Skip to main content

Full text of "The works of Thomas Hearne, M.A"

See other formats





3 1833 00668 8912 




5Elbomag muxm, m.Z, 


12I±JX. ^/£APt/^ 




MercferandChervet, Printers, 
Barchulomcvi Close, London 




Volume the Second. 


Edwardus Rex. ^5 

N ]7e jere folowand ]7at I rekened here Coronacio 

Edward com to land, als prince of grete ^w^^rJ. 

dicti Hen- 

powere. rici. 

\)e next Sonenday ' after ]ie assumpcioun 
Of Mari raoder & may Sir Edward bad \e 

In jje kyrke of Westmynstere, at ]iq abbay soUempnely, 

I?e bisshop of Canterbere, Robert of Kilwardeby, 

Corouned Ed\vard \oxe biforn alle \q clergy, 

* & dame Helianore corouned quene & lady. 

Was neuer at Saynt Denys feste holden more hy, 

Ne was of more pris, ne serued so redy. 

Was neuer prince, I wene, |jat I writen of fond, 

More had treie & tene, J^an he had for his lond. 

In Scotlond & in Wales, in Gasconie also. 

If je liste alle J?e tales, ]?is storie tellis jow to. 

Pray we alle to God of myght, & his modere Marie, 

Grante him conquere his right Gascoyne & Normundie, 

jjat j?e kyng of France chalanges falsly. 

Help him to j?at chance moder of mercy, 

& Thomas ]?e martire, St. Jon of Beuerle, 

St. Cutbert be J)er fere, he trestres oifjow Jjre, 

Towhile in Gascoyne es })e pes jit alle certeyn, 

We salle leue })at pas vnto we com ageyn. 

* Others say it was the very 
day of the Assumption, or the 
15th. of August. » Ausint la 
Rayne Elyanore sa amye Fu 

coroune le jour, vnqes a 
seint Dynie N*? fu si bele 
feste, ne si^rantnoblye, MSS. 

Vol. II. B & 

^Gi Edx^ardus Redt, 

& telle 50W o)jer tales of Edward curteisie, 

& of Leulyn of Wales, & his beryng hie, 

Of Dauid his brojjere & of his felonie, 

Resaunraduk an o]7ere how he did folic. 

How I^e contek was laid of Scotload J?at first gan. 

How eft ])ei mad a braid, & oirlnglond ran. 

Of Madok J^e Morgan, of j^er nyce ribaudie, 

Of Jon Baliol no man, & of his treccherie, 

& of his duze pers togider ])ei gan alie^ 

I schrowe alle J?er maners, J^at lufes ])er partie. 

A |jousand & ii°. hundred sexti & fiftene, 

jje date of Crista so pundred whan Leulyn gan J»is tene. 

J. HE next ^ere folowand of Edward coronment, 
Leuiini, Leulyn of Walsland in to France he sent, 

Jje Mountfort doubter to wedde, hir frendes alle consent, 
Almerik hir ledde, to schip now er j^ei went. 
Now }jei saile & rowe to Wales to Leulyns, 
A burgeis of Bristowe charged was with wynes, 
He ouertoke ])er schip, & asked whe}?en \)ei ware ? 
He said, with kyng Philip to Wales wild ]>ei fare. 
What did jjis burgeis ? desturbled his wendyng, 
l^e may & hir herncis did led vnto ]>e kyng. 
]>e mayden Edward toke, als he was fulle curteys, 
In saufte did hir loke, & jjanked ])c burgeis. 
5 Whan Leulyn herd say, to werre sone lie bigan, 


beiium. For tcnc he wende to deie, |?at taken was his lemman. 


Edwardus Rex* 237 

Edward wex fulle grim, whan he wist he was risen. 

Sone he hasted him, to mak j^am alle ogrisen. 

J7e Walssh wer alle day slayn, now rewes Jjara Jjer res, 

& Leulyn is fulle fayn, to pray Edward for pes, 

Gyues Edward for his trespas fifti j^ousand mark, 

& \iet tille bonden was with scrite & oth fulle stark, 

To com tuys in \c ^ere vnto his parlement. 

j)e may oiT j^is raanere with Leulyn home scho went, 

& held his heritage in pes as he did ore, 

Mad was |)e mariage at Snowdon biside Bangore . 

JLN ' \e jere seconde after his corounment, 

New statute J»ei fonde, to Westmynstere Jjei ment. 

J7e nex Paske folowand Edward sent his brefe 

To Leulyn for his land, to com als tille his chefe. 

Leulyn had despite of Edwarde's sonde, 

Bot werred also tite oiThim with nyth & onde. 

Edward raised scheld, after his men alle sent, 

jjat seruise of him held, manly tille him went, 

& ran on Sir Leulyn, & alle his folk him with, 

& maugre bojje his bryn was fayn to com to grith. 

Dauid at jjat while was with Edward ]>q kyng, 

pt auanced he Jjat file vntille a faire Jjing. 

To Frodesham with \q fe, & alle Jjat longed j^er tille, 

To Leulyn forgaf he alle his euelle wille. 

' Le [an] secounde apres 
le encorounement, Le Reis 
a Wemonstere tynt son par. 
lement. E statuz fist fere par 

commune assent, 

monstere sunt dist propre- 

ment, Codd. Gall. 

B 2 Now 


Edwardm Rtx, 

Now is Leulyn bonden eft to Sir Edward, 

If he with faute be fonden, I trowe, it fallcs him hardr 

Now turnes Edward agfeyn to London his cite, 

& wille wile certeyn, who schent has his mone. 

Of clippers, of roungers, of suilk takes he questis. 

Olde vsed traitoures ilk at o)>er hand kestis. 

Ilk thefe o]>ei out said, ilk a schrewe oJ>er greues. 

Of fele wer handes laid, & hanged ]>et as theues. 

Edward ' did smyte rounde peiiy, halfpeny, ferthyng, 

}7e croice passed * passed" J?e bounde of alle |?orghout ])e ryng. 

' See my Preface to Robert 
of Gloucester'' s Chronicle, p. 
LXiii. where I have printed 
these eight Rhythms ythat relate 
io K.EdwardthefirsCs altera- 
Hon of the Coyn. As I had a 
desire my self to see how they 
are express'' din the French, so, 
it may be, some readers may 
have the same curiosity, and for 
that reason Ishallhere publish 
them in thut language, only 
noting, that all that I have in. 
closed in Crotchets or Hooks is 
zoanting in the MS. of the He 
raids Office, tho^exstant in both 
Mr. Anstis^s Copies, and that 
what is put in a parenthesis is 
a various Reading : Ester- 
lyug, maylle, {vcl male) fer- 
thing (vel ferlynge) fet forger 
roundement, Et gros Tour- 
nais Englays qe valeat ver 

rayment Quatre esteriinges 
en achate & vent, (vel ester- 
lyngs a chat e a vent) [De 
ren (vel rien) se lo ly prestre 
ke le ofFrande {vel offrant) 
atent, Ne ly chaytif pouers 
ke ren nad (vel rien ayd) 
dount despent.] En tote la. 
moneye la croice par my se 
tent, (vel sestent) [Par quay 
le ferlynge (vel ferthing) 
rounde est eommuneraenL 
Offert V (vel ou) done pur deu 
(vel dieu) omnipotent, Le 
sterlynge et la maylle uie- 
nent {vel venent) rerement, 
Sur deu {vel dieu) et sur les 
sons chet len payrement.] (vel 
foens chiet lempeyrement) 
Mil. CO. et octaunte (vel vt- 
taunt) annz del incarnacioun 
Sunt passez par acounte 
kaunt de religioun (vel del 

Edxeardus Rex» 


J7e kynge's side salle be \e hede & his name writen. 
\e croyce side what cite it was in coyned & smyten . 
j?e pouere man ne \e preste \e peny prayses no jjing. 
Men gyf God J^e lest, \>e feffe him with a fer]7ing. 
A |70usand & tua hundred & fourscore jeres mo. 
On Jjis mone men wondred ' fist whan it gan go. 

VV AS mad an ojjer statute, Jjat non erle no baroun, 
No o|?er lorde stoute, ne fraimkekyn of toun, 
Tille holy kirke salle gyue * tenenement, rent no lond. 
Fro ])o ]?at now lyue in to \q dedis hond, 
Without leue of J^e kyng, or of his consaile. 
\>e encheson of Jjis ]?ing may raykille auaile» 
For freres of \e croice, & monk & chanoun, 
Haf drawen in ovoice his feez to J)er almoyn, 
Jjorgh whilk draubt his seruise is lorn & laid doun, 
]7at is tille him & hise in disheritsaun. 
Not for \\. he wille, J7at alle religioun 
Haf & hold in skille }?at gyuen is at resoun, 
})e londes J>at Jjei haue now in possessioun. 
His seruise he wille now saue, J^at non be Jjorgh tresoun. 
Ne no baron so bold, to selle |?am lond ne gyiie. 
For myght ]7ei as }>ei wold, no man suld bi J?ani lyue ; 
Men here biforn haf gyuen jjam out of skille. 
It lies now waste & lorn, half may jjei not tille. 

M°. CCMO, 

Regioun) Est fet lestatut, qe 
counte ne baroun, Ne seyn- 
gnour de tere par my la Re- 

gioun, 4c. * Dele. 
' Sic, pro first. * Sic. 

B 3 

240 Edwardus Rex. 

A Jjousand & tuo hundred ]?e date fourscore & tuo, 

On Leulyn has men wondred, no gynnes Dauid to thro. 

reun^'^'&**^ Jc OR now bigynnes Dauid to wax a werreour, 
Dauid. With Leulyn gan he kith to be j^e kynge's traytour. 
Jjei mad a samenyng, & did als \ie\ were wonne. 
To disherite ])e kyng, & his jongest sonne. 
On his londes ])ei rais, & robbed ilk a toun, 
Brent & slouh ilk man, his kastelle bette Jjei doun. 
Sir Edward herd wele telle of his grete misdede, 
Jjer power forto felle, it catchis him to spede. 
He sent North & South after his baronage, 
Sone it was fulle couth, ]7at Leulyn did outrage. 
Atired jjer wendyng toward \q Marche right sone. 
Leulyn ageyn ]ie kyng & Dauid were alle bone, 
To raaynten forth ])e werre, & susteyn j^er treson ; 
\)c entres did pei sperre, & hold Jiam in Snowdoun, 

XN Wales it is fulle strong to werre in Wynter tide, 
For Wynter is J^er long, whan Somer is here in pride. 
J»at was to l^ani grete pyne, J?at werryng vndertoke, 
& Snowdoun did Leulyne wele to kepe & loke. 
\e kyng knowe no side, how he mot com }?er inne, 
Noufier go no ride, ne how he suld it wynne. 
A water in Snowdoun rennes, Auber is the name. 
An arme of })e se men kennes, j^e depnes may non ame. 
|?e kyng controued jjcr ouer, a brigge forto make, 
& of Leulyn to couere, Snowdoun forto take. 


Edwardus Rex, 


Botes he toke & barges, j^e sides togidere knytte, 
Ouer l^e water ])at ' lage is, fro bank to bank rauht itte. 
I^ei fleked j^ani ouerthuert, justely forto ligge, 
Ouer Jjcwater smerte was so ordeynd a brigge. 

W HAN fe brigge was ent at Inglis men pay, 
Withouten auysement, j^e brigge ]?ei wild asay. 
Sent \ie\ non bifore, to wite how J)ei mo passe, 
j^erfore had J7ei lore, for non avisemeut wasse. 
Forth went knyght & sueyn, & fote men alle in fere, 
J7e Walsch com }?am ageyn, did our men alle arere, 
|?at turnyng fier vnthank, as heuy was ]>e charge, 
Vnder Jjam alle sank, bothe batelle & barge. 
J7e gode men Jjat were lorn, on our Inglis partie, 
J>e Clifford first biforn Sir Roger did folic. 
William of Lyndescie & Jon le fitz Roberd, 
Sir Lucas of Tame, jjise grete J^er misferd, 
& alle Jjer squierie, & o]?er j^at with }?am nam, 
Alle drenkled Jjorgh folie, & faut of wisdam. 
A man ]?at oste salle lede, & controues no quayntise, 
Howe he disceit salle drede, scaj^e vmwhile salle rise. 
Had Jjei had a spie among jje Walssh oste, 
& warned Jjam priuelie, jjat |?ei were bi J?at coste, 
\iQ\ had bien men lyuand, ]7at }?er to dede went, 
|)at folie tok on hand withouten avisement. 

De ponte 
& facto. 
Ecce ruina 
facta in 
medio pon- 
tis super 
gentem An 

Pro, large. 


^42 Edwardus Rex* 

De (}omino X HAT tymc bat Hs crie com of bise barouns, 


Vescy, ve. CoHi Sir Jon V"escy fro be kyng of Aragouns, 

nit cum 

baskiis ' & Brouht fotc folk inouh of baskles & Gascouns, 

super Leu- 

linum. J)at \e Walsh men slouh raumpand as leouns. 

Jjorghe mountayn <fe more \ie baskles je ]?er weie, 

Oure nescli & hard ]7ei fore, & did J^e Walsch men deie. 

J?ei passed alle ]>e Marche, Snowdoun jjei wan in, 

Of tonnes |7ci mad j?ara parclie, & souht after Leulyn. 

Dauid couth non o]7er, ]>q folowed j^am so streite, 

Bot fled fro his brojjer skulkand with disceite. 

Sir Roger \e strange, & Sir Reynald J7c Gray, 

f»ei ne wold turne ne change, bot spied J^er Leulyn lay. 

Ecce de- 5 Leulyn in a wod a bussement he held, 

Leuiini per Biside a more a mod quayntly was he teld. 

Bod J?"™ Sir Roger lay biside with priue folk & stoute, 
& spied tymc & tide whan he suld issue cute. 
Leulyn wend no gile had bien j^er so nere, 
He went to play a wile with fo of his banere. 
Sir Roger was perceyued whan Leulyn out cam, 
|7er pencels J)ei weyued, tille Sir * Leuly he nam, 
" Traitoure," said Rogere, " what salle J?e werre anaile, 
" Now I find \q here, welc set is my trauaile. 
*' Tuys ert ]>o\\ forsuorn, & tuys \i feaute broken, 
" Tuys was Jjou doun born, & for pes eft spoken, 
** }jis is |)e ]?rid tyme, ]?at mykelle {?ou him misbede, 
*' Dayet who J^e kyme, for j?ou has souht ]7i dede. 
" Salle }7ou neuer jji lyue do Inglis man more wo, 
" Hastilie \e schryue, jji hede ]7ou salle for go. 

' ^Ic. ' Sic. 


Edwardus Rex, 243 

Sir Roberd Body a knyght his suerd best bote, 

Doun soiie he he light, & Leulyn hede of smote. 

Now is Leulyn forsuorn, & his hede of smytefl^ 

His heritage is lorn fro his heyres je wyten. 

More fan a jere beforn ]7at he laiiht J?is scharae,^ 

A doubter was him born, Wenciliau hir name. 

In hir cralille jing tille Inglond scho cam, 

Jjorgh conseile of J7e kyng was brouht to Sempynghara, 

& ]>ex was scho inne four & fifty ^ere, P^ ^."? 

Norised with Wynne, nunne and seculere. monacha ii 

*' ^ Serapyng- 

Now haf we new tateles, dede is Wencilian, •'^n»' 

Leulyn doubter of Wales, J^at on Inglond ran. 

Hir dede was mykelle ment, for scho was fulle curteys. 

Among J?e ladies gent, jje los of hir so seys. 

Jje seuent day of Juny, Whitson euen Jjat tyrae, 

Died Jjat lady, bituex vndron & prime. 

\ie date of Criste pundred, ]7us many jeres euen, 

A }?ousand & |?re hundred J^ritty jere & seuen. 

Hir cosyn dame Gladous, of Dauid doubter born, 

A Nunne of Sixille hous died a jere beforn. 

Of Wencilian wrote I here next Leulyn story, 

Scho was his doubter dere, to bere him company. 

JN O W skulkes Dauid aboute, to wynne it ilk a dele. 
His heritage J?at is oute, he wenes fulle wele. 
AUe Jjat Leulyn held lond & tenement. 
Holy to haf Jje scheld J^orgh heritage descent. 
With lordes |7at were nehi he held his parlement 
At jole at Denebeghi, after Jam alle he sent. 


«•. ccc*. 


244? Edwardus Rex. 

To fend J»e Walschrie with him at ])er powere, 
To him })ei gaii alie, & ros fuUe austere. 
I Whan ])e kyng herd say, I?at Dauid werred oii him, 
To Wales he went his way fiille scharply & fuUe brim. 
Captus est Edward did him chace, fuUe febilly he defendes, 


To rest had he no space, his tyme he tynes & spendes. 
Jje euen of Saynt Morice was taken Sir Dauid, 
Als a fole nyce he brak ])e kynge's grith. 
His hede ])e[ of smyten, to London was it born^ 
J7e dede body ])e britten on four quarters corn, 
Jje quarters wer sent to henge at four citez, 
So is he worth be schent, who so traytour bez, 
f Leulyn & Dauid haf born grete honour, 
And Snowdon com to grith, ilk castelle & toure 
To ])e kyng is eschete, als to chefe of alle. 
J^e ' lordes j^at er grete ]>e cheued as tenauntz salle. 
\>e kyng J^orghout ])e lond he did crie his pes, 
& with ])e lawe J^am bond, als skille wild he ches. 
Wardcyns gode he sette, to stabille j^e lond & mende, 
Justise |)at ])e lawe gette to vnkonand ]?ei kende. 
Whan alle was don & ent, pat fellc to conqueroure, 
To London he went, a while to mak soioure. 
He sent to his barouns, a parlement to hold, 
\)ei com at his somouns, in parlement he jjis told ; 
To Gascoyn bihoued him go, & J?at hastilie, 
Tijjing com him ])cy fro, ])eY \vas contek & crie, 

' Qe fount les Waleis, qe i uaunce al Reis, com a go- 
sunt de valour ? Fount che- j uernour, MSS. Gall. 


Edwardus Rex, 


j?ider bihoued him nede, to set jjat lond in pes, 

For foles haf no drede, ]7at long is justlseles. 

A Jjousand & tuo hundred, & fourscore ^ere & sex, 

On Wales many on wundred, for more wo git j^er wex. 

M". CC». 

JliDWARD wele has sped of alle Jjing |?at has bien, 
Tille Gascoyn with him led dame Helianore our queue. 
\e gode erle of Cornwaile jjis lond had in kepyng, 
In luf & pes sanz faile went Edward our kyng, 
& spak with j^e kyng of France at Paris as he went. 
]?an felle a fair chance, }?ei wer at on assent. 
Forth he gan him hie, tille Gascoyn is he coraen, 
Jje rightes he did attrie of \io Jiat wrong had nomen. 
RightfuUe dome he gaf on foles for jjer misdede, 
No man be ouerhaf, bot alle Jjorgh lawe jede. 

5 Towhile Sir Edward gos to Gascoyn forto apese, 
Wales to werre vp ros, J)orgh conseile of a Resc. 
On* Reseamiraduk, of Wales a lordyng, 
Our Inglis did rebuk, & werred on our kyng. 
I kan not telle jow whi Jiat werre was reised olofte. 
Men said fe wrath & cri com Jjorgh j^e lord Tiptofte. 

f jje kyng herd jjat pleynt, vnto f^e Rese he sent 
A letter enselid fuUe quaynt, for \e pes it ment. 
He praied to hold him stille, tille his tocome mot be, 
& he suld do his wille, in alle Jjat skille mot se. 
His pleyntes he wild here in skille at lordes siglit, 
& if he baron were, he suld haf fulle gode right. 

Iter • ari- 
puit versus 

Ecce de 

' Sic. 2 Rees ameredukej vcl Res admyraduck, in Codd. Gall. 


M^ Edttardus Rex, 

J)is R^searairaduk, als fole & vnwise, 

His letter gan rebuk, sette it at light prise. 

J?e ska|?e })at he myght do with slauhter or prison hard. 

Alio he brouht ]?am to, J)at longed tille Edward. 

A J)ousand & tuo hundred \ie date forscore & nine. 

Oil our men \ti wondred, in Wales did J^am pyne. 

W HAN Edward had bien in Gascoyn \xe ^ere, 
Ageyn he & J?e quene on lond ryued vp here. 
At his comyng he fond of clerkes & men of pleynt, 
De falsi- & justise of Jje lond of falsnes was atteynt, 
darioium. For giftes som justise lete ]ie lowe go doun,^ 
& som on ojjer wise did wrong to Jje coroun. 
))e first justise in benk Sir Thomas of Weland, 
For falshed & for wrcnk he forsuore J)e land. 
He went ouer io France, & com neuer ageyn. 
His ' clerkes stode to chance passed for a cerleyn, 
|)ei wer out of J^e tour delyuerd for mone, 
Jjer held Jjei long soiour, bot penies mad ]7am fre, 
Opon his forward, or J^ei wer out gon. 
To serue kyng Edward, neuer more suld \ie\ non. 
Sir Elys of Bekyngham to do lawe him was lefe, 
Sir Jmi of Metyngham he left |?e justise chefe, 
Sir Rauf of Heyngham j^e wrong oft he ehes, 
He departed with gram, & fe benk les. 
Sir Adam of Stretton fulle hard was he led, 
Nouht without encheson, I lay my gloue io wed. 

Ses compaygnouns ses I ad] la tour de Loundres, de- 
clers sunt pris & mene A {^svce \ liuerez par mone, MSS. Gall. 



Edwardus Rex* ^7 

For gold & siluer strong he gaf so grete plente, 
Bifor Ipe kyng it song, Placebo dontine. 
With wrong alle it cam, with gile salle gyuen be, 
Dilexit Sir Adam gilerie & falste. 

XhISE justise er atteynt of falshed & folie,' 

Now comes a new plcynt, to dcstroie J^e Juerie. 

jje kyng was enquere of fer wikked dedes, De iniifui- 

So many j^er were, dome on |7am salle nedes. misiveju- 

For |>am j?e kyng was sette his priue parlemenf, 

J?ei said, jjorgh ]>& rescette ]>& Cristen men were schenf . 

\>e barons alle said, alle holy \q clergie, 

\e lond Jiei wild voide of j^at herisie. 

I wene \ie kyng alegid, l^ei were of his tresour, 

Nojjeles he wild haf briggid, ])q fals leue & erroure. 

For jje penie fiftend, \>e Jues wild he fleme. 

J^e clergie said at |?e end, " we grante it as je deme. 

|?e lerid & J?e lay granted ))at ])ei said, 

& assigned a day, J^at taxe to be laid. 

\)e dettes |7at men jjam auht, ]?er sledes & jjer wonyng, 

Wer taxed & bitauht to J^e escliete of j^e kyng. 

\t * Reseamiradie was taken j^at ilk gere. 

In Wales Jjorgh a spie, for all his powere. 

Whan ]7e kyng herd it seie, to jork he did him lede, 

Schames dede to deie, als traytour for his dede. 

First was he drawen for his felonie, 

& as a ]7efe j^an slawen, on gahves hanged hie. 

' Rees ameraduk, vel Rees admiraduk sivG Rees amereduk, 
in Codd. Gall. 



Edissardus Redf* 

«r. cc". 

De capci- 
one Acres. 

De morte 

Et Marga- 
reta, filia 
& lieres 
Regis Scot- 
tua est. 

Now is non of age of his ancestrie 

May haf his heritage, to whom it salle alie^ 

A Jjousand & tuo hundred, foiir score & elleuen^ 

On Wales men jit wondred, J)e pes not git euen. 

JL HE next jere folowand Acres was assaled, 
)?e Cristen myght no stand, of help alle J^am failed, 
& J7e cite lorn, & alle don to |)e suerde, 
|?at were Cristen born, jje lewed & ]>e lerid. 
Whan ])e pape had tij^ing, it was in a Sarazins handes, 
He gaf Edward our kyng, J?e tende of alle ]>e lande&. 
Inglond, Scotlond & Wales, Ireland f^erto was laid, 
j?an mot he fiUe his males, no man him withsaid. 
Holy who salle spare, if it nede stode, 
Whan ]>o ]?at hedes are do j^er to no gode ? 
])sd, ilk gere ])e quene died in Lyndseie, 
At Westmynster, I wene, his body did J^ei leie. 
I A litelle j^er biforn died Margarete, 
Jje heyr of Scotlond born, of Alisander bigete, 
Wherfor Sir Edward, for })at niaiden dede, 
Hied him Northward, his barons he asked rede. 
In ])e North at Norliam, lie wamssed ]>e castelle, 
]pe barons j^ider cam, & conseild jjat beste felle, 
jjei broiiht fe cronykles,' J)at wer in Scotland, 
J?e olde cliartres & titles, j^at wer in Abbays hand, 
Of ilk a bisshop se, & ilk a priourie, 
jjat were of dignite, of olde ancestrie, 
Examend J)am & cast ilk amountment, 
jjei said alle at fie last fiorght of on assent, 


Edwardus Rex, 


Of Inglond suld ]7ei hold jjorgh right & skille, 

• F© wild ])e feffementes aid, & I^ei granted J^ertille. 

|jis was certified, & sikere oiT ilk side. 

It myght not be denied, for }?ing })at mot betide. 

jjis conseild Sir Antoyn, ])e bisshop of Durham, 

J7at non eft mad essoyn, j^e kynge's right to clame. 

JN O W wex jje Scottes wode, now haue ]?ei nythe & onde, 
Who of ])a.t fals blode ouh to be kyng of pe londe. 
Jjat was right heire is dede, on J^at side is no mo, 
J>orgh blode & right rede to Dauid salle it go. 
Dauid of Huntyngton was kynge's Wiliam brojjer, 
Tille his heires }>orgh reson, of William is non of>er. 
Of William now is non, Dauid heire salle be, 
& his heirs of him gon salle haf jje regalte. 
Dauid had douhtres ])re were gyuen to jjre lordynges, 
J)at claymes j^e regalte, Baliol, Brus, Hastynges. 
J?is ilk Jre barons, J^orgh descent of blode, 
Haf right & resons to ])e coroune fuUe gode. 
Jjise Jjre jald ]?er right vp to Sir Edward, 
Tille it wer atried Jjorgh sight, whom it felle afterward. 
Sir Edward is seised in Scotland ilk a dele, 
jjise ]>re barons pesid, & hold J^am paied wele. 
5 Now com ])is barons eft, & ask jugement. 
To whom it salle be left, J^orgh coraon assent. 
|je kyng wille bot wele, J?e lawe alle ynderstandcs, 
Jje hie folk ilk a dele, he did com of bofje jje landes 
Scottis & Inglis, he said to ]?e wisest, 
** Gyue now gode dome of |?is, whilk of J)ise may best 

Ecce ttttsT. 
Biur factum 
pro rege 

Eccp AngH 
& Scotti 
pro regno 


§50 Edwardus Rtt. 

" To resceyue I^e coroune, Scotlond forlo ^fl\<?, 

" fat J^e right go not doune. & best may jow alle ^me. 

What for ]je kynge's sawe, & skille fei tnderstode, 

& l^orgh l^e londe's la we, & descent of blod, 

\)e triours alle ]7at caste, & put ]?er saw tille on. 

" We say with word stedfaste, we chefe Baliol Jon. 

** Sir Jon \e Baliol es a man J^e reame may saue, 

" & nere of blode & flessh, J^e heritage to hane, 

" For euer we vnderstond, tille him & alle hise, 

** Holdand of Inglond, for homage & seruise. 

Our kyng Sir Edward held him wcle payed, 

He did })am no more hard, ne langer was delayed. 

Disseised him self of alle, jald it to Sir Jon, 

Bot Jon his homage salle mak or he be gon. 

Saynt Steuenday it felle, |7at Jon mad his homage. 

At J^e Newe castelle, listnes J^e langage. 

LTj-" '' 'My lord Edward I^e kyng Inglis, 
itSsis'l^: " ^ *^^^f« lo^'^ of I'c Scottis, 

*' I bicom ]>{ man for Scotlond Jjing, 

' This form is thus expressed 
(but not in Rhythm) in the 
Homagiiim French Copies: Moun sey- 
Ballol. gnoure Sire Edward, Reis 

Dengleterre. 8c souerayne 
seignour du realme descoez, 
[yel de Escoce site descoce] 
Jeo Jon de Balyol, Rey de- 
scoce, deuenk yostre home 
llge de tut le realme descoce, 

oue les \yel ouf tuz les] apur- 
tenaunces, e ou qaunt qe 
apent, [yel ouf kauncke apehlj 
le quel ioe \tel io, sive ieo] 
tenk de dreit e [yel et] clayme 
a tenir [yel tenir, absque a] 
heritablement de vous & de 
vos heyrs r6is de Engleter- 
re, de vie & de membre, e de 
terrien honour en countre qe 

Edwardus Rex, 


" With alle |?e purtenance jjerlille, 
** jjat to ])e rearae longes with skille, 
" ]>e whilk I hold, & salle ]>orgh right 
*' Clayrae to hald, at alle my rayght, 
*' Heritagelik of j^e, 
" & of jjin heires ]7at after J)e be. 
Of Inglond, with lif & lymrae, 
For erthly worschip Jjat I nymrae, 
Ageyn alle J?o may lyiie & deye, 
& with J)am hold in luf & eye. 

KJN |?is maner J»e kyng it toke, 

His right forto saue & loke. 

I^is was at ]>e Nevve castelle, 

On Saynt Steucn's day it felle. 

A jjousand. cc°. fourscore & J?re 

}je jers o Jhesu wer, whan jjis felle to be. 

M*. CC". 

Our kyng gode Edward fiorgh Scotlond ferd, 
As he com ' ho ward he souht S. Cutberd, 
& mad jjer his offryiig, si|?en com to Beuerlay, 
& offred J^er fair J^ing, to London his way. 

[yel honour countre totes 
genz ke, sive honur encontre 
genz qe] pount viuer ou mo- 
rir. Et le Key le rescent 
lyel rascent, sive receyt] en 
la fourrae saune son dreit & 
autry. Cest homage fu fet a 

Vol. ir. 

Noue chustel sur Type le 
iour \_vel sur Tyne en Engle- 
terre le iour] Sent Esteuen, 
le an [_vel lanj tie grace. M. 
CC. xc. secound, e du regne 
la Rey Edward. xxi°. 
' L. homward. 
c On 

Anno do- 
mi lii 31". 
cc°. no ■ a- 
g'sijao M\ 

252 Edwardus Rex, 

On fele fringes he |7ouht, & wex heiiy als lede, 
How chances on him souht, & \>3.i ]>e quene was dede. 
His solace was alle reft, Jjat scho fro hira was gon, 
Ne no Sonne him left, bot jing Edward alon. 
He was tendre & jing, of him had he no speyre, 
Himself in ille likyng, & had no waxen heyre, 
f>at mot kepe \>e coroune, if he of lond went, 
He drouped Jjerfore donne, & said \e. lond were schent, 
If ' he tille Acres ^ede, in perile sulle allc be, 
Of J>e child wer drede \>q lond als wele as he. 
De beiio 5 j^ Tjinkenff of alle bis, be batailed in be se, 

inter Porti- r & r J r r 7 

CO., & Nor- Normans & Inglis were slayn grete plente. 


])e Normans jjat day les, for I^er powere was nouht, 
J)e portes had als ]?ei ches schippes inow j^am brouht. 
To Doner & * Germne cam, & vnto Wynchilse, 
To Romeneye & Schorham, & to Peueneshe, 
To Gipwiche & Sandwiche, & to Southamptoun, 
3 Alle ])e portes were riche, Irays & Bayou n. 
\fe fine portes ]?orgh powere jje se liad so conquerd, 
J7at Normans alle j^at jere durst not be sene for ferd. 
Jjorgh |7e loud of France was said fulle sone, 
Philip herd ]?at chance, how j^e Inglis had done, 
& alle how it bigan, & alle |?e skille why, 
]7at |7ei togider ran, & we had Jje raaistrie. 

' Et si le Reis Edward 
vers Akres fust ale, Mult 
serreyt en perylle regne & re- 
galte, MSS. Gall. a Gerne- 
meue, vel Gernemue sive Ger- 

newe, BISS. Gall. « Irays & 
Baonays [yel Bayonays) 
ount grant partye waygne, 
Codd. Gall. 


Edwardus Rex* 

OlR * Edward God him saue, he is in grete longyng 
A where he mot haue, jjat auenant is & jing 
|jat wer of hie perage, suilk on wild he take 
His euenhed in mariage, gentille gendrure to make. 
His herte gaf tille dame Blanche, if hir wille wer J^erto, 
& holy kirke wild stanche sibred bituex J^ara tuo, 
Hire }?an wild he wedde, forto saue J^e pes 
In luf |)at \iei j^am ledde, in werire Jjat noujjer les. 
For Blanche his cosyn he sent how it mot be. 
To mak a mariage fyn, Philip sister was sche. 
& als vnto J^e pape, for to wite ])q certeyn, 
What ]>e clergie wild schape, whan ])c courte were pleyn, 
? Edward * messengers vnto j^at raayden sent, 
To wite of hir maners, to se hir body gent. 
]>Qi com vnto J>at may, & sauh hir contenance, 
So fair lady J^at day was not in alle France. 
Whan Jjei had sene J^at sighl, ]>d com & teld our kyng, 
Creature non myght be fayrer bi no Jjing. 


De Blan- 
chia sorore 

* Ly Reis sir Edward ad 
grant volente, Esposer gen. 
tyl femme de halt parentee, 
Dount auer engendrure piir 
son herite, Pur refourmer la 
pees, e norir amiste, Codd. 
Gall. * Sire Edward en 
Fraunce ad messagers maun- 
de, De vere la damoy. 
sele enqtiere de sa bounte. 
Les messangeres \_vel bounte, 
Si elesait, sive E si ele soyt, 
auenaunte en face, ea cors 

taylle. Les messagers] i 
vount, e le ount refigure En 
cors, en facoun, en mayn, en 
iaumbe, & pe. [yel en pe] Al- 
Reis sunt reuenuz, e le ount 
nouncye. Plus bele creature 
est nule part troue. Sire Ed- 
ward, alias ! dcueent en a- 
moure, Et a la daraoysele par 
lettre ad monstre, [yel admu- 
stre, sive ad mustre] Et al Rey 
Phelipp son quoer, & sa pen- 
se, MSS. Gull. 

C 2 


254 Edvcardus Rex. 

Fro Rome liidorward fayrer nou was. 

Enamoured bicom Edward of dame Blanche, alias ! 

Blanche did write stiUe, a letter Philip sent, 

Hir herte Si, hir wille alle wist he what scho went. 

A )7ousand &. cc. fourscore & fourtene, 

jit salle Edward be encombred J^orgh dame Blanche schenc. 

FormR ma- (JfT ]?ad \>e parties spoken of \h mariage, 
Ktiwardum & (eld bo]7e J^cr avis to messengers of passage, 
ciiiam. PJiilip & dame Blanche granted ])e aliance, 

No |?e les of a branche jjer was a disceyuance. 

How \)e granted ]>e\ tille ))ei tald bi a messengere, 

l^e fourme of ]7er skille |?ei said on jjis raanere. 

*' Edward Avithut essoyn salle gyue Philip ]>& kyng 

" Alle holy Gascoyn, withouten disturblyng. 

" After |?e forty dayes of }>at feffement, 

" Philip, without delayes, salle gyue ])at ilk tenement 

" Tille Edward & tille Blanche, & ]>ex heires of j^am comcn. 

" If it be so no branche in wedlaike of fjara be noraen, 

" If Blanche ouer lyue Edward, scho salle haf hir lyue 

*' ' Goscoyn afterward, ageyn |?at non salle stryue ; 

** & after Blanche desces, withouten gaynsaying, 

*' Salle turne to J^e heires in pes of ]7e Inglis kyng, 

To ]7at ilk scrite Edward set his scale, 

})at his gift was perfite, & with witnes leale. 

Whan alle was spoken, wist not Sir Antoyn, 

Fulle sone it had bien broken, & Philip fro Gascoyn, 

Philip spysed Burdews, |)orgh Sir Edward scrite, 

\g to]7er, as so say deus ! ^ald ]7am also tite. 

Edwardus Rex* 


TV HAT did kyng Philip, whan alle j^is was ent ? 
To Paris gan he skip, & held his parlemcnf, 
& Charles his brojjer with him corn he j^idere, 
])e erle of Artous ]?c toj^cr, fre fals men togidere. 
]?ise)7re ageyn Edward mad a compassemcnt. 
For Normand & Pikard to courte after Jjam sent. 
\<o Jjat were in ])e bataile, J^at on J^e had lorn, 
]?at portes gan assaile, as I told biforn, 
Edward j^ei cald & teld, ]?at he was mayntenoure, 
jje robbed he alle held, as a resceynour. 
Of suilk felonie Edward in courte ])e cald, 
Did non ])at curteisie, J^at j^er for him wild hald. 
Of ]7at fals controueyiig gaf ])ei jugement, 
Depriued j^ei our kyng of alle J)e tenement 
Of londes of Gascoyn, ]>i\t neuer more suld he, 
For no maner essoyn, eft chalange Jjat fe, 
Bot of ]>e kyng of France holden suld it be. 
Edward kepe |ii chance, ]?ci haf bitraised Jje. 

De tradi- 
tione Ka- 
roli & co- 
tnitis de 

jyi.EN sais in jje courte of France, among J^e dcze pers, 
With right he leses his chance, J^orgh faut |?at not apers. 
})er may ne write be brouht, to wynae ageyn his right, 
Bot ])orgh force be souht, Jjorght dynt of suerd & fight. 
Edward sore it ment, whan he wist Jjat tirpeil, 
For Sir Antoyn he sent, to com to his conseil, 
& for ])o barouns, ]>at were his wele willand, 
For conseil & resons, & chance ]?at was comand. 



256 Edwardus Rex* 

Sir Antoyn first bigan, spak hastily & wilde, 
'^ Sir kyng j^ou was a man, be not now bold a childe. 
'' J)ou suld do right nouht vvithout jje comon sight, 
** Jjat may of scaj^e be wrouht agcyn ]ie reame's right. 
Ece dicta *^ Do ^it be be consaile, j^ou salle not it repent, 


" Bot som l^at may not auaile, pi wille to suilk es went. 
*' Yi roanace drede j^ei more, in hastynes suorn, 
" ]7an if J^i reame aile wore in poynt forto be lorn. 
'^ Sir Antoyn," said ]>e kyng, " I wite l^is no man, 
*^ Bot myn vnconyng, Jjis folic ray self bigan. 
5 '' Sen J70U has don ' araysse, at j^in vnconyng, 
'' We may not faile at |7is, to help \)Q in alle J^ing, 
" & if l^ou jjink to wynne Gascoyn ageyn |)i lond, 
" Hastily bigjnne Philip to folow j^ou fond. 
'* \io\x. may not ligge & slepe as monke in his dortoure, 
*' fiou salle rise vp & lepe, & stirre vnto Jje stoure, 
'' & geie J?e frendcs fele, }7orgh gifte of mone, 
" Tresore may ]?ou non spele of lordes bi^ond }7e se. 
*' \>e kyng of Almayn, & j^e duke of Boloyn, 
*' jje to help were fayn, & ]>e erle of Burgoyn, 
'* \>e kyng of Aragoun, & ]>e eric of Sanuay. 
*'■ ]>\se er redy boun, to help Jje nyght & day. 
* ' Whan \)o\x of fiise ert sikere to |?e j^orgh aliance, 
*' J7an is tyme to bikere with |7e kyng of France. 

* Said fe bishop addenda sunt, si Codices Gallicos sequamur. 


Edwardus Rex, 25T 

Vt HAN Antoyn his resons to be kyns: said bus. Consilium 

}jan spak '\ie barons, '* Sir kyng listen tille vs. 
'* Forsoth ilk lordyng, wliilk Sir Aiitoyii has said, 
** Disherited is j^orgh )7e kyng, chalanges })am of neid. 
** He has spared non, \)ex he mot fynd encheson, 
** })at he disherites ilkon of castelle & of toun. 
*' ]7erfore we rede je sende to \e kyng of Almayn, 
** & jour londes to defende, & reue Philip his wayn. 
" & to ])c kyng of Aragoun, & tille alle J^e to})er, 
" Be calle }?am of tresoun, Philip & Charles his broj^er. 
" Bynd jow alle togider, to lyue & to deie, 
'^ We se noujjer whidere \o\\ may haf sikerer weie. 
" Siluer may ])o\\ non spare of \o ]>?ii with ])e be, 
** For Philip is euer jare, & has so grete pouste. 

X O J^at ilk consail J?e kyng acorded to, Antonius 

factus est 

Sir Antoyn wille trauail^ Jje message forto do. mmcius. 

' \ic ersbisshop of Deuelyn he was chosen his pere, 

A baron bold & fyn, Sir Hugh Despensere, 

Of Krawecombe Sir Jon, a clerke gode & wys. 

Now is Antoyn gon to procure J^e partys, 

l^e Almanz alle wer lefe be suorn to Jje Inglis, 

& ]7er kyng was chefe in wille to do alle Jjis, 

& bisshop & baron alle ]ie\ had gode wille. 

With obligacion J^e Inglis suore jjei tille 

' Par commune counsaylle 
Antoyne est alez, Et luy \yel 
ly] erceuesque de Diuclyn sa- 
crez, Hug le Despensere ba- 

roun renomez, Et Jon de 
Cracoumbe clerk bien auy- 
sez, MSS. Gall. 

c4 Be 

258 Edwardus ReT, 

Bo lielpancl |je Almanz in alle maner of nedd* 
BoJ^e to bold couenaz with scrite enselid J^e dede. 
Now Anioyn is of lond, God saue him & his pers, 
Edward sendis his soiid, to France mfssengers, 
Frere * Hugh of Malmcestre was a Jacobynj 
& William of Gaynesburgh was a Cordelyn. 
Alle jjise passid \q se, so com ]ie erle of Artoys 
In prison did })am be a seuenyght in Caleys. 
To Paris sij^en j^ei cam, & j^er fond \c\ \e kyiig, 
\>e letter forth }^ei nam, to trowe ]?er sayng; 
J7is letter of credance \>e\ schewcd in his present, 
Here now f'e acordance, what J^er say ng raent. 

P'lofrafres feiR Hugh was man of state, he said as I salle rede, 
' To prince & to prelate men salle loute & drede, 

filcti sinU 
nrnicii ad 

Fianciae. a & f^r lord dere his biddy ng salle men do. 

" To lesse & more in fere haf fayth & treuth also, 
" & for our lord Edward, * j^at God him saue & se, 
" We tok J)is trauaile hard, his bode to bere to J^e. 

S " He settes \e terrac & stage bi vs, Avhan & wliy 
*' jjat he has don homage for Gascoyn plenerly, 
*' In forward formed in pes, as was ]?er acordance, 
*^ As jour anccstres ches of Inglond & of France, 
*' J^ei mad a pes final aftere ])er contek, 
" ]>o\\ has broken it alle, & don him many ille chek. 

f " Now at his last goyng, whan he to Gascoyn went, 
" ge sette a certeyn J'ing, at jour boj^e assent, 

' Hugh de Mauncestre, I Codd. Gall. * Qe dieu de 
vel Huge de Maumecestre, in \ raal defcnt, Gall. 


Edwardus Rex, 259 

" & ]7at suld liolden be, euer withouten ende, 
" ]70u brak ]7at certeynte wikkedly & vnhende. 

f " jit he biddes \e se, how wrong ])o\\ wilt him lede, 
*' Bituex him «& ])e was mad a priiie dede, 
*' Of Gascoyn certeyn was )7at fefFement, 
" Forto fcfFe him ageyn in ]7at tenement. 
" J)i seisyn is wele knowen, ])e days has ]7ou plenere, 
** To restore him his owen, he sent to ]>& duzepers, 
" As lawe wild & right, & couenant was in scrite. 
*' jeld it, })ou has no right, with wrong holdes it in lite, 
*' Ageyn alle maner skille, & jit ]7ou ert so grefe. 
** For whilom l^ou wrote him tille, & cald him in ]7i brefe* 
*' ]){ kynde, faythfuUe & leale of Gascoyn noble duke, 
*' l^erto J70U set ]?i scale, J^at right wilt ])on rebuke. 
*^ Neuer sijjen hiderward suilk speche vnto him touched, 
*' Werfore our kyng Edward in fiouht fulle wele has 

" J70U holdes him not ]>{ man, no J^ing holdand of ]7e, 
" Ne he }?inkes neuer for j^an, to mak \>e more feaute. 
•' He hopes to wynne j^at land with dynt of douhty ' kyght, 
" Of God he claymes holdand, & neuer of no right. 

f 'f At \\s tyme is not els of Sir Edward to seye, 

** Bot of Edmunde Jjat duellis with him als brej^er tueye, 

*' Forbi any o]7er with him wille hold & be. 

*' He is his lord & broj^er, he certifies ]7at to J?e, 

*' ]7at no man in j^is werld he lufcs so mykelle no dredis, 

" Ne with him is non herd so mykelle may help at nedis. 

" For he sees so wele gour grete controued gile, 

** Ageyn his broj'er ilk dele compassed in a while, 

' F. knyght. " Keft 

260 Edwardus Hex. 

'^ Reft him his heritage, sais on him felonie, 
*' He jeldes vp his homage, forsakis |?i companie, 
*' & f>crto all ])Q. londes, ]7at he held of jje, 
*' & jeldes vp alle ]>& bondes of homage & feaute, 
*' Saue jje right J^at may falle of ancestres olde, 
*' Unto fier heires alle to haf & to holde; 
** We er pouer freres, ]7at haf nought on to lyue, 
'* In stede of messengeres, saue condite vs gyue. 
*' })orgh Yi lond to go in } in auowrie, 
*" Jjat non vs robbe ne slo, for J)i curteysie. 

ifeg'ir"^"* X HE respons were redy, Jjat Philip did j^am bere, 
A knyght fulle anerty gaf J^am jjis ansuere. 
" ' }'3 conantz })at wer sette in nessh & in hard, 
^'' Kyng Philip has jjam gette fro Jjat tyme hiderward. 
** Bot f'orgh \q kyng Inglis, & |7orh his raaryners, 
*' \e conantz ere gan mis, in many stedes sers. 
*' Homage vp to geld, lordschip to forsake, 
*' So Philip it wild, on ]7at wise we it take, 
*' As ge haf mad present, j^e kyng vouches it saue. 
jje messengers went, condute he did jjam haue, 
jjei hed redy wendyng, at Douer J^ei toke lond, 
& sped ]7am to J)e kyng, at London ])ei him fond. 

' Lour dist ke les coue- 
naunce fet de sea \_sive sa] en 
arere, Sunt tenuz en touz 
poyntz, saunz rien violer, Par 
le Rey de Fraunce, & par luy. 
xii. peer, Et par le Reis En. 
.glays e luy mariner Rumpi 

sunt couenaunce par tere & 
par mere. Paroles ke sunt 
dites, de teres resigner, Des 
homages rendre, de seygnour 
refuser, Le Reis Phelipp 
resceyt, en meme la maner, 
MSS. Gall. 


Edwardus Rex, 261 

W HAN Edward jjer respons knowe, & what \iq\ ment, Peticio Ed- 
For clerkis & barons son after he sent, barones. 

& eft Jjam alle biforn teld |)ani alle ]>e chance, 
How Gascoyn was lorn fiorgh ]>ex gilerie of France. 
" Withouten help of jow wyn it may I noubt, 
*« To saue J?e londe's prow, to ask J^is haf I J^ouht : 
*' I ask half ]7e godes to haf of })e clergie, 
" & saue gour o]?er fodes, to maynten ray partie. 
*' Marchaut & burgeis to j^e sext be laid. 
He wild on no weis, }jat it were geyn said. 
\>e barons alle plenere in j^e tende him seised, 
So in }}at self jere it suld be pnyed & reised. 
f Jje lond fulle hard was sette in J^at ilk laying, 
No jjeles we ere in dette, at nede to help J^e kyng. 
& praye God for his right bo]?e foles & wys, 
To saue him day & nyght ageyn his enmys. 
If jjei jjat tyme had wonnen, & venquised Sir Edward, 
& ]7orgh jiis lond wonnen Normanz & Pikard, 
Jie kirke of Inglond fulle ille jjci suld haf said, 
& had alle gon to schond, \)e clergie ille bisted, 
Jjat neuer bisshop, ne person, ne riche perronendere, 
Ne erle, ne baron, ne knyght, ne squiere, 
Ne burgeis of cite, merchant ne Frankeleyn, 
\?A euer had bien fre, bot seruage leyn . 
For alle ]?is )>raldam, |?at now on Inglond es, 
jjorgh Normanz it cam, bondage & destres, 
& if J'ei now powere had of vs, wite ge wele, 
Streiter we suld be lad bi J)e tend dele. 



Edwardiis Rex, 

Dc adven- 
tu Antonii, 

Better vs is to giue, & sane vs fro disceile, 
J^an with our fo men lyue in seruage so streite. 

X HE kyng J^is pay has nomen, & in cofres has. 
Sir Antoyn home is cornen fro Almayn \ex he was. 
\e bisshop of Deuelyn don has his enclyns-, 
Sir Hugh gode hele is in, & comcn is to j^e kyng. 
Jje crsdeken of Richemunde to ]>e pape is sent, 
Sir Jon of Crawecombe with him is he went, 
jje paps forto telle ]>c sothe how it was, 
& in his dome to duelle, who did most trespas. 
Toward Portesmouthe Jjc kyng fast drouh, 
To werre as he wele couthe, he ordeynd whilk «& how, 
First to be cheftayn, to Gascoyn forto go, 
Sir Jon of Brefayn forraast on of j^o. 
Sir Jon Sayn Jon he ktiewe wele |?at cuntre, 
' Roberd Tiptoft an oj^er, on his sonne salle with him be ; 
Sir Laurence of Sauueye, also he was J^are. 
\e\ aryued alle o weye at Burgh sur la Mare. 
J^iderward * as als he went, Sir Henry |7e Lacie, 
\>Q kyng eft for him sent, I salle telle jow whi. 

An Wales is a schreward to werre risen 


duk itenim 

hImTn \Vai- For he wend Sir Edward oner ]?e se wer gon, 

' Robert de Tiptoft, e 
son fizaynez, MSS. Gall. *Le 
Count de Nichole fu laun. 
dreit aprestez, Par maunde- 

nient le Reis le Count est 
retoumez, La rpsoun pur 

quay, vous dirray 
MSS. Gall, 



Edwardus Rex, ^^ 

' Sfiowdon gan he liald, als his heritage, 

& prince \ei him cald, ]?at bastard outrage. 

\>e Inglis men he slouh, & robbed alle Jjer j'ing, 

\)& castelles doun drouh, Jjat longed tille j^e kyng. 

})is ti}7ing com him eft, how Wale him bitrayed, 

J^erfor is Gascoyn left, & j^erat werre delayed. 

Schortly forto say, to * Snowdon has he tight, 

& in Abretonway a castelle vp he dight, 

& \ex he held his jolc with fele of his baronage, 

Of Gascoyn was dole ]iat he left j^at viage. 

Fro jole vnto J>e Pask werred Sir Edward, 

Grete trauaile it askes, colde & greuance hard. 

I^orgh pite mykelle he les, & reufulhed of herte, 

For ]>e folk he with him ches wer first auster & smerte, 

flat Wales mot haf bien wonnen, if he had done )jam tille, 

& Jjorgh out Gascoyn ronnen, if he had don |)am skille. 

If he had don so wele, gyuen J^am alle j^er lyue, 

Ipci wynnyng ilk a dele, J^at J?ei mot reyme & gyue, 

Iloldand in warantie, of him & of his heyres, 

Chef of |iat seignorie to J)am & to J^eirs, 

For soth Wales had bien wonne at jjat dynt, 

& Gascoyn had bien seen wonne |)at is tynt. 

For ]7e pes to haue, he mad so long a trayne, 

Jje knyghtes mot jjam not saue, ]7at were in Aquitayne. 

For Charles wan Riouns, ]?orgh fio-Iit had he ]>q pris, 

& fettred J^e Gascouns led |)am to Paris. 

' Saa%yedoun ad saysie, 
cum ses heritez, Se fet apel- 
lere prence, par noun de pa- 
rentez, Codd, Gall. * Et de 

youz \yel South} Snawe- 
doun en Gales est entrez, En 
Abreco'.iwaye chastel afier- 
mez, MSii> Gull. 


2^ Edwardm Rea^: 

Saynt Seuere was golden jjorgb force in couenant. 

Burdens wild ])e\ no wolden, had Frankis & Normant. 

J?an jede ilk a Pikard, scornand & makand ryrae, 

Lorn is now Edward, Gascoyn in alle his fyme. 

f ])e Inglis wend haf help of ])e kyng of Aragonne, 

Of Edward had ])d mad jelp, & his broj^er Ednioun, 

& of jje erle of Lincoln, j^ei wend ]7ei suld com |?ider, 

Bot alle l^ei were forholn, & failed Jora alle togider. 

To while our Inglis alle wer in tribulacioun, 

t)e Mad- Wales (wo mot it fldle!) ros eft borgh tresoun. 

dok & ^ / ' ^ 

MorgaK. Bot after j^e Task tide ]>e kyng so on J?am ran, 

Maugre alle j)er pride, Snowdon on fiam wan. 

SiJ?en in Angleseie did set his pauilloun, 

Romand in his weie, cried pes in ilk a toun. 

Tille alle ]7at pes wild haue, pes he wille gyue. 

& lyue & lymme suld saue Jjo, \)ai in pes wild lyue. 

Bot \e erle of Gloucestre so had him misborn, 

Southwales, jjat was his estre, j^orgh Morgan had he lorn. 

I ne wote whi it was bituex him & Morgan, 

Ne how com jjat trespas, J^at Morgan on him ran. 

Tille Edward our kyng wild Morgan not be gode, 

Bot Maddok mad werryng, & cald him prince of blode. 

Was taken Jjorgh consaile, & led to Londoun, 

Now is Maddok wrojjerhaile don in |7er prisoun, 

jjorgh Edward long tray ne Gascoyn is born doun, 

Non defendes his chayne, bot only Bayoun. 

If he bi tyme had gon j^orh help of bis Gascons, 

J^cr suld haf standen non, Philip no Charlons, 


Edxssardus Rex* 

He siild haf wonnen Saynt Seuer & Rions, 
Tolouse & Tolousan, Burdeus with his soraons. 


VV ALES wo ! Jje be, j^e fende \q confound. 
Scotland whi ne mot I se be sonken to Helle ground ? 
Was neuer in jjam both terme set ne stounde, 
Jjat J?ei discorded wroth, f»e pes tion in J?am founde. 
In Wales said beforn alle day is mischance, 
& Gascoyn now is lorn, jjorgh treson of France. 
What did Jon Baliol, J)at Edward did auance, 
Bot falsly, as a fole, bigan a disceyuance ? 
Jjorgh conseile of hise he sent vnto |7e pape, 
& controued a quaintise, a new falsnes did schape, 
& said Scotlond suld be, |?orgh right & olde setnesse, 
Holden of his se, & of non els ]7at es, 
& Edward of Inglond, J^orgh force & myght, 
In his homage him bond, ageyn his wille & right. 
*' We ask 50 w grace of |}is, assoyle him of j?at othe, 
*' ]7at he did maugre his, to wrong was him lothe, 
** Bot he mot quitely go in world where he fore, 
*' & frely passe him fro, fro whom J?at he to suore. 
' jje pape Celestyn, of non avisement, 
With letter bulled fyn assoyled to Scotlond sent. 
Whan j^is bulle was brouht home bi messengres, 
A vileyine ]?ami Jjouht, to mak jjam duze pers. 

De Wallia 
& Scocia, 
& falsitat* 

* Le pape Celestine trop desauise Assolt le Rey descoce 
par lettre enbulle, Gall. 


266 Edwardus Rex: 

Desherite Edward of alle his seignorie, 

' Of Jon Baliol musard suilk was his curteysie. 

For Edward ffode dede > ., , , 

. , > a wikked bounte. 

}7e Baliol did him mede 5 

Turne we affeyn to rede > ,,,,,, t /v 

" -^ J a Maddok per left we. 

& on our geste to spede 5 

JN O W is Morgan golden, & Maddok he bendes, 

\)e kyng conien to London, bi consail of his frendes. 

Tuo Cardenalles of Rome ])e pape hider sent, 

To Paris bo|)e ]>ei come, to J^e parlcment, 

Jiei said luf to make, jje pape wild entermet, 

}?at non ageyn o]7er take, tille tyme jjat he had set. 

Jjise cardinals so bond Edward «& Philip, 

NouJ?er suld werri bi lond, no in water bi schip, 

Bot hold ]?am stone stille in pes at \>ex cuntre, 

J)at nouj^er of jjam did ille, ])e pape wild justisc be. 

})ise kynges stille \iq\ left at ])e pape's request, 

Jje Normanz com now eft, & mak a newe gest. 

Kormanni ./\.LS pes was mad of partie Jjorgh cardinals J^at com ouer, 
insnituin lid be folk of Normuudie aryued vp at Doner, 

' Pur le grant honour, qe Edward le sene 
Fist a Jon Baliol, tel est la bounte. 
DountleReys Edward j Est reguerdone. * 

Du Reys Jon musard 3 

Descoce seyt cum poet ^ La gest auaunt parle, MSS. 

Parfourmir nous estoet 3 Gol^' 



Edwardus Rex, 267 

& men of Caleis camen with fiam wele I wene, 

To brenne }?e toun alle saraen, & slouh men Jrittene. 

\ie wardejn herd it telle of ]ie castelle biside, 

A monke of a Celle bare him wele jj^at tide. 

|>ei sette so wele \iex wardes, & stiflj samen stode, 

J)at Norraanz & Pikardes left bo]?e bede bode. 

A monke jjer was I wene, he slouh tuenti, 

J?er hedes quyte & clene, he laid j^am bi & bi. 

A monk was of j?at celle, Jjei slouh him danz Thomas, 

A saynt he men telle, with Normanz slayn he was. 

I wene fiat Jiei jede, mykelle not \e\ wonnen, 

J)e Frankis Jjat mot spede, to schippes fast ronnen. 

After alle ]?is fare, J?e cardinals went J^er weie, 

What ansuere J^ei bare, }?e sojje can I not say. 

No Jje les of fele }?is was Jje comon sawe, 

jjcr folk alle sulle {?e spele, & fro werryng |)am drawe 

Edward & Philip, & late ]>e folk ouer wend 

& passage haf in schip, to londes forto lend. 

In \ie sufferance of pes, tille }?e acorde wer ent, 

\e Inglis l^erto ciies, if Almanz wild consent. 

X O while Jjise cardinals trauaild for \>e pes, De tradici- 

Here of a wikhals how he bigan a res. Ciie. ^^ ^ 

' Thomas Turbeuile was taken at Rions, 
At Paris he duelte a while in hold with 6\per prisons. 

* Thomas de Turbeuyle, 
qe a Riouns fu pris, Ea 
taunt ad parle al prouosf de 
Parys, Ke {yel Qe] fet ad 

son homage, & hostages mys 
Les. ii. fiz en garde, & sure- 
ment promys, A!er en En- 
gleterre, espyer le pays, Et 

Vol. II. dire 

268 Edisardus Rex, 

To )>e prouest he spak, & bed him his homage^ 

His oth jjat he ne brak, he left in his ostage 

& hise childre tuo, & suore him his leaute, 

Tille Inglond suld he go, to spie ilk a cuntre, 

Tille \ie kyng suld he say, |7at he of prison fled, 

He wist non sifcerer way, fot socotir tille him sped. 

fe prouest als tite to Thomas Jjerfdr him bond, 

& granted him with scrite tuo hundreth pounde of lond, 

& Thomas trouht him plight, & suore on J7e messe, 

Of Inglond alle J7e right, & Wales more & lesse, 

& of Scotlond alle Jje men, fat were of pris, 

Suld enclyn & falle to Philip fitz Lowys. 

Now gos Jjis Thomas, his treson to purchace, 

Bot ' how Edward was warned |)orgh • Code's. 

Thomas tille Inglond com to kyng & said, 

Bi nyght he skapid of bond of prison J^er he was laid^ 

For his luf to haue, suilk perille on him drouh, 

& J?at he vouched saue for his luf wele inouh. 

)?e kyng tille him J^erfore did grete curteysie, 

Wynnyng for his lore he gaf him largelie, 

JN OW gos Turbeuile, & serchis day bi day^ 
To do f>e kyng a gile, how & whan he may. 
He serchis alle J)e coste, where were best comyng, 
To bring in Frankis oste, forto tak our kyng. 

dire al Reis Edward, qil 
•veent futyfs, Eschape de pri- 
Mun par my ses enemys, 

MSS. Gall. 

' Id est J lo ! how. * Jdde, 


Edtssardus Hex, 269 

Whan be had serched alle, & knew ilk a coste, 
His man with f>e cardinalle he sent to ]>e prouoste. 
jfe prouest mad grete joye for jjat ilk sond. 
It turnes hot tille ])e bo|?ej if Code's grace may stond. 
\)e clerke jjat wrote ])e lettere to Thomas Tarbeuile, 
He Jjouht forto do bettere, j^an kyng Edward to gile, 
Tille oiTJjat was priue ])e kynge's conseiloure, 
J)e clerk lete him alle se jje dede of ]7at traytoure. 
Whan Thomas was perceyued, his lettres wer away, 
jje kynge's courte he weyned, for he dred to deie. 
A seruant jjer was, \)a.t wist whan Thomas fled, 
Fulle sone after Thomas better pas he sped. 
Opon ])e jjrid day, at a toun haraelet, 
Thomas was his pray, as he to mete was set. 

JN OW Thomas taken esj & to London brouht : 
Grete was J^e wikkednes, ])at T. had wrouht. 
To |?e justise he said, he wild speke with ]>e kyng, 
Of his traytours neid, to warn him of a Jjing. 
T. Jjerfor was don to prison eft ageyn, 
To ])e kyng als son |?e sent bode certeyn. 
At Malmesbirie j^e kyng with his moder was. 
Whan him com tiyng of Turbuile Thomas. 
He teld ])e kyng ilk dele, Thomas wild speke with him, 
& warn him he suld wele, whilk wer his traytours grym. consilium 
f His moder Helianore abated ]>er grete bale. ^iJ'"* ^^ 

" Sonne," said scho, " neuer more trowe ^e traytours tale, 
'^ Suilk traytours als he for hate wille mak a lie, 
" jjorgh Jjc whilk mot be vengeance & felonie. 

D 2 'f Sanne, 

270 Edwardus Rex, 

" Sonne, on my blissyng, trowe ^ou not his sawe, 

" Bot late him haf endyng, als a traytour ]?orgh lawe. 

f \>e kyng wrote bis lettere agayn to jje Justise, 
J)at he wist non bettere, bot do liim to Jiiwise, 
For alle J?at he has said he don vnder fote 
Tille |)is werld be, it it jit no tyine to mote. 

f Now j)e Turbeuile has his jugement, 
Drawen is a while on London pauiment, 
& si]?en was he hanged as thef for treson, 
Faire grace Edward fanged in his tribulacion. 

IN OW is Yis wlkhals dede |'orgh vengeance, 
& jje Cardinals gon er in to France. 
Oft for jje pes with Philip mad bergayn, 
Unto I'at conseil ches fje kyng of Almayn, 
Cierkis bituex ))am sent hidir to Edward, 
What jjer conseil ment, J?e distance so hard. 
\>e wraih was so grete bituex j^ise kynges tuo, 
Unnethis acorde j^ei schete, bot fjus with mykelle wo. 
? To Kaunbray suld J^ei send men J^at were of Gode, 
J^at Jjer greuance kend, ])e distance vnderstode. 
Cierkis & lewed men suld deme at Kaunbray, 
& trie J)e soth & ken, in whom jje wrong lay : 
To what manere of pes J?e parties wille descend, 
& who ])c wrong first ches, j^at partie suld amend. 
To ]<o ilk resons jje luglis wer assent, 
Bisshopes & barons were gode of ]>o Jjat went. 


Edwardus Rex, 

X O while our men were out, for to mak \q pes, 
Men of armes stout \ie kyng to Gascoyn cbcs. 
Sir Edmound his bro]jer J-^e first was redy, 
' Of Lyncoln \q erle a nojjer, Sir Henry \e Lacy, 
Sir William \)e Vescy wys man & bold baroun, 
& o])er lordes worjji, J^at were of gode renoun. 
Sex & tuenty baners of Inglond alder best, 
Of armes })at knewe Jje maners, to werre were alle prest, 
If In Inglond were left als doubty as \)o, 

Of Jjam Jje kyng toke eft, to Scotlond wild he go, 
]?e Scottis * kyns withsaid, he auht him non homage, 
Now jjenkes he mak a braid, for j^at grete outrage. 
Of Marche ]?e first day at ]>e New castelle 
Our kyng l^er he lay, his purueiance so fel, 
To Scotlond for to go, to wite whi «& what wise, 
Jjer kyng & ojjer mo withsaid him his seruise. 
A ]70usand & tuo hundred, fourscore & sexten, 
On Jje Scottes has many wondred, J^at blgan his tene. 


versus A- 

Anno M* 
cc. xc*. 
* 1111°. 

biR Roberd Roos of Werk with ]>& Scottis fled, 
He set so ille his merk, ))at neuer eft he ne sped. 
fe kyng his castelle sesis, & held j^er his Pask day. 
Him & his Jjer esis, & alle |?at feste |7er lay. 
|)e Scottis did first mys, f>ei wakend alle |?at wouh, 
Tuo schippis of our Inglis, ])e folk Jjer in J^ei slouh. 
Sir Edward herd it telle, & dight him to Berwik, 
No stounde wille he duelle, bot seged it also quik. 

' Le Counte de Nichole, 
oue tote [pel of tut] son me- 
nage, Sire William de Vescy, 

chiualer pruz & sage, MSS. 
Gall. * Sic^ pro kyng. ' Sic, 

De capci- 
one Berwik 
per totum 

D 3 


273 Edwardus Rex. 

What did fan Sir Edward ? pere he had non like, 

Opon his stede bayard first he wan ]>e dike. 

In Pask weke it was, \iq Friday J^ei it wan, 

In ])e non tyme felle fiis cas, fiat slayti was ilk a man, 

}»at were in Berwik * fourti ]70usand & mo, 

Was non of }7am left quik, bot alle to dede jede JJO. 

Of ])e Inglis sanz faile bot o knyght dede I wote, 

Sir Richard of Cornwaile, a Flemmyng him smote. 

Right out of l^e rede haule schot was a quarelle, 

Fire jjei fest onii alle, & brent it ]?at it felle. 

J7e wardeyn of \e castelle sauh Jjer chance fulle hard, 

Untille mercy he felle, & ^alde him tille Edward. 

William of Duglas jalde him also tite. 

Symon Freselle jjer was, he wild haf don dispile. 

He wend haf had fulle light, Edward at his wille, 

Bot, J>anked be God alle myght, his prisoun leues he stille 

Jje erle of \q Marche Patrik, lord of next cuntre, 

He did no maner wik, jje kyng gaf him his gre. 

Sir Gilberd Umfrey vile wholom was with ]7e kyng. 

Sir Robert Brus J?at while ageyn him did no |?ing. 

(jfolde & sillier \q\ fonde, & ojjer raetalle plente. 

Now has J?e Baliol a stounde lorn issu & entre, 

& on ]>e fairest toun, ]?at was in his pouste, 

Of ricchesse it had renoun, J^at felle to a cite. 

Now is Berwik born doun, abaist is j^at cuntre, 

Jon gete j^i coroun, |7ou losis J?i dignite. 

Now dos Edward dike Berwik brode & long, 

Als jjei bad him pike, & scorned him in ]7er song. 

' '7V« only four thousand, actor ding to the French Copies. 


Edwardus Rex. ^'^3 

Pikit him, & dikit him, on scorne said he, Cpuwe. 

He pikes & dikes in length, as him likes, how best it may be, 
& Jjou has for ]?i pikyng, mykille illelikyng, jjesoj^e is to se, 
Without any lesyng, alle is }?i he]?ing, fallen opon J^e. 
For scatred er J>i Scottis, & hodred in ]7er hottes, neuer Jjei 

ne tlie. 
Right als I rede, J)ei tombled in Tiiede, fat woned bi J^e se. 

Now is fldward left Berwik forto dike, Fecit fossM 

^ ' circa Ber- 

jjc Scottis er risen eft, Inglond to bisuike. ^'^^' 

jje gadjred jjam an oste, fourti jjousand & mo, 
})at com bi an ojjer coste, ]?e Inglis forto slOf 
fiise were hede & meste, \aX led ]?at meyne, 
Rosse 8z Meneteste, Assetelle Jjise erles Jrp. 
Corbrigge is a touij, ]?e brent it whan j^ei cam, 
Tuo hous of religioun, ' Leynertofte & Hexham. 
Jiei chaced }?e chanons out, J)er godes bare away, 
& robbed alle about, ]>& bestis tok to pray. 
Whan J)ei had slayn & brent, robbed toun & feld, 
To Dunbar alle \e\ went, als j^er ynhap wild, 
\)Q * castelle sone j^ei toke, & ]?er ]?ar pauilloun 
\>e erle Patrik men schoke, it was his owen donjoun, 
Edward herd it say, fiat Dunbar w£is so taken. 
His folk was sone on away, with sege to hold J?ain waken. 
5 In alle bis ilk goyng so com be Cardinalle Pe Car- 


Fro Kaunbray to J)e kyng with ansuere of alle, 

' They commonly call it, 
Lanercost. * Le chastel ount 
pris, estendeut pauyllouns 

Al count de la Marche, estoy- 
ent les mesouns, MSS. Gall. 

D 4 & 


Edwardus Rex* 

De combu- 
stione Hex- 
ham & La- 
nertoft per 

Dp religa- 
cione Scot- 
torum apud 

& fro jje kyng of France here after salle ge here, 
})ise men raette him o chance, & com with him in fere. 
Sir Amys of Saueye, an erle of grete renoun, 
An ojjer com in his weye, Sir Otes de Grauntsoun, 
]7ise fro Cipres cam, & tille our kyng j^am sped, 
Whan Jje Sarazins Acres nam, passand away j^ei fled. 
How of l^ise ilk traytours, J^at holy kirke had schent, 
Felle misauentours, or \ei fro Dunbard went. 
In \ie raoneth of May at Berwik was Edward, 
\>e: first Tuesday com him ti]?inges hard, 
jjat ])e erics of Scotlond had reysed baner oloft, 
& brent «& slayri with hond Exham & Lanertoft, 
& Dunbar had ]7ei seised, |7at standes on \)e se. 
J?e erle Patrik was fesed, J^at tyme \>et in was he. 
Edward also quik sent J^e erle of Warenne, 
& J?e erle of Warwik, an oste did J)ara bikenne. 
A douhty erle in stours. Sir Hugh Despensere, 
Barons & vavasours, knyghtes & squiere, 
& fote folk inowe, \^i wele couth of barete, 
To Dunbar J^ei j^am drowe, \>e sege J^er to sette, 
J^ei tirede J^am to kest smertly to J^e assaute, 
|7er to Jjei were alle prest, in }»am was no defaute. 
\e Scottis J?at were with inne, \e hoped of socoure, 
\g Baliol suld j^am wynne out of J)at soioure. 
1 \ic Scottis now ]>e\ j^enk of gile & quaintise, 
How J?ei mot do a blenk tille Edward & hise. ' 
A knyght was ]?am among, Sir Richard Seward, 
Tille our faith was he long, & wilh kyng Edward. 


Edwardus Rex. 


* TiUe our men he com tite, & said, " \t Scottis wilde 
" Jjre dayes haf respite, & ]?an \e eastelie jelde* 
" To jje Baliol suld jjei send, jjer eastelie to rescue, 
" Bi J?at bot he vs mend with for 30W to reraue, 
" Jje eastelie je salle haue, without any delay. 
Ostegers je to haue our Inglis toke |?at day, 
A messengere J^ei sent, to telle alle jje ^ maners. 
To Jje Scottis he went, & said as je may here, 
f He com to Baliol Jon, & tille alle Jje oste, 
Bifor J^am euer ilkon, he spak j^ise wordes boste, 
Right as Sir Richard tauht him forto say. 
*^ \ii men er biseged hard in Dunbar with grete aye, 
" Whan }jei fro Ingland cam, Dunbar jje toke tille hold, 
" To Berwik ti]?ing nam, & tille Sir Edward told. 
*' Edward Jjider sent folk a grete partie, 
*^ Doun Sir Richard went, & spak to Jjam lufly, 
*' Many of Jjam he knewe, so fair spak & so suete. 
** For ]7re days trewe \>e Inglis him hete. 
** Whan our company wist of trewe certeyn, 
*' Tille 50W }jei bad me hie, ilka knyght & sueyn, 
** fis bod word to telle, vn to jje treus is bote, 
** I?at je ne rest ne duelle, for jit no man wote. 

venit ad 

* Cil les Tint & dist, qe 
mult treuolenter Les fra le 
chastel rendre, si il Toillent 
graunter Treis lours de re- 
spit, qil [yel ke 11] pussent 
conseyller Luy Reis de Baliol 
k lour estat maunder. Et si 
eel houre ne yeygne le sege 

remuer, Le chastel rendrount 
saunz plus par la targer. 
Hostage par taunt 1 mette, 
& fet nouncier Al hoste des 
Escotz en meme la maner, 
Com vous orrez apres, le 
fet recorder, MSS. Gall. *F. 



Edwardus Rex, 


De multi- 


torum ad 



ciiim, & de 




** To morn in J^e none tide, whan jjei ere at Jje mete,, 
*' }?icler je alle salle ride, a faire pray salle je gQie. 
** Whan jjei of \>q castelle se, J^at je com so stoute, 
*' f)at ere of wille fuUe fre, to issue on }7am oute. 
*' ]7e Inglis wille not wene, |7at je be comand now, 
** Of ])o je salle mak clene, lap fiam bituex 50W, 
** Jjat jjei neuer eft rise, to do 50W more trauaile, 
^' I knowe non ojjerwise, what way may 50W auale. 
" Armes now jow alle, jjat non him withdrawe. 
" How it may best falle, I haf 50 w said jje sawe. 
S " Whan je haf })e pris of jour enmys, non salle je saue, 
" Srayte with suerd in hand, alle Northumberland with 

right salle je haue, 
** & Inglond jit alle, for werre salle be tint for I?is drede. 
" Scotte neuer bigan vnto Inglis man to do so douhty dede, 
*' ]7er on j^at grene, })at kynrede keue, gadred als \e gayte, 
** Right, als I wenCj on som was it sene, J?er j^e bit bayte. 

J^ OR Jjis manne's sawe, }?e route of rascaile, 

Tille armes gan drawe, & dight J^am to bat^iile, 

Richard })at first gaf rede to Jjat consaile, 

He sauh )?ara rif & raf comand ilka taile. 

Also suifje he jede doun to ])e Inglis men, 

" I se an oste to spede comand bi batailes ten, 

" & jit me Y\nk j^er mo, j)at er neghand nehi. 

** If je wille I wille go, & do jjam hold o drehi. 

*' Nay," said \e Inglis men, " we trost not on Jji tunge, 

*' \q castelle we salle biken Sir Umfrey Bonn \)q jonje. 


Edwardus Rex. ^77 

^* ]?at non salle passe out, noujjer \e ne |)ou. 
}7e Inglis armed stout toward f'e Scottis drouli, 
J^er stedes broched Jjei fast, Jiat myght formast he jede. 
Jje Baliol was agast, for he stode tille no dede, 
For sojje at Jje first, in poudre as dos Jje chaf, 
Fleand fast Jjei Jurist, & fled bo]?e rif & raf . 
Was neuer non of J^am, jjat bode wik no gode, 
Bot Sir Patrik Graham a while to bataile stode. 
He was a man douhty, bot slayn he was fulle sone, 
Ten Jjousand & fjfti & four ]>qx were so done. 
Was neuer in no bataile so mykelle folk misferd. 
With so litelle trauaile, J?at man sauh ne of herd. 
5 J?e Scottis had no grace, to spede in J?er space, for to mend Couwe.; 
I^er nisse, 
}jei filed ^ex face, |?at died in ]7at place, J?e Inglis ryraed Jjis. 
*' Oure fote folk put j^am in jje polk, & nakned J^er nages, 
** Bi no way herd I neuer say of prester pages, 
•* Purses to pike, robis to rike, & in dike j^ara schonne, 
.** jjou wiffin Scotte of Abrethin, kotte is J?i honne. 

hmSE erles Jjat I of red, \a.i in jje castelle were, 
Sauh f»er folk not sped, bot slayn alle J»er here. De ruina 

Whan our men out caraen to \o J)at left jjer stille, 
jjei com out alle samen, & jald Jjam tille our wille. 
Opon j?e tojjer dai Edward ]7ider cam, 
J7e prisons of })er pray alle |?at euer ]7ei nam, 
Were brouht him bifore, |7re erles jjre barons, 
& mo be fine score kynghtes & lordes of touns, 

' L, thise. 


278 Edwardus Rex, 

}?ise wer in his wardes, & auht & tuenti mo, 
Tuo clerkes tuo Pikardes jit were among \>o. 
I To \)Q toure of London Jje |)re erles were sent, 
& Jje barons bondon also jjider went. 
Tille oj^er castels about jjei sent tueye & tueye 
In anens for doute, ilk on on his hakneye. 
In kartes ojjer were sent with anens on |?er fete, 
J)us in sorow it ent, J^er gamen turned to grete. 
|jorgh out Inglond men said of jjam schame, 
& Jjer J7ei were in bond men scorned Jjam bi name. 
Couwc. f J^e Scottis ' I telle for soltis, & wrecchis vnwar, 
Unsele dyntis to dele |7am drouh to Dnnbar. 

JM OW is tyme to telle of \)q duze pers, 
J>at in Scotlond duelle, wiUe mak j^er parti fers. 
jit held \)e kyng of France Gascoyn with outrage. 
For Jjat mischance of Blanche mariage. 
For j?at abatement he chalenges it f>orgh right, 
Edward ]?idir had sent many a hardy knyght, 
})at while l^ei were werand in Gascoyn euer ilkon, 
De cieio ]>e clcrgi of Scotland egged ber kyng Jon. 


His barons did also for \)q comon prow, 

To France suld he go J)e bisshop of S. Andrew, 

J^er nedes forto mone, to procure an aliance 

Of \)e Baliol sonne, & Charles douhfer of France. 

& if it myght, })at weys he brouht to certeynte, 

Jie Scoltis & Franceys togider suorn suld be, 

' See my Glossary to Robert of Gloucester'' s Chronicle, p. 737. 


Edwardus Rex. ^79 

Inglond to destroye fro Tuede vnto Kent. 
|je Frankis withouten noye hauen mot fjei hent 
In Tuede at jjer wille, wan ]>ei wild com or go, 
Northumberland to spille, J^e folk to robbe & slo. 
Right sone afterward ]>e stiward of Scotland 
Com to kyng Edward, & brouht vntille his hand, 
Erles & barons, bisshopes plenerly, 
Knyghtes, lordes of tounes, &alle com to his crie. 
Kyng Jon & his sonne withouten lond or rent 
Er now led to London, to bide Jjer jugement. 
Now is Scotland hole at our kynge's wille, 
& Jon ])e Baliol at London leues stille. 
Right as Merlyn spak had Edward j^e kyng 
Scotlond, als Albanack had at ]>e gynnyng. Couwe. 

f ])e Walsh & jje Irish, tille our men Inglysh, halp douhtily, 
[)at we J?e Scottis had, & to prison lad, & com tille our crie. 
Now es alle ent, & home ere Jjei went, j^e Iris & Wals, 
God gyue at ]7e parlemenl, ]?e Scottis be alle schent, & 

hanged bi ])e hals. 
Edward now jjenk, J^ei did J^e a blenk, brent Hexham. 
|je croice & ]>e rode, brent jjer it stode, or ])ei jjien nam. 
Now has J70U myght, gyf J?i dome right, }?er dede is wele sene. 
Els wille jjei eft, on ])o ])sxt er left, bigynne newe tene. 
Men may merci haue, traytour not to saue, for luf ne for 

Atteynt of traytorie, suld haf no raercie, wij? no maner lawe. 
Jon \>e Baliol, no witte was in {)i pol, whan |7ou folic 

To leue ]>e right scole, fiou did als a fole, & after wrong 



Edvsardus Uex, 

For boiite bred in ' his, whan he tynt fat he toke, alle his 

For he has ouerhipped, his tippet is tipped, his tabard is 



Hii stmt 

Jr RIUE pride in pes es hettilJe in terbere*, 

Jje rose is myghtles, I^er nettille spredis ouer fefj 

|7e Baliol so ferd with f>e du2e pers, 

His reame, as je herd, he lost jjorgh conseilerS. 

First he was a kyng, now is he * soudioure, 

& is at ojjer spendyng bonden in ]?e toure. 

Edward now he wille, ]7at Scotlond be wele gemed,- 

& streitly in skille |?orgh wise men demed, 

Jjat non slo ne brenne, ne eft ageyn him rise. 

Sir Jon of Warenne he is chef jwstise, 

Sir Henry Percy kepes Galweye, 

jjise tuo had baly of j?is londes tueytf. 

To Berwik cam \e kynge eschekere, 

3 Sir Hugh ♦of of Cressyngham he was ctancelere, 

Walter of Admundesham he was Tresorere. 

For justise with him nam, to mak j^e la we clere. 

' Lege^ ad Jidem Codicum 
Gallicorum, his boke, whan. 
*Soiorner, vel soiourner, in 
Codd. Gall. JEt Hug de 
Cressyngham iloqes est Tre- 
sorer, Et luy Amundesham 
Walter est chaunceler. Ly 
Reis pur pees norir baunk 
i fist [yel ifet] cryer, Et ju- 

stices. V. la ley a gouern^r. 
Vescountz & bayliffs sunt 
mys a ly mester. Des En- 
glays qi seuent & volent dreit 
iuger La garde est establye, 
si bon e [yel et] si enteer, 
Qe Flemyng ne Fraunceys 
des ore auera poer, &c. 
MSS.Gall, *Sic. 


Edwardus Rex. 281 

Forto norise pes, his benk he did Jjer crie. 

Shireues, balifes he ches, jjat office cou]7e guye. 

Of Inglis men trewe, J?at lufed alle Jje right, 

He mad wardeyns newe, & gaf }?am alle his myght^ 

fat Frankis no Flemmyng power suld non haue, 

Bot forto selle ]jer j^ing, merchandise to saue. 

\dX to J7e pes jjam toke, & com vnto his mercy, 

He did Jjara suere on J>e boke, to com vnto his crie. 

Homage & feaute mad him with Jjer hand, 

At his wille to be, bi se & bi land. 

\o Jiat ]7e werre bigan, & kid it so couth, 

Were taken ilk a man, & sent in to ]?e South. 
1 Oure men ere in Gascoyn, to werre on Jter enmys. 

J)e gode bisshop Antoyn jjer he bare J?e pris. 

His dedes ere to alowe, for his hardynesse. 

He did many on bo we in ]7at lond J^orgh stresse, 

His boldhede did j^am wynne, & com vnto his crie. 

Were it now to gynne, we wan it not lightly. 
f ]7ise duze pers com to jje freres, |?am for to schriue, Couw« 

Jje jugement ageyn ]?am went, to schorte j^er line. 

* Cambinhoy beres him coy, bat fende's whelp, De Cam- 


J7er with craft he has Jjam raft, it may not help. 
\q Trulle \e drenge on se, {jei lenge Jje fendes tueye, 
Jje hold J)am fer, & dar no ner, })an Orkeneye. 
Andrew is wroth, J^e wax him loth, for Jjer pride. 
He is {jam fro, now salle J)ei go, schame to betide. 

' Kambyn hoye se teent 
tut coye, ne Tolt eyder. La 
sorcerye de Albanye ne put 

valer. Andreu se dort, Sfc. 
MSS. Gall. 

Edwardus Rex, 

J)ou scabbed Scotte, \i nek Jji hotte, J7e deuelle it breke, 
It salle be hard to here Edward, ageyn ])e speke. 
He salle ])e ken, our lond to bren, & werre bigynne, 
J7ou getes no J'hig, but ]ji riuelyng, to hang jjer inne. 
\)e sete of |7e Scone is driuen ouer Done, to London led, 
A hard wele telle, ]?at bagelle & belle be filchid & fled. 

J^ OW tels Pers, on his raaners, a grete selcouth, 
He takis witnes, J^at it soth es, of Merlyn mouth. 
A wondere were, tuo watres \iex er togidir gon, 

De unione 
Scociae & 

Angiiae, ^ ^^Q kynsjdames, with tuo names, now er on. 

secundum ^ o ^ j 

'^&*B^d'" J^e ildes aboute alle salle loute vnto ^at lond, 
lingtone. Qf whllk Edward is justise hard, ]7at so Jjan bond. 

He sais he has wonen, & Jjorgh ronnen, many landes. 

Alle salle ]?ei loute tille him for doute, & dede of handes. 

He sais Scotland is in his hand for now & ay, 

At myn inwitte it is not jit alle at our fay. 

He sais, Merlyn, in his deuyn, of him has said, 

]7at ]7re regions, in his bandons, salle be laid, 

Scotland & Wales, \he er his tales, J?is lond al on 

Was Brutus wayn, & cald Bretayn, first Albion, 

I calle ]:'erto, it is no so, jjei er o sundere. 

f»at he has spoken, it is now broken, with mykelle wondere. 

A prophecie sais he salle die, & whan he is ouere, 

After )7at day Scotlond may haf gode recouere. 

ge haf wele herd, \e Brus Roberd was Scottis kyng, 

Wele tuenti gere in gode powere mayntend jjat J7ing, 

Als he it left jit wille jjei eft rise fulle austere. 

It is not alle brouht to stalle for no powere, 

L. de. jjat 

Edwardus Rex, 283 

\)Qi Pers said, me |?ink it is laid, |7e pes so trewe, 
Now ilk ^ere, bi tymes sere, Jjei gynne alle newe. 
Jhesu so raeke, I ])q biseke, oq croice })at was wonded, 
Grante me |jat bone, \>q Scottes sone alle be confonded. 

xxTTE Seynt Edmond toun ]?e Parlement was sette, De pariia- 

n- 1 n 1 1 1 • 11 1 mentoapud 

iJissnop & baroun, pc clergie alle per mette. Sanctum 

jje baronage holy j^er \>zi gan alle samen, dum, 

\)Q kyng alle }?e clergie praied |7am bi name. 

If jjei wild at J)er myght help him bi j^at weye, 

Als J7ei bifore hight in Westmynster abbeye. 

*' Of help I haf grete nede, my werre is not alle ent 

*' To wite what je me rede, I set |?is parlement. 

** J)is lond forto saue, my were to raayntene, 

*' ]>e tuelft penie to haue," ]?ei granted alle bidene, 

& of raerchandie jje seuent penie to haue 

Vnto his tresorie, jje barons vouched saue. 

' Forto gyue ansuere Roberd of Wynchelse 

Studied how he mot, were alle his primaute. 

He sent to jjc kyng tuo bisshops of renoun, 

& schewed jjat spiritualle j?ing Jjorgh pouert jede alle doun. 

Afterward he jede himself to \q kyng, Archiepi- 

& said, " Sir, God forbede, to greue jje ony Jjing. ad Regem. 

" Sir, I schewe ]?e here, for alle holy kirke, 

'* jjat no man has powere ]7er of to deme no wirke, 

" Withoute Jje pape of Rome, Gode's vicarie. 

" He salle at his dome set it lowe & hie, 

* Et luy Erceuesqe, qe te- . Caunterbire, sure respouns 
ent la primacye Du se de j estudye, MSS. Gall. 

Vol. n. E '« H« 

284 Edwardus Rex, 

"He has mad a statute, Jjat vs hard byndes, 

"Of forfeture of frute, & rent Ipat vs fyndes, 

** J)at tende ne tuende half no partie 

" Jjorgh gift to non salle lende, bot in his aiiowiie. 

" Opon f»at he gifFes a solernpne cursyng, 

" Tille J>o ])ai J»er on lifFes, without his wittyng. 

Responsio olR cleike," said Jie kyng, " hou has said folic, 


" Hote is dettc j^ing, |7er treuth has maistrie. 
*' Bot if l^e bulle vnfolden were red among vs here, 
" jour hote salle be holden, als dette in J?at manere. 
" ]7ou & alle l^in salle help me as je hight. 
*' jour hette wille I not tyne, bi Jhesu in Marie light. 
Archiepi- f '* Sir," l^e bisshop said, " fuUe gladly we wille, 


dixit. " ]7at our godes be laid jow to help at skille, 

* ' Jjorgh leue of ]>e pape, J^at has of vs powere, 

" jour clerke je l^ider rape with our raessengere. 

" Whan \>ei had schewed him alle our state & jour askyng, 

*' With his leue we salle help jow at his biddyng. 

Responsio f " Certls," Sir bisshop, " terme ne wille I sette, 

" To conseile with J^e pope for J^ing |)at j^ou me hette. 

" Bot if ]?ou wilt haf now respite in jjis cas, 

** Of jour hote conseile jow with J?e clergie ]?at j^ou has. 

*' For jour hote is dette als to me, 

" At Saynt Hillarimesse at Westmynster salle be, 

*' No leriger may I lette, me comes on ilk half werre, 

" Of ]7at jjat je me hette gyues me |7an ansuere. 

" Sir, 


Edwardus Rex, 

Sir," J^e bisshop said, " of J?is we pray J)e, 
" J)at no wikked braid of minystres l^at be, 
" Tille vs ne non of ours, ne nouht of our lay fe 
** Be taxed with non of jour's grante it per charite. 

f " Sir bisshop drede J)e nouht, ])o\\ salle no }?ing tyne, 
" Scajje salle non be wrouht jjorgh no man of myne. 
" Sir bisshop I pray J7e, & jjou alle holelyche, 
** jjat je pray for me ])orghout gour bisshopriche. 
Ilk bisshop tille his se, whan it was don |7ei went, 
For jje kyng & his meyne forto pray jjei sent. 

f Jjider to Saynt Edmoun com ])e tresorere, 
Walter of Langtoun, J)at had bien messengere 
With jje Cardinalle forto enforme ]>e pes. 
Noujjer of som no alle, ne wist what ])e\ ches, 
Bot J7o J>at were priue, o]>ex myght not wifen, 
Tille ray maister no me was not told no writen. 

5 jit com afterward of>er messengers 
Tille our kyng Edward, with luf & faire maners, 
J)at contek suld not skip eft, J^orgh no treson, 
Bituex him & Filip for \e. lond of Gascon. 
\>e cardinalle was wys, ordeynd how it suld be : 
j)e kyng at his auys sent messengers Jjre, 
Sir Waltere of Langton, Sir Hugh Despensere, 
Jon of Berwik was boun j^e jjrid messengere. 
j?ise wist \e certeyn of alle j^e kynge's wille, 
God bring jjam wele ageyn, & saue f^am fro ille. 

i Of \)c barons of Scotland at J?e parlement 
Were non had jit in hand, no gyuen jugeraent. 




rius venit. 



286 Edwardus Rex. 

]>o J)at ]7orgh right dede were worj^i, 
& atteynt, \oxg\\ ]ie kyng did |7am merci. 
With Wales did he so, «& j^ei were iieuer trewe, 
Whan he had most to do, Jjei mad hira sorow newe. 
De parlia- ? ]>Q day of Saynt Hillari )7e kyng set jjam bituen, 
London!^" At Londoii ccvteynli his parlement io haf bieri. 
Was brouht him |?is i\\>{ng comen fro Kaunbray, 
Of pes to speke no J'ing, bot werre fro day to day. 
Where for J7e kyng wille fonde, forto purueie him 
Trewe men bi water & londe, for doute of treson grim. 
He sent his day to hold of parlement Jjat he sette, 
Jjo certeyn wite he wold, what Jje clergi hira hette. 
Responsio ' I'^ blssliop of Canterbire fulle bold his ansuere was, 
rJopi ad" Fo** ^1^"* & alle his schire he vouwed to S. Thomas, 
Kegem. a ^^^ ^^ kirke of hise tallage suld non gyue, 

** Ne do to non seruise, tovvhile Jjat he mot lyne, 
" Witliout j^e pape's leue, jjat has of vs powere. 
Tille his partie gan cheue \e bisshop Oliuere, 
He turned not forbi for leue nc for loth, 
jje kyng vnto J^e clergi was ]?erfor fulle wroth, 
Rex dixit. ^ ^^^^ ^^^*'* ^^^^ ^'^'^' *'* <5^spite he suld hira do. 
Archiepi- ^^ bisshop Said fer tille, '< I am redi Jjerto. 
SCOPUS^ " Nay, Sir,'* said ]>e kyng, « Jjou ert not so worf*!, 

*' Ne I wille for no Jjing be so fole hardi. 
Tille \io was lie so hard out his pes did J?am deme, 
Bot sone afterward som gan him qucme. 
Som of \e bisshops said, " l^at help behoued him hauc, 
'* At skille J?ei wild be laid, his right forto saue. 

Edwardus Rex. 287 

" & holy kirke defende, saue it & vs fro schame. 
J^e bisshop of jork so kende, & wild do }7at same, 
He granted for to gyue ]je fifte penie to ])e kyng, 
In his werre wele to lyue, & saue J^er o}?er ]>ing, 

XN alle ])k grete gram of .|)e clergi & ])e kyng, Venerunt 

Of Flandres be erle William sent him a tibins:, mitis Fian- 

driafi ad 

jjorgh his conseilers & sauhtillyng wild he schewe, Regem. 

With Jjre lordes pers of Blankmonte & of ' Kewe, 

]>e ])rid messengere a lord of grete honoure, 

J^at was }je tresorere of Flandres resceyuoqre. 

Of Hanaud ]>e erle first bigan, & alle his Henners, 

]>e duke Jon of Braban with ]?e Holanders, 

})ise praied ])e erle William, for ]?er aller sake, 

^at Jjei tille Edward nam ]>e aliance to ma^e. 

)?ise sent j^is men & said, " J?at ])er conseile so ches, 

*' J?ei wild tille ys be laid, in gode lufe & pes, 

*' ))at our merchantz mot go forto bie & selle, 

** With luf withouten wo, & at gour h^uens duelle. 

** If he wild ageyn France r,eise werre & baners, 

*' ])e Flemmynges wild J^at chance to be his souders, 

" Ageyn kyng Philip & hi? duze pers, 

»* ]7at with wrong wild skip, & reue him J^o raaners, 

*' ]7at ]?e kyng * Arthu gaf Sir Beduers, 

" In Gascoyn alle ]?oru to his botlers, 

" ])e whilk kyng Henry, & now his sonne Edward, 

*' His ancestres holy haf had it afterward. 

• Ken Codd. Gall. * Pro, Arthur. 

E 3 « |)ise 

288 Edwardus Rex, 

]7ise tekl to Jje kyng alle })er lorde's wille, 

& for Jjis tijjing leue jit Jjc prisons stille. 
f For jiise ilk chances, ))at I haf of tolde, 

Was no deliuerance of jje Scottis bolde. 

Nouj^er ' as Saleberi, no at Saynt Edmunde*s touHj 

Was non jit at \iq wiri, ne jolden for raunsoun. 

Of many foule mischeue com him tij^ing jjikke, 

Bot on jjer was oure greue, & jjat him Jjouh most wikke. 
f Jie ti))ing is so nowe, his courte it dos to blaken, 

be soth ilk on j^ei knew> Sir Jon of Saynt Jon is taken. 

He kept his castels, his vitaile, his mone, 

Undere ]>& kyng scales, Jje chance listnes me. 
De cap. 5 ]?e Wednesday next at euen befor Kandilmesse 
mini Jo- A spie did Sir Jon leue, ]7at Frankis oste non was. 

hiinnis de , ii-iii 

Sancto Jo- Namely in pat pas, pat he suld lede pam bi, 

hanne apud i i t i i 

Beigaide. He lied pat Judas, ten pousand were redi. 

Sir Jon mad him prest, he trost [jat losengere, 

His bataile was formest, displaied his banere, 

& passed alle \e pas, ]7at j^ei alle so dred, 

Biside enbussed was fiften hundred sped. 

In foure grete escheles alle to batail sette, 

])e first he disconfet wele, jje tojjer with him so mette. 

Sir Jon fulle hardely to fight did his peyn, 

& bad Sir Henry Lacy, j^at he suld turne ageyn, 

" )7is oste is grete biforn, I rede jjat je fle. 

|jer vitaile was alle lorn, herneis & ]>cr mone. 

Sir James of Beauchamp wonded, & may not stand. 

In a water stampe he was dronkled fleand. 

• Pro, at. 


Edwardus Rex, 

Sir Jon J7orgh J^am brast, bifore je herd me neuen, 
Was taken at J^e last & his knyghtes elleuen, 
& of his squierie gentille men auhtene. 
\)et pride & J?er folic, I trowe, on ]?ani was sene. 

XjOSTE & deignouse pride & ille aviseraent 

Mishapnes oftentide, & dos many be schent. 

Jje proude kyng Pharaon, J^at chaced Israel, 

Dronkeld euerilkon, & Code's folk went wel. 

Sodom & Gomor fulle vile synne Jiat stank, 

Bo|7e for euer more doun tille helle Jjei sank. 

Dauid jjat simple was, slouh he grete Golie, 

Jacob Sonne Judas solde Josep for envie. 

Lucius Jje emperour was slayn for couetise, 

Arthur had dishonour for wronges many wise. 

Modred a fole aperte was slayn licherie, 

Cadwaldre for pouerte fled fro Bretanie. 

Harald ]7is lond les, for he was forsuoren, 

Leulyn brak ])e pes, his hede he lost J^erforn. 

Alias ! non with o]?er chastised jit wille be, 

Edward do turne J?e ro|?er, & fare ouer j^e se, 

& socoure ]io J)at are jit in Gascoyn left, 

Ne late J^ara not misfare, ne ]>qx powere be reft. 

' Saynt Thomas salle be ]7i help & Jji socoure, 

St. Jon of Beuerle, Cutbert ]>q confessoure. 

Bot jjou haf help of God ]?orgh praiere of som Saynt, 

I telle not worj^e a cod, for alle j^i faire is faynt. 

quibus gra- 
tia extin- 

' Et Thomas de Kent, e 
Jou de Beuerlye, Et Cuth- 

bert de Dureme te vendrount 
en -aye. MSS. Gall, 

E 4 Oa 


Edwardus Rex, 

On \o l^at God lufes lest mishappenyng salle falle, 
J?at kepe not his bihest, \q\ ere vngraciouse alle, 
Machabae- 5 It sais in a storie, J)e bible may not lie, 


}7at * God God gaf |7e maistrie to ]?e childre of Mathatie. 
\ie bible sais bot seuen jje were, & no rao, 
Scuen thousand euen ageyn alle durst ]7ei go. 
\l'v wer stedfast & traist, lufed God & held his lawe, 
Fplie wild ]7ei no fraist, ne to no falshede drawe. 
God lufed ]7am & ]?ei him, he halp ]?am at )7er nede, 
Ensample I rede je nym, jjat je may so wele spede, 
f |?e date was a J^ousand Jre hundred alle bot |?re, 
Edward tok on hand Flandres forto se. 

De parlta- 


j^FTER * \e haly Jjorsday \q kyng sent his sond. 
Messengers of way, for barons of j^e lond. 
For bisshopcs ]7at \e\ ker^de, & ojjer |7at jjei found, 
l^at ilk jere mot dispende of londcs tuenty pound, 
Suld com j?er he was, & with him mak \ex frette, 
Or with his body pas tille Gascoyn als he sette. 
•i ]>e barons & of hise said, '* ]7ei suld not so, 
** Suilk a new seruise to reise ne to do, 
** For our state it apeires, without any rcson, 
*' & tille alle our heires gretc disheriteson. 

' Apres la seinte feste del 
Assensioun, Maunda ly Reis 
[yel, le Roy] Edward par my 
sa regioun, Aerceuesqe, [vely 
l^erctucskj euesqe, count & 
a laaroun Et a touz luy al. 
tie, que ount pur garysoun 

yint liuere de tare en posses- 
sioun, Venir a sa court, a fere 
redenipciouii, Ou passer oue 
sou cors, sur ly P'raunceis 
feloun, Ke atort luy defor- 
cent la tere de Gascoun, MSS. 
Galh * Sic, 


Edwardus Rex* 


jje barons were alle in ire, & spak for )>at tirpeile, 
])e bisshop of Canterbire }?ei praied him of conseile. 
Jje bisshop knewe jje right, ])e wille of hojpe what ment, 
Ak holy kirke's knyght, he com to }?e parleraent. 

X HE ' kyngspak for his prow, whan |?ei were allesette, 
" I am castelle for 50W, toure, hous, & rescette, 
*' ^ 5® 3^^s naked berd loken in pauilloun, 
*• })at to fight is ferd, or jate j^at first is doun. 
*' My lond of Gascoyn is lorn ])orgh tresons, 
^ I may not cast essoyn, bot felow my somons. 
" I haf mad a vowe to leue for wele ne wo, 
'' At my nede now with me behoues 50W go. 
** Salle non finde encheson Jjorgh quaintise to say, 
" Bot |7at je be alle boun with me to wende ]7at way. 
f J)en ansuerd Sir Roberd, bisshop of Canterbire, 
** Sir, ert J)ou not ferd of wreche of Code's ire, 
" Jiat J70U wilt werre bigynne, without amendment, 
" Ageyn God don sjnne, ageyn holy kirke has went ? 
" I rede Ipou mak araendes of ]?at grete misdede. 
*' Praye God jjat alle defendes als holy kirke wille rede, 
** & bot J)ou do, Sir kyng, as I conseile jje, 
" I salle mak cursyng on alle J)at passe with J^e. 

scopi Canr 

* Luy Reis lors les parle, 
& dist en son scrmoun, I eo 
5u chastel pur yous, & mur 
& mesoun, £t yous la bar- 

becane, & porte & pauyllioun. 
Ma tere de Gascoygne est 
pardue par tresoun, S(c. MSS, 


292 Edwardus Rex, 

Dixit CO- jflLFTER Jje ersbisshop \)e erle Marschalle Rogerc 

mes Mar- 
schalle. Bifor J7e kyng ros vp, & spak tille him austere, 

*' Of |?is we ask respite, oure conseile to take, 

" No]7eIes also tite I say for J^e coraon sake. 

He said for jje barons, J^at nori of Jjcr homage 

Suld passe for somons, bot at ])e kynge's costage ; 

Ne non of \)ex powere to passe ]?e se suld grante, 

Without conseile of pere & costage in conante. 

Rex. H ]?e kyng his wordes toke wraj^efully tille herte, 

For ire nere he quoke, & ansuerd him fuUe smcrte. 

*' Sir Erie, I comand \>ey J^at ]?ou be |?e ton, 

*' For jjou salle wende with me, whedere Jjou wille or non, 

*' Or J)in office for go of J^e marschalcie, 

*' Respite I gyue no mo, but mak alle redie. 

Comes. ' f*^ * ^^^^i '* wend I nouht so sone myn office lete, 

" I haf not jit so wrouht, to haf maugre \e grete. 
Out of \>e courte he went, duellid he no while, 
J^e kyng for on sent, Sir Geffrey Geneuile, 
& of jje marschalcie presented him ]?e jerde, 
* Bad arme him priuelie, & priues alle herde 
Now tille armes ]>ai may, als ])ei suld lyue or deie, 
}jei hoped \q to]7er day J^e barons resteie. 
J)e erle wist it sone, in him was no defaute, 
l^e barons were alle bone, to mak \e kyng assaute. 

i,pi>(op<is f Right als be parties togider suld haf smyten, 

Diinelini ^ j » n j i 

Ant(Miius. Sir Antoyn was wys, he did ]^e kyng to witen. 

* Subintellige^ said, vel, 
answer'd. * Et sur ceo co- 
maiinde ses priuez gentz ar- 

mer, Et bye lendemayne 
les barouns arester, ^c- MSS. 


Edwardus Rex. 


What perille salle betide, if |)ei & his barons 
■ & werre togidere ride, als enmys felons. 
To \e barons he jede, & praied |?am to bowe, 
*' \>Q kyng to 50W has nede, help him if je mowe. 
*' If him com any sca]je tinselle of seignorie, 
Tille 50W it wille be wa}je, leues alle jjis folic. 

X HE barons at Jje last tille Antoyn gaf ansuere, 
Of |)ing jjat J?ei wild ask bad him \e copie here, 
8(0 said to Saynt Alban's, jjider wild ])c\ com, 
To parleraent alle at ans, & stand to right dome. 
If he & his conseile to jjam wild him meke, 
\>e wild him auaile, & do }jat he wild biseke. 
Sir Antoyn turned ageyn, & schewed him Jjcr assent, 
If he wild hold eerteyn Jje day of parlement. 
J)e kyng wild not j^ider, ouer Jje se wild he fare, 
To wite where & whidere ]ie ferd his frendes )jare. 
Withouten rede of mo in schip to Flandres went, 
Non erle M'ild with him go, for baron non he sent. 
His folie was f»e more, fjar he non with him toke, 
Suilk tiding sauh he jjore, fulle fayn fro Brigges schoke. 

J3I OW is Edward ariued in Flandres, bot with fo. 
With his barons he striued, with him wild non go. 
A kyng jjat striues with hise, he may not wele spede, 
Whore so he restis or riues he lyues ay in drede. 
His vitaile he has purueid in Brigges forto be. 
His wynes were |7er leid, & warnised |?at cite. 


Rex traniy 
fretavit in 

F. in werre. 



294^ Edwardus Rex, 

God }7at wote alle }>ing, what is don or wlii, 
He saue Edward our kyng ]?ore ]?orgh his merci. 
adicio I Bituex ])Q kyng of France & \>e erle William 


tn. W as pat tyme a distance, a wrath bituex pam nam. 

Jjeprouest of j^e toun, a wik traytour & cherle, 
He Jjouht to do tresoun vnto his lord ]7e erle. 
To Philip priuely a letter did he make, 
If he had oste redy, Brigges mot he take. 
Com what tyme he wild, J^e toun suld he wynne, 
}pe comon he suld him jeld, & Edward j^erinne. 
Edward mot he haue, if he wild him rape, 
J?e toun he suld so saue, })at he suld not ascape. 
Of j^is whan Philip herd, oste he did sone jare, 
j?at tyme ]?at he forth ferd, he herd not of his fare. 
t ])e preuest with ]?e burgeis Jjat day to conseile gede, 
Edward herd it say of gilerie, as som drede. 
& o|7er were perceyued, )7at j^er jede disceite, 
Bot git was it not reyued, so Edward j^ouht him streite. 
A child of |?at land, J^at knew not Sir Edward, 
Edward sauh him stand, ' ]7e Flem" jje Flemmynges to 

Fast he gan behald ])e samenyng of Flemmynges. 
Edward child cald, & asked him ti})inges. 
*' Sonne; what hers ])o\\ say of burgeis of cite? 
He said, " Sir grete aye, J^at j^e Inglis here in be, 
*' & for J^e Inglis sake tille it wille falle hard. 
^' For ])e Frankes hope take ]?e toim & Sir Edward. 
Sir Edward also sone |?er gile gan he knowe, 
Dight him to bataile bone, his trumpes did he blowe. 

i ' ; ' Dele. Je 

Edwardus Rex, 295 

\e Fleramynges vndirstode, \e kyng warned was, 

Jje cheynes & gates gode jjei sperd, }?at non mot pas. 

|?e Walsch without \>q toun euerilkon J^ei lay, 

}jat was Jje enchesoun for fight & for affray. 

Whan \>e\ ]7e trampes herd, ]7at he to bataile blewe, fut^Rex 

& saw ]>e gates sperd, j^an gamened jjam no glewe. Uas.^**^'' 

Ouh ! for Saynt Dauy ! \>e Flemmyng wille him gile, 

Jje kest alle suilk a crie, |7at men mot here a myle. 

Fire & brondes J)ei nam in houses of |)er gatis, 

& ouer ]?e water suam, & set fire on Jje jatis. 

Maugre \ie Flemmynges on }?am J>e gatis ])ei brent, 

Cheynes J>ei hew & rynges, & tille Sir Edward went, 

& fond him alle redy armed on his stede. 

Was no cheyne so hie, |?at he ne sprong ouer als gledc, 

& comandid ilk man, to schip sui]?e to go, 

Jjorgh jje Fleramynges he ran, & many on did slo. 

His stede was blak as rauen, J?ei kald his name Feraunt, 

He rode vnto j^e hauen, & said he wild to Gaunt. 

Unnejjis fro ))at felons ascaped he }7at wo. 

If he had had his barons, he had not gyuen of \io, 

\>e kyng of Almayn had hight him his help, 

He mad a fals trayn, of him is not a gelp. 

He sent Edward to say, help him mot he nouht, 

Werrand on ilk a way his enmys on him souht. 

Alias ! fat a kyng es fals ageyn his pere ! 

Edward dred him no jjing, bot was ay glad of chere. 


S96 Edwardus Rex, 

An erie jjer was of Bare, he werred fast on France, 
])e Walsh with him war ^ere, forto do mischance. 
]>ei markettis & J?er faires & ]7er castels reft, 
Now alle j^e cuntre peires, vnnej?is ouht jjei left. 
Philip on his partie did \)q erle grete tene, 
Alle ])at he mot com bie, he robbed alle bidene. 
J)e bisshop of Durhem trauailed day & nyght, 
Of strife to felle j^e stem, ])e pes to mak alle right. 
Bot Philip was ay hard, his ansuer eucr so light. 
His wist J?at Edward had bot litelle myght. 
Has he had his erles, his barons with him lad, 
Of alle ])Q Frankis cherles ]>e maistrie suld he haf had. 
5 A man ]?at beris him stoute, whan }?at he suld bowe, 
In chance if ]?at he loute, he findes foos inowe. 
Listnes now |7is pas, why ]7at I \ws said. 
In wham defaut was Jjat l^ertille may be laid. 

Exempiuui (jfESTES bat er olde writen of many man, 
J)ritti reames men tolde, }>at kyng Arthur wan. 
He parted his wynnyng tille his men largely, 
]7at noujjer erle ne kyng wille withsitte his cry. 
Jjei were at his wille, were he neuer so hie, 
Bojje of gode & ille at alle his nede redie, 
5 Oure kyng Sir Edward ouer litille he gaf, 
Tille his barons was hard, ouerhipped J?am ouerhaf. 
He wild not be so hende, so large, no so fre, 
}?erfor j?ei lete him wende alon ouere jje se. 
]?orgh )7at wendyng alon, nere he had bien schent, 
It was to mak of mone, |?at non erle with him went. 

I jjorgh 

Edwardus Rex. 

f J?orgL tijjing brouht bi tide j?e Scottis wist of }>is, 
Ilk Scotte on his side mad jjerof joy & blis. 
Jje rascail of J?er route bigan to werre alle newe, 
Now Edward is oute, f»e barons be not trewe. 
jje suffred, as it sais, |7e Scottis eft to rise, 
& William fe Walais J^er hede «& }?er justise. 
Jjorgli fals concelement William did his wille, 
Our castels has he brent, our men slayn fulle ille. 

f Sir Hugh of Crissengham he did nycely & mys, 
Jje tresore with him he nam, sperd it in his coffris, 
& wild gif no wages to jje folk ]>ex ware, 
J)erfor joraen & pages home gan alle fare. 

5 Whan Sir Jon of Warenne J^e soth vnderstode, 
J7at jje Waleis gan brenne, an oste he gadred gode, 
& went to Striuelyne agayn Waleis William, 
Bot jjeerle with mykelle pyne disconfite away nam. 
& jjat was his folie, so long in his bed gan ligge, 
Untille \e Waleis partie had vnibilaid ])e brigge. 
With gauelokes & dartes suilk ore was non sene, 
Myght no man |jam departe, ne ride ne go bituene. 
jjore first ]7am tauht, how j^ei did fawe kirke. 
Alle gate Jje brigge he rauht, of iiouht our men were irke. 

5 Whan jje erle herd say, ]?e brigge how William toke. 
He douted to die )7at day, }jat bataile he forsoke. 
J)e Inglis were alle slayn, JTe Scottis bare }?ara wele, 
Jje Waleis had Jje wayn, als maistere of |?at eschele. 
At ]?at ilk stoure was slayn on our side 
God men of honour, Jjat wald to J^e bataile bide. 

De Hugone 



De Striue- 
lyn & de 
Johanne de 


Edwardus llex\ 

Sir Roberd of Soraervile, & his eldest sonne, 

He held |7e stoure a while, lor dede ne wild he schonne, 

& knyghtes & sergeantz, noble men fulle couth, 

Of prowes fulle valiaiitz, bojje bi North & South. 

Demorte 5 «;if Hugh of Cressynghatn in armes nouht ne deih, 

brio Hugo- 
nis de Cres- 


De probi- 
tate Mar- 
meduk de 

For ridjng lauht he skani, out of his sadelle he fleih. 
His stede ouer h'un ran, he lay vnder his fete, 
jjat sauh ])e Scottis man, & J^er of wele he lete. 
He & oJ7er inowe, j^at Sir Hugh wele knewe, 
I wene f'ei quik him * fioub, & his lymmes to hewe. 
5 Sir Marmeduk of Thuenge in j^e fclde bare ]>e flour, 
With ])e Scottis gan he menge, & stifly stode in stoure* 
Fightand he couerd alle weys ])e castelle of Striuelyn, 
Maugre j^e Waleys, Sir Marmeduk went in. 

runt nun- 
ciuin ultra 
mare in 
q. explora- 

jCxFTER * jjis bataile, jje Scottis sent ouer ])e se 
A boye of ]>er rascaile, quayut & doguise. 
To Flandres bad him fare, ]>orgh burgh & cite, 
Of Edward whore he ware bring j^am certeynte. 
& whan he com ageyn, he tcld j)am }?is tijjing, 
|?at sothly & certeyn dede was Edward j^e kyng. 
& to )?at stede he ferd, )7er he was laid in graue, 
J^e Scottis whan j^ei it herd, more joye ne bad Jjei haue. 
1 To werre fan ros |?ei eft, tilie God j^ei mad a vowe, 
}»atno l^ing suldbe left, J)at myght to Inglond prowe, 
Mercy suld non haue, tille alle {)ei suld do wo, 
Kirke suld no man saue, bot brenne j^er in & slo. 

* Proj slouh. » Mainte- 
naunt apres ad luy Escot 
maundez De la la mere en 

Flaundres vn ribaud deguy- 
sez, Espier sire Edward en 
viles & cytez, <^c. MSS. Gall. 

Edwardus Rex, 299 

In Northumberland jjer first Jjei bigan, 

& alle ]7at com lille hand, j^ei slouh & ouer ran 

To Flandres tille Edward tijjinges men him sent, 

|)at Scdttis com in hard, ]>e North is nere alle brent, 

& more salle jit be lorn, bot if we haf socoure. 

Nouht ststndes Jjam biforn, toun, castelle, ne toure. 

\)e kyng for Jjo ti})ingcs was noyed greuoslie, 

To conseil j^e lordynges he cald jjat wer him bi. 

Whan bei had alle cast ber conseil vp & doun, De onr(a 

'^ , '^ *^ liberUiis. 

pe kyng was at ])e last avised on JjIs reson, 

}jat nede behoued him grante to clerke & baroun, 

& hold |?am j^e conante of ilk peticioun. 

Bi letter he Jjam sent, & grantid ])er askyng, 

Alle ]?at reson ment of ilk raaner ]>ing. 

Bi letter & bi mouth he praied ))am of socoure, 

& jjat he rayght & couth, jjat wer to ]?er honoure. 

He granted at ]>er wille, if ]>ei wild socoure him, 

Ageyn ])e Scottis ille, })at bcre j^am now so brim, 

X HE bisshop of Canterbire jjerof payed was he, 
For him and alle his schire Jjis gift gaf fulle fre, 
To saue ]?e pape statute, j^at J?em bihoued defende, 
Of holy kirke's frute he gaf J^e kyng ]>e tende, 
Gadred with clerkis hand, & kept to ]7at viage, 
Wendand to Scotland, biteched it fte baronage, 
Jje lond forto saue, & holy kirke's dignite, 
jjjs grantid he ]?am to haue Roberd of Wynchelse. 
}?e clergie of \)e North ]>e fifte peny suld gyue, 
Whan ])e barons ferd forth, in pes fat })ei mot lyue, 

Vol.11. F 4c 

300 Edxstardus Rex, 

& grantid j^am self, at J^e first gynnyng. 
Whan I^e kyng asked half of alle Iper moble J^ing. 
Now er at on assent ]>e barons & j^e clerkis, 
Jje Scottis hold jjam schent, of J)er conseil now herkis 
De consiiio 1 ])e Scoltis vnderstode, f'at holy ])e clergie 
CO orum. ^^^^ ^^^^ -^^ ^-^g g^jg^ ^q help ])e kjngc's partie, 

& J)e barons also in luf with him wild dele, 
For he had grantid jjer to ]>e Chartre forto sele, 
& after })at^selyng alle suld pei come 
jje barons & ]>e kyng, & tak of Jjam hard dome 
What did ]>e Scottis fio, bot ]7is conseil J^ei ches ? 
To Striuelyn suld j^ei go, in manere of pes. 
Sir Marmeduk biseke, his wrath forto asuage, 
& to ]>a.m mak him meke, for luf & for ostage. 
Jjei ' suore ])er Cristendam, if }>at he wild com oute, 
Withoutei;! any gram tille ]>ei wild loute, 
Bo|)e loude & stille, in nesch & in hard, 
& to pes with gode wille jeld J?am tille Edward. 
Sir Marmeduk out cam, he trosted on J)er fayth. 
To him ,& bis J^ei nam, & smertly did j^am grayth 
Toward * Dun Bretayn, & him in prison J^er sperd. 
His frendes were vnfayn, for non wist how he ferd. 
jjei did J)at treson, if J^am felle any chance, 
For him Jjei mot eftson of Jjers make deliuerance. 
Disputacio f ]?e clergie of ]?e South mad a disputesoun, 

& openly with mouth assigned gode resoun, 

' Et en lour baptesme 
promistrent & ioraint, Si 
hors volsift [yel vousint] ve- 

nir, de pees ly parleraynt, SfC. 
MSS. Gall. *Dunbretayn, 
re^Dunbrettayn, MSS. Gall. 


Edwardits Rex, 


)?at scajje ne mot bifalle, ne forto wratli \e pape, 
Bot for him «& vs alle myght it better schape. 
f In alle f»is spekyng com ]>e tresorere 
Fro Edward our kyng, to schewe j^e chartere here. 
' He spak vnto |?e clergie, " je barons J)at here be, 
** |?e kyng fulle curteislie gretis jow wele bi me, 
** & sais, }?at he wille Inglond alle ese, 
*' & j^atje ask in skille jour hertes forto pese, 
" Jje chartre of franchise conferra it jow he salle, 
*' & of jje first assise as his fader gaf it alle. 
j?e Chartre was red on hi, in Westmynstere & schewed, 
Ilk poynt bi & bi, to lerid & io lewed. 
J7e bisshop of Canterbire in comon alle o liche 
Schewed it in ilk schire, alle his bisshop riche. 
Whan |?ei }?e Chartre in alle had schewed day bi day, 
Sir Roger ]?e erle Marschalle, of Herford J)e erle Umfray, 
At jork }>ei tok on hand, ])ex parlement to sette, 
|?e hie folk of jje land, J7er alle togidere mette. 
jje erle Jon of Surray com with grete powere. 
Of Gloucestre stoute & gay Sir Rauf \e Mohermere, 
• & his wif dame Jone, whilom Gilberde's of Clare, 
J70 banerettis ilkone fro Doner to Durham ware. 

Ecce The- 



' Gil vers la clergye co. 
menca parler, Et a les ba- 
rouns issi [yel ency] nouncier, 
A nous li Reis tos sires bee 
de gentyl qoer De sa sey. 
gnorye, tut Engleterre eyser, 
La chartre des fraunchises 
Tous volt confermer, De la 
fyreste le assise [yel lassise] 

amender, Cum jadis puraist 
le Rey Henry son peer. La 
chartre fu monstre & leu a 
Wemonster, S^c. MSS. GalL 
' Oue Jone la Countesse sa 
lige mulier, Et trestouz ly 
altre, qe portent baner, De 
Douer a Dureme i venent 
volenter, Sfc. MSS. Gall. 
F 2 At 

30^ Edwardus Rex. 

At I?e kirke of Saynt Petir j^e day of Saynt Agnes, 

\)Q bisshop on his mitere of Carlele it says. 

He stode vp in pulpite, J)e office forto do, 

jjer Chartre he red it bituex J^e erles tuo, 

& cursed alle ]7o, Jjat ^e Chartre brak, 

Or stroied or did ouht fro ony poynt J^er in spak. 

After jjis sentence gyuen, tille armes alle j^at myght, 

Was it no lenger dryuen, to Scotlond alle fiara dight. 

In alle Northumberland, j^er ]>e Waleis had bene, 

Alle was in Jjc kynge's hand, \iq Scoltis wer non sene* 

In alle l^is nesch & hard, euer lasted J?e distance 

Bituex kyng Edward, & J?e kyng of France, 

Bot it was delaied tille a day certeyn 

Of right dome set & saied, how pes mot be plcyn, 

Jjei conscntid bo|7e, Jjorgh eonseil of jje pape. 

To pese j^am tuo wroj^e, with sight he wild schape. 

Jjorgh mariages was hopyiig of J>e pes, 

fat were certeyn stages, jjat bo))e parties ches. 

|)e kyng on suld haue, a may was in spekyng, 

Tille his Sonne suld men saue, Philip doubter ^ing; 

Rex misit J^|yf ^lle bis ordenance our kyn£: sent messensjcra 

nuncios ad ' o o 

Romam. J)at ' kcwc j?e greuance, wyse men barons pers. 

Unto |?e courte of Rome, j^e pape to schew \dX cas. 
How wondere chances come, & who did most trespas, 
Of Inglis & Frankis who was most culpable, 
In \)e pape leues alle ]?is, to mak mende & mak alle stable. 

' Proy knewe. 

5 To 

Edteardus Rex, 


1 To while pape Boniface duellid opon J)is, 
To gyue dome f^orgh grace, to mende boj^e ])er mys, 
j?e kyng tok his consaile, & home to Ingland went. 
Gode wynde in his saile Jhesu Criste him lent. 
j?e cries of Scotlond |?at atteynt wer of treson, 
J7e kyng him self willand, deliuerd Jjam fro prison. 
}>ise wer of jjer gest, as I kan names fynde, 
J7e erle of Menetest was of Edward kyn^e, 
Jje erle of Ascetelle, Sir Jon {?e Corayn, 
Badenauh sonne I telle, & Jjretty of j?er couyn, 
Alle })ise & wele rao atteynt of traytorie, 
Jje kyng lete J?am go of \\h curteisie, 
Withouten siluere or golde, or any ojjer treuage, 
Jjer penance was, Jjei suld go in pilgrimage. 

f Here of }?is wikked hals, |7at our kyng gaf leue, 
To France \>ei jede ]io fals, to Philip wild }jei cheiie, 
Bisouht him of soconre & auancement, 
To maynten J»am in stoure, j^ei mad * hir }jer present, 
Scotlond of him to hold euer withouten ende, 
If he in luf wold as lord vnto Jjam lende. 

llediit in 
& incarce- 
ratis Scottis 
dedit licen- 
ciani & li- 


JL HILIP gaf respons, & bad Jjam go Jjer way, 

" je ere foles Bretons, disceit is }?at je say. 

" jje pape me (defendes with bulle J?at bindis hard, 

^* To renne on jjo landes, Jjat longes tille Edward, 

" To whils j^at oure trewe duellis on jugement, 

** For me salle neuer be newe no fals corapassement. 

* There is a little stroke over the i in the MS. which shews 
that hira is to be read, 

F 3 Con- 

Ecce de 


304 Edwardus Rex. 

Confused \e\ went away ]?at fals companie, 

Jjei failed of ])ex pray, to hauen gan J^ei hie, 

& hired J^am a schip, gaf siluere largelie, 

To Scotlond gan ]7ei skip, jje wynde was J^am redie. 

HjiDWARD vnderstode, Jjorgh oft heryng say, 
How jje fals blode compassed tene & tray. 1 

He mad his pilgrimage to Saynt Thomas of Kent, 
Silken North on his viage to Beuerley he went, 
' Peri^rina- Bifor Saynt Jon he woke a nyght or he j^ien nam, 

tus est Rex. 

To jork ]>e gate he toke, & souht Saynt William. 
Saynt Cutbert he souht, to help him at his nede, 
Sijjen he died him riouht, Northward als he jede. 
Northward in his weie he held his parleraent, 
To speke & to purueie to be of on assent. 
To Scotlond forto go, to take vengement 
Of })am his folk did slo, destroied his tenement, 
& how \e\. were alle lorn, jjat com to jjat couent. 
For ]7ei were forsuorn, vengeance on J^ara went. 
M». cc". \>Q date was a ]?ousand, Jjre hundred alle bot one, 


Beiium At Foukirke in Scotlond, Scottis escapid none. 

apod Fau- 

wN \e Maudeleyn day, a litelle bifor Lararaesse,, 
Of Scotlond & Galway com mykelle folk alle fresse, 
Of \q Marche & ]iq ildes, a sperc J^ei suld bring, 
Jjei com ]ie lond to schilde, to Faukirke in J^e mornyng. 
Our Inglis men & j^ci |7cr togidere mette, 
|7er formast conrcy, ]>qx bakkis togidere sette, 

'Sic. \Sic. 


Edwardus Rex» 305 

J7er speres poynt ouer poynt, so skre & so ]?ikke, 

& fast togidere joynt, to se it was ferlike. 

Als a castelle J?ei stode, J^at were -walled with stone, 

Jjei wende no man of blode, ]7orgh jjara suld haf gone. 

Jjer folk was so mykelle, so stal worth «& so clene, 

Jjer foyntes forward prikelle, nonhut wild jjei wene. 

J^at if alle Inglond fro Berwik vnto Kent, Ad Fau- 

\>Q folk J^erin men fond had bien J'ider sent, 

Stength siild non haf had, to perte jjam j^orgh oute, 

So wer j^ei set sad with poyntes rounde abou<e. 

J)e kyng sauh J^am comand so sadly in \ie raede, 

His folk he did with stand, & dight j^ara alle to dcde, 

SiJ^en he to |7am said, " go we ]?er God vs spede. 

J?er lances alle forth laid, & ilk man broched his stede, 

jjei sauh kynge's banere, raumpand jjre lebardes, 

per hors folk alle plenere, ]7ei fled as fals cowardes. 

\q fotefolk left alon, if j^ei wild stand or fle, 

Help had ]?ei non, of fiam |?er hede suld be. 

Jjus \e Waleis wroubt, & said j^an })is bi skille, 

" To J^e renge ere je brouht, hop now if je wille. 

Jjer scheltron sone was shad with Inglis J^at were gode, 

Pite of non \e\. had, bot alle to dede jode, 

Als fleihes doun ]?ei fleih, ten jjousand at ones. 

To stand non ne degh, botfelle doun als stones, 

Bituex prime & none alle voide was ])C. place. 

J>e bataile slayn & done alle within jjat space. 

' Was no man Inglis maynhed no dede J^at day, 

Bot a templer of pris, Sir Brian ])e geaj, 

' Et nes vn des Englays | fu mort ne maygne, Fors 
r 4 Bryaq 

30^ Edwardus Rex* 

Maisfer iemplere he was on J^is half ])e se, 
He folowed J^e Scottis pas, whan fiebigan to fle, 
Fer in tille a wod, men calle it Kalenters, 
Jjer in a mire a mod, withouten help of fers, 
Slouh |?ei Sir Brian alon wij^outen mo. 
Alias ! j?at douhty man, |7at he so fer suld go ! 
]>e Walsch folk jjat tide did nouj7er ille no gode, 
l^ei held J)am alle bi side, opon a hille ])ei stode. 
f»er ])ei stode ]?at while, tille the bataile was don, 
Was neuer withouten gile Walsh man no Breton. 
For jjci were euer in wehere, men so of Jjam told, 
Whilk was best bauere, with jjat side forto hold. 
Diefa San- 5 Saynt Bede sals it for lore, & I say it in ryme, 

Walsh man salle neuer more luf Inglis man no tymc, 

»e a ! imp- 
cifi'? ^eclm- 
dum man- 

jf\.FTER Ip'is bataile ]>e kyng turned ageyn, 
Ouer jjat fals pedaile he ordeynd a wardeyn, 
|)at held j^am in suilk awe, jjei durst no more rise, 
Jjoigh smerthed of J?e law he did |)am justise. 
He jared his ' his" wendyng, to London gan him rape, 
]7ider him com tij)ing, Icttres fro ])e pape, 
& bad fat he suld take |?e kyng sister of France, 
For Gascoyn pes to make Jjorgh J)at aliance, 
Not dame Blanche |7e suete, j^at I first of spake, 
Bot dame Margarete, gode withouten lak. 
f ])c pape's maundemcnt he resceyued curtasly, 
13i tyme ]?at it were ent he dight j^erto redy, 

iiryan de Jay, chiiialer alo- I de ca mere assigne, <^c. MSS. 
^e, JJaut mejilre du temple 1 Gall. ' Dele. 


Ednsardus Rex: 


In puruclance of alle as he had most to don 

So com j?e erle Marschalle baitand to London j 

Of Herford j^e erle Umfray also com he Jjidere, 

& ojjer barons of nobley, & alle samned togidere, 

\>e erle for |)am alle with luf bisouht j^e kyng, 

Of poyntis behoued falle, do jjara at J)er praying. 

^' Withoute any delay do mak |)e purale 

** Be a certeyn day, Sir, jjat pray we jje. 

jje kyng wild his myght delaied it were alle weys, 

No]?eles semand bi sight his ansuere was curteys. 

He schewed j?e erle Rogere j^e pape's mandement» 

He myght on no manere do nouht or it were ent, 

Bot he snore on his fayth, & certeynly |>an hete, 

Whan it were don in grayth jje weddyng of Margarete, 

To mak \)e purale, it suld not be delaied, 

With suilk men suld it be, Jjat })ei suld hald Jjam paied. 

So faire with his respons, so faithfulle pei bisemed 

Bo})e erles & barons, his wordes alle J^ei quemed, 

\e erle Umfray |?at was, for euer tok his leue, 

Jje dede him slouh, alias ! tille his pers it gan greue. 

A HE pape Jjan sent his bulle ' vnt Philip of France, 
J7e curte of Rome fulle has ordand aliance, 
})at Jje kyng Edward suld wed Margarete, 
& in Jjat ilk forward, ]?er werryng suld \>e\ lete 
For euer in Gascoyn of alle maner of skille, 
Without any essoyn, Philip grantid J7er tille. 
Philip for }7at may mad purueiance rcdy, 
With folk of gode aray to Doner com in hy, 
' Pro^ vnto. 

Fulcra pro- 
& vana. 



SOS Edwardus Rex, 

& f^er oure Inglis men resceyued fuUe miry. 
Jje barons alle with blis brouht hir to Canterbiri, 
& as ])e courte of Rome had ^rdeynd |7at spousale, 
Right opon Jjat dome he weddid fair sanzfaile. 
De niipciis Robert of Wynchelse, J?&t corseynt is verray, 
Marga Did J)at solempnite opon a Wednesday, 
Next ])e lattere fest }7at is of our Lady. 
\e Wednesday formest J?e kyng had fulle grete hy. 
For on jje morn he went his way toward Scotland, 
With ille auisement he did, & J^at he fand. 
Whan he was in j?e March e, he saraned his oste, 
]7an was it bot a parche, & litelle with \e loste. 
For him self alone toke fjat viage, 
Help asked he none of alle his baronage, 
l^at was for \e purale, J)at he had J?ara hette, 
He wild not do \cx gre, J^at terme }?at he sette. 
jje Scottis wist ]7at wele, & schewed him \)e vis, 
]?er side was ilk a dele, in poynt to wynne Jje pris. 
Boldely Jjei bed bataile with visage fulle austere, 
\e kynge's side gan faile, for he had no powere. 
Ferrere mot he nouht, Scotlond forto se, 
pat tyme no J»ing he wrouht, bot spendid his mone. 
\q marche vnder Avardeyn he left als it was ore. 
Unto ])Q South ageyn he went, & did no more. 
Whi Jjat he not sped, ]?is skille mot it be, 
With hauelon })am led, to mak Jjc purale. 

Prima ra- 


Edwardus Rex. 309 

X HE kyng after j^e Pask his messengere sent, menS S 

For ]je bisshopes askis to com to \iq parlement, Londone. 

For erles & barons at London suld it be, 
Four * knyghtes be soraons chosen in ilk counte. 
1 First |)e nemnid alio J^e, J^e purale suld make, 
J»at jjorgh jje reame suld go, j^e boundcs forto stake. 
Whan it wer brouht tille ende, & stabled & sette, 
To gyue J^e penie tuentende \q kyng j^er Jjei hette. 
? }7is was jje tojjer reson, men j^an suld \)e\ jare 
For J>e lond of Gascon, to Rome forto fare, 
To wite at {je pape, why he mad delay, 
Jje tyme he wild not rape, no set a certejn day, 
fiat Edward suld haue j^e lond of Gascoun, 
His seignorie to saue, als it was resoun, 
f Now was J^is jje J?ridde of Jjat parlement, Tercia, 

For chance ]7at him bitidde, jje kyng })us J^am bisent. 
** 1 praie jow in j^is nede, to help me with jour oste, 
*' ]?e Scottis on me bede, I wild abate }jer boste. 
To maynten his par tie ]7ei hete to help liim wele. 
He aiorned jjam to relie in \e North at Carlele, 

After Midesomer's tide jjorgh comon ordinance, 

No lenger suld J^ei bide, bot forth & stand to chance. 

Norreis & Surreis, |)at seruise auht Jje kyng, 

With hors & herneis at Carlele mad samnyng. 

J^e erle Marschalle Rogere no hele J)at tyme mot haue, 

He went with his banere Sir Jon j^e Segraue, 

To do alle ]io seruise ]7at longed ])e office tille, 

& mayntend alle ])q prise, jjer he sauh lav/e & skille. 

P/-0, knyghtes. 


310 Edwardus Rex, 

5 fe quene Margerete with childe |?aii was sclie, 

Thomas*fi ^^ ^^"^ ^^^ ^^^ "°* ^^*^' ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ North cuntre 
lius Regie. Unto Brotherton, on wherfe J^er scho was 

& lighter of a sonne, ]?e child hight Thomas. 

Whan \iQ kyng herd say, sho had so wele farn, 

* j?ider he went way, to se hir & hir barn, 

& with hir he soiorned, tille sho was purified, 

Jjan eft agayn he turned, & tille his ost hied. 

J7e quene with hir sonne at Cawod leues she, 

Tille tyme com eftson on Ouse fulle esp, 

Ait Karlele is J^e kyng with erles & barons, 

J^er jjei mad spekyng, to renne on j^er felons. 

Bot som of jjam \)dX ware conseild oj^er manere, 

J)orgh pastours forto fare, for bestes to lardere. 

Men said J^er were inowe in mores & in medis, 

** &, if je wille, we mowe of bestis do gode nedis. 

\>e cuntre herd it seie, ]>& folk of ilk a schire 

Had jjer bestis awcie ]7orgh mede & f'orgh mire, 

J>at no strange man knewe ne myght so go, 

J?er to ])e rayiie bigan, & flowand bank & bro. 

Jt ran doun on ]>e mountayns, & drenkled ]7e *playnes, 

Sir Edward sauh ])o ' paynes, & tok j^e gate agayn, 

J7C more * h forsoke, |)e fote men ilk a flok, 

A pouere hamletc toke, J^e castelle Karelauerok. 

' Ly Reis vers Escoce 
son chemyn rep rent, La Rey- 
ne one son fiz a Cawode 

atent Sure Owse la ryuer 
asscz esement, MSS. Gall. * F. 
playn. ^ Sic. 4 L. he. 


Edwardus J^ex, 311 

In alle J^is grete pres praied \ie kyng of France, 

])e Scottis suld haf pes |?otgh Edward sufferance* 

Vnto }?e messengere, |?at Philip to him sent, 

He gaf \q treus a jere, & j^an to London went. 

Feyntise, \\])i duellyng, on mornes long to lie, 

Surfeyte in euenyng, & luf of licchorie, 

Affiance of feloun, of enmys haf pite, ' 

AVille without resoun, conseile of wise men fle, 

Wynnyng forto hold, & gyue not largely, 

|?e Bretons men of told, forsoke suilk party. 

Of Arthure men say, jjat rede of him in pas, 

Alle tynies in medle euer more first he was 

Mornyng & euenyng, sobre & honest. 

Felons Jjat wild him greucj'or enmys jjat mad chest, 

Als he was worjji had he jugement. 

Had he of non merci, for praiere no present. 

At conseil & at nede he was a skilfulle kyng, 

So curteis of non men rede, ne prince of more praysing 

Was non in Cristendam, als he was in his tyme, 

Ne suilk on jit non cam Jjat man may mak of rf me. 

I told 50 w {'is resoun, & for ensample sette, 

If j^e kyng wild haf don J)e purale als he hette, 

Jjorghout Inglond, enselid & with scrite, 

Bi tyme had mad Jjat bond, & drawen it not o lite, 

It had bien his heires prowe, j^e lond had bien alle his, 

Long tyme or now, j)at now in auenture is. 

|)e date a })ousand was, & ]ire hundred euen, 

At Lincoln \)e parlement was in Lyndesay & Kesteuen. 


turn apud 

313 Edwardus Rex, 

Pariiamen- At be Pask afterward his parlement set he, 
\e gode kyng Edward, at Lyncoln his cite. 
At Sant Katerine hous \e erle Marsclialle lay, 
In ]7e brode gate lay Jje Brus, erle was he |jat day. 
J?e kyng lay at Netilham, it is ]>e bisshope^s touK. 
& o]?er lordes j^er cam in |7e cuntre vp & doun. 
f Erles & barons at J7er first samnyng, 
For many maner resons pleyned of J^e kyng, 
fiat ])e purale did not als he snld, 
Ne J?er chartre ^af fre, \e poyntes vse ne wuld, 
Ne suffre J?am to hold, j^at \e chartre of spake, 
Jjorgh mayntenours bold, |?e poyntes alle J?ei brake, 
jit \ei said him tille, his ministres wasted ]>& lond, 
Tak jjing out of skille, & pay not with hond. 
f & jit J)ei mad pleynt of his tresorere, 
Jjat fele }jinges atteynt he mayntend porgh powere, 
Fordos vsages olde, & lawes of J^e chekere, 
*' Of many has it bien tolde, to ]7e we pleyn vs here, 
*' Him for to remue j^orgh comon assent. 
*' Assigne it for more prow at ]>is, parlement, 
*' j^at can J?at office guye, & do jje right vsage, 
** ]7at no man thar eft crie, for wrong & outrage. 
f ))e kynge's ansuere was smert, & said, *' I se ' Jjhe wille, 
" Jjorgh pride of hert, reuile me with vnskille, 

Rfsponsio *' & so lowe me to chace, myn officers to change, 

" & mak )7ara at jour grace, Jiat were me ouer strange. 
" It is non of jow, ]?at he ne wille at his myght 
" Haf sergeanz for his prow, withouten oj^er sight, 

• Sic. 

*' Salle 


Ednsardus Rex* 


" Salle no man put Jjorgli skille his lord lowere ]7au he, 
" Ne I ne salle no wille, to while I kyng salle be. 
*' If any of mya mad strife, or tak }?ing not right, 
** Stiward or balife, schewe j^er wrong J^orgh sight : 
" ]7at wrong I wille so mende, if jjat it be atteynt, 
" |?at non thar com no sende to courte to mak eft pley nt. 
5 ' " {^e chartre I'orgh resoun & ])e purale 
*' pei for do my croune, if jjei granted be, 
" ])e whilk je salle & ouh, to maynten with me 
" To mak it lesse no louh, ne peired salle it be. 
** Of ]7is I grant to morn, {)at je trie j^is jjing 
** With sex & tuenti suorn, if I to jour askyng 
** May acorde right wele, ])e coroune forto saue 
*• Dismembred not a dele, jour askyng salle je haue. 
" A no)?er I am withoute of penie in tresorie, 
*' In lond withouten doute salle help me a partie. 

X HE wisest of ])e clergie, with erles & barons, 
Togider went to trie of j^er peticions. 
Jjo sex & tuenti jede, Jjat were suorn Jjer tille. 
Of ilk doute & drede Jjci said & set j^e skille, 
Discharged wille J^ei be of ])e grete oth j^ei suore, 
Perille for(o fie, ])e poyntes were so store. 
Jje sent ageyn & said to kyng, '^ it was no haunte 
*' Of certeyn sette & laid, to trechet J?er conaunte, 

inter se fe- 

Dicta ba* 

' La chattre des fraunchises 
-& du puraler DefFrount ma 
coroune, .si ieo les day graun- 
ter. La quele ouesk moy vous 
deuez en moy susporl, Qele 

ne soit blamye par prise ne 
par prier. Par qai ieo vous 
graunte, le drait examiner 
Par. sxvi. descrez, qe voysent 
iorer, ^c. MSS. Gall. 


314 Edicardus Re:t, 

" No title prince no kyng it is no maner told 
" To mak eft lokyng, ne derae Jjat dere was soldi 
*' Sir, fairere Jje wore, graunte vs j^i curteysie, 
" }7an parties pinched more, jje auantage set so bie^ 
** J7at J70U may gyue with right, whan |jou wille & how, 
*' |?at salle not be jjorgh sight demed of lesse ])an Jjou. 
" Put ])e not so louh, to deme ])i power fre, 
** jeld vs Jjat ]7ou ouh, & we salle luf |je, 
*' & serue \>e we wille alle at |)in avis, 
** & help ]>e at skille, to renne on I^in enmys. 
Non vuii f He sent J?am bode ageyn, schortely to say & here. 

Rex adqui- , . • • ± -i ' 

escere per prayerc was in veyn, to ese pam in no manere ; 

uum? ^^°' His wille & his anise, Jjat he asked certeyn. 
])ei 5ede be partise, disputed ])er ageyn. 
J)e parties wer so felle altercand on ilk side, 
J)at non ]fe soth couth telle, whedir pes or werre suld tide, 
Bot God jjat is of myght, & may help whan he wille. 
For for hope ]>e parties dight, & put Jjam in ]?is skille, 
J)at or Michelraesse J^ei suld reise to Jje kyng 
}?e fiftend penie no lesse, for jjer Chartre selyng, 
& for ])e purale, set with certeyn bounde, 
Jjorgh }?e lond said be delaied no lengere stounde, 
Oir}?at jjei grantid, & abate(d alle Jjer Jjro, 
Whan J)e kyng wild ]?am calle, to Scotlond suld fei go. 
? jit our ■ messengrs for Gascoyn were at Rome, 
Foure lordes fulle fers, to here ]>e pape's dome, 
J)er foure at Rome ware, to areson j^e pape, 
)?e right forto declare, & for J^e parties so schape, 

V ' " •• • • II I 

' Sic. 



Edreardus Rex, SI 5 

To whom \q right suld be of Gascoyn euer & ay, 
& jjorgh his decre \e pes pronunce a day. 
\>e pape Boniface tok Philip messengers, 
& oars in o place, sette ))am to mete als pers, 
& preched to I?am alle, als ])ei sat in fere, 
" Lordyng |)us salle falle, as I salle say here. 

JVIEN say in jour tuo londes ere men of grete resoun, 

papa dixit 

" & wele vnderstondes, & knowes J?er enchesoun. Nunci s 

Franciae & 

'• \o ilk men so wise suld go, «Sc enforrae jour kynges, ArgUae. 
'* Withouten rao justise or trauaile of oj^er lordynges. 
" jjerfore gos ageyn, & tille jour kynges say, 
" Bot J»ei with luf certeyn acorde in euen way, 
" & if ^ei ne do, be Saynt Petir of Rome, 
*' Our courte salle ordeyn so on j^am so hard dome, 
*' At J?e next feste f'at comes of S. Andrew, 
" J?at |?ei & alle J^er geste ]7at dome salle doute & rew. 
5 ])a messengers \e\ jedc, bare J^ei with J?ara no more, 
I turne ageyn to rede of ])e parlement we spak ore. 

X HE kyng gaf his sonne at be parlement Rex dedir 

vY ales in to wonne, & Chestre shire to rent. 0iio suo. 

' Mustrelle & Pountif, J)at er bijond J?e se, 

Prince he was vp rif, & erle also was he. 

Of him J7at held |7er londes bei mad him alle homage, 

To Scotlond now he fondes, to redy his viage. 

e les homages prent, S^c. MSS. 

• Et Pountif & Monstroyl. 
le, one lonour qe apent, Le 
fiz & [yelcsf] Prince & Count, 

Vol. U. (s With 


Edwardus Rex* 

papae ep- 
scopus de 
Spolete ve- 
nit ad Re- 

With ]>ntti |?ousand WalsU redy at his banere, 

Erles & barons als, boJ?e knyght & squiere 

AUe com to Carlele, to conseil how were best. 

To passe ]>e Scottis se wele, to tak to ward jje West. 

His fader also jede, & chefe J?e Est side, 

At Berwik opon Tuede, his ost did })er bide. 

A.LS }jei were alle plenere to coiinseil & to schape. 

So com a raessengere fro Boniface }?e pape 

Jje bisshop of Spolete, with a newe ordinance. 

A nojjer him gan mete, coraand fro Jje kyng of France, 

I herd neuer telle, for what raancr discert, 

}jer on I most nede duelle, tille it com out aperte. 

? ' J)e kyng has ]>e letter in hand, to trowe J^at J^ei said, 
J»e werryng in Scotland now is delaied & laid. 
Ho com to Linliscow, & did j^er crie his pes, 
& teld his barons how, Jjat nede behoued him ses. 
SiJ?en he & his sonne turned toward ])e South, 
J?e Marche als it was wonne, keped wardeyns couth, 

f ]7e turned to London, of J?e treus to speke, 
& feyj?ly J)erto bondon, on no manere to breke.' 
Unto jje terme for told, of Saynt Andrewmesse, 
Jje pape did him hold, with gode sikernesse. 
]>e pape set |?at terme, for his hopyng was, 
Jje pes Jjei suld afferme, for drede of hardcre kas. 

' Resceu ad ly Reis la let- 
tre de creaunce, Et ly messa- 
gers enteudu la sustaunce. 
^a gA\ere sur Escoce ad mys 

en suffraunce, A Lynliscou 
reuent, son fiz saunz tari- 
aunce,^c. MSS. Gall, nisi quod 
saunz desit in Cod, Anstisiano. 

Edwardus Rex, 


'KyNG Philip of France bad erle William 
A cheson for a chance, I ne wote whi it cam. 
Charles to William hette, he suld him sauely lede 
Unto Jje parlement sette ageyn withouten drede. 
Whan William was comen, & wende no trcsoun, 
Sone was he nomen, & don in prisoun. 
Now is JTe erle })us schent, bondon in iren & stele, 
Philip to Flandres sent, & sesid it ilk a dele, 
& mad suilk wardeyns in his name to be, 
Destroied at J7e geyns, jjat }3ei mot find or se, 
Defoules J^er wyues, ]?er douhtres lay bi, 
Jjer lordes slouh with knyues, of fo had })ei merci. 
f Jje tonnes spak of jjis, |?e folk gadred aboute, 
To renne on jje Frankis, ])e\ samned gret ronte. 
jjei folowed on }?am hard fjorgh out f»at cuntre, 
Jjat Frankis & Pikard alle were fayn to fle. 
J>o Jjat fleih jjei ferd ynto })e kyng of France, 
fe kyng he it herd, tak he wille vengeance. 
Of knyght & of burgeis an oste he did relie, 
Bitauht it }»e erle pf Arteys, fat oste forto guye. 
He did Jier no prow, he was first was doun> 
* A fonle herlote \\im slowc, trnt for his renoun ; 
& o{?er withouten numbir, Jjer names I may not telle, 
Alle ]?ci jede tille eiicumbir, & er went to Helle. 

Bellum in- 
ter Fran- 
ciam & 

' Luy quens Gyllam de 
Flaundres, vers qi conteUr 
cioua Ly Rey de Fraunce 
aueit, par sodayn achesoun, 

Vilement estait trahy par 
Charloun, ^c. MSS. Gall. 
* Un ribard !i tuayt saunz 
confessioun, Gall. 

G 2 'Of 



Edwardus Rex* 

Peticio pro 



' Of Huneys er I^ei dene, Pikard & Burgoilloun, 
Of Bascel & Viene, of Braban & Bretoun. 
I^at tyme no at a nojjer had \>e Frankis no foisoun, 
j^ei & alle ]>e fof>er Jje Flcmmynges laid J^am doun. 
fiat schame has jit non ende, no jjat vpbraidyng, 
|?at on France salle lende, for falsnes of \)ex kyng. 
Now salle we turne ageyn tille our owen lessouii, 
Whan Charles courte is pleyn, I gyue it my malisoun. 

f jje date was euenlik, a Jjoiisand fre hundred «fc too, 
* Whan ]?e erle of Karrik turned ]>e Scottis fro. . 
Sir Umfrey Boun \>e kyng his wife wedded |7at jerc 
Edward douhter j^e kyng, Elizabeth })at clere. 
In alle j^ise spekynges men jede J^at wer wise 
Bituexen J^ise tuo kynges, Jjat no coutek suld rise, 
Bot contene forth ])c trew vnto \q Pnske's terme 
Fro l^e Saynt Andrew, so long J)e pes to afterrae. 
Of J7is j^e kyng of France praied Sir Edward, 
|?at with his sufferance & leue in forward 
Suffre |?e Scottis to go, ]7at men fiat he for sent. 
])e kyng tille alle J)o gaf leue, & \ie\ alle went. 

I For perille of suilk goynges ]?e kyng purueied to go, 
Sir Jon of Hastynges he was first of J^o, 
& Sir Emery \e Brette, to ' Goscoyn forto wende, 
To bide \ie terme sette, Jje treus how it suld ende. 

' Ne Normaund, ne Pi- 
k.ard, ne ly Burgylloun, Ne 
Vieiiays, ne 1 ascle, ne Bra. 
banj ne Bretouns, t^c MSS. 
Gall. *Le Count de Kar- 
jfyk k'S Escotz wcrpist As 

genz le Rey Edward de gre 
se rendist. Ly quens Vum- 
fray de Boune eel an a fem- 
me priat La fyile al Rey 
EdAvard, Elizabeth est dist, 
4-c. Gall. J S;c. 

Edwardus Rex\ 


" j^e Inglis men were wone, to wery long trayne; 
Of bataile better cone, lite was alle j^er payne. 
Dishonour haf jjei ay of |?er long respite, 
I spak Jjis for a day, ])e Scottis assailed ]7ara tite, 
f Oar men in Scotland with sautes sodeynly. 
J!»e Segraue myght not stand, Sir Jon tok the gayn s(ie. 
His Sonne & his broj^er of bedde als ]>c\ woke, 
& sextene knyghtes o]7er, ])e Scottis alle j^am toke. 
Sergeantz wele [jritty alle ;^ald |)ara |?at while, 
On l^ei slouh smertly, Sir Thomas dc Neuile. 
Sir Rauf j^e Coffrers I^at tyme was Tresorere, 
He was on of J^er pers, his life was alle in wehere. 
He bed grete catelle, his lif forto saue, 
Sir Symon ]>e Frcselle Jiat ilk catelle suld haue. 
Synion was austere, to Rauf spak fulle grim : 
" \>ai mad \)e Tresorere |?ou has desceyued him, 
** & me & many mo, fro our wages jede quite. 
*' Sir Rauf ]?ou resceyued jjo, bi taile & bi scrite, 
" \io\x did vs more trauaile, ilk man Jjou reft his wage, 
** Now salle I wite ]?e taile, & put ]>e in \>e Arerage, 
*' Of preste J)ou has no merke, albe ne non amite, 
*' Bot laced in a hauberke, \b\ is no clerkis abite. 
*' For alle Jjo clerkes of Rome, J)at sing in kirk or rede, 
** Jjou salle haf \i dome, als Jjou serued in dede. 

De fuga 
Joh Liniis 
Segrntie & 

' Nos Englays crioums, 
laschesse sait maldist, [f e/, soit 
maudit] Kar qaunt al tnelz 
ferir, [t)e/, a meuz ferrir,] 
plus auoms delit. Deshonour 
nous Teent [vel^ vynt] & pert 

par respit, Jeo parle pur le- 
scot, qe laltrere assayllist, Nos 
Englays en Escoce par as- 
saut subit. Sire Jon de Se. 
graue son chemyn reprist, Sfc. 
MSS. Gall. 

G 3 'A 

320 Edwardus Rex. 

' A boye fulle pantencre lie bad a suerd Jjat bote, 
He stirtc vnto \e Cofrercj his handes first of smote, 
& fro J^e body his heued a dynt |)an did jjc cleue. 
His wcrryng so he ieued, at amies he tok leue. 

Contra- j[]v^ ^lle bis mykelle frape wex a I'rete distance 

rietas facta -^ r ^ ^ » 

inter pa- Qf Bonifacc be pape, & be kyn<; of France. 

pam& Re- i r i 7 i > o 

gein Fran- jjg j^yng said & did crie, J?e pape was bcretike 
Usure & symoiiie, & synne sodoraike, 
Errid mislyuyng, haunted Maumetrie, 
Wastid kirkis })ing, & lyued in bugerie, 
&; was worf^i to schende boj^e soule & lyf, 
To die withouten ende, fis mad J^e kyng vp ryf. 
Pape Boniface herd telle of }?at crie, 
He did bifor his face com holy |7e clergie, 
To conseil what were best for J'at vilanie, 
J>at \iQ\ ageyn him kest, said on him heresie. 
|)is conscile alle ]>d said, " lat it jil rest & slepe, 
" |>is fame of 50W is laid, * ]>o Avise men jjat were ^epe, 
*' Wite, if he wille avowe alle his wikked sawe, 
*' Or amend & bowe, \qi on behoues vs drawe. 
Jje pape on }?at couenaunt, he said, he wild so wirke, 
jje amendis if he wild graunt to God & holy kirke ; 
& if he wild nouht com to amendement, 
Alle France suld be brouht tille encumberraent, 
])orgh comon enterdite, & }?orgh croiserie, 
Als lond ))at is alle quite fro God on ilk partic. 

' Le Cofrere vn riband I mayns ly copayt, la teste ly 
maintenant saisist, Les | partistjc^-c. M/S'/S'.Cra^/. 'JP.JTO. 


Edxscardus Rex, 


After salle ^e here \>e ende of J>is folic, 
Turne we tille our matere, & on our gest to bie. 
jjedate a }7oiisand was, J)re hundred mo bi |?re, 
Jje kyng did grete trespas, diffamed ]?e pape's se. 

AN \>e next somerestide Sir Edward bad has(e, 
No lenger wild he bide, Scotland for to waste. 
Conseil he had of on, a brigge be suld do wrihte. 
Botes & barges ilkon, with flekes mak ]?aiu tighte, 
jje Scottis se to passe, if ]?at be had nede. 
J?er passage neuer ore wasse, he rode ouer on his stede, 
jje Scottis sauh him com, fleand fast Jjei ^ede. 
Mores & raountayns nom, bifore J^ei dryue for drede. 
f J?e kyng did parte his oste, to sprede in parties sere, 
West alle bi j^at coste jede |?e erle of Hulnestere. 
' }?e kynge's oste at gesse in ])q Est mad lardere, 
Of touL s & hamelesse, of granges & garner, 
More & mededid rynce, wod & playn he brent. 
\)e same way ])e prince destroied J^er be went, 
So fer Northward be ferde, \>q Scottis io chace. 
Of Inglis no man herde, Jjat euer kyng had ]?at grace. 
So fer baner to here, & suilk oste forto lede, 
No wasted with no werre, jje cuntres gan ]?am drede, 
Sane kyng Athelstan, J^at wastid alle Catenesse. 
SiJTen was no man, Jjat so fer mad stresse, 


suain circi- 

' Luy Rey vers lorient 
enprent son aler, Hamelez & 
villes, graunges «& gerner, 

Et playnes e Toydes, par 
tote fet arder, Sfc. MSS. Gall. 

Q 4 

332 Edwardus Rex. 

\>e tounes, )?e countes^ l^e foreyns alle abontc, 
To ]>e kyt»g ftlle on knes, liis poweredid l^am loute^ 
Un to his pes j^am jald, feaute did Lira suere, 
Treuly with him to hald, non armes ageyn him here. 
f Be \ia.i |?e werre was ent wyriter was |?er jare, 
To Dounfgrmelyn he went, for rest wild he J^are. 
For ]>Q quene he sent, & scho did digtit hire chare, 
Fro Cawod scho glent, to Dounefermelyn to fare. 
Jje lord of Badenauh, Freselle & Waleis 
Lyued at theues lauh, eiier robband alle weis. 
J?ei had no sustenance, |?e werre to mayntene, 
Bot skulked opon chance, & robbed ay bituene. 
jjei com vnto ])q kyng, for pes if it mot tide, 
Opon Jjer askyng, he iorned ]?am to bide. 
Men bred for f)at iorne, j^ei suld haf had ]7e pes, 
For eft })aH suld men se, bigyn alle new jje res. 

J.N J)at jere ft sais, ])q pape had grete despite 
l^orgh ]7e * Columpneis, Cardinalles of habite. 
}?ei were born xxi Rome alle j^e Columpneis, 
IpaX kynde bare j?e blome, riche ijien & curteis. 
Men said alle |7at kynde had nvhilom |?e dignite. 
If clerke of J^am niygiit fynde, pape suld he be. 
Jjus J7an was \ie sawe whilom in ]7at cite, 
\ii pape fordid }7at lawe, j^e skille can I not se. 

• ' See Platina cle vitis Pontiji. \ Voyage of Italy, Part I. p. 246. 
cum Rom. p. 231. Col.Agrip. I Paris 1670. Ed. 2d. 
M.DC.xxvi.SeelikewiseLassels's | 


Edtscardus ReJ:. 

Cardinals were J7ei, ]je pape did J^am doun, 

& exiled j^ani awey, & mad distructiouii 

Of londes & feez, )jer kastcls doun he cast, 

& alle }?er dignitez, ne lengere suld ])ei last, 

Grete was Jjat linage & many to J?ara cheuedj 

& of Jjat ilk outrage ]>e fast J?ana sore agreuedi 

l^at ]>e pape did |?am reuile of j?o in Rome \>at wore^ 

Went vnto Cezilc, Jjore help ])ei fond wele more. 

j?e kyng of France |)idere sent ]>am help inouh, 

|7er kynde & ])e'i togidere vntille Anayne )jei drouhi 

j^er l^e Columpne kynde, J?e pape forsoth J)ei toke, 

Tresore ]7at J7ei mot fynde, with |)ara away |?ei schoke. 

' Tuo days j?e pape withoulen mete lay, 

}e ]7rid day com grete frape, & conged him away. 

Of alle l^at grete tresoure J?at euer he biwan, 

AIs bare was his toure as Job ])e pouere man. 

Men sais he gaf pardoun, assoiled ]7am of pyne, 

})at with deuocioun brouht him brede or wyne- 

Grete pite it was, Jjat J^e hede of Cristendam 

Suld for any trespas take so foule a schara. 

Wele I wote alle frayed he went fro j^at cite 

Vnto Rome mispayed to }?e pape's se. 

He cursed J?e kyng of France, & alle }jat with him held, 

jjat did him |)at mischance, ageyn him reised scheld. 

He lyued bot j^re days, & died sone J?ei said, 

J)e soner for jjat affrays, at Petir kirke is he laid. 

rum per pa- 
pain Boni- 

* Le Pape saunz viaunde i suruenaunt le terce iour issist 
fi). il. iours en s libit, Par eyde | [i?e/ assit] MSS. Gall. 


JSdieardus Re^t, 

lunt per 
tum papam^ 

JM OW haf we bulle certeyn, a newe pape Bcnet^ 
J)at calles \ex ageyn, Jjat Boniface set, 
Assoyles alle bi name, J^o robbours J^orgh grace, 
J?at did despite & scliame to pape Boniface. 
Who may now in Rome haf any sikernesse, 
Jjat jjer is hiest dome, & jit vncerteyn es ? 
|?at Boniface bond with sentence so brim, ] 
Eft men Benet fond, ]>ai he assoiled him, 
?fota bene. I ' He is folc J)at affies in }je courte of Rome, 
Comes a nojjer & bies, & fordos j?at dome. 
Pur quante posse dare, what J?ing & how mykelle, 
Pur fare Sf defare, Rome is now fulle fikelle. 
Turne we now ojjer weys vnto our owen geste, 
& speke of ))e Waleys, Jjat lies in }pe foreste. 
In fe forest helendes of Dounfermelyn, 
He praied alle his frendes, & ojjer of his kyn, 
After J^at jole jjei wilde biseke Edward, 
\)2ii he mot him jelde tille him in a forward 
J?at were honorable to kepe wod or beste, 
& with his scrite fulle stable, & seled at jje lest, 
To him & allehise to haf in heritage, 
& non o)jer wise, als terme, tyme & stage, 

De Willel 

* Molt est sotz & fous, en 
Rome qe ceo fist. Pur quant 
posse dare, a graunt & a petit, 
Par fare & par defare, Rome 
nus derist, Ho la de choses 
par de ca dalyer nous suffist, 
in the French Copy that be- 

longs to the Heralds Office, 
but in Mr. Anstis^s, Mult est 
fort & fous en Rome qe ceo fit, 
Pro quante posse dare, a 

grant & a petit, Bo la de 
chose par de cea dalier nous 


Edwardus Rex, 

Bot afs a propire Jjing, jjat were conquest tille him. 
Whan \id brouht fat tijjing, Edward was fulle grim, 
& bitauht him |je fende, als his traytoure in lond, 
& euer ilkon his frende, f^at him susteynd or fond. 
Jjre hundreth marke he hette vnto his warisoun, 
Jjat with him so mette, or bring his hede to toun. 
Now flies William Waleis, of pes nouht he spedis, 
In mores & inareis with robberie him fedes. 

XXERE now how J^ei sped, \)e Scottis in his niiercie, 

^e Freselle first fled, out taken on \>ex partie. 

Tuo jere out of Kith, in strange rearae suld be, 

|je })rid suld he haf ;grith, ageyn to haf his fe, 

J)e tojjer alle suld haue boj^e lif & lymmes, 

& ]?er tenement saue, bot raunson of Jjam nunn es., 

Raunson suld Jjei gyue after |?er folie, 

& in his pes to lyue, & haf \>ci raanauntie. 

Sijjen in Jie Lenten tide he went to Saynt Andrew, 

About on ilk a side, did crie his pes alle new. 

J7e bisshop of Glascow ]7e clergie alle out ches, 

)?e best men & trew, & com vnto Jje pes. 

J)e kyng was so curteis, he granted j?ara Jjer wille, 

Saue ]>e araendes he sais raunson for J7er ille, 

& suld be bot right bifor J?e baronie, 

& at \q comon sight of stile ]7er clergie. 


326 Edxeardus Aex. 

SieSuJl After Je Pask sone ])e kyng did make alle jarc^ 
*y°* |?at ))is oste were bone, to Striiielyn to fare. 

Whan f»ei were alle comen^ jjei ^ede about to se, 
How it mot be nomen, & J)e engynes set suld be. 
Thrittene grete engynes, of alle ])e reame ]>e best, 
Brouht J^ei to Striuelyne, ])e kastelle doun to kest. 
Tqo knyghtes were J^er in, ])e castelle had in warde,- 
Sir William of Depplyn, Sir AVilliam Olifarde, 
' & tuenti of honour, without page & portere, 
& a frere prechoure, a monke J^e conseilere. 
J>er was with in J?rittene rtiaydens & ladies^ 
& no mo men to mene, ]>a,t felie to telle of pris. 
An engyn bad |Jei jjer in, & profred for to kast, 
])e jerde brast in tuyn, to help mot it not last. 
J)e engyns with oute, to kast were ]?ei sette, 
Wallis & kirnels stoute, Jje stones doun bette. 
5 J>e kyng did mak right gare an hidous engyn, 
]>e name l^ei cald Ludgare or Lurdare of Striuelyn. 
Whan ]?ei kest j^erto, ]>e walle J7orghout jjei clef, 
& non ojjer did so bifor him alle doun dref. 
jjre monethes & ])re days Jje sege so long Jjei teld, 
Fulle & hard afiVays had alle ])o Jjat it held. 
Sore Jjei were trauailed, & socour com J»am non, 
& alle fier store' failed, jjer mete was nere gon. 
Tille jjer kyng ))ei sent, }?ei wild be at his wille, 
Bot he wild not consent, he Jjouht to do Jjam ille. 

* Et. XX. gentyls homes, I frere Jacobyn, th moygne 
saunz pages & porter, Un I counsayller, MSS. Gall. 


Edwardus Rex, 


' So long was Jje trayne, or it wer brouht to stalle, 
It were to me grete payiie, forto telle it alle. 
I wote wele at jje last alle com }?ei oute, 
Withouten conaunt cast, tille his mercy gan loute. 
Boldely J>ei camen, & schewed J)am to his face, 
Felle it to gode or grame, J^ei did Jjam in his grace. 
|je castelle now is golden, \>e kyng dos wardeyns wise, 
To kepe J?e lond & dres, ]}e folk forto justise. 
jjc lond was so wast, he mad |?er no soioure, 
Tille Inglond in hast he turned with honoure., 

I j?e moneth of September golden was Striuelyn, 
Edward may remembre ])e trauaile & ]>e pyn. 
With many grete encumbre of in hard stoure, 
At Brustwik opon Humbre |?er he mad soioure. 
Sir Jon of Warenne |?at ilk tyme gan deie, 
His body was redy }>en in graue forto Leie. 
After ]ie enterment J^e kyng tok his way. 
To ])e South he went ])orgh Lyndesay. 
He spired as he jede, who did suilk trespas, 
Brak his pes with dede, tille he in Scotlond was. 
Of suilk suld be spoken, if men of ]?am pleyned, 
])o J>at J)e pes had broken, if Jjei mot be atteyned. 

? * Wise men of gode gaf ansuere to ]>e kyng, 
fat suilk foles gode, it was certeyn j^ing, 


' Taunt fust la traine 
longe de la pees parler, Ke 
ioe ne say ne pusse la maite 
recorder, MSS. Gall. » Re- 
spouns ount fet al Reiz gentz 
de bien Toillauncej Coment 

par my la tere fet est graunt 
greuaunce, Par commune 
contekours, qe sunt par fi- 
aunce Obligez ensemble a 
Tue purueaunce, Traylba- 
stouns sunt Qomez de eel re. 

328 EdwardusRex, 

{jorgh l^e lond is don suilk grete greuance, 

Bot it be mendid son, a werre may rise o chance. 

J)ise contekours whidere }jei assigned a stede jjat es, 

& J)er Jjei com togidere & mak a sikernes, 

Jjat |?ei salle alle gOj io whom or where ]?ei wille, 

To robbe, bete or slo, ageyn alle raanere skille. 

J7ei profere a man to bete, for tuo schilynges or \xt, 

With piked staues grete, beten salle he be. 

In feire & markette Jjei salle seke him oute, 

Alle I^e lond is sette with suilk foles stoute. 

If a chapman wille not lene of his merchaundie, 

In his hous for tene fiei do him vilenie, 

Or els he be at one largely to gyue of his, 

Els j^ei salle him ilkone bete him J)at he pis. 

For men of suilk maners, bot J^er be sora justise, 

Sone in for jers per chance a werre salle rise. 

}>e kyng herd alle ]?e fame, ])c pleynt of ilka toun, 

& gaf |7am a newe name, & cald f»am Traile bastoun. 

Jje date was a J^ousand J)re hundred mo bi fine, 

Suilk men jjorgh }?e land he did )7am tak bilyue. 

X HE kyng |)orgh })e lond did seke men o resons, 
& with ]7e juslise J)am bond, to site oTi Trailebastons. 
Som Jjorgh quest \)t\ demed be bonden in prisons, 
& jjo J?at fled J)ei flemed als Jje kynge's felons. 

tenauncc. En faires & en 
marches se profrerent [yel 
proferent] fere couenaunce, 
Pur. iij. souz ou. iiii, cu piir 

la vayllaunce Batre vn prod- 
home, qe vnqes fist nosaunce, 
4-c. MSS. Gall. 


Edwardus Rex. 329 

Som men out }?e kast of lond was holden wrong, 

Fals conenantz J^ei brast Jjorgh powere holden long, 

& som gaf raunson after |)er trespas, 

Als }?e dede was don, so Jje amendes was. 

Bot men did amend suilk folic openly knowen, 

Non suld J?am defend, ne dur wonne in Jjer owen. 

Jhesu, whan ]70U wille how right wis is Jji raede ? De cap. 


\dX of Jje wrong has gilt, J^e endyng may ^ei drede. Wiiieimi 

William Waleis is nomen, ]?at maister was of theues, 

Tijjing to |?e kyng is coraen, |)at robberie mischeues. 

Sir Jon of Menelest sewed William so nehi, 

He tok him whan he wend lest, on nyght his leman bi, 

]7at was J?orght treson of Jak Schort his man, 

He was J)e encheson, |?at Sir Jon so him nam. 

Jak brojjer had he slayn, Jie Waleis }jat is said, 

}je more Jak was fayn, to do William J)at braid. 

Selcouthly he endis )?e man fiat is fals, 

If he trest ou his frendes, ]?ei begile him als 

Begiled is William, taken is & bondon. 

To Inglond with him ]7ei cam, & led him vnto London, 

\& first dome he fanged, for treson was he drawen. 

For robbrie was he hanged, & for he had men slawen, 

& for he had brent abbeis, & men of religion. 

Eft fro \e galweis quik ))ei lete him doun, 

& bouweld him alle bote, & brent Jjam in Jtc fire, 

His hede |jan of smote, suilk was William hire ; 

& for he had mayntend fje werre at his myght. 

On lordschip lended jjore he had no right. 


Edwardus Rex, 

& stroied \oxq he knewe, in fele stede sers 
His body j^ei hewe on foure quarters^ 
To hang in foure tonnes, to raene of his maners 
In stede of Gonfaynounes, «& of his baners. 
Cowede I At London is his heued, bis quarters ere leued, in Scoi 


land spred, 
To wirschip ]7er iles, & lere of his wiles, how wele })at h^ 

It is not to drede, traytour salle spede, als he is worjii, 
His lif salle he tyne, & die jjorgh pyne, withouten merer 
|7us may men here, a ladde forto lere, to biggen in pays ; 
It fallis in his ije, })at hewes ou"er hie, with ]?e Walays. 

Rege Scot 
lor urn. 

n^Ii°sro? ^^ William haf je herd, how his endyug was, 
Now of kyng Roberd to telle 30W his trespas. 
Als Lenten tide com in, Cristen man's lauli , 
He sent for Jon Comyn, }pe lord of Badenauli ; 
To Dounfres suld he come, vnto Jje Minours kirke, 
A spekyng }?er Jjci nom^, \e Comyn wild not wirke, 
Ne do after |?e sawe of Roberd \g Brus. 
Away he gan him drawe, his conseil to refus, 
Roberd with a knyue ]!»c Comyn jjer he smote, 
f'orgh whilk wounde his lyue he lost, wele I wote. 
He gcde to ]?e hie autere, & stode & rested him |7orc, 
Com Roberde's squiere, & wonded him wele more, 
For lie wild not consent, to reise no folic, 
Ne do als he ment, to gynne to mak partie, 
Agcyn kyng Edward, Scotland to dereync, 

De occt- 
stune Jc> 

WitU werre & balail hard, roue him his demeyiie. 


Edwardus Re:t. 331 

Sir Jon "wild not so, |?er for was he dede. 

Bot Roberd wild do, & oj^er Jjat gaf him rede, 

jjat he suld^o to Scone, & mak redy jje se, 

& whan it were alle bone, to tak j^e dignite. 

* })e garland Roberd tok, Jiat whiloni was ]>& right, 

Jje lond forto loke, in signe of kynge's myght. 

Primatis bisshopes tuo j^o with croice & ryng, 

& an Abbot mo of Scone, j^at dubbid \e kyng, 

Erles, barons inowe mad him j^er feaute. 

With oth lie did ji^am bowe, at his wille to be, 

& alle Inglis men did he woyde ])e lond, 

})at |?ei mot fynde or ken in stede Jjer he ]7am fonde. 
f Now gos J7e Brus about, werre he |?inkis to hold, 

J7e Inglis ]>(i katched out, to J7e kyng jje told. 

Edward )jan he toke folk with his banere, 

\>(i erle went of Penbroke, his name was Sir Eymere. 

& ojjer men fuUe gode, barons & barons pere, 

At tyme wele \ei stode, & did |?er deuere. 
5 l^e date was a j^ousand, J^re hundred mo bi sex, 

Whan ]7e werre of Scotland jjorgli |7e Brus eft wex. 

* Et la gerlaunde i prist, 
qe Reis solait porter, En 
signe de seignorye a son en^ 
coronner, E mayntenaunt 
apres par tut fist crier Citez, 
burgs & villes, des Englays 
voyder. Euesqes deus estoy- 
ent primatz au [yel a] dubber 

Oue le abbe de Scone, qe 
pays lachata cher, [yel le 
chata chier,] Countes & ba- 
rouns, chiualer, esquier, Du 
realme descoce estoynt [pel 
estoyent] conseyller, Jurez 
en eyde al Breus, par tere & 
par mer, S;c. MSS. Gall. 

Vol. II. H Jn 


Dc solem- 
festi Rrgis 
apud West 

Edxeardus Rex, 

In I?1s jere, als I told, at |)e Whitsonen day, 

])e kyng his fest suld hold at Westmynstre fulle gay, 

His Sonne Edward ]>q. prince, & fiftene for his sake, 

fre ' hundred of jje prouince, knyghtes wild he make. 

It was |7e kynges costage, for ilk a knyght was gest, 

Also jjei mad mariage of som \dX were Jje best. 

J^e ^ong erle of Warenne with grete nobley was )jare, 

A wif * l^ei him bikenne, J^e erle's doubter of Bare. 

\)e ' erle of Arundelle his londes lauht he J^an, 

& toke a damyselle, William doubter of Warenne. 

gong Sir Hugh was ))arc, j^e Spensere stoute & gay, 

Gilbert doubter of Clare wedded be J?at day. 

It is not to wene, bot certeynly to witeu, 

Joye inouh is sene, })er suilk a fest is smyten. 

In alle Breteyn was nouht, sij'en Criste was born, 

A fest so noble wrouht aflere no biforn, 

Out tak Carleon, }7at was in Arthure tyme, 

Jrare he bare ]?e coroune, )?ereof jit men ryme. 

* Others say^ that the whole 
number then knighted was, tzco 
hundred threescore and seven. 
See Dugdale's Baronage, Tom. 
I. p. 80. b. * Dugdale observes 
(loc. cit.) that John E. of War- 
ren, having an offer made unto 
him by the King, in his Cham- 
ber at f'Vestminster, in Parlia- 
ment, upon Munday next, be. 
fore the feast ofS. Edward^ King 

and Martyr, 33 Edw. I. of Joan, 
Daughter to Henry, Earl of 
Baar, gratefully accepted there, 
of (he being not then fully 
twenty one years of age) and 
took her to wife. JLe Count 
de Aroimdel, saisie de ses feez, 
II prist la damoisele, ki [yel 
qe] pere fu clamez Willam 
de Warenne, a dieu coniaun- 
dcz, MSS. Gall. 


Edwardus Rex. 

A HE prince after J)e fest sone liis leue toke, 
With jolif men of gest toward ]7e North he schoke, 
To chace kyng Robyn, where he rayght him fynde, 
}?at slouli ])e gode Comyn, destroie him rote & rynde. 
His fader Edward, North mad his jorne. 
Him toke a sekenes hard, at ' Laynertost lay he. 
Bot Jhesu ]7orgh his myght, blissed mot he be, 
Reised him vp right, & passed J^at hage. 
* ]7er after ros hard schoures in Scotlond of j^e clergie, 
Bisshops, abbotcs, & priours, ])d had misborn j^am hie, 
& alle ]?at fals blode, }?at often was forsworn, 
]7at neuer in treuth stode, sen Jhesu Criste was born. 
f Sire Eymere of Valence lay at Saynt Jon toun, 
In his alienee with many erle & baroun. 
Of Scotlond |?e best were J7an in his feith, 
\iex ]>e\ gan alle rest, tille j^ei herd o]?er greith. 
Sir Robert J^e Brus sent to Sir Eymere, 
& bad he suld refus ]?at him had forsaken ilk a pantenere. 
J7e traytours of hise ]7at him had forsaken 
]?ei suld to l^e Jewise, whan J^ei ])q toun had taken. 
\e tojjer day on ]7e morn com ]>g Brus Roberd, 
Jje toun wist it bcforn, J)orgh spies Jjat jjci herd. 
Sir Eymere wild haf gon out, Sir Ingram Ymfreyuile 
Preid him forto lout, tille it were none jiat while. 
*' If we now out wende, & leue \e toun alone, 
" jjei gtie ]>e faired ende, & we be slayn ilkonc. 


' Lanercost vulgo. Et sic 
MSS. Gall. ^Maiutenaunt 
apres surdrent [yel sour- 
drouut] les dolours As ab- 

bes, as euesqes, as clers & 
lays plusours De la tere de- 
scoce a [yel as] gentz souent 
periours, 3ISS. Gall. 
H 2 " Bot 

^^* Edwardus Re±» 

" Bot do crie Jiorgh j^e toun, j^at non for wele no wc?, 
" In * stete walk vp & doun bot to jjer innes go. 
AVhan ])e crie was cried, walkand was non sene, 
Bot to innes Lied, as j^er no man had bene. 
])e Scottis perceyued wele, \e\ durst not issben oute, 
It neghed nere metesel, f^an rus vp alle j^e route. 
At ]7e liie midday went ]7e Scottis men, 
Tuo myle was l^er way, io j^e castelle of Metfen. 
Whan l^ei to Metfen cam, Jjei dight j^am to j^e mete, 
f)an said Sir Ingram, " if we go now, we f^am gete. 
" Dight vs now ilk one, go we, God vs spede, 
*' Leue not j^e toun alone, \q way I salle jow lede. 
5 On Saynt Margarete day Sir Ingram & Sir Eyraere 
Cora on ]7am })er ]?ei lay alle dight to j^e dynere. 
]7er vaumward was sone dight, our Inglis had mervaile^ 
jiei were sO sone at ]ie fight, & redy to assaile. 
J7e Inglis |?orgh j^am ran, & had jje fairer side, 
Jje Scottis ilk a man; j^e lordcs durst not bide. 
Here now a contreuore, jjorgh Roberde's avis, 
Aboucn l^er armore did serkis & surplis. 
Alle J^ei fled on rowc, in lynen white as railke, 
For non suld f^am knowe, jjer armes whilk were whilk. 
Our men jiat wild haf dede, bare j^am forth fulle stoute^ 
Sir Eymer had no drede, he serchid Jjara alle oute. 
At ])e tirst comyng he slouh Sir Eymere stede 
|)at did Robert J^e kyng, & turned bak & jede. 
Sir Eymer had inowe, J^at horsid him ageyn, 
Roberte's men J7ei slowe, J)e numbre vncerteyn. 

' Pro, strete. 


Edwardus Rex, 335 

J7an bigan ])c cliace, & drof ])e kyng Robyn, 
To reste had he no space, long to duelle J^er in. 
f Jje Freselle |7er he fled, sone after was he foiiden, 
Now taken he is & led vnto |?e toure of Liindon, 
J)er his dome he feyng als tray toure salle je witen, 
First drawen & si|)en heyng, & his hede of smyteno 
Alias ! it was to mene, his vertuz & his pruesse 
So fele in him were sene, ]7at perist for falsnesse, 
His hede vnto jje brigge to sette was it sent, 
\>e body lete jjei ligge, & som jjerof jjei brent. 

JriERE now ]>e grete despite, & j^e vilenie, 

|7at to ])ex bak gan bite of Scotlond J?e clergie. 

f>e bisshop of Saynt Andrew, & ]>e abbot of Scone^ 

J7e bisshop of Glascow, j^ise were taken sone. 

Fettred on hakneis, to Inlond ere })ei sent, 

On sere stedis it seis, to prison mad present. 

Lewed men & clerkis, Jjat did werre mayntene, 

Als theues here \e\ raerkis, hanged alle bidene. 

Cristofore of Seton many man him sauli 

Hanged for treson of Jon of Badenauh, 

Hanged als j^e Freselle, & in fie same stede, 

]7e erle of Ascetelle j^ei bed \)e same bede. 

Saue he was not drawen, Jjat poynt was forgyuea. 

Bot alle with schame slawen, Jjorgh treson jjerto dryuen. • 

Alias ! J^at jentille blode com to so ille fyne, 

& alle for falsnes jode to scheme's dede & pyne. 

& wele I vnderstode, jjat J7e kynj Robyn 

Ha^ dronken of ]?at blode j^e drink of Dan Waryn. 

H 3 Daa 



Edvrardtis Rex, 

Dan Waryn he les touncs }7at he held, 
With wrong he mad a res, & misberyng of scheld. 
Sijjen in to j^e forest he jede naked «& wode, 
Als a wilde beste, ete of j^c gres ))at stode. 
Jjus of Dan Waryn in his boke men rede, 
God jyf ]>& kyng Robyn, J^at alle his kynde so spede, 
Btus^&^ ° 5 Sir Robynet ])e Brus he durst nour^ abide, 
circa fit. J'at jjei mad him restus, bot in more & wod side. 

Towhile he mad yis trayne, & did vmwhile outrage, 
Cora Arthure of Bretayne, & asked his heritage. 
Holy Richemond schire he cleymed ]?at |?orgh right, 
Kyng Edward our sire him ansuerd fulle light. 
He had so light ansuere, ]?at Arthure tokc his leue, 
God schilde vs fro j^e werr«, ]7at non with olper greue. 
Whan Arthur was gon, Ipe kyng did alle a nofjer. 
He gaf it to Sir Jon, Sir Arthure's bro]:)er, 
Holdand of him in fe, als whilom was vsage, 
Of Sir Edward fre, & of alle his linage. 
j^e duke of Bretayn with fulle heuy chere 
Passed ouere agayn, fulle light ansuere had here. 

De comife 

De Thoma 
& Alexan- 
dro, fratri- 
bus Roberti 
Brus, & 

JN OW of kyng Robyn salle I jit speke more, 

& his brof)er ' Tomlyn, Thomas als it wore, 

& of Sir Alisandere, }>at me rewes sore, 

jjat hope com in skandere for dedes ]?ei did J)ore. 

Of arte he had pe raaistrie, he mad a coruen kyng 

In Cantebrige to J)e clergie, or his broj^er were kyng. 

'Site Thomas de Breus/or Tomlyn, Thomas, in the Fr. 


Edwardus Rex. 337 

Si]?en was neuer non of arte so jjat sped, 
Ne bifore bot on, jiat in Cantebrigge rcJ. 
Robert mad his fest, for lie was J)oie f'at tyme, 
& he sauh alle J^e gest, j?at wrote & mad j)is ryme. 
Sir Alisander was hie dene of Glascow, 
& his broj^er Thomas jed spiand ay bi throw. 
Where our Inglis men ware not in clerke habite, 
& Ron wild he spare, bot destroied also tite. 
}?orgh |?e kyng Robyn |7ei ^ede j^e Inglis to spie, 
Here now of \iex fyn j^ara com for Jjat folie. 

A SERGEANT of Galweye, his name was Makedowel, 
On Askwednesday, whan raesse was don ilk del, 
Sursante he j^am mette, als J)ei fro kirke cam, 
|7er way he J^am withsctte, smertly j^ore f'am nam. 
He did J)am fettre wcle, streilly & right hard, 
& sent jjam to Carlele vnto kyng Edward. 
|7e kyng wele paied was, he sette jiistise of lawe, 
Demed J)e Brus Thomas bo])e to hang & drawc. 
Sir Alisander ]>& same, & after j^er hangyng, 
Bojjc bi o name hede |?ara bad j^e kyng. 
f ])e pape Boniface wrote in his sexte boke, ^'o*^, bene. 

What clerke felle to haf grace, for what cas men him toke, 
Whilk clerke, for what trespas, where men snld him saue, 
& where he taken was, what habite on suld haue, 
& if he were atteynt, als thef |?orgh felonie. 
Of suilk Jje pape mas pleynt, & writes to fe clergie ; 
& if ]?e decretal ne were ordeynd for j?is, 
\e clerkes ouer alle ne rouht to do amys, 

h4 \q 

S3S Edwardus Bex, 

M". CCC- 

J^e date a jjousand was, jjre hundred & seuen, 
\)c clergie for }?at cas held jjam more in euen. 

Pariiaiiw-n- i5LFTER be Paske's wele bat bise men were bus schent, 

iiim apnd ' ' ' 

Carieie. jjg kyng at Carlclc held his parlement. 

Fro Rome a Cardinalle ])e pape l^ider sent, 

To wite ]>Q sothe alle ]>e mariage long of ment. 

If Jje prince mot haue J)e kynge's doubter of France, 

]>e acorde & pes mot saue Jjorgh )?at aliance, 

& at J7e parlement was a grete spekyng. 

For l^e clergie it ment of holy kirke's J^ing. 

Erics & barons, ilkone it forsuore, 

For what manere resons jit wot I no more, 

Bot of Jie last ende of |7er grete counsaile, 

To London suld \q sende men ]7at niyght auaile, 

To speke & purueie whilk suld ouer |?e se, 

j^e sothe to Philip seie, & sette a certeynte 

Of |)at raariage, how & whan suld be, 

& bate alle ojjer outrage, for Gascoyn do fcaute. 

Of alle ])e poyntes spoken j^e parties bifore had said, 

Neucr suld be broken on payne |?er on was laid. 

& whan ]?e parties wold mak a finalle pes, 

God grante it ]7am to hold ]>e con ant |?at \ie\. dies. 

DeRoberto 5 git gos kyng Robyn forth in his vioteric, 

inovtejo- Ne com not git his fyn to ende of his folic. 

\Vaieis. Bot Sir Jon de Walcis taken was in a pleyn, 

J)orgh spiyng of Norreis, men J?at were certeyn, 

Fettred on a hakeney, & to London led, 

lo bring him sone on wey, j^e justisejjerto sped. 


Edwardus Rex, ^39 

Als his dedes was, J)er on Jjei gaf ]>e lawe, 

For som of his trespas first J)ei did him drawe. 

SiJ^en for ojjer theft, J^ei hanged him men witen, 

SiJ^en lete him doun eft, & his hede of snyten, 

& born to London brigge fulle hie with outheys, 

Biside his bro|?er to bigge William j?e Waleys, 

j?at neuer had pite of Inglis man no weys, 

Bot brent toun & citez, kirkes & abbeys, 

Chanon, monk & frere alle passed j^orgli his suerd, 

Was no man so dere, to dede ])ei jede in ferd. 

Blissed be ))ou God, f>at jjou in erth cam, 

J?i word is wele trod, I say it, bi William. Exem- 


fou said, «' with suerd })at smote, with suerd suld besmyten," 
Bi ])e Waleis it bote, jje vengeance je may witen. 

A! Jhesu, fulle of myght, fiat alle \)e world salle deme, De morte 

May no man lyue so right, no so wele him ^eme, wardi. 

No so stalworth be, ne so douhti of dede, 

jjat has powere to fle ]?e dede j^at is to drede. 

Adam first gan synne, did jjat God forbede, 

Alle we were him inne, whan he serued J'e dede. 

Siben he & we alle com of him & Eue, Magni & parvi^ 

omnes & singuli, 

borgh be dede salle falle, be we neuer so leue. reges & principes, 

siiperbus & humi- 

be hardy kyng Bel yn be cite of Rome wan, I's. proth dolor! 

' praedam rapit omnia 

& si]?en Constantyn & Maximian. s'Haba quaedam. 

Arthure wan alle France, slouh j)e Emperour of 

])ise of suerd ne lance douted dynt no dome. 


510 Edwardus Rex, 

l^ise kynges men dred, & alle })e world jjara knewe, 
For alle \ex grete boldehed, ]>q dede jit doun j^am threwe. 
Where ere ' ere" now alle j^ise, where ere j^ei bicomen, 
J?ise Lardy men & wise ? ])e dede has alle Jjara nomen. 
Among alle J?ise hardie may Edward our kyng 
Be sette fulle solempnelie, & mad of grete praisyng. 
Sen \q dede of Arthure in Inloud was J^er non, 
J?at so wele stode in stoiire ageyn his foos ilkon. 
J»is was Edward, kyng Henry sonne \>e last, 
Tijjing haf we hard, j^e dede him doun has kast. 
Now may men sing & say, in romance & ryme, 
*' Edward is now away, right has lorn his tyme. 
*' Sir Jon of Badenauh, who salle venge ]>{ dede ? 
*' * jje prince is heire j^orgh lauh, })at to jje coroun him bedc. 
*' He has mad his vowe, to slroie j^e kyng Robyu, 
'* ]?at in Dunfres slowe Sir Joh J7e rede Comyn. 
His dede whan it felle here, ))e date I salle jow neucn, 
Moriebatur Of Cristc a bousand Tere, bre hundred & seuen, 

apud Burgh ^ A J r J 

bi sandes. Jq Jje monej? of July euen \ic. seuend day. 

Toward Scotlond to hie, at Burgh bi sandez he lay, 
His tyrae was no more sette here io rcgne in landes, 
He died at a hamelette, men calle it Burgh bisandcs. 

Ostensa est H jjc body jjat nyght ]>cx lay^ |?e soule at Criste's dome, 

paptE mors i i i • i o -n 

ejus eadem Jjc pape pc toper day Wist jt in pe courte of Rome. 

nocte per 

visionem. \e pape on pe morn bifor pe clergie cam, 
& teld })ara biforn, \e floure of Cristendara 

Dele. * Edward le fiz | Ke tenuz est par vowe, le 


Edwardus Rex, 341 

"Was dede, & lay on here, Edward of Inglond* 
He said with heuy chere ia spirit he it fond. 
Fiue jere he gaf pardoun, of peyns to be fre, 
J7at for him with deuocioun said pater & aue. 
To Waltham ])ei him brouht, baronage «& ]>e clergie. 
For raonethes for him wroulit liis seruise solempnelie. 
j?ei bawmid his body, tresore wild f)ei non spare, 
])e pouere J?ei gaf party, his soule bettere to fare. 
Four & tuenty jere, auht monethes & fiue daies, 
Noblie regned he here, bi profe & gode assaies. 
Fro Waltham beforsaid to Westmynster jjei him brouht, 
Biside his fadere is laid in a tourabe wele wrouht. 
Of marble is })e stone, & purtreied J?er he lies, 
fie soule to God is gone, to ]?e joye of paradis, Amen. 
% Now must I nede leue here, of Inglis forto write, 
I had no more matere of kynges lif in scrite. 
If I had haned more, blithly I wild haf writen. 
What tyme I left ]?is lore, |je day is for to witen, 
Idus |)at is of May left I to write j^is ryme, 
* B letter & Friday bi ix. J)at jere jede prime. 

' It should be D. 

The End of Langtoft's Chronicle. 



Tlie Certificat of Richarde Pollard and Thomas Moyle, 
esquyers, generall Surveyors of the King's Highnes Landes, 
made upon the Survey of the Lordships, Mannours, 
Landes, Tenementes, Woodes, Parkes, Fisshings, Waters, 
and other hereditaments, belonging to the late attainted 
Monasterie of Glastonburye, lying and ieyng in sondry 
Counties, hereafter specified, now in the King's handes, by 
the Attaincture of Richard Whiting, late Abbat of the 
same, of haute treson attainted. And according unto the 
vew therof by us in particular Bokes made doe declare, as 
hereafter doth ensue, videlicet. 

The State, Value and Condition of the sayde Landes, 
Woods, Waters, Games of Fesauntes, Games of Suannesy 
Heronsewes, and all other possessiom, as well Spiri- 
tuall as Temporall, apperteyning unto the saide late 
atteyned Monastery e q/ Glastonbury within 

The Countie of SOMERSETSHIRE. 


The Lordship of Glastonburye. 

Demaynes kept in theAbhaifs handes. 

nPHE Demaiiies whiche don apperteyne untcv^ 
the sa^yde late Monasterye attaynted, 
beyng allwayes kept in the handes and oc- 
cupation of the saide Abbat and Convent, 
unto the iyme of th'attaincture tlierof, over 
and besydes certayn other Demayne Landes, i 
letton to divers persons by Indenture for terme 
of thcire lyves, (the parcells vvherof in the 
particular Boke of Survey, at this present 
tyme therof made, severally don appere) ar of 
the yerely value of J 

Rentes ff Assise and Customary Tenannts. 

The Rente of Assise of the Freholders ap- 
perteyniiiguntothe saide LordeshipofGlaston- 

XLVII 11. 
xs. viiid. 



Survey of the Estates helonging 

burye, allwaj^s payable at the Feasts of th' I 
annunciation of oure Ladye, Mydsomer, Mi- jxxxv s. 
chelmas and Christmas, is of the yerely value \ yid. ob. 

The Rente of Customarye Tenannts and"j 
Copiholders apperteynyng unto the saide fccLxiili. 
Lordeship, with the Workes and Customes, >^ 

xi s. id. 

whiche they are bounde to doe by the tenure 1 05^ 
e Landes, is of the value of -^ 

xvs. vid. 

of thcire 

Demaynes left oute to Fermes. 

The Demaynes apperteynying unto the 
saide Lordship, beyina: lettto Ferme to dy vers 
persons, for terme of theire tyves, by the same 
late Abbat and Convent, long before his At- 
tayncture, with the herbage of the Parks of 
Norwood, xxvi. li. xiii. s. iiii. d. Wyrrall 
xvi. s. and Sharpham xl, s. are of the yerely / 
value of J 


, /XLlXll. 


Within the Parke \ 
of Norwood there 
are CLXxii. Acres of 
Woodde, of the age 
of XX. yeres, and 
heretofore have all- 
wayes ben used io 
be felde and solde 
every xvi. yeres 
every Acre thereof 
at this present Sur 
veye worth xxs. ^ 

Also within 
Parke of Wy 
Lx. Acres of 
Tymbre, estemed 
be worth 

Also within tlie"^ 
Parke of Sharpliam 


there are iiii. Acres 

Wood and Ti/mbre, 

\cLxxii. li. 
xs. vid. ^ 

xs. y 

n the^ 
rrall is / ^x 
ffayre j-cciiiixli. 
ned to I *^* 

vi d. 

Oute of 
the Cop- 
pices aad 
woods, of 
the sayde 
there may 
a yerely 
be made, 
/not hurt- 
1 yng nor 
I spoyllng 

XXX s. 


to Glastonbury Abbei/. 


©f Wood, well selt 
with Okesj Asshes 
and Maples, whiclie 
allweyes have ben 
used to be felled and 
solde every xiv. 
yeres, and every A- 
cre is worth at this 
present tyine vi s. 
viii d. 

Also within the" 
same Parke there 
ar cc. Okes fjtt 
for Tymber, every 
Oke esteraed to be 
worth ii s. -^ 

any of the 


or Under- 


but the 






to conty- 

newe as 



good as 
they ar 
now, to 


the value 



cccim. iL. 
li. ii. s. i (I. 

Northwood ParTis Wi/rrall and Sharpham. 

Northwood Parke con- 
teyrieth in circuite iiii. 
raylcs, the Pales well re- 
pay red, th' erbage verye 
good and swete, wherein 

Wyrrall Parke conteyn- 'I 
eth in Circuit one myle, 
and one quarter. ThePales 
have nede to be repay red, 
th'erbage very good and 
ferfyle, with a roning 
streme throwe the same. 

The Parke of Sharpham 
conteyneth in circuite ii. 
long niyles, of good Meade 
and Pitsture, with ii. fayre 
Pondes in the same, wher- 
ia are 







Survey of the Estates belonging 




Also there is apperteynyng unto the saide Lordeship" 
one fajre Common, call'd Glaslonburi/e Moore, the 
Pasture therof is very fertile, and in effect as good as 
Meade, wherin the Tenaunts doe common with theire 
Catall at all seasons of the yere, and it conteyneth in 

Able men to serve the King. 
Also there ben of Tennants and other able men, re- 
ciaunt and inhabiting within thePrecintte of the saide 
Lordeship, beying in redynes to serve the King's high 
Majestie, when so ever they shal be called upon, to the 
nombre of 

Also there are apperteyning unto the said Manor cer-T 
layne men called Bondemen, whose Bodeys and Goodcs ( .... 
are allwayes at the King's pleasure, as Lorde thereof,! 
to the nombre of ■* 

Perquisites of Courles. 
The Profits commyng of the Perquysites of the "l xviii. 
Courtes, with the Fynes of Landes, are this present 1-xviis. 
year, as appereth in the Boks of Accompts, J T'iii d. 

The Mannour of Mere. 

Te Scite of the Memo 

The Scite of the saide Manour ys of an auncyent 
Buyldyng, having a fayre large Hall, tli' one halfe 
wherof is covered with Leade, and th' other with 
Siate, with viii. fayre Chambers, a proper Chapell, 
withaKitchyn, Buttery and Pantrye, and all other 
Howscs of Office very necessary. Fynaliy, theHowseis 
fitt for a Man of Worship, but thayer thereof is not 
very holsome, savyng to suche as have contynued long 
therein, whereunto are apperteyning iii. fayre Or- 
churdes, well replenyshed with frutefuU Trees, with 
iiii. large Pondes in them conteyned, full of all maner 
of Fysshe, whiche is not here put in value, untill the 
King's Highnes pleasure therin be knowne. 



to Glastonburi/ AUbey, 


Customary Rents and Perquisites ef Courtes. 
Rent of Customarye Tenauntes 
iii d. q. and Perquisites of 
li. iii. s. viiid. apperteynyng 
allwayes payable 

f> VI. s. 
Courtes. viii. 
unto the saide Mannour 

at the Feastes of th'annunciation of our 
Lad ie and Saynt Michell th'archangel, are 
of the yerely value of 


Also there ys apperteynynj^unto thesayde " 
Manour on fysshyng, called the Mere^ 
whiche ys in circuite fyve Myles, and one 
Myle and an halfe brode, wherein are greate 
abundance of Pykes, Tenches, Roches and 
Yeles, and of divers other kindcs of Fisshcs, 
which hathe allwayes ben kept to the use 
of the House, and is worthe by the yere to 
be lett on to ferme 


Also to the sayde Lordeship there are ap- " 
perteynyng. ii. Woodes, wherof one ys 
called Styveley Wood, conteynyng fy\e 
Acres of th'age of xvi. yeres, every acre 
estemed to be worthe vi s. viii d. and the 
other called Westbye Wood, andcontayneth 
iiii. Acres of th' age of x. Yeres, at vi s. 
viii d. th' acre, whiche are not here put in 
value, for somoche as heretofore they have 
not ben used to be solde. 

Lxvii. 11. 
ixs. xi d. q. 

xxvi li. 
xiii s. 
iiii d. 


iiii. xiii I. 
iiis. iii d^ 



Games of Swanes. 
Also there ys a Game of Swannes apper- 
teynyng unto the same Water, whiche 
were allwayes belonging unto the sayde 
attainted Monastery of Glastonburye, and 
vewed upon the Survey to the nomber of 

xLi. Cow. 


Game ofHeronsewes. 

Also there were vewed at this present Sur 
vey certayne Heronsewes, whiche have all 
wayes used to brede there, to the norabre 

Yol. II. I 




348 Survey of the Estates belonging 

Game of Fesanntes. 
Semblablye in the sayde Woodes there 
■were founde at this present Survey diverse 
Fesants, whiche don alhvayes use to brede 


Able men to serve the King, 

Also there are of Tenaunts, and other "^ 
able men, recyante and inliabiting within I 
the sayde Lordeship, redye to serve the >xxx. 
King, when so ever they shall be called I 
UDon. to the nombre of J 


Also there are apperteynyng unto the 
sayde Manonr certayne Bondernen, Avhos 
Bodyes and Goodes are allwayes subject to ^xv. 
the King's pleasure, as Lorde thcrof, to the 
nombre of 

The Mannour of Weston. 

Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenauntes, 
The Rentes of Assise of tbe Freholders -j xx U 
and Costoinarye Tenaun<s, belonginj^ unto (iiiixiiii. 
the sayde Lordeship, payable at the l*eastes f iii s. vii d. 
afore sayde, are of the yerely valew of •' ^^• 

Perquysites of Courtes and Fynes. 

The Perquysites of the Courtes, there - 
kept twyse in ihe yere, with the La we dayes 
and Fynes, were answered this present 
yere to the King's Highnes, as appereth in 
the Bokes of Accomptes, 

Also there ys a Common there, called { 
"Weston Moore, and the Tennantes of this 1 
Lordeship, with theTenauntesof Chadsay, cxv. li 

maye dryue or praye from a Common, I Hi c. Acres viis. vd. 
called Rowyng Lake, unto Dower, and f ob. 

the King, as Lorde of thys Lordeship, 
shall have the Moytie of the Strayes, and 


xxi li. 
iii s. x d« 

to Qlastoriburij Ahbey 


Able men to serve the King. 
Also there are able men, inhabitants with- 
in the Precinct of the sayde Lordeship, be- 
yng in a redjnes to serve the King, when 
so ever they shal be called upon, to the 
nombre of 


Also there are within the sayde Lordeship 1 
certayne persons, called Bondemen, whose L^.j 
bodyesand goodes are allwayes at the King's I 
pleasure, to the nombre of ^ 

The Mannour of Wrington. 
Rentes of Assise and Cusiomary Tenaunles. 
The Rentes of Assize and Cnstomarye Te- "^ xx 
nauntes there, with theire Workes, whiche ( i'"ii v li. 
they are bounde unto by Tenure of theire fvi s. iiii d. 
Landes, are of the yerely valewe of J o^' <1- 

Perquisites of Courles and Fijnes. 
The Profites comyng of the Perquysites of 
the Courtes holder 
Lawe dayes and Fy; 
dite, was answer' 
Some of 

omyng of the Perquysites of -j 
en there, with the II. greate / ^j^.jjj j|^ 
Fynes of Landes at this An- i.,,;}; g yfj 
'd to the King, come to the I 

Wo odes. 
Also within the sayde Manour there are 
dy verse Woodcs growing, of dyvers Ages, 
as in tlie particular Boke of this Survey 
fully it doth appere, whiche are nowe 
wortheto besoldc cLxxix. li. vii s. vii d. 
whiche allwayes have ben used to be solde 
every xviii. yeres, owt of whiche Woodes 
there may a yerely Wood sale be made of J 

Able men to serve the King. 
Also within the sayde Lordship there be 

J ^_ :UL--. 

able men, beying all in a rednes to do the I 

Servyce, when so ever they shal be f ^^< 


called upon, to Ike nombre of 

cxxxviii II. 
xiiii s. xid. 
ob d. q. 


350 SwDcy of the Estates Monging 

the -J 

bje- >ii. 

des, I 

' Bondeman. 
Also there are within the circuite of the 
saide Lordeship * retayncBondemen, bey 
at the Kinge's Highnes pleasure, in su' 
ction and bondage both bodyes and goodes 
to the nombre of 

Also a Commone there, called Blacke-i 
moore and Warmeshaw, wberof the King / i. myle 
ys chief Lorde, and hathe the Profitts of f dim. 
the dry vyng there of, and conteyneth ^ 

The Mannour of Pylton. 
Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenanntes, 
The Rentes of Assise and Customary Ten- •» xx 
nants, with their Workes, whiche they are f iiii vi. li. 
boundetodoeby costonie of theirc Tenures, fxiii s, vi d. 
arc of the yerely value of -' ob. di. q. 

The Demaynes apperteynyng unto the-^ 
sayde Mannour, now letton owt by Inden- I 
ture for terme of ycres, with the herbage of Vxv li. 
( T.x s.| the Parke there, are of the yerely va- I 
lue of J 

Perguisites of Courles and Fi/nes. 
The Profitts ofCourtsandFynes of Landes, -J 
apperteynyng unto the sayde Manour, were I xix U. 
answered this yere, in the boke of Ac- ( xvs. viii d. 
comptes, to the somme of -^ 

Also within the Parke, and other Woodesi 
aboute the Manour, there are cxLvi. Acres | 
of Wood, the pryce of the Acre xx. s. | 
whiche all way es heretofore have ben used ^x s. 
to be feldeand solde. Owte of the whiche 
Wood there may a yerely Wood sale be 
made of J ob. di q. 

cxxi li. 
xix s. ii d. 

? Sic Apogr. * Sic Apogr, 


to Glastonbury Abbei/, 351 

The Parke. 

Deere of 7 

^Anntlott S k ^^ 

Deere o 

Deere of I ^^ L^" 

Rascall iccun.x. 

>f the-, 
3 shall f 

1:'he Parke tliere"" 


cuite iii. long 

mjles of goodde \rrrri whereof 

pasture, the Pales/ ' ther ar of 

in good case , 

■wherein are of ! 


Able men to serve the Kin^. 
Also there be "within the Precinct of the- 
Sayde Lordship able persons, to doe the J 
Servyce at all tymes, when so ever nede ; 
requyer the same, to the norabre of 

Also there be inhabiting within the sayde -^ 
Lordeship, certayn servyle and bonde per- I 
sons, totheKinge's pleasure in bodye and f^^"^"* 
goodes, to the nomber of J 

The Mannour of Godenhay. 
Bentes of Assise and ' Customary, 
The Rentes of certayne Custuraarye Te- "j 
hauntes there, whiche are lett by Copye, f .. . . 
and not by Indenture, are of the yerely va- I ^^" ^' ^' * 
lue of J 

Rentes and Fermes. 
The Scite of the sayde Manour, with the->| 
Demaynes and other Customary Landes I 
there, were letton owt by Indenture, for V-xl. li. 
terme of Lyves, and are of the yerely value I 
of J 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes. 
The Perquysites of Courtes, Fynes and"^ 
other Casualties were ansuered this year, as > xix s. x d. 
appereth in the Boke of accompts, 3 

Sic Apogr. 

1 3 Woodes. 

S52 SunvTj of the Estates belonging^ 

Also there are appertey ny ng unto thesarae j 
Mannour iiii. Woodes, called Erode Oke I 
Common, Godlej Moore Common, and I 
Blackwars Wood, and Keathe Moore Com- 1 
mon, wherein is vnoche fa^re Tymbre, and y-- jj^ 
hathe allwayes used to be felled and solde to 
the Tenannts there, and upo.' this Survey 
esteemed to be worthe to be solvl cLxii. 11. 
ix s. iii d. wherof there may ayere' y Wood- 1 xlv li 

sale be made of j xvii s. ixd. 

Also there is a Common belonging uhto^ 
the saide Mannore, called God ley "Moore I 
Common, wherof the Kinge's Highness is I 
chief Lorde, by th' anttaincture of the sayde V^* myles. 
late Monasterye, and the Deane of Wells j 
dothe entre Commyne there, and it cou- 
layneth I 

Abk 7nen to serve the King, 

Also there are inhabiting within the sayde "\ 
ordeship of Tennants, and other able per 

sons, at all ty mes in redynes, when so ever ; 

shall please th 

are in nombre 

Lordeship of Tennants, and other able per- I 

it Is 
shall please the King's Highnes, and they I 

Also there be recyaimte within the saide -i 
Lordeship certayne Bondemen, dependyng f . 
bothe Bodye and Goodes upon the King's f ** 
pleasure, whiche ar in nombre J 

The Mannour of Dultyng. 

Rentes of Assise and Custornarye Tenanntes, 
The Rentes of Assise and Custome there, T ,. 
with the Workes and Customes, whiche they ( ^^^. 
are bound unto by Teanure of they re Landes, f^^i" \ 
are of the yerely value of j . o . q. 


to Glastonbury Alibey. 


Rentes of Ftrmes, 


Manour, with the De- 

maynes apperteynyng 


unto the same, are let- 

XLvi li. 

tou owt by Indenture 

ix s. ix d. 

for J 

ob. q. 


Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes, 
Profittes com- 

>cxi s.iilid. 

rayngof the Perquysites 

of the Courts and Fynes, 

and other Casualties, are 

answered th is y ere in the MMDccLxiiii li 

Boke of Accompts j xs. viiid.ob.q.di. 

Ahle men to serve the King. 
Also there are apper- 
teyning unto the saide 
Manour of Tenanntes, 
and other able men, to 
the nomber of 

The Mannour of Badcombe. 

Rentes of Assise and Customary e Tenanntes. 

The Rentes of Assise* 
and Customary e Te- 
naunts,apperteynyngto | 
the saide Manour, pay- 
able at the Feastes of th' 
annunciation of our La- 
dye and Say net Mycha- 
ell th archangell, are of 
the yerely value of 

The Scite of the same 
Manour, with the De- 
may ne Landes, apper- 
teynyng unto the same, 
being lett out by Inden- 

XXV li. xi s. 
vi d. q. 

Rentes of Fermes. 

vi li. 
X d. q. 




Survey of the Estates belonging 

ture, for terme of jeres. 

xxxiiii li. 

are of tlie yerely value 

xvii s. vi. 

Perquisites of Couries and Fines. 

iThe Profitts com^ 

myng of tlie Coartes 

there, with Fynes of 

Landes and other Ca- \^^^' *' 
sualties, areofthe yere- " * 

ly value, as is answer- 

ed in the bokcs of ac- 

compts, of J 

Able men to serve the King. 

Also there are with-n 


in Ihe precincte of the 

iii. cxixli 

sayde Lordeship of able 

Yiii s. ix 

men, to doe the King 


di. q. 

servyce, to the nomber 


The Mannour of Melles. 

Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenanntes. 
The Rentes of Assise^ 
and Customary Te- 
nanntes there, appertey- 
ijyng unto the said Ma- 
Jiour, with the Wor" 
and Customes whiche 
they are bounde to doe 
by Tenure of there 
Landes, areofthe yere- 
ly value of 

xxxvii li. 
xviii s. 
iiii d. ob. 

The Scyte of 

Rentes and Fermes, 

aaide Manour, with the 
Demaynes apperteyn- 
yng unto the same, are 
letton by Indenture for 
the some of 

vi li. tI s. 
viii d. 

Lxxi li.TJiis, 
iii d. ob. 


to Glastonbury Abbey > 



lis ? 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes 
The Profittes of the Courtes, Fynes and other C;i- 
suallties, are answered io the King's Highness th 
yere at 

Able men to serve the King. 

Also there are of able menne belonging unto thel 
same, able to doe the King servyce, to the noraber of /"xxx 

Also there be within the sayde Lordeship certayne > . 

The Mannourof Budcleigh. 

xxvii li. 
iii s. iii d. 

Bondemen, to the norabre of 

The Rentes of Assise and Coppye holders belongeing -* 
unto the sayde Manour, with the Workes and Custoraes, f i^^^'^.lj' 
vvhiche they are bounde to doe by tenure of theire ( "* s.yma* 
Landes, are of the yerely value of 


Rentes of Fermes. 
TheScyte of the sayde Manour, with the DemayneT 
Landes apperteynyng unto the same, are of the yerely |-xili. 
value of J 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes ^ 
The Perquysites of the Courtes, Fynes, Herietts and T 
other Casualties, as appereth in the Boke of Accompts, j. y s. x A 


are worthe 

Also there ys a 
Woodde, called West- 


Wood, conteynyug iiii 
xiii. acres, well sett with 
Okes, Maples, and Ha- 
syll, of th' age of xx. 
yeres, every acre e- 
stemed to be worthe 
xiiis. iiiid. in all 



Oute of "^ 
the Cop- 

pices, and 


wodes, of 
the saide 
there may 
a yerely 
wood sale 
be made. 

Sic Apogr. iine tituVo. 



Survey of the Estates hehngini 


xvii li 
XV s. id, 

Also there is a 
Woodde ill the Co- 
moue conteynyng ii 
M'. acres, wellsettwith ^ 
Alders, Welhyes and 
Okes, whcrof the late , 
Abbat and Convent 1 
made a yerely Wood | 
sale, and are estemed | 
to be worthe J 

Also there ys aA 
Grove, called Butles- | 
beare, contaynyng xl. l^i- li 
Acres, wherein is moche ( 
fayre Tymbre, to the 1 
value of -^ 


-iiiixviii 11. 
xvs. id. 



not hurt- 
ing nor 
any of the 
lor under- 
/wood, but 
the saide 
to conty 
new as 
good as 
they are 
now, to 
the value of 

V ,. cli.ixs. 



Able men to serve the King. 
Also there are within the Precincte of tlie saydel 
Lordeship, certaine Tenanntes, and able men, to doe r^^"'* 
the Kinge servyce, to the nombre of J 

There be also certayne Bonde menne withm the same 1 
Lordeship, at the Kinge's pleasure, to the nombre of ^ xvii. 

Also there is a Common apperteynyng unto the said "| 
Manour, called AUermore, wherein the Coppie holders I 
of the same Lordeship have fre Common for their Ca- V-ii^niyles. 
tall, and are bounde to drive the same, and it conteyn- I 
eth in circuyte -^ 

The Mannour of Bastesborough. 

Rentes and Demai/nes. 
The Rentes of Assise, Customarye Tennantes, and' 
Demaynes, perteyning to the saide Manour, are of the 
yerely valew of 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes. 
TheProfitts of the Courts, Fynes, and other Casualties, 7 xxxiii li. 
as appereth in the Bokes of Accompts of this yere, are \ xvi s. iiid. 



.Lxiii s. cxxxviii 

'vi d. li, vii s. 

vii d. q. 

to Glastonbury Abbey 357 


Also there are ii. Woodes pertaynyng unto 
the sayde Manour, called Southvvoode and 

Northwoode, contaynyn^ viii. Acres, well 
sett with Okes, bothe olde and yong, whiche 
have allwayes ben used to be sold to the Te- 

naunts, worthe to be solde iiii. li. wherin 
there may be a yerely Wood sale be made of, 

Able men to serve the King, 

Also there are within the sayde Lordeship") 
certayne Tenanntes, and able persons to doe S xxiii. 
the King servyce, to the noraber of J 


Also there be within the same certayne-^ 
Bondemen, beyng in ' ervytude both of Bo- / jj^ 
dye and Goodes, at the King's pleasure, in f 
uorabre ■' 

The Mannour of Estpennard. 
Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenanntes. 

The Rentes of Assise and Coppeholders -\ 
apperteynyng unto the sayde Manour, with / , 
theire Workes and Customesjwhiche they are V ,* 
bound unto by Gustome of there holdyng, I ' ^* 
are of the yerely value of J 


The Demaynes apperteynyng unto theT 
saide Manour, beyng let out for terme of >xls. xxlL 

yeres, are of the yerely value of j ""• ^^ s. 

Perquisites of Couries and Fynes. 
The Perquisites of Courtes, Fines, and 1 
other Casualties, are worthe, as it doth ap- y^^^.. 
pere by the Boke of Accompts, J ^^' " 

ob. q. 

Sic Apogr. 


S58 Purvey of the Estates helongkg 

Able men to serve the King. 
There be also pciteynyng to the saidel 
Lordeship certayne able persons, to doe the >xxi 
King servyce, it" nede be, to the nombre of J 

Also there inhabite within the sayde") 
Lordeship cerlayne Bondemen, to the nom- V xi. 
brc of 3 

The Mannour of Dicheyat. 
The Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenauntes. 
The Rentes of Assise and Customary Te--* 
nanntes there, apperteynyng unto the sayde (lixII. 
Lordeship, with the Workes and Customes ^xiii d. ob. 
there unto due, are of the yerely value of J 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fi/nes. 
The Perquisites of the Courtes, with the l-jj ^j. ^xti li. 
Fynes and other Casualties^ were this jere >jj ^j * viii s. iiiii. 

answered to the King at J ' ob. ' ' 

Able men to serve the Kinge. 
Also there be within the Precincte of tbe"! 
saide Lordship cerlayne able persons, to doe >xxi 
the King servyccj to the ilombre of j 

lers, -^ 

with / xvii li. 

ime, I xxii d. q. 

The Mannour of Myddleton. 
The Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenannlts. 

The Rentes of Assise and Coppie holders, 
that apperteyne unto the sayde Manour, 
the W orkes and Customes due unto the same, 
are of the yerely value of 

The Deniaynes belonging unto the same *) . ^j . 
Lordeship, lett owt by Indenture for ternie \^^' 
of yeres, are of the yerely value of j * 

71 . . r r^ I 1-T xxvii li. 

Perquisites oj Lourtes and rynes. j^ g ^ ^^i 

The Perquysitcs of Courtes aud Fynes, ^ 
with other Casualties, aie of the yerely va- > liii H. ixd. 
iue ot 3 


to Glastonlury Ahbet/. 359 



"^' I XLi li. XS. 

to I 

J / ix li. 

J- ( xiiii s; 

^Z>/e men to serve the King. 
Also there are of Tenantes, and able per- 
sons to doe' Kingservyce, yfriede requyre, ^ viii. 
^o the norabre of 

The Mannour of Harae. 
Rentes of Assise and Cusiomary Tenannts. 
The Rentes of Assise and Copyeholders, 
that are perteynyng unto the sayde Manour, 
with the Workes and Customes, whiche \ 
Tenure of theire Lands they are bounde 
4oe, are of the yerely valne of 

The Scite of the same Manour, with the- 
Demaynes belonging thereunto, letton by 
Indenture for termeof yeres, are of the yere- 
ly value of 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fijnes. 
The Proffites coramyngof the ^ Perauy sites •\ Lxi li, 

of the Cowrtes and Fynes, were answered! ,. xiiii s.xd. 

this yere in the Boke of Accompts, to the f ^* '^* oh. 
Some of -' 

Able vien to serine the King. 
Also there are within the Precinct of the "t 
same Tenannts, and able persons, to the nom- V xri. 
bre of J 

The Mannour of Merkesburye and Hamsted. 
Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenanntes. 
The Rentes of Assise and Customary Te- • 
nanntes, apperteynyng unto the said Man- 
nor, with the Workes and Customes whiche 
by Tenure of theire Landes they are bounde 
to doe, are of the yerely value of 

The Demayne Landes belonging untothe^ ...,. ... 
same Manour, are letton oute by Indenture, f ^J'' '•^"' s* 
for terme of yeres, for the some of j ^ 

' Sic Apogr. ' Sic Apogr. 


XVI 11. 

iiii s. V d. 
ob, q. 


Survey of the Estates helonging 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes. 
The Profiftes comminff of the Perquysites ^ 
of Courtes, Fynes of Laiides, and other Ca- I iiii li. iiiis. 
sualties, are this yere answered in the Bokes [ vi d. 
of Accompts at J 

Able men to serine the King. 

Also there be within the same Lordeshipes ) xxxii li. 

able men, to doe the King servyce, to the V xvii. ii s. v d, 

iiombre of ) ob. q. 

IVoodes. ^ 

Also there are apperteynyng unto the saide | 
Mannor, certayne Woodes, called Haywood, 
Newoode and the Common, set witli Okes 1 
and Ashes of dy vers kyndes, th' Acres Avhere \ ^ ^ ^ 
of can not be estemed, for they «:rovve in ' ' ' 
Plotts, valued at this survey to be worth 
cvi li. xix s. viiid. whereof may be made a 
yerely Wood sale of J 


Also there is a Common, apperteynyng "j 
imto the sayde Lordeship, wherein the Te- (. 
nanntes may put in their Catle, at theire C '* 
pleasures, conteynyng J 

' Walton. Asshecote. Shapwyke. Withes. Greynton. Otherye. 
Myddelsoye. Berghes. Sowthbrcnt. Estbrent. Lymplcshin. 
Northlode. Bagberye. Nylonde. Clewer. 

The Manors of Strete in Rente of Assiss 
and Customarye Rente, Demaynes, Perquy- 
sites of Courtes and Fynes, i. li. viii s. x d. ob. 

Walton in Rentes of Assise, Customary 
Rent, Demaynes, Perquisites of Courtes and 
Fynes, xLviii. li.iiii s. iii d. ob. Asshecote in 
Rentes of Assise, Customary Rentes, De- 
maynes, Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes, 
xxxiiii. li. ii s. v d. Shapwyke in Rentes of 


' Sic Apogr. Sed Strete hic addi debuit. 


to Glasfoiibury Abbey. 


Assise, Customary Rentes, Demaynes, Pcr- 
quysites of Courtes and Fynes, 
xiiii. s. X. d. q. Withes in Rentes of Assise, 
Customarye Rentes, Demaynes, Perquysitts 
of Courtes and Fynes, xix. li. xvii s. iiiid. 
Greynton in Rentes of Assise, Customarye 
Rentes, Demaynes, Perquysites of Courtes and 
Fynes, xxvi. li. xviii d. Otherye in Rentes 
of Assise, Customarye Rentes, Perquysites of 

c u. 

Yiii LlX. 

xi s.iii 

ob. q. 


Courtes and Fynes, iiiixix li. v d. q. Myd- 
delsoy in Rentes of Assise, Customarye 
Rentes, Perquysites of Courtes and Fynes. 
cxxiiii li. xii s. iiii d. ob. q. Bernhes in 
Rentes of Assise, Customary Rente, Perquy- 
sites of Courtes and Fynes, Lxi li. ix s. iiob. 
South brent in Rente of Assise, Customary 
Rent, Perquysites of Courtes and Fynes, 
i>xxvi ii. xiii s. xd. East brent in Rentes of 
Assise, Customarye Rentes, Perquysites of 
Courtes and Fynes. cxiii li. vis. ii d. Lym- 
pleshin in Rentes of Assise,CustomaryeRente, 
Perquysites of Courtes and Fynes, i.xxvii li. 
ix s. vid. Northlode in Rentes of Assise, 
Customarye Rentes, Perquysites of Courtes 
and Fynes, xxxiiiili. xvis. xd. Baggebcre 
Tii li. vis. viiid. Nylondexiii li. xii s. I 
iiiid. Clewer xiiii s. ixd. are worthe by the i 
yere, as appereth by the Bokes of Accompts/ 
at this audite. 

Also there are reciannt and demouring, ^ 
■within the saide Lordeships, able persons to I c xx 
serve the Kinge's Highnes, when so ever the uii.iii.ix. 
shal be called upon, as in the particular Boke i 
of Survey at this present tyme made parti- J 
cularly appereth, in nombre 

Also within the circuite of the same 
certaine servyle and bonde persons, at 
Kinge's pleasure in Bod ye and Goodes 
the nombre of 

e are") ( 
t the I 
is, to j 




Survey of tine Estates belonging 


Seuynhamp tondenyce. Westpenard. Esterete. Weaster Monck- 
ton. Pedwell. Sowey. Sutton. Murelynch. 

The Manors of Seuynhamp tondenyce xix li. iii s. -^ 
id. Wcstpenarde cxxxli. xiiis. xd.ob. q. Eastre- i li 
ate xi li. i d. Weastmonckton Lxxix li. xii^d. and Ped- Iccxl. xvi s. 
well, So wye, Sutton and Lamporte xviiis. with tbe lob. q. di. 
Proffitts and Peiquy sites of Courtes and Fynes, are of J 
the yerely value of « 

Also there is a Comon belonging unto the saide Ma- I . 

nour of Westpennard, wherein the Tenanntes of all the • ^^ ™^ *^* 
saide Mannours doe enter comen, and is in circute 

Also there are Inhabitants, deinouring within the 
said Manours, beyng Tenanntes, and other able per- 
sons, beyng in redynes to serve the Kinge's Highnes, 
wlienso ever they shall be comaunded, to the nombre 

Also there are inhabiting certayne Bondemen within 1 
the same, whose Bodies and Goodes are allvvayes at the f xii. 
Kinge's pleasure, to the nombre of J 

Ilundredes . 

The Profitts corny ng of the Amerciamentes, F3'nes "^ 
of Trespaces, and other Casualties, of the Hundreds of 
Whitestone xii. li. Whiteleigh xvli. vs. viid. Glas- 
tonburye x li. xviis. vd. Brent, viii li. xx d. Wryng- ^ 
ton and Bucklande vii li. xiiii s. vd. were answered 
this ycre, as it appereth in the Bokes of Accompts, to 
the some of 

The Mannours of Camleigh, Nunney and Brode-wynsour. 

Rentes of Assise and Customarye Tenannts. 

The Rentes of x4ssiseapperteynyng un-. 
to the saide Manour, allwayes payable at 
the Feastes of the Annunciation of our 
Ladie and Saint Mychaell the Archangell, 
is of the yerely value of 

Tlie Rentes of the Customarye Te- -j 
naunis, and Coppie holders there, is of the I 
yerely value of J 

till ii. 
xix s. i d, 


xxiii d. 

Li li. 
iiii s. 

Lii li. 


to Glastonbury Ahbeyt 


es, *) 
of |: 

Perquisites of Courtes. 

The Perquysifes of Courtes and other Casimlties, 
as appereth in the Bokes of Accompts, are this yere of j-xvis. 
the yerely value of 



The Tithes of the Parsonaare of Weston 
was allwayes kept in the Abbalt's handes, to 
the use of the slide late Monasterye. Corne, 
Haye,Wooll, Lambe, Lenton Tythes, AU h^^^^* 1'- 
terage, and other small Tythes and Profitts, 
comyng and apperteynyng to the saide Par- 
sonage, are worthe by the yere 

The Parson'ge of Glastonbury semblea- 
blye was allwayes kept in the said Abbal's 
handes to the use of the said Monasterye. 
The Tythes of Corne, Haye, Wooll, Lambe, ^Lxxiili. 
Alterages, and other Profittcs, a|iperteynyng 
unto the said Parsonage, are worlhe by the 
yere towardes Charges 

Also the Tithes of Corne and Haye, ap 
perteynyrig unto the Parsonage of Doulting. 
beyng left out by Indenture for terrae 
yeres, is worthe by the yere 

Also the Tithes of Corne and Haye, ap 
perteynyng unto the Parsonage of Budcleig 
are letton to Elizabeth Adams, for terme 
her life, paying by the yere 

The Tithes of Corne and Haye, apper--\ 
teyny ng unto the Parsonage of Ba 1 1 esborough , I 
are letton to ferme, to the saide Elizabeth y. 
Adaraes, for terme of her life, paying by the 

Also the Tithes of Corne and Haye, ap- 
perteynyng unto the Parsonage of Eastbrent, 
are worth by the yere 

Also the Tithes of Corne and Haye, ap- 
perteynyng unto the Parsonage of Eastepe- 
narde, are worthe by the yere 

Vol. n. K 



xviii li, 
xiis s. 
iiii d. 

xii li. 

iiixv li. 
ills, iiii d. 

viii li. xs. 

xxiii li. 




Survey of the Estates belonging 

Also (he Tithes of Hayc, be 
longing unto the Parsonag 
and Mere xxii, are worthe 

ye, be-•^ 
lage of I 
i.xiiili. >^^ . ,. 
I bjthe\'"^-^^l»- 

cccLiiii It. 
xviii s. q^ 

Portions Tj/thes, 

Also there are ccrtayne Portions l 
of Tithes, belonging unto the sayde i 
late Monastery e, within the saide | 
■here, that is to say, Nylonde xx s. Y'mi li. t s. 
Button xiii. iiii d. the Tithes of 1 
Northwoode i.i s. viii d. to the I 
yerely value of i 


Also there are certayne Pen-^ 
sions, comyng out of the cer- 
taine Churches whithiri the saide 
Shere, apperteyning \into the saide 
late attayntcd Monastreye, and 
yerely payde unto (he same. That 
is to saye, Westmoncklon xxvi s. 
viii d. Murelynche viili. Shap- 
Wyke XX s, Badcombe xx s. Bud- 
cleighxxs. WringtonxL s. Dy- xxxii U. 
cheyatXLs. Doultying Liiis. iiiid. Vxvi s. 
Mells XX s. Barnehouse vi s. viiid. [viii d, 
Eastbrent xiiis. iiii d. Lyuiplesham 
xiiis. iiiid. HammeXLs. Wyns- 
combe xiii s. iiii. d. llchestcr vi s. 
viiid. Hovvnestert xiiis. iiiid. Cum- 
lerton xiii s. iiii d . My ddelton x s. 
Slrete lx s. Eastpcnnarde xiii s. 
iiiid. SoyeLiiis. iiiid. Kentles- 
worthe xx s. whiche are of the, 
yerely value of 

Proxies and Synods^ 

Also there are certayne Proxyes ] 
and Sy nodes perteyning unto the | 


to Glastonbury Ahhei}, 


saide late attajnted Monasterye, 
"whichewereallwayespaide unto 
th' archedeacon out of the 
Churches of Mere, Budcleigh, 
Strete, Shapwjke, Murelinche 
andSoje, to the yearly value of J 



Certayne Lands and Tene-x 
nientes, lying within the saide I 
Town of BristoU in the Coun- I 
lie of Glocester, whiche were \ 
onely to the Abbat's use, that is / 
to saye, iiii. small Tenements, | 
on square Close and a litle Gar- 1 
deyne, the Rente whereof is by / 
the yere. ^ vi li. yiiid. 

Also there are iiiscverall small ^ 
Tenements in the saide Towne I 
of Bristoll, whiche whereto the Cxx s.Tiiid. 
use of the Convent, and doe I 
reat by the yere J 



Also there is a yerely Pension -| 
comrayng out of the Cliurche of j 
Saint Michaell, withyn the I xxvi s. 
Towne of Bristoll, whiche all-rviiid. 
wayes was payde unto the late I 
attaynted Monasterye by yere J 

Also there is a yerely Pension -» 
comyng out of the Churche of j 
Puckelchurche, which was all- I 
wayes payde unto the saide late r 
attaynted Monasterie by the j 
yere J 


ixli. xviis. 

TJii d. 



SujDei/ of the Estates belonging 

The Countleof DEVONSHERE. 

The Mannour of Uplymc. 

Rentes . 

xxiii li. 
iii s^ i d. 

The Rentes of Customarye ^ 
Tenaiintes and Coppicholders, i 
apperteyning unto the saide | 
Manonr, with the Workes, y 
Customs, whiclie by tenure of j 
there Landes they are bounde I 
unto, are of theyerely value of J 

The Scite of the said Manour,^ 
with the Demaynes Landes, ap- 
perteynynof unto the same, be- . .... 
Ing lett out to Ferme by th Ab- ^"^''- ^""^- 
bat and Convent of the saide 
late attaynted Monastery e for 

Perquisites of Courtes and Ftjnca. 
Also the Perquysites of the.» 
Courtes, Fynes and other Casu- 
alties, with vis. vid. of Wood 
sales, were answered, as it ap- 
pereth in the Bokes of Accompts 
of this yere, to the some of 

vii li. 

xxxiii li. 



Also there is a Common ap-_ 
perteynyng unto the saide Ma-" 
nour, called Wolcombes Downe 
and Rolcombeshed, wherein all 
the Tenanntes have theire Com- 
mon for their shepe, and it con- 

Able menne to serve the Kint. 
Also thereare demouring with-1 
in the Circuiteiof saide Manonr | 

' SicApogr. 

to Glastonbury Abbey. 



cirtayne able persons redy to doe the Kingj^Bond- 
si^rvyce, when they ' called upon, to the | men 
iiombre of J x. 

The Mannour of Newton. 
The Scite of the house. 

The Scite of the saide House standeth on' 
a highe hill, just by a great ronning Ry ver in 
the valey. it is ofth' ancyen buylding, portly 
and strong, able and mete for a Knight to lye 
in. The Deniaynes belonging unto the same 
are of the yerely value of 

Rentes y Perquisites and Fijncs, 
The Rentes of Assise and Customarye Te- -^ 
nanntes, perteyning unto the saide Manour, / xx 
with xviii li. xs. iiii d. commyngof the Per- Viiiixiiii li. 
quisites of Courtes and Fynes, arc of the Ivid. 
yerely value of J 

Also there are perteynyng urjto the saidel 
Manour, divers Woodes, well set wi(h greatel 
Okes for Tymbre, greate Asshcs, underwood 1 
Avell growne, the Parcelles whereof in the I 
particular Boke of Survey ihere of, at this 
tyniemade, plainly don appereand be worth 
to be solde, out of whiche Woodes there 
may a yerely Woodsale be made of ; 

Able men to serve the King. 
Also there are demouring within the saide \ 
Manour, certaine able men, to doe the King \ xLiii. 
servyce, if nede require, to the noinber of J 

Also there is a Common perteynyng unto 
the same Manour, called Sturmyster Com- 
mon, wherin the Tenanntes have Common 
for theire Catall all tymes of the yere, and it 


cxvii li. 
vii s. ii d. 


MM acres. 

Sic Apogr. 



Survey of the Estates belonging 

The Countie of DORCETSHERE, 

The Mannour of Bucklonde. 
Rentes andDemai/nes, 
The Rentes of Assise"; 

txxiii li. 
iiii s. 
iiii d. ob. 

and Custoraarye Te- 
nauntes , apperteyning 
unto the sayde Manour, 
with XV li. comyng of 
the Demaynes, are of 
the yerely value of 

Perquisites of Courfes and Fj/ncs, 

The Profects com- -v 
mvn- of the Perquisites L-.y^^ ^-^^ 
ol the Cowrtes, f*ynes K^ ^ 

and other Casualties, are I 
of the yerely value of J 



Also there is 
perteynyng unto tue 
sayde Manour certayne 
Woodesj growing upon 
the Commons there, the 
Parcells wherof, in the 
foresaide particular 
Boke of Survey, plainly V 
doe apere, and be wortli 
at this present tyme to 


besolde, iiii. ii li. owt 
of whiche Wood there 
may a yerely Wood sale 
be made of 


iiii. il li. 

iii s. ix d. 




ii^. iiii. ob. 


Also there are vii. se-^ 
yerall Commons , be- J 




cccv II. 
xiis.iiii d. 

. to Glastmihury AWey. 569 

lonf^ing- unto <lie saydc 
Manour, called Monke 
wood hill, Dolye wood, 
Cosmore, Poplin^, 
Wykemarshe, Mylle- 
marsheandCastell wood, 
whiche doe contayne in 
all y 

Able meii to serve the Khis^. 
Also there are belonginsf unto thesayde) 
Manour, certayne able persons, allwayes re- > xxr, 
die to doe the King servyce, in nombre 3 

The Mannour of VVarnehall. 
Demaynes^ Rentes, and Perquysites of Courtes. 
The Demaynes viiili. viii s. iiii d. Rentes 
of Assise X s. Custoniarye Rentes xLvii li. 
xvii s. V d. ' a Perquysites of Courtes, with Lux li. v «, 
Fynes of Landes, XLix s. iiii d. apperteynyng f i d. 
unto the saide Manour are of the yerely va- 
lue of 


Also there areapperteynyng unto the saide | 

Manour, dy verse small Parcel Is of Wood, 1 

the Parceils wherof in the foresaid particular 1 ... 

Boke of Survey, at this tyrae fullye doe ap- > ^!!! "' 

pere, are worthe now to be solde cLxxiii li. | *"* ^' 

viii s. owte of whiche Woodes there may a I 
yerely Wood sale be made of J 

Also there is a Common, apperteynyng^ 

unto the sayde Manour, calkd iShortwood, r* -^ ,^„::t 

i 1 A- ^- ' \ ail. acres, r^xvii ii. 

conteynyng by estunation J 

A Quarrey of Stone, 
Also there is a fuire and a large Quarrey •% 
of Stone, and of agreate Depthe. TheStone i 
therof is Free Stone, and the Tenauntes lii li. 
have theire Stone there allwayes for theire I 
reparations, and therefore in value J 

' Sic Apogr. 

^ * Able 

370 Survey of the Estates belonging 

Alle men to serve the King, 
Also there are inhabiting in the said Ma- 1 
nour ccrtayne able men to doe the Kin^ Ser- ixxv, 
vyce, to the nomber of ' J 

Also there are in the Precinct of the said "j 
Manour, certayne Bonde menne, to the nora- I ix. 
ber of J 


The saide Ferme of Byndon, otherwise -j 
called Wynufonlo, wilhin ihp s:»yde Shyre of I xxtI Ji. 
Dorcet is let«on aife by Indenture, for ternie fxiiis. iliid. 
ofyeres, torthe sonieof J 

Parsonage and Pensions, 

Also within the saide Counti.' of Dorcet-" 
sheere, there is one Parsonage appropriat un- 
to Oic saide late Monasterye, called Sfunne- 
stnre ISewton x li. x s. And on Pension, corn- 
mine; owt of the Churche of Marnehull, xx s. 
and are of the yerely value of 

The Countie of BARKESHERE. 
The Mannour of Ashbury. 
Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenanntes, 
The Rentes of Assise and CuA 
stomarye Tenauntes there, apper- 1 
teyning unto the saide Manour, I xxx li. 
with the Workcs and Cnstomes, \ viii s. 
Tvhiche they are bounde unto by| vid.ob. 
the tenoure of theire Landcs, ys 
of the yerely value of J 

The Scite of the saide Manour 
with the Demayne Landes a 

xi li. 

3ttonfvnid. xvs.iid. 

le of J «h 


teyning unto the same, are letton (viiid. ^^Hi'^ xv s i d 
oute by Indenture for the some of J H^' " ' ^b. 


to Glastonbury Abbey, 371 


Also there is a Wood apper-- 
(eynyn^ unto the saide Manour, 
coiitejning by estiinacion. cc. 
Acres, beyng well sett with fayre 
Okes and Ashes, and is supposed ^ ., 
to ' worth now to be sold, ci.xiii / 
li. ixs. iid. The Underwooddes I 
whereof, being well enclosed, I 
when it is felled, wil be yereiy 1 
worthe J 

Able men to serve the King, 
Also there be demouring in the-x 
saide Maiiour, able persons to doc I 
the Kyng servyce, when soever \.xi. 
they shall be called upon, to the I 
nombre of J 

The Countie * WILTESHERE. 
The Mannour of Netletonne. 
Rentes of Assise and Customary e Tenanntes. 

\x\ li. ixs. 

The Rentes of Assise and Customarye Te- 
nanntes apperteynyng unto the saide Ma- 
nour, with the Woikes and Ciistonies wher 
unto they are bounde by Tenure of tlieire 
Laudes, are in value by the yere 

The Scite ofthe saide Manour, with ihe^ 
Demayne Landes apperteyning unto the>xli. vid. 
same, ys worthe by the yere. ) 

Perquisites of Coiirtcs and Fynes, 
The Perquisites of the Courtes, with the-* 
Fynes of Landes, were answered this yere, / iiiili. xs. xxxrii li. 
as appereth in the Bokes of Accompts, to fixd. viii d. 

the some of J 

' Sic Apogr. * Sic Apogr. 



Sui^ey of the Estates belofiging 

Also there is apperteynyng unto the saide 
Manour, on Wood, conteynyng by estima- 
tion xxiiii. Acres, with the shrubbed Oke in 
them, which is supposed now worth to be 
solde XX li. out of which e Woode there may 
a yerely ' Wood sail be made of 

Able men to serve the King. 
Also there be within the saide Manour, 1 
able persons, to serve the Kinge's Highnes, >xxv. 


when nede shall requyre, to the norabre 

The Mannour of Grefletonnes. 

xxviii li. 
*x s. vii d. 
ob. q. 

The Scite of the saide Manour with the 
Demaynes. cxviii s. Rent of Assise and 
Coppie holders xv U. xviii s. v d. ob. q. Per- 

?uisites of Courtes and Fynes, with other 
iasualties, vi U. xiiii s. ii d. are of the yerely 
value of 

Also there are reciant and demouring of-^ 
Tenanntes, and other able persons, within 
the saide Manour, beyng in redines, wlien 
soever they shall be premonyshed, to serve 
the Kinge's Highnes, whiche are in nom- 
bre of 

Also there are within the Precinct of the 
same Manour, certayne Bondemen, whose 
Bodies and Goodes, are allways at the Kinge's 
Highnes pleasure, to the nombre of 

The Mannour of Kyngtonne. 
J)emai/nes, Rentes, and Perquisites of Courtes. 
The Scite of the saide Manour, with the ^ 
Demaynes Lxvii s. viii d. Rentes of Assise Ixxxiiiili. 
and Customary Tenanntesxxiiii li. viii s. i d. Ixvi s. 
q. with the Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes, Iviid. q. 
vii li. X d. worthe by the yerc J 


Sic Apogr. 


to Glastonbury Abbey, 



Also there is a" 
Wood apperteynjng 
unto the sayde Ma- 
nour whiche conteyn- 
eth by estimation, 
ccc. Acres, the most 
part whereof standeth 
by scrubbed and lop- 
ped Okes, whiche are 
estemed to be worthe 
now to be sold 

Also the Tymbre^ 
in the saide Wood, ] 
that is to saye, the j 



greate Ockes, upon \x\\\.. 

the vew taken there- 1 
of is estemed 

to be 

/Oute of the" 
there may 
a yerely 
be made, 
nor spojl- 
ing any of z*' ^* 
or Under, 
but the said 
alwais to 
be as they 
are now, to 

thevalue of. 

xxxix li. 

xvi s. 
tU d. q« 

Able men to serxe the King, 

There be also demouring within the said-\ 
Manour, certayn able persons, allwayes in a I 
readines to doe the King service, when soe- Ixxv. 
yer they shall be called upon, to the nom- I 
bre of J 


Also there be within the circuite of the 
same Manour, certain Bondemen, bothe Bo- 
dies and Goodes at the King's pleasure, in 


The Mannour of Christ Malford. 

Etntes and Perquisites of Courtes, 

The Rentes of Assise and Customarye Te- 
nanntesxLviii li, xix s. v d. ob. q, di. with 
Fynes and Perquisites of Cowrtes xviii li. 
vii s. xd. are worthe by the yeie 

1 Lxvii li. 
>y\\ s. iii ( 
Job q. di. 



Sw-oei/ of the Estates belonging 


)»cc li. 


led I 
be I 



\ Oute of >^ 

there may 
a ye rely 
be made, 
not hurt, 
ing nor 
any of the 
or Under- 
but the 
to be in 
as good 
case as 
they are 
in nowe, 
to the va- 
y lue of 

jdble men to serve the King^ 
Also there be inhabiting and demouiing 
within the saide Manour, certayne able per 
sons, bejng allvvayes in a readines to doe 
King servyce, to the norabre of 

Also there are apperteyning unto the saide 
Manonr, certayne Bondemen, at the Kin<re 
Highnes pleasure, to the nombrcof 

The Mannour of Devercll Langebridge. 
Demaynes, Rentes^ Fynes and Perquisites of Coiiries. 
The Scife of the saide Manour, with the | 
Demaynes, ix li. vs. iiiid. Rentes of AssiseJ 

Also the Woodes,' 
appertey nyng unto the 
saide Manour, doe 
conteyne by estima- 
tion ccc. acres, where- 
in the Tenanntes have 
their Common, when 
they be not coppy'd, 
the most part there- 
of beyng Okes and 
greate Tymbre, the 
Underwoode where- 
of, with the Loppes of 
the said grete Okes, 
are supposed now to 
be worthe J 

Also the Tymber, -| 
whiche ys in the 
saide Wood, upon the 
vewe thereof ' takes, w I. 
is estemed and valued 
now worthe 

Lxxiii li."* 
vii s. iii d. 
ob. q. di. 

er- U 
the I 

Sic Apogr. *Sic in Apogr. sine numero. 


to Glastonbury Abdey. 


and Custoraarye Tenanntes Lviii li. viii s. ^Lxxili. 
ix d. di. q. with the Fynes and Perquisites ^xiii s. 
of Courtes Lxxix s. iii d. are worthe by the jiiii d. di 
yere yq- 


iiii li 

Also the Woodes, 
growing in certayne 
Places about the saide 
Manour, the Parcells 
whereof, in the par- 
ticular Boke of sur- 
vey, don appere, are 
worthe to be solde at 
this tyme 

Also the Tymber"> 
in the saide Wood, f 
upon the vewe there- \xxvii li. 
of taken, is estemed /iii. iiii d, 
and valued now I 
worthe to be solde >' 

cvii li. 
jii s. 
iiii d. 

^Oute ^ 

there may 
a yerely 
be made, 
hurte or 
spoyle of 
any Tym- 
bre or Un. 
but to be 
in as 
good case 
as they 
are in 
nowe to 
the value 

^ble men to serve the Kin^e. 
Also there are demouring within the saide • 
Manour certayne persons, botlie of Te- 
nanntes and ^ other, able to doe the King ser- 
vyce, when soever they shal be called upon, 
to the nombre of 

Also there are within the same, certayne- 
Bondemen, whose Bodies and Goodes are at 
tbe Kinge's Highnes pleasure, to the nom- 
bre of 

The Mannour of Easte Mockton. 

XL s. xiii s. 
iiii d. q. 

The Rentes of Customary Tenantes and j 
jppieholders, pertayny no^ unto the saideMa- 1 


Sic. Apogr. »SicApogr. 


376 Survet/ of the Estates belonging 

nour, -with the Workes and Cu- | 
stomes, whiche they are bounde ^'xvii Ii.iis* 
unto, by tenure of their Landes, I vi d. ob.q. 
ys of the yerely value of -* 


The Scite of the sayde Manoar, "I 

with the Demayues apperleyiiyng Ixfx 1. vi s. xxxvi li. 

unto the same, are of the yerely l viii d. ixs. lid. 

value of -* oJi-q- 

Jhfe men to serve the King 

Also there are inhabitins: with- 
in the said Manou 
naunts, and other able Persons 
ways redie, when soever they 
be called upon, to the nombre 

There be also within the same 
certayne Bonde men, beyng at the 
King's pleasure, bothe Bodie and 
Goodes, to the nombre of 

The Mannour of Wynterborne. 
Rentes and Demaynes, 
The Rentes of Assise xxi s. iiid.| 
Customarye Rentes xiiii li. iiii s. 
ix d. Demaynes xii li. x d. with 
the Workes and Customes, whiche 
they are bounde to doe by tenure 
of their Landes, are of the yerely 
value of 

babiting with--% 
ir, bothe Te- I 
!e Persons, all- >xxi. 
ever they shall i 
le nombre of J 


xxvii li. 
h\ s. X d. 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes 

The Profits comyng upon the^ 
Perquisites of the Courtes, with 
Fynes and other Casualties, arean- 
swer'd now to the Kinge's High- V xxii s 
nes this yere, as appereth in the | 
Boke of Accompts, to the some xxviii li. DLvii ii. 

of I viii s.xi d. ixs.x d. q. 

' AhU 

to Glastonbury Ahhey. 

Able men to serve the King. 

Also there are reciannt and de-^ 
mouring with in the saide Ma- I 
nour, bothe of Tenanntes and I 
other able persons, to doe the \xxiii. 
Kinge servyce, when so ever they j 
shai be called unpon to the nom- 1 
bre of J 

Also there are apperteynyng -» 
unto the saide Manour, certayne I 
Bondmen, at the King's pleasure Vi. 
bathe Bodyes and Goodes, to the I 
nomber of J 

The Mannour of Badbury. 
Rentes of Assise and Customary Tenanntes. 

The Rentes of Assise of the -» \ 

Freholders, apperteynyng unto / 
the saide Manour, are of the yere- f '^'^ 
ly value of J 

The Rentes of the Custoraarye ^ 
Tenanntes and Coppieholdcrs, 
apperteynyng unto the saide Ma- 
nour with the Workes and Cns- 


XV li. xi s. 
xd. ob. 

XVI li. 
iiii s X d. 

tomes, whiche they are bounde 
unto by tenure of theire Landes, 
are of the yerely value of 

The Scyte of the saide Manour-. 
of Badburye, with the Demaynes I xiili. iii s. xxxv li. 
apperteynyng unto the same, are | iiii d. xvii s. 

of the yerely value of J v d. ob. 

Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes, 
The Perquisites of the Courtes, - 
with the Fines and other Casual- 
ties belonging unto the saide Ma- I vii li.ix s. 
nour, were answered this yere in f iii d. 
the Bokes of Accomptes to the 

Dcr/ii Ir. 
XTi d. q» 



Suroey of the Estates Mongittg 

jihle men to serve the Kins^. 
Also there be of Ihe-Iiihabitantes, within 
the saide Manour, botli of Tenanntes and 
other persons, able to doe the King servyce, 
when they shal be called upon, to the nom- 
bre of 

There be also be1ongin£j unto the saide 
Manour certajne Bondcnien, to the noui 
ber of 


The M annour of Dommorhame. 
Rentes of Assise and Cuslomarye Tenanntes. 



The Rentes of Assise, apperteynynsf unto 
the saide Mannonr, allwayes paiable at th( 
Feaste of th' annnnciacion of our I adye and ^lv s. viid. 
SainctMichall th'archangell, are of the yere 
ly Value of 

The Rentes of the Customarye Tenanntes," 
and Coppieholders, apperteyiiyng unto the 
saide Manour, with the Workes and Cu- 
stomes, whirhe by tenure of there Landes 
they are bounde to doe, are of the yerely 
value of 

The Scite of the saide Mannour, with the 
Demayne Landes apperteynyng unto the 
same, let out to Ferme, for terme of yeres, 
for the some of 

Demaynes^ Perquisites, Couries and Fynes. 

The Proffittes commyngof the Perquisites 
of Couries, Fynos, Amerciamentes, and other 
(>asualties arysingof the same, were an&wered I xi. li. ix s. 
this yere unto Ih Kinge's Highnes, as it ap- fiiJi d. 
pereth in the Bokes of Accomptes this yere, 

JVoodes and Tymbers. 

Also thrre are dy 
vers Woodes, perley 
jnff unto the said Ma 


iiiix li. 
xixs. V. 

XLii li 

/•xiiii s. 

viii d. 


XV s.v d. 

Liiii li. 
ilii s. 



to Glastonbury AUbey. 


Hour, very well sp tt 
with Okes, Assbesand 
M'lples, the Parcells^ 
with the Acres wlier- 
of, in the particular 
Buke of survey, at this 
present tyme made, 
fully doe appere, 
whiche are esteined 
now worth to be sold, 
over and besides ihe 

Also the Tymbre^ 
growing and being 
within the saidc 
Woodes, whereof the 
noinbre of the Trees, 
with the several Prices 
in the foresiide parli- 
culare Boke of survey 
playnly doe appere, is 
estemed to tlie value 
of / 




DLV ll, 


rii d. 

Oufeof the 
the Tyra- 
ber and 
old wood, 
nor my- 
jpoyld nor 
hurt, but 
still to 
X s.\contynew 
as they are 
now, there 

lay a 
sale be 
thereof to 
the somme 
and value 


CLXYiii li. 
ri s. iii d. 

xxTi li. 


Games of Fesanntes. 

Also within the saide Woodes there were ^ 

founde, at this present survey, ii. eyes of Fe- / 

sanntes, whiche aliways her to fore have ben j 

used to bred there, "^ 

Able men to serve the King. 
Also there are Reciant and deruonring 
within the saide Lordeship, of the Tenanntes 
aperteynyng unto the same, allwayes being 
in a readynes, when so ever they shall be 
called upon to serve the King, to the nom- 
bre of ' 

The Mannour of Idmistonne. 
Hefites of Assise and Customary TenaiDites. 
The Rentes of Assise of the Freholtk rs, 1 ^^^... ^ ") 
apperteynyng unto the saide Manourof Ide- ?•. i * I 
myston, are of the ycrely value of J ' | 

Vol. IT. L 



Smnjcy of the Estates belonging 

TFie Rentes of CoppielioUlers ami Cn--\ 
sfomary Tenanntes, appending unto thesaide /^^jj ^j ^^ 
Manoiir, with the AVorkes and Customcs, Vj- ^j J^ 
wliiche they are bounde to doe by Tenure of 1 
tkeie Landes, are of the yearly value of J 

Demaynes^ Perquisites of Courtes and Fynes. 

The Scite of the saide Manour, with the "j -viiiH- 
Demaynes apperteynyng unto the saide Ma- r^iii s. 
nour, arc of the ycrely value of J "" '^• 

The Proffites comyng of the Perquysites-j 
of Courtes, Fynes and oilier Casualties, were I viii li. 
answered this yere unto the Kingc's Highnes ( vii s. 
to the some of ■' 

J'xviii Kv 
xixs. ob. 

xvii IL 
iiii d. 

Ahle vieti to serve the King. 
Also there are recyaniit and inhabiting 

■within the saide Manour of Tenanntes, and 
other able persons, beyng in a readines to 
snrve the Kinge's Highnes, when soever tliey 
slial be called upon, to the nombre of 


Also there are within the Precincte of the-* 
same Manour, certayne Bondmen, whose Bo- l^^m 
dies and Goodcs are at the Kinge's Highnes j 
pleasure, to the nombre of J 

The Parsonages of Dommerliamme, Marlone, Deverell 
The Tithes of Corneand Haie, apperteyn-. 
yngunto the Rcfctorye or Parsonage ''' ^ — 
merbam, within thesaide Countie or vv me- l^xviii li. 
shyre aforesuid, with otlier Tit 
same belonging, are of the yerely 

The Tithes of Corne and Haye, apper^ 
teyning unto the Chapel of Martonne, 
other Tithes to the same belonging and 
teyning, are of the yerely value of 

The Tithes ofS 
Corne, Haye, and j 

, apperteyn- - 
ige of Dom- I 
e of Wilte- L 
ithes to the ( 
7 value of J 

with / X h. xiu 
I per- j"iid. 


to Glastonbury Abi^- 


all other maner of 
Tithes, appertej'n- 
yng unto the Par- 
sonage of Deverall 
Langbriclije, with 
in thesaideCounte 
of Wilteshire, 
with certayne 
Glebe Landes un- 
to the same be- 
lonj^ing, are wor- 
the by the yere 



iiiixiiii Vi. 
xi s. vi d» 


[ XXTl S, 

fviii d. 

ALsothere is appertejnjnir nnto 
the saide late attaincled Monas- 
tcrye, aPencion, comrnyns: owte 
of the Churche of Deverell Lan^- 
bridare, within the saide Countie 
of Wilteshire, wliiche the Yicare 
of the saide Churche is bounde 
to pay, and ys of the yerely va- 
lue of y 



Also within the Citie of Lon-"^ 
don, there are certeyne Landes 
and Tenementes, now appcrteyn- 
ynif unto theKinjje's Highe Ma-lxxxili. 
jesiie, by Attaincture of the saide /xiis. vii d. 
late attainctcd Monasterie, whiche J 
were lot oute to dyvcrs persons/ 
there, for terme of yeres, to the/ 
yerely value of 

Also with in the saide €itie ot 
London, there are certaine other 
Tenementes and Gardynes, apper- 
tcyning nnto the Kiiio;e's Hijilincs, 
by reason of the saide Attaincture . , 
©f the same late Moisastcrye at- Z''""^* 

xxxiiii U. 



Sui^ei) of the Estates belonging 

taincted, whiclie were allwayes 
kepte in the Abbat's owne handes 
to the yerely value of 


yI s. viii d. 


The Mannour of Barslake. 

Rentes of Assise. 

The Rentes of Assise of the Freholders, | ^ 

apperteynyiig- unto the saideMaiiourof Barse- 
lake, allwayes piyable at the Feastes of th' 
annunciation of oure Ladye and Sainct Mi- 
cltaell tharchangell, as it dothe appeare in 
old terrours ther of made, are the yerely 
value of 

The Scite of the House and Demaynes. 
The Scite of thesaide Manour, withe the 
Demayne Landes apperteynyng thereunto, 
are letton owte by Indenture, for diverse 
yeres yei to come, and were answered this * ^^i" '^* 
yere unto the Kinge's most highe Majestic, 
as yt dothe appere in the Bokes of ac-' 
Gomptes, (o the some of 

xxiii li. 
Vi s. viii I. 


to Glastoiibury Addey. 


Some totall of all the foresaide Landes and Possessions, aswell 
Spiritual as Temporally oxer and besides olde Woodes and 
Tymbre, pertej/ning to th saide late 3Jonasterj/j in the Coun- 
ties of 



Jientes and "] , 
Fermes of Cop- j ^'^ 
pieholders. Cu- 
stomary Te- 
nanntes, Inden- 
ture holders and 
Demaynts J 

Perquisites of^ jj^ ^^^ 
Courtes, Fynes, v.-^ jj 

II. II. 
xxiiii li. 

iii s. xd. 

and other Casual- 
Pies J 

d. q' ob. 
Lsrvii li- 

vi d. 

ver and besydes 
olde Woodes, 
annis J 

Able nt'n, be-^ 
yng allwayes in I c 
(I redenes tn serve yix. x: 
the King's highe I vii. 
Majestie J 

Bondemen of ^ 
blood, whos Bo- I 
dies and Goodes )>ccxxvi 
are allwayes at I 
the King's plea-) 


' li. X s. 

viii d. 

ob. q. 




Pensions ■ 

Porcions of 

Proxies and Sy- 



li. viii 
s. ix d. 


yna; all- 
way i"s in 
to serve 
shall be 




>Rond- ^ 
men of 





uiito the 



late at- 





The totall 

vSomme of all 

the foresaide 



Rentes and 





die was 


certifyed un- 
to the King's 
most Ilighe 
Majestie, for 
the Tenth of 
the same late 
Mona terye, J 

s. nil 
d. ob. 


have in 

a rcadi" 





shall be 


upon to 






L 3 



Surmy of the Estates bdonging 




Jtentsa and 
Fermes of 
holders and 

of Couries, 
Fynes, other 
Casualties -' 

Yerely f^Vood^ xxx^ 
salts, over and I iiii li 
hesydes Tym- /vi s. 
her and old J x d. 
Wood, J 

Able men. 
beyng in a re- I CC 
dines to serve ,'xxxi 
tfie Kinge, 

Bondmen of 




li. xvi 
>d. q. 



Rentes and 


Fermes of 




Tennants, In- 

J>li. xs. 

denture hold- 

iii d. 

trs and Ue- 


Perquisites '' 

ef Court s. 

XXV li. 

Fines and c- 

^vix s. 

ther Casual- 



xwii li. 
\x\m. q. 

And so 
this sur- 
any im- 
ment, or 
any pe- 
ny, or 
of mo- 
then of 
tyme he 
don, ex- 
pere by 
of the 


ix. d. 

Thf Bay. ^ 
lyves and 
* Renes for 
the Colle- 
ction, and ^ 
gatlierynj^s r \ 
of the Mo- 
ney, and 
Rentes of 
the Tc- 
nanntes and 
t FremoursJ 


granted by 
the saide 
late Abbat 
of high 
Treason at- 
the Con- 
vent under 
theire seale 
for terme 
of theire 


1 Of Rentes 

I of Landes, 
out by the 
n ^saydeTray- 
» I tor and 
"j I Convent, 
I for lesse 
Rent then 
hereto fore 
J hath ben 

Ipaide, and 
decaies of 
I TeuannteE, 


* Sic. Apogr. + Sic Apogr. 


to Glastoniury Abbey. 


1 >cxx I c 

be- ii hit | iiiv. li 

Ixxiili. xiiii Sxii s. 
iin- j xiii s. li. ii s. iiii d. 

iiii cL 

over and 
sides olde 
Woodes, com- 
muni bus an- 

^ble men 



Personages ) x li. 
S xs. 

r X s. 

XX s. ) J 


Temporalties and Spiritualties, 


Rentes and ") 

,: ^ 

Fermesby [l^" \ 

yere ) 

Vix li. xvii s. 

Annuall 1 lxx- j' iiii d. 
Pencions by > vi s. { 
yere ) viii d. -' 




XXXV- ' 

Rentes and "^ 

iii li. 

Fertnes by ( 


Here r 


Perquisites ' ' 
ef Courtes \ 


xlviii li. 

>s. >xv s. ii d. 

Woodsales 1 


communi- > 


bus annis ) 

Able men to^ 

serve the C 



survey, I 1. 

as in the ( m. xx 

particu- J>iiii iiiiv 

larBokcs | li. vi s. 

therof viii d. q. 


it dothe I 

appere, J 

i > 


Boke of 

fyde by 
crs to 

J nes 



iii. cccxi 
'li. vii s. 
q. di. 

And " 
so this 


li. xii 

eth the j s. iiii 
Boke d. ob. 
of the I 

tenthe J 








Survey of the Estates helovging 

? vi H. 

S xiiii. 

vi s. 
vi d. 

Sxxxiii li.iiid. 

Perquisites of 
Wo odd sales 
biis annis ) 

^ble men ) 
to serve the > 
King ) 


Temporal ties. 

Rentes of ") 
eertayne Te, > xxxiiii li. xix s. iii d. 
nements there ) 



j4 31 an tier 
tailed Barls- S xxiii li. vi s. viii d. 

lake by yere 

Somme iotall of all the Woodes and Tymhre^ appertei/ning uni9 
the sa^yde attainted Monasterij of Glastonburj/, videlicetj in 

The Count ie o/SOMEflSET SHERE. 

JWoodes-^ccxxxu li. x s. vi d. ") dxl iii. li. "^ 
i. X s. ( vi d. 

Tymbre — cccx 1 

Woodes — Lxix s. 
Tymhre — vi li. - 



Tymlre ^^^^^^^ 


Woodes — XTA-i li. -■ — 
Tymbre — c li. 

> ix. li. ix. 

7 XX -1 

^ iiii.xix li. viis. viid. I CLXxix li 
I vii s. vii 

}. ,. ■ MM iiii 

CXLVl. li. L .... , 

r xiiii d. 

1 1 c 

xxxviii li. 


to Glastonlury Abhey. 


Woodes — Dcccxli XV. s. id. T xx. 

■) XX >Dccciiiix. 



Woode* — cii li. ix s. iiii d. — ") CLxii li. ix 

Tymbre — lx li. 3 iiii d. 

Woodes — DcccxIi xv. s 


iiii li. 

Woodes — cxL li. 7 

Tymhre — cclx li. ■ • j 

Woodes — Lxvi li. sis. s. viii d 
Tymbre — xl. li. 

The Countie of DORCETSHIRE 

cccc li. 

") cvi. li. xix 
^ s. viii d. 

Woodes — cc li. ■ 

Tymbre — CLxviii li.xiii s. iiii d. 


Woodes — Lxx li. 

Tymbre — xii li. — — 


' li. xiii s. 
iiii d. 


^ iiii. ii li. 

CLXX iii li. 


Woodes — cxLvi li.xiiii s. viiid. ] clx: 
lymbre — xxvi li. xiiis iiii d. J viii s. 
The Countie a/BARKESHERE. 

Woodes wUhin the saide Manour. cili ixs. iid. 
Tymbre wUhin the 

tame Mannore 

LX li. 

)- vixJ 

li. xvi d. 


111. OCC6 


CLxi. li, ix. s. ii d. 

The Countie of WILTES SHERE. 
Woodes — xvi li. 

Tymbre — iiii li. 


Woodes — c:iL li. 

Tymbre — xx li. 

XX Ii. 

CLX li. 


S88 Survey of the Estates belonging &c. 


Wooies — cviii li. xv s. 
Tywibre — cli ■ ■ ^ 

. ") ccviii li. 
■ 5 XV ». 




Wooden . — ; 

5""-^'--- :; ~0"s. iii 

e — xxvii 11. in s. im d. } 

. — Dxiiii li. xm s. v n. f ^ 
— DLV. li. xvi s. vii d. ( '^ 

M. LXX. li. 
X s. 

MDLXvi li. viii s. 
iiii d. 



Of the Hospital of 





Master of that Hospital. 

From a MS. in the Hands of THOMAS FEE WIN, 
of LiNCOLN*s-Inn, Esq; 

Dr. THOROTON's Antiquities of NOT- 
TINGHAxMSHIRE, Lond. 1677. fol. pag. 

rr^HE Moretons did found an Hospital in the uttermost edge 
-*• of the Parish [of i^artoort|) in jl9otting^am&ite] near 
3Bautrcg Town in |?or62jire, to which there is also a Chapel 
yet standing, wherein they of the Family have used to be buried, 
and amongst the rest there lies Katherin (daughter of John 
Soun, Esquire, by his first wife, and so) half sister of Gilbert 
Boun^ Sergeant at Law, who was widow of George Moj'eion, 
elder brother of the before named Robert \_Moretony[ who 
sold i^aiehjortl) [to Mr. William Saunderson^'] which George 
died long before the said Anthony \_Moreton'\ his father, 
[who paid in Queen Elizabeth'?, time 3 s. 4 d. for half a 
Knight's Fee in i^artoortlj, (sometime Henry BiseV^) and 
■wasted the Estate.] These Moretons bore Quarterly 
Gules and Ermine^ the first and last charged zcilh each a 
Goatees Head Erased Anr. 

( 391 ) 

To the most Reverend Father in God, 
Richard, by the " Devine Provi- 
dence of God now Lord Archbp. 
of Yorke, his Grace, Primate of 
England and ' MetropoHtane, 
John Slacke, Master of that poore 
Hospitall of Saint Mary Magda- 
len juxta Bawtrie^ wisheth all 
happiness and eternall blessed- 

J^ T was your Grace's speciall charge 
att Bawtrie, that I should make 
a Booke, and therin sett down^ 
the true state of that Hospitall, viz. 

1. Who was the Founder ^ 

2. For whome it was founded ? 

3. What Maintenance doth belonge thereunto F 

Sic. *Sic. 

4. Who 

89% Account of the Hospital of 

4. Who is Patron thereof? 

5. HoWi and by whome, it was passed as a CoiU 
cealment, atid given to Hugh Millar, Foot-man to 
the late 2iiee?ie Elizabeth of famous memory ^ ands0 
passed under the Great SealeP 

6. How, and by whome, it was reversed, uppon 
a solemne hearinge in thexchecquer, uppon ' aincient 
Evidences and good Testemony, before the Lord Bur- 
ley then Lord Treasurer^ and the Barrons there, 
by the vieanes of ^ John, late Archbyshop of YorkCy 
and John Cooper, then Master, and Predecessor, 6e- 

fore mcs of that Hospital ? 

It was decreed, that the Graunt from the late 
Q>ueene Elizabeth to her servant, Hugh Myller, 
should be reversed, and allso it was dec?red, that 
that Hospitall should continue as in former tyme, 
as more at large may, a?id doth, appeai^e by the 
said Decree, exajnined by Thomas Fanshaw, her 
Majestic* s Remembrancer in thexchecquer. 

Yet after the death of Mr. Cooper, my Prede- 
cessor, it plesed the Lord Archbyshop * Tobie, to col- 
late that Hospitall on vie John Slacke, but was re- 
sisted in the Possession by Thomas Robinson, Tho- 
mas SJiorte, Jolrn Noble, John Bradley, with others, 
who Jiad for?nerly coinbyned with James Brewster, 
late Master there, but was deprived from that Ho- 
spitall, in regard of Combination and Concealement. 
I repayred to Mr. Houlder, Prebend of Suthwell 

* Sic. » John Piers. J Tobie MattheWr 


St. Mary Magd. near Bautre. 
snd Executor to Mr. Cooper, ivith -wliome I found 
out these Pleadings and the Decree ; and some from 
Anthony Mortm, Esq;. Thereuppon I exhibited a 
Bill against those, who apposed me in the * Pocession, 
and, uppon a Motion^ repeatinge the Decree, for- 
merly made at the hearmge in thexchecquer, there 
zvas granted a Suhpcena, to cause them to shew good 
cause, why the Possessiotis and Decree, formerly made 
and established, should not continue. And, upon 
theire Answer, in HiUarie terme, octavo Jacobi, 
in thexchequer Chamber, by Sir Laurence Tanjield 
Lord chief e Barron, and the rest of the Barrons, it 
was there decreed againe, that the former Decree 
should stand, ajid is &i^dered, that both my selfe, 
and my Successors there after me, should quietly en., 
joy the same; a?^for that purpose the Courtegraunted 
an Injunction against any that should molest me. 
Lastly, the Court e did enjoyne the Auditor and Re- 
(.eiver far Yorkeshiere, to pay unto me such Pen- 
tions, as were arreared and stayed in his hands, as^ 
by the said Decree, entred into tlus Booke, it doth 
appear e. So that this Booke may give both Dire- 
ctions and Instructions, * of any Ques ' ion shoiUd here- 
after arise concerninge the Premisses. And thus I 
take my have from Cantley the 1 V^ of August 1 635. 
At your Grace's Command 
Job. Slacke. 




( 394 } 

Concerninge the Founder. 

T doth appeare to be Robert Morton of 
Bawtrie, Esqr. who founded the Chap- 
pell, the Mansion-Howse for the Mais- 
ter of that Hospitall, with other Ilowses 
r^ as a Barne of fower Bayes, a Stable, a 
Dove-coate, and a Gate-howse, but most of them ruin- 
ated, defaced, and pulled downe, and carried away, by 
Thomas Robinson, Thomas Short, and the rest, who 
combyned in the Concealement. 

That there belongeth to the said Hospitall, wherein 
it standeth, a Close, all&o a Close-More in Scatworth 
carr, called Preist-Close, one other Close, called Lane- 
end-Close, with 15 Roods of Meddow in Scroobie Med- 
dowes, alt which were the Gift of the Founder. 

It doth, moreover, appeare, that this Roberte Mor- 
ton gave unto the Prior and ' Coment of St. Oswauld 
250 1. who, to gratifie that Gift, gave unto the Master 
of St. Marie Magdalen, then founded by Roberte Mor- 
ton, eight Markcs, as appereth by the Indenture of the 

* L. Convent, 


Account of the Hospital of &c. 395 

said Prior, made in the time of Thomas ' Lord Arch- 
bjshopp of Yorke, in Anno Dom, 1390. The Coppy 
of that * Inventory followeth thus : 

%£10C 3I'^''^^^^'^^> facta inter venerahilem dominum 
S( patrem, dominum Thomam^ Dei gratia Archiepisco- 
pum Eborum, ^ primiat'' fdes legatum^ ex una parte, &( 
* religeosos virosy Adam priorem Sancti Oswaldi de No- 
stell, i^ ejusdem loci content mn, ex altera pai^tCy ' ^Z- 
ftatOC, quod, cum iidem prior &;■ conventus^ per quoddam 
scriptum suuni Indentatum, dedtrunt Sf concesserunt 
Boberto, ^ Capellavo cujusdam ' cantare in Capelli Sancti 
Marice. Magdelence juxta Baxstrie^ vocata \z »»pittl0, 
8f successorihus suis, " capclanis ejusdem * cantare y quce 
quidam cantaria est de patronatu dicti domini archie- 
piscopiy ut de '° xire ecclesice suce Sancti Petri Eborum, 
quendam " annaleni redditum octo Mercarum, perci- 
piend. secundum moduni Sf formam scripti '* eodem prio- 
ris Sf conventus inde factiy cujus tenor sequitur in heec 
verba : 

" Universis Sanctce Matris ecclesi'ce, ad quos prcesen' 
" tes litterce pervenerint, Adam prior Sancti Oswaldi 
*' de Nostelly Ordinis Sancti Augustini Eborum Dioce- 
** sis^ K ejusdem loci conventus, salutem in Domino 
*' sempiiernam. Noveritis, nos, unanimi assensu Sf 
" consensu totius *' Capitate nostri, '* medietis licentia do- 
*^ mini Regis, pro ducentis Sf quadraginta libris, ** quos 
*' Robertus Morton, in magna necessitate nostro, in re- 

' Thomas Arundel. * L. Indenture. ' Y.primitivoejidei lega. 
turn, nisi malis, primitivce sedes legatum. 4 L. religiosis. sh. tes. 
tatur. (>h.capellano. iL.cantariceinCapellaSancta. ^L.Ca. 
pellanis. ^h. cantarice, quce quidem. '°L. Jure. "Sic. '*F. 
ejusdem. ^i h, Capituli. '*F. mediante. ^ih.quas. 

Vol.11. M 'Ueva^ 

396 Account of the Hospital of 

*' letiationem domus nostrce prcedictce, nobis dederit S; 
*^ charitatem contulerit ; dedisse, concessisse^ Sf hoc prce' 
'^ senti scripto nostra Tndentato confirmasse Roberto, Ca- 
'' pellano ejusde7n cantarice in capella Sanctx Marias 
" MagdalenoE juxta Bawtri/y vocata le »ipittle, Sf sue- 
*' cessoribus suis, capellatiis ejusdem Cantarice^ imperpe' 
" tuum ' querendam annualem reditum octo marcarum, 
** percipiend. de dome nostra predicta ad tenninos Puri- 
'^Jicatioms beatce Marice, 8f Nativitatis Sancti Johan- 
" nis BaptistcBj per cequales portiones solvend. dicta Ro- 
** berto Capcllano, Sf successoribus suis, * Capelanis can- 
*• tarice prcedictce singulis, apud prosdictam capellam, w- 
*' catam l0 Spittle, in forma prcedicta, in ' augmenta' 
" tione sustentatione dicti Capellani, &! successorum suo- 
'' rum, capellanorum cantarice prcedictce, divina in ca- 
** pella prcedicta, pro salutari statu dicti Roberti Mor- 
*' ton, Sf * Johanna consortis suce, dum vixerint, ac pro 
** * omnibus eorundem Roberti 8^ Johannce cum ab hac 
*' luce migraverint, nee non pro ^ omnibus pairem, ma- 
" trem, parentum Sf benefactorum eorundem, imperpe^ 
** tuum celebraturorum ; Sf si contingat, dictum ' ama- 
** bulem redditum ad aliquem terminum prcenotatum de 
•* • aretco esse in parte, vel in toto, quod tunc ibidem liceat 
" prcedicta Roberto ' capelavo, Sf successoribus '° capellavis 
** cantarice predicice, in placiis Sf maneriis " nostras de 

" trare, Sf in eisdem '* dlstinguere, Sf '' districtionis ab- 
'* ducere, ^*fagare,reterere, quousque eidem Roberto Ca- 

* F. quendam. * L. Capellanis. J F. ^ugmentationem su$. 
tentationis. *Ij. Johannce. sF. animabus. (>F. animabus pa^ 
trum Sf matrum, &c. 7 L. annualem. ^ F. a retro, id est, arre. 
ragioyelarrieragio. ^Jj.capellano. *°L.capellanis. "L.nos- 
tris. " F. distringere. ^¥. districtiones. '* Y.fugare Sf /e- 
nere, vel fugare Sf retinere, 

** pellano f. 

St, Mary Magd. near Baiitre. 397 

*' pellano, vel successoribus suis ' capellavis cantarice proB' 
*' dictaSf de prcedictorum reddituum * arereagiis ejusdem 
** plenarie fuerint ' sutosfat. In cujus rei testimonium kuic 
" prcesenti scripto meo sigillum commune capituli nostri 
*' * exposuimus. Dat. in domo capitulari Sancti Oswal- 
*' di, prima die Octobris, anno Domini 1390. ^ anno 
*' regni Regis Richardi secundi post conqucestum Au' 
' ' glicB xiiii°. 

Et quod si contingat, dictum ' annalem redditum, post 
aliquem terminumy in prcedicto * teneri cowoentum, per 
duos ' mensis a retro esse in parte tel in toto, tunc prce- 
dicti prior Sf convent us, Sf successor es sui, * tenente 8f 
obligente dicto domino Archiepiscopo, 8f successoribus 
suis, 5 quotiens in quadraginta solidos '° starlingos, quo' 
tiens praedictum annualem redditum post " aliquam ter-* 
minum per duos menses in forma prcedicta a '* certo esse 
" contingerit, solvend. eidem Domino Archiepiscopo Sf 
successoribus apud »)CCOObl0 ; in cujus rei testimonium 
uni parti hujus Indentures, penes prcefatum Dominum 
Archie piscopum remanenti, '* altri' prior 8^ conventus 
sigillum commune capituli sui apposuerunt, alteri vero 
" parte, pen^s '* dictas priorem Sf conventum remanen- 
ti, idem dominus Archiepiscopus sigillum suum apposuit. 
Dat. apud Sanctum " Oswaldi '* prcedicto quarto die 
Octobris, anno Domini 1390. Sf anno regni regis Ri- 
chardi secundi post conqucestum Anglice xiiii°. 

The Abbey of St. Oswald beinge '' supressed, and 
the Revenues comeinge to the Kinge, this Pen- 
sion of V li. vi s. viii d. is continually paid by 
the Auditor and Receiver of Yorkshiere. 

' L. capellanis. * Sic. ^ F. satisfacturi. 4 F. apposuimus. 
J Sic. 6F. tenore. 'L. menses. ^¥. tenentur 4' ohligantur. 
9 F. totiens. »° F. sterlingos. " L. aliquem. " F. retro. 
*5 L. contigerit. '^ Vox haec deteiida esse videtur. ^s L. parti. 
»6 L. dictot. '' L. Oswaldum. »8 jr. prcedictum, '9 Sic. 
M, 2 And 

398 Account of the Hospifal of 

And there is xxvi s. viii d. to he paid unto the Hospt- 
tall by the Lord Archbishop for the tynie beinge, as ap- 
pearethe by an Abstract of tlie Letters Pattents, which 
Robert late Archbishop of Yorke purchassed from King 
Edward thesixt, concerning theMannor of »iCC00ti^, with 
Ihappurtenances, by meanes of which Purchase the Lord 
Archbisliop of Yorke holdetli the same Manor ; In which 
Purchase the Lord Archbishop doth take upon him, and 
for this, who shall hold the same Mannor after him, to 
discharge the saide Kinge of these Purchasses, which, att 
the day of the Purchase, they were charged with, and 
payed the same. 

The Letters Pattents beare date the 27*** of May, art- 
no sepiimo Edwardi sexli, as appeareth upon Record in 
the Rolls, as there enrolled. 

" PriEterquam de ' sumo, ndbis, heredibus, successori- 
" bus, superius per proesens * reservato, ac pro ^ termini' 
" bus de demissionibus &> coticessionibus de prcemissis pro 
*• termino vitte vel * anorum facta, super quibus anil- 
*' quus redditus vel plus resertatur, ac prceterquam de 
*' viginti sex solidis &^ octo denariis, * annatim solutis 
*' magistro hospitalis beatce Alurice juxta Bawtrie^ pro 
*' redditus resoluiione, exeuntis de certis terris in clau- 
*' sura infui palacium in campo, sire wareno, tocato 

*' ^Iiimme field* 

Which seemes to be Clay-pitt Close, now in the oc- 
cupation of John Clarke. If it might please your 
Grace, I could rather wish the Ground then the 
Pension, which would be very commodious to 
the Hospitall. 

' F. summu. * F. reservata. JSic. 4 L. annorum. 5 Sic. 


St. Mari/ Magd. near BaiUre. 399 

Seco77dlj/, for what poore ? 
I find it was founded for two poore Widdowes, and 
such are to be placed successively, and there is given, 
by your Grace's Directions, to either of them xx ^. 

Thirdly, all the Profdls cominge to the Master^ both 
by Pensions and Rents, are xiiii 1. x s. 

Fourthly, the Patron of the HospHall is the Lord 
Archbishop of Yorke, for the time beinge, and sede vn- 
cante the Kinge. 

I find a BUI of Remembrance in these Words : 

" '^tjiSf BfU made t!ie xii^'^. day of July, awio xix". 
" Henrici octavi, Wiitm^iStt^ me William Hollgill to 
*• have received of the right worshipfull Maister Barra, 
•* Prebend of Suthwell, the day of these presents, vir. 
*' Pieces of Evidences sealed, concerninge the Chappell 
*' of St. Marie Magdalen of Bawtrie, to the use and be- 
" hoofe of the Incumbent of the same Chappell that now 
*' is, bis and his successors. In witnesse whereof I the said 
" William Hollgill have sett my Seale, and subscribed 
** ray Name, the day and yeare above written. 

Butt where this Hollgill dyed, or what became of 
these Evidences, it cannot be knowne, which is a great 
Wound and Hurt to that Hospitall. 

The Certificate of Sir John Markeham, Kiiight, AVil- 
liam Cooper, Nichollas Powtrel!, Esquiers, and John 
Wiseman, Gent. Commissioners of o\ir Soveraigne Lord 
the King iu the County of Nottingham, for the sur- 
vayinge of all Chauntries, Hospitalls, Colleges, Free 
Chappells, Fraternities, Brotherhoods, Guilds and Sal- 
laryes of stipendarye Priests, within the said County, ac- 
M 3 cordinoe 

400 Account qf (he Hospital of 

cordinge to cerfaine Articles, hereunder written, by the 
vertue of the King's Majestie's Commissioner to them di- 
rected, Dated the xiiii"'. day of February, in the 
xxxvii'*'. yeare of the Raigne of our said most dread So- 
veraigne Lord, Henry the eight, by the Grace of God 
of England, France and ^ lerland King, Defender of the 
Faith, and in Earth, under God, of the Church of Eng- 
land and lerland the suprearae Head, amongst other 
things, is contayned as followeth. 

*' The parrishe of Harzsorthe. 

** The Hospitall of Mary Magdalen juxta Bawtrie, 
" founded by one Robert Morton for a Priest, there io 
" be resident, and to keepe Hospitalitie for poore Peo- 
^' pie, to pray for the Founder's Soule and all Christian 
" Soules, as the Deputye of the Incumbent saith uppon 
" his Oathe, without any Writings shewed to the Com- 
** missioners. 

In the Booke of the tenthe ' xii s. viii d. 

In the King's Bookes — viii li. per an. — xiii s. iiii d. 
-paid to the Priest, with vi li. xiii s. iiii d. received aswell 
out of the King's Revenewes, as out of the late surren- 
dred Monasterie of St. Oswald cvis. 8d. as out of the 
Lordshipp of Scrooby xxvi s. viii d. which Revenewes 
have beene imployed to the use of Richard Pigott, Cha- 
•pliene to Kinge Henry the eight, savinge that he did 
give to a Preist xiiis. iiiid. to say masse there two dayes 
in the Weeke. 

And it hath * with 2 Closes and a Mancion rented be- 
fore att XL s. by the yeare. 

Sic. a Sic. 


St. Mary Magd. near B autre. 401 

The Names of some Jrchbi/shops, who have beene 
Patrons, and whom they have 'presented to the 

Johannes Romanus collated, Tho. Langtofte. 

William Melton Adam Usflet. 

William Booth Thomas Wirell. 

Cristofer Bainbridge John Hawkyns. 

Thomas Woolcey Richard Pigott. 

Roberta Holgate ' William Claybrowghe, 

sacrce theologice professori. 

Edwin Sands James Brewster, who 

combined with Robinson, Short, and Noble to 
subvert the Hospitall, and, uppon false Information, 
it was passed as a Concealement, and thereupon 
he was deprived. 

John Pierce John Cooper, and in 

both theire names was the suit commenced and 

Tobie Mathew ■ John Slacke, who was 

kept out of the ' Pocession of the Hospitall, by 
whose meanes the old Decree is established, and 
Possession granted to him and his Successors. 
Now by xvhose meanes the Hospitall was inform- 
ed to be a Concealement, and so passed under 
the Great Scale of England. 
All these, that are here sett downe, did combyne in 
that Action ; 

James Brewster, (then Maister of that Hospitall,) Tho- 
mas Robinson, Thomas Short, John Noble, as appear- 

' Sic. 
M 4: eth 

40^ Account of the Hospital of 

etli upon tTieire Confession before the Higlie Coramis^ 
sionejs att Yorke. 

A Coppj/e of the Warrant from the Commissioners, 
to attach James Brewster^ Tho. Short, Thomas 
Bobinson, and others, for profai/ninge and ruinat- 
inge the Ilowse and Chappell of the Hospitall, 

" CUEtera^ We are crediblie enfourmed, that diverse 
*' evill disposed Persons have of late entred the Hospitall 
*' of Mary Magdalen at Bawtrie, and pluckt up, and 
" carried away certaine Stalls and other Furniture be- 
*' longinge to the same, contrary to all order, and wilh- 
'* out any Auclhoritie ; 

" On ' the bchalfe therefore her Highnes Commis- 
" sioners for Causes Ecclesiasticall to us and others di- 
" rected, We will and comniaund yow, and allso here- 
<' by do aucthorize yow, and every of yow, or any of 
^' yow, that if any such Person do hereafter enter the 
*' said Ilospitalle, for the purpose abovesaid, that then 
" yow, or any of yow (not omittinge for any Libertie, 
*' * Previlidge or Exennpts) do attach the said Person or 
'^ Persons, so intermedlinge in the Premisses, and there- 
" upon 3 to bringe, or send, him or them forthwith be- 
-' fore us, and other our Associats, her Majestie's Com- 
*' missioners for Causes Ecclesiasticall within tlie Pro- 
" vince of Yorke, or three of us, to the Citty of Yorke, 
** that such order may be taken with them, and every of 
*' them, as to Equitie and Justice shall appertaine ; And 
" these Presents shall be your Warrant in that behalfe. 
*' Faile ye not hereof, as yow will answere the contrary 

Sic. * Sic. 3 Sic. 

<' att 

St. Mary Magd. near Bautre. 40S 

«< att your perills. Given at Yorke under her Majestie's 
*< Signett, used in this behalfe, the sixt day of March 
" Anno Domini, 1390.. 

" John Gvbson. 

" John Bennett. 

" JVilliam Goodwyn. 
" To John Thornaighe, Esq;, Sherife of the County of 
" Nottingham i and to all Justices of Peace, Alaiors, She- 
*' riffs, Baliffs, ileadborroughs and Constables, and to 
" all other her Majestie's Officers, and loving Subjects, 
*' within the Province of Yorke. And allso to Anthony 
" Morton, Esq; and Roger Collier, her Majestie's Pursi- 
*' vants, or to any of them. 

Now followes the Confession of Thomas Robinson 
before the high Commissioners at Yorke : 

** About May last I agreed with one Will. Ballard, of 
*< Lincoln's-Inne, Gent, beinge deputie to Sir Edward 
" Stanley, havinge a Graunt for Concealeinents, for the 
" Sura me of xii li. to have the Hospitall convey 'd to me 
*' by Fee-Farme, but before Sir Edward Stardey's Booke 
*^ passed, one William Typper passed a Booke, wherein 
** William Ballard got him to passe his Hospitall, and 
** tooke his hand to passe it to him by Fee-Farrae. 

" I brought for Ralfe Dames, James Brewster and Ed- 
** ward Watteson a Subpoena, to shew how they held it, 
" and they yeildinge, I entred to the Howse and Grounds, 
*' and sold mine Intrest for about an hundred Markes, if 
" that I could obtaine the Pension, being 5 li. yerely to 
" the Maister of the Hospitall, whereof I have received 
" XV li. and I have a Bill of his hand for 49. li. bond in 


4Q1 Account of the Hospital of 

" an hundred for the payment therof. The Howse and the 
** Particulars be past, but, I thinke, not the Pension, for 
*' which I must make Allowance, and it hath cost me in 
*• goinge to London for my Assurance above 20 li. be- 
** sides iny Charges and Short's att Yorke, and as yet I 
'* have no Assurance from Typper, but from Ballard, be- 
** cause of Welbecke and Brewster, because they would 
** buy it, and are some what a kynne to Mr Typper ; but 
** Mr Typper was commaunded to lett me have my As- 
*^ surance at the next Tearme, or to shew some good 
*' cause, why I should not have it. 

** I am bound in an 100 li. to Thomas Short, to war- 
*' rant him this Assurance, and for a Pawne allso I have 
** delivered to Thomas Short my Uncle Robinson's Will, 
*' wherin I made him a Letter of Atturney, to sue for 
** the same, with a Bond of 200 li. for Performance of 
'^ the Will. If I may be freed from Thomas Short for 
** my Pawnes and Bonds, I would be contented with 
" my Money, if he will be contented. 

** B_y me Thomas Robinson, 

The Confession of Thomas Short before the high 
Commissioners att Yorke. 

1 " Thomas Robinson was att bord at the Hospitall 
" nere Bawtrie with Mr. Brewster, for one Quarter, about 
*' Easter last, duringe which tyme Mr. Brewster moved 
** the said Robinson, to procure the Queene's Right of 
*' the Hospitall of Bawtrie to the said Brewster's use, and 
" told him he should have 30 li. for his paynes. 

2 " About May day last Mr. Brewster and Tho. Ro- 
** binson did disagree, ' and went from Mr. Brewster's 

'* howse, 

St. Mart; Magd. near Bautre, 405 

« howse, and went to gett the Hospitall for himselfe at 
" London, and being there did procure a Bill of ' vocante 
« from one Ballard, deputie to Mr. Stanhopp, as he said, 
*« and came and entred into the Hospitall the last Sum- 
** mer. 

3 *' The last * Siimer Mr. Welbecke, Father-in-law to 
** Mr. Brewster, offred Thomas Robinson, as he said, a 
*' 100. Markes for his Intrest, which Summe he refused. 

4 *' About Michaelmas last the said Robinson did lett 
" to me Thomas Short, the said Hospitall, with thap- 
*' purtnances, for a yere for 4 li. being worth vi. //. in 
*' the yeare, and promised me, when he gott his Assu- 
" ranee, I should have the Purchase therof for 60 //. up- 
** pon conditions, that 1 should lend him as much Mo- 
** ney, as then I could, whereuppon I lent him 15 li. and 
** tooke his Bond for the payment of the said Summe of 
" 13 li. I borrowed it of John Noble, not tellinge him 
*' for what cause I borrowed the same. 

" B}/ me Thomas Short. 

The Suplication of James Brewster, 

" To the Reverend Father in God, his. singular good 
Lord and Patron , his Grace of Yorke: 
'* In most humble wise sheweth unto your Grace your 
*^ poore and daily orator James Brewster, Maister of the 
*' Hospitall of Mary Magdalen juxta Ba\ytrie, Wheras 
*' I understand the xix^**. day of March last past of your 
" Grace's Proceedings against me, and the last time of 
** my appearance beinge the sixt of Aprill, there to shew 
*• cause before your Grace of my not appearance ; These 

Sic. F. vacante. * Sic. 

" are 

406 Accowit of the Hospital of 

*' are in most humble wise to crave jour Grace's Favour, 
** favourably to consider of ray far distance from the 
*' place, and my necessarie charge depend! nge upon me, 
*' especially at this tyme. This bearer hearof Mr. Han- 
*' cocke can certify your Grace more largely, whorae I 
** desired to supplie my place at the Hospitall in my ab- 
*' sence ; so that I cannot come my selfe before your 
** Grace at this time, and therfore I humbly crave your 
*' Grace's Favour, accordinge to your Grace's Discre- 
** tion, to grant me longer tyme of appearance, or other- 
" wise to help me out of these Troubles, as it shall seeme 
** best to your Grace's Wisedome. 

** And I shall make it knowne, that I have laboured 
*' in the suite against them the directest meanes I did 
" know ; and thus I cease this 20"'. of March, prayinge 
** for your Grace's Prosperitie, and long to continue, att 
" Chelmford 

'' Your Grace's most humble, 
^"^ " ■ conaurast' 

" James Brewster. 

A coppie of Mr Ti/pper''s Letter, 

*' To the most reverend Father in God, the Lord 
Archhyshop of Yorke, Metropolilane of E in gland. 

<* My very good Lord, 

*^ My humble dutie to your Lordship reraembred 8fC. 

" Wheras the xxii*. day of December last her Maje- 

'* stie granted to Mr. Edward Dyer, in my name, the 

*' Hospitall of Bawlrie in the Countie of Nottingham, 

F. commune servant. 

" which. 

SL Mary Magd. near Baiitrc: 407 

" Avhicb, since the same was past, I have understood, that 
'^ the Patronage theiof belongeth unto your Lordshipp, 
" which since I knew I have made stay therof in mj 
** ownc hands, by order from Mr. ' Freeascue, for that one 
** Robinson hath sought to have had the same from me, 
*' to whome I rainde not to passe it, nor to any other 
*' without your Lordship's consent ; and what your Lord- 
'* ship's Determination is herein, if it might please you, I 
*' would gladly understand, whose honourable direction I 
** mind to follow. Here was one Ballard, who very earnest- 
*' ly solicited the matter to my Lord Treasurer and Mr. 
*'*Fortscue, by whose meanes the stay came, and after 
*' the stay made by them, Robinson found meanes to 
*' procure my Lord Chancellor's Letters to me for the 
" assuringe the same to him, which in like manner I have 
*' refused to do ; Therfore I shall entreat your good 
" Lordship to direct me some Course herein, and I will 
" not faile, but performe it. Thus restinge at your 
•' Lordship's Commands, most humbly I take my leave, 
" from my howse in Aldersgate Street, the 3 of April 
" 1590. 

''Your Lordship's humbly to be commaunded 
*' William Tipper, 

Now comes the Title of the Hospitall to be in 
thexchequer Chamber, before the right honour- 
able Sir William Cicell, Knight, Lord Burghley, 
Lord Treasurer of Eingland, John Fortescue, un- 
der Treasurer, Sir Roger Manwood, Lord Cheife 
Barron, and before the rest of the Barrens. 

»Sic. 2 Sic. 

« Joha 

408 Account of the Hospital of 

** John Cooper of Sulhwelk Master of the Hospitall of 
" St, Marie Magdalen neare to Bawtrie, collated to it 
" by John late Archbishop of Yorke, 

" Sheweth unto your Honours, John, by the Provi- 
** dence of God Archbishop of Yorke, that, whearas 
** ther is, and, time wherof the meraorie of man is not 
'* to the contrarie, there hath beene a Hospitall, founded 
** for the reliefe of certaine poore people, and of a Ma- 
" ster of the same Hospitall, beinge an ecclesiasticall per- 
*' son, called the Hospitall of Marie Magdalen, neare 
" the Towne of Bawtrie in the County of Yorke, beinge 
*' scittuate att, or neare unto, the Confynes of the Coun- 
*' tyes of Yorke and Nottingham, being there neare bor- 
*' deringe and adjoyninge together ; And the same Ho- 
*' spitall hath beene, from time to time, maintained with 
" certaine Lands, Rents, and other ' Pocessions, as by 
*' divers Writings may appeare, & wherin Devine Service 
*' and Common Prayers have, or ought weekly to have, 
*' beene said, had and done ; And the said Hospitall by 
** the like time allso hath been, and yett is, or ought to 
" be, of the Patronage of the Archbishop of Yorke for 
** the time beinge, and of her Majestie, and of her High- 
" nes most noble Progenitors, in the Vacation of the same 
** Sea, by reason of the Teraporallities. 

" Butt now so it is, if it may please your Honours, 
*' that, within two yeares last past, one James Brewster, 
** now, or late, of Chelmsford in the County of Essex, 
" clayminge and pretendinge himselfe to be Maister of 
*' the said Hospitall, and preposterously to overthrow, 
" and utterly to dissolve, the State of the same Hospitall, 
*' and to make acquisition to himselfe, and to his Heires, 



St, Mary Magd. near Baiitre. 409 

*' or io some others, of the Pocessions of the said Ho- 
" spitall, and utterly to destroy the said Patronage, and 
** decay the livings, which the said Maister and poore 
" People have heretofore, from tyme to tyrae, had, and 
** receiv'd, thereof, to the perpetual! ' Dessolution of the 
'' same, and seeketh to free and disburden hiraselfe of all 
** things of attendance, and residence, in the same Ho- 
•' spitall, and of doinge divyne Service and Common 
** Prayer therein, hath combyned and confederated him- 
** selfe to that end, and purpose, together with one Tho- 
** mas Robinson, John Noble, and Thomas Short, who, 
** or some of them, by practise and confederacy amonge 
** them had, have procured the said Hospitall, and all 
** the Lands and Pocessions thereof, to be passed and 
*' graunted from her Majestic by her Highnes Letters 
*' Pattents, as Lands and Tenements concealed from 
** her Majestic, under the yearly Rent of some small Fee- 
*' Farrac therefore to be yeilded and answered io her 
** Majestie, her Heires and Successors, and thereuppon 
** the said Brewster hath beene a long space absent from 
** the said Hospitall, placeing himselfe aboute an hun- 
*' dreth Myles of distant from the said Hospitall, and 
** hath voluntarilye and willfully suffered the said Hospi- 
** tall to fall into utter Ruyne and Decay for want of 
** Reperations ; And the said Thomas Robinson, John 
** Noble, and Thomas Short, of intent to pocesse them- 
*' selves of the same Hospitall, and of all the Lands and 
" pocessions thereof, have now of late, (under colour of 
** the said Grant from her Majestie made of the said Ho- 
*' spitall, as concealed, assaforsaid,) utterly profained the 
*' said Chappell of, and in, the said Hospitall beinge, 



410 Account of the Hospital of 

*' and have defaced and carryed away all, or a great 
'' part, of the Ornaments in the said Chappell beinge, 
*' and have altered and ' chainged the same from a Chap- 
** pell to be a Stable, or a * Uoarae for theire Horses 
« and Cattell, to the great offence of the Inhabitants 
** neare thereabonts adjoyninge, and contrarye to all 
** Law, and Equitie, and good Conscience, seinge, as 
*' the same Hospitall was never lawfully dissolved, butt 
*' from tyme to tyme ^ enjoyned by severall Incumbents, 
" collated thereunto either by her Majestie, or her High- 
*' nes Progenitors, in the Vacation of the said Sea, and 
'* by the Archbishops for the time beinge the Sea beinge 
** full, and the said Robinson, Short and Noble do threa- 
*' ten. and give out in Speeches, that they will very 
** shortly pull downe and quite deface the said Hospitall 
*' and Chappell, and all the Howses and Buildings to the 
*' same appertayninge, and to coramitt and imploy them 
*' to theire owne uses, and do shortly intend utterly to 
*' spoyle and destroy the same, unlesse some speedy re- 
*' medie be by your Honours meanes shortly had, and 
** provided, for redresse and reliefe in this behalfe, in 
*' consideration wherof, and for so much as all the said 
" Misdemeanours, Outrages and Profanations, have bene 
*' attempted by the said James Brewster, Robinson, Short 
" and Noble, under pretence of the said supposed Pur- 
** chase, grounded upon a Concealement, as aforesayd, 
** whose Abuses, Prophanations, and Practises, be most 
" aptly to be examined, heard and determined before 
.*' your Honors, and in this honorable Court of her Ma- 
" jestie's Exchequer-Chamber, the rather that it shal be 
** made manifest in this honorable Court, as well by Re- 

' SiQ, * Sic. J L. evjoyed. 

" cords. 

-5*^. Mary Magd. near Bautre, 411 

" cords, as other wise, that the same Hospitall is not, 
** nor ever was, dissolved, wherby the said pretended 
** Graunte in Fee-Farme of the said Hospitall from her 
*' Majesty so procured, as aforesaid, is mearely voyd, and 
*' of no force or effect: And for that the said James 
*' Brewster, for his longe Absence from the said Hospi- 
'* tall, and other lewd Demeanors, is, and standeth, de- 
'' prived of the said Hospitall : And to the intent that 
** the said Archbishop, beynge the Patron and Ordinary 
** thereof, may have the said Outrages and Abnses afore- 
♦' said reformed, and severely punished, accordynge as 
" the Qualitie thereof deserveth, and that Reformation 
*' therof may be shortly hadd, accordynge to the Foun- 
*' dation of the same, as to his charge appertayneth ; 
** May it, therefore, please your Honors, not only to 
*' graunt unto the said Archbishop the Queene's Maje- 
'' stie's most gracious Writ of Injunction to be directed. 
*' to the said James Brewster, Tliomas Robinson, John 
'' Noble and Thomas Short, commaunding and enjoyn- 
*' inge them, and every of them, under a certayne payne, 
*^ and by your Honors to be limited, peaceably and quiet- 
" ly to permitt, and suffer, such Person, and Persons, 
** as the said Archbishop hath, or shall at any time hcre- 
*' after collate, to the said Hospitall, and all others in 
*' their, and every, or any, of their, Rights, to have, 
*' hold and enjoye the quiet possession of the said Hospi- 
*' tall, and all the Howses, Buildings, Lands, Tcnc- 
*' ments and Hereditaments to the same belonging ; And 
" also that the said Robinson and Short doe forthwith 
" repaire agaiiie, and restore, all such things, as they, or 
" either of them, have, or hath, taken away forth of 
*• the said Chappell, and not to attempte, goe about to 
** alter, spoilc or deface the same in any respect, nor to 
Vol. II. .X « in. 

4 IS Account of the Hospital of 

" interrupte, or disturbe, any Persons collated by the 
" said Archbishop into the said Hospitall, or their under- 
*' assignes, nor to commence any suite eoncerninge the 
** said Hospitall, or any the Possessions therof, in any 
** Court whatsoever, untill the same matter shall have 
*' receyvcd a fuUe hearinge and order before your Ho- 
** nors, accordinge to Right, Equitie, and good Con- 
** science ; But also to graunt unto the said Archbishop 
*' the Qucene's Majestie's most gracious Writt of Sub- 
** poena, to be directed to the said James Brewster, Tho- 
'* mas Robinson, John Noble and Thomas Short, com- 
** maundynge them, and every of them, therby, at a 
** certayne day, and under a certayne payne, therin by 
*' your Honours to be limited, * to be personally appeare 
*' in the Queene's Majestie's Exchequer Chamber at West- 
*' minster; then and there to answer unto the Premisses, 
" Sfc. 

The severall Demurrers and Answer of Thomas 
Jiobinson, one of the DefendantSy to, and upon, 
the Bill of Complaint of the Right Reverend Fa- 
ther, John Archbishop of Yeorke, Complainant. 

'' Boucher cum 
*' querente. 

" Po7id cum dc' 
" ftndente. 

'* The said Defendant saith, by the advise of bra 
" Councell, that the said Bill of Complaint is not only 
*' insufficient, to put this Defendant to answere unto, for 
'^ sundrye Imperfections there appearinge, but also saith, 


« that 

St. Mary Magd. near Bautre. 

« (hat the said Complainant neither ought to be prive- 
*' leged in this honorable Court, to sue. molest or im- 
" pleade her Majestie's Fee-Farmer or Tenant, in prcju- 
" dice and disadvantage of her Majestic, and to the losse 
*' and avoydance of her Majestie's Fee-Farme, now an- 
*' swered, and hereafter to be answered, unto her Ma- 
*' jestye, in respect wherof this Defendant doth demurr, 
" and abide in Lawe, upon the said Bill, and demaund- 
*« eth Judgement) whether this Defendant be compella- 
*• ble to answer unto the same Bill ? Neverthelesse, if 
" this Defendant, by speciall order of this honorable 
<* Courte, shal be overruled, or awarded, to answer to 
" the said insufficient Bill, then, and not otherwise, the 
*' Benefitt and Advantage of Exception unto the Uncer- 
'* taintye and Insufficiency of ^ said Bill unto this De- 
" fendant both now and hereafter beinge saved, he the 
" said Defendant, for Answer and plaine Declaration of 
** a truth in, and touchinge, the Matters in the said Bill 
*' suggested, saith, that the said Hospitall, and the Lands 
" and Tenements thereto belong! nge, were justly and 
** lawfully vested in her Majestic, as in tlie right of her 
** Majestie's Crowne of England, by reason whereof her 
** Majestic was, or of right ought to have beene, seized 
" in her Demeasnes as of Fee, as in the right of her 
** Crowne aforesaid, albeit the same of longe tyme had 
** been concealed, and unjustly withholden, from her 
*' Majestic, which, by the industrie, and at the charge 
*' and procurement of this Defendant, was founde out 
*' to be concealed from * from" her Highnes, and so 
" seized, her Majestic, by her Letters Pattents, under 
" the great Scale of Englandc, dated the two and twen- 

L. the said. '■ Dele, 

n2 "tyth 

Account of tfie Hospital of 

" tyih day of December now last past, for and uppoir^ 
'' cer(ayne consideration, in the same Letters Pattents 
*' specifjed, did, amongst divers other things, graunt and 
*^ convey the said dissolved Hospital!, and the Lands 
*' thereto belonging, to one William Tipper and John 
*' Danes, to have and to hold, to them and to ' their 
*^ Ileircs of the said William Tipper, in Fee-Farme, ren- 
*' dringe unto her Majestic, her Heires and Snccessors, 
'* a certaync annuall Rent for the said late Hospital], 
*' and the Lands therto belonginge, by force wherof the 
*' same William Tipper and John Dawes were of the 
" same Premisses seised joyntly unto them, and to the 
" Heires of the same William Tipper, in whom the In- 
" tercst of the said Premisses, for any thinge this Defen- 
" dant knoweth to the contrary, now remayneth. How- 
" bcit this Defendant, upon former Agreements made 
*' touchynge the Sale of the Premisses, is to have an 
*' Assurance of the same at the hands of the said Tipper 
" and Dawes, when this Defendant shall require the same, 
" which he purposeth shortly to procure and oWayne. 
*' And this Defendant further saith, that the said Hospi- 
*' tall, and the lands * and the lands" in question i-it the 
" time of the Dissolution of the late Monastery of St. 
'' Oswald's, in the Countie of Yeorke, and alwayes be- 
** fore, time out of mynde, as this Defendant hopeth 
" to prove, were appropriated and anexed unto the same 
*' lale Monastery, and,, as a Parcell of the Possessions of 
" the same late Monastery, 'came to this Defendant is 
*' by his couucell enformed, to the Hands of the late 
*' Kingc Henrye the eight, Father to our Soveraine La- 
" dy the Qucene's Majestie that now is. And that the 

' F. the. -Pele. ^ F. came, as this. 

«' same 

Si. Mary Magd. nem" Bautre. 

** same Lands, belonginge to the said late dissolved IIo- 
*^ spitall, were given and appoynted to divers siipersti- 
" tious Uses, as this Defendant hopeth to be able to 
** prove, ever sithence which tyme, iintill of late, the 
*' same late Hospitall and the Lands were wrongfully de- 
" tayiied, and kept, from her Majcstie, and from her 
" said most noble Father, Brother and Sisters, Kings 
<* and Queenes of this Realme, as this Defendant is like- 
*' wise by his Councell enformed, untill her Majestie's 
" Estate and the Title to the same was, by the laboure, 
^' industrye and charge of this Defendant, reveyled and 
" bronght (o light, without that the same Hospitall Avas 
" an Hospitall for the Poore, or to say Divine Service 
" there, or that it is materiall, whether they were so 
'*4ised or noe, as the Plantill" in his Bill hath suggested. 
" For this Defendant saith, that, within the Distance of 
" a Mile to the said late dissolved Hospitall, there are 
«* three severall Churches and Chappells, where the Di- 
** vine Servyce is orderly and duly said and maynfayncd. 
*' without that the said Archbishop, the now Plantif, or 
** any his Predecessors, are or have beenc, or of right 
'' ought to be, Patrons of the said Hospitall, or to have 
*' any thinge to doe with the Patronage of the same. And 
'* M'ithout that, that this Defendant did ever confederate 
" with the same James Brewster in, or touchinge, any 
*' the supposed Matters in the Bill suggested. And with- 
f' out that, that this Defendant hath prophaned the said 
^^ €happell, or hath defaced, or carried away, all, or 
*' any, of the Ornaments in the same Chappell beinge, 
** as in the said Bill is also suggested. For that same 
*' Chappell, and Ornaments, was prophaned and defaced 
" longe before this Defendant's intermedlynge therewith. 
*' And without that, that this Defendant doth purpose, 
?f .J " or 

Account of the Hospital of 

*' or give out, S peaches, that he, or any other, will 
" spojle, deface and plucke downe the said Hospitall, as 
" in the said Bill is also suggested. And without that, 
" that any thinge els, in the Bill mentioned, touchinge, 
*' or conceininge, this Defendant, and therin sufficiently 
*' not answered, confessed and avoyded, traversed or de- 
" nved, is true. All which Matters this Defendant is, 
*' and wil be, ready to averre and prove, as this honor- 
** able Court shal award, and therupon doth demaunde 
*' Judgment, and prayeth from thence to be dismissed 
" with his reasonable Costs, in that behalfe most wrong- 
** fully subtayned. 

" Will. Winter. 
'^ Prmdictiis defendens prcestitit sacramentum 
** xxiii. die Junii^ anno xxxiii regni regince Eliza' 
" bethce, coram ' Johannem Solherion, unum BarO' 
*' num S)C. 

The Replicalion of the most Reverend Father in God^ 
John Archbishop of^ Yeor/ce, Complainant j to the 
Demurrer and Answer of Thomas Robinson De- 

" The said Complainant averreth his said Bill of Com- 
'* plainte, and every matter and thinge therin contayned, 
" (o be juste and true, in such manner and forme as in 
'* the said Bill of complaynt ^ in playnly and truely set 
*' forth and declared. And further saith, that the said 
** Demurrer and Answer of the Defendant, is very un- 
*' certayne, untrue and insufficient in the Law to be re- 
*' plyed unto, for divers very manifest and apparant mat- 
*' ters and causes therin contayned ; the advantage of 

' Sic, pro Johanne Sothertouj uno. * Sic. ' L. is. 

<' thin- 

St. Martf Magd. near Baiitre. M7 

** thinsufficiencye wherof anto this Repliant at all iymes 
" hereafter sacred, for further Replication thereunto, 
^* this Complainant saith, in all and every Matter, Ai- 
*« tide and Thinge, as he before, in his said Bill of Coni- 
** plaint, hath playnly and truly set forth and declared. 
*' And further saith, that, for as much as the said De- 
*^ fendant, by his said Answer, without any color of cause, 
** pretendeth, that this Complaynant, beynge priviledged 
^' in thexchequer, as the Collector of the annuall Tenths 
** and Subsydies, hayinge in this Court a place of ac- 
" conTpte, as well for that Collection of the Subsidye and 
" Benevolence hath not Priviledge to maintayne Suit in 
'* this Court; and for that also, that the said Defend- 
" ant, by untrue Surmises of a Concealeraent, hath ob- 
*' tayned in Fee-Farnie a Hospital!, not dissolved nor 
^' dissolvable, nor yet concealed, for a yearly Rent, aun- 
" swerable in this Courte; therefore this ' Complanant is 
** only to seeke his Remedy in this honorable Court, and 
^* not els where. And for that if this Repliant by Judi- 
*' ciall Decree hath had Redresse in the same Court, 
*^ against such pretended Purchasses of supposed Conceal- 
*' raents of this Complainant's See and Archbishoppricke ; 
*' And for as much as the sayd Defendant, by his said 
" Answer, coufesseth the same to have beene a Hospitall 
" * which" without Surrender or other lawfull Dissolution, 
" therfore there is no cause, that the Defendant, or the 
" said other persons in the Answer named, can derive to 
*' them selves any lawfull Title thereof, nor by any law- 
" full meanes vested in the Crowne. And this Repliant 
" further saith, that the same Hospitall never was appro- 
" priated, or anexet, to the said late dissolved Priory of 

' Sic. » F. delend. 

N 4: " St, 


udccount of the Hospital of 

St. Oswald's in the Answer mentioned ; But the same 
was an Hospitall of the Patronage and Collation of the 
said Plantif and liis Predecessors, as well in the time 
of the State of the said Priory of St. Oswald's, and 
since, and never as Parcell of the Possessions of the 
said Priorje of St. Oswald's surveyed, although the 
Maister of the said Hospitall was maynlayned in parte 
with a Rent-charge, issuinge out of the Possessions of 
St. Oswald, as by many Records shal to this honorable 
Court appeare. Without that, that this Complainant 
ought not to be ' priveledged in this Courte, to sue or 
inipleade her Majestie's Fee-Farmer, or the Tenements 
of the said Hospitall, supposed to be concealed; Or 
that the said Hospitall, and the Possessions thcrof, were 
ever lawfully vested in her Majestic, as in the Right of 
her Highnes crowne ; Or that her Majestic was therof 
lawfully seised in right of her Highnes; Or that the 
same hath of longe time beene concealed, and unjust- 
ly withhoulden, from her Majestic ; Or that the same 
Hospitall was at the Charges and Procurement of the 
Defendant truly founde to be a concealement from her 
Highness, as in the said Answer is untruly pretended ; 
Or that her Majestic by Letters Patents, under the 
Great Scale, dated the time in the Bill supposed, did, 
and lawfully could, graunt and convey the said dis- 
solved Hospitall, and the Lands there unto belonginge, 
to the said William Tipper and John Dawes, in that 
Answer named, and to the Heires of the said William 
Tipper and John Dawes in thanswere named, and to 
the Heires of the said William Tipper for ever in Fcc- 
Farme ; Or that the said Tipper and Dawes were there- 



St. Mary Magd. near B autre. 419 

« of lawfully seyzed, and have the Interest thereof in 
«' them yet remayninge; Or that the Defendants can 
<« have any lawfuU Assurance of the said Hospitall at 
" their hands ; Or that the said Hospitall and Lands at 
" any ' at any" time were appropriated and anexed unto 
" the said late Monastery of St. Oswald's, and, as Par- 
" cell of the Possessions thereof, came unto the hands of 
«' the late Kinge Henry theight, as in the said Answer is 
" surmised ; Or that the said Lands, belongingc to the 
" said Hospitall, were ever given and appoynted to any 
" superstitious uses, and dissolvable by any Law, and 
*' have beene ever since wrongfully detayned from her 
" Majestie, and her noble Progenitors, untill the Title 
<' of the same was, by this Defendant's Industrye and 
" Charge, remedyed and brought to light ; Or that it is 
"true and materiall, wheather, within the Distance of 
*' lesse then a Mile to the said Hospitall, there are three 
*' severall Churches and Chappells, where Divine Ser- 
«' vice is orderly and duly said, or no : as though no 
*' Church may be within a Mile of a Hospitall, but the 
'^ same Church must be a cause to dissolve the Hospitall. 
/' For then almost all tlie Hospitalls in this Realme 
** should be dissolved, if, by that reason, the same might 
'* be dissolved. And without that, that any other Ma(- 
<^ ter or Tliinge, alledged in the said Demurrer and An- 
*' swer of the said Defendant, is materiall or effectuall in 
" Law to be replied unto, and herein before not suffi- 
^' ciently confessed and avoyded, Sfc. all which Matters 
'' Sfc. 

Samle 1591. 



420 Account of the Hospital of 

" The Rejoinder of Thomas Rohinsoiu Defendant, 
" to the Replication of the right Retereiid Fa- 
'* ther in Godj John Archbishop of Yeorke^ Com- 
" plainant, 

" Boucher pro queretite. 
*' Pond cum 
*' defend" 

" Eborurn. The saide Defendant, for llejoynder, 
" first, as touchingc the saide Complanante's Priviledge, 
*' to sue in this honorable Court, saith, as in his Dc- 
** murrer and Answer before he hath said ; And further 
" saith, that neither in respect of the Plantif's beinge 
" Collector of the annuall Tenthes, Subsidies and other 
" Duties, payable to her Majestic, he is not, neither 
*^ ought to be, priviledged, to sue in the same Court, 
*' specially no such cause of Priveledg beinge in the Bill 
*' sett forth ; and much the rather also this honorable 
*' Court, as the cause now standeth, ought not, under 
*' favor, to relieve the said Complainant, if his pretend- 
•' ed Bill were true, as it is not, for that, by the Com- 
" plainant's owne shewinge, the same doth, and shoulde, 
** tende to the losse and disherison of her Majestic of, 
** and for, the said Fee Farme Rente, reserved upon the 
** said Pattents, which this honorable Court useth not to 
" do ; And for further Rejoynder saith, that, albeit the 
" said Howses and Lands, now in question, have beeiifi 
*' tearmed by the name of an Hospitall, yet the same 
" Howses, in truth, were but a Chappell, and a dwell- 
** inge House for the Chaplen, which Chapell, House 
" and Lands, at the time of the Dissolution of the said 
*< Monastery, and time out of rainde before the Dissolu- 

" tion, 

St. Mary Magd. near Bautre. 431 

^* tion, \rere parcell of the Possessions of the said dissol- 
** ved Monastery of St Oswald's, and, by reason of the 
" Dissolution of that Monastery, and by vertue of the 
** Act of Parliament in that behalf made, and enacted, 
*' the same, amonge other the Possessions of the said Mo- 
'* nastery, came to the hands of the late Kinge Henrye 
*^ the eight, from whom, and from all his Successors 
** after him, untill now of late, the same Premisses, now 
** in question, have beene, and were, injustly concealed, 
'* defayned and withhoulden, as by divers credible Wit- 
f' nesses and Testimonyes, as well by Records, as other- 
*' wise, shal, in that behaif, be made manifest unto this 
** honorable Court, notwithstandinge all the resolute 
" tearraes used in, and by, the said Replication, to the 
*' disgrace of this poore Defendant's Title. Without that 
" the Plaintif hath beene relieved, in any such cause, 
'^ against any such Purchasser of any such Concealements, 
" as the Plaintif in his said Replication hath supposed 
" and suggested : And without that, that the Defendant, 
*' by any untrue Surmises, hath obtayned the Fee-Farrac 
" of the Premisses, now in question, as the said Plantif, 
** in his said Replication, hath suggested ; this Defend- 
" ant further saith, and will averr and prove, that ther is 
"'good, and sufficient, cause, why this Defendant should 
'« derive from, and under, her Majestie, greate and law- 
" full Title and Estate in, and to, the Premisses. And 
*' further saith, the same Premisses were appropriated and 
" anexed to the said late Monastery, and were Parcell 
** of the verye Possessions of the same, and, by reason 
*« of the Dissolution of that Monastery, and other the Pos- 
'* sessions of that Priory, ought to have ' corade into the 


<* hands 

422 Account of the Hospital of 

" hands of her Majestie's late Father, Kinge Henry the 
" eight, and so, consequently, were lawfully vested in 
*' her Majestye that now is, from whom the same Pre- 
^' misses, now in question, are lawfully conveyed and 
'^ passed in Fee-Farme, as before, in the Answer, is plain- 
*' ly, and truly, alledged and confessed. Without that 
*' also, that this Defendant will averr, and prove, that 
*' ther are three severall (Churches and Chappels, wherin 
*' Divine Service is orderly, and duly, saide, within a 
*' Mile of the sayd pretended Hospitall, and, therfore, 
*' the Suggestion of the Concealement in his said Bill 
" ' most untruly, in that he doth therein affirme, that Di- 
" vine Service was duly said in the said liospitall, the 
" Plantif hopinge therby to gaine more favour in this ho- 
** norable Court toward the Plantife's pretended Title, 
*' which one moved the Defendant to inserte in his An- 
" swere, that there are three other Churches, or Chap- 
** pells, within a Mile * distand to the said dissolved Ho- 
" spitall and Chappell, now in question, and not for any 
*' such purpose, as the Plantife's Councell untruly halh 
" inferred. 

*' And without that, that any thinge els, in the Re- 
*' plication specified, and herein not sufficiently rejoyn- 
*' ed unto, confessed and avoyded, traversed or denyed, 
** is true. All which Matters this Defendant is^ and will 
*' be, ready to averr, and prove, as this honorable Court 
" shall awarde, and therupon demandeth Judgement, 
" and prayeth, as before in his Answere he hath prayed. 

*« mil. Winter. 

Sic. »Sic. 


St. Mary Magd. near Bautre. 423 

T/ie Coppie of a Letter from the Lord Archbishop 
John, before his Death ^ to the right honorable 
The Lord Treasurer of England. 

*' My very good Lord, yoar honorable and godly care 
*' for the Maintenance and Protection of Poore Hospi- 
*' tals, which, by good experience, I have founde here- 
*' fofore, raaketh rae the more bolde, to become Suter 
** unto your Lordship, for your Favour towards the Ho- 
*' spitall of Bawtrie, in Nottingham shire; the Patron- 
*' age wherof belongeth to the Archbishop of Yeorke, 
*' and the Title is to be examined and tryed before your 
*' Lordship in thexchequer Chamber this Tearme. There 
*' have beene often Injunctions, by your Lordship's good 
" meanes, for Possession to be j-eilded to tlie Gierke, up- 
'* on whom I have collated the same : but they could 
*' seldome, or never, yet take any effect. And so I com- 
** mende the Cause to your Lordship's charitable Consi- 
*' deration, and your Lordship to the mercifuU Protection 
*' of the Almightye, at Bishopthorpe this 27. of April 
*' 1593. 

" Your good Lordship's in Christ assured to 
" commande 

Jo. Eborum. 

I also fiiide divers Orders and Motions concerninge 
this Triall, a Commission graunted for Examination of 
Witnesses, Publication graunted upon the Returne of the 
Examination of the Witnesses, and stayed in respect of 
the Death of the Lord John Archbishop, but after the 
liord Archbishop ' Mathew, his Successor, exhibited his 
Bill of reversion, thereupon the matter came to hearinge. 

' Mattbe\^Hutton, 


4^ Account of the Hospital of 

The Commissioners for Examination of the 
Witnesses were, 

Jervace Lee, 

Thomas Palmer, 

Will. Burnell, Esquiers, 

Will. Cardinally and 

John Forrest. 
The Names of the Witnesses examined are, 

Anthonie Morton, aged three and fortie yeares. 
John Mirfin, clerke. Vicar of Haworth, of the 

age of threescore and fonrteene yeares. 
Roger Wagstaf of Har worth, aged three score 

and six yeares. 
John Kendall of Bawtrie, aged three score yeares 

and more. 
Henry Sanderson of Scastworth, aged jSftye and 

fower yeares. 

Now foUowes the Decree, 

Inter reverendissimum patrem ' Mathevm, Ebo- 
rum Archiepiscopum, Sf Johannem Coopery ma- 
gistrum Hospitalis Sanctoe Marice Magdalence 
juxla Bawtrie querentem, Sf Thomam Bobin* 
son defendentem. 

Termino Sancti Hillarit, anno xxxviW*. 

BegincB Elizabethce Veneris sexto die Fe* 


" Eborum. Wheras the late most reverend Father, 
*' John, late Archbishop of Yeorke, exhibited his Bill of 

' MatthKum Hutton. 

?' Cora- 

St. Mary Magd. near Bautre. 425 

** Complaint into this Court, shewinge therby, that there 
" was, and hadd beene, time out of minde, a Hospitall 
** founded for the relief of certayne poore people, and 
** for a Maister being an Ecclesiasticall person, called 
*' Mary Magdalene Hospitall, neare Bawtrie in Com. 
** Eborum^ neare unto the Confines of Yeorke and Not- 
*' tingham, beinge there neare borderinge and adjoyn- 
** inge together, and that the same had beene raaintayn- 
** ed with certayne Lands, Rents and otiier Possessions, 
** as by the Records of this Court appeared, and that 
** there, by like time, hadd beene a Chappell, >vheria 
** Divine Service and Common Prayer had, and ought, 
** weekely to have ' said, hadd and donne, and that the 
** same Hospitall, by the like tyme, hadd beene of the 
*' Patronage of the ArchBishop of Yeork, and of her 
•* Majestic, and of her Progenitors, in the Vacation of 
** that Sea, and that, within two yeares then last past, 
** one James Brewster, Clerke, clayminge to be Maister 
** thereof, by some Collation made by some of the said 
** Archbishops, the Plantife's Predecessors, to overtlirow 
" and dissolve the State of the same, and to make acqui- 
** sition thereof unto him and his Heires, or others to 
** his use, which the Maister and poore people before re-* 
'* ceyved, and seekinge io free him self of all Charges 
'* of Residence there, by himself hath contrived, and 
*' confederated himself with Thomas Robinson the De- 
** fend'ent, who have procured the said Hospitall, and 
*f the Possessions, to be passed from her Majestie by Let- 
*' ters Patients as Lands concealed to themselves, or to 
*' others, to their, or some of their, uses, under some 
*' smale Fee-Farme ; And thereupon Brewster absented 



426 Account of the Hospital of 

** him self, bein2^e placed a hundretli miles from thence, 
*' and voluntarily suffered the same Hospitall to fall into 
** Ruine : And the Defendent, of intent to possesse him 
*' self thereof under the said Graunt, prophaned the said 
*' Chappell, and carried away the Ornaments thereof to 
*' a Stable, or Roome, for Oxen, or other Cattell, io 
" the Offence of the Inhabitants 'there, beinge a Hospi- 
*' tall not dissolved, but enjoyed by severall Incumbents 
•* collated 'there unto as aforesaid, and threatned utterly 
" to pull downe and ^vast the same, and to imploy the 
*' Stones, Bricks, Slate and Wood to their uses, and for 
" that Brewster was deprived, and for that the Defen- 
*' dent claimed the same under a Graunt of concealed 
*' Lands from her Majestic, the Plantif prayed Processe, 
*' that the matter might be determined in this Court, 
" wherby the said Robinson answered, that the said Ho- 
*' spitall, and the Lands therunto belonginge, were law- 
'* fully vested in her Majestic as in the right of her 
" Crowne, and by reason therof her Majestic was, or 
" ought to have beene seized thereof, although it had 
*' beene longe concealed, and with houlden, from her, 
" which, by the Defendant's Industrie, was found to be 
*' concealed, and so seized, her Majestic, by Letters 
*' Paltents dated the xxii'**- day of December tunc id- 
" timoy granted the same to William Tipper and John 
*' Dawes, to hould in Fec-Farme, rendringe an annuall 
*' Rent. And that ' that" the Hospitall and the Lands 
*' aforesaid, at the Dissolution of * Monastery of St. ^ Os- 
" wal's in Yeorkeshire, and time out of rainde before, 
*' was appropriated to that Monastery as Parcell therof, 
" * came to the King's hands, and that the Lands ther- 

F. delend. » L. the Mon. J Sic. 4 Sic. 

" untp 

SL Mari) 3Iagd. near BaiUre. 427 

'^*-unto belonginge were given, and appropriated, to di- 
*' vers superstitious Uses, ever since which tyme, till of 
^' late, ' same Hospitail and Lands were wrongfully dc- 
*' tayned from her Majestic and her Progenitors, untill, 
<* by this Defendciit's meanes, her Majestie's title was re- 
*' vayled, traversinge tlie other Contents in the Bill. 
" Whereupon the Plantif by Replication averred his Bill, 
*' shewinge there by, that he waa here to be relieved, 
*< and not elswkere, for that the Defendent, by untrue 
" Suggestion and Surmise of a Concealement, had ob- 
" tayned in Fee-farme a Hospitail, not dissolved nor con- 
*' cealed ; further shewinge, that the said Hospitail was 
^' not appropriated to the Priorye of St. Oswald's, but 
" that the same was an Hospitail, as in the Bill was al- 
" ledged, in the Estate of the said Priory of St. Oswald's, 
*' and ever since, and was never survayed as Parcell of 
^^ the Possessions of that Priorie ; although the Maister 
'* of that Hospitail was, in parte, maintayned with a 
*' Kent-charge issuinge ycarely out of the Possessions of 
'* the said Priory of St. Oswald's, as by Records appear- 
*^ ed, and trayersed the Contents of the Defendant's An- 
^' swere. \y hereunto the Defendant, by Rejoynder, said., 
*' (hat, albeit the House and Lands in question had beene 
" tearmed by the name of the Hospitail, yet the same 
*' Houses, in truth, were but a Chappelle and a Dwell- 
** inge House for the Chaplen, which, at the Dissohition 
" of the said Monastery, and before, time out of minde, 
•*' were Parcell of the Possessions of St. Oswald's, and, by 
" Dissolution of that Priory, came to tiie late Kinge 
" Henrye tlie eight his hands, from ^hom *all his Suc- 
" cessors, 'till of late, the Premisses were concealed. 

' F. the same. * F. and all. 
Vol. II. o <« Where. 

428 Account of the Hospital of 

f* Whereupon, for prouf of the matters alledged in the 
** same Pleadings, a Commission was a warded out of 
" tills Courte, and sundry Witnesses examinee], and pu? 
** Wished orderly, and the matter beinge at full and per-? 
*' feet Issue in Trenitie fearme, anno xx^^vii Regince Eli- 
** zabefhce, ' and" a day of hearinge was appoynted to 
*' be in Michaelmes Terme next, before which Terme 
*' the said late Revt^rend Father died, by mcanes where- 
** of the said Suite abated. By and after whos Death 
*' the said most Reverend Father Mathew, now Archbp 
*' of Yeorke, in Easter Tern'e, anno tricessimo septimo, 
^' upon a new Bill, revived the saide Suite, and all the 
** Pleadings and Depositions, in snrh sorte as they were 
** at the Death of his said late Predecessor, and, after 
** the Deprivation of the said Brewster, collated the said 
*' John Cooper unto the said Hospitall. And aftt r both 
*' Parties agreed, that the matter should be heard the 
*^ last Tearme, Jovis jcx"* JSovemhris. Att which day 
*' it was proved, by many Witnesses so examined and 
** published in that cause. That the said Hospitall was, 
*' longe before the memorie of man, founded for the Re- 
*' lief of certayne poore People, and of a Maister of the 
*' same beinge an Ecclesiasticall parson, and that the 
" poore had beene relieved there, by Allowance from 
" the said Maister for the time beinge, and that the said 
" Hospitall heretofore had beene maintayiied with cer- 
f tayne Lands, Rents, and other Possessions, and with 
*' one Pension or Rent-Charge of five Pounds six Shillings 
** eight Pence, graunted in times past out of the Priory 
*' of St. Oswald's Possessions, and with one Rent-charge 
** of six and twentie Shillings eight Pence, issuinge out 

F. delend. 


St. Mary Magd. near BaiUre. 429 

«« of tlie Lands of the said Lord Archbishop of Yeorke, 
*^ called Plumtrie Parke, and that there did belonge (o 
" the said Hospitall one Close in Scatworth-carr, called 
*' the Priest-close, contayninge six Acres, one Close at 
" Ihe ende of Martin Woods, called the Riddings, con- 
" tayninge eight Acres or more ; and that the Rent- 
*' Charge of six and twentie Shillings eight Pence had 
" bene payed ' had beene payed" from the said Lord- 
*' Archbishop of Yeorke to the use of the Maister of that 
'-^ Hospitall, and that there had beene a Chappell in the 
*-* said Hospitall, wherin divine Service had beene done 
f there accordingly by divers Maisters ; that, time out 
*•' of minde, the said Hospitall had beene of the Pa- 
" tronage of the Archbishop of Yeorke for the time 
^' beinge, *and that her Highnes, and her Majestie's Pro^ 
f genitors, in the Vacation of that Sea, by reason of 
" the Tempioraltis of the said Sea. And that they knew 
*' Doctor Claybrough, John Wiseman, and the said 
" Brewster, Clerks, successively collated thereunto by 
" the said Archbishops of Yeorke, and enjoyed the Ho- 
** spitall, and the sayd Possessions, as afore, accordingly, 
*' and that l^obinson the Defendant, within two yeares 
" past, had prophaned the said Chappell, and defaced, 
*' or carried away, all, or the greatest parte, of the Or- 
*' naments and Furniture of the same Chapell, namely 
*' the 3 Stales or Seats, and the Lcade that was aboute the 
«' Steeple, and altered it from a Chappell to a House to 
" keepe Swiue in ; And that the said Defendant Robin- 
*' son had offered to sell the Free stoun of the said Chap- 
•« pell, and that they said they would pull it downe ; And 

'Dele 2 Ita haec concipiuntur in MS. Sedo/pro that for- 
sitan repqnend, est. ^ Sic. 

o 2 " that 

430 Account of the Hospital of 

<' that the saide Pension of five Pounds, six Shillings, 
" eight Pence, was allowed and payed by her Majestie's 
*^ Receyver Ge.ierall for the Countie of Yeorke to the 
*'4i5e of (he said Maisler. Upon hcarinoe of which 
'^ Cause for decaynge and entringe upon the said Hospir? 
*' tall, so claymed by the Plantif to be an Hospitall of 
** tbe said Lord Archbishop's Patronase, and by the De^ 
*' fendant to be a Chantrie or Free-CliappcU, and con- 
'* cealed from her Majestie, untill of late the same had 
*' beene leased for Yearcs, or purchassed, as concealed 
*' for Triall of the Title and Right thereof; it was or- 
^' dred by the Cqurt, that the said John Cooper clerke, 
*' who was collated to, and made Maister of, the said 
*' Hospitall, should forthwith bringe an Action of Tres- 
*' pass against the said Robinson in the Office of the 
*' Pleas in this Court, and should suppose thereby, that 
*' certayne Quantities of Corne and Hay, growings 
*' upon the said Grounde in variance, did come to the 
^' Defendant's Hands in some Places of Midlesex, al» 
*^ ledginge the Defendant to have converted the same to 
*' his proper use, wherunto the Defendant, within fower 
*' Dayes after Declaration putt in, should plead the ge- 
*' nerall Issue, not guiltie, to be tryed the next Terme ; 
*« And if the Verdict should fall out with the Plantif, the 
*' said Cooper should be stablished in possession ot the 
*' House, Lands and Tenements in variance, and the 
*' said Plantif should not be driven, at the said Triall, tp 
** prove any Entrye into the Grounds in variance, nei- 
" ther the Defendant's occupation, or takeinge of the 
*' Haye and Corne, growinge upon the said Grounde in 
*' variance, nor of the comminge thereof to the Defen- 
" dant's hands, lor that the Defendant had, in open 
** Court, confessed his occupation of the same Grounds 

" by 

!SL Mmy Magd. near Sautre, 431 

** by fower or five yeaves last past ; but the Evidence at 
*' that Triall should bee only uppon the right, whether 
** the same be Chantrie Lands, or Ilospitall Lands ; And 
*" if there should be any delay in the said Robinson, in 
*' proceedinge to the same, then the Court would sta- 
*' blish the Possession with the said Cooper, Maister of 
*' the said Hospitall, upon such Delay. And thereupon 
** the said John Cooper, in Michaelmas Terme last, 
** brought an Action of Trespasse against the said Tho- 
*• mas Robinson accordingly, alledginge, in his Declara- 
** tion, that, whereas the said John Cooper, beinge 
** seized in his Demcasne, as of Fee, in the right of the 
** said Hospitall^ of, and in, the said Hospitall of St. 
" Marie Magdalen aforesaide, and of, and in, twenty 
" Acres of Land, tvventye Acres of Meadow, and three- 
*' score Acres of Pasture, with thapurtenanoes, in Har* 
** worth, in the said Countie of Nottingham, belonginge 
** and apperfayr)inge to the said Hospitall of St. Mary 
" Magdalen aforesaid, and Parcel! of the same ; And 
" whereas the said John Cooper^ the twentith day of 
*' November, in the xxxviii. yeare of her Majestie's 
** Raigne, that now is, at Islington, in the said Countie of 
*' Middlesex, was possessed often ' Cart lods of Rye, every 
*' Cart load whereof of the valewe of fower Pounds, tea 
** Carte Loads of Gates, every Load of the valewe of fower 
<* Pounds, and of twentie Loads of Hay, every Load of the 
*' valewe of ten shillings, comminge, and arisinge and 
♦* growinge of, in, and upon, the said twentie Acres of 
** Land, and twentie Acres of Meadow, as of his proper 
*' Goods and Chattalls, and beinge so possessed thereof, 
" the said twentie day of November, and in the eight 
*' and thirtith yeare aforesaid, did casually lose out of his 

* Sic. 

o3 "Hands 

432 Account of the liuspital of 

" Hands and Possession the said Goods and Chattalls a( 
** Islington, in the Countie aforesaid, which said Goods 
" and Chuttals afterwards, the same day, at Islington afore- 
** said, beinge the proper Goods and Chattals of the said 
** John Cooper, the said Thomas Robinson halh taken 
*' and carryed awaye with Force and Armes, which 
^' Corne and Haye^ comminge of the said twenfye Acres 
*' of Lande, and twentie Acres of Meadow, beinge Par- 
" cell of the Possessions of tlie said Hospitall, ' and that 
" the said Robinson had taken and converted the same 
" to his owne proper use, against (he Peace of our said 
*' Soveraine Lady, and to the Damage of the said John 
*^ Cooper of one hundred Pounds. 

" Whereunto the said Defendant pleaded not guiltye; 
*^ And the matter beinge heard, Veneris sexto Februarii 
** 1595. by Nisi priusy before all the learned Barons of 
" this Court, in the presence of Maister Soliciter, and 
*' olhers for the Defendant's Councell, after longe Evi- 
*' dence given by the Councell of both Parties, Verdit 
*' passed for the Plantif, and assessed Damages to the 
*' Some of and for Costs 

*' of Suite ; whereupon Judgment is since given accord- 
** ingly. Whereupon it is ordred, and decreed, this pre- 
*' sent Terme, by the right honorable William Lord 
" Burghley, Lord High Treasurer of England, Sir John 
*' Fortescue, Knight; Chanceler of this Court of Exche- 
" quer, and the Barons of this Court, that the said John 
** Cooper, Maister of the said Hospitall, and his Suc- 
" ccssors, shall have, hould, and enjoy the said Hospi- 
" tall, and all the said Lands, Pencions, Rents and other 
" Things, so proved as aforesaid to belonge to the same, 
"to be apply ed towards the Reliefe of certayne poore 

I Sic. 

'< People, 

St. Mary Magd. near Bautre, 433 

*^ People, and of a Maister, beinge an Ecclesiasticall 
" Person, as by the said Bill is claymed, and by the 
** said Witnesses is proved. 

" And further, for that it is proved to this Courte, that 
** the Defendant hath defaced and prophaned the said 
*' Chappell, and other Howses and Woods growinge 
^"^ upon the same, and taken the Profits thereof by the 
** Space of five yeares since the said first Suite begann, it 
** is farther ordred and decreed, that the said John Coo- 
*' per, either by Commisision out of this Courte, or by 
*' Action at the Common-Law, may recover his Damages 
** thereby sustayned, ' to intent the same Hospitall, Chap- 
*' pell and other Buildings of the same, may be reedificd 
** and continued in their former Estate. 

Exa, per me Tho. Fanshaw, 

Veritas viget. 
uind God scattereth the Devises of the craftie, so that 
'their Hands cannot accomplishe that whiche they doe en- 

5 Job 12. 

Now, after the Death of John Coopef) it pleased the 
most Reverend Father in God, * Tobie, late Archbishop 
of Yeorke, to collate and make John Slacke, Clerke, 
Mr. of Arts, Maister of the said Hospitall, and that the 
said John Slacke hath endevored io enter into the Pos- 
sessions of the said Hospitall, and other the Premisses, 
but was denied and withstood by one John Bradley, 
Thomas Truswell and Bartholomew Wofendalle, who 

L. to the intent, » Tobie Matthew. 

o 4 were 

434 Account of the Hospital of 

were Tenants to the said Hospital!, and other the Pre- 
misses, to the said John Cooper, and paicd him six Pounds 
Rent per annum for the same, whilest he lived ; but, 
sithence the Death of the said Mr. Cooper, are turned, 
and become, Tenants to one John Noble, Thomas Shoii; 
and Thomas Robinson, v,\\o pretend some Interest in 
the Premisses under the said Robins :n t And also that 
the Auditor of the said Countie doe refuse \o paye unto 
the said Mr. Slacke the yearly Pension of five Pound&v 
six Shillings, eight Pence, per annum, and so did for 
the Space of one yeare in the time of his ' Predicessor^ 
and, therefore, I moved the Court for Relief herein; 
And thereupon it was ordred by the Court, Veneris 
a:xiii°. die Novemhris, anno octavo Regis Jacobi, that 
a Subpoena, under the Seale of this Courte, shalbe di- 
rected to the said John Bradley, Thomas Truswell, Bar- 
tholomew Wofendall, and to the said John Noble. Tho- 
mas Short and Tliomas Robinson, commandinge them 
by the same to appeare in this Courte crastino Purifca- 
tianis of the next HUlarie Terme, and shew good cause, 
why they should not pcrforme the said Decree made as 
before ; and why the Possessions of all the Premisses 
should not be established, accordinge as the same was at 
the Death of tlie said Cooper. 

Ex parte remanenli Regis, 
Mercmii xiii° die Fehruarii termino 
Scti Hillariit anno octavo Regis Jacobi. 

** Nottingham, 

*' Whereas in the matter heretofore dependinge in this 
X' -Courte, by Englishe Bill, betweene the most Reve- 

' "^ ' Sic. • 

' « rend 

Sfi Mary Magdalen near ^autre. 435 

" rend Father in God, Matliew lafe Archbishop of Yeorke 
** deceased, and Thomas Robinson, Defendant, beinge 
** for and concerninge an Hospitall^ founded for the Re- 
" lief of certayne poore People, and for a Maister beinge 
*' an Ecclesiastical person, called Mary Magdalen Ho- 
*' spltall, neare Bawtrie in i\\Q Countie of Yeorke, neare 
*' unto the Confines of the Countie of Nottingham, and 
" certayne Lands, Tenements and other Possessions, with 
*' one Pcncion or Rent Charge of five Pounds six Shil- 
*' lings and eight Pence, issuinge out of the Lands and 
** Possessions of the Priory of St. Oswald's, and one Rent 
V Charge of xxvi*. eight Pence, issuinge out of the Lands 
" of the said Archbishop of Yeorke, called Plumtrie Parke, 
*' belonginge and appertayninge, claymed by the Plantif 
*' to be an Hospitall of the said Archbishop's Patronage^ 
*' and by the Defendant to be a Chantrie or Free Chap- 
" pell, concealed from the late Queen's Majestie ; It was 
*' ordrcd by the Court, the sixt day of February, in the 
** xxxviii'''. yeare of the Raigne of the late Queene Eli- 
** zabeth, that John Cooper, then Maister of the said 
*' Hospitall, and his Successors, should have and enjoy 
'^ the same Hospitall, and all the said Lands, Pencions, 
" Rents, and other the Premisses aforesaid, belonginge 
** to the same, to be ira ployed towards the Relief of a 
f ' Maister, and certaine poore People, as by the said De- 
** cree more at large it doth appeare: And wheras the 
" Court was informed, that the said Cooper was lately 
** deceased, and that the now Lord Archbishop of Yeorke 
** did collate, and make, one John Slacke, Clerke, Mai- 
** ster of the said Hospitall, and that he the said Mr. 
** Slacke hath indevored to enter into the Possessions of 
*' the said Hospitall, and other the Premisses aforesaid, and 

« that 

426 Account of tJie Hospital of 

*' (fiat he was denied, and withstobde, by one John Brad- 
** le3>, Thomas Truswell and Bartholomew Wofendall, 
** some tymes Tenants of the said Hospital!, and other 
** the Premisses, to the said John Cooper, and sithence 
*' his Death are turned, and become, Tenants to one 
*' John Noble, Thomas Short, and Thomas Robinson, 
" who pretende some Interest in the Premisses under the 
** said Robinson ; And also that the Auditor of the said 
** Countie doth refuse to pay unto him, (he said Maister 
** Slacke, the said yearly Pencion of five Pounds, six 
** shillings, eight Pence per annum, and therefore he 
** moved the Courte for some relief herein ; It was there- 
** upon ordred by the Court, the xxiii*''. day of Novem- 
'* ber, in Michaelmas Terme last past, that a Subpoena^ 
*' under the Seale of this Court, should be directed to the 
" said John Bradley, Thomas Truswell, ' Bartholomew 
*' Wofendalle, and to the said John Noble, Thomas 
*' Shcfrt and Thomas Robinson, coramanndinge them to 
*• appeare in this Courte, crastino JPuriJicationis, this 
*' terme, to shewe Cause, why they should not performe 
*' the said Decree, made as before, and why the Pos- 
*' sessions of all the Premisses should not be established, 
*' accordinge as the same was at the Death of the said 
*' Cooper, as by the said Order more at large also it 
** doth appeare. Now upon readinge of the said De- 
" cree, and upon hearinge the Councell, as well on the 
" behalf of the said Mr. Slacke, as of tlie said John No- 
" ble, it is this day ordred by the Conrte, that the said 
*' Decree shal stand in force, and that the said Mr. Slacke 
*' shall have and enjoy the Possessions of the said Hospi- 
** tall, and all the said I^ands, Pencions, Rents, and other 

Adde, and, 


• '^L Mary Magd. near Baidre. • 4^7 

** the Premisses, without the Lett or Interruption of the 
*' said John Noble, Thomas Short, Thomas Robinsoa 
*' and Thomas Hurst, or any of them, or. of any other 
*' person, or persons, whatsoever, ' claminge b}-, from 
** or under them, or any of them, or under the title of 
♦* the said Thomas Robinson : and that an Injunction 
" shalbe awarded accordingly to establishe the Possession 
** of the said Mr. Slacke in the Premises. 

" And it was further ordred by the Court, that the 
" Auditor of the said County e of Yeorke shall, from 
'* hence forth, pay to the said Mr. Slacke the said year- 
*' ly Pencion or Rent Charge of five pounds, six Shil- 
" lings, eight Pence, graunted out of the Possessions of 
** the said late Priory of St. Oswald's, as afore saide, to- 
** gether with the Arreareages thereof. Provided al- 
** wayes, and it is neverthelesse ordred by the Court, 
*' that if the said John Noble, Thomas Short and Tho- 
*' mas Hurst have any new, or better, matter to prove 
** their pretended Interest in, and to, the said Premisses, 
** then heretofore they have shewed, that then they shal- 
" be at liberty to exhibite an English Bill upon the said 
" new and better matter. 

Ex' per Henricum 
Bahb pro 2uerente. 
Stanton pro Defendente. Fanshawe, 

Now after I gott the Possession at my greate Charges, 
I builded up the decaied Chappell, I repay red the Win- 
dowes with Stone, Iron, and Glasse, I made new Seats, 
and thePulpitt, and bought the Bell now in the Chappell. 


4S8 Account of the Hospital of &c. 

Et hoc exemplum reliquil sequentihits 
Johannes Slarke, 8f aliquid efficiamus 
quod sit vita dignum, ut Lactan, 

My BenefactouTs. 

Tobye ' Lord Archbishop > ^^ YtQxke^ 
Samuell * Lord Archbishop > 
Anthony Morton, Esq;, who was 
buried in the ChappelL 

ApOstrophat Hospitale, 

So I conclude and say with Mica 7. 8. rejoyce not 
against^, oh mine Enemy ; though I fall, I shall 
arise ; when I sitt in Darkenesse, the Lord shall 
be a light unto me. 

There is a free Rent of a pounde of Peper to be payed 
out of the Hospitall yearely to tlie Mortons, whos An- 
cestors were Founders of this Hospitall. 

'Matthew. *JIarsnet. ^ Adde, me. 





Discover'd near CONQUEST 


Supposed to be the Place where the ROMANS 
Conquest of BRITAIN was compleated. 

By an anonymous Author. 

( Ml ) 





Jifewly found out near Conquest in Sow- 
MERSETT, supposed to be the place where 
their Conquest of Britaine was com- 
pleated : 

By Philantiquarius Britannicus. 

from a 
MSt. lent 
me by Mr. 
West of 
A. D. 1722. 

N that most criticall year of our Lord 1666. 
two large earthen Pitchers, full of Roman 
Mcdalls, each tOi. Troy weight, were diged 
up by Labourers with Mattocks in ploughed 
fields, the one in ?laurcnce %itlUpartl, the 
other within the Parish of »)t05Umber adjoyning, and see- 
ing that ^ Nummus est rei certissimus testis, I can think no 

\ Camd, in Belg, 


443 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

other, but that the resurrection of so much of such an» 
cient coyne, so neare the same time and place, was, by 
speciall providence, to mind us (of these parts) of some 
memorable thing, or things, done hereabouts, now for^ 
gotten, and, therefore, I having thus long expected, 
shall now endeavour to extract, or pumpe out, the inter- 
pretation of this riddle, out of the mouth, or 
Antiqnity is best pen, of some ueighbourne Antiquarie, by de? 

illustrated by in- , , , , , , , . % mi ± • ,„„ 

habitants, who claring this my conjecture, (xiz.) 1 hat in some 
\\e.\o s°?ve7"an pl^ce of the valley, that extends, on the West 

circumstances of gide of <liuantoche, from '^autitoii to iLioiivajti, 

time, place and _-, , i t-» 

persons, »»tO0:umt)£C and ([(llatC^ett, the Romans com- 

pleated the conquest of so much of Britaine, as 
is now called England, (Wales and Scotland being then 
unatterapted by them,) and that the Romans throughout 
many ages afterward continued a Legion, or part of one, 
here, which they paid with such money as this, to pre- 
vent insurrection by Land, and invasion by Sea ; for de- 
monstration whereof, it will be requisite, in the first 
place^ to goe backe, and fetch my force as farr as from 
Julius Caesar, SfC. that I may run and leape forward the 
more vigorousely. Julius Cassar having once and againe 
audaciously ' envaded, and as shamefully evaded, Bri- 
taine, thereby forfeited his Triumphant Motto * Veni, 
"vidi, viciy was stigmatized with Veiiit, vidit) fugil, and 
scoffed at, by one of his own Poets, with a Territa qua- 
sitis ostendit terga Britannis. So that now he was ncr 
cessitafed to draw up all his forces into a fleete of 800, 
saile, and therewith envaded ' Britaine a third time, even 
to vindicate his honour, which lay bleeding in the dust 
amongst his late slaughtered souldiers : and now 

Sic H. * Sueto. Tranq. 3 Casf. Com. lib. bio. 


discover d near Conquest. 443 

Parturiunt montes, nalusque est ridiculus mus ; 
A mouse instead of a Mount, 

Kent, and a little more, subdued, and he return 'd. After 
Julius CcBsar came Octavius Augustus in his place, and 
he, being well contented with what his predecessor had 
wonne, lived and died in peace. After him rose up Ti- 
berius Cassar, which was scf over powred with civill 
Warres, that he had no opportunity to make any at- 
tempt on Britaine. And after him Caligula Caesar; and he 
had a great minde to Britaine, but would not adventure : 

Catus vult piscem, seel non vult tangere h/mpham. 

He ' came to Calice, where he looked over the Sea on 
Britaine, and put his Army in batalia on the Shore, in a 
braveado of a seeming attempt against Britaine. At an 
ebbing Sea, he commanded the Souldiers, upon the 
Sound of a charge, to fill their bosomes and helmetts 
with Shells, as Spoiles of the British Sea, whilest he, and 
some select friends, lanched out a little in their Gal- 
leyes, and, to perpetuate the memory of this vaine glo- 
rious, or rather ridiculous, action, he built ^ upon the 
shore, altissimam turrim, since called Britain ^UI0, 
(«. c.) :25ritainsf tOUSfe, appointing it for a Sea Mark 
with Fire on the topp by night, in imitation of that 
3 Phares at the Port of Alexandria. 

After Caligula rose Claudius Cassai-, who, by the in- 
stigation of Bericus a banished Britain, first sent Plautius 

' Suetonius de Calig. * Burt. Com. on Ant. It, in p. 15. 
? A ^a®- vel f flf f«j-. 

Vol. 11. P will, 

444: A Discourse about some Roman A?itiquities 

■with an armie into Brittaine ; after liira, he himself and 
Ostorius Scapula his Propraetor, with more and more 
forces, with which they subdued the greater part of the 
Island, which they could never have done, had the Bri- 
tish pettie Kings continued in such association, as they 
did under their Monarch Cassibellaunus in Julius Caesar's 
time ; but * J)uin pugnant singuli, nincnntur universi. 
And the Cantii, ^ Trinvhantes, Attrehatii, Regni, Do-^ 
buni, ^ Cattieudaniy Coritani^ Coniavii, Brigantes, Sfc, 
being gained, some by the Romane sword, some by un- 
voluntarie Submission ; there remained but two Provinces 
(of all now called England) unconquered, (viz.) the 
Iceni and the Cangi ; and the leeni being first subdued, 
they came in the last place to the Cangi of Somersett, 
and conquered thera also in this valley aforesaid. So that 
if we can trace this Roman Army by seaven Footstepps, 
which are left behind it, we may, at length, find thera 
conquering at ConqUC0t, and afterward quartering in the 
vally betweene ^cEauntOn and 2(llatt^£tt. The first of 
the seaveri Footstepps of this conquering Armie is, ac- 
cording to Tacitus*, decernable in the word Iceni, (i. e.> 
the inhabitants of Norfolke^ Suffolke, Cambridge shire 
and Huntington shire, who haveing submitted to the Ro- 
mans formerly, had now rebelled, but they, and their 
Confederates of the * adjoynind provinces, being subdued, 
all that part of the Hand submitted, and the Roman ar- 
mie ductus ^ est in Cangos alias Ganges, which was their 
* 2 second Footsteppe *, Cangi, (i. e.) the inhabitants of 
Somersett^ according to Mr. Camden, instanceing in 

' Corn. Tacit. 2 Trimob antes MS. H. ^ CatiieuctaviMS. H. 
4 Tacit, lib. 4. Ann. Camb. in Icen, i Sic. II. * Cor. Tacit, 


discovered near Conquest. 445 

the shadow of that name, continuing in four places of 

that County to this day, as Cam0ljam, (i.) Canffigiliam, 

the habitation of the Cangi ; CattnitlfftOn, (i.) the valley 
Town of the Cangi; Canmitggf, (i.) that is, the vallei/s 
of the Cangi; {[fllincauntOn, Armorice, &f Britaniiice 
CrtJjpnniCaiintOtl, (i.) that is, the bright, or pleasant, 
Towne of the Cangi, And to these fowr I can (if need 
were) add 1 1 more the like, as CangCChur, which » do- 
ctissimus ille taketh to be Cang;i-rr0-hun'e, (i.) Cangies 

Battlehurie; CanficlD, (i.) Cangi'-ficlti ; Canfott, (i.e.) 

Canffi-fOCU. and five more termiiiateing in 2DeU, rectius 
SDClit*, (i.) borders or confines, because they are scituate 
on the confines of the Cangi of Soraersett and ^ Duro- 
triges of Dorset, as CaunUcU, rectius CaUltHellt, (i.) 
the borders of the Cangi; pur0e CaimDcU, rectiiis ^tOCSS 
Canffi-Uclt, (i.) Purse Caugies borders, from * Graec. 
Bvpffdc, a purse or treasurie, the signe of the purse painted 
over the treasurie doore ; CauntlCll tJakr, (i.) the wa- 
tring and warding place of the Cangi on the borders ; 
»)tllCtOn CauntlcU, (i.) the Town on the River Stoiire 
on the borders of the Cangi; CaUllOeil ^aCC^e0jS and 
CauntlcU ©i0l)Op0, so cognominated in latter times, one 
from the Owner of the Soile, the other from the Nature 
thereof; €^nonSi %£^\ rectius <tm^i4l\^Q--%tV, (i.e.) 
the Valley habitations of the Cangi. As ^nffilllS 1,C^, 
rectius Cangi'-ljlU^'ILe^, the hilly habitation of the Cangi; 
or Cang;i DelltSf HCJ?, because it adjnyns to the black 
down, the bowndary between the Cangi and the Damno- 

» Arch. Usher in prim. Eccl. Britann. ^ From oiy^. * From 
But water and ttigiag habitation, because they dwell on the 
Sea Coasts. 4 Diction. Fra. Goldman. 5 Inhabitants of De- 
von so called from their dwelling under their hills. 

p 2 niij 

446 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquitieg 

nit, not Sil\Qt\\0'-%t^i or dwelling place of A ngeh, as if 
they had left their heavenly mansions, to dwell on the 
Earth, and rather here then any where else. And these 
15 Shadowes of the Cangi in Sommersett, and the con- 
fines thereof, arc the more demonstrative of the old Can** 
gies habitation thert'in, upon farther consideration of this, 
that there is no Towne nor Parrish (besides those in- 
stanced) in Devon, Dorsett, Glocestcr, or Wilts, that 
bath the Syllable, CaUlT, Cat! or <ZmQ in it, but only 
* Caune i» Wiltshire, whose right name is Cain, though 
enphonied into Cailfy because I ante n quksrit. Tlfe 
ancient inhabitants, therefore, of Soraersett being called 
Cangi, it will be necessary to know why so called. I con«» 
]. jecture at two reasons. First their Musick and singing to 
their instruments of Mnsick. For cailXCgr, CailU^tt and 
jjan are Synoniraicalis, signifying Canlicum Organi mu* 
sici, and the * British Call (Lcllft qOU Renault intimates 
soe (i. e.) the song, Ijuf^t or fllcntC is the song of old age, 
and the word Cangi, which seems to me to be ro.v a so- 
no, intimates, that the old inhabitants of this County 
were notablely addicted to Canging and Iwanging on 
their British harps, as their ofspring in Whales are stil! 
^ CanUtClin, to sing to the harp, whikst their herds and 
their flocks, feeding on their rich meadows and * moores, 
maintained their health, and mirth, without any such 
tilling and toyling, and as their neighbouring * SDUtlffttUll 
& TSotlimi endured, and upon that account the moderne 
Britaincs also of Wales, call Somersett (lDlaiJ;|j0r:l)af (i. e.) 

' Cambd. in Belg. ^ Dr. Davis Diet. Camb. Lat. ^ "Dic^a" 
rcbion ^gtfnraeg D. Da. ? dantelin to sing * to harp Beit. 
[* F. to harpe it. H.] 4 Lacte S( came vivunt. Jul. Caes. Lib. 5®. 
Camb. JDunU & TBoT^mi (i.e.) Hill contrie of Witts and 
South of Glost. 

discovej-'d near CoiiqvEST. 447 

merrie Sommerfield to this day. The inhabitants of So- 2. 
mersett were called Cangi, merry and musical!, from 
their worshiping the image of Apollo, or ' So/ their God 
of Musick, with his harp in his hand, especially in IBat^ 
their Metropolis, and being the Author of heate and 
healeing, and consequently of Mirth and Gladness, by 
the Bath Waters, which were therefore termed Aquas 
Solis by the Romans, and the People of the City and 
County Somersettenses, because / ante m quiescit, as ^a- 
mon not Salmon. Somersettenses^ (i. e.) Inhabitants of y 
or belonging to, the Sun-poole^ as the Anglo-Saxons for 
the same reasons esteemed them »>un:tttCrif0ttan, inhabi- 
tants of the'Sun-Poole, though, for easines in pronun- 
ciation, they spake them Summersett 'people. But neigh- 
ther the Romans nor Saxons called them so from that 
Town nearc ^l^^l^S^tt^t^? whose * ancient and right Name 
is ^UmurtOn, from ^IlfumurtOllS («. e.) runing Pcole- 

ton, but from Aqua Solis, ^ol'-mcrton, feunmerton, 

or Sun-pDole Towne or Citie of Bathe, and for this rea- 
son the Countie was antciently called both Promncia So- 
mersettensis 8^ Bathoniensis, & Westmonasteriensis saith ♦ 
that, Anno Domini 586. Reges West Saxonum domina- Somersett 
hantur in provinciis "BtXtZtl^ (i. e.) Dorsetensi, Suthe- nated'froiB 
ritnsi, Wiltoniensi, Sarisberiensi S^ Bathoniensi. Thus ^^"'' 
may we conjecture by the harmonious consent of these 
musicall names, Cangi (Blatl4T--|)Xlf, Agues Solis, ^unX' 
imV^Ztt, »>UnpOOle-tOn, how merily and melodiously the 

' Whose platter face * discovered and cleared, when I found 
plastred over in the chie Walls among those Monuments cele. 
brated by Cam. in Belg. this being more observable than all the 
rest. * [F. I discovered and cleared, zchen J found it 
plastred &c. //.] * .Ethelwerd Lib. 2. cap. 14. sFrom a 
runing Lake neare it. 4 Mat. West. pa. 105. 

P 3 Cans:i 

448 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

Cangi of this Countie past their time, till the Roman 
Armie rushed in among them, like a sudden and vio- 
lent storme, and put all their canging and twaningy cant' 
ing and chanting^ quite out of tune, and turned all their 
Mirth and Gladness into Sorrow and Sadness, battering 
downe and consuming their most antcient Metropolis 

Bath, then called ■ CaetT BiiDon, Caer Braitti the 

burning Citie *, ^r mnaint CaiC +, the first place being 
nearest to the Iceni, from which the Romans came, and 
then as they marched Westward ' vastati agri prcedce 
passim auctce, they wasted and plundred the Country, 
71071 ausis vicem hostibus, the Cangi not dareing to shew 
themselves in the Field ; but this must be taken with a 
Limitation thus, they durst not raise an Armie and fight 
the Romans at their first entrance into their borders, but 
that they did (though in vaine) afterward, when they 
came neere ♦ ^t\)iz fjolc upon 9^cnlippp, will clearly 
3. appear by the third Footstepp, which this Roman Ar- 
mie left behind it, (viz.) a longe Plate of Lead, plowed 
up neere <^t\)it I^Ole in (he Reighne of King Henry the 
Eighth, having this Inscription * : 

Ti Claudius Ccesar Aug P M 
TRIE P VIII Imp, XVI de Britan 

This was a ^trophic of a Victory, obtained therea- 
bout by Claudius Caesar over the Britons by the Armie 
aforesaid. And there are S more Footsteps, as I appre- 
hend, of the Cangies conquered Armie, viz. 

' The City of Bath, Mat, West, a Isaakson's Chro. + the 
anoynt or oyntment, *Mat l|oyiv. [*Lege, Kcn'l^oxiiy. H.'] ^ + Or 
Tac. [+L. Cor. Tac. H.] -tflDg Brittain <!Lmt\>t\U. ^ Cam. 
in Belg. 6 a Tg£(ptf, because it was erected, where the enemy 
was turned to flight. 



discovered near Conquest. 449 

^ of 1. Quartering-^ 
All mention'd by old \ g Fighting ( there. 
British Names ^ §. Buriall ) 

Of their Quartering in §)i\)\Z I^Ole, and consequent- 1. 
iy in other like Dens and Caves, as their mountainous 
military Mansions. For that Cave, viz. <Bt\)\Z ^OlC, 
was most antciently called CljCllCCne I^Olt, (i. e.) the 
valiant Souldiers hole-, as Britainc it self was called 'J^jnisS 
J CljCtiern, Insula fortimn \ 

Of their fighting in the Word Ct)Ctltl0J, being pro- 2. 
nounced as l&afeUtlC^, rectius CatlCr, (i. e.) Battle Fild, 
the Name of a Parish neare CljtDeCHe ^Ole, which, I 
suppose, is borrowed from that adjoyning Part of 9^011* 
Dppp, where the Battle was fought. 

Of the Buriall of so many of the Britans, as were there 3. 
and then slain in that great number of Burrowesy or "^ 
JBurie-Hills^ vulgo IBuCiaUsf, in and neare the said 

CtjetiDer or iBatlefielH* 

The 4*'*. Footstepp of this Conquering Armie of « 
Claudius is CanninfftOIl ^UnOcetl, which was then call- 
ed * Cangi, not so much in regard of the Natives thereof, 
as in respect of the Multitude of the Cangi of the whole 
County coming thither for Shelter, and to make resist- 
ance, it being secured on all Sides by Sea, Rivers and 
Mountaines, and by a large steepe Mount, fortified round 
the Toppe with Dyke and Rampire, in Canington Parke, 
and this was the old British CaniltfftOn, (i. e.) the Can- 
gies Vally Towne, and by that Name distinguisht from 

* H. Hunting. Lib. !». hist. Cap. i". Dr. D. Diet, Lat.Bitt. 
^ Camb. Britt. Editio 2a. in Indice. 

F 4 such 

450 A Discourse about some Roma.n Antiquities 

such hillj Towns as nDonjShun'C Ca0tle, &c. which were 
(onned, tjned or fortified witli militarie Works also, 

but that was SDon^boro (i. e.) 2Doun0lbojo, this dauing:* 

ton* And that the Roman Armie made their fourth 
Stepp hither, will appear by the very words of Tacitus. 
Jam ' ventum haud procul a mare^ judiciously translated 
n»ni. by Anonimus, ^ how the Romane Armie came near the 
Sea Coasts^ which must be as far West as »)t0pp I^OllttCiS 
and the River ^actet* For there, and not before it comes 
thither, the Sexerne is called the Sea^ and so far East- 
ward doth the Hundred of Canington extend also; and 
"whereas he saith the Army came near the Sea Coast, not 
to the Sea Coast it selfe^ which is (IfllilUtOn 1^Unl)?etl : 
5, The 5th. Stepp of the Roman Armie was ' ad locum, 

qui aspicit Hyherniam^ and that must be the Toppe of 
^©UantOCfee, rectius seems ♦ ^angl^tOC^, (i. e.) the Ca-oes 
of the Cangi, in which, it seems, some of the Cangi 
dwelt, as other in <3Dcl)ie: I^OlC, ^c or rather they came 
to the Toppe of the Toppe or highest Knoll of CatttOCl^, 

(viz.) Cotfjeriston ^iW, rectius Cotljel0ton4jill, (i. e.) 

Knowing or Kening Towne hill, from a becken, or bea- 
con, standing on the Toppe of it. For the Britans were 
the Erectors of Beacons ever since the Britons time, 
where an Hole through a Poste was their Prospective 
Glass, by which * occulatissimus might aspicere, though 
not perspicere, Il7/berniam, over the interjacent Hills, at 
least so farre towards it as the eye of Man can kenne. 

' Tac. Lib. 12°. Ann. ^F. now. H. ^ Tacit, ibid. 4 For 
^ there is no Q in the British Alphabet, s Saxon's Map. eCot|> 
aud tutci) signify knowing, and fecnincaguntOUfll) signifyes un. 
knowing & obscure, ^ Sic. H. 


discovered near Conquest. 451 

The 6^. Stepp of this conquering Armie I take to be 6. 
Conquett, two Miles Southwest from COtljelftOlt'^ W* 
where I shall endeavour to demonstrate, 

1 . That the said Armie came to this Conquett. 
g. That here was a Conquest. 

3. That it was a Roman Conquest. 

4. It was a Roman Conquest over the Brifans. 

5. That the Roman Conquest was made by Clau- 

dius Caesar. 

6. That it was a very great Conquest or Victorie. 

1. First, that the Romane Armie might easily come 
to ConqUCft being but two Miles, yea they must come 
thither, or return back againe ' re infecta. For there 
was no Food or Accomodation for Man nor Horse on 

the top of dantocfe. 

2. Here was a Conquest or Victorie ; how [elce could 
the place obtaine such a Name, if here had been no such 
thing? Is there, or ever was, any man so raadd, or 
foolish, to call his Hill or Field by the name of donqueOf, 
where there was never any Battle known or heard off ? 

3. That this was a Roman Conquest may be con- 
jectured, first from the Romane Name * thereof Co7i- 
questus, and ^ Conquestaniy and the reward of a Roman 
Conquerour, implicitely contained in the Cognomen of 
the ♦ adjoying parrish %m,lZXitZ H^tliacD, perhaps ant- 
ciently %mXW^ H^lliartl », holding forth the Laurell or 
Laurell crowne, the reward of a Roman Conquerour. 

' Refecta MS. //. »Dic. Fra. Goldm. ^F. Conquestum. II. 
* Sic. //. 5 1 have ^been informed^ that that was the ancient 

4. This 

46% A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

4. This was a Roman Conquest over Cangi, and it 
could be no other. For the Saxons compleated their 
conquest at ' 2Dcl)acani in Glocester-shire, the Deanes 
theirs at ©at^e, and the Normans theirs at :2Battle ^btlj 
in Sussex. The Cangi did * agmen carpere, (i. e.) se- 
lect and collect a great multitude of the ablest of their 
militia against the Romanes (according to my conje- 
cture) into the toppe of I^OttOtt ^lU, within a Mile of 
ConqUCtt, fortified it with a very strong Dike and Ram- 
pire, made a Sallieport, and a broad deep Avenue on 
the North side of the Hill, extending directly towards 
ConqUCff, by which they might inviseblely and sudden- 
ly issue out, and fall on the Romans there at their plea- 
sure. But it seems, all this availed them nothing. For 
a tradition of the Nortonians intimates, that they were 
miserably routed, {mz.) that a very great Heap of dead 
Mens Bodies lay uuburied at the Foot of the said Hill, of 
whose Corruption a Serpent was generated ', which de- 
voured living Men, and it seems that their Ancestors be- 
lieved this as their Creed, in the Place whereof, in the 
Roode Lofte in their Church, the Effigies of this Ser- 
pent is curiously carved, and painted, as having * the 
nether Parts of a Man to the Navell, the Man lifting up 
his Hands and Eyes io Heaven, and with open Mouth 
crying out for Help. But 

■credat ' Judceus apella. 

Non ego ' 

Hold ! hold ! and let the circumsised Jew, 
He not believe it, 'tis to strange to be true. 

' Will, of Malm. R. Hoved. Matt. Paris. * Cor. Tacit, lib. 
12 Ann. i In ^orme iLane, (i. e.) antciently Serpent iLatiPi 
4 Swallowed, s Juvenal Sat. 


discovered near Cosqu EST, 4;53 

But yet tbis story may intimate thus much in geaeraH, 
that there was a great Battel and Slaughter, that some 
monstrous creature (though not so great) was generated 
of the Corruption of the slaine, (Historie ' and Expe- 
rience giveing instances of the like:) and although in 
this Climate not so great as reported, yet great enough 
to araplifie this great Conquest over the Cangi. 

5*- That this Conquest over the Cangi was made bjr 
Claudius Cfesar, or his Propraetor, Anno Domini 50. 
For, beside that Trophic found neare ^tW ^Ol^' * ^^' 
(^ambden speakes of another, much like the former, 
which, we suppose, was erected in, or near, CaninfftOIl 
i^UnDCCll, which extends within 2 or 3 Miles of Con* 
qUCft, saying, Quid si de CangtSg minori inter Belgas 
^ nostras popello^ constitutum hoc fuisse Trophceum dixe* 
ro ? But let Claudius Caesar speke for himselfe in this 
Trophie : 


In aversa vero de Britannia : 

* where he spekes of certayne antcient Coynes of Clau- 
dius Caesar, discribing that Conquest and Trophie, and 
if neither those Trophies aforesaid, nor Coynes had ap- 

' In ailar Church the Picture of a Dragon, said to be gene, 
rated in a Close there, called Dr^agon Close. In J^sxhlZt Castle 
Gate the Picture of a monstrous overgroan Toad, said to be ge. 
Derated of the Corruption of dead Men in a Dungeon there. 
*Cam. in Eelg. Edit. 2da. inlnd. he there Englisheth Cangi, C^a* 
nington i^unUreti, in the sence aforesaid. ^ F. nostros. H, 
4 Camb. in Belg. 


454 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

pearedj we have enough of his Coynes found in the two 
Pitchers neere COIUJUfrt, to prove him the Conquerour, 
and describe divers things considerable both in himself 
and his Souldiers. The most antcient and greater part of 
these Coynes were of Claudius Cffisar, having on the one 
side his Image and this Circumscription, (viz.) Imp 
Claudius Aug: and some Imp Claudius V ¥ Augustus ^ 
the godly and happy Emperor Claudius Augustus, and on 
the other side certaine Hieroglyphicall Images, repre- 
senting some Heroicall qualifications of him, as he was 
a conquering Emperour, explayned by these and the 
like circumscribed sentences : Fcelicitas Augusti : or, 
Prccidentia Augusti. some having (he Image of Victo- 
rie, offering a liawrell Crowne to Claudius Caesar, and 
saying Victori Augusta ; and some offering up a Lawrell 
Crowne Jovi Victoria as if Jupiter ' the Conqueror had 
been a Juvans Pater to Claudius in his Conquest, there-: 
fore a Lawrell Crowne presented to him in this Place, 
thence called Can, and some other of the Coynes as 
they had such Image and circumscriptions aforesaid on 
the one Side, so on the other certaine Images representa- 
tive of some military vertue, requisite in conquering 
Souldiers, interpreted by these and the like Sentences 
circumscribed, jides Militum ; Spes Militum ; Concor- 
dia Mililum ; fortitude Militum, Sec. 

1 . 6. That this was a very great Victorie may appear by 
the common fame thereof, reporting^, that a very great 
Battle was fought, and Victorie obtained there, although 
I could never hear of any Instances of the particulars from 
the inhabitants by whome, when, how Sfc. But the 

2. Herculissimum argumenlum of the greatness of this Vi- 

* He is sdled Jupiter Opitulus also. Mundie ex Fest. 


discovered near Conquest. 455 

ctorie wasj t'-e splendor and magnificence of the triumph 
at Rome, for joy thereof. For Claudius ' returing 
home ' triumphavit maximo apparatu ; and Claudius, 
victoria potitus, Britannis arma ademit, Claudius hav- 
ing conquered, disarmed the Britans, and first he him- 
self, and then his son was honoured with the title Brit- 
tannicuSi a triumph, yearly playes, torches, bearing Tro- 
phies, Lawrell and navall Crownes, and other triumphall 
ornaments, ascending the Capitoll Staires on his Knees, 
his Son in Law Porapeius and Syllanus supporting him 
on either Side. 

7. The 7*. Stepp of this Armie I take to be, the 
whole Valley, extending from ^auntOIt to H^tDiam, 
fe)tO0:umber, ?L(liatC^ett, S^c. in which is very probable 
the Romane Armie, having conquered the Cangi as afore- 
said, some Partie of them quartered to guard and defend, 
what they had wonne, against the Rebellion of the Na- 
tives, and Invasion of Forriners, especially against the 
Silures of Southwales, which were yet unconquered. 
For although Tacitus saith, ortce apud Brigantes • discor- 
dicB retraxere ducem, certaine tumoults, sprang up among 
the Brigantes of Yorkshire, drew back the Generall, yet 
he saith not, and his whole Armie, he was so sensible 
(no doubt) of the late Rebellion of the Ice7ii, and now 
again of the Brigantes, that he would leave a sufficient 
guard behind him, and, therefore, this Vale is by Synecdo- 
che (the greater part of the whole) called "^L^UiatD *, 
rertms H'lLtO^tifarD, (i.e.) the green Vale, where the 
gaurding Armie was. And the Vale (especially neare 

* Sic. //. * Suet. Tranq. in vita Claud. Mellific. hist. par. 
1. pa. 149. ' Yorkshire, Lancashire, B. of Durham, Westmorm 
land, Cumberland, 4 Ch. Saxton's Mapp, 


456 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

the Sea Side of it, wbere was greatest danger of Inva- 
sions) was very full of particular <0uartl0 % ^acUgf, ^eatliS, 
©UCCOtJJJJ, 'QTucre^, 'CaftleiS, some partly, and some 
wholy, British-railitarie-Names, plainly declaring, and 
some of them were made use of as fortifications to de- 
fend the maritime Coasts, while the Britans lived in this 
Land, although under the dominion of the Romans ; as 

1. gacDg?, now called ^carUff, (i.e.) convenient Places for 
Cards to watch and ward on high steep Hills ; great tra-' 
veiling xmyes, as ^rclj^eattl or 0rcl)^arll (not ^CClb^rtr, 
for then the British Name would have been '^TinO jacti) 
'?iral\J3en or maejS p Drefi) being a Graeco-Britanick, signi- 
fying maine Gard or cheif Gard, in respect of such a 
Gard kept, perhaps, on the Topp of the round high Hill, 
on the East side of ^©cdjartl ^^OUCc, or that great tra- 
velling way neare the House, too and from the Sea 
Coasts, as ^ garti in ^.tttltdinlK, and ^avU in fetOffUm* 
ier. To these may be added Ijalfe ^eartl, (i.e.) Sum- 
mer Gard, being an high Hill neare CoiTlIje, »>J?lHl£nl)am 

Cum multis aliis, guee nunc perscribere longum est. 

2. t^£ali0, antcientiy 1^afD0, pcitnotiss fttaupt abont onat, 

(i. e.) video, because they could see and kenne afarr off 
from Heads of such Hills, as that at iSl^pnljCatl, <£ntt 

<SDuantotUjeati, aauK j^Duantocldjeati, ifitj^eaH, €va\xU 
lieaH, &c. 

S. 'ZirorrjS, (i. e.) such very steepe Hills, as need no For- 
tification at all, and these are now called %\jyv0) Angli' 

' Dr. Davis his Die. Cam. Britt. In voce &mi). * Neare 
jFaiW Crofs way, at a Cross way and passage over a River. 


discover 'd near Conquest. 457 

ce Coto0C!2f, as ^ovt in |5etelcomtie, ^tor ^i\l in ^(U 
liton, MicftVor t;«^g:o (LQlettotoer, 2Dunaorr, (iej 2Doton?? 

•^Orr or 'iltOC, so called before made a Castle. 

SucrOlD0, elaborate Fortifications, as ^rattOlt, (i.) ^' 

^ucrotDton, 2Dun0burcoto, CEltoort^ie BurroVoeiSf, 
and upper ^tanliurroto, (iJ »>tone Buccoto. 
CaftlejJ, fi-) diminitive Cattrum, as SDunftorc Cattell, 1. 

so called when the 2Dun0 '^Orc was fortified with Dyke 
and Rampire. 

^Uiflt), alias -^m €d^M\, fi.) ^OUCc Cattle, Tew 2. 
tonice. I have been credibly informed, that there have 
been square Stones digged up there as of a house, and 
know it to be * much more eminent and visible Place 
for a Sea Light, than the Turret of SDunftCV CaftcU, 
where such a one was maintained. But whither there 
was sucli a Brittain ll^Vd^^ as Caligula built, taceo, vix 

3Da\3je0 crectius^a^)€diitt[latmm^m, (i.) ^caps s, 

fD CaCttlU It seems the Hill was not, or not thought to 
be, high enough, and therefore they made a Superaddi- 
tion to it. 

SDouiStJce CaCtl0, (i.) 3DotonjStiucie, neare CaCt )©uans 4. 
tort can. 
CaCtle IjiU, (i.) a rounn Ijijit fortified l^noU, on the 5. 

West * West" of liet^CCCtOVoep, and 3 or 4 more neare 
it Westward. 

Two Castles in Cljat^ampton, rectius Cacr4jam=ton. 6. 

The fortified SDtoeUinfftOn, so called frum the said 7. 
Castles, which though fortified only with Dyke and Ram- 
pire, as the other Castles, yet so strongly, that the word 

F. a much, H. * F. delend. H. 


458 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

Cfl0t, from heb. Gadher, (i.) murus, doth compare it 
to a walled Citie. So that if the Roman Souldiers had 
all these, and many more, ^earD0, (Bacll^, %f atlgf, %^XX^, 
ISurCOtXigf and CaCtle0, to defend themselves and the 
Countrie, and the C mmand of the Britons as their 
Slaves, * to make what more, or other, militarie workes 
they please J, and doe what elce they required, could 
they wish, or desire, any thing more for their accommo- 
dation ? yes Money, the Nerves of War ; and Money 
enough and enough they had too out of their two Sih 
toar^, * (i.) purses, Mints or Treasuries amidst the 
Guards and Fortifications aforesaid, the one, which it 
seems was the greater, now written ^llctT, near ^Xt^- 

^earli, the other BictiaUer, rectius 2Bpc^anaU\33ar, (i.e.) 

Smaller ^int or 'Ercafun'e, and it seems that these 
Mints and Treasuries did so much superabound, that they 
were faine to burie one of the said Pitchers of Money 
within a Furlong of ^lltoer, 'viz. at Capton, and the 
other at ^ItDjtH'artJ the next Parish ; besides, perhaps, 
some hundreds, yea thousands, of such vessels full else 
where, which never did, or shall, come to light; and al- 
though some of the Money might be coyned farr from 
hence, yet some other Peices must needs be coyned 
thereabout, as may be inferred from a thinne superfigies, 
or rather some light Tincture on them, shining as if they 
had been silvered over, but if put into a Purse amongst 
other Money, and carried about a few houres, the said 
Superfigies vanished. For which reason I conceive it 

' For they complaind, that the Romans had worne out their 
hands and bodies, with labor, and 1000 of stripes in making 
such workes for them. Tac. in vita Agrico. * Dr. Da: Die. 
Br. La. 


discovered iiear Conquest. 459 

could not be brought from farr, and according to proba- 
bility from one of the said jSlltor^ of these Cojnes. 

The most antient of these Cojnes were sorts of Clau- 
dius Cagsar's, and as they demonstrate him to be the Con- 
querour of the Cangi at ConqueCt, so the rest, Doral- 
tius Nero, Domitianus, Trajanus, Antoninus, Victorinus, 
Septimius Severus, Tacitus, Galienus, Aurelius, Aurelia- 
nus, Tetricus, Qnintillus, Posthuraus &;c. yea almost all 
the Successors of Claudius about 600. Years, 'till the Ro- 
manes left this Hand, declare, that in these Maritime 
Parts, lying low, open and easie for Invasion, the Ro- 
mans kept guard, to prevent Rebellions and Invasions, 
and paid them with such Coynes as this, which was hid 
by them in such V'essels when they were all to rcturne 
home to defend their own native Country, but never re- 
turned to take them up. It is true, that in ancient Ages 
of the World, before the Invention of Money, Men were 
all for bartering of Commodities, as ' Diodeme ^ armour 
was valued at 10 Cowes, and Glaucus his Golden Ar- 
mour at 100. but I read of no Money, 'till Abraham 
^ paid 400. Shekles for a burying Place. The old Britons 
♦used Iron Rings and Plates for Money. The Graacians 
made a Law for the useing of Money, calling it ^ voi^iafxa,, 
awo Toy vo//.», the Latines^ pecuniam, a pecu, (the Image 
^ Cow 'being stamped on it,) & monetam, from * /xe'vw 
to ' retnaine, meinument & monument amongst such as 
used it. The Hebrews called it Sl^aljalj, the French gt^o* 

' Sic, pro Diomedes's. H. * Homer. ^ Gen. 23. 4 Caes, 
Com. from a law, by which they ordained it. s No^o^a MS. H. 
*F. of a Cozo. H. 7 From hence Bos in lingua. Juridici * mie- 
rituarii.Erasm.Adag. [* F. monetarii. IL] * U'^^^w MS. H. 9 F. 
remaine a meinument &c. H. 

Vol. II. 9 nop, 

460 A Discourse about some Roman Jntiquittes 

nO^, the Spaniard 9l5onctia,tbeGermans9^Unij, the Anglo- 
Saxon ' Mynet, unde milU, and so regina pecunia Mundi. 
But we must rcturne to the Roman Money, and speke a 
little of the Valuation thereof, and so leave it. The an- 
cient Roman Coyne ^ was called As, (not quasi, but) 
quia aes. At first an Js consisted of a full Pound Weight. 
Afterward, in the Punick Warr, by reason of the scar- 
city of Money, they made of every Pound of Brass 6 of 
the larger Coynes, each valuing as that one at first. In 
the second Punick Warr 12 made of every Pound, and 
afterwards 24 of a Pound, of which six are our largest ^Mc- 
dalls, and made for honour and to continue the memorie 
of Princes, yet they were currant as the smaller, though 
all the same value, (viz.) an halfe penny farthing a peece, 
ye ten of them were the price of a sheepe, and ♦ an 
100 the price of an ox. The next probable argument, 
to prove, that the ' maritime Parts were gaurded by the 
Romans, as aforesaid, is, that they were as carefuU to 
keep and preserve what they had conquered, as indu- 
strious to conquer, according to their maxirae : 

Non minor est sirtus, qiidm quoirere, porta tueri. 
Catch is a good dog, but hold fast is a better. 

And, therefore, when they had conquered all Britainc, 
Antoninus, who " began to rule as Emperor ' about 40 
years after Claudius, divided, or caused to be divided, 
all Britaine into 16. Iters or Itineraries, each consisting 
of (12 and between that and 20) Mansions or Stations, 

' SDunoU, MS. //. * Godwin Antiqui. Varr. lib. 4. Ling. 
Lat. Plin. Lib. 35. cap. 14. ? Can. Rem. God. Anti. pa. 230. 
4 And MS. H. s Maritine MS. & sic infra. //. ^ Isaakson^s 
Chrouolog. Antonm. Itin. i AOoMS. H. 

discover'd near Conqv EST. 461 

(i.e.) encamping Places, fortified with Dyke and Ram* 
pire, on the toppe of high and steepe Hills, the Re- 
inaynes whereof are extant in many Places to this day. 
And the three Legions, (i. e.) about 1800 Romans Soul- 
diers, were distributed amongst these Itineraries and Man- 
sions, according to their discretion, to prevent Insur- 
rections and Invasions, 6 of ' these Mansions (with their 
subservient militarie Fortifications) were designed to 
guard the South Sea Coasts of this West Part of Bri- 
taine, (viz.) Isca * Danmoriorum^ now Exeter, ^ Mori- 
dum now Seaton, Durnovaria now Dorchester, Vindo' 
gladia now IVinburne, Regnum now Ringwood, and 
Clansentum now Southampton. So likewise there were 
7 more of those Mansions to secure the South part of 
Wales against the Severne, as Ahone now Avington, Feji^ 
ta Silurum now Caerzcent, * Esca Legionum now Car- 
icon, Bovium now Boverton, Nedus now Neath, Leu- 
carum now Loghor, and ^ Maridumum now Caermar' 
then, and can any man be so void of reason, as to think, 
that botli those Sea Coasts ought so much to be guarded 
and regaurded, and that this Sea Coast being either land, 
and of greater consequence to the Hand, should be alto- 
gether slighted ? No. For although Antoninus his Iti- 
neraries ^ mentions no mansions of his, or North Sea 
Coast, yet ' there were many such fortified Places herea- 
bout, may be conjectured by the great multitude of An*, 
toninus Coynes * in the Pictures, intimating the mulli- 

» Bur. Cora, on Ant. Itin. * F. Daiimoniorum. H. J F. Mo. 
ridunum. II. 4 F. Isca. H, 5 F. Maridujium. It is confounded 
in Antoninus with the other Maridunum, Moridunum or ATw- 
riiluniun, (which is Seaton) as is noted both by Mr. Camden and 
Dr. Gale. H. ^ p, mention, nisi raalis, Itinerat^y. H. 7 F. that 
there. 11. ^ 3 times as many of * Antonius Coyns, as any other 
of the Emperors, Claudius only excepted. [^F.Antoninufs H.] 
« 2 tude 

462 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

tude of Souldiers belonging to them, ^vliicli were to ic- 
ceive thera as their pay in these parts. 

1. To these ' these may be added these 3 more Arguments 

briefly. First, that, during the whole time long of the 

'""^ Romans dominion here, there was never any Invasion of 

JO years. . . '' 

these maritime Paris, because, it seems, it was known 

2. how well they were fortyfied at that time. But shortly 
after the Romanes had relinquished Britaine, (viz.) iti 
the time of the Anglo-Saxons, these maritime Parts were 
invaded 8 times. But the Natives, in all the invasions, 
stoutly defended themselves, and destroyed them which 
invaded them, and this they did by the help of the 
King's Armie, or Parties of the same, which was divided* 
in Australi* 'parte of the Seaverne, opportitna per loca, 
and the opportuna per loca, I conceive, were those, and 
the like Gards, Heads, Torrs, Burrowes and Castles afore- 
said. And this will more clearly appear by the circum- 
stances of the said 8 invasions and Repulses, as they arc 
described by authentick Historians, some of them living 
and writing in, and some shortly after, the time these 
things were done. Seaven of the 8 Invasions on these 
maritime Parts were made some in the Reigne of King 
^Alfred, and the rest betwene that time and the Nor- 
man Conquest, whicli was Jrmo Domhii 1066. And, 
therefore, it will be requisite to declare the condition of 
King Alfred and this Kingdome, as it was in the begin- 
ning of his Reigne, for the better understanding of these 
Invasions and Repulses afterward. 

Tile Danes having subdued the greater part of this 
Kingdome, before the begining of King Alfred's reighn. 

' F. tha^e. nisi delere malis. H. * Flo: Wig. pa. 600. J IIq 
U'g^n \i\s. reighne anno Din 872. 


discovered near Cos<iVEST. 463 

the first nine years thereof he strove, with that little 
power left him, to recover from them all that was left, 
but all in vaine. For they gained still more and more 
from him, till they had ■ left him no more but the three 
Counties, Sommersett, Wiltshire and Hampshire, and 
those too Jide ^xigentes; and now they brought an in- 
numerable multitude of their heathonish nation, under 3 
more of their Kings, to subdue and possess this small 
remnant, and quartered and rendevouzed at, and about, 
<ICl)ipUant neare iSatljC, and when none could resist them, 
they took all for their owne, whilest some of the Natives 
fled out of the Kingdome, some into deserts and moun- 
tains, rocks and denns, Kc. yea the King himself was 
necessitated to fly for refuge, with a few of his nobles, 
into the Isle of ^ Sit^zlm^y near BurrO\5) hUlDgC Som- 
mersett, where lie lived secretly by fishing and fowling, 
whilest he quartered with a swineheard in that inaccessi- 
ble moorish place, waiting for better times, where, for 
his recreation, having obtained dexteritie in the art of 
jugling, he under the disguise of a jugler, adventured 
to the Camp of the Deanes, and insinuated first with the 
Souldiers, and then into their King's presence, where 
having observed their security, and learned such of their 
counsel, he secretly retourned to his homely quarters, 
wherein having suddenly and covertly raised a consider- 
able power in the County of Sommersett, he marched 
then to ♦ »)tltoOOll in the East of that County, and from 
thence, as out of an Ambush, suddenly fell on the Deanes, 

* G. Mai. in lib. 2. cap. 4. Mat. West, inpag. 170. Flor. Wig^ 
gorn. pag. 191. H. Huntingd. lib. 5 Histori. Rogerus Howed. 
Ann. parte prima. * F. vagantes. H, The noble lie, so called 
Hpon this occasion, 4 Great wood. 

Q 3 and 

464 A Discourse alout some Roman Antiquities 

and routed them at COinUon in the West of Willshire, 
and pursued them usqne adfirmitatexn suam, (i. e.) some 
fortijied place of theirs, ■where when he had besieged 
them 14 dajes, they were constrayned, * throng hunger 
and cold, to yeild themselves up to his mercy, give 
pledges, sweare they would depart the Kingdome, and 
promised ' that" their chiefest King Gudn, alias GiC' 
i/irum^i should be baptized a Christian, who shortly after, 
with SO of his noble men, came to King Alfred, at ^s' 
lere (i. e.) ^1102, near Athelney, and were all baptized 
accordingly. King Alfred himself being ^ Gurmund's 
Godfather, and named him ^E't heist ane, (i. c.) Royal or 
precious Stone, and Alfred having feasted him there 12 
dayes, dismissed him with many rich presents. King Al- 
fred having thus, by his Wisdome, Valour and Mercy, 
recovered the greater part of the Kingdome, yet some of 
the Deanes, which were still left in the Kingdome, con- 
spiring, with others, which still swarmeing (as out of an 
hive) out of Denmarke, made Invasions upon Invasions, 
sometimes in one place, sometimes in another, and parli- 
culerly in 8 places of the maritime Coasts aforesaid. ; 
1. The first invasion of the Deanes in these Coasts was 

^Itttentiune, *now ^itfljam on Seaveme, a little East- 
ward of ©rentfenoU, of which King Alfred having speedy 
intelligence, drew thither a seeming invincible Army, 
and ' beseighed by land, and also by Sea with his fleet, so 
long, till the Deanes had eaten up all their provision, 
and after that their horses, and then they endeavoured to 

* Sic. MS. pro through. ' Bis occurrit in MS. H. * Quern 

nostri Gurmundum vocant,Gv\\. Malm. lib. 2. cap. 4. ^(ffurwunli 

signi. ailstnoutl), (i.) aCatealian or G;«<^/ow, whence a Glutton 

is called a ^urmuntiijer* 4 Matt. Westmon. p. 179. II. Hun. lib. 

6°. Hist, i F. besieged it by. II. 


discover 'd near Conquest. 465 

escape away through that part of the King's Army, whicli 
lay on the East part of (he River, wliere, in the sharp 
conflict, Ordenms and many others of the King's Array 
■were slaine at the first encounter, but the Christians pre- 
vailing at length put the Pagans to flight, a great num- 
ber of them being drowned and shiin witli the sword, and 
a great number of those which escaped fled to ' %t^ZXZ^ 
ftcr, Jnglo-Snxonice (LQildjalC, now Cl(U00rle, tive miles 
Northeast of }5itlilj3ni, where they associated themselves 
to a strong partie of theirs, which had fortified themselves 
so ^ impregnable, that the King finding it so, although 
he did not besiedge it, yet burnt up all things round abont, 
that might yeild sustenance, whereby they were con- 
strained to forsake the Countrie of their own accord. 
A second Invasion of the Danes ^ on these two maritime ^' 
parts, was at the mouth of the River ^gdced, which 
runs by, and gives name to, j]^OCtt and ^OUt^ ptDtClls 
ton, vuigo Petliectoa, ^qjiton, ^c but now eupho- 
iiied into ^EJCet, whose muthy (now mouthy) then, it 
seems, lying open, without any party of the Army of the 
King to defend it, received a fleete of 35 of the Danes 
largest Ships, man'd with a great number of Sea-men 
and Souldiers, but venerable ♦ Alestane Bishop of Sher- 
bourne, Duke Ernulph with the forces of Soramersett, 
and Duke Osred ' \\ith'' Iiis Dorsetanians, gave them 
battle, and there slew very many of them, and obtained 
a very glorious victorie apud ^i\yczXsit)^Z^ Whereas this 
Victorie was obtained at the mouth of the River ^CU* 
ratj I suppose the particuler place was ;25r0nts1iinoll. 

' L. Icgcceflet. Vide Chron. Sax. p. 95. //. * Sic, pro 
impregnably. H. ^ H. Hun. lib. 2. Histor. ♦ Alias Ale Stan stxsdi 
Algstan. 5 Bis occurrit in MS. 

Q 4 withia 

A Discourse about some Roman AntiquUies 

>vithm a mile or two thereof. For the tradition of that 
Place is, that the Danes invaded and burnt the three Par- 
rishesof^OUtl) and Ca0t Brent and BujCtteliam, which, 
I suppose, took their Names from their burning or ' Bren- 
ning, as 23r0lttfOCtl, now Brai'uroUti, near London did 
upon that account. And this may be yoi farther con- 
firmed by Bcent'-l^noU it self, which is a very high and 
steep Burrow or Mount, the topp whereof fortified with 
dyke and Rampire, in which the Danes, probably, seat- 
ed themselves, and by a Ground almost plain on the 
Southside of the said hill, by estimation two Acres, call- 
ed Battlthur^, where the Battle might be fought, and 
the Victorie obtained. The third Invasion on these Parts 
was* apud ^BDJtlOCait ^ s latino j Britt. ^^I'pport, aliier 
pOrtlOCatt (from Britt. ^^XtXh a port, and Grac. '^^oxsTov, 
a dock or receptacle for Shipping) but now pOtlOCkf, 
where the Danes in the night, leaving their Shipps on 
the shore, plundered and burnt the said Towne, and 
other Places adjoyning, but were all slain by a partie of 
the King's Armie, which was desighned for the defence 
of that Coast, and the present Inhabitants of that Towne 
speke traditionallie thereof to this day, and if they were 
silent, the burnt Foundation Stones of some of the ant- 
cient Houses would proclaim the truth thereof. The 
4^*^. Invasion was apud ' CLtLl0Cl)CpOrtj alias ^et!)pOJt, 
Ci. e.J SSlatC^ett. Thus the heathonish Danes having 
left Briltaine, for the space of J 9 years, at length return 
hither, under the commaund of Ohterus and Rhoaldus 

' Benning MS. H. * Flo. Wig. Chro. ex Chron. H. Hunt. lib. 
5.Histo. Ro. Hov. paria Wigg. cxc ^F. Laiine, yel seimone 
Latino. H. 4 TaySm MS. H. s R. Ho. p. l^ Wig. ex Cro. 
|Iun. Hist. lib. 5". 


discover' d near Conquest. 467 

(beir Generalls, and having sailed round Cornwall, came 
into Seavernej plundered and burnt upon the Sea Coast 
wheresoever they had opportunity, but the King had dis- 
posed his Armie into convenient places of defence from 
the River Avon, which runs through Bristol!, along the 
Sea Coasts to Cornwall, notwithstanding the Danes brake 
into (IfllatCllCtt by stealth in the night, plundered and 
' burnt the same, and then they marched toward the 
other part thereof, which must be (IfllilUtOtt, where a 
part of the King's Armie * using out of their fortifica- 
tions, there met them, as they were coming encountered 
them, and slew a great number on the place, pursued the 
rest to (IZUatC^Ctt, and slew as many as could not swime 
to their Shipps. But the Anglo-Saxons Duke, or Gene- 
ral!, Godman (sometimes abbreviated into Goda) and 
their valiant Champion Streame Gidd, and divers other 
of the King's Armie were slain also, upon which Victo- 
rie the Anglo-Saxons made two solemn triumphs, the 
first in loco funeris^ the second in loco jluminisy accord- 
ing to the words of my Authors. And now let us rc- 
turne, and enquire after some Remaines and Monuments 
of this Victorie. The Field, in which this battle was 1. 
fought, must be the rich plaine or vale (now divided 
into meadowes and pasture) betwixt cL(llatCl)ett and 
ClfllilUtOn, where the Danes were encountred, as they 
were coming to JLtUilUtOtt as aforesaid. 

The locus funeris, or buring place, of the slaine, I g^ 
suppose, was (BabbUCCO, alias CBcat)burp\lie0, where, it 
seems, the greatest furie of the battle and slaughter was, 
and where the remainder of three huge moles or bur- 

" They burnt Sea port Townes, that they might land again 
without resistance. * F. rushing sive issuing. H. 


A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

rowes, each 120 yeards round the Basis, and so of a 
proportionall pyramidall height and forme, as first ap- 
peared to be the iJUn'alljS, alias \iW\it\)\\\^, of the dead. 
For by the often diging, and carrying away of much 
earth from them, to dress the ground adjoyning, some 
times in one, and some times in another, have been 
found fragments of mens bones, and sometimes sepul- 
chres composed each of three broad stones, like Tombe 
stones, two of them lying along on their edges, about 
two foot distance, and a third lying flatt on the topp, 
the both ends walled up closely, and the concavity con- 
taining peices of mens bones, and these latter I take to 
be monuments of such Anglo-Saxons, as were slain and 
there buried, as the others, lying confusedly, were re- 
maines of the Danes, for which there was no such care 
taken. And as res ipsa, so vox ipsa (BcabbOCrOtDe^, 
spekes the same (BcaiJC BurrOtXiesS, (BcatjebUJJOe being 
a Teutonick ', (viz,) an old Germanick, word, common 
both to the Danish and Saxons, signifying both a Sa- 
xonick Danish monument, being compoundded of (]5rab 
and hUtO, and either of them signifies a grave : but (Brafa 
(from the Teutonick CuahCll, to digge) signifies pro- 
perly the pit which is digged, hUCO, and so hUJlC, signi- 
fies the heap raised upon the pitt, sometimes long and 
small, as our ordinarie Churchyeard Graves, "^ some 
round and high, as these (15^at)bOUJ?OeSf ; but here (i5rabl) 
and buuo joyned together, to make a compleatc discri- 
ption of this compleate sepulchre of the slain Saxons 
and Deanes. The most ancient grave ^, that I read of. 

* All Germany spake the Teutonicke language, and so the Sa- 
xons, Deans, S^c. difiered in language but dialectically. Verst. 
An. p. 116 & 123. ^ F. Sometimes. H. 3 Gen. 23. 




discovered near Co^ (IV EST. 469 

vas called in Hebrew Keher, and in Greek y-px^Qaros^ a 
bed or death bed, unde Lat. Grabbalus, properly a bed 
to rest on in the after noone, metaphorically in the etetiing 
of this life, unde Belgick ■ CPraf, Saxon <0ruf, English 

(0cat3e, Teutonick CPrab and (l^caMjam, (I. e.) graije 

lome, alias lonff l)0mc, and Anglo-Saxon and Danish 
(Bcabburroe, in which, after their furious fighting, they 
sleep quietly together. 

But as these 3 (BcabbUCrOCgi are to be looked on as se- 
pulchres of the Anglo-Saxons and Danes, so also as Tro- 
phies of the Anglo-Saxons. It was the common practice 
of the ancieijts, to triumph in, or neare, the field, where 
the victorie was obtained, and to erect * Trophies, (i. e.) 
Luge Burrowes, Fillers, Arches, &ic. in the places, where 
victories were obtained, to perpetuate the memory, both 
of the victorie and the triumphe. So that, as here was 
nfunus as before, so a dominantur in loco funeris, a do- 
mineering or triumphing in the place of the funerall, and, 
consequently, these 3 (0cabburCO\3)00 were 3 Trophies 
also of the victorie here obtained, and the triumph here 

But there was another domineering or triumphing, be- 
sides this, and consequently other Trophies also. Angli ' 
loco dominantur Jluminis^ the Anglo-Saxons triumph or 
domineere in the place of the River, not in the River, 
but in the place of the River, (i. e.) (IflliUitOn, which ad- 
joynes close to the River, and indeed here was the great- 
est cause of joy, triumphing and domineering, when the 
village was so seasonably preserved, when the Enemies, 

• Vid. Minsh Die. ^ Tropasum & trophaeum, ex r^oTri rgs- 
•nu, quo significatur fuga hostium. Goldm. Die. Godwin Ant. 
p. 275. J Rogerius de Hoveden Annal. pars prior, p. 427. 


A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

like hungry Lions, greedy of their prey, were so near at 
hand, with open mouths ready to devour them, and all 
theirs. If the King's arraie dominantur in loco funeris^ 
then much more ' Willitonians now dominantur in loco 
Jluminis, and if the King's arraie erected 3 (0cal)t)UCrOC^, 
as Trophcs of this Victorie and triumphe, the Willito- 
nians will erect 3 Crosses (in their Teutonicke language 
%Xt\Xt^t^) in emulation of them. For what else could 
move them to erect 3 formall Corosses, so near together 
in one village, when scarcely one was to be found in a 
Royal City, but to perpetuate the memorie of this vi- 
ctorie and triumphe of the Christians over Pagans ? the 
originall of which partie was this ; * Maxentius, a Pagan 
usurping the Roman Empire, Constantine, who was al- 
most perswaded to be a Christian, raised an army to sup- 
press him, and to that end marching towards Rome, 
where Maxentius tyrannized, there appeared unto him 
by the way, and to his army, at noone, the lively fi- 
gure of a Cross in the heaven, with this inscription in it, 
In hoc vince ; ? which Christ interpreted to him in a 
dream the night following, by which his Faith in Christ 
crucified being confirmed, he passed forward with much 
alacritie. Maxentius hearing of his approach, drew out 
his army into the field beyound the River, on which he 
made a bridge of boates, called Pons ♦ Mihius, so falla- 
ciously, that, when any considerable weight of men 
should come on it, it should break and sinke; but Ma- 

' F, the Willitonians. H. *EiisebiusPam : in vita Constant: 
5 Constantine himselfe did, with an oath, confirme the truth 
hereof to Euscbius, who wrote this storie from his mouth. Euse- 
biusPamphil. lib. 10 de vita Const. Anno Domini 306. " Milinus 
},l<. JI. 


discovered near Conquest. 47 1 

xentiiis being routed, was necessitated to endeavour to 
fly out over that bridge, which he had contrived against 
Constantine, which sinking, he himself, and very many of 
the cheif of his army were drowned, whereupon Con^ 
stantine entred into Rome, without resistance, was crea- 
ted the first Christian Emperour, erected multitudes of 
such ' Crosses in every place, as Trophies of this his vi- 
ctoria over the heathens, and afterwards Christians ob- 
taining Victorie over Pagans did the like, and so the S I 
Crosses of OiOmUtOn might be erected, as such Trophies 
of Victorie over such Heathens. 

Of this Victorie of Constantine, Prudentius, a divine 
Poet of the same age, singeth an eTriyUiov, thus englished 
by Dr. Meredith Hanmer, in the life of Constantine*. 

The Christian Captaines coming to the wall 
The Milvian bridge can zailnesse, ajid withall 
Which did the trecherous Tyrant soon deceive. 
And shrunch azoay zchile Tyber did receive 
Him and his host, and it did also see 
His conquering Armies get the Victorie, 
While his Coulors in the aire displayed tsere. 
Which his revenging hand did boldly rear. 
Their armour shined with a radient flame. 
And on his ensigne Christ's most holy name 
Was there embroydered on the purple ground. 
In golden letters on their buckler round 

' My brother near IBatt) had a stone Coffin diged up in his 
grounds, near which he found a brass Coyne, on one side with 
this Circumscription, Const antinopolis, which was the name of 
Constantine, and his imperiall Citty ; on the other side, an Angel 
holding such a Crosse in his hand, « Eusebius Pam : in vita 
Con. translated by Dr. M, H. 

472 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

Thej/ engraved Christ's name, that precious natne of 

And golden Crosses on their helmets place, 

5. A fift monument of (his fatal battle, is a stone of 
8 foot high above ground, but, before a part of it was 
broken away, I suppose, so much higher. It is no\r 
called, in the full of the mouth, IjOOCC^CtOHC, according 
to the dialect of Somraersett, which varies !)CC into IjurC, 
/ and to^ere into tof^OCC and toIjOOrCj but I cannot be- 

lieve any one to be so simple, as to think this to be an 
ancient monument of some whore ; for then it would 
^'-^ have been called ' ^^tt Ctone. But, doubtless, the an- 
cient name was either i^CCeCtOn or l^etoC-rtOlte, of ^itt- 

ttonz, (i. e.) 2Dufee'0 ^toncor (Benerair^ ftone Anglo- 

Saxonice. For though a Generall at first was called I^CCts 

jug; and ^ecftoffl), («.) a IL^tts Cugger (unde tona^,) 

because he went foremost, and tugged or drew his Ar- 
my after hiin by his exhortation and example, as Julius 
Caesar, who never said ^7^, hwi venife; yet Tcutonice he 
was, and is, called ^ tTeltli^CUC («. e ) f je'.U CPenCCaU, 
and for brevity =l^CCe ^EtoCUCCteil, {i. e.) that is, ficft 
or prime XorH or dommanDeC, and sometimes ' l^£tor» 
\ And if the right name of this stone is l^eucrtOU, it signi- 
' fies the Generairs, or cheif ^ Commander's Stone, who 

' Verst. Ant. p. 261. I know not with what reason some write 
'^" '^ to^ore, seeing the ancient name is ^grc, from the letting her 
body to hire. » Minish. Diction. Vers. Ant. p. 247. * InCorQ- 
Avall the chiefest of the Seamen, standing on the topp of the 
highest knoll, discerneth the notion, and directeth the taking of 
the Skull of herring, by signes and tokens, which he maketh 
with a long stemmed brush in the Aire : and he is also called 
tlft |)uer, because he is the cliief Commander of fishermen, the 
other of Souldiers. 


discover' d near Conquest. 473 

being slain as aforesaid, was buried here. For to die 
and be buried in the feild was most honourable, and 
this stone, as I suppose, erected as a Filler or the Grave 
of Generall Godham, according to the practice of the 
Antients. As Deborah was buried under an Oake, in- 
stead of a Pillar, Gan. the 35. Rachell under a piller, 
ibid, so Absolom raised a Piller to this end, 2 Sam. 18e. 
18. though he could not be buried under it, but a heape 
of Stones. So many of the Roman Emperours, Popes 
and Potentates. See Burt. Com. on An. Itin. S^ Inigo \ 

Jones, in his Stoneng restored. So at »)tan.tOns3DrUC, 
near Bristol), ^ZclburtOtX IjlU in Wilts, ^OCfeCnOVtOU iu 
Oxfordshire, battels fought S^c. great stones 

erected, as pillers, on the graves of eminent men there 
sbiin and buried under them, fragments of bones yet re- 
maining. Q. But what doth (BOllliaiTt signyfie, and why Q^ 
was he so called ? (BoD signified with the Anglo-Saxons A. 
as now with us, and '^aiU signified an house or home. So 
that (15olJ^am S (i.) Godshouse or Godhouse^ and, as others 
look their names from Woods, Hills and Valleys, in, or 
near, where they dwelt, so this man, from such Church 
or Cliappel, then called (BoMjam, and what (0Ollljam 
more likely, then that most ancient Chappell of (Lfllllll- 
ton, and so called in the Anglo-Saxons times ? and why 
might not (Botll^am take his name from his dwelling near 
this Chappell, as well as Stream C-toOUlD, the other Cham- 
pion, from his dwelling at, or near, »)tCCame, as shall 
be shewed? It may be answered, that, if any CSotlljani 
anciently had dwelt in that ancient Manor-house, there 

' The Anglo-Saxons delighted in godly Names, as (25otl|jam 
^oUatH, (i.) Yodam Yeard, or Chiirchyeard ^ (SoUtoinr, (i.) God^s 
love; (Sotifiie, (i.) God's peace. 


47.4 A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

liad been some coulour for it. But it may be replied, ant° 
ciently one Ursus dwelt in it, and left his cognisance, 
(viz.) 3 bears heads, in his Chamber window, apparent to 
this day, and this Ursus might be called at first ^0Ut0 l\Hll^} 
(\. e.) the Lord's house, as well as ' (0Otl^am, (BoMjant, 
Gods house, but euphonied out of that harsh word hewrs 
haus iiUo Ursus, as Ursus, for the same reason, into 
SJrfC, according to William of Malmsburie% which saith, 
that, as soone as William the Conquerour was anointed 
King by Alredus Archbishop of Yeorke, the King made 
one Ursus sherrife of Worcestershire, and he, (according 
to his Commission,) begining to fortifie Severne, the 
first Castle which he built, was that of WLOtttHtV, but 
built it so near the Abbey, that part of the Abbey 
Church Yeard sanck down into the Castle trench or mote, 
whereupon the said Arch Bishop denounced a curse on 
Ursus in these Words, ^HtzU t^OU tltCe, |)ate tljOU (Botl'g? 
CuCfe. Whence I iriferre, if this Stone be t^ueriftonc, 
it is, Lords Generalh Stone, if "iBxlZ-'^tQXiZ, it is, Ursus- 
Stone, if 1^l{CC=ftOnC and Elcre^ftOIte, then Lord Generall 
Ursus his stone, who might be father to Sherife Urse in 
respect of time ; for this Battle was fought in the Reigne 
of King Ethelred, about 60 years before King William 
the Conquerour : and in respect of Office, the one (it 
Seems) succeeding the other in guarding the Severne» 
Coasts. 3 in respect of honourable blood ; for Serrife 
Ursus was xir generis prceeminentia conspicuus^. 
Q And as I suppose (BotaiU dwelt, or quartered, at, or 
near, (BoDam, fviz.) (LOllllltOIt Chappel, so I am confi- 
dent, that the valiant Champion »)t?eamC--tO0UlD dwelt. 

' Sic. H. * Willielm. Malm, de Gest* Pont. lib. 3. p. 271- 
i Rogerius Hoved* parte 1'. 

discovered near CoiiqvEST. '*'^. 

or quartered, in, or near, ' ^tcam-lDOUltl, (?*. c.) ^tceamC- 
tDllD Ijillrf (which word, before inclosu res, comprehend- 
ed * 2Blacfe=2DOtonC and g£a?tl Ijiil, alias ffuattJ t)ill,) which 
he, probablely, was to guard, together with the great tra- 
velling wayes on every side, and from thence took his 

name ^t^eame'-tooulti of ^treame tooulD. 

The fourth invasion (or rather evasion) of the Danes 4. 
in these parts, was into »)tcep %Ome0, by Florentius 
Wiggorniensis ^termned ^KeOClC, (i.e.) l)iglj mOUUt, 
butby'H. H. insula UZ]ftn, for they being so miserably 
routed at QxIUUttOn, some killed in the pursuit, some 
drowned in wading and swimming to their Ships, and 
the survivours discouraged by the sight of more and more 
of the King's forces approaching, upon this encourage- 
ment, and now wanting Maniuers to guide, and Soul- 
diers to mann, their Ships, they fled to this succourless 
Hand, or rather rock, for refuge, where they continued 
in hunger and cold, till the greater number were con- 
sumed, there being no house or harbour, but one poor 
Cave, no meat or drink, but one small fresh-water spring, 
to refresh some. 

Their 5'\ invasion, was at ^Ipljill, Blction, S^c. ^' 
where I have enquired of the * inhabitans, whether they 
had, at any time, heard of any Deaiies, that came, in 
the days of yore, to ^t£ep ijOHie^ near them. They ^"J?^ P""*? 
told me, that the gencrall tradition of their Country hatli 
beene, that a fleete of Deanes fled, to shelter themselves 
in the said Isle, and sometime they brake out into Eng- 

' F. Stream^tDOuIti. II. - BlacStietott and ^earli|)ill are as 
wild a would, as eottftooulU, Stoue on t^z tooulU, Sfc. ' Flor. 
Wigg. Chro. XX. 4 For which in the Saxon Annals 'tis 
Bjiabaiijielice, under the year Dccccxviii. H. sH. lluu. Lib. 5°. 
Historiarum. 6 gic. //. 

Vol. U. R land, 

47^ A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

land, and sometimes into Wales, for sustenance; at 
length coming to (!Llpl)ill and ©leOon, etc. they fastned 
their ships to the shoare, left them, and marched up into 
the Country for booties, and that all the inhabitants fled 
away before them, one poor lame woman excepted, 
/ which hidd in a Rock near the ships, and when she was 
/, near spent with hunger, she was necessitated to adven- 
ture down the ships for releif: saying to her self, with 
the Lepers, if they kill me, I shall but die : but com- 
ing thither, and scearching from ship to ship, and find- 
f ing no living Creature, at last espjing an hatchett, took 

/ it, and with it chopped of all the Cables, which ancored 

the ships to the shoare, and sent them to Sea, where 
they quickly perished. The Danes having gotten intel- 
ligence of the loss of some of their ships, speedily re- 
treated, to save themselves and the rest, but the people 
of the Country, having intelligence, that all their ships 
were cast away, took courage, pursued them to 25ltU0tl, 
there fought, and destroyed them with such a bloody 
slaughter, as that frome thence the place took, and ever 
since halh kept, the name BltUOn, alias BUcD^tlOVDlt or 
blOUtl-lJOtDn, to this day. And some of them have in- 
formed me, that, when their Husbandmen plough theii 
grounds, they fmd multitudes of Men's Teeth there, 
Avhich being naturally the hardest bones ' in the body, 
and obdurated with cliewing (in some grounds) are al- 
most as permanent as little stones. And a Gentleman 
there, within 7 yeares last past, having bought a peice 
of Moorish ground, lying at the foot of the said BlcDOtl, 
when his labourers renewed the dyke filled up about it, 
they found great heaps of Men's skulls, and other hu- 

' Crook's Anat, 


discover'd near Co fiqv EST. 477 

raane bones, as entire as ever they had been, or as the Ocuiati 
Oakes and Fish shells found under the like morish 
ground near the place, as a Gigantick skull, as capacious ] 
(almost) as a ' peck, found, in the like ground, near 
l&napp Bn'tlffC, * by an iEsopical Cock (rather Cocks- 
combe) threw it immediately into the River Tone, ne- 
ver to be raised till the last day, and this may well be 
deemed a Reliq;^ of an ante-deluvian Giant, of the first 
edition, there buried in the Mudd of Noah's flood ; and, 
lest any should think I speke this without book, let him 
consult the * Antiquare of Antiquaries, who saith ', that, 
in many places of moorish ground, both in Field and 
Towne, in Holland, are found innumerable shells and 
bones, not only of small, but great, fishes (describing 
them by their pictures) and firr trees, brought thither, 
and buried there, by Noah's flood, wherinto I will not 
adventure to wade so farr, but returne back to the Mouth 
of the River ^acmt : 

Where the Danes made their sixth invasion. * H. Hun- 6. 
tingdon 'called ^etJCetlfmOUtlj, (/. e.) the month of the 
River Fedred, which runs near, and gives name to jjtiottlj 

and ^out^ ^etitetiton, now ^et^ecton and l^zmtoiiy 

&c. but ^etiretl is now euphonied into ^artett, and 
mut^ into mOUtlj, and, it seems, this ^arettfmOUtlj lay 
so wide open in those daies, without sufficient forces to 
defend it, that it received a fleet of 35 saile of the lar- 
gest ships of the Deans, and a great number of Sea-men 
and Souldiers, which came to plunder and destroy it. ^ 

But venerable Alestane Bp. of Sherbourne, and Duke 

' and proportionably thick. » F. but. H. J Gen. 6. 4. 

4 Sic. H. 3 Versteg.. Ant. p. 84. 6 H. Hu^t. libr. 5«. hist. 
' F, called (vel calls) it }Pftirelijemout&. 

r2 'Er- 

A Discourse about some Roman Antiquities 

' Ernlph, with the forces of Sommerselt, and Duke Osrcd, 
with his Dorscltaniims, gave (hem battel there, and slew a 
great number of them, and obtained a glorious Victorie. 
Wherastliis Victorie is said to be obtained at the mouth 
of the Kiver ^aCCCtt, 1 suppose the particuUir place 
meant (thougli not mentioned) was ^StCnt^l&noUy with- 
in a Mile or two therof. For the tradition, amongst the 
natives there, is, that tlie Dcanes invaded that place, 
plundered and burnt the 3 parishes of (faft and »>OUtIj 

Brent, and Brcnijam, now Biini=Ijam, all which, I 

suppose, took their Names from their burneing, now 
burning, as ;25r0tltforD, now ^StapnefOCtl, because it 
was burnt by the Dcanes also. And this may yet be far- 
ther confirmed by ^BCCnt-I^ncll it self, which *is a very 
.steep and round Burrow or Mole, the topp fortified with 
Dyke and Rampire, where ih[\ Deans, according to pro- 
bability, seated themselves. And by a Groimd (almost 
phune) of two acres in the South Side of that burrow, 
called BatttUlUirie, where, I suppose, the battel was 
foughten, and the \'ictorie obtained. 

A 7'^. invasion, intended ^ngainst the* maritime Coasts, 
but by the hand of God confounded, before they could 
come quite thither (like that of the Spaniards in 88) 
thus. The Deancs having a great fleet and arniie at 
CtllCCCljaiU in Dorsett shire, designed their armie in these 
parts by land, and a fleet of ISO saile here to meet them. 
So the fleet sailing round about Cornwell, came to an- 
chor apud »)toam'toicfe, which I take to be now »)toane« 
fev, on the North Coasts, over against the West of Som- 

' Erulph MS. 11. ^ Is verij MS. //. J Flo. Wig. Matt. 
Westm, p. 1G9. 4 Maritime MS. quemadmodum & supra mo- 
nui. Ih 

discovered near Conquest. 47 9 

Hiersett. But then it pleased the Lord to send such a 
violent and sudden tempest upon them, as destroyed 
them all : so that, as ' Ovid saith of the Sea where Ica- 
rus was drowned, 

Icarus Icariis nomina dedit aqicis ; 

So may I say * of King Swanus his fleet, drowned at 
fetoanatoICk atias Swaneserj^ (i. e.) Swanus-Sea, 

Swanus Sanewicis nomina dedit aquis. 
Swarms to Sane-Sea waters gave their name. 

The S*. and last invasion in these parts, was at ^ 9^pnC= 
^eaD by a fleet of Weltchmen, in the 49'*' year of King 
Henry the 3^ Jmio Domini 1265, set forth by Matt. 
♦ Paris, but the Antecendents and Consequents &"c. to 
compleate tliis storie, being collected out of severall 
places of this Author, and dulie composed, the whole 
will sound thus. King Henry the third and his Barons, 
having long contended the one for the other, against 
certaine privileges and prerogatives claymed by the 
King, and denied by the Barons, at last their differences 
were composed in a Parliament at Oxford, where the 
King himself, and his eldest sonne Prince Ed.vard, so- 
lemnly swore to the due observation of all the purticu- 
lers of the agreement ; but afterward the King, by the 
instigation of evill Counsellours, repented of the said 
Oath, and because he would not be esteemed a perjured 
person, sued, and easily obtained, an absolution from the 

' Ovid Metam. ^ To of (quod deest in MS.) adjeci. H. 
? Matt. Paris, p. 1330, 1339. fi: alibi. 4 P. 1330, 1339. k alibi. 

R 3 said 

A Discourse about some Roman Antiqq. &c. 

said Oath of the Pope ; but Prince Edward did not ac» 
cept of the said absolution, and so raised an Army against 
his Barons, and they another against the King, making 
Simon de Monte fortiy Earl of Leicester, their Generall, 
who gave the King Battell, routed his Armie, tooke him 
and Prince Edward Prisoners, detained, or rather enter- 
taiiipd, the King as a Royall Prisoner with himself wi- 
ll'ersoever he went, and sent Prince Edward Prisoner to 
Hereford Castle, where he being permitted to recreate 
himself, by raceing with Noble men in a large meadow, 
adjoyning to the Citie, he tempted them to run their 
liorses so often, that his own and their horses being tired, 
and he having ****** ***** 




By the same anonymous Author. 

n 4 

( 483 ) 




From ano- 
ther MS. 
lent me by 
the same 
Friend, Mr. 
West, of 
Coll. writ- 
ten in the 
same hand, 
and by the 
same ano- 

Wander witt of Wiltshire, rambling to 
Rome to gaze at Antiquities, and there 
skrewing himself into the company of 
x\ntiquaries, they entreated him to illustrate 
unto them, that famous Monument in his 
Country, called »>tOnaff0. His Answer was, that he had 
never seen, scarce ever heard of, it. Whereupon, they kicked 
him out of doors, and bad him goehome, and see »)tOnaffCi 
and I wish all such iEsopicall Cocks, as slight these ad- 
mired Stones, and other our domestick ' Monuments (by 

So called a monendo. Goldni. Die. 


484 A Fool's Bolt soon sliott at Stonage. 

•which they might be admonished, to eschew some evil, 
or doe some good) and scrape for barley Cornes of vani- 
ty out of forreigne dunghills, might be han^^Med, or ra- 
ther footed, as be was. If I had been in his place, I 
should have been apt io have told them, that, surely, it 
•was some heathoiiish temple demolished by the imme- 
diate hand of God, as an intollerable abomination unto 
him : yet reserving so much of it standing, as may de- 
clare what the whole was, and how, and why, so de- 
stroyed, that, as we are to remember Lot's wife, turned 
into a Filler of Salt, for looking back-ward towards Ido- 
latrous Sodome, so we should remember, that these for- 
lorne Fillers of Stone are left to be our remembrancers, 
dissuading us from looking back in our hearts upon any 
thing of Idolatry, and persuading us, in imitation of 
Moses, and the Frophets, so to describe, and deride, it in 
it's uglie Coullers, that none of us, or our posterity, may 
returne, -with Doggs, to such Vomit, or Sows to wallow- 
ing in such mire. And since all, that have (as yei) writ- 
ten on this Subject, have contradicted and confuted each 
other, and never any hath as yet revealed this mysterie 
of iniquity to this purpose, and thatFedlers andTinckers, 
vamping on London way near it, may, and do, freely 
spend their mouthes on it, I know nothing to the contra- 
ry, but that I also may shoot my bolt a little farther into 
it, however I will adventure, were it for nothing elce, 
but to recreate my self somtimes, after other studies, 
and to provoke my friends, which importun'd me to it, 
to shoote their acute shafts at it also, hopirig, that one 
or other of us, by art or accident, shall hit the mark. My 
bolt is soon shott in this short conjecture, that ^tOnflffC 
"was an old British triumphall tropicall temple, erected to 
Anaraith, their Godess of victory, in a bloudy field there. 

A Fool's Bolt soon sJiott at Stonage. 485 

wone, by illustrious Stanengs and his Cangick Giants^ 
from K. Di-citiacus and his Be/gce. In which temple 
the Captives and spoiles were sacrifised to the said Idol 
Anaraith. So that these 12 particulers hereof are to be 

1. That »>tOnag;e was an old British Monument. 

2. That it was a Monument of a bloody battel 
foughten there. 

3. This bloudy battel produced a glourious Victorie. 

4. This Victorie was wonne by the Cangi of (0lall* 

5. The Cangi were Giants. 

6. Commanded by the famous Slai^enges of l^onni- 


7. The Army conquered, was K. DivHiacus and his 

8. In this place, assoone as the Cangi had conquered, 
they triumphed. 

9. Where they triumphed they erected this Monu- 
ment as a Trophie. 

10. This Trophie was a Temple. 

11. This Temple was consecrated to Anaraith^ their 
Goddess of Victorie. 

12. In this temple the said Victors sacrifised their 
Captives and Spoiles to their said Idoll of Vi- 

Our work lies before us in these 12 particulers, and 
our tooles, to perform it, should be antcient and credi- 
ble histories, treating of this subject, but what are they, 
and where to be found ? Jeffrie of Monmouth will tell 
you a tale, that these Stones were brought by Giants 


486 A Fool's Bolt soon slioit at Stonage. 

from Africa into ^lultiaje in Ireland, and, by some Lc- 
/ gerdcraainc of Merlin, conveyed to the place, where 
! Ihey are ; but no credible Historian could speke any 
word of any such thing. Gildas Badoniciis of Bathe, 
within 20 Miles of ^tOliage, writing anno Domini 543^ 
, hath not a word of it, nor venerable Bede, who writing 
anno 727. of many other rari(ies of this Land, hath not 
a word of fetona^e, nor William of Malms-burie, writ- 
ing anno 1142. within 14 miles of »)tona0:e, hath not 
a word of it, nor Ethelzfred, nor Hoveden, nor ' Ingul- 
. thus^ nor Paris, nor Weslmonasteriensisy nor Florentius 

\J Wigorniemis, who all wrote above 500 years since, yet 

not a word of it ; and Henriciis IluntingdoniensiS', writ- 
ing near the same time, tells the naked truth of the Mat- 
ter, that it was not because they would not, but because 
they could not, say any thing of it. His words are*: 
Quatuor sunt in Anglia, quce mira videntur, scilicet ^tdi- 
ncnjCSl, (i- e.) ^tOnaffC, ubilapides mirce magniiudims 
in modum portarum elevati sunt^ ita ut portce portis su- 
per posit cb videantur, nee potest quis excogitare, qua arte 
tanti lapides adeo in altum eletati sunt, xel quare ibidem 
constructi sunt. This »»tOna0;C did astonish them, this 
did amaze them, that they durst not labour, lest they 
should ^ lost their labour, and themselves also. And if 
the grand Seniors, which lived so near it, above a thou- 
sand years since, could not, how shall we sillie fresh- 
men unlock this Closet? I have stumbled on 2 pick- 
locks, wliich, if dexterously handled, will set it -wide open 
to the world. 

1. A description of the fabrick of ^itOIiaffCj at least 
of some part of it, as it was in it's primitive perfection. 

' Pro, /«i^//(fw5. II. Mlonilc. Hunt. lib. 1°. Ilisto. ' F. 
/o>., \v\h<i:C' lost. \L 

2. A 

A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 48? 

2. A raappe of Wiltshire. 

1. As for a description of the saide fabricke, I would 
referr you to Architector Inigo Jones in his book, enti- 
tuled, Stonehenge restored^ but that some would be ready 
to say, the multitude of his Grecian Architectonicall 
termes of the parts of it, as hypcethross vionopteros, * di- 
pteros, architrave f * Pycnostj/los^ Scheame^ peripteros^ 
hexagon, &c. do rather obscure then illustrate the same, 
and that, whereas he hath 10 designs of this fabrick all 
in folio, one in 4'°. may serve the turn as well. Nay 
one whole one is to ranch ; because the externall circle 
of high Stones will overshadow allmost all within themj 
as a company of tall men, standing round about a com- 
pany of Children. And \ think three or four Stones 
of each of the 5 Circles, with verball apprehensions 
of the number and dimension of the Stones of each 
circle, will give best intelligence to common capacities, 

which I endeavour to informe, and this I have done ia (j- "^1 
the frontispice, and have added Characteristicall letters *^ '^ 
to each remarkable part and place of the fabrick, corre* 
lateing to what I shall say concerning such particulers. 

2. The second pick-lock, to help the former, is a 
Mapp of Wiltshire, at least of the Hill Country about 
Stonage, describing the antient British Names of cir- 
cumjacent Hills, HamlettSj Rivers, S^c For I conceive, 
that the old Britons, which lived in those places, took it 
for a great honour, that thence pittifull habitations 
should be called after the name of this antient renowi)ed 
mount, or some part or propertie thereof, and this is 
most observable in those 3 eminent Rivers, CeUmbum, 
5ltJ0n and ^^allllCi:, runing from tlicir severall quarters 

' Diptoros MS. H. ^Pi/mostolos, Shecne. perupferos, MS. //. 


488 A Fool's Bolt soon slwtt at Stonage. 

almost to ^tonage, and meeting a little below it, and 
in many of the hamletts, situate on, or near, those Ri- 
vers, up to their Foiintaines, both the said Rivers, and 
many Villages on them, taking their antient British 
names, some from ^ttOnaffC, some from some, some 
from other, parts and properties thereof, shortly after it 
was founded, and seeing, that conveniunt rebus nomina^ 
and that any one of those antient names, taken from ^tOIts 
age, is a Description of the same, then, surely, out of many 
of those names, methodically composed, may a defini- 
tion of it be formed, at least some such cotijecture of 
mine aforesaid. And because this nominall picklock is 
of my invention, as he that forgeth a pick-locke will 
try him upon some doore of his own, before he will ad- 
venture with it to the publick treasuric, so I entreat leave 
to try, how I can illustrate that famous monument the 
hot Bathe water of ^Bat^C, by this engine, before I make 
use of it on »)tOn£n0;0. Suppose then, tliat when the 
heathenish Saxons had subdued all this Hand, saving 
lBatl)C and parts adjoyning, and at last came so near 
IBattie as SDdjOCam, now 2DtCCam, and having there 
slain the 3 Kings of ^atljC, (KlOCCCtC? and ClCEnCedCr, 
routed their armies, and destroyed those Cities, suppose, 
I say, upon the invasion of those infidelis, and destru- 
ction of those Christians, the Lord had, in his wrathful! 
indignation, dryed up the waters of life and health, as- 
he did 'other sal utiferous waters, upon like provocation, 
or that Merlin's provecie, /nge^ani Badonis balnea^ Sf 
salubres eoruyn aquce mortem generabant, had been fulU 
filled, as soon as it had been pronounced ; and that those 

' Dr. Ford of the nature and use of the Bathes. Matt. West, 
pa. 83. 


A Foot's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 489 

barbarous Saxons had, in their fiirle, burnt the Ciiie to 
ashes, and nothing of it remaining, but the old British 
names thereof in antient histories, and in the names of 
Hills, Rivers, Hamletts, Sfc. near it, yet much of the 
Citie, and nature and propertie of the Bath-water, might 
be collected and inferred out of those names now a thou- 
sand jpars afterward ; as, first, the tradition of the man- 
ner of finding out the vertue of the Bath- water being 
this. Bladud, alias Bluda, the son and heir of Rudhudi- 
bres, beeing smitten with a leprosie, was, Nebuchad- 
nezar like, driven out from amongst men, and became 
a swineherd near iSat^C, which was then a bogg or quag- 
mire of hot water, in which his swine often wallowed, 
and one of them, being a Scabbilonian, was thereby 
cured, whereupon Bladon making triall of it was also 
cured, whereupon he built a Temple, and consecrated it 
io the sun, as the God of tlie heat of the Bath-water, 
and Health, which he recovered by the same, and his 
father dying, Bladon reigned there in his place. Now 
although this is taken generally for a fabulous tradition, 
yet much of it may be proved by such old British names, 
as aforesaid ; as, first, that ®at^g was such a bogg, or 1. 
quagmire, may be inferred from the most antient name 
thereof ■ CaC BalJOH, thebogg of Bathe, 9^CCetUnC, (i. e.) 

2. That there was such a King Rudhudibres, may be f 
inferred from part of his name, still continuing in KllU* ; 
Ue, and a rclique of his Kinglie dignitie in l^inffCVoOOD, 
I^inffCDOtone adjoyning. 

3. That there was a man of great honour and fame, 
living in, or near, Bathe, of the name Bladon. For the 

Matt. West. lib. i». 

490 A fooi/s Bolt soon shott at Stona6£. 

navigable river, runin<? under the walls thereof, was call- 
ed, after his name, |;iant=B'allOn, and Jaton^BlaDon, 
and fumen ' bladon, (i. e.) the river of Bladud, and 
the place, where ^ 9^alm0buriC now stands, on the said 
River, \vas called aiJ^blatlOn, the fortified place of Bladud. 

4. That this Bladud was a King, but reduced into 
some miserable condition on the North side of iBatljC, 
ns may be collected hy his picture over the North gate 

of Batl)e. 

5. That he being healed, as aforesaid, he lived in a 
3 Cave in the side of ^alC^buriC hill there, called vulgb 

Jacliaiiuum ^oUe, orthog. 3!ack=cim trVon tjoU, (i.) 

the Jiealed King's hole in the side of the hill, which last 
words intimate, that he had some other Cave, in some 
other place of the said hill, and about 4 jears since there 
was discovered a formall Cave, vaulted over with some 
Crombs of a man's bones in it, which might be the said 
healed King's hole on the topp of the hill, from thence 
called Orthog. »)aUlC=tlJI, (i. e.) hecdth on the topp of the 
hill, in which he might live, die, and be buried in bis 
own Cave, according to the custome of those dayes, as 
Abraham, Sara, <^r. 

6. That the said ^all0&urie, being also called ^ol0 
bun'e, («. e.) »)Unf-I)UCie, (as another little one also, at 
the foot thereof, is called »)Unl!ate'0 1)111) the temple of 
the sun might be built thereon*. ForHanCDOtone, IL^mU 
bn'DffC, and Ham&CICkj (i. e.) Temple downe, Templeridge, 
and TemplebridgCj round about this hill, intimate, that 
there was such a heathonish temple on it, and what more 

' Gull. Malm. p. 9. * Camb. Br. in Belg. ' Doinus antea 
fucrint : Ovid. Met. lib. 7°. 4 For heathenish temples were built 
•D high hills. Ilor. 


A FooL*s Bolt soon sliott at Stonage. ^^i 

likely place for SoVs temple then ^ollSbUCie ? and why 
might not that Image of the Sun, like the face of a man, 
and ' Hercules, with his Clubb, affixed to the city walls, 
be brought from »>Olff:hU?ie, as well as those antient Ro- 
mane urnes there also brought out of the Fields? 

7. That, in regard of the supposed influence of the 
Sun on the Batt water, it was called ^ol=mer, (/ ) t^e 
into pfamc, and ^almoit into ^ainOH, because % ayite 
m qmescit. 

8. That, upon the said account, Batlje was antient- 
ly called »)Ommer0ett, (i. e.) the scale or Citie of the 
Sun-poole, and the province or County of which it was 
the metropolis, as somtimes provincia Bathoniensis^ som- 
times Sommersettensis*. 

9. That the vertue of the Bat^ water being discovered, 
as aforesaid, the neighbouring hamlets (as those about 
& to naff C) ambitiously attributed to themselves variety 
of names, which they catched, or borrowed, from Batl)0, 

lio\one, &c. 

10. That so great was the confluence of people, trou- 
bled with aches, to this City, that it was thereupon called 
J2[feemancefter% (i.) the Citie of ached people. 

11. They esteemed so highly of this water, as the best 
oyntment for Limbs, as that they termed the City, gc ZXi- 
naint, The ointment, 

12. They drank so frequently of this water,, that the 
place was also called, '^Tto^ttlin, (i. e.) hot broth. 

13. They raised such multitudes of l)atn0, (i. e.) home' 

^ Hercules by his 12 labors represents the Sun passing through 
the 12 signs of the Zodiak. » Matt. West. p. 105. s Matt. 

Vol. II. s /y 

493 A Fool's Bolt soon sliott at Stonage. 

i^ Collages f about this water, as that the ground, of 
large circumference, now without the Citie, is called 

Barijamjs, ©atljetoicfefijamj:^, &c. to this day. 

14. That this City Batljam, lying in a low valley, 
had a ^at!)ampton (i. e.) « Bathefort^ on the toppe of 
IBat^amptOn downe, to secure the mabout 50 acres off, 
the topp whereof being surrounded with a strong Dike 
and Rampire, a sallic port to issue out upon occasion on 
<iriaU0CtOn0 downe, and military worke about 100 yeards 
off, to secure their issues and retreats, and avenue ex- 
lending from the fort down the hill directly towards 
^at^C) whereby the Bathonians might pass and repass 
securely and invisiblely between ^at'^aiH and 25at^s 


15. That, in proccsse of time, there was so niuch re- 
sort to this hill, that they dwelt here and there over .ill 
the downes, which, before inclosurcs, was comprized 
all under the name of ;35atlOIl, and, upon that account, 

Batlje was also called Sation, IBaHoiiia, IBat^oit, 253-- 
tl)onia, &;c. 

16. That, for their better security, they afterward 
fortified the said Uowne in more places, as near 'illulUe 
Lane end, CillOnClJIClj, or 'E^Off^toOtienftlltfee, &>c. and 
thereupon it was called CaiC^BaDon, the forlijied Baihe- 
downe. So that, I say again, if Batl)e had been anni- 
hilated 1000 years since, yet these and the like names 
of it, and other neigbbouriug places, preserved, a philan- 
tiquarie might easily out of them extract both these, and 
many more, things, which otherwise would continue bu- 
ried in oblivion, and much of the fabrick, and many of 
the names, of ^tonafft, and parts and properties there- 
of, being hitherto preserved, I hope, I shall do the like 
thereupon, beginning with the lirst particuler of my con- 
jecture, viz. 1. fetonaff^ 

A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 493 

1. »>tOn£l0;0 is an old British monument ; where, first, 
I shall briiflj shew, who, and what, the old Britons 
were, and afterward, that this was an old British monu- 

The old Britons were the first of six Nations, which 
had the possession of this Land successively, viz. old BrU 
ionSf Bel^ce, Romanes^ Saxons, Danes and Nonnans. 
The old Britons came origenally from the Tower of ' Ba- 
bell tlius. Shortly after the deluge, the Lord having 
blessed Noah and his posterity, saying, be fruitfully mul- 
tiplie and replenish the earthy * they notwithstanding had 
been fruitfull, and had, in a short time, multiplied in- 
credibly, yet they obstinately refused to replenish the 
«eartli, but said, go too, let us build us a Citie and a Tower 
in it, whose topp may r&ach unto heaven, least we be 
scattered over the face of the whole earth ; so they in- 
tended to dwell in their Cilie together, and to secure 
themselves from any future flood in the Tower, but the 
Lord confounded their one (cis. the Hebrew) in 52 
Languages, so that they, not understanding each other, 
^ Babling about carrying on the Worke, were necessitated 
to give it over unfinished, and then each principall ma i 
amongst them having sought out, and brought together, j 

such as cotdd understand his language, conducted them j 

into the severall parts of the earth, where many of them 
are called after (heir conducters narafs to this day, as 
the Medes from Madai, the Moscovites from Mesech 
alias Mosoch, the Canonites from Canan, and Gomer^ ' [ 

the eldest son of Japhet, calling together all such as ■ 

could understand ♦ (Bomcrarff, as the speech of Gomer, 

' Camb. Brit. * F. tiotzeiihstanding they had. II. i From 
whence it was called J^abzll. Verst. Ant. 4 The Britons of Wales 
call thfir language Somerafg, to this day. 

s 2 con- 

494 ji Fool's Boll soon sliott at Stonage. 

conducted tliem to, and seated tbem in, France, whert 
they were called Gomeri after old Gomer, and some of 
them into Britaine. But because ' he doth not parti- 
cularize the place, where they were first seated, give me 
leave io conjecture, that it was in 9^0Unt C^Omert in 
Wales (for that is also called 'QTcefaltlffUin, the famous old 
Towne^ a proper name for such old Towns-men.) From 
^OUnt CDontCji they might dilate their plantation over 
all amount (I5omecifl|)iCe, still called Gomori, as long as 
they had such garments * as their fore-fathers had ; but 
those being worne out, and they being destitute (in this 
wilderness) of meanes to recruite apparrell, yet found 
expedients to paint their naked bodies with severall 
Coullers of Cloathes, and then they were no longer called 
Gomeri j but Britons^ (i. e.) Painters, and their land 
% Britaine, (i. e.) the painted fiation'. Some families 

I painted gtolll white, some DU blacl; some (3lSl0 blew, some 

I (30t\^ (pronounced (Boff) red, some HlOlD (pronounced 

JflO^tl) green, and this is the originall of those common 
I names CDtDin, 2DU, CPlajS, (Boff and iflOltl, amongst their 
I posteritie in Wales to this day. He that desires any fur- 
/ [ ther intelligence concerning the old Britons, let him 
/ reade Caesar's Commentaries, Strabo, Diodorus Siculus, 

Pomponius Mela, Solinus, Dio Cassius, Ziphiline, Plinius 
Secundus, Cambden, Speede, Sfc. 

Haying seen who the old Britons were, we may, in 
the next place, well look upon this »>tona0:e as an old 
British monument. If it had but one old British name, it 
were a probable argument, that it was an old British 
thing. For conveniunt rebus nomina, ut supra. For 
who, but old British Founders, would have given it an 

Camb. Brit. * Gen. 9. 3 Camb. Brit, de prim, incol. 


A Fool's Bolt soon sliott c^Stonage. 405 

old British name? But it' I can produce, at least, oIJ 
British names thereof, and parts and properties thereof, 
and not one Belgick, Romane, Saxon, Deanish or Nor- 
man name thereof (but the nick-name ' »)tOn0^Cn0;0) 
then, surely, it was an old British monument. I forbear 
mentioning those names now, because I would not tau- 
tologize, when I shall have occasion both to mention 
and interpret sometimes one, sometimes another, of 
them. But the Architector (and I wish I could say the 
Antiqiiarie) Jones is point blanck against a British, and 
also for a Romane, Monument, and I will complie with 
him, as farr as I may, by saying, it might be a Romane 
work, but not a Romane Monument. For it is true, 
which he raainteins at large, that this monument was 
framed according io the most exquesite rules of Archi- 
tecture, in which the pittifull naked Britons had no 
knowledge at all, and the Romans were the most expert 
men in the world in that art, and might be hired by the 
Britons to do that work for them. For * there was a 
commerce between the BrKons and forreigne nations, 
before Julius Caesar's dayes, insomuch that the Grecians 
frequented this Hand upon this account ; and if so, then 
much more the nearer and more Architectonicall Ro- 
manes, who as they ' taught and helped the Britons io 
build tempells after they had conquered them (being 
well hired,) so might some of them build, or help them 
to build, this one before they conquered them, and, in 
this respect, it might be called a Roman work, but no 
more a Romane Monument, or Temple, then the tem- 
ple of the Jews might be called the temple of the Gen- 

' (/. e.) Stone hanging place, because some remaices of it are 
like gallowes. * Cass. Com. lib. 5. i Cornelius Tacitus, 

s 3 tiles. 

496 A Fool's Bolt sooushoU at Stona6e. 

liles, because the Gentiles had the chiefest hand in builds 
ing it for the Jews. The Romans endeavoured (no way 
more, then) by magnificent Structures to perpetuate their 
fame, as well in this Hand, as in other places, and, to 
this end, they imposed their Romane names on them, as 
Templum Claudii; ac Camulodunum^ consecreated Vi' 
ctorite ; murus Severi, extending from Sea to Sea in 
the North of this Land ; the fosse way from the Roman 
fossa, a ditch on each side of it, out of which the earUi 
was cast up ; ' Antonini Jtinerarium, by which lie dc- 
vided Britaine into 16 Itinera, and every Iter into 12, 
13 or 14 Mansions, some Reminnders of some of thera 
to be seen to this day. Not so much as that paltrie tot* 
tering bridge, built by, or for, the Romanes, near (BlaD 
fcnbUjiC, but must be called by the Romane name Pons 
periculosus, and is called ^OllTperl^ at this day. and if 
so, then, surely, this most glorious monument (if it had 
been Roman) shohkl have been called after the name of 
one of the RomaU Emperors, as * founders of it, at least 
by some other Roman name or word ; but no Roman 
Bame, word or syllable, on or near it, but all British, is 
argumentum Herculissimum, that it was no Roman, but 
a British, monument. 

2. My second particuler is, that a bloody battle was 
foughten at ^tonage. For the very name »>tOn£affe, 
signifies Stone^battle, the last syllable age comeing from 
' the Greek aywv, a furious battle, and a village near 
fetOna8;e is called JfittU=tOn, not in regard of it's owne 

■♦ See Burton's Com. on it. » F. founder. H. * When the 
€rraecians came and traded with the Britoas, they left some part of 
their words compounded with British, as 3fj5i0, ^t>ama0i0, age 
in S)ton80e» Camb. Brit, in BeJg. Speede. 


A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stowage. 497 

Situation (in a valley;) bat because it is near the Jight- 
tullton, or place ' hired in, where the fight was, (i. e.) 
^tOnagC, which stand in the midst of a multitude of 
burrowes, (i. e.J burying hillocks, which are the tumuli 
or tombes, in which the slaine of the battle were buried. 
He that can not, or will not, believe it, let him scearch 
one of them, and there see the fragments of mens bones, 
and peices of their old fashoned armour, spoken of by 
Cambdeii, Speede, Sec. and conclude, as I do, this par- 
ticuler, that all, that have built their opinion of this mo- 
nument, on any other foundation, then a bloody battle, 
have built ^itOnagCJJ in the aire. 

8. This blouilie battle proiliiccd a glorious Victorie. 
It was not bellum ancepa^ or a drawn battle. He that 
runeth may reade almost clear Victorie of the one over 
(he other armio, i/i the numerous iraines of burrowes,. 
with mens bones in them, extt'ndiiig from »»tOna0;0 to 
ianUSfhurie, and from thence to the topp of l^araDon ^lll, 
about 5 miies in all the burrowes, being very great, and 
standing tlicke at, and near, »)tOnag;C, and still smaller 
and thinner till near the topp of i^acaUOIl ^\\\, plainly 
declaring the great execution done neare »itOnaff0, and 
that the conquered Armic fled toward l^acadon l)ill, the 
conquer'ng armie pursued them thither, and slew many 
thousands of them, and buried them in heaps together, 
in, atd near, London way to the said hill. 

4. That this V^ictorie was won by the Cangi of (BlaD* 
Cr-ljaf, viz, the people of Sommersett, who * where all 
called Cangi\ (i. e.) Singers to iiislruments of Mustek^ 
from* (EanijJ, CanUcum organi musici, in which, it 

' r. buried. H. * Sic. //. ^ Camb. Erit. in Eelg. ex Ta- 
cito. ■♦ Dr. Davis Die. Brit. Lat. 

8 4 seeras, 


i ^ 

498 A Fool's Bolt soonshott at Stonage. 

seems, they delighted so much, that, as the old BrU 
tons did, so their posteritie of Wales do, call Sommer- 
sett (0lall;CC»^afi ifie merry 'Sunwier -field ^ to this day. 
The Cangi then were the Wcslermost inhabitants of this 
Hand. For Devon and Cornwall were not then inhabited, 
and their f.rovince extended East-ward either to, or near 
unto, »)tOna0;P» For Mr. Cambden ' intimatelh, that 
Canninff0 ll^unll^Cdj reaching within few miles of ^ton= 
agE, was so called, as bdng part of the Caiigies territo- 
ries, * whence I inferr, that if the traine of burying hil- 
locks aforesaid, had extended from »)tona8;C westward, 
then the Cangi had been routed and sliine in their flight 
home- ward. But the traine extending East- ward de- 
clareth, that the Cangi, c )ming out of their westerne 
parts, routed their enemies assoone as they began to en- 
ter upon their frontiers, and pursued them East-ward to- 
wards their homes, or quarters, as more in due place. 
5. That these Cangi were Giants will appear, 

1. by their names. For Cambden', Speed, <Srr. affirme, 
that this monument was antiently called the Giants 
dance, and Canning^ or the*Canging:0, near ^totiaffe, 
signifie Canffick (Btantcf. 

2. Qy their chaines, intimated by all the names of Ri- 
vers and Villages on them near »)tOnagt, whick have 
the syllable in or ^nij in them*. For they come from 
Heb. *^nafe, which signifies a Giant hanging a Chain 
about his neck, as tliose Anakims in the scripture, and 
such Anakims were the Gigantick old Brilons, wearing 
Chaines about their necks and wasts. ' vestis usum non 

' Camb. in Belg. » Whenche MS. H. i Camb. in Belg. 
4 Cangimgs MS. //. 5 Dr. Da\is his Die. Br. Lat. * Leighe's 
Grit. Sac. p. 373. and Ainsworth Ps. 726. '> Herodian, pa. 106. 


A FooL*s Bolt soon sliott at Stonage. 499 

eogmrunt, ventrem atqiie cermcem ferro incingunt, or- 
nwnentum id esse, ac divitiarum argumentum, existi* 
mantes, and thus pride compassed them about as a chaine 
* Psalm Lxxiii. 

3. By some huge bones of men, found, amongst others, 
in the said burrowes, as aforesaid, and in other pluces near 
fetonag;e, according to the very words of Sr. Thomas El- 
liott in his Dictionarie, on the word Gigras. SlbOUt SO 

peaciS fince 31 mp Telf, Mn^ toitt) mp farijec, ^r. Ei-- 

tfjajn (Elliott, at a 9^3nafterie of regular Canoncf (tfirce 

or torn miles front Stonage,) be^eltt tt)e t)onc0 of a 
titaU man founti Ueep in t^e grounti, tofiict) btins io^n- 
eU tojetljer, toas m lengtlj * is foot anU lO inclje??, 
teliercof one of tl)e teetlj mg fatljer t)aU, toliic^ toas of 
tt)e quantitp of a ff^eat Voallnut. %W 1 tiatJe torit^ 
ten, (saith he) betaufe fome men twill beleite notljing:, 
tljat i& out of tlje compafgf of tlieir oton knotoleOge* 

He that cannot beleive Sir Thomas Elliott, let him see a 
Giant's tooth, which I can shew him, diged up Anno 
Domini 1670. at {UHeeDmOOre near (l(Ucll0, three inches 
long above the roots, S inches about, and 4 ounces in 
weight, and at the Lord Sturton's house in »)turt01l 
Cauntiell, (i. e.) the borders of the Cangi, a Giant's 
thigh bone of a full yeard, in which instances argue, that, 
as amongst the Canonites, so amongst the conquering 
CangU there were races of Giants 10 principall Com- 
manders, in regard of which »)tOnage was called Giants 
Dance, For Denominatio sumitur a pnestantiori. Arist. 

' Psalm XXX. By &c. MS* without either the figure of 3, or be- 
ginning a new Paragraph. H, * 'Tis xiiii. in some Editions of 
Elyot. H, 

4. by 

90^ ^ Fool's Bolt soon sJwti at Stonage. 

4. by their armour, or peices of it, (whicb, when 
new, was large enough for Giants) found there also. But 
5. here I must distinguish Giants into two sorts, Giants of 
antiquitie, and Giants of abilitie, and so declare what 
sort of these 2 the Cangi were. Giants of antiquity were 
so called in respect of their senioritie, as if they had not 
been borne into the world by the way of all flesh. For 
they being heathens, and not beleiving any Creation, 
supposed the first inhabitants of each nation, were brought 
forth by the earth, as froggs, mice, serpents, and here- 
upon the earth was worshiped by the name of Dea ma- 
ter, and the first inhabitants termned Terrce Jilii, and 
terra editi, and Gigantes, (a yhofAxi sr vaTa, Dorice ya) 
that is, men brought forth hy the earth, according to that 
of the Poet': 

Terra feros partus, immania monstra GiganheSf 

And such were the Giants of antiquity. Giants of abili- 
ty were men of a very great stature and strength. And 
these Cangick Conquerors were Giants both of great An- 
tiquitie and Abilitie. Their great Antiquitie may ap- 
pear in <aUpn0;tOn, orthog. <aidintOn, (i. e.) ajitieiit Giants 
ton. Their abilitie in ^Mmffton, (i. e.) able or strong 
Giants-ton. For neither of these two names were proper 
to either of those villages, but borrowed from ^tonagC 
as aforesaid, and now restored to ^tonaffC, to declare 
the antiquity and ability of the Cangick Giants, which 
here conquered. As ex ungue Leonem, so ex dents Gi^ 
gantem, it is easie to conjecture at the incredible stature 

^'Ovid. Meta. 



/^^<^ C-' ^.t/f. J ttj^/^-t.^^^' 

A Fool's Bolt ^oon shott at St on age. 301' 

and strength of a Cangick Giant, by the topp of his skull 

an inch thick, and a tooth of his, which I have, 3 inches 

long* now since the root is broken away, and three 

inches and a quarter round, and three ounces and half 

in weight, being full four ounces till the roots were 

broken off; so that, according to this instance, the Can* 

gick Giants were very mucli greater and stronger then 

Goliah, or any other of the Giants described in the Scri-!- y' 

pture. Mr. Cambden writes of two teeth of a Giant, out \/ 

of which SOO ordinary teeth might be cut, and this one 

Cheektooth weiglieth just 100 Cheek teeth. 

6. That the commander in chase of these Cangi was 
the famous old * Stanenges of (BlaU^ar-taf aforesaid, 
which gives demonstration affC, as ^tOnaffC was one, so 
»>tancnp0 another, Britannick-GraBcian name of this 
Monument, compounded of ^taitC and lyyvs^ (i. e.) Stones 
pitched up near together ; and as ^tancngejf was the 
name of this antient Monument, so also of a most antient 
family flourishing in (BlaD:aC-'yaf to this day, which name 
could not arise from any other place, or thing, then this 
monument. I^'or there was never an^ other place, of 
tiling, of this name but this. 

Therefore, the prime Ancestour, of the family Sta- 
nenges, took his name from this monument ^tOntflffCjS, 
which being easily granted, it will be enquired, upon 
what account he took his name from this monument? 
and answered, it must be either from his 'habitation 
there, or from some action performed there by him, 

' These reliquesof a Cangick Giant, were found 13 foot deep 
in digging of a draught well, in OaaeUmore, Anno Domini 1670, 
2 H. Hun. lib. prime Histor. 3As i&ill nalctPOoB, ^eatlC ficID, <5rc. 
were so called from their dwelling m such places, 


A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 

Not from any inhabitation there. For it was an heathen- 
ish Temple, as shall be shewed, and the inhabiting in, or 
at, it had been esteemed a'grealer prophanation^ then 
the dwelling in a Church or Chappell. Besides, there 
was no water, nor any other accommodation for a dwell- 
ing, within 2 or 3 miles of it. So the name of »)tarien; 
g;C0 was not taken from any habitation there, but from 
some action performed there; and what action could 
that be, but from conquering, and erecting this Trophic 
there? Nimrod the conquerour, and his adherents, 
would needs build him a ' Bable to get him a name, and 
from what else could Tropliimus, and others of that 
name before and since him, take their Tropicall names, 
but from their Trophies? And why should not old Sta- 
nenges take his name from ») tan CnffC0 also; as he did 
his Arms, 3 Batts volitant in a field argent, from the 
innumerable multitude of Batts (the peculiar animals of 
that place) ambuscadeing there by day, and rendevouz- 
ing by night, never so much as any sheep coming io 
rubbe or shelter there. Or in what respect could their 
most antient ^OUni-CUtt, alias !^onniall--CUtt, (i. e.) it- 
lustrious court i be so called, -but from that most antient 
illustrious Stanenges of ^OliniCUtt, who wonne the field, 
and erected the Trophic aforesaid ? 

7. The people conquered by the Cangi were King Di" 
vitiacus and his Belgce of Low Germanic. For 

1. The king Divitiacus and his Belgce were the on- 
ly people recorded, that invaded the old Britons, and 
therefore if the old Britons conquered such as invaded 
them, they were the King Divitiacus and his Belgte, 

« No monument was ever erected, but to gett the owner a 

2. Ju- 

A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. '50S 

2. Julius Caesar saith, that ' Dhitiactis magnum partem 
BrilannicB obtinebat nostra etiam memorid ; which great 
part of Britair.e Mr. Cambden suppose(h was Hampshire, 
AViltshire, and Sommersett, called antientiy the Belgce, 
after the name of those which conquered them ; but Ju- 
lius Caesar doth not say, they conquered them without 
any repulse. Julius Cassar himself was routed 2 or 3 
times by the Britons, before he could subdue that little 
part of Britaine which he did, and therefore King Di- 
vitiacus and his Belgw might be routed, at least, once 
by them, and at ^tOItaffC, before they could vincere that 
great part of Britaine called Belgce. 

3. The armie, which was conquered, fled Northeast 
directly towards Belgium^ as the traine of Burrowes 
aforesaid declares. 

4. ^araHun ^ill, orthog. ^er\x>tiun, to which the 

routed armie fled for refuge, is a Belgick word, or name, 
signifying the hill of refuge, and who was so likely as 
the Belgce, to give it a Belgick name of refuge, when 
being routed at ^tOnaffC, they fled back thither for re- 
fuge? all which being put together, will amount to some 
such historic, insteade of a Chronicle, as this: 

Divitiarus, King of the Belgce, invading Britaine 
with his Salii o^ Belgium^ came into Wiltshire, and quar- 
tered and plundered all over the Salisburie g g^j^ 
Plaine, particularly at ^aletfiorpe, ^UCfflCale, ^^out Stonlflc" an 

l^uttifale, * Sl^artinCale, 9^artinCale, ^Luffale, not one more in a 

«Sr. so called from the Salii, which were the ^^iits, Hampts. St 
chief people of the Belgce. Old Stenenges "^''^"' ^' 0°"^"- 
and his Ca n gi drevr up their Armie in geaCn0t)UCie, orth, 

gamaitpun'e, Cattle, 5 miles Westward from ^ton. 

C;esar's Com. Lib. 5. * Sic. H. 


A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 

age, Divitiacus and his armie from the topp of ^drfls^ 
tlOn 1)111 5 miles Northeast thereof, where, after they 
had faced each other a while, they meii and fought a 
bloudie battle in the midd-way, where the BelgcB being 
routed, fled homeward toward their said hill of refuge, 
but so many of their Salii were slain and buried in the 
burrowes aforesaid, that the field was ever since called 

^aU'jsbune ^lalne. 

8. The Cangick Giants having conquered, triumphed 
over their enemies at ^tonage, which, upon that occa- 
sion, was called the Giants danccj and this triumphant 
singing and dancing together, at the time and place of 
Victorie, was the common practice of the antients. So 
when ' Jephtha had conquered the Ammonites, the Israe- 
lites triumphed with timbrell and dances. So assoone as 
* David had slain Goliah, and the Philistines were rout- 
ed, the Isralites triumphed, singing and dancing with 
Tabretts and joy, and with instruments of Musick, and 
the women answered one to another as they played, Saul 
hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. 
So assoon as the Lord had given victorie to the Isralites 
over the Egyptians, and that they saw the Egyptians 
dead upon the Sea shore, ^ Then sang Moses and th^ 
Children of Israeli this song unto the Lord &c. and then 
verss the 20'^. Miriam the Prophetess, the sister of Aa- 
ron, took a timbrell in her hand^ and all the women went 
out after her with Tabretts and with dances, and Mi^ 
riam answered them, sing ye to the Lord, for he hath 
triumphed gloriously , And yet not long * after they sang 
and danced a palinodia, like an herd of skipping and 

•Judges the \V\ »1 Sam. 18. 6. » Exodus 15. 1. 
•♦ Expdus 32. and the 8. 


A Fool's Boll soon shott at Stonage. ^509 

bleating Calves, to the similitude of a ' Calf that * eathetk 
hay^ sitting down to eat aiid drink, and riseing up to 
flay, dancing and singing, (much out of Tune) these he 
thy Gods, O Israeli, which have brought ^ the up out of the 
land of Egypt, and this Idolatrous singing and dancing 
being too easily learned of the Gentiles from tlie Jewes, 
•was put in practice at i^tOttajC, by the Cangick Giants 
of (Blati^ejifjaf, which was thereupon called the Giants 

9. But all this singing and dancing did but beate the 
aire, uncapable of any legible impression, in which poste- 
ritie might read this glorious victorie; therefore they 
thought it expedient to erect this Monument, as their 
♦Trophic, and as such a Gazett, as all the world might 
gaze at, and in it admire their Heroicall valour through 
all generations : and herein also they imitated, or rather 
emulated, the Isralites, who being delivered from the 
Egyptians, and having trampled the Red Sea and Jor- 
dan (opposing them) under their feet, did, by God's com- 
mand, erect a ^tonag;^ of twelve Stones in the midst of 
Jordan, whence it was driven back, and they are 'there, 
saith Josuah ^, unto this day, standing, perhaps, as a cir- 
culer guard of Souldiers, up to their middle in water, as 
keeping in possession what had been conquered as afore- 
said; and another such a »>t0na5e of 12 Stones they 
carried to their first quarters, and erected them as a me- 
morial! to the Children of Israeli lor ever. vers. 7. 

' Psahn. 106. ver. 20. Sfc. « Sic. //. J Sic. H. 4 A 
Tgifw, to turne, because it was set at the place, where their Ene- 
mies were turned to flight, at the beginning of the trains of the 

Burrowes afofesaidj ^c. « They MS. H. 6 Joshua the 4''' 


506 A Fool's Boll soon slwlt at Stonage. 

This Tropbie of these Giants was called Sl^annjllff, 
orthogr. ' Sl^an^nff, (i. e.) Giants great Stone, observa- 
ble in the 3 S^aiX^ng; fOCD0, so called, because at each 
of those villages there are fords to pass over that River, 
which runeth downe near to S^an^no;, or Giants great 
Stones. So that although that River is commonly called 
i^tlOn (i. e.) the River, yet the proper name is Q^atl^ng, 
the Giants great Stones, from runing down near them, 
as jflOtmantOn, orth, I^O^ttmantOn, (i. e.) the Towne 
standing nearest to them ; and all this may be exempli- 
fied by other old British Trophies, all resembling ^tOfl* 
SLQZ in theire circuler formes, British names, and some 
other respects, although not in magnificence, as 

1. The first was also called 9^antOIl near Marlbur- 
rowe, from a pettie »>tonaff0 there, of eight huge Stones, 
now called the broad Stones, antiently standing, but 
now lying circularly in London way, testified to be a 
British Trophie, by the fragments of mens bones found 
in the Burrowes in the fields adjoyning. 

2. On ^Ctenhujrotoesl %il\, 4 Miles West of Marie- 
burrow near London way, are 40 great Stones, sometimes 
standing, but now lying in a large Circle, inclosing an inner 
circle of 16 great Stones, now lying also, testified to be 
an old British Trophie by the Anglo-British name there- 
of, (viz.) Seaven Burrowes, and by those 7 huge Bur- 
rowes very near it with fragments of mens bones. 

3. At Stanton 2D?U, six miles on the South of Bri- 
stoll, are 8 Stones bigger then the greatest of those at 
fe)tOnagC, but their topps broken ofi", so that they are 

' ^&n signifies such a great stone as a pilier, milstone Sfc. 
from which the British proyerb CaUclaci) fllito, naman: durior 
est fortis quam saxum. 


A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 50T 

not above 12 foot high standing circulerlie, and round 
about, within 200 yeard of those 8, arc, at least, 60 
more smaller stones, 6, 7 or 8 foot high, standing up- 

This was an old British Trophic, as may appear by 
the name thereof, reteined still in I he name of the parrish, 
in which it stands, t?z. »)tantOm2DjU, the Stone Town 
of Victorie. 2 by the smaller stones, monuments of the 
Conquerours friends ' their slain, one of which being 
lately fallen, in the Pitt, in which it stood, were found 
the crumbes of a man's bones, and a round bell, like a 
large horse-bell, with a skrcw as the stemme of it; 
whence I conjecture, that as the circle of large Stones 
was the Trophic of victorie, so those smaller were mo- • 
numents of friends slain in wining tlie Victorie, (for » 
Victors would not honour their enemies with such mo- 
numents :) and the bell was part of an old Briton's Wea- 
pon, there buried with it's owner, and, I suppose, the 
like bones and bells may be found under the other small 
stones, confirming the praemises. For Mr. Speed, in his 
Chronicle, pictureth an old Briton naked. Lions, Beares, 
Serpents painted on him to terrific enemies, * with a Lance 
in his hand, on the butt end whereof is such a bell 
screwed fast, which served in steade of a Trumpett to 
alarme, and a clubb to dash out the enemies braines, and 
this bell was, I suppose, the permanent part of that old 
Briton's weapon there buried with his owner, according 
to the old custome, continued to this day, in burying 
Souldiers weapons with them, at least in carrying them 
on their Coffins to their graves. 

*Sic. H. ^Herodiaaus. 
Vol. II, T 4. la 

508 A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 

4. In Denbigh shire * is a famous monument of a cir* 
cle of great Stones, called tcteff ? SDrUlDfOIt, (i. e.) the 
Stones of Victor ie, alias the stones of the Druides, (i. e.) 
Priests sacrt/ficeing at Victories, 

5. In Mount Gomerie Shire * there is an high Moun- 
tain, called CocnllOn, on "which there is a famous monu- 
ment of great stones, standing circulerljr, a Trophic of 

6. At ^ifcato Mlaum in Cornwall ^ arc 21 great 
Stones in a Circle, the greatest standing in the Center, 
a Trophie of Victorie. 

7. At !^Otl)rnortOtt in Oxford Shire ♦ 36 very great 
stones in a circle, called I^OU'ttC^-SonC^, and this, as all 
the former, deemed Trophies of Victorie, by that Ora- 
cle of antiquities Mr/Cambden, who, for the excellen- 
eie of his knowledge in affaires of this Nature, was 
created King at armes, and if all these pettie, or dimi- 
nitive, &tOltap0 were Trophies of Victorie, then, sure- 
ly, their great grandfather ^tOnflffC was a Trophie ©r 
that Victorie aforesaid. 

Q. But what kind of Stones are they ? how brought 
hither ? and sett up in this place ? 

A. 2uot homines tot senteniicBf the first is, that mon- 
strous legend of Monmouth, and his Giants bringing 
them per mare^ per terras, out of the utmost parts of 
Africa, to Ifi^illiare, Kc. of which a little, but too much, 

2. The second is, that childish tale of Childrie, who, 
because he could find no small stones on Salisburie 

' Camb. Brit, in Ordov. » Camb. Brit. 3 Cam. Brit, in 
Cornwall. Cam. Brit, in Oxford shire. 


A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 509 

plaines, dreamed ', that nature had aggregated all the la- 
pidificke Vertue of that country into fetOItaffe* 

3. The third is, that of Inigo% who might truly have 
said out I'goe, when, after he had affirmed, fol. • 10. 
they were hewen out of a quarrie at ;ai&UCi0, he said, 
they are so churlish and extream hard, that they disdaine 
the touch of tooles, and if they were hewne out from 
thence, tell me, how they were brought 15 miles over 
hills and dales from thence to ^tOnajC, <^ em miht 
magnus J polio. 

4. The fourth is, that of learned Cambden, who sup- 
poseth * them to be saxa factitia ex arena pura 8f ^ un- 
ctuoso aliquo coagmentata. 

5. And I am confident they are saxa factitia, great 
artificial stones, made of many small naturall Stones, 
• made of many small naturall Stones". That a Lime- 
kilne was there erected, which being filled with lime- 
stones, extraordinarily coaled, were melted with fer- 
vent heat into a birdlime-like substance, which was let 
runne out into such variety of Cisterns, one after ano- 
ther, as formed them for their severall places, into which 
they were drawne up by some Crane, or other Engine. 

1. My reasons are; first, itt was impossible to work 
them into their severall formes. Free stones may be 
wrought to any, but these churlish stones to no, forme, 
in regard of hardness and brittleness. 

2. Iron ^ ginncs, chimney back-stones, stone-inges, 
the pillers of the late royall exchange, the 8 great pillers 
of ^tantOlt-SDrU Trophic, were all cast stones, formed 

' In his Brit. Bac. ' Inigo Jones in his Stonehenge restored. 
' L. 36. H. 4 Camb. in Belg. edit. 4*. J Unctuoquo MS. 
H. 6 F. delend. //. i Ginmes MS. H. 

T 2 some 

hlO A Fool's l^olt soon ^Jiott at StonAgS. 

some of one, some of another, sort of melted stones'^ 
and why might not ^tonagj-stones be so also ? Surely 
Leere was such an aggregation for a saxificition, but 
not made by Minerva, as Childrie dotetb, but Mars, or 
indeed by the Martiall old Britons, who having been 
active in gaining the victorie, were officious in gathering 
together-the small stones of the plaines to be melted into 
great ones, and so multorimi manibus grande levatur 
onuSf an old British limeburner and his stonegetherers 
performed this optcs herculissimum. 

10. This trophic was a Temple, or rather a Tropicall 
!• Temple. For first, it was the common practice of the 
heathens, to promise and vow Temples as Trophies to 
their supposed Gods, or Goddessess, of Victorie, in case 
they would give them some great Victorie, which when 
they had obtained, they surely built it accordingly in the 
place aforesaid of an ordinarie Trophic, so it was called 
a Tropicall Temple, and, upon this account, the Ro- 
mans usuallie vowed and built Temples as Trophies to 
Mars, Victoria, Sfc. and upon this account Canutns 
built ' a Temple at SiH^ UO^JJIie, and all other places 
where he wone Victories; yea some Christians have imi- 
tated heathens in this particuler, as King William the 
Conquerour, once, though he built not a Temple to 
Mars, yet he did an Abbey to St. Martin, as a Trophic, 
in the place where he conquered King Herald, the ruines 
whereof in Sussex are called Battle ahbfp to this day. 

2. fetOna^C was a Temple in respect of the magnifi- 
cence thereof. Any such circle of rough stones, as afore- 
said, served well enough for a Trophic, but this was a 
magnificent Tropicall Temple, or Templarie Trophic. 

Camb. Brit, in Essex. 

3. s>tonafft 

A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 511 

3. »>tonas;0 was of a Circuler forme, according (o the 
forme of all other heathonish Temples. 

4. In that it stood sub dio, open to the heavens and 
ayre. For the Heathens ' accounted it a great sin to im- 
prison their Gods within roofs and walls, who would 
have liberty (as they thoughl) to be abroad doing good. 

5. It was the opinion of our great Architectur * (or- 
thodox in this point) saying, I am clearely ofopinion, 
that ^tOn^ff^ was originally a Temple. 

6. (laiilton, within 2 miles of ^tonaffe, was antient- 
ly called Ulandune (pronounced CUantlunC) (i.) Tern- 
ple-iowne^ not in regard of any such thing in it self, but 
in regard it was so near the said heathonish Temple, and 
the Earles of Wiltshire were antiently stiled Earles of 
CUanDune, and if Qfllilton, the old Metropolis of Wilt- 
shire, took it's antient name from this Temple, then 
consequently Wiltshire, and all the rest of the SflllUjkJ 

about Stonage, as aaiiUiboucne, ^illfall, (aiiUfocD, 

and {laiilSJforll, (IfllllCOtt, and ([(IKUCOt sKuate some on 
one, some on other, of the Rivers near ^tOtiaffC, took 
their Templarie names from, and must then restore them 
to, »itona0:c, to prove that it was a Temple, and so must 
all those Villages near it, whose names begin with Cl)el 
or ♦ Clil» which antiently were <tz\ and dElU, signifying, 
properlie, the Cell of a Temple, but here synecdochichallie 
(the chief part for the whole) a Temple ; so that, ac- 
cording to the rule aforesaid, C'biltOtl termeth ^tona^^e 
a Temple, CljeltertOH an elegant Temple, but dljels 
tCCintOn the Giants elegant Temple. And if ^tOnagC 
was such a triumphant Tropicall Temple of singing and 

' Godw. Anti. * Inigo Jones, pa. 75. * Camb. Brit, in 
Belg. * F. erjil. H. 

T 3 danceing, 

513 A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 

danceing, then, surely, no such sepulchre of sorrow, or 
monument of mourning, weeping, wailing and gnashing 
of teeth, erected by the old Britons for Aurelius Ara- 
brosius, according to Polydorus Virgilius, or for the old 
Britons by Aurelius Ambrosius, according to Galfridus 
MonumethensiSf or for Queen Baodicea by the Iceniy 
according to Anonimus. For never any sepulchre bare 
any aspect like this monument, but far different in forme, 
manner and composure. The severall pillers of Rachell 
and Absolon, the ' columnes of Vespatian and Trajane, 
the one having his shield, the other a Colossus on the 
topp of it, had no resemblance with this. Neither had 
the Obelisks of Mitres or liamesis, or the Piramides 
of Memphis, or Arsinoe, or the Mausoleum of Jrthe- 
misia, any resemblance with ^tOna^C And how much 
did the sepulchre of King Arthur, * buried at (BlaffenhUs 
tit in an hallowed Oake, with a little Pi/ramis at the 
head, and another at the feet, differ from this ? Is there 
any probability, that King Arthur and Ambrosius, fel- 
low Christians, Coaetanians, living and dying so near 
together in time and place, that the one should be bu- 
ried and monumented according to the custome of the 
old British Kings and Princes, and the other as never 
man before, or since? Amongst all nations sepulchres 
were alwaies such sollid piles, as might be truly termed 
monuments, (/. e.) remaines, not ayerious, with fre- 
quent openings and void spaces within, and subject to 
ruine, but this was such, therefore no sepulchre, but a 

11. And this Temple was consecrated to AndrastCy 
alias Anraiik, alias Andaies, their Goddess of Victorie. 

I Plin. Secund. pa. 249. ^ Cam. in Belg. 


A Fool's Bolt soon sJiott at Stonage. 513 

For to "whome else would, or could, they dedicate a 
Temple for Victorie, but to their supposed Goddesse 
of Victorie ? She was termed Andraste, in relation to 
the Conquerors, from ' avS/Mti©*, a manlie virago, not 
guasi, but qiiiaf xir agens, playing the man, and, in re- 
spect of the conquered, Anraith. For as t|)Eill signified 
a Spear, so HncaiD and J^nrait^ unseparated, figura- 
tively disarmed and bereft of all treasuresy garmentSy 
food and other necessaries to maintaine life; and it is 
observable, that some parts of those names, Andraste, 
Anraith and AtulateSy are retained in the names of some 
of the circumjacent Villages to this day ; 

1. as anlicatte in ^nUrofl) ILuniSDon. There is a ^Ser* 
vi BlunCOan, a bcoatie ^lunCOon, and an anDrofl[) %nnU 

tian, and janlJrofl) HunCDon is nearest to the Temple of 

Aiidraste ; two i3Dg:burn£gf, (BtovQt jDffliurne, and SLn- 

iJCOiS jDffburne, nearest to this Temple of Andraste ; 

s * Callingljurne, Callinffliourne, Callmgbujne limg;- 
(fsn, and Callinghajnc ^nUrogf, and CaUingbucix SLn- 

UCOjJ nearest to this Temple of Andraste. The name of g. 
anjaitl) is retained in garitjSburiC Cattle, (orthog. ^ 0n= 

rait50tiurie Cattle,) in (Bvzat ^messbune and %ittlz 

SLmt^iiUVitj ^ wich Mr. Speede, in his Mapp, termns 
jansSbUCte, (i. e.) ^ncaitll^bun'e, so distinguished from 
p ^ncaitbSfbUCie Cattle, and upon the same account the 
two anttieiS and SiXi^ )^\\\^ might be jancait^ttie and 
^njait^0 1)111, but euphonied to what they are now, be- 
cause they did stick in the teeth in pronunciation. J3tts g, 
Hatesf inanllOteC, {orthog. anUtofur,) ^ntiate0 river run- 
ing through it, and iSlnlieljeclej ^UllDrelJ ; so that whereas 

Sic, pro ay^ftas. H,. » F. €aUmil\xmt0. H. ^ Sic. jH- 

T 4 onlie 

A Fool's Bolt soon sfioit at Stonagb. 

onlie 4 parrishes names beginin;^ with fill afe to be 
found in all Sommersett, Dorselt, Glocester and the West 
of Wiltshire, as thf re are 10 (UUlllSl, so 14 an0, about 
fetonap, the ZBillSS yoUng that it was a Temple, the 
SLtlQ thdt it was a Temple of Andraste^ alias AnraitJiy 
alias Andates. 

Q But of what forme and coiinlenance was this Idoll ? 
Gildas sapiens (alias Badonicus) an old Briton, borne at 
Bathe abou: 20 miles from fetOnaffC Anno Domini 493. 
in his Book de excidio Britannorum dc scribeth the Idols 
of that his native Country in these words: 

Nee enuvie>ans patrice portenta ipsa diaboHca, pene 
numei'o Mgt/ptiaca tineenfia^ quorum nonnulla, linea- 
mentis adhuc deformibus, intra vel extra deserta mce' 
nia solito more ri^entia^ torvis vultibns intuemur. He 
doth charactarize them, first by their monstrous shape, 
implied in the word portenta. 

2. by their Father and Patron, in ipsa Diaholica. 

3. by their multitude, in pene nuniero M^yp iuca vin' 
cent la, although they Goddified their very Leeks and 
Onyon?, to encrease their number, insomuch that Juve- 
nal scoffed at them, sayinor, Jdices gentesy quibus hcsc 
noscuntur, eic. 

4. by their deformed lineaments, in lineamentis de- 

5. by their Temples, in intra vel extra mania. 

6. by their long standing in the word, adhucy from 
the beginiiig of the world till his daies. 

7. by their bullish countenances, in torvis multibus. 
For to'vus comes from Taw us. Gold. Dictio. and as 
these words of Gildas, so the bullish names of divers cir- 
cumjacent parrishes, do intimate, that Anraith was a 
very Bullegger, as ©ulfOCU, two 23lunCtlOn0, orihog. Tbwh 


A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Ston age. 515 

tonC^OtDneiS, (i. e.) Bulls-Temple Dowries, and SflllUs 
fell, orthog. IBuUfall, (i. e.) Bui Devil, and why might 
not the old Biitons have their Bui Devil, as well as the 
Israelites their Calf Devill, and the Egyptians their Ox 
Devil, Apis ? 

12. In this Temple the said Victors sacrificed their 
Captives and Spoiles to their said IdoU of Victorie, where 
I shall shew, that 

1. The said Britons usually sacrificed their Captives 
and Spoiles, 

2. to Jndates, alias Anraith, in Temples consecrated. 

3. That they sacrificed their captives and spoiles there 
in this Temple oi' Andate. 

The Britons usually sacrificed their Captives and Spoiles 
of war, according to the testimony of Julius CcBsar ', when 
he invaded this Islan.l, 2ui in bello versantur, aut pro 
victimis homines * immolant, aut se inmolaturos xovent^ 
(i. e.) They which addict themselves to warr either sa» 
crijice, or vow they will sacrifice men, (i. e.) their Ca-^ 
ptives, as Victimes for Victory (saith h<^). The Ma- 
jesty of the immortal * Goi'dess would not be phased, un- 
less they offer up the life of a Captive, or the life of a 
man, and they have sacrificed or puhlickly institutedt 
and some of them (saith he) make hallow images of vast 
magnitude, with twiggs wreathed about together, whose 
members they fill up with living men, (i. e.) Captives^ 
and so burn the Images, men and all together: and these 
*instanses are sufficient to prove, that the old Britona 
did usually sacrifice their Captives. 

» Caesar's Com. I. lib. * b^°. [* L. 6*°. H.'\ » Emolantur MS. 
H. 3 F. Gods, H. 4 Sic. H. 

2. They 

yf Fool's Bolt soon sliott at Stonase. 

2. They usually sacrificed their Captives and spoiles 
to Andates in her Temple ; and this I prove out of Cor- 
nelius Tacitus. The Romans having conquered Britaine, 
tyrannized so intollerably over them, that Prasutagus, King 
of (he Iceni, that he might free his Subjects from their 
calamities, made the Romane Emperor Nero his Heir, 
hoping that he, and his, should thereby have the more 
favour, during his life at least ; but the Romanes taking all 
for their owne, presently tyrannized infinitely the more, 
whipped his Queen Baodicea, ravished his daughters, and 
plundered his Subjects of all their estates, whereupon his 
wife Baodicea (whom Gild as termes the subtill Lioness) 
stirring up first the Trinobantes (i. e.) the Lonclotie?'Sy 
and afterwards the Britons in generall, raised a most 
blody warr against the Romans, cut off their two Colo- 
nics Verolamium, and Camalodunutn, destroyed 'three 
in the L^ion, put Catus Decianus to flight, destroyed 
80000 of them, some by the sword, and some by sacri- 
ficing them with the greatest crueltie to Andates in her 

And that those old Britons sacrificed their Captives al- 
so to Andates in this her Temple, may appear by this, 
that it had all accomodations for such heathonish sacri- 
fices, as an internall, or spatious, Court, lying round 
about, marked with the Letter A in the frontispice, 
wherein the Victimes for oblation were slain, into which 
it was unlawfull for any prophane person to enter. It 
was seperated from the circumjacent plain with a large 
trench, (marked with B) instead of a wall, as a bounda- 
rie about the Temple, most conformable to the raaine 

» F. their ninth Legion, H. 


A Fool's Bolt soon shott at Stonage. 

work, wholy exposed to open view. Without this Trench 
the common promiscuous multitude, with zeal too much 
attended their Idolatrous sacrifices, and might see the 
oblations, but not come within them. ***** 

****** 4|t,|t##***4|t* 


Ceetera desunt. 
Vide Inigo Jones. 






A a, at, to. a Bangore, at 

^^^ Bangor, a Code's grace, 
of God's grace, or bj/ God's 
grace, a dynt, at a blow. 

abaist, abash'd, terrify'd, confound' 
ed. J'e kyng abaist him nouht, 
Tlie king did not at all abash 
or lessen himself; sive potius. 
The king was not at all terri- 

abaued, abashed, astonished, re- 
duced to mean fortune. 

abbeus, abbeys. 

abide, abide, exspect, remain, con- 

able, buy. 

abite, habit. 

abouen, above. 

abowen, above. 

a cheson, occasion. 

a cord, accord, agreemeiU. 

acordance, agreement. 

a dele, a deal, very much. 

afFaied, affvaid, affrighted, af- 

affaies, burthens. 

affere, affright. 

afFerme, confirm. 

affiance, affiance, assurance, confi- 
dence, trust. 

affie, affie, assure, affirm, confirm, 
rely, trust, affix, joyn, to have af~ 
fiance, to fix. on his folk af- 
fie, joyn hifnself to his people. 

affied, relyed, depended. 

affies, trusts. 

affraied, affrighted, nffraid. 

affraies, frights. 

aflray, affright, to affright, af. 
frighten, terrify, affraid, fright, a 
fright, a fear. J?er of had many 
affray, many xoere affrighted at it, 

affrayes, frays, frights, terrors, 

affrays, fright, terror, fear. 

afie, ffx, rely. 

a fryjte, af righted. 

after with dede, followed after. 

agast, astonished. 

agayn sive a gayn, against. 

agen, against. 

ageyn sive a geyn, to, towards^ 
against, again. 

ageyn s, towards, against. 

ageynsaid, gainsaid, contradicted. 

ageyqto, again to. 

ageynward, towards them again, 

agrete, a great. 

agreued, aggrieved. 

aiorned, adjourned. 

akres, fields. So that the Word 

was taken formerly in a ?nore 

extended Sense than it is at 




this day, when xve confine it to 
a measure of Land containing 40 
Perches in Length, and 4 in 
Breadth. And indeed as Akre 
denotes Field (and n6t that small 
Quantity of Ground, which ive 
now adays understand by it J it 
agrees exactly with the original 
Saxon word Acejie, from whence 
it comes. For, saith Somner in 
his Saxon Dictionary, " Acepe. 
" Ager, campus, a field. Vom 
" cabulum omnibus Europais 
*' fere conwiune, ut viro doctis~ 
" simo ja7n observatum, Notis 
*' in Willeramum, p. 1 i3". And 
truly 'tis worth ivhile taking 
notice, that the Acre of land 
(notwithstanding the former 
quantity prescribed) is not in 
every place in this land of like 
quantity; for the Cornish acre 
is said to contain a Carew of 
land. 6. E. 3. 2S3. and in the 
Commentary of Mr. Ploden the 
Cornish Acre is said to con- 
tain an hundred other Acres. 
Com. Throg. & Tracy 154.'. 
And sometimes it hath been noted 
to be the same with a yard land, 
scil. 34- or 30 Acres*, tho^ even 
the yard land also differs much 
in different places. From this 
extensive signification of the luord 
in old time I cannot but observe. 

that whereas in some places, 
where there have been undoubt.. 
edly Roman Works, the common 
people, as well as others, make 
use of Castle Acre, to distin- 
guish such a piece of Ground 
where they have been, I think 
we ought not to restrain that 
term to our modem narrow Ac- 
ceptation of the word, but look 
vpon it to be meant in the old 
sense, so as to denote an intire 
Field. So whereas by Castle 
Acre in Weycock field, in the 
Parish of Laurence- Waltham 
near Maidenhead in Berks, the 
Country people commonly underm 
stand, no more ground than what 
is now genei-ally known by the 
term Acre, I rather think, that 
'tis to be understood of the whole 
Field, at least of a great many 
of our common Acres, and that 
the Building there was very large, 
a thing ivhich the great number of 
Antiquities found in the Field 
proves very plainly, in reference to 
which I shall here transcribe, what 
I put down in one of my MSS.i a 
few years since, when, in my walk, 
I lay at Hare-Hatch, and the 
next day went through this Field, 
as I have upon occasion done 
several times. " Wednesd. A- 
" pril \". 1719. / talk'd with 

See my Collection of curious Discourses, p. 67. « Ibid. p. 78. « Vol, 70. p. 91. 



*' an old Gentleman, who aU 
" so lodg'd [as I did on Tues* 
" day Night, being JEaster Tues- 
" day, March 31.] at Hare. 
** Hatch, but said he lived at 
" Cookham, where he had re- 
'* sided 21 Years. He told me, 
" that there was a Tradition 
*' at Cookham, that the Em' 
*' press Maud was some time 
*' at Cookham, and that she 
" built Cookham Bridges and 
" some Houses there : but, says 
" the Gentleman, I believe no- 
*' thing of it. For my own 
*' part, I am apt to think there 
" is some Ground for the Tra- 
" dition. I talk'd with him 
*' about the Road's going over 
*' the River in old time nearer 
*' Cookham than it does now. 
" He said, he had heard Stories 
*' about such a Road, but he 
" did not think, that there was 
*' any credit to be given to 
" them. Leland tells us, that 
" the old Name of Maiden. 
" head was South - Aillingion. 
** But I think South - Ailling. 
" ton was distinct from it, more 
" near Cookham, and 'twas at 
" this Place that the Roadpass'd 
" before Maidenhead Bridge was 
" built. 

" This old Man (whom I 
" have mention's, and is a 
" Person of good Sense, and 
" seem'd very honest) had 
" not heard of Leland the An- 
*' iiquary, 'till I mention'd him. 

" From Hare.Hatch I toaWd 
" to Shottesbrooke, and passed 
" through a great Field (in the 
" Parish of Laurence- Waltbam J 
" call'd Weycock. 

One part of this Field is 
" call'd Castle-Acre. There is 
" a Tradition, that there was 
" a large Castle there. 

" Indeed there is no manner 
" of doubt, but in this Field 
" there was once a very consi- 
" derable Fort, andseveral Build- 
" ings besides. The Ground call'd 
" Castle Acre is higher than the 
'■ rest. Abundance of Roman 
" Money hath been found in this 
" Field of Weycock. I dis. 
" cover'd in many Places of it 
" Fragments of Roman Bricks. 

" I met with two or three 
" Workmen, with whofn I 
" talk'd about this Field, par- 
" ticularly about the Coyns 
"found in it. There was a 
" Youth with them, who told 
" me, that a great many little 
" Pieces of Money had been 
" plough'd up in this Field, 
" and a many pretty Things 
" (says he) besides. I ask'd 
" him, xvhere any of them might 
" be seen. He said, at Mr. 
" Nevill's of Billingbeare. I 
" am apt to think, that some 
" of the pretty Things he men. 
" tion'd might be tessellae of some 
" Roman Pavement. 

" My great Friend, Francis 
*' Cherry, 



« Chcrri/, Esq; had 
** Coyns found in this Field, 
*' one of ivhich tvas a Silver 
** one of Amyntas, and ihis 
** I have published in Leland's 
*' Itinerary '. 
albe, ike alb or aub, which is a 
long white linnen garment or 
surplice, wherewith Priests are 
cloalhed when they say Mass, or 
officiate at Divine service. Of 
this garment mention is made in 
the following Words in that Part 
of my ingenious Friend Mr. 
Thomas Ward of Longbridge*.s 
MS. about Rome (quoted in my 
Preface * to this Work) that 
relates to the blessing the agnus 
Dei. Neither are they [the 
agnus deies"] nowe mixed with 
holy oyle or creame, but on- 
Jye beinge pure without all 
mixture, are brought unto the 
Pope in his chamer [Sic pro 
chamber] upon certeyne plat- 
ters, or in certeyne coffers, 
where the Pope some tyme, 
when he thynketh good, be- 
fore the Saturday in alhis, that 
is, Saturday in Easter week, or, 
as it is also called with us, 
Lawson even, comethe, when he 
hath sayd or herd Masse, in- 
veetured in the almyce, albe, 
gyrdle, stole, and a playne 
myter, and fyrst maketh holy 
water (if it were not made 
before) ordynaryly, as it is 

commonly wount to be made, 
and after, standynge at the 
same holye water, whych is 
then made in a great vessell, 
and puttynge of hys myter, 
sayth : adjutorium et c, our 
helpe is in the name of the Lord: 

alblastere, cross-botO'man. 

aid, ■) , . 


alderbest vel alder best, best of all, 
of all the best, the best, alder 
next, next of all, next year after, 

aldermost, greatest, most of all. 

algate, altogether, nevertheless. 

Alhalwemesse, AlLhallontide. 

alie, to confederate sive to confede^ 
rate together, toalliey to associate, 
toj'oyn, be annex' d, bejoyn'd. 

alied, 7nade an alliance with, or 
hastened, sive went to; as, To 
Malcolme, fe Scottis kyng, 
Tostus alied to, with Malcolm, 
the Scotish king, Tostus made an 
alliance, sive, to Malcolm, the 
Scotish king, Tostus hastened or 

alienee, alliance. 

alie, all. Also, whole; as, J»is 
alle pepuUe in Append, ad 
Prof. Num. xv. is, this whole 

alle gate, altogether, always. To 
London he wild alle gate. 
to London he xvould (go) by all 
alle mygh, almighty. 

Vol. V. p: 124. & Vol. IX. p. 193. 

§ XI. 




alle myght, almighty. 

alle on, all one, alone, only. 

alle one, alone. 

.aller, of all. for ]>er aller sake, 
for all their sakes. fat I be 
gour aller brother, that I be 
altogether your brother, or, that 
I be the brother of all of yoxu 

alle weis, siv9 alle weys, al- 

Almanz, Germans. 

Al marie, Albemarle. 

Almayn, the Romans. 

-almoyn, alms. 

a lone, all one, one, altogether one. 

als, as, also, than, als his mete 
he sat, as he sat at his meat. 

also mykelle, as much. Just as 

als so, also, and so, just so. als so 
verrayly, as truly, als so sone, 
very soon. 

alterage, the profits xohich accrue 
and are due to the priest by ream 
son of the altar. 

altercand, contending, striving. 

anlan, (conjunctim,) a man, 

amang, among. 

ame, am, esteem, love, desire, rec- 
kon'd, aim' d, fathom, tell. 

amerciaments (from the French 
merci, i. e. mercy) are pecu- 
niary punishments imposed up- 
on Offenders at the Mercy of 
the Court ; and differ from Fines, 
•which are Punishments certain 
and determined, by some Sta^ 

ameved, moved. 

amite, amict, a garment or attireg 
particularly *, that linnen at- 
tire, which Priests put first on, 
when they vest themselves^ by 
which is represented to us the 
head-cloth, wherewith the Jew* 
covered the face and eyes of 
our Saviour, when buffeting him 
they said, * Prophecy, who is it 
that smote thee ? 

Amnesbiri, Amesbury or Ambres- 

a mod, amidst, in the middle, 

amountment, reckoning. 

an, a, on. 

ancessoure, ancestor, ancestors, 

&, and, both, if, ever, even, verily. 
& euer, if ever. & I, if I. fe 
barons & of hise said, and of 
his barons they said, vel, and cpf- 
ry one of his barons they said, 

ancestre, ancestors. 

ancestrie, ancestors. 

Andrewmesse, Andrew's mass, 

anens, links, fetters, chains, shaC' 

anerty, hardy, stout. 

anntcler, anntler, or anntloV 
dere, young deer; from the 
French andoillers, the brow» 
anklers, or first branch of a 
Deer's head, 

an ired, angry, an angered. 

Antoyn, Anthony, 

apeires, impairs. 

apers, appears. 

apert, openly. 

Blounfs Diet, interpreting hard Words, vtc. amict. » Luke XXII. 64. 




aperte sive a perte, open, plain, 

apostoyle sive apostoile, apostle, 

a prowe, her profit, her good, her 

are, ere, before, ever. 
arere, back, backwards. 
areson, reason, pei swade, 
arke, chest. 
armes, arm. 
armet, hermit. 
arte, arts, of arte he had }e mais- 

trie, he zsas master of arts. 
Arteys, Artoys, 
aryuen, arrived. 
aryues, arrive, go, get. 
asaied sive asayed, tryed. 
asay, t7-y, essay, attempt. 
ascrie, to cry to. 
askaped, escaped. 
askeped, escaped. 
askes, ashes. 
askie, to ask, ab Anglo-Sax, aj^cian, 

Askvvednesday, Ashicednesday. 
asoiled, absolved. 
asoyled, absolved. 
aspie, espy^ view, take notice of. 
assaide, attempted. 
assaies, essays, tryuls. 
assaile, assault, set upon sive set 

assailed, assaulted, beset. 
3,ssa]ed, assaulted. 
assaut, assault. 
assay, try, attempt, tryal. 
assent, assenting. 
assise, assize, sessions. Rents of 

Assise, fixed and determined 
Rents, anciently paid by Te- 
nants, in a set Quantity of 
Money or Provisions. Spel- 
man writes thereof (in his 
Glossary) thus : " Assisus Re. 
*' ditus, in Maneriis dicitur 
" certus ille & immobilis cen- 
'' sus qui domino solvitur ex 
*' praediis liberis, unde & liber 
" appellatur : estque mobili 
" & nativo contrarius. Assisae 
" de Clarendun apud Hovend. 
" in Henr. 2. Balivi Domini 
'^ Regis respondeant ad Scac. 
" curium tam de assise reditu, 
" quam de omnibus jierquisitio- 
" nibus suis. Hqdie vero nati- 
" vus reditus etiam sub assiso 
" JEstimatur ; nee male, cum per 
" tempus praescriptionis ita in- 
" valuit, lit mutari nequeat. 

assojle, absolve. 

assoiled, absolved. 

assoiles, absolves. 

assoled, absolved. 

assoyle, absolve, loose, 

assoyled, absolved. 

assoyles, absolves. 

a stounde, in a minute, in a trice. 

at, in, at, but. at J^at, p. 74. as 
many as ; adeo ut forsitan re~ 
ponendam sit, al J^at . bot at, iit 
Rob. of Brunne^s Prologue ^, 
but that, 6; forte quidem ibi^aX 
legi debet. 

ateyrted, attainted. 

atcynt, attainted, toere attainted. 

atire, cloalh, accoutre. 

Vide Append, ad Pfccf. nost. Num. V. 

Vol. II. 




atired, allured^ intked, invited, at. 
tired, they equipped, they put in 
order, they prepared for. 

atires, pt epares, riggs out, Jits out, 

atisfcnient, tissues^ silks, inter- 

atrip, try. 

atric^d, tried. 

atrightes, out.right. 

at stand, as stand. 

attached, ajjlxed, fastened, an. 

atteynod, attainted. 

atteynt, attainted, accused. 

atirie, try. 

atturcoppe, spider, from the Saxon 
Acceja-c )ppa, aranea. 

auailed, cast down. 

auale, avail. 

auance, advance. 

auanced, advamed. 

auancement, advance, a proposal, 
advancement, help, advantage, 

auantage, advantage. 

auaunce, advance. 

auauntrie, vaunting. Rebuke him 
for that ilk of J'at auauntrie, 
reprimand him therefore for 
that same vaunting or brag, 

auenant, heaut/full, comely. 

auenture, adventure, hazard, 

auere, riches. 

Aufrice, p. 198. Austria. Sed 
Austrice verior lectio, nt mo. 
niii ad imum paginx. Aufrice 
to aspie him were better haf 
left, it had been better for him 
to have omitted the spying of 

Aufrik, Africa. 

auh, aught. 

auht, eight, had, held, otced, oughgf 

ought to have. 
auhte, eight. 
auhten, eighteen. Sed pag. 81. 

eighth potius significare vide- 

auhtend, eighteenth, or rather in 

pag. 81. eighth. 
auhtene, eighteen. 
avis, advice, opinion, judgment^ 

counsell, sentence, direction, disi. 

auise, advised. 
avised, advised. 

avisement, consideration, advice. 
avowe, vow, oath, renounce. 
auowrie, authority, approbation, 

j)rotection, allowance. 
austere, rough, roughly. 
Austrice. See Aufrice. 
autene, eighteen. 
autere, altar. 
auys, advice, opinion, direction. 

at his auys, according to his own 

opitiion or judgment. 
auysementj advice, advisement. 
aw, away. 
awen, own. 
a werre, wared, defended them. 

a wile, a zehile. 
a wiles, a while, after a little, pre. 

awith, p. p9. out, azcay. Sf quidem 

ad imum pagince away reponen. 

dum esse conjeci. 
ay, always, ever, egg. 
aye, grief, sorrow, difficulty, 





aysed, eased. 
aywhare, every where. 


bad, bad^ bid, commanded. 

bade, bode, presaged, ordered, bid, 

bagelle, rings, jezoells. 

bailie, government, function, of. 

baitand, in great hast. 

bakkis, backs. 

bald, bold. 

baldely, boldly. 

bale, grief, sorrozc, burthen. 

balie, bailywick, territories, go. 

balifes, bailiffs. 

baly, government, wardship, tut- 

bandj bound, bonds. 

bandoiis, divisions, bonds, custody. 

bandoun, list, custody, bonds, 
bands, clutches, pouer. 

bankis, banks. 

bapteme, baptism. 

bare, bore, tarried. 

baret, imposition, cheat. 

barete, contention. J^at wele couth 
of barete, that were well skiU'd 
in contention. 

barette, trouble, disturbanoe. 
Hence Minshieu observes, that 
a barretour is the same as a trou- 
blesome fellow, q. dicas, a barre 
troubler, because he setteth men 
atoddes, and is a common wrang- 
ler, causing one or another to 

be impleaded or troubled at the 
Barre of Justice, where the Law 
is handled. 

barn, beajin, barne, son, child. 

baron, lord. 

Bascel, Bascles, a sort of robbers 
or highway-men so called. Hence 
Du . Fresne, in his Glossary : 
" BASCLI, Basculi, Prasdones, 
*' Ruptarii, ex Vasconia, cujus 
" incolas Basques, id est, Vas. 
" cones, appellantur. 

Baskles, idem quod Bascel. 

baston, (in Robert of Brunne^s 
Prologue ') battune, cudgel, but 
here it denotes a sort of verse 
in rhythm, that was pungent and 

batailed, battled, fought. 

batailes, battles. 

bafand, beating, hastily, hasty. 

bate, abate. 

batelle, little boat. 

bawmed, embalmed. 

bayard, bayard, the particular 
name of an horse, but some, 
times it signifies an horse in 
general' Whence Dr. Skin, 
ner, " Bayard, sc. horse, 
" /v. G. Bay art, Ang. Bay, 
" Lat. Ridero Badius, Balius". 
The word baiardus, for an 
horse, occurrs likewise in some 
middle-aged Writers, as Du. 
Fresne hath zcell observed, 
tcho notes, at the same time, 
that it is the same in signift. 
cation zei/h bagus, bagius, or 
baius, which originally deno. 

Append, ad Prsef. nostr. Num. V. 

V 2 




ted only the particular colour 
of an horse^ viz. phoenicius, or 
puniceus, i. e. a bright bay or 
light red, a colour much set hy^ 
and therefore very often exhi- 
bited in the Figures of Horses 
in old illuminated books. The 
Word crOT«<^i| is the same. 

bayte, baited, fastened, invaded. 

be, by, 6c, /*. be skrite, by zori. 
ting, do git be be consaiie, do 
yet be \_guverned'] by coiinsil. 
This -isay of zoriting he for by 
occitrrs also in the old Song of 
Chevy Chaccj that I have pub- 
. lish'd at the beginning of my 
Edit, of Guiliolmus Neubrigen- 
sis, as it does likezinse fre- 
quently in the S<:oliish Wri- 
ters, \)articularly in the old 
Translation of Hector Bo'e~ 
iius's History of Scotland, thus 

The History and Chroniklis 
of Scoiland with the Cosmo- 
graphy and Discription thair- 
of. (.'oinpilit be the noble Clerk 
maister Hector Boece Channon 
of Aberdene. Translatit lait- 
ly in our Vulgar and Commoun 
Langage, be maister Johne Bel.. 
lenden Archedene of Murray, 
and Channon of Ross. At 
the Command of the richt 
hie, richt excellent, and noble, 
prince James the V, of that 

Name King of Scottis. And im- 
prentit in Edinburgh be me 
Thomas Davidson, prenter to 
the kyngis nobyll Grace, 
dwellyng ' fornens the frere 

The mention of ivhich book, 
(of which there were but few 
Copies printed *) and the bat~ 
tie of Chevy Chace, (which 
others call the Battle ^ of Ot- 
terbuioe) brings to my mind 
the follozoing Passage, tran- 
scrib''d out of the said Book 
for me by, my ingenious 
Friend, Mr. Ward of Long~ 
bridge, at the same time that 
he sent me the before specify'' d 
Title : 

Sa mony gud as of ye Douglas hes 

Of ane Surname was nevir in 

Scotland sene. 

This battall of Otterburne was 

strikin on Sanct Oswaldis day 

the. V. day of August, the zeir 

of God ane. M. iii. C. Ixxxviii. 


And 'twas from the same book 

also, that the same Friend af- 

terzaards sent me the three fol- 

lowing Notes. The first is on 

Gathelus's Chair, nozo at West- 

miiister : 

« Over against. = Nicclson's Scottish Historical Librarj, pag. lOf. 3 De quo 
proelio vide Fordunum, a nobis editum, pag; 1075. 




The Scottis sail brake that realme, as natyue Ground. 
(Geif weirdis fayll nocht) quhair euir this chiar is found. 

Palladius was the first by- 
schop that bure au thorite 
amang the Scottis, - - 

, _ - and deceissit 

in ane town of Mern T nam- 

it Fordoun, quhare his blissit 
body Testis zit haldin in gret 

veneration amang ye pepylL 
His banis war iaitly translatit 
be ane nobyl man Williaoi 
Scheues archebischop of Sanct 
Andros, & put in ane Syluer 
cais with mony solempne ceri = 
monyis. Fra ye incarnation 
of god ane. M. iiii. C. Ixxxxiiii 

3 Sanct Colme. Sanct Patrik. and Brigitta pure. 

• Thir thre in Dune lyis in ane Sepulture. 

beam, the tree^ the stock. 

beame, (trabs,) beam, no bote 
o beame, no remedy or assist- 

Be calle,;?. 257. advoco, eomodo 
quo & bespeak dicimus. Sed 
hie loci accuse denotat. 

be cum, became. 

bed, offered, bid. bed the same 
bede, made the same order. 

bede, prayed, intrea/ed, bid, 
offer, offered, promise, pray. 

er, order, ordered, commanded, 
command, dxell^ invited, con- 

bedes, offers. 

bedLs, offer. 

beem, death, no bote of beem, 
J). 103. no keeping from death. 
But in an old MS. Tract of the 
last Judgment {voritten in the 
same ancient MS. that I quote 
under the wordheWe) heamsigni. 
fies trumpet. The Passage is this: 

And thynke euere on the dredful dome, 

As dede that holy man Seynt Jerome, 

That euere (houghte ther on bothe night and dayes, 

And therfore in a bok thus he says, 

St comedam vel bibam,sive aliquod aliudfaciam, semper michividetur 
ilia tubasonare in auribus meis, " Surgite mortui, venite ad judicium. 


u 3 




He seyth whethir that I ete or drynke, 
Other do ought elles, euere me thynke, 
That the beem, that schal blowe at domesday, 
Sowneth ia myn ere, and thus say, 
" Rys up ^e that ben dede and come, 
" Un to the dredful day of dome. 

Afterwards the same Author 
useth beom, ia the singular, for 
trumpet, and beomes, in the 
plural, for trumpets. 

beforn, before. 

begile, beguile, deceive. 

begiled, beguiled, deceived. 

behald, to behold. 

be hette, promised. 

behoue, behoof. 

behouely, necessary, behooveable, 
ab Anglo-Sax. behojrhc, yieces- 

belde, build. 

belyue, quick, quickly, now ba- 
tale vs belyue, now let us fight 

bene, bane, destruction, been. 

benisoun, benediction^ blessing. 

benk, bench* 

benke, bench, bank, treasury. 

benyson, blessing. 

berd, board, beard, in his berd 
redy ran, readily ran aboard 

berde, bride. 

bere, behave, behave well, bier, 
bear, bring. Inpag. 119, it is 
bier, or rather tumulus, where 
the words are, hir lord Jay on 
bere, i. e. her Lord lay in tomb, 
It is from the Saxon beojij. 
Our Word burrow or barrow 

ansioers to it. Heaps of Earth 
(and sometimes Stones) were 
the ancient Monuments in 
England. Stones were to the 
Memory of those of superior 
Rank, Heaps of Earth to such 
as were of the middle and in., 
ferior degree; whence HiSj 
that even to this day the loxc- 
est Quality, buried in Church^ 
Yards, have only small Hil. 
locks in your Country Villages 
rais''d over them. Yet the Dis- 
tinction was often disregarded 
formerly, as nell as it hath been 

beres, bears. 

beris, bears, carries. 

bes, be. His right bes noiiht doun 
soner J^an any wend, his right 
will be quite down sooner than, 
any one thinks. 

be schent, ruin, destroy. 

be side, by the side of, besides. 

be sight, scandal, offence. Angl. 
Sax. hep's, scandulum. 

besquite, bisket. 

betauht, committed, resigned. 

bete, abode, mitigate, alleviate. 

beten, commanded. 

Bethlyngton, p. 77. Betlingetun 

betide sive be tide, betide, happen. 



betis, heais. 

betraised, betrayed^ tricked. 

bez, iSy shall be. 

biddyng, request, asking, com~ 
mand, order, ordering. 

bide, abide, exspect, tarry. 

bidene, biting, abiding, tarrying, 
bidding, praying, bidden, being 
bidden, being desired, continuuL 
ly, commanded, judged, adjudg- 
ed, readily, quite alle bidene, 
quite and clean, he robbed all 
bidene, /«e robbedall oontinually. 

bie, by. 

bien, been. 

bifor, sive bi for, before. 

bifore, before. 

biforn, before. 

bigan, began. 

bigeged, besieged. 

bijete, begot. 

bigge, to build, to be, to remain, 
to continue. Ab. ASax. (inquit 

' Skinnerus) bycjan, aedificare, 
bijan, colere, byan, habitare. 

bigged, begged, builded, inhabited. 

biggen, begin. 

bijond, beyond. 

bigonnen, begun. 

bigyn, reverencing, obeying, pre. 

bihest, command, Jat kepe not 
his bihest, those that keep not 
his commandments. 

biheste, promise. 

biken, acknowledge, bring forth, 
deliver, render, enjuyn. 

biUenne, sought out, signifyed, 
found, assign. 

biker, bickering, strife, contest. 

bikere, bicker. 

bileft, left, leaving, lived, conti.. 
nued. The Word bileve or 
heleve for leave zoas very pro- 
perly used in old time, ichen 
they spoke of sticking closely 
to any old Laws, and therefore 
'tis that zee find it in Robert 
of Gloucester, (p. 470.) z^hen 
he acquaints us with. Thomas 
of Beckefs firmly adhering to 
the old Laws, rather than 
strike in with Innovations and 
new fangled Customs. And 
the word was so ivell approved 
of afterwards, that even the 
person, that undertook to me- 
taphrase him (tho"" his per- 
formance was but indifferent) 
about the time of K. Henry FL 
kept to the very word, as may 
appear from the intire Pas. 
sage, as I have here transcribed 
it from the vellum MS. of this 
Metaphrase, that was lent me 
(since I published Robert of 
Gloucester) by a curious Gen- 
tleman, viz. Thomas Ward 
of Longbridge, near War- 
wick, Esq. Nomau myglit 
thynke the loue that was be- 
twne him [_K. Hen. 7/.] and 
seyntThomas, And the Deuylle 
had therto envy, and set ma- 
lice and disturbance betwene 
the kynge and seynt Tho- 
mas. For the kynge woldnot 
beleve the lawes that he 
founde^ but occupiede suche 
l\iher lawes, as othir vn- 
V 4 happy 



happy kynges occupied, as 
William Bastarde and Wil. 
liam the rede, and othere. 
And seynt Thomas wolde 
not by his -wille suffre none 
iville law, nor iville cus- 
tome. So that grete stryff 
felle betvvene hym and the 
kynge. And som seynt Tho- 
mas graunted, and som Avith- 
/ seide of the kyngc's de- 

^ sires, he graunted thes ar- 

* 1 tides that followeth: That 
& an boundemannes Sonne 
/ becom a clerke, he shalnot 

/ receve J^e ordre of prist- 

' ode, without licens of his 

lorde. For a bondeman may 
not be made ageynst his 

2 lorde's Aville fre. And yf 
, man of holy Churche holde 

/ eny lay Fee in his honde, 

/ he shalle do therfore kynge's 

I serues that longeth therto, 

V- as pledynge, assise of londes 

& at jugements, saue only 

at excecusion doynge of 

3 deth. Seynt Thomas graunt- 
ed, Yf eny man were the 
kynge's Traytoure, and 
had taken the Churche, 
that hit be levefulle to the 
kynge and his officers to 

4 take him out. And also 
yf eny Fclone's goode were 
broght to holi churche, that 

they shulde none suche kepe 
there. For euery Felon's 
goodes bene the kynge's. 
Seynt Thomas graunted also, 5 
that no lond shulde be geven 
to the Churche, or to eny 
house of Religion, Avithout 
the kynge's lycens. And 
this poyntes that followeth 
seynt Thomas graunted not, 
and that was to hym grete 
sorowe aftir warde. The 
first was, yf that betwene 1 
a Clerke and a lay man 
were eny stryvynge for eny 
churche godes, * the wolde 
that the pie shulde be done 
in his Court. The secunde 2 
poynt was, that ther shulde 
nothir bishop nor clerke 
goo out of the londe, with- 
out the kynge's licens, and 
then he shulde swere vp- 
pon a boke, that he shulde 
not purchase none hurt a- 
geynst the kynge, nor none 
of his. The thred, and if 3 
eny man were denoncede a 
cursede, and when he were 
come ageyne to amende- 
ment, the kynge woldnot 
that he shulde* he shulde '' 
be sworen, but only fynde 
sewrties to stonde to that 
holy churche wolde awarde. 
The fourth, That noman, 4 

* The marginal Numbers aie of a much attr hand. 






Ihat helde of the kynge in 
cheflf or in seruice, shulde 
not be a cursede, without 

5 the kynge's licence. The 
fifte, that all tlie Bishopryes 
and Abbeis, that were va- 
cant, shuld be in the kynge's 
hondes, vnto suche tyme that 
he wolde chuse a prelate ther- 
to. And he shuld be cho- 
sen out of the kynge's Cha- 
pelle, and first or he were 
confermede he shuld [' </o] 
his homage to the kynge. 

6 The sixte, if eny pie were 
to Con-[* sQ story broght, 
they shulde appelle from thens 
to the Archedeken, and from 
thens to the Bisshoppes Court, 
and from the Bisshoppes to 
the Archibisshoppes, and from 
thens to the kynge, and no 
farther. So that, in conclu- 
sion, the complcyntes of 
holi churclie must come be- 
fore the kynge,* and not to 

7 the Pope. The seveneth, 
that alle dettes, that were 
owynge through truth plight, 
shulde not be pleded in spi- 
ritualle, but in temporalle 

8 Court. The eight, that the 
Petirs pens, that to the Pope 
shulde be taken, to the kyuge 

9 were gadered. The nenyth, 

if eny Gierke for felony were 
taken, and so provede, he shulde 
first be disgrade, and thea 
throgh Jugement hange hym, 
or elles drawe. For thies, 
and many othere good, seynt 
Thomas fledde out of Eng- 
londe, and after warde was 
martrede. And nedes he must 
be martrede, or elles holy 
churche hadde evir be in grete 
bondage, J^at of verey right 
shulde be fre. And > that 
same yere diede the Emperes 
bilyue, fast. 

:' s' 
bis, grei/, black. 

bisandes, bi/ the sands. 

biseke, beseech^ desire, intreat. 

bisemed, beseemed, seemed. 

bisent, bcseeched. 

bisouh, besought. 

bish, bishop. Our Ancestors had 

different ways of writ. ^ ^ ^^^ 

iiig and pronouncing Pope's su- 

this Word. In Saxon primacy 
'//* biyceop. In Henry apone. 

the VIV^'. time they 

often writ, and pronounced it^ 

pushup. Hence an old MS. 

Note, ihat my ingenious 

Friend Thomas Ward, of 

Loiigbridge near Warwick; 

'This word is by the same modern hand, that put the marginal Numbers, 
is this syllable. 3 This marginal Note is likewise by the same modern hand. 

And S3 




Esq;, met wilhj and commu. 

nicated to me: Thomas Ulzay 

pushup of Yourke cardinalle 

/ & legate of Lattery dyed at 

'^ Laycetter the xxix day of No- 

vembyr anno regis H. viii. xxii. 

Bishop^ s-Waltham in Hampshire 

in some Maps is styled Bush. 

Walt ham. 
Wstad, consumed, conjined, put. 

bistad in hold, put in hold, con. 

fined in hold or in prison. 
bisted, fared, bested, besteed, put 

to it. fuUe hard was bisted, 

was very hardly put to it. j^e 

clergie ille bisted, the clergy had 

fared ill. 
bisuike, deceive. Ab. Angl. Sax. 

bej-pican, supplantare, decipere, 

bit, bit, bite. 

bitaken, committed to, given to. 
bitauht, committed, committed to. 
bite, to bite, to abide, to alight. 
l)iteched,committed, intrusted zoith. 

Ab Ang. Sax. becaecan, tradere. 
biten, between. 
bitid, it betided, it happened. 
bitidde, betide, betid. 
bi tide, betimes. 
bitides, happens. 
bitraised, betrayed. 
bitraist, betray'd. 
bituen, between. 

bituene, between, betzoeen whiles. 
bituex, betxjoixt. 
bityme sive bi tyme, betimes, early, 

soon, presently* 

biwan, bewan, toon, got. 

bi went, turned, turned about, 
winded about. 

blanne, ceased. 

blaunche, ivhite. 

bleiik, blink, look aside, trans, 
gression, wrong, damage, mis. 

blithe, glad, merry, joyfull. 

blitheli sive blithely, gladly, Tea* 

blij^ely, readily, chearfully, glad- 

blithly, gladly. 

bio, bleziti. 

blome, bloom, blossom, flower. 
Ab Angl. Sax. blojfm sive bloj- 
ma, flos. 

blynfeld, blindfold, blinded. 

blythe, glad. 

blythely, gladly. 

bo, but. 

bode, message sive a message, 
news, messenger, messengers, 
rumour, tidyngs, boded, for. 
bode, prcesaged. 

boke, book. The Saxon is boe 
or bee. The ancients used to 
write upon the bark of treeSy 
particularly upon the bark of 
beech trees, the greatest plen. 
ty whereof, among us, gi'ew 
in that Province called, pro- 
bably from thence, Bucking- 
hamshire. Afterwards even pie- 
ces of Wood were called also 
bokes, insomuch that boka ' al. 
so signify''d an old bit of Wood. 

Coll. Nostr. MSS. Vol. 104. p. 44. 



Of such Pieces of Wood Chim- 
ney.pieces formerly consisted, 
upon which inscriptiofis zsere 
sometimes cut by our Ances. 
tors, as there were also now 
and then when they were made 
of Stone. Such Pieces had 
often Mouths to them. Such 
is thai published by Dr. Wallis. 

The French Word bouche, 
therefore, very properly sig- 
nifies OS or mouth. In which 
signification is also to be taken 
the Word boka in the follow- 
ing old Inscription, written over 
a Chimney-piece, or rather cut 
in stone, at Puddleton in Dor- 

Dominus Willelmus Owen 

vicarius istius loci. 

Quod boka icy. 

Quod {the same with quoth) 
for inquit or saith, is often 
found in MSS. particularly 
after the Reign of Edw. It\ 
about which time I take this 
Inscription to be. And I find 
it expressly many times in 
Mr. Sheldon's old MS. of the 
Lives of the Saints. Icy is 
the same as' hie. So that the 
meaning of the last line is, 
saith the Mouth [of the Chimney] 

bokes, books. 

boidehed, 1 

boldhede, I boldness, courage. 

boil, bone. 

bond, bound, bonds, bondage, of 

bond was brouht, was brought 

out of bonds. 
bonde, bound. 

bonden, bound, bounden, impri- 

bondon, bound. 

bone, request, petition, prayer, 
boon, good, xoell, apt, ready^ 
fine, readily, bonny. The Word 
boon, for a favour, good Turn, 
or Request, (from the Saxon 
bene, postulatio, petitiq, roga- 
tio) is noio in common use. 
And it denotes also a blessing ; 
to which purpose 'tis well ap- 
ply'' d to K. Charles I. (a King 
so calm, so patient, so merci- 
full, more like to a natural 
Father than a Prince, that 
such another, for an excellent 
temper, and all peifections 
belonging to a good Prince, 
was never read of before in 
the Stories of this Land', 

' See a Prayer made for the Chnrch, and all the States thereof, at the End of a very 
small Pocket Kditioji of the Singing Psalms, imprinted at London ^. D. 1635. Sea 
a\so, Britannia; y'irtutis Imago, or The Life of that incomparable Knight, Major General 
Smith, by Edward Walsingham, A". 1644. 4to. 




and therefore, as I said, the 
Word is properly used of him) 
in p. 100. of a very loyal, and 
very scarce little Book (con- 
sisting of six Sheets and an 
half, and jjrinted in 12°. at 
London A. D. 1660.) ititit. 
Cromwell's bloody slaughter- 
house ; or, his damnable Designes 
laid and practised by him and his 
Negro's, in contriving the mur- 
der of his Sacred Majesty King 
Charles I. discovered. By a Per. 
son of Honour. I say this word 
boon for a blessing is properly 
us''d in this little Book, this 
excellent Prince being certain, 
ly one of the greatest Bless, 
ings ever bestowed upoti these 
Kingdoms, tho' his Rebelli. 
ous Subjects made a very ill 
use of it. The Stationer in 
the Preface to this small, but 
very valuable. Treatise ac 
quaints us (that I may ob. 
serve this by the 'za^ay) that it 
was penn''d many years before 
it came out, arid teas sent 
over from the Hague to be 
Printed here, for his Maje. 
stie^s service ; but that 'tzcas 
hindered (till after the Restau. 
7'ationJ upon this occasion. 
The Printer, to zchose care 
it zoas commended, fell into 
some trouble, for some Acts 
of Loyalty, which were then 
call'd Treason ; such as were 
the Printing K. Charles the 
1st'* ificomparable Book, in. 
iiuled ElKflN BA2IA1KH, in 

English, Latin, French and 
Italian : Salmasii Defensio Re- 
gia : Elenchus Motuum nupero- 
rum in Anglia, by Dr. Bates; 
and some other things of the 
like nature. He was commit- 
ted to Newgate ; his Press 
and other Materials seized up- 
on and carried azvay by Huns- 
cott ; his Wife and six chil- 
dren turned out of doors, and 
threat7ied to be tried by an 
high Court o/In-justice. When 
it appeared, those of rebel- 
lious Principles were strange- 
ly nettled at it, especially 
when they saw, that the Au- 
thor had discovered (in p. 3S. 
as well as in the Frontispiece 
of the Book) that Hugh Pe- 
ters was the disguized Villain, 
that cut off this blessed King''s 
Head. Who the Author was, 
I cannot say. My learned 
Friend Mr. Baker of Cam- 
bridge suspects it to have been 
done by Clem. Walker, Esq; 
whose third Part of the Hi- 
story of Independency bears 
the like Title, viz. The High 
Court of Justice, or Cromwel's 
New Slaughter House 8(c. but it 
was printed before the year 
1660. a?id reprinted that year 
in 4to. and nothing is there 
said of Hugh Peters being the 
Executioner, who tho^ he had 
guilt enough to deserve hang, 
ing, yet (i)i the Trial of the 
Regicides) seems to clear him- 
self of that part of the charge, 



by proving, he tbos sick in his 
Bed all the day of the King's 
Murther, and the Judges seem 
to absolve him from that 
Crime, tho^ it teas sworn a- 
gainst him. Indeed that seems 
to me to he very true, which 
is. observed by William Lilly 
the Astrologer in his Life, 
written by himself, zohich I 
have seen, under his ozvn 
hand, in the Ashmolean Mu- 
seum, viz. that Lieutenant 
Collonel Joyce xcas the very 
person, that did this barba- 
rous Execution ; nor can I 
think, that any will look up. 
on it as at all improbable, 
that shall consider the impu. 
dence of that vile Fellow, and 
how he was prompted and in- 
stigated to undertake this vil- 
lanous Action by that Arch- 
Rebell, Oliver Cromwell, who 
was as great an Enemy to the 
Church of England, as this 
King was a Friend to it, it 
being his sincere Affectioti to 
this excellent Church (the 
Rights of which he would not 
give up) that brought him to 
the Block, a thing -which Bi- 
shop Andrews had predicted ma- 
ny years before it happened, as 
■may appear from an authen- 
tick Paper {transcribed from 
a MS. in the Ashmolean Mu- 
seum j and given to me, by 

Mr. Jones, one of the Assist, 
ants of that place) which I have 
printed in the Appendix to my 
Preface '. 
boote, boot, boat, to boote mad 
him bone, made a prayer for 
him to boot. 
borde, table. 
borowe, borrow, to be surety, to 

boste, aloud, with boasting, with 

bot, but, except, unless, booty, 

bot if, unless. 

bot if he, unless he, but and he. 

bote, boot, booty, compensation, 

remedy, recompence, bit, ma. 

naged, bout, punished, boded, 


bo}er, p. 194. brother, quo modo 

etiam plane legendum. 
botlers, butlers. 
bouh, bow, stoop. 
bouke, back, chine. 
boule, bowle. 

boun, bound. & to the boim redy 
with him to fight, p. 70. and full 
ready to Jight with him. nam 
idem plane est boun quod para- 
tus, adeo ut fir met vocem redy 
mox sequentem, haudjue aliud 
proinde sit quam full vel valde. 
Vide Skinnerum, voc. bound, 
bourdour, boarder, pensioner. 

bowed, stooped. 

Num. XIX. 




bownus, bones. 

boye, 603/, young man, youth^ 
servant, a boye full pantenere, 
« servile fellow. 

Brabans, Brabanters. 

braid, eruption^ trouble, deceit., 
guile, loss, taking axcay, brunt, 
office. Jie more Jak was fayn, 
to do William J'at braid, the 
more Ja:k was glad, to do Wil- 
liam that office or turn. 

braide of tresoiij, commission of 

braken, broke. 

brast, burst, broke. 

brede, breadth. 

brefe, brief, writ, writing. 

breke, arms, steel, breech. 

brest, brast, burst. 
brej^er, brothers, brethren. 
bridale, marriage-feast, bride-ale 

or wedding. dinner. Ab Angl. 

Sax. bjiyb-ealo^j nuptiale con' 

brige, bring. 
brigge, bridge. 
Brigges, Bruges (or, as the 

French Copies, Barges) in 

briggid, abridged. 
brim, hot, eager, full, brim full, 

bring, brought. 
britten, carryed away, dispersed 

abroad. Ab A. Sax. bjiaebanj 

propalare, auferre. 
bro, broio, brink. 
broched, spurred. 
brondcs, brands. 

brojjefulle, wrathful!, angry. 

bro^ely, angrily, fulle broj^ely & 
brim, great anger and wrath. 

brouh, brought. 

brouhtes, broughtest. 

bru, Bruce. 

Brute, (in the Prologue of 
Rob. of Brunne,) Brute. J7e 
Brute alle j^at j^e Latyn 
spelles, all that the Latin tells 
of Brute. or, it may be, 
^tis here the same with bruit 
or a story. And so perhaps 
the English Chronicle calPd 
Brute of England (of which 
there are many MS. where, 
of one, tho^ imperfect in se. 
veral places, which is pity, it 
being otherwise a Book of 
very good note, was given 
me very lately by my Friend 
Mr. Barman of Christ-Church 
in Oxford) was stiled not 
from Brutus, but from the 
Notion received at that time, 
tohen the Compiler lived, 
that Brute xoas an History or 
Story ; and then Brute of 
England will be no more 
than the History or Story of 
England. Yet I do not 
know, but the zoord bruit for 
a Story in general, might owe 
iVs original to the Word Bru- 
tus, who used formerly to be 
so much talWd of, as giving 
Name to Britannia. This is 
certain, that, in the said Pro. 
logue of Brunne, these Words, 
Mayster Wace J^e Brute all 
redes, are the same as. 



Master Wace tells all the British 
History or Story. 

brym, brim, full, the utmost edge 
of anything, ab A. Sax. bjiymme, 
ora, margo, ripa, lahrum. Item 
famous, notable, ab Angl. Sax. 
bjiyme, solennis, clarus, notabi- 
lis, to J70 )>re bare hjm so bryra, 
carried himself so notably to 
(^or against) those three. 

bryn, brains, icay, path, passage, 

bugerie, buggery. 

buke, book, bulces, books. 

bulchyn, bull's chine, oxe's chine. 

bulle, bull. Among the old Ro- 
mans it was properly a gold 
ornament or jewel for children, 
(especially the pueri prcetextati, 
or noblemens children) hollow 
within, made like a heart, and 
UFed to be hung about their 
necks, and to be worn by them 
'till they were fourteen years 
of age. It came afterwards 
to have various significations. 
Hence Ebrardus Bethuniensis (an 
author who flourished in the 
year 1212. ') in his Grwcis~ 
mus * ; 

Bulla, tumor luticis, Nola, Sidus, Gemma, Sigillum, 
Bulla notat Gemmam, Sfellam, vesfem puerorum, 
Ornamenta sil. . . bullas, 4" balthea signal. 

But the Signification, that more 
nearly concerns us, is that, 
which relates to the Briefs or 
Mandats of the Pope ^, which 
are called Bulls, from the lead, 
and sometimes golden Seal af- 
fixed thereto, which Seal Matth. 
Paris, anno 1237. 4 describes 
thus : In bulla domini Papa' slat 
imago Pauli, a dexti is crucis 
in medio bailee Jiguralce, &^ Pe- 
tri fi sinistris : nulla tamen in. 
ter tantos sanctos est orta iin- 
quam contentio, ambo enim sunt 

in coiequali gloria. Veritnta- 
men propter Petri clavigeri dig. 
nitatem, S^- Apostolatus princi. 
patum, necnon ^ cathedralem 
dignitatem, cum prioratu voca. 
tionis ; meritb a dextris crucis 
ejus imago collocanda videtur. 
Sed quia Paulus credidit in 
Christum, quern non vidit ; a 
dextris Jiguratur: Beati euim 
qui non viderunt, 4'f But in- 
stead of saying any thing more 
from printed Authors, or of no- 
ting how properly some de- 

' Du Frcsne in Prcef. ad Gloss, med. S< inf. Lat. n. XL V. ^ in Indice Auctorum 
V. EBRJRDUS. • Du Fresne Gloss, voc. BULLA. 3 Blount's Interpretation of 
Hard Words^ voc. bull, * Ed. fVatsii, p. 447. 




rive the word from the Greek 
/S«>,i, I shall refer the Reader 
to Spelman's ' and Dii-Fresne's 
Glossaries % and in the mean time 
I will transcribe, what I find in 
a MS. Latin Glossary (that I 
have) written, as I take it, about 
the time of K» Edw. I. and is the 
same (hat is cited by the learned 
Mr. Dodwell ^, (to whom I had 
sent some Passages out of it :) 
Bulla, ut alt Papias, ornamen. 
turn est regalium jmerorum, vel 
equorum^ vel camelorum, quia 
hiijiismodi ornamenta poneban" 
tur circa colla eorum. In sig- 
num eciam nohilitatis nobiles 
pueri portabant bullae , a collo 
pendentes. Dicuntur bullce, 
quia similes sunt rotunditate 
bullis, quce in aqua vento inflan.. 
tur ; vel dicuntur bullce a bul- 
liendo. Item bulla dicitur, quce 
Jit in aqua ex cadente pluvia, S^ 
vento injlante. Item invenitur 
eciam pro stella. Unde Ovidius 
JMethamor. ex. gracia, 4 Tnti. 
muit sicud pluvia perlucida coelo 
surgere bulla solet. Idem bul- 
lam vocat Ivo vestem, Sf papale 
sigillum. The Form of Abso- 
lution by the Pope's Bull I iind 
express'd thus, in a small Quar- 
to Paper MS. written about the 

time of K. Hen. VI. and lent mc 
by Thomas Ward, of Longbridge 
near Warwick, Esq;, (contain- 
ing, among other Things, a La- 
tin account of the finding the 
Holy Cross :) 

Absolucio per Bullam. 
Et ego, auctoritate DeipatriSy 
&; filii, S; spirit us sancti, 4" do- 
mini nostri papa; summi pontifi- 
ciSy ac tocius universalis ecclesia', 
quafungor in hac parte, te ab' 
solvo ab omni sentencia excom. 
municacionis, suspencionis S^~ in- 
terdict i, siquam incur risti. eciam 
sacramentis ecclesice te restifuo. 
In nomine pair is, S^-Jilii, Sf spi^ 
ritus sancti. Amen. 
bunden, bound. 

burd, behooved, board, table,oieghf, 
it behoved, it obliged, nedes 
burd him wende, it was necesm 
sa/'i/for him to go a ship. board, 
j>at help burd it haue, that it 
ought to have help. Sed sicut 
in p. 76. buyd pro burd repo- 
nendum esse aliquando conj'ece- 
ram, it a Sf inpag. 180. m adver. 
sariis notavi, " burd, ab Anglo. 
" Sax. buji^en, onus esse, nisi 
'' forsitanhn'id reponas, ut burd 
" idem sit quod buid sive huij>, 
" i. e. both, eo sc. sensu, ut 
J^am burd departe j'er jjrong sit, 

■Gloss. Archaeolog; voc; bulla. = Gloss, mediae & inf. Lat. voc. BULLA. Item 
Gloss, mediae & inf. Graecitatis voc. Bj.'M». 3 Diss, de Parma Equcstri VVoodwardiana, 
p. 38, 40; * L. intumuit. 

" both 



^•both of them separated their com- 
** pany or their party, quam lectio. 
" nem Jirmat textus Gallicus." 
To treus on alle wise him 
l)urd grant fertille. That he 
granted boards or table, or a con- 
venient place, to treat by all 
means of a truce. 

burgeis, burgesses j citizens^ towns- 

burgh, iown, 

busk, bush. 

buske, bush. 

busked, ambushed, lurked, shel- 
tered themselves. 

busse, vessel. 

bussed, laid in ambush. 

bussement, ambushment. 

busses, vessels, great vessels. 

but, unless, except. 

by, be, continue. 

by fore, before. 

liyholldyng on, looking on. 


Gald, called, appealed, appeaVd to. 

calle, call, say. 

camen, came. 

can, can do. 

Cantebrige, Cambridge. They 
fermerly writ it in Latin either 
Cantebrigia, or Cantibrigia,.«o^ 
Cantabrigia. See Lelajid's [tin. 
Vol. IX. p. 169. 

•ar or carr, a rocke, a skar. Angl. 
Sax. cajiji. rapes, scopulus, pe. 

carfe, cut, cut off. 

casten, was east. 

catchis, causeth. 

catelle, chattels. 

certes, certainly, surely. 

certeya sive certayn, certain, cer~ 

tainty, certainly. 
certis, truly. 
cerue, cut, circle; from the Sax 

ceoppan, secure, scindere. 
char, care,jobb. 
chare, chair, cheerfully, finely, 
Chayn, Cain. 

cheitefe, caitif, ivretched villain. 
cheitif, caitif, knave. 
chek, check, checking, opposition, 

obstruction, obstacle, robbery y 

mischief, quarreling, quarrel. 
cheke bi cheke, cheek by cheek, 

cheek (vulgo J/|f) by jowl, very 

close together. 
chekere, Exchequer. 
chelde, child. 
chene, chiii. 
chere, cheer. 
cherle, churl, clown. Ab Angl. 

Sax. ceojil, rusticus, colonus, 

cherles, churls. 
ches, elected, chosen, chos6d,choose, 

chose, choosest. 
chese, choose, chose. 
chesis, choose. 
cheson, occasion. 
chesons, scandals. 
chest, mur?7iuring, strife, conten- 
tion. Ab A. Sax. ceajc, lis, con- 

tentio, murmuraiio. 
cheualrie, chivalry, knighthood, 

brave men. A Knight among 

the Romans was called eques ' 

AahmoUiS Order of the Garter, ^,17. 

Vol. II. 




from equus a Horse ; because 
they zcere esteemed Equites ', 
who having a publick Horse^ did 
receive the stipend of a Horseman 
to serve in the Wars : and in. 
deed one pari of the Cere, 
mony^ whereby this Honor 
became conferred^ zcas the 
giving of a Horse, bestowed 
on them at the Publick 
Charge. And it must be no. 
iedf withall, that * the zcord 
used to donote the Degree of 
Knighthood, in the several Dia- 
lects of other Nations, hath 
the same derivation, to wit, 
from a Horse ; for in the 
i^'rench, a Knight is called Che- 

valier; (which zoas a Word 
also much used by our English 
Ancestors, and it very fre. 
quently occurrs in our MSS. 
as it does also in Mr. Dods. 
worth's MSS. Collections :) 
in the German, Ridder; in 
the Italian, Cavagliero; {to 
which Italian term our mo. 
dern English Word Cavalier, 
now commonly used for a 
truly honest man, such as those 
that suffered for K. Charles I, 
&c. answers:) nay even in the 
ancient British, Morchog ; con. 
cerning some of zshich, hear 
also (saith Mr. Ashmole ') one 
of GeofFry Chaucer' J Scholars. 

4 Eques, ab Equo, is said of very ryghtj 

And Chevalier, is said of Chevalrie, 

In Mhich a Rider called is a Knight, 

Arogoners done also specifie 

Caballiero through all that partie. 

Is name of worship, and so took his 'ginning, 
Of Spurs of Gold, and chiefly Riding. 

And alt ho the Latin Word 
Miles, and the English Word 
Knight, had not their deriva. 
Hon from a Horse, as those 
had that arc before enumera. 
ted; yet they are now re. 
strained to a Title of Honor 
( notwith Stan ding heretofo re 
they had other significations) 
and are ordinarily used to ex. 

press a dubbed Knight. And 
such kind of dubbed Knights 
icere those four wretched 
Knights, that slew Saint Tho. 
mas a Becket, mentioned thus 
in his Life, written about the 
time of King Edward the 1st. 
in a MS. s that is refer'd to 
by Mr, Ashmole ^ ; 

' Pcmsle in Rosin, p. 94. 
the Horse, Sheep, and Goat. 
Carter, p. )jll. 

'Ashmole, loc. cit. 3 Loc. cit. « Jo. Lydgate MS. of 
Penes Sjlatn Tavlor gen, fo. 25S. * In his Order of the 




His Knyghts tho hi ' T * husde this, hi stode some stille, 
Hi bethoghte stillelich, to pay the Kyng at wille, 
Vour that mest 3 strewen wer, bithoghte of one gile, 
Sir Renaiid le fiz Ours, and Sir Hewe de Morvile, 
And Sir William Traci, and Sir Richard le Brut. 

Mr. Ashmole notes 4, that 
these four Knights in the 
same MS. are termUl lather 
Knights, a very proper Ap- 
pellation for those, that, by 
their vileness and zsickedness, 
forfeit their Fertile and the 
Honour of Knighthood, as 
■certainly all do that are con. 
cerned in treacherous and 
disloyal Acts. And therefore, 
even in the primitive bloudy 
Persecutions, such Kiiights 
(Equites) as appeared most zea. 
lous against the Christians, 
lost also their Honour, how. 
ever instigated and counte. 
nanced by the Emperours, as 
acting against common hu. 
manity, the light of the Go. 
spel that they had heard, and 
abetting the Designs of the 
grand Rebell the Devil him. 
.self. There were many wic. 
Iced men of this nature in Bri. 
tain, in the time of Diode, 
tian, and we have Accounts 
of their Cruelties represented 

not only in old Writings, 
particularly Martyrologies 

(one MS. €>/ which I pur~ 
chas''d lately) but in Pictures 
and old Stones, some of 
which Stones are of Alaba. 
ster, and are very curious 
in their kind. I saw an Ala- 
baster one {but broke) in a 
Friend^s hands lately, in which 
t's represented the torture of 
some very holy Person (a Bi. 
shop, I suppose) uith a Mitre 
on, in a very barbarous cruel 
manner. 1 cannot he posi. 
tive ivhen it was done, tho' I 
think it was about the time 
of Richard I. The Ruffians 
have the Visages of Saracens. 
The Shoes are of the Age I 
have mentioned. Archbishops, 
Bishops and Abbots had rare, 
ly Mitres, 'till a thousand 
Years after Christ, tho' IVo- 
men had them commonly be 
fore that Period, but of a 
different make from those 
used afterwards by men. I 

• Sic Ashmolius. F. im, i. e. him. " Ita Ashm, F. hurde, i. e. heard; s Sic Ashm. 
F. screwen. Nam uour that mest strewen wer, i.ihil aliud est quam, foui" that were the 
jreatest shrews: ♦ Loc, cit. 

X 3 take 




take this Alabaster Antiquity 
to have belonged formerly to 
some Chappel or Oratory. 
Greater care ought to be ta- 
ken of these Monuments ; 
but 'tis no wonder, that ha- 
vock should be made of them, 
when the Chappels and Ora- 
tories themselves have not 
been spared. 

cheve vel cheue, agree, combine, 
shew, the chief, the head, thrive, 
cleave, adhere, obtain, go, ad- 
dress. To chese the suld cheue, 
p. 2.08. they might have power 
to choose, or to choose they 
should shew. 

cheued, sheived, obtained, fared,, 
prevailed with, adhered. The 
Ejorc? cheued /or shewed occur rs 
also in z). 31. of the Life of St. 
Wenefride, written in old Eng. 
lish Rhythms, and printed (from 
my Copy, as I have noted in §. 
XVII.ofmyPreface to this Work) 
at the End of the late learned 
Bishop Fleetzeood^a Book about 
St. Wenefride ; the Author of 
j which Rhythmical Life, as well 
/ as of the other Lives of the 
Saints, in old English verse, 
perhaps, was Robert of Brun. 
ne, to whom we owe the obso- 
lete English Chronicle, that is 
here published. 

cheuen, submit, agree. 

chevisance, covenant, agreement, 
compact, articles, composition. 

cheuysance, gain, mercluindize. 

childir, children. 

childre, children. 

chip, a chip, a beam. 

chyne, chain. 

chynes, chains. 

cite, kastelle & toun, cities^ castles 

and towns. 
citez, city. 
clef, cleft. 

clergioun, clergyman, 
clerkcy clerk, clerks. 
cleue, cleave, adhere. 
cleyme alle quit, quit all daim. 
clos, close, in clos, inclosed. 
clostre, cloyster. 
Goffris, coffers, 
cofines, chests. 
com, come, coming, came, convene. 

him com, it came to him, it hap~ 

pened to him. 
com and, coming. 
comen, come, comes, came, com. 

ing, brought, commons^ com» 

mon people, common. 
Gomin, coming, came. 
common, came. 
commyny came. 
Gomon, commons, conwion sort of 

people, commonalty. 
comond, communed. 
compassement, compassing, af~ 

tempt,incircling, turning round. 
compast, compass'df contrivedr 

conant, covenant, agreement, con. 

vention, bargain. 
conante, covenant. 
conantz, covenants. 
conaunt, covenant. 
Gonaiinte, covenant^ bargain. 
condie, conduct. 
condite, conduct. 
Gondute,^ conduct. 



cone, could, can. 
confonded, confounded. 
conged, dismissed, conveyed. 
conn, understand, j^at \e Lat>'n no 
Frankys conn, that understand 
neither Latin nor French. 
conne, acknowledge, render, ex. 
press, signify. & )>anke wilde he 
)»am conne, and he zcoiild give 
them thanks, j^ank I auh ^ow 
conne, / ought to give thanks 
to you. Ab A. Sax. cennan sive 
connon, scire, no^cere, cogno- 
conquerand, conquering. 
conrey, run together. 
consail, counsel. 
conseil, consult. 
conseild^ counselled, advised. 
conseile, cofisult, advise, counsel. 

conseile Jre, advise thy self. 
conseiled, counselled, advised, con- 
sulted, conseiled J7am, consult, 
ed themselves, advised together, 
conseilere, counsellor. 
conseilers, counsellors. 
conseiloure, advise, I Mille con- 
seiloure-j / null advise yuu, J 
v:ill be your counsellor. 
conseilyng, counselling. 
conseile, counsell. 
contek, contest, contention. 
conU;kours, contenders. 
contenance, countenance^ 
contene, continue. 
contreued, contrived. 
coatreuore, contrivance. 
coiitroued, contrived. 
controues, contrives. 
f:ontroueyng, contriving. 
conyng, cunning, skill. 
Cordelyn, Cordelier. 

corn, cut. on four quarters corn, 
teing cut into four quarters, 
so that ^tis the same with 

coronment, coronation, 

corouned, crozoned. 

corounment, coronation. 

corsaynt, p. 44. (le cors seiat in the 
French) holy body, i. e. the holy 
body of St. Edmund. See 
Speed^s Chron. p. 364. Lond. 

corseytit, holy of heart, a holy 
body, corseyat verray, a truly 

holy man. 


coruen, cut, scurvy. 

corun, crown. 

coruned, crowned. 

costage, costs, charges. 

costeu, cast. 

couant, covenant. 

couenaz, covenant, covenants^ 

couent, convent. 

couere, cover, close up. 

couetise, covetousness, 

counseil, cotisult. 

countas, countess. 

countes, counties^ 

countred, encountered. 

couth, could, could do, skillfully 
known, understood, nonne couth 
ne wild, no7ie neither could nor 
would. & name couth of myght, 
and of knoicn nam^for his might 
or power. 

couthe, could. );at noght ne cou- 

the, that could not at all. 
Couwe, A sort of verse^ so 
called from ifs being sharp 
end cutting, couwe signify, 
ing a tail or something sharp .• 
X 3 /a 



for which reason I take the 
word Coway, in the famous 
Coway Stakes in Surretf, where 
Julian Cwsar passed the 
ThameSy to signify Stakes, so 
that Stakes there is only a 
Tautology^ tho^ Dr. Skinner 
is of another opinion, telling 
us, that Coway is the same 
as a way for the Cows, " Coway 
*' Stakes", (says he 'J in 
'' Com. Suit, locus sic dictus 
" a Palis, quos in adverse lit. 
*' tore Britanni contra Caesa- 
'* rem fixerunt, ubi Caesar Ta- 
" misiii viulo transivit : Co- 
" way autem nimis manife- 
^' ste ortiim ducit a Cow & 
" Way, q. d. Iter Vaccarum 
" seu Via, per quam vaccce 
" transire solent. 

couyn, covin, deceit, collusion. 
The Lawyers describe it to be, 
a deceitfull assent or agreement, 
between two or more, to the pre- 
judice or hurt of another. 

coy, coy, shy, quiet, still, peace- 

credance, credence. 

credille, cradle. 

crie, cry, proclaim, proclamation. 

Cristen, Christians, Christian. 

Cristendom, Christianity. 

Croice, cross. J^e croice and Je 
rode, the cross and the road. 
Tho^ these two are commonly 
taken for the same, and Sovmer, 

therefore, in his Saxon Bicti* 
onary translates pobe by the 
Word cross, yet the rood pro- 
per/^ signify^l formerly the 
image of Christ on the Cross, so 
as lo represent both the Cross 
and the Figure of our blessed 
Saviour as he suffered upon it. 
The Roods that were in Churches 
and Chappels were placed in 
Shrines, that were stiled Rood- 
lofts. " ^oof!i\oh"{saithBlount^) 
" a Shrine whereon was placed 
" the Cross of Christ. The 
^' Rood was an image of Christ 
" oji the Cross, rnade generally 
'•'• of wood, and erected in a loft 
''for that purpose, just over 
" the passage out of the Church 
" into the Chancel.^'' But 
Roodloft sometimes also signi- 
fies a Shrine, on which was 
placed the Image or Relicks of 
a Saint, because generally a 
Crucifix or a Cross used like- 
wise to attend such Images or 
Relicks. I am, therefore, in- 
clined to think, that even the 
fine Image of the Assumption 
of the Virgin Mary, found oii 
Friday i Febr. 7. 1723. just 
within the Church of Sandford, 
near Oxford, stood in a Rood- 
loft there, and that it was 
removed and hid, being 
made part of the Floor of 
the Church, (for the Face 

« Etymolog. nominum propriorum, in vore. 
Words. 3 Coll. nostr. MSS. Vol. 102. p. 68. 

In his Dictionary interpreting hard, 



pari was found li/itig down- 
wards, and the back part up- 
zoards) in the time of King Ed- 
Hoard VI. when the following 
Act of Parliament^ was made 
in the 3d. and fourth year of 
his Reign upon this account : 

An Act for the abolishing 
and putting awaie of di. 
uerse bookes and images. 

Where the kings most ex- 
cellent piaie^tie hath of Jat,e set 
foorth aivi established by au- 
tiiorilie of parlepient, an vni- 
/orrae, quiet, and godlie or- 
der of common and open 
praier, in a booke intituled 
The beoke of common praier^ 
{Und administration of the sa- 
craments, and other rites and 
ceremonies, after the church 
of England^ to be vsed and 
obserued in the said church 
of England, agreeable to the 
order of the primitive church, 
much more comfortable vnto 
his louing sub'iects, than other 
diuersitie of seruice as heere- 
tofore of long time hath 
|}eene vsed, being in the said 
booke ordeined nothing to 
be read, but the verie pure 

word of God, or which is 
euidentlie grounded vpon the 
same, and in the other things 
corrupt, vntrue, vaine, and 
superstitious, and as it were 
a preparation to superstition, 
which for that they be not 
called in, but permitted to 
remaine vndefaced, doo not 
onelie glue occasion to such 
peruerse persons, as doo im- 
pugne the order and godlie 
meaning of the kings said 
booke of common praier, to 
continue in their old accus- 
tomed superstitious seruice, 
but also minister great occa- 
sion to diuersitie of opinions, 
rites, ceremonies and seruices. 
Be it therefore enacted by the 
king our souereigue lord, the 
lords spirituall and tempprall, 
and the corpmons in this pre- 
sent parlement assembled, that 
all bookes called antiphoners, 
missals, grails, processionals, 
manuels, legendies, pies, por- 
tuasses, primers in Latine or 
English, couchers, iournals, 
ordinals, or other bookes or 
writings whatsoeuer, heereto- 
fore vsed for seruice of the 
church, written or printed in 
the English or Latine toong, o- 
ther than such as are or 

' The Statutes at large, pr. at Lqndon, in a Pot folio, for Christopher Barker, 15S7. 
Vol. second, p; 112. 

. X 4 shall 



shall be set foorth by the 
kings maiestie, shall be by 
authoritie of this present 
act cleerelie and vtterlie a- 
bolished, exfinguishedj and for- 
bidden for euer to be vsed, 
or kept in this realrae, or else. 
where within anie the kings do- 

And be it further enacted 
by the authoritie aforesaid, 
that if anie person or per- 
sons, of what estate, de- 
gree, or condition so euer 
he, she, or they be, bodies 
politike or corporat, that 
now haue, or heerafter shall 
haue in his, hir, or their 
custodie, anie the bookes 
or writings of the sorts 
aforesaid, or anie images 
of stone, timber, alabaster, 
or earth, grauen, earned, 
or painted, which heereto- 
fore haue beene taken out 
of anie church or chapell, 
or yet stand in anie church 
or chapell, and doo not, be- 
fore the last day of June 
next insuing, deface and 
destroie, or cause to be de- 
faced and destroied the 
same images and euerie of 
them, and deliuer or cause 
to be deliuered, all and 
euerie the same bookes to 
the maior, bailiffe, consta- 
ble, or church-wardens of 
the towne, where such 
bookes then shall be, to be 
by them deliuered euer o- 

penlie within three month* 
next folowing after the said 
deliuerie to the archbishop, 
bishop, chancellor, or cora- 
missarie of the same djo- 
cesse, to the intent the said 
archbishop, bishop, chancel- 
lor, or commissarie, and 
euerie of them, cause them 
immediatlie either to be o- 
penlie burnt, or other waies 
defaced and destroied, shall 
for euerie such booke or 
bookes willinglie reteined 
in his, hir, or their hands 
or custodie, within this 
realm^, or elsewhere with- 
in anie the kings domi- 
nions, and not deliuered, 
as is aforesaid, after the 
said last daie of June, and 
be thereof lawfuUie con- 
uict, forfeit and loose to the 
king our souereigne lord, 
for the first offense ten shil- 
lings, and for the second of- 
fense shall forfeit and loose 
being thereof lawfullie 

conuict, foure pounds, and 
for the third ofl'ense, shall 
suffer imprisonment at the 
kings will. 

And be it further enacted 
by the authoritie aforesaid, 
that if anie maiors, bai- 
liffes, constables, or church- 
wardens, doo not within 
three moneths after the re- 
ceipt of the same bookes, 
deliuer or cause to be deli- 
uered, such bookes so by 



them receiued, to the arch- 
bishop, bishop, chancellor 
or commissaiies of their 
diocesse: and if the said 
archbishops, bishops, chan- 
cellor, or commissaries, doo 
not within for'ie daies af- 
ter the receipt of such 
bookes, burne, deface, and 
destroie, or cause to be burn- 
ed, defaced or destroied 
the same bookes, and eue- 
rie of them, that then they 
and euerie of them so of- 
fending, shall loose and 
forfeit to our souereigne 
lord the king, being there- 
of lawfuUie conuict, fortie 
pounds : the one halfe of 
all such forfeitures shall be 
to anie of the kings sub- 
jects, that will sue for the 
same, in anie of the kings 
courts of record, by bill, 
plaint, action of debt, or 
information, in which a- 
ction no essoine, protection, 
wager of law, or other de- 
laie shall be allowed. 

And for better execution 
of the same act, be it en- 
acted by the authoritie a- 
foresaid, that as well iu- 
stices of assise in their cir- 
cuits, as iustices of peace, 
within the limits of their 
commission in the generall 
sessions, shall haue full po- 
wer and authoritie, to in- 
quire of the ofl'enses afore, 
said, and to heare and de- 

termine the same in such forme 
as they may doo in other such 
like cases. 

Prouided alwaies, that 
this act or anie thing there- 
in conteioed, shall not ex- 
tend to anie image or pi- 
cture, set or grauen vpon 
anie roome in anie church, 
chapell, or churchyard, one- 
lie for a monument of anie 
king, prince, nobleman, 

or other dead person, which 
hath not beene commonlie 
reputed and taken for a 
saint, but that all such pi- 
ctures and images may 
stand and continue in like 
maner and forme, as if 
this act had neuer beene 
had nor made, anie thing 
in this act to the contrarie 
in anie wise notwithstand- 

Prouided alwaies, and 
be it enacted by authoritie 
aforesaid, that anie person 
or persons, may Tse, keepe, 
haue and reteine anie pri- 
mers in the English or La- 
tine toong, set foorth by the 
late king of famous memo- 
rie king Henrie the eight, 
so that the sentences of 
inuocation or praier to 
saints, in the same primers, 
be blotted or cleerelie put 
out of the same, anie thing 
in this act to the contrarie 

Hiis Kus one of ihe extra- 



vagant Acts (as some call them) 
made in those times. ^Tis in- 
credible to think, what a vast 
number of curious Books and 
Monuments perished by vir~ 
tue of if. The Reader will 
take the more notice of it, 
because I have transcrib''d it 
from an Edition of our Acts, 
in ivhich are many Particu- 
lars that have been left out in 
later Editions. The Sandford 
Image {made of Barrington 
Stone by Burford, and paint- 
ed) is certainly comprehend, 
ed in this Act. I look upon 
it to be as old as the Reign 
of K. Edw. Hid. and as the 
Artists ushl to have some fine 
Lady of their owti time in 
view, when they wrought I- 
mages of the Virgin Mary, so 
I am of opinion, that the 
Face (which is a little da- 
maged, as the Arms are also 
broke off) of this Image was 
intended by the Artist for 
that of Q. Philippa, a thing 
■which I noted also {soon af- 
ter it was discovered) in one 

of my Volumes » of MSS. 
Collections, where the fol- 
loiving Particulars occur : 

" K. Edward III. married 
" (in the Jirst year of hs 
" Reign, * A. D. 1327. set. 
" 15.) Philippa, Daughter of 
" William (E. of Hainault 
" and Holland) and Jane de 
" Valois, both at that time 
" living. She was a most beau^ 
'' tifull, charming, lovely, crea- 
^ ' ture, (the Mirrour, as it were, 
" of her Sex) and was then 
" scarce 14 years of age. The 
" Persons sent about this Af~ 
" fair beyond Sea were ^ Dr. 
" Roger Northborough, Bi. 
*' shop of Coventry and Litch. 
" field, with tzoo Knights Ban- 
" ne.rets, and two Men learn- 
" ed in the Lazes. These Am^ 
*' bassadours zcere attended 
^' with an Honourable Equi- 
" page, and coming to Va. 
" lenciennes, the chief City 
" of Heinalt, the Earl Wil- 
'^ Ham and his Lady received 
" them very gladly, and en- 
" tertain'd them, during their 

' Vol. 102. p. 111. ' A. D; 1327. 24. January (Anno Reg. I.) kinge Edward the 
third tooke to wyfe ladie Philip, daughter of William carle of Heinault, and neece to 
John lord Beamnontc, MS. containing the Annals of England ( beginning anno 1066. 
and ending in the year 1531 . or the 20. of H. VIII. when, perhaps, the Author or Col- 
lector livd, tho' the Hand does not seem to be quite so old as that of H. VIII.) inth 
hands of Thomas Ward, of Longbridge, Esq;. ^ Barnes's Hist, of Edw,3. p. 26, 27. 

" Stay, 



'5 stay, with great Splendour 
*^ and Magnificence. 'Tis re. 
*' ported, that one day, when 
** I the Earl brought forth all 
*' his Jive Daughters to their 
" View, while the ethers, be- 
*' ing amazed with the Beau. 
" ties and delicate Shape of 
*' them all, stood in deep Sus- 
*' pence, not knowing which 
" to prefer ; the piercing Eye 
" of the Bishop, observing 
" liith good heed the Lady 
'' Philfppa to be the best built 
" about the Hips, and of a 
" good sanguine Complexion 
" agreeing icith the King's, 
" he secretly advised his 001' 
" leagues, that she was the 
" Lady, among them all, that 
*' was ?nost likely, zciih her 
" sweet Disposition, to please 
" the King, their Blaster, and 
" also to bring forth a nu- 
" merous and hopefull Proge- 
*' ny. This, coming thus from 
" a Bishop, zzhose Order was 
" not then allowed to marry, 
" gave occasion of much Di- 
*' version and Mirth to the 

*' Company. But, however, 
" the Judgment prevail\l, and 
" Madam Philippa (who was 
" the very youngest * of the 
" Ladies) was pitched upon 
" to be their Queen. 

" She was received in Eng. 
" land uith all possible Joy 
" and Respect, and the Mar. 
" riage was solemnized with 
" unspeakable Gaiety and 
" Mirth, and all manner of 
'■' Feasting, agreeable to the 
" Age and Dispositions of the 
" K. and Q. and their several 
" Attendants. And being ad. 
" orn'd with so much Beauty, 
" 'twas ctrmmon to represent 
" the Virgin Mary in her 
" Shape; and one of these 
" figures I take that to be 
'■'■found lately in Sandford 
" Church, done, as I take it, 
"= about the year 1339. when 
" the Queen was about 26 
" Years of Age. 

'^ The Assumption of the 
" Virgin Mary happened A°. 
" D. i 50. in the 4 62rf. Year 
" of her Age, she being 14 

■ John Harding, c. 178. /o/. 177, Stanza2, 3, 4, &c, c. \83. fol. 184. 'Sic in illius 
Epitaphio. 3 Sprotti Chron. p. 34. * But others say, the 63d year. Whence tec have 
these Verses in a little Quarto Paper MS. ( written about the time of K. Hen. VI. ) in the 
Hands of my before mentioned ingenious Friend, Thomas fVard, of Longbridge, near 
fVarKick, Esq;, 

Virgo parens vixit sexaginta trihus annis. 
Quatuor atque decern fuit in partu benedicta, 
Vixit cum filio ter d<>cem cum tribus annis, 
Scxque decern vixi,t, sed post haecaiitrasubi 

'^ years 



** ifcars old when she brought 
*' forth our Saviour, uith 
*' whom she lived » 33 i/ears, 
*' and after his Crucifixion 
*' 15. She is always repre- 
*' sented young ivhen the As- 
** sumption is figured, not' 
" withstanding so old, and 
*' the Artists generally had 
*' the most beautifull Women 
•' of the greatest Quality in 
*' their View, when they made 
*' Statues and Figures of her. 

But now, if any one should 
think, as I once did *, that 
this Image did not originally 
belong to Sandford Church, 
it may be he will not judge it 
absurd to believe, that it be- 
longed either to the Chappcl 
by the great Ivy House at 
Sandford, or else to the Min- 
diery at Littlemore, and that 
in Hen. F///'*'^' time, when 
suck a Destruction of Reli- 
gious Houses was made, it 
was removed to Sandford 
Church, as to the more safe 
Place, since Parochial Chur- 
ches were not ordered to be 
destroyed or pulled down. 

I have often been willing 
to think, that K. Edw. VI. 
had he lived to a mature age, 
would have repented of the 
Act above published, and of 
many other Things, that he 
was drawn to consent to by 
bad Counsellors, such as his 
own Godfather Cranmer, tiho 
(as well as Cardinal Wolsey) 
had likewise suggested many 
unworthy Things to this 
young King^s Father Hen. 
VHI. a Prince of himself, 
without such Prompters, na~ 
turally ready to commit Bar- 
barities, and to involve him- 
self in Sacrilege, of which 
there are deplorable Instan- 
ces, one of which many 
have looked upon to be the 
beheading of Bishop Fisher, 
a thing of it self that, as 
these men observe, was e- 
nough to draw down severe 
Judgments. One of these Ob. 
servers zcas Richard Hall, D. 
D. sometime 3 pj Christ's 
coll. in Cambridge (the same 4, 
of which Bishop Fisher was a 
member) afterwards Canon^ 

' T/iis is the common and truest account of our Lord's age. And Hh xxxiii. in the 
Sermon de Transfigiiracione Domini in Winkcn de Worde's Edition of liber Festivalis, 
that Kas given me by my accomplished Friend Mr. West of Balliol-College; but then in 
an imperfect Copy of another (which seems to be a later) Edition of the said liber Festi- 
Talis, given me by my learned Friend Mr. Graves of Mickleton, 'tis only xxxii. ' Coll. 
nostr. MSS. Vol. 102. p. 69. s Mhenw Oxon. Vol. I. col. 487. * Ibid. 




and Official of the Cathedral 
Church at St. Omer^s, zeho dying 
in the year 1604. left behind 
him in MS. the Life of this 
most venerable Prelate^ which 
zcas printed at London in Svo. 
in the year 1655. by Dr. Thomas 
Bayly, but with very many and 
unwarrantable Alterations, as 
may appear in part from the 
Conclusion of this Lfe ; which 
Conclusion I shall here take the 
opportunity of publishing from 
a MS. Copy, that I have ^, of the 
Life, that it may be the more 
easily compared with the said 
Dr. Bayly'' s Edition. But then 
it must not from hence be in- 
ferred, that I am of the same 
perswasion with Dr. Hall, the 
original Author of this Life. 
Dr. Bayly would have main- 
tain'd a better Character, had 
he published it faithfully ; and, 
therefore, tho^ Dr. Hall and 
my self happen to be of dif. 
ferent perswasions (for I pro. 
fess my self to be a sincere, tho'' 
very unworthy, Member of the 
Church of England) yet in pub- 
lishing MSS. I look upon it as a 

forfeiture of one''s honesty and 
honour, to make them speak 
otherwise thati the Authors of 
them both wrote and thought. I 
am apprehensive, what will be 
objected against Dr. Hall, upon 
account of this Specimen only, 
and much more upon accomit of 
the whole, were I to publish it. 
Let the whole blame of the com. 
posure fall upon the Dr. who is 
now above all calumny; and 
as for my self, if there be any 
hurt faithfully to transcribe 
and publish, upon occa^ion^ 
a Citation from an historical 
Author, I am ready to zinder- 
go the Censures, that suck 
Readers shall be pleased to 
pass upon me. 

Finallie {saith this writer) 
whosoever shall read of Cocleius., 
Wicellius, Eckius, and others 
learned writers of Germane, of 
the worthy Bishope and eloquent 
Writer, Osorius, of Alphonsus 
de Castro, and others of Spaine 
and Portugall, besides a number 
of such learned fathers of manie 
nations, whereof some lived in his 

• Being^iven me on Jan. 'ith. 1717. by (my Friend and Acquaintance) the ingenious 
Mr. Thomas Kymher of Holywell, (in the Suburbs of Ojford, ) who died (in the sixty 
second year of his Age) on Wednesday Morning Dec. 30. 1724. and tvas buried on 
Friday Evening {being J^n. I .). immediately foUomng in IJolyvsell Church-Yard. 




owne dayes, and some since, shall 
easilie perceive that he [Fisher^ 
was a man, for his profound learn- 
ing and rare vertue, highlie reve- 
renced and esteemed throughout 
Christendome. And no doubt, 
but if his writings and doings be 
well compared, ye shall find him 
most like those holy Fathers and 
Doctors, that, in the ' primative 
Church, laid the verie foundacion 
and firstground of our beliefe, up- 
on the which we have since rested 
and stayed our* selfes, whome to 
describe whoUie and fuUie unto 
you, according to his worthinesse, 
I will not take upon me (o do it, 
neither am I able. No, were I 
as eloquent as Cicero, or as wit- 
tie and subtill as Aristotle, as co- 
pious as Demosthenes, or as pro- 
found in philosophieasP/a?o,such, 
and so innumerable, were his i 
singulervertues. But herin I will 
content my selfe with the generall 
commendacion, which all the fa- 
mous universities of 4 devinitie in 
Europe do give this learned Fa- 
ther, by calling him blessed Mar- 
tir, and alleaging his workes for 
great authoritie. Thus much I 
may also say, that unto Justus 
his predecessor, the first Bishope 
oi Rochester, he was a just and 
true suGcessour. The place of 
his birth he doth greatlie beau- 
tifie with the glorious Bishoppe 
St. John of Beverley. To the 
Countrey of Kent, where he 
was bishope, he is an ornament 

with St. Thomas g{ Ctinterhu^ 
rie ; in gravetie of his writing he 
is to be reverenced with Sti Bede; 
for stout defending the right and 
libertie of the holie Church, 
against the power of princes, he 
is not inferiour to the blessed 
bishope St. Ambrose, and St. 
Crysostome ; in praying for his 
enemies and persecutors, he re- 
sembleth holie St. Stephen; in 
constancie and stoutnesse of his 
martirdom, he was a second Ci. 
prian. But, above all other, he 
is most to be likened and com- 
pared to the holie Prophett and 
Martir of God St. John Bap. 
tist ; and first, to sett aside all 
congruence in their names of 
John, it is to be noted, that as 
John lived in ^ wildernes a hard 
and solitarie life, in penance and 
punishment of himselfe, so this 
John lived a solitarie and austere 
life, in his private house and 
cell, saving when he was called 
abroade to other businesse, pu- 
nishing himselfe with studie,hard 
lodging upon the mattes, fasting, 
praying, wearing of heareshirtes, 
and whipping himself. Likewise, 
as that John preached diligent- 
lie the coming of Christ at hand, 
giving knowledge of salvation 
to all them that would be. 
leeve and be baptised, so this 
John, with like diligence and 
care, warned the people by his 
continuall preaching and writ- 
ing of Christens departure at 

Sic. 3 Sic. * Sic. i jF. the wildernes. 




hand, in case , they stopped nOt 
their eares against those horrible 
heresies, dailie preached and sett 
forthe un'o them ; And, as that 
John, died for a case of matri- 
mony, contrarie in appearance, 
but agreable in substance and 
truth, saying unto kinge Hett- 
ri/Cy it is not lazsfull for ' the 
*' to put away thy wife, and 
*'• take an other, though she 
" were once thy brother'' s xoife, 
^^ for thy brother is dead with- 
*' out issue, and * then now 
*' lawfuliie maried unto her by 
*' dispensation and anthoritye 
*' of the Church.'''' For Ilerode, 
whom St. John Baptist repre- 
hended, took to him his bro- 
ther's wife, his brother living, 
which ? is manifestlie repugnant 
to God's Lawe, could not be 
done : Eut king Jlenrie tooke 
his brother's wife, when his bro- 
ther was dead without issue of 
her, which by Moyses Lawe is 
not in that case forbidden, and by 
the authoritye of the Church may 
be permitted as this M'as, and ther- 
fore was the mariage good and 
lawful! , and consequentlie the se- 
cond detestable and unlawfull. 
Furthermore, as that JoAw's head 
was begged of king Herode at a 
banquett by a Psaltresse or wo- 
man dancer, so this John's head 
was by a like person of king 
Henrie, as he sat banqueting and 
chearing at his house at Ham.. 
zcorth. As this John was be- 

headed on the birth day of kinge 
Herode, so this Johti was be- 
headed on the birth day of king 
Henrie, the king having accom- 
plished that day the just age of 
fortie five yeares. And as the 
holie fingar of that John with 
pointing to the Lambe, when he 
said, Ecce agnus dei, was mi- 
raculouslie preserved from Cor- 
ruption long after his death and 
martirdome, so the holie head of 
this John, wherwith he stoutlie 
defended the head of our holie 
mother the Church, was by mira- 
cle preserved long after his mar- 
tirdume with a fresh and livelie 
colour, till, by commaundemcnt 
of the king, it was taken away, 
and conveied out of sight. Fi- 
nallie, as in the person of that 
John "* their died thre severall 
functions or offices at once, that 
is to saye, of a Preist, a Prophett, 
and a Patriarke, so in the person 
of this John there died three 
like worthie vocations, that is 
to say, a Priest, a Bishope and 
a Cardinall. And thus we 
see, hoW' the death of our 
holie John may be compared 
to St. John Baptiste^s death, 
and yet in verie deed for some 
respectes it surpasscth the death 
of St. John. And the wick- 
ed doings of kinge Henrie 
surpasseth likewise the wick- 
ed doings of king Herode. 
For St. John Baptist reprehend- 

F. thou. 3 F. a5. 4 Sic. 




his acte in taking onelie his bro- 
ther's wife ; but king Ilenric, 
whome this our holie John re- 
prehended, put away his lawfull 
and vertuous wife, and took to 
him, as is rehearsed, his own un- 
lawful! daughter, made suer alU 
readie to another, and in hones- 
tie no better then an harlott. 
Ilerode was sorie for his rash 
promise to the woman dauncer 
when he heard her ask St. John'% 
head, but king Henrie was no- 
thing at all sorie for the promise 
he made of this our holy John^s 
head, but wilfallie and maliti. 
ouslie sought all unlawful! meanes 
to cut it from t!ie bodie, neither 
respecting his age, his vertue, his 
learninge, sanctytie of life, dig- 
nitie, nor other quality in his 
worthie personage. The fact of 
king Herod, for which St. John 
died, did most concerne tlie in- 
jurle, which Herode did to his 
brother, whose wife he took. But 
the fact of king Henrie^ where- 
fore our blessed John died, ' not 
onelie touch the injurie committed 
against the vertuous ladie his 
lawfull wife, but it contained the 
expresse contempt of our holie 
father the Pope, and of the au- 
thor! tie of the Catholike Church, 
besides the occasion of sinne and 
scandal!, which it gave to the 
partie, that did pretend title to 
her, whomethe king would nedes 
marry. But what should I speake 

of Herode, whose crueltie was 
nothing to be compared to this 
king? For in malice, which he 
showed to a great number of ho- 
lie and learned men, principallie 
to this our holie father, he had 
never yet his like bearing the 
name of Christ, and professing his 
faith. In unthankfulnesse he was 
much worse then Alexander. For 
he did not onelie nothing consi- 
der the great affiance, which his 
noble father king Henrie the 
Vjjth. had in this holie man, mak- 
ing him, at his death, one of his 
exe(;utors(as we have before men- 
tioned) nothing waying the singu- 
lar affection and creditt, that his 
Grandmother, that wortliy Ladie, 
Margarett Countesse of Rich, 
mond and Darbie, had in him 
above all the Prelates and Bishops 
of this Land ; but setting at naught 
the great Vertue, Learning and 
Holinesse, which he knew to be 
in this so rare a Bishope, and ut- 
terlie forgetting the honor and 
fame, which by him both he, and 
all his realme had gotten, like a 
most unthankfull Prince, and 
most contemptuous of his sove- 
raigne and holie father the head 
of Christ in earth, sought outmost 
wickedlie all the meanes he could, 
to intrappe this holie Bishopp 
and vertuous Cardinal! ; and con- 
trarie both to the law of God, 
and decrees of our holie mo- 
ther the Church,being ameere lay 




l^rince, and so haTing no Autho- 
titie nor Jurisdiction, -wherby he 
might lawfullie thus proceed a- 
gainst an anointed Bishope and 
Cardinalof the Church of RomCj 
but that by intending the least of 
the waies, that he used against 
him, must, of necessitie, incurre 
the sore and grevous Excommuni- 
cation, accompanied with manie 
Other dangers and inconveniences 
then can well be rehearsed : He, 
I say, contemning all these, did 
most wickedlye take upon him 
and usurpe the authoritie, which, 
before his daies, never Christian 
and Catholik Prince did, (and 
which John Calvin, an heretike, 
did utterlie detest and condemne 
in him ;) and against all lawe and 
reason most cruellie put to death 
this man of God, over whome 
neither by Lawe, nor Custome, 
he could have anie Criminall Ju- 
risdiction, but ought, if he had 
made anie offence, to have refer, 
red the hearing and discussing of 
his crime to his Metropolitan, or 
tather to the cheefe Head of all 
Bishopps, to whome onelie the 
Judgement and hearing of a Bi- 
shope's crime in a spirituallcause, 
as this was, doth and allwaies 
hath of right appertained. And 
as the enormities of King Henrie 
in this case were so exorbitant, 
and surpassing all Lawe, Reason 
knd Conscience, so is the wonder- 
full working of Allmightie God, 

whose Judgements are secrett and 
strange in our sight, much to be 
marked and noted in him, and his 
adherentes. For as God of his 
owne nature is patient and long 
suffering, ' by cause he expecteth 
the amendment of our sinfull 
lives ; so is he allso just in his do- 
ings, and punisheth greivoslie 
when no amendment is indevour- 
ed, as now may well be perceived 
by those persons, that Avere per- 
secutors of this blessed man. For 
they escaped not the danger of his 
heavie hand, as shal bedeclared 
unto yoUi 

And first to begin with the La- 
die Anne BuUen^ as the chefe 
and principall cause, for ivhome 
all this wofull tragedie began, 
who was also the chefe persecutor 
of this holie man, marke how she 
tvas, in short space, cast downe 
from the topp of her high honor 
and uignitie, -wherin she was ex- 
alted, and for a most vile and ab- 
hominable incest, committed with 
her owne brother, besides sun- 
drie adulteries with other per- 
sons, was throwneinto cruell and 
straite prison, where she remain- 
ed not longe before she was con- 
demned to death by sundrie no- 
ble men of this realme, that late- 
lie before were pliable and readie 
to please her in allher commaun- 
dements, whereof some were neare 
of kindred to her, yea one of 
them her owne father, Accord- 

Voi. n. 





ing to which condemnaclon she 
was put to open and shameful! 
execution of death, leaving behind 
her nothing but an infamous name 
to remaine for ever, for whose 
losse the king himselfe tooke so 
little sorow, that the verie next 
day after she was dead, he was 
maried to an other wife. 

Next that the Lord Crumvoell 
is to be remembred, who with a 
great diligence solicited the matter 
to the king, and earnestlie pro- 
voked him in this and manie other 
ill purposes* He being advaunced 
to such honor and authoritye, as 
no man in this realme, at that 
time, bare the like about the king, 
grew at last into such hatred a- 
inongst the noble men and com- 
mons ' througout the realme, for 
his untollerable and tirannicall 
crueltie,exersiced over them, that, 
finallie, he was by sundrie pra- 
ctises brought also into the king's 
displeasure, and so cast into miser- 
able prison condemned to death by 
act of parliament for heresie and 
treason^ and after executed ac- 
cording to his judgment, no man 
pittying his case. 

Then Cometh to mind Mr. The. 
mas Cranmerj archbishope of 
Caunterburie^ who of his owne 
power, without just warrant, pro- 
nounced the sentence of divorce 
betwene the king and'the Queene, 
and after calling this holy man 
before him and others, cast him 

into prison, with as much extre-^ 
mitie as could be shewed, for re- 
fusing the two othes, the one of the 
king's new mariage, the other, of 
the supremacie, from whence he 
was never delivered, till death. rid 
him of all worldlie cares.ThusMr. 
Cranmer allthough he continued 
his place and dignity, during the 
unnaturaUand cruell times of king 
Henrie, and the infant his sonne 
king Edward; ypt, at last, in 
the raigne of that hiost blessed la- 
die Queene Marie, when the true 
light of Justice of Christens aun- 
cientandCatholike religion beg^n 
againe to shine, he was called to a 
reckoning for manie of his former 
ill doings,, and, lastlie, standing 
stiffe in divers horible and foule 
heresies, was worthelie burnt with 
fier, and consumed to ashes. 

Likewise Mr. Rich, the king's 
Soliciter, that gave false testimonie 
against him, and was forsworne 
at his « araigment, in so falselie 
betraying him, although for ma- 
nie yeares after he continued cor- 
ruptlie gathering, togiether of 
wealthe, till the daies of king 
Henrie were ended, y^thave I bin 
crediblye informed, that, if the 
king had lived but a. fewe dayes 
longer then he did,, he was 
growne into such displeasure 
against him for sundrie false, 
hoodes and deeeiptes, in frau- 
dulent purchasing and exchanging 
of land betwene the king and him, 
wherin the king was deceived of 

Sic. 'Sic* 


-^ st^.. 



ho small value, and likewise for 
diverse bribes extorted upon 
many of his subjectes, that he was 
fullie determined to have attainted 
him of felonie, extortion and per- 
jurie, and so in one houre to have 
spoiled him of all the great heape, 
which he so falselie had raked to- 
gether in mania yeares before. 
But being after, in the wicked 
time of the Infant's raigne, ad- 
vanced to high honor and place, 
far above his desert, yet lived he 
to be deposed againe of that place, 
'evin by the same persons that 
preferred him. But since, in the 
time of that noble and blessed 
Queeneil/ary of worthiememorie, 
he became penitent, as I have 
heard, for many of his offences, 
for the which God permitted him 
(as it may be thought) to die in 
better order then the rest before 
did. But true it is, that after his 
death his bodie escaped a narrow 
daunger of burning. For at such 
time as he was dead, and his bo- 
die laid in a coflSn ceared and 
balmed, and certaine candles set 
upon the hearse, as the maner 
was, one of the candles, either by 
the will of God, or els by negli- 
gence of some * of some" of the 
watchers that were absent, fell 
downe, and tooke hold, first of 
the clothes, and after of the cof- 
fin, that, in the end, before anie 
bodie was ware, the fier was 
fastned upon the seare-clothes, 
where his miserable carcasse lay, 
and had, without all doubt, con- 

sumed the same into^shes, had it 
not bin spedelie espied by certaine 
of the servantes by chaunce, who 
saved all for that time, though 
not with out great danger to the 
bodie and the rest of his howse 
also ; All which so narow escapes 
I can impute to nothing, but one- 
lie to the goodnesse of God,for that 
he conceived (as before is said) 
some repentance, though I ne- 
ver heard of anie penance by him 
donne at all. 

Last of all, it is worthie to be 
remembred, how justlie the king 
him selfe was plagued, first by 
the inordinate number of wives, 
being in all six, and not one law- 
full more then the first, as may- 
be thought. Of these six, two 
were repudiate, two beheaded for 
incontinence, one killed witting- 
lie in childbedd for saving of her 
child, and the sixt survived him, 
wherin her fortune was better 
then the rest of her fellowes. For 
(as I have heard reported by such 
as had no cause to lye) he was 
wearie of her longbefore he died, 
and therfore, if he had lived but 
one yeare longer, meant to have 
framed such matter against her, 
for heresie, as should have cost 
her her life, as it did some others 
of her predecessors before. And 
as for heire male of his bodie, 
which he so much desired, and 
made so much adoe for, as though 
the realme had bin utterlie 
undonne, if he had died without 



some purpose, permitted him at 
last to have a sonne, rather, as it 
may be thought, that no sillie 
woman should loose their lives for 
satisfying his licentious and vaine 
appetite, then for anie other just 
respect. But after his death, the 
raigne of that sonne was verie 
short, and his yeares verie few, so 
Is there no great matter praise wor> 
thie to be written of him, but of 
things done under the colour of his 
name and authoritie we have all 
great cause to lament, which tend- 
ed to nothing else, but the over- 
throw and extirpation of theCatho. 
like faith here within this realme, 
as we have felt and tasted, and 
should have tasted still more^ if 
God had not taken upon him some 
speciall favour (as may be thought) 
and mercifull pittie, which at last 
he beganne to have, of his poore 
afflicted contrey, reducing it to the 
true and auncient faith, by the 
cutting away of such an Impe, at 
whose handes we were not to- 
looke for more grace, then the fa- 
ther, by his pernitious examples, 
had grafted in so incestuous and 
damnable a stock. Then note his 
numercifuU and unspeakable cru- 
eltie, wherinhe wasentredby the 
horrible murder of this holy Pre- 
late, he conceived such a bold- 
nesse, and therwithall was strick- 
en with such ablindnesse, that in 
crueltie lie was to be accompted 
nothing inferiour to Nero. For 

Avheras Nero committed exccrt. 
ble » paracide, in causing his na- 
turall mother to be slaine, and 
not satiate therwith commaund- 
ing, that, in his presence, her 
bellie should be opened, to the 
intent, as he said, that unnatur- 
allie he might behould the place 
where he was conceived in her 
wombe ; this king Ilenrie, an 
other Nej'o, did not onelie per- 
petrate* paraeide and sacriledge^ 
but also that haj^nous treason of 
heresie, all at one clapp, whiles^ 
in ripping the bowels of his mo- 
ther the holy Church, and verie 
spouse of Christ upon earth, he 
labored to teare her in peces, and 
despising her authoritie, being- 
but one of her rotten members, 
monstrouslie took upon him to 
be her supreame head. For this 
onelie act, if he had donne nothing 
els, alwaies was, and is, by law 
accounted so enorme and exor- 
bitant a thing, that as he, whicb 
M ithdraweth, or detracteth, from 
anie particular church her right, 
doth manifest injurie andwronge;;^ 
so he, that goeth about to take 
awaye thepriveledge of the churcl* 
of Rome, given of Christ him- 
selfe, the supreame head of all 
Churches, falleth into heresie. 
And wheras the other trans- 
gressor is to be termed inju- 
rious and unnatural!, this kind of 
ofFendor is to be called both ai 
schismatikeandanheretike. For 
he doth violate faith and natufe, 





^^ m- 




in attempting against the Church, 
which is the mother of faith. But 
this our second Nero was not yet 
content with this abhominable act, 
but heaped a great manie moe up- 
on it, rasing to the ground holie 
,of religious houseSjprofaningthem, 
with all the holie reliques and pre, 
tious omamentes dedicate to the 
service of God^ not sparing the 
bloodshedd of all such holie men, 
and learned Clarkes, as preferred 
the pleasure of God, and com. 
maundement of their mother the 
jCatholik Church, before his un- 
lawfull l^wes and wicked will. 
And for noble personages of this 
Realme^ both men and women, he 
spared neither kindred nor other; 
yea manie times, for a word speak- 
ing, he would revenge by death, 
were it spoken upon never so rea- 
sonable a ground or cause, by rea- 
son wherof more of the nobilitie 
were consumed in his daies, then 
in anie 3. of his predecessours, 
since this Realme was first inhar 
bited ; so that in murder he passed 
the cruell Turk Selim. To this 
joyne his licentious and wanton ex. 
pences, wherby he consumed the 
treasure of his realme, and then 
falling into lacke, turned his gold 
and silver- into copper, and after 
spending the same unthriftelie, 
tooke of his subjectes so excessive- 
lie, that neverPrince in this realme 
lived with lesse love and favour 
of all good people, though among 
flatterers and Parasites (among 

whom this treasure was spent) ne- 
ver so highlie magnified and ex- 
tolled. Then consider, how just- 
lie he was plagued in his grosse bo- 
die, many yeares before his death, 
with sores and diseases, that grew 
upon him by meanes of drunken 
surfettSjidlenesse, sloth and vicious 
trade of life, sparing neither kin- 
dred nor other, if she liked hi* 
carnall appetite, wherby he be- 
came at last so impotent and loth- 
some,thatwhen the surgions should 
dresse him, it hath bin reported by 
some of his privie Chamber, that 
they have smelt the ill savour of 
his sores the space of two cham- 
bers, before they came at him. 
Lastlie, and most of all, weighe 
the danger of his miserable soule, 
dying in the perilous state of ex. 
communication, without anie re- 
conciliation or repentance known« 
or hard of in the world : yea it 
hath bin reported by such as 
were about him, at his end, that 
he diejd almost in d«speracion, 
cryin ^put upon the Phisitians, 
because they could not cure him, 
saying, " Have I thus rewarded 
^' you with Livings, and given 
" yon fees, and nowe none of 
-** you able tp heipe me, when I 
" have most need of your helpe ?" 
And with that calling for Sr, //n- 
ihony De?mej/, an egregious flat- 
terer about hinjj and commonlie 
never far from him, commaunded 
him to whippe them. And al- 
though he perceived at last, that by 
no meanes he could escape death, 
yety as farre as anie uan can re- 
T 2 port, 



port, in all the time of his sick- 
nesse he not once called to God 
for mercie and forgivenesse of his 
former wretched life. No trulie, 
but sometimes lying in a studie 
with him selfe, and sometimes 
sorrowing, as seemed by his coun- 
tenance, would sodenlie say, "Oh! 
*' I must die. Yea, Sir," would 
some one or other saye, "you 
** must nedes die once, and so 
** must I and eyerie one heare, 
" but I trust you shall not die 
*' now. Alas"! would he say 
""againe, "thinkest thou thait I 
*' shall be saved when I die ? for 
** I have bin a king and lived like 
'' a king". And no doubt but 
evin as his life was sinfull, so, af- 
ter his death, God shewed a 
strange example upon his wretch- 
ed carcasse. For in such time as 
it was in preparing, to be ceared 
and spiced, by the surgeons in the 
chamber at Westmiuster, where 
he died, to be after removed 
downe to the chappell, and so 
from thence to Windsore, where it 
■was buried, it chaunced the said 
carcasse, by mishap, and over 
boisterous lifting, to fall to the 
ground, out of which issued such 
a quan title of horrible aud stink- 
ing blood and matter, that it was 
no small troble to a number about 
it, to dense the place againe, and 
make it cleane against the next 
day for the remove. But be- 
fore all could be done, there 
came into the place, as I have 
bincredeblie informed, a great 

black dogg, no man could tell 
from whence, which dogg, whiles 
everie one was occupied, filled 
himselfe so full as his sides could 
hould with licking up filthy blood 
that was spilt, and in the end 
escaped without hurt from the 
guard and diverse others, that 
Stroke at him with their holberdes 
and other weapons, meaning ve- 
relie to have killed him, if they 

Others I coulde have named 
unto you that were doers in this 
matter, and that of » righ great 
calling, whome God worthelie af- 
ter punished, some by a foule and 
shamefuU end, some by leaving 
them without either issue or kin- 
dred, Avherby their lands and 
goodes, after their death, came 
to the handes of straungers, that 
fell in strife among * themselfes. 
Others were attainted, and ther- 
by not onelie their owne bodies 
executed to shamefuU death, bpt 
also their lands and goodes being 
forfeited, their children went a 
begging, some came to one mis- 
happe, and some to an other, 
which, if it were written, wold 
requier a long processe. 

These being manifest signes and 
tokens of God's indigna,tion and 
heavie displeasure agains.t this 
whole realme,for so cruell andhor. 
rible murdering of his holie Pro- 
phettes,it staudeth us in hand,and 
that spedelie, without delay, to 
prostrate our selfes before him,and 

Sic. ' Sic, 




'hh iftfinhe mercle and goodnesse, 
that we be not, according to our 
in this world, by the intoHerable 
yoake and barbarous tirannie of 
Infidells and Tm-kes, and after, 
an the world to come, by everlast- 
'ing paine and torment of Hell 
iier ; but that rather, by the me- 
ritts and intercession of this, and 
other holie Martirs, this noble 
Realme may once againe be re- 
stored to tha,t auncient, and true 
Christian faith, in which our fore- 
fathers lived these thousand yeares 
and more, and that we the dwellers 
tlierin, and our posterltie, may 
once againe peaceblie serve him, 
in the same faith, all the dales of 
our lives, and after, in the world 
to come, glorifie him in his hea- 
venly kingdome, where he raign- 
•eth for ever and ever. Amen. 
'This is the-Condusion of a Po. 
j)ish Book, to the Boctrines of 
vihick I bj) no means subscribe. 
Nor will I voucli for the mat- 
ters of Fact. I have been a 
faithfull Transcriber, and I 
ieave the whole to the Judgment 
of the Reader. I took occasion 
■to do it from the mention of the 
fatal destruction of Bookes and 
Images, by virtue of the order 
for which many excellent Pic- 
tures also perished of divers 
worthy persons of both Sexes. 
JEven these, however innocent in 
themselves, were looked upon as 

Images and Representations of 
Favourers and Abettors of Su. 
perstition. The Executioners 
of the Act exceeded their Coin- 
mission, and made it reach even 
to Things never intended by it. 
So that 'tis a wonder, that anif 
curious Pictures of Antiquity 
escaped their Fury, and that 
they had not committed to the 
Flames even such Pictures, as 
K. Henry the VHP'', himself 
admired, (particrdarly those of 
fine, but wanton Women) one of 
wfhich was an ancient and fine 
one of the beautifull Rosamond, 
that is now in the possession of 
my ingenious and worthy Friend 
Samuel Gale, Esq;, who lately 
purchased it accidentally, and 
'twas from him that I received 
the following account of it. 
'Tis painted on a Pannel of 
W-ainscot, und represents her 
in a three quarter proportion^ 
dress' d in the Habit of the 
Times, a streight Body'dGown 
of changeable red Velvet, with 
large square Sleeves of Black 
Jlowr'd Damask Faceings, turn'd 
up above the Bend of her ArmSy 
and close sleeves of a pearl 
coloured Sattin puff'd out, 
but buttoned at the Rist ap* 
pearing from under the Large 
ones. She has several Rings 
sett with pretious Stones on 
her Fingers. Her Breast co. 
ver'd with a fine Flower' d 
y 4 Lin. 




Linnen, galher^d close at the 
Neck like a Ruff. Her Face is 
charmingly Fair, zcith a fine 
Blush in her Cheeks. Her 
Hair of a Dark Brozon, parted 
with a Seam from the middle 
of her Forhead upwards un- 
der her Coifure, which is ve- 
ry plain, but a Gold Lace ap- 
jjears above if, and that co. 
ver^d izsith a small cap of Black 
Silk. She is looking very in- 
tensly upon the fatal Cup, 
which she holds in one hand, 
and the Cover in the other, 
as going to drink it. Before 
fier is a table covered with 
black Damask, on which there 
lies a Prayer Book open, writ 
in the ancient black Chara- 
cter. The whole Piece is ex- 
treamly well preserved. Mr. 
Gale takes it to have been 
I done about Harry the ^th'^ 

croised, crossed. 

croiserie, crosses. 

crounment, coronation. 

croupe, buttocks, crupper. 

cum, came. 

cumraythe, come, 

cuntre, country, encounter. 

curfais, courteous. 

curtasly, courteously, 

curteis, courteous. 

curteisly, courteously. 

curteyly, courteously. 

curteys, courteous. 

eussed, kissed. 

Customary Tenaiintes. Such Te. 
fiants as hold by the custom of 

the Manour, or such as hold 
by Copy of Court Rolls upon 
performance of the usual Cu^" 


da, dame. 

daile, dally, deale. 

dam, dame. 

Damas, Damascus. 

dan, dominus, Sir. 

Daneis, Danish. In pag. 2. the 
author thinks that Kampedenq 
is the same as campus Dano- 
rum ; but falsly. See Kampe- 

Danes, Danish. 

Danesry, Danish. 

Dangilde, Dane. gelt. 

dangu, dungeon, tower, castle. The 
Author of the English some- 
times uses the very French 
}Vords, as in pag. 203. where 
we have at J^e dangu J7at nyght, 
^tis dangu also in the French. 

danz, dominus. Sir. Videsis 
Glossarium nostrum ad Ro- 
bertum Gloucestriensem, voc. 

dar, dare, durst. I dar ne may, 
/ durst not. jmt strength ne 
dar, that strength durst not. 

dare, give, grant. 

dawes, days. 

dayet, a curse, cursed, confounded. 
dayet haf his lip, and his nose 
Jerby, a pox take his lips, and 
his nose thereby, dayet j'at J^er- 
of rouht. cursed be he that occa- 



stoned this. dayet who }e 
kyme, confounded be he that en. 
tertains thee, dayet his nose, 
confound his nose^ a curse to his 

ded, death, did. 

dede, death, deadydeed, deeds, feats, 
action, died. \e dede him dight, 
prepared himself for death. 

dedes, deeds. 

dedis, deads, as in pag. 239. in 
to Je dedis bond, is into the 
deads hand, or, i^i rnanum mor- 

deed, dead. 

defare, undo. 

defendes, prohibiteth, forbiddeth. 

flegh, voitchsafd. 

deie, put to death, kill, destroy, die. 
& do \(i Scottis deie, and kill 
the Scots, do ]'ise Scottis deiQ,kill 
these Scots. & did j^e Walsch 
men deie, and did the Welsh 
men to death, or, made the Welsh 
men die. 

^eignouse, disdainfuU. 

deih, die, nought ne deigh, did 
not die, he ne deih, he did not 

dele, a deal, part, distribute, neuer 
a dele, never a whit. 

deles, deals, meddles. 

pemaynes sive Demaines, Demains 
or demeasns, (either from the 
Lat. Dominicum, or French 
Deraain or Domain,J a word 
sufficiently known, and sig. 
nijies as much as patrimo- 
nium Domini. Hotoman, (in 
verbis feudalibus, verbo Domi. 
picum^) btj divfrf 4^th'*ri^ 

ties, proves those lands to be 
Dominicum, which a man holds 
originally of himself; and 
those to be feodum, which he 
holds by the benefit of a supe. 
rior Lord. But this word is 
now most commonly used for 
a distinction betzeeen those 
Lands, that the Lord of a 
Manour hath in his oivn 
hands, or in the hands of his 
Leassee, demised upon a rent 
for term of years or life ; and 
such other Lands appertain., 
ing to the said Manour, 
which belong to Free or Co. 
py-holders; howbeit the Co. 
py.hold belonging to any 
Manour, is also, in the opi. 
nion of many good Lawyers, 
accounted Demeasn. See Co- 
well's Interpreter, and Blount'* 
Dictionary interpreting Hard 

deme, condemn, judge, deed, exa- 
mine, decree. 

demed, judged, managed, con., 

demeyne, demeasn, demains. 

demouring, dwelling. 

demple, wrangle. No more of 
J7is to demple, no more of this to 
wrangle or dispute. 

demyng, judging. 

dene, dean. 

dep^rte, separate, depart. 

deppest, deepest. 

dere, sorrow, hurt, damage, ob. 
struction, dare, dear. )>e less© 
wille dere. the less hurt will 
there be. 



dereyne, derayn^ confound or turn 
out of order. In this sense the 
word seems to come from the 
French disarroyer, i. e. confun- 
dare, turbare. There are other 
senses of it. See Spelman''s 
Gloss, voc. dirationare, and 
J)u-Fresne's Gloss, voc. ratio, 
where Du.Fresne observes, 
that it signifies J among other 
things, to plead and to claime ; 
and indeed to claim suits with 
the Chronicle I now publish. 
See also Skinner in his Eti/~ 
molog. of Law words voc. 
dereyn, and my Glossary to 
Mob. of Glouc. in voc. de- 

des, dice, desk, seat, table, on des, 
at a table. 

desces, decease, death. 

desceyuance, deceit^ tricky deceiv- 
ing, couzening. 

deses, decease, disease. 

despite, despight, inpur'y, affront^ 
contempt, scorn, vexation. 

ilestrere, (dextrarius, equus mi- 
litaris,) a steed, a great horse^ a 
horse of service. 

dcstres, distress. 

destresse, distress. 

desturbled, he disturbed^ he o&- 

dete, date. 

Deuelyn, Dublin. 

deuere, devoir, endeavour, duty, 

deuise, devided, device, discretion. 

deus, God. as so say deus^ as one 
would say good God. 

iJeuyn, prophesy^ 

deuys, device. 

dey, dye. 

deyooushede, scornfuUness. 

deze pers, twelve peers. 

did, caused, did, did^st. He did 
masons deuyse & cast, He 
orderedmasons to devise andcou- 
slder. He did J^e king in reson, 
He made the king to under- 
stand, did ];am be, made or 
caused them to be. 

diflfamed, defamed. 

dx^i, prepare, make ready, made 
ready, accoutred, prepared, 
dressed, deck, decked, furnish, 
ready, rats'* d, hastened, made, he 
dight him io \e town, he made 
himself ready against the town. 

dightes, prepares, makes ready* 

digne, worthy. 

dike, ditch, ornament. 

d^kes, ditches. 

disceite, deceit, 

discert, desert. 

disceyuance, deceit. 

disconfet, discomfited. 

disconfite, discomfited. 

dises, decease, death. 

disherite, disherit, disherited. 

disheriteson, disseizin, disheriting, 

disheritsoun, disherison, disherit- 

disours, discourse. 

dispende, spend, expend, 

dispite, injury- 

disputeson, disputation. 

disputesoun, disputation, 

disseised, disseized, dispossessed, 

distance, discord, distance, diffe- 
rence, division^ dissension, for 



alle oj'er distance, notwithstand' 
ing alt other difference. 
distaunce, division, difference. 
disturblyng, disturbance^ impedi- 

ment, let, hindrance, 
do, make, do. do com, make or cause 
to come, do dight and mak 
gow hone, p. 170. prepare and 
make your self ready, sivepre- 
pare your self, and be of good 
courage and cheer, tho'' indeed 
bone may here be, what we 
commonly say bonny ; and then 
the Words will denote, make 
your self ready, and be brisk 
end bonny. Sc or I jit do my 
fyn, and before I yet make my 
end, or, and yet before I dye. 
do fe coroun kyng, make thee to 
be crown' d king. 
doand, doing. 

doelfuUie, dolefully, grievously, 
doguise, disguized. 
dole, grief. 

dome, doom, judgment, condem^a. 

Hon, discretion, dome on j^am 

salle nedes, judgment must ne^ds 

pass on them. 

dominoun, dominion, lordship, 

don, done, laid. 

dunjon, dungeon, prison. <' Dun« 
*' geon", (inquit Skinnerus) 
« Barathrum, Tullianum, Car- 
** cer Subterraneus 8f Caligi- 
*' nosus, mire detorto sensu, 
** a Fr. G. Dongeon, Turris mu- 
<* nitissima Propugnaculi ad 
f' ultimum Receptum, utr. 
*' J. d. Domio (i. c.) Domici- 

*' lium^ fortean enim antim 
^' qui captivos suos in altissi. 
*• ma Sf munitissitna totius ar~ 
*' cis sen urbis tut re, tanquam 
" loco tutissimo, custodieruni. 
" Posses etiam dejlectere H 
" nom. Dung, quia in tali 
*' carcere miseri cubiculum 
*' stercore suo conspurcant, sed 
*' prius longe prcefero". Rec. 
iissime hcec Skinnerns de altissi- 
ma Sf munitissima turre. Inde 
^ hoec verba apud nostrum, p. 
121. & did reise in J7at coste a 
stalworth donjon, idem valent 
quod, and did raise in that coast 
a strong high tower or castle. 
Et quidem turris arcis nostras 
Oxoniensis aptissime dongeon a 
nonnullis appellatur,quantumvis 
vulgo per synecdochtn haud alio 
nomine quam the castle veniat, 

donjoun, dungeon, prison. 

doole, grief. 

dortoure, dorter, dormitory. 

dos, does, do* 

douhteli, doughtily, readily, will, 

^ouhtiiiesse, manhood, strength^ 

douhty, Sitout, strong, couragious, 
magnanimous, valiant, brave, 
sturdy. Godefrey of Louayn 
]7e duke Jjat was douhty, 
Bi messengers tuayn sent to 
kyng Henry, For his douhter 
Adelayn, J7at wele was Jan 
of age. i. e. K;ing Henry 
sent to Godfrey, that was the 
stout duke of f^ouvain, for his 



daughter Adelayn^ that was then 
ripe of age. 

douhtynes, couragiousness, cou- 

douhtynesse, couragiousnesSj har- 

doure, endure. 

doute, fear, doubt. 

douted, doubted, feared. 

doyngus, doings. 

dred, dreaded, feared, were fear- 
full, terrify' d, afraid. 

drede, fear, terrify. 

dref, drove. 

drenge, drag. 

drenkled, drowned, zceredroiun''d. 

driue, to drive, to draw, to go. 

drof, drove. 

dronkeld, drowned, dronkeld euer 
ilkon, every one of them was 

dronkeu, drunk. 

dronkled, drowned, was drowned, 
was sunk. 

droiikon, drunk, drank. 

drouh, drew. 

drowe, drew, threw. 

dryue, drive, drove. 

dryuen, drove off. 

dubbid, dubbed, either from the 
French douber, doubber, or 
addouber, to rig, trim, dress, 
patch, mend, arm, or else(uhich 
I rather think) from the Nor. 
man~Saxon Word foubban, to 
create, gird, or strike, which 
occurs in p. 187. of the Saxon 
Chron. tinder the year whxxxv. 
where 'tis said, that William 
the conqueror created his son 
Henry a Knight at Westmin- 

ster, "j bubbabe hi]- j-unu Henjiic 
to jiibepe Jaeji. See Dr. 
Hickes's Gram. Sax. p. 151. 
Sf Gram. Franco-Theotisc. p. 

duelland, dwelling. 

dur, durst. 

dure, enduring, 

dures, doors. 

durre, door. 

duryn, hard. 

dnze, douzen, twelve. 

dnzepers, doiizen peers, twelve 
peers, sed ad pag. 269. duze- 
pere pro duzepers forsitan re- 
ponendum est, ut metrum prio- 
ri metro commodiiis respon. 

dyglit, prepared. 

dynt, dint, blow, point, stroke. 

dyntisj dints, blows. 


earn, unkle. *' Fame. Avuncu- 
lus''. (saithSomner, in his Sax- 
on Diet.) "^ the mothers brother; 
" who to this day is so called 
" in Lancashire. Noel. Bel- 
*' gis, oom." But then Hwas 
often used promiscuously, both 
for the father's, as well as 
mother's brother. See my 
Glossary to Rob. of Glouc. in 
voc. erne. 

eft, afterwards, after, again. 

eftson, again. 

eftsones, again. 

eftsonne, again, soon qfi^f' 

eftsons, eftsoons, now and then, 

ever and anon, presently, again, 




soon after. In pa^. 130. /. 6. 
ihe French hath altre feez, (for 
eft sons) from zchz'ch, I think 
zee commonly say to fetch a 

egged, egg'd, egg'don, spurred on, 

• incited, urg''d. 

egre, eager, fierce. 

else, ease, to ease, 

eke, ease. 

Eland, p. 77. Healande alias. 

elde, age, old, old age, smyten 
in to elde, brought or drawn to 
old age; smitten in age or years. 

elleuend, eleventh. 

ellis, else, otherwise, 

elne, ell. 

els, else. 

Elyng, Ely, 

emprise, enter prize. 

emys, enemies. 

enbussed, belayed, waylaid, am- 
bushed, in ambush, 

enbussement, ambushment. 

encheson, occasion, 

enchesonne, occasion, need. 

cnchesoun, occasion, cause. 

encumberment, annoyance, in~ 
cumbring, incumbrance, moles- 

encumberyng, incumberance, trou- 

encumbre, incumberance, trouble. 

endis, ends. 

enioxniB, form, fashion, settle. 

enmys, enemies. 

cnoyuted, anointed. 

enquere, inquire, was enqnere, 
vias to inquire. 

enselid, sealed, was sealed. 

ent, ended, wele ent, well ended. 
enterdite, interdict. 

enterdited, interdicted. 

enterlace, interlace, a kind of 
verse or rhythm so called. 

entermet, intermediate, interceed, 

entre, entred, entry, 

entres, entries. 

er, are, before. It er, there are^ 

erbage, see herbage* 

ere, before, are, 

erle, earl, duke. Vide not. ad 
imum pag. 179, 180. 

erresdeken, archdeacon. 

ersbisshop, archbishop. 

ersdeken, archdeacon. 

ersebisshop, archbishop. 

ert, art. 

er]7e horn, poo-. 118. earth-horn^ 
or rather (for so I take the 
word naturally to signify) 
country.horn. But then zchat 
sort of horns these were 1 
cannot, as yet, learn, iho^ 1 
have written, for Satisfaction, 
into that very Country, where 
the Action is related to have 
been. Nor indeed can I re- 
collect, that I have met with 
the wo7'd any where else. 
The Scots had designed, to 
have got an entire victory 
over K. Stephen, by a vast, 
and almost incredible, num- 
ber of cattle, that they had 
got together, thinking {by 
that means) to trample down 
the English before them; but 


the English, being forewarned 
of the matter, cunningly pre- 
vented it, by placing Earths 
horns or Country~horns in every 
street and way, which the Cat- 
tle were to pass, and the Effect 
proved according to their 
wishes. For the Earth-horns 
being blow^d, it put the Cattle 
into such a terrible consterna- 
tion, that they ran furiously 
back, crush'd the Scots thenim 
selves, and so the English came 
off compleat conquerors. The 
matter was talked of, as if it 
had been fresh, very frequent, 
ly in the time of Robert of 
Brunne ; for as for the relation 
in Peter Langtoft himself (/ 
mean in the original French) it 
is not otherwise expressed, than 
that the Scots were vanquished 
by an hideous sound, or noise, 
that was made by the English. 
The Stratagem is so very re- 
markable, that lean not but 
think, that Polycenus would 
have vouchsafed it a parti- 
cular place in his Work m- 
(i rpctrvyrifiuTuy, had it been trans~ 
acted either before, or in, his 
time, especially since he tells 
us ', how the besiegers of Theu- 
dosia, or Theodosia, a city of 
Pontus, were frighted away by 
the Noise of a great number of 
Trumpets, that were sounded 
all at the same time. 

es, ts. 

eschekere, exchequef. 

eschel, troop, company^ 

eschele, squadron. 

escheles, squadrons. 

eschete, escheat, escheated, fallen, 

ese, easily. 

essheked, asked. 

essoyn, excuse. 

essoyne, excuse, communing, par. 

estere, state. 

estre, state, estate. 

estres, states, state, condition, con- 
ditions, things. 

&. See under A. 

eth, easily. 

euel, ill, illness, distemper. 

euelle, sickness. 

eiien, even, adjusted. 

euenhed, eveness, equality, equal. 

euenhede, equity. 

euenlik, evenly. 

eueridele, every part. 

euerilkon, every one. 

euer ilkon sive euerilkonj every 

euer iikone, every one, each one of 

euon, even. 

extende, extend, display, seize and 

extendours, extenders, surveyors. 

«ye, awe, aid, obedience, he stode^ 
of him non eye, he stood in no 
awe or fear of him, eye of fe- 
sanntes, (faetura, pullities,) 

• L. V. c. XXIII. 




game of fesauntesy ab ey, ovo. 
eyrus, years. 
«yse, ease, 

faired, fairest, farthest. 

fairer, fairer, farther. 

fairhede, beauty. 

falle, fall, fell, happen. 

fallis, falls, happeneth. 

falste, falsity, falsness. 

famen, famish. 

fsind, found. 

fanged, received. 

fare, (vaJeat,) rest,dzcell, go, jour. 

ney, fare, ferry, pass, do. 
fatn, fared. 
faut, fault. 
faute, fault. 
fawe, enmity^ 
fay, faith, per fay, in faith. 
feyn, glad, gladly, joyfull, zssre 

glad, fain, willingly, 
fayoe, glad, desirous. 
fayntise, faininess. 
fayntlie, gladly^ 
fe,fee, lands, income. 
feaute, fealty, fidelity, faithfull. 

fedis, feeds. 
feendes, attempts, ab A. Sax. 

fanbian, tentare. 
feffe, feoffe, enfeoff e, endow, pos. 

sessjput in possesion. 
feflfed, feoffed, endowed. 
fieffement, feoffment, grant in fee, 

infeoffing, possession. 
feffementes, feoffments, fees. 
feiht, fight. 
feire, fairs. 

feith, faith. 

fel, fell out, happened. 

felauhes, fellows. 

felaus, fellows. 

feld sive felde, felt, feeVd. 

fele, many, happened. 

felle, beat down, cut down, pull 

down, humble, happened, came^ 
felly fall, to fall, to cut, befelly, 

crafty, cunning., much, felle him 

fulle, dejected him much, fuile 

felle, very cunning. 
fellis, fells, falls, throw or pull 

felon, traytour.. 
felonie, cruelty, anger, despight- 


son, mischief, villany. 
felons, traytours, treacherous. 
felonse, p. 207. {pro felonie) 

treachery, villany. 
feloun, felon, traytour, traytours^^ 
felowus, fellowes. 
fend, find, tj:y'd. 
fende, defend, fiend, devil. 
fende's, p. 281. {singular iter y 

casu genitivo,) fiend's, deviVs. 
fendes,p. 281. {pluraliter.) fiends y 

feT,far. fer fro, far from, afar off. 
ferd, fear, affraid, fearfull, wenty 

fared, managed, host, forces^ 

army. Fide inferd. 
{etde,ferry^ d, went,passed,affraidy 

fared, went.. 
fere, journey, society, company^ 

fear, far, companion, fellow. 
feres, companions. 
ferlike, terrible, strange. 
ferly, wonder, horribly, terribltf^ 

strangely. Bot I haf grete 



ferly, bui I have great wonder j 
or, I wonder very much, 

fcrne, far. 

ferrer, farther. 

ferrere, farther. 

fers, fresh, companions ^ fierce. 

ferth, fourth. 

fertre, shrine. 

ferynges, sudden. Ab Anglo- 
Sax, jrepinja, extemplo, sud- 

fesed, fastened, detained. 

fesid, jerked, whipped, beaten. 

fest, fast, fastened, fetched, noise, 
fuss, (as we say commonly,) 
to make a fuss. 

fet, fetcht. fet his dede, got his 

fete, feet. 

Mie, fetcht. 

fettre, fetter. 

feyn, glad. 

feyng, received. 

feyntise, dissimulation. 

fef]>\y, faithfully. 


ficacie, fickly. 

me, fifth. 

fiftend, fifteenth. 

figlitand, fght in g. 

fike\\e,fckle, inconstant, changea- 
ble, fickly. 

file, fool, thread, trifle. 

filed, defiled, failed, injured, abus~ 
ed, foiled, repulsed. 

fine, ceased. 

first, forest, and of )je first assise, 
p. 301, and of the forest assize. 

adeo ut assise hie (dem sit ^uod 
statutum sive decretum. Vide 
Spellmanni Gloss, ooc. assisa. 

fist, first. 

fitz Izoun, p. 68. fitz John, ndih 
fiz Joun in Codd. Gall. 

^e,fly, avoid. 

fleand, fiy, flyi?ig, flighting, put. 
ting to flight. 

&eha,nd, flying. 

Aeih, flew, fled, 

fleihes, flies. 

fleked, bent, bowed, plied, turned. 

fiekes, flags, twigs. 

fleme, banish, terrify. 

flemed, exiled, banished, exiles, 

flette, fleets 

flode, floudy inundation, raging 
of the sea, tempest, water, sea^^ 

flom, river. It must be here re., 
membered, that on this side 
Fryer Bacon's study at Oxford 
is a little Bridge ', under which 
runneth a small stream, {that 
divideth Oxfordshire and 
Bark-shire) being part of Tril- 
milbow, whose Course of 
old time was not to fall int9 
Isis, as now it doth, but into 
the River Charwell through 
the midst of Christ-Church 
Meadow, which though it be 
now but one, in former times 
was two, whereof the farther 
part, next to Isis, belonged 
to the City of Oxford, and 
was called the Town Mead^ 

• See Dr. Leonard HuUeiC$ Antiquitka of Oxford, published by me at the end of 
Textu* Roffei)si3,2> 348. 




-S/k/ the higher pnrt^ next to 
Fr ides widens, belonged to Christ- 
Church, and zsas called of old 
Frideswide's Mead. But in 
the days of K. Edzcard Vlt''. 
the Dean aiid Chapter, having 
then an annual Market, or 
Fair, usually kept about St. 
Frideswide^s day in the Quad- 
rangle, for many days toge- 
ther [and was much more con. 
siderable than Stourbridge 
Fair by Cambridge) were 
pleased to exchange the said 
Fair with the Town for their 
part of the foresaid Meadow ; 
so that Christ.Church having 
thus got the whole Meadow 
to themselves, they dammed 
up the old Channell, that ran 
into Charwell, and brought 
both the Meads into one; 
yet to keep up certain tokens, 
how the Course ran, certain 
meer stones were set in the 
Meadow, and it still bore the 
name of Shire-lake. And in. 
deed even to this day, there 
are very visible signs, such as 
Rushes and different Grass, 
where it went, and (zchich is 
the reason, for which I men. 
tion all this) it is often call.d 
the flam or the flum. It is with, 
all remarkable, that low, wa. 
try, rushif places are frequently 
caWd f'lanis by persons (espe. 
daily such as deal in Mea- 
dows and Cattle) in and a. 
bout Oxford. Of which Flams 

Vol n. 

there was fonnerly a much 
greater Number than there 
is at present, the Water of 
Charwell being then more ob. 
structed than now, which con- 
duced, in no small degree, to 
Sicknesses. And those that are 
acquainted with the History of 
Oxford are not ignoiant, that 
the Pestilence was often in 
old time in that place, ishich 
occasioned the Scholars to re. 
tire, a thing which is to be 
attributed, in great measure, 
to the Flams, as well as to the 
neglect of cleansing the Streets, 
and keeping out Creatures 
that raised Filth and corrupt, 
ed the Air. Of such kind 
of Flams there were abund- 
ance on the South side of the 
City, even beyond Fryer Ba. 
con's Study, the Causey being 
not raised so high as at j^resent, 
nor that way so much fre. 
quented {the Flams hinder, 
ing) as nowadays / zohich was 
the reason therefore that the 
place, now called Fryer Ba. 
con's Study, xcas very private 
(in respect of what it is nozo) 
and afforded that great Man 
a very convenient Retreat 
from the Grey Fryery, in or- 
der to contemplate in the 
night time, and make proper 
Observations in Astronomy, 
and other parts of Mathema- 
ticks ; which he did with the 
greater advantage, after he had 
z in- 



invented the Telescope (for 
^tis to him zee are to ascribe 
this usefull Invention ') xchich 
added so much to his Reputa~ 
tio?i, that there urns no one but 
loolc''d upon him as a pro- 
digy, and his Discoveries de- 
rived upon him so much En. 
vy, that he was proceeded a. 
gainst as a Magician, tho^ 
he wrote expressly against Ma. 
gick, as I have shewed else. 
tchere *. But *tzcas in the Sum. 
mer time chiefly, that this 
admirable Scholar made his 
Obset^vations at the place that 
noiv bears his Name, and not 
in Winter. At that dry Sea. 
son he was less obnoxious 
to the ill Vapours, that at 
other Seasons icere trouble, 
some and dangerous, especial, 
hj when there was then such a 
Multitude of Flams, the ill 
Effects of which, however, 
himself, by the Directions he 
gave, very much prevented, 
for tchich he deserved, and, 
without doubt, received thanks 
from the University, as zcell 
as the Town, it being the In. 
terest of this Seat of Learn, 
ing, which is so admirably 
(^nothing more finely) situat- 
ed, to listen to persons of 
Skill ivhen they prescribe what 
may prevent Infection, and 
therefore more Attention should 
have been given to such know- 

ing Men above fourscore years 
since, when many suffered by 
a new Disease, which tho^ it 
was felt at other places, yet 
rag^d most at Oxford, as mayi 
appear ? from a scarce little 
Book, lent me by my xsorthy 
Friend Thomas Rawlinson^ 
Esq;, intituled, Morbus Epide- 
viius Anno 1643. England's new 
Disease most contagious at pre- 
sent in Oxford- With theSignes, 
Causes, Remedies. Published hy 
his Majesties Command. Oxford, 
Printed by Leonard Lichfeild, 
Printer to the University. 4" in 
3 Sheets. Though it teas as an. 
cient as Hippocrates*, ytt it 
was termed The new Disease. 
^ Tic as generally defined to be a 
malignant and contagious Fea- 
ver, being comprised under the 
Genus of a putrid continued Fea- 
ver, which proceedeth from pu- 
trefaction Q/"bloud, or humours 
continued in the greater vessels. 
So that the Disease may be 
truly called, Febris putrida, 
continua, maligna, & contagio. 
sa; that is, a putrid, continued 
Feaver, both malignant and con- 
tagious. Tho' it was not the 
Plague, yet it was (as we be. 
fore defined it) what some ne- 
vertheless denyed, malignant 
and contagious, us the Au~ 
ihor of that Tract hath 
well proved. One cause of 

ostn MSS. Vol. 79. p. 122. * In ErUem. 




it Kits found to he those putrid 
Exhalations, drawn up by the 
Sun, fro7H stinking Matter, 
Dung, Carcasses ofdeadHorses, 
and other Carrion, in and about 
the City, the removing of which 
noysome Inconveniences, arid 
keeping the Streets sweet, and 
clean, zcas soon found to 
tend much to the abatement of 
the Disease. A second cause 
Tsas found to be Diet. For 
although there zcas no such 
scarcity of Provisions, as forc- 
ed any of the Inhabitants (Scho- 
lars or others) to feed upon bad 
Meats, yet the Drink could 7iot 
be excused, being, fur the most 
part, {by reasoji of the multitude, 
and concourse of people) over, 
new, and not ripe or fit for 
drinking. Which Inconvenience 
is what we still complain of. 
And therefore ''tis zcished the 
Brewers would someichat re. 
gard our health, as zcell as 
their own profit, in drying their 
Mault sufficiently, throughly 
boyling their Beer, and making 
clean their Vessels ; whereas a 
common Complaint against them 
is, that they make use of slack- 
dried Mault, do not half hoyl 
their Beer, that they add few or 
no Hopps, and tun it up in un. 
■washed Vessels, which causeth 
the Drink to be crude, raw, and 
apt to corrupt xvilhin :is. To 

zshich Observation zee may add, 
that the Brew-houscs all stand 
upon the Banks of the River 
Isis, txhich of it self is a cold 
hungry PVater, the source and 
springs of it arising from Cots- 
wold in Gloucestershire : zshere 
at the spring head, the extre- 
mity of Coldness in the JVater 
is such, that, as it is observed, 
Beasts refuse to drink of it ; 
hozo great care then ought the 
Brewers to take i'th' boyling, 
zshereby to alter, and amend this 
qualify of the imter ? This Di- 
sease as it proved mortal to 
some, so it hung long upon 
others; but then many pre. 
vented the ill Effects by using 
this method. Presently upon 
complaint of Chilness, of aking 
find dizziness in the Head, they 
took a Cordial, went straitway 
into bed, and swet, and rose 
next day, without any distemper: 
which might very well be, by 
discussing, and expelling the 
pa<7/:*«, a7id inquinamentum pu. 
tredinale, before it had fer. 
mented, and assimilated the 
whole Masse. And by this 
means alone was cured that 
most fatal Disease t^^owa-os, or 
Sudor Ariglicus, which raged 
with such destructive violence 
Ctill constant szveating for 
24 houres, the only certain 
Remedy zcas found out) that 
z 2 neigft. 



neighbouring Counties did not 
believe this Island had so mani/ 
Inhabitants as died. We have 
not been wholly free since that 
time from the same kind of 
Disease, that this little Book 
before mentioned describes to 
have been so violent at Oxford; 
(tnd whether or no there was 
not a touch of it in the latter 
end of the year 1724. / shall 
leave to the Judgment and De- 
cision of those, that shall 
read these Notes and made 
any Remarks of what happened 
at that Season. 

float, sayling. Now er alle on 
flote, now are all sayling on the 

flowand, flowing, flowed, over. 

flum, river. In old charms ^ ue 
have, plum lupban for the river 

fo, few, foe, foes, enemies, for. 
fo men, the enemies, 

fode, food. 

fodes, foods. 

foen, foe. fulle foen, an utter 

foisoun, store, plenty, abundance. 

fole, foolish, fool, a fool, 

foles, fools, foolish, folks. 

folie, foolish. 

folowand, following. 

folowes, follow. 

foltid, foolish, faulty. 

fomen, enemies. 

fond, ^nd, found, have found, 

try, tryed, went to. Hastily bf- 
gynne Philip to folow Jou fondy 
begin thou, and try or contend 
hastily to follow Philip. See 

fonde, found, try, find, contend, 
labour, endeavour, strive. 

fonden, found. 

fondes, tryes, attempts. 

fondon, found. 

fondoure, founder. 

fondred, forced, he fondred Je 
Sarazins otuyiine, he forced the 
Saracens into two parties. 

fonk, funk, vapour, smoke. 

fonkes, funks, be beten alle fonkes, 
be beat all to funks, or till they 
stink again. 

foole, foolish. 

foos, foes. 

for, for, because, from, for that, 
in that, when, of, four, for ne 
non, for not one. ware him for 
tricherie, take heed to himself 
of treachery. for monethes, 
four months. 

forbarred, debarred, barred of, 
deprived of. 

forbede, forbid. 

forbi, before, for by, notwithstand. 
ing, away, therefrom. forbi 
euer ilkone, before every one. 

forby, excluded, 

fordid, destroyed. 

for do sive fordo, undo, destroy. 

fordon, undone, lost. 

fordone, hindered, lost, stopt. 

fordos, destroys, damages, un- 

Hickesii PrcEf. ad Thes, lingg, Sept. p. xvJ. 




fore, gone, fared, Z2ent, go. ne hob 

j?er after fore, neither didany one 

go after it. 
foreyns. aliens, strangers. 
forfare, forfeit, loose, to make de. 

sert, to make destitute, destroy. 
forfaren, forlorn, deserted, de~ 

for for, wherefore. 
forgetilschip, forgetfullness. 
forgo site for go. forego, forsake, 

leave, loose. Ab A. Sax. yop. 

jan, dimittere, derelinquere. 
forholn, zoitholden, witheld, de. 

tained, kept back. 
forlete, leave, loose. 
forlome, lost, 
formast, foremost, formast on of ]>o, 

the foremost man of those; the 

foremost one of those. 
foremest, foremost, foremest next 

Palmesonenday, next before 

for schent, very much confounded. 
forset, stopped. 
for soth sive forsoth, in truth, for 

sooth, in troth, truly, of a truth. 
forsters, foresters. 
forsuore, forszoore, abjured, 
forth, forth, from, thenceforth. 
forthely, readily, als forthely as 

he, as readily as he, as well as 

he, as far forth as he. 
forthes, freta, friths, sti eights. 
forth jode, should go forth, should 

be confirmed. 
for}>ouht, grieved, feared. for- 

l^ouht it sore and smerte, it 

griev'd them sorely and smartly, 
for told, foretold. 
forward, bargain, condition, cove. 

nant, love, argument, compact, 

contract, forwards. In a gode 

forward, on good Articles. 
for warned, forewarned. 
forwondred, much wondered at, 

very strange. 
fosoun, confidence, ability. 
fote, foot, feet. 
founde, trjj. 
founden, founded. 
foundes, founds, frameing, found. 

ing. ^ 
fourtenyght, fortnight. 
fou]>ty, fourty. 
foyntes, attempts. 
foyson, abundance, plenty, store, 

confidence, career. 
foysoun, store, plenty, abundance. 
fraist, nourish, countenance. 
fram, frame. 
Franceys, French, 
iranchise, franchise, franchises, It. 

Frankes, French: 
Frankis, French. 
frape, clutter, hurly burly, aid, 

from the French frappe, struck, 

knockt, rapt, kc. 
frauh, fraught. 
fraunkeleyn, franklin, freeman, 

frayed, aff raid, frighted. 
fre, free. 

freist, freeze, cool. 
freistes, fraughts. 
frere, frier. 
freres, friers. 
frese, freez'd, froze. 
fresse, fresh, quick. 
frette, fraught or fiaight of a 

z 3 frith, 



frith, peace. 

frithe, //-ee, privikge, sanctify, 
ito^from, of, against, fro that for- 
ward, from that time for- 
fulle, full, fulli/y many, very, ful- 
le suythe, sive suijje, very readily, 
very quickly, very fast. fulle 
faire, very fair. fulle grim, 
nery austere, very sower or 
rough, very sharp, very grim. 
fulle rebelle, very rebcUiously. 
fulle streit, p. 79. immediately, 
Tel etiam potest denotare, very 
strictly sive very narroicly. 
funde, found. 
funden, found. 

fyn, fine, finely, end, contract, con- 
fynde, endeavour. 
fyne, pure, fine, end, payment, 

bargain or agreement. 
tynes,fnes. This Word fyne or 
line, Cometh of the Latin finis, 
and is so well known, among 
our lawyers and others, that 
it is to no purpose, to say 
much about it. It hath divers 
applications in our Common 
Law. But the common Sig- 
■nif cations are, (1) A formal 
Conveyance of Lands, by ac- 
knowledging a pe}fect Agree- 
ment before a Judge. (2) A 
Sum of Money paid for Lands 
and Tenements let by Lease. 
(3) A Penalty or Amends made 
in Money for an Offence. 
fyue, five, whan he had regned 
fyue, & wele was aboue, p. 57. 
^hen he had reigned five year^ 

{nam in Codd. Gall, kaunt. 
V. anuz en la tere en pees 
auoyt reigne) and was much 


ja, yea, 

gadred, gathered. 

gadres, gathers. 

gaf, gave, cared, gaf of, cared for. 
of j^e kirke gaf Jei leste, they 
cared least for the church, gaf 
no tale, cared not. 

jaflF, gave. 

galais, galleys. 

gald, i;iclded, gave, 

jalde, yielded. 

galwes, a gibbet or gallows. 

galweis, gallows. 

gamen, game, sport, rejoycing, 
gladness, mirth. No gamen him 
ne list, no game liked him. 

gamened, gamed, j^an jamened 
]?api no glevve, then ivere they 
not at all glad. 

gamned, gamed, rejoyced. Sone 
with ]?e Danes gamned J'am no 
glewe, presently no mirth re. 
joyced (or remained with) the 

gan, begin, began, gan mis, gone 

gannok, standard, ensign. 

gare, ready, at hand, provide, pre- 
pare, get ready, prepared, rea- 
dily, quick. 

gared, prepared, made ready, pro- 

garner^ garners^ granaries. 




gart, p. 4. prepared. Sed gan ma. 

lir/ij ut ad iinum ^><|o-/«c? mo- 

gaste, ghost. 
gate, altogether, got, beget, toay, 

the zcuT/, gate. I rede out of J^is 

oste ]>e marchis go his gate, / ad- 
vise, that the marquiss go his 

zi-aj/ out of tikis host. 
gatis, gates. 
gauelokes, (hastilia,) gaTielocks,(i:om 

the Saxon jajrelucajr in JEl. 

frick, which sigKifies, shafts, 

Javelins, zcarlike Engines, &c. 
gayn stie, Jlngl. Sax. gang jcije, 

gayte, guiety, gladness. gadred 

als fe gayete, gathered as gay 

people use to do. 
^i^, ye, you, went, yea. je unnej? 

is any dele, you have scarce any 

Geantz, Giants* 
geay, gay, merry. 
ged, goed, icent. 
gede, Kent. 
goffen, given. 
Getfroun, Geffry. 
geldj yield, yielded. 
gelde, yield. 
gelded, yielded. 
geldes, yields, 
jelp, yelp, hozcl, hozcljng, crying, 

cry, Kail, may cry, may boa>t. 

J7at men of vs jelp, that a great 

noise or report may be made 

about us. 
^ome, appoint, care, govern, be 

governed, be guarded, to xsield. 

ouertok it tp jeme, undertook 

to take care of it, 

gemed, defended, governed, mind- 
ed, aimed, look'd to. 
gendrure, issue, generation. 
Gene, Genua or Genoa. 
jeng, young. 
gent, gentle, fine, pretty, soft, gen- 

teel, courteous. 
gentille, genteel, fine, noble, ho. 

gepe, in jest. 
jerd, yard. 
jerde, rod, yard. 
gere, ready., very, year. 
jerne, earnestly, vehemently, de- 
sire, speedily, vigorously, ear. 

ncstly desire, earnestly con. 

tend or endeavour. 
gerned, yerned, longed, desired, 

contended, earnestly endeavour. 

jernyng, desiie, desiring, covet. 

Geruans, p. 78. Girvum, Gyr. 

zci or Jarrow. 
gert, sharp, great, 
gese, gees. 
gesse, guess. 
gest, guess, guessed, guest, com. 

pany, guests, gests, acts, trans. 

action, transactions. 
joste, guest, guests, allies, gests^ 

transactions, affairs. 
gested, entertain''d. 
gestes, gests, acts, transactions, 
gete, get. 
geten, gotten. 
getis, gets, 
gett, yet, still. 

gette, got, kept, shed, purchased. 
geyns, gins, traps, engins. 
gif, giv.Ujgavc, give. 

^ 4 giir, 



giff, if, give, 

gifFes, gives. 

gile, guile, deceit, deceive. 

gilerie, deceit, guile. 

^iXery, cheat, fallacy, deceit, guile. 

giloure, guiler, deceiver, traijtour, 
more deceitfull, more crafty. 

gilt, gilt, guilt. 

sing, young. 

gird, girt, girded. 

git, yet, nevertheless, moreover, 

gites, beds, lodging places^ inns. 

glathjp. 192, publick. Hinc cer. 
te cl, Ski?merus de voce gladly 
hcec profert. " Gladly, exp. 
" Commonly, fort. q. d. Le- 
" odly, AS. Leoblie {i.e.) 
" Publice, Populaiiter, ab AS. 
" Leobe, Populus. 

gleam, light. 

glede, a coal. 

glent, glanced, passed, glided. 

glewe, glee, mirth, joy. 

glosed, flattered. 

God, God, good. God son of 
heyiion, God's son of Heaven. 

gode, God, good, method, zcent, 
goods, gone, of Gode, against 
God, from God. Gode lone, 
God's love- iiG ^ode, did not 
go. sais me a godf certeyn, tell 
me a certain method, give mc 
good advice. 

godes, goods. 

Godesbord, God's table. 

golden, yielded. 

gole, Christ mass. 

gole feste, feast of Christ mass. 

gomen, yeomen. 

Gomor, Gomorrah. 

gon, go, began. gon Itelle, be^ 

gun to be told. 
gonfaynoun, banner. 
gonfeynounos, standards.. 

SO"g) > nouns'. 

gonge, 3 

gonnen, begun- 

gorde, 7/ard. 

50 rk, York. 

gos, go. 

gost, ghost, spirit, soul, 

•^onr, your. 

gow, you, your selves. 

grace, grace, favour. 

graith, readiness, peace, agreement. 

gram, grieve, trouble, vex, punish, 
anger, fury, sorrow, debate, 

grame, punishment, sorrozc, hurt. 

grant, granted. grant mercy, 
gratnmercie, as Cofgrave hat^ 
noted in his English and 
French Dictionaj'y. " Gra- 
" mercy, (saith Dr. Skin- 
ner) " a. Fr. G. Grammercy. 
" It. Granmercie, q. d. gran. 
" dem mercedem tibi duit 
" Deus." He should have 
said rather, grandem misericor. 

grantise, grant, a grant, conces. 
sion, zearrant, security. 

graytli, array, drazv, ornament. 

gre, great, estate, iiill, pleasure, 
degree, step. 

grefe, grievous, troublesome. 

greitli, motion. 

grene, green. 




gres, grass. 

gret, great. 

gretand, crying. 

grete, greeted^ crt/, exclaim, com. 
plain, great, greatly, crying, 
estate. I haf nqt git so wrouht, 
to haf maugre j'e grete. / have 
not behaved my self so as yet, 
but I can do zoithout thee, grete 
J^inges {in Appendice ad Pr^f. 
Num. XIV.) wounds. 

gretis, greets. 

grette, grated, clawed, greeted, sq- 
luted' his barpus alle Jjei grette. 
his barons he greeted alt of 

greue, be grievous, grieve, be at 
grievance, grief. 

grenus, griefs. 

grille, cruel, cold. 

grim, grim, cruel, sharp, austere, 
rough, roughly, fierce, harsh, 
gruff, stern, devilish, vile. 

grith, agreement, peace, gpi^- 
bjayce, 3Jiichb|iiche, jjiichbpece, 
or gfie^bjiece, is breach of 
peace in old Monuments. 

grym, grim, harsh, sharp, ghastly, 
cruel, base. 

^ude, good, zoent. 

guye, guide, lead, govern, manage, 

guyour, guider. 

guyours, guiders, commanders. 

guyse, guise, manner. 

gye, guide. 

gyf, give. 

gynne, begin. 

gynnes, begins. 

gynnyng, beginning. 

gyqui, guider, captain, 

gyiie, gift. 

gyuen of, given off or over. 

gyues, give. 


ha, hast. 

hache, hatchet, ax. 

had, have, had, hadst. had haued, 
had had. 

haddon, had. 

haf, hc^ve, hath, he had, to have. 
haf gode day, God by^e, or good 
by'e, ut vulgo, i. e. God be with 

hage, ague, sickness. It comes 
from the French aigii, sharp, 
because an ague, at least in 
the Paroxysm, is known to 
be so. But Hwas common 
zcith our Ancestors to p?-efix 
h to Words, when there; 
zcas no manner of occasion. 
IJence some of them xcrit Ho- 
xonia/or Oxonia, as is even ob. 
sej-o'd by Mr. Vernon in his 
Oxonium Poema, where he 
writes ' thus of two odd Verses 
in ]}Ierton.College Windows: 

Jlic veteres potes inspicere, & ridere Poetas, 
Qui dignum cunctis carmen sensere fenestris, 

Pag. 21. 




In fenoslris 
Collegii Mer- 
tonens. pas- And as they frequently 

Sim legitur . ^^ ^. ' n i q^ 
hoc cannon ^ , _. ^ , 

cnmilioalte-ford, iloxford, SO they 
to, Tempusj^j Abbineton, Ha- 

in omne, tern- 
pus consu- pyndouu, as may be 
mere grave, learned from Thomas 
Sprofs Chronicle ', that I lately 
hakeney, hackney horse. 
iiakneis, hackney horses. From 
the French haquence, i. e. an 
iimbling horse, gelding, or tnare. 
We commonly call any Coach or 
Horse, let out to hire, a Hack. 
uey, cSc. and some tcill tell yon, 
that the name ones it's original 
io Hackney, a Toxcn of much 
resort, about three Miles froyn 
London. But then hozc comes it 
io puss, that it should be so 
much used in the same sense in 
Countries, where this tozon zcas 
never heard of ? or hozo came 
the Word to be in vogue be- 
fore this Tozsn became noted? 
I altogether, therefore, incline 
io the French. And so does 
the learned Dr. Skinner. 
♦' Hacknoy", {says he) " kFr. 
" G. Hacquenee, liisp. Haca- 
*' rea, Haca, It. Acchinea, Ac- 
*' chenea, Chinea, C. Br. Hac- 
" nai, quod illis Equum 
" Gradarium, nobis E(juum 
** Condnctitium signijicat, fort. 
** omnia a Teut. Hengst, E- 
*' quus, vel saltern catera oni. 

Hoxoniam quare venisti prcemediiare* 

" nia ab It. Chinea, S; hoc k 
" Sclikma, Dorsum, q. d. Ca- 
" vallo di Schiena, a Backed 
" horse, a Saddle Horse, or 
" Pad nag." 

hakneye, hackney. 

hald, hold, to hold. 

halde, hold. 

halden, holden. 

haldes, holds. 

hale vp, lift up, hoizc up. 

haled, healed. 

half, side, part. 

halidam, holy lady. 

halle, all. 

halp, help''d. 

hals, heels, neck. wikked hals. 

haluendele, half part, the half 
part, half. 

haiwes, Saints. 

Halwethurs, holy Thursday. 

hal}', holy. 

hamage, homage. 

hamelesse, hamletts. 

han, have. 

Hanaud, Hainalt. 

haned, had. N for v /* after the 
Scottish manner. For in the 
old Scottish Translation of 
Hector Bo'ethius tee have 
abone for above. Hane and 
haue have been used promi- 
scously. Thus, in Winken 
de Worde's Ed. of lib. Festi- 
valis, there is haue in the 
Serm. de Transfiguracione Do- 

Fag. 101. 



mini, whereas His hane in that 
other Ed. I have mentioned 
above tinder the Word croice. 

hard, hard, sharp^ grievous, hard- 
ship, sorroTsfull, terrible, great, 

hardille, boldly. 

harden, heard. 

harie, devastation, vexation, moler 

has, has, have, hast, has he had, 
p. 296. had he had. 

hastif, hasty, quick, hastiness. 

hastifly, hastily. 


hat, had. 

hate, v:as called, heat. 

haten, called. 

hater, attire, habit. 

hatie, p. 180. haughtiness, high, 
ness. sed hie loci potiiis est 
idem quod hastif ; adeo ut jiorght 
hatie denotet hastily, id quod de 
Gallico par hatye itidem est 

hatrex, hatred. 

hauberke, lorica, habergion, coat 
of mail. 

hauelon, (Gallice,) heullant, hold- 
ing, yelling. Hither the zsord 
hauelogh is to be referred, that I 
have printed from Caxton in p. 
664. of Heming^s Chartulary. 

hawwt, frequent, usual. 

haunte, frequent, common. 

ha.m\ted, frequented, practised, 

haut, the high. 

Jiauteyn, haughty. 

hayre, heir, a hare. 

he, him, her, they, he, his, smote 
he to dede, smote him to death. 
of he answere ameved, moved by 
her answer, he he light, he him~ 
self alighted, so in p. 167. he he 
is he himself, or himself, unless 
one of the he's be superfluous, 

heberd j^am bileue, p. 80. gave 
them harbour, harboured them 
xvith livelyhood, sive entertained 
them, hileue etiam readily deno~ 
tare potest. 

hede, head, behead, heads. 

hede liode, p. 267. the hoods of 
their heads. Sed forte potius 
legend, hede & hode, /. c. heads 
and hoods. Sed £f hede hode 
eo sensu potest accipi, quo man. 
hood, ut hode conditionem sig- 
nificet, adeo ut tunc temporis eo 
ipso in prcslio tam Normanriiy 
quam S^- Picardi conditionem 
virilem^ imo etidtn ipsam vitam^ 

heen, hen. 

heiere, higher. 

heised, eased. 

held, reckoned, accounted, hold^ 
held, zcent, kept, held no tales, 
made no account, not held, did 
not hold, did not observe, didnot 

helo, health. 

helle, hell, the deep, the depth or 
bottom of the sea. Either from 
the Saxon helan, tegere, celare ; 
or from hoi, caAerna, fovea, 
abditum, cavitas, fo|-amep. Inth^ 


old Rhythmical Tract, about of this old Tract^ as well as 
the Pains of Hell, in an an- of the other Pieces in the MS. 
cient Vellum MS. {given me Be that as it will, it puts me 
by my learned Friend Richard in mind of the old odd Map, 
Graves, of Mickleton in Glou- J formerly often perused in 
cestershire, Esq;) Hell is not the Bodl. Library, in which 
only made to signify a great the Scottish Sea is made to 
pit or hole, where the wicked be Hell, our Ancestors having 
are to be punished after the strange Notions of that Sea, 
Resurrection, but the Sea, as well as they had of all 
zchere the fiends dwell, as Scotland, particularly the 
well as in the air and earth, Northern Parts of it. But I 
till the day of Judgment. I shall give the Rhythms in the 
do not know, but Robert of old Tract ', / ]iave spoke of, 
Jirunne might be the Author at large. 

But first I will schewe where is helle 

As I haue herd grete clerkes telle. 

And ^ setthcn wil I shewe gow more, 

And speke of the paynes that ^ ben there. 

Some clerkes sayn, as the boke bereth witnes, 

That helle euene a mydde the erthe is. 

For al the erthe 4 be skylle lykned may be 

iVntyl a round appul tre. 

That euene ^ a myddes haneth a colke, 

Ryght as an " ey a mydde haneth a jolke. 

For as a jolk is euene a mydwarde 

Of the schelle of aney, whan it is harde ; 

Ryght so is helle pit, as clerkes telles, 

A mydde the erthe and no where elles. 

As the golk a mydde of an ey ^ lys, 

And the white a boute, so in the same wys, 

Ryght so is the erthe, with cute doute, 

A myddes the heuenes, that 9 gon a boute. 

Thus may men se '° be an hard ey " dyght, 

How heuene and erthe stondeth ryght. 

' Pfl^. 183. '^ After. 3 Be there. '^ By reason. ^ Unto. ^ In the middle hath a 
heart, colke being the same here Kith bolke or venter, i. e. belly or paunch. "^ Egg in 
the middle hath a yolk, ^ Lies or lays. 9 Go. '"By. " ReadUy. 



Ful ' hydous and * mychel helle is i kyd, 
For why ? it is with in the erthe hyd. 
Thedir ■» schul the synful be dryuen. 
As sone as the laste s dom is jeuen, 
With alle the ^ fendes euere ther to duelle, 
That now ben in the eyr, in erthe, and in helle. 
Ther schul they alle ben stopped to gyder. 
Woo schul hem be, that schul "? wende thider. 
For ther is so moche sorwe and ^ bale, 
And so many 9 payne with onte tale, 
That alle the clerkes that euere liadde wit, 
That euere were, or that lyuen git, 
Cowde not telle, ne schewe thorw '^lore, 
How moche sorwe and paynes ben thore. 
And gif it thorw kynde myghte ben so. 
An hundred thowsand men, or mo, 
Hadden an hundred thowsand tonges of " stel, 
And ech tonge myghte speke wysly and weel, 
And ech a tonge of euery man 
Hadde be gunne, whan the world be gan. 
To speke of paynes, and schulde speke ay. 
Whiles the world laste, tyl domes day, 
git myghte they not the sorwe telle. 
That to synful men is ordeyned in helle. 
For why ? no wit of man may be gynne 
The paynes, that ther ben ordeyned for synn^. 
But men may fy nde, who so '* wele loke, 
Some manere of paynes wryten in boke, 
As men haue herd wyse clerkes telle, 
A mong alle othere paynes, that ben in helle. 
Bote what man is so wys and wytty, 
That cowde telle the paynes properly, 
*^ But if it were on that hadde ben thore, 
And '* sen the paynes'* lasse and more ? 

" Hideous. * Great; 3 Said to be, shew'd to be. < Shall, s Judgment. ^ Fiends. 
Devils. 7 Go. « Grief. 9 PunisiimentSj pains. '* Learning. "Steel. '^^Vill. '^Ex- 
cept it were one. '* Seen, 'J Less. 




But he that cometh ther certay n 
May not lyghtly turne a jeyn, S{c. 

helled, healed, covered. 

helpand, helping. 

halt, healthy, 

hcra, them. 

hand, kind. fuUe hend, very kind, 

very civil, very courteous. 
hende, ^ne courteous, generous, 

kind, gentle, good. 

hender, kinder, better. 

henge, hang. 

Henners, Hainalters. 
!nt, too 

landed, catck'd, taken, have 
taken, lay hands upon, appre~ 

her, hear, their. 

herbage or erbage, tho^ it naturally 
signifies the fruit of the earth, 
provided by nature for the bit 
or mouth of the Cattle ; yet it is 
most commonly used in law, 
for that liberty, a Man has to 
feed his Cattle in another Man^s 
Ground : also for what is cu. 
stomarily paid in lieu of Tithe 
for Pasture Ground. 

herbegerie, habitation. 

herberd, harbour. 

herbere, arbour. 

herd, hearing, having heard, hear, 
heard, herd an, p 90. heard of, 
nisi malts herdan, unica voce, 
pro hearing. 

herde, herd or gather together, 
summon, heard. 

here, ariny, hear, here, heard. 
TiJ?ing here we say, we heard 
tidings spoken. 

herfor, upon this. 

Herford, Hereford. 

Herietts, Ueriots or harlots, front 
the Saxon Ilepe-jeat, i. e. 
armour, weapons, or provision 
for zvar : or, a tribute that zoa$ 
of old given to the Lord of a 
manor for his better preparation 
toward war. " Vocevi ductam 
" puto" (sa/ih Somner, in 
his Saxon Dictionary) " ab 
" hejie, exercitus, Sf jeac, alias 
<' geoc, fundo, ejfundo, quasi 
^' fuerit quid in exercitum ero- 
" gutum, vectigali lleregeld 
'' dicto, nan dissimile^'. We 
now commonly understand by it, 
the best Chattel, that the Te. 
nant hath at the hour of death, 
due to the Lord by Custom, 
be it Horse, Ox, Cow, or any 
such like. 

heritagelik, inheritahly, in fee sim^ 
pie, for ever. 

herkis, hearken. 

harlot, ribald, 
is riband in the 

herlote, p. 317. 
and indeed it 

hernays, harness. Tho^ this 
Word, which, perhaps, comes 
either from the Teutonick 
Harnisch, or from the French 
Ilarnois or Hamas, common- 
ly sig nifies, either all the Ac- 
coutrements of an armed 
Horseman, or else the Furni- 
ture for a Horse in a Char* 



riot, Cuach or Waggon ; yei 
there is also another signifi- 
catioHy zchich hozsever for- 
reign to any thing, that is 
mentioned in our Anther {in 
Tchose time also Coaches^ as 
ue at present understand the 
Expression, icere not in use,) 
I think fit to mention here, 
and that is, zshat these Words 
in the Statute of 2 Hen. VI. 
14. have relation to : And that 
no Goldsmith nor Jeweller, nor 
any other that worketh Harness 
of Silver, shall set any of the 
same to sale within the City [o/ 
London,'^ before that it be 
touched with the touch, and also 
■with the Mark or Sign of (he 
Workman of the same, upon 
pain of Forfeiture of the double 
value &c. upon zchich Passage 
the Author of a little Book in 
8ro ' intituled, A Touch. stone 
for Gold and Silver Wares, 
remarks *, that all sorts of Sil- 
ver JVork, of the most Eminent 
account {that are made in and 
about the City of London, and 
uithin three miles of the same) 
are comprehended under the 
Names of V^essels and Harness; 
mentioning vessels Oy reason of 

zchat he had cited from former 

herneis, harness, furniture^ equi.. 
page, armour. 

herne^'s, harness. 

heronsewes, herons. *^ Hern. 
sues", (saith Dr. Skinner in 
Etymolog. vocum antiquarum) 
" Ardea avis, vox adhuc iti 
" agro Line, obtinet, ab Heron, 
" Sf Sue pro Pursue, Prosequi^ 
" Fr. G. Suivre, quia sc. haic 
" rapax avis turn alias aves^ 
'• turn pisces insectatur". 

hers, hear est, hears, hear. 

Heruegra, p. 67. Harfager, bsin£ 
spoke of Harold Harfager. 

heste, command, zcill. 

hestcs, commands. The true Sa, 
xon Word zi-as hjeses: but after 
the Normans cams into Ens;- 
laud, that Word waspronounc'd 
hestes, and by that Name zcere 
the X Comtnandments culled^ 
as may appear from zchat fol- 
lozees, trunscribhl hy me from 
an old MS. Fragment in FeU 
lum, lent vie by my zcorthy 
Friend, Thomas IVard of 
Longbridge, near Wuizcicky 
Esq;. The hand is of the age of 
King Stephen. 

Les diz comandemens. 

Lone god ouer alle J^ing. 

J Ne suuer ]>\i fals for no }ing. 

Piinted at Lond. 167 

Peg. 1- 

J S'ui SKeariheu. 




' Feste held fram * wrcliing. 
Fader and moder do ^ worjnng. 
Of * manslojt, ^ naue ^ willing. 
Hordom let, it is ' ful jjing. 
8 Mid wrong of noman haue no fing. 
Of false witnusse let bering. 
Let fleses lust 9 ut of '° spusing. 
" Wyllet of oj^er man no J'ing. 
J70S ten hestes '* J>at heueneking 
Ilolde for '^ habbe gad ending. 

Where the 2f/. Commandment is 
omitted (as ''tis in several other 
MSS. of middle Age Antiquity^ 
that I have seen) and the 10th 
is divided into two. I meet 
with the same Word also in 
another MS. Fragment in Vel- 
lum, lent me by the same Friend, 
being part of an old Homilie 
about Confession and Penance. 
The Fragment contains two 
Pages in 4to. Tho' it be later 
than the former, yet I take it te 
be of the Reign of Richard 11. 
The chief Thing I observed in 
it is, the Apostle's Creed, which 
is brought in thus: & '* wite 
it wel, )>at j7ou oujtost holde 

Godes X hestes. For jif }o\i 
breke on of 'S h , )?ou dost, in 
as myche as in Je is, as Adam 
dide jjat tyme, )»at he ete J'e 
appel, ,where ]?orou al Je '^ wold 
was '' . . rlore. vnderstond, J^at 
j>e fyrste heste is, jjou schalt not 
'8 ha alyen Godes ... fat tow- 
che)? }y byleue. & Ai^yte it wel, 
]7at '9 bot ]70u byleue . . . . t, 
alle ]?at ]iou dost here »° anerjje 
is wor]? *' apese, forte wyne j^e 

e of heueue. & j'er- 

fore at the ** bygynyg Jjou 
*J most sygge J'i crede .... 
yleue in God, fader almyjti, 
*4 schipper of h & of h, & 
in Jhesu Crist, his only 

' Fast hold. " Working. 3 Honour. * Manslaughter, murther. 5 Perhaps it 
should be ne naue, i. e. know not, or be not conscious. « Willingly. 7 Foul. « With, 
9 Out. '<> Spowsing, marriage. " Will, desire, covet. '^ Commanded. '3 to have 
good. '* Know. '5 F. hem. >« F. world, j, F. forlore, i. e. lost. '« Have strange. 
»» Unless. ■"> On earth. =' A pea, for to u>in. « Beginning. "3 Must say. «* Crew 
tor, maker, from the Saxon rcapen, create, formate. 


, , . . . e oure Lord, that of the Apostles Creed brings to 

conceyued my mind the Form that occurrs 

was ybened of ]ie Holi- «^ Me ewrf o/ Pierce the Plough- 

gost. * ybo of ]> m. mans Crede, printed in 4to with 

ede The vision of Pierce Plowman 

ma * ied vnder in the year 1561. which II uckily 

put purchas''d sometime since ^ after 

Pounce Pil. Idon on / had made use of one (tho^ of 

croys another Edition) that had been 

rode, ded & burd, he ' lijte lent me by my excellent Friend 

into helle ryd day lliomas Rawlinson, Esq;, as 

he ras fram de]> to lyue. may appear from this note, that 

he 4 stey into h. & here he / have written at the begin. 

sit on ader ryjt ^^^^ ^j ^„^ q^^^^ u This 

side, fro ^ benne he a 77 ; r i, , i ^ 1 . 

, ' , -^ , A J Book I purchased to day 

bond A IS to comyng to ° de- ,, ^r, , , .. j' n 

», M A I. A ^ (Febr. 22. 172|.) out of Dr. 

me pe quike and pe dede ... *■ + / j 

I bileue in >e Iloligost, and " Charlett's Study. It former. 

in the holy chirche, 7 hale- " ^y belonged to the learned 

wene in coraune, of synne for " Mr. William Fulman. Tho* 

gyuenesse, Fleschlyche arysyng ^' / have two other Copies of 

to >e lyf wi> outen ende. The a The Vision of Pierce Plow- 

other Commandments are want. u ^^n, of this Edition, yet 

ing. The Points are put to u the Crede of Pierce Plowman 

sheio that a little Bit of the Skin ,, , i • 1. t ^ * 

:' " (upon which I set a great 

IS zoanting, being either torn t, , . . , , 

or rather eat of. What is ^"^"^^ '' ^^'«"^^'^-"- "' ^''^^' 

over the line is by another '' I have quoted this Crede both 

{tho' an old) hand of the Reign, ^' «'« "^]/ Ed. o/Guil. Neubrig. 

I think, of Hen. FI. from which *' and in my Glossary to Rob. 

hand is likewise the Note of " of Glouc. from a Copy lent me 

Inductions. And this old Form " by Thomas Rawlinson, Esq;". 

'Born of the maid Mary. ' For, tholied, i. t. suffered, from the Saxon Jjollan ferre, 
lolerare. 3 Alighted, descended, from the Sax. Iihcan or alihcan, desilire, descend- 
ere. * Ascended, fro7u the Sax. yti^a,n, asccndere, conscendere, scandere. ^ Thence, 

' Judge. 7 Of Saints. 

Vol. ir. 



Bui because the Reader per, son, here transcribe it, that 

haps mat/ be desirous of see. it may be the better compa- 

tng the form of this Creed, red with what I have printed 

as the Ploughman is there from Mr. Ward's 3IS. Fra- 

taught ity I shall, for that rea. gment. 

f ' Leue thou in oure * louered God, that al the werld wrought 

holy i heuen erth on hey, hoi iche he fourmede 

and is almighty hym self, ouer alle his werkes. 

and wrought as 4 is wil was, the werld, and the heuen. 

and on gentil Jesu Christ, engendred of him seluen 

his owen onlyche sone, lord ouer all yknowen. 

That was clenlich conceiued clerly in trewthe 

Of the heye holy gost, this is the J hoi ybelyue. 

and of the maiden Marie, man was he born 

with outen synful seed, this is fully thebyleue. 

with thorn ycrouned, crucified, and on the ores dycde, 

and 6 sythen his blessed body was in a stone byried. 

and descended a doun to the derk helle. 

and fet out oure 7 formfaders, and ^ hy ful » fayn weren. 

The thyrd day redeliche him self ro9 from deeth. 

and on a: ston there he stod, he '° steigh up to heuene,. 

and on his fader right hand, redclich he sitteth, 

That almighty god " our alle other ** whyghtes. 

and is hereafter to commen, Christ al him seluen 

To 'J demeri' the quyke and the dede, withouten any doute. 

• Believe. « Lord. 3 Ileneneth on hey, holiiche in Mr. Rawlinson'a Copy^ imprinted 
at London by Reynold Wolfe, anno Domini. M.D.L. IIL whereat my Copy was itnpr. 
at London by Owen Rogers, dwelling betwixt both Sainct BarthelmeweSf at the tigne of 
the Spread Eagle, A. D. (as I have noted before) M.D.LXJ. the XXI. daye of the 
Moneth of Februaryc. * Jlis. & Holy bcl'cue Cod. Raiel. ^ After, afterwards. 1 Fore- 
fathers. * They. 9 Glad. '" Ascended. " Ouer Cod. Rawl. Mr. Fulntak hath'writteti 
m the margin of my Copy, ore, i. e. over. '» Creatures. '3 Judge. 


and in the heighe holy goSt, holly I beleue. 

and general holy chirche also hold this in the mynde. 

The communion of saintes for soth I to the ' sayii. 

and for our great sinnes * forginenes for to gelten 

and only by Christ clenlich to be clensed. 

Our Bodies again to risen right as we been here 

and the liif euerlasting 3 leue ich to habben. Amen. 

het, commanded. 

hete, promise^ offered^ promised. 

hej>ing, mockery. 

hette, promise^ promised. 

heued, head. 

heuest, harvest. 

heuyed, heavied, grew heavy., sic- 
kened, fainted. 

hew, heza^d, threw, cut. in tuo hew, 
cut in two. 

he we, hewed, cut. 

hewes, hews, cuts, hacks. 

heyle, health, healing, recovery. 

heyng, hung, hanged. 

hiderward, hitherto. 

h idnes, fear, caution, secret places. 

hidous, hideous,horrible,dreadJull. 

hie, hie, hasten, to the kyng gan 
hir hie, to the king she began io 

high, called. 

hight, called, was called, were call- 
ed, promised, permitted. 

hii, high. 

Hillariraesse, Hilary v/tdss, Hi- 
lary tide. 

hilled, high. 

him, them, themselves, him, him. 
self, he, it. 

him sieluen, himself. 

hime, p. 227. (pro hine.; hinder- 
ance, ab A. Sax. hynan, impe- 

Hingland, England. 

hir, p. 303. him, and the stroke 
indeed in the MS. shews, that 
it should be read him. 

hire, her, herself, to her. 

hir seluen, her self. 

his, hath, his, their, he^ her. his 
body did )>ei leie, /;. 248. her 
body did they lay. Richard his 
his spie, p. 187. Richard hath his 
spies, hie nimirum utroque 
sensu, tarn so. hath quam his, 
adeo ut prius his in has 
mutandum esse conjecerim. 

hise, his, his people, his^n, quam 
posteriorem voccm quantum- 
vis corruptam barbaramque 
esse censeant homines elegan- 
tiores, rede tamen se habere 
contenderim ; id quod etiarn 
de multis aliis vocibus, ut- 
cunque apud valgum fere 
tantummodo in usu, dicendum 
hit, it. 
hiJ7en, hence. 

Satf. « Forgiuenes Cod. Rateh » Believe 1 to have. 




ho, he. 

hoddon, had. 

hodred, tired. 

hogge, huge, from the Saxon 05a, 

horror, timer, fear, dread* 
hold, holding, held, accounted, rec* 

koned, hold, confirm, grant. 
holdand, holding. 
holden, accounted, held. holden 

hard, judged of hardly. 
holdes, holdest. 
hole, wholly. 
holelyche, wholly. 
holle, whole. 
holpon, holpen, helped. 
holy, wholly. 
holyche, wholly. 
home, house. 
hond, hand. 
hondeSj hounds. 
hondns, hands. 
honeste, honour; but in Num XV. 

of the Appendix to my Pref. it 

signifies honourable. 
hongen, hanged. 
honne, disgrace, reproach. 
hoole, whole. 
hooly, wholly, fullj/. 
hopes, ihinkest, hopest. 
hose, house. 
hote, promise, offered, hot, warm. 

hote is dette j^ing, promise is a 

thing that is a debt. 
hotte, hold, hold fast. 
hottes, huts. 
hous, houses, 
how, p. 268. lo! how. 
hulk, hulk, cover, Ij/e, lodge, ab 

Anglo.Sax, huld, cubile, tugu- 

hund; hound. 

hunde, hound. 
hy, kast. 

hyng, hang. 
hyngand, hanging. 


Japht, Japhet. 

jentille, gertteel, fine, gallants 

Jewise, Jews. 

if, if, whether. 

[l^-) ^y<^^ ^yes. 

ijen, eyes. 

ijene, eyes. 

ilde, isle, island. 

ildes, isles. 

iles, isles, islands. 

ilk, same, each, very, every,, 
the same, ilk del, every whit, 
every bit. ilk a kyng, every 
king, sive each king, ilk a 
gere, every year, ilk a hede,. 
every head, ilkaman, sive ilk 
a man, every man. ilk a side 
vel ilka side, every side, each 
side, ilk a dele vel ilka dele 
sive ilkadele, every jot, on every 
part, every side, on every side, 
every one, every tvhit, altoge.^ 
ther, in every respect, every bit, 
every scrap, every thing, every 
part. \ei lede j^e ilk a dele^ 
they lead thee just us they 
please. at the coronment ilk 
dele, at every part of the co- 
ronation. ilk a, every, every 
a. ilka del, on every side. ilk 
dele, on every side, every 
whit, every jot, quite and clean, 
every part, every side, altoge. 
ther, by all means, ilk a Cristen 



Man, every Christian man. ilk 
a lordyng, every lording or 
iord. ilk a schrewe, everi/ shrew. 
ilk a toun vel ilka toun, every 
town, ilk a Pikard, every Pi- 
card, ilk a cuntre, ever'y coun- 
try, ilk a taile, every tail, every 
man. oa ilk a way, on every 
side, every waj/s. ilk a schire, 
every shire, ilk a flok, every 
flock, ilk a kny^ht, €ZJen/ knight. 
J^at ilk seele, the ver^ seal, ilk a 
htik, every stick, every bit. ilk 
a day, every day. ])at ilk wais, 
that in like manner, ilk a coste, 
every coast, each coast, 

ilkadele, see ilk. 

ilkan, every one. 

ilkon, everj/ one, each one. 

ilkone sive ilk one, every one, each, 
each one, alt. 

m, in, 6|C. in on, at once, in present, 
at present, in clos, inclosed. 
in born, born in, by birth. 

ine, in, eyes. 

inferd, p. 23, (fearless.) quod si 
disjunctim legas in ferd. f quern, 
iidinodum plane tegendum esse 
existimo,) tunc erit, in a fright. 
Vide ferd. 

Inglis, English. 

Inlond, England. 

inouh, enough. 

inow, enough, many, very many. 
oj^er inow, a great many 

inowe, enough. 

in tille, into. 

intyssementj inticemenl. 

Inwitte, conscience, at myn in,, 
witte, biU in my conscience. 

jolif, jolly. 

jolifte, jollity. 

Joppyn, Joppa. 

iorae, journey, days journey ^ ad' 

iorned, adjourned. 

jornes, battles. Auht jornes he 
wan, he got eight batties. 

Josep, Joseph. 

journez, journey, tuo journez, 
two days journey. 

joynt, joyned. 

ire, anger. 

iren, iron. 

Iris, Irish. 

irke, laborious, noeary. to praie 
J7ei suld not irke, they should not 
cease (or, it should not tire them) 
to pray. 

frus, Irish. 

is, is, art, 

isshen, issue, rush. 

it, yet, it. for it, because. 

Jiierie, Jewry, Jews. 

justise, justice, try, judge, to judge ^ 
govern, have jurisdiction over^ 
governour, justices, administrar 
tion. If I rayghtthe paemie ja- 
stise J'am ilkone. If I might 
govern every one of the pagans, 

justise of lawe, justices of law, 
judges of law. 

justiseles, without justice. 

Juwet, Judith. 

Juwise, Jews. 

iys, ice, with ice. 

kam, came. 

A A 3 Kame, 



Kame, Cane or Cae7i in Norman. 

kamen, came. 
Kampedene, p. 2. a place so called 

in which a great Vict or y was 
obtained by K. Jna over the 

In a grete Daneis felde J?er jiei samned alle, 
J7at euer siJ7en hiderward Kampedene men kalle. 

Nor is the French otherwise : 

En le chaump Danays touz sunt assemblez, 

Qepus eel houre en sea [yel ca,, sivecea-l estCampedene nomez. 

So that, according to this Au- 
thor, Campden is Campus Da- 
norum, Danes Field or Danish 
Field; and I do not doubt but 
that ^'as the vulgar notion at 
that time. But I rather ' in. 
cline to those, who make Camp- 
den to be a military valley. 
" Campden, tJe/ Camden", [saith 
Dr. Skinner *) " in Com. Gloe. 
" (J. d. Vallis miitaris, ab AS. 
" Camp, Pugna, Cempa, Miles, 
" Sf Den, Vallis, ab hoc oppido 
*' turn illustris Gens supraci. 
" tata, turn eximius noster An- 
" tiquarius nomcn traxerunt". 
Especially since Mr. Somner, 
in his Saxon Dictionary, ex- 
pressly fells us, that camp or 
campe, is bellum, castra. warre, 
a camp; that cempa, is miles, 
agonista, manipularis, tyro, a 

souldier, a champion, a comba- 
tant, a trouper, a novice, a fresh 
water souldiqr; and that Den is 
vallis, a valley, a vale, a <lale. Cto 
omit the other Signijications 
of iVs being cubile. a couch, 
a den ; and locus invius, sylves- 
tris, asper & incultus, porcisque 
& pecudibus pascendis accom- 
modus. a Forest.) Sir Robert 
Atkins indeed is pleased to note 
J of Campden in Gloucestershire^ 
which is the same with our 
Kampedene, that it is so called 
from a Camp, near that Place, 
where a Battle had been former- 
ly fought, without expressing, at 
the same time, ichat the latter 
Syllable of the Word denotes^ 
as thinking that it teas sufficient, 
ly knozcn. And he had just 

» Coll. nostr. MSS. Vol. IO61 p. 112. ' Etymolog. Onomast. voc. Campden. 
tnent and pr..icnt Staic of GlostersMre^ p. 309. 



reason to think so, since there 
•are so many Deans in Eng. 
land, that from their very na. 
tare all shew what the mean- 
ing of that Term is; which 
puts me in mind of a very 
pleasant valley called Cookham 
Dean, {in the Parish of Cook- 

ham) in Berks, which 


near Maidenhead in that Coun- 
ty, so, withall, 'tis but at a 
little distance from Great- 
Marlow in Buckinghamshire, 
which is a very pleasant, tho' 
very poor Market-Town ; uhere 
however there is plenty of Fish, 
Corn and Wood, whence the 
People of Great. Mai low com- 
tnonly say: Here is Fish for 
catching, Corn for snatching, 
and Wood for fetching. And 
now upon writing these parti- 
.cula>\s, I KanKot but observe, 
fhat Kinepten, near ArjtdoveK in 
JJampshire, seems to me to be 
the same with Kempton. It 
zcas usual to change e into i. 
The Syllable ton for toun is 
very common. Nor will what 
I note seem at all improbable 
to those, that shall consider, 
that the Parish of Kimpton, 
as lam informed (for I never 
saw it my self) by the pre- 
sent learned Rector thereof, the 
Reverend Mr* George Green- 
way, is encompassed with Ro. 
man camps, ways, &c. on every 

side, and that Roman Urns and 
Coins, and other Curiosities 
have been frequently discovered 
thereabouts. Two Urns, have 
been found in the Parish since 
Mr. Gi^eenway came to it, one 
a Sepulchral Urn with bones 
in it, and several teeth as firm 
<is ever he saw, that he gave 
to the Earl of Burlington. In 
the other were many Coins 
found, seven of which, viz. 
one of Silver, the others of 
Brass or Copper, Mr. Green, 
way was pleased to give me. 
That of Silver is of Julian the 
Apostate, on the obverse or face 
side of which is, FL CL IVLI- 
ANVS PF AVG Juliani Apos- 
tataj caput diad. 


voTjs ^ . ; 

^ f intra coronum 

MULTIS \ f'"i'Z' ^"' 
^ ^ fra LVG 

This, as I take it, is of the year 
361. when Julian ■ became sole 
Emperour, upon the J)eath of 
his Couzin Gerriqn Fl. Julius 
Constantius, and is different 
from another scarce Silver one of 
tjie s^me Julian's, that ivas given 
me by my excellent Friend, Rich- 
ard Graves, of Mickleton, in 
Gloucestershire, Esq;, on the 
face of which is, DN CL JULL 
ANVS AVG Juliani cap. diad. 

Duct. nnsl. Ilht. Vol. II. p. 159, 161. 
A A 4 




in corona quercea, zchich is (as 
I think) of the Year 360, a'/tc« 
Julian was declared Augustus 
in Gaul, and is the very year 
when he apostatiz'd. Under 
the Corona quercea is T CON 
that is, percussa Constantinopo- 
li, T being put for P, unless 
CON be Constantia, Mediobar- 
bus having one in that very 
year withT. CONSTANTIA, 
tho^ he hath not any one ex. 
actly the same zcith this given 
me by Mr. Graves. Two of 
the six Brass ones (given me 
by Mr. Greenway) are of the 
said Constantius ; the others 
are of Faustina, {icife of Mar. 
cus Antoninus) Claudius Go- 
ihicus, Constantine the Great 
and Valens, but are much ob. 
litterated and defaced, and not 
of so good account as either 
that I have described of J u. 
lian (iihich is scarce, and not 
in Occo or Mediobatbus) or 
two Silver ones found in the 
same Urn of Gratian very well 
preserved, which Mr. Green. 
way gave the E. of Winchel- 
sea, having on their Reverse 
a Trophy with VIRTVS EX- 
ERCITVS, tihich Mr. Green. 

way supposes was a complex 
ment to the Army, which had 
here saluted him Emperour. 
But I should rather ascribe it 
to some Victory that he had 
obtain-d against the Saxons 
in Gaul in the year 370. since 
I find, that Occo is of the same 
opinion, zchen in p. 509. of the 
folio Ed. of his Book of Coins 
he writes thus, with respect to 
a Coin with the same reverse, 
Saxones in Galliis irrumpentes, 
cum Patre Valentiniano repellit 
Gratianus, placing it A. V. C. 
1122. Christi 370. at which 
time Gratian was tnuch belov. 
ed in Britain, tho' not so some 
Years after, nhen Magnus 
Maximiis was declared Angus, 
tus there, and treacherously 
caused Gratian to be murder, 
ed. After I had writ zehat 
goes before, I took occasion 
to mention Dr. Skinner that 
excellent EtymologisVs Account 
of Campden to the 
tioned Mr. Graves, who soon 
after sent me a Letter, fraught 
with curious Notices of things, 
as the Reader may be pleased 
to see in the Appendix ' to my 
Preface. Upon occasion of 
which Letter of Mr. Graves's, 
it may be here farther re. 
markUl, that Denton-Court, in 
the Parish of Cumnor near 
Abbington in Berks, was not 

Num. XX. 



so denominated from the Danes, 

as several have suggested, but 

from it^s being situated in a 

Fallet^. In old time there 

xsere at that place several little 

Cottages, all ichich together 

were stiled Denton, i. e. a Town 

in the Valley, but a Manoiir 

House, caWd frequently in 

those days curtis or court, being 

at length built there, it zsas 

afterwards, as 'tis to this time, 

call'd Dcnton.Court ; of vchich 

kind of Courts there was a vast 

number formerly, which were 

likewise stiled sometimes cassati, 

a zsord by which also the Saxon 

hiba is translated in Heming^s 

Chartulary of the Church of 

Worcester '. These curtes zceve 

also in old time often called 

mansae, and indeed either curtes 

or mansa; was a proper appeL 

lation enough for the old Halls 

in Oxford, I mean even the three 

famous ones of King A^lfred, 

as well as the vast number 

besides that were there, tzoo of 

which were King's. Hall and 

Black. Hall in the Parish of St, 

Gyles, as they are mentioned by 

the famous Mr. Miles Windsore, 

zcho specifies these two (and 

there were others besides) us far 

more ancient than Great or Mi. 

chell University Hall, Quia 

fuerant ali^ longe antiquiores, 

nempe Reg'ia & nigra in parochia 
Scti. iEgidii, are Mr. Wind- 
sore's Words, as I find them 
written in the margin just op. 
posite to these (xshich are the 
first) Words of Assertio an- 
tiquitatis Oxoniensis Academias : 
" Collegium Universitatis, 

" quod pnmum magna unim 
*' versitatis aula uppellaba- 
*' tur'\ The said Words are 
of Mr. Windsore's own hand 
writing, and indeed the zshole 
Book, {which I very lately pur~ 
chas'd,) containing the first 
Edition of Londinensis',? two 
Books de Antiquitate Cantabri- 
giensis Academiae, as zeell as the 
sf«'rf Assertio, is full of marginal 
Notes and Strictures, several of 
which are very good, by Mr. 
Windsore, for which reason 
I set the greater value upon it, 
these Notes fully convincing ?)ie, 
that the Author had studied the 
Antiquities of Oxford to very 
good purpose, and I do not 
doubt but he furnished Mr. 
Tuyne with many Things thai 
were made use of by him in his 
Apology, which will not seem ai 
all a zconder to those, that con^ 
sider, that Mr. Windsore was 
well acquainted with Mr. Tho. 
mas Key, the Author of the 
Assertio, and had engaged to 

Pag. 408, 409. 



defend him, for which end he 
had also got (it may he from 
Mr. Key himself) a Defence of 
the Assertio, as Mr. Key had 
drawn it up, tho' it teas never 
yet printed ; and this Defence 
is that very MS. that Mr. Wood 
speaks • of under this Title : 
Examen judicii Cantabrigiensis 
cujusdam, qui se Londinensem 
dicit, nuper de origine utriusque 
Acadeiniaj lati, several MSS. 
Copies of which he tells us went 
about from hand to hand. But 
the very best Copy in the World 
is that which I now have, being 
the very original Book of the 
Author, containing a printed 
Copy of the first Ed. of Lon- 
dinensis and the Assertio, with 
abundance of MSS. Strictures 
upon Londinensis, and some 
MSS. Additions to the Asser- 
tio, and at the End is added 
the said Examen consisting of 
many Sheets under this Title, 
Aninmdversiones aliquot in Lon- 
dinensis de antiquilate Cantabri- 
giensis Academiae libros duos. 
The idiole Work is just as Mr. 
Key intended to have published 
it (for he would have reprinted 

Londinensis too) had he not been 
prevented by death. All the 
MSS. Things are neatly and 
correctly written, and His this 
Book I had an Eye to, zohen, in 
my Preface ^ to Sprotti Chronica, 
/ promised to print Mr. Key^s 
Examen, which I still design 
to do, if other Things do not 
obstruct. But to return to 
manss, although, as I have said, 
this zcas a Word often used 
for curtes, yet we must not take 
it in that sense in pag. 101. of 
the first Vol. of the Monasticon 
Anglicanum, where we are in- 
formed, that Kenulf, King of 
the Mercians, Anno D. 821. 
being the eleventh 5 of his Reign 
(which does not agree with the 
Accounts, that make him begin 
his Reign Anno 796, ajid to dye 
Anno 819 4 or 820 s,) gave 15 
mansae i?i Cullanhamme, or Cu. 
lanhom, now calVd Culham, to 
the Abbey of Abbington, which 
mansae tho^ they were houses to 
ichich lands (Papias says 6 12 
Acres) nere annexed, yet they 
were too small to be termed cur- 
tes, which Word hozcever agreed 
properly enough to Manours 

*Athen. Oxon. Vol, I, col. 137. • §• 16. ' Jn another place of the Monast. viz. p. 
JOO. V/s the2bth., which will answer to what I here remark of his beginning his Reign A". 
796. ♦ TabuleeChron. adjinemDi AndretB Fonntaine Diss, de Nummis Anglo-Sax. 8? 
Anglo-Dan. * Ductor Hist. Vol. II. p. 301. « Du-Fresne in Gloss, media: i) i nf. Lat. 
voc. Mansus. 




or mansa capitalia, as it did 
likezcise to religious cells, such 
as that (which belonged to Jb. 
bington) at Bradanfeld, (which 
I take to be Bradjield in the 
Hundred of Theale near Read, 
ing in berks,) that the Monas- 
ticon calls " a monastery, and 
is said there to have been built 
by King Ina. 

kan, prevailed. 

kank, p. 187. batik. Sf quidem 
bank reponendum esse con- 

kant, couragious. 

karke, charge, care. 

karole, dance. 

kas, chance. 

kast, cast, throw. 

kastand, casting. 

katched, snatched, coursed, catch, 
ed, chased, hunted. 

kauce, causey, from the old 
French caussie, which signifies 
strewed with Chalk or Flint, 
and His commonly taken with 
us for a High-way, or Bank 
raised in Marshy Ground for 
Foot.Passage, tho' even some- 
times the Ways for Horse- 
Passage are also known by this 
Name, such as that beyond 
Fryer Bacon's Study by Ox. 
ford. Causetum is one expres. 
sion for it in the middle-aged 
Latin Writers ; but His written 
caucetum in my Lord Bruce''s 

MS. of John of Glastonbury. 

Kelion, Carleon in Wales. 

kemse, p. 122. shift, smock. This 
is the common signification of 
the Word, but it being here 
made use of, upon account of 
the Empress Maud's escaping 
out of the Castle of Oxford, 
it must denote a white garment 
over her smock, as even the 
Latin camisia a/*o (from whence 
tis taken) and the Greek xapo-ioy, 
signified a pricsVs white Gar. 
ment, or, as we now call it, 
a Surplice, as zcell as a smock 
or shift. And this interpre. 
tation is justify'd from the 
word smok, made use of in this 
Chronicle immediately before. 
The Author says, that the Em. 
press, being blocked up in the 
Castle, entered upon a strange 
adventure. For, as he tells 
us, soon after Midnight she 
went out in her Smock, in the 
midst of the Snow, over the 
Thames, that was frozen, with, 
out kirtle or kemse, that is, 
without either gown or linnen 
garment over her smock, and 
having nothing over her face 
but her kerchief. If we do not 
take it in this sense, we must 
(what will be very absurd) sup. 
pose,that she went toWullingford 
stark nakedj whereas his men. 

Vol. I. p. 100. 



Honing the word smok before 
shews the contrary. And in- 
deed Robert of Gloucester 
{p. 463.) expressly tells 
us, that she put on white 
(.loath s ; signifying thereby^ 
that she had some other gar- 
ment of a white colour besides 
her smock, which must be the 
kemse or caraisia specify^ d here. 
And 'lis remarkable, that the 
Greeks distinguish\l the Smock 
from the other linnen garment, 
by terming the Smock vwovM^iaiov 
or I'zao'x^iTbiv, and the other ;£ap!noy 
or ytTuv. But whereas the Au- 
thor of the prose MS. Chro- 
nicle, in Mr. Ward of Long- 
bridge's hands, taken from 
Robert of Gloucester, says, 
that she and her retinue 
c loathed themselves in white 
Sheets, I think, he took too 
great liberty with Robert of 
Gloucester, as he did likewise 
(ill along both in curtailing 
him, and in icsing zoords which 
the original sense will not of. 
ten bear. But the Passage in 
that MS. (that the curious 
Reader may judge of it) is 
this : Alle ' this batailes was 
done in the sixt yere of kynge 
Stephen's regiie. Kynge Ste- 
phen then evir was in a wayte 
to gete the Emperes, and she 

was in the Castelle of Oxen- 
forde. The kynge come thedre, 
and set stronge siege to the 
Castelle. And at that tyme 
was so grete Frost and Snowe, 
that the water wold bere a 
wayne, charged with her lode. 
And vppon a nyght the Empe- 
res thoght hir vppon a wile, 
and toke vppon hir and hir 
* pryve meyny white shetes, and 
so stale out at a Postorne, 
and Avent vppon the ise ovir 
Temes, and so forth to Wa- 
lyngforde. And when the kynge 
liad goten the Castelle, he 
fonde not hir there. And ther- 
fore he was right wroth, and 
robbed the Countre in euery 
quarter. For white shetes 'tis 
Avhite lynen cloth in the chroni- 
cle called Brute of England. 
For thus in the valuable (tho' 
very imperfect) MS. thereof, 
that was given me by my in- 
genious Friend Mr. William 
Burman of Christ-Church : And 
Avhanne he \_K. Stephen^ was 
come out of prison \_at Bri- 
stol,'] he went to Oxinford, & 
biscged ]7e Emperesse, that ^ 
tho was in that toun, and \e 
seege dured from Mighelmasse 
vnto seint Andrewes tide. And 
the Emperesse j^o lete hir 

' See Rob. of Glouc. p. 462. = Privy retinm. 3 Then. 




clothe alle in white lyuen cloth, 
for ' encheson that she wold 
nought ben knowen, for in that 
tyme j^er was moche snow, and 
so she ascaped away bi Ta- 
myse from hir enemyes, and 
from thennes she went to VVal. 
yngford, and ]»er hir helde, and 
Je Kyng wold haue biseged 
hir, but he had so moche to 
done wi]? the erl Randolf of 
Chestre, and wij? Bigott that 
strongly werred vpon him in 
euery place, that he ' ne -wist 
•whither for to turne, and Jje 
Erl of Gloucestre halp hem 
•wi)» his power. And in an old 
Vellum MS. Chronicle, in Tri. 
nity-College Library Oxford, 
ascribed by Dr. Powell {to 
zohom it belongUl) to John 
Bever, ^tis albiB vestes. For 
thus that MS. 3 Anno regis Ste- 
phani septimo idem rex cbsedit 
imperatricem in urbe Oxon. a 
festo Sancti Michaelis usque ad 
Natale domini cuucta extrinse- 
cus devastando. Invalescenteita- 
que inedia, Imperatrix, albis 
yestibus cooperta, perThamisiam 
congelatam & nive conspersam 
evasit usque ad Wallingfordiam. 
Nam oculi obsedencium pt r nivis 
reverberacionem delusi ei.iiit, 
& sic urbs ista regi reddita est. 
This escape of the Empress is 
one of the most considerable 

Passages in all our English 
Uistoryy and it ought to be 
ascribed to the divine Providence, 
She was intirely belov\l by the 
University and Toz&n of Oxford, 
who were persons of too good 
sense and too much honesty 
heartily to approve of K. Ste- 
phen, who was an Usurper. 
The Town was a very strong 
place, and the Castle looked 
upon as impregnable. There 
was no coming hither by reason 
of the depth of the Waters alt 
about, as is well observed by 
Robert de Mo?ite. And yet 
such teas the Intrepidity of K. 
Stephen, that he forced his way 
through the depth of the Waters 
into the Town, and immediately 
attacked the Castle, where the 
Empress zcas inclosed with a 
great number of gallant meit 
[several of which were Scho- 
lars) and Ladies to assist her. 
K. Stephen did not doubt but to 
take her prisoner, but afterabove 
two Months Siege of the Castle, 
(for noiidthstanding what the 
Trinity-College MS. and other 
Writers say, the City was taken 
long before the Castlg) he was 
quite baffled. For Just as 
she was as it were starved for 
want of Provisions, she made 
her miraculous Escape (with 

0«(amn, » Knew ni^t. ^ FjI.MI. a. 



a very few Attendants) God 
Almighty having heard the 
Prayers both of her self and 
her Friends. K. Stephen was 
extremely vex'd and enraged, 
when he found himself dis- 
appointed. She went over 
the Snow and Ice directly by 
Kennington to Rodley now 
called Radley {where there was 
a Rode in those times') and so 
to fVallingford, a wonderfull 
strong Castle^ where she se- 
cured her self. K. Stephen 
presently pursues her, zcith a 
design to besiege her, but was 
obliged to give over his pur- 
pose for the present to mind 
other Troubles, with which he 
was surrounded, and he did not 
resume his undertaking 'till 
two or three years afterwards, 
zchen he besieged Wallingford 
In good earnest, and built the 
Castles of Cromish and Bright- 
well (that vsere afterwards de- 
inolished by K. Henry II.) in 
opposition to the Empress at 
Walling fold, and yet at last 
was forced to quit his Attempt, 
and to leave the Empress, whom 
God Almighty wutck'd over, to 
the utter confusion of the tyran- 

nical Usurper, who was the 
more vex^d because he found the 
people of Wallingford, as well 
as those at Oxford, in the 
Interest of the Empress, for 
whose security they had also 
fortify''d their very houses, 
which might, for that reason, 
be properly stiled hagas, as 
they were in the time of K. 
Edward the Confessor, when the 
Town ', according to Domesday 
Book *, consisted of Fill. vir. 
gats of Land, containing 276. 
hagje, 8 of which were after- 
wards destroyed for the Castle. 
By which it appears, that Wal- 
lingford even then (and it had 
been bigger in former times, 
before it had suffered so much 
from the Danes) contained three 
hundred and twenty acres of 
grou7id, every virgat compre- 
hending fourty acres, as is plain 
from the following Note, in an 
old hand, at the end of John of 
Glastonbury''s History or Chro- 
nicle of Glastonbury, that I 
have now before ine, by the 
favour of the Rt. honourable the 
Lord Bruce, who was pleased ta 
lend me the MS. 

Decern acrae faciunt ferdellum. 
Quatuor fardella faciunt virgatam unam. 

C<.ll. nostr. BISS. Val 107. p. 

Seep. 763. of Dr. Gale's XV. Scriptores. 



Quatuor virgatae faciunt hidam unam. 
Quatuor hidae feodum unum faciunt. 


Fardel lum 
Acrae i. 



hi da. 

Which Note I the more readilj/ 
insert here, because His the ac- 
count the Abbey of Glastonbury 
isent by. So that whereas His 
said in Domesday Book ', that 
Ashbury{in theCounty of Berks) 
which belong' d to the Monastery 
of Glastonbury, (the Manour 
of Ashbury, containing fourty 
hides, being given to it by £- 
dred* King of the JVest-Saxons, 
the same that is mentioned in 
pag. 33. of this work) had a 
Church and Priest, to whom ap~ 
pertained one Hide (Ibi Ecclesia 
& Presbyt. habent 1 Hyd. & 4 
servos ^, or Ibi Ecclesia & pres- 
biter habens 1 hid. & 4 servi ♦) 
we must understand by it, that 
the Parson there had an hun. 
dred and sixty acres of Land, 
which was a noble thing, and 
enabled him to keep hospita- 
lity and to give away in Cha- 
rity. But not only Glaston- 


um unum 


btiry, but other places, went 
by the same account, tho^ in 
several places {as a Yard-land 
now also varies) there were 
differences ; notwithstanding 
which, where the Church and 
Religion were concerned, there 
was a certainty, and they were 
guided by the before mentioned 
explication. And His by that 
interpretation that I would ex. 
plain the same terms, when they 
occur in Domesday. So that 
whereas His, in that old and 
most valuable Register s, said, 
that Shottesbrooke in Berkshire 
contained 7 hides, I would un, 
derstand thereby one thousand 
one hundred and twenty acrei : 
And whereas, in the same ve- 
nerableMonumentof Antiquity ^ 
His said, that that part of 
AbboC s.Waltham {now com. 
monly called White WaL 
tham) which belonged to the 

' Coll. nostr. MSS. Vol. 99. y. 111. • Sic in Johannis Glastoniensis Chronica sine 
Ilistoria de rebus Glastoniensibus, MS. 3 Jta in dicto Vol. Coll. nostror. e Coll. nimirum 
€/. Harbinii. * Sicut in Codice Ashmoliano, prout in Coll. nostr. MSS. vol. 107. p. 
36. meoMJ. ^ S*t Leland't Jtin. vol. JX. p. IH9. ^ Lg land's It in. ibid. 




Abbey of Cliertsey^ contain' d 10 
hides^ I would thereby under. 
stand one thousand six hundred 
acres, without any regard to 
the three hides of Land which 
the same Book tells ' us be- 
longUl, in Bernesh Hundred 
(by which one would gather, 
that it was also part of AbboVs 
or White. PValtham, which is in 
Bernesh Hundred, whereas Lau- 
rence. JValtham is in the hun- 
dred of Wargrove) to the 
Bishop of Durham, and con. 
tain^d, according to this Ex- 
plication, four hundred and 
eighty acres. And moreover, 
whereas the same Register in- 
forms us, that Cumnor {in 
Berks) which belonged, and al. 
ways did belong, to the Abbey 
of Abbington, contaiifdin Edzo. 
the Confessor's time 50 * hides, 
and but 30 in K. William the 
Conqueror^s, the meaning is, 
that in the former King^s time 
it consisted of eight thousand 
acres, in the latter''s of only 
four thousand eight hundred. 
Yet it must be granted, that as 
there were great Alterations be. 
tween K. Edward the Confess, 
or^s time and the reign of Wil. 
Ham the Conqueror {otherwise 
Cumnor could not have been so 
much lessened) so there have 

been much greater since the 
Conqueror'' s time; so as to 
have even very considerable 
Changes with respect to Coun- 
ties, Hundreds and Parishes, 
Hozo else comes it to pass, that 
Cookham, near Maidenhead in 
Berks, now gives name to a 
Hundred, whereas in the Con. 
queror^s time it was reckoned 
in Bernesh Hundred? For thus 
in that Register ^ : In Bernes 
Hund. Rex tenet Codieham in 
Dominio. Rex E. tenuit. Tunc 
20ti. hidae, sed nunquam geld. 
Terra est 25. car. And here, 
without doubt, some Readers 
will be apt to inquire, what the 
true meaning of the word haga 
is? In answer to which I shall 
here transcribe what Mr. Som. 
ner notes about the word haej 
in his Saxon Dictionarj/, viz. 
'' Hasg. Sepes, septum, a hedge. 
*' Hinc Latino.barbarorum 
" haia, pro septo. Cassis, vel 
" tendicula nobis hodieque, a 
" hay to catch conies. Hage, 
'' & hagen tot oppidorum Teu. 
'* tonicorum nominibus hinc 
" annexum. Upon which ac- 
count I would translate the word 
haga in Domesday always by 
hedge (some perhaps would 
rather use haw, hay, or hack) 

' Ibid. ' Sic in MS. exemplari Ashmoliano, 
notaviin Coll.MSS^ Vol. 101, p. 36. 

^Sicut in exemplari Ashmoliano, uti 



and not, as others do, house, 
so as there were in Walling- 
ford 276 hedges in the time 
of E. Conf. 8 of which were de- 
stroy'd for the Castle, that was 
built by K. William Conq. in 
lieu of an older Castle, that had, 
I suppose, been originally built 
by the Romans, tho' utterly 
destroyed by the Danes. Which 
hedges were made of (vviihia) 
twigs, wattles, S)C. and from 
thence our fences of closes, 
grounds, and fields are now sti- 
led by the same name; but then 
being covered at the top fit 
for lodging, (just as the an- 
cient cassati, which had land 
annex'd, were) they are com- 
monly translated houses, as if 
dnnus and haga were really the 
same kind oflnclosure or Fence, 
whereas haga or hedge was of 
a more ordinary kind of work, 
tho' generally large, as may 
appear not only from their be- 
ing call'd curies in Heming's 
Chartulary of the Church of 
^V'orcester ', but from the pre- 
sent site of Wallingford Castie, 
Avhich is about five Acres, and 
shews that formerly an haga or 
hedge (.viuce eight haga; only 
were pull'd down and destroy'd 
for building it) was of a consi- 
derable extent and compass. But 
now whereas the word domus 

instead of haga occurrs in Do- 
mesday Book, where it speaks 
of Oxford, as I take it we are 
thereby to understand, that the 
Buildings of Oxford were far 
better than those at Walling- 
ford. For that I think the true 
signification of domus will war- 
rant, the word really denoting 
Buildings or Inclosures of a much 
better kind than those call'd 
haga:. A thing which may also 
appear from Publius Victor's 
Description of Rome, in which 
tho' the several Wards are re. 
presented as large, yet the Do- 
mus, a word always there used, 
as 'tis also in the old anony- 
mous Description of the same 
City published by Labbe, are 
but few in comparison of the 
Extent of those Wards ; much 
fewer indeed than the Wards of 
the City of Constantinople, de- 
scribed also by another anony- 
mous Author published by the 
same Labbe, and yet the Wards 
of Constantinople were less than 
those of Rome. I should there- 
fore readily conclude, that the 
Domus in Constantinople (for 
that is the Word there used 
also, that of haga being not 
as yet come into fashion) 
were nothing near so big 
nor so fine as those at 
Rome, and yet in both places 

1 Pag. 409. See also my Pref. to that Cliartulary, \. xi. 
Vol. 11. ' B B 




they were of stone, to which 
the word haga cannot proper- 
ly agree, which I look upon 
therefore as one reason, why 
'tis not used with respect to 
Oxford, where they had be- 
gun to have some Stone build- 
ings some time before the Con- 
quest, as may appear from St. 
Grymbald's building St. Peter's 
Church in the East of Stone out 
of Hengesteseiht (commonly call'd 
Hinxey) Quarry, Masons be- 
ing brought for that end out 
of Normandy, at which time 
also instead of hagce other do- 
mils were erected of Stone, and 
the method of building there- 
with being now learned, it soon 
began to be established and prac- 
tised elsewhere, tho' not with- 
out much interruption'. Yet 
tho' I should reckon St. Peter's 
Church among the old Do?nus 
of Oxford, it ought neverthe- 
less by no means to be reck- 
oned in the Taxation of Wil- 
liam the Conq. in which not- 
withstanding I fear the three fa- 
mous Halls were reckoned that 
were built by King yElfred, be- 
cause I find 2, that K. William 
withdrew the Exhibitions that K. 
JElhed had settled upon his 

Schools, tho' others say' that 
K. Harold depriv'd these Schools 
of their Revenue, and tr-tally 
destroy'd the two lesser oi K. 
Alfred's Halls. But be this as 
it will, those Halls ought pro- 
perly to be stiled domus, yet 
perhaps being so much superi- 
or to the generality of build- 
ings then in Oxford, had the 
anonymous author of the De- 
scription of Constantinople seen 
them and described Oxford, 
he would, it may be, have called 
them domus nobilissimcc^ an 
expression he uses vith respect 
to houses of a better kind than 
ordinary. However notwith- 
standing this difierence between 
domus and haga, we cannot de- 
termine for certain how big ge- 
nerally those domus were in 
Oxford. There is no doubt but 
they were large, since Domes- 
day Book 4 tells us, that in Wil- 
liam the Conqueror's time there 
were only 243 domus both with- 
in and without the Walls of Ox- 
ford, besides 20 mural mansions^ 
call'd so because, upon occasion, 
they were obliged to repair 
the Walls (in order to which 
there were there, as well as 

' See my Discourse concerning the Stunsfield tessellated Pavement, at the Beginning of 
the Vlllth. Vol.of Leland's Itin. ^. III. ' Seemy Notesto Sir Joha Spelmaa's Lifeof 
K. j:ifred, p. 196. 3 ibid, p* 197. "^ Gale ut supra, p. 165. 




at old Athens, T£txo7roio* xa» Im- 
s-oiTctt mm e^ywii') tho' it withall 
informs us, that 478 lay in 
Tuins, -which, however, will 
not diminish the notion we 
have of the largeness of those 
domiis, since they seem to have 
been chiefly on the North West 
side of Oxford, even without the 
present City down as far as 
Walton-Well, at which time also 
what is now called St. Giles's 
Church, (formerly the Univer- 
sity Church, in which Convoca- 
tions and Congregations were 
held, as they were afterwards in 
St. Marie's Church ') lay also in 
it's ruins, and was not rebuilt by 
Elwine Fitz-Godegose 'till about 
the time ofiK. Stephen ^. 

ken, knoiOy see, discern, tender- 

kend, understood. 

kende, taught, knew, saw, con. 

kene, keen, sharp^ brisk, bold. 

kenne, see, are sensible. 

kennes, ken, knows, know, see. 

kennys, knows, sees. 

kepand, keeping. Jiat was kepand 
j'e se, that guarded the Sea. 
qe la mare gardait Gall. 

kepe, kept. J'ink & gif Godekepe, 
consider whether God kept it or 

keped, kept. 

kept up, snatcht up. 

kepynj, keeping, withouten ke- 

pyng, without a guard. 
Kerlion, Carleon. 
kest, cast. 
keste, cast, 
kestis, casts. 
kewe, p. 302. knew. Et quidem vzdi 

apud quosdam capan Angl. Sax, 

pro cnapan. 
kid, signify, shew. John Skeltou 

uses it for shew'd in his Image 

of Ypocresy ^ , saying 4, 

The troiith can not be hid 
For it is plainly kid, &c. 

kie, kine, cattle. 

kip, keep, hold. 

kirke, church, the church, to the 

church, kirkes, churches. 
kirkis, p. 320. churche^s. 
kirnels, corners or holes in battle* 

ments, hornworks. 
kirtelle, cyptel, J. Sax. ("tunica,) 

a 'i.uoman''s gown or kirtle, a 

sort of short jacket. 
kith, knowledge, acquaintance, no- 
tice, shew, prove. 
kij^e, shew, to shew. & se what he 

wild kij^e, and see zchat he 

would be at. 
kneland, kneeling. 
knes, knees. 
knew, knew, knewesi, 
knowe, knew. 
kof, boisterous. 
kom, came. 
komaud, cominsr. 

• LelancTs Ilin. Vol. IV. p. 133. » SeeLdand's Itin. Vol II. p. 15. » Of which see 
^dovc in the voord wroke- ■» MS. fvl- 78. b. 

B B 2 komen. 



koraen, come. 

konyng, cunning^ •skilly knowledge. 

kotte, caught, catch'd. 

kouerchef, [from the French cou- 
vre, to cover, and chef, the head'] 
kerchief, a sort of Linen Dress 
formerly worn by Women on 
their Heads, and hence our 
common word handkerchief, 
tho^ not very properly. 

kowe, cozce, a sort of Rhythm so 
called. See couwe. 

kroces, crosses. 

kroken, crack'd. Sed forsitan 
broken reponend. 

kryue, grave. 

kutted, cut, 

kye, she. 

kyghtes, knights. ' 

kyme, comes to, entertains. 

kynde, kind, kindred, blond, fa- 
mily, lineage, birth, right, ge. 
aeration, kin, line, relation, pa- 

kynghtes, knights. 

kyngtes, knights. 

kynrede, kindred, generation. 

kyns, king. 

kythe, kindred, kinsfolk, acquaint,., 
ance, alliance. Ab Ang. Sax. 
cy'S^e, notifia, familiaritas, 


Jad, laid, lead, led, brought, drew. 

ladde, lad, youth. 

lafton, left. 

lage, p. 241. large. 

lak, vice, sin, little, to lak, too 
little, too diminishing, too disho- 

lance, rouse, start, raise, stir up, 
shoot at. a herte ];erof gan 
lance, a hart thereof began they 
to rouse or start, or rather to 
shoot at. 

lang, long. 

lange, language. 

langer, longer. 

langere, longer. 

langest, longest. 

laiigoure, weakness, languishing, 
languishment, pining, droojiing, 
feebleness, faintness, decay of 

lap, lap, fold up. 
rdere, season o 

urn, larder, lardrie, provisions. 
stand, lastini. 

lastell, lasted. 

lat, let. lat it be, let it alone. 

latched, shut up, barred. 

late, lately, let. J^e menace late 
alle be, let all threats be laid 

laten, letten, let. 

lates, les. 

lauh, laze. 

lauht, laught, detested, left. Ab 
Ang. Sax. la^e, loath, sed pag. 
94. met denotat. nam ibi. \e 
stroke he lauht so smerte, i. e. 
he met with the stroke, which 
ivas very smart orsha^y. ab A. 
Sax, nempe la;tan, tolerare, pa- 
ti, impedire. Et sic etiam in 
Appendice ad Prcef. nostr. Num. 
Xiy. ubi, ]Jo jjat were seke & 
lauht scathes, idem est (piod, 
those that were sick and suf- 
fered diseases. 

lawe, laugh. 





lav, lyings laid, doctrine,, 
luiety, luxe, put. 

layen, lay. 

leale, loyal, true, fciilhfull, honest, 
trusty, Jirm. 

Leaus, Lewis, or Lewes, in Sus- 

leaute, loyalty, 

lebardes, libbards, leopards. 

leche, physician. 

led, led, luaidled, tumbled, tossed, 
zcas led or carried, fulle hard 
was he led, full hardly was he 
handled or dealt by. so euelle 
he j^am led, he used them so ill 
or barbarously. 

ledde, brought, lead, might lead. 

lede, bring, lead, carry. 

lees, a lye, lyes, lost. 

lefe, life, livelyhood, loved, be. 
loved, loving, left, lefe & dere, 
loving Cor beloved) and dear 

left, left, avoided, shunned, lived. 

leid, laid. 

leie, laid. 

leke, leek. It was not told a leke, 
It zi'as not looked upon as a 

lele, loyal. 

lemman, [?n all probability from 
the Fretich V aimante, a sioeet. 
heart.'] leman, dear, mistress^ 
concubine, zchore, harlot. This 
Word in old Writings is some, 
times also applyUl to men, as 
zcell as zcomen ; particularly in 
Mr. Sheldon's MS. of the Lives 
of the Saints, zchere zee have 
these Rhythms, in the Life of 
St. Edmund, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, zsho zcas born at 
Abbington, educated at Oxford 
and Paris, zoas even from his 
childhood inclined to Piety and 
Virtue, and zoas a bitter Enemy 
to all manner of Lezfdness : 

Ilis ostasse had a douter, ' J7er he [St. Edmund] was at inne, 
>at louede moche J^is hoU childe, \_St. Edm.] gef - heo hit mijte^ 

Heo 4 ne koj^e ne)?er non oj^er v-it ; heo s fontede forto do 
Folie nigt and dai, gef heo mijte bringe him j^er to. 
Heo 6 badbim, fat hoo ' moste ani^tto his bedde ^ wende. 
}jis holi man9 ne wernede hure nojt, ac dude ase ]-e hende. 

' Where. ' She. ' Git. * Neither spolce of neither any other kneio. s Tryed 
Desired. 7 Mi^/it ine night. * Go. 9 Did nut deny her at all, but did as the kind. 

V. 3 3 Heo 


Heo was glad inow, for » er heo hadde wel ofte. 

A nijt * fo heo sei hure time, to his bedde heo com wel 

Hure clojjes heo dn^e of anon, as rijt is of bedde, 
And naked hure made to crepe in, ac ^ febliche hure 

For Seint Edmund hadde a smarte 4 jerde, Jis womman s 

adon he bredde, 
And leide vp on hure naked bodi, Jat ^ heo in awadde. 
He 7 ne sparede rig ne side noj^er, er heo to gronde bled- 

Queinche heo migte hure foule j^ojt * mid blode j^at heo 

9 schadde. 
And euere seide Jis holi man, as heo leide on hure 

*' Maide, J^ou schalt '«> lerni J^us, awei forto caste 
*' J!e " fol wille of J^i bodi flesch, ^^i]> such discipline. 
He Jogte '* lite of ful ]70gt, er fis goudeman wolde 

« fine. 
Jjis wenche '4 wende ajen softe, hure '^ rug smerte 

'6 He bi gat so lite fo, fat hure '7 ne longede Juder na 

Clene womman heo bi com, v/\]) oute flesches dede, 
And clene maide '^ suj^j^e deide, as cure '9 schrifTader 

Jus maidenes Jat *° beo]? wilful, foli for to do, 
Ich wolde *' hi fonde such a *' lemman, that hem woldf 

'i chasti so. 

• Before. ' When she saw her. 3 Feebly. * Rod. s Down he threw. « She dwelt 
in, or she was mad in. , Neither spared back nor side neither, ere she to ground. 
8 With. 9 Shed. '° Learn- " Foul. '^ Little of foul. '3 End. '* Went- "s Back 
smarted. '^ She got- '7 Longed not to go thither any more. '* Afterwards died. 
'9 Confessor said. ''"Be. " TUey found. " Whoremaster. 33 chastise. 




This St. Edmund's Father zoas 
Raynold le Riche ', (not Ed. 
Tsard Rich, as in Godwin^) 
so sirnamed from his Wealth. 
His Mother's Name uas Ma~ 
bilia or Mabile, a Woman very 
eminent for her Piety, as is 

noted by many Writers, and 
particularly likewise by the 
Author of the before mention, 
ed Rhythmical Life of St. Ed. 
mund, where 'tis noted, v:ithall, 
that she was buried in St. Ni. 
cholas's Church at Abbington : 

This 5 goude womman [Mabile ^e riche] deide Jjus, fat of 4 we- 

dewen was flour, 
And ia Seint Nicholas churche at Abiadon 5 ibered with great 

In a ston bi fore fe ^ rode, in j^e sou)? side " iwis, 
A ^ luite wjthoute J^e abbei jate, ]ie chapel arered is. 
A boue 9 hure hit is i write, " 'o hure " lif in )?is ston 
" Mabile flour of '* wodewen ", and '? lesing is hit non. 
For heo was womman of goude lif, as '4 me mijte bi hure 

'i iseo, 
And miracle at Abindoun for hure '^ suHe hath '7 ibeo. 

What the Author here fells us 
of her being buried in St. Ni. 
cholas's Church, may be true 
enough with regard to his own 
time, when, 'tis likely, the 
chappel, in which Mabilia, or 
Mabile, was buried, teas look'd 
vpon as part of St. Nicholas's 
Church; but it could not be 
true at the time of her burial, 
because at that time St. Nicho. 

las's Church was not in being, 
it being not built 'till the Reign 
of K. Edzo. I. the Founder be. 
ing '8 Nicholas de Coleham, who 
became Abbat of Abbington A.D. 
'» 1289. and died A.D. 1307. and 
after it was so built, it be. 
came the chief Parish Church 
of Abbington ^°, tho' the 
greatest Resort now is to St. 
Helen's Church. But now 

Hist. &• Jntiq. Univ. Oxon. I. II. p. 9- 

De Prws. p. 130. 
i Buried. * Rood. 7 Certainly. 8 Little. 9 Her. "> Here. 

'» JVidows. '3 Lying. '* Men. »5 See. '6 Since. '7 Been. '8 Leland's Itin. Vol. II. 
p. 13. '9 Leland's Coll, Vol. VI. p. 193- «- Leland's Itin. Vol. VII. p. 64. Coll. Vol. 

3 Good. 1 Widows. 
F. Iij7, i.e. lieth. 

VI. p. i88. 

B B 4 




notwithstanding St. Nicholas''s 
Church was built after Mabile''s 
death., yet there can be no doubt 
of a chappeVs being built some 
time (tho^ not long) before that 
happened^ since Mr. Wood as- 
sures ' us^ that she zoas interred 
in a chappel {adjoining to the 
Abbei/.Church) built^ about the 
middle of H. Illd's Re/'gn, by 
John de Glostinevile {the same 
that others * call John de Blos- 
mevH) Abbat of Abbington^ 
and that this chappel was ge- 
nerallj/ known by the Name of 
the chappel of St. Edmund's 
Mother, altho'' it was reported 
to be dedicated to the Holy 
Cross, and to St. Edmund and 
St. Guthlac the Confessors. 
When Hivas that this chappel 
was destrofd, I cannot tell. 
'Tis, hozoever., probable it might 
remain ^iill the lamentable Age 
of Confusion and Sacrilege., at 
which time too {for I cannot 
think it was before) 'tis very 
likeli/ the Story of this vene- 
rable and holy Matron (that 
was put over her Tomb, to be 
read and considered by such as 
came out of Reverence and De. 
votion to see it) might be utterly 
defaced and obliiterated, and 
the very Plate conveyd off, 

with many holy Relicks relating 
to her. I mention holy Relicks, 
because there zi:as such an u~ 
niversal opinion conceived of 
her extraordinary Sanctity, 
that, some years after her 
Death, a prodigious concourse 
of people constantly flocked to 
the chappel, and look'd upon 
themselves as happy, if they 
could but have a sight, or a 
touch, of her Tomb, and any 
thing that appertain'' d to her. 
Several Things belonging, in 
some sort or other, to her were 
preserved there ; as there zcere 
others in private hands, zohich 
were as religiousli/ secured, the 
possessors thinking themselves, 
in those times, very happy on 
that account. Hence the high, 
est value was put upon even the 
least rag of her clout hes. ' What, 
therefore, shall we think of the 
fine gilt Girdle, with a curious 
blew Pendant {commonly caWd 
the long pendant Girdle) that 
zsas formerly preserved by some 
devout people at Oxford, and 
teas at lust bequeath' d {by Jo. 
hanna Gylls, wife of Edmund 
Gylle of Oxford, and Daugh- 
ter and Heiress of Wil- 
liam DanvylCf of Oxford^ 

' /Tist. Sc Antiq. Univ. Oxoti. I. II. p. 9. 
Jf Anliq. Univ. Oxon. I. IL p. 9. 

LelaniVs Coll. Vol. F/. i>. 193. ^Ilixt. 




Gent.) in the year 1486. {be. 
ing the beginning of Hen. flP. 
Reign) to the Image of St. Ed- 
mund of Abbington, that zcas in 
one of our O xford Churches; i. e. 
All-Saints, alias AlLHallows, as 
Mr. Wood reckons *, in zchich 
the said Johanna zoas buried? 
Surelj/ such a Curiosity as 
this, was judg''d as invaluable, 
and could not, therefore, bezsell 
lost ''till the Dissolution. After 
this great Man had been canon, 
ized, many places zcere immedi- 
ately dedicated to his honour. 
Among the rest must be rec- 

pel in the Nunnery of Ca- 
tesby in Northamptonshire, of 
which place his two Sisters were 
Nunns, being placed there by 
himself, having before try^d. 
some other Nunneries, but 
could not prevail, unless he 
would have incurred the Guilt 
of Simony. One of these Sisters 
was afterwards Prioress of 
Catesby. The chappel to St. 
Edmund was built by their carCy 
and upon their Death they were 
buried in if before the High 
Altar. For thus our Rhythmi. 
cat Author before cited : 

Jis goudeman sojte wide aboute mani a nonnerie, 

Er he migte his * sustren do wij? oute sinionie. 

Atte laste he com to Catesbi in Northamtoun schire, 

I granted J'er him was anon al ]7at he wolde desire. 

BoJ^e his soustres ^ a Godes half nonnen he made j^ere, 

Jat liuede J^er al here lif, and holi wimmen were. 

jje Elder was 4 snJ^J^e prioresse, 5 ase J^e leuedies echone 

For hem ha]? su]7]7e God ido, miracles manione. 

And bifore j^e s hei je wened ibured hi beoj? j>ere, 

In 7 o chapel J^at hi lette of Seint Edmund arere. 

This passage may give seme 
light to such as are concerned 
about the Dedication of this 
Nunnery of Catesby. Some say 
'twas to St. Thomas the Martyr, 
others to St- Mary and St. Ed. 

mund. See Tanner''s Notitia. 

Mon. p. 165. 
lende, land, lean, hung, stay, in. 

lended, landed, seized, settled. 
lendes, lands, comes. 

* Ibid. " Sisters dispose of. 3 In God's behalf, or in God's name. * Afterwards, 
5 Js (or so that) for the ladies every one upon their account huthsince God done miracles 
mann one. * High altar. , A Chappel. 




lene, li7i, cease, leave. 

lenge, bring along. 

lenger, longer. 

lengere, longer. 

Lenten tide, Lent time. 

Lenton Tythes, Lent tythes, 

leouns, lyons. 

lepe, leaped, he leaped. _ 

lept, leaped. J>at eft not on him 
lept, that afterwards not one as. 
saulted him. 

lere, leai'n, teach. 

lered, learned, clergy. lered men, 
clergy -men. 

lerid, learned, clerks, clergy. 

les, lost, loose, might loose, left, 

lese, lost, loose, 

leses, looses. 

lesis, looses. 

lesyng, lying, lye. 

let, little. 

lete, left, let, stop, put a stop to, 
cease, permitted, ceased, left off, 
laid, leave, endured, to leave, to 
have left, lete of, cared for. 
Jei lete of him so lite, they cared 
for (or set by) him so little. 
Jat lete J^e slo, that suffered 
thee to be persecuted. J?er of 
fulle wele he lete, he suffered this 
very willingly, or he was very 
glad of this. & fer of wele he 
lete, and was well enough pleas. 
ed with that. 

letenof, esteemed of, approved of. 

Letenes tide, Lent, time of Lent, 
lette, let, hinder, abide. 
leue, leave, live, life, lye, love, be- 
loved, jolly, jovial, leave off. 
leued, leavext, left^ was left, full 

on lond leued, being left wholly 
on land. 

leuen, lightning. 

leuer, rather. I haue leuer 
|>at \ovL do me to dethe, in 
Append, ad Prcef. Num. XV. 
I had rather that thou put me to 

leues, leaves, leave, continues, lyes, 
lives, remains, goes., looses. 

lewed, laiety, lay, laymen, igno- 
rant, illitterate. 

lewid, lay people, unlearned. 

leyn, layn. 

leysere, leisure. 

licchorie, leachery. 

licherie, leachery, for leachery. 

lichorie, leachery. 

lies, p. 177. liest, (mentiris.) 

liffes, live. 

lift, exalted, left, lifted. 

ligge, lye, lay. 

liggen, lyen, layn. 

ligges, lyes, lays. 

liggis, lyes, lays. 

light, lightly, easily, alighted, light, 

lighter, delivered. 

lightly, easily. 

lis, lies, untruths. 

list, listed, bound, desired. North 
alle gate him list, he altogether 
desired the North. 

liste, listen, listen to, hear. 

listnes, listen to, harken to, hear. 
listnes me, listen to me, harken 
to me. 

lite, little, light, short, let, hinder- 

lith, p. 194. tenement, as ap- 
pears from the French at the 



bottom of the page. 

lijje, a navie, ajleet, ships^ tene. 
ments. but ia pag. 67. plainly. 
and in pag. 93. hear^ ^PP^J/^ ^^- 
iendf from the Saxon lijjan, 
(applicare, conferre,) to apply ^ to 
lay one thing close to another. 
and 'tis from the same word like- 
wise that lij'e (as it denotes a 
ship or navy) comes, lij^an si- 
gnifying also fluctuare, navigare, 
tojlote on the water, to sail. 

lijjes, ships, water, waters, lims^ te. 

\\\i, lazy, easy. 

liuere, livery. 

liuerisoun, livery or delivery. 

loges, lodges, sheds, small houses. 

loke, advise, determine, consider, 
look J look to, look after, to loke 
hir, to look after her, to be her 
guardian, taken is he to loke, 
cotnmitted is he to be look'd 

loken, look. 

lokyng, looking, determination, 
cognizance, consideration. 

iond, land. 

Londreis, Londoners, the Lon. 

Londres, Londoners. 

londus, lands. 

long, belong. 

longly, long, at length. 

Jordan, lord Dane. 

lordyng, lording, lordings, lords. 

lordynges, lordings, lords. 

\ove,loss, doctrine, learning, lesson. 

lorenge, iron; from the French 
lormier, a worker in small iron^ 
a maker of small iron trinkets^ 
as nailes, spurs, &c. In the 
Parish of North-St. MichaeVs 
in Oxford (*o called in contra., 
distinction to South St. Mi~ 
chaePs, the church whereof 
is now down) was an Alley^ 
or Lane, calVd The Lormery *, 
it being the Place, where such 
sort of Iron works were 
sold for all Oxford. And here 
'lis to be observUl, that * in 
old time (tho'' it be otherwise 
now) the Professors of such 
and such Occupations, or 
Trades, used, as well in 
Oxford, as in other Places, 
to live or dwell all together 
in such and such Parts of the 
Town, and the Suburbs ad' 
joyning. The Forbery in Rea~ 
ding is very zcell known, tho'' 
the meaning of the Word is 
hardly known to any of the 
place, notzeithstanding no one 
was ignorant of it before 
the Dissolution, when our 
Princes and Great Men used 
to be so much there, and 
had their Arms constantly fur. 
bished and j)olished in that 
part of Heading, the signiji' 
cation of forbery being no. 
thing but Forbishers or Fur- 
bishers Rew, or the place where 
the Arms were furbished, and 

Coll. nostr. MSS- Vol. 77. p. 199- « Coll, nosfr. MSS- Fol. 106- p- 71. 




those that did it dwelt. The 
Spicery, 07~ Spice Rew, in Ox. 
ford) being the Place where 
Spices and sweet Oijntments 
were sold, was famous formerlj/, 
tho'' unknozcn since. ^Tis men- 
tioned expressly in the remark' 
able old Rhythms of Robert of 
Gloucester, concerning the great 
Conflict between the Scholars 
and Townsmen of Oxford, in 
the year 1263. (47 11. 3.) at 
the time Prince Eduard pass''d 
by Oxford, in his Journey to- 
wards the Marches of Wales. 
The zzhole Passage in Robert 
of Gloucester is very well 
worth reading, and deserves at- 
tention, and therefore "'twas 
deservedly taken {tho'', us it 
seems, from second hand ') 
into Mr. Wood's History and 
Antiquities of the University of 
Oxford *, where are several 
Mistakes, which render it un. 
intelligible, and for that rea- 
son 'twill be proper to peruse 
it, as 1 have printed it from the 
Cottonian MS. 3 and at the 
same time it will be retpiisite 
also to compare it with the prose 
passage, upon the same occa- 
sion, that Ishall here transcribe^ 
and publish, from a MS. Giro- 
nick of England in the hands 

of the ingenious Thomas PVard, 
of Longbridge near Warwick, 
Esq;. 7oritten about the Reign 
of 11. VI. by an Author, who 
undertook to metaphrase Robert 
of Gloucester, but in doing it he 
hath committed many Mistakes, 
and oftentimes miserably cur- 
tail' d the Work, especially 
where he did not understand his 
Author, as may, in so?ne mea- 
sure, be learn'd from this very 
Passage about the said Conflict , 
zchere he hath quite pass'd over 
those remarkable Words hare 
well, purely, as I conceive, be- 
cause he did not understand the 
Signification of the Expression, 
ivhich is no tnore than old well, 
and is to be understood of Wal- 
ton well, as I have insinuated 
in my Preface to Rob. of Glou- 
cester 4. Then the barones had 
the towne, and the kynge had 
the Castelle [0/ Gloucester,"] and 
oftentymes bykred to gedre. So 
that Sir Edward, J^at was in 
the Est quarter, entend to res- 
cue the Castelle of Gloucestre, 
and come with his poer, and 
wolde come throgh Oxenforde. 
But the yates were shitt faste 
ageynst hym. For the Burges 
of the Tnyversite wold 

« Sec my Preface to Rob, of Glouc. 
540. * 5.. VI J I. 

VJII. 'Lib. J. p. 112. 3 Eob. of Glouc. p. 




not suffre hym come ynne. But 
he lay in the kynge's halie with, 
out the gates, and vppon the 
morowe lie went his wey West- 
ward. And then alle the gates 
•were opened, save the smej^e 
gate. For that wey alle )'e 
Clerkes shulde goo vnto their 
pleynge place, called Bemondes. 
Oftentymes they desirede the 
baillies to opene that gate, that 
thei might haue their sportynge, 
but alle was for noght. So that 
wilde hedede felowes toke their 
councelle, and after dyner come 
te the gate with axes vnder their 
mantelles, and alle to hewede the 
gate, and bare hym forth vppone 
their shuldors to Bemonde, and 
sange suhuenyte^ as it were to a 
dede Cors. William Spicer and 
Geffrey Hencsey were porters, 
and Nycolle Kynston was Meir. 
And thoo were at brekynge of 
the gate were put in pryson by 
theMeir'scommaundement. And 
the ' Propters sende dyvers times 
to have hem delyvered. And 
ther with alle were the Clerkes 
wroth. But the bourges were 
bolde, and thretened to put moo 
of hem in prison. And thefiist 

Thursday in Lent the bourges, 
while people were at mete, reis- 
ed vppe two baners, and gadred 
their power to destroy the Clerkes 
or they were ware. And as thei 
come by AUehalowen with their 
power, at Seynt Mary churche a 
clerke range the towne belle, 
and alle the Clerkes stirt from 
their mete, and put their trust 
in God, for thei stode in grete 
daunger. Thei met with the 
Bourges, and began to shete fast, 
so that many were sore wonded 
of the Bourges, and at last the 
began to fle, so the Clerkes hadde 
the stretes fre. Thei brake vppe 
the boweers shoppe, and toke 
out bowes, and then they set the 
Porteres houses a here. And 
sone after they went and brake 
vppe the Spicery, and bare it 
awey, and then made havok of 
the meyr's wyne, by cause he was 
a vj'ntener. And wheune the 
kynge vnderstode of suche tres- 
pas, he put out alle the Clerkes 
out of Oxenford tille after My- 
ghelmas. SirEdwarde the kynge's 
son went to the March, and vp* 
ponAxeweudysday he come to the 

F. Procters. 



West ende of Gloucestre, and all the MSS. of the Hisforif 

assoilled >e tewne strongly, ^-c. or Chronicle^ commonly caWd 

This MS. (which is in Folio) Brute of England, that I have 

begins with the Story of Al- seen hitherto^. There is a 

lion's being so called from Picture at the beginning of Bio.. 

Albine, the eldest of Diocleci- decian and his Daughters. The 

m King of Syria's XXXIII. King is represented standing. 

Daughters, (not ffty one, as ^uh a szoord in his right hand, 

in Hector Boethius) who hav. and an hat, or sort of bonnet, 

ing murdered their Husbands, upon his head. The Daugh. 

were by their Father put to the ters are represented going to a 

hazard of the Sea, and were ^j^.^^ j^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ 

luckily brought to this Island, j^ .^ ^^j^.^j^ -^ ^j^^g 

which was named Albion by ^j^^ King of Almaine was taken 

the eldest from her onon Name. . rrr- . .7/ . .7 > t. . 

rm c, • ^ ^ I 2« a yvindmill. and that Fnnce 

1 he Story occurs tn Laxto7i and 7-,, 7 /i 7 .\ ^7 tit- 

, , "^ , ^ • 7 , . Edward fled into the Minor (or 

elsewhere, and particularly in ^ \ -n ■ a 1 1. ^l 

r .. ' , , . . ^ Grey) rriers. And -when the 

l^atin at the beginning of an , , ^., ,, ,,7- 7 \ 

, , „ -,rc<, J' ,/ ^ two ostes (these are the Words) 

old vellum MS \ of Gejfry ^ ^^ j 

,, ,, , , 7 r. I , inet, there was many a modre 

Monmouth andvenerable Bede's ■. -l^ ^ j j 

_-. . , , , ^ Sonne broght to grounde, and 

History in the hands of ,, , % ai \ ^ 

,^ , _, , AT,, the kynge of Al may ne was taken 

my learned triend. Ihomas . . , .,, i . , 

^ , „ / ma wyndemylle, pat som tyrae 

Jtiaiclinson, Esq;, where never. , , en ha 

, , , -^r^r^ rx i "^^^ duKc ot Lomewalie, and 

iheless are only XXX Daugh. g.^ j,^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ p^^.^^^ 

iers mentioned of Dioclecian. 

Tho' there is not one material * * 

point of History in Mr. Ward's *• '■ ' ' 

3IS. but what is already well 1 •. •. • • 

kno-xn, and far better and I have put points, because a 

more fully delivered in the ori. little more than a line (which 

ginal of Robert of Gloucester, would have quite JiWd the 

that I printed, yet 'tis a great page) is plainly eras'd (the 

Curiosity, and worth preserv. Rasure being very visible) by 

ing, being really different (as I know not what hand, on 

far as I can remember) from purpose to make one believe^ 

• E quo quidem Cod- MS. ipse penes me apographum fragmenti hvjus historici, ad Al- 
iinam pertinentis, Jiabeo. ^ ColU nostr. MSS. 106. p. 82r 



'^possible, that the book is 
compleat; for zohich reason a 
late^ I suppose the same, hand 
hath added the Word Finis to it-, 
tho* ^tis certain His an iinper. 
feet MS. and I do not doubt, 
but it concluded, as Robert 
of Gloucester himself did, at 
the Beginning of Edward the 
Isfs. Reign, to which Period 
perhaps another Picture at the 
End of the Book relates. At 
the beginning of the MS. [on 
the backside of the first Picture) 
is written 

Jo: Hales 1640. 
and below that again by the 
same hand, on the same page, 

Jo: Hales. 
I first thought, that this had 
been the hand writing of the 
famous Mr. John Hales of 
Eaton, and that the Book be. 
long'd to him ; but I am now 
of opinion with Mr. Ward, 
that it rather belonged to the 
Fumily of the Hales'' s of Co, 
veniri/, and that, perhaps, it 
came from the Priory of Co. 
•ventry. This Family lately 
dwelt at Coventry, and John 
Bale says thus of one of their 
Ancestors ' ; JOHANNES 
lustris Generis Homo, bonarum- 
que literarum peritus, Coventrice 
magnificas erexit Scholas, ac pro 
pueris iustituendis edidit 

Introductiones quasdam, Lib, 

Claruit anno Domini 1548. 
And I am the rather inclined 
to be of this opinion, from 
some things that I have heard 
from my worthy Friend, Mr. 
Francis Taylor, M.A. and FeL 
low of University. College. 
The said John Hales, as Du^ 
gdale also observes *, was the 
same that Leland calls i, Hales 
with the clubbe Foot. 

lorn, lost, was lost. 

lorne, lost. Sed in Appendice 
ad Pra;f. Num. XF. learn de. 

los, praise. 

losengere, flatterer. 

lote, lot. 

lotes, lots. 

loth, lothsomness, irksomness, loth, 
some, lot, 

lothe, lot. 

louand, loving. 

louh, low, lower, laughed. 

loanes,lowness,lowliness, humility. 

lout, loyter, tarry, stay. 

loute, bow, stoop, bow to, to bozn. 
to, to honour, bows to, stoops. 

lowe, love. 

lowed, praised, said. 

luf, love. 

lufe, love. 

lufed, loved. 

lufes, loves, love. 

■ J. Baleus de Script, p. 106. Lib- S**'' 
vol- IV. p. 91. 

Antiquities of Warwickshire p. 112. ^ IHn. 



lufly, lovely. 

Lundreis, the Londoners. 

lusk, to lus/c, to be idle, to be lazy. 

Lyndesay, p. 311. Lindsey, one 

part of Lincolnshire, as may 

appear here from Lindsay and 

Kesteven being joyn^d together. 
Lyndseie, p. 248. Lindsey, Lin^ 

iyfh, water, ship, a navie, a fleet, 

lyuand, living. 
'lyue, life, live, lives. Salle j>on 

neuer jti lyve, thou shall never 

in thy life. 


mad, made. 

madon, maiden, scd in Append, ad 
Prctf. Num. XV, idem est quod 

madones, maidens. 

madon hode_, maidenhead, maiden 

magneles, military engins. 

magre, maugre, in spight of, whe.. 
ther one will or no. 

Mahoun, Mahometanism, Maho- 

mak, make. 

makand, making. 

makes assay, make essay ^ make 

malisoun, malediction, curse. 

Malmcestre, p. 46. Malmsbury, 
and so in p. 258. according to 
-the vogue of our other Chro- 

nicles ; but if zae follow the 
French, we must interpret it 
(contrary to the tenour of our 
Historians) in both places Man- 

manace, menace,threatning, threat. 

manaced, inhabited, kept, menaced. 

manauntie, maintenance. 

mandement, commandment, com- 

manere, manner, manners. j^at 
manere, the manners. 

maners, manners, manours. 

manfesours, ill doers, malefactours. 

mangnel, military en gin. 

mansbond, slaves. 

mantelle, mantle, cloak. 

manymoj many more. 

manyone sive manyon, many q, 

marchandz, merchants. 

Marche, Marches. 

marchis, marquess. 

mare, p. S5. more. 

mareis, marshes. 

Mariole, little Mary. 

marite — gaf marite, p. 210. mar- 
ried, gave in marriage. 

mas, makes, fulle bare mas many 
wone, makes many a dwelling, 
vel habitation, full, vel very 

mast, most. 

maste, most. 

mate, companion. 

Mathatie, Maitathias. 

maugre, notwithstanding, in spight 
of, in spight of teeth. 

Maumetrie, Mahometanisfn. 

maundement, commandment, com' 






may, maid.) virgin, maiden, maijy 

maydon, maiden, maid. 

maydon hede, chastity. 

mayn, power. 

mayne, ])ozcer. 

maynhed, maimed. 

maynpis, p. 138, mainprize, bail, 
the taking or receiving a man into 
friendly custody, (as it signifieth 
in our common Law) that other- 
wise is, or might be, committed 
to the mercy of the prison, upon 
security given for his forth-com- 
ing at a day assigned. See Dr. 
Cowell's Interpreter. 

mayntend, maintained. 

mayntenyng, maintaining, mana- 

mcj men, me, to me, I. me mer. 
uailes of my boke, / wonder at 
my book. me Jjouht, men 
thought, methoughts, [thought. 

mede, mead, meadow, meads, mea- 
dows, reward, meed, stipend. 
he wild take no mede ];at was 
ateynt of wikkednes, he would 
take no money, or bribe, to save 
him that was attainted of wicked, 

medeled, mixed. 

medis, meads, meadozsos. 

medle, meddling, business, mix. 
tare of business. 

medue, meadow. 

meke, humble, meek, mild, fulle 
meke, p. 167. very humbly. 

mekes, humbles. 

menage, manage, business. 

mene, moan, grieve, mean, men. 
tion, commemoration, lament. 
Vol. IL 

to mene, in memory. 
menge, mingle, 7nix. 
ment, meant, mean^d, thought, 

intended, design''d, mentioned, 

understood, was meant, made 

menyng, mention. 
merchaundic, merchandize. 
mercled, amerced, mulcted. 
merk, mark. 
merke, mark. 
merkis, marks. 
mervaile, marvel, wonder. 
merwayl, marvel. 
meselle, leprous, leper, meselle 

houses, lazar-houses. 
meselrie, leprosy. 
messe, mass. 
meste, most, chiefest. ^Jise were 

hede & meste, these were the 

heads and the chief or principal. 
mete, moat, a ditch encompassing 

a Mansion House or Castle, 

meat, (esca, cibus,) food, meet, 

to meet, metelesse, without meat. 
metesel, meat sitting, (from the 

Saxon mece, meat, and pelde, a 

seat) dinner time. 
mette, met, dreamed. 
meusk, mercy. 
meyne, company, retinue, power^ 

multitude, people, army. 
mikelle, much. 
mikille, much. 
mirie, merry, pleasant, 
mirk, dark. 

mirke, jnark. In mirke, by mark. 
miry, merry. 
misauentoure, misadventure, mis. 


c c misau^n- 



misauentours, nmadventures. 

misbede, declared enmity, ivrons;'d, 
did wrong, didst amioS, did wrong 

misberyng, misharing. 

misborrij misborn, misbehaved. 

mischcne, 7idschance, loss. 

mischeue, mischief, have mis- 
chance, mischiefs, mischances, does 
mischief. ]>ei salle mischeue, 
thej/ shall rue it. 

mischuous, mischievous. 

misdede, misdeed, misdoing, 7nis- 
deeds, misdoings, transgressions. 

misdiyuen, misdriven, drove a- 

miseyse, decay, poverty. 

misfare, fare amiss. 

misfer'd, misfared, fared amiss, 
did amiss. 

misfore, misfared, fared amiss. 

mishapnes, mishappens, fares ill, 
meets with bad chances. 

mishappenyng, }nishap. 

misleued, misbelieved, 

misnam, mistook. 

mispaied, displeased. 

mispayed, displeased. 

mister, p. 94. art. 

mistere, p. 169. craft, occupation, 
trade, but in the French it is 
gentyl mester. — Nous sumes 
de Antyoche de gentyl mes- 

mOj more, many, might, 

moble, moveable. 

mobles, moveables, moveable. 

mon, man. 

mone, mention, mind, vinan, la- 
ment, cry, represent in a sorrow- 

full manner, lamentation, it was' 
great pity, money, coyn. woman 
vveddyng to mone. to money or 
to biii/^ procure or purchase, a 
xuoman's wedding or marriage. 
mones, mentions, mindest, moneys. 
And here, in reference to the 
ivord moneys, / cannot but 
transcribe, ivhut I find in the 
IIl<i. Part of Cax ton's ymage 
or myrrour of the world, 
which is a most rare Book 
(printed in 1 480 J and was lent 
me by the ingenious Mr. Ward 
of Longbridge. As there are 
many things in that book, which 
are very odd and singular, so it 
luill be very diverting to the 
reader, to read the Author's no- 
tion about money, especially too 
since the Remark will be of some 
service in illustrating our old 
English Coyns: 

^ Here it declareth for what 
cause monoye was first estab- 

'THHE monoyes were estab- 
lisshed first | for as moche 
as they had not of alle thinges 
necessarye to gydre That one 
had whete | another had wyn | 
and another cloth or other 
wares | he that had whete | 
had not wyn withoute he 
chaunged one for another | 
and so muste they dayly chaunge 
one for another j For to 
hau« • 



haue that they had not j as 
they that knewe none other 
mene I whan the philosophres 
sawe this | they dyde so moche 
that they establisshed wyth the 
lordes somtyme regnyng | a ly- 
til lyght thynge whiche euery 
man myght here with him to 
bye that was nedeful to hym | 
and behoefFul for his lyf | 
And so ordeyned by aduyse 
to gydre a thynge whiche was 
not ouer dere | ne holden for 
oner vyle | and that it were 
of somme vahire for to bye 
and vse wyth all true mar- 
chandyse one wyth another j 
by vertue of suche enseygne | 
And that it were comune ouer- 
all and in all maner [ And 
establed thenne a lytil moneye 
j whiche shold goo and haue 
cours thurgh the world | And 
by cause it lad men by the 
waye and mynystered to them 
that was necessarye | it was 
called monoye ] That is as 
moche to saye | as to gyue 
to a man al that hym behoueth 
for his lyuyng | Monos in gre- 
kyssh langage is as moche te 
saye | as one thyng only | For 
thenne was but one maner of 
monoye in all the world — But 

now euery man maketh monoye 
at his playsir by which they 
desuoy and goo out of the wa3'e 
more | than yf ther were but 
one coyne only | For by this 
cause is seen ofte plente of 
dyuerse monoyes j Thus estab- 
lisslied not the philosophres I 
For they establisshed for to 
saue the state of the world I 
And I saye it for as moche 
y f the monoye were out of grotes 
and pens of siluer so thenne it 
shold be of lasse weyght and 
lasse of valewe j and that shold 
be better for to here by the 
way for poure folke j and bet- 
ter shold be easid for the helpe 
of their nedes to their lyuyug. 
And for none other cause it 
"was ordeyned first j For the 
monoyes be not preysed but for 
the gold and syluor that is 
therin [ And they that estab. 
lisshed it first | made it right 
lytil and lyght | For the more 
ease to be born al aboute | 
where men wold goo | For 
now in late dayes as in the 
begynnyng of the Regne of 
kynge Edward ' and longe after 
was no monoye curraunt in 
englond but pens and half- 
pens and ferthynges [ And 

The Hid. See Camden's Remains, p. 172. Lond. 1629. 4». 

cc2 he 



he orloyned first the grote and 
half grote of syluer [ And noble 
I half noble and ferthyng in 
golde I 

mens, admonishctk^ inindeth. 

mony, many. 

monyng, morning. See wonying. 

mor, more. 

more, moor^ greater. 

more, p. 242, 3J6, moor, hilt, bar- 
ren ground. See the zoord fol- 

mores, ;>.310. moors, barren moun. 
tains, heaths or barren spaces 
of ground, meers, fens, or loio 
mcist or marshy places, and so 
it seems to signify here from 
the zoord medis immediately 
following. The Words moor and 
meer in the South parts of Eng- 
land are confounded, zchcnce 
Uis, that the great meer near 
Bicester is called Otmoor, when 
it should be Otmeer or Otmere. 
The JVord mora, also is taken in 
both senses in the middle-aged 
Latin Writers, tho" it more f re- 
tjuently signifies in them a fenny 
or moist place, and so Uis ce/- 
tainly to be understood in John 
of Glastonbury, zchen he is 
speaking of the XII. Hides of 
Glastonbury. Betzseen liother- 
ficld Grays and Nettlebed in 
Oxfordshire is an Hamlet called 
llighmor, zchich I once thought^ 
should be liigli meer, meer sig. 

nifying often a boundary; but 
I am since sufficiently satisfy''dy 
that it is rightly called High- 
mor or Highmore, being an higky 
barren, dry Ground, where is 
a prodigious Quantity of black 
Cherries, uhich grozo in the very 
Hedges. And just above Sand- 
ford, as zee go from Oxford ta 
Dorchester, is a dry barren 
Soil, zchich they call Basse-More 
(not from one Bassus % a Ro- 
man General, that got a great 
Victory here, as some have right 
foolishly suggesied,but) from if 9 
being a lozc Moor, or lozo dry 
barren ground, in opposition to 
the high dry barren ground, 
that is farther off than thiSy 
being upon the Hilt just be- 
yond the way that turns off 
to Nezcnham Courtney, and 
may therefore be properly sti- 
led, as the Moor by Nettle^ 
bed is, IJighmor or Highmore. 
And this mention of mor63 
brings to my mind a remark- 
able Passage (concerning a 
dry ground, caltd Hob MoreJ 
that occurrs in a Letter that 
a as zerit to me from Mickle- 
ton in Gloucestershire on Sa- 
turday July SS^'. 1723. by 
my very zcorthy Friend, Ri- 
chard Graves, Esq;. It is this. 

Coll. nnstr. MSS. Vol. 9.5. p. G. 

•' Coll. nostr. MSS. Vol. 102. p. 21. 



I was mightily pleas'd with 
a Statue I met with upon 
the Road, the Morning that I 
came from York. It stands 
about half a Mile from the 
City on the right hand of 
the Road to London, about a 
Land's Length from it in a 
short Lane, that leads down 
to a Common, called Hob 
More. It is of a Person in 
Armour, tis Face bare, and 
very comely ; cross- legg'd, 
with Spurrs en ; girt about 
with a Sword, and Belt ; 
and a lajg« Shield on his left 
Arm, with these Arms there- 
on, viz. three Waterbou. 
■ gets ; which I remerabred 

I had seen the day before, 
carved on the Shields in se- 
verall Places of the Stone- 
work in the Minster. 
". It had been tumbled down, 
and lay neglected for seve- 
rall years, till it was repayr- 
ed, and set up again about 
6. years since ; and tho' they 
have now set it upright upon 
a Pedestal, I am apt to think 
it at first lay along upon 
an Altar, like another Mo- 
nument ; for the Backside is 
square and flat, and seem's 
to have joyn'd to something 
' else ; and upon this they 
' have put the following lii- 
' scription, vip. 

" Tfiis Image long Hob's Ncune ha's bore, 
" Who was a Knight in tijne of yore, 
*' And gave this Common to the Poor. 

'' This ivas erected. Anno, 1717, 
" W. Tesh, L. Dnrcy, J. Yates, J. Lum, 
" Pasture Masters. 
It was given to the Poor of Mickle gate Ward. 

jnorn, morning. 

morne, morning, morrow, ab A. 
Sax. majine. 

piornes, mornings, 

mosard, a muser, dreamer, lin- 
gerer, cessator, gazer, a dull, 
heavy, lazy fellow^ from the 
French musard. 

most, 7nust. 

moste & leste, the greatest and the 

raostret, shewed. 

mot, mighty must, vdghtest, may, 

mayst. whi ne mot I se ? 

ivhy may J not see ? why might 1 

not see ? 
mote, moat, moot, meet, move, pla- 

citatio, disceptatio, exercise or 

arguing of Cases in Law, from 

the Saxon mot; or gemot, a 

meeting together. 
nioten, p. 22. at most, vel forsi- 

tan hy measure. 
motoun, viutton, 
nioun, viay, can. 

mournand, mourning. fulle 

4iC 3 mourn- 



moiirnand was his chere, his 

cheer or countenance was very 

dolcfuU or dismal. 
mowe, mai/. 
musard, dreamer, mussy felloiv , the See mosard. 
my, mine, my. 
layrhe, much. 
inyi;htles, iviihout viight, lailhout 

myKellt;, much, great, many, 
inykiJIe, jnuch. 
my J lies, rniils. 

niyiisyng, ?ninding, remembrance. 
my in, tnind, endeavour. 
myraculis;, miracles. 
myraculus, miracles. 
myn, merry. 
my lie, merry, pleasant. 
mys, amiss, grievances, mischances, 

mystere, business, need, occasion. 


nages, nags. 

nakned, made naked. 

nam, took, he took, take, xvent, ap- 
prouch'd, 7night go. Ageyn R. 
lie nam, he approached toivards 

namen, took. 

nape, neck. 

nasee, nosy. 

ne, nor, neither, not, no, no wote, 
ivot not, know. not. I ne wote, 
I know not. nouht ne slepe, 
did not sleep at all. ne wille, 
ivill not. ne jode, did not go. 
J?at he ne perceyue, that he 
does not perceive. ne M'old 

turne ne change, wotdd not 
turn nor change, more joy ne 
had Jei haue, you need not bid 
them have tnore Joy. ne con- 
sent to resoun, not to consent 
to reason, ne rouht, cared not, 
were not scrupulous. 

nede, need, needs. 

nedes, needs, necessities. 

nedis, needs. 

nedly, necessarily. 

neghand, approaching. 

neghed, approached. 

uehi, nigh, near. 

neid, nothing, no whit, need, need 
tvas, it wc inecessary. 

neih, n/gh. 

neihand, nigh-hand, near to. 

nemnid, named. 

nene, nine. 

ner, nearer. 

nere, near. 

nerhand, near hand, nighhand, 
nigh at hand, approaching, ap- 

nerre, near, nearer. negh him 
nerre, approach or come near 

nesch, soft, ease. 

nessh, soft. 

nesshe, nice. ncsshe & hard, 
niceness and hardship, for nessh 
or hard, either for niceness or 
roughness, i. e. upon no account. 
Maken nesshe is interpreted 
molHfico and molleo (so 'tis ex- 
pressed for mollio) in the 
Promptorium parvulorum sive 
clericorum, (call'd also MedulJa 
Granimaticae) a very scarce fo- 
lio book, I rinted by Richard 



Pi/nson in the year 1499. being 
the 14'*. year of the Reign of 
K. Henry VII. at tchich time 
it was look'd upon as a Work 
of great use and excellency, as 
may appear from this printed 
note at the End. ^ Ad laudem 
et ad honorem omni|>oteiitis 
dei. et intemerate genitricis 
eius. Finit exceJleiitissimum 
opus exiguis magiiisque sco- 
Jasticis vtilissimum quod nuucu- 
patur Medulla grammatice. 
Inpressum per egregiuni Rich- 
ardum Pyuson. in expensis 
virtuosorum viiorum Frederici 
egmondt & Petri post pascha. 
anno domini. M.CCCC. non- 
agesimo nono. Decima V*. die 
mensis Maij. The Author was 
a preaching or black Fryer, and 
folloiu'd the dialect of the East 
parts of England, to ivhich he 
had been used from his Infancy, 
as he tells us in his Prologue. 
His Name was Richard Fraun- 
cis, as I find by this Note, 
xvritten, in an old hand, at the be- 
ginning of a Copy of this Book, 
that was lent me by Mr, Ward 
of Lmgbndge, viz. ^ Nomen 
Compilatoris istius libri est 
Frater Ricardus Fraunces, inter 
quatuor parietes pro Christo 
nete, ncats, labouring beasts, any 
kind of beeves, (as Ox, Cow, 
Steer or Heifer,) Sax. neac. 


nettille, nettle. 

neuen, name^ 7ia7ned, nepheiu, men- 
tion. ]>at haf herd neuen, 
that I have heard named. 

neueiie, named, called. 

neuer, never, neither. 

neuer a dele, never a ivhit, never a 
bit. neuer for ]7an, never for that. 

neuerles, nevertheless, neuerles Jje 
forward held what so was 
in his J70uht, nevertheless what- 
ever ivas in his thoughts about 
holding or keeping the covenant . 
or agreement. 

newed, named. 
nex, next. 

nien, nine. 

nientend, nineteenth. 

nisse, navy, ships. 

no, 710, nor, not, now, neither, no 
dure, not endure, no J^ing, in 
nothing, at all. no Jjeles, ne- 
vertheless, no weys, no ways, 
in no wise. 

noblay, nobleness, honour. 

nobley, nobleness, splendour, nobi- 
lity, honour. 

nobleye, nobleness, greatness. 

noen, noon, midday, bituex vn- 
deron & noen, p. 18. betwixt 
nine a clock in the 7norning and 
noon or the middle of the day* 

noght, nought, nothing, not. 

noie, annoy. 

noied, annoied- 

noke, nook, notch, nitch, bit, hole, 

nom, took, taken, undertook. 
c c 4 nome. 



nome, took. 

nomon.,(ake, (oak, taken, resorted, 
uppl^ed, produced 

non, none, no, no one, noon, not, 
nothing, non ne suld j?ei spare, 
thci/ should fiot spare one. on 
non oj7er side, on no other side, 
on fie/iher side, neuer more suld 
j^ei non, never more should none 
of them. 

none, noon. 

I one tide, noon time. 

nonhut, no house. 

nons, nonce, for jje nons, p. 108. 
(de industria, opera dedita,) for 
the nonce, dcsignedlj/, on pur. 

Nortisj people on the North side 
of the Illumes, NorKegians, 
Northern men. 

iiorise, nurse, nourish. 

norised, nourished. 

Normand, Normans. 

Noimant, Normans, Normandi/. 

nomen, taken. 

Norreis, Norzeegians, Northern 
people. Northern men. All 
people beijond Ilumber icere 
styled Norreis, bat in p. 32. 
those of Northumberland are 
particularly called by that name, 
whence 'tis that Florence of 
Worcester, on thai occasion, 
makes use of the Word North- 

Nor(heren, Northern men, of the 
Northern folk. 

Northermore, more Northernli/, 
)"ore Norfhzcardly. 

Northreii, Northern people, north- 
cm men, Northumbrians ; but 

indeed in p. 32. something more, 
than those of Northumberland, 
is to be understood. 

norture, nurture, nourishing, pa~ 
rentage, education. 

Norwais, Norwegians. 

not for J7i, not but that, not a dele, 
not a zchit. 

note, zorestle. With doulity fo 
to note, zcith strong foe to con- 
tend or grapple. 

noj^eles sive no j^e less, neverthe- 

nouli, not, nought, nothing. 

nouht, nought, nothing, not, not 
at all, none, nouht J^ien fulle 
fer, not very far from thence, 
nouht ne slepe, did not sleep at 

noiire, no zzhere. 

noujjer, neither, nouj^er whi- 
dere, not hozo, no zchere hozc. 
noujjer of som no alle, ne wist 
what J7ei dies, no body knezc, 
zrhat zcas chosen by them, or, 
710 body knezc., zchat anszcer zoos 
brought. For the French is, 
Respouns quels il port put nul 
home sauer. 

nowgte, nought, nothing. 

nowse, noise. 

noyse, annoy, vexy annoyance, da- 
mage, hurt, disturbance. 

noyed. annoyed, vexed. 

nunn, none. 

nyce, stupid, dull, silly. 

nycdy, foolishly. 

nyen, 7iinc. 

nyent, ninth. 


nyjte, nigh. 

nym, take. 

nymme, take. 

ny]7, (ny^, Sax. malitia,) xdcked- 

ness, naughtiness, lewdness. 
nythe, naiigiitmesSy strije. 


o, one, an, of, or. 
oblige, bind. 
oboweii, abovCk 
o brode, abroad. 

o cliance sive ochance, by chance^ 
of chance, peradveniure, per- 
haps, it may be. 
o dele, a devil. 
o deuel, a devil. 

o drehi sive o dreigh, aside, azsajj, 
drazo in sive on. & do j>am 
hold o drehi, and drazc, vel 
force, vel drive, them in sive 
into hold. He bad j^am alle draw 
]7am o dreigh. He bid them all 
drazo themselves away, sive, He 
ordered them all to withdraw 
of? 0/5 off, from, against^ for, by, 
out of. of was jare, was pre- 
pared or 7-eadj/. of fayth, in 
truth, of load, off the land, out 
of the land. 
pfBce, business. 

of leten, esteemed of, approvW of. 
o fote, on foot, of foot. 
ofright, affrighted. 
oft, after, aftericards, often, oft, 
oftentide, oftentimes. 
oftsone, again. 
oft tide, oftentimes. 
egast, agast, astonished. 

oglift, affraid, surprized. 
oglyft, ugli/, bedaubed. 
ograntj agreed. 
ogrefe, of grief. 

ogrisen, to fear greatly, to tremble. 
oijjer, either. 
oknowen, know. 
o liche sive oliche, alike. 
o lif, alive. 
olife, alive. 
o lite, a little. 
o loft, aloft. 
olofte, aloft. 
o lyue, alive. 

on, one, on, in, at, a certainy 
against, but on was marinere, 
but only one that was a mariner. 
on one, in one, alone or with a 
very small retinue to attend him. 
on a gate, at the gate, on one, 
at once, always, continually. 
oTi Code's enmys, against God's 
enemies, on lyue, alive, on 
hand, at hand, approachingj 
o name, one name. 
onde, (anhelitus,) breath, fury, wic. 
kedness, coiitention. with nyth 
& onde, with the utmost malice 
and vehemence. See Cotgrave 
and Skinner. Jt is a French 
word, signifying a wave which 
goes with force. 'Tis very pro. 
perly usUl, in Mr. Sheldon's 
MS. of the Lives of the Saints, 
for malice or fury, zctth respect 
to the unnatural barbarity 
that was shezc'd to that ad- 
mirable young King, St. Ed- 
zcard the martyr (who is very 
absurdly represented with a 


long beard in the old Paint- Library) by his Step • Mo- 
ings of All - Souls College thtr : 

Seynt Edward j^e gouge martir was kyng of Engelonde : 
gong y marterid he was ]7oiw trecherie and onde. 

In which MS. (to note this with which this holy Prince 
by the v^uy) is the following was slain : 
mention made of the Kiafe, 

A, sere, quod J^is luj'cr quene, whanne hit so schal be, 

I wol to ]?<- drynke, and su}?e ]7ou sca.t hym se. 

A redy was J'e botelcr, and brcugt hem drynke anon, 

Amoiige alle J^e oJ»er schrewyn j^er com on gon. 

And weiromede the kyng, and made him ioie y now. 

And custe hym Judas ' cos, and J^er wi]? hym slow. 

For as he stoupid adoun, and *prest was y now. 

In his wombe he put aknyf, and jte guttis adoun drow. 

A ionge knyf and asmale, as me may git y se. 

For in fe churche of Caijersham he hauyj? jeris y be. 

N':w as this Passage ought to Glastonbury, instead of Shafts- 
be compared with what I have bury J are the following Verses 
observed in §. VI. of my Pre- relating to K. Edward the Co?u 
face to Robert of Gloucester; fessor, which plainly confir7n what 
so I desire it may be observ'dy I have remark'd in my Glossary * 
that in this MS. at the End to Robert of Gloucester about the 
of the Account of K. Edward Month of Lud's being the same 
the Martyr (whom Caxton er- ivith the Month of March : 
roneously makes to be buried at 

The Kyng Atheldred his [A'. Edw. the Martyr's"] brojjer goode 

man was y nowe, 
Edward was his sone y bote, J^at to alle godnesse drowe. 
That kyng was suJ7e after hym, an by halwe in heuene is. 
He was suje yschryned, at Westmester iwis. 

Kiss. " Beady. 3 yoc, Lud. 




Fourtene nyjt * vp Myhelmasse. His dai is in J^e jere 
A mydde J^e mounj^e of Lyde*y J»at itolde here. 
God for loue of hem bojje, J'at oure kynges were, 
Graunti vs J^at we mote \v]\> hym ^ wonye J>ere. 

The Word Lyde is the same 
with Robert of Gloucester's Lud. 
And the Author's noting, that 
K. Edward's day (he means the 
Confessor) is in the middle of 
the Month of Lyde, shews that 
March is meant by it. For 
against the 18'*. of that Month, 
in our old Kalendars, we have 
Edwardi regis & mar. 

one, only, alone, on. 

on gan, against, on the other part, 
cont'ariivise, otherwise. 

on gjt, as yet. 

ons, one. 

open, upon. 

opon, vpon. 

or, or, ere, before. or j^at, ere 
that, before, or he foore, before 
he departed, before he went away, 
or euer, or ever, ere ever, before 

ordand, ordain' d. 

ordine, order, ordinance, ordained, 
in orders, clergymen. 

ordinez, ordinances, orders. 

ore, before, over, ever, ere, hereto- 
fore. )7at I ore of ment, that 
I before mentioned. 

orely, early. 

© resons, of reasons, of understand- 
ing, of reasoning. 

orfreis, A French Word from 

or. Gold, and frize or frise, 
and signifieth a guard or welt 
of Gold, or frizled Cloth of Gold. 
" Orfrais", (suith CotgraveJ 
" broad welts, or gards of gold, 
" or silver imbroiderie laid on 
" Copes, and other Church-vest- 
" ments. In old time the Jack- 
" ets, or Coat-armours of the 
" Kings gard were tearmed so, 
" because they were covered 
" with Goldsmithes worke. 

orisoun, prayer, 

orly, early. 

orribulle, horrible. 

o sonder vcl o sondere, asunder* 

ostage, hostages, pledges, hostage, 
surety, pledge, pawn. 

oste, host, army. 

ostegers, hostages. 

ostes, hosts, armies, 

Ostrece, Austria, 

Ostrice, Austria. 

o strut, astrut, stretch'd out. 

o sundere, asunder. 

oj^er, other, others, the other, ojjer 
half gere, a year and an half. 
This is a Saxonism. See .So- 
mner's Sax. Diet, voc. o]7< jt 
healj:e, and his Glossary to ihe 
Decern Script ores voc. marca. 

o toure, a tower. 

o tuyn, asunder. 

That is accounted (or call'd) here. 

3 Dwell. 



otuynne, atico, in two parts. 

o twynne, alwo, separate. 

ouer, over^ above, ouer ^ede, 

passed over, ouer ronnen, over- 

run. ouer rauht, ovcr-came, con.. 

quered, from the Saxon ojrejijiehc, 

victtis, siiperatus, fractus. ouer 

alle, over all, after all. 
ouercomen, co7iquered, overcome. 
ouerhaf, had over. 
ouerhipped, hopp'd over, skipped 

over, ouerhipped J7am ouerhaf, 

kept from them above half. 
ouerhippis, overhops, hops over, 

passes by. 
ouerschaken, overshook^ over. 

ouertok, undertook. 
ouer wend, go over. 
buerwenyng, presumption, inso. 

lenci/, pride, arrogance, over- 

oiierwhere, evert/ where. 
ouh, ought, owest, oh. 
ouht, ought, any thing. 
ovoice, one voice. 
oure, over, oure greuc, over 

out, ought, out. out flie, Jlie out, 

make Jlie out, drive out. out 

j^ring, press out, squeeze out, 

thrust out. out wyn, get out. 

out schete, shot out. out braid, 

took out. 
oiijjcr, cither. 
outhere, either. 
outheys, ouches, nooks, notches, 

{from the French oche) or 

rather hitches, ropes or pullies. 

Sec Skinner in voc. to hitch. 

o wile, one while. 

paemie, the pngan or heathen coun~ 

try, pagans, paganism, among 

the heathens. 
paemy, pagans. 
paen, pagan. 
paenie, pagans, heathens. 
paied, pleased, appeased, paid. 
paiemie, paganistn. j^e folk of 

paiemie ^c word J^er of fer gos, 

the sayng is spread thereof 

far among the heathen people. 
paien, pagan, heathen, pagans. 

paien lawe, pagan law, heathen 

paiens, pagans. 
paired, impaired. 
paires, perishes. 
pais, poise, weight. 
palaised, palisadoed, defended with 

palisadoes, impaled, inclosed 

with pales. ^ 

paleise, palace. 
palfray, (palafridus, mannus, gra. 

darius,) horse. 
pallion, (pallium,) pall. 
])a\lioux\, pall. 
palmere, pilgrim. 
pantenere, rascal, ilk a pantenerc, 

every scoundrel. 
pape, pope. 
parage, peerage. 

parche, parks, inclosures, pearch. 
paringalle, equals. 
parlement, parliament, council, 

ipartc, part, 




partise, parties. 

party, part, a share. 

pas, peace, j)assage, passages, pace, 
journey, pass, troop. 

pase, passage, travel, case. 

Pask, Easter. Pask tide, Easter 
time. Our zaord Easter is the 
same with the Saxon Eaj-teji, 
Eajtjie or Ojtep, mho, as vener- 
able Bede tells ' us, mas a God- 
dess of the Saxons, in honour of 
whom Sacrifices zi'ere offered 
about that time of the year. 
And thence it zoas, that they 
called Jpril Eajteji Mona^, 
" Easter", {saith Dr. Skinner, 
in his Etymolog.) " ab AS. 
*'Eaj-teji, Ojcep,Oj-toji, Ej-teji. 
'' baej. Belg. Eajteji Mona^, 
*' Aprilis. Somner" (he should 
have said Beda, the Passage, 
$ho^ in that place forgot to be 
comnui'd, being not Somner^s 
but Bede\i) " ab Eajcjie Dea 
" Saxonum seu Germanorum, 
'' qu(B sub illud anni tempus 
*' sacrificiis colebatur, deflcctit, 
*■' fort, autem illud numen 
*^ Orienti prieesse creditum est, 
" Si idem fuit cum Aurora 
" Laiinorum'\ My learned 
Friend, Mr. Thomas Hinton, 

Rector of Lasham in Ilamp. 
shire, zoho hath studied these 
things *, observes ', that Oster 
Monet /*^/ie Resurrection Month, 
and that thence comes our Easter. 
And for that reason it is, as 
I take it, that Charles the Great 
zoho gave nezo Names to the 
Months and Winds, called Aprils 
Ostermonet, as zee are assured 
by an elegant Writer, Eginhar. 
tus 4j zsho had been his Secretary^ 
tho^ aft: rmards an Abbat. 

Paske, Easter. 

passand, ])assing. 

passed, stopped. 

pastours, pastures. 

pauillon, pavilion. 

pauillons, tetits. 

pauilloiin, pavilion, tent, tuber, 

pay, cost, charges. 

payd, pleased. 

payed, pleased, paid. 

payens, pagans. 

payne, pain, punishment. 

payned, pained, punished, afflicted. 

paynes, p. 310. plains. Et quidem 
hic playnes legendutn esse con~ 
jeccrim; quod si non mutetur, 
idem valebit quod punishment* 
S) pains. 

' See Somner' s Saxon Diet. vvc. mona«. = Seep. 263. of ,ny Occasional Observations 
*^pon the Account of thepainted Glass at Fairford, printed at the End of Roper's Life of 
Sir Thomas More. 3 Coll. nostr. MSS. vol. 17. p. 186. •> Fita Karoli Magni, p. 34, 
Col. 15?1. Ato. 




pays, peace. 

pedaile, footmen, co?npanj/, base 

peired, impaired. 

peires, wrongs. 

peis, (ponduS;) iveight. 

pele, house. 

pencelle, ensign, flag. 

pencels, pencils, banners. 

penies, pence, money. 

per, by. 

perceyued, apprized. 

pei-de, rogue, knuve. 

pere, peer, peers, equal, equals, 
companion, fellow. for praier 
or for pere, for all (or not- 
voilhstanding) prayer or peer. In 
pag. 103. it seems to be for 
« wife, so as even in the time 
of Peter Langtoft, and of 
Robert of Brunne, wives were 
called peers, especially, such as 
Queens, Princesses, Dutchesses, 

peres, peers, 

perist, perish' d. 

penoueiidere, pardoner. 

pers, peers, compaiiions. 

Pers, Pe^er. 

person, parson. 

persons, parsons. 

pes, peace, appease. 

pese, appease. 

pesed, appeased, pesed behoued 
it be, it behoved that there should 
be peace. 

pesid, appeased. 

peyn, pain, labour. 

peyres, impairs. 

peyrment, fear. 

peysed, appeased. 

Pharaon, Pharaoh. 

Pikard, Picards. 

pike, pick, peck, work, dig or break 

up with a pick-ax. 
pikit him, & dikit him, he 

picked (or he peck'dj and he 

piled, pilled, pillaged. 
pilgryn, pilgrim. 
pine, pain. 

pite, pity, compassion. 
plaied, played, joked. 
play, play, rumble. 
plener, fully. 
plenere, fully. 
plenerly, fully. 

plentynous, plenteous, plentifull. 
pleyn, ivhole, fully, full, compleat, 

fall-filled, complain, plain. 
pleyned, complained, complained 

of, lamented. 
pleyn ere, full, fully. 
pleynerlie, fully. 
pleynerly, fully. 
pleynt, complaint. 
pleyntes, complaints. 
plight, plight, plighted, promised, 

rest, safety, health, whan j^ei 

were trouth plight, ivhen they 

had plighted or promised their 

troth, truth or faith. 
podels, puddles. 
pol, pole, head, noddle. 
polk, bulk. 
popille, people. 
pople, people. 

poraile, poor, beggarly, mean. 
posse, can. 
pouer, poor. 
pouere, poor. 
pouert, poverty. 




pouerte, poverti/. 

pouste, powei', possession, 

praised, pressed. 

pray, prei/. 

prayes, pray. 

prayses, praises, esteems. 

prayth, pray. 

prechement, preaching. 

preid, prayed. 

pres, press, multitude, throng, press- 

present, presently, presentation, 
jjresent, presents, presence, a pre. 
sent, offer. 

presons, prisoners. 

presnun, prison. 

prest sive preste, ready, prepared. 

prester, more ready, prettier. 

prikelle, drive, push. 

primalte, primacy. 

Primatis, Primates. 

primaute, primacy. 

prime, p. 24-3, 305. six a clock in 
the morning; but in p. 341. it 
isignifies, the prime or Golden 

pris, price, prize, praise, victory, 
the prize, the victory. 

prise, prize, price. 

prisons, prisoners. 

priue, privy, private, privately, 
privy counsellor. For ]7um \e. 
kyng was sette his priue par- 
lenient, for them the king was 
obliged to call his privy coun- 

priues, private persons. 

priuete, privily, a secret, secresy, 

procore, procure. 

procurand, procuring, 

profe, proof. 

profere, profer. 

propire, proper. 

propirte, property. 

prouendes, provender, provisions. 

prouendis, the provender, the pro~ 
visions, the riches. Kirkes wild 
he dele prouendis jjat wer 
woi-yie, he would distribute the 
riches of the church to such as 
Zi-ere vjorthy. 

prouest, provost, provost Marshall, 
principal magistrate or judge. See 
Cotgrave's Fr. Diet, in voc. 

prouh, proivess. 

prow, profit, honour, proxvess. 

prowe, profit, honour, be of profit. 

proxyes, procurations, pecuniary 
sums or compositions paid to an 
Ordinary, or other Ecclesia- 
stical Judge, to commute for 
the provisions or entertain- 
ments, which were other- 
wise to have been procur'd 
for him at his visitations. 
See Du Fresne's Glossary voc. 

pru, profit. 

pruesse, proivess, courage, power. 

pundes, pounds. 

pundred, pondered, weighed, was 

puplised, published. 

pur, to. pur quante^ in as muck 

purale, parole. • 

purchacp, procure. 

purches, procure. 

purtraid, pnurtraied. in a toumbe 
purtraid, in a tomb with his por- 
traiture or image on it. 




So it seems, according to this 
Author, p. 91-. had William 
Rufus's at Westminster. 

purtrei, pourtraied. 

purtreied, pourtraied. 

purtreit, pourtraied. 

purueiance, provision, provisi my, 

purueid, provided. 

purueie, pruiide. 

purueied, provided, prepared, set- 

purueies, provides, makes. 

purueis, provides, prepares. 

pyn, pain, punishment, suffering. 

pync, pain, punish, torment, penal- 
ty-, punishment, from the Saxon 
pin tan, punire. to lede fis 
pyne, to endure this pain, sive, 
to undergo this punishment. The 
Word pyued for sullied oc- 
currs in an old Scrap of Parch- 
ment, written in the Reign of 
K. Ediv, III. as I guess, lent 
me hy Mr. Ward of Longbridge, 
which, for the sake of the curious, 
I shall here copy ; 

******* ***iit 

j'at geten was of ]?e hali gast. 

Born of \z virgine Marie ' wyt vten last, 

Pyned vnder Ponce Pilat, 

Don on J'e rode after J^at. 

Ded and * doluen, an layid in stan, 

3 Lychted til helle son * on an ; 

ye thridde day vp he ras 

Fra ded, al his wylle was 




pynes, pains. quaintly, artfully, archly, cun. 

Q. quantise, cunning, quaintness, stra- 

qna'mte, cunning, fne, elegant, pro. quantyse, cunning, manage cun- 

found. ningly. 

quaintise, cunning. quarelle sive querelle, a quar- 

Without lust. » Delved, buried. a Descended to. * Anon. 




rell, or boult for a Crossbow, or 
an Arrovo with a foure-square 

quassed, quashed. 

quathe sive quath, bequeath'd. 

quaynt, cunning, quaintly, cun- 

quaynte, cunnings 

quaynted, acquainted. 

quayntise, cunning, skill, know- 
ledge . 

quayntly, cunningly. 

queme, please, delight. 

quemed, pleased. 

quere, quire, choir. 

querte, p. 123. pro J)uerte,«; opinor, 
adeo ut with querte idem sit quod 
oblique, transversim, athwart, 
across^ obliquely. 

quest, inquest, jury, inquiry, in- 

questis, inquests, examination, co~ 

quik, alire, quickly, quick. 

quirisons, orisons, prayers. 

quirisoun, question, orison, petition, 
request, prayer. 

quite, quit, free, altogether, wholly, 
thoroughly. quite clamance, 
quit claim. 

quitely, quite, intirely, wholly, 

quoke, qvak'd, shook. 


raf, viean condition. 
raft, rent, reft. 
rais, rise. 
rakend, reckoned. 
ran, run, arose. 
Vol. If, 

rank, rankle, fester, putrify. 
ransoun, ransom. 
rape, hie, hasten. 
raped, hastened. 
rascail, scum. 

rascaile, (popellus,) rascalitie, 
scum, dregs, offalls, simple people, 
outcasts of any company, a base 
and rascally sort of people, vile 
people, rascals, rascal, multitude, 
numbers, persons of meaner con- 
dition, meaner sort. 
rascail deere, lean or worthless 
deer, from the SaXon jiafcal, 
fera strigosa. 
rathe, soon, to rajje, too soon. 
raj^ely, soon. 

rauht, reach'd, wrought, got, took. 
raumpand, rampant. 
raunson, ransom. 
raunsoun, ransom. 
reade, council. 
reame, realm, kingdom, reame'a 

right, kingdom's right. 
reames, realms, kingdoms. 
rebuk, rebuke, upbraid, reprehend. 
rebuke, revoke. 
recchesse, riches. 
reciaunt vel recyante, resident. 
recouere, recovered, recovery. 
recreant, tired, out of heart, faint m 


red, said, admonished, mentioned, 

advised, read, spoke. I red him 

ore in pas, / mentioned him 

before in passing along. j>a\T 

red, p. 127. took their counsel 


rede, counsel, remedy, decree, red, 

advice, direction, speak, tell, to 

counsel, advise, consult, read, declare. 

JD D redes. 



redes, reads, read, tells, 

red is, reads. 

redy, readj/, readily, make ready. 

refous, refuce, the scum. 

reft, spoiled, plundered, bereaved, 
bereft, deprived, bereav'd of, de- 
prived of, ivas bereav'd, snatcht, 
took, fore' d, taken off, carry' d a- 
luay, conveyed off, taken away, 
taken from them, robbed. 

refus, refuse. 

regalle, government. 

jegalte, royalty, teign. 

regante, government. 

regnand, reigning, regnant. 

regne, kingdom, reign. 

reise, raise. 

reised, raised. 

releue, relief. 

relie, rally. 

religions, religious orders. 

religicun, religion, religious. 

religiouses, religious houses, sive 
religious people. 

rerae, the kingdom. 

remue, remove, tnove, take, 

remued, be removed. 

Ten, run, 

retie, deny. 

renes (pro reeves,) p. 384. gover- 

rengaile, ranks. 

renge, range, ring. 

lenged, ranged, roved, strayed a- 

renne, run. 

rennes, runs. 

renst at at J^e toumbe, running to 
the tombc. 

rentus, rents. 

res, rising, rise, contention, rashness. 

folly, race, thing. 

rescet, reside. 

rescette, reception, receipt, fefitgi, 

resceyuoure, receiver. 

reson, reason. 

resons, reasons. 

respite, respil, truce, a breathing 
fit, leasure, &c. 

respons, answer, answers. 

respouns, answer. 

resteie, to resist, to oppose, to ar- 
rest, to apprehend, to take. 

restis, rests. 

restus, rests. 

retenanz, retinue. 

retreied, retryed, tryed again. 

retted, rated, retted Godwyn J^er 
tille, rated or charged Godzoyn 
with it. 

reue, bereave, deprive, take from, 
rove, spoil, ravage. 

reued, bereaved of, deprived of. 

reues, bereaves. 

reufulhed, ruefullness, fright. 

reuile, 7'evile, insult. 

reuth, pity, lamentation. 

reward, regard. 

rewardons, guerdons, rczoards. 

rewardoun, reivard. 

rewes, rues, now rew-es J^am ]>er 
res, noii; it repents them of their 

reyme, remove, take aivay. 

reymed, removed, bereaved. 

reyued, rifed or blazed abroad. 
Ab A. Sax. jiype, frequau. 

ribaudie, ribaldry, roguery. 

Ricardyii, Richard's party. Alio 

tok Kicardyn, p. J 92. alt 

these Richard's Party took. Sie 

uimirum Roberti de Brunne 




Verba explico, quse desunt in 
. textu Gallico. 

ricchesse, riches, 

JRichere, Richard. 

rif, fast. 

rif raf, (quisquiliae,) a great mix* d 
multitude of the inferior sort jum- 
bled together, rif & raf, p. 151, 
276. the most vile things are 
so called, rif no raf, p. 111. 
the least scrap, the least bit. See 

rife, frequent, common. 

rifle & raf, all vile things are so 
called. See rif. 

righ, right. 

right, rig/itly, righteously, upright- 
ly, right, justice, equity. 

rightwis, righteous. 

rike, rig. 

rincthed, ranged, ordered, disposed, 

Rions, p 268. Rion. 

risen, arisen, rising. 

riuale, 7-evel. 

riue, to arrive. 

ri uely ug, turning in and out, lurig- 

riue«, arrives. 

riuyng, arrival. 

robband, robbing. 

robis, robes. 

Robynet, Robert, Rohyn, little Ro- 

rode, rood. 

romance, romance, story. 
ron, run, ran. 
roncoled, rankled. 
ronnen, run. 
ros, arose. 
roson, reason. 
rote, root. 

ro]7er, rudder, oar. A. Sax. j\o^oji, 

Rouhan, Roan. Helianore forth 
hir dight to Rouhan hir menage, 
Eliunor set her self out to her bu- 
siness at Roan. 

rouht, rout, troop. 

roun, iim. 

roungers, gnawers, nippers. 

route, company, rout, multitude, 

rowe, rough, roughness. 

ruucys, horses, 

runties, horses. 

ryme, rim, border, edge. Ang. Sax. 
Jiima, ora, margo. 

ryiice, rince, cleanse. 

rynde, rind, branch. 

Rynes, Rhine, a River so called, 
from whence they used to have 
strange odd stones to be shot ia 

ryue, arrive, retided. 

ryued, arrived. 

ryuen, rended, torn. ];at schip 
salie alle to ryue, that ship 
shall be torn all to pieces, but 
the word in the French is, en- 
foundrer, which signifies sinking, 
drowning, or overwhelming 
(and thence our common word. 
foundering.) Ore tost dist le 
Reis, vous alez batyiler, As- 
saylez la i>eef, la fetes en* 


sacred, consecrated. 
sac rid, consecrated. 
said, said, spoke ^ 
saideii, suid^ 

DD 2 




saied, said. 
sailand, sailing. 
saile, accost. 

sais, tell, say, tellest, speakest. 
sakles, sackless, without cover, na- 
salle, shall, shalt. salle not spede, 

they shall not speed. 
same, same, agreed. Alle J>ei safiie 

)>is same. All of them agreed in 

this same thing. 
samen, together, summon, gather 

together, assembled, to assemble, 

at once. 
samenyng, fellowship, assembly, 

meeting, summoning, citation, con~ 

samned, (ab A, Sax. gej-amnian, 

congregare, convenire, &c.) as. 

sembled, summoned, gathered, ga~ 

thered together, met, called their 

forces together, convened. 
samnyng, assembly, rendevous. 
sandez, sands. 

sans, besides, since, aftenvards. 
sanz, nuilhout. 
sanz faile, sive sanzfaile, without 

Sarazin, Saracen, Saracens. 
Sarazins, Saracen. 
sare, sore. 
Sathans, Satan. 
sailed, shackled, embarassed. 
saue, safe. 

saued, saved, secured. 
sanely, safely. 

saufte, safety. 

sauh, said, made, saw. Isaac 
sanh his vow, Isaac made his 

sauhtillyng, settling, agreement, 

saut, assault. 

sautes, assaults. 

saw, saying, speech, jrat fe saw of 
nam, of whom this is reported. 

sawe, saying, answer, sayings, sto- 
ry, speech. & jit a noj^er sawe 
of behoues be spoken, it yet 
behoves us to speak of another 
story. This Word sawe or 
saw, for a saying or proverb, 
is us'd in many Places to this 
day, and it occurrs in the ve- 
ry beginning of the Preface to 
a very shrewd book, written 
by Dr. Nicholas Harpesfield, 
never yet printed, but is in MS. 
in the Library of New-CoUege 
(where I saw it on June 20, 
1719. and on May 13. 172.5.) 
and is intit'led, A Treatise of 
Dr. Nicholas Harpsfield's con- 
cerninge Marriage, occasioned 
by the pretended Divorce be- 
tween King Henry the Eight 
and Queen Catherine. The Pre- 
face, call'd The Epistle to the 
gentle Reader, begins thus, * 
- ^ and 
It is an old ^ true ^ saing, (gen- 
tle Reader) that &c. Mr. Wood 

• Coll. noEtr. MSS. Vol.83, p. 70. & Vol.107, p. 1S9. " This and is writ above 
the Line, in a different Hand. 3 n was first writ said sawe for saine, but corrected 
by the same Hand, that writ the and above the line. 


o Su 



(Aih. Oxon. Vol. 1. col. 172.) 
takes notice of this book, and 
of the beginning of it, but with- 
out saying any thing about the 
two Corrections (by another 
Hand) that I have mentioned 
in the Margin. He also ob- 
serves, that at the End of the 
MS. is this note : This copy was 
taken from the original, ivhich 
ivas found hy Mr, Topcliff in the 
house of William, somtimes ser- 
vant to the said Dr. Harpesfield, 
who confessed, that two lines of 
the said original, tvere of his said 
Masters own hand writing. I 
saw this Note at the End, but 
then for two lines 'tis two leaves 
in the MS. Yet a Friend told 
me at that time * (when I first 
saw this MS.) that in a Copy 
he had of this book it is two 
lines; which Copy he thought 
was as authentick as the MS. 
in New-CoU. besides which he 
mentioned a third, that was 
equally as valuable, in the hands 
of another Friend, And even 
I my self have now by me a 
little Folio MS. (being given 
me by a Gentleman of very 
eminent Virtues, who died in 
1721.) which contains many re- 
markable Extracts out of that 
work, among which is the in- 
tire Epistle to the Reader, be. 
ginning. It is an old true sad 

saying (gentle Reader J that truth 
is the daughter of time : &c. The 
last thing in these Extracts is 
this Memorandum : At the end 
of the Booke, from tvhence all, 
that is here, [was] transcribed, 
there is this Note: 

*' This coppie was taken from 
'' the originall, which was 
" found by Mr. ' Topliffe in 
" the house of William Car- 
" tor, sometime servant to 
" the said Doctor Nicholas 
" Harpsfield, who confess- 
" ed, that two leaves of the 
" said originall were of his 
" said Masters owne hand 
" writeing. 

There is abundance of secret 
History in this Book, some 
whereof is contain'd in the said 
Extracts, all which, however, I 
shall here pass by, not so much 
as insisting upon what he insi- 
nuates about Anne Bulien's be- 
ing K. Henry VHI^'s own 
Daughter (a point which hath 
been much urg'd by a learned 
anonymous Author, with whom 
I cannot agree, that I have re- 
ferr'd to elsewhere *) or what he 
notes about the King's being 
married to that Lady, long be- 
fore there was any Divorce, se- 
cretly at White Hall, very ear- 
ly before day, and will only 
beg leave (tho' 1 fear it may 


Prffif. ad Camdeni I:Hz. ^. VIII. 

* In the Errata to the former edition of Laogtofl, Hearne inserted the following 
Note on' this passage : 

" He is since dead, I find his Memory fait d him. For his Brother tells me, that 
" His expressly two leaves in the MS. and not two lines. The Transcript he sent me 
" of the Note at the End of the MS. is verbatim thus: This C ;pY was talcen from an 
" authentic Transcript of the original, which was found by Mr. Toplifte, in the House 
" of William Carter, some time servant to the said Dr. Nicholas Harpsfield, who con- 
" fessed that tvco Leaves of the said original were of his said Maatei's own hand 
" writing." Edit. 

DD 3 be 



be look'd upon as unseason- 
able) to insert two of his Re- 
marks, viz tiiat about the 
Death and Virtues of K. Hen- 
ry Vlilth's fust Queen, the 
Lady Katherine of Spain, and 
that which concerns the Mis- 
chiefs that occurrVl from the 
Dissolution of the Monaste- 

— "■ But the Pope," (saith this 
*' learned Writer) when he un- 
" derstoodj how ail such things, 
*' as wee have before declar- 
" ed, had passed in England, 
" was so farr from any man- 
" ner of confirmation of the 
" said divorce, tiiat he accurs- 
" ed the King and the whole 
" liealme. The procureing 
*' wheieof was imjjuted to 
" Q.ueen Catherine, and there- 
*' fore the Duke of SuUoIke 
*' was sent to her att Bugden 
" in December in the 25 yeare 
f of the King, where he break 
" the Older of her court, 
" and discharged a great sort 
*' of her household servants, 
" who beemg svvorne before 
" to serve her as Qucene, 
" would not now serve her 
" as Princess Dowager. In Ja- 
" nuary twelve month after 
" she departed att ' Kymbal- 
" ton, and chainged her woe- 
" full trouble.some life, with 
" the celestial heavenly life, 
" and for her terrestiall in- 

grate husband, found a 
kinder and better and a ce- 
lestiall spouse, from whome 
she shall never be seque- 
strated and divorced, but 
raigne with him in eternall 
glory for ever ' Att the time 
of her death, she wrote a let- 
ter to the King of this te- 
nor : Mj/ Lord and Deare 
Husband, I comcnd mee unto 
you. The hoiver of my death 
diaxoeth fast on, and my case 
beein<^ such, the tender love, J 
owe you,forceth mee wtth a few 
words to put you in remem~ 
berance of the health and safe^ 
guard cf your soule, xvhich you 
ought to prcferre before all 
iviirldly matters, and before the 
cure and tendering' of your 
ozone bodie, for the which you 
have cast mee into many mise- 
ries, and your selfe into mmj) 
cares. For my part, I do par- 
don yon, yea I do wish and de- 
vnutli/ pray God, that hee would 
also pardon yon. Then after 
she had commended to him 
her Daughter the Ladie Mary, 
and her household servants, 
desiring him to bee good to 
them, shea shutteth up her 
letter thus : finally, I de- 
clare that my Eyes desire no- 
thing, but only to see you. Att 
the reading of which letter 
the King burst out a weep- 
ing. Her dead corps was 




'**' carried to Peterborough, and 
•*' there interred. Before she 
" departed att Kimbolton, shee 
*' had iyen two yeares at Bug- 
" den, passing her soh'tarie life 
*' in much prayer, great ahiies 
" and abstinence, and when 
" shee was not this way owcu- 
*' pied, then was shee and her 
" gentlewomen workeing with 
" their owue hands, something 
" wrought in needleworke cost- 
" lie and artificially, which 
" shee intended to the honour 
" of God to bestow upon some 
*' Churches. There was in 
" the said Jhouse of Bugden a 
" cbaniber, with a window, 
" that had a prospect into 
" the chappell, out of the 
" which shee migiit heare di- 
•" vine service. In this cham- 
'* ber shee inclosed her selfe, 
" sequestred from all other 
" company, a greate part of 
" the day and night, and upon 
" her Knees used to pray att 
" the said windowe, leaning 
" upon the stones of the same. 
" There' was some of her gen- 
*' tleworaen, which did curi- 
" ously marke and observe all 
" her doeings, who reported, 
" that often times they found 
" the said stones so wett after 
" her departure, as though it 
" had rained upon them. It 

" was credibly thought, that iu 
" the time of her prayer shee 
"' removed the cushion^:, that 
" ordinarily lay in the same 
" Window, and that the said 
" stones were imbrued with the 
" tears of her devoute Eyes. I 
" have credibly also heard, that 
" att a time, w-hen one of her 
" Gentlewomen began to curse 
*' the Ladie Anne Bull :" [with 
whom Sir Thomas Wyatt the 
elder had had carnal pleasure, 
before the King married her, as 
Sir Thomas himself told the 
King when he endeavoured to 
disswade his Majesty from the 
Match, because her coHversatioa 
had been very loose and base, 
if you will believe what this 
Author observes in another 
place] " she answered, hold 
" your peace, curse her not, but 
^' pray for her, for the time will 
" come shortly, when you shall 
" have much neede to pittie and 
" lament her case, and so it 
" chanced indeed.'' In short, 
this Lady was one of the greatest 
patterns of true Humility, Chas- 
tity, and all Virtues, of that age, 
and 'twould have been very hap- 
py (according to this writer) 
for the King to have acted con- 
trary to what he did, espe- 
ciall}^ since himself always ac- 
knowledg'd her to be a Lady 

■ Sic. 
DD 1- 



of an unblemished Character 
and Reputation, But as the 
King was in this case manag'd 
by that great wicked man Car- 
dinal Wolsey (for such, if we 
credit this writer, he certainly 
was, notwithstanding his Gene- 
rosity and Hospitality) so the 
Cardinal himself, as well as the 
King, soon tasted, even in this 
Life, the Fruits of unparallel'd 
Villany, a term soft enough fin 
the opinion of this writer) for 
an Act, that derived such an 
ocean of Mischief upon the Na- 
tion, part of which was the de- 
struction of the Monasteries, 
which our Author (the second 
Remark I promised to mention) 
speaks of in the following man- 
ner : 

" Yea I will now add 

" and conclude withal), that the 
** only losse of the Monasleryes, 
" was not only for the decay of 
" Vertue, Prayer and Religion, 
" but allso of the publicke com- 
" mon Wealth, inestimable and 
** importable. I say, they were 
*' the very Nurseryes, not only 
" of pietie and devotion, but 
*.' allso of the happy flourishing 
" of the common wealth. Where 
*' were the blind and lame, or 
" the impotent poore people, 
*' fedd and succoured but 

there ? I have heard, that 
there were more such holpen 
in the Citty of Canterbury in 
one day, then bee now in all 
Kent ; more in Winchester in 
one day, then bee now in all 
Hampshire; and the like may 
bee said of other places. 
Where wet-e Noblemens, Gen- 
tlemens, and other mens 
sonnes, so well, so vertu- 
ously,and so mannerly brought 
up as they were there? Where 
' had the younger Brothers of 
■ Noblemen and Gentlemen 
' better entertainement then 
' there ? Who found so ma- 
' ny needie Schollers, and 
'Poore menns sonns at the 
' Universities, as they did ? 
' Whereby were the Rents, 
' and the price of other things, 
' so excessively * exhaunsed 
' but by the suppression of 
' the Abbyes ? Yett were 
' there some ignorant people, 
' that would taike, and some 
' fond fooleish Preachers, that 
' would preach, before the sup- 
' pression of the said Abbeys 
' (Eggs beeing then at twelve 
■■ or more a peny, and fish at 
■■ a very reasonable price) that 
' the Religious people, by 
' reason of theire fasting in 
' Advent and at other times. 





■ made those victualls deare. 
But since wee have been 
faine and gladd to buy three 
or fower Eggs a penny, and 
to pay three times or fower 
times so much for fishe, as 
wee did before. Yea I have 
crediblie heard, that our sea 
and our waters, in many 
places, have not so plenty- 
fully yeilded fishe, as they 
did before. Whereby is it 
come to passe, that where be, 
fore there dwelt many a good 
Yeoman, able to do the King 
and the Realme good service, 
there is no bodie now dwell- 
ing but a sheppard with his 
dogge, but by the suppression 
of the Abbeys? Whereby' 
is it, that whereas men were 
wont to eate sheepe, now 
sheepe eat up houses, whole 
townes, yea men and all, but 
by the suppression of the 
Abbeyes? What is the de- 
cay of Tillage, but the sup- 
pression of Abbeyes? What 
is the decay of wooddes, and 
the cause of the excessive 

■ price of wood, but the sup- 
• pression of the said Abbeyes, 
' which did carefully nou- 
' rish, supplie, and husband 

' the same ? What is one of 
' the causes, that the people 
' is now more charged, then 

they~were wont to bee, with 
subsidies, loanes, and other 
payments, but the suppression 
of the said Abbeyes, out of 
the v/hich was wont the 
Prince to bee furnished with 
money, when occasion of his 
suddaine and weighty affaires 
required present helpe ? A- 
gaine, what is one of the 
causes of the greate poverty 
and beggery of the People, 
but the suppression of the 
saide Abbeyes ? For whereas 
in times past a greate num- 
ber of both * sexe and kinde 
entered yearly into Religion, 
and there led a single chast 
life, now all such beeing 
since marryed, and they, 
theire children, and Child- 
rens children, beeing multi- 
plied in such an infinite num- 

' ber, neither Farmes sufficient 
for such a number can be9 
conveniently provided, nor 
yett can they live by the way 
of Merchandize or by occu- 
pying, but with the greate 
hinderance of other occupyer^ 
and merchants. Nor yett cai^ 
they, by service and retaine- 
raent with Noblemen and 
other Gentlemen, bee conve- 

' niently, in such a hughe 
number, provided for. I talke 
nothing here of divers o- 

Jt is IV^S. 





*' ther ititoUerable and import- 
" ablecJetryments, whereof one, 
*■' among other, is, the deface- 
" ing, distruction, and losse of 
" the old worthy Chronicles, 
*' and other rare monuments 
" (as yett unprinted) that were 
" carefully and tenderly kept 
" and preserved in the said 
" Monastery es, which losse if 
" it bee well valued, as it ought 
" to bee, is greater then I can 
" well expresse, and will bee 
" felt by the whole Realme 
•' and our posteritie many 
*' yeares after our death. Woe ! 
" therefore, even for very ci- 
*' ville and politicke causes, to 
** the said Prelate ", [Thomas 
Cranmer,] " that made the 
" lewde lying Sermon, for the 
" destruction of the said Ab- 
" beyes. Woe ! bee, therefore, 
" to them that procured the 
" spoyle and eversion of them. 
" Woe ! bee even to the 
" great Abbots themselves, that 
" wincked at the matter, yea 
" and gave theire consent to 
" the suppressing of the lesser, 
"■ thinking to keepe and pre- 
" serve their owne still, which 
" they could not do long after, 
" for all the faire and flattering 
" promises made unto them, 
" and for all that many of them 
" had (to theire greate char- 
" ges and impoverishment) pro- 
^' cured and purchased the con- 

tinueance of theire howses 
under the greate scale, as I 
have heard some of them re- 
port, rnly they got that be- 
nefitt that Poliphemus pro- 
mised to Ulisses, that is, hee 
would be so gratious and fa- 
vourable to him, that he 
would spare him and eate 
him last of all his fellowes. 
But yett Ulisses got himself 
by policie out of dainger, but 
these men could by no 
meanes provide, butt that 
theireAbbeyes were att length 
eaten and devoured as well 
as the lesser. All those which 
beeing under the cleere yeare- 
ly value of two hundred 
pounds, or not above, were 
given to the King by act of 
Parliament. But as for the 
residue, they came to the 
King's hands by one meanes 
or other, and that without 
any Act of Parliament at all. 
Such as would voluntarylie 
give over were rewarded with 
large annuall pensions, and 
with other pleasures. Again? t 
some other there were found 
quarrells, as against Hughe 
Farindone Abbot of Ked- 
ding, which was there hang- 
ed, drawne and quartered ; 
against Richard Whiting 
Abbot of Glassenbury, that 
was hanged on the Torr 
hill beside his monastery ; 
" against 



'** against John Beche Abbot 
*' of Colchester, put allso to 
" death ; which dreadful) sight 
" and heareing, made some 
" other so sore afiayde, that 
" they were soone intreated to 
" yeild over all to the King's 
" hands, and some thoui^ht they 
" escaped fay re, when they 
" escaped with their lives. So 
*' that after a few yeares there 
" needed no Parliament att all, 
" for the greate Abbeyes, they 
" came in oih^^rwise so thicke 
" and so roun ily, but only to 
" confirme such as had been 
" already relinquished, and 
" such other as should after- 
" ward bee so relinquished 
" and yeilded up to the King. 
" So much have I the more 
" said, that you may (Gentle 
" Reader) see the just hand 
" and plague of God upon these 
" great rich Abbotts, and theire 
" marvellous overthrowe, which 
" so lightly and unadvisedly 
" gave theire consents to the 
" overthroweing of the houses 
" of theire poore Brethren. 

Say, Saint. 

sayed, assayed, essayed, tried. 

scabbed, scabbed, shabby. 

scathe, loss, harm, with loss, dam^' 
age, hurt, scathes, losses, harms, 
diseases. The Word, which is 
properly Suxon (Mr. Somner 
/laving told us, in his Diction- 

ary, that j-ca^e is nocwnentum, 
noxd. harm, hurt, damage, 
mischief.) was made use of even 
after the Reformation. TJience 
in a wonderfull rare little book 
(consisting of seven sheets of pa- 
per in 8"^". J intit'lcd, A brefe 
Chronycle concerning the exa- 
mination and death of the Bles- 
sed martir of Christ | Sir John 
Oldecastell the Lord Cobham ( 
collected together by Johan 
Bale. Imprinted at London | 
by Anthony Scoloker. And 
Wyllyam Seres Dwelling wyth- 
out Aldersgate. ^ Cum Gratia 
et priuilegio ad Imprimendum 
solum, (at E iiij b, for the book 
is not paged) ive find it used in 
this passage : 

An other clerke yet asked him 
[the Lord Cobham,] VVyll ye 
than do none honour to the 
holy cross? 

He answered hifti. Yes | 
if he were myne I wolde lay 
him vp honestlye | and set vn- 
to him that he shuld take no 
more scathes abroade j nor be 
robbed of his goodes | as he is 
now a dayes. This book ivas 
given me in the year 1720. 
by my learned Friend, Ed. 
xvard Burton, of the Middle 
Temple, Esq;, and 'tis the on- 



ly Copy I ex)er yd saw, tho* I 
hear of several others, one of 
which was sold ia the first part 
of the Auction ' of my learned 
Friend Thomas Rawlinson, Esq; 
for three pounds. 

schad, distinguished, shaded, sha- 
doived, parted. 

schake, move. 

schaken, moved. 

scham, sluwie. 

schames, shames. 

Schap, shape, image. 

Schape, shape, form, frame, decree. 

schaped, shaped, formed. 

sche, she. 

scheawes, shetvs. 

sched, cast, separate. 1 Ab. A.Sax. 

schede, to depart. y jrceaban, 
segregare, dividere, separare. 

scheld, shield, defence, he jald 
him ilk a scheld, he yielded 
them every one up to his defence. 

schelde^ shield, target, buckler, pro- 
tection, government. 

scheltron, p. 305. shelter, cover^ 
ing; or rather schiltrons or round 
battailes. This word is used by 
our Author, with reference to the 
Battle of Foukirke, and upon the 
same occasion it may he proper 
here, to transcribe what is said by 
Hollingshede, in p. 833. of the 
last Volume of his Chronicles, 
printed in 15T7. which is the 
first, and the true genuine Edi- 
tion of that Work; and I insert 
the whole passage at large, be- 
cause the Book is very rare, and 
not to be met with easily. 

X. Triuct. 

The bat- 
taile of 

The Kyng nowe hearing that the Scottes were com., 
jnyng towardes him, raysed hys fielde, and wente 
foorthe to meete them, lodgyng the nexte nyghte in a 
fayre playne. In the morning very early, a greate alarme 
was reysed, so that euery man got him to armour, sup- 
posing the Scottes to be at hande. The horse appoynted 
for the kyngs saddle that day, as the Kyng shoulde haue 
got vppon hym, afrighted -with some noyse, starte a side, 
and threwe the Kyng downe wyth suche violence, that 
hee brake twoo of his ribbes, as the reportewent. Other 
Avrite, that his horse trode on hym in the night as he and 
his people rested them, keeping their horses still bridled, 
to bee ready the sooner vppon occasion of any necessitie: 
but howsoeuer hee came by hys hurt, he stayed not to 
passe forward in his purposed iourney, but mounting vp- 
pon an other horse, went forth wyth hys armye till he 

See the Catalogue, p. 57. 



came to a place called Foukirke, where both the ar- 
myes of England and Scotland met and fought. The 
Scottes were deuided into four schiitrons, as they 
termed them, or as we may say, round battailes, in 
forme of a circle, in the whiche stoode theyr people, 
that caried long staues or speares which they crossed 
ioyntly togither one wythin an other, betwixt which 
schiltrons or round battails were certain spaces left, the 
which wer filled wyth theyr archers and bowmen, and 
behinde all these were theyr horsmen placed. They 
had chosen a strong grounde, somewhat sideling on the 
side of a hill. The Erles Marshall, Herford, and Lin- 
colne whiche ledde the fore warde of the Englishemen, 
at the first made directly towardes the Scottes, but 
they were stayed by reason they founde a marys, or an 
euill faaoured mosse betwixt theyr enemy es and them, 
so that they were constreyned to fetche a compasse to- 
Wardes the weste side of the fielde. 

The Byshop of Durham ruling in the seconde bat- 
taile of the Englishemen consisting of sise and thirtie 
standerds, or banners, knowing the let of that mosse 
or maris, made toward the Easte side, hasting forth to 
be the firste that shoulde giue the onset : but yet when 
they approched neare to the enemies, the Bysshoppe 
commaunded his people to staye tille the thyrde battaile, 
which the Kyng led, mighte approch : but that valiant 
Knyght the Lorde Raufe Basset of Drayton sayde to 
hym : " My Lorde Byshoppe, you may goe and say 
Masse, which better becometh you, than to teache vs 
what we haue to doe, for wee will doe that that belong- 
eth to the order of warre :" and herewyth they hasted 
foorthe on that syde to chardge the fyrste schiltron of 
the Scottes, and the Earles wyth theyr battaile on the 
other side, and euen vppon the firste brunt, the Scot. 
tishe horsemen fledde, a fewe only excepted, which stayed 
to keepe the footemen in order. And amongest other, 
was the brother of the Lorde Stewarde of Scotlande, 
who as hee was aboute to set in order the bowemen of 
Selkirke, by chaunce was unhorsed, and slayne there 
amongest the same bowemen, and many a tall mans bo- 
dye wyth hym. The Scottishe archers thus being slain, 
the Englishemen assailed the speare men. but they keep. 


The order 
of the Scot- 
tishe bat- 

The Earlm 
and Lin- 
colne ledde 
the fore 

of Durham 
ledde the 

The Lorde 
Basset of 
to the Bi- 
shop of 

The Scot- 
ti^.he horse- 
men flee. 

Their ar- 
These Scut- 



tish speare- 
men wer 
of Gallo. 
waye, as 

N. Triuet. 

Mat. West. 
hath four- 
tye thou- 

ing them selues close togyther, and standyng at defence 
wyth theyr speares like a thicke wood, kepte out the En- 
glishe horsemen for a while, and foughte manfully, though 
they were sore beaten wyth shotte of arrowes by the En- 
glishe archers a foote ; and so at length galled wyth shot, 
and assailed by the horsemen on eche side, they begun to 
disorder and shrinke from one side to another, and her- 
M'ith the horsmen brake in amongst them, and so they 
were slaine and beaten down in maner all the whole num» 
ber of them. Some saye there dyed of the Scottes that 
daye (beyng the twoo and twenty of July, and the feaste 
of Mary Magdalene) aboue twentie thousande. Other 
write, that there were slaine at the leaste to the number 
of XV. thousande. The Scottishe writers alledge that 
this battaile was loste by treason of the Cuniyns and o- 
ther, as in the Scottish historie ye may more plainly per- 
ceiue, with more mater touching the same battaile : 

scheme, shame. gode to sche- 
me's dede & pyne, tvent Cor 
came) to a shamefull death and 

schende, to trouble, disorder, de- 
stroy, loose. 

schene, shining. 

schant, confounded,destroyed,spoil'd , 
lost, ruined, shamed, troubled, cor- 

schente, spoiled. 

schet, shot, rush'd, sat, cast, made. 
Jjorgh schet ]>am als J^e ro, they 
shot them through with arrows as 
the roe buck, 

schewned, shelved. 

schilde, shield, defend. 

schille, p. 30. shrill. 

schire, shire, district, province, 

schirue, sheriff. 

scho, she. 

Schobschire, p. 97. (pro Schrob- 

schlre, ut in versu mox prece- 
dent i) Shropshire. 

schok, moved, ran, run. 

schoke, shook, moved, extended. 

schond, confound, perplex, destroy, 
confusion, wreck, 

schone, shone, shined. 

schonne, shun, avoyd, to glitter. 

schorte, shorten. 

schoten, shot. 

schoure, breach^ wound. 

schoures, showers, griefs, 

schreward^ ribald, rascal. 

schriue, shrive, confess, consult. 

schrowe, p. 159. shrew. I shrew 
(for a murrain take) is a com- 
nion expression in several parts. 

even at this t 

schryue, confess. 
schryuen, confessed. 
sclaundire, slander. 
scole, school. 





scornand, scorning, mocking. 

scorted, shorted, shortened. 

Scottis, Scottish. 

scris, ivritings. 

scrite, ivriting. This Word Scrite 
ivas very properly made use of 
by our old Writers, with respect 
to the famous Roll, called Domes- 
day Book. Robert of Gloucester 
indeed in his Chronicle, p. 374. 
useth both the word writ, and the 
xvord boke ; but the Author of 
the prose English Chronicle of 
England, in the ingenious Mr. 
Ward of Lotigbridge's hands (ta- 
ken from Robert of Gloucester) 
hath no other word than screyte. 
In the seven yere (saith he) of 
his Reame his [William the Con- 
queror's] mod re diede, vppon 
alle alle {sic] Soules day. Th*e 
King William wolde vnderstond 
the valowe of the londe of 
alle Englonde, and howe many 
Shires, and howe [manyl plough 
londe in a Shire, and howe 
many townes, a whate rentes 
of wodes and waters, seruyces 
and customes. So that he wist 
whate alle Englond was worth, 
and lett writt hit in a Screyte, 
and sett hit in the tresury of 
Westmystre. And there hit is 
yet for a President, 

scritte, writing. 

scryuen, shriven, confessed. & 
)»erof clen be scryuen, and 
thereof a confession be fully re- 


se, see, say, dignity, sea. 

seche, seek. 

sedgeyng, saying, telling. 

see, sea. 

seel, soul, non seel, no soul. 

seere, sore, several, separate. 

sees, seest. 

seged, besieged. 

seggers, sayers, historians. 

seie, say, said. 

seignorie, power, dominion^ do7ni~. 
nions, demeasn, daneasns, lord^ 
ship, sovereignty. 

seignories, dominions. 

seignory, dominion, power, nobi- 

seis, says, 

seise, place, settle^ give seizin, 

seised, settled, seized. 

seke, sick, seek, 

sekenesse, sickness. 

selcouth, (rarus,) strange, odd, sel- 
dom seen, strange thing, a fulle 
selcouth rede, a very odd or 
strange counsel or purpose, a grete 
selcouth, a very strange thing. 

selcouthe, strange, uncouth, fulle 
selcouthe, very strange, 

selcouthes, strange things. 

selcouthest, strangest. 

selcouthly, strangely, odly. 

self, self same, same. 

selli, wonderful. 

sellis, sells. 

selly, silly. 

seluen, selves. 

sely, silly. 



semand, summoned, warned, seen* 
ly, seeming. 

semblablye sive sembleablye, like- 
xvise, in like manner. 

semble, assembly. 

sen, since, after. 

sendis, sends, sent. 

sendus, sends. 

sene, see. 

sent, saint. 

sere, divers, several, different, di- 

serganz, sergeants. 

sergeanz, sergeants. 

serke, shirt. 

serkis, shirts. 

sermon}'ng, speech, discourse. 

sermoun, sermon, speech. 

sers, several, divers, particular, 

seruage, slavery. 
seruand, servant. 
ses, sees, seest, cease. 
sesed, seized, possessed. 
sesse, cease. J^er for ne wild he 
sesse, he ivould not there/ore cease 
or lin. 
Sessons, Saxons, 
set, sett'st. 
setan, sat. 
setnesse, decree. 
seton, sat. 
setteud, seventh, 
seuent, seventh. 
aewed, followed. 
sext, sixth. 
sexte, sixth. 
sextend, sixteenth. 

seye, see, say, to say. 

seyen, seen to or settled, forgh 
seyen, thoroughly settled. 

shad, separated. 

shende, spoiled. 

sho, she. 

shrowe, shrew. I shrowe, be- 
shrew. I shrowe alle }>er ma- 
ners, p. 236. a curse on all their 
manners. See schrowe. 

sib, under. 

si bred, consanguinity. 

sihi, saw. 

siker, secure, sure. 

sikerd, assured. 

si k ere, secure, confirm, secured. 

sikered, secured. 

sikerer, a securer, a mare secure, 
a more safe. 

sikerly, surely, 

si kernes, security, surety, bond. 

sikernesse, security, surety, sureness. 

sikred, secured, confirm'd. 

Sir (written oftentimes sere, as 
well as sire, in Mr. Sheldon's 
MS. of the Lives of the Saints. J 
Dominus, Sir. About this word 
J shall refer the Reader to my 
Glossary to Robert of Gloucester, 
and at present will note, that 
the word Dominus', in the old 
Epitaphs in Ew-Elm Church 
near Dorchester in Oxfordshire, 
is us'd as a title for a Bat- 
chelour of Arts, as may appear 
from the word niagister, us'd in 
the same Church for a Master 
of Arts. 

Coll, nostr. MSS. Vol.77, p. 190, 193. 




sire, ^eer, father ^ lord. 

site, sigh, lamentation, sight. 

sij;en, since, after, afterwards, 
moreover, furthermore, after 
that, since that time, after that 

siJ7es, times. 

skam, shame, disgrace, dishonour. 

skandere, slatider. 

skandre, slanderous, scandalous. 

skajje, (ab Anglo-Sax. j-ceaj'ian 
sive gej'ceajjian, nocere, spo- 
liare, &c,) hurt, harm, loss, 
mischief, damage. See scathe. 

skiile, skill, reason, opinion, judg- 
ment, discretion, did no skiile, 
cared not. & wild vnto no skiile, 
and would hearken to no reason. 
he schewed J^ara \q skiile, he 
certified, he assured. The word 
skyles or skilles (in the plural) 
occurrs for reasons in a piece of 
an old Homily, in old English, 
written, as I guess, in the 
Reign of K. Rich. II. and lent 
me by Thomas Ward, of Long, 
bridge, Esq;. The Subject is 
Charity. It beginns thus : And 
for we speke of charite and loue 
of god and oure bre]>ere, ic 
' segge, )>ou most loue god more 
J?an alle Jyng, je more J7an J7y 
self. & J^at for iiu skyles. jie 
firste is, for ]7ou * nadest neuere 
ibe, jif he ne were. ]>e u is, j^at 

for loue of ]>e he made alle 
werkes, J>at he euere made, pe 
III is, for 5 J7o J70U were for lore 
]7orou Adam's synne, he dyede on . 
J^e rede tre to * bugge J^e. ]>e 1111 
is, Jjat jif }70u haue * sengeg, 
he ^e 6 wite]? fro j^e fynd by 
his power, to whom J^ou hast 
J^e bytake, and is redy to ' vnder- 
fonge jie to mercy, jif J^ou wilt 
come to mendement, & jet he 
ha]? 8 ygrey]7ed to J^e ioye wi]? 
outen ende, J^at euere schal 
laste gif ]?ow wolt it deserue. 
& Jjerfore skil wele, J^at J^ow 
loue hym so myche, }?at raj^er 
]7ou schuldest geue fy body to- 
brenne )»an any ]>yng do ajenst 
his wille, where J^orow j^at he 9 
enes were wroj? wi]? J^e. jet jjou 
most loue jii self most, & ]?at 
in J^is twey maners, & eyj^er 

maner for twey skilles. 

Some old MSS. zcrite schilles 
for skilles, 4' so His in Mr. 
Ward's excellent MS. of the 
Book, called Festival or Festial, 
where the printed book useth 
for it the more modern Word 

skip, skip, leap, arise. 

skitte, rash. 

skornes, scornest. 

skrite, zcriting. 

Skulk, sculk, lurk here and there. 

« Say. » Hadst never been. 3 When thou tcast lost. 
Defendeth. 7 Receive' • Prepared. » Once- 

Buy, redeem. ^ Sinned' 

Vol. IT. 




skulkand, sculkingi 

skulked, sculked^ depended. 

skurne, scorn, disgrace. For Sa- 
razin ne wild he skurne j^at 
were of his eschele, He would 
not disgrace (hose that xcere 
of his troop, or company, for 
the Saracens. 

slaw en, slain. 

slede, the valley. 

:l:f^"' }"'»'*''-*'•"• 

slo, slay, to slay^ 

slouh, sleic. 

slowe, slezo. 

sraert, smart. 

smerte, wound, smdtt, s^nartly, 
brisk, rough, sharp, fodied alho 
smerte, arid died also of his 

smerthed, smartness. 

jimertly, smartlj/. 

smote, drove, struck. 

srayte, smite, struck,forge,coi>i. 

emyten, smitten, struck, forged, 

snyten, cut off. From the Sax. 
j^niban, scindere. 

Sodomite, Sodomy. 

soiorne, tarrying, sojourning, so- 
journ, stay, tarry, if I may my 
soiorne, if I may sojourn my 
self, if I still tarry. 

ioiour, sojourning. 

soioure, sojourning, habitation, 

som, at once, For wirschip of j^e 
werld forsoke ]jou alle & som, 
and at once, out of regard to the 
zeorld, thou forsookest all. 

somerestide, summer time,eummer 

somond, summoned, 

son, soon. 

sond, will, mind, commandment^ 

command, messenger, amhassa^ 

dour, message, ambassage, news. 
sonde, messenger, 7nessage, am* 

bassadour, commission. 
sondre a partie, to divide apart. 
sone, soon. 
songen,- sung^ 
songon, Slings 
sonkeii, sunk. 
Sonne, soon. 
sore, sorely. 
soth, truth, true. 
soth sawe, true saying. 
sothe, truth. 
soj'ly, truly. 
sottis, sotts. 
souched, couched, cast. 
Soudan, Sultan, Saladine. Sous, 

dan Saladyn, Sultan (or Soh 

dan) Saladine. 
souders, souldiers, 
setloiioure, p. 280. souldier. But 

it should be rather sojourner 
for soudioure, if we will follow 

the French. 
souht, sought, on" londes souht, 

sought satisfaction on his lands/ 

seized upon his lands. 
souhtes, soughtest. 
soure, sore. 
south, sought. 
sowlus, souls. 

spak, speke, spoke, spoken. 
sped, sped, made, speed, proceeded, 

hied, hastened, went, gone, suc- 
ceeded, fared. 
spede, speed, run. 
spedis, speeds, speed, succeeds. 




speie, spilt, loose, spoil. 

spellis, spells, relates^ teaches j tells, 

spendes, spendesf, consumest. 

spendid, spended, spent. 

spendyng, spending, money, ex- 

spene, block up, stop up. 

spense, expe7ices. 

spente, expences. 

sperd, sparred, barred, looked af- 
ter, shut, inclosed, shut up, im~ 
prisoned, spared. 

spere, spear. 

sperre, examin, search out, try. 

speyr^ hope. ]?e Londreis wer in 
speyF) him for J^ar kyng vplift, 
they were in hopes, that the Lon~ 
doners would exalt or make him 
to be their king. 

speyre, aspiring, inquiry, hope, 
looking after, ab A. Sax. j-py- 
jiian, explorare, investigare. 
Of Roberd is no speyre to mak 
of parlement, the Farliament is 
to make no inquiiy about Ro^ 

spiand, spying. 

spie, spies. 

spille, spoil. 

Spire, search, 

spired, examined, inquired. 

spires, zcatches, spies. 

Spiritualties, Spiritualia, the Pro- 
Jits ■vohich a Bishop, Abbat, or 
other ecclesiastical person, re. 
ceives, not as he is a temporal, 
but as he is an ecclesiastical, 
officer. The Spiritualties, there- 
fore, of a Bishop, being com- 
monly defined to be those Pro. 

Jits, which he receiveth, as he 
is a Bishop, and not as he is a 
Baron of the Parliament, from 
the understanding thereof the 
nature of other Spiritualties 
may easily be conceived. See 
CoxseVs Interpr. 

spoken, spoke. 

sposage, spo usage, marriage. 

spouse, spouse, espouse, marry>. 

sprad, spread, disperse. 

spredis, spreads. 

sprit sancti, holy Ghost. 

squierie, squiery, squires, esquired. 

stabille, establish. 

stabilly, firmly, certeyn be holden 
stabilly, be accounted Jlrm and 

stable, stable, establish, conjirm. 

stabled, established, confirmed. 

stal, stole. 

stalle, stall, stable, prison: 

stalworth, valiant, strong, stout, 

Stalwor]?ely, couragiously. 

stalwortWy, couragiously. 

stampe, pond, from the French 
estangi, a great pond, pool, or 
standing water. 

stanche, (ab Anglo. Sax. j-tincan, 
hebetare, sanguinem compe» 
scere.) asszcage, stop. 

standand, standing. 

standen, stood. 

stank, p. 68. standing, smellingi 
(See Skinner in voc. stink, > 
sed stang malim, i. e. stagn, 
si'ce lake, nisi bank reponen. 
dum esse existlmes. Potest 6; 
Strang (i. e. strong) legi. 

stark, strong, hard, rigid, sharp. 
K E 2 oste 



oste stark, a strong armif. 
Starke, strong. 
staworth, stout. 

stede, place, places, horse,, steed. 
stedes, places, horses, points. 
steem, esteem. 
stele, steely steal. 
stem, stem, root, stock, original. 
stength, strength. 

Sterne, opening. \& tyme at \e 
day Sterne, at the time of day 
sterre, slir. 

stete, {pro strete,) street. 
stie, cavern,, crinh, way, 
ascent, from the Sax. ytijan, 
zchich sig7iijies both to ascend 
and to descend. 
Stille, assiduously, incessantly, di. 
ligently, still, quiet, as yet, 
stilly, privately, secretly. 
stinkand, stinking. 
stirte, started. 
stith. stithy, hardy. Angl. Sax. 

jti^, durus,fortis, &c. 
stode, stood. 
stokked, imprisoned^ inclosed, Jix' 

ed in. 
§tompus, stumps. 
stoned, stunn'd, daunted. 
store, many. 
stound, time, little while, oii a 

stound, in a little time. 
stounde, time, little time. oti a 
stounde, on a time, on a sud. 
den, in a little time. 
stoundes, times, minutes, ne salle 
be many stoundes. nor shall be 
in many years. with in fo 
stouudeSj within few minutes^ 

in a little time, in a trice. So 
that His the same with what 
the Hebrews calVd in the sin^ 
gular irj"i a moment, and in 

the pi. a»rJ"i moments, or the 
least particles of time, such a» 

are mentioned in Isaiah xxvii. 

stour, > {ah Jnglo-Sax. jc^pan, 
stoure.j jrteopan vel j^tiejian, tur-- 

bare, niovere, irritare ; unde 

vulg. to stir.) Jight, assault, 

biUtle, stir, disturbance, motion. 

J'er ^e bataile was stoure, where 

the battle was fought. 
stours, battles, zoarrs, stirrs. 
straied, strayed, went, rambled. 
strangere, (in the Prologue,) a kind 

of rhythmical verse. 
strangle, tnay be strangled. 
streite, strict, exactly, (statiin,) 

straight vel strait, straightly, 

strictli/, narrowly, closely, pre-^ 

streiter, stricter, straiter. 
streitly, strictly. 
slrcnj^e, strength. 
stresse, stress, hardship, violencey 

distress. Angl. Sax. jcjiecey 

vis, violentia. 
streyjte euou owte, even straight 

out, stretched even out. 
stroie, destroy. 
stroied, destroyed. 
strong, strong, hard, it is fuUe- 

strong, it is very hard. 
stroupe, stirrup. 
stroye, destroy. 
stund, minute, instant. 
sturbled, troubled, confounded, 

spoiled, marred, rujfled. 




fituried, stirred. 

stynt, stoody stop, stoppage, als 
J7ei togidir stynt, as they stood 
or contended together. Ofnon 
Je had ay to stynt, they never 

4tynte, stinted, stopped, ceased. 

sua, so. 

suelle, swelling, proud. 

suete, szceet. 

sueuen, dream. 

•sueyn, swain, servant, svcains, 
young men. 

sueynes, swains, young men. 

suffre, suffer, bear, undergo. 

suilk, such. 

suiJ7e, apace, readily, quickly, 
speedilj/, hastily, quick, suij^e 
ta bataile mad him gare, made 
him very ready to battle, or put 
himself with speed in order of 
lid, shoi 

sulle, shall, should. 

sundred, separated, divided. 

suowe, swag, (vacillatio,) noise, 
sound, Ab A. Sax. j"pej, J"pe5e, 
sonus, clangor, S^c. 

sur ]e Rone, (super Rhodanum,^ 
sive upon the Rhone. 

surgien, surgeon. 

surplis, surplices. 

Surreis, people on the South side 
of the Thames, Southern men. 

Surrie, Syria. 

sursante, rising. 

sate, after. 

suylk, such. 

suyth, quickly, swiftly, he hied 

him j^ider suyth, he hied him 

thither quickly or very fast. 
suythe, apace, very, he hied hi- 

der suythe, he hied hither a- 

swalle, sxoelVd. 
svvilk, such. 
syj, saw. 
sygte. sight. 
synods sive synodes, councils, C'^l 

synodals, synodies. Pecuniary 

Rents, paid to Bishops &c. at 

the time of the Annual Synods, 

by every Parochial Priest. 
systeren, sisters. 

ta, to. 

tabard, (Fr. tabarre.J taberd, a 
jacket, jerkin, mandilion, or 
sleeveless coat, worne in times 
past by Noblemen in the warrs, 
but now only by Heralds, and is 
called their coat of Arms in 
service. Verstegan tells us, in 
his Restitution of decayed intel. 
" ligence ', that tabert was an- 
^' ciently a short gown, that 
*' reached no further than to 
" the mid-leg, that it remain- 
** eth for the name of a gown 
'' in Germanic and in the Ne, 
" therlands, and that in Eng~ 
'' land it is now the name only 
" of a heralds But what 
Stowe tells us, in his Survey of 
London, /* more remarkable^ 
where talking of several fair 

Pag' 233. Ed, Anlw. 1605. 4" 
E£ 3 




Inns in Southwark, he takes 

occasion to speak of the Ta. 

f?ard Inn as the most ancient 

of them, and thereupon writes 

thus ' : *' Amongst the zchich 

" Innes, the most an. 

The Tabard ;, ^ .^^^ .^ ^^ Tabard, 

inSouthwark; ,, „ , „ ' 

'' so called of the 

" signe, zchich as wee now terme 
*' it, is of a Jacket or sleevelesse 
" coate, whole before, open 
" on both sides, with a square 
^' collar, winged at the should. 
<' ers: a stately garment, of 
*' old time commonly worne 
^' of Noblemen and others, 
" both at heme and abroad 

^' in the wars; hut then {t& 
" wit, in the warrcs) their 
" Armes embroidered, or o. 
" therwise depict upon them, 
" that every man by his Coate 
" of Armes might bee knowne 
'' from others : But now these 
*' Tabards are onely zoorne 
" by th^ Heralds, and bee 
" called their Coates of 
" Ar7nes in Sermce. For the. 
" Inne of the , Ta- 
"6arJ, Geffrey Chau. ^.^Sr. 
" cer,Esquire,the most 
*' famous Poet of England, in 
" commendation thereof, wru, 
" teththus: 

^' It befell in that season, on a day, 

*' In Southwqrke, at the Tabert, as I lay, 

*' Ready to wend on my P^igrim^ge 

*' To Canturbury, with full devout courage | 

*' That night was comen into the Hosiery 

*' Well nine and twenty in a company, 

*' Of sundry folke, by adventure yfall,' 

*' In fellowship and Pilgrims were they all, 

" That toward Canturbury woulden ride : 

" The Stables and Chambers weren wide, 

^* And well we were eased at the best, <^c. 

^} Within this Inne was aU 
" so the Lodging qf the Ab. 
" bot of Hide (by , the Ci. 
" 'i/ <^f Winchester) a fair e 
*' house for him and his 
" Traine, when hee came to 
" the City to Parliament, 
" &c." The Batchelots of Arts 
(upon the Foundation) in 

Queen* s-College in Oxford (a^ 
"'tis zcell known) are caWd 
Tabiters or Taberders,/A-o?« iheif 
being obliged to wear a taberd 
or short gown. 

tached, tacked, fastened. 

taile, taiL 

ber, to order, 

ilk taile, every 

Pr.S'ibQ. Ed.fuh 




tak, take^ took, pass. 

take, commit. I take ia gour 
kepynges, / committ to your 

tald, accounted. 

tale, number. 

tallage, tribute^ tax, tollage, toll, 
taxes, impositions. 

^apised, lurk'd, lay hid. 

targe, target, shield. 

tateles, tattles, twattles. 

tauht, taught, committed to. 

team, generation, offspring, child, 

teld, told, said, accounted. 

telle, call, think, reckon, a saynt 
he men telle, men call him a 
faint. I telle, I think it. 

tellis, tell, tellls fro, iellest of, 
speakest of. 

teme, issue. 

itemporalties, the temporal State of, or the Profits 
zehich a Bishop, Abbat, or other 
ecclesiastical person, receives, 
not as he is an ecclesiastical, 
but as he is a temporal, 
officer. See Spiritualties. 

The nature of these Tern, 
poralties will be the better 
perceived, from what Cowell 
says cone, the Temporalties of 
Eishops (Temporalia) being (as 
he notes) such revenues, lands. 

and tenements, as Bishops have 
had laid to their Sees by the 
Kings and other great persqnages 
of this land from time to time, 
as they are Barons, and Lords of 
the Parliament. 

tend, tenth. 

tende, tenth. 

tens, sorrow, trouble. 

tened, provoked, troubled. 

tenement, tenement, tenements, 
territories, inheritance, or lands 
held in fief, by Cens, or a chief 
rent, lands possessed, or held 
absolutely. Houses or Lands 
held of another. 

tent, try, heed. 

tentis, tents. 

terrours, terrors, terrers, or ter. 
riers, (from terra,) a particular 
or survey of a Mannour, or of 
ones uhole estate of landsy 
containing the quantity of 
acres and boundaries there^ 
of '. Also it signifies the Sur. 
vey of lands and profits be. 
longing to a Parsonage or Vi.. 
caridge, such as that of the 
Vicaridge of Waltham.Ab. 
bats or White-Waltham near 
Maidenhead in Berks, which 
I shall here beg leave to in. 
sort *, as it was communicat.. 
^d to me many Years ago : 

\ Blount's Inttrp- ofhardviords. « E Coll. nostr> USS. Vol 



« IVaU 



*' Waltham-Abhots a. 
<< lias White-Wa'tham 
*' Com.BerksDioc.Sarum 
^ Novemb. 27th. 1704, 


A Terrier of such Lands, Tiths, Proffits 
and Emoluments, as belong to the Vicar- 
idge of the Parish of VValtham-Abbots, 
alias White-Waltham, aforesaid. 

« TMprir 

there is be. 
longing to the said 
Vicar a licaridge house^ and 
a little Barne, icith a Gard. 
en-Plott, and one Acre of 
Ground thereunto adjoyn. 

" Item, there belongeth to 
*' it an Annual pension of 
" Forty Shillings, paid out- of 
*' her Majestie's Exchequer. 

" Item, there is due to the 
*' said Vicar all manner of 
" Tithsy except corn, which 
" are to be paid in kind, there 
*' being no Custom or Pres. 
" cription to the contrary, 
*' which zee know of, except 
^' one, which is one peny for 
" every Cou's Milk yearly. 

" Item, thete belong to the 
*' Vicar all Oblations and 
*' Mortuarie:. 

" Item, all the Surplice fees, 
*' viz. for Burying of any Pa- 
'' rishoner in the Church or 
*' Chancel tzco shillings, and 
" in the Church-yard one 
" shilling, and for every For. 
*' reigner double, as also for 
*' every Marriage by License 
" 5 shillings, with Banns pu~ 
*' blished two shillings six 
" pence, and where the fVo. 

man is married in any other 
Parish ten shillings, as also 
one shilling for every Church- 

" Item, there is due to the 
Vicar ten Shillings for Break, 
ing of the Ground in the 
Chancel for any Parishoner, 
and tvoenty shillings for any 
out.Parishoner, that shall be 
huryed there, the Vicar al. 
waies maintayning the Floor 
of the Chancel. 
" Item, there is payable 
yearly from the impropria^ 
tor to the said Vicar these 
Quantitys of Corn, viz. 18 
Bushells of Wheate, 18 
Bu shells of Barly, and 16 
Bushells of Beans and Pease, 
on the Feast of St. Michael 
tharchangel, or within 30 
dales after. 

*' Item, we doe find by cer. 
tain antient Terriers, that 
there is belonging to the 
said Vicar, the Tith-corn 
of certaine Garden-Plotts, 
in Number seaven, whereon 
have houses stood in for- 
mer Times. The Fields, 
or Places, in which they 
lye, are, first, in Joan-croft, 
containing 2 Quarters of an 
'« Acre, 


*^ Acre. 2dli/ in Longer oft, 
*' contayning as much ground. 
^' 3dlj/ in Staples, contayning 

" one Acre. Athly in ' 

*^ an other contayning an o- 
'' ther Acre. bthly in Bin- 
" fields croft, contayning 3 
" quarters of an Acre. 6thly 
" in Rogers croft one^ con^ 
*' tayning one Acre. Ithly 
" in Bucketts owe, contayning 
*' one Acre. 

" All these forementioned 
*' Tiths, Fees, Pension, Quan. 
*' titles of Corn and Tith. 
" Come of Garden-Plofts, 
*' have been paid to the Vi- 
" cars there from Time to 
" Time. 

testimons, testifyes. 

|?ai, they. 

Jjam, them, they, themselves. 

\am\, them, they. 

jjam self, themselves. 

J'an, then, when, bi J^an, by then, 
by that time: J»an had jiei won 
jjei fer had souht. When they 
had got what they sought for far. 

J^ank, thank, thanks, favour. 

Jar, their, there. 

Jare, their, there. 

Jjat, that, those, the, before that, 
but, then, fro Jat now lyue, 
from those that noxo live. to 
duelle J^at with \e kyng, p. 154. 

to droell then tuith the king, nisi 
mails, to dwell that time w'th the 
king, vel j^ar pro j^at reponas. 
>at >at p. 222. those that. 

j^ate, that. 

Jaw 5, though. 

thawjte, taught. 

Je, Mey, the, thee, thy self, to thee, 
those, of those, thigh, them, that. 

thede, nation, people, province. 

Jei, the, they. 

Jenk, think, him Jenk, he thinks. 

]7er, there, their, of them, the, 
where, that, these, ouer alle 
Jer Jam Jink, every zohere zchere 
they thought Jit. A litelle Jer 
biforn, a little before that. Jer 
as, there as, whereas, in the place 
where, whereat. 

Jer bi, thereafter, after that. 

Jerfor sive Jer for, therefore. 

Jerforn, therefore. 

Jerfro. therefrofn, of it. 

Jer in, therein. Jer mor, tnore 
than that. 

Jerrej there. Jerre as non seen be 
fore, where none zcas seen be. 

Jer Jro, there thorough, thorough 

Jertille sive Jere tille, thereto. 

Jerto, thereto, for that, therefore. 

Jes, these. 

these, p. 13. [in not.] this. 

theues, thievish, thief ^s. 

thewe, threw. 

Jey, the, they. 

' This was torn, (saith my honoured Friend, that communicated this Paper) I coulj 
BOt make it out. 




J? he, thei/. 

Jhit, that. 

Ji, thee, thy. 

fider, thither, fider I salle, p. 142, 
thither I shall go. 

Jien, thence. 

Jing, thing, things. 

Jink, thinks. 

J>inkis, thinks. 

fis, these. 

j^ise, these. 

j>i}en, thence. 

thnke, p. 86. ^ftjw^. 

I'D, these, this, the, their, those, 
then, thou, that. In p. 320. 
idem est quod ihrovgh, Etqui~ 
dem \vo potius legendum esse 
ad imum pagince monui. 

j'of, though. 

]?oled, sujferedst. 

]?oo, so, then. 

Jjor, there, lohere. 

thore, therefore, inhere, there. 

fprgh, over, thither, through, by, 
of. jjorgh sight, apparent, as his 
heyre j^orgh sight, in p. 127. 
is Aw heir apparent, 

J'orghe, through. 

jjorgh for, therefore. 

)»orght, throughout, through. 
j^orght schete, shot through, run 
through, rushed through. 

J70U, thou, thy self. 

J70uh, thought. 

j»ouht, p. 155. thought. Kt qui- 
dem secutus sum Codicem 
MS. {ut alibi etiam) hoc in 
voce, licet re vera malim 
pouht, idem quod vulgb di. 
cimus pout, de its scilicet in, 
telligendumj qui ex indigna- 

tione mire inflare, labiaque 
proinde protrudere Solent. 

I'D uhtis, thoughVst of. 

Jralle, slaves, a slave, servant. 

jrawe, time, while, passion, angert 
a gode J7rawe, a good while. 

J^re, three. 

jjretis, threats, threatens. 

Jrette, threatened, 

Jretty, thirty, 

Jrid, third. 

jjride, third, 

ihxWledi, pierced, bored through. 

jjrin, three. 

\nng, press, squeeze, thrust, 

thrist, thrust. 

thrittene, thirteen. 

Jjritti, thirty, 

thro, suffer, suffering, passion, 

j^hrotus, throats. 

throw, time, bi tjirow, betimes, 

throwe, time, minute, very little 
time, season, while, little while. 

jjrydde, third, 

Jrytty, thirty. 

]?hryue, thrive. Clerkes j^at wild 
)>ryue. Clerks that would thrive, 
\. e. were provident and care- 
full, as being indeed poor them- 

Thurday, Thursday. 

]7us, this, these. 

)?ydur sive J^yder, thither. 

tid, happened, tidings, news, but 
m pag. 52. it seems to be for 
]>nd or third. 

tide, time, chance, opportunity, 
happen, luck. This word comes 
from the Saxon cib, con- 



periling zchich Mr. Somner^ 
in his Saxon Dictionary ', 
hath observ''d 7nani/ remark- 
able Particulars, zchich I shall 
forbear repeating here, and, 
instead thereof, shall take the 
opportunity of informing the 
Reader xcith what I meet zcith, 
in a very ancient and very 
valuable 3IS. (in vellum) de 
computo EcclesiasticOj in the 
Ashmolcan Museum, the au- 
thor whereof was Bj/rdferthus, 
Brightfertus or Bridfertus, 
monk of Ramsey, or, as o- 
ihers * say, Thorney, who, ac- 
cording to Bale, flourished in 
the year 980. in the Reign of 
King Ethelred. //e tells us, 
564 atoms make a moment, 4 
moments a minute, two minutes 
and an half a prick or point, 
four pricks or points a tid or 
hour in the course of the Sun, 
six tids a fyrthling, 4 fyrtliUngs a 
day, and seven days a week. 
The original words (which zci/l 
be more acceptable) are these. 
jip hunb -j jieopejx "j jryxtij 
acomi jepyjica^ an momentum, 
peopeji momenca jej:ylla^ mi- 
nucum. 'j t/ejen minuca "j 
healj: jepyjica% anne pjiican. "j 
feopeji pjiica jepyjicea^ ane 
tib on ]>xjxe j-unnan pyne. i 

j'yx tiba pyrca^ anne jryji^inj. 
•j peopeji jryp^linjaj- pyjica^ 
anne bsj. 'j jreofon bajaj ane 
pucan. / the rather take notice 
of this MS. because it contains 
many things that are really 
very curious, such as will give 
great light, in inany respects, 
to such as deal in the Saxon 
times, and, for that reason^ 
Leland ^ read this author in. 
tirely over, zcith wonderfull 
pleasure and delight. Indeed 
the Work is an improvement 
of Bede, •u.hom Byrdferthus 
stiles appuji^a jiimcjiKpcija, 
a very wprthy chronologer, or, 
as Bj/rdferthus expresses it in 
Latin, venerandus astrologus, 
the word astrologus, it seems, 
being then apply'd to Chro- 
nologers and Astronomers, not- 
zcithstanding not observed by 
Du.Fresne, who was hozocver 
acquainted 4 with this Author. 

tight, prepared, appointed, order- 
ed, a direct journey, intire. had 
tight, p. 203. carried himself 
directly, to Snowdon has he 
tight, he hath all intirely to 

tijhte, tight. 

tjlle, get, obtain, manage, to, till, 
labour,cultivate, improve,zchile, 
to tille lende, to get, obtain^ 

' Voc. t\h. ' Letandi Coll. Vol. IV. p. 23. 3 Coll vol IV. p. 23. De Scriptorib. 
p- 171. * See his Index Auctorum prcefix'd (o his Clossar. inf. & med. Lat. voc. 



manage or govern the land, 
timbred, occasional. J^at timbred 
him histene, that occasioned him 
his trouble. 
tinselle, tinsell^fine robes, honour. 
If him com any scaJ7e tinselle of 
seignorie. If there happen any 
damage to the dignity of his 
tint, shut up, stojfd, lost. This 
Word for lost is made use of 
by John Bellinden, in his old 
Scottish Translation of He- 
ctor Boethius, where also he 
iiseth tine for loose, particu- 
larly in I. VIII. c. xiiii. when 
he is speakifig of the mis- 
chiefs, that befell King Vor. 
iigern, from his amours with 
Roxena, the most beautifull 
daughter of Hengist. Fynaly 
{saith he) Vortigern come with 
ane certane of his nobillis to 
• Towquham castol, quhare he 
was plesandly ressauit & feistit 
with all maner of delytis & ple- 
souris that micht be deuysit. 
Than Heiigost set hyni to pro- 
long the banket within the nycht 
that the kyng mycht be takin 
with the wynis. Incontinent 
lioxena the douchter of Hengist 
(as scho was instruckit) went to 
the kyng with ane coupe ful 
of mycht}' \\yne, & said, I drink 

to the. Kyng Vortigern drank 
mychtely of the coupe, & quhen 
he had embrasit hir in his armis, 
he set hir down nixt hym self 
in the banket. Efter lang com- 
monyng he fel in blind raige of 
lust. Quhilk thing was nocht 
onely occasion to him efter to do 
aduitry, bot als to tine his kyng- 
dom. For incontinent throw 
birnand flame of new lust he 
had nothir respect to the law 
of god nor zit to the law of matri- 
mony afore contrackit with his 
lauchfuU wife. And * but mair 
delay he tuk the said Roxena to 
his wife. Syne gaif to Hengist 
all the landis of Kent with cas- 
tellis, townis, and munitionis 
pertenyng thairto. Sone efter 
the Saxonis sat down in the 
samyn with yair M'iffis & childrin 
& put out the auld inhabitantis 
thairof. Sic thingis done Vor- 
tigern returnit with his new 
queue to London, and repudiat 
his lauchfull wyfe. 

tion, p. 265. dissension, trouble, ut 
sit pro tene. 

ii'^\»ei\,. tipped, headed. 

tired, attired. 

tirede, attired. 

tirpeil, 7 trouble, broil, villany, 

tcrpeile, \ base action, vileness, 

Thong. ' U'ilhout. 




roguery^ filthy thing, vile busi- 
ness, naughty tricks, foul act. 
late be Jjis tirpeile, lay aside 
these broils. 

tirpelle, stir. 

tite, close, tight, closely, presently, 
directly, tightly, stiffly, stoutly, 
quickly, readily, immediately, 
whole, fulle tite, full tightly. &his 
Sonne Alisandere for ostage gald 
him tite, and surrender to him 
immediately his son Alexander 
as hostage or surety, als tite, 
also (vel as) tightly. 

ti^and, tiding, tidings, nezas, given 
tidings to. 

i'lying, tidings, tiding, nezcs. 

tij^inges, tidings, nezi's. 

fiyng, tidings, tiding. 

to, second, to, at, for, in, by, one, 
of, too. Ne to suilk seruage his 
heyrs disherite, Nor to disherit 
his heirs by such servage or 
slavery. Ne par tele seruage 
ses heres desheriter Codices Gal- 
lici. jjeto kyng and J^e toj^er, the 
one king and the other. To 
Gascoyne J^at he were, till that 
he zcas at Gascoigne. to West- 
mynstere Jei ment, they were 
called [the statutes] of West- 
minster, to Frodesham, at 
to bote, to boot, besides. 
to breke, broke, might break. In 
Judges IX. 53. to brake is the 
same as brake or broke. For 
thus it is said there, accord., 
ing to our common Transla- 
tion, And a certain woman cast 
a picc« qf amilstone uponAbime- 

lech's head, and all to brake his 
scull. But in the old Transla.. 
tion in Hen. Vlllth's time 
His, and all to brake hys brayne 
panne ; in the vulgar Latin, of 
St. Hicrome, & confregit cere- 
brum ejus, and in the Septua- 
gint, Koci knXettn TO y.^ac-mv uvra. 

tocorae^ coming. 

to drawe, drew, inclined, jier to 
to drawe, drew thereto, incliri'd 

to gedur, together. 

Toghalle p. 77. Tughall alias. 

togider, together. 

to gone, %i:ent. \q kyng formast to 
gone, p. 161. the king went 
first or formost. Le Rey fu ly 
primer Codd. Gall. 

to hewe, hezc'd, cut, cut in pieces, 

toke, took, assigned. 

token, took. 

told, accounted, called. 

tolde, accounted, told, caWd. 

torn, pro com (in Appendice ad 
Prcef. Num. XIF.) id est, 

tome, shut, enclosed, cut. 

to morn, to morrow. 

ton, one. \e ton ne ]7e to)'er, the 
one nor the tother. 

toname, tico names. J»is tonarae^ 
p. 168. by these two names, but, 
according to the French, by 
this Sirname. See Robert of 
Gloucester's Chronicle, p. 431, 
432. where there is a very re- 
markable passage, relating ta 
Robert bastard Son of K. 
Henry the JirsVs marrying of 



Mdhyle, the daughter of Ro. 
bcrt Fitz Haym^ which is much 
better in the original^ than in 
the prose MS. taken from Ro- 
bert of Gloucester (about the 
time of Hen. VI.) in the Hands 
of Thomas Ward, Esq. zchcre 
the passage is thus curtailed 
the Author being not v:ell e- 
nbitgh skiWd to interpret Ro- 
bert at large : One of the 
grettest lordes of Knglonde, ex- 
cept tHe kyng, callode Robert 
le figh Haym. For he lefte his 
bodi buried at Tewkesbury, 
fdt* lie rered that Abbey hym 
selfe. , He hadde a doughter dud 
his helre called Maboly. Kynge 
Henry thoght to mary his bas- 
tard son Robert to hir. and this 
gentille damycelle seid hay, that 
hit were not sittynge [/. fittynge] 
to mary suche anian, that bare 
no name but only Robard. 
Then the kynge seide. That 
tiis son^ schulde haue a name. 
And bycause hir name wats Ma. 
boly le Fyzhaym, his name 
Schulde Robert leFizRoy. Nay, 
quoth she, "what name shalle 
cure children bere betwene hym 
and me ? Par ma fey, seide the 
kyrig, thien he shalle haue aname. 
his name shalbe, Robert Erie 
of Gloucester, and 1 geve hym 
the Erledome for thy sake, and 

to him and to youre bothes iieltesi 
Then this Damycelle thankfede 
hym, and then the mariage wa^ 
done. And this was the firste 
Erie of Gloucestre. 

tone, one. 

tor, to. 

to rent, tome. 

torment, tempest, storm of nind, 

torne, turn. 

to rof, rended. 

to))er, second, other, tothers, to- 
ther, the other, next. See to. 

to])ire, t other. 

to trowe, to prove, to confirm, 

to ward, towards. 

to while sive towhile, the while, thd 
zchilst, as long as. 

towhille, while, the while, thd 

towhils, the whilst, the while. 

to wite, to Wit, (o know. 

Trailebastoun, certain particular 
Justices so talVd in the time 
of K. Edio. I. in reference to 
zchich Dr. C'dwell zorites ' in 
this manner : " Justices of triall 
" baston, alius of trayl baston, 
*' were a kind of Justices ap- 
" pointed by King Edward the 
" first, upon occasion of great 
" disorder growhe in the 
" Realme, during his absence 
" in the Scottish arid French 
" war res. They are called in 
" the Old nit. brev. fo. 52. Jm- 

Jntcrp> tnu Justices of triall baston. 



^^ siices of triall Boston, but by 
*' Holynshed and Stow, Ed. pri. 
*^ of Traile bastofi, of trailing 
" or drawing the Staffe, as Ho- 
*' linshed saith. Their office 
*' zvas to make inquisition 
*' through the Realms, by the 
*' verdict of substantiall Juries 
*' upon all Officers, as Ma- 
" jors, Sheriffes, Bailiff es^ Es. 
" cheators and others, touch. 
*' ing extortion, briberies and 
" other such grievances, as 
*' intrusions into other mens 
*' lands, and Barratours that 
*' used to take money for beat- 
*' ing of men, and also of them 
** uho?n they did beat : by 
*' meanes of zchich inquisitions 
•' many were putiished by death, 
*' many by ransome, arid so the 
" rest flying the Realme, the 
*' land was quieted, and the 
*' King gained great riches to. 
*' zcard the supporting of his 
*' wars. Baston is thought by 
*' some to be the beame of a 
*' paire of Scales or Weights : 
*' And this is in this place me- 
*' taphorically applied to the 
*' just poising of recompence 
" for offences committed. My 
" poore opinion is, that the 
<' etymologie of this title or 
** addition groweth from the 
" French (Treilles) i. cancelli, 

*' bars or letises of what thitig 
*' soever, a grate with crosse 
" bars, or of the singular 
*' (Treille) i. pergula, an house, 
*' arbour, a raile or forme, 
*' such as vines run upon, and 
*' (Baston^ a staffe or pole, no. 
" ting thereby, that the Justices 
" employed in this Commission, 
" had authoritie to proceeds 
" ivithout any solemne Judge. 
" ment Seate in any plate 
" either compassed in with 
*' r (tiles, or made Booth or 
" Tent-wise, set up with staves 
*' or poales without more workCy 
" wheresoever they could ap» 
*' prehend the malefactors they 
" sought for. See libro Assi- 
" sarum^ folio 57. 141." For 
farther particulars I shall re~ 
fer the Reader to Spelman ' and 
Du Fresne '. 

traised, betrayal. 

traist, trusty. 

translate, he translated. 

trauaile, travel, disturbance, /«- 
hour. )?aiiked his trauaile, thank, 
cd him for his travell and pains i 

trauaild, travelled, laboured. 

trauaile, pains, undertaking, tra^ 
veil, labour. 

trauailed, laboured, travelled^ put 
to it. 

traueile, vex, molest, weary, har. 
rie, hurras. 

' Ql9$s. vec' Trailbftstoh. « Gloss, med. Sf inf. LaU vqc- Traylebaiton. 




tray, treason, treachery. trewe, truce^ 

trayn, dealing, he mad a fals trip, p. 203. troop, host, and His 

. trayn, he dealt falslj/, or unfair- host in the French, 

ly, or perfidiously. triste, (meta,) mark, direction, 

trayne, tarrying, train. thrust, trust. 

traytorie, treachery, treason* trod, thought, believed, gone, con~ 

tre, tree, wood, timber. Jinri'd. wele trod, made plain. 

trechet,cousen,cheat,trick,beguile. trokes, trucks, Square pieces of 

trechettyng, treachery, tricking. Wood at the Tops of Masts to 

tre ether, treat, trick t 

treie, tryal. 

treist, trusty. 

treistes, trusts. 

treistid, trusted. 

trencheour, trencher^ little knife. 

trepas, trespass. 

trcson, treason, treachery. 

tresond, betray''d. 

tresorere, treasurer. 

tiespas, passage, toll, custom. 

trest, trust. 

treste, trestle. 

trestes, trusts. 

trestille, trestle. 

tretels, trestles. 

treu, truce. 

treuage, toll, tax, imposition, cu. 

treue, truce. 

treuwage, taxes, customs. 
trew, truce. 

put the Flag.staffs in. Also 
round Pieces of Wood like 
Wheels fixed on the Axle-trees 
of Carriages to move the Ord- 
nance at Sea^. Whence Dr. 
Skinner, in his Etymologicon : 
" Trucks, vox Naut. Sic autem 
*' vocantur Rotce lignece, qui^ 
*' bus Machines bellicce moven- 
" tur. 

trompors, trumpeters. 

trost, trusty, trust, ti usted. 

troste, trust. 

trosted, trusted. 

trouage, truage, toll. 

trouht, truth. trouht him plight, 
plighted him troth, promised 
him truth. 

trow, ") believe, think, true, faith' 

trowe, 3 full, trusty, trust, ex- 
spect, understand ; to give credit 

to, as in letters of credence. 

There be some that prate 

Of Robin Hood, and of his bow 

Which never shot therein, I trow, 
in Mr. Anth. u Wood's Col. note this by the by) Mr. 
lection of Ballads, in the Ash. Wood is pleased to * note 
molcan Museum, whei^e {to thics about Robin Hood, viz. 

Set N. n<ii!,/s Engllah Dklivnary, boc. TRUCKS- » Coll- nostr. MSS. vol.66, p. 




** Robin Hood luid his chief 
*' abode in Noilinghamshire, 
<' in the time of K. Rich. I. 
" who began to raigne in the 
^' yeare 1189. 

'* John Major^ a Scotch Hi- 
*' sioriany zcho lived in the time 

" ofK. Hen. 8 saith of him, that 
'' he was indeed an arch-robber, 
" but the gentellest thief that 
*' ever was. 

" Mich Drayton the poet, in 
" his Poly. Albion, in the 26 
" Song, saith of him thus : 

" From wealthy Abbots chests, & churches abundant store, 

" What oftentimes he took, he shar'd amongst the poore. 

" No Lordly Bishop came in lusty Robin's way, 

" To him before he went, but for his pass must pay. 

" The widow in distress he gratiously releiv'd, 

" And remedied the wrongs of many a virgin greiv'd." 

Had Mr. Wood seen the Fa- 
ther of the Scottish Historians, 
John Fordun, he would, without 
iitl doubt, have also referred to 
that famous Writer, who (ac- 
cording to the Harleyan MS.) 
speaks • of him, not only as 
a most notorious Robber, 
but as a man of great de- 
votion and charity. But then 
he mentions him as one that 
flourished in the Reign of Hen. 
in. and not of Rich. I. 

Stowed, believed ,^ gave heed, heark. 

trulle, trull, sorceress. 

trut, turd. The Saxon Word is 
topb. Hence Somner, in his 
Sax. Dictionary: " Topb. 
*' Stercus, merda, flmus. dung, 

if a t . Hinc nostr. dyrt. 

" ». stercus, sordes. Belgis, 

" driit". Jnd Dr. Skinner, 
" in his Etymol. Turd, ab AS. 
" Tojib, Belg. 'Ibrde, Tort, 
" Merda.^^ And even in Hen. 
VHth^s. time they writ it also 
torde, as is plain from tht 
Promptorium parvulorum, whert 
zee have, " torde. stercus. 

tueie, tzoo, twain. 

tuende, tzoentieth. 

tuentende, twentieth. 

tueye, two. 

fueyn, tzao. 

tuke, took. 

tuo, to, two. 

turbe, squadron, iroofi. 

tureile, turret. 

turne, turn to. 

tuwne, town. 

tuyn, twain, two. 

tuynne, depart, divide, separata. 

tuyunes, separates, departs from. 

Vtl. 11. 

P»g. 774. 




tyde, time. 

tynd, lost. \q ,ne tyiid ne fond, 
thei) neither lost nor found. 

tyiie, fortify, fence, shut up, put 
up, lament, suffer. 

tynes, labours in sorrow, his tyme 
he tynes and spendes, he pro- 
tracts and spends his time in 

tynt, stopi, slacked, lost, holden, 
shut up, touched, for tynt wer 
Jjei told, they were looked upon 
as malecontents. See Somner^s 
Sax. Diet. voc. tynan. Herneys 
nouht ne tynt, he did not so 
much as touch the harness. 


vaile, submit, avail, prevail. 

valiantise, valour, galantness. 

valovv, value, vcorth, goodness, 

vamward, vanguard. 

vassalage, duty of vassals, service. 
Jorgh his vassalage, p. 86. by 
the assistance of his vassals, 
or those that owed hitn knighfs 
service, nisi malis , hoc loco 
Jorgh idem esse <juod ad, ut sit, 
to his subjection. 

vavasoure, valvasour or vavasour, 
[m French vavasseur] a Noble. 
man in former Times who was 
next iti Dignity to a Baron. 
It also signifies villain or ser- 
vant, as, I am J7i vavasoure, p. 
166. / am a servant to thee, I 
. am thy servant. 

vavasours, Noblemen in dignity 
next to Barons. 

vaunnvard, vanguard. 

vegance, vengeance. 

venge, revenge. 

vengenient, revenge, vengeance. 

venom, poyson. 

rerray, true, very. 

vertuz, vertues. 

vilanie, treachery, grievance, ro- 

vilany, villany,falshood, treachery. 

rilaynly, villanously. 

vilenie, villany, treachery. 

vileyn, a villain. 

vis, visage, face, no turne The- 
bald his vis, nor turn his face 
to Thebald. bare vis, bare- 

vmbeleid, humbled. 

vmbilaid, humbled, levelled, pulled 
down, thrown down. 

vmwhile, sometime, at some time 
or other, one while, formerly. 

vnbiwened, p. 117. unthought of. 
It may be also read vnbiweued, 
to answer heued in the next 

vnce, ounces. 

vnconyng, folly, ignorance. 

vndcrfong, undertake. * 

vnderfonge, receive. 

vnderon, the same with vndron, 
ofzohich by and by. 

vnderstond, undertake, take it up~ 
on him, understand. 

vndron, nine a clock in the morn, 
ing. bitnex vndron «& prime, 
p. 243. so 'tis expressed for 
the rhythm's sake, whereas 
otherwise it should rather be, 
bituex prime & vndron, i. e. 
betwixt six and nine of the clock 
in the mprning. This word vn- 



dron is the same with the Saxon 
unftejin, which Mr. Somner ex- 
pressly tells us^ is nine of the 
clock in the Morning. " Un- 
*' bepn". {saith he ') Tempus 
" antemeridianum, hora diet 
'* veterum tertia, nostra nona. 
" the forenoon, the third houre 
*' of the day, that is nine of the 
" clock with us. Bed. Hist. 
" I. 4. c. 22. f jiam unbepnribe 
" ]>onne mon masj'je ojrcojc 
'' jinje"^. i. a tertia hora quan. 
" do missce fieri solebant. L. 
" M." {_sive liber medicus vet 
raedicinalis, quern e bibliutheca 
Regia mutuatus est Somnerus'] 
*' p. 1. c. 64. fele bjiincan on 
" ]7peo ciba. on unbejin on mib. 
" bagj on non. /. potandum 
" detur ad tria tempora (vel ho- 
*' ras :) hora {sc.) diei tertia, 
" meridie, hora tertia pome. 
" ridiana. Accordingly both 
" Chaucer^s interpreter and 
" Verstegan are to be cor- 
" rected, who by undent & 
" underntide understand after- 
" noone". Our Ancestors be- 
fore the Reformation, and many 
since, called this hora tertia, the 
houre offeree, and-in Edrcardthe 
IFth's. time, when some dispute 
arose about the exact hour of 
the day, which this word de- 

noted in the Statutes of the 
Order of the Garter, it was 
determined * to be nine of the 
clock in the forenoon^ thn'' ufter~ 
wards i, in Hen. VIHth's time, 
it was interpreted to be 3 of 
the clock in the afternoon: but 
very absurdly ; as plain' y ap. 
pears from the ancient Canoni. 
cal hours of the Church, which * 
were seven in number, viz. 
Matutinas laudes, or Mattins, 
the Prima Hora, or Prime, the 
Hora tertia, the Hora sexta, the 
Hora nona, Vespers, and the 
Completorium, besides the Noc- 
turnum Officiuni, the Office for 
Nights; which is also divided 
into four Vigils, the Contici- 
nium, Gallicinium, Interapestiim, 
and Antelucinium. Now since 
their Mattins z::icre performed 
about break of day, and their 
Prime, by consecptence, at Q a 
Clock in the morning, I can see 
no reason to doubt, but the 
hour of Tierce was 9 a Clock 
in the Morning, and so the rest 
at 3 hours distance one after the 
other. And this Deter mina. 
tion of it to nine of the clock 
is confirmed again by Mr. 
Somner in another place of 
his Saxon Dictionary, where s 
this passage occurrs, " Kyn_ 

• In Sax. Diet. «m6 voce. « Ashmoles Institution of the Garter, p. 506. a Ibid, p 
503. * Ibid. p. 507. » Voc. Kyjijiiole. 

F F 2 jiiole. 



(^ jiiole. Bridfrithus Ramesien. 
'' sis MS. in Biblioiheca Ash- 

'^ moliana. — \?l haljan 

" unbejin-tib apj-cebij-copafmid 
" gehabebumj^egnuuikyjitenlice 
" pynjfumia^. 'j J>aaej;elan mune- 
*' cay ]7Sfie cibe lof nub kyp- 
*' jiiole *j engla lojryaiije jepuji- 
*' ^la^. i. e. (fortasse :) sacram 
*"^ horam diei ( veterii m ) tertiam, 
*' (nostram autcm nonam ante 
*' meridiem) Archiepiscopi cum 
*' Clero festiva celebrant hilari- 
'^ tate; nobiles etiam Monachi 
*' illius horag laudes (quas vacant 
*' matutinas Ecclesiastici. V, 
<« Bed. Hist. U. 3. c. 12.) cum 
*' kyppiole, & Angelorumhymno 
*' honorant. Fen* *a^w e*^ h^ 

" mj/e kyjijiiole Jioc a kyrfe 
*' eleison, gworf inter preces 
*' publicas matutinas repeti so~ 
" fe/, fuisse corruptum. V» 
*' Durandi Rationale Diviner, 
*' /. 5. c. 5. Hinc etiam (ni 
" Jailor) nostratium Carrol, 
*' hymnus scil. in Natali decan. 
*^ tarisolilus^\ Andagreeabbj 
to this sense the word undarne 
is used in old 3ISS. of the holi/ 
Festivals of the Churchy com~ 
posed in Meeter about the 
Reign of K. Edicard the First,, 
in the Life of St. Brandon, 
where Mr. Ashmole ' {n:ha 
tells us this MS. was in the 
hands of Mr. Silas TayloVr). 
met with * these Rhythms : 

This Fowles song ek her Matyn»: wel right tho it was timei 
And of the Sauter sede vers ; and seithe alsa Prime, 
And Undarne seithe, and Midday, and afterward seith non-. 
And ech tyde of the day songe as cristenemen scholde d'on. 

Which Verses I likewise find, 


with some 

Variation, in 



Sheldon\<i excellent MS. 
the Lives of the Saints, ?iz. 

]>e foweles songe here Matyns ; rigt so hit m as tyme,. 
And of the sauter seide J7e vers, suthe also Prime, 
And Undren and Myddai ; and afterwards None, 
And eche tide of J'e dai, as menden scholden done. 

Jttst. of the Garter, p. 507. » Fol. 72 




To zchat hath been here sug. 
gested I shaU add, that as the 
word terce comes from the 
Latin tertia, so in ail the old 
Books of Offices, zchich I have 
seen, the Expression hora tertia 
«V ahcaj/s understood to be 
nine of the dock in the Morn, 
ing, and hora nona thj^ce in the 
afternoon. I have now (Jan. 
8. 1724.) before me one MS. of 
ihis kind, being a Breviary, in 
zchich both Expressions occur 
in that sense. And I mention 
this MS. the rather, because I 
Jind, at the End of it, the 
foUoising remarkable Notes 
(in an old, tho^ later, hand) 
relating to the Family of the 
Tilneys : 

<* Pertjnet iste liber prius 
** Frederico Tyllnei, de Boston 
<* JR comitatu Lincoln, militi 
*' facto apud Aeon in terra 
^' Judjeas, anno regni Regis 
*' liichardi primi tercio. Vir 
" magna; stature, & potens 
*' in corpore, qni cum patribiis 
^' suie doraiit apud Tirring- 
" ton, juxta villam vocatam 
*' per nomen suum TyWney 
" ia Mersheland. Cujus al. 
'' titudo in salram custodiam 
** p«rmanet ibidem usque hunc 
" diem. Et post ejus obitum 
*' pertinet iste liber sexdecem 
*' militibus hujus nominisque 
" Tyllney. Quorum unus post 

" alium semper habitavit apud 

*' Boston prifcdictura, dum fratris 

*' senioris hereditas accidit he- 

" redi generali. Tunc eorum. 

" miles ultimus fuit Philippus 

*' Tylney, nuper de Shelleigh ia 

*' comitatu Suffolchiae, pater ac 

** genitor Thomae Tylney, de 

'< Hadleigh in comitatu prsfedicto 

*' armigeri, cui modo attinet 

" hie liber, anno suae aetatis 

" 64°. die Aprilis 14. anno 

" Domini 1556. 




" in liberi, quorum nomina 
" htcsequuntur, suntfilii, quibus 
^' genitor fuit Fredericus Tyl- 
" ney, nuper de Kelsall in 
*^ comitatu Suffolchas armiger, 
*' filius ac heres praefati Thomas 
" Tylney, de Hadleigh in comi- 
" tatu prajdicto armigeri. 

« Natus fuit Thomas Tyl- 
" ney, filius primogenitus di- 
" cti Frederici Tylney, deci- 
" mo septimo Aprilis, anno 
" regni Regis llenrici octavi 
" rif^ocimo nono, anno Domini 
" millesimo quingentesimo tri- 
'''■ sesimo octavo. 

" Natus fuit Philippus Tyl- 

" ney, filius minor natu di- 

■' cti Frederici Tylney, deci- 

r F 3 *' mo 



*' mo nono Mercil, anno regni 
" dicti Regis Henrici octavi 
*' tricp.-imo, anno Domini. 1539. 
*' praedict. 

*' Funus dicti Frederici Tyl- 
ne} . T 

'' Decessit ab hac vita prae. 
*' fattis Fredericus Tylney ar- 
" migcr, pater ac genitor prae. 
<' fati Thomae et Pliilippi Jyl. 
'' ney, apud Kelsall praedict. 
" vicesimo sexto die mensis 
^' Januarii, anno regni Regis 
" Henrici octavi tricesimo se- 
" cundo, anno Domini millesi- 
*' mo quingentesimo quadrage- 
*' simo. 

" Natus fuit Carrolus Tyl- 
*' ney, primogenitus Phillippi 
'' Tylney, die Martis hora oc- 
" tava post meridiem Septem- 
*' bri die 23. anno Domini 
" 1561. 

'^ T Sic transit gloria mundi. 
" Vivens autem Deo. 

One would think from the 
first of these Notes, that the 
MS. is, at least, as old as the 
Reign of K. Richard the first. 
And yetj as soon as I saw it, 
I guess'd it to be much more 
modern. And I soon found my 
conjecture confirm'd from the 
mention (in the body of the 
bookj in the very same hand 

with the rest) of Pope Sixtus 
the fourth thus ; Dominus pa. 
pa Sixtus quartus composuit 
quartam 6^' quintam prcedicio- 
rum suffragiorum oraciiinculas» 
Et cum hoc omnes indulgencias 
hcEC legenlibus per ante con. 
cessas duplicavit. Now Sixtus 
the fourth being made Pope in 
1471. and dying in 1484. the 
Book cannot be older than the 
Reign of Edw. IV. I suppose, 
therefore, tliat the Note relates 
really to some other older 
Breviary or Book of Offices^ 
of which this (which is finely 
written, in good large cha- 
racters, such as were proper 
for elderly people, and those 
that had bad Eyes) may have 
been a Copy. The like Note 
occurrs both in Hackluyt and 
Weever ; but there being some 
differences, I question whether 
it were immediately from the 
same MS- That the Reader may 
the better perceive the Varia- 
tions, I shall transcribe the Copy 
as 'lis in Weever's Ancient Fu- 
nerall Monuments^ pag. 818. 

" I reade in IJackliiiis first 
'' volume of Voyages, that 
" Sir Fredericke Tilney^ a great 
" Commander in the holy 
"' Avarres, was interred in this 
" Church of Tirrington [in 
" Norfolk:] take it as he sets 
•* it downe. 




*' A note out of a Booke in the 
'■^ hands of Thomas Tilney 
*' Esquire, touching Sir Frcm 
'' dericke Tilney his ance- 
" stor, kniglited at Aeon in 
" the Holy Land, by King 
*' Richard the first. 

S£V Frede- " Pertiniiit iste liber 

S,*,"7' "priusFrederkoTyl. 

man of high " ney de Boston in 

stature. u (^^^^ Lincoln, mi. 

" liti facto apud Aeon in terra 

*' sancta, anno Regis Richardi 

" primi tertio. Vir erat iste 

'' magnae staturae, et potens cor. 

" pore, qui cum patribus suis 

" dormit apud Tirrington juxta 

" villam sui nomiiiis Tyliiey in 

" Mershland, cujus altitudo in 

" salva custodia permanet ibidem 

" usque in hunc diem : Et post 

" ejus obitum sexdecem Mili- 

Sixteem " ^ibus ejus nominis Tyl. 

knig/itsof *^ neyhcereditas illasuc- 

the Tilneys, ii ^.^ggj^.^ obvenit, quo- 
successively. ' ^ 

" rum unus post alium 

" semper habitabat apud Bos- 

" ton prajdict. dum fratris seni- 

*' oris haereditas haeredi generali 

" dcToluta est, ijuae nupta est 

'' Thome Duci Norfolciae. Eo- 

*' rum miles ultimus fuit Phi. 

" lippus Tylney nuper de She!. 

*' leigh in Com. Suff. pater & 

*' genitor Thomas Tylney de 

*' Hadleigh in Com. pra;dict. 

*' Armigeri, cui modo aUinet 

" iste liber anno aetatls 64. 

" 1556. 

To the above said Notes is 
added (bj/ the learned Peter 
Le Neve, Esq;. Norrojj King 
of Arms, to whom the MS. 
nozo belongs, and who was 
pleased to lend it me for my 
perusal) this memorandum : 

" Carolus Tylney unus co» 
" hortis pensionariorum Eli~ 
" zabethce Regince, IcescB ma- 
*' jestatis reus 8^- pcenam delicti 
" luebat cum Babingtonio Sf 
" aliis anno Domini 15S6. Fide 
" Holinshed edit. ' 1575. pag. 
" 1586. 

The Word quod for quoth is 
a confirmation of what I have 
above observed in the Word 
boke. Before these Notes are 
some Prayers, which I have 
omitted, {in a different hand also 
from the Book) of Thomas Til- 
ney, Esq. 

Mr. Le Neve hath observed^ 
in a Letter to me, that Sir Fre. 
derick de Tylney luas the famous 
champion, knozcn by the name 
of Hycophrix or Hycothrift, 
which is, probably, a corrup. 
tion of Frederick, and he hath 
noted, withall, that his MS. is 
the very same, that Hackluyt 
refers to. For the Reader's 
better satisfaction, 1 shall 
take the opportunity of pub., 
lishing the whole passage 
in Mr. Le Neve's Letter, and 

F. 1587. H. 

F F 4 




afterwards I mill leave it to 
tfie Reader's own Judgment, 
to determine as he shall think 

*' College of Arms in London, 
" Saturday 16 of May 1724. 

" Sir, 

*' In your Glossary lo Ro- 
*"• bert of Glouc. page 640. 
*' you mention the famous 
'* champion of Mershland in 
*' Norfolk, whose story hath 
*' been long since printed in 
" a black letter, but the signi. 
'* fication of the fable I am not 
** yet satisfied fully about. Tho 
*' I intend, this vacation, to 
*' travel over Mershland in 
*' Norfolk, to find out more 
^* certainty; in the mean time, 
*' I would beg to know, \yhat 
*' is in your MSS. vol. 61. p. 
*' 117. and vol. 82. p. 67. said 
*' of him. The most probable 
*' opinion is Sir Henry Spel- 
*' man's, apd that of Mr. Weav- 
*' er in hjs funerall Monuments, 
" pag. 818. (frojn Hackjuit) in 
*' his Discourse of Terrington 
*^ in that country, who tells ypii, 
" that Sir Frederick dp Tylney, 
*' a yaliaiit Knight, was at the 
** seige of Aeon with King Ric 
^* I. & lyes buried in Tirington 
" church-yard, and, I sup- 
*' pose, haveing a cross on the 
" upper end of a long stall'. 

" cutt on his tomb, (which 1 will 
" suppose something like the 
'*^ cross in the hand of the cutt 
*' of the Knight templer in Dng- 
" dale M on. Angl. [and] might 
*' give rise to the story of the 
" wheele & axle tree,) as dyeing 
*' in the holy land, might be 
*' the person, Avho either gave 
*' the large common to the 
" inhabitants of the towns round 
*' (called Tilney Smeth) or ra- 
" ther recovered it fqr them 
*' by his power or lawe from 
" some person, who had iuclosed 
" it. (Quwre if Hycophrix is 
" not a corruption of Frede^ 
" rick?) The story ^boutthe 16 
" Knights of the name succeed- 
" ing him is false. For they 
^' were not all Knights, neither 
*' were sixteen descents from 
" him to Sir Philip Tilney, Knt. 
" whose daughter was second 
«' wife of Tho. Duke of Norfolk, 
*' & which Duke married to his 
" first Wife Eliz. daughter & 
*' sole heif of Frederick Tylney, 
** Esq; not Knight, of Boston 
" in Lincolnshire, and carried 
" avvay the main of thp estate qf 
f the family to her son John, lasjt 
'^ Lord Berners, by her first 
"husband Sir HumfcyBourchier, 
" Knt. killed atBarnet feld t. E. 
" 4. who dyed 25th. H. 8. leav- 
<' ing one daugluter & sole 
'' heir 



** heir Jane, married to Edmund 
*' Knyvet, Serjeant Porter to 
" K. H. 8. to whose descendents 
" the title of Baroness Berners 
*' was adjudged by the house of 
" Lords J.D. 1720. in the 
*' person of Katharine, only 
*' surriTing Daughter and Heir 
*« of Sir Jo, Knyvet, Kt. of 
« Bath, of Ashwell Thorp in 
** Norfolk, as appears by the 
*' printed case and pedigree, one 
*' of which you may command 
*' from me, if you please, by Mr. 
^^ Murray. But the whole ac- 
*' count of the family as printed 
** by Weaver, he transcribed 
" terbatim out of an original 
" Mass book, at the latter end 
** of which, in the hand writr 
*' ing ' of Frederick Tylney, 
<* son of Sir Philip, who dyed 
^' - - - H. 8. are continued the 
*' births and obits of the family 
*' to Frederick's Grand-sons jn. 
*' elusive, which originall I 9.m 
" the Possessor of 

vnfayn, displeased, angry, unglad, 
sorry, fulle vnfayn, very sorry. 

vnfoldeu, unfolded. 

ynhap, mishnp. 

vnhende, unkindly, unhandsomely. 

vnkonand, the ignorant. 

vnmayn, zceakness. 

\n raykelle, over.>nuch,for muck. 

vnne);, scarce. 

vnnejisjscarce, scarcely y dijfflcuUly. 

vnride, unrid, continuaL 

vnsele, unhappy. . 

vnskille, un^killfullness. 

rnt, unto. 

vn)?ank, unwillingly, by constraint, 

yntille, unto, uniill, till. 

vntime, p. 227. untimelyy nis^ ong 

time malis. 
vnto, unto^ untill. 
vnwar, unwary. 
voide, empty. 
vouched saue, vottchsafisd, 
vouches, confirms. 
vowe, vox?!, promise. 
upbraid, reproach. 
vplift, to exalt, lifted up, rffised, * 

vp rif, arrived upon. 
vp ryf, arrive up, arise up, stir. 
rpryue vel yp ryue, arrive, bring 

vpspede, to »peed up, to raise 

vp Jjat, upon that, upan that acr 

up wrigbt, bufld up, raise t^p, 
vsure, usury. 
yys, eyfs. 


Avachched, watching, having wakti^ 

l»ad, zcajf. 

> So Mr- Le Neve. But I should rather think, that the Prayers I have mentioned 
(and which I have trarscrib'd into one of my MSS. vol. 106. p. 44.) as well as all the 
hcforegaid N^es (excepting the last ,about Charles Tylney) are of the hand writing of 



■wage, gage, pledge, .pawn, wages. 

waise, waves. 

"wakand, waking. 

•wake, wake, watch. 

waken, watch, stir up, watch'd, 
kept, waking, awake, watching. 

: Jei Avaken vs euer wo, they al- 
ways watch to do us a mis- 

■ chief. 

■wakend, watched. 

wald, would. 

•walde, would. 

^Va\e, miles. 

Waleis, Wallace. 

walk and, walking. 

walle, well. . 

^\ als, Welsh. 

"VValsch, Welsh. 

Walschrie, Welshmen, Welshfolk. 

Walsh, Wehh. 

Walsland, WelshJand, Wales. 

wamssed (pro Avarnstored vel wa. 
renstorcd.) fortify'' d. 

wan, got, uon, wan. Fabyan, in 
his Chronicle, makes use of the 
word Wynne for get, when he is 
speaking of Fair Rosamund. 
But yet (saith he) he [K. H. 
Jl.^ left not the company of the 
forenamed Rosamund, vnto the 
whiche wenche he had made an 
house of wonder Avorking, so 
that no creature, man or woman 
might Wynne to her, but if he 
were instruct by ■ the kynge, 
or suche as were ryghte secrete 

wyth him, touching that matter. 

wandelard, wandered, went. 

wanes, dwellings, habitations. 

Avapen, weapon. 

war, zcere. 

warant, protection, defence. 

ward, guard, custody, keeping. 

ware, were, should be, was. 

waren, were. 

Avarinstour, defence, fortification. 

warisoun, r-eward,* provision. Ri- 
chard Fraunces {Auhor, as I 
have observed above ', of the 
Promptorium Parvulorum,) men- 
tions the word warysone as used 
in Hen. Filth's time for dona- 
tivum and possessio. 

warisoune, reward. 

Avarnised, fortified. & warnised 
J^at cite, p. 293. and garrison, 
ed or fortified that city . But for 
cite His la ville in the French, 
and indeed ville in the French 
signifies a city as well as village. 

warnisoun, reward. 

was, zoas, Hwas, wast. 

Avasschon, sive, Avaschon, washed. 

wasse, was. 

wasteyn, wast. 

wate, wot, knows, know. 

waj^e, a straying, a wandering, an 

Avayn, drove, back, waggon, char- 
riot, habitation, possession, vie- 

viG, p. 128. was. 

Thomas Tylney to whom the Book bclong'd in 1566. • Pag. 623. 




.;wecl, pledge. 

wedlaike, wedlock. 
.wehere, harrying^ wasting, dis. 
sension, trouble (Belg. vet. 
weere, i. e. war) care, wariness, 
a maze, doubt, a doubt, (either 
from the Saxon pasjie, cautio, or 
elsefromp3£j\, cautus.) in wehere, 
cautious, wary. 

weie, way. 

welcom, p. 222, opportune Sf 
optato adveniunt, welcome, 
from the Saxon pilcumian, 
salutare, salutem dicere, &c. 

opes, at weld, p. 160. in plenty. 
The French hath it for two 
years. De vitaylle pur deus 

■ annz de rien & fandrait. 

welde, possess, manage, wield. 

wele, well, full, will, weal, wealth, 
much, ivhile, time, wele willand, 
well willing, well willers, good 
willers, well wishers. ]>at were 
his wele willand, that xeere his 
icell wishers. I wille wele, / 
willingly agree, wele fond, ivill 
try. wele fare, well fare, to fare 
well, wele mo, many more, wele 
more, much more, after the 
Paske's wele, p. 338. after Eas- 
ter time. The French is a la 
pasqe apres, wele j^e more, inuch 
the more, wele bone, very ready. 

wem, hurt, fat not did no wem, 
that did no hurt at all ; that 
did not the least harm. 

wend, ween'd., thought, thought of 
it, he thought, go, think, thinks, 

wende, to go, thought, did wende, 
caused to go. 

wendand, going. 

wendes, goes. 

wendis, goes. 

wendyng, going, journey. & was 
of wendyng gare, and was ready 
to go. 

wene, ween, think, think of. 

wenes, thinks. 

went, went, gone, thought, he 
thought, drawn aside, swayed, 
turn, chance, hazard. 

Wentland, Northumberland. 

wepand, weeping. 

wer, were, be, was, might be. 

werand, warring. 

were, doubt, perplexity, defend, 
war, where, were, was, is, might 
be, shall be. 

weren, were, 

werk, work. 

werne, deny, put aside, drive from. 

weron, were. 

werrand, warring. 

werre, war. werre wo, harm by 
war. His werre ordeynd & 
dight to J^o J^at cou]7e j^am guye, 
he ordained his zcar, and com~ 
mitted it to those that iverc 
able to manage it. nisi forsa7i 
werre pro were habeas. ' Sed 
aliter textus Gallicus, ubi gwere 

werreour, zcarrier. 

werreoure, warrier. 

werryng, warring. 

wery, zcearisomness, being weary, 
being tired, curse. 

wesch, uash. 

westreis, west country gentleman, 



vel potius a Hector or sirong 

man. Vide Skinnerum in voc. 

Wex, waxed, zcax, grew, wex fulle 

brim, increased mightilify swelled 

weye, way. 
ireys, ways. 
•weyvieA, played, moved, put back, 

waved, avoyded, 
wham, whom, what. At pag. 122. 

when, ubitamen conjeci whan, 
whan, when. 
whasseche, to be washed. 
what, what, ivhich, by which, where, 
whedere, whether. whedere j^ou 

wille or npn, whether thou wilt 

or no. 
whedir, whether. 
where, where, whether. At pag. 

253. idem est quod whore, sive 

wench, vel potius wife, 
-^berfe, 7£>/iflr/, a b^oad plain Place 

near to a Creek or Hit he, to land 

or lay Wares on, that art brought 

from or to the Water. 
whe)>€n, whence. 
while, while, time. 
while, p. 123> wile s\\e guile, nisi 

malis interpretari spatium tem- 

poris. sed pfius recfius esse vi- 

detur. ]>at while p. 132. that 

whilk, what, which, whether, who- 
ever. It is the sam^ with the 

Saxon hpilc. In many places 
the word whilk is us'd to this 
day ; and formerly it was every 
where in use. But after that 
was left off, the uord witch or 
wieh came in vogue, and in lieu 
thereof the modern which. It is 
witch and wich in the following 
Remark, that was sent me by 
the ingenious Mr. Ward, of 
Longbridge near Warwick, {who 
found it writ under the Prin- 
ter's Preface, in a Copy of Fa- 
bian's Chrotitcle, imprinted at 
London 1559.) tho^ in Fabian's 
Epitaph in Stowe's Survey it bf 
printed which : 

Robert Fabian, the wrighter 
of this Cronicle, (witch was to 
the great hoimore and Glory of 
the English Nation, and the 
Citty of I^ondon where hee wa^ 
borne) was Alderman & one of 
the sheriffes of London, the 
ninth year of King. Hen. the sea- 
Tenth, anno Do : 1493. Hee 
was a yery pious and painfull 
man. Hee departed this life the 
third year of King IJenry the 
eight, anno 1511. Hee was bu- 
ried in St. Michaell's Church in 
Cornhill London : Hee w^s free 
of . - - 

Fag' 371. Land. 1618. ito. fif p. 214. Land, \635.fot. 




His Epitapli. 

Ijike as the day his Course doth consume, 
Sf the new morrozo springeth againe as fast, 
so man Sf woman by Natur's Custome 
this life to passe, att last in earth are cast 
in Joy and Sorrow, wich hear there time doe wast. 
Never in one State, but in Course transitory. 
So full of Change, is of this World the Glory, 

ivbiloni, formerly, some time, some 
time ago, a uhile ago, for some 
time, heretofore. 

Whitsonen day sive Whitsonenday, 

wholom, p. 272. wholly. Sed 
•whilom malim, id est, some time. 

whore, where. 

whore so, wheresoever. 

wiiBn, wijling, whiffling. 

wight, swift, brisk, bot eft ou 
hors fulle wight, but afterwards 
on his horse full swift. 

wightly, foolishly, sillily. 

wik, wickedness, wicked. 

wike, work''d, contrived. 

wikhals, rogue, wicked rogue, wic- 
ked Jackanapes, hals autem col- 
lum denotaf. 

%ikke, wicked. 

wikly, wickedly, deceitfully. 

wikaes, wickedness. 

wiW, wilt, manage, would, wild 
fei no wolden, would they, or 
zsould they not; whether they 
isould or no. 

wilde, would. 

wile, p. 219, wile* Potest Sf while 

wilkednes, wickedness, 

willand, loilling, willingly. wcr« 
hir wele willand, wished her tcellf 
bore her good will. 

wille, will, wilt. 

wiri, price or value of a man. See 
Somner's Sax. diet. vac. pejie. 
Where it must be observ'd^ 
that this Saxon Word pejie 
is quite distinct from pajic, 
which signifies properly men, 
incolae, habitatores, &^c. For 
which reason it is, that in wy 
Preface to the second Volume- 
of Diictor Historicus / have 
noted, that Mejij-cpape is 
the same with viri palustres, or 
Marshmen, and that agreea-- 
bly to what Mr. Somner hatJh 
said in the said Saxon Dictio. 
nary, where ' is the following 
Passage. " Mejij-cj^apa. (al. 
*' j'ape.) Viri palustres, qua- 
" Ics in agro Cantiano Romnei- 

/n vtee Mejijc/apa. 



'' enses : sic autem a loco dicii, 
^' de quibus in Chron. ad 
" ann. 796. <^ 838. marshmen, 
" fen.dwellers, as those at 
" Romney in Kent, the feiines 
" in Lincolnshire, ^c". But 
here I must beg leave to do 
my self one piece of Justice, 
which is this, that whereas 
in the fourth Edition of Doctor 
Historicus ^tis most ignorantly 
and absurdly printed Menrc- 
pane for Mepj-c-pape, / desire 
that neither this, nor any other. 
Mistake {particularly the omitt- 
ing four lines in a passage of 
Robert of Gloucester, and the 
putting of Watlingacerten, and 
Wenlamcearten, itt p. 78. for 
Watlui jaceyceji and Wejilamce- 
aj-ct'ji) in that Edition may be 
ascriVd to me, the said Edition 
being both printed and publish- 
ed without my knowledge or 
prinity. Nor indted had I any 
manner of hand in any of the 
Editions of Ductor Historicus, 
excepting in the second Edition 
of the first Folume, and the first 
Edition of the second Vo- 

wirke, zoork. 

■wirschip, worship, honour. 

■wis, zoish''d. 

wise, wise, conditio)!, uppon suilk 
a wise, upon such a condi- 

wisse, certify, wish. 

Wissonday, Whitsunday. 

wist, knew, understood^ ne wist, 
knew not. 

wiste, know, know. 

wit, with, knew. 

wite, blame, know, understand, to 
wite, to know, punish. 

wited, blamed. 

witen, know, given, understands 
ne witen, know not. 

witeword, allotment, assignation. 

with, with, by. with Jji that, dum- 
modo, ea lege ut, ea conditione 
ut, so that, upon condition that. 
with Jjider, whither. 

withhald, withhold. 

withouten, without. 

withsette, withset, set against, put 
in a condition of opposition. 

\vithsitte, sit against, zcithstand. 

with stand, zoiihstand, stopped. 

witte, know, design. 

wittyng, knozsledge. 

witworde, ordinance. 

wityng, knowledge, privity. 

wo, grieved. 

wod, wood, woods. 

wode, mad. 

woke, watched, week, awaked. 
This Word woke is used also by 
Robert of Gloucester for 
week ; but His woiike in that 
place, ' where he speaks of 
Otho the Pope^s Legatees 
going to Oxford, and of the 
great fray that happened at 
that time at Osney, when the 

Pag. 527. 




Legate was forced, for secu. 
rity, to get into the Steeple of 
Osney Abbey Church, the Scho. 
lars of Oxford being enraged 
to such a degree, from the 
Affront put upon them by one 
of his servants, that, in all 
probability, he might, other- 
wise, have lost his Life. The 
matter was afterwards accom. 
modated, but with Loss to the 
Scholars, as may be learned 
from Mr. Wood's account there, 
of, in his History and Anti- 
quities of the University of 
Oxford, under the years ciocc- 
XXXII x:, cioccxxxix. But then 
Mr. Wood does not take no- 
tice of what Robert of Glou- 
cester says thereof, having not, 
I suppose, met with it in the 
Papers (for I do not think, 
that he had seen Robert of 
Gloucester himself ^) zohich he 
perused; and yet RoberVs ac- 
count ought not to have been 
passed over, as having something 
in it very particular about an 

ullozmnce, that the Scholars 
made to the Legate, even as 
much as he spent in commons 
(or in his Family or Houshold) 
in the Week, which was a great 
Burthen, considering that it 
lasted many Weeks together, and 
that the Legate, and his Reti- 
nue, which was very large, lived 
very magnificently, and spent 
much, notwithstanding the fre^ 
quent Treats they met with. 
But the MS. prose Chronicle,uin 
Mr. Ward of Longbridge's 
hands, represents this com- 
promise, as if the Scholars 
granted the Legate as much as 
every Scholar''s Com7nons came 
to by the Week, whereas the 
original Words have another 
Sense, viz. nhat I have men. 
tioned, that they allowed him 
as much as he spent in the 
Week in Commons, whichmight 
be therefore sometimes more, 
sometimes less {but ulzoays, to 
be sure, very great) as occasions 

So that (saith Robert *) vor the manslajt, & uor the other won, 
The clerkes finede with him gret raunson inou, 
That ech clerc in the toune him jef atten ende 
As muche, as he [Otho the legate'^ in the wouke in is commune 

Set my Prefact to Robert nfGlouc. pag. XLr. • Pag. 528. 




But, for better satisfaction to 
the curious Reader, I have here 
thought Jit to transcribe the 
■whole passage, as 'tis in Air. 
Ward's MS. 

And at that tyme was niaister 
Edmunde of Abendon arcliibis- 
shoppe of Caunterbury, an lioli 
,jg^^ man, in the twelff hundred 
yere of our lorde and foure 
and thritti. And at that tyme 
«ome the legat Oter from Rome, 
and called a councelle of Bis- 
shopes at London, and went 
from thens to Oxenford to the 
Abbey of Osney. And as cer- 
teyn of the Clerkes come to 
speke with the legate, vppon 
Seynt Gregoryes day, one of 
the legate's men cast bote broth 
vppon a scolore, and then come 
the Clerkes first, and besett Os- 
ney, and slew one of the legat- 
te's men, and the legat fled in- 
to the Stiple. So that at last 
they to accorde. But the legat 
asked a grete raunsome for his 
manslaughter. And in conclu. 
cion, the Scolers graunted hym 
asmoche as euery Clerkes comon. 
nes come to by the woke. 
yf old, zoorld, would. 

wond, zL'ound. 

wonded, wounded. 

wonden, wound. 

wondere, xionderfull. 

wondes, wounds. 

wondred, wandered, rambled, rush^ 

edi wondered. 
wone, continue, wont, habitation. 
on purchace wise to wone, to 
continue in purchase wise. 
woned, dwelt, lived, continued. 
wonen, uon, conquered. 
wones, dwellings, habitations, 

wonn, live, inhabit, dwell. 
wonne, inhabit, dwell, tarry, 
wont, continue, customed, usual, 
customari/,accustomed, won, got, 
wont to have, found. ]>e empe- 
rice was wonne, & right heyre 
forto trowe, the empress was 
found, and believ'd to be the 
right heir. 
wonned, dwelt. 

wonneU, won, wan, got, dwelling, 
continuing, taken, dwelt, inha- 
bited, tarried, were zsont. 
wonnes, tarrys, stays, dwells. 
wonnyng, habitation, dwelling, 
wons, dwells. 

wonyng, dwelling, habitation, 
dwellings, wonyng mp. 223. is a 

} This marginal Number is of a modern hand; but it should be 1238. as it really is in 
Robert of Oloucester himself^ tho' the Metaphrast hath not noted it, who however could 
not but see that Robert hath fx'd Edmund of Canterbury's time to the year liSi- an4 
the coming of the Legate to that of 1238. 




false Print for monyng. 

wonyng stede, dzcell/ng place. 

woo sive wooe, vozv. 

wore, were, was. 

worth, worthy, worth be schent, 
zcorlhij to perish. 

Most, xcist, knozvest. 

wot, know. 

wote, know, knows, wot, I wote 
vvele, / know well. 1 ne w ote, 
/ know not. 

wooh, wo^ gf'i^f affliction, harm, 
loss, grew mad. to fele wroiih 
he woLih, he grew mad with 
much wrath sive great anger. 

woule, wool. 

wouwe, zvooe. 

wowj, wall. 

woyde, void. 

woje, vow. 

wrask, brisk, coiiragious. 

wrecchis, wretches. 

wreche, zoretchedness, miserj/, re- 
venge, vengeance. 

wreke, revenge. 

wrenk, deceit, cheating. 

"wrenke, deceit. 

wreth, wrath, anger. 

Wright, build, work, raise. 

wrightes, wrights, artificers, ei- 
ther from the Saxon ppyhta, 
Jictor, or pyj^hra, opifcx, ope. 
r arias. 

wrihte, zorought. dowr'ihta, work, 

writ, writing. We commonly 
understand by Writ (the same 
with the Latin breve) a writ- 

ten Order or Precept from the 
King or Court of Judicature, 
by which any thing is command- 
ed to be done, relating to a 
Suit or Action ; of which kind 
is that remarkable one, relating 
to University-College, of K. 
Rich"^. 11. with his Seal annex'd, 
that I just saw and hastily run 
over not long siiice i , indorsed 
by a late hand in this manner, 
if I remember rightly : A'. R. 
2. tVritt of supersedeas to the 
Maior of Oxon to stay sute 
of Edmund Froces [/. Fraun- 
ces] against the College. As 
the King reckons himself and 
his Progenitors there Founders 
and Patrons of UniAersity-Col- 
lege, or the College of Great 
University Hall, so the same was 
done afterwards expressly byllen. 
VL iu a Writing, quoted from 
the College Muniments by Mr. 
Twyne^, in which K. Alfred is 
as expressly mentioned as Foun- 
der. — magna Aula prcedicta est 
quoddani antiquum Collegium ex 
fundutione S) patronatu pnedic 
ti Domini Regis [Hen. VL] 
nunc et prvgenitorum suoruin 
quondam Regum Anglice, vi- 
delicet ex fundutione quondam 
Domini Alfredi, quondam Re. 
gis progeniforis domini Re 
gis nunc praidicti ante tern- 
pus a foto tempore cujus contra. 
rii memoria hominum non ex- 

' Coll. nostr. MSS. vol. 107. p. 147. ^In Apologia Aiitiquitatis Acad. Oxou. 
p. 189. 

Vol. II. G G 

S//7 ; 



istii ; I know indeed that 

Mr Prynne denys ' K. Alfred 
to be the Founder, but we know 
what party he had io serve, 
which made him willing to over- 
look and pass over every thing 
that appertain'd to the King's 
Right *. 

write, K.-r?Y, zsriting. 

Avroken, revenge, revenged. The 

Word wroke for reveng'd icas 
used even in the Reign of K. 
Henry VIIl. For thus John 
Skelton, the famous Poet Lau- 
reat at that time, in his Ymage 
of Ypocresy \ the MS. zohereof 
was lent me hy the learned Fe- 
ter he Neve, Esq. ; Norroy 
King of Arms : 

For when he \_the Pope"] wilbe wroke, 
No man may bere his stroke, 
So hevy is his yoke, Sfc. 

in which Treatise the Author 
most inalitiously writes, not 
only against the Pope and 
other Bishops, but against Ca. 
nons, Priests, Monks and Fri- 
ers, and makes use of such 
opprobrious, unbecoming Ian. 
guage, as he zcas hardly 
matched by any of those times, 
unless by foul-mouthhl Bale. 
But notzoithslanding he reviles 
the Clergy and others at such 
a rate, he was, tho'' a clergy, 
man himself (being Rector of 
Dysse in Norfolk *) guilty of 
those very crimes, that he ac 
cases others, however ifinocent, 
of, insomuch that he kept a con. 
cubine or u-hore in his house, 
and made use of her body (and 

therefore 'tis no znonder that 
he longed to enjoy 

Systers and nonnes. 

And littell pretty bonnes 5) 

a great ivhile together ^, a thing 
so very notorious, that he 
most deservedly fell ' under the 
censure of his Diocesan Richard 
Nykke, Bishop of Norwich, 
zohich discontented him (for 
he was a proud man) to that 
degree, that it shortened his 
Life ". This man^s malice was 
so outragious as to fall upon 
that great, good man Sir 
Thomas More, whom in this 
Treatise he thus asperses 9 : 

' University of Oxford's Plea refuted, pag. 4J, 45. = Coll. iiostr. MS^". vol. 107. p. 
148, 149. 3 Fol. 5-1, a. * Wood's Athenae. Oxon. Vol. I. col. 20. & Of whom he 
makes mention in his book, fol. 125. b. « Pitseus dc illustribus Angliae Scriptorib. 
p 701. 7 Wood's Atheiiae Oxon. loc. cit. » pitseus, loc. cit. 9 Fol. 100. b. 




feut nowe we have a knighte. 

That is a man of mighte, 

All armed for to fighte, 

To put the trouthe to tJightc, 

By bowbell poUecy 

With his poetry, 

And his sophestry, 

To mocke and make a \y 

With quod he and quod I, 

And his appologye 

Made for the prelacy, S,c. 

^ow had he taken care to 
have His Satyr levelled against 
the Crimes of particular ill 
Men, it had been tolerable, 
and his Lushes might have 
proved of great Service. Wise 
men in this Age do not blame 
him for his falling upon Car. 
dinal Wolseij, who, with all 
his Greatness and Mugnijicence, 
did an incredible deal of Mis- 
chief, as is well known to such 
as recollect, not only his 
perswading the King to put 
away his > virtuous and truly 
religious Wife, and his lead, 
ing the way to destroy Churches, 
Chappels, and other Houses, 
dedicated to Religion, but his 

great Enmity to that usc^ 
full art of printing, so as to 
obstruct iVs progress at St. 
Alban's, where otherwise we 
should have seen many more 
Books printed than we now, 
with all our Searches, find that 
there voere. It must be allowed, 
that the Author's Name is imnt. 
ing in this MS. but, 7iotwith. 
standing that, MtK Le Neve 
(and I readily agree zrith him) 
for many reasons ascribes it 
to Skelton, who therefore in 
vain endeavoured to stifle 
his name, and to get off in a 
leering manner, (after the 
fashion of Buffoons) if he 
were inquired after, as may 

•This I learn from a Volume of Collections and ObscroaiionSy (about the Original 
and Progress of Printing,) made by tlie late ingenious Mr. John Bagford, in the be- 
ginning; of which Volume we have, an Account of the liouks printed at St. Alban's. 
with something very rcmarUabh about Cardinal IVolsaJs enmilfi to printins, and hii 
stopping the Press at St, Albans. 

G G 2 op. 


appear from the following End of the four Parts of the 
LineSy that he hath writ, at the Book : 

The grudge of ypocrites conceyted 
ageyiist the Autor of this treatise. 

^ These be as knappishe knackes, 
1 As ever man made, 
yFor javells and for jackes, 
\. A jym jam for a jade. 

/ Well were if we wist, 
1 What a wight he were, 
^That starred up this myst, 

V To do us all this dere. 

^ Oh ! yf we could attayne hym, 

3 He might be fast and sure ; 

J We should not spare to payne hym,, 

V While we raighte indure. 

The Answer of the Auctor. 

/ Ego sum qui sum, 

1 My name may not be told, 

J But where ye go or come, 

V Ye may not be to bold. 

^ For I am, is and was, 
1 And ever truste to be, 
J Neyther more nor las, 

V Then asketh charite. 

^This longe tale to tell, 
1 Ilathe made me almost horse, 
y I trowe and knowe right well, 
VThat God is full of force. 

^ And able make the done, 

1 And defe men heare and speake, 

J And stronge men overcome 

V By feble men and weke. 



So tliens I say my name is, 
I Ye geit no more of of me, 
I Because I wilbe blameles, 

And live in charite. 

But zee ought not to wonder, 
that Skelton, and such as he, 
should, in their JVritings, fall 
so very foully and scurrilously 
upon great good Men, when 
even others, that would fain be 
thought of a more sedate tern, 
per, have not avoided the same 
indecency in their Writings; 
whence 'tis, that we find such 
malicious flirts against the 
poor Monks in Robert Hegge's 
Legend of St. Cuthhcrt, that 
was published at London A. D. 
1663. by one, who stiles himself 
B. R. (not, as in Anthony a 
JVood'. R. B.) Esq;. But, it 
seems, the Publisher hath tuken 
such <i liberty, in setting out 
this little Book (which is noxo 
extremely scarce) that, it may 
be, all the unbecoming Ex pre s. 
sions are to be ascribed to him, 
and not to the Author, whose 
original MS. was formerly in 
the hands of the famous Dr. 
Pocock,from which the lear)icd 
Mr. Rosewell {late Master of 
Eaton School) transcrib'd the 
Epistle to the Reader, omitted 
hy the Publisher, and inserted 
it in a Copy of the printed 
Book, that I lately very luckily 
purchased, froui which I shall 
here copy it, together zsith what 

Mr. Rosezccll says previously 
to it, 

" The 3IS. once belonged to 
" Mr. Noel Spark, B. D. and 
^''fellow of CCC. Oxon, tin. 
" der ivhose hand the following 
" Note is written before the 
" Title Page : 

" Author hujus Libri Robcr- 
" tus Ilegg Diinelm : Coll. Cor- 
" poris Christi Oxon Socius, qui 
"■ in Domino mortuus est Jun. 

" The following Epistle to 
" the Reader I transcrioed out 
" of a fair 3IS. of this Book, 
" written with the Author's 
" own Hand, and now belong. 
" ing to the Reverend c^ most 
" learned Dr. Edward Pococke ; 
" betwixt which MS. and this 
" printed Copie \_there is much 
" difference,'] there being in the 
" latter many omissions, some 
" additions, besides literal 
" mistakes, especially in names 
" of men S^- places, and several 
^'•passages transposed. 

" Dec. 26. " Joh: Rosewell, 
" 1S70 <' CCC.Soc. 

Athen. Oxon. Vol. I. col, 455. 

G G 3 




To the Reader. 

** Things once done and past ^ 
*' are 7iot left for the Inven^ 
" tion, but the Judgement of 
" after ages. And Theft (zcilh. 
" out a paradox) in writers of 
" Historyes is plain dealing 
" 6r an argument of Truth. 
" Onelif it is Ingenuity in the 
*' Historian^ and satisfaction to 
" the Reader, to confess from 
" ti-hom he took his Slorie upon 
*' Trust. In my Journey there- 
'■^ fore through this Ilistorie, 
" I first light into the Com, 
'■^ pany of St. Beda, ztho told 
" me he was eleven years old 
" at St. CuthberVs death, and 
" upon good information had 
" zerit his life. A little further 
" / met with Turgotus Prior 
'•'• of Durham, one that was an 
" eye witnesse of St. CuthberVs 
" incorruption, &; had made 
*' diligent searches into the An- 
'-'■• tiquities of Lindisfarn, Sf 
'' Chester, who brought me for. 
" ward a great part of my way : 
'' till I overtook one Laurentius 
*' a Monk of Durham, who 
*' continued to me the Dis. 
" course of St. Cuthbert, 
*' where Turgotus had left off: 
" Sf travailing on I fortuned 
" to hupp upon my « ountrie- 
" man Simeon of Durham, but 

" Roger Hovenden told me 
" the same tale. Afterwards 
" I had the company of Mai- 
" mesburiensis, Nubrigensis, 
" Parisiensis, IVestmonasteri- 
*' ensis, Hygden, who all had 
'' travailed the way I was to 
" go, and could tell me Stories 
" of St. Cuthbert. But Cap- 
" grave a Monk of Bury pass.. 
^' ed all for telling wonders^ 
*' Sj' one Nicolas of Finchale 
" cosen^d some few miles with 
*' a merry relation of St. God- 
*' ric. Harpsjield also stood 
''■ me in stead by his direc- 
" lion, when I had almost lost 
* ■ my way, with many others, I 
" mett besides, of whom I 
" asked the way to my Jour- 
" ney''s end, where I rest 

Julij 1. 
Anno 1626. 

R. H: Dutielm : 

But though Mr. Rosewell 
ohserv''d so much difference in 
the Text, I do not find, that 
he hath made any Corrections 
in this Copy from the said MS. 
except these following : 

Pag. 8. lin. 3. at one bloio 

kill'd a Prince, and a Bishop 




xtith sorrow^'] at one blow kiWd 
a Prince with the sword, and a 
Bishop with sorrow, MS. 

P. 17. 1. 15. at Twiford upon 
Sluj'j at Twiford upon Alne,MS. 

P. 21. 1. 13. Venerable Tu. 
da'] Venerable Cudd MS. 

P. 33. 1. 13. Ethelred a 
Motikl Ethelwold a Monk MS. 

P. 64. i. 8. that Cumulus 
their King'] that Canutus their 
King MS. 

P. 73. I. 13. Abbot of Sa. 
gium,] Abbot of St. Albans, 

P. 72, alias 89. 1. 13. a PiL 
grimage to the Holj/ Island^] a 
Pilgrimage to the Holy Land, 

P. 84. I. 16. twenty two 
Oxen :] twenty two yoke of Ox- 
en: MS. 

P. 91. I. 10. Richard Fox, 
and Bishop Winton] Richard 
Fox, Bishop Winton MS. 
wrote, wrought. 

wroth, wrath, anger, in anger, 
with anger. 

wrotherhaile, loss of health, to the 

loss of health. 
wroj^erheile, loss of health, or 

safety, malediction, cursed j^am 

wroJ7erheile, cursed them with 

the loss of salvation ; anathema. 

tiz'd them. 
wrouh, wrath. 
wrouhtis, wroughfest. 
Mundred, wandered, rambled, 

rushed, wondered. 
wyght, swift, couragious, 
wyld, would. 
wyn, get. 
Wynne, win, get, conquer, riot, 

luxury, joy, mirth. 
wynnyng, winning, getting, gain. 
wyntertide, winter-time. 
wys, wise. 
wyten, know. 
wytte, know. 
wytten, know. 


yche, each, every. 

« G 4 




i\Bington p. 29, 609, 610 
Abretonway or Abreconwaye 

Acrps besieged by the Christians 
J 73, S^-c. and taken 179. An 
Account of a dreadfull fa- 
mine there 174. Acres taken 
by the Saracens 248 
Act of Parliament for the abo- 
Jisliing and putting away of 
divers Books and Images 545 
Adelard (Iv.) 6 

Adelwolf or Ethelwolf (K.) 19. 
he was the first King in Eng- 
land, that gave Tithes to the 
Church ibid. Some say he was 
Founder of the University of 
Oxford, which, however, is 
more rightly said of his Son 
Alfred ibid. 
Alabaster Monument, an ac. 
count of an old curious one 
Albemarle (William of) 119, 

Alexander bishop of Lincoln 6 
Alfride or Alfred (K.) 24. he 
founds the University of Ox- 
ford 19, 683 
Algar E. of Kent 61, 62 

AUormore 356 

Alnewik castle 226 

Aluertone sire AluertonSl, 47, 

Anlaf (K.) 31, 32 

Arthur (King) his prudent con- 
duct and strict Justice 311 
Ashbury sive Aslieberye 370, 

387, 601 
Ashecote 360 

Athelstan (K.) 28. crowned at 
Kingston zAzJ.forcestheWelsh 
to pay him tribute ibid, con- 
quers several kings ibid, the 
treachery of his brother Ed- 
wyn, who is therefore thrown 
into the Thames ibid, his be- 
nefaction to Beverlay and 
Durham 29. vanquishes Gon- 
stantyn K. of Scotland ibid. 
smites an ell in a stone at 
Dunbar ibid, his sister Hilda 
married to Charles K. of 
France 29, 30. vanquisheth 
Constantyn K. of Scotland 
again, and also K. Anlaf 30, 
31, 32. his death and hu. 
rial 32. his Acquisitions in 
Scotland 321 
Atkins (Sir Robert) 592 

Auenu, Aucune or Aucunes (Sir 
James of) 188 


Bacon (Fryer) See Oxford. 
Bad bury 377 




Badcombe 353, 364 

Bagberye sive Baggebere 360, 

Bagford (John) 685 

Baker 534 

Baldewyn K. of Jerusalem 140, 


Bale (John) 645 

Baliol (John) K. of Scotland, 

does homage to K. Edward 

'250. his falseness 265. a sad 

destruction made of his Ar- 

rny by the English 276. he 

is brought to London 279. 

and deprived of his Kingdom 

279, 280 

Baliol (Sir Guy) 222 

Baltesborongh 363, 387 

Bamburgh castle 78 

Bangor 15 

Barnehouse 364 

Barslake sive Barselake 382, 386 

Basse-More near Oxford 622 

Bastesborough 356 

Bathe 9, 43 

Battle Abbey 72 

Bautiehj^n* See IBCOixtte* 

Bayly (Thomas) 552 

Bede (St.) 1, 10, 25, 306 

Bedford 47. Bedford besieged 

and taken 113. 
BeDuerc ^^autictopn of) 112 

Beket (St. Thomas a) born 128. 
his father ibid, made archbi- 
shop of Canterbury 129. he 
was a great Friend to the 
Clergy ibid, wiiich occasions 
a great difFcreuce between 
him and K. Henry II. ibid, he 
is murthered 131. great ho- 

nours paid him ibid. 
Beleyse (^Robert de) an account 
of his Enmity to K. Henry 1. 
97, 98. 
Bellinden (John) 662 

Berghes 361 

Beruers 674, 675 

Bernwolf (K.) 14 his Son VVi- 

laf 15 
Berwick taken by K. Edward 

271, 272 
Bethlyngton 77 

Bever (John) 599 

lBit])&m castle 120 

Blacke moore 350 

Blackwars wood 352 

Body (Rob.) 242 

Boetius's (Hector) History of 
Scotland, the old Scotish 
Translation thereof 526 
Boloyn (Godfrey of) his sayings 
about Robert Courthose 101 
Boniface (Pope) a great differ- 
ence between him and the 
K. of France 320 
Boun (Sir Humfrey) marries K. 
Edward's daughter Elizabeth 
Bourchier 674 

Bradanfeld or Bradfeld 597 
Brady (Dr.) 230 

Brent 362 

Brightfertus, Bridfer(us,or Brid- 

frithus. See Byrdferthus. 
Brightwcil Castle 600 

BristoU 365 

Brittrik (K.) 10. his queen Ed- 
burgh, or Eadburg, a wic- 
ked woman ibid, she was the 
occasion for her villany of the 



Decree, that the Queens of 
the West-saxon Kings should 
not be stiled, Queens, but 
the Kings wives 12. A passage 
about him out of the prose 
Additions to Robert of Glou- 
cester in the MS. of Rob. of 
Glouc. in the Heralds Office 
Erode Oke Common 352 

Brode.wynsour 362 

^rom0t|)ueite 83. It is TBto- 
mefitnayt in the French 
Brotherton 310 

Bruce (Ld.) 597, 600 

Bruce (Robert) K. of Scotland 
kills John Comyn 330. and 
takes possession of Scotland 
331. and defies the English, 
ibid, he is vanquished and 
forced to ramble about 336. 
and his two brothers are tak- 
en ibid, and both executed 
337. See Bruse. 
Brunesburgh 31 

Brunne (Robert of) perhaps 
the Author of the Lives of 
the Saints in old English 
Verse 542. and of several old 
MSS. tracts (one of Avhich a- 
bout Hell^ in the Hands of 
the Publisher 582 

Bruse (Robert) his advice to 
David K. of Scotland 116. 
See Bruce. 
Brustwik upon Humber 327 
"^Btutc of (IBnglaitli, the Chro- 
nicle so called 536, 598, 616 
Buckingham 47 

jBucklande sivp Bucklonde 362, 

368, 387 
Budcleigh 355, 363, 364, 365, 

Bullen (Ladie Anne) 555, 641 
Bulton 364 

Burraan (William) 636, 598 
Burton (Edward) 645 

Butlesbeare 356 

Byndon 370 

Byrdferthus, Brightfertus, Brid- 

fertus, or Bridfrithus 66 1 , 670 


Cadwalader*s (K.) death 1 

Caerdiff 101 

Camleigh 362 

Campden (battle in a fine green 
under) 2. this Campden is 
in Gloucester-shire 592 
Canterbury (A contention a- 
bout choosing an archbishop 
of) 208 
Carleon 38 

Carlile, Parliament there 338 
Castell wood 369 

Cawood 310 

L'hadsay 348 

Charles I. (King) his Excel- 
lencies 533. Lieutenant Coll. 
Joyce probably the person 
that cut off his Head 535 
Charter of liberty 299, 30% 

Cherry (Francis) 520 

Chester 19 

Christ Malford 373,388 

Christians, their success against 
the Saracens in the time of 
K. Stephen 125 
Cistercian Monks come into 
England 88 




Clergymen (punishment oO 337 
Clewer 360, 361 

Cnute seizes the Crown of Eng- 
land 45. but is chaced by K. 
Eilred or Ethelred ibid, he is 
made K. of England 48. the 
agreement between him and 
Edmund Ironside ibid, his 
behaviour and diligence im- 
mediately upon Edmund I- 
ronside's death ibid, he mar- 
ries Q. Emma 49. attentive- 
ly considers the words of Q. 
Emma, with regard to Edrick 
the traytour, whom he or- 
ders to be hang'd 49, 50. di- 
vides his dominions amongst 
his Sons 50. his death and 
burial 51 
CofFrer (Sir Ralph) 319, 320 
Colibrant the Gy ant 31. slain 

by Guy E. of Warwick 32 
Columns or Colonnesi, the con- 
troversie between the Pope 
and them 322- the destru- 
ction of them by Pope Boni- 
face 323 
Commandments (the ten) in 

old English 585, 586 
Common (the) a Wood so called 

Comyn (Robert) burnt at Bur- 
ham 74 
Comyn (Sir John) slain by Ro- 
bert Bruce King of Scotland 
Conquest in Somersetshire, a 
Discourse of some Antiqui- 
ties found near it 439 
Constantyn K. of Scotland his 
falseness 29, 30 

Cookham 602. 


Bridges 520. 


Dean 593 









Coventry (Church of) robbed 

by Rob. Marmion 123. 
Coway stakes 544 

Cowe, a Rhythm so called 320, 

uti etiam alibi. 
Coyn (the) altered 238 

Cranmer (Tho.) 550, 556, 644 
Creed (Apostles) in old English 

586, 587, 588, 589, 634 
Cressyngham (Concerning Sir 

Hugh) 297, 298 
Cromish Castle 600 

Cromwell (Oliver) the Arch- 

Rebell 535 
Crouland 35 

Crumwell (Lord) 556 

Culham 596 

Cumlerton 364 

Cumnor 602 

Cuthbert's (St.) Reliques 76, 
77. they are brought again, 
and put in a Shrine at Dur- 
ham, where they had been be- 
fore 77 
Cysfeaux (The order of) first 
brought into England 89 


Danegelde or Dane gelt (alias 
Dane-gild) 109, 110. taken 

Dardan, Son of the K. of Den- 
mark 16 




David, K. of Scotland, assists 
the Empress Maud against K- 
Stephen 113. summons his 
Parliament at Roxburgh ibid. 
goes into England, but is vi- 
gorously opposed 114, 115. 
lie is advised by Robert 13ruce, 
but lie follows not his coun- 
sel, but fights with the En- 
glish, is beat and taken pri- 
soner 117, 118. he is sent in- 
to England with his Son Hen- 
ry by K . Stephen ibid, he e- 
scapes to Scotland 121 
Denney (Sir Anthony) 559 

Denton..Court 594 

Bepplyn (Sir ^yiliiam) 39.6 

Derby 33 

Deverell Langbrydge sive Deue- 
relangbridge 374, 380, 381, 
Deyvile (Sir John) 223 

Dicheyat sive Dycheyat 358, 3t)4 
Dodwell 538 

Dolj'ewood 309 

DomcsHar IB00& 649 

Dommorhame sive Dommer- 
hame vel Dommerham 378, 
Doncaster 16, 47. battle there 

Doulting sive DouKying 203, 

Dower 348 

Drirteld 23 

Dufnald K. of Scotland 90 

Dnltyng 352 

Dunbar 273, b;c. 

Dunkan K. of Scotland 90, 91 
Dunstan the Son of Agilet, 
something relating to him 

Dunstan's (St.) D^ath 38 

Durham, the havock made there 
by William Conq. 74. ano- 
ther account of the Damages 
that happened to Durham in 
the time of William Conq. 
74, 77. and what reparations 
are made by order of that 
King 77, 79. Durham Church 
and Cloyster built 80 

Durham (Randolph Bishop oO 
his treachery 96 

Durham (Walter Bishop of) 
slain 82 

Dycheyat. See Dicheyat. 

Eadbald K. of Lyndesay 8, 9 

Eadwin and Morkar endeavour 

to set Edgar Atheling upon 

the Throne, after the Death 

of K. Harold, but are not 

countenanc'd enough by the 

men of power, 71, 72 

Eastbrent 360, 361, 363, 364 

I'^aste Mockton ' 375 

Eas'^eppnarde,Eastpennarde sive 

Estpennard 357, 363, 364 
Edbalde(K.) 20 

Edgar [Atheling] right heir to 
the Crown of England, tho' 
not countenanc'd by such as 
should have done it 72 
Edgar, Son of Malcolm, set- 
tled on the Throne of Scot- 
land by the help of K. Wil- 
liam fiufus of England 92. 
Edi^ar (K.) 35. his foundation 
ofRumsey Nunnery ibid, mar- 
ries Elfled the fair ibid, and 



after that bitter Estrild ibid. 
his issue ibid, his power ibid. 
a great friend to Churches 
and religious houses ibid, his 
death 36. he is buried at 
Glastonbury, where was a 
Shrine for him ibid. 
Edith Wife of K. Edw. Con. 
fessor 60. taken away by Ead- 
win and Morkar, and carried 
to Carleon 71, 72 
Edmund Irenside marries the 
widow of Sigiferde 46. E- 
drik's treachery to him 46, 
47. Edmund goes to Lon- 
don 47. and is crowned King 
there 48. the great opposition 
he meets with from Cnute 
ibid, the agreement between 
them ibid. Edmund's Death 
ibid, he is buried at Glaston- 
bury ibid, his son slain by K. 
Cnute, by advice of Edrick 
Edmund (K.) brother of Athel- 

stan 32 
Edmund (S.) king and martyr 

Edmund (S.) Archbp. of Can- 
terbury 606. his Father Ray- 
nold I'e Riche 609. his Mo- 
ther Mabilia ibid, his two 
Sisters 611 
Edmundsbory (S.) A Parlia- 
ment held there by K. Ed- 
ward 283 
Edred (K.) brother of Ed- 
mund 33 
Edrick the traytour destroy'd 

49, 50 
Edward the elder (K.) 26 

Edward the Martyr (K.) 36, 
629. absurdly represented 
with a long beard in the old 
Paintings of All-Souls CoUeg« 
Library 628 
Edward (S.) Son of K. Ethel, 
red, goes into Normandy to 
Duke William 52. returns 
into England 56. crowned K. 
of England 57. assists Swane 
King of Denmark ibid, his 
troubles from E. Godwyn 58. 
he marries E. Godwyn's 
Daughter 60. his Friends 
take the Scottish K. and the 
Scots do homage to K. Edw. 
Conf. 61. overpowers Grif- 
fyn K. of Wales ibid, he re- 
calls his brother's Son Ed- 
mund out of Hungary ibid. 
overpowers Griflyn again, 
who is beheaded 63. the op- 
position he receives from 
Malcolm K. of Scotland 62. 
his troubles from the bro- 
thers and son of Griffyn 63, 
64. he builds St. Peter's Myn- 
ster at Westminster 65. his 
Vision and Death ibid, he 
forgets his agreement with 
Duke AVilliam, and desires, 
that Harold may be his Suc- 
cessor ibid, the wickedness 
of men, even of the Clergy, in 
his days ibid, for which they 
sulfered by the coming to the 
Crown of William Duke of 
Normandy 66. some old 
Verses (from a MS. of the 
Lives of the Saints in the 
hands of Mr. Sheldon) re- 



lating to this K. Edward, 
commonly called the Con- 
fessor 628 
Edward (Prince) escapes from 
prison at Hereford 219. his 
victory at the battle of Eve- 
sham 221. his atchievements 
at the Isle of Ely 225. he is 
a courteous and mercifull 
prince ibid, he takes AlneAvik 
castle 226. he goes into the 
Holy Land 226, 227. he is 
wounded by a Saracen with a 
poysoned knife 229. his mar- 
riage with dame Elianor 230. 
by whom he hath young K. 
Edward ibid, and dame Joan 
of Acres ibid, he returns into 
England ibid, he is crowned 
K. of England 235. his wife 
also crowned ibid, he quells 
the rebellion of Leulyn prince 
of Wales 236, 237. alters the 
coyn 238. at which time the 
Statute of Mortmayn is made 
239. new troubles from Leu- 
lyn and David 240. K. Ed- 
ward's Enemies, Leulyn and 
David, beheaded 242, 244. 
after which, things are at peace 
244. he goes with his queen 
towards Gascoiny 245. after 
his departure the Welsh 
rise again, by advice of Re- 
seamiraduke ibid, the king 
and queen return to England 
246. he punishes the false 
Justices upon his return ibid. 
is rid of Reseamiraduke 247. 
the death of his Queen Elia- 
nor 218. he goes toward 

Scotland ibid, and fortifies 
the castle of Norham ibid. 
decides the controversy about 
the crown of Scotland in fa- 
vour of John Baliol 249, 260. 
and receives Homage of the 
said Baliol 250. comes to 
Durham and Beverlay 251. 
he is very pensive after the 
death of his Queen 252. 
thinks of marrying Blanche 
(a most beautifuU creature) 
Sister of the K. of France 253. 
and a form of Marriage is 
agreed between them 254. 
but the K. of France proves 
treacherous 256. and K. Edw. 
endeavours to have justice 
255, 256. the proceedings on 
that occasion between him 
and theK. of France 257, Sfc» 
he finds new troubles in Wales 
from another Reseamiraduke 
262. the issue thereof ibid. 
8f seqq. John Baliol's false- 
ness to K. Edward 266. and 
the falseness also of the Welsh 
265, 266. The Normans 
arrive against him at Do- 
ver, but are beat back 266, 
267. the treachery of Thomas 
Turbevile to him 267. the 
King sends an Army into 
Aquitain 271. and goes him- 
self in person towards Scot- 
land ibid, and takes Ber- 
wik 271, 272. he scours 
the Scots, after they had burnt 
Hexham and Lanercost 273, 
274, 275. and kills a prodi- 
gious number of thorn in bat- 



tie 277. he depriv^es JohnBa- 
liol of his Kingdom of Scot- 
landj and committs the Go- 
vernment of it to Justices 
280. concerning this union 
of both Kingdoms 282. K, 
Edw. holds a parliament at 
Edinburgh 283. in which the 
King and Clergy differ ibid. 
which difference is continued, 
but pretty well compro- 
mised in a Parliament at 
London 286, 287. at this 
time Messengers come to him 
from France 287. he sum- 
mons a Parliament at West- 
minster 290. and resolves to 
go to Flanders, contrary to 
the advice of his Council 
293. and goes accordingly 
ibid, to his great hazard 294, 

295. he is not generous to 
his barons, as K. Arthur was 

296. after his Toyage the 
Scots rebell 297. he is trou- 
bled at it, and grants the 
Charter of liberty 299. and is 
thereupon strenuously assist- 
by the Clergy and barons 
300, 301. and the barons as- 
semble at York on that ac- 
count 301. where the Charter 
of liberty is read 302- K. Ed- 
ward refers the difference 
between hira and the K. of 
France to the Pope, and re- 
turns into England 302, 303. 
he sets the .Scottish Prisoners 
at liberty ibid, who prove 
treacherous ibid. theKing goc s 
ia pilgrimage 304. and ob- 

tains a great victory over the 
Scots at Faukirk or Foukirk 
ibid, he gets a dispensation 
for dissolving his Contract 
with Blanch, in order to mar. 
ry Margaret, Sister to the 
King of France [viz. Philip 
the IVth. sirnamed the Fair^ 
306. whom he marries ac- 
cordingly 308. goes towards 
Scotland,but indiscreetly ibid. 
and returns ibid, calls a Par- 
liament at London 309. and 
adjourns them to Carlile ibid. 
and for what reasons ibid, his 
Son Thomas born at Brother- 
ton 310. and the King him- 
self goes thither ibid, agrees 
upon a truce with the Scots, 
and returns to London 311. 
calls a Parliament at Lincoln 
311, 312. the Complaints 
made to him there 312. 
and his Answer ibid. 
what followed after, espe- 
cially Avhen he would not 
acquiesce in what was said by 
the Barons 313, 314. what 
the Pope said with respect to 
the difference between K. 
Edw. and the K. of France 

315. K. Edward gives Wales 
to his Son ibid, he and his 
Son go for Scotland 315, 

316. but return again upon 
the arrival of the Pope's jNun- 
cio 316. marries his Daugh- 
ter Elizabeth to Sir Hum- 
phrey Bonn 318. great endea- 
vours, that Matters should 
be reconciled between him 




and Scotland ibid, but in vain, 
and (hereupon a Slaughter is 
made by the Scots of the En- 
glish, occasioned chielly by 
the Flight or Cowardice of 
Sir John Segrave 319. he 
drives the Scots 'before him, 
and passes a vast way into the 
Country 321. the War being 
ended, he and his Queen 
reside for some time at Dun- 
fermlyn 322. he besieges 
and takes Strivelyn 326. he 
makes diligent search, in his 
return from Scotland, after 
those who had been tlie au- 
thors and abettors of any 
commotions and disturbances 
in his absence 327. and 
upon that occasion ordains 
Trailebaston 328. he prepares 
Mar against Robert Bruce, K. 
of Scotland 331. keeps his 
FeastofWhitsontideat West- 
minster 332. at which time 
he dubs many Knights ibid. 
This was the greatest Feast 
that ever happened in Britain, 
since the Feast of K. Ar- 
thur at Car! eon ibid. He and 
Prince Edward take their 
Journey toward Scotland 
against Robert Bruce 333. the 
King sickens at Lanertost, but 
recovers ibid, he gets a Vic- 
tory over the Scots atMetfen, 
and forces K. Rol^ert to scnlk 
about ibid. K. Edward holds 
a Parliament at Carlile 338. 
whither a Cardinal comes 
from Home about a Match 

for the Prince with the King 
of France's daughter 338. 
King Edward's Death 339. 
he is buried at Westminster 

Edward VI. (K.) Act ofParlia- 
ment in his Reign for the 
abolishing and putting away 
of divers Books and Images 

Edwy (K.) brother of K. Edred 

Egbriht(K.)14, 15, 16,17, 18. 

Eilred [whom others call Ethel- 
red] (K.) Son of K. Edgar 37. 
St. Diinstan's words to him 
ibid, the strange troubles of 
his Reign from the Danes 38. 
marries Emma, Daughter of 
the Duke of Normandy 40. 
his Issue by her ibid, he beats 
the Danes, and thereupon 
Swane comes against him 
ibid, he compounds with 
Swane 41. he makes Edrik 
his privy counsellor, who 
proves a traytour ibid, and 
'tis by Edrik's means, that so- 
much mischief is done by 
Swane and his Son Knute at 
Oxford and elsewhere 42. 
Eilred goes with his Wife to 
Normandie 43, 44. he is again 
plagued by Swane, who dies 
suddenly 44, Eilred comes 
again into England, and 
receives the Kingdom 45. but 
is again troubled by the con- 
trivance of Edrik 46. he is 
assisted by his Son Edmund 
Irenside ibid. Eilred falls sick 



ibid, his Death 47. his two 
Sons Alfred and Edward 52. 
whereof Alfred is destroyed 
by E. Godwin ibid, and Ed- 
ward goes over to Duke Wil- 
liam the Norman ibid. 

Eland 77 

Elendoune (battle of) 14 

Elfrith or Elfride (K.) 21 

iEUis's (Mr. Thomas) imperfect 
Edition of Dr. Powell's Hi- 
story of Wales, 3, 61, 62 

Elys. See Helys. 

Enderbie (Percy) a paultry writ- 
er 4 

England (The five plagues or 
sorows of) 7 

Esterete 362 

Estpennard. See Eastepenarde. 

Ethelbert (K.) 

Ethelred. See Eilred. 

Ethelwolf. See Adelwolf. 

Euesham 46. The battle of Eue- 
sham 221 

Ew.Elm Church 650 

Eylrike the Dane put up by some 
in opposition to K. Edred 34 

Eymer (Sir) Earl of Pembroke 
331, 333 

Fabian (Robert) 678 

Eardell or Ferdell what ? 600 
Faukirk or Foukirk (the battle 

of) 304, 647 

Feversham 127 

Fisher (Bishop) 550. his Ex- 
cellencies 551 

Fitz Haym 664 

Fleetwood (Bishop) 542 
Vol. H. 

Florence of Worcester, an ex- 
cellent Copy of the 4to. Ed. 
with Dr. Langbaine's MSS. 
Notes, in possession of the 
Publisher 5, 64 
Font-Everard 142 

Fordun (John) 667 

France (Concerning the Court 
of) 255. War between France 
and Flanders 317 
Fraunces (Richard) 625, 676 
Freselle (Sir Simon) 319, 325. 

taken prisoner 335 
Frithbald or Frethebald 15 

Frodesham 237 

Fulman (William) 587, 588 

Gale (Samuel) 561, 562 

<Sate0|)CueU 82 

Gaunt (Gilbert de) 119 

Gaynesburgh 42, 44 

Gervans 77, 80 

Gildas 25 

Gladous. See Leulyn. 

Glastonbury 36, 48, 63. Survey 

of the Estates belonging to 

the Abbey of Glastonbury 

343 Glastonburye Moore 346 

Glastonbury (Sohn of) 597, 

600, 601, 622 
Glossary, a Latin one in MS. in 

the publisher's hands 538 

Gloucester 33 

Gloucester (Robert of) 12. a 

MS. Metaphrase of him, tho' 

done but indifferently 529, 

598, 649, 664, 681 

Godenhay 351, 387 

Godley Moore Comraoa 352 

HH God- 



Godwyn (Earl) concerning him 
and his Son Ilarald b7. he 
and his Sons are banished 
58, 59. and land afterwards 
in England bQ. and are par. 
doned by K. Edward the 
Confessor 60. but his Son 
Swane dies in Lombardy ibid. 
Earl Godwin's perjury and 
death 54, 55. 
Gospatrick E. of Cumberland 
78. and the Differences be- 
tween him and Malcolm K. 
of Scotland ibid, this Gospa- 
trick is humbled by K. Wm. 
Conq. 78, 79. 
Graves (Richard) 582, 593, 

(5raj? (g)ir KeEnalB tjjc) 242 

Greenway (George) 5Q3, 594 
Grefletonnes 372 

Greynton 360, 361 

Griflyn K. of Wales makes war 
upon K. Edw, Confessor 61. 
and is beheaded ibid, and af- 
terwards his Son Griliyn op- 
poses K. Edward 62. but sub. 
mitts with Algar H of Kent, 
and are pardoned ibid, but 
afterwards Griflyn rises again 
ibid, is taken at last and be- 
iieaded 63. but his brethren 
and his son are afterwards 
troublesome 63, 64 
Grimsby or Grymesby 26, 42 
Guilford 52 

Gunter the Father of Hanelok, 

concerning him 25 
Guy E. of Warwick fights Avith, 
and slays, Colibrant the Gy- 
aut 32 


Haga what ? 602 

Haldayn his valour and probity 

Hales 617 

Hall (Richard) 550 The Con- 
clusion of his Life of Bishop 
Fisher 551 
Hame 359 

Hamme 364 

Hamsted Z5Q 

Hanelok, concerning him 25 
Hardeknute made King of Eng- 
land 53.1 54 an austere Prince 
54 a tyrannical exacter of 
Taxes 55, 56 his Death 56 
Harald Harefoot made King of 
England 51 but is disturbed 
by Hardeknute ibid, but they 
come to agreement ibid, his 
ingratitude to his Mother, 
whom he banisheth 53 his 
Death ibid, he is buried at 
Westminster, and afterwards 
his body is taken up, and 
thrown into the Thames 
53, 54 
Harald Harfager 67 

Harald son of Earl Godwyn 58 
he is intrusted by K. Edward 
tlie Confessor 62 he is made 
King of England 66 but is 
embroiled in troubles by 
Tostus and Harald Harfager 
66, 67 whom he defeats and 
kills in battle 67 the kindness 
he receives from, and the pro- 
mises he makes to, William 
Duke of Normandy 68 but 
he does not mind what he 



promisod 69 upon which he 

justly looses the Kingdom 71 

being beaten and slain in 

battle by Diiie William 


Harbinii Coll. 601 

Harpesfield (Nich.) his MS. Dis. 

course concerning Marriage, 

with some Extracts out of it 

638, 4-c. 

Hastings, a castle built there 96 

Epaugljc 212 

Haut assise, a place so called a- 

raong the Saracens 228 
Haywood 360 

Heathe Moore Common 352 
Hedmingham, Hengam, or He- 

ningham 127 
Hegge (Robert) 687, 688 
J^eltoellc 119 

Helys or Elys of St. Omere 124 
Hemingham. See Hedmingham. 
Hengam. See Hedmingham. 
Henry I, crowned King 93 as is 
also Dame Maud his Wife 
ibid, he is opposed by his 
brother Robert Duke of Nor- 
mandy 96 and by Randolf 
Bishop of Durham ibid, an 
agreement between him and 
his brother Robert, by the 
means of Anselm Archbishop 
of Canterbury 97 he meets 
with other opposition from 
Robert de Eeleyse, who is 
taken prisoner, and led with 
his brother Arnald to K. 
Henry, ibid. K. Henry be- 
haves himself courteously to 
his Subjects, by advice of 
his Queen Dame Maud 98 

breaks with his brother Ro- 
bert, and passes over into 
Normandy against him ibid. 
they are again reconciled 99. 
and K. Henry returns into 
England ibid, but they break 
again ibid, and K. Henry goes 
again into Normandy ibid. 
his Enmity to the Clergy, 
which is turned to Friend- 
ship by means of Anselm 
Archbishop of Canterbury 

100. he carries on a War 
against Duke Robert ibid. 
whom he vanquisheth in bat- 
tle, and takes prisoner 100, 

101. after which Robert dies 
in Prison, but his Eyes were 
not (as some say they were) 
pulled out 101. after Ro- 
bert's Death K.Henry is in- 
vaded by the K. of France, 
Avhom he forces back 104. K. 
Henry marries his Daughter 
Maud to the Emperor of Ger- 
many 105. gives Normandy 
to his Son William ibid, the 
Death of Maud his Queen 
ibid. She is buried at St, Paul's 
at London ibid. There is an 
account of her story at West- 
minster ibid, after which the 
King goes to Normandy to 
his Son William 106. he re- 
turns to England ibid, and 
his Sons and others follow 
after, but are unfortunately 
drowned in the Sea ibid, his 
second Wife Adelayn, Daugh- 
ter of Godfrey of Lovain 
106. his Daughter Maud's 

hh2 Hus- 



Husband Henry the Emperor 
dies 106. and she is after- 
wards married to Henry Soti 
of the Earl of Anjoii 107. 
or rather to GeflVey Planta- 
genet Earl of Anjou ibid, by 
"whom she hath Issue Henry 
and William, that were ex- 
tremely beloved by K.Hen. 
I. 108. K. Henry goes over 
to Normandy ibid, his Death 
ibid, he is buried at Reading 
ibid, the Abbey of which 
Place he had founded ibid, a 
controversy about the Succes- 
sion upon his Death ibid 
Henry II. made King 127. his 
power 128. a great difference 
arises between him and Tho- 
mas a Beket 129, 529. Some 
hot words from the King oc- 
casion the murther of St. 
Thomas 131. at which K. 
Henry is much grieved 132. 
a War between him and the 
Scots ibid. William the Scot- 
tish King taken prisoner by 
his Forces ibid, his Son Henry 
rises in rebellion against him, 
and is abetted by the Scots 

133. this Rebellion is quelled 

134. The Contents of K. 
Henry lid's Will made at 
Waltham 135. after he had 
made this Will, he sails over 
Sea, and goes to Paris 137. 
makes peace with France, and 
returns into England ibid. 
holds a Parliament at Ox- 
ford ibid, receives homage of 
the Scottish King 137, 138. 

the Articles upon that occa- 
sion 138. some breach after, 
but new conditions agreed 
upon 139. his Son Henry 
dies ibid, and his Death is 
much lamented by the Fa- 
ther ibid. K. Henry's Affe- 
ction for the wench Rosa- 
mond 139, 140, 676. Appli- 
cation made to him in be- 
half of the Christians against 
the Saracens 140, 141. he 
weeps, but declines going 
into the Holy Land 141. 
does honour to St. Thomas 
the Martyr 142. he sickens^ 
and obliges his Son Richard 
to go to the Holy Land ibid. 
he dies, and is buried at 
Font-Everard ibid, his chil- 
dren 128. he had a child by 
Alice, Sister to Philip K. of 
France 155 
Henry III. crowned King of 
England, with a particular 
account of his Reign 212v 
«*5' seqq. the wonderful beau- 
ty of Eleanor his Queen 
Henry VIII. (K.) 550, 8fc. 
Hexam 32. Hexham burnt 

273, 279 
Hide what ? 601 

K^iCSJjmor near Nettlebed 622 
Hinton (Thomas) 631 

Hob More near York 622 

Hoilingshede 646 

Hood (Robin) 666, 667 

Hownestert 364 

l^untimanbg castle 120 

Hunscott 534 




Huntington (Henry of) the hi- 
storian 6, 25, 111 
Huntingtone 47 

Jlycophrlx or Hycothrift G73, 


Idmistonne sive Idemyston 379 

Jews, their wickedness in K. 
Edward's time 247 

Ilchester 364 

Ine K. of the West-Saxons 2. 
his Son Adellus 5. K. Ine's 
Death and Burial ibid. 
•Inguar and Ubba 22 

Ini & luore 1, 2 

John, Brother of K. Richard, 
marries 206. he is crown'd 
King of England ibid, a par- 
ticular account of his Reign 
ibid. 4- seqq. his children 211. 
his Death 212, 230 
Jones 535 

Joyce (Lieutenant Coll.) pro. 
bably the person that cut off 
K. Charles the Ist's Head 
Ipswich 38 

Isaac K. of Cyprus and Empe. 
rour of the Griffons put to 
flight by K. Richard 161. he 
and K. Richard are reconci- 
led 163. but the Emperour 
falls off 164. See Richard, 
luore. See Ini. 
Justices, their falseness in K. 
Edward's time 246 


Kame in Normandy^ the Church 

there founded by William 

Conq, 84 

Karelauerok castle 310 

Earham (battle of) 16 

Katherine of Spain (Q.) her 

Death and Virtues 640 
Kennington 600 

Kentlesworthe 364 

Key (Thomas) 595, 596 

Kilyngworth castle 224 

Kimpton, near Andover in 

Hampshire 593 
Kingston 28, 37 

Knight, the word, some Re- 
marks about it 539, 540, 541 
Knight's fee what ? 601 

Knyvet 675 

Konyngesburghe 15 

IRoutonmotc 118 

Kymber (Tho.) 551 

Kynewolf (K.) 9 

Kyngtonne alias Ryngtonne 
372, 387 

Lamporte 362 

Lanercost burnt 273 

Langbridge. See Deverell. 
Langtoft (Peter) 36 

Langton (Steven) 209 

Leavys (battle of) 217, 218 
Leicestre or Leycester 33, 47 
Leland's Cabinet in the Bod. 

leian Library 199 
LeNeve (Peter) 673, 674, 675, 

Leulyn prince of Wales his 
spouse 236. he rebells against 
K. Edward ibid, and isquell'd 
2^7. his and his brother Da- 
HI! 3 vid's 



■vid's Falsity 240. Leulyn be- 
headed by Pi,obert Body 242. 
his Daughter Wencilian a 
Nun at Senipryngham 243. 
and her cousin Giadous a 
Nun at Sixille ibid. Lenlyn's 
brother David taken and be- 
headed 244 

Lewis K. of France goes to. 
wards the H. Land 226, 227. 
and dies in his Voyage 227. 

Leycester. See Leicestre. 

Lichfield (Leonard) 572 

Lilly (William) 534 

Lincoln 33, 47. Lincoln castle 
125, A strange old Stone in 
the Castle of Lincoln 26. 
The Jewry at Lincoln de- 
stroyed 224. Parliament at 
Lincoln 312 

Lindsay (about the three Monks 

of) 80 
London 381, 386 

Lud or Lyde (the mouth of) 

Lympleshin or Lymplcsham 360 
36l, 364 


Maddok and Morgan of Wales, 

concerning them 256 
Maidenhead 520 

Malbis (castle of) 81 

Malcolme K. of Scotland taken 
prisoner by William the 
Conq, 79 and ransomed ibid. 
and promises for himself and 
Heirs to do homage to Eng- 
land ibid. Malcolm or Mal- 
colya K. of Scotland slain 
-with his Son Edward 89, 90 

See William Ri/fus. 
Malmcestre 46 ^almtemz the 

same with ^anc^zsKt 4 
Map (an old) in the Bodleian 
Library, in which the Scott- 
ish Sea is made to be Hell 
Marche (Wolnot earle of the) 82 
Margaret Daughter and Heir 
of Alexander K. of Scotland, 
her death 248 
Marlow (Great) 593 

Marmion (Rob.) 123 

Marnehall 370 

Marshal (William) 121. 

Martone 380 

Maud the good Queen, con- 
cerning her 95 
Maud, the Daughter of K. 
Henry L concerning her 106. 
by being married to the Em- 
perour, she becomes Empress 
ibid. Maud the Empress assist- 
ed against K. Stephen by Da- 
vid K. ofScotland 113. comes 
into England 118. She is be- 
sieged in Arundel Castle by 
K. Stephen 119. from whence 
she goes to Bristol ibid, where 
she hath news of the Death 
of her Husband ibid, she 
sends about to the Earons 
for assistance ibid, and finds 
great Friends 120. she takes K. 
Stephen and imprisons him 
at Bristol ibid, and is held for 
Lady in many places ibid, her 
Success makes her haughty, 
which proves to her disad- 
vantage ibid. She goes to 
Winchester 121. and her 



half-brother Robert and Da. 
vid K. of Scotland accompa- 
ny her thither ibid. She is 
taken at Winchester ibid, and 
rescued ibid. She and Robert 
Lovell fly to Oxford 121 She 
escapes from Oxford to Wa. 
lingford 122 Some Remarks 
relating to that Escape 597 
The Death of Maad the Em- 
press 126 and the agreement 
between her Son Henry and 
K. Stephen 126 
Maundevile (Getfr. of) 123 

Mells 354, 364 

Menetest (Sir John) 329 about 

him 330 
Mere 346, 365, 386 
Merkesbury 359, 387. 
Metfen (Battle of) 333 

Money, a remarkable Passage 
concerning it, out of Cax- 
ton's gmage or mprtour of 
tije toorin 620 
Monk (A) hang'd, that leaves 
his profession for the Title of 
a King 171, 172 
Monke woode hill 369 

More (Sir Thomas) 84, 199, 

Morgan. See Maddok. 
Mortmain (The Statute of) 239 
Moubray (Robert) subdued by 
William Rufus, and impri. 
soned at Windsor 91 
Mountfort (Simon) and his 

Sons 217 4-c. 
Murelynche 362, 364, 365 

Murnehall 387 

Murray (John) 19, 76, 88, 131, 
200, 675 

Myddelsoye 360, 361 

Myddleton sive Myddelton 358, 

Myllemarshe 369 


Netletonne 371, 387 

Nevill of Eiilingbeare 520 

Nevill (Sir Thomas de) 319 
New Forest of Winchester made 

92, 93 
Newoode 360 

Newton 367, 387. See Sturme- 

Norfolk (Roger Earl of) 82 
Norham castle 248 

Normans (The) arrive at Do- 
ver, but are beaten back 266 
Northampton 47, 121. Parlia. 

ment there 222 
Northlode 360, 361 

Norwood or Northwoode 344, 

345, 357, 364 
Notingham 33, 47 

Nunney 362 

Nylonde 360, 361, 364 

Ode, Eishop of Winchester, his 

advice to William Rufus 94 
Olifarde (Sir William) 326 

Orkney (Rauf of) 114, 115, 

Oseth K. of Denmark, invades 

England 23 
Osney. See Oxford. 
Otherye 360, 361 

Ottobon the legate 222 

Owen (Will.) 533 

im 4 Oxen, 



Oxen, a town so called where 
St. Edmund's body fell 22 

Oxford or Oxenford 42. Ox- 
ford (University of) founded 
by K. Alfred 19, 683. Ox- 
ford castle besieged by K. Ste- 
phen 121. curious old Wain- 
scotts at Oxford 199. Le- 
land's Cabinet in the Bod- 
lejan Library ibid. Christ- 
Church Flom 570. Fryer Ba. 
con's Study 571. Fryer Ba- 
con the Inventer of Tele, 
scopes, with which he made 
observations in that Study 

571, 572. This Fryer was of 
service as well to the Univer- 
sity, as Town, of Oxford 

572. a contagious disease at 
Oxford ibid. Two odd Ver- 
ses in Merton-College Win- 
dows 579. Some particulars 
relating io the Antiquities of 
Oxford 595, 603, 613. Some 
Remarks relating to the E- 
scape of the Empress Maud 
from Oxford 597. The great 
Conflict there in the Reign 
of K. Hen. III. 614. The 
great fray at Osney by Ox- 
ford, when Otho the Pope's 
Legate was forced, for se. 
curity, to get into the Steeple 
of Osney Abbey Church 681 

Pedwell 362 

Pers of Eridlynton 25, 32 

Pete-s (Hugh) 534 

Philip K. of France, his Fic- 

tion 152. See K. Richard. 
Philippa wife of King Edw. III. 
her beauty 548. Images of 
the Virgin Mary in her Shape 
548, 549 
Pilgrim castle, the Siege there- 
of 180 
Pocock (Dr.) 687 

Popling 369 

]Poita0tic|)e, IPort &ke\ott\}, or 
}Porta0cit{) 64 

Ports Battle between the 

Ports and the Normans 252 
Powell (Dr.) 599 

Printers formerly learned men 

rromptorium parvulorum sive cle- 
ricoruni, a book so called 624 
Prynne (Mr.) 684 

Pucklechurche 365 

Puddleton in Dorsetshire, an 
old Inscription over a Chim- 
ney-piece, or rather cut in 
Stone, there 533 

Pylton 350, 386 


Radley. See Rodley. 
Ramsey abbey 123 

Rasteli or Rastall (John) 19 

76, 82, 84, 88, 101, 107 

131, 139, 198, 199, 200, 

218, 230 
Rawlinson (Thomas) 572, 587, 

588, 61 G, G46 
Reading 14. Reading abbey 

founded by K. Henry I. 109. 

Tile Forbery in Reading 613 
Repyndon 9 

Reseamiraduke heads a Rebel- 



Hon in Wales 245. he is ta- 
ken and executed 247. an- 
other Resmiraduk heads an- 
other Rebellion 262. The 
issue thereof ibid. <Sf seqq. 
Rejnrere of Picardy 124 

Ricalle 67 

Rich (Mr.) 556 

Richard Son of H^n. IT. crown- 
ed King 142. prepares for the 
Holy Land 143. and applies 
to Philip K. of France to 
lend his Assistance in that 
good design 143, 144. who 
sends him a courteous answer 
145. K. Richard sells his 
Moveables and Manours to 
raise Money for his Expedi- 
tion to the Holy Land ibid. 
sends to William King of 
Scotland io come and do 
Homage to him ibid, which 
he does accordingly 146. an 
agreement between him and 
the said K. William with re- 
spect to future Homage ibid. 
he settles the Justices that 
were to look after the Land 
in his absence ibid, he goes 
to Normandy 146, 147. He 
and Philip of France take 
shipping for the H. Land 
147. they are molested with 
a dreadfull tempest 148. but 
escape miraculously 148, 149. 
he relieves his sister Joan Q. 
of Sicily, and delivers her 
from the thraldom of the 
King of that Country 149, 
150, 151. And provides for 
her, and the King of that 

Country at last proves civil 

151, 152. Philip K. of Fran- 
ce's Fiction to K. Richard 

152. an agreement in agita- 
tion between K. Richard and 
the King of Sicily 153. K. 
Richard's Mother comes to 
him ibid, and he marries the 
beautifujl Berengaria ibid, and 
162. abundance of Kings and 
Dukes at the Weddmg 162. 
He and Tancred travell to 
Saint Agatha the Virgin ibid, 
the Difference or Quarrell be- 
tween K. Richard and K. 
Philip 154. the reason why 
K. Richard would not marry 
Alice, Sister to K. Philip 155. 
an agreement between them, 
and K. Richard is intirely 
freed from Alice 156. He 
and K. Philip at Acres, 157. 
and K. Richard takes Me- 
schines ibid, the great dan- 
ger of his Ships in his way 
to Cyprus 157, 158. he takes 
Cyprus 160. he comes to the 
City of Lymosin ibid, puts to 
flight Isaac King of Cyprus 
and Emperor of ihe Griffons 
161. he and the Emperor are 
reconciled 163. but the Em- 
peror falls off 164. he pur- 
sues Isaac, and takes his 
Daughter 164, 165. and ma- 
ny Towns ibid, he takes Isaac 

167. and conquers Cyprus 

168. he destroys a great Ship 
of the Saracens 169, 170. 
takes Aeon 171. comes to 
the haven of Acres ibid, his 




Captain Robert of Thorn- 
ham hangs a Monk, that 
leaves his Profession to have 
the Title of a King 171, 
172. which he justifies to K. 
Kichard 173. K. Ricliard 
besieges Acres 173, 174. 
the misery that the Chri- 
stians endured there through 
famine 174. the diligence 
both of K. Richard and K. 
Philip in the Siege 176. con. 
cerning a Treaty of Peace be. 
tween the two Kings and the 
Saracens 177. at which time 
a Miracle happened 178. K. 
Richard takes Acres by the 
assistance of K. Philip 179. he 
besieges and takes Pilgrim 
Castle, which K. Philip had 
in vain attempted 180, 181, 
182. concerning his probity 
and valour 183. K. Philip is 
dismayed at K. Richard's glo- 
rious Atchievements 184. K. 
Philip returns into France by 
leave of K. Richard, \>ho 
found him to be an Enemy 
instead of a true Friend 185, 
186. K. Richard's great Ex- 
ploits afterwards 186. a Treaty 
of IVace between him and 
the Saladin 195, after which 
K. Richard takes his Journey 
towards England 197. and 
is imprisoned by the Duke 
of Austria 198. and unwor- 
thily treated in prison ibid. 
and 200. his ransom ibid. 
the reason of his being c;il. 
led Sure Be ilpon ibid, his 

rt4)ects to St. Thomas of 
Canterbury 201. the injuries 
he receiv'd while he was in 
prison from his brother John 
ibid, he calls a Parliament at 
London 202. takes an ac- 
count of the Wealth of the 
Kingdom ibid, he goes be- 
yond Sea in opposition to 
the K. of France 203. he is 
Avounded and dies 205. and is 
buried at Font-Everard ibid. 

Richard II. (K.) repairs West- 
minster Hall 89 

Rippon 34 

Rivaulx (The abbey of) found- 
ed by Walter Espeke 89 

Robert of Brunne when he 
flourished 337 

Robert Curthose Duke of Nor- 
mandy goes towards the Ho- 
ly Land 87. returns to Eng- 
land to his Brother William 
ibid, returns out of the Holy 
Land into England 95. du- 
ring his absence in the Holy 
Land, his beautiful! Wife 
Edith was kept by the Earl of 
Cornwall ibid, but now the 
Duke conveys her into Nor. 
mandy ibid, he comes against 
his brother K. Henry 96. and 
is abetted by Randolf bishop 
of Durham ibid, an agreement 
made between K. Henry I. 
and Robert Duke of Nor- 
mandy by means of Anselm, 
archbishop of Canterbury 97. 
but Henry quarrels with him 
tigai!!, and they are again 
appeased 98, 99. but break 



again ibid. Duke Robert beat 
by K. Henry, and taken pri- 
soner 100, 101. and dies in 
prison 101. but his eyes were 
not (as some say they were) 
pluckt out 101. an account 
of him from John Rastall's 
Chronicle 102. his ill fate 
occasioned by his declining 
to be King of Jerusalem 102, 
103. See William Conq. See 
William Rufus 
Robert the first Earl of Glou- 
cester 664 
Rodley or Radley 600 

Rolcombeshed 366 

RoUo the heathen baptized and 
named Robert 24. he con. 
quers Normandy 25 
Eootiloft what ? 544 

Rosamond (the wencti) 139, 
140, 676. Account of a fine 
Picture of her 561 
Rosewell (John) 687, 688 

Rowyng Lake 348 

Rumsey Nunnery S5 

Sacrilege (Punishment of) 123, 

St. John (Sir John) concerning 

the taking of him at Belgrade 

Sandford near Oxford, the I- 

mage of the Assumption of 

the V. Mary found there in 

1723. 544 
/Scotland, a controversy there 

who should be King, which 

is decided by K. Edward 249. 

Concerning the Union of 
England and Scotland 282 
Scots their falseness 132, 303. 
they submit to K. Henry II. 
134. They do homage to K. 
Richard, and enter into Ar- 
ticles thereupon 138. another 
agreement between them and 
K. Richard ibid. The Scots 
rebell upon K. Edward's go- 
ing into Flanders 297. and 
commit odd disorders 298, 
299. they are in a conster- 
nation upon news of K. Ed- 
ward's assistance from the 
Clergy and Barons 300. they 
are vanquished in a great bat- 
tle at Foukirk 304. 
Segrave (Sir John) his flight or 
cowardice, and of the Slaugh- 
ter thereupon that was made 
by the Scots of the English 
Sempyngham 208, 243. the 
original of the Order of 
Sempyngham 111 
Senynhamp tondenyce 362 

Shapwyke 360, 364, 365 

Sharpham 344, 345 

Sheldon 533, 606, 627, 650, 

Shirburne 20, 21, 121 

Short (Jack) 329 

Shortwood 369 

Shottesbrooke 601 

Sibriht (K.) 9 

Sixille 243 

Skelton (John) 605, 684, 685, 

686, 687 
Slacke's (John) Account of the 
Hospital of St. Mary Magda. 



left near Scroby in Netting- 
hamshire 389 
Snotingaham 33 

Snowdoun 240. The destru- 
ction of the English by Welsh- 
men at Snowdoun bridge 
South-Aillington 520 

Southampton 38j 39, 51 

Southwoode 357 

Sowthbrent 360, 361 

Sowye 362 

Soye 364, 365 

Spark (Noel) 687 

Spek (Walter) 114 

Spenser (Sir Hugh) 332 

Stafford 33 

Stamford 33 

Stanford bridge 67 

Statin, steward to the emperor 
Isaac, looses his nose ; and 
how? 165, 166. he is Cour- 
teously received by Richard K. 
of England 166 
Stephen crowned King of Eng- 
land 110. though he had no 
right to it ibid, his Oath at 
Oxford ibid, he hath a con- 
troversy with the Scottish 
King 111. he is tyrannical 

112. and is perjured ibid. 
goes beyond Sea ibid, his 
Son Eustace is made Duke of 
Normandy ibid. K. Stephen 
comes io England, and be- 
sieges Bedford and takes it 

113. goes to Scotland against 
K. David, but is obliged to 
return, and goes to Wales 
ibid, sets up his standard at 
Hereford 113. takos PristoU 

castle and several other places 
ibid, goes to Winchester iftzrf. 
a great victory obtained for 
him over David King of Scot, 
land 117, 118. he goes into 
Scotland and takes K. Da. 
vid Prisoner 118. and sends 
him with his Son Henry into 
England ibid. K. Stephen's 
Son Eustace marries the 
Daughter of Lewys K. of 
France ibid, his Anger to- 
wards Alexander Bishop of 
Lincoln ibid, he besieges the 
Empress Maud in Arundel 
Castel 118, 119. he finds the 
Empress a most couragious 
warlike Enemy 119, 120. he 
is taken by her and impri- 
soned at Bristol 120. he 
escapes out of Prison 121. 
be goes to Wilton, and 
builds a strong Fort there 
ibid, goes to Northampton 
ibid, thence to Oxford, and 
besieges the Empress in the 
Castle there ibid. A Decree 
in his time by the Pope's 
care in behalf of the Clergy 
ibid, his hatred to Sir Hugh 
Bigod 124. and to Ralf earl 
of Chester ibid, keeps his 
Christmass at Lincoln 125. 
the agreement between him 
and Henry fitz Empress 126. 
K. Stephen's Death 127. he 
is buried at Feversham ibid. 

Stigand (Archbishop) depri- 
ved 73 

Stone-henge (A Discourse con- 
cerning) 481 




^txmat {S>it Eogei t^t) 


Twyne (Mr.) 595, 683 

Strete 360 

1, 365 

Tyrrel (Walter) 93, 94 

Strivelyn (the battle vf) 


Strivelyn besieged and i 

Sturmesture Newton 




Vescy (Lord) 22& 

Sturrayster Common 


Vescy's (Sir John) success a. 

Styvely Wood 


gainst the Welsh 242 



Vices (Examples of) which ex- 

Swane K. of Denmark assisted 

tinguish the Grace of God 

by K. Edw. the Confessor 57. 


See Eilred. 

Virgat what ? 600 
Umfreyylle (Sir Ingram) 333, 



Vortigern (K.) his amours with 



Roxena 662 

Tanner (Dr.] 


Uplyme 36ft 

Taylor (Francis) 


Uttred (K.) 8 

Tenkere (castle of) 





Teukesbiri 13, 664 

Thetford 27 

Thornham vel Turnham (Ro- 
bert oQ 164, 168, 169. See 
Richard I. 
Thuenge (Marmeduk de) his 
courage 298. the Treachery 
of the Scots towards him 300 
Thurstan (archbishop) 114, 115 
Tilneys (several remarkable 
Notes relating to the Family 
of the) 671, 672, 673, 674, 
Toghalle 77 

Tostus of Cumberland, con- 
cerning him 65 
Trailebaston, concerning it 327 
Turbevile (Thomas) his trea- 
chery 267. his punishment 
Turuhara. See Thornham. 

Wales (tribute of) in the time 
of K. Athelstan 28 

Walker (Clem.) 534 

Wallace (John) taken and exe- 
cuted 338 

Wallace (William) 297, Sfc. 
he seeks for a compositioa 
with K. Edward, but in vain 
324. his hatred to the En- 
glish 339. he is taken 329. 
and executed ibid. 

Wallingford 43, 122. Walling, 
ford Castle 600, 603. The 
bigness of Wallingford for- 
merly 600, 603 

Wallis 533 

Waltham (Abbot's or White) 
in Berks 601, 602. A Terrier 
of the Vicaridge there 658 

Waltham (Laurence) in Berks, 



602. an Account of some 

Antiquities found in Wey- 

cock field in that Parish 519 

Walton 360 

Ward (Thomas) of Longbridge 

nearWarwick, Esq; 521, 526, 

529, 531, 538, 548, 5 19, 585, 

588, 598, 614, 617, 620, 625, 

635, 649, 651; 664, 678, 681, 


Warenne (Earl of) marries the 

Earl's Daughter of Baar 332 

Warenne (Sir John of) 297, 

Warhame 11, 13 

Warmeshaw 350 

Warnehall 369 

Weaster Moncktou or Weast- 

monckton 362 
Welsh pay homage to K. Eg- 

briht 15 

Wencilian. See Lculyn. 

West (James) 441, 483, 550 

Westbye Wood 347 

Westmynster 37, 51, 53. St. Pe. 

fer's Westminster built by K. 

Edw. Conf. 65. Wt'sfminster 

Hall built by K. William 

Kufus 89. and repair'd by 

Rich. II. ibid. The Statutes 

of Westmynster 237 

Westmonckton 364 

W^eston 348, 363 

Weston Moore 348 

Westpenard 362 

Westwood 355 

Weycock field (in the Parish 

of Laurence-Waltham) in 

Berks, an account of some 

Antiquities there 519 

Whileleigh 362 

Whitestone 362" 

Wicomb 14 

William of Malmesbury cited 

25, 82 
William Duke of Normandy en- 
tertains Edward Son of K. E- 
thelred 52. comes into Eng- 
land to St. Edward the Confes- 
sor 59. The reason of William 
Duke of Normandy's inva- 
ding England 68. at his 
Landing he stumbles 70. the 
battle between him and Ha- 
rold ibid, in which Harold is 
slain 71. after which the 
Duke goes to London, and 
meets with all possible Sue 
cess, those that were for Ed- 
gar Atheling being over- 
powered 72. he is croAvned 
King 73. the wickedness of 
the Clergy at that time ibid. 
he goes to Normandy ibid. 
and his Queen with him ibid. 
they both return to England 
ibid, and his Queen is crown- 
ed ibid, he is disturbed by 
Edmund and Edwyn, Sons of 
Harold of Kent ibid, he goes 
to Durham and makes ha- 
vock there 74. the Danes and 
others come against him in 
great numbers, but peace be- 
ing made between the K. and' 
them, they retire again 74, 
75. his wickedness, and the 
miseries for nine years in his' 
time 75, 76. he abates his' 
cruelty 78. he goes into the 
North of England, quells his 
^ ,lcolm" 
K. of 



K, (Jf Scotland prisoner 79. 
he comes to Durham, and 
visits St. Cuthbert's Shrine 
ibid, and builds the castle of 
Durham, and incloses St. 
Cuthbert's Church with a 
•wall ibid, he goes to^York 80. 
and keeps his Whitsontide 
there ibid, and thence goes 
to London, and does ju- 
stice there ibid, sails over into 
France, and comes to the 
Parliament at Paris 81. con- 
quers several places there ibid. 
goes towards Normandy ibid. 
holds his Parliament every 
year at Winchester 82. severe 
upon those that kiU'd Wal- 
ter Bishop of Durham ibid. 
goes to Alverton ibid. Avhere 
he is warned of treason from 
Malcolm K. of Scotland 83. 
orders his Sou Robert to en- 
quire about it ibid, surveys 
the Nation ibid, gives Nor- 
mandy to his Son Robert 
ibid, and England to his Son 
William ibid, and Wales ifc. 
to his Son Henry ibid, his 
daughter SDe married to the 
earl of ©Icsance ibid, by 
.whom she hath Steven, who 
was afterwards K. of Eugland 
ibid, his Daughter Constance 
married to aiapn earl of Bri- 
tain ibid. K. W illiam dies at 
iSamc 84, and is there bu- 
ried in the Church that he 
had founded ibid, he built 
Battle Abbey ibid, and Ber- 
mondsey Abl)ev ibid, and se- 

veral other Abbies 84, 85. 
William Rufus crowned King 
of England 85. but finds 
many Enemies upon account 
of his eldest Brother, who 
was the rightfuU heir by birth 
ibid, he thereupon applys to 
the K. of France ibid, and an 
agreement is made between 
the two brothers 86. he and 
his brother Robert go to- 
Avards Scotland, and the 
Scottish King Malcolm sub- 
mits and does Homage to K. 
AVilliam 88. a great wind in 
his time ibid, he builds West- 
minster Hall 88, 89. goes 
to Wales, and subdues the 
Welsh ibid, and lays out much 
money upon the Tower of 
London 89. his brother Ro- 
bert takes leave of him, and 
g/)es to Normandy ibid. This 
K. William is a very covetous 
ill man ibid, assists such Scots 
as stood to their rightfull 
King Dunkan 90. for which 
the said Scots do him ho- 
mage, and promise to hold 
of England for the future 
ibid, but the rest stick to 
Dufnald, slay Dunkan, and 
shake off" William's power 91. 
the difference between K. 
William and Robert Mou- 
l)ray ibid. K. William goes 
again to Wales, and makes 
a terrible slaughter there ibid. 
goes to York ibid, and assists 
Edgar Son of Malcolm in 
gaining the Crown of Scot, 



land, for which Homage is 
done by Edgar, and future 
Allegiance promised to Wil- 
liam and his Heirs ibid. K. 
William's ingratitude ibid, he 
makes the New Poorest near 
Winchester as some say, tho' 
others say it was Windsor 
Forest 92, 93. he is slain by 
Walter Tyrrel 93. and is bu- 
ried at Winchester tho' some 
say at Westminster ibid, and 
94. his dream before his 
death 93. which he reveals 
to Ode Bishop of Winche- 
ster, who advises him there- 
upon 94 

William K. of Jerusalem 140, 

William K. of Scots taken pri- 
soner 132. does homage to 
K. Richard I. 137, 138. the 
Articles upon that occasion 

138. as likewise afterwards 
upon account of a breach 

139. he does homage at 
Canterbury to the said K. 
Richard 145. an agreement 
between the two Kings what 
was to be done for the future 
in that case 146. William K. 
of Scotland does Homage to 
John King of England 208. 

his Daughter espoused to the 

Earlof BoloyQ210 
Wilton 39, 121 

Winchester 10, 19, 20, 21, 26, 

28, 34, 42, 56, 57, 82, 93. A 

castle built at Winchester 96 
Windsor Forest 92, 93 

Windsore (Miles) 595 

Withes 361 

Wolcombes Downe 366 

WoUerton (Robert of) 223 

Wolsey 550, 642, 685. his death 

Wood (Anth. a) 666, 667, 

Wren (Bishop) 535 

Wrington 349, 362, 364, 386 
Wyatt the elder (Sir Thomas) 

Wykemarshe 369 

Wyndforde 370 

Wynne a nun at Sempyngham 

Wynscombe 364 

Wynterborne 376 

Wyrrall 344, 345 

York 75. siege there 76. The 
abbey of St. Marie's at York 
built 81. Parliament at York 

Printed by Mercier and Chervet, 
No. 32, Little Bartholomew<Close, London^ 

The following Additions and Corrections to Peter 
Langtoft's Chronicle were appended ht/ Hearne to 
three of his later Publications. 

*' Pag. 423. 1. ult. Reversion] So 'tis in the MS. 
But it sbould be rather, Revival or Revivor. P. 476. 
1. 8. Down the ships] For down to the ships. P. 478. 
1. 11. Burneing] Potius, hrenning. P. 489. 1. antepenult. 
Kingsmead may be added. P. 490. not. 3. antea fuerint : 
Ovid. Met. lib. 1"^°. P. 501. 1. 12. Chase:] for chief. 
P. 514. 1. 23. Noscuntur,] L. nascuntur.'' 

Johannis Cenfratris Sf Monachi Glastoniensis Chronica, 
2 vol. 8°. Oxon. 1726. 

*' N. B. In pag. 248. of this Work is a short account 
ef the taking of Aeon or Acres from the Christians by 
the Saracens in the year 1292, upon occasion of which 
I shall here beg leave to publish a Letter of Soldon Em- 
perour of the Turks directed to a Christian King, as it 
was transcribed and sent to me from the Register of 
John de Pontissera Bishop of Winchester by my learned 
friend the Reverend Mr. Richard Furney, Archdeacon 
of Surrey. 'Tis a Curiosity, and as it pleased me, so 
I believe it may not be displeasing to curious Readers. 

« E Registro Johannis de Pontissera Episcopi Winton. 
Fol. 122. 

" Tenor Literarum Soldani^ translatarum in Latinum^ 
" director um cuidam Regi Christiano, et postmodum ad 
*' Romanam Curiam, talis est : 

* Nos Soldanus Malet, magnus dominus, sapiens, rec- 

* tus, fortis, potens, sollicitus, bonus seculo et fidei Sol- 

* danus Saracenorum perfectorum, salvandorum visitator, 

* juris faciens justitiam oppressis, de opprimentibus 
' ffidificator dominationis, Soldanus Arabura, Turcorura, 

Persarum, conquisUor Terrarum et provinciarura de- 
bellator, victor cxercituum Francorum, Armeniorum et 
Tartaroriim, Rex et dominator in gemino et geminis 
maris, Dominus duarum adorationunij scilicet Orientis 
et Meridiei, Servus duarum grandium domorum Meche 
et Jerusalem, Dominus Regum & Soldanorum, Parti- 
cipatio Amiralii fidelium, filins Soldani Malet Monso- 
riensis fidei talaon Salachii, In Nomine Dei Misericordis 
Nobili et honorabili sapienti Leoni Haiconi de Stirpe 
Christi, gloria nationis crucis, lumen sequetitium Ihesumj 
amicum Regum et Soldanorum faciat te Deus qui pro- 
videt de futuris in prffiterilis et pr.-esentibus per ex- 
emplum, et uniat te cum obedientibus private et mani- 
teste, qui recepit in propria persona cum palientia tri- 
bulationem emergentem supra suam nationem, ex quo 
viam invenire non potuit resistendi, facimus vobis 
notum, quod Civitatem Aconen : quae erat sedes fidei 
crucis, conquisivimus, earn in tam paucis diebus obse- 
dimus, quod milites cum omni sua potentia earn de- 
fendere non valebant, nee resistcre multitudini exercitus 
obsidentis, et cum sustinere nequiverunt propter mul- 
titudinem occisorum, quanlumcunque norainati essent 
et landati milites, una brevi Iiora diei omncs a nobis 
ferrati fuerunt et compediti. Omnes Milites Hospital : 
noster consumpsit vibrans ensis. Templarii Civitatem 
Aconen : prodiderunt et fratres terrani perdere dubi- 
tantes, set nee sic ruinae eventum evaserunt. Consump- 
to totaliter Hospital! Alamanorum, Ecclesias omnes ter- 
ras coacquavimus, super altaribus trucidatis qui popu- 
lum ad obedientiam ipsorum inducebant : Patriarcha 
finali supplicio liberato, copiam aurorum credere non 
possetis qui ad manus hominum devenerunt. Tanta 
fuit Dominarum multitudo, quod una pro drag- 
ma vendebatur. Civitate conversa in agriculturam et 
desertum, Illius civitatis notorius est conqucstus, et ex 
prassentium literariim nostrarum exhibitione scire pote- 
ritis, quomodo niortuorum corpora balistariis coagquan- 
tur, ignem supponentes mortuorum corponbus in pul- 
verem sunt redacta. Ex armamentis fieri fecimus com- 
pedes pro pedibus. Qui vivi nobiscum remanscrunt 
Comites et Barones, qui signa super eorum capita por- 
tare consueverant, ligatis pedibus et manibus nostris 
carceribus mancipantur. Et tu Rex si teipsum castiga- 
veris per hujus rei eventura, qui super civitatem Aeon 

per nos subito & potenter evenit, salvus eris ; quod sL 
non feceris, super te dicetur quod dicitur, super eis 
peribis tu et terra tua, sicut ipsi per ensem nostrum Et si coghoveris eventum corum quae acci- 
derunt, erit tibi ad profectum, et venias personaliter 
cum cioiiis tuis et tributo duorum annorum ad altitudi- 
nem portarum nostrarum, sicut homo qui vult salutem 
persona; proprias et terrre sure, et qui vtUt subterfiigere 
robur potentiae tanti regis, et dicere poleris, quod post 
dcs lationem Aeon talis victor, sicut nos su iius, non 
reraansit. Idcirco cogita de teipso, & cito labora ante- 
quani in Muscipulam nostram cadas.' 

Adami de Domerham Hisioria de Rebus Gestis Glaston, 
2 vol. 8°. Oxon. 172T. 

" N. B. In p. 615. of my Glossary to this Work, 
J have taken notice of lying Bale's Book about Sir John 
Oldecastefl, which being printed after a very particular 
manner in the black Letter [agreeable to the black Cha- 
racter of its Author) by Anthony Scoloker and Wyllyam 
Seres^ hath oeeasion'd some, that are curious after Books 
printed in the black Letter, to give great Bates for it, 
otherwise 'tis but a Trifle, and is taken into John Fox^s 
Acts and Blonuments, particularly into the first Edition 
thereof, p. 261. col. fl." 

Historia Vitec et Regni Ricardi II. AngUcE Regis, 
8vo. Oxon. 1729, 

To these may he added two or three Notes from the 
copy of Peter Langtofts Chronicle foinnerly belong- 
ing to John Loveday Esqr. of Caversham near 
Beading : a friend and contemporary of Hearrw. 

" Pref. p. xliii. Gidding] See Papers relating to the 
Protestant Nunnery of Little Gidding ; and some Histo- 
rical Notes about the Ferrars, particularly Mr. Nich. 
Ferrar, at tlic end of Caii Vindiciae Antiq. Acad. Oxon. 

p. clxii. Mi\ Theodore Hank.'] Haak, v. Birch's 
Life of R. Boyle, p. 53. Ath. Ox. II. 845. 

P. 343. The Certificat of Richard Pollard and Thomas 
Mojle.] Publish'd from the Copy of the Original in the 
hands of Mr. Gray of Colchester. See the Apparatus to 
Caij Vindiciae Antiq. Acad. Oxon. p. xcvii. 

P. 533. 1. 13. 2uod (the same with quoth).'] Hearne 
saw the following inscription over the door of the par- 
sonage house at Chewstoke in Somersetshire in 1729. 

" A diTo factu est Istud quod Barry in anno dni 1529." 

■ note. For Britannia L. Britannicce. 

P. 538. notes. L. 28.40. 113. 

P. 645. A hrefe Chronycle &c.] It was republished 
at London by Mr. Blackbourne, in 1729, with an Ap- 

P. 670. 1. 11. imdarne.] Dr. Hickes gives another very 
expressive proof of what we contend for, in his MSS. Addi- 
tions to Soraner's Saxon Dictionary, in the Earl of Ox- 
ford's Library. The words are Unbejimj- bajej- ]?pibbe tib. 
Cod. MS. Can. et Const. Eccl. in Rubrica de Officiis, 
Cap. 28. See the Glossary to Urry's Chaucer, the 
author of which nevertheless says that it is still us'd as 
the Afternoon^ the Evening, in some parts of England, 
and may be so understood in Chaucer." 

For the permission to transcribe these last 
Notes the Editor is indebted to ■ Loveday, 

Esq. of Williamscot, in Oxfordshire, through 
the medium of Mr. Archdeacon Churton.