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Pleasure and Profit 
in Bible Study 


BV 3797 .M7 W6 v. 4 
Moody, Dwight Lyman, 1837 

Works . . . 



"Weighed and "Wanting. 
Men of the Bible. 
Bible Characters. 
Select Sermons. 
Moody's Anecdotes. 
The Overcoming Life. 
The Way to God. 
Thoughts for the Quiet 

Moody's Latest Sermons 
Short Talks by D. L. 

Pleasure and Profit in 

Bible Study. 
Sowing and Reaping. 

Moody's Stories. 
To the WorkI 
Sovereign Grace. 
Prevailing Prayer. 
Secret Power. 

The above eighteen vohtjiics 
are all ly D. L. Moodv, 
and are published as " Tlie 
Moody Library" in boxed 
Set, net, ^j.40. 

The True Estimate of 

By G. Campbfll Morgan. 

All of Grace. 

]■>}• C. II. Si'URGEON. 

According to Promise. 


John Ploughman's 

By C. IT. SriRGEOM. 

John Ploughman's 

By C. H. SriRGEON. 

Goad Tidings. 

Recitation Poems. 

The Way of Life. 

Tales of Adventure 
from the Old Book. 


Select Poems for the 
Silent Hour. 

Up from Sin. 

The Revival of a Dead 

Fleming II. I^evell Compaxit 


Pleasure <£^ Profit 
in Bible Study 



The statutes of the Lord are rght, lejoicing the 
hrart . . . More to be desired are they than gold, 
yea, than much fine gold, sweeter al^o than honey 
and the honey-comb. — Psalm xir: S-io. 


Fleming H. Revell Company 

Chicago, New York 6^ Toronto 
Publishers of Evangelical Literature 



It is always a pleasure to me to speak on the sub 
ject of this volume. I think I would rather preach 
about the Word of God than anything else except 
the Love of God; because I believe it is the best 
thing in this world. 

We cannot overestimate the importance of a 
thorough familiarity with the Bible. I try to lose 
no opportunity of urging people by every means in 
my power to the constant study of this wonderful 
Book. If through the pages that follow, I can reach 
still others and rouse them to read their Bibles, not 
at random but with a plan and purpose, I shall be 
indeed thankful. 


Wben tbou floeet, (t aball leaO tbee; 
mben tbou 0leepc0t, it 0ball l^ecv tbcc? 

imben tbou awafiedt, ft eball talfi witb 


— prpv. vU 22. 


Close Contact with the Word of God — Word and Work — 
The Christians Weapon — Yomig Converts and 
Bible Study — Up to Date — Every Case Met — ''Great 
Peace'' — Starving the Soul—The Gtnde-Book to 

A QUICKENING that will last must come through 
the Word of God. A man stood up in one of our 
meetings and said he hoped for enough out of the 
series of meetings to last him all his life. I told him 
he might as well try to eat enough breakfast at one 
time to last him his lifetime. That is a mistake that 
people are making; they are running to religious 
meetings and they think the meetings are going to 
do the work. But if these don't bring you into closer 
contact with the Word of God, the whole impression 
will be gone in three months. The more you love 
the Scriptures, the firmer will be your faith. There 
is little backsliding when people love the Scriptures. 
If you come into closer contact with the Word, you 
will gain something that will last, because the Word 
of God is going to endure. In the one hundred and 
nineteenth psalm David prayed nine times that God 
would quicken him — according to His word. His law, 
His judgment. His precepts, etc. 

If I could say something that would induce Chris- 
tians to have a deeper love for the Word of God, I 
should feel this to be the most important service that 

8 Clase Cofiiuct With the Word of God, 

could be rendered to them. Do you ask: How can 
I get in love with the Bible? Well, if you will 
only arouse yourself to the study of it, and ask God's 
assistance, He will assuredly help you. 


Word and Work make healthy Christians. If It be 
all Word and no work, people will suffer from what 
I may call religious gout. On the other hand if it be 
all work and no Word, it will not be long before they 
will fall into all kinds of sin and error; so that they 
will do more harm than good. But if we first study 
the Word and then go to work, we shall be healthy, 
useful Christians. I never saw a fruit-bearing Chris- 
tian who was not a student of the Bible. If a man 
neglects his Bible, he may pray and ask God to use 
him in His work; but God cannot make use of him, 
for there is not much for the Ploly Ghost to work 
upon. We must have the Word itself, which is 
sharper than any two-edged sword. 

We have a great many prayer meetings, but there 
is something just as important as prayer, and that is 
that we read our Bibles, that we have Bible study 
and Bible lectures and Bible classes, so that we may 
get hold of the Word of God. When I pray, I talk 
to God, but when I read the Bible, God is talkmg to 
to me; and it is really more important that God 
should speak to me than that I should speak to Him 
I believe we should know better how to pray if we 
knew our Bibles better What is an army good for 
if they don t know how to use their w^eapons? What 
is a young man starting out in the Christian work good 
lor it he does not know how to use his Bible? A 
man isn't worth much m battle it he has any doubt 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Stuefy, % 

about his weapon, and I have never found a mar. who 
has doubts about the Bible who has amounted to 
much in Christian work. I have seen work after 
work wrecked because men lost confidence in the 
spirit of this Old Book. 


It young- converts want to be used of God, they 
must feed on His Word. Their experience may be 
very good and very profitable at the outset, and they 
may help others by telling it; but if they keep on 
doing nothing else but telling their experience, it will 
soon become stale and unprofitable, and people will 
weary of hearing the same thing over and over 
again. But when they have told how they have been 
converted, the next thing is to feed on the Word. 
We are not fountains ourselves; but the Word of God 
is the true fountain. 

And if we feed on the Word, it will be so easy then 
to speak to others; and not only that, but we shall be 
growing in grace all the while, and others will take 
notice of our walk and conversation. So few grow, 
because so few study. I would advise all young con- 
verts to keep as much as they can in the company of 
more experienced Christians. I like to keep in the 
society of those who know more than I do; and I 
never lose a chance of getting all the good I can out 
of them. Study the Bible carefully and prayerfully; 
ask of others what this passage means and what that 
passage means, and when you have become practi- 
cally acquainted with the great truths it contains, 
you will have less to fear from the world, the flesh, 
and the devil. You will not be disappointed in your 
Christian life. 

IQ .- ~ SoiUclhinii New. 


People are constantly saying: We want some- 
thing new%* some new doctrine, some new idea. 
Depend upon it, my friends, if you get tired of the 
Word of God, and it becomes wearisome to you, you 
are out of communion with Him. 

When I was in Baltimore last, my window looked 
out on an Episcopal Church. The stained-glass 
windows were dull and uninviting by day, but when 
the lights shone through at night, how beautiful 
they were! So when the Holy Spirit touches the eyes 
of your understanding and you see Christ shining 
through the pages of the Bible, it becomes a new 
book to you. 

A young lady once took up a novel to read, but 
found it dull and uninteresting. Some months after- 
wards, she was introduced to the author and in the 
course of time became his wife. She then found 
that there was something in the book, and her opin- 
ion of it changed. The change was not in the book, 
but in herself. She had come to know and love the 
writer. Some Christians read the Bible as a duty, if 
they read it at all; but as soon as a man or woman 
sees Christ as the chiefest among ten thousand, the 
Bible becomes the revelation of the Father's love 
and becomes a never-ending charm. A gentleman 
asked another, "Do you often read the Bible?" "No," 
was the answer, "I frankly admit I do not love God." 
" No more did I," the first replied, " but God loved 

A great many people seem to think that the Bible 
is out of date, that it is an old book, and they think 
it has passed its day. They say it was very good 

Pk^fure and Prufit in Bible Study. \\ 

for the dark ages, and that there Is some very good 
history in it, but it was not intended for the present 
time; we are living in a very enlightened age and 
men can get on very well without the old book; 
we have outgrown it. Now you might just as well 
say that the sun, which has shone so long, is now 
so old that it is out of date, and that whenevei 
a man builds a house he need not put any windows 
in it, because we have a newer light and a better light ; 
we have gaslight and electric light. These are some- 
thing new; and I would advise people, if they think 
the Bible is too old and worn out, when they build 
houses, not to put windows in them, but just to light 
them with electric light; that is something new and 
that is what they are anxious for. 


Bear in mind there is no situation in life for which 
you cannot find some word of consolation in Scrip- 
ture. If you are in affliction, if you are in adversity 
and trial, there is a promise for you. In joy and sor- 
row, in health and in sickness, in poverty and in riches, 
in every condition of life, God has a promise stored 
up in His Word for you. In one way or another 
every case is met, and the truth is commended to 
every man's conscience. It is said that Richard Bax- 
ter, author of " The Saints' Everlasting Rest,'* felt 
the force of miracles chiefly in his youth; in maturer 
years he was more impressed by fulfilled prophecy; 
and towards the end of his life he felt the deepest 
satisfaction in his own ripe experience of the power 
of the Gospel. 

" If you are impatient, sit down quietly and coip 
mune with Job 

i2 Every Case Met. 

*' If you are strong-headed, read of Moses and 

" If you are weak-kneed, look at Elijah. 

" If there is no song in your heart, listen to David. 

*' If you are a politician, read Daniel. 

" If you are getting sordid, read Isaiah. 

'* If you are chilly, read of the beloved disciple. 

" If your faith is low, read Paul. 

"If you are getting lazy, watch James. 

"If you are losing sight of the future, read in Rev- 
elation of the promised land. ' 

"great peace." 

In Psalm 119:165, we find these words: "Great 
peace have they which love Thy law; and nothing 
shall offend them." The study of God's Word will 
secure peace. Take those Christians who are rootec/ 
and grounded in the Word of God, and you will find 
they have great peace; but those who don't study 
their Bible, and don't know their Bible, are easily 
offended when some little trouble comes, or some 
little persecution, and their peace is all disturbed; 
just a little breath of opposition and their peace is aU 

Sometimes I am amazed to see how little it takes 
to drive all peace and comfort from some people 
A slandering tongue will readily blast it. But if we 
have the peace ot God, the world cannot take that 
from us. It cannot give it; it cannot destroy it. We 
must get it from above the world, it is the peace 
which Christ gives. " Great peace have they which 
love Thy law, and nothing shall offend them.'* 
Christ says, " Blessed is he, whosoever shall not be 
offended in Me.* Now, you will no*-ice that where* 

P^asure and Projit in Bible Study. 13 

ever there is a Bible-taught Christian, one who has 
his Bible well marked, and who daily feeds upon the 
Word with prayerful meditation, he will not be 
easily offended. 

Such are the. people who are growing and working 
all the while. But it is the people who never open 
their Bibles, who never study the Scriptures, who 
become offended, and are wondering why they are 
having such a hard time. They are the persons who 
tell you that Christianity is not what it has been re- 
commended to them; that they have found it is not all 
that we claim it to be. The real trouble is, they 
have not done as the Lord has told them to do. 
They have neglected the Word of God. If they 
had been studying the Word of God, they would 
not be in that condition, they would not have wan- 
dered these years away from God, living on the huskjs 
of the world. They have neglected to care for the 
new life, they haven't fed it, and the poor soul, being 
starved, sinks into weakness and decay, and is easily 
stumbled or offended. If a man is born of God, he 
can not thrive without God. 

I met a man who confessed his soul had fed on 
nothing for forty years. " Well," said I, " that is 
pretty hard for the soul — giving it nothing to feed 
on! " That man is a type of thousands and tens of 
thousands to-day; their poor souls are starving. We 
take good care of this body that we inhabit for a day, 
and then leave; we feed it three times a day, and we 
clothe it, and deck it, and by and by it is going into 
the grave to rot; but the inner man, that is to live on 
una on forever, is lean and starved. " Man shall not 

•14 The Christian s Guideheof:. 

live by bread alone, but by every word that proceed- 
eth out of the mouth of God." 


If a man is traveling and does not know 
where he is going to, or how he is going to get there, 
you know he has a good deal of trouble, and does 
not enjoy the trip as much as if he has a guidebook 
at hand. It is not safe traveling, and he does not 
know how to make through-connections. Now, the 
Bible is a guidebook in the journey of life, and the 
only one that points the way to Heaven. "Thy word 
is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path.'* 
Let us take heed then not to refuse the light and the 
help it gives. 


Doubting and Inqniri?ig — Proving — A Savour of Lih 
unto Life, or Death nnto Death — U Jider standing tJie 
Scriptures — Cavilling — Using the Penknife — TJie 
Supernatural — Inspiration. 

WE DO NOT ask men and women to believe 
in the Bible without enquiry. It is not nat- 
ural to man to accept the things of God without 
question. If you are to be ready to give an answer 
to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope 
that is within }-ou, you must first be an enquirer 
yourself. But do not be a dishonest doubter, with 
your heart and mind proof against evidence. Do 
not be a doubter because you think it is "intellectual ;'* 
do not ventilate your doubts. " Give us your con- 
victions," said a German wa'iter, " we have enough 
doubts of our owm." Be like Thomas who did not 
accept Jesus' offer to feel the nail-prints in His hand 
and side; his heart was open to conviction. " Faith," 
says John McNeill, '* is not to be obtained at your 

If you are filled with the Word of. God, there will 
not be any doubts. A lady said to me once, "Don't 
you have any doubts?" No, I don't. have. time— rtoo 
much work to be done. Some people live\on doubt. 
It is, their stock in trade. I believe the. reason 
there are so niany Christians who are without the full 
evidence of the relationship, with whom you only see 

l6 Pfoving, 

the Christian graces cropping out every now and 
then, is that the Bible is not taken for doctrine, re- 
proof and instruction. 


Now the request comes: ** I wish you would 
prove to me that the Bible is true." Thv Book will 
prove itself if you will let it; there is living power in 
it. *' For this cause also we thank God without ceas- 
ing, because when ye received the Word of God 
which ye heard ol us, ye received it not as the word 
of men, but as it is in truth, the Word of God, which 
effectually workcth also in you that believe." It 
does not need defence so much as it needs studying. 
It can defend itself. It is not a sickly child that 
needs nursing. A Christian man was once talking 
to a skeptic who said he did not believe the Bible. 
The man read certain passages, but the skeptic said 
again, " I don't believe a word of it." The man 
kept on reading until finally the skeptic w^as con- 
victed; and the other added: "When I have proved 
a good sword, I keep using it." That is what we 
want to-day. It is not our work to make men be- 
lieve: that is the work of the Holy Spirit. 


A man once sat down to read it an hour each 
evening with his wife. In a few evenings he stopped 
in the midst of his reading and said: "Wife, if this 
Book is true, we are wrong." He read on, and be- 
fore long, stopped again and said: "Wife, if this 
Book is true, we are lost." Riveted to the Book and 
deeply anxious, he still read on, and soon ex- 
claimed: "Wife, if this Book is true, we may be 
saved." It was not many days before they were both 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, I7 

converted. This is the one great end of the Book, lo 
tell man of God's great salvation. Think of a book 
that can lift up our drooping spirits, and recreate us 
in God's image! 

It is an awful responsibility to have such a book 
and to neglect its warnings, to reject its teachings. 
It is either the savour of death unto death, or of life 
unto life. What if God should withdraw it, and say: 
'T will not trouble you with it any more?" 
can't understand. 

You ask what you are going to do when you come 
to a thing you cannot understand. I thank God there 
is a height in that Book I do not know anything 
about, a depth I have never been able to fathom, and 
it makes the Book all the more fascinating. If I 
could take that Book up and read it as I can any 
other book and understand it at one reading, I should 
have lost faith in it years ago. It is one of the 
strongest proofs that that Book must have come from 
God, that the acutest men who have dug for fifty 
years have laid down their pens and said, " There is 
a depth we know nothing of." "No scripture," said 
Spurgeon, "is exhausted by a single explanation . 
The flowers of God's garden bloom, not only double, 
but sevenfold: they are continually pouring forth 
fresh fragrance." A man came to me with a difficult 
passage some time ago and said, "Moody, what do 
you do with that? " "I do not do anything with it." 
"How -do you understand it?" "I do not understand 
it." "How do you explain it?" "I do not explain 
it." "What do you do with it?" "I do not do any- 
thing.*' "You do not believe it, do you?" "Oh, 
yes, I belkve it." There are lots of things I do not 

! 8 Un dcrstati dijig th c Scriptu res . 

Mnderstand, but I believe them. I do not know any- 
ching about higher mathematics, but I believe in 
them. I do not understand astronomy, but I believe 
in astronomy. Can you tell me why the same kind 
of food turns into flesh, fish, hair, feathers, hoofs, 
nnger-nails — according as it is eaten by one animal 
or another? A man told me a while ago he could 
not believe a thing he had never seen. I said, 
"Man, did you ever see your brain?" 

Dr. Talmage tells the story that one day while he 
was bothering his theological professor with ques- 
tions about the mysteries of the Bible, the latter 
turned on him and said: " Mr. Talmage, you will 
have to let God know some things you don't." 

A man once said to an infidel: "The mysteries of 
the Bible don't bother me. I read the Bible as I eat 
fish. When I am eating fish and come across a bone. 
I don't try to swallow it, I lay it aside. And when I 
am reading the Bible and come across something I 
can't understand, I say, 'There is a bone,' and I pass 
it by. But I don't throw the fish away because of 
the bones in it; and I don't throw my Bible away 
because of a few passages I can't explain." 

Pascal said, " Human knowledge must be under- 
stood in ordei to be loved; but Divine knowledge 
must be loved to be understood." That marks the 
point of failure of most critics of the Bible. They 
do not make their brain the servant of their heart. 


Did you ever notice that the things that men cavil 
most about are the very things to which Christ has 
set His seal? Men say, "You don't believe in the 
story of Noah and the flood, do you? " Well, if 1 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, |0 

give it up, I must give up the Gospel, I must give 
up the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christ believed in 
.he story of Noah, and connected that with His re- 
turn to earth. " As the days of Noah were, so shall 
also the coming of the Son of man be," Men say, 
"You don't believe in the story of Lot and Sodom, 
do you?" Just as much as I believe the teach- 
ings of Jesus Christ. " As it was in the days of Lot 

even thus shall it be in the day when 

the Son of man is revealed." Men say, " You don't 
believe in the story of Lot's wife, do you?" Christ 
believed it. " Remember Lot's wife." " You don't 
believe the story of Israel looking to a brass serpent 
for deliverance, do you?" Christ believed it and 
connected it with His own cross. "As Moses lifted 
up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the 
Son of man be lifted up: that whosever believeth in 
Him should not perish but have eternal life." 
Men say, " You don't believe the children of Israel 
were fed with manna in the desert, do you?" " Our 
fathers did eat manna in the desert; . . . Verily, 
verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that 
bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the 
true bread from heaven." Men say, " You don't 
believe they drank water that came out of a rock? " 
Christ believed it and taught it. Men say, " You 
don't believe in the story of Elijah being fed by the 
widow, do you? " Certainly. Christ said there were 
many widows in the days of Elijah, but Elijah was 
fed by only one widow. Christ referred to it Him- 
self, He set His seal to it. The Son of God believed 
it, and, "shall the servant be above his master?" 

f© CavilUry 


Men say, "Well, you don't believe in the story of 
Jonah and the whale, do you? " I want to tell you 
I do believe it. A few years ago there was a man 
whom some one thought a little unsound, and they 
didn't want him to speak on the Northfield platform. 
I said, "I will soon find out whether or not he Is 
sound." I asked him, " Do you believe the 
whale swallowed Jonah?" "Yes," he said, "I 
do." I said " All right, then I want you to come and 
speak." He came and gave a lecture on Jonah. In 
Matthew they twice-asked Jesus for a sign, and He 
said the only sign this generation shall have shall be 
the sign of Jonah in the whale*s belly. He con- 
nected that with His resurrection, and I honestly be- 
lieve that if we overthrow the one, we must over- 
throw the other. As you get along in life and have 
perhaps as many friends on the other side of the 
river as you have on this side, you will get about as 
much comfort out of the story of the resurrection 
as any other story in the Bible. Christ had no 
doubt about the story. He said His resurrection 
would be a sign like that given unto the Ninevites. 
It was the resurrected man Jonah who walked through 
the streets of Nineveh. It must be supposed that 
the men of Nineveh had heard of Jonah being thrown 
overboard and swallowed by a great fish. I think it 
is a master-stroke of Satan to make us doubt the 
resurrection. But these modern philosophers have 
made a discovery. They say a whale's throat is no 
larger than a man's fist, and it is a physical impossi- 
bility for a whale to swallow a man. The book of 
Jonah says that God prepared a great fish to swallow 

Pleasure and Profit m Bible Study, 21 

Jonah. Couldn't God make a fish large enough to 
swallow Jonah? If God could create a world, 1 
think He could create a fish large enough to swallow 
a million men. As the old woman said, *' Could He 
not, if He chose, prepare a man that could swallow a 
whale?" A couple of these modern philosophers 
were going to Europe some time ago, and a Scotch 
friend of mine was on board who knew his Bible 
pretty well. They got to talking about the Bible, 
and one of them said: ** I am a scientific man, and I 
have made some investigation of that Book, and I 
have taken up some of the statements in it, and I 
have examined them, and I pronounce them untrue. 
There is a statement in the Bible that Balaam's ass 
spoke. I have taken pains to examine the mouth of 
an ass and it is so formed that it could not speak." 
My friend stood it as long as he could and then 
said, " Eh, mon, you make the ass and I will make 
him speak." The idea that God could not speak 
through the mouth of an ass! 


There is another class. It is quite fashionable for 
people to say, " Yes, I believe the Bible, but not 
the supernatural. I believe everything that corre- 
sponds with this reason of mine." They go on read- 
ing the Bible with a pen-knife, cutting out this and 
that. Now, if I have a right to cut out a certain 
portion of the Bible, I don't know why one of my 
friends has not a right to cut out another, and 
another friend to cut out another part, and so on. 
You would have a queer kind of Bible if everybody 
cut out what he wanted to. Every adulterer would 
cut out cvexything about adultery; every liar would 

12 Using the Penknife. 

cut out everything about lying; every drunkard would 
be cutting out what he didn't like. Once, a gentle- 
man took his Bible around to his minister's and said, 
"That is your Bible." "Why do you call it my 
Bible?" said the minister. "Well," replied the 
gentleman, " I have been sitting under your preach- 
ing for five years, and when you said that a thing in the 
Bible was not authentic, I cut it out." He had about 
a third of the Bible cut out; all of Job, all of Eccles- 
iastes and Revelation, and a good deal besides. The 
minister wanted him to leave the Bible with him; he 
didn't want the rest of his congregation to see it. 
But the man said, " Oh, no! I have the covers left, 
and I will hold on to them." And off he went hold- 
ing on to the covers. If you believed what some 
men preach, you would have nothing but the covers 
left in a few months. I have often said that if I am 
going to throw away the Bible, I will throw it all 
into the fire at once. There is no need of waiting 
five years to do what you can do as well at once. I 
have yet to find a man who begins to pick at the 
Bible that does not pick it all to pieces in a little 
while. A minister whom I met awhile ago said to 
me, " Moody, I have given up preaching except out 
of the four Gospels. I have given up all the Epis- 
tles, and all the Old Testament; and I do not know 
why I cannot go to the fountain head and preach as 
Paul did. I believe the Gospels are all there is that 
is authentic." It was not long before he gave up 
the four Gospels, and finally gave up the ministry. 
He- gave up the Bible, and God gave him up. 

A prophet who had been sent to a city to warn the 
Wicked, was commanded not to eat meat within its 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Sttid) 1% 

walls. He was afterwards deceived into doing so by 
an old prophet, who told him that an angel had come 
to him and said he might return and eat with him. 
That prophet was destroyed by a lion for his diso- 
bedience. If an angel should come and tell a 
different story from that in the Book, don't believe 
it. I am tired and sick of people following men. 
It is written, "though an angel from heaven preach 
any other gospel, let him be accursed." Do you 
think with more light before us than the prophet had 
that we can disobey God's Word with impunity? 


It is a most absurd statement for a man to say he 
will have nothing to do with the supernatural, will 
not believe the supernatural. If you are going to 
throw off the supernatural, you might as well burn 
your Bibles at once. You take the supernatural out of 
that Book and you have taken Jesus Christ out of it, 
you have taken out the best part of the Book. There 
is no part of the Bible that does not teach supernat- 
ural things. In Genesis it says that Abraham fell on 
his face and God talked with him. That is supernat- 
ural. If that did not take place, the man who wrote 
Genesis wrote a lie, and out goes Genesis. In 
Exodus you find the ten plagues which came upon 
Egypt. If that is not true, the writer of Exodus 
was a liar. Then in Leviticus it is said that fire 
consumed the two sons of Aaron. That was a sup- 
ernatural event, and if that was not true we must 
throw out the whole book. 

In Numbers is the story of the brazen serpent. 
And so with every book in the Old Testament; there 
5 not one in which you do not find something 

24 The Supernatural. 

supernatural. There are more supernatural things 
about Jesus Christ than in any other portion of the 
Bible, and the last thing a man is willing to give up 
is the four Gospels. Five hundred years before His 
birth, the angel Gabriel came down and told Daniel 
that He should be born. "And whiles I was speak- 
ing in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had 
seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to 
fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening 
oblation." Again, Gabriel comes down to Nazareth 
and tells the Virgin that she should be ♦■he mother of- 
the Saviour. ''Behold, thou shalt conceive in thy 
womb and bring forth a Son, and shalt call his 
name Jesus." We find, too, that the angel went into 
the temple and told Zacharias that he was to be the 
father of John the Baptist, the forerunner of the 
Messiah; Zacharias was struck dumb for nine months 
because of his unbelief. Then when Christ was 
born, we find angels appearing to the shepherds at 
Bethlehem, telling them of the birth of the Saviour. 
"Unto you is born this day in the city of David a 
Saviour, which is Christ the Lord." The wise men 
seeing the star in the east and following it was surely 
supernatural. So was the warning that God sent to 
Joseph in a dream, telling him to flee to Egypt. So 
was the fact of our Lord's going into the temple at 
the age of twelve, discussing with the doctors, and 
being a match for them all. So were the circum- 
stances attending His baptism, when God spake 
from heaven, saying: "This is my beloved Son." 
For three and a half years Jesus trod the streets 
and highways of Palestine. Think of the many won- 
derful miracles that He wrought during those years. 

Pleasure and Profit in Bibld Study. 25 

One day He speaks to the leper and he is made whole ; 
one day He speaks to the sea and it obeys Him. 
When He died the sun refused to look upon the 
scene; this old world recognized Him and reeled and 
rocked like a drunken man. And when He burst 
asunder the bands of death and came out of Joseph's 
sepulchre, that was supernatural. Christmas Evans, 
the great Welsh preacher, says: "Many reforma- 
tions die with the reformer, but this reformer ever 
lives to carry on His reformation." Thank God we 
do not worship a dead Jew. If we worshipped a 
dead Jew, we would not have been quickened and 
have received life in our souls. I thank God our 
Christ is a supernatural Christ, and this Book a su- 
pernatural Book, and I thank God I live in a country 
where it is so free that all men can read it. 

Some people think we are deluded, that this is 
imagination. Well, it is a glorious imagination, is it 
not? It has lasted between thirty and forty years 
with me, and I think it is going to last while I liv^e, 
and when I go into another world. Some one, when 
reading about Paul, said he was mad. Well, it was 
replied, if he was he had a good keeper on the way, 
and a good asylum at the end of the route. I wish 
we had a lot of mad men in America just now like 


When Paul wrote to Timothy that all Scripture 
was given by inspiration of God and was profitable, 
he meant what he said. ••Well," some say, "do you 
believe all Scripture is given by inspiration?*' 
Yes, every word of it; but I don't believe all the 
actions and incidents it tells of were inspired. For 

26 Inspiration. 

instance, wnen the devil told a lie he was not inspired 
to tell a lie, and when a wicked man like Ahab said 
anything, he was not inspired; but some one was in- 
spired to write it, and so all was given by inspiration 
and is profitable. 

Inspiration must have been verbal in many, if not 
in all, cases. Peter tells us, regarding salvation 
through the sufferings of Christ: 

"Of which salvation the prophets have enqjired 
and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace 
that should come unto you. Searching what or what 
manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in 
them did signify, when it testified beforehand the 
sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should fol- 
low. Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto 
themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, 
which are now reported unto you by them that have 
preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost 
sent down from heaven; which things the angels 
desire to look into." 

So that the prophets themselves had to enquire 
and search diligently regarding the words they 
uttered under the inspiration of the Spirit. 

A man said to a young convert: "How can you 
prove that the Bible is inspired?" He replied, " Be- 
cause it inspires me." I think that is pretty 
good proof. Let the Word of God into your soul, 
and it will inspire you, it can not help it. 


The Old and the New Testarne?its. 

I WANT to show how absurd it is for anyone to 
say he believes the New Testament and not the 
Old. It is a very interesting fact that of the thirty- 
nine books of the Old Testament, it is recorded that our 
Lord made quotations from no less than twenty-two. 
Very possibly He may have quoted from all of them; 
for we have only fragments reported of what He 
said and did. You know the Apostle John tells us 
that the world could scarcely contain the books that 
could be written, if all the sayings and doings of our 
Lord were recorded. About eight hundred and fifty 
passages in the Old Testament are quoted or alluded 
to in the New; only a few occurring more than 

In the Gospel by Matthew there are over a hun- 
dred quotations from twenty of the books in the Old 
Testament. In the Gospel of Mark there are fifteen 
quotations taken from thirteen cf the books. In the 
Gospel of Luke there are thirty-four quotations from 
thirteen books. In the Gospel of John there are 
eleven quotations from six books. In the four Gos- 
pels alone there arc more than one hundred and sixty 
quotations from the Old Testament. You some- 
times hear men saying they do not believe all the 
Bible, but they believ^ the teaching of Jesus Christ in 
the four Gospels. Well, if 1 believe that, I have to 

2i The Old and the New Testament. 

accept these hundred and sixty quotations from the 
Old Testament. In Paul's letter to the Corinthians 
there are fifty-three quotations from the Old Testa- 
ment; sometimes he takes whole paragraphs from 
it. In Hebrews there are eighty-five quotations, in 
that one book of thirteen chapters. In Galatians, 
sixteen quotations. In the book of Revelation alone, 
there are two hundred and forty-five quotations and 

A great many want to throw out the Old Testa* 
ment. It is good historic reading, they say, but they 
don't believe it is a part of the Word of God, and 
don't regard it as essential in the scheme of salva- 
tion. The last letter Paul wrote contained the fol- 
lowing words: "And that from a child thou hast 
known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make 
thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in 
Christ Jesus." All the Scriptures which the apostles 
possessed were the Old Testament. 

When skeptics attack its truths, these find it con- 
venient to say, "Well, we don't endorse all that is in 
the Old Testament," and thus they avoid an argu- 
ment in defence of the Scriptures. It is very im- 
portant that every Christian should not only know 
what the Old Testament teaches, but he should ac- 
cept its truths, because it is upon this that truth is 
based. Peter said the Scriptures are not given for 
any private interpretation, and in speaking of the 
Scriptures, referred to the Old Testament and not to 
the New. 

If the Old Testament Scriptures are not true, do 
you think Christ would have so often' referred to 
them, and said the Scriptures must be fulfilled? 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 29 

When toid by the tempter that He might call down 
the angels from heaven to interpose in riis behalf, 
he said: "Thus it is written." Christ gave Himself 
up as a sacrifice that the Scriptures might be ful- 
filled. Was it not said that He was numbered with 
the transgressors? And when He talked with two 
of His disciples by the way journeying to Emmaus, 
after His resurrection, did He not say: "Ought not 
these things to be? am I not to suffer?" And be- 
ginning at Moses He explained unto them in all the 
Scriptures concerning Himselt, for the one theme of 
the Old Testament is the Messiah. In Psalm 40:7, 
it says: *Tn the volume of the book it is written 
of me." "What Bookr asks Luther, "and what 
Person? There is only one book — the Bible; and 
only one person — Jesus Christ." Christ referred to 
the Scriptures and their fulfillment in Him, not only 
after He arose from the dead, but in the book of 
Revelation He used them in Heaven. He spoke 
to John of them on the Isle of Patmos, and used the 
very things in them that men are trying to cast out. 
He never found fault with or rejected them. 

If Jesus Christ could use the Old Testament, let 
us use it. May God deliver us from the one-sided 
Christian who reads only the New Testament and 
talks against the Old! 


^*Afy Word shall not Pass Away — Printing' the Revised 
Version in Chicago — Circulatiofi of the Bible. 

CHRIST speaking of the law, said: "One jot or 
one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law until 
all be fulfilled." In another place He said: "Heaven 
and earth shall pass away, but my Word shall not 
pass away." Now, let us keep in mind that the only 
Scripture the apostles and Christ had was the Old 
Testament. The New Testament was not written. 
I will put that as the old and new covenant. "One 
jot or tittle of the law shall in no wise pass away 
until all be fulfilled," — the old covenant; and then 
Christ comes and adds these words: "Heaven and 
earth shall pass away, but my Word shall not pass 
away," — the new covenant. Now, notice how thai 
has been fulfilled. There was no short-hand re- 
porter following Him around taking down His 
words; there were no papers to print the sermons, 
and they wouldn't have printed His sermons if there 
had been any daily papers — the whole church and 
all the religious world were against Him. I can see 
one of your modern free-thinkers standing near Him, 
and he hears Christ say: "Heaven and earth shall 
pass away, but my Word shall not pass away." I see 
the scornful look on his face as he says: "Hear that 
Jewish peasant talk! Did you ever hear such con- 
ceit, such madness? He says Heaven and earth 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 31 

shall pass away, but His Word shall not pass away." 
My friend, I want to ask you this question — have 
they passed away? Do you know that the sun has 
shone on more Bibles to-day than ever before in the 
history of the world? There have been more Bibles 
printed in the last ten years than in the first eighteen 
hunidred years. They tried in the dark ages to 
chain it, and keep it from the nations, but God has 
preserved it, and the British and American Bible 
Societies print thousands of Bibles every day. One 
house in New York has sold one hundred thousand 
Oxford Bibles during the last year. 


Suppose some one had said that when we had a 
revised version of the New Testament, it was going 
to have such a large circulation — men reading it 
wherever the English language is spoken — the state- 
ment would hardly have been believed. The new 
version came out in New York on a Friday — on the 
same day that it was published in London. Chicago 
did not want to be behind New York. At that time 
.ne quickest train between the two cities could not 
accomplished the journey in less than about twenty- 
six hours. It would be late on Saturday afternoon 
before the copies could reach Chicago, and the 
stores would be closed. So one of the Chicago 
daily papers set ninety operators at work and had 
the whole of the new version, from Matthew to Rev- 
elation, telegraphed to Chicago on Friday; it was 
put at once into print and sold on the streets of that 
city next day. If some one had said years ago, be- 
fore telegraphs were introduced, that this would be 

32 My Word Shall Not Pass Away. 

rlone, it would have been thought an impossibility. 
Yet it has been done. 

Notwithstanding all that skeptics and infidels say 
against the old Book, it goes on its way. These ob- 
jectors remind one of a dog barking at the moon; 
the moon goes on shining just the same. Atheists 
keep on writing against the Bible; but they do not 
make much progress, do they? It is being spread 
all abroad — silently, and without any blasts of trum- 
pets. The lighthouse does not blow a trumpet; it 
goes on shedding its light all around. So the Bible 
is lighting up the nations of the earth. It is said 
that a lecturer on Secularism was once asked, "Why 
can't you let the Bible alone, if you don't believe 
it?' The honest reply was at once made, "Because 
the Bible won't let me alone." 


The Bible was about the first book ever printed, and 
to-day New Testaments are printed in three hundred 
and fifty-three different languages, and are going to the 
very corners of the earth. Wherever the Bible has 
not been translated, the people have no literature. 
It will not be long before the words of Jesus Christ 
will penetrate the darkest parts of the earth, and the 
darkest islands of the sea. When Christ said, "The 
Scriptures can not be broken," He meant every 
word He said. Devil and man and hell have been 
in league for centuries to try to break the Word of 
God, but they can not do it. If you get it for your 
footing, you have good footing for time and eternity. 
"Heaven anu earth shall pass away, but my Word 
shall not pass away.'* My friends, that Word is go* 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 33 

ing to live, and there is no power in perdition or 
earth to blot it out. 

What we want to-day is men who believe in it 
from the crown of their heads to the soles of their 
feet, who believe the whole of it, the things they 
understand and the things they do not understand. 
Talk about the things you understand, and lea\e 
the things you do not. I believe that is one reason 
why the English and the Scotch Christians have got 
ahead of us, because they study the whole Bible. 1 
venture to say that there are hundreds of Bible read- 
ings in London every night. You know there are a 
good many Christians who are good in spots and 
mighty poor in other spots, because they do nc^t 
take the whole sweep of the Bible. When I w^ent to 
Scotland I had to be very careful how I quoted tnt 
Bible. Some friend would tell me after the meeting 
\ was quoting it wrong. 


htdfiUcd Prophecy — Unexplored Con7itry — Babylon— 
Nineveh — Tyre— Jerusalem — Egypt — The Jew. 

1KN0W knothing that will upset an honest skep- 
tic quicker \\\-d.\\ fulfilled prophecy , There are very 
few Christians who think of studying this subject. 
They say that prophecies are so mysterious, and 
there is question about their being fulfilled. Now 
the Bible does not say that prophecy is a dark sub- 
ject, to be avoided; but rather that " we have a more 
sure word oi prophecy, whereunto ye do well thai 
ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth i^ a darK 
place, until the day dawn and the daystar arise in 
your hearts." Prophecy is history unfulfilled, and 
history is prophecy fulfilled. 

When I was a boy I was taught that all beyond 
the Mississippi river was the great American desert. 
But when the first pick-axe struck into the Corn- 
stock lode, and they took out more than one hun 
dred million dollars' worth of silver, the nation re- 
alized .'hat there was no desert: and to-day that part 
of the country — Nevada, Colorado, Utah and other 
western states — is some of the most valuable we 
possess. Think of the busy cities and flourishing 
states that have sprung up among the mountains! 
So with many portions of the Bible: people never 
think of reading them. They are living on a few 
verses and chapters. The greater part of the Biblr 

Pleasure aud Profit in Bible Study, 35 

was written by prophets, yet you never hear a ser- 
mon preached on prophecy. 

Between five and six hundred Old Testament 
prophecies have been remarkably and literally ful- 
filled, and two hundred in regard to Jesus Christ 
alone. Not a thing happened to Jesus Christ that 
was not prophesied from seventeen hundred to four 
hundred years before He was born. 

Take the four great cities that existed in the days 
when the Old Testament was written, and you will 
find that prophecies regarding them have been ful- 
filled to the letter. Let me call your attention to a 
few passages. 


First regarding Babylon — "And Babylon, the glory 
ot kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, 
shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomor- 
rah. It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be 
dwelt in from generation to generation; neither shall 
the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shep- 
herds make their fold there. But wild beasts of the 
desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full 
of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and 
satyrs shall dance there. And the wild beasts of the 
islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and drag- 
ons in their pleasant palaces; and her time is near 
to come, and her days shall not be prolonged." 
And again: "The word that the Lord spake 
against Babylon and against the land of the Chal- 
deans by Jeremiah the Prophet. Declare ye among 
the nations, and publish and set up a standard; pub- 
lish and conceal not; say, Babylon is taken, Bel is 
confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols 

3ll Fulfilled Prophecy. 

are confounded, her images are broken in pieces. 
For out of the north there cometh a nation against 
her; which shall make her land desolate, and none 
shall dwell therein; they shall remove, they shall 
depart, both man and beast." "Because of the wrath 
of the Lord it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be 
wholly desolate; every one that goeth by Babylon 
shall be astonished, and hiss at all her plagues." 
"How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder 
and broken! How is Babylon become a desolation 
among the nations! I have laid a snare for thee, 
and thou art taken, oh Babylon, and thou wast not 
aware; thou art found, and also caught, because thou 
hast striven against the Lord." 

A hundred years before Nebucadnezzar ascended 
the throne, it was foretold how Babylon should be 
destroyed, and it came to pass. Scholars tell us 
that the city stood in the midst of a large and fruit- 
ful plain. It was enclosed by a wall four hundred 
and eighty furlongs square. Each side of the square 
had twenty gates of solid brass, and at every corner 
was a strong tower, ten feet higher than the wall. 
The wall was eighty-seven feet broad, and three 
hundred and fifty feet high. These figures give us 
an idea of the importance of Babylon. Yet nothing 
but ruins now remain to tell of its former grandeur. 
When Babylon was in its glory, the queen of the 
earth, prophets predicted that it would be destroyed; 
and how literally was it fulfilled! 

A friend going through the valley of the Euph- 
rates tried to get his dragoman to pitch his- tent 
near the ruins, and failed. . No Arabian pitches his 
tent there, no shepherd will dwell near the ruins. 

Phasure ami Profit in BibU Stu^. jf 


Now take Nineveh. *' And I will cast abominable 
filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee 
as a gazingstock. And it shall come to pass, that all 
they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say, 
Ninev^ch is laid waste; who will bemoan her? Whence 
shall I seek comforters for thee?" Now, how are 
you going to cover the city up? " I will cast upon 
her abominable filth." How are you going to cast 
abominable filth upon the city? And yet for 2,500 
years Nineveh was buried and an abominable filth 
lay upon her. But now they have dug up the ruins, 
and brought them to Paris and London, and you go 
into the British museum, and there is not a day ex- 
cept the Sabbath but what you can see men from all 
parts of the world gazing upon the ruins. It is just 
as the prophets prophesied. For 2,500 years Nine- 
veh was buried, but it is no longer buried. 


Then look at Tyre: "Therefore thus saith the 
Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, Oh Tyrus, 
and will cause many nations to come up against 
thee, as the sea causeth his waves to come up. And 
they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus and break 
down her towers; I will also scrape her dust from 
her, and make her like the top of a rock. It shall 
be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of 
the sea, for I have spoken it, saith the Lord God, 
and it shall become a spoil to the nations." Coffin, 
who was correspondent o^ the 'Qosion Journal during 
the war, went round the world after the war was over 
in '68. One night he came to the site of old Tyre, 
and he said the sun was just going down, and he got 

_j8 Fulfilled Prophecy. 

his dragoman to pitch his tent right over by the 
ruins, where the rocks were scraped bare, and 
he took out his Bible and read where it says, " It 
shall be a place for the spreading of nets." He 
said the fishermen had done fishing and were just 
spreading their nets on the rocks of Tyre, precisely 
as it was prophesied hundreds and hundreds of years 
before. Now mark you! When they prophesied 
against these great cities, they were like London, 
Paris and New York in their glory, but their glory 
has gone. 


Now take the prophecy in regard to Jerusalem: 
" And when He was come near. He beheld the city, 
and wept over it saying, If thou hadst known, 
even thou at least in this thy day, the things which 
belong unto thy peace: But now they are hid from 
thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that 
thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and com- 
pass thee round, and keep thee in on every side." 
Didn't Titus do that? Did'nt the Roman Emperor 
do that very thing? ** And shall lay thee even with 
the ground, and thy children within thee; and they 
shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; be- 
cause thou knewest not the time of thy visitation." 

I have read of two Rabbis going up to Jerusalem, 
and they saw a fox playing upon the wall; one began 
to weep when he thus locked at the desolation of 
Zion. The other smiled and rebuked him, saying 
that the spectacle was a proof that the Word of God 
was true, and that this was one of the prophecies 
which should be fulfilled — " Because of the moun- 
tain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk upon 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 39 

it." It was also said tliat Jerusalem should be as a 
ploughed field. This prophecy has also been ful- 
filled. The modern city is so restricted that out- 
side of the walls, where part of the old city stood, 
the plough has been used. 


Now take the prophecies regarding Egypt: " It 
shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it 
exalt itself any more above the nations; for I will 
diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the 
nations." Now, mark you! Egypt was in its glory 
when this was prophesied. It was a great and mighty 
empire, but for centuries it has been the basest of 
all nations. They have not got a native prince or 
king to reign over them. The man that is reigning 
over them now is not an Egyptian, but he is some 
foreigner, and so it has been. 


Then, again, the prophecy of Balaam with regard 
to the Jews has been already greatly fulfilled. " Lo, 
the people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reck- 
oned among the nations. Who can count the dust 
of Jacob, and the number of the fourth part of Is- 
rael?" The Jews were not to be reckoned amongst 
the nations. There is something in this people*s 
looks and habits that God continues to perpetuate, 
just, as I believe, to make them witnesses in every 
land of the truth of the Bible. 

The race has remained all these centuries separate 
and distinct from other nations. In America there 
are all kinds of nationalities. Take an Irishman, 
and in a generation he will have forgotton his nation- 
•4ity. So, too, with the Germans, Italians, and 

40 Fulfilled Prophc'cy. 

French; but the Jew is as much a Jew as he was 
when he came over one hundred years ago. See 
how the race has been persecuted, yet the Jews con- 
trol the finances of the world and can not be kep: 
down. Egypt, Edom, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, 
Rome, and all the leading nations of the earth have 
sought to crush out the Jews. Frederick the Great 
said, " Touch them not, for no one has done so and 
prospered." The people are the same now as they 
were in the days of Pharoah, when he tried to des- 
troy all the male children. The prophecy is ful- 
filled — God has made the nation numerous and 
united. The time is coming when God will reinstate 
the Jew. " For the children of Israel shall abide 
many days without a King, and without a Prince, 
and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and 
without an ephod, and without teraphim." Are 
they not without a King, without a nation, and with- 
out a sacrifice? Are they not scattered among the 
nations of the earth, a separate and distinct people? 
and they do not bow down to idols. Their last King 
they crucified, and they will never have another un- 
til they restore Him. He was Jesus Christ, as in- 
scribed upon His cross, ** The King of the Jews." 


Wc see how it was prophesied that Eli should 
suffer. He was God's own high priest, and the only 
thing against him was that he did not obey God's 
word faithfully and diligently. He was like a good 
many nowadays. He was one of these good-na- 
tured old men who don't want to make people un- 
comfortable by saying unpleasant things, so he let 
bis two boys go on in neglect, and did not restrain 

Pleasure and Profit in BibU Study. 41 

them. He was just like some ministers. Oh! let 
every minister tell the truth, though he preach him- 
self out of his pulpit. Everything- went all right for 
twenty years, but then came fulfilment of the pro- 
phecy. God's ark was taken, the army of Israel was 
routed by the Philistines; Hophni and Phineas, old 
Eli's two sons, were killed, and when the old man 
heard of it, he fell back in his chair, broke his neck 
and died. So with King Ahab, taking the sin- 
ful advice of Jezebel. Naboth would not sell him 
that piece of land, so they got him out of the way. 
Three years afterwards the dogs licked Ahab's blood 
?rom his chariot in the very spot where Naboth's 
•lad been murderously shed 


Text Preaching and Expository Preaching — Peter and 
Paul at Jenisaletn — Oratorical PreacJiing. 

HERE is a word of counsel for young men who 
have their eye on the ministry. If you take 
my advice, you will seek not to be a text preacher, 
but an expository preacher. I believe that what this 
country wants is the Word of God. There is no 
book that will draw the people like the Bible. One 
of the professors of the Chicago University gave 
some lectures on the Book of Job, and there was no 
building large enough to hold the people. If the 
Bible only has a chance to speak fcr itself, it will in- 
terest the people. I am tired and sick of mora' 
essays. It would take about a ton of them to coii 
vert a child five years old. A man was talking of a 
certain church once, and said he liked it because the 
preacher never touched on politics and religion — 
just read nice little essays. Give the people the 
Word of God. Some men only use the Bible 
as a text book. They get a text and away they 
go. They go up in a balloon and talk about 
astronomy, and then go down and give you a little 
geology, and next Sunday they go on in the same 
way, and then they wonder why it is people do not 
read their Bibles. I used to think Charles Spurgeon 
was about as good a preacher as I ever knew, but I 
used rather hear him expound the Scripturt: than 

Pkasuri: an J Profit in Bible Study. ■ 43 

listen to all his sermons. Why is it that Dr. John 
Hail has held his audience so long? tie opens his 
Bible and expounds. How was it that Andrew Bonar 
held his audience in Glasgow? He had a weak 
voice, people could hardly hear him, yet thirteen hun- 
dred people would file into his church twice every Sab- 
bath, and many of them took notes, and they would 
go home and send his sermons all over the world. 
It was Dr. Bonar's custom to lead his congregation 
through the study of the Bible, book by book. 
There was not a part of the Bible in which he could 
not find Christ. I preached five months in Glasgow, 
and there was not a ward or a district in the city in 
which I did not find the influence of that man. 


I was in London in '84 and a barrister had come 
down from Edinburgh. He said he went through to 
Glasgow a few weeks before to spend Sunday, and he 
was fortunate enough to hear Andrew Bonar. He 
said he happened to be there the Sunday Dr. Bonar 
got to that part of the Epistle of Galatians where it 
says that Paul went up to Jerusalem to see Peter. 
"Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem 
to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days." 
He let his imagination roam. He said one day he 
could imagine they had been very busy and they 
were tired, and all at once Peter turned to Paul 
and said, " Paul, wouldn't you like to take a little 
walk?" And Paul said he would. So they went 
down through the streets of Jerusalem arm in arm, 
over the brook Cedron, and all at once Peter 
stopped and said, " Look, Paul, this is the very spot 
where He wrestled, and where He suffered and 

44 Text Pr^achin^ and Expository Preaching, 

sweat great drops of blood. There is the very spot 
where John and James fell asleep, right there. And 
right here is the very spot where I fell asleep. 1 
don't think I should have denied Him if I hadn't 
gone to sleep, but I was overcome. I remember the 
last thing I heard Him say before I fell asleep was, 
' Father, let this cup pass from me if it is Thy will.* 
And when I awoke an angel stood right there where 
you are standing, talking to Him, and I saw 
great drops of blood come from His pores and 
trickle down His cheeks. It wasn't long before Judas 
came to betray Him. And I heard Him say to Judas 
so kindly, ' Betrayest thou the Master with a kiss?* 
And then they bound Him and led Him away. 
That night when He was on trial I denied Him." 
He pictured the whole scene. And the next day 
Peter turned again to Paul and said, "Wouldn't you 
like to take another walk to-day? " And Paul said 
he would. That day they went to Calvary, and 
when they got on the hill, Peter said, " Here, PauL 
this is the very spot where He died for you and me. 
See that hole right there? That is where His cross 
stood. The believing thief hung there and the un- 
believing thief there on the other side. Mary Mag- 
dalene and Mary His mother stood there, and I 
stood away on the outskirts of the crowd. The night 
before when I denied Him, He looked at me so lov- 
ingly that it broke my heart, and I couldn't bear to 
get near enough to see Him. That was the darkest 
hour of my life. I was in hopes that God would in- 
tercede and take Him from the cross. I kept listen- 
ing and I thought I would hear His voice." And he 
pictured the whole scene, how they drove the spear 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Stnefy. 45 

into His side and put the crown of thorns on His 
brow, and all that took place. 

And the next day Peter turned to Paul again and 
asked him if he wouldn't like to take another walk. 
And Paul said he would. Again they passed down 
the streets of Jerusalem, over the brook Cedron, over 
Mount Olivet, up to Bethphage, and over on to the 
slope near Bethany. All at once Peter stopped and 
said, "Here, Paul, this is the last place where I ever 
saw Him. I never heard Him speak so sweetly as 
He did that day. It was right here He delivered 
His last message to us, and all at once I noticed that 
His feet didn't touch the ground. He arose and 
went up. All at once there came a cloud and 
received Him out of sight. I stood right here gaz- 
ing up into the heavens, in hopes I might see Him 
again and hear Plim speak. And two men dressed 
in white dropped down by our sides and stood there 
and said, 'Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing 
into heaven? This same Jesus which is taken up 
from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner 
as ye have seen Him. go into heaven.*" 

My friends, I want to ask you this question : Do 
you believe that picture is overdrawn ? Do you be- 
lieve Peter had Paul as his guest and didn't take him 
to Gethsemane, didn't take him to Calvary and to 
Mount Olivet ? I myself spent eight days in Jeru- 
salem, and every morning I wanted to steal down 
into the garden where my Lord sweat great drops of 
blood. Every day I climbed Mount Olivet and 
looked up into the blue sky where He went to His 
Father. I have no doubt Peter took Paul out on 
those three walks. If there had been a man that 


46 Text Preaching and Expository Preaching. 

could have taken me to the very spot where u.y 
Master sweat those great drops of blood, do you 
think I wouldn't have asked him to take me there ? 
If he could have told me where I could find the spot 
where my Master's feet last touched this sin-cursed 
earth and was taken up, do you think I wouldn't 
have had him show it to me ? 


I know there is a class of people who say that 
kind of preaching won't do in this country. 
" People want something oratorical." Well, there is 
no doubt but that there are some who want to hear 
oratorical sermons, but they forget them inside of 
twenty-four hours. 

It a good thing for a minister to have the repu- 
tation of feeding his people. A man once made 
an artificial bee, which was so like C- real bee that 
he challenged another man to tell the difference. 
It made just such a buzzing as the live bee, and 
looked the-same. The other said, "You put an arti- 
ficial bee and a real bee down there, and I v/ih 
tell you the difference pretty quickly." He then 
put a drop of honey on the ground and the live bee 
went for the honey. It is just so with us. There are 
a lot of people who profess to be Christians, but they 
are artificial, and they don't know when you give 
them honey. The real bees go for honey every 
time. People can get along without your theories 
and opinions.- " Thus saith the Lord" — that is what 
we want, 


Reading and Studying—At Family Prayers — A Word 
ill Season — Help fid Questions. 

MERELY reading the Bible is not what God 
wants. Again and again I am exhorted tc 

"These were more noble than those in Thessa- 
lonica, in that they received the word with all readi- 
ness of mind, and searched the Scriptures daily, 
whether those things were so." 

" So they read in the book in the law of God dis- 
tinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to 
understand the reading." 

We must study it thoroughly, and hunt it through, 
as it were, for some great truth. If a friend were to 
see me searching about a building, and were to 
come up and say, " Moody, what are you looking 
for? have you lost something?" and I answered, 
" No, I haven't lost anything; I'm not looking loi 
anything particular," I fancy he would just let me go 
on by myself, and think me very foolish. But if 1 
were to say, "Yes, I have lost a dollar," why, then, I 
might expect him to help me to find it. Read the 
Bible, my friend^, as if you were seeking for somer 
thing of value. It is a good deal better to .take a 
sjngle chapter, and apend a month oa it,, than to. read 
the Bible at random for.a. month. • 

4€ Reading and Studying. 

I used at one time to read so many chapters a day, 
and if I did not get through my usual quantity 1 
thought I was getting cold and backsliding. But, 
mind you, if a man had asked me two hours after- 
ward what I had read, I could not tell him; I had 
forgotten it nearly all. When I was a boy I used, 
among other things, to hoe corn on a farm; and I 
used to hoe it so badly, in order to get over so much 
ground, that at night I had to put down a stick in 
the ground, so as to know next morning where I had 
left off. That was somewhat in the same fashion as 
running through so many chapters every day. A 
man will say, "Wife, did I read that chapter?" 
** Well," says she, " I don't remember." And neither 
of them can recollect. And perhaps he reads the 
same chapter over and over again; and they call that 
" studying the Bible." I do not think there is a book- 
in the world we neglect so much as the Bible. 


Now, when you read the Bible at family worship 
or for private devotions, look for suitable passages. 
What would you think of a minister who went into 
the pulpit on Sunday and opened the Bible at hazard 
and commenced to read? Yet this is what most men 
do at family prayers. They might as well go into a 
drug store and swallow the first medicine their eye 
happens to see Children would take more interest 
in family prayers if the father would take time to 
search for some passage to suit the special need. 
For instance, if any member of the family is about 
to travel, read Psalm 121. In time of trouble, read 
Psalm 91. When the terrible accident happened to the 
" Spree *' as we were crossing the Atlantic in Novem- 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 49 

ber, 1892, and when none on board ship expected to 
live to see the light of another sun, we held a prayer- 
meeting, at which I read a portion of Psalm 107: 

"They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in 
great waters; 

"These see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the 

"For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which 
lifteth up the waves thereof. 

"They mount up to the heaven, they go down again to the 
depths : their soul is melted because of trouble. 

"They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and 
are at their wits' end. 

"Then they cry unto the Lord in their trouble, and he bring- 
eth them out of their distresses. 

"He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are 

"Then are they glad because they be quiet ; so he bringeth 
them unto their desired haven. 

"Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness and 
for hrs wonderful works to the children of men ! " 

A lady came to me afterwards and said I made it 
up to suit the occasion. 


I have seen questions that will help one to get 
good out of every verse and passage of Scripture* 
They may be used in family worship, or in studying 
the Sabbath School lesson, or for prayer meeting, or 
in private reading. It would be a good thing if 
questions like these were pasted in the front of every 
Bible : 

1. What persons have I read about, and what 
have I learned about them? 

2. What places have I read about, and what have 
I read about them? If the place is not mentioned. 

50 Helpful Questions, 

can I find out where it is? Do I know its position 
on the map? 

3. Dc5s the passage refer to any particular time 
In the history of the children of Israel, or of some 
leading character? 

4. Can I tell from memory what I have just been 

5. Are there any parallel passages or texts that 
throw light on this passage? 

6. Have I read anything about God the Father? 
or about Jesus Christ? or about the Holy Spirit? 

7. What have I read about myself ? about man's 
sinful nature? about the spiritual new nature? 

8. Is there any duty for me to observe? any ex- 
ample to follow? any promise to lay hold of ? any 
exhortation for my guidance? any prayer that 1 
may echo? 

9. How is this Scripture profitable for doctrine? 
for reproof ? for correction ? for instruction in 

10. Does it contain the gospel in type or in evi- 

11. What is the key verse of the chapter or pass- 
age? Can I repeat it from memory? 


How to Study the Bible — Feeding o?te's self^The Best 
Law— Three Books Every Christiafi Should Possess 
— The Bible i?t the Sabbath School. 

SOMEONE has said that there are four things 
necessary in studying the Bible: Admit, sub- 
mit, commit and transmit. First, admit its truth; 
second, submit to its teachings; third, commit it to 
memory; and fourth, transmit it. If the Christian 
life is a good thing for you, pass it on to some one 

Now I want to tell you how I study the Bible. 
Everyman cannot. fight in Saul's armor; and per- 
haps you cannot follow my methods. Still I may be 
able to throw out some suggestions that will help 
you. Spurgeon used to prepare his sermon for Sun- 
day morning on Saturday night. If I tried that, I 
would fail. 


The quicker you learn to feed yourself the better. 
I pity down deep in my heart any men or women 
who have been attending some church or chapel for, 
say five, ten, or twenty years, and yet have not 
learned to feed themselves. 

You know it is always regarded a great event in 
the family when a child can feed itself. It is 
propped up at table, and at first perhaps it uses the 
spoon upside down, but by and by it uses it all right, 

52 How to Study the BtbU. 

and mother, or perhaps sister, claps her hands and 
says, " Just see, baby's feeding himself! " Well, 
what we need as Christians is to be able to feed 
ourselves. How many theie are who sit helpless 
and listless, with open mouths, hungry for spiritual 
things, and the minister has to try to feed them, 
while the Bible is a feast prepared, into which they 
never venture. 

There are many who have been Christians for 
twenty years who have still to be fed with an eccles- 
iastical spoon. If they happen to have a minister 
who feeds them, they get on pretty well; but if they 
have not, they are not fed at all. This is the test as 
to your being a true child of God — whether you love 
and feed upon the Word of God. If you go out to 
your garden and throw down some sawdust, the birds 
will not take any notice; but if you throw down some 
crumbs, you will find they will soon sweep down and 
pick them up. So the true child of God can tell the 
difference, so to speak, between sawdust and bread. 
Many so-called Christians are living on the world's 
sawdust, instead of being nourished by the Bread 
that Cometh down from heaven. Nothing can sat- 
isfy the longings of the soul but the Word of the 
living God. 


The best law for Bible study is the law of perse- 
verance. The Psalmist says, " I have stuck unto thy 
testimonies." Application to the Word will tend to 
its growth within and its multiplication without. 
Some people are like express-trains, they skii. along 
so quickly that they see nothing. 

I met a lawyer in Chicago who told me he had 

PUasurg and Profit in Bible Study. ^3 

Spent two years in studying up one subject; he was 
trying to smash a will. He made it his business to 
read everything on wills he could get. Then he went 
into court and he talked two days about that will; he 
was full of it; he could not talk about anything else 
but wills. That is the way with the Bible — study it 
and study it, one subject at a time, until you become 
filled with it. 

Read the Bible itself — do not spend all your time 
on commentaries and helps. If a man spent all his 
time reading up the chemical constituents of bread 
and milk, he would soon starve. 


There are three books which I think every Chris- 
tian ought to possess. 

The first, of course, is the Bible. I believe in get- 
ting a good Bible, with a good plain print. I have 
not much love for those little Bibles which you have 
to hold right under your nose in order to read the 
print; and if the church happens to be a little dark, 
you cannot see the print, but it becomes a mere 
jumble of words. Yes, but some one will say you 
cannot carry a big Bible in your pocket. Very well, 
then, carry it under your arm; and if you have to 
walk five miles, you will just be preaching a sermon 
five miles long. I have known a man convicted by 
seeing another carrying his Bible under his arm. 
You are not ashamed to carry hymn-books and 
prayer-books, and the Bible is worth all the hymn- 
books and prayer-books in the world put together, 
If you get a good Bible you are likely to take better 
care of it. Suppose you pay ten dollars for a good 
Bible, the older you grow the more precious it will be- 

54 Three Books Required. 

come to you. But be sure you do not get one so good 
that you will be afraid to mark it. I don't like gilt- 
edged Bibles that look as if they had never been 

Then next I would advise you to get a Cruden's 
Concordance. I was a Christian about five years 
before I ever heard of it. A skeptic in Boston got 
hold of me. I didn't know anything about the Bible 
and I tried to defend the Bible and Christianity. He 
made a misquotation and I said it wasn't in the Bible.- 
I hunted for days and days. If I had had a concor- 
dance I could have found it at once. It is a good 
thing for ministers once in a while to tell the people 
about a good book. You can find any portion 
or any verse in the Bible by just turning to this con- 

Thirdly, a Topical Text Book. These books will 
help you to study the Word of God with profit. If 
you do not possess them, get them at once; every 
Christian ought to have them.* 


I think Sunday school teachers are making a woe* 
ful mistake if they don't take the whole Bible into 
their Sunday school classes. I don't care how young 
children are, let them understand it is one book, 
that there are not two books — the Old Testament 
and the New are all one. Don't let them think that 
the Old Testament doesn't come to us with the same 

*The New Topical Text Book. An aid to topical study of the Bible. 
Cloth, 25 cents ; by mail, 30 cents. 

The Bible Text Cyclopedia, a complete classification of Scriptnre texts 
in the form of an alphabetical list of subjects by Rev. James Inglis. Larg* 
8 vo. cloth, $1.75. 

Both <«0ued by the publisfiers of this volume. 

Pie amy e and Profit in Bible StuJy, 55 

authority as the New. It is a great thing for a boy 
or girl to know how to handle the Bible. What is 
an army good for if they don't know how to handle 
their swords? I speak very strongly on this, because 
I know some Sabbath schools that don't have a 
single Bible in them. They have question books. 
There are questions and the answers are given just 
below; so that you don't need to study your lesson. 
They are splendid things for lazy teachers to bring 
along into their classes. I have seen them come into 
the class with a question book, and sometimes they 
get it wiong side up while they are talking to the 
class, until they find out their mistake, and then they 
begin over again. I have seen an examination take 
place something like this: 

''John, who was the first man?" 

" Methuselah." 

" No; I think not; let me see. No, it is not Me- 
thuselah. Can't you guess again?" 

" Elijah." 

" No." 

" Adam." 

" That's right, my son; you must have studied your 
lesson hard." 

Now, I would like to know what a boy is going to 
do with that kind of a teacher, or with that kind of 
teaching. That is the kind of teaching that is worth- 
less, and brings no result. Now, don't say that I 
condemn helps. I believe in availing yourself of all 
the light you can get. What I want you to do, when 
you come into your classes, is to come prepared to 
explain the lesson without the use of a concordance. 
Bring the word of God with you; bring the old Book. 

56 Sunday Scho,^! Quarterlies and i he Bible. 

You will often find families where there is a family 
Bible, but the mother is so afraid that the children 
will tear it that she keeps it in the spare room, and 
once in a great while the children are allowed to 
look at it. The thing that interests them most is the 
family record — when John was born, when father and 
mother were married. 

I came up to Boston from the country and 
went into a Bible class where there were a few Har- 
vard students. They handed me a Bible and told me 
the lesson was in John. I hunted all through the 
Old Testament for John, but couldn't find it. I saw 
the fellows hunching one another, ** Ah, greenie 
from the country." Now, you know that is just the 
time when you don't want to be considered green. 
The teacher saw my embarrassment and handed me 
his Bible, and I put my thumb in the place and held 
on. I didn't lose my place. I said then that if I 
ever got out of that scrape, I would never be caught 
there again. Why is it that so many young men 
from eighteen to twenty cannot be brought into a 
Bible class? Because they don't want to show their 
ignorance. There is no place in the world that is so 
fascinating as a live Bible class. I believe that we 
are to blame that they have been brought up in the 
Sunday school without Bibles and brought up with 
quarterlies. The result is, the boys are growing 
up without knowing how to handle the Bible. They 
don't know where Matthew is, they don't know 
where the Epistle to the Ephesians is, they don't 
know where to find Hebrews or any of the different 
books of the Bible. They ought to be taught how to 
handle the whole Bible, and it can be done by Sun* 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. $7 

day school teachers taking the Bible into the class 
and going right about it at once. You can get a 
Bible in this country for almost a song now. 
Sunday schools are not so poor that they cannot get 
Bibles. Some time ago there came up in a large 
Bible class a question, and they thought they would 
refer to the Bible, but they found that there was not 
a single one in the class. A Bible class without ? 
Bible! It would be like a doctor without physic; or 
an army without weapons. So they went to the 
pews, but could not find one there. Finally they 
went to the pulpit and took the pulpit Bible and 
settled the question. We are making wonderful 
progress, aren't we ? Quarterlies are all right in their 
places, as helps in studying the lesson, but if they 
are going to sweep the Bibles out of our Sunday 
schools, I think we had better sweep them out. 


The Telescopic and Microscopic Methods— ^Job — Th& 
Four Gospels — Acts — Psalm §2:1. 

THERE are two opposite ways to study the Bible. 
One is to study it with a telescope, taking a 
grand sweep of a whole book and trying to find out 
God's plan in it; the other, with a microscope, tak- 
ing up a verse at a time, dissecting it, analyzing it. 
If you take Genesis, it is the seed-plant of the 
whole Bible; it tells us of Life, Death, Restirrection; 
it involves all the rest of the Bible. 


An Englishman once remarked to me: "Mr 
Moody, did you ever notice this, that the book of 
Job is the key to the whole Bible? If you under- 
stand Job you will understand the entire Bible!" 
"No," I said, "I don't comprehend that. Job the key 
to the whole Bible! How do make that out?" He 
said: "I divide Job into seven heads. The first 
head is: A perfect ma?i untried. That is what God 
said about Job; that is Adam in Eden. He was per- 
fect when God put him there. The second head is: 
Tried by adversity. Job fell, as Adam fell in Eden. 
The third head is: The wisdom of the world. The 
world tried to restore Job; the three wise men came 
to help him. That was the wisdom of the world 
centred in those three men. You can not," said he, 
**find any such eloquent language or wisdom any- 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible: Study. $^ 

where, in any part of the world, as those three men 
displayed, but they did not know anything about 
grace, and could not, therefore, help Job." That is 
just what men are trying to do; and the result is 
that they fail; the wisdom of man never made man 
any better. These three men did not help Job; they 
made him more unhappy. Some one has said the 
first man took him, and gave him a good pull; then 
the second and third did the same; the three of them 
had three good pulls at Job, and then flat down they 
fell. "Then in the fourth place," said he, "in comes 
the Daysman, that is Christ. In the fifth place, God 
speaks; and in the sixth, ^i?*^ learjis his lesson. *I 
have heard of Thee by the hearing of the ear; but 
now mine eye seeth Thee. Wherefore I abhor my- 
self, and repent in dust and ashes.' And then down- 
came Job flat on the dunghill. The seventh head is 
this, that God restores him." Thank God, it is so 
with us, and'our last state is better than our first. 

A friend of mine said to mc: "Look here, Moody, 
God gave to Job double of everything." He would 
not admit that Job had lost his children; God 
had taken them to heaven, and He gave Job ten 
more. So Job had ten in Heaven, and ten on earth 
— a goodly family. So when our children are taken 
from us, they are not lost to us, but merely gone be- 

Now, let me take you through the four Gospels, 
Let us begin with Matthew. 


Men sometimes tell me when I go into a town; 
"You want to be sure and get such a man on 
y<»ur committee, for he has nothing to do and h« 

6o Matthew. 

will have plenty of time." I say: *'No, thank you 
I do not want any man that has nothing to do." 
Christ found Matthew sitting at the receipt of cus- 
tom. The Lord took some one He found at work, 
and he went right on working. We do not know 
much about what he did, except that he wrote this 
Gospel. But, what a book! Where Matthew came 
from we do not know, and where he went to we do 
not know. His old name, Levi, dropped with his 
old life. 

The Key. The Messiah of the Jews and the 
Saviour of the world. Supposed to have been writ- 
:en about twelve years after the death of Christ, and 
to be the first Gospel written. It contains the best ac- 
count of the life of Christ. You notice that it is the 
last message of God to the Jewish nation. Here we 
pass from the old to the new dispensation. 

Matthew does not speak of Christ's ascension, but 
leaves Him on earth. 

Mark gives His resurrection and ascension. 

Luke gives His resurrection, ascension and the 
promise of a comforter. 

John goes a step further and says he is coming 

There are more quotations in Matthew than in any 
of the others; I think there are about a hundred. 
He is trying to convince the Jews that Jesus was the 
son of David, the rightful king. He talked a good 
deal about the kingdom, its mysteries, the example of 
the kingdom, healing the sick, etc., the principles of 
the kingdom as set forth in the sermon on the 
mount; also, the rejection of the king. When anyone 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, M 

takes a kingdom they lay down the principles upon 
which they are going to rule or conduct it. 

Now, let me call your attention to five great ser- 
mons. In these you have a good sweep of the 
whole book: 

I. The sermon on the mount. See how many 
things lying all around Him He brings into His ser- 
mon, salt, light, candle, coat, rain, closet, moth, rust, 
thieves, eye> fowls, lilies, grass, dogs, bread, fish, 
gate, grapes, thorns, figs, thistles, rock, etc. 

Someone, in traveling through Palestine, said that 
he did not think there was a solitary thing there that 
Christ did not use as an illustration. So many peo- 
ple in these days are afraid to use common things, 
but don't you think it is better to use things that 
people can understand, than to talk so that people 
can't understand you? Now, a woman can easily 
understand a candle, and a man can easily under- 
stand about a rock, especially in a rocky country like 
Palestine. Christ used common things as illustra- 
tions, and spoke so that everyone could understand 
Him. A woman in Wales once said she knew Christ 
was Welsh, and an Englishman said, "No, He was 
a Jew." She declared that she knew He was Welsh, 
because He spoke so that she could understand 
Him. Christ did not have a shorthand reporter to 
go around with Him to WTite out and print His ser- 
mons, and yet the people remembered them. Never 
mind about finished sentences and rounded periods, 
but give your tv *^ention to making your sermons 
clear so that they 'Ul stick. Use bait that your 
hearers will like. 

The Law was given on a mountain, and here Christ 

$2 Matthew, 

lays down His principles on a mountain. The 
.*aw of Moses applies to the outward acts, but this 
sermon applies to the inward life. As the sun is 
"brighter than a candle, so the sermon on the mount 
is brighter than the law of Moses. It tells us what 
kind of Christians we ought to be — lights in the 
world, the salt of the world, silent in our actions but 
great in effect. 

"I say unto you," occurs twelve times in this 

2. The second great sermon was delivered to the 
twelve in the tenth chapter. You find over and over 
again the sayings in this sermon are quoted by men 
viz.: "Shake off the dust off your feet against them." 
"Freely ye have received, freely give," etc. 
• 3. The open air sermon. You want the best kind 
of preaching on the street. You have to put what 
you say in a bright, crisp way, if you expect people 
to listen. 

You must learn to think on your feet. There was 
a young man preaching on the streets in London 
when an infidel came up and said: "The man who 
invented gas did more for the world than Jesus 
Christ." The young man could not answer him and 
the crowd had the laugh on him. But another man 
got up and said: "Of course the man has a right to 
his opinion, and I suppose if he was dying he would 
send for the gasfitter, but I think I should send for 
a minister and have him read the fourteenth chapter 
of John;" and he turned the laugh back on the man. 

This sermon contains seven parables. It is like a 
string of pearls. 

4. The sermon of woes; Christ's last appeal to 

Pleasure and j^rofit in Bible Study. 63 

the Jewish nation. Compare these eight woes with 
the nine beatitudes. You notice the closing up of 
this sermon on woes is the most pathetic utterance 
in the whole ministry of Christ. "F<?;^r house is left 
unto you desolate." Up to that time it had been 
'My Fathers house," or ''My house," but now it is 
your house." It was not long until Titus came and 
leveled it to the ground. Abraham never loved 
Isaac more than Jesus loved the Jewish nation. It 
was hard for Abraham to give up Isaac, but harder 
for the Son of God to give up Jerusalem. 

5. The fifth sermon was preached to His disci- 
ples. How little did they understand Him! When 
His heart was breaking with sorrow, they drew His 
attention to the buildings of the temple. 

The first sermon was given on the mount; the sec- 
ond and third at Capernaum; the fourth in the Tem- 
ple; the fifth on Olivet. 

In Matthew's Gospel there is not a thing in hell, 
heaven, earth, sea, air or grave that does not testify 
of Christ as the Son of God. Devils cried out, fish 
entered the nets under His influence, wind and wave 
obeyed Him. 

Summary: — Nine beatitudes; eight woes; seven 
consecutive parables; ten consecutive miracles; five 
continuous sermons; four prophecies of His death. 


The four Gospels are independent of each other, 
no one was copied from the other. Each is the 
complement of the rest, and we get four views oj 
Christ, like the i^-'ir sides of a house. 

Matthew writes foi Jews. 

Mark writes for Romans 

64 Mark, 

Luke writes for Gentile converts. 

You don*t find any long sermons in Mark. The 
Romans were quick and activ^e, and he had to con- 
dense things in order to catch them. You'll find the 
words "Forthwith," "Straightway," "Immediately," 
occur forty-one times in this gop'sel. Every chapter 
but the first, seventh, eighth and fourteenth begins 
with "And," as if there was no pause in Christ's min- 

Luke tells us that Christ received little children, 
but Mark says He took them up in His arms. That 
makes it sweeter to you, doesn't it? 

Perhaps the high water mark is the fifth chapter. 
Here we find three very bad cases, devils, disease 
and death, beyond the reach of man, cured by 
Christ. The first man was possessed with devils. 
They could not bind him, or chain or tame him. I 
suppose a good many men and women had been 
scared by that man. People are afraid of a grave- 
yard even in daylight, but think of a live man being 
in the tombs and possessed with devils! He said: 
"What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the 
most high God? I adjure thee by God that thou 
torment me not." But Jesus had come to do him 

Next, the woman with the issue of blood. If she 
had been living to-day, I suppose she would have 
tried every patent medicine in the market. We 
would have declared her a hopeless case and sent 
her to the hospital. Some one has said: "There 
was more medicine in the hem of His garment than 
in all the apothecary shops in Palestine." She just 
touched Him and was made whole. Hundreds of 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 65 

Others touched Huii, but they did not get anything^ 
Can you tell the difference between the touch 01 
faith and the ordinary touch of the crowd? 

Thirdly, Jarius' daughter raised. You see the 
manifestation of Jesus' power is increasing, for when 
He arrived the child was dead and He brought her 
to life. I do not doubt but that away back in the 
secret councils of eternity it was appointed that He 
should be there just at that time. I remember once 
being called to preach a funeral sermon, and I 
looked the four gospels through to find one of 
Christ's funeral sermons, but do you know He nevxr 
preached one? He broke up every funeral He ev'er 
attended. The dead awaked when they heard His 


We now come to Luke's gospel. You notice hi? 
name does not occur in this book or in Acts. (You 
will find it used three times, viz.; in Colossians, Tim- 
othy and Philemon). He keeps himself in the back- 
ground. I meet numbers of Christian workers who 
are ruined by getting their names up. We do not 
know whether Luke was a Jew or a Gentile. 

The first we see of him is in Acts 16: 10. "And 
after he had seen the vision, immediately ivc en- 
deavored to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering 
that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel 
unto them." He did not claim to be an eye-witness 
to Christ's ministr}'' nor one of the seventy. Some 
think he was, but he does not claim it. It is sup- 
posed that his gospel i« of Paul's preaching, the 
same as Mark's was of Peter. It is also called the 
Gospel of the Gentiles, and is supposed to have 

66 Luke, 

been written when Paul was in Rome, about i/ 
years after Christ. One-third of this gospel is left 
out in the other gospels. It opens with a note of 
praise: ** And thou shalt have joy and gladness; 
and many shall rejoice at His birth;" "And they 
worshipped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with 
great joy. And were continually in the temple, 
praising and blessing God;" and closes the same 

Canon Farrar has pointed out that we have a seven- 
fold gospel in Luke: 

I. It is a gospel of praise and song. We find here 
the songs of Zacharias, Elizabeth, Mary, Simeon, 
the angels, and others. Some one has written beauti- 
fully of Simeon as follows: ** What Simeon wanted 
to see was the Lord's Christ. Unbelief would sug- 
gest to him, ' Simeon you are an old man, your day 
is almost ended, the snow of age is upon your head, 
your eyes are growing dim, your brow is wrinkled, 
your limbs totter, and death is almost upon you: 
and where are the signs of His coming? You are 
resting, Simeon, upon imagination — it is all a de- 
lusion.' * No,* replied Simeon, * I shall not see 
death till I have seen the Lord's Christ; I shall see 
Him before I die.* I can imagine Simeon walking 
out one fine morning along one of the lovely vales 
of Palestine, meditating upon the great subject that 
filled his mind. Presently he meets a friend. Teace 
be with you; have you heard the strange news?" 
•What news?* replies Simeon. 'Do you not know 
Zacharias . the priest?' 'Yes, well.*. 'According 
to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to 
burn incense in the temple of the Lord, and the 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible SUufy., 6f 

whole multitude of the people were praying without. 
It was the time of incense, and there appeared unto 
him an angel, standing on the right side of the altar, 
who told him that he should have a son, whose name 
should be called John; one who should be great in 
the sight of the Lord, who should go before the 
Messiah and make ready a people prepared for the 
Lord. The angel was Gabriel who stands in the 
presence of God, and because Zacharias believed 
not, he was struck dumb.' * Oh,' says Simeon, 
•that fulfills the prophecy of Malachi. This is the 
forerunner of the Messiah: this is the morning star: 
the day dawn is not for off : the Messiah is nigh at 
hand. Hallelujah! The Lord shall suddenly come 
to His temple !' Time rolls on. I can imagine 
Simeon accosted again by one of his neighbors: 

* Well, Simeon, have you heard the newsr' 'What 
news?* 'Why there's a singular story in every- 
body's mouth. A company of shepherds were watch- 
ing their flocks by night on the plains of Bethlehem. 
It was the still hour of night, and darkness mantled 
the world. Suddenly a bright light shone around 
the shepherds, a light above the brightness of the 
midday sun. They looked up, and just above them 
was an angel who said to the terrified shepherds, 

* Fear not, I bring you glad tidings of great joy,, 
which shall be to all people!' * This is the Lord's 
Christ,' said Simeon, 'and I shall not taste death 
till I have seen him.' .He said to himself, 'They 
will bring the child to the Temple to. present 
Him to the Lord.' 

"Away went Simeon, morning after morning, to see 
if he could get a glimpse of Jesus. Perhaps unbe- 

68 Luke. 

lief suggested to Simeon, 'You had better stop 
at home this wet morning: you have been so often 
and have missed Him: you may venture to be ab- 
sent this once." * No,' said the Spirit, 'go to the 
Temple.' Simeon would no doubt select a good 
point of observation. See how intently he watches 
the door! He surveys the face of every child as one 
mother after another brings her infant to be pre- 
sented. *No,' he says, *That is not He/ At length 
he sees the Virgin appear, and the Spirit tells him 
it is the long-expected Saviour. He grasps the 
child in his arms, presses him to his heart, blesses 
God and says: 'Lord, now lettcst thou Thy ser- 
vant depart in peace, according to Th}' word. I'^or 
mine eyes have seen Thy salvation, which Thou hast 
prepared before the face of all people; A light to 
lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of Thy people 
Israel.' " 

2. It is a gospel of thanksgiving. They glorified 
God when Jesus healed the widow's son at Nain, 
when the blind man received sight, etc. 

3. It is a gospel of prayer. We learn that Christ 
prayed when he was baptised, and nearly every 
great event in His nrJnistry was preceded by prayer. 
If you want to hear from Heaven you must seek it 
on your knees. There are two parables about 
prayer— the friend at midnight and the unjust judge. 

4. Here is another thing that is made prominent, 
namely, the gospel of womanhood. Luke alone re- 
cords many loving things Christ did for women. 
The richest jewel in Christ's crown was what he did 
for women. A man tried to tell me that Mohammed 
had done more for women than Christ. I told 

PUnrSUKt and Brojit in BibU Study. 69 

him that if he had ever been in Mohammedan 
countries, he would be ashamed of himself for mak- 
ing such a remark. They care more for their don- 
keys than they do for their wives and mothers. 

A man once said that when God created life He 
began at the lowest forms of animal life and came 
up until He got to man, then he was not quite satis- 
fied and created a woman. She was lifted up the 
highest, and when she fell, she fell the lowest. 

5. This is the gospel of the poor and humble. 
When I ^^t a crowd of roughs on the street I gener- 
ally teach from Luke. Here are the shepherds, the 
peasant, the incident of the rich man and Lazarus. 
This gospel tells us He found the place where it 
was written, " The Spirit of the Lord is upon me — 
to preach the gospel to the poor." It is a dark day 
for a church when it gets out that they do not want 
the common people. Whitfield labored among the 
miners, and Wesley among the common people. 
If you want the poor, let it get out that you want 
them to come. 

6. It is a gospel to the lost. The woman with the 
seven devils, the thief on the cross illustrate this. 
Also, the parables of the lost sheep, the lost piece of 
silver, and the lost son. 

7. It is a gospel of tolerance. 

'* He that winneth souls is wise." Do you want 
to win men? Do not drive or scold them. Do not 
try to tear down their prejudices before you begin 
to lead them to the truth. Some people think they 
have to tear down the scaffolding before they begin 
on the building. An old minister once invited a 
young brother to preach for him. The latter scold- 

ed the people, and when he got home, asked the old 
minister how he had done. He said he had an old 
cow, and when he wanted a good supply of milk, he 
fed the cow; he did not scold her. 

Christ reached the publicans because nearly every* 
thing he said about them was in their favor. Look at 
the. parable of the Pharisee and publican. Christ said 
the publican went down to his house justified rather 
than that proud Pharisee. How did He reach the 
Samaritans? Take the parable of the ten lepers. 
Only one returned to thank Him for the healing, 
and that was a Samaritan. Then there is the para- 
ble of the Good Samaritan. It has done more to 
stir people up to philanthropy and kindness to the 
poor than anything that has been said on this earth 
for six thousand years. Go into Samaria and you 
find that story has reached there first. Some man 
has been down to Jerusalem and heard it, and gone 
back home and told it all around; and they say " If 
that Prophet ever comes up here, we'll give Him a 
hearty reception." If you want to reach people that 
do not agree w^th you, do not take a club to knock 
them dow^n and then try to pick them up. When 
Jesus Christ dealt with the erring and the sinners, 
He was as tender with them as a mother is with her 
sick child. A child once said to his mother, "Mam- 
ma, you never speak ill of any one. You would 
speak well of Satan." "Well," said the mother, 
"you might imitate his perseverance.'* 


John was supposed to be the youngest disciple, 
and was supposed to be the first of all that Christ 
had to follow Him. He is called the bosom com- 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 71 

panidn of Christ. Someone was complaining of 
Christ's being partial. I have no doubt that Christ 
did love John more than the others, but it was be- 
cause John loved him most. I think John got into 
the inner circle, and we can get in too if we will. 
Christ keeps the door open and we can just go right 
in. You notice nearly all his book is new. All of 
the eight months Christ spent in Judea are recorded 

Matthew begins with Abraham; Mark with Mai- 
achi; Luke with John the Baptist; but John with God 

Matthew sets forth Christ as the Jew's Messiah. 

Mark as the active worker. 

Luke as a man. 

John as a personal Saviour. 

John presents Him as coming from the bosom of 
the Father. The central thought in this gospel is 
proving the divinity of Christ. If I wanted to 
prove to a man that Jesus Christ was divine, I would 
take him directly to this gospel. The word repent 
does not occur once, but the word believe occurs 
ninety-eight times. The controversy that the Jews 
raised about the divinity of Christ is not settled yet, 
and before John went away he took his pen and 
wrote down these things to settle it. 

A seven-fold witness to the divinity of Christ: 

1. Testimony of the Father. "The Father that 
sent me beareth witness of me." 

2. The Son bearing testimony. " Jesus answered 
and said unto them, Though I bear record of my- 
self, yet my record is true; for I know whence I came, 

72 John. 

Jind whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I came, 
and whither I go." 

3. Christ's works testify: " If I do not the works 
of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though 
you believe not me, believe the works, that ye may 
know and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in 

No man can make me believe that Jesus Christ 
was a bad man; because He brought forth good 
fruit. How any one can doubt that He was the Son 
of God after eighteen centuries of testing is a mys- 
tery to me. 

4. The Scriptures: "Had ye believed Moses, ye 
would have believed me, for he wrote of me." 

5. John the Baptist: "And I saw, and bare record 
that this is the Son of God." 

6. The Disciples: "And ye also shall bear witness, 
because ye have been with me from the beginning." 

7. The Holy Ghost: "But when the comforter is 
come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, 
even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the 
Father, he shall testify of me." 

Of course there many others that show His divin- 
ity, but I think these are enough to prove it to any 
man. If I went into court and had seven witnesses 
that could not be broken down, I think I would have 
a good case. 

Notice the " I am's " of Christ. 

" I am from above." 

" I am not of this world." 

" Before Abraham was, I am.' 

" I am the bread of life." 

" I am the light of the world.'' 

Pieasufd ^nU Prjjit in Bibh Study^ 7| 

" I am the door/* 

"I am the Good Shepherd.** 

" I am the way." 

" I am the truth." Pilate asked what truth was, 
and there it was standing right before him. 

" I am the resurrection and the life." 

In the gospel of John, we find eight gifts for the 
believer: the bread of life; the water of life; eternal 
life; the Holy Spirit; love; joy; peace; His words. 


A good lesson to study is how all through the 
book of Acts defeat was turned to victory. When 
the early Christians were persecuted, they went every 
where preaching the Word. That was a victory, and 
so on all through. 

Luke's gospel was taken up with Christ in the 
body, Acts with Christ in the church. In Luke we 
read of what Christ did in His humiliation, and in 
Acts what He did in His exaltation. With most 
men, their work stops at their death, but with Christ 
it had only begun. " Greater works than these shall 
ye do, because I go to My Father." We call this 
book the "Acts of the Apostles," but it is really the 
"Acts of the Church (Christ's body)." 

You will find the key to the book in chapter i:8: 
" But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy 
Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses 
unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in 
Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth." 

We would not have seen the struggles of that in- 
fant church if it had not been for Luke. We would 
not have known much about Paul either if it had not 
been for Luke. 

74 Acts. 

There were four rivers flowing out of Eden; lu-re 
we have the four gospels flowing into one chainiel. 
Three divisions of the Acts: — 

I. Founding of the church. 

II. Growth of the church. 

III. Sending out of missionaries. 

I believe that the nearer we keep to the apostles' 
way of presenting the gospel, the more success we 
will have. 

Now there are ten great sermons in Acts, and I 
think if you get a good hold on these you will have 
a pretty good understanding of the book and how to 
preach. Five were preached by Peter, one by 
Stephen and four by Paul. The phrase, '* We are 
witnesses," runs through the entire book. We say, 
to-day, " W^e are eloquent preachers." We seem to 
be above being simple witnesses. 

I. Peter's sermon on the day of Pentecost. 
Someone said that now it takes about three thousand 
sermons to convert one Jew, but here three thousand 
were converted by one sermon. When Peter testified 
of Christ and bore witness that he had died and had 
risen again, God honored it, and he will do the same 
with you. 

II. Peter preaches in Solomon's porch. A short 
sermon, but it did good work. They did not get 
there till three o'clock, and I believe the Jews could 
not arrest a man after sundown, and yet in that 
short space of time five thousand were converted. 
What did he preach? Listen: 

" But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and 
desired a murderer to be granted unto you; 

"And killed the Prince of Life, whom God hath 

PU^sufg and Profit in BibU Study. '■ 75 

raised from the dead: whereof we are witnesses. 

"Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your 
sins may be blotted out, when the times of refresh- 
ing shall come from the presence of the Lord." 

III. Peter preaches to the high priests. They 
had arrested them and were demanding to know by 
what power they did these things. " By the name 
of Jesus Christ, . . . doth this man stand here 
before you whole." When Bunyan was told he 
would be released if he would not preach any more, 
he said, " If you let me out I will preach to-morrow." 

IV. Peter's testimony before the council. They 
commanded them not to preach in the name of 
Christ. I don't know what they could do if they 
were forbidden that. Some ministers to-day would 
have no trouble; they could get along very well. 
About all the disciples knew was what they had 
learned in those three years with Jesus, hearing His 
sermons and seeing His miracles. They saw the 
things and knew they were so, and when the Holy 
Ghost came down upon them, they could not help 
but speak them. 

V. Stephen's sermon. He preached the longest 
sermon in Acts. Dr. Bonar once said, '*Did you ever 
notice. Brother Whittle, that when the Jews accused 
Stephen of speaking blasphemous w^ords against 
Moses, the Lord lit up his face with the same glory 
with which Moses' face shone? " 

An old Scotch beadle once warned his new minis- 
ter, " You may preach as much as ye like about the 
sins of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, but stick to them 
and don't come any nearer hand if ye want to stay 
here." Stephen began with them, but he came right 

7^ A.U. 

down to the recent cr-ucifixion, and stirred them up. 

VI. Peter's last sermon and the first sermon to 
the Gentiles. Notice the same gospel is preached 
to the Gentiles as to the Jews, and it produces the 
same results. "To him give all the prophets wit- 
ness, that through His name whosoever believeth in 
Him shall receive remission of sins. While Peter 
5pake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all of 
them which heard the word." 

Now the leading character changes and Paul 
comes on. 

VH. Paul's sermon at Antioch, in Pisidia. An 
old acquaintance once said to me, *' What are you 
preaching now? I hope you are not harping on that 
old string yet." Yes, thank God, I am spreading 
the old gospel. If you want to get people to come 
to hear you, lift up Christ; He said, '* I, if I be lifted 
up, will draw all men unto me." ** Be it known unto 
you, therefore, men and brethren, that through this 
man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins." 

VIII. Paul's sermon to the Athenians. He got 
fruit at Athens by preaching the same old gospel to 
the philosophers. 

IX. Paul's sermon at Jerusalem. 

X. Paul's defence before Agrippa. I think that 
is the grandest sermon Paul ever preached. He 
preached the same gospel before Agrippa and 
Festus that he did down in Jerusalem. He preached 
everywhere the mighty fact that God gave Christ as 
a ransom for sin, that the whole world can be saved 
by trusting in Him. 

"Having therefore obtained help of God, I con- 
tinue unto this day, witnessing botb to small and 

Phasure and Profit in Bible Sin^, ff 

great, saying none other things than those which th« 
prophets and Moses did say should come: 

"That Christ should suffer, and that he should be 
the first that should rise from the dead, and should 
shew light unto the people and to the Gentiles." 


Let me show what I mean by the microscopic 
method by taking the first verse of Psalm 52: "Why 
boastest thou thou thyself in iniquity, O mighty man? 
The goodness of God endureth continually." This 
verse naturally falls into tv,o divisions, on the one 
side being — man, on the other — God. Man — mis- 
chief; God — goodness. Is any particular man ad- 
dressed? Yes: Doeg the Edomite, as the preface to 
the psalm suggests. You can therefore find the his- 
toric reference of this verse and Psalm in I. Samuel 
22:9. Now take a concordance or topical text-book, 
and study the subject of "boasting." What words 
mean the same thing as "boasting"? One is glorify- 
ing. Is boasting ahvays condemned? In what does 
Scripture forbid us to boast? In what are we ex- 
horted to boast? 'Thus saith the Lord: Let not the 
wise man glory in his wisdom; let not the rich man 
glory in his riches; but let him that glorieth glory 
in this: that he understandeth and knoweth me, that 
I am the Lord which exercise loving-kindness, judg- 
ment and righteousness in the earth; for in these 
things I delight, saith the Lord." Treat the subject 
** mischief," in a similar manner. Then ask yourself 
is this boasting, this mischief, always to last? No: 
"the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy 
of the hypocrite but for a moment." "I have seen the 
wicked in great power, and spreading himself Uk« t 

TS Acts, 

green bay tree. Yet he passed away, and lo, he was 
not: Yea, I sought him, but he could not be found." 
The other half of the text suggests a study of 
goodness (or mercy) as an attribute of God. How 
is «t manifested temporally and spiritually? What 
Scripture have we for it? Is God's goodness condi- 
tional? Does God's goodness conflict with His jus- 
tice? Now, as the end of Bible-study as well as of 
preaching is to save men, ask yourself is the Gospel 
contained m this text in type or in evidence? Turn 
to Romans 2:4: "Despiseth thou the riches of his 
goodness and forbearance and long suffering: not 
knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repeni- 
ance?" Ilere the verse leads directly to the subject 
of repentance, and you rise from the study of the 
verse ready at any time to preach a short sermon 
♦hat may be the means of converting some one. 


One Book at a Time — Chapter Study — The Gospel of 

I KNOW some men who never sit dov/n to read a 
book until they have time to read the whole of it 
When they come to Leviticus or Numbers, or any of 
the other books, they read it right through at one 
sitting. They get the whole sweep, and then they 
begin to study it chapter by chapter. Dean Stanley 
used to read a book through three separate times *. 
first for the story, second for the thought, and .third 
for the literary style. It is a good thing to take one 
whole book at a time. 

How could you expect td understand a story or a 
scientific text-book if you read one chapter here and 
another there? 

Dr. A. T. Pierson says: Let the introduction cover 
five P's; place where written; person by whom 
written; people to whom written; purpose for which 
written; period at which written. 

Here it is well to grasp the leading points in the 
chapters. The method is illustrated by the follow- 
ing plan by which I tried to interest the students at 
Mt. Hermon school and the NorthfieJd Seminary. It 
provides a way of committing Scripture to memory, 
so that one can call up a passage to meet the demand 
whenever it arises. I said to the students one morn- 
ing at worship: "To-morrow morning when I come 

8o One Booh at a Time. 

I will not read a portion of Scripture, but we v\mi 
take the first chapter of the Gospel of John and you 
shall tell me from memory what you find in that 
chapter and each learn the verse in it that is most 
precious to you." We went through the whole book- 
that way and committed a verse or two to memory^ 
out of each one. 

I will give the main headings we found in the 


Chapter i. The call of the first five disciples. 

It was about four o'clock in the afternoon that 
John stood and said, ** Behold, the Lamb of God." 
Two of John's disciples then followed Jesus, and one 
of them, Andrew, went out and brought his brother 
Simon. Then Jesus found Philip, as he was starting 
for Galilee, and Philip found Nathaniel, the skep- 
tical man. When he got sight of Christ his skeptical 
ideas were all gone. Commit to memory verses ii 
and 12:" He came unto his own and his own received 
him not, but as many as received him, to them gave 
he power to become the sons of God, even to them 
that believe on his name." Key word, Receiving. 

Chapter 2. "Whatsoever He saith unto you, do 
it." We had a good time in this chapter on Obedi- 
ence, which is the key word. 

Chapter 3. This is a chapter on Regeneration. It 
took us more than one day to get through this one. 
This gives ydu a respectable sinner, and how Jesus 
dealt with him. Commit verse 16: "God so loved 
the world, that He gave His only begotten Son that 
whosoever belie veth in Him should not perish, but 
havf evei*lasting life." Key word. Believing. 

Vkasure aud Profit in Bible Study, 8i 

Chapter 4. A disreputable sinner, and how Jesus 
dealt with her. If we had been dealing wuth her, wf 
would have told her what Jesus told Nicodemus,but 
He took her on her own ground. She came for a 
water-pot ot water, and, thank God, she got a whole 
well full. Key word. Worshipping. Memorize 
verse 24: "God is a Spirit; and they that worship 
bim must worship him in spirit and in truth.'* 

Chapter 5. Divinity of Christ. Commit verse 24: 
" Verily, verily, I say unto you. He that heareth my 
word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath ever- 
lasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; 
but is passed from death unto life." Key word, 

Chapter 6. We called that the ^r^^ chapter. If 
you want a good loaf of bread, get into this sixth 
chapter. You feed upon that bread and you will 
live forever. Key verse: Christ the bread of life. 
"I am the living bread which came down from heaven; 
if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; 
and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I 
will give for the life of the world." Key word, Eat- 

Chapter 7 is the water chapter. "If any man thirst 
let him come unto me and drink." You have here 
living water and Christ's invitation to every thirsty 
soul to come to drink. Key word, Drinking. 

Chapter 8. The Z?^^/ chapter. "I am the light of 
the world " Key, Walking in the light. But what 
IS the use of having light if you have no eyes to see 
with, so we go on to 

Chapter 9. The Sight chapter. There was a man 
bom blind and Christ maov him to see. Key word. 

82 The Gospel of John, by Chapters, 

Testifying. Memory verse: "I must work the worki 
of Him that sent me while it is day : the night com- 
eth when no man can work." 

Chapter lO. Here you find the Good Shepherd. 
Commit to memory verse ii : "I am the Good Shep- 
herd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the 
sheep." Key word, Safety. 

Chapter ii. The Lazarus chapter. Memorize 
verse 25 : "I am the resurrection and the life: he 
that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall 
he live." Key word. Resurrection. 

Chapter i2. Verse 32 : " I, if I be lifted up, will 
draw all men unto me." Here Christ closes up his 
ministry to the Jewish nation. Key word, Salvation 
for all. 

Chapter 13. The Humility chapter. Christ wash- 
ing the feet of his disciples. Learn verse 34: "A 
new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one 
another." Key word, Teaching. 

Chapter 14. The Mansion chapter. Commit to 
memory verse 6: " I am the way, the truth, and the 
life : no man cometh unto the Father but by me." 
Key words. Peace and comfort. 

Chapter 15. The Fruit chapter. The vine can 
only bear fruit through the branches. Verse 5: "I 
am the vine; ye are the branches : He that abideth 
in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much 
fruit: for without me you can do nothing." Key 
word, Joy. 

Chapter 16. The promise of the Holy Ghost. 
Here you find the secret of Power, which is the key 

Chapter 17. This chapter contains what is prop* 

PUasure and Profit in Bible Study. 83 

«rly the "Lord's prayer." Learn verse 15: '* I pray 
not that thou shouldst take them out of the world, 
but that thou shouldst keep them from the evil.* 
Key word, Separation. 

Chapter 18. Christ is arrested. 

Chapter 19. Christ is crucified. 

Chapter 20. Christ rises from the dead. 

Chapter 21. Christ spends some time with his dis 
ciples again, and invites them to dine with him. 


Study of Types — Types of Christ— Leprosy a Type of Sin 
Bible Characters — Meaning of Names. 

ANOTHER way of studying is to take five great 
divisions — History, Type, Prophecy, Miracle, 

It is a very interesting thing to study the types of 
the Bible. Get a good book on the subject and you 
will be surprised to find out how interested you will 
become. The Bible is full of patterns and types of 
ourselves. That is a popular objection against the 
Bible — that it tells about the failings of men. We 
should, however, remember that the object of the 
Bible is not to tell how good men are, but how bad 
men can become good. But more especially the 
Bible is full of types of Christ. Types are fore- 
shadowings, and wherever there is a shadow there 
must be substance. As John McNeill says, "If I see 
the shadow of a dog, I know there's a dog around." 
God seems to have chosen this means of teaching 
the Israelites of the promised Messiah. All the laws, 
ceremonies and institutions of the Mosaic dispensa- 
tion point to Christ and His dispensation. The en- 
lightened eyes see Christ in all. For instance, the 
tabernacle was a type of the incarnation of Jesus; 
John 1:14, "and the word was made flesh, and taaer- 
nacled amongst us." The laver typified sanctification 
or purity: Ephesians 5 -.26, "that he might sanctify and 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 65 

cleanse the Church with the washing of water by the 
word." The candlesticks typified Christ as the Light 
of the world. The shewbread typified Christ as 
the Bread of Life. The High Priest was always a 
type of Christ. Christ was called of God, as was 
Aaron; He everliveth to make intercession; He was 
consecrated with an oath, and so on. The Pass- 
over, the Day of Atonement, the Smitten Rock, the 
sacrifices, the City of Refuge, the Brazen Serpent — 
all point to Christ's atoning work. Adam was a 
beautiful type. Think of the two Adams. One in- 
troduced sin and ruin into the world, and the other 
abolished it. So Cain stands as the representative 
natural man, and Abel as the spiritual man. Abel as a 
shepherd is a type of Christ the heav^enly Shepherd. 
There is no more beautiful type of Christ in the Bible 
than Joseph. He was hated of his brethren; he was 
stripped of his coat; he was sold; he was imprisoned; 
he gained favor; he had a gold chain about his neck; 
every knee bowed before him. A comparison of the 
lives of Joseph and Jesus shows a startling similarity 
in their experience. 

The disease of leprosy is a type of sin. It is in- 
curable by man; it works baneful results; it is insid- 
ious in its nature, and from a small beginning works 
complete ruin; it separates its victims from their fel- 
low-men, just as sin separates a man from God; and 
as Christ had power to cleanse the leper, so by the 
grace of God His blood cleanseth us from all in- 

Adam represents man's innate sinfulness. 

Abel represents Atonement. 

Enoch represents communion. 

86 Bible Characters. 

Noah represents Regeneration. 

Abraham represents Faith. 

Isaac represents Sonship. 

Jacob represents Discipline and Service. 

Joseph represents Glory through suffering. 


Another good way is to study Bible characters-^ 
take them right from the cradle to the grave. You 
find that skeptics often take one particular part of a 
man's life — say, of the life of Jacob or of David — 
and judge the whole by that. They say these men 
were queer saints; and yet God did not punish them. 
If you go right through these men's lives you will 
find that God did punish them, according to the sins 
they committed. 

A lady once said to me that she had trouble in 
reading the Bible, that she seemed to not feel the 
interest she ought. If you don't keep up your inter- 
est in one way, try another. Never think you have to 
''ead the Bible by courses. 


Another interesting study is the meaning of proper 
names. I need hardly remark that every name in 
the Bible, especially Hebrew names, has a meaning 
of its own. Notice the difference between Abram 
(a high father), and Abraham (father of a multi- 
tude), and you have a key to his life. Another ex- 
ample is Jacob (supplanter), and Israel (Prince of 
God). The names of Job's three daughters were 
Jemima (a dove), Kezia (cassia), and Keren-hap- 
puch (horn of paint). These names signify beauty; 
50 that Job's leprosy left no taint 


Study of Subjects — Love — Sa?ictificatio7i — Faith— Justi- 
fication — Atonement — Conversion — Heaven — Revi- 
vals — Separation — Grace — Prayer — Assurance — 
God's Promises. 


FIND some people now and then who boast that 
they have read the Bible through in so many 
months. Others read the Bible chapter by chapter,and 
get through it in a year; but I think it would be almost 
better to spend a year over one book. If I were 
going into a court of justice, and wanted to carry the 
\ jury with me, I should get every witness I could to 
testify to the one point on which I wanted to con- 
vince the jury. I would not get them to testify to 
everything, but just to that one thing. And so it 
should be with the Scriptures. 

I took up that word ^^Love'' and I do not know 
Viow many weeks I spent in studying the passages 
in which it occurs, till at last I could not help loving 
people. I had been feeding so long on Love that I 
was anxious to do everybody good I came in contact 

Take Sanctification. I would rather take my con- 
cordance and gather passages on sanctification and 
sit down for four or five days and study them than 
have men tell me about it. 

r suppose that if all the time that I have prayed 
for Faith was put together, it would be months. I 

88 Study of Subjects. 

used to say when I was President of the Young 
Men's Christian Association in Chicago, " What we 
want is faith; if we only have faith, we can turn Chi- 
cago upside down" — or rather, right side up. I 
thought that some day faith was going to come 
down, and strike me like lightning. But faith did 
not seem to come. One day I read in the tenth 
chapter of Romans, "Now faith comes by hearing, 
and hearing by the Word of God." I had closed my 
Bible, and prayed for faith. I now opened my Bible, 
and began to study, and faith has been growing ever 

Take the doctrine that made Martin Luther such a 
power. Justification — "The just shall live by faith." 
When that thought flashed through Martin Luther's 
mind as he was ascending the Scala Santa on his 
knees (although some people deny the truth of this 
statement), he rose and went forth to be a power 
among the nations of the earth. Justification puts 
a man before God as if he had never sinned; he 
stands before God like Jesus Christ. Thank God, in 
Jesus Christ we can be perfect, but there is no per- 
fection out of Him. God looks in His ledger, and 
says, " Moody, your debts have all been paid by 
Another; there is nothing against you." 

In New England there is perhaps no doctrine as^ 
sailed so much as the Atoneme?it. The Atonement is 
foreshadowed in the garden of Eden ; there is the 
innocent suffering for the guilty, the animals slain 
for Adam's sin. We find it in Abraham's day, in 
Moses* day; all through the books of Moses and the 
prophets. Look at the fifty-third of Isaiah, and 
at the prophecy of Daniel, Then we come into 

Pleasure and Profit in BibU Study, I9 

the Gospels, and Christ says, "I lay down My life 
chat I might take it again. No man taketh it from 
Me, but I lay it down of Myself." 


People talk about Co?iversio?i — what is conversion? 
The best way to find out is from the Bible. A good 
many don't believe in sudden conversions. You can 
die in a moment. Can't you receive life in a 

When Mr. Sankey and myself were in one place in 
Europe a man preached a sermon against the perni- 
cious doctrines that we were going to preach, one of 
which was sudden conversion. He said conversion 
was a matter of time and growth. Do you know 
what I do when any man preaches against the doc- 
trines I preach? I go to the Bible and find out what 
it says, and if I am right I give them more of the 
same kind. I preached more on sudden conversion 
in that town than in any town I was in in my life. I 
would like to know how long it took the Lord to 
convert Zaccheus? How long did it take the Lord 
to convert that woman whom He met at the well of 
Sychar? How long to convert that adulterous 
woman in the temple, who was caught in the very 
act of adultery? How long to convert that woman 
who anointed His feet and wiped them with the 
hairs of her head? Didn't she go with the word of 
God ringing in her ears, "Go in peace"? 

There was no sign of Zaccheus being converted 
when he went up that sycamore tree, and he was 
converted when he came down, so he must have been 
converted between the branch and the ground. 
Pretty sudden work, wasn't it? But you say, ''That 

9^ Conversion. 

is because Christ was there." Friends, they were con 
verted a good deal faster after He went away than 
when He was here. Peter preached, and three thou- 
sand were converted in one day. Another time, 
after three o'clock in the afternoon, Peter and John 
healed a man at the gate of the Temple, and then 
went in and preached, and five thousand were added 
to the church before night, and Jews at that. That 
was rather sudden work. Professor Drummond de- 
scribes a man going into one of our after-meetings 
and saying he wants to become a Christian. "Well, 
my friend, what is the trouble?" He doesn't like to 
tell. He is greatly agitated. Finally he says, "The 
fact is, I have overdrawn my account" — a polite way 
of saying he has been stealing. "Did you take your 
employer's money?" "Yes." "How much?" "1 
don't know. I never kept account of it." "Well, 
you have an idea you stole ^1,500 last year? " "I 
am afraid it is that much." "Now, look here, sir, I 
don't believe in sudden work; don't you steal more 
than a thousand dollars this next year, and the next 
year not more than five hundred, and in the course 
of the next few years you will get so that you won't 
steal any. If your employer catches you, tell him 
you are being converted; and you will get so that 
you won't steal any by and by." My friends, the 
thing is a perfect farce. "Let him that stole, steal 
no more," that is what the Bible says. It is right 
about face. 

Take another illustration. Here comes a man and 
he admits that he gets drunk every week. That 
man comes to a meeting and he wants to be convert- 
ed. I say, "Don't you be in a hurry. I believe in do* 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. gi 

ing the work gradually. Don't you get drunk and 
knock your wife down more than once a month." 
Wouldn't it be refreshing to your wife to go a whole 
month without being knocked down? Once a 
month, only twelve times in a year! Wouldn't she 
be glad to have you converted in this new way! 
Only get drunk after a few years on the anniversary 
of your wedding, and at Christmas; and then it will 
be effective because it is gradual. Oh! I detest all 
that kind of teaching. Let us go to the Bible and 
see what that old Book teaches. Let us believe it, 
and go and act as if we believed it, too. Salvation 
is instantaneous. I admit that a man may be con- 
verted so that he can not tell when he crossed the 
line between death and life, but I also believe a man 
may be a thief one moment and a saint the next. I 
believe a man may be as vile as hell itself one mo- 
ment, and be saved the next. 

Christian growth is gradual, just as physical 
growth is; but a man passes from death unto ever- 
lasting life quick as an act of the mind — "He that 
believeth on the Son hath everlasting life." 

People say they want to become heavenly-minded. 
Well, read about heaven and talk about it. I once 
preached on " Heaven," and after the meeting a lady 
came to me and said, "Why, Mr. Moody, I didn't 
know there were so many verses in the Bible about 
heaven." And I hadn't taken one out of a hundred. 
She was amazed that there was so much in the Bible 
about heaven. 

When you arc away from home, how you look for 
news! Vou skip cverytliing in the daily paper until 
your eye catches the name of your own town or 

91 Study of Subjects. 

country. Now the Christian's home is in heaven. 
The Scriptures contain our title-deeds to everything 
we shall be worth when we die. If a will has your 
name in it, it is no longer a dry document. Why, 
then, do not Christians take more interest in the 

Then, again, people say th-y don't believe in re- 
rivals. There's not a denomination in the world that 
didn't spring from a revival. There are the Catholic 
and Episcopal churches claiming to be the apostolic 
churches and to have sprung from Pentecost; the 
Lutheran from Martin Luther, and so on. They all 
sprung out of reviv^als, and yet people talk against 
revivals! I'd as soon talk against my mother as 
against a revival. Wasn't the country revived under 
John the Baptist? Wasn't it under Christ's teach- 
ings? People think that because a number of super- 
ficial cases of conversion occur at revivals that there- 
fore revivals ought to be avoided. They forget the 
parable of the sower, where Jesus himself warns us 
of emotional hearers, who receive the word with joy, 
but soon fall away. If only one out of every four 
hearers is truly converted, as in the parable, the re- 
vival has done good. 

Suppose you spend a month on Regeneration^ or 
The Kingdom of God, or The Church in the New Tes- 
tament, or the divinity of Christ or the attributes of 
God. It will help you in your own spiritual life, and 
you will become a workman who need not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. 

Make a study of the Holy Spirit. There are proba- 
bly five hundred passages on the Holy Spirit, and 
what you want is to study this subject for yourself. 

^kasure and Profit in Bible Study 93 

Take the Return of our Lord. I know it Is a contro- 
verted subject. Some say He is to come at the end 
of the Millennium, others say this side of the Millen- 
nium. What we want is to know what the Bible says. 
Why not go to the Bible and study it up for yourself ; 
it will be worth more to you than anything you get 
from anyone else. Then Separation. I believe that 
a Christian man should lead a separated life. The 
line between the church and the world is almost ob- 
literated to-day. I have no sympathy with the idea 
that you must hunt up an old musty church record 
in order to find out whether a man is a member of 
the church or not. A man ought to live so that 
everybody will know he is a Christian. The Bible 
tells us to lead a separate life. You may lose influ- 
ence, but you will gain it at the same time. I sup- 
pose Daniel was the most unpopular man in Babylon 
at a certain time, but, thank God, he has outlived all 
the other men of his time. Who were the chief men 
of Babylon? When God wanted any work done in 
Babylon, He knew where to find some one to do it. 
Vou can be in the world, but not of it. Christ didn't 
take His disciples out of the world, but He prayed 
that they might be kept from evil. A ship in the 
water is all right, but when the water gets into the 
ship, then look out. A worldly Christian is just like 
a wrecked vessel at sea. 

I remember once I took up the grace of God. I 
didn't know the difference between law and grace. 
When that truth dawned upon me and I saw the dif- 
ference, I studied the whole week on grace and I 
got so filled that I couldn't stay in the house. I said 
to the first man I met, "Do you know anything about 

^. Study of Subjects^ 

the grace of God?" He thought I was a Innatic. 
And I just poured out for about an hour on the 
grace of God. 

Study the subject of Prayer. " For real business 
at the mercy seat," says Spurgeon, "give me a home- 
made prayer, a prayer that comes out of the depths 
of your heart, not because you invented it, but be- 
cause the Holy Spirit put it there. Though your 
words are broken and your sentences disconnected, 
God will hear you. Perhaps you can pray better 
without words than with them. There are prayers 
that break the backs of words; they are too heavy 
tor any human language to carry." 

Some people say, " I do not believe in Assurance" 
I never knew anybody who read their Bibles who did 
not believe in Assurance. This Book teaches noth- 
ing else. Paul says, ' 'I know in whom I have be- 
lieved." Job says, " I know that my Redeemer liv- 
eth." It is not " I hope," " I trust." 

The best book on Assurance was written by one 
called "John," at the back part of the Bible. He 
wrote an epistle on this subject. Sometimes you 
just get a word that will be a sort of key to the 
epistle, and which unfolds it. Now if you turn to 
John 20:31, you will find it says, " These are written, 
that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the 
Son of God; and that, believing, ye might have life 
through His name." Then if you turn to I. John 
5:13, you will read thus: "These things have I writ- 
ten unto you that believe on the name of the Son of 
God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life; 
and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of 
God." That whole epistle is written on assurance. 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 95 

I have no doubt John had found some people who 
questioned about assurance and doubted whether 
they were saved or not, and he took up his pen and 
said, " I will settle that question;" and he wrote that 
last verse in the twentieth chapter of his gospel. 

I have heard some people say that it was not their 
privilege to know that they were saved; they had 
heard the minister say that no one could know 
whether they were saved or not; and they took what 
the minister said, instead of what the Word of God 
said. Others read the Bible to make it fit in ana 
prove their favorite creed or notions; and if it does 
not do so, they will not read it. It has been weli 
said that we must not read the Bible by the blue 
light of Presbyterianism; nor by the red light of 
Methodism; nor by the violet light of Episcopalian- 
ism; but by the light of the Spirit of God. If you 
will take up your Bible and study " assurance " for a 
week, you will soon see it is your privilege to know 
that you are a child of God. 

Then take the promises of God. Let a man feed 
for a month on the promises of God, and he will not 
talk about his poverty, and how downcast he is, and 
what trouble he has day by day. You hear people 
say, "Oh, my leanness! how lean I am!'* My friends, 
it is not their leanness, it is their laziness. If you 
would only go from Genesis to Revelation, and see 
all the promises made by God to Abraham, to Isaac 
and to Jacob, to the Jews and the Gentiles, and to all 
His people everywhere; if you would spend a month 
feeding on the precious promises of God, you would 
not go about with your heads hanging down like 
bulrushes, complaining how poor you are; but you 

|5 The Projnises of God* 

would lift up your heads with confidence and prcN 
claim the riches of His grace, because you could not 
help it. After the Chicago fire a man came up to 
me and said in a sympathizing tone, "I understand 
you lost everything, Moody, in the Chicago fire." 
"Well, then," said I, "some one has misinformed 
you." "Indeed! Why I was certainly told you had 
lost ail." "No; it is a mistake," I said, "quite a mis- 
take." "Have you got much left, then?" asked my 
friend. "Yes," I replied,"! have got much more left 
than I lost; though I can not tell how much I have 
lost." "Well, I am glad of it. Moody; I did not 
know you were that rich before the fire." "Yes," 
said I," "I am a good deal richer than you could con- 
ceive; and here is my title-deed, 'He that overcom- 
eth shall inherit all things.' " They say the Roths* 
childs can not tell how much they are worth; and 
that is just my case. Ail things in the world are 
mine; I am joint heir with Jesus the Son of God. 
Someone has said, "God makes a promise; Faith be- 
lieves it; Hope anticipates it; and Patience quietiy 


IVord Study — "Blesscds' of Revelation — ''Believings*' 
of JoJin—''TJic Fear of the Lord'' of Proverbs — Key 

A NOT HER way to study the Bible is to take one 
l\ word and follow it np with the help of a con- 

Or take just one word that runs through a book. 
Some time ago I was wonderfully blessed by taking 
the seven " Biesscds " of the Revelation. If God did 
not wish us to understand the book of Revelation, 
He would not have given it to us at all. A good 
many say it is so dark and mysterious that com- 
mon readers cannot understand it. Let us only keep 
digging away at it, and it will unfold itself by and 
by. Some one says it is the only book in the Bible 
that tells about the devil being chained; and as the 
devil know^s that, he goes up and down Christendom 
and says, *Tt is no use your reading Revelation, 
you can not understand the book; it is too hard for 
you." The fact is, he does not want you to under- 
stand about his own defeat. Just look at the bless- 
i?igs the book contains: 

1. ** Blessed is he that 'readeth, and they that hear 
the words of this prophecy, and keep those things 
which are written therein: for the time is at hand." 

2. ''Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. • 

g8 Word Study, 

. . . Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest 
from their labors." 

3. •' blessed is he that watcheth and keepeth his 

4. ** Blessed are they which are called to the niar 
*iage supper of the Lamb " 

5. " Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the 
hrst resurrection. On such the second death hath 
no power; but they shall be priests of God and of 
Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.'* 

6. " Blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the 
prophecy of this book." 

7. *' Blessed are they that do His commandments, 
that they may have right to the tree of life, and may 
enter in through the gates into the city." 

Or you may take the eight " overcomes " in Revel- 
ation; and you will be wonderfully blessed by them. 
They take you right up to the throne of heaven; you 
climb by them to the throne of God. 

I have been greatly blessed by going through the^ 
" believi7igs "of John. Every chapter but two speaks 
of believing. As I said before, he wrote his gospel 
that we might believe. All through it is •'Believe! 
Believer If you want to persuade a man that 
Christ is the Son of God, John's gospel is the book 
for him. 

Take the six ''precious'' things in Peter's Epistles. 
And the seven " walks " of the Epistle to the Ephes- 
ians. And the five " much mores " of Romans V. Or 
the two *' receiveds " of John I. Or the seven 
'' Iwarts'* in Proverbs XXIII., and especially an 
eighth. Or '' the fear of the Lord'' in Proverbs: — 

*= The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study^ qq 

"The fear of the Lord is to hate evil. 

"The fear of the Lord prolongeth days. 

" In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence 

"The fear of the Lord is a fountain of Life. 

*• Better is little with the fear of the Lord than 
great treasure and trouble therewith. 

"The fear of the Lord is the instruction of wisdom. 

"By the fear of the Lord men depart from evil. 

"The fear of the Lord tendeth to life. 

" By humility and the fear of the Lord are riches 
and honor and life. 

" Be thou in the fear of the Lord all the day 


A friend gave me some key words recently. He 
said Peter wrote about Hope: "When the Chief 
Shepherd shall appear." The keynote of Paul's 
writings seemed to be FaitJi, and that of John's, 
Love. " Faith, hope and charity," these were the 
characteristics of the three men, the key-notes to the 
whole of their teachings. James wrote of Good 
Works, and Jude of Apostasy. 

In the general epistles of Paul some one suggested 
the phrase ''in Christ!' In the book of Romans we 
find justification by faith in Christ. Corinthians pre- 
sents sanctification in Christ. The book of Galatians, 
adoption or liberty i?i Christ. Ephesians presents 
fulness in Christ. Philippians, consolation iji Christ. 
In Colossians we have completeness in Christ. Thes- 
salonians gives us hope in Christ. 

Different systems of key v.'ords are published by 
Bible scholars, and it is a good thing for every one' 
to know one system or other. 


Bible Markifig — BotTozving ami Lending Bibles— Neces- 
sity of Marking— Advantages— I hnv to Mark and 
What to Mark— Taking Notes -'Four things zchieh 
are little npon the earth, but they are exceeding ivisc' 
— ''Every ere shall see Him'' — Additional Exam- 
ples — Suggestions. 

DON'T be afraid to borrow and lend Bibles. Some 
time ago a man wanted to take ray Bible home 
to get a few things out of it, and when it came back 
I found this noted in it: 

Justification, a change of state, a new standing be- 
fore God. 

Repentance, a change of mind, a new mind about 

Regeneration, a change of nature, a new heart 
from God. 

Conversion, a change of life, a new life for God. 

Adoption, a change of family, new relationship 
towards God. 

Sanctification, a change of service, separation unto 

Glorification, a new state, a new condition with 


In the same hand-writing I found these lines: 
Jesus only ; the light of heaven is the face of Jesus. 
The joy of heaven is the presence of Jesus. 
The melody of heaven is the name of Jesus. 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, SOI 

Thd theme of heaven is the work of Jesus» 

The employment of heaven is the service of Jesus. 

The fuhiess of heaven is Jesus Himself. 

The duration of heaven is the eternity of Jesus. 


An old writer said that some books are to be tast- 
ed, some to be swallowed, and some to be chewed 
and digested. The Bible is one that you can never 
exhaust. It is like a bottomless well: you can 
always find fresh truths gushing forth from its pages. 

Hence the great fascination of constant and earnest 
Bible study. Hence also the necessity of marking 
your Bible. Unless you have an uncommon memory, 
you cannot retain the good things you hear. If you 
trust to your ear alone, they will escape you in a day 
or two; but if you mark your Bible and enlist the 
aid of your eye, you will never lose them. The same 
applies to what you read. 


Bible marking should be made the servant of the 
memory. If properly done, it sharpens the memory, 
rather than blunts it, because it gives prominence to 
certain things that catch the eye, which by constant 
reading you get to learn off by heart. 

It helps you to locate texts. 

It saves you the trouble of writing out notes of 
your addresses. Once in the margin, always ready. 

I have carried one Bible with me a great many 
years. It is worth a good deal to me, and I will tell 
you why; because I have so many passages marked 
in it, that if I am called upon to speak at any time 
I am ready. I have little words marked in the mar- 
gin, and they are a sermon to me. Whether I speak 

103 Its Advantages, 

about Faith, Hope, Charity, Assurance, or any subject 
whatever, it all comes back to me; and however un- 
expectedly I am called upon to preach, I am always 
ready. Every child of God ought to be like a soldier, 
and always hold himself in readiness. If the Queen 
ot iingland's army were ordered to India tomorrow, 
the soldier is ready for the journey. But we can not 
be ready if we do not study the Bible. So whenever 
you hear a good thing, just put it down, because if 
it is good for you it will be good for somebody else; 
and we should pass the coin of heaven around just 
as we do the coin of the realm. 

People tell me they have nothing to say. "Out of 
the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh." 
Get full ol Scripture and then you can't help but say 
it. It says itself. Keep the world out of your heart by 
£^:^:tting full of something else. A man tried to build 
a flying machine. He made some wings and filled 
them with gas. He said he couldn't quite fly, but 
the gas was lighter than the air and it helped him 
over lots of obstructions. So when you get these 
heavenly truths, they are lighter than the air down 
here and help you over trouble. 

Bible marking makes the Bible a new book to you. 
If there was a white birch tree within a quarter of 
a mile of the home of your boyhod, you would re- 
member it all your life. Mark your Bible, and in- 
stead of its being dry and uninteresting, it will be- 
come a beautiful book to you. What you see makes 
a more lasting impression on your memory than 
what you hear. 


There are many methods of marking. Some use 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Sta^, I(Q 

six or eight colored inks or pencils. Black is used 
to mark texts that refer to sin; red, all references to 
the cross; blue, all references to heaven; and so on. 
Others invent symbols. When there is any reference 
to the cross, they put ''f" in the margin. Some 
write " G ", meaning the Gospel. 

There is danger of overdoing this and making 
your marks more prominent than the scripture itself. 
If the system is complicated it becomes a burden, 
and you are likely to get confused. It is easier to 
remember the text than the meaning of your marks. 

Black ink is good enough for all purposes. I use 
no other, unless it be red ink to draw attention to 
"the blood." 

The simplest way to mark is to underline the 
words or to make a stroke alongside the verse. An- 
other good way is to go over the printed letters with 
your pen, and make them thicker. The word will 
then stand out like heavier type. Mark " only " in 
Psalm 62 in this way. 

When any word or phrase is oft repeated in a 
chapter or book, put consecutive numbers in the 
margin over against the text. Thus, in the second 
chapter of Habakkuk, we find five " woes" against 
five common sins; (i) verse 6, (2) verse 9, (3) verse 
12, (4) verse 15, (5) verse 19. Number the ten 
plagues in this way. When there is a succession of 
promises or charges in a verse, it is better to write 
the numbers small at the beginning of each separate 
promise. Thus, there is a seven-fold promise to 
Abraham in Gen. 12, 2-3: "(i) I will make of thee a 
great nation, (2) and I will bless thee, (3) and make 
thy name great; (4) and thou shalt be a blessing; (5) 

104 How to Mark unJ What to Mafk. 

and I will bless them that bless thee, (6) and curse 
him that curseth thee: (7) and in thee shall all fami- 
lies of the earth be blessed." In Prov. i, 22, we 
have (i) simple ones, (2) scorners, (3) fools. 

Put a "x" in the margin against things not generally 
observed: for example, the laws regarding women 
wearing men's clothes, and regarding bird-nesting, 
in Deut. 22, 5-6; the sleep of the poor man and of 
the rich man compared, Ecc. 5, i 2. 

I also find it helpful to mark: i. cross-references. 
Opposite Gen. i, i, write "Through faith, Heb. 11, 
3" — because there we read — " Through faith we un- 
derstand that the worlds were framed by the word of 
God." Opposite Gen. 28, 12, write — " An answer to 
prayer, Gen. 35, 3." Opposite Matt. 6, 33, write "I. 
Kings 3, 13 " and " Lu. 10, 42," which give illustra- 
tions of seeking the kingdom of God first. Opposite 
Gen. 37, 7, write — "Gen. 50, 18" — which is the ful- 
filment of the dream. 

2. Railroad connections, that is, connections made 
by fine lines running across the page. In Daniel 6, 
connect " will deliver " (v. 16), " able to deliver " (v. 
20), and "hath delivered" (v. 27). In Ps. 66, con- 
nect " come and see" (v. 5) with " come and hear" 
(v. 16). 

3. Variations of the Revised Version: tnus Ro- 
mans 8, 26 reads — "the Spirit Himself" in the R. V., 
not " itself." Note also marginal readings like Mark 
6, 19, " an inward grudge" instead of " a quarrel." 

4. Words that have changed their meaning; 
" meal " for " meat " in Leviticus. Or where you can 
explain a difficulty: " abo\'e " for " upon" in Num. 
II, 31. Or where the English does not bring out th^ 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study » 105 

full meaning of the original as happens in the names 
of God: ** Elohim " in Gen. 1,1, ** Jehovah Elohim " 
in Gen. 2, 4, " El Shaddai " in Gen. 17, i, and so on. 

5. Unfortunate divisions of chapters. The last 
verse of John 7 reads — "And every man went unto 
his own house." Chapter 8 begins *' Jesus went unto 
the mount of Olives." There ought to be no division 
of chapters here. 

6. At the beginning of every book write a short 
summary of its contents, something like the summary 
given in some Bibles at the head of every chapter. ^ 

7. Key words and key verses. 

8. Make a note of any text that marks a religious 
crisis in your life. I once heard Rev. F. B. Meyer 
preach on I Cor. i, 9, and he asked his hearers to 
write on their Bibles that they were that day "called 
unto the fellowship of His Son Christ our Lord." 


When a preacher gives out a text, mark it; as he 
goes on preaching, put a few words in the margin, 
key-words that shall bring back the whole sermon 
again. By that plan of making a few marginal 
notes, I can remember sermons I heard years and 
years ago. Every man ought to take down some of 
the preacher's words and ideas, and go into some lane 
or by-way, and preach them again to others. We 
ought to have four ears — two for ourselves and two 
for other people. Then, if you are in a new town, 
and have nothing else to say, jump up and say: "I 
heard someone say so and so;" and men will always 
be glad to hear you if you give them heavenly food. 
The world is perishing for lack of it. 

Some years ago I heard an Englishman in Chicago 

>6 Taking Notes. 

preach from a curious text: "There be four things 
which are little upon the earth, but they are exceed- 
ing wise." "Well," said I to myself, "what will you 
make of these 'little things'? I have seen them a good 
many times." Then he went on speaking: "The ants 
are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat 
in the summer." He said God's people are like the 
ants. "Well," I thought, "I have seen a good many 
of them, but I never saw one like me." "They are 
like the ants," he said, "because they are laying up 
treasure in heaven, and preparing for the future; but 
the world rushes madly on, and forgets all about 
God's command to lay up for ourselves incorruptible 

"The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make these 
their houses in the rocks." He said, "The conies are 
very weak things; if you were to throw a stick at 
one of them you could kill it; but they are very 
wise, for they build their houses in rocks, where they 
are out of harm's way. And God's people are very 
wise, although very feeble; for they build on the 
Rock of Ages, and that Rock is Christ." "Well," I 
said, "I am certainly like the conies." 

Then came the next verse: "The locusts have 
no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands." 
I wondered what he was going to make of that. 
"Now God's people," he said, "have no king down 
here. The world said, 'Caesar is our king;' but he 
is not our King; our King is the Lord of Hosts. 
The locusts went out by bands; so do God's people. 
Here is a Presbyterian band, here an Episcopalian 
band, here a Methodist band, and so on; but by and 
by the great King will come and catch up all these 

Pleasure a?id Profit in Bible Study. 107 

separate bands, and they will all be one; one fold 
and one -Shepherd." And when 1 heard that explan- 
ation, I said; "I would be like the locusts." I have 
become so sick, my friends, of this miserable sectar- 
ianism, that I wish it could all be swept away. 

"Well," he went on again, "the spider taketh hold 
with her hands, and is in kings' palaces." When he 
got to the spider, I said, "I don't like that at all; I 
don't like the idea of being compared to a spider." 
"But," he said, "If you go into a king's palace, there 
is the spider hanging on his gossamer web, and look- 
down with scorn and contempt on the gilded salons- 
he is laying hold of things above. And so every child 
of God ought to be like the spider, and lay hold of 
the unseen things of God. You see, then, my 
brethren, we who are God's people are like the ants, 
the conies, the locusts, and the spiders, little things, 
but exceeding wise." I put that down in the margin 
of my bible, and the recollection of it does me as 
much good now as when I first heard it. 

A friend of mine was in Edinburgh and he heard 
one of the leading Scotch Presbyterian ministers. 
He had been preaching from the text, "Every Eye 
shall see Him," and he closed up by saying: "Yes, 
every eye. Adam will see Him, and when he does he 
will say: This is He who was promised to me in 
that dark day when I fell;' Abraham will see Him 
and will say: 'This is He whom I saw afar off; but 
now face to face;' Mary will see Him, and she will 
sing with new interest that magnificat. And I, too, 
shall see Him, and when I do, I will sing: 'Rock of 
Ages, cleft for me. Let me hide myself in Thee.* " 

I08 A dditiona! Examples. 


Turn to Exodus 6:6-7-8. In these verses we find 
seven "I wills." 

I zvill bring you out from under the burden of the 

I will rid you out of their bondage. 

I zvill redeem you with a stretched-out arm. 

I zvill \.dik& you to me for a people. 

I zvill be to you a God. 

/w/// bring you in into the land [of Canaan]. 

I zvill give it to you for a heritage. 

Again: Isaiah 41 :io. "Fear thou not, for I am with 
thee; be not dismayed, for I am thy God; I will 
strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will 
uphold thee with the right hand of my righteous- 
ness." Mark what God says: 

He is zvith His servant. 

He is his God. 

He will strengthen. 

He will help. 

He will uphold. 

Again: Psalm 103:2: "Bless the Lord, O my soul, 
and forget not all his benefits." If you can not re- 
member them all, remember what you can. In the 
next three verses there are five things: 

V^ho forgiveth all thine iniquities. 

Who healeth all thy diseases. 

Who redeemeth\\\y life from destruction. 

Who crozimeth thee with loving kindness and tender 

Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things. 

We can learn some things about the mercy or the 
Lord from this same Psalm: 

Phasure and Profit in Bible Sh^, IOq 

V. 4. — Its quality, "tender." 

V. 8. — Its measure, ''plenteous." 

V. II. — Its magnitude, "great," "according to the 
height of the heaven above the earth." See margin. 

V. 17. — Its duration, "from everlasting to everlast- 

Twenty-third Psalm. I suppose I have heard as 
many good sermons on the twenty-third Psalm as on 
any other six verses in the Bible. I wish I had be- 
gun to take notes upon them years ago when I 
heard the first one. Things slip away from you 
when you get to be fifty years of age. Young men 
had better go into training at once. 

With me, the Lord. 

Beneath me, green pastures. 

Beside me, still waters. 

Before me, a table. 

Around me, mine enemies. 

After me, goodness and mercy. 

Ahead of mc, the house of the Lord. 

"Blessed is the day," says an old divine, "when 
Psalm twenty-three was born!" It has been more 
used than almost any other passage in the Bible. 

V. I. — A happy life. 

V 4. — A happy death. 

V. 6. — A happy eternity. 

Take Psalm 102:6-7: "I am like a pelican of the 
wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert. I watch 
and am as a sparrow alone upon the housetop." It 
seems strange until you reflect that a pelican carries 
i'.s food with it, that the owl keeps its eyes open at 
night, and that the sparrow watches alone. So the 

no A dditional Examples. 

Christian must carry his food with him— the Bible — 
and he must keep his eyes open and watch alone. 

Turn to Isaiah 32, and mark four things that God 
promises in verse 2: "And a man shall be as an hid- 
ing place from the wind, and a covert from the tem- 
pest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow 
of a great rock in a weary land." There we have: — 

The hiding place from danger. 

The cover from the tempest. 

Rivers of water. 

The Rock of Ages. 

In the third and fourth verses of the same chapter: 
"And the eyes of them that see shall not be dim, 
and the ears of them that hear shall hearken. 
The hl^art also of the rash shall understand know- 
ledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be 
ready to speak plainly." We have eyes, ears, heart 
and tongue, all ready to pay homage to the King of 

Now turn into the New Testament, John 4:47-53. 

The noble heard about Jesus. 
ivent unto Him. 
besought Him. 
believed Him. 
knew that his prayer was answered. 

Again: Matthew 11:28-30: 

"Come unto me, all ye that labour and arc heavy- 
laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon 
you and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in 
heart; and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For 
my yoke is easy, and my burden is light." Someone 
has said these verses contain the only description we 
have of Christ's heart. 

Pleasure ana Profit i7i Bible Study* <D 

Something to do, come unto Jesus. 
Something to leave, your burden. 
Something to take. His yoke. 
Something to find, rest unto your soul. 
Again: John 14:6. "I am the way, the truth, sni 
;he life." 
The way, follow me. 
The truth, learn of me. 
The life, abide in me. 


Do not buy a Bible that you are unwilling to mark 
and use. An interleaved Bible gives more room for 

Be precise and concise: for example, Neh. 13, 18: 
" A warning from history." 

Never mark anything because you saw it in some 
one else's Bible. If it does not come home to you, 
if you not understand it, do not put it down. 

Never pass a nugget by without trying to grasp it 
Then mark it down. 


Personal Work — Three Kinds of Chureh Services — 
Church Members — Individual Jixpcrience — One In- 
quirer at a Time—Those ivho lack Assurance — 
Backsliders— Not Convicted of Sin — Deeply Con- 
victed—The Divinity of Christ-- Can t Hold Out— 
No Strength — Feelings- Can t Believe— Can't be 
Sa t rd all at Of ice — Not Noil • - Further Suggestions . 

PERSONAL dealing is of tlic most vital impor- 
tance. No one can tell how many persons 
have been lost to the Kingdom of God through lack 
of following up the preaching of the Gospel by per- 
sonal work. It is deplorable how few church-mem- 
bers arc qualified to deal with inquirers, yet that is 
the very work in which they ought most efificiently 
to aid the pastor. People are not usually converted 
under the preaching of the minister. It is in the 
inquiry-meeting that they are most likely to be 
brought to Christ. They are perhaps awakened un- 
der the minister, but God generally uses some one 
person to point out the way of salvation and bring the 
anxious to a decision. Some people can't see the use 
of inquiry-meetings, and think they are something 
new, and that we haven't any authority for them. 
But they are no innovation. We read about them 
all through the Bible. When John the Baptist was 
preaching he was interrupted. It would be a good 
thing if people would interrupt the minister now and 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 113 

then in the middle of some metaphysical sermon, 
and ask what he means. The only way to make 
sure that people understand what he is talking about 
is to let them ask questions. I don't know what 
some men, who have got the whole address written 
out, would do if some one should get up and ask: 
*' What must I do to be saved?" Yet such questions 
would do more good than anything else you could 
have. They would awake a spirit of inquiry. Some 
of Christ's sweetest teachings were called forth by 


There ought to be three kinds of services in all 
churches: one for worship — to offer praise, and 
to wait on the Lord in prayer; another for teaching; 
and at these services there needn't be a word to 
the unconverted, (although some men never close 
any meeting without presenting the Gospel), but let 
them be for the church people; and a third for 
preaching the Gospel. Sunday morning is the best 
time for teaching, but Sunday night is the best night 
in the whole week, of the regular church services, to 
preach the simple Gospel of the Son of God. When 
you have preached that, and have felt the power of 
the unseen world, and there are souls trembling in 
the balance, don't say, as I have heard good minis- 
ters say: "j^ there are any in this place concerned 
— at all concerned — about their souls, I will be in 
the pastor's study on Friday night, and will be glad 
to see them." By that time the chances arc the im- 
pression will be all wiped out. Deal with them that 
night before the devil snatches away the good seed. 
Wherever the Gospel is proclaimed, there should 

114 Personal Work. 

be an expectation of Immediate results, and if this 
were the case the Church of Christ would be in a 
constant state of grace. 

" Now when the congregation was broken up, 
/nany of the Jews and religious proselytes followed 
Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, per- 
suaded them to continue in the grace of God." How 
much would Paul and Barnabas have accomplished 
if they had pronounced the benediction and sent 
these people home? It is a thing to weep over that 
we have got thousands and thousands of church- 
members who are good for nothing towards extend- 
ing the Kingdom of God. They understand bazaars, 
and fairs, and sewing-circles; but when you ask 
them to sit down and show a man or woman the way 
into God's kingdom, they say: "Oh, I am not able 
to do that. Let the deacons do it, or some one 
else." It is all wrong. The Church ought to be 
educated on this very point. There are a great 
many church-members who are just hobbling about 
on crutches. They can just make out that they are 
saved, and imagine that is all that constitutes a 
Christian in this nineteenth century. As far as help- 
ing others is concerned, that never enters their 
beads. They think if they can get along themselves, 
they are doing amazingly well. They have no idea 
what the Holy Ghost wants to do through them. 

No matter how weak you are, God can use you; 
and you cannot say what a stream of salvation you 
may set in motion. John the Baptist was a young 
man when he died; but he led Andrew to Christ, and 
/Andrew led Peter, and so the river flowed on. 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 115 

In the closing pages of this book I want to give 
scrme hints in regard to passing on the good to others, 
and thus profiting them by your knowledge of ihe 
Bible. Every believer, whether minister or layman, 
is in duty bound to spread the gospel. " Go ye 
into all the world and preach the gospel to every 
creature** was the wide command of our parting 
Savior to His disciples. 

There are many Bible students, however, who ut- 
terly neglect the command. They are like sponges, 
always sucking in the Water of Life, but never im- 
parting it to thirsty souls around. 

A clergyman used to go hunting, and when his 
bishop reproved him, he said he never went hunting 
when he was on duty. 

"When is a clergyman off duty?" asked the 

And so with every Christian: when is he off duty? 

To be ready with a promise for the dying, a word 
of hope for the bereaved and afflicted, of encourage- 
ment for the downhearted, of advice for the anxious, 
is a great accomplishment. The opportunities to be 
useful in these ways are numerous. Not only in 
inquiry-meetings and church work, but in our every- 
day contact with others the opening constantly 
occurs. A word, a look, a hand-clasp, a prayer, may 
have an unending influence for good. 

•*Is your father at home?" asked a gentleman of 
a doctor's child. 

" No," he said, " he's away." 

"Where can I find him?'* 

•* Well," he said, ** you've got to look for him «n 

If6 Personal JVork* 

some place where people are sick or hwrt, or nome^ 
thing like that. I don't know where he is, but bc'f 
helping somewhere." 

That ought to be the spirit animating every io\r 
lower of Him who went about doing good. 


I admit one can't lay down positive rules in deal- 
ing with individuals about their religious condition. 
Tin soldiers are exactly alike, but not so men. 
Matthew and Paul were a good way apart. The 
people we deal with may be widely different. What 
would be medicine for one might be rank poison for 
another. In the 15th of Luke, the elder son and 
the younger son were exactly opposite. What 
would have been good counsel for one might have 
been ruin to the other. God never made two persons 
to look alike. If we had made men, probably we 
would have made them all alike, even if we had to 
crush some bones to get them into the mould. But 
ihat is not God's way. In the universe there is in- 
finite variety. The Philippian jailer required pecu- 
liar treatment. Christ dealt with Nicodemus one 
way, and the woman at the well another way, 


It is a great mistake, in dealing with inquirers, to 
tell your ow n experience. Experience may have its 
place, but I don't think it has its place when we are 
dealing with inquirers; for the first thing the man 
you are talking to will do will be to look for your 
experience. He doesn't want your experience. He 
wants one of his own. 

Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. t|| 

Suppose Bartimeus had gone to Jerusalem to the 
man that was born blind, and said: 

" Now, just tell us how the Lord cured you." 

The Jerusalem man might have said: " He just 
spat on the ground, and anointed my eyes with the 

"Ho!" says Bartimeus, ** I don't believe you ever 
got your sight at all. Who ever heard of such 
a way as that? Why, to fill a man's eyes with clay 
is enough to put them out! " 

Both men were blind, but they were not cured 
alike. A great many men are kept out of the 
kingdom of God because they are looking for some- 
body else's experience — the experience their grand- 
mother had, their aunt, or some one in the family. 


Then it is very important to deal with one at a 
time. A doctor doesn't give cod-liver oil for all 
complaints. *' No," he says," I must seek what each 
one wants." He looks at the tongue, and inquires 
into the symptoms. One may have ague, another 
typhoid fever, and another may have consumption. 
What a man wants is to be able to read his Bible, 
and to read human nature, too. 

Those do best who do not run from one person in 
an inquiry-meeting to another, offering words of 
encouragement everywhere. They would do better 
by going to but one or two of an afternoon or even- 
ing. We are building for eternity, and can take 
time. The work will not then be superficial. 

Try first to win the person's confidence, and then 

Il8 Personal Work, 

your words will have more weight. Use great tad 
in approaching the subject. 

It will be a great help to divide persons into 
classes as much as possible, and bring certain pas- 
sages of Scripture to bear upon these classes. It is 
unwise, however, to use verses that you have seen in 
books until you are perfectly clear in your own mind 
of their meaning and application. Avail yourself by 
all means of suggestions from outside sources, but as 
David could not fight in Saul's armor, so you pos- 
sibly may not be able to make good use of texts and 
passages which have proved powerful in the hands 
of another. The best way is to make your own clai- 
sification,and select suitable texts, which experience 
will lead you to adopt or change, according to cir- 
cumstances. Make yourself familiar with a few pas- 
sages, rather than have a hazy and incomplete idea 
of a large number. 

The following classification may be found help- 
ful :- 

1. Believers who lack assurance; who arc in 
darkness because they have sinned; who neglect 
prayer, Bible study, and other means of grace; 
who are in darkness because of an unforgiving spirit; 
who are timid or ashamed to confess Christ openly; 
who are not engaged in active work for the Master; 
who lack strength to resist temptation and to stand 
fast in time of trial; who are not growing in grace. 

2. Believers who have backslidden. 

3. Those who are deeply convicted of sin, and 
are seeking salvation. 

4. Those who have difficulties of various kind*. 

Pieaiure ancf Ptojit in BibU Study. \i(^ 

Many believe that they are so sinful that God will not 
accept them, that they have sinned away their op- 
portunities and now it is too late, that the gospel was 
never intended for them. Others are kept back by 
honest doubts regarding the divinity of Christ, the 
genuineness of the Bible. Others again are troubled 
by the mysteries of the Bible, the doctrines of elec- 
tion, instant conversion, etc., or they say they hav# 
sought Christ in vain, that they have tried and failed, 
they are afraid they could not hold out. A large 
class is in great trouble about feelings. 

5. Those who make excuses. There is a wide 
difference between a person who has a reason and 
one who had an excuse to offer. 

The commonest excuses are that there arc so 
many inconsistent Christians, hypocrites in the 
church; that it would cost too much to become 
Christians, that they could not continue in their 
present occupation, etc.; that they expect to become 
Christians some day; that their companions hold 
them back, or would cast them off if they were con- 

6. Those who are not convicted of sin. Some 
are deliberately sinful; they want to "see life,** to 
"sow their wild oats;** others are thoughtless; others 
again are simply ignorant of Jesus Christ and His 
work. A large number do not feel their need of a 
Savior because they are self-righteous, trusting to 
their own morality and good works. 

7. Those who hold hostile creeds, embracing 
sectarians, cranks, Jews, spiritualists, infidels, athe- 
ists, agnostics, etc. 

120 Personal Work. 

Always use your Bible in personal dealing. D<s 
not trust to memory, but make the person read the 
verse for himself. Do not use printed slips or books. 
Hence, if convenient, always carry a Bible or New 
Testament with you. 

It is a good thing to get a man on his knees (if 
convenient), but don't get him there before he is 
ready. You may have to talk with him two hours 
before you can get him that far along. But when 
you think he is about ready, say, "Shall we not a§k 
God to give us light on this point?" Sometimes a 
few minutes in prayer have done more for a man 
than two hours in talk. When the spirit of God has 
led him so far that he is willing to have you pray with 
him, he is not very far from the kingdom. Ask him 
to pray for himself. If he doesn't want to pray, let 
him use a Bible prayer; get him to repeat it; for ex- 
ample: "Lord help me!" Tell the man: "If the 
Lord helped that poor woman, He will help you if 
you make the same prayer. He will give you a new 
heart if you pray from the heart." Don't send a 
man home to pray. Of course he should pray at 
home, but I would rather get his lips open at once. 
It is a good thing for a man to hear his own voice in 
prayer. It is a good thing for him to cry out: " God 
be merciful to me a sinner!" 

Urge an immediate decision, but never tell a man 
he is converted. Never tell him he is saved. Let 
the Holy Spirit reveal that to him. You can shoot 
a man and see that he is dead, but you can not see 
when a man receives eternal life. You can't afford 
to deceive one about this great question. But you 

PUasiire and Profit in BibU Study. 121 

can help his faith and trust, and lead him aright 
Always be prepared to do personal work. When 
war was declared between France and Germany, 
Count von Moltke, the German general, was pre- 
pared for it. Word brought to him late at night, 
after he had gone to bed. "Very well," he said to 
the messenger, "the third portfolio on the left"; and 
he went to sleep again. 

Do the work boldly. Don't take those in a posi- 
tion in life above your own, but as a rule, take those 
on the same footing. Don't deal with a person of 
opposite sex, if it can be otherwise arranged. Bend 
ail your endeavors to answer for poor, struggling 
Bouls that question of all importance to them. 
''What must I do to be saved ? " 



1. Have for constant use a portable refeience 
Bible, a Cruden's Concordance, and a Topical Text 

2. Always carry a Bible or Testament in your 
pocket and do not be ashamed of people seeing you 
read it on trains, etc. 

3. Do not be afraid of marking it, or of making 
marginal notes. Mark texts that contain promises, 
exhortations, warnings to sinners and to Christians, 
gospel invitations to the unconverted, and so on. 

4. Set apart at least fifteen minutes a day for study 
and meditation. This little will have great results 
and will never be regretted. 

5. Prepare your heart to know the law of the Lord, 
and to do it. Ezra 7:10. 

6. Always ask God to open the eyes of your under- 
standing that you may see the truth; and expect that 
He will answer your prayer. 

7. Cast every burden of doubt upon the Lord. "He 
will never suffer the righteous to be moved." Do not 
be afraid to look for a reason for the hope that is in 

8. Believe in the Bible as God's revelation to you, 
and act accordingly. Do not reject any portion be- 
cause it contains the supernatural, or because you 
can not understand it. Reverence all Scripture. 

PUasurt and Profit in Bible Study. 123 

Remember God's own estimate of it: "Thou hast 
magnified thy Word above all thy Name." 

9. Learn at least one verse of Scripture each day. 
Verses committed to memory will be wonderfully 
useful in your daily life and walk. "Thy word have 
I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against 
Thee." Some Christians can quote Shakespeare and 
Longfellow better than the Bible 

10. If you are a preacher or a Sunday school 
teacher, try at any cost to master your Bible. You 
ought to know it better than any one in your congre- 
gation or class. 

11. Strive to be exact in quoting Scripture. 

12. Adopt some systematic plan of Bible study: 
either topical, or by subjects, like "The Blood," 
*'Praycr," *'Hope," etc.; or by books; or by some 
other plan outlined in the preceding pages. 

13. Study to know for what and to whom each 
book of the Bible was written. Combine the Old 
Testament with the New. Study Hebrews and Levi- 
ticus together, the Acts of the Apostles and the 
Epistles, the Prophets and the historical books of 
the old Testament. 

14. Study how to use the Bible so as to "walk 
with God'' in closer communion; also, so as to gain a 
working knowledge of Scripture for leading others 
to Christ. An old minister used to say that the cries 
of neglected tex*s were always sounding in his ears, 
a?king why he did not show how important they 

15. Do not be satisfied with simply reading a chap- 
ter daily. Study the meaning of at least one verse. 

p— 1 






The Spirit of 

With Christ 


School of Prayer. 


Thoughts on the 
Indwelling of the 

Thoughts on Our 
Training for the Min- 
istry of Intercession. 

Holy Spirit 

IN the Believer and 

the Church. 

Abide in Christ. 

Thoughts on the 

Comprising the six great 

Blessed Life of Fel- 

works in connection with 

lowship with the 

which the author attained 

Son of God. 

such world-wide favor as a 

Xjike Christ. 

Thoughts on the 
Blessed Life of Con- 
formity to the 
Son of God. 

writer of helpful and spir. 
itual devotional works. 
The bindings are unique 
and attractive, and the 
price, which, in view of the 
fact that this is the author- 

Holy in Christ. 

ized edition, upon which 

Thoughts on the 

royalties are paid to the 

Calling of God's 

author, was already aston- 

Children to se Holy 

ishingly low, has now been 

AS He is Holt. 

still further reduced. 



tbm*. cltth, each, 35 cis. : 


the set o/six volumes, htxeJ, 

Addresses, 1895. 


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vELii Compact 







The Crises of the 

8vo, cloth, net, I2.00. 

Life Problems. 

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Long i6mo, 50 cent*. 

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A First Century 
Messaoe to Twen- 
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WITH Man* 

In Time — Past. Pres- 

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