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Full text of "The works of the late Reverend James Hervey, A.M. : Rector of Westen-Favell,in Northamptonshire"

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I W O R K S \ 


O F 

The late Reyerend 

X A 

JAMES H E R V E Y, A. M. i 

i i 

Redor of Weftpn-Favell, in Northamptonfhire. 

i A 


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We preach Chrift crucified ; Chrift the psnxer of Qjd r and the i 
vjijdojn of God. i Cor. i. 23, 24. 

! ' j 


I Printed for P. WHYTE, and J. ROCH, the Publi- ] 
fliers, and fold by them, at their Shop, Lnckenbooths, ] 
and by the principal Bookfcllers in Great-Britain. 

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Being the 

Subftance of THREE SERMONS 
Preached on the late public FAST-DAYS, 


SHOULD any one afk, " Why docs this author 
" publifh his fermons, when the faft is gone and 
"forgotten?" For this very reafon hepublim- 
es, that the faft, though gone, may not be forg( cten 5 
that we may remember the fins we confefTed, and the 
miferies we deprecated ; remember the vows of GOD, 
which are ftill upon us ; and the ihares of death, 
which are ftill around us. 

Should it be further afked, " Why does he obtrude 
A 2 '*' hintfrtf 



i<u r rlf on the public, when fo many eminent wrT 
" tei > have already made their appearance '. Does 
" he bring with him any diftinguiihcd -xoellrncv of 
41 compofition, any iupcrior force of argument, or 
ct uncommori delicacy of f&ntimert ?' r lSic fuch thing. 
He pretends to nothing refined or extraordinary : he 
jiffefts neither brilliant thought, nor polilhed l:yle : 
equally remote from nice criticifrri and profound 
learning, his difcourfes are itudioufly plain, and 
brought down to the level of the meirnell capacity. 

tk What then is his motive?" i'iiis is the very 
truth. In feveral of the fermons publili ed on this 
occalion, the one thing needful fe< ms to bt -^ c looked. 
CHRIST and his free grace, CHR1SY aiul . -cat 

falvation, are cither totally omitted, or h:t flij^htly 
touched. Where thefe are but {lightly to;ic!iccL the 
door of hone and the city of refuse are (hewn, a:-> it 
were, through a rniftr dknly and indiftinclly. We 
have no more than a tranfient glimpfe of the ddirable 
objecls ; arxi o-nly ia much light as is iiifficlent to be- 
wilder, rather than direcl. Where they are totally 
omitted, the door of hope is barred, ant** the city of 
refuge withdrawn from our view. in this cafe,- be- 
ing without CHRIST, we are without coniblation ; 
and may juftlycomplain, wkh the mourning prophet, 
the Comforter^ that fliould relieve our Jouls, /j far off. 

Through the following difcourles, a conftant re- 
gard is paid to the redemption which is in CHRIST 
"JESUS; to his all-atoning blood, and his everlaft- 
ing righteouinefs \ which are the grand means, be-th 
of comforting our hearts, and fanctify ing cur nature. 
Indeed the principal aim of the whole is, to dffplay 
the unfearchable riches of C II R I ST, the matchlels 
efdcacy of his death, and that perfecl freencfs with 
'.vhich all his invaluable benefits are beltowed. Tothoje 
"j)ho believe he is precious ; and to thofe who are con- 
vinced of fin, thefe falutary truths will be their own 
befl r-:-.u.ninen-Jation. Such readers will ^xcufe a 


P R E F A G E. j? 

multitude of blemifhes, provided they find J E S US 
who was crucified; JESUS, who is the delire of all- 
nations ; JESUS, than whom no other foundation can 
be laid, either for prefent holinefs, orfuture happinefs. 

As thefe fermons were not preached to gratify a 
curious tafte, neither are they publimed with any fond 
profpecl of reforming a finjul nation. Sincerely as 
the author loves his country, and ardently as he de- 
fires the falvation of his counl'rymen, he is not fo> 
vainly fanguine in his expectations. But this he will 
venture to affert, that, if ever a reformation is pro- 
duced, it muft, under the influences of the eternal 
SPIRI F, be produced by the doctrines of free grace, 
and juftification through a REDEEMER'S righteouf- 
ncis. Till thefe doclrines are generally inculcated, 
the moft eloquent harangues from the pulpit, or the 
moft correct diltertations from the preis, will be no- 
better than a point lefs arrow, and a broken bow. 

This alfo he will venture to hope, that the dif~ 
courfes may here and there meet with fome poor fm- 
ner who is fmitten with a fenle of guilt, and alarmed 
with apprehenfions of danger ; who defires nothing lc> 
much as to find a refting- place, where he may be 
free from the terrors of confcience, and fafe in the 
day of trouble. This freedom and this fafety are to 
be found o/y, are to be found infallibly, in the bleffed 
JESUS and the blood of fprinkling. If fuch a reader, 
by the following pages, is conducted to this divine 
fandhiary, the writer is fatisfied, is rewarded, enjoys 
the utmoft of his wiihes. 

Then, inflead of ibliciting the voice of fame, or 
coveting the wreath of honour ; inftead of giving 
himfelf any concern about the officious critic ; he will 
thankfully adore that almighty hand which confirmeth 
the ivord of his Jervant^ and perfor meth the counjel of 
his meffengers *. For, oh ! how inlipid is the praife of 


* If. xl-iv. 26. 


men, compared with the exalted pleafure of glorify- 
ing GOD, and edifying an immortal ioul ! How 
harmlefs is defamation from a fellow-creature, when 
our great CREATOR fmiles ; and is pleated by lueak 
things, and by things that are dej'pijed *, to accomplish 
the purpofes of his infinite grace and everlafling love ! 

* i Cr. i. 27, 28. 

S E 


The Time of Danger. 

HEB. xi. 28. 

Through forth he kept the pa [/over , and the fprinkling 
of blood, left he that destroyed, the firjl-born^ JJwuld 
touch them. 

IF we confult the hiftory to which thefe words 
refer, we (hall find the Ifraelites in a ftate of 
great affliclion. The Egyptians opprefled them ; 
very heavily laid the yoke upon them ; and made 
their lives bitter luith hard bondage. The mifcry of 
his people GOD pities, and is refolved to redrefs. 
Accordingly he fends Mofes, in the quality of his 
ambaflador, to demand their releafe. The king of 
Egypt moft infolcntly replies, Who is the L R Z), 
that I fliould obey his voice, to let Ifrael go f I know 
not the LOR Z>, neither -will I let 'ijrael go. GOD, 
to chaftife his infolence and obftinacy, inflicts a va- 
riety of plagues on him and his fubjech : in contempt 
of all which Pharaoh hardens his heart, perfifts in his 
difobediencc ; and refufes to let the people go. At laft, 
fays the LORD, I will bring one plague more upon Pha- 
raoh and upon Egypt *; which fliall infallibly accom- 
jslifh my purpofe. Be their hearts hard as the nether 

mill(lone a 

* ExocL xi. i. 

fi T H E T I M E 

atone, thisfliall make them feel: be their refolution 
ftubborn as an iron finew, this (hall make it bend. 
*lbout midnight I ivill go out into the mid/} of Egypt, 
find all the firfl born in the land of Egypt Jhall die *. 

But as the Ifraclites then dwelt in Egypt, how 
fliotild they be fafe amidft the general deiblation ? 
Will it belaid, the Ifraelites, being the people of GOD ? 
were not expoied to this punifhment ; had no reafon 
to fear the infliftion of this 'vengeance ? None, that 
remembers how all the world is become guilty before 
GOD, will affirm this ; none, that conliders how re- 
bellious and idolatrous the Ifraelites were, can fup- 
pofc this. And every one who has read Ezek. xx. 
,8. j- mud allow, that there was no difference in this 
j - efpc&. The one people were -criminal, as well as 
the other. All of them mofl righteoufly deferved the 
afflictive ftroke. Grace, free and fovereign grace 
alone, muft make the diftinftion. 

Since this was the cafe, jt may reafonably be afked, 
How fhall the Ifraelites be fafe ?---The LORD himfelf 
directs Mofes to a method, which fhou4d effectually 
iecure all the families of Ifrael, while death entered 
Jnto every habitation of the Egyptians. The method 
its .execution and fuccefs are all ipecified in the 
text. By faith Mojes kept the pa (fiver '., andthefprink- 
ling of bloody left he that deftroyed the firjl-born Jliould 
touch them. Where we may obferve, 

I. A very dreadful danger,, fignified by the deftruc- 
iio n of the fir ft- born . 

II. A method of fecurity from this danger ; effected 
,by keeping the paflover, -and the bluod of jpr inkling. 

III. The fuccefs of this method ; denoted by the 
cleftroyer not Jo ninth as touching them. 


* Exod. xi. 4, 5. 

j- But they rebelled againft me, and would not hearken unto 

me : they did ntt, every man, ca/f away the abominations tif 

his eyes, neither did they fcrfake the idoh'of Egypt. Ihfn / 

faid^ i will pour out my fury upon them, to accompli/h 

Anger againft them, in the midft of the land o 


The good LORD enable us to open and apply the 
words, thus divided ! Then we flnll fee, their iuitable- 
nefs to the prefent occafion ; and, i hope, feel their 
ialutary influence on our ibuls. 

I. A very dreadful danger ; (ignified by the dcftruc~> 
tion of the fir ft -born, Ttie LOlisJ had already put his 
hand to the fwoni* It vv.s even now drawn from ins 
fcabbard, and had received a commiilion to go forth ; 
to go forth that very night ; to walk through all the 
Jand of Egypt ; and to be bathed, before the morning- 
light, in the blood of the firft-born, all the firit born, 
from the haughty king that fat on the throne, even to 
the flave tbat toiled at the mill, and the very Iheep 
that yeaned in the field. Tremendous, as well as ine- 
vitable blow ! O what an alarm will it create, and 
what affliction will it fpread ! make every heart fad, 
and every houfe a fcene of mourning ! There fliall be 
a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, Juch as- 
there was none like //, nor Jhall be like it any more *. 

And is not the prefent time a tiaie of imminent 
danger ? are not the judgments of the Almighty now 
abroad in the world ? have not earthquakes maker* 
kingdoms, and rent the foundations of nature ? have 
they not fpread terror through our own and diftant 
nations ; laid wealthy towns and magnificent cities in. 
ruin ; and fwallowcd up or deftroycd unknown mul- 
titudes of our fellow- creatures ? 

Is not the fword of flaughter drawn ? has not war 
hung out her bloody fhg ? are not the flames kindled 
in Europe and America ; on the land and on the 
ocean ! are they not gathering ftrength daily ; fpread- 
ing their rage continually ; and threatening to over- 
run all ? 

If we were evidently fuperior to our enemies iri 
number and power, in vigilance and unanimity 5 yet 


Exod. xi- 6. 
VOL, V. N2o, B 

to T H E T I M E SER. f. 

the events of military undertakings are very uncertain. 
The h'.itt'c is not aliuays to the Jlrong *. Succcfs and 
victory depend upon a hand higher far than the arm of 
Helh. Without me, faith the LORD, they fhallbo-w down 
under the prijoncrs, and they fli all fall under theflain \ . 
But are we not at war with one of the moil potent, 
infidious, entcrprifing kingdoms in the world ? is there 
rot great reafon to fuppofe, that tney will foon be 
joined by their neighbours the Spaniards ? And, if we 
have been worded by one, how (hall we contend with 
their united forced Conlideringthe tituation and be- 
haviour of the ungrateful Auflrians, have we not caufc 
to fufpeft the junction of a third Popifh power againft 
our religion and liberty ? will not the court of Rome, 
with all her bigotted adherents, urge and infligate 
them to be aftive in this confederacy \ ? will they not 
at this juncture, the moft favourable for the profe- 
ntion of their purpofe that any age has afforded, or 
their own fanguine zeal can defire ; will they not ex- 
ert their utmofl ability to crufh the Protcftant caufe, 
and extirpate the Proteflant name || ? 


'' Ecclef. ix. ir. -j- If. x. 4. 

^ I am informed, that when the Pope heard of the alliance 
lately ettablifhcd between the houfes of Bourbon and AuQria, 
Hungary and Bohemia, llren^thened by the unexpected accef- 
fiiinof RufTia, he cried out, with an air of triumph, admirubilf 
cvmmcrcium generis human i I u Admirable alVociation and in- 
* s tercourfe of mankind 1" promifing hirnfelf, I fuppoie, from 
this remarkable turn of affairs, fuch advantages to the caul-.: 
and interefts of Popery as exceeded even ail his hopes. 

|| The French and Auitrian minilters, it feems, have long 
been concerting rneafures to tear up the reformed religion by 
the roots, and not to leave a Proteftant upon the face of the 
earth. This execrable plot is difcovered by the fagacity and 
activity of the king of Pruflia; is averred and proved, in the 
memorials lately publiftied by his Majeity. If that hero and 
his army fhould fall btfjre their enemies, what can hinder the 
execution of this horrid defign ? It may puzzle the acuteft 
p< ''ticiiwi to afitgn any kumnn means, iufEcieut to (land as a 


Should the enemy make a defcent upon our iflaiid, 
tvhat can we exped, but that our illand be turned into 
a field of blood ? They, who have always been jea- 
lous of our intereft and influence, have now adde<- rage 
to their jealoufy. Their reientment, like the burning 
fiery furnace, is heated feven times hotter than ufual. 
We fhould certainly find them, as the fcripture fpeaks, 
a bitter and ha/ly nation * ; and, without the ipirit of 
prophecy, may venture to declare, Wo be to England, 
if GOI} fhould now deliver it into the hands of the 

Some, perhaps, may cry, " Thefe fears are all chi- 
" merical. There is no ground for fuch difcoura- 
" gig fuggeftions. We don't queftion but we (hall 
" be a match, and more than a match for our adver- 
li faries." To this confident boailing let not my 
tongue, but let the courfe of events, let the difpolals 
of Providence reply. Have we, then, been i'uperior 
in the day of trial ? Alas! have we not loft Minorca ? 
is not Ofwego gone r a general (lain, and his army 
cut in pieces ? an admiral condemned to be /hot to 
death, and his fleet defeated by an inferior number of 
the enemy's mips? Are not ravages and depredations 
madealmoft continually upon our colonies in America; 
and horrible, unheard-of cruelties committed by the 
iavages, on the perions of our fellow-fubjecis ? What 
have we reaped from the late campaign, but difap- 
pointment, lois, and mame ? 

Are not all thefe things apparently againft us ? wiU 
they not difpirit our men and embolden our foes ? will 
they not make our allies backward to come in with 
their fuccours, and render the powers that are unen- 
gaged afraid to declare themielves on our tide ? 

All thefe circumftances coniidered, the prefent time 
appears to be a time of uncommon danger : affairs, 
look where-ever we will, wear a louring alpecfr. Our 
is black with clouds , and there is the found of abun- 
B 2 dance 

la T H E T I M E SER. I. 

dance of rain*. Judgments feem, more than feem, 
to be hovering all around us. How ibon they may 
fall, GOD only knows ! 

If OD indeed were for us, we might truft, andnoe 
be afraid ; we might look danger in the face, and 
boldly lay, Who /hall be againji us -J- ? But is this the 
cafe ? are we a righteous nation, that keepeth thetruth\f 
is there fufficient reafon to believe, that the holy One 
of Ifrael is our defence ? Are we not, on the contra- 
ry, a finful generation, a people laden with iniquity ? 
is there not abundant reafon to fear, left our GOD 
jfhould fay, in terrible indignation, They are joined to 
idols, let th<.tn alme \f In order to determine this 
point, let us examine our ways. Nothing can be 
anore proper for a day of humiliation. Are not we, 
like the Egyptians, in a flate of great danger ? If wp 

1. They7/ of our nation. 

2. The judgments of G O D denounced upon fuch 

3. The certain execution of thofc judgments, unlefs 
\ve tiy to the appointed refuge. 

I. Confider the fins of our nation. Here I (hall 
mention fome, and only fome, of thole abominations, 
which, where-ever they are found, cannot fail to pro- 
voke the eyes of G O D's glory, and render either a 
ycrfon or a people ripe for his vengeance. 

The Chrifiianjabbath is an ineftimable privilege to 
the church of C H R IS T: it is a happy means of 
"building us up in knowledge, of eftablifhing us in 
faith, and preparing us for our everlafting reft. Yet 
is it not (hamefully profaned in city and in country ? 
What multitudes wafte it in idlenefs, or fquander it 
away in unedifying conversation ; making it by far 
the mod ufelcfs and contemptible day of the week ? 
This they do, even though GOD ftrictly charges, 


* t Kings xviii. 41, -r Rom. viii. 31. 

2. || Hof. iv. 17, 


faying, Remember ye the Sabbath-day, not barely to 
abftain from your ordinary works, but to keep it ho- 
ly* ; devoting it entirely to holy purpoies, and reli- 
gious exercifes. This they do, even though- GOD 
folemnly threatens, faying, If ye will not htarken unto 
me, to hallow the Jabbath-day, then will I kindle afire 
in your gates, and it fliall devour the palace? ofjeru- 
Jalem, and it ftiall not be quenched^. 

Is not the name of GOD great, wonderful, and holy ? 
ought it not to be ufed with the deepeft veneration, 
and magnified above all things ? But is it not audaci- 
oufly difhonoured, and impioufly blafphemed ? diiho- 
noured by cuftomary and wanton, blafphemed by falie 
and perfidious {wearing ? Has not the moft high GOD 
declared, that he will in no wile hold fuch daring 
wretches guilt lefs ? Yet how do thefe daring wretches 
i'warm, like the locufls of fociety, in our polluted 
land ? O England, how is thy air tainted with this 
breath of the infernal pit ! how do thy ftreets refound, 
moil horribly refound, with this language of hell ! 
And will not the almighty LQMD make thee know, 
know, by bitter experience, what that meaneth, 
which is fpoken by his prophet ? Becauje of fa car ing 
the land mournethj; mourneth under afflicting viilta- 
tions, and defolating judgmtnts. 

Is not the fcripture a iinguhr blefling ? Yes; it is 
ct.lcbrated by the Pfalmift as the ibvereign bleffing ; 
that which crowns the other inftanccs of divine good- 
nefs : He/Jtciueth his "word unto Jacob, his Jlatutes and 
ordinances unto Ijrael. It is alfo celebrated as a mod 
diflnguifliing bleiling, from which multitudes are ex- 
cluded: He hath not dealt Jo with all nations, neither 
have the Heathen knowledge of his laws |j. Should not 
then the fcripture be precious to our fouls ; more pre- 
cious than fine gold ; fweeter alfo than honey, and the 
droppings of the honey-comb ? fhould we not exerciie 


* Exod. xx. 8. *f- Jer. xvii. 27. 

J Jcr. xxiii. jo. j| Pfal. cxlvii. 19, 20, 

14 T H i: I M E SER. L 

ourfelvcs in it day and night*; reading it by clay, 
meditating on it by night '. Ihould \vc not make it the 
r.iolt deli^h'ful fubjc'c't of our converfaiion ? talk of it 
to our children, our domeftics, our neighbours ; when 
we lie down, and rile up ; when we walk by the way, 
and fit in the houie-}- ? But where are the perfons 
xvho bear luch a iuperlative efteem for the Bible . ? 
where is the company that delights to converle on 
tholl- 01 udes of truth ? where are the parents that dili- 
gently inilrtivl their children, and feed them with the 
milk of the word : Diveriion, of every kind, engages 
their attention, and the mod trifling impertinence 
employs their tongue : but the LOR D's word is in- 
iipid, if not irkt'ome. His word is treated, even by 
Proteitants, as the manna was treated by the liraelitcs, 
\vho h;>.d the ingratitude and impudence to fay, Our 
Joul Ivatheth this light bread j; . A plague from the 
LORD of hofts v/as the confequence of their con- 
temptuous treatment of the meat that perifheth. Of 
liow much lorcr punimment (ball we bethought wor- 
thy, who contemn the food which endureth to ever- 
latting life ? 

GOD hath referved the unjuft, faith the fcripture, 
unto the day of judgment, to be puniflied ; chiefly Ikojc 
iuho -walk ujtcr the flejh in the lujh of uncle annejs jj . Is 
not this iniquity rampant among the inhabitants of 
England ? What lewd pifiures are expofed to view ! 
\vhat filthy writings are differed to fee the light ! fewel 
for luft, and incentives to debauchery. What is wit, 
in our days, but either iome lafcivious hint, or fome 
licentious abufe of fcripture ? Are not the wanton tn- 
tertaimr^cntsof theftage, and other fern inarics of lewd- 
nefs, countenanced, fupported, thronged ? Can you 
acquit our cities and towns of drunkennefs, revellings, 
and abominable exceffes ? Are not thefe, and all forts 
of fihhinefs, found in our Ikirts ? If ib, hear the word 


* Pfal 4. 2. f Deut, vi, 7. Numb, xxi, 5. [j 2 Pet, ii. 10, 

SEK.T. O F D A N G E a. 15 

of the LORD, and let it fink deep into every heart ; 
When I had fed them to the full, they then committed 
adultery and ajjcmbled thcmjeivcs by troops in the har~ 
lots houfes. They were as fed horjes in the morning: 
every one neighed after his neighbour* s "wife. Shall Inof 
vi fit for theje things * faith the LORD ; and /hall not 
my foul be avenged on Juch a nation as this * f 

Is not religion, vita! religivn, very much upon the 
decline ? does it not, even among the ferious, wear a 
lickly dying afpect ? What multitudes profefs to knov.' 
GOD, but in works deny him ; and, quite deftitute 
of thq power of godlincfs, content themfelvcs with 
the mere form ? Whereas, if any, in imitation of the 
firft believers and preachers, are fervent in fpirit, fer- 
ving the LORD with alacrity and zeal; thefe perions, 
inftead of being encouraged, are oppofcd ; inilead of 
being eflecmed, are reproached. Of fuch performs even 
the malignant fpirit could bear witnefs ; Thefe are the 
fervants of the mo ft high GOD, luho fliew unto us thf 
11} ay offalvation f. But among us, who call ourfelves 
Chriflians, who pique ourfelves upon being the pu- 
rcft church in Chriitcndom, among us fuch perfons 
are deemed the vilionaries of the age, the diftut bcrs of. 
Jbcicty, the rncn that would turn the worldupjide down\. 
The ministers who are moft faithful, and the people 
who are moft exemplary, are aderifion and a by-word 
among their neighbours. Thus, in Ifrael^ they mocked 
the mejjcngcrs of GOD, and dcjpifed his words , atict 
mijujcd his prophets. But it was to the confufion of 
thole fcotfers, and the ruin, of their country, for the 
lurath of thf LORD nroje agciinjt his people, till there 
iv a j no remedy. Therefore he brought upon them the 
king of the Chaldces, i-jho jlc'w their young men luit'n the 
{word, in the honje <>j their fe.nftuary ; and had no com- 
pajfion upon young man Or maiden, old man or hurt that 
JJooped for age || . 


* Jer. v. 7, 8, Q. -j- Afts xvi. 17* ~ Ads xv;j. $> 

\^| 2 Chron. xxxvi. ;6, 17. 

i* T H E T I M E SER. f- 

we not abandoned to a fpirit of carnal confi-> 
.-;'' Whim do we dill-over any reliance on the Al- 
mighty, or afcribe any of our fuccefs to his gracious 
intcrpoGtion \ It is not GOD, but our {word, that 
ihall help us. Or, if any unfeen power is acknow- 
ledged, it is not the LORD of hofls, but good fortune. 
One would almoib imagine, that we were afhamed of 
a heavenly nlly ; and thought it a difgracc to own our- 
leives dependent on Omnipotence. Is not fuc'h a tem- 
per a national infatuation, and the harbinger of na- 
tional judgments ? Zedekiah and the men of Judah 
forgot or neglected the Mock of their falvation, and 
made Pharaoh's army their confidence But fee what 
was the iflue, or hear it from rhe mouth of him who 
fulfilled! the words of his iervants; Tho* he had fmit- 
ten the luhole army of the Chaldeans that fight againji 
you, and there remained but wounded men anwng them, 
yet fliould they rife up every man in his tent^ and burn 
this city -with fire * . 

Should you lay, This is a falfc charge : have we 
not, this very day, publicly acknowledged, that, 
" without the divine aid, the wiiefl counfels of frail 
" men, and the multitude of an hoft, and fill the in- 
" ftruments of war, are but weak and vain ?" Have 
we not likewifc exprefsly declared, that, u not con- 
41 fiding in the iplendor of any thing l^iat is great, or 
<c the (lability of any thing that is flrong here bcJow, 
ct we do molt humbly flee to the LORD for fuccour, 
" and put our trult under tlie madovv of his wings fr'"* 
I would to G O D we believed that acknowledgment, 
and aclcd conformably to this declaration. We mould 
then be very diligent to propagate religion among 
our foldieis and Tailors; we mould feek for fuch offi- 
cers and commanders, as are men fearing GOD; 
we fhould be as defircus to eflablifh our troops in 


* Jer. xxxvii. 10. 
f The forhi of prayer appointed for rhe fart. 


godlinefS) as to train them up in military difcipline. 
But is it thus with our army ? is it thus with our 
navy ? Vifit a man of war. You will think yourlelf, 
not in one of the bulwarks of our ifland, but in a little 
hell. "Obierve the gentlemen of the fword. Concern- 
ing the generality of them you will have reaibn to 
afk, Are theie Chriftians ? are they not incarnate de- 
vils * I And can we expeifr, that the infinitely- pure 
GOD will go forth wither/; holts ? will he not ra- 
ther become th^ir enemy ^ and fight againft them \f 

What ignorance prevails, < fpecially among the lower 
ranks of people f Thegrpilci^ ignorance of themtelves, 
and of GOD our SAVIOUR; the groiTeft ignp- 
ranee of grace and falvation by a REDEEM Eli's 
righteoufnefs ; the groflefl ignorance of the very iir/t 
principles of our holy religion. To do evil they arc 
wife : but to do good, to believe in JESUS CHRIST^ 
to love and glorify him who bought flnners with his 
blood ; to do all, to do any of this, they have no 
knowledge. And is it a imall matter to be thus chil-* 
dren ofdarknefs? is not the foul alienated from the life 
of GOD through ignorance J ? does not this difpleaii? 
the mod high GOD, and provoke the holy One of 
Ifrael ? Let his own word determine: // // a people of 
no underftanding ; therefore he that made them^will not 
have mercy on them; and he that formed them, ivilljheiv 
them no favour jj . Are thefe impotent menaces ? made 
only to be contemned \ then we may difmifs our fears. 


' Does this found harfb ? or will ^iny other part of the charge 
advanced in theie difcourfes prove oiFenfwe? I am lorry 
there fhould be any occafion for fuch language. But 1 dare not 
retract it; 1 muft no: foften it; no nor apologize for it. Thus 
asuch, however, I will very readily acknowledge, borrowing 
tne words of Job; If it b' not fn tmu^ let experience make me 
u liar, and\\\ this cafe make my fpecch nothing -worth, Job xxiv. 
25. Defirous as I am of fpeakiirg truth, here I (hall rejoice 
W be convi&fd of falfehood. 

f If. Ixiii. ip. ^ Eph. iv. 1 8. jj If. xxvii. xi. 

VOL, V. N 21. C 


But if they arc the word of GOD, which liveth and 
abideth for ever; then we have reaibn to cry, " What 
tv will become of Enjihncl :" 

In a word, religion, both as to knowledge and 
pradice, was never at ib low an ebb, fince the refor- 
mation took place ; nor luxury, and immorality of 
every kind, at iiich an enormous height. Where now 
arc our rulers f are they zealous for G () D, and va- 
liant for the truth ? have they courage to Item the tor- 
rent, or to oppofe the overflowings of ungodlinefs ? 
Where are the grandees and magiftrates ? warm 
with generous indignation, do they (hatch the fpear ; 
and, like the gallant Phmchai, fmite through the loins 
of iniquity ? Alas ! have not our great men altogether 
broken the yoke, and bur/} the bonds *? are they not, 
generally Ipeaking, the ringleaders in tranfgreiHon ; 
as eminent for their contempt of GOD, as for the af- 
fluence of their circumftances ? Tea, the hand of the 
princes and rulers hath been chief in the ieveral tref- 
paflcs f . But will that dignity, which they have abu- 
led ; will that authority, which was lent them for 
better purpofes ; will thofe diftin&ions be a fecurity 
to them or their country, in the day of vilitation ? 
Hear what the righteous LORD fays, who is higher 
than the highefl, and able to execute all his decrees : 
// if the f word of the great men that are /lain, ivhich 
enter eth into their privy chambers . I havefet the point 
of the /word avainft all their gates, that their hearts 
may faint, and their ruins be multiplied J. Gates, be 
they ever fo ttrongly fortified, or ever fo faithfully 
guarded, are no fence againft the point of JEHO- 
V A H's fword. And if fin is fulfered to enter, 
judgments will affuredly follow : judgments will fol- 
low even the mod powerful and wealthy finners ; 
will puriue them like an eager blood-hound ; will 
haunt them like a difmal ghoft: ; will force a way into 


* Jer. v, 5. -|- Ezrt 1:-:. 2. $ Ezek. xxi. 14, 15. 

SEE. I. O F D A N G E R. 19 

their palaces, nay into their clofeft retirements ; and 
never remit the chace, till jointing of heart ends in 
multiplied ruin; in the ruin of themfelves, their fa- 
milies, their country. 

Amidft all thele crying evils, are we not prefumptu- 
oujly fccure f is there not a deplorable fpirit of itupi- 
dity, which blinds our eyes, and renders us infenfible ? 
Scarce anyone lays thefe miferies and dangers to 
heart. Who mourneth for the abominations of the 
land : who ftirreth up himielf to call upon GOD, if 
ib be he may yet be intreated, and have mercy upon 
Zioni Are we not too much like the intoxicated lin- 
ners of the old world ? 'They ate, they drank ; they 
bought, they fold; they planted, they builded. They 
gave themielves wholly up to fenlual gratifications, 
and inferior cares ; disregarding all the admonitions of 
Noah, and all the tokens of impending vengeance : 
//// the divine long- fullering ceafed ; the univerfalyfoo^ 
came ; and, with irrefiftible violence, fwept them all 
away *. Are we not in the condition of thofe lupine 
fenfelefs people, fpoken of by the prophet Zephaniah ? 
It fhall com-e to pajs at that day, that 1 will Jearch fc- 
rujalem luit/i candles, andpunifh the men that are Jet tied 
upon their lees ; that fay in their heart, The LORD will 
?iot do good, neither will he do evil. And may we not 
juftly expedi their awful doom r Therefore their goods 
fliall become a booty, and their houjes adefolation. Their 
blood fliall be poured out as dujl, and their Jicfh as the 
dung. Neither their filver nor their gold fhall be able to 
deliver them, in the day of the L R D*s 'wrath; but 
the whole land/hall be devoured by the fire of hisjealuujy |. 
As a farther aggravation of our crimes, have we 
not been incorrigible, amidft the moft compuHive and 
the moft winning motives to amendment ? We have 

* Luke xvii. 27. -j- Zeph. i. 12. &c. 

Trementi'ous threat'ningi black as night it jtands, 

Fierce as ten furies, terrible us hell, 

Andfl)akes a dnadful dart; MILTON, 

C i Even 

to T H E T I M E SER. I. 

been vifited with a contagious diflempcr among our 
cattle ; which, we are apprehenlive, might have in- 
troduced a plague among the human race. From this 
fear we have been delivered : but are we delivered 
from our evil works, and have we renounced all un- 
godlinefs : Rebellion broke out in our ifland ; threat- 
ring to overthrow our Protcflant government, and 
deprive us of our reformed religion ; threatening to 
deprive us of our liberty and its privileges, of 
our peace and its comforts. The florm alib was 
ibon blown over, and tranquillity reftored to our land. 
But did we return every one to the LORD our 
GOD, who dealt ib gracioufly with us? Earthquakes 
have lhattered other kingdoms, have deftroyed other 
cities ; while they only admonifhed, not injured, us 
and ours. Has this goodneis, this diftinguifhing good- 
aieis of GOD, led us to repentance \ Were we not 
lately preferved from the mod calamitous of all tem- 
poral lofTes ? from loling the precious fruits of the 
earth. When the corn was ripe and ready for the 
fickle, who can forget the louring fky, and the de- 
icending rains, which held back the hufbandman's 
hand, and forbade the gathering ? A few more days 
of inch unfeafonable weather had inevitably 1'poiled 
the produce of the ground, and deftroyed the ftaff of 
life. But divine v Providence, at the very hour of 
need, retrained the immoderate mowers ; bid the fun 
fhine forth with peculiar brightnefs ; and gave us the 
expected weeks of the harveft; thus refcuing us 
from famine, perhaps from peftilence, probably from 
mutiny, certainly from a train of evils, the particu- 
lers of which we cannot fo much as imagine. But is 
there not too much ground for the complaint, fo pa- 

Even the dart of divine indignation over a guilty land. Yet 
>vho is awakened from a fbre of indolence? who is induced 
to watch and pray ? who falls down at the feet of JEHO- 
VAH, though they fee his wrath enkindling, and hear his 
terrors-denounced ? 

SER.I. O F D A N G E R, ai 

theticaliy urged, and fo frequently repeated, by the 
prophet;. Though I have done all tins for you, yet have 
ye not returned unto me, Jaith the LORD * f 

Behold, now, the ft ate of our nation. Our fins 
abound, and are grown up to heaven ; fins of every, 
even the mod horrid kind ; lins among all ranks, 
from the higheft to the lovveit. In our fins we per- 
fift, though wooed, as it were, with the choiceft mer- 
cies ; though made to fmart under various judgments ; 
though threatened with far more afflictive visitations. 
And wiii the great, the mighty, the immortal GOD, 
always bear with fuch a people ? will he receive the 
moft horrible indignities, and ftill, (till refrain him- 
felf ? Surely he will awake, as one out of fleep'i 
furely he will fay, with a determined indignation, 
jihl / "will caje me of mine adverjaries, and avenge 
me of mine enemies f / Has he not fhewed us evident 
tokens of his diipleafure I is he not filling all his dif- 
penfations with marks of anger? And what, O what 
may be the end of thefe beginnings ! how doleful, 
how deftruclive ! unlefs fovereign grace interpofe ; 
bringing us, by faith in the S O N of GOD, to un- 
feigned repentance and newnefs of life. Some no- 
tion we may form concerning the end of thefe things 
by unfolding the fecond point ; 

2. The judgments of GOD denounced on fuch fins. 
Where fuch iniquities prevail, we might naturally 
conclude, that the divine indignation is awakeneti, 
and the divine vengeance lingereth not. Is there a 
GOD ? does he behold the children of men ? is his 
nature infinitely pure and holy ? Surely then he can- 
not, he will not fuffer the moil outrageous violations 
of his fublimc perfections to pafs unpunifhed. Thus 
we might argue from the nature of G O D ; this we 
might conjecture from the afpeft of things. But we 
have a more fure word of prophecy ; in this word, 
the wrath of GOD is revealed again/I all ungodlinefs 

* Amos, iv, 6, 8, 9, 10, ir. -f Ifa, i. 24. 

i H E T 1 M E SER. I. 

and nni -ighteoujticfs of me n * . And fee ! in what fla- 
ming colours, by what frightful images this wrath is 
jcprefented, theie judgments are dcicribed. 

They are likened to a lion rending his prey. The 
1.O11O hath been /<///<> Ephraim as a moth, and unto 
ihe /iou/'f of Jima/i as a worm. He hath diipenicd 
jniider corrections ; afflicting them in meafure, and 
xvith holding inferior comforts. His judgments xverc a moth fretting the garment, or like a worm cor- 
roding the wood. In both which cafes the coniump- 
lion creeps, as it were ; the xv ailing operates lilently, 
and proceeds {lowly. Thus the chafiiiing JEHOVAH 
aclted ; giving the people fpace for recollection, and 
looking for repentance ; but no repentance was pro- 
duced : they continued irreclaimable, adding fin to 
Jin. Then lays the L O I\ D, / will be unts Ephraim 
as a lion; which, all fierce and ravenous, ruflies up- 
on a lonely traveller. I xvill now come forth, as an 
iucenfed and irrefiftible adverfary, and be as a roaring 
lion to the honje of 'Judah. /, even 1, who am omni- 
potent, will tear, will deftroy them with a mighty 
hand ; and go away, fatiated with (laughter and ven- 
geance. / will take away both prince and people ; I 
will take away their very place and nation ; and none 
Jhall nave power to effect, or courage to attempt a 
rejcuc )-. If GOD do thus to perverie and incorrigi- 
ble Judah, why fhould we imagine that he xvill deal 
otherxviie xvith perverie and incorrigible England ? 

They are defcribod by a flood. Now therefore behold 
ihe LOR D brin^eth up upon them the waters of the river, 
Jirong and many, even the king of AJJyria and all his 
glory : and he fhall come up over all his channels, and 
r '0 over all his banks. And he fnall paj's thro 9 Judah; 
he fhall overflow and go over ; he fhall reach even to the 
neck, and the ft retching out of his wings fhall fill the 
trtadth of thy 'land, ^1 MM ANU EL\. Thc,king 


* Rom. i. 1 8. -j- Hof. v. 12, 14. If. viii. 7, 8. 

SER. I. O F D A N G" E R. -3 

of Aflyria and his army, determined to invade Judah, 
are fignified by the waters of the river, Theie the 
LORD bringeth up; over-ruling the purpofes of am- 
bitious princes, and making even their wicked defigns 
fubfcrvient to liis hc : y will. They are, like the wa- 
ters of an immenfe flood, ftrong and many ; their mul- 
titude innumerable, and their force unconquerable. 
For they (hall come with all their glory ; with their 
choicefl troops, their ableft commanders, and their 
whole warlike artillery. He /hall corns up over all his 
channels, and go over all his banks : from all parts of 
his vaft dominion, his troops (hall be afTembled ; each 
province (hall be drained of its braved inhabitants ; 
and all unite to render this expedition one of the molt 
formidable that ever was undertaken. He fhall paff 
through} Judah; not only make inroads upon the fron- 
tiers, but pufli his way through the country, and pe- 
netrate the very heart of the kingdom. He (hall over- 
flow ; fpread terror and defolation on every fide, and 
in every quarter. He jliall go over villages, towns, 
cities, tribes ; and bear down all before him. He 
jhall reach even to the neck ; his ravages (hall extend 
even to the royal city, to the very gates of the me- 
tropolis ; threatening deftruclion to the palace of the 
king, and the walls of the temple. Ylte fi fetching out 
of his -wings, the ieveral detachments and parties of 
his victorious army, fliall fill the breadth of the land 
with havock, (laughter, and ruin ; evdn of thy land\ 
O I MM AN U EL. Their relation ti> thce (hsli 
procure no favour, mail afford no protection. They 
have dilhonoured that goodly name wherewith they 
were called. Therefore that goodly name (hall no 
longer (land in the breach, but pour itlelf with the 

torrent, and render it irreiiftible. Such an inunda* 

tion of judgments, fo terrible, io deft ruclivc^ have not 
we deferred, may not we expect ? 

Thcie judgments are compared to fire, and to the 
fkiccfl of fires, that which glow : " i ftt-nxcc, " The 

" houfc 

24 T H E T I M E SER.!, 

" houfe of Ifrael is to me become drofs, ail they arc 
41 brais, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midft of 
*' the furnace ; they are even the drofs of lilver. 
" Therefore thus faith the LOUD GOD, becaufe ye 
** are all become drofs, behold, therefore I will ga- 
" ther you into the midft of Jcrufalcm. As they ga- 
*' thcr brnfs, and iron, and tin, and lead into the midll 
41 of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt it ; 
** fo will I gather you, in mine anger, and in my fu- 
u ry ; and 1 will leave you there and melt you. Yea, 
11 I will gather you, and blow upon you in the fire of 
" my wrath, ami ye (hali be melted in the midft thcre- 
" of*." Aftonifhing words-! And they are doubled ! 
y are redoubled ! in order to alarm the infenfible 
fnmers : as the fword, by being brandifhed in many a 
dreadful circle, over the criminal's head, ftrikes terror 
into his cipprehenfions, before it does the work of ven- 
geance on his heart. This generation is become brafs, 
impudent in their wickednefs. They have a whore's 
forehead ; they cannot blufh at their iniquities, but 
glory in their (hame. They are tin; a degenerate race, 
children that are corrupters. They have forfaken the 
good old way, and fwervcd from the example of their 
fathers. With regard to hardnefs of heart, they are 
as iron; impenitent amiclii all their guilt ; obdinately 
tenacious of their vices ; and not to be wrought up- 
on by any addrefTes, not to be reclaimed by any ex- 
pedients. In another refpcft, they are as lead; itupid 
and fottifh ; pliable to evil, but for any good purpofe 
unmeet, to every good work reprobate. Becaufe they 
are fo exceedingly fmful, they (ball be overtaken by 
G O D's anger, and furrounded by his fury ; as me- 
tals caft into the inidjt of a furnace, are furrounded 
with the raging heat. The flame of this wrath (hall 
be blown, as with a vehement wind, to its utmoit 
height. In this furnace they (hall be left, to this 
wrath they-fhall be abandoned; till, by a complication 

*' Ezc-k. xxii. 1 8, 19, 20, ax. 


of afflictions, refembling the complication of their 
vices, they are overcome^ fubdued, and cvcn f nteltc?df 
fo melted, as to be either purged from the drofs of 
their iniquities, or elie blended together in one pro- 
miicuous ruin, 

Theie judgments are defcribed by the terrible repre- 
fcntation of an end. An end of aifluence and proipe- 
rity, of which \ve have gloried : an end of power 
and ftrength, in which we have trufled : an end of 
all national blelfings^ which we have not improved to> 
GOD's honour, but turned into licentioufnefs. 1 hur 
laith the LORD GOD, An end, the end is come upon, 
the four corners of the land. The j word is without, and 
the pejlilence and the famine within : he that is in thefield^ 
jhatl die with the Jword; and he that is in the city^ 
pejlilence and famine /hall devour him *. For this we 
have been ripening, by an unintermitted cotirfe of 
ungodlinefs and iniquity. And what can be expected 
by an impenitent people, hating to be reformed ? 
What, but that judgments, which have long been 
iafpended, fliould at lad be inflicted ? An end is come: 
/'/ is come upon the land. It is a national vifitation ; 
not confined to a part, but extending to the whole 
kingdom. Upon the four corners of the land. No place 
fiiall be exempt ; nothing fecure : neither that which 
ieems to be mod fecret, nor that which lies hioft re- 
mote. The vengeance is univerfal and inevitable. - 
The executioners of this vengeance take their (land, 
within and without, at home and abroad ; fo that to> 
'iy from one is only to fall into the hands of another* 
He that is in the field (hall find no way to efcape, but 
Jhall die with the Jword. He that is in the city lhall ob- 
tain no protection, but famine and pejlilence fliall de+ 
.'our him. Every city mall be a charnel-houfe, and e- 
very field a field of blood. In city and country fin 
has prodigiouily abounded ; therefore in city and 

* Ezek. vii. 2, 15. 

VOL. V. N*ai. D 


country devolution fliall be made, deaths fhall be mul- 
tiplied, miferifs lliall al>ound. 

Thcic are fomc of the images, by which the judg- 
ments and the wrath of GOD are repreiented in the 
fcriptures. But when all images arc uied, when fancy 
ill elf is rxhauUed, we may truly cry out with the Pfal- 
miit, f-P/io knoiaeth the power of thine anger* f If GOD 
whet his glittering I'word, and his hand take hold on 
judgment, what can withftand it, or who can iintain 
it ? If his wrath be kindled, yea but a little, it fliall 
conjume t/ie earth -with h;r increafe ; it fliall jet on fire 
f/ie foundation of the mountains, and burn to the low- 
eft hell |. 

When the lion has roared, fays the prophet, "who "will 
not fear ? When the moil high GOD has fpoken ; 
fpoken fuch terrible things in righteoufnefs ; who will 
not lay them to heart ? O ! how deep is that deep ; 
how deadly is that lethargy, which the voice of him 
who fhakes the heavens does neither alarm nor awe ! 

Left you fliould begin to fay within yourfelves, 
Thefe threatenings are applicable only to the Jews, I 
proceed to (hew, 

3. The certain execution of thefc, or fome fuch 
judgments on us, u'nlefs we fly to the appointed re- 

GOD is an infinite fpeaker. In his word, he ad - 
dreffcs himfelf to all generations of men, and to e- 
very individual of the human kind, where his holy 
revelation is made, k is therefore a certain rule, that 
when any people, enlightened by the glorious gofpel, 
become, like J^ruialem, univerlally and incorrigibly 
corrupt ; they do, in Jerufalem's doom, read their 
ow n . 

GOD is the fame yefterday, to-day, and for ever. 
He remembereth his threatenings, as well as his pro- 
miles, to a thoufanci generations. Whatibever, of ei- 

* ~Pfal, c. it. -\ Deu:. xnxii. 22. 

SE i I. OF DANGER. 27 

ther kind, happened to our forefathers) happened to 
them as enj ample s to us. And whatjoever "was written 
aforetime, was -written for our learning. Obferve, it 
was written, not for our amufement, but for Our 
learning and admonition * ; that we may, as in a mir- 
ror, fee our own picture ; and, as from an oracle, 
learn our own deftiny. 

Is it not in a manner necciTary, for the manifestation 
of G O D's inflexible juftice, and his unalterable ha- 
tred of' (in, that judgments mould take their couffe ; 
when iniquity rears its head, and refufcs to be con- 
trolled ? At liich a juncture does not every one of the 
divine attributes cry aloud, LORD GOD, to who/a 
vengeance -belongeth ; thoit GOD, to "whom vengeance 
belongeth, /hew thyfelf. And how can the j;iitice :>f 
GOD, with regard to a wicked nation, be fliewn, but 
by executing his vengeance upon them, in temporal 
calamities : 

Confidcr, Sirs, the very effence of nations and poli- 
tical communities is temporal, purely temporal. They 
have no duration, no exiftence, but in this world. 
Hereafter iinners will be judged and punifhcd fingly, 
and in a peribnal capacity only. How then ihall He, 
who it ruler among the nations, maintain the dignity of 
his government over the kingdoms of the earth, but 
l>y inflicting national fjuniihments, for national provo- 
cations; and, for final impenitence, total destruction ? 

Belides, has not the LORD always acted in this 
manner ? Go hack to the generations of old. Con- 
template Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about 
them ; well watered every where, even as 1 the garden 
of the LOUD. Yet this fruitful land is made barren > 
thole populous cities are turned into zftics^fortheiuick- 
ednejs of them t/i.'it dwelt therein |; for their pride and 
idlencfs ; for their voluptuous and wanton indulpen 
cies. For -which things Jake the lur&h of GOD 


* i Cor. x. it. -j- Pfa). cvii, ^ 

D 2 

9 8 T H E T I M E SER. I, 

only has come, in former ages, and in diftant nations ; 
but in every age cometh, and in every nation will 
come upon the children of dij obedience *. 

Pafs over to Babylon, the grandeft city that the 
fun ever beheld ; which fet calamity at defiance, lay- 
ing in her heart, / fliall be a lady for ever \. How is 
(he fallen ! Jwept with the bffom of deftruttion \l Not 
ib much as a trace or footflep of her ancient glory 
left ! And fhall we be fafe, when thofe very iniquities 
prevail among us, which razed the foundations of the 
Babylonian metropolis, and overthrew the magnifi- 
cence of the Babylonian monarchy ? 

Take a view of Conftantinople, once the moft flou- 
rifhing ChrifUan city in the world ; where the firft 
ChriiHan emperor filled the throne, and Chryfoftom, 
that great Chriftian orator, the pulpit. Then it wasglo- 
rioufly enlightened with the knowledge of JESUS 
CHRIS T. Grace and truth dwelt in it ; and the 
beauties of holinefs adorned it. But now the candle- 
flick is removed. It is now given up to infidelity and 
barbarity ; is now f ull of darknefs, and cruel habitations. 

Come hither then, ye carcleis ones, and fee what 
defolations fin has made in the earth. On account of 
fin Sodom was coniumed, as in a moment ; Babylon 
is totally deftroyed j| j Conftantinople has loft her glo- 

* Col. iii. 6. ^ If. xlvii. 7. :p If. xiv. 23. 

|| Will any, raifed in their o\vn conceit above the vulgar le- 
vel, neglect thefe admonitions with a finile pf difdain ? Becaufe 
they can aflign the ffcond cavfis of fome fuch evils, as have 
been defcribed, will they therefore qniet their fpirits, amidd 
the alarming profpecl of judgments from heaven ? They have 
heard (I make no doubt) that a midnight-debauch in Babylon, 
nnd a popular iedition in Jernfalem, left the gates of the for- 
mer open to Cyrus, and the walls of the latter without defence 
to Vefpafian. Perhaps they will fuppofe, that thr overthrow 
of Sodom was occafioned by the fhock of an earthquake; and 
that the fire from heaven was produced by fulphureous exha- 



ry. And will the LORD, the LORD GOD, who 

is unchangeably juft and holy ; will he fpare that in 
one people which he has fo feverely corrected in ano- 
ther ? He that chajlifeth the Heathen, /hall not he pit- 
nifli us, when we do according to all their abomi- 
nations ? 

Have we a licence to .fin with impunity ? are our fins 
lefs hainous than thole of other people ? quite the re- 
verfe. Confidering the many bleflings which we en- 
joy as a nation ; the many deliverances we have enjoy- 
ed as a Proteftant nation ; the numberlels advantages 
for religious knowledge and religious practice, which 
we both have enjoyed, and do enjoy above ail the na- 
tions on earth; confidering thele circumflances, our 
wickedneis is highly aggravated ; it is become exceed- 
ing (inful ; it overpafjes the deeds * of the moll aban- 
doned Heathens. What then can prevent our ruin? 

Will you reply, ** We faft, and humble ourfelves 

u before 

Be the premiffes ever fo certain, is there any thing rational 
jn the conclusion ? Is not what we term the co^urfe of nature, 
the incefiant adminiftration of providence? are not many of 
its ordinary appearances very evident indications of a righ- 
teous and holy government, unalterably determined to punifh 
fin ? The poverty and ignominy of the lazy vagabond ; the 
liifeafes of the debauchee, and the diflreffes ot thefpendthrift; 
are thele lefs nianifefi figns of divine difpleaiure, becaufe they 
are the immediate effeds of an evil conclude ? are they not as 
certainly \.^Q judicial^ the penal, as they are th-e natural con- 
fequcnces of vice ? 

Let thofe therefore who fear no judgments, compare caufes 
and events. If felfifiinels, avarice, and venality; if indolence, 
luxury, and prodigality; if youth without principles, tradef- 
men without honeity, and nobles without honour ; if thefe arc 
allowed to be either provoking immoralities or fatal iymp- 
toms, I fear the ruin of England cannot be far off. GOD 
Almighty grant we minifters may not accelerate the fall of 
our country, by neglecting to warn every man, and exhort 
every man, to the great evangelical duty of BELIEVING; 
in order to promote national reformation, and to efcape na- 
uqnal deftru&ion. * Jer. v. 28. 

5 o T H E T I M E SER.I. 

4 - before the LORD ?" I afk, Do we fa ft from fin ? 
arc our fail-days the beginning of a gofpel- re forma- 
tion ? When we abftain from our daily bread, do we 
turn by faith to JESUS CHRIST ; that eating his 

./, \(>e may live thro* him * f 

Jive in hoiinels here, and live in glory hereafter, by 
applying his immaculate righteoufnefs to our fouls. 
If this is the cafe, we may entertain reviving hopes. 
The fcripture fpeaks eood words, and comfortable 
words, to iiich people ; be their condition ever fo vile, 
or their guilt ever fo great. But alas 1 are we not 
jult the fame peribns the day after our fait as we were 
before? as v-^n in our converfation, and as forgetful 
of G OD ? as fond of folly, and as negligent of di- 
vine grace ? as mad upon our idols, of carnal gratifi- 
cation ; and worldly gain ? if fo, our falls are not aa 
acceptable, no, nor a reasonable fcrvice ; but a mere 
mockery of the omnifcient Majefty. May he not juft- 
ly ufethat upbraiding expoflulation ? Will ye Jleal, and 
commit adult ry, and Jwear faljely, and walk after other 
gods^ ferving, not the LOUD JEHOVAH, but divers 
Jails and pleafures ; and then, with hypocritical devo- 
tion, Jland before me in this houje^ which is called by 



Perhaps you are ready to alledge, ct Our alms will 
a deliver is. The fon of Sirach exhorts us, to fnut 
up alms in our flore -houfes ; and affures us, that they 
fliall fight for us agathft our enemies, better than a 
mighty Ji.itld' and JtroKg (pear\. And when was 
there a greater flow of beneficence obfervable in 
our own, or in any land ? What fums have been 
<4 given to the poor during this fcvere ieaibn of cold 
44 and icarcity ! wiirt hofpitals of various forts, and 
44 otlicr charitable foundations, have been let on foor, 
44 and are fupported through the kingdom !" Let us 
beware, brethren, left thofe very things, which we 
look upon as our recommendation, (liould prove an of- 


* John vi. 57. 4- Jer. vii. 9. ic. Ecchis. xxix. t2, 13, 

SER.I. OF DA N G E R. 31 

fence. If our alms proceed not from faith in JESUS 
CHRIST, and an unfeigned zeal for the glory of GOD; 
if they are not accompanied with a Ipirit of love to 
his name, and with a courfe of obedience to hi;-, 
commands; hear what the LORD himfelf lays 
concerning ilich works ; fee what a figure they make 
in his light ; and then judge, whether they are likely 
to be a fecurity to our land. " 1 hate, I defpife your 
" feaft-days, and I will not fmell in your ibiemn ai'- 
Cl feniblies. Tho'ye offer me burnt-offerings, and your 
" meat-offerings, I will not accept them ; neither will I 
u regard the peace-oiferings of your fat beafh. Take 
" thou away from me the noife of thy longs ; for I 
u will' not hear the melody of thy viols." Hymns of 
praife,you fee, are no other than a noife in the LORD's 
car ; the moil coflly lervices of religion are no better 
than zfrnoke in his noftrils ; unlefs judgment, and the 
love of GOD, run down as a river ; tvnlels righteouf- 
nefs, and the faith of CHRIST, abound as a mighty 
fir earn *. 

Do you dill conceit yourlelves, that, becaufc there 
are many righteous peribns remaining, they will (tanci 
inthc gap ; they will turn away the a^ngerof the LORD, 
and be as the chariots of Urael, and the horiemen of 
Ilrael, to our endangered itate \ Here what a charge 
thefupreme JEHOVAH gave to his prophet, when 
the provocations of Ifrael wcr? rii'en to a very high 
pitch : Pray not thou for this people, neither lift up cry 
nor prayer for them, ;;. it her ;nak s intertieffivn to me : for 
I "Mill not hear thee^'. Amazing" and awful prohibi- 
tion ! Yet it is repeated again and again;. God's pro- 
tefling people may, by their exceliive wickcdnefs, be- 
come fo infufterably loathfomc, that were the greateffc 
iaints to make iupplication in their behalf, they fhould 
not prevail. Though Noah, Daniel, and Job, men 
mighty in prayer, and zealous for the welfare of their 
neighbours ; though thcfe three men (who had each, 


* Amos v. 21, 22, 23, 24, -f J er * Vil - J ^' 

^ Jer. xi. 14. & xiv. n. 

gs T II E T I M E S R. i. 

by his fingle interceflion, procured blcilings from hea- 
ven) \\vrc- uniting their petitions \n the midJt of this 
profligate generation ; (is I //i'<f, faith the LORD 
G D, thrv Iti'ill deliver neither Jons nor daughters ; 
they only /hall b>j delivered, but the land fh all be defolate * . 

The land /hall be dejoiatc. Doleful found ! difmal 
decree ! And has it not long ago been carried into ex- 
ecution ? Was not Jeruialem ploughed as a field, and 
trodden down by the Gentiles ? are not the inhabitants 
rooted out of their dwellings, and {battered to all the 
ends of the earth ? while their country is given up for 
a prey and for a poffcflion to Grangers, to infidels, to 

Perhaps you will fay, '* The Jews crucified the 
u LORD of glory, and rejected his gofpel : therefore 
41 wrath came upon them to the uttermcft." And are 
tuf innocent in this refpecl ? are not we verily, are not 
we greatly guilty concerning this thing ? Is CHRIST 
received into the hearts of men, with deep adoration 
of his perfon, as 1MMANUEL, GOD with us? do 
they glory and delight themfelves in his complete re- 
demption, as finifht'd by the great GOD and our SA- 
VIOUR ? do they confide in him alone for their jollifi- 
cation, as an infinite Surety, and as JEHOVAH our 
righteoufnefs : do they depend on him alone for their 
fariclification, as JESUS, who iaves his people from 
their fins, and fanclifies them through his blood .? do 
they count all things but dung, for the excellency of 
CHRIST, and his incomprehcnfible merit ? Alas ! 
is not his gofpel, though the light of the world, dff- 
regarded and defpiied ? is not his name, though a name 
above every name, derided and blafphemed ? are not 
the influences of his eternal S P I R I T, though the 
very life of our fouls, exploded and ridiculed ? They 
who would exalt the SAVIOUR, would make c- 
vcry fheaf bow down to the R E D E E M E P.'s re- 


* Eask. xi v. t4. 


prcfenting him as the Alpha and Omega, the begin- 
ning and the ending, in the faivation of finners ; thofe 
preachers, thofe writers, thofe believers, are treated 
as the foolifli people that dwell in Sichem *. 

What the Jews did through ignorance, we, who 
call ourfelves Chriftians, fcnglifhmen, Proteftants ; we 
do knowingly, wilfully, and of malicious wickednefs. 
And if we thus trample upon the blood which alone 
can fcreen us ; if we thus crucify afreih that JESUS 
who is our only hope ; what can we look for, but 
vengeance and fiery indignation ? If we ourfelves, with 
our own hands, demolifh the only barrier, what can 
enfue, but an inundation of wrath, tribulation, and 
anguifh ? 

Conlider thefe things, brethren. The LORD en- 
able you to difcern the figns of the times ! Then you 
will acknowledge, that we have reafon to be alarmed., 
to tremble, to be horribly afraid. Are not thefe ini- 
quities the Achans, that will affuredly bring diilrefs 
and trouble, if not deftruction, upon our country ? 
are not thefe iniquities the Jonahs, that will awaken 
the divine difpleaiure, and deliver up our veflel to the 
tempeft, if not to (hipwreck ? 

Is any one difpoicd to fay within himfclf, " Though 
<c others may be guilty of thefe flagrant iniquities, 
" yet am not I :" Remember, my friend, the pro- 
phfjt Ifaiah. He Was, at leaft, as free from thefe fla- 
grant iniquities as yourftlf. Yet he laments, and with 
painful apprehenfions, the guilt of his countrymen, 
as well as his own "f . Remember king Jofiah. Tho' 
a holy man and a juft, he rent his clothes, and trem- 
bled at GOD's word denouncing vengeance againft an 
irreligious people . 

Conlider alfo, whether you have not been an accef- 
fary, even where you was not the principal. Though 
you have not joined with the more profligate finners, 


* Ecclus. 1. 26. -j- If. vi. 5. % 2 Kings xxft. 12, i? r 
VOL. V. Nai. E 

$4 T H E T I M SEI.I. 

nor Tut in the feat of the fcornful ; yet have you not 
connived at their impiety ? Do their affronts offered 
to the King of heaven roufc you into a becoming zeal 
to vindicate his injured honour ? or, becaitfe iniquity 
has abounded, is not your love, and the love of many 
waxed cold * f Have not the difciplcs, even the dif- 
tiples of JESUS, been cowards and traitors ; while 
others have been profcflcd enemies and rebels ? 

Belides, have not you, have not I, have not all con- 
tributed, in many, many inftances, to {"well the fcore 
of national provocations ? Is not every fin a difobe- 
dience of GOD r s molt holy command ? is not every 
IMI a defiance of his uncontrollable authority ? is not 
every fin an imitation of the devil ? does it not create 
a kind of hel-1 in the heart ? muft it not therefore be 
inconceivcably odious to the holy, holy, holy LORD 
GOD of Sabaoth f If fo, how guilty are the very 
heft among us ? Is not this accurjed thing f found in- 
all- our tents ? Has not every one added to the load, 
that dreadful load, which is likely to fink the nation 
in ruin ? Should not every one, therefore, Imite up-* 
on his breaft, and fay, with the penitent, What have 
I done I and cry with the publican, GOD be merciful 
fo me a finncr ! 

Will you ftill flatter yourfelf? " All thefe judg- 
<c ments may be delayed : they may not come in my 
" time." I anfwer, If there be any truth in GOD's 
word ; if any conjecture is to be made from the ap- 
pearance of things ; thefe judgments are near ; they 
are at the door. They are like the axe in the execu- 
tioner's hand, which has been poifed, has received its 
3aft elevation, and is now falling on the criminal's 
week. Yet, if thefe (hould be vvith-held fora feafon, 
will not ficknefs come upon you ? are not many dif* 
afters lying in ambufti to icize you ? is not death 
Sharpening his arrow ; perhaps fitting it to the firing; 

* MciKh, xx iv, 12. -f Jofli, vi. ;8, 


or even aiming at your life ? Is not the day, the dread- 
ful day approaching, when the mout of the archan- 
gel and the trump of GOD will be heard ; when the 
dead fhall arife, and heaven and earth fiee away ? will 
not the LORD, the LORD GOD omnipotent 
quickly come, u with ten thouiands of his faints, to 
4C execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that 
" are ungodly, of all their ungodly deeds, which they 
" have ungodlily committed ; and of all their hard 
41 fpeeches, which ungodly tinners have fpoken a- 
" gainlt him * ?" 

Take then, my dear hearers, take the advice of the 
greateft of preachers, and the wifeft of men ; The pru- 
dent fore feet h the evil, and hideth himfslf \. Behold ! 
the rains are defcending, and the lioqd is coining ; 
haften like Noah, haft en to your ark. See ! the ikies 
are kindling all around, and the (hafts of vengeance 
are ready to fly. Make hafte, Oh ! make haite, and 
delay not the time, to get into a hiding-place. Let 
me found in your ears the angel's admonition ; and 
may the LORD of angels, may the Friend of tinners, 
convey it to your hearts ! EJcaye for your lives, left ye 
ie conjumed : left the judgments of GOD, and the 
wrath of GOD, more to be feared than a deluge of 
waters, more to be feared thrn a torrent of flames, 
iiirround you fuddenJy, ieizc you unavoidably, and 
overwhelm you in ruin, temporal and eternal. 

O that I might -prevail ! O that GQD would make 
ou fentible of your peril 1 O that man, woman, and 
child, would afk, " How (hail 1 fly from die wrath 
11 to come? where (hall 1 be fafe in the day of vifit^- 
:c lion ? Shew me the ark ! (hew me the refuge !" 
I mould then, with great fatisfa&ion, proceed to an- 
iwer this inquiry ; and point out CHRIST to your 
ibuls, as the only hiding- place, as thefure hiding-place, 
where you may certainly find fafety. But this muft 
be the bufmefs, the plealing bufmefs of my next dif-. 
courfc* H 2 Let 

* jude, ver. 14, 15. -f Prov. xxii. 3. 

35 T H E T I M E, &c. Sin. I. 

Let me bcfeech you, in the mean time, to lay thefe 
alarming truths to heart: let them imprefs your con- 
fciences ! let them penetrate your fouls ! And O thou 
gracious, thou almighty LORD GOD, do thou com- 
mand them to fink deep into all our minds : that we 
may, with Ezra thy pried, fit down aftiamed andajlo- 
ni/hed *, under a icnfe of our manifold iniquities : 
That we may, with thy fervant Job, abhor our/elves, 
and repent in duft and a/hes f : That we may, in the 
words, and with the compunction of thy prophet, 
every one cry out, Wo is me, for I am undone : be- 
caufe I am a man of unclean lips ; and I dwell in the 
mid/} of a people of unclean lips , 

* Ezra. ix. 3. f Job xlii. 6. ^ If. vi. 5, 



The Means of Safety. 

HEB. xi. 28. 

through faith he kept the pafjouer^ and the fprinkling 
of blood^ left he that deflroyed the firft-born y flwuld 
touch them. 

WE have been confidering the danger of our na- 
tion occaiioned, by the fin of its inhabitants, 
by the judgme nts of G OD, denounced againft inch 
finners, by the certain execution of his righteous 
threatenings, unlefs we fly to the appointed refuge. 
"When fuch is the ftate of a nation, it is high time for 
the watchmen on her walls to lift up their voice ; 
not indeed to fpread vain terrors, but to give notice 
of the- approaching evil ; to warn the unwary ; to call 
in the ftragglers ; and urge every one to retire into 
a place of fafety. 

Having, in the preceding difcourfe, attempted to 
difcharge this office ; I mail now, brethren, as in the 
prefence of the all- feeing GOD, afk, Have we been 
attentive to thefe things ; are we alarmed with a fenfe 
of our guilt and our peril ? have we, with the pro- 
phet Ifaiah, lamenterl our own, and the fins of our 
people ? If ib, we (hall highly prize, we fhall ardent- 
ly defire, the fame confolation, and trie fame relief, 
which the G O D of infinitely-free goodnefs vouch- 
fafed to his fervant. Then flciu one of the Jcraphinis 
Unto ?xcy having a Hue coal in his hand^ which he had 


$6 T H E M E A N S SEE. II. 

taken from off the altar, and lie I aid it upon my mouth *: 
au a!lion which rcprefents the very thing Signified in 
the text by thejprinkling of blood. 

The altar typified CHRIST; who is both the fa- 
crifice makes the atonement, and the altar that 
fandifies the gift.' The live coal ieems to betoken the 
word of grace, and the word of life ; which brings 
the glad tidings of the go i pel, and tcftifies of the 
bleeding JESUS. Laying this upon the mouth, very 
Significantly denotes the application of CHRIST and 
his great atonement. When this is done, under the 
influence of the S 1 J I R 1 T, and by means of faith, 
then iniquity is taken away, and fin purged; taken a- 
way from the fight of GOD, and purged from the 
Dinner's conference. Guilt is abolithed ; fear ceaies. 
jBut this leads us to our iecond particular, 

II. The method of fecurity from danger, effected 
by keeping the pajjbver, andjprinkling the blood. 

Mofes was apprised of a dreadful vengeance to be 
infiicled on Egypt ; the moft dreadful that ever was 
known iince the beginning of their nation ; ib dread- 
ful, that it would make every ear tingle, and eVery 
heart bleed. The deftroying angel was to pafs thro" 
all the territories of Pharaoh, and fmite every firit- 
born both of man and beaft ; ib that, before the morn- 
ing, there fliould be heaps of (lain in the cities, the 
villages, the fields ; not a houfe exempt, not a family 
ipared, not a herd, nor a flock, free from the fatal 

Mofes feared the blow. He feared, as the text in- 
timates, the leaft touch of the divine executioner's 
fword; knowing that it would ciufh. him and his peo- 
ple, as a moth is cruflied by the falling millftone. He 
is therefore greatly felicitous to provide for their wel- 
fare. But what expedient (hall he ufe ? Shall he give 
them orders to clofc their windows, and bar their 

d oci: ; 

* If. V!. 7. 

OER. fl. 6 F S A f T Y. 3$ 

doors ; to erect fortifications, and ftand upon their de- 
fence ? Alas ! before an invifible hand, armed vvitli 
the vengeance of heaven, all fuch precantions would 
have been as a fpark before the whirlwind. Shall he 
ailemble the warriors, or detach parties of foldiers tor 
patrole the ftreets. and guard the houfes ? Vanity of 
vanities ! the fword of the avenging angel wouM 
pierce through legions and legions of iuch guards, as 
lightening penetratesthe yieldingair. Shall the wholr 
congregation bend their knees, with folcmn confeflion 
of their fins, and fmcere relblutions of future amend- 
ment ? This, though abfolutely neceffary to be done, 
was extremely improper to be relied on. It would 
have been relying on a broken reed, and defpifmg the* 
ordinance of the HOLY ONE. 

The LORD hrmlelf appoints a method of prefer - 
vation. Moles is directed to Hay a larnb. Each fa- 
mily in Ifrael is to do the fame. Having received the 
blood into a bafon, they are to fprinkle it, not on the 
threihold, but on the lintel and fide -ports of their 
doors. This fhatl be a iign to the deftroying angeL 
Looking upon this fign, he will pafs over the houfe 5 
will ftrike no blow, and execute no vengeance, where- 
ever he fees the blood fprinkled. All this, in purfu- 
r.nce of the divine direction, being performed ; with 
faith and tranquillity, they wait the event. 

You will fay, perhaps, What is all this to us ? I an- 
iWer, It is a pattern for our imitation. Are we then 
to do the very fame thing : We are to do what their 
practice typified. The fhadoxv was theirs, the fub- 
itance is ours. The blood of the lamb typified the 
blood of CHRIST, who is the LAMB of GOD, (lain 
for the fins of the world. By Ihc blood of CHRIST' 
is frequently fignified in fcripture the iuholf * merit of 
his life and death, of his actions and lufferings, of his 


* Being jufllfied by his Mood, Rom. v. 9. That is, being 
pardoned, being made righteous, and heirs of sit Ipiritual blel- 

40 T II E M E A N S SER. II, 

trials and graces : which fatisficd GO D's juflice, and 
magnified GOD's law ; which made propitiation for 
iniquity, and brought in an everlafling righteoufncfs. 
Well does the apodle call it precious blood. Un- 
fj>e:ikably precious are its etiecls. It appeafes the 
\\iv.ih of GOD revealed from heaven, and makes 
peace between the offended CREATOR, and the 
oftVnding creature. Sprinkled on the confcience, it 
takes away all guilt, and iecures from all vengeance. 
This, therefore, my brethren, this blood is our fe- 
curity. This is to our fouls, what the blood of the 
pafchal lamb was to the liraelitifh families. The name 
of the LORD, the grace and goodnefs of G O D, 
manifeitcd in the death and obedience of CHRIST^ 
.; a jlrong tower : not only the righteous perfon, but 
the diftrefled creature, and the endangered (inner, 
runneth unto it arid is jcife *. 

Since this is a point of the utmoft importance, it 
cannot be too clearly difplayed, or too ftrongly efta- 
blifhed. For this purpofe, the icriptnre gives us feve- 
ral mod amiable and inftruclive views of CHRIST^ 
as our refuge and fafety. He is called ^hiding-place^. 
To a hiding-place people retreat, and arc iecure from 
their enemies, even from thofe crael enemies that feck 
their definition. Thus the prophets, whom Oba- 
diah hid by fifty in a cave, were iecure from Ahab's 
tyranny, and Jezebel's persecution. So the ibul that: 


iings. Thwliaj} redeemed us tz COD by thy blosd, Rev. vi. 9. 
That is, thou ha(t delivered us from all (in and all wrath ; 
thou hall reconciled us to the Almighty MAJESTY, and 
introduced us into h;s blifsfui preience. Thefe bleffings, a- 
fen bed to cur LOKD's blood, are confelFedly the fruit, not 
barely of his fuffcriu^s, but of his whole humiliation, obedi- 
ence, and death. Therefore, in a very valuable dictionary of 
the moil valuable words and phrafe3 T we have this explication 
of the blood of the LAMB ; ^ The facrifice ofCHRISJ's 
44 death, together with hi-, perfect righteoulhels and hohnefs 
' ;nv;uted." See \Vilfc u'd Cfcrill. Did. 

* iVcv, >.vi;i. 10. -f If. xxxii. 2. 


flies to CHRIST, that takes fan&uary under the 
blood of fprinkling, is iecure from the moft formi- 
dable of all enemies ; is fecure from all the wrath due 
to fin, and from every accufation which Satan can 
bring. To fuch a perfon (hall be fulfilled what is 
fpoken by the prophet Jeremiah ; ffhen the iniquity 
of Ijrael JJiall be Jought for, there /hall be none ; and 
the (ins of Judah, they /hall not be found *. 

CHRIST is ftyled a covert from the tempeft. d 
man, fays Ilaiah, that is, the GOD-man CHRIST 
JESUS, /liall be as an hiding-place from the wind, 
and a covert from the ten.peft |. When the thunders 
roar, and the lightnings fiafh ; when the clouds pour 
down water, and a horrid itorm comes on ; all that 
are in the open air retire under the branches of a 
thisk tree, or fly to fome other commodious melter. 
What ftorm can be fo dreadful as the righteous ven- 
geance of G O D, poured out upon a iinful nation ? 
What ftorm can be Ib dreadful as the eternal ven- 
geance of GOD, poured out upon a finful foul ? To 
both the fe we are expofed, to both theie we are juftly 
liable. But CHRIST'S blood and righteoufheis are 
a covert. Hither we may fly, and be fcreened ; hither 
we may fly, and be fafe : fafc as was Noah when he 
entered the ark ; and GOD's own hand clofed the 
door, and GOD's own eye guided its motions. For 
there is no condemnation of any kind, or from any quar- 
ter, to them that are in CHRIST JESUS J. 

CHRIST is compared to a ftrong-hold. Turn ye to 
the ftrong-hold, fays the prophet Zechariah |j. When 
iblcliers fly from a victorious army, being admitted 
into an impregnable caftle, they are beyond the reach 
of danger. They give their fears to the wind, and 
repofe themfelves in tranquillity. When finners fly- 
by faith to the dying JESUS, they alib, from thence- 
forth, are in a tower vffalvation . They may fay, 


' Jer. 1. 20. -f If. xxxji. 2. 

' Rom. viii. i. |j Zcch. ix. 12. 2 Sam. xxii. 51. 

VOL. V. N 21. F 

4* THE MEANS SER. itv 

each one for himfclf, u Soul, take thine eafe. All thy 
44 guilt is laid upon thy LOUD, anil puniihccl in thy 
44 Surety. The flaming fword of juilice is returned 
u to the llieath, having received full iutisfaclion from 
" the fufiVrings of CHRIS T. The curie of a vio- 
14 lated law is no more, having been executed to the 
44 ut m oft upon the pcribn of my REDEEMER. Nay, 
44 its curie is turned into a blefllng. For CHR 1ST 
4< has redeemed us from the cur ft of the lau'j that the 
lt blejjing of Abraham might come upon its Gentiles * : 
44 even the blcfling of perfect reconciliation, and cver- 
44 lifting fiiendimp, with GOD molt" 

This leads me to mention another beautiful compa- 
rifon, which reprtients CHRIST not only as the caufe 
of isfety, bui as the fource of coniblation. lie (hall 
be a s rivers of water in a dry place ^ and as the fliadow 
of a great rock in aweary land^. In a dry place, burnt 
up for want of moilture, nothing is fo dcfirable, no- 
thing fo refrefliing as water. To the poor iinful foul, 
of whofe condition the parched ground is a fit reiem- 
hlance, CHRIS T (hall be, not barely as the morn- 
ing-dew, not barely as the transient fhovver, but as a 
river ; yea, as rivers of water, that flow in copious and 
never- failing ftreams through the thirfty foil ; making 
even the fandy defert green with herbage, and gay 
with flowers. In a fuhry clime, where the fun pours 
infufferable heat, and all things Janguifh under the 
glaring rays, nothing is fo chearing to the labourer, 
nothing fo welcome to the traveller, as a cool and 
gloomy fliadc. A poor foul, aflaulted by the fiery 
darts of Satan, and di'treffed with the remembrance 
of former iniquities, is this fultry clime, or weary 
Lind. But CHRIST and his atonement are not 
barely as the boughs of an oak, which extend their 
coolnefs to a fmall distance ; not barely as the canopy 
of an alcove, through which much of the glowing 

' Gal. iii. 13, 14. If xxxi;. 2. 

:S>ER.II. O F S A F E T Y. 43 

influence penetrates ; but like the fliadow of a rock, a 
great rock ; which projects the friendly fhade over 
many a league ; which has repelled and excluded the 
fun, through all preceding ages ; and gives you, as k 
were " the cold of fnow amidft the heat of har- 
" vett *." 

Here then, brethren, is oar fecurity amidft all peril. 
The blood, the righteoufnefs, the infinitely glorious 
perfon of CHRIST ; theic are our hiding place theie 
are our covert theie are our ftrong-hold. And (blei- 
fed be GOD !) the doors Hand wide open : they are 
never (hut, night nor day. The accefs is free for any, 
free for all, free for the greateft iinnert. We are not 
only allowed, but we are invited ; nay, we are com- 
manded, to approach ; to enter ; to enjoy the pro- 
tection ; or, as the words of the text exprefs it, to 
Jprinkle the blood on our Jfouls. 

Sprinkle the blood-on our fouls ! You will probably 
fay, " What does this fignify ? What was done by 
tfc Moles, when he fprinkled the vHible blood, we eafi- 
" ly apprehend : but how c*in we fprinkle the blood 
" of CHRIST, which v/e never faw ? the blood of 
u CHRIST, whom the heavens have received I" 
This is one of thofe myfteries which the natural man 
nnderfUndeth not; he can form no notion of it ; it is 
fooliflmefs to his apprehenfion. Therefore, may the 
rternal S P I ii I T both teach us to underhand the 
clodtrine, and enable us to praAifc the duty ! 

To fprinkle the blood of CHRIST, is truly to be- 
ieve in CHRIST, in his infinite atonement and e- 
verlafting righteoufnefs: it is to receive thc-fc bleliings 
as GOD's free gift to men, to Tinners, to ourfelves 
in particular ; and, having received, to make conti- 
nual ufe of them in every time of trial, for every oc- 
cafion of need. 

Perhaps this doctrine may become clearer, if we i-1- 

* Prov. xxv. 13. 
F * 


ludratc it by an example. A remarkable example we 
have in the pra&ice of David. After the commiffion 
of his grievous crimes, he did, in a very eminent 
manner, fprinkle the blood. For he faid unto the 
LORD, T lion fault put ge mcivithhyffop, (theindrument 
of iprinklmg the typical blood,) and L /hall be clean; 
thou fault ruu/fi me in the fountain opened for fin and 
uncleanneis, and I jliall be whiter than J now *. This 
fountain he looked upon as opened for his fins ; and 
fully iufficient to cleanie him from all his filthineis ; 
ib that he Ihould be as free from fpot, before the righ- 
teous Judge, as the fnow on Salmon was free from 
{lain. Hid he faid within himfelf, " My crimes are 
11 too great for this blood to expiate ;" or, u This 
<l blood cannot be (lied for ib vile an offender as I 
*' am :" he would then have put the atonement far 
from him, together with all its expiating virtue. This 
would have been not to apply, but to throw away the 
blood ; not to fprinkle it upon the foul, but to pour 
it upon the ground. 

Come then, brethren ; come, fellow-fmners ; let 
us alfo, in this day of fear and danger, look unto 
CHRIS T, as dying that we may live ; as made fin, 
that we may be made the righteoufnefs of GOD in 
him ; as made a curie, that we may inherit eternal 
blefledneis. Let us look unto JESUS as taking our 
nature, and (landing in our (lead. Behold him ap- 
prehended as a thief; ignominiouily bound, and mark- 
ed with the lafhes of the icourge. Behold him crown- 
ed with thorns ; his hair clotted, his face difcoloured, 
his bread and (houlders all bedewed with his own mod 
innocent blood. Behold him nailed to the crois ; 
hanging in the mod racking podure, till all his bones 
are out of joint ; hanging amidd malefactors, forfaken 
of GOD, of angels and men. Behold him bowing 
his head in death, and dabbed to the heart with the 

* Pfal. li. 7. 

SER.H. O F S A F E T Y. 45 

executioner's fpear. Thus behold him, arid fay, 
" Verily, this fufferer was the S O N of G O D, and 
<{ the LORD of glory. Verily, thefe fufFerings were 
" the punifhment due to my fins. In all this extreme 
<c anguifh he bore my griefs, and carried my for rows. 
u He was opprefTed, and he was afflicted, becaufe I 
<c had done atnifs and done wickedly. He was cut 
u off out of the land of the living, that he might 
u make his foul an offering for my fins, and obtain 
<c eternal redemption for me." 

Thus behold the bleffed JESUS; thus, finners, 
behold the LORD your righteoufnefs ; with this look 
of application, with this appropriating faith. Be ve- 
rily perfuaded, that you fhall find mercy before a holy 
GOD ; not becaufe you have any worthinefs, but be- 
caufe CH R IS T has incomparable merit ; that you 
fhall never come into condemnation, not becaufe you 
have fafled and prayed, but becaufe CHRfSTis your 
great propitiation. Be perfuaded, that GOD, has gi- 
ven his SON for you ; that GOD gives his SON to 
you; and together with him eternal life. Be periiia- 
ded of all this, upon the bed of foundations, the in- 
fallible word of GOD; who has declared, that 
CH R 7S Tidied for the ungodly *,. and by his obe- 
dience finners are made righteous f ; that CHRIST 
was wounded on the crofs, and intercedes in heaven 
for tran/grf(/urs J; that he received fpiritual gifts, 
and divine bleffings, even for the rebellious || . The 
LORD GOD omnipotent, the author and finimer of 
faith, enable you thus to believe ! on the ground of 
his own moft fure word, thus to believe ! Then you 
keep the Chriftian paffover ; then you fprinkle the 
blood ofCHRIST; then you may boldly fay, Un- 
der his fhadow we /hall be jafe. Which reminds us of 
the third particular, namely, 

III. The 

* Rom. v. 6. f Rom. v. 19. 

JIf.liii.i2. jjPlaK Ixviii. 18. 

4* T II E M A N S SER, IL 

HI. The fticcefs of this method, denoted by the de- 
ftrdyer not fo much as touching them. Left he that dc- 
ftroyedthefirft-bornjliouldtouch them. What a beau- 
tiful antithefis ! The Egyptian firfr-born were wound- 
ed, were mortally wounded, were abfolutely deflroy- 
ci; the liraelites were not hurt, nor endangered, no, 
nor fo much as touched. So lure and complete a de- 
fence was this blood of fprinkling ! - Nothing' elie 
could have yielded any protection ; this afforded pcr~ 
fed lecurity. When this was fprinkled on their door- 
pofts, they had no caufe to be afraid for the terror by 
Might, nor for the arrow that ftieth by day ; for the pej- 
tilcnce that walketh in darkneft^ nor jor the dcftruc- 
tion that 'ivafteth at no on -day *. 

And is not the hiding-place, the covert, the flrong- 
liold, provided for us in the blood and righteouinefs 
of C H R I S T,' an equal fecurity ? do they not yield 
abfolute, perfecl, confummate fafety ? Nothing elie 
could adminifter the leaft hope to the chiefeft apoftle,; 
this opens an inviolable fanctuary even for the great eft 
of finners. None ever perimed who laid their help 
upon CHRIST, Hcfcwfj he laves to the uttermoft ; 
he faves not a few tfnly, but all all that come unto 
GOD through him "j~. Is our danger great ? Our fc- 
.curity is greater. Is our danger exceeding great f 
Our iecurity is incomparably greater. In fhort, our 
refuge and fecurity are the greatell that can be vvifliecl, 
that can be imagined, that GOD himfelf could pro- 
vide. Chearing, charming, ravifliing truth! Suffer 
?r,e to enlarge upon it, brethren. Let your attention 
hang on the glad tidings. May your hearts imbibe the 
precious dodlrine ! 

Had more than forty men bound the mf elves with an 
oath, that they would neither eat nor drink till they had 
J?illed\ fome one in this congregation ; the danger 
would be great, and the cafe flartling. Neverthelefs, 


* Pfal. xci. 5, 6. -j- Heb. vii. 25. % A&s xxiri. &, 

SER.H. O F S A F E T Y. tf 

the endangered perfon would think him fufficiently 
fafe, if he could fteal away, and hide himfclf in one 
of the deepeft caves of America, with a vaft trad of 
unknown land, and all the waters of the vafter ocean 
between himfclf and the ruffians. Much fafer will 
your fouls be under the hiding, cleanfmg, atoning 
efficacy of this blood of Iprinkling ; by which unrigh- 
teoufnefles are forgiven, lins are covered, and iniqui- 
ties done away, as though they had never been. 

Were you overtaken by a violent and impetuous 
ftorm ? If you fought fhelter under a covert that was 
firmer than boards of cedar, harder than (labs of mar- 
ble, thicker than the roofs of all the houfes in Europe;, 
you would reckon yourfelves fecure from torrents of 
rain, or from volleys of hail. Much more lecurewill 
you be from everJalting wrath ; lecure, even when 
the LORD fliall rain jnares, fire and brintftone, florin 
and tcmpeft * ; provided you are found under the co- 
vert of CHRIST'S magnificent and meritorious 
righteoufnefs ; by virtue of which, all that believe are 
jujlified I fay not from millions, or from thoufands 
of millions, but -from all offenfive, provoking, cri- 
minal things |. 

.Should you be purfued by a conquering foe, deter- 
mined to cut you in pieces \ If you turned into a 
cattle whofc walls were Wronger than brafs, ftronger 
than adamant, ftronger than all the rocks in the world ;, 
you might laugh at the attempts of your enemy ; you 
are guarded from the power and peril of the fworcU 
So, and abundantly more, are you guarded from e- 
very ipirttual enemy, and from every fpiritual evil, 
when you % to the ftrong-hold of CHRIST'* death 
and atonement. The (buls that abide in C H R IS T v 
they Jhall dwell on high} beyond the rage of the old 
ferpent, and the great dragon : tlisir place of defence 
jhall be the munitions of rocks {; againit which all the 

a {faults 

* Pfal. xi. 6. f As xiii. 39. \ If. xxxiii. 16* 

48 T H E M E A N S SEn.n. 

afTaults of earth and hell fliall never be able to prevail. 
They may lay, with the triumphant apoflle, How much 
more /hall we, who receive abundance ef 'grace, and of 
the gift of ri^hteoufntfs, be delivered from ruin, and 
reign in 'life 'by CH R 1 S T J E S US * / 

And will you not prize fuch a ftrong-hold ? fliall not 
Inch a covert be dear to your guilty fouls ? will you 
not fet an exceeding great value upon fuch an hiding- 
place ? efpecially when the florin is gathering and 
threatening all around ; when days of defolation and 
perplexity are coming upon the world, and judg- 
ments, inflicted by men, may tranfmit us to the 
everlafting judgment of GOD. How did Ifrael blefs 
and adore their moll merciful JEHOVAH, for 
granting them fuch an effectual means of prefervation, 
as the blood of the pafchal lamb ! and mall not we 
blefs and adore the fame mod gracious JEHOVAH, 
for granting us a means of prefervation altogether as 
effectual, and incomparably more wonderful ? 

If you ftiould fay, " How does it appear, that the 
" blood of CHRIST is fuch a fecurity ? fo great, fo 
" wonderful, fo matchlefs 1" Becaufe it is the blood 
of him who is J E H O V A H's fellow f ; of him who 
is GOD over all, hlejf'cd for ever \ ; of him in "whom 
dwells all the fullnejs of the GODHEAD bodily ||.~- 
Permit me, brethren, to clear up and eftablifli this 
dodhine j as it is adodlrine ofthelaft importance ; on 
which the very (Irength of our falvation is built ; and 
from which the fullnefs of our confolation flows. 

There are in CHRIST, in his one undivided per- 
fon, two diitincl: natures. One nature is eternal, infi- 
nite, almighty ; which is called by the apoftle, the form 
of GOD \. The other nature had a beginning; is 
limited as to extent, and limited as to power. This 
is termed by the apoMle, the feed of Abraham -t-i-. As 
GOD, he is iubjeft to no authority, and infinitely 


* Rom. v. 17. -j- Zcch. xiii. 7. \ Rom. 5x. 5. 

JS Col, ii. 9. 4. Phil. ii. 6. +fHeb. ii. 16. 

SEK. II. O F S A F E T Y. 49 

fuperior to all poffibility of fufFering. To become 
capable of obeying, fuffering, and dying, he humbled 
hinifelf, and was found in fafhion as a man : that by 
obeying, iliffering, and dying in human flefh, he might: 
triumph over fin and Satan, in that very nature which 
Satan had overcome, and fin had ruined : that, by ac- 
compliihing all this in the room and ftea.d of his peo- 
ple, he might bring many ions u* to glory; not with- 
out a full fatisfaclion to the rights of injured juilice, 
and to the demands of a violated law. 

JESUS CHRIST then, in his divine nature, is 
the moft high GOD. The heaven of heavens is the 
auguft palace, and royal reiidence, of this blcifed and 
only Potentate. Thouiand thoufands mimitei unto 
him, and ten thoufand times ten thoutand itand before 
him. The church militant rely on him ; the church tri- 
umphant adore him ; while all the holts of angels pay 
homage to him. JESUS CHRIST, in his divine na- 
ture, is the majeftic and adorable I AM; ielf- -exiftent 
and independent. All worlds and all beings are derived 
wholly from him, and depend continually upon him : he 
made the worlds , andupholdeth all thing* *. View the 
beauty, the magnificence, the harmony, obfervable in 
heaven, on earth, throughtheuniverie. All is intended, 
Jike the miracle wrought atCana of Galilee, Ivmanifcft 
his glory | ; to tell every one who has eyes to fee, and a 
heart to underftand, how great our SAVIOUR is, how 
fublime hismajefty, and how marvellous his perfeclion. 
All things, fays the SPIRIT of inspiration, were created 
by him, and/or him. Judge then, whether the obedi- 
ence and atonement ofjucha. REDEEMER are notfuf- 
ficient to fecure, perfectly to fecure any finner, every 
iinner, all finners, that fly by faith under his wings.. 
As perfectly fufficient they are for this blefled -ptirpole, 
as the unmeafurable circuit of the fkies is roomy e- 
nough for a lark to fly in, or as the immenfe orb of 
the fun is beamy' enough for a labourer to work by. 

* Heb. i. 2, 3. -j- John ii. n. ^ Col. i. 16. 

VOL. V. Nai. G 

jo i ti i. M E A N S R. if, 

Behold now the dignity and excellency of this blood, 
wlrch is your covert, your hiding-place, your ilrong- 
hoH. It has all the power and efficacy that every di- 
vine perfection can give it. It is the blood and righ- 
* ;.eih of him who is, incompreheniible, and 
rd above all blelJing and praiie. Surely then no- 
can bear any proportion to it. Guilt, all guilt, 
though ever lo execrable and horrid, compared with 
the grandeur and riches of this invaluable blood *, is 


* St Chryfo (lo ni's explanation of a verfe lately quoted is fo 

important in it J elf, and fo appolite to our purpole, exhibits 

fucii a magnificent and delightful difplay of the faivation -which 

is in CHlilST JESUS, that I prornife myfelf, the reader 

will alU<w me to prefeut him with a tranfUtion. Jfo\u much 

m'jtcjball they ii'ho receive abundance, of grace, and rf the rift 

of right ituf.iefs, reign in lift by en; CtlKl'ST JE 6' US - 

o-j* FIT ,: fwTu9a X;<f>v>, &c. " The apoltlc fays not, grace, buc 

u abundance of gract. For \ve receive, not barely what m;iy 

" fufficc to obtain our pardon, but incomparably more. We 

4t are delivered from all pnnifliment, and from every evil. Wr, 

4 are juiified. we are lanclified, made the children of GOD, 

1 and the brethren of his only begotten SON. We are 

1 conltituted heirs, joint-heirs with the PRINCE of hea- 

' ven. Yen, we become the members of his body ; moH iu- 

' timately and indiilolubly united to that divine head. 

" All thele privileges St Panlftyles the abundance of grace : 
4< intimating, that the antidote is not only qualified to counter- 
l< - ,ift and expel the poiibn, but is fovereign allo to eltabiilli 
4t health, to create beauty, to impart honour, and from the 
" moll malignant of all evils, to produce the moit di(hjlguifl)- 
" ed bUfltftgs: any one of which, feparately conlidered, would 
** have been fufHcient TO overcome and difarm death ; but, 
41 under their combined influence, it is abfolutely deltroycd, 
*' it vaniflies entirely away, and leaves not fo much as a trace 
u of mifchief, or a fhadow of terror. 

" Let us fuppofe fomc poor debtor owing a confiderable 
" fum, and for want of payment, caft iute pnlun. A gene- 
" rous friend, pitying his condition: difchargts the whole debt, 
" and relcafcs him from confinement: and nor this only, but be- 
" ft;>wi upo'.i h.m fplcndid apparel, with thoufands of filver and 
" gold ; introduces l.ini to court, and recoiurriendi him to the 

*' royal 

SER.II. OF S A F E T Y. jl 

as a pjtaw-worm before the fun. All manner of fins 
and blafphemies are blotted out by iiich an expiation, 
as the (hades of night are abolifhed by the light of day. 
Every ilnner waihed in this blood muft.b^ whiter ihau 
the unfullied wool, whiter than the virgin- ihows. E- 
vcry iinner clothed in this righteoufnefs, mult be un- 
blameablc and unreproveable, even before the eye of 
Omnifcience itfelf. 

For this,, therefore, blefs the LORD, O my foul ; 
and all that is within me, bleis his holy name. Blefs 
the LORD, O my brethren ; and let every thing 
that hath a being praife his unutterable grace. For /><?- 
h'lld! GOD is our falvation. GOD himlelf is made 
fiefli, and become our facrifice, our fin-offering, our 
juftifying righteoufnefs : therefore will we irujl. and 
not be afraid *; truft in this infinitely fufficicnt S A- 
V1OLJR ; and not be afraid of death or hell, of any 
enemy or any evil. But this leads me to apply the 
whole : which I fhall do by way of 

G 2 Examination, 

ii royal favour.; procures his advancement to the higheft ho- 
" Hours, and puts him in poiTeilion of the grandeft prefc-r- 
" inencs. Where now is the diigrace of his irnpnfonment ? 
41 and where are the diftrelTes of his infolvent ttare? 

kt Such is the cate with regnrd to us tinners, and our mod 
" gracious REDEEMER. He has paid inconceivably more 
t; than we either did or could poliibiy owe. Being GOD, the 
lt true GOD, the infinite and eternal GOD, his payment; 
*' exceeds our debt, as much as the waters of the great deep 
'exceed the! drop ot' a backet. Doubt iiur, therefore, 

* poor tinner, that flieft for refuge to this all-glorious S A- 
k VIOUR; daubt not but thy tins, though more virulent: 
' than all plagues, are done away ; and death, though he be 

the king of terrors, is aboliihed; this aboiiihed, and thole 
' done away, before f'ucb grace and m^r'.t; even as a fpork oi 

* w fire is exiinguiibed, when plunged into the abylles of the 
14 lea." For, indeed, compared with a divine prrfon, and an 
infinite righteoufnefs, whatever guilt you have contracted, 
whatever thing you car name, is, as our devout orator fp<-ak% 
pa/ic ai.?oc *c>f ft^uyn anipov, no more than a fcunty di op c 
.with th b:undlffs vaan. Vid. QiryfoJt. in loc. * I xii. 

52 T H E M E A N S SER.!!. 


T. By way of examination. Examineyouroivnfelvcs^ 
fays the apoltle *. Have you kept the pafTover ? have 
you fprinkled the blood ? Many, perhaps, will be 
ready to anfwer, u We have." But beware, my 
friends, leaft ye deceive your own fouls. Let me 
give you a touch- ftone, whereby you may try your 
fpirir, and pronounce aright concerning your (late. 

Have you been convinced of your great finfulnefs ? 
of your fin ful nature and your finful practice ? Have 
you been made fenfible, that hell, the deepen; hell, is 
your dcferved portion ? is what you deferve for any 
tranfgreflion, for every tranfgreffion ? how much 
more for the many thoufands, how much more for 
the many millions, how much more for the number- 
lefs multitude of your provocations? If you have ne- 
ver been convinced of thefe mofl alarming, but cer- 
tain truths : if you have never been touched with a 
fenfe of your extreme guilt, and undone ftate ; I fear, 
you are fettled upon your lees, you are in the dead 
ileepoffm. You are not fo much as awakened; 
much lefs have you applied CHRIST. 

Again, have you been made to ice, that nothing but 
CHRIST and his precious blood, nothing but 
CHRIST and his divine righteoufnefs can be your 
fecurity from vengeance ? Have you been convinced, 
that thoufands of rams, and ten tboufands of rivers 
of oil, could never expiate the leaft of your iniqui- 
ties ? that no tears, no confeffions, no amendnaent, 
nothing but the facrifice of the body of C H R I S T, 
can make your peace with GOD ? If you have not 
been taught .the abfolute infufficiency of every reme- 
dy, fave only the meritorious fufferings of J E S US 


* 2. Cor. xiii. 5. 


ST; you have not feen him, neither known 
him ; much lefs is his blood fprinkled upon your con- 

Once more, have you a fupreme, a matchlefs cjleem 
for CHRIST? Is CHRIST anci his great ialvation 
the thing that you long for ? is he to your fouls the 
pearl of great price ? do you account all things but 
Jofs, that you may win CHRIST, and be found in 
him ? If this is not the ftate of your foul, I dare not 
flatter you with vain hopes ; I muft not buoy you up 
with ungrounded imaginations. You are not, as yet, 
in your hiding place ; neither have you fled to your 
ftrong-hold. All the courfes of the divine law itand 
charged and pointed full againft you. You have no 
iecurity from being hurt by the firft death, nor from 
being irrecoverably ruined by the fecond death. If 
judgments mould come upon a finful and backfliding 
people, you have no defence; there is no wall of fire 
around you. You muft therefore expeft to fall a- 
mong thofe that fall ; and, falling by the fword, may 
immediately drop into hell. 

Can you hear this, and be unconcerned ? can you 
liften to this warning, more awful than the voice of 
ten thoufand thunders, and not (tart from your infen- 
libility ? are you not looking around, and ready to cry 
out, u What then mall I do to be fafe in the day of 
Li evil :" O ! that this inquiry came from the very 
bottom of your hearts. I mould then proceed, witii 
great chearfulnefs, to 

2. A word of direction. Fly to CHRIST, alarmed 
iinners. Come under the covert of his blood. Ap- 
propriate the blefled JESUS ; look upon him and his 
merit as your own. Thus fprinkle his blood: fprinklc 
it upon your lintel and door-pofts ; upon all you are, 
upon all you have, and all you do ; upon your con- 
fcicnces, that they may be purged ; upon your fouls, 
that they may be fanclified; upon your works, that 
they may be accepted. Say ? every one for himfelf, 


$4 I' n E M E A N S SER, II. 

" I am :i p;>or, guilty, he! pic Is creature ; bat'm JESUS 
lt CHRIST^ who is full of grace and truth, I have 
<' rightfoufncfs andftrength *. I am a poor, polluted, 
" loathiome creature : but JESUS CHRIST, who 
4t is the image of tbe invisible GOD, and the bright- 
* c nefs of his Father's glory, has loved me , and wa filed 
44 the from my filthinejs in his own i!ood\. I am by 
44 nature a perverfe deprived creature ; and, by evil 
" practice, a lolt damnable {inner; but J ESUS 
"CHRIST, who made the worlds; JESUS 
44 C H R. IS T whom heaven and earth adore ; even 
" JESUS CHRIST himielf came from the man- 
ct lions of hlifs, on purpofe to Jeek me, to fave me | ; 
44 to give himielf for me. And how can I pcrifli, who 
" have iuch a ranfom r how can I be undone, who 
44 have iuch a repairer of my breaches ? how can 1 
44 come into condemnation, who have the blood, not 
Jtc of ten thoufand facrtfices ; the merit, not often 
44 thoufand angels, but the blood and merit of J E- 
44 H O V A H himfelf, for my propitiation r" 

Should you fay, 44 Have I a warrant for fuch a 
" truil r" You have the beft of warrants, ourLOKD's 
exprefs permtffton : Ifhojvevcr will, let him take the 
ivatcr of life freely \ . It is not laid, this or that peribn 
only, but ivhofoever ; including you and me ; exclu- 
ding no individual man or woman. It is not faicl, 
whoibever is worthy, but whofoever is willing. Wilt 
than It made whole? was our LORD's ouefhon to the 


impotent man at the pool of Bethefda. //^/Y/ th'ji^ 
all terms and conditions apart, inherit grace and glo- 
ry ? is his moil: benevolent addreis to {infill men, in 
all ages. Let him take the water of life ; let him re- 
ceive ME and my righteoufnefs ; let him look upon 
all that I have done and fuffered, as done and luffcreil 
tf or his redemption. This will adminifler peace of con- 


* If. xlv. 24. r Rev. i. 5. \ Matth. xviii. u, 

jj Rev, xxii. 17. 

SZTL.II. OF S A F E T Y. 55- 

fcience, and joy in the HOLY GHOST: this will 
produce love of GOD, and alacrity of obedience ; 
in which things the true life of the foul confifts. All 
thefe bleflings are to be received freely, without mo- 
ney, and without price : that is, without any good 
works, any good qualities, or any preparatory requi- 
lites whatever: to be received, as the infinitely-rich 
gift of divine grace, vouchiafed even to the loft the 
guilty the undone. 

You have our LORD'S moft generous invitation; 
Come unto ME. And whom does he call : The righ- 
teous ? No. The excellent ? Quite the reverie. He 
calls finners ; miferable fmners ; even the mod mifer- 
able of iinners ; thole who are weary and heavy ladcn' r 
overwhelmed with iniquities ; bowed down to the 
very brink of hell, and ready to think, " There is no 
u hope for them." Yet them he encourages ; thera 
he invites ; to them he declares, I ivill give you reft* ; 
.v.?(t in the enjoyment of peace with GOD, and peace 
in your own coniciences. Obfervc -and admire the 
riches of your REDEEMER'S grace. He fays not. 
Ye are vile wretches ; polluted by fin, and cnflavcd to 
the devil ; therefore keep at a diftancc ; but, tlicrefore 
'o;;ic. Come, and be cleanfed by my blood ; come^ 
and be made free by my SPIRIT. He lays not, 
Furnifh yourfelvcs with this, or that, or the other re- 
commending accomplimment, but only come : come 
jurt as you are ; poor, undone, guilty creatures. Yea, 
come to ME for pardon and recovery ; to ME, who 
have given my life, myiirlf, my all, for your ranfom. 

Should you Mill queltion, whether thele ineftimable 
blellings are free for you ? Remember, brethren, they 
are free forjinncrs. Js this y< ;ir character f Then 
they are as free for your acceptance, as for any perfon's 
iu the world. To us eternal life is given \\ not us 
who had defervcd it by our goo:lncfs, but us who- 


* Matth. xi. 28. -j- i John v. n 


had forfeited it by our fins. To yon is preached the 
forgivencfs of fins * ; not you whofe tranfgreifions 
were inconfiderahle, but you whofe iniquities were 
more in number thin the hairs of your head. Even 
to you, who are the Jolt and perifhing tinners of A- 
dam's family, // the word of this jalv at ion lent \. And, 
by a commillion from GO D, we publifli it ; that, as 
fmners, you may receive it ; that, receiving it, you 
may commence believers ; "and believing, may have 
life through, liis nuntt \. 

Some, perhaps, will be inclined to debate ; " Is 
" this Ib extraordinary a matter ? will this exercife of 
" believing do luch great things for us, or put us in 
44 poflelh'on of luch lingular blelfings : Moles might 
have formed the fame fcruple with regard to the 
fprinkling of blood. Will this feemingly infignificant 
circumftance be fuch an extraordinary fafcguard to us ? 
will this preferve us from the impending blow, more 
effectually than the labours of the engineer, or the 
fhield and fpear of the warrior ? But Mofes confulted 
not with flelh and blood; Moles rejected all fuch carnal 
reafonings. By faith he and his people kept the paff- 
over, and were made partakers of the temporal falva- 
tion. By faith may you and 1 receive CHRIST! So 
ihall we be partakers of pardon and eternal falvation. 
By believing the promife of GOD, and by trufting 
in the perfon of CHRIST, we are united to the 
LORD J E S US || ; fo as to have a real intereft in 
his blood and righteoufnefs. Beingunited to CHRIST, 
our fins are done away, by virtue of his infinitely- 
precious atonement ; and eternal life becomes ours, 
on account of his everlafting righteoufnefs. Whoever 
thus believes, believes merely as a finner, not upon 
the fuppofition of any goodnefs in himfelf, but upon 
the ible warrant of G O D's promife, in the infallible 


* Afts xiii. 28. -f Acls xiii. 26. 

-J John x-x. >i. !( Ep'h.iii. 17. 


word of the gofpel* Such a perfon (hall not be afliamed 
of his belief ; (hall never be diiappointed of his hope ; 
according to his fait /i fhall it be unto him '*; 

Come then, fellow-fmners ; believe the record of 
heaven. Set to your feal, that GOD is true. Honour 
his word, which cannot lie ; honour his grace, which 
is abfolurely free ; honour his dear S O N, who has 
obtained eternal redemption for fuch unworthy crea- 
tures as you and I. What (hall hinder you ? But 
this leads me to, 

3. A word of exhortation. I fay then, what fliall 
hinder you ? what (hall vvith-hold you a (ingle moment^ 
from believing ? fines all things are ready -j- in CHRIST 
JESUS, The great propitiation is made by him ; the 
perfect obedience is performed by him ; all the condi- 
tions of the new covenant are fulfilled by him. Come 
then, and partake of the heavenly bleflings , as you 
partake of a marriage- feaft, when the entertainment 
is all prepared, and the bridegroom bids you welcome, 

Fain would I prevail in this mo(t important addrefs* 
L O K D, make bare thy arm ; incline their hearts ; 
make them -willing in the day of thy power \ My dear 
friends, if you turn away from fuch invitations, you 
are ruined to eternity : m if cry awaits you here, and 
damnation hereafter. Suffer me then to be importu- 
nate. Refute not him that calleth you by my mouth ; 
that bids you truft and not be afraid ; that offereth 
himfel^ with all his fulnefs, to you. Why are you 
backward ? why (low of heart to believe ? why do 
you (land at a diftancc from the all-gracious JESUS ? 

Is it becaufcyou are guilty wretches ? Then he pu- 
blifhes the aft of indemnity to you : /, even /, am he 
that blotteth out your tranJ'weJJionS) for mine oiunfakc ||* 
Is it becauie you are polluted crcrturcs; loathlbme 
in your own eyes, and much more loathibjne in the 


Match, ix. 29. f Matth. xxii ,4. \ Pial. ex, 3. {| If. xlih. 25. 
VOL, V. N 21. H 

5 8 T H F. M E A N S SER. H. 

rye of infinite purity : Then hear the word of the 
HOLY ONE : / w ill fpriii \le clean wnttr upon you, 
and vc Jhall bs clean, From all your Jilt [ //hit/ *'.\ , and from 
all your idols luill 1 citan/e you *. Is it becauie your 
iins are mure numerous, and more hainous than the 
lins of others f Be they ever ib liainous, or ever ib 
aggravated, thus faith the ( j O D of immenfdy rich 
grace in CHRIST; Tlioughyour fmt be as /car let, they 
;hall be as white as (now ; though they be red like criin- 
/'<;, t/icy f/iall be as wool |. 

Arc you Rill objecting, " I am weak ; I have no 
" ftrt-n^th ; I cannot believe?" Look then to a pro- 
rniting GOD, that he may help your unbelief; that he 
may fulfil in you all the good pleature of his will, and 
the work of faith with power. For he who is truth 
iti'elf hath laid, Tour GOD will come and favc you* 
'f/ienf/iall the eyes of the blind be opened, arid the cars 
of the deaf Jhall be unftopped : the lame man jhall leap 
as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb /hall fing \. 
Has the LORD given you a deiire to believe in his 
dear SON ? doubt not but he will alib give you the 
power. Does GOD the LORD bring to the birth, and 
not giv^- ftrength to bring forth ? That be far froiti 
him. ! the iufpicion be far from us 1 He has, in un- 
ipeakable mercy, appointed his blefled SPIRIT for 
tliis purpoie. The HOLY GHOST, the Comforter, 
attencleth continually on this very thing; to teflify of 
CHRIST, and to reveal CHRIST in our finful fouls ; 
enabling us to difcern the all-iliittciency of CHRIST, 
to difcern our right to make ufe of CHRIST, and to 
receive CHRIST as our own our Q-WH GOD and 

Be it then your daily endeavour, your continual 
bulineis, ^o believe ; firmly, confidently, aflbredly to 
believe in JESUS C II R I S T, as the great and 
glorioits REDEEMER, in whom you have pardon, you 


' Ezek. jixxvi. 25. -f- If. i. 18. ^ If, xxxv. 4, 5, 6, 


have righteoufnefi, and eternal life. Thus exercii'e 
yourfelves unto godlinefs, and GOD -will help you : 
GOD will ftren^theri you; yea, GOD will uphold yon 
with the rii*ht hand of his riohteon/nefs . Thus exer- 
cile yourielves unto godiinels, .depending on the diviner 
faithfulnefs, proceeding upon the divine warrant, in 
obedience to the divine command, which exprefsly 
lays, Believe in the LORD your GOD, Jo fliall ye be 
e/tablijhed: believe his prophets, jo /Jiail ye prof per* : ' 
believe in fits dear SON, {b fnall ye be f avert ^. 

Pharaoh laid to Joieph, Now thou art commanded, 
this do \. Let me alio lay to my hearers, Now ye are 
.allowed, invited, commanded, to believe in the SON 
of GOD, this do. 'Tii> your grand concern ; the one 
thing needful. Without this, nothing will profit you.. 
Therefore 1 repeat my exhortation ; therefore I am Ib 
urgent ; therefore 1 cannot diimifs the fubject, with- 
out befeeching the FATHER of mercies to com- 
mand a blefling upon the word ; that you may indeed 
believe \\ unto ri^hteoufnefs, unto life, unto falvation. 
Thus will you glorify the ineffable goodnefs of GOD, 
and the inestimable merit of CHRIST : thus will you 
find a fare, a full, an incomparably-rich provifion made 
for your fafety : and thus will you moft effeclually 
comply with that tender and gracious invitation of 
the LOPtD your GOD ; Come, my people, enter thou 
into thy chambers, and friut thy doors about thee : hide 
thyjelfas it were for a little moment, until the indignation 
be overpaft. For behold ! the LORD comet h out of his 
place, to puwfli the inhabitants of the earth for their 
iniquity |. 

And what will ye do, when the LORD cometh 
forth to punihh, *if you are not received into the hi- 
ding-place ? What will ye do, ye men of fober and 
decent converfation ; who have nothing but an out- 
ward regularity, and ibme cuftomary conformity to 

H 2 religious 

* 2 Chron. xx. 20. f A#s xvi.3i. 

^ Gen. xlv. 19. j; Rom. x. 10 ^. If. xxvi. 2.0, 21. 

i II I M K A N S SER.U. 

religious woilhip f Thcle, though in their place valu- 
able, yet .uc no teem icy- They arc only the outworks, 
not your fortiluMtion, nor your citadel. When the. 

: .icons ] i: ;:le<ijroin heaven in flawing 

caiueoH tiitrri that obey not the go j pel *\ 

fc, without the blood of 1'prinkling, will be but as 
'. \\iihered leaf amidlt the inextinguilhable burning. 

\Vhat will ye do, ye men of wealth and large pol- 
leirions? //''/'// riches profit you in the day ofivrath\? 
will riches protect you in the day of the L O 11 D's 
coutrovcii) \ Alas 1 they will mark you out for a prey, 
and i'erve only to lure the vultures. If riches have been 
your idol ; hoarded up in your colVers, or lavilhed out 
upon yourfclves ; they will, when the day of reckon- 
ing comes, be like the garment of pitch and brimftone, 
put upon the criminal condemned to the flames. 

What will ye do, ye mighty men of valour ? If the 
LOUD turn his hand upon you, your heart fliall fail, 
and your knees be feeble ; your arm fiiall lofe its 
itrengih, and your i'word (hail lofe its edge, Your 
ileets and armies ///<?// be as tow, and the commanders 
of them, as a J park; and they ftiall both burn together, 

i none Jliall quench thcm\. if you are not flickered 
nnd iecured by this blood, what will ye do, when the 
jhout of the archangel is made, and the trump of 
C O D is heard ? Undaunted as you now feem, you 
will then, in an agony of defpair, call upon rocks to 
fall upon you, and mountains to cover you \\ . 

Wir.t will yc do, ye voluptuous men, and ye cardefs 
women \ ye that eat the lambs out of the flock, and 
the calves out of the inidlt of the flail ? ye that drink 
wine in bowls, and anoint yourielves with the chief 
ointments \ Ah ! what will ye do, when the luholeland, 
for theunivcrfal degeneracy of its inhabitants, for their 
contempt of CHKI.ST, and neglec\ of grace, fliall 


- 2 ThrfT. i. 7, 8, -f Prov. ? i. 4. 

3' ilev. vi. jo. 

SER.II. O F S A F E T Y. 6l 

become brimftone, and J alt, and burning; infomuch that 
it JhalL not be J own, nor bear, nor any grajs grow there- 
on * ? Much more may I aik, What will ye do, when 
the heavens mall pais away with a great noife, when 
the elements ihall melt with fervent heat, when the 
whole earth, and all the works that are therein, fhall 
be burnt up f 

What will ye do, people of all ranks and condi- 
tions, when mij chief ft lall conienpon mi [chief, and rumour 
J/iall be upon rurnour f f when your houfes Ihall be laid 
in heaps, and your (treets be made a place of graves ? 
when your cities, that were full of inhabitants, ihall 
be iolitary ; and not a voice heard am'tdft them, but 
lighs of the ditconfolate, and groans of the dying ? 
when your children fhall be ilaughtered in one place, 
your parents in another ; and the " {lain (hall lie be- 
" hind the {layer, as the (heaves \ beliind the reaper 
*' in the time of harveft r" But, above all, what will 
yc do, when the great white throne is creeled ; when 
the earth and the heavens flee away from the face of 
him that litteth thereon ; and the dead, both fmall 
and great, ftand before GOD to be judged ? Without 
the blood of iprinkling, where can you be fafe ? how 
will you appear ? what will you do f Whereas, if 
CHRIST and his blood are yours, all is yours. You 
have nothing to fear, in time or eternity. " O 1 well 
tc i* it witli you, and happy fhall you be." But this 
reminds me of adding a word, 

4. By way of conjoin f ion. Poffibly you may be ready 
to inquire, u What confolation will this adminifter, 
" amidlt the prefagcs, or under the approach, of na- 
u tional calamities r" Very great. Fear not, lays the 
LOUD, Jor 1 liavf redeemed thee jj . Redemption by 
CHRIST is a prefer vative from all terror, and an 
antidote againfi every evil. This cauies the ferene 


' Dcut. xxix. 23, -f" Ezck. vii. 26. 

t Jr. ix. 2i. j| If. xliii. i. 

62 T II i: MEANS SER. If. 

breull, .?nd the light lorn e heart. Hence comes calm- 
neJs of conference, quielntfs and afjurance for ever. 
Therefore, lltysthe prophet, Thismanfhall be our -peace 
-when t)>e Affyrian Jliall come into our land. The blood 
and righteoulncis of our incarnate GOD mall be the 
ibvereigo fupport of our fouls, even when the enemy 
invades our territories, and preys upon the vitals of 
our country: yea, when he treads upon our palaces */ 
not only dcmolifhcs our dwelling-houfes, but lays our 
royal edifices in the dull, and makes us feel all the 
grievoufnels of war. 

Further, when this blood is fprinkled, fin is done 
away, and GOD is appealed. His promifes are your 
portion, and his arm is your defence. For the com- 
fort of fuch people it is written ; He /hall deliver in fix troubles ; yea, in (even there J hall no evil 
touch thee* Infantine, he /hall redeem t he c from death; 
and in "war, from the power efthejword. Thou /halt be 
hid from the fcourge of the tongue ; neither /halt thou be 
afraid of deftruflion, -when it comcth -J-. In the hands 
of this reconciled and faithful CREATOR, this un- 
wearied and almighty DELIVERER, how f'afely may 
you depofit yourfelves and your families, your poi- 
ieHions and your all ! 

Be not then difcouraged, ye followers of CHRIST, 
though troublous times mould come. All creatures, 
and all events, are under the control of your heaven- 
ly FATHER. If he has any further occaiion for your 
fervice, or fees it conducive to your good, he will 
prefervc you amidrt the Created dangers. He can 
draw a curtain of concealment over you, as he did 
over David in the cave J. He can plant an invifiblc 
guard around you, as he did around Elifha in Do- 
than || . He can turn the hearts of your adverfaries, 
and make even the tnemy and the avenger to be at 


* Mic. v. 5. -f" Jk v - I 9 20 > 

+ x Sain. xxiv. 3* || 2 Kings vi. 17. 

SER.II. OF S A F E T Y. - 63 

peace with you ; as he did in the cafe of Jacob and his 
enraged brother Efdu. Or, if you fall in the com- 
mon calamity, your latter end (li all be peace ; your in- 
heritance is unalienable, m&yourjoy no man takethfrom 
you. Your bell things, your eternal interclrs, are fe- 
ctire, inviolably fecure, being hid -with CHRIST in 
COD *. 

Happy, unfpeakably blefled and happy the people, 
on whom this blood is fprinkled ! If vindictive viiita- 
tions come upon the land, this may fcreen and pro- 
tect their pcrfons ; like the mark, which the man 
clothed with linen fet on the forehead of GOD's 
chofen ones f ; or like the line of fcarlet: thread, which 
Rahab the harlot bound to the window of her houfe J. 
However, by this blood of reconciliation, all afflictions 
fhall be difarmed, and every evil unftung. Nay, ail 
things, not in proiperity only, but in adverfity like- 
vt\te,fliall work together for good^. Death, even death, 
is vanquifhed for them, and become their gain. And 
the lait judgment is no longer the object of their 
dread, but their unfpeakable privilege. Being jui- 
tified by this blood, they may even trlory in tribula- 
tion ^ and rejoice in hope^ in lure and itedfalt hope cy 
the glory of GOD . 

Will ye not then, brethren, ardently join with me ? 


* Col. iii. 3. -f- Ezck. xi. 6. \ Jofh. ii. 18, 19. 

JKom. viii. 28. This feems to be the meaning of the HO- 
GHOST, in the paflage lately quoted from job. In fix ^ 
in manifold and various troubles GODjbatl deliver thee. U;\ 
if he 1'ufFer thee to be involved in fever., there jball n>, fuil, iid 
pe:ial evil, tou^h ihee. His gracious prefence fLall be more tikai 
deliverance. Thou lhalt not feel argufo^ but enjoy caw/ 
thou flialt not fuffer harm, but receive benefit. Though the 
tiames of tribulation kindle all around, they (hall not coniume 
thee; but (like the fire which furroumietl the three Hel 
cwnfefTors) mall only loofe thy, bonds, and ier thee free; i>c 
thy ajfeclions free from a troublefome world, or ftt thy 
.free from a prifon of clay. 

i Horn. v. r, 2, 3. 

64 THE M E A N S, 6-r. SER.H. 

while I lift my voice to GOD in the heavens, aiul lay, 
u Awake, awake, O arm of the LORD ; let this be a 
" day of thy power, and a clay of our redemption. 
" Behold, O GOD our SAVIOUR, and look upon 
" thy various congregations. .Sec what a gathering 
** of the people there is in thy courts ; let there be as 
tc great a gathering of ibuls to thy blelled i'elf. Ful- 
" lil the prophecy, almighty SHILOH 1 Let tinners, 
<l won by the dilcovery of thy grace, fly unto tiice 
tc as a cloud ; and take (heller in thy wounds, as the 
" doves in their windows 1 that they may refl in the 
41 day of trouble ; and, when time fhall be no more, 
<l may enter into that everlafting reft, which remain- 
44 eth for the people of GOD/' Amen. 

S E R- 


The Way of Holinefs. 

Ez EK. xviii. 27. 

IV hen ths wicked man turneth away from his ivicked* 
nef's that he hath committed, and doth that which if 
lawful and right, he ftiall Jave his Joul alive. 

MANY of my hearers, I obferve, are hufbandmen ; 
and the iealon, if I miltake not, is the ieaibn 
of Jced-tima I will fuppofe a perfon, unfkilled in 
your bufinefs, brethren, taking notice of your work. 
Perhaps he goes home, and lays, u What ftrange 
tc inconfiderate creatures have I ieen in the field ! I 
" faw them, inllead of laying up their corn in the 
<e garner, throwing it away by handfuls. IMay, they 
** even buried it in the ground, and left it ta putrefy 1 
" under the clods. Is this the way to improve their 
" flock, and increafe their fuhftancc ? is tliis the 
" way to get gain, and p'rovide for their families :'" 

.Should any one make iuch a reflection on your 

conduct, you have an anfvver ready. The lame aniwer^ 

only with an alteration of circumftanccs, will be e- 

qually proper for your preacher. It is true, his ufual 

Ttibje&s are, the abfolutely free-grace of G O D, a"nd 

VOL. V. N 21. I the 

ou i' If WAY SER.IUV 

the iinmenicly-rich merits of CHRIST ; the infinite 
atonement, and cvcrlafHng righteouincls of the RE- 
DKKMEil. But becaufc he generally enlarges upon 
thcfc doftrincs, is lie therefore throwing away his 
words ? docs lie ncglctl the caufe, or difregard the rn- 
terelts of /wlinejs? Far from it. He is lowing the iced 
of vital holinefs ; without which feed, holinefs will 
never flourifh in your hearts, will never bring forth 
fruit in your lives ; any more thanyour ploughed lands 
would produce a crop of corn, without receiving the 
appointed grain. It is thruug/i, the knowledge of ottr 
adorable SAVIOUR, as calling ns to glory andvirtne^ 
that we have all things pertaining unto life and godli- 
ncfs *; unto the enjoyment of life eternal, and the 
practice of true godliuefs. 

To convince you that this is my aim, I have chofen 
a text full to the purpofe ; and not uniuitable to the 
occalion of our prefcnt aflembly. ff^ken the wicked- 
vi'&n turnetk aivay from his wickedj^ef.', , that he hath 
committed, and doth that which is Lawful and right, he 
Jhall jave his- foul alive., 

The wqrds naturally divide themftlvesvinto the fol- 
lowing particulars : 

I. What the wicked man mould turn from "wicked" 

II. What he fhould turn to to do that which is law- 
ful and right. 

III. What will be the efed of fuch turning he /hall 
Jave his foul alive, 

May C H Pv I S T J E S U S, the Head of his church, 
nnd the wonderful Caunfellor, enable us to open thefc 
truths ; to add a word of lively application j and to 
receive godly edifying from the whole ! 

L What the wicked man mould turn from wicked- 

* a Per. i. 3. 

III. O F H O L 1 N E S S. -67 

nefs. Here perhaps you expect, that I fhould mention 
Teveral forts of wickednefs ; mould difplay the deteft- 
able nature and definitive confequences of each ; and 
deter you, by iuch confidcrations, from the cotnmif- 
iion of them all ; deter you from lying and defraud- 
ing, from curling and (wearing, from drunkennefs 
and uncleanneis, from a fpiteful temper, and a back- 
biting tongue. Thefe are horrid evils. On account 
ofthefe the Ir.nd mourns Thefe bring the vengeance 
of GOD on a peribn, and on a people*. If 1 could 
ipeak in thunder, I could never inveigh too loudly a- 
gainit theie vices. u Ye that go on in iuch iniquities,, 
" ye *rt feathering brim/ions upon your habitations f ; 
<c ye are heaping up wrath againjl tlie day of ivrath \* 
" How can ye efcape t/ie damnation of htil jj ?'* 

But let me forbear inveclives. Let me reaibn with 
you in the fpirit of mild nefs .-r-I will fuppofe you poi~ 
iefTed of a pleafant garden. In fome favourite bed, 
many weeds fpring up, alluring to the eye, but full 
of deadly poifon. Will you ord:r your gardener, to 
crop off the leaves, or to pluck up the routs f To 
pluck up the roots, moft certainly-. Becaufe, if he 
does the former only, it will avail but litrlt ; it will 
be no better than labour loft ; whereas, if lie does the 
latter, he will effectually rid your ground of the per- 
nicious incumbrance. Thus would I aft. Wick 
nefs is this pernicious weed. It is full of deadly poifon ; 
it pollutes your fouls, and will be the bane of your 
happincfs. I would not therefore be contci.t with 
ufing the pruning-knife, and cutting off the (hoots ; 
but I would take the fpade, and level my blow at the 

I would fain have you turn, not partially and fu- 
perficially, but thoroughly and habitually; not from 
fome only, but from all wickcdnefs ; and not barely 

I 2 from 

* Col. iii. 6. -f Job xviii. 15. 

+ .Rom. ii. $. |J Marth. xxiii. 33,, 


from the practice, but even from the love of it, and 
nay fondnefi for it. This will never be accomplilh- 
cd, unlels you turn 

From a thought Icfs ~) 

From a pr..ytrUls {i-flate 

From an irtfenjiblf j 

l. From a thoitghtlejs ftate. You are made for e- 
ternity ; yon are immortal beings. You mutt dwell 
either with GOD in heaven, or with devils in hell ; 
and that to eiuSL-fs, endlels ages. You know not 
how loon you may be fummoned into the inviliblc 
nud eternal world ; the following night, for aught you 
can tell ; or before the prefent hour is expired. Do 
you leriouily confidcr, to which of thel'e cverlalting 
abodes you are approaching ? for which of thel'e un- 
changeable conditions you are meet ? 

Except a man be born again , fays our LORD, he 
cami'it enter into the kingdom of heaven *. This is the 
fixed determination of the righteous Judge. You all 
hope for heaven ; and 1 humbly beieech the LORD 
that you may not be dilappointed of your hope. But 
<Jo you diligently inquire, whether you have experi- 
enced this new birth ? Is there a (piritual change 
\vrought in your fouls ? are your affections taken off 
from vanity, and fixed on the infinitely-amiable GOD. 5 
is your memory filled with the truths of the gofpel, 
and are your clefires rifjng to things above? To ex- 
pect the bleflednefs of heaven, and have no concern 
about this renewal of" your nature, is to contemn the 
counfels of CH R I S T, and to trifle with his unalter- 
able decree. 

Without holincfs no man fliall fee the LORD f . This 
is the {landing rule for our preient conduct, and in- 
difpenfibly neceffary for our future happineis. You 
may be civil and decent in your behaviour ; you may 
attend the place of divine \vorfh ip, and pnis for re- 

* John iii. 3. f Hejx xii. 14. 

SER. 111. OF HOLINESS. 69 

putable pertbns ; yet, unlefs you are holy in your 
hearts, and holy in your conveiiation, you cannot 
enter into GOD's blifsful preience. To be holy is to 
put on CHRIST * ; to reiemble CHRIST, in your 
ipirit and carriage, as one man rciembles another, 
when h'e puts on his drei's, or imitates his manners. 
Do you look to CHRIS T as your pattern ; follow 
CHRIST as your guide ; and, in the general courie 
of your life, walk as CHRIST walked '. Perhaps 
you have never fo much as aimed at this ; never fo 
much as ferioufly coniidered eternity, regeneration, 
and a conformity to CHRIS T. Thele things are iel- 
dom, if ever, in your thoughts : then be allured you 
are far from holinets ; you are not turned from your 
evil way ; no, nor ib much as beginning to turn. 

Say not, " This duty of ferious consideration is a 
" flight matter. If I had been guilty of injullice or 
** perjury ; if I had committed adultery or murder ; 
" theie indeed were heinous crimes : whereas, the 
41 omiflion which you have infifted on, is but a imall 
" offence." Small off'snce'l Prelinne not to think fo. 
However fuch guilt may appear little in your view, 
or fit ealy upon your conlcicncc, it is hainous enough 
to make heaven and earth amazed. For thus faith the 
LORD; Hear, heavens, and give ear, earth! I 
/iave nourijhed and broug/it up children, and they have 
rebelled againft vie. The ox knows th liis owner, and the 
f.'/'s his majler'i crib: but Ifr ad dothnot know, my people 
DOTH NOTCONSIDERJ. To fay the truth, an incon- 
siderate carelels lite is an unintcrmittcd coinie of fin; 
it is one continued act of rebellion againfl G O D. 
U oppofes his compaflionate wifli ; that they were 
"I that they und'fft'Jloqd tilts ! thnt they ivoidd conjjdcr 
T'icir latter end \l It diibbeys his polkivc command ; 
Tints faith the LORD of liofis, thu fupremc Ruler of 
-the world, Conjtderyour ways || . It defeats the dc 


Rn-u. >. ; :i. 14. -f- If. i. 2, 3. 

\ Deut. xxxii. 29. J| Hag. i._ 5 , ? . 


of his holy word, and would make the blood of his 
SON to be of none effect. 

2. Turn from a praycrlefs (late. Alas! how many 
of thofe whom we call Chriftians are ftrangeis to 
prayer ! How mzny Jcruants rile to their work, and 
never bend a knee before their MASTER in heaven ! 
how many ma/ters fet their iervants an ungodly ex- 
ample; enter upon the affairs of the day, without im- 
ploring the GOD of all grace, either to profper their 
bufineis, or to fa notify their fouls ! How many parents 
know not what it is to make earned fupplications for 
the converfion and falvation of their children ! and 
how many children are as ignorant of the nature, the 
neceffity, the advantages of prayer, et as the wild afs's 
" colt * !" 

Shall I reckon thsfe goad people ? are thefe turned 
to their GOD ? No ; they are defpifers of the Moit 
HIGH ; they caft contempt upon his majefty. The 
language of their practice is, " Depart from us. 
44 Omnipotent as thou art, we have no need of thee ; 
" no need of thy SPIRIT, to make interceffion in 
tc us ; no need of thy SON, to make interceflion/or 
" us." Mofl jnflly, therefore, is it reckoned by E1U 
phaz, as part of a wicked and abandoned character, 
Thou rcftraineft prayer before GOD -j-. Nay, it is men- 
tioned by the Pfalmtft as the finifhing part, that which 
feals up the foul under the dominion of iniquity, and 
fliuts out all reafonable hope of a reformation : They 
are corrupt ; they do abominable works ; and there is no 
proipcft of their doing otherwife, fmce they call not 
upon the LORD J. 

Religious, yet neglect prayer ! Impofiible. Can a 
man live without food ? can he breathe without air ? 
No more can you withftand temptation, or exercife 
godlinefs, un\e&yv\ii.u (itch unto prayer jj. Theneglecl: 


x Job xi. 12. -r Job xv. 4. 

$ Pfal. xiv. 4. ' || Lph. vi. i& 

SER. HI- OF H O L I N E S S. 71 

of prayer is not only finful in itfelf, but the furc figr> 
of an unlanftified heart, and the wide inlet to every 
unrighteous practice. " Shew me aprayerlefsperlbn," 
faid one, " and I will fhew you agracelefsperfon." 
Turn then, finners, turn, without delay, to a habit of 
prayer; of fecret, ferious, earneft prayer: othcrwife, 
you cannot expeft that the wrath of GOD fhould be 
turned away from you. No; when he whets his glit- 
tering fword, and his hand takes hold on judgment, 
you are the perfons that caitfe the indignation.; you 
are the perfons who have reafon to tremble at the 
ibroke. For thus it is written in that venerable book, 
which is a tranfcript of the divine will, and the rule 
of the divine procedure ; Pour out thy fury upon the 
Heathen, that knoiv theenot ; pour out thy fury upon the 
families that call not on thy name *. 

g. Turn from your infenfible ftate. Be ienfible of 
your guilt, your mifery, your ruin. Thoughtlefs and 
prayerleis people, you are fmners before the GOD of 
heaven ; you are the children of his wrath ; you are 
the objects of his vengeance ; condemned and accur- 
(ed by his holy word. O ! may the LOUD of all 
power rend the veil from your underftandings, and 
lliew you your perilous, your dreadfully-perilous con- 

If, while I am fpeaking, the earth fhoukl reel to and 
fro, and be in flrong convulfions under your feet ;. if 
it mould open its horrid jaws, and gape frightfully 
wide to devour you j not one in the afTembly but 
would be greatly alarmed. How then can you be 
carelefs and unconcerned, when hell from beneath is 
opening her mouth to fwallow you up in emllefs per- 
dition ? If this building was rocking over your heads, 
and tottering on every fide; if the beams were buril- 
ing, and the walls cleaving ; you would be ftruck 
with aftoniihinept and horror. And how is it that 


* Jer. x. 25. 

74 * HE WAY S E R . 1IL 

:l':d the FA r HER, that in CHR IS Tffiouldall 
fulnils divfll *. 

Bccauie you are H/7/r, and have a burden of iniqui- 
ty on your fouls, H E is the Lamb of COD, that ta- 
keth aiiiav *'''(' /''' of the -world] : a lamb of GOD's 
own appointing ; a lamb of infinite excellence and dig- 
nity ; to whom nothing is equal, nothing comparable. 
This Lamb of GOD has (hcd his blood for Tinners ; 
has iii (Ve red death lor linners ; yea, has died in their 
ftcad, and endured all that vengeance which they have 
rk Tcrvcd. In this mod wonderful' and perfect: man- 
ner has he obtained their pardon ! pardon, not of f'omc 
only, but of all (ins ; be they ever To numerous, or e- 
ver i'o hainons, it makcth no difference with him. An 
infinite SAVIOUR! taketlv away millions, unnumbered 
millions of the moil abominable iniquities, with as 
much cafe as- he expiates a (ingle offence, or the fmall- 
cft he blotteth &ut tranfgrejji f jn-s, aggravated 
tranfgreffions, innumerable tranfgreflions, as- a cloud\ ; 
as eafily and' as completed; as the wind iv/seps away 
a* floating cloud from the face of the fky. Delivered 
from this load of guilt, you will be fitted to -walk in 
the way of God's commandments, and not be -weary ; 
yea, to run, and not faint j| . 

Becaule you are ruined, and have nothing that may 
recommend you to the moft high GOD, CHRIST 'has 
brought in a righteoufneis a complete righteoufnefs 
a divine righteoufnefs. Confider the unfpotted purity 
of his nature, and the unfmning obedience of his life ; 
confider his fervent charity to man,, and his patient re- 
fign^tion to G O D ; confider all his exajted virtues, 
nnd all his exemplary actions ; thefe, all thefe, in their 
utmoft perfection, are not only for the imitation, but 
for the jnfrificntion alfo, of flich finners as you and T. 
Ht- name is JEHOVAH, which fpeaks incompre- 
liciilible grandeur in him ; JEHQ VAH our righte ottf- 



* Gol. i. 19, -f- Joha i. 29. ^ If. xUv.22, \\ If* xl. 31, 

,ER. III. O F H O L I N E S S. 75 

iiefs *, which fpeaks unutterable comfort to us. Jn 
this righteouiheis we may be fully accepted, and en- 
titled to eternal life. Of this we may make our boaft, 
and lay, In the LORD have I right eoujnejs -f--; I, a 
tranfgrcfTor, have a real righteoufnefs ; I, a defec- 
tive creature, have a confummate righteouinefs ; I, 
a frail relapfing Chriflian, have an invariable and e- 
verlalting righteoufncis. O ! what a trcafure is this ! 
what an i. ilpeakable gift is this ! Is there a cordial 
that can revive our fpirits, is there a motive that can 
animate us to duty, like juflification through IM- 
1VJ AI\ UEL's righteoufneis f Bleffed L O R D ! this 
makes thy yoke eafy, aiid thy burden light. 

Becaufe you are weak and dijablcd, CHRIST has 
the rtfidue of the SPI111I 1" J ; the //</> of the SP1- 
KIT || ; thcjeven S P I R ITS of GOD are before 
his throne j. The H O J, Y G H O S T, in all his o- 
perations, and with 2-11 his graces, CHRIS T fends 
to whomfoever he pleafes -4-. He gave this inefli- 
rnable bleifingto Saul the perfecutor and blafphemer.: 
lie gave this inefiimable blefling to many of his mur- 
derers and crucifiers : he flill coafersthe jieavenly gift 
on his enemies ; yea^ an the rebellious ulfo -t- . And 
thepromile, theiree gracious promilb, // to you, and 
to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as 
;>iany at the LORD ourX^OZ), by the preaching of 
his gofpel,y5W/ call-*-*. 

How falutary and beneficial arc the effects of this 
-/tft 1 our LORD liimlelf, who beft knew, has admi- 
rably fhewn. He that beiitvcth on ME, out of his belly 
fliall fioiu rivers oj living -water =. This fpake he of 
the SPIRIT, which every one that turns to him, and 
believes on him, fhall receive. Obferve fome beauti- 
ful and copious river : how it exhilarates the country, 
and fructifies the foil through which it pafles ; beftows 
athoufand convcniencies, and gives birth to a thoufajid 

K 2 delights . 

* Jer. xxiii. 6. -f- ^- "l v - ^4. ^ Mai. ii. 1,5. 

(j C)l. i. 19 .1 Rev. ii. 4. .$_ Jc'. i xvi. 7. 

-fPial. Ixviii. 18. -H- Ads i. 39. = John vii. 38. 

74 'f H E WAY SER.IIL 

fleaffd the FA T H E R, that in CHR IB Tfiouldalt 
fulncjs dwell *. 

Becaufe you we guilty, and have a burden of iniqui- 
ty on your fouls, H E is the Lamb of GOD, that ta- 
keth away the fin of the world] : a lamb of GOD's 
own appointing ; a lamb of infinite excellence and dig- 
nity ; to whom nothing is equal, nothing comparable. 
This Lamb of GOD has died his blood for Tinners ; 
has fullered death lor fmners ; yea, has died in their 
Read, and endured all that vengeance which they have 
dcfcrvcd. In this mod wonderful- and perfect man- 
ner has he obtained their pardon ! pardon, not of fomc 
only, but of all tins ; be they ever fo numerous, or e- 
ver fo hainous, it mnkcth no difference with him. An 
iiu'inite SAVIOUR taketlv away millions, unnumbered 
millions of the molt abominable iniquities, with as 
much safe as-he expiates a (ingle offence, or the imall- 
c(t he blotteth out trartferej/ian-s, aggravated 
tranfgreffions, innumerable tranfgrcflions, as- a cloud\ ; 
as eafily and' as completely as the wind iwseps away 
ar floating cloud from the face of the Iky. Delivered 
from this load of guilt, you will be fitted to walk in 
the way of God's commandments, and not be weary ; 
yea, to run, and not faint j|. 

Becaufe you are ruined, and have nothing that may 
recommend you to the mod high GOD, CHRIST 'has 
brought in a righteoufnefs a complete righteoufnefs 
a divine righteoufnefs. Confider the unfpottcd purity 
of his nature, and the uniinning obedience of his life ; 
confider his fervent charity to man, and his patient rc- 
fignation to G O D ; confider all his exajted virtues, 
nnd all his exemplary actions ; thefc, all thefe, in their 
utmofl perfection, arc not only for the imitation, but 
for the juftificption alfo, of ilich fmners as you and T. 
Hi' name is JEHOVAH, which fpeaks incompre- 
henlible grandeur in him ; JEHO V AH our right eouj- 



* Col. i. 19, -f- Joha i. 29. ^ If. :Uiv.22, jj If xl. 31, 

O F H O L I N E S S. 75 

weft *, which fpeaks unutterable comfort to us. Jn 
this righteoufneis we may be fully accepted, and en- 
titled to eternal life. Of this we may make our boaft, 
and lay, In the LORD have I right eoujnejs f-; I, a 
tranfgrcflbr, have a real i igbteoufnefs ; I, a defec- 
tive creature, have a confummate righteouihcfs ; I, 
a frail relapfing Chrillian, have an invariable and e- 
verla(ting righteoufneis. O ! what a trcafure is this ! 
what an i. ifpeakable gift is this ! Is there a cordial 
that can revive our fpirits, is there a motive that can 
animate us to duty, like justification through IM- 
MAN UEL's righteoufneis : Bleffed L O R D ! this 
makes thy yoke eaiy, and thy burden light. 

Becaufe you are weak and di/abled, CHRIST has 
the reftdue of the SPIJRI 1 } ; thefu/xcjs of the SPI- 
RIT || ; thcjcm-n S P I R I T S of GOD are before 
his throne j. The H O JL Y G H O S T, in all his o- 
perations, and with ail his graces, CHRIS 7 fends 
to whomfoever he pleafes -T-. He gave this incfti- 
rnable blelfingto Saul the perfecutor and blafphcmer.: 
lie gave this ineftimable blefling to many of his mur- 
derers and cruciiiers : he ftill coafersthe Jieavenly gift 
on his enemies ; yea^ an the rebellious a//o -H. And 
thepromife, the free 'gracious promilb, is to you, and 
to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as 
-,,iany as the LORD ourX^OZ), by the preaching of 
his gofpel,/W/ call+-+. 

How falutary and beneficial arc tine eifecls of this 
;>/ift ! our LORD himielf, who beft knew, has admi- 
rably fhewn. fie that believcth on ME, out of his belly 
fliaU floiv rivers of living water ==. This fpake he of 
the SPIRIT, which every one that turns to him, an4 
believes on him, fhail receive. Obferve fome beauti- 
ful and copious river : how it exhilarates the country, 
and fructifies the foil through which it palfes ; befiows 
athoufand convcniencies, and gives birth to a thoufarid 

K 2 delights , 

* Jer. xxiii. 6. -j* If. ;.lv. 24, ^ Mai. ii. i ^. 

[| Col. i. 19 \. Rev. ii. 4. .^_ Jc'. \ xvi. 7. 

4-Pfal. Ixviii. 18. -f+ Ads i. 39. -~ John vii. 38. 

76 T H E W A Y SEiuIII. 

delights, where-ever it takes its winding courfe. So 
the COMFORTER dwelling in the heart, gives fuch 
charming views of CHRIST and his unlearchable 
riches, as gladden the confcience, and make us truly 
happy. Hence, as from an inexhauilible fource, true 
"liolinefs Hows, and every fpiritual good. This difpoies 
us to love our neighbour ; this teaches us to be meek 
in fpiri; : and this will raite our defires far above earth- 
ly, feniiial, tranfitory things, even as David's thoughts 
were railed far above the fhepherd's fcrip, when he 
fat exalted on the throne of Ifrael. 

Under' the influence of this divine SPIRIT, you 
will fay, " CHRIST has taken away the execrable 
<c filth of my fins ; and (hall 1 wallow in the mire of 
" iniquity again ? CHRIST has delivered me from 
* e the pit of everlafting deftrudtion ; and fliall I leap 
*' into thofe unquenchable flames, from which, as a 
< 4 brand, I have been fnatched ? In my adorable 
"REDEEMER, I have a perfed righteouihels, 
" and am completely judified ; and fhall 1 not cndea- 
Ci vour to walk worthy of fuch favours ; to (hew my 
" gratitude for fuch beneficence, by bringing forth 
<c the fruits of righteouihefs in all my converfa- 
*< tion :" 

Yes, brethren ; wheo you are turned to CHRIST, 
to receive his atonement, to rely on his righteoufnefs, 
to be filled with his S P I R 1 T ; it will be with your 
foul as it is with the earth, when it is turned to the 
fun. The earth, you fee, is now barren and unfruit- 
ful, br.catife it has been very much withdrawn from 
the enlivening beams of the iiin. Ere long it will be 
replaced under the full influences of that fountain of 
light and heat. Then what a change will take place 1 
how will the flowers appear on the ground ! how will 
the leaves adorn the trees ! how will the fmging 
of birds be heard in our land ! So fliall holinefs and a 
heavenly temper be produced in your fouls ; fo (hall 
obedience, with all the fruits of godlinefs, flourifh in 


SE&. ffl. OF HOLINESS. 77 

your lives ; when this Sun of righteoufnefs manifefts 
himfelf in your hearts, makes you partakers of his 
falvatioh, and thus arijes upon you with healing under 
his wings *. 

Should any one doubt, whether this is the way to 
do that which is lawful and right ; I a(k, Is it not a 
pleafing way ? fuch as we fhould wi!h tor; iiich as we 
mould prefer above all others ; and iuch as will render 
our LOR D's icrvice perfect freedom ? Js it not a 
rational way ? apparently adapted to engage the heart, 
to flrengthen the hand, and thereby to fit the whole 
man for every good work ? 

Beiides, is it not the way appointed by G O D ? 
Would we " earneftly repent, and be heartily forry 
u for all our mifdoings :" The wifdom of GOD af- 
fures us, this forrow muft arife from believing views 
of CHRIST ; from looking unto him whom we have 
pierced f/ looking unto him as wounded for our tranf- 
greifions, and bruifed for our iniquities. This, if any 
thing, will incline us to be afflicted, and mourn, and 
weep, for all our abominations. Thus, and thus on- 
ly, (hall we experience that godly farrow which work- 
etli repentance not to be repented of. 

Would we love GOD ? The oracles of heaven in- 
form us, that we muft firft lee his love ; his infinitely- 
free, and infinitely -tender love towards us'; his love 
not imputing any lin to our fouls, but laying all our 
iniquities upon his own SON. Then fhall we love 
him, when we perceive and know, that he has, in this 
molt divinely gracious manner, regarded loved blef- 
icd us. 

Would we he pure in heart ? The LORD purificth 
the heart by faith \: faith in CHRIST, as fliedding 
)iis molt precious blood, as giving his mod glorious 
perfbn, for our ranfom : and, by his one oblation, 
ftnijhing our tranfgfcflion ; making reconciliation for our 

iniquity y 
" Mai. iv. 2. -f Zecli. xii. O. ^ Ads xv. 9, 

78 T H E W A Y 3*i.HL 

iniquity; yea, perfecting us for ever: rnfomuch that we 
may boldly and ailuredly lay, Through this %race of 
our LORD JL'SUS C H RI ST we Jhall be faucd. 
He that hath this faith and this hope purifieth him] elf ^ 
even as he is pure. 

Would we renounce all ungodlincfs ? would we live 
foberly, right coufly, and godlily * f By grace we mult 
be enabled ; even that grace which brings ialvation, 
a finished and free ialvation to finners. That grace, 
appearing in the heart, and appropriated by faith, is 
the lure, the effectual means of true falsification ; the 
liire, the effectual motive to willing obedience. There- 
fore our LORD fays, He that ecitcth me, even ht Jliall 
live by me }. Us that eateth me, that receiveth my 
righteoufnefs and redemption ; that maketh a daily 
ufe of me and my benefits, far the refrefliment anxi 
health of his foul ; as people make a daily ufe of their 
neccffary food, for the nourifliment and fupport of 
their bodies: even he fliall live by me; he fiiall live to 
GOD in real holinefs here, and live with GOD 
in everlafting glory hereafter. This method will 
ilrcngthen -and prepare us for difcharging all the du- 
ties of a Chriftian life, as bread flrengthens and pre- 
pares the labourer for difpatching the bufmefs of his 
toilfome calling. Whereas, without uling this fove- 
reign expedient, we* mall be as incapable of exercifmg 
ourfelves unto godlinefs, as the hireling, deprived of 
bis ufual meals, would be incapable of performing his 
daily tafk. 

Upon the whole, brethren, we do not urge you to 
make brick without ftraw : we do not call upon you 
to arife and \vork, without (hewing you from whence 
your ability and vigour are to proceed. Some, per- 
haps, might exhort you to all holy obedience ; but, 
neglecling thefe moft neceifary directions, their exhor- 
tations would be comfortlefs and iniiguificant ; be- 

* Tit, ii. A f John vi. 57. 


caufe you might fetch a figh, and may anfwer, u All 
" this we would gladly do, but alas-! we are not able." 1 
Whereas here is grace iufficicnt for you in CHRIST. 
Whatever hinders you, CHRIST removes; what- 
ever you want, CHR IS T bcftows : that^ being deli- 
vered from your enemies, and from the hand of all that 
hate you; from the influence of all that embarrafles, 
and all that dilcourages you '^ you may ferv e him, "with- 
out ilavHh or difquieting/ew, in holincjs and right eouj- 
ntfs before him, all the days of your life *, 

Happy deliverance ! thrice happy conduct ! but- 
happier ftill the iflbe of all I Which reminds me of 
my laft inquiry ; namely, 

III. What will be the effect of this turning > /fr, 
the wicked man, thus turned, /hall Jave kis foul alive. 

He (\\a\\fave-~- Safety mall be his companion ; fafety 
fiiall be his guard ; fafety fhall efcort him through the 
dangers of life. All the days of his appointed time 
he (hall dwell under the defence of the Mojt HIGH, and 
abide under the f/iadow of the ALMIGHTY f. iyioft 
defirable fituation I ef|>ecially when judgments, deib- 
lating and deftrudrive judgments, are abroad. While- 
the ftorm of calamity is gathering, or when the tem- 
ped of tribulation is raging, ! what a calm mult it 
create in the heart, to have the eternal GOD for our 
refuge {! to fay within ourfeives, " The hand that // 
" ftretched over the jea, andfnakes the kingdoms of the 
'* earth ; u the hand that rends the mountains, zv.djcat- 
44 ttrs the everlaftin'y hills jj ; that liand is my defence 
14 and my fliield'l" 

.Save his/?7w/' It is not improbable, but his bodily 
welfare may be fecu cd. GOD may fet a mark up- 
on his forehead, and command the Iwcrd of the cle- 
itroying angel to pals over his houfe. But however 



* Luke i. 74, 75. -f Pfal. xci. I. 

$ Dem. xxxiii. ^7. |J Hub. iii. 6. 

8o T H W A Y SER. Hi, 

this may be determined, his foul (hall be fafc. As to 
his fpiritunl welfare, he has a writ of protection under 
the great leal of heaven. The LORD JESUS is 
his ever faithful guardian, and none (hall pluck him out 
of the divine REDEEMER'* hand *. The roaring 
lion may go about, feeking to devour him : but he 
has a itrong city, which the infernal adverfary cannot 
ftorm ; he has an impregnable bulwark, which the 
powers of darknefs cannot icale. Though he fall, 
the arm of CHRIST will raiie him ; though he be 
defiled, the blood of CHRIST will cleanie him ; 
though he die, it will be no lofs, but gain. HE 
that has the keys of the grave, will give command- 
ment concerning his mouldering bones ; H E that 
lives for evermore, will receive his departing foul. 
This, perhaps, may be meant by that other emphati- 
cal word, alive; 

He fhall lave his foul alive He (hall not barely b6 
fafe, but happy. He mail enjoy what truly defervcs 
the name of life. A man may efcape from his ene- 
my, by flying to a, fortified caftle : but in the cattle 
there may be drought and famine. He may perifh by 
thefe chfafters, though prefcrved from the purfuing 
foe. It fhall not be thus with the returning, belie- 
ving, renewed finner. He fhall be faved with a com- 
plete and everlafting falvation. He is a child of GOD, 
and an heir of glory: he fhall rejoice in CHRIST 
JESUS here, and fhall enter into the joy of his 
LORD hereafter. When the earth is burnt up, he 
fhall fee it ; when the heavens pafs away, he fhall 
fland with boldnefs ; when all nature finks into difTo- 
lution, he fhall not only furvive, but enjoy the ruin. 
He fhall leave a diflblving world, to pofTcfs a kingdom 
in heaven j to wear a crown of righteoufnefs ; and 
to be for ever with, for ever like, his blefied and glo- 
rious LORD. 


* John , 2&. 


We have now fliewn what the wicked man (hould 
turn /row, what he Ihtmld turn to, what will be the 
fJfeCt of this turning. Give me leave to aik, Has the 
arm of the LOK.D been revealed I are you imprefled 
bytheawfal, or encouraged by the comfortable truths ? 
If ib, perhaps you will be ready to lay, " Will 
44 CHRIST receive me ? will he make me a partaker 
44 of thefe incomparable benefits ? ihall fuch a one, 
41 who is fo very unworthy , find favour in his fight?" 

Yes, iuch a one may find favour. Any one, every 
one who comes, he will receive. He fends his mini- 
iters to invite you ; he fends his judgments to compel 
you ; he ufes every expedient to gain you. He bids 
earthquakes tear the foundations of nature, and turn 
mighty cities into ruinous heaps, that you may be 
built on that rock which (hall never be fhaken. He 
calls the fword of war out of its fcabbard, and com- 
mands it to be bathed in blood, that you may fly for 
iafety to the Prince of peace. While ruin and cleib- 
lation are puriuing their dreadful work all around, he 
throws open the doors of his grace and righteoufneis, 
and mod compaflionately cries, " Come, my people; 
41 come, poor offenders j enler into theie chambers, 
44 and find reft *." 

L any of youftill inclined to reply z " Will CHRIST 
<c indeed receive me, who am n:>t only a firmer, but 
44 . a great fmner, a long per ft ft ing finner, and how 
4t feem to come but at the la ft hour ; more like one 
44 driven by fear, than drawn by love ?" What think- 
eft thou ? would the widow of Nain, who went mourn- 
ing after the corpfe of her only fon, almoft inconfo- 
lable with her loisj would flic be unwilling to receive 
him, when our LORD re-animated the cold clny, :> 1 
delivered him alive to his mother \? \Vould ihe net .1 
much importunity, and hardly be prevailed on, to 
embrace her beloved, her lamented child ? Impolitic 

* If. xxvi. 20. -j- Luke vii. 15. 

VOL.V. N 21. L 

82 T H E W A Y 

to fuppofc. Remember *.vhat CHRIST has done for 
iinncrs ; what he has Juffered for tinners j how his 
bowels yearn over iii>ners ; and it will appear equally 
inipoilibic that lie ihould reject any returning profli- 

Reject ! No. The good father, aged and venerable 
cis he was, baldened ; yea, ran to meet the prodigal. 
He fell on his neck, and tenderly luffed the diffolutc 
youth *. So, with fuch readincfs, and fuch com- 
paifion, will the everlafling FATHER receive you 
to his family, his favour, his love. Nay more, he 
will receive yon withyoy. He is the good Shepherd ; 
you are the lolt ihcep : he is come, in his word, to 
leek you j when you turn to him, he has found you. 
Then, fays the fcripture, the good fhepherd goes 
home with his recovered fheep, rejoicing -J-. O let 
your minirter, and (which is unfpeakably more enga- 
ging) let the bleffed JESUS have joy of you, my 
brethren: even that JESUS by whom finners are 
dearly beloved and longed for J / who has no greater 
delight than to lave them from their iniquities, and 
number them among his children. 

If you fliould anfwer, u This is a matter of the 
44 utmoft importance. It lies at the very root of all 
4C my comfort. Let me hear it confirmed from our 
*' L O R D *s own mouth. I will hearken what the 
44 LORD COD will Jay concerning me ||." 

Hear then his own promiffj the mod precious pro- 
mife that words can form, or fancy conceive ; ffhofo- 
ever conieth to me, for pardon, for juftification, for ho- 
linefs, / will in no wife cnft him out . Jfhofocver ; 
whether he be high or low, learned or illiterate ; 
whether he be a fervant or a mafter, a prince or a 
beggar ; no one is excepted, no one mail be refufed. 
In no wife : on no confideration of paft tranfgreffions, 


* Luke xv. 20. -f Luke xv. 5. ^ Philip, iv. i. 
|j Pfal. Ixxxv. 8. John vi. 37. 


on no account of prefect depravity, on no fore- 
knowledge of future failings. Only let him come, 
only let him come, and nothing fliall debar him from 
the enjoyment of my benefits ; nothing fliall feparate 
him from the endearments of my love. 

Hear his kind invitation; Return unto me, for I have 
redeemed you *. Ye that have hitherto been ftrangers 
to ferioulheis, and alvyays alienated from me ; turn 
unto me, and I will not ib much as upbraid you j with 
your folly. Ye that are now backfliders, and have for 
a leafon ungratefully departed from me ; turn unto me, 
and 1 will heal your backflidings ; my ftripes fliall make 
you w.hole. Yc that have been flaves to vice ; have 
ibid yourfelvcs to work wickednefs ; and are grown 
old in abominable practices ; it is not too late even for 
you. / have redeemed even fuch 2^ you. I (hake the 
pillars of nature, and rock the foundations of the 
world; I clot fa the heavens ivith blacknefs, and I make 
Jackcloth their covering J. Yet, for fuch as you, I gave 
my back to the /miters, and hid not my face from fhame 
and /pitting (j. Yes, dinners ; finners of every kind; 
1 bore the curfe of the law, and died the death of the 
crofs, on purpofe that I might redeem fuch as you. 
Moil amiable REDEEMER ! who would not Men 
to a call ib wonderfully endearing ? Sinners, how- 
can you withfland a motive ib i'weetly constraining ? 

Hear his folemn oath; 4s I live, jaith the LORD 
GOD, I have no pleajure in the death of the -wicked, but 
that the wicked turn jrom his way and live. Turn ye, 
turn ye from your evil ways ; for why will ye die, fJ 
houfe of Ifrael f Was there ever any declaration fb 
charming ? or any addrefs fo affectionate ? See ! how 
the high and lofty ONE condefcends ! He commands 
in heaven, on earth, through hell ; yet, more like a 
iupplicant than a fovcreign, he vouchfafes to folicit 



If. xliv. 22. -j- James i. 5. ^ If. 1. 3. 

jj Ver. 6. Ezek.xxxiii.ii. 

L 2 

84 T H E W A Y SER.IH, 

and befecch yon. From the habitation of his glory 
be cries, Turn ye, poor perifliing creatures. Again he 
cries, Turn ye to your GOD and SAVIOUR; that 
yc may be delivered from all your tranfgrellions, and 
iniquity may not be your ruin. To take away all 
your reluctance, he pleads, he expoflulates, ff^hy will 
ye die f why will ye dellroy yourfelves, and be un- 
done for ever ? That you may have no doubt of a 
free /pardon and a favourable reception, he J'wear s ; 
fwears by himiclf, by his own life and immortal per- 
fections, that he has no pleafttre in your death; but 
fhall rejoice, iniinitejy rejoice in your recovery and 

Here then you have the promife, the invitation, the 
oath of the LORD. Can there be greater encourage- 
ment ? will not this threefold cord draw you ? 
Should you lay, " I cannot turn ; I am tied and bound 
" with the chain of my corruptions. O! that CHRIST" 
Fear not : he will, he will He that lends his mi- 
nifter to give you this exhortation ; he that fends his 
SPIRIT to work this defirc in your foul ; he that fpilt 
his blood to obtain all bleffings for you ; he will put 
forth his ftrength, and turn you to himfelf. He 
ftretched his beneficent hand, and faved Peter from 
finking in the tempettuous fea. What he did for him 
is a pattern and a pledge of what he is ready to do 
for you. Only continue to feek his face ; let your 
heart talk of him ; let his unbounded goodnefs and 
almighty power before your eyes ; meditate on his in- 
finite propitiation and incomprehenfible merits ; con- 
fider his everlafting rightcoufnefs and never-ceafing 
interceffion ; look upon all thefe as your own. To 
look upon them as your own, you have a warrant, you 
have a command. And if CHRIST has done fo 
great things for you, you may alluredly believe, that, 
jn his due time, in his wife manner, he will bring you 
fpiritual health and cure; he will carry on what he has 
begun, and enable you to grow in grace. He will 


SER.III. O F H O L I N E S S. 85 

comfort your hearts, and flabliih you in every good 

Shall I proceed ? I have already been copious, per- 
haps ibmewhat tedious. Yet you will bear with me 
on this diftinguifhed and folemn occafion : yes, you 
will bear with me a little longer : for 1 am loath, very 
loath to difmifs you, without perfuading you. Per- 
fuading ! alas, I cannot. GOD, and none but GOD, 
can perjuade "jfaphcth * . However, as an inflrument in 
his all-powerful hand, let me addrefs you once again: 

I obierve feveral perlbns here, on this day of hu- 
miliation, who very rarely attend the public worfhip. 
Why, my friends, why do you wrong your own 
fouls? why do you withdraw yourft-lves from the 
preaching of the gofpel ? Know ye not, that JESUS 
pafjcth by f, in the way of his ordinances f Here you 
may, like Bartimeus of old, approach the Son of 
David ; here you may obtain faith and holinefs. Faith 
cometh by hearing, and holinefs by the word of 
GOD. And are not thefe bleifings worth your at- 
tendance ? can you live happily without them ? can 
you die comfortably without them ? or can you, 
without them, be prepared to meet your GOD, when 
he cometh to judge the world ? Why fhould you 
forfake the afTembling yourielves together ? Do you 
hear terrifying or diftreffing dodrines in this place ? 
is not this the houfe of praife, as well as of prayer ? 
does not \\~\z joyful Jound echo under thcf'c roofs : Is 
rot CHRIST fet forth crucified before your eyes ? 
crucified for fuch offenders as you ! crucified that 
iuch offenders as you may be pardoned, may be ac- 
cepted, may be glorified ? And will you defpilc fuch 
a divinely-compallionate SAVIOUR? will you re- 
fufc fuch aftonilhingly-rich mercies ? O ! that hcre- 
^after you may be glad when they Jay unto you , Let us 
'go into the courts of the LORD\. 


* Gen. ix. 27. -j- Matth. xx. 36. ^ Pf. cxxii i. 

86 T H E W A Y SER.!!!. 

Should my wifhes prove vain, I have at leaft deli- 
vered my me/Tage. If you pcrifli tlirotigh obflinacy 
and unbelief, I am clear from your blood. I call hea- 
ven and earth to witneis, you have been -warned, you 
have been inftrudcd, you have been exhorted. You 
cannot fay, you perifh for lake of knowledge ; tor 
life and falvation have been let before you, have been 
brought to your very door, and you arc importuned 
to lay hold of them. You will therefore be without 
excule, and have no cloke for your guilt. 

But why fhould I leave you with fuch melancholy 
apprehensions ? Let me hope better things of you ; 
let me hope that you will not difregard thej'e admoni- 
tions, however you may have difrcgarded too many ex- 
hortations of this kind. This is a remarkable day : 
O ! that it may be memorable on account of your 
turning to GOD. Let this be its diflinclion through 
all your future life ; let this be its diftinclion through 
all the ages of eternity : that you may fay, when 
death fummons you into the invifible flate ; when the 
trump of GOD calls you to the great tribunal ; when 
you mingle with faints and angels in the kingdom of 
heaven, " Bleffed be G O D for that folemn day, 
u and its facred exercifes ! That was the day of my 
11 better birth. Then 1 began to confider ; then I 
" began to pray ; then I began to fee my undone 
tc condition, and my extreme need of a SAVIOUR : 
"then too I faw JESUS^ giving himfelf a facrifice 
" for my fins, and redeeming me to G O D with his 
" blood." Happy! thrice happy ! inexpreilibly-hap- 
py day ! if thus^ if thus improved ! 

You have, I prcfume, abftained from your ufual 
food, as you have been joining in confeilion, fuppli- 
cation, and prayer. This is well done : but this is 
only half ; rather it is, by infinite degrees, the fmall- 
ell part of your duty. It is not faid, When the wicked 
man abflaineth from his ufual food ; but "when he turn- 
cthfrom his luickednefs, as the confequencc of his be- 


lieving in CHRIST. It is not faid, When the wick- 
ed man joins in pablic confeffion to GOD ; but when 
he doth that which is lawful and right, as a fruit of his 
fellowmip with CHRIST: THEN he tti*\\Jave he 
mall fave his foul he (hall fave his foul alive. O that 
all, from the king on the throne, to the labourer in 
the barn ; from the higheft nobleman, to the meaneft 
tradefman ; that all might now be inclined, now be 
enabled, to turn unto the SAVIOUR of the world. 
In him, millions, unnumbered millions of wretched 
iinners, have found recovery and liberty ; recovery 
from the death, and liberty from the bondage of (in. 
slnd (blefledbe his unbounded grace) yetthereis roem. 
Then the national fall would be a natio n al blelJing. 
Whereas, without this all-important turning to the 
adorable SAVIOUR, what will the formalities of our 
devotion fignify ? They will be a mere lip- labour, a re- 
ligious trifling : nay, they will be a folemn mockery of 
the ALMIGHTY, and provoke his abhorrence. Does 
not JEHOVAH himfelf fpeak to the fame purpofe ? 
// /'/ juch n faff that I have cho/en f a day for a man 
to afflitf his foul f if it to bow down his head as a bul~ 
rufli, and to fprcad Jackloth and ajhcs under him * f 
to difcontinue your ordinary bufineis, and refrain from, 
a meaPs meat ? to make a little doleful lamentation, 
and put up a few petitions extorted by fear ? Witt 
you call this a fajl f faith the high and holy One, with 
an air of fovereign contempt; this an acceptable 
day to the LORD f No verily : it is the moll odious 
hypocrify ; like crying, Hail mafter, with the tongue, 
while treachery and enuiity fill the heart : urd-.fs you 
turn to CHRIST, that you may be waflied, that you 
may be juflified, that you may be fanftifk-d ; that, ha- 
ving remiflion of fins through his blood, and peace of 
confcience through his grace, you may feel the bands 
of wickedncfs loofed, and may become the willing 
iervants of rightcoufncfs. 

* If. Iviii. 5. 


What is the or and tin of our nation ? Ignorance and 
negled of CHRIST. What is the caujc of all our o- 
tlier (ins ? Ignorance and neglect of C H R I S T. 
Why are the judgments of rhe ALMIGHTY hanging 
over our iiL':uU ? For ignorance and negledt of CHRIST. 
Never, therefore, lliaTl we anfvver the end of our fa- 
cred afleinbly, nor the dcfign of GOD's alarming vi- 
iitations, till we bjgin to know CHRIST, to receive 
CHRIST, to make uie of CHRIST by faith. When 
this is done, we may rcaibnably hope, that our 
prayers will go up with acceptance, and not return 
a^ain, till a blelling be fent ; that, as individuals, 
our light (hall break forth like the morning, and our 
health fh fdl J pring forth fpsedily ; that, as a commu- 
nity, the favour of GOD fliall go before us^ and the 
glory of the LORD fliall be our rereward *. 

Then may we look around on our moft enraged 
enemies, and lay with the Pfalmift, Though an hoft of 
men jhnuld encamp againft me^ yet fliall not my heart be 
ufraid\.- Then maywelook backward to the late de- 
iblating earthquake, and fay with the believers of old, 
COD if our refuge and ftrength; therefore will we not 
jsar, tfio' the earth be removed, and though the moun" 
tains be carried into the midft of the fea\. Then may 
we look forward to an incomparably more dreadful 
fcene, even to the righteous JUDGE, and the great 
tribunal, and fay with the triumphant apoflle, Who 
J':(di lay any thing to our charge? It is GOD that juf- 
tifitth i who /hall condemn us f If is CHRIST that died || . 

Let me intreat you therefore, brethren, for the fake 
of your own immortal fouls, and for the welfare of 
oar end-ingered nation ; let me charge you by all that 
is definable in time, and awful in eternity, not to ne- 
glecl thefe couniels. Being fo folemnly reproved, if 
you harden your neck^ your deftruclion cometh iudden- 

* K. Iviii. 8. f Pfal. xxvii. 3. 

^ Pfal. xlvi. r, 2. |j Rom. viii. 33, 34, 


]y, and that without remedy *. Having thcfe warnings 
from the divine word, and warnings from the divine 
providence, if ye Jlill do wickedly ; it is not man, it 
is not an angel, it is GOD HIMSELF who de- 
clares, Te/hall be confumed cvenyc your country* 
and your king f. 

* Prov. xxix. f -f i Sam. xii. 25. 

VOL. V. N 21- M 


The Crofs of CHRIST the Chriflian's 


Preached at the vifhation of the Rev. John 
Brown, D. D. Archdeacon of Northampton, 
held at All Saints church in Northampton, on 
the loth of May 1753. 

GAL. vi. 14. 

GOD forbid that I flwuld glory, fave in tfo crofs of 

THE crofs of C H R I S T was the favourite topic 
of St Paul's contemplation : the crofs of 
CHRIST was the choleri fiibject of his ferrnons, and 
the grand theme of his writings. At all times, and 
in every capacity, he profeffcd, he avowed, he glo- 
ried in the crofs of CHRIST. Nay, what is very re- 
markable, he gloried in nothing elfe ; and, what is 
fit 11 more obfervable, he abhorred the thought of 
glorying in any thing elfe. He fpeaks of iiich a 
practice in the language of deteftation and dread, ac- 
counting it a high degree both of folly and of wick- 
dnefs : GOD forbid that I fliould ylory^fave in the 
crofs of our LORD JESUS CHRIST. ' 
It may therefore be an employ worthy of our pre- 



ient attention, to inquire into the nature, the reafon- 
ablenefs, and the luifdom of this refolution. All which, 
I hope, will appear, if we confider, 

I. In what the apoftle would not glory, 

II. In what he did glory. 

HI. What reafon he had to glory in the crofs of 

Thefe points being briefly difpatched, I fhall beg 
leave to add a word of application, fuggefted by the 
tenor of the difcourfe, and adapted to the circum- 
ftances of my feveral hearers. And may that adorable 
JESUS, who has exchanged his crofs for an hea- 
venly crown, accompany all with his divine blejjlng ! 

Let us then inquire, 

I. In what the apoftle did not glory .-Not in the 
grcatnefs of his learning, as a fcholar. He was brought 
tip at the feet of Gamaliel ; educated by the mofl fa- 
mous tutor of the age. Nor was his genius, or his 
induftry, inferior to the other advantages of his edu- 
cation. Yet all thefe advantages, with their corre- 
fpondent acquisitions, he accounted no better than 
pompous ignorance, or refined folly. 

Not in theftritfnefs of his life, as a Jew.^ In this 
refpccl: he profited above his equals ; was taught ac- 
cording to the perf eft manner of the law of the fathers*^ 
after the Jtritfeft fett of their religion he lived a Pha- 
rijee \. : was zealous, exceedingly zealous, of the 
whole ceremonial law, and of all the traditional con- 
ftitutions. Which accomplifhments mult finifti his 
chara&er among his countrymen ; muft open his way 
.to fome of the nrfl honours of the nation ; and give 
him a name among thofe worthies, who were reputed 
it he excellent of the earth. But what others counted 
gain, this he counted lofs for C H R I S T. 

, M 2 Not 

* Afts xxii. 3. -f Afts xxvi. $ t 


Not in the eminency of his gifts , nor in the extent 
of his ufefulnejs, as a Chriftian minifter. He had been 
caught up into the third heaven ; had heard the words 
of G O D, and feen the vifion of the ALMIGHTY j 
had wrought all manner of wonders, and figns, and 
mighty deeds. -r- What was ftill more valuable, he had 
planted churches, and converted fouls. His labours 
were gone out into all lands, and his words into the 
ends of the earth. Yet all thefe acquirements, before 
..the infinite GOD, were defetfive; all thefe perform- 
ances, in point ofjurtification, wcreinfufficient* There- 
fore, in none of thofe he gloried. Which reminds 
me of the lecond inquiry ; 

II. In what the apoftle did glory. He gloried in a 
crofs. Strange ! What fofcandalous as a crofs ? On 
a crofs rebellious flaves were executed. The crofs 
was execrable among men, and accurfed even by 
GOD*. Yet the apoftle glories in the crofs. Cru- 
cifixion not being ufed among us, the exprefiion does 
not found fo harfli, neither is the idea fo horrid. But 
to the ear of a Galatian, it conveyed much the fame 
meaning, as if the apoftle had gloried in a halter, glo- 
ried in the gallows, gloried in a gibbet f . 

" Stupid 
* Gal. Hi. 13. 

f- Some perfons, I am informed, were difgufted at thefe 
words, halter, gallows, gibbet; they are fo horribly cojitemp- 
ible ! To whom I would reply, that the crofs, in point of 
ignominy and torment, included all this and more,. Unlefs the 
Englifh reader forms to himfelf fome fuch image, he will ne- 
ver be able to apprehend the fcandalon$ nature and (hocking 
circurndances of his divine Matter's death. 

The words, I inuft confefs, were divetfified, and the fenti- 
TBent was reiterated, on purpofe to affect the mind with this 
aftoniihing truth. Neither can I prevail upon myfelf to ex- 
punge the expreflions ; unlefs I could fubftitute others of a 
more ignominious and execrable import. Only I would beg of 
the ferious reader, to fpend a moment in the following reflec- 


" Stupid creature/' perhaps fome may reply, " to 
" undervalue the mod fubftantial endowments, and 
" glory in infamy itfelf !" But ftop a moment, and 
hear the apoftle farther, He glories in the crofs of 
CHRIST ; that illuftrious peribn, who was anointed 
to be the all-'inftructing Prophet, the all-atoning 
Prieft, and the all- conquering King of the church. 
In the crofs of CHRIST JESUS ; who, by the dif- 
charge of all thofe important offices, mould fave his 
people from the dominion of fin, and from the dam- 
nation of hell. In the crofs of CHRIST JESUS our 
LORD ; and not ours only, but LORD or all : who 
doth according to his will, jn the army of heaven, 
and among the inhabitants of the earth * ; ivho hdth 
on his venture ) and on his thigh^ a name writ ten, KING 


And is it poflible for any human heart to contem- 
plate the crofs of fq divine a being, and not to glory ? 
Is it poflible to fay, Angels, he rules over you ; but he 
died) he died on a crojs for me ; and not exult in fwch 
traniporting beneficence : This will be more evi- 
dent, if we examine. 

III. What reafon the apoftle had to glory in the crofs 
of C H R I S T. The crofs, though in itfelf an igno- 
minious tree; yet being the crofs of CHRIST, is in- 
finitely ennobled. It becomes the tree of life; it bears 
the divined fruit ; its clutters are all fpiritual and 
heavenly bleffings. Two or three of thofe cluflers you 
will permit me to fdeet ; and may the G O D of all 
mercy make them better than a feaft to every humble 


tion : u Is it fo, that a polite and delicate ear can hardly en- 
" dure fo much as the/bund of the worJs ? How amazing then 
*' was the condefcenlion ! how charming and adorable the 
-* 4 goodnefs of GOD's illuftrious Son, to bear all that is figni- 
t* fied by theft: intolerjhly-vile rerms! bear it iuil/ing/y y bear 
t* it chearfully, for us men, and our falvdtum !" 

* Dan. iy. 35. -f Kev. xix. 16. 


One blcfling is the pardon of Jin : the pardon of all 
fin, original and aftual ; iin that is remembered, and 
lir. that is forgotten ; fin, however circumstanced, or 
however aggravated. The pardon of all was purcha- 
fed by the death of CHIUST ; completely purcha- 
led : fo that, againft the true believer, fin (hall never 
rife up in judgment ; Jfiall not Jo much as be mentioned 
unto him */ {hall be done away, as though it had never 
been. For thus faith the ambaflador of the Prince of 
peace, Be it known untQ you, men and brethren, that 
through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness 
of Jins ; and by him all that believe are juftifiedfrom 
all things f ." Oh,, my foul ! my guilty foul ! what 
are all the kingdoms of the world, and the glories of 
them, compared with this ineffable blefling I Yet this 
is but one among a multitude. 

Another benefit, accruing from the crofs of CHRIST, 
is reconciliation with COD. When we were enemies , 
ivc were reconciled to GOD by the death of his Son J, 
Not pardoned only, but accepted ; from a (late of en- 
mity, reftored to a ftate of favour; even that favour 
'which is better than life \\ . A privilege of fuch fuper- 
lative excellency, that it was celebrated in the hymns 
of angels. When the heavenly hoft uttered a fong, 
this was the fubjeft of their harmonious joy ; Glory 
beta GOD in the highejl ; and on earth peace, good-will 
towards men . "By the birth of this wonderful 
* c child, and the death he (hall fuftain, peace is made 
" between heaven and earth : and not peace only, but 
44 a divine friendship ^ commences. GOD regards 

" the 

* Ezek. xviii. 22. -f* Afts xiii. 38, 39. 

:[: Rom. v. 10. Jl'Pfal. Ixiii. 3. Luke ii. 14. 

# There feems to be a beautiful gradation in this angelic 

hymn. Good-will is more expretlive, and denotes a richer blef- 

iing, than peace. The original EuJWia is a word of the mofta- 

miable and noble meaning. It fignifies a very high cjlccm, and 

a -very tender benevolence. By a word of the fame import, 

the almighty Father exprefles his infinite fatisfa&ion in the 


" the poor apoftate race of men, not only without 
" indignation, but with complacency and delight. 
44 He rejoices over them to do them good *" 

Another benefit is holine/s ; or, if you pleafe, the 
true, the Chriftian morality. Let none think, the be- 
liever in JESUS difparages true morality. True mo- 
rality is the image of the bleffed GOD; it is moft 
charmingly delineated throughout the whole Bible ; 
it is the beginning of heaven in the human foul ; and 
its proper origin is from the crofsof our divine Matter. 
For, through the merits of his death, iinners are 
made partakers of the Holy Spirit ; who writes upon 
their hearts, and makes legible in their converfation, 
what was anciently written upon the mitre of the high 
prieft, HOLINESS TO THE LORD. And oh! what a 
motive is the crofs of C H R I S T to the exercife of 
every virtue! Hedied; wyLoRD^zyJu D G E,wyKiNG r 
died; to redeem me from all iniquity, andmake mezealou? 
of good ivor ks. How powerfully, far beyond any na~ 
ked injlruttions , orabftratt rea/oningS)dofuch confide- 
rations invite us, urge us, conflrain us j*, to re- 
nounce all ungodlinefs, and adorn the gofpel of GOD 

Another bleiling is victory over death. This alfo is 


perfon and undertaking of his beloved Son. Matth. iii. 17. 

Would my reader have the livelieft parapbrafe on this paf- 
fage, or fee the acYmgs of this divine complacency defcribed 
\vithinimitable delicacy; let him attend to the prophet Zepha- 
niah; Tf)f LOKD thy GOD, in the midjl of thec, is mighty, lie 
isiltfave; he -will rejoice over thec -with joy ; he will reft in hi-s. 
love ; he -will joy over thec with Jinging, ch. iii. 1-7. 
* Deut. xxviii. 63. -j- 2 Cor. v. 14. 

Religion 1 thou the foul of happincfs ; 
And, groaning Calvary, of thee 1 There fhine 
The nobleft truths ; there (trongeft motives fting I 
- There facred violence alTauks the foul ; 
There nothing but cowpuljitn is forborn 

Night-Thoughts, N Q IV. 


the fruit of that once detefted, but now ever beloved 
tree. For thus it is written, That, through death, he 
might deflroy him that had the power of death, that is 
the devil; and deliver them ivho, through fear of death, 
were all their life-time j'ubjeti to bondage*. The de- 
vil is laid to have the power of death ; becauic, by 
tempting too luccefsfully Our firfl: parents, he brought 
death into the world ; becaufe, by tempting their po- 
terity to fin, and too often prevailing, he arrays death 
in horror ; he arms death with its fling. But CHRIST, 
by expiating our guilt, has dilarmed this laft enemy ; 
has taken away its fting ; and made it not lofs, but 
gain to die\. The gay, -and the healthy, know not 
how to form an eftimate of this deliverance : nor can 
any words of mine defcribe it with proper energy. 
Go to dying beds ; there you will learn its true worth. 
Afk fomc agonizing friend ; he, and he alone, can tell 
you, what a bleffing it is, to have the king of terrors 
converted into a mefTcnger of peace. 

One bleffing more 1 would mention, and earneftly 
wim it, in due time, to all my hearers ; an entrance in- 
to heaven. This too is the produce of our REDEEM- 
ER'S crofs. St John faw a bright affembly of happy 
beings, clothed with white robes, and palms in their 
hands, rejoicing before the throne of GOD. Thefe, 
faid one of the venerable elders, are they -who came out 
of great tribulation, and have wa/tied their robes, and 
made them -white in the bloodofthe LA MB. THERE- 
FORE are they before the throne \. They came out of 
great tribulation: they fuffered, it is probable, in the 
iervice of CHRIST : perhaps they laid down their lives 
for his fake. But this was not their pafTport into the 
regions of blifs. They waflied their robes in the blood of 
the LAMB\ they had applied to their own fouls the 
merits and atonement of the crucified J E S U Si By 
this means they were prefented without fpot and 

blamelefs ; 


* H.b. ii. 14, 15. 

f Philip, i. 2r. Rev. vii. 9, 14, i. 


blamclefs ; on this account they were admitted to 
" fee the King of heaven in his beauty * ;" and 10 be 
ever, ever with tiie LORD. 

Since then the crois of CHRIST wss demonftrativc 
ofiuchftupendous luve ; iinceit isprudiiCtivt of benefits 
innumerable, invaluable, and eternal ; was there not 
a cauje for the apoftle to glory on this behalf \ Nay, 
might not the very f tones have cried out, to reproach 
him with infcnjibility and ingratitude, if he had neglect- 
ed to glory in the crofs of C H R 1 S I ? Aittl inice 
this love was (hewed, thele benefits were proem ed, 
not for him only, but for .>, and for all generations ; 
does not this afford me an opportunity of applying 
the doctrine to each particular hearer I 

1. Let me addrefs, or rather let me congratulate, 
my brethren in the miniflry. Though you cannot con- 
trol the laws of nature ; though you cannot fee into 
the fecrets of futurity ; you have the iame caufe of 
glorying with the very chiefeft of the apoflles ; a 
caufe of glorying, which that holy man of GOD 
efteemed far above all fuch miraculous abilities. You 
have the crois of CHRIST, 

For youry?<^, as men ; 
For your hope as Chriftians ; 
For your preaching^ as minijlers* 

For yourftudy, as men. Here the reasoning facul- 
ties, may exert thcmfelves with evcrlalHng improve- 
ment, and eveilafting delight. Here we contemplate 
the wonders, the unparelieled wonders of a GOD 
made man ; dying as a pattern of patience, as a m ir~ 
tyr for truth, as an all- perfect facrifice for fin H re 
the LORD JEHOVAH hath fuily granted, wh; t 
his fcrvant Moles "f ib carneflly rcquefled ; he hatli 

* If. xxxiii. 17. -j- Exod. xxxiii. *8. 

Vet. V. N 2r. N 


made fill h'n ?/ory to pail, before the attonifljcd eyes of 
an<r 1 in-! r>fm< n. Here Juliet has kt her molt aw- terrors in array ; even v.'iiik /pears, with 

inexpre'.iible iovelincir,, and r hemoft attractive beauty. 
Here 7V.'/.'<v-, more unfh.ik-n than a rock, tak< s lier 
im nova: U 1 Hand ; ,md Merc-', t n.lercr th.m the mo- 
ther's tear, yearns with bowl.; of everlafting pity 
In a word, the croft of CHRIS T is a conspicuous 
theatre, on which dl the divine pertecVhtns unite, 
and harmonize, and iiiinc forth witli triiiiiccndtnt 

Ac. Cftriftians, we have, in the crofs of C II R J S T, 
i[\crich"fi provijion for our own fpiritual wants. This 
is a foundation of the iu'.li:ncil hope, and a fountain 
oftheiiiott exuberant joy : this affords matter for 
the decpell humility, and yields fuel for the molt fia- 
niinp; love. Faith in our crucified JESUS is an ever- 
aclive principle of the moft chcarful and exacl obedi- 
ence ; is an ample and inexhauftible map 3 azine, from 
which we may fetch arms to conquer, abibJutely con- 
quer the allurements of the world, the folicitations 
of the flefh, and the temptations of the devil. By 
this a way is opened for us info the holy of holies ; and 
what may we not venture to afk, what may we not 
expcdl to receive, who have the blood of the everlaft- 
ing covenant to plead, in all our approaches to the 
throne of grace ; Having therefore Jncli an high 
prieft ; having in his crols, un(ea chable riclu.s.; who 
fhall make our glorying void ? what (hall hinder us 
from rejoi ring and laying ? 4 ' Blrfled be GOD for 
44 thefe opening beauties of fpring ! blelfed be G O D 
*' for the expecled fruits of autumn ! bit-fled be GOD 
u for ten thouiand thoufand gifts of his indulgent 
" provi-'ence 1 but ab;>ve all, blcffed be GOD for the 
tc crofs of CHRIST!" 

As nvnidsrs of the goipel, we are not left to fet be- 
fore our hear rsa iyflrm of refined Heathcnijm ; or to 
entertain them with cold jpiritlefs IcAurcs of v.rtue. 



No ; we have the infinitely tender iove, \\\ei mmcnftly- 
free grace, of the bleeding, dying I MM A NU EL, to 
difplay to improve to enforce. And is there atopic 
in tuc <iViK)ic compai's of oratory, is there an argument 
amidit uli the itores of region, ib admii ably calculated 
to touch \.\\zfineft movements of the ioul ? to itrike ail 
the /,.-;/;(,// Jpr: 'tig; of action, with the molt pfriiialive, 
the molt commanding energy ; Would we alarm the 
or intimidate the prejumptuous ? we may call 
them to behold GOD's own Son weltering in blood, 
GOD's own Son transfixed with the arrows of juftice : 
we may bid them eoniider, if judgment begins with 
the immaculate MEDIATOR, wuere (hall ihe ir- 
reclaimable (inner appear ? how will he ejcapc the 
llroke \ how bear the weight of GOD's everlaftiog 
vengeance? Would we comfort the dtftrcljedf we 
may point them to an atonement, whoie merits are 
inlinite, and able to lave to the very uttermoft *: we 
may lead them to a rigiitcoufnefs, whole efficacy is un- 
bounded, and iuiiiuent to juliify the ungodly. And 
what Lalm can be ib ibverejgn for a wounded conici- 
cnc' ? Are we toiupport the weak, and aubnate tne 
doubting* here we may (hew them promiies, free pro- 
miles |, exceeding great ami precious prothi&s, ratifi- 
ed by the oath of J h H O V'*.H, and fcalcd by the 
blood of his Son. Ami what cordial* can be ib reflo- 
rative to the drooping Chriitian ; 

In fhort, the docirine of the crofs is fuited to an- 
fwer ail the great end) of our minilby, an i promote 
all the truly v >lic'hl" interests of our people. Jtly this 
the HOLY SPiillT delights to work : and this, O 
Satan, flidl be ttiy plague j tiiis, O tin, Jliall b. thy de- 

* Hcb. vii. 25. 

^ To man the bleeding crrls ha^ promis'd all: 
T'te biecdi'ig ciols has Iworn eternal prace : 
Who gave his lite, what grace Will he deny ? 

Night- Thoughts, N IV 


flrutfion *. However, therefore, the crofs might be 
to the Jews a Humbling block, and to the Giceks 
fooliihueis ; GOD forbid thai iuc (hould j.dory in any 
thing tile ! Let this be \\\es/!pha and Omega, the be- 
ginning and ending j-, of all our fublic ministrations. 
J-et us leave a favour of this knowledge, which is 
far better than precious ointment, in every private 
company 1 Let it appear, from all our converiation, 
thnt the affcdions of our heart, and the labours of our 
life, are devoted, wholly devoted to our adored RE- 
DE&MhR's crofs.- Happy the people who aie under 
the care offuch miniflcrs ! and blejj'ed\\\e, nrinijlerswl\o 
walk according to this rule ! 

2. Let me exhort all true believers ; thofe who are 
vile in their own eyes, and to whom CHRIST alone 
is precious. Remember, brethren, what is written in 
the prophet: it is a dcicription of your itate ; it is a 
dirfdl on for your conduct. In the LORD, the 
LORD JE6US CHRIST,/*/// all thf Jccd oj JJrael 
be juftified, and in him ftiall they glory \, 

Let none fay that religion is a. gloomy or uncomforta- 
ble itate ; I call upon you this day to rrjoicc {J . Let none 


* Hoi', xiii. 14. 

f The author who cnnld write the fpirited and wrighty lines 
which follov., muii doubtlefs have had chis cunvtdic-n deep oil 
his heart. 

Thau, my all ! 

Mv theme ! my ir.fniration ! and my crown ! 

JVly flrengih in a^e ! n y rTe in low tfta e ! 

My loul's ambition, i/le.fure, wealth ! my world ! 

My light ;n ciaikn' Is ! .md my 1'fe in dtaih I 

My h -aft :hrMi' : 'h time ! hi .is thrcngh err miry J 

~$A)' fati'ificc .' iny G U D I What things are ;hefe ! 

i\ignt Thought , Ko IV, 
j:If. xlv. 25. 

I] 'Tis this m^ikes Chrifiian t /'r/>/' a command ! 
'Tis this makes j> y a duty to tht w'fe 

JXight Thoughts, 


fay that religion is a mean or defpicailc thing ; I call 
upon you this day to glory , and have the drvinc au- 
thority for both *. You will dilhonour the bleffrd 
JESUS, you will dilparagc his fur puffing excellency, 
if you do not conjiile i.-i him, and make your boujl of 
him. C M a 1 S T is King of hcavtn, C H R 1 5 T is 
Judge of the world, CHRl^T is GOD over all. And 
oijmh A SAVIOUR fhall we not glory ? Yes, venly; 
and in ail, and on every occaiion. 

Amidlh your manifold in fir mitiej, glory in i.HRiST. 
For, though he was cruciiied in weaknels, he hath all 
power in heaven arid earth. Ard it is written before 
him, it is one of his immutable decrees,//;* //ic.U not 
have dominion over you |. Amidft your various /<<//- 
ings, glory in CHRIST. For his righteouineii: co- 
vers all your imperfections, his i ightcoulhels fecures 
you from wraih and cos damnation ; and, though dc- 
iicient in youritlves, you ai e complete in him J. Un- 
der the p refill re of tribulations, lift up your heads, and 
glory in the crols; becauiV theOaptain of 'youriilvation 
was made perfect through fufferings. If you i'uifrr 
with him, you fliall alio reign with him. N And the 
fuffcrings of this preier.t time arc not worthy to be 
compared with the huppineis which CHRIST hath 
purchaie.l with his agonies, and will quickly beftow 
on his j)eople. VViien acath approaches, <Jeath, that 
cuts ort the i'i irit of princes, and is terrible among 
the king* of the earth; do you (till glrry i-. t}ic crols. 
Adncring to this banner, ycu may boldly and tri- 
u:n;jtidntly fjy, f J d ////, inhere it tky /ting? ( J vravc, 
tliy victory || f When that great, tremendous 


ta,, the word in our text, denotes the acl of rejoi- 
cing, ;) s Bellas of g'orying. )"liu> r. is tranflited, HoiA. . it. 
And m<! .tl this it always implies. bctrPlal. v. n. Pi;:l. cxlix. 
5. b-f>t. trunjl 

T ^ ' vi. 14 ^ C.:I. ii. ro. 

P i Cor. xv. 55. This is evidently the Uuguage ut a 


fifty fliall conic, which puts an end to time and terref- 
trial things ; when tiiat axvf'ul that niajeflic -voice is 
heard, which commands ail the ia<_e of Adam to ap- 
pear at the bar; //;<, my dear brethren in CHKlbT^ 
then a Kb (hallow glory in the crois. When others, 
in an agony of terror, call upon rocks to fall on them, 
and mountains to ovei whelm them ; this mall be your 
ledate appeal ; rather, this (hall b; yvur heroic chal- 
lenge ; l-iho/tiall lay any thing to the charge of G OD's 
f! ;' ? It is GOD'that jitjt ijietk; n ho is he that con- 
demneth* It h CHRiSTthat died *. '1 hen (hall you 
enter the harbour of eternal reft ; not like a (liipwreck- 
ed mariner cleaving to Tome broken plark, and hard- 
ly elcaping the raging waves ; but like iome itately 
ve{frl, with all her iails expanded, and riding before a 
profperous gilc f . 

g. Let me caution the f( If- righteous : thofe who 
more" frequently think of their own piety than of 
CtiRtST's obedience; are more apt to cry out with 
the Phaiifee, lamn<> extortioner, no adulterer ; than to 
confeis with the publican, 6 OZ>, be merciful to me a 


gueror, addreflfcd to fome/orw/VdM', but varquijhed enemy. 
We fiial! to tn no improper idea of this figuificant and beauti- 
ful pafM^f, it we piflure to ourfelves the good a-poille, m the 
att.iudt- of Hi.bre^v caftains, who frt their teet on the 
necks ot the five Lanaamtifti kinj, Joih x. ^4 If \ve iup- 
potc ^im, ir, i'ach a poliure, to urter ihis animated exclamation, 
cr rnther this pi'jtts injult, over the two praiul, but pr citrate 
ad-errar:es of wai:k;r,d; k ' dtath^ "where is vow thy jt^ng, 
* l fjnce L II K. I ^ 1 has expiated lip, by :he l^ci ifict or iiim- 
** teif ? grave, -where is now thy vitfoty, lince G/fR/oT 
w is both men himf.'It, and iiab afce; tain^d to hit people a joy- 
*' tul refurrcction ?" * Koiu. viii. 33, 34. 

f bt Peter's cxprcrfion ??,; *>.*m-i nftxepn-yrtwrn, it perhaps 
too nervous, and tc-o n ble to -dmit of an ad-quate tranfla- 
ti n. The above companion u>, ' tin; k, a very pertinent il- 
Juttration of tl-d 1 care lentimciit, 2 d :re delightful doctrine. 
A il'ij wa'ied ii'.to e purr, undcv the fn I influence ot wind 
aid :'e fenir- c> afford the finetl repi f iVntation of a 
a rich., an abundant entrance. 4 Pec. i. 11. 


firmer, What (hall I fay to thefc perfons ? Let me 
not be thought cenforious, when my only aim is to be 
J-iithful. Beware, I befec-ch you, beware, lelt you build 
for eternity, not on a rock, but on the Jand However 
yo i may appear in your own light, before the ad ruble 
majefty of the everhiting GOD, before the conl'um- 
mate perfection of his holy law, you are lets than no- 
thing, you are worfe than nothing : you are, indeed 
yu are, deficiency and fin. Renounce, therefore, 
renounce all dependence on felf. Truit no longer in 
a refuge of lies ; lead all'your admired attainments, 
at the day of final retribution, be \\kefrrazu, and hay^ 
and (lubhie, in Nebuchadnezzar's burning fiery fur- 
nace. Imitate the bleifed penman of my text. Are 
you hlamelefs in your external carriage ? ib was he. 
Are you exemplary in many points ? fo was he. 
Yet all this riglueoufnefs he accounted but dun% for the 
excellency of the knowledge of CHRIST JESUS hit 
LORD *. Be this your pattern. Write emptineff 
upon your own duties, emptinejx upon your own works ;. 
and you fhall he filled with all the fulncft of GOD 
your S A V 1 O U 11. Every other cauie of glorying 
will be like the morning cloud, or the e.irly d<w, 
which p<i[J':-th away-\: but this c:uife of glorying will 
jtand f(ft for evermore as the moon^ and as the faith" 
ful witnsfs in heaven \. 

Can I conclude, without adding a word of admo~ 
nition to the wicked? thole, I mean, who are ene- 
mies to the crofs of C H II I S T ; who mind earthly 
things, but neither hunger nor third after rjohteouf- 
nHs. My foul remembers the wormwood and the 
gall of iuch a ftate, and canr.ot but tenderly pity 
thefe unhappy people. Alas! my friends, what have 
ym to glory in ? The devil and his angrls expert ere 
long to glory in your de(lruc~tion. 'I hole malignant 
fijends are eying you as their prey, and arc impatient 


* Phil. iii. 8. f Hof, vi. 4. % Pf. Ixxxix. 37. 


to bcpin your torment. Great, incxprcflibly great is 
yo'.ir danger : the LORD Almighty open your eyes 
to dilcero it. N evert heleis, youi cak- is notdtiperate. 
Yon nifty yet be delivered, " as a bird out of the inarc 
44 of v the unvlei." Look unto the crucified JESLS. 
Why does he lung on thnt bloody tree ? ivhy are his 
hands piencd with iron ? why is his body racked with 
pain ? ivhy his hciirt torn with anguilh ? it is for you, 
iinncrs, for you. That blood is poured out, to cleanic 
you from j?nilt ; thole wounds are fuftainod, to hcul 
yor canfciences ; that anguilh i:, endured, TO obtain 
rr(l for your I'mls. In that mangled botly time I Is all 
the fulntjs of the Godhead *. Great, beyond imagi- 
nation great, is the merit 'of 'hole iulferings. Wiry 
then, O ! why will you die ? why will you perifli for 
ever, who have an all~jufficient propitiation in the 
crois of CH \l:S T ? Fiy to this 1 'ancillary : fly before 
it be too late : fly, without a moment's delay. "Tis an 
inviolable funcluiii-y. None ever pci ifhed that fled by 
f.iirh to the compaflionatc, the divintly covipfijjiunutc 
REDEEM ,Mi. His death fh,ill be a full iatisfaaion 
for your iniqui'.ifs. A lenie of his immeniely rich 
goodnefs (hall win your afFe&icma ; fliall incline (what 
a!j Mie thneatcnings of damnation could never effect,) 
fl'JI incline you to/W/// your iins, and to love his i'tr- 
yic" ; mall fmooth your path, and expedite your pro- 
grcfs. to the regions of immortal honour and joy. 

Having now, with preat plainnefs of fpeech, ad- 
dreifed my brethren in the miniftry; having exhorted 
believers cautioned ^\\c JclJ-Hghteotu^ and warned the 
'Wirki-il; 1ft me comtr.cnd the whole to yourjerious re- 
coUfCfion^ and to G O D's gracious benediction. And, 
" O L O R O n.-oft ho!v ! \) G O D mod mighty ! O 
<u holy and merciful vSAVIOUR ! by thine apony and 
<;t bloody fweat by thy crojs and pctj/ion" let not 
rjhc word now fpoken be in vain in the LORD! 
and amen* 

* Col. ii, , 


Mini/try of Reconciliation : reprcfenting the be- 
.nign tendency oj the go/pel; and that it is the 
friendly office of mini/lers, as the ambajjadors of 
Chrift, toprejs men, 'with allimaginabletendernejs, 
humility, and earneftnejs, to accept the treaty of 
reconciliation, as efiablijhed in him^ and urged by 
him, 'while on earth. 

We are ambafjadors for Chrift, as though Goddid\>t- 
feech yon by us: We pray you, in Chrift's ftead, be 
ye reconciled unto God. 2 Cor. v. 20. 


AS this is a pofthumous piece, it may be neceflary to ob- 
ferve, for the latisfaftion of the public, that Mr Her- 
vey was, many years ago, folicited to print tiiis ferinon, by le- 
veral who heard it; but as he was a man of great modefty, 
and bad not then appeared as an author, he could not at that 
time be prevailed on, by any folicitations, to comply with their 
requelt. However, at a particular friend's ddire, he tran- 
fcribed it from his rtiort hand copy, and gave it to him. 
Some years atterwards, this friend deiired Mr Hervey to revife 
h, with a view of its being published; which (in conjunction 
with a very eminent divine) he accordingly did ; and then re- 
turned ihe copy to his friend; telling him, that as the Me- 
ditations on the tomb*) &c. had been fo well received, he had 
no-w no objection againft publiihing it, with lome other fer- 
jnous ; and that he might one day or another require it of" 
Vot. V. N2!. O him 


him again for that purpofe. This fermonis printed from that 
very copy ; and Mr Htrvcy himfelf woultl probably have added 
it to the volume which contains his four lermons, had he hap- 
pened to recollect that it was in the poflellion of a friend who 
would willingly have relinquiihed it to its author for publica- 

2 COR. v. 18. 

things are ofCOD^ -who hath reconciled us to him- 
Jelf by JESUS CHRIST, and hath given to 
us the minijlry of reconciliation. 

THE love of God, that fupremely-glorious, and 
fupremely gracious Being, is, of" all other tem- 
pers, the moft delightful and divine ; a facred flower, 
which, in its early bud, is happinefs, and, in its full 
bloom, is heaven. To pknt this noble principle in 
the breaft, to cultivate its growth, and bring it to ma- 
turity, is the grand end of" all religion, and the gen^- 
nine fruit of faith unfeigned. Angels are happy, be- 
caufe the love of GOD triumphs eternally, and with- 
out a rival in their exalted affections *. irue belie- 
vers are happy, becaufe the love of GOD, in a pre^- 
vailing degree, is filed abroad in their hearts. The 
gofpel is a difpenfation of happinefs, becaufe it dif- 
covers the fuperabundarit loving-kindnefs of GOD to 
man, and uiges the molt engaging motives for our 
ardent love to his almighty Majcfty. 

The gofpel reprefents the great GOD, not only as 


* To be gwd is to be happy i Angels are happier than 
men, becaufe they are better. 

Guilt is the fource of for row ; 'tis the fiend, 

Th* avenging fiend, who follows us behind 

With whips ii'd iim^s ; the kiefs' d know none of thls^ 

ui reft in eyerlalting peaCt of mind. Row?. 


be/lowing upon his creatures all the good they enjoy, 
but as effecting their reconciliation to his own ado- 
rable felf ; effecting this mod defirable of all bleflirigs, 
not barely by vouchsafing a pardon, but a pardon pro- 
cured by the death of his Son ; and, by this enriching 
circumstance, infinitely enhanced ; arrayed in all the 
charms that heaven itielf could give. To render the 
purpofes of his love more effectual and extenfive, he 
has instituted an order of men to publifh thefe glad 
tidings ; and to invite, yea to beieech the world, to 
partake the exceeding riches of his grace. All which 
the apoftle has exprefTed in my text, with his ufual 
energy and concifenefs ; All things are of G ( jD, iuh>) 
hath reconciled us to himjelf by JES US CHRIS T 9 
and hath given to us the mini/try of reconciliation. 

From which words, permit me, with all that iim- 
plicity which becomes a minilter of the humble J E- 


I. To enlarge a little upon that glorious and ami- 
able reprefentation of the blefTed GOD, discoverable 
even by the light of nature, AIL thing* are of him. 

II. To remind you, how much more illuftrioufly 
the delightful attributes of the DEITY are difplayerl 
in the accomplifiiment of our redemption ; in that he 
hath reconciled us to himjelf by JESUS CHRIST 

III. To obferve the benign import and beneficial 
tendency of the gofpel-miniitry, expreffed in that re- 
markable claufe, He hath given to us the miniftry of 

Firft, Then let me enlarge a little upon that glo- 
rious and amiable reprefentation of the blefTed GOD, 

difcovcrable even by the light of nature, ^411 1 kings 
are of him. Heaven, and the heaven of heavens arc 
his, with all their hods. Thrones and dominions, 
principalities and powers, all the happy beings, that 

Jit at the fountain-head of felicity, were produced by 
his power, and are Supplied with bleflings from his 
fcand, arc filled with joy from his countenance. If 

O a we 


we trace the various emanations of comfort and ad- 
vantage that refrelh our lower world, we fhall tind 
realbn to acknowledge witn the Pialmift, " All our 
" frtfh iprings are in GOD." The day is thine, lays 
the lame iacred writer, and the night is thine ; thou 
ha{l prtp;ic- .1 ih- light and the iiin. The magnificent 
luminaries in the fky, arc tamps of the LORD ; hung 
up on high, to dilpenle tlie chearing gift of light a- 
midlt all, the families of nature. The interchanges of 
night and day, with the viciflitudcs of revolving fea- 
ions, arc his miniftcrs ; all lent on errands of kind- 
ntu, and bringing the valuable prefents in their 
hands. The innumerable vai iety of living creatures, 
and of nutrimental vegetables, are the portion, not 
which our own indufby has procured, but which our 
heavenly Father's bounty has fettled upon us. 

Every great endowment, beftowed on the children 
of men ; every noble achievement, accomplished by 
renowned perfonages ; theie derive their original from 
the uncreated Fountain of perfection and of power. 

If Solomon is poflrfTed of ei'larged wifdom, and 
kingly qualities ; he cxprefsly acknowledges, it is from 
the LORD, iuperintending human affairs, that inch 
kings are advanced to reign ; and by the LORD en- 
lightening their minds, that flich princes decree juf- 
tice. If, at one peri >d, Nebuchadnezzar purfucs his 
conquefts with irrefiflible impf tuofity, it is to fcourge 
the offending people of the LORD < and banifh ido- 
3atry from their wormip as the driving wind fwept 
the chaff from their floors. If, at another juncture, 
Cyrus is equally victorious, and u comes upon prin- 
u ces as upon nrortar, and as the potter treadeth 
<c clay ;" it was the L O R D of hofls that railed up 
this accompliflicd commander from the Eaft, and bid 
him execute his defignsof reftoring love to his reform- 
ed nation. All thofe arts which meliorate, and fcien- 
ces which embeliifh life, even thtie are from the 



LORD, " who is wonderful in counfcl, and excel- 
** lent in working." 

The time would fail me to enumerate particulars. 
Whatever is beneficial to communities, or comfort- 
able to individuals ; whatever fprings from the rain 
of heaven, or is produced by fruitful feaibns ; what- 
ever administers to the improvement, or chears the 
heart of man ; all, all acknowledge GOD for their 
Author. He is the Giver of every good and perfect 
gift. The whole earth is filled with the profution of 
his beneficence. And where, where is the creature, 
that has not tailed, that does not fiibiift on, the inex- 
hauftible ftores of his bounty ? And though affliction 
alib comes from tiie Father of our ipirits, yet this is 
no derogation from his tender mercies : fince he chaf- 
tens, not with an arbitrary ieverity, but with a par- 
ental pity ; he chaftens, only to amend ; and thcfe 
light, thefe tranfient tribulations, are preparatives for 
an exceeding great and eternal weight of glory. 

And is not fuch a being worthy of our higheft ad- 
miration, and our devotHt love ? Has he not, by fiich 
ineffable excellencies, fuch unmeafurable benignity, 
has he not an undoubted claim to the affections of our 
hearts, the praifesof our tongues, and the unintermit- 
ted fervices of our lives ? He is the fource of all our 
good ; mould lie not alfo be the centre of all our gra- 
titude, and of our whole obedience ? But our obli- 
gations will rife immenfely higher, if we confider, 

Secondly, how much more illuftrioufly the delight- 
ful attributes of the DEITY are d.iiplayed in the ac- 
complifhment of our redemption ; in that he hath re- 
conciled us to himfdfby J ESUS CHRIST. MM 
was created upright, immaculate, and in the ima^e of 
GOD. Heavenly wifdom flione bright in his under- 
Handing, and true holinefs fat enthroned in his neart. 
-j-But how foon, how fatally, did he fall 1 from what 
height of perfection, to what depth of degeneracy ? 
Since that dcftructive tranl'greffion, all flelh has cor- 


rupted his way ; every man is become brutifh in his 
knowledge ; and the imagination of the thoughts of 
his heart is only evil continually. " Our iniquities 
41 feparated between us and our GOD, and our fins 
" hid liis face from us," as from an abominable ob- 
jecl. Nay, our fins accufed us at his righteous tribu- 
nal, and like the blood of Abel, cried to heaven for 
veogeaace. Vengeance and fiery indignation was our 
expected doom, and eternal death the wages due to 
our offences. What rendered the miitry of mankind 
ftill more cxceilively deplorable, and only not deipe- 
rate, was, that they were without Jlrcngth ; without 
any power to make 1'itisfaftion for their provocations, 
or extricate themielves from this abyfs of wo. Q 
wretched, wretched man, if left in this Mate of guilt 
and ruin ! If abandoned by the GOD, from whom 
thou hall ungratefully revolted, better had it been 
for thee never to have exifted. 

But behold the kindnefs and love of GOD our Sa- 
viour ! Hearken to the founding of his bowels and of 
his mercies towards us 1 tc 1 have feen," laid he, (as 
in the cafe of enflaved lirael,) " I have fecn the af- 
" flidlion of my fallen creatures. They have undone 
" thcmfelves, but in me * is their recovery. Satan 
" has deceived, and deceiving has deflroyed them ; 
" but I, even I will deliver them." Wherewithal 
will the LORD accomplifti this defign ? By his free, 
unmerited goodnefs. By the blood of bulls, or of 
goats, or of all the cattle upon a thoufand hills ? Con- 
temptible to the laft degree are fuch beggarly obla- 
tions ; only fo far as they typify the all- glorious fa- 
crifice. Was an angel charged with this important 
bufmefs, or the highcft feraph bidden to interpofe as 
the repairer of our breach \ The angels were abfo- 
lutely incapable of executing fo great a work. It re- 
quired a far abler agent, to negotiate our reconciliation. 


* See Hcf. xiii. 9. 


It muft cod incomparably more to redeem guilty fouls. 
Therefore the GOD of our falvation " laid the help 
*' upon one that is mighty." He appointed, to the 
moil momentous of all offices, the mod illuftrious of 
all beings. He appointed his own Son, the brightnefs 
of his glory, and the express image of his perfon. 

Behold then the Son of G O D, taking our nature, 
that he may act as our Mediator. Admirable confti- 
ttition ! full of wonder and full of grace ! How joy- 
ful to the iinner ! the work mud infallibly profper in 
inch hands. Such a Surety cannot fail of fucceeding, 
in all he undertakes. How gracious in the Father! 
Could there be a flrongcr afiurance, or a more empha- 
tical demonstration of his boundlefs beneficence, than 
to fend the Son of his bofom ; the Son of his eternal 
delight ; the Son dearer to him than all worlds ? 
How condefcending in the Saviour I Would Ahafue- 
rus abdicate his imperial diadem, or the great ruler 
of Babylon forego the honours of his enlarged domi- 
nions, to attend on the welfare of fome ignoble cap- 
tive that grinds at a mill, or of fome infamous male- 
factor that is chained in a dungeon ? Yet the everlaft- 
ing Potentate of heaven and univerfal nature, under- 
takes a more ! imbling office of friendfhip, for a race 
of abject creatures, that dwell in duft, and were doom- 
ed to hell. Let every child of Adam look unto 
CHRIST by faith, as all the people of Hrael looked 
unto Mofcs, when he went into the tabernacle of the 
congregation to intercede before the LORD. (See 
Exodus xxxiii. 8.) 

We have Teen the perfon reconciling, let us next 
contemplate the manner of reconciling. A fubject e- 
qually aflonifhing and delightful ! The Father recon- 
ciled us to himielf, by laying upon his Son the iniqui- 
ties of us all ; by admitting him to ftand in our ftcad, 
and Uy exacting from him, the punifhmcnt which we 
had incurred. G O D reconciler! us to himielf, not 
only by the humiliation, but by the differing of this 



Prince of heaven ; and not by fomc llighter fuffering, 
but by his iiiftcring unto deatli ; and not by his un- 
dergoing a common death, but the moft ignominious 
and tormenting of all deaths, the death of the crofs. 
" It pleated the Father," fays the apoille, u to recon- 
*' cilc ail things to himfelf ; making peace by the blood 
" of the crols." Becauie we deferved fhame, the 
LORD of glory was numbered with malefactors, and 
loaded with infamy. Becaufe we deferved the bitter- 
nefs of death, the LORD of life endured the pangs of 
diflblution, in their unabated and moft racking extre- 
mities-. Becauie we were obnoxious to the curfe of 
the law, therefore the ever-bleffcd " JESUS dclivcr- 
" ed us from the curfe of the law, being made a curfe 
" for us." 

Glorious propitiation ! and altogether as complete 
as glorious ! What now fliall terrify the true believer? 
What mall (land between him, and his eternal hopes ? 

Shall Satan mufter up his accufations, and let them 
in frightful array ? Yet, though there may be much 
guilt, there is no condemnation to them that are in 
JESUS CHRIST. Does the law take the guilty 
mortal by the throat, and, with its rigorous ieverity, 
lay, " Pay me that thou oweft ?" It is paid, fully 
paid by the intervention and furetifhip, not of a mean 
man, but of the mighty GOD made flcfh. Does di- 
vine Juftice demand fatisfaclion, for the wrongs re- 
ceived from (inners ? It is not only fatisfkd, but moft 
awfully glorified, by this wonderful obhtion In 
(hort, this is a full, perfecl, and iufficient iacrifke for 
the (ins of the whole world. It vindicates the honour 
of GOD's holinels ; it difplays his uniearchable wif- 
dom ; it mamfeils his utterable goodnefs; it gives 
the moft magnificent and lovely hi fire to all the di- 
vine perfections. May we not then, looking unto 
our bleeding Saviour, and pleading his ineltimable pro- 
pitiation, venture to adopt the apoftlf's challenge ? 
" Who fliall lay any thing to the charge of GOD's 


"cleft? it is GOD that juftifieth ;" not imputing 
our trefpalFes unto us, but transferring them to his 
dear Son. u Who is he that condecineth ? it is 
" CHRIST that died," and by his precious death 
hath made reconciliation for iniquity, and brought in 
everlalting righteouinefs. 

I have been the more copious upon this fubjecl, be- 
caufe it is not only the grand point in my text, but 
is the very heart of the gofpel ; the fountain of all om 
comforts, and the foundation of all our hopes. But 
I proceed, and with greater brevity, 

Thirdly, To obferve the benign import and bene- 
ficial tendency of the goipel miniftry, exprc'fled in 
that remarkable claufe, He hath given to us the miniftry 
of reconciliation. Here I am not attempting to mag- 
nify my office, or to aggrandize the miniilerial cha- 
racter ; but only to render our iervice? acceptable to 
our brethren. Some perfons, whether through preju- 
dice or miflake, are apprehenfive of being terrified by 
our meflage, or u tormented before the time" by 
our docTrine. But can the news of reconciliation to 
the LORD GOD of hofls terrify, or the offer of 
remiffion of fins torment ? How welcome mould be 
the approach, or, to fpeak in the elegant language of 
a prophet, " how beautiful the feet of him that bring- 
u eth good tiding! !" And can there be better tidings, 
more reviving, or more tranfporting, than thofe of 
the everlafting gofpel ? which faith unto Zion, " Thy 
44 iniquity is taken away, and thy fin purged :" thy 
GOD is reconciled, and inftead of abhorring thee as 
a rebel, is willing to embrace thee as a child. When 
our armies have been in the field, and fame very im- 
portant, fomc decifive engagement drawing near ; 
with what eagerncfs have you expefted, and with 
what delight have you received, the account of com- 
plete victory gained ? And is not our report equally 
worthy of all acceptation, which declares Satan van- 
quifhed, and fin deflroycd ; declares elect h abolifhed, 

VOL. V. N 22. I' hell 


hell deprived of its prey, and all the rich advantages 
of pence with hraven rellored ? When Peter lay 
bound in priibn, was the angel an unwelcome rnini- 
llcr, who Mruck aw.iy his tetters, opened ihc j'aics of 
iron, and tranfmitted him, free and unmolelled, to 
the cordial lalutations of his friends ? As you are , all, 
by nature, in bondage to fin, our bufmels is, to take 
yon by the hand, and lead yon out of this ignomi- 
nious llavery, into the glorious liberty of the ions of 
GOD ; while the Spirit of the Molt High breaks off 
your (hackles, and makes you free indeed. What 
manna can be more refrefliing than fuch a mcflage ? 
what balm more healing than fuch a iervice ? If, at 
any time, we arm our words with terror, and de- 
nounce the vengeance of GOi) on every foul of man 
that doth evil ; this is only to awaken you from that 
gay infenfibility, which would lull you into irretrie- 
vable ruin. It is like the gathering clouds, and the 
tlidant burfts of thunder, which might watn Noah to 
retire into the ark, before that infinitely more tre- 
mendous deluge came, which was to fweep the care- 
leis world away. Whether therefore we difplay the 
allurements of divine love, it is for your delight ; or 
whether we bend the bow of divine indignation, it is 
for your benefit ; to win you to happinefs, or drive 
you from miiery. So that in every reipeet, and by 
all our miniilrations, we are to be " helpers of your 
" faith, and furtherers of your joy." 

And let not any one fufpecl, that ? meffage of fuch 
free and rich grace has a tendency to foothe men into 
fupincnefs, or ferve the caufe of licentioufnefs. It is, 
of all other expedients, moft effectually calculated to 
reconcile us to GOD, in another fenfe of the word ; 
to {ubdue our enmity, and captivate our perverie af- 
fections; to imprefs our alienated hearts with adoring 
gratitude, and engage our refractory wills to dutiful 
obedience. For can we be cold and indifferent to fuch 
immenfe benignity ? can we aifront and grieve fuch 



unfpeakably- tender kindnefs ? What effect had David's 
clemency in iparing Saul's life, when it was in the 
power of his hand to have difpatched that implacable 
enemy r It overcame, tor a while, even malice itl'elf ; 
it fetcned tears of ibrrow from the perfecutor's eyes, 
an 1 txpreiiions of the moil endeared affections from, 
his lips *. And when GOD, the GOD to whom 
vengeance belongeth, not onlyipares us guilty wretch- 
es, out punifhes his immaculate Son in our (lead ; 
when he bids the i'word of Jultice pals by our devoted 
heads, and iheath itftlf in the heart of his beloved 
Son ; can v.'e reliil ilich heavenly goodnefs ? can we 
fpurn fuch bowels of mercy ? Muit not love, fo di- 
vine and infinite, melt even the nioft obdurate heart ; 
make us fling down, with abhorrence, the weapons of 
rebellion, and conltrain us, fweetly conftrain us to 
obedience f . ? 

Let me now, conformably to my facred cornmif- 
fion, bciecch you all to be reconciled. Efpecially let 
me bcleech the humble penitent, and the haughty { elf- 
righteous ivioraiift. Ye humble penitents, that arc 
convinced of fin, and mourn for fin, be of good com- 
fort. GOD has abounded in the riches of his grace 
towards you, and has given you a raniom to rely on, 
of higher dignity than ail heavens, of more value than 
all worlds. The men of Tyre made Blaftus the king's 
chamberlain their friend J ; the G OD of glory has 
configured his dear Son, your atoning facrifke, your 
prevailing advocate. The men of Tyre defircd con- 
ditions of peace ; the LORD JESUS hath both 


i Sam. xxiv. 16. 

j- Mr Hcrvey had added, by way of a note, the following 
words, in rhe copy which he trunfcribed, and from which, 
vhis is printed : " When 1 preached this fernion, I recapnu- 
44 lated, in ihis jolace, (as you, or any reader may do if he 
44 piedes,) th- preceding headi; but 1 thought it uuncceflary 
* 4 to tranlcribe fuch a recapitulation." 
^ A^ts xii. 20. 
P 2 


obtained and fullillcd the conditions of your peace. 
Could there be a more glorious peribn chofe to act as 
your reconciler, than the Prince of heaven, and Heir 
of all things? could there be a more effectual method 
of reconciliation, than his obedience unto death, even 
the death of the crofs ? Fly then to this all-iiifticient 
Redeemer. Rely on his molt meritorious and fatisfac- 
tory fufferings. Be your fins ever fo numerous, ever 
fo enormous, thefe need be no bar to your acceptance. 
For GOD has received an atonement ; an infinite 
atonement GOD has received. .So that he can admit 
you to his favour, unworthy as you are, without the 
leaft blemifh to his avenging jufticc. He can, lie will 
admit you, as freely, as if you had never done amiis, 
Trufb therefore in your reconciling Saviour. Place a 
chcarful confidence in his propitiating merits. Only 
]et the grace of GOD, which has appeared with iuch 
traniccndent lovelinefs in the bleeding JESUS, let 
this grace teach you, with a prevailing efficacy, u to 
" deny all ungodlinefs and worldly lulls, and to live 
' foberly, rightcouily, and godlily in this prcient 
4< world.'' 

As to thole of a contrary character, who are righ- 
teous in their own eyes, what mall I lay ? Shall 1 de- 
cry the exercife of morality, or difparage the duties 
of holinefs ? GOD forbid. The golpel is a doctrine 
according to godlinefs, and true holineis is the health, 
is the happinels of the Ibul. Thefe duties, ifTuing 
from faith, and recommended by the intcrceflion of 
CHRIST, are acceptable to the divine Majefty. 
But thefe arc not your SAVIOUR. GOD has 
not reconciled the world to himfelf by their o'wn 
pious practices, but by his Son 'JESUS CHRIST. 
Can your charitable deeds expiate your innumerable 
offences ? As loon may a fingle drop of pure water 
correct and fweeten the unfathomable brine of the 
ocean. Can your defective performances iatisfy the 
demands of a perfect law, or your wandering devo- 


tions fcreen you from the difpleafure of an injured 
GOD? As well may your uplifted hand eclipie the 
(an, or intercept the lightening when it darts through 
the burning cloud. There is no other name given 
under heaven, whereby you may be reconciled to 
GOD, and iaved from wrath, but only the name, 
only the name, remember, of j ESUS CHRIST. 
He; c fix your hopes, antl you lhall never be difap- 
pointe.J. Fix them on any other object, and everlaft- 
ing conflilion will eniue. We hefeech you therefore, 
in GOD's ftead, we befeech you for your own fouls 
lake, reject not this abundant mercy, neglecl not this 

Now, unto him who has reconciled us to himfelf, 
and walhed us from our {ins in his Son's blood, be 
jilory and thanklgiving, love and obedience, hence- 
forth and for ever. 

A D E F E N C E, by R. Y. of the foregoing fcr- 
mon, from the groundltjs objections raijcd againjl 
it by Jome inconfidcratc readers. 

IT is fcarcely credible, that any one fhould aflcrt, 
that Mr Hervey's pofthumous fermon on the Mi- 
mflry uf reconciliation, is contradictory to the dialogues 
in T her on and Afpafto, and affirm that it has done in- 
jury to the work. But fuch an afTcrtion is eafily re- 
fated. This complaint is either lodged by the friends 
or foes of the decealed : If by his friends, then I fup- 
pofe it is becaute the doclrine of imputed rightcoul- 
els, which makes fo great a figure in thofe dialogues, 
is not mentioned in the icrmon. Tliefe jjeople would 
do well to confuler, that if it is not mentioned, it ir. 
ftrongly imj^lied ; and what is flrongly implied in this 
place, cannot be contradictory to what is exprefied in 
others. In that fcrmon, do we not read in the flrong- 
cft terms, 4t That our iniquities are imputed to 



" Chrifl, by the Father's admitting him to (land 
44 in onr flead, and exacting from him the punifhmcnt 
* 4 which we had incurred I" Do we not here find, 
44 GOD reconciling us to himlclf, not only by the hu- 
44 miliation, but by the lullc-rings of the Prince of 
t4 heaven ? and not by fome (lighter {offerings, but by 
44 his iuilerings unto death ; and not by his undergoing 
<4 a common death, but the molt ignominious and 
44 tormenting of all deaths, the death upon the crofs." 

And as we rind the imputation of our fins Ib plain- 
ly averted here, ib we find in the Dialogues, that 
44 this part of our Lord's meritorious humiliation 
44 is by a very ufual figure put for the whole. The 
44 death of Chrift includes, not only his iulferings, 
44 but his obedience. The Pnedding of his precious 
" blood, was at once the grand inftance of his lufler- 
44 ings, and the finifhing act of his obedience. In 
44 this view it is coniidered, and thus it is interpreted 
<4 by his own ambaffador, who, fpeaking of his divine 
44 Maitcr, fays, He was obtctient unto death, ~ven 
" the death of the crofs, When the fcripture ai'cribes 
44 our juftification to the death of Chrill, we are 
<4 not to think would fet afide, but imply his 
44 obedience.*' [Theron and djimfio, vol. II. p. 
34<$.) Now, if we are not to think tnis of the icrip- 
ture, in Mr Hervey's opinion, how then can we 
think it of him ? And, without thinking it, where 
lies the inconiiilence between the fermon and the di- 
alogues \ 

But I rather iimgine, that the charge is brought 
by IVIr Hervey's enemies, iiome of thefe people, to 
avoid being thought .Socinians, feem willing to al- 
low the iatisfaclion of Chrift, while they declare 
againft the doctrine of justification by the imputation 
of his righteouihcfs ; and luch are extremely willing 
to interpret Mr Ilcrvey'sfilence into a confcnt to their 
own pernicious ientiments : T/icron and ^j'pafio is a 



dead weight upon them ; they have not, nor can 
they anfwer it ; willingly, therefore, would they come 
off, by laying, the author had contradicted himfelf* 
But falfe is their pretence, and as falle is their profei- 
lion. That they allow the fatisfaction of C H R I S T 
for imputation, is as reafonable, and as justifiable in 
the one cafe as in the other ; they both (land upon 
one ai.d the fame footing, fo he that throws down 
one throws down both ; whoever rejects the doctrine 
of our Saviour's rightcoufnefs being imputed unto 
man, rejects, by fo doing, the doctrine of man's fins 
being imputed to our Saviour, and all the confequen- 
ces of it ; or, in other words, he who rejects the doc- 
trine of free juftification, rejects, by fo doing, the 
doctrine ofChriih (See TMeronsaid ^jpa/io^ vol. II. 
p. 170.) 

As the main defign in writing Theron and j/tfpafib % 
was to prove the fundamental doctrine of juftifi cation 
by the imputed righteoufnefs of Chrilt ; and as it ap- 
pears that the fermon does not contradict it in this 
moft important article ; I fuppofe it will be allowed, 
that the charge of contradiction, as to what is molt 
material, is entirely got over. But, perhaps, in a 
matter of lefs confequence, it may (till be objected, 
that Mr Hervey, in the Dialogues, appears plainly to 
be Calviniftic, in the doctrine of PARTICULAR 
redemption ; but, in the fermon, he fays exprefsly, 
that Chrifl's death is a full, perfetf, and fufficicnt f'a- 
cri flee for the fins of the WHOLE world. The 
church of England lays this, as well as Mr Hervey, in 
tltc office for the communion ; and yet no unpreji'.di- 
ied perfon will queltion, but (he is perfectly Calvinif- 
tical in her articles and homilies. 

The truth is, there is no Calvinift but will allow, 
that the fatisfaction of Chrifl is full, perfect, and fuf- 
frcient for ALL; but then they diflinguifh between 
the fufficiency and efficiency of his facrifice. With 
regard to the value of the oblation, it is ibih'cien: for 



the redemption of every man; with regard to its ef- 
ficacy, as every man is benefited by the death of 
Chrift, To Chrift died for him ; but thefe benefits arc 
not of one kind. Some are common to every man ; all 
the earthly blellings which unbelievers enjoy, are the 
fruits of Chrift's death ; fo far as tiiey are benefited 
by him, fo far lie died for them ; other benefits be- 
long to the members of the viiible church, and are 
commuii to all thofe who live under the gofpel : 
many graces Inch may receive from Chrift, which, 
through their own f.u:k, are not laving, and fo far as 
they are benefited by Chriit, fo far Chrift died for 
them : other benefits Hill, according to the will of 
God, and the intention of the Mediator, are peculi- 
ar to thofe which he himfelf fays are given unto him 
by the Father ; his (hecp, his elect, fuch as a true 
faith, regeneration, lanctification, adoption, &c. In 
this fenie, fays thofe Chriftians called Calvinifls, 
Chrift died for his people only, to bring them effec- 
tually to grace and to glory. This fyftem only is 
confiftent with Mr Hervey's notion of free grace. 

The Arminian fcheme is, That Chrift died with a 
purpoie to make the falvation of every man in the 
world poffible, without any manner of difference, 
whether they are believers or unbelievers : That he 
died, not to bring any man actually to falvation, and 
make him a partaker of righteoufnefs and life, but to 
purchafe a pollibility of falvation and reconciliation, 
fo far as that God might, confiftent with his juftice, 
receive men into favour, upon condition of faith and 
repentance. This faith and repentance, fny they, 
Chrift merited not ; for if he had, then God had 
been bound to give them unto every man, and fo 
every man muft have been faved. Thus, you fee, 
according to thefe gentlemen, Chrift: died equally 
for all the world ; and the reafon why fome are iaved, 
lies wholly in thcmfelves, in attaining to that faith 



and repentance, by the good ufe of their natural powers, 
which Chrift did not purchafe for them. This is 
the meaning of every Arminian *, let him exprcfs 
himfelf however he will. And how far this is incbnfift- 


* That the reader may ftill more clearly apprehend the doc- 
trine of Mr Hervey, who was a Calvinitt, and the difference 
between him and the Arminians, the following note is Tub- 

44 The Arminians are fuppofed by fome, (who are not fuf- 
44 ficiently acquainted with their tenets,) to maintain that we 
44 are to dofomcthing for ourfelves, and Chrift to do the re(t; 
44 or, in other words, that we \\zve partly a rightedulnefs of 
44 our own, and that Jelus Chrift is to make up the deficien- 
44 cies of that righteoufnefs. This, however, is not the com- 
44 mon divinity of the Arminians. They have no fuch notion 
44 of a patch-work justification, or that we are faved partly by 
44 the imputation of Chrilt's merits to make up the deficiencies 
44 of our own. But the principles of their fcheme are briefly 
44 thefe : That Chrift is thefole and only author of our lalva- 
44 tion, not by imputing his righteoufnefs to us, but by pur- 
44 chafing luch favourable terms of reconciliation for us, and 
44 by reftoring to us luch abilities to fulfil them, by means of 
* which we can only become capable of being juftified in the 
44 fight of God. Therefore we lay, that thole in this life, 
* 4 who have uted well the grace that is given them, and con- 
4 * formed to the terms of the gofpel, God doth juftify : That 
44 is, were he to call them to the bar of judgment and try 
* 4 them, he would acquit or pronounce them not guilty* Be- 
44 caufe Chrift, by his meritorious death and Sufferings, having 
* 4 purchafed for them the law of repentance, as the law by 
44 which they are to be judged and tried; and they having 
* 4 through grace fulfilled the Inw, ;*. e. become true penitents^ 
* 4 God therefore, for the above merits of Chrift, admits of' 
4 their qualifications, forgives them their offences, and rewards 
4 them as if they had never offended. Here then is nofplit- 
14 ting of the imputation, no copartnerfiip with Chrift: but 
4 Chritl's righteoulnels is represented, as the file procuring 
44 caufe of our falvation, and ours as only the applying caufe, 
* 4 by performing the requifite conditions: i. e. They both tend; 
44 to different ends ; one to procure the terms of purification, 
44 and the other to perform them. So thaf, in ihort, accord- 
V. N 22. & " ing 

122 THE MINISTRY, &c. S E *.V, 

cnt with Mr Hervey's exhortation to the iclf-righteous 
moraliil, in the elole of this lormon, i believe 1 need 
not tell you. Indeed, Mr liervey engages not here 
in the coutroveriy at all ; but (v, l> i"g upon what both 
fides are agreed in, viz. the iufficiency of Chrift's 
facrificc to iave all that will believe ) he invites all his 
he.uers to Hy unto him for lalvation. Now, if lie ne- 
ver enters into the merits of the cauie, how can he 
be guilty of inconiiftency ? 

Upon the whole, then, this is a moft excellent fer- 
mon. As the dialogues in Tht.ron and ^jpafu) were, ib 
is this, the true otfspring * of him who now refls 
from Ms labours, and his works do follow him ; the 
offspring of him who always (ought to cx&lt the Sa- 
viour, to humble the linner, and to promote holinefs. 


*' ing to this fcheme of the Arminians, our juftification is not 
** made up partly of Chrift's right eoufne Is, and partly of our 
** own ; for his righteoufnefs is not partly imputed, but not 
" at all imputed, in the Calvinilh'cal lenle of imputation. In 
** o,rder to make this difference of opinion ftill clearrr, it muft 
41 be obferved, that the Catvmilh (being accultomed to their 
" ideaj of imputative rightroufne's) imagine, that when the 
'* Arminians affirm the necelfity of inherent righieoulnefs. in 
14 order to jollification, that they mean a borrowing of Chnit's 
** imputative righteoufnei's to make up the defk'enc'.es of cur 
* 4 own. Whereas the Arminians, indeed, -fuppofe, that Chrilt 
* 4 did not, in any degree, fulfil the terms ot juftification in our 
^ftead; but, on the contrary, having purch >fed 'hem for us, 
** and procured us fufficient powers and abiiittes of performing 
** the;n, he left us to co operate with thole powers, and fo to 
" fulfil them ourfelves." This is a fair, candu'i, and confift- 
cnt ftate of the Arminian do&rine. No one can lay it is roifre- 
prefented; for 'ti< here given in the very words of an eminent 
divine, and dignitary of the church of England, \vho is himlelf 
an Arminian. How much fuperior the Calviuilhc (which was 
Mr Hervey's) doftrine is, to humble the tinner, to exult the 
Savionr, and to promote holinefs. let every reader judge. 

* The iermon itfelf, in Mi Hervey's own writing, is nowr 
in the hands o! the llev Mr Robert K.iighr, rlie prefent Hec- 
tor of WellonTavell, who married Mr Her vey'iyoungeftliiier. 

The Knowledge of Salvarion precious in 
tne Hoar of Death ; 



R M O N 

Preached, January 4. 1759, 

Upon the DEATH of 

The Rev. Mr JAMES H E R V E Y. 
By W. R O M A I N E, M. A. 

Lefturer of Sf Dunftan's in the Weft, London. 

Right eoufnefs delivereth from death. PROV. x. 2. 

Lu KE ii. 29, 30. 

LORD, now lettefl thou thy ffrvant depart in peace, 
a -carding to thy -word: fur ?nine eyes have feen thy 
Jalvation . 

ACCORDING to the ancient prophecies, in the 
fulnefs of time, God fent forth his Son. He 
cime to his own, when there was a general cxpefta- 
lion of his birth. Many jtift and devout peribns in 
'Jernfalem were then looking out for the Redeem- 
er's coming in the flcfh j and among them good old 

2 Simeon i 


Simeon, and 4nna a prophetefs, arc particularly 
mentioned. St Luke fays, There was a man in Je- 
rui'alem, whofe name -was Simeon, and the jame man 
luas jtt/}, a juftified perfon, and devout, tearing to 
offend God, as the Gretk word fignifies, 'waiting for 
the conjolation oj Ilrael ; he was waiting for the incar- 
nation of the divine Comforter, by whofe birth all the 
prpmifes of comfort were to be ratified and fulfilled, 
and the Ifrael of God was to receive everlafting conlo- 
Jation. The Lord was plealed to vouchiafe a particu- 
lar revelation of his will in this matter to Simeon ; 
Far the Holy Spirit "was upon him, and it was revealed 
unto him by the Holy Spirit, that he jhould nutjee dcaffi 
before he hadfeen the Lord* s Chrift incarnate. And he 
came by direction of the Spirit into the temple ; and 
when the parents brought in the hply child : fejus, to 
do for him after the cuflom of the law, then took he 
him up in his arms, and bleffed God that he had lived 
to this happy hour, when he could take up the pro- 
phet's words, and fay, Lo this is our God, we have 
nijaited for him, and he "will lave us ; this is the Lord, 
we have "waited for him ; we will be qlad and rejoice it? 
his falvation. Simeon waited to fee God incarnate ; 
and having feen him, he wanted to live no longer. 
He defired his difmiffion. All the ends of Hying were 
anfvvered ; and therefore he put up this fweet prayer ; 

Lord, now lettcjl thou thy fcrvant depart in peace, 

according to thy word : for mine eyes have Jeen thy 

With thefe fame words one of our dear brethren, 
now with the Lord, finifhed his courfe. They were 
the dying words of the Rev. Mr James Hervey. He 
had long defired to depart, and to be with Chrift, 
which he knew was far better than to abide in the 
flefh ; but he waited patient lv for the Lord's time ; 
and when it was come, he thus cxprefTed the thauk- 
fulnefs of his heart, Lord, now Iclteft thou thv fcrvant 
depart in peace , according to thy moil holy and ccm fort- 


able word : for mine eyes have feen thy precious falva- 
tion *. The Lord heard him, and gave him a gentle 
difmiifion. He died, as he had lived, in a perfectly 
even and calm compofure of mind. Death mewed 
that he came to him as a friendly melTenger to call 
him to glory, for he chearfully obeyed the fummons. 
There was no fear, no druggie, not a figh or groan, 
but he departed in peace, and in full afmrarice of 
faith. Olv that you and I, my brethren, may fo live 
by the faith of the Son of God, that when we 
come to die, we may be able to ufe this fame pray- 
er, and may receive of the Lord a like gracious an- 

Thefe fwect dying words of our dear brother have 
made a great imprelfion upon feveral of his acquaint- 
ance : for they have been led to confider them more 
clofely than perhaps they ever did before, and feveral 
have meditated upon them with great comfort. In 
order that others might do the fame, and that his hap- 
py death might be the means of ftirring up many 
to leek to die the death of the righteous, and that 
their latter end might be like his, 1 have deter- 
mined to fpeak upon the words this day. May the 
fame Spirit by which Simeon fpake them be in all 
your hearts ! may he teach you their true and full 
meaning, and in God's due time may he give you the 
comfortable experience of them I Under his guidance 
let us confider, 

Fir ft, That when Simeon had feen the falvation of 
God, he was prepared to depart : 

Secondly, He therefore detired it, and prayed for 
it ; and, 

Thirdly, He expected he mould depart in peace ac- 
cording to God's word, which was fulfilled to him. 


* Several particulars in this fermon refpefling Mr Hervey, 
are more fully related in the account of his life prefixed tp 
vo!, I. 


And, under each of thefe particulars, I (hall fpeak of 
the rxperience of our deceafed brother. 

Fir ft) Simeon had it revealed to him by the Holy 
Spirit, that he fiiould not die until he had iecn the 
Lord's Chrift ; and when Jeius was brought into the 
tempi?, lie was directed to go and receive him for the 
promilVd Melh'ah ; and taking him up in his arms, he 
blellcd God, and laid, Lord, now Icttcft thouthyfervant 
depart in peace, according to thy word : for mine eyes 
hovcfecn thy falvation. It is evident he fpoke thefe 
words in their primary fenfe, of his feeing Je/us with 
the eyes of hi body ; but this could have been no 
great caufe of joy to him, unlefs he had before feea 
Chrift fome other way ; for multitudes {aw him with 
their bodily eyes, while he was upon earth, who were 
no better for the fight ; and multitudes will hereafter 
fee him in his glorified body, but it will be to their e- 
verlafting confuiion. There is another kind of fight to 
which our church referred you this afternoon, when 
each of you took up thefe words, and faid, For mine 
eyes have feen thy falvation. If you knew what you 
faid, and fpoke the truth, as you had experienced it, 
you meant that you had feen the falvation of God 
with the eye of faith ; according to what is faid 
of Mofes, That by faith he Jaw him "who /j invifible, 
(Heb. xi. 27.) He law him by the eyes of his foul, 
who was inviiible to the eyes of his body ; for the 
foul has its eyes as well as the body : but fin dark- 
ened them ; it put them into the flate in which the 
eyes of the body are when they have no light : then 
they can fee nothing. So the ibul is faid, in fcrip- 
ture, to be in darknefs and blindneis, until the eyes 
of the undtrftanding be enlightened. They cannot 
fee any fpiritual objects until the Sun of Righteoufnefs 
fliine upon them ; nor, when he does fliine, can they 
fee any lovelinefs in thoie objects, until they 'be able 
to act faith upon them ; for the eye of faith not only, 
beholds the object, but alfo diilinguifhes its own inter- 


eft in it. Faith keeps all the fenfes of the foul in act 
and exercife upon the proper object, which each ap- 
prehends ; here the eye of faith is fixed upon falva- 
tion, not only viewing it as a blefling belonging to o- 
thers, but alib appropriating it to itfelf. Mine eyes have 
Jeen thy fatvation: here Simeon, fpeaking of our Savi- 
our, calls \\imjalvafionj becaufe all falvation is in and 
from him. He is the author, and he is the finifber 
of it. The great plan of it was laid by the co-equal 
and co-eternal Perlonsof the ever-bleffed Trinity, be- 
fore the foundation of the world ; it was carried into 
execution by our divine Saviour in the fuluels of time; 
and he is an eternal falvation, an eternal deliverance 
from all evilf and an eternal poireilion of all good. 
Upon the entrance of fin into the world, this great 
ialvation of our God was revealed, and by faith be- 
lievers under the Old Teftament-difpenfation enjoyed 
the benefits of it. At the appointed time Jehovah 
took a body of flefh, and our divine. Immanuel flood 
up to fave his people from their fins. He undertook 
to fatisfy all the demands of law and juftice. The 
law he fatisfied, by paying it a perfect uniinning obe- 
dience ; which being a divine, as well as a human o- 
bedience, did therefore magnify the law, and make it 
more honourable, than if all the creatures in heaven 
and earth had never offended againft it. Juftice he 
fatisficd, by enduring the threatened puniQnnL-nt ; 
and after his fufterings and death, juflice had no more 
demands upon him : for he came out of the prifon of 
the grave with a full diicharge. This fatisfaction, 
made to law and juflice by the obedience and fuifer- 
ings of the Lord ftlus, is what the fcripture calls the 
rii>hteuufnefi of God, becaufe it isadivineand infinitely- 
perfect righteouihefs, a divine righteoulhds wi ought 
out by Jehovah himlelf, and as infinitely perfect a ' 
righteoufnefs as Jihovah couid make it. In this all- 
glorious righteoufnefs of the God man, Chrift Jefus, 
tonfifts the finrier's falvation : for he is accepted and 


ia8 A S E R M O N ox 

juftified by it ; the fruits of this righteoufncfs arc his 
ian&ification, and the robe of this righteouinefs is his 
glorification. So that falVation in time and in eternity 
depends upon the righteouinefs of the incarnate God. 
This is the fundamental doc/trine of the Chri'fHan reli- 
gion, for which our dear brother was a noble cham- 
pion. He law, he experienced the importance of it, 
and therefore in his conversation and in his preaching 
it was a favourite topic. How fwectly, how profit- 
ably have I heard him dwell upon it ! and how excel- 
lently has he defended it in his writings ? Read his 
Thcron and sJjpafio ; arid when you are thoroughly 
convinced that Chrift is the end of the law for righte- 
oufnefs to every one who believeth, and can fay with 
faith, " In the Lord have I righteouinefs arid falva- 
" tion ;" then your mind will be fettled in peace and 
comfort, and you will be delivered from thole danger- 
ous errors which are now propagated concerning the 
righteoufneis of the Lord jefus. Thank God for the 
mafterly defence of it in thefe dialogues *. In them 


* About a week before Mr Hervey was taken 511, I mention- 
ed to him a report that was ipread about, concerning Mr ban- 
deman's Letters on Theron and j4fpafiQ, to this efteft : That 
he (Mr Hervey) had written a letter to Mrs Cooke, and there- 
in had faid, that Mr Sandeman was in the right, and had con- 
vinced him of his error; or words to that purpofe. To which 
he anfwered, That he had written a letter to Mrs Cooke, and 
therein he had acknowledged, that nuny of Mr Sandeman's 
remarks were judicious, and that he had corrected fome ot his 
ex;;reirions and inaccuracies. But, he (aid, that he was very far 
from having changed his opinion as to the iubttance and matter 
of the argument; for therein he thought Mr Sandeinan was 
entirely wrong. Whereupon I defired he would infer c an ati- 
vertifement in fome of the London papers, figned by himfelf, 
to fet this rniftake right, le(l it might hinder the (ale and read- 
ing of his books, and thereby prevent much good. To which 
he agree. 1 ,; and added, that he would let that paragraph Itand 
in his anjwer to Mr Wefley^ relating to Mr Sandeman, only 



Mr Hervey, being dead, yet fpeaketh the praifcs of 
his adorable Redeemer, and clearly proves that we 
have our falvation through his righteoufnefs. Imma- 
nuel the Saviour is the juiHtier, as he lays himfelf, 
If. xlv. 21, 22. " There is no God elie befide me, 
" a God that gives righteoufnefs, and a Saviour, there 
" is none befide me. Look unto me, and be ye faved, 
" all the ends of the earth ; for I am God, and there 
41 is none elfe. >: How could they be faved by look- 
ing unto Chrift ?, Certainly, not by a look of- their 
bodily eyes. Simeon's joy did not arife from having 
Chriit in his arms, and looking upon him ; but from 
being able to look upon him -by an act of faith. He 
knew him to be his Saviour. , Thence arofe his joy, 
and from thence mu(t yours arife. It is the look of 
faith which laves ; the eye of faith kept in exercife 
upon its proper object, even upon Jefus, the author 
and finifher of faith. It is this act of faith which our 
Lord requires : Look unto me, with this promife annex- 
ed, and be ye Javed, There is falvation in the look 
of faith : for it fees and receives Jefus, a-? he is offer- 
ed in fcripture, for a free, full, and complete Saviour. 
And whoever keeps the eye of faith in conftarit exer- 
cife is prepared, with good old Simeon, to depart in 
peace : becaufc, by having an interefl and property 
in the falvation of our God, he is thereby delivered 
from every thing that can make death dreadful, and 
is in poifellion of every thing that can make death de- 

What is it that makes death dreadful ? Is it not 
guilt in the confcience, accufing the finner for the 
breach of the holy law, and alarming him with fear 
of the threatened punifhmcnt, which the juftice, and 

holim is, 

fofte-ninp the exprefllon a little: but all this was prevented by 
Uh illnets and death. The truth of thu I aio ready to nttefh 

Curate of Welton Favell. 

VOL. V. N 22, K 


holinefs, and truth of God are concerned to fee in- 
flicted, in time and in eternity ? Thus we read, u The 
tl (ling of death is fin, and the ftrength of fin is the 
14 Jaw." Death has power to fling, ib long as the 
broken law gives fin a right to accufe and condemn : 
all unpardoncd finntrs therefore are afraid of death. 
From this itate of fear and bondage our Lord came to 
lave his people : u He came to deliver them, who 
c ' through Fear of death were all their life-time 
" fubject to bondage ;" arid he docs deliver them, 
when their fins are forgiven, and 'his right t oui- 
ncfs is imputed to them : for then the broken law 
cannot condemn, nor'juliice punifh, there being no 
condemnation to them that are in Chrifl Jeliis. Up- 
on which death lofes its iling ; and when the pardon- 
ed (inner looks upon it, he fees nothing terrible in its 
appearance, but can boldly and without prefumption 
fay, " Yea, when I walk through the valley of the 
41 fhadow of death, I will fear no evil : for thou my 
" God art with me." 

And he is not only prepared to die becaufe he is de- 
livered from every thing that could make death dread- 
ful, but alfo becaufe he is in the poffeflion of every 
thing that can make death defirable. He knows he 
has an interefl in Chrifl:, and Chriit is the poflefibr of 
heaven and earth. He has all things in his hands, 
and has promifed to make them all work together for 
the good of his redeemed people : fo that whoever 
has Chrifl: has all things. " All things, "fays the apoflle, 
" are yours, whether life or death, or things prefent 
u or things to come, all are yours." And the rea- 
fon follows, tc and ye are Chi ill's, and Chrifl is 
" God's." As all that Chrifl has is yours, and nil that 
God has is Chrift's, confequently all is yours. And 
death by name is yours : no longer a cur ft; and a 
punifhment, but turned into a real blcfling; for it is 
the gste and entrance, through which you pals into 
cndlcfs life and never-fading glory. 



Thus lie is prepared to depart, who has fcen with 
the eye of tYuh tnc ialvation of God. The doctrine 
is clear from iciipture ; but how is it, my brethren, 
in your experience ? Are you prepared to depart ? and 
ou wlut yc build your preparation ? on the Lord 
"Jeius, or on what ? Seaich and lee ; for nothing can 
comfort you in the hour of death, but having recei- 
ved him into your hearts by faith and love. You nmit 
fee his ialvation, and be able to keep the eye of faith 
intent upon it, y before you can be prepared to depart: 
but when this is your happy caie, then iw whatever 
fhape death comes, yon will be able to fay with our 
dear brother, Lvrd, now let I eft thou thy J truant depart 
in peace, according to thy "word: Jor mine eyes havejeen 
thyjalvation. He might well fay, Pt'Iinc eyes have feen 
thy Ialvation : for all that came near him were con- 
vinced that he had feen it. The effects ihewed it. 
He had put off the old man, and had put on the new j 
and was under the influence of divine love to his a- 
clorable Saviour. The love of Jcfus ruled in his heart ; 
and was therefore conllantly uppermoft in his mouth. 
He loved to be telling of his Ialvation all the day 
long. And he did not talk like a profeflor full of 
mere head- knowledge ; but what he {pake had a 
warmth, and life, and power in it, which (hewed that 
it came from his heart. He was p'crfectiy inflamed 
with the love of his divine Lord and Maftcr ; and if 
you fat any time in his company, you could not help 
catching iome of the holy flame. So that if itran- 
gers to his perfon may doubt of his experience of a 
Saviour's love, we who have convcrfed with him can- 
not. We are lure from what we faw and heard, that 
he had feen the ialvation of God, and therefore was 
prepared to depart. He knew in whom he had be- 
lieved, and was certain the power and the love of the 
dear Immanncl were in his intercft ; fo that neither 
-death, nor he that had the power of death, cou. * 
hurt him. 

a 2 A 

132 A S -E R M O N ON 

A friend of mine was much with him on the 
of December, and the difcourfe turned upon what 
Clirift had done for his foul. Mr Hervey fpakc fh-ong- 
ly and carndlly of the aifurance of his faith, and of 
the great love of God in Chriil to him. He declared, 
that the fear of death was taken from him ; and it 
afterwards appeared, that death had no fling to hurt, 
nor the grave any power to get victory over him : 
for when death came, it found his mind in perfect 
peace. He hud no nneafy apprehenfions of dying, 
but had hopes full of glory and immortality. Doubt- 
leis then he had ieen the ialvation of God. The 
knowledge of ialvation had been precious to him in 
life, and therefore he experienced the pj ccioufneis of 
it in death: for then he could give thanks to God for 
giving him the victory through Jefus Chrift his Lord. 
Happy arc they to whom God has given the know- 
ledge of their ialvation ; they believe on good 
grounds, that their Saviour has brought them into a 
itate of ialvation ; and therefore they are prepared to 
meet death, yea they can delne and pray for it, as 
Simeon did j which is the iecond particular I was to 

Simeon knowing that he was prepared, therefore de- 
fired to depart. And this is the believer's cafe. He 
longs for death, not out of an impatient difcontented 
temper, but out of a real holy affection. When worldly 
men are oppreffed with troubles on all fides, and lee 
no way to eicape, they are apt to clelire death, that it 
may bring their mifery to an end, and put them out of 
their pain. And there are fome mofl miferable and ab- 
ject cowards, who murder themfelves to get rid of the 
troubles of life. Thefe men court death as a lefs evil, 
but the believer ddires it as a real bleffing. He knows 
that his death will be to the glory of his Saviour ; for 
it grieves him to the heart that he fliould ever do any 
Vhing difpleafing to fuch a kind Benefactor. After re- 
ceiving fo many tokens of Chi ill's love, Oh- it is indeed 

a Hi i it ing 


affiiding to give him the leaft offence. I appeal to 
yourf elves. You that have the love of Jefus in your 
i, ;ts, are not you lorry that you love him fo little? 
Ila\e not vou reaion daily to mourn for your ingrati- 

e to hi rn ? and what will Inch thoughts fuggcft, but 
a dv.Miiv to be where the very occafion of offence will 
be removed ? It was on this account that Mr Hervey 
clefired death : for the iait morning of his life, when 
his brother came in to inquire afterhis welfare, he faid, 
I have been thinking of my great ingratitude to my 
God. And thefe thoughts made him vvifh to be de- 
livered from the bondage of corruption, into the glo- 
rious liberty of the children of God. 

And he defircd it as Simeon did, and all believers 
do, upon another motive, namely, becaufe the Lord 
will get hirnfelf honour, by the honour which he will 
give to his people in his kingdom. He will be glorified^ 
fays the apofHe, in his jaints ; he will get himielf glory 
by the great glory which he will bellow upon them. 
And as the believer has, in all things, an eye to God's 
glory, fo has he cfpecially in his defires to be diffblved 
and to be with Chrirh Hs knows that God is glorified 
in him, and by him at prcfent ; but then it is imper- 
fedtly, and that grieves him. Self, or the creature, 
will be trying to (bare the heart with God, and thereby 
to rob him of his glory. A bare thought of this, when 
only rifmg in the mind, hurts the believer. He would 
have every thought brought into fubjc&ion to Chrift ; 
and that makes him defire to be where temptation and 
fin (hall be no more, and where he thall glorify God, 
and God (hall be glorified in him for ever and ever. 
With this view Mr Hervey de-fired to depart. His great 
love to his Siviour's glory made him wifh for death. 
He longed to be dilfolvcd, th:it he might be freed from 
the frailties and infirmities of this mortal life, under 
which he laboured, and could not always, nor in a 
jttrfecl degree, promote the glory of his redeeming 
God j therefore he dciircd to be with them who follow 


134 A S E R M O N ON 

the Lamb whitherfoever lie goeth, and are ever recei- 
ving glory from him, and ever giving glory to him. 
And the Lord granted his defire ; he literally anivvercd 
his prayer ; for he departed in peace, according to the 
word of God, as I purpofed to ihew under my third 

What it is to be at peace with God, and to depart 
with a fenfe of this peace upon our minds, I cannot 
better exprefs, than in the excellent words of the pre- 
fent Archbilhop of Canterbury, in his Nine jcrmons, p. 
152. u "The peace of God is that fenfe of being in 
<c friendfhip with him, that feeling of comfort and 
<l joy flowing from him, ivhich pa []eth all under jl and- 
" /-, exceeds the conceptions of thole who have not 
44 experienced it, and will exceed hereafter the pre- 
44 lent conceptions of thole who have/* And the be- 
liever, even when he is departing this life, has a fenfe 
of his being in friendihip with God, and has a feeling 
of comfort and joy flowing from him. This is pro- 
mifed in fcripture, and this is fulfilled to them who, 
being justified by faith, have peace with God: being 
reconciled to the Father through the Son of his love, 
they live, and they die in peace j 

I fuppofe fome weak in the faith are thinking thus 
within themfelves : "Well, is it fo,thattrue believers 
44 die in peace and joy ? I am fure I could not at pre- 
44 lent ; for I am dreadfully afraid of death ; and 
4i what would not I give to be delivered from thefe 
44 fears ; for they make my life miferable." My bre- 
thren, why are you in bondage to them ? God offers 
you deliverance. There are many general promifes in 
his word, that let what will happen to believers, the 
peace of God fiiall rule in their hearts. Thus, //. 
xxvi. 3. u Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whole 
44 mind is (laid upon thce." \nd as it is a perfect, fo it 
is a continual peace. u The Lord of peace himielf," 
fays the apoflle, 2 Theff'. iii. 16. " give you peacs al- 
44 ways by all means :" for after he has once given this 


peace, he makes all means, even the moft unlikely, 
tend to the promoting of it ; therefore death can by 
no means weaken, and much leis defh oy, this peace 
of God. Thefe general promifes he fulfilled to the 
patriarchs : for St Paiil fays, Heb. xi. 13, " That 
*' they all died in faith :" they aded faith in their 
death, and confequently had a fweet fenfe of the peace 
of God in their hearts when they died, David (hews 
us the reaibn of their dying in faith, PfnL xlviii. 14. 
44 This God is our God for ever and ever, he {hall 
<c be our guide even unto death." They knew that 
their God would be with them to guide and keep 
them, when the body returned to duft, and the fpirit 
returned to God who gave it : and therefore David 
fpoke for himielf what each of them allb could fay, 
" When I walk through the value of the fhadow of 
" death, I will fear no evil, becaufe thou my God art 
" then with me : thy rod and thy flaff comfort me 
" even then,*' PfaL xxiii. 3. With this faith they 
looked upon death as di farmed of its fling and 
power to hurt ; and therefore they laid down their 
heads, and fell afleep in the arms of death, with as 
much compofure as any weary traveller ever longed 
for reft. They fell dflcep. The icripturefpeaks of their 
death under this beautiful image, Jo- teach us that death 
was as fweet to them as ever deep was to a hard-la- 
bouring man. The faithful fell afleep quietly and 
Composedly. And how fliould it be othcrwife ? they 
had no evil to fear ; for they were at peace with God. 
And what could death do to hurt that peace ? It does 
indeed difl'olve all other bonds, but it flrengthens this. 
It is the happy inftrument of fattening the bond of peace 
wi'h a tie which never never can be diiTolved, And 
when the faithful look upon death in this light, what 
is there in it but joy and peace, even a jov unfpeak-- 
ai>le, and a peace that lurpafTeth ajl undei {landing ? 

Perhaps fome of you think this is not always the 
cafe j becaufe there are very good men Who have had 


136 A S E R M O N ON 

firong conflicts rmd liruggles before death. Nay, my 
brethren, think not io wickedly of God. is it ac- 
cording to Ills word that the faithful (hall depart in 
peace, and do they not ? What ! can the word of 
God be broken ? No ; it mail (rand faft for ever and 
ever. And in the cnlc which you ftatc, it does not 
follow that this peace is weakened or destroyed, be- 
caufe it is tempted ; by no means. Theienle of this 
peace may remain when it is mod furiouily attacked ; 
for it is the peace of God. God gave it, and God 
keeps it ; and he may (utter the devil to tempt, but 
not to deftroy it. The more it is tempted, the more 
honour redounds to God for prcfcrving it in the fiery 
trial. It was more to God's glory to preferve his 
children in the fiery furnace, than to have kept them 
out of it. Doubtlefs he that has the power of death, 
will make his lait efforts, and try to lhake the faith 
of a dying believer. The devil will then fet upon 
him with all his fury. But though he be a roaring 
lion, yet he is chained ; and the almighty Saviour ib 
over-rules his malice and rage, that he makes them, 
work together for his glory and his people's good ; as 
he did remarkably in the laft efforts which the enemy 
made againft our dear brother. He favv him in 
great weaknefs of body, and then made a furious on- 
let againft his faith ; but the dear Immanuel was with 
him, and would not give him over into the enemy's 
hands. His faith was tried, and it came like gold out 
of the fire. He knew that it would be tried, and had 
therefore prepared himfelf for the fiery trial. Speak- 
ing of it to a faithful minifter of Chrift, who was often 
with him in his laft ikknefs, he faid, " How many. 
tc precious texts are there, big with the rich truths 
" of Chrift, which we do not comprehend, which we 
u know nothing of; and of thole which we do know, 
" how few do we remember \ Bonus textuarius eft 
41 bonus theolugus, ai.d that is the armour. The word 
" of God is the fword ; thefe texts are the weapons, 

u which 

&!R HEliVEY's DEATH. 137 

u which I muft ufe when that fubtle fpirit, that arch 
*' adverfary of mankind, comes to tempt and lift me 
" in my laft conflict. Surely I had need be well pro- 
44 vided with thefe weapons, I had need have my 
" quiver full of them, to anfwer Satan with texts one 
44 of the word of God when he aiFaults me." Satan 
did afTault him, but found him prepared and armed. 
Mr Hcrvey laid to his friends the day that he died, 
44 Oh you know not how great a conflict I have," 
And a/ter he had fat for fome time with his eyes con- 
flantly lift up towards heaven, and his hands clafped 
together in a praying form, he faid, 44 Now this great 
44 conflict is over." Jefus made him conqueror over 
ail the powers of darknefs ; having endeavoured to 
rob him of his peace ; but in vain, they left him in 
the Saviour's arms, never more to be tempted ; and 
he watched over him with the tendereit love, until he 
took him home. And when he went, he indeed de- 
parted in peace. His body feemed to be ready as well 
as his foul. When death came, he had not one Itrug- 
gle with it. There was not a fingle groan or figh, or 
any thing that could fhew the leaft unwillingnefs to 
depart. He had fuch a gentle difmiflion as he had 
prayed for in Simeon's words. He departed in peace, 
and fell afleep. 

I have now finimed what I had to offer upon the 
three particulars mentioned in my text ; and it ap- 
pears, that when a (inner is convinced of his want of 
a Saviour, and is convinced that Jefus is fuch a Savi- 
our as he wants, able and willing to fave to the utter- 
mod, and when he is made to fee his interelt in the 
perfect complete righteoufnefs of this adorable Savi- 
our, and is afTured of it from the word and Spirit of 
God, and from the fruits of righteoufnefs produced 
in his life and converfation, then he is prepared to 
die ; then he may delire it with fubmillion to God's 
Will ; and whenever death comes, he may expert to 
depart in peace, according to the word of God. Thefe 
VOL. V. N 22. S great 

A S E a M O N OH 

great truths I have illuftrated from fcripture and from, 
experience, more efpccially from the experience of 
our clear brother, now with the Lord, of whom I have 
fjioken nothing more than what the words of my text 
naturally, led me to fay. If I were to attempt to draw 
the character of this excellent man, I would confuler 
him in the feveral relations in which he Mood to God J 
and man, and would exhort you to follow him, fo 
fir as he followed Chrift. But the compafs of this 
difcourfe will not fuller me to enlarge. 1 can only 
oblerve ibme particular instances, from whence it 
will evidently appear that he had feen the falvation of 
Cod. He had a clear view of it by the eye of faith, 
and was able to act faith upon it, for his vvas a faith 
\vorkingby love. " We love God/' fays the beloved 
apollle, u becaule he firft loved us /'becaufe we know 
by faith that he firft lovtd us : fo that our love is the 
reflr-x acl: of his love to us. And Mr Hervey had great 
experience of God's love to him, and therefore hi 
heart was full of love to- God ; and out of the abund- 
irice of his heart his mouth fpake. There was fuch a 
iweetnels of heart love upon his tongue, that he ufed 
to fpeak of the love of the adorable Redeemer, like 
one wl:o had feen him face to face in the fulnefs of 
his glory. He \vould, with all the power 1 of language 
and dignity of fentiment, fpeak for along time together 
in praife of the evcr-bleffed Saviour. But you might 
plainly fee, though every body elfe was plcaled, yet he 
was not fatisfied with what he had faid. He thought 
he had not laid enough, and what he had faid fell far 
below his Lord's merit. But ilill he would'try again, 
and, indeed was never weary. You could not hear him 
fpc^k for any time upon this his favourite fubject, with- 
out being convinced that he felt what he laid ; and if 
you had any love of God, when you went into his 
company, his converfation would inflame it. He had 
an excellency, which I never fv to fo great a degree 
in any other peribn. lie never let an opportunity flip 



of fpcaking of the love of Ghrift. He would take oc- 
cafion from the inoft common incident, and yet it 
would not appear forced; for he had a wonderful ta- 
lent at fpiritualizing and improving whatever happen- 
ed about him ; by which means he hindered the con- 
veriatiou from turning upon trifling matter's, and, at 
the iame time, kept k up with ipirit and ulefulncls. 
Having let the Lord always oefore him, he law tlia 
love of God in every thing, and therefore it is not to 
be wondered that all objects and events Ihouldgivt him 
..occafion to {peak of it. In his lalt fickncls it conti- 
nued (till to be his favourite theme ; for whenever my 
friend, who was much with him, came into the room, 
he would begin to talk of the love of Clirilt, and of 
the great things which Chriii had done for him, until 
his breath failed him ; and as ibon as he had recover- 
ed himfelf a little, he would proceed upon the fame 
iweet iubjeft ; fo that he might have truly applied to 
himfelf the words of the prophet, u My mouth ihall 
*' be telling of thy .righteoulheis and of thy -lalvation 
" all the day long; for 1 know no end there rf." 

This heart-love to God appeared evide iy in every 
part of his character. As a miniller, his faith wrought 
by love to the fouls of men in all the offices of his 
function. While his health.permitted iiim, ue watch- 
ed like a faithful (heplierd over his flock. He ufed 
to viiit them from houfe to haufe, and to Ipeak freely 
to them of the ftate of their fouls ^ and when the 
weaknefs of his body obliged him to drop theie reli- 
gious vifits, he would often grieve, that he could not 
be more ufeful, and would {peak with great concern 
and uneafmeis of his not being able to preach oftener, 
and to do more for Chr-irt. In the pulpit he was fer- 
vent and earned with his people, and would often ex- 
ert himfelf beyond his ftrength : for he preached the 
.great doctrines of falvation, as one who had experi- 
enced the power of them. It was manifefl to all who 
heard him, that he felt what he fpakc. And when we 

S $ fpeafc 


ipeak what we know, and teftify what we have feen, 
then God blclles this experimental preaching. He 
puts a divine power and energy into it, and renders 
it effectual to awaken Tinners, to comfort them that 
mourn for fin, and to edify and build up the faithful. 
Mr Hervey had many happy proofs of the ufefulnefs 
of his preaching for each of theie purpofes ; and there- 
fore he did not think it enough to preach once a- week 
on the Lord's-day, but he fet up a weekly lecture at 
W tfton-Favell, which was very well attended, and 
%vas bklfed to many of his neighbours, who will be 
his glory and crown of rejoicing in the preicnce of the 
Lord Jefus Chriir, at his coming. 

He did not forget that he was a miniftcr in his own 
houie ; for he called his family together twice a- day 
to ferve God. It was his cuftom in the evening, after 
the iervants had read the Pfalms and the fecond lef- 
fon, to explain fome part of what had been read. In 
this cxercile he would fometimes dwell for half an 
hour ; and when he met with a fweet pafTage upon 
the love of Chrift, I have heard him fpcak for three 
quarters of an hour, and then he concluded with 

In the morning, when the family were met toge- 
ther, he ufed to afk the fervants. " Well ! where was 
*' our text laft night ?" And after they hnd repeated it, 
he made them give an account of what had been laid 
upon it ; and then he would repeat and enforce his laft 
right's diicourfe, concluding with prayer. 

In the afternoon, when he was called down to tea, 
he uied to bring his Hebrew Bible or Greek Teftament 
with him, and would either fpeak upon one verfe or 
upon feveral verfes, as occafion offered. This was 
generally an improving feafon. The glory of God is 
very feldom promoted at the tea-table ; but it was at 
Mr Hervey 's. Drinking tea with him was like being 
at an ordinance ; for it was fanclificd by the word of 
God and prayer, 



As a member of fociety, his faith wrought abun- 
dantly by love to his neighbour : for he was full of 
good works. His charities to the poor were very 
large ; and that he might be liberal to them, he was 
very frugal in his own exper.ces. He chofe rather to 
clothe the poor, than to give them money. He ufed 
to get fome judicious perfon to buy linen, coarfe cloth, 
itockings, Uioes, drc. for them at the beft hand, al- 
ledging that the poor could not buy fo good a commo- 
dity at the little (hops, and with driblets of money. 
" 1 am God's Reward," lays he, " for his poor, and 
" 1 muft hulband the little pittance i have to beftow 
" upon them, and make it go as far as poffible." But 
where money would be particularly ferviceable to a 
family long aJilicled with ilckneis, or to a prudent 
houfekeepcr who had met with great lofles in trade, 
he would give five, ten, or fifteen guineas at a time, 
taking care it ftiould not be known from whence the 
money came. 

He gave away a great number of good books, with 
fuitable inftructions for their ufe, and efpecially Bibles. 
In the blank leaf he frequently wrote fomething ftri- 
king, or elfe ftuck in a printed paper, relating to the 
promifes of God in and through Jefus Chrift. 

Mr Hervey's income was but iinall, and it may be 
wondered how he managed it ib well as to have fucli 
i'ums to fpare for charitable ufes ; but what money 
was left, after the family-expences were paid, and all 
the profits arifing from the fale of his books, which 
was a very confiderable ium, he gave away in charity. 
He made of it a bank for the poor. " And this," 
lays he, " I have devoted to God. I will on no ac- 

' count apply it to any worldly ufes. I write not for 

' profit or for fame, but to ferve the caufe of God ; 

c and as he has blefled my attempt, I think myfelf 
^ bound to relieve the diftrefles of my fcllow-crta- 

;t tures with the profit that comes from this quarter." 
And he is flill relieving them. He was not willing 



that hre charities fhould die with him ; for he ordered 
all the proiit arifing from the future Tale of his books 
to be conftantly applied to charitable uies. Thus, 
liaving believed in God, he was careful to maintain 
good works, knowing that thefe things are good and 
profitable unto men. 

In his private life he was under the influence of the 
fame faith, working by love to the will and command- 
ments of God. His holy walking was very exemplary. 
What he laid, in words, concerning his intereft in the 
Redeemer's righteoufnefs, he proved by his actions ; 
for he was very fenfible of the importance of this 
fcripturc, " He that, faith he, a'bideth in him, ought 
tl himleJf alfo to walk, even as he walked." (i John 
ii. 6.) Mr Hervcy walked yery clofc after Chrift^ 
and found that the belief of Chrift's righteoufnefs be- 
ing imputed to him for his juftification, was fo far 
-from being a licentious doctrine, that it infpired him 
with the noblefl motives to a grateful obedience. His 
lioly life was an excellent recommendation of his 
principles : for 1 never faw one who came up fo near 
to the fcripture- character of a Chriflian. God had en- 
riched him with great gifts, and with great graces, 
and had made him humble : for he was humbled by 
the power of grace. He had been a very vain proud 
young man ; but the grace of God emptied him of 
pride and felf, and clothed him with humility. Ha- 
ving put on Chrift, he had put on with him the orna- 
ment of a meek and quiet fpirit ; which appeared in 
his great patience and reiignation to the will of God. 
He had fame very (harp trials of his faith and .patience, 
both from God and from men, and he learned obedi- 
ence by the things which he fuffered. It was very 
remarkable, that in his long illnefs he was never 
known to fret or be uneafy ; nor did the perfons a- 
bout him ever hear one angry, or one hafty word come 
out of his mouth. 

The fame principle of faith working by love was 



manifeft in his ftudies, which he diretfed to the glory 
of God. He was once a great reader of the Greek 
and Roman authors, and his writings mew that he 
had a good tafle for claffical learning ; but for fome 
years paft he chiefly applied himfelf to the ftudy of 
the facred fcriptures. God had blefled him with a fine 
underftanding, and a great memory, which he cxer- 
cifed in reading the Bible in the original languages. 
He was very well fkilled in the Hebrew, and was an 
excellent critic in the Greek, and was a fcribe inflrucl- 
ed unto the kingdom of heaven, who, like unto a 
man that is an houfeholder, bringeth forth out of his 
treafurc things new and old. He had a great venera- 
tion for this treafure of the Old and New Teftaments. 
He ufed to talk of them in the highcft terms, next to- 
that adorable perfon of whom they treat. They were 
fwccter to him than honey and the honey-comb; and 
fo they will be to every one who reads them, as he 
did, with faith. Whoever can aft faith upon the ex- 
ceeding great and precious promifes contained in the 
facred volume, wil-1 find fo much fweetnefs in it, that 
he will have but little relim left for other books. 

As tahis writings, I leave them to fpeak for them- 
felves. They ftand in no need of my praifes. They 
are in the hands of the public, and every reader will 
form his own judgment. Oh that the Spirit of the 
living God may dircft it, that whoever reads his wri- 
tings may learn to have no confidence in the flefli, but 
to make mention of Jehovah's righteouineis, even of 
his only. 

The time would fail me, if I was to enlarge upon 
all the particulars of his life and death. That was 
not my defign. 1 only intended briefly to relate fome 
things, from whence a tolerable judgment might be 
formed of Mr Hervey's charafter. But I cannot finifli 
without taking notice of the laft fcene of his life, 
which was very triumphant and glorious. The hit 
ad great trial of his faith was more precious than 



that of gold which periflieth. Its precioufncfs never 1 
appeared more tlian in the hour of death ; for then he 
evidently law by faith, and apprehended the falvation 
of God, and could rejoice in a clear view of his own 
intcreit in it. When Dr Stonehoufc law him for the 
laft time, namely, on Chriilmas-day, about two hours 
before he expired, Mr Hervey prtiled home upon him. 
his everlafling concerns, in the molt affectionate man- 
ner ; telling him that here is no abiding place, and 
b; . ing of him to attend, amidft the multiplicity of 
his Lmnneis, to the one thing needful. 

The doctor, feeing the great difficulty and pain with 
which he fpoke, (for he was almoit fuffocatcd with 
phlegm and frequent vomitings,) and finding, by his 
pulie, that the pangs of death were then coming on, 
deiired that he would {pare himfelf. " No," fays he, 
" Doctor, no. You tell me I have but few moments 
4C to live ; Oh let me fpend them in adoring our great 
44 Redeemer. Though ray fiefh and my heart fail me, 
u yet God is the ftrength of my heart, and my por- 
4t tion for ever." He then expatiated in the mod 
linking manner upon thcfe words of St Paul, i Cor. 
iii. 22, 23. " All things are yoars, life and death : for 
" ye are Chrift's." u Here," lays he, u is the trca- 
4 i'ure of a Chriftian. Death is reckoned amongft this 
vt inventory ; and a noble treafurc it is. How thank- 
t ful am I for death, as it is the paljage through which 
ct 1 pals to the Lord and Giver of eternal life, and as 
" it frees me foni all this mifery you now ice me en- 
u durc, and which I am willing to endure, as long 
tc as God thinks fit 1 for I know he will, by and by, 
" in his own good time, diftnifs me from the body. 
14 Thefe light niHictions are but for a moment, and 
u then conies an eternal weight of glory. Oh vvel- 
4t come, welcome death ! Thou may ft well be reck- 
tl oned among the treaiures of the Chriilian. To live 
41 h Chriit, but to die is gain." 

After which, as the doctor was taking his final leave 



of him, Mr Hervey cxprcfTed great gratitude for his 
vifits, though it had been long out of the power of 
medicine to cure him. He then paufed a little, and, 
with great ferenity and fweetnefs in his countenance, 
though the pangs of death were then on him, re- 
peated thefe triumphant words 

" Lord, now letteft thou thy fervant depart in 
" peace, according to thy moft holy and comfortable 
*' word : for mine eyes have ieen thy precious falva- 
*' tion. Here, Doctor, is my cordial What arc all 
*' cordials to the dying, compared to the ialvation of 
" Chrilt ? This, this fupports me." He found this 
fupporting him in his laft moments, and declared it, 
by laying, twice or thrice, Precious Jalvation ! and 
then leaning his head againrt the fide of the ealy chair 
in which he fat, he (hut his eyes, and fell afleep. Oh 
precious Ialvation ! how precious muft it be to the 
dying man, who, interefted in it, can thank God for 
d- ath, and reckon it among his riches ; who, fupport- 
ed by faith in the falvation of God, can account it 
his g-ain to die ; and can gladly fay, Oh welcome,, 
welcome death 1 May this faith i'upport you, my 
brethren, when all other fupports fail, and make ial- 
vation as precious to you as it v/as to Mr Hervey 1 
and of this you may be afTured, that what the Lord 
did for him he is able alfo to do for you. Hr was in- 
deed a glorious inftance of the power of grace ; for 
by the grace of God he was what he was. And grace 
is free ; as free for you as it was for him ; able alfo to 
make you live and die as much to the glory of God 
as he did He was truly a burning and mining light ; 
but the Lord's hand is not (hortened. It can make 
your light fhine alfo before men, and enable you to 
adorn the doctrine of God your Saviour as much as 
Mr Hervey did. And the great ufc to be made of his 
example is, to ftir you up to glorify God for the gifts 
arid graces beftowed upon him, and to defirc the fame 

VOL. V. N 22. T may 


may be beftowed upon you. With this view I mail 
apply it, 

//r/?, To thofe perfons who have never feen the fal~ 
vation of God, and confcquently, are not prepared 
to depart in peace ; and thefe are all carelefs Tinners, 
who live lecure in the wilful commiflion of iin. Mr 
Hervcy knew, that whenever the Lord (hould call 
him out of this life, he {hould be found in Chrift, not 
having his own righteoufnefs, which is of the law, 
but that which is through the faith- of Chrift, the righ- 
teoulhefs which is of God by faith ; and, clothed in 
this righteoufnefs, he was certain that he fhould ap- 
pear at the bar of juftice without fpot of fin, unto 
eternal falvation. But this is not your experience. 
Nay, you have never been awakened to defire it. You 
have never been humbled under a fenfe of your lofl 
condition, nor broken down under a conviction of 
your helplefTnefs : b that you have never ieen your 
want of a Saviour, and, coniequently, have never feen 
the falvation of our God. If you entertain any hopes 
of departing in peace, while you are in this Mate, you 
are of all men the moft deceived ; for w'?en death 
comes, it will find you in your finsnnpardoned, with- 
out any faith in the Redeemer's righteoufnefs to make 
death deferable, but with every thing that ean make it 
terrible. The holy, juft, and good law of the moft high 
God will accufe, confeience will plead guilty, juftice 
will condemn and punifii, and the wrath of God will 
abide upon you for ever and ever. Row is it pofftble 
yon (hould depart in peace, unlefs you die infenfible \ 
and that would be dreadful indeed-. If fin {hould fo 
far infatuate you, that you never awake out of its 
delufive (lumbers until you are called to receive the 
xir&ges of fin, Oh think what Tort of a peace you fpeak 
to yourfelves ! fince it leaves you in the greateft dan- 
ger, and, at the fame time, infenfible of it To de- 
part in fuch a falfe peace, would be your everlafting 
deitrucYton. Oh Sirs, cenfidcr then what a delufion 



you arc under I The wrath of an offended God abid- 
eth on you, the curies of his broken law hang over 
your guilty heads, and you are liable to the vengeance 
of his almighty jufticc ; and yet you think yourielves 
iafe. You are faying, Peace, peace, while all the 
powers in heaven and earth are at war with you, and 
in a moment you may be cut off, and delivered over 
to the tormentors ; and then you will have a lad and 
eternal experience of that awful threatening, ll There 
" is no peace, faith my God, to the wicked,*' 

Men and brethren, what d& you fay to thefe things ? 
Are they true, or are they not ? If they be true, why 
are you not influenced by them ? And if yon think 
ihem not true, why do you make any profeffion of 
the Chriftian religion ? why do you come to the 
lioufe of God to attend upon his ordinances ? Your 
appearance here ranks you among profefTors ; and if 
you keep up the form, without the power of godli- 
iiefs, I have for you, in the fecond place^ a word of 

There have arifen, in the latter days, mockers, who 
pretend to ridicule the feeing of the falvation of God, 
and the being thereby prepared to depart in peace. 
Poflibly there may be fome fuch amongft tu to-day, 
v/ho laugh at all vital and experimental religion. If 
there be, I would afk them, whether the fcripture has 
not promifed deliverance from the fear of death ? Is 
it not written, (Ileb. xi. 15.) *' That Chrift came to 
" deliver them who through fear of death were all 
* their life-time fubjecl to bondage ?" Obferve, they 
were in bondage to the fear of death, butChriflcameto 
deliver them. And did not he attain the end for which 
he came ? Moft certainly he did, " I have finifh- 
<e ed," fays he to his Father, u the work which thovj 
* c gavcft me to do." Now, it was part of the work 
to deliver his people from the fear of death j and as 
"the work was finilhed, confequently they are deliver- 
ed. And they fay they are. They atteft it, and they 

T 2 fcav 


h.ivc given the moft convincing proofs of their having 
conquered all fear of death: they have been afflicted, 
tormented, itoned, lawn afunder, put on the rack ; 
and yet they would not accept deliverance, becaufe 
they were fure of obtaining a better refurredion. 
And of tliefe there have not been two or three only, 
but a noble and numerous army, yea a great multi- 
tude, whom no man could number ; and, glory be to 
God, it is an increafing multitude : there are ibme who 
daily depart in peace, and there are hundreds, thou- 
iands now alive, who are waiting for their departure 
with hopes full of immortality ; and why mould you 
think they will be difappointed of their hope ? Will 
Chrifl break his word ? can his promife fail ? No : 
his word and his promife mall be eftablHhed, when 
heaven and earth (hall be no more ; and until the 
place of them (hall not be found, the Lord will always 
have fuch witnefles of the truth of the doctrine in 
my text, as Mr Hervey, who will depart this life in 
the triumph of faith. 

Againft thefe plain facts what can you object ? They 
re founded upon the clear promifes of icripture, 
which are literally fulfilled at this very day ; and you 
can have no pretence to reject their authority, unlefs 
you run inco downright fcepticifm, and deny the au- 
thority of the holy Icriptures. If any of you have 
arrived at this pitch of ridicule, I mail not reaibn with 
you at prefect. Let the day decide the point. If 
death does not, judgment will. You will be forced 
to be tried by that book which you reject, and by 
that Judge whom you have infulted and vilified. O 
that you may be convinced of your error before it be 
too late ! May God open your eyes to fee your guilt 
and your danger, that you may fue for mercy along 
with them who are fefking the experience of the doc- 
trine in my text ; to whom I have, in the third place, 
a word of comfort. 

I iuppofe there are many pcrfous here,, who find 


MR HERVEY's > E A T H. 149 

the fting of death in their guilty conferences, and 
who tftei efore de-fire to be delivered from the fear and 
fro n the power of d. ; ath'. My brethren, thtre is a glo- 
rious Deliverer, who has, in his own perfon, conquered 
death, and him that had the power of death ; and he 
is able to make you conquerors. His power is al- 
mighr.y : for he is the Lord God omnipotent ; and 
he is an all-loving Saviour, who is more ready to give, 
than you are to aik, his promifed help. Since he has 
jliewn you your want of it, afk and you mall have, 
leek and you fliall find. 

You do feek, you fay, but it is with many doubts 
and fears. Of what do you doubt ? of Chrift's power 
or of Chrift's love ? He can deliver you. All things 
are pollible to him, becaufe all power in heaven and 
canh is in his hands. And he is a God of love ; he 
lias (hewed mercy to the greateft of iinners, and has 
fhcd his love abroad in their hearts. He has given 
them faith to fee their intereft in him, and then they 
were happy living or dying: for whether they lived, 
they lived unto the Lord ; or whether they died, they 
died unto the Lord : fo that living and dying they 
were the Lord's. 

True, fay you, I believe this was the happy cafe of 
M! Heivey, and of many others ; but I am full of 
doubts and fears, becaufe I am fuch an unworthy 
creature, that 1 do not deierve any mercy. Nor did 
they : God did not treat them upon the footing of 
deiert ; wiiat he give them was bounty, flowing 
fro n the riches of his unmerited love. That is the 
way in which he beitows his great falvation. All the 
bleflings of it are free, as free for one (inner as for 
another. None are excluded, becaufe they are great 
(inners ; Paul found mercy : and none are rejected, 
becaufe of their nnworthinefs ; Mary Magdalen was 
p;t doned ; and why may not you ? For all the gifts 
of God flow from his free grace, and are beftowed 
upon unworthy finners ; and if you are one of them, 


A S E R M. O N ON 

you arc a proper objeft to receive the bleffings of free 
^race ; and the ienfe of your unworthinefs mould 
make you more earnelt in afking, but it is no bar to 
your receiving, all the blcilings of ialvation ; for Je- 
dus Chrift afllires us in his word, u that he came to 
44 feck and to fave that which was loft j fuch loft 
iinners as you are,. 

Thus you fee what encouragement you have to be- 
lieve in God. You have his word and his promife to 
rely upon ; you have the teftimony of God's people, 
declaring that they were once, as you are, afraid of 
death, but now Chriii has taken away the fear of it. 
They have feen the falvation of God, and know by 
faith, that all the We/lings of it are freely given them 
in Chriit Jcilis ; therefore they are ready, they defire 
to depart. May the tender mercies of our God bring 
every one of you into this happy ftate ! And to thofe 
who are already in it, I make my fourth remark. 

My Chrillian friends and brethren, you have feen 
the falvation of God, and are delivered from the fear 
of death : what return will you make unto the Lord 
for all the benefits which he hath done unto you? Cer- 
tainly you will not forget the great things which he 
has already given you, and the greater things for 
which you are waiting ; and let thefe confidcrations 
conllrain you to love this divine Benefa&or, and to 
lerve him without fear, in an holy obedience, all the 
days of your lives. Give evidence of the fmcerity of 
your love, as your Lord requires ; u If ye love me, 
" keep my commandments :" Keep near to me in my 
ways, and walk clofe with me in mine ordinances, and 
you will not only thereby give proof of your love, 
but it will alfo grow exceedingly ; and as it grows, 
your deiire to depart will grow with it ; for when the 
love of Chrift rules in the heart, yoju will be ready, 
yea, you will defire to depart, and to be with him. 
This was the happy experience of our deceafed bro- 
ther 5 and let his example iiir you up to great care 



and watchfulnefs in your holy walking heavenwards, 
that your faith may be always working by love, as 
he did. Confider the graces of his life, and leek the 
fame. Stop not fhort, but try to get beyond him. 
Confider his death. Remember with what perfect af- 
furance he fpake of his intereft in Chrift, and what 
ftrong proofs he gave of it ; and then pray that your 
faith may ftand as unfliaken as his was in that great 
time of trial. And, above all, forget not what fup- 
ported him in his laft moments ; it was the clear vicv/ 
he had of his intereft in the great falvation of God : 
" This, this," lays he, " fupports me," now at the 
approach of death. Oh how precious did falvation 
then appear to him, when he found death coming 
difarmed, and without a fling ! and it grew ftill 
more precious, when, with his laft breath, he decla- 
red that death had no power to hurt the peace of 
God, which ruled in his heart ; for even then he found 
falvation precious. You need not fear, my brethren, 
but this will be your happy experience. God has 
given you the knowledge of falvation by the rcmiflion 
of your fins ; and as your faith grows exceedingly., 
falvation' will grow exceedingly precious. The great- 
er experience you hereby get of the love of Chrift, the 
more will you be fupported under the trials of life, 
and the better prepared for the trials of death* You 
will find, that the iwcet fenfe of Chrift's love in the 
heart, will enable you to rejoice in fuffcrihg, and then, 
you need rot fear but it will enable you to rejoice in 
the fufferings of death. For who or what (hall fepa- 
rate believers from the love of Chrift ? Shall the trou- 
bles of life, or the pains of death ? (hall tribulation, or 
tliftreis, or perfecution, or famine, or nakedncfs, or 
peril, or fword ? No ; in all'theie things we arc more 
than conquerors through him that loved us. More- 
than conquerors ! Oh gloi ions warfare, in which belie- 
vers not only conquer their enemies, but nHo reap in- 
numerable and endlcfs bldlings to thf mitivcs. Even 


A S E R. M O N OH 

death is to them a real blcfling ; they expedl it, they 
find it io, and they arc more than conquerors over it, 
through him that loved them. 

In the/rt/? place, I muft put you all in remembrance, 
that neither the words of my text, nor what has been 
faid upon them, will be of any benefit without a bl ef- 
fing from God. We cannot ice his falvation with the 
eye of faith, nor experience the power of it, without 
the help of his grace. It is from him, who has done 
all for us, that all muft be done in us ; and if iome 
good imprellions have been made this day upon any 
of your hearts, they will loon wear away, unlefs he 
preferve and ftrengthen them. If you defire, at prc- 
ient to live Mr Hervey's life, and to die his death, 
this defire will be inetfeclual, unlefs it be carried 
ad by the mighty working of God's Spirit: he is all 
in all. For which realbn we al ways' begin and always 
end the hearing of the word with prayer ; being af- 
fured, that if Paul fhould plant, and Apollos mould 
water, yet it would be to no purpofe, unlefs God 
mould give the increafe. Oh that it may be abundant 
this day to his glory, and to the good of your fouls. 
To that end let us pray 

O almighty and mod merciful God, we humbly be- 
feech thee to look down with mercy upon this con- 
gregation, and to blefs the words which we have 
heard this day with our outward ears. Make them 
the means of opening the blind eyes which have never 
feen their want of thy falvation, Lord, enlighten 
them, and help them to feek, until they find pardon 
and peace in thce. Be gracious to thofe who are now 
waiting upon thee, believing, that after they have 
feen thy falvation, they (hall be able to depart in peace. 
O Lord God, manifeft it unto them, and add this day 
to the number of thofe who have feen and experien- 
ced it. We defire to glorify thee for every living 
Chriftian who knows in whom he has believed, and is 


MR H E R V E Y ' s D E A T H. 

ready and prepared to depart in peace. We give all 
the praife to the riches of thy free grace. ,\nd we 
alfo blefs thy holy name for all thy iervants departed 
this life in thy faith and love, beseeching thee to give 
us -grace 4o to follow their good examples, as they 
followed Chrift ; that with them we may be parta- 
Icers of thy heavenly kingdom. Grant this, O Father, 
for Jefus ChrifPs fake, our only Mediator and Advo- 
cate ; to whom, with thee, and the Holy Spirit, three 
qo-equal,perfons in one Jehovah, be honour, and 
and bleflfmg, and praife, for ever and ever. 

. V. N 22. U R 


Q N 







CASE of NOAH, denouncing a Curfe upon CANAAN. 

Merfes profuN<io t pulchrior cvenit. HOK. 




THE reader will fee, from the date of the follow- 
ing letter, that it was written a confidcrable 
time ago. From which circumflancc he will probably 
conclude, that it was not intended for publication. 
A conjecture which is perfectly juit. The publication 
is owing to the Right Honourable perionage, whole 
name, though it would grace and recommend his pa- 
pers, the author is not allowed to mention. Her 


R fc M A R. K S, 6*. 

Ladyftiip's commands, which would admit of no ex- 
cufe, drew the remarks from his pen ; and her defire, 
which with him will always have the force of a com- 
mand, has brought them to the prefs. It will give 
him the higheft pleafure, if, while he is paying the 
debt of obedience and gratitude to a Noble friend, he 
may fupport the dignity of the divine word ; may 
raiie its efieem, and promote its ftudy among men : 
becaufe then he may reafonably hope to promote the 
be/I inter efts of his fellow-creatures ; and liibiervc 
that grand deitgnation of the almighty tVlajefty, ex- 
prefTed by the Pfalmifl, Thou haft magnified thy -word 
above all thy name * . 

* Pfal. cxxxviii. 2. 


AS you was plcafed to afk my opinion concerning 
LORD BOLI N G B JL o KL E'S remarks on thejcrip- 
tiiral hiftory, I have procured the book ; have perufed 
what relates to the fubjecT: ; and fubmit to yo'ur judg- 
ment -the thoughts which occurred ; alluring your* 
Lordfhip, that, though many might difcufs the point 
much more clearly and fatisfaftorily than the perfoii 
you favoured with your commands ; yet no one can 
think it a greater honour to receive them, or a great- 
er pleafureto execute them. 

" The Old teftament," it is alledged, " is no fuf- 
" ficient foundation for chronology from the beginning 
tt of time * ." To enter upon the niceties of chrono- 
logy^ would, perhaps, be too difficult a rcfearch ; at 
leaft, it would require from your Ladyfliip a more 

U 2 painful 

See Lord jgo/m^roAff's letters on the ftudy and ufe of bi- 
i>t>ry, vol. i. p. 98. 


painful attention, than I fhould chufe to occalion 
any of my letters. And I very frankly own, that 
am by no means matter of the argument, nor equal to 
the talk Others, 1 don't doubt, whole inclination 
has diipofed, and whole gen-ius has fitted them for 
this particulai (tudy, will undertake to decide the 
q'.ieilion, and give the honour where the honour is 
due. This, however, from a very icanty ibrvcy oi 
the cafe, I carealily difcern ; that the chronologer 
will no where find fuch memorable events for fixing his 
aeras, nor fuch early and fitbftantial aids for computing 
his time, as trom the Mojaic monuments, and the fa- 
cred annals. 

From the beginning of the world to the flood, we 
have ,an orderly gradation of time, marked out by the 
lives' of ten eminent patriarchs. From the Hood, we 
may proceed to that glorious promifc of a Redeemer, 
ni^de to .*4bt*kam; In thy Jeed fliall all the nations of 
tk earth be blejjcd. From this promife, to the mi- 
raculous deliverance of the Israelites from, Egyptian 
bondage. From thence to the building of Solomon's 
temple ; which was an illuftrious type * of that di- 
vine pcrfon, in lukom dwells all the fullness of the 
Godhead bodily, From the building of" this magnifi- 
cent flructure, to the demolition of it by the Babylo- 
nian monarch. From thence, to the conqueft of 
Babylon by Cyrus the Perfean. And from the reign 
of Cyrus, to that grand, that moft important of all 
tranfadlions, the death of Mefiiah the Prince; when 
\\c.finiflied the tranjgreffton^ and made an end of fins, 
and made reconciliation for iniquity ^ and brought in 
everlafting righteoujnefs f . 

The intermediate fpace, between each of thefe verjf 
diftinguiflied periods, may, I believe, be afcertained y 
to a confiderable decree of exaclncfs, from the fa- 
cred volumes. If fo, this will conftitute a more com - 


* Sen. xxii. 18. John ii. 21. -j- Dan. ix. 24. 


prehcrtfive and perfect fyftem of chronology, than care 
be derived from the Olympiads of the Grecians, or the 
tiegira of the Mahometans ; from the Pcrjian, the Ro- 
man, or any other epocha. 

But the hijlory of the Old Teftament is much more 
neceffary to be known, and much more cafy to be 
underftood. Yet this, my Lord iuggefts, is not a 
complete hiftory of the firfl ages *. We allow the fug- 
gtftion. It neither is, nor has materials for, a com- 
plete univerfal hiftory. It pretends to nothing more, 
than to relate the affairs of one particular family ; in 
which the church of G O D was to fubfift, and from 
which the SAVIOUR of men was to fpring. Ne- 
verthelefs, fo many collateral incidents are touched up- 
on, fo many branches of this main flream are occa- 
iionally puriued, as prefent us with a collection of 
the moft ancient^ the mod curious^ and moil inftruttivc 

Here we are brought acquainted with the creation 
of the world, and the formation of man. The origin 
offvil, both natural and moral, is difcovered in the 
fall of our firft parents ; and the difpleafure of GOD 
againft fin, is manifefted by the waters of a general 
deluge. Here we fee theprefervation of our fpecics in 
the ark, and repeopling of the earth by Noah; the in- 
vention of polite arts f, and the rife of ufeful manufac- 
tures J j the eftablifhment of nations, and the foun- 
ers of their principal kingdoms ||. Not to add, that 
thcfe records are the royal archives, in which the char- 

" Pag. 83. -f" Gen. iv. 2r. ^ Gen. iv. 20, 22. 
|| Gen. chnp. x. Which, though but little adverted to, b 
tbe nobleft piece uf geographical antiquity extant in the world. 
It (hews us how the whole earth, from the three (bus of Noah, 
was overlpread, inhabited, and denominated. It ciiic<^vers ihe 
true fource of the feveral nations ; about which profane au- 
thors either fay nothing at all, or elfe fay what is chimerical. 


ter of ourfovercignty * over the creatures isprcfervedv 
and the original drjwjjit of the covenant of grace j 
depolited. Here then, may we not challenge any, or 
nil the books, written in every language under hea- 
ven ? "What memoirs go ft} fur back into antiquity ? 
what memoirs arc/; interring to all mankind ? Had 
they been Iran tin itted to us by any Grecian or Roman 
author, how would they have been admired and va- 
lued ! how laviihly, and indeed how juitly, praifed ! 

Another excellency of thefe writings (and peculiar 
to thete nlonc) is, That they not only reach backward, 
as far as the vtty birth of things ; but proceed for- 
wards, even into the remfftefifittgrfty. They foretold 
the ruin of Babylon J, trie noblell, the bed fortified, 
and mod commodiouily lituated metropolis in the uni- 
v verfe ; who faid, and no one would have iufpccted it 
to be a vain boaft, / fliall be a lady for ever ||. Yet 
the fcriptures pronounced her utter deft rutf ion _{., anti 
fpecified the per/on who mould bring about this great 
cataftroplie. They pointed out the place of his a- 
i>odc ~ ; they deicribed him by ieveral etiftingxi/kixg 
circumftanccs -H- J they particularized the genius of 
Vis warlike enterprizss = ; they mentioned his very 

name / 

* Gen. i. 28. -j- Gen. lit. 15. ^ If. xiii. 19. &c. xv'u 
23, 24. j| If. xlvii. 7. 4- If. xiii. 19, 20. &c. xvi. 23, 24* 

+- If. xlvi. ii. 

-H- That he Ihould bcfiege and take the moft impregnable 1 
of cities. If. xlv. i, 2. ; that he (hould enrich himfelf with 
immenfe Ipoilf, If. xlv. 3. ;- that he (hotild net be a tyrant, 
but zjbfpherd to the captive Jeu's ; fhould reic-afe them from 
their captivity, and both permit and promote tfce rebuiklingof 
their temple, If, xliv. 28. 

= He is called a ravtnous blrd^ If. xlvi. tr. denoting his 
J?tcd+ aflivity, srd great exprttitfog. Which were move like 
the flight of ^fuiift-vnnge'd bird, (this is the exaft lenleof the 
original fy than the march ei~ an army, with all its encum- 
brances. This \i acknawl edged by Tigntnfs, :u liis fine expof- 



* ; all this, fome hundreds of years before the 
event took place, or the conqueror was born. 

They foretold the rejection and calamities of the 
difobedient yews ; who are the chief fubject of their 
hiftory ; (and this, furely, could not be with a view 
to aggrandize their nation, or to anfwer any iinifter 
clefign :) that they fhould be fubdued by their enemies, 
lofe the favour of their God, and the pofltffion of 
their native land ; yet not be fettled, as a colony, in 
ibme particular tract of the vigor's dominions, but 
bcjcatfered abroad under the whole heavens f. ^This 
was threatened by their J E HO V A H, this is re- 
corded in their books, and this is, even now, fo re- 
markably fulfilled, as to be a f?ct of the uimoft noto- 
riety. Go into the moft polite or moft barbarous 
countries, the neareft or moft difhnt parts of the 
world ; you will, every where, find living evidences 
of this fcriptuj al prediction. 

The icriptures fpeak in the moft explicit and per- 
emptory terms, with regard to the reparation of the 
Jc*ivs J. This reiteration could not be effected, at 


tulatory dilcourfe with Cj'rj/j: 7 a^wJi^ *t f , t r>** *<,?, r *- w 9 

if^wiras iKbui o-j xo\f'j fo\u, *(ji 7*To rtit Trap' tavla <?ua^t< 6f>i<ra<rflii. 

You fo far exceed the king of Armenia in tht fwif tuffs of your 
motions, that, before he cwldgcl together the few forces quar~ 
tered in his neighbourhood, y^u arc come from a dlft.i-.t country ', 
and have Jurr bunded him vith a large ai my. Xeij ^h. Cyro- 
paed. lib. III. Thus Alexander, whofe marches and whofe 
victories were almoft incredibly fwif't, is beautifully and ex- 
actly characterized by the prophet Daniel. As J wasconj?d;r- 
ing, behold', an he-goat came from the vjtft on th: face of the 
whole earth, and touched not the ground. Chap. vi:i. 5. No 
orator w'uh all the powers of language, could more beauti- 
fully have defcribcd the rapidity and the excent of the Mace- 
donian conquers; nor could any h'flori^n, though wriring 
-fcer the accomplifhment of the events, have defcnbed the;n 
more cxaftlj-. 

* If. xiiv. 28. xlv. i. -f Dcut. xxyiii. 64. Amos. ix. 9. 

:j: Ezeic. xi. i- t . Amos. ix. 14, 15. Zeth. xiv. 10, n. I have 



leaft could not be obferved, if they had been blended 
and incorporated with the inhabitants of other climes. 
Therefore, to be a. prej'uwptive proof of its accomplifh- 
ment ; and to render it, when accomplished, the moft 
ob/ervable of all revolutions ; they have lubfifted a dif- 
tintt people, amidft all the regions whither they have 
been driven. A molt fingular and aftonifhing cir- 
cumftance ! How Toon were the Dqmcs, the Saxons^ 
and the Normans, mingled with the Britons ! and how 
entirely are they all melted down and loft among the 
natives of our iile ! But the Jews, like a drop of oil 
on the water, have continued zjeparate community ; 
and, though difpcrfed into all nations, are not, through 
the long couric of feventeen hundred years, embodied 
xvith any. This is fuch a peculiarity in the diipenia- 
tions of providence, as I can never fufficiently admire : 
and is, I think, an undeniable voucher to the authen- 
ticity of the icriptures ; held forth, as it were by the 
hand of Omnipotence, in -the light of all the world. 

Such events the ancient fcriptures foretell, and/wofc 
fads they relate ; facts of incomparable grandeur, and 
events of the greateft importance. All which are deli- 
vered in fuch a inajejlic Jimplicity of ftyle, as nothing 


tiot ventured to determine, whether this reftoration of the 
'Je-ws is to he underftood of a return to their own country, or 
of their conversion to the faith of CHRI ST. Though I 
think, the litter is the meaning of the Holy Spirit; will be no 
iefs wonderful than the former ; and feems to be fupported 
by fuch paflages as the following. Theyjhall look on ME, -whom 
ihey have pierced, and mourn. The gift of repentance, not 
the circumftance of flace, is the material point, Zech. xiii. 10. 
When it/hall turn, not the tribes of Ifrael to Jerusalem, but 
the heart ot the Ifraelitfs to the LORD, 2 Cor. iii. 16. Then 
all I(rae\/ball be faved, Rom. xi. 26. fliall be made partakers 
of the goipel, of its facred privileges, and its great falvation. 
in which they will enjoy all, more than all the bleflings, which 
Canaan could afford. Of which, that goodly land, in its JUt- 
4aoQ fertility, affluence, and glory, was but a type. 


can equal but their precife yeracity. Yet thefe books 
Lord Bminybrokc difparages ; and, at the fame time, 
extols the writings of Tacitus . The remains of Tnci- 
tus, he tells us, 4k are precious remains *." Thole of 
the holy/'cripture u are dark and imperfect accounts f.* 1 
In Tacitus, u hiftory preferves her integrity and her 
44 luftre \" In the holy (ctipture, inilead of hiitory, 
you have u an heap of fables ; which can pretend to 
11 nothing but fome infcrutable truths, and therefore 
44 uielefs to mankind j| ." Every line of Tacitus has 
weight , and cannot be mentioned without admira- 
tion. Whereas, \\\e J acred hiftory is put upon a level 
with the extravgancies of *4madi* of Gaul \., and 
44 can never gain iufficient credit from any reafonable 
" man #.'* 

ii/hf) is this uncircumcifed Philiftine, faid David, that 
hefhoidddefy the armies of the living GO D = f And who 
is this Tacitus, would I afk, this darling author, that 
he fhould be railed to the fkies, while the divine hifto- 
rians are trodden to the duft ? If your Ladyfhip is 
unacquainted with his character, let me give it in the 
words of a moil elegant and mafterly critic : u Having 
44 coniidered the principal qualities of Tacitus as a 
44 writer and an hiftoi ian, 1 c.innot help thinking, 
44 that there is a falie iiiblimc and afFc<ftation in his 

44 defcriptions ; 

* Page i6r. -f Pa^e 108. + Pape 161. 

|| Page 121. P a R e I ^ ] f' -J- P^i^ i2r. 

, Page 118. If, in the page c . I have referred t;^ a;;tl tlie 

iencences I h<ve quoted, my Lord does not aim at thejcriptu- 
rat records, 1 lhall very willingly, nay, myl gladly acknowledge 
myfelf miltaken. To me, after a repeated an-l actentive pei u- 
ial of th<? paiTages, he appears to mean th f .fc, and tlulc /;/ ins.1- 
pally. He means, according to his own pi ofellion, fuck an- 
cient hijltjty as he had ban dcj'cribing (fee pag. 1 18.); and I am 
very fure, the principal fubjecl of the preceding meets was 
the facrfet. But why mould not his Lordlhip fpe::k his fcnti- 
mentb plainly ? Is it for* want of ingenuity ? t>r owing to dif- 
fidence in the caufe ? 

= i Sam. xvii. 26. 

VOL. V. N 22, X 


4 d' fcriptions ; a fcurrility and fattrical vein, with 
11 too cpigrammatica) a concilencis in iiis wit ; an a- 
" cut ncis, but too ipeculative, and' a polity over-ic- 
" fined in his obi'crvations ; a mali'iu^ M a ' ill-natu- 
" red turn in his characters ; a j)h;ioloj,n, u>o ai.: ; ; ;.#- 
*' ed and elevated in his realonhig.--, aiul a an ty in his 
" learning. In fhoj t, that he is in antiquity a pedant ; 
u in the philofophy of nature a iccptic ; in ni'Mvis 
" loofe ; 'in description gaudy and pompous ; in po- 
u litics i'ubilolous, refined, and knaviih *." 

Yet this is the writer that mult be placed in fuch 
jj;reat fuperiority to Mojes^ Jojhua, and Samuel; this 
the hiftory (rile Criticilm, and relent the indignity !) 
that is Ipoken of with applaufe and rapture, even while 
the iacred annals are treated with difrefpecl: and oblo- 

I might recount the glorious privileges exhibited in 
this blelTcd book ; the ineltirnable promijes made to the 
righteous ; the tendcrly-compalfionate invitations ad- 
clrefTed to Tinners ; the refined and exalted displays of 
morality ; with many other noble particulars ; which 
it is the prerogative of/cripture to contain, the wif- 
dom of mankind to believe, and the only felicity of 
our nature to be interefted in them, and influenced by 

But my Lord is ready to agree on thefe topics. He 
exprefTes, in fome places at lead, no diflike of the doc- 
trinal and prophetical parts. Nay, he has contrived 
an expedient to rclcue them from the difhonour which 
he would bring upon the hiftorici'l. He allows the 
former to be written under the infpiration of the holy 


* The treatife, which furnifhes me with this extraft, is writ- 
ten by Mr Hunter; is eir tied, Qkfcrvatibns on Tacitus; and, 
if my reader hu- not penifed them, I >!*re venture to afliire him, 
that he hat one of the higheft entertainments in polite litera- 
ture yet to come. See page 184. 


and uner*.-ing Spirit. The latter, he affirms, are " pure- 
" ly human, and therefore fallible *." Proceeding 
upon this iuppofition, he fcruples not to reprefent 
them, as the devices of craft, or the blunders of ig- 
norance. "j~. 

I ran ft beg leave to obferve, that fach a diflinttion 
is without the leaft ground of reality to iupport it ; 
and would, if admitted, be an effectual method lojitb- 
vert the whole of revelation. For, if it could be pro- 
ved, that the authors of this hiftory were fb 'weak as 
to i 'I into palpable errors, where a common degree 
of Sagacity would have fecured them from miftaking; 
or if they were ib treacherous as to palm upon the 
world a multiplicity of forgeries ; ib impious as to a- 
f cribe their faliehoods to the GOD of truth ; this 
would at once ruin their character as men, and deftroy 
their credit as -writers. At this rate, who could de- 
pend upon their teftimony in any point whatever ? 

Beiides, many of th,e dodrinal parts of fcripture re- 
fer to, and are deriveafrom, the hiftorical. If the lat- 
ter were a parcel of impolitions and miilakes, what 
degree of veracity or dignity could the former claim ? 
If tne foundation is a bubble, how can the fupcrftruc- 
ture ftand ? VVhcther his Lordfhip, by iuch a ipecious 
pretence affcrving the intercfts of true religion, in- 
tended iecretly to undermine it, 1 will not prefume 
to lay. But this I may venture to declare, that his 
icheme is very fhrewdly calculated to compafsfuch an 
end. Grant what his LorcluYip afks ; and what all the 
enemies of Ciiriftianity wifh, will undoubtedly follow. 

Farther, Madam, fuch a diftinclion is contrary to 
the exprels declaration of the New Teftament ; which 
pofitively aflcrts, that A L L jc ripture is given by injpi- 

X 2 ration 

' Page 96. 

j- That this is no aggravated imputation, every attentive 
reader of his Lord/hip's letters will eafily perceive; and I be- 
lieve, it will appear too plainly from the paflages to be produ- 
ced in the iequcl of this epifllc. 


ration of GOD *. Our blcflcd LORD, who 

\ c rv well qualified to (i'jcirn truth, and equally zea- 
lous to maintain it, makes no Inch difference, lie 
lays in general, Search the jcripturcs f ; the whole col- 
lection of facred writings Whatjocvcr things, adds 
St Paul, not ibme particular padages only, hut 
WHATSOEVER THINGS were writ en aforetime, 
were written for our learning J ; and mult therefore 
have been under iuch a divine fupenntendency, as fe- 
cured them from 'all poilibility of error. Otherwife, 
they might be written, not for pur learning, but for 
our deception. So that St Paul's direction is as con- 
trary to Lord Balingbrvjidt difttnction, as the eaft is 
pppofitc to the weft. We n>ay as foon bring thofe 
two points of the hemifphere together, as reconcile 
his Lordfliip's refinements with the apoltle's religion. 
1 believe it will be equally difficult to render his 
Lordfliip confident with himfelf. His conceffion over- 
throws his diflinttion. Admitting the doctrinal parts 
of the fcripture to be true, the veracity of the hillo- 
rical is, by necc(Jary conjtquence, and beyond all con- 
tradiction, cftabliflicd. They are indi ffbtubty connect- 
ed : they mutually bear on, and mutually fufrain each 
other ; and muft frand or fall together. They are like 
an arch molt exactly finilhed ; not a flonc of which 
can be taken away, without difconcerting the whole 
Jtruclurc ; arid like an arch firmly founded, as well as 
correctly finifhed, the more they are firejjed, the 
Jlronger they will appear, 

My Lord fays indeed, That CHRIST came not to* 
*' conieci ate all the written traditions of the 'Jews II ." 

*/ 1 1 

fie Jays it, but where or how does he prove it ? By 
written traditions of the Jews^ I fuppofe we arr lo 
lirxlerftand all the Hebrew j crip tures The drift of 


* 2 Tim. Hi. 16. -f- John v. 39. Rom. xv. 4. 

|| Page 4. 


the difcourte leads us to this fenfe. Now, it is appa- 
rent, that our Saviour has actually confederated, has fet 
the leal of authenticity and infallibility to the law of 
Mofes, to t/ie pialms, and to the prophets * . By ap- 
pealing to them as decifive, and by allowing them to 
be predidive, he has acknowledged them to be divine- 
ly inipired ; to be unqueftionably true. And a very 
little acquaintance with Jcwi/h antiquities will inform 
us, that, in thefe three partitions, the whole body of 
the Hebrew fcriptures is comprehended ? What 
then becomes of his Lordftiip's affertion ? or to whofc 
diicredit does it tend ; that of the 'Jciuijh fcriptures, 
or tliat of his own knowledge ? 

I mu(t defire your Lordlhip to take notice of the 
expreffion in this palfage. It is fomewhat fingular, and 
deferves a particular regard. Written traditions is 
the phrafc. Every one knows that we explode, and 
very juitly, thofe juper/iittous whimfies of the Jews^ 
which pafs under the denomination of traditions. Yet 
my Lord thinks proper, to call the hiftories of the 
Old Tejlament by this dijrcputable name ; only he ad- 
mits one difference, that whereas the former were 
tranfmitted by itrength of memory, the latter arc com- 
mitted to writing. But is this an honeft reprefenta- 
tion ? is this free from all malignant difguife ? 

Let us put the matter to the following trial. The 
word legend, when applied to any modern ftory, raifes 
the fame contemptible and abfurd idea, as the word 
tradition excites, when applied to any \fcwifli notion. 
Would my Lord, or would his friends think, that due 
honour or common juJHce was clone to his Jketch of 
t':c hi ft or y and ft ate of Europe, if it fliould be flyled, 
in our public papers, Lord Bolingbroktfj written If. 
gtn.1i f 'J'he impropriety and the malevolence of fuch 
a title would be undeniable and odious : Who then can 
vindicate the propriety of his Lordship's language, or 


* I/ukc xxiv. 44. 

166 R E MARKS 

O N 

clear it from being a moft injurious mifreprefentation 
of the lac red records ? which, however lome of the 
ts might come down, in a traditionary channel, to 
the writers, by palling through their hands, receive 
the ftamp of undoubted certainty ; and are no longer 
traditions, but qraclcs. 

I wifh this had been the only inftance of artifice and 
impofition uied in the letters under examination. 
Why are fo many idle talcs, and fcandalous Itories, 
raked together, and cxpoted to vie v * ? Why ? but 
to put a cheat upon the inattentive reader, and de- 
preciate f the dignity of the divine word ? depretiate 
it, much in the lame manner, as its mod illuitrious 
object and author w is formerly difhonoured ; not on- 
ly by the /,/ accvfafhttf t with which he was charged ; 
but alfo by the infamous company, with whom he was 
numbered. Did my Lord imagine, that thcfe tales 
were really believed, even by the warmelt advocates 
for holy writ ? No : he muft know in his confcience, 
that they never were received by the generality of di- 
vines ; 

* See paeres 85. 86, 88, 102, 108, 109. 
f I would by no means indulge A ^eiulant or cenforious hu- 
mour. Yet I c-mnot forbear thinking, that the icriptnres are 
too often depreciated in his Lordihip's performance; fome- 
times by fneer ; lometimes by cavil ; and fometimes even by 
languid approbation, or a counterfeit fort of praiie. Such as, 
" //"the foundation's of ChrifHamty have been laid in truth," 
page 123. " Paffages \\h\chfecrn favourable to the doftrine of 
** the Trinity." Pzge 98. 1 ho* 1 llioukl be loath to reject 
any tefliiuony in favour of Chriftianity ; Aill more loath to 

give up fo eminent a name as Lord B e to the Deiftical 

party ; yet I cannot prevail upon myfelf to acknowledge, that 
we are much, if at all obliged to him, for thefe poor, je- 
june, cold compliments. Such a tefrimony, and luch compli- 
ments, arejuft as lerviceable to the momentous caule, as a 
broken tooth is ferviceable to the eater, or a foot out tf joint 
to the walker. Prov. xxv. 19. They are, in truth, mere 
tufa, ajjpa or as Mr Pope moreftrongly expreflesthefentiment, 

They damn ivitb faint praiff. 


vines ; neither are mentioned by authors of difcern- 
ment, unlefs it be to confute and rejeti them. How- 
ever, be they credited or not, it was apprehended, 
they might ierve a purpofe. But whether it be the 
purpofe of integrity, impartiality, and truth, 1 leave 
to the determination of others. 

Still it is urged, That thefe fcriptures are <c full of 
" additions, interpolations, and tranipofitions*." 
That they arc full of additions, is more eafily afTerted 
than evinced. I can find but one inftance fpeciiied by 
his Lo'dfliip. Which is the account " of the death 
" and fepulchre of MuJ'es^ with a Tort of funeral pa- 
" negyric f," recorded in the laft chapter of Deutero- 
nomy. Here it is taken for granted, that we are re- 
duced to a terrible dilemma, either to own, that this 
paragraph was written by Mofes himjelf; and then we 
may expecl to hear of impoffibility and abfurdity ; 
or elfe, that it is all fuppofitious ; and then the fcrip- 
tures muft have pafltd through tampering fingers, and 
fuffered adulteration ? But luppofe this fmall appen- 
dix was made by Jo/'ma; a man, whofe mind was 
illuminated, and his hand guided, by the Spirit of 
the Moft High ? Does fitch an addition deierve to be 
branded with an ignominious^ or even brought into 
difefteem bya/nfpicious character ? Or, what if fame 
other prophet, whofe name is unknown, fuperadded 
this valuable anecdote ? Is the concealment of the 
penman's name fufficient to impeach the gc-nuinenefs, 
or invalidate the authority, of the paflan-e ? eipeciaily, 
fince it has been approved by other iqfpired writers, 
and received the Imprimatur of the Holy Ghoft ? I 
know not who is the printer of his Lordliip's t^wo vo- 
lumes ; yet, though ignorant of this circumftance, for 
other very fatisfatfory reafons, I have no doubt but 
they arc the genuine produ^lioiis of his pen. 


95. 9 6 * 

168 REMARKS o tf 

My Lord would have done well to confider, whe- 
ther it was a probable or a practicable thing, to intrr- 
polute a let of books, which were fhidied with fo 
much accuracy, and kept with fo much vigilance; the 
nunii t of whole veries, clpecially in the Pentateuch^ 
was computed ; and the arrangement of the very let- 
ters known. Whether, aftei 7 the coming of Chrifr, 
the jealous eye which the Jeius and Chriftlans had oa 
each other, was not an uuiurmountnble bar again ft 
any innovations or material alterations \ As for fran/- 
pojitiour, ihry are uicd by the moft approved hiftori- 
ans. When uled with judgment, they redound to the 
reputation of the writer, and increafe the pleafure of 
the reader. And would his Lordfliip make that adit". 
paragemcnt of the facred narrative, which is a recom- 
mendation of any ordinary compofition ? 

But my Lord imagines, that he lias found out a 
fubftantial reafon for the aforementioned diltinction ; 
has detected fuch improprieties in the facred narra~ 
tive, u as contradict all our notions of order and of 
41 juftice *." He produces, by way of jpccimcn, the 
cale of Noah denouncing a curfe upon Canaan. This, 
it i'eems, is the capital abfurdity ; this the glaring er- 
ror ; which, he concludes, is Sufficient to uncanonize 
tlie hiitories of the Old Tcftamcnt, and degrade their 
writers from the clafsof inipiration. '1'his, therefore, 
if your Ludyfhip pleafcs, we will examine a little more 

The charge in general is thus exprcfled, " One is 
u tempted to think, that the patriarch was (till 
" drunk ; and that no man in his fenfes could hold 
<l fnch language, or pals fuch a fentence.-" Was 1 at 
leiiure to ci iticile upon words, I fliould be tempted to 
obferve, that the diction lt no man could hold fuch 
" language," may be French^ but is fcarcely Englifli* 

* Page no. 


However, from the expreffion Ipafs to the fentiment. 
This, for candour znd/blidity, is much like the re- 
flection of the Jews, on the memorable day of Pcnte- 
coft. When the apoftles addrefTed the inhabitants of 
Various countries, each in his own native tongue ; 
fome of their hearers afcribed this miraculous ability 
to what I we are amazed, when we read, to the in- 
toxicating power of wine *. Strange ! that exceffive 
drinking, which incapacitates other people for talk- 
ing common fenfe, mould enable the difciples of CHRIST 
to f'peak all kinds of languages ! - Is it not equally 
itrange, that a drunken diibrder mould enable the 
patriarch to deliver* prophecies, and foretel future 
events ! which (as I hope to prove) was the real im- 
port of the ipeech. 

Perhaps, this curfe may feem. to be the effect, if not 
of diforderly indulgence, yet of intemperate paffion. 
And how incompatible is this With the character of a 
preacher of righteoufnefs ? Surely Noah mould not 
have been fo forward to call for the thunderbolts of 
vengeance. Any benevolent man, much more a pious 
progenitor, would rather have deprecated the blow. 
I wonder, his Lordfhip did not ftart this objection ; 
which would have been much more plaulible, and 
much Icfs mocking. To this, in cafe it had been 
ftarted, we might reply, That Noah acted as the 
oracle of GOD. This, and many other fuch paflTages, 
which feem to be imprecations, are really predictions. 
Holy men fpoke, as they were influenced by the Spi- 
rit ; and uttered, not the fuggeflions of their own 
minds, but the will of almighty GOD. Which in- 
clines me to think, it might be no lefs proper, and 
much more fuitable to the prophetic ftyle, if we tranf- 
lated fuch paffages, as indicatives, rather than impera- 
tives ; making them declaratory of what is decreed inj 
the cabinet of heaven, and will as certainly take place, 

' Acts ii. 13* 

VOL, V. N' 22. Y 


as if it already exifted. CulTed //, rather than be? 
C.:;;..v>:. Blelfed of the LORD ;V, inftead of&r, 
Ris land, Deut. xxxiii. 13. Thus Ifaiah, foretelling 
the incarnation of that wonderful and adorable per- 
Ibn, whom he ftyles the mighty GOD, fays, To us a 
a child is born * ; fo calling the tilings that are not, 
as though they lucre. Such a manner of fpeaking 
would remove from this particular paflTage, all that 
founds har/Jiy or feems uncharitable ; and would, irf 
the general, impart an unequalled rnajefty j- to the lan- 
guage of fcripturs. 

It was GOD then, and not man, from whom this 
avenging fentence came. And G O D r to fliew his 
utter deteftation of all iniquity, to manifeit his fin- 
gular delight in all virtue, frequently takes occaiion 
to denounce vengeanpe, or prom-ife happinefs, when 
ibme notorious evil is commited, or fbroe laudable 
good performed. And was there not a molt noto- 
rious evil committed here ? Charity , lays the apol- 
tle, covereth all things 1 ; draws a veil over the va- 
rious infirmities of every common neighbour. But 
this- man (man (hall 1 fay ? rather monfler of ingrati- 
tude) 1 fees the fhame of a father^ an aged || father, 
a pious father ; and inftead of concealing, when he co- 
methfortkj he telleth if. Fools they are, abandoned 
profligates, that make a mock at Jin. What name then 


* If. ix. 6. 

f Blrfjl-dbCi is what any holy perlbn might fay, and compre- 
hends no more than a fupplicatory benediction. Riejfcd is, 
funs only themouthof a prophst, and implies an authoritative 

^ i Cor. xiii. 7. -rats. ah. This is one article in the fineft 
difplay official virtue that ever was exhibited to the world; 
and mould, I think, be tranQ.ued (not beartth, but) cover etb 
or concealeth all things The natural import of the wordjuflt- 
jies, and the context evidently requires this fenfe. Otherwife, 
the firfl and lafl claufes of the verfe will co-incide in their 
, or rather make an unmeaning tautology, 
|| Lev. >:ix. 32. 


can be badenough for a prophanc and unnatural wretch, 
who makes fport with a parent's folly, a parent's 1m- 
iulnels, a parent's mifery ? Surely this was a mod 
flagrant violation of filial reverence, filial love, and 
filial duty *. Which not only implied ib many par- 
ticular offences, each attended with its rejpeftive guilt, 
but indicated the offender to be d^ftitute of all piety, 
For, to argue in the apoflle's ftrain, how could this 
man venerate a father in heaven, whom he had not 
feen ; jf he was fo irreverent to a father on earth, 
whom he bad feen ? 

But fuppofing the turpitude and immorality of the 
action to be very enormous, and fuch as deferyed fome 
iignal vengeance ; the vengeance, it is objected, was 
mifapplied. t; For Ham alone offended : Canaan was 
" innocent," My Lord is not furc that Canaan was 
innocent, though he aiTerts it pretty confidently. The 
contrary notion has obtained among the Jews. They 
apprehend, that Canaan was iirft in the tran%reflion, 
and, inftead of being reproved, was imitated by his 
father. Biihop Patrick, Mr Poole^ and other eminent 
Y 2 commentators, 

* The turpitude and immorality of this offence will appear 
in blacker colours, if we confider the very peculiar reverence, 
which, iu thofe days of primitive fimphcity, was paid to any 
aged perfon, much more to an aged parent. 

Credfbant hoc grandc nefas, ft marts piandutrt 

Si juvenis vetulo non ajfurrexcrai t et jl 

Barbato suicunquc fucr. Juven. Satyr. XIII. 

We may fee, from that awful threatening, Prov. xxx. 17, 
with what extreme deteftation the moft holy GOD refents 
Hich an unnatural behaviour. The eye that MOCKETH AT 
HIS FATHER, and defpiftth to ricy his mother, the ravens 
of the valley Jh all pick it out, and the young eaglsjhall eat it. 
Nay, it fhould feem from this text, as though all nature was 
ready to teftify its abhorrence of t'uch a crime; and, rather 
than it fhould efcape condign pumthment, the mod infenCbl.e 
animals would rife up to execute vengeance. 


commentators think this to be no improbable opinion. 

If his Lordfhip was unacquainted with the Hebrew, 
he will fcarcely be thought qualified to pronounce fo 
peremptorily concerning a cafe related in that lan- 
guage. If he was acquainted with the original, he afts 
fomewhat unfairly in faying, " This notion is not 
" only without, but againfl the exprefs authority of 
" the text *." For he muft know, that it receives 
fome countenance even from the text itfelf. I would 
by no means offend your Ladyfhip's eyes, with any 
rugged figures, or uncouth quotations. But you may 
venture to believe me, when 1 afliire you, that the 
moft exacl tranflation of ver. 24. is, Noah kntiu -what 
his Jon had dune to him, the or that little one \. Ham could 
not fo properly be ftyled the little one ; fince he was 
the middlemoft, and is always placed in that order ; 
Shem, Ham, japheth. But the defcription agrees 
perfectly well with Canaan, the grandfon of Noah; 
and it was quftomary among the Jews, to call the 
grandchildren, the Jons of their grandfather. |. 

Canaan, it is added, u was alone curfed."- The 
words would run fmoother, if tranlpofed in this man- 
lier, Canaan alone was curled. As for the fafl, that 
wants fome better confirmation than my Lord's bare 
afTertion. To me it is evident, that Ham was not ex- 
empted from the curfe. What ? If it did not fall up- 
on him in perfon ? yet to be punifhed in his offspring 
jnufl be very affecting, and no lefs afflicting. 


* Page l.l j. 

j" Though it would have been very impolite, to quote He- 
brew in writing to a Lady ; it may be judged proper, perhaps 
be thought neceflary, now the letter is made public, to produce 
the original exprellion ; that where an argument is derived 
from \\\eprecifc (ignification of the phrafe, the Icarncdrcader 
may examine and determine for himfelf. reprf>3a Gen. ix. 
24. The word rap is ufed of Benjamin^ Jacob's youngeft for, 
and tranflated a little one, Gen. xliv. 20. 

:J:Gen. xxix. 5. i Chron. i. 17. 


But hold ; my Lord has foreftalled us in this reply. 
Jnftead of waiting for it, or acquiefcing in it ; he plays 
jt upon us, with an :;ir of triumph. tc Will it be faid, 
" this has been laid, that Ham was puniflied in 
" his poftcrity *." It has ; and, with his Lordfhip's 
leave, 1 will venture to fay it again. Nor mould I, 
in cafe Lord Bolingbroke was alive, have went farther 
than his own breaft, for a proof of my afTertion. Would 
he, with all his exalted ideas of liberty, have thought 
it no punifhment on himieif, provided he had been the 
father of children, to have heard them doomed to a 
itate ofjlavery; nay, to be, as he very rightly ex- 
plains the facred phrafe, u the vileft and worft of 
" flavcs \" efpecially if, like Ham, he was appoint- 
ed, in the courfe of providence, to be the father of fe- 
veral nations? and if the doom had been pronounced 
by a perfon, of whofe prophetic fpirit there was fo in- 
contellible an evidence, as the univerfal inundation 
was of Noah's. 

Since my Lord has no more communication with us 
or our affairs, I appeal to any, to every parental 
heart. Let nature, fond, compaffionate, yearning 
nature fpeak, whether the infliction of fuch a penalty 
on the fon, (perhaps a favourite fon, like Jofeph,} the 
fon's fons, and the lateft poflerity, whether this be 
not properly a punifliment of the father \ whether the 
father muft not feel by anticipation, what his wretched 
progeny muft endure in reality ! Nature once fpoke 
to fuch a query, and this was her language ; my fon 
Abfalom I my Jon, my Jon Abfalom ! 'would GOD I had 
died for thee ! Abfalom, my Jon , my fon \l Did hif- 
tory ever record, or poetry ever invent, fo melancholy 
a moan \ Jt breathes the very foul of wo ; and exem- 
plifies thefentiment,.whichhis Lordfhip would explode, 
David, it is plain, was puniflied in the calamitous 
xit of this young prince ; in the difaflers fuilained, 


* Page n;. | 2 Sara, xviii, 33. 


and the diforders committed, by his other children *. 
uidam thought him lei f punifhcd in the ruin which 
he brought upon the human race ; and laments it, 
in the mod pathetic terms, as the fevereft diftreis at- 
tending bis apoftafy |. One wifer than Adam, one 
greater than David, whole judgment is always ac- 
cording to truth, is evidently of the fame opinion ; 
and, for that reafon, has formed the fanction of a molt 
iacred commandment, upon this very principle ; He 
"will vifit the iniquities of the fathers upon the children , 
unto the third and fourth generation of them that half 
him. What GOD has fo exprefsly threatened, he 
has actually done ; not on this only, but on various 
other emergencies. Thus Efau fuffered in his deicend- 
ents J ; Jehu in his family j] ; and Hezekiafi in his 
children ? who all, like the Canaaniter, were children 
of their fathers difobedience ^ ; inheritors of their fin, 
as well as of their name. But this would anticipate 
the reply to another objection. 

Where is the equity of curfing a people, that are 
yet unborn ? Does not this u contradict all our no- 

" tions 

* 2 Sain. xii. ip. 

f See the whole of Adam's difconiblate complaint; part of 
which are the following lines; 

-Yet well, if here would end 

The mi f cry ; I deferv'd it, and would bear 
My o-wn defervings : but this -will not ferve. 
Ail that 1 eat, or drink, or flail beget, 
Is propagated curfe. voice ! once heard 
Delightfully, Increafe and multiply ; 
Now death to hear ! 

Farad. Loft, book X. I. 

% Compare Gen. xxvii. 40. with 2 Sam. viii. 14. Thou/halt 
fcrve thy brother; here is the fentence. All they of Edom 
ibavid'sfervants; here its execution. 
Hof. i. 4. If. xxxix. 6, 7. 

"irum fuijusfln* ' Juv, Sat. XIJI. 


" tions of order and of juftice ?" It may be contrary 
to our notions, or at leaft it would be unjuftifiable in 
our practice ; but is quite otherwife with regard to 
the all-feeing GOD. Is it not agreeable to the ftrict- 
eft rules of juftice, for a magiftrate, when he has heard 
the witneffes, fummcd up the evidence, and found 
the prifoner guilty ; is it not agreeable to the ftrict- 
eft rules of juftice, to pafs fentence upon fuch a crimi- 
nal ? The queftion can admit of no doubt. Yet it is 
equally certain, that this was the very cafe with re- 
ference to the fupreme Judge, and thofe finners the 
Canaanites . They pra&ifed the grolfeft and moft inhu- 
man idolatries ; they abandoned themiclvestothe moft 
horrid immoraHties ; fuch as violated nature ; confound- 
ed all order ; and fuch as it would be Shocking even. 
to mention *. Now all thefe provoking crimes were 
prefent to the view of HIMj by whofe inipiration Noah 
fpake. He faw them with the fame circumftantial ex- 
actnefs, as if they had been already perpetrated. Let 
us take thefe very important particulars into confidera- 
tion, the exceffive wickednefs of thofe nations, and the 
all-forefseingdiftcrnmcnt of JEHOVAH ; and then who 
will dare to injinuate, that the evcrlafting Sovereign 
acted unjuftly ? that he launched the lightnings of his 
indignation, in an arbitrary manner, or upon an in- 
nocent people ? Who will be fo precipitate, as to af- 
firm with my Lord, that " no other writer but a* 
u Jew, could impute to the (economy of divine Pro- 
" vidcnce the accomplifhment of fuch a prediction ; 
ct nor make the Supreme Being the executor of fuch 
44 a curfe f ?" 

The former of thofe circumflances will appear in a 
proper light, what his LorcKhip calls, u cruelties com- 
*' mitted by Jofliuu in the conqueft of the Canaan- 
** ites" It will make them appear to be acts of righ- 
teous vengeance; a much-needed and moftdeJirableex- 

* Lev, xviii. 4. -^ Pag. i t e. 

176 REMARKS ox 

tirpation of a pcftilent people ; altogether as fervic~ 
able to the public, as it was formerly, to deftroy the 
wolves from our ifland ; or as it is, at prcfent, to de- 
liver over Come flagitious malefactors to the ientence 
of the law. Yet the execution of this vengeance was 
delayed, year after year, century after century. The 
leed of Abraham, for feveral ages, were not permitted 
to enter upon the pollellion of their deftined inheri- 
tance ; becaufe the iniquity of the Amorites, which was 
the caufe of their extermination, was not yet full *. 
Does it then befpeak the man of integrity, to repre- 
fent thofe proceedings of Jo/hua, under the abhorred 
irnag* of cruelties ; which were afts of a juftice, ex- 
emplary, lalutary, and greatly to be revered? Is it be- 
coming an honejt inquirer after truth, to fuggcft, with- 
out the lead fliadow of proof, ajelfif/i and malignant 
reafon, for the dedrueliori of the Ca naanites ; w)ien 
a reafon, the moll equitcble in its nature, the moft be- 
neficial in its contequences, is exprefsly and repeat- 
edly afligned by the iacred hiftorian f ? This I refer 
to your Ladyfhip's decifion ; who, I am fure, will not 
err on the uncharitable extreme j yet, 1 believe, will 


* Gen. xv. 16. 

f Gen. xv. 16. Deut. ix. 5. FOR THE WICKED- 
NESS of thofe nations, the LORD thy GOD doth drive 
them out from before thee. See alfo Lev. xviii. 25. Where 
the facrecl writer delcribes their execrable and unparalleled 
vilenefs, by one of the Urongeitand bokleft figures imaginable. 
So vile they were, that the very country loathed them; was 
weary to bear them ; and acted like a difgufted naufearing 
ftomach, when opprefTed with foul and ofFenlive food : Ihe 
land iifclfvomitctbout her inhabitants. ^Let nofqueami/h critic 
betray his falfe tatte, and worfe temper, by carping at the 
expreffton. But lee all be attonifacd at the outrageous im- 
piety of the Canaanites; and adore the vindictive arm of JE- 
HOVAH ; and acknowledge, that fuch horrible mifcreants 
were (not for fome reafons of ftate, as rny Lord is pleafed ro 
infinuate, deemed only, bat were) really, and on the 
f/antial principles of jullice, an accurfid race. Page 


find it difficult, with all your good-nature, to acquit the 
author of thcie letters from the charge of diftngenuity . 

May I not add, this way of foretelling, yet re- 
fpiting the punifhment, is gracious both in itfelf, 
and in its tonietjuences ? In itfelf j bccaufe a reprieve 
is always reckoned an alleviation of the lenience, e- 
ven though it be not the forerunner of a pardon. In 
its consequences j becaufc it afforded large ipace for rc- 
colle&ion, a. id lliould have awakened the offenders to 
a fenie of thdr guilt. It fliould have incited them to 
ufe all poflible, diligence to avert the daona, both by a 
perfonal reformation, and by educating their families 
religiouily. Why did they not act as king Ahab 
acled *, and argue as the men of Nineveh argued f, 
in a following age, but on a like occafion ? Infiead 
of this, inflead of betaking themfelves to coniidera- 
tion and prayer, to repentance and amendment, they 
ran to thejame, to greater excels of ungodlinefs. 

So that thefe people, being evidently inheritors of 
their father's finful nature, and obftinately periitting in 
their father's finful ways, we're mofl deferuedly partakers 
of his curie. And though; GOD is that uncontrollable 
Sovereign, who giveth not, is under no obligation to 
give, account of any of his matters J; though he often 
has reafons for his difpenfations absolutely unfearch- 
able by any mortal ; yet here he is clearly vindicated 
even before men, even before thefinners themfelves. 
They themfelves muft confefs the jufHce of their 
doom ; and own, fhat GOD Jiath done rightconjly, but 
they have done "wickedly ; that GOD has fliewed all 
iong-iuffcrii'g. and given full warning before the blow 
fell. Whereas they, notwithftanding this forbearance 
and this admonition, have continued incorrigible ; 
and without any other change, but that of becoming 
more confummately vile. 

* i Kings xxi. 27, 29. -f Jonah iii. 9 Job xxxiii. 13. 

V. N 22. Z 


Agreeably to all this, and conformably to the molt 
acknowledged rules of equity, it is declared by the 
iacred hiflorian, that the Anwritcs^ the deiccndents of 
Canaan, fuftered not till they had filled up the mcaiure 
of their iniquities *; their own, as well as their father's. 
All which, I fliould imagine, is fuHicient, not only 
to jujlify the counlels, but to glorify the judgments, 
of the great JEHOVAH, fufficient allo to /atiijy 
any inquirer, who is (as my Lord very handibmeiy 
expreffes himfclf) " candid but not implicit, willing 
* c to be informed yet curious to examine." 

My Lord's citrioflty to examine, (hall I fay ? or his re- 
fohmon to be diffitisfied ? proceeds Hill farther. Ac- 
cordingly he adds, " Who does not fee, that the 
" curie and the punifliment, in this cafe, fell on Ca- 
" nnan and his poitei ity, exclufively of the reft of the 
" pouVrity of tiam \?" The particle o/, fo frequent- 
ly repeated in a (ingle fentcnce, can hardly be admired 
as an elegance \ of Ipcech^ But^ taking no more notice 
of fuch little blemilhes, 1 flialj conlider the weight, 
not the polifh, of his Lordfhip's arguments. \s for 
this argument, 1 verily think, when laid in the balance 
of impartiality and candour, it will be found wanting. 
For, admitting the objection in its full icope, what 
fallows ? Why, that the righteous GOD pardoned 
Jonie criminals, when he might juftly punifh #// 


* Gen. xv. t6. *f" Page no, 112. 

^ This, and one or two proceeding remarks of the fame na- 
ture, are fcarcely worth our notice. Neither fliould I have 
mentioned the:n, had thty not fell in my way ; and were it 
rot .o put a query upon the popular notion, that his L^-rd- 
ih'p'^ Hyie is fc correct, elegant, and noble, as to he z]t<*nd' 
at d i^- fin' writing. It cannor, in mv apprehenfion, julily 
cijiin tltib honour. If others think differently, I le;ive them 
to enjoy the ; r opinion; and (hall not (though it would be 
pafy enocgh to multiply procf.,) add a word more upon the 


And if it fhould have pleated the fupreme Judge to 
repeal the fentence, and remit the penalty, with regard 
to ibme offenders, who mall arraign his conduct ? who 
lhall ceniure his providence ? To exerciie mercy is his 
great prerogative ; an aft not of debt, bu: of royal 
bounty, which he exerciles, when and to 'whom it 
icemeth good in his fight : / will have mercy on whom 
1 will hroe mercy *, is his high and holy reiolve. 

I might therefore anfvver his Loi diliip's qneftion, by 
afking another ; which I might propote, in the plain 
but folemn words of our LOUD JESUS CHRIST : 
" If thsfe are fpared, while thoje arc punilhtcl, ivhut 
u /'/ that to thee f Is thine eye evil^ becauje GOD is 
" gosdf" Bat 1 (lull rather reply to the objection, 
by denying the fact. The punilhment was not con- 
fined to Canaan and his poilerity. It reached the o- 
thcr delcendcnts of Ham; Mijraim himfelf, the fathtr 
of the Egyptian^, (as will befhewn in a proper place,) 
not excepted. Canaan, 'tis true, is particularity men- 
tioned. Becaufehe was (as from this very circumftaijcc 
is extremely probable) an accomplice \ with Ham, in 
the breach of filial duty. Becaule this branch of the 
family was more than ordinarily corrupt, nay, beyond 
ineajure vitious. Becaule the Canac.nitts were, in the 
Jirft place, and in the fulli-ft manner, to fed the ef- 
fects of the curie. And Mojes, being charged with a 
coimniffion to execute the vengeance on this people 
only^ had no occafion to concern himfelf with any o- 
ther. Juft as the f her iff of a county, demanding the 


* Rom. ix. 1 6. 

f This is rendered flill more credible, by that particularity 
of ftyle, which the icripture ul'es in fpeaking of Ham. ham 
the fitther vf Canaan, Gen. ix. 18, 2^. Why of Cann&n fo 
efpecially ? Had he^no other children, no other ions ! Several 
other. But this difVin&ion feems to be a brand of infamy fee 
upon the offender j and intimates, that he who v/as father of 
Canaan by blood, was his partner, was his brother in ini* 

I 2 


body of a condemned male faclor, produces the dead- 
warrant for his execution ; without intermeddling, or 
thinking himlelf under any neceifity to intermeddle, 
with the other prifoners in the jail. This leads me to 
a new, and, if I judge right, oy tar the molt import- 
ant inquiry ; namely, whether the curfe was executed, 
as well as pronounced f 

As I haften to the proof of this particular, my Lord 
embarraflTes and retards me with a frefh obftacle. He 
himfelf has thought proper to inform us, lt why the 
44 poiterity of Canaan was to be dscmed an accurfed 
44 race." But he lets the world know, " it is not fo 
u eafy to account, why the poflerity of the righ- 
tc teous Shem, that great example of filial reverence, 
" became flaves to another branch of the family of 
*f Ham> during more than fourfcore years *." I am 
by no means convinced, that the point propofed en- 
ters into the merits of our caufe. Should the reafons 
for this difpenfation remain an impenetrable fecret ; 
yet, if we clear up the propriety , and demonftrate the 
equity, of the curfe denounced, we compafs our main 
end, and confute the grand cenfure. However, as 
the queftion is prefe'nted, it fiiall be conlidered : and 
though his Lordmip fhould affercl tojneer, I chuie ra- 
ther, in imitation of thofe noble writers, whole dig- 
nity I would afTert, to bcjerious. 

Why were the Ifraelites fojonrncrs in Egypt f A 
reaibn occurs, that is worthy of a gracious GOD, and 
greatly for the public good : That they might carry 
thither the knowledge of the everlafling JEHOVAH, 
and of the promifcd MESSIAH; of the only ac- 
ceptable method of wormip, and the only eff'ettual way 
of falvation. As Egypt was the parent of literature, 
and the fountain-head of {cience ; as men of letters 
and curiolity came, from all parts of the world, to 


* Page 112. 


complete their ftudies at Egypt ; if thefe heavenly - 
doctrines were received THERE, they would be 
more likely, ibme dreams of them at leaft, to be 
transfuied into all climes, and improve every nation. 
So that the people of the LORD, the only depofi- 
taries of divine philofophy, were fettled in thfs land 
of general refort, with much the fame wife and bene- 
ticient views, as the ableft profeilbrs of learning are 
placed at our famous univeriities. 

But why were they flaves in Egypt f This might 
be to try them, and to humble them ; to (hew them 
what was in their heart, and to purge out their drofs. 
We .^.re taught in fcripture^that the Almighty chaftens 
whom he loves, and fcourges the men whom he re- 
ceiveth to himfelf. Even the heathen dailies, my 
Lord's favourite authors, have frequently remarked, 
That adverfity is a fchool, in which both private per- 
fons and public focieties have learned the moft heroic 
virtues. Befides, this might be intended to animate 
and infpirit the IJraelites for their invaiion of Canaan. 
They were, in the general, a fupine and grovelling * 
fet of people. Had they been fettled in a (late tole- 
rably eafy, or in territories that were but moderately 
commodious, they might never have alpired after the 
land flowing with milk and honey ; never have made 
any refolute efforts to polTefs their deftined inheritance. 
But, being driven by the lafli, and infligatcd by the 
goad, of pungent galling flavery, they were even con- 
ftrained to buril the chains, and pufli their way to 
liberty and Canaan. Their infuppurtable flavery was 
fomewhat like bending the bow, and ft raining the 
ft ring, in order to launch the arrow. Farther, GOD 


* Let none imagine, that the -wifdorn of GOD is impeach- 
ed, by felecTmg to himlelf a people of this character. * His 
clemency , his fur bear ance^ and all thole benign perfections, 
which are fo neceiT.try for the falvation of Tinners, are hereby 
difplayed with peculiar advantage, and to our uni'peakablecon- 


almighty allures Abraham, that his iced, though cn- 
liaved for a while, fhould conic out of their bondage 
with great (ul'jlance * / with the illver, the gold, the 
jewels, and the choiceft treafurcs of Egypt. So that, 
when labouring for their tajkmajiers, they were, in 
fad, labouring for thswfelves . The wealth of the 
opprcllbrs was laid up for the opprell'ed. And the 
feaibn of thrir aiiiic'tion in the enemies country, was 
like the rigorous cold of winter; which, far from ob- 
Hrucling, only makes preparation, for \\Abioff9mJJdi 
jpriag, and the Jruits of autumn. Theie confider- 
ations might h;we iolved the difficulty to his Lord- 
fliip, as a politician. 

Other rcafo'.is are fuggdled by our divines ; which, 
if my Lord had thought it worth his while to regard, 
might have given better fatisfaction, and yielded more 
edification. They would have reminded the Riqht 
Honourable querift, that iuch a gloomy afpecl: of the 
Jewijh affairs, made way for the brightest mauifefta-/ 
lion of GOD's glorious attributes ; of his power, in 
retelling them from their tyrannical rulers ; of his 
jnithjulncjs, in fulfilling his promiie made to their fa<- 
thers ; of \\j&goodwffs ^ in Supporting and conducting 
them; keeping them^ amidlt the moil formidable dan- 
gers, as the apple of an eye ; and bearing them, even 
through the moit infuperable difficulties, as on eagle'? 
wings f . This alib opened a mofl conjpicuous theatre, 
for that amazing train of miracles, which have been, 
in all ages, as ierviccable to the faith of Chriftians, as 
> they 

* Gen. xv. 14. 

f See Deut. xxxii. 10, it. Thefe, 1 think, are trmft delight- 
ful and Inimitably-delicate reprefentations. Let the pious critic 
try, if lie can conceive thole tender offices, that unintennltted 
vigilance, and aifiduity of protecting cherifhing cares, which 
are exprefled in thele fine images. For n>y part, I own my felt' 
incapable of defcribing them ; but moft earneltly wilh, that 
every reader as well as myfelf may learn them in that belt of 
ichools, the fchvjol of experience. 


they were formerly conducive to the welfare of the 
'Je-ws. They would farther have informed his Lord- 
fhip, and have confirmed their opinion by apoftolical 
authority, that the whole of this molt wonderful 
tranfaftion was typical of J'piritual things ; was a ferits 
*of living leiFons, delivered, according to the eaflern 
method of conveying knowledge, in iigures and em- 
blems. The Egyptian bondage was a refemblance of 
our natural condition ; which is a (late of the molt 
abjecl flavcry to fin. The arbitrary and injurious im- 
poiitions of the tajkmafiers fhadow forth, though but 
faintly, the tyranny of unruly appetites, and imperious 
pafiions. That barbarous edicl: for the deruclion of 
all the infant-males, fitly enough reprefents the genu- 
ine tendency of earned and corrupt affections ; which 
deftroy our true comfort, fubvert our nobleft interefts, 
are as death to the joys and to the hopes of our fouls. 
Their deliverance from that miserable ftate, was an 
expreflive (ign of our redemption from the guilt and 
the dominion of fin *. Both which the LORD 
JESUS accomplices ; the one by price, the other 
by power : not by Haying the firft-boi n, but by fhed- 
cUng his own blood ; not by ibftening rocks into a 
iiream, but taking away the heart of Itone ; not by 
turning the current of Jordan backward, but by turn- 

* The divine writer to the Hebrews^ makes the land of 
Canaan^ typical of a better country, even of an heavenly^ 
Heh. xi. 1 6. xii. 22. According to the fame author, the peace* 
fulfrttlement of the Ifraelites in Canaan^ I'uggeded to their 
thoughts, and pointed out to their faith, that tverlafling r<-/? 
\vhkh remaineth for the people of GOD, Heb. iii. 4, 5, & c . 
Since the terminus ad quern (as the fchoulmen fpeak) is evident- 
ly myftical and allegorical ; may we not conclude, that rhe 
terminus a quo is myttical and allegorical 1 kewile? Then it will 
follow, upon the cleared principles of analogy, rhat the irter- 
m diate Heps and advances are of the fime nature; fignifica- 
tive of refined andfpiritual things, under ear tiny mAf.nfiblc 
images. I'his, if I miltake not, is put beyond all doubt, i Cor. 

X. I, 2. &C, 

184 REMARKS o u- 

ing all our defires into a new channel. The many 
troubles and oppositions they met with in the wilder- 
neis, exhibit a lively piclure of the moleftations that 
attend, and the temptations that aflaylt, the Chriftian. 
Trials await us. Snares are around us. Through 
many conflicts, and much tribulation we muft enter in- 
to the kingdom of heaven. Only let us beware, left, like 
the ungrateful Ifraelites, we forget the G O D of our 
ialvation, and/i;// after the fame example of unbelief. 
The cloudy that was fpread over them by day, to in- 
tercept the glare, and icrecn them from the heat of 
the luu; the lire, that ihone before them in the night, 
to chear the nocturnal darknefs, and lead them through 
the trat kiefs defert ; were not thefe very amiable and 
exact emblems of our Saviour's merits, and of his 
holy word? The former of which are refre/hing to the 
guilty confcience, as the veil of a thick interpofing 
cloud is welcome to a traveller in fulti y climes. The 
latter is a light to our feet, and a lantern to our paths 
to guide us in the way everlafling. Their pafja^e . 
through Jordan, the priefts that bare the ark of the 
covenant going before them *, and ftanding in the 
midft of the river, till all the congregation were pafled 
over ; this very emphatically prefigured our great 
High Pried, bearing our //, fulfilling the law in our 
flcad, aboli/hing death, and making it zfafe as, well as 
fhort tranfition to life eternal. 

You will excufe me, Madam, for expatiating upon 
thefe topics. They are Ib inviting, fb plcafing, fo 
comfortable, that I can hardly perfuade myfelf to 
leave them. If any other parts of the epiflle, thro* 
a kind of unhappy neccffity almoft infeparable from 
coptroverfy, mould refemble the afperityoftbc thorn; 
this, I hope, will bear Ibme affinity to the fragrance 
of the rofe. For which caufe it is, that 1 chufe only 
to touch, and but lightly touch, the one 5 while I 

* See Jofli. iii. 13, 14, &c. 


would open the other into a full expanfion, and a rich 
cffuiLm. Let me add one more observation on this 
Lead, and J have done. It is apprehended, by very 
judicious perfons, that the punifhment of the Egyp- 
tian* , and their total overthrow, may be a prefage of 
the mijtry and ruin, which will fooner or later fall 
upon individual? and nations, that reject the glorious 
goipel, and vilify its facred repoikory THE BIBLE. 

If the reafons I have offered, are neither tirefome, 
nor unfatisfadtory to your Ladyfhip, I (hall proceed 
the more chearfully to (liew, that the curie was exe-> 
cutcd, as well as pronounced. Had it been the fenje- 
lejs extravagance of a man intoxicated with liquor, or 
the raj/2 imprecation of a man heated with refentment, 
or the designing interpolation of fome crafty ftatefm an, 
would the holy, the gracious, the true GOD have let 
the broad leal of heaven to it ? would HE, who over- 
rules all events, have Jujfered it to fucceed, have 
commanded it to fucceed, nay, have brought it himjclf 
to pals, by a mighty hand, and ftretched-out arm ? 
Impoflible to conceive ! If therefore it was really 
brought to pals, and with a furprifing punctuality, 
and not by any competency of human means, but by 
the moil evident diiplay of divine power, this will be 
liich a proof of its credebiliiy, its reafonablenefs, and 
equity, as no one, who thinks reverently of the Deity, 
can deny. 

Canaan was to be a fervant to Shem. This was ac- 
complilhed, when the Ifraclites, the defcendents of 
Shew, conquered the land of Canaan, flew thirty of 
its kings *, and took poffcflion of their cities ; when 
the Gibeonitcs particularly, who compofed one of their 
principal f tales f, became hewers of wood, and drawers 
of water, to the congregation \; or, in other words, 
the moil menial the lowefl of the people. 

* Jofli. xii. i. -74. -j- Jofli. x. 2. Jofli. U. 27. 

VOL. V. N 22. A a 


By 7v-/;<7/ inftrumcnts was this extraordinary revolu- 
tion v.]ot;,!.i: by one of the lineit armies in the 
eaii or welt ? marlhallcd by the bravert officers, and 
headed by the molt experienced general ? No ; but 
by a raw, uncttfdipiined) enllaved people ; who were 
cleititutc of military Jkiil, and without any pcribnal 
q'.iahriotions, or warlike apparatus for ib didicult, ib 
' i ous an entcrprize. 

Through tv/i'it objlcult t was it bejrnn, carried on, and 
completed ? L, Ipiti: of the attempts of one potent 
monarch to detain them in iervitiide \ in fpitc of the 
relblution of feveral combined kings, to diipnte with 
them every inch of ground to the laft drop of their 
blood. A deep river, and an arm of the lea rauft be 
croffed, by fix hundred thoufand men, with their 
wives, their children, their cattle ; and without any 
veilel to tivuiiport them, or any bridge to tranfmit 
them. They mull dwell, forty years, in a delblate, 
inhofpitable, barren wilderneis ; which was infelted 
by ravenous beafls, and fiery flying ierpents ; in 
xvhich there was neither water, nor corn, nor any 
iort of accommodation for abode, or iuftcnance for 

How were nil th. difficultiesy//rw<9wVr/r ! Not by 
the arm of flelh; this was utterly impracticable ; but 
by the molt altonifning inttrpofition of Omnipotence, 
'1'he Egyptian tyrant is humbled, and brought to 
their terms, by tlie infliction often tremendous plagues. 
The waters of the river are dried up, and the wav es 
of the great deep are divided, ib as to yield them a 
fate unobftrucled * pafTage A Itream gufhts even 
from the hard rock ; and gives them drink, as It had 
been out of t, 'ie great depths. Prodigious quantities of 


* JIf Isd them through the deep, encumbered as they were 
with their knwfding- troughs] and furrouncled \\ith frighrfuj 
b'llows, as an b'.-rfe in the ivilderne/s ; with as much fafe and 
fpirit) as Tome courageous courier makes "his. way through, 
a phin, open, champaign country. If. Ixiii. 13. 


* defcend, with every morning-dew; and fup- 
ply them, not from the garner, but from heaven, 
with their daily bread. Valt flights of quails arrive, 
with every letting fun ; and drop, like a bird fhot 
through the wing f, in the thidfl of their camp, and 
round about their habitations . The wails of an im- 
pregnable city fall to the ground, st the blaft of rams 
horns J. The fun (lands Itill in the miclft of heaven, 
at the voice of a man |j". All the hofts of the nations, 
with all their weapons of war, are driven a/under a* 
the f:)fi'fi upon the waters, and cut of as the tops of the 
ears <-J corn. 

And is it probable, can it be pofiible, that every 
clement, and all nature, mould not only concur, but 

. alter 

* We are not to think, that the manna took its name fronl 
any relemblance to the medicinal drug, which, among us, is lo 
commonly known, and lb frequently niecl. It is rather d^ri- 
ved trom the abrupt expreflion of the Ifraelites^ on their fiifl 
beholding this wonderful food. They tned out with amaze- 
ment, v\ 10 Man Hu ? IV hat is this ? Which exclamation* 
denoting their own furprife, and the unexpected as well as un- 
paralleled nature of the gift, bec.ime botu a memorial of the 
one, and a denomination of the other. 

j- This ii deftnbed with die utnioll vigour and be.iuty, in 
that fublime piece of (acred poetry, Pfal. Ixxviii. 27, 2.8 Hi 
rained fiejh upon them as duft, and winged (here lie? a peculiar 
euij)haiib, anil thus flioulJ the original f,33 w be tranflateci, 
"winged} fowl like as the fund if th? fca. Yet, though they 
were furniilvd with wingi, and therefore might e.-.lily tTcape, 
they neglected to make ule of their natural powers. They fell 
round the Ifraitiii/h rents, like the raia from heaven, which 
retuineth not , and like die land of the Inure, -which cannot bt 

This whole pfalm is a manifelt pj-oof of the obfervdtinn, 
which was nude in a preceding paragraph, That 'he/>//?9//V.// 
;md daflritial paflages of fcripture are like the deed and its 
<- 'inrer-part, in their fubttauce exaflly corresponding; md^ 
like the links of the fame chain, in their connexion ahfelutcly 

% Jofii. vi. || Jolh. x. 12, 13. ' 

A a 2 


alter their tjlallijhed courfe, depart from \\\r fundamen- 
tal laws of tiieir creation, on purpofe to ra'ir'y, what 
was bolted out by the patriarch in a drunken revel, or 
foiitcd into the text by fomc Hebrew 

Canaan was to be fervantalfo tojfapkctli. Purfuant 
to this prediction, did not the Greeks and Roman* , who 
derive their lineage from 'fapheth, make 
mailers of the reiidue of Canaan ? 'Tyre built by the 
Sidonians, and Thebes * by Cadmus, were both deftroy- 
cd by Alexander the Grecian. Carthage, founded by 
Dido, was, after a long fucceffion of lofles, and a vail 
eJfufion of blood, demolilhcd by Scipin the Roman. 
Which loifes made Hannibal, a child of Canaan, cry 
out, with a mixture of aftonifliment and defpondency, 
jfgnofco fortunam Carthaginis i i. e. j- " 1 fee plainly 
44 the hand of Deftiny working, \fetthat oracular doom 
44 hailing toils accomplishment, in thefe dreadful ca- 
44 lamities fullained by Carthage !" 

If thefe fa&s are true, which have the unanimous 


* " Alexander laid fiege to this city, took it by ftorm, and 
*' entirely deftroyed it; flaying ninety thoufand of the inhabi- 
* tants, and felling the reft, to the number of thirty thoufand 
44 more, into flavery." Prldeaux't, Connefl. vol. I. p. 479- 

f Vid. Liv lib. xxvii. ad fin em. A writer of the firii re- 
pute, for elegant tafle, arid penetrating judgment, thinks it 
more than probable, that -Hannibal, in this difpiri ted and hope- 
Jels acknowledgment, refers to the prophecy under confidera- 
tion: which will julhfy my free, though, I hope, not erro- 
neous trandation c-f the palTag^. What the fame author adds, 
is Co very ingenious, and fo ap^ofite to my purpofe, that I will 
beg leave to tranicr be it. 

* 4 That the Komans were no ftrangers to the fame divine 
4< oracle, appears from Virgil:" 

Progcnium fed enim Trojano a f anguine duel 
Aud\e*at, Tyrias olim qua verier ft arces. 
hinr populum late regem, belloque fuperbum, 
Venturum cxcidia Lybia. bic volvere Parcas. 



confent of hiftorians for their fupport, what can we 
fay of his Lordmip's aflertion, u that Canaan was 
<c fervant to Shem, though not to Japheth * f" This, 
I am apprehenfive, will be found as falfe, as the fol- 
lowing objection is -weak, [n which he urges, that 
<c Canaan was iervant to one of his uncles, not to his 
" brethren f ." Such a cavil, (for certainly it deferves 
no better name,) difcovers an utter ignorance of the 
//<?n?n;phrafeology ; or elfe, -^flran^c inattention^ it ; 
I would not fay, an egregious mij representation of it. I 
thought every one had known, till Lord Bolingbroke un- 
deceived me, that nothing is more common in the 


<{ In tranflating which, if we only name the anceflors, in- 
" ftead of the dependents, the original prophecy glares upon 
" us." 

From Japheth'j loins derived, a race fhe kneiu 
Defign'd the Jtrength of Canaan to fubdue : 
Widc-fpread their empire, dejMd tofuccccd 
And -wafte the fins of Ham : So fate decreed ! 

See Mr Ridley's fermons at Lady Meyer's ledure, p. 252. 

* The words at large are, " Canaan became fervant of fer- 
w vants to Sherri) though not to Japheth, -when the Ifraclitet 
44 conquered Pali/tine." Pag. m. I rauft beg leave to in- 
quire, why the lalt claufe is added ? Is it to prove, that when 
the Israelites fubdued the Canaanites, the dependents of Ham 
were not, by this victory, made iervants to Japheth's offspring? 
It fo, my Lord encounters a phantom of his own raiOng, arid 
confutes what no man aflerts. la it to inlinuite, thar, becaufe 
the race of Canaan were not, at this //me, made vaflals to the 
pofterity of Japheth^ therefore they never were ; and, of 
confequence, the prophecy was elud:d? This feems to be the 
delign of the fentence. Abftrafted frem this deiign, I fee not 
what end it can anfwer. But this is to draw, from premiles 
that are true, a conclufion that is falfe ; and is juft as good 
Jogic,asthelibertine'sarguinent is found divinity, " Vengeance 
44 is not yet, therefore it never wiM6e t executed." See 2 Pet. 
iii. 4. 

f Pag. in. 


orient:-.! idiom, than to exprefs any relatives of the 
IT. i!c line, by the denomination of brtthrcn *. 

I hope, your Lad) (hip will not tl, ink this, or any of 
my other remarks, indecently free. In the prclcnce of 
the moft high GOD, all men ai c upon a level. When 
the honour of his divine word or glorious attributes 
is concerned, we* are to know no .an cftt-r the flcjh \; 
pay no deferential regard to the diltinclions of birth, 
or elevations of charader. In thej'e lifts the privileges 
of perra-e ccafe. And I (hould reckon mylelf the 
molt abj.-ft of creatures, if through rcfpecl of per- 
ibns I could palliate or Jecrcte the truth, when the 
ever venera 1 le or.iclcs of inl'piration are treated with 
contemj t. A violation of decency this ! by what- 
ever lund it is oll'ered, or from whatever quarter it 
comes, incomparably more flagrant than Jcanduliwi 

Pardon, Mr.dam, this digreffion, and permit me 
farther to obfcrve, That the progeny of Hani, in 
another line, are, to this very day, the Haves of the 
whole trading world. The negroes I mean ; whole 
clefcent is from that unhappy man. And what is 
their country but a market of flavery f Are not 
their pcrlbns bought J and fold as the meanefl com- 
modities ? are th^y not debafrd to the moft Jbrdid^ 
and harafTed with the mod toiljome drudgery ? made, 
in the itridly-literal fenfe of the phrafe, Jervants of 
Jcrvants f 

I have not forgotten what I promifed to make ap- 
pear, with relation to the Egyptians ; neither (hall I 


* See Gen. xiii. 8. ; where Abraham and o/, though uncle 
and nephew, are called brtthrcn. Gen. xxiv. 48. ; where Bt- 
thuel another of Abraham's nephews, is (tyled his brother. 
Gen. xvi. t2. xxiv. 27. 

f 2 Cor. v. 1 6. 

^ No lefs than thirty tkwfand, I have been informed, are, 
every year, bought for (laves by the Englifh only. 


overlook what his Lordfliip has rcmonftrated from ihc 
lame q'!.i;t-r. " The deicendems of Mijraim^ He 
lay:-, ^ a /.her of the Ions of Ham, were the E-gyp- 
" tia;is : a vi tixy were Ib far from being fcrvanisof 
41 lervams to their foufms the Shemites, that theic 
u wcreiervants irfiorv ants to them *." For a lealbu 
they were. B jUhisiervitude was calculated for the ood 
of their convmmit) , and redounded to the glory of their 
GOD. It terminated in i'uch a liganl deliverance, as 
brought honour and opulence to themlelves, confu- 
iion aod ruin to their enemies. Docs it then follow, 
from this tc>> purnry fuperiority of the Egyptian f,vt\\\ch 
ended in fo dij-(fJroits a manner, that they were ex- 
ccpte.'l in the. denunciation of the curfe, or favoured 
with an aft of indemnity f 

What lays the fupreme Arbitrator ? The nation 
ID horn they Jet\ve will I judge f : I myfelf will punifh ; 
not by any human inflruments, but by my own im- 
mediate hand. Accordingly, they were vifued with 
the uioft dreadful and dellruftive plagues. In the lalt 
of which, the firft-born, the flower of their kingdom, 
were cut off; and at leiiotli, their king, and his 
whole army, pcriihed in the Red (en. Does my Lord 
make no account of thel'e moil terrible and unexampled 
;ncnts ? 

Beiides, what was the condition of this people in 

the following apes ? If we confult EzzkicL lie will 

declare it, as clearly by the (pirit of prophecy J, as if 

he had livrd on the ipot, and fecn the face of affairs. 

tc \nd it came to pafs, in the eleventh year, in the tirfl 

" month., in the fcvcnthday of the month, that the -.\-ord 

' <>f the I.OilD came unto me, fiying, Son of man, I 

e broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt ; and 

' lo, it f!iall not be bound np to be liealed. to put 9 

' roller to bind it, to make it itrongtohold thefword. 

tt _ 

* Pa?e n2. ^- Gen. xv. r^ 

^ Eztk. xxx, 20, 21, 23. xxix. 15. xxx. 13. 


* J will fcattcr the Egyptians among the nations, 
<l and will difperfe them through the countries. E- 
44 gypt fliall be the baled of kingdoms, neither fliall it 
" exalt itielf any more among the nations. And there 
* 4 lliall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt." 
Is not all this confirmed by ancient hiftory, and by 
the prejcnt ftate of Africa ? From the one we learn, 
that the Egyptians were fubjeft, firft to the Per/I ans^ 
next to the Grecians, then to the Romans ; afterwards 
to the Arabs. And from the other it appears, that 
they now wear the Turki/h yoke ; arc governed, not 
by a prince of their own, but by the Grand Seignor 
and his bafliaws. 

Nay, let any perfon look round upon all the coun- 
tries peopled by the progeny of Ham; and I am. much 
miitaken, if he does not find them, what the Pfalmifl 
defcribcs, dark places of the earth, and full of the ha" 
bitations of cruelty * ; the dens of rapine, and the dun- 
geons of ignorance; where Jlavery drags the chain, 
and tyranny lifts theicourge. Infomuch, that we need 
not icruple to lay, in the emphatical words ofjo/hua^ 
Not one thing has failed of all the good, or the evil 
things, -which the LORD Jpake by the mouth of 
Noah, concerning each of his ions refpedlively. /#/ are 
come to paft , not one thing has failed *j" . 

This calls upon me to clear up another part of the 
prediction ; the bleffing pronounced upon Shem, and 
the enlargement promifed to J op fifth : which will af- 
ford a new argument, to maintain tlie authenticity of 
the paflTage, and aflert its divine infpiration. 

I faid the blefling pronounced upon. Becaufe I would 
not traiiflatc the words, Bleffed be the LORD GOD 
of Shem ; hut, Bleffed of the LORD GOD is Shcm. 
This will put a Jlriking contrajt between the doom 
of the irreligious fcoffer, and the reward of filial pie- 
ty : this is what we naturally cxpeft from a G O D, 


* Pfal. Ixjiiv. 20. Jofh. xxiii. 14. 


who is not unrighteous to forget his people, and their 
labours of love : this fenie the original language will 
very commodioufly bear *, and the event feems to re- 
quire. For how manifeftly, how eminently, was this 
benediftive fcntence fulfilled ! fince, in the pofterity 
of Shcm^ the thurch of GOD was eftabliflied, and his 
true worfhip propagated. From him, the Redeemer 
of mankind, that blejfing ofblejfings^ according to the 
flefh fprung. 

The great enlargement of Japhettfs territories, is no 
lefs certain, and no leis remarkable. He had, for his 
pofTeifion, the iiles of the fea wcltward, and the fine 
extenfive countries near them ; Spain, Italy, Greece^ 
sffia the Lejs^ all Europe, and the vaft regions towards 
the north ; which anciently the Scythians^ now the 
Tartars inhabit ; from whom the Americans, the people 
of the new world, feem to be derived. By Japheth's 
dwelling in the tents o/Shem, is meant the converfion 
of the European Gentiles to the gofpel of CHRIST: 
who, through a long progrefiion of years, were alien s 
from the common-wealth oflrzt\,JIrangers to the cove- 
nants of promifc, having no hope of eternal life, and 
"without any laving knowledge of GOD in the world^: 
but were, in due time, periuaded to embrace the true 
faith ; were made (as the apoftle elegantly fpeaks, arid 
in a ftrain perfectly correfponding with the language 
of our prophecy) fellow- citizens ivith the faints, and of 
the houjehold of GOD \. An event, altogether as unde-r 
niablc, as it is important, delightful, and glorious. 

Upon the whole, I cannot but think that his Lord- 
fliip has planted his battery, and played his artillery, 


* Gen. Tx. 26. ownVx r.vr 113 words of the very fam 

import, in the very fame conftruction, are thus rendered by 

oar tnnflatorS) Deut. xxxiii. 13. and will hardly admit of any 

ether interpretation ; ruT -nnx mn' BlrjTcd OF the LORD, ice, 

f Eph. ii. il. ^ Eph, ii. ly, 

V9L. V. N* 22. Bb 

194 REMARKS on 

if not like an unfkilful, at leaft like an unfucccfsful 
engineer, lie has pla nted his battery agalnll a place, 
too well fortified to admit of any imprcilion, and that 
mult infallibly triumph over every allault. He has io 
yiiyed his artillery, that it recoils upon himielf, and 
irufhcs his own deiign. And this, 1 apprehend, will 
always be the Hlue, when men even of the fineft geni- 
us and moft: improved capacities prefume to attack the 
Icriptures of eternal truth. 

This very paffhge, inftead of dcpretiating, unfpeak- 
ably ennobles, the divine writings. It flievvs, that they 
bear the {Limp of that all-over-ruling power, which 
jmrpoies, and none (hall difannul it j of that all com- 
prehending knowledge, which difcerns events, long, 
long before they come into exiftence. And let any 
unprejudifcd reader judge, what degree of efteem 
thole books may fairly challenge, whole leaft confider- 
able, or,in his Lordfhip's opinion, mojl obnoxious parts, 
have luch a depth, and fuch a dignity of wifdom ! luch 
as will be admired and revered, ib long as hijloric truth 
has any credit, or commercial intelligence any being. 

Shall I trefpafs upon your Ladyfhip's patience a lit- 
tle farther? The penmen of the Old Tejtament carry 
all the marks of the mofl difmterejledz.\\(\ undcfigning 
fincerity. They record \\\Q failings of their favourite 
and mofl illuftrious heroes, without concealing the 
piwijhmcnt inflicted on fuch mifcarriages. '1'hc uniform 
tendency of their narratives and obfervations is, to pro- 
mote a religion the mod pure, the moil benevolent, the 
moft elevated imaginable ; as remote from. all felfifli 
aims, and every low art of collufion, as the heavens 
are higher than the earjth. They were r-:en fmgularly 
qualified for their work ; being either cye-iuitrie(Jes of 
the fadh they relate, or elfe contemporaries with the 
perfons they defcribe, or flill more remarkably diftin- 
guifhed, by their ability to work miracles, and their 
infi^ht it&Q futurity. As to the facts related, forne of 



them had anniverfary fol 'emn ities , on which they were 
commemorated : ibme of them had fignificant ceremo- 
nies, by which they were repreferited. They were 
publicly read in the fynagogues, and univerjally knuivn 
through the nation, it was a duty of religion, tvtalk 
of them by day, to meditate on them by night, and di- 
ligently to infirutf the children in them. And were 
nottheie circumltancesaiecurity, an inviolable fecurity 
againfl any attempt to corrupt, to innovate, or alter ? 
So that their writings appear with every character, 
both internal and external, of genuine truth ; and 
with the mod unquestionable credentials, from the 
GOD of power, and GOD of wifdom *. Conic - 
quently, they have a credibility of their own; fuffi- 
cient both to claim, and to fupport, the faith of an an- 
cient Jew ; fuch as muft command the aflent of every 
rational and honeft inquirer, even before the Chriftian 
difpenfation took place. 

If my Lord had duly adverted to thefe confidera- 
tions, Ibrely he would have expunged that bold and 
rafli aflertion, tc Without Chriftianity we have no ob- 
" ligation to believe the Old Tcftament f." Surely he 
would never have left behind him, that uma arrant able 
and injurious infinuation, that the Hebrew original de- 
ierVes no better credit, than the fabulous ftory \ of the 


* Another very extraordinary peculiarity in thefe writings, 
und, to rae at lealt, an undoubted proof, that their authors 
were divinely infpired, is, their perftff agreement and entire 
conjiftcncy throughout. Thoughthey werecoropoCedby differ* 
ent men, placed in very different (tations of liie, and flourilh- 
ing in very dijiant ages of the world ; yet they are as como- 
nant and harmonious, as if they had all been penned by the 
fame hand. Any thing equal to this, I never faw ; never heard 
of; and 1 believe, the molt inveterate or nioft fagacious adver- 
iaries of the Old Tejlament will not attempt to produce a pa- 
rallel, -j- Page 94. 

^ They?ory is told, page 86. The injinuatio* is made, in 
a prolix, confuted, and obfcure paragraph, page 87, 

Bb 2 


Septuagint tranflation ;-^nor have found any rcafon 
to " proteft, that he knew of no rule to go by *," (in 
fettling the degree of aflcnt due to the feveral parts of 
the Old Teflament,} but the fanciful diftinttion which 
has already been examined. He would rather have 
found reafon to adopt and iubfcribe sfgur's confellion 
of faith ; a man, who was famous in his own, who 
will be famous in every generation, and for this, a- 
inong other mod judicious maxims, EVERY "word 
of GOD is pure f. 'Tis all gold, fine gold, without 
any the leajl alloy. 

For my own part, I freely acknowledge to your 
Ladyfhip, that I value the facred hiftory (even exclu- 
five of its connection with the transcendent glories of 
CHPvIST, and the unfpeakable benefits of redemp- 
tion) on the very fame principles, which incline our 
ConnoifTeurs to value thole celebrated antiquities they 
call medal sfingular ; becaule it is fuppofed, there is 
but one of the fort extant. Confider ing the private 
interefls, and perfonal attachments, which are fo apt 
to bias the human mind ; conlidering the impcrfett in- 
formation, and ignorance of caufes, to which all other 
writers are unavoidably fubject ; I cannot but conclude, 
that the facred hiftory is, in point of Ariel, precife," 
univerlal veracity, SINGULAR. There is none 
other befides this, no, not one in the whole world, 
that is free from ail the falfe colourings of prejudice ; 
clouded with no mixture of uncertainty ; moft minute" 
ly true ; and to be depended on, in every particular. 
The facred hiitory is not only ieated on the throne of 

* Page 100. 

f- Prov. x;xx. 5. St Peter bears much the fame tcftimony 
to the whole order of fcriptural writings. With regard to their 
/?, he calls them milk; becaufe nothing is fo well adapted to 
tiouri/h our faith and our holinefs. With regard to their qua' 
lity, he (tyles them aXa\<>, fmcere^ unadulterated, pure; with* 
out any lujxture of faKehood, or any tiifclure of folly, i Per. 
tk 2. 



(ruth, but, in t/iefe re{pec"b, pofTefles it without a rival. 

Lord Bolingbroke is fond of Davila * ; becaufe Da- 
Vila difcoyers the hidden jpring* of action, and traces 
up almoft every enterprize to its fburce f . Is this fo 
valuable a. qualification in the Italian t How then 
(hould we admire the injpircd hiitoriaps ? who dilclofe 
to us, not the fecret mcai'ures of a court, but the ttn- 
Jearchable counfels of heaven ; not the little motives 
that aftuatc the politician, but the deep defigns of the 
univerfal Sovereign ; and all this, not from precarious 
iunruie, but with thefulle/l ajjurance. An excellency I 
to which no other narrative on earth can lay any claim. 

The fcriptures throw light upon the moft memo- 
rable tranfactions, that have paired in the Heathen world, 
and are recorded by the clajfic authors. r When the AJ*- 
Cyrian monarch fubdues kingdoms, and ravages na- 
tions ; we are apt to think, he is only gratifying his 
infatiable ambition. But the fcripture allures us, that 
he was thejlaffin JEHOF^H's hand^ and the rod 
of his indignation \; an inftrumcnt made ufe of by the 
King of kings, to execute his righteous vengeance. 
When Cyrus is habituated to all the noble exercifes, 
educated in all the fine accomplishments, that form 
the gallant prince, and conftitute the complete gene- 
ral ; Xenophan fees nothing more than the exertion of 
human policy. But Ifaiah beholds the aH-fuperin- 
tending arm, of the LORD, girding || this hero, and 


* He wrote a hiftory of the civil wars of France, in fifteen 
books; containing all that was remarkable, from the death of 
Henry II. in 1559, to the peace of Verving in 1598. It was 
originally written in Italian, and tranfldted into French by 7 
Bocloin. Collier''* ti'ifl J)i&. 

t P^e 167. $ If. x . 5 . 

|| If. xlv. 5. / have girded thee, though tbou haft not known 
me. Xenophon's KU^ ni,h,a, : bo* written with quite a different 
view, is a very fine, and pe .laps the \ery bell commcat on 
{.faiah's beautirul and exprc live ph.-a/c, TKH 


prep.irinr. him for the deliverance of his people. -So 
that the icripturc-hiitory is it/elf the grandcft and moft 
uieful ; while its intercurrent obiervations are a key to 
open the moft celebrated affairs, which give weight 
and eflimation to other annals. 

The grandeft and moft ujefui.- JThis will appear to be 
more than a bare affertion, if we recollect, that here is 
a difplay of that great McJJiah, who is the hope of If- 
rael * , and the defire of all nations f / a difplay of him, 
in his mylterious incarnation, his wonderful perfon, 
and all the gracious, the benign majefty of his media- 
torial offices. From the original prom lie (made to our 
firft parents) through all its progreilive evolutions, till 
he ariies in the New Teftament, as the only-begotten of 
the Father , with a luftre and dignity iuitable to ib 
divine a perionage. Which is an event, of iuch in- 
comparable condefcenfion, magnificence, and grace, that 
all the prophets bear witneis to it ||, and the very an- 
gels defire to look into it 4^. 

How then muft your Lady/liip be furprifed, to fee 
Lord Bolingbroke undertaking to aflign tlic principal 
fcope of the Mofaic -t- hiftory, (the former part of it at 
leaft,) and not enlarging, not dwelling upon, no, nor fo 
much as mentioning, the Redeemer : That all-glorious, 
all-important R E D E E M E R, who is the fum and 
iubftance of the whole fcriptures ; the ^4lpha and 0- 
mega in all the revelations of GOD : cf whom Mo- 
(es-+ wrote, and whole day Abraham faw - ; whole 
righteoufnefs was preached by Noah =, ar;d his final 
advent foretold by Enoch ** : whofe merits, appre- 

" Acts xxviii. 20. -f Hag. ii. 7. :j: John i. 14. 

|| Ads x. 43. 4- i Pet. i. 1 2. $- Pag. icy. 

-f- John v. 46. -H- John viii. 56. 

= 2 Per. ii. 5. It can hardly be doubted, but Noah preach- 
ed the very fame righteoufnefs, of which he hnnfelf was an 
heir : and that, we are allured, was the righteoufnefs of falth > 
Heb. xi.7. 

** Jude, veh 14, 


bended by faith, were the recommendation of Abel's 
iacrifiee * ; and the confolation of Adam f , under the 
lofs of immortality, and expulfion from paradife : from 
whom many, if not all, the antediluvian patriarchs 
borrow their honours, and ftand upon everlafting re- 
cord, chiefly as being in the number of his progeni- 
tors. This capital omiflion is (to ufe his Lordfhip's 
.own language) " a manifeft abufe of facred hiflory, 
" and quite inexcufable in a wrker, who knew, or. 
14 fbould have known J," that, in its nwjt early as 
well as in its later periods, it invariably testifies of 

Thus to undertake, and thus to execute, is as if 
fome pretender to anatomy fhould engage to explain the 
nature of animal motion, and fay not a word concern- 
ing the nerves, the mufcles, the heart ; or, as if fome 
Jmatter in geography fliould offer to exhibit a com- 
plete map of our country, and leave entirely out of 
his plan, the cities, the towns, and the rivers. Yet 
this is not the only incident, on which my Lord, how- 
ever critical in profane literature, difcovers himfelf to 
have been very remifs in the fludy, at leaf! very Jit - 
perficial in the knowledge, of his Bible. 

From which hint I would take occaiion to intreat, 
and with the moft affc&ionate carncfhiefs, all that are 
inclined to difpute againft this divine book, firft to 
make themfelves thoroughly acquainted with it. And 
would they once let about the momentous work, with 
a candid, upright, and impartial mind ; free from the 

-idice of prejudices ; not blinded with the fumes of 
lelf conceit ; nor intoxicated with the cup of vitious 
pleaiiire : if they would thus examine the inipircd vo- 
lumes, they would loon perceive inch a lovely conftcl- 
lation of truth, of wifdom, and of grace, (Inning forth 
from every page, as mufl turn lhcirdJfc/fee?KmtG ad- 
miration, and their avcrfion into delight. 


* Heb. >ii. 4. j Gen. iii. 15. J Pag. i'8. || John v/39- 


But if they bring with them a fondnefs for fame, a 
haughty felf-ilitficiency of fpirit^ or an ignoble at- 
tachment to feniual gratifications ; if they are deter- 
mined to cheriih, and will on no confidcration divorce, 
thefe feducers of the heart, and pervertcrs of t\\t judg- 
ment ; we cannot wonder, that the fcriptures fhould ap- 
pear to them, with much the fame afpecl, as the mira- 
culous cloud appeared to the Egyptians f which threw 
darkncfs on their paths, and fhed horror on their 1 
ibuls, even while it gave light to the fteps, and ala- 
crity to the hopes, of the IJraelites *. -In this cafe, 
we may affign a reajbn for their vppnfition, from the 
unhappy circumftances recorded of Iflimael f .- Their 
hand, their tongue, their pen, is a^ainll the word of 
GOD; becauje the word of G O D is againft them, 
their tempers, and their ways. 

In the facred narrations, we behold the arm of the 
LORD revealed. Other hiftorians only guejs at the 
interpofition of an avenging, or propitious GOD. 
And though conjectures of this kind occur but very 
rarely in their works ; they are frequently cenfured, 
as a prefumptuous intrufion upon the arcana of heaven. 
But the penman of fcripture, with unerring certain- 
ty declare, This is the LORD's doing; a flroke from 
the fword of his juftice J, or a reward from the riches 
of his goodneis j| . 


* Exod. xiv. 20. ft -was a cloud and darknefs to them^ but it 
gave light by night to- thefe. 

j- Gen. xvi. 12. His hand -wili be againjt every man, and e- 
vety man's hand againft him. 

^ See 2, Chron. x. 15.- xv 6. xxv. 20. xxyiii. 5, 6. 
xxix. 8, 9. 

j| See a Chron. xii. 7. xiii. 15, 16, i8.-xiv. 6, 12. xxvi. 
5. xxvii. 6. I refer to the Chronicles, rather than to the o- 
ther parts of facred hiftory, in order to create a higher eftccm 
for thefe excellent memoirs. Many people, 1 believe, arecow- 
tentedly ignorant of the Chronicles ; becaulc feme of the firft 



Here we perceive, as in the brighteft mirror, what 
practices he favour j, and what methods lie oppq/es ; 
what couries are attended with his bleffing, and what 
behaviour provokes his di/pleafure. Thefe records fet 
before us the molt ftrikfag exemplifications, both of 
the divine thrcatenings, and of the divine promifes ; 
demonftrating, from, repeated experience, that the 
former arc more than vain menaces ; the latter are 
far from alluring fallacies. By which means, they 
are admirably well adapted, to inculcate thole funda- 
mental leflbns of practical religion ; a continual ad" 
vertence to GOD ; a believing dependence on GOD ) 
and an habitual expectation ofjiicccfs in our fchemes*) 
not merely from any addrefs or induftry of our own, 
but from the all- powerful benediction of G O D : - 
which are, of all other precepts, perhaps, the mofl 
falutary and beneficial to mankind. 

My remarks would be immoderately prolix, were 
they to enumerate all the perfections of facred hiftory. 
I fhali content myfelf with wifhing, that your Lady- 
fhip may eftecm, may reverence, may love the whole 
book of G O D,-*-0#/y in proportion to its worth* 
Then, I am perfuaded, it will have your highc/feRcem^ 
your profoundefi reverence, and moft devoted love. 

Before I conclude, give me leave, Madam, to make 

on f 

chapters confift of Hebrew names, which *ve forbidding, and of 
genealogical tables, which are ufelefs to the generality of read- 
ers. But, notwithstanding their unpromifmg introduction, 
they contain the rooft memorable and momentous occurrences. 
They are interfperfed with the mod weighty and edifying re- 
marks. They are worthy of our repeated perufal, and will 
amply repay the mo(t careful attention.- I would compare 
them to fome noble mine, whole furface is barren, and feems to 
include nothing valuable. But, as you penetrate the foil, the 
treafure opens. The deeper you go, the more riches you 
find. And, inftead of regretting the little toil of application, 
you ars only grieved^ that you undertook the gainful 
no fooner. 

VOL, V. N 23, C c 


ene rcqucfl : which I make, under a fenfe of my vari- 
ous obligations to your Lady (hip, with all the enga- 
ging acts of your condefcenfion and gcnerofity, full 
in my view. It ought therefore to be, and it really 
is, expre[/ive of the molt unfeigned thankfulnefs for 
your favours, and of the tnicji zeal for your happi- 
ucis. It is this, That you would carry on a daily 
intercourfe, and cultivate a holy, an intimate famili- 
arity, with the infpired writers, and their iucftimable 
volumes. Read them. Recollect them. Weigh 
them. Contemplate them in their magnificent whole, 
in their beautiful parts^ and their harmonious con- 
ned ions. 

I (hould be afraid to recommend, in this zealous 
manner, and to this affiduous peruial, the mojl corrctt 
compofitions, that ever proceeded from a human pen. 
But here I am under no apprehenfion of your cxhauft- 
ing the mine, and complaining of emptinejs ; under no 
apprehcnfion, left the entertainment ihouldy?<//d > up- 
on your tafte, and create difguft. The more we fearch 
thofe florehoufes of wifdom, the better we underftand 
thole oracles of truth, the more they will approve them- 
felves to our judgment, and become dearer, flill dearer 
to our affettions. The pages of fcripturc, like the pro- 
ductions of nature, will not only endure the teft, but 
improve upon the trial. The application of the mi- 
crofcope to the one, and a repeated meditation on the 
other, are fure to difplay new beauties, and prefent us 
with higher attract ives. Nay, the very attempts of 
an advcrlary to blacken the fcriptures, irrvc only to 
increaje their lu/lre For my part, I never fhould have 
ieen the prediction of Noah rijing, with fuch perfpicu- 
ity, propriety, and g'ory, to obfervation, had not 
Lord Balingbroke made an effort to overwhelm it with 
objections, zvdftnk * it into difcrcdit. 


* An allufion to the motto, in the title-page, 
Mfrfes fro fun do pulckrior event / } 
and expreflive of its meaning. 


Above all, may we bring to this beft of ftudies, an 
humble mind; a mind deeply fenfible of its own igno- 
rance and iveaknejs ; yet frequently and chcarfully lift- 
ed up to GOD, for his enlightening and animating 
Spirit : that, by his bleffed influences, our under jland- 
ings may be opened to under/land the Jcriptures *, and 
our hearts opened to receive them \ : to underftand them, 
in all the folne/s of their heavenly meaning; to receive 
them, in all the force of their transforming power. 
That, reading the threatening*, we may tremble J at 
the awful word, and acknowledge ourielves juftly li- 
able to thofe terrible judgments ; but at the fame time 
believe, that CHRIS f has delivered us from the curfe 
cf the laiu, being made a curfe for us [j ; That, reading 
the promifes, we may confefs ourielves unworthy of 
an interest in fuch unfpeakable blellings ; yet reft af- 
fured, that all thepromijes of GOD are yea and amen 
in CHRIST JE S US # ; are our uuqueftionablc 
portion, through his merits and atonement ; and will 
certainly be fulfilled, through his interceifion andfaith- 
fulnefs. Reading the precepts ^ let us rejoice in the be- 
lief, that our Saviour, obedient unto death, has fulfil- 

* Luke xxiv. 45. 

f Afts xvi. 14. Such is the darkncfs, fuch the depravity 
of our mind?, that they will not, they cannot, be made -wife 
unto falvation, even from the fcriptures themlelves, without 
the powerful Agency of the bleffed Spirit. Unlefs his influen- 
ces enlighten our underftandings ; and apply the doclrines, 
when underftood, to our hearts ; we fhall be, even with the 
word of light and life in our hands, fomewhat like blind Bar- 
tinieus^ fitting amidll the beams of day ; or like the withered 
arm, with invaluable treafures before it. This, I think, ex- 
perience muft acknowledge ; this, I am very certain, the texts 
referred to$ in concert with many others, evince. 

\ See Ezra x. 3. 2 Chron. xxxiv. 27. ; where it might 
not be amils, to compare the temper of true believers^ and the 
behaviour of an iHultrious king, with the fpirit that runs thro* 
his Lord/hip's performance. 

j| G<ti. iii. 13. f 2 Cor. i. 20. 

C C 2 


led them perfectly for our justification ; that our Savi- 
our, exalted unto heaven, hac engaged to put his Spi" 
rit within us for our fanclification ; caujing us to walk 
in his ftatutes, and to keep his judgments, anddo them * . 
Contemplating the various examples, may we ufe 
fbme of them, as admonitory lea- marks, to avoid the 
rocks of fin j ufe others, as a conducing clue, to guide 
our feet into the way of peace ; ufe all, as ib many 
incitements, to awaken our circumipeclion, or quicken 
our diligence, in muting our calling and eletfion fure* 
Then we (hall have another proof, that the original 
of thefe holy books is not from man, but from the 
LORD JEHOVAH: a proof, which fome peo- 
ple may explode, as imaginary or enthufiaftical, but 
is really of the utmoftjolidity, and of ihelaft importance : 
which, though by no means independent on, much 
lefs exclufive of, other evidences, is, neverthclcfs, to 
ach individual perfon, incomparably more valuable 
than any, or every other alteration. We (hall HAVE 
mall experience, on our own fouls, the happy energy 
ofthc/criptures. They will be ihcinftrument of work* 
ing fuch a lively faith in CHRIS T, fuch an ardent 
love of GOD, fuch a cordial benevolence for our fel- 
Jow- creatures J, as cannot fail to exalt our defires, re- 

* Erek. xxxvi. 37. -f- i John v. 10. 

^ This is what his Lord/hip means, or ought to mean, 
when he fpeaki of 4fc the proper force of religion ; that force, 
*' which fubduev the mind, and a\ves the confcience by con- 
* viftion." page 182. And i am well afTured, whatever he 
may furmife to the contrary, that this voucher to the real in 
fpiration of the fcriptures, and divine original of Chriftianity, 
" is not winiing " Nay, 1 durfl venture to engage, thar it 
never will be wagting to any perfon, who fefks it with due 
attention and becoming diligence; and neither forgets nor ne- 
gle&s rhofe [-ecefFiry prep.r^t'ves, prefcribed by thegreatMafr 
fen>f theChri(!iat; fcbocl: \ he one comprehend in this maxim, 
man -willdokis -will, he Jhali know of the- faftrine^hcthcr 


fine our affe&ions, and dignify our tempers ; fuch as 
will adminifter comfort under affliction, and impart an 
additional relifh to profperity ; luch as will teach us 
to order our convcrfation right, amidft all the fnares, 
all the labyrinths of time ; and gradually train us up 
for the pure blifs, and confummate enjoyments of 

May THIS proof, Madam, be written n your 
hearty written in bright and indelible chara&ers, - 
written by the finger of the living GOD ! Then, I 
am afTurcd, every attempt to dagger your belief, or 
withdraw your veneration from THE BIBLE, will 
be like,an attempt to (hatter the rock in pieces with a 
bubble, or to pierce the adamant with a feather. 
This is not only thzjincere wijh, but, fo long as reli- 
gion and gratitude have any place in my bread, it will 
alio be the carnejl prayer of 


much obliged, 
April zz. 

and mod obedient 

humble fervant, 

it be of GOD. John vii. 17. The other delivered in the fol- 
lowing direction, If any of you lack -wifdom, Itt him a/k ofGOD^ 
who glveth to all men liberally , and upbraidcth not, and it /ball 
be given him. Jam. i. 5, 




I have taken no notice of his Lordfhip's animadvcr- 
fions, relating to the gcntiinenefs of i[\e gofpel-hiftory : 
becaufe this would be entering upon a new field, which 
I leave open and untouched, for fome more able de- 
fender of that invaluable depolitum. Not that I ap- 
prehend, there is any thing very formidable in the at- 
tack. But I think it would be ierviceable, as 1 am 
perfuaded it is eafy, to (hew the -weakrujt and unrca- 
fonablenefs of thole arguments, which men of luperior 
abilities arc obliged to take up with, when they lift 
themiclves under the banner of fcepticifm or infidelity. 
It would alfo be a piece of public juftice, to inquire 
into t\\cfincerity, probity, and confijlency of thofe wri- 
ters ; who, in fome places, lay a mighty ftrejs upon 
the authority of the New Teftamcnt, (page 94.) in 
others, endeavour to Jap the very foundation of its 
credibility, (page 177.) 





O F 


fentiments here offered againft the prevailing 
cuflom of profaning the Sabbath, will probably 
be a fatisfa&ion to every ierious reader, and be pro- 
dudlive of much good ; especially as it is in every body's 
power to reform one, and as then his own condu<ft 
will be a tacit reproof to his acquaintance, who may 
probably, through his example, be induced to weigh 
thefe proceedings attentively, and no longer follow a 
multitude to do evil. It is certainly a matter of im- 
portance to inquire whether Sunday- vifits are juftifi- 
ablc upon the principles of fcripture and of reafon^ 
as the conlcientious obicrvation of the Sabbath has of 
late years been ib much dilrcgarded ; and as it is now 
become the principal day of vifiting among pcrlbns of 
all ranks. The chief advocates for the continuance of 
Ibch a practice fhould, methinks, defend it publicly, 
that their arguments may be properly examined, if 
(in their opinion) fuch a cuflom can admit of any ra- 
tional defence. And thoie who are iufficiently con- 
vinced by what is here advanced, mould refolvr to 



difcontinue Sunday- vifits themfelves, and difcounte* 
nance them in others, as far as they can confident 
with decency and prudence. That the number of 
fuch \vell-difpoied pcrfons may be daily incrcafing, is 
undoubtedly the hearty wifh of every one who is iin- 
cerely defirous of promoting the glory of GOD, and 
the good of mankind. 

Qu. Whether it be right for TRULY-SERIOUS 
perjons to vifit on Sundays f 

PHE perfons here mentioned, are the truly-fcri- 
\_ ous. As to many people, it matters not whe- 
ther they arc at home or abroad : G O D is not in all 
their thoughts ; they have no concern for their eter- 
nal welfare ; they therefore are, in every place, al- 
together and alike unprofitable. 

But when we begin to difcern the things that arc 
excellent ; when we fmccrely defire to " obtain lal- 
" vation, with eternal glory, by JESUS CHRIST;" 
then, whether it be proper to fall into the pre- 
vailing cuftom of vifiting on Sundays * is the quef- 

Were our companions religious, and was our con- 
verfation edifying, I fliould make no fcruple to give 
my voice in the affirmative. Every parlour would 
then be a little fanftuary ; would echo back the ex- 
hortations, and lecond the defigns of the pulpit ; 
and we might truly fay, // // good for us to be here. 

But, alas ! where do we find fuch company ? when 
do we hear fuch converfation ? The general con- 
vcrfation is all impertinence ; not fo much as fea- 
foned with a fpice of religion. T/ify talk of vanity 
every one with his neighbour, Pfal. xii. 2. For 
which reafon, I cannot think it fafe or expedient, al- 
lowable or innocent, HABITUALLY to vifit on 
Sun J.'-vs, 

It is inconfiflent with the beft example. / was in 


S U N D A Y-V I S I T 5. 209 

the Spirit 'on the LORD's day, fays St John. I was 
filled with the communications of the HOLY S P 1- 
KI r, giving me clear views of CHRIST, bright 
hopes of glory, and (bedding abroad the love of GOD 
in my heart. But is this compatible with the idle, 
trifling, iniignificant chat, which ingroffes our ordi- 
nary viiits ? 

OBJ ECTION I. Will it be faid, the apoflle's was 
a peculiar cafe ? I anfwer, it was a peculiarly- happy 
cafe. And will a prudent Chriftian relinquish the 
proipect of fuch unfpeakable happinefs, for the rnolb 
empty and dclufive amufement I But, 1 believe, it 
was not peculiar to the apoftle ; rather the common 
privilege of all believers ; written as a pattern for 
their practice, and to be the plan of their expecta- 

It is contrary to the divine prohibition* The ne- 
gative law, relating to the Sabbath, is, *' not doing thy 
4 own ways, not finding thy own pleafure, not fpeak- 
'' ing thy own words, //. Iviii. 13. Not doing thy own 
" ways :"abltaining from fecularbufinefs, and all world- 
Jy purfuits. Nit finding thy own pleajure ; renoun- 
cing all thofe recreations and amufements, which may 
tend to gratify thy tafte, not to glorify thy almighty 
JLOiiD. Not Jpsaking thy own -words; converfmg on 
fpi ritual, fublime, and heavenly fubjects ; not on low, 
earthly, temporal matters, which, having no reference 
to the Creator's honour, are therefore called thy own. 
However, fome people may act, or whatever they may 
think, this is the exprefs and unalterable law cfla- 
blilhed by the GOD of heaven. Whether it be pof- 
fible to mingle in modifh compajiy, and obey this 
law, let thofe judge who arc acquainted with the 

it breaks the divine command. The pofitive- law- 
relating to the Sabbath is, Remember the Sabbath-day^ 
to keep it holy. 11 EM EM B E R, take particular notice 
of Ttfis injunction. It is a duty greatly to be re- 
VOL, V. N 23, D d garcled 


par cled, and mo ft confcicntioufly to be obfervcd. 
Upon the due obfervance of this, our diipolition and 
ability to obferve the other precepts, in good meafure, 
depends. Keep it holy; devote it to holy purpofes ; 
fpcnd it in holy exercifes ; and not barely an hour or 
two ; not barely the intervals of private and public 
devotion ; but the day, the Sabbath-day, the whole 
day. Neither will the whole day be too long, if we 
make confciencc of difcharging the feveral duties of 
religion, reading and meditation ; prayer and praife ; 
teaching our children, and infti lifting oar do medics ; 
examining our hearts, and taking heed to our ways. 
All thefe offices, if properly performed, will leave 
very little, rather no time for unnccefFary elopements. 
And (hall we huddle over all thefe important offices, 
or totally neglecl: ibme of them, only to indulge our- 
ielves in the moft unprofitable levities ? at once doing 
an injury to our fpiritual intcrefts, and violating the 
divine precept. 

I fear, it will be a kind of crucifying afrefli our ble [fed 
M after, Heb. vi. 6. This expreflion we have often 
read, but think ourfelves free from the guilt implied 
in it, and indeed from the very likelihood of contract- 
ing it. But let us be reminded, that we crucify our 
LORD afrefli, when we give others occafion to con- 
clude, that we have very little eftecm for him, or 
gratitude to him ; confequently, that he has little or 
no excellency, for which we or thers mould defire 
him. Now, what elfe can the world conclude, when 
they fee us giving into the vanities of a licentious 
mode, on that very day, which is facred to the com- 
memoration of his refurreclion ? " Surely," might 
the children of this world fay, " if thefe Chriftians 
" had any real reverence for their LORD, they 
4< would fliew it on his own day. They would either 
14 be retired to contemplate and adore him, or elfe 
u come abroad to exalt and glorify him. But they 
" come abroad to be as frothy in their talk, and as 

u trifling 


S U N D A Y-V I S I T S. 211 

trifling in their temper, as forgetful of their S A- 

V 1 O U R, and as regardlefs of his honour, as the 
<c moll: arrant worldling among us all." To afford 
a handle for fuch reflections, is to wound the R E- 
D E E M E R in the houie of his friends. 

It \v\l\grieve the HOLT SPIRIT, Eph. iv. 30. 
Chriflians believe, that he is infinitely wife, ail- graci- 
ous., and ever bleflcd ; that he d\velis in their hearts, 
and is the fource of all their holinefs and all their hap- 
pinefs. Therefore we pray daily in our liturgy, that 
the HO L T S P I R I T may not be taken from us. 
On Sunday, we commemorate the defcent of this di- 
vine gueit 5 and are, in a particular manner, to im- 
plore his prefcnce, and cultivate his influences. But 
can this be done, by neglecting his cxprefs prohibition, 
and breaking his pofitive command ? by difregarding 
the examples which he has fct before us ; and diflio- 
nouring that SAVIOUR whom he delights to 
magnify ? Befidcs, dare any mortal prefume to fay in 
his heart amidft a circle of our polite vifitants, " 1 am 
u now acting in a manner becoming my relation to 
" the eternal S P I R I T. Thefe fentiments and this 
' difcourfe are fuitabie to his dignity, vvifdom, and 
" glory ; a proper method of celebrating and honour- 
" ing the day of his miraculous miflion :" 

Should any one afk, u what is meant by ricvinp the 
" HOLT SPIRIT?" It means offending his' ex- 
alted Majefty, and caufmg him to act as men com- 
monly act, when they are grieved and difplcafcd with 
any one ; they withdraw from his company, and vi- 
fit him no more. When Samuel was grieved for Saul'r. 
mifbehaviour, it is written, u lie came no more to 
41 fee SM/." If the almighty C O M F O R T E R 
be provoked to deal thus with our fouls, alas ! what 
a lofs muft we iufUin ! a Jofs, unfpcakablc, irreparable, 
eternal ! 

So that if this practice were not finful, it mutt be 
exceedingly detrimental ; and that, not in one only, but 

D d 2 in 


in various rcfpects. Have we received fpiritual good 
from the public ordinances? The admonition of hea- 
ven is , We ouvkt to give the more enrnejl heedto tht things 
which lue have heard, left at any time lue fhould let them 
flip, Heb. ii. I. By this practice, we not only fuffer 
them to flip, but open ns it were a leak for their im- 
mediate difcharge. Have we been under edifying 
imprcllions from our private exercifes ? The unerring 
direction js, Quench not the Spirit. Stifle not the feri- 
ons deiires which he has awakened. Allow them their 
full fcope, till they are formed into gracious habits. 
By the practice under confideration, we pour water 
inflead of oil upon the feeble flame. We extinguifh 
what we fhould cherilh. Is the heavenly feed fown 
in our breafh ? The He diffipating interviews are the 
ravenous birds, which follow the feedfman, and de- 
vour the grain : to that nothing takes root. No fruit 
of faith, of joy, or love is produced. 

Let me only add, that, on a dying-bed, the mifim- 
provement of all our time will be molt bitterly regret- 
ted. How much more the mifimprovement of thofe 
hours, which GOD himfelf has allowed, has fet 
apart for the nobleft purpofcs, and is wont to blefs in 
an efpecial manner! u While others were feeking the 
" pearl of great price, and gathering thofe treasures 
u of wifdom and grace, which endure to everlafling 
<c life ; I, alas 1 was fquandering away the precious 
11 opportunities in very vanity.' 1 To fee the curtain 
of time dropping, to fee a vaft eternity opening before 
us, and to have iuch reflections haunting our confci- 
cnce ; this will caufe mifery not to be exprefled, create 
anguifh not to be conceived. 

OBJECTION II. Will it be faid, in anfwer to 
thefe confiderations, u That company, even trifling 
41 company, rs a relaxation. We return to the in- 
** ftruttion of our families, and to our evening-devo- 
*' tion vvitii frefh abcrity, being fick of thefe triflers ?" 
A Grange argument ! It Should rather be reverted. The 


S U N D A Y-V I S I T S. 213 

objectors might truly fay, Being Tick of religion and 
its fervices, we want fuch trifters to afford us ibme re. 
lief. The fincere fcrvant of CHRIST would find 
no recreation, but feel ^rief of heart, in fuch in- 
terviews. It muft be a real affliction to obferve his 
divine LOUD abfolutely difregarded ; difregarded 
on the day peculiarly devoted to his honour ; every 
vanity now preferred before him, as Barabbas the 
robber was formerly. The true rcfrefliment for our 
fouls confifts in having our faith increaied, our hope 
elevated, and our views of heaven enlarged ; in con- 
templating the infinite perfection arid glory of our Re- 
deemer ; the infinite grandeur and fulnefs of his pro- 
pitiation ; and our complete, I might have faid, our 
infinite fecurity from wrath and vengeance, by being 
interested in his merits. 

OBJECTION III. " Sunday is the beft part of 
11 our time for this purpofe ; bufinefs is fufpended ; 
u every body is ready drefled ; all circumftances in- 
* c vitc." Is it the befl: part of our time ? Then let 
it be devoted to the belt of beings. Who is more 
worthy of our choiceft thoughts, affections, hours, 
than that divinely-compaffionate Saviour, who offered 
himfelf, in the very prime of his life, a bleeding vic- 
tim for our fins, that his facrifice might have every 
recommending circumftancc, which could render it 
acceptable to GOD, and available for man ? 

OBJECTION IV. " It is the univerfal cuftom. 
" To diicontinue it, would render us unfafhionable.." 
And cannot you bear to be a little unfafhionable for 
his fake, who was dcipifed and rejected, who hum- 
bled himfelf to death, even the death of the crofs, 
for four fake ? Is it the uuiverfal cuftom ? Then 
cuftom is the idol, which we are called to renounce. 
I mufl fay of cuftom, in this cafe, as Elijah faid of 
Baal; If cuftom be GOD, follow its dictates ; but 
if JEHOVAH be GOD, obferve his precepts. It 
is written in the fcripturcs, llonit xii. 2. Be not con- 


formed to this world. To what docs this prohibition re- 
Jate ? To fuch ungodly cuttoms, no doubt. No bat- 
tery of canon was ever pointed more diredtly againil 
a citadel to be demolifhed, than this text againft fuch 
cuftoms. In indifferent matters, Jet the Chriftian a- 
void iingularity ; let him drefs fomewhat like his 
neighbours ; let him make an appearance fuitable to 
Jiis itation: but let him not follow a multitude to pro- 
fane the Sabbath, or to do any evil. HERE religious 
perfons fliould, by all means, be/ingulttr; fliould dif- 
tingutfh themfelves by a becoming zeal for their 
GOD; ihould fet an example, and (Line as lights, 
in the midft of a crooked and perverfe generation : 
otherwife, they may do, not themfelves only, but o~ 
thers alfo, incredible harm. 

OBJECTION V. Some perhaps may ftart, and 
reply, " If thefe things are fo, to what a degree of 
" finful negligence is even the Chriftian world arri- 
*' ved !" With regard to the world called Chriflian, 
this is too true. And no meafure of forrow can be 
fufficient to bewail the deplorable degeneracy. Ne- 
gligence, or rather obftinacy, in this capital inftance, 
is a melancholy indication of no lefs diibbedience in 
other refperts. 

OBJECTION VI. " This will be irkfome, will 
" render our religion a burden." I hope, no one 
that pretends to ferioufnefs will offer to make this ob- 
jection. The finners in Zion made it. For which rea- 
Ibn they are branded, and by the divine SPIRIT 
himfelf, with infamy that will never be blotted out : 
O ! what a wearine/'s is it ! when will the Sabbath^ 
and its irkfome folemnities, begone? Mai. i. ig. and 
jfmos viii. 5. This difcovers a heart alienated from 
GOD, that has not tafted the good word of grace, 
and favours not the things which be of C H R I S T. 
Otherwife, fuch would be the language, u One day, 
" thus employed, is better than a thoufand," Pfal. 
Ixxxiv. Jo. Is it tedious and burdenfome to pafs 


S U N D A Y-V I S I T S. 215 

a Jingle day in devout exercifes ? How then fliall we 
pafs, how fliall we endure the agts of eternity ? fince 
we are afllired, that thofe happy beings, who ftand a- 
round the throne, clothed with white robes, ferve 
their GOD day and night, for ever and ever, in his 
temple. In the regions of immortality they find a 
heaven ; becaufe there they have a never-ceafing and 
eternal communion with GOD; becaufe there they 
have an uninterrupted and everlafting Sabbath. 


O N T H E 

o r 


Train up a child in the way Jhe Jbould go ; and luhenjhe is old, 
Jhe -will not depart from it. Prov. xxii. 6. 


AS this little treatife was intended for the prefs, 
by Mr HE R v E Y, he had tranicribed it from his 
fhort-hand copy. The candid reader will, however, 
make the proper allowances for a pofthumous piece, 
which would undoubtedly have appeared lefs defec- 
tive, had it been revifed by the ingenious AUTHOR. 

IT has long been a prevailing report, that, among per- 
fons of education andd:(tincT:ion,truereligionisvery 
rare. This, I would hope, is an invidious rumour, rather 
than a true reprefcntation of the cafe. May it not be an 



artifice of the grand enemy ? calculated to bring the 
bcft and noblert of cauies into diirepute ; as though 
politenefs and piety were inconfdtent ; as though grace 
and good-breeding were irreconciieable. Is then the 
faith of CHRIST quite fatal to refined manners I 
as the rod of Mofes was to the counterfeit miracles of 
the magicians. No : it is rather like the influence of 
the fanftuary on the rod of sJaron; which, while it 
remained at a diftance from the tabernacle, was a dry, 
Japlels, and barren flick ; but, when depofited before 
the ark, was quickened into vegetable light, was a- 
dorned with a milk-white bloom, and enriched with 
full-grown fruit ; or, as the facred biftorian expreile* 
this iurprifing -fact, " It brought forth buds, and 
" bloomed biolFoms, and yielded almonds/' Numb. 

KVli. ft. 

I find upon the lift of faints, the moft -renowned 
kings, and victorious generals ; the ableft politicians, 
and the greateft philofophers : men, that have bid the 
fun ftand (till, and prolong the departing day ; have 
laid an embargo upon darknefs, and protra&ed the 
Shades of night ; have commanded the ground to 
cleave afunder, and tranfmit their prefumptuous foes 
to a ftrange and inevitable deftru&ion ; have divided 
the impetuous waves, and led their followers to fafe- 
ty and to conqueft, through the depths of the fea : 
men, who have walked in the burning fiery furnace, 
as under the flicker of an embowering arbour ; and 
fat in the lion's den, an;iclfl a herd of hungry mongers, 
with as much ferenity, and as much Security, as a- 
midlt a circle of bofom-friends. 

I myfelf have known various perrons, admired for 
their accomplifhed behaviour, and revered for their 
exalted ftation, wko have thought it their higheft ho- 
nour to be fervants of J E S U S CHRIS T. My 
excellent friend Camillus, at whofe houfe I now refide, 
is one of the number. I cannot refrain from giving a 
.portrait of C&millus ; or rather, of a few of his mofi: 

Vox. V. N 23. Ee 


cliftinguifhing features : for to paint him in full pro- 
portion, as he daily appears, in all the mild, the be- 
jiign majefty of domeftic authority, parental go- 
vernment, and ChrHUan zeal j to do this, would 
require a much abler hand than mine. 

CamilluS) not long ago, entertained in his houfe a 
young clergyman, who vyas always treated with a re- 
ipe<ft, faitable to the dignity of his office, and the 
piety of his behaviour. Haying lately prefented the 
worthy ecclefiaftic to a living, and always requiring 
refidence on the benefice, he is now defHtute of a 
chaplain. Remembering, however, that all Chriftians 
are fpiritual priefts ; he thinks it no difhonour to have, 
an immediate and pcrfonal audience with the King of 
heaven ; nor acting at all out of character, to reprc- 
fcnt the wants of his houiehold, with his own mouth, 
fit the throne of grace. 

Before i upper is introduced, the evening-incenfe 
afcends. This, rather than a later hour, is pitched 
upoq, that the little congregation may join in the fa- 
cred fervice, with a lively devotion. After a plentiful 
meal, when the limbs are weary, people, even though 
kneeling, and in the prefence of God, are more in- 
clined to nod than to pour out their fouls ; are very, 
very apt to miftake the cuihion for a pillow. No fer- 
vant is allowed to be abfcnt ; one only excepted, wliofe 
prefence in the kitchen is abiblutely neceffary. Ac- 
quainted with their matter's refolution, they are care- 
ful, ib to manage their affairs, and difpatch their bu- 
finefs, that no avoidable obftacle may intervene, to 
detain them from the ftated worfliip. 

When all a^e aifembled, without either tumultuous 
diibrder in their approach, or a ilovenly negligence in 
their apparel, a chapter is read. Caviillus makes rhe 
choice. He imagines, it is not ib ufeful for his family, 
\vhofe memories are weak, and their capacities fcanty, 
to read the IclTbn for the day. He has, therefore, 
fclected ibme cf the moit iuilruciive and animating 


of ft A U G H 

portions of fcripture ; and judges it advifable to per- 
tife thefe agaiii and again, rather than to' go regularly 
through the whole infpired writings. The iervants 
take it by turns to read ; which improves them in the 
practice,* and keeps them awake. If any of them 
difcovers a difpofition to fleep, to him the office is fure 
to be ailigned. 

When the chapter is /i'mmed, Camillus fingles out 
fome one verfe, of very weighty and edifying import ; 
which for the fpace of five or lix minutes, he explains, 
applies, and affectionately urges upon their confciences. 
This done, with great ferioufnefs, and profound 
reverence, he offers up evening-prayers. Kis prayers 
confift of fhort ftntences, and the whole is performed 
in a little time. Every part is pronounced with that; 
deliberate flownefs, and folemn accent, which com- 
mand attention, and create awe. He makes a very 
perceivable paufe, at the clofe of each petition ; that 
every one may have lerfure to add, in (Hence, a hearty 
Amen ; and to recoiled: the merits of that blefled Re- 
deemer, which render every thanklgiving acceptable, 
and every fupplication fuccefsful. 

In the morning, before breakfaft, the worftiip of 
the living God is renewed. At this juncture, Camillus 
omits the chapter ; but requires one of his domeftics 
to repeat the verfe on which he enlarged the preceding 
night. None knows which -(hall be called to this tafk ; 
therefore every one is obliged to be properly prepared. 
He throvvs the fubftance of his exhortation into a few 
Searching and interefting queflions, which he addreffcs 
to one of his children or fervr-nts : for, in this rcfpt-cl T 
no difference is made. All arc equally enjoined to re- 
niember : all ire equally accountable for wh;tt they 
hear. Sometimes he encourages tlu!e, whole aniwcrS 
flicw, that they have given diligent hetd to his in- 
Itrmflions. .Sometimes he puts on an air of fevcrityy 
mixed with tenderncfs, nnd reptoves the notorioufly- 
negligent. Alwayshe re-inculcates the principal points) 

E e a diargui</ 

On the RELIGIOUS ED uc AT row 

charging them to retain the dortrincs in their memory ,- 
.-UK! revolve them in their thoughts, while they are 
puriiiiiig their rdpeclive buiineis. Thcle doctrines 
are the kred of faith ; the root of godlincis. Unlefs 
THESE be 'lodged in the mind, and operate on the 
licart, he never -experts to have his domeftics com- 
mence true believers, or real ChrHtians. No more 
than the hufbandman can rea-ton-ably expert a crop in 
harvefl, without towing his field ; or the florilt pro- 
inifc himlHf a blow of tulips, without planting his 

I have given a glimpfe of Camillas , at the head of 
his family ; let me now (hew my favourite in another 
attitude. Camillas is convinced, that no trult is of lu- 
pcrior, or of equal importance, to the tuitionary cul- 
tivation * of an immortal foul. As Providence has 
blefled him with two fine daughters, therr prefent and 
future happineis is the reigning object of his care. 
He has no intereft fo much at heavt, as to give them 
a truly-refined education ; fuch as- may render them 
an ornament and a blclfing to iociety, while they pals 
the time of their fojouming here below ; and may 
train them up for a ftate of everlafting blifs, when the 
\vorld and its tranfitory fcenes fliall be no more. 

Camillas never could perfuade himfelf to admire the 
maxims of prudence, faid to be gathered from the 
extravagant rant of our tragedies ; and lefs is his 
efleem for thole modeft difpofitions, which people pre- 
tend to imbibe from the lufcious gallantries of come- 
dy. For which reafon, he has no impatient defire to 
iecurCj for Mils Mitijja and Mils Serena, a place in the 


* Stnfcrs, quid mfrts rite, quid indues. 
Nittrita fuii/h's fub penetratibus 

Poffet. HOR, 

The meaning of which in Engli/b is : 

a What could be done u-e know, were we but led 
" By b-right example, and by virtue bred." 


front-box. However, as we are apt immoderately to 
covet what is abfolutely forbidden, he has himfelf at- 
tended them, once or twice, to the theatrical enter- 
tainments, and public diverfions j thinking it much 
the fafeft method, that their curiofity fliould be grati- 
fied under his own infpedlion ; and hoping to make 
them icnfible how much they endanger their virtue, 
who too often frequent them ; how fhamefully they 
debafe their affections, who are paifionately fond of 
them ; and what mere phantoms they follow, who 
feek for fatisfaction in fuch delufory delights. 

They learn to dance, in order to acquire a genteel 
air, and a graceful demeanor ; not to mine at a ball, 
or win the worthlefs admiration of fops. He is con- 
tent to have them unacquainted with the wild and ro- 
mantic fables of Heathen poetry -, nor is* under any 
painful apprehenfions of damping the fprightlinefs of 
their temper, though they have no tafte for the chi- 
merical adventures of our romances, and are ftrangers 
to the looie intrigues of our novels ;. being fujly per- 
fuaded, that there is as much found fenfe > as linart- 
nefs of thought, in that celebrated faying, 

Retire, and read your BIBLE, to be gay ; 
'There truths abound of fuvereign aid to peace * / 

He lias introduced them to the knowledge of hiftory, 
a-nd its inftrucVive facts. They have a tolerable idea 
of the four univerfal monarchies, fo eminent for their 
great events, and fo circtimftantially foretold in fcrip- 
ture. They have been led through the moft remark- 
able tranfa&ious of our own country, and are pretty 
well acquainted with the prefent flate of Europe. They 
have, all along, been taught to obferve the wonderful 
revolutions of empires, and the adorable procedure of 
providence: that they may dilceni how thefa/hion of 
this 'world paJJ'cth away \; and how happy ate the peo- 

ple y 

* Dr Youngs eighth night thought. 

f- i Cor. vii. 31. Not only the little projeft* and puny 



pie, how happy thr pcrfons, who have the LOR 
ilicir GOD. They have been taught to bbferve the 
honourable fucccfs, that has ufually attended the prac- 
ti t; of integrity, guided by prudence ; together with 
tlr Icandal and ruin which have always pur fued Folly 
in her ienlrleis rambles, and dogged Vice to her hor- 
rid haunts : that they may ie.e the roeks On which 
Tome have fplit, anil avoid the deflruclive track ; fee 
the road} which has conducted others to the haven of 
happinefs, and fleer the fame auipicious couffe. 

They have been initiated in geography, and under- 
ftand the feveral divifions of the globe; the extent of 
its principal kingdoms; and the manners of their va- 
rious inhabitants. They will tell you the peculiar com- 
modities which each climate produces: whence comes 
the tea, that fur ni flies their breakfafl ; and whence 
the fugar that renders it palatable : what mountains 
fupply them with wines, and what iflands fend them 
their Ipices : in what groves the filk-worms fpin the 
materials for their cloaths; and what mines * Itipply 
them with the diamonds that fparkle in their ear-rings. 
A icreen, covered with a fet of coloured maps, and 
a cuftom of referring from the public papers to thofe 
beautiful draughts, has rendered the acquifition of this , 


achievements of private perfons; but the power of diftinguifii- 
td families ; the policies of mighty fUtes; the magnificence of 
the greatelt kingdoms ; all, all are in a ilate of perpetual fluc- 
tuation. They fade n-way (as theapoltle mod fignificantty de- 
icribes the ca!e) like the graceful and gloffy ai'peft of foine de- 
licate fluwer, when the lun arilcs with a fcorching hear, "Jam. 
i. n. They fxifs away (as the prophet iliil more emphatically 
fpeaks) like the chaff of the funimer threfliing-floors, which 
rhe wuid carries off on its wings, and the place thereof is 
knov/n no more, Dan. ii. 34. 

* The. beft of the diamond mines are in the kingdom of 
Gotconda, near to M ADR. ASS (or Fort St Gtcrgr, as it is 
frequently called, bfcaufe the Eafr-India company have fo ny 
med the furt they have builr, for thsfeturity of their import- 
ant factory at Mudrafs ) 


knowledge a diverilon rather than a tafk; has enticed 
them into a valuable branch of icience, under the in- 
viting difguife of amuiement. This ierves to enlarge 
their apprehenfions of things; gives them magnificent 
thoughts of the great Creator; and may help to fup- 
prei's that filly ielf-admiration, which prompts fora any 
pretty idols, to fancy themiclves the only confiderable 
creatures under heaven. 

They fpeli to perfection ; and have obtained this 
art, by a fort of play, rather than by laborious appli- 
cation. Whenever they aiked any little gratification, 
it has been their papa's cuftom to make them ipeli 
the word ; which if they performed aright, they iel- 
dom failed to fucceed in their requeft '1 hey are 
niillrcfTes of the needle ; and the youngcft, whole 
genius inclines that way, is expert in ufinj the pencil. 
Mulic is ( their recreation not their buiineis. The ti- 
ded, to a fkilful finger, adds a melodious and well-re- 
gulated voice. She often entertains me with iinging 
an anthem to her harpfichord. Entertains, did 1 fay ? 
fhe really edifies me. Thefe truly-excellent perform- 
ances exalt the defires, and compofe the affections. 
They infpire iuch a ferenity of delight, as leaves nei- 
ther a Ming in the corifcience, nor a Main on the ima- 
gination. Methinks, they bring us a little antepaft of 
heaven, and tune our fouls for its harmonious joys. 

Thoroughly verfed in the moft practical parts of 
arithmetic, they have each her week, wherein to be 
intruded with the management of a fum of money. 
This they difburfe, as circtimftances require, for the 
fmaller neccffaries of the family. Of this they keep 
an exact account, and make a regular entry of each 
particular in their day-book. Not long ago, a tenant 
of inferior rank came to Camillus with his rent. In- 
ftead of receiving it himfelf, he referred him to Mils 
Serena. You would have been delighted to obferve 
the behaviour of our little landlady, on this occafion ; 
the engaging condefcenfion, with which Hie addreifed 


On the RE tio 10 us EDUCATION 

*he honefl ruftic ; the tender good-nature, with which 
i\\c inquired after my dame and the family at home; the 
ready dexterity with which me wrote and fubfcribed a 
proper receipt ; and, above all, her amiable generofity, 
in returning half a crown, to buy a copy-book for 
his eldeft ion; u who," he iid, " was juft going in<- 
** to joining- hand; but, he feared, would never come 
** to fpell or write half fo well as her Ladyfhip." 

Though Camillus is careful to ground them betimes 
in the rules of (Economy, he is equally careful to 
.cultivate a fpirit of difcreet beneficence. A few days 
ago, when my friend and his lady were abroad, Mils 
Mitiffa was informed of a poor woman in the parifh 
juft brought to bed, after a long a*id hard labour ; 
who, being unhappily married to a fot of a fellow, 
was, at a time when the choiceft comforts are fcarcely 
fuificient, deflitute of the meaneft conveniencies. Up- 
on hearing the calamitous cafe, ftie immediately dif- 
patched a fervant, with a crown from her weekly 
ilock : part, to buy for the afflifted .creature fome 
prefent accommodations ; and part, to defray the cx- 
pences, at filch a juncture, unavoidable : .but gave a 
ftrift charge, that the whole fliould be employed for 
the relief of the diftrefTed mother, and her helplels 
infant ; none of it fingered or enjoyed by the worth- 
leis drone her hufband. When Camillus returned, 
he wasfo pleaied with this feafonabie and well-judged 
charity, that, beiidcs his commendation and careiTes, 
he farther rewarded our confideratc matron-like bene- 
faclrefs, by making her a prefent of ClariJJ'a *. For 
he always contrives to make what tends to their im- 
provctuent, the matter of their reward. If they 
liave committed a faujt, they are forbid the privilege 
of ufing their maps. If they have behaved in a be- 
coming manner, their recompenfe is, not a piece of 
money, or a paper of fweet-meats, but fome new in- 


* A book admirably calculated to inftruft and entertain ; 
wjote by the celebrated Mr RICHARDSON, in eight volumes 

of D A U G H T E R S. 225- 

ftru&ion on the globe, fome new lefloH on the harpfi- 
chord, wliich may at once delight and improve them. 
To prevent a haughty carriage, and to worm out 
all inordinate felf-love, he teaches them to confider 
their neighbours, as members of the fame univerial 
family, and children of the fame almighty Father. 
However poor in their circumftances, or mean in their 
afpeft, they are the objects of GOD's infinitely ten- 
der regards ; of that GOD who has given his own 
Mori to fuffer death for their pardon, and has prepared 
a heaven of endlefs blifs for their final reception. For 
which reaibn they fhould deipife none, but honour 
all ; fhould be as ready to do them good, as the hand 
is ready to footh the eye when it fmarts, or cafe the 
head when it aches. One afternoon, when he was go- 
ing to treat them with an orange, he bid each of them 
bring a fine toy, lately received for a prefent. It was 
made in the lhape of a knife ; the handle of ivory, 
and inlaid with they gayeft colours ; the blade of glafs, 
mod dazzlingly bright, but without an edge. Cut the 
orange in two, faid their pappa. When they both 
tried with their pretty knives, and, to their no fmall 
mortification, both failed ; he furnifhed them with 
another, of more ordinary appearance, but tolerably 
fliarp. With this they eafily pierced the rind, and 
came at the delicious juice. " Who now," faid Ca- 
millus, " wou|d not prefer one fuch ferviceablc, tho* 
" plain utenfil, to a hundred of thofe glittering, but 
44 worthlefs trifles ? And you, my dear children, if 
44 you have no other recommendations, than a fhewy 
44 perfon, and the trappings of dreis ; you will be as 
" contemptible in your generation, as that infignificant 
44 bauble. But if it is the defirc of your hearts, and 
44 the endeavour of your lives, to be eXtenfively ufe- 
41 ful ; you will gain, and, what is better, you will 
44 delerve repe<ft ; your names will be precious, and 
44 your memories blefled." 

With equal watchfulnefs, he difcopntcnances all 
VOL. V. N 23. F f thofc 


tbofe arts of petulcnt barbarity, which children are fo 
apt to cxercifc on the reptile creation. He will allow 
no court of inquifition to be creeled within his houfc ; 
no, not upon the mofl defpicablc, or even the noxious 
animals. The very nuifanccs that are endued with life, 
he thinks fhould be difpatched, not with a lingering 
butchery, but with a merciful expedition. To rend 
in pieces a poor fly, and feaft their eyes with the 
mangled limbs, fliivering and convulicd in the pangs 
of death ; to impale a wretched infect on the needle 
or the bodkin ; and, what is Mill more Shocking, to 
take plealure in hearing its palHonate moan, and fee- 
ing its agonizing struggles ; inch practices he abfolute- 
ly forbids, as infufferable violations of nature's law ; 
iuch as tend to extingnifli the loft emotions of pity, 
and inure the mind to a habit of inhumanity. He 
often informs his lovely pupils, that every living crea- 
ture is fenfible of pain ; that none can be abufed in 
this cruel manner, without fuffering very exquifite 
mifery. To turn their torments into paftime, and 
make fport with their anguifh, is a rigour more than 
tyrannical, worie than brutal ; is the very reverfe of 
that benign Providence, whole tender mercies are over 
ALL his works. 

He propofes to give them a tafte of natural philofo- 
phy, and to accommodate them with the beft micro- 
fcopcs ; that the ufe of thej'e instruments, and a fpice 
of that knowledge, may infpire them with an early 
admiration of nature's works, and with the deepeft 
veneration of nature's almighty Author. Carnillus has 
no defign to finifh a couple of female philosophers ; or 
to divert their attention from thole domeltic arts, 
which are the trueft accomplifhments of the fex * : 
yet neither would he have his daughters debarred 
from that rational and exalted delight, which is to be 


* For nothing lovelier can be found 
In woman, than to Itudy huufehold good. Mi IT. 

of DAUGHTERS. 227 

found in the contemplating the curiofities of the great 
Creator's cabinet. Why may they not, without de- 
parting from their own y or encroaching on the mauu- 
line character; why may they not be acquainted with 
the accurately-nice ftructure of an animal, or with the 
procefs and effects of vegetation ? Why may they 
not learn the admirable operations of the air, or the 
wonderful properties of the watei ? haveibme general 
notion of th immenfe magnitudes, the prodigious 
distances, and the flill more amazing revolutions of 
the heavenly orbs ? He apprehends it very practicable, 
to conduct an entertainment with dignity, and order 
a family with propriety; even while they retain 1'ome 
tolerable idea of thole magnificent laws, which regu- 
late the fyftein of the univerfe. 

The microicopc, whenever they are inclined to a- 
mufe themfelves, will (hew them a profufion c=f fplen- 
did ornaments, in fome of the moft common and con- 
temptible objects. It will (hew them gold and em- 
broidery, diamonds and pearl, azure, green, and ver- 
milion, where unaffifted eyes behold nothing but pro- 
vocatives of their abhorrence. This inflrument will 
(hew them the brighteft varnifli, and the moft curious 
carving, even in the minuteft i'craps of exiftcnce. 
Far more furprifing than the magic feats of the moft 
dexterous juggler, it will treat their fight, not with 
delufive, but with real wonders. A huge elephant * 
ihall ftalk, where a puny mite was wont to crawl. 
Blood fhall bound from the beating heart, and eyes 
iparkle with a lively luftre ; limbs fhalt play the moft 
iprightly motions, or ftand compofed in the moft 
graceful attitudes ; where nothing ordinarily appear- 
ed, but a confufed fpeck of animated matter. A tinc- 
ture of philolbpby will be the cojmetic of nature ; will 
F f 2 render 

* What is allufwely faid of the defraying tongue, may, I 
think, without a figure, be affirmed of this wonderful indru- 
ment. Trabem in fcjluca^ elfphantcm in culicf, Alpcs et Pyre- in verruca oJUr.dit. 


render all her fcenes lovely, and all her apartments a 
theatre of diverfion ; diverfions infinitely fupcrior to 
thole dangerous delights which arc fo apt to inveigle 
the affections, and debauch the minds of young peo- 
ple. When Philofophy lends her optics, an uncloud- 
ed morning, beautiful with the riling fun ; a clear 
night, brilliant with innumerable ftars ; will be a more 
pleafmgipe&acle, than the gaudieft illuminations of the 
affembly-room. The melody of birds, and the mur- 
mur of fountains ; the humming infect, and the figh- 
jng gale ; will be a higher gratification, than the fi- 
nefl airs of an opera. A field covered with corn, or 
a meadow befprinkled with daifies ; a-raarfh planted 
with ofiers, or a mountain (haded with oaks ; will 
yield a far more agreeable proipeft than the moft 
pompous fcenes that decorate the ftage. Should clouds 
overcafl the heavens, or winter difrobc the flowers ; 
an inquiry into the caufes of thefe grand viciifitudcs, 
will more than compenfate the tranfitory lofs. A 
difcovery of the divine wifdom and divine goodnefs, 
in thefe feemingly-difaftrous changes, will impart gaU 
cty to the moft gloomy fky, and make the moft un- 
ornamented feafons fmile. 

It is for want of fuch truly elegant and fatisfaftory 
amnfernents, that fo many ladies of the firft diftinc- 
tion, and fineft genius, have no proper employ for 
their delicate capacities ; but lofe their happinefs in 
flights of caprice, or fits of the vapour ; lofe their 
time in the moft jnfipid chat, or the moft whimfical 
vagaries J while thought is a burthen, and reflection 
is a drudgery, folitude fills them with horror, and a 
ferious difcourfc makes them melancholy. 

Above all, Camillas is moft earneftly defirous to 
have his tender charge grounded in the principles, 
and actuated with the fpirit of Chriftianity. No 
fcheme, he is thoroughly perfuaded, was ever fo wife- 
ly calculated to fweeten their tempers, to exalt their 
ajffeftions, and form them to felicity, either in this 


of DAUGHTERS. 229 

world or another. It is therefore his daily endeavour, 
by the molt eafy and endearing methods of inftruction, 
to fill their minds with the knowledge of thole heaven- 
ly doctrines ; and win their hearts to the love of that 
invaluable book, in which they are delineated. He 
longs to have a fcnfe of G O D Almighty's goodnefs 
imprcffed on their fouls. From this fource, under 
the influences of the fanctifying Spirit, he would de- 
rive all the graces, and all the duties of godlinefs *. 
With this view, he fpeaks of the Divine Majefty, not 
only as fupereminently great, but as moft tranlcend- 
ently pofTeiTc'd of every delightful, every charming 
excellence. He reprefents all the comforts they en- 
joy, and every bldfing they receive, as the gifts of 
his bountiful hand, and as an earned of nnfpeakably- 
richer favours. He often, often reminds them, that 
\vhatevertheirhcavenly Father 'commands, for bids , /- 
flifts, proceeds from his overflowing kindnefs, and is 
intended for their eternal good, if, by thefe expedi- 
ents, he may awaken in their minds an habitual gra- 
titude to their everlafting Benefactor. The actings of 
which noble principle, are not only fruitful in every 
good woi;k, but productive of the truett fatisfadtion : 
ibmewhat like the fragrant ftrcams of confecrated in- 
cenfe ; which, while they honoured the great object 
of worfhip, regaled with their plealing perfumes of 
devout worfhip. 

Nothing is more difpleafing to Camillus, than the 
fond flatteries, which their injudicious admirers be- 


' This method is perfectly conformable to the practice of 
the PfalmHt ; Thy loving kindnefs is ever before mine eyfs^ and^ 
animated by tin* iwtet inducement, I -will walk in thy truth^ 
Flal. xxvi. 3. To the injunction of our divine Matter; If 
yvulnvc me^ let this be the proof, this the fruit of your affec- 
tion, keep my commandments, John xiv. 15. And to the expe- 
rience of the chief of the apoitles ; 'Ihe love of Ckrift* though 
uot excluliveof, yet fuperior to every other motive, c 
efh us, 2 Cor. v. 14. 


flow on their fhapc and their complexion, the grace- 
fulncfs of their carriage, and the vivacity of their wit. 
He would fain make them fenfible, that thefe embel- 
lifhments are of the lowed: value, and mod fading 
nature * ; that if they render, their poflefTors vain 
and felf- conceited, they are far greater blcmifhes, than 
a hump on the back, a wen in the neck, or fluttering 
in the fpeech. He would have them thoroughly con- 
vinced, that, notwithftanding all their filks, diamonds, 
and other marks of their fuperior circumftances, they 
are ignorant, guilty, impotent creatures ; blind to 
truths of the laft importance ; dcferving the venge- 
ance of eternal fire, and unable of themfelves to 
think a gr od thought : that, from iuch convictions, 
they may perceive their abiblute need of a Saviour ; a 
Saviour in all his offices ; as a Prophet, to teach them 
heavenly wifdom ; as a Pricft, to atone for all their 
many, many fins ; as a King, to iubduc their iniqui- 
ties, write his laws in their hearts, and make them, 
in all their conversation, holy. 

In fhort, the point he chiefly labours, is, to work 
in their hearts a deep, an abiding fenfe, that GOD 
is their fupreme, their only good ; that the blefTed 
JESUS is the rock of their hopes, and the fountain 
of their falvation ; that all their dependence, for ac- 
quiring the beauties of holinefs, and tailing the joys 
of the fublimeft virtue, is to be placed on the H O- 
L Y G H O S T the Comforter. Amidft all thcfe ef- 

* Here i the amiable and noble reverfe of that modi/h nio 
tnre represented by Milton : 

For that fair female troop thou faw'ft, that feem'd 

Of godilefles, fo blithe, fo i'mooth, fo gay, 

Yet empty of all good, wherein conlifts 

Woman's domeftic honour and chief praife; 

Bred only and completed to the tafte 

Of luftful appetence, to fing, to dance, 

To drei's, and troll the tongue, and roll the eye. 

J3. XI, 614, 

of D A U G H T E R S. 231 

forts of his own, he never forgets, never fails to plead, 
that precious promifeofthe unchangeable JEHOVAH; 
/ will pour my Jpirit upon thy ferd, and my bleffing upon 
thy offspring, and they fliail grow up y in knowledge 
and in grace, as willows by the water-courjcs *. 

A lady of brilliant parts, but no very extraordinary 
piety, told Camillus, that he would fpoil the pretty 
dears; would extinguifb that decent pride, and fond- 
nefs for pleafure, which are fhining qualifications ia 
an accomplifhed young lady ; which give her an ele- 
vation of ientiment, and a delicacy of taftc, greatly 
iuperior to the ignoble vulgar. To whom he replied, 
" Far from extirpating their paffions, I only attempt 
44 to turn them into a right channel, and direct them 
" to the worthieft objects. Willing I am, that they 
44 mould have a decent ambition ; an ambition, not 
44 to catch the giddy coxcomb's eye, or be the hack- 
44 neyed toaft of rakes ; but to pleafe their parents ; 
44 to make a hufband happy ; and to promote the glo- 
44 ry of God. They may entertain a fondnefs for 
41 pleafure ; but fuchpleafure as will ennoble their fouls, 
44 afford them fubftantial fatisfaclion, and preparethem 
41 for the fruition of immortal blits. Let them be co- 
41 vetous alfo, if you pleafe, Madam ; but covetous of 
44 redeeming their time, and of gaining intellectual 
44 improvement ; covetous of thofe riches, which no 
41 moth can corrupt, nor thief (teal ; which neither 
" time nor death deftroy." 

In all thefe inftanecs of parental folicitudc, his be- 
loved Emilia takes her conftant, her willing (hare ; 


* If. xliv. 3, 4. A promife of ineflimable worth; never to 
be forgotten by believing parents; better, to their children, 
than the largeft patrimony, orthericheftdowery. It is exceed- 
ingly beautiful, and equally comfortable. Not, I will drop, I 
will <///?///, hut I will pour; denoting a large and copious fupply. 
They (hall p,ro\v, not as a root out of a dry ground ; but as a 
trff, planted in a moft kindly foil, where it is plentifully uja- 
tcred t and flourffics in the molt ample manner. 


contributes her advice, in every plan that is concert- 
ed ; and her hearty concurrence in every expedient 
that is executed ; every expedient, for polifhing the 
human jewel *, and making their manners as fault lefs 
as their forms. May the GOD of infinite gbodnefs, 
the facred fourceof all perfection, proiper their endea- 
vours ! that, as the young ladies are adorned, in their 
perfons, with native beauty, they may be enriched, 
in their underftandings, with refined knowledge; and 
dignified, in their fouls, with the fpirit of the bleflTed 
JESUS. Then, furely, more amiable objects, the 
eye of man cannot behold ; more defirablc partners, 
the heart of man cannot wifli. 

* Delightful taflc ! to rear the tender thought, 
To teach the young idea how to, flioot, 
And pour the frefli inftru&ion o'er the mind. 

TaoM SON'S Spring. 

P R E- 


T O 


Z> EL 1C 10 N, or an affectionate and firm connec- 
tion of the foul, with God, is the higheft im- 
provement of the human mind, and the brighteft or- 
nament of the rational nature. It is the mod indil^ 
ibluble bond of civil foeiety, and the only foundation 
of happinefs to every individual perfon. 

The go/pel, by which we have accefs to the King 
immortal, invifible, through the merits of Jefus Chrifl 
by which we are conformed to his amiable and holy 
image, through the operations of the blefTed Spirit ; 
the gofpel is, of all other religions, moffc cxquifitely 
adapted to compafs thole delirable ends. 

This point hath often been demonitrated with all 
the ftrength of argument, and illuftrated by every de-^ 
coration of eloquence. In the following (beets, we arc 
prefented with a new proof of the fame important 
truth ; deduced from a toprc level to every capacity, 
and from a fcene in which all mutt, fooner or later, 
be pfrjonally concerned. 

Nothing ftrikes the mind of a wife and attentive 
obferver fo forcibly zsjatf; nothing hath fo ftrong a 
tendency to convince the judgment, and influence! 
the conduct. . In the Collection before us, we have a 

* Referred to in Mr HERVEY'S Life, page vii. 

VOL. V. N 23, 



fcries of indubitable and interefling facts. Here arc 
jome of the in oil reno-wned, many of the moft worthy 
peribns, after a life of exemplary devotion and exalted 
virtue, bearing their dying teftimony to the excellency 
of the poipel, and the pltajures of religion : Peribns 
from different countries, of different denominations, 
and flourifhing in diftant periods of time : Perfons 
in the moft awful moments of their exigence ; when 
hypocriiy drops the mafk ; when worldly motives lofc 
their weight j and there remains no more temptation 
to deceive ; all thefe, uniting in the fame fentiments ; 
all repollng their confidence on the lame GREAT ME- 
DIATOR ; all proclaiming the dignity, efficacy, and glory 
of the evangelical fyftem, in a manner fnperior to 
language : proclaiming it by a peace of conicience, 
which the whole world cannot give ; and a joy of 
heart, which tranicends all defcription. 

Such a collection of Memoirs is, I think, a valuable 
addition to the evidences for Chriftianity ; a confider- 
able aid to the interefts of piety ; and worthy, both of 
frequent perufal, and univerjal acceptance. 

A work of this nature hath often appeared to me 
among the dtfiderata of the clofet. I have fometimes 
wondered, that no ingenious pen hath attempted it ; 
and always thought, that, when duly executed, it 
would bid fair for extenfiv e ujrfulnefs . But I am glad 
to find myfelf anticipated in this opinion by a writer *, 
whofe words I mail beg leave to tranicribe, and whofe 
judgment cannot be queftioned : " There is nothing 
" in hiftory which is f'o improving to the reader, as 
" thofe accounts which we meet with of the deaths of 
" eminent perfons, and of their behaviour in that 
" dreadful ieafon -f- " Here is a large field, in which 
the reader may not barely glean a few ears^ but gather 
liis /heaves, or reap a harveft of that facred improve* 
ment, which our admired critic mentions. Here is a 


* Mr Addifw. f Sfcflattr, vol. IV. N? 289. 


multitude of thole mod diflingui/Jied and animating 
parts of hiftory, traced through various ages of the 
church; from the heroic martyrdom of venerable Ig- 
natius, to the peaceful exit of the pious and ingenious 
Dr Watts. 

Thefe hiftories are not only unqueftionably true, 
but of the moft unexceptionable kind. They are deli- 
vered in the very words of the author from vvhofe 
writings they are extracted : fo that we may depend 
upon a ftric\ exadntjs in point of authenticity, and 
(lull be entertained with an agreeable diverjity in refe- 
rence to ftyle. None of thefe accounts perlbnate Ihe 
romantic iniei, Ability of the Stoic, or the brutal hardi- 
nefs of the Sceptic. None of them exhibit the inde- 
cent levity of a Petronius, or the pitiable fluctuation 
of a Socrates. But all diiplay true fortituiO, rational 
tranquillity, and -well- grounded hope ; built upon the 
divi-.e promiies, fupported by the divine Spirit, ren- 
dered ftedfaft and immoveable by a divine propitiation 
and righteoufnefs. 

Here the minifter of the gofpel may farnifh himfelf 
with noble materials, to enrich and enliven his com- 
pofitions for the pulpit. And I dare venture to fore- 
tell, that no part of his public addrefles will be heard 
with a clofer attention, or collected with a iweeter re- 
lim, than his pertinent application of the lad layings 
of truly religious men. 

Here the ftrong Ghrirtian may view, not without a 
glow of gratitude, perhaps with a rapture of delight, 
the inviolable fait/ifulnejs of his divine Mafter ; who 
never leaves nor forlakcs his fcrvants ; no, not at that 
trying fealon, which may molt emphatically be flyled, 
the time of need. He may view the never failing tender- 
nejs and grace of that good Spirit, who opens the 
rich promifes of fcripture ; applies the precious atone- 
ment of a Saviour j and makes the foldier of JES u s 
always to triumph* 

G g 2 Here 


Here the feeble, trembling believer may fee imper- 
fect creatures, men of like paflions and of like infir- 
mities with himfelf, looking death in thp face Math 
intrepidity. He may hear them addreifing that ghaflly 
monarch, in the triumphant language of the apoftle, 
O Death, iu here is thv ft in? ! To hear and fee this, 
will be a more effectual expedient to eftablifti his heart, 
more lovcrcign to deliver him from the bondage ef fear ^ 
than the molt fpirited exhortations, or the inoit lage 

Should the unbeliever be fo impartial, as to mark 
theie difciples of JES u s, and confider the end of their 
converi'ation ; he mull iurely acknowledge, both the 
divine origin, and nnequnlled energy of the glorious 
gofpel ; fince it administers inch Jlrorig coniblation, 
amidil the pains of a mortal difremper, and the ruins 
of diflolving nature. Vain, inexpreflibly vain and 
infignificant, mud every other icheme of falvation ap- 
pear, which is deftitute of an all-iufficient Redeemer, 
and void of an almighty Comforter. 

Should the libertine, in a ierious interval, approach 
theie death- beds of the juit ; he may behold the genuine 
fruits of faith unfeigned, and the lie (fed confequences 
of vital holineis.- And where can he behold 

jifccne, fo ftrong to ftrihe, fo Jweet to charm, 
So great fo raifc, Jo heavenly to injpire, 
So f olid to fupport fair Virtue's throne * f 

Or how can he behold all this, without feeling fome 
pangs of faint ary regret ; without entering into him- 
ielf, and forming forne uieful reflections ? " Will my 
fc vitious gratifications create fuch fweet compojure, 
<' fuch humbleyoy, fuch heavenly hope, at the laft a\v- 
" ful hour ? Alas ! will they not rather fliarpen the 
V fatal arrow ; add poifon to the point, and anguifh, 
' inconcciveablc anguifli, to the wound ?" 

* Ni^ht-Thoughts, uight II. 

Pious MEMORIALS. 237 

There may be, and there doubtlefs is, a variety of 
treatifes, written upon a variety of fubjects, in which 
many people are no way interefted. But the fubjeft 
of this book appertains to all. It is appointed, and 
by an irrevocable decree, that all muft die. There if 
no discharge in this warfare ; no, not for the votaries 
of gaiety and indolence. This conlideration, me- 
thinks, fhould incline even the gay and indolent to ob- 
ierve what is traniacted in the antechamber to thofe 
apartments, where they themtetoes mail (hortly lodge. 
And would they, from the eniiiing narratives, make 
their obfervation, they might be led to entertain more 
favourable apprehenfions of our holy religion. They 
would find, that, far from embittering life, itjweetens 
death, Inftead of damping the enjoyments of healthy 
it ibftens the bed of ficknels, and fooths even the ago- 
nies of diffolution. Why then mould they be afraid 
of pure and undefiled religion ? why ftand aloof, why 
withdraw themielves, from its benign invitations ? 
Can that throw a gloom upon the delectable hills, 
which is able to gild and gladden the valley of dark- 
nefs ? 

Some, perhaps, may be prompted by curiofity to 
cart an eye upon this folemn and augult Iprclacle ; 
a multitude of rational beings, arrived on the very 
borders of the inviiible ftate, bidding a final adieu to 
time, and juft launching out into the abyfTes of eter- 
nity. And, bleifed be the divine gooducfs, the fpec- 
tacle is as delightful as it is auguj} . Their Go D , their GOD 
fuftains them in the grcateft extremity. "They overcome 
the laft enemy through the bloedof the L4MB. Their 
difcourfes favour of heaven ; their hopes are full of 
immortality. Ami is not t /its' a privilege devoutly to 
be wifhed * ? Who, that has the leaft ferioufnefs, or 


* Even a Pagan writer could not but difcern the excellency 
of Inch a blelling; and made it one of the principal ingredient* 
which conflitute happinefs. 



feels any concern for his true happinefs, can forbear 
crying out, on fuch an occafion, LET ME DIE THE 


Life-) take thy chance. But oh ! for fuch an end \ ! 

Upon the whole, I would perfuacle myfelf, that 
THE Piou s MEMO RIALS may be a wordinfcafon, a 
welcome and well-adapted addrefs to readers of every 
character , may be a means, in the hand of Provi- 
dence, to awaken thcthaughttefs, and fix their atten- 
tion upon important and everlafting things ; may 
tend to reclaim the diflblute from ruinous practices, 
and engage them in the purfuit of thole fubftantial ac- 
quifitions, which will " bring them peace at the laft ;" 
may animate the Chrijlian to frefh zeal and renew- 
ed activity, in the fervice of our adorable IMMANU EL. 
That each, while he is running his race, may be 
infpirited to fay, with the holy apoftle, Te we to live is 
CHRIST; and each, when he hath finifhed his 
courfe, may be emboldened to add, To me to die is 

"With this aim the narratives were collected ; with 
this aim they are publifhcd. May the LORD of all 
power and might make them effectual to accomplifli 
\vhat is fo laudably deligned ! Then it will not be 
deemed a piece of officious impertinence, or prefuming 


Fzlix, qul potnit rerum cogno/ccre caufas, 
Atque metus omnes, et inexorabile fatum, 
Subject! pcdibus, (trepitumque Acherontis avari. 

VIRG. Georg. Jib. II. 

I wiih I could do juftice to Virgil's beautiful lines : but, 
though I dare not attempt a tranflation, I will affure the un- 
learned reader, that no book in our language, none, at \c*{), 
that I am acquainted with, contains fo copious an exemplifica- 
tion of their meaning, as the following pages afford. Here he 
>nay fee whatthecAarw/Mg- ;>c<rf fo delicately defcribes, but what 
(he poor Heathen never knew where to find. 

* Numb, xxiii. i&, f Night- thoughts, night U. 


boldnefs, for me to recommend them : it will rather 
be looked upon as an aft of friendjhip to the decea- 
fed author, and his diftrefled widow ; as an effort of 
true, of Chriftian benevolence to my fellow- creatures; 
and a proper expreflion of my gratitude to the Pu- 
blic, for that remarkable candour and indulgence 
fhewn to 

Their obliged, and 

Very humble fervanl:, 

July 1 8. 1753. 


E T T. E R 

T O 

Mr JOHN TRAILL late Bookfeller in Edinburgh, 
now Minifter of a Congregation of Proteflant 
DifTenters at Chelfca, near London. 

S I R, 

I Received your very valuable and no lefs acceptable 
preient *, fome weeks ago. I mould have acknow- 
ledged the favour fooner ; but I chofe to flay till I had 
tafled the difh you fet before me. And indeed I find it 
to be favoury meat, the true manna; food for the foul. 

Your worthy relative f was a workman that need 
not be aftiamed. He knew how, clearly to ftate and 
folidly to eftablifh the faith of GOD's elecl:, and the 
do&rine according to godlinefs. O ! that my heart, 
and the heart of every reader, may be opened by 
the eternal SPIRIT, to receive the precious truths ! 

The letter at the ericl of the firft volume J, is a ju- 
dicious performance^. It rightly divides the word of 
truth, and lays the line, with a mafterly hand, between 


* Mr Trail! had fent Mr Hervey a copy of his new edition 
of the firft two volumes of the works of the Rev. Mr Robert 
Traill late miniQer in London. The third volume was not 
republifhed till after Mr Hervey's death. 

-j-- Mr Robert Traill was uncle to Mr John Traill. 
,: This letter is entitled, A vindication of the Protcftant doc- 
trine concerning juftification, and of its preachers and prof cj~ 
forSj from the unjujl charge of Antinomianifm. 


the prcfumptuous legalift, and the licentious Antino- 
mian. I am particularly pleafed with the honourable 
teltimony bore to thole two excellent books, Dr 
Owen's treatife on juftification, and Mr Marfliall^ 
gofpcl-myftcry of ianclification * : Books fit to be re- 
commended by fo good a judge ! 

if the LORD pleaies to give TH E RON and As pA- 
sio any acceptance in Scotland, \ fliall be fincerely 
glad ; but it' he vouchfafes to make them, not only 
welcome, but uieful vifitants, I (hall exceedingly re- 
joice. In caie you mould think them calculated to 
promote the honour and further the golpel of JE-- 
SUS CHKfST, I hope you will favour them with 
your recommendation, and accompany them with your 
prayers ; which will be a frefh inllancc of kindneis to, 


Wefton, July 8. Your obliged friend, 

1755- and obedient fervant, 


P R O- 

* I think," fays Mr Traill, " that Dr On*'s excellent 
44 book of juitification, and Mr Mar/halt's book of the myP- 
44 tery of faiktification by faith in Jefus ChriH, are fuch vin- 
u dications and confirmations of the Proteftant doctrine, a- 
44 gainit which I fear no effectual oppofition. Mr Mar/hall 
i4 was a holy and retired perfon, and is oniy known to the 
*' molt of us by his book lately publifhed. The book is a deep, 
* k practical, well-jointed diicourie, and requires a more than 
44 ordinary attention in reading of it with profit. And, if it 
u Ue fingly ufed, I look upon it as one of the moft ufet'ut 
44 books the world hath ieen for many years. Its excellence 
44 is, that it leads the ferious reader directly to Jefus Chrid, 
** and cuts the Cinews and overturns the foundation of the 
** new divinity, by the fame argument of gofpel-liolinefs, by 
4i which many attempt to overturn the old. Ami, as it hath 
44 already had the feal of high approbation by many judicious 
44 minitters and Chriftians that have read it ; fo 1 fear not 
" but it will Aand firm as a rock againft all oppofition, and 
* will prove good feed, and food, and light to many here- 
" after." See above, vol. III. p. 389. and vol. IV. jp. 

. V, N 23. H h 



To be pafted at the beginning of a Bible. 

GOD hath fiven tts exacting great and precious promi/cs, that 
by the/ewe might be partakers of the divine nature. 2 Pet. 1.4. 


Jf. xxi*. 18. The eyes of the blind lhall lee oat of obfcurity. 
Jer. xxxi. 34. They (hall all know me, from the lead of them 

unto the greateft of them. 

John xiv. 26. The Holy Ghoft (hall teach you all things. 
If. Iviii. n. The LOUD (hall guide thee continually. 


If. xliii. 25. I am he that blotteth out thy tranfgreflions. 

If. i. 18. Sins as fcarlet mail be as white as fnow. 

i Pet. ii. 24. Who his own felf bare our fins, in his own body, 

on the tree. 
i John i. 7. The blood of JESUS CHRIST cleanfeth froqi all 



Jlom. viii. 33, 34. It is GOD that juiHfieth. 

Rom. iii. 2i, 22, 23, 24. Juftified freely by his grace. 

If. xlv. 24, 25. In the LORD haye I righteoufnefs. 

2. Cor. v. 2i. We are made the righteoufnefs of GOD in him s 


Ezek. xi. 19, 20. I will put a new fpirit within you. 

Tit. ii. 14. CHRIST gave hjmfelf for us, that he might redeem 

us from all iniquity. 
Heb viii. 10, n, 12, I will put my laws into their mind, and 

write them in their hearts. 

I ThefT. v. 23. The Goo of peace fanctify your whole fpi- 
rit, and foul ? and body. 




To be pafted at the end of a Bible. 


1 Tim. iv. 8. Godlinefs hath the promife of the life that now is* 

Pfal t xxxvii. 3. Verily thou flialt be fed. 

Matthi vi. 33. Seek firfl the kingdom of GOD, and all things 

(hall be added. 
i Tim. vi. 17. Who giveth us all things richly to enjoy. 


1 Cor. x. 13. GOD will not fuffer you to be tempted above that 

ye are able. 

2 Cor. kii. 9. My GRACE is fufficient for thee. 
Rom. vi. 14. Sin mail not have dominion over you. 

Luke xxii. 32. I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not. 


Job v. 17. Happy is the man whom GOD correfteth. 
L;im. iii. 32. Tho* he caufe grief, yet will he have companion* 
Pfal. 1. 15. Call upon me in trouble ; I will deliver thee. 
Rev. iii. 19. As many as I love, I rebuke and chaften. 


i Cor. xv. 55, 56, 57. GOD giveth us the viftory, through 

2, Cor. v. t. If our earthly houfe is diflblved, we have a build- 

ing of GOD. 

John iii. 16. Whofoever believeth, (hall have everlafting life. 
Pfal. xxiii. 4. Though I pafs through death, I will fear no evil. 


, "willing mire abundantly tojh:w unto the heirs of promife 
the Immutability of his counfel^ confirmed It by an oath. Heb. 
vi. 17. 

H h a A 


T O 


Late Matter of the Ceremonies at Bath * 

Seek the Lord while hf may be found, call upon him while 
he is near. If. Iv. 6. 

S I R, 

THIS comes from your fincere friend, and one 
that has your beft intercll deeply at heart : it 
comes on a defign altogether important, and of no 
lefs confcquence than your everlafling happincfs ; fb 
that it may juftly challenge your careful regard. It 
is not to upbraid or reproach, much leis to triumph 


* MrHervcy is fuppofed to have wrote this letter, when he 
wa* at Bath) in the year 1-43. It was found among Mr Na/Jj's 
papers after his death; and an rxftract of it was inferred in an 
account of hi 4 death, pubiiflied i'everal years ago. For ought 
appears, this man of plealVredefpifed the awful warning given 
him by the benevolent Mr Hetvcy, and died as he had lived., 

A LETTER, &c, 

and iufult over your mifcondudt : no ; it is pure be- 
nevolence, it is diiintercfted good-will prompts me 
to write ; fo that I hope I (hall not raife your refent- 
mcnt : however, be the ifTue what it will, I cannot 
bear to lee you walk in the paths that lead to death, 
without warning you of your danger ; without found- 
ing in your ears the awful admonition, " Keturn and 
" live : for why will you dia ?" 1 beg of you to 
confider whether you do not, in fome meafure, re- 
femble thole accurfed children of Eli; whom, tho* 
they were famous in their generation, and men of 
renown, yet vengeance fuffercd not to live. For my 
part, 1 may fafely ufe the export uht ion of the old 
prieft : " Why do you fuch things ? for I hear of 
44 your evil dealings by all this people : nay, my bro- 
" ther, for it is no good report I hear; you make the 
" Lord's people to tranfgrefs." I have long obferveel 
and pitied you ; and a nToft melancholy fpcclacle I 
lately beheld, made me reiblve to caution you, left 
you alfo come into the fame condemnation. 

I was, not long fince, called to vifit a poor gentle- 
man, ere while of the moft robuft body, and gayeft 
temper 1 ever knew : but when 1 villted him, Oh ! 
how was the glory departed from him ! I found him 
no more that Iprightly and vivacious fou of joy which 
he ufed to be ; but languishing, pining away, and 
withering under the chaltiiing hand of God ! his 
limbs feeble and trembling ; his countenance forlorn 
and ghaftly ; and the little breath he had left, fobb'd 
put in forrowful fighs 1 his body liaftcning apace to 
the dud, to lodge in the filent grave, the land of 
darknefs and defolation : his foul juft going to God 
v who gave it ; preparing itfelf to wing away to its 
long home ; to enter upon an unchangeable and eter- 
nal (late. When 1 was corne up into his chamb r, and 
had (bated myfelf on his bed, he firfl caft a molt wifli- 


246 A L E T T E R 

ful look upon me ; and then began, as well as he. was 
able, to fpeak: " Oh 1 that I had been wile; that I 
44 had known this ; that I had confidercd my latter 

u cud ! Ah I Mr H y, Death is knocking at my 

44 doors : in a few hours more 1 (hall draw my lalt 
44 g a ^P > an d tncn j'-'dgment, the tremendous judg- 
*' ment ! How (hall 1 appear, unprepared as 1 am, be- 
44 fore the all-knowing and omnipotent God ? how 
*' (hall 1 endure the day of his coming ?" When I 
mentioned, among many other things, that fir itt ho- 
lincfs, which he had formerly i'o (lightly efteemed ; he 
replied, with a halty eagernefs ; 4; Oh I that hulinejs 
44 is the only thing I now long for: I have not words 
" to tell you how highly 1 value it : I would gladly 
44 part with all my cflate, large as it is, or a world, to 
t4 obtain it : now my benighted eyes are enlightened ; 
" 1 clearly difcern the things that are excellent: what 
44 is there in the place whither I am going but God ? 
*' or, what is thereto be delired on earth but religion ?" 
But if this God mould reftore you to health, faid I, 
think you that you would alter your former courfe ? 
44 I call heaven and earth to witneis," faid he, <4 I 
* 4 would labour for holinefe, as I (hall foon labour for 
" life : as for riches and plcafures, and the applaufes 
44 of men, I account them as drois and dung ; no 
44 more to my happinefs than the feathers that lie oa 
44 the floor. Oh ! if the righteous Judge would try 
44 me once more ; if he would but reprieve and ipare 
44 me a little longer ; in what a fpirit would I fpend 
44 the remainder of my days ? 1 would Jtnow no 
44 other bufmefs ; aim at no other end than perfecting 
4 ' myielf in holinefs : whatever contributed to that ; 
44 every means of grace j every opportunity of Ipiri- 
44 tual improvement, fhotild be clearer to me than 
44 thoufands of gold and (liver. But alas ! why do I 
44 amufe myielf with fond imaginations ? The bed 
44 resolutions arc now infignih'cant, becaufe they are 
44 too late : the day, in which I fliould have worked, 

TO MR NASH. 247 

u is over and gone ; ar.d 1 fee a fad, horrible night 
<4 approaching, bringing with it the blacknefs of dark- 
" riefs for ever. Heretofore, (wo is me !) when God 
<c called, I refuftrd ; when he invited, 1 was one of 
*' them that made excuie : now, therefore, I receive 
" the reward of my deeds ; fear fulneis and trembling 
" are come upon me ; I fmart ; I am in fore anguifh 
4t already ; and yet this is but the beginning of for- 
tc rows 1 It doth not yet appear what I mail be ; 
** but iu re I fhall be ruined, undone, and dcflroyed 
*' with an everlafling defiruciion." 

This fad fcene I (aw with my eyes ; thefe words, 
and many more equally affecling, I heard with my 
ears ; and foon after attended the unhappy gentleman 
to his tomb. The poor breathlefs (keleton fpoke in 
fuch an accent, and with fo much earneftneis, that I 
could not eaiily forget him, or his words : and as I 
was muling upon this forrowful iubjecl, I remembered 
Mr No/hi 1 remembered you, Sir ; for I difcerned 
too near an agreement and correfpondence between 
yourfelf and the deceafed. They are like, faid 1, in 
their ways, and what fhall hinder them from being a- 
like in their end ? The courie of their actions was 
equally full of fin and folly ; and why (hould not the 
period of them be equally full of horror and diftrels ? 
1 am gricvoufly afraid for the iurvivor, left, as he 
lives the life, lo he mould die the ue-ith of this wretch- 
ed man, and his latter end fhould be like his. 

For this caufe, therefore, I take my pen, to advife 
to admonilh my to rcqueft of you to repent, 
while you have opportunity ; if haply you may find 
grace and forgivenefs : yet a moment, and you may 
die ; yet a little while, and you mujl die : and will you 
go down with infamy and defpair to the grave, rather 
than depart in peace, and with hopes full of immor- 
tality ? 


148 A L E T T E R 

But I muft tell you plainly, Sir, with the utmofl 
freedom, that your preicnt behaviour is not the way 
to reconcile yourfclf to God : you arc fo far from ma- 
king atonement to offended juftice, that you are ag- 
gravating the former account, and heaping wp an in- 
create of wrath agaiuft the day of wrath. For what 
fay the fcripturcs ? thole books, which, at the confum- 
mation of all things, the Ancient of days lhall open, 
and judge you by every jot and tittle therein ; what 
fay thefe facred volumes ? Why, they teftify and 
declare to every foul of man, 7 hat luhofoever liveth 
in plcafure is dead while he liveth : fo that, fo long 
as you roll on m a continued circle of fenfual dcligtits, 
and vain entertainments, you are dead to all the pur- 
pofes of piety and virtue : you arc as odious to God 
as a corrupt carcaie that lies putrefying in the church- 
yard : you are as far from doing your duty, or work- 
ing out your falvation, or refloring yourfelf to the di- 
vine favour, as a heap of dry bones nailed up in a 
coffin is from vigour and activity. Think, Sir, I con^ 
jure you, think upon this, if you have any inclina- 
tion to efcape the fire that never will be quenched. 
Would you be refcued from the fury and fierce anger 
ofalmighty God ? would you be delivered from weep- 
ing, and wailing, and incefTant gnafhing of teeth ? 
Sure you would ! Then I exhort you as a friend ; I 
befeech you as a brother ; I charge you as a meflcnger 
from the great God, in his own nioft folemn words : 
" Cafl away from you your tranfgremons ; make you 
4t a new heart, and a new ipirit ; fo iniquity (hall not 
" be your ruin. 

Perhaps you may be difpofed to contemn this, and 
its fcrious purport, or to recommend it to your com- 
panions as a fit fubjecl: for raillery : but let me tell 
you beforehand, that for this, as well as for other 
things, God will bring you into judgment : he fees 
me now write ; he will obfervc you while you read ; 


T o M R N A S H. 249 

lie notes down my words in his book ; he \vnk note 
down your confequent procedure : ib that not upon, 
me, but upon your own felf, will the negle&ing or 
defpifing my fay ings turn. " If thou be wife, thou 
" flialt be wife for thyfclf ; if thou fcorneft, thou 
*' alone flialt bear it." 

Be not concerned, Sir, to know my name ; it is 
enough that you will know this hereafter : tarry but 
a little, till the Lord, even the moft mighty God, fliall 
call the heaven from above, and the earth, that he 
may judge his people ; and then you will fee me 
face to face : there mail i be ready, at the dreadful 
tribunal, to joy and rejoice with you, if you regard 
my admonitions, and live ; or to bewhat God pre- 
vent, by inclining your heart to receive this friendly 

VOL. V. N 23. li RULES 


O F T H E 

Affembly for Chriftian Improvement *. 

God is greatly to be feared in the ajfemblies of his faints ; 
and to be had in reverence by all that are round <- 
bout him. Pial. Ixxxix. 7. 


THAT this afTembly confift of no more than 
ten or twelve at the utmoft, left an increaled 
number fhould produce confufion or diflenfions ; and 
that each member, in order to prevent any finifter 
reflections from the inconfiderate, or vitious, be cau- 
tious of mentioning to any others that he belongs to 
iuch "I* an aflembly. And that each member before 
he fcts out, and on his return, do ufe the forms of 

. t prayer, 

* Referred to in Mr Hervey's Life, p. xxxiii. vol. I. 

f- As this afTembiy met at different inns, public prayer would 
have alarmed thk attendants, and caufetl groi's mifreprefenta- 
tions. Belides, the real tlefign of this meeting was known on- 
ly to a few; and the injuncHo'ns of fecrecy was given to each 
member, in order to avoid the appearance of religious otlenta- 
tion, and in compliance with the apoltle's precaution, viz. 
Let not your good be evilfpoken of, Koni. xiv* 16. 

RULES, &c. 251 

prayer, which are fpecified in the MINUTES, and 
particularly adapted to this occafion. 


That no one (hall be admitted a member, who has 
not been propoied by the chairman at the preceding 
afTembly, or who ihall be difapproved of by any two 
members on a ballot, which fhall always be taken on 
fuch occafions, how unanimous foever the members 
may feem to be beforehand. 


That the members fhall be regiftered alphabetically 
in the MINUTES of the aflembly's proceedings, and 
that the chairman of the clay be appointed regularly, 
according to that lift ; fo that no mifunderftanding 
m-ay ariie about precedence ; arid that a treasurer be 
clefted annually, the firlt Tuejday in January. 


That the aflembly meet on the firft Tutfday in every 
month during the iummer-ieaibn, punctually at twelve 
o'clock ; and on the moon-light Tuejday^ during the 
wintcr-ieafon, exactly at ten, at iuch inn as (hall from 
time to time be agreed on by the majority ; and that 
dinner be ready preciicly at two in the iummer, and 
one in the winter, 


That as foon as tlic afTembly is met, the names of 
the prefent members (hall be entered in the MINUTES, 
and the forfeits (if there be any due) deposited in the 
charity- purfe, After which the chairman ihall inquire, 
if the prayers, as agreed upon by the affembly, and 
entered in their MINUTES, have been properly ufed by 
each member at his own home. Then the chairman 
mall, in a fhort charge, or exhortation, remind his 
aflbciates of the importance of iach a meeting, and 
enumerate the good elfefts, which the felecled chap- 
ters, if rightly improved, may produce, 

1 i 2 VI. 

K. U L E S o r THE 


The chairman mall then read the chapter in the Old 
Teftament in Engtijh, and fhall paufe at the end of 
every verfe, that any one who pleales may make fuch 
inquiries and reflexions, as may occafionally arife ; 
but that no two peribns ipeak at a time ; and if two- 
accidentally begin, the chairman fhall direct which is 
to go on. And that every member mall, againft the 
next meeting, fend to the chairman whatever obfer- 
vation of his on the chapter of the day the members 
then prefent had defired to have entered in their Ml- 
v u T ES : by which method, many ufeful observations 
tnay be preserved : And in cafe any verfe (hall not be 
cleared of its difficulties to the fatisfaction of the pre- 
fent members, the laid verfe (hall be re-confidered at 
the next meeting. 


At three o'clock precifely, during thefummer-fea- 
fon, (no more than an hour being allowed for dining,) 
the chairman (hall proceed in reading a chapter in 
Creek out of the New Teftament, to be commented on 
in like manner as that out of the Old. But in the 
winter-feafon, when the affembly meet at ten, the 
chapter both in the Old as well as the New Teftament 
fhall be read before dinner; and after dinner no other 
bufinefs, than that fpecified in the ninth article, fhal} 
be entered on. 


That the two chapters to be confidered by the affem- 
bly at their next meeting, be previoufly appointed be- 
fore the adjournment of every aflembly, either by the 
fucceeding chairman, if prefent, or in cafe of his ab- 
jfence, by the majority j of which chapters the abfent 
jncmbers fhall have timely notice fent them in writing. 


That at every meeting (as time permits) each mem- 
ber, in an alphabetical order, fhall be defired to give 



an account of fome religious author (which he has 
read in the preceding month) in as concife and fuccinct 
a manner as pofllble. 


That, at every meeting, half a crown mall be given 
by each member for charitable ufes ; and that, at the 
end of the year, the money lhall be expended in clo- 
thkig or educating fuch poor perfons or relieving 
fuch incurables, as the members in their alphabetical 
order fhall recommend to the afTembly. 


That every member who is abfent, though occa- 
fioned by the moft urgent bufincfs, or even indifpo- 
fition, (unlefs fuch indifpofition fhall continue longer 
than a month,) fhall pay half a crown towards the cha- 
rity-purfe, and one milling and fixpence towards the 
dinner, in the fame manner as if he had been prefent. 


That the afTembly break * up by feverr in the fum- 
mer, and by four in the winter ; and that each men>- 
ber, on his return home, ufe the form of prayer which 
is fpecified in our MINUTES, and peculiarly adapted 

to this occafion. 


WE whofe names are underwritten, have this day 
(being the ievcnth day of July 174?) iubfcribed our 
aflcnt to thcfe rules and orders, as witnefs our hands. 


* Some of the members lived five or fix miles from the place 
of meeting, which was always at public houfes, and as near 
the centre of each member's refidence as could be convenient- 
ly contrived. 

254 R U L* E S OF THE 

The FORM of PRAYER compofed by Mr 
JfcrveVy to be ufed by e&cli member before 
fetting out for the ASSEMBLY. 

Lord, thouhaftfaid, Where two or three are gathered 
together in thy name, there am I in the mid/} of them. 
Matth. xviii. 20. 

ALmighty and immortal God, Father of our Lord 
Jeius Chriit, and through him the God of all 
mercies, vouchfafe, we befeech thee, to look down 
upon us thy fmful fervants, who arc preparing to 
meet together in thy name, and with an humble de- 
lire to build up one another in our mod holy religion. 
Pardon all our iniquities through the blood of the 
everlafting covenant, and make us and our fervices 
accepted through the Beloved. O heavenly Father, 
unite us to one another by mutual love, and to thy 
bleffcd felf by faith unfeigned. Enlighten our minds 
with the knowledge of thy truth, and fan&ify our 
hearts by the power of thy grace. Direct our coun- 
fels, and profper all our endeavours, to the glory of 
thy divine Majefty, and the falvation of our own, and 
the fouls of others.- Grant this, mofl gracious God, 
through the precious death, and never-ceafing inter- 
ceffion of jcius Chrift our Lord. Amen ! 

The FORM of P R A Y E R compofed by Mr 
Hcr*vey, to be ufed by each member when re- 
turned from the ASSEMBLY. 

Lord, thou haft faid, If two of you fliall agree on 
earth, as touching any thing that ye /hall ajk, it foall 
be done for them of my Father -which is in heaven. 
Matth. xviii. 19. 


Lord God of our falvation, thou Giver of every 
good and perfect gift, we adore thy glorious 



name and beneficence, foe. the redemption of our fouls 
by Jefus Ghrill, and for all thy other unnumbered 
and undefervcd mercies. In a particular manner, we 
praife thy unipeakable goodnefs, for the valuable op- 
portunity we have this day enjoyed, of provoking 
one another to love, and to good works. Pity our 
infirmities, moft merciful Father, and pardon what- 
ever thou haft feen amils in the tenor of our conver- 
iation, or in the fpirit of our minds. Sanctify, we 
humbly befeecU thee, thy holy word, which we have 
heard. Command it to fink deep into our fouls, and 
to be a lively and lading principle of godlinefs in our 
hearts. O ! let us, by every fuch conference, grow 
in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Sa- 
viour Jefus Chrift : that, through thy infinitely -pre- 
cious favour, we may become ftedfaft in faith, joyful 
through hope, and rooted in charity ; and fo much 
the more, as we fee the day approaching. Ancl for- 
afmuch as we are now fcparated into a world, where 
wickednefs abounds, preferve us, O God, our defence, 
from the leafl infection, and from every appearance of 
evil. Infpire us with wii'dom, fo to order our con- 
verfation, that we may give no juft occafion of offence 
in any thing. Endue us with holinefs, that we may 
adorn the gofpel of God our Saviour in all things ; 
and animate us with fuch a. fleady and well tempered 
zeal, that neither, the ilothfulneis of our nature, nor 
the fear of the world may with- hold us from purfuing 
fuch couries, as may be conducive to the glory of thy 
blefled name, the advancement of time religion, and 
the ialvation of our immortal fouls. This, and what- 
focver elfe is needful for us, and for carrying on the 
work which thou haft given us to do, we humbly 
beg, for the lake of Jefus Chrift our only Mediator, 
and all- fufficient Redeemer. Amen. 



Rules * and orders of a religious fociety ^ confijling 
of two claffcSy viz. 

Of men into which no woninn can be admitted : 


Of married men, their wives, and other women ; in- 
to which no unmarried man can be admitted. 

Each clafs meets every ether week alternately* 

R -U L E I. 

AS the fole defign of this focicty is to promote 
real holinefs in heart and life, every member of 
it is to have this continually in view, trufting in the 
divine power, and gracious conduct of his Holy Spi- 
rit, through our Lord Jcfus Chrift, to excite, advance, 
and perfect all good in us. 


That in order to the being of one heart, and one 
mind, and to prevent all things which gender ftrifes ; 
as well as to remove alloccafion of offence from being 
taken againft this focicty, no perfon is to be admitted a 
member or allowed to continue fuch, who is a member 
of any other meeting, or follows any other preaching 
than that of the eftablifhed minirtry of the church of 
England. That none be members but fuch as attend 
the facrament every month, and that no perfon be at 


* As the plan and proceedings of this fociety, fo much 
commended by Mr Hfrvey, may probably be extenlively ufe- 
ful ; it is here printed from a private copy, by the particular 
define of feveral of Mr Hervey's friends ; and it is hoped the 
worthy director and members of the fociety at Trwro, will ex- 
cufe i he liberty here taken without their knowledge, when they 
c nfi ler the good effecls which may probably arife from this 
publication. See Mr Hcrvcy's letters, Jet. 132. vol. VI. 


any time introduced except by rcqueft of the director. 


That no perfon be admitted a member but upon the 
recommendation of the director, with the conient of 
the majority of members then prefent. And that the 
* director be the Reverend Mr IPalker. 

R U L E , IV. 

That the members of this focicty meet together 
one evening in a week at a convenient place, anil 
that they go home at nine o'clock. And that all 
matters of bufinefs be done before the fentences 


That every member give conftant attendance, and 
be prefent at the hour of meeting precifely. And 
that whoever abfents himfelf four meetings together, 
without giving a fatisfactory account to the director^ 
which (hall by him be communicated to the fociety^ 
fhall be looked upon as difaffected to the /bciety. 


That, to prevent confufion, no perfon be removed 
from this ibciety but by the director, who (hall be 
prefent on fuch occafions. That any member do be- 
forehand apply to the director, in cafe he judges fuch 
removal neceilary. That a diforderly f carriage, or a 


* This fociety is very happy in having fo accompllfhed a per- 
fon at their head. But where fuch a one cannot be had, per- 
haps it would be prudent to elect a dire&or annually, whofd 
office might be continued more or lek number of year.', as 
leemed bed for the general good. 

f By a diforderly carriage we mearu not only th? grofs 
commiliion of fcandalous fins, but a lib what are efteeuaed 
matters of little moment in the eyes of the world; fuch as a 
light ufe of the words, Lord, God, Jtfus,&.o.. inonlinary convcr- 
iation ; which we cannot but interpret as an evidence of want 
of God's prefence in the heart. The doing necdlefs buiinels 
<m the Lord's day. The frequenting alehoufes or taverns 
v;ithout neceifrry bufinefs. 

VOL. V. N 23. K k 


proud, contentious, difputing temper, (the greateft 
adverfary to Chrillutn love and peace,) be futficient 
ground for inch complaint and removal. 


That all the members, conftdering the fad confe- 
qnences of vanity and amufements over the nation, 
do, in charity to the fouls of others, as well as to a- 
void the clanger of fuch things themfelves, look up- 
on themfelvcs as obliged to ufe peculiar caution, with 
refpect to many of the ufual amufements, however 
innocent they may be, or be thought in themfelves ; 
fuch as cards, dancings, clubs for entertainment, 
playhoufcs, fports at feftivals and parifh-feafls, and, as 
much as m*y be, parifh -real Is themfelves ; left by 
joining herein they mould be ahindrance tothemfeives, 
or their neighbours. 


That, with the content of the director, the major 
part of the fociety have power to make a new order 
when need requires, but that the propofal for this 
purpofe be made by the director . And that any 
member may confult the director hereupon before the 
day of meeting. 


That perfons difpofed to become members of this 
fociety, muft firft be propofcd by the director, in 
order that the members of the fociety may oblerve 
their conduct for the fpace of three months before 


That every member do confider himfelf as peculiar- 
ly obliged to livs in an inofFentive and orderly manner, 
to the glory of God and the edifying his neighbours. 
That he fludy to advance in himfelf and others, 
humility, faith in our Lord Jefus Chrift, love to God, 
gofpcl- repentance, and new obedience ; wherein 


RErLiG.ious SOCIETY. 259 

Chriftian edification confifts. And that, in all his con- 
vcrfation hereupon, he flick clofe to the plain and 
obvious fenfe of the holy icripturcs, carefully avoid- 
ing all niceties and refinements upon them. 


That thefe orders fhall be read over at lead four 
times in the year by the director ; and that with iuch 
deliberation, that each member may have time to ex- 
amine himfelf by them. 


That the members of this fociety do meekly and 
humbly join together in the following offices of de- 

The office of devotion ufed weekly at the meet- 
ing of the fociety. 

The direttar fliall read theje fentences^ himfelf and every 
one (landing* 

GOD is greatly to be feared in the afTemblies of 
his faints, and to be had in reverence by all that 
are round about him. P/al. Ixxxix. 7. 

God is a righteous judge, flrong and patient, and 
God is provoked every day. PjaL vii. 12. 

God will bring every work into judgment, with c- 
very fecret thing, whether it be good, or whether it 
be evil. Ecc/ef. xii. 14. 

He that hideth his fins mail not profper ; but he 
that confefTeth and forfaketh them, fhall have mercy. 
Prov. xxv iii. 13. 

If any man finneth, we have an Advocate with the 
Father, Jefus Chrilt the righteous, and he is the 
propitiation for our fins. 1 'John ii. i, 2. 

O come let us worfhip, and fall down, and kneei 
before the Lord our Maker. PJal. xcv. y, 6. 

Kk 2 

26o RULES or A 

Then fh all be f aid, thefi three colletts, all kneeling : 
" Prevent us, O Lord," &c. 

<c BlelTed Lord, who halt caufed all holy fcrip- 
" tures," Crc. 

" O God, for as much as without thee," &c. 

Allfcatinvtliemfdves, a portion offcriptiirefliall be read. 
Then kneeling down^ they fliull join in this confefliun 

" Almighty God, Father of our Lord Jefus Chrift, 
-" Maker of all things, Judge of all men," &c. 

f c Our Father, which art," &c. 
j4fter -which the diretfor alone foall fay : 

" Almighty and everlafting God, who hateft no- 
" thing that thou haft made," <6'f. 

O moft holy and bJefled God ! the Creator, Gover- 
nor, and Judge of all ; who hateft falfehood and 
hypocrify, and wilt not accept the prayer of feigned 
lips ; b^t haft promilcd to fliew mercy to fuch as turn 
unto thee by true faith and repentance ; youchfafe, 
\ve pray thce, to create in ps clean and upright hearts, 
through an unfeigned faith in thy Son our Saviour. 
To us indeed belongeth fhame and confufion efface ; 
we are not worthy to lift np our eyes or our voice to- 
wards heaven ; our natures are depraved, and our 
ways have been perverfe before thee. O let not thy 
wrath rife againft us, left we be confumed in a mo- 
ment ; but let thy merciful bowels yearn over us, and 
vouchfafe to purify and pardon us, through thine all- 
iiifficient grace and mercy in our Lord Jefus Chrift : 
fmce it hath pleafed thee to offer him up as a facrifice 
for finners, vouchfafe, we befeech thee, to cleanfe us 
from all iniquity through his blood. We believe, that 
he is able to fave to the uttermoft thole that come un- 
to thee by him, and we do earneftly defire to embrace 
him as our Prince and Saviour ; O give us repentance 
remillion of fin through his name, All we like 


fiieep have gone aftray, every one in his own way ; 
good Lord, reduce us into thy fold through this great 
.Shepherd of fouls, and be pleaied to lay on him the 
iniquity of us all. And as we have much to be for- 
given, be pleaied to incline our hearts to love thee 
much, who forgiveft iniquity, tranfgreflion, and fin. 
Give us that faith, that worketh by love ; and fuch 
love as will conftrain us to have regard to all thy 
commandments. And make us to look carefully to 
all our ways, that we may never again do any thing, 
whereby thy holy name may be blafphemed, or thine 
authority defpifed. 

Give us the deepeft humility, without which we can 
never be accepted of thee; our infinitely condefcend- 
ing God, make us continually to tread in the fteps of 
our blefled Lord and Saviour Jefus Chrift ; being of 
a meek and quiet fpirit, always influenced by the 
higheft love of thee our God, and by the moft chari- 
table difpoiition towards all men. 

Vouchiafe to endue us with the faving knowledge 
of fpiritual things, that we may receive all thy truths 
in the love of them, in all patience, purity, juftice, 
temperance, godlinefs, and brotherly kindncfs ; that 
we may adorn our holy profefRon, and refcmble the 
divine goodnefs of thee our heavenly Father. And 
fince we are not only weak and frail, but corrupt and 
finful, vouchiafe, O Lord, to keep us by the power 
of thy Holy Spirit, that we fall not from our avowed 
liedfallnefs, in all Chriflian duty. Preierve us from 
all the lin and vanity to which our age, condition, and 
nature are prone, and to which the devil and this 
world may at any time tempt us. 

Glorify, good God, thy ftrength in our weaknefs, 
thy grace in our pollution, and thy mercy in our fal- 
vation. May our holy religion be grounded and fet- 
tled in our hearts, that, out of the good treafurc of a 
gracious heart, our fpcech may be lavoury, and our 
converfation exemplary ; that we may be fruitful in 


all good works, even to our old age, and to our laft 

. Fit us, we pray thee, for every ftate of life, into 
which thy providence fliall caft us ; profper our law- 
ful undertakings ; preicrvc us night and day, and pre- 
pare us for an hopeful death and a blefled eternity. 

Be pleafcd, we bcfeech thee, to bleis all thole ib- 
cieties, who in truth apply their hearts to thy fervice 
and glory ; we pray thee be pleafed to ftrengthen, 
eftablifh, and fettle both them and us, in thy holy 
faith, fear, and love. Let nothing in this world dif- 
couragc us from the purfuit of thofe holy purpofes, 
which thy Spirit hath at any time put into our hearts 
and minds. But make us all faithful to thee our 
avowed God and deiired portion, even unto death ; 
that we, at leaft, (with thy whole church,) may be 
partakers of that eternal life and perfect blifs which 
thou haft promifed through Jcius Chrift, thy only be- 
gotten Son, our Mediator and Redeemer. Amen. 

44 Almighty and ever-living God, who, by thy holy 
11 apoille, has taught us to make prayers," &c. 

Then all Jlanding up^ a pfabn JJiall be fun g, and * a 
fcrmon read, or a charge given by the direfior. j4f- 
ter 'which fame Juitable prayer fliall be ujcd as he 
foal I judge fit. 

Then all Jianding up, this exhortation to humility fliall 

be read. 

My brethren, flnce the great God has often allured 
us in his holy word, " that he will refift the proud, 
*' and give grace unto the humble," Jam. iv. 6. i Pet. 
v. 5. let us conlidcr, that ail our undertakings, though 
ever io good, will fail and come to nought, unlefs 
we be truly and deeply humble, Luke xiv. 1 1. Indeed 
it cannot be otherwife j becauie the proud perfon 


* The direftor, when abroad or indifpofed, is to appoint 
what ferinon fliall be read, and by whom. 


quits his reliance on God to reft in himfelf j which is 
to exchange a rock for a reed. 

Alas 1 what arc we, poor empty nothings ! Gen, 
xxxii. 10. Yea, what is worfe, we are condemned, 
perishing Tinners ! We have, perhaps, underftanding 
now ; but God can foon turn it into madnefs, Dan. 
iv. 42. We may have fome attainments in grace ; 
but fpiritual pride will wither all, and foon reduce us 
to a very profligate and wretched eftate, If. Ixvi. 2. 
iuch as we have feen others fall into who have begun 
in the Spirit, and ended in the flelh ! What have we, 
that we have not received ? i Cor. iv. 7. And even 
that, he who gave it rnay as foon take away. 

Ye that are young in years and younger in grace, 
I Tim. iii. 6. are in danger of felf- conceit, and of be- 
ing puffed up ; which is a quick fand, in which thou- 
fands have been (Wallowed up and perifhed. It is not 
in vain that the apoflle requires, " that young men 
4t be exhorted to be fober- minded," Tit. ii. 6. Prov. 
xvi. 1 8. which he clfewhcre explains, when he fays, 
41 Let no man think of himfelf more highly than he 
44 ought to think; but to think fobcrly," Rom. xii. 3. 
//. xiv. 12, 13. 

By pride the angels fell from heaven, i Tim. iii. . 
and if ever we climb up to thofe bleifcd feats from 
which they are fallen, it mud be by the gracious (teps 
of humility and lowlinefs of mind, Luke xviii. 14. 
44 Wherefore let him that thinketh he ftandeth, take 
44 heed left he fall," I Cor. x. 12. 4t Let us walk 
44 humbly with our God," and ever have lowly 
thoughts of our vile felves, Rom. xi. 20. and of our 
poor attainments, and of our defective performances: 
and with St Paul (who was nothing behind the very 
chiefdt apoftlcs) let us always fay, I am nothing, 
a Cor* 'xii. ii. 

Let us therefore now fing to the praife and glory 
of God, to whom alone praii'c is due. 


264 R U L E S o F 

A pfalm being fitngi the direflor fli 
44 It is very meet and right," &c. 

All Jliall join. 
" Therefore with angels and archangels," drr. 

The director alone. 
May the grace of our Lord Jefus Chrift," &c. Amen. 

Confederations laid before the members of the fociety ; 
being the fubftance of the fir Jl charge, or exhorta- 
tion^ Jpoke at its opening by the diretfor. 


YO U expect that I lay before you the defign of 
this fociety, and give you ibme cautions con- 
cerning it. The delign is threefold ; 1. To glorify 
God. 2. To be quickened and confirmed ourfelves. 
3. To render us more ufeful among our neighbours. 


As a fociety, we fliall be better able to glorify God ; 
for hereby we bear a more evident teftimony to the 
caufe of Chrift, and make a more avowed confellion 
of him and his words, in thelc evil days, than we 
could do when feparate. 

Every one of you defires that the kingdom of Jefus 
Chrift were more eltablifhed, and more honourable in 
the world than it is, and you join your hand, with 
others, to promote ib deiirable an end. 

Take thefe cautions for this purpofe : 

1. Look upon yourielf as one aflbciated with others 
in vindication of your Mailer's honour. 

2. Never be alhamed of him, or his doftrine, or of 
this fociety. 

3. Demean yourfelf to every one as his difciplc, by 
walking in humility, meeknefs, hcavenly-mindedncfs, 
charity after Chrift's example. 

4. Keep 


4. Keep yourfelf heedfully from all things which 
may difgrace your Mafter, and this fociety ; fuch as 
pride in a conceit of your knowledge or attainments, 
or that you are a member of this ibciety. Valuing 
yourfelf upon any distinction in ftation or wealth. 
Sinking into a worldly frame, or decliningfinto floth 
and idlenefs. Practiiiug the lead difhoncfty, or con- 
niving at the difhonefty of others. Making compli- 
ances to avoid lhame, or promote worldly intereft. 
Falling into lukewarmnefs, and forgetting your firit 
love. Slighting public ordinances. 

5. Often (efpecially before and after great trials) 
reflect, that you belong to a religious fociety for pro- 
moting the glory of Chrifl. 


The fecond defign of this fociety is, to be quicken- 
ed and confirmed ourfelves. For hereby we ihall be 
better able to maintain the war againft our enemies, 
(efpecially the world,) and to grow in grace ; feeing, 
by thisaflbciation, we have the Spirit to blefs our exer- 
cifcs ; (hall have the benefit of mutual advice * and 
reproof; (hall be more hardy to oppofe the tempta- 
tions befetting us in this wicked world ; (hall walk 
under a peculiar reftraint, as being members of a're- 
ligious fociety ; and fliall be affiited by the prayers, 
as of one another, fo of all good men in the whole 
Chriftian church. To this end, 

1. Watch over one another in love. 

2. Be willing to hear of your faults, and of the 

3. Be watchful againft any difguft to one another ; 
and if any arifes in you, without delay tell the party, 
and if th* avail not, tell the director. 

4. Defire the prayers one of another, and pray for 
one another. 

5-. Be 

* There is a moft ufeful little piece for thefe pnrpofcs, en- 
titled, Regulations and helps for promoting religious conversation 
among Chrijiians. 

VOL. V. N 23. L 1 

266 11 U L E S o F A 

5*. Be furc you reft not on your being a member <r 
this focicty ; ieeking continually to call off all de- 

6. Watch the lead decay of love to Chrift, or zeal 
for his honour and the p^ood of fouls. 

7. Coi^inu.continually upon your heart the obliga- 
tions you lie under as a member of a religious ibciety. 


The third defign of this fociety is, to render us 
more ufeful among our neighbours. Hereby we are 
more obfervable. People will not be io eafily quiet in 
their fins. Good examples carry a brighter and more 
convincing light, confounding the works of darkntik. 
To this end, 

1 . Be careful to fet a Chriftian example before the 

2. Think not to gain any by making compliances. 

3. Diicountenance all fuch things as you fee preju- 
dicial to others, fuch as taverns, alehoufes, gaming, 
and many fpot ts which are defiruc'tive to fouls. 

4. Shew all love to mens fouls and bodies. 

5*. Avoid all difputings which proceed from pride, 
and nurfe contention and variance. 

6. Don't be angry with thofc who blame this fociety, 
but meekly and filently bear with them. 

7. Don't in your heart defpife others, becaufe they 
are not members of this fociety ; 

8. Nor (hew any valuing of yourfelves becatofe you 
are. Never fpeak of yourfclf as a member, unlefs 
with a view of doing good to others. 


1. Real difciples do more than nominal profeffors. 

2. The Spirit, will ftrengthen antl comfort you. 

3. You will have the blefling of a quiet confcience. 

4. You 'are engaged in the moft honourable fervice. 

5. You will promote the intereft of your Matter. 

6. He 


6. He will acknowledge your labours in the clay of 
his appearing. j4men. So be it. 

A 7 . B. Whereas too many people are apt to mifre- 
preient every religious fociety as a methodiftical meet- 
ing ; it was judged necefTary to infert the following 
extract from the celebrated Mr D odd's late iermon : 
" The cry of Methodi/m is frequently raifed by fuch 
44 as are totally ignorant of the nature of the accufa- 
44 tion ; and many are iligmatized with the name, 
u who are perfectly innocent of the thing. The ob- 
" iervations I have made may poflibly lerve to fettle 
" the point in fome degree, or at leaft to flop the 
44 tongues of thoie who very unjuftly call the afper- 
44 (ion, where there is not the lead caufe : and it de- 
44 ferves, perhaps, to be con(i^)ered by all lerious and 
tc fincere Proteitants, whether the affixing the charge 
' of Methodijm, &c. &c. indifcriminately upon men 
u of unblameable lives, and irreproachable converfa- 
4 tion, may not tend greatly to prcjudiie our holy 
4 faith in general, and to bring a reproach upon Chrii- 
44 tianity itfclf, through the pretended offence of 
44 Mtthodifin: this may be a triumph to the Dcift and 
44 Papift equally pleah'ng. And, if fo, can we be too 
i4 accurate in our diminutions, or too cautious in our 
41 imputations ? Kemembering, that while we con- 
44 found Chrillianity and Methodifm, we are doing 
44 difcredit to ChrifHanity in the lame proportion as 
44 we are giving weight and dignity to Mfthodifm." 
See Mr Dodd's excellent iermon, entitled, Unity ttcom- 
mcnded^ preached before the religious focietics in and 
.-'bout London, at their annual meeting in the parifh- 
rhurch of Sf Mary-le-Bow^ on E after Mo nday 1759; 
to which is added, an Appendix, giving an account 
of the original deiign, general rules, and prefent fiate 
of the religious focietics. A farther account of which 
may be feen in a little piece wrote in Queen 
time, by the IXcv. Dr Jofiah Wovdward, entitled, 

L 1 2 account 


account of the rife and progrefs of the religious focicties 
in and about London^ and of their endeavours jar there- 
formation of manners. The fixth edition. In this lit- 
tle trad: the mod confidcrable objections againft reli- 
gious focieties are fully anlwered. 

HINTS concerning the means of promoting R E- 

L I G I o N in ourjeivcs or others *. 


BE always chearful as well as ferious, that you 
may win men to Chriftianity. And in every 
converfation introduce Tome religious hints, if it can 
be done with propriety. 


Avoid all controverfies ; no good can come from 
difputing ; but contend earneilly for the eflentials of 


Heal all divifions among lefts and parties to the ut- 
molt of your power. And prevail with thofe who are 
moll fiery ,to read Henry's excellent treatife on meeknefs. 


Tdk. familiarly to children about religion, as a de- 
lightful employment. Put eafy queftions to them, 
encouraging them occafionally by fome little prefents, 
and thus teaching them an amiable, chearful, gene- 
rous piety. 


Make it a conftant rule to pray for all who affront 
or injure you. Chrift enjoins us to pray for all who 
delpitefully ufe us. See Matth. v. 44. Disregard all 
opprobrious names. Chrift himfelf (as will every one 
who ftrives againft the corrupt prejudices and vices of 
imnkind) was abufed as a wine-bibber, and even a 
blafphemer, &c. 

* Referred to in Mr Hervey's life, p. xxxvi. vol. I, 



Be accnftomed to a regular, daily, but moderate 
courfe of devout retirement : and recommend inter- 
cefiion for others, both in the family and in private ; 
as likewife frequent attendance on the iacramcnt. 


Frequent public worftrip every day in the week, if 
your bufmeis permit, and if you live in a place where 
it is performed. 


Secret ejaculations too may be ufed as you are walk- 
ing, or riding, or in whatever company you may hap- 
pen to be ; and, on fame particular hour, remember 
(as for inftance, at morning, noon, afternoon, or 
evening, when your TOWN CLOCK ftrikes, which will 
be a loud and ne-ver- failing memorandum) to ietyour- 
fclf as in the prefence of God * for a few minutes. 


* This method is thus recommended by the late Bifhop of 
Durham (Dr Butler, in discharge to the clergy, 1751.) 44 Se- 
44 cret prayer, as exprefsiy as it is commanded by our Saviour, 
44 and as evidently as it is implied in the notion of piety, will 
44 yet 1 fear be grievoufly forgotten by the generality, till they 
44 can be brought to fix tor themlelves certain times of the day 
44 for it. Secret prayer comprehends not only devotions be- 
44 fore men begin, aud after they have ended the bufinefs of 
44 the day, but fuch allb as may be performed while they are 
44 employed in it, or even in company. 

44 And truly, if, beiides our more let devotions morning and 
44 evening, all of us would fix upon certain times o:~ the day, 
44 fo that the return of the hour mould remind us, to lay fhort, 
44 prayers, or exercife our thoughts in a way equivalent to 
44 this, perhaps there are few perfuiis in fo high and habitual 
44 a Hate of piety, as not to find the benefit of it. If it took 
44 up no moj e ihan a minute or two, or even lefs time than. 
44 that, it would ferve the end I am proposing: it would be 
44 a recollection THAT WE A HE IN THE DIVINK FKF.SENCE, 
44 and contribute to our being in t/:e fear cf the L'jrd all the 
44 day long. 

4i A duty of the like kind, and fcrvjng to the fame purpofr, 

44 is 



Ufc frequent meditation ; than which nothing can 
be more profitable: Nor can any thing fo much awa- 
ken and difpoie us for that, and for all that is good, 
as a flrong faith in providence, and a confUnt chcar- 
fulnefs * of fpirit. 


Entertain the higheft regard for the word of God, 
and furniih yourfclf with a few of the heft writers, 
but particularly with Henry on meekncjs^ and [farthing- 
ton on re/igdation. Study them thoroughly, and en- 
deavour to make their fentiments your own. Meek- 
nefs and refignation are the two principal duties of a 
Chriftian. Difperfe good books occasionally, if your 
circumltances will permit ; and be very careful in 
the choice of them, and in adapting them to the cir- 
cumftances of the peribn to whom they are given. 


" is tHe particular acknowledgment of God, when we are par- 
u taking of his bounty at our meals. The neglect of this is 
" faul to have been fcandalous to a proverb, in the Heathen * 
u world; but it is frequently and without (hame laid afide at 
" the tables of the higheft, and the loweft ranks among us." 
* In order to obtain a proper confidence in providence, and 
a fettled chearfulnefs of mind, the reader (efpecially the gloo- 
my and dilpirited) would be much aflifled by Bifhop Patrick's 
advice to a friend, which is a moil ineftiiaable little piece. It 
was fir(t wrote (as the preface tells us) to preferve a pious 
friend in peace and chearlulnels ; but if the advice be good, 
the more public it is made the better. It was contracted into a. 
little room, that it might be as ealy to carry in the mind, as 
in the pocket ; and is a nioft excellent guide to peace, chear- 
fulnefs, and whatsoever is graceful, amiable, and d durable in 
a Chriilian. They who are offended at the uncomfortablenefs 
of a religious life, never yet knew the true way of religion, 
into which this author will lead them. Her -ways (fays Solrj- 
?J?OH) are ways of pltafcntnefs, and all her paths ar: peace. 
See likewiie Htnry's Pleafontnefs of a religious life. 

* See C.faubon in Athenscum, lib. i. cap. ii. pag. 22. 



Encourage by your influence, and purfe too (if 
able.) ibcieties for promoting the gofpel, both at home 
and in foreign parts ; and, in order to be well ac- 
quainted with theie, read the celebrated Dr Ifood- 
Wrtrd's rije and fro^rejs of the religious jocieties in 
London and Weflminifler. 


Whenever you reprove, let it be tenderly, private- 
ly, and with all due ity. 

For the reformation of iwearing *, lying, flander- 
ing, Sabbath- breaking, paffionate f, or unchafte \ per- 


* Hints for the reformation of, or converfation with a 
f wearer. 

i. None fo ignorant as not to know 'tis a breach of the third 
commandment. 2. He who lives in the fear of God, is fo far 
from being capable of it, that it (hocks him to hear others of- 
fending this way. 3. We are taught by Chrift daily to pray, 
* 4 Hallowed be thy name." Angels praife it, and devils trem- 
ble ar it. 4. Chi \(\ enjoins us to fwear not at all. See Matth. 
v. 34. and alfo James v 12. 5. Give to a fwearer Dr JVood- 
'jjard\ kind caution toprofanefwearers,ort}'.e]att:'Biil}vpof Lon- 
don's (Dr. G ibfin*) admonition againft frophane and common 

-f Hints for the reformation of a poffionate mnn. 

i. Caufelefs and irmm derate anger, proceeds from a proud 
and haughty temper, arid is contrary to gofpel-meeknef* that 
mecknefs ad quiemcf* of fpirit, which, as St Pcttr allures us, 
i Pet. iii. 4. is of great price in the fight of God. 2. Chrilt 
bids us learn of him, who was lowly and meek, Matth. xi. 9. 
3. Every paflionate tongue is fet on fire by hell, ftejames 
iii. 6. 4. He who fays the Lord's prayer with an unforgiving 
temper, curfes himfelf. 5. No one has offended us fo often as 
we hvve offended God, therefore our anger fhould be againlt 
our own fins 6. Let all bitternefs(faytheapoftle,)and wrath, 
and anger be put away In patience poflefs ye ycur .uuls, 
Ijikc xxi. 19. No paffion in lu-aven, theieforeno paffion in a 
heavenly mind. Give to a paffionate man J/enry on mecknefs. 

jf. Hints for the reformation of an unchalte perfon. 

l. Contrary to the fcventh commandment of the great 



fons, you may write out (or keep by you fomc print- 
ed) hints on ilips of paper, againft either of thefe vi- 
ces, and place them in the wayof fuch perfons, either 
by putting them into their books, windows, or other 
places, provided you don't care to give them to the 
perfon yourfelf ; or they may be lent by the poft * 
from or to the metropolis. 


Make it a rule to have at leaf} on: religious fentencc 
in the letters you write to your relations or friends, 


God. 2. A fin which defiles the foul, and brings it under the 
dominion of the flelhly appetites. No fpiritual life in fuch a 
one, fee Rom. xiii. 6. 3. A partaker of other people's tins, 
making them partakers of yours, thus doubly guilty. 4. 
All adulterers, fornicators, and unclean perfons, are declared 
to have no inheritance in the kingdom of God, fee Cor. vi. 9. 
5. You are, a fervant of fin, and in bondage to the deepeft 
corruption. 6. If you fin in any of thefe ways, yon fin a- 
gainft your own body, and pollute the temple of the Holy 
Ghoft Being joined to an harlot, the Holy Spirit dwells not 
there. 7. We mufl glorify God both in body and fpirit, pre- 
fenting ourfelves a living facrifice, holy and acceptable unto 
God, fee Rom. xii. i. 8 Purity and chafh'ty required in the 
goipel ; even impure andluftful defires are there condemned, 
fee Matth. v. 28. Give to an unchalte perfon Jcnks's glorious 
viflory of chaftity^ or Dr Woodward's exhortation to chaftity. 
^7* Thefe hints may be very much improved, and are ex- 
traded (merely as fpecimens) from Mr Richards'* hints for rf- 
tigious converfation ; where likewife may be found fuch hints 
for converfation on molt other vices, as will affift per fons of 
weak memories who aredellrous of converling religioufly \vith 
the vitious, or reproving them, either by letter or perfonally, 

as opportunity may offer. 


* The following letter was fent by the poft to a Deift, and 
bad a very good effect. 


Though you difb^lieve Chriftianity, I cannot fuppofe that 
you d-fbelieve a future ftate of rewards and punifhments : 
pleafe therefore to take it into ferious conlidcration, whether 




when it can be conveniently introduced ; as fuch a fen- 
tence properly interwoven, often ftrikes a perfon ; and 
is productive of more real good, perhaps, than a la- 
boured difcourie from the pulpit, or formal advice at 


Guard people, as much as in you lyes, againft en- 
thufiat'ra, and cxceilive rigours, cither as to abflinence, 
retirement, or converfation ; and advife them to take 
all the comfort that the lltuation in which God has 
placed them will conveniently admit of; reminding 
them, at the fame time, to acknowledge him in all 
their ways, and to be dijcreetly * zealous for the ho- 
nour of Chrift. Kepofing an entire confidence in the 
wifdom, power, and goodncfs of God ; and alluring 
themftrlvcs of the extent of his Providence (of which 
we know not either the value or power) to all his 
creatures, and to all their actions. 


But, above all, write down the reafbhs which at any 
time make you afraid to die, and then endeavour, by 
faith, by prayer, and by converfation with experienced 
Chriflians, to remove the caufes j-^and thus be pro- 
perly preparing for death : And, if your time and 
capacity will admit, keep a Dl A R Y ; particularly note 
your fins of omilfion, and, by this method, you will 
ice your progrefs or declenfioh in religion. 


you think your aftions are ftich, as will, upon your own prin- 
ciples, (land the teft at the great day of account. 

As it highly becomes us to do what good we can while we 
live in this world; and as larn truly concerned for you, I take 
the liberty of giving this friendly hint} and hope you will re- 
ceive it as a proof, that the writer, though unknown, is 

Your very fincere well-wiflier 

A. Z,- 

* A certain zealot being warned againft injuring the cauffif 
of Chriit by his imprudencies, defpiied:hecaution,and allcdgedj 
that PRUDENCE was " at beft but a rafcally virtue/* 

VOL. V. N* 23. M m 

*^F* t ?-J**%t** ; * > x* *>5?* *^\ * * r *'^v* *?!** *^jf^ ***>** *^\* '^S* *yiT-* ^^if" *^sf* ^i- ^^r* 


MANY made righteous by the Obedience 
of ONE. 

TWO SERMONS, preached at BIDDE- 
FORD, DEVON, in the year 1743. 

With a PREFACE, by \ u G u s T u s To p LAD Y , A. B. 

Vicar of Broad Hemhury, Devon. 

To the READER, 

TH E following fermons have been judged too 
excellent to be fupprelTed. They were preach- 
ed, according to the beft information, at Biddeford^ 
in the year 1743. 

As to their authenticity, they carry in themfelves the 
ftrongefl internal evidences of their being genuine. 
Whoever reads them, will know who wrote them. 
u Celebrated writers," as this excellent author ob- 
ierves * eliewhere, u have a ftyle peculiar to them- 
" felves." This was eminently true of hiinlelf. His 
performances (Tome of his letters cxcepted, written in 
the younger part of life) are indeed as apples cf gold 
in pictures of filver : tranfmitting the mod precious 
truths, through the channel of the moft elegant, cor- 

* Meditations, vol. I. p. 261. note. 

T 6 T n E READER. 275 

reft expreflion ; and adorning the doctrines of G o D 
our SAVIOVR, with all the heightening graces of 
exquHite compolition. When Hervey's pencil gives 
the drapery, TRUTH is iiire never to iuffer, by ap- 
pearing in an ill dreis. His prole is, in general, more 
lovely and harmonious, more chaffcely refined, and 
more delicately beautiful, than half the real poems in 
the world. With Hcrvey in their hands, his delighted 
readers well nigh tind themfelves at a lofs, which they 
fhall moft admire j the iublimity and fweetnefs of the 
blefled truths he conveys, or the charming felicity of 
their conveyance. There is, if the term may be al- 
lowed, a fort of family -liken ejs, difcernable in all this 
author's pieces. You difcover the lively lignatures of 
the parent, in every one of his offspring. They not 
only carry the fupcricription of his name, but like- 
wife bear the image of his genius, and are himfelf at 
fecond-hand. Among others, the cnfuing perform- 
ance may be confldered as a traniparent medium, a 
fcreen of cryftal, through which the original writer 
is diftinclly feen, and known from every other : A 
circumftance, which, with me, has more convincing 
weight, than the cxtriniic atteftation of a thouiand 

The copy, from which thefe fermons are printed, 
was lately tranfmitted to me, for publication, by a 
moft valued friend, of Exeter. Ideem it a particular 
happincis, that fo choice a treafure mould pafs, through 
my unworthy hands, to the church of GOD* And I 
rejoice the rather, as I have, by this means, an op-' 
portunity of doing myfelf the honour to bear the 
moft open and public tcftimony to that grand, funda- 
mental, ineltimabledoftrine of aiinner's F u J.L, F R EE, 


1 mall not detain the evangelical reader from this feaft 

any longer, than juft to affure him, that neither my 

M m 2 excellent 

276 To T HE READER. 

excellent friend, who communicated the copy to me; 
nor my it-It", who communicate it to the work! ; pro- 
pole to ourfelves any fort of pecuniary advantage, 
from this publication ; nor will we accept of any, 
fhould the fale be ever fo great, 

Refpcct for the memory of that holy man of GOD 
who preached thefe iermons, and an hope of their be- 
ing made ufeful to fuch as read them, were the mo- 
tives which induced us to fend them abroad. One 
would wifh to gather up the very fragments that re- 
main of fo diftinguifhed a writer ; and that nothing fo 
apparently calculated for general benefit, might be loft. 

1 thought it necefTary to add two or three occafional 
rotes ; of whole propriety the reader will judge for 

July 8. 1769. 



^* 7hc tw following fermons -mould have fallen to be annexed 
to Mr Her v ey' s five fermons^ in the preceding fart of this 
volume, had they been fublifoed befcrc ihefejermons were 
frinted off. 

S E R- 


ROMANS V. 19. 

ty the QBE DIE NCE cf O N ILJhall M A N Y 
be made RIGHTEOUS. 

~nT the 'works of the laiv JJiall no man living be juf- 
tifitd, was, not long ago, the fubjecl: of a public 
difcourfe ; and, I hope, has frequently been the fub- 
jedl of our private coqlideration. O, that the im- 
portant truth may be writteo moll intelligibly upon 
our hearts, and beget in us a found humility, and an 
evangelical poverty of fpirit ! We then pulled up 
the wrong foundation, and, now, permit me to eftab- 
li(h the rig/it. We then warned you of \\itfandy 
foundation ; and, now, permit me to lead you to 
the Rock of ages ; where you may fafely repoie all 
your confidences, and build, wilh the utmoft iecurity, 
for a blifsful eternity. This is pointed out in the 
fcripture before us ; which, though concife. in its ex- 
preflions, is rich and copious in its meanings, and 
breathes the very fpirit of the gofpel. 

By the obedience ofo N E fliall MANY be made righ- 
teous. The ONE mentioned in the to.t, is the man 
CHRIST JESUS. The obedience fpoken of, includes 
both his active and pajfive obedience ; the labours of his 
life, and the agonies of his death : ail which he exer- 
cifed 2J\&Juffcrcd, in conformity to his Father's will, 
for the fake of fallen men ; that they, by MIS righ- 
teoufnefs, might be made righteous ; that, having 
thefe credentials, they may be admitted into the court 
pf 'iCaven, and, carrying this pafTport, may be admit- 
into the evcrlajling habitations. 



This doctrine I take to be the moft fwect and pre- 
cious part of our Chriftian faith ; that which gives 
the moft pure and undivided honour to God ; which 
yields the molt reviving and iblid comfort to thefinner ; 
and, in the moft endearing and effectual manner, pro- 
motes every intereft of holinefs. But inafmuch as it 
is little understood by ibme, entirely exploded by o- 
thers, and Jcarcc ever thought upon by more ; let us 
crave your impartial attention, while I clear up and 
confirm it : and not only crave your attention, bre- 
thren, but implore the renewing and enlightening 
influence of divine grace ; without which, I am a- 
\vare, my words will be unintelligible to ibme, and 
appear, perhaps, ridiculous to others : for the natural 
man dijcerneth not the things which are of the Spirit of 
God; on the contrary, they tire foolifhnejs unto him. 
Depending, therefore, on divine grace, let us ex- 

I. How the obedience of another can make us righ- 

II. Hovf fefficienf Chrift's obedience is for this pur- 

III. How worthy this method of becoming righteous 
is of all acceptation; and then, 

IV. Give fome few directions, that may difpofe us 
to rely on, and prepare us to receive the righteoufncls 
of Jeiiis Chrift. 

I. Let us examine how the obedience of another can 
make us righteous. This point may be proved and 

(l.) From the nature of afurefy. 

(2.) From Chrift's dying AS A SINNER for us. 

($.) From Adam's fin being IMPUTED to us. 

(i.) The doctrine, of our being made righteous 
th'rough the obedience of Chrift, may be proved and 
illuftrated from the nature ofafurefy; who is one that 



undertakes and engages for another. Let us fuppofe the 
parties were Paul and One/wins. Onejimus was Phile- 
mon'* flave. The flave dilbbeyed his mafter, ran away 
from him and his fervice ; not only deierted his fer- 
vice, but ftole his goods ; turned fugitive and thief A 
once. For the firft of thefe crimes he deferves ftripes 
and a road ; for the laft, death and the gallows. 5't 
Paul, meeting with Onejimus, learns the ftate of his 
condition : and, having been the means of his con- 
verlion to Chriftianity, by his preaching ; and of 
his reconciliation to God through Jefus Chrift ; offers 
to become his mediator with his offended m after. In 
order to execute which office more effectually, he puts 
himfetfin the criminal's Jiead; becomes aniVverabie 
for his villany, and takes upon him to make full repa- 
ration for the injuries he had done to his matter : If 
he hathwrongedthee ought, (fays the beneficent apoftle,) 
or owet/i thee ought, put that to my account; I Paul have 
'written it -with mine own hand I will repay it. By this 
means, the renegade flave is difcharged, and Paul the 
innocent apoftle becomes debtor. But how ? Not 
actually, but imputatively ; for neither Jias Onejithusre- 
paid, nor Paul ftolen ought ; but, by virtue of the un- 
dertaken furetyftiip, 0;/c//;7;j's debt lies upon Paul, and 
Paul's freedom turns to the acquittance of Ontjrmus. 
Thus it is in the matter of juftification. We had 
all finned in Adam ; forfeited the favour of God. In 
order to our reconcilement, God required zfuttfotis- 
fattion to his juftice, and a psrfett obedience tq his laws. 
Thefe we could not poflibly render in our own pcr- 
fons ; therefore Chrift gracioufly prefenled HIMSKLF, 
and undertook to perform both in our (lead. Upon 
MIL, fays the compaflionate Redeemer, upon ME, be 
their offences laid. -If they have tranfgreffed, let ven- 
geance make its demands on me ; 1 will repay to the 
very uttcrmoft farthing ; and forafmuch as, through 
the weakncfi of their mortal nature, they are not 
able to yield an exacl conformity to the divine laws, I 



am willing to fulfil all righteoujhefs in tUeir ftead and 
behalf. Lo ! I come to do thy will, O my God ! I do it, 
not for myfelf, but for them, that the merit of my 
obedience may redound to my people, and that they, 
through my righteouihefs, may be made righteous. 

(2.) The doctrine, of our being made righteous 

through Chrift, may be inferred from his dying as a 

firmer for us. 'Tis a very remarkable paflage, and full 

to our purpofe, where the apoltle declares, that the 

almighty Father made his Son, who knew no fin, to be 

fin for us that we might be made the rightconj'nefs of 

God i N H I M. 

How you may be affected at prefent with fuch a 
fcripture, brethren, I cannot determine : but if ever 
ypu come to the knowledge of yourjelve /, and the 
hainoufnefs of your fins, and the worthleflhels of your 
duties ; fuch a text will be iweeter to you than the ho- 
ney or the honey- comb to your taftc, and more re- 
frefliing than the richeft cordial to your fouls. 
However, from St Paul's declaration, we gather this 
precious truth, that we are made righteous before God, 
injttch a manner as CH R I s T was made afmner for us : 
not by any pei Tonal demerit ; for he had done no 
fin, neither was guile found in his mouth j but the 
Lord laid on HIM the iniquities of us all. 

In like manner, how are the greateft faints made righ- 
teous before God ? Not by any perfonal merit. They 
have done nothing that can deferve God's love, or 
that is worthy of a reward ; but God looks upon them 
as interefted in his dear Son's obedience, and ib re- 
wards them purely for their Saviour's lake. God vi- 
iited our fins upon HIM ; and God rewards his merits 
upon us ; God accounted our tranfgrellions to be his ; 
and, on this footing, he was punifhed as a malefactor ; 
and God eitecms his righteoufrieis as ours ; and, by 
virtue of this imputation, we are accepted as com- 

(3.) Once again, the doclrme, of our being made 



righteous through the obedience of Chrift, may re- 
ceive ftronger proofs and fuller illuftrations from A- 
dam's Jin being imputed unto us. This is an undoubted 
truth, written, as it were with a fun-beam, in almoit 
every page of fcripture. St Paul aflbres us, that in 
sldam all die. And, if fo, 'tis certain that in Adam 
all finned. Tell me now, how came that perfonal fin 
of Adam to be charged upon us ? how can his ha- 
ving eat the forbidden fruit, render us liable to death 
and damnation ? How, but by imputation ? Adam was a 
public perfon : he reprefented the whole race of man- 
kind : his act was imputed to his whole pofterity. 
Such a communion there is between Chrill and his e- 
lecT: : he, too, was a public perfon ; he was a reprefcn- 
tative of all his chofen ones ; and his obedience is 
looked upon as theirs. Thus believers are made righ- 
teous by the obedience of their everlafHng head Chrift 
Jefus, even as they were made tinners by the tranf- 
greflion of their mortal father, Adam ; becaufe of the 
analogy and fimilitude there is between his righteoui- 
nefs to juftify, and Adam's iniquity to condemn *. 


* Mr Hervey feems, here, to have had an eye to i Cor, 
xv. 22. For as in Adam all die ; even fo in CHRIST^^// all 
be mad: alive. The jra?if, or all affirmed by the apoftle to 
have died in Adam, are the lame irff, or <///, that lhall be 
made alive in Chrift ; namely, all the members of Chrift's my- 
flic body ; all that church, which he loved, and for which he 
gave himielf to death. There are two reaibns, in particular, 
which determine the meaning of the word //, in this paflage, 
to the tlcfl, and to them only. i. Throughout the whole con- 
text St Paul treats folely of the />/? refurreclion y the refur- 
reftion of the juft; the refurrec'tion to life eternal. He fays 
not one word in this chapter, c;)ncerning the refurreclion of 
the ungodly ; but confines himfelf fingly to that of true be- 
lievers. 2. He, in the very next vei li-, exprefsly points out 
the perfons of whofe refurreclion he here Ipcaks r thefe, he 
tells us, are c, x ?ir , thttfe that belong to Chrift, and aire his own 
peculiar property ; who were given to him, by rh,o Father, m 
the covenant of redemption; ar.d in whom he'.Jias a fpecul, 
inadcuifTible intereil. 

VOL. V. N 23. N n 


Let us now make a paufe, and review our attempt. 
We have endeavoured to. render the doftrine of the 
text Ibmcwhat clearer, by confidering the nature of 
njiirety, from CH R I s T 's being made Jin for us, and 
from the imputation of Adam* s offence to us. Butthefe, 
alas ! are points little known to the world. Corrupt 
nature is prejudifcd againft them ; and Satan is ftudi- 
ous to hide them from our eyes. Let us bcfeech the 
God and Fat her of our Lord JES u s CH RIST, to reveal 
the myftery ofgodlinejs in our hearts ; that we may be- 
lieve in JESUS CHRIST as the Son of God, and only 
Saviour of the world ; and that believing ive may 
have life, not through any fancied goodnefs of our 
own, but entirely through his name. 

II. Let i*s now jufb take notice, how fufficient 
CH RIST'S obedience is for the purpofe of justification. 
It is a moft incomparably-excellent obexlieioce : it ex- 
ceeds, not only the righteouihefs of innocent and up- 
right Adam, but the righteoufiiefs of angels, principa- 
lities, and powers. Extol this righteouihcfs as high as 
words can reach, or idea foar ! for it is the righteouf- 
nefs of incarnate Divinity ; wrought out by HIM, 
who was GOD and MAX in one CHRIST ; whofe divine 
nature gave an infinity both of efficacy, and of dig- 
nity, to all he did. To you that believe the Godhead 
of JES u s, his righteoufneis muft needs be inconceiva- 
bly precious : you will not, you cannot think it ftrange. 
that a whole world of believers mould be accepted thi o r 
it, and owe all their falvation to it. The prophet, in 
the moft exprefs terms, fets his feal to this truth, when 
he affirms, that//;? LORD, the fupreme and incompre- 
henfible JEHOVAH, is our right coufnejs : and who woukl 
forfake the everlafting ROCK, in order to lean on a 
bruifed reed? who would quit an illuflrious ROB E, for 
fcanty covering and filthy rags f St Paul accounted all 
things but lofs, in companion of his Saviour's righ- 
s. Yea, his own eminent holinefs, and tran- 



fcendent ufefulnefs, he regarded no more than drofs 
and duns;, that he might win CHRIST, and be found 
in H I M. This is the righteoufnels, whole influ- 
ences extend to the earlieft days, and will reach to 
the moil dillant ages. By //;// -the holy men of 
old enjoyed the favour of God : by this ALONE, 
the generations yet unborn will enter into their IVIa- 
iler's joy. In a word, this is the hope, the Jure and 
fole hope of all the ends of the e^rth, and of them thai 
remain in the broad Jea : for, in every nation under 
bcaven, and through all the revolutions of time, God 
is well pleafed with fmners, only in his beloved Son. 
Let me draw one remark from the whole, and I 
have done. Let me obfervc the difference between 
the /aw of NATURE, and the law of MOSES, and the 
law of FAITH. The law of nature -lays, * l Live up to 
u the duties of thy reajon and the conviction of thy own 
" mind; and thou flialt be f aft?' The law of Mofes 
faith, u Keep the commandments and execute all thejla- 
u tutes, and thy Jalv at ion /hall before" But FAITH 
faith, " Thou ncedeft not attempt thefe impojjibilities . 
" CHRIST hath done .both, hath done all in thy Jlead. 
'' He hath improved the light of nature -and fulfil Led the 
<c whole law of GOD ; and this in the capacity of t/iy 
u Surety." Go, then, to thy Redeemer ; lay hold o,n 
His righteoufnefs. Believe truly in CH R i s T JES u s, 
and what /;<rhath done (hall be accounted thine. Thy 
eternal felicity is ALREAD y procured. Thou haft no- 
thing .elfe to do, but to look upon it as thy certain 
portion, and unalienable inheritance, through Chrift ; 
and to live in humble and chearful expectation of that 
great day, when thy free title fhall be changed into 
a&ual poffeflion. And, in the mean time, love that 
divine Benefactor with all thy heart, and ftudy to 
pleafe him in all holy converfation and godlincis. 

N n 2 S E Rr 


ROMA N s V. 19. 

By the obedience ofO N E flail MANY be made 

IN the book of Job^ iv. 13, 17. we have a very a- 
vvakening lefTon of humiliation, moft admirably 
calculated to imprefs the thought, and to bring down 
the conceited mind. Eliphnz relates a vifion *. When 
midnight drevy her black curtains over the world, 
when darknefs and deep filence reigned through,, the 
whole univerfe ; in thefe folemn moments, a fpirit 
paiTcd before his face. Fearful nefs and aftonifliment 
feized the beholder ; his bones (hivered within him ; 
his flefh trembled all over him ; and the hairs of his 
head flood creel: with horror. In the midft of thefe 
tremendous circumflances, a voice broke forth from 
the fiery phantom : a voice, for its importance, worthy 
to be had in everlafting remembrance ; and, for its 
atufulnefs, enough to alarm a heart of ftone. It fpake 
to this effect, " SHALL MORTAL MAN BE JUST BE- 


OF His MAKER?" The words, thus translated, breathe 
a wonderful dignity of fentiment ; and lead our minds 
Into the moft exalted notions of GOD ALMIGHTY, im- 


'* See Mr HERVEY'S Contemplations on the Night, vol. I. p. 
304. In the prcfent fermon, the defcription ofEliphaz's vilion 
refembles the primary fketch, the naked, imperfect outlines of 
a mafterly picture: but, in the Contemplations (publifhed about: 
four years after this was preached) we behold the pifture corr>- 
pletely finiflieH ; and touched, I had almolt faid ? into the very 
perfection of grandeur and beauty, 


maculate, and inconceiveabie. C. t/.inly, they com- 
prife one of the mod powerful antidotes, againft the 
pride and haughtinefs natural to fallen man, that can 
poffibiy be imagined. They are a token, in thisfenfc, 
truly worthy of the awful Being who uttered them, 
and that air ofvaft importance with which they were 
introduced. Our tranflation finks the idea exceeding- 
ly. It tells us no more, than what all the world muft 
acknowledge at the very firft reflection ; and fo fcarce 
deferves to be ufhered in with i'o great folemnity. It 
leems alfo to oppofc what no one can deny, or have 
jniblence enough to maintain : for none, I fhould 
imagine, even Lucifer himfelf, could ever prefume to 
think himfelf more juft, more pure, than the ORIGINAL 
and STANDARD of all perfections. No: letaperfonbe 
eiteemed ever fo juft, in companion of his fellow-fin- 
uers ; let him be accounted moft eminently holy, by 
thofe that are polluted clay like himfelf: Yet, before 
infinite and uncreated purity, O ! let him be greatly 
abafed ; let him put his mouth in the duft, take (hame 
to himlelf, and cry out, Unclean I unclean ! Accord- 
ing to this tranfhtion of the words, you fee, the doc- 
trine of man's univerfal depravity is as ancient as the 
times of Job; and, that there is no poflibility of be~ 
ing juftified by any perfonal accomplifhments or ac- 
quirements, was exprefsly taught in thofe early ages. 
O ! that it may be as unfeigneclly believed in thefc 
latter days ! " But if this be the cafe," fays an in- 
quifitive hearer ; u if all men are become abomi- 
" nable ; if their bcfl deeds are ftained, and there are 
" none that are righteous before GOD, no notow?; 
tc how fliall they be accepted, when they are judged \" 
Why, by a method that lyes vaftly beyond the reach 
of human wifdom or device. By a method, that wasbut 
dimly * hinted at in the generations of old, but isclear- 

* That 5?, dimly hinted at, in romparifon of that more per- 
feft knowledge, which has been fince brought to light by the 
gofpel eminently fo called. See / h. iii. 5. 


iy revealed by the apoftlcs and preachers of the gof- 
pel ; even by the obedience of Jcius Chrill ; by a 
riohtcouihefs not wrought BY us, but imputed TO us. 
The nature of which imputation we have already il- 
luitrated, and (hewn the iiiihcicncy of our Redeemer's 
obedience for this purpoie.- Which two points being 

III. I am to Ihewyou how worthy of all acceptation 
this method of becoming righteous is. And that as 
it is perfectly confonant to the ancient prophecies ; as it 
gives the higheft glory to God; and as it yields the 
richeft conjoiation to man. 

1. This method of becoming righteous through the 
obedience of Chrift, is. perfectly confonant to the te- 
nor of ancient prophecies. In the patriarchal age, 
GOD prom i fed to Abraham, and renewed the gra- 
cious aflbrances to Jjaac^ u that in his feed all the 
*' nations of the earth Jhuuld be bleffcd." Now, what 
was this, but a difcover.y of this evangelical doc- 
trine ? 'Twas, indeed, fame what obfcure then : 
'tis clear as the day now. Thcjeedof Abraham, is 
doubt lefs our glorious Mediator^ who, in tne -uhiefs 
of time, took flefli, and was born of a deicenderit 
from Abraham. In HIM all the ele.c"t under heaven 
fliall be bleflcd. Obferve, not in thcmfelves, not for 
any excellency that is in them.; but IN HIM they 
fhall inherit all heavenly bleflings. He is the Alpha 
and Omega of our happinefs ; the beginning and the 
end, the caule and the confummation, of all our joy. 
He is the only fpring and fountain of all blefTedntis, 
as much as yonder fun is the only fountain of this 
light that now fhines around us. Every ray of light 
that falls upon our eyes, proceeds altogether from that 
bright luminary : we do nothing towards enkindling 
it ; we only uje its beams, and rejoice in its fplendor. 
So fallen man can do nothing towards procuring the 
favour of his almighty MAKER : .but can only, by 



faith InjEsusCHRisT, receive it, already procured ;; 
and teftify his gratitude for it, by a cheai ful obedi- 

In the prophet Ifaiah^ we find the following paf- 
fages. God the Father, fpeaking of his obedient and 
beloved Son, has this remarkable expreffion ; By his 
knowledge ftiall my righteous Jervant jufiify many. Here, 
infinite wifdom informs the whole world, how they 
mufl expect juftification, and final acceptance. 'Tis 
entirely through his dear SON, our divine MEDIATOR; 
his holy life, and propitiatory death, are the only procur- 
ing caufes of our forgivenefs, the only conditions of 
our ialvation ; and a true knowledge of him, a right 
belief in him, make the merit of both our own *. 

GOD lays not, he mail make them capable of recon- 
ciliation; he mall in part juftify ; he fhally?// tip their 
deficiency, and perfect what is wanting in their duties. 
No! but he (hall accomplijh the whole work; he fhall 
execute the great office without a. rival; without a 
partner, he will juftify the faithful, and not they them- 

2. This method of becoming righteous, through 
the obedience of Chrift, is worthy of all acceptation, 
becaufe it gives the higheft glory to God. Nothing can 
be fo effectually calculated to abaj'e the iinner, and ex- 

* From a f.iving knowledge of Chrift, and by faith in him, 
we arc manifeftativfly interested in what he lias done and fuf- 
fered. Our interefl in his righteoufnefs mufl, in the very na- 
ture of things, have been prior to ourfenft: of intereft in it s 
otlrerwife, all fenfe of it would he delutive, and converfanc 
with a non-entity. Faith is, as it were, the medium offpiritual 
vijion ; a divine liftht whereby we fee our intereft in ChrUt, 
which we cannot fee, till we believe with the faith that works 
by love. Faith is the <Aif^o, or conviflion of things not fecn 
before; and of juftification among the reft, Heb. xi. i. Bur, 
funrJy, the bleffings, of which faith is the conviction, had a 
real exigence before ever faith was acled : they are only un- 
fcen y till faith b given to difcern them by. 


tilt the Saviour, as THIS way of obtaining falvatiori. 
This will bring clown the lofty look of man : this will 
lay every affuming thought in the very duft, and leave 
the Lord alone glorious and exalted; Til I s thorough- 
ly fecures to God his great prerogative, and utterly 
excludes human boafting, and brings unminglcd ho- 
nour and glory to the Surety of men. Whereas, was 
life eternal the reward of their own works, there would 
be fome pretcnfion for ielf admiration. Men would 
arrogate ibrae of the merit to themfelves, and fay in 
their hearts, My power, find the might of my hands hath 
gotten me this -wealth. If they were to expect the blef- 
fing of the eternal ftate as -wages which they have earn- 
ed, O ! what a damp would this (trike on their thank- 
fulneis 1 hovr little would they //;?;; themfelves obliged, 
and, indeed, how little would they be obliged, to God 
their Saviour, on this footing ! But, when faints in 
light view their heavenly inheritance; when they fur- 
vey that great, exceeding great and eternal weight of 
glory, and remember that they did nothing todeierve 
all this ineffable felicity ; that, if it had not been pro- 
cured entirely by their dying and obedient Saviour, 
they had been everlaflingly banifhed from the realms 
of bleffedncfs ; O ! what pure and fervent gratitude 
mufl this infpire them with 1 what an emphafis and 
ardor, while they utter that devout acknowledgment, 
" Not, notuntous, O Lord! not 'unto us, but unto //zydear 
<c and adorable name be the praife ! We were enemies 
t( in our minds, and by our wicked works ; but thou haft 
" redeemedus unto God by thy blood: all our choiceft ac- 
u tions were polluted and unclean, but thou haft 
" worked out for us a perfect and everlafting righ- 
" teoufheis." 

Thus will adoration and love be given to the Lamb 
that was llain : every crown will be caft low before 
the throne, and wear this humbling motto, Not by 
'works of righteoujnefs which we have done, but accord- 
ing to his mercy he faired us, O ! the depths both of 



the wifdom andgoodnefs of God \ Goodnefs, in efta- 
blifhing fuch a method of falvation for us ; in all 
things ib well ordered and Hire ! ff^ifdom^ in cutting 
off all occafion of felf-glorying, and bringing man 
to the deepeft humiliation, even while it exalts him 
to the heaven of heavens ! 

3. This method of becoming righteous through the 
obedience of Chrift:, is worthy of all acceptation, be- 
caufe it admiuifters the richeft confolation to man ; it is 
an inexhauftible fpring of fatisfaftion and re*pofe. 

Lu T H E R, that renowned reformer, and greatcham- 
pion for the Proteftant caufe, when he broke away 
from the mifls of Popery, and began to underftand 
this moll noble peculiarity of Chriftianity, declared, that 
" the gate of Paradile feemed to fly open to his view : 
" that he had a glimpfe of its beauty, in contempla- 
" ting this facred truth ; andatafteof itsdelights,inbe- 
" lieving it : fo fvveet acompofure, and fuch a charming 
" tranquillity, did it diffufe thro* his mind.*' Nor do I 
wonder at his faying, " For, while we are ignorant of 
" this doctrine, there is nothing but horror and dread 
" around us." If we ftrike this text from our Bible, or 
this article from our creed, all is difmal and diitreffing. 
Turn which way you will, the profpc<ft is uncomfort- 
able. If we look to ourfelvfs, we (hall find mifery and 
guilt; if to GOD, nothing but indignation and difplea- 
iiire. But this brightens up the whole fcene. Let us 
obfervc, in the character of a feeble Chriftian 3 and of an 
awakened profligate, what glad tidings the gofpel is, by 
virtue of this doctrine ; andwhat a milerable comforter 
it would be without it. The language of \\\e former, 
in his private meditations, muft proceed in fome fuch 
manner as this : " Wherewithal fhall I come before 
" the mod high God ? Shall I offer him my pious 
" lerviccs ? Alas ! they are miferably deficient ; they 
" ifTue from a corrupt ftock, and cannot but be cor- 
u rupt flioots ; I have clone nothing that is worthy o 
" his acceptance, how then (hall I itand in his facred 
VOL. V, N 23. O o " prcfence ? 


lt prcfcnce ? I ftrive to be perfeft and entire, and 
" wanting nothing; but I feel myfelf to be poor and 
" indigent, and wretchedly defective. U ! whither 
tc (hall I go, but to him who is appointed for this 
44 very purpofc ? that the bones, which arc broken by 
44 mifery and guilt, may rejoice ; that the hands, 
tc which hang down, through lelf-condemnation and 
44 defpondency, may be lifted up. Thither then will 
44 I turn, frail and difpiritcd as I am, and call all my 
44 burthen upon the Lord Jcibs Clirift : in his un- 
" Ipotted rightcoufnefs, and in nothing elfe, can the 
44 fole of my foot find any reft.. When doubts arife, 
44 and fear, like a gloomy cloud, thickens around me, 
4t this Sun of righteouGieis fhall dillipate the gloom 
44 in all my pilgrimage ; this fhall be fny conftant 
44 fong ; in all my anxieties, this faall be my only 
" cordial : Why art thou caff doivn^ my foul, and 
44 uuhy art thoufu difquietcdwithin me ! ! put thy trujl 
u in Jefus Chrift I His merits, and not thine own 
u v/orks, are the horn of thy falvation : whefocver be- 
44 lieveth in him faall not be confounded" And as for 
the poor finner brought to a fenfe of his enormous 
crimes ; methinks, I hear him bewailing his condition, 
in fome fuch difconfolate manner : u O wretched man 
tc that I am ! how mall I attain the favour of God ? 
<c My fins are multiplied above number, and aggrava- 
tc ted beyond exprefllon. I cannot make any fatisfac- 
u tion for what is paft, much lefs can 1 win the di- 
" vine good-will for the future. I am polluted, root 
" and branch : what can I do ?" Truly, tinner, I 
know not what thou canft do, unlels thou comefb to 
Jefus Chrift : there is not a gleam of hope, or a 
jrrain of comfort, in all the univerfe befides. If 
thou lamented thy folly, and feeft thy undone ftate ; 
*with the Lord there is mercy, abundant mercy ; and 
with the Lord Jefus Chrift there is plenteous redemp- 
tion. If thou canft rely on C7*>//?, thy iniquities 
(hall be done away like a morning-cloud j if thou 

can (I 


canft believe in HIM, thy debts are cancelled through 
his blood ; and that which thou art unable to perform, 
he hath fulfilled for thce. See, how conibnant this 
doctrine is to the whole ieries of fcripture, and the 
voice of ancient prophecies ! See what an unmared 
revenue of glory and thankfgiving it brings unto the 
blefTed God : both fupporting the jteble Ghrijlian 
amidft all his infirmities, and opening a door of hope; 
to the a-wakened [inner, notwithftanding all his im- 
pieties ! Surely, then, this precious doclrine is worthy 
of all acceptation : furely we have reaibn to receive 
it with aJl imaginable thankfuinefs ! But, left it mould, 
after all, feem to us an idle tale, rather than glad 
tidings of great joy, let me, 

IV. Give fume directions that may difpofe us to rely 
on, and prepare us to receive, the righteoufnels of 
Jefus Chrift. 

//>//, Bring a child-like mind to the confideration of 
it. Lay afide proportions *, and meekly receive the 
ingrafted word with a teachable fimplicity. Let us fit 
at the feet of Jefus, and, like very little children, 
learn heavenly wifdom from, his gofpel. If we are 
conceited of our abilities, and lean to our own un- 
derftanding., God may puniih our pride, by leaving 


* " Lay afide proportions:" a miftake, perhaps, forprfpof- 
/t/fions. However, rhe ientence, as it ftands, conveys a very 
ufeful direction : " Lay afnie proportions ;" /'. e. Submit your 
wifdom to God's ; embrace 1m gracious method of falvation ; 
without arguing yonrfelf into needlefs doubts and perplexities. 
Mr HERVEY feems, here, to intimate, what another excel- 
lent divine has fince exprefied more clearly : 4 * Believe fiinply, 
*' with the meeknefv of a child, juft as you are told by Go, 
** without murmuring or difputing. Depend as abfokitely* 
44 day by day, on the teaching of Chril^, through his word 
44 and Spirit, for the knowlrdge of all things needful to lalva- 
44 tion, as any pupil, at an academy, depends on the inltruc- 
<* dons of an able and celebrated imfter." 

Mr VENN'S complete duly of man, p. 1^5. 
O p * 


us in the dark ; for he hides thefe things from the wife 
and prudent, and reveals them unto babes. You mull 
acknowledge your natural ignorance, and implore the 
teachings of his blcfled Spirit ; for this is his peculiar 
office, to convince the "world of right eou/nejs ; that is, tp 
convince the world of the fulnels of the Redeemer's 
righteoufnefs, of its unfearchable riches, and of its 
abfolute fufRciency to juftify his people. 

Secondly, If you would not be offended at this doc- 
trine, get a deep fenfc of your own n ^righteoufnefs . 
It is the want of this conviclion, that indiipoies men, 
for a reliance on Chritt ; fo long as they fancy them- 
ielves rich and increased in goods, they will never be 
concerned to feck the |/?;*<r gold of their Saviour's obe- 
dience. And, indeed, he camenot to call the righteous ; 
his gofpel is of fuch a nature, that the felf-jufliciary 
\vill difcern no comelineis in it : it will feed the 
hungry, and poor in/pirit, with good things ; but the 
rich, and thole that are righteous in their own eyes, it 
wilMend empty away. 

Labour, therefore, to fee your own vilcnefs : and 
then the merits of a Saviour will be precious. Be 
fenfible of your own nakednefs, and then the robe of 
a Redeemer's righteoufhefs will be prized indeed. 
Confider yourfelvcs as infolvent, wretched bankrupts, 
"who HAVE nothing, who can do nothing, that is ipi- 
ritually good ; and then the perfcclt obedience, the 
full fatisfaclion of ywur divine Surety, will be as health 
to your /bul, and as marrow to your bones. 

Thirdly, Pray for faith. 'Tis faith that unites * to 


* Serfihle union with Chrift, or aftual fellowfhip with him, 
in a way m c-vnfort, occafioning the foul's calm fun-Jkine, and 
the heart-felt joy, is, no doubt, a rffult of faith. But then, 
this is not fo properly union itfelf, as communinn flowing from 
an union rim fubfilted between Chritt and his church from 
before ail time; ,md of which union, that communion, whicK 
follows ii'.mn faith, is no more than the perception, difcovery, 
and enjoyment. 


Jefus Chrift. By faith you are implanted into him. 
Faith is the hand that lays hold on the Saviour's me- 
rits: By faith ye arejaved, fays the apoftle. This ap- 
pears, to the foul, the great J'alvation purchafed by our 
dear Redeemer : therefore befeechGod to beget in you 
this lovely and lively faith, whereby you may lay hold 
on Chrift:, cleave mod infeparably to Chrift, and, re- 
nouncing every other refuge, lay the whole ilrefs of 
your fouls folely on Chrift, as a fhipwreckcd mariner 
relinquifhes all his finking cargo, and clings only to 
the planks that may float him fafe to more. Seek this 
blefiing to yourfclves, brethren; and, if ever I forget 
to join my bed fupplications to yours, let my tongue 
cleave to the roof of my mouth. My heart's defire, and 
prayer to God, (hall always be, that you may believe to 
the faving of your fouls. And a holy converjation will 
be a fij^n unto you, that JO\\Y faith is real. A. life of 
fmcere holinejs can fpring from nothing but from this 
divine head, CH RIST JESUS. Bythisfliallallmenknoiu 
that ye are his difciples, if ye live by his Spirit, and 
walk as he walked. By this, likewife, your own con- 
fciences may be aflured, that God hath given you an 
intereft in his dear .Son, and fent him to blcls you; if 
he has turned you from your iniquities, and created you 
anew unto good works. 

Give me leave, at the clofe of all, to afk you with 
all fimplicity, Have you underftood thefe things ? do 
you believe this report ? or ain I as one that fpeak- 
eth a parable ? 

If any be of this opinion, I fhall addrefs them in the 
words of St Paul to the Galatians, and commit them 
to enlightening grace. The apoftle, inculcating this 
very point, and perluading them to this felt fame be- 
lief, fays, Brethren, be as 1 am, for I WAS as ye art *. 
Thus the words 1 would tranflate ; and then they are 
very pertinent to the purpofe, and applicable to you 
and me ; and when paraphrafed, will run thus : u I 

*' don't 

* Gal. iv. 12. 


u don't wonder, brethren, that yc arc prejudifed a- 
" gainfl this doctrine. I myfelf was ftrongly pollefled 
*' with fuch prejudices. I verily thought, that my 
" own righteoulhefs would, at leaft, bear a part in 
" procuring my acceptance with the eternal Majelty. 
u Determined I was, in fome meafure, to ftand on my 
44 own bottom: and advance my plea, for life everlaft- 
44 ing, from my own holy endeavours. But now 
" thefe arrogant resolutions and vain confidences arc 
*' dropt. I now difavow all Inch pretenlions. God 
" hath brought me to a founder mind. And, as yc 
<c have been partakers with me in my miftake, be 
<l partakers alfo of my righter judgment. 1 truft- 
" ed to I knew not what : but now I know in whom 
41 / have believed. I put myfelf, and the whole of 
'' my falvation, in my adored Immanuers hands j 
*' and doubt not of his fufficiency for my fccurity. 
*' Henceforward I fet my heart at reft, not becauie I 
<c have gone through fuch offices, or done inch du- 
*' ties ; but becaufe my Redeemer is mighty and me- 
<c ritorious. "Tis God, the incarnate God, that jujlifies 
" me ; who is he that fnall condemn me ? Never, never 
'* (hall my heart cry to divine juftice, Have patience 
* c "with me, and I will pay thee all : this were the lan- 
" guage of grofs ignorance, or great prefumption. But, 
<fc in all my temptations, in every difcouragement, 
" this fnall be my acknowledgment, this fball ftill be 
* l my earneft prayer, The righteoufnefs of thy obe- 
" dience, moft blefTed Jefus, is everlafting; O! grant 
c< me an interefl therein, and I Ihall live." Amen, 
Amen ; fo let it be, O Lord. 

*2> -O* * ** *** * *<* *2> <i <' *** ** ** *2* ** s3^ ** *** 

o - 


Written by Mr Hervey, from 1733 to 1758. 


TT has been already obferved, in the account of Mr Hervey's 
Life prefixed to vol. I. thai he frequently wrote religious 
letters to his acquaintance according to their different cireuin- 
(Lnces, in the moll amiable and convincing manner; and that 
he Itemed to make it altnoft an invariable rule, not to write a 
letter on any occafion, without at leait one pious fentence in 
it; and that not introduced in a forced and awkward man- 
ner, but interwoven ib as to Appear naturally to arile from 
tiu fubjeft *. 

The reafons for publishing this collection of Mr Hervey's 
letters, were the (trong folic'tations of ihofe, who knew ami 
valued the author and his writings; a detire of contributing 
ro the inleretb of religion, which was the great fcope of an 
his labours ; and a perluafion, that 1'uch a colk'clion would 
give a peculiar latisfacYion to every intelligent and pious |>er- 
IOQ : efpeciaHy as to be thus introduced to partake of the en- 
tertaining and inflruclive iutercouries of his fnc.;d'i;ip, ri 

* Vol. I. p xxxvii. xxxviii. 


poffibly be the means of encouraging others to G AND no 
LIKEWISE. Nor will it be, it is prelumed, necelfory to befper.k 
the candour of the reader, or deprecate the petulance of criti- 
cifm, whatever defeds or inaccuracies may be found in a work 
of this kind, not intended for, though well worthy of, the 
public eye. 

As the following letter to the editor is fo truly charac"terifti- 
.cal of Mr Hervey, 'tis to be hoped that it will not be altoge- 
ther unacceptable to the reader When writers like h:m, of 
dittinguilhed fuperiority, have gained our admiration and ap- 
plaufe, w,e are ford ot penAtating into their more retired a- 
partmems, and aiTociating wTth then) in the fequettered walks 
of privare life: for here thefe great geniufes appear in an un- 
drefs; the intrinfic excellence of their characters ihines out 
with genuine luftre; and although, as authors, their talents are 
beyond our imitation, yet the feveral milder graces and virtues 
of their more common and ordinary behaviour, are in foine 
meaiure attainable by every one. 

S I R, 

jTP WAS with no fmall fatisfaftion I faw an adrertifement 
*-. in the public papers, ddiring the correfpondents of the 
late Mr Htrvey to furn'fli the editor with fome of his letters 
for publication, and glad I am 'tis in my powef to fend you 
fo large a number ; fince in many of them will be found fuch 
traces of an upright heart, as no llranger can otherwife be 
made acquainted with. There will be feen the dcepeft humility. 
Kvwr unconfcious of his own fhining abilities, he was always 
defirous of improving by the meaneft in the church : in low- 
linels of mind he would prefer others to himfelf: he would 
frequently be the humble queritt, and make his friend the 
refpondent. There will be ieen the greatejt love to mankind; 
a love, which he has Wrongly txprefled on every occafion, 
not only in words, but in the moft important acls of benevo- 
lence, both temporal and fpiritual. There will be feen the nwft 
zealous^attachments to truth. He was extremely defirous that 
every fentiment of his fliould be fir icily examined; and where- 
ever he found any thing capable of the leaft improvement, he 
immediately acquiefced with the greate(t thar.kfulnefs. In a 
vord, there will be feen the utmojt fercnity of mind under the 
preffure of very grievous afflictions. As his joy was not of 
this world, no worldly calamities could take it from him, .no- 
thing could ruffle, nothing could difcompofe him. He was 
indeed, what his Maiter fays of the Baptiit, a burning and a 



fhinlng light; and as fuch as he was a guide for our feet. As a 
burning light, be warmed many by his example: he had re- 
ceived the grace of God in abundance ; which he had long 
and moft earneftly implored j and the ftuits of which, in his 
life and converfation, the world have feen, and his friends will 
teil with pieafnre. As zflining light, he inftructed many by 
bis doclrine. He was a molt Itrenuous aflertor of the free 
grace of God. He taught men to be rich in goad work?, 
without placing the leait dependence on them. Chnlt was all 
to him, and it was his ivkale bujincfs to publifh his Redeemer's 
rmfearchable richer. It wns St Paul's faithful faying, viz. 
Thar, *' Chritt Jelus canif into the iwtldtof.tvtjinnfrs;" and 
it was Mr Hfrvcy'b contain employment to bring finners to 
him empty-handed, ^ to buy wine and milk without money 
** and without price," 

He was al!o a molt flrenuous aflertor of evangelical holi- 
nefs. While he pub-iillied the free grace of God, he was Ib- 
licitous that none fhouki abufe it to licentioufnefs. Herein al- 
ib he imitated St Paul in another faithful faying, viz. That 
44 they -wkf) believe in God Ihould be careful to maintain good 
" works." 

Such was the friend I have lofl. God grant we may all ** be 
'* the foUc-jjcrs tf him, -who through faith and patience now in- 
44 htnts the fromif: j." He relts from his labours, and my 
correspondence with him is for ever at an end; but by the let- 
ters I here fend, he -will, though dead, yetfpf.ik, and fpread 
wide that valuable inltrudion, and thole ingenious remarks, 
which were originally defigned only for the private inlpeclion 
of, bir, your humble lew ant, &c. &c, 

P. S. Mr Hervry's zeal for his great MaQer, ami his eminent 
abilities to advance the interefh of religion, will, it is hoped, 
iecure the good opinion of the community, in behalf of the 
publication of his private letters and lift-; efppcially when it 1$ 
cofifidered, thru it was in ibme meafure nece'firy to be done; 
not only as they exhibit in their purport, competition, and 
various tendencies, a linking, amiable, and true picture of 
the ingenuity, learning, candour, and piety of this excel- 
lent man; but as his character Ins been injured by fome thro*' 
nulreprefentation: and as his writings have been cenfured by 
otners through mifapprehenfion : all fuch will now fee ho\v 
far Mr Herv-y is delerving of blame, or of applaufe; lince 
there is nothing that cxprefles a man's particular character 
irore fully, than his letters to his intimate irieuds. 

VOL. V. N y 23. P p IA 


In this edition care has been taken to arrange the letters in 
the lame order in which they were wrote, as tar as was prac- 
ticable. But there is no pollibility of doing it exactly, for this 
plain reafon, that in many letters written to thofe with whom 
ht kept a frequent correfpondence, Mr Hervey was accuftom- 
ed to expreis neither month nor year, but only to write Mon- 
day morning, Tuefday night, &c. ; and that ft* eval letters were 
tranfmitted to the editor, with thcdates as well asnames eraftd. 

There are a few things infer ted in this collection, fuch as 
the cottager's letter *, Mr Boyfc's -f, the letter to Dr T* x :, 
which were introduced, not only for the great propriety of 
fuch an introduction, but at the particular defire of lome of 
Mr Hervey 's friends, in order to fulfil his intentions, and ren- 
der him, though dead, as extenfively uteful as poffible. 

44 I would by all means," fays one of his mod judicious and 
favourite correspondents, " have that letter of mine, addrtlTed 
44 to Dr 2"**, printed in the collection ; as I think this may 
'* in foine meafure be fulfilling the will of my deceafed friend, 
44 who appears by his own letter || to me to have judged fome- 
44 thing of that nature highly necejfary ; and he would certain- 
44 ly have attempted it himlelf, as he declared, had not a cer- 
* 4 tain church-preferment brought him very unexpectedly into 
** a connection, which made fuch a publication at that junc- 
* 4 ture ineligible. Mr Hervey is now dead, and that reafon 
* 4 is no longer in force; and therefore now feems to me the 
44 fitted time for fuch purpofe. I wrote that letter to Dr 
44 2*** at Mr Nervcy's exprefs defire, and I gave him full 
* 4 power to make \vhat ufe of it he pleafed ; hoping, that, 
* 4 after correcting it to his mind, he would have lent it to 
44 Dr 2"** himfelf ; or elfe that he would have wrote in an- 
* 4 other /form (perhaps in an introduction to his faft-fermons) 
44 fomething far more valuable, extracting from my letter 
* 4 what belt anivvered his ends. But that not being done, the 
*' publication of my letter in this collection, immediately after 
44 what Mr hcrvey fays in his to me 4. about Dr 2"**'s fer- 
44 mon, may, with the fame divine bleffing, be of ufe ; and, 
* 4 though of little worth, yet, like the widow's mite, when it 
4 * was her ALL % it may be acceptable,- There are thoufands 
** of preachers who think in the fame way with Dr 2"**, and 
** very likely many of thefe may be the readers of Mr Hctvey\ 
** letters : and if fo;ne of them reflect and reform, the unjufl 

44 archer 

* Let. 83. f Annexed to let 166. t Let. i.<8 

\ Ltt. ij7. \ Tib fo printed as here dcfircd. bcc let. jjS. 


" anger cf the reft is very little to be regarded. Therefore, 
" upon the mod ferious confideration, it is my earned requeft, 
44 that the letter to Dr T** Ihould be printed jurt as I fent it 
".to Mr tfervey." 

It njuft be acknowledged, that feme of his firfi letters writ- 
ten from college when be was not more than twenty years of 
age, either fpeak a language different from free grace, for 
which we find he was afterwards lo powerful an advocate, or 
at theleaft they treat very confuiedly of it; and perhaps feme 
may lay, why then were they printed ? For thefe two plain rea- 
fons; that the reader may fee and know what early and ftrong 
imprellions he had of piety ! what love to GOD ! and to his fel- 
low-creatures ! Though we f>y not, that, like John Baptift) 
he was fanctified from his mother's womb, yet his very 
early labours for his Saviour, when too many others of his 
age and fending were captivated by their paffions, and fwal- 
lowed up by their lufts, prove to a demonftration, the dodrine 
he afterwards taught, viz. the power of redeeming love : they 
ihew how early the feeds of grace were fovvn in his heart ; and 
when they look forward, they may obferve from what fmall 
fparks of light and grace the Holy Spirit hath gradually taught 
him *, and led him, as it were by the hand, into the full and 
holy liberty of the children of GOD. When but twenty- one 
years of age, we find him afraid of, and flying from praiie, 
when others would be courting it ; for having wrote fome 
verfes to a relation which were greatly commended, he hear- 
tily withes -j- he had never wrote a line of poetry in his lifej 
and he wrote upon another occafion :}: exprefsly blaming a 
friend for prilling him ; and again ||, he fays, 4t You have paid 
* 4 me an obliging compliment; beg of the blefled GOD, dear 
" Sir, that 1 may not be puffed up with vain conceit of myfelf 
44 or my writings." 

From the reading of thefe familiar letters, which is in a 
manner listening to and hearing the thoughts of the writer, we 
may learn, that, by nature, "his heart was hard as the flint. 
44 and his hands tenacious even to avarice j" thofe are his 
words 4-. Yet (fee the power of that free grace, which 
living and dying he ador'd) he became a bright example of u- 
niverfal charity -H-. 

His, great humility and diffidence of his own judgment and 
learning, appear in many of his letters j in one, which is far 


If. liv. 13, John vi. 45- t Letter j. t Letter fa. 

i| Let 60. 4 Let. 33. -H- See his life, p. xxxiii. and let. ji, 60. &c. 
P p 2 

goo P H K FACE TO 

from being contemptible either for ftyle or argument, ha ei>- 
johu. his friend to return his letter immediately to him-, that it 
might never appear: yt his friend got the better of that ino- 
dcitv, and obtained leave to keep it ; to which is owing the 
publication of that now, which Mr Hsrvt-y^ at the tiuve of 
writing it, defired it might never lee the light *. 

Another mllance, and a (Irking one, we may meet with, 
let. 53. where, anfwering tlie objections of a lady to the mi- 
racle which Chritt wrought at the marriage of Can a in Galilee^ 
he lays, "' 1 have neither ftrength of mind nor folidity of judg- 
" ment, fuificient to conduct the procedure of an argument," 

As the love of Goo was (lied abroad in his heart; it pro- 
duced an ardent ddire to. promote the caule of CHR IST JESUS 
and of his. religion. And when he found himfelf bowed down 
witli the fpirit of weajuiefs and infirmity, he was apt to fear 
lett he Ihould the gofpcl in bus lariguiihing moments -f; 
lie earnetUy prayed to God, and deiired others to unite in the 
fame petition, that he might not thus dishonour the canfe of 
CHRIST. And his and their prayers were heard ; for not- 
Wlthfla ruling his lingering weaknefs and depreffed fpirits, which 
at length gave him up into the hands f death, yet he triumph- 
ed over his fear.-., he triumphed over the grand tempter and 
adverlary of fouls. 

His willingneis to have his writings corrected, by every judi- 
cious friend, and his thankfulnefs in receiving their criticifms, 
appear throughout all his letters written to his learned cone- 
fpondents; a fpccimen of it you may fee, let. 6i. 101. 181. 
His earned defire to prefer his friend's opinion to his own ; 
or, in other words, his humble opinion of his own judgment 
and powers in argumentation, makes him ever rtqueliing, 
44 Pray ufe freely the pruning- hook," drc. It may fcem a won- 
der, therefore, that he Ihould ever, under thefe discouraging 
thoughts < f himfelf, write at all, especially fo much as he has 
done ; confidering he was no more than five and forty when he 
died, and that the firft of his works was publilhed when he 
was thirty-three. Perhaps' ihe reader might be almoit tempt- 
ed to fufpeft, that his humility was affected, and that pride 
lurked under that fair garment : bin hypocrity dwelt not in 
him ; he wrote under all that weaknefs, and under all thole 
fears, becaufe he dared not be iilent; the caule of Goo and 
truth was publickly attacked ; the caufe of his Mailer was 


* Let. a4. t Let. 60. 


oppofed, and he, as a faithful watchman, was compelled, how- 
ever weak in body, however unequal he thought himfelf to the 
talk, he was compelled to cry aloud and (pare not ; and there- 
fore he wrote not from pride, or from avarice, but from coa- 
fcience, and a fenfe of duty; and this the intelligent and can- 
did reader will eafily perceive from many of his letters. 

At a time when infidelity and depravity prevailed, and when 
it was become almolt faihionable to (lander and fpeak evil of 
perfons, depredating another's reputation in order to raife 
or eltablUh our own; we find Mr Hcrvty making it a rule to 
Tingle out the bed things he had heard of his neighbour, and 
carefully avoiding even to hint any thing which might be the 
caule of propagating a rumour * to his detriment; or to difclole 
a iecret which might be injurious to him: thus careful was he 
to carry, into his own practice, the doctrine he taught, the re- 
ligion he profelFed ; and thus far was he from efpoufing either 
the principles or practices of Antinomians. Some of his pretend- 
ed friends of that (tamp, as well as his adverfaries, have taken 
much pains to make the world believe, that he in all things a- 
greed with them, that, if poflible, they might be thought not 
to differ from him ; but they will find it as impracticable to 
raile their reputation upon his, as it will be to reduce his cha- 
racter to a level with their own, fo lortg as his works (hall live 
to proclaim his principles, aod a friend (hall remain to declare 
his truly Lhriit'un practices, his holy lite and converfation. 

It cannot but be observed, that Mr Hervfy, in two of his 
letters *f-, has repeated the fame argument in pretty near the 
lame words; and perhaps this repetition may dilgu(t the deli- 
cate and curious reader, efpecialiy as it returns fo foon as with- 
in the compat's of thirty pages; but it is to be confulered, that, 
they were written at different times; the one to a clergyman 
at Bath in 1743, and the other for the fat isf action of a lady 
five years afterwards; and as the objections were the fame 
from both, Mr Hervfy had a right to return each of them the 
fame anfvier. 

I mult once more trefpafs on my reader's patience, as I can- 
not conclude without exprefling my hopes, that every perfon 
of candour and judgment will make the necetTary allowances 
for thole different (Kite-, both of bodv and mind, which one 
of Mr Hcruey's weak conllitution mult have undergone in the 
1'pace of five and twenty years, during which thefe letters 
wrote. A manii'eli inequality of judgment, of accuracy, ' 


* Let. j*. t Let. 17. & 53. 


and of ftyle in familiar letters wrote at fuch diftances, with 
more or lefs attention and care, according to the variety of cir- 
cumflances which occur, and without the leaft thought of their 
publication, will appear; nor can it be other wife expected in- 
deed from any one. Some of thegreateft geniufes of the age, 
luch as Pope and Swift, have made their apology in the fame 
cafe; and no one, lam lure, is morejudly entitled to the indul- 
gence of the public, than he vvhofe letters are here collected. 



Of the late Reverend 



To his S i s T E R. 
Lincoln-College, Oxon. Sept. 16. 1733. 

Dear Sifter^ 

WAS there any occafion to apologize for the 
ferious purport of this, it would be fufficient 
to direct you to the date, and the time of its in- 
diting ; but I promife myielf, -that to you any thing 
of this nature will be unnecefTary. For though we 
are in the very prime and fpring of our years, 
ftrongly difpofed to admire, and perfectly capaci- 
tated to relifh the gaieties of youth ; yet we have 
been inured to moderate the warmth of our ap- 
petites, accuftomed to anticipate in our minds the days 
of darknefs, and incefTantly difciplincd into a remem- 
brance of our Creator. For my part, I find no feafon 
fo proper to addrefs one of the principal fliarers of my 
heart, one of my neareft arid dcarefl relations, as that I 
have at prefent chofe and made ufe of, when either an 
univerfalfilencecompofesthe ibul, and calms every tur- 


bulcnt emotion, or the voice of joy and gladnefs fpeak- 
ing through celeilial mufic, invites to adore the won- 
ders of our Redeemer's love, touches upon the firings 
of the foftefl paflions, and infpires the mod i'weet, 
moil tender fentiments. 

As I was the other day traverfing the fields in queft 
of health, I obferved the meads to have loft that pro- 
fufion of fragrant odours which once perfumed the 
air, to be difrobed of that rich variety of curious dies, 
which furpaffed even Solomon in all his glory. Not 
a iingle flower appears to gladden the fight, to be- 
fpangle the ground, or enamel the barren landfcape. 
The clouds, that ere long diftilled in dews of honey, 
or poured themfelves forth in mowers of fatncis, now 
combine in torrents to overflow the lifelefs earth, to 
bury or fweep away all the faint footfteps of ancient 
beauty. The hills that were crowned with corn, the 
valleys that laughed and fung under loads of golden 
prain ; in a word, the whole face of nature, that fo 
lately rejoiced for the abundance of her plenty, is be- 
come bare, naked, and diiconiolate. As I was conti- 
nuing my walk, and muling on this joylefs fcene, me- 
thought the iudden change exhibited a lively picture of 
our frail and tranfitory Hate ; methought every object 
that occurred, feemed fileutiy to forewarn me of my 
own future condition. 

1 dwelt on theie confidera'ions till they fermented in 
my fancy, and worked themfelves out in iuch like ex- 
preflions. " What ! muft we undergo fo grievous an 
kt alteration ? we, whofe fprightly blood circulates in 
11 brifkeft tides ! we, who are the favourites of time, 
44 on whom youth, and health, and ftrength, flied 
t4 their felecleft influence ! we, who are fo apt to look 
" upon ourfclves as exempt from cares, or pains, or 
" troubles, and privileged to drink in the fweets of 
<c life without restraint, without alloy ! Muft we fore- 
*' go the funfhinc of our enjoyments for any thing 
11 refembling this melancholy gloom ! Muft the fpark- 

41 ifng 

Let. i. o F L E T T E R S. 305 

44 ling eye let in haggard dimnefs? the lovely features 
u and glowing cheeks be obicured by pale deformity ? 
u mud loft and gay deiires be banished from our 
4t breads, or mirth and jollity from our converiation ? 
4t mud the vigour of our age fall away like water 
4t tiiat runneth apace, and the bliisful minutes of the 
44 prime of our years vanifh like a dream ? If this 
k4 our cafe, in vain, fure, do we boaft our fliperior 
** felicity, in vain do we glory in being the darlings 
" of heaven. The inanimate creation droop indeed* 
* k iicken and languish, for a time; but quickly revive* 
11 rejoice, and again fliine forth in their brjghteft luilre : 
41 'tis true, they relinquifh, at the approach of win- 
44 ter, their verdant honours, but reft fully allured of 
44 receiving them with intered from the fuccecding 
4 ' ipring. But man, when he has paiFeci the autumn 
44 of his maturity, when he has once i eiigned him (elf in- 
44 to the cold embraces of age, bids a long, an eternal 
44 adieu to all that is entertaining, amiable, or en- 
41 dcaring; 110 plcaling expectations refrcfh his mind j 
44 not the lead dawnings of hope glimmer in to qua- 
44 lify the darkfome looking-for of death." 

I had not long indulged thcfe bitter relieclions, be- 
fore I eipied a remedy forthbfe lore evils which oc- 
calioncd them. Though I perceived all our pallionate 
delights to be vanity, and the Hfue of them vexation 
of ipirit ; yet 1 law like wile, that virtue was jlubftan- 
tia!, and her fruits joy and peace ; that though all 
things came to an end, the way?- of wii'dom were ex- 
ceeding broad, The feeds of piety^ if implanted in 
our tender breads, duly cheriLhed, and conftantly cul- 
tivated, will bud and bloflbni even in the winter of 
our days ; and when white and red (hall be ho more, 
when all the outward embcllilhmcnts of our little fa- 
bric (hall difappcar, this will (Hll ftourifh in immortal 
bloom. To walk humbly with our God, dutifully 
with our parents, and charitably with all, will be an 
inexhaiidible iburce of ncver-ccaling comforts 

\ UL. V. N 24. (.1^ 

3 o6 A COLLECT ION Let. a. 

though we fhall fometimes be unable to hear the voice 
of linging tnen and fmging women ; though all the 
fenics prove fa lie to their trull, ami refute lo be any 
longer inlets of pleailire ; 'tis now, dear iiilrr, r tis 
now in our power to make fuch happy proviiions, as 
even then, in thole forlorn circnmftances, may charm 
our memories with ravifliing rccolle&ions, and regale 
all our faculties with the continual feail of an applaud- 
ing confcience. What fweet complacency, what un- 
fpeakable iatisfaclion fhall we reap from the contem- 
plations of an uninterrupted ieries of ipotlefs adlions! 
No prcfent uneafmefles will prompt us impatiently to 
wifli for diflblution, nor anxious fears for futurity 
make us immoderately dread the impending llrokc ; 
all will be calm, eafy, and ferene; all will be foothed 
by this precious, this invaluable thought, that by 
reafon of the meeknels, the innocence, the purity, 
and other ChrifKan graces which adorne-d the ieveral 
ftages of our progreis through the world, our names 
and our aflies will be embalmed, the chambers of our 
tomb confecrated into a paradifc of reft, and our fouls, 
white as our locks, by an eaiy tranfition, become an- 
gels of light. I am, with love to my brother, 

Dear fitter, 
Your molt affectionate brother, 


To his SISTER. 

Dear Sifter, Lincoln College^ Oxon. Mar. 28. 1734. 

IT is now a considerable time fince I enjoyed the 
true and real pleaiure of your company. I fay 
true and real, becaufe my fancy has often took its 
flight to Hardingjlun, and delighted itielf with the ima- 
ginary converiation of you and my other dear rela- 
tions ; 

Let. 2. OF LETTERS. 307 

tions ; I have frequently recollected, and as it were 
atfted over again in my mind, the many pleafmg hours 
we have fpent together in reading holy and edifying 
books, or difcourfing on pious and ufeful iubjecls. And 
mcthinksl iliould have been exceeding glad to have had 
the fatisfadlion yet more improved, by receiving a let- 
ter from you ; which I am ilire would have been full 
of the moft tender endearments of love and affection, 
and I hope would not have wanted expreffions of true 
religion and virtue ; and could 1 but once fee that, 
could 1 but obferve ourfelves not only dwelling to- 
gether in unity, but travelling hand in hand towards 
the heavenly Jeriiialem, mutually encouraging and 
ailifting one another to fight the good fight, to lay 
hold on eternal life, then fhould I greatly rejoice, then 
Ihould I begin to live. 

I hope I may now congratulate your perfect reco- 
very ; however I am certain there is great reafon for 
congratulation on account of your being fo choice a 
favourite of heaven as your frequent fickncffes, and 
often infirmities fpenk you to be. Our gracious Fa- 
ther, though an indulgent lover of all mankind, ieems 
to watch over you with more than ordinary care and 
concern, to be extremely defirous, nay, even folicitous 
for your falvation. How does his goodnefs endeavour, 
by the repeated, though lighted ftrokes of his rod, to 
cure whatever is difordcred, to rectify whatever is a- 
miis in you ? How ftudioufly does he feek, by laying 
you on a fick-bed, to make you fee yourfelf and all 
things elie in a true and proper light : to point out to 
you your frailties and follies, your darling lulls, and 
the fins that do moft eafily be let you ; to convince you 
that you are only a ibjourner here upon earth, your 
body a poor frail and corruptible houie of clay, your 
foul a bright, glorious, and immortal being, that ir. 
haflening to the fruition of God, and fo maniions of 
eternal reft ; to difcovcr to you the vanity, mcanncfs, 
and contemptible littlcncfs of this world, and the 


g<>8 A COLLECTION Let. 2. 

worth, the importance, and amazing greatnefs of the 
next. Do not hold out againft theie kind calls to 
repentance and amendment ; do not refill llich earneit 
importunities, fuch iweet iolicitations. But iuft'er 
vourlelf, by this loving correction, to be made great ; 
great in humility, holinels, and happinefs. Humble 
yourielf under the mighty hand of God ; and by a 
hearty ibrrow for your pail faults, and a firm refolu- 
tion of obedience for the future, let this fatherly 
thaftiiement bring forth in you the peaceable fruits of 
righteouiuefs. Oh 1 let us dread, let us tremble, to 
reject any longer the tenders of grace, left \ve awake 
at length his juiticc, and draw down vengeance upon 
ourlclves ; leit our viiitation be not in love and with 
kindnefs, but in heavy difpleaiure and with fury 
poured out ; left his next diipenfation be not a mer- 
ciful feverity, but indignation and wrath, tribulation 
and anguifli. 

Sure I can't but admire that adorable wifdom which 
has contrived all things fo evidently and ib directly to 
your advantage ! Your late illneis has, I doubt not, be- 
got in you ferious thoughts and holy difpofitions, and 
thefe I flatter myfelf will be noui ifhed by the reception 
of the blefTed facrament the following Eafler. Let 
us, dear fifter, break off our finr. by repentance ; let 
ns amend our lives, and begin from this very inftant 
to deny all ungodlinels and worldly lufts, and Jive fo- 
berly, righteoudy, and godly in the prefent world. 
So mall we anfwerthe good ends of our ficknels ; io 
iliall we be meet partakers of thofe holy myfteries 
here, and enjoy an inheritance amongft the Taints in 
light hereafter. And now I can't but acquaint yon, 
how earneftly I wifhed that you and others of my 
neighbours (with whom I have difcourfed upon this 
fubjeft) were giving devout attendance to the prayers 
and praifes that were offered up laft Monday in your 
church, as likewife how I fliould rejoice with exceed- 
ing great ]oy, to hear that both you and they continue 

flcdfaft s 

Let. 3. OP LETTERS. 309 

ftedfaft, or rather '.bound more and more in the prac- 
tice of this and fuch other religious duties. And if 
you think the defire of my heart, and the longings 
of my foul are of any weight with any of them, pray 
let them know how 1 hope, dcfire, and pray, that we 
may be worthy communicants, by an immediate for- 
faking of all wicked ways, and a thorough amendment, 
as well as an unfhaken refolution to perfevere and ad- 
vance in that amendment. 

My kind refpefts to all that you (hall fliew or read 
this letter to ; defire them not to forget me in their 
prayers : let ** and ** know that I often think of 
them, and hope they fometimes remember me, and 
the words that I have often ipoke to them. I am, &c. 



Dear Sifter, Lincoln College, Oxon. May 2. 1/34. 

Finding myfelf in a writing humour, and remem- 
bering that I had formerly promifed you an en- 
tertaining prefent, and being ienfible of the decency 
of introducing it with an epiflle ; upon theie accounts 
I again let pen to paper, and addrefs you, notwith- 
ftanding you have fo very lately received a letter from 
me. By an ufefully- entertaining prefent, I mean fuch 
an orj as will improve and edify, at the fame time that 
it diverts and delights ; as will not only make you 
enfv to yourfelf and agreeable to others, but alio good, 
and holy, and wife unto falvation. Now I fearer know 
any human compofiticn more likely to promote thcfc 
excellent purposes than this poem on the laft cay *. 
For being in verfe, and let off with all the graces of 
fpeech and thought, it can't fail of charming as well 
Jlje nice car as the found judgment ; and as for the 

* By Dr Young. 

gio A COLLECTION Let. 3. 

, Cure nothing can be more prodigiouflypleafing, 
than to read of that hnppy time which (hall be the 
beginning of a blifsful eternity ; when our Redeemer, 
by his mighty power, lhall change our vile bodies, that 
they may be like unto his glorious body, and tranflate 
us from a ftatc of corruption in the grave, to fhinc 
forth as the fun in the kingdom of our Father. And 
every one mufl own, that the moft engaging perfua- 
flons to piety and holineis of converfation are drawn 
from the recompenfc of a future invaluable reward ; 
and that the rood ibvereign prefci vative againft all 
ungodlincfs and v/orldly luits, is the terrors, the infup- 
portable terrors of the Lord. If therefore you would 
pleafe yourfclf, refine your tafte, or have the practice 
of religion pleafing, inftead of plays, ballads, and o- 
ther corrupt writings, read this almoft divine piece of 
poetry ; read it (as I have done) over and over, think 
upon it, endeavour to digcft it thoroughly, and even to 
get by heart the inoft moving paifages, and then I truf\ 
you will find it anlwer the ends 1 purpofe in fending it. 
You will excuie me from exerciling my poetical 
talent, fince there are already two copies of recom- 
mendatory v cries, and becauie I perceive iiich an at- 
tempt will be cither very abfurd or very dangerous. 
For fhould I tack together a few doggrel rhymes, this 
would be an affront to you ; whereas, (hould I fucceed 
fo well as to gain the applaufe of my readers, this I 
am {lire would portend very great harm, if not to 
you, yrt moft certainly to me. For what can portend 
greater harm than the words of praife ; which, though 
fmoother than oil, yet be they very fvvords ? What 
can be more deftruclive of that humble mind which 
was in Chrift Jciiis, that meek and lowly fpirit which 
is in the fight of God of great price ! I am fo far 
ifrom carrying on my verifying defigns, that I heartily 
with I had never conceived any ; that thole lines I lent 
to my coufin ***** had either never been made, or 
that I had never heard them cpinmended. Pride and 


Let. 3. o F L E T T E R S. 311 

vanity arc foolifli and unreafonable in duft ind afhes, 
and, which is worfe, odious and detectable before infi- 
nite perfection and infinite power. O ! let you and 
1 then dread whatever may adminitter fewel to thefe 
word of tempers, more than the poifon of afps, or 
the peftilence that walketh in darknefs. Let us pray 
againft feeking, defiring, or taking pleafure in the 
honour that cometh of men. And if at any time the 
flattering tongue, that fnare of death, fhall overtake 
us, let us inltantly fly unto our Saviour, and com- 
plain unto our God ; then let us remember ; and re- 
membering, let us acknowledge, that we are nothing, 
have nothing, and deierve nothing but (hame and con- 
tempt, but mifery arid punifhment. 

I hope you was fo happy as to receive the holy fa- 
crament this Eajler ; and I beg of you to be fo wife as 
well to understand and often to coniidcr what you 
then did. We gave up ourfelves, our fouls and bodies, 
to be a reaibnable, holy, and lively facrifice to God : 
fo that we muft look upon ourfelves as having now no 
longer any right or title to ourfelves, but as our hea- 
venly Matter's fole property ; we may not follow our 
own, but mutt do his will in all things. We under- 
took to lead a new life, to follow the commandments 
of God, and to walk henceforth in his holy ways; 
and this and whatever elfc we promifed at that facred 
altar, we mutt endeavour to perform, if we hope to 
enter into heaven. Let therefore no day pals without 
reflecting on the folemn engagement we have made, 
and without examining whether we have acted up to 
it. Let us not imagine that we did the whole of our 
duty, when we took the confecrated elements into 
our mouths ; but be convinced, that we only ns it were 
litted ouffclves afredi under our Captain's banner, and 
that the fervice, the fight againft his and -our enemies, 
is to be hourly renewed, and conlbntly maintained 
ever? unto death. I am, 6-r. 

JAMES H E R v E Y . 

L E T- 



Dear Sifter, Oxen. March u. 1735. 

YEflerday the judge came hither, and to-day the 
atfizes begin. 1 fhall go to hear the aiiize-fer- 
mcn prefently. This cannot but put us in mind of 
that great account we nuift all give before the judg- 
ment-feat of Chrift. How melancholy a fight is ir. 
to fee a poor criminal go up to the bar 1 All he has 
is no longer his own ; his very life is in the power of 
the magiftrate ; and he is in great danger of a ipccciy 
death. And if this be fo dreadful, how infinitely 
more dreadful will it be to appear before a more itridt 
and awful tribunal ? The good Lord grant, that you 
and I may not be caft in that tremendous trial ! A 
trial that will be undergone before angels and God ; 
upon the iflue of which our eternal life will depend. 
Was I to wifli a wifh for the deareit friend in the 
world ; it fhould not be for gold, or jewels, or appa- 
rel ; thefe things are fading, and the fafhion of them 
pafTcth away ; but it fhould be for a favourable fen- 
tence in that laft and great day. Will not the arch- 
angel fhortly found the trump ? Will not all the 
dead come forth of their graves, and the Ancient of 
days fit ? How valuable then will an humble and 
holy life be ! If you and 1 be found with the wed- 
ding-garment on, we fliall dor.btleis enter into the joy 
of our Lord, never to die, never to grieve, never to 
be parted more. But if we mould either of us be 
iifliiigent in this matter; if we ihoulci be fbrprifed 
without oil in our lamps : oh ! the fearfulneis and 
trembling that will come upon us ! the horrible dread 
that will overwhelm us ! to think that we mud be for 
ever (hut out of heaven, banifhed eternally from the 
prefence of God the ibciety of faints, and the fill- 
nefs of joy ! If you or I were to be torn from our 
kindred, and our father's houle, and hurried away 
captive into a foreign country ; there to be chained 


Let. 5. o F L E T T E R S. 313 

to the galleys, or condemned to the mines : how- 
would this grieve both us and our dear relations ! 
ho\v would it pierce our fouls as a fword ! if this be 
fad, (as certainly it is,) alas ! what will it be, to be 
everlailingly feparatedby the unpayable gulf r for one 
to be caught up to heaven, and there to be ever with 
the Lord ; and for the other to be thru ft clown into 
torments, and dwell with wailing and gnafliing of" 
teeth ? Dear lifter, let us confider this ; and give all 
diligence to make our calling and election lure ; that 
when the changes and chances of this mortal life are 
over, we may meet and live together in glory ever- 
lafting. Which is, and mail be, the hearty prayer of, 
your, &c. 



Good Madam, Dummcr, May 7. 1737. 

PRay be pleafed to caft your eye to the bottom, 
and obferve who it is that defircs to befpeakyou. 
It is one who knows himfelf to have been guilty of 
the molt flighting behaviour, and to have deierved, 
in return your greateft difdain. If after you per- 
ceive his name to be Hervey, that Hervcy who wasfo 
lately and fo long in London, without ever waiting 
upon Mrs *** ; without paying his refpefts to her 
who merits fo much the elleem of every Chriftian, 
without any thankful acknowledgment for her kind 
wiflves fo often conceived, and her prevailing prayers 
ib often put up in his behalf: if, Madam, after you 
are informed of all this, you can bear to give the re- 
mainder of the paper a favourable reading, I fhall not 
01. ly account myfelf highly obliged to your good- 
nature, but when I have an occafion to put up an af- 
front, and to exercile forgivenefs, I will thifik upon 
it as a pattern. 

VOL. V. N Q 24. R r On 


On Sunday I was called out by Providence from 
jny own flock, to preach at two ftrange churches. 
They lay at a confiderablc diflance from each other, 
and from Dummer ; ib that in palling to them, and 
repairing again to my own parifii, 1 travelled a good 
many miles. All the way I went along, 1 was enter- 
tained inthefineit manner imaginable; far more fine- 
ly than mine, or, 1 may venture to lay, than any 
words can defcribe. I wifti 1 had thf glowing colours, 
the accurate pencil, and the m after ly genius of ibme 
firft-ratc painter, that I might draw out, with as little 
injuftice as poflible, the lovely landscape, and make a 
prcfent, in fome degree, worthy your acceptance. 
The air was in its beft temperament ; neither fo hot 
as to enfeeble or diipirit, nor ib cold as to caufe any 
uneafy chillncfs. It was fit to recommend and let off 
the moft agreeable objects, and to be the vehicle of 
perfumes, not much inferior to myrrh, aloes, and 
caflia. I was in company with a gentleman of a clear 
underftanding, and a tolerable ihare of reading ; he 
had ieen much of the world, and had a very deep 
piercing infight into things ; he could talk judicioufly 
upon raoft topics, and would ibmetimes beflow fome 
hints upon religious ones. So that when 1 was difpo- 
fed for converfation, I could have immediate recourfe 
to one that would refine my tafle, and improve my 
judgment, if not minifler grace to my heart. The 
face of the Ikies alfo confpired to render every prof- 
peel completely pieaiant ; it was decked and diversified 
with filver-like clouds ; not fuch as were charged with 
heavy rains, but fuch as prevented the annoyance of 
one continued glare, and changed the funihine fre- 
quently for a welcome fhade ; fuch as ferved for a foil 
to the nnfullied ethereal blue. Thus did God order 
all circumflances, fo as to render our ride exceedingly 
delightful. At our firft fetting out, we went over 
ftrong ground ; where no feed was fown, and fe no 
fruit could grow. Its ufeleflhefs was not owing to 



Let. 5. OF LETTERS. 315 

any defecl in point of fertility, but to a want of be- 
ing manured*. 

Is not this the cafe of many immortal fouls, who 
are born with bit- fled difpoiitions, and bid fair for be- 
coming eminent Taints, but are loll and fpoiled for 
want of care and inflruction ? O for faithful fhep- 
herds to leek them, for induitrious huibandmen to 
cultivate them ! Send, Lord, a plenty of iuch to work 
in thy vineyard, and to watch over thy flieep ! This 
coarfe beginning, though it had no form nor comeli- 
n els in itlelf, yet tended to give an additional verdure 
to the iucceedinglcenes. So the bottonUeispit, andthe 
unquenchable fire, though infinitely formidable, will 
create in the eledt a more tafteful relifh and enjoyment 
of their heavenly felicity. We made more hafte than 
ordinary to get away from this barren fpot. JFor why 
fhould any one tarry in iuch a place, or frequent fuch 
acquaintance, where all that occurs is vain and unprp- 
fitable*? where nothing truly beneficial can either be 
imparted or acquired ? The iboner we are delivered 
from iuch a fituation, the better ; no departure can 
be abrupt, no flight precipitate. When we were ad- 
vanced a little farther, we entered upon a large in- 
clofure. Here were all the footfteps of a commendable 
and iuccefsful induftry. The wheat was in the blade, 
and fprang up with a plenteous increaic, and in good- 
ly array. It was not choked with weeds, nor em- 
ban afTcd with thirties, but like a clean and even mantle 
covered the plain : a prefent credit, and likely to be 
a future comfort to its owner. This iuggeftect to me 
the value of a diligent hand, that portion which it is 
in every one's power to bequeath to himfclf. All the 
affairs of the ilothful are like the mountains ofGilboa, 
on which there was no clew, neither rain, nor fields 
of offerings. But where there is prudence and clii- 
crction to contrive, ond a fteady fervour to execute, 
there whatsoever is undertaken, will, in all probabili- 
ty, profper. By a fpirit of management, even the wil- 

R r a dernef* 

3i6 A COLLECTION Let. 5, 

derneis may be brought to bud and bloflbm as a rofe : 
and, was there inch aipirit in the profeflbrs of religion, 
it would prompt them to be, like Dorcas, full of good 
works ; or, like the great apoitle, continually afpiring 
after frefh and higher mealures of perfection. We 
Ihould be frugal of our time, careful of all our ta- 
lents, and molt laudably covetous of every grain of 
improvement in piety. We held on our courie, ad- 
miring (till as we went, the teeming earth, the infant 
corn, and the pregnant promitcs of a prodigious har- 
veft. This led me to mule upon one of the diftin- 
guifhing doclrines of Chriftianity, 1 mean the general 
refurrection. It convinced me how perfectly poflible 
it is with God to raife the dead ; it gave me allb a 
glimpfe of that perfection of beauty, to which the 
bodies of^the jult mall rife. For a little while ago I 
beheld, and lo 1 the whole vegetable world was naked 
an^l bare, without any ornaments, or ib much as one 
amiable feature, like ibme withered, wrinkled, de- 
formed hag. But now how charmingly it appears, 
and fmiles, and (nines 1 No virgin is more gay and 
blooming, no bride is better arrayed, or more ipark- 
ling. And if God fo enlivens and clothes the grafs 
of the earth, and the tenants of the field, how much 
more (hall he quicken and ennoble our mortal bodies, 
which we hope are the temples of the Holy Ghoft ? 
.Several of our dear friends we have accompanied to, 
the grave : we law with weeping eyes their poor bones 
depofited in the duft. But henceforth let us dry up 
our forrows ; they are not to perim, but to be purified 
in thole gloomy chambers. The hour is coming when 
the Lord himiVlf lhall deicend from heaven, with the 
voice of the archangel, and the trump of God. Then 
fhall they hear the almighty iummons, and fpring from 
their confinement like to a roe, or to a young hart 
upon the mountains of fpices *. Then will they look 
forth from their dark abodes as the morning, fair as 


* Cant. viii. 1. 

Let. 5. o ? L E T T E R. S. 317 

the moon, clear as the fun * ; never more to return to 
corruption, but to flourifh in immortal vigour and 
youth. This is a pleating meditation, and deferves 
to be indulged, but at this time it muft give place to 
others. Our next remove was to a lane, let on either 
lide with lofty trees and humble fhrubs. Here the 
profpe<fi was contracted, and we had nothing left to 
contemplate but our branching and leafy mound. 
The iittle boughs, clad with a chearing green, were re- 
freming to the eyes ; and it was curious to obferve, 
how rvery different plant was decked with a different 
livery. Here the twigs were gemmed with buds juft 
ready to open and unfold ; there they were already 
opened into bloffoms, and garnifhed the pointed 
thorns ; fo that they were very delicate to look upon T 
though dangerous to touch. Oh 1 the adorable effi- 
cacy of the divine voice ! how powerfully and how 
laftingly it operates I God faid once, Let the earth 
bring forth ; he fpake not twice, and yet how punc- 
tually does nature obey this fingle command 1 Several 
thouiand years are gone about, nor is its force evacu- 
ated, impaired, or at all diminifhed. It endureth in 
full authority to this day, and is ftill a moil binding 
law to all the material world. O that men would lay 
this to heart, and learn a leffon of obedience from the 
inanimate creation ! All other things Continue ac- 
cording to their Maker's ordinance, and fliall man be 
the only rebel in the kingdom of nature ? Shall man 
alone make the word of Omnipotence to be of none 
effect ? While our light was regaled in this manner, 
a let of chiming bells lalutcd our ears with a folemn 
and ferene harmony. It had no great diverfity of 
itops, nor artful mixture of notes, but lure it was 
mod gladdening mulic, and ipoke a heavenly meaning. 
. It was calculated to inlpire inch a joy as the royal 
IMalmift felt, when he heard the acceptable invitation 
of going up to the houfe of the Lord. On a Hidden, 


* Cant. vi. 10, 

318 A COLLECTION Let. 5. 

when we were lealt apprehenSive of it, the wind 
wheeled about, and bore away the filver founds. But 
it was only to bring them back again as unexpectedly, 
with the fre(h pleafure of a grateful furprifc. Here I 
thought of the Svveeteii: influences of grace, and wiflied 
for that happy time, when the vilits of the blcfled 
Spirit will be uninterrupted Quickly the lawns and 
plains disappeared again, and we dived into a wood. 
Numbers of fprightly birds, hopping and finging a- 
mong the branches, folaccd us as we patted. We 
thanked the pretty iongfters, and bid them go on to 
Supply our lack of praiie. But what mod of all af- 
fecied us, being altogether new, was the warbling of 
the nightingale. What a tuneful throat has that 
charming creature, and what an unwearied uie does 
ike make of it ! 1 myfelf heard her melody in the 
day-time, and 1 am told in the night feafon alfo (he 
takes no rci't. How Sovereign and undeferved is the 
goodneSs of the Lord to the children of men ! The 
pipe of this wakeful choriftcr, though now fo in- 
ceffant in thankSgivings, muft ibon be Sealed up in 
endlefs Silence: while the,mouth of dull and ungrate- 
ful mortals will be filled with everlafting anthems. 
The air was impregnated with Sweets ; and without 
money, or without price, we breathed in Such a deli- 
cious fragrance, as far excelled the powders of the 
merchant *. This put me in mind of Some beauti- 
ful lines of the great Milton* '& : 

' Now gentle gales 

Fanning their odoriferous wings, difpenfe 
Native perfumes, and whifper whence they ftole 
Thofe balmy f polls* 

The other recalled to my memory part of a divine 
deScription, vaftly Superior to Milton's. Lo, the win- 
ter is paft, the rain is over and gone. The flowers 
appear on the earth, the time of the finging of birds is 
come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our landf. 

* Cant. in. 6, -j- Cant. ii. n, 12. 

Let. 5. o F L E T T E R S. 319 

Two of our fenfes being fo cxquifitely gratified, we 
were in no hafte to leave the place, though it was 
narrow, and afforded no other profpecl but the (Lining 
canopy over our heads. But as loon as we were 
emerged from this fylvan path, what wonders preierrt- 
cd themfelves to our view ! I think 1 was fcarce ever 
more agreeably flartled in my life. We flood upon 
tUe brow of a hill, and underneath were tra&s of le- 
vel ground of an immenfc 1 circumference. The la- 
bouring eye could hardly deicry the utmoft bounds. 
The ^Hiole fcene, being parcelled out among a variety 
of tillers, and producing variety of fruits, was like a 
noble piece of chequer-work. The nearer parts, and 
thofe diftinclly clifcernable, were replenifhecl with ru- 
ral riches. The folds were full of fheep, and of lambs, 
frisking by the fide of their fleecy dams. The valleys 
flood Ib thick with corn, that they even laughed and 
lung. One fpot was not fprinkled, but feemed to be 
overlaid with a profution of flowers, as the roof of 
the temple was with gold ; another was, as it were, 
enamelled, like an embroidered carpet, with a well- 
proportioned diflribution ; fome of them yellow as 
oranges, fome white asfnow, fome tinged with a bor- 
der as red as blood. The towns and villages inter- 
iperfed here and there, looked like the tiny tents of 
the fabled fairies. Numberlefs other beauties glanced 
upon my fight ; but as I had not, then leifurc to exa- 
mine them, fo neither have I now room to relate them. 
O that thefc, and all the charms of the delightful 
leafon, may lead up every fpe&ator's thoughts to the 
inimitable glories of heaven. And while the eye feafls 
upon them, let every tongue acknowledge to the ho- 
nour of the all-creating God ; 

Theff are thy glorious "works, Parent of good i 
Almighty ! thine this univ erf 'al frame, 
Thus -wondrous fair ; thyjslj hoiu wondrous then / 
1 am, &c? 

JAMES H E R v E r . 
L K T- 

320 A C O L L E C T I O N Let, 6. 

L E T T E K VI. 

Dear Brut her y Dunwier, June 27. 1737. 

I Find you are at London looking out for a trade,, 
and a mafter to fet youifclf to. I hope > you pray 
earnestly to God to guide you in your choice by hil 
infinite wifdom. He only knows what kind of em- 
ploy will be beft for you ; in what family or neigh- 
bourhood you will have the mod helps and encourage- 
ments to holinefs ; where you will be moft expoicd to 
temptations, to evil company, and to an early corrup- 
tion. Therefore, remember what you have learned 
in the jd chapter of Proverbs, and now, above all other 
times, put in, practice: ll> ln all thy ways acknowledge 
" him, and he lhall direct thy paths." Befeech the 
all-wife God to go before you in this weighty under- 
taking, and to lead you to fuch a matter, and to fet- 
tle you in fuch a place, where you may, the moft ad- 
vantagcoully, work out your falvation. Defire alfo 
your honoured mother, and "mine, to have a great 
regard to your foul, and the things that make for its 
welfare, in putting you out. Let it be inquired, not 
only whether fuch a tradefman be a man of fubftance 
and credit, but whether he be alfo a man of religion 
and godlincfs ? whether he be a lover of good people ? 
a careful frequenter of the church ? whether his 
children be well nurtured and educated in the fear of 
the Lord ? whether family -prayer be daily offered up 
in his houfe ? whether he believes that the fouls of his 
iervants are committed to his truft, and that he will 
be anfwerable for the neglecl of them at the judgment- 
feat f It will be fadly hazardous to venture yourfelf 
under the roof of any pcrfon, who is not furnimed 
with thcie principles, or is a ftranger tothefe practices. 
But, if he be quite contrary to all thefe, a defpifer of 
God and goodnefs, wholly devoted to carnal pleafure, 
and worldly gain ; if he not only omit the religious 
care and overfight of his houfehold, but alfo fet them 
3 wicked and corrupt example j let nothing induce 


Let. 6. OF L E T T R Si 

you to enter into his fervice. A lewd, drinking^ 
iwearing, cheating matter, will be lure to difregard 
the fobriety and purity of your behaviour, and very 
likely to corrupt it. To Inve his diforderly carriage 
daily before our eyes, will be as dangerous as to lodge 
in a plague-houfe. Therefore, let no Consideration of 
proh't, or advantage, or of any other fort, prevail 
with you to become apprentice to fuch a one. If you 
do, depend on it, you breathe tainted air ; and it is 
much but you catch the deadly infection. After you 
are bound to a matter, you mufl be as diligent in do- 
ing your duty to him, as you mould be of examining 
into his character before you are bound. As I have 
jjiven you my advice concerning the latter of thefe 
particulars, 1 fancy you will not take it amifs, if I 
give you fome directions concerning the former. As 
loon as you are bound, you are at your matter's, and 
not at your own difpofal : he has then a right to your 
hands, your ttrength, and all that you can do. He 
becomes a fort of parent to you ; and though not a 
natural, yet a civil rather. You are alio obliged, not 
only by the laws of your country, and the tenour of 
your indentures, but by the jfth commandment of 
God, to pay him all due iiibmiliion and honour. To 
do this, is a moft material part of your duty, as a 
Chriftian, as well as your undeniable debt, as an ap- 
prentice. It is required of you by God, in holy fcrip- 
tiue ; and you mutt not once imagine that you do 
what is pleafing to him, unlefs you confcientioully 
perform it. .Now, that you may know what it is 
that your matter will expect from you, and what it is 
that the Lord has enjoined you, with regard to him, 
remember, itconfitts, firftin reverence of hisperfonj 
fccondly, in obedience to his commands ; and third- 
ly, in faithfulncfs in his bufmefs. 

Firft, in reverence of his pcrfon. You mutt ctteem 
him very highly for his fupci'iority's f.ike, and the re- 
iVmblance he bears to God. For God, \vhomade you. 

Vox.. V. K 24. *> s and 

322 A COLLECTION Lot. 6, 

and has an uncontrollable power over you^ has com- 
municated iome of tint power to your mailer ; fo 
that you are to look upon him as the representative, 
in ibrae fort, of the divine Majefty, and inveited with 
Iome of his authority. Accordingly St Paul lays, 
1 Tun. vi. I. Yon muft count him worthy of all ho- 
nour ; all, /. e. internal and external, that of the ac- 
tions and words, as well as that of the heart. It is 
not enough to maintain a worthy eitimation inward- 
ly ; but you mufl let it appear on all occasions out- 
wardly, by behaving yourfelf very obligingly to him 
before his face, and by fpeaking very rcipeftively of 
him behind his back. Suppoie you Ihouid difcern 
failings and infirmities in him, you muft by no means 
divulge them, or make yourfelf merry with them, 
much lefs mult you dare to let light by any of his or- 
ders. Whatever you have reaion to think will grieve 
or difpleafe him, will be prejudicial or otfcnlive to 
him, that you mult cautiouily forbear. 

Secondly, obedience to his commands. See how full 
the apoflie ipeaks to this purpofc,G;/.iii. 2 2. Servants, o- 
bey in all things your mailers according to the flefh. Ob- 
ierve likewiie, from. thispaifage, not only the neceili- 
ty, but allb the compafs, and latitude of your obedi- 
ence ; how large and exteniive it is. It reaches, not 
barely to a few, but to all and every inftance. If you 
Should receive orders that are ever ii> much a- 
gainli: the grain of your own inclinations, you muil 
force youriclf to comply with them ; receive them 
as you uled to do naufeous -phyiic ; though they 
be unpl'Jifant at tiril, they will do you good, and be 
comfortable to you afterwards ; your own pleafure 
muft always (loop, and give way to your mailer's. If 
hefets you fuch a tafk as is mean and ignoble, and iuch 
as (accordingto the expreilion of the world) is beneath 
a gentleman's fon, do not icrunle it, dear brother, but 
difpatch it chearfully. Remember wiio hath faid, Ser- 
vants, obey your niafters in all things. And oh! re- 

Let. 6. OF" LETTERS. 323 

member, that be we as well born and bred as we will, 
yet he that was higher than the higheft of ns all, even 
the moft excellent and illuftrious perfon that ever li- 
ved, condefcended to the loweft and (fuch as our fine 
folks would account the) ihamefullefl: offices. The Lord 
Jcfus Chrift, though the brightnels of his Father's glo- 
ry, difdained not to wafli his difciples feet. Neither 
be dejected becauie you are treated in an unworthy 
manner, or let to do Ibme mean and low office for 
him, or his family ; but rejoice rather in that you are 
made like unto your Redeemer, and in the happy prof- 
pecl you will have of becoming great in heaven, by 
being ib little on earth. 1 am aware this piece of ad- 
vice is not ib unexceptionable as the reft; it may pof- 
fibly be adjudged the mark of too yielding and iheak- 
ing a fpirit ; but never forget, that the things which are 
moft highly efteemcd by God, are held in ieaft repute 
by men. I know, and am iure, that if any appren- 
tice would make luch a compliance for the fake of 
prelerving peace, and out of confidence to the com- 
mand of God, and with an eye to the example of 
Chrifl, there is a day coming when he will not repent 
of it ; \vhcn it will not be deemed a blot in his cha- 
raftcr, but be an ornament of grace to his head, and 
more comely than chains about his neck *. Well, 
you fee your obedience muft be universal ; you shaft 
come when he calls you, and go where he bids you ; 
do all that he commands you, and let alone all that 
he forbids you. This muft, moreover, be done, not 
grudgingly, or of necemty, but readily and gladly : 
for hear what the fcripture iaith, Whatfoever ye do, 
do it heartily f ; and again, With good will doing fcr- 
vice | ; fo that we vnuft not creep, but be quick and 
expeditious in our butinefs, howfocver difagreeable. 
^You mult not go about it with grumbling words and 
muttering in your mouth, but with fo futisfied an air, 


* Prov. i. 9. f Col. iii. 23. ^ Eph. vi. 7. 

S s 9 

324 A C O L L K C T I O N Let. 6. 

as may fliew that yon arc pleafed with whatever pleafes 
your m after. 

Thirdly, in faith fill nefs in his bufmefs. Tins is the 
]afl branch of your duty to your matter ; and iince 
Moles has obtained an honourable teftimony, on this 
account, be you alib faithful in all his houfc *. You 
may find this, as indeed all the qualifications of a 
J>ood fervant, defcribcd by St Paul, (TV/, ii. ko.) Not 
purloining, fays he, but ihewing all fidelity. You 
are charged tjot to purloin, /. e. not to keep back from 
your maltcr, nor to put into your own pocket, nor 
convert to your own ule, any of that money, which, 
in the way of trade, pjffes through your laands. You 
were taught from your childhood, to keep your hands 
from picking and ftealing, and I hope you abhor fuch 
abominable practices from the bottom of your heart. 
You mud not fell at a cheaper, and buy at a dearer 
rate, in order to have fome valuable consideration 
made you privily in your own peribn. Thefe differ 
from robbing on the highway, (they are flagrant acts 
of diihonclty, and will cry to heaven for vengeance,) 
only in being lefs open and notorious. Such tricks 
and villanous devices do the fame thing by craft and 
treachery, as houiebreakers do by force and violence. 
Therefore, dear brother, renounce, deleft, and fly 
from them us much as from fire, arrows, and death. 
Befidcs, you are not only to abftain from inch clan- 
deftine knavery, hut alfb to mew all good fidelity. 
What is meant by this, you may underfiand, by read- 
ig how Jof'-ph conducted himfelf in Pofip/iar'sfervicc. 
Your matter, it is likely, will commit the management 
of fome of his affairs to you ; and you muft endea- 
vour, by a difcreet behaviour, and a pious life, to 
bring the bleifing of the Lord upon all that you take 
in h.ind. You muft lay out your time and your la- 
, und give all diligence to anfvver the trult repo- 

* Jicl}. iii. 5, 

Let. 7- OF LETTERS. 325 

fed in you. You muft not delay the bufincfs which is 
urgent, nor do your work by halves, nor transfer 
that to others which is expected you fhould do your- 
i'elf. The ilothful man, lays Solomon, is brother to 
him that is a great warier ; therefore you mult avoid 
idlcncfs, and carelemiels. In a word, you muft do 
nothing knowingly and wilfully that is likely to im- 
poverifhyour matter, but feek by all lawful and laud- 
able means to incieafe his fubttance. All this you 
mull obferve, not only when he (lands by you, and 
infpecls you, but when his back is turned, and you 
are removed from his vi-^vv; othcrwife yourfervice is 
nothing but cye-lcrvice, fuch as will prove odious to 
man, and is already condemned by God. For if you 
appear to be induftrious, and in earneft, before your 
mafter, but to loiter and trifle when out of his hght, 
you will be chargeable with bypocrily ; a fin extreme- 
ly hateful to Chrift, and grievouiJy pernicious to the 
foul. But I am afraid 1 tire you ; this one fentence, 
therefore, and I have done. You muft carry your- 
fclf, throughout the whole couri'e of ycur apprentice- 
ihip, fo relpectfully, fo obediently, fo faithfully, that 
at the end of it you may truly lay with Jacob, With 
all my power 1 have ferved your father. 1 had more 
to write, but will lend you (if you care to accept it) 
the remainder fome other time. May God bJeis you 
all, and your affectionate brother, 


My dear friends, tlic inhabitants ofGollingtree, near 
Northampton, Duinmtr, "June '<.<$> 1737. 

I Received the letter wrote in your name, and figned 
with your hands, and was very well plcafed with 
its contents. 1 am glad that you are all in good health, 
and am obliged to you for retaining fo honourable a 
remembrance of an unworthy youth. Your defire to 

* have 

326 A COLLECTION Let. 7. 

have a careful clergyman fettle among you is perfectly 
right and laudable. But I fear you make an over- 
favourable and raiftaken judgment, when you imagine 
me to be fuch an one, and pitch upon me for that pur- 
pofe. However, letting this pal's ; it is, I fay, well 
and wifely done of you, to be Iblicitous in this mat- 
ter. For a minifter is a perfon of the greatell im- 
portance imaginable ; his office is of the molt univer- 
ial concernment ; and his demeanour therein, of the 
moft beneficial or prejudicial tendency. Beneficial, 
if he be able, faithful, and watches for his people's fouls 
as one that mult give account. Prejudicial, if he be 
unfkilful, unactive 1 , and unconcerned about the fpiri- 
tual welfare of his people. The things that pertain 
to falvation, and the means of obtaining everlafliiig 
life, are lodged in his hands. He is the fteward of the 
myfleries of Chrift, and fo the guardian (under di- 
vine grace) of your heft and moft abiding intcreils. 
If through ignorance he mifmanage, or through idlc- 
nefs neglect this weighty trufr, it may be the ruin of 
immortal fouls. Whereas, if he be both dil'crcet and 
diligent in his holy vocation, he may be the inftru- 
inent of the richeft benefits to thole committed to Iris 
charge. His praying to God, and his preaching to 
them, may be attended with fuch a blefiing from on 
high, as will fill them with heavenly v/ifdom ; form 
them to true holincls ; and lit them fr the future 
glory. Benefits theic, not inconsiderable or momen- 
tary, but fuch as are great beyond all expreflion, and 
lafting to eternity. For thefe reafons, it will be your 
%vifdom and your happinefs to procure a paftor whole 
life is exemplary ; whole doctrine is found ; whole 
heart is warm with zeal for God ; and whofe bowels 
yearn with companion for men. If your bones were 
broken, or if you were brought to death's door by 
the force of fome violent difeaie ; you would not be 
content with the prescription of a quack, but feck out 
for the befl advice. If your wives were in hard labour ; 


Let. 7. OF LETTERS. 327 

if the children were come to the birth, and there was 
not ftrength to bring forth, you would not fpare to 
ride for the moil experienced midwife. Oh ! be as 
prudent and careful for the falvation of your fouls, 
which endure for ever, as you are for the life of your 
bodies, which is but as a vapour. Remember, that you 
are lick . of fin, fadly difordered by fundry corrup- 
tions, and mult neceiTarily be cured before you go 
hence, and are no more feen. Remember, that you 
mull be regenerated and born again, or you cannot 
enter into the kingdom of heaven. And be not will- 
ing to truil iuch matters, which are of infinite and 
everlafling moment, to the management of any that 
comes next. 

Now that you may be the better able to make a right 
choice in this important particular, I will lay before 
you two or three of the diltinguiming characters of a 
true miniller. Firft, he lias a tolerable flock of know- 
ledge. Though not enough to explain all mylleries, 
or to anfwer every perplexing queftion, yet enough 
to make himfelf and iiis hearers wife unto falvation. 
He may be ignorant of many things without much 
difparagement to himfelf, or prejudice to his people; 
but he mud be acquainted with, and able to teach 
others all that is neceiFary for them to know. Second- 
ly, he has not only foine underflanding, but fome ex- 
perience alfo hi the way of godlinefs. He has learned 
to fubdue, in iome meaiure, the pride of his nature, 
and to be humble in his own eyes, and not fond of 
applaufe from others. He has broke the impetuofity 
of his paliion, and generally polfefles his foul in pa- 
tience; or if, upon fome very ungrateful a:id provoking 
ul'age, he cannot calm his temper, yet he can curb 
his tongue ; and though his ipirit be ru fried, yet hi> 
words will be gentle. He is moll commonly meek 
after tne manner of his bleilecl Mailer, and will al- 
ways return blefling for curling, acconii:;^ *>> 
holy command. He has often la-.; < the: Ihort* 


328 A C O L L E C T I O N Let. 7. 

nets of time, and the length of eternity ; he has 
weighed the greutneis ami riches of heaven, with 
the insignificant and defpicable meanneis of earth ; and 
diicovers liich a mighty difference, as helps him to 
live above the world, even while he is in it. So that 
he is no lover of filthy lucre, no hunter of carnal 
pleaiures, but his hopes, his defires, and all his views 
of happineis, are hid with Chrift: in God. He is 
courteous and condescending, and will ftoop with the 
utmoft chearfulnefs to the loweft perion in his parilh. 
He will be affable and kind, and leek to pleaie, not 
himfelf, but his neighbours, for their good, to edifi- 
cation. But you mult not tcxpeft to find him trifling 
or ludicrous ; he will not preach to you on the Sun- 
day, and play with you on the week days, but carry 
the fpirit of his iermons into his ordinary converia- 
tion. He will maintain an uniform gravity of beha- 
viour, without differing it to be frozen into morofe- 
nefs, or thawed into levity. He will love his pari- 
fliioners, not for their agreeable peribns or amiable 
qualities, but becaule they are redeemed by the blood 
of Chrift. It will be his bufmeis and conftant endea- 
vour, I had almoft (aid his meat and drink, to fet for- 
ward their Salvation ; that, by their being made meet 
for the inheritance of faints in light, his crucified Lord 
imy fee of the travail of his ibul, and be fatisfied. 
He will never forget the importunate request of his Sa- 
viour, but thole winning arid commanding words, Feed 
my fheep, feed my lambs, will be engraven upon the 
tables of his heart. To fulfil this earneft requeft, and 
execute this laft charge of his deareft Redeemer, will be 
the fixed and invariable Scope of all his defigns. If 
at any time he hits this defirable mark, by bringing 
home to the fold any that have gone aftray, he will be 
as glad as one that findeth great fpcils. To fee the 
people of his cr.rc perSifting in profanenefs, feniualiry, 
and an unror.v rted (tare, will be the greateft grief 
that he feels : but to ice his children walking in the 


Let. 7- OF LETTERS. 329 

truth, mortifying their evil affections, and growing 
up in goodrieis as the calves of the flail, this will be 
his joy and crown of rejoicing ; better to him than 
thoufands of lilver and gold. It is his work lo win 
fouls ; and by the former of thefe qualifications he is 
fitted for it, by the latter he is wholly devoted to it. 
And in order to prolecute it with the greaier iucceis, 
lie will, firrt, take herd to himfelf, that his life be a 
fair and beautiful tranicript of his doctrine, fuch as 
may remind men of, and be daily re-inforcing his in- 
ftructions. He will not bind the yoke upon your 
fhoulders, till he has wore it himfclf ; and (houkl the 
paths of religion piove ever io thorny, he will go 
firfb and beat the way. As far as human infirmities 
permit, he will ftrive to be unblameable and unre- 
proveable, that he may renew the apoille's challenge, 
Be ye followers of me, even as I am of Chritt. Se- 
condly, his preaching will be plain ; full of fuch ufe- 
ful lenfe as may be edifying to the better learned, and 
yet delivered in fo eafy a manner, as may be intel- 
ligible to the ignorant. It will not only be plain, but 
powerful alfo, if preceding prayers and tears, if words 
coming warm from the heart, and accompanied with 
an ardent defire of being attended to ; if to feel himielf 
what he fpeaks, and fo long that it may be felt by o- 
thers, can make it fuch, he will declare the whole 
will of God, without with holding or mincing any. 
Be the truth ever io diiagreeable, contrary to your 
profits, or contrary to your pleafures, you will be 
lure to hear it. He will indeed (hew it in as lovely a 
light, and make it as palatable as he can, but nothing 
will prevail upon him to conceal or difguife it. Third- 
ly, he will not confine his teaching to God's day or 
houfe, but will exercife his care of you every day, 
^and will bring it home to your own houics, whether 
you invite him or no. He will frequently vifit you, 
and for the fame end as he meets you at church. Now, 
{hall you like this part of his duty, or bid him wel- 
VOL. V. N 24. T t conic, 

530 A COLLECTION Let. 7. 

come, when he comes on fuel) an errand ? Nay, he 
will think himfelf bound to proceed farther, and to 
inquire into theitate of your fouls, and your proceedings 
in your families ; whether you are competently fur- 
nifhcd with laving knowledge ; and are careful to in- 
creafe it daily, by allowing a $ai\y portion of your 
time for reading the fcriptures ? what virtues you are 
deficient in, what vices you are fubjecl to ? what evil 
tempers, what vile affections, what unruly paflions are 
predominant in you, and want to be fupprefTed ? whether 
your children are catechifed, and your ici vantsinftruct- 
cd ? whether you are conftant in family- worfliip, and at 
your clofet- devotions ? how you fpend the fabbath ; 
whether you fquander it away in impertinent vifits, 
idle chat, or foolifli jefting ; pr whether you conie- 
crate it to the better exercifes of prayer, praile, holy 
dilcourfe, reading, and meditation ? Thefe, and other 
points of the like nature, he will examine into, and 
exhort you to amend what is arrfifs, no lefs than en- 
rourage you to perfevere in that which is good. Nor 
will he exhort you once or twice only, but again and 
again, and hardly leave off till he has won yqur con- 
fent. In things that relate to himfelf, he will be eafily 
iaid nay j but when the great God infifts upon obe- 
dience, and a bleffed immortality will be [oil by dii- 
obedience,hewillbe inftantin leafon, and out offeafon, 
he will foJicit with unwearied applications the import- 
ant caufe, and prels you to perform your duty : as the 
poor widow importuned the unjufl judge to avenge her 
of her adverfary, he will add to his exhortations, re- 
proofs. His eye will be open, and his ears attentive to 
what pafTes in his parifli ; and when any one walks dif- 
0rdcrly, he will meet him as Elijah did Akab *, with a 
rebuke in his mouth, 'i his I can promife, that he will 
Tiot rail at, nor accoft you with repi oachful words ; but 
he will certainly fet before you tht things that you have 
done. He will not defame you behind your backs, 

* i K;ngs xxi. 2q. 

Let. 7. o F L E "T T E R S. 331 

but whether you be rich or poor, whether you be 
pleafed with it or not, he will bear in mind the com- 
mandment of the Lord, and (hew his people their 
tranigrellions, and the houie of Jacob their fins*. He 
will tell you with tendernefs, but yet with plainneis, 
that inch courfes are a fad and too lure a proof, that 
grace has not had its proper work on your iouls, that 
ye are carnal, and hdve not the Spirit of Ghrifl. So 
that a true minifter of the gofpel will be a conftant 
inspector of your actions, a faithful monitor of your 
duty, and an impartial reprover of your offences. He 
will guide you by his counlcl, and animate you by his 
example, and bleis you by his prayers. If you be 
willing and obedient, he will conduct you fafely 
through a troubleibme and naughty world, and bring 
you to the land of everlalting felicity : but if you be 
perverle and obltinate, he will be a (landing terror 
to your consciences here, and a fwift witneis againft 
you hereafter j he will be the unhappy means of in- 
crealing your preient guiltj and aggravating your fu- 
ture account, and of making it more tolerable for 'Tyre 
and Sidon in the day of judgment^ than for you. 

And now, my kind and dear friends, are you, upon 
fecond thoughts, delirous of having iuch a paftor pla- 
ced amongityoLi ? Shall you be glad to have the afore- 
mentioned vigilance and diligence exerted in the holy 
function ? Can you willingly fubmit to an overiight 
fo narrow, to admonitions Ib mediant, to corrections 
ib clofe arid particular I if, after due confideration, 
yc are willing; give me leave to Inform you, ho wye 
may procure iuch a man of God to come unto you, 
and take up his abode with you. He is an exceeding 
great and precious bleiling to %py people j too preci- 
ous to be purchafed with money, and is the free gift 
of God. So that the svay to obtain him, is to addrcfs 
yonrfelvcs to heaven, and make iuppligation to the 
Almighty. Wiiat cannot prayer, fervent and belie- 

T t 2 ving 

332 A COLLECTION Let. 7. 

ving prayer do ? I tcarcely know any thing that is a- 
bove its power, or beyond its reach. Prayer lias 
locked up the clouds, and opened them again, made 
the earth as iron, and the heavens as brals ; prayer 
has arreded the f'nn in his race, and made the moon 
Hand IH11 in her march, and reverted the perpetual 
decree ; prayer has fetched down angels from above, 
and railed up the dead from beneath, and done many 
wonderful works. In like manner, prayer will get 
for you an ufcful and worthy teacher ; if he be ever 
fo far otf, this will bring him near ; if he be ever ib 
averfe, this will over-rule his inclination. Do you 
doubt of this ; I own you would have goodreafon, if 
you had nothing but my word to iup;>oi t it. But 
what if God, who cannot lie, has tellified and given 
you aflarance of the lame ? Why then, 1 hope, ye 
will be no longer faithlefs, but believing. Hear, there- 
fore, what he himfelf has laid by his own beloved Son, 
A(k, and ye mall receive ; feck, and ye fhall find *. 
Again, he faith, if ye mail aik anything in my name, 
I will do it -j". Here you fee the Almighty has palled 
his word., and he, to whom all things are pollible, has 
pawned his veracity, that he will not deny you the 
requeft of your lips. And dare you not trull the All- 
powerful ? Can you have a better fecurity than his, 
whofe titls is faithful and true f The divine promiies 
arc all immutable, ftronger than the ftrong mountains ; 
and heaven and earth fiiall pals away, iboner than one 
jot or tittle of them (hall pals unfulfilled. When ye 
defire a pious and able minilter, ye delire a good thing, 
fuch as will be for the honour and glory of God to 
grant. Therefore, encouraged by this % and confiding 
on his moft lure promife, beg of the Moil High to give 
you a true paftor and Ihepherd for your fouls ; one 
that may love you like St Pnul^ rule you like David^ 
teach you like Sumnel, and lead you like Jofliua to the 

*Matth. vii. 7, -fjohn xiv. 14. 

Let. 7. OF LETTERS. 333 

heavenly Canaan ; that bltlled and bliisful country, 
where we all would be I 

O God, great and glorious, infinite in thy wifdom, 
and uncontrollable in thy power! thy providence is 
over all thy works ; thine eyes run to and fro through 
the earth, to behold the condition, and Supply the 
wants of thy fcrvants. Thou lenteft Mojcs to deliver 
thy children out of Egypt ^ Philip to inftrucl: the ig- 
norant eunuch, and Peter to preach to the devout cen- 
turion. O bleifed Lord, who art the fame yeiterday, 
and to-day, and for ever, vouchiafe the fame mercy 
to us of this parifh, that we alfo may have a teacher 
come from God. Grant us, O thou Giver of every 
good gift, a faithful (hepherd for our fouls ; who may 
feed us in a green pafture, and lead us forth belide the 
waters of comfort : one that may be wholly devoted 
to thy Service, and intent upon nothing but the due 
difcharge of his important office ; who may be a light 
to our paths by his godly directions, and as fait to our 
corrupting fouls by his unblameable conversation, 
Let Such a minifler, we befeech thee, be placed over 
us, as will watch for our Spiritual welfare ; that will 
love us with an affectionate and parental tenderncSs ; 
that will cherilh us, as a hen cherifheth her chickens 
under her wings : one that may be able as well as 
willing to inftrucl: us in our duty, to whom thou haft 
revealed the wondrous things of thy law, and the 
glorious myfteries of thy gofpcl : whole lips may pre- 
ierve knowledge, whole tongue may be continually 
dealing it out, and whole mouth may be unto us a 
well of life : whole diScourSes may be milk to tho 
babes, meat to the flrong, and medicine to the lick : 
who may have a fkilful as well as a compailionate 
zeal, and know how to divide rightly the word of 
truth ; who may be an example as well, as an exhort er, 
a pattern as well as a preacher, of every charitable ac- 
tion, and every devout temper : under vvliof'e gui- 
dance we may walk in the ways of peace and piety, 


334 A COLLECTION Let. 8, 

of mecknefs and humility, of righteoufnefs and falva- 
tion ; till we all come to the city of the Jiving God, 
to an inurnerable company of angels, and to the fpi- 
rits of jufl men made per feel. O grant us inch a 
prieft, and clothe him with luch qualifications, and 
make thy chofen people joyful. Hear us, mod merci- 
ful Father, for his lake, whole fheep we are, who 
bought us with his Uood ; who died for us on earth, 
and maketh intercetfion for us in heaven ; even jelus 
Chrift : to whom, with tuee, and the Holy Ghoft, 
be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen. 


To his Sis T ER. 
Dear Sifter , Dummer, July j*. 1727. 

I Hope London does not dilagree with the health of 
your body, and 1 dare lay it may be made feme-c- 
able to the health of your foul. There are precious 
opportunities of going to church, and worshipping 
the divine Majefty, every morning and evening ; which 
1 hope you do not flight, but embrace with all thank- 
fulnefs,,and prefer before every other engagement. 
If you was grievoufly lick, and even hard at death's 
door, you would be glad to have recourfe to any phy- 
fician ; but if you heard of one that coutd not poliibly 
rniftake your cafe, and would infallibly cure yoa, how 
f agcrly would you fly to him ? Sifter, believe me, our 
fouls are ikk of fin, fick of worldly mindednefs, firk 
of pride, fick of paffion, and iundry other dilorders, 
which, if not fpecdily healed, Will bring us down, 
not only to the urave, but to the torments of hell. 
We have almoft as little tafle or relifli of holy and 
devout exerciies, as a fick and languiming man has 
for the ftrong meats he loved when he was well ; 
which is a plain, and lot; uraic-nirtble a proof, that our 
better, our immortal part is fadly out of order, Now. at 


Let. 8. OF LETTERS. 335 

church you may fin.d a fure and never-failing remedy 
for your fpiritual disorders. God's grace is a ibvcreign 
medicine, and in his houie it is to be obtained. There 
he, like a moll bountiful and beneficent prince, (lands 
ready to difpenie the help and aiGltance, the enlight- 
ening and purifying influences of his Spirit. Sure 
then, we who have fuch urgent and immediate need 
of them, {hall not be backward to go, and with an 
humble earnefhiefs leek them. I lay immediate; for 
fince our life is fo uncertain, and we know not what 
a d iy may bring foith, we ought to get our work 
diipatchcd, and our accounts ready without delay. 
It is evening now I write this ; and 1 cannot tell whe- 
ther this may not be the night, in which 1 am to hear 
that amazing cry, Behold the Bridegroom cometh. 
I intend to di reel my letter to my clear fifter ****, 
and hope (he will receive it fafe ; but I have no cer- 
tainty, whether me be yet alive or no. For ought I 
Jmow, her ibul may be ftanding before the judgment- 
f'eat of Chrift, and going to be fixed, if not already 
fixed, in an unchangeable eternal (late. Her body 
may be pale and cold, and ftretcbed out in the coffin ; 
my dear mamma and my brothers taking their laffc 
farewell, and giving her the parting kifs ; the joiner 
juit about to nail on the lid, and hide her face for 
ever from mortal view. Nay, fhe may already have 
been carried upon mens fhouldcrs, and committed to 
the dull, fo that what 1 am inditing, may find her in 
the grave. She may be ileeping in f'-me church-yard 
that I know nothing of, among thoufands of dead 
bodies, never to awake, never to arife, till the arch- 
angel's trumpet founds, and the heavens are no more. 
The very imagination of thisfudden change, rtrikcs 
a damp upon my heart ; I hope it is not a prelage of 
_what has really happened ; if it be, and if my dear 
fifter is a departed fpirit, 1 will henceforth labour to 
clrel's my foul with holinefs, that it may be ready to 
go for^h at a minute's warning, and give her the 


336 A COLLECTION Let. 9, 

meeting in another world. Them, if my filler and I 
ihall be found to have minded, above all things, the 
one thing needful, and to be full of heavenly, fpiri- 
tual, and divine tempers, ihe will be to me better 
than a filler ; and I mall be to her better than a 
loving and affectionate brother, <yc. 


My dear Friend, 

I Received your kind letter, and thank yon for your 
affectionate wifhes. I endeavour not to be be- 
hind-hand with my people in this exercife of love. 
You are always on rny heart, and often, often men- 
tioned in my prayers. Efpecially, that you may be 
partakers of the Holy Ghofr, and feel all thofe laving 
tonviftiohs, which are defcribed by our Lord, John 
xvi. 8, 9, 10, n. That you may be interested in the 
new covenant ; and enjoy all thole precious privileges, 
which were purchafed for us by our dying Saviour, 
and are recorded by his apoftle, Heb. viii. 10, II, 12. 

Yeflerday, in the evening, two gentlemen of the 
city came to vifit me. Our converfation was f'uch, 
as I would have yours be ; fuch as was iuited (if 
God vouchlafe his blcfiing) to edify one another, and 
minifter grace to the hearers. We talked of that in- 
finitely-condefccnding and gracious Friend of finners, 
who came from heaven on purpofe to be crucified for 
us, and is returned unto heaven on purpole to inter- 
cede for us. The interceffion of our blefled Lord was 
the chief ibbjtcl: of our difcourfe, and is a mod com- 
fortable article of our faith. Becaufe 

His interceffion never ceafes. He fitteth at the, 
right hand of his Father, in an abiding poflurc. 
Other high priefls are removed by death ; but he ever 
Itveth to make interceffion for us. We refign part of 
onr time to fleep, and then lofe all attention to our 
own interefts; but he is the Keeper of Ifrael, who ne- 

Let. 9. OF LETTERS. 337 

ver flumbcreth nor fleepeth. We too frequently for- 
get our God, and neglect to carry on communion 
with him. But Chrift has written our names (worth- 
leis as tliey are) upon the palms of his hands ; and a 
mother may forget her fucking child, much fooner 
than he will difcontinue his kind concern for the weak- 
eft believer. 

His interccffion always prevails. If Mofes was heard, 
when he made fupplication in behalf of Ij'racl ; \fjob 
was not denied, when he petitioned for the pardon of 
his three friends ; if Elijah** prayer entered into the 
ear of the Lord God of hofts, when he requefted for 
rain upon the parched earth ; furely God's dearly be- 
loved Son will not be rejected, when he maketh in- 
terceflion for the faints. The Father loves him, in- 
finitely loves him, and therefore hears him. He has 
purchafed whatever he afks ; purchafed it by his obe- 
dience and death, and therefore cannot but obtain his 

Perhaps, you will inquire, what it is that Chrift 
prays for ? We are informed of this in John xvii. 
He prays, that we may be kept from the evil that is 
in the world, vcrfc 15. That we may be fanclified 
through the truth ; fanclified through the word of 
fcripture, verfc 17. That we may be united to Chrift, 
and have fellowfhip with the Father by faith, fellow- 
fhip with one another by brotherly love, verfe 21. 
That we may be made perfecl in his righteoufnefs ; 
prcfented without fpot through his blood \ and, at 
laft, be with him where he is, to behold his glory, 
and partake of his joy, verfes 23, 24. 

Should you be defirous of knowing, whether you 
are in the number of thofc for whom Chrifl intercedes ? 
You may determine this important point, by the fol- 
lowing queftions.- Do you value above all things, the 
bleflings for which Chrifl intercedes ? Do you join 
your own repeated and carneft fupplications to his 
jnterceflion ? And do you rely wholly upon Chrift's 

Yoi V. N 24. U a unipeakable 

538 A COLLECTION Let. 10, 

unfpeakable merits, for the acceptance of all your 
prayers ? If lo, be not difcouraged ; Chrifl: is your 
Advocate with the Father. He died for you on the 
crois, and pleads his meritorious oblation for you on 
his throne. 

Is not this an ineftimable blclfing ? If Hex kiah dc- 
fired the prayers of IJaiah; if Darius defncd the pray- 
ers of the godly 'Jews, for himielf and his ions ; how 
ihould we rejoice in having the prayers of the exalted 
Jefus ! If we are tempted, let this be our fecurity, 
Luke xxii. 31, 32. If we fall into fin through the 
j infirmity cf the fiem, let this be our refuge, i John 
ii. 1, ?. If under apprehenlions of death, or eternal 
judgment, let this be our confolation, Rom. yiii. 33, 


I don't write out the fcriptures, becaufe I would 

have you look tjiem out, or even wrke them out with 
your own hand. And may the bleffed Spirit of God 
write them upon all our hearts ! This will come to 
you, I hope, on Chrijlmas eve. You will talk of this 
letter, and its contents, to your harveft-men. J 
ihould fce glad to be with you, and converfc as we 
tiled to do, on ChrHl and the kingdom of heaven. 
!Npne of my flock, I hope, will be filled with liquor, 
wherein is exce|s ; but be filled with the Spirit. IVly 
kind love to your family, and all your neighbours ; 
particularly to your brother WiUiam^ whofe letter I 
/hall anfwer by the firll opportunity. Yours, drc. 


Dear Sifter, Stokc-sfbbey, June 19. 1738. 

WILL you accept of another letter from your 
loving brother, who loves your better part, 
and would fain be helpful to your immortal interefts ? 
J think I wrote to you when at London; I know not 
what acceptance that letter found, but I can afiurc 

Let. 10. OF LETTERS. 339 

you it meant nothing but good, fpiritual benefit, and 
everlafting advantage to you* 

1 hope my * * * * and * * * * are more eafy with 
regard to me and my welfare. My diforder is a lan- 
guor and faintneis, a feebleneisand inability for action, 
which is increased or lefTened according to the various 
temperature of the weather. I bleih God Almighty, 
I am not deprived of my appetite to food, neither are 
my bones chaltened with pain ; fo that many impute 
all my complaints to a hippifh and over-timorous turn 
of mind, to a diftempcrcd imagination, rather than a 
cliibrdered body. 

I write this in a pleafdre-houfe of Mr ***#, fitu- 
ate upon a high cliff, on the very edge of the fea. On 
one fide a vail tract of land extends itielf, finely di- 
veriified by ftately trees, floating corn and pafturage 
for cattle. On the other fide rolls the great and wide 
fea, where go the (hips, and where is that leviathan, 
whom the almighty Creator has made to take his paf- 
time therein. Which Way foever I look, I meet with 
footfteps of the divine immenfity. I view thy great 
and marvellous works, O Lord God omnipotent : I 
am encountered with ten thoufand arguments, to fear 
thy tremendous power, and love thy diffulive good- 
nels. Oh ! how fafe are they, who have ib infinite 
and mighty a being for their guard ! how happy arc 
they, who have fo inexhauftibly-rich a God for their 
portion ! But how wretched, dear lifter, how mifer- 
ably and emphatically wretched, who have fudi a one 
for their enemy and avenger ! Oh! how can-our feeble 
frame, that flirinks at a little light affliclion, that is 
but for a moment, how can it bear the never-ending 
vengeance of that prodigious arm, which llretched 
out the heavens, laid the foundations of the earth, 
and poured out the waters of the mighty deep ! 

I have been about twenty, or twenty-fix miles into 
and feen wondrous workmarifhip of the 

-creating God ; ragged rocks, roaring leas, fright- 

U U 2 fill 

340 A COLLECTION Let. 10. 

ful precipices, and dreadfully- fteep hills. At Biddc- 
ford, a market-town, about fourteen miles off, I am 
pretty well known, and am a little efteemed. It is 
itrangc to tell, but let it be to the glory of God's free 
and undeferved goodnels, though I am worthy of 
flume and universal contempt, yet I find favour and 
good understanding almoit where-ever I go. 

Mr * * * *'s houfe is fituate in a fine vale. It is 
an ancient ftruclurc, built for the ufe of religious re- 
clufcs, and has an antique, grave, and iblemn afpecl: ; 
before it is a neat fpot of ground, let apart for the uic 
of a garden, enriched with fruits, and beautified with 
flowers. This leads into a curious fort of artificial 
wildernefs made of elms and limes, planted in rows,, 
cut into form, and uniting their branches. In the 
rnidft is a fountain large enough to fwim in, and a 
little engine playing the waters. On each fide are ar- 
bours for {hade, in various parts feats for reft ; on the 
right hand runs parallel to it a clear purling brook re- 
plcnimed with trout, on the left a thick grove hang- 
ing from the fide of a hill : the one ferves for a wa- 
tery mound, the other is a leafy flicker from the north- 
wind, and both, I think, greatly ornamental. This, 
you will fay, is pleafant ; but how unworthy to be 
compared with thofe blisful manfions fitting up for 
the righteous in the heaven of heavens ! This, and if 
there be any other fpot a thouiand times more delicate, 
is no better than a howling wildernefs, if compared 
with the regions of paradife. I wifh my dear fifter 
would carnefHy fcek for God's grace to draw off her 
affections from earthly delights, and fix them there 
where real, fubftantial, and eternal joys are to be found, 
'viz. on the blifsful vifion of God, and thefulnefs of joy 
.that is in his prefence for evermore. Your, <6-f. 


Let. 11. o F L E T T E R S. 341 


Dear 5//?<fr, Biddefurd^ Dec. 10. 1740. 

T Hough I am Co backward in my compliments, I 
am moft hearty in my wilhes, that your fpoufe 
and yourfelf may enjoy abundance of happinefs in the 
married flatc. I congratulate late, but I fhall ever 
pray, that you :nay find blcifings twifted with the 
matrimonial bands ; and not only live lovingly to- 
gether, as one flefli, but live holily together as fellow- 
heirs of the grace of life. 

I hope you will both remember the eternal world, 
which muft very fhortly receive you : That ere long 
the nuptial bed mult be refigned for a lodging in the 
grave ; and the ornaments of a fparkling bride, be ex- 
changed for the dreflings of death. And if, under 
the frequent view of thffe ferious truths, you ftudy 
to further each other in faith and holinefs, then will 
you be true help- meets one to the other : then will you 
come together, not for the worfe, but for the better; 
then may you truft, that when death {hall dhTolve the 
union below, Chrifl Jefus will bid it commence again, 
above ; and continue to endicfs ages, in the midii of 
unfpeakablc delight. 

Pleaie to preient my humble fervice to the feveral 

Mr , and Mrs , that ftill remain in your 

town ; to Mrs , and her daughter ; Mr and 

his fpoufe, and Mr . Remember me alib in the 
k'mdeft manner to your poor neighbours, particularly 

thole who have Mr 's books. May God Almighty 

give them grace to make a proper and practical ufc of 
them ! May he fanctify the attentive and diligent read- 
ing of them, to their increaie in godlinefs, and in the 
'knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jefus Chrift ! 

When you fee myCol/infrtrfe relations and acquaint- 
ance, falute them affectionately in my name. I fup- 

pofe you will ibou fee niy , and ; pa-cfciit my 


342 A COLLECTION Let. 12, 

duty to them, I Hi on Id rejoice to fee them again in the 
flelh, before any of us go hence, and are no more ieen. 
May the Father of oar fpirits, and the Father of the 
Lord Jcius Chritt, our right eouihefs, prepare us for 
a happy meeting in the regions of glory, and for the 
blifsful vifion of his own adorable iclf. 

There is at Biddcford^ and has been for a confider- 
able time, a townfman of mine, a middle-aged man, 
born at his name is -. I little thought 
to find fuch a perfon in thele remote parts. It puts 
me in mind of heaven, where people of every kind- 
red and tongue, of all nations and languages, will form 
one general and glorious aflembly. May you and I, 
dear lifter, one day be numbered with thole children 
of God ; and have our lot, our delightful and ever- 
lafling lot, among the faints. I am, &c. 


Reverend and dear />, June 2. 1747. 

CAN you accept the will for the deed i 1 It was in 
my heart, long before this, to have made you 
my belt acknowledgments ; and not in my heart 
only, but actually attempted. In Buckingham/liire I re- 
membered my kind and obliging friend, and was with 
delight fet down to give vent to my grateful thoughts. 
Bat company on a fudden coining in, arrefted my pen ; 
and engaging me till I returned from that place, pre- 
vented the execution of my defign. Now, Sir, my 
heartied thanks for your welcome aflillance, defire 
your acceptance. And if the utmoft fincerity can a- 
tone for the delay, my confcious heart allures rne, they 
will not be rejected. My father is wonderfully reco- 
vered. Had he lived in the times of fuperftition, for 
ought I know, his uncommon diforder might have 
been afcribed to witchcraft, and his fpeedy recovery 
patted current for a miracle. The grave fcemed to 


Let. 12. o F L E T T E R S. 343 

have opened her mouth for him. We thought him to 
be on the very brink of death. 

pne furvs regna Proferpint, 
Et judicnntem viderit s<icu;n, 
Scdefque dejcriptas piorum I 

But now God has turned, and refrefhed him ; yea, 
and brought him from the deep of the earth again. 
He lives and regains his ftrerigth daily. Laft Sunday 
he read prayers in his church, and intends next Sun- 
day to fill the pulpit. 

Mrs , I hope, is very well ; to whom I beg 

my humble lervice may be acceptable. Your dear lit- 
tle ones too, the olive-plants about your table, 1 trufl 
arc in a flourishing ftate. May the good Lord fulfil 
bis precious promife to them, and the children of your 
honoured neighbour. May he pour his -Spirit upon 
your feed, and his blefling upon your offspring, that 
they may grow up (in knowledge and grace) as wil- 
lows by the water courles. I am juft now going to 
our vifitation, held at Northampton* I (hall appear as 
a ftranger in our Jenifalem ; knowing few., and known 
by fewer. Methinks there's fomething auguft and 
venerable in a meeting of the clergy ; efpecially, if 
one looks upon them as fo many agents for the invi- 
fible God, and envoys from the court of heaven. I 
hope to be put in mind of that awful day, when the 
Lord Jcftis Chrifl, that great Shepherd of the fheep, 
and Bilhop of fouls, will make his entrance in the 
clouds of heaven. Then, at that great, final, and 
dccifive entrance, may my dear friend receive the ap- 
probation of his judge. May he then be rewarded 
for his kind offices to myfelf and others, in everlafl- 
ing honour 2nd joy. 1 am, drr. 


344 A COLLECTION Let. 134 


Dear Sifter, Biddeford, July 7. 1741. 

AFter a very fultry journey, I arrived fafe at Bid- 
deford. Here I have been one whole week. At 
Bath and at Bridgwater I made a considerable flay. I 
tarried at each place a couple of nights ; was enter- 
tained with abundance of civility. 

There is a general profpeft of a plenteous harveft. 
The valleys Hand Ib thick with corn, as makes the 
traveller rejoice, and the hufbandman ling. There is 
great want and fcarcity of many things, but there is 
plenty of fifti. Now the dry land is fo barren, the 
waters yield the larger increafe. It is obferved, to the 
glory of God's good providence, that now flefh is fo 
dear, fifh is uncommonly cheap. Thus gracioufly does 
the Almighty, when he locks up one, open another 
fountain of his beneficence. During my abfence from 
Biddeford, a lufty man, in the prime and vigour of life, 
was carried off by my father's diforder. It is there- 
fore diftinguifhed mercy that our father has enjoyed ; 
fuch as has been with- held from others, while it has 
been vouchfafed to him. 

I am now far from my dear relations. Friends I 
have indeed, but not one of my kindred near me. O I 
that God may be my guide, my proteclor, and my 
portion here and for ever. If the Lord, the Lord 
Jefus Chrii'l be my Shepherd, I mall lack nothing. 
Unworthy, altogether unworthy of fuch an ineflima- 
ble favour, I deiire to lye at the feet of his free un- 
merited grace ; feek'mg what he is ready to give, 
though I, alas ! am moft undeferving. And furely 
we have good reafon to hope, and the very beft en- 
couragement to feek. For if he gave his life, and 
fpilt his blood for us, will he not much rather give us 
pardon of our fins, and juflification through his righ- 
tcouihefs ? 


Let. 14. e F L E T T E R S. 345- 

I hope my brother is in perfect health. I wifh 
him a ieaibnahle and kindly harveft ; and wi(h you 
both abundance of happineii j and am, dear filler, 

His and yours, 


My dear Friend^ 

I Find you have had Mr *-- among you latelyi 
Many, 1 hope, have found abundant benefit from 
his preaching, and you in particular. He is a fliining 
light, a choice and illuftrious ambafTador of JefuS 
Chriit. What a favour of his divine Mailer does lie 
filed abroad whenever he preaches 1 fuch a favour, as 
many corruptions cannot overcome, nor all the world 
iiipprefs. Biddcford, I hope, has experienced this fa- 
vour. Methinks, I now fee him in the pulpit, and 
hear him lifting up his compaflionate voice like a trum- 
pet, and proclaiming the acceptable year of the Lordi 
Methinks, I fee him difplaying the gofpel-ftandard, 
and his tongue touched from the heavenly altar, in- 
viting Tinners to flock under his Ihadow ; crying, Come, 
ye fimple ones, whom Satan has beguiled, and Chrift 
mall give yon light ; come, ye wicked ones, whom 
Satan has enfiaved, and the gracious Redeemer flialt 
let you free ; conic, ye that have bean righteous in 
your own eyes, forfake this refuge of lies, and enter 
into the ark before the rains defcend, and the floods 
come, which will fweep away every falie hope : O ! 
lean not upon a broken reed ; build not upon the fink- 
ing fand ; but upon the Rock of ages ; the Foundation 
laid in Zion by the hand of heaven itfclf. Come untd 
Jefus, ye ruined and undone finners, for he has a ten- 
der heart that is ever open to receive you ; and an 
arm that is omnipotent to fave you. Indeed, my 
friends, thofe that know Chrift's name will feck no 
ether Saviour, nor defirc any other good j all their 
VOL. V. N 24. X x bone 


bones will cry out, Lord, unto whom fl'iall we go, 
but imto thce ? thou only halt the; words of eternal 
life They that know Chrifl's free goodnefs, will put 
their whole trutt in him, and leek no other way to 
the Father of rnercy, but through his merit. This is 
their only claim they have to make for their accept- 
ance, Chrift died ; but for whom did he die, my dear 
friends ? He gave himfelf a ranfoni for all ; he \vas 
lifted up upon the accurfed tree, and out of his fide 
came a fountain of blood and water, where every 
tinner may bathe and be made clean. The awakened 
fons of sldam, that feel their miienes, lee a fulnefs of 
merit in one drop of that blood, iuffkient to atone 
for the guilt often thoufand worlds. This fills them 
with great comfort, although they are vile finners. 
What though they are loathibme beggars, taken from 
the dunghill of uncleanneis, that are but now returrr- 
ing from the highways and hedges of every abomina- 
ble pra&ice ? What though they are as beads before 
God, very dogs, like that poor Syropfonician woman ? 
yet Chrift's /aving kindnefs is fo great and unbounded, 
that he cafteth out none who come unto him. Here 
h confolation for the trembling firmer, though he has 
not a grain of worthinefs in himfelf, yet his Lord has 
infinite treafures of unmerited grace. They who be- 
lieve that Chrift flied his precious blood for guilty 
finners, will chearfully put their truft in this atone- 
ment for pardon. They will fay, O ! they will often 
Jay, with gratitude, glowing in- their breafts, and tears 
in their eyes ; Be it that my fins are as the deepeft 
crimion dye, and more in number than the hairs of 
my head, yet the blood of Chrift cleanfeth from all 
fin, and waflieth a filthy polluted confcience whiter 
than fnow. With him there is no icanty, but plen- 
teous redemption. Be my debts ever fo great, ten 
thoufand times ten thoufand talents ; yet the agonies 
of the once-ilaughtered Lamb has paid it to the very 
uttermoft farthing. They who know his -riguteoui- 


Let. 15. o F L E T T E R S. 

nels, will put their trufl in it alone for juftification. 
If 1 had the righteoufnefs of a faint, fays one, O how 
happy fhould 1 be f If T had the righteoufnefs of an 
angel^fays another, I fhould fear no evil. But 1 am 
bold to fay, that the poorefl linner that believes in 
Chrill, has a righteouthefs infinitely more excellent 
than either faints or angels. For if the law afks for 
linlcls perfection, it is to be found in my divine Sure- 
ty. If the law requires an obedience that may fland 
before the burning eye of God, behold it is in J^fus 
my Mediator. Should the ftri&eft juflice arraign me, 
and the purclt holinefs make its demands upon me, I 
remit them both to my dying and obedient Immanusl; 
with him the Father is always well pleafed, in him tlxc 
believer is complete. They who know Chrift's power, 
will put their trufl in him for fanclilieation of heart 
and newnefs of life. Though fin is rooted in my foul, 
and rivetted in my conftitution, yet Chrilt can pnrge 
it out. Though it were twifttrd with every nerve oi" . 
rny flefli, yet he can make the rough tempers fmooth, 
and the crooked difpofitions flraight : the vile ?ffec- 
tions, like legions of devils, he can root out, and fill 
every heart with the pure love of God. To which 
happy ftate of foul may both you and I be brought 
while here below ; that we may be made meet to a~ 
fcend to that habitation of God, where nothing un- 
clean can enter. 1 am yours finccrely, &c. 



To his FATHER. 
Rev. and lion. /r, Biddcford, Qtt. i. 1742. 

YOnr laft, containing the melancholy account of 
the death of both my aunts, I received. 1 hope 
they died in the Lord, and ileep in the bofom of Jeius 
and then, truly, they are the happy pcrfons, and we 
the objecls of pity. They reft, and have call anchor 

*3 in 

"348 A COLLECTION Let. 13, 

in the harbour ; whereas we are ftill beating on the 
ocean, and toffed in the ftorm. If we coniider things 
impartially, this world is our grave ; nor do we really 
live, till we burft the flefhly prifon, and get beyond 
the vifiblc fkies. 

In the grave is darknefs. It is called the fhadow of 
death. And what elfe is this wretched world ? what, 
but a ftate of gloomincfs ? a valley of the thickeft 
darknefs ? where poor mortals grop in fpiritual igno- 
rance ; am 1 , wander up and down, not feeing the things 
that belong to their peace. 

In the grave, and among the tombs, we look for 
phantoms and apparitions. And what elfe do we meet 
with here be}o-,v ? A thoufand forts of happinefs pre- 
ient themfelves to our wifhes, but are unlhbftantial and 
phantaftical all. They are a gay delufion, and mock 
our expectations, as one of thoie vanifhing forms 
would baulk our embraces. 

The graye is the land where all things are forgotten. 
The ideas of friendfhip are obliterated, and the dear- 
eft relatives are remembered no more. And is not 
this too true a defcription of our prefent ftate I Do 
\vc not unaccountably forget Jefus Chrift, our almigh- 
ty Friend, and everlafting glory, our invaluable heri- 
tage ? Where is the man that remembers his bleeding 
tSaviour on his bed, and thinks upon him when he is 
waking ? No ; the Redeemer's inconceivable love, 
3nd the precious benefits of his paflion, are buried in 
a deep oblivion. This world then of darknefs, appa- 
ritions, and forgetfulnefs, is the grand dormitpry ; 
fiefh and blood the tomb of our immortal minds. 
Nafcentcs morimur. 

I fear, I tire you, honoured Sir ; but becaufe I have 
no news that you can apprehend or relifh, f allow 
my pen in thefe excurfions. -This week 1 was lent 
for to vifit a lady of this parifh, in the fame diforder, 
that proved fo fatal to my two aunts. She lay, poor 
gentlewoman, moft terribly afflicted, and is now re- 

Let. 16. o F L E T T E R S. 349 

leafed. It put me. in mind of the Pfalmift** peniten- 
tial acknowledgment, which, 1 think, is never more 
applicable than in the cafe of the imall-pox : When 
thou, Lord, with rebukes doft chaften man for fin, 
thou inakeil his beauty to confume away, like as it 
were a moth fretting a garment. I fhall rejoice to 
hear that you and my mother continue well, under 
all your trouble and fatigue ; and remain, 
Reverend and Honoured Sir, 

Your mo ft dutiful fon, 


Dear Sifter, Biddcford, Otfobcr 12. 1742. 

I Received your kind letter. It was a pleafure to 
hear from Hardinvftone, the place which gave me 
birth, and the place which prefer ves my filter. I am, 
obliged to the Rev. Mr Rofe for remembering me, and 
defire him to accept my beft compliments ; I hope he 
will be an inftrument of doing much good in your 
parifli. To lave fouls, is the nobleft acquilkiofi in the 
world ; infinitely more defirable, than to find great 
fpoils. May this be his honour and happineis, and 
may it be my continual aim ! 

My poor aunts are no more, they are gone the way 
of all flelb ; eternity has received them ; their ftate is 
now become unchangeable. Oh, that we may be 
alarmed by their departure, and labour, while we have 
time, to make our calling and cleclion lure ! 

My mother tells me, you have been much indifpo- 
fed ; I fliall rejoice to hear that you are better. Sick- 
nefs and afflictions are God's call, they are divine ad- 
monitions, and warn us net to be fond of the world, 
"but let our aftecVions on things above. May the blef- 
fed Jcfus make them effectual to our fouls I 

I wifh I had any news to write, that you can nn- 
derftand and relifh. The fmall-pox is marking many, 


$5 A COLLECTION Let. 17. 

and carrying off ibmc among us ; it is a privilege of 
no (mall value, to be pail that infectious diforclcr : I 
have often thought, that it is too lively an emblem 
of the condition of our fouls, by corrupt nature and 
evil practice. So polluted, I'o loathibme is our better 
part, in the eye of uncreated purity, till we are wafti- 
ed, till we are cleanfed in redeeming blood. May we 
carncflly long to be waflhed in that fountain, .opened 
in our Saviour's fide, for iin and for unclcanncis. 

See how our judgments and inclinations alter in 
procels of time ! I once thought I mould make lei's 
ule of the Spectators than you ; but now 1 believe the 
reverfe of this is true, for we read one or more of 
thofe elegant and instructive papers every morning at 
breakfatt ; they are fcrved up with our tea, according 
to their original defign. We reckon our repafl. im- 
perfect, without a little of Mr dddijon's or Mr Strelc's 

company. I wifli Mifs Becky K an increafe of 

happineis in the change of her Itate ; marriage mould 
augment our joys, and dimmifh our forrows. My 

humble fervice attends Mrs A" , MrC *s family, 

and Mr V . My love to my brother, and to your- 

felf, concludes all at prefent to be communicated by, 
Dear Sifter, 

Your affectionate brother, 



Rev. Sir, $ath, Anguft 27. 1734. 

SUnday Jaft, I happened not to be at the Abbey- 
church, in the afternoon. But converting yefter- 
day with a gentleman who was one of your auditors, 
I defired to have a fummary account of your fermon. 
And truly he gave me fuch an account, as both a- 
ftonillied and grieved me. You dignified worldly 
profperity at fo extraordinary a rate, and almoft ca- 
nonized the prolperous man. On the other hand, 

Let. 17. o F L E T T E R S. 351 

you vilified the glorious Jefus in fo fcandalous a man- 
ner, and fet the incarnate Godhead to one of the moft 
ignoble and abominable offices. This made me en- 
courage my friend to draw his pen, and Tend you a 
word of admonition. And when he .declined the talk, 
1 could not forbear undertaking it -rnyfelf. For it 
would be unkind to you, Sir, to perceive you under 
fuch grievous miflakcs, and not to warn you of the 
error of your ways. Nor would it be lefs unfaithful 
to your Mafter, and. my Matter, to be informed of 
iuch preaching, and fuffcr it to pals current without 
any animadvcrfion. 


If I mif/eprcfent you in any particular, I am ready 
to retraft. And if 1 have truth on my fide, and you, 
Reverend Sir, have fpoken unworthy your facrcd of- 
fice, have difhonoured the divine Redeemer, and per- 
verted his everlafting gofpel ; I truft, you alfo will be 
fo ingenuous, as to condemn that ofFenilve fermon to 
the flames, and fuch doclrines to filence and clarknefs. 
For 1 allure you, it is from no ill-natured fpirit of 
criticifm, no morofencfs of temper, or fondnefs for 
contradiction, but from a fmcere concern for the in- 
terefts of true religion, and the honours of our com- 
mon Lord, that 1 take leave to fugged the following 
hin\s : 

I think you firft exhorted people to rejoice, when 
their circumftances were affluent, and their worldly 
affairs profperous ; you enforced this palatable advice, 
by the precepts of fcripture,; and left it fhould not 
be received with a proper welcome, you further urgexl 
it upon your hearers, by the example of our blclfed 
Saviour. In oppotition to this ilrain of teaching, 
permit me to obierve, 

1 . That worldly profperity is no fufficicnt caufe for 
a Chriftian to rejoice. 

a. That it h ofcenoncof the forcft evils that can be- 
fal a perfon. 

3. To (ketch out the true nature of fcriptural prof- 
perity ; 

352 A COLLECTION Let. 17, 

perky ; or clifcover, what is that folid ground 
for rejoicing, which the oracles of Gocl recom- 

Firlt, worldly profperity is no fufficient caufe for re- 
joicing, becaufc worldly tilings are empty and uuiatis- 
factory. That which is lighter than vanity itfelf, can- 
not poifibly give fubltantial joy. If we build for con- 
tentment upon fublunary things, we rear our edifice 
upon the finking land. You can no more bring i'atis- 
faction out of any thing created, than you can carve 
an image out of the riling fmoke, or fill your belly 
with the earl wind. Thole that rejoice only (and you, 
<lear Sir, alfigned no other caufe for rejoicing) becaufe 
they have abundance of earthly things richly to enjoy, 
are like fomc bewildered and benighted traveller, pier- 
ced with cold, dripping with wet, that leaps for joy 
becaufe he finds a glow-worm under the hedge. A- 
las ! this is in no wile able to direct his wandering feet, 
to light him through the diimal gloom, or to warm 
his benumbed limbs ; no more than it is able to fup- 
ply the place of the fun, and dart its faint glimmer 
through the univerfe. The pleafures which a fuperior 
fortune furnifh out, O ! how foon do they become 
Aale, and pall upon the appetite ! How eafily may a 
thoufand accidents fnatch them from our embrace, or 
dafh them to pieces in our arms ! How certainly mud 
we forfake them in a very little time ; and when we 
have taken a few more pleafant morfels, a few deli- 
cious draughts, eat and drink again no more for ever I 
And what a wretched difproportionate delight is this, 
for an immortal mind, that is to furvive the dilTolution 
of the globe ; that is to live unnumbered ages, when 
all that our eyes have feen, is pafTed away and gone ? 
Again, worldly profperity is no fufficient caufe for 
rejo/cing, becaufe a perfon may polTefs this, and have 
neither faith, nor grace. There is no manner of con- 
nection bet ween faith and wealth. The poor frequent- 
ly receive the gofpel, while numbers of the rich rejeft 


Let. 17. OF LETTERS; 

their own happinefs. And without faith it is i 
to pleafe God ; it is unreafonable and Unwarrantable to 
rejoice. The believer, indeed, has a permiffion ; has 
a privilege, yea, has a patent, for rejoicing. The 
Chriftian has all joy and peace in believing. All- 
you lee here is a monopoly, faith has ingrolTed this 
precious commodity. None is to be procured, but 
from her. And as for grace, talents of gold may 
be in the coffers, and not one grain of grace in thd 
heart. Thole that call whole lordfhips their owrij 
cannot, perhaps, lay, that they have received the Holy 
Ghoft. And while they are defHtute of this divine 
principle, I can call them nothing but wretches. 
You may add illuftrious, Right Honourable, and \Vor- 
ihipful, if you pleafe ; but (till they are miferable 
wretches, uulefs Chrift, the hope of glory, be formed 
in their fouls. The Holy Ghoft, you know, Sir, is cal- 
led the Comforter, becaufe it is his amiable office id 
adminifter confolation to his people. He giveth joy, 
and who can make fadnefs ! But alas 1 if he withdraw 
bis benign influences, who or what can create fatis- 
faclion ? Silver fhoes may as well charm away the rack- 
ing pains of a go*utified foot, or golden duft quench 
the third of a parched throat, as any worldly abundance^ 
as all worldly plenty, beget real joy ,without the commu- 
nications of the comforting fpifit. You forget, Sir^ 
the prayers which you daily offer up in the congrega- 
tion. In them, you acknowledge that the world cannot 
give peace. And if not peace, lurely not joy. If not the 
fruit, furcly not the bloflbm. There is no peace, faith 
my God, to the wicked. And all arc wicked, who are 
void of faith, and unrenewcd by grace. All run counter 
to the divine declaration, who bid fuch peribns rejoice, 
though they fhould have every kind of prosperity that 
a carnal heart can with. 

Once more ; worldly profperity is no fumcient caufe 
for rejoicing, becaisfe a man may pofTefs this, ami be a 
thiid of wrath nctwithftanding. Providence often 

Vol. V. N 24. Y y fcatters 


fcatteri? temporary things among the tents of his c- 
ncmies. Tiicy have children at their defire, and 
kavc the rcll or' their fbbftance for their babes. Thefc 
are hufks which the i'wine are permitted to eat. God's 
deareft iervants, thole who are heirs of glory, are fre- 
quently teen to be without any fbare of them, while 
ttie moft abandoned finners have them to the full. 
L^Zurus has not a houfe to lay his head in, while the 
voluptuary dwells ill apartments ceiled with cedar, and 
painted with vermilion. Lazarus has not enough to 
purchale one moriel of meat, muft be beholden to 
charity for the leaft crumb of provifion ; while his 
htJrd- hearted neighbour drinks wine in bowls, and eats 
the choicefh of the flock j is clothed in purple and fine 
linen, and fareth fumptuoufly every day. Who then 
can rationally rejoice in that which is no pledge of 
the divine acceptance ; which carries with it no proof 
of our reconciliation to that eternal Majefty, whofe 
{mile is inconceivable blifs, whole frown is inlupport- 
able wo ? A wealthy and fuccefsful perfon, if he be 
eonfiderate as well as fortunate, mu$ go home from 
fuch a fermon arguing in this manner : " The preach- 
tc er foiieits me to rejoice in my worldly goods. But 
u how can I firrd complacency in fuch periftiing pof- 
* c feflions, when, perhaps, I may be an outcaft from 
ct heaven, and have no place in that kingdom which 
u endureth for ever I how can I take pleafure in thefe 
<l dainties that replenifh m-y table, when perhaps the 
(i heavy wrath of God may fall upon me, while the 
u meat is yet in my mouth ? This fumptuous furni- 
" ture, this glittering equipage, thefe delicious treats, 
u how can I take real fatisfacYion in them, when, for 
** ought 1 know, a hand-writing upon the wall may 
" be denouncing my doom ? If God would lift up 
<c the light of his countenance upon me ; if 1 was 
*' fwectly afcertained of his good will ; then I could 
" rejoiceunfeigneclly. But as for thefe large revenues, 
" and tides of iuccefs, that are fo much extolled by 

" tlue 

Let. 17. OF LETTERS. 355 

*' the preacher, they may prove like the rich paftures 
*' that fatten the ox for the knife." 

Will you have patience with me, Sir, if I proceed 
to prove, 

2. That worldly profperity is fo far from being an 
adequate cauie for our rejoicing, that it is frequently 
one of the foreft and moft mifchicvous evils ? This I 
am fure was the opinion of Archbifnop UfJier. That 
moft renowned and excellent prelate, in his younger 
days, had a continued ieries of prolperity : healthy 
impaired by no attacks of (icknefs ; credit ful-lied by 
no breath of fcandal ; and fuccefs interrupted by no 
difappointment, or difaftrous turn. And what emo- 
tion did this occafion in that devout and judicious 
peribn's mind f did his heart dance within him for 
joy r did he b!ils himlelf on this behalf? No. But 
he was under lad apprehenfions, left God had for- 
iakcn him, and given him over to a reprobate cotirfe. 
He feared, that his heavenly Father, becaufe he iparec! 
the rod, hated the child ; that not being brought un- 
der the dikipline of providential correction, he was a 
baftard, and not a loo of the Lord Almighty. How 
diametrically oppolite was this way of thin-king, to 
your way of preaching ! And whether it was hot & 
very fobcr and jufl method of thinking, let the foL- 
1 owing considerations determine. 

Worldly prosperity is apt to attach men to earthly 
things. When iuccefs (wells their iails, and all pro- 
ceeds according to their \vifh, O 1 bow prone are we 
to di (regard Jefus, and cverlaftrng ages 1 Many are 
immoderately fond of the world, becaufe they have 
fwam fweetly down the ibcam of profperity ; who, 
probably, would have been weaned from its delights, 
juid indifferent to i'.s goods, in cafe they had toilctj 
upon the craggy cliffs of fome intervening advcrfity. 
When they walk always upon rofes, and mret wjtfc 
UQ thorns in their paths, the coufequcncc is an ac- 

Y y 2 


quiefcence in tlicir prefent ftation, and remifFncfs in 
let king the joys of an invifible world. A contentment 
jn the things that arc leen, without any alpiration 
after the things that arc not feen, is the moil: unhappy 
condition imaginable, and is generally. the offspring of 
worldly prosperity. And when this worldly profptrity 
is ib highly rated in the calculations of the pulpit, what 
other effect ca-ii poflibly attend fuch lectures, but to 
glue our affections more cloiely, and rivet them more 
infeparahly, to thefe trifles of a day ? 

Again, worldly prosperity is frequently a mifchie- 
vous evil, becaufe it is apt to make men proud. They 
come in no misfortune like other folks, fays the Pjnl- 
m(fl, and this is the caufe that they arc fo holden with 
pride, Prosperity is often a lulcious poifon. It bloats 
and puffs men up with an overweaning opinion of 
themfelves. It intoxicates the mind, and makes it 
drunk with ielf- conceit. It prompts people to idolize 
themfelves, and contemn others. The intolerable ar- 
rogance of the Babylnnifli monarch, what was it ow- 
ing to but his vait and uninterrupted fuccefles ? He 
meafuretl his merit by the length of his purfe, and 
challenged a veneration proportionable to the extent of 
his dominions. This vile, rank weed, thrives in the hotr 
beds of honour, wealth, and carnal pleaiurc. Where- 
as it might never have reared its head, in the colder 
climate of tribulation, or icantinefs of circumftances. 

Once more, worldly proiperity is frequently a per- 
nicious evil, bccaufe it renders men carnally iecnre. 
It cafe- hardens the mind againfl all the threatenings, 
and makes it deaf to the invitations of heavenly 
wifdom. It is a ftupefyinjr potion, and lulls the foul 
into a fatal forgetfulnefs of everlalHng things. Thofe 
that were lufty and ftrong, in our Saviour's days, 
joined with the impious multitude in dcfpifing the 
veiled Divinity. But thole who were diicalcd in 
their bodies, or difordercd in their minds, with ea- 
gerpeis fell proftrate at his facrcd feet, and implored 


Ltrt. 17. o F L E T T E R S. 357 

bishealinghand. P*rfrJ[cnt,rrifi peril jfcnti You can- 
not but have obferved various proofs of this remark 
in the con He of your miniftry. You mufl have feen 
many pcrlbnsthat rejected all your counfel, and would 
none of your reproof, while they walhed their fteps 
in hotter, and the rock poured them out rivers of oil. 
But how teachable were thcie once refractory world* 
lin^s, how willing to hear the coniblations of the 
goipel, when their fenfible delights were perifhed and 
gone f How dcfiroiis to be informed of a happineis in 
the heavens, which facleth not, when their carnal 
plealbres had made them (elves wings, and were flown 
away ? In the gaiety of their health, and abundance 
of their plenty, they were iettled upon the lees of 
fupinencfs. But when the fcene was (hiftcd, they 
cried out with vehemence, What mud we do to be 
faved ? This 1 raylelf have frequently remarked in the; 
fhort compafs of my experience. Men who were like 
an iron iinew in their Horn idling condition, have been 
impreflible as melting wax in a reverie of fortune. 

We lee then, that the profperity of this world is 
always dangerous ; ofreYi pernicious ; and too fre- 
quently deltruftive. It yields pleaiures that infatuate ; 
fweets that are impoifoned ; delights that ftupefy. 
Infomuch, that a Heathen could fay, Niliil infclicius 
iilo, cni nihil infelix conti^it. 

Here it may be afkcd, Are we to take no comfort 
in our portion on earth ? mufl: we become gloomy 
and melancholy, and go mourning all our days ? 
Far, far from it. Religion allows us, religion enables 
us, religion requires us to be joyful. Yea, it gives 
its faithful adherents to rejoice with joy uufpeakable, 
and full of glory. But then it is founded on a prin- 
ciple vaflly fuperior to that which you, Sir, thought 
ft to fingle out and dilplay. It fprings from a fource, 
and re(h on a bafts, that has no manner of dependence 
on worldly circumstances. Which reminds me of 
another point I am engaged to clear up, viz. 



Thetrue nature of fcriptural profperity. Thefcrp- 
ture is a. Ipiritual fchcme. Spiritual goods arc what it 
chiefly recommends, and from fpiritual evils it chiefly 
deters. Chrift's words are fpirit ; tending'to make men 
not carnally minded, but ipiritually minded ; to ren- 
der them ipiritual in their underftandings, their affec- 
tions, their conduct. Iniomnch that one need not 
fcruple to affirm constantly, That the holy fci ipture 
never calls that flate a ftate of profperity, which is 
not grounded on the favour of God ; nor ever en- 
courages people to rejoice in any thing, till they are 
reconciled to God, interested in Chrift, and renew- 
ed by the Holy Ghoftj which, 1 think, confiitnte the 
fcripturai profperity ; I am fure, are the ground-work 
of ail happinefs. Firft, for reconciliation to God. 
His favour is better than life. Life itfelf is worthlefs, 
and, coniequently, all its enjoyments, without this 
prime fundamental blefling. For this caufe, the Prince 
of Peace bled to death, that the hand-writing of guilt 
might be blotted out ; that the wrath of God might 
be appealed ; and that we who were enemies, might 
be brought near through his'blood. This is the door 
to all good. Enter in by this gate, O ye fons of men, 
or elfe you will inevitably mifcarry in your fearch 
after felicity. If you feck for blifs, and bottom not 
your expectations on this rock, you are Jure to be dii'- 
appointed of your hope. I can no more have true 
comfort in any pofieflion, till 1 have redemption through 
my Redeemer's paffion, than that unfoitqnate captive 
could rejoice in the royal banquet that was before him, 
when a ponderous fword, edged and unfheathed, was 
hanging by a ilender thread, and fhaking every mo- 
ment over his head. An intereft in Chrift. This is 
another pillar to fupport our felicity. Therefore, our 
blefled Lord, directing us in the way to our true 
good, fays, Seek ye firft the kingdom of God, and 
his righteouinels. The everlafting kingdom of hea- 
ven as the end, and the imputed rightcftufnefs of 


Let. 17. o LETTERS. 

Jcfus Chrift, as the way Till the one is our aftual 
poileifion, and the other our certain revedion, we 
may look for real fatisfaclion, but fliall find none. 
Apply to all the creatures ; rifle all their charms ; tafte 
all their fweets ; you will perceive them to be alto- 
gether lighter than vanity itfelf, without an union 
with Chrift, and an eflablifhment in his merits. Re- 
novation of mind, is another ingredient of the pro- 
fperity delineated in fcripture. Till the foul be fanc- 
titied, it is in a ftate of grievous dilbrder ; like a body, 
all whole bones are out of joint. And, oh ! what 
joy can be tafted in iuch a condition ? Till divine 
grace have the afcendant witfiin us; till the kingdom 
of God be fet up in our hearts ; we are in bondage 
to corruption. Vile affeclions domineer over us. The 
devil and our own lufts play the tyrant in our breads. 
"We are like flaves under a galling yoke, and like 
lepers under a noifome diftemper. Therefore the 
PJalmift fays, When i awake up after thy likenefs, I 
fhall be fatisfied with it. Till thy image be rc-in- 
ftamped upon my heart, I never expecl to fee good. 
While we are in the bond of iniquity, we mufl in- 
fallibly be in the gall of bitternefs. 

This is the prosperity celebrated in the fcriptures. 
Of this every believer is a partaker ; and you will 
pleafc to remember, that every exhortation to rejoi- 
cing, which we meet with in thofe infpired books, are 
addrcffcd to fuch perfons only. They give net the 
leaft invitation to any one, no nor the lead licence, 
to reft fatisfied, much lefs to rejoice, till they are 
brought into fuch circumftances of reconciliation with 
heaven, and renovation of mind. Nor have you, 
Sir, any warrant to fay to yourfelf, or your people, 
Soul, take thine cafe, eat, drink, and be merry, bc- 
caule thou haft much goods laid up for many years. 
This is the Epicure's creed. The lively orncles bear 
their teftimony againft fuch conclusions. They ft'yle 
all the unregeneratc, fools. And to fuch, worldly 


3*a A COLLECTION Let. 17. 

abundance is not matter for mirth, but matter of ruin. 
For the prosperity of fools mall dcitroy them. Be 
they grand as Nebuchadnezzar, in as much ailluencc 
as ^ha/Herns, honoured as Herod was by the applaud- 
ing multitude, yet every page of fcripture fays to 
them, as 'Jehu to jforam's mdfenger, What halt thou 
to do with peace ? And, however fome imooth- 
tongued preacncrs may iiatter and cajole them in their 
pomp ; however they may propheiy imooth things, 
and iblicit them to rejoice on luch a footing, as the 
Lord has not made a ground for rejoicing ; yet an 
apoftle beipcaks them in very different language : Go 
to now, yc rich men, weep and howi. The Teacher 
lent from God has other tidings to tell them, Wo 
unto you that are rich, that are full, for ye have your 
coniblaticn, ye fhall hunger hereafter. And, in ano- 
ther world, they may hear this awful admonition 
Ibunding in their ears, Son, remember that thou in 
thy lifetime receivedlt thy good things ; thy good 
things, thofe which thou accountedll good, not that 
really were good, but only appeared fo, to Ihy dif- 
tempered judgment, and vitiated taftc. 

Surely, Sir, it mull have been perfectly prudent, 
or rather abfolutely neccflary, to caution your au- 
jdience againft fo fatal a miftake ; efpecially fince they 
confilt of the gay, the grand, the pleafurablc. A vi- 
gilant minifter would certainly give them to under- 
Hand, that wealth and plenty is, by no means, the 
profperity which the Spirit of God commends ; that 
joy, without the loving-kindnefs of the Lord, is a 
mere chimera ; that none are entitled to this medi- 
cine of life, but thofe who can lay their hand upon 
their hearts, and fay, with a faith unfeigned, My fins 
are all forgiven, through the atonement of the flaugh- 
tercd Lamb ; my peace is made with the eternal God, 
and the Spirit of Jefus Chrift dwells in me. This is 
that which juflifies, which produces joy. Then, in- 
deed, and not till then., the wife man's advice may be 


Let. 17. OF LETTERS. 361 

thy practice : Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, 
and drink thy wine with a merry heart, f#r God now 
acccpteth both thee and thy works. Then thoti 
mayil take comfort in thy earthly accommodations, 
as Ib many little appendages of thy bliis ; not as the 
efTence which conftitutes it ; but as the cement, which 
fervcs to fi!l up lame little interfaces, and renders the 
whole fomewhat more compact. And even, in this 
cafe, our bleflcd Mailer (who bid his diiciples not to 
rejoice, becaule the devils were iubjecl unto them, but 
becatile their names were written in heaven,) would, 
probably, caution us not to rejoice, becaufe we have 
all worldly things copiouily to enjoy, but becaufe we 
are pardoned, we are juitified, we are fandlified. 

Upon the whole : Suppofc worldly proiperity was 
not oftentimes a moft mifchievous evil, which it un- 
doubtedly is ; fuppofe it was a fubftantial ground for 
Curiflian rejoicing, which it really is not ; fuppofe 
this was the fcriptural profperity, which notion is, I 
truft, fufficiently difproved ; in a word, fuppofe the 
whole tenor of your doclrine to be true, whereas it 
fcems to be palpably falfe : yet what good, in the 
name of wonder, can you polfibly propofe by fuch 
preachments ? You cannot but be fenfible, that we 
are all llrongly addicled to inferior things. We are 
already too fond of worldly goods, too impetuous in 
our purfuit of fenfual gratifications. We want, we 
extremely want a curb to check our career, and you 
clap a fpur on our (ides. You employ your eloquence 
as a provocative, in a cafe that cries aloud for rcftric 
lives. Alas ! Sir, you have no occaiion to pufh the 
headlong torrent 1 But I have done with this point ; 
have nothing more to add upon this head, unlefs it 
be to recommend to your fcrious confideration, that 
alarming verdict, pronounced by infinite wifdom, He 
that liveth in pleaiure, is dead while he liveth ; dead 
to God, dead to grace ; a dead Chriflian, though a 
Jiving animal. Compare, Reverend Sir, this dcclara- 
Vci.. V. N* 24. Z z 

362 A COLLECTION Let. 17. 

tion with the tendency of your doctrine. Then, I 
afliire myfelf, you will not redden with indignation 
at thcfe plain remonftrances ; but rather (as I mould 
in your cafe) turn pale with grief, at your patt teach- 
ings ; and tremble with fear, for the confequences of 

Thus much for your divinity : Now, Sir, if you 
plcafe for your logic. We have canvaiTcd your doc- 
trine ; let us next coniider the argument, with which 
you eflablifh it. This is, if pollible, ten thouland 
times more exceptionable than the tenet itfelf. For 
after having told your audience, that the carnal de- 
light, which you fo earneftly prefs to take, is agree- 
able to the reafon of things, is confonant to the de- 
figns of providence, you think proper to add, that it 
is alib countenanced by our Saviour's example; fince, 
at a certain marriage- fcaft, when the wine fell fliort, 
he wrought a miracle, and furnilhed them with a frcfh 
fupply on purpofe, That the mirth might not die. 
This was your expreffion. And, furely, a more fliock- 
ing one never came from a preacher's lips. Was ever 
fo abject and fcurvy a reafon affigned, for one of the 
rnoft illuftrious actions ? Could any debauched liber- 
tine, at a drunken club, have derogated more contu- 
jnelioufly from the dignity of our Lord's behaviour ? 
Jefus, the mirrour of purity, the fountain of wifdom, 
of whom it is teflified. That he did all things well ; 
this wife and glorious Being is reprcfented, not by an 
abandoned fot, but by a minifter of the gofpel, as 
exerting his omnipotence to prolong a merry bout. 
O ! that it might not be told in Gath, or publifhed in 
the ftreets of ^Jkelon ! But -fugitirrevocabile verbum; 
you cannot revoke the words. The only reparation 
you can make to the injured Jefus, or the offended 
Chriftian, is to give us a fermon of recantation, and 
antidote the poiibn that has been propagated. 

But, 1 would hope, it is too grofs to ipread. That 
mjrth may not die, is an aflertion that muft fhrtlc 


Let. 17. o F L E T T E R S. 363 

every hearer. Why, this a common vintner might 
have prevented, as well as an almighty Being : a few 
flafks from the tavern would have anfwered this end. 
Molt ignoble purpofe ! unworthy, altogether unwor- 
thy fo auguft, divine, and admirable a perfon. O ! 
what a handle does this yield to infidels for prophanc 
banter ! That Jefus mould defcend from the heaven of 
heavens, and come into the world, vetted with un- 
controllable power, on fo poor, grovelling, and fordid 
an errand ! That a part of his bullncfs, in the ftate of 
humanity, {hould be to guard againft the extinction of 
fiich idle mirth, as owes its birth to a bottle ! The 
ibldiers that (tripled our Lord of his apparel, and 
mocked his facrcd perfon ; that fpit upon his blcfTed 
face, buffeted his divine head, and loaded him with 
all manner of fcurrilities and indignities ; did not com- 
mit (in my opinion) fo flagrant an abuie, as a modern 
preacher in one of his ftudied folemn harangues. They 
took him to be a mere man ; they pronounced him- a 
vile man j and, therefore, offered him fuch opprobrious 
affronts. But you, Sir, acknowledge him to be God ; 
you know him to be infinitely wife, and yet make 
him a lackquey to the molt errant trifles, a drudge to 
mens carnal indulgencics. Suppofe both our houfes 
of parliament, after the matured deliberation, {hould 
employ the whole army of the nation, to clear away 
all obftruclions for a butterfly in her flowery range, 
<>r to fee that a filly kitten goes on unmokfled in her 
fportive gambols ; would you extol the wifdom of our 
fenators ? would you not cry lliame upon their con- 
duel: ? Now, your affertion is full as depredatory to 
the consummate prudence, and exemplary purity of 
our divine Mailer : lince you fet them both on work, 
joined with his irreliftible might, only to furnifh out 
' a little more gaiety, a little more laughter, to a fet of 
caroufers, whom you dcfcribe as pretty well in for it 

That the mirth might not die ! That is, That thofe who 

Z z 2 were 

364 A COLLECTION Let. 17, 

were already made merry with liquor, might go on in 
their jovial delights, till they added dninkenneisto their 
third. For when people arc thus exhilarated, to take 
frefh draughts, and pour down more wine, mull in- 
deed make them, as a profdfrd icorner profanely ex- 
prelTes himfclf, on this very occafion, more than half 
feas over. So that when you give an evafive flonrilh 
or two, and would have your hearers to believe, that 
you are no advocate for intemperance, it is plain, 
you are only complimenting the cauie of fobriety. 
This interpretation put upon our Lord's conduct, 
knocks all inch (ham pretences on the head. For, if 
he wrought the miracle with fuch a view, and for 
fuch fort of people, all the world cannot clear him 
from being a promoter of exccfs ; and if he did not, 
all the world cannot acquit you, Sir, from the mod 
abulive mifreprelentations of your Redeemer. 

That the mirth might not die ! What could a lewd 
rake have done at his riotous table, worfe than that 
which you afcribe to the pattern of all perfection ? 
My blood grows chill : my thoughts recoil at ib hor- 
rid a poiition. Any gentleman of tolerable feriouf- 
nefs, when he perceives his friends are got merry 
with his drink, would rather withdraw the glafs, than 
add fewel to the flame. For my part, I fhoukl think 
myfelf an abettor of excels, and little better than a 
pimp for debauchery, if when men are merry in their 
cups, I fhould fupply them with means of driving on 
the wanton humour. And yet, be amazed, O ye 
heavens, and be horribly afraid, Dearth ! Aminifter, 
in the midfl of a thronged congregation, charges this 
very practice upon the mofl immaculate Lamb of God ! 
O ! Sir, how could he who came to be our ianctifica- 
tion, adminifter to our inordinate gratifications? how 
could he who has injoincd us not to make provilion for 
thefleflito fulfil the lufts thereof, be inftrumental to con- 
tinue a luxurious revel ? O blefled Jefus, furely that 
is fulfilled which was fpoken by thy prophet, Thou 


Let. 17. OF LETTERS. 365- 

art wounded in the houfe of thy friends. Thy cha- 
racter is debated, thy doctrines adulterated, by thoi'e 
who profefs themielves adorers of the one, and ex- 
pounders of the other'. O ! that ever the Chnfhan 
pulpit mould become a porch to the temple of Bac- 
chus ! and a ChrilHan preacher act the part of a pur- 
veyor for the tippling- houic ! 

Do you intend to pleaic, Sir, or to profit your au- 
dience, by theie admonitions ? You can pleaic none 
but men of corrupt minds, whofe God is their belly, 
who mind earthly things. You can profit none but 
thole, whofe heaven is to be found in the juice of the 
grape. They can iervc no other end, but to give a 
ibrt of Canction to their extravagancies. Your lec- 
tures, perhaps, may be recollected with applauie on an 
ale-bench, and pleaded among a circle of jolly topers. 
But I allure you, Sir, they are heard by the ferious 
and devout, with the utoioft ibrrow, and with equal 
deteftation, Their ears are wounded, and their hearts 
bleed, under the found of fuch Bacchanalian doctrines. 

May I now be permitted to declare my Centimcnts, 
with regard to that paffage of icripture, 'which you 
have Co unhappily perverted ? 

As to the mii th you leem Co fond of, there is no 
mention of it in the Cacred narrative. For Chrift went 
not about to fpread the laugh among his company, 
but to make them Cerious, Cober, and wife unto Cal- 
vation. If he vouchfafed his prcfencc at entertain- 
ments, and Cat at .the tables of finners, it was with 
a gracious clefign of inlh-ucting and converting them 
in their own houfcs. He came to featts in the fame 
Cpirit, and for the Came purpoies, ns he came into the 
world ; to turn poor mankind from darkncis unto 
light, and from the power of Satan unto God; Co that 
none can imagine, whtn he was in the room, that 
there could be anything like that licentious divcrlion, 
which too generally prevails in our merry meetings. 
Jfthcy did rejoice, they rejoiced, doubtkfs, after a 


3 66 A COLLECTION Let. 17. 

godly fort. They rejoiced in the precious and in- 
flructive words, that dropped from Chrift's Jips, as 
fWects from an honey-comb. They rejoiced to have ib 
divine a prophet railed up unto God's people, and to 
have the honour of fo illutlrious a perfonage amonglt 
them. They rejoiced, without all peradventure, to 
fee, and hear, and handle the word of life. 

As for that exprelfion, which we tranflate well 
drunk. M6uja-j, profane wits, 1 know, raile mighty 
triumphs upon it : but, in truth, they are -#/'i/- build- 
ings, and proofs of nothing but their own folly. 
They thereby give us to underftand, that their want 
of i'enfe is as unqueftionable, as their malignity to 
Chriftianity. For, iurely, they mull be full as errant 
idiots, as they are fhamelefs lots, who can offer to 
fetch the leafl fhadow of a plea for riotous indulgen- 
ces from this paflage. Since, let the meaning of the 
word be ever fo loofe and exceptionable, yet nothing 
can be concluded from thence, againft the ceconomy 
and decorum of that entertainment, becaufe the go- 
vernor fpeaks only of the ufual cultom. at other treats. 
He fays not a word, good or bad, of the guefts that 
were prefent at that bridal- feftival. It muft, there- 
fore, be not only precarious, but ridiculous and ab~ 
furd, to infer the diforderly proceedings of thofe 
people, from what the ruler obferves concerning o- 
thers. I once was acquainted with a worthy gentle- 
man, who frequently invited to his table the young 
perfons of his neighbourhood ; and.would take a plea- 
lure in infilling or cultivating in their minds the prin- 
ciples of fobricty, induftry, and piety. Now in cafe 
he had faid, after fupper was removed, kt I know 
very well, my honeft neighbours, it is cuftomary with 
fome perfons of fortune, both to pleafe and pride 
themfelves in making their viiitants drunk. They 
pufh the glafs briikiy rouifxl, and prefs one bumper 
upon another, till they fend their guefts daggering to 
bed." But, now, would any one be fo ftupis, as to 


Let. 17- OF LETTERS. 367 

infer from this acknowledgment of the practice of o- 
thers, that this was alfo the practice of my friend ? 
Yet this they may do, with as much juftnefs and fo- 
lidity of reafoning, as deduce any maxim in favour of 
excefs from the fpecchof the slrchitriclinus (or mailer 
of the fcaft ) 

Evident, 1 think, it is, that this exprellion, what- 
ever be its exact import, is in no wife referable to the 
condition of thofe guefts ; Ib that we allow our adver- 
iaries too much advantage, by admitting any of their 
remarks upon its fignirication. We mould wreft this 
weapon out of their hands, which they brandifh ib 
formidably, rather than guard agninft its ftrokes. 
But in cafe it was applicable to them, yet it is moft 
monftrous, to fuppoie it fignificant of the lead devia- 
tion from temperance. For had we not known the 
company to be of the moft exemplary behaviour, and 
heavenly-minded fpirit; had they been a parcel of ir- 
religious and lewd fellows, inftead of the virgin-mo- 
ther, and the Redeemer's difciples, yet it would be im- 
potfible to conceive, that any thing which had the 
lead approach towards furfeiting and drunkennefs 
mould be tolerated, when Jefus himfelf was in the 
midlt of them. Before ib venerable and divine a per- 
fon, they would not dare tfo allow themfelvcs in any 
miibecoming indulgences, or indecencies of carriage. 
Bcfidcs, had their inclinations been ever Ib abandon- 
ed or impetuous, his eternal power and Godhead 
would have retrained them. He that intimidated 
the facrilegious rabble, when they profaned the tem- 
ple, and drove them before his fmgle fcourge ; he that 
ftruck proftrate to the ground, a whole band of armed 
men, only with his word ; he that had all hearts in his 
hand, and could manage them as lie pleated ; would, 
doubtlefs, have forbid, at this junfturc, whatever 
"bordered upon diffolutenefs. 

Should any one inquire, For what caufe then did 
Chrift work this miracle, if not to revive the dying 

mirth I 

368 A COLLECTION Let. 17. 

mirth ? I anfwer, ieveral noble reafons are affigriablc 
and obvious. 

One ; To furnifh a fupply for frefh guefts, which 
on thole occalions were continually pouring in ; that 
the feaft might be prolonged to its ufual period, and all 
that came might be moderately refrefhed. For 1 can 
by no means imagine, that this frefli fupply was in- 
tended for thofe who had cheared themielves already 
with a fufficient quantity. This indeed is what your 
ibrmon takes for granted, or elie your application of 
this fad: is frivolous and impertinent. But 1 promiie 
mylelf, when you give it a fecond consideration, you 
will wonder, how lo unworthy a thought could come 
into your mind ; and be forry, that it ihould ever 
proceed from your lips ; flnce it is fo entirely repug- 
nant to the whole character, conduct, and preaching 
of our Lord Jefus. 

Another reatbn might be, To reward the married 
pair, for their hofpitality to himfelf and his followers : 
To give early notice to the world, that none mould be 
lofers by (hewing kindnefs to him or his : That every 
piece of refpecl paid to Jeitis, and every kindnefs cx- 
ercifed towards his family, mould meet with a full re- 
compenfe of reward. Thus did he prepare an exten- 
five fund for thofe, who had forfaken houfes, lands, 
relations, and their earthly all, for his fake ; prep ire 
a fund for their fubfiftence, by difpofing people to en- 
tertain and accommodate them, when they Ihould be 
fent forth, without ftatf, or icrip, or money in their 

Another caufe, and that which is remarked by the 
holy hiftorian, was, To manifeft forth his glory ; to 
give a moft confpicuous difplay of his Meffiahfhip. 
He opened, as it were, his commiftlon, and fliewed 
his divine credentials : which was done with perfect 
propriety, in a public manner, before more fpeclators 
than his own attendants : And whatever effect it 
might have upon others, it confirmed the faith of his 


Let. I?, o F L T T E R S. 369 

difciples. Seeing this incontestable proof of his million* 
it is laid, They believed on him ; and were thence- 
forth inviolably attached to his perion and miniftry. 

Other rcafons may be fuggelled, and thofc exceed- 
ing found and tifeful ; fuch as point out a noble and 
deep iignificancy in this miracle ; make it rich with 
divine and Ipiritual meaning ; and, upon this footing* 
a more delicious feaft for our fouls, than wines of the 
fincit flavour, and mod generous quality, are to our 
animal nature. 

For inftance ; it might fignify the fuperior richnefs 
of thole comforts^ which his goipel was introducing 
into the world : That they exceeded thofe broached 
by Mofes and the law, as much as the pure blood of 
the grape excells the water of our common wells : 
That his flefh and blood would be a fovereign fource 
of alacrity and conlblation to his people ; gladden 
and revive their hearts, like fome exquitite cordial ; 
ftrengthen'and invigorate their minds, like the beft- 
bodied wines. 

This particular feafon of a marriage-ceremony, was 
probably chofen, in order to intimate the neceffity of 
being efpoufed and united to Chrift, before we can be 
partakers of thefe evangelical delights. Divorced we 
mult be from our old huiband, the law ; divorced 
from the covenant of works ; and no longer wedded, 
by ielf-opiiiionativenefs, to our own righteoufneffes ; 
but married, by the bond of a lively faith, to that 
cvcrlaiting Bridegroom, in order to taftc thole com- 
forts, and have our (hare in thofe joys. 

A reaibn fixed upon by our church is, That Chrift 
would hereby put an honour upon the matrimonl! 
ftate ; by gracing the folemnity with his {acred com- 
pany, and performing his firlt public miracle on this 
. occafion. A fine admonition this, to render us more 
than ordinarily folicitous, to have the favourable con- 
curence of jcfus, both when we devile, and whert 
we take, ib important a ftep. Becaufc the 

VOL, V. N 24. I A 

370 A COLLECTION Let. 17. 

lity and happinefs of our fubiequent life depends, very 
much, on this alteration of our condition. That we 
Ihould, by all means, marry in the Lord ; and im- 
plore his fpiritual gracious pretence at the wedding ; 
which will improve the advantages, and fanclify the 
enjoyments, of that comfortable ftate ; will, as it is 
delicately figured out in the metaphor, turn our wa- 
ter into wine. 

It might alib be intended to remind us, That the 
comforts, even of animal life, were recovered by the 
ieconcl Adam, as they were forfeited by the firft Adam* 
When our firft parents were guilty of rebellion againft 
their Maker, they loft all right to the valuable pro- 
ductions of nature. This, indeed, was their dowery 
originally fettled upon them ; but by their difloyalty 
it became confiscated. Juftice ieized upon their in- 
heritance, and vengeance laid, Curfed be the ground 
for your fakes. Chrift, in this exigency, immediately 
intcrpofed ; took off the attainder, and reftored to 
poor Adam and his pofterity, the precious fruits of the 
earth. Thefe bleffings, derived from Chrift 's media- 
tion y were very properly recognized at a wedding \ 
becaufe, ftraightway after the marriage of the firft 
couple, they were alienated and fequeftered. 

This, Sir, is a way of expounding our Redeemer's 
miracles, well worthy your confideration, if not your 
imitation. In this light they appear, not barely fo 
many witneifes of his being the Melfiah, but fo many 
living mirrours of his mediatorial mercies. In which 
we difcern a moft expreilive figure of thofe fpiritual 
good things, which we extremely want, and may ful- 
ly enjoy thro* Jefus Chrift. The marvellous things 
brought to pafs by the agency of prophets, apoftles, 
nnd holy men of old, were indifpntablc vouchers for 
their being lent of God. But our Redeemer's works 
had a farther excellency, and anlwcred a diviner end. 
They held forth and prefented, even to the fenfes, a 
moft ftriking pattern of thofe fpiritual blcflings, which 


Let. 17. OF LETTERS. 

finners may enjoy thro' their Saviour. Thus, when 
he cured the man born blind ; what did this fignify 
but his healing the blindneis of our understandings,, 
and pouring the day of his glorious gofpel upon our 
internal light ? When he made the poor paralytic 
ftrong and vigorous, that was not able to turn himfelf 
on his bed, or to u-fe his limbs ; what a lively emblem 
was here, both of our difeafc, arid his fovercign help ? 
Of our difeaie, whereby we are utterly impotent to 
do a good work, or think a good thought : of his 
ibvcreign help, whereby we are enabled to do all things, 
through Chritt Strengthening us ; enabled to believe 
through his grace, and to mortify our corruptions 
through his Spirit. Was not the filthy leper, a true 
pi&urc of our loathfoinenefs, through original defile- 
ment, and actual tranfgremons ? and when our Re- 
deemer difclained not to touch this noifome creature, and 
make him perfectly clean ; how appofitely did this 
image point out the condefcenfion of his goodnefs, in 
undertaking our redemption ; and the efficacy of his 
blood in accomplifhing our purification ? 1 might 
go through the whole feries of our Lord's miracles, 
and dilcover in them a mod fignificant and complete 
portraiture of all manner of ipjritual bleilings. But the 
foregoing instances {hall Suffice. From theie hints, we 
may difcern an adorable depth of defign ~ 3 unfearcbable 
treafures of contrivance, as well as beneficence, inthofe 
operations of his mighty power. Which noble pecu- 
liarity gives them a vaSt pre-eminence above all the 
miracles in Egypt, and the wonders in the field of Zoanj 
renders them ib many fine reprefentations of the de- 
liverances and privileges, enjoyable through our ever- 
blefTed Immanuel ; in a word, renders them a kind of 
gofpelthat addrcllesitfclf even to our eyes ; and ib mod 
, -wifely calculated, both to direct our hopes, and itrength- 
-cn our faith, in the incarnate God. 1 am, &c. 

3 A 2 L E T- 


Madam^ Bath, 1743. 

AT Bath 1 have tarried thus long, but purpofe to 
fct forward for my father's houfe, if I live till 
next week ; and if I have as good a journey thither, 
fis I had to this place, \ lhall have caufe to be very 
thankful to that gracious Providence, which blefles 
our going out, and our coming in ; which protects 
us from wrong and robbery ; from evil accidents 
and dangers as with a fhield. 1 hope you, Madarn, 
and Mr - :, are well ; and mould rejoice to hear of 
your both being partakers of that which I wilh you 
to enjoy ; and none can be faid truly to enjoy health, but 
thofe who improve it to the purpofe : all others wafte 
health ; embezzle it ; fquander it away ; all but thofe 
\vho ufe it, as a precious opportunity of making the ir 
calling and eleclion lure. We have had moll delicate 
weather for the harveft a bleffing, which I don't 
doubt has been vouchfafed to you as well as to us ; an 
univerfal bleffing! andfuchaswill prove very extenfive. 
"We (hall feel the good eftech of it, all the year round, 
when winter freezes the air, and turns the earth into 
iron, or buries it under heaps of fnow. We (hall be 
refrefhed even then with the productions of the fruit- 
ful ieafon, O! that our hearts may be filled with 
gratitude, as our barns are with plenty. The harvdt 
puts me in mind of the end of the world \ then our 
bodies mail arife out of the dufl of the earth ; having 
lain a while under the cleds and fecn corruption, they 
will then fpring up incorruptible and immortal, an 
amazing multitude, like the blades of grafs, or the 
ears of corn, innumerable. 

The huibandman in harveft, receives a reward for 
all his toil. The labours of the preceding year are 
amply recompensed by the rich fruits of increaie. 
And the confummation of all things will be the great 
retribution-day j then the Chriftian receives the end 

Let. 19. o F L E T T E R S. 373 

of his faith, even the falvation of his foul ; then the 
riches he has coveted, will be bellowed in the favour 
of the feeing him who is immortal, invifible ; whole 
loving-kindnefs is better than life. He will fee the de- 
fire of his foul, and the fruits of his Saviour's fuffer- 
ings, and fit down everlaiHngly fatisfied. The hufband- 
man rejoices in harveft,, this is his time of feftivity 
and delight. They joy before thee, faith the fcrip- 
tures, according to the joy of the righteous ; they 
will look up and rejoice, to behold thek Redeemer 
coming in the clouds of heaven, and all the holy an- 
gels with him ; then will they look down and rejoice 
to fee the wicked world burning, in which they were 
tempted ; rejoice to fee all their enemies put under 
their feet ; and when the doors of heaven are left open, 
then mall they enter triumphantly into that city of 
the living God, and everlaiting joy will be upon their 
heads, and reign with Chrift for evermore. Into this 
exceeding great and eternal blifs, I wifh you, Madam, 
and your huiband, an abundant entrance, and remain 
his and vour, &c. 


Dear , ffefton-Favell, 1744- 

IPromifed -. to fend the remainder of her let- 
ter, in a few lines to you. Either me may tran- 
ilribc from you, or you from her, in order to com- 
plete the little effay. i left off, 1 think, fomewhere 
hereabouts. But Jpiritual inter efts arc infinitely more 
valuable. For thole, therefore, Chrilt will provide 
more abundantly : if they want knowledge, he will 
not only give them his divine word, but his enlighten- 
ing Spirit, to lead them into all tiuth. If they are 
poor, he will give them the fine gold of his obedience : 
he will fay to them as the father fain in the parable, 
Son, all that I have is thine. Are they wounded ? he 


574 A COLLECTION Let. 19. 

will give them the healing balm of his precious blood ; 
this will cure the won ml which fin has made in the 
foul ; and make the bones which have been bioken, 
to rejoice. Arc they naked ? he will clothe them with 
the robe of his own rtghteoufne& ; they fhall appeal- 
before the God of gods in the garments of thi* their 
elder brother. Arc they weak ? his ftrength fliall be 
made perfect in their weaknefs ; he will work in them 
both tc will and to do of his good pleafure. When 
they die, he has provided a flight of angels to attend 
their departing fouls, and conduct them to his own 
compafiionate arms ; he has provided maniions of glory, 
a houfe not made with hands, eternal in the heavens, 
for their future reception. He has provided a fulneis 
of joy and pleasures for evermore, for their final por- 
tion and inheritance. 

Oh 1 what ample provifion is here ! this is indeed 
good mcaiure, prcfTed down, and fnaken together, and 
running over- What can needy creatures want, which 
Jefus does not fuppiy ? Jultly was it once laid by an 
eminent believer, Jehovah Jireh, The Lord will pro- 
vide. Let this be the language of our hearts in all 
our needs. 

The hen comforts her winter-brood ; fhe fcreens 
them from the inclemencies of the weather. She 
fpreads out her wings, and forms a canopy over them ; 
this affords them a houle to lodge in, and a bed to 
ilccp on ; no velvet is fofter, no blankets are warmer ; 
here they are cherilhed and refreihed ; here they find 
heat when they fhiver with cold, are dried when they 
come dropping with wet. 

Jefus allb comforts his poor people ; he, is called the 
c onfolation of IJrael : Come unto me, lays the merci- 
ful Redeemer, ail ye that labour, and are heavy laden, 
and I will give you reft ; all ye that are weary, and I 
will refrefh you. He is afflicted in all their affliction*, 
and is as ready to fuccour them, as a man is to ailay 


Let. 19. o F L E T T E R S, 375- 

the anguim of his own fmarting fiefh. He is the good, 
the inconceivably- good Shepherd, whofe bowels yearn 
with the tendered compaffion, when his lambs are fa- 
tigued or diftrtfled ; he even lays them in his bofom. 
Every thing but Jefus {peaks terror, and creates 
difmay to his little flock. But this compaffionate 
Shepherd leads them forth befides the waters of com- 
fort. The world lays many a fnare for their feet ; the 
world peribcutes and hates them. In the world they 
inuft have tribulation ; but Chrift fays, Be of good 
cheer, I have overcome the world, and will make 
you partakers of my victory ; becauie I have conquer- 
ed, ye (hall conquer alib. The law lays dreadful 
things to their charge ; the law is the miniftration of 
condemnation ; the law thunders out threatenings : 
they are rebels, fays that righteous law ; they have 
traufgi effed my precepts ; they deferve to iuffer ail 
the curies denounced againft the diibbedici-t and un- 
godly. But Chrift gently whifpers, Be of good cou- 
rage, my people, take fan&uary in your Mediator, I 
have anlwered all the demands of the law : if it re- 
quires punilbment, i fuflained torments unutterable ; 
if it infifts on blood, I fatisfied it with divine blood ; 
with every drop of my heart's blood ; fo that there is 
no condemnation to them that nre intereited in me. 
If it called for righteoufnefs, I fubmitted to its autho- 
rity ; I performed every jot and tittle of its commands, 
and thereby brought in a perfect and everlafting righ- 
teoufnefs. Lay hold on my obedience ; receive this 
from my free grace, and the law has nothing more to 
charge againft you ; for the rigiiteonihefs of the law- 
is fulfilled in them that believe, though the devil 
tempts and diflrefles the children of Jeius. He not 
only tempts, but accufcs them, aggravating and calling 
.aloud for vengeance ; cries, Down with them, clown 
with them, even to the duft. But Jcfus gracioufly 
fteps in, baffles the a.ccufation, arrefts the judgment, 
and fays, 1 have died to favc them from poing into 


576 A COLLECTION Let. 19. 

the pit ; for I have found a ranfom ; if they have iin- 
ued, I have taken them upon myielf ; if they have 
multiplied tranfgrellions as the fiars of heaven, my 
Father hath laid on me the iniquities of them all. 
They arc my redeemed ones ; they are bought with 
my blood. I cannot lofe my purchaie ; if they are 
not laved, I am not glorified. 

Such fweet truths lent home upon the poor foul, 
muft be very comfortable and reitorative to the droop- 
ing firmer j more refrclhing and gladdening to the 
conicience, than the feathers of the hen are to her 
feeble ftarving brood. 

Upon the whole, let us imitate the chickens, by 
trufting in Jelus for all we want or wifh ; let us lean 
upon our Beloved in all our progreis through this 
wildernels ; expect to be furnifhed entirely out of his 
fulnefs ; look for protection from his almighty arm. 
Depend upon provifion from his inexhauftible trea- 
iures ; and for comfort, from a growing fenic of our 
intereft in him. 

Let this be the habitual language of our heart. 
BlelFed Lord, 1 am weak and wretched, furround- 
ed by a multitude of dangers, and defiled by a 
thouland corruptions, O defend me by thy eter- 
nal power. Let thy almighty arm be over me. 
Let thy Holy Spirit be ever with me ; never 
leave me to my enemies ; never give me up to my 
own blindnefs and impotency, for I flee unto thee to 
hide me : on thee I depend to break every fnare of 
temptation that endangers me from without, to mor- 
tify every feed of corruption that pollutes me from 
within. 1 am poor and needy, blelfed Jeius, do thou 
provide for me. .Since I muft one day give an account 
of myfelf to God ; let thy blood wafh away my guilt, 
and drown all my tranlgrefiions. Since I muft, ere 
long, ftand before him whofe eyes are as a burning 
fire, O ! clothe me with the robes of thy righteoufneis, 
the garments of falvation, that I may be holy and 


Let. 20. OF LETTERS. 377 

blamclefs in his fight. Since I muft quickly die 
of this miferable world, provide me an entrance into 
thine own everlafHng kingdom ; and while I continue 
in this world, provide me with grace fufficient for me, 
that I may live like thine eled, and adorn the gofpel 
of God my Saviour. 

I am often diftrefied ; mifgiving thoughts and an- 
guifh of mind, makes me hang down my head like a 
bulrufh. Through fear of death, and dread of eternal 
judgment, my joints are fometimes ready to fmite one 
againft another ; but O ! holy and mod merciful Sa- 
viour, be thou my ilipport. Pour the oil of gladnefs 
into my inner man ; give me the joy of thy falvation : 
the law condemns me, but do thou juftify me ; my 
own confcicnce writes bitter things againfl me, but do 
thou whilper to my foul, Be of good cheer, thy fins 
are forgiven thee. The roaring lion often terrifies 
me ; but O ! thou good and faithful Shepherd, let 
thyfclf comfort me. Let me know and feel, that 1 
am thine, and then nothing (hall pluck me out of thy 

This was wrote before my late illnefs. You fee from 
hence, that you my friends at Biddeford have been 
on my thoughts, though they have not of late been 
addrelTed by way of letter ; and I (hall always fay, 
that whether we are fick or in health, the Lord Jefus 
Chrift may be the ftrenth of our hearts, and our por- 
tion for ever. I am, f^c. 


Dear , 

IT is our duty continually to fing hofanna to the King 
of Ijrael, who treadeth all enemies under his feet. 
He can tread them down like clay in the ftreets, or 
caft them out as lightning from heaven. Nothing is 
impoffible to him ; they who know Chrift's faithful- 
VOL, V. N 24. 38 ncfs 


nefs and truth, will put their truft in him ; they will 
hang upon him every moment, as the feeble child in 
the arms of the indulgent mother, for grace to 
flrengthen and enable them to withstand the devices 
of that enemy of fouls, who is feeking every moment 
to dcftroy the weak believer, the babes in Chrift. 
Satan fays, with that wicked one in Exodus^ I will pur- 
fuc them with inconceivable malice and rage, 1 will o- 
vertake and tear them in pieces like a lion ; 1 will lay ten 
thoufand fnares in their way, and if it be poflible, bring 
them under the dominion of fin, and after that into 
the damnation of hell. The believer replies, Thou 
vvouldft effect this, O thou enemy of all godlinefs. I 
know thou wouldft effeft it with as much cafe, as a 
feather is borne down by a fweeping whirlwind, was 
I left a moment to myfelf; but my ftrength do I afcribe 
unto my incarnate God. The bleffed Jefus has under- 
taken for my fecurity ; he watches over me every mo- 
tnent, and nothing can pluck me out of his hands. 
He hath faid, who (hall difannul it ? that fin mall not 
have dominion over me ; he will preferve me by his 
almighty power unto falvation. Let all my adverfa- 
t ies know affurcdly, that my lafety is not in myfelf. 
But as the hills (land round about Jerujalem, even la 
ftandeth the Lord round about his people, from this 
time forth for evermore. 

Whoever attempts the ruin of a foul that is ftaid 
on jefus, muft wrench the fovei eignty from the hand 
of Omnipotence, and caufe unftiaken faithftilnefs to 
.fail. So long as all things in heaven and earth, and 
under the earth, do bow, and obey the Lamb that 
was (lain ; fo long as ChrSft is a God unchangeable, 
and faithful that cannot lie, fo long (hall a poor feeble 
worm that trufts in him, be fecure from apoftafy ant} 
perdition. O ! the bleilings, the comforts that fpring 
from a right knowledge of Jcfus ! Richer bleffings I 
cannot wifh ! greater treafures I cannot enjoy nor pof- 
fe|s. This, this alone is that knowledge which St 

Let. 21. OF LETTERS. 379 

Paul valued above all other accomplifhments or acquire- 
ments ; in comparifon of which, he counted all things 
elie no better than drois or dung. O ! let my dear 
Biddeford friends beg of the Father of lights to fend 
out the Spirit of wifdom and revelation, that I may 
be filled with the knowledge of him, and of Jems 
Chrift whom he hath fent ; and in return both they 
and you, my frieilds, may be allured of the moft 
hearty and repeated prayers of 

Your fincere friend, 


ffSefton-Favell, November 16 1745. 

IT is not eafy to exprefs the fatisfadlion I received 
from your agreeable and uleful converfation this 
afternoon. I rejoice to find, that there are gentlemen 
of genius, learning, and politenefs, who dare profef$ 
a fupreme value for the fcfiptures, and are not alha- 
med of the crofs of Chrift. I congratulate you, dear 
Sir, on this occafion ; and cannot but look on a mind 
fo principled, and a heart fo difpbfed, as a very choice 
and diftinguifhing part of your happineis. Was I to 
frame a with for the deareft and m oft valuable friend 
on earth, I would earneftly defire, that he might grow- 
daily in this grace, and increafe in the knowledge of 
our Lord arid Saviour Jeius Chrift. And when my 
pen begs leave to alfure you, that this is my unfeigned 
with for , it only tranici ibes what is deeply writ- 
ten on my heart. 

This brings the dedication and the preface, which 
are to introduce a little eftliy, entitled Meditations a- 
mong the tombs, and Reflexions on a flower-garden, 
-in two letters to a lady. I hope, Sir, in conlequcncc 
of your kind promife, you willpleaie to perufe them 
with the file in your hand. The (everity of the critic,, 
and the kindnefs of the friend, in this cafe, will be in- 

382 Icparable. 


Separable. The evangelical ftrain, I believe, muft be 
preierved ; becaufc, otherwiie, the introductory 
thoughts will not harmonize with the fubiequcnt ; the 
porch will be unfuitable to the building. But if you 
perceive any meannefs of cxpreffion, any quaintneis 
of ientiment, or any other impropriety and inelegance, 
I (hall acknowledge it as a very fingular favour, if you 
will be ib good as to difcover and correct: iuch blc- 

I hope, Sir, my end in venturing to publifh, is an 
hearty defire to ferve, in fome little degree, the inter- 
efts of Chriftianity, by endeavouring to fet fome of 
its moft important truths in a light, that may both en- 
tertain, and edify. As I profeis this view, I am cer- 
tain, your affectionate regard for the moft excellent 
religion imaginable, will incline you to be concerned 
for the iffue of fuch an attempt, and therefore to con- 
tribute to its fuccefs, both by bcftowing your ani- 
madverfions upon thefe fmall parts, and by fpeaking 
of the whole (when it (hall come abroad) with all that 
candour which is natural to the Chriftian, and will be 
fo greatly needed by this new adventurer in letters, 
who is, 



Dear S/r, ffefton-Favell, Nov. 19. 1745. 

Cannot forbear making my grateful acknowledge- 
ments for your mod obliging letter. You could 
not poffibly have imagined any thing more agreeable 
to my inclination, than the propofal you are pleafed 
to make of admitting me to your acquaintance and 
converfation. I accept your kind offer, Sir, withthank- 
fulnefs, with joy ; and (hall moft gladly cultivate a 
friendfhip, which is not only perfectly innocent, but 
remarkably elegant and improving, Efpecially, fince 
you arc pleafed to permit the difcourfe to turn upon 
thofe points, which it is my duty to ftudy, and my 


Let, 22. OF LETTERS. 381 

delight to contemplate. Nor (ball I forget, how much 
I am indebted to your condefceniion for this favour ; 
but (hall ahv ys bear a refpectful fenfe cf the diftin- 
guiihed rank, and fuperior abilities of my worthy 

Indeed I am particularly delighted with fuch inter- 
views, as ferve to enlarge our knowledge, and refine 
our affections ; fuch as have an apparent tendency to 
render us more ufeful in our prefent ftations, and to 
ripen us for future happinefs ; fuch was that which I 
lately enjoyed in your company. This is a feaft: of 
reaibn ; a feaft of truth ; and, 1 muft own, has charms 
for me, infinitely fuperior to all the impertinent a- 
mufements of modi(h chat, or the mean gratifications 
of the bottle. 

When 1 have been afked to fpend an afternoon with 
gentlemen of a learned education, and unqueftionable 
ingenuity, I have fancied myfclf invited to take a 
turn in fomc beautiful garden ; where I expected to 
have been treated with a fight of the moft delicate 
flowers, and moft amiable forms of nature : when, to 
my great furprifc, I have been (hewn nothing but the 
moft worthlefs thiftle, and contemptible weeds. To 
one who has fo often been difappointed, it muft be 
peculiarly pleafing to find the iatisfaction which he has 
long fought in vain. This I make no doubt of ob- 
taining, if I may be permitted to be a third perfon in 

the interview, when you arid Mr fit together in 

focial conference. 

1 beg leave to return my thanks for your ingenious 
remark upon a fentence in the efTay towards a pre- 
face ; and alfo to exprefs my entire fatisfaction in your 
motion for confidering more attentively the fpiritual 
intcrefts for the poor patients in the holpital. At pre- 
-fent, it is undeniably plain, that much more afli- 
duous and effectual care is taken of their temporal, than 
of their eternal welfare. With pleafure I mall join 
in concerting fomc proper method to rectify this mif- 


332 A COLLECTION Let. 23, 

condutf, and with a real alacrity fliall execute (as far 
as I mall be enabled) any expedient which you (hall 
judge conducive to the recovery and health of their 

I almoft repent, that my pen has intruded, perhaps, 
in the midft of important buiinefs, and ilole fo much 
of your valuable time. But now I have done : and 
{hall only repeat, what agreeable views I form from the 
profpecl: of your future acquaintance, and what an 
addition it will be to my happinefs to be owned and 
regarded, as, 


SIR, Wefton-Feeuell^ Dec. 17. 1745. 

T Admire your remarkable regard for truth, and that 
noble greatnefs of foul, which fcorns to 1'aci ifice 
confcierice to intereft, and cannot ftoop to receive 
temporal honours on luch ignoble terms. Your con- 
duel; reminds me of a moil amiable peculiarity in the 
upright and religious man's character, as it is drawn 
by the infpired writers ; with which you cannot but 
be particularly pleated, as it fo exactly correfponds 
with your own ; fuch a one, fays the royal preacher, 
feareth an oath ; fuch a one, adds the fweet finger of 
Ifrael, fpeaketh the truth from his heart. 

The thirty-nine articles I have more than once fub- 
fcribcd ; and as I continue ftedfart in the belief of them, 
as you are pleafed to afk my opinion relating to fome 
ieemingly- exceptionable tenets contained in them, I 
mod readily fubmit it to your consideration ; not, Sir, 
in the capacity of a cafuift, who would attempt a fa- 
tisfaclory anfwer to your queftions ; but only under 
the notion of a fincere friend, who would freely dif- 
clofe his whole foul, and entertain no one fentiment, 
but what mould be communicated to a valuable ac- 

" You are a good deal puzzled about the equality 

" of 

Let. 23. o F L E T T E R S. 

" of the Son with the Father, in Athanafius's fenfc." 
I own, it is no wonder, that we ihould be fome- 
what daggered at this myfterious truth ; eipecially if 
we indulge a wanton curiofity, and inquire after the 
quomodeity of the doctrine ; if nothing will content our 
bufy minds, but a clear comprehenfion of this parti- 
cular, they will never be brought to acquietce in this 
article. But, if they dare venture to believe the ex- 
prefs declarations of infinite wifdom, and wait till a 
future (late for a full evolution of the myftery, their 
alfent will foon be determined. 

1 once thought a very ftriking proof of this fcrip- 
tural doctrine might be derived from the known pro- 
perties of a mortal child, conlidcred in comparifon 
with the parent. Is not the fon as perfect a partaker 
of all the conftituent parts of the human nature as 
the Father ? Are not the children of this age pofTefF- 
ed of the fame endowments of body and mind, as 
their fathers in the preceding age ? Whatever cfTen- 
tial excellencies belong to the one, may with equal 
truth be predicated of the other. And if the ion, 
in this our inferior world, be in all points equal to his 
progenitor, why fhould we not fuppofe, that the o-lo- 
rious Son of God is equal, in all refpefts, to his a! T 
mighty Father ? 

But I chufe to forbear all fuch fond endeavours, to 
explain what, to our very limited apprehenfions, is 
altogether inexplicable. 1 rather receive tcripture for 
my teacher, and give up my icntiments to be formed 
and conducted by that infallible guide. In fcripture 
there are abundance of texts, which, in the mod ex- 
plicit terms imaginable, afiert the Son to be God. 
JNow, if he be God, he cannot have any fuperior: in- 
feriority evidently dcftroys divinity : inferiority, in 
any inftancc, is inconfiltent with the notion of a fu- 
preme Being. So that every text in fcripture which 
afcribes a divine nature to the blefled Jcfus, feems to 
all that Athanajw maintains, concerning the ab- 


384 A COLLECTION Let. 23. 

folute, univerfal equality of the Son with the Father. 
In what refpects can the Son be fuppofed inferior 1 ? 
Arc not the fame honours given to the Son as are 
paid to the Father ? The Pialmift mentions two of 
the incommunicable honours which arc due to the 
fupreme Majefty. Both which, he declares, are, and 
{hall be, addrdfcd to the Son : Prayer mall bt; made 
ever unto him, and daily (hall he be praifcd. This 
adorable perfon is the object of our worfliip through- 
out the whole litany. In the doxologies of our li- 
turgy, the fame glory is afcribed to all the three infi- 
nitely-exalted pcribns of the Trinity. 1 take notice 
of this, not as a conclufivc argument, but only to 
hint at the uniform judgment of our reformers on 
this important head, and to point out then particular 
care to inculcate, with inceifant afliduity, this belief 
upon the members of their communion. Are not 
the fame works afcribed to the Son, as are aicribed to 
the Father ? God, the fovereign and fupreme God, 
(according to the periphratis of a Heathen poet, Cui 
ni lii L fi mile ^ autjccundum,} often declares his matchlcfs 
perfections, by referring mankind to his aftoniihing 
works of creation. And is not the Son the Creator 
of the univerfe : All things were made by him, is the 
teftimony of one apoftle ; and, Heupholdeth all things 
by the word of his power, the depolition of another. 
Is not the fame incommunicable name applied to the 
Son ? Jehovah is allowed to be a name never attributed, 
throughout the whole fcripture, to any being, but only 
to the one living and true God ; who only hath im- 
mortality, who hath no fuperior, none like him in 
heaven or earth. But this title is the character of the 
incarnate Son. If we compare Moj'cs and St Paul, we 
(hall find that Chrift is Jehovah, Numb. xxi. 6. with 
I Cor. x. 9. This argument, I think, is not common ; 
and, I muft own, has had a great influence in fettling 
my judgment, ever fince I was apprifed of it. Ano- 
ther proof was fuggcftcd in the morning- leifon for the 


Let. 23. OF LETTERS. 385 

day, If. xlv. 23. compared with Phil. ii. 10. It is 
the Lord in the prophet, that infinitely- wife God who 
manifefteth, even from ancient time, the dark and 
remote events of futurity ; who peremptorily declares, 
that there is no God befides him, confequently none 
fuperior in any degree to him ; yet this moft facred 
perfon, who in the prophet's text has the attributes of - 
incomparable perfection and unftiared fupremacy, is, 
in the apoftle's comment, the Redeemer. 

I fancy all thofe texts of fcripture, which feem to 
you, Sir, fo diametrically oppofite to this doctrine, 
will, upon a renewed examination, appear referable 
only to the humanity of our .Saviour, if fo, they can- 
not affect the point under debate, nor invalidate the 
arguments urged in its fupport. 

After all, I believe, here lies the grand difficulty. Son- 
fhip, we take for granted, implies inferiority. Sonftiip 
implies the receiving of a being from another ; and to 
receive a being is an inftance of inferiority. But, dear 
Sir, let us reprefs every bold inquiry into this awful fe- 
cret ; left that of the apoftle, . ^ f ap*.i* t^e^^a,, be the 
lighteft cenfure weiucur. What is right reafoning,whea 
applied to the cafe of created exigence, is little leisthan 
blafphemy when applied to that divine perfon, who is. 
from everlalting to everlafting, the great I AM. The 
generation of the Son of God is an unfathomable myf- 
tcry. A prophet cries out with amaze, Who can de- 
clare his generation ? and if we cannot conceive it, 
how can we form any conclufions, or determine what 
conicquenccs follow from it ? --Here it becomes us not 
to examine, but to adore. If we know not how the 
bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child, 
how (hall we be able to ftate the nature, or explain the 
effects of a generation, inexpreflibly more remote from 
..our infinite apprehensions ? 

Upon the whole ; iince the fcripture has given us 
repeated and unqueltionable aflurances, That Chrift 
is God ; fince common fcnfe cries aloud againft the 

VOL. V. N 24, 3 G ablurdity 

386 A COLLECTION Let. 23. 

abiurdity of fuppofing a God, who has a fuperior ; 
fliall we reject inch pofitive evidences of revelation, 
and be deaf to the ilrongeft rcmonttranccs of our 
reaibn, merely becaufe we cannot conceive, how the 
Sonfhip of the Redeemer can be compatible with an 
abfolute equality, in all poflible perfection, to the Fa- 
ther ? 

It need not be hinted to , that this doctrine of 

the Divinity, conlequently of the equality, of the fa- 
crec] TRI- u N E, is not merely a ipeculative point, but 
has a moil dole connection with practice ; and is ad- 
mirably fitted to influence our lives, in the molt power- 
ful and endearing manner. That it is no lefs inlepa- 
rably connected with the grand bleilings of acquaintance 
from the guilt, and delivery from the bondage of fin ; 
blellings of unutterable and infinite value, without 
which the children of men are of all creatures molt 
milcrable ; which yet we cannot reafonably hope to 
enjoy, if any of thole illuftrious pcribns concerned in 
accomplishing the great redemption, be fuppoled lefs 
than divine. 

The i8th article, you add, is another objection to 
me, which begins thus, They allo are to be had accur- 
ied, &c. This, as you obferve, leems harm. Yet the 
harflmefs is not ours, but the apoftle's. I imagine, 
this is no more than a tranfcript of St Paul's awful 
and folemn declaration, tranfmitted to the Galatian 
converts, and denounced againft their corrupting 
teachers. Be pleated, Sir, to perufe attentively that 
whole infpired letter, andcfpecially toconfiderchap. i. 
verfcs 6, 7, 8, 9. r l hen permit me to appeal to your- 
felf, whether our article prof dies any doctrine, which 
is not clearly eliablifhed in that molt excellent epiftle ; 
or whether our church ufes more levere terms, than 
the apoftle thinks proper to thunder put, in that me- 
morable palfaye ? But might not this doftrine have 
been -alliateda little, or the tremendous fanctionfome- 
what foftened ? lJoj we mutt not add to, or diminifh 


Let. 23. OF LETTERS. 387 

from,, our inviolable rule. A faithful fteward of the 
divine myfteries, niuft declare the whole will of God, 
in its full extent and latitude ; together with the fear- 
ful confequences of prefumptuouily oppofing it, as 
well as the blelfed effects of cordially receiving it. 

I am not furprifed, that this procedure ftartles fome, 
and offends others. St Paul feenis to have forefeet-) this 
event ; and therefore apologizes for nimielf, fhall I fay ? 
rather declares his unalterable resolution of perfilting 
in this practice ; q. d. I am ienfible, that fuch teach- 
ings will be far from palatable to too many of my 
hearers ; 1 am aware alio, that to threaten the divine 
anathema on every oppofer of this doctrine, will be 
flill .more offenfive. But lhall i defift on thefe corifi- 
derations ? fhall I accommodate the flandard doctrines 
of heaven to the depraved tafte of the age ; or be fo- 
licitousto make them fquarewith the favourite fchemes 
of human device, only to avoid creating difguft in 
fome minds ? No, verily: I preach what unerring 
wifdom has revealed, not what capricious man has 
dreamed, (p?< r*t>* e^n/i Te, *, e^ov;) and therefore dare 
not vary one jot or tittle from my high orders. My bu- 
finefs is principally to pleafeGod by a faithful diicharge 
of my commiffion, not to ingratiate myfelf with men, 
by modelling my doctrine in conformity to their hu- 
mours ; (?? apTi5 a^Mn -,) and therefore I muft, I 
mult deliver it, jufl as I received it. 

But why do I offer to illuftrate thefe texts ? Your 
own meditations, I perfuade myfelf, will difcern, 
much more clearly than I can reprefent, that the com- 
pilers of our articles are no other than the echo of St 
Paul: or rather that they only fet their leal to the doc- 
trines of Chrift, which he taught ; and approve that 
verdict of heaven which he has brought in. This con- 
jfulcration will acquit them from the charge of harfh- 
jiefs of expreffion, or uncharitablencfs of fentiment. 

Your objections thus proceed. I believe that every 
one will be favcd, who acts up to the befl of his know - 

302 ledge. 

388 A COLLECTION Let. 23. 

ledge. I almoft durll venture to join iflue with my 
friend upon this footing ; and undertake to prove, from 
this very polition, the univerfal necelfity of believing 
in Chrift for i'alvation. Becaufe, I think, it is indii- 
putably certain, that there is no man living, who has 
in ail points acted up to his knowledge : and if he has 
fwcrved, in any inltance, from his known acknow- 
ledged duty, how fhall he efcape punifhment, with- 
out an atonement ? Video mtliora proboque, deteriora 
fcquor-) is what the moll vigilant and upright of mor- 
tals have, at ibme unhappy moments, felt to be true. If 
fo, how fhall they Hand before that righteous God, 
who will not accquit the guilty, without an interelt in 
the great expiation ? But, I prefume, your propofi- 
tion is to be taken in a more qualified fenfe ; it means, 
that thole who fincerely, though not perfectly, in the 
main courfe of their life, and as far as the infirmities 
of a frail nature admit, act up to their knowledge ; 
that thefe (hall be faved, even without their applica- 
tion to the merits of a Saviour. If this opinion be 
true, I own, it mult be very unfafe to fubferibe our 

When this point is in difputc, I apprehend, we are 
to confine it to thofe who live in a gblpci land, where 
opportunities of knowing the good will of God pre- 
fent themielves every day, every hour. As for the 
Heathens, who lye under unavoidable and irremedi- 
able ignorance of the blefTed Jcrfus, they are out of the 
queftion. They, I think, fliould be remitted to God's 
unfearchable wifdom and goodnefs. There may be 
uncovenantcd mercies for them, which we know no- 
thing of. It feems to be a daring and unjuRifiable 
rafhnefs, for us to determine one way or the other, 
with regard to their final ftate. This, however, is 
plain fi om the oracles of revelation, that it will be 
more tolerable- for thole poor Gentiles in the day of 
eterml judgment, than for thofe inexcufable infidels, 
who have heard and dilbbeyed the glorious gofpel. 


Let. 23. o F L E T T E R S. 389 

The controverfy ther. concerns thofe only \vho have 
the Bible in their hands, or the voice of the preacher 
founding in their religious afTemblies every fabbath- 
day. Thefe, dear Sir, I cannot think will inherit fal- 
vation, though they act with ever fo much fincerity, 
according to their knowledge, unlefs they add to their 
knowledge, faith. 

Perhaps, what we call their knowledge, is no bet- 
ter than downright and wilful ignorance : the light 
that is in them is darknefs. Perhaps, they never took 
any pains to get tbemielves informed in the gloiious 
peculiarities of the gofpel. If fo, their conduct is one 
continued difobedience to the divine commands, which 
require us to feck for wifdom as for hid treafures ; which 
charge us to fearch the fcriptures (fptuvv) as narrowly, 
as induftrioufly, as the fportfman learches every fpot 
of ground, beats every taft of grafs, in order to Mart 
the latent game. In this cafe, what we call their know- 
ledge is really blindneis itfelf ; and their want of true 
knowledge cannot be their plea, becaufe it is evident- 
ly their neglect and their fin. 

But fuppofe thefe perfons have fearched the fcrip- 
tures, and yet are perfuaded, that there is no fuch 
need of a Saviour's merits. Shall we condemn them 
in thefe circumftances ? We do not prcfume to fit as 
their judges, or to fcatter at our pleafure the thunders 
of eternal vengeancr ; we only declare, what fentence 
is paifed upon them by the fupreme Difpenfer of life 
and death. He has made it an adjudged cife, he has 
patted it into an in epeaia'jle law, Thai whoibbclieveth 
not in the Son of God, whofoevcr perverfely perftfts in 
feeking fome other method of falvation, and will not 
flv to that Redeemer whom infinite Wifdom has fet 

- , 

forth for a propitiation, rhis man is condemned already. 
Will it be faid v That a man cannot help affcnt- 
ing to wimt he is thoroughly perfuaded to be right ; 
And if a , )ei(t from his very foul believes, that mo- 
rality alone is the way to life ; and that the notion 


35 A COLLECTION Let. 23. 

of a Redeemer, to make fatisfaction, and procure 
juftification, is a religious chimera ; fliall we blame 
luch a one for following the genuine dictates of his 
mind ? I anfwer, (till I anfwer, That we muft abide 
by the determinations of that fovereign God, whofe 
judgments we are fure is according to truth. He has 
laid, nor can all the cavils and fophiftry in the world 
fuperfede the decree, He that belicvcth not, (hall be 
damned. Be not (hocked, Sir, at the feeming ievc- 
rity of the doom. Rather let us be mocked, be great- 
ly aftoniihed, at the prodigious hardinefs of thole 
more than fteely hearts, which can attend to fuch ter- 
rors of the Lord, and not be perfuaded to come to 
Chrift ; nay, what is enough to make heaven and 
earth horribly amazed, can hear of thefe terrors, and 
yet regard them no more than a puff of empty air. 

Nor will it extenuate the crime of unbelief, to allege 
in behalf of the infidel, that he is actually convinced, 
in his own confcience, that his ientiments are right. 
He may be fo ; and yet be inexcufably guilty not- 
withftanding : for is it not owing to his own fault, 
that he has imbibed fuch fentiments ! Is it not through 
bis own criminal mifconduct, that he has contracted 
iuch a perverfe habit of thinking ? Has he not indul- 
ged fomc darling vice, which has eloudcd his under- 
(landing ? Or inllead of obeying the great mandate 
of heaven, This is my beloved Son, heai* ye him ; 
has he not attended iblely to the arguings, deductions, 
and difccrnment of his own reaibn, as his only guide 
to heavenly truth ? A drunkard verily thinks, (if he 
thinks at all,) that he does nobly in committing infults 
on quiet harmlefs people. But will his bare thinking, 
that he acts gallantly, acquit him at the bar of equity ? 
Perhaps, in his prefect condition he cannot help fan- 
cying, that his actions are becoming, and that he 
tloes well to be turbulent and outrageous ; but though 
he cannot help th effect, might he not have avoided 
the cauie of his phrenzy ? Methinks, this companion 


Let. 23. o F L E T T E R S. 391 

will hold good, if applied to the cafe of many (corn- 
ers of the gofpel ; who think contemptuously of Jefus 
Chrift, and who really apprehend they do nothing a- 
mifs in depredating his obedience and death. But I 
fear, they have brought upon themfelves this deplo- 
rable delirium or intoxication of their underftandings, 
either by voluptuoufnels and debauchery, or elie by 
felf-conceit, and the mod odious arrogance of mind ; 
which, in the eftimate of the Holy One of/frae/, is no 
better than fpiritual idolatry. 

For my part, I am allured, that God has vouch* 
fafed us the means of obtaining the knowledge of him- 
felf, and of Jefus Chrift, whom he hath lent ; it is e- 
qually certain, that he has commanded us to acquaint 
ourfelves with him, and be at peace ; it is no leis un- 
deniable, that whofoever feeks this ineftimable know- 
ledge, by a diligent application to the fcriptures, by 
a child like dependence on the teachings of the divine 
Spirit, by humble prayers to be led into all truth, and 
by doing the will of God, fo far as he is acquainted 
with it, whofoever leeks, by ufmg thele means, mall 
find, lhall come to the knowledge of the truth, and 
be laved. If therefore perlbns arc fo negligent, as not 
to ufc thefe methods ; fo audacious, as to contemn 
them ; Ib haughty, as to imagine they have no need 
of them ; they may juftly be given over to their own 
delulions, and yet be moft righteoufly punifhcdas iui- 
cides of their fouls. 

But ftill it is pleaded in vindication of the good-na- 
tured, civilized infidel. That there is no turpitude in 
his life ; that his behaviour is every way irreproach- 
able. As to the turpitude of his life, when compa- 
red with the converiation of other men, I have no- 
thing to fay : but furely, there is the hij/heft iniquity 
rn his principles and conduct, when compared with 
the revealed will of God ; which is the only criterion 
of truth, the only ftandard of excellence. God has 
commanded all men to honour the >on, even as they 


392 A COLLECTION Let. 23. 

honour the Father ; but thcfc people proteft againft 
the divine edict, and lay, with thole iuiblent liibjecls 
in the gofpel, We will not have this Jei'us to reign o- 
ver us. God has Iblemnly declared, 'I hat all mankind 
arc become guilty before him ; that by the works of 
the moral law, no ttelh living fliall be juftified ; that 
there is no Mediator between God and men, but the 
man Chrift Jelus ; but theie people maintain, in defi- 
ance of this declaration, that they themiclves are able 
to make up matters with their offended Creator; and 
can, by their own honeft behaviour, iecure a title to 
evcrlafting felicity. God, of his fuperabundant and 
inconceivably-rich goodnefs, has given his Son, his 
only Son to fuffer agonies, to med ulood, to lay down 
an infinitely-precious life for them ; yet thefe people, 
like thole impious wretches that crucified the Lord of 
glory, deride his agonies, trample upon his blood, 
and though he has redeemed them, they fpcak lies a- 
gainft him * Let us fee then a little part of the evi- 
dence fummed up againft the fpirit of unbelief. It 
implies flubbornnefs, which is as the fin of witchcraft ; 
rebellion, which is as iniquity and idolatry : it implies 
the mofl afTuming pride, which is an abomination to 
the Lord: it implies the vileft ingratitude, even amidll 
the moft unbounded beneficence ; and the voice of na- 
ture has poclaimed, higratumfi dixeris^ omniadixcris. 
Let the impartial confiderer decide, whether the 
heart of thefe perfons be right before God ; or whe- 
ther their conduct, when brought to the teft of that 
word which is to judge them at the laft day, be Ib 
onblameable as is frequently pretended. 

Enough has been faid of the two firft points; I fear 
more than enough to fatigue your attention. How- 
ever, I now draw in the reins, and promife not to put 
your patience upon doing fuch tedious penance any 

There is another expreflion in the paragraph rela- 
Hof. viii. 13. 

Let. 23. OF LETTERS. 393 

ting to the i8th article, which, fince you expect my 
undiiguiied opinion, i cannot dii'mifs without a re- 
mark. When the icriptures lay, that men (hall be fa- 
ved thro* the name of Chrifr., you fnppoie, Sir, they 
mean, that Chriil made a general atonement for ori- 
ginal fin. Whereas, I apprehend, that iuch texts im- 
port abundantly, I had aimoft laid infinitely more. 
Thus much 1 think, at leaft they muft amount to in 
their fignirkation ; that if we are faved from the guilt 
of our offences, it fhall be only through the all -ato- 
ning blood of the Lamb of God If we are made ac- 
ceptable to that awful MajeOy who dweileth in light 
inacccllible, this our julUtication fhall be in conlldera- 
tiou of the obedience and righteoufnefs of the beloved 
Son ; if we obtain the Spirit of iandification, are ena- 
bled to deny all ungodiinefs, and to live foberly, righ- 
teouily, and godlily in tnis preient evil world, it fhall 
be through the interceffton of Jetiis our great High 
Prieft, by whom alone the Holy GhoO: is vouchfafed 
to unworthy polluted finners. All this I take to be 
included in that word, of moft rich and cornprehcn- 
five meaning, falvation ; and flnce it is affirmed, that 
we are faved by, 1 fhould think, it miifl fignify, 
that we obtain all thefe glorious and invaluable bene- 
fits through that all-futficient Mediator. 

As to Chrift's making an atonement for original fin, 
that furely was but one fingle branch of his important 
undertaking : Wo, wo be to the inhabitants of the 
earth, if he did no more. OUT- a<5rual fins, the fins of 
our heart, the fins of our life, our fins of omiffion and 
Tins of commifiiori ; ami all thei'e fins, which are more in 
number than the hairs of our head, heavier with hor- 
rid aggravations than the fand of the fen, he bore 
in his own body on the tree. He was wounded for 
our offences ; he was bruUed for our tranigrefTions ; 
and the Lord laid on hi-n (not only the innate cicpra- 
yity, but) the actual iniquities of us all. 

Your ncx objection Jus agaiufl the igtb article, 
V. N 24. 3D namely, 

394 A COLLECTION Let. 23. 

namely, Works done before the grace of Chrift, are 
not acceptable to God: Js the meaning of this tenet, 
you afk, that men are made with a natural incapacity 
of doing any thing but iinful actions ? I anfwer, this 
is not io properly the meaning of the article, as a 
moft cogent reaibn to eftablHh it. Only let it be ftated 
a little more clearly, and 'it is no inconfiderable ar- 
gument in proof of the doctrine. Men were not made 
by their Creator with this incapacity, but they have 
brought it upon themfelves by their own fault. By 
their original lin they have contracted a moft miferablc 
depravity, and have made themfelves r P r *v />>< y e8 
aSo*.tv*t Since therefore we can do no good work, be- 
fore we are renewed by the grace of Chrift, it feems 
to follow, that we can do no work acceptable to God, 
till this renovation take place. This, you obferve, does 
not ieern fo agreeable to chanty, as one could wifh. 
"Worthy Sir, our notions of charity arc not to be the 
rule of the divine acceptance either of perfons or things. 
If the doctrine be agreeable to the declarations of un- 
erring wifdom, we are to admit it with all readincfs, 
and rather conclude, that we miftake the nature of 
charity, than that the fcripture miftakes the terms of 
the Almighty V acceptance and favour. You know, 
Sir, it is the exprefs voice of fcripture, thar without 
faith it is impoffible to pleafe God ; and till the Spi- 
rit of Chrift be (bed abroad in the foul, it pofleffes 
no fuch facred principle as true faith. It is a favour- 
ite apophthegm of our divine Matter's, That a cor- 
rupt tree cannot bring forth good fruit. And are not all 
that fpring from the Itock of fallen Adam, corrupt 
trees, until they are ingrafted into the true olive-tree, 
and partake of his meliorating and generous juices ? 
I (hall only mention one more fcriptural oracle ; an oracle 
delivered not from Dtlpfos, no, nor from mount />;#/, 
but immediately from heaven itfelf : This is my be- 
loved Son, in whom I am well pleafed I have always 
thoiignt thefe words are to be taken in an exclufive 

fenfe ; 

Let. 23. o F L E T T E R S. 395 

fenfe ; as though the everlafting Father had (aid, I am 
well pleafed with the apoftate race of Adam, only as they 
are reconciled through rny beloved Son : uninterefted 
in him, no perfons are the objects of my complacen- 
cy ; unrecommended by him, no actions are the fub- 
ject of my approbation. If this be the genuine fenfe 
of the paifage, it will ferve at once to confirm the ar- 
ticle, and to obviate the objection derived from the 
deficiency and remains of pollution, that cleave even 
to the performances of a believer. 

1 am glad you have fatisfied yourfelf with relation 
to the article, which touches upon predeftination and 
election. Thefe are fublime points, far above the fo- 
lutiori of our low capacities* But, for my part, I &m 
no more furprifed, that fome revealed truths fiiould a- 
rnaze my understanding, than that theblazingfun ftiould 
dazzle my eyes. That iuch things are mentioned in 
the infpired writings as real facts, is undeniable. I 
mould renounce my very reafon, if I did not believe 
what Omnifcience attefts, even though it ftiould imply 
what is altogether inexplicable by my fcanty concep- 
tions. And why fhould the incaverned mole, whofe 
dwelling is in darknefs, whofe fight is but a fmall re*- 
move from blindneis, why mould fuch a poor animal 
wonder, that it cannot dart its eye thro' unnumbered 
worlds, or take in at a glance the vaft fyftem of the 
univerfe ? 

Your fenfe of the 2oth article is exactly mine. The 
authority you mention, is, in my opinion, all the 
authority which the church, the rulers and governors of 
the church, can reasonably claim, or regularly exercife, 
in matters relating to faith. Thefe rulers have power, 
as you juftly obferve, to fettle, in conformity with 
what they conclude to be the meaning of fcripture, 
the nature and extent of their own creed ; and none, 
I think, can fairly deny them a right co determine, 
what points of belief fhall be the indifpenfable terms 
of enjoying communion with their fociety. But as 

3 D 2 for 

396 A COLLECTION Let. 24. 

for I know not what privilege of interpreting fcriptnre, 
in fueh a manner, as that it (hall he contumacy to exa- 
mine, before we credit, or heterodoxy and herefy to 
controvert their expolition ; this is an authority which 
1 cannot allow to any man, or body 'of men, now 
in the world. At this rate our faith would be built 
upon the decifions of the church, not on the deter- 
minari >ss of the infpired word ; and, consequently, 
be not of God, but of men. 

Could I have imagined when I fct pen to paper, that 
It Would have run fuch extravagant lengths ! Bear 
Xvith my prolixity, dear Sir, and excufcr my freedom ; 
or rather, if I have laid any thing in too free a ftyle, 
you muft charge it upon your own condefcenlion and 
candour, Which have emboldened me to deliver my 
fentiments without the lead cloak or refcrve. 

But I muft not, I dare not, clofe, without afting as 
becomes a minifter of the goipel ; without reminding 
my valuable friend, that the infpiration of the Almigh- 
ty givcth wifdom ; that a man can receive nothing, much 
lefs an acquaintance with the myfteries of the Redeem- 
er's kingdom, unlefs it be given him from above. 
To this Fountain of wifdom, and Father of lights, let 
us make humble, earnefr, daily application. Then 
(hall we fee the things that belong to our peace, and, 
as it is moft emphatically exprefied by the facred pen- 
man, know the truth as it is in Jeius. I am, &c. 


Deaf Sir, tFcfton-Favell, Jan. 10. 17 45- 6. 

HOW arduous, and how momentous, is the tafk 
you have afligned me ! A fenle of its difficulty 
and importance almoft deterred me from venturing 
io much as to attempt it. A cordial friendfhip infti- 
gated, and a conilioufnefs of my own incapacity 
checked, for fome time, my flucluating mind. At 
length the bias inclined to the fide oi the former ; my 


Let. 24. OF LETTERS. 397 

reluftance, urged by the requeft of a friend, gives 
way ; and now I am fully determined Determined, 
to what ? To enter the lifts againft the adversaries of 
the Trinity ? More particularly to appear as the chain- 
pion for the personality and divinity of the Holy Ghoft? 
With a view of reding the grand debate on the dex- 
terity of this pen ? No ; Sir, I form no fuch roman- 
tic ichemes ; I renounce any fuch undertaking 5 I am 
only determined to lay before you the thoughts which 
have occurred, flnce 1 have received your laft letter ; 
and this, on the condition of having them returned to 
the fecrecy of my cloiet, after you have parted your 
judgment, and beftowed your corrections upon them. 
in managing this controverfy, (hall I lay ? or ra- 
ther in puriuing this inquiry, it behoves us humbly 
to apply to the greaj Father of lights for direction. 
They fliall all be taught of God, fays the prophet ; 
this promife we mould humbly plead at the throne of 
grace, and, in chearful dependence on its accomplifli- 
ment, proceed to examine, with a modeft and re- 
verential awe, the myfterious points before us. Who- 
ever rejects this key, and yet hopes to be admitted in- 
to the treafures of heavenly knowledge, acls altoge- 
ther as imprudent a part, as if he mould expect to at- 
tain a mafterly (kill in mathematics, and at the fame 
time neglect to inform himfelf of the fir ft principles 
of that admired fcience. When a divine perion is the 
object of our confideration, then i'urely it becomes us, 
in a moreefpecial manner, not tolean to our own under- 
Handing, but, like little children, to rely on the teach- 
ings of that all- wife Spirit, whofe nature, dignity, 
and attributes, we would devoutly contemplate. You 
will, perhaps, take notice, that 1 anticipate what is to 
be proved ; and take it for granted, that the Holy 
- Ghoft is indeed God. I would only obftrve from this 
remark, how naturally we wifli, how almoft unavoid- 
ably we conclude, that perfon to be really God, who 
is appointed to lead us into all truth. 


398 A COLLECTION Let. 24. 

Let us now, Sir, if you ple-afe, addrels ourfclvcs to 
the inquiry, whether the Holy Spirit is a real perlon, 
whether that pcribn is very God ? and, thefe par- 
ticulars being difcufled, it may be proper to examine 
briefly the mod material of IVlr Towkins's objections. 
But to whom, to what (hall we apply, in order to 
find the fatisfaction we feek ? To reafon, and her 
naked unaffifled dictates ? Hardly can reafon guefs a- 
right with relation to the things that are before our 
eyes ; much leis can (he determine, with any certainty, 
concerning the unfearchable depths of the divine na- 
ture, thofe T<*/3enT0 t . We have in the word of reve- 
lation an infallible oracle. To this let us direft our 
fearch. To the decifion of this unerring ftandard, let 
us inviolably adhere ; however it may furpais our 
comprchenlion, or run counter to our fond prcpofTef- 

Here we may poflibly afk, Is not the Spirit of God, 
by a common metonymy, put for God himfelf I I 
own I have fometimes been inclined to hefitate on this 
queftion. When it is faid, My Spirit mall not 
always drive with man, and, Grieve not the Holy 
Spirit of God ; I have never thought thefe paflages a 
iufficient proof of the perfonality of the bleffed Spirit, 
though (if I miftake not) commonly urged in fup- 
port of the doctrine. Thefe, I apprehend, might fair- 
ly be interpreted of grieving God himfelf, and refitt- 
ing the tender gracious overtures of his mercy. Con- 
formably to that parallel form of fpeech, where it is 
laid by the infpired writer, Paufs fpirit was grieved, 
/. e. 'without all difpute, Paul himfelf was inwardly 

Again ; perhaps, the Spirit of the Lord may be no- 
thing more than a particular modification or exercife 
of a divine power refident in the Deity. For inltance, 
when it is faid, in the prophetic language, Not by 
might, nor by force, but by my Spirit, faith the Lord ; 
or by the evangelical hiflorian, The Holy Ghoft was 


Let. 24. OF LETTERS. 399 

upon him. Arc not thefe texts nearly equivalent, in 
point of fignification, to thofe fcriptural expreffions, 
The right hand of the Lord bringeth mighty things to 
pafs, The inipiration of the Almighty giveth under- 
Itanding ? Is not this the meaning of the former paf- 
iagc, Not mortal llrength, but God's omnipotent aid 
giveth victory in the battle, and fuccefs in every un- 
dertaking ; and this the import of the latter, The 
communications of infinite wifdom enlightened his 
mind in an extraordinary manner ? 

Were there no other fcriptures which concerned 
themfelves in this debate, I fliould be ready to give up 
the point. But there are feveral, which moft ftrong- 
ly imply the perfonality of the x Holy Ghoft, though 
they may not aflert it in pofitive terms. It is true, 
we meet with no fuch term as perfonality in facred 
writ ; but if we find the thing fignified, it is in effecl 
the lame. No one can (hew me the word refurreclion 
in the whole Pentateuch, but will any one prefnme to 
maintain, that this doctrine is not to be proved from 
the books of Mofet ? Our Lord's famous reply to the 
eninaring interrogatory of the Sadducees, mult for c- 
ver filence i'uch a fuggeftion. And this we may further 
learn from his method of arguing, that it is not only 
proper, but our duty, to deduce truths, by fair con- 
iequences, which the text rmy not explicitly fpeak. 

Bepleafed, Sir, to confider the apoftolical benedic- 
tion, The grace of our Lord Jefus Chrift, and the love 
of God, and the fellowfhip Of the Holy Ghoft, be with 
you all. If we allow the apoftle to wnderftand the 
true import of language, muft it not follow from this 
paflage, that the Holy Spirit is a real perfon.anddiftinct 
from the Father and the Son ? Otherwife, would not 
the facred writer, ought not the facred writer, to have 
exprcfled himfclf in 'a different manner ; to have iaid 
rather, The fdlowQiip of his, or the fellowfhip of 
their f'pirit ? The form of adminiftering baptifm is an- 
other text of this nature : In the name of the Father, 


400 A COLLECTION Let. 24. 

and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft. It is evi- 
dent ; I believe, it is allowed by all, that the two firft 
are real diftin& pcrions ; and is there not equal reaibn 
to conclude, that the laft-mentioned is a perfon alfb ? 
Suppoie you Ihould endeavour to diflinguifti three 
perlbns in your difcourfe, what other language would 
you uie than this ? 1 dare fay, Sir, you are fenfible, 
that one icripture-proof, if plain in its fignification, 
and incontestable in its evidence, is as valid, as decilive 
as one thoufand ; becaufe one iiich proof bears the 
ftamp of infallible wifdom and infinite veracity. There- 
fore,was there no other hint in all the infpircd volumes, 
but thele pregnant words which compofe the form of 
baptifm, this lingle proof would be fufliciently fatif- 
factory to my judgment. 

I fhall take leave to refer you to a few more evi- 
dences, and tranfcribe only the following : There are 
three that bear witnefs in heaven, the Father, the Lo- 
gos, and the Holy Ghoft, and theie three are one. 
But this, we are told, is a furreptitious text ; foiflcd 
by the bigotted efpoufers of a certain favourite let of 
doctrines. The only refource this of our oppofers, 
when their cafe becomes defperate, when conviction 
flafhes in their faces ; when every other fubter'fuge 
fails ; then the pretence of fpurious, and interpolated 
reading is trumped up. It is not to be found, they 
cry, in fome very ancient copy ; perhaps, the Alexan- 
drine MS. acknowledges no fuch palTage. But this I 
mud be allowed to queftion : I dare not take our ad- 
veriaries bare word ; eipccially, fmce fome of the de- 
clared enemies of orthodoxy are not the moft exem- 
plary for truth and integrity. However, granting that 
there may be no fuch text in the Alexandrine MS. for 
rny part, I mould not fcruple to abide by the uriiver- 
ial teftimony of all editions, in all countries, much 
rather than to give up my felf implicitly to the autho- 
rity of a fingle MS. I mould think it much more rea- 
fouable to conclude, that the tranfcriber of that par- 

Let. 24. OF LETTERS. 401 

ticular copy, had, through overfight, dropt fome fen- 
tence, rather than to charge all the other copies with 
forgery, and the editions of all ages with a grofs mil- 
take. Confider, Sir, not only the apparent difficulty, 
but the moral impoffibility of corrupting the facred 
books in that palpable manner, which this objection 
would infmuate ; at a time when every private Chi if- 
tian valued them more than life, and fpent no day 
without a diligent contemplation of them ; at a time, 
when each particular feel read them conftantly in their 
public aflemblies, and watched over the genuinenefs 
of each text with a moft jealous eye. Would it be 
an eafy matter to introduce a fuppofitious claufe into 
an ordinary will, after it had been iblemnly proved at 
Dotfors Commons, and one authentic copy preferved in 
the archives I If this is fcarce poffible, how much more 
unlikely is it, that any one (hould be able to praclife 
fo iniquitoufly upon the infpired writings, when not 
one only, but unnumbered copies were depofited in 
the moft: vigilant hands, and difperfcd throughout the 
world ? 

I (hall only defire you to confult thofe other fcrip- 
tures, Rom. xv. 16, 30. Johnwi. 13, 14, 15 which, 
without heaping together a multitude of other 
proofs, fcem to put the matter beyond all rational 
doubt. In the laft of thofe places, you will take par- 
ticular notice, that the writer fpeaks of the Holy 
Ghoft in the mafculine gender. How could this con- 
fift with propriety of ftyle, upon any other fcheme 
than ours ? The expreflion mould have been //, not 
he, if the Holy Ghoft were a divine energy alone, 
and not a real perfon. Nay, it is remarkable, that 
though niw/ be a neuter, yet the hiftorian varies the 
gender, and gives us a mafculine relative, 01** i\e 
iM.roj, E/.tivw ipt fotarn ; and on what principles can this 
* conilrudbion be accounted for, or jullified, but by al- 
lowing the Holy Spirit to be a peribn ? This, I think, 
is an obfervation of fomc confluence ; and, there- 
Voj.. V. N 25-. 3 E fore 

402 A COLLECTION Let. 14, 

fore, accurate writers fliould beware of nfing the word 
//, and rather chule the prououn /'/, when Ipeaking 
of this divine Being. 

The mention of .divine Being reminds me of our fe- 
cond lul'jeft of inquiry, viz. Whether the Holy Ghoft is 
very God ? Here 1 fhould be glad to know, what kind 
or degree of evidence will fatisfy the inquirers. If we are 
fo far humble and impartial as to prefer the declarations 
of an unerring word, to the preconceptions of our mind ; 
I think, there is mo ft fufhc ient proof afforded by the fcrip- 
tures. Whereas, if we bring not thei'e difpofitions to the 
iearch, it will be no wonder, if we are bewildered ; if 
we are given up to our own delufions ; nay, it will be 
no incredible, no unprecedented thing for God to 
hide theie myfteries from fuch (in their own opinion) 
wife and prudent ones, while he reveals them to (men 
endued with the fimplicityand teachablenefs of) babes. 

Is that Being truly God, who is pofTeffcd of divine 
attributes? This queftion, I imagine, every body will 
nfwer in the affirmative. So that if it appears, that 
the Holy Ghoft is inverted with the incommunicable 
attributes of the Deity, our affent will be won, and 
oar difpute at an end. Is it not the prerogative of the 
all feeing God, to fearch the heart, and try the reins ? 
Jer. xvii. 10. and is not this the undoubted prerogative 
of the blefTedSpirit ? I Cor. ii. 10. Is eternity an attri- 
bute of God, and of God only ? Dent, xxxiii. 27, v-ws 
t% a , *Bxv.r,,, i Tim. vi. 16. This is clearly the property 
of the Holy Ghoft, who is ftyled by the author of the 
cpiftle to the Hebrews, The eternal Spirit, Heb. ix. 14. 
Is wifcjpm, underived, effential wifdom, a charac- 
ter of God, called by the apofllc ^o <?w '*, Jude 25. ? 
This is the illuflrtous character of the Holy Ghoft. 
He is the Spirit of wifdom and revelation, Eph. \. \j a 
In confequence of which lacred excellency, he is able 
to lead his people into all truth Is Omniprefence a 
neceflary proof of Divinity I If Ib, the Holy Ghoft 
challenges it upon this claim j for thus faith the in- 


Let. 24. OF LETTERS. 403 

fpired poet, Whither (hall I go then from thy fpirit ? 
Pfal. cxxxix. 7 Is orrmipotencea fufficient atteftation 
of the Godhead of the Holy Ghoft ? He that enableth 
mortals to control the powers, to alter the courfe, to 
fupercede tlie fundamental laws of nature ; can he be 
kis than the Lord God Almighty ? Yet St Paul de- 
clares, that his ability to work ail manner of aftonifh- 
ing miracles, for the confirmation of his miniftry, was 
imparted to him by the Spirit, Rom. xv. 19. if any 
farther proof is demanded, be pleafed to confidcr, with 
an uuprejudifed attention, that very memorable paf- 
fage, Mattii. xii. 31, 32. Sorely, from an attentive 
coutideration of this text, we muft be conftrained to 
acknowledge, that the Holy Ghoft is ftrictly and pro- 
perly God. Otherwise, how could the fin agaloft him 
be of fo enormous a nature, fo abfolutely unpardon- 
able, and the dreadful caule of inevitable ruin ? St 
Paul, in his firft epiftleto \\\eCorinthians, (vi. 19.) ad- 
dreflcs his converts with this remarkable piece of 
inftruclion, Your body is the temple of the Holy Ghoft. 
The fame apoftle, writing to the fame believers, in his 
fecond epiflle, (vi. 16.) has the following expreffion, 
Ye are the temples of the living God. Who can com- 
pare thefc texts, and yet be fo hardy as deliberately 
to deny, that the Holy Ghoft and the living God are 
one and the fame ? Befides, if thefe two fcriptures, 
\ iewed in conjunction with each other, did not aicer- 
tain the Divinity of the blefled Spirit, the vejy pur- 
port of the cxpreffion, Ye are temples of the Holy 
Ghoft, fufficiemly evinces it. It is certain, that the 
very effence of a temple, or, to fpeak in the terms of 
the logician, the differentia conftitutiva of a temple, 
confifts in the refidence of a Deity. The inhabitation 
of the hi ji heft created Being cannot conftitute a tem- 
ple ; nothing but the indwelling of the one infinite, 
almighty Lord God. Since, therefore, the indwelling 
of the Holy Spirit renders the bodies of Chriftians 
temples, it iccms to be a clear cafe, that he is truly 

E 2 Gcd". 

404 A COLLECTION Let. 24. 

God. Another text, a text never omitted when this 
point is under debate, and a text, in my opinion, iingly 
liifiicient to give a final deciiion to the doubt, is in 
u4tfs v. 3, 4. where the perlbn (Hied A^* nv (U/ in one 
verfe, is exprdsly declared to be & in the next. 
Now, can we imagine, that an evangelift, under the 
guidance of unerring wifdom, could write with iuch. 
unaccountable inaccuracy as the dcnicrs of this article 
mult maintain ? Were this iuppofition admitted, I 
mould almoft begin to queftion the infpiration of the 
iacred books. At this rate, they would leem -calcu- 
lated to confound the judgment, and elude the com- 
mon fenfe of the readers. For to ipeak fo frequent- 
ly of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghoft, to 
ipcak in fuch language as we always ufe in diftinguifh- 
ing various perfons, to alcribe to them feverally fuch 
attributes as, by univerfal acknowledgment, comport 
only with the fupreme God, nay, to call each per- 
fon by himfelf, diftin&ly, exprefsly to call each per- 
ibn God and Lord j lure, if, after all thefe declara- 
tions, there be not three perfons in the one, incom- 
prehcnfible Godhead ; if each of thefe illuftrious per- 
fons be not very God ; what can we fay, but that 
the fcriptures are inconfiflent and felf- contradictory 
pieces ? So that, upon the whole, we are reduced to 
this dilemma, either to admit this abfurd and impious 
charge upon the fcriptures ; or elfe to acknowledge 
the perfonality and divinity of the three perfons in the 
adorable Trinity. 

But, perhaps, a curious genius, that has been ac- 
cuflomed to enter deep into the rationale of things ; 
that thinks it beneath a fagacious inquirer to credit, 
unlefs he can comprehend, iuch a genius may afk, 
with a kind of amazement, How can thefe things be ? 
Here I pretend to give no fatisfaclion. Here I con- 
fefs myfelf at a lofs. I cannot conceive how the prin- 
ciple of gravitation acts, or what conftitutes the power 
of attraction. If 1 cannot penetrate the hidden qua- 

Let. 25. OF LETTERS. 405 

lities of a thoufand common objects, that daily prefent 
themfelves to my fenfes ; no wonder, that I mould be 
unable to unravel the awful fecrcts of the divine na- 
ture ; no wonder that 1 fhould be incapable of finding 
out to perfection that infinite Majefty, who dwells in 
light inaccellible. Since the T *. is attefted by a 
multitude of witnelFes from fcripture, let us be con- 
tent to wait for the r* a s, till this grol's interpofing 
cloud of flcfh and mortality flee away ; until that hap- 
py hour arrives, that defirable ftate commence, when 
we (hall no longer fee thro' a glafs darkly, but mall 
know even as we are known. 

I fhould now proceed, according to the ability which 
the great fource of wifdom may plcafe to bellow, to 
examine Mr Tonkins'* Calm inquiry; but this is what 
my time, claimed by a variety of other engagements, 
will not permit ; and what, I prefume, you youriblf, 
tired already by a tedious epiftle, will very readily ex- 
cufe. Hereafter, if you infift upon my executing the 
plan laid down in the beginning of this paper, I will 
communicate my remarks (fuch as they are) relating 
to the forcmentioned treatife, with all that chearful 
compliance, and unreferved opennefs, which may 
moft emphatically bcfpeak me, dear Sir, 

Yours, &c 


Wefton-Fa-vell, Feb. 9. 1745-6. 

'T'Hanks to you, dear Sir, for your kind wifhes. 
JL Bleffed be the divine Providence, I am now able 
to inform you, that what you wifh is accomplished. 
1 have had one of the moft agreeable lofles i ever met 
- with ; I have loft my indiij/olidon, and am, in a man- 
ner, well. 

1 fend herewith the poem on Chriftianity. The 
other books, which you have been pleaied to lend me, 



will follow by the firft opportunity. I read Mr Hob- 
Jon's performance with cagernefs and delight. What 
is wrote by a valuable friend, has a kind of fecret un- 
accountable charm. It may not be preferable to ofiiier 
competitions, yet, methinks, it pleaies more. 

1 congratulate you, Sir, and my country, on the 
good news received from the north. How do you 
like Stackkou/e's hiftory of the Bible ? I am iure he 
has one advantage, fupcrior to all the hiftorians of the 
world ; That the fa els he relates are more venerable 
for their antiquity, more admirable for their grandeur, 
and more important on account of their univcrfal ule- 
fulnefs. I have often thought, that the icripture is 
finely calculated to furnilh out the nioft exquilite en- 
tertainment to the imagination, from thole three prin- 
cipal fources mentioned by Mr ^iddifon the Great, the 
Beautiful, and the New. But what is this compared 
with that infinitely noble benefit, to impart which is 
their profefTed ddign ; the benefit of making us wife 
to falvation, of making us partakers of a divine na- 
ture : I am, Crr. 


Dear S/r, Weft on- Few ell, Feb. 11. 1745-6. 

I Received your ticket fome time ago, in which you 
defire me to coniider ibme particular paflages of 
icripture. After an afflictive indilpoiition, which 
confined me to my room teveral days, i have exami- 
ned the texts you alledge. They relate, I find, to that 
grand qucftion, which has lately been the iubject of 
our debate, the Divinity of our Lord JefusChrift- I 
could have wifhed, that the controvcrfy had been 
brought to a fatisfactory and happy iflue. Very un- 
willing to engage in it a iecond time, I mud beg leave 
to fue for my Bene decejfit, and refign the management 
of fo important a difpute to incomparably more able 


Let. 26. o F L E T T E R S. 407 

hands, However, in obedience to your requeft, {quid 
tnim amicitia dsnegandum?} I'fhall briefly lay before 
you my opinion concerning thofe portions of infpired 
wifdom ; and then proceed, in purfuance of my pro- 
mife, to weigh, with calmneis and impartiality, the 
molt material of JVlr Tomkins's objections. 

You obierve, That the Father is never reprefented 
yielding obedience to Chrift, or praying to Chrift. 
1 acknowledge the truth of the remark, and aHign 
this clear and obvious reafon, becaufe it was the pe- 
culiar office of the fecond perfon of the Trinity to 
humble himfelf, to unite himielf to fledi and blood, 
and to be made in all things like unto us, fin only ex- 
cepted. Had not the bleffed Jefus been clothed with 
our nature, and partook of our innocent infirmities, 
we fliould never have heard any flich thing, as his 
yielding obedience, or praying to another, greater 
than himteif. This refults not from his efTential, but 
his aflumed nature : nor is it at all repugnant to rea- 
fbn, to be inferior in one character, and at the fame 
time absolutely equal in another. His Majefty King 
George may be inferior to the Emperor, in the capacity 
of Elector of Hanuver ; he may be lubjecT: to the Impe- 
rial authority, as he is a prince of the Get manic body; 
and yet equal to the moft illuftrious monarchs, ob- 
noxious to no earthly jurisdiction, in his nobler qua- 
lity of King of Great Britain, France^ and Ireland. 
This iecms to be a very eaiy and natural iolution of 
the difficulty : whereas, 1 think, 1 may venture to 
defy the niceft metaphyfician, or the moft ac-ite ca- 
iiiift, to reconcile the notions of divinity and inferio- 
rity. As well may contradictions be made compati- 
ble. A God, who is inferior, is, to my apprehenfion, 
a perfect paradox. It is necefTarily implied in the idea 
<lf God, That he be, as our old tranllation of the 
Plal-.ns very emphatically and beautifully Ityles him, 
The Moft Hi^heft. Therefore, our Saviour, who of- 
ten aflerts his claim to Divinity, declares, as an inie- 


408 A COLLECTION Let. 26, 

parable confequent of this high prerogative, All things 
which the Father hath, are mine. Is the Father's tx- 
iftence inconceivable and eternal ? the lame alib is the 
.Son's. Has the Father an unequalled abiblute iupre- 
macy ? fuch likewifc hath the Son. 

But I fee you have ready at hand to object, John 
xiv. 28. My Father is greater than I. Who are we to 
underftand by the perfon I ? Doubtlefs, that being 
who was capable of going and coming ; who was 
Sometimes in one place, and iometimes in another ; 
now with the difciples on earth, anon fcparated from 
them by a tranflation into -eaven : and who can this 
be but the man Chrift: JeU s ; the human nature of our 
Redeemer ? The attribute of limited locality, deter- 
mines this point with the utmoft clcarnefs ; why then 
fhould any on." apply that property to the Godhead of 
our blefled Matter, which he himielf fo plainly ap- 
propriates to his manhood 1 

This text very opportunely furniflies us with a key, 
to enter into the true meaning of your next quota- 
tion, I Cor. xi. 3. The head of Chrid is God. Only 
let St John be allowed to expound St Paul, I afk this 
linglc conceffion from my worthy friend, (and lure it 
is no unreafonable one.) Let us agree to pay a greater 
deference to the beloved difciple's comment, than to 
Mr Piercc's paraphrafe, or the interpretation of the 
jfrian creed ; then the fenfe will be as follows, The 
Deity is the head of the Mediator. As the members 
are conduced by the head, and fubfervicnt to the 
head ; fo Chrifl Jefus, in his human capacity, acted 
and acts in fubordination to the Godhead ; obeying 
the fignifications of his will, and referring all his ad- 
ininiftrations to his glory. This expofition, 1 imagine, 
the context corroborates, and the fcope of the ap>>- 
ftle's arguing requires. 

As for Hcb. \. 8, 9. this text affirms, in the moft 
exprefs terms, That Chrift is God, o e p0 voi<ro GEOS. And 
what can be a ftronger proof of his unrivalled fupre- 


Let. 26. OF LETTERS. 409 

macy and fovereignty ? But, perhaps, this may be 
one of thole places, in which, xve are intprmed by our 
obje&ors, the word GOD iignifies no more than a king 
or ruler, confequently, does not prove our Redeemer 
to be God in reality, and by nature ; but only to be 
complimented with this appellation, in refpect of his 
office and authority. I believe, Sir, you will find, 
upon a more attentive inquiry, that this fubtik dii- 
tinclion is contrary to the perpetual uie of the icrip- 
tures. A very celebrated critic obferves, that vvhere- 
cverthe nameELOHiM (translated by the apoflle GEOS) 
is taken in an abtblute ienfe, and rcftrained to oue par- 
ticular perlbn, (as it is in the pailage before us,) it con- 
flantly denotes the true arid only God. Magistrates 
are indeed laid to be Elohim, in relation to their of- 
lice, but no one magiltrate was ever ib called ; nor 
can it be faid, without blafphemy, to any one of them, 
Thou art Elohim, or God. It is alib recorded of Mo- 
Jfs, Thou (halt be Elohim ; yet not absolutely, but 
relatively only, a God to Pharaoh, and to Aaron, i. e* 
in God's ftead, doing in the name of God what he 
commanded, and declaring what he revealed. Be- 
fides, does not the apoflle, in this very chapter, ver. 10. 
addreis the following acknowledgment to Chrift, 
Thou, Lord, in the beginning, haft laid the founda- 
tion of the earth, and the heavens are the work of 
thy hands. And is not the work of creation tlje un- 
ihared prerogative and honour of tiie iupreme God. 
This I am pretty lure of, it is the prerogative of that 
God to whom the worJhip of the fainls, under the 
Old Teflament, is directed ; of that God, who has 
declared himfelf jealous of his honour, and refolves 
not to give his glory to another ? Melchijedec made 
this illultrious being the object of his adoration, Blef- 
-led be the molt high God, poflcflbr of heaven and 
earth : The day is thine, and the night is thine : 
thou haft prepared the light and the iun ; was judg- 
ed by the Pjalmijt one of the noblcft afcriptions of 
VOL. V. N 25. 3 F P railj 

410 A COLLECTION Let. 26. 

praiie which could be made to the Deity. Jonah has 
left us a confeffion of his faith, and an abftract of his 
devotion, in the following words ; I fc*ar tnc Lord, 
the God of heaven, who hath made the lea, and the 
dry land. Yet St Paul allures us, that this great 
Creator and Proprietor of heaven and earth ; this ob- 
ject of divine woj (hip in all ages of the ancient church, 

IS lie o <fi' inw7 x.f.Sa.pio/u.ov Troitiff/x/^tvOS rat ctf/.ap1ia r>/, VCriC 3*~"~~ 

Now, can we view the magnificent fyftem of the uni- 
vcrie, the immenlity of its extent, the vail variety of 
its parts, the inimitable accuracy of its Structure, the 
perfect harmony of its motions, together with the a- 
Itonifliing energy and effects of its mechanic powers ; 
can we contemplate this world of wonders, and with- 
hold ourfelves a (ingle moment from afcribing the glo- 
ry of incomparable wiidom, and matchlels perfections 
to its Maker ? Can we glance an eye, or ftart a thought, 
thro* that ample field of miracles, which nature in all 
her fcenes regularly exhibits, and ftill conclude, that 
the Author of all takes too much upon him, when he 
advances the following claim ? 

. . , , None I know 

Second to me, or like, equal much lefs. MILT. 

Poffibly, our fceptical gentlemen are ready to re- 
ply, We are far from denying that Chrift made the 
world ; but we fuppofe, that he made it only as a mi- 
iiifterial being ; not by any iufficiency of his own, but 
by a power delegated to him from the infinite God- 
head. But furc the abettors of this opinion never con- 
fidered t! iat emphatical pafTage, n,7 a s t ' u7, g s,s au7ov ixir< f. 
By whatever artful evafiori they may think to elude 
the force of the former exprcflion, I cannot fee what 
poilible efcape they can contrive from the latter. Jt 
is plain from the philofophical principles of an apoftle, 
that the univerfc was formed by Chrift as the almighty 
Artificer, for Chrift as its final end : and is not this a 
demonstration, that Chrift was not a mere inftrument, 

Col. i. t6. 

Let. 26. o F L E T T E R S. 411 

but the grand, glorious, felf-iufficient agent ; the Al- 
pha and Omega of all things ! 

After all that has been laid upon this text, will it 
be intimated, that 1 have been partial in my examina- 
tion of it ? that the fentence, which moll particular- 
ly favours your opinion, and looks with the moft 
frowning afpect on mine, is panned over without no- 
tice ? namely, where it, is taught, That Gcd anointed 
Chrift with the the oil of gladneis above his fellows * . 
I reply, by owning, that thefe words mod undeniably 
imply inferiority ; they imply a ilate of indigence, 
which wants fomcthing it has not naturally ; a hate of 
impotence, which receives from another, what it cannot 
convey to itlelf. Surely, then, this claule muft accord- 
ing to all the laws of juft interpretation, be referred to 
that nature which admitted of iiich wants, and was fub- 
jecl to fuch infirmities. To alcribe it to that narure, 
which is characterized as God, would be almoft as af- 
fronting to reafon, as it is to the Deity. It is farther 
obfervable, that the very expreflion limits the fenie to 
that capacity of our Redeemer, in which others flood 
related to him as his fellows. And can this be any 
other than the human f Let me add one word more, 
before I difmifs this inquiry ; fuppofe I was to fhift 
fides in the diipute, and turn the tables upon the dif- 
ciples of Ariu*. Gentlemen, lince you take fo much 
pains to prove the inferiority of our Lord Jeius 
Chrift:, permit me to try, if I cannot outlhoot you 
in your own bow. I will undertake to mew, on 
your own principles, that he was inferior to millions 
of created beings ; for this 1 have the pofitive and f'ure 
evidence of fcripture, We fee Jeius, who was made 
a little lower than the angels -f- . Th< 11 gentlemen, I 
verily think, would have i'o much regard for the ho- 
pour of a perfon on whom tlieir everlafting all de- 
pends, as to anfwer with f'ome becoming fpirit, You 
arc to diftinguifh between what our Saviour was 

3 F 2 madq 

* Heb. i. 9. -j- Hcb. ii. 9. 

412 A COLLECTION Let. 26. 

made occalionally, and what he was originally : Tho* 
his human nature was taken from a clafs of beings 
lower in dignity than the nngcls, yet his nobler and 
more exalted nature was greatly fuperior to them all. 
Now, Sir, as we mud have recourfe i'ometimes to 
this didinvftion, our aclverfarics thcmielves being our 
judges and our precedent, why fhould we not carry 
it along with us continually ? Without it, a multi- 
tude of texts appear perplexed in their meaning, and 
clafli with other icriptures ; with it they drop their ob- 
fcurity, are difentangied from their intricacy, and har- 
monize entirely with the whole tenor of facred writ. 
l Cor. xv. 28 is another fcripture pointed out for 
consideration. This, I coufefs, is a difficult, and ad- 
mitting it was (to me at lead) an unintelligible paf- 
fage, nay, directly repugnant to my t hypothefis, 
what would be a rational procedure in this cafe ? to 
renounce my faith, becaufs I cannot reconcile it with 
one fcripture, though it itands fupported by a copi- 
ous multiplicity of others I if, in debating on any que- 
ftion, there be five hundred ayes, and but one no, I 
appeal to the conduct of the Honourable houfe of Com- 
mons, whether it be reasonable, that the point mould 
be carried by the fingle negative, fa oppofition to fovaft 
a majority of affirmatives ? However, the date of our 
doctrine is not ib bad, northis text fo diametrically op- 
pofite to it, as to dcdroy all hopes of eftablifhing it with 
a neminc contradicente.T\\. apoftle affirms, that at the 
confummation of terredrial things, when the date of 
human probation ends, and the number of the elect is 
completed, then mall the Son alfo himfelf be fubject 
unto him that put all things under him ; that God 
may be in all ; /. e. according to my judgment, the 
Son, at the commencement of that grand revolution, 
will entirely refign the adrainidration of his mediato- 
rial kingdom ; he will no longer act as an advocate or 
jntercefTor, becaufe the reafons on which this office is 
founded will ceafc for ever ; he will no longer, as a 


Let. 26. OF LETTERS. 413 

high prieft, plead his atoning blood in behalf of fin- 
ners, nor, as a king, difpenle the fuccours of his fanc- 
tifying grace, becaufe all guilt will be done away, and 
the actings of corruption be at an end : he will no long- 
er be the medium of his people's accefs to the know- 
ledge and enjoyment of the l ? ather, becaufe then they 
will ftand perpetually in the beatific prefence, and fee 
face to face, know even as they are known. I may 
probably mittake the meaning of the words ; but what- 
ever mall appear to be their precife lignification, this, 
I think, is Ib clear as not to admit of any doubt, that 
it relates to an incarnate perfon ; relates to him, who 
died for our fins, was buried, and rofe again *. And 
can the furrender of all authority made by the man Je- 
fus Chrift, be any bar to his unlimited equality as God ? 
You refer me to Pjnl. viii. 5. & Ixxxii. i, 6. ExoiL 
xxii. 28. and add, thefe texts prove that God figni- 
fies in fome places king or ruler. 1 acknowledge, 
that the word Elohim, in the aforecited paflages, fig- 
nifies no more than angels, kings, or rulers. But is 
this a dcmonftration, that the word Jehovah, the in- 
communicable name, fignifies no more than an angel, 
a king, or a ruler ? This is the conclufion our adver- 
iarics are to infer : this the point they are to make 
good, othervvile, their attempts drop fhort of the mark, 
fly wide from their purpofe. Becaufe it is plain from 
incontestable authorities, that Jefus is Jehovah. This 
was hinted in a former letter ; and if you pleafe to 
compare If. vi. 3. with John xii. 41 . you will find an- 
other convincing evidence, that the Jehovah of the 
Jews is the Jefus of the Chriftians. Befides, in all 
thofc places, where the term God is ufed to denote 
ibmc created being, invefled with confiderable au- 
thority, or pofleiTed of confirierable dignity, the con- 
ie&ion is iuch, ,ns abfolutcly to exclude the perfo*^ 
io denominated, from any title to a divine nature ; 
whereas, when the name God is applied to the le- 

* i Cor. xv. 3, 4. 


cond peribn of the Trinity, it is connected with fuch 
couiequents or antecedents, as neceffarily include the 
idea of divinity and iupremacy. For inftance, when 
the apoftle recognizes the Deity of our Lord Jefus 
Chrift, in thole remarkable words, Rom. ix. y. Wiio 
is God ; left this idle piece of fophiftry (hould have 
any room for admittance, he adds a moit determining 
claufe, over all, bleflcd for ever. I have called it idle 
fophiftry, for really it is nothing clie. Only obierve the 
proccfs of the pretended argument, and you yourfelf 
will allow it no better appellation. What is dcfigncd 
for the argument runs thus : Becaufe rulers of dittinc- 
tion have ibmetimes the title of Elohim, therefore 
Jelus, who has the title of Jehovah, is not very God, 
but only a ruler of diftinftion ; or, the word God, 
when neceflarily determined by the context to fome 
fubordinate being, fignifies a i'ubordinate being; there- 
fore, the word God, when neceffarily determined by 
the context to fignify the fupremeGod, does not iignify 
the fupreme God, but only fome fubordinate being. 
Theie are the mighty reafonings ; luch the formidable 
artillery, with which the adherents of Arius attack the 
divinity and equality of our Saviour. May the arms of 
our foreign enemies, and inteftine rebejs, be made, in 
their kind, of fuch metal, confiftof fuchftrength 1 and I 
may venture to addrefs my countrymen in David'sencou- 
raginglanguage, Let no man's heart fail, becaufe of them . 
1 hope it will not be objected, that 1 have fometimes 
miftook the particular point to be difcuffed, and con- 
founded the divinity of our Lord with his equality to 
the Father. I own, I have not been fcrupuloufly care- 
ful to preferve any fuch diftinclion, becaufe I am per- 
fuaded it is perfectly chimerical. Whoever admits the 
former, grants the latter. The one cannot fubfift with- 
out the other ; or rather, they arc one and the fame 
thing. To be equal with the Father is to be divine j 
and to be divine, is to be equal with the Father. An. 
inferior deity, was a notion that patted current in the 


Let. 26. OF LETTERS. 415* 

Heathen world ; but we have not fo learned the divine 
nature, as to adopt it into our creed. It is a propo- 
fition that confutes itfelf. The predicate and fubjedt 
are felf-contradiclory. God certainly means a being 
of incomparable, unparalleled glory and perfection. 
No one will dare to give a lower definition of the God- 
head. Yet this the firft term of the fentence affirms, 
the fecond denies. Whenever I hear the awful word 
God, I form an idea of a being poflefTed of abiblute 
fupremacy. Inferiority is altogether as inconfiltent 
with my apprehenfion of the Godhead, as a limited 
extenfion is with immenfity. The fcboolmens maxim 
is flridly true when applied to the divine nature, that 
his properties and excellencies non rccipiunt magis aut 
minus Befides, Sir, is there not another apparent in- 
conveniency, another inextricable difficulty, attending 
this fuperfinediftinction ? Does it not fuppofe, inftead 
of diftinct perfons, diftinft beings, diftincl efTences \ 
That which is inferior cannot be the very fame with 
its fuperior. Identity in this cafe, confifts not with 
inequality. Theconfequenceof this tenet ispolytheifm. 
For my part, I lay it down as an inconteftable prin- 
ciple, fuch as reafon and fcripture concur to eftablifh, 
that whatever, whofoever is God, mud be abfolutely 
fupreme. I then proceed to examine whether the 
divine names, attributes, honours ; thofe which are 
incommunicably divine, which flow from the divine 
offence, which cannot comport with a finite cxiftence, 
but are the fole prerogative of the unequalled God, 
whether thefe are in fcripture clearly alcribed to the 
facred perfon of the Son ; if they are, my reafon re- 
quires me to believe that he is very God, and co-equal 
with the Father. My reafon, in her lldateft moments, 
allures me, that fcripture cannot deceive, though I 
may be unable to conceive. My reafon declares, that 
I fhall be a rebel a, ainft her laws, if I do not fubmit 
to this determination of fcripture, as decifive, as infal- 
lible. I am, Crc. 


416 A COLLECTION Let. 22. 


Dear S/>, Wejlon-Favcll^ March, 1745-6. 

IN a former letter, I confidercd, whether the bicf- 
fcd Spirit is really a diftinft perfon, whether this 
peribn is truly and properly God. It appeared from 
a variety of icriptures, that both thefe qucflions were 
to be refolved in the affirmative. Thcie prelimina- 
ries being fettled, I would hope, with fome perfpi- 
cuity of reafon, and flrength of argument ; I now 
proceed, in confcquence of my engagement, to exa- 
mine Mr TomkinSs objections againft the received cuf- 
tom of addrcliinp; divine worfhip to this divine Being. 

The author, I freely acknowledge, writes with a great 
appearance of integrity ; with a calm and decent fpirit 
of controverfy ; and with a very plaufible air of truth. 
As the fubject of his inquiry is of the higheft dignity 
and importance, as his method of managing the debate 
is, to fay the Icaft, by no means contemptible, I can- 
not forbear expi effing fome furprife, that none of the 
ingenious dhTenters, to whom the piece is particularly 
infcribed, have thought proper to intereft themfelves 
in the difpute, and either confute what is urged, or 
elfe (like perlons of that inviolable attachment to the 
pure icriptural wormip, which they profefs) recede 
from the ufe of their allowed doxologies. 

For my part, as I firmly believe it a proper practice 
to wormip the Son, as we wormip the Father, and to 
wormip the Holy Ghoft, as we woffhip the other'per- 
ibns of the undivided Trinity, I am ib far from dis- 
approving, that I admire our cuftomary doxology, and 
think it a very noble and inftru&ive part of our facrecl 
fervicc. Noble, becaufe it exhibits one of the grand 
myfteries, and glorious peculiaries of the gofpel ; in- 
ftru&ive, becaufe it fo frequently reminds the wor- 
fhipper of a point which it fo greatly .-concerns him to 
believe, and which is fitted to infpire the brighteft, 
the ftrongeft hopes, of final, of complete falvation. 


Let. 27. o P L E T T E R S. 417 

But left this perfuafion flioukl be deemed the crude 
production of early prejudice, rather than the mature 
fruit of fedate confideration, we will very readily hear 
whatever can be alledged againft it<; and not willing- 
ly fecrcte one objection, or miirepreient one argu- 
ment, occurring in the Inquiry. 

" Let it be iuppofed," fays our author, " that the 
Holy Spirit is one of the perfons of the Godhead ; I 
ftill query, what warrant Chriftians have for a direct 
and diftinct worfhip of this third perfon in the God- 
head." (p. i.) 1 (hould think, there can be noreafon- 
able doubt, whether worfhip is to be paid to the Divi- 
nity. Thou fhalt worfliip the Lord thy God, is a law 
of inconteftable authority, and eternal obligation. 
As for the circumftances of worfliip included in its be- 
ing direct, this cannot alter the caie, nor render the 
practice improper. According to my apprehenfion, 
all true and genuine worfhip is direct. If it be ad- 
drefTed to the divine object at fecond hand, it has more 
of the nature of idolatry, than worfhip. Such is the 
religious foppery of the Papifls, who will not apply 
directly to the Father of everlafting compaifions, but 
adore God as it were by proxy. With regard to the 
diftinctnefs of the worfhip, this depends entirely up- 
on the fcripture's diftinguifhing their perfons. If this 
be clearly done, the diftinctnefs of worfhip is proper- 
ly authorifed, and the fitnefs, of it follows of courfe. 
If the infpired writers aflure us, that the Father is 
God, this is a fufficient warrant to pay divine honours 
to the Father. If the infpired writers affirm, that 
the Son is God, this is a fufficient ground for afcribing 
divine honours to the Son. If the fame infpired 
writers declare, that the Holy Ghoft is God, we need 
no clearer warrant, nor can we have a louder call, to 
pay him our devoteft homage. In a word, it is the 
voice of reafon, it is the command of fcripture, it is 
founded on the unalterable relations of things, that 
worfhip, direct worfhip, diftinct worfliip, all worfliip, be 
rendered to the Deity. SothattheDivinity of the Holy 

VOL. V, N 25. 3 G Ghoft, 

418 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

Ghoft, cxclnfive of any apoftolical precept or example, 
is an incomparably better reaibnforafcribingdivineho- 
Dours to this ("acred perfon, than the bare want of fuch 
precept or example, can be a reaibu to juflify the o- 
iniilion, or condemn the performance of it. 

I am no advocate for implicit faith in any human 
determination or opinion. Should I fee whole feels, 
or whole churches, in a glaring error, inch as I can 
prove from fcripturc to be palpably wrong, and of 
pernicious tendency, I would make no fcruplc to re- 
monRrate, diflent, and enter my proteft. But in a 
cafe, which Mr Tomkins himfelf (p. 2. 1. 19.) allows 
to be of a dubious nature ; where I have no pofitive 
proof from God's holy word that the practice is un- 
lawful, or improper ; I cannot but apprehend, that it 
becomes a modeft peribn, diffident of his own judg- 
ment, to acquiefce in the general, the long- continued 
ufage of all the churches. This is urged by an infpi- 
red writer as a forcible motive for rejecting a practice^ 
and why (hould not I admit it as a motive of weight 
for adhering to a practice ? We have no fuch cultom, 
neither the churches of God *, was an apoftolical ar- 
gument. And, in an inftance, where we are not pre- 
cluded by any prohibition of fcripture, I think, the 
rcafoning is equally conclufive, if changed to the af- 
firmative, We have fuch a cuftom, and the churches of 
God. Was I to fettle my opinion, and adjuft my con- 
duct, with regard to fuch a point, I mould be inclined 
to argue in the following manner : I cannot bring one 
text from the facred writings, which forbids the ufage ; 
and as it is unanimoufly practifed by devout perfons 
of almolt every denomination; as it has been the re- 
ceived, the uninterrupted practice of the Chrillian 
church for more than a thoufand years ; who am I, 
that I {hould difturb the peace, or feparate myfclf from 
the communion of the church, for a procedure, which 
fuch multitudes of excellent perfons maintain to be 
:ofifonant, and which I cannot prove to be contrary, 

* i Cor. xi. 16. 

Let. 27. o F L E T T E R S. 419 

to the fenfe of fcripture ? Who am I, that I fhould 
fancy myfelf to have more of the mind of God, than 
the whole united church of true believers, eminent 
faints, and illuftrious martyrs ? 

" But there is no precept for this worfnip in fcrip- 
ture," (page i.) ; and DrOwen affirms, u That a di- 
vine command is the ground, " (he means, I preiume, 
the only ground, or elie the quotation is nothing to 
our author's purpofe) " of all worfhip." (page25-) 
Dr Owen's character, I own, is confiderable, as well 
as his aflertion peremptory ; but yet i cannot pre- 
vail on myfelf to fubmit to his ipfe dixit as an oracle, 
nor reverence his judgment as infallible. I would alk 
the Doftorjjji^hat divine command the Heathens ever 
received to^lorihip the blcffcd God ? I know of 'no 
verbal or written precept. But they law their war- 
rant included in their wants, they perceived their 
obligation refulting from the divine attributes. Will 
Dr Owen maintain, That no worfhip was expected 
from the Pagans ? that they had been blamclefs, and 
acted according to the principles of their duty, if they 
had with-held all acts of veneration from the Deity ? 
No, furely. St Paul, in declaring them faulty, for 
not worfliipping the Almighty in fuch a rational 
manner, as was fuitable to his pure and exalted na- 
ture, clearly intimates, that it was their duty both to 
worfliip, and to worfhip aright. It is not laid by the 
apoftlc, though it is the confequence of the Doctor's 
petition, that they ought to have refrained from all 
worfhip, and not have meddled with matters of de- 
votion, till they received an authentic warrant from 
revelation. The infpired cafuift grounds his duty, 
in this particular, upon the eternal power and God- 
Jjcad {Rom. i. 20.) of the fupreme Being, which were 
jdifcoverable by the exercife of their understandings, 
and from a furvey of the creation. In conformity to 
the apoftle's fentiments, 1 fhould rather place the 
foundation of religions worfhip in the glories, the 
3 G 2 merciesj 

420 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

mercies, the unfearchable riches of the almighty Ma- 
jcfty. Thefe, together with the relation which de- 
pendent creatures bear to this all-producing, all-iuf- 
taining, infinitely-beneficent God, are the grand war- 
rant to authorife addrclfes of adoration. Thefe are 
reatbns prior to all exprefs revelations, and would have 
fubfiltcd, if actual commands had never been given. 
If this be not true, what will become of all natural 
religion ? Scripture, indeed, has declared explicitly 
the binding nature of thefe motives ; fcripture, like 
a facred herald, has promulged what God fore-ordain- 
ed, what reaibn had decreed, what neccffarily flowed 
from the habitudes of peribns and things. Or, to 
reprefent the point in another light, lAc perfections 
of the Godhead are the original, the ilBlolable obli- 
gation to all expreflions of homage and devotion ; to 
ratify this obligation, and impart to it all pollible fo- 
lemnity and fanclion, fcripture has added the broad 
feal of heaven. If this be right reafon, and if the 
Holy Ghoft be really God, his all tufficient excellencies, 
and my ftate of dependence, are a proper licence, or 
rather a virtual mandamus, for the applications of 
prayer, and the afcriptions of praife. Grant this one 
propofition, relating to the Divinity of the blelfed 
Spirit, and admit that his eternal power and Godhead 
are a fufficient ground for religious worfliip, and we 
fhall find ourfelves unavoidably determined. We muft 
rebel againfl our reafon, muft violate the dictates of 
our conference, muft act in oppofitiqn, not to one 
particular text, but to the main tenor and fcope of 
the whole icripture, if we do not render all the fer- 
vice, yield all the reverence, due to a glorious Being, 
in whom we live, move, and exift. 

But ftill we are told, in various places, again and 
again we are told, 4t That there is no exprefs war- 
rant-" Prodigious fb efs is laid upon this word ex- 
fr -/}, the whole force of the objection teems to ter- 
minate on this point. There is no exprefs warrant, 


Let. 27- o F L E T T E R S. 421 

therefore it is an unwarrantable practice. For my 
part, I have not difcernment enough to perceive the 
concluiivenefs of this arguing. I mull beg leave to 
deny the confequence of iuch a fyllogifm. For if the 
fenle of various fcriptures has made it a duty, this is 
warrant enough, tho* it be not particularly enjoined, 
or tolerated in form. This maxim our ingenious 'au- 
thor will admit in other cafes, and why not in the 
pi efent ? There is no exprefs command to add any 
prayer at the celebration of baptifm. When our Lord 
initituted the ordinance, he only delivers the form of 
initiation into the Chriltian church, without any pre- 
fcription relating to concomitant prayer. When Philip 
administered this iacrament to the eunuch, there is no 
mention of any addrefs to the Almighty, pertinent to 
the occafion. 1 cannot recollect, that any of the ho- 
ly writers either inform the world, that they practi- 
led fuch a method themfelves, or ib much as intimate, 
that they would advife others in fucceeding ages, to 
accompany this folemnity with fuitable devotions. 
But though we have no pofitive injunction, we have 
the rcafonablenefs of the thing, for our plea. Other 
fcriptures, that virtually, tho' not explicitly, recom- 
mend it, are our warrant. In every thing, fays St 
Paul, let your requefts be made known unto God ; 
confequently, in this facred and important thing. 

I mufl again declare, that I can by no means afTent 
to our author's grand poftiilatum, That nothing in the 
way of divine worfhip is allowable, but what has an 
exprefs warrant from fcrjpture. Becaufe virtual war- 
rants are warrants ; coniequential warrants are war- 
rants. Our objector mufl; maintain this in fome inftan- 
ccs, and why mould he dilclaim it in others ? To be 
confident in conduct, is furely efTential to the character 
of an impartial inquirer after truth. Shall fuch an one 
fometimes reject an argument as weak and infignifi- 
cant, becaufe it happens to be illative only, and not 
direct ; and at other times urge it as cogent and irre- 
fragable ? 

422 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

fragable ? . I will mention one very memorable parti- 
cular of this nature ; that is the cafe of the Lord's day. 
Why docs Mr Tomkins transfer the fan(ftification of 
a particular day from the ieventh to the h'rft ? Has he 
any expreis command in fcripture, any expreis war- 
rant from fcripture, for this alteration ? If he has, let 
him produce it. I muft own, 1 have none but con- 
lequential warrants ; warrants formed upon conclu- 
fions, and derived from fome remarkable icriptures. 
But thefe not near ib numerous, nor near fo ponder- 
ous, as thofe which concur to eftablifh the Divinity 
of the Holy Ghoft. Now, if an exprefs warrant be 
not needful in the one, why flinuld it be fo rigoroufly 
infifted on in the other duty ? If then this leading 
principle of our author's be falfe or precarious, what 
truth, what certainty can there be in any, in all his 
deductions from it? If the ground-work be anfubftkn- 
tial, and the foundation fall, what folidity can there 
be in the fuperftructurc ? how can the building ftund ? 
Poflibly Mr Tomkins may reply, u The example of 
the primitive church determines this point." We find, 
it was the cuftom of the carlieft antiquity, to obferve 
the Chriftian Sabbath on the firft day of the week ; 
and therefore have very good reafon to believe, that 
the ufage was eftablifhed by apoftolical authority. 
And may not I fay the fame, with regard to the cuMom 
of afcribing glory, and rendering adoration, to the 
third perfon of the Trinity ? Jujiin Martyr, the mod 
ancient and authentic apologilt for Chriftianity, who is 
next in fucceffion, and next in credit to the patres a- 
poftolici, he declares expreflly, That it was the received 
cuflom of the Chriftian church, in his days, to worfhip 
the Holy Ghoft. His words are, nvu^ ^,^1,^, n ^.na. 
>,y ^l^lM^u< t a*<,jtt%o/<.tt,. You perceive, he not only avows 
the thing, but vindicates its reafonablenefs and pro- 
priety. Perhaps, fome captious critic may infinuate, 
That it is matter of doubt, whether the word r^^i, 
implies divine honours I wave all attempts to 


Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 423 

prove this point from the original of the NcvvTefta- 
ment, bccaufe, to obviate fuch an objection, we have 
another paflage to produce from the fame faint, father, 
and martyr. nu^ -pofiT<xo o-fSo^iSa x< TTfoo-xum/tu, yjpol. \. 
Can any expreffions be imagined more forcible in their 
fignification, or more appolite to our purpofe ? They 
import the higheft acts of adoration, and yet they de-< 
icribe the regards which were paid by the pureit anti- 
quity to the Holy Ghoft. Will it ftill be fuggefted, 
That Juftin makes no mention of offering up prayers 
or addreffiog praifes ? I anfwer, This he muft certain- 
ly mean, becaufe no one can be faid in/we* /., r^o-*,, 
TO, QIOV T rivc^a who with- holds praife, or reflrains 
prayer. Thefe particular inftances are .as neceffarily 
implied in thofe general terms, as the fpecies is in- 
cluded in the genus. 

You will pleafe to obferve, that this amounts to a 
great deal more than Mr 70w/;>z/,(page 17.), not very 
ingenuoufly, fuggefts, viz. " a few hints that learned 
men have found, in the primitive ages, of the afcrip- 
tion of praife to the Holy Ghoft." It feems alfo en- 
tirely to overthrow what, in another place, he advances 
(page 26.) not very confiftently with truth, viz. "That 
there is fo little appearance of the obfervance of fuch 
a cuftom, for fo many ages of the Chriftian church.*' 
Few hints and little appearance ! Can a clear and de- 
terminate declaratioa, made by a writer of the moffc 
unqueftionable veracity, concerning the unanimous, 
the univerfal practice of the ancient church, can this 
evidence, with any fairnefs or equity, be rated at the 
diminutive degree of hints and little appearance ? 

As to what is remarked relating to the corruption 
of the early writers, the interpolations, or alterations 
made by carelefs tranfcribers, (page 17.), this feems to 
be a moft empty and jejune inlinuation. It is what 
will fcrve any fide of any debate. It is oppofing hy- 
pothefis to facl ; precarious and unfupportecl hypo- 
thcfis, to clear and undeniable fa ft. Thisfure is catch- 

424 A COLLECTION Let. 27* 

ing, not at a twig, but at a fhadow. I never could 
like Dr Bentlcy's cfcitantia et hallitcinatia librariomm, 
even in his animadvedions on Heathen authors : be- 
caufe it was an outcry fitted for any occafion, a charge 
ever ready at hand, and equally iiiited to difcounte- 
nance truth, or detect error. Much lefs can I think it 
lufficient to overthrow the teftimony, or invalidate the 
authenticity of our ancient Chriftian writers. Would 
a bare innuendo (and Mr Tomkins's is no more,) and 
that from an intercfted perfon, without any the lead 
ifhew of proof; would this be admitted, in a court of 
judicature, to fuperfede the plain, the iblemn depofi- 
tion of a credible witnefs ? Superfede it I Quite the re- 
verfe. It would convince the Judge, and teach the 
jury, that the caufe muft be extremely wrong, utterly 
unfupportable, fince artifices fo weak and tranfparent- 
ly fallacious were ufed in its defence. 

But it is frequently objected, That no mention is 
made, no warrant is to be found for diftinct worfhip. 
The aforecited writer, and the whole fcripture is iilent 
upon the article of diftincl worfhip. And the reader 
is led to fuppofe, that there is fome mighty difference 
between diftinct, and 1 know not what other kind of 
worfhip. Why does our author harp fo inceflantly 
upon this firing ? whence fuch irreconcileable aver- 
fion to this quality of worfhip ? One would aimed 
fulpect, he was confcious, that fome worfhip ihould 
be paid, but could not digeft the doctrine, nor fub- 
mit to the payment of diilincT: woHhip. 1 muft reply 
once for all, that if any worfhip be due, diftincl: wor- 
fhip cannot be improper ; much more if all worfhip 
(which, I apprehend, is included in fujl'm's words, 
and follows from the Divinity of the blefTed Spirit), be 
requifite, diftincl worfhip cannot be unwarrantable. 

Another grand argument, urged by our inquirer, 
is, " That the apoftles, as far as appears, never prac- 
tifed this worfhip of the Holy Ghoft themfclves, nor 
recommended it to others," (page 2.)-*-Hc fhould, by 


Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 425 

all means, have printed as far as appears in Italics, or 
capitals ; bccaufe then the reader would have appre- 
hended more ealily the uncertain foundation on which 
the reafoning is built. But tho' this particular, rela- 
ting to the practice of the apoilles, does not appear, 
one way or the other; yet our author in, his 4th page, 
and cliewhere, concludes from it as afluredly as if it 
ftood upon authentic record. u For,'* fays he, " if 
" we admit, that the reafon of things is fullicient to 
" eftablifh this practice, it will prove too much." It 
will, undoubtedly, if it proves any thing, prove it a 
duty to pay.fuch worfhip to the Holy Spirit ; and, 
confequcntly, that the apoiiles were defective, either 
in not feeing this reafon of things as well as we, or 
not pracliiing according to it. Does he not here i'up- 
pofe, the apoftolical omiilion an acknowledged, un- 
doubted point ? which, a few lines before, he had 
confefTed to be dubious and unapparent. 

However, not to iniift upon this little felf-contra- 
dicting flip, I would afk, What reafon has Mr Towkhif 
to conclude, that the apoRJes omitted this ufage, 
which the Chriitian churches have adopted ? Do they 
ever declare, or fo much as hint, that they are deter- 
mined to omit it? Do they ever caution their converts 
ugainft it, as a dangerous error ? Is there any fuch. 
memorial prefervcd, or any fuch caveat lodged in 
their facred writings ? Now, to argue in our author's 
ftrain : If it was fo unjuflifiablc a tiling to addreis 
praile, or put up prayer to- the Holy Ghoft, there 
could not be a more ncceffary precaution, than that 
the apoftles, thole careful inftruclors, fhould have 
warned their people of the millake ; clpecially fmce 
it was fo extremely probable, fo almo(t unavoid- 
able, that they would f:ill into it. For 1 appeal 
to the whole world, whether a confulerate perfon 
would not naturally judge it realbnable, whether 
a devout perfon would not feel a forcible inclina- 
tion, to worfhip that venerable name, into which 

VOL. V. N 27. 3 JI hs 

426 A COLLECTION Let. :;. 

fce was baptized ; and to praife that beneficent 
who is the author of fo many indtimable blellings. 
Yet though this is Ib apparently natural, fuch as the 
apoflles could not but fore fee was likely to happen, 
they lay not a fyllable, by way of prevention ; they 
take no care to guard their converts agamft fuch a 
practice. A pregnant iign, that it is allowed by divine 
Wifdom, and chargeable neither with fuperilition nor 

But our author, to corroborate his argument, adds, 
u To fuppofe the apoftles directed any explicit wor- 
44 Ihip to the Holy Ghoft, though we have no men- 
u tion of it in fci ipture, where yet we meet with fre- 
" quent doxologies of theirs, and addreiFes by way of 
" prayer or petition/' would be an uwreaibnable pre- 
fumption. I cannot accede to this affertion. The 
doxologies and prayers of the apoltles, recorded in 
Icripture, are only occaiional and incidcnta-1 ; inferted 
as the fervour of a devout fpirit iuggeited y in the bo- 
dy of their doctrinal and exhortatory writings. Now, 
the omiflion of fuch a practice in writings, which were 
compofed with a view of instructing mankind ia the 
great fundamentals of Chriftianity, v/m'ch were ne- 
ver intended as a full and complete iyftem of devo- 
tions ; the omiilion of this practice in ilich vvritingSj 
can be no fair or conclufive argument for its being o- 
mitted in their ftated adls of public worfhip. If, in- 
deed, the apoitles had, in their epiftolary correfpond- 
ence, drawn up a form of devotions ; had declared 
that in them was comprized a perfect pattern of devo- 
tional addreilcs, proper to be offered to the Deity ; 
that all, acts of worfhip, which deviated a jot or tit' 
tie from that prefcribed form, were unwarrantable ; 
if fuch a competition had been tranfmitted from 
the apoitles, and \ye had found no inch addreffes 
therein, as thofc for which we are pleading, I mould 
then allow a good deal of force in the argument drawn 
n the cpoftolical cmiffiori j though, at the fame 


Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 427 

time, I could not be able to forbear wondering at the 
inconfiftency of their doctrines, which teach us that 
the Holy Ghoft is God, and of their worfliip, which 
refutes him divine honours. But, 1 think, as the cafe 
ftands, no tblid argument, nothing but a fpecious ca- 
vil, can be formed from this circumftance of its be- 
ing unpractifed in the writings of the apoftles. 

" It does not appear that the apoitles addrefled 
diftinct worfliip to the blefled Spirit j therefore we 
conclude, that they actually addreifed none." As 
though fact 2nd appearance were convertible terms. 
I am furprizcd, that an author of Mr Tomkins's pc- 
netration can prevail upon himfelf to be fatisficd, or 
ihould offer to impofe upon his readers, with a deduc- 
tion fo very illogical. Is the not appearing of a thing, 
a certain argument, or indeed any argument at all, 
for its not exifting ? It does not appear, that there 
are mountains, or groves, or rivers beneath our ho- 
rizon : It does not appear, that there are any fuch 
vcflels as lymphatics, any fuch fluid as the chyle, in 
thefe living bodies of ours. But by comparing them 
xvith others that have been dilfecled ; and by reafon- 
ing from indifpu table principles, relating to the ani- 
mal ccconomy, we allure ourfelvcs of the reality of 
both thefe particulars. Confider, Sir, into what un- 
numbered abfurdities, and evident falfehoods, this 
way of arguing would betray us, if puriued in all its 
confequences. It will prove, if we once admit it as a 
teft of truth, that nothing was tranfacted by fcriptu- 
ral men, but what is particularly recorded in fcrip- 
ture-hiftory. I no where read Ifaac circumcifcd his 
ion Jacob) or inftrutted his houfehold after the ex- 
ample of his father Abrahafa. But fliall we infer, 
from the filence of fcripture, with regard to thefe mat- 
ters, that he never conformed to the former inftitu- 
tion, nor performed the latter fervice? 1 mould much 
-ather believe, that, as he bears the character of a god- 
iyman, he walked in both thcfc ftatutcs and ordinan- 

3 H 2 c 

428 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

ccs of the Lord blamelefs. And, fmce the 
uniformly agree in this grand preinife, That the Ho- 
ly Ghoft is God, it ieems much more reafonable to 
conclude from hence, that they paid him direct wor- 
Ihip, than from their bare filence to infer, that they 
neglected this practice.- I no where read in the iacred 
writings, that St Peter fufiered martyrdom, or fealed 
the testimony of Chrift with his blood. But muft we, 
on this account, perfuade ourielves, that he was not 
one of the noble army of martyrs ? No, yon will fay ; 
it is very fuppofable, that he laid down his life for his 
Saviour, even though this event is not exprefsly re- 
corded, becaufc our Lord clearly predicts it, when he 
informs him, by what death he fhould glorify God. 
And may not I reply, with parity of rafon, it is very 
iuppofable, that the apolHes, in their fplemn devo- 
tions, addreffcd direct diftinct wormip to the Holy 
Ghoft, becaufe their declaring their belief in his per- 
fonality and divinity, was a ftrong intimation that 
they fhould, was a fort of prediction that they would, 
render all kind of homage and adoration to hiqj. - 
Upon the whole, if this be a mere prefumption, no 
better than a gratis didum, That the apoftles did not 
worfhip the Holy Ghoft, then all the {pecious argu- 
ments, derived from hence, drop of courfe. 

Our objector Hill iniifts, u That this is not a necef- 
c< fary part of Chriitian wormip," (page 2.) Be plea- 
fed to obferve, how he departs from his firft propo- 
ial. His firft inquiry, that which the title-page exhi- 
bits, was, Whether this be warrantable f then, with 
nn evafive dexterity, he Hips into another topic, and 
maintains, that it cannot be necefTary. Whether this 
pe tcrgiyerfation or inaccuracy, I (ball not flay to ex- 
amine ; but mufl aik Mr Tomkins^ Vv T liat reaibn he has 
for this pofitive determination, that it cannot be ne- 
cefTary : Becaufe, on the contrary iuppofition, " we 
ihall condemn the apoftles, as guilty of a great omif- 
iion," (page 2.). This argument the author iifcs 


Let. 27. QF LETTERS. 429 

more than once, therefore I may be excufed in re- 
plying to it once again : We can have no pretence to 
condemn the apoftles, till we have undeniable proof 
that there was iiich an omiilion in their conduct. 
Who can alTert, who dares maintain, that, when the 
apoftles were met together in the holy congregation, 
for targe, i^lemn, copious devotion, they never re- 
cogniztd the Divinity of the three facred perfbns, ne- 
ver acidreflcd diltinct acts of praife or invocation to 
each reipectively ? This, Mr 'Tomkins may pedift in 
iiippoling ; but after all he can lugged in vindication 
of this principle, it will amount to no more than a 
bare fnppofal. I may, at leafl, as fairly fuppofe the 
very reverie ; and, 1 think, have the fuffrage of rca- 
Ibn, the analogy of fcripture, the confent of the purefl 
antiquity on my fide. However, iu cafe Mr Tomkins 
had dempnftrated, by inconteftable evidence, that the 
practice under consideration cannot be neccfTary ; 
docs he confine himfelf, in every inftance, to what is 
ftrictly neceflary ? does he not allow himfelf in what 
is expedient \ Could I not mention various particu- 
lars, which are not abfolutely neceflary, but yet they 
are decent and ufeful ; they contribute to the beauty 
and harmony of woril}ip, to the comfort and edifica- 
tion of the worfhippers ? Perhaps, it may not be ne- 
celTary to particularize in our devotions the prcfcnt 
diflreis of our nation, and to form particular petitions 
luitable to our national exigencies, or particular 
thankfgivings accommodated to our national deliver- 
ances. But iince this is very expedient j Gnce it tends 
to beget in all a more lively fenfeof our dependence on 
divine Providence ; fmce it is a moft emphatical md- 
thod of afcribing to the fupreme Diipofer the glory of 
all our public mercies ; this practice is very becoming, 
very proper, very ufeful. Should 1 plead, in oppoii- 
tion to this cuftom, that it is not abfolutely neceffary : 
Your prayers may he acceptable to God, and benefi- 
cial to your country, without fuch particularizing : St 



Paul gives no exprefs command, fets no explicit ex- 
ample of any fuch uiage ; there is no precedent from 
any of the apoftles, where the a#Virs of the ftate, un- 
der winch iiey lived, are particularly difplayed be- 
fore God inhumble liipplication. Would Mr Tonkins 
think this a fofficient reaion for liim in his private, or 
for minifters in their public devotions, to difcontinue 
the practice ? No, verily : the propriety, the expedi- 
ency of the thing, would juflify and ascertain its uie, 
even though no icriptural pattern had recommended, 
no icriptural precept enjoined it. 

It is affirmed, (p-5) That "theaddreffesof theNev/ 
Teftament are always made to the Father, or to the 
Son:" and it is added, (page 10.) " that there is nei- 
ther rule nor example in it for worshipping any other 
perfon whatever." This point our author affirms 
with a very pofitive air, as though it were incapable 
of being controverted ; and therefore often builds 
affertions on it, often makes deductions from it. Sup- 
pofe it was an undeniable truth, 1 think, we have 
ihewn, that it can be no iatisfactory proof, that, in all 
the enlarged devotions of the apoftles, no addrefTcs 
were offered to the bleffed Spirit, becaufe a few fliort 
ejaculations made no explicit mention of him. But 
this afTertion, perhaps, upon a clofer examination, 
may appear too bold and unjuftifiable ; fomcwhat like 
the poiitioi-i which has been advanced with regard to 
the fentiments of the primitive writers, and practice 
of the primitive church. It might be proper to con- 
iider, on this occafion, 2 Theft, iii. 5. The Lord direct 
your hearts into the love o"f God, arid patience of 
Chrift. This you will allow to be a prayer of bene- 
diction. You will allb obferve, that here is particular 
mention of three perfons. The Lord, who is the ob- 
ject of the invocation, and bcflower of the bleffing, 
is neither the Father, nor the Son. And who then can 
it be, but the Holy Ghofl ? whole amiable office it is, 
to ihcd abroad the love of God in our hearts *. It 
* Horn. v. 5. will 

Let. 27. o F L E T T E R 3. 

\vill not, I prefume, be intimated, that this is the only 
paffage of the kind. For were it the only one, yet 
where the evidence is infallible, we need not the mouths 
of two or three witnefles to eftabliih the matter in de- 
bate. However, for further fatisfadHon, we may confult 
I The(J'. iii. 1 1, 12, 13. a The If. ir. 16. If we confider 
thefe texts in conjunction with thofe fcripfures which 
ipeak of the Holy Ghoft as a diftinct peribn, we (hall 
perceive a beautiful propriety, and a particular em- 
phaiis, in underflanding the verfes as mentioning the 
iacred perfons Severally. The latter text especially, 
confidered in this view, is extremely pertinent, has a 
very admirable propriety, and agreeably to a maxim 
laid down by a great jnaiter of correct writing : 

Redder e perjonx Jc it convenient ia cinque. 
Our Lord Jefus Chrift himfelf, and God, and our 
Father, who hath loved us, end given us everlafting 
confolation, and good hope through grace, comfort 
your hearts, and eftablifh you in every good word and 
work. Suppofing the three perfons implored in this 
Supplication, every thing that is attributed to each, 
has a perfect conformity with that part, which each 
is rcprefented as aciing, in the bieffed work of redemp- 
tion ; <?. g. Our Father, who hath loved us ; for God 
fo loved the world, faith St John, that he gave his 
oniy-begotten Son. God, the Holy Ghoft, who hath 
given us everlafting corilblation ; for it is the peculiar 
office of the blelfed Spirit to adminirter comfort, call- 
ed therefore the Paraclete. Jefus Chrift, who hath 
given us good hope through grace ; We have hope inr 
Chrift, faith the a'poftle to the Corinthians ; and nothing 
is more frequently celebrated, by the apoftolical wri- 
ters, than the grace of our Lord [efus Chrift. Behold 
then a pertinency, a beauty, a iignificant diftinftion, 
and an ex-^ct harmony between all the parts of this 
verfe, if taken in our fenle ; but a ftrange, confuted, 
tautological kind of diction, if you difallow, that the 
three divine perfons are diftinftly a-pplied to. 


43* A COLLECTION Let. 27; 

Page 6. it is fiiggefttd, u That we may incur the 
refentment of tlie other two peribns, as mewing a 
neglect or diirefpecc to them, if, of our own heads, we 
Ihould, in any peculiar and diitinguilhing form, wor- 
ihip the Father." This, lure, is a moft unworthy 
iniinuation, as though the infinitely fublime and glo- 
rious perfons of the Godhead were meanly ambitious, 
or weakly jealous. This is meaiuring the Deity, not 
by our reaibn, which is a very incompetent Itandard; 
not by our fenfes, which are itill more inadequate 
judges; but even by our fordid and vile affections. 
But not to infill upon this grofs error ; not to aggra- 
vate this affront olfercd to the adorable Trinity ; this 
intimation, and others of the like ilrain, fecm to be 
founded on a great miltake, with relation to the nature 
of the Godhead. The elfence is one, though the per- 
ibns are diiiinct, So that whatever honour is paid to 
any perfon, is paid to the one, undivided offence, li 
we call Jefus the Lord, St Paul allures us, it is to. the 
glory of God the Father. Whoever fees the Son, 
our Saviour himfelf declares, fees the Father alfo. 
(/. e.) Whoever has a right undcritanding of the Son, 
and fees by faith his divine excellencies ; that man 
iees, is acquainted with, the perfections of the Father 
alfo ; and for this obvious reaibn, becaufe the Father 
and Son are one. And will not this hold good with 
regard to the Holy Spirit ? If fo, whatever honour 
is paid to one, is paid to all the three facred pet ions : 
or rather whatever devout afcriptions of praiie arc 
addrefTed to either of the divine peribns, they are ad- 
drefled to the one living incomprehenfible God. I 
wifh Mr funiKint had attended to this conikleration. 
It might have guarded him againfl ibn?e other unwary 
expreffions, which imply the notion of Polytheiiin ; 
particularly that in page io. where he tells us, 
" That the fcripture lets forth the Father and the Son 
as the objects of worfhip." I cannot find any fuch re- 
preicntation it) fcripture. The fcripture is uniform, 


Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 

and confiftent, and fpeaking of but one God, fpeaks 
of but one object of divine worfhip, viz. the infinite 
Deity diftinguimed by a threefold perfonality. 
may feem Itrange ; but fince we have the Saviour's 
word, and the apofUe's evidence^ to fupport the te- 
net, it mould, methinks, be admitted as true. This 
may feem ftrange, but is it therefore to be rejected as 
falie ? At this rate, we mult deny the exiltence of a 
thoufand phenomena in nature ; we mud explode as 
impoffibilities numberlefs apparent fads. 

Page 7. the inquirer advances a very unaccount- 
able propofition." 1 It (hould feetn," fays he, u that the 
Son of God had quitted for that time(during his hu- 
miliation) his claim to divine worfhip ; though it 
fhould be granted that he did receive divine worfliip 
before." I mad aik with the. Jeiuifh ruler, How can 
thefe things be ? Can God abandon his Divinity : >.n 
he ceafe to be fupremely great and good ? Is he not, I 
would' not fay by the neceflity, but by the abibiutc 
perfection of "his nature, to-day, and yefterclay, and 
for ever the fame ? Iffo, itfeemsimpoflibk, that crea- 
tures {hould, for fo much as a fingle inftant, be re- 
leafed from the duty of adoration ; it fe<rms impoffible, 
with reverence be it fpoken, that God {hould relinquiih 
his claim to their profoundeft homage. '^ his would 
be to deny himfelf ; which the apoftle reckons among 
the o/ u 2T, 2 Tim. ii. 13. vrr*<re- ; uro s ^u.? 3 .,^ i"ns te- 
net, I imagine is contrary, not only to reafon, but 
to fcripture. 1 ihould be pleafed to know, whether 
Mr Tonkins^ when he was compofmg this paragraph, 
recollected that memorable faying of our Lord, johrt 
iii. 13. No man hath afcendcd into heaven, but he 
who came down from heaven, even the Son of 
man (>*, not ,, or **) who is in heaven* Is not 
this a manifeft proof that our Saviour was in heaven 
by his divine nature, even while his human nature 
was fojourning on earth, or confined within the limits 
of a fcanty apartment ? And if the divine Son, whild 
VOL. V. N 25. 3 I holding, 

434 A COLLECTION Let. 27, 

holding, in his humanity, a conference with Nicodejntif^ 
was preient by his Godhead in the heavenly regions, 
could the angels be infeniiblc of his prefcnce ? and if 
ieniible of his pretence, could they with-hold their 
adoration ? Credat Judxns j4\)dla^ tmn ego. Let So- 
cniiuKs^ ancl men that are called infidels, believe fiich 
an abiurdity, I cannot reconcile it to my apprehen- 
iions. Onr Lord emptied himfelf, it is true ; becauie, 
when lie appeared among mortals, he appeared with- 
out the pomp and fplendor of his celefHal majeily. 
He fuffcrcd no fuch glory to irradiate and adorn his 
pcricn, r.s iiirrounded him on the mount of transfigu- 
ration, and will invelt him when he comes to judge 
the world; but was, in all things, fuch as we are, fin 
only txcepted. Thus he humbled himfelf, not by dii- 
robing his eternal Godhead of its cfleniial dignity, but 
by with-holding the manifcftations of it, in that infe- 
rior nature, which he was pleafed to alfume. 

Page 8. our author feems to miftake the meaning 
of that royal edict, iflued out in the hes.venly world, 
Let all the angels of God worlhip him *. He fuppofes 
this was a command to worfhip the Son in the iiiblimc 
capacity of Go.l over all. This, iurely, could not be 
the fenie of the words. Becauie a command of fuch 
an import, muft be ncedleis. This was the natural, 
the unchangeable, the indilpcnfable duty of all crea- 
tures ; and thofe fuperior intelligences could 
not but eafily clifcern, fuch as thoie upright fpirits 
could not but readily obty, without any particular in- 
junction. The command, therefore, 1 apprehend, is 
rather referable to the humanity of our blefled Re- 
deemer ; to that nature in Immamiel, which purged 
away our fins, .by becoming a propitiatory facrifkc. 
This was made higher than the angels. This had an 
illuftrious name given it, to which every knee fhould 
bow. This was exalted into heaven, angelc, and au- 
thorities, and powers, being made fubjett unto the 
man Chrift Jefus. If this rrmark be true, then our 
* Keb. i. 6. author's 

Let. 27. o F L E T T E R S. 435 

author's interpretation is erroneous; confequently, his 
round-about argument, derived from a miitaken prin- 
ciple, inuft fall to nothing. 

Page 12. in the note our objedor afks, " Bid the 
people of Ifracl^ upon hearing thefe \vords, I am the 
Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the iar.d of 
Egypt, ever imagine, that there were three peribns 
then fpeaking :" This qneftion, I fuppofc, is intend- 
ed to invalidate the doctrine of the Tiinity. But the 
great article (lands upon a rock, too impenetrable to 
be undermined by iuch an interrogatory, too im- 
moveable to be fhaken by iuch a fuggtiiion. I pre- 
tend not, to give a categorical aniwer to the query ; 
but only deiire to obierve, that the people of IJrael 
have feveral intimations, in their facred bocks, of a 
plurality of peribns in the unity of the divine elfence. 
They were accuflomed to hear MoJ'es fpeak in the 
plural number, when he relates the wonderful work 
of creation, Let us make man. Their inipired and 
royal preachers fpoke of the almighty Maker of them, 
and of all things, in plural terms, Remember now thy 
Creator *, in the original Creators. The prophets 
acknowledged and teach this grand myftery, particu- 
larly the evangelical prophet Ifaiah, chap. Ixiii. 9, 10. 
So that, if the children of Jacob and Jujep/i were ig- 
norant of this awful truth, it feems owing ratTier to 
the blindnels of their underitandings, than to the want 
of proper ditcoveries from above. But be the cafe, 
as it is ibppofed, with regard to the 'Jews. Are we 
obliged to copy their ignorance ? Muft their fenti- 
ments be our guide ? their imaginations the model 
of our creed f Surely, for a Chrillian to argue, or 
even to furmife, that thysre is no iuch thing, becayfe 
the ancient Jews were not acquainted with it, is alto- 
gether as unrcaibnable, as it would be unphiloib; 
cal to maintain, that there are no iuch places as Ame- 
rica, or Greenland, becaufe they were belli unknown 

312 to 

* Eccl. xii. i, 

43* A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

to the ancient inhabitants of Canaan. MrTomkinj can- 
not but know tint it is the excellency of the evange- 
lical dilpenlation, to take oft" the veil from the Mojai- 
cal. we, by comparing their law with our gol- 
pel, by applying the interpretation of our apoftles to 
the doctrines of tiieir prophets, are able to ice clearly 
what they perceived but dimly. Ye do always refift 
the Holy Gholr, lays St Stephen, as your fathers did, 
lo do yc *. If this reproof be compared with the fc- 
veral narratives, recorded in the Old Tedament, con- 
cerning the ftiff -necked and refractory behaviour of the 
'Jew j,we (hall gather by the cleared deduction, that the 
Holy Ghoit is Jehovah. Perhaps, the Ijraelites, when 
they heard the Pfalmift playing upon his harp, and 
{inging this congratulatory hymn of praife, Thou art 
attended up on high, thou hail led captivity captive, 
and received gifts for men ; yea, even for thy enemies, 
that the Lord God might dwell among them f ; the 
Israelites , I fay, upon hearing thefe words, might not 
be aware, that the perfon who afccnded up on high, 
was the blefled Jefus ; and that the Lor d God dwelling 
among, dwelling in depraved difobedient mortals, to 
renew and reclaim them, was the Holy Ghoft. But 
we, by collating Eph. \v. 8. with the former part of 
the verfe ; and John xiv. 17. Rom. viii. n. with the 
latter, are, to our exceeding great conlblation, brought 
to the knowledge of thefe glorious doctrines. 

Page 24. our author obfervcs, " That Dr H^atts 
would prove the propriety of paying divine wormip 
to the Holy Ghgit, from the form of adminifteringbap- 
tifm." 1 his argument he undertakes to invalidate. 
He proceeds in a very unexpected manner ; fprings a 
mine, of which we were not at all apprehenfive. 
What if it ihould turn to the overthrow of his own 
tenet ? The Doctor maintains, " That baptifm is a 
piece of worfliip." Our author replies, " That hear- 
ing the word, in the public aflemblies, may alfo be re- 

* A<fo viit 51. t Ffal. Ixviii. 18. 

Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 437 

puted a piece of worfhip." May it To? Then ex ore 
tuo Your own conceffion confutes your opinion. For, 
if to hear the word with aiiiduity, with reverence, 
with an humble expectation of its becoming the in- 
ftrurnent of our ialvation ; if this be a fpecies of wor- 
fhip, it is, doubtleis, a worfhip paid to him, who is 
the author and giver of the word. Now, we are lure, 
that it was the Holy Ghoft, who ipake by the prophets, 
who fpake by the apoftles, who fpake all :he words 
of that life, which, in our religious congregations, 
are explained and enforced. 

Page 15. Mr Tomkins urges the expreflion ofStPaul, 
I Cor. x. 2. which I cannot forbear fufpecling, not- 
withflanding all the remonftrances of charity, which 
thinketh no evil, he wilfully mifunderftands. It is 
evident, on the very firfl glance, that Mofes, in that 
place, cannot mean the man Mojes ; but the lyftem of 
religion, the body of laws, moral, judicial, and cere- 
monial, which were, by him, delivered to the Jews. 
Is it therefore a proof, that to be baptized into the 
name of the Holy Ghoft is no act of worfhip to that 
divine perfon, becaule it was no acl: of worfhip to 
Mojcs, to have been baptized into an ccconomy infti- 
tuted by God, and only promulged by Mojes? 

For my part, I am ftedfaftly perfuaded, thatto be 
baptized into the name of the Holy Ghoft, is a very 
noble and fublime kind of worfhip ; not to fay, an 
indifpenfable obligation to all other inftances and de- 
grees of worlhip. It is coupled with that greatcft of 
Chriftian duties, believing. Which 1 take to be a 
worfhip of the mind, far more important than any 
bodily homage ; without which, all external cxjirei- 
fions of adoration are mere formality. He that be- 
lieveth, and is baptized, fhall befavcd. I verily think, 
no one will deny, that baptifm is, at leaft, equal in 
its import to circumcifion ; inflcad of which it feems 
to be fubftituted. Now, circumcifion was evidently a 
token and ratification of the covenant of Jehovah. It was 

a vifiblc 

438 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

a vifible atteftation to the perfon circumcifed, that the 
Lord was his God, engaged by covenant to protect, 
bids, and make him finally happy. It was a folemn 
declaration of an abfolute felf-furrender to the bleffed 
God, to acknowledge him for the only Lord, to ferve 
him in all dutiful obedience, to leek his glory, and to 
be refigned to his wiil. This Teems to have been the 
meaning of that divinely-appointed rite, emphatically 
exprefled inthofewordsof the Jeiuijh legiilator, Thou 
hail this day avouched the Lord to be thy God, to 
walk in his ways, and to keep his ftatutes, and to 
hearken unto his voice. And the Lord hath avouched 
thee this day to be his peculiar people *. And can 
we imagine, that baptifm, which has fuperfeded cir- 
cumcifion, is inferior to it in fignificancy ? Or can we 
imagine, thatthefe iolemn aclsof recognizing the Lord 
for our only God, and confecrating ourielves to his 
honour, are no expreflions of worlhip ? 

Though this dedication of ourielves to the fervice 
of the Holy Ghoft (hould be implied in the ordinance 
of baptifm, u ftill it muft be granted," replies our 
author, u that this can be no other fervice of the Spirit, 
than what is enjoined in the New Teftament," (page 
15.) Thereby inh'nuating, that it is ibmewhat differ- 
ent from the fervice we itand engaged to yield both 
to the Father and to the Son. But, according to all 
the allowed methods of fpeech, the baptized perfon is 
dedicated alike to each of the three facred perlbns : 
he avows them all to be the objeft of his worihip, and 
the author of his falvation. There is no manner of 
difference in the terms which fpecify the obligations; 
and iince divine wifdom has made them the fame, why 
mould we prefume to pronounce them divei fe ? How 
unaccountably-Orange would the baptifmal form be, 
on our objector's interpretation ; I baptize thee into 
an obligation to adore, to obey, to worihip the Father 
and the Son ; but not to pay the fame reverential and 

* Deut. xxvi. 17, 18. 

Let. 27. OF LETTERS, 439 

devout regards to the Holy Ghoft ? What writer of 
ingenuity, in order to iupport a fingular hypothecs, 
would do fuch apparent violence to the meaning of 
the iacrcd text ? What reader of difcernment would 
become a convert to an opinion, which muft darken 
and pervert the moft evident fenfe of fcripture, in or- 
der to acquire an air of plaufibility ? Suppofe a per- 
fon fliould, in making his laft will, exprefs himfelf in 
the following ftyle : 1 conftitute A, B, and C, my joint 
executors ; I give and bequeath to them, whatever 
remains of my eftatc and goods, when my legacies 
are paid, and my debts cleared. Would it not be a 
mod extravagant and unreafonable pretence, if a cap- 
tious neighbour mould maintain, that C is not vefted 
with an equal power, has not a right to an equal dividend 
with A and B ? If a gentleman of the long robe fliould 
offer to give this for law,would he not forfeit his charac- 
ter either of fagacity or integrity ? If none of thefeob- 
fcrvationswill convince Mr Tomkins, that he hasmifre- 
prefented the tenor and extent of thcbaptifmal engage- 
ment, we will, in order to bring the matter, if poffible, 
to an amicable accommodation, accede even to his own 
aifertion. He argues, "That no other fervice of the 
Spirit can be meant, but fuch as is enjoined in^the 
New Teftament." Agreed ; let us join hTuc on this 
footing. Let us reft the cauie on this bottom. As it 
is Mr Tomkins's, own motion, I hope, he will acqnicice 
in the rcllilt of fuch a trial. Now, the New Tefta- 
ment, both virtually and explicitly, requiies us to 
acknowledge the Holy Gholt to be God and Lord ; 
and what fervice is payable, according to the preferip- 
tions of the New Teframent, to fuch a Being ? This, 
and no other, I would render myfelf ; this, and no o- 
thcr is rendered by all the churches. 1 do not ib much 
as attempt to be an advocate for any other wodhip 
to be addreflbd to the Divine Spirit, than whnt the 
evangelical fcriptures direct us to offer unto that ma- 
jellic and venerable, that tremendous and amiable 


440 A COLLECTION Let. 27, 

name, The Lord our God. If therefore the New Tef- 
flament demands all honour and adoration, as the in- 
violable due of this molt exalted Being, then Mr 
Tomkins mult either flatly deny the divinity of the 
Holy Ghoft, muft contradict the expreis declaration of 
the infpired writers on this head, or elfe confefs, that 
his notion Hands condemned even on his own prin- 

What is alleged from 1 Cor. i. i 3. this feems to cor- 
roborate our fentiments, rather than to fupport his. 
St Paul afks, with warmth, and a fort of holy indig- 
nation nr TO ovoyua nan** i&axTia-briTi ; he fpeaks of it as an ab- 
iiird and {"hocking thing. Now, what could render 
this fo odious and monftrous a practice ; fuch as the 
apofHe difclaims and rejects with abhorrence ? No- 
thing, that I can apprehend, but the horrid evil it 
would imply. The evil of afcribing divine honours 
to Paul, making Paul an object of worfhip, and con- 
fecrating perfons to a creature, who ought to be con- 
fecrated only to the Creator, God blefTed for ever. 
So that I muft declare, I think this text a ftrong inti- 
mation, that baptifm is really a facred fervice or di- 
vine worfhip, which it is utterly unallowable for any 
creature to affume or admit. Therefore, the good a- 
poftle renounces it, with a noble kind of deteftation ; 
much like the angel, who, when John offered to fall 
at his feet, and do him homage, cries, o?<* M &ia 

wfoo-xv<rov *. 

The apoftolical benediction is another paffage ufual- 
ty and deiervedJy produced, in juftification of our 
practice. Mr Tomkins alleges, "That this is very differ- 
ent from a direct addrefs by way of prayer to the Spi- 
rit," (page 17.) It feems to me to be an undoubted 
prayer, and to have the very fame force as if it had 
been exprefled in the more common precatory form; 
O Lord Jeiiis Chrift, vouchfafe them thy grace ; O 
God of goodnefs, grant them thy love ; O eternal 


* Rev. xxii. 9. 

Let. 27- OF LETTERS. 

iSpirit, accompany them with thy comfortable pre- 
icnce. That this is the purport of the words, is un- 
deniable ; and where is the extraordinary difl-Vri-nce, 
whether they be introduced by an efto, or a j(icf I 
believe, rill will allow the form ordained by God 
(Numb. vi. 24, 25,. 26.) for the nie of the Jcuifh 
priefts, was a real prayer: The Lord bid's thce. and 
keep thce ; the Lord make his face to Pnine upon thce, 
and be gracious unto thce; the Lord lift up the light 
of his countenance upon thee, and give thee pence 1 
If this was an addreis to the Almighty, the apoiVoli- 
cal benediction is exactly of the fame nature. To lay, 
that it was only a kind of with, and not dcitgncd for 
a devout afpiration to Jehovah, mull greatly clebafc 
,ind enervate it: not to hint, that this facerdotal blot- 
fing contained a recognition of three divine peribns, 
which might be obfcure in that age, but has been ful- 
ly illuftrated by the apoftles : not to hint, the great 
probability, that St Paid had this very paflage in his 
eye, when he breathed out his benedidtivc prayer, 
and pnrpofely intended to explain it in the evangeli- 
cal fenfe. Befides, I would cldire to know, v/hether 
any minifler could, with a iiife confcience, uie the fol- 
lowing benediction? The grace of our Lord.jefus 
Chrifi, and the love of God, and the fcllmvihip of the 
Virgin Mary, be with you all, amen! Why ihould a 
cnnfcientious minifter be afraid of uiing Inch a form. 
if it be no prayer? if it be not a virtual aicrsption of 
nmnifcience, omniprefcncc, r.nd omnipotence to the 
X'irgin, rind, in conlequcnce of tlioic attributes, a ilip- 
plicatory addreis to her ? Still we are encountered 
v/iih another objection, lt If 1 {iioulti lay to a friend, 
May the good angels attend you ; flinll this he cnllrd 
a praying to the artels ':" I*:r '/;/-;/ ///j himfclf mivft 
own, "if he will deal fairly, that the cafe is by no means 
parallel. The cleel angels dill-wow all divine worfiiip, 
but does the Holy Ghoil do this ? The elect p.njrrls are 
iniftering i'pirits, but of ihc Holy Ghoil it is iaul, 
\ OL. V. N 25.- 3 K The 

442 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

The Lord is that Spirit. The angels are confefTedly 
i seated and finite beings, io that it would be ablurdi- 
tv and blafphemy to invocate them ; but the Holy 
Ghoft is poffeiTed of the perfections, performs the 
works, and is called by the incommunicable name of 
Goci, io that it is vviidom and piety to pray to. him. 
For which renfons, 1 make no doubt, but that when- 
ever the apollles put up ilich an ejaculation, "! r 
ay t * iiifjuuarof fill* WTO* v*uv, they accompanied it with a de- 
vout mental addrefs to the uncreated Spirit : becaufe 
it would be a piece of irreverence and of folly, barely 
to wi(h the mercy, and not apply to that ever-prcfent 
Being for its accompliihment. 

As for the other arguments which Dr ffatts ad- 
vances, in order to vindicate the cuftom of afcribinj; 
praile to the Holy Ghoft, viz. u That it may be ex- 
pedient to practife it frequently in ibme churches, 
where it h;is been long ufed, left great offence (hould 
be given.'"' That it may be proper to ufe it forae- 
times, on purpofe to hold forth the doctrine of the 
Trinity in times of error, and to take away all fufpi- 
rion of hereiy from the public worfhip." Thefc con- 
iidcrations i leave to thcr Doctor. I have no inclina- 
tion to try my ikill ar luch weapons, but chufe to act 
with regard to them, as David acted in relation to 
Saul's armour ; becanfe, i really think, that they ra- 
ther encumber than uphold the caufc : They are fa 
unwarily worded, that they reprefcnt the practice, 
not as a noble effential piece of divine worfhip, found- 
ed on the ftrongefk and moil invariable principles, al- 
ways datable to our neceilities, and always correl- 
pondent to the nature of the bleffed Spirit ; but as an 
occasional and time-ferving expedient ; to be uicd, 
not condantly, liut now and then only ; and that, to 
anfwer a turn, none of the mou: important, to avoid 
not any real deficiency in worfhin, but onlv a fufpi- 
cion of herefy. Where-eyer 1 am felicitous to fecure 


Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 443 

the conclufion, I would by no means offer to deduce 
it from iiich uniblid and precarious premifes. 

t have now examined the molt confulerable objecli- 
ons, urged by Mr Tomkins, againft the unanimous prac- 
tice of Chriitian congregations whether they conform 
or dilfent. I (hall only beg the continuance of your 
candour and patience, while I touch upon another par- 
ticular or two, which may farther corroborate our 
cuftpm, and prove it to be iomewhat more than war- 

Suppofe we produce a command of our Lord Jefus 
Chrift ; will this be fufficient to afcertain the prac- 
tice ? Does not our Saviour give this charge to his 
apoftles f Pray ye the Lord of the harveit, that he 
would lend forth labourers into his harvell: *. Now, 
1 would humbly afk, Who the Lord of this fpiritual 
harvelt is ? Shall we refer ourfelves to fcripture for fa- 
tisfa&ion ? Will Mr Tumkinr abide by the determina- 
tion of fcripture ? will he honeftly acknowledge, that, 
if the fcripture declares the Holy Gboft to be the Lord 
of the harveft, we have then a clear commillion, a po- 
iitive command, to addrefs ourfelves by way o'f prayer 
to the Holy Ghoft ? It is the Hoiy Gholl who ap- 
points the labourers that are to be employed in* this 
harve(t : The Holy Ghofl faid, Separate me Barnabas 
and Saul, for the work whcreunto I have called 
them f , It is the Holy Ghoft, who qualifies the work- 
men, that arc to dilpatch this momentous butinefs, 
with wifdom, with kno\\led^e, with utterance, and 
with all miraculous abiiititrs, i Cor. xii. 8, 9, 10, II. 
It is tLi* Holy Ghoft who makes thefe labours effectu- 
al, and crowns them with ample lucceis, Afl* x. ^4. 
1 T/ifflf. i. 5. From tlieie fcriptures, and their tefti- 
monies concerning the bleffed Spirit, it feems indifpu- 
tably ]>lain, that he is Lord of the harveft. Can we 
have a more forcible motive to pray unto him, than 
the confideration of his fui-crintcnuing, conducting, 

3 K 2 and 

* Matth. ix. 38. Luke x. 2. -j- Afts xiii. 2. & xx. 28. 

444 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

and proipfM-in^ the progrefs of (that heft of bleifings) 
the everialHng golpel ? Need we a better warrant tc 
offer our devouteft applications to him, than our Lord's 
cxprcis injunction, viewed iu connexion with thei'e 
remarkable texts ? 

Suppofe I prove farther, that the heavenly beings 
pay divine worfhip to the Holy Gholt ; luppofe I 
(hew you angels and archangels in poftures of pro- 
found adoration at the throne of the eternal Spirit, 
and glorifying him in drains of the rnoft fublime de- 
votion. Will this be allowed a proper precedent for 
our practice i 1 will any one be fo bold as to affirm, that 
lie is unfit to receive the worihip of mortals on earth, 
if it; appear that he is the object of angelical worfhip 
in the heaven of heavens ? In the fixth chapter of /- 
jaia/i^ we meet with one of the grandeft reprcfcnta- 
tions imaginable: Jehovah exhibits himfelf to the en- 
tranced prophet, f bated on a lofty and augufh throne ; 
before him Itood the immortal hofls of feraphim ; they 
veiled their faces in token of dcepeft felf-abafement ; 
they lifted up their voices with a rapturous fervour, 
and uttered this magnificent acclamation, Holy, holy, 
holy is the Lord of hofts ; the whole earth is full of 
his glory. The trilagium of the ieraphic armies ieems 
to intimate, that they addrefled their praifes to the 
one Jehovah in a trinity of perfons. If you look for- 
ward to verle 8. you will find another circumllance 
confirmingthis remark ; for the glorious Majesty {peaks 
of himfelf, in the plural number, Who will go for us ? 
But the proof i chiefly depend on, the proof which is 
absolutely incontefhble ; which none can deny, with- 
out luppoiing themlelves better judges of the ienfe of 
Icripture, than the apoftles ; this proof is found in 
Ads xxviii. 25. where St Paul evidently applies the 
words, ipoke by this majeftic and divine Being, to 
the Holy Ghoft, ' Well fpake the Holy Ghoft, faying. 
And if he attributes the words to this i'acred per- 

), who dares fcparate the honours ? Since all muft 


Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 

allow, that the perion who gives the commiflion to 
the prophet, and the perion whom the celeftial legions 
adore, is one and the lame. Since therefore the an- 
gels addrefs the Holy Gholt with folemn acts of praife ; 
iince they bear united teftimony, that the whole earth 
is full of his glory ; Mr Tomkins mould confider whe- 
ther he acls a becoming part, in endeavouring to ex- 
clude his glory from any Chriftian congregation by his 
example, and from every Chriftian congregation by his 

If Mr Tomkins mould Mill think his own opinion 
iufficient to over-rule all thefe allegations of icripture, 
of greater weight than the practice of St Paul to the 
TheJJalonians ; more unexceptionable, and fitter to be 
admitted as our pattern, than the example of the an- 
gelic hoft ; I cannot but imagine, that the propriety 
of our cuftom is apparent even on the tenor of his 
own favourite notions. Page 12. he quotes that grand 
and fundamental law of revealed religion, " Thou 
(halt worfliip the Lord thy God, and him only male 
thou ferve." He proceeds to confider, who this Lord 
oar God is, whom we are to ferve. He then informs 
us, " it appears from the whole current of fcripture, 
in the New Teftament, as well as the Old, that ifris 
he, who, in times paft, fpake unto the Fathers by the 
prophets." Rightly judged. We make no appeal 
from this verdict, but acquiefce in it, though it is his 
own. Only taking along with us St Peter's declaration, 
Prophecy came not in old time (rather, at any time, 
unquam, not olitn, *TI, not x*.) by the will of man, 
but holy men of God fpake, as they were moved by 
the Holy Ghoft *. Mr Tomkins himfeif maintains, that 
the genuine and undoubted object of divine worfhip, 
is that infinitely wife and gracious Being, who fpako 
to our Fathers by the prophets ; and St Peter, in the 
mofl cxprcih manner poffible, aflertSj that thisinfiuite- 

* 2 Per. i. 21. 

446 A COLLECTION Let. 27. 

ly wife and gracious Being, who fpakc by the prophets, 
is the Holy Ghoft. Can demonflration ittclf uc plainer .' 
Sure, then, Mr Tonkins mull either rctiact his poliuoit, 
ordiUllowthe apoltle's application of it, orelic give us 
leave to adhere inviolably to our practice, and to look 
upon it as juitifiable beyond all reasonable exception, 
and, what ihould carry fome peculiar weight with our 
author, juftifiable on principles of his own. 

May I urge this point a little farther? I (hould be 
glad to know, what is the fcriptural meaning of be- 
ing converted unto the Lord ? Is it not, to renounce 
every lying vanity, to foriake every evil way, and 
turn to the Lord with all our heart ? that we may 
fear him, love him, put our whole trull in him, and 
ferve him truly all the clays of our life. Docs not this 
include ibme, rather is it not comprehenfive of all 
worihip ? So that if it is certain from fcripture, that 
iinners are to be converted .to the Holy Ghoft ; then 
it is equally certain, that Iinners are to pay not fome 
only, but all worfhip, to that blefled Being, who is 
the centre of their fouls, and the fource of their hap- 
pinefs. Be pleated to read attentively 2 Cor. iii. 16, 
17. and we dare venture to ftand by your dccifion. 

Let me add one more confideration, and I have 
done. The blefled Spirit is to help our infirmities in 
prayer, Rom. viii. 26. The Spirit is to fubdue our ini- 
quities, and mortify the deeds of the body, Ro>n. 
viii. 13. The Spirit is to fhed abroad the love of God 
in our hearts, Rom. v. 5. The Spirit is to fanclify us 
wholly, in all our faculties, i Theff. v. 23. The Spirit 
is to transform us into the divine image, 2 Cor. iii. 18. 
The Spirit is to feal us unto the day of redemption, 
Eph* iv. 30. and to be the earned of an incorruptible 
inheritance, Ep/i. i. 14. In a word, from the Spirit 
we are humbly to expect all the fruits of goodnefs, 
i ightcoufnefs, and truth, Ep/i. v. 9. Now, what a 
comfortable profpedl rifes before us, if this Spirit be 
the all-fufficient, the infinite God, to whom nothing 


Let. 27. OF LETTERS. 447 

is impofTiblc ; who is able to do for us exceedingly 
abundantly even above all that we can afk or think 1 
But how languid muft be our hopes, how fcanty our 
expectations, if he be not the divine Being, but only 
fo ae finite exiflence ! And, in another (late of things, 
to whom will righteous fouls acknowledge themfelves 
inexpreffibly indebted, to whom will they return their 
ardent thanks, and addrefs the in oft joyful praifcs, 
but to the author of .all thcfc ineflimable blcffings ? If 
this then is likely to be the employ and the delight of 
heaven, Ihould it not be begun on earth ? 

Upon the whole ; Since the cuflom of offering 
prayer, and addreffing praife, to the Holy Ghoft, is 
contrary to no text of fcripture, is founded upon his 
divine nature, and refults from the indifpenfable obli- 
gation of creatures to worfhip the Godhead : Since 
it was undeniably the practice of the Chriftian church, 
in its pureft days, and has been received, by unani- 
mous approbation, for many hundreds of preceding 
years: Since ir is probable, if we v/ill allow their 
doctrines and conduct to be confront, it is certain, if 
we will prefer the moft accurate a:id liitembarraffed 
interpretation of their epiiUes, that the apoilles uiecl 
this method o f worlhip: Since the analogy of the 
whole fcripture juftifies it, and the innumerabie be- 
nefits, which are communicated to us from the bid- 
led Spirit, demand it : Since angels aicribe glory to 
his awful Majefty, and our Saviour directs us to put 
up prayers to his almighty gooclnefs: '1'helc, and o- 
ther coniideratiorsr,, determine me to join, without the 
Icaft fcruple, with full afluranceof itc propriety, in that 
ancient noble doxology . ( Uory be to the Esther, who 
hath loved us with an evcrlattiug love, and to the 
Son, who hath wafhed us fron our fins in his own 
blood, and to the Holy Giiofi, who applies thcfe 
bl cf lings of redeeming grace to our corrupt hearts ; 
to this great, eternal intomprvhcnfible Trinity be 
rendered undivided honours, and immortal praiib ! 


448 A COLLECTION Let. 2 S. 

Having been fo very prolix already, 1 fliall not ren- 
der myfelf more tedious by making any apology, but 
fin 11 only add, what r,o confideration can induce me 
to omit, that 1 am, dear vSir, 

Your obliged friend, err, 


Dear />, Wcfan-Ferucll, March^ 1745-6. 

YOU have fet me a tafk, which I fhould be glad to 
execute, if I was able. God forbid, that 1 fhonld 
he backward to plead for the intcreits of that Re- 
deemer on earth, who, I truft, is making perpetual 
interceflion for me in heaven. But my fear is, left 
the noble cauie fhould fufFcr, by tjie unfldlfulnefs of 
its defendant. It is for this re a- 1 on, purely for this 
rcafon, I wifh to decline accepting the challenge you 
feem to give me in your letter. For this once, how- 
ever, I will enter the lifls, and venture to try the 
ftrength, not of your arrrr, but of your arguments. 

I do not \vndcr, that you have objections to make 
againft Chriftianity. I know fome eminent Chriftians 
who were formerly warm and zealous in the onpofition : 
yet they have frankly owned that their minds were 
then either very inconuderate, or elfe immerfed in 6- 
ther {peculation, and that they had no Jeifure, or no 
inclination to weigh the evidences, and examine the 
nature of the evangelical doctrine. Since they have 
applied theinfelves to confider thefe points, with a fe- 
rioufncfs and attention, becoming an inquiry of the 
Jaft importance; an inquiry, in which their very fowls 
nnd all their eternal interrils were embarked, they arc 
thoroughly convinced, that their former fentiments 
xvere wrong. They are fully pcrfuaded, that the 
ffofpel-infiitutiori is of divine extract; that it is a fyf- 
tem, noble ?.r.d fublime, benevolent and gracious, eve- 
rv \\--y fukablc to the niajefty of God, and admirably 


Let. 28. OF LETTERS. 449 

calculated for the comfort, the improvement, and 
the happincfs of mankind. 

Methinks you will reply, and veryreafonably, "that 
4 all fuch mould be able to account for the change 
' of their opinions." I dare fay they can. But as 
you call upon me fo particularly to vindicate the re- 
ligious principles, which I have from my fancy em- 
braced ; I will now attempt to vindicate them from 
the various charges, of which they ftand arraigned in 
your letter. 

Be pleafed then, dear Sir, to obferve, that the Chri- 
ftian doftrine teaches, that when God brought man 
into being, he bJeflVd him with a ft ate perfectly holy 
and happy. If you read the Bible, the authentic nar- 
rative of our fall, as well as the only guide to our re- 
covery, you will find it an avowed truth, That God 
made man upright. If, therefore, man corrupted him- 
felf, and (as it is impoflible to bring a clean thing out 
of an unclean) polluted his offspring ; where is the 
harfhnels, where the injufticc of the divine procedure 
in adjudging him worthy of death ? Let God be juf- 
tified, and let mortals bear the blame. 

You think it very odd, that this tragical cataftrophe 
fhould be occafioned by eating an apple. So fhould I 
too, was there nothing more in the cafe, than barely 
eating an apple. But this was a wilful and prefump- 
tuous breach of a mod pofitive command, of the on- 
ly command, which the almighty Lawgiver enjoined. 
And the (mailer the matter of the prohibition, the 
more inexcufablc was the fault of not complying with 
it. In this aft of dilbbedience was implied/ the molt 
pcrvcrfe difcontent in the happieft circmnltances ima- 
ginable ; the moft fhameful ingratitude for the m >ft 
incftimable favours; pride and arrogance, even. to an 
unlufterable degree; implicit blatphemy, making God 
a liar, and hearkening to the fuggeftions of the'clc. il, 
in preference to the folcmn declarations of truth itf.lf. 
Indeed, this tranfgreflion was a complication of ni- 

VOL. V. N 25. 3 L quitics; 

450 A COLLECTION Let. 28. 

quitics ; and, tho* reprefented under the extenuating 
terms of eating an apple, was really the moll horrid 
provocation that was ever committed. 

But that the tranfgreflion of Adam mould faften 
guilt, or tranfmit corruption to his latcft pofterity, 
this, you imagine, is all a chimera. If then you was 
created in a perfect ftate ; if you fuffered nothing by 
the original lapfc, why is your heart prone to nutn- 
berlefs evils ? why do you tread in the Iteps of an a- 
poftate ancellor ? why do you violate the law of an 
infinitely-pure God, and too often delight in that a- 
bominable and accurfed thing which he hateth, fin ? 
You are too honeft and ingenuous to deny the truth 
of thefe expostulations. And if fo, you muft allow, 
that your nature was depraved in Adam, or, which 
feems to be more culpable, that you have corrupted 
yourfelf. Then, there is no fuch great caufe to find 
fault with the fupreme Difpofcr of things, for inclu- 
ding you in Adam's trefpals, fince you yourfelf do the 
fame things. 

Is it confident, you afk, with the character of an 
infinitely-good Bring, to make this refolve, That he 
would, on account of this iinglc crime, bring into 
exiftence almofl innumerable millions of creatures, 
fo fpoiled by himfelf, that they fhould all defer ve e- 
ternal damnation ? I anfwer, This is entirely a mif- 
reprefentation of the Chriftian fcheme. It was not 
in coafequcHce of the original crime, that God deter- 
mined to bring the human race into being ; but in pur- 
fuance of his own eternal purpofes, which are always 
the iffue of confummate wifdom, of unbounded bene- 
volence, and will, unlefs his creatures ftubbornly reject 
the overtures of his love, terminate in their unfpeak- 
able felicity. Neither was the human race fpoiled by 
the Creator, but by themfclves. To fuppofe, that the 
Author of all excellence fhould deprave the work of 
bis own hands, is doubtlefs a mocking thought, and 
fuch as we utterly difavow. So far was he from be- 

Let. 28. OF LETTERS. 

ing the fole operator, that he was not fo much as ac- 
ceflary in any degree to their mifery .* but warned 
them of their danger ; charged them to beware ; and 
planted the barrier of his own tremendous threatenings 
between them and ruin. 

You are difpleafed, that everlafting happinefs fliould 
never be attainable by auy of thefe creatures, but by 
thofe few to whom God gives his effectual free grace. 
If the proportion be let in another light, which is 
really the true method of dating it; if we fay, That, 
tho' all have forfeited, yet all may recover everlaft- 
ing happineis, becaufe effectual grace is freely offered 
to all ; what can a man of candour object to fuch a 
difpenfation ? Will he not acknowledge the goodnefs 
of the divine procedure, and inveigh againll the per- 
verfenels of mortals ; the mofl unreafonable perverfe- 
neis of all thofe, who are too proud to be fenfible of 
their want of grace, or too carelefs to trouble their 
heads about it? Will he not be conftrained to declare 
them fuicides, and that they are chargeable, if they 
periih, with their own deflruction ? if we prefcribe 
a medicine of fovcreign efficacy, and the fick is fo 
felf-willed as to refufe the recipe, who is to be bla- 
med, in cafe of a mifcarriage, the phyfichn or the 
patient ? 

When therefore you talk of perfons being unavoid- 
ably damned, you quite miiconceive the tenor of our 
molt merciful and benign inftitution ; which offers for* 
givenefs to all, tho' ever fo profligate, thro* the Sa- 
viour's atonement; which makes a tender of grace to 
all, tho' ever fo abandoned, thro* the Saviour's medi- 
ation. The language, the moil cornpaflionate language 
of which, is, Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways, 
for why will you die ? And becaufe the finner, en- 
llaved to vice, is unable to (hake off the fetters, it 
farther lays, Afk, and ye fhall receive j leek, and ye 
fhall find, grace fufficicnt for you. 

As to the meaning of the term grace, I apprehend, 

3 L 2 it 


it lignifies the pardon of obnoxious, and the accept- 
ance of unworthy peribns, on account of the expi- 
ation and merits of their Redeemer. It imports alib 
a communication of knowledge and (trength to igno- 
rant and impotent creatures, that they may diicern 
their Creator's will, and difcerning, may be enabled 
to perform it. And in forming thtfe ideas, 1 can i'ec 
nothing itupid ; in expecting theie bleflings, nothing 

But dill, perhaps, you think it fcarce reconcileable 
with the wiiclom, the juftice, the mercy of God, to 
fairer mankind to fall. That he forefaw it, and could 
have prevented it, is undeniable. He forefaw it, or 
clfe he could not be omniicient : he was able to have 
prevented it, otherwife he could not be omnipotent. 
But what if the eternal Maker knew, that this 
would give occafion to the molt ample and glorious 
manifeftation of thofe very attributes, which you fuf- 
pect are eclipfed hereby ? Would this conciliate your 
approbation ? would this incline you to acquieice in 
the ceconomy of the gofpel ? 

Certainly it is a moil Stupendous difcovery of wif- 
dom, to iind out a method whereby the feemingly- 
jarring attributes of juftice and mercy may be recon- 
ciled ; whereby the (inner may be faved, without any 
injury to the inviolable holineis of his laws, or any 
derogation to the honour of his juft and righteous 
government. It was impoiiible to give fuch an ama- 
zing proof of his infinite kindnefs for poor mortals, 
as by delivering his own Son to take their inferior 
nature, and bear all their guilt. Nor can there be ib 
iignal an exertion of juftice, as to punifli this mofi: 
excellent perfon, when he itood in the place of offend- 
ers ; or of mercy, as to divert the vengeance from 
their obnoxious to his immaculate and innocent head. 

As from the fcheme of redemption, the highest 
glory redounds to the divine Majefty, fo the richeft 
eonfolation is derived from hence to frail creatures. 


Let. 28. o F L E T T E R S. 

The happinefs of men confifts in the favour of God. 
His love is better than life. To be gracioully re- 
gi\ied by that adorable Being, who itretched out 
the heavens, and laid the foundations of the ear* h ; 
to be the objects of his complacency, whofe fn^le 
constitutes heaven, and whole frown is worfe thsn 
detraction ; this, this is human felicity. And how 
could God almighty give us a brighter evidence, 
a more pregnant proof of his inconceivably-tender 
concern foi us, than by furrendering bis only Son to 
condemnation and death for our fake ? Transporting 
thought 1 big with a delight, which man could ne- 
ver have known, had not Adam fallen. This obviates 
an objection, on which you ftrongiy infift, That you 
and others never conferred to make Adam your repre- 
fentative. For if this method of ordering things be 
productive of a fuperior felicity to all that are willing 
to be happy, then it can be no wrong to the world in 
general, or to any individual perfon in particular. 
No more than it is a wrong to the minor, for his 
guardians to procure interelt for his money, and im- 
prove his eflate, againft the time of his coming Co 

Upon the whole ; There is no reafon to quarrel with 
that fovereign will of God, which permitted us to fall 
in Adam, from thence to contract guilt, to derive pol- 
lution, and ' confequently, to deferve damnation. 
But rather there is abundant cauie to admire, to 
adore, to blefs 1 is holy name, for providing a Re- 
cleemcr ; a Redeemer of unknown dignity, and un- 
utterable perfections ; a Redeemer, by whom all the 
evils of the fall may be more than redreilVd ; a Re- 
deemer, in whom all the awful and amiable attributes 
of the Deity are mod illuftrioufly difplayed ; a Re- 
deemer, through whom the mod wicked and mork 
unfortunate of our race may find mercy, and arrive 
at happinefs ; a Redeemer, who moft compafiionately 
invites all, all that are weary and heavy laden, to COHIQ 


454 A COLLECTION Let. 29, 

to him, and mofl afluredly declares, that wbofoever 
bclieveth in him, fhall not pcrifli, but have everlaltin^ 
life. And is it not ftrange, very flrange, hardly 
credible, fure, that any fhould reject ib great falvatiou, 
and chute death rather than life ? 

Let me beg of you, Sir, to confider thefc points 
with calmneis and impartiality. You cannot but be 
feniiblc, that many learned, many wife, many excel- 
lent perfons, moll cordially believe them ; receive 
their chief fatisfaftion from them ; and would rather 
die, than renounce them. Since it is poflible, at leaft, 
that they may be in th*; right ; fince you do not pre- 
tend to be infallible in your judgment ; and fince you 
acknowledge a Gi unerring wifdom,and everlaft- 
ing goodnefs, let me ^eieech you to implore his gui- 
dance in your fearch, and his direction in your deter- 
mination. For I am not afhamed to own, or rather I 
am bold to maintain, that this wifdom cometh from 
above ; this wildom is the gift of God ; and prayer is 
altogether as necefTary to its attainment, as fagacity 
of mind, or the accomplifiiments of learning. 


Dear S/'r, Wcfton-Pavell, 4pril i. 1746. 

IF you can fpare the Nighf -Thought s^ the bearer of 
this ticket will bring them fafely to Weft on. I pra- 
pofe to read them, when bnllneis is done, and the day 
is fled ; fo that the tinie may correfpond with the 

I hope, the bookfcller has, before this time, waited 
on you with the little volume, which defires your ac- 
ceptance. Was it to pafs through my hands before 
it was preiented, 1 fhould almoft be induced to in- 
fcribe it with that pretty line in Virgil, 

Munera parva quidem^ at magnum tejlantur amorfm. 


Let. 30. OF LETTERS. 455- 

Pray, d'j you think that paflage, Luke vi. 38. ivtrwt* 
<f - xoxrov w^ a , is rightly rendered by our tranflators, 
Shall men give into your bofom ? Is the idea of men 
necefTarily implied in the original ? Or can faft and ex- 
perience juftify the tranflatoi s in giving this fenfe to 
the original ? God, and confcience, and a future ftate 
will amply recompenfe the beneficent ; but whether 
men, the generality of men in this world are thus 
generous and grateful, feems to be a point that wants 
confirmation. This remark was fuggefted in perufing 
the place, but I fubmit it to your judgment, and re- 
main, Dear Sir, &c. 


Dear Sir, Wefton-Favd!, Nov. i. 1746. 

THis morning I received your favour. The day 
lours, and threatens rain, which debars me from 
the pleafure of paying you my thanks ir. perron. 

Mr tiny gens I hope to read very carefully. But, I 
believe, it will be proper to take heed of adopting 'in- 
to my plan any notions that are difficult and abftrufe. 
1 would have every thing fo perfpicuous, that the 
dimmeft understanding may apprehend my meaning ; 
fb obvious, that he who runs, may read Let me lay 
before you a little fleet ch of my defign, with a re- 
q-ieft, that you would alter the general order, and 
make retrenchments, or additions of particular inci- 
dents, as you (hall think moft expedient. 

A contemplative walk. The approach of evening, 
and gradual extinction of light. The advantages of 
folk d .The ftillnefsofthe univerfe. The coolnefs 
o<"thr itmofpherc Darknefs, and its ufefulnefs to 
mankind. Sleep, and its beneficial effects Dreams, 
and their extravagance. A glow-worm glimmering! 
An owl fhrieking. A nightingale- Tinging. The 
very different ciicumftances of mankinu ; fome re- 
velling and caroufing j fomc agonizing and dying. 


456 A C O L L E C.T I O N Let. 30. 

A knell founding . The notion of ghofh walking.- 
The moon, with its various appearances, and fcrvice- 
ablenels, to our globe, the heavenly bodies, their 
number, fize, courfes, diftances, di Inlay many 
of the glorious attributes of their Creator, ibme of 
which are fpccificd. They teach nothing f redemp- 
tion, this the peculiar prerogative of revelation. 
Chrifl the day -dar from on high, that points out, and 
makes clear ;he way of falvation. 

Theic ire ibme of the I!::-: -fts which, I imagined, 
might b'r admitted into the compofition of a Night- 
pi~ce f otiv. occur to your mind more pleafing, 
or more linking, be plea fed to fuggcft them. 

1 am glad to find by the quotation from Mr Locke, 
that your edeem and veneration for the fcriptures 
are ou the increafmg hand. May we be perfuaded, 
ever more and more, of the incomparable excellency 
of thofc facred volumes. This one confideration, that 
they are the bor k of God, is a higher recommendation 
of them, than could be difplayed in ten thoisfand pane- 
gyric orations. For my part, I purpole to addict my- 
felf with more inceffant affiduity to this delightful and 
divine fludy. Away, my Homer ; I have no more 
need of being entertained by you, fince "Job and the 
prophets furnifh me with images much more magni- 
ficent, and leffons infinitely more important. Away, 
my Horace ; nor dial! I fuflfer any lofs by your abfcnce, 
while the fvveet linger of Ilrael tunes his lyre, and 
charms me with the fined flights of fancy, and infpi- 
rits me with the nobled drains of devotion. And e- 
yen my prime favourite, my Virgil, may withdraw ; 
fince in Ifaiah I enjoy all his majefty of ientiment, all 
his correclnels of judgment, all his beautiful propriety 
of diclion, and But I muft have clone. The mei'- 
fenger waits ; he can day no longer, than brr. ely to 
allow me leifure to fubicribc myfclf, Dear Sir, 

L E T- 

Let. 31. OF LETTERS. 457 


Dear 5/r, Wefton-Faucll^ Nov. 22. 1746. 

AS I cannot attend the infirmary this day, permit 
me to take this opportunity of acknowledging 
the favour of your lad. 

The fermon you was pleafcd to lend me, I admire. 
Chrift the great propitiation is, with me, a molt fa- 
vourite fubjedt ; and, I -think, the author has been fo 
happy as to treat it in a clear, nervous, pathetic man- 
ner. I am delighted with his reply, and rejoice to 
obferve, that it has patted a fecond edition. I hope 
the antidote will operate* and fpread as wide as the 
poifon. This writer has another recommendation. 
His concifenefs, added to perfpicuity, renders his ar- 
guments eafy to be apprehended, and not difficult to 
be remembered. I am fo much charmed with his per- 
formance, that I beg leave to keep it a few days long- 
er ; and mould take it as a favour, if, in the mean 
time, you would give the bookieller an order to fend 
for one of the iermons for me. 

i heartily applaud the zeal you (hew for the fpiritual 
welfare of the patients. The infirmary would be an 
ineftimable blelling, if, by the grace of God, it might 
be productive of a reformation in the perfons whom, 
it admits and diicharges. As diureffed objects will in 
all probability reibrt to it from all parts of the county, 
a change wrought in their hearts, and a renewal be- 
gun in their lives, might be a happy means of diffu- 
iing religion far and near. I hope the clergy con- 
cerned in the management of the infirmary will, with 
delight and aifiduity, concur in the proiecution of fo 
defirable an end. I can promife for one, fo far as God 
mail give him ability. [ wifli fome proper fchemc 
were contrived for the execution of this defign, in 
which I might bear foinc little part, without giving 
'imbrage to my brethren, or alarming their jealoufy. 
-1 have iometimes thought of offering to give the 

VOL. V. N 2jT. 3 M p 

A C O L L E C T I O N Let. 31. 

patients a kind of lecture or exhortation once a- week, 
formed upon ibme or other of thofe icriptures, which 
are the (landing memento's of their wards *. Bur, 
ibmetirnes doubtful whether fuch a propofal would 
meet with acceptance, ibmetimes checked by the in- 
firmities of my conftitution, I have hitherto neglected 
to mention the affair ; however, I now venture to 
iubmit it to your confideration. To this, or any o- 
ther more advifeable method, I fliould very readily 
contribute the beft of my affiftance. 

" Are you inclined, dear Sir, to give the poor crea- 
tures all the inflruction in the Chriftian religion you 
are capable of?" We take you at your word ; and 
henceforward look upon you as an aflbciate in our great 
work. In a warfare of iiich unfpeakable importance, 
we are glad to ftrengthcn our force by the accefilon of 
every ally ; much more of fueh an auxiliary, as will 
be regarded by the patients with an uncommon de- 
gree of attention and pleafurc. Nor can I think it 
any wile inconfiflent with the office of a phyfician, 
or any derogation from the dignity of his character, 
to feel the pulfe of the foul, to examine into the fymp- 
toms of fpiritual maladies, to afk exploring queftions 
concerning the habit of the mind, and prcfcribe ac- 
cordingly, either for the purging off the peccant hu- 
mours of vice, cr corroborating the relaxed powers 
of grace. 

May that infinitely condefcending and compaffionate 
Being, who difdained not in his own facred perfon to 
take our ficknefles, and bear our infirmities, both di- 
rect your counfels, and profper your endeavours, in 
this momentous affair. 

I purpofe to wait upon you fome afternoon in the 
next week, and cannot think of a more agreeable to- 
pic of converfation^ than that of concerting meafures 


Texts of fcripture in the -Northampton, Winchsftcr, and 
feveral other infirmaries, are written on the walls, and con- 
liequeuily are very ufeful, if ferioufly reflected on. 

Let. 32. o F L E T T E R S 

for the proper exertion of this labour of love, and en- 
couraging each other to abound in the work of the 
Lord. I am, Dear Sir, 6-c. &c. 


Dear Sir, Weft on- Fern ell, Nov. 29. 1746. 

HAving taken cold, and got a hoarfeneis, I am a- 
fraid to venture abroad ; left I fliould lofe my 
voice, and be incapable of performing the duty of the 

If any method is agreed upon by the committee for 
endeavouring, in fome more effectual a manner, to 
promote the fpiritual recovery, and everlafling welfare 
of the infirmary-patients, I wim you would be fo kind 
as to inform me of it, in a letter : that if any part of 
this generous undertaking mould fall to my fliare, I 
may addrefs myfelf to the profecution of it, with all 
the ability which the divine goodnefs fhall vouchfafc 
to communicate. Or, if there be no need of my con- 
currence, that I may accompany it with my bell wifh- 
es, and, at leaft, further it with my prayers ; 

Who am, <&c. 


My dear friend, 

YOUR laft found me on the recovering hand, get- 
ting ftrength and fpirits, though by flow de- 

Soon after I received your favour, a meffcnger came 
from London, bringing us the alarming news, that my 
youngeft brother was extremely ill. My father's 
bowels yearned, and his heart bled ; but the infirmi- 
ties of age, and an unwieldy conflitution, hindered 
him from taking the journey. Upon me, therefore, 

M 2 the 

460 A COLLECTION Let. 33, 

the office fell. Feeble and languid as I xvas, there 
xras no reje&ing inch a call. Accordingly, I took 
coach, and in two days arrived fafe at London ; where 
I found my poor brother (the packer) Seized with a 
mofl violent fever. He was attended by two eminent 
phyficians ; but they proved vain helpers, and mifer- 
able comforters. For a conliderable time, his fto.ut 
conftitution Struggled with the difeafe, but at laft was 
forced to yield, was forced to drop in the dreadful 
combat. After attending his fick-bed for feveral days, 
i had the melancholy tafk of clofmg his dear eyes, and 
reSigning him up to death. 

Oh ! the uncertainty of mortal things ! What is 
health, but a glimmering taper, that expires while it 
f nines ; and is liable to be extinguifhed by every motion 
of the air ? What is ftrength, but a tender bloffom, 
that is often withered in its fulled bloom ; often blaft- 
ed, even before it is blown ? Who could have thought, 
that I fliould furvive my brother, and follow him to 
the grave ? I Sickly and enervated, he always lively 
and vigorous. In flourifhing c'rcumftances, and blef- 
ied with prosperity in his buSineSs ; but now removed to 
the dark, inaftive, Silent tomb. Lately married to a 
beautiful arid blooming bride ; but now everlaflingly 
divorced, and a companion for creeping things. 

Scarce was 1 returned to Wefion, but another awful 
providence fetched me from home: My very worthy 
phyfician, Dr Stonhoufe, who lives and pracliSes at 
Northampton, had the misfortune to loie an amiable 
and excellent wife. She alfo was fnatched away in 
the morning of life (aged 25,) and dead, before I fo 
much as heard of her being disordered. At this valu- 
able friend's hqufe, I was deiired to abide Some time, 
in order to affift in writing letters for him, and diS- 
patching his neceSiary affairs ; in comforting him con- 
cerning the difeafed ; and (if the will of God be fo) 
in endeavouring to improve the awakening vifitation 
to our mutual good. 


Let. 33. OF LETTERS. 461 

You will furely fay, when you read this account, 
that I have been in deaths oft. Once upon the bor- 
ders of it myfelf, and more than once a fpectator of 
its victory over others. Howe er, my dear friends, 
let us not be difmayed. Let no man's, at leaft no be- 
liever's heart fail, becaufe of this king of terrors. 
Tho* thoufands fall befide us, tho' ten thoufands ex- 
pire at our right hand, and though we ourfelves mull 
quickly give up the ghoft ; yet the word is gone out 
of our great Redeemer's mouth, and it (hall not return 
unfulfilled, I will fwallow up death in victory He fhall 
itand at the latter day upon the earth ; he fhall fay to 
the grave, Give up ; and to the fea, Keep not back ; 
releafe my fons from your dark confinement, and re- 
flore my daughters to their everlafting Father's arms. 
Then (hall we lead him captive, whofe captives we 
were, and triumph eternally over this lad enemy. In 
the mean time, let us lay all our help, all our guilt, 
upon the divine Author of our faith, and Captain of 
our falvation. So mall we no longer be in bondage, 
thro' fear of death ; but, with the faints of old, over- 
come through the blood of the Lamb ; overcome the 
dread, even while we fink beneath the flroke of this our 
mortal foe. 

What I wrote concerning a firm faith in God's moft 
precious promites, and an humble truft, that we are the 
objects of his tender love, is what I deiire to feel, rather 
than what I actually experience., Confiderations they 
are, with which 1 would ply my own heart, in hopes 
that they may be effectually fet home by divine grace, 
in hopes that they may become the happy means of 
making me flrong in faith, and enabling me thereby to 
give glory to God. 

Your remarks op this important point are exceed- 
ingly judicious, and perfectly right. After which, it 
will be inlignificant to my friend, and look like arro- 
gance in his correfpondent, to add, that they exactly 
cjo-Lncide with my fcntiments. 


461 A COLLECTION Let. 33. 

I do not doubt, but there are many dear children 
of the blcfled God, who are in a much better condi- 
tion, with regard to his favour, than they can eafily be 
periuaded to believe. Many iincerely righteous, for 
whom light is Ibwn ; many true hearted, for whom 
joyful gladnefs is prepared : which, tho* latent in the 
furrows of inward tribulation, or opprefled under the 
clods of mifgiving fears, (hall, in another world, fpring 
up with infinite increafe, and yield an evcrlafting haj> 

That humble hope, mixed with trembling, you have 
very pathetically defcribed, in the breathings of a re- 
newed foul, panting after God ; languifhing for the 
tokens of his love ; ardently defiring the final en- 
joyment of him in his heavenly kingdom ; and rely- 
ing wholly on the meritorious paffion, pleading nothing 
but the perfect righteoufneis of Jefus Chrift. Happy, 
without all peradventure, happy the heart, in which 
fuch affections habitually prevail. They are the be- 
ginning of heaven, and will certainly be completed in 
glory. They conftitute a fignal part of that meetnefs 
for the inheritance of fairts in light, concerning which 
the apoflle fpeaks, and which is one of the fureft evi- 
dences of our defignation to that purchafed poffcffion. 
Chrift will in no wile, on no confideration of palt pro- 
vocation, or prefent corruption, either for weakness 
of faith, or want of confidence, caft out fuch a one, 
Let not fuch a one queftion, but he who has begun the 
good work, will accomplish it even unto the end. 

We fhould, however, as you moft pertinently ob- 
fervc, lament all the remains of unbelief, as a mifery ; 
repent of them, as a fin ; and labour to obtain a more 
aflured faith, both as our duty, and our felicity. The 
direction for prayer, you know, is, that we draw near 
in full aflurance of faith ; and, Whatfoever things ye 
afk in prayer, believe that ye receive them, and ye 
(hall have them. The TheJJalonians are commended 
for receiving the gofpel, with much aflbrance of faith. 


Let. 33. OF LETTERS. 

Receiving the gofpel. What is meant by that ex- 
preflion ? believing, that the apofUes were no impof- 
tors ; that Jefus Chrift was the true Meffiah ; and 
that his dodrine came from heaven ? This, and abun- 
dantly more. I apprehend, it implies, That Chrift di- 
ed, not for fins only in general, but for their fins in 
particular ; that he bore all their iniquities, in his own 
bleeding body, and agonizing foul, on the curfed tree ; 
that, all their crimes being fully expiated, the moffe 
rigorous judice would not demand a double payment 
for the lame debt ; and confequently, that there re- 
mained no condemnation for them. This is the glad 
tidings, which they not only attended to, and credited 
with a fpeculative aflent ; but with a perfbnal applica- 
tion of it, each to his particular cafe. And why fliould 
not we do the very fame ? I (hall only fubjoin further 
on this head, what I take to be a very clear and accu- 
rate explanation of the apoftle's celebrated definition 
of faith. Faith is the fubftance of things hoped for, 
the evidence of things not feen ; putting us into a kind 
of prcfent pofleffion of the promifes, and fetting di- 
vine truths before the mind in all the light and power 
of dcmonftration. For this beautiful illuftration of 
the infpircd writer, I am obliged to an excellent cler- 
gyman of this neighbourhood ; who lately favoured us 
with an admirable vifitation-fermon, and, for the good 
of the public, was prevailed onto print it. You will 
give me leave to clofe the topic with a diftinftion, 
which I have fomevvhere read, or on fome occafion 
heard : A diflinftion, which, I think, properly adjufts 
the cafe under confideration ; and fettles it, neither on 
a precarious, nor a difcouraging iffue. Many have the 
faith which bringeth falvation, who have not that faith 
which produceth aflurance ; but none have the former, 
who do not afpire after, and endeavour to poflefs 
the latter. 

On the whole, I heartily hrfeerh the adorable and 
infinitely-gracious Giver of every perfeft gift, to efta- 



blifh, Orcngthen, fettle us in the faith of our Lord Jefus 
Chi lit : that he would fulfil in us all the good pleafurc 
of his will, and the work of faith with power. And, I 
dare fay, we (hall often lift up our hearts to our hea- 
venly Father, 2nd breathe out that ardent petition, Lord, 
I believe; help thou mine unbelief! If wehavefuch 
frequent recourie to the overflowing and inexhauftible 
Fountain of all good; if we add to our prayers medi- 
tation on the merits of Jefus, and on the lure word of 
promife; our faith will grow; the grain of muflard- 
ieed will be quickened, and moot up into a tree ; the 
little drop will become a flream, and the ftream fpread 
into a river. The waters that iflued from the lanclu- 
ary were, at firft, deep to the ancles only ; then they 
arofe to the knees ; foon they reached the loins ; and 
were afterwards waters to iwim in. 

The Contemplations you are pleaicd to inquire after, 
are, after long delays, or a very flow procedure of the 
preis, launched into the world. What may be their 
fate, i dare not conjecture. Whether, by the general 
difapprobation, they may be unfortunately becalmed ; 
or, by the feverity of critics, may fplit on the rocks 
of ceniure ; or, foundering through their own un- 
worthinefs, may fink in oblivion ; or, blefTed by a 
gracious providence, may gain the haven of public 
acceptance, and import thofe moil valuable commodi- 
ties, plcafure, which improves, and improvement, 
which delights. When they reach your parts, be fo> 
good, dear Sir, as to peruie them, firft with the humble 
child-like fpirit of a Chriftian, who iceks religious ad- 
vantage in all that he reads. Next, with the candid 
rigour of a friend, faying, as you proceed, Here his 
thoughts are redundant, and want the pruning- knife ; 
there they are deficient, and call for the grafter's hand ; 
here the language is obfcure, and perlpicuity is the 
only remedy ; there it is inexpreflive, and mud be 
rendered more nervous, in order to reach the judg- 
ment, or ftrike the paffions. Above all, let me beg 


Let, 34. OF LETTER S. 465 

of you .to implore a bleifing from the moft high God, 
both upon the author and his piece ; that the one may 
be a monument of divine mercy, the other a polifhed 
fhaft in the great Immanuel's quiver. 

Should not a fenfe of his love make us more ardent- 
ly defirous of bringing others to partake of that ever- 
lafting blifs, which we humbly expect as our final por- 
tion ; and of which fome foretaftes have been indul- 
ged, even in our prefent ftate ? .Should we not be ftir- 
red up, with greater affiduity and love, to warn every 
man, and exhort every man, that they alfo may be 
prefented perfect in ChrHt, and live forever in the light 
of his countenance \ The book 1 mentioned formerly 
and took leave to recommend, (hall be lent. 1 have 
fet it apart as a prefent for my dear friend ; and whether 
my life be prolonged, or my death h?.ftened, neither, 
of thefe circumftances mall make any alteration in my 
defign. Only let me deiire you, in your next, to give 
me once more the proper directions for conveying it 
to you. For, fome way or other, in my late unfettlcd 
flate, I have miflaid your letter. Pleale to prefent my 
thanks to Mrs *** for her kind wiflies ; and tell her, 
that they are, and (hall be moil cordially returned by 
her and your moll faithful and affectionate friend, 


Dear 5/>, M^cJlon-Favdl^ Feb. 28. 1747. 

I Have read the ingenious gentleman's letter atten- 
tively. Tho* he fays the ftrongefl things that can 
be urged upon the point, I Mill adhere to my femi- 
ments ; and not became they are mine, but the Icrip- 
tures, and fupportablc. I am pc.iuaded by a variety 
of texts from tnc oracles of truth. 1 beg leave to 
wave the profecution of the controverfy. Controver- 
1- is wlv't I naturally diflike, and what I have feldorn 
found advantageous. I knew his opinion, and he has 
VOL. V. N 25-. 3 N given 


.$66 A COLLECTION Let. 35. 

riven me an opportunity of declaring mine ; and would 
only add, tint if in any thing \vc he otherwiie minded 
(than is conliltent with the gotpel of grace,) God, 
(upon a diligent application to his word, and humble 
prayer for the teaching of his Spirit,) will reveal this 
unto us. Phil. iii. 15. 

I have been reading Mr Baxter's, Saints Everlafting 
Re/}) and admire the copiouihei's, the juiinefs, and the 
devotion of his thoughts. How happy the foul, that 
while reading them can make them his own ! May this 
be always the prevailing defire ; and, in due time, the 
heaven -vouchfafed portion of the worthy owner of 
the book, and of his 

Moft affectionate friend, &c. 


Dear S/>, Weft on- Fan ell, Feb. 1747. 

I Have heard nothing from my printer, during all 
this interval. What can be the reafon of his long 
lilence, and great negligence, I cannot imagine. But 
this week it occurred to my mind, that if he delays 
the fecond edition at this rate, I may poilibly be able 
to prepare the third letter to accompany it. Accord- 
ingly 1 have poftponed other bufmefs, and applied 
wholly to this work. I have tranfcribed fome part of 
the intended piece, and fend it for your perufal. Pray 
be fo good as to examine it narrowly, and favour me 
with your remarks and improvements, on a feparate 
paper. There are, I fear, befides more material faults, 
ieveral mifiakes in the copy, owing to my want of 
leifure to review it. I fuppoie, the remainder of my 
deiign, when completed, will confift of about the lame 
number of pages. 

If I live till Monday, I propofe to vifit my patient at 
the infirmary ; and, if company happens to be agree- 
able, will take the pleafure of fpending an hour with a 
valuable and very much efteemed friend at North- 

Let. 36. OF LETTERS. 467 

ampton. If you are not able to guefs the perfon I mean, 

you fhall foon be informed by, dear Sir, yours, C?*f. 
Vir bonus et prudent v erf us reprchcndct inert es, 
Culpabit duros, incomptis allinet atrum 
Tranfverfo calamo Jtgnu??:, ambitiofa recidet 
Qrnamcnta, panim claris lurem dare covet, 
slrguet ambiguc diflum, mytando notabit. HOR. 
This I tranfcribe, not to inform you of the critic's 

office, bat only to apprize you of what I wifh, and 

what I humbly rcqueft. 


Dear Sir, IVefton-Favcll, slpril, 12. 1747. 

I Have folded down a corner of the leaf at the place 
where your perufal left off. There is a note or 
two fubjoincd to the preceding pages, which. I wifh. 
you would plcafe to examine. My humble lervice to 
Dr : ***. I deiire he will write his remarks and 
correclions on a feparate paper. What think you of 
the following lines for a motto ? 

Night opes the nobleft fccnes, and flieds an awe, 
Which gives thofe venerable fcenes full '-weight, 
And deep imprejjion on th y intended d heart. 


Si quid novifli rcttius //?/>, 

Candidas imperil. 

Your plan for forming a Christian fociety, and re- 
gulating our interviews, I greatly approve. It fcems 
to me to be complete. I fee nothing that fliould be 
taken from it, nor can think of any thing to be added 
to it. I heartily wifh to have it carried into executi- 
on, and hope it will be productive of confidei able 
comfort and advantage to the members ; and not to 
them only, but, by rendering them more uicful in 
their rd'peclive ftations, to many others. 

A cold, and hoarlhefs on my voic<% make me 
3 N 2 ibmcwhat 


fomewhat fearful of coming to this day. 1 hope 

you have perufed the remainder of the mannfcript ; 
ami cannot but with, you would give the whole a fe- 
cond reading. The unknown importance of what we 
print, inclines me to urge this requeft. Who can tell 
how long it may continue, and into what hands it may 
come ? 1 almoft tremble at fuch a thought, left I (hould 
xvrite unadvifedly with my pen ? and injure, iniltad of 
ferving, the bcft of cauies. 

If you have put my little piece into the hands of 
my Ariftarchxtt^ Dr I mean, defire him to be par- 
ticularly attentive to the redundancies, and lop them 
off with a plentiful haud. 

I lhall loon create you a fecond tafk, by tranfmit- 
ting for your correction, twenty folio pages of remarks 
on the flars, and ferious improvements. Tours, &c. 


My dear Friend^ iyeJlon-Favell,~June, 27. 1747. 

COming home this evening, 1 could not forbear 
muiing on the various topics, which furnifhed 
matter for our difcourfe ; and now I am all thought- 
ful and retired, I cannot forbear taking notice of fome 
particulars relating to our converfation. To be illent 
in fuch a cafe., would, I am perluaded, be mere dif- 
pleafing to a gentleman of your difcernment and ge- 
nerofity, than to ufe the utinoft freedom of fpeech. 

Was it you, dear Sir, or 1, that when a certain paf- 
fage in fcripturq happened to be mentioned, treated it, 
not indeed with a contemptuous diidain, but with too 
ludicrous an air ? defcanted on it, in a fportive and 
frolicfome manner, in order to create a little plea- 
fantry. If I was the perfon that indulged this impro- 
per levity, I befeech you to rebuke me, and feverely 
too. Though my dcfign might be innocent, my con- 
duel was apparei'tly wrong That infinitely precious 
and important bool-;, fhould be always held in the 


Let. 37. OF L E T T E R S. 469 

bigheft veneration. Whatever the divine- Spirit vouch- 
iafes to dictate, ihould be thought and fpoke of by 
mortals, with gratitude, dutifulncfs, and awe. It is 
the character of a religious man, that he trembles at 
God's word ; and it is {'aid of the great Jehovah, that 
he has magnified his name and his word, above all 


Who was it, dear Sir, that lent to our valuable 
friend that vile book, Le Sopha, and yet wrote by 
Crebiilen, with an enchanting ipirit of elegance ; which 
mud render the mifchief palatable, and the bane even 
delicious i I wonder, that your kind and benevolent 
heart could recommend arfenic for a regale. It puts 
me in mind of the empoifoned fnirt prefented to Her- 
cules. I am lure you did not think on it, or elle you 
would no more have tranfmitted fuch a peftilent trea- 
life to the perufal of a friend, than you would tranf- 
mit to him a packet of goods from a country depo- 
pulated by the plague. If that polluting French book 
ftill remains in your ftudy, let me beg of you to make 
it perform quarantaine in the flames. 

The lad particular relates to attendance on the pu- 
blic worfhip of God. Let us not neglecl: the afibra- 
Ming ourfelves together. This was the advice of the 
beft and greateft cafuift in the world; not to lay, n>e 
injunction of the Maker of all things, and judge of all 
men . Would we be affared of our love to God ? This 
is one evidence of that mod noble and happy temper; 
Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy houic, and the 
place where thy honour dwelleth. Would we glo- 
rify the Lord ? Then let us appear in his courts, fall 
low ou our knees before his footdool, and in this pu- 
blic manner avow him for our God, recognize him 
for our King, and acknowledge him to be our fu- 
prcme good. Would we follow the example of our 
devout and bletted Mailer ? Let us remember how it 
is written, Jc iiis went into the fynagogue, as his cuf- 
tom was. And, if we take due care to get our hearts 


470 A COLLECTION Let. 38. 

prepared, by a little previous meditation, and earned 
prayer, I ddrc aniwer for it, our attendance will not 
be in vain in the Lord. God will, according to his 
promifc, meet us in his ordinances ; make us joyful 
in his houic of prayer ; and we mall experience what, 
(if 1 remember aright) that brightcft ornament of the 
court of judicature, judge Hales declared, That he 
never fat under the preaching even of the meanclt 
r:rmon, but he found fome word of edification, ex- 
hortation, or comfort. 

Dear Sir, beftow a thought on thefe things. If the 
rcmonft ranees are wrortg. I willingly retract them ; if 
right, you will not pronounce me impertinent. Love 
and friendfhip dictate what I write ; and the only end 
1 have in view is the hoiinefs, the ufefulnefs, the hap- 
pinefs, the final falvation of my much efleemed friend. 
It is for this, this only I have now taken my pen in 
hand, and for this 1 mall often bend my knees before 
God, and thereby prove myfelf to be, Dear Sir, 


Dear Sir, teflon- Favell, July 18. 1747. 

IDefire you to accept my thanks for the variety of 
beautiful lines, which you fent me, to chute a 
motto from. They are all elegant, but not fufficient- 
ly expreffive of the defign of the piece. Therefore 
I imagined the following quotation from Dr Tmtng^ 
fomcwhat more iuitable ; 

Night is fair virtue's immemorial friend} 
The conjcious moon, thro' cv'ry diftant age y 
Has held a lamp to ivi/dom, 

You advifed me to add a fort of note to the pafTagc 
objected to by Mr ***-#, relating to the fpark's be- 
ing vifible. In purfuance of your direction, 1 fubjoin- 
^d the following : 

" I beg leave to inform the young gentleman, whofe 


Let. 39. OF LETTERS. 471 

name dignifies my dedication, that this was a remark 
of his worfhy father, when we rode together, and 
converfed in a dufky evening. I mention this circum- 
llance, partly to fecure the paragraph from contempt, 
partly to give him, and the world, qn idea of that e- 
minently-ierious talte, which diflinguiihcd my worthy 
friend. The lefs obvious the reflexion, the more 
clearly it difcovers a turn of mind remarkably fpirituat, 
which would fuffer nothing to efcape without yield- 
ing fome fpiritual improvement. And the meaner the 
incident, the more admirable was that fertility of i- 
magination, which could deduce the nobleft truths 
from the mofl trivial occurrences !" 

Will not this be looked upon as a fly underhancf 
artifice, whereby the author extols himfelf ? 

Does the famous Dutch philofopher, Neiuentit (I 
think is his name) treat of the heavenly bodies ? If he 
does, be ib good, in cafe he dwells in your fludy, to 
fend him on a week's vifit to me. Dr ffatfs's Trca- 
tije on aftronomy, I mould be glad to perufc. 

The Hymn to the moon^ whoever is m ?ant by Scri- 
llerus Decimus Maximus, is very poetical. I durft not 
venture to add what is wanting to render it n com- 
plete addrefs, left it fhould become like the vilioriary 
image, wliofe head was of gold, his feet of iron and 

My tranfient remarks on Dr Rymcr's Reprefentation 
of revealed religion, are iolt. 1 mu ft deiire leave to 
poftpone my obfervations on the other books. 

I am, dear Sir, &c. 


Dear ;>, ft/cflon-Favdl, dug. 8. 1747- 

AFter my thanks for what puffed in yeflerday's 
interview, give me leave to add my acknowledg- 
ments for the pcrufal of your poem, entitled, T/ie 
Deify. It is a noble piece, quite poetical, truly evan- 

472 A COLLECTION Let. 40. 

gelical, and admirably fitted to alarm and comfort the 
Ju-urt, to delight and improve the reader, i mail dc- 
iirc to read it again. 

1 viiited the poor condemned malefactor, found him 
an ignorant peiibn ; aimed chiefly at thefe two grand 
points, to convince him of the hainoufneis of his iin, 
and (hew him tiie all-iudiciency of the Saviour, to ob- 
tain pardon even for the very vileft of offenders. To 
preach and teach Jefus Chriit, is our office ; to make 
the doctrine effectual, God's great prerogative. No- 
thing more occurs, but that I am, 


Dcareft Mr **, f^eJlon-Favell, Aug. 8. 1747. 

I Ought to take fhame to my lei f, for differing ib 
kind a letter, received from lo valuable a friend, 
to remain fo long unanfwereed. Upon no other con- 
lideration, than that of my enfeebled and languishing 
conftitution, can I excufc myielf, or hope for your 
pardon. My health is continually upon the decline, 
and the fprings of life are all relaxing. Mine age is 
departing, and removing from me as a (hepherd's tent. 
Medicine is baffled ; and my phyfician Dr Stonhoufe, 
who is a dear friend to his patient, and a lover of the 
Lord Jefus, pities, but cannot fuccour me. This blef- 
ling, however, together with a multitude of others, 
the divine goodnefs vouchfafes, to gild the gloom of 
decaying nature, That I am racked with no pain, and 
enjoy the free undiflurbed exercife of my underliand- 

I am much obliged to you for carrying my meffage 
to the abbey with ib much fpecd, and eonveying to 
me, \vith equal difpatch, a fatisfaclory anfwer. When 
you .vifit the worthy family again, be pleaicd, after 
prefenting my aftcciionate compliments, and mcft 


Let. 40. o F L E T T E R S. 473 

cordial good wifhes, to inform Mrs ***, that the 
piece is lent to the preis, and after iome corre&ions 
made in the dedication, acldrtfled to my godfon. It 
is my humble requeft to him, and my earneft prayer 
to God, that he may regard it, not merely as a com- 
plimentary form, but as the ferious and pathetic ad- 
vice of his father's intimate acquaintance, and his 
foul's fincere friend ; who, in all probability, will be 
cut off from every other opportunity of fulfilling his 
lacred engagements, and admonifhing him of what- 
ever a Chriftian ought to know and believe to his 
foul's health. 

I forgot, whether 1 told you, that the laft work will 
be divided into two parts; will be full as large as the 
two firft letters ; and therefore the whole will be dif- 
pofed into two fmall pocket-volumes, on a very neat 
paper, with an elegant type, in duodecimo. But a 
convenient number of the new elfays will be printed 
in the oclavo fizc and character, for the iatisfaclion of 
thofe who purchaied the former edition, and may pof- 
fibly be willing to complete their book. It was a con- 
liderable time, before I could think of a title for the 
laft pieces, that fuited their nature, and exprefTed their 
defign. At length, I have determined to ftyle them, 
Contemplations on the night^ and Contemplations on 
the ftarry heavens . 

Now I apprehend myfelf to be near the clofe of life, 
and ftand, as it were, on the brink of the grave, with 
eternity full in my view, perhaps, my dear friend 
would be willing to know my ientiments of things 
in this awful fituation. At fuch a juncture, the mind 
is moil unprejudifed, and the judgment not fo liable 
to be dazzled by the glitter of worldly objects. 

I think then, dear Sir, that we are extremely mif- 
taken, and luftain a mighty lofs in our molt important 
intcrefts, by reading fo much^ and praying ib little. 
Was I to enjoy Hetokiah's grant, and have fifteen yean 
added to my life, I would be much mere freauent in 

VOL. V. N 25. jO my 

474 A COLLECTION Let. 40. 

my applications to the throne of grace. I have read 
of a perlon, who was often retired and on his knees, 
was remarkable for his frequency and fervency in de- 
votion ; being afkcd the reafon of this fo fingular a be- 
haviour, he replied, Becauic I am fenfible I muft die. 
I ilfure you, dear Mr *#*, ] feel the weight of this 
ani'wer, I lee the wildom of this procedure ; and, was 
my 1'pan to be lengthened, would endeavour always 
to remember the one, and daily to imitate the other. 

I think alfo, we fail in our duty, and thwart our 
comfort, by Undying God's holy word no more. I 
have, for my part, been too fond of reading every 
thing elegant and valuable, that has been penned in our 
own language ; and been particularly charmed with the 
hiftorians, orators, and poets of antiquity. But was I 
to renew my ftudies, I would take my leave of thofe 
accomplished trifles. 1 would reiign the delights of 
modern wit, amufement, and eloquence, and devote 
my attention to the fcriptures of truth. I would fit 
with much greater affiduity, at my divine Matter's feet, 
and defire to know nothing but Jefus Chrift, and him 
crucified. This wifdorn, whole fruits are peace in life, 
confolation in death, and cverlafling falvation after 
death'; this I would trace, this I would feek, this I 
would explore, through the fpacious and delightful 
fields of the Old and New Teftament. In fhort, I 
would adapt the apoftle's refolution, and give myfelf * 
(pcrtcfiipff*.) to prayer, and to the word. 

With regard to my public miniftry, my chief aim 
Ihould be, to beget in my people's minds a deep fenfe 
of their depraved, guilty, undone condition ; and a 
clear believing conviction of the all-fufficiency of Chrift, 
by his blood, his rightcoufnefs, his interceflion, and 
his Spirit to lave them to the uttcrmoft. I would al- 
ways obfervc, to labour for them in my clofet, as well as 
in the pulpit; and wreftle in iecret fupplkation, as well 
as to exert myfelf in public preaching, for their fpi- 

* Afts vi. . 

Let. 40. o F L E T T E R S, 475 

ritual and eternal welfare. For unlefs God take this 
work into his own hand, what mortal is fufficicnt for 
thefe things ? 

Now, perhaps, if you fat at my right hand, you would 
afk, What is my hope with regard to my future and 
immortal ftate ? Truly, my hope, my whole hope, is 
even in the Lord Redeemer. Should the king of terrors 
threaten, 1 fly to the wounds of the ihughtercd L*mb, 
as the trembling dove to the clefts of the rock. Should 
Satan accufe, 1 plead the Surety of the covenant, who 
took my guilt upon himfelf, and bore my fins in ois 
own body on the tree. Should the law d<-nou .e a 
curie, 1 appeal to him who hung on the accprfcd tree, 
on purpoic that all the nations of the earth miht be 
blelfed. Should hell open its jaws, and de-oain! its 
prey, I look up to that gracious Being, who fays, Deli- 
ver him from going down into the pit, for I h:ws found 
a ranfom. Should it be laid. No unclean thing can n- 
ter into heaven ; my anfwer is, The blood of Chriil 
cleanieth from all fin ; tho' my fins be as fcarlet, thro* 
this blood they mall be as white as fnow. Should it 
be added, None can fit down at the fupper of the Lamb* 
...iout a wedding-garment, and your righteoulhef- 
fes, what arc they before the pure law, and piercing 
eye of God, but filthy rags ? Thefe I renounce, and 
feek to be found in Chrill Jefus, who is the Lo.d my 
righteoufnefs. It is written in the word that is to 
judge the world at the Lift day, By his obedience (hall 
many be made righteous. 

So that Jefus, the dear and adorable Jefus, is all my 
truft. His merits are my ftaff, when I pafs through 
the valley of the fliadow of death. His merits are 
my anchor, when I hunch into the boundlcfs ocean 
of eternity. His merits arc the only riches whicri my 
poor foul, when flript of its body, dcfiresto carry in- 
to the invifible world. If the God of glory plcafes 
to take notice of any moan endeavours to honour his 
holy name, it will be infinite condefcciiiion and grace ; 

2 O a but 

476 A COLLECTION Let. 41. 

hut his Son, his righteous and fuflfcring Son, is all my 
hope, and all my lalvation. Dear Sir, pray for me, 
that the weaker 1 grow in body, the flronger I may 
become in this precious faith. May the choiceft blei- 
lings attend you and yours. A letter would revive 
yours, &c, 

P."S. " Tho* the days are come upon me, in which 
u I have rcafon to lay of worldly thingr., I have no 
" picture in them, ; yet I find a iecret latisfaclion in 
" this-confideration, that to you, my dear friend, and 
" to others of my candid acquaintance, I may be per- 
u milted, even when dead, to {peak in my little trea- 
*' tiles. May they, when the author is gone hence, 
44 never to be fcen in theie regions below, Oh ! may 
St they teftify with fome fmall degree of efficacy, con- 
" cerning Jefus, that juft one ; may they fan the flame 
" of love to his perfoo, and ftrengthen the principle of 
44 faith in his merits ! Once motfe, dear Sir, adieu." 


Dear S/r, Wcfton-Fcrvdl, dug. 22. 1747. 

HAving read Dr Middleton's introductory difcourie, 
I hardly know what to think of his bold affer- 
tion, That all the miracle:, fnppofed to be wrought af- 
ter the apoftolic age, are ahfurd and fictitious. 1 muft 
iufpend my opinion concernincr this point, till I find 
it either confirmed by the filerice, or confuted by the 
arguments, of the advoeatrs for ecclefiaftical antiquity. 
In the main, I approve of his dcfign, which is to iettle 
the proofs of our holy religion on the balls of the in- 
fpired writings, and to deduce its doctrines from the 
fame focred fource. The Icriptures, as our friend // 
beautifully exprtfTes himfelf, are the armoury of God, 
from whence we may draw weapons of a divine tem- 
per, wherewith to engage all that oppofc the truth, 
or hold the fame in nnrighteoufnefs. 
Docs net this ingenious writer bear a Jittle too hard 


Let. 42. OF LETTERS. 477 

upon the religious character, and exemplary behavi- 
our, of the primitive fathers ? I cannot but think, they 
had, at leaft in this refpeft, a very evident iiiperiority 
over moft of their fucceflbrs. How flowing, perfpi- 
CLIOUS, and elegant is the doctor's ftyle ; and how ftiff, 
obicure, and bombaft the language of the archdeacon ? 
I dare* fay, you could not forbear fmiling at his, 
blazing out moft faftidious hypcrcritics ; reproaching 
(not virulently, but) tartly ; ladling (not feverely, 
but) fupercrlioufly ; and penetrating the very vitals of 
the dead languages. 

If your Mat ho is not lent out of town, I wim you 
would be fo good as to fend for it, and favour me 
with a fight of it by the bearer. The rcafon of my 

rcquefting this is, that Mr informs me by my 

brother, if he has not the laft piece by the middle of 
next week, his prei's mutt ftand (till. And methinks, 
i would gladly perufe Matho, before 1 fuffer my lalt 
eflay to depart. When can you afford me your con- 
verfation for an hour or two, in order to examine Mr 

's remarks, and beftow the finifhing touches on 

the piece ? Shall I wait upon you on Monday morning 
ear ly >__When this bufmefs is diipatchcd, your book, 
and my thanks, (hall be returned together. 

Yours, err. 

Dear Sir, f^efton-Favell, Otiob. 31. 1747- 

With thanks I return Colonel Gardiner's life. 
The worthy author has prefented me with a 
copy, which, 1 hope, will ferve to humble and ani- 
mate me, fo long as I live. 

Abernethy on the Divine Attributes, I will foon re- 
flore. In the mean time, fliall I brg the favour of 
borrowing Pliny's Natural Hiftvry * 

You remember, who is to call upon yo\\ (Deo i 
on Monday morning, 1 mud devote the greatelt 


478 A COLLECTION Let. 43. 

part of this day to prepare my tranflatory quota of 
Dickfw's "Therapeutic a Sacra. The thoughts of our 
little ibciety bring to my -lind a plcafmg, 
which I oblerved, when we were at our lalt interview. 

My very valuable friend Dr S told a ftory, in 

which he had occafion to refer to ibme prophane and 
execrable language. Inftead of defiling his lips with 
a repetition of the hcllifh jargon, he was fo truly dii- 
crcet, as only to mention it under the general title of 
horrid oaths. A delicacy this, which I thought high- 
ly becoming both the Chriftian and the gentleman. 
I have ibmetimes took the freedom, to obferve, in the 
inoft refpectful manner, upon ibme little inadverten- 
cies in my worthy friend's conduct : but now it is 
with the higheft pleafure that I congratulate him, up- 
on a moil amiable piece of religious decorum, intro- 
duced into his difcourfe. I am, 


Dear Sir, We ft on- Peru ell, Dec. 2. 1747. 

THE furprife which your letter gives me, is inex^ 
preifible, and the grief equal. I will haft en, as 
foon as poilible, to my worthy and afflicted friend. O 1 
that I could bring with me Ibme healing balm for his 
wounded heart ! It would be no ilnall alleviation of my 
own Ibrrows, if 1 might be instrumental to make his 
lefs. A long-continued cold, and an unexpected jour- 
ney, have unfitted me from following your preicrip- 
tions. I am obliged to your candour for afcribingmy 
neglect to this caultr, and not to any difregard of your 
advice. For I am perfuaded, 

Si qua potui font Pergama dextra 

Defendi, eiiam hac dcfenfa fuifj'ent. 
I will May the meffenger no longer ; and, I hope, I 
ftiall not ttay long before 1 let out myfelf. It is ow- 
ing wholly to an accident, that I do not accompany 


Let. 44. OF LETTERS. 479 

the bearer, with a view, and a hope of adminiflering 
ibme confolation to Dr S . 1 am, 


Dear and worthy Sir, Northampton, Dec. y. 1747. 

YOU will wonder to fee a name which you have 
but lately known, at the bottom of this paper. 
But how, oh ! how will you befurprifed, how griev- 
ed, to read the occaiion I It is fo afflicting, almoft ib 
infupportable to our. valuable friend, that he is un- 
able to give you the narrative ; therefore has com- 
mitted the office (trifle minifterium /) to my pen. 
And mull I tell you \ can you bear to hear it ? Mrs 

5 is dead ! that amiable and excellent lady is dead. 

She was fafely delivered of a daughter, the very day 

on which Dr S wrote to you lall ; was as well as 

could be expected or wifhed on Sunday morning ; and 
departed this life on Tuefday evening. On Sunday in 
the evening our common friend perceived her to be 
attended with ibme alarming, and, as he apprehended, 
fatal fymptoms. Dr K was immediately lent for, 
who gave fomc encouragement. On Monday came 
Dr J through a very deep fnow, and mofl terrible 
weather, but urged by friend (hip and companion. The 
moment that fagacious practitioner beheld her, he con- 
firmed Dr S's firft fentiments, that the cafe was ir- 
recoverable ; and added, that the great change was at 
the very door, and would probably take place in twen- 
ty-four hours; which came to pals accordingly. 

Your own tender and fenfible heart will naturally 
conclude Dr 5 is fo opprefTed with forrow, as not 
to be capable, at prefent, of anfwering hisinoft valued 
correfpondents : 

Curs, leves loquuntur, ingentes flupent. 
But he intends, when time has fomewhat alleviated 
his grief $ and religion has more reconciled him to the 


480 A COLLECTION, err. Let. 44. 

awful difpenfation, to make a particular reply to the 
whole of your cpiftolary favour. You will, I do not 
queftion, recommend our diftrefled friend to the Fa- 
ther of mercies, and the God of all comfort. May 
we all lay this awakening ftroke of Providence to 
heart, and give all diligence to have our fins par- 
doned thro* redeeming blood, our fouls renewed by 
ianclifying grace ; that whether we live, we may live 
unto the Lord ; or whether we die, we may die un- 
to the Lord ; fo that living or dying, we may be the 

The fecond edition of my Meditations , with the ad- 
dition of another volume, is at lad published. 1 have 
given directions to my bookfeller, to fend you a copy ; 
and beg of yoa to accept it, as a fmall, but the moft 
ipeaking and eloquent expreffion I am able to form of 
that great, that growing efteem I have conceived for 
Dr Siuan, ever fince our firft interview at Wejlon. Be 
pleafed, dear Sir, to read it with the utmoft, or ra- 
ther with your own candour ; and fometimcs dart up 
a fliort petition for the author, that, is the 
fate of his book, himfelf may live over his writings, 
and be, what he defcribes. 1 am, err. 

The End of the FIFTH VOLUME. 


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