more with empire join'd. 

To whom our Saviour fkgely thus reply'd : 
Think not but that I know thefe things, or think 
I know them not ; not therefore am I fhort 
Of knowing what I ought : he who receives 
Light from above, from the Fountain of Light, 
No other doctrine needs, though granted true ; 
But thefe are fa'fe, or little elfe but dreams, 
Conjectures, fancies, built on nothing firm. 
The firft and wifcft of them all profefb'd 
To know this only, that he nothing knew ; 
The next to fabling fell, and fmooth conceits ; 
A third fort doubted all things though plain fenfe ; 
Others in virtue plac'd felicity, 
But virtue join'd with riches and long life ; 
In corporeal pleafure he, arid carelcfs eafe ; 
The Stoic laft in philofophic pride, 
By him calPd Virtue ; and his virtuous man, 
Wife, perfect in himfelf, and all poffeffing. 
Equals to God, oft fhames not to prefer, 
As fearing God nor man, contemning all, 
Wealth, pleafure, pain, or torment, death and life, 
Which, when he lifts, he leaves, or beads he can, 
For all his tedious talk is but vain boaft 
Or fubtle fhifts conviction to evade. 
Alas, what can they teach, and not miflead,' 
Ignorant of themfelves, of God much more, 
And how the world began, and how man fell, 
Degraded by himfelf, on grace depending ? 
Much of the foul they talk, but all awry, 
And in themfelves feek virtue, and to themfelves 
All glory arrogate,. to God give none, 
Rather accufe htm under ufual names, 
Fortune and Fate, as one regardlefs quite 
Of mortal things. Who therefore feeks in thefe 
True wifdom, finds her not, or by delufion 
Far worfe, her falfe refemblance only meets, 
An empty cloud. However, many books, 
Wife men have faid, are wearifome ; who reads 
Inceflantly, and to his reading brings not 
A fpirit and judgment equal or fuperior 
(And what he brings, what needs he elfewhere 
Uncertain and unfettled ftill remains, [feek ?} 
Deep vers'd in books, and fhallow in himfelf, 
Crude or intoxicate, collecting toys, 
And trifles for choice matters, worth a fpunge j 
As children gathering pebbles on the fhore. 
Or if I would delight my private hours 
With mufic or with poem, where fo foon 
As in our native language can I find 
That folace ? All our law and ftory ftrow'J 
With hymns, our pfulms with artful terms in- 


Our Hebrew fongs and harps in Babylon, 
That pleas'd fo well our victor's ear, declare 
That rather Greece from us thefe arts deriv'd; 
111 imitated, while they leudeft fing 
The vices of their deities, and their own, 
In fable, hymn, or fong, fo perfonating 
Their gods ridiculous, and thernTelves paft fhame, 



Soot IV. 

.Remove their fweliing epithets, thick laid 

As varnifb. on a harlot's cheek ; the reft, 

Thin fown with ought of profit or delight, 

"Will far be found unworthy to compare 

With Sion's fongs, to all-true taftes excelling, 

Where God is prais'd aright, and god-like men, 

The holieft of holies, and his faints ; 

Such are from God infpir'd, not fuch from thee, 

Unlefs where moral virtue is exprefs'd 

By light of Nature, not in all quite loft. 

Their orators thou then extol] 'ft, asthofc 

The top of eloquence, ftatifts indeed, 

And lovers of their country, as may feem ; 

But herein to our Prophets far beneath, 

As men divinely taught, and better teaching 

The folid rules of civil government 

In their majeflic unaffected ftile, 

Than all th' oratory of Greece and Rome. 

In them is plained taught, and eaiieft learnt, 

What makes a nation happy' , and keeps it fo, 

What ruins kingdoms, and lays cities fiat ; 

Thefe only with our law beft form a king. 

So fpake- the Son of God ; but Satan now 
Quite at a lofs, for all his darts were fpent, 
Thus to our Saviour with ftern brow reply'd : 

Since neither wealth, nor honour, arms, nor arts, 
Kingdom nor empire, pleafes thee, nor ought 
By me propos'd in life contemplative, 
Or aciive, tended on by glory', or fame, 
What doit thou in this world '. the wildtrnefs 
For thee is fitted place ; I found thee there, 
And thither will return thee ; yet remember 
What I foref.el thee, foon thou fhak have caufe 
To wifh thou never haclft rejected thus 
Nicely or cautioufly my offer'd aid, 
Which would have fee thee in a fhort time with 


On David's throne, or throne of all the world, 
Now at full age, fulnefs of time, thy feafon, 
When prophecies of thee are beft fulfill'd. 
Now contrary, if I read ought in Htav'n, 
Or Heav'n write ought of Fate, by what the flars 
Voluminous, or fingle characters, 
In their conjunction mtt, give me to fpetl 
Sorrows, and labours, oppcfition, hate, 
Attends thee, fcorns, reproaches, injuries, 
Violence and ftripes, and laftiy cruel death : 
A kingdom they portend thee ; but what kingdom, 
Real or allegoric I difcern not, 
Nor when, eternal fure, as without end, 
Without beginning ; for no date prefix'd 
Directs me in the ftarry rubric fet. 

So fay'ing he took (for ftill he knew his power 
Not yet expir'd) and to the wildernefs 
Brought back the Son of God, and left him there, 
Feigning to difappear. Darknefs now rofe, 
As day-light funk, and brought in louring Night 
Her fhadowy offspring, unfubftantial both, 
Privation mere of light and abfent day. 
Our Saviour meek, and with untroubled mind, 
After his airy jaunt, though hurried fore, 
Hungry and cold, betook him to his reft, 
Wherever, under fome concourfe of {hades, 
Whofe branching arms thick intertwin'd might 

From dews and damps of night his fheher'd head ; 
But fhelter'd flept in vain, for at his head 
The Tempter watch'd, and foon with ugly dream* 
Diflurb'd his fleep ; and either tropic now , 
'Gan thunder, and both ends of Heav'n, the clouds 
From many a horrid rift abortive pour'd 
Fierce rain with lightning mix'd, water with fire 
In ruin reconcil'd : nor flept the winds 
Within their ftony caves, but rufh'd abroad 
From the four hinges of the world, and fell 
On the vex'd wildernefs, whofe tailed pines, 
Though rooted deep as high, and fturdieft oaks, 
Bow'd their ftiff necks, loaden with ftormy blaits ; 
Or torn up fheer : ill waft thou fhrouded then, 
O patient Son of God, yet only ftood'ft \ 
Unlhaken ; nor yet ftay'd the terror there, 
Infernal ghofts, and hellifh furies, round 
Environ'd thee, fome howl'd, fome yell'd, fome 


Some ber.t at thee their fiery darts, while thou 
J-atir, un appall *d in calm and finlefs peace. 
Thus pais'd the night fo foul, till morning fair 
Came forth with pilgrim fteps in amice gray, 
Who with her radiant finger ftill'd the roar 
Of thunder, chas'd the clouds, and laid the winds 
And griitly fpectres, which the Fiend had rai&'d 
To tempt the Son of God with terrors dire. 
And now the fun with more effectual beams 
Had cheer'd the face of earth, and diy'd the wtf. 
From drooping plant, or dropping tree ; the birds, 
Who all things now behold more frefh and green, 
After a night of ftorm fo ruinous, 
Clear'd up their choiceft notes in bulb, and fpray 
To gratulate the fweet return of morn ; 
Nor yet amidft this joy and brighteft morn 
Was abftnt, after all his milchief done, 
The Prince of Darknefs, glad would alfo feem 4 
Of this fair change, and to our Saviour came ; 
Yet with no new device ; they all were fpent : 
Rather by this his laft affront refclv'd, 
Defp'rate of better courfe, to vent his rage 
And mud defpite, to be fo oft repell'd. 
Him walking n a funny hill he found, 
Back'd on the north and weft by a thick wood ; 
Out of the wood he ftarts, in wonted fhape, 
And in a carelefs mood thus to him faid : 

Fuir morning yet betides thee, Son of God, 
After a difmal night; I heard the wrack 
As earth and fky would mingle ; but myfelf 
Was diftant : and thefe flaws, though mortals fear 


As dang'rous to the pillar'd frame ,of Heav'n, 
Or to the Earth's dark bafis underneath, 
Are to the main as inconiiderable 
And harmlefs, if not whokfome, as a fneeze 
To man's lefs univerfe, and foon are gone ; 
Yet as being oft times noxious where they light 
On man, btaft, p.lant) wafteful and turbulent, 
.Like turbulencies in th' affairs of men, 
Over whofe heads they roar, and feem to point, 
They oft for.e-fignify and threaten ill : 
This tcmpeft at this defert mpjl was bent ; 
Of men at thee, for only thou here dweli'ft. 
Did I not teli tbee, if thou didft rejedt 
The pcrfcjft foafpn, offer'd with my ai<i 



To win thy deftin'd feat, but wilt prolong 

All to the pufti of Fate, purfue thy way 

Of gaining David's throne no man knows when ; 

For both the when and how is no where told ; 

Thou {halt be what thou art ordain'd, no doubt ; 

For angels have proclaim'd it, but concealing 

The time and means : each act is rightlieft done, 

Not when it muft, but when it may be beft. 

If thou obferve not this, be fure to find 

What I foretold thee, many a hard afl'ay 

Of dangers, and adverfities, and pains, 

E'er thou of Ifrael s fceptre get faft hold ; 

"Whereof this ominous night that clos'dthee round, 

So m:my terrors, voices, prodigies, 

May warn thee, as a fure foregoing fign. 

.So talk'd he, while the Son of God went on 
And ftay'd not, but in brief him anfwer'd thus. 

Me worfe than wet thou find'ft not; other 


Thofe terrors which thou fpeak'ft of did me none; 
I never fear'd they could, tho' noifing loud 
And threat'ning nigh ; what they can do as Cgns 
Betokening, or ill-boding, I contemn 
As falfe portents, not fent from God, but thee ; 
Who knowing I fhall reign paft thy preventing, 
Obtrud'ft thy offer'd aid, that I accepting 
At leaft might feem to hold all power of thee 
Ambitious fp'rit, and wouldft be thought my God, 
And ftorm'ft refus'd, thinking to terrify 
Me to thy will ; defift, thou art difcern'd, 
And toil' ft in vain, nor me in vain moleft. 

To whom the Fiend now fwol'n with rage re- 

ply'd : 

Theji hear, O Son of David, Virgin-born ; 
For Son of God to me is yet in doubt : 
Of the Mefliah I have heard foretold 
By all the Prophets ; of thy birth at length 
Announc'd by Gabriel with the firft I knew, 
And of th 1 angelic fong in Bethlehem field, 
On thy birth-night, that fung the Saviour born. 
From that time feldom have I ceas'd to eye 
Thy infancy, thy childhood, and thy youth, 
Thy manhood laft, though yet in private bred ; 
Till at the ford of Jordan whither all 
Flock to the Baptift, I among the reft, 
Though not to be baptiz'd, by voice from Heav'n 
Heard thee pronounc'd the Son of God belov'd. 
Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view 
And narrower fcrutiny, that I might learn 
In what degree or meaning thou art calPd 
The Son of God, which bears no fingle fenfe ; 
The Son of God, I alfo am, or was ; 
And if I was, I am ; relation ftands ; 
All men are fons of God ; yet thee I thought 
In fome refpect far higher fo declar'd : 
Therefore I watch'd thy footfteps from that hour, 
And follow 'd thee ftill on to this wafte wild ; 
Where by all beft conjectures I colled 
Thou art to be iny fatal enemy. 
Good reafon then, if I before-hand feek 
To underftand ray adverfary, who 
And what he is ; his wifdom, power, intent ; 
By parl, or compofition, truce or league 
To win him, or win from him what I can. 
And opportunity I here have had 

To try thee, fift thee, and confefs have found dice 

Proof againft all temptation, as a rock 

Of adamant, and as a centre, firm, 

To th' utmoft of mere man both wife and good, 

Not more ; for honours, riches, kingdoms, glory, 

Have been before contemn'd, and may again : 

Therefore to know what more thou art than man. 

Worth naming Son of God by voice from Heav'n, 

Another method I muft now begin. 

So faying he caught him up, and without wing 

Of hippogrif bore through the air fublime 

Over the wildernefs and o'er the plain ; 

Till underneath them fair Jerufalem, 

The holy city lifted high her towers, 

And higher yet the glorious temple rear'd 

Her pile, far off appearing like a mount 

Of alabafter, topt with golden fpires i 

There on the higheft pinnacle he fet 

The Son of God, and added thus in {corn. 

There ftand, if thou wilt ftand ; to ftand upright 
Will afk thee {kill ; I to thy Father's houfe 
Have brought thee, and higheft plac'd, higheft is 
Now fhew thy progeny ; if not to ftand, [beft, 
Caft thyfelf down ; fafely, if Son of God : 
For it is written, He will give command 
Concerning thee to his angels; in their hands 
They fhall uplift thee, left at any time 
Thou chance to dafh thy foot againft a ftone. 

To whom thus Jefus : Alfo it is written, 
Tempt not thy Lord thy God : he faid and ftood ? 
But Satan fmitten with amazement fell. 
As when Earth's fon Antaeus (to compare 
Small things with greateft) in IrafTa ftrove 
With Jove's Alcides, and oft foil'd, ftill rofe, 
Receiving from his mother Earth new ftrength, 
Frefh from his fall, and fiercer grapple join'd, 
Throttled at length in th* air, expired and fell ; 
jSo, after many a foil, the Tempter proud, 
Renewing frefh affaults, amidft his pride 
Fell whence he flood to fee his Victor fall. 
And as that Theban monfter that propos'd 
Her riddle, and him who folv'd it not devour'd. 
That once found out and folv'd, for grief and fj>i 
Caft herfelf headlong from th' Ifmenian fteep ; 
So ftruck with dread and anguifh fell the Fiend r 
And to his crew, that fat confulting, brought 
Joylefs triumphals of his hop'd fuccefs, 
K uin and dtiperation, and difmay, 
Who durft fo proudly tempt the Son of God. 
So Satan fell ; and ftrait a fiery globe 
Of angels on full fail of wing flew nigh, 
Who on their plumy vans receiv'd him foft 
From his uneafy ftation, and up bore 
As on a floting couch through the blithe air, 
Then in a flow'ry valley fet him down 
On a green bank, and fet before him fpread 
A table of celeftial food, divine, 
Ambrofial fruits, fetch'd from the tree of life, 
And from the fount of life ambrofial drink, 
That foon refrefh'd him wearied, and repair'd 
What hunger, if ought hunger had impair'd, 
Or thirft ; and as he fed, angelic quires 
Sung heav'nly anthems of his victory 
Over temptation, and the Tempter proud. 

True image of the Father, whether thron'd 



In the bofotrt of blifs, and light of light 

Conceiving, or remote from Heav'n, infhrin'd 

In flefhly tabernacle, and human form, 

Wand'ring the wildernefs, whatever place, 

Habit, or ftate, or motion, ftill exprefling 

The Son of God, with God-like force indued 

Againft th' attempter of thy Father's throne, 

And thief of Paradife ; him long of old 

Thou didft debel, and down from Heav'n caft 

With all his army, now thou haft aveng'd 

Supplanted Adam, and by vanquifliing 

Temptation, haft regain'd loft Paradife, 

And fruftrated the conqueft fraudulent ; 

He never more henceforth will dare fet foot 

In Paradife to tempt ; his fnares are broke : 

For though that feat of earthly blifs be fail'd, 

A fairer Paradife is founded now 

For Adam and his chofen fons, whom thou 

A Saviour art come down to re-inftal 

Where they {hall dwell fecure,when time fhallbe, 

Of tempter and temptation without fear. 

But thou, infernal Serpent, fhalt net long 

Rule in the clouds ; like an autumnal ftar 

Or lighting thou {halt fall from Heav'n, trod 


Under his feet : for proof, e'er this thou feel'ft 
Thy wound, yet not thy laft and deadlieft wound, 
By this repulfc receiv'd, and hold'ft in Hell 
No triumph ; in all her gates Abaddon rues 
Thy bold attempt ; hereafter learn with awe 
To dread the Son of God : he all unarm'd 
Shall chace thee with the terror of his voice 
From thy demoniac holds, poffeffion foul, 
Thee and thy legions ; yelling they {hall fly, 
And beg to hide them in a herd of fwine, 
Left he command them down into the Deep 
Bound, and to torment fent before that time. 
Hail Son of the Moft High, heir of both worlds, 
Queller of Satan, on thy glorious work 
Now enter, and begin to fave mankind. 

Thus they the Son of God our Saviour meek 
Sung Victor, and from heav'nly feaft refrefh'd 
Brought on his way with joy ; he unobferv'd 
Home to his mother's houfe private return'd. 



JAriftot. Poet, cap. 6. 

Tfagoedia eft imltatio a&ionis feriae, etc. pet^ mifericordiam et metum perficient talium 
affe&uum luftrationem. 


1 RAO ED Y, as it was anciently composed, batb been ever held the gravelly moralejl, and mofl profitable of all 
ittber poems : therefore faid by Arljlotle to Be of power, by rat/ing pity and fear , or terror, to purge the mind of 
thofe and fuel) like paffions, that is, Lo temper and reduce them to jitft meafure, with a kind of delight t Jlirred up 
by reading or feeing thofe paffions ivell-imitated. Nor is Nature wanting in atr own effeSls to make good bis 
ajjertion : forfo in phyfic things of melancholic hue and quality art ufed againjl melancholy , four againji four, fait 
to remove fait humours. Hence philofophers, and other gravtfi "writers, as Cicero, Plutarch, and others, fre 
quently cite out of tragic poets, both to adorn and illujlrate their difcourfc. The Apojlle Paul himfelf thought it 
not unworthy to infer t a verfe of Euripides into the text of Huly Scripture, I Cor. XV. 33.; and Par<eus t 
commenting on the Revelation, divides the whole book as a tragedy, into acJs diftingui/bed each by a chorus of hea 
venly harpings, andfong between. Heretofore men in highejl dignity have laboured not a little to be thought able 
to eompofe a tragedy. Of that honour Dionyfius the Elder was no lefs ambitious than before of his attaining to the 
tyranny. Auffuftus Cafar alfo bad bsgun bis Ajax ; but, unable to pleafe his own judgment 'with what he had 
lepun, left it unfinifced. Seneca, the philofopher, is by fame thought the author of thofe tragedies, at leajl the 
bell of them, that go under that name. Gregory Nazianzen, a Father of the Church, thought it not unbefeem- 
ing the fanc~lity of his perfon to write a tragedy, which is intitled Chrijl fujfsring. This is mentioned to vindi 
cate tragedy from the f snail ejleem, or rather infamy, which in the account of many it undergoes at this day with 
other common interludes ; happening through the poets' error of intermixing comic fluff ivith tragic fadnefs and gra 
vity ; or introducing trivial and vulgar psrfons, which by all judicious, hath beeu counted abfurd, and brought in. 
without difcrttion, corruptly to gratify the people, And though ancient tragedy tife no prologue, yet ujtng fame- 
times, in cafe of f elf -defence ot explanation, that which Ibfartial calls an epiflle ,- in behalf of this tragedy com 
ing ff-rtb after the ancient manner, much different from what among us pajjes for bejl, thus much before-hand 
may be epijlled ; that chorus is here introduced after the Greek manner, not ancient only but modern, and Jl ill in 
vfe among the Italians. IH the modelling, tl-:refore, of this poem, with good reafon, the ancients and Italians 
are rather followed, as of much more authority and fame. The meafure of verfe ufed in the chorus is of all 
forts, called by the Greeks Monographic , or rather Apolelymenon, "without regard had to Strophe, Antifirophe, or 
Epod, which were a kind of Jlanzas framed only for the muftc, then ufed "with the chorus that fung ; not ejjen- 
tial to the poem, and therefore not material ; or being divided into Jlanzas or paufes, they may be called Allteojlra- 
pha. Divifion into aft and fcene, referring chiejly to the Jl age (to which this Work never was intended j is here 

Itfujjices if the whole drama be found not produced beyond the fifth aft. Ofthejlile and uniformity, and that 
commonly called the plot, "whether intricate or expiicit, which is nothing indeed but fuch economy or difpojition of 
the fable as may jland bejl with verftmilitude and decorum ; they only will bejl judge, who are not unacquainted 
with JF.fohylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the three tragic poets unequalled yet by any, and the bejl rule to all 
who endeavour to write tragedy. The circumfcription of time, -wherein the whole drama begins and ends } is ac~ 
Girding to amient rule t and bef. example ^ lultbln the fpace of twenty-four bours. 



MANOAH, the Father of Samfon. 

DALILA, his Wife. 

HARAPHA of Gath. 

Public Officer. 


Chorus of Danites. 

We SCENE before the Prifon in Gaza. 


^Fhe Argument. 

Samfon made captive, blind, and now in the prifon at Gaza, there to labour as in a common workhoufe 
on a feftival day, in the general ceffation from labour, comes forth into the open air, to a place nigh, 
fomewhat retir'd, there to fit a while and bemoan his condition : Where he happens at length to be 
vifited by certain friends and equals of his Tribe, which make the Chorus, who feek to comfort him, 
what they can ; then by his old father Manoah, who endeavours the like, and withal tells him his 
purpofe to procure his liberty by ranfom ; laftly, that this feaft was proclaim'd by the Philiftines as 
a day of thankfgiving for their deliverance from the hands of Samfon, which yet more troubles him. 
Manoah then departs to profecute his endeavour with the Philiftine lords for Samfon's redemption ; 
who in the mean while is vifited by other perfons ; and laftly by a public officer to require his com 
ing to the feaft before the lords and people, to play or fhew his ftrength in their prefence ; he at firft 
refufes, difmifling the public officer with abfolute denial to come ; at length perfuaded inwardly that 
this was from God, he yields to go along with him, who came now the fecond time with great 
threatnings to fetch him : the Chbrus yet remaining on the place, Manoah returns full of joyful 
hope, to procure e'er long his fon's deliverance, in the midft of which difcourfe an Hebrew comes 
in hafte, confufedly at firft, and afterwards more diftin&ly relating the cataftrophe, what'Samfon had 
done to the Philiftines, and by accident to himfclf ; wherewith the tragedy ends. 


A LITTLE onward lend thy guiding hand 
To thefe dark fteps, a little further on ; 
For yonder bank hath choice of fun or fhade : 
There I am wont to fit, when any chance 
Relieves me from my tafk of fervile toil, 
Daily in the common prifon elfe injoin'd me, 
Where I a prifoner chain'd, fcarce freely draw 
The air imprifon'd alfo, cloie and damp, 
Unwholefome draught : but here I feel amends, 
The breath of Heav'n frefli blowing, pure and 


With day-fpring born ; here leave me to refpire. 
This day a folemn feaft the people hold 
To Dagon their fea-idol, and forbid 
Laborious works; unwillingly this reft 
Their fuperftition yields me ; hence with leave 
Retiring from the popular noife, I feek 
This unfrequented place to find fome cafe, 
Eafe to the body fome, none to the mind 
From reftlefs thoughts, that like a deadly fwarm 
Of hornets arm'd, no fooner found alone, 
But rufti upon me thronging, and prefent 
Times paft, what once I was, and what am now. 
O wherefore was my birth from Heav'n foretold 

Twice by an angel, who at laft in fight 

Of both my parents all in flames afcended 

From off the altar, where an offering burn'd, 

As in a fiery column charioting 

His god-like prefence, and from fome great a& 

Or benefit 'reveal'd to Abraham's race ? 

Why was my breeding order'd and prefcrib'd 

As of a perfon feparate to God, 

Pefign'd for great exploits ; if I muft die 

&etray'd,captiv'd, and both my eyes put out, 

MXde of my enemies the fcorn and gaze ; 

To grind in brazen fetters under talk 

With this Heav'n-gifted ftrength? O glorious 

Put to the labour 6f a beaft, debas'd 

Lower than bond-flave ! Promife was that I 

Should Ifrael from Philiftian yoke deliver ; 

Afk for this great deliverer now, and find him 

Eyelefs in Gaza at the mill with flaves, 

Himfelf in bonds under Philiftian yoke : 

Yet ftay, let me not rafhly call in doubt 

Divine prediction ; what if all foretold 

Had been fulfill'd but through mine own default, 

Whom have I to complain of but myfelf ? 

Who this high gift of ftrength committed to me, 



In what part lodg'd, how cafily bereft me, 

Under the feal of filence could not keep, 

But weakly to a woman muft reveal it, 

O'ercome with importunity and tears, 

O impotence of mind, in body ftrong ! 

But what is ftrength. without a double fhare 

Of wifdom, vaft, unwieldy, burdenfome, 

Proudly fecure, yet liable to fall 

By weakeft fubtleties, not made to rule, 

But to fubferve where wifdom bears command ! 

God, when he gave me ftrength, to {hew withal 

How flight the gift was, hung it in my hair. 

But peace ; I mull not quarrel with the will 

Of higheft difpenfation, which herein 

Haply had ends above my reach to know : 

Suffices that to me ftrength is my bane, 

And proves the fource of all my miferies ; 

So many and fo huge, that each apart 

Would alt a life to wail, but chief of all, 

O lofs of fight, of thee I moil complain ! 

Blind among enemies, O worfe than chains, 

Dungeon, or beggary, or decrepit age ! 

Light the prime work of God to me is extinct, 

And all her various objects of delight 

Annull'd, which might in part my grief have eas'd, 

Inferior to the vileft now become 

Of man or worm : the vileft here excel me ; 

They creep, yet fee ; I dark in light expos'd 

To daily fraud, contempt, abufe, And wrong, 

Within doors, or without, ftill as a fool, 

In power of others, never in my own ; 

Scarce half I feem to live, dead more than half. 

O dark, dark, dark, amid the blaze of noon, 

Irrecoverably dark, total eclipfe 

Without all hope of day ! 

O firft created beam, and thou great word, 

Let there be light, and light was over all ; 

Why am I thus bereav'd thy prime decree ? 

The fun to me is dark 

And filent as the moon, 

When ihe deferts the night 

Hid in her vacant interlunar cave. 

Since light fo neceflary is to life, 

And almoft life itfelf, if it be true 

That light is in the foul, 

She all in every part ; why was the fight 

To fuch a tender ball as th' eye confin'd, 

So obvious and fo eafy to be quench'd ? 

And not as feeling through all parts diffus'd. 

That ihe might look at will through every pore ? 

Then had 1 not been thus exil'd from light, 

As in the land of darknefs yet in light, 

To live a life dalf dead, a living death, 

And bury'd : but O yet more miferable ! 

JVIyfeif my fepulchre, a moving grave, 

Bury'd, yet not exempt 

By privilege of death and burial 

From worft of other evils, pains and' wrongs, 

But made hereby obnoxious more 

To all the miferies of life, 

Life in captivity 

Among inhuman foes. 

But who are thefe ? for with joint pace I heat 

The tread of many feet fleering this way ; 

Perhaps my enemies, who come to ftare 

At my affliction, and perhaps to infult, 
Their daily practice, to afflict me more. 

CHOR. This, this is he ; ibftly a while, 
Let us not break in upon him ; 
O change beyond report, thought or belief? 
See how he lies at random, carelefsly diffus'd, 
With languifh'd head unpropt, 
As one pall hope, abandon'd, 
And by himfelf given over ; 
In flavifh habit, ill fitted weeds 
O'er-worn and foil'd ; 

Or do my eyes mifreprefent ? Can this be he, 
That heroic, that renown'd, 
Irrefiftible Samfon ; whom unarm'd 
No ftrength of man, or fierceft wild beaft could 

withftand ; 

Who tore the lion, as the lion tears the kid, 
Ran on imbattl'd armies clad in iron, 
And weaponlefs himfelf, 
Made arms ridiculous, ufelefs the forgery 
Of brazen fhield and fpear, the hammer'd cuirafs, 
Chalybean temper'd fteel, and frock of mail 
Adamantean proof ; 
But fafeft he who flood aloof, 
When infupportably his foot advanc'd, 
In fcorn of their proud arms and warlike tools, 
Spurn'd them to death by troops. The bold Af- 


Tied from his lion ramp, old warriors turn'd 
Their plated backs under his heel ; 
Or grov'ling foil'd their crefled helmets in the duft. 
Then with what trival weapon came to hand, 
The jaw of a dead afs, his fword of bone, 
A thoufand fore-flcins fell, the flower of Palaftine, 
In Ramah-lechi famous to this day. 
Then by main force pull'd up, and on his fhoul- 

ders bore 

The gates of Azza, pofl, and mafiy bar, 
Up to the hill by Hebron, feat of giants old, 
No journey of a fabbath-day, and loaded fo ; 
Like whom the Gentiles feign to bear up Heav'u, 
Which fliall I firft bewail, 
Thy bondage or loft fight, 
Prifon within prifon 
Infeparably dark ? 

Thou art become (O worft imprifonment !) 
The dungeon of thyfelf ; thy foul 
(Which men enjoying fight oft without catife 
Imprifon'd now indeed, [complain) 

In real darknefs of the body dwells, 
Shut up from outward light 
To incoporate with gloomy night ; 
For inward light, alas ! 
Puts forth no vifual beam. 
O mirror of our fickle flate, 
Since man on earth unparallel'd ! 
The rarer thy example ftands. 
By how much from the top of wondrous glory, 
Strongeft of mortal men, 

To loweft pitch of abject fortune thou art fall'n 
For him I reckon not in high eftate 
Whom long defcent of birth 
Or the fphere of fortune raifes ; 
But thee whofe ftrength, while virtue washer mate, 
Might have fubdued the earth) 


tMverfally crown' d with liigheft praifes. 

SAM. I hear the found of words, their fenfe the 
Diflblves unjointed e'er it reach my ear. . [air 

CHOR. He fpeaks; let us draw nigh. Matchiefs 

in might, 

The glory late of Ifrael, now the grief; . , , 
We come thy friends and neighbours not unknown 
From Efhtaol and Zora's fruitful vale, 
To vifit or bewail thee, or if better, 
Counfel or confolation we may bring, 
Salve to thy fores ; apt Words have power to fwage 
The tumors of a troubled mind, 
And are as balm to fefter'd wounds. 

SAM. Your coming, friends, revives me ; for I 
Now of my own experience, not by talk, [learn 
How counterfeit a coin they are who friends 
Bear in their fuperfcription, (of the mod 
I would be underftood) in profp'rous days 
They fwarm, but in adverfe withdraw their head, 
Not to be found, though fought. Ye fee, O 


How many evils have inclos'd me round ; 
Yet that which was the worft now leaft afflicts me, 
Blindnefs, for had 1 fight, confus'd with fhame, 
How could I once look up, or heave the head, 
Who like u foolifh pilot have fliipwreck'd 
My veffel trufted to me from above, 
Glorioufly rigg'd ; and for a word, a tear, 
Fool, have divulg'd the fecret gift of God 
To a deceitful woman ? tell me, friends, 
Am I not fung and proverb' d for a fool 
In every ftreet ? do they not fay how well 
Are come upon him his deferts ? yet why ? 
Immeafurable ftrength they might behold 
In me, of wifdom nothing more than mean ; 
This with the other fhould, at leaft have pair'd, 
Thefe two proportion'd ill drove me trarifverfe. 

CHOR. Tax not divine difpofal ; wife ft men 
Have err'd, and by bad women been deceiv'd ; 
And fhall again, pretend they ne'er fo wife. 
Deject not then fo overmuch thyfelf, 
Who haft of forrow thy full load befides ; 
Yet truth to fay, I oft have heard men wonder 
Why thou fhould'ft wed Philiftian women rather 
Than of thine own tribe fairer, or as fair, 
At leaft of thy own nation, and as noble. 

SAM. The firft I faw at Timna,and {he pleas'd 
Me, not my parents, that I fought to wed 
The daughter of an infidel : they knew not 
That what I motion'd was of God ; I kncv/ 
From intimate impulfe, and therefore urg'd 
The marriage on : that by occafion hence 
I might begin Ifrael's deliverance, 
The work to which I was divinely call'd. 
She proving falfe, the next I took to wife 
(O that I never had ! fond wifh too late) 
Was in the vale of Sorec, Dalila, 
That fpecious monfter, my accomplifh'd fnare. 
I thought it lawful from my former act, 
And the fame end ; ftill watching to opprefs 
Ifrael's oppreffors : of what now I fuffer 
She was not the prime caufe, but I myfelf, 
Who, vanquifli'd with a peal of words, (O weak- 
Gave up my fort of filence to a woman. [nefs !) 

CHOR, In feeking juft occafion to provoke 

| The Philiftine, thy country's enemy, 
i Thou never waft remifs, I bear thee wituefs : 
1 Yet Ifrael ftill ferves with all his fons. 
j SAM. That fault I take not on me, but transfer 
! On Ifrael's governors, and heads of tribes, 
Who feeing thofe great acts, which God had done 
Singly by me againft their conquerors, 
Acknowledg'd not, or not at all confider'd 
Deliverance offer'd ; I on the other fide 
Us'd no ambition to commend my deeds ; 
The deeds themfelves, though mute, fpoke loud 

the doer; 

But they perfifted deaf, and would not feem 
! To count them things worth notice, till at length 
I Their lords , the Philiftines, with gather'd powers 
Enter'd Judea feeking me, who then 
Safe to the rock of Etham was retir'd, 
Not flying, but fore-cafting in what place 
To fet upon them, what advantag'd beft : 
Mean while the men of Judah, to prevent, 
The harrafs of their land, befet me round ; 
I willingly on forrre conditions came 
Into their hands, and they as gladly yield me 
To the uncircumcis'd a welcome prey, 
Bound with two cords; but cords to me were threads 
Touch'd with the flame : on their whole hoft I flew 
Unarm'd, and with a trival weapon felFd 
Their choiceft youth ; they only liv'd who fled. 
Had Judah that day join'd, or one whole tribe, 
They hud by this poflefs'd the towers of Gath, 
And lorded over them whom they now ferve : 
But what more oft in nations grown corrupt, 
And by their vices brought to fervitude, 
Than to love bondage more than liberty, 
Bondage with eafe than ftrenuous liberty ; 
And to riefpife, or envy, or iufpect 
Whom God hath of his fpecial favour rais'd 
As their deliverer ; if he ought begin, 
How frequent to defert him, and at laft 
To heap ingratitude on worthieft deeds ? 

CiiOR. Thy words to my remembrance bring 
How Siaccoth and the fort of Penuel 
Their great deliverer contemn'd, 
The matchlcfs Gideon in purfuit 
Of Madian and her vanqutfh'd kings : 
And how ungrateful Ephraim 
Had dealt with Jephtha, who by argument, 
Not worfe than by his fliield and fpear, 
Defended Ifrael from the Ammonite, 
Had not his prowefs quell'd their pride 
In that fore battle, when fo many dy'd 
Without reprieve jidjudg'd to death, ,. / 
For want of well pronouncing Shibboleth. 

SAM. Of fuch examples add me to the rolli 
Me eafily indeed mine may neglect, 
But God's propos'd deliverance not fo. 

CHOR. Juft are the ways of God, 
And juflifiable to men ; 
Unlefs there be who think not God at all ; 
If any be, they walk obfcure ; 
For of fuch doctrine never was there fchool, 
But the heart of the fool, 
And no man therein doctor but himfelf. 

Yet more there be who doubt his ways not jttftj 
As to his own edict? found contradiding, 


Then give the reins to wand'ring thought, 

Regardlefs of his glory's diminution ; 

Till, by their own perplexities involv'd , 

They ravel more, ftill lefs refolv'd, 

But never find felf-fatisfying folution. 

As if they would confine th* Interminable, 

And tie him to his own prcfcript, 

Who made our laws to bind us, not himfelf, 

And hath full right t 1 exempt 

Whom fo it pleafeshim by choice 

From national obftriction, without taint 

Of fin, or legal debt; 

For with his own laws he can heft difpenfe. 
He would not elfe who never wanted means, 

Nor inrefpedl of th' enemy juft caufe 

To fet his people free, 

Have prompted this heroic Nazarite, 

Againft his vow of ftricteft purity, 

To feek in marriage that fallacious bride, 

Unclean, urichafte. 

Down reafon then, at leaftvainreafonings down, 

Tho' reafon here aver 

That moral verdict quits her of unclean ; 

Unchafte was fubfequent,- her ftain, not his. 

But fee here conies thy reverend fire 
"With careful ftep, locks white as down, 

Old Manoah : advife 

Forthwith how thou ought 'ft to receive him. 
SAM. Ay me, another inward grief, awak r d 

With mention of that name, renews th' affault. 
MAN. Brethren, and men of Dan ; for fuch ye 


Tho' in this uncouth place ; if old refpecl, 
As I fuppofe, tow'rds your once glory 'd fn'end, 
My fon now captive, hither hath inform'd 
Your younger feet, while mine, caft back with age, 
Came lagging after ; fay if he be here ? 

CHOR. As fignal now in low dejected flate, 
As erft in high'ft, behold him where he lies. 

MAN. O miferable change! is this the man, 
That invincible Samfon, far renown'd, 
The dread of Ifrael's foes, who with a flrqngth 
-Equivalent to Angels, walk'd their ftreets, 
None offering fight ; who fingle combatant 
Duel'd their armies, rank'd in proud array, 
Himfelf an army, now unequal match 
To fave himfelf againft a coward arm'd 
At one' fpear's length. O ever-falling truft 
In mortal ftrength ! and oh what not in man 
Deceivable and vain ? Nay what thing good 
Pray'd for, but often proves our woe, our bane ? 
I pray'd for children, and thought barrennefs 
In wedlock a reproach ; I gain'd a fon, 
And fuch a fon as all men hail'd me happy ; 
Who would be now a father in my ftead ? 
O wherefore did God grant me my requeft, 
And as a blefling with fuch pomp adorn'd ? 
Why are his gifts defirable, to tempt 
Our earneft pray'rs, then giv'n with folemn hand 
As graces, draw a fcorpion's tail behind ? 
For this did th' Angel twice defcend ? for this 
Ordain'd thy nurture holy, as of a plant 
Select, and facred, glorious for a while, 
The miracle of men ; then in an hour 
Infnar'd, affaulted, overcome, led bound^ 

Thy foes' derifion, captive, poor, and bKocf, 
Into a dungeon thruft, to work with flaves? 
Alas, mcthinks, whom God hath chofen once 
To worthieft deeds, if he through frailty err 
He fhould not fo o'erwhelm, and as a thrall 
Subject him to fo foul indignities, 
Be' it but for honour's fake of former deed--. 

SAM. Appoint not heav'nly difpofition, father; 
Nothing of all thefe evils hath befall'n me 
But juftly; I myfelf have brought them on, 
Sole author I, fole caufe : if ought feems vile, 
As vile hath been my folly, who' have profan'd 
The myftery of God giv'n me under pledge 
Of vow, and have betray'd it to a woman, 
A Canaanite, my faithlefs enemy. 
This well I knew ; nor was at all furpris'd, 
But warn'd by oft experience : did not fhe 
Of Timna firft betray me. and reveal 
The fecret wreftcd from me in her height 
Of nuptial love profefs'd, carrying it ftrait 
To them who had corrupted her, my fpies, 
And rivals ? In this other was there found 
More faith, who alfo in her prime of love, 
Spoufal embraces, vitiated with gold, 
Tho' offer'd only, by the fcent conceiv'd 
Her fpurious firft-born, treafon againft me ? 
Thrice fhe affay'd me with flattering pray'rs an<$ 


And amorous reproaches, to win from me 
My capital fecret, in what part my ftrength 
Lay ftci'd, in what part fumm'd, that fhe might 

know ; 

Thrice I deluded her, and turn'd to fport 
Her importunity, each time perceiving 
How openly, and with what impudence 
She purpos'd to betray me, and (which was worfe 
Than undiffembled hate) with what contempt 
She fought to make me traitor to myfelf ; 
Yet the fourth time, when muft'ring all her wiles^ 
With blandifh'd parlies, feminine affaults, 
Tongue-batteries, fhe furceas'd not day nor night 
To florin rue overwatch'd and weary 'd out, 
At times when men feek moft repofe and reft, 
I yielded, and unlock'd her all my heart, 
Who with a grain of manhood well refolv'd 
Might eaiily have fhook of all her fnares; 
But foul effeminacy held me yok'd 
Her bond-Have ; O indignity, O blot 
To honour and religion ! fervile mind 
Rewarded well with fervile ptmifhment ! 
The bafe degree to which I now am fall'n. 
Thefe rags, this grinding is not yet fo bafe 
As was my former fervitude, ignoble, 
Unmanly, ignominious, infamous, 
True flavery, and that blindnefs worfe than this. 
That faw not how degenerately I ferv'd. 

MAN. I cannot praife thy marriage choices j 


Rather approv'd them not ; but thou didft plead 
Divine impulfion prompting how thou mi'ght'ft 
Find fome occafion to' infeft our foes. 
[ ftate not that ; this I am fure, our foes 
Found foon occafion thereby to make^thee 
Their captive and their triumph ; thou the (bone? 
Temptation found'ft, or over potent charms 


To violate the fecret truft of filence 
Depofited within thee ; which to have kept 
Tacit was in thy power : true ; and thou bear'ft 
Enough, and more, the burden of that fault ; 
Bitterly haft thou paid, and ftill art paying 
That rigid fcore. A worle thing yet remains ; 
This day the Philiftines a popular feaft 
Here celebrate in Gaza ; and proclaim 
Great pomp, and facrifice, and praifes loud 
To Dagon, as their God, who hath deliver'd 
Thee, Samfon, bound and blind into their hand?, 
Them out of thine, who flew'ft them many a 


So Dagon (hall be magnify'd, and God, 
Befides whom is no God, compar'd with idols, 
Difglorify'd, blafphem'd, and had hi fcorn 
By the idolatrous rout amidft their vAne ; 
Which to have come to pafs by means of thee, 
Samfon, of all thy fufferings think the heavieft, 
Of all reproach the moft with Ihame that ever 
Could have bcfall'n thee and thy father's houfe. 

SAM. Father, I to acknowledge and confefs 
That I this honour, I this pomp have brought 
To Dagon, and advanc'd his praifes high 
Among the Heathen round ; to God have brought 
Difhonour, obliquy, and op'd the mouths 
Of idolifts, and atheifts ; have brought fcandal 
To Ifrael, diffidence of God, and doubt 
In feeble hearts, propenfe enough before 
To waver, or fall off, and join with idols ; 
Which is my chief affliction, fhame and forrow, 
The anguifh of my foul, that fuffers not 
Mine eyes to harbour fleep, or thoughts to reft 
This only hope relieves me, that the ftrife 
With me hath end ; all the conteft is now 
"Fwixt God and Dagon ; Dagon hath prefum'd, 
Me overthrown, to enter lifts with God, 
His deity comparing and preferring 
Before the God of Abraham. He, be fure, 
Will not connive or linger, thus provok'd, 
But will arife, and his great name aflert : 
Dagon muft ftoop, and fhall e'er long receive 
Such a difcomfit as fhall quite defpoil him 
Of all thefe boafted trophies won on me, 
And with confufion blank his worfhippers. 

MAN. With caufe this hope relieves thee, and 

thefe words 

I as a prophecy receive ; for God, 
Nothing more certain, will not long defer 
To vindicate the glory of his name 
Againft all competition ; nor will long , 
JEndure it doubtful whether God be Lord, 
Or Dagon. But for thee what fhall be done ? 
Thou muft not in the mean while here forgot 
Lie in this miferable loathfome plight, 
Neglected. 1 already have made way 
To fome Philiftian lords, with whom to treat 
About thy ranfom : well they may by this 
Have fatisfy'd their utmoft of revenge 
By pains and flaveries, worfe than death inflicted 
On thee, who now no more canft do them harm, 

SAM. Spare that propofal, Father, fpare the 


Of that felicitation j let me here 
As I deserve, pay on my jaunifhment ; 

And expiate, if pofllble, my crime, 

Shameful garrulity. To. have reveal'd 

Secrets of men, the fecrets of a friend, : 

How heinous had the fact been, how deferving 

Contempt and fcorn of all, to be excluded 

All friendfhip, and avoided as a blab, 

The mark of fool fet on his front ? 

But I God's counfel have not kept, his holy fecret 

Prefumptuoufly have publifh'd impioufly, 

Weakly at leaft, and ihamefully. : a fin 

That Gentiles in their parables condemn 

To their abyfs and horrid pains confin'd. , , ^ 

MAN. Be penitent, and for thy fault contrite, 
But act not in thine own affliction, Son : 
Repent not fin, but if the punifhment . 
Thou canft avoid, felf-prefervation bids ; 
Or th' execution leave to high difpofal, 
And let another hand, not thine, exact 
Thy penal forfeit from thyfelfj perhaps , 
God will relent, and quit thee all his debt ; 
Who ever more approves and more accepts ; 
(Beft pleas'd with humble' and filial fubmiffion) 
Him who imploring mercy fues for life, 
Than who felf-rigorous choofes death as due ~ t 
Which argues over-juft, and felf-difpleas'd, 
For felt-offence, more than for God offended. 
Reject not then what offer'd means ; who knows 
But God hath fet before us, to return thee 
Home to thy country and his facred houfe, 
Where thou may'ft bring thy offerings, to avert 
His further ire, with pray'rs and vows renew'd ? 

SAM. His pardon 1 implore; but as for life, 
To what end fhould 1 feek it ? when in ftreagth 
All mortals I excell'd, and great in hopes 
With youthful courage and magnanimous thoughts 
Of birth from Heav'n foretold and high exploits. 
Full of divine inftinct, after fome proof 
Of acts indeed heroic, far beyond 
The fons of Anak, famous now and blaz'd, 
Fearlefs of danger, like a petty god 
I walk'd .about aclmir'd of all, and dreaded 
On hoftile ground, none daring my affront. 
Then fwoll'n with pride, into the fnare 1 fell 
Of fair fallacious looks, venereal trains, 
Soften'd with pleafure and voluptuous life ; 
At length to lay my head and hallow'd pledge 
Of all my ftrength in the lafcivious lap 
Of a deceitful concubine, who fliore me 
Like a tame weather, all my precious fleece, 
Then turn'd me out ridiculous, defpoil' d, 
Shav'n, and difarm'd among mine enemies. 

CHOR. Defire of wine and all delicious drinks, 
Which many a famous warrior overturns, 
Thou couldft reprefs, nor did the dancing ruby 
Sparkling, out-pour'd, the flavour, or the fmell, 
Or tafte that, cheers the heart of gods and men, 
Allure thee from the cool cryftallin. ftream. 

SAM. Wherever fountain or frefh current flow'*! 
Againft the eaftern ray, tranfiucent, pure 
With touch ethereal of Heav'n's fiery tod 
I drank, from the clear milky juice allaying 
Thirft, and refrelh'd j nor envy'd them the grape 
Whofe heads that turbulent liquor fills with 
fumes. [wines 

CHOR. O madnefs, to think ufe of ftrongeft 



And ftrongeft drinks our chief fupport of health. 
When God with tbefe forbidd'n made choice to 


His mighty champion, ftrong ahove compare, 
Whofe drink was only from the liquid brook. 
SAM. But what avail'd this temperance, not- 

Againft another object more enticing? 
What boots it at one gate to make defence, 
And at another to let in the foe, 
Effeminately vanquifti'd ? by which means, 
Now blind, diftiearten'd, fham'd, difhonour'd, 


To what can I re ufeful, wherein ferve 
My nation and the work from Heav'n impos'd, 
But to fit idle on the houfehold hearth, 
A burd'nous drone ; to vifitants a gaze, 
Orpity'd object, thefe redundant locks 
Robuftious to no purpofe, cluft'ring down, 
Vain monuments of flrength ; till length of- years 
And fedentary numbnefs craze my limbs 
To a contemptible old age obfcure ? 
Here rather let me drxinge and earn my bread, 
Till vermin or the draff of fervile food 
Confume me, and oft invoked death 
Haften the welcome end of all my pains. 

MAN. Wilt thou then ferve the Phihftines with 

that gift 

Which was exprefsly giv'h thee to annoy them ? 
Better at home lie bed-rid, not only idle, 
Inglorious, unemploy'd, with age outworn. 
But God who caus'd a fountain at thy prayer 
From the dry ground to fpring, thy thirft to' al 

After the brunt of battle, can- as eafy 
Caufe light again within thy eyes to Ipring, 
Wherewith to ferve him better than thou haft ; 
And I perfuade me fo ; why elfe this ftrength 
Miraculous yet remaining in thofe locks ? 
Hi 3 might continues in thee not for nought, 
Nor fhall his wond'rous gifts be fruftrate thus. 

SAM. All othcrwife to me my thoughts^ptirtend, 
That thefe dark orbs no more ftiaU treat with 


Nor th' other light of life continue long,. 
But yield to double darknefs, night at hand' ! 
So much I feel my genial fpirits droop, 
My hopes all flat, Nature within me fecms 
In all her functions weary of herfelf, 
My race of glory run, and race of {name, 
And I mall fhortly be with them that reft, 

MAN. Believe not thefe faggeftions, which 


From anguifh of the mind and humours black, 
Fhat mingle with thy fancy. I, however, 
Muft not omit a father's timely care, 
To profecnte the means of thy deliverance 
By ranfome, or how elfe : mean while be calm, 
And healing words from thefe thy friends admit. 

SAM. 6 that Torment mould not be confin'd 
To the body's wounds and fores, 
With maladies innumerable 
In heart, head, breaft, and reins ; 
But muft fecret paflage find 
To th' inmoft mind. 

There exercife all his fierce accident^ 
And oh her pureft fpirits prey, 
As on entrails, joints, and limbs, 
With anfwerabk pains, but more intenfe, 
Though void of corporal fenfe. 

My griefs not only pain me 
As a lingering difeafe, 
But, finding no redrefs, ferment and rage, 
Nor lefs than wounds immedicable 
Rankle, and fefter, and gangrene, 
To black mortification. 

Thoughts my tormentors, armM with deadly flings, 
Mangle my apprehenfive tendered parts, 
Exafperate, exulcerate, and raife 
Dire inflammation, which no cooling herb 
Or medicinal liquor can affuage, 
Nor breath of vernal air from' fnowy Alp. 
Sleep hath forfook and giv'n me o'er 
To death's benumbing opium, as my only cure : 
Thence fuintings, fvvoonings of defpair, 
And fenfe of Heav'n's defertion. 

I was his nurflingonce, and choice delight, 
His deftiu'd from the womb* 
Promis'd by heav'nly mefi'age twice defc ending. 
Under hisfpecial eye 

Abftemious I grew up, and thriv'd amain j 
He led me on to mightieft deeds' 
Above the nerve of mortal arm 
Againft th' uncircumcis'd, our enemies t 
But now hath caft me off as never known, 
And to thofe cruel enemiesy 
Whom I by his appointment had provok'd, 
I -eft me all helplefs with th' irreparable lofs 
Of fight, referv'd alive to be repeated 
The fubjecl of their cruelty or fcorn. 
NOT am I in the lift of them that hope ; 
Hopclefs are all my evils, all remedilefs ; 
This one prayer yet remains, might I be heard*, 
No long petition, fpeedy death, 
The clofe of all my miferies r - and the balm." 

CHOR.. Many are the fayings of the wife 
In ancient and in modern books inroll'd, 
Extolling patience as the trueft fortitude j. 
And to the bearing welt of all calamities, 
Ail ch*ances incident to man's frail life, 
Confolitaries writ 
With ftudy'd argument, and much perfuafion 


Lenient of grief and anxious thought : 
But with th' afflicted in his pangs their found 
Little prevails, or rather feems a tune 
Harfh, and of diflbnant mood from his complaint}! 
Unlefs he feel within 
Some fource of confolation from above,. 
Secret refrefliings. that repair his ftrength, 
And fainting fpirits uphold. 

God of our fathers, what is man ? 
That thou towards him witli hand fo various, 
Or might I fay contrarious. 
Temper'ft thy providence thro' this fliort courfe, 
Not ev'nly, as thou rul'ft 
Th' angelic orders, and inferior creatures mute r 
Irrational and brute. 

Nor do I name of men the cofnmon f but, 
That, wand' ring loofe about, 


up and perifh as the fummer file, 
Heads without name no more remember'cl, 
But fuch as thou hail foJemnly elected. 
With gifts and graces eminently adorn'd 
To fome great work, thy glory, 
And people's fafety, which in part they' effect 
Yet towards thefe thus dignify'd, thou oft 
Amidft their height of noon 
Changeft thy count'nance, and thy hand with n 
Of higheft favours paft [regart 

From thee on them, or them to thee of fervice. 

Nor only doft degrade them, or remit 
To life obfcur 1 d, which were a fair difmiffion, 
But throw 'ft them lower than thou didit exal 

them high ; 

Unfeemly falls in human eye, 
Too grievous for the trefpafs or omiffion ; 
'Oft leav'ft them to the hoftile fword 
Of Heathen and profane, their carcafes 
To dogs and fowls a prey, or elfe captiv'd^ 
Or to the unjuft tribunals, under change of times 
And condemnation of th' ungrateful multitude. 
If thefe they Ycape, perhaps in poverty 
With ficknefs and diieafe, thou bow'ft them down 
Painful difeafes and deiorm'd, 
In crude old age; 

Tho' not difordinatc, yet caufelefs fuffering 
The pumfhment of dilfolute days : in fine, 
Juft or unjuft alike feem miferable, 
For oft alike both come to evil end. 

So deal not with this once thy glorious champion 
The image of thy ftrength, and mighty minifter. 
What do I beg ? how haft thou dealt already ? 
Behold him in this ftate calamitous, and turn 
His labours, for thou can'ft, to peaceful end. 

But who is this ? what thing of fea or land ? 
Female of fex it feems, 
That fo bedeck' d, ornate, and gay, 
Comes this way failing 
lake a ftately fhip 
Of Tarfus, bound for th' ifles 
Of Javan or Gadire, 

With all her bravery on, and tackle trim, 
Sails fill'd, and ftreamers waving, 
Courted by all the winds that hold them play, 
An amber fceut of odorous perfume 
Her harbinger, a damfel train behind ; 
Some rich Philliftian matron the may feem, 
And now at nearer view, no other certain 
Than DaliJa thy wife. [near me. 

SAM. My wife, my traitrcfs, let her not come 
CHOR. Yet on fhe moves, now (lands and eyes 

thee fix'd, 

About t' have fpoke, but now, with head declin'd 
Like a fair flower furcharg'd with dew, fhe weeps, 
And words addrefs'd feem into tears diflolv'd, 
Wetting the borders of her filken veil : 
JBut now again fhe makes addrefs to fpeak, 

DAL. With doubtful feet and wavering refb- 


I came, ftill dreading thy difpleafure, Samfon, 
Which to have merited, without excufe, 
I cannot but acknowledge ; yet, if tears 
May expiate (though the fa& more evil drew 
In theperverfe event, than I forefaw) 

My penance hath not flacken'd, tho' my pardon 

No way affur'd. But conjugal affection 

Prevailing over fear, and timorous doubt , 

Hath led me on, defirous to behold 

Once more thy face, and know of thy eftate, 

If ought in my ability may ferve 

To lighten what thou fuffer'ft, and.appeafe 

Thy mind with what amends is in my power, 

Though late, yet in fome part to recompenfe 

My rafti, but more unfortunate mifdecd. 

SAM. Out, out hyaena; thefe are thy wonted 


And arts of every woman falfe like thee ; 
To break all faith, all vows, deceive, betray, 
Then as repentant, to fubmit, befeech, 
And reconcilement move with feign'd remorfe; 
Confefs, and promife wonders in her change ; 
Not truly penitent, but chief to try 
Her hufband, how far urg'd his patience bears, 
His virtue or weaknefs which way to affail : 
Then with more cautious and inftruded fkill 
Again tranfgreffes, and again fubmits ; 
That wifeft and befl men full oft begun" d 
With goodnefs principled not to reject 
The penitent, but ever to forgive, 
Are drawn to wear out miferable days, 
Intangled with a pois'nous bofom fnake, 
If not by quick deftru&ion foon cut off 
As I by thee, -to ages an example. [vour 

DAL. Yet hear me, Samfon, not that I endea- 
To leflen or extenuate my offence, 
But that on the other fide if it be weigh'd 
By' itfelf, with aggravations not furcharg'd, 
Or elfe with juft allowance counterpois'd, 
[ may if poflible thy pardon find 
The eaficr tow'rds me, or thy hatred lefs. 
Firfl granting, as I do, it was a weaknefs 
n me, but incident to all our fex, 
^uriofity, inquifitive, importune 
Of fecrets, then with like infirmity 
To publifli them, both common female faults : 
Was it not weaknefs alfo to make known 
"or importunity, that is for nought, 
Wherein con filled all thy ftrength and fafety ? 
.'o what I did thou fhewd'ft me firft the way. 
3ut I to enemies reveal'd, and fhould not : 
Jor fhoulcTft thou have trufted that to woman's 

frailty : 

i'er I to thee, thou to thyfelf waft cruel. 
Let weaknefs then with weaknefs come to parlc 
o near related or the fame of kind ; 
'hine forgive mine, that men may cenfure thine 
'he gentler, if feverely thou exa6l not 
More ftrength from me than in thyfelf was found. 
And what if love, which thou interpret'ft hate, 
The jealoufy of love, powerful of fway 
n human hearts, nor Itfs in mind tow'rds thee, 
aus'd what I did ? I faw thee mutable [me 

f fancy, fear'd left one day thou wouldft leave 
As her at Tirana, fought by all means therefore 
.ow to indear, and hold thee to me firmeft : 
o better way I faw than by' importuning 
o learn thy fecrets, get into my power 
he key of ftrength and fafety : thou wilt fay, 
Why then reveal'd ? I was affur'd byjhofe 




Who tempted me that nothing was defigu'd 
Againft thee, but fafe cuftody and hold : 
Thai made for me ; 1 knew that liberty 
Would draw thee forth to perilous entt-rprifes, 
While I at home fat full of cares and fears, 
Wailing thy ab fence in my widow' d bed ; 
Here F fhould ftill enjoy thee day and night 
Mine and love's prifoner, not the Philiftiries, 
Whole to myfelf, unhazarded abroad, 
Fearlefs at home of partners in my love. 
Thefe reafons in love's law have pal': for good, 
Though fond and reafonlcfs to fome perhaps ; 
And love hath" oft, well meaning, wrought much 
Yet always pity or pardon hath obtain'd. [woe, 
Be not unlike all others, not auftere 
As thou art ftrong, inflexible as Heel. 
If thou in firength all mortals do ft exceed, 
In uncqmpaffionate anger do not fo. 

SAM. How cunningly the forcere.fs difplays 
Her own tranfgreffions, to upbraid me mine ; 
That malice not repentance brought thee hither, 
By this appears : I gave, then fay'it, th' example, 
I led the way ; bitter reproach, but true ; 
I to myfelf was falfe. e'er thou to me ; 
Such pardon therefore as I give mv folly, 
Take to thy wicked deed ; which when thou feeil 
Impartial, felf-fevere, inexorable, 
Thou wilt renounce thy feeking, and much rather 
Confefs it feign'd : weaknefs is thy excufe, 
And I believe it, weaknefs to refill 
Philiftian gold : if weaknefs may excufe, 
What murderer, what traitor, parricide, 
Inceituous, facriiegious, but may plead it ? 
All wickednefs is weaknefs : that plea therefore 
With God or man will gain thee no remifliou. 
JBut love coriftrain'd tliee ; call it furious rage 
To fatisfy thy luft : love fecks to have love ; 
My love how could'ft thou hope, wko took'ft the 
To raife in me inexpiable hate, [way 

Knowing, as needs I muft, by thee bttray'd ? 
In vain thou ftriv'ft to cover ihanie with fhame, 
Or by evafions thy crime uncover'ft more. 

DAL. Since thou determiu'ic weukncfs for no 


In man or woman, though to thv own condemning, 
Hear what aflaults I had, what^fnarea befides, 
What fieges girt me round, e'er I confentcd; 
Which might have aw'd the Left refciv'd of men, 
The conflanteft, to have yielded without blame. 
It was not gold, as to my charge thou Jay'ft, 
That wrought v/itii me : thou know'il the ma- 


And princes of my country carne in perfon, 
Solicited, commaudecl, threaten'^, urg'd. 
Adjur'd by all the bonds of civil duty 
And of religion, prefs'd how juft it was, 
How honourable j how glorious to intrap 
A common enemy, who had deftroy'd 
Such numbers of our nation : and the prieft 
Was not behind, but ever at irfy ear, . 
Preaching bow meritorious with the-gods 
It would be to iriihare an irreligious 
-Difhonourer 'of Dagon : what had I 
To oppofe againft iuch powerful arguments ? 
Only my love of thee hold long debate-, 

And combated in filence all thefe reafbns 

With hardconteft : at length that grounded maxim 

So riff and celebrated in the mouths 

Of wifeft men, that to the public good 

Private refpecls muft yield, with grave authority 

Took full poffeffion of me, and prevail'd ; 

Virtue, as I thought, truth, duty fo injoining. 

SAM. I thought where all thy circling wiles 

would end ; 

In feign'd religion, fmooth hypocrify. 
But had thy love, ftill odioufiy pretended, 
Been, as it ought, fincere, it would have taught thee 
Far other reafonings, brought foith other deeds. 
1 before all the daughters of my tribe 
And of my nation chofe thee from among ' 
My enemies, lov'd thee, as too well thou knew'ft, 
Too well, unbofom'd all my i'ecrets to thee, 
Not out of levity, but over-power'd 
By thy requeft, who could deny thee nothing ; 
Yet now am judg'd an enemy. Why then 
Didft thou at firft receive me for thy hufband, 
Then, as fmce then, thy country's foe profefs'd ? 
Being once a wife, for me thou waft to leave 
Parents and country ; nor was I their fubjecl:, 
Nor under their protection, but my own j 
Thou mine, not theirs : if ought againfb my life 
Thy country fought of thee, ic fought unjuftly, 
Againft the law of nr.ture, law of nations, 
No more thy country, but an impious crew 
Of men confpiring to uphold their fhate 
By worfe than hoftile deeds, violating the ends 
For which our cr.untry is a name fo dear ; 
Not therefore to be obey'd. But zeal mov'd thee ; 
To pkafe thy gods thou didft it ; gods unable 
To ibemfelves and profecute their foes 
But by ungodly deeds, the contradiction 
Ol thvir own deity, gods cannot be ; 
l*crfs therefore to be pleas'd, obey'd, or fear'd. 
Thefe falfe pretexts and varnifh'd colours failing, 
Bare in thy guilt how foul muft thou appear ? 

DAL. In argument with men a woman ever 
Gotf by the worfe, whatever be her caufe. 

SAM. For want of words no doubt, or lack o^ 

breath ; 
Witnefs when I was worried with thy peals. 

DAL. I was a fool, too rafh, and, quite miftaken 
In what I thought would have fucceeded beft. 
Let me obtain forgivenefs of thee, Samfon, 
Afford me place to fhew what recompenie 
Towards thee I intend for what I have mifdone, 
Mifguided ; only what remains paft cure 
Bear not too feimbly, nor ftill infift 
To afRict thyfelf in vain : though fight be loft, 
Life yet hath many folaces, enjoy'd 
Where other feufes want not their delights 
A, Lome in kifure and domeftic eafe, 
Exempt from many a care and chance to which 
Eye-light expofes daily men abroad. 
I to the lords will intercede, not doubting 
Their favourable ear, that I may fetch thee 
From forth this loathfome prifon-houfe, to abide 
With me, where my redoubled love and care 
With nurfing diligence, to me glad office, 
May ever tend about thee to old age, 
With ail things grateful cheer'd, and fo fupply'd> 


fcat what by me thou haft loft thou leaft malt 

SAM. No, no, of my condition take no care ; 
It fits not ; thou and I long fince are twain : 
Nor think me fo unwary or accurs'd, 
To bring my feet again into the lhare 
Where once I have been caught ; I know thy trains 
Though deariy to my coft, thy gins, and toils; 
Thy fair inchanted cup, and warbling charms 
No more on me have power, their force is null'd, 
So much of adder's wifdom I have learn'd 
To fence my ear againft thy forceries. 
Jf in my flower of youth and llrength, when all men 
Lov'd, honour'djfear'd me,thou alone couldft hate 


Thy hufband, flight me, fell me and forego me ; 
How wouldft thou ufe me now, blind, and thereby 
Deceivable, in moft things as a child 
Helplefs, thence eafily contemn'd, and fcorn'd, 
And laft neglected ? How wouldft thou infult, 
"When I muft live uxorious to thy will 
In perfect thraldom, how again betray me, 
Bearing my words and d'jings to the lords 
To glois upon, and cenfuring, frown or fmile ? 
This jail I count the houfe of liberty 
To thine, whofe doors my feet ihall never enter. 

DAL. Let me approach at leaft, and touch thy 

SAM. Not for thy life, left fierce remembrance 
My fuciden rage to tear thee joint by joint, [wake 
At diftance I forgive thee, go with that ; 
Bewail thy fallhood, and the pious works 
It hath brought forth to make thee memorable 
Among illuftrious women, faithful wives : 
Cherifh thy haftt-n'd widowhood with the gold 
Of matrimonial treafcu : fo farewel. 

DAL. I fee thou art implacable, more deaf 
To prayers than winds and fcas, yet winds to feas 
Are reconcil'd at length, and fca to fhorc : 
Thy anger, unappealable, ftill rages, 
Eternal tempeft never to be calm'd. 
. Why do I humble thus myftlf, and fuing 
For peace, reap nothing but rcpulfe and hate ? 
Bid go with evil omen and the brand 
Of infamy upon my name denounc'd ? 
To mix with thy concernments I defift 
Henceforth, nor too much difapprove my own. 
Fame if not double fac'd is double mouth'd, 
And with contrary blaft proclaims moft deeds ; 
On both his wings, one black, the other white, 
Bears greateft names in his wild airy flight. 
My name perhaps among the circumcis'd 
In Dan, in Judah, and the bordering tribes, 
To all pofterity may ftand defam'd, 
With maledi>5lion mention'd, and the blot 
Of falfehood moft unconjugal traduc'd. 
But in my country where I moft defire, 
In Ecron, Gaza, Afdod, and in Gath, 
I fhall be nam'd among the famoufeft 
Of women, fung at folemn feftivals, 
Living and dead recorded, who to fave 
Her country from a fierce deftroyer, chofe 
Above the faith of wedlock-bands, my tomb 
With odours vifited and annual flowers ; 
Ko: lefs renown'd than in Mount Ephraim 


Jael, who with inhofpitable guile 

Smote Sifera fleeping through the temple nail'd. 

Nor fiiall I count it hainous to enjoy 

The public marks of honour and reward 

Conferr'd upon me for the piety 

Which to my country I was judg'd to have Ihewn. 

At this who ever envies or repines, 

I leave him to his lot, and like my own. 

CHOR. She's gone, a munifeftferpentby her fling 
Difcover'J in the end, till now conceal'd. 

SAM. So let her go ; God fent her to debafe me, 
And aggravate my folly, who committed 
To fuch a viper his moft facred truft 
Of fecrecy, my fafety, and my life. 

CHOR. Yet beauty, though injurious, hath 

ftrange power, 

After offence returning, to regain 
Love once poffefs'd, nor can be eafily 
Repuls'd, without much inward paflion felt 
And fetret fting of amorous remorfe. 

SAM. Love-quarrels eft in pleafmg concord end, 
Not wedlock-treachery indang'ring life. 
CHOR. It is not virtue, wii'dom, valour, wit, 
Strength, comelinefs of fhape, or amplefl merit, 
That woman's love can win or long inherit ; 
But what it is, hard is to fay, 
Harder to hit, 

(Which way foever men refer it) 
Much like thy riddle, Samfon, in one day 
Or fev'n, though one mould muling fit. 

If any of thcfo, or all, the Timnian bride 
Hud not fo foon prefcrr'd 
Thy paranymph, worthlcfs to thee compared, 
Succcffor in thy bed, 
Ncr both fo loofly difally'd 
Their nuptials, nor this Lift fo treacheroufly 
Had fhorn the fatal harvefl of thy head. 
Is it for that fuch outward ornament 
Was lavifh'd on their fex, that inward gifts 
Were left for hafte uniiniih'd, judgment fcant, 
Capacity not rais'd to apprehend 
Or value what is beft 
In choice, but ofteft to affect the wrong ? 
Or was too much of felf-love mix'd, 
Of conftancy no root infix'd, 
That either they love nothing, or not long ? 

Whate'er it be, to vvifeft men and beft 
Seeming at firft all heav'nly under virgin veil, 
Soft, modeft, meek, demure, 
Once join'd, the contrary flie proves, a thorn 
Inteftine, far within defenfive arms 
A cleaving mifchief, in his way to virtue 
Adverfe and turbulent, or by her charms 
Draws him awry inflav'd 
With dotage, and his fenfe deprav'd 
To folly and fhameful deeds which ruin ends. 
What pilot fo expert but needs muft wreck 
Imbark'd with fuch a fteers-mate at the helm ? 

Favour'd of Heav'n, who finds 
One virtuous rarely found, 
That in domeftic good combines : 
Happy that houfe ! his way to peace is fmooth : 
But virtue, which breaks through all oppofition, 
And all temptation can remove, 
Moft fliines and moft is acceptable above. 



Therefore pod's univerfal law 
Gave to the man defpotic power 
Over his female in due awe, 
Nor from that right to part an hour, 
Smile fhe or lour : 
So fhall he leaft confufion draw 
On his whole life, not fway'd 
By female ufurpation, or difmay'd. 
'But had we beft retire, I fee a ftqrm ? 

SAM. Fair days have oft contracted wind and 

CHOR. But this another kind of tempeft brings. 

SAM. Be lefsabftrufe ; my riddling days are paft. 

CHOR. Look now for no inchanting voice, nor 


The bait of honied words ; a rougher tongue 
Draws hitherward ; I know him by his ftride, 
The giant Harapha of Gath ; his look 
Haughty as is his pile high-built and proud. 
Comes he in peace ? what wind hath blown him 
I lefs conjecture than when firft 1 faw [hither 
The fumptuous Dalilah floting this way : 
His habit carries peace, his brow defiance. 

SAM. Or peace or riot, alike to me he comes. 

CHOR. His fraught we foon fhall know ; he riow 

HAR I come not, Samfon, to condole thy chance, 
As thefe perhaps, yet wifh it had not been, 
Though for no friendly intent. I am of Gath, 
Men call me Harapha, of ftock renown'd 
As Og or Anak and the Ernmims old 
That Kiriathaim held;thou kriow'ft me now 
If thotl at all art known. Much I have heard 
Of thy prodigious might and feats perform'd 
Incredible to me, in this dilpleas'd, 
That I was never prefent on the place 
Of thofe encounters, where we might have try'd 
Each other's force in camp or lifted field ; 
And now am come to fee of whom fuch noife 
Hath walk'd about, and each limb to furvey, 
If thy appearance anfwer loud report. 

SAM. The way to know were not to fee but 

HAR. Doft thou already fingle me ? I thought 
Gyves and the mill had tam'd thee. O that For 

Had brought me to the field, where thou art fam'd 
To have wrought fuch wonders with an afs'sjaw ; ; 
I fhould have forc'd thee foon with other arms, 
Or left thy carcafe where the afs lay thrown : 
So had the glory of prowefs been recover'd 
To PalefHne, won by a PhiMine, 
From the unforefkinn'd race, of whom thoubear'fl 
The higheft name for valiant ads ; that honour 
Certain to have won by mortal duel from thee, 
I lofe/ prevented by thy eyes put out. 

SAM. Boaft not of what thou would'ft have 

done, but do 
What then thou would'ft, thou feeft it in thy hand. 

HAR. To combat with a blind man I difdain, 
And thou haft need much wafhing to be touch'd. 

SAM. Such ufagt as your honourable lords 
Afford me affaTmated and betray'd, 
Who durft not with their whole united powers 
In fight withftand me fingle and unarm' d, 

Nor in the houfe with chamber ambufliea 
Clofe-banded durfl attack me, no not fleepin?', 
Till they had hir'd a woman with their gold, 
Breaking her marriage faith to circumvent me f 
Therefore without feign'd Ihifts let be affign'd 
Some narrow place inclos'd, where fight may give 


Or rather flight, no great advantage on me ; 
Then put on all thy gorgeous arms, thy helmet 
And brigandine of brafs, thy broad habergeon, 
Vaunt-brafsand greves,and gauntler,addthy fpear, 
A weaver's beam, and feven-times-folded fhield ; 
I only with an oaken ftaff will meet thee, 
And raife fuch outcries on thy clatter'd iron, 
Which long fhall not withhold from me thy head, 
That in a little time while breath remains thee, 
Thou oft fhall wifh thyfelf at Gath to boaft 
Again in fafety what thou would'fl have donq 
To Samfon, but fhalt never fee Gath more. 

HAR. Thou durfl not thus difparage glorious 


Which greatefl heroes have in battle worn, 
Their ornament and fafety, had not fpells 
And black inchantments, fome Magician's art, 
Arm'd thee or charm'd thee ftrong, which thou 

from Heav'n 

Feign'dft at thy birth was giv'n thee in thy hair, 
Where ftrength can leaft abide, though all thy haira 
Were briftles rang'd like thofe that ridge the back 
Of chaf 'd wild boars, or ruffled porcupines. 

SAM. I know no fpails, ufe no forbidden arts ; 
My truft is in the living God, who gave me 
At my nativity this ftrength, diffus'd 
No lefs through all my finews, joints and bones, 
Than thine, while I preferv'd thefe locks unfhornj. 
The pledge of my unviolated vow. 
For proof hereof, if Dagon be thy god, 
Go to his temple, invocate his aid 
With folemn'ft devotion, fpread before him 
How highly it concerns his glory now 
To fruftrate and diffolve thefe magic fpells, 
Which I to be the power of Ifrael's God 
Avow, and challenge Dagon to the teft, 
Offering to combat thee his champion bold, 
With th' utmoft of his godhead feconded : 
Then thou fhalt fee, or rather to thy forrow 
Soon feel, whofe God is ftrongeft, thine or mine. 

HAR. Prefume not on thy God, whate'er he be ; 
Thee he regards not, owns not, hath cut off 
Quite from his people, and deliver'd up 
Into thy enemy's hand, permitted them 
To put out both thine eyes, and fetter'd fend thee 
Into the common prifon, there to grind 
Among the flaves and afles thy comrades, 
As good for nothing elfe, no better fervice 
With thofe thy boift'rous locks, no worthy match 
For valour to affail, nor by the fword 
Of noble warrior, fo to ftain his honour, 
But by the barber's razor beft fubdued. 

SAM. All thefe indignities^for fuch they are 
From thine, thefe evils I deferve, and more, 
Acknowledge them from God inflicled on me 
Juftly, yet defpair not his final pardon, 
Whofe ear is ever open, and his eye 
Gracious to re-admit the fuppliant : 


In confidence whereof I once again 
Defy thee to the trial of mortal fight, 
By combat to decide whofe god is God, 
Thine, or whom I with Ifrael's fons adore. 

HAR. Fair honour that thou doft thy God, in 


He will accept thee to defend his caufe, 
A murderer, a revolter, and a robber. 

SAM. Tongue-doughty Giant, how doft thou 
prove me thefe ? 

HAR. is not thy nation fubject to our lords ? 
Their magiftrates confefs'd it, when they took thee 
As a league-breaker and deliver'd bound 
Into our hands : for hadft thou not committed 
Notorious murder on thofe thirty men 
At Afcalon,'who never did thee harm, 
Then like a robber ftripp'dft them of their robes ? 
The Philiftines, when thou hadft broke the league, 
Went up with armed powers thee only feeking, 
To others did no violence, nor fpoil. 

SAM. Among the daughters of the Philiftines 
I chofe a wife, which argued me no foe ; 
And in your city held my nuptial feaft : 
But your ill-meaning politician lords, 
Under pretence of bridal friends and guefts, 
Appointed to await me thirty fpies, 
Who, threat'ning cruel death^conftrain'd the bride 
To wring from me, and tell to them my iecret, 
That folv'd the riddle which I had propos'd. 
When I perceiv'd all fet on enmity, 
As on my enemies, wherever chanc'd, 
I us'd lioftility, and took their fpoil 
t To pay my underminers in their coin ; 
My nation was iubjecled to your lords. 
It was the force of conquelt ; force with force 
Is well ejected when the conquer'd can. 
But I a private perfon, whom my country 
As a league-breaker gave up bound, prefum'd 
Single rebellion, and did hoftile acts. 
I was no private, but a perfon rais'd 
With ftrength fumcientandcommandfrom Heav'n, 
To free my country ; if their fervile minds 
Me their deliverer fent would not receive, 
But to their mafters gave me up for nought, 
Th' unworthier they ; whence to this day they 
I was to do my part from Heav'n aflign'd, [ferve. 
And had perform'd it, if my known offence 
Had not difabled me, not all your force : 
Thefe fhifts refuted, anfwer thy appellant, 
Though by his blindnefs maim'd for high attempts, 
Who now defies thee thrice to fingle tight, 
As a petty enterprife of fmall enforce. 

HAR. With thee a man condemn'd, a flave in- 


Due by the law to capital punifhment ; 
To fight with thee no man of arms will deign. 

SAM. Cam'ilthou for this, vain boafter, to fur- 

vey me, 

To defcant on my ftrength, and give thy verdict ? 
Come nearer, part not hence fo flight inform'd ; 
But take good heed my hand furvey not thee. 

HAR. O Baal-zebub ! can my ears unus'd 
Hear thefe difhonours, and not render death ? 

SAM. No man withholds thee, nothing from 
thy hand 

Fear I incurable ; bring up thy van ; 
My heels are fetter'd, but my fift is free. 

HAR. This infolence other kind of anfwer fits. 

SAM. Go baffled coward,' left I run upon thee 
Though in thefe chains, bulk without fpirit vaft, 
And with one buffet lay thy ftructure low, 
Or fwing thee in the air, then dafh thee down 
To th' hazard of thy brains and fhatter'd fides. 

HAR. By Aftaroth, e'er long thou flialt lament 
Thefe braveries in irons loaden on thee. 

CHOR. His Giantfhip is gone fomewhat crcfl- 


Stalking with lefs unconfcionable ftrides, 
And lower looks, but in a fultry chafe. 

SAM. I dread him not, nor all his giant-brood, 
Though Fame divulge him father of five fons, 
All of gigantic fize, Goliath chief. 

CHOR He will directly to the lords, I fear, 
And with malicious counfel ftir them up 
Some way or other yet further to afflict thee 

SAM. He muft allege fome caufe, and offer M 


Will not dare mention, left a queftion rife 
Whether he durft accept th' offer or not; 
And that he durft not, plain enough appear'd. 
Much more affliction than already elt 
They cannot well impofe, nor I fuftain, 
If they intend advantage of my labours, 
The work of many hands, which earns my keeping 
With no fmall profit daily to my owners. 
But come what will, my deadlieft foe will prove 
My fpeedieft friend, by death to rid me hence, 
The worft that he can give, to me the beft. 
Yet fo it may fall out, becaufe their end 
Is hate, not help to me, it may with mine 
Draw their own ruin who attempt the deed. 

CHOR. O how comely it is, and how reviving 
To the fpirits of juft men long opprefs'd, 
When God into the hands of their deliverer 
Puts invincible might 

To quell the mighty of the earth, th' oppreffor, 
The brute and boift'rous force of violent men 
Hardy and induftrious to fupport 
Tyrannic power, but raging to purfue 
The righteous and all fuch as honour truth ; 
He all their ammunition 
And feats of war defeats, 
With plain heroic magnitude of mind 
And celeftial vigour arm'd, 
Their armories and magazines contemns, 
Renders them ufelefs, while, 
With winged expedition, 
Swift as the lightning glance he executes 
His errand on the wicked, who furpris'd 
Lofe their defence diftracted and amaz'd. 

But patience is more oft the exercife 
Of faints, the trial of their fortitude, 
Making them each his own deliverer, 
And victor over all 
That Tyranny or Fortune can inflidt. 
Either of thefe is in thy lot, 
Samfon, with might indued 
Above the fons of men ; but fight bereav'd 
May chance to number thee with thofe 
Whom patience finally muft crown. 


This idol's day hath been to theeno day of reft, 
Labouring thy ruind^ 
More than the working day thy hands. 
And yet perhaps more trouble is behind, 
For I defcry this way 
Some other tending, in his hand 
A fceptre or quaint ftaff he bears, 
..Comes on amain, fpeed in his look. 
By his habit 1 difcern him now 
A public officer, and now at hand. 
His meffage will be fhort and voluble. 

OF. Hebrews, the prif'ner Samfon here I feek. 
CHOR. His manacles remark him, there he fits. 
OF. Samfon, to thee our lords thus bid me fay ; 
This day to Dagon is a folemn feaft, 
With facrifices, triumph, pomp, and games ; 
Thy ftrength they know furpaffing human rate, 
And now ibme public proof thereof require 
To honour this great feaft, and great ailembly ; 
Rife therefore with all fpeed and come along, 
Where 1 will fee thce heartened and frefh ciad 
To appear as fits before th' illuftrious lords. 
SAM. Thou know'ft I am an Hebrew, there 
fore tell them 

Our law forbids at their religious rites 
My prefence ; for that caufe I cannot come. 
OF. This anfwer, be affur'd will not content 

SAM. Have they not fword-pfayers, and every 


Of gymnic artifts, wreftlers, riders, runners, 
Juglers and dancers, antics, mummers, mimics, 
.But they muft pick me out with lhackies tir'd, 
And over-labour'd at their public mill 
To make them fport with blind activity ? 
Do they not feek occafion of new quarrels 
On my refufal to diftrefs me more, 
Or make a game of my calamities ? 
Return the way thou cam'ft ; I will not come. 
OF. Regard thyfelf ; this will offend them highly. 
' SAM. Myfclf ? my confcience and internal peace. 
Can they think me fo broken, fo dtbas'd 
With corporal fervitude, that my mind ever 
Will condefccnd to fuch abiurd commands ; 
Although their drudge, to be their fool or jefter, 
And in my midft of forrow and heart-grief 
To fhcw them feats,, and play before their god, 
The worit of all indigiiimties, yet on me 
join'd with extreme contempt ? I will not come. 
OF. My meffage was impos'd on me with 
Brooks no delay : is this thy refolution ? [fpeed, 
tJAM. So take it with what fpeed thy meffage 


OF. I am forry what this floutnefs will produce. 
fcAM. Perhaps tjaou fhalt have caufe to forrow 

CHOR. Confider, Samfon, ^matters now are 


Up to the height, whether to hold or break ; 
He's gone, and who knows how he may report 
Thy words, by adding fuel to the flame ? 
Expeft another meffage more imperious, 
More lordly thund'ring than thou well wilt bear. 

SAM. Shdl I abufe this confecrated gift 
Of ftrerjgth, again returning with my hair 

After my great tranfgrefllon, fo requite 

Favour renew'd, and add a greater fin 

By proftituting holy things to idols ; 

A Nazarite in place abominable, 

Vaunting my ftrength in honour to their Dagon ? 

Befides, how vile, contemptible, ridiculous, 

What act more execrably unclean, profane ? 

CHOR. Yet with this ftrength thou ferv'ft the 
Idolatrous, uncircumcis'd, unclean. [Philiftines, 

SAM. Not in their idol-worlhip, but by labour 
Honeft and lawful to deferve my food 
Of thofe who have me in their civil power, 

CHOR. Where the heart joins not, outward acts 
defile not. 

SAM. Where outward force conftrains, the fen- 

tence holds ; 

But who conftrains me to the temple of Dagon, 
Not dragging ? the Philiftian lords command. 
Commands are no conftraints. If I obey them, 
I do it freely, vent ring to difpleafe 
God for the fear of man, and man prefer, 
Set God behind : which in his jealoufy 
Shall never unrepentcd, find forgivenefs. 
Yet that he may difpenfe with me or thee 
Prefent in temples at idolatrous rites 
For fome important caufo, thou need'ft not doubt. 

CHOR. How thou wilt here come off furmounu 
niy reach. 

SAM. Be of good courage ; I begin to feel 
Some roufing motions in me, which difpofe 
To iomething extraordinary my thoughts. 
I with this nieffeiiger will go along, 
Nothing to do, be fure, that may difhonour 
Our law, or ftain my vow of Nazarite. 
If there be ought of prefage in the mind, 
This day will be remarkable in my life 
By fome great ait, or of my days the laft. 

CHOR. In time thou haft refolv'd ; th^nian re 

OF. Samfon, this fecond mefliige from our lords 
To thee I am bid fay. Art thou our flave, 
Our captive, at the public mill our drudge, 
And dar'ft thou at our fending and command 
Difpute thy coming ? come without delay ; 
Or we lhall find fuch engines to affail 
And hamper thee, as thou {halt come of force, 
Though thou wert firmlier faften'd than a rock. 

SAM. I could be well content to try their art, 
Which to no few of them would prove pernicious. 
Yet knowing their advantages too many, 
Becaufe they {hall not trail me through their ftreets 
Like a wild beaft, I am content to go. 
Mafcers* commands come with a power refiftlefs 
To fuch as owe them abfolute fubjection ; 
And for a life who will not change his purpefe ? 
(So mutable are all the ways of ru)m) 
Yet this be fure, in nothing to coljnply 
Scandalous, or forbidden in our laiy. 

OF. I praife thy refolution : doff thefe links ; 
By this compliance thou wilt witf the lords 
To favour, and perhaps to fet thee free. 

SAM. Brethren fare \v el ; your company along 
I will not wifh, left it perhaps offend them 
To fee me girt with friends ; and how the fight 
Of me as of a common enemy, 



So dreaded once, may now exafperate them, 
I know not : lords are lordlieft in their wine ; 
And the well-feafted prieft then fooneft fir'd 
With zeal, if ought religion feem concerned ; 
No lefs the people on their holy- days 
Impetuous, infolent, unquenchable : 
Happen what may, of me expect to hear 
Nothing difhonourable, impure,' unworthy 
Our God, our law, my nation, or myfelf, 
The laft of me or no 1 cannot warrant. 

CHOR. Go, and the Holy One 
Of Ifrael be thy guide 

To what may ferve his glory beft, and fpread his 
Great among the Heathen round ; [name 

Send thce the angel of thy birth, to ftand 
Faft by thy fide, who from thy father's field 
Rode up in flames, after his mefiage told 
Of thy conception, and be now a ihield 
Of fire ; that Spirit that firft rufiYd on thee 
In the camp of Dan 
Be efficacious in thee now at need, 
For never was from Heav'n imparted 
Meafure of ftrength fo great to mortal feed, 
As in thy wondrous actions hath been feen. 
But wherefore comes old Manoah in fuch hafte, 
With youthful fteps ? much livelier than e'er while 
He feems : fuppofing here to find his ion, 
Or of him bringing to us fome glad news ? 

MAN. Peace with you, brethren; my induce 
ment hither 

Was not at prefent here to find my fon, 
By order of the lords new parted hence 
To come and play before them at their feaft, 
I heard all as I came ; the city rings, 
And numbers thither flock; I had no will, 
Left I fhould ice him forc'd to things unfeemly. 
But that which mov'd my coming now was chiefly 
To give ye part with me what hope I have 
With good fuccefs to work his liberty. 

CHOR. That hope would much rejoice us to 


With thee : fay, reverend SJre ; we thirft to hear. 
MAN. I have attempted one by one the Lords 
Father at home or through the high ftreot pafling, 
With fupplication prone, and father's tears, 
To accept of ranion for my fon, their pris'ner. 
Some much averfe I found, and wondrous harfh, 
Contemptuous, proud, let on revenge and fpitc ; 
That part moil reverenc'd Dagon and his prieft ; 
Others more moderate fecming, but their aim 
Private reward, for which both God and ftate 
They eafily would fet to fale : a third, 
More generous far and civil, who confefs'd 
They had enough reveng'd, having reduc'd 
Their foe to milery beneath their fears, 
The reft was magnanimity to remit, 
If fome convenient rar.fon were prcpos'd. 
What noife or fhout was that ? it tore the fky. 

CHOR. Doubtlefs the people fhouting to beholc 
Their once great dread, captive and blind before 

Or at fome proof of ftrength before them fhewn 

MAN. His ranfom, if my whole inheritance 
JVlay compafs it, fhall willingly be paid 
And uumbsr'd down ; much rather J frail choofe 

To live the pooreft in my tribe, than richeft, 
And he in that calamitous prifon left. 
"Jo, 1 am fix'd not to part hence without him. 
7 or his redemption all my patrimony, 
f need be, I am ready to forego 
And quit : not wanting him, I ihall want nothing. 
CHOR. Fathers are wont to lay up for their fon, 
Thou for thy fon are bent to lay out all : 
Sons wont to nurfe their parents in old age, 
Thou in old age car'ft how to nurfe thy fon, 
Made older than thy age through eye-fight loft. 
MAN. It ihall be my delight to tend his eyes, 
And view him fitting in the houfe, ennobled 
With all thofe high exploits by him achiev'd, 
And on his fhoulders waving down thofe locks, 
That of a nation arm'd the ftrength contain'd : 
And I perfuade me God had not permitted 
His ftrength again to grow up with his hair 
Garrifon'd round about him like a camp 
Of faithful foldiery, were not his purpofe 
To ufe him further yet in fome great fervice, 
Not to fit idle with fo great a gift 
Ufelefs, and thence ridiculous about him. 
And fince his ftrength with eye-fight was not loft, 
God will reftore him eye-fight to his ftrength. 

CHOR. Thy hopes are not ill founded, nor feem 
Of his delivery, and the joy thereon [vain, 

Conceiv'd, agreeable to a father's love, 
In both which we, as next, participate. 

MAN. I know your friendly minds, and O 

what noife ! 

Mercy of Heav'n, what hideous noife was that ! 
Horribly loud, unlike the former fhout. 

CHOR. Noife call you it, or univerfal groan, 
As if the whole inhabitation periih'd ! 
Blood, death, and deathful deeds, are in that noife, 
Ruin, dcftrudlion at the utmoft point. 

MAN. Of ruin indeed, methought I heard the 

Oh it continues ; they have flain my fon. [noife : 

CHOR. Thy fon is rather flaying them, that 

From ilaughter of one foe could not afcend, 

MAN. Some difmal accident it needs muft be ; 
What fhall we do, ftay here or run and fee ? 

CHOR. Beft keep together here, left running 
We unawares run into Danger's mouth, [thither 
This evil on the Philiftines is fall'n ; 
From whom could elfe a general cry be heard ? 
The fufferers then will fcarce moleft us here, 
From other hands we need not much to fear. 
What if his eye-fight (for to Ifrael's God 
Nothing is hard) by miracle reftor'd, 
He now be dealing dole among his foes, 
And over heaps of ilaughter'd walk his way ? 
MAN. That were a joy prefumptuous to be 


CHOR. Yet God hath wrought things as incre- 

For his people of old ; what hinders now? [dible, 

MAN. He can I know, but doubt to think he 

will ; 

Yet hope would fain fubfcribe, and tempts belief. 
A little ftay will bring fome notice hither, 

CHOR. Of good or bad fo great, of bad the 

fooner ; 
Tor evil n;ws rides poft, while good news baits, 


And to our \vlfli I fee one hither fpeeding, 
An Hebrew, as I guefs, and of our tribe. 

MES. O whither fhall I run, or which way fly 
The fight of this fo horrid fpe&acle, 
"Which erft my eyes beheld, and yet behold ? 
For dire imagination ftill purfues me. 
But Providence or ihftin<5l of nature feems. 
Or reafon though difturb'd, and fcarce confulted, 
To have guided me aright, I know not how, 
To thee firft reverend Manoah, and to thefe 
My countrymen, whom here 1 knew remaining, 
As at fome diftance from the place of horror, 
So in the fad event too much concern'd. 

MAN. The accident was loud, and here before 


With rueful cry, yet what it was we hear not; 
JIo preface needs, thou feeft we long to know. 

MES. It would burft forth, but I recover 

And fenfe diffract, to know well what I utter. 

MAN. Tell us the fum ; the circumftance defer. 

MES. Gaza yet ftands, but all her fons are 

All in a moment overwhelm'd and fall'n. 

MAN. Sad ; but thou know'ft to Ifraelites not 
The defolation of a hoftile city. [faddeft, 

MES. Feed on that firft, there may in grief be 

MAN. Relate by whom. [fuifeit. 

MES. By Samfon. 

MAN. That ftill leffem 
The forrow, and converts it nigh to joy. 

MES. Ah, Manoah, I refrain too fuddenly 
To utter what will come at laft too foon ; 
JLeft evil tidings with too rude irruption 
Hitting thy aged ear fhould pierce too deep. 

MAN. Sufpenfe in news is torture ; fpeak them 

MES. Take then the worft in brief; Samfon is 

MAN. The worft indeed, O all my hopes de 

To free him hence ! but Death, who fets all free, 
Hath paid his ranfome now, and full difcharge. 
What windy joy this day had I conceiv'd, 
Hopeful of his delivery, which now proves 
Abortive as the firft born bloom of Spring 
Nipt with the lagging rear of Winter's froft ! 
Yet e'er I give the reins to grief, fay firft 
How dy'd he ? death to life is crown or fhame. 
All by him fell thou fay'ft ; by whom fell he ? 
What glorious hand gave Samfon his death's 
wound ;* 

MES. Unwounded of his enemies he fell. 

MAN. Wearied with flaughtcr then, or how ? 

MES. By his own hands. [explain. 

MAN. Self-violence ? what caufe 
Brought him fo foon at variance with feimfelf, 
Among his foes ? 

ME&. Inevitable caufe 
At once both to deftroy and be deftroy'd ; 
The edifice, where all were met to fee him, 
Upon their heads, and on his own he pull'd. 

MAN. lal'tly overftrong againft thyfelf ! 
A dreadful way thou took'st to thy revenge, [yet 
More than enough we know; but while things 

Are in confufion, give us, if thou canft, 
Eye-witnefs of what firft or laft was done, 
Relation more particular and diftincl. 

MES. Occafions drew me early to this city ; 
nd as the gates I enter'd with fun- rile, 
The morning trumpets feftivai proclaim'd 
Through each high iireet ; little I had difpatch'd^ 
When all abroad was rumr.ur'd that this day 
bamfon fhould be brought forth to fliew the pepi- 


Proof of his mighty ftrength in feats and games. 
I forrow'd at his captive ftate, but minded 
Not to be abfent at that fpe&acle. 
The building was a fpacicus theatre, 
Half-round, on two main pillars vaulted high, 
With feats, where all the lords, and each degree 
Of fort might fit n order to behold; 
The other fide was open, where the throng 
On banks and fcaffolds under fky might ftand ; 
1 among thtfe al .of obfcnrcly flood. 
The feaft and noon grew high, and facrifice 
Had fill'd their hearts with mirth, high cheer, 

and wine, 

When to their fports they turn'd. Immediately 
Was Samfon as a public fervant brought, 
In their ftate livery clad ; before him pipes 
And timbrels, m each fide went armed guards, 
Both horfe and foot, before him and behind 
Archus, and flinders, cataphra<5ts, and fpears. 
At fight of him the peepie with a fhout 
Rifted the air, clamouring their god with praife, 
Vv ho had made their drtadful enemy their thrall. 
He patient, but undaunted where they led him, 
Came to the place and what was fet before him, 
Which without help of eye might be affay'd 
To heave, pull, draw, or break, he ftil' performM 
All with incredible, ftupendous force, 
Ncnc daring to appear antagonift. 
At length for intermiffion fake they led him, 
Between the piliars, he his guide requefted 
(For fo from fuch as nearer flood we heard) 
As overtir'd to let him lean a while 
With both his arms on thofe two maffy pillars, 
That to the arched roof gave main fupport. 
He unfufpicious led him ; which when Samfon 
Felt in his .arms, with head a while inclin'd, 
And eyes faft fix'd he flood, as one \vho pray'd, 
Or fome greater matter in his mind rcvolv'd : 
At laft with head eredt thus cry'd aloud, 
Hitherto, Lords, what your commands impos'd 
I have perform'd, as reafon was obeying, 
Not without wonder or delight beheld : 
Now of my own accord fuch other trial 
I mean to mew you of my ftrength, yet greater, 
As with amaze fhall ftrike all who behold. 
This utter'd, ftrainingj all his nerves he bow'd, 
As with the force of winds and waters pent, 
When mountains tremble, thofe two maify pillars^ 
With horrible convulfions, to and fro 
He tugg d, he fhook, till down they came, and 
Drew the whole roof after them, with burft of 


Upon the heads of all who fat beneath; 
Lords, ladies, captains, counfellers, or priefb, 
Their choice nobility, and flower, not only 


Oi* this but eachPMliftian city round, | 

Met from all parts to folemnize this feaft. 
Samfon with thefe jmmix'd, inevitably 
Pull'd down the fame deftruclion on himfelf ; 
The vulgar only fcap'd who f:ood without. 

CHOR. O dearly-bought revenge, yet glorious! 
Living or dying thou haft fuifill'd 
The work for which thou waft foretold 
To Ifrael, and now If ft. victorious 
Among thy flain, felf-kill'd, 
Not willingly, but tangled in the fold 
Of dire neceflity, vvhofe law in death conjom'd 
Thee with thy flaughter'd foes i& number more 
Than all thy life hath flam before. [fubhme, 

I SEMICHOR. While their hearts were jocund, 
Drunk with idolatry, drunk with wine, [and 
And fat regorg'd of bulls and goats, 
Chauming their idol, and preferring 
Before our living dread, who dwells 
In Silo, his bright fanctuary : 
Among them he a fp'rit of phrenzy fenr, 
Who hurt their minds, 
And urg'd them on with mad defire 
To call in hafte for their deftroyer ; 
They only fet on fport and play 
Unfweetingly importun'd 

Their own deftruction to come fpcedy upon them. 
So fond are mortal men 
Fall'n into wrath divine, 
As their own ruin on themfelves to invite, 
Infenfate left, or to fenfe reprobate, 
And with blindnefs internal ftruck. 

4 SEMICIIOR. But he, though blind of fight, 
Defpis'd, and thought extinguiih'd quite, 
With inward eyes illuminated, 
His fiery virtue rous'd 
From under afhes into fudden flame, 
And as an evening dragon came, 
AlTailant on the perched roofts, 
And nefts in order rang'd 
Of tame villatic fowl ; but as an eagle 
His cloudlefs thunder bolted on their heads. 
So virtue giv'n for loft, 
Deprefs'd, and overthrown, as feem'd, 
Like that 1 elf- begot ten bird, 
In the Arabian woods imboft, 
That no fecond knows nor third, 
And lay e'er while a holocauft, 
From out her afhy womb now teem'd, 
Revives, refloriihes, then vigorous molt 
When moft unadHve deem'd, 
And though her body die, her fame furvives 
A fecular bird agea of lives. 

MAN. Gome, come, no time for lamentation 


Nor much more caufe ; Samfon hath quit hirnfelf 
Like Samfon, and heroicly hath fmiih'd 
A life heroic ; on his enemies - g _- ; 
Fully reveng'd, hath left them years of mourning. 
And lamentation to the Sons of Caphtor 
Through all Philiftian bounds, to Ifrael 
Honour hath left, and freedom, let but them 
Find courage to lay hold on this occaGon ; 
'IV himfelf and father's houfe eternal fame, 
And which is beft and happieft yet, all this 
With God not parted from him, as was fear'd. 
But favouring and affifting to the end, 
Nothing is here tor tears, nothing to wail 
Or knock the breaft, nt> weaknefs, no contempt, 
Difpraife or blame, nothing but well and fair, 
And what may quiet us in a death fo noble. 
Let us go find the body where it lies 
Sock'd in his enemies' blood, and from the ftream 
With lavers pure, and cleanfing herbs waft off 
The clotted gore. I with what fpced the while 
(Gaza is not in plight to fay us> nay) 
Will fend for all my kindred, all my friends, 
To fetch him hence, and folemnly attend 
With filent obfcquy, and funeral train,. 
Home to his father's houfe : there will I build him 
A monument, and plant it round with ihade 
Of laurel ever green, and branching palm, 
With all his trophies hung, and acts inroll'd 
In copious let^end, or fweet lyric fong. : 
Thither fhall all the valiant youth refort, 
And from his memory inflame their breafts 
To matchlefs valour, and adventures high : 
The virgkis alfo fhall on fealrful days 
Vifit his tomb with flow'rs, only bewailing 
His lot uniortunate in nuptial choice, 
From whence captivity and lofs of eyes. 

CHOR. Al! is beft, though we oft doubt 
What th' unfearchdblc difpofc 
Of higheft Wiitfoin brings about, 
And ever beft found in the clofe. 
Oft he fecms to hide his lace, 
But unexpectedly returns, 
And to his faithful champion hath in place 
Bore witnefs glorioufly ; whence Gaza mourns, 
And all that band them to refift 
His uiicontroulable intent; 
His fervaots he with new aqaift 
Of true experience from this great event, 
With peace and confolation hath difmift, 
And calm of mind ail paffions fpent. 




Eheu quid volui mihi ! floribus auftrum. 


The attendant SPIRIT, afterwards in the habit of Thyrfis. 

COMUS, with his crew. 

The LADY. 


Second BROTHER. 

SABRINA the Nymph. 


The Lord BRACKLY. 

Mr. THOMAS EGERTON, his brother. 


C O M U S. 

The firfl SCENE difcovers a Wild Wood. 

7be attendant SPIRIT defetndser enters. 

the ftarry threfhold of Jove's court, 
My manfion is, where thofe immortal fhapes 
Of bright aerial fpirits live infpher'd 
In regions mild of calm and ferene air, 
Above the fmoke and ftir of this dim fpot, 
Which men call Earth, and with low thoughted 


Confin'd, and pefter'd in this pin-fold here, 
Strive to keep up a frail and feverifh being, 
Unmindful of the crown that virtue gives 
After this mortal change to her true fervants 
Amongft the enthron'd gods on fainted feats. 
Yet feme there be that by due fteps afpire 
To lay their juft hands on that golden key 
That opes the palace of Eternity : 
To fuch my errand is ; and but for fuch, 
I would not foil thefe pure ambrofial weeds 
With the rank vapors of this fin-worn mould. 
" But to my talk. Neptune, belidesthe fvvay 
Of every fak-flood, and each ebbing ftream, 
Took in by lot 'twixt high and nether Jove 
Imperial rule of all the lea-girt ifles, 
That like to rich and various gems inlay 
The unadorned bofom of the Deep, 
Which he to grace his tributary gods 
By courle commits to feveral government, 
And gives them leave to wear their faphir crowns, 
And wield their little tridants : but this ile, 
The greateft and the beft of all the main, 
He quarters to his blue-hair'd deities ; 
And all this track that fronts the falling fun 
A noble peer of mickle truft and power 
Has in his charge, with tempera awe to guide 
An old and haughty nation proud in arms : 
Where his fair offspring nurs'd in princely lore 
Are coming to attend their father's ilate, 
And new-entrufted fceptre ; but their way 
Liesihrough the perplex'd paths of this drear wood 
The nodding horror of whofe fhacly brows 
Threats the forlorn and wand'ring pafienger ; 
here their teader age might fuffer peril 

But that by qv.ick command from fov'reign Jove 
I was difpatch'd for their defence and guard j 
And liften why, for I will tell you now 
What never yet was heard in tale or fong, 
From old or modern bard, in hall or bower. 

Bacchus, that firft from out the purple grape 
Crufh'd the fweet poifon of mif-ufed wine, 
After the Tufcan mariners transform'd, 
Coafting the Tyrrhene's fhore, as the winds lifted,. 
On Circe's ifiand fell : (Who knows not Circe 
The daughter of the Sun ? whofe charmed cup 
Whoever tailed, loft his upright fhape, 
And downward fcil into a grovelling fwine) 
Tliis nymph that gaz'd upon his cluflring locks, 
With ivy berries wrcath'd, and his blythe youth, 
Had by him, e'er he parted thence, a ion 
Much like his father, but his mother more, 
Whom therefore fhe brought up, and Comus 


Who ripe, and frolic of his full grown age, 
Roving the Celtic and Iberian field, 
At laft betakes him to this ominous wood, 
And in thick flicker of black fhades imbower'd 
Excels his mother at her mighty art, 
Offering to every weary traveller 
His orient liquor in a cryilal glafs, 
To quench the drouth of Phoebus, which as they 


(For moft do tafte thro' fond intemp'rate thirft) 
Soon as the potion works, their human count'- 


Th' exprefs refemblance of the gods, is chang'd 
Into fome brutifh form of wolf, or bear, 
Or ounce, or tiger, hog, or bearded goat, 
All other parts remaining as they were ; 
And they, fo perfect is their mifery, 
Not once perceive their foul disfigurement, 
But boaft themfelves more comely than before, 
And all their friends and native home forget, 
To roll with pleafure in a fenfual fty. 
Therefore, when any favour'd of high Jove 
Chances to pafa through this advent'rous glade. 


C O M U S. 

Swift as the fparkle of a glancing ftar 

I fhoot from Heav'n to give him fafe convoy, 

As now I do : but firft I muft put off 

Thefe my iky robes, fpun out of Iris woof, 

And take the weeds and likenefs of a fvvain, 

That to the fervice of this houfe belongs, 

"Who with his foft pipe, and fmooth-dittied fong, 

Well knows to ftill the wild winds when they roar, 

And hufh the waving woods ; nor of lefs faith, 

And in this office of his mountain watch, 

Likelieft, and neareft to the prefent aid 

Of this occafion. But I hear the tread 

Of hateful fteps. I muft be viewlefs now. 

COMUS enters with a charming rod in one hand, his 
glafs in the other ; ivith him a rout of monjlers, 
headed like fimdry forts of "wild beajls^ but other- 
wife like men and -women, their apparel glittering ; 
they come in making a riotous and unruly no$/e, 
ivith torches in their hands. 

COM. The ftar that bids the fhepherd fold, 
Now the top of Heav'n doth hold, 
And the gilded ear of Day, 
His glowing axle doth allay 
In the fteep Atlantic ftream, 
And the flope fun his upward beam 
Shoots againft the duflcy pole, 
Pacing toward the other goal 
Of his chamber in the Eaft, 
Meanwhile, welcome Joy and Feaft, 
Midnight Shout and Revelry, 
Tipfy, Dance, and Jollity. 
Braid your locks with roiy twine, 
Dropping odours, dropping wine* 
Rigour now is gone to bed, 
And Advice with fcrupulous head, 
Strict Age, and four feverity, 
With their grave faws in flumber lie. 
We that are of purer fire 
Imitate the ftarry quire, 
Who in their nightly watchful fpheres, 
Lead in fvvift round the months and years. 
The founds and feas, with all their finny drove, 
Now to the moon in wavering morrice move ; 
And on the tawny fands and {helves 
Trip the pert fairies and the dapper elves. 
By dimpled brook and fountain brim, 
The wood-nymphs deck'd with daifies trim, 
Their merry wakes and paftimes keep : 
What hath night to do with fleep? 
Night hath better fweets to prove, 
Venus who wakes, and wakens Love. 
Come let us onr rites begin, 
'Tis only day-light that makes fin, 
Which thefe dun fhades will ne'er report. 
Hail goddefs of nocturnal fport, 
Dark-veil'd Gotytto, t' whom the fecret flame 
Of midnight-torches burns ; myfterious dame, 
That ne'er art call'd, but when the dragon womb 
Of Stygian darknefs fpits her thickeft gloom, 
And makes one blot of all the air, 
Stay thy cloudy ebon chair. 
Wherein thou rid'ft with Hecat', and befriend 
Us thy vow'd priefts, till utmoft end 

Of all thy dues be done, and none left out, 

E'er the blabbing eaftern fcout, 

The nice morn on the Indian fteep 

From her cabin'd loophole peep, 

And to the tell-tale fun defcry 

Our conceal'd folemnity. 

Come, knit hands, and beat the ground 

In a light fantaftic round. 

The Mcafure. 

Break off, break off, I feel the different pace 
Of ibme chafte footing near about this ground. 
Run to your fhrouds, within thefe brakes and 

trees ; 

Our number may affright : fome v'rgin fure 
(For fo 1 can diitinguifh by mine art) 
Benighted in thefe woods. Now to my charms, 
And to my wily trains, I fhall e'er long 
Be well ftock'd with as fair a herd as graz'd 
About my mother Circe. Thus I hurl 
My dazzling fpells into the fpungy air, 
Of power to cheat the eye with blear illufion, 
And give it falfe prefentments, left the place 
And my quaint habits breed aftonifhment, 
And put the damfel to fufpicious flight, 
Which muft not be ; for that's againft my courfe; 
I under fair pretence of friendly ends, 
And well plac'd words of glozing courtefy, 
Baited with realbns not unplaufible, 
Wind me into the eafy hearted man, 
And hug him into fnares. When once her eye 
Hath met the virtue of this magic duft, 
I fhall appear fome harmleis villager, 
Whom thrift keeps up about his country gear, 
But here fhe comes ; I fairly ftep afide, 
And hearken, if I may, her buiinefs here. 

The LADY enters. 

This way the noife was, if mine ear be true, 

My beft guide now ; methought it was the found 

Of riot and ill-managed merriment, 

Such as the jocund flute, or gamefome pipe 

Stirs up among the loofe unletter'd hinds, 

When for their teeming flocks, and granges full, 

In wanton dance they praife the bounteous Pan, 

And thank the God amifs. I fhould be loath 

To meet rudenefs, and fwill'd infolence 

Of fuch late waffailers ; yet oh where elfe 

Shall I inform my unacquainted feet 

In the blind mazes of this tangled wood ? 

My brothers, when they faw me wearied out 

With this long way, revolving here to lodge 

Under the fpreading favour of thefe pines, 

Stept, as they faid, to the next thicket fide 

To bring me berries, or fuch cooling fruit , 

As the kind hofpitable woods provide. 

They left me then, wheti the grey hooded Even, 

Dike a fad votarift in palmer's weed, 

Rofe from the hindmoft wheels of Phoebus' wain. 

But where they are, and why they came not back, 

Is now the labour of my thought ; 'tis likelieft 

They had engag'd their wand'ring fteps too far, 

And envious darknefs, e'er they could return* 

e o M u s. 

1rtad ftole them from nie ; elfe, O thievifh Night, 
Why wouldft thou, but for fbme felonious end, 
In thy dark lantern thus clofe up the ftars, 
That Nature hung in Heav'n, and fill'd their 
With everlafting oil, to give due light [lamps 
To the mifled and lonely traveller ? 
This is the place, as well as I may guefs, 
Whence even now the tumult of loud Mirth 
Was rife and perfect in my IhVning ear ; 
Yet nought but tingle darknefs do I find. 
What might this be ? A thoufand fantafies 
Begin to throng into my memory, 
Of calling fhapes, and beck'ning fhadows dire, 
And airy tongues, that fyllable men's names 
On fands, and fhores, and defert wildernefTes. 
Thefe thoughts may ftartle well, hut not aftound 
The virtuous mind, that ever walks attended 
By a ftrong fiding champion, Conicicnce. 

welcome pure-ey'd Faith, white-handed Hope, 
Thou hovering Angel, girt with golden wings, 
And thou, unblemifh'd form of Chaftity ; 

1 fee ye viiibly, and now "believe 

That he, the Supreme Good, t' whom all things ill 

Are but as flaviih officers of vengeance, 

Would fend a glift'ring guardian, if need were 

To keep my life and honour unailail'd. 

Was I deceiv'd, or did a fable cloud 

Turn forth her filver lining on the night ? 

I did not err ; there does a fable bloud 

Turn forth her filver ling on the sight, 

And cafts a gleam over this tufted grove/ 

I cannot hallow to my brothers, but 

Such noife as I can make to be heard fartheft 

I'll venture ; for my new enliven'd fpirits 

Prompt me ; and they perhaps are not far off. 

SWEET Echo, fweeteft nymph, that liv'ft unfeen 

Within thy airy fhell, 
By flow Meander's margent green, 
And in the violet embroider'd vale, 

Where the love-born nightingale 
Nightly to thee her fad fong mourneth well J 
Canft thou not tell me of a gentle pair 
That likeft thy Narciffus are ? 

O if thou have 
Hid them in fome fldw'ry cave, 

Tell me but whtfre, 

Sweet queen of Parly, daughter of the Sphere, 
So may'ft thou be tranfiated to the flcies, 
And give refounding grace to all Heav'n's har 

COM. Can any mortal, mixture of earth's mould, 
Breathe fuch divine enchanting ravifhment ? 
-Sure fomething holy lodges in that breaft, 
And with thefe raptures moves the vocal air 
To teftify his hidden refidence : 
How fweetly did they float upon the wings 

)f filence, through the empty vaulted night, 
At every fall fmoothing the raven down 

)f darknefs till it fmil'd ! I have oft heard 
My wother Circe, with the Sirens three, 
Amidft the flow'ry-kirtled Naiades 
Culling their potent herbs, and baleful drugs, 

Who as they fung, would take the prifon'd foul< 

And lap it in Elyfium ; Scylla wept, 

And chid her barking waves into attention, 

And fell Charybdis murmur'd foft applaufe j 

Yet they in pleafing {lumber lull'd the fenfe, 

And in fwect madnefs robb'd it of itfelf ; 

But fuch a facred and home-felt delight, 

Such fober certainty of waking blifs, 

I never heard till now. I'll fpeak to her, 

And fhe (hall be my queen. Hail foreign wonder^ 

Whom certain thefe rough fhades did never breed/ 

Unlefs the goddefs that in rural fhrine 

Dwell'ft here with Pan, or Sylvan, by bleft fong 

Forbidding every bleak unkindly fog 

To touch the profp'rous growth of this tall wood* 

LA. Nay, gentle fhepherd, ill is loft that praife 
That is addrefs'd to unattending ears ; 
Not any boaft of {kill, but extreme fhift 
How to regain my fever'd company, 
Compeli'd me to awake the courteous Echo 
To give me anfwer from her moffy couch. 

COM. What chance, good Lady, hath bereft 
you thus ? 

LA. Dim darknefs and this leafy labyrinth. 

COM. Could that divide you from near-ufher- 
ing guides ? 

LA. They left me weary on a graffy turf. 

COM. By falfehood, or difcourtefy, or why ? 

LA. To feek i' th* valley fome cool friendly* 
fpring. [Lady ? 

COM. And left your fair fide all unguarded, 

LA. They were but twain, and purpos'd quick 
return. [them. 

COM. Perhaps forefblling Night prevented 

LA. How eaiy my misfortune is;to hit! [need? 

COM. Imports their lofs, befides the prefent 

LA. No lefs than if I fhould my brothers lofe. 

COM. Were they of manly prime, or youthful 
bloom ? 

LA. As fmooth as Hebe's their unrazor'd lips. 

COM. Two fuch I faw, what time the labour'd 
In his loofe traces from the furrow came, [ox 
And the fwinkt hedger at his fupper fat ; 
I faw them under a green mantling vine 
That crawls along the fide of yon fmall hill, 
Plucking ripe clufters from the tender {hoots;. 
Their port was more than human, as they flood ; 
I took it for a faery vifion 
Of fome gay creatures of the element, 
That in the colours of the rainbow live, 
And play i' th' plighted clouds. I was awe-ftruckj 
And as I paft I worfhipt ; if thofe you feek, 
It were a journey like the path to Heav'n, 
To help you find them. 

LA. Gentle Villager, 
What readieft way would bring me to the place.? 

COM. Due weft it rifes from this ihrubby point. 

LA. To find out that, good fhepherd, I fuppofcj 
In fuch a fcant allowance of ftar-light, 
Would over-tafk the beft land-pilot's art, 
Without the fure guefs of well pra&is'd feet. 

COM. I know each lane, and every alley greeny 
Dingle, or bufliy dell of this wild wood, 
And every boflty bourn from fide to fide, 
My daily walks and ancient neighbourhood J 


'C O M U S. 

And if your ftray-attendence be yet lodg'd, 
Or ihroud within thefe limits, I fhall know 
E'er morrow wake, or the low-roofted lark 
From her thatch'd pa,llat roufe ; if othervvife 
I can conduct you, Lady> to a low 
But loyal cottage, where you may be fafe 
Till further queft. 

LA. Shepherd, I take thy word, 
And truft thy honeft offer'd courtefy, 
Which oft is fooner found in lowly fheda 
With fmoky rafters, than in tap'ftry halls 
And courts of princes, where it firft was nam'd, 
And yet is moft pretended : in a place 
Lefs warranted than this, or lefs fecure, 
I cannot be, that I fhouldfear to change it. 
Eye me, blefl Providence, and fquare my trial 
To my proportion 'd ftrength. Shepherd, lead on. 

The ttvo BROTHERS. 

E. Buo. Unmuffle ye faint Stars, and thou fair 


That wont'ft to love the traveller's benizon, 
Stoop thy pale vifage through an amber cloud, 
And difmherit Chaos, that reigns here 
In double night of darknefs and of fhades ; 
Or if your influence be quite damm'd up 
With black ufurping mifts, fome gentle taper, 
Though a rufh candle from the wicker hole 
Of feme clay habitation, vifit us 
With thy long levell'd rule of ftreaming light, 
And thou fhalt be our ftar of Arcady, 
Or Tyrian Cynafure. 

Y. BRO. Or if our eyes 
Be barr'd that happinefs, might we but hear 
The folded flocks penn'd in their wattled cotes, 
Or found of paft'ral reed with oaten flops, 
Or whiftle from the lodge, or village cock 
Count the night watches to his feathery dames, 
'Twould be fome folace yet, Ibme little cheering 
In this elofe dungeon of innumerous boughs. 
But O that haplefs virgin, our loft fifter, 
Where may fhe wander now, whither betake her, 
From the chill dew, amongft rude burs and thiftles? 
Perhaps fome cold bank is her bolfter now, 
Or 'gainft the rugged bark of fome broad elm 
Leans her unpillow'd head fraught with fad fears. 
What if in wild amazement and affright, 
Or, while we fpeak, within the direful grafp 
Of favage hunger, or of favage heat ? 

E. BRO. Peace, Brother, be not over-exquifite 
To caft the fafhion of uncertain evils : 
For grant they be fo, while they reft unknown, 
What need a man foreftall his date of grief, 
And run to meet what he would moft avoid ? 
Or if they be but falfe alarms of fear, 
How bitter is fuch felf-delufion ? 
1 do not think my fifter fo to feek, 
Or fo unprincipled in Virtue's book, 
And the fweet peace that goodnefs bofoms ever, 
As that the fingle want of light and noife 
(Not being in danger, as I truft fhc is not) 
Could ftir the conftantmood of her calm thoughts, 
And put them into mifbecoming plight. 
Virtue could fee to do what Virtue would 

By her own radiant light, though fun and moon 
Were in the flat fea funk. And Wifdom's felf 
Oft feeks to fweet retired Solitude, 
Where with her beft nurfe Contemplation 
She plumes her feathers, and lets grow her wings,. 
That in the various buftle of refort 
Were all too ruffled, and fometimes impair'd. 
He that has light within his own clear breaft 
May fit i' th' centre, and enjoy bright day : 
But he that hides a dark foul, and foul thoughts. 
Benighted walks under the mid-day fun : 
Himfelf is his own dungeon, 

Y. BRO. 'Tis moft true, 
That mufing Meditation moft affecls 
The penfive fecrecy of defert cell, 
Far from the cheerful haunt of men and herds, 
And fits as fafe as in a fenate houfe ; 
For who would rob a hermit of his weeds, 
His few books, or his beads, or maple dilh, 
Or do his grey hairs any violence ? 
But Beauty, like the fair Hefperian tree 
Laden with blooming gold, had need the guard 
Of dragon-watch, with uninchanted eye, 
To fave her bloffoms, and defend her fruit 
From the rafii hand of bold Incontinence. 
You may as well fprcad out the unfunn'd heaps 
Of miiers' treafure by an outlaw's den, 
And tell me it is fafe, as bid me hope 
Danger will wink on Opportunity, 
And let a fingle helplefs maiden pafs 
Uninjur'd in this wild furrounding wafte. 
Of night or lonelinefs it recks me not ; 
I fear the dread events that dog them both, 
Left fome ill-greeting touch attempt the perfoa 
Of our unowned fifter. 

E. BRO. I do not, Brother, 
Infer, as if I thought my fifter's ftate 
Secure without all doubt, or controverfy r 
Yet where an equal poife of hope and fear 
Does arbitrate th' event, my nature is 
That I incline to hope, rather than fear, 
And gladly banifh fquint Sufpicion. 
My fifter is not fo defencelels left 
As you imagine ; fhe has a hidden ftrength 
Which you remember not. 

Y. BRO. What hidden ftrength, 
Unlefs the ftrength of Heav'n, if you mean that ? 
E. BRO. I mean that too, but yet a hidden 


Which if Heav'n gave it, may be term'd her own, 
'Tis Chaftity, my brother, Chaftity : 
She that has that, is clad in complete fteel, 
And like a quiver'd nymph with arrows keen 
May trace huge forefts, and unharbour'd heaths, 
Infamous hills and fandy perilous wilds, 
Where through the facred rays of Chaftity,; 
No favage fierce, bandite, or mountaineer 
Will dare to foil her virgin purity : 
Yea there, where very defolation dwells, 
By grots, and caverns fhagg'd with horrid fhades, 
She may pafs on with unblench'd majefty, 
Be it not done in pride, or in prefumption 
Some fay no evil thing that walks by night, 
In fog or fire, by lake or moorifh fen, 
Blue mgagcr hag, or ftubborn unlaid ghoft, 

That breaks his magic chains at curfeu time, 
No goblin, or fwart fairy of the mine 
Hath hurtful power o'er true virginity. 
Do ye believe me yet, or {hall I call 
Antiquity from the old fchools of Greece 
To teftify the arms of Chaftity ? 
Hence had the huntrcfs Dhn her dread bow, 
Fair filver-fhafted queen, for ever chafte, 
Wherewith file tam'd the brindcd lionefs 
And fpotted mountain pard, but fet at nought 
The frivolous bolt of Cupid ; gods and men 
Fear'd her ftern frown, and {he was Queen o' t 


What was that fnaky-headed Gorgon fhield, 
That wife Minerva wore, unconquer'd virgin, 
Wherewith ihe freez'd her foes to congeal'd fton 
But rigid looks of chafte aufterity, . 
And noble grace that daih'd brute violence 
With fudden adoration, and blank awe ? 
So dear to Heav'n is faintly Chaftity, 
That when a foul is found fmcerely fo, 
A thoufand liveried angels lacky her, 
Driving far off each thing of fin and guilt, 
And in clear dream, and folemn vifion, 
Tell her of things that no grofs ear can hear, 
Till oft converfe with heav'nly habitants 
Begin to caft a beam on th' outward fliape, 
The unpolluted temple of the mind, 
And turns it by degrees to the foul's eflence, 
Till all be made immortal : but when JLuft, 
By unchafte looks, loofe geftures, and foul talk, 
But moft by leud and lavifh acl: of fin, 
l^ets in Defilement to the inward parts, 
The foul grows clotted by contagion, 
Imbodies and imbrutes, till {he quite lofc 
The divine property of her firft being. 
Such are thofe thick and gloomy fhadows damp, 
Oft feen in charnel vaults and fepulchres, 
Ling'ring and fitting by a new-made grave, 
As loath to leave the body that it lov'd, 
And link'd itfelf by carnal fenfuality 
To a degenerate and degraded ftate. 

Y. BRO. How charming is divine philofophy ? 
Not harfh and crabbed, as dull fools fuppofe/ 
But mufical as is Apollo's lute. 
And a perpetual feaft of nectar'd fweets, 
Where no crude furfeit reigns. 

E. BRO. Lift, lift, I hear 
Some far off hallow break the filent air. 

Y; BRO. Methought fd too ; what fhould it be ? 
E. BRO. For certain, 

Either fome one like us night-founder'd here, 
Or elfe fome neighbour wood-man or at worft, 
Some roving robber calling to his fellows. 
Y. BRO. Heav'n keep my fifter. Again, agai 

and near ; 
Bcft draw, and ftand upon our guard. 

E. BRO. I'll hallow; 
f he be friendly, he comes well ; if not, 
Jefence is a good caufe, and Heav'n be for us. 

M U S. i^f 

Sri. What voice is that ? my young Lord? fpeak 


Y. BRO. Obrother, 'tis my father's fliepherd,fure, 
E. BRO. Thyrfis ? whofe artful ftrains have oft 


The huddling brook to hear his madrigal, 
And fweeten'd every mufkrofe of the dale. 
How cam'ft thou here, good Swain ? hath any ram 
SJipt from the fold, or young kid loft his dam, 
Or {haggling weather the pent flock forfook ? 
How couldft thou find this dark fequefter'd nook ? 
Sri. O my lov'd mailer's heir, and his next jo.y, 
I came not here on fuch a trivial toy 
As a ffray'd ewe, or to purfue the ftealth 
Of pilfering wolf ; not all the fleecy wealth 
That doth enrich thefe downs, is worth a thought 
To this my errand, and the care it brought. 
But, O my virgin Lady, where is fhe ? 
How chance (he is not in your company ? 

E. BRO. To tell thee fadly, Shepherd, without 
3r our neglect, we loft her as we came, [blame, 
Si'i. Ay me unhappy ! then my fears are true. 
E. BRO. What fears good Thyrfis? Prythee 

briefly {hew. 

Si'i. I'll tell you ; 'tis not vain or fabulous; 
Though fo efleem'd by (hallow ignorance) 
What the f;tge poets, taught by th' heav'nly Mufe,- 
tory'd of old in high immortal verfe, 
Of dire chimeras and inchanteoVifies, 

rifted rocks whofe entrance leads to Hell ; 
or fuch there be, but unbelief is blind. 
Within the navel of this hideous wood, 
rnmur'd in cyprefs fliades a forcerer dwells, 
)f Bacchus and of Circe born, great Comus, 
Deep flcill'd in all his mother's witcheries, 
nd here to every thirfty wanderer 
y fly enticement gives his baneful cup, 
Vith many murmurs mix'd, whofe p leafing poifoti 
'he vifage quite transforms of him that drinks, 
nd the inglorious likenefs of a bead 
xes inftead, unmouldirig Reafon's mintage 
larader'd in the face ; this have I learnt 
"ending my flocks hard by i' th' hilly crofts 
lat brow this bottom glade, whence night by 

le and his monftrous rout are heard to howl 

ke ftabled wolves, or tigers at their prey, 
)oing abhorred rites to Hecate 

their obfcured haunts of inmoft bbwers. 
r et have they many baits, and guileful fpells, 
'o inveigle and invite th' unwary fenfe 

The attendant SPIRIT hallted like afapbcrd. 

"hat hallow I fliould know ; what are you ? fpeak; 
'om; not too near, you fall on iron (lakes cite. 

them thSt pafs unweeting by the way. 
lis evening late, by then the chewing flockfc 
iad ta'en their fupper On the favory herb 
Of knot-gf afs dew-befprent, and were in fold^ 
I fat me down to watch upon a bank 
With ivy canopied, and interwove 
With flanting honey-fuckle, and began, 
Wrapt in a pleafing fit of melancholy, 
To meditate my rural minftrelfy, 
Till Fancy had her fill, but e'er a clofe 
The wonted roar was up amid'ft the woods, 
And fill'd the air with barbarous diffonance ; 
At which I ceas'd, and liilen'd them a while/ 
Till an unufual (lop of i'udden filence 

C O M S. 

Gave refpite to the ctfoufy flighted fleccls , 
That draw the litter of clofe-curtain'd Sleep ; 
At laft a foft and folenin breathing found 
"Rofe like a ftream of rich diftill'd perfumes, 
And ftole upon the air, that even Silence 
Was took e'er fhe was ware, and wifh'd fhe might 
Deny her nature, and be never more 
Still to be fo difplac'd. I was all ear, 
And took in ftrains that might create a foul 
Under the ribs of Death : but O e'er long 
Too well I did perceive it was the voice 
Of my moft hononr'd Lady, your dear fifter. 
Amaz'd I ftood, harrow'd with grief and fear, 
And O poor haplefs nightingale thought I, 
How fvVeet thou fi'ng'ft, how near the deadly fnare ! 
Then down the lawns I ran with headlong hufte, 
Through paths and turnings often trod by day, 
Till guided by mine ear I found the place, 
Where that damn'd wizard hid in fly difguife 
(For fo by certain figns I knew) had met 
Already, e'er my beft fpeed could prevent, 
The aidlefs innocent Lady his wifh'd prey, 
Who gently afk'd if he had feen fuch two, 
Suppofmg him fome neighbour villager. 
Longer I durft not ftay, but foon I guefs'd 
Ye were the two fhe meant ; with that I fprung 
Into fwift flight, till I had found you here, 
But further know I not. 

Y. BRO; O night and fhades, 
How are ye join'd with Hell in triple knot, 
Againft th unarmed weaknefs of one virgin 
Alone, and helplefs ! Is this the confidence 
Y'.iti gave me Brother ? 

E. BRO. Yes, and keep it ftill ; 
Lean on it fafely ; not a period 
Shall be unfaid for me : againft the threats 
Of Malice t>r of Sorcery, or that power 
Which erring men call Chance ; this I hold firm, 
"Virtue may be affail'd, but never hurt ; 
Surpris'd by unjnft force but not mthrall'd; 
Yea even that which Mifchief meant moft harm, 
Shall in the happy trial prove moft glory ; 
But evil on itfelf fhall back recoil, 
And mix no more with goodhefs, when at laft 
Gather'd like fcum, and fettled to itfelf, 
It fhall be in eternal reftlefs change, 
Self-fed, and felf-confumed : if this fail, 
The pillar'd firmament is rottennefs, 
And earth's bafe built on ftubble. But come, let's 


-Againft th' oppofing will and arm of Heav'n 
!May never this juft fword be lifted up ; 
But for that damn'd Magician, let him be girt 
With all the grifly legions that troop 
Under the footy flag of Akheron, 
Harpies and Hydras, or all the monftrous forms 
'Twixt Africa and Ind, I'll find him out, 
And force him to reftore his purchafe back, 
Or drag him by the curls to a foul death, 
Curs'd as his life. 

SPI. Alas ! good vent'rous Youth, 
1 love thy courage yet, and bold emprife ; 
But here thy fword can do thee little ftead ; 
Far other arms, and other weapons muft 
Be thofc that quell the might of hellifh charms : 

He with his bare wand can unthread thy joial9 t 
And crumble all thy finews. 

E. BRO. Why, prythce, Shepherd, 
How durft thou then thyfelf approach fo near, 
As to make this relation ? 

SPI. Care and utmoft fhifts 
How to fecure the Lady from furprizal, 
Brought to my mind a certain fhepherd lad, 
Of fmall regard to fee to, yet we'l fkill'd 
In every virtuous plant, and healing herb, 
That fpreads her verdant leaf to th' morning ray : 
He lovM me well, and oft would beg me faig, 
Which when I did, he on the tender grafs 
Would'ft fit, and hearken even to extafy, 
And in requital ope his leathern fcrip, 
And fliew me fimples of a thoufand names, 
Telling their ftrange and vigorous faculties : 
Among the reft a fmall unfight.y root, 
But of divine effect, he culJ'd me out ; 
The leaf was darkifh, and had prickles on it, 
But in another country, as he faid, 
Bore a bright golden flower, but not in this foil : 
Unknown, and like efteem'd, and the dull fwaiii 
Treads on it daily, with his clouted ftioon ; 
And yet more medicinal is it than that moly 
That Hermes once to wife Ulyffes gave ; 
He call'd it Hemony, and gave it me, 
And bade me keep it as of lov'reign ufe 
'Gainft all inchajitments, mildew, blaft, or damp, 
Or ghaftly furies' apparition. 
I purs'd it up, but little reck'ning made, 
Till now that this extremity compell'd : 
But now I find it true ; for by this means 
I knew the foul enchanter, though difguis'd, 
Enter'd the very Kme- twigs of his fpells, 
And yet came off: if you have this about you, 
(As I will give you when we go) you may 
Boldly affault the Necromancer's hall ; 
Where if he be, with dauntlefs hardihood, 
And brandifh'd blade, rufh on him, break his 


And fhed the lufcious liquor on the ground, 
But feize his wand ; though he and hiscurs'd crew- 
Fierce fign of battle make, and menace high, 
Or like the fons of Vulcan vomit fmoke, 
Yet will they foon retire, if he but fnriuk. 

E. BK.O. Thyrfis, lead on apace, I'll follow thec, 
And fome good angel bear a fhield before us. 

The Scene changes to a Jlately palace, fet out ivitb all 
manner of delicioufnefs : foft mujtc^ tables fpread 
ivith all dainties. COMCIS appears 'with hit rab 
ble, and the LADY fet in an incbanted chair ^ t 
ivhom he offers his glafs , and -which Jbe puts 6y, and 
goes about to rife. 
COM. Nay, lady, fit ; if I but wave this wand, 

Your nerves are all chain' d up in alabafter, 

And you a ftatue, or as Daphne was 

Root-bound, that fled Apollo. 
LA. Fool, do not boaft, 

Thou canft not touch the freedom of my mind, 

With all thy charms, although this corporal rind 

Thou haft immanacl'd, while Heav'n fees good. 

COM. Why are you vext, lady ? why do you 
; frown? 

Tfcre dwell no frowns, nor anger; from thefe 
Sorrow flies far : fee here be all the pleafures [gates 
That Fancy can beget on youthful thoughts, 
When the frefh blood grows lively, and returns 
Brifk as the April buds in primrofe-feafon. 
And firft behold this cordial julep here, 
That flames and dances. in his cryftal bounds, 
With fpi'rits of balm, and fragrant fyrups mix'd, 
Not that Nepenthes, which the wife of Thone, 
In Egypt gave to Jove-boan Helena, 
k of fuch .power to ftir up joy as this, 
To life fo friendly, or fo cool to thirft. 
Why fhould you be fo cruel to yourfelf, 
And to thofe dainty limbs which nature lent 
For gentle ufage, and foft delicacy ? 
But you invert the covenants of her truft, 
And harfhly deal like an ill borrower 
With that which you receivM on other terms, 
Scorning the unexempt coitdstion 
By which all mortal frailty mi; ft fubfift, 
Refrtfhment after toil, cafe after pain, 
That have been tir'd all tlay withouc repaft, 
And timely reft, .have wanted ; but, fair Virgin, 
This will reftore all foon. 

LA. 'Twill not, faife traitor, 
'Twill not reftore the truth and honefly 
That thou haft baiiifh'd from thy tongue with Ites. 
Was this the cottage, and thu- fafe abode 
Thou toklft me of ? What grim -afue&s are thefe, 
Thefe ugiy headed monfters .' Mercy guai d me 1 
Hence with thy brew'd inchantments, foul de- 


Haft thou betray 'd my credulous innocence 
With vifor'd falfehood, and bafe forgery ? 
And would' ft thou feek a^ain to trap me here 
With liquorilh baits fit to infnare a brute f 
Were it a draft for Juno when fhe banquets, 
1 would not tafte thy treasonous offer; none 
But fuch as are good men can give good things, 
.And that which is not good, is not delicious 
To a well-govern'd and wife appetite. 

COM. O foolifhnefs of men ! that lend their 
To thofe budge dodlors of the ttoic fur, [ears 
And fetch their precepts from the Cynk tub, 
Praifmg the lean and fallow abftinence. 
Wherefore did Nature pour her bounties forth 
With fuch a full and un withdrawing hand, 
Covering the earth with odours, fruits, and 


Thronging the feas with fpawn innumerable, 
But all to pleafe, and fate the curious tafte ? . 
And ftt to work millions of fpinning worms, 
That in their green ihops weave the fmooth-hair'd 


To deck her fons, and that no corner might 
By vacant of her plenty, in her own loins 
he hutch't th' all worftiip't ore, and precious 
To ftore her children with : if all the world [gems 
Should in a pet of temp'rance feed on pulfe, 
Drink the clear ftream, and nothing wear but 

Th' All-giver would be unthank'd, would be un- 


Not half his riches known, and yet defpis'd, 
And we fliould fcrve him as a grudging matter, 

C O M U S. 

As a penurious niggard of his wealth, 
And live like Nature's baftards, not her fons, 
Who would be quite furcharg'd with her own 
And ftrangled with her watte fertility, [weight, 
Th* earth cumber'd, and the wing d air darkt 

with plumes, 

The herds would over-multitude their lords ; 
The fca o'erfraught would fwell ;and th' uafought 


Would fo imblaze the forehead of the Deep, 
Awl fo beflud with ftars, that they below 
Would grow inur'd to light, and come at laft 
To gaze upon the fan with ihamelefs brows. 
Lift, lady, be not coy, and be not cosen'd 
With that fame vaunted name Virginity. 
Beauty is Nature's coin, muft not be horded, 
But muft be current, and the good thereof 
Confiils in mutual and partaken blcfs, 
Unfavory in th' enjoyment of itfelf ; 
If you let flip time, like a neglected rofe 
It. withers on the ftalk with languiih'd head. 
Beauty is Nature's brag, and muft be fhewn 
In courts, in feafts, and high folemnities, 
Where molt may wonder at the workman- 


It is for homely features to keep home ; 
They had their name thence ; coarfe com 

And cheeks of forry grain, will ferve to ply 
The fampler, and to teafe the houfewife's wool. 
What need a vermeil tinclur'd lip for that, 
Love-darting eye>, or trelfes like the Morn ? 
There was another meaning in thefe gifts, 
Think what, and be advis'd, you are but young 


LA. I had not thought to have unlock'd my lip 
In this un'hallow'd air, but that this juggler 
Would think to charm my judgment, as mine 


Obtruding falfe rules, prankt in Reafon's garb. 
I hate, when Vice can bolt her arguments, 
And virtue has no tongue to check her pride. 
In\poftor, do not charge moft innocent Nature, 
As i file would her children fhould be riotous 
With her abundance ; fhe, good catcrefs 
Means her provifion only to the good, 
That live according to her fober laws, 
And holy dictate ot fpare Temperance : 
If every juft man, that now pines with want, 
Had but a moderate and befeeming mare 
Of that which lewdly-pamper'd luxury 
Now heaps upon feme few with vaift excefs, 
Nature's full bleffings would be well difpens'd 
In unfuperfluous even proportion, 
And fhe no whit incumber'd with her ftore, 
And then the giver would be better ^hank'd, 
His praife due paid ; for fwinifh gluttony 
Ne'er looks to Heav'n amidft his gorgeous feaft, 
But with befotted bafe ingratitude 
Crams, and blafphemes his feeder. Shall I go 


Or have I faid enough ? To him that dares 
Arm his profane tongue with contemptuous 
Againft the fun-clad pow'r of Charity, [words 4 
Fain would I ibmething fay, yet to what end i! 

c o M u s. 

Thou haft nor ear, nor foul to apprehend 

The fublime notion, and high myftei y, 

That muft be utter'd to unfuld the fage 

And ferious doctrine of Virginity, 

And thou art worthy that thou fhouldft not know 

More happinefs than this thy prefent lor. 

Enjoy your dear wit, and gay rhetoric, 

That hath fo well been taught her dazzling fence, 

Thou art not fit to hear thyfelf convinc'd ; 

Yet ihould I try, the uncontrouled worth 

Of this pure caufe would kindle my rapt fpjrits 

To fuch a flame of facred vehemence, 

That dumb things would be mov'd to fympa- 

And the brute earth would lend her nerves, and 

- fhake, 

Till all thy magic ftruclures rear'd fo high, 
Were fhatter'd into heaps o'er thy falfe head. 
CM. She fables not; I feel that I do fear 
Her words fet off by fome fupericr power ; 
And though not mortal, yet a cold fhudd'ring 


Dips me all o'er, as when the wrath of Jove 
Speaks thunder, and the chains of Erebu* 
To fome of Saturn's crew. I muft diflemble, 
And try her yet more ftrongly. Come, no more, 
This is mere moral babble, and direct 
Againft the canon laws of our foundation ; 
I muft not fuffer this, yet 'tis but the lees 
And fettlings of a melancholy blood : 
But this will cure all ftrait ; one fip of this 
"Will bathe the drooping fpirits in delight 
Beyond the blifs of dreams. Be wife, and tafte. 

jTbe BROTHERS rujb in ivith ftuords dratvn, ivrejl 
his glafs out of his ha::d, and break it again j} the 
ground ; his rout make [ign of re/tJJance, but are 
all driven in i the attendent SIM KIT comes in. 

Sri. What, have you let the falfe inchanter 

fcape I 

P ye miftook, ye fhould have fnatch'd his wand, 
And bound him faft ; without his rod revers'd, 
And backward mutters of diffevering power, 
We cannot free the lady that fits here, 
In ftony fetters fiv'd, and motionlefs : 
Vet ftay, be not difturbd j now I bethink me, 
Some other means I have, which may be us'd, 
Which once of Meliboeus old 1 learnt, 
The footheft fhepherd that e'er pip'd on plains. 

There is a gentle nymph not far from 

That with moift curb fways the fmooth Sevtrn 


Sabrina is her name, a virgin pure ; 
Whilome fhe Avas the daughter of Locrine, 
That had the fceptre from his father Brute. 
.She, guiltlefs damfel, fjy'ing the mad purfuit 
Of her enraged ftejpdame Guenaolen, 
Commended her fair innocence to the flood, 
That ftay'd her flight with his crofs-flowing 


Tke water-nymphs that in the bottom play'd, 
;Held up their pearled wrifts, and took her jn 
Bearing her ftrait to aged Ncreus' 'hall, 

Who, piteous of her woes, rear'd i her lank head, 

And gave her to his daughters to imbathe 

In nectar'd lavers ftrow'd with afphodil, 

And through the porch and inlet of each fenfe 

Dropt in ambrofial oils, till ihe reviv'd, 

Ard underwent a quick immortal change, 

Made Goddefs of the river ; ftill fhe retains 

Her maiden gentlenefs, and oft at eve 

Vifits rhe herds along the twilight meadows, 

Helping all urchin blaft, and ill-luck figns 

That the flirewd medling elf delights to 


Which fhe with precious vial'd liquors heals ; 
For which the Ihepherds at their feftivals 
Carol her goodncfs loud in ruftic lays, 
And throw fweet garland wreaths into her ftream 
Of pancies, pinks, and gaudy daffodils. 
And, as the old fwain faid, Ihe can unlock 
The clafping charm, and thaw the numbing fpell, 
If fhe be right invok'd, in warbled fong, 
For maidenhood fhe loves, and will be Iwift 
To aid a virgin, fuch as washerfelf, 
In hard-befetting need ; this will I try, 
And add the power of fome adjuring verfe. 


SABRINA fair, 

Liften where thou art fitting 
Under the glaffy, cool, tranflucent wave, 

In twilled braids of lilies knitting 
The loofe train of thy amber-dropping hair ; 

Liften, fcr dear Honour's fake, 

Goddefs of the Silver lake. 

Liften and fave ; 
JLiften and appear to us, 

In name of great Oceanus ; '. 

By th' earth-fhaking Neptune's mace, 
And Tethys' grave majeftic pace ; 
By hoary Nereus' wrinkled look, 
And the Carpathian wifard's hook ; 
By fcaly Triton's winding fhell, 
And old footh-faying Glaucus' fpell ; 
By Leucothea's lovely hands, 
\nd her fon that rules the ftrands ; 
By Thetis' tiniel-flipper'd feet, 
And the fongs of Sirens fweet ; 
By dead Parthenope's dear tomb, 
And fair Ligea's golden comb, 
Wherewith fhe fits on diamond rocks, 
Sleeking her foft alluring locks ; 
By all the nymphs that nightly dance 
Upon thy ftreams, with wily glance; 
Rife, rife, and heave thy roly head 
From thy coral-paven bed, 
And bridle in thy headlong wave, 
Till thou our fummons anfwer'd have. 
.Liften and fave. 

SABRINA ryes, attended ly "water-nymphs^ and 

BY the rufhy-fringed bank, 
Where gtbws the willow and the ofier dank, 
My Hiding chariot ft ays, 


Thick fet with agat, and the az'u'rn fiieen 
Of turkis blue, and emrald green, 

That in the channel ftrays ; 
Whilft from off the waters fleet 
Thus I fet my printlefs feet 
O'er the co\v flips velvet head, 
That bends not as I tread ; 
Gentle Swain, at thy recjuelt 

I am here. 
SPI. Goddefsdear, 

We implore thy powerful hand 

To undo the charmed band 

Of true Virgin here diftreft, 

Through the force, and through the wile 

Of unblefl inchanter vile. 

SAB. Shepherd, 'tis my office befl 

To help infnared chaftity : 

Brighteft Lady look on me ; 

Thus I fprinkle on thy breaft 

Drops that from my fountain pure 

I have kept of precious cure, 

Thrice upon thy fingers' tip, 

Thrice upon thy rubied lip ; 

Next this marble-venom'd feat, 

Smear'd with gums of glutenous heat, 

I touch with chafte palms moift and cold : 

Now the Ipell hath loft his hold ; 

And I muft hade e'er morning hour 

To wait on Amphitrite's bower, 

,SABR.INA defctnds^ and the LADY rifts out of her feat. 

SPI. Virgin, daughter of Locrine 
Sprung from old Anchifes' line, 
May thy brimmed waves for this 
Their full tribute never mifs 
From a thoufand petty rills, 
That tumble down the fnowy hills : 
Summer drouth, or linged air 
Never fcorch thy trefles fair, 
Nor wet October's torrent flood 
Thy molten chryftal fill with mud ; 
May thy billows roll alhore 
The beryl, and the golden ore ; 
May thy lofty head be crown" d 
With many a tower and rerras round, 
And here and there thy banks upon 
With groves of myrrhe, and cinnamon. 

Come, Lady, while heav'n lends us grace, 
Let us fly this curfed place, 
Left the Sorcerer us entice 
With fome other new device. 
Not a wafte, or needlefs found, 
Till we come to holier ground ; 
I fliall be your faithful guide 
Through this gloomy covert wide, 
And not many furlongs thence 
Is your father's refidence, 
Where this night are met in ftate 
Many a friend to jjratulate 
His wifh'd prefence, and befide 
All the fwans that near abide, 
With jigs and rural dance refort ; 
We fliall catch them at their fport, 
And our fuddcn coming ther$ 

w .ii double at their mirth and cheer. 
Come let us hafte, the ftars grow high, 
But night fits monarch yet in the mid flcy ! 

Thefcene changes, frefenting Lud/tnv ttibn and the 
prefident's cajlle ; then come in country 'dancers, after 
them the attendant SPIRIT, ivilb the tiiio BRO 
THERS, and the LADY. 


SPI. BACK, Sheperds, back, enough your play 
Till next fun-fliint holiday ; 
Here be without duck or nod 
Other trippings to be trod 
Of lighter toes, and fuch court guife 
As Mercury did firft devife 
With the mincing Dryades 
On the lawns, and on the leas. 

This fecoiid fong prefents them to their father and 

NOBLE Lord, and Lady bright, 
I have brought you new delight, 
Here behold fo goodly grown 
Three fair branches of your own ; 
Heav'n hath timely try'd their youth, 
Their faith, their patience, and their truth, 
And lent them here through hard aflays 

With a crown of deathlefs praife, 

To triumph in victorious dance, 

O'erfenfual foily and intemperance. 

tfbe dances ended, ike SPIRIT epiloguizes. 

SPI. To the ocean now 1 fly, 
And thofe happy climes that lie 
Where Day never ftiuts his eye, 
Up iu the broad fields of the iky 
There I fuck the liquid air, 
All amidft the gardens fair 
Of Hefperus, and his daughters three, 
That fing about the golden tree : 
Along the crifped fhades and bowers 
Revels the fpruce and jocund Spring, 
The Graces, and the rofy-bofom'd Hours, 
Thither all their bounties bring ; 
That there eternal Summer dwells, 
And weft-winds with muflcy wing 
About the cedarn alleys fling 
Nard and Caflla's balmy fmells. 
Iris there with humid bow 
Waters the odorous banks, that blow 
Flowers of more mingled hue 
Than her purfled fcarf can Ihew, 
And drenches with Elyfian dew 
(Lift mortals, if your ears be true) 
Beds of hyacinth and rofes, 
Where young Adonis oft repofes, 
Waxing well of his deep wound 
In flumber foft, and on the ground 
Sadly fits th' Aflyrian queen ; 
But far above in fpanglcd flieen 
CelcIUal Cupid her fam'd fon advanc'd, 


C O M U 6. 

Holds her dear Pfyche fweet intranc'd, 
-After her wand'ring labours long, 
Till free confent the goads among 
JVlake her his eternal bride, 
And from her fair unfpotted fide 
Two blifsful twins are to be born, 
Youth and Joy ; fo Jove hath fworn. 
But now my tafk is fmoothly done, 
I can fly, or I can run 
Quickly' to the green earth's end. 

Where the bow'd welkin flow doth bend, 
.And from thence can foar as foon 
To the corners of the moon. 

Mortals that would follow me, 
Love Virtue, fhe alone is free, 
She can teach you how to climb 
Higher than the i'phery chime ; 
Or if Virtue feeble were, 
Jieav'n itfelf would ftoop to her. 


HENCE loathed Melancholy, 

Of Cerberus and blacked Midnight born, 
In Stygian cave forlorn 

Mong'ft horrid fhapes, and fhrieks, and fights 
Find out fome uncouth cell, [unholy, 

Where brooding Darknefs fpreads his jealous 
And the night raven fings ; [wings, 

There under ebon fhades and low brow'd rocks, 
As ragged as thy locks, 

In dark Cimerian defert ever dwell. 
But come, thou Goddefs fair and free, 
In Heav'n, ecleap'd Euphrofyne, 
And by men, heart-eafing Mirth, 
Whom lovely Venus at a birth 
With two filler Graces more 
To ivy-crowned Bacchus bore ; 
Or whether (as fome fages fing) 
The frolic wind that breathes the fpring, 
Zephyr with Aurora playing, 
As he met her once a-Maying, 
There on beds of violets blue, 
And frefh-blown roles wafh'd in dew, 
Fill'd her with thee a daughter fair, 
So buxom, blithe, and debonair. 
Hafte thee, Nymph, and bring with thec 
Jeft and youthful Jollity, 
Quips and Cranks, and wanton Wiles, 
Nods and Becks, and wreathed Smiles, 
Such as hang on Hebe's cheek, 
And love to live in dimple fleek ; 
Sport that wrinkled Care derides, 
And Laughter holding both his fides. 
Come, and trip it as you go 
On the light fantaftic toe, 
And in thy right hand lead with thee, 
The mountain nymph, fweet Liberty ; 
And if I give thee honour due, 
Mirth, admit me of thy crew 
To live with her, and live with thee, 
In unreproved pleafures free ; 
To hear the lark begin his flight, 
And fmging ftartle the dull night, 
From his watch-tower in the fkies, 
Till the dappled Dawn doth rife ; 
Then to come in fpite of Sorrow, 
And at my window bid good morrow, 
Through the fweet-briar, or the vine, 
Or the twifted eglantine : 
While the cock with lively din 
Scatters the rear of Darknefs thin, 

And to the ftack, or the barn-door, 

Stoutly ftruts his dames before ; 

Of lift'ning how the hounds and horn, 

Cheerly roufe the flumb'ring Morn, 

From the fide of fome hoar hill, 

Through the high wood echoing fhrill ; 

Some time walking not unfeen 

By hedge-row elms, on hillocks green, 

Right againft the eaftern gate, 

Where the great Sun begins his ftate, 

Rob'd in flames, and amber light, 

The clouds in thoufand liveries dight, 

While the plow-man near at hand 

Whiftltrs o'er the furrow'd land, 

And the milkmaid fingeth blithe, 

And the mower whets his fithe, 

And every fhepherd tells his tale 

Under the hawthorn in the dale. 

Strait mine eye hath caught new pleafures 

Whilft the landfkip round it meafures, 

Ruffet lawns, and fallows gray, 

Where the nibbling flocks do ftray, 

Mountains on whofe barren breaft 

The lab'ring clouds do often reft, 

Meadows trim with dailies pied, 

Shallow brooks and rivers wide. 

Towers and battlements it foes 

Bofom'd high in tufted trees, 

Where perhaps fome beauty lies, 

The Cynofure of nei'jhb'ring eyes. 

Hard by, a cottage chimney fmokes, 

From betwixt two aged oaks, 

Where Cordyon and Thyrfis met, 

Are at their favory dinner fet 

Of herbs, and other country mefles, 

Which the neat-handed Phyllis dreffcs ; 

And then in hafte her bower fhe leaves, 

With Theftylis to bind the fheaves ; 

Or if the earlier feafon lead 

To the tann'd haycock in the mead. 

Sometimes with fecure delight 

The upland hamlets will invite, 

When the merry bells ring round, 

And the jocund rebecs found 

To many a youth, and many a maid, 

Dancing in the chequer'd fhade ; 

And young and old come forth to play 

On a funfhine holy-day, 

Till the live-long day-light fail ; 

Then to the fpicy nut-brown ale, 


L * A L E G R O. 

With (lories told of many a feat, 
How fairy Mab the junkets eat, 
She was pinch'd, and pull'd fhe faid, 
And he by frier's lantern led, 
Tells how the drudging goblin fwet, 
To earn his cream-bowl duly fet, 
When in one night, e'er glimpfe of morn, 
His fhadowy flale hath threfh'd the corn 
That ten day-lab'rers could not end ; 
Then lies him down the lubbar fiend, 
And flretch'd out all the chimney's length, 
Balks at the fire his hairy ftrength, 
And crop full out of doors he flings, 
E'er the firft cock his matin rings. 
Thus done the tales, to bed they creep, 
By whifp'ring winds foon lull'd aileep. 
Towered cities pleafe us then, 
And the bufy hum of men, 
Where throngs of knights and barons bold 
In weeds of Peace high triumphs hold, 
With ftore of ladies, whofe bright eyes 
Rain influence, and judge the prize 
Of wit, or .arms, while both contend 
To win her grace, whom all commend. 
There let Hymen oft appear 
In faffron robe, with taper clear, 

And Pomp, and Feaft, and Revelry, 

With Mafic and antique Pageantry, 

Such fights as youthful poets dream, 

On fummer eves by haunted ilream. 

Then to the well-trod ftage anon, 

If Johnfon's learned fock be on, 

Of fweeteft Shakefpear, Fancy's child, 

Warble his native wood-notes wild. 

And ever againft eating cares, 

Lap me in foft Lydian airs, 

Married to immortal Verfe, 

Such as the meeting foul may pierce 

In notes with many a winding bout 

Of linked fweetnefs long drawn out, 

With wanton heed, and giddy cunning, 

The melting voice through mazes running;, 

Untwifting all the chains, that tie 

The hidden foul of harmony ; 

That Orpheus felf may heave his head 

From golden dumber on a bed 

Of heapt Elyfian flow'rs, and hear 

Such ftrains as would have won the cat 

Of Pluto, to have quite fet free 

His half regain'd Eurydice. 

Thefe delights, if thou canft give, 

Mirth, with thec I mean to live. 


HENCF, vain deluding Joys, 

The brood of Folly without father bred, 
How little you befted, 

Or fill the fixed mind with all your toys ? 
Dwell in fome idle brain, 

And fancies fond with gaudy fliapes poffefs, 
As thick and uumberlefs 

As the gay motes that people the fun-beams, 
Or likelieft hovering dreams 

The fickle penfioners of Morpheus' train. 
But hail thou Goddefs, fiige arid holy, 
Hail divineft Melancholy, 
Whofe faintly vifage is too bright 
To hit the fcnfe of Human fight, 
And therefore to our weaker view 
O'erlaid with black, ftaid Wifdom's hue ; 
Black, but fuch as in efteem 
Prince Memnon's fifter might befeem, 
Or that ftarr'd Ethiop queen that ftrove 
To fet her beauties praife above 
The fea-nymphs, and their pow'rs offended : 
Yet thou art higher far dcfcended ; 
Thee bright-hair'd Vefta long of yore 
To folitary Saturn bore ; 
His daughter (he (in Saturn's reign, 
Such mixture was not held a ftain), 
Oft in glimmering bowers and glades 
He met her, and in fecret ihades 
Of woody Ida's inmoft grove, 
While yet there was no fear of Jove. 
Come penfive Nun, devout and pure, 
Sober, ftedfaft, and demure. 
All in a robe of darkeft grain, 
Following with majeftic train, 
And fable Hole of Cyprus lawn, 
Over thy decent moulders drawn ; 
Come, but keep thy wonted date, 
With even ftep, andmufing gate, 
And looks commercing with the flciesj 
Thy rapt foul fitting in thine eyes : 
There held in holy paffion ftill, 
Forget thyfelf to marble, till 
With a fad leaden downward caft 
Thou fix them on the earth as faft : 
And join with thee calm Peace, and Quiet, 
Spare Faft, that oft with gods doth diet, 
And hears the Mufes in a ring 
Ay round about Jove's altar fing : 

And add to thefe retired Leifur?, 

That in trim gardens takes his pleafure ; 

But firft, and chiefeil, with thee bring^ 

Him that yon foars on golden wing, 

Guiding the fiery-wheeled throne, 

The cherub Contemplation ; 

And the mute Silence hift along, 

'Lefs Philomel will deign a fong, 

In her fweeteft, faddeft plight, 

Smoothing the rugged brow of Night, 

While Cynthia checks her dragon yoke, 

Gently o'er th' accuftom'd oak; 

Sweet bird that fhunn'ft the noife of folly , 

Moil mufical, moft melancholy ! 

Thee chauntrefs oft the woods among 

I woo to hear thy even-fong ; 

And milling thee, I walk unfeeh 

On the dry fmooth-fhaven green, 

To behold the wand'ring moon, 

Riding near her higheft noon, 

Like one that had been led aftray 

Through the Heav'n's wide pathlefs way, 

And oft, as if her head (he bow'd, 

Stooping through a fleecy cloud. 

Oft on a plat of rifing ground, 

I hear the far-off curfeu found, 

Over fome wide-water'd more, 

Swinging flow with fullen roar ; 

Or if the air will not permit, 

Some ftill removed place will fit, 

Where glowing embers through the room 

Teach Light to counterfeit a gloom, 

Far from all refort of mirth, 

Save the cricket on the hearth, 

Or the belman's droufy charm, 

To blefs the doors from nightly harm : 

Or let my lamp at midnight hour, 

Be feen in fome high lonely tow'r, 

Where I may oft out-wacth the Bear, 

With thrice great Hermes, or unfphere 

The fpirit of Plato to unfold 

What worlds, or what vaft regions hold 

The immortal mind that hath forfook 

Her manfion in this fleflily nook : 

And of thofe demons that are found 

In fire, air, flood, or under ground, 

Whofe power hath a true confent 

With planet, or with element, 


Sometime let Gorgeous Tragedy 

In fcepter'd pall come fweeping by, 

Prefcnting Thebes' or Pelops' line, 

Or the tale of Troy divine, 

Or what (though rare) of later age 

Ennobled hath the buflcin'd ftage. 

But, O fad Virgin, that thy power 

Might raife Mufaeus from his bower, 

Or bid the foul of Orpheus fing 

Such notes, as warbled to the ftring, 

Drew iron tears down Pluto's cheek, 

And made Hell grant what Love did feek. 

Or call up him that left half told, 

The ftory of Cambufcan bold, 

Of Camball, and of Algarfife, 

And who had Canace to wife, 

That own'd the virtuous ring and glafs, 

And of the wondrous, horfe of brafs, 

On which the Tartar king did ride ; 

And if ought elfe great bards befide 

In fage and folemn tunes have fung, 

Of turneys and of trophies hung, 

Of forefts, and ihchantments drear, 

Where more is meant than meets the ear. 

Thus Night oft fee me in thy pale career, 

Till civil-fuited Morn appear, 

Not trickt and frounil as fhe was wont 

With the Attic boy to hunt, 

But kercheft in a comely cloud, 

While rocking winds are piping loud, 

Or ufher'd with a fhower ftill, 

When the guft hath blown his fill, 

Ending on the rufsling leaves, 

With minute drops from off the eaves. 

And when the fun begins to fling 

His flaring beams, me goddefs bring 

To arched walks of twilight groves, 

And fhadows brown that Sylvan loves 

Of pine, or monumental oak, 

Where the rude axe with heaved ftroke 

Was never heard the nymphs to daunt, 

Or fright them from their hallow'd haunt, 

There in clofe covert by feme brook, 

Where no profaner eye may look, 

Hide me from Day's garifh eye, 

While the bee with honied thie, 

That at her flowery work doth fing, 

And the waters murmuring, 

With fuch confort as they keep, 

Entice the dewy-feather'd fleep : 

And let fome ftrange myfterious dream 

Wave at his wings in airy ftream 

Of lively portraiture difplay'd, 

Softly on my eye-lids laid. 

And as I wake, fweet mufic breathe 

Above, about, or underneath, 

Sent by fome fpirit to mortals good, 

Or th' unfeen Genius of the wood. 

But let my due feet never fail 

To walk the ftudious cloyfters pale, 

And love the high embowed roof, 

With antic pillars maffy proof, 

And ftoried windows richly dight, 

Caftinga dim religious light. 

There let the pealing organ blow, 

To the full voic'd quire below, 

In fervice high, and anthems clear, 

As may with fweetnefs, through mine ear, 

Diflblve me into extacies, 

And bring all Heav'n before mine eyes. 

And may at laft my weary age 

Find out the peaceful hermitage, 

The hairy gown 'and moffy cell, 

Where I may fit and rightly fpell 

Of every ftar that Heav'n doth mew, 

And every herb that fips the dew ; 

Till old Experience do attain 

To fomething like prophetic ftrain. 

Thefe pleafures, Melancholy, give, 

And I with thee will choofe to live. 

,r <*: >:>: tl 


;!ooi7o: iijir- 



Part of an Entertainment prefented to the Countefs Dowager of Derby at Harefield, by 
fome noble Perfons of her Family, who appear on the Scene in Pajloral Habit, mov 
ing towards the Seat of State with this Song. 


JjOOK Nymphs, and Shepherds look, 
What fudden blaze of majefty 
Is that which we from hence defcry, 
Too divine to be miftook ! 

This, this is fhe 

To whom our vows and wifhes bend ; 
Here our folemn fearch hath end. 
Fame, that her high worth to raife, 
Seem'd erft fo lavifh and profufe, 
We may juftly now accufe 
Of detraction from her praife ; 

Lefs than half we find cxpreft, 

Envy bid conceal the reft. 
Mark what radiant ftate (he fpreads, 
In circle round her fhining throne, 
Shooting her beams like filver threads ; 
This, this is fhe alone, 

Sitting like a goddefs bright, 

In the centre of her light. 
Might fhe the wife Latona be, 
Or the towered Cybele, 
Mother of a hundred gods 
Juno dares not give her odds ; 

Who had thought this clime had held 

A deity fo unparallel'd ? 

As they come forward, the GENIUS of the "wood ap 
pears, and turning toward them, fpeaks. 

GEN. Stay, gentle Swains, for tho' in this dif- 


I fee bright honour fparkle through your eyes ; 
Of famous Arcady ye are, and fprung 
Of that renowned flood, fo often fung, 
Divine Alpheus, who by fecret fluce 
Stole under feas to meet his Arethufe ; 
And ye, the breathing rofes of the wood, 
Fair filver-bufkin'd Nymphs as great and good, 
I know this queft of yours, and free intent, 
Was all in honour and devotion meant 
To the great miftrefs of yon princely fhrine, 
Whom, with low reverence, 1 adore as mine, 

And with all helpful fervice will comply- 
To further this night's glad folemnity ; 
And lead ye where ye may more near behold 
What fhallow fearching Fame hath left untold ; 
Which I full oft, amidft thefe fhades alone, 
Have fat to wonder at, and gaze upon : 
For know by lot from Jove I am the power" 
Of this fair wood, and live in oaken bower, 
To nurfe the faplings tall, and curl the grove 
With ringlets quaint, and wanton windings wove. 
And all my plants I fave from nightly ill 
Of noifome winds, and blafting vapours chill : 
And from the boughs brufh off the evil dew, 
And heal the harms of thwarting thunder blue, 
Or what the crofs dire-looking planet fmites, 
Or hurtful worm with canker'd venom bites. 
When Ev'ning grey doth rife, I fetch my round 
Over the mount, and all this hallow'd ground, 
And early, e'er the odorous breath of Morn 
Awakes the flumb'ring leaves, or taffel'd horn 
Shakes the high thicket, hafle I all about, 
Number my ranks, and vifit ev'ry fprout 
With puiffant words, and murmurs made to 


But elfe in deep of night, when drowfinefs 
Hath lock'd up mortal fenfe, then liften I 
To the celeftial Sirens' harmony, 
That fit upon the nine infolded fpheres, 
And fing to thofe that hold the vital fhears, 
And turn the adamantine fpindle round, 
On which the fate of gods and men is wound. 
Such fweet compulfion doth in mufic lie, 
To lull the daughters of Neceffity, 
And keep unfteady Nature to her law, 
And the low world in meafur'd motion draw 
After the heav'nly tune, which none can hear 
Of human mould with grofs unpurged.ear ; 
And yet fuch mufic worthieft were to blaze 
The peerlefs height of her immortal praife, 
Whole luftre leads us, and for her moft fit, 
If my inferior hand or voice could hit 
Inimitable founds, yet as we go, 
Whate'er the flull of leficr gods can fhcir 


I will aflay, her worth to celebrate, 
And fo attend ye toward her glittering flate ; 
Where ye may all that are of noble ftem 
Approach, and kifs her facred vefture's hem. 

2. SONG. 

O'ER the fmooth enamel'd green, 
Where no print of ftep hath been 

Follow me as I fing, 

And touch the warbled firing, 
Under the fhady roof 
Of branching elm ftar proof. 

Follow me, 

I will bring you where fhe fits, 
Clad in fplendour as befits 

Her deity. 
Such a rural queen 
All Arcadia hath not feea. 

NYMPHS and Shepherds, dance no more 

By fandy Ladon's lilied banks, 
On old Lycaeus or Cyllene hoar 

Trip no more in twilight ranks, 
Tho' Erymanthy our lofs deplore, 

A better foil ihall give ye thanks. 
From the {lory Msenalus 
Bring your flocks, and live with us ; 
Here ye Ihall have greater grace, 
To ferve the lady of this place. 
Tho' Syrinx your Pan's miflrtfs were, 
Yet Syrinx well might wait on her. 

Such a rural queen 
All Arcadia hutii not feett. 


Jn tils Monody toe Author Avails a learned Friend^ unfortunately drowned on lis PaJJage from Chcjter t ea 
tie Irljb Seas, 1637, and by occajton foretells the ruin of tur corrupted Clergy, tlen in their height. 

IET once more, O ye laurels, and once more 
Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never foar, 
I come to pluck your berries harfh and crude, 
And with forc'd fingers rude 
Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year. 
Bitter conftraint, and fad occafion dear, 
Compels me to difturb your feafon due : 
For Lycidas is dead, dead e'er his prime, 
Young Lycidas, and hath not left his peer : 
Who would not fingfor Lycidas? he knew 
Himfclf to fing, and build the lofty rhime. 
He muft not float upon his watry bier 
Unwept, and welter to the parching wind, 
Without the meed of fome melodious tear. 

Begin then, Sifters of the Sacred Well, 
That from beneath the feat of Jove doth fpring, 
Begin, and fomewhat loudly fweep the firing. 
Hence with denial vain, and coy excufe, 
So may fome gentle Mufe 
With lucky words favour my deftin'd urn, 
And as he paflcs turn, 
And bid fair peace be to my fable fhroud : 
For we were nurft upon the felf-fame hill, 
Fed the fame flock, by fountain, fhade, and rill. 

Together both, e'er the high lawns appear'd 
Under the opening eye-lids of the Morn, 
We drove a-field, and both together heard 
What time the grey-fly winds her fultry horn, 
Batt'ning our flocks with the frefh dews of night 
Oft till the ftar that rofe at evening bright, 
Tow'rds Heav'n's defcent had flopt his wefl'ring 


Meanwhile the rural ditties were not mute, 
Temper'd to th' oaten flute, 
Rough Satyrs danc'd, and Fauns with cloven heel 
From the glad found would not be abfent long, 
And old Damaetas lov'd to hear our fong. 

But O the heavy change, now thou art gone, 
Now thou art gone, and never muft return ! 
Thee Shepherd, thee the woods and defert caves 
With wild thyme and the gadding vine o'ergrown, 
And all their echoes mourn. 
The willows and the hazel copfcs green, 
Shall now no more be feen, 

Fanning their joyous leaves to thy foft lays. 

As killing as the canker to the rofe, 

Or taint worm to the weanling herds that graze, 

Or froft to flowers, that their gay wardrobe wear, 

When firft the white thorn blows ; 

Such, Lycidas, thy lofs to fhepherd's ear. 

Where were ye, Nymphs, when the remorfele& 
Clos'd o'er the head of your lov'd Lycidas ? [deep 
For neither were ye playing on the fteep, 
Where your old bards, the famous Druids, lie, 
Nor on the fhaggy top of Mona high, 
Nor yet where Deva fpreads her wizard ftream : 
Ay me ! I fondly dream 
Had you been there j for what could that have 

done ? 

What could the Mufe herfelf that Orpheus bore, 
The Mufe herfelf for her enchanting fon, 
Whom univerfal Nature did lament, 
When by the rout that made the hideous roar, 
His goary vifage down the ftream was fent, 
Down the fwift Hebrus to the Lefbian fhorc ? 

Alas ! what boots it with inceffant care 
To tend the homely flighted fhepherd's trade, 
And ftrictly meditate the thanklefs Mufe ? 
Were it not better done, as others ufe, 
To fport with Amaryllis in the fhade, 
Or with the tangles of Nexra's hair ? 
Fame is the fpur that the clear fp'rit doth raife 
'That laft infirmity of noble mind) 
To fcorn delights, and live laborious days ; 
But the fair guerdon when we hope to find, 
And think to burft out into fudden blaze, 
Comes the blind Fury with th' abhorred (hears, 
And flits the thin-fpun life. But not the praife, 
^hoebus reply'd, and touch'd my trembling ears ; 
~"ame is no plant that grows in mortal foil, 
4or in the glift'ring foil 

~et off to th' world, nor in broad Rumour lies, 
Jut lives, and fpreads aloft by thofe pure eyes, 
And perfect witnefs of all judging Jove ; 
As he pronounces laftly on each deed, 
Of fo much fame in Heav'n expect thy meed. 

O fountain Arethufe, and thou honour'd flood, 
mooth Hiding Mincius, crown'd with vocal reeds, 

L Y C I D A S. 

That flrain I heard Was of a higher mood : 

But now my oat proceeds, 

And liftens to the herald of the fea 

That came in Neptune's plea ; 

He aflc'd the waves, and aik'd the felon winds, 

What hard mifhap hath doom'd this gentle fwain? 

And qtfeftion'd every guft of rugged winds 

That blows from off each beak'd promontory ; 

They knew not of his flory, 

And fage Hippotades their anfwer brings, 

That not a blaft was from his dungeon ilray'd, 

The air was calm, and on the level brine 

Sleek Panope with all her fillers play'd. 

It was that fatal and perfidious bark 

Built in th' eclipfe, and rigg'd with curfes dark, 

That funk Ib low that facred head -of thine. 

Next Camus, reverend fire, went footing flow, 
His mantle hairy, and his bonnet fedge, 
Inwrought with figures dim, and on the edge 
JLike to that fanguine flower, infcrib'd with woe. 
Ah ! who hath reft (quoth he) my deareft pledge ! 
JLaft came, and lafl did go. 
The pilot of the Galilean lake, 
Two maffy keys he bore of metals twain, 
(The golden opes, the iron {huts amain) 
He fhook his miter'd locks, and ftern befpake, 
How well could I have fpar'd for thee, young 


Enow of fuch as for their bellies' fake 
Creep, and intrude, and climb into the fold ? 
Of other care they little reck'ning make, 
Than how to fcramble at the {hearer's feafl, 
And fhove away the worthy bidden guefl ; 
Blind mouths ! that fcarce themfelves know how 

to hold 

A {heep-hook, or have learn'd ought elfe the lead 
That to the faithful herdman's art belongs ! 
What recks it them ? What need they ? they are 


And when they lift, their lean and flafhy fongs 
Grate on their fcrannel pipes of wretched flraw ; 
The hungry fheep look up, and are not fed, 
But fwoli'n with wind, and the rank mift they 


Rot inwardly, and foul contagion fpread ; 
Befides what the grim wolf, with privy paw, 
Daily devours apace ; and nothing faid, 
But that two-handed engine at the door, 
Stands ready to fmite once, and finite no more. 

Return, Alpheus, the dread voice is paft 
That fhrunk thy flreams ; return, Sicilian Mufe, 
And call the vales, and bid them hither caft 
Their bells, and fiow'rets of a thoufand hues. 
Ye valleys low, where the mild whifpers ufe 
Of fhades, and wanton winds, and gufhing brooks, 
On whofe frefh lap the fwart ftar rarely looks, 

Throw hither all your quaint enamel* d eye^ 

That on the green turf fuck the honied fhower*, 

And purple all the ground with vernal flowers* 

Bring the rathe primrofe that forfakeii dies, 

The tufted crow-toe, and pale jeffamine, 

The white pink, and the panfy freakt with jet, 

The glowing violet, 

The mufk-rofe, and the well attir'd woodbine, 

With cowfHps wan, that hang the penfive head, 

And every flower that fad embroidery wears : 

Bid Amarantus all his beauty fhed, 

And daffadiliies fill their cups with tears, 

To flow the laureat herfe where Lycid lies. 

For fo to interpofe a little eafe, 

Let our frail thoughts dally with falfe furmife. 

Ay me ! whiill thee the mores and founding feas 

Wafh far away, where'er thy bones are hurl'd, 

Whether beyond the flormy Hebrides, 

Where thou perhaps, under the whelming tide, 

Viiit'ft the bottom of the monftrous world ; 

Or whether thou to our moift vows deny'd, 

Sleep'ft by the fable of Bellerus old, 

Where the great vifion of the guarded mount 

Looks tow'rd Namancos and. Bayona's hold; 

Look homeward angel now, and melt with ruth : 

And, O ye Dolphins, waft the hopelcfs youth. 

Weep no more, woeful fhepherds, weep no more ; 
For Lycidas your forrow is not dead, 
Sunk tho' he be beneath the wat'ry floor ; 
So finks the day-flar in the ocean bed, 
And yet anon repairs his drooping head, 
And tricks his beams, and with new-fpafigled ore 
Flames in the forehead of the morning Iky ; 
So Lycidas funk low, but mounted high. 
Through the dear might of him that walk'd the 


Where other groves and other ftreams along, 
With nectar hue his oozy locks he laves, 
And hears the unexpreffive nuptial fong, 
In the bleft kingdoms meek of Joy and Love. 
There entertain him all the faints above, 
In folemn troops and fvveet focieties, 
That fing, and fmging in their glory move, 
And wipe the tears for ever from his eyes. 
Now, Lycidas, the fliepherds weep no more ; 
Henceforth thou art the genius of the fhore, 
In thy large recompenfe, and fhalt be good 
To all that wander in that perilous flood. 
Thus fang the uncouth Jwain to th' oaks and rills, 
While the ftill Morn went out with fandals gray, 
He tcuch'd the tender flops of various quills, 
With eager thought warbling his Doric lay : 
And now the fun had ftretch'd out all the hills, 
And no\v was dropt into the weflern bay ; 
At laft he rofe, and twitch'd his mantle blue ; 
To-morrow to frefli woods and paftures new. 




I. Anno atatis 1 7 On the death of a fair Infant, dy 
ing of a Cough. 

O FAIREST flower, no fooner blown but blaftec 
Soft (liken primrofe fading timelcfsly, 
Summer's chief honour, if thou hadft out-lafted 
Bleak Winter's foice that made thy bloffom dry 
For he being amorous on that lovely dye 

That did thy cheek envermeil, thought to kifs, 
But kill'd, alas I and then bewail'd his fatal blifs 


For fince grim Aquilo, his charioteer, 
By boifl'rous rape th' Athenian clamfel got, 
He thought it touch'd his deity full near, 
If likewife he fome fair one wedded not, 
Thereby to wipe away th' infamous blot 

Of long uncoupled bed, and childlefs eld, 
Which 'mongft *.he wanton gods a foul reproach 
was held. 


So mounting up in icy-pearl 'd car, 
Through middle empire of the freezing aif 
He wandcr'd long, till thee he fpy'd from far : 
There ended was, his queft, there ceas'd his care. 
Down he defcended from his fnpw-fcft chair, 

But all unwares with his cold kind embrace 
Unhous'd thy virgin .foul from her fair biding 


Yet art thou not inglorious in thy fate * 
For fo Apollo, with unweeting hand,. )V $v \ _ 
' Whilome did flay his dearly loved mate, 
Young Hyacinth born on Eurota's ftrand, 
Young Hyacinth, the pride df Spartan land ; 

But then transform'd him to a purple flower : 
Alack that fo to change thee Winter had no 

Yet can I not.perfuade me thou art dead, 
Or that thy corfe corrupts in earth's dark womb, 
Or that thy beauties lie in wormy bed, 
Hid from the world in a low delved tomb ; 
Could Heav'n for pity thee fo ftri&ly doom ? 
Oh no ! for fomething in thy face did fhine 
Above mortality, that ihev/'d thou waft divine. 

Refolve me then, oh Soul moft furely bleft, 
(If fo it be that thou thefe plaints doft hear) 
Toll me, bright Spirit, where'er thou hovcreft,' 
Whether above that high firft moving fphere, 
Or in th' Eiyfian Fields, (if fuch there were) 
Oh fay me true, if thou wert rrjortal wight, 
And why from us fo quickly thou didft take thy 


Wert thou fome ftar which from the ruin'd roof 
Of fhak'd Olympus by mifchance didft fall ; 
Which careful Jove, in Nature's true behoof, 
Took up, and in fit place did rcinftal ? 
Or did of late Earth's fons beficge the wall 

Of flieeny Heav'n, and thou ionic goddefs fled 
Amongft us here below to hide thy ne&ar'd head ? 


Or wert thou that juft maid who once before 

Foribok the hated Earth, O tell me footh, 

And cam'ft again to viiit us once more ? 

Or wert thou that fweet milling youth, 

Or that crown'd matron, fage white-robed Truth ? 

Or any other of that heav'nly brood 
Let down in cloudy throne to do the world fome 
good ? 


Or wert thou of the golden-winged hoft, 
Who having clad thyfelf in human weed, 
To Earth from thy prefixed feat didft poft, 
And after ihort abode, fly back with fpeed, 
As if to fhew what creatures Heav'n doth breed? 

Thereby to fet the hearts of men on fire, 
To fcorri thefordid world, and unto Heav'n afpire? 


3ut oh why didft thou not ftay here below 
To blefs us with thy Heav'n-lov'd innocence, 
To flake his wrath whom fin hath made our foe^' 
To turn fwift-rufhing black Perdition hence, 
Or drive away the flaughteririg Peftiletice, 

To ftand 'twixt us and our deferved fmarts ? 
3ut thou can'ft beft perform that office where' 
thou art. 


Then 'tliou, the mother of fd fweet a child 
Her falfe imagin'd lofs ceafe to lament, 


And wifely learn to curb thy forrows wild : 
Think what a prefent thou to God hath fent, 
And render him with patience what he lent ! 
This if thou do, he will an offspring give, 
That till the world's loft end fhall make thy name 
to live. 

II. Anno <etatls 19. At a vocation Exerctfe in tie 
College, fart Latin, fart Englifo, The Latin 
Speeches ended, the Englijb thus began. 

HAIL native Language, that by finewa weak 
Didft move my firft endeavouring tongue to fpeafe, 
And mad'ft imperfect words with childifh trips, 
Half-unpronounc'd, Hide through nay infant lips, 
Driving dumb Silence from the portal door, 
Where he had mutely fat two years before: 
Here I falute thee, and thy pardon aik, 
That now I ufe thee in my latter talk : 
Small lofs it is that thence can come unto thee, 
I know my tongue but little grace can do thee : 
Thou need ft not be ambitious to be firft, 
Believe me, I have thither packt the worftr 
And, if it happens as I did forecaft, 
The daintieft difhes fhall be ferv'd up laft, 
I pray thee then deny me not thy aid 
For this fame fmall neglect that I have made : 
But hafte thee ftrait to do me once a pleafure, 
And from thy wardrobe bring thy chiefeft trea- 


Not thofe new-fangled toys, and trimming flight 
"Which takes our late fantaftics with delight, 
But cull thofe richeft robes, and gay'ft attire 
Which deepeft fpirits, and choiceft wits defire : 
I have fome naked thoughts that rove about, 
And loudly knock to have their paflage out ; 
And, weary of their place, do only ftay 
Till thou haft deck'd them in thy beft array; 
That fo they may, without fufped or fears 
Fly fwiftly to this fair aflembly's ears. 
Yet I had rather, if I were to choofe, 
Thy fervice in fome graver fubjeft ufe, 
Such as may make thee fearch thy coffers round, 
Before thou clothe my fancy in fit found : 
Such where the deep tranfported mind may foar 
Above the wheeling poles, and at Heav'n's door 
Look in, and fee each blifsful deity, 
How he before the thunderous throne doth lie, 
Lift'ning to what unfhorn Apollo fings 
To th' touch of golden wires, while Hebe brings 
Immortal ne&ar to her kingly fire : 
Then paling through, the. fpheres of watchful 


And mifty regions of wide air next under, 
And hills of ftiow, and lofts of piled thunder, 
May tell at kngth how green-ey'd Neptune 


In Heav'n's defiance muft'ring all his waves ; 
Then fing of fecret things that carne to pafa 
When beldam Nature^n her cradle was ; 
And laft of kings and queens, and heroes old, 
Such as the wife Demodocus once told 
In folemn fongs at King Alcinous* feaft, 
While fad Ulyffes' foul and all the reft 

Are held with his melodious harmony 
In willing chains and fweet captivity. 
But fie, my wand'ring Mufe how thou doft ftray^ 
Expectance calls thee now another way ; 
Thou know'ft it muft be now thy only bent 
To keep in compafs of thy predicament : 
Then quick about thy purpos'd bufinefs come, 
That to the next I may refign my room. 

TJjen Ens is reprefented as Father of the Predicaments 
hit ten Sons, luhereof the el deft Rood for SubftancG 
"ivit/j bis canons^ "which JSits, thus Jpeakintr ex~ 

Good luck befriend thee, Son; for at thy bird* 
The fairy ladies danc'd upon the hearth ; 
Thy droufy nurfe hath fworn {he did them fpy 
Come tripping to the room where thou didft lie, 
And fweetly finging round about thy bed, 
Strow all their bleffings on thy fleeping head. 
She heard them give thee this, that thou fhouldft 


From eyes of mortal walk invifible : 
Yet there is fomething that doth force my fear; 
For once it was my difmal hap to hear 
A Sibyl old, bow-bent with crooked age, 
That far events full wiftly could prefage, 
And in time's long and dark profpe&ive glafs 
Forefaw what future days fhould bring to pafs j 
Your fon, faid fhe, (nor can ye it prevent). 
Shall fubject be to-many an accident : 
O'er all his brethren he ftiall reign as king,, 
Yet every one fhall make him underling, 
And thofe that cannot live from him afunder 
Ungratefully fhall ftrive to keep him under : 
In worth and excellence he fhall out-go them j 
Yet being above them, he fhall be below them % - 
From others he fhall fland in need of nothing, 
Yet on his brothers fhall depend for clothing : 
To find a foe it fhall not be his hap ; 
And P,eace fhall lull him in her flow'ry lap;. 
Yet fhallhe live in ftrife, and at his door 
Devouring war fhall never ceafe to roar: 
Yea, it fhall be his natural property 
To harbour thofe that are at enmity. 
What power, what force, what mighty fpell, if not 
Your learned hands, can loofe this Gordian knot ? 

The next Quantity and Duality fpake in Pro/I; then 
Relation 'was called by bis name 

Rivers arife ; whether thou be the fon 
Of utmoft Tweed, or Oofe, or gulphy Dun, 
Or Trent, who like fome earth-born giant 
His thirty arms along th' indented meads, 
Or fullen mole that runneth underneath, 
Or Severn Swift, guilty of maiden's death* 
Or rocky Avon, or of fedgy Lee, 
Or coaly Tyne, or ancient hallow'd Dee, 
Or Humber loud, that keeps the Scythi 
Or Medway fmooth, or royal towered Thame. 

was Profe.} 


111. On tie Morning of Chrfis Nativity. 

THIS is the month, and this the happy morn, 
Wherein the Son of Heav'n's eternal King, 
Of wedded maid, and Virgin mother born, 
Our great redemption from above did bring ; 
For fo the holy Sages once did fing, 

That he our deadly forfeit fhould releafe, 
And with his Father work us a perpetual peace. 


That glorious form, that light unfufferable, 
And that far-beaming blaze of majefty, 
Wherewith he wont at Heav'n's high council-table 
To fit the midft of Trinal Unity, 
He laid afide ; and here with us to be, 

Forfook the courts of everlafting day, 
And chofe with us a darkfome houfe of mortal 


Say, heav'nly Mufe, fhall not thy facred vein 
Afford a prefent to the infant God ? 
Haft thou no verfe, no hymn of folemn flrain, 
To welcome him to this his new abode, 
Now, while the Heav'n by the fun's team untrod, 

Hath took no print of the approaching light, 
And all the fpangled hoft keep watch in fqua- 
drons bright ? 


See how from far upon the eaftern road 

The ftar-led Wizards hafte with odours fweet : 

O run, prevent them with thy humble ode, 

And lay it lowly at his blefled feet ; 

Have thou the honour firft thy Lord to greet, 

And' join thy voice into the angel quire, 
From out his fecret altar toUch'd with hallow'd 

aife Hymn. 

IT was the winter wild, 
While the Heav'n-born child 

All meanly wrapt in rude manger lies ; 
Nature in awe to him 
Had dofft her gaudy trim, 

With her great Mafter fp to fympathize : 
It was no feafon then for her 
To wanton with the fun her lufty paramour. 


Only with fpeeches fair 
She woo's the gentle air 

To hide her guilty front with innocent fnow, 
And on her naked fliame, 
Pollute with finful blame, 

The fainty veil of maiden white to throw, 
Confounded, that her Maker's eyes 
Should look fo near upon her foul deformities. 


But he, her fears to ceafe, 
Sent down the meek-ey'd Peace ; 

She, crown'd with olive green, came foftly 
Down thro' the turning fphere [fliding 

His ready harbinger, 

With turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing 
And waving wide her myrtle wand, 
She ftrikes an univerfal peace through fea and 


No war, or battle's found 
Was heard the world around t 

The idle fpear and fhield were high up hung ; 
The hooked chariot flood, 
Unftain'd with hbftile blood ; 

The trumpet fpake not to the armed throng; 
And kings- fat ftill with awful eye, 
As if they furely knew their fbv'reign Lord was by* 


But peaceful was the night, 
Wherein the Prince of Light 

His reign of peace upon the earth began : 
The winds with wonder whift 
Smoothly the waters kift, 

Whifp'ring new joys to the mild ocean, 
Who now hath quite forgot to rave, 
While birds pf culm fit brooding on the charmed, 


The ftars with deep amaze 
Stand fix'd in ftedfaft gaze, 

Bending one way their precious influence, 
And will not take their flight, 
For all the morning light, 

Or Lucifer, that often warn'd them thence ; 
But in their glimmering orbs did glow, 
Until their Lord himfelf befpake; and bid them g04 


And tho* the fhady gloom 
Had given day her room, 

The fun himfelf with-held his wonted fpeed, 
And hid his head for lhame, 
As his inferior flame [need; 

The new enlighten'd world no more fhould 
He faw a greater fun appear 
Than his bright throne, or burning axletree could 


The fhepherds on the lawn, 
Or e'er the point of dawn, 

Sat fimply chatting in a ruftic row; 
Full little thought they then 
That the mighty Pan 

Was kindly come to live with them below ; 
Perhaps their loves, or elfe their ftieepj 
Was all that did their filly thoughts fo bufy keep,, 


When fuch mufic fweet 
Their hearts and ears did greet, 

As never was by mortal finger ftrook, 
Divinely warbled voice 
Anfw'ring the ftringed noife, 

As all their fouls in blifsful rapture took : 
The air fuch pleafure loth to lofe, 
With thoufand echoes ftill prolongs each heav'nly 


Nature that heard fuch found, 
Beneath the hollow round 

Of Cynthia's feat, the airy region thrilling. 


Now was almoft won 
To think her part was done, 
. And that her reign had here its laft fulfilling ; 
She knew fuch harmony alone 
Could hold all Hcav'n and earth in happier 


At laft furrounds their fight 
A globe of circular light, 

That with long beams the fhame-fac'd Night 
The helmed cherubim, [array'd, 

And fworded feraphim, 

- Are feen in glittering ranks with wing? clif- 
Harping in loud and folemn quire, [play'd, 

With unexprefiive notts to Heav'n's new-born 


Such mufic (as 'tis laid) 
Before was never made, 

But when of old the fons of Morning fung, 
While the Creator great 
His conftellations let, 

And the well-baianc'd world on hinges hung, 
And caft the dark foundations deep, [keep. 

And bid the wek'ring waves their oozy channel 


Ring out ye cryflal fpheres, 
Once blefs our human ears, 

(If ye have power to touch our fenfes fo) 
And let your lilver chime 
Move in melodious time, 

And let the bafe of Heav'n's deep organ blow, 
And with your ninefold harmony, 
Make up full conlbrt to th' angelic Symphony. 


Por if fuch holy fong 
Inwarp our fancy long, 

Time will run back, and fetch the age of Gold, 
And fpeckled vanity, 
Will ficken foon and die, 

And leprous fin will melt from earthly mould, 
And hell itfelf will pafs away, 
And leave her dolorous maniiou to the peering day. 


Yea Truth and Juftice 'then 
Will down return to men, 

Orb'd in a rainbow ; and like glories wearing 
Mercy will fit between, 
Thron'd in celeftiai Iheen, 

With radiant feet the tiffued clouds down fteer- 
And Heav'n, as at fome feftival, [i n g> 

Will open wide the gates of her high palace hall. 


But wifeft Fate fays no, 
This muft not yet Be fo, 

The Babe lies yet in fmilihg infancy, 
That on the bitter crofs 
Muft redeem our lofs ; 

So both himfelf and us to glorify 
Yet firft to thofe ychain'd in fleep, 
The wakeful trump of Doom muft thunder thro' 
the deep. 


With fuch a horrid clang, 
As on Mount Sinai rang, 

While the red fire and ffnould'ring cloudsS out* 

The aged Earth aghj 

[brake : 

With terror of that blaft, 

Shall from the furface to the centre fhake ; 
When at the wqrld's laft ceflion, 
The dreadful Judge in middle air lhali fpread hb 


And then at laft our Lliis 
Full and perfect is, 

But now begins; for from this happy day 
Th' old Drag-on under ground 
In ftruiter limits bound, ..-- 

Not half fo far cafts his ufurped fway, 
And wroth to fee his kingdom fail, 
Swindles the fcaly horror of his folded tail. 


The oracles are dumb, 
No voice or hideous hum 

Runs thro' the arched roof in words deceiving, 
Apollo from his farine 
Can no more divine, 

With hollow fhriek the fleep of Delphos leaving, 
No nightly trance or breathed fpell. 
Infpircs the paie-ey'd Priefc from the prophetic cell. 


The lonely mountains o'er, 
And the mounding fhore, 

A voice of weeping heard, and loud lament t 
From haunted fpring, and dale 
Edg'd with poplar pale, 

The parting Genius is with fighing ftnt ; 
With flower-inwoven treffes torn, 
The nymphs in twi'light lhade of tangled thickets 


In confecrated earth, 
And on the holy hearth, 

The Lars and Lcmures moan with midnight 

plaint ; 

In urns, and altars round, 
A drear and dying found 

Affrights the fiamens at their fervice quaint ; 
And the chill marble feems to fweat, 
While each peculiar power forgoes his wonted 
feat. . . . 


Peor and Baalim 

Forfake their temples dim, 

With that twice batter'd god of Paleftine : 
And mooned Afhtaroth, 
Heav'n's queen and mother both, 

Now fits not girt with taper's holy fhine 
The Lybic Hammon fhrinks his horn; 
In vain the Tynan maids their wounded Thanv- 
mus mourn. 


And fullen Moloch fled, 
Hath left in fhadows dread 

His burning idol all of blackeft hue ; 
In vain with cymbals' ring 
They call the grifly King, 

In difmal dance about the furnace blue ; 
The brutilh gods of Nile as faft, 
Ills and Or us, and the dog Aniubus hafte.. 


"Nor is Ofiris feen J: r , ."' 

!n Memphian grove or green, 

. Trampling the unfhow'r'd grafs with lowings 

Nor can he be at reft [loud : 

Within his Xacred cheft, 

Nought but profoundeft Hell can be his fliroud ; 
In vain with timbrel'd anthems dark 
The fablc-ftoled forcerers bear his worfhipt ark. 


He feels from Juda's land 
The dreadful Infant's hand. 

The rays of Bethlehem blind his dulky eyn ; 
Nor all the gods befide,' 
JLonger dare abide, 

Not Typhon huge ending in fnalcy twine : 
Our Babe to (hew his Godhead true, 
Can in his fwadling bands controul the damned 
xxvi. [crew. 

So when the fun in bed, 
Curtain'd with cloudy red, 

Pillows his chin upon an orient wave, 
The flocking fhadows pale 
Troop to the infernal jail, 

Each fetter'd ghoit flips to his feveral grave, 
And the yellow-ficirted Fayes 
Fly after the night-fteeds, leaving their moon- 
lov'd maze, 


But fee the Virgin bleft 
Hath laid her Babe to reft ; 

Time is our tedious fong fhould here have 
Heav'n's youngeft teemed ftar [ending : 

Hath fix'd her polifh'd car, 

Her flceping Lord with handmaid lamp at- 
And all about the courtly liable [tending, 

Bright harnefs'd angels fit in order ferviccable. 


JVERWHILE of mufic, and ethereal mirth, 
Wherewith the ftage of air and earth did ring, 
And joyous news of heav'nly Infant's birth, 
My Mufe with aiigeh did divide to fing ; 
But headlong Joy is ever on the wing, 

In wintry folftic like the fhorten'd light [night. 
Soon fwallow'd up in dark and long out-living 


For now to farrow muft I tune my fong, 
And fet my harp to notes of faddeft woe,. 
Which in" our deareft Lord did feife e'er long, 
Dangers, and fnares, and wrongs, and worfe than 
Which he for us did freely undergo : [fo, 

Moft perfect Hero, try'd in heavieft plight 
Of labourshuge and hard,toohard for humanmight ? 


He, fov'reign Prieft, ftooping his regal head, 
That dropt with odorous cil down his fair eyes, 
Poor fleflily tabernacle entered, 
His ftarry front low-rooft beneath the flues ; 
O what a maflc was there, what a difguife ! 

Yet more ; the ftroke of death he muft abide, 
Then lies him meekly down faft by his brethren's 

Thefe latefl fcenes confine my roving verfe, 
To this horrizon is my Phcebiis bound; 
:iis godlike acts, and his temptations fierce, 
And former fuflferings other where are found ; 
oud o'er the reft Cremona's trump doth found; 

Me foftcr airs befit, and fofter firings 
Df lute, or viol ftill, more apt for mournful things. 


Befriend me, Night, befl patronefs of grief ; 
Over the pole thy thickeft mantle throw, 
And work my flatter'd fancy to belief, 
1'hat Heav'n and earth are colour'd with my woe ; 
My forrows are too dark for day to know : 

The leaves fhould all be black whereon I write, 
And letters where my tears have wafh'd a wan- 
vi. [nifh white. 

See, fee the chariot, and thofe rufhing wheels, 
That whirl'd the prophet up at Chebar flood, 
My fpirit fome traniporting cherub feels, 
To bear me where the towers of Salem ftood, 
Once glorious towers, now funk in guiltlefs blood ; 

There doth my foul in holy vifion fit 
In penfive trance, and anguiih, and ecftatic fit. 


Mine eye hath found that fad fepulchral rock 
That was the cafket of Heav'n's richeft (lore, 
And here though grief my feeble hands uplock, 
Yet on the foften'd quarry would I fcore 
My plaining verfe as lively as before ; 

For fure fo well inftnicied are my tears, 
That they would fitly fall in order'd characters. 


Or fhould I thence hurried on viewlefs wing, 
Take up a weeping on the mountains wild, 
The gentle neighbourhood of grove and fpring 
Would foon unbofom all their echoes mild, 
And I (for grief 'is eafily beguil'd) 

Might think th' infection of my forrows loud 
Had got a race of mourners on fbme pregnant 

\_TlisfnljM tJ}e Anilor fnd'mg to be above the years 
ka bud) when he ivrote it, and nothing fa tisficd ivitb 
ii'Lal ivas begun, left it 

V. On Time, 

FLY envious Time, till thou run out thy race, 

Call on the lazy leaden-ftepping Hours, 

Whofe fpeed is but the heavy plummet's pace, 

And glut thyfclf with what thy womb devours, 

Which is no more than what is falfe and vain, ^ 

And merely mortal drofs ; 

So little is our lofs, 

So little is thy gain. 

For when as each thing bad thou haft intomb'd, 

And laft of all thy greedy felf confum'd, 

Then long eternity fhall greet our blifs 

With an individual kifs ; 

And joy {hall overtake us as a flood, 

When every thing that is fincerely good, 

And perfectly divine, 

With truth, and peace, and love, fhall ever Ihi 

L iij 


About the fupreme throne 
Of him, to' whofe happy-making fight alone, 
Whenjbnce our heav'nly-guided foul ihall climb, 
Then all this earthy groflhefs quit, 
Attir'd with ftars, we fhall for ever fit, 
Triumphing over Death, and Chance, and thee, 
O Time. 

VI. Upon tt>e Circumcifion. 

YE flaming Powers, and winged Warriors bright, 
That erft with mufic and triumphant fong, 
Firft heard by happy watchful fhepherds' ear, 
So fweetly fung your joy the clouds along, 
Through the foft file'ncerof the lift'ning Night ; 
Now mourn, and if fad fliare with us to bear 
Your fiery effence can diftil no tear, 
Burn in your fighs, and borrow 
Seas wept from our deep forrow : 
He who with all Heav'n's heraldry whilere 
Enter'd the world, now bleeds to give us eafe j 
Alas how foon our fin 
Sore doth begin 

His infancy to feife ! 

O more exceeding love, or law more juft ! 
juft law indeed, but more exceeding love ! 
For we by rightful doom remedileis 
Were loft in death, till he that dwelt above 
High thron'd in fecret blifs, for us frail duft 
Emptied his glory, ev'n to nakednefs ; 
And that great covenant which we flill tranfgrefs 
Entirely fatisfied, 
And the full wrath befide 
Of vengeful Juftice bore for our excefs, 
And Teals obedience firft with wounding fmart 
This day, but O e'er long 
Huge pangs and ftrong 

Will pierce more near his heart. 

VII. AtafalemnMufie. 

BLEST pair of Sirens, pledges of Heav'n's joy, 
Sphere-born harmonious filters, Voice and Verfe, 
Wed your divine founds, and mix'd power employ 
Dead things with inbreath'd fenfe able to pierce, 
And to our high rais'd phantafy prefent 
That undifturbed fong of pure concent, 
Ay fung before the faphir-colour'd throne 
To him that fits thereon 
With faintly fhout, and folemn jubilee, 
Where the bright feraphim in burning row 
Their loud up-lifted angel-trumpets blow, 
And the cherubic hoft in thoufand quires' 
Touch their immortal harps of golden wires. 
With thofe juft fpirits that wear victorious palms, 
Hymns devout ?.nd holy pfalms 
Singing everlailingjy ; 
That we on earth with undifcording voice 
May rightly anfwer that melodious noife ; 
As once we did, till difproportion'd Sin 
Jarr d againft Nature's chime and with harm din 
Broke the fair mufic that all creatures made 
io their great Lcrd,J whofe love their motion 

In perfect diapafon, whilft they ftood, 

In firft obedience, and their ftate of go'od. 

P may we foon again renew that fong, 

And keep in tune with Heav'n, till God e'er long 

To his celeftial confort us unite, [light. 

To live with him, and fing in endlefs morn of 

VIII. An Epitaph on the MarcUonefs of Winctefer. 

THIS rich marble doth inter 

The honour'd wife of Winchefter. 

A vifcount's daughter, an Earl's heir, 

Befides what her virtues fair 

Added to her noble birth, 

More than fhe could own from earth. 

Summers three times eight fave one 

She had told ; alas too foon, 

After fo fliort time of breath, 

To houfe with darknefs, and with death. 

Yet had the number of her days 

Been as complete as was her praife, 

Nature and Fate had had no ftrife 

In giving limit to her life. 

Her high birth, and her graces fweet, 

Quickly found a lover meet ; 

The virgin quire for her requeft 

The god that fits at marriage feaft ; 

He at their invoking came. 

But with a fcarce well-lighted flame \ 

And in his garland as he flood 

Ye might difcern a cyprefs bud, 

Once had the early matrons run 

To greet her of a lovely fon, 

And now with fecond hope fhe goes, 

And calls Lucina to her throes ; 

But whether by mifchance or blame 

Atropos for Lucina came ; 

And with remorfelefs cruelty 

Spoil'd at once both fruit and tree : 

The haplef;, babe before his birth 

Had burial, yet not laid in earth ; 

And the languifh'd mother's womb 

Was not long a living tomb. 

So have I feen fome tender flip, 

Sav'd with care from Winter's nip, 

The pride of her carnation train, 

Pluck'd up by fome unheedy fwain, 

Who only thought to crop the flow'r 

New fhot up from vernal fhow'r ; 

But the fair bloffom hangs the head 

Side-ways as on a dying bed, 

And thofe pearls of dew fhe wears, 

Prove to be prefaging tears, 

Which the fad Morn had let fall 

On her haft'ning funeral. 

Gentle Lady, may thy grave 

Peace and quiet ever have ; 

After this thy travel fore 

Sweet reft feize thee evermore, 

That to give the world increafe, 

Shortened haft thy own life's leafe. 

Here, befides the forrowing 

That thy noble houfe doth bring, 

Here be tears of perfect moan 

Wept for thee in Helicon, 


Come flowers, arid fome bays, 
$or thy herfe, to ftrow the ways, 
Sent thee from the banks of Came, 
Devoted to thy virtuous name ; 
Whilft thou, bright Saint, high fitft in glory, 
Next her much like to thee in ftory, 
That fair Syrian ihepherdefs, 
Who after years of barorennefs, 
The highly favour'd Jofeph bore 
To him that ferv'd for her before, 
And at her next birth much like thee, 
Through pangs fhd to felicity, 
Far within the bofom bright 
Of blazing Majefty and Light : 
There with thee, new welcome faint, 
.Like fortunes may her foul acquaint 
With thee there clad in radiant fheen, 
No Manchionefs, but now a Queen. 

IX. Seng. On Kfay Morning. 

ISTow the bright morning ftar, day's harbinger, 
Comes dancing from the Eaft, and leads with her 
The flow'ry May, who from her green lap throws 
The yellow cowflip, and the pale primrofe. 
Hail bounteous MayjJ that doft infpire 
Mirth, and yauth, and warjn defire^ 
Woods and groves are of thy drefiing, 
Hill and dale doth boaft thy blefling. 
Thus we falute thee with our early fong, 
And welcome thee, and vwifli thee long. 

X. On Shakcfpearey 1630. 

WHAT needs my Shakefpeare for hts honour'd 


The labour of an age in piled ftones, 
Or that his hallow'd reliques fhould be hid 
Under a ftarry-pointing pyramid ? 
Bear fon of Memory, great heir of Fame, 
What need'il thou fuch weak witnefs of thy name ? 
Thou in our wonder and aftonifhment 
Has built thyfelf a live-long monument. 
For whilft to th' fliame of flow-endeavouring Art 
Thy eafy numbers flow, and that each heart 
Hath from the leaves of thy unvalued book 
Thofe Delphic lines with deep impreffion took ; 
Then thou our fancy of itfelf bereaving, 
Doft make us marble with too much conceiving ; 
And fo fepulcher'd, in fuch pomp doft lie, 
That kings for fuch a tomb would wifh to die. 

XI. On the Univerfity Carrier, iv&o Jtckened in the 
time of bis vacancy , being forbid to go to Lon- 
don t by reafon of the plague. 

HERE lies old Hobfon; Death hath broke his 


And here alas, hath laid him in the dirt ;1 
Or elfe the ways being foul, twenty to one, 
He's here ftuck in a flough, and overthrown. 
'Twas fuch a fliifter, that if truth were known, 
Death was half glad when he had got him down ; 

For he had any time this ten years full 

Dodg'd with him, betwixt Cambridge and thfc 


And furely Death could never have prevail'd, 
Had not his weekly courfe of carnage fail'd ; 
But lately finding him fo long at home, 
And thinking now his journey's errd was come, 
And that he had ta'en up his lateft inn, 
In the kind office of a chamberlain 
Shew'd him his room where he muft lodge that 


Pull'd off his boots, and took away the light : 
If any afk for him, it fliall be faid, 
Hobfon has fupt, and's newly gone to bed. 

XII. Another on the fame. 

HERE lieth one who did moft truly prove, 

That he could never die while he could move-j 

So hung his deftmy, never to rot 

While he might ftill jog on and keep his trot, 

Made of fphere-metal, never to decay 

Until his revolution was at ftay. 

Time numbers motion (yet without a crime 

'Gainft old Txuth), motion numbered out his 

time : 

And like an eng-me mov'd with wheel and weight, 
His principles being ceas'd, he ended ftrait. 
Reft that. gives all men life, gave him his death, 
And too much breathing put him out of breath,; 
Nor were it cortt.radi&ion to aflirm, 
Too long vacation haftenM on his term. 
Merely to drive the time away, he ficken'd, 
Fainted, and died, nor would with ale be quick- 


Nay, quoth he, on his -fwooning bed out-ftretch'd, 
If 1 mayn't carry, fure I'll ne'er be fetch'd, 
But vow, though the crofs doctors all ftood hear 

For one carrier put down to make fix bearers. 
Eafe was his chief difeafe, and to judge right, 
He dy'd for heavinefs that his cart went light : 
His leifure told him that his time was come, 
And lack of load made his life burthenfome, 
That ev'n to his laft breath (there be that fay't) 
As he wereprefsM to death, he cry'd more weight; 
But had his doings lafted as /hey were, 
He had been an immortal carrier. 
Obedient to the moon, he fpent his date 
In courfe reciprocal, and had his fate 
Link'd to the mutual flowing of the feas, 
Yet (ftrange to think) his wain was his increafe 5 
His letters are deliver'd all and gone, 
Only remain this fuperfcription. 

XIII. Ad Pyrrbam. Ode 7. 

Horatius ex Pyrrla illecebrit tanquam e naufragio 
cnataveratf cvjut amore irrctitos, ajjirmat effit mi' 

Qins multa gracilis te puer in rofa 
Perfufus liquidis urget odoribus, 
Grato, Pyrrha, fub antro ? 

Cui flavam rcligas comam 




Simplex munditiis ? heu quoties fidem 
jMutatofque deos flebit, et afpera 

Nigris aequora ventis 

Emirabitur infolens ! 
Qui nunc te fruitur credulus aurea, 
Qui femper vacuam Temper amabilem 

Sperat, nefcius auras 

Fallacis. Miferi quibus 
Intentata nites. Me tabula facer 
Votiva paries indicat uvida 

Sufpendiffe potenti 

Veftimenta maris Deo. 

XIII. Thefftb Ode of Horace, Lib. I. 

Quis multa gracilis te puer in rofa, rendered a!moft 
tuor.fjfor ivord "without rhime, according to the La 
tin meafure, as near as the language iv'ill permit. 

WHAT {lender youth bcdew'd with liquid odours 
Courts thee on rofes in fome pleafant cave, 

Pyrrha ? for whom bind'ft thou 

In wreaths thy golden hair, 
Plain in thy neatnefs ? O how oft fhall he 
On faith and changed gods complain, and feas 
. Rough with black winds and ftorms 

Unwonted fhall admire ! 
Who 'now enjoys thee, credulous, all gold, 
Who always vacant always amiable 

Hopes thee, of flattering gales 

Unmindful. Haplefs they [vow'd 

To whom thou untry'd feem'ft fair. Me in my 
Picture the facred wall declares to' have hung 

My dank and dropping weeds 

To the Hern God of fea. 

XIV. On the nciv forters of conference under the Long 

_DE CAUSE you have thrown off your Prelate lord 
And with ftiffvows renounc'd his liturgy, 

To feize the widow'd whore Plurality 
From them whofe fin ye envied, not abhorr'd, 
Dare ye for this adjure the civil fword 

To force our confciences that Chrift fet free, 
And ride us with a claffic hierarchy 
Taught ye by mere A. S. and Rotherford ? 

Men whofe life, learning, faith andpureintent, 
Would have been held in high efteem with Paul, 

Muft now bo nam'd and printed Heretics 
By fhallow Edwards and Scotch What-d'ye-call : 
But we do hope to find out all your tricks, 
Your plots and packing worfe than thofe of 


That fo the Parliament 

May with their wholefome and preventive fhcars 
Clip your phylacteries, though bauk your ears, 

And fuccour our juft fears, 

When they fhall read this clearly in your charge, 
New Prefbyter is but Old Prieft writ large. 


I. To the Nightingale. 

O NIGHTINGALE, that on yon bloomy fpray 
Warbleft at eve, when all the woods are ftill, 
Thou with freih hope the lover's heart does fill, 

While the jolly Hours lead on propitious May. 

Thy liquid notes that clofe the eye of day, 
f irft heard before the fhallow cuccco's bill, 
Portend fuccefs in love ; O if Jove's will 

Have link'd that amorous power to thy foft lay, 
Now timely fing, e'er the rude bird of hate 

Foretell my hopelefs doom in fome grove nigh ; 
As thou from year to year haft fung too late 

For my relief, yet hadft no reafon why : 

Whether the mufe, or love call thee his mate, 

Both them I ferve, and of their train am I 


leggiadra ircui bel nome honora 
L'herbofa val di Rheno, e il nobil varco, 
Bene e colui d'ogni valore fcarco 
Qual tuo fpirto gentil non innamora, 
Che dolcemente moftra fi di fuora 
De iui atti foavi giamai parco, 
E i don', che fon d'amor faette ed arco, 
La onde 1* alta tua virtu f 'infiora. 

Quando tu vaga parli, o lieta canti 
Che mover pofla duro alpeftre legno 

Guardi ciafcun a gli occhi, ed a gli orecchi 
Le'entrata, chi di te fi truova indegno ; 
Gratia fola di fu gli vaglia, inanti 
Che'l difio amorofa al cuor i 'invecchi. 


QUAL in colle afpro,al imbrunir di fera 
L' giovenetta paftorella - 

Va bagnando 1'herbetta ftrana e bella 
Che mal fi fpande a difufata fpera 
Fuor di fua natia alma primavera, 
Cofi Amor meco infu la lingua fnella 
Defta il fior novo di ftrania favella, 
Mentre io di te, vezzofamente altera, 

Canto, dal mio buon popol non intefo 
E'l bel Tamigi cangio col bel Aroo. 
Amor lo volfe, ed io a Faltrui peio 
Scppi ch' Amor cofa mai volfe indarno. 

Deh ! fofs' il mio cuor lento e'l duro feno 
A chi pianta dal ciel fi buon terreno. 

R.IDONSI donne e giovani amorofii 

M' accoftandofi attorno, e perche fcrivi, 

Perche tu fcrivi in lingua ignota e ftran i 
Verfeggiando d' amor, e come t' ofi ? 

Dinne, ie la tua fpeme fia mai vana, 
E de penfieri lo miglior t' arrivi ; 
Cofi mi van burlando, altri rivi 

Altri lidi t'afpettan, et altre onde 

Nelle cui verdi fponde 
Spuntati ad hor, ad hor a la tua chioma 

L'immortal guiderdond d' eterne frondi 
Perche alle fpalle tue foverchia foma ? 

Canzon dirotti, e tu per me rifpondi 
Dice mia Donna, e'l fuo dir, e il mio cuore 
Quefta e lingua di cui fi vauta Amore. 


DIODATI, e te'l diro con maraviglia, 
Quel ritrofo io ch'amor fpreggiar folea 
E de fuoi lacci fpeffo mi ridea 

Gia caddi, ov'huom dabben talhor f'impiglia. 

Ne treccie d' oro, ne guancia vermiglia. 
M' abbaglian si, ma fotto nova idea 
Pellegrina bellezza che'l cuor bea, 

Portamenti alti honefti, e nelle ciglia 
Quel fereno fulgor d' amabil nero, 

Parole adorne di lingua piu d' una, 

E'l cantar che di mezzo 1'hemifpero 

Traviar ben puo la faticofa Luna, 

E degli occhi fuoi auventa fi gran fuocq 

Che 1'inccrar gli orecchi mi fia poco. 

PER certo i bei voftr' occhi Donna mia 
Efler non puo che non fian lo mio fole 
Si mi percuoton forte, come ei fuole 
Per 1'arene di Libia chi f'invia, 

j Mentre un caldo vapor (ne fenti pria) 
Da quel lato fi fpinge ove mi duole, 
Che forfe amanti nelle lor parole 

l Chiaman fofpir ; io non fo che fi fia r. 


S O N.N E T S. 

Parte rinchiufa, e turbida fi cela 
Scoflb me il petto, e poi n'ufcendo poco 

Quivi d'attorno o f 'agghiaccia, o f 'ingiela ; 
3Ma quanto a gli occhi giunge a trovar loco 

Tutte le notti a me fuol far piovofe 

Finche mia Alba rivien colma di rofe. 


CJTIOVANE piano, e femplicetto amante 
Poi che fuggir me fteffo in dubbio fono 
Madonna a voi del mio cuor 1'hummil dono 

Faro divoto ; io certo a prove tante 

1/hebbi fedele, intrepido, coftante, 

De penfieri leggiadro, accorto, e buono ; 
Quando rugge il gran mondo, e feocca il tuono, 

S'arma di fe, e d' intero dimante, 

Tanto del forfe e d' invidia ficuro, 

Di timori, e fperanze al popol uie 

Quanto d'ingegno, e d' alto valor vago, 

E di cetta fonora, e delle mufe : 
Sol troverete in tal parte men duro 
Ove Amor mife 1'infanabil ago. 

VII. On bis being arr'ru'd at the acre of twenty 

How foon hath Time, the fubtle thief cf youth, 

Stol'n on his wing my three and twentieth 
year ! 

My hafting days fly on with full career, 
But my late fpring no bud or blofibm fhew'th. 
Perhaps my femblance might deceive the truth, 

That I to manhood am arriv'd fo near, 

And inward ripenefs doth much lefe appear, 
That fome more timely happy fpirits indu'th. 

Yet be it lefs or more, or foon or flow, 
It fhall be ftill in ftrideft meafure even 

To that fame lot, however mean or high, 
Toward which Time leads me, and the will of 

Heav'n ; 
All is, if I have grace to nfe it fo, 

As ever in nay great Taflc-mafter's eye. 

VIII. V/len tie A/ault txas intended to tie City. 

CAPTAIN or Colonel, or Knight in arms, 

Whofe chance on thefe defencelefs doors may 

If deed of honour did thee ever pleafe, [feize, 
Guard them, and him within protect from harms. 
He can requite thee, for he knows the charms 

That call fame on fuch gentle acts as thefe ; 

And he can fpread thy name o'er lands and 

Whatever clime the fun's bright circle warms, 

Lift not thy fpear againft the Mufes' bower j 
The great Emathion conqueror bid fpare 

The houfe of Pindarus, when temple' and 

Went to the ground : and the repeated air 

Of fad Electra's poet had the power 
TO fave th Athenian walls from ruin bare. 

IX. To a virtuous young Lady, 

LADY that in the prime of earlieft youth 

Wifely hath fhunn'd the broad way and the 


And with thofe few art eminently feen, 
That labour up the hill of heav'nly Truth, 
The better part with Mary and with Ruth, 
Choien thou haft ; and they that overween, 
And at thy growing virtues fret their fpleen, 
No anger find in thee, but pity' and ruth. 
Thy care is fix'd, and zealoufly attends 

To fill thy odorous lamp with deeds of light, 

And hope that reaps not fhame. Therefore be furc 

Thou, when the bridegroom with his feaftfui 


Paffes to blifs at the mid hour of night, 
Haft gain'd thy entrance, virgin wife and pure, 

X. To the Lady Margaret Ley. 

DAUGHTER to that good Earl, once prefident 
Of England's council, and her treasury, 
Who liv'd in both, unftain'd with gold or fee, 

And left them both, more in himfelf content, 

Till fad the breaking of that Parliament 
Broke him, as that difhoneft victory 
At Chseronea, fatal to liberty, 

Kill'd with report that old man eloquent, 

Though later born than to have known the days 
Wherein your father flourifh'd. yet by you, 

Madam, mtthinks I fee him living yet ; 
So well your word his noble virtues praife, 
That all both judge you to relate them true, 

And to poflefs them, honour'd Margaret. 

XI. On the detraction ivbich followed upon my writing 
certain treat ifes. 

A BOOK was writ of late call'd Tetrachordon, 
And woven clofe, both matter, form, and ftile ; 
The fubject new ; it walk'd the Town a while. 
Numb'ring good intellects ; now feldom por'd en. 
Cries the ftall-reader, Blefs us ! what a word on 
A title page is this ! and fome in file 
Stand fpelling falie, while one might walk to 

End Green. Why is it harder, Sirs, than Gordon, 

Colkitto, or Macdonnel, or Galafp ? 
Thofe rugged names to our like mouths grow 

That would have made Cuuntilian ftare and 

Thy age, like ours, O Soul of Sir John Cheek, 

Hated not learning worfe than toad or afp, 
When thon taught'ft at Cambridge, and King 
Edward Greek. 

XII. On tie fame. 

I DID but prompt the age to quit their clogs 
By the known rules of ancient liberty, 
When- ftrait a barbarous noife environs me 


Of owls and cuccoos, affes, apes, and dogs : 
As when thofe hinds that were transform'd to 

Rail'd at Latona s twin-born progeny, 

Which after held the fun and moon in fee. 
Jut this is got by catting pearls to hogs, 
That havvl for freedom in their fenfelefs mood, 
AnJ (till revolt when Truth would fet them free; 
Licence they mean when they cry Liberty; 

For who loves that, muft firft be wile and 

But from that mark how far they rove we fee, 

For all this wafte of wealth, and lofs of blood. 

XIII. To Mr. H. Latues, on bis Airs. 

[ARRY> whofe tuneful and well-meafur'd fong 
Firft taught our Englifh mufie how to fpan 
Words with juft note and accent, not to fcan 
With Midas' ears, committing fhort and long; 
Thy worth aed fkill exempts thee from the 


With praife enough for Envy to look wan ; 
To after age thou {halt be writ the man 
That with fmooth air could'ft humour beft our 

Thou honour'ft verfe, and verft muft lend her 


To honour thee, the prieft of Phoebus' quire, 

Thut tun'ft their happieft lines in hymn or ftory. 

Dante ftiallgive Tame leave to fet thee higher, 

Than his Caiella, whom he woo'd to ling 
Met in the milder {hades of Purgatory. 

IV. On tie religious memory of Mrs. Catharine 
Tbomfon, my Chriftian friend, dxcafcd l6//-> Dee. 

WHEN faith and love, which parted from thee 

Had ripen'd thy juft foul to dwell with God, 

Meekly thou didft refign this earthly load 
Of death, call'd life ; which us from life doth fever. 
Thy works and alms, and all thy good endeavour, 

Stay'd not behind, nor in the grave were trod, 

But as Faith pointed with her golden rod, 
Follow'd thee up to joy and blifs for ever. 

Love led them on, and Faith who knew them 

Thy hand-maids, clad them o'er with purple beams 

And azure wings, that up they flew fo dreft, 
And fpake the truth of thee on glorious themes 

Before the Judge, who thenceforth bid thee 

And drink thy fill of pure immortal ftreams. 

XV. To tbe Lord General Fairfax. 

FAIRFAX, whofe name in arms through Europe 


Filling each mouth with envy or with praife, 
And all her jealoub monarchs with amaze 

And rumours loud, that daunt remoteft kings 
Thy firm unfhaken virtue ever brings 

Victory thome, though new rebellions raife 

Their Hydra heads, and the falfe North difplays 
Her broken league to imp their ferpent wings. 

O yet a nobler tafk awaits thy hand, 
(For what can war, but endlefs war ftill breed ?) 
Till truth and right from violence be freed, 

And public faith clear'd from the fhameful 

Of public iraud. In viin doth Valor bleed, 

While Avarice and Rapine fhare the land. 

XVI. To tbe Lord General Cromwell. 

CROMWELL, our chief of men, who through L 
cloud , 

Not of war only, but detractions rude, 
Guided by faith, and matchlefs fortitude, 
To peace and truth thy glorious way haft 


And on thentckof crowned Fortune proud 
Haft rear'd God's trophies, and his work pur- 


While Darwen ftream with blood of Scots im 

And Dunbar field refounds thy praifes loud, 
And Worcester's laureat wreath. Yet much remains 
To conquer ftill ; Peace hath her victories 
No lefs renown'd than war : new foes arife 
Threat'ning to bind our fouls with fecular chains : 
Help us us to lave free confcience from the paw 1 
Of hireling wolves, whofe gofpel is their ma\v. 

XVII. To Sir Henry fane tbe younger. 

VANE, young in years, but in fage counfel old, 
Than whom a better fenator ne'er held 
The helm of Rome, when gowns not arms re- 
The fierce Epirot and the African bold, [pell'd 
Whether to fettle peace, or to unfold 

The drift of hollow ftates hard to be fpcll'd 

Then to advife how War may beft upheld 

Move by her two main nerves, iron and gold, 

In all her equipage : befides to know 
Both fpiritual power and civil, what each 

What fevers each, thou' haft learn'd, which few 

have done : 

The bounds of either fword to thee 'we owe ; 
Therefore on thy firm hand Religion leans 
In peace, and reckons tbee her eldeft fon. 

XVIII. On tbe late Ma/acre In Piemont. 

AVENGE, O Lord, thy flaughter'd faints, whofe 

Lie fcatter'd on the Alpine mountains cold ; 

Ev'n them who kept thy truth fo pure of old, 
When all our fathers worfhipt {locks and ftones, 
Forget not ; in thy book record their groans 

Who were thy fheep, and in their ancient fold 

Slain by the bloody Piemontefe that rolTd. 



Mother with infant down the rocks. Their 

The vales redoubled eo the hills, and they 
To Heav'n. Their martyr'd blood and aihes fovv 

O'er all th' Italian fields where ftill doih fway 
The triple Tyrant ; that from thele may grow 

A hundred fold, who having learn'd thy way, 
Early may fly the Babylonian woe. 

XIX. On bis blinJneJs. 

WHEN I confider how my light is fpent 

E'er half my days in this dark world and wide, 
And that one talent which is death to hide, 

Lodg'd with me ufeiefs, though my foul more 

To ferve therewith my Maker, and prefer.t 
My true account, left he returning chide ; 
Doth God exact day labour, light deny'd, 

I fondly aik ? but patience ro prevent 

That murmur, fon replies, God dorh not need 

Either man's work or his own gifts ; who heft 

Bear his mild yoke, they ferve him beft : his 
Is kingly ; thoufands at his bidding fpeed, [Hate 

And poft o'er land and ocean without reft ; 
They alfo ferve who only ftand and wait. 

XX. 7*0 Mr. Laivrencc. 

LAWRENCE, of virtuous father, virtuous fon, 
Now that the fields are dank, and ways are 


Where fhall we fometimes meet, and by the 
Help waftea fullcn day what may be won [fire 
From the hard feafon gaining ? time will run 
On fmoother, till Favanious re-infpire 
The frozen earth, and cloth in frefh attire 
The lily' and rofe, that neither fow'd nor fpun. 
What neat repaft fhall feaft us, light and 


Of Attic tafte, with wine, whence we may rife 
To hear the lute well touch'd, or artful 


Warble immortal notes and Tufcan air 
He who of thofe delights can judge, and fpare 
To interpofe them oft, is not unwife. 

XXI. To Cyriae S tinner. 

, whofe grandfire on the royal bench 
Of Britifh Themis, with no mean applaufe 
Pronourtc'd, and in his volumes taught our 

Which others at their bar fo often wrench ; 
To day deep thoughts refolve with me to drench 
In mirth, that after no repenting draws; 
Let Euclid reft, and Archimedes paufe, 
And what the Swede intends, and what the 


To meaiure life learn thou betimes, and know 
Tow'ard folid good what leads the neareft way ; 
For other things mild Heav'n a time ordains 
And disapproves that care, though wife in 


That with fuperfluous burden loads the day, 
And when God fends a cheerful hour refrains. 

XXII. To the fame. 

CYRIAC, this three years day thefe eyes, tho* 


To outward view, of blemiih or of fpot, ' 
Bereft of light, their feeing have forgot, 
Nor to their idle orbs doth fight appear 
Of fun, or moon, or ftar, throughout the year, 
Or man, or woman Yet I argue not 
Againft Heav'ri's hand or will, nor bate a jot 
Of heart or hope ; but ftill bear up, and fleer 
Right onward. What fupports me ? doft thou 

afk : 
The confcience, Friend, to' have loft them over^ 


Tn liberty's defence my noble talk, 
Of which all Europe talks from fide to fide. 
* This thought might lead me thro' the world's 

vain mafk, 
Content tho.ugh blind, had I no better guide. 

XXIII. On Ins deceafcd Wife. 

METHOUGHT I faw my late efpoufed faint 
Brought to me 'ike Alceftis from the grave, 
Whom Jove's great fon to her glad hufband gave 

Refcued from death by force though pale and 

Mine, as whom wafh'd from fpot of child-bed 


Purification in the old law did fave, 
And fuch, as yet once more I truft to have 

Full fighr of her in Heav'n without reftraint, 
Came vefted all in white, pure as her mind : 

Her face was veil'd, yet to my fancied fight 
Love, fweetnefs, goodnefs, in her perfon fhin'd 

So clear, as in no face with more delight. 
But O, as to embrace me fhe inclin'd, 

I wak'd, fhe fled, and day brought back my 


Pfalm I. Done into verfe, 1653. 

BLESSED is the man who hath not walk'd aftray 

In counfel of the wicked, and i' th' way 

Of fmners hath not ftood, and in the feat 

Of fcorners hath not fat. But in the great 

Jehovah's law is ever his delight, 

And ia his law he fludies day and night. 

He fhall be as a tree which planted grows 

By watry dreams, and in the feafon knows 

To yield his fruit, and his leaf fhall not fall ; 

And what he takes in hand fhall profper all. 

Not fo the wicked, but as chaff which fann'd 

The wind drives ; fo the wicked fhall not iland 

In judgment, or abide their trial then, 

Nor fmners in th' aflembly of juft men. 

For the Lord knows th' upright way of the juft, 

And the way of bad men to ruin muft. 

Pfalm II. Done Aug. 8, 1653. Terzette. 

WHY do the Gentiles tumult, and the nations 

Miife a vain thing, the kings of th' earth up- 

With power, and princes in their congregations 

Lay deep their plots together through each land 
Againft the Lord and his Mefiiah dear ? 

Let us break olf,fay they, by ftrength of hand, 
Their bonds, and caft from us, no more to wear 

Their twifted cords : he who in Heav'n doth 


Shall laugh, the Lord fhall feoff them, then fe- 

Speak to them in his wrath, and in his fell 
And fierce ire trouble them ; but I, faith he, 

Anointed have my King (though ye rebel) 
On Sion my holy hill. A firm decree 
I will declare ; the Lord to me hath faid 
Thou art my fon, I have begotten thee 

This day ; afk of me, and the grant is made ; 
As thy poffemon I on thee beftow 

Th' Heathen, and as thy conqueft to be fway'd 
Earth's utmoft bounds : them fhalt thou bring full 

With iron fceptre bruis'd, and them difperfe 
Like to a potters veffel fhiver'd fo. 

And now be wife, at length, ye Kings averfe, 

Be taught ye Judges of the earth ; with fear 
Jehovah ferve, and let your joy converfe 

With trembling ; kifs the Son, left he appear 
In anger, and ye perifh in the way, 

If once his wrath take fire like ?fuel fere, 
Happy all thofe who have him in their ftay . 

Pfalm m. Aug. 9, 1653. When he fed frem 

L<ORD how many are my foes ? 
How many thofe 

That in arms againft me rife ! 
Many are they 
That of my life diftruftfully thus fay, 

No help for him in God their lies. 
But thou, Lord ! art my fhield, my glory, 
Thee through my ftory 

Th' cxalter of my head I count ; 
Aloud I cry'd 
Unto Jehovah, he full foon reply'd, 

Ajid heard me from his holy mount. 
I lay and flcpt, I wak'd. again, 
For my fuftain 

Was the Lord. Of many millions 
The populous rout 
I fear not, though encamping round about 

They pitch againft me their pavilions. 
Rife, Lord fave me my God, for thou 
Haft fmote e'er now 

On the cheek-bone all my foes, 
Of men abhorr d 

Haft broke the teeth. This help was from the 

Thy bleffing on thy people flows. 

Pfalm iv. Aug. IO. 165^. 

ANSWER me, when I call, 

God of my righteoufnefs ; 

In ftraits and in diftrefs 
Thou didft me difinthral, 

And fet at large ; now fpare, 

Now pity me, and hear my earned prayer, 
Great ones, how long will ye 

My glory have in fcorn, 
How long be tjius forborn 



. Still to love vanity, 

To love, to feek, to prize 

Things falfe and vain, and nothing elfe but lie*? 
Yet know the Lord hath chofe, 

Chofe to himfelf apart, 

The good and meek of heart 
(For whom to choofe he knows) 

Jehovah from on high 

Will hear my voice what time to him I cry. 
Be aw'd ; and do not fin ; 

Speak to your hearts alone, 

Upon your beds, each one, 
And be at peace within. 

Offer the offerings juft 

Of righteoufnefs, and in Jehovah truft. 
Many there be that fay, 

Who yet will fhew us good ? 

Talking like this world's brood ; 
But, Lord, thus let me pray, 

On us lift up the light, 

Lift up the favour of thy count'nance bright. 
Into my heart more joy 

And gladnefs thou haft put, 

Than when a year of glut 
Their ftores doth over-cloy, 

And from their plenteous grounds 

With vaft increafe their corn and wine a- 

In peace at once will I 

Both lay me down and fleep, 

For thou alone doft keep 
Me fafe where'er I lie ; 

As in a rocky cell 

Thou, Lord, alone, ia fafety mak'ft me dwell. 

Pfalm v. Aug. I a. 1653. 

JEHOVAH ! to my words give ear, 

My meditation weigh 
The voice of my complaining hear, 

My King and God ; for unto thee I pray* 
Jehovah ! thou my early voice 

Shalt in the morning hear, 
1* th' morning I to thee with choice 

Will rank my pray'rs and watch till thou ap- 
For thou art not a God that takes [pear. 

In wickednefs delight, 
Evil with thee no biding makes, 

Fools or madmen ftand not within thy fight. 
All workers of iniquity 

Thou hat'ft ; and them unbleft 
Thou wilt deftroy that fpeak a lie ; 

The bloody' and guileful man God doth deleft . 
But I will in thy mercies dear, 

Thy numerous mercies, go 
Into thy houfe ; I in thy fear, 

Will tow'ards thy holy temple wbrfhip low. 
Lord, lead me in thy rightebufnefs, 

Lead me, bccaufe of thofe 
That do obferve if I tranfgrefs, 

Set thy ways right before, where Wy ftep goes. 
For in his faltring mouth unftable 

No word is firm or footh ; 
Their infide, troubles njtferable j 

An open grave their throat, their tongue they 
God, find them guilty ; let them fall [fmooth. 

By their own counfeh quell'd ; 
Pufh them in rheir rebellions all 

Still on ; for againft thee they have rebell'd. 
Then all who truft in thee lhail bring 

Their joy, while thou from blame 
Defend'ft them, they fhall ever fing 

And ftull triumph in thee, who love thy name. 
For thou, Jehovah, wilt be found 

To blefs the juft man ftill 
As with a fliield thou wilt lurround 

Him with thy lading favour and good will. 

Pfulin VI. Aug. 13, 1653. 

LORD ! in thine anger do not reprehend me, 

Nor in thy hot difpleafure me correct ; 

Pity me, Lord, for I am much deject, 
And very weak and faint ; heal and amend me ? 
For all my bones, that even with anguifh ake, 

Are troubled, yea my foul is troubled fore, 

And thou, O Lord, how long ? turn, Lordj 


My foul, O fave me for thy goodnefs fake : 
For in death no remembrance is of thee ; 
Who in the grave can celebrate thy praife ? 

Wearied I am with fighing out my days. 
Nightly my couch I make a kind of fea ; 
My bed I water with my tears ; mine eye 

Through grief confumes, is waxen old and dark, 

I' th' midft of all mine enemies that mark. 
Depart all ye that work iniquity, 
Depart from me, for the voice of my weeping 

The Lord hath heard, the Lord hath heard 
my pray'r, 

My fupplication, with acceptance fair 
The Lord will own, and have me in his keeping. 
Mine enemies fhall all be blank, and daih'd 

With much confufion ; then, grown red with 

They fhall return in hafte the way they came, 
And in a moment ihall be quite abafh'd. 

Pfalm vn. Aug. 14. 1653. 
Upon tie u-on/s of Cufb the Benjamite againft bim* 

LORD ! my God to thee I fly ; 

Save me, and fecure me under 
Thy protection while 1 cry, 

Left as a lion (and no wonder) 

He hafte to tear my foul afunder, 
Tearing, and no refcue nigh. 
Lord my God, if I have thought 

Or done this ; if wickednefs 
Be in my hands ; if I have wrought 

111 to him that meant me peace, 

Or to him have render 'd lefs, 
And not freed my foe for nought ; 
Let th' enemy purfue my foul 

And overtake it let him rread 
My life down to the earth and roll 

In the duft my glorv uead 

In the duft, and there-out fpread> 


it with dlflionour foul. 
Rife^ Jehovah, in thine ire, 

Roufe thyfelf amidft the rage 
Of my foes that urge like fire ; 

And wake for me, their fury' affwage ; 

Judgment here thou didft engage 
Aad command which I defire. 
So th 1 aflemblies of each nation 

Will furround thee, feefcing right, 
Thence to thy glorious habitation 

Return on high, and in their fight. 

Jehovah judgeth moft upright 
All people from the world's foundation, 
Judge me, Lord ; be judge in this 

According to my righteoufnefs, 
And the innocence which is 

Upon me : caufe at length to ceafe 

Of evil men the wickednefs 
A nd their pow'r that do amifs. 
But the juft eftaMifh faft, 

Since thou art the juft God that trie* 
Hearts and reins. On God is call 
My defence, and in him lies, 

In h'm who both juft and wife 
Saves th' upright of heart at laft. 
God is a juft judge and fevere, 

And God is* every day offended ; 
If the unjuft will not forbear, 

His fword he whets, his b&w hath bended 

Already, and for him intended 
The tools of death, that waits him near. 
(His arrows purpofely made he 

For them that perfecute-) Behold 
He travels big with vanity ; 

Trouble he hath conceiv'd of old 

As in a womb, and from that mould 
Hath at length brought forth a lie. 
He digg'd a pit, and delv'd it deep, 

And fell into the pit he made ; 

His mifchief that due courfe doth keep, 

Turns on his head, and his iil trade 

Or' violence will undelay'd 
Pall on his crown with ruin fteep. 
Then will I Jehovah's praife, 
According to his juftice raife, 
And fing the Name and Deity 
Of Jehovah the Moft High. 

PJalm viii. Aug. 14. 1653. 

O JEHOVAH, our Lord, how wondrous great 

And glorious is thy name through all the earth ! 
So as above the Heav'ns thy praife to fet 

Out of the tender mouths of lateft birth. 
Out of the mouths of babes and fucklings thou 

Haft founded ftrength becaufe of all thy foes, 
To ftint th' enemy, and flack th' avengers' brow, 

That bends his rage thy providence to' oppofe. 
When I behold thy Heav'ns, thy fingers' art, 

The moon and ftars which thou fo bright haft 
In the pure firmament, then faith my heart, [fct 

O what is man that thou remembreft yet, 
And think ft upou him ; or of man begot, 

That him thou vifit'ft, and of him art found ? 
Scarce to be lefs than gods, thou mud' ft his lot ^ 

With honour and with ftate thou haft him 

O'er the works of thy hand thou mad'fthim lord, 

Thou haft put all under his lordly feet, 
All flocks, and herds, by thy commanding word,. 

AH beafts that in the field or foreft meet, 
Fowls of the Heav'ns, aad fiftv that through the 


See paths in fhoals do flide, and know ri^ 

Jehovah, our Lord, how wondrous great 
And glorious is thy name through all the earth* 

Nine of the Pfolms done into metre, whereat all, but 
what is in a different cbaracJer, are the very words- 
of the texty tranjlated from the original. Afri 
J. M. 

Pfalm LXXX. 

1 THOU Shepherd that doll Ifrael teef. 
Give ear in time of need, 

Who leadeft like a flock of fheep 

Thy loved Jofeph's feed, 
That fitft between the cherubs bright 

Between their wings out-Jfiread, 
Shine forth, and from thy cloud give light t 

And on our foes tby dread* 

I In Ephraim's view and Benjamin's, 
And in Manaffe's fight, 

Awake thy ftrength, come, and befeen 
To fave us by tby might* 

3 Turn us again, tby grace divine 
To us, O God, vouchfafe ; 

Caufe thou thy face on us to fhine, 
And then we fliall be fafe. 

4 Lord God of Hofts, how long wilt thou, 
How long wilt thou declare 

Thy fmoking wrath, and angry brow 
Againft thy people's pray'r! 

5 Thou feedft them with the, bread of 
Their bread with tears they eat, 

And mak'ft them largely drink the tear* 
Wherewith their cheeks are wet, 

6 A ftrife thou mak'ft us, and a prey 
To every neighbour foe, 

Among themfelres they laugh, they play. 
And flouta at us they throw. 

7 Return us, and thy grace divine 
O God of Hofts, voucbfafe ; 

Caufe thou thy face on us to ihine, 
And then we fhall be fafe. 

8 A vine from Egypt thou haft brought, 
Tby free love made it thine t 

And drov'ft our nations, proud and haut^ 
To plant this lovely vine. 

9 Thou didft prepare for it a place, 
And root k deep and faft, 

That it began to grow aface y 
And fill'd the land at trjl. 

10 With her green fhade that cover'd eff, 
The hills were overffrcad ; 

Her boughs as big h as cedars tall 
Advanced their lofty head. 

II Her branches on the wejltrJ*tf 
Down to the fea (he fent, 

SA L M 9. 

And upward to that river ivlde 

Her other branches tvent. 
IZ Why haft thou laid her hedges low, 

And broken down her fence, 
That all may pluck her, as they go, 

JVith rudejl violence ? 

13 The tujked boar out of the wood 
Up turns it by the roots ; 

Wild beafts there brouze, and make their food 
Her grapes and tender floats. 

14 Return now, God of Holts, look down 
From Htav'n, thy feat divine, 

Behold us, but ivithout a frown, 
And vifit this thy vine. 

15 Vifit. this vine, which thy right hand 
Hath fet, and planted long, 

And the young branch, that for thyfelf 
Thou halt made firm and ftrong. 

1 6 But now it is coufum'd with fire, 
And cut iv/th axes down, 

They perifli at thy dreadful ire, 
At thy rebuke and frown. 

17 Upon the Man of thy right hand 
Let thy good hand be laid, 

Upon the Son of man, whom thou 
Strong for thyfelf haft made. 

18 So fhall we not go back from thee 
To 'ways of fin and Jbame ; 

Quicken us thou, \hci\gladly we 
Shall call upon thy name. 

19 Return us, and thy grace divine, 
Lord God of Hofts, voucbfafe ; 

Cauie thou thy face on us to fhine, 
And then we fhall be fafe. 

Pfal.n LXXXI. 

1 To God our flrcngth fing loud, and clear, 
Sing loud to God our King, 

To Jacob's God, that all may bear 
Loud acclamations ring. 

2 Prepare a hymn, prepare a fong, 
The timbrel hither bring, 

The cheerful pfiiliry bring along, 
And harp with pldafent^wig-. 

3 Blow, as is ivont, m the new moon 
With trumpets' lofty found ', 

Th' appointed time, the day whereon 
Our folemn feaft comes round. 

4 This was a ftatute /V of old 
For Ifrael' to obferve, 

A law of Jacob's God, to hold, 

From ivhence they might not fivcrve. 

5 This he a teflimony' ordain'd 
In Jofeph, not to change, 

When as he pafs'd through Egypt land ; 
The tongue I heard was ftrange. 

6 From burden, and from Jlavifi toil 
I fet his fhoulder free .: : 

His hands from pots, and miry foil 
Deliver'd were by me. 

7 When trouble did thee fore aJOTail, 
On me then didft thou call, 

And I to free thee did not fail, 
And led tbee out of thrall. 

I anfwer'd thee in thunder deep 
With clouds encompafs'd round 

I try'd thee at the water^y?^ 

Of Merbia renowned. 

8 Hear, O my people, hearken ivell, 
I teftify to thee, 

Thou ancient Jlock of Ifrael, 
If thou wilt lilt to me, 

9 Throughout the land of thy abode 
No alien god fhall be, 

Nor fhalt thou to a foreign god 
In honour bend thy knee. 

10 I am the Lord thy God which brought 
Thee out of Egypt's land ; 

Aik large enough, and I, befought^ 
Will grant thy full demand, 

II And yet my people would not hear, 
Nor hearken to my voice ; 

And Ifrael, ivbom I lov'dfo dear, 

Miflik'd me for his choice. 
12 Then did I leave them to their will, 

And to their wand'ring mind ; 
Their own conceits they follow'd (till, 

Their own devices blind. 
130 that my people would be wife, 

To ferve me all their days, 
And'O that Ifrael would advtfe 

To walk my righteous ways ! 

14 Then would 1 foon bring down their foes, 
That noiu fo proudly rife, 

And turn my hand againft allthofe 
That are their enemies. 

15 Who hate the Lord fhould then be fain 
To bow to him and bend, 

But they, his people, Jbould remain, 
Their time fhould have no end. 

1 6 And he would feed them from the jkoch 
With flour of fineft wheat, 

And fatisfy them from the rock 
With honey for their meat. ' 

Pfalm LXXXII. 
I C?OD in the great affembly ftands 

Of kings and lordly Jlates ; 
Among the gods, on both his hands 

He judges and debates. 
1 How long will ye pervert the right 

With judgment falfe and wrong, 
Favouring the wicked by your might, 

Who thence grotu bold and ftrong ? 

3 Regard the weak and fatherless, 
Difpatch the poor man's caufe, 

And raife the man in deep diftrefs, 
By juft and equal laws* 

4 Defend the poor and defolate, 
And refcuefrom the hands 

Of wicked men the low eftate 
Of him that help demands. 

5 They know not, nor will underhand, 
In darknefs they walk on ; 

The earth's foundations all are rhov'd, 
And out of order gone. 

6 I faid that ye were gods, yea all 
The fons of God rnoft high j, 

P S -A L M 

7 But ye (hall die like men, and fell 

As other princes die. 
S Rife God, judge thou the earth in mi 

This wicked earth redrefs, 
For thou art he who {halt by right 

The nations all poflefs. 

Pfalm LXXXHI. 

I BE not thou filent noivat 
O God hold not thy peace, 

Sit thou not ftill, O God of jlrength^ 

We cry, and do not ceafe. 
3 For low thy furious foes now fwell, 

And llornt&utrageoufly, 
And they that hate th/e praud and fell 

Exalt their heads fall high. 

3 Againft thy people they contrive 
Their plots and counfels deep, 

Them to infnare they chiefly ftrive 
Whom thoa doft hide and keep. 

4 Come let us cut them off, fay they, 
Till they no nation be, 

That IfraeFs name for ever may 
Be loir i'n memory. 

5 For they coniolt with all their might, 
And all as one -in miad 

Themfelves againft thee they unite, 
And in firm union hind. 

6 The tents of Edom, and the brood > 

Moah, with them of Hngar's blood, 
- That in the defert dwell. 

7 Gebal and Ammon there conffire t 
And hateful Anialec, 

The Philiftines, and they of Tyre, 
Whtfe bounds the fia dsth check. 

8 With them great Aftiur aifo bands 
And ffotb confirm the kuot : 

All thefe have lent their ann^ed hands , 
To aid the fons of Ijot. 

9 Do to them as to Midiun LoU, 
That -unified ait the ctafa 

To Sifera, and, as is told, 

Thou didjl to Jabin's hoft, 
When at the brook of Kifhon old 

They ivcrc refuis'd and Jtain, 

10 At Endor quite cut off, and roll'd 
As dung upon the plain. 

II As Zeb and Oreb evil fped, 
So let their princes fpeecl, 

As Zeba and Zalmunna //, 
So let their princes bleed. 

11 For they, atnldji their pride, have faid, 
By right naw {hall we feize .;. .tr: .; 

God's houfes, and will -KOIV invade 
Their {lately palaces. 

13 My God, oh make them as a wheel, 
No quiet l<t ihetn JinJ, 

Giddy and rejllefs let thvn reel 
Like ftubble from the wind. 

14 As when an agfd wood takes fire, 
Which on a fuihlen Jlrjys, 

..The gre_edy flames run higher and higher, 
Till all thg mountains bh;:c. 

15 So wi h thy whirlwind them purfue, 
And with thy te'mpeft chace ; 

1 6 And till they yield thee honour dne, f 4 
Lord, fill with {hame their face. 

1 7 Afham'd and troubled let them be, 
Troubled, and afhum'd for ever, 

Ever confounded, and fo die 
With fliame, and 'fcape it never. 

1 8 Then {hall they know that thou, whofe name 
Jehovah is alone, 

Art the moft High, and thou the fame 
O'er all the earth art one. 

I How lovely are thy dwellings fair 

O Lord of Hofts, how dear 
The pleafant tabernacles arc, 

Where thni drjl dwell fo i/Mr ! 
1 My foul doth long and aim oft die 

Thy coi:rts, O Lord to fee, 
My heat rand fielh aloud doth cry, 

O living Gx>d, for thee.' 

3 There ev'n the fparrow freed from wrung 
Hath found a'houfe*xxf rcJl-\ 

The f\vatlo-w there, .to lay her young 

H:ith huilt her brooding -ntft ; 
Ev'n by thy altars, Lord of Hofts, 

Tb-y find iLeirfift alo;ic, 
And hohze they jly frvm round tie cofijts 

Taiv'rd tke, my King, rny G-od. 

4 Happy, who in thy houfe re : fide. 
Where thee they -.ever praife ; 

5 Happy, who in thee doth bide, 
And in their hearts thy ways. 

6 They pafs'd through Baca's thlrfy vale, 
That dry and barren ground, 

As through a fruitful wat'ry dale 
Where fprings and {howers abmmd. 

7 They journey on from ftrength to ftrerjgth, 
With joy end gladnefs c/'.'tr, 

Till all before our God at length 
In Siou do appear. 

8 Lord God of Hofts, hear now my pray'r, 
O "Jacob's God, ^ive ear, 

9 Thou 'God our fhield, look on the face 
Of thine anointed dear.^ 

10 For one day in thy courts to fa 
Is better, and more bleJJ, 

Than in the joys if vanity 

A thoufand days at bcjl. 
I in the temple of my God 

Had rather keep a door, 
Than dwell in tents, and rich el>oJe y 

With fin for evermore. 

1 1 For God the Lord both fun and fiiield 
Gives grace and glory bright, 

No good from them {hall be with-held 
Whofe ways are juft and right. 

1 2 Lord God of Hofts, that reign Jl on hlgt t 
That man is bleft, 

Who only on thee doth rely, 
And in thec only reft. 

M ' 



I THY land to favour gracioufly 

Thou haft not, Lord, been flack ; 
Thou haft from bard captivity 

Returned Jacob back, 
a Th' iniquity thou doft forgive 

That wrought: thy people woe, 
And all their fin, that did thee grieve, 

Haft hid where none Jhatt know. 

3 Thine anger all thou hadft remov'd, 
And calmly didil return 

From thy fierce wrath, which we had prov'd 
Far worfe than fire to burn. 

4 God of our faving health and peace, 
Turn us, and us reftore, 

Thine indignation caufe to ccafe 
Tow'rd US, and chide no more. 

5 Wilt thou be angry without end, 
For ever angry thus, 

Wilt thou thy frowning ire extend 
From age to age on us ? 

6 Wilt thou not turn, and bear our -voice 
And us again revive, 

That fo thy people may rejoice 
By thee preferv'd alive. 

7 Caufe us to fee thy goodnefs, Lord, 
To us thy mercy {hew, 

Thy faving health to us afford, 
And life ix its renew. 

8 And now what God the Lord will fpeak, 
I 'will go f rait and hear ; 

For to his people he fpeaks peace, 

And to his faints///// dsar. 
To his dear faints he will fpeak peace, 

But let them 'never more 
Return to folly, butfurceafe 

To trefpafs as before. 

9 Surely to fuch as do him fear 
Salvation is at hand, 

And glory fliail e er long appear 
<o dwell within our land. 

10 Mercy and Truth that long were mifs'd 
No\v joyfully are met; 

Sweet Peace and Righteoufnefs have kifs'd, 
And hind in hand are fet. 

11 Truth from the. earth, like to a flower, 
Shall bud and bloffom them, 

And Juftice from her heav'nly bow'r 

Look down on mortal men. 
iz The Lord will alfo then beflow 

Whatever thing is good ; 
Our land {hall forth in plenty throw 

Her fruits to be our food. 
13 Before him Righteoufnefs fhall go 

If is royal harbinger ; 
Then will he come, and not be flow," 

His foodleps cannot err. 

f faint LX xx vi. 

I THY gracious car, O Lord, incline, 

O hear me, 7 thee pray ; 
.For I am poor, and almoft pine 

With need, and fad decay. 

Preferve my foul ; for I have trod 
Thy ways, and love the juft ; 
ave thou thy fervant, O my God, 

Who//// in thee doth truft. 

Pity me, Lord, for daily thee 

I call ; 4. O make rejoice 
Ivy fervant's foul ; for, Lord, to thee 

I lift my foul and voicf. 

For thou art good ; thou, Lord, art prons 

To pardon ; thou to all 
rt full of mercy ; thou alone, 

To them that on thee call. 

Unto my fupplication, Lord, 

Give ear, and to the, cry 
f my ificeffant pray'rs afford 

Thy hearing gracioufly. 

I in the day of my diftrefs 

Will call on thetforaiJ; 
"or thou wilt grant me free accefs, 

And aiifwer what I prayed. 

Like thee among the gods is nonr, 

Lord, nor any works 
Of all that other gods havs done 

Like to thy glorious works. 

The nations all whom thou haft made 

Shall cgme, and- all. Jbal I frame 
'o bow than low before thee, Lord, 

And glorify thy name. 
o For great thou art, and wond'rous grea 

By thy ih-ong hand are done ; 
Thou //; tby eve rlajling fiat 

Remaineft God alone. 

11 Teach me, O Lord, thy way mojl right, 

1 in toy trmb. will bide ; 

To f' thy name my heart unite, 
ScJJjt.t't it never Jltde. 

12 Thee will I praife, Q Lord my God, 
Thee honour and adore 

With my whole heart, and blaze abroad 
Thy name for evermore. 

1 3 For great thy mercy is tow'rd me, 
And thou haft frce'd my foul, 

Ev'n from theloweft Hell fet free, 

From dcfpijl darknefs foul. 
146 God, the proud againft me rife,. 

And violent men are met 
To feek my life, and in their eyes 

No fear of thee have fet. 

15 But thou, Lord, art the God moft mild, 
Rcadieft thy grace to fhew, 

Slow to - be angry, andartflird 
Moft merciful, mpft true. 

1 6 O turn to me tby face at length, 
And me have mercy on ; 

Unto thy fervant give thy ftrength, 
And fave thy handmaid's fon. 

17 Some fign of good to me afford^ 
And let my foes then fee, 

And be aftiam'd, becaufe thou, Lord, 
I)oft help and comfort me. 

Pfalm LXXXyil. 

I-AMONG tke holy mountains high 
Is his foundation fall ; 



in Us fanfiuarf, 

His temple there is plac d. 
Sion's/> gates the Lord oves more 

Than all the dwellings fair 
Of Jacob's land, though there before, 

And all "within his Care. 

3 City of God, moft glorious things 
Of thee abroad are fpoke ; 

4 I mention Egypt, ivhere proud king s 
Did our forefathers yoke. 

I mention Babel to my friends, 

Philiftia full of /corn, 
And Tyre with Ethiop's utmojl cnds^ 

JLo this man there was born : 

5 But twice that praifc Jkall in our ar 
Be faid of Sion loft. 

This, and this man was born in her, 
High God (hall fix her Faft. 

6 The Lord (hall write it in a fcroll 
That ne'er, lhall be out-worn, 

When he the nations doth inrol, 
That this man there was born . 

7 Both they who firig and they who dance, 
With facredfonvs are there, 

In thee frejb brooks, and foft Jlreams glance ^ 
And all my fountains clear. 


X I..ORD God thou doft me fave and keep, 

All day to thee I cry ; 
And all night long before thee iveep t 

Before thee prof rate lie. 
3, Into thy prefence let my pray'r 

Withfighs devout afcend t 
And to my cries, that ceafelefs are, 
Thine ear with favour bend. 

3 For cloy'd with woes and trouble ftore 
Surcharg'd my foul doth He, 

My life at Death's unchcerfnl door 
Unro the grave draws nigh. 

4 Reckon'd I am with them that pafs 
Down to the difmal pit ; 

I am a man, but weak, alas! 
And for that name unfit. 

5 From lii'e difcharg'd and parted quite 
Among th? vk-ad to Jlcep, 

> And like the flain in bloody fight 

That in the grave lie deep, 
Whom thou remembereft no more, 

Doft never more regard, 
Them from thy hand deliver'd o'er 

Death ' s hie/eons houfe hath barr'd. 
(> Thou in the loweft pit profound 

Haft fet me all forlorn, 
Where thickeft darknefs hovers rounJ, 

In horrid deep* to mourn. 

7 Thy wrath, from which no Jhcltcrfa-ves t 
Full fore doth prefs on me ; 

Thou break'ft upon me all thy waves, 
And all thy waves break me. 

8 Thou doft my friends from me eftrange, 
And mak'ft me odious ; 

Me to them odious ; for they clangr t 
.And I here pent up thus, 

Through forrow, and afflictions great, 
Mine eyes grow dim and dead ; 
jord, all the day I thee intreat, 
My hands to thee I fpread. 

Wilt thou do wonders on the dead ; 
Shall the deceas'd arife, 

And praife thee from their loathfome bed 
With pale and holloiv eyes ? 

1 Shall they thy loving kindnefs tell 
On whom the grave hath hold, 

>r they who in perdition dwell, 
Thy faithfuhwfs unfold? 

12 In darknefs can thy mighty hand 
Or wond'rous a&s be known, 

Thy juftice in the gloomy land 
Of dark oblivion ! 

13 But I to thee, O Lord, do cry, 
E'er yet my life be f pent, 

And -up to thee my pray'r doth hie 
Each morn, and thee .prevent, 

14 Why wilt thou, Lord, my foul forfakcj, ', 
And hide thy face from me ? 

15 That am already bruis'd and make 
With terror fent from thee ? 

Bruis'd, and afflided, and/? low 

As ready to expire,, 
While I thy terrors undergo ;; 

Aftonifhed with thine ire. 

1 6 Thy fierce wrath over" me doth flow 
Thy threat'nings cut me through : 

17 All day they round about me go, 
Like waves they me purfue. 

18 Lover and friend thou haft rcmov'd, 
And fever'd from me far * 

Theyjf?y me noiu whom I have lov'd, 
And as in darknefs are* 

A Parafilrafe on Pfalm cxiv. 

T/6/j and the following Pfalm tut re done by the AtitJjor 
at fifteen years old. 

WHEN the bleft feed of Terah's faithful fon 
After long toil their liberty had won, 
And paft from Pharian fields to Canaan land, 
Led by the ftrength of the Almighty's hand, 
Jehovah's wonders were in Ifrael fhewn, 
His praife and glory was in Ifrael known. 
That faw the troubled fea, and fhivering fled, 
And fought to hide his froth becurle-d head 
Low in the earth ; Jordan's clear ftreanis recoil, 
^Vs a faint hoft that hath receiv'd the foil. 
The high, huge bellied mountains Ikip like rams 
Amongft their ewes, the little hills like lambs. 
Why fled the ocean ? and why ikipt the moun 
tains ? 

Why turn'd Jordan tow'rd his cryftal fountains I 
Shake, earth, and at the prefence be aghaft, 
Of him that ever was, and ay lhall laft, 
That glaffy floods from ruggged rocks can crufh, 
And make foft rills from fiery flint-ftones gufc 

Pfalm cxxxvi. 

L*ET us with a gladfome mind 
Praifc the Lord ; for he is kind ; 

S A L M S. 

For his mercies ay endrtre, 

Ever faithful, ever fure. 
Let us blaze his name abroad j 
For of gods he is the God ; 

For his, &c. 
O let us his praifes tell, 
"Who doth the wrathful tyrants quell. 

For his, &c. 

Who with his miracles doth make 
Amazed Heav'n and earth to lhake. 

For his, UJV. 

Who by his wifdom did create 
The painted Heav'n fo full of flate. 

For his, &c. 

Who did the folid Earth ordain 
To rife above the wat'ry plain. 

For his, &c. 

Who by his all-commanding might 
Did 1 fill the new made world with light. 

For his, EsV. 

And caus'd the golden-trefled fun 
All the day long his courfe to run. 

For his, &c. 

The horned moon to Ihine by night* 
Amongft her fpangled fiflers bright. 

For his, &c. 

He with his thunder-clafping hand 
Smote the firft born of Egypt land. 

For his, &c. 

And in defpite of Pharaoh fell, 
He brought from thence, his Ifrael. 

For his, bV. 

The ruddy waves he cleft in twain 
Of the Erythraean main. 

For his, fcfe 
The floods flood ftill like walls of glafs, 

While the Hebrew bands did paftu 

For his, bV . 

But full foon they did devour 
The tawny king with all his power. 

For his, &c. 

His chofen people he did blefs 
In the wafteful wildernefs. 

For his tsV. 

In bloody battle he brought dowtj 
Kings of prowefs and renown. 

For his, tffV. 

He foil'd bold Seon and his hoft, 
That rul'd the Amoirean coaft. 

For his, &c. 

And large limb'd Og he did fubdue, 
With all his over-hardy crew. 

For his, \S?c. 
And to his fervant Ifrael 
He gave their land therein to dwell. 

For his, &c. 

He hath with a piteous eye 
Beheld us in our mifery. 

For his, ts'c. 

And freed ut from the flavery 
Of the invading enemy. 

For his, & c . 

All living creatures he doth feed, 
And with full hand iupplies their need, 

For his, bV. 

Let us therefore warble forth 
His mighty majefty and worth. 

For his, &c. 

That his manfion hath on high 
Above the reach of mortal eye. 

For his mercies ay endure. 

Ever faithfulj ever fure., 



HJEC qua fcqmtHtur de Authore ieflimcnip, tantetfi ipfe intelligent non tarn de fe quamfufrafe effe difia, so 
quod pradaro ingenio viri, nee non amid ita fere folent laudare y vt omnia fuis potius virtuti bus , auam veritati 
congruentia nimis cupiJo ajpngant ; noluit tamen borum egregiam in fe valuntatem non {ejje notatn ; cum alii 
prefertim ut id faceret magttopere fuaderunt. Bum enim nimiae laudis invidiam totis at ft viribus amclitur, 
ftbique quod plus eequo eft non attributum ejfi ma-vult^judidum interim bominum cordatorum atque illujlrium quin 
fummo fibi bonori ducat, negate non fotejl. 

Joannes Baptijla Manfus, Marcbio Pilknjis, Neopo- 
Jitanuj, ad Joannem Miltonium Anglum. 

UT mens, forma, decor, fades, mos, fi pictasfic, 
Nuo anglus, verum hercle Angelus ipfe lores. 

Ad Joannem Miltonem Anglum, triplici pacfios laurta 
coronanduin^ Gr&ca nimirum, Lat'ma, atque He* 
trnfca epigramma, Joannis Salftlli Romani. 

CEDE Meles, cedat dcprefla Mincius urna ; 

Sebetus Taffum definat iifque loqui ; 
At Thamcfis vi6tor cundlis ferat altior undas, 

Nam per te, Milto, par tribus unus erit. 

Ad Joannes Mtltonum* 

GR^CIA Maeonidem, jadet fibi Roma Maror.em 
Anglia Miltonum jadlat utrique parem. 

Al Signior Gio. Miltoni t nciile Inglefe. 

ERGIMI all'Etrao Clio 

Perche di ftelle intreccierd corona 

Non piu del Biondo Dio 
JLa Fronde eterna in Pindo, e in Elicona, 

Dienfi a merto maggior, maggiori i fregi, 
A' celefte virtu celefti pregi. 
Non puo del tempo edace 
Rimaner preda, eterno alto valore 

No puo 1'oblio rapacc 
Furar dalle memorie eccelfo onorcj 

Su 1' arco di mia cetra un darda forte 
Virtu m'addatti, e ferriio la morte. 
Del Ocean profondo 
Cinta dagli ampi gorghi Anglia reficde 
Separata dal niondo, 

Fero che il fuo valor 1'umana ecctfde : 
Quefta feconda fa produrre Eroi, 
Ch' hanno a ragion delfovruman tra nol 
Alia virtu fbandita 
| Danno ne i petti lor fido ricetto* 

Quella gli e fol gradita, 
Perche in lei fun trovar giola, e dilleto ; 

RidiJlo tu, Giovanni, e moftra in tantd 
Con tua vera virtu, vero il mio Canto. 
Lungi dal Patrio lido 
Spmfe Zeufi 1* induftre ardente brama ; 

Ch' udio d' Helena il grido 
Con aurea tromba rimbonibar la fama, 
E per r,oterla tffigiarc al paro 
Dalie piu belle Idee traffe il piu raro. 
Cofi 1'Ape Ingegnofa 
Trae con induftria il f^o liquor pregiato 

Dal giglio e dalla rofa, 
E quanti vaghi fieri ornano il prato; 

Formano un doke fuon diverfe Chorde, 
Fan vane voci melodia concordc. 
Di bella gloria amenta 
Milton dal Ciel natio per varie parti 

e peregrine piante 
Volgefli a ricercar fcienze, ed arti ; 

Del Gallo regnator vedefti i Regni, 
E dell' Italia ancor gl* Eroi piu degnJ. 
Fabro quafi divino 
Sol virtu rintracciando il tuo pcnfiero 

Vide in ogni confino 
Chi di nobil valor calca il fentiero { 

I/ ottimo dal miglior dopo fcegliea 
Per fabbricar d' ogni virtu 1' Idea* 
Quanri nacquerp in Flora 
On in lei del parlar Tofco apprefer 1* afte^ 

La cui memoria onora 
II mondo fatta eterna in dotte carte, 
Volcfti ricercar par tuo teforo, 
E parlafti con lor nell* opre loro. 
Nell' altera Babelle 
Per tc il parlar confufe Giove in vano, 

M iij 


Che per varie favelle 
Di ie fleffa trofeo cadde fu'l piano : 

Ch' Ode oltr' all Anglia il fuo piu degno 


Spagna, Francia, Tofcana, e Grecia e Rcma, 
I piu profondi arcani 
Ch' occi.ita la natura e in ciclo e in terra 

Ch' a Ingegni fovrumani 
Troppo avaro tal'hor gli chiude, e ferra, 
Chiaromentc conofci, e giungi al fine 
Delia moral virtude all gran confine. 
Non batta il Tempo Tale, 
Feimifi immoto, e in un fermin fi gP anni, 

Che di virtu immortale 
Scorron ui troppo ingiuriofi a i danni ; 

Che b'opre degue di Potma o flo ria 
Furon gia, Thai prefenti alla,memoria. 
Dammi tua dolce Cct'a 
Se vuoi ch' ia dica del tuo dolce canto, 

Ch' inalzandoti all' Etra 
Di farti huomo celeile ottiene il vanto, 
In Tamigi il dira che gl' e conctfib 

Per te fuo cigno parreggiar Permeiib. 
I o che in riva del Arno 
Tento fpiegar tuo merto alto, e preclaro 

So che fatico indarno, 
E ad amirar, non a lodarlo imparo ; 

Freno dunque la lingua, e afcolto il core 
Che ti prende a lodar con io ftupore. 
Del. Sig. Antonio Francini gentilhuomo 



Juveni patria, virtutibus eximio. 

VIRO qui muka peregrinatione, ftudia cunc*la or* 
bis terrarum loca perfpexit, ut novus Ulyffes om- 
nia ubique ab omnibus apprehenderet : 

Polyglotto, in cujus ore linguas jam deperditze 
fie revivifcvint, ut idiomata onmia fint in tjus lau*- 
dibas infacunda : et jure ea percallet, ut admira- 
iones et plafus populorum ab propria fapientia ex- 
citatos intelligut : 

Illi, cujus animi dotes corporifque fenfus ad ad- 
niirationem cominovent, et per iplam motum cui- 
que auferunt ; cujus opera ad plaufiis hortantur, fed 
venuftate vocem laudatoribus adimunt. 

Cui in memoiia totus oibis; in intelleclu fapi 
entia ; in voluntate ardor gloriae ; in ore eloquen- 
tia ; harmonicos ejeleftium fphaerarum fonitus af- 
tronomia duce audiente ; chaiadleres mirabilium 
naturae per quos Dei magnitude defcribitur magif- 
tra philofophia legenti ; antiquitatum latebras, ve- 
tuflatis excidia, eruditionis ambages, comite afli- 
dua antorum leclione, 

ExquireiHi, rcliaurenti y percurrenti. 
At cur nitor in ariluum ? 

Illi in cujus virtutibus evulgandis ora Famae non 
fufiiciant, nee hominum ftupor in laudandis fati$ 
eft, reverentise et amoris ergo hoc ejus meritis de- 
bitum admirationis tributum offert Carolus Deo- 
datus Patricius Florentinus, 

Tanto homini fervus, tantss virtutis ama tol? * 



Elegia frima, ad Carolum Deodatum. 

TANDEM, chare, tux mihi pervenere tabellse, 

Pertulit et voces nuncia charta tuas; 
Pertulit occidua Devse Ceftrenfis ab ora 

Vergivium prono qua petit amne falum. 
Multum crede juvat terras alluiiTe remotas 

Pe<5tus amans noftri, tamque fidele caput, 
Quodque mihi lepidum tellus longinqua fodalem 

Debet, at unde brevi reddere juffa velit. 
Me tenet urbs reflua quam Thamefis alluit unda, 

Mequc nee invitum patria dulcis habet. 
Jam nee arundiferum mihi cura revifere Canium, 

Nee dudum vetiti me laris angit amor. 
Nuda nee arva placent. umbrafque ncgantia molles, 

Quam male Phcebicolis convenit ille locus ! 
Nee duri libet ufque minas perferre magiftri 

Casteraque ingenio non fubeunda meo. 
Si fit hoc exilium patrios adiiffe penates, 

Et vacuum curis otia grata fequi, 
Non ego vel profugi nomen, fortemve recufo, 

Laetus et ex exilii conditione fruor. 
O utinam Vates nunquam graviora tuliflet 

Ille Tomitano flcbiJis exul agro ; 
Non tune lonio quicquam ceciflet Homero, 

Neve foret viclo laus tibi prima Maro. 
Tempora nam licet hie placidis dare libera Mufis, 

Et totum rapiunt me mea vita libri. 
Excipit hinc feffum finuofi pompa theatri, 

Et vocat ad plaufus ganula fcena fuos. 
Seu caeus auditur fenior, feu prodigus haeres, 

Seu procuj, aut pofita caffide miles adeft, 
Sive decennali fcecundus lite patronus 

Detonat inculto barbara verba foro ; 
Saepe vafer gnato fuccuirit fcrvus amanti, 

Et nafum rigidi fallit ubique patris J 
Saepe novos illic virgo mirata calores 

Quid fit amor nefcit, dum quoque nefcit, amat. 
Sive cruentatum furiofa Tragcedia fceptrum 

Quaflat, er efFufis crinibus ora rotat, 
Et dolet, et fpeclo, juvat et fpe&afle dolendo, 

Interdum et lacrymis dulcis amaror ineft ; 
|5eu puer infelix indelibata rcliquit 

Gaudia, et abrupto flendus amore cad 

Seu ferus t: tenebris iterat Styga criminis ultor 

Cbnfcia funereo pe<5lora torre movens, 
Seu mceret Pelopeia domus, feu nobilis li, 

Aut luit inceftos aula Creontis avos. 
Sed neque fub teclo femper nee in urbe latemus, 

Irrita nee nobis tempora veris eunt. 
Nos quoque lucus habet vicina conftitus ulmo, 

Atque fuburbani nobilis umbra oci. 
Saepius hie blandus fpirantia fidtra flammas 

Virgineos videas preteriiffe chores. 
Ah quoties digns ftupui miracula formas 

Qua2 poffit fenium vel reparare Jovis! 
Ah quoties vidi fuperantia lumina gemmas, 

Atque fafces quotquot volvk uterque polus ; 
Collaque bis vivi Pelopis qua 1 brachia vincant, 

Quaeque fluit puro neclare tindla via, 
Et decus eximium fronti*, tremulofque capilloS| 

Aurea quas fallax retia tendit Amor ; 
Pellacefque genas, ad quos Hyacinthina fordet 

Purpura, et ipfe tui floris, Adbni, ruber ! 
Cedite laudatx toties Heroides olim, 

EC quaecunque vagum cepit arnica Jovm. 
Cedite Achasmeuia; turrita fronte puellae 

Et quot Sufa cohmt, Memnoniamque Ninon, 
Vos etiam Danaae fafces fubmittite Nymphac, 

Et vos Iliacjc, Romuleasque nurus. 
Nee Pompeianas Tarpeia Mufa colurnnas 

Ja&et, et aufoniis plena theatra ftolis. 
Gloria Virginibus debetUr prima Britannis, 

Extera fat tibi fit fcemina pofle fequi. 
Tuque urbs Dardaniis Londinum ftruda colonis 

Turrigerum lat confpicienda caput, 
Tu nimium felix intra tua mcenia claudis 

Quicquid Formofi pendulus orbis habet. 
Non tibi tot ccelo fcintillant aftra fereno 

Endymioneae turba miniflra deaj, 
Quot tibi confpicuae formaque aroque puellai 

Per medias radiant turba videnda vias. 
Creditur hue geminis venifle inveda columbis 

Alma pharetrigero rhilite cinema Venus, 
Huic Cnidon, et riguas Simoentis flumine valles, 

Huic Paphon, et rofeam poft habitura Cypron J 
Aft ego, dum pueri finit indiilgentia caeci, 

Mcenia quam fubito linquero faufta paro ^ 


O E M A T A, 

Ei vitarc procul malefide iiifamla Circes 

Atria, divini Molyos ufus ope. 
Stat qaoquc ; juncoias Cami remeare paludes, 

Atque iterum raucis murmur adire Seholai. 
Interea fidi parvtim cape mumis amici, 

Paucaque in alternos verba coadta modes. 

Elegia Secitnda, anno a tails 1 7. 
In olitum Fraconis academic! Cantalrlgu-xjis. 

TE, qui confpicu-as baculo fulgent folebas 

Palladium totie? ore ciere git gem, 
Ultima pr.-:conum pra:conem te quoque fava 

Mors rapir, officio nee favet ipfa iuo, 
Ca'jciidicra licet fuerint tibe terr.pora plumis 

Si'b quibus accipimus delituifie Jovcm, 
O d'^'T-s tartien Hccmonio juvenefcere fucco, 

Dignus in 7fonios vivere pofie die-, 
Dignus quern Stygii* meclica revocaret ab undis 

..rte Corerndes, fsepe rogante dea* 
Tu r l iufus cr?,s acies accire togatas, 

Ft Ccfer a Pr.abo nuncius ire tuo, 
TrJis ir liincii fbbat Cyllei'ius auk 

Aiipe<;, athtrea rnifiuf> ab arce Patn's. 
Tal;& ft Errybaies ante era furentis Achillci 

Rct?;lit Afridre jufiH itrvera ducis. 
'Mag!'.:' ffT ulchrcrum /.jzina, fatelles Averni 

ftavi'. niivas Mufc, T'aliadi feva uimis, 
Qii n uu.s rapiasqi-i }x>ndus inutile terra, 

Turb . quidcm eft te'is ifla petenda tuis. 
Vtfiibuo litinc igitur pullis Academia luge, 

j.t rnadeant lachrymis nigra feretra tuis. 
jF undat et ipfa modes querebunda Elcgeia tiiftes, 

Peribiiet et totis nsenia moeila fcholis, 

Elegia tettia, anno gtatis 17* 
In obltum Frtcfulis Wtsiionier'Jis, 

MCESTUS eram, ct tacitus nullo comitante fedc- 

Hxrebantuqe animo trifiia plura mea, 
Protinus en fubiit funefta; cladis imago 

Fecit in Angliaco quam Libkina Iblo ; 
Dum procerum ingreffo eft fplendcntcs mar more 

Dira fepulchrali mors metuenda face; 
Pulfavitque auro gravidos et jafpide muros, 

Net metuit fatrapnm fternere fake greges. 
Tune memini clarique ducis, fratrifque verendi 

Intempeftivis ofia cremata rogis ; 
Et memini Herotim qnos vidit ad actbera raptos, 

Flevk ct amiffos Belgia tota duces. 
At tc prxcipue luxi digniffime Prsslul, 

Wintoniasque olim gloria magna tuae ; 
Belicui fletu, et trifti fie ore querebar, 

Mors fera Tartareo diva Secunda Javis 
Konne fatis quod fylva tuas perfentiat has, 

Et quod in herbofos jus tibi deturagros, 
Quodquc aiBata tuo marcefcant lilia tabo, 

Et crocus, et pulchrne Cyprida focra rofa, 
Nee fmis ut Temper fluvio cgntermina t;i'.ercu 

Miretur lapfas prartereuntrs aqux ? 
Et tibi fuccumbit liquido quaj plurima cdftto 

Evehitur pennis quamlibet augur avis, 
Et qux mille nigris errant animalia fylvrs, 

Ft quo.! altnit mutum Proteos antra pecus* 
Inv.ida, tanti tibi cum fit concefia pnteflas ; 

Quid juvat humcna tingere cxde manus ? 
Nobiieque in pcclus certas accuiife fagittas, 

Semideamque animam f;de fugafle fua ? 
Talia dum lacrymans alto fub peclore volvo, 

Rcfcidus occiduis Mcfpervis exit aquis, ' 
Et Tarttffiaco iubmercerat requore currum 

Phcebus, ab Eoo littore menfus iter. 
Nee mora, membra cavo pofui referenda cubila., 

Condiderant oculos noxque fiporque me"os : 
C:;m mibi vifus eram hto fpattarier agro, 

Heu nequit ingenium vifa referre meum. 
Illic punicea radiabart omnia luce, 

Ut matutino cum juga fole rubent. 
Ac velvti cum pandit opes Thaumantia proles^ 

Vefli:u nituit multicolore folum. 
Kon dea tarn variis ornavit floribus hortos 

Alcinci, Zephyro Cliloris amata kvi. 
Flumina vernantes lambuut argentea campcs^ 

Ditior Hefperio fiavcr aruna Tago. 
Strpit odoiiferas per opes Itvis aura Favor.i,, 

Aura fub imuimeriy hum id a nata rofis, 
'I'aiis in extremis terra- Gangetidis oris 

Lucifcri regis fiugitur effe domus. 
Ipf'e racimiferis dum denfas vitibus umbra* 

Et pellucentes miror ubique loco 1 ?, 
Ecce mihi fubito Prxful Whitonius aftat, 

Sidereum nitido fulfit in ore jubar ; 
Vcflis ad aura*.os defiuxit Candida talus, 

Infula divinum cinierat alba caj.ut. 
Dumque fen ex tali incedit venerandus amicltt, 

Intremuit Iseto fiorea terra fono. 
Agmina gemmatis plaudunt coeleftia pennis, 

Pura triumphali perfonat aethra tuba. [taV 

Quifque novum amplexu comitem cantuque ialu- 

Hofque aliquis placido mifit ab ore fonos ; 
Nate veni, et patrii felix cape gaudia regni, 

Semper ab hinc duro, nate, labore vaca. 
Dixit, et aligerre tetigerunt nablia turmx, 

At mihi cum teuebris aurea pulfa quies. 
Flebam turbato* Cephaleia pellice fomnos,. 

Talia contingant fcmnia faepe mihi. 

JLkgia gvarta, anno xtatit l8. 

Ad 'tlomam Junivm pr<ecej}toremfuum, afvd meres* 
tores Anglicii Hamburg* agentes, fajlurit muncre 

CtiRRE per immenfum fpbito meo littera pon- 

I, pete Teutonicos Iseve per aequor agros; 
Segnes rumpe moras, et nil, pfecor, obilet euiiti, 

Et fcftinantis nil remoretur iter. 
Ipfe ego Sicanio fraenantem carcere ventos 

-ffiolon, et virides follicitabo Deos^ .'}.-, 
Caerulearoque fuis commitatam Dorida 

Ut tibi dent placidam per fuaregna viam. 
At tu, fi poteris, celeres tibi" fume jugale!, 

Veda quibus Colchi* ab ore viri j 

P O E M A.T A. 

Aut queis Trlptolemus Scythicas derenit in eras 

Gratus Eleufina miflns ah urbe pner. 
Atque ubi Gcrmanas flaverc vidcbis arenas 

Ditisad Hamburgae moenia fle&e grndum, 
Dicjtur eccifo quae ducere nomen ab HamA, 

Cimbrira quern fcrrur clava dedifie neci. 
Vivit ibi antiquae clanis piefatishon^re 

Praeful Chriftkolus nafccre dochis oves; 
Illc quidcm eft animae plufquam pars altera nof- 

Dimidio vitae vivere cogor ego. 
Hci nnhi quot pelagi, quot montes interjec"li 

Me facitmr alia parte carere mei ! 
Charier ille mihi quam tu dtjcliffime Graiorn 

Cliniadi,pronepos qui Telamonis era- ; 
Qiiamque Stagirites generofo magnus alumno, 

Quern peperit Lybico Chaonis alma Jovi. 
Qiialis Amyntorides, qualis Phi'yreis Heros 

Myrmidonum regi, talis et ilk mihi. 
Primus ego Aonios iilo praeunte receflus 

Luflrabam, et bifidi facra vireta jugi, 
Pierofque haufi latices, Clioque Favente, 

Caftalio fparfi laeta ter ora mero. 
Flammeus at figrnim ter viderat arietis ^Ethon, 

Irduxitqne auro lanea tcrga novo, 
Bifque novo terram fparfifti Chlori fenileni 

Gramine, bifque tuas abftulit Aufter opes : 
Necdnm ejus licuit mihi lumina pafcere vultu, 

Aut linguae dukes aure bibiffe fonos. 
Vade igitur, cnrfuque Eurum praeverte fonorum, 

Quam fit opus monitis res docet, ipfa vtdes. 
Inveuie* duici cum cunji'ge forie fedenttm, 

Mulcentum gremio pignora chara fuo, 
Forfitan aut vetertun praelarga volumina patrum 

Verfantem aut veri biblia facra Dei, 
Cxleftive animas faturantem rore tenellas, 

Grande falutifera; religionis opus. 
Utque folet, multam fit dicere cura faluttxu, 

Dicere quam clecuit, fi modo adefiet, herum. 
Ha?c quoque paulum oeulos in humum defixa mo- 

Verba verecundo fis memo ore loqui : [deftos. 
Hac tibi, fi teneris vacat inter prseli Muds, 

Mittit ab Angliaco littore fida manus. 
Accipe fmceram, quamvis fit fera, fajutem; 

Fiat et hoc ipfo gratior ilia tibi. 
Sera qu dem, fed vera fuit, quam cafta recepit 

Icaris r. lento Penelopeia viro. 
Aft ego quid volui manifeftnm tollere crimen^ 

Ipfe quod ex omni parte levare nequit ? 
Arguitur tardus merito, noxamque fatetur, 

Et pudet oflkium deferuifle fuum. 
Tu modo da veniam faffo, veniamyue roganti, 

Crimina dimtnui, qu^ patuere, (blent. 
Non ferus in pavidos rictus diducit hiantes 

Vulnifico pronos nee rapit ungue leo. 
Saepe fariffiferi crudelia pe&ora Thracij 

Supplicis ad moeilas delicuere prece*. 
Extenfaeque manus avertunt fulminis idlus, 

Placat et iratos hoftia parva Deos. 
Jamque diu fcripfifle tibi fuit impetus illi, 

Neve moras ultra ducere paifus Amor, 
Nam vaga Fama refcrt, heu nuntia vera malo- 

In tibi finitirais bella tumere locis, [rum ! 

Tcque tuamque urbem tmcuknto milite cingi, 

iit jam Saxenicos arma parafie duces. 
Te <ircum late campos popuhtur Enyo, 

Et fara carnc vlriim jam cruor arva rigat ; 
Germanifque fuum concern", Thracia Martem, 

Illuc Odryfios Mars pater egit equos ; 
Perpetuoque coinans jam deflorefcit oliva, 

Fu^it et atrifonam Diva pcroffa tubam, 
Fugit io terris, et jam non ultima virgo 

Credlur ad fuperas jufta volafft; domes. 
Te tamen interea belli circumfonat horror, 

Vivis et ignoto folus inopfque folo ; 
Et, tibi quam patrii non exhibuere pcnates, 

Sede peregrina quaeris egenus opcm. 
Patria dura parens, et faxis fae\aor albi 

Spomea quac pulfat littoris undo tui. 
Siccine te decet innocuos exponere fxrtus, 

Siccine in externam Jenea cogis humum, 
Et finis ut terris quaerant alimcnta remotis 

QJJOS tibi profpiciens miferat ipfe Deus, 
Et qui laeta ferunt de coelo nuntia, quique 

Quae via poft cineres ducat ;hl aftra, docent ? 
Digna quidcm Stygiis quae vivas claufa tencbris, 

^Eternaque animae digna perire fame ! 
Hand aliter vates terrae Theibitidis olim 

Preffit inaffueto devia tefqua pede, 
Defertafque Arabam falebras, dum regis Achabi 

Eff'ugit atque tuas, Sidorii dira, manus. 
Talis et horrifono laceratu? membra flagello, 

I'aulus ab TEmathia pellitur urbe Cilix. 
Pifcoiaeque ipfum Gergeflae civis Icfum 

Finibus ingratns iuflit abire fuis. 
At tu fume animos, nee fpes cadat anxia curis, 

Nee tua concutiat decolor ofTa metus. 
Sis etenim quamvis fulgentibus obfitus armis, 

Intententque tibi millia tela necem, 
At nullis vel inerme latusviolabilur armis, 

Deque tuor cufpis nulla cruore bi1)et. 
Namque eris ipfe Dei radiante fub aegide tutus, 

Ilk tibi cuftos, et pugil ille tibi ; 
Ilk Sionaeae qur tot fub mcenibus arcis 

Affyrios fudit node filerite viros ; 
Jnqu fugam vertit quos in Samaritidas oray 

Mifit ab antiquis prifca Damafcus agris, 
Terruit et denfas pavido cum rege cohortes, 

Acre dumvacuo buccina clara fonat, 
Cornea pulvereum dum verberat ungular campum, 

Currus areiiofam dum quatit aclus humum, 
Auditurque hinnitus equorum ad bella ruentum, 

Et ftrepitus ferri, murmuraque alta virum. 
Et tu (quod fupereft miferis) fperare memento, 

Et tua magnanimo pe<5tore vince mala ; 
Nee dubites quandoque frui milioribus annis, 

Atque iterum patrios pofie videre lares* 

lfgia qtitnta, anno flails 20. 

In adiientum veris, 

IN fe perpetuo Tempus revolubile 'gyro 

Jam revocat Zephyros vere tepcnte novos ; 
Induiturque breven Tellus reparata juvcntam, 

Jamque foluto gelu duke virefcit humus. 
Fallor ? an et nobis redeunt in carmina vires, 

Ingeniumque mihi munere veris adeft ? 
Munere veris adeft, kerumque vigefcit ab illo 

(Quis putet) atque aliquod jam fibi pofcit opns. 
Callalis ante oeulos, bifidumquc cacumeu ober: at, 

t mihi Pyrenen foracia np^c fcruat; 


P O E M A T A. 

Concitaque arcane fervent mihi po&ora motu, 

Et furo, et fonitus me facer intus agit. 
Delius ipfe venit, video Peneide lauro 

Implicitos crines, Delius ipfe venit. 
Jam mihi mens liquidi raptatur in ardua coeli, 

Perqu; vagas nubes corpore liber eo ; 
Perque umbras, perque antra feror penetralia va- 

Et mihi fana patent interiora Deum ; 
Intuiturque animus toto quid agatur Olympo, 

Nee fugiunt oculos Tartara czeca meos. 
Quid tarn grande fonat diftento fpiritus ore ? 

Quid parit hsec rabies, quid facer ifte furor ? 
Ver mihi, quod dedit ingenium, cantabitur illo ; 

Profuerint ifto reddita dona modo. 
Jam Philomela tuos foliis adoperta novellis 

Inftituis modules, dum filet omne nemus : 
Urbe ego, tu fylva fimtfl incipiamus utrique, 

.Et fimul advcntum veris uterque canat. 
Veris io rediere vices, celebremus honores 

Veris, et hoc lubeat Mufa perennis opus. 
Jam fol JEthiopas fugiens Tithoniaque arva, 

Fledit ad Ardoas aurea lora plagas. 
Eft brtve nodis iter, brevis eft mora nodis opacse, 

Horrida cum tenebris exulat ilia i'uis. 
Jamque Lycaonius plauftrum ccelefte Bootes 

Non longa fequitur feffus ut ante via ; 
Nunc etiam folitas circum Jovis atria toto 

Excubias agitant fidera rara polo. 
Nam dolus, et csdes, ct vis cum node recefih, 

Neve Giganteum Dii timuere fcelus. 
Forte aliquis fcopuli recubans in vertice paftor, 

Rofcida cum primo fole rubefcit humus, 
Hssc, ait, hac certe caruifti node puella 

Phcebe tua, celeres qu.-e retineret equos. 
Laeta fuas repitit fylvas, pharctramque refumit 

Cynthia, Luciferas ut videt alta rotas, 
Et tenues ponens radios gaudere videtur 

Officium fieri tam breve fratris ope. 
Defere, Phoebus ait, thalamos Aurora feniles, 

Quid juvat effceto procubuiffe toro ? 
Te inanet JEolidcs viridi venator in herba, 

Surge, tuos ignes altus Hymettushabfet. 
Flava verecundo dea crimen in ore fatetur, 

Et matutinos ocius urget equos. 
Exuit invifum Tellus rediviva fcnedam, 

Et cupit amplexus Phoebe fubire tuos ; 
Et cupit, et digna eft, quid enim formofius ilia, 

Pandit ut omniferos luxuriofa finus, 
Atque Arabum fpirat meffes, et ab ore venufto 

Mitia cum Paphiis fundit amoma rofis ! 
Ecce coronatur facro frons arclualuco, 

Cingit ut Idasam pinea turris Opim ; 
Et vario madidos intexit flore capillos, 

Floribus et vifa eft poffe placerc fuis. 
Floribus effufos ut erat redimita capillos 

Tenario placuit diva Sicana Deo. 
Afpice Phcebe tibi faciles hortantur amares, 

Mellitafque movent flamina verna preces. 
Cinnamea Zephyrus leve plaudit odorifer ali, 

Blanditiafque tibi ferre videntur aves. 
?ec fine dote tuos temeraria quserit atnores 

Terra, nee optatos pofcit egena toros, 
Alma falituferum medicos tibi gramen in ufus 

Praebet, et hinc titulos adjuvat ipfa r.uos. 
Quod fi te pretium, fi te fulgcntia tangunt 

Munera (muneribus faepe coemptus Amor) 
Ilia tibi oftentat quafcunque fub aquore vafto, 

F-t fuper injedis montibus abdit opes. 
Ah quoties cum tu clivoib feffus Olympo 

In verfpertinas proscipitaris aquas, 
Cur te, inquit, curfu languentem Phoebe diurno 

Hefperiis rccipit Casrula mater aquis ? 
Quid tibi cum Tethy ! Quid cum Tartefiide lym- 

Dia quid imundo perluis ora falo ? [pha, 

Frigora Phcebe mea mclius captabis in umbra, 

Hue ades, ardentes imbue rore comas. 
Mollior egelida veniet tibi fomnus in herba, 

Hue ades, et gremio lumina pone meo. 
Quaque jaces circum mulcebit lene fufurrans 

Aura per humences corpora fufa rofas. . 
Nee me (crede mihi) terrent Semeliea fata, 

Nee PhaetontCO fumidus axis equo ; 
Cum tu Phoebe tuo iapientius uteris igni, 

Hue ades, et gremio lumina pone meo. 
Sic Tellus lafciva fuos fufpirat amores ; 

Matris in exemplum csetera turba ruunt. 
Nunc etenim toto currit vagus orbe Cupido, 

Langvrentefque fovet folis ab igne faces. 
Infonuere no vis lethalia cornua nervis, 

Trifte micant ferro tela corufca novo. 
Jamque vel invedam tentat fuperaffe Dianam, 

Quaique fedet facro Vefta pudica foco. 
Ipfa fenefcentem reparat Venus annua formam, 

Atque iterum tepido creditur orta mari. 
Marmoreasjuvenes clamant Hymennase per urbes ? 

I^ittus io Hymen, et cava faxa fonant. 
Cultior ille venit tunicaque decentior apta, 

Puiiiceum redolet veftis odora crocum. 
Egrediturque frequens ad amosni gaudia veris 

Virgineos auro cinda puella finus. 
Votum eft cuique fuum, votum eft tamen omni 
bus unum, 

Ut fibi quern cupiat, det Cytherea virum. 
Nunc quoque feptena modulatur arundine paftor, 

Et fua qua; jungat carmina Phyllis habet. 
Navita nodurno placet fua fidera cantu 

Delphinafque leves ad vada fumma vocat. 
Jupiter ipfe alto cum conjuge ludit Olympo, 

Convocat et famulos ad fua fefta Deos. 
Nunc etiam Satiri cum fera crepufcula furgunt, 

Pervolitant celeri florea rura choro, 
Sylvanufque fua cyparifii fronde reviudus, 

Semicaperque Deus, femideufque caper. 
Quseque fub arboribus Dryades latuere vetuftis 

Per juga, per folos expatiantur agros. 
Per Sata luxuriant fruticetaque Mzenalius Pan, 

Vix Cybele mater, vix cibi tuta Ceres ; 
Atque aliquam cupidus pradatur Oreada Faunus, 

Confulit in trepidos dum fibi nympha pedes, 
Jamque latet, latitanfque cupit male teda videri, 

Et fugit, et fugiens pervelit ipfa capi. 
Dii quoque non dubitant coslo praiponere fylvas,. 

Et fua quifque fibi numino locus habet. 
Et fua quifque diu fibi numina lucus habcto, 

Nee vos arborca dii precor ite domo. 
Te referant miferis te Jupiter aurea terris 

Sacla, quid ad nimbosafpera tela redis ? 
Tu faltem lente rapidos age Phoebe jugales 

Qua potes, et fenfim te^npora veris eant ; 
Brumaque produdas tarde ferat hifpida 

Ingrua^ et noftro ferior umbra polo. 

P O E M A T A. 


Elegla fexta. 
Ad Carolum Deodatum ruri commorantem, 

^ui cum Uiiui DeCem. firipfjjet, et fua carmina ex- 
citfari pojiulajjet ft folito minus fffent bona, quod inter 
lautltias quibus erat ah amicis exceptus, baud ftitls 
felicem operam Mufis.darefe pnffe ajprmabat y hoc ha- 
bult refponfum. 

MITTO tibi fanam non pleno ventre falutem, 

Qua tu diftento forte carere potes. 
At tua quid noftram prole&at Mufa camoenam, 

Nee finit optatas poffe fequi tenebras ? 
Carmim fcire veils quam te redamemquc co- 

Crede mihi vix hoc carmine fcire queas. 
Nam neque nofter amor modulis includitur ar&is, 

Nee venit ad claudos integer ipfe pedes. 
Quam bene folennes epulas, hilaremque Decem- 

Feftaque coelifugam quse coluere Deum, 
Deliciafque refers, hyberni gaudia ruris, 

Hauftaque per lepidos Gallica mufta focos ! 
Quid quereris refugam vino dapibufque poefin ? 

Carmen amat Bacchum, carmina Bacchus amat. 
Nee puduit Phoebum vendes geftaffe corymbos, 

Atque hederam la.uro praepofuiffe fus. 
Saepius Aonii^ clamavit coliibus Euoe 

Mifta Thyoneo turba novena choro. 
Nafo Corallseis mala carmina mifit ab agris : 

Non illic epulaz, non fata vitis erat. 
Quid nifi vina, rofafque racemiferumque Lyxum 

Cantavit brevibus Te'ia Mufa modis ? 
Pindaricofque inflat numeros Teumefius Euan, 

Et redolet fumptum pagina quasque merum ; 
Dum gravis everfo currus crepat axe fupinus, 

Et volat Eleo pulvere fufcus eques. 
Quadrimoque madens Lyricen Romanus laccho 

Duke canit Glyceran, flavicomamque Chloen. 
Jam quoque lauta tibi generofo menfa paratu 

Mentis alit vires, ingeniumque fovet. 
Maflica fcecundam difpumant pocula venam, 

Fundis et ex ipfo condita metra cado. 
Ad3imus his artes, fufumque per intima Phcebum 

Corda, favent uni Bacchus, Apollo, Ceres. 
Scilicet haud mirum tam dulcia carmina per te 

Numine compofito tres peperiffe Decs. 
Nunc quoque Threffa tibi Cselato barbitos auro 

Infonat arguta molliter i&a manu ; 
Auditurqne chelys fufpenfa tapetia circum, 

Virgineos tremula qua regat arte pedes. 
Ilia tuas faltem teneant fpedtacula Mufas, 

Et revocent, quantum crapula pellit iners. 
Crede mihi dum pfallit ebur, comitataque plectrum 

Implet odoratos fefta chorea tholos, 
Percipies taciturn per pedlora ferpere Phcebum, 

Quale repeniinus permeat offa calor, 
Perque puellares oculos digitumque fonantem 

Ir'ruet in totos lapfa Thalia fmus. 
Namque Elegia levis multorum cura Dcorum eft, 

Et vocat ad numeros quemlibet ilia fuos ; 
JLiber adeft elegis, Eratoque, Cerefque, Venufque, 

Et cum purperea matrc tenelius Amor. 
Talibus inde licent convivia larga poetis, 

Sa-pius et veteri commaduiffe mere. 

At qui bella relert, et adulto fob Jove coelum, 

Heroafque pios, femideofque duces, 
Et nunc fancla canit fuperum confulta deoru /.j 

Nunc lutrata fero regna profunda cane, 
Ille quidem parce Samii pro more magiftri 
Vivat, et mnocuos prjebeat herba cibos ; 
Stet prope fagineo pellucida lympha catillo, 

Sobriaque e pura pocula fonte bibat. 
Additur huic fcclerifque vacans, et cafta juventus, 

Et rigidi mores, et fine labe manus. 
Qualis vefte nitens facra, et luftralibus undis 

Surgis ad infenfos augur iture Deos. 
Hoc ritu vixiffe ferunt poft rapta fagacem 

JLumina Tirefian, Ogygiumque Linun, 
Et lare devoto profugum Calchanta, fenemque 

Orpheon edomitis lola per antra feris ; 
Sic dapis exiguus, fie rivi potor Homerus 

Dulichium vexit per freta longa virum, 
Et per monftrificam Percire Phoebados aulam, 

Et vada fcemineis infidiofa fonis, 
Perque tuas rex ime domos, ubi fanguine nigro 

Dicitur umbrarum detinuiffe greges. 
Diis etenim facer eft vates, divumque facerdos^ 

Spirat et occultum pecftus, et ora Jovem. 
At tu fiquid agam fcitabere (fi modd faltem 

Effe putas tanti nofcere fiquid agam) 
Paciferum canimus ccelefti femine regem, 

Fauftaque lacrates fsecula pacla libris, 
Vagitumque Dei, et ftabulantem paupcre te^o 

Qui fuprema fuo cum parte regna colit, 
Stelliparumque polum, modulantefque atherc tur- 

Et fubito elifos ad fua fana Deos. [mas, 

Dona quidem dedimus ChrilU natalibus ilia, 

Ilia fub auroram lux mihi prima tulit. 
Te quoque preffa manent patriis meditata cicutis., 

Tu mihi, cui recitem, judicis inftar eris. 

Iipia feptima t anno aitatis IO. 

NONDUM blanda tuas leges Amathufia noram, 

Et Paphio, vacuum pedtus ab igne fuit. 
Ssepe cupidineas, puerilia tela, fagittas, 

Atque tuum fprevi maxime numen Amor. 
Tu puer imbelles dixi transfige columbas, 

Conveniunt tenero- mollia bella duci. 
Aut de pafieribus tumidos age, parve, triumphor, 

Haec funt militias digna trophaca tuae. 
In genus humanum quid mania dirigis arma ? 

Non valet in fortes ifta pharetra viros., 
Non tulit hoc Cyprius, (neque enim Deus ullui 
ad ira 

Promptior) et duplici jam ferus igne calet. 
Ver erat, et fummre radians per culmina villas 

Attulerat primum lux tibi Maie diem : 
At mihi adhuc'refugam quserebant lumina noftem, 

Nee matutinum fuftinuere jubar. 
Aftat Amor leclo, pidtis Amor impiger alis, 

Prodidit aftantem mota pharetra Deum : 
Prodidit et tacies, et duke minantis ocelli, . 

Et quicquid puero dignum et Amore fuit. 
Talis in eterno juvenis Sigeius Olympo 

Mifcet amatori pocula plena Jovi ; 
Aut qui formofas pellixit ad ofcula nymphas 

Tliiodamant*us Naiada raptus Hylac. 



Addideratque iras, fed ei has decuiife putares, 

Addideratq"ue truces, nee fine felle minas. 
Et mifer exemplo fapulffes tuthls, inquit, 

Nunc mea quid poffit dextera teftis en's. 
Inter et expertos vires numerabere noftras^ 

Et faciam vera per tua damna fidem. 
Ipfe ego n* nefcis ftrato Pythone fuperbum 

Edomui Phcebum, cefiet et illi mihi; 
Et quoties meminit Peneidos, ipfe fatetur 

Certius et gravius tela nocere mca. 
Me nequid addudum cyrvare peritius arcum, 
Qui poft terga folet vincere Parthus eques : 
Cydpniufque mihi cedit venator, et ille 

Infcius uxori qui necis author erat. 
Eft etiam nobis ingens quoque vidus Orion, 
Kercula^que nianus, Herculeufque comes. 
Jupiter ipfe licet fua fulmina torqueat in me, 

H^rebunt lateri fpicula noftra Jovis. 
Caetera qua 3 ; dubitas melius mea tela docebunt, 

Et tua non leviter corda petenda mihi. 
Nee te ftulte tuse poterunt defendere Mufae, 
Nee tibi Phcebaras porriget angtfis opem. 
Dixit, et r/arato quatiens mucrcne fagittam, 

Ev'.-lat in tepidos Cypridos ille flirjs. 
At mihf rifuro tonuit ferns ore minaci, 

Et mini de puero non mctus ullus erat. 
Et mor.6 qua noftri fpatiantur iu urbe Qnirites, 

Et niodo villarum prcxima. rura placent. 
Turba frequens, facieque fimillima turba dearum 

Splendida per medias itque rcditque vias. 
Audsque luce dies gemino fulgore corufcat, 

Fallor ? an et radios hinc quoque Phcebus habet. 
Hsec ego non fu^i fpedacula grata fever us, 

Impetus et quo me lert juvenilis, agor. 
Lumina lumilms male provides obvia mifi, 

Neve ocuios potui continuiffe meos. 
Unam forte aiiis fupereminuifle notabam, 

Principium noftri lux rrat ilia mali. 
Sic Venus optaret mortalibus ipfa videri, 

Sic regina Deum confpicienda fuit. 
Ham: memor objecit nobis malus ille cupido, 

Solus et hos nobis texuit ante dolos. 
Nee procul ipfe vaferlatuit, multaeque faggittae, 

Et facis a tergo grande pependit onus. 
Nee rr.ora, nunc cillis h.-^fit, nunc virginis ori, 

Infilit hinc labiis, inlidet inde genis : 
Et quafcunque agilis partes jaculator oberrat, 

Hei mihi, milk locis pe&us inerme ferit. 
Protinus infoliti fubierunt corda furores, 

Uror amam intiis flammaque totus eram. 
Interea mifero qua jam mihi fola placebat, 

Ablata eft oculis non reditura meis. 
Aft ego prcgredior tacite querebundus, et excors, 

Et dubius volui fa-ipereferrepedem. 
finder, et ha:c remanent, fequitur pars altera vo- 


Raptaquetamfubito gaudia fiere juvat, 
Sic dolet amiiTum proles Junonia coslum, 

Inter Lemniacos prascipitata focos. 
Tali s et abreptum folem refpexit, ad Orcrtm 

Vedus ab attonitis Amphiaraus equis. 
Quid faciam infelix, et ludu i'lcltis ? amores 

Nee lictt inccptcs ponere, neve fequi. 
O utinam fpedare femel mihi detur amatos 
^et coram triftia verba loqv.i ; 

Forfitan et duro nofi efl adamantc crcata; 

Forte nee ad noflras furdeat ilia preces. 
Crede mihi nullus fie infeliciter arfit, 

Ponar in exemplo primus et unus ego. 
Parce precor tencri cum Us Deus Ales amoris, 

Pugnent officio nee tua fada tuo. 
Jam tuus O certe eft mihi formidabilis arcus^ 

Nate dea, jaculis nee mintis igne potens ; 
Et tua fumabunt noftns altaria donis, 

Solus et in fuperis tu mihi fummis eris. 
Deme meos tandem, veruum nee deme furores, 

Nefcio cur, mifer eft fuavitcr omnisamans : 
Tu modo da facilis, pofthaee mea fiqua futura eft 

Cufpis amaturos figat ut una duos. 
Hasc ego mente olim lajva, ftudioque fupino 

Nequitias pofui vana trophsa mere. 
Scilicet abreptum fie me malus impulit. error, 

Indocilifque aetas pravajmagiftra fuit, 
Donee Sacraticos umbrofa Academia rivos 

Prrebuit, admiffum dedocuitque jugum. 
Protinus extindis ex illo tempore-flammis, 

Cinda ri^ent multo pedora noftra gelu. 
Uude fuis frigus metuit puer ipfe fagittis, 

Et Dicmedeam vim timet ipfa Venus. 

In prodiilowm lombardicam. 

CUM fimul in regem nuper fatrapafque Britannos 

Aufus es infandum perfide Fauxe nefas, 
Fallor ? an et mitis voluifti exparte videri, 

Et penfarc mala cum pietate fcelus ? 
Scilicet hos aid miffurus ad atria cceli, 

Sulphureo curru flammivolifque rods. 
Qualiter ille fcris caput inviolabile I*arcis 

L,iquit lordanios turbine raptus agros. 

In eandem. 

SICCINE tentafti coelo donafle lacobum 

Q^a; feptemgemino Bellua monte latcs ? 
Ni meliora tuu^n poterit dare munera numen, 

Parce precor donis infidiola tuis. 
Ille quidem finete confortia ferus adivit 

Aftra, nee inferni pulveris ufus ope. 
Sic potius fcedus In ccelum pelle cucullos, 

Et quot habet brutos Roma profana Deos, 
Narnque hac aut alia nifi quemque adjuveris arcc 

Crede milii cceli vix bene fcandet iter. 

In eandem. 

ruP.OATOREM animx derifit lacobus ignem, 

Et fine quo fuperum non adeunda domus. 
Frenduit hoc trina monftrum Latialc corona, 

Movit et horrificum cornua dena minax. 
Et nee irmltcs ?it temnes mea facra Britanne, 

Supplicium fpreta religionc dabis. 
Et fi fteMigeras unquam penetraveris arces, 

Non nifi per flammas tnfte patebit iter. 
quam funefto cecinifti proxima vero, 

Verbaque ponderibus vix caritura fuis f 
Mam prope Tartarea fublime rotatus ab igs 

Ibat ad Othereas umbra perufta plagas, - 

In eaiidtfft, 

QUEM modo Roma fuis dcvoverat impia dins, 
Et Styge damnarat Toenarioque finu, 

Hunc vice mutata jam tollere geftit ad. aftra, 
Jit cupit ad fuperos evehere ufque Deos. 

In inventorem bomlardx. 

P O E M A T A, 

Et te Pieria fenfiflet vocc cauentem 

Aurea maternse fila movere lyrae, 
Quamvis Dircxo torliflet lumina Pentheo 

Saevior, aut totus defipuiflet iners, 
Tu tamen errantcs caeca vertigine fenfas 

Voce eadem poteras compofuifie tua ; 
Et poteras asgro fpirans fub corde quietem 

Flexanimo caiitu reftituiffc fibi. 


IAPETIONIDBM laudavit fseca vetuftas, 
Qui tulit astheream folis ab axe facem ; 

At mihi major erit, qui lurida creditur arma, 
Et trifidum fulmen furripuiffe Jovi. 

Ad Leonoram Romae cancntetn 

ANGELUS unicuique funs (fie credite gentes) 

Obtigit sethereis ales ab ordinibus. 
Quid mirum ? Leonora tibl fi gloria major, 

Nam tua praefentem vox fonat ipfa Deum. 
Aut Deus, aut vacui certe mens tertia coeli 

Per tua fecreto guttura ferpit agens ; 
.Serpit agens, facilifque docet mortalia corda 

Senfim immortali affuefcere pofle fono. 
Quod fi cundla quidem Deus eft, per cun&aque 

Jnte una loquitur, caetcra mutus habet. 

Ad eandim. 

Torquantum cepit Leonora poetam, 
Cujus ab infano ceflit amore furens. 
Ah mifer ille tuo quanto felicius ajvo 

et propter te Leonora foret ! 

Ad tandem* 

CREDULA quid liquidam Sirena Neapoli ja<flas, 

Claraque Parthenopes fana Acheloiados, 
Littoreamque tua defundham Naiada ripa 

Corpora Chalcidico facra dediffe rogo ? 
Ilia quidem vivitque, et amcena Tibridis unda 

Mutavit rauci murmura^Paufilipi. 
lllic Romulidum ftudiis ornata fecundis, 

Atque homines cantu detinet atque Decs. 

de Rujllco et Hero. 

RUSTICUS ex malo fapidiffima poma quotannll 

Legit, et urbano le&a dedit Domino : 
Hinc incredibili fru&iis dulcedine captus 

Malum ipfam in proprias tranftulit areolas. 
Ha&enus ille ferax, fed longo debilis aevoj 

Mota folo affueto, protenus aret iners. 
Quod tandem ut patuit Domino, fpe lufus inani. 

Damnavit celeres in fua damna manus. 
Atque ait, heu quanto fatius fuit ilia Coloni 

(Parva licet) grato dona tulifle animo ! 
Poflem ego avaritiam fraenare, gulamque vora 
cem : 

Nunc peri ere mihi et foetus et ipfe par ens. 


Anno at at is 1 6. In obit urn Procancellari medic 

PARERE fati difcitc iegibus, 
Manufque Parcx jam date fupplicci, 
Qui pendulum telluris orbem 

liipetc collitis nepotes. 
Vos fi reli&o mors vaga Tienaro 
Semel vocarif flebilis, heti morx 
Tcntantur incalfuin dolique ; 

Per tenebras Stygis ire ccrtum eft. 
Si Deftiflatam pcllcrc dextera 
Mortem valeret, non ferus Hercule* 
Nefli vcnenatus cruore 

-ftsrnatliia jacuiflct Oefa 
Nee fraude turpi Palladia invidac 
Vidifot occifuin I lion He&ora, aut 
Quern larva Pelidis percrnit 

Enfe Locro, Jove lacrymante. 
Sic trifle fatum vcrba Hecateia 
Fugari poflint, Telcgoni parens 
Vixiiret infamis, potentique 

^Egiali foror ufa virga. 
Numenquc trinum fallere fi qucant 
Artes mcdentam, ignotaque gramina, 
Non gnarus herbarum Machaon, 

Enrypyli cccidcflet hafta. 
JLacfifl'et et nee tc Phlyreie 
Sagitta cchidnx perlita fanguine, 
Nee tcla te fulmcnquc avitum 

Cxle puer genetricis alvo. 
Toque O alumno major Apolline, 
Gcntis togatx cui regimen datum, 
Frondofii quern nunc Cirrha- lugct, 

Et mcdiis Helicon in undis, 
Jam prxfuifTes Palladio gregi 
Lxtus, fuperfles, nee fine gloria, 
Nee puppe luftrafles Charontis 
Horribiles barathri receflus, 
At fila rupit Perfephonc tua 
Irata, cum te viderit artibits 
Succoque pollcnti tot atris 

Faucibus eripuifle mortis. 
Colendc Prrcfes, membra precor tua 
Molli quiefcant cefpite, et ex tuo 
Crcfcant rofae, calthaeque bufto, 
Purpureoque Hyacinthus ore, 
8it mite de te judicium JKaci, 
Subrideatq^ue ^Etniea Proferpina, 

Interqae Felices pcrennis 
Elyfio fpatierc campo. 

In quint urn Noiiemlr'ts, Anno elat'/s If* ' ' 

JAM pius extrema veniens lacobus ab arc5lo 
Tcucrj^c-nas populos, latcque patentia regna 
Albionum tenuit, jamque inviolabile foedus s 
Sceptra. Caledoniis conjunxerat Anglica Scotis : 
Pacificufque novo fclix divefque fedebat 
In folio, occultique doli fccunrs et hoftis : 
Cum ferns ignifluo regnans Achcronte tyrannus, 
Eumcniduni pater, xthereo vagus exul Olynipo, 
Forte per i'.umcnfuai terrarum erravcrat orbc'l^ I 
Dinumerans fcelcris fucios, vcrnaique frdcles, 
P:irticipis rcgni poll funcra motlla futures ; 
Hie tempeflates medio ciet acre diras, 
fllic unanimys odium ftruit inter amicos, 
Armat et inviclas in mutua vifccra gcntes ; 
Regnaquc olivifera vertit florentia pace. 
t quolcnnquc videt pura; virtutis amantes, 
Hos cupit adjicere imperio, fraudumquc rnagiflcr 
Tentat inacceflum fceleri corrumpere peclus, 
Incidiafque locat tacitas, cafTefque latcutes 
Tendit, ut incautos rapiat, feu Calpia Tigris 
Infequitur trepidam deferta per avia prxdam 
No6te fub iliuni, et fomno nidtantibus aftris. 
Talibus infeftat populos Summanus et lirbes 
CinAus cserulex fumanti turbine flammse. 
Jamque fluentifonis albentia rupibus arva 
Apparent, et terra Deo dile<5ta marine, 
Cui nomen dederat quondam Neptunia proles, 
Amphitryoniaden qui non dubitavit atrocera " 
j'Equore tranato furiali pofcere bello, 
Ante expugnatre crudelia faecula Trojac. 

At fimul hanc opibufquc et fefla pace beatanx 
Afpicit, et pingues donis Cerealibus agros, 
Qiiodque magis doluit, venerantem numina veri 
Sanda Dei populum, tandem fufpiria rupit 
Tartar eos ignes et luridum olentia fuphur ; 
Qualia Trinacria trux ab Jove claufus in ./Etna 
Eiflat tabifico monftrofus ob ore Tiphoeus. 
Ignefcunt oculi, ftridetque adamantinus ordo 
Dentis, ut armorum fragor, i&aque cufpide cu^ 


Atque pererrato folum hoc lacrymabile mundo 
Inveni, dixit, gens hxc noihi fola rebellis, 

P O E M A T A, 

Gontemtrlxque Jugi, noftrtque potentior arte. 
Ilia tamen, mea fi quicquam tgntamina poflunt, 
Non feret hoc impune diu, non ibit inulta. 
Hactenus ; et piceis liquido natat aere pennis ; 
Qua volat, adverfi prsecurfant agmine venti, 
Denfantur nubes, et crebra tonitrua fulgent. 

Jamque pruinofas velox fuperaverat Alpes, 
Et tenet Aufonix fines, a parte finiftra 
Nimbifer Appenninus erat, prifcique Sabini, 
Dextra beneficiis infamis Hetruria, nee non 
Te furtiva Tibris Thetidi videt ofcula dantem ; 
Hinc Mavortigenae confiftit in arce Quirini. 
Reddiderant dubiam jam fera crcpufcula lucem, 
Cum cirarngreditur totam Tricoronifer urbem, 
Panificofque Deos portat, fcapulifque virorum 
Evehitur, prseeunt fubiniflb poplite reges, 
Et mendicantum feries longiffima- fratrum ; 
Cereaque in manibus geftant funalia caeci, 
Cimmcriis nati in tenebris, vitamque trahentes. 
Templa dein multis fubeunt lucentia tredis 
(Vcfpcr erat facer ifte Petro) fremitufque canentum 
Snipe tholos implet vacuos, et inane locorum. 
Qualiter exulat Bromhis, Bromiique caterva, 
Orgia cantcntes in Echionio Aracyntho, 
Dum tremit attonitus vitreis Afopus in undis, 
Et proctil ipfe cava rcfponfat nipe Cithrtron. 

His igitur tandem folenni more peraclis, 
Nox fenis amplexus Erebi taciturna reliquit, 
Praecipitefque impellit equos timulante flagello, 
Captumoculis Typhlonta, Melanchaetemque fero- 


Atque Acherontaeo prognatam patre Siopen 
Torpid am, et hirfutis horrentem Phrica capillis. 
Jntcrea regum domitor, Phlegetontius hseres 
Ingreditur thalamos (neque enim fecretus adulter 
Producit fteriles molli fine pellice nodes) 
At vix compofitos fomnus claudebat occllos, 
Cumniger umbrarum dominus, redtorquefilentum, 
Praedatorque hominum falfa fub imagine tectus 
Aftitit, affumptis micuerunt tempora canis, 
Barba finus promifia tegit, cineracea longo 
Syrmate verrit humum veftis, pendetque cucullus 
Vertice de rafo, et ne quicquam dcfit ad artes. 
Cannabeo lumbos conftrixit fune falaces, 
Tarda feneftratis figens veftigia calceis. 
Talis, uti fama eft, vafta Francifcus eremo 
Tetra vagabatur folus per luftra ferarum, 
Sylveftrique tulit genti pia verba falutis 
Impius, atque lupos domuit, Lybicofque leones. 

Subdolus at tali Serpens velatus ami&u 
Solvit in has fallax ora execrantia voces ; 
Dormis nate ? Etiamne tuos fopor opprirait artus ? 
Immemor O fidei, pecorumque oblite tuorum ! 
Dum cathedram venerande tuam, diademaque 


Ridet Hyperboreo gens barbara nata fub axe, 
Dumque pharetrati fpernunt tua jura Britanni : 
Surge, age, furge piger, Latinus quern Cccfar 


CUT referata patet convex! janua coeli, 
*Turgentes animos, et faftus frangc procaces, 
Sacrilegique fciant, tua quid maledidtio poifit, 
Et quid Apoftolicae poffit cuftodia clavis ; 
Et memor Hefperias disjedtam ulcifcere claffem, 
Merfuque Iberorum lato vexilla profundo. 

San&orumque cruel tot corpora fixa proboCe, 
Thermodoontea nuper regnante puella. 
At cu fi tcnero movis torpefcere ledlo, 
Crefccntefque negas hofti contundere vires, 
Fyrrhenum implcbit numerofo milite pontum, 
Signaque Aventino ponet fulgentia colle : 
Relliquias veterum franget, flammifque cremabit, 
Sacraque calcabit pedibus tua colla profanis, 
Cujus gaudebant foleis dare bafia reges. 
Nee tamen hunc bellis et aperto Marte lacefles, 
Irritus ille labor, tu callidus utere fraude, 
Quielibet hoeretices difponere retia fas eft ; 
Jamque ad confilium extremis rex magnus ob oris 
Patricios vocat, et procerum de ftirpe creatos, 
Grandxvofque patres trabea, canifque verendos ; 
Hos tu membratim poteris confpergere in auras, 
Atque dare in cineres, nitrati pulveris igne 
^dibus injeilo, qua convenere, fub imis. 
Protinus'ipfe igitur quofeimquc habot Anglia lidos 
Propofiti, fa6lique monc, quifquamne tuorum 
Audebit fummi non juffa faceffere Pupae ? 
Perculfofque mctu fubito, caliique ftupentes 
Invadat vel Callus atrox, ve! fxvus Iberus. 
S;ecula fie illic tandem Mariana redibunt, 
Tuque in belligeros iterum dominaberis Anglos,, 
Et nequid timeas, divos divafque fecuudas 
Accipe, quotque tuis celebrantur nnmina faftis. 
Dixit et adfcitos ponens malefidus amidtus 
Fug-it ad infandam, regnum illetabile, JLethen. 

Jam rofea Eoas pandens Tithonia portas 
Veftit inauratas redcunti lumme terras ; 
Maiftaque adhuc nigri dcpk>runs funcra nati 
Irrigat ambrofiis montan.i cacumina guttis ; 
Cum fomnos pcpulir. flelluta; janitor aulas, 
Noclurnos vifus, et fomria grata revolvena. 

Eft locus ajterna leptus caligine noftis, 
Vafta ruinofi quondam fundamina te<5ti, 
Nunc torvi fpelunca Phoni, Prodotaeque bilinguis, 
EfFera quos uno peperit Difcordia partu. 
Hie inter ccementa jacent prasruptaque faxa, 
Offa inhumata virum, trajecla cadavera ferro ; 
Hie Dolus intortis fempcr fedet ater ocellis, 
Jurgiaque, et ftimulis armata Calumnia fauces, 
Et Furor, r.tque via; moriendi mille videntur, 
Et Timor, exanguifque locum circumvolat Horror, 
Perpctuoque leves per muta filentia Manes 
Exululant, tellus et fanguine confcia ftagnat. 
Ipfi etiam pavidi latitant penetralibus antri 
Et Phonos, et Prodptes, nulloque fequente per an- 

Antrum horrens, fcopulofum, atrum feral^bus um- 


DifFugiunt fontes, et retro lumina vortunt ; 
Hos pugiles R omx per faecula longa fideles 
Evocat antiftes Babylonius, atque ita fatur. 
Finibus occiduis circumfufum incolit aequor 
Gens exofa mihi, prudens natura negavit 
Indignam penitus noftro conjungere mundo : 
Illuc, fie jubeo, celeri contendite greffu, 
Tartareoque leves difflentur pulvere in auras 
Et rex et pariter fatrapae, fcelerata propago, 
Et quotquot fidei caluere cupidine veras 
Confilii ibcios adhibete, operifque miniftros. 
Finierat, rigidi cupide paruerigemelli; 

Interea longo fleftens curvamine 

P O E M A T A. 

Defpicit setherea doriunus qul fulgurat arce, 
Vanaque perverfa; ridet conamina turbne, 
.Atque fui caufam populi volet ipfe tueri. 

Elfe ferunt fpatium, qua diftat ab afide terra 
Fertilis Europe, et fpe&at Mareotidas undas ; 
Hie turns pofita eft Titanidos ardua Famx 
JErea, lata, fonans, rutilis vicinior aftris 
Quam fuperimpofitum vel Athos vel Pelion OfTse. 
Mille fores aditufque patent, totidemque feneftrce, 
Amplaque per tenues tranilucent atria muros : 
Excitat hie varios plebs agglomerata fufurros ; 
<>ualiter inftrepitant circum muiSraria bomhis 
Agmina mufcarum, aut texto per ovilia junco, 
Dum Canis aeftivum call petit adua culaien. 
Ipfa quidem fumma fedet ultrfx matris in arce, 
Auribus innumeris ductum caput eminet olli, 
^Queis fonitum exiguum trahit, atque leviffima 


^lurmura, ab extremis patnli confinibus orbis. 
Nee tot, Ariftoride fervator inique juvencae 
Ifidos, immki volvebas lumina vultu, 
JLumina non unquam tacito nutantia fomno, 
JLumiua fubje<5ras late fpeclantia terras, 
^ftis ilia foltt loca luce carentia faepe 
Perluftrare, ctiam radianti impervia foli : 
Millenifque loquax auditaquc vifaque lingv.ia 
Cuilibet effundit temeraria, v<eraque mendax 
Nunc minuit, modo conlicliis fermonibus auget. 
Sed tamen a noftro mcruifti carmine laudes 
Fama, bonum quo non aliud veracius uilum, 
Nobis digna cani, nee te memorafle pigebit 
Carmine tarn longo, fervati fcilicet Angli 
Officiis vaga diva tttis, tibi reddimus aequa. 
Te Deus, aeternos motu qui temperat igriea, 
} ; ulniine praemiflb alloquitur, terraque tremente : 
Fama files ? an te latet impia Papillarum 
Conjurata cohors in meque meofque Britannos, 
Et novo fccptigero eaedes meditata lacobo ? 
Nee plura, ilia ftatim fenfit mandata I'onantis, 
3it fatis ante fugax flridentis induit alas, 
Induit et variis exilia corpora plumis ; 
Dextra tubam geflat Temefaeo ex acre fonoram. 
Nee mora jam pennis cedentes remigat auras, 
Atque parum eft curfu eeleres praevtrtere nubes, 
Jam ventos, jam folis equos poft terga reliquit : 
Et primo Ar?gliacas folito de more per urbes 
Ambiguas voces, incertaque murmura fpargit, 
Mox arguta dolos, et deteftabile vulgat 
Proditiouis opus, nee non facia horrida dictu, 
Autherelq-je addit fceleris, nee garrula caecis 
Infidus loca ftru<5U filet ? ftupuere relatis, 
Et pariter juvenes, pariter trcmuere puellae, 
Effoetique fenes pariter tantaeque ruinae 
Senfus ad aetatem fubito penetraverit omnem. 
Attamen interea populi miferefcit ab alto 
^Itbereus pater, et credulibus obftitit aufis 
Papicolum ; capti pcenas raptantur ad acres ; 
At pia thura Deo, et grati folvuntur honores ; 
Compita laeta focis genialibus omnia fumant ; 
Turba chores juvenilis agit : Q^iintoque Novem- 
Nulla dies toto occurrit celcbratior anno. [bris 

Anno teia-tU 17. In abiium Pr<efulij Elienfis. 

ADHUC madentes rore fqualebant genje, 
Et ficca nondum lumina 


Adhuc liquentb imbre turgebant fali^ 

Quern nuper effudi pius, 
Dum mcefta charo jufta perfolvi rogo 

Wintonienfis Praefulis. 
Cum centilinguis Fama (pro fcmper mak 

Cladifque vera nuntia) 
Spargit per urbes divitis Brhanniae, 

Populofque Neptuno fatos, 
Cefliue-morti, et fereris fororibus 

Te generis human i decus, 
Qiii rex facroium ilia fuifti in infula 

Quie nomen Anguillse tenet. 
Tune inquietum peclus ira protinus 

Ebulliebat fervicla, 
Tumulis potentem f;epe devolvens dc-a^n : 

Nc,. vota Nafo iu Ibida 
Conccpit alto diriora peclore, 

Graiufque vates }>arcius 
Turpem Lycambis exeeratus eft dolum, 

Sponfamque Neobolen fuam. 
At ecce diras ipfe dum fundo graves?, 

El. imprecor neci necem, 
AudiiTe tales videor attonitus fonos 

Leni, fub aura, flamine : 
C.teos furores pone, pone vitream 

Bilcmque et irritas ruinas, 
Qiiid ternere violas non nocenda numlna, 

Subitoque ad iras pcrcita ? 
Non eft, ut arbitraris elufus mifer, 

Mors atra Nod is filia, 
Erebove pattre creta, five Erinnye, 

Valtove nata fub Chao : 
Aft ilia ca-lo miffa ftellato, Dei 

Mcfles ubiquc colligit ; 
Animafque mole carnea reconditas . ^ 

In luceni et auras evocat ; 
Ut cum fugaces excitant Hone diem 

Themiuos Jovifque fili:t ; 
Et fempiterni ducit ad vultus patris : 

At jufta raptat impios 
Sub regna furvi lucluofa Tartar!, 

Sedefque fubterraneas, 
Hanc ut vocantem Ixtus audivi, cito 

Focdum reliqui carcerem, 
Volatilefque fauftus inter milites 

Ad aftra fublimis. feror : 
Vates ut olim raptus ad ccelum fenex 

Aurigo currus ignei. 
Non me Bootis terruere lucidi 

Sarraca tarda frigore, aut 
Formidolofi fcorpionis brachia, 

Non enfis Orion tnus. 
Praetervolvavi fulgidi folis globum, 

Longeque fub pedibus deara 
Vidi triformem, dum coercebat fuos 

Fr^nis dracones aureis. 
Erraticorum, fiderum per ordines, 

Per ladleas vehor plagas, 
Velocitatem faepe miratus novam, 

Donee nitentes ad fores 
Ventum eft Olympi, et regiam chryftallynam, Ct 

Stratum fmaragdis atrium. 
Sed hie tacebo, nam quis eifare queat 

Oriundus humano patre 
Amoenitates illius loci ? mihi 

Sat eft in eternum frui. 

Naturam noh fatl fenhti*. 

Htu quam perpetuis erroribus ada fatifcit 
Avia mcns hominum, 

tenebrifque immerfa pro- 

Oedipodioniam volvit fub pedore nodem ! 
Qux vefana fuis metiri fada deorum 
Audet, et incifas leges adamante perenni 
Aflimilare fuis, nulloque folubile faeclo 
Concilium fati perituris alligat horis. 

Erg6ne marcefcet fulcantibus obfita rugis 
Naturae facies, et rerum publica mater 
Omniparum contrada uterum fterilefcet ab avo ? 
Et fe fafla fenem male certis paflibu* ibit 
Sidereum tremebunda caput ? num tetraf vetuftas 
Anriorumque sterna fames, fquallorque Ctufque 
Sidera -vexabunt ? an et infatiabile Tempus 
Efuriet Ccelum, rapietque in vifcera patrem ? 
Heu, potuitne fuas imprudens Jupiter arces 
Hoc contra muniffe ncfas, et Temporis ifto 
Exemiffe malo, gyrofque dedifle perennes? 
Ergo erit ut quandoque fono dilapfa tremendo 
Convexi tabulata ruant, atque obvius idu 
Stridet uterque polus, fuperaque ut Olympius aula 
Decidat, horribilifque reteda Gorgone Pallas ; 
Qualis in jEgeam proles Junonia Lemnon 
Deturbato facro cecidit de limine coeli ? 
Tu quoque Phoebe tui cafus imitabere nati 
Praecipiti curru, fubitaque ferere ruina 
Pronus, et extinda fumabit lampade NereuSj 
Et dabit attonito feralia fibila ponto. 
Tune etiam ae'rei divulfus fedibus Hsmi 
Diffultabit apex, imoque allifa barathro 
Terrebunt Stygium dejeda Ceraunia Ditem, 
In fuperos quibus ufus erat, fraternaque bella. 
At Pater omnipotens fundatis fortius aftris 
Confuluit rerum furnmze, certoque peregit 
Pondere fatorum lances, atque ordine fummo 
Singula perpetuum juffit cervare tenorem. 
Volvitur hinc lapfu mundi rota prima diurno ; 
Raptat et ambitos focia vertigine ccelos. 
Tardior haud folito Saturnus, et acer ut olim , 
Fulmineum rutilat critlata caffide Mavors. 
Floridus sternum Phoebus juvenile corufcat, 
Nee fovet effcetas. loca per declivia terras 
Devexo temone Deus ; fed femper arnica 
Luce potens eadem currit per figna rotarum. 
Surgit odoratis pariter formofis ab Indis 
^Sthereum pecus albenti qui cogit Olympo 
Mane vocans, et ferus agens in pafcua cceii. 
Temporis et gemino difpertit regna colore. 
Fulget, obitque vices aletrno Delia cornu, 
Caeruleumque ignem paribus compleditur ulnia. 
Nee variant elcmenta fidem, folitcque fragore 
I.urida perculfas jaculantur fulmina rupes. 
Nee per inane furit leviori murmure Corus, 
Stringit et armJferos sequali horrore Gelonos 

' Trux aquilo, fpiratque hyemem, nimbos que vo- 

> lutat. 

Utque folet, Siculi diverberat ima Pelori 
Rex maris, et rauca circumftrepit aquora concha 
Oceani Tubicen, nee vafta mole minorem 

, JEgeona ferunt dorfo Balearica cete. 
Sed neque Terra tibi fcsecli vigor ille vetufti 
Prifcus abeft, fsrvatquc fuum Narciffus odorem^ 

&QEMATA. i$ 

Et puer Ule fuum tenet et puer ille decorem 
Phoebe tuufque et Cypri tuus, nee ditior olim 
Terra datum fceleri celavit montibus aurum 
Confcia, vel fub aquis gemmas. Sic denique in 


Ibit cundarum feries juftiffima rerum, 
Donee flamma orbem populabitur ultima, iate 
Circumplexa polos, et vafti cuhnina cceli ; 
Ingentique rogo flagrabit machina mundi. 

De Idea Platonica quttnadmcdutn Arljloteles IntellfKitt 

DICIT facrorum praefides nemorum deae, 
Tuque O noreni perbeata numinis 
Memoria mater, quxqui in immenfo procul 
Antro recumbis otiofo ^ternitas, 
Monumenta feryans, et ratas leges Jovis, 
Coelique faftos atque ephemeridas Deum, 
Quis ille primus cujus ex imagine 
Natura folers fihxit humanum genus, 
.ffiternus, incorruptus, squaevus polo, 
Unufque et univcrfus, exemplar Dei J 
Haud ille Palladis gemellus innubaa 
Interna proles infidet menti Jovis ; 
Sed quamlibet natura fit communior, 
Tamen feorfus extat ad morem unius, 
Et, mira, certo ftringitur fpacio loci ; 
Seu fempiternus ille fiderum comes 
Cceli pererrat ordines decemplices, 
Citimumve terris incolit lunaz globum : 
Sive inter animas corpus adituras fedens 
Obliviofas torpet ad Lethes aquas : 
Sive in rembta forte terrarum plaga 
Incedit ingens hominis archetypua gigas a 
Et diis tremendus erigit celfum caput 
Atlante major portitore fiderum, 
Non cui profundum caecitas lumen dedit 
Dircseus augur vidit hunc alto fmu; 
Non hunc filenti node Pleiones nepos 
Vatum fagaci prxpes oftendit choro ; 
Non hunc facerdos novit Affyrius, licet 
Longos vetufti commemoret atavos Nini, 
Prifcumque Belon, inclytumque Ofiridem, 
Non ille trino gloriofus nomine 
Ter magnus Hermes (ut fit arcani fciens) 
Talem reliquit Icidis cultoribus. 
At tu perenne runs Academi decus 
(Haec monftra fi tu primus induxti fcholis) 
Jam jam poetas urbis exules tuae 
Revocabis, ipfe tabulator maximus, 
Aut inftitutor ipfe migrabis foras. 

Ad Patrem. 

NONC mea Pierios cupiam per peclora fontes 
Irriguas torquere vias, totumque per ora 
Volvere laxatum gemino de vertice rivum ; 
Ut tcnues oblita fonds audacibus alis, 
Surgat in officium veneraftdi Mufa parentis. 
Hoc utcunque tibi gratum pater optime carmcfl 
Exiguum meditatur opus, nee novimus ijpfi 
Aptius a nobis quas poffint rilunera donis 
Refpondere tuis, quamvis nee maxima poffint 
Rt fpondcre tuis, nedum ut par gratia doaii 


P O E M A T A. 

. queat,'s guns redditur arida verbis. 
Sed tamen h c noftros oftendit pagina cenfus, 
.Et quod habemus opum charta numeravimus ifta, 
Ou a mini funt null. % nifi. quas dedit aurca Clio, 
Qius niihi femoto fomni peperere fub antro, 
Et nemoris iaureta facri Parnafildes umbra:. 

Nee tu vatis opus divinum deipice carmen, 
Quo nihil a j thereos ortus, et femina cceli, 
Nil magis humanam commendat rigine mentam, 
i!anc~ta promethe:^ retinens vefrigia fiamm;e. 
Carmen amant fupen, tremtbundaque Tartara 


Ima ciere valet, divofque ligare profundos, 
Et triplici duros Manes adamante coercet. 
Carmini fepcfiti retegunt arcana futuri 
Vhoebades, et trernule pallentes ora Sybillf ; 
Carniini facrifkus follennes pangit ad aras, 
Aurea feu fternit motantem cornua tauruni ; 
J-'iiu cum fata fagax fuman-tibus abdita fibris 
Confulit, et tepidis Parcam fcrutatur in cxtis. 
Kos etiam patrium tune eum repetemus Olyn>- 


./Eternasque mor ' ftabunt immobilis rcvi, 
Ibimus atiratis per coeli templa coronis, 
Uulcia iuaviloquo fociantes carmina pleclro, 
Aftra quibus, geminiqiie poli convexa fonabunt. 
Spiritus et rupidos qui circinat igneus orbes, 
Nunc quoque fidereis intercinit ipfe choreis 
Immortals mclos, et inenarrabile carmen ; 
Torrida unm rutilus compefcit fibila ferpens, 
Demifloque ferox gladio manfuefcit Orion ; 
Stellarum nee fentit crais Maurufius Atlas. 
Carmina regales epulas ornare folebant, 
Cum nondum luxus, vafla-que immenfa vorago 
Kota gulae, et rnodico fpumabat ccena Lyoae. 
Turn de more fcdens fefta ad convivia vates 
aTifcul-ja intonfos redimitus ab arbore criiies, 
Hcroumque adus, imitandaque gefta sancbut, 
Lt chaos, et pofiti late fundamina mandi, 
Rcptantefque decs et alentes numina glandes, 
Et nonduni JEtneo quxfitum fulmen ab antro, 
J)enique quid vocis modulamen inane juvabit, 
Verborum fenfufque vacans, numerique loquacis ? 
Silvcftres decet ift'e chores, non Orphea cantus, 
^ui tenuit fiuvios et quercubus addidit aures 
Carmine,' non cithara, fimulachraque funda ca- 

Cocipulit in lachrymas ; habet has a carmine laa- 


Ncc'^tu perge prccor fucras contemnere Mufas, 
Nee vanas inopefque puta, quarum ipfe peritus 
Munere, mille folios numeros componis ad aptos, 
Millibus et vocem modnlis variare canoram 
Doclus, Arionii nierito fis nominis haeres. 
rJunc til)i quid mirum, li me genuiiFe poetam 
CoTitigerit, charo fi tarn prope fanguihae jundli 
Cogna:as artes, ftudiumque affine fequamur ? 
Ipfe volens Phoebus te difportire duobus, 
Altcra dona mihi, dedit aitera dona parenti, 
Dividuumque Deum genitorque puerquc tenemus. 

Tu tamen ut fimule.s teneras odiffe Camcenas, 
Kon oclifle reor neque enim, pater, ire jubebas 
Qua yia lata patet, qua pronior area lucri, 
Certaque condendi fulget fpesaureu nummi : 
Nee rapis ad leges, male cuftoditaquc gsctis 

Jura, nee infulfis damnas clamoribus aures. 
Sed magis excultam cupiens ditefcere mentem,.- 
Me procul urbano flrcpitu, feceflibus altis 
Abdu&um Aoni v jucunda per otia ripce 
Phceba-o lateri comitem finis ire beatum. 
Officium chari taceo commune'parentis, 
Me pofcunt majora, tuo pater optime fumptu 
Cum mihi Romuleas patuit facundia lingua;, 
Et Latii veneres, et quse Jovis ora decebant 
Grandia magniloquis elata vocabula Graiis, 
Addere fuafifte quos jactat Gallia flores, 
Et quam degeneri novus Italus ore loquelam 
Fundit, barbaricos teftatus voce tumultus, 
Qujrque Paleftinus loquitur my fteria vates.j 
Denique quicqnid habet calum, fubjecliaque ccelo 
Terra parens, terrxque et ccelo interfluus aer, 
Quicquid et unda tegit, pontique agitabile mar- 


Per te nofle licet, per te, fl nofTe libebit. 
Dimotaque venit fpeclanda fcientia nube, 
Nudaque confpicuos inclinat ad ofcula vultus, 
Ni fugiiTe velim, ni fit libaffe moleftum. 

I nunc, confer opes quifquis malefanus avitas 
Auftriaci gazas, Periianaque regna praeoptas. 
Qu potuit majora pater tribuiife, vel ipfe 
Jupiter, exccpto, donaffet ut omnia, ccelo ? 
Non potiora dedit, quamvis et tuta fuifient, 
Publica qui juveni commifit lumina nato 
Atque Hyperionios currus, ct frsena diei, 
Et circum undantem rediata luce tiaram. 
f^rgo ego jam do6la; pars quamlibet ima catervaD 
Victrices hederas inter, laurofque fcdebo, 
Jamque nee obfcurus populo mifcebor inerti, 
Vitabuntque oculos vcftigia noftra profanes. 
Efteprccul vigiles cura , procul efte quereli;, 
Invidisuque acies tranfverib tortilis hirquo, 
Sxva nee anguiferos cxtende calumnia ri ( flusj 
In me trifle nihil fcediilima turba poteftis, 
Nee veftri fum juris ego ; fecuraque tutus 
PeAora, vipereo gradrar fublimis ab ictu. 

At tibi, chare pater, poflquam non a;qua me- 


Pofle rtfeire datur,nec dona rependere faclis, 
Sit memoiaffe fatis, repetitaque rnunera grato- 
Percenfere animo, fidaeque reponere menti. 

Et vos, O noflri, juvenilia carmina, lufus, 
Si modo perpetuos fperare audebitis annos, 
lit domini fupereile rogo, lucemque tueri, 
Nee fpiflb rapient oblivia nigra fub Oreo, 
Forfitan has laudes, decautatumque parenti*- 
Nomea, ad exemplum, fero fervabitis avo. 

Pfalm exiv. 
"rs -araiSt;, $<r a.'^Ka.a, <ptA.' 'l 

ftxvov tw offtev y^os viz; 

I pa; 'lofizvftf -attTi 
'Ex 2' ofta. ffx 
np'tai otyo 

P 6 E M A T A. 



7r<*.up Qvytx.'S tpp<vr,<ras 

OLiia. ^ 

'ipaf lopSavri ffoTt etpyvpoztc-at t 
Ti-iff ops<& ffKXf&fidifftv K-ieeipscift 
"n.; xpiffi trfptyoMvjts 

-ri d" up' 

(ptzpxt ffvpifyi tuite vwo /u,tjTi 
^fno ytujt rpivfoc. 0eey fj.iy.iX 
Tct7x Q;ov rpiiuff vrxrov trsSxs 
'Ol TI x.t\ ix Tsr/XaMpy zroTKftX 

cccv Virpvs <rs ^Kxpuatfffftif 

jPhiloJuphus ad regem qitfndjm^ gui eum Ignotum et in- 
Jot tern inter reos forte captum iujcius damna'uerat^ 
<rjv scr) SVTO zyepiuaftsva; btL'c J' Lito mljit. 

n ava < eXlftif fit TOV iwiftev, ^s T<V' uvUauv 
Aewcv oX&i} ^pKfKVTX, ffo^ai-rctTav wSi naotivat 

tilet-ietis KO iir&TO, nay tvpo; -vfuov oupn, 
Toiov ti IK zfoXios sripieafi/ftav aXxxp oXiirtru,;. 

In ejpglel cjiu fculptorem. 

'Tov S' 

Ad Saljtllum Poetam Romanum agrotantem. 

O MUSA grefliim quas volens trahis claudum, 
Vulcanioque tarda gaudes inceffu, 
JiJec fentis illuil in loco minus gratum, 
Quam cum decentcs flava Deiope furas 
Alternat aureum ante Junonis leAum, 
Adel'dum et hzc f is verba pauca Salfillo 
Refer, Camoena noftra cui tantuni eil cordi, 
Qijamque ille magnis pra;tulit immcrito divis. 
Hacc trgo alumnis ille Londini Milto, 
Dicbus hifce qi?i fuum linquens nidum 
Polique traflum, (peflimus ubi ventorum, 
In fanientis impotenfque pulmonis 
Pernix anhela fub Jove exercet flabra) 
Venet feraces Itali foli ad glebas, 
Vifum fuperba cognitas urbes fama. 
Virofque dodseque indolem juventutis, 
Tibi optat idem hie faufta multa Salfille, 
Habitumqtie feflb corpori fanum ; 
Cui nunc profunda bilis infeftat renes, 
Prscordiifque fixa damnofum fpirat. 
Nee id pepercit impia quod tu Romano 
Tarn cultus ore Lelbium condis melos. 
O duke divum munus,.O falus Hebes 
Germana ! Tuque Phabe morborum terror 
Pythone Cxib, five tu magis Pzan 
Libt nter audis, hie tuus facerdos eft. 
Querceta Fauni, vofque rore vinofo 
Colle* benigni, mitis Evandri fedes, 
Siquid falubre vallibus frendet vcftris, 

I.avcmen zgro ferte fertatim vati. 
Sic ille charis redditus rurfum Mufis 
Vicina dulci prata nmlcebit cantu. 
Ipfe inter atros emirabitur lucos 
Numa, ubi beatum degit otium xternum, 
S'.am reclivis Temper Jigenam Ipedtans. 
Tumidufque et ipfe Tibris hinc delinitua. 
Spei iavcbit annuae colnnorum : 
Nee in lepulchris ibit obfeflum reges 
Nimium fniiftro laxus irruens loro : 
bed trsna melius temperabit undarum, 
Aduique curvi falfa regna Portumni. 


"Joannes Baptifta fi/[anf>ts Marchio Vilenjis^ *vir ings* 
nil laude, turn liter arum JluJio, necnon et bellica 
virtute abud Italus clarus in primis eft. Ad qutm 
Torquati "TaJJi Jialogui extat de Amicitia fcriptus ; 
erat enlm T'ffi amiciffimiis ; ab quo etlam inter 
campaniS prinoipcs celebratur^ in illo poemata cui 
titulus Gerufalemme Conquiftata, lib. ao. 

Fra cavalier ma^nanimi, e Curteci il Manfo 

Is autborem Nlapoli ccmmorantem fnmma henevolen- 
tia profccutus ejl, multaque ei dctulit humanitatis ojffi- 
cia. Ad bunc itaque hefpes ille antequam ab ea Urbe 
difiederet t ut ne ingratutn fe ojlendcrat^ hoc carmen 

HJ.JEC quoque Manfe tux meditantur carmina 


Pierides, tibi Manfe chnro notiffime Phoebi, 
Quandoquidcm ille alium baud sequo eft dignatus 

' honort, 

Poft Galli cineres, et Mccarnatis Hetrufci 
Tu quoque, fi nuftras tantum valet aura Camoenajj 
Viei rices hedcras inter, laurofque fedebis. 
Te priikm magno felix concordia Taffo 
Junxit, et zeternis infcripfit nomina chartis. 
Mox tibi dulciloquum non infcia Mufa Marinurn 
Tradidit, ille tuuni dici fe gaudet alumnum, 
Dum canit Aflyrios diviim prolixus amores ; 
Mollis et Aufonias flupefccit carmine nymphas. 
Ille itidcin moriens tibi foli debita vates 
Offa tibi foli, fupremaque vota reliquit. 
Nee mafles pietas tua chara fefellit amici, 
Vidimus aridentem operofo ex acre poctam.. 
Nee fatis hoc vifum eft in utfumque, ct ncc pia 


Officia in tumulo, cupis integros rapere Oreo, 
Qua potes, atque avidas Parcarum eludcre leges 3 
Amborum genus, et varia fub forte pera&am 
Defcribis vitam, morefque, et dona Minervz ; 
^mulus illius Mycalen qui natus ad altam 
Rettulit ^Eolii vitam facundus Homcri, 
Ergo ego te Clius et magni nomine Phoebi, 
Manfe pater, jubeo lohgum ialvere per aevum 
Miffus Hyperboreo juveais peregrinus ab axe. 
Nee tu longinquam bonus afpernabare Mufam, 
O^uae nuper gelida vix enutrita fub Ardto 
Imprudens Italas aufa eft volitare per urbes. 
Nos etiam in noftro modulantes flumine cygrio* 
obfcuras nodtis fenfiffe per umbras, 



P O 2 M A T A. 

Qua fhamefis late puns argenteus urnis 
Oceani Glaticos perfundit gurgite crines. 
Quin et in has quondam pcrvenit Tityrus eras. 
Sed neque nos genus incultum, nee inutile Phoebo. 
Qua plaga fcpteno mundi fulaata Trione 
Brumalem patiiur longa fub no&c Booten. ,. 
Ncs etism colimus Phoeburn, ncs munera Phoebo 
Flaventes fpicas, et lutca mala caniitns, 
Halantemque crocum (perhibit nifi vana vetuftas) 
Mifimus, et lectas Druidum de gente choreas. 
(Gens Druides antiqna facris operata deurtim 
Hen um laudes imitandaque gefta Cdnebaut) 
Hinc queues fefto cingunt dtaria cantu 
Delo in herbofa G. aia? de more puellse 
Carminibus ketis memorant Corineida Loxo, 
Fatadicamquc Upin, cum flavicoma Hecacirge, 
Nuda Caledonio variatas pe&ora i'uco. 
Fortunate fenex, erg'., quacunque per obem 
Torquatt decus, et nomen celebrabitur ingens, 
Claraque ptrpetui fuccrefcet fama Marini, 
Tu quoque in ora frequens venies plaufumque vi- 
Et parili carpes her immortale volatu. [rorum, 
Dicetur turn fponte tuos habitaffe penates 
Cynthius, et famulus vinetfe ad limina Mufas : 
At non fponte domum tamen idem, et regis adivit, 
Rura Pheretiadz ccelo fugitives Apollo; 
Jlie licet magnum Aleiden fufceperat hoipes ; 
Tantum ubi clamofos placuit vitare bubulcos, 
Mobile manfueti ceflit Cironis in antrum, 
Irriguos inter faitus frondofaque te&a 
Peneium prope rivum . ibi lsey.-e fub ilice nigra; 
Ad citharx ftrtpirum blanda prcce iitus amid, 
Exilii dtiros lenibat voce labores. 
Turn neque fipa fuo bara-hro rex %a fub imo 
Saxa ftetere loe/>, nutat Trachinia rupes, 
Nee fentit folicas, immania pondera, filvas, 
Emotzquc fuis properant de coiiibus orni, 
Muloenturque novo maculofi carmine lynces. 
I")iis dilecfte ieriex, te Jupiter xquus oporttt 
Mafcenfem, ct miti luftrarit lumine Phoebus, 
Atlantiique nepos ; neque enim nifi charusab ortu 
Biis fuf eris poterit magno faviffe poetx. 
Hinc longseva tibi lento fub florc i'encdlus 
Vernat, et ./Efonios lucratur ^ivida fufoe, 
Nondum deciduos fervans tibi frontis honores, 
Ingeniumque vigens, et adultum mentis acumen. 
O mihi fi. mea fors talem concedat amicuni 
Phcebzos decoraffe viros qui tam bene norit, 
Si quando indigenas evocabo in carmine regcs, 
Arturumque etiam fub terris bella moventem ; 
Aut dicum inviclae fociali foedere menfs 
Magnanimo Heroas, et (O modo fpiritus adfit) 
Frangam Saxonicas Britonem fub Marte phalanges, 
Tandem ubi non tacitx permtnfus tempore vitae 
Annorumque fatur cineri fua juro relinquam, 
Hie mihi leflo ;-> adidis aftaret ocelli, 
Aftanti fat erat fi dicam fim tibi curae ; 
Ille meos artus liventi rrerte folutos 
Cui'aret parvet cemponi molliter urna. 
Forfitan et noftros ducat de marmore vultus, 
Nedens aut Paphia myrti aut Parnaflide iauri 
Fronde comas, at ego fecura pace quieiram. 
Turn quoque, fi qua fides, fi prsmia certa bono- 

}pfe ego caelicolum fcmotus in xthera divum, 

Quo labor et mens pura veliunt, atqtie Jgnca vir- 
Secreti hxc aliqua mundi de parte videbo L tus 7 
(Quantum iata iinunt) et tota meuta ferenum 
Ridens purpureo luffundar lumine vultus, 
Et fimul stliereo plaudam mihi lastus Olympo. 



Tbyr/is et Damon ej'fdem vicini<e paftores, eadem 
jludla fecuti a pueritia amici erant, ut qui plur'f 
mum, Tbyrfis animt caufa prof e fins peregre d: 
obitu Damonu nunthim uccepit. Domum pojleh re- 
verfut et rem ita effe comperto t fe, fuamqiie fo!i- 
tiidinem hoc carmine i/eplorat. Datnunls autem juB 
pcrfona hie intelligiiur Carolut D:odatus ex urbs 
Hetrufite Luca patcrno gencre oritindus t cetera 
dnglttt ; ingenio, dolrlna^ tlarij/ttnifque eteterls 
'virtptibus, dum viveret, juiitnis egretrius* 

HIMERIDF.S nymphae (dam vos et Daphnin ct 


Et plorata diu meminiftis fata Bionis) 
Dicite Sicelicum Thamefina per oppida carmen : 
Quas mifcr effudit voces, quas murmura Thyrfis, 
Et quibus afliduis <xercuit antra querelis, 
Flunnnaque, fontefque vagos, nemorumque recef- 
fi!9, [tam 

Dum fibi prarrcptum qucritur Damona, neque al- 
I.ucStibus exernit nodtem loca folo pererrans. 
Et jam bis viride furgebat culmus arifta, 
J'.t totidem fiavas numerabant horrea melTe?, 
Ex quo fumma dies tulerat Damona fub umbras, 
Nee dum aderat Thyrfi.s; paftcrem fciiicet ilium 
Dulcis amor Mufas Thufca retinebat in urbe. 
A<1 ubi mens expleta (ionium, pecorifque reliifU 
Cura vocat, fimul affueta feditque fub ulmo, 
Turn vero amifTmn turn denique fentit amicum, 
Coepit et mimenfum fie exonerare dolorem. 

Ite domum impafli, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Hei mibi ! quae tertis, quas dicam nurnina ccelo, 
Poftquam te immiti rapuerunt funere Damon 
Siccine nos linquis*, tua fie fine nomine virtus , 
Ibit, et obfcuris numero fociabitur umbris ? 
At non ille, animas virga qui dividit aurea, 
lita velit, dignurnque tui te ducat in agmen, 
Ignavumque procul pecus arceat omne filentum, 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni,. 
Quicquid erit, certe nifi me lupus ante videbit, 
Indeplorata non comminuere fepulchro, 
Conftabitque tuus tibi honos, longumque vigebit 
Inttr paftores : Illi tibi vota fecundo 
Soivere poft Daphnin, poft Daphnin dicere laudes 
Gaudebunt, dum rura Pales, dum Faunus amabit 1 
Si quid id eft, prifcamque fidem coluiffe, piumque, 
Palladiafque artes, fociumque habuiffe canoruna. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Haec tibi certa manent, tibi erunt h*c praemia, 


At raihi quid tandem fiet modo ? quis mihi fidui 
Hacrebit lateri comes, ut tu folebas 
Frigoribus duris, et per loca fceta pruinis, 
Aut rapido fub ibis, iiti morientibus herbis $ 

P O E M A T A. 

Sive opus in magnos fult emlnus ire leonts, 
Aut avidos terrere lupbs praefepibus altis; 
Quis fando fop re diem, caotuque folebit ? 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Peftera cui credam ? quis me lenire docehit 
Mordaces curas, quis lottyam fallere noclem 
Dulcibus alloquii*, grato cum fibilat igni 
Molle pyrum, et nucibus ftrep" itat focus et malus 

Mifcet cun&a foris, et defuper intonat ulmo ? 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Aut aftate, dies medio dum vertitur axe, 
Cum Pan xfculea fomnum capit abditus umbra, 
lit repetunt fub aquis iibi nota fediiia nymph;?, 
Paftorelque latent, ftertit fub fepe colonus, 
Quis mihi blanditiafque tuas, quis turn mihi rifus, 
Cecropiofque fales referet, cultofque lepores ? 

Ite domum impafti, domine jam non vacat, agni. 
At jam folus agros, jam pafcua folus oberro, 
Sictfbi ramofx denfantur vailibus umbrae, 
Hie ferum expecto, fupra caput imber et Eurus 
Trifte fonant, fra&Tque agitata crepufcula fylvx. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam nen vacat, agni. 
Heu quam culta mihi prius arva procacibus herbis 
Involvuntur, et ipfe fitu feges alta fatikit ! 
Innuba negleclo marcefcit ec uva racemo, 
Nee myrteta juvant ; ovium quoque tcedet at ill 
Mcerent, inque firtim convertunt ora magiftrum. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Tityrus ad Corylos vocat, Alphefiboeus ad orno's, 
Ad falices Aegon, ad flumina pulcher Amyntas. 
Hie gelidi fontes, hie illita gramma mufco. 
Hie Zephyri, hie placidas mterftrepit arbutus un- 

Ifta canunt furdo, frutices ego naclus abibam. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, a^ni. 
Mopfus ad haze, nam me redeuntem forte notarat, 
( Et callebat avium hngus, et fidere Mopfub) 
Thyrfi quid hoc ? dixit, qux te coquit improba- 

bilis ? 

Aut te perdit amor, aut te male fafcinat aftrum, 
Saturni grave frpe fuit paftoribus aftrum, 
Intimaque obliquo figit przcordia plumbo. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vac. t, agni. 
Mirantur nympha-, et quid te Thyrfi futurum eft ? 
Quid tibi vis ? aiunt, non hxc folct efle juventos, 
Nubila frons, oculique truces, vultufque feveri, 
Ilia chores, lufufque leves, et femper amorem 
Jure petit, bis ille miier qui ferus amavit. 

Ite domum impafti dom no jam non vacat, 
Venit Hyas, Dryopeqtie, et filia Baucidis Aegle 
Docia modos, cithraeque fciens, fed pcrdita faftu, 
Venit Idumonii Chlbris vicina fluenti ; 
Nil me blanditix, nil me fulentia verba, 
Nil me, fi quid adeft, movet aut fpes ulla futuri. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Hei mihi quam fimiles ludunt p< r prata juvenci, 
Omnes unanimi fecum fibi lege fodalee, 
Nee magis hunc alio quifquam fecernit amicum 
De grege, fi denfi veniunt ad pabula thoes, 
Inque vicem hirfuti paribus junguntur onagri; 
Lex eadem pelegi, deferto in littore Proteus 
Agmina phocarum numeral, vilifque velucrum 
Pafler habct femper quicum fit, et omnia circum 
Farra libens volitet, ferO fua te&a rcvifew, 

Quern fi fors letho objecit, fua milvas adunco 
Fata tulit roftro, feu ftravit arundine foflbr, 
Protinus ille alium focio petit inde volatu. 
Nos durum genus, et dins exercita fa'tis 
Gens homines aliena animis, et pe<ftore dlfcors, 
Vix fibi quil'que parem de miliibus inveriit unum 
- <v ut fi fors dtderit randem non afpere votis, 
Hum inopina dies qua non fperaveris hora 
Surripit, ternum linquens in foecula damnum. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat 


Heu quis me ignotas traxit vagus error in oras 
Ire per ae'reas mpes, Alpemque nivofam ! 
Ecquid erat tanti Romam vidiffe fepultam, 
(''^uamvis ilia foret, qualem dum viferet olim, 
Tityrus ipfe fuos et oves tt rura reliquit ;) 
Ut te tarn dulci po'flem caruiffe fodale, 
Pofiem tot mariaulfa, tot interponere montes, 
Tot fylvas, tot faxa tibi, fluviofque fonantes ! 
Ah certe cxtremium licuiflet tangere dextram, 
Et bene compofitos placide moricntis ocellos, 
Et dixifle valle, noftri memnr ibis ad aftra. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Quamquam etiam veftri nunquam meniniffe pige- 
Paftorts Thufci Mufis operata juvemus, [bit, 
Hie Charis, atque Lepos ; et Thufcus tu quoque 


^ntiqua genus unde petis Lucumonis ab urbe. 
O ego qnantus eram, geiidi cum ftiatus ad Ami 
Murmura,poj-uleumque nemus,qna mollior herba, 
Carpere nunc violas, nunc fummas carpere myrtos, 
Et potui Lycid x- certantem audire Menalcam. 
Ipfe etiam rentare aufus fum, nee putb multum 
Difplicui, nam funt et apud me munera veftra 
Fiicella: cathalique, et cerca vincla cicutre, 
Qui'; et noftra fuas docerunt domma fagos 
Et Datis, et Erancinus, erant et vocibus ambo, 
'Et fludiis noti Lydorum fanguinis ambo. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non' vacat, agni. 
H v ,c mihi turn bto didabat rofcida luna, 
Dum foius teneros chudebam cradbus hoedbs. 
Ah quoties dixi, cum tecinis ater habebat, 
Nunc canit, aut lepori nunc tendit ratio Damon, 
Vimina nunc texit, varies fibi quod fit ih ufus ! 
Et qu* turn fadli fperabam mente futura 
Arripui veto levis, et prafcntia finxi, 
Heua bone numquid agis nifi te quid forte retardat, 
Imus ? et arguta paulfimrccubamusin umbrS, 
Aut ad aquas Coini, aut ubi jugera Caflibelauni ? 
Tu mihe percurres medicos, tua gramina, fuccos, 
Helleborumque, humilefque crocos,foliumque hya- 

Qjuafque habet ifta palus herbas, artefque meden- 


Ah pereant herb^, pereaht artefque medentum, 
Gramina, poftquam ipfi nil profecere magiftro. 
Ipfe etiam, riam nefcio quid mihi grande fonabat 
Fiftula, ab undecima jam lux eft altere node, 
Et turn forte novis admoram labra cicutis, 
DiflilUere tamen rapti compage, nee ultra 
Ferre graves potuero fonos, dubito quoque ne fim 
Turgidulus, tamen et referam , vos creditc fylvse. 

Tte domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
Ipfe ego Dardanias Rutupina per xquora puppes 
Dicam, et Pandrafidos regnum vetus Inogcniae, 

O E M A T A. 

Brennymque Arvigarumque duces, prifciimque Be- 


Et tandem Armor icos Britonum fub lege colonos ; 
Turn gravidam Arturo fatali fraude Togernen, 
Mendaces vultus, affumptaque Gorlois arma, 
Merlini dolus. O mihi turn fi vita fuperfit, 
Tu procul annofa pendebis fiftula pinu 
Multum oblita mihi, aut patriis mutata camcenis 
Brittonicum ftrides, quid eniin ? omnia non licet 


Non fperaffe uni licet omnia, mi fatis ample 
Mercts, et mihi grande decus f fim ignotus in asvum 
Turn licit, externo penituique inglorius orbi) 
Si me flava comas legat Ufa, et potor Alauni, 
Vorticibufque frequent Abra, et uemus omne 


Et Thamefis meus ante omnes, et fufca metallis 
Tamara, et extremis me difcant Orcades undis. 

Ite domum impafti, domino jam non vacat, agni. 
HKC tibi fervabam lenta fub cortice lauri, 
Hxc, et plura ilmul, turn qu.v mihi pocula Man- 


Manfus Chalcidicae non ultima gloria ripas, 
Bina dedit, mirum artis opus, mirandus et ipfa, 
Et circum gemino cslaverat argumento : 
In medio rubri maris unda, et odorifcrum ver, 
Littora Jonga Arabum, et ftidantesbalfama fylvas, 
Has inter Phojnix divina avis, unica terris 
Caeruk-nm fulgcns diverficoloribus alis 
Aurorarn vitreis furgentem refpicit undis. 
Pane aiia polus omnipatens, et magnus Olympus, 
Quis putet ? hie quoque Amor piclieque in nube 


Arma corufca faces, et fpicula tlndla pyropo ; 
Nee tenues animas pe&ufque ignobile vulgi 
Hinc ferit, at circum flammantia lumina torquens 
Semper in ereclum fpargit fua tela per orbes 
Impigar, et pronos nunquam coliimat ad iclus 
Hinc mentes ardere facro:, formreque deorum. 
' Tu quoque in his, nee me fallit fpes lubiica, 

Tu quoque in his certe es, nnm quo tua dulcis 


Sandlaque fimplicitas,nam quo tua Candida virtus ? 
Nee te Lethaeo fas qusefiviffe fub orco, 
Nee tibi conveniunt lacryma;, nee fiehimus ultra, 
Ite procul lacrymre, purum colit icthera Damon, 
^Ethera purus h;ibet, pluvium pede reppulit arcum ; 
Heroumque animas inter, divofque perennes, 
JEthereos haunt latices et gaudia potat 
Ore facro. Qpin tu cceli poft jura recepta 
iDester ades, placidufque fave quicunque vocaris, 
Seu tu nofter eris Oarnon, five sequior audis 
Diodotus, quo te divino nomine cundti 
C'xiicola;. norint, fylvifque vocabere Damon. 
Quod tibi purpures pu'dor, et fine labe juventus 
Gyata fuit, quod riulla tori libata voluptas, 
En etiam tibi virginei fervantur honores ; 
Ipfe caput nitiduni cirivflus rutilante corona, 
Lajtaque frondentis gefhuis unibracula palmaB 
JEternum perages imrri&rtales hymenseos ; 
<^antus ubi, choreifque furit lyra mifta beads, 
Fefta Sionxo bacchantur et Orgia Thyrfo. 

"Jan. 23. 1646. Ad Joannem Rouftum Oxonienfts a* 

cademiK bibliotbecarium. 

De libra Poematum amij/o, quern ille fibl denuo mitli 
pojlulabat, ut cum aliis no/iris in bibliotbeca publica 
refoaeret, Qde. 

Strophe I. 

GEMELLE cultu fimplici gaudens liber, 

Fronde licet gimina, 

Munditieque nitens non operofa, 

Qnam manus attulit 

Juvenilis olim, 

Sedula tamen baud nimii poetse ; 

Dum vagus Aufonias nune per umbras, 

Nunc Britannica per vireta lufit 

Infons populi, barbitoque devius 

Indulfit patrio, mox itidem pe6tine Dauni* 

Longinquutn intonuit melos 

Vicinjs v et hummum vix tetigit pede ; 


Quis te parve liber, quis te fratribus 

Subduxit reliquis dolo ? 

Cum tu miffus ab urbe, 

Doclo jugiter, obfecrante amico, 

Illuftre tendebas iter 

Thamefis ad incunabula 

Csrulei patris, 

Fontes ubi limpidi 

Anoidem, thyafufque facer 

Orbi notus per imrnenfos 

Temporum lapfus redeunte coelo d 

Celeberque futurus in avum ; 

Strophe 1. 

Modo quis deus, aut editus dco 

Priftinam gentis miferatus indolent 

(Si fatis noxas luimus priores, 

Mollkjue luxu degener otium) 

Tollat nefandos civium tumultus, 

Almaque revocet ftudia fanclus, 

Et relegatas fine fede Mufas 

Jam pede totis finibus Angligenum; 

Immundafque volucres 

Unguibus imminentes 

Figat Apolinea pharetra, 

Phineamque abigat peftem procul amne Pegafco* 


Qnin tu, libelle, nuncii licet mala 
Fide, vel ofcitantia 
Semel erraveris agmine fratrum, 
Seu quis te teneat fpecds, 
Seuque te latebra, lorfan unde viH 
Calo tereris inftitoris infulfi, 
JL tare felix, en iterum tibi 
Spes nova fulget poffe profundam 
Fugere Lethen, vehique fuperanv 
In Jovis aulam remige penna j 

P O E M A T A. 

Strople 3. 

Nam te Roufius fui 

Optat peculi, numeroque jufto 

Sibi pollifitum queritur abefle, 

Rogatque venias ille cujus inclyta 

glint data virum monumenta curz : 

Teque aditis etiam facris 

Voluit reooni, quibus et ipfe praefidet 

./Eternorum operum cuftos fidelis, 

'Quseftorque gazas nobilioris, 

Quam cui prsefuit Ion 

Clarus Erechtheides 

O pulenta dei per templa parentis 

Fulvofque tripodas, donaque Delphica, 

Ion A<ftza genitus Creufa. 

Antijlrofle . 

Ergo tu vifere lucos 

Mufarum ibis amoenos, 

Diamque Phoebi rurfus ibis in domum, 

Oxonia quam valle colit 

Delo pofthabita, 

Bifidoque Parnaffi jugo : 

Ibis honeftus, 

Poftquam egregiam tu qxioque fortem 

Nactus abis, dextri prece follicitatus amici, 

Jllic legeris inter alta nomina 

Authorum, Graiz fimul et Latins 

Antique gentis lumina, et verum decus, 


Vos tandem haud vacui mei labores, 
Quicquid hoc fterile fudit ingenium, 
Jam fere placidam fperare jubeo 

Perfun&am invidia requiem, fedcfque bapas 

Quas bonus Hermes 

Et tutela dabit folers Roiifi, 

Quo neque lingua procax vulgi penetrabit 

Turba legentum prava faceflct ; 

At ultimi nepotcs, 

Et cordatior setas 

Judicia rebus zquiora forfitan 

Adhibebit integro finu. 

Turn livore fepulto, 

Si quid meremur fana pofteritas fciet 

Roufio favente. 

Ode tribus conftat Stropbis, totidemque Antis- 
trophis, una demum Epodo claufis, quas, tumetfi 
omnes nee verfuum numero,nec certis ubique colis 
exade refpondtant, ita tamen fecuimus, commode 
legendi potius quam ad antiquos concinendi modos 
rationem lpe<5lantes. Alioquin hoc genus redius 
fortafle dici monoftrophicum debuerat. Metra 
partim fur.t KKTO, ff^sfw, partim, acrsXsX^sva. Pha- 
leucia quz funt Sponda-um tertio loco bis admit- 
tunt, quod idem in fecundo loco Catullus ad libi 
tum fecit. 

Ad Cbrijlinam Suecorum Rtglnam nomine Cromivclli. 

BELLIPOTENS Virgo, feptem Regina Trionum, 

Chriftina, ArdloHucida ftella poli, 
Cernis quas merui dura fub caflide rugas, 

Utque fenex armis impiger ora tero ; 
Invia fatorum dum per veftigia nitor, 

Exequor et populi fortia juffa manu. 
Aft tibi fubmittit frontem reventior umbra ; 

Ncc funt hi vultus Regibus ufque truces. 

N iiij 

















To which i* prefixed, 


Alone exempted from the common fate, 

The force of COWLEY held a lading date : 

For Envy's blaft, and pow'rful Time, too ftrong, 

He blofibm'd early, and he flourilh'd long: 

In whom the double miracle was feen, 

Ripe in his fpring,and in his autumn green ; 

With us he left his gen'rous fruit behind, 

The feaft of wit, and banquet of the mind : 

While the fair tree, tranfplanted to the fkie% 

In verdure with th* Elyfian garden vies, 

The pride of earth before, and now of Paradife. 






./ABRAHAM COWLEY was born in London in the year 1618. His father, a reputable citizen, dying 
before his birth, left him to the care of his mother, but, in circumftances fo ftraitened, that with dif 
ficulty could {he procure for him a literary education, which, from marking the early bloom of his 
infant underftanding, was an object (he had much at heart : She lived however to enjoy the reward 
of her folicitude, by feeing her fon eminent and profperous, and by receiving in her turn from him, 
the juft tribute of filial gratitude. 

Cowley, at a very early age, by an accidental perufal of Spencer's " Fairy Queen,'' difcovered his 
own propenfity for the mufes. Such trivial occurrences not unfrequently indicate to a man the peculiar 
bent of his genius, and determine his future deftination in life* 

He was firfl fent to Weftminfter fchool, where it is recorded of him, that, unable to endure the 
drudgery of acquiring the rules of grammar in the ufual manner, he obtained a perfect knowledge 
of the learned languages without them. 

While atfchool, he difplayed a vernal maturity of intellectual powers, unequalled, perhaps, by any 
author at the fame period of life. Milton and Pope indeed gave early proofs of extraordinary mental 
vigour ; but their juvenile pieces, it is almoft certain, received the correction of their riper judgments, 
as they were not publifhed till fome years after they were compofed. The fpecimens which Cowley 
gave of the maturity of his genius, are unequivocal ; for, befides writing a comedy, called " Love's 
Riddle," publifhed afterv ards when he was at college, he actually gave to the world, in the thir 
teenth year of his age, a volume of poems, containing, among other pieces, his tragical hiflory of 
'* Pyramus and Thifbe," written in his tenth year, and his " Conftantia and Philetus, ' written two 
years after. 

In 1636 he was removed to Cambridge, where, notwith flan ding the intenfenefs of his fludies, he 
isfaidto have compofed the greater part of his " Davideis;' 5 a work, the very collecting of materi 
als for which, at fo early an age, evinced a mind of uncommon ardour and application ; but which, 
from a fubject ill chofen, and wo/fe conducted, vyas never in any efteem, and is now utterly neglected. 

The Prince of Wales pafling through Cambridge at the breaking out of the civil war, was enter 
tained by the fcholars of the univerfity, with a play called the " Guardian," fketched out for the 
occafion by Cowley. This play, fome time after the reftoration, the author brought on the ftage, under 
the title of " the Cutter of Coleman-ftreet :" it was however, to his no fmall difappointment, damned, 
and, flrange to add, for being a fuppofed fatire on the royalifts ! The piece itfelf, though printed among 
his works, is now fcarcely known ; it is very entertaining, and has fomething of the rough vigorous 
wit, and ftrong-marked character of the comedies of Ben Johnfon. 

From Cambridge, he was neceflitated, by the prevalence of the parliament there, in 1643, to re- 
move to Oxford, which was the head quarters of the royalifts, whofe good graces he obtained, by the 
fuavity of his manners, and the unreferved warmth of his loyalty : The virtuous and accomplifhed 
Lord Falkland, in particular, honoured him with his entire fi iendfhip. 

From Oxford he followed the Queen to Paris, as fecretary to the Earl of St. Albans, where he wag 
engaged in the highly confidential and honourable employment of cyphering and decyphering the 
letters that paffed between the king and queen. He was abfent from his native country about twelve 
years ; during which time be had his ihare of the diftrefles of the royal party, and performed feveral 
journies to Holland, Flanders, Scotland, Jerfey, and elfewhere, as the caule he was engaged in re 


In 1647, he publiflied his " Miftrefs," an amorous effufmn to an ideal Fair-one, where metaphjr- 
lical fubtlety and far-fetched conceit, ufurp the fentiments of palfion and of nature ; how different from 
the elegant and pathetic fonnets of Petrarch, infpired by a real object ! 

About the year 1656, he returned to Hs native country, his prefence being judged more neceffary 
in England, ^o give occafional notice of the pofture of affairs in the kingdom. Here, notwithftanding 
his caution to remain concealed, he was arrefted, having been miftaken for another, and after an ex 
amination, was put into confinement } from which however he was liberated, on finding fecurity for a 
thoufand pounds, given by Doctor Scarborough. 

About this time he collected and publilhed his poems, in the preface to which, he declares his refo- 
lution " to retire himfelf to feme of the American plantations, and to forfak* this world for ever." 

In the viciffitudes of human events, poets were never remarkable for conftancy or fortitude ; and 
Cowley found it expedient to temporize with the ruling powers, to be permitted to live in peace. 

In the following year, the better to fcreen himfelf from notice, he took out a Degree of Doctor of 
Phyfic at Oxford, in which profefllon it does not appear that he ever practifed. He retired however to 
Kent, where he ftudied botany, and afterwards publifhed in Latin verfe, fix books on Plants. Doctor 
Johnfon prefers Cowley's Latin performances to Milton's, becaufe the latter was contented to think as 
the ancients might have done, and to exprefs himfelf in their language ; whereas Cowle) , in language 
equally claflical, thinks for himfelf ; but his conceptions are juft the fame in Latin as in Englifh ; and 
if thefe feem exotic and uncouth in their native foil, how muft they appear in a foreign one ? 

On the death of the protector, he went again to France, where he remained in the king's fuite till 
the reftoration, reinftated in his former employment. 

At the reiteration, after his long and faithful fervices, he found h ; mfelf, like many others with equal 
pretenfions to favour, neglected ; upon which he retired, querulous and diftppotnted, not indeed to 
America, but to Chertfey in Surrey, where, however, by the exartions of his friends the Earl of St. 
Albansand the Duke of Buckingham he foon obtained a plentiful income ; but he did not long expe 
rience the tranquillity or irkfunenefs of folitude ; his conftitution, previoufly weakened by a flow fever, 
taken on hisfirft removal to the country, was unable to refift a fevere defiuxion on hi* lungs, occafioned 
by a neglected cold, which hurried him off, alter a fortnight's confinement at the Porch Houfe in 
Chertfey, in the year 1667, and the 49th of his age. His funeral was fumptuoufly attended to Wefl- 
zninfter Abbey, where his remains were dcj-ofited between thofe of Chaucer and Spencer. 

The countenance and deportment of Abraham Cowley were fweet and amiable, a real index of his 
mind; in his manners and perfon, there was nothing fingular or affected : He had the modefty of a 
man of genius, and the humility of a chriftian : His wit, however great, never gave pain to another, 
and his learning, though profound and exfenfive, was ornamental not cumberfome to his mind. In 
fine, his eulogy pronounced by Charles II, has never been contradicted by envy or faction, viz. 
" That Mr. Cowley had rot left a better man behind him in England." 

The poetry of Cowley has had its full fhare of Praife during the life of its author. And the ramb 
ling meafure of his odes, which was called Pindaric, inundated the regions of poetry for half a century 
after his death, in violation of tafte, correctnefs, and nature. Though unable to recognize wit by any 
of its definitions, every one readily perceives where it is not ; no one therefore can ever miftake the 
conceits of the metaphyfical poets (as Doctor Johnfon terms them) for wit ; of thefe, Cowley was the. 
hief ; he found their poetry the fafhion of his day ; and he preferred it to the pure models of anti 
quity, which he was fo well acquainted with. It is to be lamented, that fo much learning and genius 
has been lavifhed, now, to fo little purpofe ; for, thofe who read Cowley, muft be contented to ad 
mire rather than to be pleafed. From this however, in his voluminous works, there are many exception^ 
His anacreontics in particular, are peculiarly delightful, perhaps equal to their ancient models; and 
their di&ion is fo finely polifhed, that the ruft of time has not as yet been able to tarnifh their luftrc. 


AT my return lately into England, I met, by great 
accident, (for fuch I account it to he, that any copy 
of it Ihould be extant any where fo long, unlefs at 
his houfe who printed it) a book intitled, The 
Iron Age, and publifhed under my name during the 
time of my abience. I wondered very much how 
one who could be fo foolifh to write fo ill verfes, 
Ihould yet be fo wife to fet them forth as another 
man's rather than his own ; though perhaps he 
might have made a better choice, and not father 
ed the baftard upon fuch a perfon, whofe ftock of 
reputation is, I fear, little enough for maintenance 
of his own numerous legitimate offspring of that 
kind. It would have been much leis injurious, if 
it had pleafed the author to put forth fome of my 
writings under his own name, rather than his own 
under mine : he had been in that a more pardon 
able -jjagiary, and had done lefs wrong by rob 
bery, than he does by fuch a bounty ; for nobody 

. can be juftified by the imputation even of ano 
ther's merit ; and our own coarfe clothes are like 
to become us better than thofe of another man's, 
though never fo rich : but thefe, to fay the truth 
were fo beggarly, that I myfelf was afhamed to 
wear them. It was in vain for me that I avoid 
ed cenfure by the concealment of my own writ 
ings, if my reputation could be thus executed in 
effigy ; and impofiible it is for any good name to 
be in fafety, if the malice of witches have the 
power to confume and deftroy it in an image of 

their own making. This indeed was fo ill made, 

gan to look it over, and changed It very much, 
ftriking out fome whole parts, as that of the Poet 
and the Soldier ; but I have loft the copy, and 
dare not think it deferves the pains to write it 
again, which makes me omit it in this publication, 
though there be fome things in it which I am not 
afliamed of, taking the exci'fe of my age and fmall 
experience in human converfation when I made it. 
But as it is, it is only the hafty firft fitting of a 
picture, and therefore like to referable me accord 
ingly. From this which has happened to myfelf, 
I began to reflect on the fortune of almoft all 
writers, and efpecially poets, whofe works (com 
monly printed after their deaths) we find ftaffed 
out either with counterfeit pieces, like falfe money 
put in to fill up the bag, though it add nothing to 
the fum, or with fuch, which, though of their own 
coin, they would have called in themfelves for the 
bafenefs of the alloy. Whether this proceed from 
the indifcretion of their friends, who think a vaft, 
heap of ftones or rubbifh a better monument than 
a little tomb of marble, or by the unworthy ava 
rice of fome ftationers, who are consent to dimi- 
nifli the value of the author, fo they may increafe 
the price of the book, and, like vintners with fo- 
phifticate mixtures, fpoil the whole veflels of wine 
to make it yield more profit. This hath been the 
cafe with Shakefpeare, Fletcher, Johnfon, and 
many others, part of whofe poems \ fhould take 
the boldnefs to prune and lop away, if the care of 
replanting them in print did belong to me ; nei- 

and, fo unlike, that I hope the charm took no ef- j ther would I make any fcruple to cut off from 

fed ; fo that I efteem myfelf lefs prejudiced by it 
than by that which has been done to me fince, 
almoft in the fame kind, which is the publication 
of fome things of mine without my confent or 
knowledge ; and thofe fo mangled and imperfect, 
that I. could neither with honour acknowledge, nor 
with honefty quite difavow them : of which fort 
was a comedy called the Guardian, printed in the 
year i6jc, but made and acted before the Prince, 
in his paflage through Cambridge towards York, 
at the beginning of the late unhappy war ; or ra 
ther neither made nor a&ed, but rough drawn 
only, and repeated ; for the nafte was fo great, 
that it could neither be revifed nor perfected by 
the Author, nor learned without book by the ac 
tors, nor fet forth in any meafure tolerably by the 
officers of the College. After the reprefentation 

fome the unneceflary young fuckers, and from 
others the old withered branches ; for a great wit 
is no more tied to live in a vaft volume than in a 
gigantic body ; on the contrary, it is commonly 
more vigorous the lefs fpace it animates, and, as 
Statius fays of little Tydeus, 

._~ Totos Infufa per srtus 

Major in cxiguo regnabat corpore virtus. 

Slat. 1. 1. Theb. 

I am not ignorant, that by fayingthis of others, I eic- 
pofe myfelf to fome raillery, for not ufing the fame 
fevere difcretion in my own cafe, where it con 
cerns me nearer ; but though I publifh here more 
than in ftrid wifdom I ought to have done, yet I 
have fuppreffed and caft away more than I publifh ; 
and for the eafe of myfelf and others, have loft, I 
believe too, more than both. And upon thefe con- 
fiderations I have been perfuaded to overcome all 

(which I confefs was fomewhat of the latefb) ibe- j the juft repugnaaces qf my own modefty, and ta 


produce thefe Poems to the light and view of the 
world, not as a thing that 1 approved of in itielf, 
but as a lefs evil, wlii-h I chofe, rather than to 
flay till it were done for me by fomebody elfe, 
either furreptitioufly before, or avowedly after my 
death ; and this will be the more excufable, when 
the reader lhall know in what refpecls he may look 
upon me as a dead, or at leail, a dying- perfon,and 
upon my Mufe, in this action, as appearing like 
the Emperor Charles V. and affifling at her own 

For, to make myfelf abfolutely dead in a poeti- 
al capacity, my refolution at prefent is, never to 
exercife any more that faculty. It is, I confefs, but 
feldom feen that the poet dies before the man ; for 
when we once fall in love with that bewitching 
art, we do not ufe to court it as a miftrefs, but 
marry it as a wife, and take it for better or worfe, 
as an infeparable companion of our whole life : 
but as the marriages of infants do but rarely prof- 
fper, fo no man ought to wonder at the diminu 
tion or decay of my affection to pocfy, to which I 
had contracted myfelf fo much under age, and fo 
much to my own prejudice, in regard of thofe 
more profitable matches which I might have made 
among the richer fciences. As for the portion 
which this brings of fame, it is an eftate (if it be 
any, for men are not oftener deceived in their 
hopes of widows than in their opinion of exegi 
monumentum are percnnius) that hardly ever comes 
in whilft we are living to enjoy it, but is a fantafti- 
cal kind of reverfion to our own felves ; neither 
ought any man to envy poets, this pofthumous and 
imaginary happinefs, iince they find commonly 
fo little in preient, that it may be truly applied to 
them which St. Paul fpeaks of the firft Chriftians, 
" If their reward be in this life, they are of all 
" men the moft miferable." 

And if in quiet and flourifhing times they meet 
with fo fmall encouragement, what arc they to 
expedl in rough and troubled ones ? If wit be fuch 
a plant that it fcarce receives heat enough to pre- 
ferve it alive even in the fummer of our cold cli 
mate, hew can it choofe, but wither in a long and 
fharp winter ? A warlike, various, and a tragical 
age, is beft to write of, but woril to write in : and 
I may, though in a very unequal proportion, af- 
fume that to myfelf which was fpoken by Tully 
to a much better perfon, upon occafion of the 
civil wars and revolutions in his time, Sed in te in- 
tuent, J3rute y doleo, cujus in adolefcentlam per medlas 
laudcs quafi quadrigis itebentem trajifuerfa ineurrit ml- 
ferafortuna Reipubllca. Cic. de Clar. Orator. 

Neither is the prefent conftitution of my mind 
more proper than that of the times for this exer 
cife, or rather divertifement ; there is nothing that 
requires fo much ferenity and cheerfulnefs of fpirit ; 
it mull not be either overwhelmed with the cares 
of life, or overcafl with the clouds of melancholy 

Ovid,Je Tr//?.the humbledand dsjecied condition of 
fpirit with which he wrote it ; there fcarce re 
mains any footllcps of that genius. 

Qucrr; nee Ju>U ira, nee igncs, &c. 

The cold of the country had ftrucken through all 
his faculties, arid benumbed the very feet of his 
verfes.^He is himfclf, methinks, like one of the 
ftories of his own Metorhorphofes ; and though 
there remains fome weak refemblances of Ovid at 
Rome, it is but, as he fays of Niobe, 

In vultu color eft fu 

: fan^uine, lumina mceilis 
iiiliil eft iu imagine, 

' Ovid. Me tarn. I. 

and forrow, or fhaken and diflurbed with the ftorms | 
of injurious fortune : it muft, like the halcyon, have ' 
fair weather to breed in. The foul mufl be filled with 
bright and delightful ideas, when it undertakes to 
communicate delight to others, which is the main j 
end of poefy. One may fee through tke ftyle of j 

The truth is, for a man to write well, it is neceffary 
to be in good humour. Neither is wit lefs eclipfed 
with the unquiecnefs of mind, than beauty with 
the indifpofition of body ; fo that it is almoft as 
hard a thing to be a poet in defpight of Fortune, 
as it is in defpight of Nature. For my own part, 
neither my obligations to the Mufes, nor expecta 
tions from them, are fo great, as that I fhould 
fuffer myfelf on no confederations to be divorced, 
or that I fhould lay, like Horace, 

Quifquis erit vitas, fcribam, color Hor. Sit. i. 1. ii. Ser 

1 mall rather ufe his words in another place, 

Vixi cama:nis nuper idoncus, 
Et militavi 11011 line gloria, 
Nunc arma dcf--'~ v nmii; bello 
Barbit.onliic parie uabebit. 

i.. Hi. Car. Ode 26. VixitpuelHs.&c. 

And this refolution of mine does the ,more befit 
me, becaufe my defire has been for fome years 
pail, (though the execution has been accidentally 
diverted) and does ftill vehemently continue, to 
retire myfelf to fome of our American planta 
tions, not to feek for gold, or enrich myfelf with 
the traffic of thofe parts, (which is the end of moft 
men that travel thither) fo that of thefe Indies it 
is truer than it was of the former, 

Pauperiem iugiens. 

but te forfake this world for ever, with all the va 
nities and vexations of it, and to bury myfelf 
there, in fome obfcure retreat, (but not without 
the confolation of letters and philofophy) 

OblHufq; meorum, oblivifceudus et illis. 

as my former author fpeaks too, who has enticed 
me here, I know not how, into the pedantry of 
this heap of Latin fentences. And 1 think Dr. 
Donne's Sun-dial in a Grave is not more ufelefs 
and ridiculous than poetry would be in that retire 
ment. As this, therefore, is in a true fenfe a 
kind of death to the Mufes, and a real literal 
quitting of this world, fo, methinks, I may make 
a juft claim to the undoubted privilege of deceafed 
poets, which is to be read with more favour than 
the living ; 

Tanti eft ut placeara tibi, perire. Mart. 

Having been forced, for my own neceflary juf- 
tification, to trouble the reader with this long 
Difcourfe of the reafons why I trouble him allb 
with all the reft of the book, I mall only add fome- 
what concerning the feveral parts of it, and fome 
other pieces which I have thought fit to rejecl: in 
this publication : As, firft, all thofe which I wrote 
at fchool , from the age of ten years till after fif 
teen* j for even fo far backward there remahl yet 



fome traces of me in the little footftefs of a child ; 
which though they were then looked upon as 
commendsble extravagances in a boy, (men fetting 
a value upon any kind of fruit before the ufual 
feafon oi it) yet I would be loath to be bound now 
to read them all over myfelf, and therefore fhould 
do ill to expect that patience from others Be- 
fides, they have already pafled through feveral e- 
ditiuns, which is a longer life than ufes to be en 
joyed by infants that are born before the ordinary 
terms. They had the good fortune then to find 
the world fo indulgent (for, confidering the time 
of their production, who could be fo hardhearted 
to be fevere ?)'that I fcarce yet apprehend fo much 
to be cenfured for them, as for not having made 
advances afterwards proportionable to the fpeed of 
my fetting out, and am obliged too, in a manner 
by difcretion,to conceal and fupprefs them, as pro- 
mifes and inftruments under my ov/n hand, where 
by I flood engaged for more than I have been able 
to perform ; in which truly, if I have failed. I 
have the real excufe of the honefteft fort of bank 
rupts, which is, to have been made infolvable, not 
fo much by their own negligence and ill hufband- 
ry, as by fome notorious accidents and public dif- 
ailers. In the next place, I have caft away all 
. fuch pieces as I wrote during the time of the late 
troubles, with any relation to the differences that 
caufed them ; as, among others, three Books of 
the Civil War itfelf, reaching as far as the firft 
battle at Newbury, where the fucceeding misfor 
tunes of the party flopped the work. 

As for the enfuing Book, t confifts of four 
parts. The firft is a Mifcellany of feveral fubjedts, 
and fome of them made when I was very young, 
which it is perhaps fuperfluous to tell the reader ; 
1 know not by what chance 1 have kept copies of 
them, for they are but a very few in comparifon 
of thofe which I have loft, and I think they have 
no extraordinary virtue in them to deferve more 
care in prtfervation than was beftowed upon their 
brethren, for which I am fo little concerned, that 
I am afhamed of the arrogancy of the word, when 
I faid, " I had loft them." 

The fecond is called, the Miftrefs, or Love- 
verfes ; for fo it is, that poets are fcarce thought 
freemen of their company, without paying fome 
duties, and obliging themfelvesto be true to Love. 
Sooner or later they muft all pafs through that 
trial, like fome Mahometan monks, that are bound 
by their order, once at lead in their life, to make 
. a pilgrimage to Mecca ; 

In fui-ias ignemcjue ruunt : amor omnibus idem. 

But we muft not always make a judgment of 
their manners from their writings of this kind, as 
the Romanifts uncharitably do of Beza for a few 
lafcivious fonnets, compofed by him in his youth. 
It is not in this fcnfe that poefy is faid to be a kind 
of painting ; it is not the picture of the poet, but 
of things and perfons imagined by him. He may 
be in his own practice and difpofition a philefo- 
pher, nay, a ftoic, and yet fpeak fometimes with 
the foftnefs of an amorous Sappho j 

He profeffes too much the ufe of fables (though 
without the malice of deceiving) to have his tef- 
timony taken even againft himfelf. Neither would 
1 here be mtfunderftood, as if I affedted fo much 
gravity as to be afhamed to be thought really in 
love ; on the contrary, I cannot have a good opi 
nion of any man who is not at leaft capable of be 
ing fo ; but I fpeak it to excufe fome expreffiona 
(if fuch there be) which may happen to offend 
the feverity of fupercilious readers; for much ex- 
cefs is to be allowed in love, and even more in 
poetry, fo we avoid the two unpardonable vices 
in both, which are obfcenity and profanenefs, of 
which I am fure, if my words be ever guilty, they 
have ill reprefented my thoughts and intentions ; 
and if, notwithftanding all this, the lightnefs of 
the. matter here difpleafe any body, he may find 
where withal to content his more ferious inclinations 
in the weight and height of the enfuing argu 

For, as for the Pindarick Odes, (which is the 
third part) I am in great doubt whether they 
will be underftood by moft readers ; nay, even by 
very many who are well enough acquainted with 
the common roads, and ordinary tracks of poefy. 
They either are, or at leaft were meant to be, of 
chat kind of ftylc which Dion. Halicarnafleus calls 
Miy>.o<p</j xeti $u [Lira, ^etvoryiro; , and which he 

attributes to Alceus. The digreilions are many, 
and fudden, and fometimes long, according to the 
fifhion of all Lyricks, and of Pindar above all 
men living. The figures are unufual. and bold 
even to temerity, and fuch as I durft not have to 
do withal in any other kind of poetry. The num 
bers are various and irregular, and fometimes (e- 
ipecially fome of the long ones) feem harfh and 
uncouth, if the juft meafures and cadences be not 
obferved^ri the pronunciation : fo that almofl all 
their fweetnefs and numerofity (which is to be 
found, if 1 miftake not, in the rougheft, if rightly 
repeated) lies in a manner wholly at the mercy of 
the reader. I have briefly defcribed the nature of 
thtfe verfes in the ode intitled, The Refurrec- 
tion ; and though the liberty of them may incline 
a man to believe them eafy to be compofed, yet 
the undertaker will find it otherwifc. 

Ut fibi quivij 

ereL idem, mulunn, fudet fruftraq; laboret 
ufus idem. 

I come now to the laft part, which is Davideis, 
or an Heroical Poem of the Troubles of David 
which I defigned into twelve books, not for the 
Tribes' fake, but after the pattern of our matter 
Virgil, and intended to clofe all with that moft 
poetical and excellent elegy of David's on the 
death of Saul and Jonathan ; for I had no mind to 
carry him quite on to his anointing at Hebron, 
becaufe it is the cuftom of heroic poets (as we 
fee by the examples of Homer and Virgil, whom 
we fhauld do ill to forfake to imitate others) never 
to come to the full end of their ftory, but only fo 
near, that every one may fee it, as men commonly 
play not out the game, when it is evident that they 
can win it,butiay downtheir cards, 


they have won. This, I fay, was the whole de- 
$gn, in which there are many noble and fertile 
arguments behind ; as, the barbarous cruelty of 
Saul to the priefts at Nob ; the feveral flights and 
efcapes of David, with the manner of his Irving 
in the wildernefs ; the funeral of Samuel ; the 
love of Abigail ; the facking of Ziglag ; the iols 
and recovery of David's wives from the Ama- 
lekites; the witch of Endor ; the war with the 
PhililUnes ; and the battle of Gilboa : all which I 
meant to interweave, upon feveral occafions, with 
moft of the illuftrious ftories of the Old Teftament, 
and to embelliih with the moft remarkable anti 
quities of the Jews, and of other nations before or 
at that age. But I have had neither leifure hi 
therto, nor have appetite at prefent, to finifh the 
work, or fo much as to revife that part which is 
clone, with that care which I refolved to beftow 
upon it, and which the dignity of the matter well 
deferves ; for what worthier fubject could have 
been chofen among all the treafures of paft times, 
than the life of this young prince, who, from fo 
fmall beginnings, through i'uch infinite troubles 
and oppofitions, by fuch miraculous virtues and ex 
cellences, and with fuch incomparable variety of 
wonderful actions and accidents, became the great- 
eft monarch that ever fat on the moft famous 
throne of the whole earth ? Whom fhould a poet 
more juftly feekto honour than the higheft perfon 
\vho ever honoured his profeffion ? whom a Chrif- 
tian poet, rather than the man after God's own 
heart, and the man who had that facred pre-emi 
nence above all other princes, to be the beft and 
mightieft of that royal race from whence Chrift 
himfelf, according to the flefh, difdamed not to 
dcfcend ? When 1 confider this, and how many 
other bright and magnificent fubjects of the like 
nature the holy Scriptures affords and proffers, as 
it were to poefy, in the wife managing and illuf- 
trating whereof the glory of God Almighty might 
be pined with the fingular utility and nobleft de 
light of mankind, it is not without grief and in 
dignation that 1 behold that divine Science em 
ploying all her inexhauftible riches of wit and 
eloquence either in the wicked and beggarly flat 
tery of great perfons, or the unmanly idolizing of 
foolifh women, or the wretched affectation of 
fcurril laughter, or, at beft, on the confufed anti 
quated dreams of fenfelefs fables and meta- 
morphofes. Among-ft all holy and confecrat.ed 
things which the devil ever dole and alienated 
from the fervice of the Deity, as altars, temples, 
facrifices, prayers, and the like, there is none that 
he fo univerfally and fo long ufurped as poetry. 
It is time to recover it out of the tyrant's hands, 
and to reftore it to the kingdom of God, who is 
the father of it. It is time to baptize it in Jor 
dan ; for it will never become clean by bathing in 
the water of Damafcus. There wants, methinks, 
but the converfion of that and the Jews, for the 
accomplifhment of the kingdom of Chrift. And 
as men, before their receiving of the faith, do not 
without fome carnal reluctances, apprehend the 
bonds and fetters of it, but find it afterwards to 
b th trueft and greateft liberty, it; will fare no 

otherwife with this art, after the regeneration of 
it ; it will meet with wonderful variety of new, 
more beautiful and more delightful objects ; nei- 
ther will it want room, by being confined to hea 
ven. There is not fo great a lie to be found n 
any poet, as the vulgar conceit of men, that ly 
ing is effential to good poetry. Were there never 
fo wholefome nourifhment to be had (but, alas ! 
it breeds nothing but difeafes) out of thefe boaft- 
ed feafts of love and fables; yet, methinks, the un 
alterable continuance of the diet fhould make us 
naufeate it ; for it is almoft impofiible to ferve^up 
any new difh of that kind ; they are all but cold 
meats of the ancients new heated, and new fet 
forth. I do not at; all wonder that the old poets 
made fome rich crops out of thefe grounds ; the 
heart of the foil, was not then wrought out with 
continual tillage : but what can we expect now, 
who come a gleaning not after the firft reapers, 
but after the very beggars ? Befides, though thofe 
mad ftories of the Gods and heroes feem in them- 
felves fo ridiculous, yet they were then the whole 
body (or rather chaos) of the theology of thofe 
times : they were believed by all but a few philo- 
fophers, and perhaps fome Atheifts, andferved to 
good purpofe among the vulgar, (as pitiful things 
as they are) in ftrengthening the authority of law 
with the terrors of confcience, and expectation of 
certain rewards and unavoidable punifhments. 
There was no other religion, and therefore that 
was better than none at all : but to us who have 
no need of them, to us who deride their folly, and 
are wearied with their impertinences, they ought 
to appear no better arguments for verfe, than thofe 
of their worthy fucceffors, the knights-errant.) 
What can we imagine more proper for the orna 
ments of wit or learning in the ftory of Deuca 
lion than in that of Noah ? Why will not the ac 
tions of Samfon afford as plentiful matter as the 
labours of Hercules ? why is not Jephtha's daugh 
ter as good a woman as Iphigenia ? and the 
friendfhip of David and Jonathan more worthy 
celebration than that of Thefeus 'and Perethous ? 
Does not the pafTage of Mofes and the Ifraelites 
into the Holy Land yield incomparably more po 
etical variety than the voyages of Ulyffes or jEne- 
as ? Are the obfolete threadbare tales of Thebes 
and Troy half fo ftored with great, heroical, and 
fupernatural actions (fmce verie will needs find or 
make fuch) as the wars of Jolhua, of the judges, 
of David, and divers others ? Can all the trans 
formations of the Gods give fuch copious hints to 
flourifh and expatiate on, as the true miracles of 
Chrift, or of his prophets and apoftles ? What do 
J inftance in thefe few particulars ? all the books 
of the Bible are either already molt admirable and 
exalted pieces of poefy, or are the beft material* 
in the world for it. Yet, though they be in them-' 
felves fo proper to be made ufe of for this purpofe, 
none but a good artift will know how to do it : 
neither muft we think to cut and polifh diamonds 
with fo little pains and {kill as we do marble ; for 
if any man defign to compofe a facred poem, by 
only turning a ftory of the Scripture, like Mr^ 
Charles's, or foms other godly matter, like Mr. 

P R E F 

Heywood of angels, into rhyme, he is fo far from 
elevating of poefy, that he only abafes divinity. 
In brief, he who can write a profane poem well, 
may write a divine one better ; but he who can do 
that but ill, will do this much worfe. The fame fer 
tility of invention, the fame wifdom of difpofition, 
the fame judgment in obfervance of decencies, the 
fame luftre and vigour of elociuton, the fame mo- 
defty and majefty of number; briefly, the fame 
kind of habit is required to both ; only this latter 
allows better ftuff, and therefore would look more 

ACE. stop 

deformedly if ill drefled in it. I am far from af- 
fuming to myfelf to have fulfilled the duty of this 
weighty undertaking ; but fure I am that there 
is nothing yet in our language (nor 
any) that is in any degree anfwerable to :r 
that I conceive of it ; and I (hall be ambiup-.. 
no other fruit from this weak end i:nperfe< '?. it- 
tempt of mine, but the opening n; a v-aytc ii-c 
courage and induftry of fome other perior.s, who 
may be better able to perform it thoroughly and 


READER!' (I know not yet whether gentle or no) 
iome, I know, have been angry (I dare not aflume 
the honour of their envy) at my poetical bold- 
nefs, and blamed in mine what commends other 
fruits, earlinefs-; others, who "are either of a weak 
faith, or ftrong malice, have thought me like a 
pipe, which never founds but when it is blowed 
in, and read me not as Abraham Gowley, but 
autborcm anonymum. To the firft I anfwer, That 
it is an envious froft that nips the bloffoms, becaufe 
they appear quickly ; to the latter, that he is the 
worft homicide who ftrives to murder another's 
fame ; to both, That it is a ridiculous folly t<v 
condemn or laugh at the ftars, becaufe the moon 
and fun fhine brighter. The fmall fire I have is 
rather blown than extinguifhed by this wind ; for 
the itch ofpocfy, by being angered, increafes ; by 
rubbing, fpreads further ; which appears in that 
I have ventured on this eighth edition. What 
though it be neglecled ? it is not, I am fure, the 
jfirft book which hath lighted tobacco, or been 
employed by cooks and grocers. If in all men's 
judgments it fuffers fhipwreck, it fhall forhething 
content me, that it hath pleafed myfelf and the 
bookfeller. In it you fhall find one argument 
(and I hope I fhall need no more) to confute un 
believers, which is, that as mine age, and confe- 
quently, experience, (which is yet but little) hath 
increaied, fo they have not left my poefy flagging 
behind them. I fhould not be angry to fee any one 
"burn my Piramus and Thifbe ; nay, I would do 
it myfelf, but that I hope a pardon may eafily be 
gotten for the errors of ten years of age. My 

Conftantia and Philetus confeffes rne two years 
older when I wrote it. The reft were made flnce 
upon feveral occafions, and perhaps do not be- 
ie the time of their birth. Such as they are, 
hey were created by me, but their fate lies 
n your hands; it is only you can' effect that nei 
ther the bookfeller repent himfelfof his charge in 
jrinting them, nor I of my labours in competing 
:hem. Parewel. 



I CALL'D thebufkin'd Mufe, Melpomene, 

And told her what fad ftory I would write s 

She wept at hearing fuch a tragedy, 

Tho' wont in mournful ditties to delight. 

If thou difiike thefe fdrrowftil lines, then knovr 

My Mufe with tears, not with conceits did flovr, 


And as fhe my uriabler quill did guide, 
Her briny tears did on the paper fall, 
If then unequal numbers be efpy'd, 
Oh, Reader ! do not them my error call, 
But think her tears defac'd it ; and blame then 
My Mufe's grief, and not my miffing pen. 


To the Right Honourable and Right Reverend Father in God, 


My Lord, 

X MIGHT well feaf, left thofe my rude and unpolifhed lines fhould offend your Honourable Survey,' 
but that I hope your Noblenefs will rather fmile at the faults committed by a Child than cenfurethem. 
Howfoever, I defire your Lordfhip's Pardon for prefenting things fo unworthy to your view, and I* 
accept the good-will of him, whq in all duty, is bound to be 

Your Lordfhip** 

jMofi. humble Servant, 



To tie Memory of tie incomparable Mr. Coivley . 

WITH artlefs hand, and much diforder'd mind, 
(Pardon, illuftrious Man !) I come 
To try if worthy thee I ought can find, 
That grovelling I might offer at thy tomb ; 
For yet, nor yet thou never hadft thy due, 
Tho' courted by the underftanding few, 
And they fometimes officious too : 
Much more is qwing to thy mighty name 
Than was perform'd by noble Buckingham ; 
He chofe a place thy facred bortes to keep, 
Near that where poets and where monarchs deep. 

Well did thy kind Mecaenas mean 
To thee and to himfelfj and may that tomb 
Convey your mutual pfaife to ages yet to come : 
But monuments may betray their truft, 
And like their founders crumble into duft. 
"Were I to advife pofterity 
That fhould at all times acceptable be, 
Quickly to comprehend their great concern, 
Cowley mould be the firft word all their fons 
fhould learn. 

That charming name would ever grace infpire, 
Inflame their fouls with fupernatural fire, 
And make them nothing but what's truly good ad 

Early their tender minds would be poffefs'd 
With glorious images, and every breaft 
Imbibe an happinefs not to be exprefs'd 
Of thefe (blefs'd fhade!) when thou were here 
An unregarded fojourner, 
Thou hadft fo large a part, 
That thou doft hardly more appear 
Accomplifh'd where thou art ; 
But that thy radiant brow, 
Encircl'd with an everlafting wreathj 
Shews thee triumphant now 
OVr diiappointments and o'er death. 
When with afton;ftv:-.ent we caft an eye 
On thine amazing infancy, 
We envy Nature's prodigality 
To thee, and only thee, 
In whom (as in old Eden) ftill were feen 
All things florid, frefh, and green, 
JBlvfloans and fruit at once on one immortal tree. 

Herculean vigour hadft thou when but young, 

In riper years more than Alcides ftrong ; 

Then who fhall fing thy wond'rous fong ? 

For he that worthily would mention thee 

Should be diverted of mortality : 

No meaner ofFrirtg fhould he bring, 

Than what a faint might 'pon an angel fing ; 

Such as with cheerfulnefs thyfelf hadft done, 

If in thy lifetime thou hadft known 

So bright a theme to write upon : 

Though thou huft fung of heroes and of kingSj 

In mighty numbers mighty things, 

Enjoy (inimitable Bard !) 

Of all thy pleafant toil the fvveet reward, 

And ever venerable be, 

Till the unthinking world mall once more lie 

Immers'd in her firft chaos of barbarity : 

A curie now to be dreaded, for with thee 

Dy'd all the lovely decencies of poetry. 


To the tnsmory of tue Author, 

I o Fertile wits and plants of fruitful kind 
Impartial Nature the fame laws aflign'd ; 
Both have their fpring before they reach their prime, 
A time to bloffom, and a bearing time : 
An early bloom to both has- fatal been ; 
Thofe fooneft fade, whofe verdure firft was feen* 
Alone exempted from the co: mon fate, 
The forward Cowley held a lafting date : 
For envy's blaft, and pow'rful time too ftrong, 
He bloflbm'd early, and he flouriih'd long : 
In whom the double miracle was feen, 
Ripe in his fpring, and in his autumn green. 
With us he left his gen'rous fruit behind, 
The feaft of wit, and banquet of the mind : 
While the fair tree, tranfplanted to the fldes, T 
In verdure with th' Elyfian garden vies, > 

The pride cf Earth beiorc, and now of Paradife.> 

Thus faint our ftrongeft metaphors muft be, 
Thus unproportion'd to thy Mufe and thee. 
Thofe flowers, that did in thy rich garden fmile, 
Whither, tranfplanted to another foil: ; 
Thus Orpheus' harp that did wild beafts sominijnJj 
Had loft its force in any other hand. 



Saul's frantic rage harmonious founds obey'dj. 
His rage was charm'd, but 'twas when David 


The artlefs fince have touch'd thy facrcd lyre ; 
We have thy numbers, but we want thy fire. 
Horace and Virgil, where they brighteft fhin'd, 
Prov'd but thy ore, and were by thee refin'd : 
The conquerors that from the general flame "} 
Sav'd Pindar's roof, deferv'd a lading name ; f 
A greater thou, that didfl preferve his fame. 
A dark and huddled chaos long he lay, 
Till thy diviner genius' pow'rful ray 
Difperf'd the mifts of night, and gave him day. 
No mifts of time can make thy vcrfe lefs bright, 
Thou fhin'il like Phcebus with unborrow'd light. 
Henceforth no Phoebus we'll invoke, but thee ; 
Aufpicious to thy poor furvivers be I 
Who, unrewarded, plow the Mufes' foil, 
Our labour all the harveft of our toil ; 
And in excufe of fancies flag'd and tir'd, 
Can only fay, Auguftus is expir'd. 

On Mr. Cciulcys Juvenile Pocvis, and fie Tranjljtion 
of bis Plantarum. 


WHEN i young Alcides in his cradle lay, 
And grafp'd in both his infant hands, 
Broke from the nurfe's feeble bands, 
The bloody gafping prey. 
'Aloft hethofe firft trophies bore, 
And fqueezes out their poif'nous gore ; 
The women fhriek'd with wild amaze, 
The men as much affrighted gaze; 
But had the' wife Tirefus come 
Into the crowded room, 
With deep prophetic joy 
He'd heard the conquefls of the godlike boy, 
And fung in facred rage, 
What ravenous men, and beafls engage : 
Hence he'd propitious omens take, 
And from the triumphs of his infancy 
Portend his future victory 

O'er the foul ferpcnt wclt'ring wide in Lerna's 
dreadful lake. 


Alcides Pindar, Pindar Cowley fings, 
And while they ftrikc the vocal firings, 
To either both new honour brings. 
But who {hall now the mighty talk fuilain ? 
And now our Hercules is there, 
What Atlas can Olympus bear ? 
What mortal undergo th* unequal pain ? 
But 't is a glorious fate 
To fall with fuch a weight, 
Tho' with unhallowed fingers, I 
Will touch the ark, although I die. 
-Forgive me, O thou fhining Shade ! 
Forgive a fault which Love has made. 
Thus I my faucy kindnefs mourn, 
Which yet I canYrepent, 


Before thy facred monument, 

And moitlen with my tears thy wondrous unr, 


Begin, begin, my Mufe ! thy noble choir, 
And aim at fomething worthy Pindar's lyre ; 
Within thy breaft excite the kindling fire, 
And fan it with thy voice ! 
Cbwley does to Jove belong, 
Jove and Bowley claim my fong. 
Thefe fair firft-fruits of wit young Cowley bore, 
Which promis'd, if the happy tree 
Should ever reach maturity, 
To blefs the world with better and with more. 
Thus in the kernel of the largeft fruit 
Is all the tree in little drawn, 
The trunk, the branches, and the root ; 
Thus a fair day is pidur'd in a lovely dawn. 


Taffo, a poet in his infancy, 

Did hardly earlier rife than thee, 

Nor did he fhoot fo far, or fhine fo bright, 

Or in his dawning beams or noonday light. 

The Mufes did young Cowley raife ; 

They flole thee from thy nurfe's arms, 

Fed thee with facred love of praife, 

And taught thee all their charms : 

As if Apollo's felf had been thy fire, 

They daily rock'd thee on his lyre : 

Hence feeds of numbers in thy foul were fix'dV 

Deep as the very reaibn there, 

No force from thence could numbers tear, 

Even with thy being mix'd : 

And there they lurk'd, till Spenfer's facrcd flame 

Leap'd up and kindled thine, 

Thy thoughts as regular and fine, 

Thy foul the fame, 

Like his to honour, and to love inclin'd, 

As foft thy foul, as great thy mind. 


Whatever Cowley writes mufl pleafe ; 
Sure, like the gods, he fpeaks all languages. 
Whatever theme by Cowley's mufe is drefs'd, 
Whatever he'll efiay, 
Or in the fofter or the nobler way, 
He flill writes beft, 
If he ever ftretch his firings 
To mighty numbers, mighty things : 
So did Virgil's heroes fight ; 
Such glories wore, tho' not fo bright. 
If he'll paint his noble fire, 
Ah ! what thoughts his fongs infpire I 
Vigorous love and gay defire. 
Who would not, Cowley ! ruin'd be ? 
Who would not love that reads, that thinks of 

thee ? 

Whether thou in th' old Roman dofl delight, 
Or Englifh, full as ftrong, to write, 
Thy mafter-flrokes in both are fhewn, 
Cowley in both excels alone, 
Virgil of theirs, and Waller of our own. 


But why mould the foft fex be robb'd of thee ! 

Why fhould not England know 

How much fhe docs to Cowley owe ? 

How much fair Bofcobel's for-ever-fa:red tree > 



The hills, the groves, the plains, the woods, 

The fields, the meadow s, and the floods, 

The flow'ry world, where gods and poets ufe 

To court a mortal or a mufe ? 

It fhall be done. But who, ah ! who fhall dare 

So vaft a toil to undergo, 

And all the worlds juft cenfure hear, 

Thy ftrength and their own weaknefs fhew ? 

Soft Afra, who had led our fhepherds long, 

Who long the nymphs and fwains did guide, 

Our envy, her own fex's pride, 

When all her force on this great theme fhe'd 


She ftrain'd a while to reach th' inimitable fong, 
She ftrain'd a while and wifely dy'd. 
Thofe who furvive unhappier be, 
Yet thus, great God of Poefy ! 
With joy they facrifice their fame to thee. 


On tie death of Mr. Abraham Cotv!cy t and his burial 
in Wtflminfter-Aibey* 

OUR wit, till Cowley did its luftre ,raife, 
May be refembled to the firft three days, 
In which did fhine only fuch ftreaks of light 
As ferv'd but to diftinguifh day from night ; 
But wit breaks forth in all that he has done, 
Like light when 't was united in the fun. 

The poets formerly did lie in wait 
To rifte thofe whom they would imitate : 
We watch'd to rob all ftrangers when they writ, 
And learn'd their language but tofteal their wit : 
He from that need his country does redeem, 
Since thofe who want may be fupply'd from him ; 
And foreign narions now may borrow more 
From Cowley, than we could from them before : 
Who, though he condelcended to admit, 
The Greeks and Romans for his guides irj wit, 
Yet he thofe ancient poets does purfue 
But as the Spaniards great Columbus do : 
He taught them firft to the New World to fleer, 
But they poffefs all that is precious there. 

When firft his fpring of wit began to flow, 
It raif'd in fome wonder and forrow too, 
That God had fo much wit and knowledge lent, 
And that they were not in his praifes fpent. 

But thofe who in his Davideis look, 
Find they his bloffomsfor his fruit miftook : 
In difF ring ages different Mufes fhin'd, 
His green did charm the lenfes, his ripe the mind. 
Writing for Heav'n, he was infpir'd from thence, 
And from hip theme deriv'd his influence. 
The fcripture will no more the wicked fright ; 
His Mufe does make religion a delight. 

O how feverely man is uf 'd by Fate ! 
The covetous toil long for an eftate, 
And having got more than their life can fpend, 
They may bequeath it to a ion or friend ; 
But learning (in which none can have a ihare, 
Unlefs they chmb to it by time and care ; 
Learning the trueft wealth which man can have) 
Does, with his body, perilh in his grave ; 
To tenements of clay it is confin'd, 

Though 't is the nobleft purchafe of the mind : 
O why can we thus leave our friends poffefs' d 
Of all our acquifitions but the beft ? 

Still when we ftudy Cowley, we lament 
That to the world he was no loager lent, 
Who like a lightning to our eyes was fhewn, 
So bright he fhin'd, and was fo quickly gone. 
Sure he rejoic'd to fee his flame expire, 
Since he himfelf could not have raif'd it higher ; 
For when wife poets can no higher fly, 
They would, like faints, in their perfection die., 

Though Beauty fome affedlion in him bred, 
Yet only facred Learning he would wed, 
By which th' illuftrious offspring of his brain 
Shall over Wit's great empire ever reign : 
His Works fhall live when pyramids of pride 
Shrink to fuch afhes as they long did hide. 

That facrilegious fire (\vhieh did laft year 
Level thofe piles which Piety did rear) 
Dreaded near that majeftic church to fly, 
Where Englifh kings und Englifh poets lie ; 
It at an awful diftance did expire ; 
Such power had facred afhes o'er that fire ; 
Such, as it durft not near that ftructure come, 
Which Fate had order'd to be Cowley's tomb ; 
And 't will be flill preferv'd by being fo, 
From what the rage of future flames can do. 
Material fire dares not that place infeft 
Where he who had immortal flame docs reft. 
There let his urn remain, for it was fit 
Among our kings to lay the King of Wit ; 
By which the ftruclure more renown'd will prove 
For that part bury'd, than for all above. 

Ode upon the death of Mr. Cowley. 

HE who would worthily adorn his hearfe, 
Should write in his own way, in his immortaj 

verfe ; 

But who can fuch majeftic numbers write, 
With iuch inimitable light ? 
His high and noble flights to reach, 
'Tis not the art of precept that can teachu 
The world's grown old fince Pindar, and to breed 
Another fuch did twenty ages need, 


At laft another Pindar came, 
Great as the firft in genius and in fame ; 
But that the firft in Greek, a conqu'ring language, 


And the laft wrote but in an ifland tongue. 
Wit, thought, invention, in them both do flow, 
As torrents tumbling from the mountains go. 
Though the great Roman lyrickdo maintain 
Tliat none can equal Pindar's ftrain. 
Cowley with words as full and thoughts as high 
As ever Pindar did, does fly ; 
Of kings and heroes he a,s boldly (Ings, 
And flies above the clouds, yet never wets his 



As fire afpiring, as the fea profound, 
Nothing in Nature can his fancy bound : 
O 3 



As fwift as lightning in its courfe, 

And as refiftlefs in his force. 

Whilft other poets, like bees who range the field 

To gather what the flow'rs will yield, 

Glean matter with much toil and pain, 

To bring forth verfes in an humble ftrain, 

He fees about him round, 

Pofiefs'd at once of all that can be found : 

To his illuminated eye 

All things created open lie ; 

That all his thoughts fo clear and fo perfpicuous be, 

That whatfoever he defcribes we fee ; 

Our fouls are with his paffions fir'd, 

And he who does but read him is infpir'd. 


Pindar to Thebes, where firfl he drew his breath, 
Though for his fake his race was fay'd from death 
By th' Macedonian youth, did not more honour do 
Than Cowley does his friends and country too. 
Had Horace liv'd his wit to underftand, 
He ne'er had England thought a rude inhofpitable 

land ; 

Rome might have blufh'd and Athens been 
To hear a remote Britain nam'd, [afham'd, 

Who for his parts does match, if not exceed, 
The greateft men that they did either breed. 


If he had fiourifh'd when Auguflus fway'd, 
Whofe peaceful fceptre the whole world obey'd, 
Account of him Mecivnas would have made, 
And from the country fhade 
Him into the cabinet have ta'en 
To divert Caefar's cares and charm his pain : 
For nothing can fuch balm infufe 
Jnto a wearied mind, as does a noble Mufe, 


It is not now as 't was in former days, 
When all the ftreets of Rome were ftrow'd 


To receive Petrarch, who through arches rode, 
Triumphal arches ! honour 'd as a demigod, 
Not for towns conquered, or for battles won, 
But vicl'ries which were more his own ; 
For vi&ories of Witj arid victories of Art, 
In which blind undifcerning Fortune had no part. 


Though Cowley ne'er luch honours did attain, 
As long as Petrarch's Cowley 's name fhail reign : 
'Tis but his drofs that's in the grave, 
His mem'ry Fame from death fliall fave ; 
His bays mall flourifh and be ever green, 1 
When thofe of cpnq'rors are not to be ieen. 

Nee tibi jnoris pfa ftipeiflee erit. ' 


On Mr. Abraham Cowlcy's death and burial among 
the ancient poets. By the Icndiirable Sir Jo&fi Den' 

OLD Chaucer, like the morning flat- 
To us difcovers day from far ; 
His light thofe mjfts and clouds diflblv'4, 
Which our dark nation long iriv olv'd; ' 
But he defcending to the fhades, 
par keels again the age invades 

Next (like Aurora) Spenfer rpfe, 

Whofe purple blufti the day forefhews; 

The other three, with his own fires, 

Phoebus, the poets' gbd,infpires; 

By Shakefpeare, Johnfon, Fletcher's lines, 

Our ftage's luftre Home's outfhines : 

Thefe poets near our princes fleep, 

And in one grave their manfion keep ; 

They liv'd to fee fo many days, 

Till time had blafted all their bays : 

But curfed be the fatal hour 

That pluck'd the faireft, fweeteft, flow'r, 

That in the Mufes' garden grew, 

And amongft wither'd laurels threw. 

Time, which made their fame outlive, 

To Cowley fcarce did ripenefs give ; 

Old mother Wit and Nature gave 

Shakefpeare and Fletcher all they have ; 

In Spenfer and in Johnfon, Art 

Of flower Nature got the ftart ; 

But both in him fo" equal are, 

None knows which bears the happiefl fhare 

To him no author was unknown, 

Yet what he wrote was all his own ; 

He melted not the ancient gold, 

Nor, with Ben. Johnfon, did make bold 

To plunder all the Roman ftores l 

Of poets and of orators; 

Horace's wit and Virgil's ftate 

He did not fteal, but emulate, 

And/ when he would like them appear, 

Their garb, but not their clothes, did wear : 

He not from Rome alone, but Greece, 

Like Jafon, brought the Golden Fleece ; 

To him that language (though'to none 

Of th' others) as his- own was known. 

on a ftiff gale (as Flaccus fings) 

The Theban fwan extends his wings, 

When through th' ethereal clouds he fiies : 

To the fame pitch our fwan doth rife ; 

Old Pindar's flights by him are reach'd, 

When on that gale his wings are flretch'dj 

His fancy and his judgment fuch, 

Each to the other feem'd too much, 

His fevere judgment (giving law) 

His modeft fancy kept in awe ; 

As rigid hufbands jealous are, 

When they believe their wives too fair. 

His Englifh ftream fo pure did flow, 

As all that faw and tailed know ; 

But for his Latin vein, fo clear, 

Strong, full, and high, it doth appear, 

That were immortal Virgil here, 

Him for his judge he would not fear 

Of that great portraiture, fo true 

A copy pencil never drew. 

My Mufe her fong had ended here, 

But both her Genii ftraight appear ; 

Joy and amazement her did ftrike, 

Two twins fhe never faw fo like ; 

Such a refemblance of all parts, 

Life, deatfy age, fortune, nature, arts, 

Then lights her torch at theirs, to tell. 

And fhew the world this parallel : 

Fix'd and contemplative their looks. 


till turning over Nature's books, 

Their works chafte, moral, and divine, 

Where profit and delight combine ; 

They gilding dirt, in noble verfe 

Ruftic philofophy rehearfe : 

Nor did their actions fall behind 

Their words, but with like candour Ifein'd ; 

Both by two <;n'rous princes lov'd, 

Who knew, and judg'd what they approv'd ; 

Yet having each the fame defire, 

Both from the bufy throng retire : 

Their bodies to their minds refign'd, 

-Car'd not to propagate their kind : 

Yet though both fell before their hour, 

Time on their offspring hath no pow'r : 

Nor fire nor fate their bays fhall blaft, 

Nor death's dark veil their day o'ercaft. 

Elcgia dedicator ia, ad acadcn&fim Cantsn- 

Hoc tibi de nato ditiflima Mater egeno 

Exiguum inimenfi pignus Amoris habe. 

Heu meliora tibi depromere dona volentes 

Aftringit gatas parcior area manus, 

Tune tui poteris vocem hie agnofcere Nati 

Tarn male formatam, diflimilemq. tuae ? 

Tune hie materni veftigia facra decoris, 

Tu Speculum poteris hie reperire tuum ? 

Poft longum, dices, Cowlei, fie mihi tempus ? 

Sic mihi fepecanti, perfide, rnulta redis ? 

Qur, dices,|Sag<E Lemurefq. Deaeq. nocentes 

Hunc mihi in infantis fuppofure 

At Tu, fan&a Parens, crudelis tu queque Nati 

Ne tracles dextra vulnera cruda rudi. 

Hei mihi quid Fato Genetrix accecis iniquo ? 

Sit fors, fed non fis Ipfa Noverca mihi. 

Si mihi natali Mufarum adolefcere in arvo, 

Si bene dilecto luxuriare folo, 

Si mihi de dodta licuiffet plenius unda 

Haurire, ingentem fi fatiare fitim, 

Non ego degeneri dubitabilis ore redirem. 

Nee legeres Nomen fufa rubore meum 

Scis bene, fcis qae me Tempeftas pubh'ca Mundi 

Raptatrix veftro fuftulit e gremio, 

Nee pede adhuc firmo, nee firmo dente, negati 

Pofcentem querulo murmure Lactis opem. 

Sic quondam erium Vento bellante per asquor, 

Cum gravidum Autumnumf&va flagellat Hyems, 

Immatura fua velluntur ab arbore poma, 

Et vi vi<5ba cadunt ; Arbor et ipfa gemit. 

Nondum fuccus ineft terrse generofus avitae, 

Nondum Sol rofeo redditur ore Pater. 

O mihi jucundum Grantx fuper omnia Npmen ! 

Q penitus toto corde receptus Amor ! 

O pulchra. fine Luxu -ffides, vita^q. beats, 

Splendida Paupcrtas, ingenuufq. 

I O chara ante alias, magnorum nomine Reguni 
Digna Domus ! Trim nomine digna Dei ! 
O nimium Cereris cumulati munere Campi, 
Pofthabitis JEnnx quos colit ilia jugis ! 
O facri Fontes ! et lacroe Vatibus Umbra*, 
Q_uas recreant Avium Pieridumque chori ! 
O Camus ! Phcebo nullus quo gratior amnist 
Amnibus auriferis invidiofus inops! 
Ah mihi fi veilrse rcddat bona gaudia fedis, 
Detque Deus do&a poffe quiete frui ; 
Qualis eram cum me tranquilla mente fedentem 
Vidifti in ripa, came ferene, tua,; 
Mulcentum audifti puerile flumina cantu ; 
Ille quidem immerito, fed tibi gratus erat. 
Nam, memini ripa cum tu dignatus utraque 
Dignatum eft totum verba referre nemus. 
Tune liquidis tacitifque fimul mea vita diebus, 
Et fimiiis veftras Candida fluxit aqua;.. 
At nunc csnofae luces, atque obice multo 
Rumpitur astatis turbidus ordo meae. 
Quid mihi Sequana opus, Tamefifve aut Tybridi$ 

unda ? 

Tu potis es noflrum tollere, Came, fitim. 
Felix cui nunquam plus uno viderit amne ! 
Quidque eadem Salicis littora more colit ! 
Foelix cui non tentatus fordefcere Mundus, 
Et cui Pauperies nota nitere poteft ! 
Tempore cui nullo mifera experientia conflat, 
Ut res humanas fentiat efle Nihil ! 
At nos exemplis Fortuna inftruxit opimis, 
Et documentorum fatque fuperque dedit. 
Cum capite avulfuaiDiadema, infraclaque Sceptr* 
Contufafque Hominum Sorte minante minas, 
Parcarum ludos, et non traAabile Fatum, 
Et verfas fundo vidimus orbis opes. 
Quis poterit fragilem poft talja credere puppim 
Intami fcopulis naufragiifque Mari ? 
Tu quoque in hoc Terra; tremuifti, Academia, 


(Nee fruftra) atqus edes contremuere tux. 
Contremuere ipfi- pacatae Palladis arces ; 
Et timuit Fulmen Laurea fanda novum. 
Ah quanquam iratum, peftem hanc avertere Nu- 


Belfis ifta licere, velit ! 
Nos, tua progenies, pereamus ; et ecce, perimus I 
In nos jus habeat : jus habet omne maium. 
Tu ftabilis brevium genus immortale nepotum 
Fundes ; nee tibi Mars ipfa fuperftis erit. 
Semper plena manens uteri de fonte perenni 
Formofas mittes ad mare Mortis aquas. 
Sic Venus humana quondam, Dea faucia dextra, 
(Namque folent ipfis bella nocere Deis) 
Imploravit opem fuperbum, queftufve cievit, 
Tinxit adorandus Candida membra cruor. 
Quid quereris ? contemne breves fecura dolores ) 
Nam tibi ferre Necem vulnera nulla vaient. 



I two conftant lovers' various fate, 
Tbi- hopes and fears that equally attend 
Their loves, their rivals' envy, parents' hate ; 
1 fing their \voful life and tragic end ; 
Aid me, ye gods ! this ftory to rehearfe, 
Thi?' mournful tale, and favour every verfc. 


In Florence, for her ftately buildings fam'd, 
And lofty roofs that emulate the Iky, 
There dwelt a lovely maid, Conftantia nam'd, 
TFam'cl for the beauty of all Italy ; 
Her lavifh Nature did at firft adorn 
With Pallas* foul in Cytherea's form. 


ArV> 'fi -wing her attractive eyes fo bright, 
Spent all her wit in ftudy, that they might 
Keep earth from Cliaos and eternal Night ; 
L..^ envious Death deftroy'd their glorious light. 
Expect, not beauty, then, fince fhe did part, 
For in her Nature wafted all her art. 


!Her hair was brighter than the beams which are 
A crown to Phoebus, and her breath fo fweet, 
li cV tranicend Arabian odours far, 
Or fmelling flow'rs, wherewith the Spring docs 


Apprcaching Summer ; teeth like falling fnovv 
For white, were placed in a double row. 


Her wit excelling praifc, eVn all admire ; 
Her fpeech was fo attractive, it might be 
A caufe to raife the mighty Pallas' ire, 
And'ftir up envy from that deity. 
The maiden-lilies at her fight 
Wax'd pale with envy, and from thence grew 
' white. 


She was in birth and parentage as high 
As in her fortune great or beauty rare, 
And to her virtuous miqd'ssnobility 
The gifts of Fate and Nature doubled were ; 
That in her fpotlefs foul and lovely face 
You might have feen each deity and grace. 

A fcornful boy, Adonis, viewing her, 
Would Venus ft ill defpife, yet her defire ; 
Each who but favv was a competitor 
And rival, fcorch'd alike with Cupid's fire. 
The glorious beams of her fair eyes did move 
And light beholders on their way to love. 


Among her many fuitors a young knight, 
'Bove others wounded with the majefty 1 
Of her fair prefence, prefleth moft in fight; 
Yet feldom his defire can fatisfy 
With that blcfs'd object, or her rarenefs fee ; 
For Beauty's guard is watchful Jealoufy. 


Oft times, that he might fee his deareft fai r> 
Upon his {lately jennet he in th' way 
Rides by her houfe, who neighs, as if he were 
Proud to be view'd by bright Conftantia : 
But his poor maftcr, tho' he fee her move 
His joy, dares fhe'w no look betraying love. 


Soon as the morning left her rofy bed, 
And all Heav'n's finallcr lights were driv'n away, 
She, by her friends, and near acquaintance led, 
like other maids would walk at break of day : 
Aurora bluih'd to fee a fight unknown, 
To behold cheeks more beauteous than her own. 


Th' obfequious lover follows ftill her train, 
And where they go, that way his journey feigns : 
Should they turn back, Jie.would turnback again; 
For with his love his bufinefs ftill remains. 
Nor is it ftrange he fhould be loath to part 
For her, whofe eyes had ftole away his heart. 


Philetus he was call'd, fprung from a race 
Of noble anceftors ; but greedy Time 
And envious Fate had labour'd to deface 
The glsry which in his great ftock did fhine : 
Small his eftate, unfitting her degree : 
But blinded love could not fuch difference fee. 


Yet he by chance had hit this heart aright 
And dipt his arrow in Conftantia's eyes, 
Blowing a fire that would deftroy him quite 
Unlefs fuch flames within her heart Ihould rife : 


But yet he fears, because he blinded is, 

Tho' he have fhot him right, her heart he'll mifs. 


Unto Love's altar, therefore, he repairs, 
And offers up a pleafing facrifice, 
Entreating Cupid, with inducing pray'rs, 
To look upon, and eafe his miferies ; 
Where having pray'd, recov'ring breath again, 
Thus to immortal Love he did complain : 


" Oh ! mighty Cupid ! whofe unbounded fway 
" Hath often rul'd th' Olympian Thunderer, 
" Whom all celeftial deities obey, 
" Whom men and gods both reverence and fear ! 
" O force Conftantia's heart to yield to love ; 
" Of all thy works the mafterpiece 't will prove, 


" And let me not affection vainly fpend, 
" But kindle flames in her like thole in me ; 
" Yet if that gift my fortune doth tranfcend, 
" Grant that her charming beauty I may fee ; 
" For ever view thofe eyes, whofe charming light 
" More than the world befides docs pleafe my 
" fight. 


" Thofe who contemn thy facred deity, 

" Laugh at thy pow'r, make them thine anger 

" know; 

" I faultlefs am ; what honour can it be 
" Only to wound your flave, and fpare your foe ?" 
Here tears and fighs fpeak his imperff <it moan, 
Ih language far more moving than his own. 


Home he retir'd ; his foul he brought not home ; 
Jufi like a fhip, while ev'ry mounting wave, 
Tols'd by enrag'd Boreas up and down, 
1 heat ens the mariner with a gaping grave : 
Such did his cafe, fuch did his ftate appear, 
Alike diftra6ted between hope and fear. 


Thinking her love he never {hall obtain, 
One morn he haunts the woods, and doth com 

Of his unhappy fate ; but all in vain ; 
And thus fond Echo anfwers him again. 
It mov'd Aurora, and fhe wept to hear, 
Dewing the verdant grafs with many a tear. 


* OH! what hath caus'd my killing miferies ?" 

" Eyes," Echo laid. " What has detain'd my 

eafe ?" 
" Eafe," ftraight the reafonable nymph replies ; 

* That nothing can my troubled mind appeafe." 
" Peace," Echo anfwers. " What, is any nigh ?" 
Philetus faid ; fhe quickly utters, "Aye." 


' Is 't Echo anfwers ? tell me then thy will " 
I will," fh e faid, What fhall I get," fays he 
By loving ftill ? to which fhe anfwers, " 111 " 

" HI? fhall I void of wifh'd-forpleafurc die ? 

" Aye." ' Shall not I who toil in ceafelefs pain, 
" Some pleafure know ?" " No," fhe returnt 

" again. 

" Falfe and inconftant Nymph ! thou ly'ft," faid 

" he, 

" Thou ly'ft," fhe faid: "and Ideferv'd her hate, 
" If I mould thee believe." " Believe," faid fhe. 
" For \vhy ? thy words are of no weight." 
Weight." fhe anfwers. Therefore I'll depart." 
To which rebounding Echo anfwers. " Part." 


Then from the woods with wounded heart he goes, 
Filling with legions of frefh thoughts his mind : 
He quarrels with himfelf, becaufe his woes . 
Spring from himfelf, yet can no med'cine find : 
He weeps to quench thofe fires that burn in him, 
But tears do fall to th' earth, flames are within. 


No morning banifh'd darkncfs, nor black Night, 

By her alternate courfe, expell'd the day 

In which Philetus, by a conftant rite 

At Cupid's altars did not weep and pray ; 

And yet he nothing reap'd for all his pain, 

But cure and forrow was his only gain. 


But now, at laft, the pitying god, o'ercome 
By conftant votes and tears, fix'd in her heart 
A golden fhaft : and fhe is now become 
Afuppliant to Love, that with like dart 
He 'd wound Philetus; does with tears implore 
Aid irom that pow'r fhe fo much fcorn'd before. 


Little fhe thinks fhe kept Philetus' heart 

In her fcorch'd breaft ^becaufe her own fhe gave 

To him. Since either fullers equal fmart, 

And a like meafure in their torments have, 

His foul, his griefs, his fires, now her's are grown 

Her heart, her mind, her love, is his alone. 


Whilft thoughts 'gainft thoughts rife up in mu 

She took a lute (being far from any ears) 
And tun'cl her long, pofing that harmony 
Which poets attribute to heav'nly fpheres. 
Thus had fhe i'ung, when her dear, love was flain, 
She '.d furely call'd him back from Styx again. 

" To whom fliall I my forrows fhew ? 
Not to love ; for he is blind, 
And my Philetus doth not know 
The inward torment of my mind : 
And all the feufelefs walls which are 
Now round about me cannot hear. 

For if they could, they fure would weep, 
And with my griefs relent ;j| 
Unlefs their willing tears they keep 
Til! I from earth am fent : 
Then I believe they'll all deplore 
My fate, fince I taught them before. 

M 1 S I L L A N I E S. 


I willingly would keep my ftore, 
If the flood would land thy love, 
My dear Philetus ! on the fiiore 
Of my heart ; but fhouldft thou prove 
Afraid of flames, know the fires are 
But bonfires for thy coining there." 

then tears, in envy of her fpeech, did flow, 
From her fair eyes, as if it feem'd that there 
Her burning flame had melted hills of mow, 
And fo diffolv'd them into many a tear ; 
Which, Nilus-like, did quickly overflow, 
And quickly caus'd new ferpent-griefs to grow. 


Here ftay, my Mufe! for if I fhould recite 
Her mournful language, I fhould make you weep, 
Jjike her, a flood, and fo not fee to write 
Such lines as I and th' age requires to keep 
]Vle from ftern Death, or with victorious rhyme 
Revenge their matter's death and conquer Time. 


By this time Chance, and his own indnftry 
Had help'd Philetus forward, that he grew 
Acquainted with her brother, fo that he 
Might, by this means, his bright Conftantia view, 
And, as time ferv'd, fhew her his mifcry c 
'This was the firft acl: in his tragedy. 


Thus to himfelf, footh'd by his flattering ftate, 
He faid : " How fhall I thank thee for this gain, 
** O Cupid ! or reward my helping Fate, 
f Which fweetens all my forrows, all my pain? 
** What hufbandman w.ould any pains refufe, 
** To reap at laft fuch fruit as labours ufe ?" 


But when he wifely weigh'd his doubtful ftate, 
Seeing his griefs link'd, like an endlefs chain, 
To following woes, he would, when 'twas too 


Quench his hot flames, and idle love difdain : 
But Cupid, when his heart was fet on fire, 
Had burn'd his wings, who could not then retire. 


The wounded youth and kind Philocrates 
(So was her brother cajl'd) grew foon fo dear, 
So true and conftant in their amities, 
And In that league fo ftridily joined were, 
That death itfelf could not their friendfhip fever ; 
JBut as they liv'd in love, they dy'd together. 


If one be melancholy, th' other's fad j 
If one be fick, the other's furely ill ; ' 
And if Philetus any forrow had, 
Philocrateb was partner in it ftill; 
Pylades' foul and mad Oreftes* was 
In thefe, if we believe Pythagoras. 


Oft* in the woods Philetus walks, and there 
Exclaims againft his fate, fate too unkind ; 
With fpeaking tears his griefs he doth declare, 
And with fad fighs inftruds the angry" wind ' 
To figh, and did even upon that prevail ; 
It groan'd to hear Philetus' mournful tale. 


j The cryftal brooks, which gently run betwee* 
\ The lhadowing trees, and as they through them 

Water the earth, and keep the meadows green, 

.Giving a colour to the verdant grafs. 

Hearing Philetus tell his woeful ftate, 

In fhew of grief ran murm'ring at his fate. 


Philomel anfwers him again, and fjiews, 

In her beft language, her fad hiftory, 

And in a mournful fvveetnefs tells her woeSj 

Denying to be pos'd in mifery : 

Conftantia he, fhe Tereus, Tereus cries, 

With him both grief, and grief's expreffion, vies. 


Philocrates muft needs his fadnefs know, 
Milling in ills, as well as joys, to fhare ; 
Nor will on them the name of friends beftow, 
Who in light fport, not forrow, partners are : 
Who leaves to guide the {hip when ftorms arifCy 
Is guilty both of fm and cowardice. 


But when his noble friend perceiv'd that he 
Yielded to tyrant Paflion more and more, 
Defirous to partake his malady, 
He watches him in hope to cure his fore 
By council, and recal the pois'nous dart, 
When ic, alas ! was fixed in his heart. 


When in the woods, places beft fit for care, 1 

He to himfelf did his paft griefs recite, 

Th' obfequious friend ftraight follows him, and 


Doth hide himfelf from fad Philetus' fight ; 
Who thus exclaims ; for a fwolTn heart wou!4 

If it for vent of forrow might not fpeak. 


" Oh ! I am loft, not in this defer t wood, 
" But in Love's pathlefs labyrinth, there I 
" My health, each joy and pleafure counted good 3 
" Have loft, and, which is more, my liberty, 
" And now am forc'd to let him facrifice 
" My heart, for rafh believing of my eyes. 


" Long have I ftaid, but yet have no relief, 
" Long have I lov'd, yet have no favour (hewn, 
" Becaufe fhe knows not of my killing grief, 
" And I have fear'd to make my forrows known^ 
'* For why ? alas ! if fhe fhould once but dart 
" Difdainful looks, 'twould break my captiv'd 

" heart. 


" But how fhould fhe, e'er I impart my love, 
" Reward my ardent flame with like defire ? 
" But when I fpeak, if fhe fhould angry prove, 
" Laugh at my flowing tears, and (corn my fire 5 
" Why, he who hath all forrows borne before, 
" Needeth not fear to be opprefs'd with more."' 


Philocrates no longer can forbear, 
Runs to his friend, and fighing, " Oh !" faid he, 
" My dear Philetus ! be thyfelf, and fwear 
" To rule that paffion which now matters thee^ 


* { And ill thy rcafon ; but if it cannot be, 
' Give to thy love but eyes, that it may fee." 


Amazement ftrikes him dumb ; what (hall he do ? 
Should he reveal his love, he fears 't would prove 
A hind'rance ; and ftiould he deny to ihew, 
Jt might perhaps his dear friend's anger inove : 
Thefe doubts, like Scylla and Charybdis ftand, 
While Cupid, a blind pilot, doth command. 


At laft refolv'd ; How fliall I feek," faid he, 

" T' excufe'myfelf, deareft Philocrates! 

" That I from thee have hid this iecrecy ? 

" Yet ceniure not, give me firft leave to eafe 

*' My eafe with words ; my grief you fhould have 

" known 
" E'er this, if that my heart had been my own, 


f I am all love ; my heart was burnt with fire 
*' From two bright funs, which do all light dif- 

" clofe ; 

Firft kindling in my breaft the flame defire ; 
" But, like the rare Arabian bird, there rofe 
f From my heart's afhes nexer-quenched love, 
" Which now this torment in my foul doth move. 


*' Oh ! let not then my paflion caufe your hate, 
" Nor let my choice offend you, or detain 
" Your ancient friendfhip ; 'tis, alas ! too late 
*' To call my firm affection back again : 
' No phyfic can recure my weaken'd ftate ; 
" 1'he wound is grown too great, too defperate." 


{t But counfel," faid his friend, " a remedy 
" Which never fails the patient, may at leaft, 
" If not quite heal your mind's infirmity, 
" Afiuage your torment, and procure fome reft ; 
" But there is no phyfician can apply 
" A med'cine *er he know the malady." 

f Then hear me," faid Philetus, " But why ? 


" I will not toil thee with my hiftory ; 
" For to remember forrows paft away, 
*' Is to renew an old calamity. 
*' He who acquainteth others with his moan, 
** Adds to his friend's grief, but not cures his 

" own." 


" But," faid Philocrates, " 'tis beft in wo 
" To have a faithful partner of their care ; 
" That burden may be undergone by two, 
" Which is perhaps too great for one to bear. 
" I (hould miftruft your love, to hide from me 
" Your thoughts, and tax you with inconftancy." 


What {hall he do ? or with what language frame 
Excufe ? h.e muft refolve not to deny, 
But open his clofe thought and inward flame. 
Wuh that, as prologue to his tragedy, 
He figh'd, as if they'd cool his torment's ire, 
$Vhen they, alas ! did blow the raging fire. 


" When years firft ftyl'd me twenty, I began 
* s To Iport with catching fnares, that Love had fet, 

" Like birds that flutter round the gin till ta'en, 
" Or the poor fly caught in Arachne's net : 
" Ev'n fo I fported with her beauties light, 
" Till I at laft grew blind with too much fight. 


" Firft it came ftealing on me, whilft I thought 
" 'Twas eafy to repel it ; but as fire, 
" Tho' but a fpark, foon into flames is brought, 
" So mine grew great, and quickly mounted 

" high'r; 

" Which fo has fcorch'd my love-ftruck foul, that I 
" Still live in torment, yet each minute die." 


" Who is it," faid Phiiocrates, " can move 
" With charming eyes fuch deep affection ? 
" I may perhaps affift you in your love ; 
" Two can affecl: more than yourfelf alone. 
*' My counfel this thy error may reclaim, 
" Or my fait tears quench thy deftrudive flame.** 


" Nay," faid Philetus " oft 1 my eyes do flow 
" Like Nilus, when it fcorns the oppos'd Ihore ; 
" Yet all the wat'ry plenty I beftow 
" Is to my flame an oil that feeds it more : 
" So fame reports of the Dodonean fpring, 
" That lightens all thofe which are put therein. 


" But being you defire to know her, fhe 

" Is calFd (with that his eyes let fall a ihower, 

** As if they fain would drown the memory 

" Of his life-keeper's name) Conftantia!" More 

Grief would not let him utter ; tears, the beft 

Expreflers of true forrows, fpoke the reft. 


To which his noble friend did thus reply : 
" And was this all ? whate'er your grief would 


" Tho' a far greater talk, believe, 't for thee 
" It fhould be fpon done by Philocrates : 
" Think all you wifh perform'd ; but fee, the day, 
" Tir'd with its heat, is haft'ning now away." 


Home from the filent woods Night bids them 


But fad Philetus can no comfort find ; 
What in the day he fears of future wo, 
At night in dreams, like truth, affrights his 

Why doft thou vex him. Love, could'ft thoubljit 

Thou wouldft thyfelf Philetus' rival be. 


Philocrates, pitying his doleful moan, 
And wounded with the forrows of his friend, 
Bring him to fair Conftantia, where alone 
He might impart his love, and either end 
His fruitlefs hopes, nipp'd by her coy difdain, 
Or by her liking his wifli'd joys attain. 


" Faireft!" laid he, * c whom the bright heav'ns 

*' do cover, 

* Do not thtfe tears, thefe fpeaking tears ! ddptfe, 
** Thefe heaving fighs of a fubmimve lover, 
" Thus ftruck to th* caith by your all-dazzling 

"eyes 5 - 


" And do not you condemn that ardent flame 
" Which from yourfelf your own fair beauty 
" came. 


* Truft me, I long have hid my love, hut now 
" Am forc'd to fhew 't, fuch is my inward fmart ; 
" And you alone, fair Saint ! the means do know 
" To heal the wound of my confuming heart : 
*' Then fince it only in your pow'r doth lie 
" To kill or fave, oh ! help ; or elfe I die." 


His gently cruel love did thus reply : 

" I for your pain am grieved, and would do, 

** Without impeachment of my chaftity 

*' And honour, any thing might pitaiure you ; 

" But if beyond thofe limits you demand, 

" I mull not anfwer, Sir, nor underfland." 


" Believe me, virtuous Maiden ! my defire 
" Is chafte and pious as thy virgin-thought, 
' No flafti of luft, 'tis no difhoneil; fire, 
" Which goes as foon as it was quickly brought ; 
" But as thy beauty pure, which let not be 
" Eclipfed by dii'dain and cruelty." 


<<.Oh! howfhall I reply?" me cry'd ; " thou'ft 


" My foul, and therefore take thy victory : ' - 
" Thy eyes and fpeecheshave my heart o'ercomej 
"And if I fhould deny thee love, then I 
" Should be a tyrant to mylelf ; that fire 
" Which is kept clofe burns with the greatefl ire, 


" Yet do not count my yielding lighinefs now ; 
" Impute it rather to my ardent love ; 
'* Thy pleafmg carriage won me long ago, 
t( And pleading Beauty did my liking move : 
" Thy eyes, which draw like loadftones with their 

" might 
" The hardeft hearts, won mine to leave me 

" quite." 


'"' Oh ! I am rapt above the reach," faid he, 
" Of thought ; my foul already feels the blcfs 
" Of heav'n. When, Sweet ! my thoughts once 

" tax hut thee 

" With any crime, may I lofs all happinefs 
" It wHh'd for ; both your favour here, and dead ; 
" May the juft gods pour vengeance on my head." 


Whilft he was fpeaking this (behold their fate !) 
Conftantia's father entered in the room : 
When glad Philetus, ignorant of his ftate, 
Rifles her cheeks, more red than fetting fun. 
Or elfe the Morn, blulhing thro 5 clouds of water, 
To fee afcending Sol congratulate her. 


Jufl as the guilty prifoner fearful ftands, 
Reading his fatal Theta in the brows 
Of him who both hit life and death commands, 
E'er from his mouth he the fad fentence knows ; 
Such was his ftate to fee her father come, 
Nor wifh'd for, nor expe&ed in the room,.. > >. 


Th*' enrag'd old rhan bids him no pig re to dare 

Such bold intrufioif in that houfe, nof be 

At any time with his lov'd daughter there, 

Till he had given him fuch authority : 

But to depart, fince Ihe her love did fhew him, 

Was living death, with ling'ring torments, to him . 


This being known to kind Philocrates, 
He cheers his friend, bidding him banifh fear, 
And by fome letter his griev'd mind appeafe, 
And fhew her that which to her friendly ear 
Time gave no leave to tell, and thus his quill 
Declares to her the abfent lover's will. 


" I TRUST, dear Soul ! my abfence cannot move 

;f You to forget, or doubt my ardent love ! 

" For were there any mtans to fee yon, I 

'* Would run thro' death, and ail the mifery 

" Fate could inflict, that fo the world might fay, 

" In life and death I lov'd Conftantia. 

" Then let not, deareft Sweet ! our abfence part 

" Our loves, but each breaft keep the other's 

" heart; 

" Give warmth to one another, till there rife 
" From all our labours and our induftries 
" The long-expected fruits. Have patience, 

" Sweet! 
" There's no man whom the fummer-pleafures 

" greet 

" Before 'he tafte the winter ; none can fay, 
" E'er night was gone, he faw the rifing day. 
" So when we once have tafted Sorrow's night, 
" The fun of comfort then fball give us light." 


This when Conftantia read, fhe thought her ftate 

Moft happy by Philetus' conftancy 

And perfect love : fhe thanks her flatt'ring fate, 

Kiffes the paper, till with kifling fhe 

'I'he welcome characters doth dull and ftain, 

Then thus with ink and tears writes back again. 


YOUR abfence, Sir, tho' it be long, yet I 
Neither forget n