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THE RE D LIBRA
Pleasure and Profit
in Bible Study
a L. MOODY
BV 3797 .M7 W6 v. 4
Moody, Dwight Lyman, 1837
Works . . .
ICMO. CI^OTH. KACH, ^sET. 3^ CTS.
"Weighed and "Wanting.
Men of the Bible.
The Overcoming Life.
The Way to God.
Thoughts for the Quiet
Moody's Latest Sermons
Short Talks by D. L.
Pleasure and Profit in
Sowing and Reaping.
To the WorkI
The above eighteen vohtjiics
are all ly D. L. Moodv,
and are published as " Tlie
Moody Library" in boxed
Set, net, ^j.40.
The True Estimate of
By G. Campbfll Morgan.
All of Grace.
]■>}• C. II. Si'URGEON.
According to Promise.
IJV C. H. SpI KGbUN.
By C. IT. SriRGEOM.
By C. H. SriRGEON.
The Way of Life.
Tales of Adventure
from the Old Book.
Select Poems for the
Up from Sin.
The Revival of a Dead
Fleming II. I^evell Compaxit
wUICAOO NEW yuiiK TOllONTO
PUBLISHERS OF EVANGELICAL LITERATUHE
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D. L. MOODY
The statutes of the Lord are rght, lejoicing the
hrart . . . More to be desired are they than gold,
yea, than much fine gold, sweeter al^o than honey
and the honey-comb. — Psalm xir: S-io.
Fleming H. Revell Company
Chicago, New York 6^ Toronto
Publishers of Evangelical Literature
COPYRIGHTBD 13^5. by PLBMING H, RESELL SO.
It is always a pleasure to me to speak on the sub
ject of this volume. I think I would rather preach
about the Word of God than anything else except
the Love of God; because I believe it is the best
thing in this world.
We cannot overestimate the importance of a
thorough familiarity with the Bible. I try to lose
no opportunity of urging people by every means in
my power to the constant study of this wonderful
Book. If through the pages that follow, I can reach
still others and rouse them to read their Bibles, not
at random but with a plan and purpose, I shall be
Wben tbou floeet, (t aball leaO tbee;
mben tbou 0leepc0t, it 0ball l^ecv tbcc?
imben tbou awafiedt, ft eball talfi witb
— prpv. vU 22.
Close Contact with the Word of God — Word and Work —
The Christians Weapon — Yomig Converts and
Bible Study — Up to Date — Every Case Met — ''Great
Peace'' — Starving the Soul—The Gtnde-Book to
A QUICKENING that will last must come through
the Word of God. A man stood up in one of our
meetings and said he hoped for enough out of the
series of meetings to last him all his life. I told him
he might as well try to eat enough breakfast at one
time to last him his lifetime. That is a mistake that
people are making; they are running to religious
meetings and they think the meetings are going to
do the work. But if these don't bring you into closer
contact with the Word of God, the whole impression
will be gone in three months. The more you love
the Scriptures, the firmer will be your faith. There
is little backsliding when people love the Scriptures.
If you come into closer contact with the Word, you
will gain something that will last, because the Word
of God is going to endure. In the one hundred and
nineteenth psalm David prayed nine times that God
would quicken him — according to His word. His law,
His judgment. His precepts, etc.
If I could say something that would induce Chris-
tians to have a deeper love for the Word of God, I
should feel this to be the most important service that
8 Clase Cofiiuct With the Word of God,
could be rendered to them. Do you ask: How can
I get in love with the Bible? Well, if you will
only arouse yourself to the study of it, and ask God's
assistance, He will assuredly help you.
WORD AND WORK.
Word and Work make healthy Christians. If It be
all Word and no work, people will suffer from what
I may call religious gout. On the other hand if it be
all work and no Word, it will not be long before they
will fall into all kinds of sin and error; so that they
will do more harm than good. But if we first study
the Word and then go to work, we shall be healthy,
useful Christians. I never saw a fruit-bearing Chris-
tian who was not a student of the Bible. If a man
neglects his Bible, he may pray and ask God to use
him in His work; but God cannot make use of him,
for there is not much for the Ploly Ghost to work
upon. We must have the Word itself, which is
sharper than any two-edged sword.
We have a great many prayer meetings, but there
is something just as important as prayer, and that is
that we read our Bibles, that we have Bible study
and Bible lectures and Bible classes, so that we may
get hold of the Word of God. When I pray, I talk
to God, but when I read the Bible, God is talkmg to
to me; and it is really more important that God
should speak to me than that I should speak to Him
I believe we should know better how to pray if we
knew our Bibles better What is an army good for
if they don t know how to use their w^eapons? What
is a young man starting out in the Christian work good
lor it he does not know how to use his Bible? A
man isn't worth much m battle it he has any doubt
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Stuefy, %
about his weapon, and I have never found a mar. who
has doubts about the Bible who has amounted to
much in Christian work. I have seen work after
work wrecked because men lost confidence in the
spirit of this Old Book.
It young- converts want to be used of God, they
must feed on His Word. Their experience may be
very good and very profitable at the outset, and they
may help others by telling it; but if they keep on
doing nothing else but telling their experience, it will
soon become stale and unprofitable, and people will
weary of hearing the same thing over and over
again. But when they have told how they have been
converted, the next thing is to feed on the Word.
We are not fountains ourselves; but the Word of God
is the true fountain.
And if we feed on the Word, it will be so easy then
to speak to others; and not only that, but we shall be
growing in grace all the while, and others will take
notice of our walk and conversation. So few grow,
because so few study. I would advise all young con-
verts to keep as much as they can in the company of
more experienced Christians. I like to keep in the
society of those who know more than I do; and I
never lose a chance of getting all the good I can out
of them. Study the Bible carefully and prayerfully;
ask of others what this passage means and what that
passage means, and when you have become practi-
cally acquainted with the great truths it contains,
you will have less to fear from the world, the flesh,
and the devil. You will not be disappointed in your
IQ .- ~ SoiUclhinii New.
People are constantly saying: We want some-
thing new%* some new doctrine, some new idea.
Depend upon it, my friends, if you get tired of the
Word of God, and it becomes wearisome to you, you
are out of communion with Him.
When I was in Baltimore last, my window looked
out on an Episcopal Church. The stained-glass
windows were dull and uninviting by day, but when
the lights shone through at night, how beautiful
they were! So when the Holy Spirit touches the eyes
of your understanding and you see Christ shining
through the pages of the Bible, it becomes a new
book to you.
A young lady once took up a novel to read, but
found it dull and uninteresting. Some months after-
wards, she was introduced to the author and in the
course of time became his wife. She then found
that there was something in the book, and her opin-
ion of it changed. The change was not in the book,
but in herself. She had come to know and love the
writer. Some Christians read the Bible as a duty, if
they read it at all; but as soon as a man or woman
sees Christ as the chiefest among ten thousand, the
Bible becomes the revelation of the Father's love
and becomes a never-ending charm. A gentleman
asked another, "Do you often read the Bible?" "No,"
was the answer, "I frankly admit I do not love God."
" No more did I," the first replied, " but God loved
A great many people seem to think that the Bible
is out of date, that it is an old book, and they think
it has passed its day. They say it was very good
Pk^fure and Prufit in Bible Study. \\
for the dark ages, and that there Is some very good
history in it, but it was not intended for the present
time; we are living in a very enlightened age and
men can get on very well without the old book;
we have outgrown it. Now you might just as well
say that the sun, which has shone so long, is now
so old that it is out of date, and that whenevei
a man builds a house he need not put any windows
in it, because we have a newer light and a better light ;
we have gaslight and electric light. These are some-
thing new; and I would advise people, if they think
the Bible is too old and worn out, when they build
houses, not to put windows in them, but just to light
them with electric light; that is something new and
that is what they are anxious for.
EVERY CASE MET.
Bear in mind there is no situation in life for which
you cannot find some word of consolation in Scrip-
ture. If you are in affliction, if you are in adversity
and trial, there is a promise for you. In joy and sor-
row, in health and in sickness, in poverty and in riches,
in every condition of life, God has a promise stored
up in His Word for you. In one way or another
every case is met, and the truth is commended to
every man's conscience. It is said that Richard Bax-
ter, author of " The Saints' Everlasting Rest,'* felt
the force of miracles chiefly in his youth; in maturer
years he was more impressed by fulfilled prophecy;
and towards the end of his life he felt the deepest
satisfaction in his own ripe experience of the power
of the Gospel.
" If you are impatient, sit down quietly and coip
mune with Job
i2 Every Case Met.
*' If you are strong-headed, read of Moses and
" If you are weak-kneed, look at Elijah.
" If there is no song in your heart, listen to David.
*' If you are a politician, read Daniel.
" If you are getting sordid, read Isaiah.
'* If you are chilly, read of the beloved disciple.
" If your faith is low, read Paul.
"If you are getting lazy, watch James.
"If you are losing sight of the future, read in Rev-
elation of the promised land. '
In Psalm 119:165, we find these words: "Great
peace have they which love Thy law; and nothing
shall offend them." The study of God's Word will
secure peace. Take those Christians who are rootec/
and grounded in the Word of God, and you will find
they have great peace; but those who don't study
their Bible, and don't know their Bible, are easily
offended when some little trouble comes, or some
little persecution, and their peace is all disturbed;
just a little breath of opposition and their peace is aU
Sometimes I am amazed to see how little it takes
to drive all peace and comfort from some people
A slandering tongue will readily blast it. But if we
have the peace ot God, the world cannot take that
from us. It cannot give it; it cannot destroy it. We
must get it from above the world, it is the peace
which Christ gives. " Great peace have they which
love Thy law, and nothing shall offend them.'*
Christ says, " Blessed is he, whosoever shall not be
offended in Me.* Now, you will no*-ice that where*
P^asure and Projit in Bible Study. 13
ever there is a Bible-taught Christian, one who has
his Bible well marked, and who daily feeds upon the
Word with prayerful meditation, he will not be
Such are the. people who are growing and working
all the while. But it is the people who never open
their Bibles, who never study the Scriptures, who
become offended, and are wondering why they are
having such a hard time. They are the persons who
tell you that Christianity is not what it has been re-
commended to them; that they have found it is not all
that we claim it to be. The real trouble is, they
have not done as the Lord has told them to do.
They have neglected the Word of God. If they
had been studying the Word of God, they would
not be in that condition, they would not have wan-
dered these years away from God, living on the huskjs
of the world. They have neglected to care for the
new life, they haven't fed it, and the poor soul, being
starved, sinks into weakness and decay, and is easily
stumbled or offended. If a man is born of God, he
can not thrive without God.
I met a man who confessed his soul had fed on
nothing for forty years. " Well," said I, " that is
pretty hard for the soul — giving it nothing to feed
on! " That man is a type of thousands and tens of
thousands to-day; their poor souls are starving. We
take good care of this body that we inhabit for a day,
and then leave; we feed it three times a day, and we
clothe it, and deck it, and by and by it is going into
the grave to rot; but the inner man, that is to live on
una on forever, is lean and starved. " Man shall not
•14 The Christian s Guideheof:.
live by bread alone, but by every word that proceed-
eth out of the mouth of God."
THE GUIDEBOOK TO THE CHRISTIAN'S HOME.
If a man is traveling and does not know
where he is going to, or how he is going to get there,
you know he has a good deal of trouble, and does
not enjoy the trip as much as if he has a guidebook
at hand. It is not safe traveling, and he does not
know how to make through-connections. Now, the
Bible is a guidebook in the journey of life, and the
only one that points the way to Heaven. "Thy word
is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path.'*
Let us take heed then not to refuse the light and the
help it gives.
Doubting and Inqniri?ig — Proving — A Savour of Lih
unto Life, or Death nnto Death — U Jider standing tJie
Scriptures — Cavilling — Using the Penknife — TJie
Supernatural — Inspiration.
WE DO NOT ask men and women to believe
in the Bible without enquiry. It is not nat-
ural to man to accept the things of God without
question. If you are to be ready to give an answer
to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope
that is within }-ou, you must first be an enquirer
yourself. But do not be a dishonest doubter, with
your heart and mind proof against evidence. Do
not be a doubter because you think it is "intellectual ;'*
do not ventilate your doubts. " Give us your con-
victions," said a German wa'iter, " we have enough
doubts of our owm." Be like Thomas who did not
accept Jesus' offer to feel the nail-prints in His hand
and side; his heart was open to conviction. " Faith,"
says John McNeill, '* is not to be obtained at your
If you are filled with the Word of. God, there will
not be any doubts. A lady said to me once, "Don't
you have any doubts?" No, I don't. have. time— rtoo
much work to be done. Some people live\on doubt.
It is, their stock in trade. I believe the. reason
there are so niany Christians who are without the full
evidence of the relationship, with whom you only see
the Christian graces cropping out every now and
then, is that the Bible is not taken for doctrine, re-
proof and instruction.
Now the request comes: ** I wish you would
prove to me that the Bible is true." Thv Book will
prove itself if you will let it; there is living power in
it. *' For this cause also we thank God without ceas-
ing, because when ye received the Word of God
which ye heard ol us, ye received it not as the word
of men, but as it is in truth, the Word of God, which
effectually workcth also in you that believe." It
does not need defence so much as it needs studying.
It can defend itself. It is not a sickly child that
needs nursing. A Christian man was once talking
to a skeptic who said he did not believe the Bible.
The man read certain passages, but the skeptic said
again, " I don't believe a word of it." The man
kept on reading until finally the skeptic w^as con-
victed; and the other added: "When I have proved
a good sword, I keep using it." That is what we
want to-day. It is not our work to make men be-
lieve: that is the work of the Holy Spirit.
CONVICTED — LOST — SAVED.
A man once sat down to read it an hour each
evening with his wife. In a few evenings he stopped
in the midst of his reading and said: "Wife, if this
Book is true, we are wrong." He read on, and be-
fore long, stopped again and said: "Wife, if this
Book is true, we are lost." Riveted to the Book and
deeply anxious, he still read on, and soon ex-
claimed: "Wife, if this Book is true, we may be
saved." It was not many days before they were both
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, I7
converted. This is the one great end of the Book, lo
tell man of God's great salvation. Think of a book
that can lift up our drooping spirits, and recreate us
in God's image!
It is an awful responsibility to have such a book
and to neglect its warnings, to reject its teachings.
It is either the savour of death unto death, or of life
unto life. What if God should withdraw it, and say:
'T will not trouble you with it any more?"
You ask what you are going to do when you come
to a thing you cannot understand. I thank God there
is a height in that Book I do not know anything
about, a depth I have never been able to fathom, and
it makes the Book all the more fascinating. If I
could take that Book up and read it as I can any
other book and understand it at one reading, I should
have lost faith in it years ago. It is one of the
strongest proofs that that Book must have come from
God, that the acutest men who have dug for fifty
years have laid down their pens and said, " There is
a depth we know nothing of." "No scripture," said
Spurgeon, "is exhausted by a single explanation .
The flowers of God's garden bloom, not only double,
but sevenfold: they are continually pouring forth
fresh fragrance." A man came to me with a difficult
passage some time ago and said, "Moody, what do
you do with that? " "I do not do anything with it."
"How -do you understand it?" "I do not understand
it." "How do you explain it?" "I do not explain
it." "What do you do with it?" "I do not do any-
thing.*' "You do not believe it, do you?" "Oh,
yes, I belkve it." There are lots of things I do not
! 8 Un dcrstati dijig th c Scriptu res .
Mnderstand, but I believe them. I do not know any-
ching about higher mathematics, but I believe in
them. I do not understand astronomy, but I believe
in astronomy. Can you tell me why the same kind
of food turns into flesh, fish, hair, feathers, hoofs,
nnger-nails — according as it is eaten by one animal
or another? A man told me a while ago he could
not believe a thing he had never seen. I said,
"Man, did you ever see your brain?"
Dr. Talmage tells the story that one day while he
was bothering his theological professor with ques-
tions about the mysteries of the Bible, the latter
turned on him and said: " Mr. Talmage, you will
have to let God know some things you don't."
A man once said to an infidel: "The mysteries of
the Bible don't bother me. I read the Bible as I eat
fish. When I am eating fish and come across a bone.
I don't try to swallow it, I lay it aside. And when I
am reading the Bible and come across something I
can't understand, I say, 'There is a bone,' and I pass
it by. But I don't throw the fish away because of
the bones in it; and I don't throw my Bible away
because of a few passages I can't explain."
Pascal said, " Human knowledge must be under-
stood in ordei to be loved; but Divine knowledge
must be loved to be understood." That marks the
point of failure of most critics of the Bible. They
do not make their brain the servant of their heart.
Did you ever notice that the things that men cavil
most about are the very things to which Christ has
set His seal? Men say, "You don't believe in the
story of Noah and the flood, do you? " Well, if 1
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, |0
give it up, I must give up the Gospel, I must give
up the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christ believed in
.he story of Noah, and connected that with His re-
turn to earth. " As the days of Noah were, so shall
also the coming of the Son of man be," Men say,
"You don't believe in the story of Lot and Sodom,
do you?" Just as much as I believe the teach-
ings of Jesus Christ. " As it was in the days of Lot
even thus shall it be in the day when
the Son of man is revealed." Men say, " You don't
believe in the story of Lot's wife, do you?" Christ
believed it. " Remember Lot's wife." " You don't
believe the story of Israel looking to a brass serpent
for deliverance, do you?" Christ believed it and
connected it with His own cross. "As Moses lifted
up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the
Son of man be lifted up: that whosever believeth in
Him should not perish but have eternal life."
Men say, " You don't believe the children of Israel
were fed with manna in the desert, do you?" " Our
fathers did eat manna in the desert; . . . Verily,
verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that
bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the
true bread from heaven." Men say, " You don't
believe they drank water that came out of a rock? "
Christ believed it and taught it. Men say, " You
don't believe in the story of Elijah being fed by the
widow, do you? " Certainly. Christ said there were
many widows in the days of Elijah, but Elijah was
fed by only one widow. Christ referred to it Him-
self, He set His seal to it. The Son of God believed
it, and, "shall the servant be above his master?"
JONAH AND THE WHALE.
Men say, "Well, you don't believe in the story of
Jonah and the whale, do you? " I want to tell you
I do believe it. A few years ago there was a man
whom some one thought a little unsound, and they
didn't want him to speak on the Northfield platform.
I said, "I will soon find out whether or not he Is
sound." I asked him, " Do you believe the
whale swallowed Jonah?" "Yes," he said, "I
do." I said " All right, then I want you to come and
speak." He came and gave a lecture on Jonah. In
Matthew they twice-asked Jesus for a sign, and He
said the only sign this generation shall have shall be
the sign of Jonah in the whale*s belly. He con-
nected that with His resurrection, and I honestly be-
lieve that if we overthrow the one, we must over-
throw the other. As you get along in life and have
perhaps as many friends on the other side of the
river as you have on this side, you will get about as
much comfort out of the story of the resurrection
as any other story in the Bible. Christ had no
doubt about the story. He said His resurrection
would be a sign like that given unto the Ninevites.
It was the resurrected man Jonah who walked through
the streets of Nineveh. It must be supposed that
the men of Nineveh had heard of Jonah being thrown
overboard and swallowed by a great fish. I think it
is a master-stroke of Satan to make us doubt the
resurrection. But these modern philosophers have
made a discovery. They say a whale's throat is no
larger than a man's fist, and it is a physical impossi-
bility for a whale to swallow a man. The book of
Jonah says that God prepared a great fish to swallow
Pleasure and Profit m Bible Study, 21
Jonah. Couldn't God make a fish large enough to
swallow Jonah? If God could create a world, 1
think He could create a fish large enough to swallow
a million men. As the old woman said, *' Could He
not, if He chose, prepare a man that could swallow a
whale?" A couple of these modern philosophers
were going to Europe some time ago, and a Scotch
friend of mine was on board who knew his Bible
pretty well. They got to talking about the Bible,
and one of them said: ** I am a scientific man, and I
have made some investigation of that Book, and I
have taken up some of the statements in it, and I
have examined them, and I pronounce them untrue.
There is a statement in the Bible that Balaam's ass
spoke. I have taken pains to examine the mouth of
an ass and it is so formed that it could not speak."
My friend stood it as long as he could and then
said, " Eh, mon, you make the ass and I will make
him speak." The idea that God could not speak
through the mouth of an ass!
CLIPPING THE BIBLE.
There is another class. It is quite fashionable for
people to say, " Yes, I believe the Bible, but not
the supernatural. I believe everything that corre-
sponds with this reason of mine." They go on read-
ing the Bible with a pen-knife, cutting out this and
that. Now, if I have a right to cut out a certain
portion of the Bible, I don't know why one of my
friends has not a right to cut out another, and
another friend to cut out another part, and so on.
You would have a queer kind of Bible if everybody
cut out what he wanted to. Every adulterer would
cut out cvexything about adultery; every liar would
12 Using the Penknife.
cut out everything about lying; every drunkard would
be cutting out what he didn't like. Once, a gentle-
man took his Bible around to his minister's and said,
"That is your Bible." "Why do you call it my
Bible?" said the minister. "Well," replied the
gentleman, " I have been sitting under your preach-
ing for five years, and when you said that a thing in the
Bible was not authentic, I cut it out." He had about
a third of the Bible cut out; all of Job, all of Eccles-
iastes and Revelation, and a good deal besides. The
minister wanted him to leave the Bible with him; he
didn't want the rest of his congregation to see it.
But the man said, " Oh, no! I have the covers left,
and I will hold on to them." And off he went hold-
ing on to the covers. If you believed what some
men preach, you would have nothing but the covers
left in a few months. I have often said that if I am
going to throw away the Bible, I will throw it all
into the fire at once. There is no need of waiting
five years to do what you can do as well at once. I
have yet to find a man who begins to pick at the
Bible that does not pick it all to pieces in a little
while. A minister whom I met awhile ago said to
me, " Moody, I have given up preaching except out
of the four Gospels. I have given up all the Epis-
tles, and all the Old Testament; and I do not know
why I cannot go to the fountain head and preach as
Paul did. I believe the Gospels are all there is that
is authentic." It was not long before he gave up
the four Gospels, and finally gave up the ministry.
He- gave up the Bible, and God gave him up.
A prophet who had been sent to a city to warn the
Wicked, was commanded not to eat meat within its
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Sttid) 1%
walls. He was afterwards deceived into doing so by
an old prophet, who told him that an angel had come
to him and said he might return and eat with him.
That prophet was destroyed by a lion for his diso-
bedience. If an angel should come and tell a
different story from that in the Book, don't believe
it. I am tired and sick of people following men.
It is written, "though an angel from heaven preach
any other gospel, let him be accursed." Do you
think with more light before us than the prophet had
that we can disobey God's Word with impunity?
THE SUPERNATURAL IN THE BIBLE.
It is a most absurd statement for a man to say he
will have nothing to do with the supernatural, will
not believe the supernatural. If you are going to
throw off the supernatural, you might as well burn
your Bibles at once. You take the supernatural out of
that Book and you have taken Jesus Christ out of it,
you have taken out the best part of the Book. There
is no part of the Bible that does not teach supernat-
ural things. In Genesis it says that Abraham fell on
his face and God talked with him. That is supernat-
ural. If that did not take place, the man who wrote
Genesis wrote a lie, and out goes Genesis. In
Exodus you find the ten plagues which came upon
Egypt. If that is not true, the writer of Exodus
was a liar. Then in Leviticus it is said that fire
consumed the two sons of Aaron. That was a sup-
ernatural event, and if that was not true we must
throw out the whole book.
In Numbers is the story of the brazen serpent.
And so with every book in the Old Testament; there
5 not one in which you do not find something
24 The Supernatural.
supernatural. There are more supernatural things
about Jesus Christ than in any other portion of the
Bible, and the last thing a man is willing to give up
is the four Gospels. Five hundred years before His
birth, the angel Gabriel came down and told Daniel
that He should be born. "And whiles I was speak-
ing in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had
seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to
fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening
oblation." Again, Gabriel comes down to Nazareth
and tells the Virgin that she should be ♦■he mother of-
the Saviour. ''Behold, thou shalt conceive in thy
womb and bring forth a Son, and shalt call his
name Jesus." We find, too, that the angel went into
the temple and told Zacharias that he was to be the
father of John the Baptist, the forerunner of the
Messiah; Zacharias was struck dumb for nine months
because of his unbelief. Then when Christ was
born, we find angels appearing to the shepherds at
Bethlehem, telling them of the birth of the Saviour.
"Unto you is born this day in the city of David a
Saviour, which is Christ the Lord." The wise men
seeing the star in the east and following it was surely
supernatural. So was the warning that God sent to
Joseph in a dream, telling him to flee to Egypt. So
was the fact of our Lord's going into the temple at
the age of twelve, discussing with the doctors, and
being a match for them all. So were the circum-
stances attending His baptism, when God spake
from heaven, saying: "This is my beloved Son."
For three and a half years Jesus trod the streets
and highways of Palestine. Think of the many won-
derful miracles that He wrought during those years.
Pleasure and Profit in Bibld Study. 25
One day He speaks to the leper and he is made whole ;
one day He speaks to the sea and it obeys Him.
When He died the sun refused to look upon the
scene; this old world recognized Him and reeled and
rocked like a drunken man. And when He burst
asunder the bands of death and came out of Joseph's
sepulchre, that was supernatural. Christmas Evans,
the great Welsh preacher, says: "Many reforma-
tions die with the reformer, but this reformer ever
lives to carry on His reformation." Thank God we
do not worship a dead Jew. If we worshipped a
dead Jew, we would not have been quickened and
have received life in our souls. I thank God our
Christ is a supernatural Christ, and this Book a su-
pernatural Book, and I thank God I live in a country
where it is so free that all men can read it.
Some people think we are deluded, that this is
imagination. Well, it is a glorious imagination, is it
not? It has lasted between thirty and forty years
with me, and I think it is going to last while I liv^e,
and when I go into another world. Some one, when
reading about Paul, said he was mad. Well, it was
replied, if he was he had a good keeper on the way,
and a good asylum at the end of the route. I wish
we had a lot of mad men in America just now like
When Paul wrote to Timothy that all Scripture
was given by inspiration of God and was profitable,
he meant what he said. ••Well," some say, "do you
believe all Scripture is given by inspiration?*'
Yes, every word of it; but I don't believe all the
actions and incidents it tells of were inspired. For
instance, wnen the devil told a lie he was not inspired
to tell a lie, and when a wicked man like Ahab said
anything, he was not inspired; but some one was in-
spired to write it, and so all was given by inspiration
and is profitable.
Inspiration must have been verbal in many, if not
in all, cases. Peter tells us, regarding salvation
through the sufferings of Christ:
"Of which salvation the prophets have enqjired
and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace
that should come unto you. Searching what or what
manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in
them did signify, when it testified beforehand the
sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should fol-
low. Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto
themselves, but unto us they did minister the things,
which are now reported unto you by them that have
preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost
sent down from heaven; which things the angels
desire to look into."
So that the prophets themselves had to enquire
and search diligently regarding the words they
uttered under the inspiration of the Spirit.
A man said to a young convert: "How can you
prove that the Bible is inspired?" He replied, " Be-
cause it inspires me." I think that is pretty
good proof. Let the Word of God into your soul,
and it will inspire you, it can not help it.
The Old and the New Testarne?its.
I WANT to show how absurd it is for anyone to
say he believes the New Testament and not the
Old. It is a very interesting fact that of the thirty-
nine books of the Old Testament, it is recorded that our
Lord made quotations from no less than twenty-two.
Very possibly He may have quoted from all of them;
for we have only fragments reported of what He
said and did. You know the Apostle John tells us
that the world could scarcely contain the books that
could be written, if all the sayings and doings of our
Lord were recorded. About eight hundred and fifty
passages in the Old Testament are quoted or alluded
to in the New; only a few occurring more than
In the Gospel by Matthew there are over a hun-
dred quotations from twenty of the books in the Old
Testament. In the Gospel of Mark there are fifteen
quotations taken from thirteen cf the books. In the
Gospel of Luke there are thirty-four quotations from
thirteen books. In the Gospel of John there are
eleven quotations from six books. In the four Gos-
pels alone there arc more than one hundred and sixty
quotations from the Old Testament. You some-
times hear men saying they do not believe all the
Bible, but they believ^ the teaching of Jesus Christ in
the four Gospels. Well, if 1 believe that, I have to
2i The Old and the New Testament.
accept these hundred and sixty quotations from the
Old Testament. In Paul's letter to the Corinthians
there are fifty-three quotations from the Old Testa-
ment; sometimes he takes whole paragraphs from
it. In Hebrews there are eighty-five quotations, in
that one book of thirteen chapters. In Galatians,
sixteen quotations. In the book of Revelation alone,
there are two hundred and forty-five quotations and
A great many want to throw out the Old Testa*
ment. It is good historic reading, they say, but they
don't believe it is a part of the Word of God, and
don't regard it as essential in the scheme of salva-
tion. The last letter Paul wrote contained the fol-
lowing words: "And that from a child thou hast
known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make
thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in
Christ Jesus." All the Scriptures which the apostles
possessed were the Old Testament.
When skeptics attack its truths, these find it con-
venient to say, "Well, we don't endorse all that is in
the Old Testament," and thus they avoid an argu-
ment in defence of the Scriptures. It is very im-
portant that every Christian should not only know
what the Old Testament teaches, but he should ac-
cept its truths, because it is upon this that truth is
based. Peter said the Scriptures are not given for
any private interpretation, and in speaking of the
Scriptures, referred to the Old Testament and not to
If the Old Testament Scriptures are not true, do
you think Christ would have so often' referred to
them, and said the Scriptures must be fulfilled?
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 29
When toid by the tempter that He might call down
the angels from heaven to interpose in riis behalf,
he said: "Thus it is written." Christ gave Himself
up as a sacrifice that the Scriptures might be ful-
filled. Was it not said that He was numbered with
the transgressors? And when He talked with two
of His disciples by the way journeying to Emmaus,
after His resurrection, did He not say: "Ought not
these things to be? am I not to suffer?" And be-
ginning at Moses He explained unto them in all the
Scriptures concerning Himselt, for the one theme of
the Old Testament is the Messiah. In Psalm 40:7,
it says: *Tn the volume of the book it is written
of me." "What Bookr asks Luther, "and what
Person? There is only one book — the Bible; and
only one person — Jesus Christ." Christ referred to
the Scriptures and their fulfillment in Him, not only
after He arose from the dead, but in the book of
Revelation He used them in Heaven. He spoke
to John of them on the Isle of Patmos, and used the
very things in them that men are trying to cast out.
He never found fault with or rejected them.
If Jesus Christ could use the Old Testament, let
us use it. May God deliver us from the one-sided
Christian who reads only the New Testament and
talks against the Old!
^*Afy Word shall not Pass Away — Printing' the Revised
Version in Chicago — Circulatiofi of the Bible.
CHRIST speaking of the law, said: "One jot or
one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law until
all be fulfilled." In another place He said: "Heaven
and earth shall pass away, but my Word shall not
pass away." Now, let us keep in mind that the only
Scripture the apostles and Christ had was the Old
Testament. The New Testament was not written.
I will put that as the old and new covenant. "One
jot or tittle of the law shall in no wise pass away
until all be fulfilled," — the old covenant; and then
Christ comes and adds these words: "Heaven and
earth shall pass away, but my Word shall not pass
away," — the new covenant. Now, notice how thai
has been fulfilled. There was no short-hand re-
porter following Him around taking down His
words; there were no papers to print the sermons,
and they wouldn't have printed His sermons if there
had been any daily papers — the whole church and
all the religious world were against Him. I can see
one of your modern free-thinkers standing near Him,
and he hears Christ say: "Heaven and earth shall
pass away, but my Word shall not pass away." I see
the scornful look on his face as he says: "Hear that
Jewish peasant talk! Did you ever hear such con-
ceit, such madness? He says Heaven and earth
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 31
shall pass away, but His Word shall not pass away."
My friend, I want to ask you this question — have
they passed away? Do you know that the sun has
shone on more Bibles to-day than ever before in the
history of the world? There have been more Bibles
printed in the last ten years than in the first eighteen
hunidred years. They tried in the dark ages to
chain it, and keep it from the nations, but God has
preserved it, and the British and American Bible
Societies print thousands of Bibles every day. One
house in New York has sold one hundred thousand
Oxford Bibles during the last year.
PRINTING THE REVISED VERSION.
Suppose some one had said that when we had a
revised version of the New Testament, it was going
to have such a large circulation — men reading it
wherever the English language is spoken — the state-
ment would hardly have been believed. The new
version came out in New York on a Friday — on the
same day that it was published in London. Chicago
did not want to be behind New York. At that time
.ne quickest train between the two cities could not
accomplished the journey in less than about twenty-
six hours. It would be late on Saturday afternoon
before the copies could reach Chicago, and the
stores would be closed. So one of the Chicago
daily papers set ninety operators at work and had
the whole of the new version, from Matthew to Rev-
elation, telegraphed to Chicago on Friday; it was
put at once into print and sold on the streets of that
city next day. If some one had said years ago, be-
fore telegraphs were introduced, that this would be
32 My Word Shall Not Pass Away.
rlone, it would have been thought an impossibility.
Yet it has been done.
Notwithstanding all that skeptics and infidels say
against the old Book, it goes on its way. These ob-
jectors remind one of a dog barking at the moon;
the moon goes on shining just the same. Atheists
keep on writing against the Bible; but they do not
make much progress, do they? It is being spread
all abroad — silently, and without any blasts of trum-
pets. The lighthouse does not blow a trumpet; it
goes on shedding its light all around. So the Bible
is lighting up the nations of the earth. It is said
that a lecturer on Secularism was once asked, "Why
can't you let the Bible alone, if you don't believe
it?' The honest reply was at once made, "Because
the Bible won't let me alone."
CIRCULATION OF THE BIBLE.
The Bible was about the first book ever printed, and
to-day New Testaments are printed in three hundred
and fifty-three different languages, and are going to the
very corners of the earth. Wherever the Bible has
not been translated, the people have no literature.
It will not be long before the words of Jesus Christ
will penetrate the darkest parts of the earth, and the
darkest islands of the sea. When Christ said, "The
Scriptures can not be broken," He meant every
word He said. Devil and man and hell have been
in league for centuries to try to break the Word of
God, but they can not do it. If you get it for your
footing, you have good footing for time and eternity.
"Heaven anu earth shall pass away, but my Word
shall not pass away.'* My friends, that Word is go*
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 33
ing to live, and there is no power in perdition or
earth to blot it out.
What we want to-day is men who believe in it
from the crown of their heads to the soles of their
feet, who believe the whole of it, the things they
understand and the things they do not understand.
Talk about the things you understand, and lea\e
the things you do not. I believe that is one reason
why the English and the Scotch Christians have got
ahead of us, because they study the whole Bible. 1
venture to say that there are hundreds of Bible read-
ings in London every night. You know there are a
good many Christians who are good in spots and
mighty poor in other spots, because they do nc^t
take the whole sweep of the Bible. When I w^ent to
Scotland I had to be very careful how I quoted tnt
Bible. Some friend would tell me after the meeting
\ was quoting it wrong.
htdfiUcd Prophecy — Unexplored Con7itry — Babylon—
Nineveh — Tyre— Jerusalem — Egypt — The Jew.
1KN0W knothing that will upset an honest skep-
tic quicker \\\-d.\\ fulfilled prophecy , There are very
few Christians who think of studying this subject.
They say that prophecies are so mysterious, and
there is question about their being fulfilled. Now
the Bible does not say that prophecy is a dark sub-
ject, to be avoided; but rather that " we have a more
sure word oi prophecy, whereunto ye do well thai
ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth i^ a darK
place, until the day dawn and the daystar arise in
your hearts." Prophecy is history unfulfilled, and
history is prophecy fulfilled.
When I was a boy I was taught that all beyond
the Mississippi river was the great American desert.
But when the first pick-axe struck into the Corn-
stock lode, and they took out more than one hun
dred million dollars' worth of silver, the nation re-
alized .'hat there was no desert: and to-day that part
of the country — Nevada, Colorado, Utah and other
western states — is some of the most valuable we
possess. Think of the busy cities and flourishing
states that have sprung up among the mountains!
So with many portions of the Bible: people never
think of reading them. They are living on a few
verses and chapters. The greater part of the Biblr
Pleasure aud Profit in Bible Study, 35
was written by prophets, yet you never hear a ser-
mon preached on prophecy.
Between five and six hundred Old Testament
prophecies have been remarkably and literally ful-
filled, and two hundred in regard to Jesus Christ
alone. Not a thing happened to Jesus Christ that
was not prophesied from seventeen hundred to four
hundred years before He was born.
Take the four great cities that existed in the days
when the Old Testament was written, and you will
find that prophecies regarding them have been ful-
filled to the letter. Let me call your attention to a
First regarding Babylon — "And Babylon, the glory
ot kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency,
shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomor-
rah. It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be
dwelt in from generation to generation; neither shall
the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shep-
herds make their fold there. But wild beasts of the
desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full
of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and
satyrs shall dance there. And the wild beasts of the
islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and drag-
ons in their pleasant palaces; and her time is near
to come, and her days shall not be prolonged."
And again: "The word that the Lord spake
against Babylon and against the land of the Chal-
deans by Jeremiah the Prophet. Declare ye among
the nations, and publish and set up a standard; pub-
lish and conceal not; say, Babylon is taken, Bel is
confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols
3ll Fulfilled Prophecy.
are confounded, her images are broken in pieces.
For out of the north there cometh a nation against
her; which shall make her land desolate, and none
shall dwell therein; they shall remove, they shall
depart, both man and beast." "Because of the wrath
of the Lord it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be
wholly desolate; every one that goeth by Babylon
shall be astonished, and hiss at all her plagues."
"How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder
and broken! How is Babylon become a desolation
among the nations! I have laid a snare for thee,
and thou art taken, oh Babylon, and thou wast not
aware; thou art found, and also caught, because thou
hast striven against the Lord."
A hundred years before Nebucadnezzar ascended
the throne, it was foretold how Babylon should be
destroyed, and it came to pass. Scholars tell us
that the city stood in the midst of a large and fruit-
ful plain. It was enclosed by a wall four hundred
and eighty furlongs square. Each side of the square
had twenty gates of solid brass, and at every corner
was a strong tower, ten feet higher than the wall.
The wall was eighty-seven feet broad, and three
hundred and fifty feet high. These figures give us
an idea of the importance of Babylon. Yet nothing
but ruins now remain to tell of its former grandeur.
When Babylon was in its glory, the queen of the
earth, prophets predicted that it would be destroyed;
and how literally was it fulfilled!
A friend going through the valley of the Euph-
rates tried to get his dragoman to pitch his- tent
near the ruins, and failed. . No Arabian pitches his
tent there, no shepherd will dwell near the ruins.
Phasure ami Profit in BibU Stu^. jf
Now take Nineveh. *' And I will cast abominable
filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee
as a gazingstock. And it shall come to pass, that all
they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say,
Ninev^ch is laid waste; who will bemoan her? Whence
shall I seek comforters for thee?" Now, how are
you going to cover the city up? " I will cast upon
her abominable filth." How are you going to cast
abominable filth upon the city? And yet for 2,500
years Nineveh was buried and an abominable filth
lay upon her. But now they have dug up the ruins,
and brought them to Paris and London, and you go
into the British museum, and there is not a day ex-
cept the Sabbath but what you can see men from all
parts of the world gazing upon the ruins. It is just
as the prophets prophesied. For 2,500 years Nine-
veh was buried, but it is no longer buried.
Then look at Tyre: "Therefore thus saith the
Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, Oh Tyrus,
and will cause many nations to come up against
thee, as the sea causeth his waves to come up. And
they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus and break
down her towers; I will also scrape her dust from
her, and make her like the top of a rock. It shall
be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of
the sea, for I have spoken it, saith the Lord God,
and it shall become a spoil to the nations." Coffin,
who was correspondent o^ the 'Qosion Journal during
the war, went round the world after the war was over
in '68. One night he came to the site of old Tyre,
and he said the sun was just going down, and he got
_j8 Fulfilled Prophecy.
his dragoman to pitch his tent right over by the
ruins, where the rocks were scraped bare, and
he took out his Bible and read where it says, " It
shall be a place for the spreading of nets." He
said the fishermen had done fishing and were just
spreading their nets on the rocks of Tyre, precisely
as it was prophesied hundreds and hundreds of years
before. Now mark you! When they prophesied
against these great cities, they were like London,
Paris and New York in their glory, but their glory
Now take the prophecy in regard to Jerusalem:
" And when He was come near. He beheld the city,
and wept over it saying, If thou hadst known,
even thou at least in this thy day, the things which
belong unto thy peace: But now they are hid from
thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that
thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and com-
pass thee round, and keep thee in on every side."
Didn't Titus do that? Did'nt the Roman Emperor
do that very thing? ** And shall lay thee even with
the ground, and thy children within thee; and they
shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; be-
cause thou knewest not the time of thy visitation."
I have read of two Rabbis going up to Jerusalem,
and they saw a fox playing upon the wall; one began
to weep when he thus locked at the desolation of
Zion. The other smiled and rebuked him, saying
that the spectacle was a proof that the Word of God
was true, and that this was one of the prophecies
which should be fulfilled — " Because of the moun-
tain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk upon
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 39
it." It was also said tliat Jerusalem should be as a
ploughed field. This prophecy has also been ful-
filled. The modern city is so restricted that out-
side of the walls, where part of the old city stood,
the plough has been used.
Now take the prophecies regarding Egypt: " It
shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it
exalt itself any more above the nations; for I will
diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the
nations." Now, mark you! Egypt was in its glory
when this was prophesied. It was a great and mighty
empire, but for centuries it has been the basest of
all nations. They have not got a native prince or
king to reign over them. The man that is reigning
over them now is not an Egyptian, but he is some
foreigner, and so it has been.
Then, again, the prophecy of Balaam with regard
to the Jews has been already greatly fulfilled. " Lo,
the people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reck-
oned among the nations. Who can count the dust
of Jacob, and the number of the fourth part of Is-
rael?" The Jews were not to be reckoned amongst
the nations. There is something in this people*s
looks and habits that God continues to perpetuate,
just, as I believe, to make them witnesses in every
land of the truth of the Bible.
The race has remained all these centuries separate
and distinct from other nations. In America there
are all kinds of nationalities. Take an Irishman,
and in a generation he will have forgotton his nation-
•4ity. So, too, with the Germans, Italians, and
40 Fulfilled Prophc'cy.
French; but the Jew is as much a Jew as he was
when he came over one hundred years ago. See
how the race has been persecuted, yet the Jews con-
trol the finances of the world and can not be kep:
down. Egypt, Edom, Assyria, Babylon, Persia,
Rome, and all the leading nations of the earth have
sought to crush out the Jews. Frederick the Great
said, " Touch them not, for no one has done so and
prospered." The people are the same now as they
were in the days of Pharoah, when he tried to des-
troy all the male children. The prophecy is ful-
filled — God has made the nation numerous and
united. The time is coming when God will reinstate
the Jew. " For the children of Israel shall abide
many days without a King, and without a Prince,
and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and
without an ephod, and without teraphim." Are
they not without a King, without a nation, and with-
out a sacrifice? Are they not scattered among the
nations of the earth, a separate and distinct people?
and they do not bow down to idols. Their last King
they crucified, and they will never have another un-
til they restore Him. He was Jesus Christ, as in-
scribed upon His cross, ** The King of the Jews."
Wc see how it was prophesied that Eli should
suffer. He was God's own high priest, and the only
thing against him was that he did not obey God's
word faithfully and diligently. He was like a good
many nowadays. He was one of these good-na-
tured old men who don't want to make people un-
comfortable by saying unpleasant things, so he let
bis two boys go on in neglect, and did not restrain
Pleasure and Profit in BibU Study. 41
them. He was just like some ministers. Oh! let
every minister tell the truth, though he preach him-
self out of his pulpit. Everything- went all right for
twenty years, but then came fulfilment of the pro-
phecy. God's ark was taken, the army of Israel was
routed by the Philistines; Hophni and Phineas, old
Eli's two sons, were killed, and when the old man
heard of it, he fell back in his chair, broke his neck
and died. So with King Ahab, taking the sin-
ful advice of Jezebel. Naboth would not sell him
that piece of land, so they got him out of the way.
Three years afterwards the dogs licked Ahab's blood
?rom his chariot in the very spot where Naboth's
•lad been murderously shed
Text Preaching and Expository Preaching — Peter and
Paul at Jenisaletn — Oratorical PreacJiing.
HERE is a word of counsel for young men who
have their eye on the ministry. If you take
my advice, you will seek not to be a text preacher,
but an expository preacher. I believe that what this
country wants is the Word of God. There is no
book that will draw the people like the Bible. One
of the professors of the Chicago University gave
some lectures on the Book of Job, and there was no
building large enough to hold the people. If the
Bible only has a chance to speak fcr itself, it will in-
terest the people. I am tired and sick of mora'
essays. It would take about a ton of them to coii
vert a child five years old. A man was talking of a
certain church once, and said he liked it because the
preacher never touched on politics and religion —
just read nice little essays. Give the people the
Word of God. Some men only use the Bible
as a text book. They get a text and away they
go. They go up in a balloon and talk about
astronomy, and then go down and give you a little
geology, and next Sunday they go on in the same
way, and then they wonder why it is people do not
read their Bibles. I used to think Charles Spurgeon
was about as good a preacher as I ever knew, but I
used rather hear him expound the Scripturt: than
Pkasuri: an J Profit in Bible Study. ■ 43
listen to all his sermons. Why is it that Dr. John
Hail has held his audience so long? tie opens his
Bible and expounds. How was it that Andrew Bonar
held his audience in Glasgow? He had a weak
voice, people could hardly hear him, yet thirteen hun-
dred people would file into his church twice every Sab-
bath, and many of them took notes, and they would
go home and send his sermons all over the world.
It was Dr. Bonar's custom to lead his congregation
through the study of the Bible, book by book.
There was not a part of the Bible in which he could
not find Christ. I preached five months in Glasgow,
and there was not a ward or a district in the city in
which I did not find the influence of that man.
A REMINISCENCE OF DR. ANDREW BONAR.
I was in London in '84 and a barrister had come
down from Edinburgh. He said he went through to
Glasgow a few weeks before to spend Sunday, and he
was fortunate enough to hear Andrew Bonar. He
said he happened to be there the Sunday Dr. Bonar
got to that part of the Epistle of Galatians where it
says that Paul went up to Jerusalem to see Peter.
"Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem
to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days."
He let his imagination roam. He said one day he
could imagine they had been very busy and they
were tired, and all at once Peter turned to Paul
and said, " Paul, wouldn't you like to take a little
walk?" And Paul said he would. So they went
down through the streets of Jerusalem arm in arm,
over the brook Cedron, and all at once Peter
stopped and said, " Look, Paul, this is the very spot
where He wrestled, and where He suffered and
44 Text Pr^achin^ and Expository Preaching,
sweat great drops of blood. There is the very spot
where John and James fell asleep, right there. And
right here is the very spot where I fell asleep. 1
don't think I should have denied Him if I hadn't
gone to sleep, but I was overcome. I remember the
last thing I heard Him say before I fell asleep was,
' Father, let this cup pass from me if it is Thy will.*
And when I awoke an angel stood right there where
you are standing, talking to Him, and I saw
great drops of blood come from His pores and
trickle down His cheeks. It wasn't long before Judas
came to betray Him. And I heard Him say to Judas
so kindly, ' Betrayest thou the Master with a kiss?*
And then they bound Him and led Him away.
That night when He was on trial I denied Him."
He pictured the whole scene. And the next day
Peter turned again to Paul and said, "Wouldn't you
like to take another walk to-day? " And Paul said
he would. That day they went to Calvary, and
when they got on the hill, Peter said, " Here, PauL
this is the very spot where He died for you and me.
See that hole right there? That is where His cross
stood. The believing thief hung there and the un-
believing thief there on the other side. Mary Mag-
dalene and Mary His mother stood there, and I
stood away on the outskirts of the crowd. The night
before when I denied Him, He looked at me so lov-
ingly that it broke my heart, and I couldn't bear to
get near enough to see Him. That was the darkest
hour of my life. I was in hopes that God would in-
tercede and take Him from the cross. I kept listen-
ing and I thought I would hear His voice." And he
pictured the whole scene, how they drove the spear
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Stnefy. 45
into His side and put the crown of thorns on His
brow, and all that took place.
And the next day Peter turned to Paul again and
asked him if he wouldn't like to take another walk.
And Paul said he would. Again they passed down
the streets of Jerusalem, over the brook Cedron, over
Mount Olivet, up to Bethphage, and over on to the
slope near Bethany. All at once Peter stopped and
said, "Here, Paul, this is the last place where I ever
saw Him. I never heard Him speak so sweetly as
He did that day. It was right here He delivered
His last message to us, and all at once I noticed that
His feet didn't touch the ground. He arose and
went up. All at once there came a cloud and
received Him out of sight. I stood right here gaz-
ing up into the heavens, in hopes I might see Him
again and hear Plim speak. And two men dressed
in white dropped down by our sides and stood there
and said, 'Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing
into heaven? This same Jesus which is taken up
from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner
as ye have seen Him. go into heaven.*"
My friends, I want to ask you this question : Do
you believe that picture is overdrawn ? Do you be-
lieve Peter had Paul as his guest and didn't take him
to Gethsemane, didn't take him to Calvary and to
Mount Olivet ? I myself spent eight days in Jeru-
salem, and every morning I wanted to steal down
into the garden where my Lord sweat great drops of
blood. Every day I climbed Mount Olivet and
looked up into the blue sky where He went to His
Father. I have no doubt Peter took Paul out on
those three walks. If there had been a man that
46 Text Preaching and Expository Preaching.
could have taken me to the very spot where u.y
Master sweat those great drops of blood, do you
think I wouldn't have asked him to take me there ?
If he could have told me where I could find the spot
where my Master's feet last touched this sin-cursed
earth and was taken up, do you think I wouldn't
have had him show it to me ?
I know there is a class of people who say that
kind of preaching won't do in this country.
" People want something oratorical." Well, there is
no doubt but that there are some who want to hear
oratorical sermons, but they forget them inside of
It a good thing for a minister to have the repu-
tation of feeding his people. A man once made
an artificial bee, which was so like C- real bee that
he challenged another man to tell the difference.
It made just such a buzzing as the live bee, and
looked the-same. The other said, "You put an arti-
ficial bee and a real bee down there, and I v/ih
tell you the difference pretty quickly." He then
put a drop of honey on the ground and the live bee
went for the honey. It is just so with us. There are
a lot of people who profess to be Christians, but they
are artificial, and they don't know when you give
them honey. The real bees go for honey every
time. People can get along without your theories
and opinions.- " Thus saith the Lord" — that is what
Reading and Studying—At Family Prayers — A Word
ill Season — Help fid Questions.
MERELY reading the Bible is not what God
wants. Again and again I am exhorted tc
"These were more noble than those in Thessa-
lonica, in that they received the word with all readi-
ness of mind, and searched the Scriptures daily,
whether those things were so."
" So they read in the book in the law of God dis-
tinctly, and gave the sense, and caused them to
understand the reading."
We must study it thoroughly, and hunt it through,
as it were, for some great truth. If a friend were to
see me searching about a building, and were to
come up and say, " Moody, what are you looking
for? have you lost something?" and I answered,
" No, I haven't lost anything; I'm not looking loi
anything particular," I fancy he would just let me go
on by myself, and think me very foolish. But if 1
were to say, "Yes, I have lost a dollar," why, then, I
might expect him to help me to find it. Read the
Bible, my friend^, as if you were seeking for somer
thing of value. It is a good deal better to .take a
sjngle chapter, and apend a month oa it,, than to. read
the Bible at random for.a. month. •
4€ Reading and Studying.
I used at one time to read so many chapters a day,
and if I did not get through my usual quantity 1
thought I was getting cold and backsliding. But,
mind you, if a man had asked me two hours after-
ward what I had read, I could not tell him; I had
forgotten it nearly all. When I was a boy I used,
among other things, to hoe corn on a farm; and I
used to hoe it so badly, in order to get over so much
ground, that at night I had to put down a stick in
the ground, so as to know next morning where I had
left off. That was somewhat in the same fashion as
running through so many chapters every day. A
man will say, "Wife, did I read that chapter?"
** Well," says she, " I don't remember." And neither
of them can recollect. And perhaps he reads the
same chapter over and over again; and they call that
" studying the Bible." I do not think there is a book-
in the world we neglect so much as the Bible.
Now, when you read the Bible at family worship
or for private devotions, look for suitable passages.
What would you think of a minister who went into
the pulpit on Sunday and opened the Bible at hazard
and commenced to read? Yet this is what most men
do at family prayers. They might as well go into a
drug store and swallow the first medicine their eye
happens to see Children would take more interest
in family prayers if the father would take time to
search for some passage to suit the special need.
For instance, if any member of the family is about
to travel, read Psalm 121. In time of trouble, read
Psalm 91. When the terrible accident happened to the
" Spree *' as we were crossing the Atlantic in Novem-
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 49
ber, 1892, and when none on board ship expected to
live to see the light of another sun, we held a prayer-
meeting, at which I read a portion of Psalm 107:
"They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in
"These see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the
"For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which
lifteth up the waves thereof.
"They mount up to the heaven, they go down again to the
depths : their soul is melted because of trouble.
"They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and
are at their wits' end.
"Then they cry unto the Lord in their trouble, and he bring-
eth them out of their distresses.
"He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are
"Then are they glad because they be quiet ; so he bringeth
them unto their desired haven.
"Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness and
for hrs wonderful works to the children of men ! "
A lady came to me afterwards and said I made it
up to suit the occasion.
I have seen questions that will help one to get
good out of every verse and passage of Scripture*
They may be used in family worship, or in studying
the Sabbath School lesson, or for prayer meeting, or
in private reading. It would be a good thing if
questions like these were pasted in the front of every
1. What persons have I read about, and what
have I learned about them?
2. What places have I read about, and what have
I read about them? If the place is not mentioned.
50 Helpful Questions,
can I find out where it is? Do I know its position
on the map?
3. Dc5s the passage refer to any particular time
In the history of the children of Israel, or of some
4. Can I tell from memory what I have just been
5. Are there any parallel passages or texts that
throw light on this passage?
6. Have I read anything about God the Father?
or about Jesus Christ? or about the Holy Spirit?
7. What have I read about myself ? about man's
sinful nature? about the spiritual new nature?
8. Is there any duty for me to observe? any ex-
ample to follow? any promise to lay hold of ? any
exhortation for my guidance? any prayer that 1
9. How is this Scripture profitable for doctrine?
for reproof ? for correction ? for instruction in
10. Does it contain the gospel in type or in evi-
11. What is the key verse of the chapter or pass-
age? Can I repeat it from memory?
How to Study the Bible — Feeding o?te's self^The Best
Law— Three Books Every Christiafi Should Possess
— The Bible i?t the Sabbath School.
SOMEONE has said that there are four things
necessary in studying the Bible: Admit, sub-
mit, commit and transmit. First, admit its truth;
second, submit to its teachings; third, commit it to
memory; and fourth, transmit it. If the Christian
life is a good thing for you, pass it on to some one
Now I want to tell you how I study the Bible.
Everyman cannot. fight in Saul's armor; and per-
haps you cannot follow my methods. Still I may be
able to throw out some suggestions that will help
you. Spurgeon used to prepare his sermon for Sun-
day morning on Saturday night. If I tried that, I
The quicker you learn to feed yourself the better.
I pity down deep in my heart any men or women
who have been attending some church or chapel for,
say five, ten, or twenty years, and yet have not
learned to feed themselves.
You know it is always regarded a great event in
the family when a child can feed itself. It is
propped up at table, and at first perhaps it uses the
spoon upside down, but by and by it uses it all right,
52 How to Study the BtbU.
and mother, or perhaps sister, claps her hands and
says, " Just see, baby's feeding himself! " Well,
what we need as Christians is to be able to feed
ourselves. How many theie are who sit helpless
and listless, with open mouths, hungry for spiritual
things, and the minister has to try to feed them,
while the Bible is a feast prepared, into which they
There are many who have been Christians for
twenty years who have still to be fed with an eccles-
iastical spoon. If they happen to have a minister
who feeds them, they get on pretty well; but if they
have not, they are not fed at all. This is the test as
to your being a true child of God — whether you love
and feed upon the Word of God. If you go out to
your garden and throw down some sawdust, the birds
will not take any notice; but if you throw down some
crumbs, you will find they will soon sweep down and
pick them up. So the true child of God can tell the
difference, so to speak, between sawdust and bread.
Many so-called Christians are living on the world's
sawdust, instead of being nourished by the Bread
that Cometh down from heaven. Nothing can sat-
isfy the longings of the soul but the Word of the
THE LAW OF PERSEVERANCE.
The best law for Bible study is the law of perse-
verance. The Psalmist says, " I have stuck unto thy
testimonies." Application to the Word will tend to
its growth within and its multiplication without.
Some people are like express-trains, they skii. along
so quickly that they see nothing.
I met a lawyer in Chicago who told me he had
PUasurg and Profit in Bible Study. ^3
Spent two years in studying up one subject; he was
trying to smash a will. He made it his business to
read everything on wills he could get. Then he went
into court and he talked two days about that will; he
was full of it; he could not talk about anything else
but wills. That is the way with the Bible — study it
and study it, one subject at a time, until you become
filled with it.
Read the Bible itself — do not spend all your time
on commentaries and helps. If a man spent all his
time reading up the chemical constituents of bread
and milk, he would soon starve.
THREE BOOKS REQUIRED.
There are three books which I think every Chris-
tian ought to possess.
The first, of course, is the Bible. I believe in get-
ting a good Bible, with a good plain print. I have
not much love for those little Bibles which you have
to hold right under your nose in order to read the
print; and if the church happens to be a little dark,
you cannot see the print, but it becomes a mere
jumble of words. Yes, but some one will say you
cannot carry a big Bible in your pocket. Very well,
then, carry it under your arm; and if you have to
walk five miles, you will just be preaching a sermon
five miles long. I have known a man convicted by
seeing another carrying his Bible under his arm.
You are not ashamed to carry hymn-books and
prayer-books, and the Bible is worth all the hymn-
books and prayer-books in the world put together,
If you get a good Bible you are likely to take better
care of it. Suppose you pay ten dollars for a good
Bible, the older you grow the more precious it will be-
54 Three Books Required.
come to you. But be sure you do not get one so good
that you will be afraid to mark it. I don't like gilt-
edged Bibles that look as if they had never been
Then next I would advise you to get a Cruden's
Concordance. I was a Christian about five years
before I ever heard of it. A skeptic in Boston got
hold of me. I didn't know anything about the Bible
and I tried to defend the Bible and Christianity. He
made a misquotation and I said it wasn't in the Bible.-
I hunted for days and days. If I had had a concor-
dance I could have found it at once. It is a good
thing for ministers once in a while to tell the people
about a good book. You can find any portion
or any verse in the Bible by just turning to this con-
Thirdly, a Topical Text Book. These books will
help you to study the Word of God with profit. If
you do not possess them, get them at once; every
Christian ought to have them.*
SUNDAY SCHOOL QUARTERLIES AND THE BIBLE.
I think Sunday school teachers are making a woe*
ful mistake if they don't take the whole Bible into
their Sunday school classes. I don't care how young
children are, let them understand it is one book,
that there are not two books — the Old Testament
and the New are all one. Don't let them think that
the Old Testament doesn't come to us with the same
*The New Topical Text Book. An aid to topical study of the Bible.
Cloth, 25 cents ; by mail, 30 cents.
The Bible Text Cyclopedia, a complete classification of Scriptnre texts
in the form of an alphabetical list of subjects by Rev. James Inglis. Larg*
8 vo. cloth, $1.75.
Both <«0ued by the publisfiers of this volume.
Pie amy e and Profit in Bible StuJy, 55
authority as the New. It is a great thing for a boy
or girl to know how to handle the Bible. What is
an army good for if they don't know how to handle
their swords? I speak very strongly on this, because
I know some Sabbath schools that don't have a
single Bible in them. They have question books.
There are questions and the answers are given just
below; so that you don't need to study your lesson.
They are splendid things for lazy teachers to bring
along into their classes. I have seen them come into
the class with a question book, and sometimes they
get it wiong side up while they are talking to the
class, until they find out their mistake, and then they
begin over again. I have seen an examination take
place something like this:
''John, who was the first man?"
" No; I think not; let me see. No, it is not Me-
thuselah. Can't you guess again?"
" That's right, my son; you must have studied your
Now, I would like to know what a boy is going to
do with that kind of a teacher, or with that kind of
teaching. That is the kind of teaching that is worth-
less, and brings no result. Now, don't say that I
condemn helps. I believe in availing yourself of all
the light you can get. What I want you to do, when
you come into your classes, is to come prepared to
explain the lesson without the use of a concordance.
Bring the word of God with you; bring the old Book.
56 Sunday Scho,^! Quarterlies and i he Bible.
You will often find families where there is a family
Bible, but the mother is so afraid that the children
will tear it that she keeps it in the spare room, and
once in a great while the children are allowed to
look at it. The thing that interests them most is the
family record — when John was born, when father and
mother were married.
I came up to Boston from the country and
went into a Bible class where there were a few Har-
vard students. They handed me a Bible and told me
the lesson was in John. I hunted all through the
Old Testament for John, but couldn't find it. I saw
the fellows hunching one another, ** Ah, greenie
from the country." Now, you know that is just the
time when you don't want to be considered green.
The teacher saw my embarrassment and handed me
his Bible, and I put my thumb in the place and held
on. I didn't lose my place. I said then that if I
ever got out of that scrape, I would never be caught
there again. Why is it that so many young men
from eighteen to twenty cannot be brought into a
Bible class? Because they don't want to show their
ignorance. There is no place in the world that is so
fascinating as a live Bible class. I believe that we
are to blame that they have been brought up in the
Sunday school without Bibles and brought up with
quarterlies. The result is, the boys are growing
up without knowing how to handle the Bible. They
don't know where Matthew is, they don't know
where the Epistle to the Ephesians is, they don't
know where to find Hebrews or any of the different
books of the Bible. They ought to be taught how to
handle the whole Bible, and it can be done by Sun*
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. $7
day school teachers taking the Bible into the class
and going right about it at once. You can get a
Bible in this country for almost a song now.
Sunday schools are not so poor that they cannot get
Bibles. Some time ago there came up in a large
Bible class a question, and they thought they would
refer to the Bible, but they found that there was not
a single one in the class. A Bible class without ?
Bible! It would be like a doctor without physic; or
an army without weapons. So they went to the
pews, but could not find one there. Finally they
went to the pulpit and took the pulpit Bible and
settled the question. We are making wonderful
progress, aren't we ? Quarterlies are all right in their
places, as helps in studying the lesson, but if they
are going to sweep the Bibles out of our Sunday
schools, I think we had better sweep them out.
The Telescopic and Microscopic Methods— ^Job — Th&
Four Gospels — Acts — Psalm §2:1.
THERE are two opposite ways to study the Bible.
One is to study it with a telescope, taking a
grand sweep of a whole book and trying to find out
God's plan in it; the other, with a microscope, tak-
ing up a verse at a time, dissecting it, analyzing it.
If you take Genesis, it is the seed-plant of the
whole Bible; it tells us of Life, Death, Restirrection;
it involves all the rest of the Bible.
THE BOOK OF JOB.
An Englishman once remarked to me: "Mr
Moody, did you ever notice this, that the book of
Job is the key to the whole Bible? If you under-
stand Job you will understand the entire Bible!"
"No," I said, "I don't comprehend that. Job the key
to the whole Bible! How do make that out?" He
said: "I divide Job into seven heads. The first
head is: A perfect ma?i untried. That is what God
said about Job; that is Adam in Eden. He was per-
fect when God put him there. The second head is:
Tried by adversity. Job fell, as Adam fell in Eden.
The third head is: The wisdom of the world. The
world tried to restore Job; the three wise men came
to help him. That was the wisdom of the world
centred in those three men. You can not," said he,
**find any such eloquent language or wisdom any-
Pleasure and Profit in Bible: Study. $^
where, in any part of the world, as those three men
displayed, but they did not know anything about
grace, and could not, therefore, help Job." That is
just what men are trying to do; and the result is
that they fail; the wisdom of man never made man
any better. These three men did not help Job; they
made him more unhappy. Some one has said the
first man took him, and gave him a good pull; then
the second and third did the same; the three of them
had three good pulls at Job, and then flat down they
fell. "Then in the fourth place," said he, "in comes
the Daysman, that is Christ. In the fifth place, God
speaks; and in the sixth, ^i?*^ learjis his lesson. *I
have heard of Thee by the hearing of the ear; but
now mine eye seeth Thee. Wherefore I abhor my-
self, and repent in dust and ashes.' And then down-
came Job flat on the dunghill. The seventh head is
this, that God restores him." Thank God, it is so
with us, and'our last state is better than our first.
A friend of mine said to mc: "Look here, Moody,
God gave to Job double of everything." He would
not admit that Job had lost his children; God
had taken them to heaven, and He gave Job ten
more. So Job had ten in Heaven, and ten on earth
— a goodly family. So when our children are taken
from us, they are not lost to us, but merely gone be-
Now, let me take you through the four Gospels,
Let us begin with Matthew.
Men sometimes tell me when I go into a town;
"You want to be sure and get such a man on
y<»ur committee, for he has nothing to do and h«
will have plenty of time." I say: *'No, thank you
I do not want any man that has nothing to do."
Christ found Matthew sitting at the receipt of cus-
tom. The Lord took some one He found at work,
and he went right on working. We do not know
much about what he did, except that he wrote this
Gospel. But, what a book! Where Matthew came
from we do not know, and where he went to we do
not know. His old name, Levi, dropped with his
The Key. The Messiah of the Jews and the
Saviour of the world. Supposed to have been writ-
:en about twelve years after the death of Christ, and
to be the first Gospel written. It contains the best ac-
count of the life of Christ. You notice that it is the
last message of God to the Jewish nation. Here we
pass from the old to the new dispensation.
Matthew does not speak of Christ's ascension, but
leaves Him on earth.
Mark gives His resurrection and ascension.
Luke gives His resurrection, ascension and the
promise of a comforter.
John goes a step further and says he is coming
There are more quotations in Matthew than in any
of the others; I think there are about a hundred.
He is trying to convince the Jews that Jesus was the
son of David, the rightful king. He talked a good
deal about the kingdom, its mysteries, the example of
the kingdom, healing the sick, etc., the principles of
the kingdom as set forth in the sermon on the
mount; also, the rejection of the king. When anyone
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, M
takes a kingdom they lay down the principles upon
which they are going to rule or conduct it.
Now, let me call your attention to five great ser-
mons. In these you have a good sweep of the
I. The sermon on the mount. See how many
things lying all around Him He brings into His ser-
mon, salt, light, candle, coat, rain, closet, moth, rust,
thieves, eye> fowls, lilies, grass, dogs, bread, fish,
gate, grapes, thorns, figs, thistles, rock, etc.
Someone, in traveling through Palestine, said that
he did not think there was a solitary thing there that
Christ did not use as an illustration. So many peo-
ple in these days are afraid to use common things,
but don't you think it is better to use things that
people can understand, than to talk so that people
can't understand you? Now, a woman can easily
understand a candle, and a man can easily under-
stand about a rock, especially in a rocky country like
Palestine. Christ used common things as illustra-
tions, and spoke so that everyone could understand
Him. A woman in Wales once said she knew Christ
was Welsh, and an Englishman said, "No, He was
a Jew." She declared that she knew He was Welsh,
because He spoke so that she could understand
Him. Christ did not have a shorthand reporter to
go around with Him to WTite out and print His ser-
mons, and yet the people remembered them. Never
mind about finished sentences and rounded periods,
but give your tv *^ention to making your sermons
clear so that they 'Ul stick. Use bait that your
hearers will like.
The Law was given on a mountain, and here Christ
lays down His principles on a mountain. The
.*aw of Moses applies to the outward acts, but this
sermon applies to the inward life. As the sun is
"brighter than a candle, so the sermon on the mount
is brighter than the law of Moses. It tells us what
kind of Christians we ought to be — lights in the
world, the salt of the world, silent in our actions but
great in effect.
"I say unto you," occurs twelve times in this
2. The second great sermon was delivered to the
twelve in the tenth chapter. You find over and over
again the sayings in this sermon are quoted by men
viz.: "Shake off the dust off your feet against them."
"Freely ye have received, freely give," etc.
• 3. The open air sermon. You want the best kind
of preaching on the street. You have to put what
you say in a bright, crisp way, if you expect people
You must learn to think on your feet. There was
a young man preaching on the streets in London
when an infidel came up and said: "The man who
invented gas did more for the world than Jesus
Christ." The young man could not answer him and
the crowd had the laugh on him. But another man
got up and said: "Of course the man has a right to
his opinion, and I suppose if he was dying he would
send for the gasfitter, but I think I should send for
a minister and have him read the fourteenth chapter
of John;" and he turned the laugh back on the man.
This sermon contains seven parables. It is like a
string of pearls.
4. The sermon of woes; Christ's last appeal to
Pleasure and j^rofit in Bible Study. 63
the Jewish nation. Compare these eight woes with
the nine beatitudes. You notice the closing up of
this sermon on woes is the most pathetic utterance
in the whole ministry of Christ. "F<?;^r house is left
unto you desolate." Up to that time it had been
'My Fathers house," or ''My house," but now it is
your house." It was not long until Titus came and
leveled it to the ground. Abraham never loved
Isaac more than Jesus loved the Jewish nation. It
was hard for Abraham to give up Isaac, but harder
for the Son of God to give up Jerusalem.
5. The fifth sermon was preached to His disci-
ples. How little did they understand Him! When
His heart was breaking with sorrow, they drew His
attention to the buildings of the temple.
The first sermon was given on the mount; the sec-
ond and third at Capernaum; the fourth in the Tem-
ple; the fifth on Olivet.
In Matthew's Gospel there is not a thing in hell,
heaven, earth, sea, air or grave that does not testify
of Christ as the Son of God. Devils cried out, fish
entered the nets under His influence, wind and wave
Summary: — Nine beatitudes; eight woes; seven
consecutive parables; ten consecutive miracles; five
continuous sermons; four prophecies of His death.
The four Gospels are independent of each other,
no one was copied from the other. Each is the
complement of the rest, and we get four views oj
Christ, like the i^-'ir sides of a house.
Matthew writes foi Jews.
Mark writes for Romans
Luke writes for Gentile converts.
You don*t find any long sermons in Mark. The
Romans were quick and activ^e, and he had to con-
dense things in order to catch them. You'll find the
words "Forthwith," "Straightway," "Immediately,"
occur forty-one times in this gop'sel. Every chapter
but the first, seventh, eighth and fourteenth begins
with "And," as if there was no pause in Christ's min-
Luke tells us that Christ received little children,
but Mark says He took them up in His arms. That
makes it sweeter to you, doesn't it?
Perhaps the high water mark is the fifth chapter.
Here we find three very bad cases, devils, disease
and death, beyond the reach of man, cured by
Christ. The first man was possessed with devils.
They could not bind him, or chain or tame him. I
suppose a good many men and women had been
scared by that man. People are afraid of a grave-
yard even in daylight, but think of a live man being
in the tombs and possessed with devils! He said:
"What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the
most high God? I adjure thee by God that thou
torment me not." But Jesus had come to do him
Next, the woman with the issue of blood. If she
had been living to-day, I suppose she would have
tried every patent medicine in the market. We
would have declared her a hopeless case and sent
her to the hospital. Some one has said: "There
was more medicine in the hem of His garment than
in all the apothecary shops in Palestine." She just
touched Him and was made whole. Hundreds of
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 65
Others touched Huii, but they did not get anything^
Can you tell the difference between the touch 01
faith and the ordinary touch of the crowd?
Thirdly, Jarius' daughter raised. You see the
manifestation of Jesus' power is increasing, for when
He arrived the child was dead and He brought her
to life. I do not doubt but that away back in the
secret councils of eternity it was appointed that He
should be there just at that time. I remember once
being called to preach a funeral sermon, and I
looked the four gospels through to find one of
Christ's funeral sermons, but do you know He nevxr
preached one? He broke up every funeral He ev'er
attended. The dead awaked when they heard His
We now come to Luke's gospel. You notice hi?
name does not occur in this book or in Acts. (You
will find it used three times, viz.; in Colossians, Tim-
othy and Philemon). He keeps himself in the back-
ground. I meet numbers of Christian workers who
are ruined by getting their names up. We do not
know whether Luke was a Jew or a Gentile.
The first we see of him is in Acts 16: 10. "And
after he had seen the vision, immediately ivc en-
deavored to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering
that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel
unto them." He did not claim to be an eye-witness
to Christ's ministr}'' nor one of the seventy. Some
think he was, but he does not claim it. It is sup-
posed that his gospel i« of Paul's preaching, the
same as Mark's was of Peter. It is also called the
Gospel of the Gentiles, and is supposed to have
been written when Paul was in Rome, about i/
years after Christ. One-third of this gospel is left
out in the other gospels. It opens with a note of
praise: ** And thou shalt have joy and gladness;
and many shall rejoice at His birth;" "And they
worshipped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with
great joy. And were continually in the temple,
praising and blessing God;" and closes the same
Canon Farrar has pointed out that we have a seven-
fold gospel in Luke:
I. It is a gospel of praise and song. We find here
the songs of Zacharias, Elizabeth, Mary, Simeon,
the angels, and others. Some one has written beauti-
fully of Simeon as follows: ** What Simeon wanted
to see was the Lord's Christ. Unbelief would sug-
gest to him, ' Simeon you are an old man, your day
is almost ended, the snow of age is upon your head,
your eyes are growing dim, your brow is wrinkled,
your limbs totter, and death is almost upon you:
and where are the signs of His coming? You are
resting, Simeon, upon imagination — it is all a de-
lusion.' * No,* replied Simeon, * I shall not see
death till I have seen the Lord's Christ; I shall see
Him before I die.* I can imagine Simeon walking
out one fine morning along one of the lovely vales
of Palestine, meditating upon the great subject that
filled his mind. Presently he meets a friend. Teace
be with you; have you heard the strange news?"
•What news?* replies Simeon. 'Do you not know
Zacharias . the priest?' 'Yes, well.*. 'According
to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to
burn incense in the temple of the Lord, and the
Pleasure and Profit in Bible SUufy., 6f
whole multitude of the people were praying without.
It was the time of incense, and there appeared unto
him an angel, standing on the right side of the altar,
who told him that he should have a son, whose name
should be called John; one who should be great in
the sight of the Lord, who should go before the
Messiah and make ready a people prepared for the
Lord. The angel was Gabriel who stands in the
presence of God, and because Zacharias believed
not, he was struck dumb.' * Oh,' says Simeon,
•that fulfills the prophecy of Malachi. This is the
forerunner of the Messiah: this is the morning star:
the day dawn is not for off : the Messiah is nigh at
hand. Hallelujah! The Lord shall suddenly come
to His temple !' Time rolls on. I can imagine
Simeon accosted again by one of his neighbors:
* Well, Simeon, have you heard the newsr' 'What
news?* 'Why there's a singular story in every-
body's mouth. A company of shepherds were watch-
ing their flocks by night on the plains of Bethlehem.
It was the still hour of night, and darkness mantled
the world. Suddenly a bright light shone around
the shepherds, a light above the brightness of the
midday sun. They looked up, and just above them
was an angel who said to the terrified shepherds,
* Fear not, I bring you glad tidings of great joy,,
which shall be to all people!' * This is the Lord's
Christ,' said Simeon, 'and I shall not taste death
till I have seen him.' .He said to himself, 'They
will bring the child to the Temple to. present
Him to the Lord.'
"Away went Simeon, morning after morning, to see
if he could get a glimpse of Jesus. Perhaps unbe-
lief suggested to Simeon, 'You had better stop
at home this wet morning: you have been so often
and have missed Him: you may venture to be ab-
sent this once." * No,' said the Spirit, 'go to the
Temple.' Simeon would no doubt select a good
point of observation. See how intently he watches
the door! He surveys the face of every child as one
mother after another brings her infant to be pre-
sented. *No,' he says, *That is not He/ At length
he sees the Virgin appear, and the Spirit tells him
it is the long-expected Saviour. He grasps the
child in his arms, presses him to his heart, blesses
God and says: 'Lord, now lettcst thou Thy ser-
vant depart in peace, according to Th}' word. I'^or
mine eyes have seen Thy salvation, which Thou hast
prepared before the face of all people; A light to
lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of Thy people
2. It is a gospel of thanksgiving. They glorified
God when Jesus healed the widow's son at Nain,
when the blind man received sight, etc.
3. It is a gospel of prayer. We learn that Christ
prayed when he was baptised, and nearly every
great event in His nrJnistry was preceded by prayer.
If you want to hear from Heaven you must seek it
on your knees. There are two parables about
prayer— the friend at midnight and the unjust judge.
4. Here is another thing that is made prominent,
namely, the gospel of womanhood. Luke alone re-
cords many loving things Christ did for women.
The richest jewel in Christ's crown was what he did
for women. A man tried to tell me that Mohammed
had done more for women than Christ. I told
PUnrSUKt and Brojit in BibU Study. 69
him that if he had ever been in Mohammedan
countries, he would be ashamed of himself for mak-
ing such a remark. They care more for their don-
keys than they do for their wives and mothers.
A man once said that when God created life He
began at the lowest forms of animal life and came
up until He got to man, then he was not quite satis-
fied and created a woman. She was lifted up the
highest, and when she fell, she fell the lowest.
5. This is the gospel of the poor and humble.
When I ^^t a crowd of roughs on the street I gener-
ally teach from Luke. Here are the shepherds, the
peasant, the incident of the rich man and Lazarus.
This gospel tells us He found the place where it
was written, " The Spirit of the Lord is upon me —
to preach the gospel to the poor." It is a dark day
for a church when it gets out that they do not want
the common people. Whitfield labored among the
miners, and Wesley among the common people.
If you want the poor, let it get out that you want
them to come.
6. It is a gospel to the lost. The woman with the
seven devils, the thief on the cross illustrate this.
Also, the parables of the lost sheep, the lost piece of
silver, and the lost son.
7. It is a gospel of tolerance.
'* He that winneth souls is wise." Do you want
to win men? Do not drive or scold them. Do not
try to tear down their prejudices before you begin
to lead them to the truth. Some people think they
have to tear down the scaffolding before they begin
on the building. An old minister once invited a
young brother to preach for him. The latter scold-
ed the people, and when he got home, asked the old
minister how he had done. He said he had an old
cow, and when he wanted a good supply of milk, he
fed the cow; he did not scold her.
Christ reached the publicans because nearly every*
thing he said about them was in their favor. Look at
the. parable of the Pharisee and publican. Christ said
the publican went down to his house justified rather
than that proud Pharisee. How did He reach the
Samaritans? Take the parable of the ten lepers.
Only one returned to thank Him for the healing,
and that was a Samaritan. Then there is the para-
ble of the Good Samaritan. It has done more to
stir people up to philanthropy and kindness to the
poor than anything that has been said on this earth
for six thousand years. Go into Samaria and you
find that story has reached there first. Some man
has been down to Jerusalem and heard it, and gone
back home and told it all around; and they say " If
that Prophet ever comes up here, we'll give Him a
hearty reception." If you want to reach people that
do not agree w^th you, do not take a club to knock
them dow^n and then try to pick them up. When
Jesus Christ dealt with the erring and the sinners,
He was as tender with them as a mother is with her
sick child. A child once said to his mother, "Mam-
ma, you never speak ill of any one. You would
speak well of Satan." "Well," said the mother,
"you might imitate his perseverance.'*
John was supposed to be the youngest disciple,
and was supposed to be the first of all that Christ
had to follow Him. He is called the bosom com-
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 71
panidn of Christ. Someone was complaining of
Christ's being partial. I have no doubt that Christ
did love John more than the others, but it was be-
cause John loved him most. I think John got into
the inner circle, and we can get in too if we will.
Christ keeps the door open and we can just go right
in. You notice nearly all his book is new. All of
the eight months Christ spent in Judea are recorded
Matthew begins with Abraham; Mark with Mai-
achi; Luke with John the Baptist; but John with God
Matthew sets forth Christ as the Jew's Messiah.
Mark as the active worker.
Luke as a man.
John as a personal Saviour.
John presents Him as coming from the bosom of
the Father. The central thought in this gospel is
proving the divinity of Christ. If I wanted to
prove to a man that Jesus Christ was divine, I would
take him directly to this gospel. The word repent
does not occur once, but the word believe occurs
ninety-eight times. The controversy that the Jews
raised about the divinity of Christ is not settled yet,
and before John went away he took his pen and
wrote down these things to settle it.
A seven-fold witness to the divinity of Christ:
1. Testimony of the Father. "The Father that
sent me beareth witness of me."
2. The Son bearing testimony. " Jesus answered
and said unto them, Though I bear record of my-
self, yet my record is true; for I know whence I came,
Jind whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I came,
and whither I go."
3. Christ's works testify: " If I do not the works
of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though
you believe not me, believe the works, that ye may
know and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in
No man can make me believe that Jesus Christ
was a bad man; because He brought forth good
fruit. How any one can doubt that He was the Son
of God after eighteen centuries of testing is a mys-
tery to me.
4. The Scriptures: "Had ye believed Moses, ye
would have believed me, for he wrote of me."
5. John the Baptist: "And I saw, and bare record
that this is the Son of God."
6. The Disciples: "And ye also shall bear witness,
because ye have been with me from the beginning."
7. The Holy Ghost: "But when the comforter is
come, whom I will send unto you from the Father,
even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the
Father, he shall testify of me."
Of course there many others that show His divin-
ity, but I think these are enough to prove it to any
man. If I went into court and had seven witnesses
that could not be broken down, I think I would have
a good case.
Notice the " I am's " of Christ.
" I am from above."
" I am not of this world."
" Before Abraham was, I am.'
" I am the bread of life."
" I am the light of the world.''
Pieasufd ^nU Prjjit in Bibh Study^ 7|
" I am the door/*
"I am the Good Shepherd.**
" I am the way."
" I am the truth." Pilate asked what truth was,
and there it was standing right before him.
" I am the resurrection and the life."
In the gospel of John, we find eight gifts for the
believer: the bread of life; the water of life; eternal
life; the Holy Spirit; love; joy; peace; His words.
A good lesson to study is how all through the
book of Acts defeat was turned to victory. When
the early Christians were persecuted, they went every
where preaching the Word. That was a victory, and
so on all through.
Luke's gospel was taken up with Christ in the
body, Acts with Christ in the church. In Luke we
read of what Christ did in His humiliation, and in
Acts what He did in His exaltation. With most
men, their work stops at their death, but with Christ
it had only begun. " Greater works than these shall
ye do, because I go to My Father." We call this
book the "Acts of the Apostles," but it is really the
"Acts of the Church (Christ's body)."
You will find the key to the book in chapter i:8:
" But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy
Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses
unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in
Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth."
We would not have seen the struggles of that in-
fant church if it had not been for Luke. We would
not have known much about Paul either if it had not
been for Luke.
There were four rivers flowing out of Eden; lu-re
we have the four gospels flowing into one chainiel.
Three divisions of the Acts: —
I. Founding of the church.
II. Growth of the church.
III. Sending out of missionaries.
I believe that the nearer we keep to the apostles'
way of presenting the gospel, the more success we
Now there are ten great sermons in Acts, and I
think if you get a good hold on these you will have
a pretty good understanding of the book and how to
preach. Five were preached by Peter, one by
Stephen and four by Paul. The phrase, '* We are
witnesses," runs through the entire book. We say,
to-day, " W^e are eloquent preachers." We seem to
be above being simple witnesses.
I. Peter's sermon on the day of Pentecost.
Someone said that now it takes about three thousand
sermons to convert one Jew, but here three thousand
were converted by one sermon. When Peter testified
of Christ and bore witness that he had died and had
risen again, God honored it, and he will do the same
II. Peter preaches in Solomon's porch. A short
sermon, but it did good work. They did not get
there till three o'clock, and I believe the Jews could
not arrest a man after sundown, and yet in that
short space of time five thousand were converted.
What did he preach? Listen:
" But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and
desired a murderer to be granted unto you;
"And killed the Prince of Life, whom God hath
PU^sufg and Profit in BibU Study. '■ 75
raised from the dead: whereof we are witnesses.
"Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your
sins may be blotted out, when the times of refresh-
ing shall come from the presence of the Lord."
III. Peter preaches to the high priests. They
had arrested them and were demanding to know by
what power they did these things. " By the name
of Jesus Christ, . . . doth this man stand here
before you whole." When Bunyan was told he
would be released if he would not preach any more,
he said, " If you let me out I will preach to-morrow."
IV. Peter's testimony before the council. They
commanded them not to preach in the name of
Christ. I don't know what they could do if they
were forbidden that. Some ministers to-day would
have no trouble; they could get along very well.
About all the disciples knew was what they had
learned in those three years with Jesus, hearing His
sermons and seeing His miracles. They saw the
things and knew they were so, and when the Holy
Ghost came down upon them, they could not help
but speak them.
V. Stephen's sermon. He preached the longest
sermon in Acts. Dr. Bonar once said, '*Did you ever
notice. Brother Whittle, that when the Jews accused
Stephen of speaking blasphemous w^ords against
Moses, the Lord lit up his face with the same glory
with which Moses' face shone? "
An old Scotch beadle once warned his new minis-
ter, " You may preach as much as ye like about the
sins of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, but stick to them
and don't come any nearer hand if ye want to stay
here." Stephen began with them, but he came right
down to the recent cr-ucifixion, and stirred them up.
VI. Peter's last sermon and the first sermon to
the Gentiles. Notice the same gospel is preached
to the Gentiles as to the Jews, and it produces the
same results. "To him give all the prophets wit-
ness, that through His name whosoever believeth in
Him shall receive remission of sins. While Peter
5pake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all of
them which heard the word."
Now the leading character changes and Paul
VH. Paul's sermon at Antioch, in Pisidia. An
old acquaintance once said to me, *' What are you
preaching now? I hope you are not harping on that
old string yet." Yes, thank God, I am spreading
the old gospel. If you want to get people to come
to hear you, lift up Christ; He said, '* I, if I be lifted
up, will draw all men unto me." ** Be it known unto
you, therefore, men and brethren, that through this
man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins."
VIII. Paul's sermon to the Athenians. He got
fruit at Athens by preaching the same old gospel to
IX. Paul's sermon at Jerusalem.
X. Paul's defence before Agrippa. I think that
is the grandest sermon Paul ever preached. He
preached the same gospel before Agrippa and
Festus that he did down in Jerusalem. He preached
everywhere the mighty fact that God gave Christ as
a ransom for sin, that the whole world can be saved
by trusting in Him.
"Having therefore obtained help of God, I con-
tinue unto this day, witnessing botb to small and
Phasure and Profit in Bible Sin^, ff
great, saying none other things than those which th«
prophets and Moses did say should come:
"That Christ should suffer, and that he should be
the first that should rise from the dead, and should
shew light unto the people and to the Gentiles."
THE MICROSCOPIC METHOD.
Let me show what I mean by the microscopic
method by taking the first verse of Psalm 52: "Why
boastest thou thou thyself in iniquity, O mighty man?
The goodness of God endureth continually." This
verse naturally falls into tv,o divisions, on the one
side being — man, on the other — God. Man — mis-
chief; God — goodness. Is any particular man ad-
dressed? Yes: Doeg the Edomite, as the preface to
the psalm suggests. You can therefore find the his-
toric reference of this verse and Psalm in I. Samuel
22:9. Now take a concordance or topical text-book,
and study the subject of "boasting." What words
mean the same thing as "boasting"? One is glorify-
ing. Is boasting ahvays condemned? In what does
Scripture forbid us to boast? In what are we ex-
horted to boast? 'Thus saith the Lord: Let not the
wise man glory in his wisdom; let not the rich man
glory in his riches; but let him that glorieth glory
in this: that he understandeth and knoweth me, that
I am the Lord which exercise loving-kindness, judg-
ment and righteousness in the earth; for in these
things I delight, saith the Lord." Treat the subject
** mischief," in a similar manner. Then ask yourself
is this boasting, this mischief, always to last? No:
"the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy
of the hypocrite but for a moment." "I have seen the
wicked in great power, and spreading himself Uk« t
green bay tree. Yet he passed away, and lo, he was
not: Yea, I sought him, but he could not be found."
The other half of the text suggests a study of
goodness (or mercy) as an attribute of God. How
is «t manifested temporally and spiritually? What
Scripture have we for it? Is God's goodness condi-
tional? Does God's goodness conflict with His jus-
tice? Now, as the end of Bible-study as well as of
preaching is to save men, ask yourself is the Gospel
contained m this text in type or in evidence? Turn
to Romans 2:4: "Despiseth thou the riches of his
goodness and forbearance and long suffering: not
knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repeni-
ance?" Ilere the verse leads directly to the subject
of repentance, and you rise from the study of the
verse ready at any time to preach a short sermon
♦hat may be the means of converting some one.
One Book at a Time — Chapter Study — The Gospel of
I KNOW some men who never sit dov/n to read a
book until they have time to read the whole of it
When they come to Leviticus or Numbers, or any of
the other books, they read it right through at one
sitting. They get the whole sweep, and then they
begin to study it chapter by chapter. Dean Stanley
used to read a book through three separate times *.
first for the story, second for the thought, and .third
for the literary style. It is a good thing to take one
whole book at a time.
How could you expect td understand a story or a
scientific text-book if you read one chapter here and
Dr. A. T. Pierson says: Let the introduction cover
five P's; place where written; person by whom
written; people to whom written; purpose for which
written; period at which written.
Here it is well to grasp the leading points in the
chapters. The method is illustrated by the follow-
ing plan by which I tried to interest the students at
Mt. Hermon school and the NorthfieJd Seminary. It
provides a way of committing Scripture to memory,
so that one can call up a passage to meet the demand
whenever it arises. I said to the students one morn-
ing at worship: "To-morrow morning when I come
8o One Booh at a Time.
I will not read a portion of Scripture, but we v\mi
take the first chapter of the Gospel of John and you
shall tell me from memory what you find in that
chapter and each learn the verse in it that is most
precious to you." We went through the whole book-
that way and committed a verse or two to memory^
out of each one.
I will give the main headings we found in the
THE GOSPEL OF JOHN, BY CHAPTERS.
Chapter i. The call of the first five disciples.
It was about four o'clock in the afternoon that
John stood and said, ** Behold, the Lamb of God."
Two of John's disciples then followed Jesus, and one
of them, Andrew, went out and brought his brother
Simon. Then Jesus found Philip, as he was starting
for Galilee, and Philip found Nathaniel, the skep-
tical man. When he got sight of Christ his skeptical
ideas were all gone. Commit to memory verses ii
and 12:" He came unto his own and his own received
him not, but as many as received him, to them gave
he power to become the sons of God, even to them
that believe on his name." Key word, Receiving.
Chapter 2. "Whatsoever He saith unto you, do
it." We had a good time in this chapter on Obedi-
ence, which is the key word.
Chapter 3. This is a chapter on Regeneration. It
took us more than one day to get through this one.
This gives ydu a respectable sinner, and how Jesus
dealt with him. Commit verse 16: "God so loved
the world, that He gave His only begotten Son that
whosoever belie veth in Him should not perish, but
havf evei*lasting life." Key word. Believing.
Vkasure aud Profit in Bible Study, 8i
Chapter 4. A disreputable sinner, and how Jesus
dealt with her. If we had been dealing wuth her, wf
would have told her what Jesus told Nicodemus,but
He took her on her own ground. She came for a
water-pot ot water, and, thank God, she got a whole
well full. Key word. Worshipping. Memorize
verse 24: "God is a Spirit; and they that worship
bim must worship him in spirit and in truth.'*
Chapter 5. Divinity of Christ. Commit verse 24:
" Verily, verily, I say unto you. He that heareth my
word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath ever-
lasting life, and shall not come into condemnation;
but is passed from death unto life." Key word,
Chapter 6. We called that the ^r^^ chapter. If
you want a good loaf of bread, get into this sixth
chapter. You feed upon that bread and you will
live forever. Key verse: Christ the bread of life.
"I am the living bread which came down from heaven;
if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever;
and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I
will give for the life of the world." Key word, Eat-
Chapter 7 is the water chapter. "If any man thirst
let him come unto me and drink." You have here
living water and Christ's invitation to every thirsty
soul to come to drink. Key word, Drinking.
Chapter 8. The Z?^^/ chapter. "I am the light of
the world " Key, Walking in the light. But what
IS the use of having light if you have no eyes to see
with, so we go on to
Chapter 9. The Sight chapter. There was a man
bom blind and Christ maov him to see. Key word.
82 The Gospel of John, by Chapters,
Testifying. Memory verse: "I must work the worki
of Him that sent me while it is day : the night com-
eth when no man can work."
Chapter lO. Here you find the Good Shepherd.
Commit to memory verse ii : "I am the Good Shep-
herd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the
sheep." Key word, Safety.
Chapter ii. The Lazarus chapter. Memorize
verse 25 : "I am the resurrection and the life: he
that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall
he live." Key word. Resurrection.
Chapter i2. Verse 32 : " I, if I be lifted up, will
draw all men unto me." Here Christ closes up his
ministry to the Jewish nation. Key word, Salvation
Chapter 13. The Humility chapter. Christ wash-
ing the feet of his disciples. Learn verse 34: "A
new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one
another." Key word, Teaching.
Chapter 14. The Mansion chapter. Commit to
memory verse 6: " I am the way, the truth, and the
life : no man cometh unto the Father but by me."
Key words. Peace and comfort.
Chapter 15. The Fruit chapter. The vine can
only bear fruit through the branches. Verse 5: "I
am the vine; ye are the branches : He that abideth
in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much
fruit: for without me you can do nothing." Key
Chapter 16. The promise of the Holy Ghost.
Here you find the secret of Power, which is the key
Chapter 17. This chapter contains what is prop*
PUasure and Profit in Bible Study. 83
«rly the "Lord's prayer." Learn verse 15: '* I pray
not that thou shouldst take them out of the world,
but that thou shouldst keep them from the evil.*
Key word, Separation.
Chapter 18. Christ is arrested.
Chapter 19. Christ is crucified.
Chapter 20. Christ rises from the dead.
Chapter 21. Christ spends some time with his dis
ciples again, and invites them to dine with him.
Study of Types — Types of Christ— Leprosy a Type of Sin
Bible Characters — Meaning of Names.
ANOTHER way of studying is to take five great
divisions — History, Type, Prophecy, Miracle,
It is a very interesting thing to study the types of
the Bible. Get a good book on the subject and you
will be surprised to find out how interested you will
become. The Bible is full of patterns and types of
ourselves. That is a popular objection against the
Bible — that it tells about the failings of men. We
should, however, remember that the object of the
Bible is not to tell how good men are, but how bad
men can become good. But more especially the
Bible is full of types of Christ. Types are fore-
shadowings, and wherever there is a shadow there
must be substance. As John McNeill says, "If I see
the shadow of a dog, I know there's a dog around."
God seems to have chosen this means of teaching
the Israelites of the promised Messiah. All the laws,
ceremonies and institutions of the Mosaic dispensa-
tion point to Christ and His dispensation. The en-
lightened eyes see Christ in all. For instance, the
tabernacle was a type of the incarnation of Jesus;
John 1:14, "and the word was made flesh, and taaer-
nacled amongst us." The laver typified sanctification
or purity: Ephesians 5 -.26, "that he might sanctify and
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 65
cleanse the Church with the washing of water by the
word." The candlesticks typified Christ as the Light
of the world. The shewbread typified Christ as
the Bread of Life. The High Priest was always a
type of Christ. Christ was called of God, as was
Aaron; He everliveth to make intercession; He was
consecrated with an oath, and so on. The Pass-
over, the Day of Atonement, the Smitten Rock, the
sacrifices, the City of Refuge, the Brazen Serpent —
all point to Christ's atoning work. Adam was a
beautiful type. Think of the two Adams. One in-
troduced sin and ruin into the world, and the other
abolished it. So Cain stands as the representative
natural man, and Abel as the spiritual man. Abel as a
shepherd is a type of Christ the heav^enly Shepherd.
There is no more beautiful type of Christ in the Bible
than Joseph. He was hated of his brethren; he was
stripped of his coat; he was sold; he was imprisoned;
he gained favor; he had a gold chain about his neck;
every knee bowed before him. A comparison of the
lives of Joseph and Jesus shows a startling similarity
in their experience.
The disease of leprosy is a type of sin. It is in-
curable by man; it works baneful results; it is insid-
ious in its nature, and from a small beginning works
complete ruin; it separates its victims from their fel-
low-men, just as sin separates a man from God; and
as Christ had power to cleanse the leper, so by the
grace of God His blood cleanseth us from all in-
Adam represents man's innate sinfulness.
Abel represents Atonement.
Enoch represents communion.
86 Bible Characters.
Noah represents Regeneration.
Abraham represents Faith.
Isaac represents Sonship.
Jacob represents Discipline and Service.
Joseph represents Glory through suffering.
Another good way is to study Bible characters-^
take them right from the cradle to the grave. You
find that skeptics often take one particular part of a
man's life — say, of the life of Jacob or of David —
and judge the whole by that. They say these men
were queer saints; and yet God did not punish them.
If you go right through these men's lives you will
find that God did punish them, according to the sins
A lady once said to me that she had trouble in
reading the Bible, that she seemed to not feel the
interest she ought. If you don't keep up your inter-
est in one way, try another. Never think you have to
''ead the Bible by courses.
Another interesting study is the meaning of proper
names. I need hardly remark that every name in
the Bible, especially Hebrew names, has a meaning
of its own. Notice the difference between Abram
(a high father), and Abraham (father of a multi-
tude), and you have a key to his life. Another ex-
ample is Jacob (supplanter), and Israel (Prince of
God). The names of Job's three daughters were
Jemima (a dove), Kezia (cassia), and Keren-hap-
puch (horn of paint). These names signify beauty;
50 that Job's leprosy left no taint
Study of Subjects — Love — Sa?ictificatio7i — Faith— Justi-
fication — Atonement — Conversion — Heaven — Revi-
vals — Separation — Grace — Prayer — Assurance —
FIND some people now and then who boast that
they have read the Bible through in so many
months. Others read the Bible chapter by chapter,and
get through it in a year; but I think it would be almost
better to spend a year over one book. If I were
going into a court of justice, and wanted to carry the
\ jury with me, I should get every witness I could to
testify to the one point on which I wanted to con-
vince the jury. I would not get them to testify to
everything, but just to that one thing. And so it
should be with the Scriptures.
I took up that word ^^Love'' and I do not know
Viow many weeks I spent in studying the passages
in which it occurs, till at last I could not help loving
people. I had been feeding so long on Love that I
was anxious to do everybody good I came in contact
Take Sanctification. I would rather take my con-
cordance and gather passages on sanctification and
sit down for four or five days and study them than
have men tell me about it.
r suppose that if all the time that I have prayed
for Faith was put together, it would be months. I
88 Study of Subjects.
used to say when I was President of the Young
Men's Christian Association in Chicago, " What we
want is faith; if we only have faith, we can turn Chi-
cago upside down" — or rather, right side up. I
thought that some day faith was going to come
down, and strike me like lightning. But faith did
not seem to come. One day I read in the tenth
chapter of Romans, "Now faith comes by hearing,
and hearing by the Word of God." I had closed my
Bible, and prayed for faith. I now opened my Bible,
and began to study, and faith has been growing ever
Take the doctrine that made Martin Luther such a
power. Justification — "The just shall live by faith."
When that thought flashed through Martin Luther's
mind as he was ascending the Scala Santa on his
knees (although some people deny the truth of this
statement), he rose and went forth to be a power
among the nations of the earth. Justification puts
a man before God as if he had never sinned; he
stands before God like Jesus Christ. Thank God, in
Jesus Christ we can be perfect, but there is no per-
fection out of Him. God looks in His ledger, and
says, " Moody, your debts have all been paid by
Another; there is nothing against you."
In New England there is perhaps no doctrine as^
sailed so much as the Atoneme?it. The Atonement is
foreshadowed in the garden of Eden ; there is the
innocent suffering for the guilty, the animals slain
for Adam's sin. We find it in Abraham's day, in
Moses* day; all through the books of Moses and the
prophets. Look at the fifty-third of Isaiah, and
at the prophecy of Daniel, Then we come into
Pleasure and Profit in BibU Study, I9
the Gospels, and Christ says, "I lay down My life
chat I might take it again. No man taketh it from
Me, but I lay it down of Myself."
People talk about Co?iversio?i — what is conversion?
The best way to find out is from the Bible. A good
many don't believe in sudden conversions. You can
die in a moment. Can't you receive life in a
When Mr. Sankey and myself were in one place in
Europe a man preached a sermon against the perni-
cious doctrines that we were going to preach, one of
which was sudden conversion. He said conversion
was a matter of time and growth. Do you know
what I do when any man preaches against the doc-
trines I preach? I go to the Bible and find out what
it says, and if I am right I give them more of the
same kind. I preached more on sudden conversion
in that town than in any town I was in in my life. I
would like to know how long it took the Lord to
convert Zaccheus? How long did it take the Lord
to convert that woman whom He met at the well of
Sychar? How long to convert that adulterous
woman in the temple, who was caught in the very
act of adultery? How long to convert that woman
who anointed His feet and wiped them with the
hairs of her head? Didn't she go with the word of
God ringing in her ears, "Go in peace"?
There was no sign of Zaccheus being converted
when he went up that sycamore tree, and he was
converted when he came down, so he must have been
converted between the branch and the ground.
Pretty sudden work, wasn't it? But you say, ''That
is because Christ was there." Friends, they were con
verted a good deal faster after He went away than
when He was here. Peter preached, and three thou-
sand were converted in one day. Another time,
after three o'clock in the afternoon, Peter and John
healed a man at the gate of the Temple, and then
went in and preached, and five thousand were added
to the church before night, and Jews at that. That
was rather sudden work. Professor Drummond de-
scribes a man going into one of our after-meetings
and saying he wants to become a Christian. "Well,
my friend, what is the trouble?" He doesn't like to
tell. He is greatly agitated. Finally he says, "The
fact is, I have overdrawn my account" — a polite way
of saying he has been stealing. "Did you take your
employer's money?" "Yes." "How much?" "1
don't know. I never kept account of it." "Well,
you have an idea you stole ^1,500 last year? " "I
am afraid it is that much." "Now, look here, sir, I
don't believe in sudden work; don't you steal more
than a thousand dollars this next year, and the next
year not more than five hundred, and in the course
of the next few years you will get so that you won't
steal any. If your employer catches you, tell him
you are being converted; and you will get so that
you won't steal any by and by." My friends, the
thing is a perfect farce. "Let him that stole, steal
no more," that is what the Bible says. It is right
Take another illustration. Here comes a man and
he admits that he gets drunk every week. That
man comes to a meeting and he wants to be convert-
ed. I say, "Don't you be in a hurry. I believe in do*
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. gi
ing the work gradually. Don't you get drunk and
knock your wife down more than once a month."
Wouldn't it be refreshing to your wife to go a whole
month without being knocked down? Once a
month, only twelve times in a year! Wouldn't she
be glad to have you converted in this new way!
Only get drunk after a few years on the anniversary
of your wedding, and at Christmas; and then it will
be effective because it is gradual. Oh! I detest all
that kind of teaching. Let us go to the Bible and
see what that old Book teaches. Let us believe it,
and go and act as if we believed it, too. Salvation
is instantaneous. I admit that a man may be con-
verted so that he can not tell when he crossed the
line between death and life, but I also believe a man
may be a thief one moment and a saint the next. I
believe a man may be as vile as hell itself one mo-
ment, and be saved the next.
Christian growth is gradual, just as physical
growth is; but a man passes from death unto ever-
lasting life quick as an act of the mind — "He that
believeth on the Son hath everlasting life."
People say they want to become heavenly-minded.
Well, read about heaven and talk about it. I once
preached on " Heaven," and after the meeting a lady
came to me and said, "Why, Mr. Moody, I didn't
know there were so many verses in the Bible about
heaven." And I hadn't taken one out of a hundred.
She was amazed that there was so much in the Bible
When you arc away from home, how you look for
news! Vou skip cverytliing in the daily paper until
your eye catches the name of your own town or
91 Study of Subjects.
country. Now the Christian's home is in heaven.
The Scriptures contain our title-deeds to everything
we shall be worth when we die. If a will has your
name in it, it is no longer a dry document. Why,
then, do not Christians take more interest in the
Then, again, people say th-y don't believe in re-
rivals. There's not a denomination in the world that
didn't spring from a revival. There are the Catholic
and Episcopal churches claiming to be the apostolic
churches and to have sprung from Pentecost; the
Lutheran from Martin Luther, and so on. They all
sprung out of reviv^als, and yet people talk against
revivals! I'd as soon talk against my mother as
against a revival. Wasn't the country revived under
John the Baptist? Wasn't it under Christ's teach-
ings? People think that because a number of super-
ficial cases of conversion occur at revivals that there-
fore revivals ought to be avoided. They forget the
parable of the sower, where Jesus himself warns us
of emotional hearers, who receive the word with joy,
but soon fall away. If only one out of every four
hearers is truly converted, as in the parable, the re-
vival has done good.
Suppose you spend a month on Regeneration^ or
The Kingdom of God, or The Church in the New Tes-
tament, or the divinity of Christ or the attributes of
God. It will help you in your own spiritual life, and
you will become a workman who need not be
ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
Make a study of the Holy Spirit. There are proba-
bly five hundred passages on the Holy Spirit, and
what you want is to study this subject for yourself.
^kasure and Profit in Bible Study 93
Take the Return of our Lord. I know it Is a contro-
verted subject. Some say He is to come at the end
of the Millennium, others say this side of the Millen-
nium. What we want is to know what the Bible says.
Why not go to the Bible and study it up for yourself ;
it will be worth more to you than anything you get
from anyone else. Then Separation. I believe that
a Christian man should lead a separated life. The
line between the church and the world is almost ob-
literated to-day. I have no sympathy with the idea
that you must hunt up an old musty church record
in order to find out whether a man is a member of
the church or not. A man ought to live so that
everybody will know he is a Christian. The Bible
tells us to lead a separate life. You may lose influ-
ence, but you will gain it at the same time. I sup-
pose Daniel was the most unpopular man in Babylon
at a certain time, but, thank God, he has outlived all
the other men of his time. Who were the chief men
of Babylon? When God wanted any work done in
Babylon, He knew where to find some one to do it.
Vou can be in the world, but not of it. Christ didn't
take His disciples out of the world, but He prayed
that they might be kept from evil. A ship in the
water is all right, but when the water gets into the
ship, then look out. A worldly Christian is just like
a wrecked vessel at sea.
I remember once I took up the grace of God. I
didn't know the difference between law and grace.
When that truth dawned upon me and I saw the dif-
ference, I studied the whole week on grace and I
got so filled that I couldn't stay in the house. I said
to the first man I met, "Do you know anything about
^. Study of Subjects^
the grace of God?" He thought I was a Innatic.
And I just poured out for about an hour on the
grace of God.
Study the subject of Prayer. " For real business
at the mercy seat," says Spurgeon, "give me a home-
made prayer, a prayer that comes out of the depths
of your heart, not because you invented it, but be-
cause the Holy Spirit put it there. Though your
words are broken and your sentences disconnected,
God will hear you. Perhaps you can pray better
without words than with them. There are prayers
that break the backs of words; they are too heavy
tor any human language to carry."
Some people say, " I do not believe in Assurance"
I never knew anybody who read their Bibles who did
not believe in Assurance. This Book teaches noth-
ing else. Paul says, ' 'I know in whom I have be-
lieved." Job says, " I know that my Redeemer liv-
eth." It is not " I hope," " I trust."
The best book on Assurance was written by one
called "John," at the back part of the Bible. He
wrote an epistle on this subject. Sometimes you
just get a word that will be a sort of key to the
epistle, and which unfolds it. Now if you turn to
John 20:31, you will find it says, " These are written,
that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the
Son of God; and that, believing, ye might have life
through His name." Then if you turn to I. John
5:13, you will read thus: "These things have I writ-
ten unto you that believe on the name of the Son of
God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life;
and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of
God." That whole epistle is written on assurance.
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 95
I have no doubt John had found some people who
questioned about assurance and doubted whether
they were saved or not, and he took up his pen and
said, " I will settle that question;" and he wrote that
last verse in the twentieth chapter of his gospel.
I have heard some people say that it was not their
privilege to know that they were saved; they had
heard the minister say that no one could know
whether they were saved or not; and they took what
the minister said, instead of what the Word of God
said. Others read the Bible to make it fit in ana
prove their favorite creed or notions; and if it does
not do so, they will not read it. It has been weli
said that we must not read the Bible by the blue
light of Presbyterianism; nor by the red light of
Methodism; nor by the violet light of Episcopalian-
ism; but by the light of the Spirit of God. If you
will take up your Bible and study " assurance " for a
week, you will soon see it is your privilege to know
that you are a child of God.
Then take the promises of God. Let a man feed
for a month on the promises of God, and he will not
talk about his poverty, and how downcast he is, and
what trouble he has day by day. You hear people
say, "Oh, my leanness! how lean I am!'* My friends,
it is not their leanness, it is their laziness. If you
would only go from Genesis to Revelation, and see
all the promises made by God to Abraham, to Isaac
and to Jacob, to the Jews and the Gentiles, and to all
His people everywhere; if you would spend a month
feeding on the precious promises of God, you would
not go about with your heads hanging down like
bulrushes, complaining how poor you are; but you
|5 The Projnises of God*
would lift up your heads with confidence and prcN
claim the riches of His grace, because you could not
help it. After the Chicago fire a man came up to
me and said in a sympathizing tone, "I understand
you lost everything, Moody, in the Chicago fire."
"Well, then," said I, "some one has misinformed
you." "Indeed! Why I was certainly told you had
lost ail." "No; it is a mistake," I said, "quite a mis-
take." "Have you got much left, then?" asked my
friend. "Yes," I replied,"! have got much more left
than I lost; though I can not tell how much I have
lost." "Well, I am glad of it. Moody; I did not
know you were that rich before the fire." "Yes,"
said I," "I am a good deal richer than you could con-
ceive; and here is my title-deed, 'He that overcom-
eth shall inherit all things.' " They say the Roths*
childs can not tell how much they are worth; and
that is just my case. Ail things in the world are
mine; I am joint heir with Jesus the Son of God.
Someone has said, "God makes a promise; Faith be-
lieves it; Hope anticipates it; and Patience quietiy
IVord Study — "Blesscds' of Revelation — ''Believings*'
of JoJin—''TJic Fear of the Lord'' of Proverbs — Key
A NOT HER way to study the Bible is to take one
l\ word and follow it np with the help of a con-
Or take just one word that runs through a book.
Some time ago I was wonderfully blessed by taking
the seven " Biesscds " of the Revelation. If God did
not wish us to understand the book of Revelation,
He would not have given it to us at all. A good
many say it is so dark and mysterious that com-
mon readers cannot understand it. Let us only keep
digging away at it, and it will unfold itself by and
by. Some one says it is the only book in the Bible
that tells about the devil being chained; and as the
devil know^s that, he goes up and down Christendom
and says, *Tt is no use your reading Revelation,
you can not understand the book; it is too hard for
you." The fact is, he does not want you to under-
stand about his own defeat. Just look at the bless-
i?igs the book contains:
1. ** Blessed is he that 'readeth, and they that hear
the words of this prophecy, and keep those things
which are written therein: for the time is at hand."
2. ''Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. •
g8 Word Study,
. . . Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest
from their labors."
3. •' blessed is he that watcheth and keepeth his
4. ** Blessed are they which are called to the niar
*iage supper of the Lamb "
5. " Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the
hrst resurrection. On such the second death hath
no power; but they shall be priests of God and of
Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.'*
6. " Blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the
prophecy of this book."
7. *' Blessed are they that do His commandments,
that they may have right to the tree of life, and may
enter in through the gates into the city."
Or you may take the eight " overcomes " in Revel-
ation; and you will be wonderfully blessed by them.
They take you right up to the throne of heaven; you
climb by them to the throne of God.
I have been greatly blessed by going through the^
" believi7igs "of John. Every chapter but two speaks
of believing. As I said before, he wrote his gospel
that we might believe. All through it is •'Believe!
Believer If you want to persuade a man that
Christ is the Son of God, John's gospel is the book
Take the six ''precious'' things in Peter's Epistles.
And the seven " walks " of the Epistle to the Ephes-
ians. And the five " much mores " of Romans V. Or
the two *' receiveds " of John I. Or the seven
'' Iwarts'* in Proverbs XXIII., and especially an
eighth. Or '' the fear of the Lord'' in Proverbs: —
*= The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study^ qq
"The fear of the Lord is to hate evil.
"The fear of the Lord prolongeth days.
" In the fear of the Lord is strong confidence
"The fear of the Lord is a fountain of Life.
*• Better is little with the fear of the Lord than
great treasure and trouble therewith.
"The fear of the Lord is the instruction of wisdom.
"By the fear of the Lord men depart from evil.
"The fear of the Lord tendeth to life.
" By humility and the fear of the Lord are riches
and honor and life.
" Be thou in the fear of the Lord all the day
A friend gave me some key words recently. He
said Peter wrote about Hope: "When the Chief
Shepherd shall appear." The keynote of Paul's
writings seemed to be FaitJi, and that of John's,
Love. " Faith, hope and charity," these were the
characteristics of the three men, the key-notes to the
whole of their teachings. James wrote of Good
Works, and Jude of Apostasy.
In the general epistles of Paul some one suggested
the phrase ''in Christ!' In the book of Romans we
find justification by faith in Christ. Corinthians pre-
sents sanctification in Christ. The book of Galatians,
adoption or liberty i?i Christ. Ephesians presents
fulness in Christ. Philippians, consolation iji Christ.
In Colossians we have completeness in Christ. Thes-
salonians gives us hope in Christ.
Different systems of key v.'ords are published by
Bible scholars, and it is a good thing for every one'
to know one system or other.
Bible Markifig — BotTozving ami Lending Bibles— Neces-
sity of Marking— Advantages— I hnv to Mark and
What to Mark— Taking Notes -'Four things zchieh
are little npon the earth, but they are exceeding ivisc'
— ''Every ere shall see Him'' — Additional Exam-
ples — Suggestions.
DON'T be afraid to borrow and lend Bibles. Some
time ago a man wanted to take ray Bible home
to get a few things out of it, and when it came back
I found this noted in it:
Justification, a change of state, a new standing be-
Repentance, a change of mind, a new mind about
Regeneration, a change of nature, a new heart
Conversion, a change of life, a new life for God.
Adoption, a change of family, new relationship
Sanctification, a change of service, separation unto
Glorification, a new state, a new condition with
In the same hand-writing I found these lines:
Jesus only ; the light of heaven is the face of Jesus.
The joy of heaven is the presence of Jesus.
The melody of heaven is the name of Jesus.
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, SOI
Thd theme of heaven is the work of Jesus»
The employment of heaven is the service of Jesus.
The fuhiess of heaven is Jesus Himself.
The duration of heaven is the eternity of Jesus.
BIBLE marking: ITS NECESSITY.
An old writer said that some books are to be tast-
ed, some to be swallowed, and some to be chewed
and digested. The Bible is one that you can never
exhaust. It is like a bottomless well: you can
always find fresh truths gushing forth from its pages.
Hence the great fascination of constant and earnest
Bible study. Hence also the necessity of marking
your Bible. Unless you have an uncommon memory,
you cannot retain the good things you hear. If you
trust to your ear alone, they will escape you in a day
or two; but if you mark your Bible and enlist the
aid of your eye, you will never lose them. The same
applies to what you read.
Bible marking should be made the servant of the
memory. If properly done, it sharpens the memory,
rather than blunts it, because it gives prominence to
certain things that catch the eye, which by constant
reading you get to learn off by heart.
It helps you to locate texts.
It saves you the trouble of writing out notes of
your addresses. Once in the margin, always ready.
I have carried one Bible with me a great many
years. It is worth a good deal to me, and I will tell
you why; because I have so many passages marked
in it, that if I am called upon to speak at any time
I am ready. I have little words marked in the mar-
gin, and they are a sermon to me. Whether I speak
103 Its Advantages,
about Faith, Hope, Charity, Assurance, or any subject
whatever, it all comes back to me; and however un-
expectedly I am called upon to preach, I am always
ready. Every child of God ought to be like a soldier,
and always hold himself in readiness. If the Queen
ot iingland's army were ordered to India tomorrow,
the soldier is ready for the journey. But we can not
be ready if we do not study the Bible. So whenever
you hear a good thing, just put it down, because if
it is good for you it will be good for somebody else;
and we should pass the coin of heaven around just
as we do the coin of the realm.
People tell me they have nothing to say. "Out of
the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaketh."
Get full ol Scripture and then you can't help but say
it. It says itself. Keep the world out of your heart by
£^:^:tting full of something else. A man tried to build
a flying machine. He made some wings and filled
them with gas. He said he couldn't quite fly, but
the gas was lighter than the air and it helped him
over lots of obstructions. So when you get these
heavenly truths, they are lighter than the air down
here and help you over trouble.
Bible marking makes the Bible a new book to you.
If there was a white birch tree within a quarter of
a mile of the home of your boyhod, you would re-
member it all your life. Mark your Bible, and in-
stead of its being dry and uninteresting, it will be-
come a beautiful book to you. What you see makes
a more lasting impression on your memory than
what you hear.
HOW TO MARK AND WHAT TO MARK.
There are many methods of marking. Some use
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Sta^, I(Q
six or eight colored inks or pencils. Black is used
to mark texts that refer to sin; red, all references to
the cross; blue, all references to heaven; and so on.
Others invent symbols. When there is any reference
to the cross, they put ''f" in the margin. Some
write " G ", meaning the Gospel.
There is danger of overdoing this and making
your marks more prominent than the scripture itself.
If the system is complicated it becomes a burden,
and you are likely to get confused. It is easier to
remember the text than the meaning of your marks.
Black ink is good enough for all purposes. I use
no other, unless it be red ink to draw attention to
The simplest way to mark is to underline the
words or to make a stroke alongside the verse. An-
other good way is to go over the printed letters with
your pen, and make them thicker. The word will
then stand out like heavier type. Mark " only " in
Psalm 62 in this way.
When any word or phrase is oft repeated in a
chapter or book, put consecutive numbers in the
margin over against the text. Thus, in the second
chapter of Habakkuk, we find five " woes" against
five common sins; (i) verse 6, (2) verse 9, (3) verse
12, (4) verse 15, (5) verse 19. Number the ten
plagues in this way. When there is a succession of
promises or charges in a verse, it is better to write
the numbers small at the beginning of each separate
promise. Thus, there is a seven-fold promise to
Abraham in Gen. 12, 2-3: "(i) I will make of thee a
great nation, (2) and I will bless thee, (3) and make
thy name great; (4) and thou shalt be a blessing; (5)
104 How to Mark unJ What to Mafk.
and I will bless them that bless thee, (6) and curse
him that curseth thee: (7) and in thee shall all fami-
lies of the earth be blessed." In Prov. i, 22, we
have (i) simple ones, (2) scorners, (3) fools.
Put a "x" in the margin against things not generally
observed: for example, the laws regarding women
wearing men's clothes, and regarding bird-nesting,
in Deut. 22, 5-6; the sleep of the poor man and of
the rich man compared, Ecc. 5, i 2.
I also find it helpful to mark: i. cross-references.
Opposite Gen. i, i, write "Through faith, Heb. 11,
3" — because there we read — " Through faith we un-
derstand that the worlds were framed by the word of
God." Opposite Gen. 28, 12, write — " An answer to
prayer, Gen. 35, 3." Opposite Matt. 6, 33, write "I.
Kings 3, 13 " and " Lu. 10, 42," which give illustra-
tions of seeking the kingdom of God first. Opposite
Gen. 37, 7, write — "Gen. 50, 18" — which is the ful-
filment of the dream.
2. Railroad connections, that is, connections made
by fine lines running across the page. In Daniel 6,
connect " will deliver " (v. 16), " able to deliver " (v.
20), and "hath delivered" (v. 27). In Ps. 66, con-
nect " come and see" (v. 5) with " come and hear"
3. Variations of the Revised Version: tnus Ro-
mans 8, 26 reads — "the Spirit Himself" in the R. V.,
not " itself." Note also marginal readings like Mark
6, 19, " an inward grudge" instead of " a quarrel."
4. Words that have changed their meaning;
" meal " for " meat " in Leviticus. Or where you can
explain a difficulty: " abo\'e " for " upon" in Num.
II, 31. Or where the English does not bring out th^
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study » 105
full meaning of the original as happens in the names
of God: ** Elohim " in Gen. 1,1, ** Jehovah Elohim "
in Gen. 2, 4, " El Shaddai " in Gen. 17, i, and so on.
5. Unfortunate divisions of chapters. The last
verse of John 7 reads — "And every man went unto
his own house." Chapter 8 begins *' Jesus went unto
the mount of Olives." There ought to be no division
of chapters here.
6. At the beginning of every book write a short
summary of its contents, something like the summary
given in some Bibles at the head of every chapter. ^
7. Key words and key verses.
8. Make a note of any text that marks a religious
crisis in your life. I once heard Rev. F. B. Meyer
preach on I Cor. i, 9, and he asked his hearers to
write on their Bibles that they were that day "called
unto the fellowship of His Son Christ our Lord."
When a preacher gives out a text, mark it; as he
goes on preaching, put a few words in the margin,
key-words that shall bring back the whole sermon
again. By that plan of making a few marginal
notes, I can remember sermons I heard years and
years ago. Every man ought to take down some of
the preacher's words and ideas, and go into some lane
or by-way, and preach them again to others. We
ought to have four ears — two for ourselves and two
for other people. Then, if you are in a new town,
and have nothing else to say, jump up and say: "I
heard someone say so and so;" and men will always
be glad to hear you if you give them heavenly food.
The world is perishing for lack of it.
Some years ago I heard an Englishman in Chicago
>6 Taking Notes.
preach from a curious text: "There be four things
which are little upon the earth, but they are exceed-
ing wise." "Well," said I to myself, "what will you
make of these 'little things'? I have seen them a good
many times." Then he went on speaking: "The ants
are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat
in the summer." He said God's people are like the
ants. "Well," I thought, "I have seen a good many
of them, but I never saw one like me." "They are
like the ants," he said, "because they are laying up
treasure in heaven, and preparing for the future; but
the world rushes madly on, and forgets all about
God's command to lay up for ourselves incorruptible
"The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make these
their houses in the rocks." He said, "The conies are
very weak things; if you were to throw a stick at
one of them you could kill it; but they are very
wise, for they build their houses in rocks, where they
are out of harm's way. And God's people are very
wise, although very feeble; for they build on the
Rock of Ages, and that Rock is Christ." "Well," I
said, "I am certainly like the conies."
Then came the next verse: "The locusts have
no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands."
I wondered what he was going to make of that.
"Now God's people," he said, "have no king down
here. The world said, 'Caesar is our king;' but he
is not our King; our King is the Lord of Hosts.
The locusts went out by bands; so do God's people.
Here is a Presbyterian band, here an Episcopalian
band, here a Methodist band, and so on; but by and
by the great King will come and catch up all these
Pleasure a?id Profit in Bible Study. 107
separate bands, and they will all be one; one fold
and one -Shepherd." And when 1 heard that explan-
ation, I said; "I would be like the locusts." I have
become so sick, my friends, of this miserable sectar-
ianism, that I wish it could all be swept away.
"Well," he went on again, "the spider taketh hold
with her hands, and is in kings' palaces." When he
got to the spider, I said, "I don't like that at all; I
don't like the idea of being compared to a spider."
"But," he said, "If you go into a king's palace, there
is the spider hanging on his gossamer web, and look-
down with scorn and contempt on the gilded salons-
he is laying hold of things above. And so every child
of God ought to be like the spider, and lay hold of
the unseen things of God. You see, then, my
brethren, we who are God's people are like the ants,
the conies, the locusts, and the spiders, little things,
but exceeding wise." I put that down in the margin
of my bible, and the recollection of it does me as
much good now as when I first heard it.
A friend of mine was in Edinburgh and he heard
one of the leading Scotch Presbyterian ministers.
He had been preaching from the text, "Every Eye
shall see Him," and he closed up by saying: "Yes,
every eye. Adam will see Him, and when he does he
will say: This is He who was promised to me in
that dark day when I fell;' Abraham will see Him
and will say: 'This is He whom I saw afar off; but
now face to face;' Mary will see Him, and she will
sing with new interest that magnificat. And I, too,
shall see Him, and when I do, I will sing: 'Rock of
Ages, cleft for me. Let me hide myself in Thee.* "
I08 A dditiona! Examples.
Turn to Exodus 6:6-7-8. In these verses we find
seven "I wills."
I zvill bring you out from under the burden of the
I will rid you out of their bondage.
I zvill redeem you with a stretched-out arm.
I zvill \.dik& you to me for a people.
I zvill be to you a God.
/w/// bring you in into the land [of Canaan].
I zvill give it to you for a heritage.
Again: Isaiah 41 :io. "Fear thou not, for I am with
thee; be not dismayed, for I am thy God; I will
strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will
uphold thee with the right hand of my righteous-
ness." Mark what God says:
He is zvith His servant.
He is his God.
He will strengthen.
He will help.
He will uphold.
Again: Psalm 103:2: "Bless the Lord, O my soul,
and forget not all his benefits." If you can not re-
member them all, remember what you can. In the
next three verses there are five things:
V^ho forgiveth all thine iniquities.
Who healeth all thy diseases.
Who redeemeth\\\y life from destruction.
Who crozimeth thee with loving kindness and tender
Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things.
We can learn some things about the mercy or the
Lord from this same Psalm:
Phasure and Profit in Bible Sh^, IOq
V. 4. — Its quality, "tender."
V. 8. — Its measure, ''plenteous."
V. II. — Its magnitude, "great," "according to the
height of the heaven above the earth." See margin.
V. 17. — Its duration, "from everlasting to everlast-
Twenty-third Psalm. I suppose I have heard as
many good sermons on the twenty-third Psalm as on
any other six verses in the Bible. I wish I had be-
gun to take notes upon them years ago when I
heard the first one. Things slip away from you
when you get to be fifty years of age. Young men
had better go into training at once.
With me, the Lord.
Beneath me, green pastures.
Beside me, still waters.
Before me, a table.
Around me, mine enemies.
After me, goodness and mercy.
Ahead of mc, the house of the Lord.
"Blessed is the day," says an old divine, "when
Psalm twenty-three was born!" It has been more
used than almost any other passage in the Bible.
V. I. — A happy life.
V 4. — A happy death.
V. 6. — A happy eternity.
Take Psalm 102:6-7: "I am like a pelican of the
wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert. I watch
and am as a sparrow alone upon the housetop." It
seems strange until you reflect that a pelican carries
i'.s food with it, that the owl keeps its eyes open at
night, and that the sparrow watches alone. So the
no A dditional Examples.
Christian must carry his food with him— the Bible —
and he must keep his eyes open and watch alone.
Turn to Isaiah 32, and mark four things that God
promises in verse 2: "And a man shall be as an hid-
ing place from the wind, and a covert from the tem-
pest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow
of a great rock in a weary land." There we have: —
The hiding place from danger.
The cover from the tempest.
Rivers of water.
The Rock of Ages.
In the third and fourth verses of the same chapter:
"And the eyes of them that see shall not be dim,
and the ears of them that hear shall hearken.
The hl^art also of the rash shall understand know-
ledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be
ready to speak plainly." We have eyes, ears, heart
and tongue, all ready to pay homage to the King of
Now turn into the New Testament, John 4:47-53.
The noble heard about Jesus.
ivent unto Him.
knew that his prayer was answered.
Again: Matthew 11:28-30:
"Come unto me, all ye that labour and arc heavy-
laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon
you and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in
heart; and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For
my yoke is easy, and my burden is light." Someone
has said these verses contain the only description we
have of Christ's heart.
Pleasure ana Profit i7i Bible Study* <D
Something to do, come unto Jesus.
Something to leave, your burden.
Something to take. His yoke.
Something to find, rest unto your soul.
Again: John 14:6. "I am the way, the truth, sni
The way, follow me.
The truth, learn of me.
The life, abide in me.
Do not buy a Bible that you are unwilling to mark
and use. An interleaved Bible gives more room for
Be precise and concise: for example, Neh. 13, 18:
" A warning from history."
Never mark anything because you saw it in some
one else's Bible. If it does not come home to you,
if you not understand it, do not put it down.
Never pass a nugget by without trying to grasp it
Then mark it down.
Personal Work — Three Kinds of Chureh Services —
Church Members — Individual Jixpcrience — One In-
quirer at a Time—Those ivho lack Assurance —
Backsliders— Not Convicted of Sin — Deeply Con-
victed—The Divinity of Christ-- Can t Hold Out—
No Strength — Feelings- Can t Believe— Can't be
Sa t rd all at Of ice — Not Noil • - Further Suggestions .
PERSONAL dealing is of tlic most vital impor-
tance. No one can tell how many persons
have been lost to the Kingdom of God through lack
of following up the preaching of the Gospel by per-
sonal work. It is deplorable how few church-mem-
bers arc qualified to deal with inquirers, yet that is
the very work in which they ought most efificiently
to aid the pastor. People are not usually converted
under the preaching of the minister. It is in the
inquiry-meeting that they are most likely to be
brought to Christ. They are perhaps awakened un-
der the minister, but God generally uses some one
person to point out the way of salvation and bring the
anxious to a decision. Some people can't see the use
of inquiry-meetings, and think they are something
new, and that we haven't any authority for them.
But they are no innovation. We read about them
all through the Bible. When John the Baptist was
preaching he was interrupted. It would be a good
thing if people would interrupt the minister now and
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study, 113
then in the middle of some metaphysical sermon,
and ask what he means. The only way to make
sure that people understand what he is talking about
is to let them ask questions. I don't know what
some men, who have got the whole address written
out, would do if some one should get up and ask:
*' What must I do to be saved?" Yet such questions
would do more good than anything else you could
have. They would awake a spirit of inquiry. Some
of Christ's sweetest teachings were called forth by
THREE KINDS OF CHURCH SERVICES.
There ought to be three kinds of services in all
churches: one for worship — to offer praise, and
to wait on the Lord in prayer; another for teaching;
and at these services there needn't be a word to
the unconverted, (although some men never close
any meeting without presenting the Gospel), but let
them be for the church people; and a third for
preaching the Gospel. Sunday morning is the best
time for teaching, but Sunday night is the best night
in the whole week, of the regular church services, to
preach the simple Gospel of the Son of God. When
you have preached that, and have felt the power of
the unseen world, and there are souls trembling in
the balance, don't say, as I have heard good minis-
ters say: "j^ there are any in this place concerned
— at all concerned — about their souls, I will be in
the pastor's study on Friday night, and will be glad
to see them." By that time the chances arc the im-
pression will be all wiped out. Deal with them that
night before the devil snatches away the good seed.
Wherever the Gospel is proclaimed, there should
114 Personal Work.
be an expectation of Immediate results, and if this
were the case the Church of Christ would be in a
constant state of grace.
" Now when the congregation was broken up,
/nany of the Jews and religious proselytes followed
Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, per-
suaded them to continue in the grace of God." How
much would Paul and Barnabas have accomplished
if they had pronounced the benediction and sent
these people home? It is a thing to weep over that
we have got thousands and thousands of church-
members who are good for nothing towards extend-
ing the Kingdom of God. They understand bazaars,
and fairs, and sewing-circles; but when you ask
them to sit down and show a man or woman the way
into God's kingdom, they say: "Oh, I am not able
to do that. Let the deacons do it, or some one
else." It is all wrong. The Church ought to be
educated on this very point. There are a great
many church-members who are just hobbling about
on crutches. They can just make out that they are
saved, and imagine that is all that constitutes a
Christian in this nineteenth century. As far as help-
ing others is concerned, that never enters their
beads. They think if they can get along themselves,
they are doing amazingly well. They have no idea
what the Holy Ghost wants to do through them.
No matter how weak you are, God can use you;
and you cannot say what a stream of salvation you
may set in motion. John the Baptist was a young
man when he died; but he led Andrew to Christ, and
/Andrew led Peter, and so the river flowed on.
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. 115
In the closing pages of this book I want to give
scrme hints in regard to passing on the good to others,
and thus profiting them by your knowledge of ihe
Bible. Every believer, whether minister or layman,
is in duty bound to spread the gospel. " Go ye
into all the world and preach the gospel to every
creature** was the wide command of our parting
Savior to His disciples.
There are many Bible students, however, who ut-
terly neglect the command. They are like sponges,
always sucking in the Water of Life, but never im-
parting it to thirsty souls around.
A clergyman used to go hunting, and when his
bishop reproved him, he said he never went hunting
when he was on duty.
"When is a clergyman off duty?" asked the
And so with every Christian: when is he off duty?
To be ready with a promise for the dying, a word
of hope for the bereaved and afflicted, of encourage-
ment for the downhearted, of advice for the anxious,
is a great accomplishment. The opportunities to be
useful in these ways are numerous. Not only in
inquiry-meetings and church work, but in our every-
day contact with others the opening constantly
occurs. A word, a look, a hand-clasp, a prayer, may
have an unending influence for good.
•*Is your father at home?" asked a gentleman of
a doctor's child.
" No," he said, " he's away."
"Where can I find him?'*
•* Well," he said, ** you've got to look for him «n
If6 Personal JVork*
some place where people are sick or hwrt, or nome^
thing like that. I don't know where he is, but bc'f
That ought to be the spirit animating every io\r
lower of Him who went about doing good.
LAYING DOWN RULES.
I admit one can't lay down positive rules in deal-
ing with individuals about their religious condition.
Tin soldiers are exactly alike, but not so men.
Matthew and Paul were a good way apart. The
people we deal with may be widely different. What
would be medicine for one might be rank poison for
another. In the 15th of Luke, the elder son and
the younger son were exactly opposite. What
would have been good counsel for one might have
been ruin to the other. God never made two persons
to look alike. If we had made men, probably we
would have made them all alike, even if we had to
crush some bones to get them into the mould. But
ihat is not God's way. In the universe there is in-
finite variety. The Philippian jailer required pecu-
liar treatment. Christ dealt with Nicodemus one
way, and the woman at the well another way,
YOUR OWN EXPERIENCE.
It is a great mistake, in dealing with inquirers, to
tell your ow n experience. Experience may have its
place, but I don't think it has its place when we are
dealing with inquirers; for the first thing the man
you are talking to will do will be to look for your
experience. He doesn't want your experience. He
wants one of his own.
Pleasure and Profit in Bible Study. t||
Suppose Bartimeus had gone to Jerusalem to the
man that was born blind, and said:
" Now, just tell us how the Lord cured you."
The Jerusalem man might have said: " He just
spat on the ground, and anointed my eyes with the
"Ho!" says Bartimeus, ** I don't believe you ever
got your sight at all. Who ever heard of such
a way as that? Why, to fill a man's eyes with clay
is enough to put them out! "
Both men were blind, but they were not cured
alike. A great many men are kept out of the
kingdom of God because they are looking for some-
body else's experience — the experience their grand-
mother had, their aunt, or some one in the family.
ONE INQUIRER AT A TIME.
Then it is very important to deal with one at a
time. A doctor doesn't give cod-liver oil for all
complaints. *' No," he says," I must seek what each
one wants." He looks at the tongue, and inquires
into the symptoms. One may have ague, another
typhoid fever, and another may have consumption.
What a man wants is to be able to read his Bible,
and to read human nature, too.
Those do best who do not run from one person in
an inquiry-meeting to another, offering words of
encouragement everywhere. They would do better
by going to but one or two of an afternoon or even-
ing. We are building for eternity, and can take
time. The work will not then be superficial.
Try first to win the person's confidence, and then
Il8 Personal Work,
your words will have more weight. Use great tad
in approaching the subject.
It will be a great help to divide persons into
classes as much as possible, and bring certain pas-
sages of Scripture to bear upon these classes. It is
unwise, however, to use verses that you have seen in
books until you are perfectly clear in your own mind
of their meaning and application. Avail yourself by
all means of suggestions from outside sources, but as
David could not fight in Saul's armor, so you pos-
sibly may not be able to make good use of texts and
passages which have proved powerful in the hands
of another. The best way is to make your own clai-
sification,and select suitable texts, which experience
will lead you to adopt or change, according to cir-
cumstances. Make yourself familiar with a few pas-
sages, rather than have a hazy and incomplete idea
of a large number.
The following classification may be found help-
1. Believers who lack assurance; who arc in
darkness because they have sinned; who neglect
prayer, Bible study, and other means of grace;
who are in darkness because of an unforgiving spirit;
who are timid or ashamed to confess Christ openly;
who are not engaged in active work for the Master;
who lack strength to resist temptation and to stand
fast in time of trial; who are not growing in grace.
2. Believers who have backslidden.
3. Those who are deeply convicted of sin, and
are seeking salvation.
4. Those who have difficulties of various kind*.
Pieaiure ancf Ptojit in BibU Study. \i(^
Many believe that they are so sinful that God will not
accept them, that they have sinned away their op-
portunities and now it is too late, that the gospel was
never intended for them. Others are kept back by
honest doubts regarding the divinity of Christ, the
genuineness of the Bible. Others again are troubled
by the mysteries of the Bible, the doctrines of elec-
tion, instant conversion, etc., or they say they hav#
sought Christ in vain, that they have tried and failed,
they are afraid they could not hold out. A large
class is in great trouble about feelings.
5. Those who make excuses. There is a wide
difference between a person who has a reason and
one who had an excuse to offer.
The commonest excuses are that there arc so
many inconsistent Christians, hypocrites in the
church; that it would cost too much to become
Christians, that they could not continue in their
present occupation, etc.; that they expect to become
Christians some day; that their companions hold
them back, or would cast them off if they were con-
6. Those who are not convicted of sin. Some
are deliberately sinful; they want to "see life,** to
"sow their wild oats;** others are thoughtless; others
again are simply ignorant of Jesus Christ and His
work. A large number do not feel their need of a
Savior because they are self-righteous, trusting to
their own morality and good works.
7. Those who hold hostile creeds, embracing
sectarians, cranks, Jews, spiritualists, infidels, athe-
ists, agnostics, etc.
120 Personal Work.
Always use your Bible in personal dealing. D<s
not trust to memory, but make the person read the
verse for himself. Do not use printed slips or books.
Hence, if convenient, always carry a Bible or New
Testament with you.
It is a good thing to get a man on his knees (if
convenient), but don't get him there before he is
ready. You may have to talk with him two hours
before you can get him that far along. But when
you think he is about ready, say, "Shall we not a§k
God to give us light on this point?" Sometimes a
few minutes in prayer have done more for a man
than two hours in talk. When the spirit of God has
led him so far that he is willing to have you pray with
him, he is not very far from the kingdom. Ask him
to pray for himself. If he doesn't want to pray, let
him use a Bible prayer; get him to repeat it; for ex-
ample: "Lord help me!" Tell the man: "If the
Lord helped that poor woman, He will help you if
you make the same prayer. He will give you a new
heart if you pray from the heart." Don't send a
man home to pray. Of course he should pray at
home, but I would rather get his lips open at once.
It is a good thing for a man to hear his own voice in
prayer. It is a good thing for him to cry out: " God
be merciful to me a sinner!"
Urge an immediate decision, but never tell a man
he is converted. Never tell him he is saved. Let
the Holy Spirit reveal that to him. You can shoot
a man and see that he is dead, but you can not see
when a man receives eternal life. You can't afford
to deceive one about this great question. But you
PUasiire and Profit in BibU Study. 121
can help his faith and trust, and lead him aright
Always be prepared to do personal work. When
war was declared between France and Germany,
Count von Moltke, the German general, was pre-
pared for it. Word brought to him late at night,
after he had gone to bed. "Very well," he said to
the messenger, "the third portfolio on the left"; and
he went to sleep again.
Do the work boldly. Don't take those in a posi-
tion in life above your own, but as a rule, take those
on the same footing. Don't deal with a person of
opposite sex, if it can be otherwise arranged. Bend
ail your endeavors to answer for poor, struggling
Bouls that question of all importance to them.
''What must I do to be saved ? "
SUMMARY OF SUGGESTIONS.
1. Have for constant use a portable refeience
Bible, a Cruden's Concordance, and a Topical Text
2. Always carry a Bible or Testament in your
pocket and do not be ashamed of people seeing you
read it on trains, etc.
3. Do not be afraid of marking it, or of making
marginal notes. Mark texts that contain promises,
exhortations, warnings to sinners and to Christians,
gospel invitations to the unconverted, and so on.
4. Set apart at least fifteen minutes a day for study
and meditation. This little will have great results
and will never be regretted.
5. Prepare your heart to know the law of the Lord,
and to do it. Ezra 7:10.
6. Always ask God to open the eyes of your under-
standing that you may see the truth; and expect that
He will answer your prayer.
7. Cast every burden of doubt upon the Lord. "He
will never suffer the righteous to be moved." Do not
be afraid to look for a reason for the hope that is in
8. Believe in the Bible as God's revelation to you,
and act accordingly. Do not reject any portion be-
cause it contains the supernatural, or because you
can not understand it. Reverence all Scripture.
PUasurt and Profit in Bible Study. 123
Remember God's own estimate of it: "Thou hast
magnified thy Word above all thy Name."
9. Learn at least one verse of Scripture each day.
Verses committed to memory will be wonderfully
useful in your daily life and walk. "Thy word have
I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against
Thee." Some Christians can quote Shakespeare and
Longfellow better than the Bible
10. If you are a preacher or a Sunday school
teacher, try at any cost to master your Bible. You
ought to know it better than any one in your congre-
gation or class.
11. Strive to be exact in quoting Scripture.
12. Adopt some systematic plan of Bible study:
either topical, or by subjects, like "The Blood,"
*'Praycr," *'Hope," etc.; or by books; or by some
other plan outlined in the preceding pages.
13. Study to know for what and to whom each
book of the Bible was written. Combine the Old
Testament with the New. Study Hebrews and Levi-
ticus together, the Acts of the Apostles and the
Epistles, the Prophets and the historical books of
the old Testament.
14. Study how to use the Bible so as to "walk
with God'' in closer communion; also, so as to gain a
working knowledge of Scripture for leading others
to Christ. An old minister used to say that the cries
of neglected tex*s were always sounding in his ears,
a?king why he did not show how important they
15. Do not be satisfied with simply reading a chap-
ter daily. Study the meaning of at least one verse.
By ANDREW MURRAY
The Spirit of
School of Prayer.
Thoughts on the
Indwelling of the
Thoughts on Our
Training for the Min-
istry of Intercession.
IN the Believer and
Abide in Christ.
Thoughts on the
Comprising the six great
Blessed Life of Fel-
works in connection with
lowship with the
which the author attained
Son of God.
such world-wide favor as a
Thoughts on the
Blessed Life of Con-
formity to the
Son of God.
writer of helpful and spir.
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Holy in Christ.
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Thoughts on the
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Calling of God's
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Children to se Holy
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AS He is Holt.
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A First Century
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