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♦ » 







O F 




^bt T E M P E S T. 

A Midsummer-Night's Dream. 

!?2f T^i^o Gentleme N ^Verona* 
^be Merry Wives o/" Windsor, 
Measure for Measure. 


Z O N D O N: 

Printed fo? 7. and P. Knapton^ S. Biru T. Legman and 
T. Shew<U^ H, Lintot, C. Hitchy J, Brindley, J, and JC. 7<w. 
fin and S, Draprr^ R, WtiUngim, E, NtWj and B. Dad. 



£ R R A T A, 

fAg* *„% M ulc 'V would catch ttfid would t catch, p. loj. L £> 
y^i' thil rrtrf hi" ^.■. 465. 1. 1. jfflr gords rrdrf gofd. p. jjfi^ t. a|-/f** 
vrofd rrdi words, p. 441* J. j6. y«r with rwi wJIb'd, 


T O 


O F 


NEAR Bath. 


DDRESSES of this Nature 

have been long the cuftomary 

Tribute of Letters to fuperior 

Merit: And tho' Flattery 

may have thrown them into Difrepute 

yet this concludes no more againft the 

Continuance of honeft Praiie^ than Hy- 

Vol, I. A 2 pocrify 




pocrify docs againft the Praftice of Re- 
ligion. But Adulation no fooncr began 
to belye its Subject, than it perverted 
the very Purpofe of its Application ; 
while, amongft its many artful tra- 
verfes, it would now beg Protedion for 
the Book; and, now again, conftitute 
the Patron the Ibvereign Judge of its 

In this Light, Madam, you might 
reafonably wonder to fee a Colleftion 
of Plays dedicated to one who reads 
few Books befides tliofe of Piety and 
Moral ; and will think, the Addrcfs 
might have been made with fomewhat 
lefs Impropriety even to a Bifhop. This 
is true : but, as I faid, this literary Con- 
nexion is not, of right, between the 
Patron and the Work ; but between 
him and the Author, Who, to carry 
on his Commerce with a good Con- 
fcience, muft therefore fearch narrowly 
for a Subjed which will not ^iftionour 



Letters, while he is giving that to Me-^ 
rit, which only Letters can beftow. But 
I need not be afham'd to iky, that the 
Knowledge of you, has, at the fame 
time> abridged my Labour, and re^ 
Warded the Integrity of my Purpofe. 
For if Friendfhip, Generolityj and the 
Benevolence of Charity, added to every 
female Virtue that moft adorns your 
Sex, demand this Acknowledgmentj it 
would be hard to find where it fhould 
be earlier paid, or to whom, in fullei* 
Meafiircj returned. 

If any now fhould affeA to ask. 
What Stranger this is, of whom fo much 
is faid ? Let him know, that this his 
Ignorance is your fupreme Praife; whofe 
Matron-modefty of Virtue declines all 
Notice, but where the Influence of your 
domeftic Character extends. If, haply, 
you have any further Ambition, it is 
only this, the being known to confli- 
tute the domeftic Happinefs of a Man 
A 3 who 


who does Honour to human Nat 

The mention of whofe Relation to you, 
reminds me of my own Happinefs j who 

'^cnjoy fo equal and ib perfect a Share ^ 
^n both your FriendQiips, This too is ^ 

[-my Fame and Reputacion, as well as 
Happinefi j for Ambition would lofe its 
Aim, were I to wifti that any thing of 
me, or minej fhould laft longer than 
the Memory of that Friendfliip. I am, 



Thur moji obliged 

and mojl faithful Servani^ 

W. WaRburton* 




IT hath been no unufual thing for Writert,^ 
when diffatisfied with the Patronage orjudg* 
mcnt of their own Times, to appeal to Pofle- 
rity for a fair Hearing. Some have even thought 
fit to apply to it in the firft Inftance ; and ta 
decline Acquaintance with tlie Public till Envy 
and Prejudice had quite fubfidcd. But, of all 
the Trufters to Futurity, commend me to the 
Author of tlie following Poems, who not only 
left it to Time to do him Juflice as it would, 
but to find him out as it could. For^ what be- 
tween too great Attention to his Profit as a Player, 
and too little to his Reputation as a Poet, his 
Works, left to the Care of Door-keepers and 
Prompters, hardly efcaped the common Fate of 
ihofe Writings, how good foever, wliich are 
abandoned to their own Fortune, and unpro- 
tefted by Party or Cabal. At length, indeed, they 
ftnigglcd into Light \ but fo difguifed and tra- 
vefled, that no clafTic Author, after having run ten 
fecular Stages thro' the blind Cloifters of Monks 
and Canons, ever came out in half fo maimed 
and mangled a Condition* But for a full Ac- 
count of his DiforderSj I refer the Reader to tb« 
excellent Difcourfe which follows, and turn my-^ 
felf to confider die Remedies that have been ap* 
plied to them. 

A 4 SbiikeJPfar^% 


Sbakefpear^ Works, when they clcapcd the 
Pkyers, did not fall into much better Hands 
when they came amongll Printers and Book- 
fcUers : who, to iay the Truth, had, at firft, bat 
Cnall Encouragement for putting him into a better 
Condidon. The ftubborn Nonfenfe, with which 
lie was incruftcd^ occafioned his lying long neg- 
Jefted amongtl the common Lumber of the 
Stage. And when that refiftlefs Splendor, 
which now (hoots all around him, had, by de- 
grees, broke thro' the Shell of thofe Impurities, 
hi? dazzled Admirers became as fuddenly infen- 
iiblc to the extraneous Scurf that ftill ftuck upon 
him, as they had been before to the native Beau- 
ties that lay under it. So that, as then, he was 
thought not to defcrve a Cure, he was now fup- 
pofed not to need any. 

His growing Eminence^ however, required 
that be Ihould be ufed with Ceremony: And 
he foon had his Appointment, of an Editor in 
foftm. But the Baokfcller, whofe dealing vras 
with Wits, having learnt of them, I know not 
what filly Maxim, that none but a Poet jhouUprc- 
fume to meddle with a Poet^ engaged the inge- 
nious Mr, Row€ to undertake this Employment. 
A Wit indeed he was; but fo utterly nnacqaaint- 
cd with the whole Bufmefs of Criticilin, that he 
did not even collate or confult the hrft Editions 
of the Work he undertook to publifli ; but con- 
tented himfelf with giving us a meagre Account 
of the Author's Life, interlarded with fome com- 
mon-place Scraps from his Writing?. The 
Truth is, Stakefpejri Condition was yet but ill 



undcrftood. The Nonfenfe, now, by confent, 
received for his own, was held in a kind of Reve- 
rence for its Age and Author : and thus it con- 
tinued, till another great Poft broke the Charm ; 
by rtiewlng us, that the higher we went, the 
Ids of it was ftil! to be fourid. 

For the Proprietors, not dircouraged by their 
firft unfucceGfal Effort, in due time, made a 
fecond ; and, tho* they ftill ftuck to their Poets, 
with infinitely more Succefs in their Choice of 
Mr. Pope, Who by the mere force of an un- 
common Genius, without any particular Study 
or ProfcfTion of this Art, difcharged the great 
Parts of it fo well as to make his Edition the bert: 
Foundation for all ftirther Improvements. He 
Separated the genuine from the fpurious Plays : 
AnA wich equal Judgment, tho' not always with 
the feme Succefs, attempted to clear tlie genuine 
Plays from the interpolated Scenes : He then 
coniulted the old Editions ; and, by a careful Col- 
lation of them, rectified the faulty, and fupplicd 
tlic imperfc<!l Reading, in a great number of 
Places : And laftly, in an admirable Prctace, haih 
drawn a general, but very lively. Sketch oi Shake- 
Jp€sr\ poetic Charafter ; and, in the corre^cd 
Text, marked out thofe peculiar Strokes of Ge- 
nius which were moft' proper to fupport and 
niuflrate that Charadter. Thus for Mr. Pope. 
And altho' much more was to be done be- 
fore Shakefpcar could be reftored to himfclf, 
( fuch as amending the coirupted Text where 
the printed Books afford no AffiUance ; ex- 
plaining his licentious Phrafcology and ob- 
icurc Allulions ; and illuflrating the Beauties 


P R E FA C E. 

of his Poetry ;) yet, with great Modcfty and 
Prudence, our illuftrious Editor left this to the 
Critic by ProfelHon. 

But nothing will give the common Reader 
a better Idea of the Value of Mr. Pope*s Edi- 
tioDj than the two Attempts which have been 
fince made, by Mr. Theobald and Sir Thomas 
Hanmer, in Oppofition to it. Who^ altho' 
they concerned tliemfelves only in tlie ^rji of 
thefe three Parts of Criticifin, the rcfloring ihe 
Text^ (without any Conception of the feconJ^ 
or venturing even to touch upon the third) yet 
fucceeded fo very ill in it, that they left their 
Author in ten times a worfc Condition than they 
found him. But^ as it was my ill Fortune to 
have fome accidental Connexions with thefe two 
Gentlemen^ it will be incumbent on me to be 
a little more particular concerning them. 

The One was recommended to me as a poor 
Man J the Other as a poor Critic : and to each 
of them, at different times, I communicated a 
great number of Obfervations, which lliey ma- 
naged^ as they faw fit, to tlie Relief of their fe- 
veral DiftreiTcs. As to Mr, Tbeobaldy who want-^ 
cd Money, I allowed hini to print what I gave 
him for his own Advantage: and he allowed 
himfelf in the Liberty of taking one Part for his 
own, and leqneftering another for the Benefit, as J 
I fuppofed, of fome future Edition. But, as to H 
the Oxford Editor^ who wanted nothing, but i 
what he might veiy well be without, the Re- 
putation of a Critic, I could not fo eafily for- ^ 
give him for trallicking witli my Papers without fl 


my Knowledge ; and, when that Prq}ei5t £iil*d, 
for employing a number of my Conje<Shires in 
his Edition againft my exprefs Defire not to have 
that Honour done unto me. 

Mr. Theobald was naturally turned to Induftiy 
and Labour. What he read he could tranfcribc : 
but, as what he thought, if ever he did think, he 
could but ill enre&, fo he read on ; and, by that 
means got a Character of Learning, without 
rifquing, to every Obferver, the Imputation of 
wanting a better Talent. By a pun<ailious Col- 
lation of the old Books, he correded what was 
manifeiUy wrong in the latter Editions, by what 
was manifeftly right in the earlier. And this is 
his real Merit j and the whole of it For where 
the Phraie was very obfblete or licentious in the 
common Books, or only flightly corrupted in the 
other ^ he wanted fufficient Knowledge of the Pro- 
grefs and various Stages of the Englijb Tongue, 
as well as Acquaintance with the Peculiarity 
of Sbakejpear's Language to underftand what 
was right ; nor had he either common Judg- 
ment to fee, or critical Sagacity to amend, wlut 
was manifeftly faulty. Hence he generally ex- 
erts his conjeftural Talent in the wrong Place: 
He tampers with what is found in the com^ 
mon Books ; and, in the old oneSy omits all Notice 
of Variations the Senfe of which he did not un- 

How the Oxford Editor came to think him- 
&tf qualified for this Office, from which his whole 
Courfe of Life had been fo remote, is ftill more 
difficult to conceive. For whatever Parts he 
might have either of Genius or Erudition, he 




was abfolutely ignorant nf the Art of Criticifm, 
as well as of the Poetry of that Time, and the 
Language of his Author, And fo far from a 
Thought of examining ^^ firft Editions, that 
he even negleftcd to compare Mr. Pope's^ from 
which he printed his own, with Mr. Theobald* 1 1 
whereby he loft the Advantage of many fine 
Lines which the other had recovered from 
the old Quartos. Where he trufts to his own 
Sagacity, in what affecfts the Senfe, his Conjec- 
tures are generally abfurd and extravagant, and 
violating every Rule of Criticifm, Tho\ in this 
Rage of Correi£ting, he was not abfolutely dcfti- 
tute of all Art. For, having a number of my 
Conje^urcs before himj he took as many of them 
as he faw fitj to work upon; and by changing 
them to fomething, he thought, fynonimous or 
fimilar, he made them his own ; and fo became 
a Critic at a cheap Expencc. But how well he hath 
fuccceded in this, as like wife in his Conjedtures 
which are properly his own, will be fcen in the 
courfe of my Remarks: Tho', as he hach de- 
clined to give the Reafons for his Interpolations, - 
he hath not afforded nie fo fair u hold of him as Mr. fl 
Theobald hath done, who was lefs cautious. But ™ 
his principal Objcft was to reform his Author's 
Numbers j and tliis, which he hath done, on 
every Occafion> by the Infertion or OmiiTion 
of a fct of harmlefs unconccrning Expletives, 
makes up the grofs Body of his innocent Correc- 
tions* And fo, in fpite of that extreme Negligence 
in Numbers, which diflinguUhes the firft Dra- 
matic Writers, he hath tricked up the old Bard, 


P R E F/i C E. 

from Head lo FooCj in all the finical Exaftnefs of 
a modern Meafurer of Syllables. 

For the reft, all the Corredlions which thefe two 
Editors have made on any reafonable Foundation, 
arc iierc admitted into the Text ; and carefully 
affigned to their refpe<^ive Authors* A piece of 

CJuftice which tlie Oxford Editor never did ; and 
^hich thtOthtr was not always fcrupulous in ob- 
fcrving towards me. To conclude with them in 
^ word, They ieparately poflefled thofe two Qua- 
lities wliich, more dian any other, have contri- 
buted to bring the Art of Criticifin into dif- 
rcpute, Dulneft cf jippreherifony and Extrava^ 
gance ofCk^njeSure, 

I am now to give fome Account of the prefent 
Undei taking. For ;is to alt thofe Things, which 
Jiave been publiflied under tlie tides of Effays^ 
RtmarkSf Obferv/ztionSt &c. on Shaketpearj (if 
you except fome criucal Notes on Macbefby given 
a Specimen of a projected Edition, and writ- 
ten, as appears, by a Man of Farts and Genius) 
the fell are abfolutcly below a ferious Notice* 

The whole a Critic can do for an Author 
who deferves his Service, is to correct the 
EiukyTcxt; to remark the Peculiarities of Lan» 
guagc; to iiluftrate the obfcure Allufions ; and to 
explain the Beauties and Defers of Sentiment or 
Compofition. And furely, if ever Author had a 
Claim to this Service, it was our Shake/pear : Who, 
widely excelling in the Knowledge of Jiuman 
Nature, hath given to his infinitely varied Pic- 
tures of it, fuch Truth of Dcfig^n, fuch Force of 
Drawing, fuch Beauty of Colouring, as was hardly 




ever equalled by any Writer, whether his Ah 
was ihe UlCj or only the Entertainment of Man 
kind. The Notes in this Edition, therefore 
take in the whole Compafs of Criticifm. 

I. The firil: Ibrt is employed in rdloring thi 
Poet*s genuine Text j but in thofe Places onl 
where it labours vnth inextricable Nonfenfe. In 
which, how much foever I may have given 
Scope to critical ConjefturCj where the old Copies 
filled me, 1 have indulged nothing to Fancy or 
Imagination ; hut have rcligioufly obferved the 
levere Canons of literal Criticifm ; as may be (ccrx 
from the RcLifons accompanying every Alteration 
of the common Text* Nor would a different 
Condudt have become a Critic^ whofe greateft 
Attention, in this part, was to vindicate the cfta- 
bliflied Reading from Interpolations occafioncd by 
the fanciful Extravagancies of others, I once in- 
tended to have given the Render a body of Canons^ 
asconccrn tlie Art in general, as thofe thatarife from 
the Nature and Circumftances of our Author's 
Works in particular. And this for two Rcafons. 
Firftj Togivc \hc unlearned ReaJcrzyn^ Idea, and 
confcquently a better Opinion of the ArtofCri* 
ticifm, now funk very low in the popular Ef^cem, 
by the Attempts of fome who would needs excr- 
cife it without cither natural or acquired Talents; 
and by the ill Siicccfs of others, who fcemcd to 
have loft both, when they came to try them upon 
Engliih Authors. Secondly, To deter the //;;- 
Uarncd 14'rker from wantonly triflini^ with an 
Art he is a Stranger to^ at the Expcnce of his 





own Reputation, and the Integrity of the Text 
of eftabhJhed Authors. But thefe Ufes may be 
well fupplied by what is occafionally faid upon 
the Subjedj in the Courfe of the following 

IL The fecond fort of Notes confifts in an 
Explanation of the Author's Meaning, when, by 
one, or more of tliefe Caufesj it becomes ob- 
fcure ; cither from a Ikentiom Ufe of 7ermi ; or 
a bard or ungrammatical ConftruStion ; or laftly, 
from far-fetched or quaint Allufiom^ 

I . This licentious \Jk of Words is almoft pe- 
culiar to tJic Language of Sbakejpear, To com- 
mon Terms he hath aflixed Meanings of his 
own, unauthofifcd by Ufe, and not to be jufti- 
fied by Analogy, And this Liberty he hath taken 
with the nobleft Parts of Speech, fuch as Mixed' 
modes J which, as they are moft fufceptible of 
Abuft, fo their Abufe moft hurts the Clearncft 
of the Difcourfe, The Critics (to whom Shake* 
fear's Licence was (till as much a Secret as his 
Meaning, which that Licence had obfcured) fell 

Einto two contrary Miftakes ; but equally injurious 
to his Reputation and his Writings. For fomc 
of them obferving a Darknefs, that pervaded his 
whole Exprefilon, have cenfured him for Confu- 
^on of ideas and Inaccuracy of reafoning. In the 
Neighing ofaHorfe^ (fays Rymer) orin tbeGrrrwU 
ingofa Mafiiff there is a Meanings there is a live" 
Jff ExpreJJion^ and^ may Ifiy^ tnore Humanity than 
many times in the tragical Flights of Shakcfpear. 
The Ignorance of which Cenfure is of a piece 
with its Brutality. ThcTruili is, no one thocght 



clearer, or argued more clofcly than this immor- 
tal Bard, But his Superiority of Genius leis 
needing the Intervention of Words in the A6lof 
Thinking, when he came to draw out his Con- 
templations intoDifcourfCj he took up (as he \^s 
hurried on by the Torrent of his Matter) with 
the firft Words thai by in his way ; and if, 
amonglV thefe, there were two Mixed-modes that 
had but a principal Idea in common, it was 
enough for him ^ he regarded tliem as iynoni* 
mou^, and would ufethe one for the other with- 
out Fear or Scruplc,^^— Ajrain, there have been 
others, fuch as the two lalt Editors, who have 
fallen into a contrary Extreme ; and regarded 
Shahfpear*% Pix\om2\i^ (as we may call them) 
amongft the Corruptions of his Text \ which, 
therefore, they have calhiered Li great numbers, 
to make room for a Jargon of their own. This 
hath put me to additional Trouble j fi>r I had 
not only tlieir Interpolations to throw out again, 
but the genuine Text to replace, and eftablilli in 
its ftcadj which, in many Cafes, could not be 
done without (hewing the peculiar Senfe of the 
Terms, and explaining the Caufes which led the 
Poet to fo pcrverfe an ufe of them. I had It 
once, indeed, in my Defign, to give a general 
alphabetic Ghffary of thefc Terms ^ but as each 
of them is explained in its proper Place, there 
feemed the lefs Occafion for fuch an Index, 

2. The Poet's hard and unnatural Conftnjc- 
tion had a different Original, This was the Ef-p. 
fed of miftaken Art and Defign. The Public 
TaAc was in its Infancy; and delighted, (as it 



's docs (luring that Stne) in the high and 
imt^ki : which leads the Writer to difguife a vul- 

Kcxprellion with Iiard and forc::d conftnic- 
, whereby the fentencc frequently becomes 
cloudy and dark. Here^ his Critics fliew 
their modcfty, and leave him to himfelf. For 
the arbitrary change of a Word doth little to- 
wards difpelling an obfcuriiy that arlfeth^ not from 
the licentious ule of a Tingle Term, but from the 
unnatural arraiij;cment of a whole Sentence. 
^Ad they rifqued nothing by their fdence. For 
Bfcjti'j^ftfr was too clear in Fame to be fufpeded 
of a want of Meaning; and too high in Fafliion 
^^any one to own he needed a Critic to find it 
^L Not but, in hi^ beft works, we ran ft al- 
^v, lie i^ often fo natural and flowing, (b pure 
Hi corredy tliat he is even a model for Aile and 

^^. As to his far-fetched and quaint Altufions, 
H^c ^^^ often a cover to common thoughts ^ juft 
a$ his hard conflruilion is to common cxpref- 
fion» When they are not fo, the explanation 

tthem has diis further advantage, that, in clear- 
[ the Obfcurity, you frequently difcover fomc 
tnt conceit not unworthy of his Genius. 
[II, The third and laft fort of Notes is con- 
ned in a critical explanation of the Author's 
Beauties and DefctSs; but chiefly of his Beauties, 
whether in Stile^ Tliought, Sentiment^ Chara^iler 
or Compofuion. An odd linmour of finding 
£uilt hath long prevailed amongft the Critics ; 
Hif nothing were worth remarking that did 
^VoL. L a not, 


xviii PREFACE. 

I ^ not, at the fame timej deferve to be reproved,^ 

BhA Whereas the public Judgment hath lefs need t< 

^^^1 be aOifled in what it (hall reject, than in whi 

^^^H it ought to prize ; Men being generally moi 

^^^H ready at Tpying Faults than in difcovering Bcai 

^^^H ties. Nor is tlie value they fet tipon a Work, 

^^^H certain proof that they undcrrtand it. For 'tis evei 

^^^1 feen, that half a dozen Voices of credit give th< 

^^^1 lead : And if the Publick diance to be in gt 

^ humour, or the Author much in their fevouri 

^H the People are fure to follow, Her.ce it is th: 

^^^^ the true Critic hath fo frequently attached himfell 

^^^1 to Works of eftabliflied reputation ; not to teacl 

^^^H the World to admircy which, in thofe circuni- 

^^^" ilances, to fay the truth, tlicy are apt enough to dd^ 

^H of thcmfelves J but to teach them now, with rcn^ 

^M fin to admire: No cafy matters I will aflure you, 

^H on the fubjefl in queftion : For tho' it be very true, 

^K as Mr. Pope hath obferved, that Shake/pear is the 

^H fairejl andfullejl fubjeEl for criticifm^ yet it is not 

^H iiich a fort of cricicifm as may be raifed mccha^H 

^H nically on the Rules which Dacier^ Rapin znA^ 

^H Bojfu have colJedted from Ajitiquity j and of 

^H which, fuch kind of Writers as Rymer^ Gildon^ 

^H Dennis and Oidmixon^ have only gathered and 

^H chewed the Husks : nor on the other hand is it 

^^^^ to be formed on the Plan of thofe crude and fu- 

^^^l perficial Judgments, on books and things, with 

^^^^ which a certain celebrated Paper fo much abounds 

^H too good indeed to be named with the Writers lal 

^B mentioned, but being unluckily midaken for 

^B Mffdcl^ becaufe it was an Original, it hath given 
^^^K rtie 




rife to a deluge 6f the worft fort of critical Jar- 
gon ; I mean that which looks moft like fenfe. 
But the kind of criticifm here required is fuch as 
judgeth our Author by thofe only Laws and 
Principles on which he wrote, Nature, and 

Our Obfervations, therefore, being thus ex- 
tenfive, will, I prefume, enable the Reader to 
form a right judgment of this fevourite Poet, 
without drawing out his Charadter, as was once 
intended, in a continued diicourfe. 

Thcfe, fuch as they are, were amongft my 
younger amufements, when, many years ago, I 
ufed to turn over thefe fort of Writers to unbend 
tnyfelf from more ferious applications : And what, 
certainly, the Public, at this time of day, had ne- 
ver been troubled with, but for the condudl of the 
two lad Editors, and the perfuaiions of dear 
Mr. Po p E J whofe memory and name. 

Sender b&ttoratum (fie Divokifiis) bahebo* 

He was defirous I ihould give a new Edition 
of this Poet, as he thought it might contribute 
to put a flop to a prevailing folly of altering the 
Text of celebrated Authors without Talents or 
Judgment. And he was willing that his Edition 
(hould be melted down into miney as it would, he 
laid, afford him (fo great is the modefly of aa 
ingenuous temper ) a fit opportunity of con- 
feuing his Millakcs *. In memory of our 

* See his Letters to me, 

a 2 Friend* 


Friend/hip, I have, tliercfore, made it our joii 

^^ Edition. His admirable Prefece is here added 

^B all his Notes are given, with his name annexed 

^H the Scenes are divided according to his reguk 

^H tion ; and ihc moft beautiful palTages diAi 

^V . guifhcd, as in his book, with inverted comm^ 

W In imitation of him, I feave done the fame by 

I many others as I thought mod defcrving of tl 

I Reader's attention, and have marked them wii 

■ double commas* 

I If J from all this, Shake/pear or good Lettei 

^^ have received any advantage, and the Publii 

^^ any benefit, or entertainment, the thanks ai 

■ due to the Proprietors^ who have been at the 
I cxpence of procuring this Edition. And I 
I fliould be unjuft to feveral deferving Men of a 
I reputable and ufeful ProfelTion, if 1 did notj on 

■ this occafion, acknowledge the fair dealing I have 
I always found amongft them j and profefs my 
I fenfeofthe unjaft Prejudice which lies againft 
I them ; whereby they have been, hitherto, un- 
I able to procure that fecurlty for their Property, 
I wliich they fee, the reft of their Fellow-Citizens 

■ enjoy. A prejudice in part arifing from the fre- 
K c^utnt Piracies^ ( as they are called) committed 
B by Members of their own Body. But fuch kJn(^| 

■ of Members no Body Is without. And it woul<^^ 
I be hard that this Hiould be turned to the 

I difcredit of the honefl: part of the ProfefTion, 

I who fufFer more from ilich Injuries than any 

■ other men. It hath, in part too, urifen fron^^ 
^^ the clamours of profi!g:nc Scriblcrs, ever rcadyj^ 
^B for 


a piece of Money, to proftitute their bad 
for or againft any Caufe prophane or fi- 

ed ; or in any Scandal public or private : 

hcfc meeting with little encouragement from 

of account in the Trade, ( who even in 

enlightened Age are not the very worft 

udgcs or Rcwarders of merit ) apply them- 

Ives to People of Condition j and fupport 
their importunities by falfe complaints agaiaft 


But 1 fhould now, perhaps, rather think of 
my own Apology, tnan bufy myfelf in the 
defence of others. I Hiall have fome Tartuffe 
ready, on the firft appearance of this Edition, 
to call out again, and tell me, that I fuffer /wy- 
feif to U 'wholly diverted from my purpofe h^ thefi 
matters lejs fidtable to my clerical Profeffion. 
** Well, but, (ays a Friend, why not take fb 
** candid an intimation in good part? VVith- 
•* draw yourfelf, again* as you arc bid, into the 
•' clerical Pale ; examine the Records of facred 
" and prophane Antiquity ; and, on them, ereft 
** a Work to the confufion of Lifidelity, " 
Why, I have done all this, and more : And 
bear now what the fame Men have faid to 
it. They tell me, / have wrote to the nvrmg 
and injury of Religion ^ and furnl-Pjcd out more 
bandies for Unbelievers, ** Oh now the fecrct's 
** out ; and you may have your pardon, I find, 
** upon eafier terms. 'Tis only, to write no 

" more," Good Gentlemen ! and fliall I 

pot oblige tlicm ? They would gladly obJfruB 

a 3 my 

xxii PRE FA C E. 

my way to tJiofe things which every Man, 
who endeavours well in his ProfelHon^ niul 
needs think he his fome claim to, when h( 
fees them given to thofe who never did enJea* 
%)Ouri at the fame time that they would iIt*Ui 
me from taking thofe advantages which Lettei 
enable me to procure for niylelf If then 
am to write no rnore j (tho* as much out 
my Profeffion as they may pleafe to repr( 
fent this Workj I fufpcft their modefty wouli 
not infift on a fcrutiny of our feveral applica- 
tions of this prophane profit and tlielr pure] 
gains) if> I lay, I am to write no more, let trn 
at leaft give die Publicj who have a better pre- 
tence to demand it of me, fome reafon for my i 
prefenting them with thefe amufements. Which, 
if I am not much miftaken, may be excufed 
by the beft and faireft Examples ; and, what 
is more, may be juilified oa die furer reafon^ 
pf things. .■ 

The great Saint ChRysostom, a name 
confecrated to immortality by his Virtue and Elo- 
qucncCj is known to have been fo fond of Arijlo^ i 
pbanes as to wake with him at his ftudies, I 
and to fleep with him under his pillow : and I 
I never heard that this was objected either to his 
Piety or his Preachings not even in thofc times i 
of pure Zeal and primitive Religion. Ycr,H 
i/i refpeft of Shakejpear's great fenfe, jffijlo- " 
fbams's beft wit is but buifoonry > and, in 
compaiifon of AriJiopbanes\ Freedoms, Sbake^ 



Jptar writes with the purity of a Veftal. But 
they will <ay, St. Chryjoftom contradted a fond- 
nefs for the comic Voct for the fakt of bh Greek. 
To thisj indeed, I have nothing to reply. Far 
.be It from me to infinuate fo unfchoJarlike a 
thing, as if We had the feme Ufe for good 
Eftglijb that a Greek had for his J!tt:c ele- 
gance. Clitic Ktifter^ in a tafte and language 
peculiar toGrammariansof a certain order, hath 
decreed, that the Htjlory and Chronology of 
Greek fVords is the mo/l SOLID entertain-' 
tnent of a Man of Letters. 

I fly, then, to a higher Example, much 
j>earer home, and ftill more in point, The fa- 
lous Univerfity of O x f o R D* This illuflrious 
ly, which hath long fo juRly held, and, 
with fuch equity, difpenfed, the chief honours 
of the learned World, thought good Letters 
fo much interefted In corre<5t Editions of the 
beft Bnglijh Writers, that they, very lately, 
in their public Capacity, undertook Ofje^ of this 
very Author, by fubfcription. And if the Editor 
hath not dilcharged his Task with fuitable abi* 
lilies for one fo much honoured by them, this 
was not their fault but his, who thruft him- 
fdf into the employment. After fuch an Ex- 
ample, it would be weakening any defence to 
leek further for Authorities. All that can be 
now decently urged is the reajott of the t}?ing% 
and this 1 fl^all do, more for the fake oi that 
truly venerable Body than my own. 

a 4 


mv PRE F A C E. 

Of all the ISterary cxercitations of fpeculacivc 
Mcn> whether defigned for the ufe or entertain- 
tnent of the World, there arc none of (o much 
importance, or what are more otir immediate 
concern, than thofe which let us into the know* 
ledge of our Nature. Others may excrcile the 
Reafon or amufe the Imagination; but thefe only 
can improve the Heart, and form the human 
Mind to wifdom. Now, in this Science^ 
our Shakejpear is confeiTed to occupy the fore* 
mod place; whether wc confidcr the amazing 
fagacity with which he invcftigates every hidden 
Ipring and wheel of human Action ; or his 
happy manner of communicating this know- 
ledge, in the juft and living paintings which he 
has given us of all onr Palfions, Appetites and 
Purfuits. Thefe afford a kiTon which can ne- 
ver be too often repeated, or too conftantly in- 
culcated : And, to engage the Reader's due 
attention to it, hath been one of the principal 
objeds of this Edition. 

As this Science ( whatever profound Pliilofi 
phers may think ) is, to the reft, in Thingi ; fo 
in Wordi^ ( whatever fupcrcilious Pedants may 
talk ) every one's mother tongue is to all oth 
Languages. This hath ftill been the Senti 
ment of Nature and true Wifdom. Hence, ih 
greateft men of Antiquity never thought them 
felves better employed than in cuUivating thei 
own country idiom. So Lycurgm did hono 
to Sparta^ in giving the firll compleat Editio 
of iJomcr j and Ctccro^ to Rome^ in correding 



Kll , 


ihc Worlcs of Lucretius, Nor do wc want Ex- 
|Ampk$ of the fame good fenfc in modern Times, 
;even amidit tfie cruel inrodes tint Art and Fa- 
l^iion have made upon Nature and the fimpli- 
ofWifdom, Meriagfy the greateft name in 
France for all kinds of philologic Learning, prided 
ilumiclf in writing critical Notes on their beft 
flyric Poet, Mtilbcrhf: And our greater jS^-i/f//, 
■when he thought ic might refledt credit on his 
Country, did not difJain even to comment a very 
ordinary Poet, one Michael Dniyton. But the 
E^glsjb tongue, at this Juncture, dcfcrves and 
demands our particular regard. It hadi, by means 
of the many excellent Works of different kinds 
©ompofed in it, engaged the notice, and become 
the ftudy, of almofl every curious and learned 
Foreigner, fo as to be thought even a part of 
literary accomplifhmcnt. This muft needs make 
it delerving of a critical attention : And its being 
yet deftitute of a Teft or Standard to apply to, 
in cafes of doubt or difficulty, iliews how much 
it wants that attention. For we have neither 
Grammar nor Dictionary, neither Qhart 
nor Compafs, to guide us through this wide fca 
of Words* And indeed how fliould we? fmcc 
both are to be compofed and fini(hed on the 
Authority of our beft eftablilhed Writers. But 
iheir Authority can be of little ufe till the Text 
hath been corrcdWy fettled, and the PJirafeology 
critically examined. As, then, by thcfe aids, a 
Grammar and Di£isonar)\ planned upon the beft 
pales of Logic and Pliilofophy, ( and none but 



fuch will dcfcrve the nsmc) arc to be procured i 
the fbrwirdiog of this will be a general coocem : 
For, as ^intilian Gbfervc5, '* Vcrborum pro- 
" frutas ac differentia omnibus, qui femionem 
" cursE habcnt» debet efle communis/' By this 
way, the Italians have brought their tongue 
to a degree of Purity and Stability which no liv- 
ing Language ever attained unto before. It is with 
pleafure lobfcrve, that thefc things now begin to be 
umlerftood ainongft ourfelvcs ; and that 1 can ac- 
quaint thePubbc, we may foon expect very c!eg;ant 
Editions of Fkicber and Milton's Paradife hojl 
from Gendcmen of diilinguifhed Abilities and 
I^eaming. But this interval of good fenfcj as it 
may be ihort, is indeed but new. For I remem- 
ber to have heard of a very learned Man, who, 
not long fince, formed a defign of giving a mors 
corrc^St Edition of Spenfer j and, without doubt, 
would have performed it well; but he was dif- 
fuaded from his purpofc by his Friends, as be- 
neath the dignity of a Profefibr of the occult 
Sciences. Yet thcfe very Friends, I fuppofe, 
would have thought it had added lu/be to 
his high Station, to have ncw-farbifhed out 
feme dull northern Chronicle, or dark Sibyl- 
line itnigma. But let it not be thought that 
what \% here faid infinuates any thing to the 
difcredit of Greek and Latin critlcifin. If the i 
follies of particular Men were fufficient to bring .^ 
any branch of Learning into difrepute, I don't " 
know any that would ftand in a worfe ficuation 
than that for which I now apologize. For I 


PRE FA C E. xxvd 

hardly thiak there ever appeared, in any learned 
Language, fo execrable a heap of nonfenfe, 
under die name of Commentaries, as hath been 
lately given us on a certain fatiric Poet, of the 
|aft ^e, by his Editor and Coadjutor. 

I am fenfible how unjuftly the very beft daj^- 
pal Critics have been treat^. It is faid, that 
our great Philofoi^ier fpoke with much con- 
tempt of the two fineft Scholars of tliis Age, 
Dr, Bentley and Biihop Hare^ for fquabbli^, 
ias he expreiTed it, about an old Play-book ; 
meaning, I fuppofc, Terence's Comedies, But 
this Story is unworthy of him ; tho' well enough 
fuiting the fanatic turn of the wild Writer that 
relates it ; fuch cenfures are amongft the follies 
of men immoderately given over to one Science, 
and ignorantly undervaluing all the reft. Thofe 
{earned Critics might, and perhaps did, laugh 
in their turn, (tho' ftill, furc, with the fame 
indecency and indiicretion) at that incomparable 
Man, for wearing out a long Life in poring 
through a Telefcope. Indeed, xh^ weakneiles of 
Such are to be mentioned with reverence. But 
who can bear, without indignation, the fafhion- 
able cant of every trifling Writer, whofe infi- 
pidity pafles, with himfelf, for politenefs, for 
petending to be fhocked, forfooth, with the 
rude and lavage air of vulgar Critics $ meaning 
fuch as Muretus, Scaliger^ Cajaubon^ Sabmzfius^ 
Spanbeim^ Bentley. When, had it not been 
^if tlje (leathle^ )a|K)iirs of fuch as theie, 


xxviii PREFACE. 

the wcftcm World, at the revival of Let- 
ters, had ibon fain back again into a fiate 
of ignorance and barbarity as deplorable as 
that fi'om which Providence had juft re- 
deemed it. 

To conclude with an obfervation of a fine 
Writer and great Phiiofophcr of our own ; 
which I would gladly bind, tho' with all honour, 
as a Phylaiflery, on the Brow of every awful 
Grammarian, to teach him at once, the VJe^ 
and Z/zW/i of his art : Words are the 
Money of fools, and theCo0n- 
TERs of Wise Men. 


Mj. P O P £'s 


T b not my dcfign to ^rfcr Into a Criti- 
cifm upon tliis Author ; tho' to do it ef- 
ft^hjally and not fuperficiaHy^ would be 
the hcil occafion that any juft Writer 
could take, to form the judgment and 
taflc of our nation. For of all Enghp Poets Shake- 
fpear tr\\}(iht confcffcd to be ihe fairefl and fulleft 
fubjeft for Cricicifm, and to afford the moll nume- 
rous, as well as mod confpicuous inftances, both of 
Beauties and Faults of all ibits. Bac t\\\s far exceeds 
ihc bounds of a Preface, the bufinefs of which is on!y 
to give an account of the fate of his Works^ and the 
difadvantages under which they have been tranfmitted 
to us. We fhall herebjr extenuate many faults which 
are his, and clear him from the imputation of many 
which are not: A defign, which tho* ic can be no 
guide to future Criticks to do him jufticc in one way, 
will at leaft be ftjfTicicnt to prevent their doing him 
an injuftice in the other. 

I cannot however but mention fomc of his principal 
am) diaraftehfhc Excellencies, for which ( notwirh- 
ftanding his dcfcfts ) he is jufljy and univcrfally ele- 



vated above all orhcr Dramarick Writers. Not th 
this is die proper place of praifing him, but bccau 
I would not omit any occafion of doing it* 

If ever any Ainlior dcfcrvcd the name of an Ori 
gsmiy it was Shakejpem\ Hcmrr himfclf drew not hi 
art fo immediacely from the fountains of Nature, it 
proceeded thro* ^Egyptian ftrainers and channels, and 
tame to him not without feme riniflure of the learn- 
ing, orfome caft of the models, of thofe before him. 
The Poetry of Sbaiefpcar was Infpiration indeed ; he 
is not fo much an Imitator, as an Inftrument, of Na- 
ture ; and *tis not fo jufl to fay that he fpealcs from 
her, as that (he fpeaks thro' him. 

His CbaraHers arc fo much Nature herfclf, that 
Yis a fort of injury to call them by fo diflant a name 
as Copies of hen Thofe of other Poets have a con- 
Itant refembiancej which fhews that they receiv*d them 
from one another, and were but miiltiplieis of the 
fame image : each piifture like a mock-rainbow is but 
the reflexion of a reflexion. But every fingle cha- 
raAer in Shake/pear is a& much an Individual , as thofe^H 
in life it fclf ; it is as impolTible to find any two alike S^H 
and fuch as from their relation or affinity in any refpedt 
appear moft to be twins, will upon comparifon be found 
remarkably diftinift. To tliis life and variety of Cha- 
rafter, we muft add tlic wonderful prefervation of it-, 
which is fuch throughout his Plays, that had all the 
Speeches been printed without the very names of the 
Perfons, I believe one might have apply*d them with 
certainty to every Jpeaker. 

The Power over our Pajficns was never poiIc6'd 
in a more eminent degree, or dilplayM in fo different 
inftances. Yet all along, there is feen no labour, na 
pains to raife them \ no preparation to guide our 
guefs to the effcrtft, or be perceiv*d to lead toward it : 
But the heart fwells, and the tears burft out, juft at 
the proper places ; Wc are furpri2*d the luomcnt we 

weep I 

Hf. Pop eV VKEVACK xxxi 

weqp ; and yet upon refledion find the paflion fb juft, 
that wc fhou'd be furpriz'd if wc had not wept, and 
wept at that very moment. 

How aflonifiung is it again, that the Paffions di- 
re£tly oppofice to thelc, Lau^ter and Spleen, are no 
kfs at hiS command ! that he is not more a mafter of 
the Crtai than of the Ridiculous in human nature ; of 
our nobleft taricmeffes, than of our v^eft foibles \ 
of our ftrongeft emodons, than of our idleft fen- 

Nor does he only excel in the Paflions : In the cool* 
nefs of Refleftion and Reafoning he is full as admira- 
ble. His Sentiments are not on^ in general the moft 
pertinent and judicious upon every fubjcA ; but by a 
talent very peculiar, fomething between Penetration 
and Fcficity, he hits upon that particular point on 
which the bent of each argument turns, or the force 
of each motive depends. This is perfeftly amazing, 
ftoma Man oC no education or experience/ in thofe 
great and puUick fcenes of life which are ufually the 
{iibjed: of his thoughts : So that he feems to have 
known the world by Intuition, to have look'd thro* 
human nature at one glance, and to be the only Au- 
thor that gives ^und for a very new opinion. That 
the Philofopher and even the Man of the world, may 
be Bom^ as well as the Poet. 

It muft be own*d chat with all thefe great excd- 
lendes, he has almoft as great defefts ; and that as he 
has certainly written better, (o he has perhaps written 
worle, than any other. But I think I can in fome 
meafure account for theie defeAs, from feveral cauics 
and acodents ; without which it is hard to imagine 
that lb laige and fo enlighten'd a mind could ever 
have been fufceptible of them. That all thefe Con- 
tingencies (hould unite to his difadvantage feems to 
IBC almoft as flngularly unlucky, as that fo many va- 


Mr. Pope'/ P RE FACE. 

tious (nay comrary) Taknts fhould mtct in one 
was happy and extraordinary. 

It muft be diowed that St^-Poctry of ail 
is more particularly ItvcifM to picale the Popui 
and its fuccefs more immediately depending upon the 
Cemmcn Suffrage. One. cannot therefore wonder, if 
Sbaktjpear^ having at his firll appearance no other aim 
in his writings than to procure a fubfiftence, dircAed 
his endeavours ibleiy to hit the taftc and humour that 
then prevailed. The Audience was generally com- 
pofed of the meaner fort of people ; and therefore the 
Images of Life were to be drawn from thofe of their 
own rank : accordingly wc find, that not our Author** 
only but almoft all ^e old Comedies have their Scene 
among Tradefmm and Mechankks : And even their 
Hiftorica] Plays ftri(5tly follow the common Old Sto- 
ries or Vulgar ^radiltons of that kind of people. In 
Tragedy, nothing was fo fure to Surprize and caufe 
Admrfldon^ as the moft ftrang^, uncxpeftcd, and con- 
Jequently moft unnatural. Events and Incidents ; the 
moft exaggerated Thoughts ; the moft verbofe and 
bombaft Expreflion V the mo(l pompous Rhymes, and 
thundering Verfification. In Comedy, notliing waa 
fo fure to Pk^fe, as mean buffoonry, vile ribaldry, 
and unmannerly jcfts of fools and clowns. Yet even 
in theJe, our Audior*s Wit buoys up, and is born 
above hU fubjed : his Genius in thoie low parts is 
like Come Prince of a Romance in the diiguiie of a 
Shepherd or Pcaiant ; a certain Grcatncfs and Spirit 
now and then break out, which manifell his higher 
cxtradion and qualities. 

It may be added, that not only the common Au-- 
dlcncc had no notion of the rules of writing, but few 
even of the better fort piqu'd thcmfelves upon any 
gTcat degree of knowledge or nicety that way ; *till 
B^u ycbtj/on getting pofll-fllon of the Stage^ brought 

And that this was not 

critical learning into 


Mk Popej P REFACE. 


ithouc difficulry, may appear from chofc fre^ 
Icilpns (and indeed almoft Declamations) which 
; forced to prefix to his firft plays, and put 
mouih of his Adlor^, the Grex, Chorus^ &c. 
aovc rjie prejudices, and inform flie judgmenc 
hearers, "fill then, our Authors had no 
of writing on the model of the Ancients : 
ragedies were only Hiftories in Dialogue ; and 
Comedies folJowed the thread of any Novel as 
bund it, no icfs implicidy than if it had been 

judge therefore of Shahjpear by Artftode^^^ 
\s fike trying a man by rhe Jaws of one Coun-"' 
^ho adred under thofe of another. He writ to ^^ 
opie ; and writ at firft wichoiit patronage from 
:ccr fort, and therefore without aims of pleafing 
without afllftance or advice fram the Learned^ 
hour the advantage of education or acquaincance 
them : without that knowledge of the beft 
, the Ancients, to infpire him with an emula* 
them ; in a word, without any views of Re- 
n, and of what Poets are pleas'd to call Im- 
ity : Some or all of which have encourag'd the 
or animated the ambition, of other writers, 
fet it muil be obferv*d, that when his pcrfor- 
s had merited the proteftion of his Prince, and 
the encouragenne/it of the Court had fucceedcd 
of -the Town > the works of his riper years arc 
railed above thofe of his former. The Dates i/ 
ys fufficicntly mdcncc that his produftioni " 
in proportion to the relpefl he had for his 
And t make no doubt this obfcrvatiori 
be found tnie in every inftance, were but Edi- 
extant from which we might learn the exaft 
when every piece was compofcd, and whether 
the Town> or the Court. 


xxxiv iWr, P o p e'/ PREFACE. 

Another Cau& (and no lefs {}rong than the former] 
may be deduced from our Author*s being a Playery 
and forming himfclf firft upon the judgments of that 
bod/ of men whereof he was a member. They have 
ever had a Standard to themfclves, upon other prin- 
ciples than thofe of Arijhtk, As they live by the 
Majority, they know no rule but that of pleafing the 
prelent humour, and complying with the wit in 
lalhion ; a confideration which brings all their judgment 
to a fliort point. Players arejuft fuch judges of what 
b rights as Taylors arc of what is graceful. And ia 
this view it will be but fair to allow^ that moft of our 
Author's faults are lefs to be afcribed to his wrong 
judgment as a Poet, than to his right judgment ai a I 
Player. ^j 

By thefe Men it was thought a praife to Sbnkefptast^k 
that he fcacre ever bloittd a lint. This they induftri^^ 
oufly propagated, as appears from what we are told 
by Ben J&hnfin in his DifcovtrieSy and from the pre- 
face oi Heminges and CsnMl to the firfl folio Edition. 
But in reality ( however it has prevaiied ) there never 
was a more groundJefs report, or to the contrary 
which there are more undeniable evidences. As, 
Comedy of the Merry H'^rjes of Windfor^ which 
entirely new writ ; the Hijiory of Henry the 6th^ 
which was firft publifhcd under the tide of the Conh 
Ston of York and Lancailer ; and th at of Henry the 5/i 
extremely improved ; that of Hamlet enlarged to 
moft as much again as at firft, and many others. 
believe the common opinion of his want of Leami] __ 
proceeded from no better ground. This too might 
be thought a Praile by fome, and to this his Errors 
have as injudicioufly been afcribed by others. For 
'tis certain > were ic true, it could coBcem but a fmall 
part of them ; the mofl: are fudi as are not property 
Dcfe<^5, but Superfcetarions : and arife not from want 
of learning or reading, but from want of thinking or 


JMk.Pope'^ preface. 


ing: or rather (to be more juft to our Author) 
►m a compliance to thofe wants in odicrs. As to a 
wrong choice of the fubjedt, a wrong conduft of the 
incidents, falfc thoughts forc'd exprcJTions, (^c. if 
thcfe arc not to be afcrib'd to the forefaid accidental 
rcafons> they muft be charged upon the Pocchimlcif, 
and there is no help for it. But 1 think die two Dif- 
advantages which I have mentioned (to be obliged CO 
pJeaic the loweft of people, and to keep the worft of 
company) if the conridcration be extended as far as it 
reafonably mayj will appear fufficient to miflcad and 
dcprefe the greateft Genius upon earth. Nay the 
more modefty with which fuch a one is endued, 
the more he is in danger of fubmitting and conforming 
tootherSj againCl his own better judgment- 

But as to his fFiafit of Leanmg^ it nnay be necef-^ 
iary to fay fomething more : There is certainly a vaft "^ 
difference between Learning and Lartguages, How ^ 
far he was ignorant of the latter, I cannot determine ; 
but 'tis plain he had much Reading at leall, if they 
will not call it Learning. Nor is it any great mat- 
ter, if a man has Knowledge, whether h^ has it from 
one language or from another. Nothing is more evi- 
dent than that he had a tafte of natural Philofophy, 
Mechanicks, ancient and modern Hiftory, Poetical 
learning and Mythology : We find him very knovring 
in the cuftoms, rites, and manners of Antiquity. In 
Coriolanus and JtdiHS Ctjar^ not only the Spirit* but 
Manners, of the Romans are cxaftly drawn j and ftill 
a nicer diftinftion is fhown, between the manners of 
the Romam in the time of the former, and of the 
latter. His reading in the ancient Hiftorians is no Jels 
conlpicuous, in many references to particular pailagcs : 
and the fpecches copy'd from Plutarch in Coriclarsus 
may, I thinks as well be made an inftance of his 
learning, as thofe copy'd from CkerQ in Cullmt^ of 
Bm Jobnfos^s, I'he manners of other nations in ge- 

b 2 pcral^ 

Mr. PoPi^ P RE FACE. 

ncral, the Egyptians^ VmeliojUy French^ &c. ai 
with equal propriety. Whatever objcft of natiure, c* 
branch of fcience, he either fpcaks of cr defcribcs \ k 
is always with competent, \\ not cxtenfivc knowledge : 
his defcriptions are flUl cxadt ; all his metaphors ap-^ 
propriated, and remarkably drawn from the true na- 
ture and inherent qualities of each fubjetS. When he 
treats of Ethic or Politic, we may conftantly obfcnrc 
a wonderful juftnels of diftindtion, u wcU as extoit 
of comprehenfion, No one is more a nriafter of the 
Poeticai ftory, or has more frequent ailufions to tl 
various parts of it ; Mr, ^f^alicr ( who has been cch 
brated for this laft particular ) has not fhewn moi 
learning this way than Shakefpcar. We have TranI 
tions from Ovid pubUJhed in his name, among thoi 
Poems which pafs for his, and for fome of which 
have undoubted authority, ( being publiJhcd by hii 
fclf, and dedicated to his noble Fatroji the Earl 
Southampton *' ) He appears alio to have been conv< 
fimt in PlaiituSy from whom he lias taken the piot 
one of his plays : he follows the Greek Authors, ai 
particularly T>ari$ PingmSf in another: ^alcho' 
will not pretend to lay in what language he read them.] 
The modem liaiiau writers of N^'eis he was mani- 
feftly acquainted with; and we may conclude him to 
be no Itfs converf^it with the Ancients of his own 
couniry, from the ule he has made of Ci^aucfr in 
^roiius and Crejftda^ and in the "Two N&kU Kinfn 
if that Play be his, as there goes a Tradition it 
(and indeed it has little refcmhlancc of FUnbtr^ 
more of our Author than fome of thofe wliich hai 
been received as genuine, ) 

1 am inclined to think, this opinion proceeded ori- 
ginally from the zeal of the Partizans of our Author 
and Bai John/on ; as they endeavoured to e3calt the 
V one at the cxpence of the other. It is ever the naturt 
fif Parties to be in extremes j and nothing is fo pro- 
^ babk/ 


JfrPopEV PREFACE. xxxvii 

bable, as that becaufe Ben Jobnfon had much thc^"^ 
more learning, it was iatd on the one hand that Shake- ^ 
ffear had none at all; and htcsxxkSbakejpearYidA much "^ 
the moft wk and fancy, it was retorted on the other, 
that Jobnfim wanted both. Becaufe Shake/pear bor-V 
rowed nothing, it was faid that Ben Johnfon borrowed ^ 
every thing, Becauie Jebn/on did not write extem- 
pore, he was reproached with being a year about 
every piece ; and becaufe Shakefpear wrote with eafe 
and rapidity, they cry'd, he never once made a blot. 
Nay the fpirit of oppofition ran fo h^gh, that what- 
ever thofe of the one fide objefted to the other, was 
tal^m at the rebound, and tumed into Praiies ; as in- 
judicioully, as their antagonifts before had made them 

Poets are always afraid of Envy ; but furc they 
have^as much reak)n to be afraid of Admiradon. They 
are the Scytta and Q>arybdis of Authors ; thofe who 
cfcape one, often fall by the other. Peffimum gemis 
immcorum LaudanteSy fays Tacitus : and Firgtl defirea 
to wear a charm againft thofe who praife a Poet withr 
out rule or reafon. 

. Si ultra placitum lauiarit^ haccare froHtem 

Cingito^ ne Vati noceat-^— 

But however this contention mi^t be carried on by 
the Partisans on either fide, I cannot help thmking 
thefe two great Poets were good friends, and lived oa 
amicable terms and in offices of fociety with each other. 
It is an acknowledged fad, that Bm Johnfon was ih- 
troduced upon the Stage, and his firft works encou* 
raged, by Shakefpear. And after lus death, that 
Author writes To the memory of his beloved Mr. Wil- 
liam Shakeipear, which (hows as if the inendfhip had 
oonrioued thro' life. I cannot for my own pare find 
any thing JnviMous or Sparing in thofe vofes, but 
wonder Mr« Dry4<» was of that opsaoKU He exalt*^ 

b 3 him 


Mr.Vovh's PRE F^ C E. 

him not ody above all his Contemporari(rs, but above 
Chaucer and Spenfcr^ whom he wUl not allow co be 
great enough to be rank'd with him i and challenge* 
tiic names of SophocUs^ Euripidis^ and .^fchylus^ nay 
all Gruce and Rome at once, to equal him \ and {wlijcli 
is very paiticularj cxprcfly vindi^tcs him from thi^^ 
imputation of wanting Jrt^ not enduring that all l^^H 
excellencies fhou'd be artribured to Nature, It is re^^ 
markabk coo^ tlut the praife he gives him in Jiis 
Di/covtries fecms to proceed from a perfonal kindnefs \ 
h^ tells us that he loy'd the man, as well as honoured 
hjs mcniojy ; celebrates the honefty^ openncfs» and 
frankneft of his temper \ and only diftingui(hcsj as he 
reafonably ought, between the real merit of the Au- 
thor, and the fiily and derogatory applaufes of the 
Player^. Bm Jchnfon might indeed be fparing in his 
Commendations (dio* certainly he is not fo in this in- 
ftance) partly jVpm his own nature, and partly from 
judgment. For men of judgment tiiink ihey do any 
iTian more fervtce in praifing him juftly^ than lavifbly, 
t fay, I would fain believe they were Friends, tho' 
the violence and ill-breeding of their Followers and 
Flitterers were cnougii to give rife to the contrary 
report, I would hope that it may be with PariUsy 
both in Wit and State, as with thofe Monfters de- 
fcribed by tiie Poets ; and that their Heads at Icaft 
may have (bmethmg human, tho^ their B&dses and 
yW/f are wild beafts and ftrj>ents. 

As I believe that what I have mentioned gave rife to 
the opinion of Shtikcfpear^h want of learning ; fo what 
Las continued it down to us may have been the many 
blunders and illiteracies of the firft Publiihers of his 
works* In thefe Editions their ignorance ihines in 
almoft every page ; nothing is more common than 
A^us tenia. Exit omms. Enter tbree Witches folus. 
Their French is as bad as their Latin^ both in con- 
ftjii(ftion ind ipdiing: Their very IVJJb is falfc* 




Nothing is more likely than that thofc palpable blun- 
ders of Hf^Ur*s quoting Jlriftvtk^ with others of rhat 
gmls kind, iprung from the fame root : it not being 
at all credible that thefc could be die errors of any 
man who had the Icaft tinfture of a School, or the 
leaft convcriacion with fuch as had, Ben Jobnfin 
(whom they will not think partial to him) allows him 
at leaft to have \\^dfim2e Latin \ which is utterly in- 
confiftent with mirtakes like thefe. Nay the conftant 
blunders in proper names of perfons and places, are 
fuch as muft have proceeded from a man, who had 
nor ib much as read any hiftory, in any language : fo 
could not be Sbah/pear's, 

J /hall now lay before the reader fome of ihofe al* 
loft innumerable Errors, which have rifen from one 
tree, the ignorance of the Players, both as his aftors, 
and as his Editors. When the nature and kinds of 
thefe arc enumerated and confidered, I dare to iky 
that not Shake/pear only, but /IriJiotU or Ckero^ had 
their works undergone the fame face, might have ap* 
pcar*d to want fenfe as well as learning. 

It is not certain that any one of his Plays wai pub* 
liflied by himfelf. Duiing the rime of his employ- 
ment in the Theatre, fcveral of his pieces were printed 
icparately in Quarto. What makes me think that 
moft of thefe were not publifli^d by him, is the cxcef- 
fivc carciefsnefs of the prefs ; every page is fo fcanda- 
loufly faJfe fpelled, and almofl all the learned or un- 
uiijal wonisfo intolerably mangled » that it's plain there 
ekher was no Corrector to the prcfe at all, or one totally 
iUircrate. Jf any were fupervucd by himfelf^ I ihould 
the two parts of Henry tte 4/^, and Mdfummer* 
[it's Dream might have been fo : becaufe I find no 
printed with any cxaftncfs; and (contrary to the 
there is very link variation in all the fubfequcnt 
liDons of them. There arc extant two Prefaces, to 
ic firft quarto edition of Trmbts and Creffiia in ifiog* 

b 4 and 

%] Mr.Vovh'i PEEFACB, 

B^ and to that of OibclU ^ by which it appears, thuc tht 

^H fitft was pubitfbcd wuhouc hts koowkdge or coiiieiic» 

^^1 zad even Dcforc it was a&ci^ (b late as levcn or eighc 

^^H years before he died : and that the Utter was noc 

^^B prkHfid 'dU ^ccr hts death. The wbok muxiber of 

^^B gcniiioe pl^ which we have been able to find princed 

^^P in his hfe-timc, aqioimts but to deves. And of ibtm 

^^^ of tbcfc, we cneec with two or more cdkioos by dif- 

H £rrcnt printers, each of wluch has whole heaps: of traih 

H Afferent from the odkcr : which I (hould hncj wis 

^^^ oceafion^d by their bek^ bkcn fiom different copies, 

^^B b rkmpng to different Flay-houles. 
H^ The folio cdiiton ( in which ali the {days we now 

H receive as his, were ErUt coUe^ed ) was puhhibcd bf 

H two Playo^, Hamjtges and Comldi^ in 1623^ feven 

H yean aforr hts dcceafe. They declare, that aU the other 

H cdidons were Oukn and furreptitious and affirm tbdn 

H to be purged from the errors of the former. This is 

H true as to die literal errors^ and no other ; for in aU 

H icfpe^ elic it is fir worfe than the Quarto's. 
H^ Firft, becauie the additions of trifling and bo! 

^^H pftfiages are in tliis edidon far more numerous 

^^V whatever (tad been added, fincc thofe Quano' 

■ the achors, or lud Aolcn from their mouths into the 
^^K written parts, wore trom thence conveyed into the 
^^V printed text, and all (laod charged upon the Author. 

■ He himfelf complained of this ufage iti Hamkt^ where 
^^K be wiOies that tbofi v:he play tb< Qowm ww^dfpe^ 
^^P n^ mcrt thm is jH d&vm fcr tbtm^ ( Ad, 3. Sc. 4.) 

■ But as a proof that he coukl not e^pe it, in the old 
^^K editions of Rcmzc and Juliet there is no hint of a 
^^V gr^^ number of the mean conceits and ribaldries now 
H to be found there. In others, the bw fcencs of Mobs, 
H Plebeians and Clowns* are vaAly ihorCer than at prcM 
H icnt: And I have ken one in parGcufar (which r<fen]fl 

■ fo have belonged to the play-houfe, by having the 

■ parts divided with lines, and the Adors immes in the 
H margin) 


Afr. PoptV PREFACE. 

mir|^) where fevcral of chofe very paffages were 
added in a whttcn hand^ which arc (incc co be feuod 
in the folio* 

In the next place, a number of beautiful paflagei 
which are extant in the iirft fingle editions, art omit- 
ted in this : as k fecms without any other reafon, 
than thdr willingncfs to fliorcen feme fccncs : Thcfe 
men (as it was faid of Prccrufics) either lopping, or 
ftrctching an Authorj to make hini juft fit for their 

Tim edition is faid to be printed from the Oripnai 
Copies ; I believe they meant thofe which had lain ever 
Hoce the Author's days in the play-houfe, and had 
from time to time been cut, or added to^ arbitrarily. 
It appears that this edition, as well as the Quarto*5» 
was printed (at leaft: partly) from no better copies 
than the Prompter's Boek^ or Piecemeal Parts written 
out for the ufe of the adtors ; For in fomc places tlicir 
very (dj names are thro' carele&ncis let down indead 
cf the Ptrjma Dramatis : And in others the notes of 
dircAion to the Property-tnen for their Mcvcaiki, and 
to the Piifyers for their Enlrtej^ are inferted into tlic 
Text, thro' the ignorance of the Traricribcrs, 

The Piays not having been before fo much at 
diftinguifliM by Jifs and Sc&jej^ they are in thii cdi- 
tbn divided according as they play*d them ; often 
where there is no paufe in the a^ion, or where they 
thought Er to make a breach in ir> for the lake of 
Mufick, Mafqiics, or Monfters. 

Sometimes the firenes arc tranfpofcd and fhufflcd 
turkward and forward ; a thing which could no other^p' 
wife happen, bur by thdr being taken from Separate 
yad picce-meal-written para. 

(tf) Much aio dbouttiothiog^, A^ t. SMUr print f JjeantOf 
Ckodio, AJT^ ]a«k Wilfon* infira^ i/BAUhitar. Md im A^. 4. 
Cotricy, *wi Kemp, (pfjtantij thn* a icAc/* Sentt. 

EdiLfol. of 1623, 9Md 1631, 



iUi Mr.Povhs PREFACE. 

Many verfcs arc omicted cntirdy, and others trant 
pofed i from whence invincible obfcurities have arifcn, 
palt the gucfs of any CommE:ntator to clear up, but 
juft where the accidental gl impfc of an old cdidoa 
cnlrghtcns us, ^M 

Some Charadlcrs were confounded and mix*d, oP 
two put into one, for want of a competent number of 
actors. Thus in the Quarto edidoii of Afid/iwsmer'- 
Nighi*s Dream, A^ 5. Sbakifpear introduces a kind 
of Maflcr of the Revels called Philcfiraie: all whofe 
part is given to another character ( that of Egeus ) in 
the fubfrquent editions : So alio in Hamlet and King 
Lear. This too makes it probable that the Promp- 
ter's Books were what they calPd the Original Copies 

From liberties of this kind, many fpecchesallb were 
put into the mouths of wrong perfons, where the A 
thor now feema chargeable with making them Ipe 
out of charaftcr : Or ibmetimes perliaps for no litter 
r^bn, than that a governing Player^ to have the \ 
mouthing of fome favourite fpcech himfelf, would 1 
Ihatch it from the unworthy lips of an Underling. | 

Frofc from verfe they did not know, and they 
accordingly printed one tor the other throughout tt^^ 
volume. ^1 

Having been forced to iay fo much of the PJayen~ 
1 think I ought in juftice to remark, that the Judg- 
ment, as well ajs Condition, of that daft of people 
was then far inferior to what it is in our days. As 
then the beft Playhoufcs were Inns and Taverns ( 
Glcbey the Hope^ the Red Bull^ the Fcrlune, Sec.) 
the top of the profeJTion were then mcer Players, n 
Gentlemen of the ftage ; They were led into the But- 
tery by the Steward, not plac'd at the Lord*s table, 
Lady*s toilette : andconfequently wereintirely depriv'^ 
of thofe advantages they now enjoy, in the famili 
converfation of our Nobility, and an intimacy ( not to 
&y deameft) with people of the fifft condition. 


3ff. P P eV pre fa C B, xhii 

^rom what has been faid, there can be no queftioD 
but had Sbakejpear publiihcd his works himfeU (efpc- 
cially in his latter time, and after his retreat from the 
ftage) we fhould not only be ctTtain which are ge- 
nuine i but fhould find in thofe that are, the errors 
Icffcned by fome thoufands, H 1 may judge from all 
the diftinguifliing marks of his (tyle, and his manner 
of thinking and writing, I make no doubt to declare 
that thofe wretched plays Perkies^ Lscrine, Sir John 
OUcaJfU, Torkjbiu Tragedy^ Lord Crontweil, The Pu- 
ritany and London Prodigal^ cannot be admitted as his. 
And I ihould conjedurc of fome of the others, (parti- 
cularly Lyve^s Lahmr'% Loft, Tie iVtnter^i Tale^ and 
Tiius Andrcmcus) that only fome charadters, fingle 
fcenes, or perhaps a few particular paffages, were of 
his hand, Jt is very probable what occafionM fome 
PUys to be fuppofcd Shake/pear*^ was only this j that 
tbey were pieces produced by unknown authors, or 
fitted up for the Theatre while it was under his admi- 
niftrauon: and no owner claiming them, they were 
adjudged to him, as they giv« Strays to the Lord of 
the Manor: A miftake which (one may alfo obferve) 
it was not for the intcrcft of the Houfe to remove. Yet 
the Players chemfclves, Hemlnges and Condelly after- 
wards did Sbakejpear the jufticc to rcjeft thofe eight 
plays in their edition* tho' they were then printed in 
his Name, in every body's hands, and aded with fome 
applaufe J (as we learn from what Ben Jobnfon fays of 
PtricUs m his Ode on the New Inn,) That 7itus An- 
drmum is one of diis clafa I am the rather induced to 
believe, by finding the fame Author openly exprcfs his 
contempt of it in the Induiiim to Bartbokmew-Pair^ 
in the year 1614, when Shake/pear was yet hving* 
And there is no better authority for ihefe latter fort, 
than for the former, wliich were equally publilhed in 
tus lifc^cime. 




Afn PopeV preface. 


into this 




vicious pans and paiTages might no longer reflect upon 
this great Genius^ but ajipcar unworthily charged upon 
him? And even in thoie which are really his, how 
many faults may have been unjullly laid to his account 
from arbitrary Additions, Expunftions, Tranfpofi- 
tiona of fccnes anti lines, confufion of Characters and 
Perlbns, wrong application of Speeches, corruptions 
of innumerable Pafiagcs by the Ignorance, and wrong 
Correftions of 'em again by the Impertinence, of his 
firft Editors ? From one or other of thefc confide- 
rations, I am verily perfuaded, that tlie greateft and 
the grolleft part of what are thought his errors would 
vanifh, and leave his charaAer in a light very diffe- 
rent from that difadvantageous one, in which it now 
appears to us, 

Thb is the ftate in which Sbakefpear*^ writings lyc 
at prefent •, for fincc the abovementioned Folio Edi- 
tion, all the reft have implicitly followed it, without 
having recouWe to any of the former, or ever making 
the comparifon between them. It is impofTiblc to re- 
p:ur the Injuries already done him \ coo much time 
has elaps*d, and the materials are too few. In what 
I have done I have rather given a proof of my will- 
ingnels and dcfire, than of my ability, to do him 
juftice, I have difchargM the dull duty of an Editor, 
to my beft judgment, with more labour than I cxpeft 
thanksi with a religious abhorrence of all tnnovatioi 
and without any indulgence to my private fenic 
conjcflure. The method taken in this Edition wu 
fhow itlelf The various Readings are fairly put 
th* margifj, fo that every one may compare *em •, ai 
thole I have prcfcr'd into the Text are conftantly 
fide Ccdiatm^ ujx)n authority. The AJtcraiions 
Additions which Shakefptar himfelf made, arc taken 
notice of as they occur Some fufpetfted paflages 
which arc cxccfllvcly bad, ( and which leem Interpo- 



Mr.Vov%*s PREPACK 

by bcir^ fo inferted chat one can imirdy oink 

without any chafm, or dcfidence in the context) 
degraded to the bottom of the page ; with aa 
ftcrisk referring to the places of their infertion. The 
Scenes are marked fo diftinftly that every removal of 
place is fpccily'di wUch h more neceflary in this 
Author than any other, fince he ihifcs them more 
frequently : and ibtnedmes without attending to t)us 
particular, the reader would have met with oh* 
fcuritics. The more obfolete or unufual words arc 
explained. Some of the moft fhining paflagcs arc 
ditlmguifti'd by comma*s in die margin; and where 
the beauty lay not in particulars but in the whole, a 
ftar is prefix'd to the fcene. This feems to me a 
fhorter and kfs oftcncatious method of performing 
the better half of Criticifm ( namely the pointing out 
an Author's excellencies) than to fill a whole paper with 
citations of fine paflEiges^ with general A^plaufis^ or 
jy Exdamaticns at the tail of them. There is alfo 
bjoin'd a Catalogue of thofe iirft Editions by which 
c greater part of the various readings and of the 
corredbed pafTagcs are authorited, { moft of which are 
fuch as carry their own evidence along with them.) 
Thefc Editions now hold the place of Originals, and 
the only materials left to repair the deficienccs or 
e the corrupted fenfc of the Author; I can only 
fti that a greater number of them (if a greater were 
cr publifliedj may yet be found, by a fearcli more 
ccclsful than mine, for the better accomplilliment 
this end* 

1 will conclude by laying of Shakifptar^ that with 
all his faults, and with all the irregularity of his Drama^ 
lay look upon his works, in companion of thofe 
are more finilh'd and regular, as upon an ancient ' 
ajeilick piece of Got hick Arcliitefture, compared ' 
ith a neat Modem building; l\\c latter is more ' 







xlvi AfnPopEV PREFACE. 

elegant and glaring, buc the former is more ftrong 
more folemn- It muft be allowM, that in one of 
there are materials enough to make many of the other. 
' It has much the greater variety, and much the nobler 
apartments; the' we arc often condudled to them by 
dark, odd, and uncouth PaHages. Nor does th^M 
Whole fail to ftrikc us with greater reverence, tho^^ 
tnany of the Parts are childi(h| Ul-plac'd, and im- 
jrqual to its grandeur. 




Account offhe Life, ^c, 

o F 

Written *y Mr. R O W E, 

T fccms to be a kind of refpeft due to 
the memory of excellent men, cfpedally 
of thofc whom their wit and learning 
have made famous, to deliver fome ac- 
count of themfclves, as well as their 
»rks, to Pofterity, For this reafbn, how fond do 
wc fee fomc people of difcovering any little perfonal 
Ilory of the great men of Antiquity ! their families, 
fhc common accidents of their lives, and even their 
ihape, make, and features have been the fubjedt of 
■ridcal enquiries. How trifling foever this Curiofity 
^nay feem to be, it is certainly very natural ; and we 
are hardly fatisfy'd with an account of any remarkable 
pcribn, till we have heard him defcrib'd even to the 
« Tcry cloaths he wears* As for what relates to men of 
kttcrs* the knowledge of an Author may fometimet 
conduce to the better underfUnding his book : And 


Some Account of the Life^ &c. 

tho* the Works of Mr. Shakefpear may fccm to many 
not to wane a comment, yet I fancy fome lircic account 
of the man himlelf may not be thought improper to 
go along with them. 

He was the fon of Mr. John Shake/pear, and wis 
bom at Stratford upon Avm^ in h'arwkkjbire^ in 
April 1564. His family, as appears by the Re^ftcr 
and pubUck Writings relating to that Town, were of 
good figure and fafhion there, and are menrion'd as 
gentlemen. His father, who was aconllderable dealer 
in woo!, had fo large a family, ten cliildrcn in aU, 
that tho' he was his eldeft fon, he could give him no 
better education than his own employment. He had 
bred him» 'ds true, for fome time at a Free-fchool, 
where 'tis probable he acquired what L^ztin he was 
mafter of: But the narrownefs of hts circumflrnnccs, 
and the want of his affiftancc at home, forc'd his fa- 
ther to withdraw him from thence, and unhappily 
prevented his fiirther proficiency in cliat language. I|^| 
is without controverfy, that in his works we fcarce finrf^ 
any traces of any thing that looks like an imitation of 
the Ancients. The delicacy of his tafle> and the n 
tural bent of his owm great Cemus^ (equaJ, if not (ljp<S^ 
rlor to fome of the bcil of theirs) would certainly have 
led him to read and ftudy 'em with fo much pleafurr, 
that fome of their fine imager, u^ouid naturally have 
infinuated thcmfelves into, and been mix'd with his 
own writings ; lb rhac his not copying at leaft fome- 
thing from them, may be nn argument of his never 
having rearl 'em. Whether his ignorance of the An- 
cients were a difadvantage to him or no, may admit 
of a difpute : For tho^ the knowledge of 'em might 
have made him more corre^fl, yet it is not improbable 
but that the regularity and deference for them, which 
would have attended that conetlnefs^ might have re* 
ftrmn'd fome of that fire, impettiofity, and CT^en beau* 
liful extravagance which wc adtnirc in Shaii^ear 


of Jfr William Shakespear. xlvii 

And 1 believe we are better pleas'd with thofe thought*, 
altogether new and uncommon, which his own ima- 
gination fupply'd him fo abundantly with, than if he 
had given us the moft beautiful paJTagcs out of the 
Creek md Latin poets, and that in the moft agreeable 
nianner that it was poflible for a mafterof the Englifi 
language to deliver *em , 

Upon his leaving fchcol, he Jecms to have g^vcn 
entirely into that way of living which his father pro- 
pos'dto him \ and in order to fettle in the vorld after 
a family manner, he thouglit fit to marry while he was 
yet Very young. His wife was the Daughter of one 
Haibawayy faid to have been a fubftantial yeoman in 
the neighbourhood of Straifcrd. In this kind of fct- 
dcmcnt he continu'd for fome time, *till an extrava- 
gance that he was guilty of forc'd him both out of hi* 
country and that way of living whidi he had taken up ; 
and tho' it fccm'd at firfl: to be a bicmifh upon his good 
manners^ and a misfortune to him, yet it afterwards 
happily provM ilie occafion of exerting one of the 
grcatcft Gtntufs that ever was known in dramatick 
i^octry. He had, by a misfortune common enough 
to young fellows^ fallen into ill company ; and amongft 
them, fomc that matie a frequent practice of Deer- 
ftealing, engag*d him with rhem more than once in 
robbing a Park that belong'd to Sir Thomas Lu£y of 
Cbtrkcotj near SiratfQrd. For this he was profecuted 
by that gentleman, as he thought, fomewhat too Ic- 
vcrely *, and in order to revenge rliat ilJ ufage, he made 
A bdUad upon him. And tho* tliis, probably the firft 
cflay of his Poetry, be Joft, yet it is laid to have been 
lb very bitter, that it redoubled the Profecution agsunft 
him to that degree, that he was obligM to leave his 
bufinefs and family in JVanvickJhiu^ for fome time, 
and Ihclter himfelf in London, 

It is at this time, and upon this accident, that he is 
(aid to have made his lirft acquaintance in ihc Play- 


xlviii Same Account of the Life^ &ۥ 

hodc. He was received into the company then 
being, at firil in ft very mean rank j but his adm: 
ble wit, and the natural turn of it to the flage, f< 
diftinguifh'd him, if not as an extraordinary A<^or, 
yet as an exceUenc Writer. His name is pintcd, a* 
the cuftom was in chofe times, amongft thofe of the 
other Players, before Jome old Plays, but without 
any particular account of what fort of parts he u*M to 
play -, and tho* I have enquired, I could never meet 
with any further account of hrm this way, than that 
the top of his Performance was the ghoft in his own 
Hamiet, I fhould have been much more pleas'd, tO 
have leam'd from fome certain authority^ which wa» 
the firft Play he wrote [a] \ it would be without doubt 
a jdcafure to ajiy man, curious in things of this kind, 
to fee and know what was the firft ciTay of a fancy 
like Shake/pear's, Perhaps we are not to look for hii 
b^innings, Fikc thofe of other authors, among thdr 
Icaft pertetft writings ; art had fo little, and nature fa 
large a ihare in wiiat he did, that, for ought I know, 
the performances of his youth* as they were the moil 
vigorous, and had the moft fire and ftrength of ima- 
gination in 'cm, were the beft. I would not bi 
thought by this to mean, that his fancy was fo loofe 
and extravagant, as to be independent on the rule and 
government of judgment ^ but that what he thought, 
was commonly fo great, fo jufUy and rightly con- 
cdv'd in it fclf, that it wanted little or no corrcfticin, 
and was immediately approved by an impartial judg- 
ment at the firft figlir. But the' the order of time in 
which the feveral pieces were written be generally un- 
certain, yet there are paflages in fome few of ch< 
which feem to fix iheir daces. So the Chorus at 


(a) 7h£ hightft ^ait of ony I raitjfi/tt^, // Romeo amj }vl 
iV]S97f vi»tH tkt Author ^vmi %iy fan 9id\ tf«^ Richftrd the j^« 
^nd %^, ift ihf mxt jear^ viz. ik4 ^^btfhiimgi. 


cf Mr.WiLLiAM Shakespear. 

end of the fourth Aft of Henry V, by a compliment 
very handfomely turn'd co the Ear! of Effex^ fhews 
the Play to have been written when that Lord was 
General for the Queen in Ireland: And his Elogy 
upon Queen Elizabeth^ and her fucceflbr King Jama^ 
in the lacter end of his Henry Vill. Is a proof of that 
Play's being written after the accefllon ofthe latter of 
thofe two Princes to the crown of England. What* 
ever the particular times of his writing were, the peo* 
pie of his age, who began to grow wonderfully fond 
of diverfions of this kind, could not but be highly 
pleas'd to fee a Gemui anie amongft "em of fo plca- 
Jbrable* fo rich a veiij, and fo plentifully capable of 
fumJihing their favounrc entertainments, Befides the 
advantages ol his wit, he was in himfclf a good-natur*d 
man, of great fwectnelji in his manners^ and a mod 
agreeable companion ; fo that it is no wonder if with 
So XDSUiy good qualities he made himfelf acquainted 
with the beft converfations of thofe times. Queen 
Elizabeth had fevcral of his Plays afted before her, 
;and without doubt gave him many gracious marks of 
her favour : It \% that maiden Princefs plainly, whom 
tends by 


AfairVeJial, Thromd by the fFift. 

Midfummer-Night^s Dream, 

Ethait whole paJTage is a compliment very properly 
ght in* and very handJbmely appIyM to her. She 
was fo weU pleas'd with that admirable charafter of 
Falfiaff, in the two parts of Hemy the fourth, that Ihc 
commanded him to continue it for one PJay more, 
and to (hew him in love. This is (aid to be the oc- 
^cafion of his writing ^he Merry IVrves of Windfor, 
How well (he was obeyed, the Play itfelf is an admi- 
rable proof. Upon this occafion it may not be im- 
proper to obferve, that this part of FaHiaff is i^d to 
"'oL. 1. c hare 

Simte Account of the Life^ Sec. 

have b:cn written originally imder the name of («) Old'' 
caJlU y iomc ci tliat ramjiy bting then remaining, rhc 
Queen was'd to command him co alter it v upofl 
which he made ufc of Fdljiaff, The prefent offttKe 
was indeed avoided ; but I don't know whether the 
Author may not have been fomcwhat to bkme in his 
fecond choice^ fincc it is certain that Sir John Falftaff^ 
who was a Knight of the garter, and a Lieutenant- 
general, was a name of diftinguifh'd merit m the wars in 
frame in Henry the fifth's and Hemythc fixth's times. 
What grace foevcr the Qijeen confer'd upon him» it 
was not to her only he ow'd the fortunt: which the re- 
putation of his wit made. He had the honour to 
meet wiih many great and uncommon marks of favour 
and friendfhip from the F^rl of SoutknmptOM^ famous 
in the hiftorics of that time for his friendfhip to the 
unfortunate Earl of Effex. It was to diat noble 
that he dedicated his Poem of yenus and 
There is one inftance fb fingular in the magnlfii 
of this Patron of Stake/pear*s^ that if 1 had iiot bc< 
aiTur'd that the ftory was handed down by Sir fPl/liam 
D'jivenan/i who was probably very well acquainted 
with his affairs, I ftiould not have venturM to have 
inferred, that my Lord Souibampton at one rime gave 
him a thoulimd pounds, to enable him to go through 
with a purchafe which he heard he had a mind to. A 
bounty very great, and very rare at any time, and al- 
moft equal to that profufe generofity the preienc age 
has fhewn to Frinch Dancers and Italian Singers. 

What particular habitude or fricndfliips he con- 
tracted with private men, I have not been able to learn, 
more than tlut every one wiio had a true tafte of nxe* 
rir, and could cUftinguiih men, had generally 
value and elleem for him. His exceeding candor 
gpod-natiirc muil certainly liave indin'd ail the g< 

(») St0 thf £^iUx^i U Henry IVih. 

o/Jfr. William Shakespear. 

part of the world to love him, as the power of his wit 
oblig'd the men of the moft delicate knowledge and 
polite learning to admire him. 

His acquaintance with Ben Jobnfon began with a 
remarkable piece of humanity and good-nature i 
Mr. Jobnfon^ who was at that time altogether un- 
known to the world, had oiFer*d one of his Plays to 
the Players, in order to have it afted ; and the per- 
fons into whofe hands it was put, after having tum*d 
it carelefly and fupercilioufly over, were juft upon re- 
turning it to him with an ill-natur*d amwer, that it 
would be of no fcnnce to their Company ; when 
Shake/pear luckilv caft his eye upon it, and found 
Ibmething fo well ia it as to engage him firft to read it 
through, and afterwards to recommend Mr, Johnfon 
and his writings to the publick. Jobnfon was certainly 
a very good fcholar, and in that had the advantage of 
Sbakefpear ; tho' at the fame time I believe it muft 
beallow'd, that what Nature gave the latter, was 
more than a balance for what Books had g^vcn the for* 
mer ; and the judgment of a great man upon this oc- 
cafion was, I think, very juft and proper. In a converla- 
tion between Six John Sucklings Sir William D^Avenant^ 
Endpfion Porter j Mr. Haks of Eaton, and Ben Jobn- 
fon ; Sir John Suckling, who was a profcfi*d admirer 
of Sbakejpear, had undertaken his defence ag^ft Ben 
Jobnfon with ibme warmth ^ Mr. Haks, who had (at 
ffiU for Ibme time, told *em, Tbat if Mr, Shakefpear 
bad not read the Ancients, be bad likewife not ftolen any 
tbir^ from *em ; oftd that if be would produce airy one 
Topick finely treated by any of them, be would undertake 
to fhew fometbing upon the fame fubjeS at leajl as well 
written by Shakefpear. 

The latter part of his life was fpcnt, as all men of 
good fenfe will wifh theirs may be, in eafe, retire- 
ment, and the converlation of Us friends. He had 
the good fortitfie to gather an eftate equal to his occa« 

- * c 2 fiWly 

lii Some Accomtt of the Lifey tec. 

fion, and, in chat, to his wiih ; and is (aid to have fpen: 
Ibme years before his deach at his native Straif&rd. \ 
His pleafurable wit^ and good-nature, cngag'd him in , 
the acquaintance, and entitled him to the friend fhip of 
the gentlemen of the neighbourhood, Amongft them, 
it is a ftory almoft ftill remember'd in that counrry, that 
he had a particular intimacy with Mr. Comkcy an old 
gemlcman noted thereabouts for his wealth and ufury ; 
Ic happcn'd that in a pleaiant converCition amongft 
their common friends, Mr. Combe told Shakcfpear to 1 
a laughing manner, that he fancy 'd he intended to 
write his. Epitaph, if he happtn*d to ouc-live him||| 
and ^\ncc he could not know what might be iaid ^^k 
him when he was dead^ he defirM it might be done ' 
immediately ; Upon wluch Shahfpsar gave him thcfc 
four verfcs, 

Ten in the hundred lies here ingrav^d^ 

*7h a hundred to len hh foul is not fav*d : 

If ofT/ man asky Who lyes in this tomb ^ 

Ob! bo! quoth the dn^ily ^tis wy John-a-Combc. 

But the fliarpnefs of the Satire is faid to have (lung 
the man fo feverely, that he never forgave it. 

He dy'd in the 53d year of his age, and was bury'd 
on the north fide of the chancel, in the great Church 
at Siratf^dy where a monument, as cngrav'd in the 
platCf is plac'd in the wail. On his Gravt-llonc un- 
demcath is. 

Good friend^ far Jefus' fake forbear 
Tq dig the duft imlo/ed here, 
Bleji be the man tbst fpares tbefe fimeSy 
And cwfi be he that moves my bones. 

He had three daughters, of which two llv'd 
marry *d ; Judith^ the elder, to one Mr. Thomas 
ffey^ by whom fhe had three Sons, who all died with- 
out children j and Sufannah^ w]io was his favourite, 

of Mr. William Shakespear. Itii 

Dr. Jebn HaU^ a phyfician of gpod reputation in 

at country. She kfi one child only, a daughter, 

ho was marryM firft to 'Thomas Najb^ Efq; and after- 

ards to Sir John Bernard of Abttngion^ but dy'd 

cwife without ifTue. 

This IS what 1 could learn of any noie^ either rflat- 
g to himfelf or family: The charafter of the man 
beft fcen in his writings. But fince Ben Jobfffin has 
ade a fort of an eflay towards it in his Difcoveries^ 
will give it in his words. 

*' 1 remember the Players have often nicntion*d it 
as an honour to Sbakefpear^ that in writing (what- 
foever he pcnn'd ) he never blotted out a line. My 
anfwer Iiath been, M'ouU he bad bkttei a iboufmdl 
which they thoUghc a malevolent fpeech* I had 
not told pofterity this, but for their ignorance, who 
chofc that circiimflance to commend their friend 
by, wherein he moft faulted : and to juftifie mine 
own candour, for I lov'd the man, and do honour 
his memory, on this fide idolatry, as much a^ any. 
He was, indeed, honeft, and of an open and free 
nature, had an excellent fancy, brave notions, and 
gentle exprcfllons ; wherein he flow*d with that fa- 
cility, chat fometimes It was neceffary he fliould be 
ftopp'd : Sufflaminandus erai^ as Auguftus laid of 
Haierlus. His wit was in his own power, would 
the rule of it had been fo too. Many times he tcfl 
into thofe tilings wliich could not dcape laughter \ 
as when he faid in the peribn of Ce/jr, one fpcaking 
to hun. 

*' Csriar tbou dofi me wrong. 

He repiy'd : 

*"• C^iix did nrver wr&rtgy but with ji^ cauft, 

•* and fuch like, which were ridiculous. But he re- 
** dc«n*d his vices with his virtues : There was ever 
more in him to be pr^'d than to be pardon*d. 

c 3 A 

liv Some Account of the Life^ &c. 

I As for chr paflagc which he mentions out of^^i 

1 fpear, there is fomewhat like it in yulius OtfoTy 

I without die abiurdity 5 nor did 1 ever meet with it 

^H any edirion that I hare fcen, as quoted by Mr. Jt 

^M fin. Bcfides his plays in this edition, there are two 

V three afcrlb^d to him by Mr. Langbmn^ which I hai 

I never fecn, and know nothing of. He writ Ukcwi 

I Venus and Adorns^ and Tarquin and Lucrecty in ftairza's, 

f which have been printed in a late coliedtion of Poems. 

I As to the charaifter given of hinfi by Ben Jobnfin^ 

I tlierc is a good deal true in it ; But I believe it may 

I be as well cxprcfs'd by what Horace (ays of the firft 

I Remans^ who wrote Tragedy upon the Greek models, 

I Cor indeed translated *eni) in his cjilllc to ^ugu/ius, 

^B » Nafurd fuMimis IS atet, 

^H Nam fpirat Tragicum fatis £ff feUciier Audet^ 

^1 Sed turpem pufat tn Chartis metuitque Utitram. 

^P As I have not propos*d to myfelf to enter into 

1 large and compleat collcftion upon Shake/pear 

I Works» fo f will only take the liberty, with aii d 

L fubniifllon to the judgment of othen, to obferve lb; 

^H of thole things I have been pleas' d with in looking 

^" him over. 

I His Plays are properly to be diftinguifh*d only into 

1 Comedies and Tragedies. Thole which are call 

I Hiftories, and even fome of his Comedies are rcall 

I Tragedies, with a run or mixcuix: of Comedy among 

I *em. That way of Tragi-comcdy was the common 

I miftake of thacage, and is indeed become fo agrce- 

I able to the Englijh tafte, that tho' die feverer Critics 

[ among us cannot bear ir, yet the generality of our au- 

L dicnces fcem to be better pleas'd with it than with an 

I exafl: Tragedy, The I^krry fflves cf Windfor, the 

I Ccmedy of Errors, and the Ti^ming of the Shrew, are 

I all pure Comedy j the rcft^ however they are cali'd, 

I have fomcthine of both kinds* 'Tis not 



very cafy 


ofMr.WiLLiAM Shakbspear. 

determine which way of writmg he was moft excel* 
t in* There is certainly a great deal of cntenain- 
nc in his comical humours ; and tho* they did not 
en ftrike ac alJ ranks of people, as the Satire of the 
prcfent age has taken the libeny to do, yet there is a 
pleafing and a well-di(Tringuilh*ti variety in thoie cha* 
rafters which he thought lit to meddle with, FalJIaff 
is allow*d by every body to be a mafter-piecci the 
Character is always wclJ-fuftain'd, tho* drawn out into 
the length of thrte Flays i and even the account of 
liis death, given by his old landlady Mrs, ^tkkly^ in 
the firft aft o( Hcnty V, tho it be extremely natural, 
is yet as diverting as any part of his life. If there be 
anv fault in the draught he has made of this lewd old 
fdlowj it is, that rhu* he has made him a thief, lying, 
I co wardly, vain-g!orvous, and in fhort every yny vi- 
^Hpus, yet he has given him fo n>uch wit as to make 
^^m aimoft too agreeable ; and I don't know whether 
ibme people have nor, in remembrance of the diver- 
fion he had formerly afforded *em, been forry to fee his 
friend Hal uk him fo fcurvify, when he comes to the 
crown in die end of the feiond part tXfknry che fodrth. 
Amongft other extravagancies, in che Merry fVives of 
Windfor, he has made him a Dccr-flealtr, that he 
might at the fame time remember his M'arwickpnre 
proiecutor, under the name of Jufllce Shallow ; he 
has given him very near the fame coat of arms which 
Dugdak^ in his antiquides of that county, defcribes 
for a family there, and makes the ff^^ljb parfon dcfcant 
very pleaiandy upon 'em. That whole play is admi- 
rable ; the humours are various and well opposM i the 
main defign, which is to cure Ferd of his unreafonabic 
jcaloufy, is extremely well conducted. In Tweifih- 
Night there is fomething Angularly ridiculous and plea- 
£uic In the f^taiHcal fteward Aiaholk, The parafite 
and the vain-glorious in ParolkSy in AlPs well thai Ends 
'xeUy is asgood as any thing of that kind in Pkutus 

c 4 or 



hi Smt Axmmt itf ikt Uft, Sec 

rr Tv^sKs. P^tndia^ ai tseTming if tie Stnm^m 
ati TncrjsarasB. pecs of bczncGr. T& oaiivuiJIai aB of 
Beuidt and Btama^ in Jt&ctf iid^ mac JVdCJs^, 
xrr: if Rjjotimi n ^ jm Jir :r, xetc snxfi vk aad 
grcnrirrj ail aiccg. Hs downs*, vichoiir wfakk 
rharacsr 3crt i^as oardy jct play wnt in 
ar^ all tstt *r.rminng : ixi, I beinrct 
x r^^jeiar sad Cr^diu sad ^monir ix fa 
b; aacw'd 03 be mafto'-pKcss of S-oacnre, aol fiqn- 
caliiarSrg, To cfacfel33gizcaddf dxat iDCODpaabk 
c-.aracer nxlt^adt che 7^^? i>^ ^ MenhgKt tf Te- 
racs -, bet ds>' wc hzrc fee that day l e ud ^ M and 
aosd as I ccccedj, and dacpartof meTnrpedonB'd 
br an <^*y^*'wr Ccmrdrar, yec I caiuut boc dnok k 
was dftfg-erf tragicallj br die Anchor. There ap- 
pears in ic a deaclT f^iiic of revenge, toch a frvage 
fercenefi and feflnrft, and firh a Uoody deignoni 
cc cruekj and miJrhTrf, as carroc agree cscher widi 
the fiyle or cfaataders (tf* Cxnedr. The pbf id% 
take ic alcogedier, frrnw to me to be cce of the moft 
firafh'd of any of Siaie^w^s. The tile indeed, in 
chat part rdacng to the cBkcts, and the excrxvagpc 
and unu£jal kind of bond ^ven by ^teja;«, b too 
much remov'd &om the rules of probabilky : Bottak- 
s-«g the b& fix- ganrrd, we mu^ allow it to be very 
txautifLilj written. There is fbmething in die friend- 
fhip of jMcma to Baffema very great, generous and 
CfTider. The whole mzrch act ^fiippofi^ as I laidt 
the b£t to be probaUe) is extreme^ Ene. But dkcrc 
are two pa^^ diat dc&rvc a particular nodce. The 
&ft is, what Portia fays b pnuie of mercv, and the 
ether on the power of mufidc. The melanchdy of 
Jffues^ in Asycu Siek, is as fingularand odd as it is 
^verting. AndL^, what /^sr^r^ lays, 

Pfffidlt efifr&pric ammunla d-cere^ 


^/ify. William Shakespear. 

'twill be a hard ta&k for any one to go beyond him in 
the dcfcription of chc feveral degrees and ages of man's 
life, though the Thought be old, and coinmon 

■- *All ihe world is a Stage ^ 
And all the men andwentcn meerfy Players ; 
7'hey have their Exits and their Entrances^ 
And one man in his lime piays many PiirtSj 
His ABs being f^en ages. Firjl the Infani 
Mealing and puking in the nurje*s arms : 
And tbaty the whining SchQ&l-hoy with hisfatehefj 
Andfiifmg m(fming-face, creeping like/nail 
Un^ttlingly to fchooL And then the Lover 
Sighing like furnace^ with a woful ballad 
Made to bis Mifirefs' ^e-brow, Then a Scldier 
Full offtrange Qoihs^ and bearded like she Pard^ 
Jealous in honcur, fudden and quick in quarrel^ 
^^eking the bubble Reputation 
^JEv'n in the cann&n*s mouth. And then the yuftice 
^fln fair round beliy^ with good capon lin^d^ 
Wff^rth eyes/evercy and heard of formal cut^ 
Full of wife faws and modem inftances \ 
Andfo he plays his part, tbejixth agefbifts 
Into the kan andjlipper'^d Pantaloon^ 
' ItbfpcSlacles m nofe^ and pouch on fide \ 
lis youthful hcfe^ weU fav^d^ a *-JDorld tec wide 
For his fijrunk /banks j and his big manly voice, 
Turning again toward childijh treble^ pipes 
And whtftles in his found. Lafl Scene of ally 
That ends thisjirange eventful Hijlory^ 
Is fecond Childifinefs andmeer cMivion^ 
^^ans tteth^ fans gw, fans tajie, fans every thing, 
^f VoL 2. p. 203. 

His Images are indeed every where Co lively, thit 
t|jc thing he would rcprefcnc ftands full before you, 



Iviii Some Account of the Life^ &c. 

and you poflcis every part of it. 1 will venture to 
point out one more, which is, I think, as ftroog and 
2s uncommon as ;uiy (hing I ever ^w ^ *u$ an image 
of Fouoice. ^leaking of a maid in love» he fays, 

— She JUveriM ier kve^ 
But kt ccmeahuJtJy like a worm ? ih* hnd^ 
Pad m htr Jamask cbtek : She pin'd in sboug 
Andfai Uki Patience Pn a monument^ 
Smling at Grief. 

What an Image ts here given! and what a task wouU 
it have been for the greaceft maftcrs of Gretce and 
R€me to have cxprefs'd the pafTions dcfign'd by this 
sketch of Statuary ! The ftyJe of his Comedy is, in gc^i 
neral, natural to the chara<%er5, and ealy in i(ielfj^| 
and tlic wit moft commonly fprighrly and plcafin^^ 
except in thofe places where he runs into doggril 
rhymes^ as in TieCcm£d)f cf Errors^ and fome other 
plays. As for his jingling fometimes^ and playing 
upon words, it was the common vice of the age he 
liv'd in : And if we iind it in the pulpic, made ufc of 
as an ornament to the Sermons of fome of the graveft 
Divines of thofc times ; perhaps it may not be thought , 
too light for the Stage. ^M 

But certainly the greatncfs of this Author's genit^^ 
do's no where fo much appear, as where he gives his 
imagination an entire loole, and raifa his fancy to a 
flight above mankind and the limits of the vifible 
world. Such are his attempts in The Temfejt^ Mid- 
fummer-Nighf s Dream^ M^ckbetb^ and Hamkt, Of 
tlicfc, Tbt Tempcji, however it comes to be plac'd the 
firft by the Publifliers of his works, can nevct have 
been the firft written by him : It feems to me as per- 
feA in its kind, as almoft any thing we have of hi 
One may obferve, that the Unities are kept here, wit 
ap cxa^cfs uncommon to the Hberties of his writing 

of ilfr. William Shakespear. lix 

tho* that was what, I fuppofe, hevalu'd himfclf leaft 
upon, fince his cxceUencies were all of another kind. 
I am very lenfible that he do's, in this play, depart 
too much from that likenels to truth which ought to 
be obienr'd in thefe (brt of wridngs } yet he does it lb 
very finely, that one is eafily drawn in to have more 
faith for his fake, than reafondoes well allow of. His 
Ma^ck has fomething in it very folemn and very 
poetical : And that extravagant chara&er of Caliban is 
mighty well fuftain'd, fliews a wonderful invention in 
the Author, who* could ftrike out fuch a particular 
wild image, and is certainly one of the fincft andmoft 
uncommon Grotefques that was ever feen. The Ob- 
iervadon, which I nave been informed (a) three very 
great men concurred in making upon this part, was 
extremely juft ; Hat Shakelpear bad not onfy found 
out a new CbaraHer in bis Caliban, but bad alfi ^* 
vifd and adapted a new manner of Language for tbat 

It is the fame magick that raifes the Fanes in Mid^ 
fimmer Night's Dream, the Witches in Mackbetb^ 
and the Ghoft in Hamlet j with thoughts and language 
io proper to the parts they luftain, and fb peculiar to 
the talent of this Writer. But of the two laft of thefe 
Plays I ihalkhave occafion to take notice, among the 
Tragedies of Mr. Sbakefpear, If one undertook to 
examine the greateft part of thefe by thofe rules 
whch are eftabliih'd by Ariftotle, and uken from the 
model of the Grecian Stage, it would be no very hard 
task to find a great many faults : But as Sbakefpear 
liv*d under a kind of mere light of nature, and had 
never been made acquanted with the r^;ularity of 
thole written precepts, fo it would be hard to judge 
him by a law ne knew nothing of. We are to con- 
iider him as a man that liv*d in a ftate of almoft uni* 
verfal licenfe and ignorance : there was no eftabliih'd 


(a) Urd?i\WarA, LorJC^ J.Vanghzfi, an J Mr, Selden. 

Some Account of the Life, &c. 

judge, but every one took the liberty to write ac- 
cording to the dictates of his own fancy. When odc 
confiders* that tliere is not one play before him of a 
reputation good enough to entitle ic to an appearance 
on the prefcnt Stage, it cannot but be a matter of 
great wonder that he fhould advance dramatick Poetry 
{q far as he did. The Fable is what is generally placM 
the firft, among thofe that are reckoned the confbtu- 
cnt parts of a Tragick or Heroick Poem ^ not, per- 
haps^ as it is the moft difficult or beautiful, but as it 
is the firft properly to be thought of in the contriv, 
and courfc of the whole , and with the Fable ought 
be confider'dj the fit DiJpofition, Order and Cond 
of its feveral parts. As it is not in this province 
the Drama that the ftrength and maftery of Sh> 
Jpear lay, fo I fhaJI not undertake the tedious and 
natur'd trouble to point out the feveral fiuks he was 
guilty of in ic. His Tales were feldom invented, bi^j 
rather taken cither from true Hiftory, or Novels ai^| 
Romances : And he commonly made ufe of Vm ^^ 
that order, with thofe Incidents, and that extent of 
time in which he found *cm in the Authors from 
whence he borrow *d theiti. Almoll all his hiftoriokd 
Plays comprehend a great length of time, and ve^^ 
different and diftin^ places: And m his ^^iofry znd 
Clecpafra, the Scene travels over the greateft part oU 
ihe Roman Empire, But in recompense for his car^H 
Icfsncfs in this point, when he comes to another part 
of the Drama, "The Manners of bis CharailerSy in aiding 
cr fpeaking what is proper for tbem^ and fit to bejbown I 
iy the Poct^ he may be generally juftifyM, and in veiy 
many places gready commended. For thofe Plays 
which he has taken from the Englijh or Rofmn hiftory, 
kt any man compare 'em» and he will find the cha- 
rader as exaft in the Poet as the Hiftorian. He fee 
indeed fo far from propofing to himfcJf any one a&i 
for a Subjefl:, that the Titk very often tells you, *U5 

o/Afr.WiLLiAM Shakespear. Ixi 

Tic Life f}f King John, King Richard, C^c What 
can be more agrctabic to the idea our hiftorians give 
of Henry the fixth^ than the pidlurc Sbakefpe^tr has 
drawn ot him 1 His Manners are every where exa<5tJy 
the iame with the flory ^ one finds him ftill dcfcribM 
wit)\ fimplidty, pafTive fand:ity» want of couragp, 
wcakncfsof mindj and eol'y fubmiffion ro the gover- 
nance of an imperious Wife, or prevailing Faction : 
Tho' at the fame time the Poet does juftice ro his 
good qualities, and moves the pity of his audience 
for him, by fhewing him pious, difincerefledj aeon* 
tcmner of the things of this world, and wholly refign'd 
to the ftvercft dilpenfations of God's providencr. 
There is a fliort Scene in the fecond part of Henry VL 
which I cannot but think admirabJe in its kind. Car- 
dinal Beaufort^ who had murder*d the Duke of Glcu- 
ceJieTy is Ihewn in the laft agonies on his death-bed, 
with the good King praying over him. There is fb 
much terror in one, fo much tendancfs and moving 
piety in the other, as muft touch any one who is ca- 
pable either of fear or pity. In his Henry VIII, that 
Prince is drawn with that grearnefs of mind, and all 
diole good qualities which are attributed to him in any 
wmi of his reign. If his faults arc not (hewn in an 
^ lal degree, and the fhades in this pifture do not 
:ar a juft proportion to the lights, it is not that the 
.rtift wanted either colours or sktil in the difpofition 
^em J but the truth, I believe, might be, that he 
>re doing it out of r^ard to Queen EUzahetb^ 
Cncc it could have been no very great rcfpect to the 
memory of his Miftrefs, to have expos'd fome certain 
part* of her father's life upon the iUgc. He has dealt 
miKrh more freely with the Miniftcrof that great King, 
and certainly nothing was ever more juffly written, 
than the cliarafter of Cardinal JVolfey. He has ftiewn 
Mm infolenc in his profperity •, and yet, by a wonder- 
ful addrefs, he makes his fail and ruin the fubjefb of 
K general 

Izii Sme Accmatt ef tbe L^^ &c. 

general compafBon. The wiaak man, with Ins 
and vim2cs, is finely and cxyr-r cc&dfd in the le- 
cond iccne of cbe fouru set. Toe db^rcfles fikcwife of 
Queen Ca^hsnae^ in this Piar, are very mov iun h 
touch'd } and tho* th; art of ihz Poet has krcan 
King Hemy from any grou LT.pina.-inn of iujuflj oe^ 
yet one is inclin'd to wiik, the Q^nn had met wjA 
a fortune more worthy of her both and viniie: 
Nor are the Manners, proper to the perions fepie- 
fented, ki juftiy obferv'd, in AcA chataften takcB 
from the /Snx^sf Hutory ; aad of this, the fiace- 
neis and irrpacecce cf Crizlxxi^ kss course and 
difdain of the comnx^ peopi:, the virtue and pfai- 
loibphical temper of Bnums, and the irTq;uIar gccac- 
ne& of mind in ^f, Jk:ckj^ are reiutinil proQ& For 
the two lail efpecially, you nnd 'cm tijjaif as they 
are deicrib'd by Fl^SiSr^by fhj.T. whom certainly SbtJci' 
Jfear copy*d 'em. He has indeed foilow'd ms origi- 
nal pretc\' dole, and taken Li feveral litdc incidents 
that might have been Ipar'd in a Piay. But, as I 
hinted be.%rc, his deiign fe? ms r..ofr axr.monIy ratfaer 
to defirribe thole great men Ln iht ievcral fortunes 
and acddcr.3 of their lives chan to tike any iii^|e 
great acbcn, and form his work (imply upon due 
However, there are fome of his pieces, where the Fa- 
ble is icMTji^ upon one adion only. Such arc more 
efpecially, R.Tfua and Ju^Uty Hjvtl/:^ and Othello, Tfcc 
def^ L-. k:m£j and Ju:U:^ is plairJy the punifhmcnt 
of thcr :v,'o laniies, for the unrealbnable tcuds and 
arany/r.:-:;i t:-a£ had been io long kept up between 
*cm, £r.a cccaficri'd the cffMilon of lb much blood. 
In ihjt mir.2gtn:tnr cf this ilory, he has Ihewn fome- 
ihing wondtrfully tender and paflionate in the love- 
part, ar^ very ptiful in the diftrefs. Hamlet is 
founded en much the fame Tale with the EhHra of 
ScpLecUs, Jn each of 'em a young Prince is engaged 
to rcvcr.^- :..c death of his father, their mothers are 



a/ Jfr, William Shakespear. Ixiii 



conccrn''a in ine murd« of 
their husbands, and. arc afterwards married to the 
murderers. There is in the firft part of the Greek Tra- 
gedy, fomething very moving in the grief of Ekilra\ 
but a* Mr. Dacier has obferv'd, there is fontething 
very unnatural and Ihocking in the Manners Jie has 
given that Princels and Oreftes m tlie latter part. 
OrtfifJ cmbrucs his liands in the blood of his own mo- 
ther? and that barbarous adion is performed, tho' not 
immediately upon the (tage, yet fo near, that the au* 
dience hear Clytemnellra crying out to j^Ejryjlhus for 
help, and to iicr fon for mercy : While kldha her 
daughter, and a Princefs (both of them charafters that 
ought to have appearM with more decency ) (lands 
upon the ftagc and encourages her brotlier in the Par- 
hade* What horror docs this not raife ! Clytcmntfira 
was a wicked woman, and had deferv*d to die j nay, 
in the truth of the ftory^ fiie was kilJ'd by her own 
Ion i but to reprelent an a^lon of this kind on the 
ftage, is certainly an offence dgainfl thofe rules of 
manners proper to the perfbns, that ought to be ob^ 
fcrv*d there. On the contrary, let us only look a Jittic 
on tfie condu^ of Sbakcfpenr. Hamkt is represented 
with the fame piety towards his farher, and rcfoluiion 
to revenge his deaths as Oreftes \ he has the fame ab- 
horrence for his mother's guiir, which, to provoke 
liim the more, is heightened by inceft : But 'tis with 
wtjnderful art and jultnefs of judgment, that the Poet 
rcftrains him from doing violence to his mother. To 
prevent any thing of that kind, he makes his father's 
Ghoft forbid that pare of his vengeance* 

But bvwfoever thoupurftt*fl this y^ff, 
3'Mm mt thy mind^ nor let thy foul contrive 
y^ainfi thy mother ought \ letrve her to heav^Piy 
jfnd to thofo thins that in her bo/cm kdgCy 
Tofriik andfting her, 


Iziv Same JkcmtMi ef the Life^ 

Tim s tD CiftznguJIi ng^T bccveen Hwrwt jnd 9it^ 
rer. Tbc laoer is a proper poScc of Tragodj, bat 
ce fcrsser ocghc abirzp ro be carctuHT avoided. And 
certasily dg dramatick Wricer era- luccsedcd bcncr in 
n£u% Terror ia the mixsds of an ludiaicc than Sbakt' 
fyim has dooe. The whole Tngnir of Matkih^ 
bat nxxe c^xdaZr die fixne where the King is mnr- 
dcr'd, in the fecood a&, as wcQ as this PIaj» is a no- 
ble proof of that manly j^)irit with which he writ; 
and both Ihew how powerful he wtt, in gnvg the 
llr ' u ugc ft motions to our fixils that they arc c^aneoL 
I cacr/jt leave HamUty without takizig notioe of the 
advantage with which we hive &cd this Mafter^ieoe 
of Sbdujptm- diftii^uifh ic&lf upon die ftagc, lif 
Mr. Beiurtctf% fine performance ot that port. A ma^ 
who tfao' he had no other good qualities, as he has a 
great mazxy, muft have made his way into the efleem 
of ail men of letters, by this only ezcdkncy. No 
man is better acquainted with Shajujfear^% taaaaa of 
expnSkxif and indeed he has ftudy*d him fo wd, 
and is lb much a mafter of him, that ndiatcvcr paicof 
his he perf(»ins, he does it as 'if it had been wrkttB 
on puqx>le for him, and that the Author had exaiftlf 
concdv*d it as he j)Iays it. I muft own a paiticalar 
obligadon to him, for the moft confiderable part of the 
paflages relating to thi3 life, which I have here trant 
mitted to the publick -, his veneration for the me- 
mory of Sbakefpear ha\ing engaged him to make a 
journey into tVarwick/hire^ on purpofe to gather up 
what remains he could, of a name for which he had 
fo great a veneration. 


T^e following Jnjlrument was iranfmit^ 
ted to m by John Anftis, Efq^ Garter 
King at Arms : It is markdy G. 1 3. 

P- 349- 

\TI:erc is a(fo a Manufcript in the Heralds 
Office^ marked W. 2. p. 7,^6; ^j;here mtice 
is tiskcn of this Coat^ and that the Perfon to 
^bom it wat granted, had born Magijlravy at 
Stratford upon Avon,] 

TO all and fingular Noble and Gentlemen of all 
Eltatcs and Degrees, bearing Arms, to whom 
thcfe Prelcnts fhall come \ IVdliam Dethkky Ganef 
Principal King of Arms of England^ and fFHUam 
Camden^ alias Clarencieuk^ King of Arms for the 
South, Eaft, and Wtft Parts of this Realm, fend 
Greetings, Know ye> that in all Nations and King- 
doms the Record and Remembrance of the valiant 
Fafts and virtuous Difpofitions of worthy Men havt 
been made known and divulged by certain Shields of 
Arms and tokens of Chivalric \ the Grant or Tefli- 
mony whereof apperteineth untoxjs, by virtue of our 
offices from the Qucen*5 moft Excellent Majcfty, and 
her Highnefs's mofl noble and viif^orious Progenitors : 
Wherefore being foilicired, and by credible Report 
ifkformed, that John Shake/pen^ now of Stratford 
upon /iv<tn in the County of iV^irwick^ Gentleman, 
whoic Great Grandfather for his faithful and approved 
Sorvice to the hcc moft prudent Prince, King fhnry 
VII. of famous Memory, was advanced and rewarded 
with Lands and Tenements, given to him in thofc 
Parts of fV^rrtvuk/hire^ where they hare continued by 
feme Defcents in good Reputation and Credit ; And 
for that the fa;d John Shakefpere having married the 
Daughter and 'one of the Heirs of Robert jlrdcn of 
Vol, I. d IVeU'mgcott 

IViUingccU in the faid County, and alio produced tKj 
his ancient Coat of Arms, hcrrtoiure ailigncd to lum 
whilll he was her Majefty's Officer antj BaihfFot that 
Town. In confit]eranon of the Preniifes, and far the 
Encouragement of his Poflerity, unco whom fuch 
Blazon of Arms and Atchicvcments of Inheritance 
from their f^d Motlier, by the ancient Ciiftom and 
Laws of Arms, may lawfully defcend j We the fawl 
CarUr and Clnrencieufx have affigned, granted, and 
confirmed, and by th;fc Freicnts exemplified unto die 
faid John Sbakefpere^ and to his Pofterity, that Shield 
and Coat of Arms, viz. In a Field of Gold upm a BtrJ 
Sables a Spear of tbe fir^^ the Pchn upivnrd^ he^ 
Argent ; and for his Creft or Cognifance, 4 Faken^ 
with bis iVhigs difplayed^ fiatiding m a fVrscihe cf 
Colours^ pfpporting a Spear amied headed^ er jU^ 
Sih^y fixed upon an Hdmct with Mantles and Ti 
fois, as more plainly may appear depiftcd in tliis M 
gent; And we have likewife mipaJeil the fame with 
ancient Arms of the laid Arden of IVelHjtgcote \ fi_ 
fying thereby, that it may and fliall be lawful for dw 
faid John Sbakefpere^ Gent, to bear and ufe ilie iamc 
Shield of Armsj fingle or impaled, as aforcfaid, dig 
jng his natural Life i and that it fhall be lawful 
his Children, Iffue, and Pofterity, lawfiilly bcgoi 
to bear, ufc, and quarter, and i'hew forth the fa 
with their due Differences, in all lawfitl warlike F 
and civil \Jk or Exercifcsj according to the Laws 
Arms, and Cuftom that to Gentlemen bclongetli, 
without Let or Interruption of any Perion or Per(bit=, 
for ufe or bearing the fame. In Wicnefs and T 
mony whereof we have fuhfcribcd our Names, 
faftiicd the Seals of our Offices. Given at the Office 
of Arms, Lmdm^ the Day of i:i the Forty 
fecond Year of tlic Rtign of our mofl Gracious Sove- 
reign Lady Elizabeih^ by the Grace of God, Queen 
of England^ Frana^ and IrcUndy Defender of 
Faith, {£<:. 1599, 


M E M o R Y of my beloved the A u T h o R, 

And what he hath left us. 

TO draw no etrvy (Shakclpear) on thy Ndmc^ 
Am I thus ample to thy Book, and Fame : 
WbiU I confijs thy writings to be fucb^ 
As neither Man, n&r IMufe can praefe too much, 
*Tis true J and all mens Suffrage, But tbefe wayes 
Were net the pubs I meant unto thy praifc : 
FarfeeUeli Ignorance on tbefe may lights 
fVbicb^ when it founds at beft^ but ecchoes right % 
Or bUnd Affeftion, which doth n^er advance 
y& truth, but gropes^ and urgeth all by chance ; 
Or crafty Malice might pretend this prasfe^ 
And think to ruine^ where it feem*d td raife. 
^ Tbefe are^ as fome infamous Baud^ or fybore^ 
Should praife a Matron. What could hurt her more f 
But thou art proof againft them, and indeed 
Above tV ill fortune oftbem^ or the need. 
/ therefore will begin^ Soul of the Age ! 
The applaufe ! delight I the wonder of our Stage ! 
Afy Slmkeipear rife *, J will not lodge thee by 
Qiaucer, or Spenfer, or bid Beaumont fye 
A St tk further 9 to make tbee a room : 
Tbau art a Monument without a Tomb, 
And art alive ftiUy while thy Book dotb Uve^ 
And we have wits to read^ and praife togive^ 
That I not mix tbee foy my brain excufes ; 
Imeanhntbgrtatj but disproportion* d M\&%: 
For if I thought myjttdpnent iwere of years^ 
I fiidd comnit tbeefurdy with thy Peers, 

d 2 And 

And tell bow far ib&u ds^ mr Lily 4>ut-Jhine^ 
Or/pcrtiijg Kjd, pr Marlow'j mt^kfy Line, 
And though ib&u badft /mail Laiin and irfs Grcck^ 
From thence (q honour sbee^ I wculd not jeck 
For futmes i &u£ call forth thundering ^fchylus, 
Euripides, and Sophocles to ta^ 
Facuvius, Accius, bim of Cordova dead, 

7q Isve agatJ7^ to hear fby Buskin ireadj 

jindjhake a Stage; Or^ when tby Socks tvere^g^ 
Jjeave thee alone for the comparijon 
Ofali^ that infoknt Greece^ or haughty Rome 
Sent forth, or fime did from their ^s come. 
Triumph, my Britain, thQu baji one tofhow^ 
To whom all Scenes of Europe homage owe* 
fie was not of an age, hut for all time i 
And all the Mufcs, JiiUwerein their primif 
f^en like Apollo be came forth to warm 
Oar ears J or like a Mercury to ebarm! 
Nacucc herfelf was proud of his dcfign€«j 
^And py*d to wear the dreffng of bis Lines? 
^Wbich "xere fo richly fpun, and zvoven Jo fa, 
AsyJitJce^ fhe will vouch faft no other wit* 
The mtrry Qi^z^, fart Ariftophanes, 
J<^tat Terctice, v:itly Plautas, no^j;> not pleafe ; 
B^t ajitlquated, and defer ted lye. 
As they were not of l^ttmz's family. 
Tet muji I mt give Nature all: Thy Art, 
My gentle Shakcfpear, muJl enjoy a part ^ 
For tb/^ the Poet*j matter Nattire ^f. 
His Art doth give the Fafhion. And^ (hat i 
IVho cafis to wrrte a living line, muJl fweaf, 
( Such as thine are ) andfirtke the fecond heat 
Upon (he Mufes Anvile \ turn the fame^ 
{ And himjdf with it ) that be thinks to fr 
Or for the Laurel, be m^ gam a fcom^ 
For a good Poct*j made, as well as born* 
Andfueb wert tbou. Look bow the Father's fae^ 
Lives in his JJfue, even fo the race 

of Shakefpear*/ mind ofid mamurs irigbilj/ Jtims 

In bis well tomedj and iruefiid lines : 

In each of which hefeems to fiake a Lance ^ 

As brattdifl>*d at the eyes of Ignorance. 

Sweet Swan of Avon ! what ajighi it were 

^ofee thee in our water yet appear^ 

And make thofe flights itpon the Banks tf Thames, 

Tiatfi did take Eliza, and tmr James ! . 

Butjiay^ I fee thee in the Hcmifphcre 

Advan?dy and made a Conftellation there ! 

Shine forth^ thou Siarre of Poets, and with rage. 

Or influence, chide, or cbear the drooping Stage, 

Wticb^fince thy flight from hence, hath mourned like nighty 

Andi^irsday^ butfaf iby Volume'i Rgbt, 

Ben. Johnson. 



Several Editions of Shake/pear % P]ayi> 
whether feparace or together, made 
uie ofj and collated for this Editicm 
by Mr. Pope and Mr. Warburtm. 

MR. WWiam Sbakejpear^s Comedies, I£ftoria 
and Tragedies, publilh'd according to the 
O/i^nal Copies, the firft Edition in Folio, 1623. 

The iecond ImprefCon in Folio, of 1632. 

The Third Impreflion in Folio, of 1664. 

A Midfuntmer Night* s dreame. As it hath been 
fundry Times publikely acted, by the Right HonouF- 
able the Lord Chambcrlaine his Servants. Written 
by fFiUiam Shakefpeare. Imprinted at Londm for 
Thomas Fifiefy and are to be foulde at his Shoppe at 
the Signe of die White Hart in Fleetftrecce, 1600. 

fie fame. Printed by James Roberts^ 1600. 

A moft plea&unt and excellent conceited Comedie 
of Syr John Falftaffey and the merry Wives of 
JVindfar. Entermixed with fundrie variable and 
pleafirg humors of Syr Hugh the Welch Knight, 



J-uftice Shallow, and his wife Coufin M. Slender, 
With the fwaggcring Vaine of Aundent Ptfioll, and 
Corporall Nym, By PVtlUam Sbakefpeare, As it hath 
bene divers times aftcd by the right Honourable my 
Lord ChambcrJain*s Servants : both before her Ma- 
jcftie, and elfewhere. London : Printed by T, C, for 
jiritmr Jobnfon, and are to be fold at his Shop in 
Powles Churchyard at ihe Signe of the Flower de 
Leufe and the Crowne, 1602. (Quarto, ) 

A moft pleafant and excellent conceited Comedy 
of Sir John Falftaffe, and the Merry Wives of IVind* 
for, wth the fwaggering Vain of Ancient Piftol an4. 
Corporal Nym, printed for Arthur Johnfon,- l6i9» 

The Merry Wives of Windfor. With the Yiyx- 
mours of Sir John Falftaffe i as alfo the fwaggering 
Vaine of Andent PiftoU, and Corporal Nym. Written 
by William S bake/pear e^ newly correfted. London : 
Printed by T. //. for R. Meighen, and arc to be fold 
ac lus Shop, next to the Kiddie temple Gate, and 
in St. Dunfian*& Churchyard in Fleetfireet, 1630. 

Much adoe about Nothing, As it hath been fundrie 
times publickly aded by the right honourable the 
Lord Chamberlaine his Servants. Written by Wil- 
Bam Sbakejpeare, London: Printed by V, S, for 
Andrew li4fe zndi WilUam Jfplef^ 1600. (Quarto,) 

The excellent Hiftory of the Merchant of Vefdee^ 
with the eiaream Cruelty of Shylock the Jew to- 
ward the f^d Merchant, in cutting a juft Pound of 
his Fkfh, and the obtambg of Portia by the choice 
of three Caskets. Printed by J. Roberts, 1600, 

Another Edition of the fame, printed by J, R. 
for no, Heyes, in the fame Year (the 36th of his 

d 4 The 


The cxcclleot Hiftory of the Mcrchanc of FitmU. 
ATVith the extream Cruelty of Sbylock the Jew ; vd 
the obtaining of Pertia by the Choice of three Cm' 
Icecs As it hath been fundn* times puhlikdjr afted 
by the King's Majctlies Servants at the Globe. 
\V ritten by IK Sbakejpearc, Xewly iUH e Od i, 
augmented, and arr.ended. Lsndoa: printed br 
R, 2'6u/^ for Jchx Srmsbmcke, and are to be fiin 
at his Shop in St. Dunjlarts Churchyard in Fbehfintt^ 
under the Dyall, 1637- {^drte,) 

A plcaiont conceited Comedy called L0va L^ 
hour li/ftj as it was prefcnted before her 
this Ult ChriilmASy newly corrected and au^ 
by UlULim Sbskcf:!C::r. Imprinted at Lenjm by 
IV, JV, fur Cuikri Buriy, 1 -9S. 

Levi's Luicur^s kji. A wiciie and plca&ntGo- 
medie ; as it was aclcd by his M^elties Servants 
at the PLck-Fritrs and the Gkie. Written by 
fyaUcm Sbtikejp'crg, L&ndcn : Pnnted by IPl S.m 
Jcbfi Smetb^Ukiy and are to be fckl at his Sh^ in 
St. Diihficnes Churchyard under the I^aU» i6ji« 

A plcalant conceited Hiilory called ne Timing 
cf a Sbrcu\ as it kith been fundry tinics aded fay 
the Right Honourable the Earl of Pembroke htt 
Servants. Printed at LcxdiM by P\ S. for NkK 
LtHgy 1607. There is Icarce a line of dw die 
fame with the prcfcnt Play, yet the Plot and Sdc- 
nary Icarce diitcr ar all from ir. i (hou'd think k 
not written by Slf^itjpi^ir ; but there are 
Speeches fin one or two Scenes only^ the 
And we have tiiere the conclufion of the Play, wUch 
is manifciliy wanting in all the fubfequent Edkionfiy 
as well as the latter part of the laft Act, maoifeftlv, 
better, and clear of that impertinent Pkx)lisiry whim 
is in the common Editions. 



A wirty and plcafanc Comcdie called, Tii *Tam^ 
ing of the Shrr^, As it was adcd i^ his Ma- 
jelbes Servants at the Blacke-Friers and the Gl&^^^ 
Written by f/^;/A Sbakefpeari. London: Prmted by 
/^. S. for J&hn Snuibwtch^ and are to be fold at his 
Shop in St. Duttjl&nes Churchyard under the Dial!, 
1631. {S^uartQ.) 

Mr. WtUiam Shakefptar his true Cronick Hiftory 
of the Life and Deach of King Lear and his three 
Daughters with the unfortunate Life of Edgar Son 
and Heir to the Earl of Giome/ier^ and tiis fullcn and 
affuiued humour of Tom a Bedlam, A3 it was 
pbyM before the King*s Majefly at fVbitehall upOR 
St. Stiphm Night in Chrifttms Hotydays, By His 
Majefty's Servants playing ufually at the Gl&bt on 
the Bank fide. Printed for !^a£b. Biitkr^ 160S. 

Mr. IViliiam Shakefpart^ his true Chronicle Hi- 
Aory of tlie Life and Dcarh of King L^ar and fiis 
^H Daughters, With the Unfortunate Urf e of Md- 
gar^ Sonne and Heire to die Earle of Ghciflcr^ and 
his fuUcn aiTonncd humour of Tom of Bediam. As it 
was pbid before the King's Majefty at fVbit-haH 
upon S. SupbiTts night, in Chrijimas HoJHdaies. By 
his Majrftks Servams, playing ufually at the Globe 
on the Bank-Jide, London, Printed by Jmte BcU^ and 
are to be fold at the Eaft-end o^ Chrfjl-cbureb^ 1655. 

The firfl: Part of the croublefome Reign of John 
King of Englajidy with the Difcovery of Richard 
Ccrdciion*% Bafc Son, vulgarly cali'd the Baftard Faw^ 
cs?jlrruige. Aifo the Death of King John at Swnjlead~ 
Abbey ; as it was fundry times publiquely a£led by 
the Queen's Majefty's Players in the lionourable Citty 
ot Lo7jihru imprinted at London (or Sampfrn Clarke^ 
jEbld at his Shop the Back-fide of the Royal Ex- 
change, 1591. f^^/tf.) 




The ffcond Part of the troubidb.-ne Rc^ of 
Johft King of Ejgglandy contcyimsg cfae Deuh d 
Jnbur Piantagenet^ the bndjng of L^wts^ aid 
th^ poyfoning oi King J^ at Swa^Umd-AHief, 
As it was £5f< Imprimcd &c, 159*- (^f^o^»>) 

I'he firft and Itcood Part of the axmbldbafie 
Raignc of John King of EffgiaxJ, Wkh the diica> 
veric of King Riibard C^dHm*% Bale Sonne 
gariy named, the Bafbard Fmocexiridge : ) alfi^ 
Death of King J^bft at ^touj/ledJ-Amry. As 
were ( fundry tknes I lately afted by the Qi 
Majdlries Players. Written by B^. Sb. Im[ 
at l^ndon by Vaknsim Simmu for 7^* Hfjne^ 
are to be fold at hjs Shop in 5c. Dimfi^tu Churchi 
in HutefirtHy 161 k {^arts.) 

Ths Sami, As they were ( fundry times } h 
aaed. Written by ff^. Sbaktjpeare. LoaitB^ Pi 
by Aug. Matbtwis for Tb^mas Dewiy jiod are to 
fold ai [us Shop in St. Dut^snes Churchyard in 
ftrtet^ 162Z. (Quarto.) 

Ihe Tragedy of King Ricbtxri tbi Secxmd^ 
it hath been publickiy adtcd by the Ri^ Honour- 
able the Lord Cbaniberlain his Serraius. By ^tt- 
tism Sbokijpior, Printed by VaUnUnt Shtsms for 
AniroD IVtft^ 1598. (the 34ih Year of Sbakejpear^% 

The Samtt *ith new Additions, of the Parlia^ 
Hienc Scoic, and the depofing of King JiUbarJ^t 
As it haih been kiely aded by the King's Majefty^^ 
Servants at the Glci>f, By /K Sbaktjptar, Printed 
by H\ tV, for Matthew LaWj i6o8» and again 

1 he Life and Death of King Richard the Second. 
With new Additions of the Parliamasi Scene, and 
tJic Depofmg of King Ricbard^ As it hath beenc 
iaed by the King's Majclbes Servants* at the GM^, 



-m t 


By fVilliam Sbakefpeare, London^ Printed by Johj^ 

The Hiftory of hinry the ^h^ with the Battle At 
Shrewsbury^ between the King and Lord Henry 
Piercy^ Sirnamed Henry Hoifpur oF the North, 
With the humourous Conceits of Sk John Faijiaffe, 
newly correftcd by H^tlUam Shake/pear. Pnnced by 
P. S. iot Andrew ff^ffy 1599, Quarto, his a^th 

7ie Same. Printed in 1 604. 

yjtf Same, Printed for Matthew Law^ (^e, in 
'1608, Quarto. 

^e Same. London, Printed by T, P, and are to 
be fold by Mathnv Lawe^ dwelling in Pauls Church- 
yard, at rhc Sign of the Foxe neere S. ^ujiine^s Gate, 
1622. i^arto.) 

Tlie Hiftorie of Hepify the Fourth : With the 
Battel at Shrrimbury^ bctweene the King and Lord 
Henry Percy^ furnamed He^try Helfpur of the North, 
With the humorous Conceits of Sir John Faljlaffe, 
Newly corrected^ by IVilliam Shake-fpeare, London^ 
Primed by John Norton^ and are to be Ibid by Hugh 
Pcrry^ at his Shop next to Ivic-bridge in the 
Strand, 1639. {^arto,} 

Tht Second Part of Henry the ^th^ containing 
to his Death and Coronation of Henry the 5 th. 
With the Humours of Sir John Fafftaffe and fwag- 
gering Piftd. As it hath been fundry Ttmes pubiickly 
a£bed by the Right Honourable the Lord Cham- 
berlain his Servants, Written by IFilliam Shake- 
^ar. Printed by K S. for Andrew IVife and Wd- 
liam Afpley^ 1600, Quarto, f the 36th Year of his 

The Croniclc Hiftory of Henry the 5/i', with hi* 
Bacde fought at Agincourt in France^ Together 
wi^h Ancient PiJioL As it hath been fundry times 


T A B L & 

pb^ bj the R%h£ Honourable the Lord Cham- 
boiw't Serrancs. Piinted by Tb^. Otde for 72^. 
JffffmfwS x6oo. 

AmbiT^ Priwcd for f. /*. 1608, Qimto, Th< 
EiSDom are Ihorc hi many Scenes and Speecht 
aod trant the Chorus's ; whkh ( with 0iany 
nobie Iiuprovcmeoes ) were fince added by 
AodvK*, nor above 8 Yean befort his D^th. 
was one of the bit Plays he finiOi'd, a confiden 
time after Hcmj die 6th had been "writteD and 
See the Epilogue of Hcmj fch. 

Henry the 6tb^ firft Printed under this 
The whole Contention between the two 
Houfe, Lsncaficr and York : With the Tra^< 
Ends 6f the good Duke Humphry, Rsdard Dul 
of Terk^ and Kir^ Hrmy the Sixth : divided ini 
two parts* and newly corrcfted and inlarged. 
ten fc^ ff^. ShakifpeaTy Gent, Printed at 
T. -P. (without a dace) Quano. 

This was the firil Sketch only of the pri 
fccofid and third Parts of Henry the Sixth \ w] 
were fince gready inlarged, and the Poetry improvcdi 
the Scenary v/as much the fame as at prefent* 

Since iTinied under the fame Xille by ^V^ 
for Tbo, MillifjpGn^ with the true Tragedy of 
cijard D. of Tork, and the Death of good Kii 
H^ry the 6th, afted by the Earl of Pembroke 
Serv^ts, 1600. * 

The Tragedy of King Richard the Third, Coc 
tuning his treacherous Plots ^ainft his Broth( 
Clarence: the ptttiefuU Murther of his innocent N< 
phewes : his tyrannical Ufuipatjon ; with the wliol 
Courfc of his deteftcd life, and mod defei 
Death. As it hath bcenc lately acted by the 
Right Honourable the Lord Chambcrlaine lus Ser- 
vants, at LmdoH. Printed by ValeiJine Sims^ fof 

T A B L E: 

Andrew Wtfty dwelling in Pauii^% Chureh-y»rd, ac 
the Signe of the Angeil, 1597. {Quartet. ) 

The Sam. fiy /^^ Stahjpioriy Printed by tbo. 
Odd, lor Andrew iVife^ i^^^. (^ano.) 

Tb€ Sam. Newly augmented, by fViUmm Skakf^ 
Jpiart. Lsndm^ Printed by ^bmas Cnedg^ f^c. 
J 602. (^arto.) 
Hfi Same m i6j2. 

The Tragcdie of King Richard t\it Third. Con- 
yning his treacherous Plots againft his firodier 
'icreiue : The pittifiiJl Murder of his innocent: Ne- 
wts : his tyrannical Urarpacion : with the whole 
ourfe of his detcftcd Life, and mojt delcrved Death* 
s it hath been lately afted by the King*s Ma- 
les Servants, ^3ewly augaienCed . By fVtliiam 
ahfpearc. London^ Priritcd by Thomas Furfo&t^ 
d arc to be fold by Mathew Law^ dwelling in 
^auls Churchyard at tlie Signe of the Fox^^ ncer© 
, Jujiine*% Gate, 1624. {QnartQ.) 
Th< Same. Printed by y^^n Norton^ and arc to be 
Id by Aftf/^«tJ L*m», &c. 1629, {^iario,) 
f he Same. Printed by JohnNortm^ 1634, f.^/^r/p,) 
The moft lamentable Tragedy o(Ti/us Andronictu, 
& k hath been fundry times played by the King*s 
ajcfty's Servants. Printed for Ed'W, IFbitc^ 16 ti. 
It appears from B, Johnfon'% Jndtf^ion fa Bartb&L 
h^^ffr diat this Play was of 25 Years {landing, in the 
^Hcar 1614, fo that if it was Shake/pear's^ it muft 
^Hjive been writ in the 2 5th Year of his Age. 
^" The famous Hiltory of ItqUus and Creffeida^ tx^ 
cellently expreffing the beginning of their t^vcs, with 
the conceited wooing of Pandarns Prince of Lycia, 
Written by WilL Sbakejpear. Imprinted by C. Eld^ 
Ibr R, Bonian znd H. If' alley ^ 1609, Quarto, with a 
Preface of the PubJilhcr. ( This was 8 Years before 
his Death.) 



TAf Sam€^ as it was a6tcd by the Kmg's Mi- 
jcfly^s Servants at the Ghbe. Printed by che (ame. 

An excellent conceited Tragedy of Rome^ astd Ju* 
Uet. As it hath been often with great Applaufe play'd 
publickly, by the Right Honourable tne Lord of 
Hufffd$n his Servants. London^ Printed by JUv 
Dmifer, iS97^ Quarto. 

The moft excellent and lamentable Tragedy of 
Romeo and Jutiet^ newly corre^ed* augmented, 
amended. As it hath been fundry times publidd] 
a6led by the Right Honourable rhe Lord Chan:iberJ 
Iain his Servants. Printed by *Tbo, Crede^ for Cui 
hert Eurbyy 1599* Quarto. 

The mofl excellent and lamentable Tragedy oi 
mto and Juliet. As it hath been fundry times 
bckly aftcd by the Kings Majefties Servants 
Glcht. Written by W, Shake-jp^are. Newly 
redled, augmented and amended, hondony pnni 
by /?, Toung for John Smdhwkk^^ and are to be fold 
at his Shop in St. Dunftam Churchyard in FUeifirttt^^ 
under the Dyall, 16^7. (^ario.) w^ 

The Tragical Hillory of HamUt Prince of Denmark, 
By ly. Shakffienr, Newly imprinted and cnlarg'd tO 
almofl as much again as it was, according to the truft, 
and perfect Copy. Printed by J. R. for N. L. 160^ 

The Tragedy of HamUf Prince of Deumariy p< 
ly imprinted and enlarged according to the true and 
pcrfed Copy lately Pnnted. Printed by /^. S. for 
John Smttiywicb^ 1 6 1 1 , 

»i The Tragedy of Hamlet Prince of Dtumarl 
Ncwjy imprinted and iniarged, according to the 
and perfect Copy laft printed* By M'illiam Sht 
fpesre. Jjmd^^n^ printed by K. T^ui^e for Jabk 
Smeih%^'ieke, ijc. 1637. (^joric,) 






The Tragedy of OtbeUo^ the Moor of Venice. As 
it hath been divers times aftcd at the Globe^ and at 
the Black Fry or s^ by his Majefty's Servants. Writ- 
ten by WiU, Shake/pear. Publilhed by Tho, Walkefy^ 
Quarto, (foon after bis Death, as appears by the 

The Trag£edy of Othello^ the Moore of Vemce. 
As it hath bccne diverfc times aftetl at the Glohe^ and 
at the Black- Friers^ by his Majefties Servants. Writ^ 
ten by fVillicm Shakefpenre. Lcndon^ Printed by 
N. O. for Tbcmas fValkleyy and are to be fold at his 
Shop, at the Eagle and Child in BriUan's Burffe^ 
1622. (Quarto,) 

The Tragedy of Ofhelloy the Moore of Venice. 
As it hath been divcrfe times a(5ted at the Globe^ and 
at the Black-Friers^ by his Majefties Servants. Writ- 
ten by fPi/liam Sbakejpeare. London^ printed by 
^. M. for Richard Hawkins^ and arc to b>e fold 
at his Shoppe in Chancery- Lane^^ neere Serjeants- 
Inne, 1630. (^ario,) 

It famed Doe amiis to introduce the following Obttf' 
vatkxis wth one general Critidfm on our Audior^s 
IDnunatkk Worlcs, by dividing them into four 
CkdTcsy and fo g^vii^ an eftimate of each PI^ 
reduced to its proper Clafs. 

C O M E D I E $• 

Class I. 

i fempeji. Vol. i. 

2 Merry Wives of Windfor, Vol. i- 

3 Meafure for Meafure. Vol. i. 

4 Merchant of Venice. Vol. 2. 

5 Twelftb-KigbL Vol 3. 

Class II, 

1 Mdfunmer-Nigbt^s Dream, Vol. 1, 

2 Much Ado about Nothing, Vol. 2. 

3 jis you Uke it. Vol. 2. 

4 Ms well that ends -m-dL Voh 5. 

5 fHnter*s Tale. Vol. 3. 

Class III. 

1 Twtf Gentlemen cf Verona. VoJ. i, 

2 Love's Labour's Lofl. Vol. 2. 

Class IV. 

1 Taming of the Shrew, Vol. 2. 

2 Cmeiy of Errors, Vol 3, 



Class L 

1 Hcniy IV. Part i Vol 4. 

2 Henry IV. Part a. Vol. 4. 

3 King Lear. Vol. 6. 

4 M^rcbcth. Vol. 6. 

5 Julius Caslar. Vol. 7. 

6 Hamlet, Vol. 8. 

7 OthcDo. Vol. 8. 

V Class IL 

1 JCffly John. Vol. 3. 

2 Henry V. Vol. 4. 

3 Richard III. Vol. 5. 

4 Henry VIII. Vol. 5. 

5 Timon ^ Athens. Vol. 6. 

6 Anthony and Qeopatra. Vol. 7. 

7 Cymbelinc. Vol. 7. 

Class III. 

1 Richard II. Vol. 4. 

2 Coriolanus. Vol. 6. 

3 Troilus and Creffida. Vol. 7. 

4 Romeo and Juliet. Vol. 8. 

Class IV. 

1 Henry VI. Part i. Vol. 4. 
i Henry VI. Part 2. Vol. 5. 
3 Henry VI. P^r/ 3. Vol, 5. 
4. Titus Andronicus. Vol. 6. 

The Comedies and Tragedies in the laft Clafi are 
crcainly not of Shakefpear. The moft that can be 
ikl of them is, that he has, here and there, correded 
he diak^;uej and now and then added a Scene. Ic 
oay be juft worth while to obferve, in this place, that 
he whole firft Aft of PJetcher's Two Noble Kin/men 
ras wrote by Shakefpear^ but in his worft manner. 

c THE 



Vot. I. 


Dramatis Perfona?. 

A LONSO, King of Naples. 

Scbaftian, h/s Brother, 

Prolpcro, the rigbtful Duke o/M\\2n, 

Anthonio, bis Broiher^ tbe ufurping Duke ff/'Milaai 

Ferdinand, Sen So tbe King e/" Naples. 

Gon/alo, an bonefi cldCounfelkr ^Naples. 

Adrian, > r j 

: \ Lords. 
rrancjico, > 

Caliban, a Salvage, mid deformed Slave. 

Trinculo, n Jejler. 

Stephano, a drunken Butter. ^ " 

Mafter of a Sbip^' Bbatf*usdm^ wii Mariners. 

Miranda, Daughter to Proipero. 

Ariel, an aiery Spirit. 


Ceres, ^ 
Juno, S Spirits^ 

NymphSy \. 

tat*ers. J 

entpkfd in the Mafiji«. 


Other Spirit Sy attending on Profpero. 

S C E N E, .fe uninhabited IJUmi. 





On a Ship at Sea. 

A iempeftuous noife of thunder and Ugbtmng beard i 
Enter a Sbip-mafter, and a Boatjwain, 



Boaif. Here, Maftcr : what cheer ? 

Maft. Good, ipeak to th' mariners : fidl 
to't yarely, or we run our felves a-ground ; 
bcftir, beftir. [£w/. 

Enter Mariners. 

Boatf. Hey, my hearts j cheerly, my hearts ; yare^ 
yare ; take in the top-fail ; tend to th' mafter's wluftle % 
bbw, *till thou burft thy wind, if room enou^. 


1 The fempeji.l Thefe two firft Plays, the Timpefl and the 
Mid/ummer-ttigbfs Dreantt are the nobleft Efforts of chat fublime 
and amazing Imagination, peculiar to Shake/pear, which foan 
above the Bounds of Nature without Ibrfaking Senfe: or, mors 
properly^ carries Nature along with him beyond her eftablilhed 
limits. Flitcber fccms particularly to have admired thefe two 

B 2 P]«yi» 


7^^ Tempest, 

Mnier Alonfo, Scbaftiarij Anthonb, Ferdinand, 
Gonzalo, and ethers* " 

jUcn. Good Boatfwain, have care: whcre*$ the 
tnaftcr? play the men. 

Boat/, I pray now, keep below, 

j^nt. Where is die mafter, boaclwain ? 

Boaif. Do you not hear him ? you mar our labour 
keep your cabins j you do aflill the ftorm. 

Gcnz, Nay, good, be patient, 

B^atf. When the fea is. Hence — what care th- 
Roarers for the name of King? to cabin ; filem 
trouble us not. 

Gonz. Good* yet remember whom thou haft aboard, 

Bmif. None, that. I more love than my felf. You 
are a counfcUor ; if you can command thcfe dem 
to filence, aj^d work the peace o*t]ie prerent, we 
rot hand a rope more ; ufe your audiority* If y 
cannot, give dianks you have Iiv*d fa long, and m 
your ielf ready in your cabin for the mifthance of 
hour, if it fo hap. Chccrly, good hearts : out of 
way, I fay. [£ 

Gonz. I have great comfort from this feUow i 
thinks, he hath no drowning mark upon him ; his 
plexion is perfuL^ gdfows. Stand faH, good fete, 
his hanging ; make the rope of his deftiny our 
for our own doth litde advantage : if he be rot bom 
to be hang'd, our cafe is miferable, [Ex^iinL 

Play*, and hr^tli wrote rwo in ImitatJon of them, the Sro'^^ 
and ihc fuithfuiS^ephtrJeji* But when he prefomcj to br 
l>ance with ^hakr/p^ttr^ and write in emiiladon of him, as he 
h\ tht Fttij* e*.f, which is the Rival of Anthony and QtecfairA 
\\ not fo (ucct'^ful. Aficr him, Sir John SuikUng and Mi 
caichrd the brSghtcft Fire of iheir Imagination from ihefe 
Pliiyj J which ihino fantailically indeed, in ihe Ceit/in, 
Sfiuch more nobly md fcicndy in flff Mask at Liidio*iv-Caf 


72>e Tempest. 

Re-enter Boafjwain. 

Boatf. Down with the top-maft : yare, lower, lower ; 
bring her to try with main-courfe. A plague upon this 
howling !' 

Aery mtlnn. Re-enter Sebaftian, Anthonio, and 

they are louder than the weather, or our office. Yet 
ag^? what do you here? fhall we give o'er, and 
drown ? have you a mind to fink ? 

Seb, A pox o' your throat, you bawling, bjaf- 
phemous, uncharitable dog. 

Boatf. Work you then. 

Alt, Hang, cur, hang; you whore(bn, infblent, 
noxfcmaker ; we are Icfi afraid to be drown'd than 
thou art. 

G0tz, ril warrant Wm from drowning, tho* the 
fhip were no ftronger than a nut-fhell, and as leaky afl 
«n unftanch'd wench. 

Boatf, Lay her a-hold, a-hold \ let her two courfes 
off to fea again, lay her off. 

Enter Mariners tev/. 

Mar. All loft ! to prayers ! to prayers ! allloft I [Exe, 

Boatf. What, muft our mouths be cold ? 

G&HZ, The King and Prince at pray'n ! let us aflift 
For our cafe is as theirs. 

Seb, Pm out of patience. [kards. 

Ant. We're mccrly cheated of our lives bv drun- 
TWs widc-chopt rafcal 'Would, thou might*ft lye 

The waflung of ten tides ! 

Gww. Hc*ll be hang'd yet, 
Thoi^ every drop of water (wear againft it, 
And gape at wid'ft to glut him. 

B 3 A 

^e Tempest. 

A eonfufed noife witbinJ] Mercy on us ! 
We fplit, we i^lit ! Farewel, my Wife and Childzen! 
Brother, farewel ! we fplit, we Iplit, wc fplit I 
Jnt. Let's all fink vnth. the King. [Exit. 

Seb, Let's take leave of him. [Exit, 

Conz, Now would I give a thoufand furlongs of 
fea for an acre of barren ground, *■ long heath, brown 
furze, any thing ; the wills above be done, but I 
would fain die a dry death ! [Esit, 


Changes to a Part of the IncbofUei IJland near tbe^ 
Cell of Profpero. 

Enter Profpero and Miranda. 

Mira. * TF by your art (my dcareft father) «yoi| 

■*• have 
Put the wild Waters in this roar, allay them : 
The sky, it feems, would pour down flinking {utchy 
But that the fea, mounting to th' welkin's cheek, 
Dafhes the fire out. O ! 1 have fuffer'd 
With thofe that I faw fufFcr : a brave veflel 
(Who had, no doubt, fome noble creatures in her) 
Dafli'd all to pieces. O the cry did knock 
Againfl my very heart : poor fouls, they perifh'd! 
Had I been any God of Pow'r, I would 
Have funk the fea within the earth ; or ere 
It Ihould the good fhip fo have fwallow'd, and 
The fraighting fouls within her. 

2 iomg beatb^'l This is the common name for tlte #r/V# 

hacciftra ; which the Oxfird Editor not under Aandiiig, coojrc- 
tared that Sbakefptar wrote, —^ Heath : But» unludolyf 
Heath and Liug are but two words for the fame plant. 

3 !/hj°^^ '''•'. &c. ] Nothing was ever better contrived to 
inform the Audience of the Story than this Scene. It is a con- 
verfation chat could not have happcntd before, and could not but 
happen now. 


7^e Te m p est. ^ 

Pro. Be colIc6tpd ; 
No more amazement 5 tell your piteous hear^ 
There's no harm done, 
Mira. O wo the day ! 

Pro. No harm. •* 

1 have done nothing but in care of thee, 
(Qf thee my dear one, thee my daughter) who 
Art ignorant of what thou art, nought knowing 
Of whence I am -, nor that I am more better 
Than Projperoy matter of a full-poor cell. 
And thy no greater fether, ; 

Mira, More to know 
I^ never meddle with my thoughts. 

Pro. *Tis rime, 
I fhould inform thee ^her« Lend thy hand. 
And phick my ma^ck garment from me : lb ! 

[Lays down bis mmik. 
Lye there my Art. Wipe thou thine eyes, have 

The direful fpeftade of the wreck, whkh touch'd 
■♦ The very virtue of compaffion in thee, 
I have with luch provifion in mine art 
So iafeiy order'd, that there's no foul loft. 
No, not fo much perdition as an hair, 
Bedd to any CTeature in the veflel down ; 

Which thou heard'ft cry, which thou law'fl fink: fit 
For thou muft now know farther. 

Mira. You have often 
Begun to tell me what I am, but flopt, 

4 Th£ vify Virtue 9/ ctmpajfhn in ibett ] We maft not think 
that the mtry Virtnt was incended to (hew the degret of her com- 
psffion, but the kind. Compaffion for other's Misfortunes ofteneft 
arifes from a fenfe or apprehension of the like. And then it it 
SpKpaihy, not Virtue, rnio' the want of it may be efteemed vicious 
as ariiing from a degeneracy of Nature, which cannot happen but 
by oar own &alt. Now the Compaffion of Miranda, who never 
ventured to Sea, not being of this kind, Shakejfear with great pro* 
priety calls ic the *6ery Virtue, 1. <• the real pore Virtue of CW* 

9 4 Aid 

8 72iJ T E M P E S T. 

And left me to a bootleis inquifition % 

Concluding, AV/iy; not yet." 

Pro. The hour's now come. 
The very minute bids thee ope thine car ; 
Obey, and be attentive. Canft thou remember 
A time, before we came unto this cell ? 
I do not think, thou canft ^ for then thou waft not 
Out three years old, 
Mira. Certainly, Sir, I can. 
Pro. By what ? by any other houfe, or perfon? 
Of any thing the image tell me, that 
Hath kept in tliy remembrance, 

Mira, 'Tis far off; 
And rather like a dream, tlmn an afTurance 
That my remembrance warrants. Had I not 
Four, or five, women once, that tended mc ? 

Pro. Thou hadft, and more, 7l/f>'^?Wa : but how is it* 
That this lives in thy mind ? what feeft thou clfe 
In the dark back-ward and abyfme of time ? 
If thou remembcr'ft aught, ere thou cam'ft here 5 
How thou cam'ft here, thou may'ft. 
Mira, But that I do not. 

Pro. *Tis twelve years lirxc, Miranda j twelve 
years fincc. 
Thy father was the Duke of Mi'Uiny and 
A Prince of Pow'r. 

Mira. Sir, are not you my father? 
Pro. Thy mother was a f'lcce of virtue, and 
She faid, thou waft my daughter ; and thy father 
Was Duke of Milcn^ and iiii only heir 
A Princtfs, no worfc itru'ci. 

Mira. O the heav'rs ! 
What foul play had we, that \vc came from thence ? 
Or blefled was't, we did ? 

Pro. Both, both, my girl : 
By foul play (as thou fav'ft; wci-c we hca^■'d thtnce -, 
But bkftcdly help'd hi-her. 


"The Tempest. 

Jfcffrtf. O, my heart bleeds 
To think o*th* tcene that I have tum*d you to. 
Which is from my remembrance. Pleafe you, farther. 

Pro. My brother, and thy uncle, call'd -^»/imi>—— 
I pray thee, mark me ; — (that a brother ihould 
Be fo perfidious ! ) he whom next thy felf 
Of ail the world I lov*d, and to him put 
The manage of my ftatc ; (as, at that time. 
Through all the fignories it was the firft; 
And Proffero the prime Duke, being fo reputed 
In dignity ; and for the liberal arts, 
"Widiout a parallel ; thofe being all my iludy :) 
The government I caft upon my brother. 
And to my ftate grew ftranger \ being traniported. 
And rapt in iecret ftudies. Thy falfc unclc-^— 
(Doft thou attend me ? ) 

Mira. Sir, moft heedfidly. 

Pro. Bring once pcrfefted how to grant fuits. 
How to deny them ; whom t'advancc, and whom 
* To tralh for over-topping ; new-created 
The creatures, that were mine ; I fay, or chang'd *cntv 
Or elfc new form'd *em ; ha^nng both the key 
Of officer and office, fet all hearts i'th* ftatc 
To what tune ple'as'd his ear; that now he was 
The ivy, which had hid my princely trunk, [not. 
And fuoct my verdure out on't.— — * Thou attend'ft 

Mira. Good Sir, I do. 

Pro. I pray thee, mark me then, 
I thus neglefting worldly ends, all dedicated 
To clofenefi, and the bettering of my mind. 
With that which, but by bring fo retired, 
0*er-priz'd all popular rate, in my £die brother 

' 5 To trafi> ] fignifies to cut away the trafli or faperflnidei ; 
a? • tQ top, fignifies, to cat off the top. The Oxford Editor alters 
it to pf^, not coniideriiig that topmfl* fignifics to bind and com* 
plicate branches together, and fo ii only tued tofignify the drefiing 
and pleating of anlicdge. 


20 T^e T B M P E S T, 

Awaked an evil rucure ; and my trufV, 

like a good parent, did beget of him 

A felfhood in its contrary as great 

As my tmft was ; which bad, indeed, no limit, 

A confideAce fani bound* He being thus lorded, 

Not only with what my Revenue yielded. 

But what my power might elie exaft ^ ; like one. 

Who having, unco truth, by telling ofr^ 

Made fuch a finner of his memory, 

To credit his own lie, he did believe 

He wasj indeed, the Dukc^ from fubftitution, 

And executing th' outward face of royalty. 

With all prerogative. Hence his amtfldon growing- 

Doft thou hear ? 

Mira. Your tale, Sir, would cure dea&efs. 

Pro, To have no fcreen between this part he pi 
And him he plaid ic for, he needs will be 
Abfolutc Milan. Mc, poor man !^ my libn 
Was Dukedom large enough -, of temporal roy; 
He thinks me now incapable : confederates 
(So dry he was for fway) wi* th* King of Naples 

6 ' lih ene 

Jfha h^viMg IVTO trarh hy teiiing ofit^ 
f4aii f»^h a Sinner of l-h memerj^ 
T^ tridit his otvn lif] The corrupted reading of ihe 
tine has rendered thk beautiful Sinitlitud^ quite isninteJHgible. 
what i& Ths^ifrg into /rwM] ? or what dotli [//J refer ti>l DOI » 
[truth'], becaufc if he f&/d truth he couW never rrfiiii a iif, 
yet there is RO other corrdadve to which [i>] can belong, 
1 rtad aad paiA( it thus, 

^^— ^^— — r r iikf ant 

Wh9 having t unto fntth^ h f^^^i^g OFT, 

Miidt futh a StMrnr of hit mtmory^ 

T0 trtdit hii onvn iit, 
J. t. by often repeating (be fame Story, mide his memorT 
fuch a Sinner Knt9 truth :is to give credit to hid own iie. 
mirerablf dflufion 10 which Scory-tetlcft aie firquenily fulji 
The Oxford Bdilor having, by thii Cor«flion» been let two 
S^ofe ol the PifTagc, gi^es us thU Scnfc in his oik n Word*, 

Who /a^i»g en uaitutk, and itUtngi 9/tp 

T^e Tempest. i i 

To j^ve him annual tribute, do him homage 5 
Subjeft his coronet to his crown ; and bqipd 
The Dukedom, yctunbow*d, (alas, poor Mkm!) 
To moft ignoble flrooping, 

Mra. Otheheav'ns! 

Pro. Mark his condition, and th* event j then tell me. 
If this might be a Brother? 

Mira. I fhould fin. 
To think but nobly of my grand-mother j 
' Good wombs have bore bad fons. 

Pro. Now the condition : 
Tlus King of N^les^ being an enemy 
To me inveterate, hearks my brother's fuit ; 
Which was, that he in lieu o*th* premifes, 
Of homage, and I know not how much tpbute. 
Should prefently extirpate me and mine 
Out of me Dukedom ; and confer fair Mikn^ 
With all the honours, on my brother. Wh^toa 
A treacherous army levy'd, one mid-night 
Fated to th' purpoie, did jintbonio open 
The gates of Milan \ and, i'th' dead of darknds» 
The minifters for die purpofe huBry*d thcnc^ 
Me, and thy crying fdf. 

Mira, Alack, for pity ! 
I, not remembring how I cry*d out then. 
Will cry it o'er ag^ ; it is a hint. 
That wrings mine eyes to*t. 
Pro. Hear a little fijrther. 
And then I'll bring thee to the prefent bufincfe. 
Which now's upon's ; ^thoiit th^ which this flory 
Were moft impertinent. 

7 Good wombs ba've horo had font ] Mr. Hfiohaid would give 
tbefe words to Pro/pero^ becaufe Miranda, hrtdufin the defart 
JJlandfrom her infancy, could noi ht fuppo^d to he furnijhod *witb 
fke% an obfer*vai ten from life. An idle reafbn. Pro^ero tells us, 
lie had edacatcd her more carefullx than ufual. Would he then 
folSSa her to be ignorant of the moll common ct(et in human life ? 
Yet the Oxford Editor follows Mr. Theobalds 

" Mra. 

I 2 71^^ T E Al P E S T. 

ASra, Why did they not 
That hour dcftroy us ? 

Pro, Well demanded, wench ; 
My tale provokes that queflion. Dear, they diuft ooC 
(So dear the love my people bore me ;) fct 
A mark fb bloody on the bufinefs ; but 
With colours fairer p^ted their foul ends. 
In few, they hurry'd us aboard a bark ; 
Bore us Ibme leagues to Sea i where they prepared 
.1 rotten carcafs of a boat, not rigg'd. 
Nor taiki-.', foil, nor maft; the very rats 
Lv.rinctiveiy had quit it: there they hoift us 
To cry to th* fea, that roar'd to us 5 to ligh 
Tc ta* winds, whofe pity, fighing back again. 
Did us but loving wrong. 

Mira. Alack ! what trouble 
Was I then to you ? 

Pre, O \ a cherubim 
Thou waft, that did preferve me : Thou dklft finiky 
Infufcd with a fortitude from heav*n, 
• (When I have mock*d the fea with drops full-lalt; 
Under my burthen groan'd which rais'd in mc 
An undergoing ftomach, to bear up 
Againft what fliould cnfue. 

Mira, How came we a-fhore ? 

Pro. By providence divine. 
Some food we had, and fome frefli water, that 
A noble NeapolUaHy Gonzalo^ 
Out of his charity ''being then appointed 
Matter of this defign) did give us, with 
Rich garments, linnens, ftufFs, and neceifaries. 
Which fincc have fteeded much. So of his gendeneis, 

8 When I bo've dick'o the fea^ i. e. honoured. Bac this isl 
poor thought. The Oxford Editor reads bmcli'd^ which is fliO 
pcorer. f imagine that ^'^^ifj^^fxrwrcce mock^d^i.c. lent the Scft 
tcis trirTng aadition of falt-uater : For when ary thing is given or 
arsded, the effcAof which i<noi feh or perceived, it W2S in the 
language of th^t time properly called nmeking. 


The Tempest. 13 

Knowing I lpy*d my books, he fumifli*d me 
From my own library, with volumes that 
I prize above my Dukedom. 

^ra. Would I might 
But ever ice that man ! 

^ Fro. Now, I arife : 
Sit ftill, and hear the laft of our fea-forrow. 
Here in this ifland we arriv'd, and here 
Have I, thy fchool-mafter, made thee more profit 
Than other Princes can, that have more time 
For vainer hours, and tutors not fo careful. 

Mira, Hcav'ns thank you for*t ! And now, I pray 
you, Sir, 
(For ftiU 'tis beating in my mind) your reafon 
For r^fuig this fea-ftorm ? 

Pro, Know thus far forth. 
By accident moil: ffa-ange, bountiful fortune 
(Now my dear lady) hath mine enemies 
Brought to this ihore : and, by my preidence 
I find, my Zenith doth depend upon 
A moft auipcious ftar ; whoie Influence 
If now I court not, but omit, my fortunes 
Will ever after droop,—— Here ceafe more queftions \ 
Thou art inclin'd to fleep. *Tis a good dulnefs. 
And give it way ; I know, thou caSl not chule— — 

[Miranda ^^j. 
Come away, fervant, come ; Tm ready now : 
Approach, my AriiU Come« 

9 fr; No^ I ari/t:''^'] i.t. now I come to the principal 
part of my Story, for the fake of which 1 told the foregoing ; 
namely this, that I have now my Enemies in my Power} and if 
I omit this Opportonity, I Ihall never have another to recover 
my Dukedom. The word is ufed to oQier in a matter of impor- 
UDce. So Richard Ul. when he comes to the murder of hii Ne- 
phews* (ays to Ttrrt/, 

_ Rife, axd lind am tar^ 


7%c Tempest. 

C E N E 


Enter Arid. 

Jri, All hail, great mafter ! grave Sir, hail \ I come 
To anfwer thy beft: pleafure : Be*t to fiy ; 
To fwim i to dive into the fire ; to ride 
On the airi'd clouds : to thy ftrong bidding 
Ariil^ and all his qualities. 
Pro, Halt thou, Spirit, 
PerformM to point the tempeft that I bad thee ? 
, Aru To every Article. 
f boarded the King's fhip : now on the beak^ 
Now iathe wafte, the deck, in every cabin, 
I flam'd amazement. Sometimes, I'd divide. 
And bum in many places; on the top-mafl. 
The yards, and bolt-lprit^ would I fiame diftinflly 
Then meet and join. y<n'e^*s lightnings, the precurfi 
Of dreadful thimder-cbps, more momentary 
And fight out-running were not \ the fire and cr, 
0\ fulphurous roaring the moft mighty Neptnne 
Scem'd to bcfiege, and make his bold waves tremble 
Ycai his dread trident fhake. 

Pre, My brave, brave fpirit ! 
Who was fo firm, fo conftant, that this coyi 
Would not infcft his rcafon ? 

Ari. Not a foul 
But felt a feaver of the mind, and plaid 
Some tricks of dclperation : all, but mariners, 
Plun^d in the foaming brine, and quit the veffej. 
Then all a-fire with mc : the King*s Ton FerJinand 
With hair up-flaring (then like reeds, not hair) 
Was the firit man, tliat leaped ^ cry'd, '* hell i$ empi 
*' And an the devils are here. 

Pr&, Why, that's my Spirit! 
But was not diis nigh more ? 



T^e Tempest; tt 

Art. rClofe by, my Maftcr. 

Pro. But are they, Arfel^ lafe ? 

Ari* Not a hair pcri(h*d : 
On thrir fuft^irtg garments not a blethilh. 
But frelher than before. And as thou badft me» 
In troops I hare dilpers*d them *bout the ifle : 
The King's fon have I landed by himielf^ 
Whom I left cooling of the ar with fighs^ 
In an odd angle of the ifle, and fittinjg. 
His arms in this fad knot. 

Pro. Of the King's j(hip 
The mariners, fay how thou haft dlfpos'd. 
And all the reft o'th' fleet? 

Art. Safely in harbour 
Is the King's fliip ; in the deep nook. Inhere once 
Thou cali'dft me up at midnight, to fetch dew 
From theftiO-vext ' Bermootbes, there flic's hid : 
The mariners all under hatches ftow'd. 
Who, with a charm join'd to their luffered labour,^ 
IVe left afleep ; and for the reft o*th' fleet 
(Which I di^rs'd) they all have met again^ 
And arc iipon the MeJiterrdnean flote. 
Bound iadly home for Nicies ; 
Suppoflng^ that they faw the King's ftiip Wnrfct^ 
And his great perfon perifli; 

Pro. AHely thy charge 

^ I Fr§m tbi filll-njBxt Betmoothes,] TbeebaU fayi Btrmoothis is 
printed by piiiUke for Strmudas. No. That was the name by 
which th« Ifiands then went, as we may fee by the Voyagers of 
that time ; and by oar Author's contemporary Poets. F/eteifr, 
in his Woman fleafeiy fays, ^h» DtHfiljbouli think ofpurcbafimtr 
ibai Eggfieii to vidual out a Witch for tbo Bermoothes. ^mitb^ 
in bis account of thefe Iflands f. 172. lays, that tb$ Bermudas 
mo^rififiarfitito the world, that manj caltdthtm the Jfle o/DevUs. 
-r-p. 174. — to ail Stamen no lefs terrible than am inchemteddem tf 
Furies. And no wonder, for the clime was extremdy fufajeft to 
Storms and Hurricanes ; and the liUnds were furrcnnded %^th. 
Icattered Rocks lying ftiallowiy hid under the Sor&oe of the 

. . Exaftly 


77)2 Tempest. 

Exaftly is pcrfonnM ; but there's more w(x-k: 
• What is the dmc o'th* day ? 

Ari. Paft the mid feafoa, at leaft two gbfics. 

Pro, The time *t«i3Ct fix and now 
Mufl by us both be fpent moil predoufly. 

jtri. Is there more toil -, fince thou ddt ^ve me 
Lee me remember thee what thou haft pronus*d> 
Which is not yet pcrtbrm'd me. 

Pro, How now? moody? 
What is'r thou canft demand ? 

Ari. My liberty. 

Pre, Before the time be out ? no more, 

Ari, I pr'ythec. 
Remember, I have done thee worthy lervicc \ 
Toid thee no lies, made no miftakings, icrv*d 
Without or grudge, or grumblings \ thou didft pronufe 
To bate me a full year, 

Pro, Doft thou forget 
From what a torment I did free thee ? 

Ari, No- [com 

Pro, Thou doft ; and think'ft it much to tread the 
Of the fait deCT) ; 

To run upon the Iharp Wind of the North i 
To do me bulineis in the veins o*th' earth. 
When it is bak'd with froft. 

Ari, I do not. Sir, 

Pro, Thou ly'ft, malignant thing ? haft thou fbrgOC 
The foul witch Sycorax^ who with age and envy 

2 Pro. What is the time '*ti^ dcy f 

Jri, Paji the mid feufsn. 

Pro, At leafi tius glajfes. 
Id ihis reading, both the Quellion and the Aofwer are mdt 
impotmeiicly. Profpero a&ks what time of day it waty when he 
knew it was two glalTcs paft the mid fcafon : And Jriwi leplici 
iodefinitdy, that it wat poft the mid fcafon. 
The QucAion and Reply fliould be divided thas. 

Pro, What it the time tUh' dajf 

Ari, Pafi $ht mid feafon^ at lea/i, tiv$ l^ff't' 


7^^ Tempest! 17 

Was grown into a hoop ? haft thou fotgot her? 

JrL No, Sir. [tell me. 

Tro, Thou haft : where was Ihc bom ? Ipcak j 

jtri. Sir, in jlrgier. 

Pro, Oh, was.ftic fo ? I muft 
Once in a month recount what thou haft been. 
Which thou forgct'ft. This damn'd witch Sycorax^ 
For mifchiefs manifold and forcerics terrible 
To enter human hearing, from Jirper^ 
Thou know'ft, was bamfh'd : for one thing (he did. 
They would not take hd- life. Is not this true ? 

Au Ay, Sir. [child, 

Fro. This blue-ey*d hag was hither brought with 
And here was left 1^ th* falors ; thou my flave 
As thou rcport'ft thy felf, waft then her fervant. 
And, for thou waft a Ipirit tqo:delicate 
To aft her earthy and abhorr'd commands, 
RefuOng her grand hefts, ihe did confine thee. 
By help of her more potent minifters. 
And in her moft unmitigable rage. 
Into a cloven pine ; within which rift 
Impriibn'd, thou did'-ft painftilly remain 
A dozen years, within which fpace flie dy'd. 
And left thee there : where thou didft vent thy groans. 
As faft as mill-wheels ftrike. Then was this Ifland 
(Save for the fon that ihe did litter here, 
A freckled whelp, hag-bom) not honour'd with 
A human (hape. 

Art. Yes ; CaUban her (on. 

Pro, Dull thing, I % fo : he, that CaUban, 
Whom now I keep in fervice. Thou beft know'ft. 
What torment 1 did find thee in v thy groans 
Did make wolves howl, and penetrate the brcafls 
Of ever-angry bears \ it was a torment 
To lay upon the damn*d, which ^ww* 
Could not again undo : it was mine art. 
When I arrived and heard thee, that made gape 
Vol. I. C The 

1 8 7%e Tempest. 

The p':ne, and let thee out. 

yfri. I thank thee, mafter. 

Pro. If thou more murmur'ft, I will rend aa oak, 
And peg thee m his knotty entrails, *tiil 
Thou*ft howl'd away twelve winters. 

jfrL Pardon, maftcr. 
I vfiU be conrfpondcnt to command. 
And do my fp'ridng gently. 

Pre. Do K> : and after two days 
I will dilchaige thee. 

jin. That's my noble mafter : 
What (hall I do ? fay what ? what (hall I do ? 

Pro. Go make thy iclf like to a nymph o*th* fea. 
Be fubjcA to no fight but mine : invifible 
To every eye-ball elie. Go take this fhape. 
And hither come in it : go hence with dibgenoe. 

[Exit Ariel 

Awake, dear heart, awake ! thou haft flept well } 

A£ra. The ftrangenefi of your ftory put 
Hcavinefe in me- 

Pro, Shake it off: come on ; 
We'll vifit Caliban my (lave, who never 
Yields us kind anfwer. 

Mira. 'Tis a villain. Sir, 
I do not love to look on — • 

Pro. But, as 'tis, 
Wc cannot mils him : he does make our fire. 
Fetch ill our wood, and (crves in offices 
l^hat profit us. What ho ! (lave ! CaUban ! 
Thou earth, thou ! fpcak. 

Col. [within,'] I'here's wood enough within. 

Pro, Come forth, I fay; there's other bufinefi 
for thee. • 
Come, thou Tortoilc ! when ? ■ 


The Tempest. 

EfUer Ariel Uke a Water-Nympb. 

Fine apparition I my quaint Ariel^ 
Hark in thine ear. 

Aru My lord, it fliall be d(Hie. [£*//. 

Pro, Thou poifonousQaye, got by the devil himfclf 
Upon thy wicked dam, come forth. 


Enter Caliban. 

' Cd, " As wicked dew, as e'er my mother brufliM 
** With raven's feather from unwhoUbm fen, 
** Drc^ on you both I a Ibuth-wcft blow on ye, 
*' And blifter you all o*er! [cramps. 

Pro, For this, be fure, to night thou Ihalt have 
Side-ftidbes that ihall pen thy breath up \ urchins 

} Cal. At wicked ^fou, as t*tr my moihtr ^n$^V 
f^itb ritven'i featbtr from Mtrwbtiifem fen, 
Drtf6kyou hoik.'\ Shakefpe^r Yizih vtty artificially given 
the air of the antique co the language of Cahhany in order to 
heighten the grotefque of his chara^er. A$ here he ufes wichd 
fat mthju60i/oj»e. So Sir yohn MautiJtvti, in his travels^. 334. 
Edit. LonJ, I72>. ^— — at alU tjmti brtnnetbe a Ftffelli 
cf GrifiaiU fulU of Banvme for to JCfvtn voit fmallt and 
odour to the Emperour^ and to *V9jden mnuey a& w Y k e B d ■ 
Ejros and Corrttpciomns, It was a tradidon, it feemt, that 
Lord Falkland^ Lord C. J, yauxban, and Mr. Stldtn con- 
curred in obierving, that Sbaktfptar had not only found out a 
new chanifier in his Caliban, but had alfo derifcd and adapted a 
ntvi mannor rf langnago for that charafter. What they meant 
by it, without doubt, was, that S^ai#/^ar gave hit languages 
certain grotefque air of the Savage and Antique ; which it cer- 
tainly has. But Dr. Bentlty took this, of a new language^ 
Jiterally ; for fpcaking of a phrafe in Miiton, which he fuppofed 
dcogecher abfurd and unmeaning, he fays, Safan bad not tbi 
fri^tiiege m Caliban in Shakefpear, to ufi nettvpbraft anddiStou 

mnknowM to all otbirs^-^^ and again to praBict iifiances it 

fiU aOiS^nJlile, Koteoa Mi lton*tparadi/glofif 1. 4. v. 94;, 
Bat I know of no facb Caliban file m Sbaktfpear that hath new 
l^iraft and diflion unknown to all others. 

C a Shall, 


20 The Tempest. 

Shall, for that vaft of night that they may work. 
All exercife on thee: thou fhalt be pinch'd 
As tliick as honey-combs, each pinch more (lining 
Than bees that made 'em. 

Cal. " I muil eat my dinner. 
** This Ifland's mine by Sycorax my mother^ 
" Which thou tak'ft from me. When thou camcft fiift, 
" Thou ftrook'cft me, and mad'ft much of me 5 and 

wculd'ft give me 
'^ Water widi berries in't ; and teach me how 
*' To name the bigger light, xnd how the left, 
*' That bum by day and night: andthenllov'd thee, 
** And fhcw'd thee all the qualides o'th* Ifle, 
'* Hie frclh fprings, brine-pits i barren |rfskce, and 

*« Curs'd be I, that I did fo ! all the chaniis 
** Oi Syccrax^ toads, beedes, bats, light on you! 
•^ For I am all the fubjects that you have, 
*' Who firft was mine owTi King ; and here you fty me 
In this hard rock, whiles you do keep from me 
The reft of th* Ifland. 

Pro, Thou moft lying flave. 
Whom Stripes may move, not kindneft; I have 

us'd thee 
(Filth as thou art) with humane care, and lodg'd 
In mine own cell, 'till thou didft feek to violate 
The honour of my child. 

CcL Oh ho, oh ho ! 1 wou'd, it had been done! 

Thou didft prevent me, I had peopled elfc 
Tliis I lie with Calibans, 

Pro. * Abhorred flave ; 
Which any print of goodnefs wilt not take, 
Bcingcapableof all ill! I pity*d thee. 
Took pains to make thee Ipeak, taught thee each hoi* 

4 A^'horred finv€ \'\ In the common Fditions this fpeeck 
«a« given to Mirantia. Mr. Dryden'wk hisalceracioQ of thispUf 
r.j^fc:/ triRifcr.-ed ic to Profper§. 


TTjb Tempest. 2i 

One thing or other. * When thou couldft not, favagc. 
Shew thine own nneaning, but wouldft gabble like 
A thing moft brutifh, I endow'd thy purpofes 
With words that made them known. But thy vile race 
(Tho* thou didft learn) had that in't, which good 

Could not abide to be with ; therefore waft thou 
Defervcdly confin*d into this rock. 
Who hadft deferv'd more than a prifon 

CaL You taught me language, and my profit on't 
Is, I know how to curfe : the red plague rid you. 
For learning me youf language ! 

5 When thou didst not. Savage, 

% V o w thy o-wji meaning, hut ivouUft gahble like 
A thing mcfi hrutijb, I endiru^dtby furpefes 
IV^itb *woris to make them hnotvnj] The benefit which 
ProJperahcTC upbraids Caliham with having beRovvcd, was reach- 
ing him language. He (hews the greataefs of this b^-neiic by 
marking the inconvenience Calihetn lay under fur wane of it. 
What was the inconvenience ? This, that he tliJ not kno^ his 
0wn meaning. But furea Brute, to which he is compared, dotli 
know its own meaning, that is, knows what it would be at. This, 
indeed, it cannot do, it caanot>^<w its meaning to otliers. And 
this certainly is what Profpero would fay^ 

— When thou c u L D s T not% $a*uagf, 

Shew thy o^wn meanings ■ 
The following words makes it evident^ 

^^mmmm hut luouUft gobhU like 

A thing mofi hrutifi>. 
And when once [/he*w] was corrupted to{^inow] the tranfcribers 
would of courfe change [could/f] into [didjl'] to make it agree 
with the other falfe raiding. There is indeed a Scnfe in which 

Knonjo thy own meanittg may be well applied to a brute. For 

it may iignify the not having any reflex knowledge of the opera- 
tions of its own mind, whicli; it would feem, a Brute hath not. 
Tho* this, I fay, may be applied to a brute, and confequencly 
to Ca/ihaMt and tho* to remedy this brutality be a nobler bene- 
fit than even the teaching language i yet fuch a fenfe would be 
impertinent and abfurd in this place, where only the hene/t of 
language is talked of by an exad and learned Speaker. Bcfide^^ 
PraJ^era exprefly fiiys, that Caliban had purpofe* j which» an 
other words, ia that he did hi¥w kie 9wn meeaiwg^ 

C 3 Pro, 

22 Tie T E If r E s T. 

Pr&, Hag-fccd, hence! 
Fetch us in fcwel, and be quick ( thou wcrt' bell) 
To anfWer ochcr bufioe^. 9inig*ft thou, nnficc? 
If thou neglccc^ft, or daft unwillingly 
What I command, TU rack thee with old cnmps; 
Fill all thy bones with aches, make thee loar. 
That bcafts fhall tremble at thy din. 

Cal. No, *pray dicc. 
I muft obey ; his art is of fuch pow*r. 
It would oinnoul my dam's god Setehs^ 
And make a vaflal of him. 

Pre. So, (lave, hence! [£xxrCaEbiB. 


EfHer Ferdinand i and Ariel imifiile^ f^V'V 


Come unto tbefe yellow fimds^ 
And iien take bands : 
CttrilfiedwbeMyeu bave, andiift 
(Tbe wildwaves wbifi i) 
Foot itfeatfy bere and tbere^ 
Jlnd^ Jvaeet ffritesy tbe burtben bear. 

Burthen, diiperlcdly. 
Hari^ bark, bougb-^augb : tbe watcb-dogs tark^ 
An. Hark, bark, I bear 

^befirain ofjbrutting cbantickre 
Cry, Cock-a-do9dk-dc. 

Fer. Where ihoiild this Mufick be, i'th* sor, er 
earth? — 
It founds no more : and, fore, it waits upon 
Some God o'th* Illand. Sitting on a bank. 
Weeping agwil the King my Other's wieck» 


Tie T E M p f s T. 

This muiick crept by me upon the wicen i 
Allaying both their fury and my paffion. 
With its fwcet air ; thence I liavc follow'd it. 

Or it hath drawn me rachcr but *tis gone. 

No, u begins again, 

* Full fathom five thy father Isesy 
Of his hones are coral made : 
Thofe are pear is ^ that were his eyes \ 
Nothing of h'lm that doth fade y 


6 Full fathom Jive t fry fa the f lift, &€.] GU4sn^ who has 
prcundrd lo cnticifc our Author, wotilJ ^ive ihis up at nn in- 
fuft'crAblt an<l ftnfflcrs piece of trifiing. Antl I believe tJiis i^ tkx 
general opinion concernitig it. But a verj' unjult one. Lcc ua 
confidcr ihe buiinds ArhT\% hereupon, and his manner pf exe- 
cuting il. Tii« CoiDEOiin^n Profptrif had intruilcU tg him* in a 
whifpcr, wdi plaioly ihis ; fo condufl ^«r//ffciW to the iigbt of 
MiretnJai ana todifpofe him to the quicic ftntiineiit} oi tave, 
while he, on the other hand, prepared his daughicr for the fame 
imprcffioni. jfrir/ fcti^bouL his bufjnefj by ac«^iialn£ing fer^i* 
nandt in an rxtraordinary numncr* with the affli^ivercwi ofhii 
fftthcr's death. A very odd Apparatus^ one would chink, for a 
love- fit. And yet is odd as it appears, the Poet has jhewn in it 
the finert conduit for carrying oti hb plot. Pro/ptro had f*id, 

I find my Ztni/Jb dott dtptn4 vp^n 

A m&fi aufphioui fiarr\ tMbofe irrfiufKce 

If ntfiij I cO¥rf iit\ hut omit f rny FarJun// 

fViii f^er ^/}fr dr&tp.-^ * 

In confequence of this hii prefcience. he takes ad vtstage ofevcij 
favourable circumlUnce that thcoccafion offers. ThcpiineipaJa^r 
il the Marriage of his daughter wiih young Ferdinand. But to 
fccurc this point it was nectiTHry they fl'iould be contrafled before 
the affiir came to Mnz9 the Father** knowledge. For Pto/ptn 
was ignorant how th» ftorm and fhipwrcck^ caulcd by him, would 
work upon ^/d«xA temper. It might cither fofccn him, or in* 
irrcafe his av-erfion for Pro/pfr^ as the author* On the mber h.ind, 
to cngige /Vrd';««nJ'» without the confent of his Father, was dif- 
ficult^ For not to fpcak of his Quality* where fuch engagement 
■re oot made without thit confent of the Sovereign, Ferdtmind ia 
rtprcCcniod ( to fhcw it a Match worth the fccking ; of a moll 
C 4 f iout 


The Tempest. 

But dotb fuffcr a feach/if^e^ 
htto Jomething rich andfirange. 
Sea-nytnpbs hourly ring his kneiL 
Barkt now I bear than^ ding-dong^ bell, 

[Burthen : ding-d< 

Fer^ The ditty does remember my drown'd father ^ 
This is no mortal bufincfs, nor no found 
That the earth owns : I hear it now above me, 


Pro^ ^ The fringed curtains of thine eyes advance, 
And fay, what thou feeft yond. 


piouB temper and diTpofition^ ^vbk^ would prevent his contr^^ii 
himlclf without Kb F»lhcr*s knowledge. The Poet tlicrc/o« 
with the utmoil ^ddrefj;, h^ made Arhl pcrfuadc him of hb Fl 
therms dcatli to remove this Rcmora, which might oihcrwifchai 
ciiher ftopM, and reWTdcd beyond ihc time of ailioo, or qmt 
fpoiled the whole Plot^ 

7 Tbt fnngtd eurtaini 9/ 1 hint tya advaxctj 
And fay^ iv^at thau fiefi yettd^l 
The Daugheera of Profprro^ as ihey arc drawn by Drydti 
Teem rather c^ have h^id their Education in a Couic ^r a Pla] 
houfc, than undtr the fcvcre preempts ofa Philofopher in:i Deft- 
But the Miranda of SMr/ptor is truly what the Poet give* h^ 
out. And his art in pr«(crving the unity of her charaflcr n wqi 
dcffuL Wr murt remember what was fajd in rhc foregoinjj no, 
eS Pr a/p fro' iinieniif^n to jrike his Daughter fall in love at iigh\ 
And nu;w:tliitanLl LhciW/* may fay^ or the Prtityft 

Irvni think, on i] . n, ic was no fuch eafy matter tobrij 

this naturally ihout. Thofe who arc the Icsft acquainrcd wi 
human nature know of what force inflitmioo and education are 
curb ;ind even deface the very ftrongcft paiTions and afFe^flioi. 
She had bcm brought up under the rough difcipline of E^oicnl M( 
TiUty* and misfotignej generally harden the morality of virtuot 
wen into Stoicifin. Such a one was Prefper^^ And he telU 1 
that his daughter fully anfwcrcd th« care he beftowed upon ht. 
60 that there would be fome difficulty for nature to regain iti ii^ 
flucnce fo fuddenly as the Plot recjuircd. The Poct^ thertfore, 
ivi(h infinite xA^rtU^ caufes her to be fofiened by the tender jlory 
It^ father told her td hit mhfonaDCs. For pity prcceeds love, 


T^e T E M p Es T, 25 

Mira, Whatis*t, afpirit? 
Lord, how it looks about ! believe me. Sir, 
It carries a brave form. But 'tis a fpirit. 

Pro, No, wench, it eats, and flecps, and hath 
fuch fenfes 
As we have, fuch. This gallant, which thou feeft. 
Was in the wreck : and, but he's fomething ftain'd 
With grief, (that's beauty's canker) thou might'ft 

call him 
A goodly perfon. He hath loft his fellows, 
And ftrays about to find 'em. 

Mira. I might call him 
A thing divine -, for nothing natural 
I ever law fo noble. 

Pro. It goes on, I fee, \,4fi^' 

As my foul prompts it. Spirit, fine fpirit, I'll free 

Within two days for this. 

Fer. Moft fure, the Goddefs 
On whom thefe ayres attend ! * vouchfafe, my pray'r 
May know, if you rem^ upon this Ifland ; 

and facilitates its entrance into the mind. But this was, evidentTv. 
infufficienc. Therefore, to make the way the eafier, ihe is fup 
pofed to be under the influence of her Fad)er*8 charm, which wa« 
10 diiTolve, as it were, the riffid chains of virtue and obedience. 
This is inlinuated to the Audience when Pro/pero, before he be- 
gins his fiory, fays to her, 

1 Lenil thy band 
And fimek ibis magick garment from mt. 
The touch communicated the charm, and its efficacy was to lay 
her to deep. This is the reafon that Pr9j^tro fo often queflions 
her, as he proceeds in his ftory, whether Ihe was attentive: being 
apprehenfive the charm might operate too quick, even before he 
mra ended his relation. Without this interpretation his frequent re- 
petition will appear extremely cold, and abfurd. For the fame 
reafon, likewire, he fays, in conclufion, 

Ibom art inclined ttjltep. *'lis a good duintfs. 
And give it n»ay: I know choa can'ft not chufe. 
9 i tvoucb/afe my prof r 

May huWf J- ] For, Imtty knvvo. Extremely poetical ; 

Pffd inoft evpreffive of the hamility of the Speaker. 


26 72^ T E Nf P I S T. 

And that you wUI feme good inflnidion g^ve. 
How I may bear me hrre : my prime requcft 
(WhJdi 1 do lift fttt>nounce) is, O you wonder- 
If jou be made or no ? 

Mira, No wonder, Sir, 
But * certainly a maid, 

Ftr, My language \ h^v'ns ! 
I am the bdt o/ them that fpcak tWs fpccch^ 
Were 1 but where 'tis fpoken ! 

Pro. How? thebcft? 
What wcrt thou, if the King ofNafUs heard thee 

Fer, A fingle things as 1 am now, that wonders 
To hear thee fpeak of NapUs, He docs hear me ; 
And, that he docs, I weep : my felf am Naples^ 
Who, widi mine eyes (neVr Jlnce at ebb) beheld 
The King my fatlicr wreckt, 

Mira. Alack, for mercy ! 

ftr. Yes, faith , and all his lords : the Duke of 
And his brave ion, being twain. 

Pro. The Duke of jW/Aw, (thee, 

And his more braver daughter, cotild ■ control 
If now 'twere fit to do't : — At die firfl fi^t. 
They have chang'd eyes : ( delicate Jritl, 
I'll fct thee free for this.) A word, good Sir. 
] fear, youVc done your felf fomc wrong: a word — 

9 — (trtjihfy a Fvaid. ] Nothing could be xnore |(rttti 
inuglaed to illqilrate the Tin^uJ^Lriiy of her chaxa6cr» tbaii 
pleafant millake. She had been bred up in the rough and p!&» 
acting documents of moral phtlofophy, which teaches as the 
knowledge of otu felves ; And w&a »n utter ftringer io the lUt- 
ICf )- ioTcnted by vitiuus and dei^gning Men to corrupt tli« otJur 
Sex, So that ii could noc enter into her imagiiuuon, ihat com- 
pf&iraace sUkd a delirf of appearing ajniahlft qualities ci hunu* 
Dtty which (he bad been inllru^ed, itk her n^oral kiroD.% to ci' 
tivaic, could ever degenerate into fuch excefs, »i that any oi 
flionTd be willing tu have \ni fcltow creiuitre believe ittit 
thcnght hei a GodJcft or an Jmmortal. 

^pnirsul thut ] /. f. (hew #iee thy error. 


77>e Tempest. 27 

Mra. Why fpcaks my hthet fo ungcntly ? this 
Is the third man, that I c*cr iaw; the firft. 
That c*cr I figh'd for. Pity move my &thcr 
To be inclin'd my way ! 

per. O, ifa Vir;^, 
And your Affection not gcme forth) PU make you 
The Queen of Naples. 

Pro, Soft;» Sir : one word more. i. 
They're both in cither's power : but this fvrift bufinefi 
I muft uneafie make, left too light winning 
Make the prize light. Sir, one word more^ I 

chaise thee. 
That thou attend me : — thou doft here uTum 
The name thou ow'ft not, and haft put thy m( 
Upon tlm Ifland, as a ipy, to win it 
From me, the lord on*t. 
. Fer^ No. as Vm a man. [pl^. 

Mk^ There's nodung ill can dwett in fuch a tern* 
If the ill ipirit have fb iair an houfe. 
Good things will ftrive to dwell inth't. 

Pro, Follow me 
Speak not you for faim : he's a traitor. Come,, 
I'll manacle thy neck and feet together ; 
Sea- water Ihalt thou drink ; thy food ftiall be 
The &e(h-brook muflcls, withered roots, and husks 
"Wherdn the acorn cradled. Follow. 

Fer, No, 
I ^1 refift iuch entertainment, 'till 
Mine enemy has more power. 

[He draws J and is cbarm^d from moving. 

• Mira. O dear father, 


2 Mira, O dear fathtr. 
Make not too ra/b a tryal of him ; for 
Hf*t gentle, and not fearful. 
This ieems to be a very odd way of exprcffiog her fenfe of her 
tovtr** good quatitiet. It u certain the beauty of it is not feen 
at Mi new. Miranda^ *tiU now» had never fcen any Mortal 



28 The Tempest. 

Make not too rafh a tryal of him ; for 
Hc*s gentle, and not fearful. 

Pro. What, 1 %, 
My foot my tutor ? put thy fword up, traitor. 
Who mak*ft a (hew, but dar*ft not imke 5 tfiy con- 

Is fo poffeft with guilt : come from thy ward. 
For I can here difarm thee with this ftick. 
And make thy weapon drop. 

Mira, Befeech you, father. . 

Pre, Hence : hang not on my garment. 

Mira, Sir, have pity ; 
1*11 be his furety. 

Pro, Silence : one word more 
Shall make me chide thee, if not hate thee. What, 
An advocate for an impoftor ? hulh ! 
Thou think'ft, there are no more fuch fhapes as he. 
Having iecn but him and Caliban ; foolifh wendi ! 
To th* moft of men this is a Caliban^ 
And they to him are angels. 

Mira, My afFeftions 
Are then moft humble : I have no ambidon 
To fee a goodlier man, 

(her father excepted) hixt Caliban. She had freqaently beheld 
him under that kind of difcipline which her father here threattni 
to infli£l upon her lover. 

rU manacle thy neek and feet together z 
Sea-tvater fiah thou drink, tbyf—dftwll he 
The frtjh 'brook muJjfleSf 'withered roots and husks 
Wherein the acorn cradled. 
The fer*verfity of Calihan^s DAture, and the Cowardlinefi ofit, 
made punifhment neceiTary, and eafy to be inHi£led : Finding 
therefore Ferdinand threatened with the like treatment, out i 

tcndemefs both to her Father and Lover Ihe cries He*s gentU^ 

not like the yatv^r Caliban, and fo deferves not puniihmenti 
this fhe gathered from his prcccedingconverfation with her — and 
not fearful^ like that co-ward, and fo is not to be eafily managed. 
This (he colIcAed from hb drawing his fword» and llanding oa 
his defence. 

7^^ Tempest. ag 

Pro, Come on, obey ; 
Thy nerves are in their infancy again. 
And have no vigour in them. 

Fer. So they are : 
' My fpirits, as in a dream, are a]l bound up. 
My filler's lofi, the weaknefs which 1 feel. 
The wreck of all my friends, and this man*s threats. 
To whom I am fubdu'd, were but light to me 
Might I but through my prifon once a day 
Behold this maid : all comers elfe o*th' earth 
Let liberty make ufe of j fpace enough 
Have I, in fuch a prifon. 

Pro. It works : come on. 
(Thou haft done well, Bnej&iel:) follow me. 
Hark, what thou elfe fhalt do me. [fo Ariel. 

A£ra. Be of comfort. 
My father's of a better nature. Sir, . 
Than he appears by fpeech : this is unwonted. 
Which now came from him. 

Pro, Thou fhak be as free 
As mountain winds ; but then exaftly do 
All points of my command. 

jIH. To th' fyllable. 

Pro. Come, follow : Ipeak not for him. [Exeunt. 


jinot her part of the IJland. 

Enter Alonfo, Sebaftian, Anthonio, Gonzalo, 
Adrian, Frandfco, and others. 


BESEECH you, Sir, be merry : you have caufc 
(So have we all) of joy ! for our efcapc 

3 ^J^*"''. ^» inadresm^ art alt hwnd ap,'\ Alludlog to 
a common renfation in dreams, when ^t flruggle, but wich a to- 
tal impuiflance in our cndeavoars* to run, ftrikc« ^c. 




Tie Tempest, 

Is mix:h beyond our lols ; ^ our fiint of 

Is coinnx» ; cvoy chy, fomc flex's ^rife. 

The maftcrs of fozne mcrcfaaat^ and the mcrdumc^ 

Have juft our tbcam of woe : but for the nnnde^ 

(I mean our prcfervatioQ) few in millions 

Can fpeak like us: then wifely, good Sr, wo^ 

Our ioTFOw with our comfort. 

j&n, Pr'ythcc, peace. * 

[Seb. He receives comfort like cold ponUge. 

Au. The * •vifer will not gm o'er fo. 

Set. Look, he's winding up the watch of lus wit> 
by and by it will ftrikc. 

Gen, Sir, — — 

Self. One; — Tell, 

Can, When every grief is cntertain'd» thaif s c&^d ; 
comes to the entertainer- 

Sa, A dollor. 

Gen. Dolour comes to him, indeed; you have ^pokfil 
truer than you propos*d. 

Seb. You have taken it wifelicr than I mcanc jou 

Gen. Therefore, my lord, ■ 

Alt. Fie, what a fpend-thiift is he of Us tsooffti 

jflon, I pr*ythec, fpare. 

Gen. Well, I have done: but yet— - 

Set. He w'dl be talking. 

4. — — 9ur H I X T e/ 4»f ] lint ef <it«/, can fignify calf 
prognoftic of v,-oe: which is not the fcnfc required. We IhooU 
read stint, f. r. proportion, allounent. 

5 All this chat follows after the words Pr^ythee^ peaze, 
the words. Ycu cram theft r.\9rds, &C. fecms CO have' 
pclaied, (perhaps by the Piayers) the verfei there _ 
again ; and all that is between in profe, not only being rerjr iB- 
percinent fLuflr, but moll improper and LU-plac'd drollery* u the 
mooths of enbappj 0;ipwreckt people. There b moreof ths ftiic 
fort iDterfperfed in the remaining part of the Scene. Mr. Ptft* 

6 The VISITOR wiV/ nst give o'er fi."] This Vifiur Is a Con- 
forcer or Advifer. We mnS read then* 

*v I s I K, f . r. the Advifer. 

Tie T E M P B S T. 

Au. Whidi of them, he, or Jtbian^ for a good 
wager, firft begins to crow ? 

S€i. The old cock. 

jfnt. The cockrd. 

Sei, Done : the wager? 

jIjU. a laughter. 

Sd. A match. 

j^. Though this ifland ieem to be defart— ^ 

Sei. Ha, ha, ha, — So, you're paid. 

Adr, Uninhabitable, and almoft inacceflible— « 

Sei. Yet,- 

jiJr. Yet 

jfnt. He could not mifs't. 

y^. It mud needs be of fubde; tender, and deli- 
cate temperance. * 

yht. Temperance was a delicate wench. 

Sek. Ar» and a fubde, as he moft learnedly de* 

jtJr. The tair breathes upon us here moft iweetly. 

Sei^ As if it had lungs, and rotten ones. 

yhit. Or, as 'twere perfiim'd by a fen. 

Got. Here is every thing advantageous to life. 

jht. True, iave means to live. 

Sei. Of that there's none or little. 

Gon, How lufli and lufty the grafs looks ? how 
green ? 

jfnt. The ground indeed is tawny. 

Sei. With an eye of green in't. 

jht. He miflfes not much. 

Sei. No : he does but miilake the truth totally. 

GcH. But the rarity of it is, whidi is indeed almoft 
beycmd credit—— 

Sd. ' As many voucht rarides are. 

G«». That our garments being (as they were) 
drench'd in the fea, hold notwithftanding their freflx- 

7 jfs mtaij fvmeht raritiet art. ] A Satire on the extravngnot 
ficcounu that Voyager* then toid of the new difcovcred World. 




72^ Tempest, 

nefs and glolTes; being rather new dyM, than ftain'd 
with fait water. 

Jnt, If but one of his pockets could ^ak, would 
it not fay, he lies ? 

Seb, Ay, or very falfely pocket up Ws report. 

Gon, Methinks, our garments are now as frcfh as 
when we put them on firft in Africk^ at the mar- 
riage of the King's fair daughter Qaribtl to the Knf 
of 'Tunis, 

Seb. 'Twas a fweet marriage, and we proQ>er wdl 
in our return. 

Adr. Tunis was never grac'd before with fucfa a 
paragon to their Queen. 

Gon, Not fince widow Didoes time, 

An, Widow, a pox o* that : how came that m- 
dow in ? widow Dido ? 

Seb. What if he had laid, widower AEneas too ? 
Good lord, how you take it ! 

.Adr. Widow Dido^ (aid you ? you make mc fludy 
of tliat : Ihc was of Carthage^ not of Tunis, 

Gon^ This Tunis^ Sir, was Carthage, 

Adr, Carthage? 

Gon, I affure you, Carthage, 

Ant. His word is more than the miraculous harp. 

Seb. He hath rais'd the wall, and houfes too. - 

Ant, Whatimpoflible matterwillhe makeeafynext? 

Seb, I think, he will carry this ifland home in fail 
pocket, and give it his fon for an apple. 

Ant. And fowing the kernels of it in the fea, bns^ 
fortli more iflands. 

Gon. Ay. 

Ant. Why, in good time. 

Gon. Sir, we were talking, diat our garments leein 
now as frefh, as when we were at Tunis at the mar- 
riage of your daughter, who is now Queen. 

Ant. And the rareft that e*cr came there. 

Seb. Bate, I bcfcech you, widow Dido. 


Tie Tempest, 

j^ni, O, widow Dids f ay, widow Dtdo f 
Gon, Is nor my duubkt^ irir, as (Vc/h as rhc 5x^ 
day I wore it i 1 mean^ in a fort. 
jint. That fort was well fiih'd lor, 
Gwr. When I wore ir at your daugliter*s marria^.] 
jlUn, You cram thd'c words into mine ears agaiiift 
The ftomach of my fenfc. WouJd I had never 
Married my daughter there ! For, coming thence* 
My foa is loft ; and, in my rate* fhe too \ 
Who is ib far from Itafy removed, 
1 ne*er again fliall ice her : O thou mine heir * 

OfiVa/)(tjand of Milany whatftrangc fifh 
Hath made his meal on thee ? 

Fran, Sir, he may bve, 
I ikw him beat the furges under him, 
And Tide upon their backs ; he trod x\\c watei*; 
Whofe enmiry he flung afide, and brcafted 
The furge moft fwoln tfiat met him : his bold h&id 
*Bove the contentious waves he kept, and oar'd 
Himtclf with his good arms in luily ftrokes 
To th' fhore \ that o'er his wave-worn bafis bow'd^ 
As ftooping to relieve him : I not doubt^ 
Mc came ahvc to land, 
jlkn. No, no, he's gone, 

Scb, Sir, you may thank yourielf for this great lofi^ 
That would nut blcfs our Europe with your daughter. 
But rather lofc her to an Afrkuni 
Where file, at Icafl, is b.inilh'd from your eye, 
Who bath caulc to wet the griet on'r. 
jlhv, Pr^ythee^ peace. 

^V^. You were knecrd to, and importunM othcrwife 
By a!l of us -, and the fair foul herielf 
Wetgh'd between lothncft and obedience, at 
Which end the beam fliould bow. We*ve bit your ibo, 
I fear, for ever; MUan and Ncpks have 
More widows in them of thisbufincli' making, 
Voi,. L D Thstfi 


24 7^^ Tempest. 

Than we bring men to comfoft tfacm: 
The £ujk's your own. 

jSon. So is the deareft o* tfa' lofi. 

Gon. My lord Setaftian, 
The truth, you ipcak, doth lack ibmc gtntlencfi^ 
And time to {pcatk it in : you rub the fore. 
When you ihould bring the plaifter. 

Sei. Very wcU. 

jht. And moft chirurgeonly. 

Gon, It is foul weather in us all, good Sr, 
When you are cloudy. 

Seb. Foul weather? 

ytnt. Very foul. 

Gon. Had I the plantation of this iile, my lord— ^ 

jfnt, Hc*d fow 't wth nettle-fccd. 

Sei. Or docks, or mallows. 

Gon, And were the King on't, what would I do? 

Sei, Scape being drunk, for want of wine. 

• Gon. " Fth' commonwealth; I would by contraries 
" Execute all things : for no kind of traffick 
•* Would I admit ; no name of magiftrate ; 
•' Letters Ihould not be known ; wealth, poverty, 
•* And ufe of fcrvicc, none ; contract, fucceffion, . 
•* Bourn, bound of land, tilth, vineyard, none ; 
•• No ufe of metal, com, or wine, or oyl ; 
*' No occupation, all men idle, all, 
" And women too -, but innocent and pure : 
** No Sovereignty. 

Seb, And yet he would be King on*t. 

Jnt, ■ The latter end of his commonwealth forgets 
the be^nning. 

*^ Gon. AU things in common, nature fhould produce^ 

Without fwcat or endeavour. Treafon, felony. 


8 Tlbe latur em^ tf bis commanmitaltb forgtis the heginnM.I* 
All thii Dialogue ii a line Satire on the Utefean TrcAtifet of Gch 
vernment, and the imprafticablc inconfillcnc Schemes therein ra- 

« Sword. 

A Tempest. 

*' Sword, pikc< knife, gun, or need of any en^e^ 
«* Would I not have ; but nature fliould bring fonh^ 
** Of its own kind, » all foyzon, all abundance 
** To feed my innocent People, 

5/*. No marrying *niong his fubjefts ? 

All. None, man ; all idle ; whorts .and knaves. 

Gon. I would with fuch perfcdlion govern. Sir, 
T* excel the golden age. 

Sei^ Save his Majefty ! 

^/. Long live Gonzalo I 

Gon. And, do you mark me. Sir ? 

jfhn, Pr'ythee, no more ; thou doft talk nothing 
to nrie. 

Gen. I do well believe your Highnels ^ and did it 
to minifter occafion to theie genuemen, who are of 
fuch ienfible and nimble lungs, that they always ufe to 
laugh at nothing. 

jint. *Twas you we laugh'd at. 

Gon. Who, in this kind of merry fooling, am no- 
thing to you : lb you may continue, and laugh at no- 
thing ftill. 

j^nt. What a blow was there g^ven ? 

Set. An it had not fallen dat^long. 

Gon. You arc gendemen of brave metal ; you would 
lift the moon out of her ibhere, if ihe would continue 
b it five weeks without changing. 

Enier Ariel, pk^ng fokmn Mujick, 

Seb. We would fo, and then go a bat-fowling* 

Ant. Nay, my good lord, be not angry. 

Gon. No, I warrant you, I will not adventure my 
difirction io weakly : will you laugh me aQeep, for I 
am Very heavy ? 

jint. Go, flcep, and hear us. 

9 — W/foyzotJi all ahundanct.1 (oyvaa ^uiftt tbi gr*^ 
pttmtf rfa^ ihitig, 

D 2. ^n: 


36 7^^ Tempest- 

Aktt, "What all fo loon afleq) ? I wifh, mine ctc* 
Would with themfdves ihuc up my thoughts ; I tipd. 
They arc mdin'd to do lb. 

Seb, Pleaie you. Sir, 
Do not omit the heavy offer of it : 
It feldom viTits forrow \ when it doth^ 
It is a comforter. 

Ant. We two, my lord. 
Will guard your perfon, while you take your reft. 
And watch your Ikfety, 

Ahn. Thank you: wondVous heavy 

IMficep hut SeK mi Ant. 

Seb. What a ftrange drowfincfs poflcffes them? 

Ant. It is the quality o' th' climate. 

Sth, Why 
Doth it not then our cyc-Iids fink ? I find not 
Myfelf dilpos'd to fleep. 

Ant, Nor I, my fpirits are nimble: 
They fell together all as by confcnt. 
They dropt as by a thundcr-ftroke. What might, 
Worthy Sebi'Jlian — O^ what might — no more. 
And yet, methinks, I fee it in thy fece. 
What thou fhould'ft be : th' occafion fpcaks thee, aod 
My ftrong imagination fees a crown 
Dropping upon thy head, 

Seb, What, art thou waking ? 

Ant, Do you not hear me fpcak ? 

Seb. I do j and, furely. 
It is a (leepy language ; and thou fpcak*ft 
Out of thy fleep \ what is it thou didft &y ? 
This is a ftrange repofe, to be adecp 
With eyes wide open : ftanding, Ipeaking, moving \ 
And yet fo faft adeep. 

Ant, \\oh\t Sslajiian, 
Thou let'ft thy fortune fleep: di« rather: wink'ft, 
Whilft thou arc waking* 

7^e Tempest, ^j 

Sek Thou doft fiiore diftindUjrj 
Therc*s meaning in thy fiiorts* 

jint. I am more ferious than my cuftom. You 
Muft be fo too, if heed me ; * wmdi to do. 
Trebles thee o'er. 

Self. Well ; I am ftanding water. 

jht, ril teach you how to flow. 

Sei. Do fo : to ebb 
Hereditary floth inftrufts me. 

Ant. O! 
If you but knew, how you the purpoie cheriOi, 
Whilft thus you mock it ; how, in llrippii^ it. 
You more inveft it : ebbing men, indeed, 
Moft often do fo near the bottxmi run. 
By their own fear or floth. 

Seb. Pry*thce, lay on ; 
The fetting of tiune eye and cheek prod^in 
A matter n-om thee % and a birth, indeed. 
Which tliroes thee much to yield. 

-4w^ Thus^ Sir : 
Although this lord of weak remembrance, this, 
(Who fhall be of as little memory, 
W|ien he is earth'd ;} hath here ahnoft perfuaded 
(For he's a fpirit of perfuafion, (Mily 
Profeffes to perfuade) the King, Ws fon*s alive : 
•Tis as impoffible that hc*s undrown*d. 
As he, that flceps here, fwims. ' 

I — tuhtcB to do. Trebles thtf ^-Vr.] i. e. fellow myadvlce* 
and it will advance thy fortune to the height. So Fittchtr in his 
tfhU Ctntliman^ 

2u9wfiejour Fmthr^s hoMOurs 
Trebling upan you — 
And again in his MuU of thi Miih 

How did you btar her U/s f ^ 

With tbf grief tnhied. 

Yet the O;eford Editor alters it tOf TrutB/n thet not. 

D 5 Seh 

38 The Tempest. 

Sek I have no hope. 
That he's undrown*d. 

j^t, O, out of that no hope. 
What great hope have you ? no hope, that way, is 
Another way fo high an hope, that even 
* Ambition cannot pierce a wink beyond. 
But doubt difcovery there, ^^'ill you grant, with me. 
That Ferdinatrd is drown 'd? 

Sek He's gone. 

jint. Then tell me 
Who's the next heir of Naples ? 

Seb. ClaribeL 

Ant. She that is Queen of Tunis \ flic that dwells 
Ten leagues beyond man's life ; fliethat from N^fbt 
Can have no note ', unlefs the fun were poft, 
(The man i'th'moon'scoo flow) 'till new-born chins 
Be ro'jgh and razorable ; flie, from whom 
We were fea-fwallow'd ; tho* fome, caft agadn^ 
May by that deftiny perform an aft. 
Whereof, what's paft is prologue ; what to come^ 
Is yours and my difcharge ■ 

Seb, What ftufF is this ? how lay you ? 
'Tistrue, my brother's daughter's Queen of TjoKf, 
So is fhc heir of Naples ; 'twixt v/hicii regions 
There is fome fpace, 

yf'?/. A fpace, whofe cv'ry oibit 
5eems to ciy out, how ftiall that Cl^ribel 
Meafure us back to N^les? Keep in Tunis^ 

Z jfmlifhv carnot pierce a rx'ink hyonJ^ 

Bui Jauht difeGmery there.; — ] The meaning 1% t^at mmhUkik 
wnuU be fo afK^tcd with the p;e?fing profpcft, th;.; it would 
<loi<bt whether the difcovery, it there made of greatnefs 
was a rci! rep^efentation, orcnly, what^f^j^' *-*..t, in anocher 
p.'arf , callb a Dream of Advanta^^e, Tlie O-— '" ■•* Editor changci 
dwht to drop^ and to makes nonienfc of ttic w ;oic Sentence ; 1$ 
fitree a ••'jjini fignifie: to fre or difc*".": ■ and to drop d*fc6*o9fJ 
signifies not 10 fee. So that the Scr.^ : -^^ i5» U vou Are liirclMr 
into this matter yoa will not fee at ..... 

3 A<7 advices hj Utter, }fi,t', fepe. 


7^e T E Xf P E 8 T. 

And let Sehdjiian wake. Say, this were death 

That now hath feiz'd them, why^ they were noworfc 

Than now they are : there be, that can rule Naples, 

As well as he that (leeps j lords that can prate 

As amply, and unneceflarilyj 

As this Gonzak \ Imyfelf could make 

A chough of as deep chat. 0» that you bore 

The tpmd that I do ; what a Qeep was this 

J'or your advancement 1 do you underftand me ? 

Seb, Methlnks, I do. 

Ant, And how does your content 
Tender your own good fortune ? 

Self. 1 remember, 
You did fupplant your brother Profp^rs. 

Ant, True: 
And, look, how well ji^y garments fit upon mc ; 
Much feater than before. My brother's lervanta 
Were then my fellows, now they are my men. 

Scb, But, for your conlciencc^^ 

jfni. Ay, Sir; where lies that? 
If 'twere a kybc, 'twould put mc to my flipper : 
But I feel not this deity in my bofom. 
Ten conicienccs, chat ftand *twixt me and Mlafty. 
♦ Candy'd be they, and mek» e'er th^ molcft ! 

Here lyes your brotiier ' 

No better than the earth he lyes upon, 

\i he were diat which now he's like, that*s dead ; 

Whom I with this obedient ftcel, three inches of it. 

Can lay to bed for ever : you doing thus. 

To tlie perpetual wink for ay might put 

4 CajTffVV ht thty^ and /a///. /Vr fJfey meffft /] i. c, did ttn COn- 
Ic(<i»cc5 j^Uy all their cricki with mv ; fomctimci proriog very 
Uob6orn» and fome time? agiin a% fupple ; now frozen up with 
jcM, now difTolved with heat, yet they (houM neVt molefl, i*f<, 
|Avlfj^Ar explains this thought^ where in hii 'winter tttlt be CSt- 

wio/i hoatjiy till now 

Bftdurd aii ^i^eattfen* 





40 77>e Tempest. 

This ancient ^ Moral, this Sir Prudence, who 
Should not upbraid our courie. For all riie reiir. 
They'll take luggeftion, as a cat laps milk ; 
Tiiey'U tell the clock to any bufinds, that. 
We fay, befits the hour. 

Sel^, Thy cafe, dear friend. 
Shall be my precedent : as thou got'ft Milan^ 
I'll come by Nirpks. Draw thy fword ; one ftroke 
Shall free thee from the tribute wlaich thou pay'ft ; 
And I the King fl^.all love thee. 

Atit, Draw together : 
And when I rear my hand, do you the like 
To fall it on Gcnzalo, 

Seb. O, but pne word 

Enter Ariel, with Mufuk and Song* 

A'i. My mafter through his art forefets the danger. 
That you his friend, are in ; and fends me forth 
(For elfe his pcojeAdies) * to keep them li^ang. 

[_Shtgs in Gonzalo'j Ear. 

Ji'lMe ycu ben do fncariifg l)e, 
Open-efd confpircty 

His time dotb take: 
If of life you keep a care^ 
Shake off Jlumher aud L€':i;arc : 

Awake! av:akc! 

5 Thit anaent m o r & e t. titit Sir Prudenet^ &c.] But why 
Ttorftt? How ui'C& this charaflcrire the fcri'cu tpukcaof? We 
muil, This ancient moral. 

i. e. this man of old fafhicncd konefty, for fnch is h» Chander. 
•-^^n ancitv.t 7r:0rir/ is alnoU provcttualy in the snouths of lices* 
tious peof lt\ to i:£.nify, morals tcc/cvcre^ snd cot fit for the tiinn* 
This way of frc-iking is familiar with oar Author. Rtm,^ Jal< 
And w/^ tny Lady Wit'dcra ? hold your torgue, good Prudence. 

6 — /5 hep. tie:3i liv:ftj;.'\ i. e. jiU/tze and Anienio ; for itwai 
on their lives thn; his proje£fc depended. Yet the Oxford Edittr 
alters t£*emt to jou, t «'ciufe in the verfe before, it is faid — jm his 
friind \ as if, becaufc Ariel "wza fent forth Xofante his fritmd^ he 
could not have another purpofe in fending him, vik. to/at/M hit 
froje£i too. 


T^e Temp est, 41 

Ant. Then let us both be fudden. 

Gon, Now, good angels preferve the King! 

\Xbey wake^ 

Alon, Why, how now, ho ? awake ? why are you 
drawn ? 
Wherefore this ghaftly looking? 

Gon, What's the matter? 

Seb. While we ftood here fecuring your repoie, 
Ev*n now we heard a hollow burft of bellowing 
Oce bulls, or rather lions ^ did 't not wake you? 
It ftrook mine ear moft terribly. 

Alon, I heard nothing. 

Ant, 0, *twas a din to Bright a monfler's ear \ 
To make an earthquake: fure, it was the roar 
Of a "whole herd of lions. 

Ahn. Heard you this ? 

Gon. Upon my honour. Sir, I heard a humming. 
And that a firange one too, which did awake me. . 
I ihak*d you. Sir, and cry'd \ as nune eyes opened, 
I faw their weapons drawn: there was a noiie. 
That's verity. 'Tis beft we ftand <m guard; 
Or that we quit this place: let's draw our weapons. 

Ahn, Lead off tlus ground, and let's make furdier 
For my poor fon. 

Gon^ He^v'ns keep him &om thefe beafts! 
For he is, fiire, i'th' iiland. 

Alon, Lead away. 

4ri. Pro^$ro my Iwd Ihall know what I have done. 
So, l^ing, go &fely on to leek thy Ion. 


7^^ Tempest* 


Chartges ta another pari ef the IJland. 

Enter C^ibsn^jih a burden of wood \ a mife ef ti 


CaL **" ALL the mfeftions, that the fvn ft 

IX " up* 
** From bogs, fens, flats, on Prefer fall, and m; 

** him 
** By inch-meal a difeafe ! his (pirirs hear me, 
*' And yet I needs mull cuHc, But they'll not pine 
" Fright me with urchin fhews, pitch me i' ch' oii 
" Nor lead me^ like a fire-brand, in the d^k 
*' Out of my way^ unlcfs he bid 'cm ; but 
** For every trifle arc they fct upon me, 
** Sometimes like apes, that moe and chatter at me, 
** And after bite me ; then like hcdgc-hogs, which 
*' Lye tumbling in my bare-foot way» and mount 
*' Their pricks at my foot-fall ; ibmctime am I 
'* All wound with adders, who with cloven tongucj 
** Do hifs me mro madnefs, Lo ! now \ lo ! 

Enter Trinculo- 

Here comes a fpi'rit of his, ^d to torment me 
For bringing wood in flowly. VU fall flat ; 
Perchance, he will not mind me. 

Trin. Here's neither bufh nor flirub to bear off] 
weather at all, and another ftorm brewing ; I hear 
fing i' rh* wind : yond fame black cloud, yond huge 
one, ' looks like a foul bumbard that would fhcd 
his liquon If it fliould thunder as ic did before, I 
know not where to hide my head: yond fame cloud 

7 Ltffh iHf mfmi Bimbj^rd ] A large VefTcl for holdli^ 
Drnk, •» M«1l as like Piece of Ordtunoe (o callM. Mr. Tl/w 


HyB Tempest. 

cannot chufe but fall by pailfuls— ^What have we 
here, a man or a fifh ? dead or alive ? a fifh ; he fmells 
like a fifh : a very ancient and fifh-Jike fmell. A kind 
of, not of the newefl, Pccrjchn: a ftrange fifh? 
** Were 1 in England now, as once I was, and had 
" but this fifh painted, not an holiday -fool there but 
** would give a piece of filver. There would this 
•* monfter make a man; * any ftrange bcaft there 
*' makes a man i when ihey will not give a doit to 
" relieve a lame be^ar, they will lay out ten to fee a 
*' dead //fir'iw/* L^g*d like a man! and his fins 
like arms! warm, o'my troth! I do now let loofc my 
opinion, hold it no longer, this is no fifh» but an 
Ifiander that hath lately fuffer'd by a thunder-bolt. 
Alas ! the flrorm is come again. My beft way is to 
creep under his gaberdine : there is no other fheltcr 
hereabouts '* mifery acquaints a man with ftrange 
** bed-fellows:'* I %vill here Ihrowd, 'till the dregs of 
the ftorm be paft. 

EnUr Stcphano, /mpng, 

Stc . Ifi^all no more to fia^ to fea^ bcrejbaii I dii a-Jhort, 
is is a very fcurvy tunc to fing at a man's funeral ; 

Well, here's my comfbrr. [Drinh. 

SJngs, 7bc tnafitr^ the fwahbtr^ the hoatfwmn mi /, 
"Jhe gunnery and his mate, 

Lov'd Mall, Meg, and Marrian, and Margery, 

8 A»y Jfrafgf hfafl ihtrt maht « man \\ I cannot but thiJilc 
this Satirt very jull upon nurCountrymcfS : who have been always 
verf rtAdy to make Denifons of the tvho!e Tnbe of the Pitbeci, 
snd cornpHmetit them whh tht Dtnum Civiiath, as appears by 
%ht namt> in ijic. Tiiui Motiley, which, the Ecymologitts tell ti«» 
COmo from Monkin, M^nlJetn, homi^ncului. Bshtmn^ from B^^f, 
the cenxjiQation denotin? addition and increment, a large B^be. 
iktAntjfre fpeaks its original. And w\\cw they ha\'e brought their 
SirOAnes wjtK them from their native Country, u jipi» the cem- 
jAon people have u it were Chriflcn'd tlicm by the zjdditton of 





7$e T E M 1» IB S T. 

Eui nmc (?/ us car'd for Kate j 

jppr fie bud a tpngae wtib a tang^ 
lVo$dd cry to a faikry go hai^ : 
Sbt hn/d hH d^^ favour of tar ncr cf piub^ 
Tet a ti^kr mgbtjcralcb ber^ wben-e'^rfie diditcin 

Tbm So ficy boySy and lit bergo b^mg. ^U 
This is a icorvy tune too \ but here's my comfort. ^^ 

CaL Do not torment mc, oh! 
Ste. What's the matter? ' have we devils here? 
you put triclcs upon's with falvages, and men of Xi 
ha? 1 have not leaped drowning, to be afraid now 
your four legs i for it harh been laid» As proper a 
AS ever went upon four legs, cannot make him g?i 
ground V and it ihali be faid fo again, while Sh 
breaches zt his noftrils. 

Gil. The fpirit torments me : oh ! 
St^t, Tins n Ibme monllcr of the ifle^th four 
who has got, as I take it, an ague : where the dei 
Ihould he learn our language? I w!l give him foi 
relief, if it be but for that : if I can recover him, 
keep Iiim ramc, and get to NapUs with himj he*; 
prcRnt for any Emperor that ever u'od on ncai 

C*/. Do not torment me, p^rythec \ Til bring 
wood home faller. 

Sif» He's in h» fit now; and does not talk 
the wifert : he Ihall tallc of my botde* Jf he m 
drunk wine afore, it will go near to remove his fit (j 

g Itwvi 11.'/ Jiviii herf? Sahjagis and men o^Inde ? — - 

yourfcur ir^s ;] All this is a pleafant ridicule of MaitftJfvilt'i rc- 
iufons in his V^oyagcs. H'ha prtttndtd to htt^'t trttvtUd iM 
mn tnthauKui Vnh depin the va/^- &/ Dt^veltt, 'which f^sUt 
ftpfi hi, t'j alit fuHt of Di'utUh and h^the btn uUt tutyt, 
Mtn fryn iherf^ th^t it h on ef th eriinti of H^IU, 
fiimt: AurKaf Illrcwifc la hi? account of the Salvages and Mr 
hdch-^ tunfcribcd, as of his own biowlcdgc, all the £»bloJ 
Fiiwt crtocf rning men with lone £ar&» one Eye, one Foot.' 

7l>e T E M f E s T. 45 

I can recover him, and keep him tame, I will not take 
too much for him: he Ihall pay for him, that hath 
him, and that foundly. 

Oil, Thou doft me yet but litde hurt ; thou wilt 
anon, I know it, by thy trembling : now Pro/per works 
upcm thee. 

Ste. Come on your ways ; open your mouth -, here 
is that which will give language to you. Cat ; open 
your mouth : this will fhake your fhaking, I can tell 
you, and that foundly: you cannot tell who's your 
fiiend ; open your chaps again. 

3n«r. I (houldknow that voice : it fhould be— 
but he is drown*d ; and thefe are devils ; O ! defend 
me— — 

Ste. Four legs and two voices -, a moft delicate 
monftcr! *' his forward voice now is to ipeak well of 
♦' his friend ; Ms backward voice is to Jpattcr foul 
« fpceches,'^«nd to detraft." If all the wine in my 
bottle wll recover him, I will help his ague : come : 
jfyten ! I will pour fome in thy other mouth, 
Trin\ Stepbano^ ■ 

Ste, Doth thy other mouth call me ? mercy ! mercy ! 
this is a devil, and no monfter : I will leave him \ I 
have BO Icmg fpoon. 

7rz«. Stephano! \i thonhtt^ Stepbano^ touch me, 
and fpeak to me ; for I am Trmcuh ; be not afraid, 
thy good friend Trinculo. 

Ste. If thou beeft 7nwf«/o, come forth, I'll pull thee 
by the lefler legs : if any be TrincuIo*% legs, thefe are 
they. Thou art very Trinculo^ indeed : how cam'ft 
thou to be the fiege of this * moon-calf? can he vent 

Trin, I took him to bekill'd with a thunder-ftroke : 
but art thou not drown'd, Stepbano ? I hope now, 
thou art not drown'd : is the ftorm over-blown ? I hid 

t M$9n.calf?'\ It was imagined that the Moon had an ill in- 
ildCQce on tbo inf«ni*s underflanding. Heoco Idiots were called 


46 Tie Tempest 

me under the dead moon-calPs gaberdbe, for fear of 
the ftorm : and an thou living, SlepbaMof O Sscpbam% 
two NcapoIirofTS fcap'd! 

Sie. Fr*ydiee, do not turn me about, my ilomach 
is not conftint, 

Cai. Thcfe be fine things, an if they be not Ipr^ts: 
that's a brave god, and bears ccleftial liquor : I m 
kneel to liim. 

Sie. How didft thou Icape ? how cam' ft thou 
ther ? fwear, by this botde, how thou cam'ft hither 
I eicap'd upon a butt of fack, which the lailors heav*< 
over-board, by tJus bottle ! wliich I made of the 
of a tree, widi mine own h^nds, lince I was 

CaL ni fwear upon that botdcj to be thy true (i 
ycQ ; for the liquor is not earthly, 

Sie. Here; fwear then, how cIcapMft thou ? 

Trift. Sworn a-lhore, man, Ulce a duck ; 1 can fwi 
lUte a duck^ Til be fworn. 

Su. Here, kifs the book* Though chou can' 
fwim like a duck, thou art made like a gpofc. 

9'mi. O SicphanQy haft any more of this ? 

Ste. The whole butt, man; my cellar is in a 


ts hid. Hcyw Q01 

by th' fca-fide, wlicre my 
moon-calf, how does dune ague ? 

Cat, Haft thou not dropt from heav'n? 

Ste, Out o' th' moon, I do alTure thee. 
man in rh' moon, when time was, 

CaL I ti«ive fcea thee in her ; and I do adore cbec^^ 
roy miftrefs thew'd me thee, and thy dog and thy bu(b.p^ 

Stc. Come, fwear to tliat ; kus the book : I will" 
fumifh It anon witli new contents : fwean 

Trin. By this good light, this is a very (hallow rooR- 
ftcf : * I afraid ot lum ? a very IhalJow monllcr : the 

z / sfr.'iiJ of him } a *vef-t flti^lkiv mcnjier^ &c ] Jr h CO be ob- 
frrvcdihar Trirtctihi\ic I'pcakcr li not ciiar^ed with bi'ing afraid : 
bur ir us5 his CoiiCcfourncfs (hit he mi* To ctut drew this bragg 

I was the 

7%e Tempest. 47 

man i' th* moon?- a moft poor credulous monfter : 

well drawn, monfter, in good Iboth. 

Cal. ril (hew thcc every fertile inch o*ch* Ifle, and 
I will kifc thy foot : I pr'ythce, be my god. 

Trin, By this light, a moft perfidious and drunken 
monfter ; when hb god's afleep, hc*ll rob his bottle. 

Cal. Pll kils thy foot. Til fwear my felf thy fubjed. 

Ste. Come on then ; down, and fwear. 

Trin. I Ihall laugh my feif to death at this puppy* 
headed monfter : a moft fcurvy monfter ! I could find 
in my heart to beat him 

Su. Come, kifs. 

^m.— — But that the poor monfter's in drink : an 
abominable monfter ! 

Cal. « ril (hew thcc the beft Iprings; FU pluck 
" thee berries, 
*' Pll fifli for thee, and get thee wood enough. 
*' A plague upon the tyrant that I ferve 1 
** rU bear him no more fticks, but follow thee, 
*' Thou wond'rous man." 

SriH, A moft ridiculous monfter, to make a wonder 
«f a poor drunkard. 

Cal. " I pr'ythce, let me bring thee where crabs 
" grow ; 
** And I with my long nails will dig thee pig-nuts i 
•* Shew thee a jay's ncft, and inftrudl thee now 
** To fnare the nimble marmazet ; I'll bring thee 
** To cluft'ring filberds, and fometimcs Til get thee 
•* » Young Shamois from the rock. Wilt thou go 
"with me?" 

Su. I pr'ythce now, lead the way without any more 
talking. Trimulo^ the King and all our company eUe 
being drown'd, we will inherit here. Here, bear my 
botde i fellow Trinculo^ we'll fill him by and by again. 

3 TMtng ScA}Aiit/r$m th$ r«fi.] We ihouM lead Shamoi «« 
#• r. jrottng ICids. 


48 ?^^ T E M P £ S T. 

Cal. [Sings drunkenfy,'} Farewely mafter ; faremdf 

7rin, A howling monftet ; a drunken monfter. 

Cal. No fftcre dams Fll make for fijb^ 
Nor fetch in firir^ at requiring^ 
Nor fcrape trencher^ nor wafh dtjb^ 
Baif Batfy Cacalyban 
Has a new mafier^ get a nevf man. 
Freedom, hey-day! hey-day, freedom ! freedom j hey- 
day, freedom ! 

Ste, O brave monftcr, lead the way, {Exmll, 


Before Profpero'j CelL 

Ehter Ferdinand, bearing a log, 


THERE be fbme j^^orts are painful, but thffl' 
Delight in them fets off: Ibme kinds orbafenefi 
Are nobly undergone, and moft-poor matters 
Point to rich ends. This my mean task wou'd be 
As heavy to me, as 'tis odious : but 
The miftrefs, which I ferve, quickens what's dead^ 
And makes my labours pleafurcs: O, fiic is 
Ten times more gentle, than her father's crabbed'; 
And he*s compos*d of harflinefs, I muft: move 
Some thoufands of thefe logs, and pile them up. 
Upon a fore Injunftion. My fweet Miftrels 
Weeps when fhe fees me work, and fays, fuch balencTs 
Had ne'er like exccuter ; I forget ; 
But thefc fwcet thoughts do ev'n rcfrelh my labour, 
Mod bufic-lefs, when I do it. 


7$e T E M p fi s T, ^g 

Enter Miranda j and Prolpero, at a Sftance mfien. 

Msra, Alas, now, pray you. 
Work not fo hard ; I would the lightning had 
Burnt up thofe logs, that thou*rt,. enjoined to pile : 
Pray» let it down and reft you } when this bums, 
'Twill weep for having wearied you : my father 
Is hard at ftudy ; pray now, reft your felf ; 
He*s iafe for thefe three hours^ 

Fer, O moft dear miftrefe. 
The fun will fet before I fhall difchargc 
What I muft ftrive to do. 

A£ra. If you*llfit down, 
1*11 bear your logs the while. Ptay, g^vc me that; 
I'll carry't to the pile. 

Fer, No, predous acature, 
I'ad rather crack my finews, break my back. 
Than you ftiould fuch diftionour undergo. 
While I fit lazy by. 

Mira. It would become me. 
As well as it does you ; and I fhould do it 
With much more cafe ; for my good will is to it. 
And yours it is agsunft. 

Pro. Poor worm ! thou art infcftcd ; 
This vifitation fhews it. 

Mira, You look wearily. 

Fer, No, noble miftrcfs ; 'tis frefli morning with me. 
When you arc by at night. I do befeech you, 
(Chiefly that I might fet it in my prayers) 
What is your name ? 

Mra. MranJa, O my father, 
I've Ixoke your heft to fay fo, 

Fer, Admir'd Miranda! 
Indeed^ the top of admiration ; worth 
What's dcareft to the world ! full many a lady 
Pvc cy*d with beft regard, and many a time 
Hi' harmony of their tongues hath into bondage 

Vot. I. E Brought 


JO 7%e Tempest. 

Brought my too diligent car; for fcvcral viitucs 
Have I lik'd fevcral women, never any 
With fo full foul, but fon:ie dcfe£l in her 
Did quarrel with the nobleft grace fhc ow*d. 
And put it to the foU. But you, O you. 
So perfed, and fo peerlefs, are created 
Of every creature's bcft. 
ASra, I do not know 
One of my fex ; no woman's face remember. 
Save from my glafs mine own ; nor have I fccn 
More that 1 may call men, than you, good ftkndy 
And my dear father ; how features are abroad, 
I'm skillefs of-, but, by my modefty, 
(The jewel in my dower) I would not wifh 
Any companion in the world but you ; 
Nor can imagnation form a ihape, 
Befides your felf, to like of But I prattle 
Something too wildly, and my father's precq)ts 
I therein do forget. 

Ffr. lam, in my condition, 
A Prince, Miranda-, I do think, a King; 
(I would, not fo ! ) and would no more endure 
This wooden flavcry, than I would fuflfer 
The fiefh-fiie blow my mouth. Hear my Ibtd ^leak; 
The very inftant that I faw you, did 
My heart fly to your fervice, there refidcs 
To make me flave to it, and for your fake 
Am I this{)atient log-man. 
Mira. Do you love me ? 

Fer. O heav'n, O earth, bear witnefs to this finindy 
And crown what I profcfs with kind event. 
If I Ipeak true ; if hollowly, invert 
What beft is boaded mc, to mifchief ! I, 
Beyond all. limit of what elfe i*th' world. 
Do love, prize, honour you. 

AUra, I am a fool. 
To weep at what Tm glad of. 


7^e Tempest. 51 

Pfp. F«r iencQunter 
Of two moft rare aSt£UoQS ! hcav'ns nun grace, 
On that which breeds between *cm I 

Fer, Wherefore weep you ? 

MIra. At mine unworthineis, that dare not ofier. 
What I defire to give ; and much Icfs take. 
What I {jisH die to want : but this is trifling ; 
And all the more it fecks to hide it felf. 
The bi^er bulk it fliews. Hence, baflifiil cunning 5 
And prompt me, pLun and holy innocence. 
I am your wife, if you will many me ; 
If not, I'll die your mud : to be your feUow 
You may deny me ; but Til be your fervant. 
Whether you will or no. 

Fer. My miftrefi, dcareft. 
And I thus humble ever. 

Mira. My husband then ? 

Fir. Ay, with a heait as willing 
As bondage e'er of freedom ; here's my hand. 

MSra. And mine, with my heart in*t ; and now 
Till half an hour hence. 

Fer. A thouland, thoufand. {Exeunt^ 

Pro. So glad of this as they, I cannot be. 
Who arc furpriz'd withal ; but my rejoicing 
At nothing can be more. Til to my book \ 
For yet, ere fupper-time, muft I perform 
Much bufinels appertaining. [Exit. 

S C E N E 11. 

Changes to ancther fart of the IJland. 

Enter Caliban, Stephano and Trinculo. 

Ste. Tell not me •, when the butt is out, we will 
drink water, not a drop before ; therefore bear up, 
and board 'em, lervant-monfter \ drink to me. 

E 2 Trin. 

52 The Tempest. 

7rm. Servant- monftcr! rfic ftdly of this afland^ 
dicy &y, dierc's but five upon this iQc ; we arc three 
of man, if the other two be brain'd hkc us, the ftate 

Su, Drink, fervant-monftcr, when 1 bid thcc ; 
eyes are alxnoft let in thy head. 

trin. Where Ihould they be fet dfc ? he were 
brave monftcr indeed, if they were fct in his taiL 

Ste, My man-monfter hath drown*d Jus tongue 15 
fade : for my part, the fea cannot drown me* I fwam, 
ere I could recover the (here, five and thirty lcagaes» 
c)? and on \ by this light, thou (halt be my Ucutcnantt 
inonfter, or my ftandaid, 

7ritt. Your lieutenant, if you lift ; hc*s no ftandaid. 

Ste. We'll not run, monficur monftcr, 

Trin, Nor go neither : but you'll he like dogs, 
yet fay nothing ndther, 

Stc. Moon-calf, fpcak once in thy fife, if thou 
a good moon-calf. 

CaL How docs thy honour ? let me lick thy Ihoc j 
I'll not ferve him, he is not valiant. 

I'rin. Thou licft, moft ignorant monfter, I am ill 
cafe tojuftlc a conftablc; why, thou dcbofh'd 6ih 
chou, was there ever a man a coward that hacb 
drunk fo much iack as I to-day I wilt thou tell a 
monftrous lie, being but half a filh, ami half a 
monftcr ? 

Col, Lo, how he mocks me : wilt thou let him, cay 

Trin, Lord, quoth he! that a monftcr (hould be 
luch a natural \ 

Cat, Lo, lo, again \ bite him to deaths I pr^thct 

Sti, Trimulc^ keep a good tongue in your head; 
if you prove a mutineer, the next tree— ^ thi 
poor monfter*s my fubjcft, and he ftiall not fuffia- in- 


T^e Tempest, 

Cal. I thank my noble lord. Wilt thou be pleasM 
to hearken once ag^ to the fuit I made to thee ? 

Sle. Marry, wll I ; kneel and repeat it 5 I will 
ftand, and lb fhall Trinculo, 

Enter Ariel hrvifihk, 

Cal, As I told thee before, I am fubjcd to a tyrant, 
a (brcerer, that by his cunning hath cheated me of the 

yfrL Thou lieft. 

GiA Thou lieft, thou jefting monkey, thou ; 
I would, my valiant maftcr would dcftroy thee: 
I do not lie. 

Su. trincuhi ifyou trouble him any more in's tale, 
by this hand, I will fupplant Ibmc of your teeth. 

^rin. Why, I faid nothing, 

Ste, Mum then, and no more ; proceed. 

Cd, I fay, by ibrcery he got this ifle ; 
From me he got it. If thy grcatnefs will 
Revenge it on him, (for, I know, thou dar'ft. 
But this thing dares not. ) 

Ste. That's moft certab. 

Cd, Thou fhak be lord of it, and I'll ferve thee. 

Ste, How now fhall this be compaft ? canft thou 
bring me to the party ? 

Cd, Yea, yea, my lord, ?I1 yield him thee afleep. 
Where thou may'ft knock a n^l into his head. 

jirL Thou lieft, thou canft not. 

Cd, What a py'd ninny's this? thou fcurvy patch ! 
I do befeech thy greatneis, ^ve him blows. 
And take his bottle fi*om him \ when that's gone. 
He fhall drink nought but brine, for I'll not mew him 
Where the quick frefhes are. 

' Sie. Trincuhj run into no further danger : interrupt 
the monfter one word further, and, by th^s hand, I'll 
turn my mercy out of doors, and make a ftock-Bfh 
of thee. 

E 3 Tj/u. 



TTk Tempest. 

fria. Why, what did I? I did notUng} I'll go 
further off. 

Su. Didft thou not fay, he ly*d ? 

yiri. Thou licit 

Ste. Do I fo ? take you that. [Beafs bim. 

As you like this, give me the lie another time. 

Trin, I did not ^ve thee the lie ; out o' your wits, 
and hearing too ? A pox o' your bottle ! this canfiidc 
and drinking do. A murrain on your monfter, and the 
devil take your fingers ! 

Cai Ha, ha, ha. 

Ste, Now, forward with your talc ; pr'ythcc, ftand 
further off. 

CaL Beat him enough ^ after a litde time 
ril beat him too. 

Ste. Stand further. Come, proceed. 

CaL Why, as I told thee, *tis a cuftom with him 
Fch' afternoon to fleep ; there thou may*ft brain him. 
Having firft feiz'd his books : or with a log 
Batter his skull, or paunch him with a ftake. 
Or cut his wczand with thy knife. Remember, 
Firft: to pofTefs his books ; for without them 
He's but a for, as I am ^ nor hath not 
One Ipirit to command. They all do hate him. 
As rootedly as I. Burn but his books ; 
He has brave utenfils, (for fo he calls them,) 
Wliich when he has an houfe, he'll deck withal. 
And that moll deeply to confider, is 
The beauty of his daughter ; he himfelf 
Calls her a non-pareil : I ne'er faw woman. 
But only Sycorax my dam, and fhe : 
But fhe as far furpaflcs SycoraXj 
As gre.iteft does the leafl. 

Ste. Is it fo brave a Lafi ? 

CaL Ay, lord ; fhe will become thy bed, I watrant, 
And bring thee forth brave brood. 


72>e Tempest, 

Ste. Monftcr, I will kill this man : his daughter and 
1 will be King and Queen, fave our Graces : and Trin^ 
(ulc and thy fclf Ihall be Vice-Roys. Doft thou lUcc 
the plot, Trinculo? 

Trin. Excellent. 

Ste. Give me thy hand ; I am fony , I beat thee : but, 
while thou liv'ft, keep a good tongue in thy head. 

Cd, Within this half hour mil he be afleep ; 
Wilt thou deftroy him then ? 

Sie. Ay, on my honour. 

Art. This will I tell my mafter. 

Cd. Thou mak'ft me merry ; I am full of pleafurc; 
Let us be jocund. Will you troul the catch, 
You taught me but while-ere ? 

Ste. At thy rcqueft, monftcr, I will do reafbn, any 
realbn; come on, trinculo^ let us fmg. [Sin^^. 

Ffout 'emy and shut *emi and shut 'em, and fiput 
*em\ thought is free. 

Cal, That's not the tunc. 

[Ariel plays tie tune on a Taker and Pipe. 

Ste, What is this fame ? 

Trin. This is the tune of our c^ch, plaid by tte 
pifture of no-body, 

Ste. If thou be'ft a man, Ihcw thy felf in the like- 
ncfs \ if thou be'ft a devil, take't as tbou lift. 

Trin. O, forgive me my (ins ! 

Ste, He that dies, pays aU debts: I defie thee. M^* 
cy upon us ! 

Ctf/. Art thou afiaid ? 

Ste No, monfter, not I. . . 

Cd. Be not afrakl $ the iHe is/idl^ndfes, [not. 
Sounds, and fweet airs, that g^ve. delight, and hurt 
Sometimes a thoufand cwangvig in^b'Umcnts 
Will hum about mine ears, and fometiflEies voices j 
That, if I then had wakM after kmg fleep. 
Will make me fleep again ; and then in ^reaming. 
The ck>uds» methoiQ;h(> would open, «)^ fliew riches 




Tie Tempest, 

Ready to drop upon me ; that when I wak*d» 
I cry'd to dr^m again. 

St€, This will prove a bnnrc kingdom to me, 
I ihall have my miilick for nothing. 

Col. When Profpno is dcftroy*d. 

Su. That ihall be by and by ': I remember the ftory. 

^rin. The found is going away ; let's follow k^ and 
after do our work. 

St€. Lead, monller; we'll follow. I would Icooid 
fee this taborer. He lays it on. 

Th'ff. Wilt come? 1*11 follow 5/^&nr0. [fxem/. 


ChoMgts to cMQtber Part of the IfiaaJL 

Enter Alonlb, Sebaftian, Anthonio, Gonzalo^ Addan, 
Frandico, &c. 

Gcu. T> Y*R lakin, I can go no further, Sr, 

•D My old bones ake : here's a maze trodt 
Through forth-r^hts and meanders \ by your piticnca, 
I needs muft reft me. 

Ahn. Old lord, I cannot blame thee, 
Who am my felf attached with wearinefi. 
To th* dulling of my Spirits : fit down and reft. 
Ev*n here I wll put off my hope, and keep it 
No longer for my flatterer: he is drowned. 
Whom thus we ftray to find, aixi the lea modct 
Our fruftrate fearch on land. Well, let him go. 

Am, I am right glad that he's io out of hope. 
Do not, for one repulfe, forego the purpole 
That you refohr'd t'efieft. 

Seh. The nen advantage 
Will we take throughly. 

Ant, Let it be to night ; 
For, now they are pt^dsM wiUi travel, they 

' wa 

Tie Tempest, 

Will nor, nor cannot, ufc fuch vi^lancct 
As when they're frdh. 

Sfk I lay, to night : no more* 

S^ttmn andftrange mufick \ And Proibero m the t&p^ 
imiifible. Enter fevird firmgt Jnapes^ bringing in 
a banquet ^ and Jance about it with gentle anions 
(ffalutati&n% and^ inviting the King^ &:c. i& eat^ 
fiijt depart, 

Alon. What harmony is this? my good fticnds, 

Gm» Marvellous fwect muQck! 

jilon. Give us kind keepers, heaven ! what were thcfc i 

Seb, A living drollery. Now I will believcj 
'hat there are unicorns ; that, in Arabia 

icrc is one tree, the phoenix' throne j one phoenix 
At this hour reigning there. 

Jnt, m believe both ; 

id what does clfc want credit, come to me, 

id ril be fwom *tis true. Travellers ne'er did lie, 
'hoiigh fools at home condemn *em# 

Gmu If in Napks 

Ihould report this now, would they believe mc? 
If I Ihould lay, I faw fuch illandcrs : 
(For, certes* thefc are people of the illand) 
Who tho' they are of monftrous fhape, yet, note, 
Their manners are more gentie, kind, than of 
Our human generation you fliall find ^ 

Many i nay, almoft any. * 

Pro, Honcft lord. 
Thou haft faid wcU \ for Ibme of you there prcfcnt 
Are worfe than devils. 

jilon, I cannot too much mufr. 
Such (hapcs, fuch gefturc, and fuch found, exprcfllng 
(Although they want the ufc of tongue) a kind 
Of excellent dumb difcouric* 




lie T E MiP'i s T. 

♦ Pro, Praife, in departing.—- rw— r ' 

Fran, They vanifh'd ftrangely. 

Seb. No matter, fince . 
TheyVe left their viands behind ; for we have ftomachs. 
Wilt pleafc you taftc of what is here? 

Alon, Not L [boy^ 

Gon. F^th, SiVy you need not fear. When we were 
Who would believe, that there wiere mountaineers, 
Dew-lapt like bulls, whofc throats had hang^i^ at 

Wallets of flefti, or that there were fisch men, 
Whofe heads flood in their breafts ? which now wc find, 
* Each putter out on five for one will bring us 
Good warrant of. 

Alon. I will ftand to, and feed. 
Although my laft ; no matter, fince I feel 
The belt is paft. Brother, my lord the Dukc> 
Stand to, and do as we. 


Sunder and lightning. E^tter Ariel like a barfjy d^ 
bis wings upon the table^ and with a qu'mt. device 
the banquet vani/bes. 

Ari. You are three men of fin, whom deftinj 
(That hath to inftrument this lower worid, 

4 Pro. Praifi in Jiparting.'\ This is a farcatin. Thqrwcfe 
prufmg the mufic and attendance of this vilionrLry Katertainment ; 
but their commendations were too haHy. for the Banquet was pre- 
fently fnatcheU from them : fo that the mufic was only a praude 
to a Mockery. Profpero therefore fays, Stay your prai/es ^tiU ysu 
have tndedyour enUrtaiMmemt. . . 

Prarfi in departing. 
The phrafe alludes to the cultotn o? GueRs praifing their enter- 
tainment when they rife from the Banquet. 

5 Each putter 9ut on five far one — ] A Satire on the Voyi^eit 
of that time, who had juft oifcovered a new World ; and, ai wa^ 
natunl. gave very extravagant accpunts of the wonders jof, i^ 
Their Ventures in thefe expeditions arc alluded to in the title, 
given them, ci putters out onfvefar pnt^ 


The Tempest. 

And what is b't) the ncvtr-furfcited fea 
Hatli cauied to belch up •, and on this Ifland 
Where man doth not iohalric, you 'mongft men 
Being moft unfit ro live I have made you mad ; 
And e^n with fuch like valour men hang and drowa 
Their proper felvcs. You fools ! I and my fellows 
Are mintfters of fate; the elements, 
Of whom your fwords are tempered, may as well 
Wound the loud winds, or with bcmockt-at ftabs 
Kill the ftill^clofing waters, as diminiJh 
One down that's in my plume : my fellow-miniflcrs 
Are Uke invulnerable. If you could hurts 
Your fwords are now coo maflie for your ftrengths, 
And will not be up-iifted. But remember, 
(For that's my bufineis to you) that you three 
From Milan did fupplant good Projpero : 
Expos'd unto the fca (which Juth rcquit it) 
Him, and his innocent child : for which foul deed 
The powers delaying, not forgetting^ have 
Incens'd the feas and fhores^ yea, all the creatmrs» 
Ag^nft your peace : thee of thy ibn^ Almfi^ 
Tney have bereft ; and do pronounce by me. 
Lingering perdition, woric than any death 
Can be at once, fhall (tep by ftep attend 
You and your ways; whofe wrath to guaid youfixim, 
(Which here in this moft dcfolate Ifle clfc falls 
IJpon your heads,) is nothing but hean's Ibrrow, 
And a dear \i[Q enfuing. 

Ih vimljhts in thunder: fbm^ tafoft mufuk^ Enter ibe 
fiapes agajrt^ and dunce with mops and mowes^ and 
carrying out the tahle» 

Pre, Bravely the figure of this harpy haft thou 
Pcrform'd, my Arid \ a grace it had, devouring ; 
Of my inftruffion hafl tliou nothing 'bared, 
In what thou hadft to fay : fo with good life, 
And oblervattgn itrange, my meaner miisi Iters 


6o Tie Tempest. 

Thdr fcvcral kinds have done ; my high charms vnxk^ 
And thcfe, mine enemies, are all knic up 
In their diftraftions: they are in my power i 
And in thcfe fits I leave them, whUft I vtfk 
Young Ferdinand^ (whom they fuppofe is drown'd,) 
And his and my lov'd darling. . 

[Exit Profpcro from above, 

Gon, Fth* name of fomething holy. Sir, why fiami 
In this ftrangc ftarc ? 

Abn. O, it is monftrous ! monftrous ! 
" Methoughts, the billows fpoke, and told me of it; 
^* The winds did fing it to me ; and the thunder, 
'* That deep and dreadful oi^an-pipe, pronounced 
«* The Name of Pro/per: it did bafe my treibafi. 
Therefore my fon i* th' ooze is bedded ; and 
ril feek him deeper than e*er plummet founded. 
And with liim there lye mudded. [Exii* 

Sek But one fiend at a time, 
ni fight their legions o'er. 

JnL ril be thy fecond. [ExennL 

Gon, All three of them are dclpcrate ; ** their great 
** like poifon ^v'n to work a great time after, 
** Now *^ns to bite the fpirits. I do befeech you. 
That are of fuppler joints, follow them fwiftly % 
And hinder them horn wliat this ccftafie 
May now provoke them to. 

Adri, Follow, J pray you. 



77>e Tempest. Si 


Profpero'j dll. 
Enter Prolpero, Ferdinand, and Miranda. 
Prosper o, 

IF I have too auftenely punilh'd you. 
Your compenfation makes amends ; for I 
Have giv*n you here a {a) thread of mine own life ; 
Or that for which I live ; whom once again 
I tender to thy hand : all thy vexations 
Were but my tryals of thy love, and thou 
Haft (Irangely ftood die teft. Here, afore heaven, 
I ratify this my rich gift : O Ferdinand^ 
Do not iinile at me, that I boaft her off; 
For thou (halt find, ihe will outftrip all praife. 
And make it halt behind her. 

Fer, I believe it, 
Agiinft an orack. 

Pro. Then as my gift, and thine own acquifition 
Worthily purchased, take my Daughter. But 
** If thou doft break her ^ yir^-knot, before 
** All ianftimonious ceremonies may 
*• With full and holy Rite be minifter'd, 
** No fweet aiperiions (hall the heav'ns let fall 
•* To make this contraft grow : but barren hate, 
** Sour-ey*d difdain, and difcord Ihall befbrew 
«* The union of your bed with weeds fo loathly, 
** That you Ihall hate it both : therefore take heed. 
As Hymcn*s lamps ihall light you. 

J — v/rg-/«.i«tf/^— ] Allading to tht Latim phrafe of 

[(«} ^..^thnad^"''^ Mr. 7hf$haU,'^ Talg. third.l 


62 Tie Tempest. 

Fer. As I hope 
For qukt days, fdr iflue, and long life. 
With iiich love as 'ds now ; the murkieft den. 
The moft opportune place, the ftrong*ft fugg^on 
Our worfer Genius can, fhall never melt 
Mine honour into lufl; ; to take away 
The edge of that day's celebration. 
When I fhall think or Pbaius* ftccds are foundcr*d. 
Or night kept chain'd below. 

Pro. Fairly fpoke. 
Sit then, and talk with her, fhe is thine own. 
What, j/rid; my induftrious fervant, j^iel ■« ■ 

Enter Arid. 

jfri. What would my potent mafler ? here I am. 

Pro. Thou and thy meaner fellow) your htt 
Did worthily perform ; and I muft ufc you 
In fuch another trick ; go, ^ bring the rabble, 
0*cr whom I give thee power, here to this place : 
Incite them to quick morion, for I mufi 
Bellow upon the eyes of this young couple 
Some vanity of mine art ; it is my pronuie. 
And they cxpe£t it from me. 

j&i, Prefendy? 

Pro. Ay, with a twink. 

jfri. Before you can fay. Come, and go. 
And breathe twice ; and cry, lb, fo 5 
Each one, tripping on his toe. 
Will be here with mop and mow. 
Do you love mc, matter ? no ? 

Pro. Dearly, my delicate /iriel', do not approach, 
*Till thou dolt hear me call. 

jfri. Well, I concdve. [£xy/. 

4 -.^^ bring tbt rahhifjl i. e. of fpirics. 


Tie Tempest. 63 

Pro, Lode, thou be true ; do not ^ve dalliance 
Too much the ran $ the ftrongcft oaths are ftraw 
To th* fire i*th* blood : be more abftemious, 
Orelfe, good-n^ht, your vow! ■ 

Fer, I warrant you. Sir ; 
The wWte, cold, virgin-ffiow upon my heart 
Abates the ardour of my liver. 

Pro. Well. 
Now come, my jfrie!\ * bring a corollary. 
Rather than want a fpirit ; appear, and pertly' 
No tongue % all eyes ; be filent. [To Ferdinand. 

[Soft Mufick. 


A MASQUE. Enter Im: 

Iris. jCeres, xnott bounteous lady* thy rich kas 
Of wheat, rye, barley, fetches, oats, and peafe ; 
Thy turfy mountains, where live nibling fliecp* 
And flat meads thatch*d with ftovcr, them to keep ; 
Thy banks with ponied, and tulip'd brims» 
Which ipui^ jfyrilzt thy heft betrims. 
To make cold nymphs chafte crowns *, and thy («} brown 

Whole fhadow the difmifTcd batchelor loves. 
Being lafs-lom ; thy * palc-clipt vineyard. 
And thy fea-mame fteril, and rocky-hani» 


^ >■ hrinr a corollary, ] Ctro/Iarsum fignlfies what wc 

CiU fapernameraryt or» what is more than juft fufficient. The 
word has here a Angular propriety and elegance. For coro/larim 
were, amonga the Romans, the little g^ts given to the people 
wiwa Plays were exhibited to them at their public fefUvals j 
and foroiU crowns given to thofe A&otb who plcaiiBd more than 

6 .^— Ti&jr poi.E-CI.iPT vimeyardt 

Amd thy fia-marge fttrii, and rod^hmrd. ] Gil^ who has 
aade what he calls a Gkffarj on Sbake/^ar^ Uyi^^-PolfcHft- 

cli^t ' 

, f (i4 — hrewnirovis, O^eferd Edit.— Yulg. hrom grtvrs,'^ 



64 72^ T E M P E S T. 

Where thou thyBf do'ft air; the Queen o' th* skyj 

Whofe wat*ry arch and meffenger am I^ 

Bids thee leave thefe ; and with her Sovereign GracCfl 

Here on this grafs-plotj in this very place, 

To come and fport j her peacocks fiy amain 

Approach^ rich C^eSt her to entertaiu 

Enter Ceres. 

Cfr. Hail J many-colour*d meffenger^ that ne'er 
Doft difobey the wife of Jupiter : 
Who, wich thy faffron wings, upon my flowcr$ 
Diffuieft honey drops, refrclhing lliowers % 
And with each end of thy blue bow do'ft crown 
My bosky acres, and my unflirub'd down. 
Rich fcarf to my proud earth ; why hath thy Queett 
Summoned me hither, to this ihort-grafc green 

Iris. A cortraft of true love to celebrate. 
And fomc donation freely to cftate 
On the blefs*d lovers. 

Cer. Tell me, heavenly bow, 
M Venus or her Ion, as chou do*ft know. 
Do not attend the Queen : fincc they did plot 
The means, thac dusky Dts my daughter got. 
Her and her blind boy*s fcandal'd company 
I have forfwom. 

7m. Of her Ibciety 
Be not afraid j I met her deity 

tlift in tht i^rad. What he fand Iq bii head is net wortK inq 
ing. Clipt here Cgnlfiw tmhracr^i but p9lf'rtipt ia a corrupt 
reading. It (bun<!«ti wdl» becaiife vines arc fuppOTied by Poles, 
10 fay poU fiipt tiuti^arJ. And found was what the PUJIC^ 
Editor) only attended to. But a little fente might have onghc 
thczn thai "j/nej coold not be cajled poU-dtpt, tho' P»itt might 
be ullcd ^int-clipt. Shaktjfa^r wrote 

Ti^ PAtE'CLirx Vintyard. 

I, t, the W»«r«r^ incloled or fenced with PaU$^ in oppofidi 
to the wide and open ft a- marge or coaft. ^— ^»riy 
{hould be read wlih &n hyphen. It i» oi^e of the epiihci^ to 
margu m h&rd tit a rsek. 


rTBe Temp tsrr 65 

Cutting the clouds towaxds Papbos^ and her fon 
Dove-drawn i^dth her ; here thought they to have done 
Some wanton charm upon this man and maid. 
Whole vows are, that no bed-right Ihall be paid 
'Till Hymen^s torch be Hghted ; but b vain 
Mars's hot minion is retum'd again; 
Her walpifh-headed fon has broke his arrows ; 
Swears, he will ihoot no more, but play with iparrows^ 
Aqd be a boy right-out^ 

Cer, High Queen of ftatey 
Great Junoy comes; I know her by her gate. 

[Juno de/cendsy and enters. 

Jun. How does my bounteous fitter? go with mc 
To blefs this twain, that they may proi^'rous be, 
And iionour'd in their iilue. 

Jun. HimouTj ricbeSy marriage-bleffingy 
' Lcng continuance and encreajingy 
Homiyjoys be fitU upon you ! 
Ixino^ngs ber bl^ngs on you: 

Ccr. Earth's tncreafcy and foyfon-plentyy 
Sams and gmters never empty y 
VineSy with chjtring bunches growingi 
Plant Sy with goodtf burthen bowingy 
Spring come to yoUy at the fartbefi^ 
In the very end of harveft ! 
Scarcity and want JhaB fiun you \ 
Ceres* bleffing Jo is on you. 

Fer. ' This is a moft majeftick vifion, and 
HArmcmious chamning Lays : may I be bold 
To think thefe fpirits ? 



7 ^is is a mofi majtJHck wfiam^ and 

Harmtnious cbarminolt.} What was intended to 
be here commended wai, t. The vifion of the Goddeffes. 2. Their 
The vifon is commended in thefe Wordi, This is a mofi 

OMiJIse ^Ji^n, -fiut for they^iv',-'— weare put off with this 
V o X.. I. ' r nonfcnfe 

66 7bi T E M p £ s t. 

Pr*. Spirits, which by mine art 
I have from chdr confines call'd to cnaft 
My prefent fancies* 

Fir. Let me live here ever ; 
So rare a wondcr*d father, and a wifV, 
Make this place paradife, 

pTQ, Sweet now, filence : 
'^um and dres whifper fcrioufly ; 
There's fomething elfc to do \ hulh, and be mute. 
Or elfe our fpcU is marr*d, 

Juno ^W Ceres whifper^ and find Iris onk 

Iris. You nymphs, callM N^ads^ of the windi 
"With your fedg'd crowns, and ever-harmlefi looks> 
Leave your cri^ channels, and on this green land 
Anfwer your fummons, jfuna does command : 
Come, temperate nymphs, and help to celebrate 
A contraft of true love 5 be not too late. 

Enfer certain Nymphs, 

You fun-bum *d ficklemen, ot Augufi ^taxy^ 
Come hither from the furrow, and be merry j 
Make holy-day 1 your rye-ftraw liats put on. 
And thcfe frefh nymphs encounter every one 
In country footing. 

noDrcnfe and l^rmojtiout Cbarmingh^ To reftorc S^nft, uA 

the othcf part of ibe commetidndon, ^e muA needs rtad 

-^- ^— atid 

fiatfn9aUu4 charming L A ¥ f » 

And then boih chc ivXe«/afid the ^w^i will havethnr dur] 
Tbc word efjurmi/ig canrot with prcprieiy be kpplinl to Jii 
bot muftc ;LDd poetry, becaufc thcfc were fuppdcd to opcrmcc, u 
(harms. In our Author's iime the %voiJ was generally foapplj 
tho' i£ be now ufcd ridjculovfly on every <^je£t of plc&fufc. 

S C E 


Enter certain reapers y properfy habited \ they join with 
the fr/mphs in a graceful dance j towards the end 
whereof y Prorpcro ftarts Jiiddenfyy and Jpeaks\ after 

• vfbichy to arrange, hollow and confufed noifs^ they 
vamfb heofuily. 

Pro. I had forgot that foul con^nracy 
Of the bead CaUban^ and his confed'rates, 
Againft my Hfe j the minute of their plot 
Is almoft come. Well done, avoid ; no more, 

Fer, This is mod: ftrange; your iadier's in IbnM 
That works him ftrongly. 

ACr, Never 'tifl this day 
Saw I him touched with anger ib diftemper'd. 

Pro, You look, my fon, in a mov*a fort. 
As if you were difmay'd ; be chearful. Sir : 
Our revels now are ended : * ' thefe our adtors,' 
^ As I foretold you, were all Ijnrits, and 

• Alt 

%' ■ 7he/e our A3%r$^ 

As l/ortioldytut luere atlj^irtft, and 
Aft mthed into Air, into thin Air } 
And likt the haftltfi FaBric of th it % "Viston, 
Tht chttd-capt Teweri, ibe gorgeous Palacts^ 
nefohmn Temples, the great Glebe h/elf^ 
Tea all *wbich it inherit^ &all diffohv* ; 
And Me this un/ubjlantial Pageant faded, 

Ltwe nft a Rack behind • J In this readings all fublunary 

tlUngt, on account of their fleeting cxiflence, are compared to 
' d» nuik of fpirict, which, at the beck of Proj^er, vanifhed fad* 
den]/ away. But then there is a wretched uucology in the linei* 
And like the bafelefs Fabric 5ec. 
And like this unfrbfiantial Pageant &C 
NoC to mention the aukward cxprefiion of [^thetr Fifion^, which 
Air. Theobald, upon what Authority I know not. hath changed 
kio {^tbis Fi/on}. I fnppofe to make the expreffion a little more 
MtBral. I wootd read, 

Ad like the bafelefs Fabric ^ T H* Az a V 1 1 1 H t. 

Fa He 

6Q ^ T B M f E S T. 

* Are melted into air, into thin air j 

* And^ like the bafclds fabrick of th* air-vifion* 

* The cloud-capt towers, the gorgeous palaces, 

* The folemn temples, the great globe it felf, 

* Yea, all, which it inherit, fhall diflblve i 

* And, like this infubftaiitial pageant faded, 

He hsLd jttft before (ai4t that the Spnlti wctc melccd — .~^«|9 
iMi« tbiit Air, This fumiflics him with dic£ne (imtliuide of 
i^ifiont, which goierall/ appearing, as Sbsktfpear In 
place fays Ulce 

A iT^'tr'd Cftidiit a pendant J?vri, 
A forked Mountain^ or ffiue Fromentpry^ 
he very properly calls bafehfi Fabrics^ which doth not lb 
fgrce with fpirin in a human form, fiy this cmendattoQ UlC 
tology, taken notice of Above, is avoided \ and the Poet, 
great pcrfplcuity, and phy£caj exaftnefs, comparei the Globe; 
and all inanimate things upon ic, to Air Vifions ; and inea anJ 

ammals in the tvorda- jra ailrwhicb it iabfrit — ^lo thc^Jit» 

gfSpjritr, which the Speaker had jail before prerenced totf 
Further, ibat the Compaxifon wu indeed to Air yi/hmg ii 
cridcnt from the words^ 

— . /ea^£ nst a Rack hthiifdt 

which can refer only to Air Fifi^m. For Ua^k is the veftJge ef 
an embodied cloud > which hath been broken s-nd difTipoCexi )Sf th< 
.Winds. Blji IaAIy» to put the emendntion out of all reafMi:^^!^ 
«|aeflif>n r ^c have this very Simili titde tAAir F'tfioni Djgtio in A»i*vf 
and Chepatra, with tjils difference only, that it ji thiert applied 
the tranlicat glory of one man, and htrtt to that of human i hingt 

Anthony and Cleopatra. 

Ssm^tima ^we fie a C hud that* s dragotttfi, 

A 'vapour^ fimttimti like a bear or JtM, 

A t^^/rtd Ciridetf a putdattt HocJt, 

A ftrhd Mavntititt er blue Prome/ttftyi 

^-^-^^ thtt^fi fitn ihfjt ^gnt. 

They are bUct Vcfper's Pageants — 

That *wbi£b ii n&iv a Horft even nuttb a //vAg*/, 

^be Rack diJJimnt artd maktj it indi/fin^. 

As *u:ater if in fiwaUt — ^ ftt^TV tbjr Captain il 

E^tn fmh tf btdy i here Fm Anthony, 

Tet tanntit hid tkis *vrj$/e Sbapt^ Ac. ■ 

I will only add, chat the thought-' Tb^ are llari Ttfptr'i 

P^/*w/, is ^wonderfully beautiful. As it charaflerir- ' "~ 
FifitKit which appear only i\x the Evening, when the 

l%e Tempest. 69 

« 9 Leave not a rack behind! we are fuch fluff 
* As dreams are made on, and our little life 
« Is rounded with a fleep.'— ' Sir, I am vext ; 
Bear with my weaknefs, my old brain is troubled : 
Be not difturb'd with my infirmity ; 
If thou be pleas'd, retire into my cell. 
And there repofe : a turn or two PU walk. 
To ftill my beating mifld. 

F&r. ASra, We wifh your peace, 

[Exe. Fen and Mu". 
reflects its ligl\t apon the oppofite Clouds ; and as it gives a vaft 
force to the Similitude, which iniinuatet that human glory is as 
certainly Tuccecded by Mifery, as thefe gaudy Appearances by a 
dark cloudy Night. It is obfervable, that the time at which ^/v- 
j^rtf ufes this Similitude of Air Vifions^ is the Evening. 

9 Leavt not a Rack hthindt--^ The Oxford Editor not knowing 
wist Mariners call the Rack of a Cloud, namely the Veftige of 
it, after it has been broken and driven by the wind, alters it to 

I ■ I ■ 5/r, lanfvext^ 

Star tvitb $ny weaknefs, irty old brain is troubled: ] 
■ 'Proffer* here difcovers a great emotion of anger on his fudden 
recolkdion of Caliban's plot. This appears from the admirable 
reflexion he makes on the in{igni6cancy of human things. For 
thinkiog men are never under greater deprelEon of mind than 
when they moralize in this manner : and yet, if we turn to the 
occafion of his diforder, it does not appear, as firll view, to be a 
thing capable of moving one in Profpero^t circuroftances. The 
Plot of a contemptible Savage and two drunken Sailors, all of 
whom he had ab{olutely in his power. There was then no ap- 
prehenfion of danger. But if we look more nearly into the cafe, 
we ihall have reafon to admire our Author's wonderful knowledge 
of natare. There was fomething in it with which great minds 
are moil deeply affefted, and that is the Senfe of Ingratitude, He 
recalled to mind the Obligations this Caliban lay under for the 
inftruflioDS he had given him, and the conveniencies of life he 
had caught him to ul'e. But thcfe reflexions on Caliban's Ingra- 
titude would naturally recal to mind his brother^s : And then thefe 
two working together were very capable of producing all the dif- 
oider of p^ion here reprefented. — That thefe two, who had 
feccived« at his hands, the two beft Gifts moruls are capable of, 
when rightly employ^. Regal power and the Ufe ofrtafin ; that 
thcie, in return, fhould conQrire againft the hie of the Donor, 
fnonld furcly aAli6t a generous mind to iu ocmoft bearbg. 



He Tempest. 

Pro, Come with a thought j 1 thank you i-^— 

Ar'uU CCT.C. 

Profpero cwus fsrrDord from the Cell ; eater Arid to bm. 

jti. Thy thoughts I dsavc to ; what's thy plcafinc? 

Pto. Spirit, 
^Ve muft prepare to meet with CaUhan, 

Ari. Ay, my commander ; when I prefcntcd Ceres^ 
I thought to have told thee of it j but I fear'd. 
Left I might anger thee. 

Pro, Say again, where didft thou leave thefc varicts? 

Aru I told you, Sr, they were red hoc with drinlung} 
So full of valour, that they finote the air 
For breathing in their faces ; beat the ground 
For klHing di their feet ; yet always bending 
Towards their project. Then I beat my tabor. 
At which, like unbackt colts, they piickt their ean^ 
Advanc'd their eye-lids, lifted up their noies. 
As the}' fmclt mufick •, lb I charmed their can. 
That, calf-like, they my lowing followed through 
Tooth'd briars, fharp furzes, pric^ung go(s and thonis» 
Wliich cnterM their frail fhins : at lall I left them 
r th* filthy mantled pool beyond your cell. 
There dancing up to th* chins, that the foul lake 
O'er-ftunk their feet. 

Pro. This was well done, my bird ; 
Thy fliape in^fible retain thou ftill ; 
* The trumpery in my houfe, go bring it hither. 
For ftale to catch thefc thieves. 

Ari, I go, I go. [i&cr/. 

Pro. A devil, a bom de\'il, on whofc nature 
Nurture can never ftick } on whom my p^uns, 

2 T-Pf tru*rfery in my hvuft^ go bring it hither 

FarJIaif to <atcb tbtfi 7hit<ve3 — J If it be a»ked wfaxtne- 
cefTtty there was for this apparatus I anfwer that it was die 
fuperflitious hxizy of the people, in our Author's time, that 
Witches, Conjuron, &r. had no power over thole againft «4iom 
chey would employ their Charms, till they had got them at diii 
i4vgnuge, C O BimiKin g fome fia or other« ai here of theft. 



7%e T 2 M P E fi T. 

Humanely taken, all, all Joft, quite loll ; 
Anil, as with age, his body tigtier grows, 
So Jiis mind cankers 5 I will plague them all, 
Even to roaring : comtj hang them on this tine. 

[Prolpero retnatm ifrvtfibk. 


nier Ariel kadcn with glijlerw^ npparel^ &C* Enttr 
Caliban, Scephiino, d/^^/ Trinculoj all wet. 

CaL ftay you, tread fofdy^ that the blind mole 
may not 
Hear a foot fall ; we now are near liis cell, 

Si€, Monftcr, your Fahy, which you fay is a harmlefi 
Fairy^ has done little better than plaid the Jack with us. 

Trift. Monfter, I do finell aU horfe-pifs, at which 
my note is in great indignation. 

Ste, So is mine : do you hear, monfter ? if I fhould 
take a difpleafure againft you ; look you 

frin. Thou wer't but a loft monfter, 

Cai, Good my lord, give me diy favour ftiJJ : 
Be patient^ for the prize, 1*11 bring thee to. 
Shall hood- wink this mifchance ; therefore, Ipeak foftly ; 
All's hufht as midnight yet. 

Trin, " Ay, but to lofe our bot:!es in the pool^ — 

Ste. ** There is noc only diigrace and diihonour in 

that, monfter, but an Infinite !ofs. 

yViff. *" That's more to mc than my wetting; yet 

this is your harmlcfs Fairy, monfter. 

Su. ** I will fetch off my bottle, though I beo*cr 

cars for my labour." 

Cal. Pr'ythec, my King, be quiet : fecft thou here. 
This is the mouth o' ch* cell i no noifc, and enter; 
Do that good nuichief, which may make this ifland 
Thine own for ever 1 and 1, thy Caliban^ 
For ay thy foot-Uckcr, 



F + 



77)B T E M P E s f . 

Sis^ Give me thy hand : I do begin to have blocxJf 
thoughts* \pbanol 

^rin. ' O King Sfepbana! O Peer ! O worthy SOr 
Look» what a wardrobe here is for thee! 
CaL Let it alone, thou fool, it is but tralh. 
Tt'in, Ohj oil, monfter ^ we know what belongs ti 

ft frippery *, O, King Siepbano f 

Ste. Put off that gown, "trinculo j by this hand, Fll 
have tliat gown, 

l^rin. Thy grace fhall have it. [mean, 

C^L The dropfie drown this fool! what dp y 
To doat thus on fuch higgage ? lct*s along. 
And do the murder firft : if he awake, 
from toe to crown hell fill our skins with pinches; 
jyiake us ftrange ftuff, 

§ie. Be you quiet, monfter. Mlflrefs line, is n 
this my jerkin ? now is the jerkin under the line : no 
jerkin, you are hke to lofc your hair, and prove a 

ym. Do, do i we fleal by line and level, and' 
Bke your Grace, 

5/^. *' I thank thee for that jeft, here*s a garmcnc 
for*t ; wit ftiall not go unrewarded, while I ani 
King of cliis country : fteal by line and level, is an 
excellent pals of pate 5 there's another garment 

^rin, Monfter, come, put fomc lime upon your 

fingers, and away with the reft. I 

CaL I will have none on't ; we (hall lofe o\ir timfj 

And all be turn'd to barnacles, or apes 

With foreheads villanous low. 




3 Trin. O King Stcplianof O Fterf O ^^riby Steph4.n0 ! 

tS chcfc linci confifls in their being an allufion to an old celebi 
^lladt which begins thus, Kift^ Stephen ^was a *ivorify Petr 
and cdebrates tKac King's pnrfvmon)r with regard to liu 'U'ri 
rU*. Thttt aic two Sudz» of this ballad jn OthtiU, 

77>e Tempest. 

Sie. 'Monftcr, lay to your fingers ; help to bear this 
aw^^ where my hogfhead of wine is, or 1*11 turn you 
out of my kingdom ; "jgo to, carry this. 

^rrft. And this. 

S(c* Ay, and this, 

^ noifi of hunters heard. Enter divers Jplrits injhape 
of bounds^ hunting them about ; Profpero and Ariel 
fitting them on, Calib. Stcph. and Trine, drhen eutj 

Pre^ Hey, Mountain^ hey. 

^1. Silver; there it goes. Silver. 

Pro. Fury, Fury\ there. Tyrant, there; hark, hark; 
Go» charge my gobhns that they grind their joints 
With dry convulfions j fliorten up their finews 
With aged cramps ; and more pmch-fpotted make 

Than pard, or cat o' mountain, 

jlri. Hark, they roar* 

Pro, Let them be hunted foundly. At tliis hour 
Lye at my mercy all mine enemies : 
Shortly fhall all my labours end, and thou 
Shalt have the air at freedom 5 for a little. 
Follow, and do me fervicc* [Exeunt^ 


A C T V, S C E N E L *♦* 

Before the Oil. 
Epttr Profpero in his magick RoheSy and Arid. 


NO W does my projefl gather to a bead ; 
My charms crack not i my ipirits obey, and * time 



Chs wpright iftith ki* Carnagt^'] Th« thooglit Is pretty. 

— -Time 

Tie Tempest. 

Goes upright with his carnage: how's the 6xy? 

Jri. On the fixth hour, at which time, my lord^ 
You faid» our work fliould ceafe. 

Pro. I did iay fo. 
When firft I nus*d the tempeft; lay, my Ijririt, 
How fares the King and *s followers ? 

A^i, Confined 
In the lame fafhion as you gave in charge ; 
Juft as you left them, all your prifoners. Sir, 
In the LJTTte-Grove which weather-fends your cdL 
They cannot budge, 'till your relcafe. The King^ 
His brother, and yours, abide all three diftra£tea^ 
And the reminder mourning over them. 
Brim-full of Ibrrow and difinay ; but, chiefly. 
Him that you term'd the good cAd lord GmTsaU, 
His tears run down his beard, like winter drops 
From caves of reeds ; your doarm lb Ihongly works 

That if you now beheld them, your afie<5bions 
V/ould become tender. 

Pro. Do'ft thou think lb, fpirit? 

JrL Mine would. Sir, were I human. 

Pro. And mine Ihall. 
Haft thou, which art but air, a touch, a feeliog 
Qf their afflidtions, and Ihall not myfelf. 
One of their kind, that relifh all as fharply, 
Pafllon as they, be kindlier mov*d than thou art? 
Tho' witfi their high wrongs I am ftruck to th* quick. 
Yet, with my nobler reafbn, 'gainft my fury 
Do I take part ; the rarer aftion is 
In virtue than b vengeance ; they being penitent. 
The fole drift of my purpofe doth extend 
Not a frown further; go, releafe them, jiriel\ 

— — Tim« H ufcally re^yrerented u an old man almoft worn oatt 
«nd bending under his load. He is here painted as ia great vi- 
goar, and walking upright, to denote that things went profpe- 
roully 00. 


1^)6 Tempest* 

My charms Tl! break, tKeir fenfes I'll reftore. 
And they (hall be themfelves, 

M. rU fetch than, Sir. [£;f;'/. 


Pre. * Ye elves of hillsj brooks^ ftanding lakes and 

And ye, that on the fands with printlcfs foot 
Do chafe the ebbing Neptune ; and do fly him. 
When he comes back ; you demy-puppets, that 
By moon<fhiae do the green four ringlets make. 
Whereof the ewe not bites ; md you, whofe paftime 
Is to make midnight muflirooms, that rejoice 
To hear the folemn curfew ; by whofe aid 
(Weak mafters cho' ye be) * I have be-dimm'd 
The noon-tide fun, c^'d forth the rautinoua wind*, 

* And 


/ ho^t lf£*^imm'd 

^Lt rni9n'tid( Sun, £aild forth tht mattJiout ^winJsg, 
And ^i^ixt thf grctn Sea and th^ ttzttr^d vomU^ 
Sfi roaring lAmr i 1$ the drmd ratling thunder 
yja^e I giV^M firtt end rifttd Jove'j (i^ut Oak 
Wti^ his rjjH hoit : tin fironeeas*d Prgmentery 
Ila*vf I madt jhakt^ and by tht /purs pluckt op 
7J&/ PtHf mnd Ctdar ; Grava «/ mj commund 
Have walked their tlccpers ; opM, and Ice them ibrtti 
Bf my fa paUnt Art.] Here is evidenEly an abfur^l tranfpo- 
fition of the words in the la(l line bat oae. 6m Mr. 'Jht&hal^% 
delence <ff the prcfem reading ia ililj more abfiird. He juftifics the 
ezpre£ru>n of Gravet ^w^king thtir Sltep^rs, hy Beaum^m and 

ficicbtr*\ faying- Fami teaJteJii tht ruin'd Monumintt -^^ 

"whkh is 2n ejcprcdiQii porcty metaphorical, to fignify thac thofe 
monum^nta ar? brougliC ag^in into remembrance; zx^d is therefore 
juftifialile. But— Cra^/j aua*/^^ ihgirSitipers murt needs be un- 
dcfilood literally- For Pr^fp^ro wduld infinuate that dead men 
were actual!/ raifed lo life by hi* Art. Therefore the expreffion 
ii abfuid, and coafequendy ngne of S&akrfp^ar's, who cenauil/ 

1 Crafveff A/ my f^mmaad. 

Have opened, And let fonh their Sleepers, wak*d 

Bjf my f9 fount Art* 


76 T^e Tempest. 

* And 'twixt the green fca and the azur*d Tault 

* Set roaring war ; to the dread ratling thunder 

^ Have I giv'n fire, and rifted Jove^s ftout oak " 

* With his own bolt: the ftrong-bas'd prQmontOf7 

* Have I made fhake, and by the fpurs pluckt up 

* The [Hne and cedar : graves at my command 

* Have open'd, and let forth their flcepers, wak'd 

* By my fo potent art.* * But this rough magick 
I here aqure \ and when I have requirM 


As a further proof that Shake Atar wrote it thus, we may oblenre, 
that he borrowed this fpeech from MeJea^i in OviJ : 
Stantia cencutie cantu freta^ nuBila pgUo ; 
KMhilaque inJttco : ventos abigoque ifocoque : 
Vtptrtajqut rump9 'verbis ^ carmi fie fauces : 
Vi*tHtque faxa fua connml/aque rebora terra^ 
Et Jihias moveo : jubeeque trtsnefcert Montis^ 
Ef mugire foium m^nesqjte exire sepulcris. 
Kow manefque exire fepulcris is julUy exprefied as we have le- 
formed the lines, 

— Graves^ at my command^ 
.Ha*v$ opened, end let firtb ibeir Jieeperj, nvaPd 

By my fi petent art 

The third line cX his original containing an atchievement little in 
uCe amongft modern Inchancers he has with judgmeat omitted it 
in his imitation. 

6 ' But this rough magick 

I here abjure, Jind nuhen 1 ha*ve required 
Some heavenly mufick, lAtbtch e'vn noijc I do^ 
(To nvork mine end upon their Senfes^ that 
This airy charm is for;)/'// break my fiaff^ 5fC.— ] If 
the prefent reading be genuine, then» by \airy charm'\ is meant 
the hea*venly mufick two lines before. But this admitted, the con- 
fequcnce will be, I. A wretched tautology; He had faid — Sosue 
hea-venly mufick to vtork mine end ; and then immediately adds this 
4iify charm of mofic is/or working mine end. 2. As anpardoo- 
able a de/eS ; for* according to this fenfe and reading, we are not 
informed what this end was, by not being told the State of their 
Senfcs. We muft needs then by [airy charm] anderftand the fire 
and cracks of fmlphurous roaring, as it is called in the 3d Scene of 
A& I. and thunder and lightning in the 4th Scene of Aft III. 
which had in the higheft degree terrified the pcrfons concenwd. 
That this was the airy charm is farther evident from thefe words, 
ia the following Scene, The charm dijfohots apace^ andets^ &c. 



Some heavenly mufick, which cv*n now I do, 

(To work mine end upon tbejr fenibs, th^t 

ThU airy cf^arcn h^s frail'd i) ^ Til brwk my ftafTi 

Biiry'c a ccrum Mom in the earth; 

And deepef than did ever plummet founds 

ril drown ^Y book* [Solom Mufich 

SCENE ^11. 

Jlen pU^rs Ariel before \ then Alonzo with afrantkk 
gefture^ attended {rfGom:x\o. Sebartian^MwiAnthonio 

k in like manner^ attended ty h.^XiKnand¥nT\c\ico. ^bty 
all enter the ctfck wbkb Profpero bad maie^ and there 
Jtandcharnfd'^ which Profp^TQ c^ferviffv^ hfeais^ 
A folcmn air, and rhe beft comforter ■ ' 

b an unfctded fancy, cure thy brains 
ow ufelcfs, boil'd within thy skull! There ftand^ 
or you arc fpcll-ftopi. 




Holy Gonzab^ honourable man, 


\t was diffolved, we fee, by the hea^ertfy mujiek, and thcrefof* 
liilereiit from it. But if this be the fenfc ot airy f/mrm, then we ice 
thefeading [n for] muil be corrupt ^ and chat f^^jfr^r^r wrote* 

^^htavenif mufick—^ 

^ ^work mint tnd ufon tktit ftnfii, thui 
Thti atry chnrm hAs FitA.fL'D. 
t. whidh fenfes tKc airy charm of ^r/f/ Above-mentioned hat 
iHurbed and thattei'dr For that thj$ was thejr condition appeaii 
from the lines which follow in the next fcene. i 

■ The charm diJfQl'ves a^te ; 

And 0j ihe morning Jltals upon tht nighl, 
Mtlting thi dstkrtefs j fo ihfiir rifiagftrt/tt 
Btgiit Hthujt the igiCrantfumet Hat aa»/U 
^btir dtttr4r rtaf»n* — ^ — — 
7 ■— Pit hrtak my ^affi 

Bury ft CQXtam fudoms in ihe tBrth,'\ Ctrtain in it* present 

gnification i& predicated of a precife deccrminate number^ But 

U fenfe would make the thought flat and ridiClilou^. We muft 

oniider the word ctrlain there^fc a> ufed in its old fienificatioo 

if A many, indeHflitely. So Bali xn hi* AB$ 9/ Engi>fi Vetaritt 

ya, But he tooi nsiilh kim a c e r t e n 0/ hit idlt €»mfa- 

ietit. For a many. So chat Shaitjptar^ I fuppofe, wrote thc line thus, 
Bury*t A CERTAIN Fodom in the Earths 

You I. Mine 


T^€ Tempest. 

Mitic e^rcs, even ibcuble to th* (hew of cbme. 

Fall fdk)w*drops, The charm difiblvcs apace ; 

And as the mornir^ (icaU upon die night, 

« Mcking che darknefs; ib chcir rifing fenfcs 

* Begin 10 chafe the • ign'raoc fames, that nunde 

< Their ckarcr reaton/ O my good dooAby 

My true preEervcr) and a loyal Sir 

To him thoG foUow'rt •, I will pay thy graces 

Home boch in word and deed. Moll cmeOy 

Didll ihoUt j§omm^ ufe mt arKl mf daughter : 

Thy brother was a fortberer rn the a^ s 

Thou'rt pinch'd for't now, Sf^afitan^ flefh and blood. 

You brother mmc^ that entercain'd ambfnon, 

ExpeiI'd rcmorreand nature; who with Sf^^fiiaa J 

(Whofc inward pinches therefore are moll Rrong) 

Would here have krli'd your King ; I do for^ve chcc, 

Unnat'ral though thou arL " Their underlUndinig 

" Begins to fwell, and the approaching tkie 

*« Will fliortly fiJl the realbiublc fhore, 

'* That now lies foul and muddy. Not one of theSi^ 

That yet looks on me^ or would know mc^^^-jiriclf 

Fetch me the hat and rapier in my cell; 

I will difcafc me» and myfelf prefcnt, 

[£»// Ariel, aj$d rctums immedUul 
As I was fomaime Milofs: quickly, S>pirit ; 
Thou (halt cVr long be free. 

Ariel ^^/, Mtd bdps So attire bxiM, 

* Where the he fu:h^ there fuck /j 
hi a eawjlip's bell I He z 

• ig9*ramt fijffW^ ] IgmtrMf, for hartfiil to wafoo. 
. 8 U'lert tit ft* fmh. /f#r^fuck/;J Mr. T' 
Im hij htic trtntmrt^ /a twrj frvm thf printed t J 

nnvmniUQi. Hoi, ..^r, or anv other good Mcr*ph>ficu 

»oald hari; f*/r*^*rttoiupport ihefe'SpiiJti, had ihey been 
tiibr own making, I do ttoiknow : But the people who £*ve ilu 
Wiih brought diem up to good eating ud drinkiiig. 

The T E M ? E s t, 

^birt 1 cmch^ when e^ls d$ <ry. 
On tbi bafs back I do fy^ 
Jffter ' Summery ifterrily, 
Marilyy merrily^ Jhall I live n^w^ 
Under the hkjfom^ that bangs on the hcugh. 

Pro, Why, that's my dainty Jriel,, I ihall mifs thee ; 
But yet thou ftialc have freedom. So, fo, fo. 
To the King-s fhipj invifibie as tbou art; 
There (halt thou find the mariners ailecp 
Under the hatches \ the mafter and the boatfwain. 
Being awakcj enforce them to this place ; 
And prefently, I pr'ythee. 

Art. I drink the air before me, and return 
Or e'er your pulfe twice beat, \_EitiK 

Gen, All torment, trovibic, wonder, and amazement 
Inhabits here ; (bme heav'niy power guide us 
Out of this fearful country ! 

9 Afttr Summer, mtrrifyJ] This is the reading of all cht Edt* 
tions. Yet Mr. Thfohald has fubftiittted Sttv/rt, becaufe Jtiel 
talks <)f riding on the Bat in thii expcditian. An idle fancy, Tii« 
CjfcumAancc is given only lo defign ihe /if/rr ef night in which 
fairies uaveL One would think the confideration of the circum- 
iUnces ^oald have fee him right. Jtt^l was a fpirh of great 
delicacy^ bound by the ch^m^o^ Profpero, to i contUnt aitcndancc 
on his occasions. So th;it he was coi^iined to tlie lilaod Winter 
and Summer. But the roughnef^ of Winter js reprefented by 
Shaktfpear is difagrteable to fairies, and fiich like delicate f|MritJ^ 
who on thii account conftantly follow Summty. Was not thii then 
the ntoll agreeable circumtUnce of Arif^i ne\v rcco^^cr'd liberty* 
that he could now avoid ^Unter, and follow Summrr ^giic round. 
the Globe. But to put the matter out of quetlion^ let uicoBfider 
the mcaiitng of this line. 

There / comeh, when O^lt ^9 try, 
Whwrtr in the Ci^^JIifi hU, and *whtre tht Sit fucJis^ he tc]f« 
u%i this mart needi be in Summtr. When ? fujhn OWj cry, aisd 
Xhh ii in H^tnter, iVhen hlacd h nipt^ and tvayt htfialt 

The ^ng of Hlntiv ia Lruit Lahtnr Ltfi» 
The cofifcquence is, ih*t Ariii pt% Afitr-Zummtr. Yet th« 
OjeUrd RJifer Ka» adopted thb iadiciouJ emendatloji of Mr. 


f ^ Tlie Tempest, 

Pro. Behold, Sir King, 
The wronged Duke of Mian, Fr&fpero : 
For more aflurance that a living Prince 
Does now fpeak to thee, I embrace thy body; 
And to thee and thy company I bid 
A hearty welcome, 

Abn. Bc'ft thou he or do. 
Or fbme inchanted trifle to abufe me^ 
As late I have been, I not know ; thy pulfc 
BeatSj as of flcfh and blood ^ and fincc I faw thee, 
Th' affliftion of my mind amendsj with whichj 
I fear, a madnefs held me ; this mull crave 
(And if this be at all) a moft ftrange ftory : 
Thy Dukedom I refign, and do intreat. 
Thou pardon me my wrongs j but how IhouJd Pn 
Be living, and be here ? 

Pro, Firft, noble friend, 
Let me embrace thine age, whofe honour cannot 
Be meafur'd or confin'd. 

Gon. Whether this be. 
Or be not, Til not fwcar. 

Pro, You do yet taftc 
Some fubtiltiea o' th' iilc, that will not let you 
Believe things certain : welcome, my friends aiL 
But you, my brace of lords, were I lb minded, 
I here could pluck his Higluiels' frown upon you. 
And juIHfy you u-aitors ; at tliis time 
I'll tell no talcs. 

SeL The devil fpeaks in him. 

Pro* No; 

For youj moft wicked Sir, whom to call brother 
Would even Infeft my mouth, I do forgive 
Thy rankeft faults ; all of them i and require 
My Dukedom of thee, which perforce, I know. 
Thou muft rcflore. 

Alon. If thou be'ft Profpero^ 
Give us particulan of thy preftrvation, 


Tj^e Tempest. 8i 

How thou haft met us here, who three hours fincc 
Were wreckt upon this Ihore ; where I have loft 
(How Iharp the point of this remembrance is !) 
My dear fon Ferdinand. 

Pro. I'm woe for't. Sir. 

Alon, Irreparable is the lofs, and Patience 
Says, it is paft her cure. 

Pro, I rather think. 
You have not fought her help ; of whofe foft grace. 
For the like lofs, I have her fovVeigii aid. 
And reft my felf content. 

Alon, You the like lofs ? 

Pre, As great to me, as late; and, fupportable 
To make the dear lofs, have I means much weaker 
Than you may call to comfort you ; for I 
Have loft my daughter. 

Alon. A daughter ? 
O heav'ns! that they were living both in Naples^ 
The King and Queen there ! that they were, I wifli, 
Myfelf were mudded in that oozy bed. 
Where my fon lies. When did you lofe your daughter ?• 

Pro,, In this laft tempcft. I perceive, thefc lords 
At this encounter do fo much admire. 
That they devour their reafonj and fcarce think. 
Their eyes do offices of truth, their words 
Arc natural breath ; but howfoe'er you have 
Been juftled from your fenfes, know for certain. 
That I am Profp^ro^ and that very Duke 
Which was thruft forth oi Milan \ who moft ftrangely 
Upon this fhorc, where you were wreckt, was landed 
To be the lord on't. No more yet of this ; 
For 'tis a chronicle of day by day. 
Not a relation for a breakfaft, nor 
Befitting thig firft meeting. Welcome, Sir ; 
This cell's my court ; here have I few attendants. 
And fubjeds none abroad } pray you, look in ; . 
My Dukedom fincc you*ve ^vcn me again. 

Vol. I. G I will . 


82 TT)2 Tempest. 

I win requite you with as good a thing; 
At Icaft, bring forth a wordcr to content f e^ 
As much as me my Dukedom. 


Opens to the Entrance of the Cell. 

Here Proipero difcovers Ferdinand and Miranda fbgof 

at Chefs, 

Mira. C W E ET lord, you play mc ftlfc. 

i3 Fer. No, my dear love, 
I would not for the world. 

Mira. ' Yes, for a icore of kingdoms you Ihoukl 
And I wou)d call it fair play. 

Alcn, Ir this prove 
A viTion of the ifland, one dear fbn 
Shall I twice lofe. 

iieb, A moft high miracle ! 

Fer. Though the feas threaten, they arc mcrdfol : 
I've curs*d them without caufe. 

Alon. Now all the blefUngs [Ferd. kne^. 

Of a glad Father compa& thee about ! 
Arife, and fey how thou cam'ft here. 

Mira. O! wonder! 
How many goodly creatures are there here ? 
How beauteous mankind is ! O brave new world. 
That has fuch people in't ! 

Pro. 'Tis new to thee. 

Jllon. What is this msud, with whom thou waft at 
play ? 
Your eld'ft acquaintance cannot be three hours : 
Is /he the goddds that hath fever*d us^ 

I Vft^fir a <core 0/ Kingd»ms] i. 9. If the fifbjefi or bet utre 
K>ngduni*: Sfrt heie not fignifying the number t^vtmty, but 
U' aunt. 


n:)e Tempest. 

And bronglit us thus together? 
. Fer. Sir, fhe*s mortaJ; 
But, by immortal providence, fhe's mine, 
I'chofe her, when I could noc ask my lather 
For his advice ; nor thought^ I had one : (lie 
Is daughter co this famous Duke of MHan'^ 
Of whom fo often I have heard renown. 
But nev^r faw before ; of whom I have 
Kcceiv'd a fecond life, and fecond father 
This lady makes him to me, 

/Son, I am hers ; 
But, oh, how oddly wiJl it found, that I 
Mtift ^k my chi!d ftjr^venefs ! 

Pro. There, Sir, flop; 
Let us not burthen our remembrance umh 
An heavinefs that's gone. 

Gon. I've inly wept. 
Or ftiould have fpokc ere this, l^ok down, you Godfc, 
And on thi5roupie drop a bicntd crown : 
For It is you, that have chalk*d fofth the way^ 
Which brought us hither ! 

jihn. I fay. Amen, Gonzafof 

Gon, Was Mian thruft from Milun^ that his ilTuft 
Should become Kings of Napks! O rejoice 
Beyond a common joy, and let ic dowa 
In gold on lafting pilkrs ! in one voyage 
Did CUribel her husband fmd at TunU \ 
And F^dhidfid, her bn-rther, found a wiic. 
Where he himfelf was loft ; Profpero his Dukcdpm, 
In a pobr iQt* \ and all of us, ourfdvcs, 
When rto m;in wa^ his own. 

yUm. Give me your hands : 
Let grief and forrow ftill embrace his heart, 
Th:^t doth not wif1\ you joy t 

Gen. Be't lb. Amen! 


G 3 


§4 ^^ Tempest. 


Enter Ariel, with ths Mafier mi Boatjwain atmaxiSj 


look, Sir, look. Sir, here are more of us! 

1 prophcly'd, if a gallows were on land. 

This fellow could not drown. Now, bLift>hein7, 
That fwear'ft grace o'erboard, not an oath on iSossctl 
Haft thou no mouth by land ? what is the news ? 

Boatf, The beft news is, that we have fafcly found 
Our King and company ; the next, our fhip, 
Whicli but three glaflcs fince we gave out lplit« 
Is tight and yarc, and bravely ri^'d, as when 
We rirft put out to fca. 

Ari. Sir, all this fervicc 
Have I done fince I went. 

Pro, My trickfty Ipirit! 

Abn, Theft are not natural events ; they flmigdien» 
From ftrange to ftranger. Say, how came you hither? 

Bcatf, If I did think, Sir, I were well awakc^ 
I'd ftrive to tell you. We were dead a-fleep^ 
And, how wc know not, all clapt under hatches* 
Where but ev'n now with ftrange and fcv'ral noiles 
Of roaring, flirieking, howling, jingling cluuns. 
And more diverfity of founds, all horriUe* 
We were awak'd ; ftraightway at liberDf : 
» Where we, in all her trim, freftily bcneld 
Our royal, good and gallant fhip ; our mafter 
Capering to eye her ; on a trice, fo pleafe you, 
Ev'n in a dream, were we divided from thetn. 
And were brought moping hither. 

Aru Was't well done? 

2 Whire otY in all cur trim* P'^fih htkeli 
Our rouil. osoJ and guliint Shtp ; ] The Trim is to be 
undrrli'KxI of the- Ship, and not of the Crew» fo that He fboold 
re.d htr trim. Dr. 7birily, 


n^e Tempest. 85 

Pro, Bravely, my diligence, thou Ihalt be free, 
jlkn. This is as ftrangc a maze as c*er men trod. 
And there is in this bufinefs more than nature 
Was ever conduft of j fbme oracle 
Muft reftify our knowledge. 

Pro. Sir, my Lieg^, 
Do not infeft your mind with beating on 
The ftrangcnefs of this bufineis ; at pickt Idfure 
(Which fhall be Ihortly) * fingle TU rcfolve you, 
Which to you fhall feem probable, of every 
Thefe happen*d accidents ; till when be chearful. 
And think of each thing well. Come hither, Ipirit ^ 
Set CaUban and his companions free : 
Untie the Ipell. How fares my gracious Sir ? 
There are yet miffing of your company 
Some few odd lads, that you remember not, 


Enter Ariel, driving in Caliban, Stephana, and Tnn- 
culo, in their ftokn Apparel. 

- Ste, Every man fhift for all the reft, and let no man 
take care for himfelf ; for all is but fortune \ Cor^^o^ 
buliy-monfter, Coragio! 

Trin, If thefe be true fpies, which I wear in my head, 
here's a goodly fight. 

Col. O Setebos^ thefe be brave ipints, indeed ! 
How fine my mafler is ! I am afhud. 
He will chaftife me. 

Sek Ha, ha; 
What things are thefe, my lord jhtbonio! 
Will money buy *em ? 

Ant, VeiyliKe; one of them 
Is a pkdn fim, and no doubt marketable; 

3 ^'^"-'finglt ni rtfil^ut you^l Becanfe the confinracy, againft 
Ham, of his Brother SebaJUmn and hli own Brother Anthnh, wottld 
make lort of the lelatioa. 

G 3 Pro. 


Pro. Mark but the badges of thcfe men, my lords, 
Then i^y, if they be true : tlus mif-fhap'd knave. 
His mother was a witch, and one io ftroog 
That could controul the moon, make Bows ap^ ^bhi, 
And deal in her command without her power. 
Thefe three have robb*d me \ and tlus demy-deivil 
(For he's a baftard one) had plotted with them 
To take my life ; two of theie fellows you 
Muft know and own; this thing of darknefi I 
Acknowledge mine, 

Cd. I (hall be pincht to death. 

Jlon, Is not ttus Stepbano^ my drunken butler ? 

Seb, He*s drunk now : where had he wine ? 

jihn, ^ And Trinculo is reeling ripe ; where tbould 
Find this grand 'lixir, that hath g^ded *em? 
How cam*ft thou in this pickle ? 

4 yffiii TrinCMlo is reeling ripe i *wberi fiouli they 

Find this grand L I %y o r., that hath gilded Vfl».] ^hfiikt' 
'J^eetr^ to be fuie, wrote — grand * l i x i R, alluding to the grand 
Elixir of the alchymiib, which they pretend would reilore youth, 
and confer unmortality. This, as chcy laid, being a ptcpantion 
Jof Gold, they called Aurum potahile i which Shake/pemr allowed 
JK> in the word gilded; as he does again in Antb^my amdCUt^rm* 
Hoiu much art thou unlike Mark Anthony } 
Tet comingfrom him, that great medicine hath. 
With his Tin^f gilded thee. 
But the joke here is to inftnuate that, notwidiftanding afl tbe 
boads of t)ie ChymiUs, Sack was the only reftorer of youth, jud 
bcftower of immortality. So Ben Johnfoss in his Evttj 

efhis humour -^^Canarie the very Elixar andfpirit ^fmsim^^-^ 
This Teems to have been the Cant name for Sack, of whjdi the 
Englijh were» at that time, immoderately fond. JUmdo^ io Im 
yeaious Lovers, fpeaking of it, (tySt '^^'-^ A Pottit ff Siixmr^t 
the Pegafus hravefy cartm/ed. So again in Fletcber\ Mamfi€itt 
Thomas, AQ. HI. 

Old rev erend Sack, vohich,fir ought that least r^etd^^ 

Was that Phih/opher^s ^ossg th4 vsi/t King Ptolomeus 
Did all his vjonders by, — 
The phrafe ttio of \)aD!^gilded was a trite one on this 4>cci4oB. 
Fletcher in bi& Che^neee — Duke. Js^e mot drutsk too f Wiwce. J 
little gilded o'er. Sir i Old Sack, Old Sack, So;sf 

The Tempest. 

^rin. I have been in fuch a pickir, fincc I faw you 
laft, that» I fear me, will never out of my bones : 1 
fhall not fear fly-blowing. 

Sek Why, how now, Siepbano? [cramp. 

Sti. * O, touch me not : I am not Stepbanoy but a 

Pro. YouM be King o* th' iQc, Sirrah ? 

Ste> I fhould have been a fore one then, 

jflon. *T'\$ a ftrange thing, as e'er I Iook*d on. 

Pro, He is as difpropomon'd in his manners. 
As in his fhape : go, Sirrah, to my cell, 
Take with you your companions ; as you look 
To have my pardon* trim it handfbmJy, 

Co!. Ay, that 1 will ^ and m be wife hereafter. 
And feek for grace. What a thrice-double a& 

as I, to take this drunkard for a Qod ? 

nd worfhip this duli fool ? 

Pro. Go to, away \ 

Ahn. Hence, and beftow your luggage where you 
found it, 

Sib. Or ftolc it radier. 



J O, tettth mt n^t: fam mt Stephano, &0i a cramp.] In reading 
tKis play. 1 aJ] nlong rufprftcd ibac Shaktfptar had token it from 
fome /iW/flfl writer; \WUtitits being ail fo regularly obfenftd, 
which no dramatic writers but the Italian obferved fo early ai our 
Author^ time ; and which Si?ahjpear haa obferved no where but 
iu ihis Pliy. Befidc*. the Pcrfons of the Drama are ail italiAHi. 
f wu much conBrmed \u my Sufpician when I came lo chtfl place. 
Ic 19 plain a jnke wa^ intended i bat whefc ic lies is hard to fif. 
1 fufpeA there was a quibble in the Origini! that would cot bear 
to be iranlUtedy which mh thus. I am not Stephano lut Staffilaio* 
StaJiiaU fignifying, in IrM/ian, a maD urdl loflted or flsiyed, which 
Wft4 the real bafe of ihde viirleea. 

^^— Toothed hriiirtifi^rpfur%tit ff'Uking ge/s and iBoms 

Whitb tnttr"i their fruil Bkins. 

And the touching a raw part being very painful, he might well 
cry out T^iKfh mt nor. ScC> In RiccoBanri Catalogue of liafian 
playi are thefe, // Kfgromavtt t/i L. Ati^fte, fr&fa t ^trfa, (sf Ji 
Wrgrema:fte Paliiato di Gi^-Angth Pit rucci^ pre/a. But whether 

sh* Ttmpr/f be borrowed from either of thele, not having feen ibem, 
I cannot lay. 

G 4 Prp, 

88 TT^e T i MP E s t. 

Pro. Sir, I invite your highneis, and your trails 
To my poor cell j where you fliall take your reft 
For this one night, which (part of it) I'll wafte 
With fuch difcourfe, as, I not doubt, fliall make it 
Go quick away ; the ftory of my life. 
And the particular accidents gone by. 
Since I came to this ifle : and in the mom 
rU bring you to your ftiip ; and fo to Naples % 
Where I have hope to fee the nuptials 
Of thefe our dear beloved folemniz*ds 
And thence retire me to my Milan^ where 
Every third thought fhall be my grave. 

Alon, I long 
To hear the ftory of your life, which muft 
Take the ear flrangely. 

Pro. ril deliver all; 
And promife you calm feas, aufbidous gales. 
And fail fo expeditious, that fhall catch 
Your royal fleet far off: My jiriel^ chick. 
That is thy charge ; Then to the elements 
Be free, and fare thou well ! Pleafe you, draw near. 




Spoken by Profpero. 

NOW wy charms an all e*er-thrcwHj 
And what ftrengtb I bave*s mine oum j 
IVbicb is moft faint : and n&w^ V/j irue^ 
J muft be here confined by yoUj 
Or Jent to Naples. Let me noty 
Since I have my Dukedom got^ 
Aid pardoned the deceivery dwelt 
In this bare ijland by your Jpett: 
But releafe me from my bands^ 
With the help of your good bands. 
Gentle breatb of yours my fails 
Muft filly or elfe my p-oje^ failsy 
fVhicb was to fleafe. For now I ivani 
Spirits f enforce^ art to enchant j 
* And my ending is defpair^ 
Unlefs I be reUev*d by prater j 
H^ch pierces foy that it affaults 
Mercy itfelfy and frees all faults. 

As you from crimes would pardoned hey 

Let your indulgence fet me free! 

6 — And mf ending is dej^tr^ 
Vnitfs I h rgliev'd by frajtr ;] 
This alludes to the old Scones Cold of the defpair of Necromancera 
in their kft momeati % and of the efficacjr of the prayers of their 
frkods for them^ 

M I D S U M M E R - N I G H T'S 


Dramatis Perfonae. 

THESEUS, Z)K*^<?/ Athens. 

Egeus, an Athenian Ijird. 

Lyfander, in love with Hermia. 

iDemctrius, in love with Hermia. 

Philoftrate, Mafter of the Sports to the Duke. 

Quince, the Carpenter, 

Snug, the Joiner, 

Bottom, the Weaver. 

Flute, the Bellows-mender, 

Snowt, the Tinker, 

Starveling, the Tailor, 

Hippolita, Princefs of the Amazons, hetr$iVd t9 

Hermia, [Daughter to Egeus, in love with Lyiander. 
Helena, in love with Demetrius. 


Oberon, King of the Fairies, 

Titania," ^een of the Fairies, 

Puck, or Robin-goodfcUow, a Fairy, 










Other Fairies attending on the King and ^een. 


CbaraSers in the Interlude perfemid 
by the Clowns. 

SCENE, Athens j and a Wood not far from it. 






^ The Duke'i Palace in Athens, 

Enter Theftus, Hippolira, Philoftratc, witb Atttnimtt. 


O W, fair HippdHa^ our nuptial hour 
Draws on apace •, four happjr days bring in 
Another moon: but, oh, methinks, how 

This old moon wanes! fhc lingers my 
Like to a ftep-dame, or a dowager, 
' L^ng wintering on a young man's revenue, 

H'tp. Four day s will quickly ftcep themfelves in night \ 
Four nights will quickly dream away che time : 
And then the moon, like to a filver bow» 

•zvithiting oset ij, certainly, not good En^ItJh. I raiKcr liiinfc 
S^hjftar wr^tc. Long wtHTKitii40 ON a y^ung mart's 


A Midfutnmer-Nigbi^s Dream^ 

New benr b heaven, fliall behold the night 
Of our folcmnicies. 

Ti&r, Go, PhHofirat€y 
Sdr up th* Athtnian youth to merriments ; 
Awake the pert and nimble Ipiric of mirth % 
Turn melancholy forth to funerals. 
The pnle companion is not for our pomp, [Exit 
HippoUta^ I woo'd dice with my fwordi 
And won thy love, doing thee injuries : 
But I will wed thee in another key. 
With pomp, with triumph, and with revelling. 

Enter Egeus, Hermia, Lyiander, and Demetrius. 

B^c, Happy be Thefeus^ our renowned Duke f 
The. Thanks, good£^^tfj; what's the news 

thee ? 
£jfff. Full of vexation, come I with comphunt 
Againft my child, my daughter Iknma, 

Stand forth, Demetrius.^ My noble lord» 

This man hath my confent to marry her, 

Siandfiribj Lyfandcr. And, my gracious Di 

This man hath witchM the boBmof my child : 
Thou, thou, Lyfaikh\ thou haft giv'o herrhimes. 
And inttrchang'd lovc-iokcns with my child : 
Thou liaft by moon-JigJit ac lier window fung. 
With feigning voice, vcrfcs of feigning love •, 
And * ftoll* n th^ imprefiion of her fantaiie. 
With bracelets of thy hair, rings, gawds, conceits. 
Knacks, trifles, nolegays, fweet-meatsj (mei&ngcn 
Of ftrong prtvaJlmenc in unharden*d youth) 
With cunning haft thou filcli*d my daughter*s heart, 
Tum*d her obedience, which isdue to me, 
To ftubbom harfhnefs; And, my gracious Duke, 
Be't fo, flie will not here before your Grace 

I — 7?o/r*f /A' itiiprfjjivrt of hftfantffji*,'] The cxprcffioD i5 
g^iii uriii prcfty. It alludes lo the talcing the imprclTion of a Key 
in Wax, in oitfcr w tuvp another m;ulc to unlock a Cabtncc. 


^ — ^_^ 

^ Midfufmner^NightT Dream. 95 

Confcm CO many with Demetrius % 
\ beg the ancient privilege of Aihms^ 
As fhe is mine, I may difpofe of her: 
Which dull be etcher to this gentleman, 
' Or to her death, according to our law* 
Immediately provided in that cafe, 

I'be, What fay you» Hcrmai be advis'd, &ir maid* 
♦ To you your father Ihouid be as a God, 
One, that composed your beauties 9 yea» and otie» 
To wliom you are but as a form In wax 
By him imprinted \ and within his power 
To Meve the figure, or disiigurc it: 
Demetrius is a worthy gcndeman. 

Her. So is Lyfamkr, 

The, In himfclf he is ; 
But iD this kind, wanting your fathePa voice. 
The other muft be held the worthier. 

Her. I would, my father looked but with my cycs« 

lie. Rather your eyes muft with his judgment look* 

I Or t0 htr itaih^ ateartlixg U sur /«w J B/ a Law of Sohn\ 
Pi.rtots.hAd. the abfolute power of life aad death over thdr chil- 
dren* So it fuiltti fhe poet's purpofe well cnougK to fuppofe the 
At^rniam had ic before. Or perlup} he neither ckought nor 
knew any thing of xkc matter. 

4 7» you jrour fathft /hmU k* as a Gei^ 

Om€f ^f^ t^m^s*4 y°*if ireautict ^ yta, amd w/* 

To 'wham fpu art hut a$ a fsrm in tva/t 

By i>im if^printedi i^nd *within his ^v*wrr 

7f L K *v t tht Jig%r0 »r dji5gure f/*] We ibodd re^t 

't. ntfvt^ to belg^hcfn or add la (he beauty of the figure* v/hicii 
\% fatd to be imprlnitd fy hi»t. *Th from the Frttich^ rtUi/tr. 
Thu* they iay, Tapijfrifi tgii^uiu J*#p. In the (kre i'enfe-^bejr 
ufe xnU'ver» whidi AfttunJfviU makes Engfifo of in [his Mannar 
AnJ aiU tht luaikt ^wiihtHMt htn (wtrtd ^utih gefJ smd 
lyhftr, infyttPUut: and in ikt Flatti htn SiorUt and B^i^Ua 
•fKmyihut KMLevED. /. 128. Rmhiaiir widk a Jlrain of bu^boa 
humour* that equaU the fobcr elegance of thii paiTagc la our 
Poet, calls the fmiit gentry -of Frmwu, <JfMti/h*mmgi tit i«i rtJir/f 



96 A Midfummir-Night s Dream* 

Her, I do intreat your Grace to pardon mc : 
* 1 know not, by what pow'r I am made bold ; 
Nor how it may concern my modcfty. 
In fuch a prtfcnoe here, to plead my thoi^ts : 
But, I beie^di your Grace^ that I may know 
The word that may bcfal mc in this cafc> 
If 1 rrfiife to wed Dtmetrius, 

7hc, Either to die the deaths or to abjure 
For ever the fociety of men. 
Therefore, fair Herman qireffion your defircs ; 
Know of your youth, examine wdl your blood. 
Whether, if you yield not to your father's chcwce. 
You can endure the livery of a nun ; 
For aye to be in fhady cloifter mew*d. 
To live a barren lifter aU your Kfe, 
Chariting faifit hymns to the cold, fruitlefs, moon 
Thrice blefled they, that mafter fo thdr blood. 
To undtrgo fuch maiden pilgrimage ! 
But eanhlicr happy is the roft dilhli'd^ 
Than that, which, withering on tlie virgin t 
Crows, lives, and dies, in Tingle blcflednefs. 

Her. So will I grow^ (o live, fo die, my 1 
Ere I will yield my virgin patent up 
Unto his lordihip, to whofc unwi(h*d yoak 
My foul conlents not to give Sov'rcignty, 

The, Take time to paufe ; and by the \ 
(The fcaling day betwixt my love and mc, 
For everlafling bond of fcllowfhip) 
Upon that day either prepare to die. 
For difobedicnce to your father's willj 
Or clfe CO wed Demelrius^ as he would \ 

^ I inmv nnf, hy fwhat po^vfr I am m&de i&/Ji^ ft WM 
Optnion of (he AnetcMt, ihat when a pcrion did or Diid any ik 
thatexccfdcti Kis comman iiicuUJcii of pcrfonnaDCe, that he Sd 
by the Afliftanceof fomcGod. Sohereihe infinunia, tiutit w«i 
Ldvt (hat enabled lirr to pTcid hJi caufc* 


A Midfumfner-Nighi s Dream. 97 

Or on Diana*s altar to proteft. 
For aye, auftcrity and fingle life. 

Dem. Rdent, iwcet Hermia j and, Lyfandery yield 
Thy crazed title to my certain right. 

Lyf. You have her father's love, Demetrius j 
Let me have Hermans ; do you many him, 

Ege. Scornful Lyfander! true, he hath my love } 
And what is mine, my love Ihall render him. 
And Ihe is mine, and all my right of her 
I do eftate unto Demetrius. 

Lyf. I am, my lord, as well derived as he. 
As well poffeft : my love is more than his : 
My fortune's every way as fmrly rank*d. 
If not with vantage, z& Demetrius: 
And, which is more than all theie boafts can be> 
I am belov'd of beauteous Hermia, 
Why Ihould not I then profecute my right? 
Demetrius (Pll avouch it to his head) 
Made love to Nedar*% daughter, Hekna \ 
And won her foul ; and fhe, fweet lady, doats. 
Devoutly doats, doats in Idolatry, 
Upon tlus ipotted and inconftant man* 

The. I muft confefs, that I have heard ib much. 
And with Demetrius thought t'have Ipoke thereof ^ 
But, being over-full of ielf-aff^, 
My mind did lofe it. But, Demetrius^ come % 
And come, Egeus 5 you fhall go with me ; 
I have fome private ichooling for you both. 
For you, fmr Hermia^ look, you arm your iclf 
To fit your fancies to your father's will % 
Or elfe the law of Athens yields you up 
(Wluch by no means we may extenuate) 
To death, or to a vow of fingle life. 
f Come, my HippoUta ; what cheer, my love ? 


S'Come, my Hippdita ; nnhat cheer^ my /^v//] Hippolita had 

not fiud one fingle word all this while. Had a modem poet had 

Vol. I. H thf 

9 8 A Midfummer-Night' 5 Dream. 

Demetrius^ znd EgeuSy go along; 
I miift employ you in fome buiinefs 
Againft our nuptials, and confer with you 
Oribmething nearly that concerns your fclvcs. 
Ege. With duty and defire we follow you. 


E N E 11. 

Manent Lyfander and Herinia, 

Lyf, How now, my love ? why is your cheek lb 
How chance, the rofes there do fade fo faft? 

Her. Belike, for want of rain ; which I could well 
' Beteem them from the tempeft of mine eyes. 

Lyf, Hmnia, for aught that ever I could read. 
Could ever hear by tale or hiftory. 
The courfe of true love never did run Imooth ; 
But, cither it was different in blood ■■■ 

Her, O crofsf too high, to be enthralled to 

low ! — (a) 

Lyf. Orelfe mifgraffed, in refpcft of years— — - 

Her, O ipi^t ! too old, to be engag*d to yoimg ! 

Lyf, Or elfe it ftood upon the choice of friends.—— 

Her. O hell ! to chufe love by another's eye ! 

Lyf, Or if there were a fympathy in choice. 
War, death, or ficknefs did lay fiege to it; 
Making it momentary as a found. 
Swift as a Ihadow, fhort as any dream, 

the teaching of her, we Oiould have found her the bufieft amoagt 
them; aiu), without doubt, the lovers might have exptObad • 
xiiore equitable decition. But Shake/pear kuew better what he 
vsas alxfut ; and obfcrvcd decorum. 

7 Befft'Mt or pnur do'ivn upon I hem, Mr, Ptpe* 

{(a) - — to itnvt Mr. ThoMJ, ^— Vulg. to Uw,"} 


A Midfummer'NigM s Dream. 99 

« • Brief as the lightning in the « collicd night, 
" That (in a Ipleen) unfolds both heav'n and earth 5 
** And ere a man hath power to fay. Behold ! 
" The jaws of darknefs do devour it up; 
So quick bright things come to confufion. > 

Her. If then true lovers have been ever aoft. 
It (lands as an ediA in dcftiny : 
Then, let us teach our tryal patience: 
Becaufe it is a cuftomary crofi, 
As due to love, as thoughts and dreams, and fighs^ 
Wilhcs and tears, poor fancy's followers \ 

Lyf, A good periuafion ; therefore hear mc, Htrmid* 
I have a widow-aunt, a dow^r 
Of great revenue, and (he ham no cMd 5 
From Athens is her houie removM feven les^es, 
And flie refpefts me as her oniy fon. 
There, gentle HenmOy may I many thee ; 
And to that place the fharp Atbemait law 
Cannot purliie us. ' If thou lov'ft me then. 


8 Brief as the Ughi^niug in the ceUiei Night» 
Jbat, in a Spleen* unfeUs both Heaveie and Earthy 
And ere a man hath power tt/ajf heboid I 

7hejaivt of darknefs do devour it up. ] Tho' the word SpUen 
be here employed odiy enoagh, yet I believe it right. Shakejpear 
always harried oa by the grandear and muldtude of his Ideas 
affomeSy every now and then, an uncommon licence in the afe of 
his words. Particularly in complex moral modes it is afual with 
him to employ one, only to exprefs a very few ideas of that num* 
ber of which it is compoied. Thus wantii^ here to enrefs the 
ideas ^-* of a fudden, or — — — /« a trite, be afes the word Sp/een i 
which, partially confidered, fignifying a hally fudden lit is enough 
for him, and he never troubles himfelf about the farther or fuller 
fignification of the word. Here, he ufes the word Sp/een for « 
feMen hafyfit ; fo joft the contrary, in the Two Gentlemen of Ve- 
rona, \ut^{c^ fudden ixixfpleenatic fudden quips. And it muit 

be owned this fort of converfion adds a force to the difUon. 

9 Coliied m black. Mr. Pope, 
I Lyf. — /f thou lovy me, then 

Steal forth thy father*! houft &Q, 
Her. Mjf good Lyfanocr, 

H 2 I fwear 

JOO j4 Midfummer- Night's Dream. 

Steal forth thy father's fioufe to morrow night •, 
And in the wood, a league without the town, 
Where I did meet thee once ^th Hilaui 
To do obiervance to the mom of Mi^y 
There will I ftay for thee. 

Her. My ^Kxi Lyfander^ ' ■ 

Lyf, 1 fwcar to dice by Ckftd*s ftrongeft bo\ 
By his beft arrow with the golden head. 
By the Simplicity of Vmus* doves. 
By that, wHch knittetli fouls, and pro/pcrs loves ; 
And by that fire which burn*d die Carthage Queen, 
When the falie Trojan under fail was leenj 
By all the vows that ever men have broke. 
In number more than ever women ^ke ; i 

Her. In that fame place thou haft appointed mc. 
To morrow truly wilJ I meet with thee. 

Ljf. Keep promife, love. Look, here conies flWoM. 

I f^tar to thte hj CMpid" ijlromgrjl BofW^ 

By £4EC. &c. 

In that fami plait ihou hap sppaintid mt 

*To morroruj ira/y *will J mfft ircvVA thte.^ Ly/AnJtr 
but juJl propofe her running aw^y from her Father at izi>dm| 
and Af^igbt (he is at her oaihs chac flic will mtec him ftt cIm 
of ReotlEzvous. Ncic one {ioubt or hffitacian^ not one cooffidbai 
durance for L\ftindzr*t conAancy. Either {he was muciot 
coming f or (he had before jifted him \ and he could not believe 
ber without a thoufand Oaths. But Shakifprar obfcrvcd nitore 
A£ another Rite.-— ^The fpc^rchcs are divided wroog^ tmi moft 
be thus refilled; when Lyjsndtr had propofed her rumuiig awaj^ 
with hiiP, [he replies, 

Her, Mj gasd Lyfatider '—^■- — ^ 
astd it ^ing oo» 10 aik {ecufity for ht^ fidelity. ThJt he prr- 
criro, and inierrupts her with the grAnc af what fhe dcounds, 

Lyf. I frvrar to thir h Q\i^\6^ > firgngffi i<nv Itc. 
Bv t^ii if-'t viiivt that tver mm havf Str^kt^ 
Jtt nattier min than fvfr *woMftn fpeii —^ 
Herf Oie imerruptf him in her tuin : dccUrrt hcii'elf iotiifieda 
confenu to meet hirn, in the following words. 

H«r* — in that famt place el'gu hsfi ttfp9imtf4 mt^ 
7* metro'w truly luili I mut naith thtt, 
*\ n of the lines, hefidcj prcfervmg the chandler, gtvts 

t: : r inAaitcly lAor^ fojce ind fpirit. 


j4 Micifummer-Nighix Dream. tot 


Enter Helena, 

Her, God ipeed, i-m Helena! whither away? 

He!, Call you me feir ? that fair again unlay j 
Demetrius loves you, fair; O happy fair f 
Your eyes are load-ftors, and your rongue's fwcet air 
More tuneable than lark to fliepherd's car» 
When wheat is green, when haw-thorn buds appear, 
Sicknefs is catcliing : oh, were favour lb ! 
(a) Tour's would I catch, fair Hermia, ere I go ; 
My car fliould catch your voice, my eye your eye ; 
My tongue ftiould catch your tongue's fweet melody. 
Were the world mine, Demetrius being *baced, 
The reft I'll give to be to you tran[lated, 
O teach me, how you look ; and with what art 
You fway the motion of Defnetriuf heart, 

Her\ 1 frown upon him, yet he loves me ftill. 

Hd, Oh, that your frowns would teach my fmilcs 
fuch skiU ! 

Her, I give him curfes, yet he gives me love, 

Hel, Oh, that my pray'rs could fuch afFcdion move! 

Her. Tlie more I hate, the more he follows me. 

Hei The more I love, the more he hacech me. 

Her, His Folly, Helena^ is no fault of mine, 

HsL None, but your beauty ^ would that fault were 
H^ mine! 

^^hr. Take comfort \ he no more fhall fee my face ; 
Lyfomler and my fclf will fty this place. 
Before the time I did Lyfander fee, 
Seem'd Athens like a Paradilc to mc. 
O then, wliat graces in my love do tlwcll. 
That he hath tum'd a heaven unto a hell ? 

Lyf, Helen^ to you our minds we will unfold ^ 
To morrow night, when Phofk doth behokl 

'*J /V«r'/ iv9n!d cauh^ Oxf, Ed. 



Vulg. pttr wordt n 

t Mcr 

102 -^ Midfumtner'Nighi s Dream* 

Her filver vifage in the wat'ry glafs. 
Decking with liquid pearl the bUded graTa \ 
(A time, that lovers flights doth (till conceal) 
Through j^thens* gate have we dms'd to (leal. 

H^r. And in the wood, where often you and I 
Upon faint primroie-beds were wont to lye. 
Emptying our bofoms of their counfrh fweU'd j 
There, my Lyfandir and my fclf fhali meet \ 
And thence from yithens turn away our cyes^ 
To fcek new Friends and ftrange Companions, 
Fareweli fwect play-fdiow ^ pray thou for us. 
And good luck grant thee thy Demetrius! 
Keep word, LyfiVidt-r ; we muft rtarvc our fight 
From Lovers* food, till morrow deep midnight. 

[Exit Hermi 

Zyf* I wilt, my Herma, Ihkna^ adieu \ 

As you on him, Demetrius doat on you ! [£x;V Lyfani 

Hd. How liappy Ibme^ o*er other fome, can be! 
'through Athens I am thought as fair as Jhe. 
But what of that ? Demetrius thinks not fo : 
He will not know ; what all, but he, do know. 
And as he errs, doating on llermia's eyes. 
So I, admiring of his qualities. 
Things bafc and vile, holding no quantity. 
Love can tianipofc to form and dignity : 
Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind \ 
And therefore is wing*d Cupid painted blind. 
Nor hath love's mind of any judgment taftej 
Wings and no eyes figure unheedy Iiafte ; 
And therefore is Love faid to be a child, 
Becaule in choice he is lb oft beguiPd. 
As waggifh boys themfclves in game forfwcar. 
Bo the boy Love is pcrjur'd every where. 
For ere Demetrius look'd on Hermia*$ cyne. 
He hailM down oaths, that he was only mine; 
AnJ when this hail feme heat from Hermia felt, 
3o he diflblv'd, and Jhowers of oathi did melt. 



A Midfummer-Nigbis Dream. 103 

I ^nil go tell him of iair Hermans flight : 
Then to the wood will he, to-morrow night, 
Purfue her ; and for this intelligence 
If I have thanks, it is a dear expence. 
But herein mean I to enrich my pain. 
To have «his fight thither, and back again. [Exit, 


Changes to a Cottage. 

Enter Quince, Snug, Bottom, Flute, Snowt, and 

^/«. T S all our company here? 

A Bot. You were beft to call them generally 
man by man, according to the fcrip. 

^/»- Here is the fcrowl of every man's name, 
which is thought fit, through all Athens^ to play in 
our interlude before the Duke and Dutcheis, on his 
wedding-day at night. 

Bot, Firft, good Peter ^ince^ fay what the pl^ 
treats on; then read the names of the aftors ; and to 
* go on to a point. 

^n. Marry, our play is the mofl lamentable 
comedy, and mofl: cruel death oTPyramus and Thisby, 

Bot. A very good piece of work, I afliire you, and 
a merry. Now, good Peter ^ince^ call forth your 
aftors by the fcrowl. Mailers, fpread yourfelves, 

S^uin, Anfwcr, as I call you. Nick BottGrn, the 

Bot, Ready: name what part I am for, and proceed. 

^in. You, Nick Bottomy are fct down for Pyramus. 

Bot, VJhzt IS Pjramus, a lover, or a tyrant? 

^in, A lover, that kills himfelf mofl gallantly for 

2 Grow o» to\ipoins^ read Go on &c. 

H 4 Bot. 

104 -^ Midfummer-Nighi i Dream. 

BcL That will ask fomc tears in the true performing 
of it; if 1 do it, let the audience look to their eyes ; 1 
will move ftorms \ 1 will condole in fome mcalure. To 

the reft; yet, my chief humour Is for a tyrant ; ^ i 

could play Erclis rarely, or a part to tear a Capti|^l 

To make all fplit ** the raging rocks^ and fhiver^^ 

*' ing fhocks Oiali break the locks of prifon-gates 

** and Pbibbus^ can* lliall fliinc from far^ and make 
** and mar the foolifti fates,*' ■ This was lofty^ 
Now name the reft of the players. This is Erdi ' 
vein, a tyrant*s vein ; a lover is more condoling, 

^in, Frmm Fkte^ the bellows-mender, 

Fhi. Here, Peter ^eince. 

^in. You mtift take Tbisly on you. 

FIu, What hn'isby^ a wand'ring Knight? 

^iin. It is the lady* that Pyramus muft love, 

FlUr Nay, faith, let not me play a woman i Ifta 
a bcarci coming, 

^ht. That's all one, you fhall play it in a mafqi 
and you may fpcak as fmall^ as you will. 

B^f- An I may hide my face, let me play ^isi 
too; rU fpcak in a monftrous litde voice, ^bifn 
Thifng\ ah Pyramus^ my lover dear, thy "fbuiy de 
jmd lady dear. 

^in. No, nOj you inuft play Pyramui ; and 
you, ^bisby, 

£oi. Well* proceed. 

^n* RoMn Siarvelingy the taylor. 

3 / etuld ftay Erclcj pari rnri^^ er « /*r/ W Uar a CAT 
l^e ihou!d read, 

A piirt 19 ttar ^ i: M' in* 
for a$ ji raming whorc wa5 called a tettrfl?ift, [id part xAHtm* \ 
fo a laming buJly was called % ftar rfi^. For this Tcafon h is. the 
Poet makf* iraUj B9itsm^ as he is called ftfterwATds, wiih for « 
fan u uar a cap /». And m the ancient ptnyj, the bombaft 
ihcrant held the place of the fubtimeind pacheuc : And indi 
conllicuted the very ciTtnce of their frsgkai Farces. Thiu j 
jn hifi AdB of £rtg up Yoi^sUt^ f art idC Iajj*— ^»''»»y«j 
Ttrmagauntti In o plt^n 


rot # J 



A Mldfummer-Nighh Dream. iof 

Star. Here, Peter ^mce, 

^in, Robin Starvelifig^ you muft play Ihislf/s mo- 
T^m Snewt^ the tinken 

Smrw^ Here, PeUr ^ince, 

^in. You, Pyramu5\ father ; myfelf, *Thishy\ fa- 
ther; Snugy the joiner, you, the lion's part : I hope> 
there is a play fitted. 

5wKf . Have you the lion's part written ? pray you» 
if it be, give ie me, for I am How of ftudy. 

^in. You may do i: extempore, for it is nothing 
but roaring. 

BQt, Let me play the lion too ; I will roar, that I 
will do any man*s heart good to hear me. I will roar, 
that I will make^he Duke iky, let him roar again, let 
him roar again. 

^in. If you fliould do it too terribly, you would 
fright the Dutchefs and the ladies, that they would 
Ihrick, and that were enough to hang us all, 

AIL That would hang us every mother^s fon. 

Bet. I grant you, friends, if you fhould fright the 
ladies out of their wits, they would have no moredif- 
cretion but to hang us j but I will aggravate my voice 
fo, that I will roar you as gently as any fucking dove i 
I will roar you an 'twere any nightingale. 

^in* You can play no part but Pyramus^ for Pyrn* 
mus is a Twcct-fac'd man *, a proper man, as one Ihall 
ftc in a fummcr's day ; a moft lovely gentleman-like 
man : therefore you mull needs play Pyramus, 

Hoi, Well, I will undertake it. What beard were 
I befl to play it in ? 

^sn. Why, what you will. 

Bot, I will difchargc it in either your ftraw-colour'd 
bcaril, y<jur orange-tawny beards your purple-in-grain 
beard, or your French crown-colour*d beard ; your 
perfect yellow. 


lo6 A Midfummer'Nigbis JDream. 

S^dn. Some of your French crowns have no bur at 
all, and then you will play bare-fac'd. But, maflers, 
here are your parts ; and I am to intreat you, requeft 
you, and defire you, to con them by to-morrow night ; 
and meet me m the palace-wood, a mile without tbe 
town, by moon-light, there we will rehearie ; for if wc 
meet in the dty, we fhall be dog'd with company, and 
our devices known. In the mean time I wiU draw a 
biU of properties, fuch as our play wants. ' I pray you, 
fail me not. 

Bot. We will meet, and there we may rehcarfe more 
obfcenely and courageoufly. Take pains, be pcffe^ 

^in. * At the Duke's oak we meet. 

Bot. Enough ; hold, or cut bow-fhings. * 


ACT IL S C E N E I. •♦• 
A fro o D. 

Enter a Fairy at one Doory and Puck (or RoUn-good- 
fcllow) at another. 

P u c K, 

HOW now, ipirit, whither wander you? 
Fai, Overnill, over dale. 
Through bulh, through biiar, 

4 A/ the Duke's Oak nve mr/'/— hold, or cut bowllrings.] Tb» 
proverbial phrafe came originally from the Camp. When aJRcn- 
dezvcus was appointed, the militia Soldiers would fr eq u ently 
make excufe for not keeping word that their Bowfiriags were 
broke, i. e. their arms unferviceable. Hence when one would 
give another abfolute aflurance of meeting him, he would fay pro- 
▼erbially -— bold or cut how- firings i. e. whether the bow- 
firing held or broke. For cut is ulcd as a ceuter, like the verb 
frttt. As when wc fay, iht firing frets — \\itfilk frets, for the 
paffive, // is cut axfrtttut. 


A Midfummer'Nigys Dream. 107 

Over park, over pale. 

Through flood, through fire, 
I do wander every where. 

Swifter than the moon's fpherc ; 

And I ferve the Fairy Queen, 

To dew her orbs upon the green ; 

The cowflips tall her penfioners be, 

In their gold coats fpots you fee, 

Thofe be rubies, F^ry-favours : 

In thofe freckles live their favours : 

I muft go feek fome dew-drops here. 

And hang a pearl in every cowflip*s ear. 

Farcwcl, thou lob of Ipirits, Til be gone. 

Our Queen and all her elves come here anon. 

Fuck, The King doth keep his revels here to night. 

Take heed, the Queen come not within his fight. 

For Oieron is paffing fell and wrath, 

Becaufe that ihe, as her attendant, hath 

A lovely boy, fioll'n fix)m an Indian King : 

She never had fb fweet a changeling -, 

And jealous Oberon would have the child 

Knight of his train, to trace the forefts wild ; 

But flie per-force with-holds the loved boy. 

Crowns him with flow*rs, and makes him all her joy. 

And now they never meet in grove, or green. 

By fountain clear, or ipangled ftar-light iheen. 
But they do ' fquare, that all their elves for fear 
Creep into acorn cups, and hide them there. 

Fd, Or I miftake your ftiape and making quite. 
Or elie you are that Ihrewd, and knavifli Iprite, 
Caird Robin-goodfell&w. Are you not he. 
That fright the msudens of the villageree. 
Skim milk, and fometimes labour in the qucm. 
And boodefs make the breathlefs hufwife chem : 
And fometime make the drink to bear no barm, 
Mif-lead night-wand'rers, laughing at their harm? 

I /. f, qaarrd or jar, iAx.PePs, 


io8 A Midfummer- Night s Dream. 

Thofe that Hobgoblin call you, and fwcec Puck^ 
You do th^ir work, and they (hall have good luck. 
Are not you he? 

Puck. Thou ipeak*ft aright; 
I am that merry wajid'rer of the njght: 
I j eft to Ohersn^ and make him fmilc. 
When I a far and bean-fed horie b^uilc. 
Neighing in likenefi of a fil!y-foal i 
And fomctimcs lurk I in a goOip's bow]. 
In very likencfs of a roafted crab, 
And when Jlie drinks, againft her lips I bob. 
And on her wither'd dewlap pour the ale. 
The wifeft aunr, telling the faddefl: tale, 
Sometime for three-foot ftool miftaketh me ; 
Then flip I from her bum, down topples fhe. 
And (a) rails or cries, and falls into a cough ; 
And then the whole quire hold their hips, and loffc. 
And waxen in their mirth, and neeze, and fwear, 
A merrier hour was never wafted tlierc* 
But make room, .Fairy, here comes Oberon, 

F<ii\ And here my miftrefs: would, chat he wcj 


'nter Oberon King of Fairies at one door with bis in 
and the ^een at another with hers, 

Ob. Ill met at moon-light^ proud Titattza, 

!^fcn. What, jealous Ob^on? Fairies, skip hence, 
I have tbrfworn his bed and company. 

Oh. Tarry, ralh Wanton i am not I thy lord! 

^€m. I'hen I muft be thy lady ; but I know. 
When thou haft floll'n away from fairy land^ 
And in die fliape of Corin fate ail day. 
Playing on pipes of com, and vcrfing love 

[(«} rath $r crift, Oxr Ed, Vulg. Ta^fhr eritu 

A Midfummer-Nighis I^eam. 109 

To amVous PbilUda. Why art thou here. 
Come from the fartheft fteep of India ? 
But that, forfboth, the bouncing /^tnazofiy 
Your buskin*d miftreisand your warrior love. 
To Thefeus muft be wedded \ and you come 
To give their bed joy and profpcrity. 

Ob. Hpw can*ft thou thus for fhame, Titaniay 
Glaoce at my credit with Hippdita\ 
Knowing, I know thy Jove to Thefeus ? [night 

* Didfl thou not lead him glimmering, through the 
From * Perigune^ whom he ravifhed ; 
And make him with tair ^gle break his faith. 
With Ariadne^ and Jntiopa ? 

^een, I'helc are the forgeries of jcaloufie : 
' And never fincc * that middle fummcr*s fpring 
Met we on hill, in dale, fbreft, or mead, 
By paved fountain, or by rufliy brook. 
Or on the beached margent of the fea, 

* I>iift than not had him throagh the glimmering night] Wc 
ftould read, 

•Viifi thou not had him glimmering, through the night 
The meaning 15, She conducted him in the appearance of fin 
through the dark night. 

« Perigenia, Vid. Plut. vit. Thefei. Mr. ?9p9. 

3 And ntvtr fine e that middle fummer' s Jpring, &c.] There are 
fKK many paiTages in Sbahe/pear of which one can be certain he 
has Ixirrowcd from the Ancients ; but this is one of the few that, 
1 think, will admit of no difpure. Our Author*9 admirable de- 
fcription of the mifenes of the Country being plainly an imitation 
of that which OvrV draws, as confequent on the grief of Ctrtg, 
for the lofs cf her daughter. 

Ne/cit adhue uhi fit ; terras tamen increpat omnes : 
Ingratafque vocat, nlec frugnm munere dignas, 
• • Ergi^iliic fie^a vertenti^ glehat 

Fregit aratra flianu pariliqmt ireta ctlonot 
Ruricolafque brvts ietho dedii ; ar*oaoue jujpt 
Falltrre dcpoHtum vitiataqae ftmina fecit. 
Fertilitas terra latum vulgata per orbem 
Sparfa jaeet, Primis fcgeces moriuntur in herbis* 
Et modo fol nimitu, nimiiu modo corripit imber : 
Sideraque ventiqoe noccnc. 

4 The middle Jkmmer^sjpring.] We ftiould read THAT. For 
it appears to have been fome years £acc the quarrel firlt began. 

Vol. I. To 


tio Ai 

Midfummer-Night's Dream. J 

To dance cnr ringlets (o che whirling wtnd« 
But with thy brawbihou hafi dilhirb'd our fport. 
Therdore die winds, piping to as in vain. 
As in rcvcngc« have ftKX*d up from this ftm 
ConLagioos fogs; which faJling in the bod* 
Have c\'er7 peJting rivtr made lo proud^ 
That they have ovCT-bome their contineno. 
The ox hath thcitfore RrctchM bis yoak in Inihp 
The ploughman loQ his fweat^ and the green cotfx 
Hath rotced, ere its ytwth attain'd a bcwd. 
The fold (lands empty in the drowned field. 
And crows art flitted with the mmrain flock i 
' The ninc-mens morris is fiii'd upwidi iniid« 
And the queint mazes in the wanton greets 
For lack of tread, arc undifling^iAitbiie. 
^ The human mortals want their winter heried, 

^ 9^ nint mUMJ marrh,'] A Irinii of nml ch)<^, 
6 Tht hitman m^rfjiti 'zuaat thtit ^mttr k |.i.£. ] But five 
Vai Dot one of U^e circumiUnct^ of miiery, here 
that the Sufferen waaied iheir H'i^ur. On die conovya ^ 
poeckal ddcriptions of vk^ golden Age, it wks aJways one ct 
flmcie of eiicir happinef* tiiat ihey wanted Winier, 7*kt> 
tdk bluoder of the EditorS. Skaktfptar wirhont qoefUoo 
7J/ iruMan morfaii wawi th/ir tvtntfr jt£KY£0« 
i. r. praifed^ cclefarated. The wmd iscbfolece: Bat uied 
fcr^ Chfu-er and Sptneer in chh figm£cadoDt 

7m* «*tt///^ /feai Uawnt t^ CAtOLL sfht^^ 
Amd H E > y W/i H r Mil g s /iy Laffi*^ gluvf, 

' l^e following fine confirms the emendation^ 

}i& night ii me*uj •wifif H\ma 9r Cuol hUft % 
and the propriety c^fthe fentiment is evident* ^or the winter ■ 
the icafbn of rural Jtjoicing, as thegEoomincft of it-and iu vncuiejf 
from ci>untry bboars give (hem lEc indlnaitht Ami ^fmimnit} 
Ibr mirth ; antl j^c frujt$, now gaiheced in, the £t^j««, Wd 
titerdbrc might fhe hy^ ^bcn fhc h^ defciibed the deutbiaf d^ 
fiaitbru and h^^iUzh toil ofchc hasbanJinenr that 

^hi httmuft mtriejj tvafU ihcir *tvtnter herycd. 
Bat| principally, fincc the tonn'ng ofCfariftianity rhii fiealba 
^omntcmora.eion of the birth of ChriA, faxs b«en particularly < 



A Midfummer-Nighi s Dream. 1 1 1{ 

No liighc 15 now with hymn or carol bleft; 

Therefore the moon^ the govemeft of fioads 

Pale in her anger, wafhes all the air ; 

That rheumatick difeafes do abound. 

And thorough this diftcmperature, we fee 

The feafons alter ; hoary-headed frofts 

Fall in the frefh lap of the crimlbn rofe ; 

And on old Hyems chin, and icy crown. 

An odYous chaplet of Iweet fummer-buds 

Is, as in mockery, fet, ' The Ipring, the fummer^ 

The * childing autumn, angry winter^ change 

Thdr wonted liveries; and th* amazed world, 

voeefl to ieflmcy. And to this caftom* noewichf^anJing the im- 
propriety, Hymm #r C^rtJ hhfi certainly alludes. Mr. ^htplfsU 
fkys, iff JhouU vmiouhteMy h^vt ttd^anfetl this (^i^wjf^urt unto the 
ttxi^ but th&t Shakcipcai ferms rather fonti ofha/fo^vif, Raihtr 
than what .' hallin^td is not fynonymous to herfcd hiiT to /Ay?. 
What wai he ibioking of } The ambiguity of the Bngltjh word 
£//^ CQafo«nd«d him, which fignilics cither praii'd w JaiiSi/i<4. 

J fit Springy iht Sumtturi 

7j&/ thiUing Aufu/ntt^ ^Tsgry Winter chartgt 
Iheir *wont€d Llverics; and tb^ amazed Wvrld 
By tbtir increase nofu/ i/twjj no/ nf^hish it *vj&ffi;— -] 
whoCc incrnfc } or what iacrcafe?— -Let ui aucnd to the Scnu- 
jnent— Spring, Summer, Autaam and Wioter change theif Livt' 
Titf, \. e. Spring and Summer are unfeafonably coM » and Auiomn 
mnd Winter armaturaUy warm. This tcBvperAttirv he calls the 
X/f^ir/j or the covering of the Seafons. Which, he fay5, con- 
founds the ama^^d world, that, now, knows cot which ts vvhich. 
This being owing ch«n to the Seaton^ ch^aigiiig their g^b^ the iaft 
line was dtmbtkis wrote chu«^ 

By iJ/ttr INCHASE now knofuis ftsi nvhich is ^ushieh. 
i.e. by the temperature in which they arc y<'r. The metaphor 
before wju uktn frum Cloihin^^ here from y^iuc/r, Jttt/tajk 
coming froxn the Frgni&f Enthu^t-ure^ a term in ufe amongft 
Goldfrnithi for the fctimg a jlotic in Gold. 

K 7^r CH 1 1 » c j^Miitmn^ The Qaarto of i6oo» and the ?o\iq 
of 1623, reid cm LDi NQ, and this is right. It h an old U'ord 
wkich figailied teeming^ bearing fruit* &q Ctsucfr, in his B^IUit 

Ch^fin ef Jofeph, mjhdm hi tpJie /» ww/* 

VnJinfiwyfr^ lym, CHILUIN^- £y miratU 
This h the proper epithet of Autumn, aud not ^IWing, 


112 A Midfumfmr-Nigbi 5 Dream. 

By cbdr indwfe, now knows noc which is which } 
And this fiime prog e ny of evil comes 
Fmm our defame, from cor diflcnrion ; 
We arc thdr p^mts and or^^ntl. 

OL Do you amend it then, it lyes in you. 
Why ihoukl Tttama crofs her Ohertm? 
1 do but beg a fitde changclmg boy, 
To be my ' henchman. 

^een. Set your heart at reft. 
The fairy-land buys noc the child of me. 
His momer was a votrefe of my order» 
And, in the fpiced Ijf£m air by nigbr. 
Full often (he hath goffipt by my fide j 
And lac with me on Nfpfufte'^ yeOow fands. 
Marking th* embarked traders on the Bood, 
When we have laught to fee the fails conceive, 
And grow lag-bellied with the wanton wind ; 
* Which flie, with pretty and with (lemming 
Follying (her womb then rich with my young 
AVould imitate ; and tail upon the land. 
To fetch me trifles, and return again. 
As from a voyage rich with merchandize. 
But fhe, being mortal, of that boy did die j 
And, for her fake, I do rear up her boy ; 

9 Or ufher. Mr, Ftfe. 

t iFhuh fiie *ivith pniry and ^iJ^ Rimming gait 
FOLtowiN? (hfr '^j^^mL thtn ri(h toilh my fom^ 

WqmU rmjfatf — ] Fc/Iipwing what I fhe did M( 

(hip, whofe motion ihe imitaccd ; far chai failed on the wstrr, 
on ihe land. If by fsil^vimg wc are to undcrtland imiiatiMgt 

will be a mere pleonttm tmitatswg nt$^uU imitau. From 

FccE^A dcfcrjption of the A£lion& U plainly appears we thooki 

F Q L i r I N G ' 

iVsitld imitaU. 
i^t. wantoning in 8porc ^od G^ltty^ Thus the tMi^Mgiifi 

ttft and they htlrfpen folyly and faljly « (a)f» Sv 

Mamnd^'VtlU^ from and in the fenfc of/oidtrrr, lo play tbc wanton. 
Thli cx2iXiy £)grccs to the afUon deicrjbcd~/tt// t/tfm k^aj^ 
I9£ipt hj my fidi^^Xi^'-' njjhfm tv* ^v^ UKgh*d t9 fee. 

7$e Midfummtr'Nighh Dream. 

And, for her lakc» I will noc part with him. 

Oif. How long widiin rhis wood intend you Ray? 

^een. Perchance, 'till after Tbe/^tts" wedding-day. 
If you will patifnrly datice in our round, 
And lee our moon-light revels^ go with us ; 
If not, fliun me, and I will fparc your haunts. 

0^. Give me that boyj and 1 will go with thee, 

^uten. Not for thy fairy kingdom. Elves, away: 
We fhalJ chide down-right, if I longer (lay. 

[Exeunt ^een and her trmn. 

Ok WelJ, go thy way j thou ftialc not from thi» 

'Till I tormt-nt thee far this injury. 

My gentle Puck^ come hither; " thou 
Sixicc once I lit upon a promontory, 


Z ' Then nmtmhr'j} 

Simt once J fat up^n a prom^n/ory, 
jtnd htari a mtrmaid, on a doitfbin't hatk^ 
Vtlirinr Juch tiultti and harmonious breato^ 
^hat toi tuAi jta gtfuj cintii At i^rr fsng | 
jfnJ ffrfttia p>ot madly fr^m thrir fph*r$s 

7i htar tht Jea maid's rr.ufick ] Thc firtt tiling oKfer- 

VftbSe on clicfe words is, that [his aflion of the Mtrmaid la bid ia 
the fame time and place with Cupi/s attack opgn thc ^r/inL By 
tht ^<'/*/ tvtty one knows ts ineiric Qut«ii Efiza^efl, It Is 
very ni^ural and rrjjon^ble then to ihinlc tlidC tht AUrm^nt'd (Undk 
for fome wnlnetit perfonage of her time. And if fo, the allegorical 
covertncr, In uhich ihrrc ts a mixture of (a^tre and panegjrnCf 
Will l»d U4 to conclude th^E this pcri (on wa^ one cfiA horn it had 
been iuconveiiwnE for the author to (peak opcniy, elihtr in praif^ 
Or dirpraifc. All this agrees wjlh Msiy ^ef» sf Scati, and with 
no other. C^cm Eitz^h^th could oot bear to hear }^tt com* 
iDcaJtrd ; and her fucccitor would not forgive her fMirift. BuC 
the poet b4ft (o wtll marked out every dMiingulihed clrcumllance 
of her liie And charaflcr in this btauiiful fttlegOfXp as wi]{ leive 
no room to doubt abuut his fecret meaning. She 10 called a Afrr^ 
m^id, I . CO denote her reign over a Icnigfiom dtu^te ia the leap 
and 2. her beauty and iatemperate luflt 
— Ut turpittr atrum 
Dtjittftt in fffttm mtditr forms/a fupfris}, 
fsr as Elit^Ahifi for her chiftiiy »* tailed a rifiai, thit anfortu- 
Udy on 1 contfary accpuni h called a Mtrmaid, y An 
V o L. I. I aQtieat 


114 75?^ Midfummir^NigM s Dream. 

And heard a mermajd^ on a dolphin^s back, 
Urrcring fuch dulcet and harmonious breathy 
That the rude fea grew civil at her fong \ 
And cert^ ftars ftiot madly from their fphcrcs,.! 
To hear the fea-maid's mufick. 


akntient Hory m&y be fuppofed to be Kerc atfudcd to. The en* 
pcror Juiian tells ut, EpilUe 41. that the Streii» (which, wilb ill 
the modern poet^ sre Mirmatiis) contended for precedcDcy wiik 
the Mure^ft who overcomihg chem, took away their ivings. ThC 
quarrels hti^^uMary and EltKahtth had the f^me cuife, nd 
the Tune iH'ue. 

— Oiv A UoffhiuU 6a£kl\ This cvidcDtly markt out thu_ 
dieting Eli {King circuinfbncc of Afdry's forcuarf her manUgc 
ihf dauphin Q^ Franct, Ton ot Hinry \\, 

Utieriitg /nth ^tthti and harmonf^m trtath.'\ Th)S alludes tO 
her great abiliues of genius and leamtng, which rendered ho^ 
the moil accompltlhed prtncefs of her age. Tbe French wni 
fcH us, that, while fhc was in chat court, fhc pronounced a Lai 
oration in the eteat hall of the Cowvrr, with fo much gr^cc a&d 
eloquence, aa hlled the whole court with admiration. 

fhat the rttdt fia grrw eivil at her fong ^^ By the rud* fa 
meant Scot/and encircled with the ocean » which rofe up in 
againlt the regent, while Hie was in France, But her 
home prcfenily quJeted thofcdiforders: And had not her flj 
ill condufl aftcrvtardt more violenily inflamed them, (he mij 
}iave palled her whole life in peace. There \% the greater jafli 
and beauty in this image, as the vuJgar opinion i?, tbftt the 
maid always fing& in {lorms. 

And certain Jlart Jhot madh from their J^htrtt, 
Te hear the Jta maid's mujick,1 Thus concludes the defcripti 
with that remarkable circumllance of thi& unhappy lady V ' 
the dellruflion {lie brought upon fevcral of the En^ftjh tMiW 
whom (he drew in to hjppcrt her caufe. This, in ihc bofdcft 
cxpreffion of the (ublime, the poet images by certaim flan 
ing madh fiQm their fpherrs : By whkh he mcunt the CarllJ 
l^orihumberlii*id and H'<jImQriatidt who fell in hcrquarrds 
principally the great duke of NorJhJi, whofc puje^icd marrl 
with her was attended wtih fuch fbtal coniequences. Here 
the reader may obferve a peculiar juflncfa in the imag'ry. 
vulgar opinion bring that the mermaid aUured men to Jdlruj 
by her fonw. To which opinion Shah/fear tlludei in 
Comedy ef error/, 

O {ruin me jvvf, Jhviet mermaid, with thy DOtCy 

Tt drgwn me #» tfy f/n's Jlwd e/ ttfir». 

lac I am^ 

And che Inperni Vi 
In makkn 
Yet mafk-dl 
h hU opooa Ijak 
Before milk-wfaiev 
^ And nuidcBGH k 


WTlttOi. TW briv a mftifjia^ 
dunAcr oTttc teJcer. A^ oa ^ 
wayi oodi fciifcfr Ue » ban v*^ ^ tke 
ikiui, aid hmttka kk t^Sa ife^witk kis 
ngkum ^ fOBfry t bfdtat power ol 
6uc]r lo he like wks; 

^ OBm Tammi Tmuffat tm^fK^rf^ 

3 G^ Att Aiu'oi — 1 Sonif ckii pM^BCi 
D&eUJ&cil Jouge. iBaaaotbaafctandaMBmaeatawcanrtrfiae 
Ctf^fV vaed wkk »ore (haa Kk Iwv «d anwn ; aid «kk iMe 
we £fld y» famtixd m att liiwnnTi. Thde boo »re die 
anubeiiadoecK6n«^iatfcepcc£ii€tftiaB; a 
one (tun tny ^k frictuh, i^ dafic ppca, cm anjiajtd kirn 

Cj^V a t a km'p, 
Tb« Gkai^B»« I xtkak<, i^ (^ ^t:t, u»d tlie beaarj it ^'res 
thoaght, Cogmt, thr.-, we ire doc to bc&tiue upon Je. 

For iKnr grcu an 3;dd: > cbe cjamplimecc on thh virgin 

Qoc^n'i celibscr. tfa^ it a/mrmfj tbe poiirer of lore. As if bta 
Mipire wu ia danfer, wliea ihe h^eriai F^trtfi had dcdu^ 
'^ lor a fiagk tile : So great xn inSucncc would her eKunpte 

amoogfl hcT fex. Qgem Eii^^hith could not but be pic&led 
with iKc ddic^cy gfthii ccunplimcot. 

4 A compliment to Queen Elix.ahih^ Mr, P^. 

5 ^nd matdim fa// it Itvf in Uhnffs'] This ii u fiiie a me- 
tamorpUoJjs xi xaj io OviJ: Wiih a much beucr monJ, init*, 
natiog thatifregafar love hBOi>lr power when pcopU are idle» 
01 ?iot well employed. 

Vol. I. I Z 



ii6 A Midfummer-Nigbis Dream. 

Fetch me that flow'r j the herb I flicw'd thtc onc^} 
The juice of it, on flccping eye-lids laid. 
Will make or man, or woman, madly doot 
Upon the next live creature that it &s&. 
Fetch me this herb, and be chou here again. 
Ere the Leviathan can fwim a league. 

Puck, V\\ put a girdle round about the earth 
In forty minutes. \E»ik 

,0^. Having once this juice, » 

ril watch Tilania when fhe is afleep. 
And drop the liquor of it in her eyes : 
The next thing which (he waking looks upon, 
(Be it on lyon, bear, or wolf, or bull. 
On medling monkey, or on bufie ape) 
She (hall purine it with the foul of love : 
And ere I cake this charm from off her light, 
(As I can take it with another herb) 
ril make her render up h^r page to me. 
But who comc) here ? lam invifible ; 
And I will over-hear their conference. 


Enter Demetrius, Hekna following Irim. 

Bern, I love thee not, therefore purfiie me not. 
Where is l.yfander^ and fair Hermia? 
The one I'll flay ; the other [a) flayeth me. 
Thou told'fl me, they were floli*n into this wood; 
And here am I, and ^ wood within this wood s 
Bccaulc I cannot meet my Hermia, 
Hence, get thee gone, and follow me no more. 

lieL You draw me, you hard-hearted adamant; 
But yet you draw not iron ; for my heart 
Is true as (IlcI. Leave you your powV to draw. 
And I ihall have no pow'r to follow you. 

6 Wood, or mridy hiIJ, raving. Mr. Ptfe, - 

[ (a) Slay, jUyeth, Dr. ^hirlhy. — Vulg. ftay,fi^tb,^ 


A Midfummet 'Night's Dream. ii 

Dffli. Do I entice you ? do I fp<rak you fair ? 
Or rather do I not in plaineft irutli 
Tell you, I do not, nor I cannot, love you ? 

Hit And ev'n for that do I iove thee die more \ 
I am your fpaniel ; and, DmwriuSy 
The more you beat me, I wilJ fawn on you : 
Ufe me but as your fpaniel, fpum me, ftnke mc, 
Negfcft me, lofe me \ only give me leave, 
Unworthy as I am, to follow you. 
What worfer place can 1 beg in your love, 
(And yft a place of high refped with me) 
Than to be uTsd, as you ufe your dog ? 

Dim. Temptnor too much the hatred of my fpiriti 
For I am fick, when I do look on thee. 

Hth And I am Tick, when I look not on you. 

'Dtm. You do impeach your modefly too mucli» 
To leave the city, and commit your fcif 
Into the hands of one that loves you not \ 
To truil the opportunity of ni^ht, 
And the ill counkl of a defart place. 
With the rich worth of your virginity. 

Hd, Your virtue is my privilege \ for that 
It is not night when I do iee your face, 
Therefore, \ think^ I am not in the night* 
Nor doth this wood lack worlds of company t 
For you in my rcfpcft are all the world. 
Then how can it be faid, 1 am alone \ 
When all the world is here to look on me? 

jDctw. ril run horn thee and hide me in the brakca. 
And leave thee to the mercy of wild Hearts. 

Htl, The wildcft hath not fuch a heart as you •, 
Run when you will, the (lory fliall be chang'd : 
Ap^Uq Hies, and Daphne holds the chafe i 
The dove purfues the grUTin \ the mild hind 
Makes fpecd to catch the tygcr. Bootlcfs fpeed ! 
When cowardife purfues, and valour flies. 

1 1 8 A Midfummer-Nighfs Drea^ 

Bern, I will not ftay thy queftions; kc tne ^s 
Or if thou follow me, do not beUeve, 
But I fhall do thee mifchief in th? wood. 

HeL Ay, in the temple, in the town, the fiddly 
You do me mifchief, Fie, Demetrius^ 
Your wrongs do let a fcandal on my fcx : 
We cannot fight for love, as men may do ; 
We JhouM be vop'd, and were not nude to woo. 
I follow thee, and make a heav'n of hell ^ 
To die upon the hand, I love fo well, [Exaak^ 


Ok Fare thee well, nymph ; ere he doth kam (hvl 
Thou ftialt fly him, and he fhall feek thy love. 
Haft thou the flow'r there ? welcome, wanderer^ 

Enier Puck, 

Puck, Ay, there it is, 

Oi. I pray thcc, "give it me ; 
I know a bank whereon the wild thyme blowSi^ 
Wliere ox-lip and the nodding violet grows, 
O'er-canopy'd with lufcions woodbine, 
With fweet musk^rofcs, and with eglantine. 
There fleeps Titania^ Ibme time of the night, 
LuU'd in tncfe flow'rs with dances and delight j 
And there the Jhake throws her enammei'd skin. 
Weed wide enough to wrap a fairy in : 
And with theji/ice of this I'll ftrcak her eyes. 
And make her full of hateful fantafics. 
Take thou fome of it, and feek through this grove \ 
A fweet Athenian lady is in love 
With a difdainful youth \ anoint his eyes ; 
But do it, when fhe next thing he efpies 
May be the lady. Thou fhalt know the Man, 
By the Jtbtnian garments he hath on. 


A Mldfummer-'Nigbis Dream. ii^ 

EfFedt it with fome care, that he may prove 
More fond of her, than Ihe upon her love ; 
And, look, you meet me ere the firft cock crow. 
Puck. Fear not, my lord, your fervant fliall do lb. 



Enter ^een ofFairieSy with her train. 

^ueen. Come, now a roundel, and a Fairy fong : 
* Then, for the third part of the midnight, hence j 
Some to kill cankers in the musk-rofe buds. 
Some war with rear-mice for their leathern wings. 
To make my fmall elves coats ; and Ibme keep back 
The clamorous owl, that nightly hoots, and wonders 
At ' our queint fports. Sing me now aQcep : 
Then to your Offices, and let me reft. 

Fairies iing. 

Teufpottedfnakes with daubk tongue^ 

Tbornf hedgehogs y benotfeen\ 
Newts and blind worms^ do no wrong % 

Come not near our fairy ^een. 

Philomel, with melodf^ 

Sing in your fmet hUaby \ 

LuUa^ klla^ lullaby \ luUa^ kUa^ lullaby: 

Never barm, nor fpett, nor cbarmy 

Come our lovefy lady nigh ; 

So good nigbt with lullaby. 

7 ^iHtfir the third part ef h |fTHVTi» htne$ % ] Wt 
Ihonld rm third part of the midnioht. The commoa 
reading is nonfenie. Poffibly SkakiJ^tar might have ufed the 
Fr^f» word Minmit, 

U^mtr ftuint 8 ? t Rt T i.— ] We fhoald read sports. 
I 4 a Fairy. 

j|^9 A Midfummer'N%his Dream. 

2 Fairy. 

fFesiing fpiders cemc not here ; 
liemt\ yoM hng-ieg^d [plnmn^ bcna : 

Bulks blacky approach not near^ 
Worm^ nor fnaily do no offtme^ 

Philomel "ii^itb loekii^t &c. 

I Fairy, 

. Uena^ away i nan; all is v^il: 
On£t ahof^ ftmi Cmi'wd, 

[£xfM«/ Fatrks. Titf Queen. 

Enur Obcron. 

OJ. What thou feeft, when thou doft wake, 
Do it for chy true love take ; 
Love and lariguifh for his fake *, 
Be it oimcc^ or cat, or bear, 
Fard, or boar wuhbriftled hair. 
In thy eye that fhall appear, 
When thou wak*ft, it is thy dean 
Wake, when fomc vije thing is near* \Ent Ol 

EnUr Lyfander and Hermia» 

lyf^ Fdr love, you faint with wandring in the wood \ 
And, to ipeak troth, \ have forgot our way ; 
We'll reft usj Hertnia^ if ihou thijik it good, 
And tarry for the comfort of the day. 

Her, Be*t fo, Lyfander ; find you out a bed. 
For 1 upon this bank will reft my head. 

Lyf. One turf [hall ferve as piJbw for us both. 
One heart, one bed, two bolbin^, and one trcdi. 

Her. Nay, good Lyfander \ for my fake, my dearj" 
Lye furchcr off yet, do not lye fonear. 


A Midftimmer-Nigbi's Dream. 1 2 

hyf, ' O cake rhc fcnic, fwper, of my conference ; 
Love takes the meaning, m love's innocence j 
I mean, that my heart ur>to yours is knit ; 
So that but one heart can you make of it : 
Two buibms, interchained with an oath \ 
So then two boibms, and a Grglc troth : 
Then, by your fide no bed-room me deny \ 
For lying fo, Herma^ I do r:ot lye. 

Her* Lyfander riddles very prettily \ 
Now much bcfhrew my manners, and my pride» 
If Hermra meant to lay, Lyjander ly'd. 
But, gentle friend, for love and cuncfie 
Lye further uff^ in human nwdcfty^ 
Such feparation, as, may well be f^d, 
Becomes a virtuous batdiflor and a maid» 
So far be djftant \ and good night, fwcet friend ; 
Thy love ;ic'er alter, rill thy fweet life end ! 

Lyf Amen, amen, to that fair prayer, fay I ; 
And then end life, when I end loyalty 1 
liere h my bed ; Qeep give thee aJl his reft \ 

Her. With half diac wiih the wiiher's eyesbe prefl ! 


Enter Puck. 

Pack. Through the foreft have I gone. 
But Afbenian found I none. 
On whofe eyes 1 might approve 
This flower's force in ftirring love : 


9 O tAU th/iftft, /ivftK •f «? iAnocente: 

L^^t takf$ tht mtanirrg in /d^*f^t contertncc] HcfC, 
fcy (qxhk tui\ch^tiC< 01 otiier. Imnocrnff anci Caa/frrnie have hec% 
jqmbled into unr rtnrthtr's places, and thcrrbj' deprived i ycry 
ienGb'c rrply of all ktnd of meaning. Rrtlofc each tg in right 

ere aod zirn (onie wtU bt thi&; > when Ihe kuui mberpr«ic4 
wordi t9 ao evil meaning, he re^Uctf 

O inh thf ffnje, /'Witt, 9/ my confetcocc* 
i. f. ;udj[c of my mnning by the drift of my whole fpcech, 


f 22 A Midfummer'Nigbis Dream^ 

r<r^it and filence I who is here ? 

Weitds of ji:'e€ns be doch wear ; 

T.-U5 is he, my mailer taad, 

Defpiied the Jtbeman maid. 

Ana here the maiden fieeptng &uad 

On the dank and dirty ground. 

Vvtizj foui ! ihe durft not lye 

Near to this lack-love Kill-mncfie. 

Churl, upon thy eyes I throw 

AH tbc pow'r this charm doch owe : 

When thou wak*!l, let love tbrbid 

Sleep hiS loar on thy eye-lid ; 

So awake, when I am gone : 

FcH- 1 muft now to Oberon. C^^ 

SCENE vn. 

Enter Demetrius and Helena rumm^: 

HeL Stay, tho* thou kill me, f^eet Demetrius h 

Dem. I charge thee, hence, and do not haunt me 

Hel O, wilt thou darkling leave me ? do not lb. 

Dem. Stay, on thy peril \ 1 alone will go. 

\_Exit Demettiui 

HeL O, I am out of breath in this fond chaoe \ 
The more my prayer, the lefler is my grace. 
Happy is Hermia^ whcrelbe'er fhe lies ; 
For ihe hath blefled, and atrraftive, eyes. 
How came her eyes fo bright ? not with (alt tears s 
If To, my eyes are oftner wa(h*d than hers : 

and do not pervert the fcnfe of an ambignoat wnrd tea mcuillg 
^aite foreign to the difcourfc, Befid :s, fays he, 

^^vt tahs the mtaning in io^'i*s innocence. 
I. *. The innocence of your love may teach you to difcover ths 
innocence of mine. Thefe are the kntiments, which were quite 
loft in this aakHard traafpoJiuon. 

A Midfummer-Nigy s Dream. ir 

No, no, I am as ugly as % bear \ 
For beafts, that meet mc, run away for fear. 
Therefore no marvel, tho* DsmHrius 
I)o (as a moiiftcr) fly my pretence thus. 
What wicked, and diflcmbling, glafs of mine 
Made me compare with Henma*% fphery eyne ? 
But who is here ? Lyfander on the ground : 
Dead or afleep ? I fee no blood* no wound : 
Lyfander^ if you live, good Sir, awake. 

Lyf And run thro* iire I wiJlj for thy fwett fake. 

Tranfparent Hikn^ nature here (hews art. 
That through thy bofbm makes me fee thy heart. 
Where is Dmetrim ? Oh, how fit a word 
Is that vite name, to perifh on my fword! 

Hd. Do not fay fo, Lyfander^ fay not to % 
What tho* he love your Hermia ? lord, what tho' ? 
Yec Herma dill loves you i then be concent, 

Lyf, Content with Hemu'a ? no : I do repent 
The tedious minutes I with her have ipent ; 
Not Hermia^ but Helena I love : 
Who will not change a raven for a dove ? 
The will of man is by hi? reafon fway'd i 
And reafon fays, you are the worthier maid. 
Things, growing, are not ripe until their feafon i 
So I, being youngs 'till now npe not to reafon j 
And, touching now the point of human skill, 
Keafon becomes the marfhal to my will. 
And leads me to your eyes ; where I o'erlook 
Love's {lories, written in love*s richeft book. 

Htl. Wherefore was I to this keen mock'ry bornf 
When at your hands did I deferve this fcom ? 
Is't not enough, js't not enough, young man* 
That I did never, no, nor never can, 
peferve a fweet look from Demetrius* eye, 
Put you muft flout my infufficiency? 




<24 A Midjummer-Nigbt^s Dream. 

Good m)th, you do me wrong \ good footh, you doi 

\xi Uich difdaKifui manner mc to woo : 

B;*t fare youwrU. Perforce I muft eonfcis, 

I thought you lord iA more true gcntlencfe : 

Ch, that a lady, of one man refused, 

Should of an'.'thfr cliercfore be abus*d ! f 1 

Lj^. SJxe lct& iK>t Herima \ ^^nmr^f deep chou there 
And never may 'ft thou come Lyjander near ^ 
For as a fui fcu oi the fwcctelt iWngs 
The decpeft loathing to the ftomach brings | 
Or as the herefies, that men do leave. 
Are hated moil: of thofe they did deceive i 
So tbou, my forfeit and niy herefie. 
Of all be hated, but die molt of me I 
Anc, all my jiow'rs addreis your love and might 
To honotif Hekn^ and to be her Knight! [Exk 

Her. Hdp me, Ly fonder ^ help nr^f do thv bcft 
To plu^k this crawling lerpent from my breaft : 
Ay mc, for pity, what a dream was here ? 
Ly fender ^ look, how I do quake with fcar j 
Me-thought, a ferpcnt eat my heart away j 
And you lat finiling at his cruel prey: 
Jyfandcrl what removed ? Lyfa?tdeF, lord! 
What, out of hearing gone ? no found, no word ? 
A lack, where are you ? fpeak, and if you hear. 
Speak, of all ioves ; (I fwoon almoft, with fear.) 

Ko ? ' then I weli perceive, \ou are not nigl 

Or deadi, or youj TU find immediately, lExiL 

""i i 


A Midfummtr NigMs Dream. 


The WOOD. 

Enter Quince, Snug, Bottom, Flute, Snout skM 

S'he §ueen cf FaiHes fying ajktp. 


ARE we all mec? 
^m, Pat, pat i and here's a marvcHom con- 
venient place for our rrhearlal 7 his green plot (hal! 
be our ftage, this haurhorn-brake our tyring houtev 
and we will do it in adion, as wc will do it before the 

Bet. Pt!€r §^me - 

^irH, What (?ly'{\ chou, bully Bsttmr? 

BH\ There arc thrngs in this comedy of Pjramui 

d Tbish^ that wiJl never plcafe. Firft, Pyramus 
mull draw a Iword to kill himfclf, which the ladies 
cK abide. How aafwer you chat ? 

Snout, By'rlaken-, a parlous fear. 

Star, I believe we muft leave the killing cot, nrficn 
all is dune. 

Bet. Not a whit, 1 have a device to make all well ; 
write me a prologue, and !et the prologue Icem to fty, 
we will do no harm with our fwonJs, and that PyramltK 
is not kiird indeed j and for more bccteraiTurance tcH 

em, that I Pyramus am not PjtramuSy but Bottom 

e weaver ^ this will put tbem out of fear. 

Stum, Well, we will have fuch a prologue, and it 
Oiall be written in eight and fix 

Bet. No, make h two more \ let k be wxitcen in 


and cigl 



A Midfummir-Night's Dream. 

Snout, WiU not the ladies be afraid of the Don ? 

Stiir. I fear it, I promifc you. 

B^* MalierSf you ought to conTider with yixif 
fclvcs ; to bring in, God fhidd us, a lion .arnor^ b- 
dks, b a moft dreadfijl thing i for there is not a mort 
fearful wild-fowl than your hon living ; and wc ought 
to look to it. 

^nout. Therefore another prologue muft tcU, be is 
not a lion. 

Bot, Nay you muft name his name, and half hk 
fiice muft be fcen through the lion's neck i and 
Jumfclf muft fpcak through, fiiying thus, or to 
lame defe^ i ladies, or fair ladies^ I would wifli yoo, 
or I would requcft you, or I would intrcac you, not to 
fear, not to trembie i my life for yours \ if you thinkt 
I come hither ^ a lJon» it were pity of my life -, tio, 
1 am no fuch thing, I am a man as other men arei 
and there indeed kt him name his name, and tcU them 
pl^nly he is Snug the joiner, 

^in. Well, it fhall be fo j but there is two 
things, that is, to bring tlie moon-light bco a dtanv' 
ber i for, you know, Pyramus and fbiiby meet by 

Snug. Doth the moon ftiinc that night wc play out 

Bot, A kalendar^ a kalendar ! took in the alnUDack} 
find out moon-iliinc, find out moon^fhinc, 

^/ff. Yes, it doth (bine that night, 

B&t, Why then may you leave a cafement of the 
great chamber-window, where we phy, open i and 
the moon may fhineln at the cafement. 

^rn. Ay, or cl& one mud come in with a bufli 
of thorns and a lanthom, and iay^ he comes to 
figure, or to prcfcnt, the peribn of moon-flunc, T 
there is another thing : we muft have a wall in 
great chamber, for Pyramm and liisij (Ciys the ftory) 
did talk through the chink of a wall. 

[hem V 






A Midfufnmeh-Nighfs Dteam. 127 

Snug. You never can bring in a wall. What iky 
you, BottGm? 

Bet, Some man or other muft prefent Wall ; and 
let him have fbme plafter, or fbme lome, or ibme 
rough-caft about him, to fignify wail : Or let him hold 
his fingers thus ; and through the cranny fhall Pyra- 
mus and Tbisly whisper. 

^irt. If that may be, then all is well. Come, fit 
down every mother's fon, and rehearfe your parts. 
PyramuSj you b^n ; when you have fpoken your 
ipeech, enter into that brake ; and fo every one ac- 
cording to his cue. 

S C E J^ E IL 
Enter Puck iebind. 

Puck. What hempen home-fpuns have we fwaggcr- 
So near the cradle of the fairy Queen ? 
What, a play tow'rd ? TU be an auditor % 
An After too, perhaps, iflfeecaufe. 

^n. Speak, Pyramus ; Tbisty^ ftand forth. 

Pyr. msiyy the flower of odious lavours fwcet 

^uin. Odours, odours. 

Pyr, Odours, favours fweet. 

So doth thy breath, my deareft nisly^ dear i 
But hark, a voice ! ftay thou but here a whit % 

And, by and by, I will to thee appear, [Exit "Pyr^ 

Puck, A flxanger Pyramus than e'er plaid here ! [.^^£ip, 

7a/. Muft I fpeak now? 

^in. Ay, marry, muft you ; for you muft undcr- 
ftand, he goes but to fee a noife that he heard, and 
is to come ^ain. 

Tbtf Moft radiant Pyramus, moft UUy-white of huc^ 

Ofcolour like the red rofe on triumphant bryer, 
Moft brisky Juvenik, and eke moft lovely Jew, 

As true as trueft horfe, that yet would never tire^ 
I'll meet thee, Pjramus^ at Ninny^ tomb. 

28 A Midfummer-Night's Dream*, 

^ffH. Ktfmi* tomb, man \ why you miift noc 
that yet : that you aniwer to Pyramus \ you Ipeak all 
your part at once, cues and all, Pjrjtmui^ enter i your 
cue is part \ it is, never fire. 

Rt-enstr Bottom, with m Afs-heaL 

Tbif 0» As true as trueft horfc, that J^t woi 

never tire. 
Pyr, If i werr fair, 7JiV3y, I wtrc only chine. 

^in. O monilrous ! O ftningc ! wc afe haunted! 
pray, mafters ; rty, maftcrs ; help ! \Tbi Clowns 

fuck. rU Ib'low you^ Til lead you about t roi 

Through bogj through bulh, through bi 
through bryf r ; 
Sonnetimcs a horie Til be, fomctimcs a hound, 

A hog, a headlels bear, fometimc a fire. 
And n^igh, and bark, and grunt, and roar and bt 
Like horle, hound, hog, bear, fire, at every turn, 

Bct^ Why do they run away ? this is a knavery 
them to make me afeard* 

Enier Snout. 

Smut. O BoUom, thou art changed ; what do I J 
on dice ? 

BtH. What do you fee? you fee an afi-head of yo; 
own, do you i 

Enter Quince. 

^in. Blels thee, Boftomy blcfs thee 5 thou art 

Bot. 1 lee their knavery, this is to make an aft of 
me, to fright me if they couid \ but I will not fttr 
from this phicc, do what they can ; I will walk up 
and down h^r^^ and I will frng, that they fhall hear 
I am noc afr^d, [Single 

A Midfummer-Nigbis Dream. 129 

The Oufel cock, fo black of hue. 

With orange-tawny bill. 
The throftle with his note fo truc> 

The wren with little auill. 

^een. Wliat angel wakes me from my flow'ry bed ? 


Bot. The finch, the fparrow, and the lark, [Sings. 

The plsun-fong cuckow gray, 
Whofe note full many a man doth mark. 

And dares not anfwer, nay. 
For, indeed, who would fet his Wit to fo foolifh a 
bird ? who would ^ve a bird the lyc, tho* he cry 
€uckow never fo ? 

^een. I pray thee, gefitlc mortal, iing again; 
Mine car is much enamour'd of thy note. 
So is mine eye enthralled to thy fhape ; 
And thy fzur virtue's force (perforce) doth move me. 
On the lirft view to fay, to fwear, I love thee. 

Bot, Methinks, miftrefs, you ihould have little 
reafon for that : and yet, to fay the truth, reafon and 
love keep little company together now-a-days. The 
more the pity, that fome honeft neighbours will not 
make them friends. Nay, I can ■ glcek upon oc- 

^een, Tho.u art as wife, as thou art beaudful. ' 

Bot, Not fo neither : but if I had wit enough to 
get out of this wood, I have enough to ferve mine 
own timi. ■ 

^ecn. Out of this wood do not defire to go. 
Thou ftialt remain here, wfiether thou wilt or no, • 
I am a fpirit of no common rate ; 
The funimer ffiU doth tend upon my ftate. 
And I do love thee ; therefore, go with me, 
m ^ve thee &ries to attend on thee \ 

I Joke f ftoff. ' Mr. P^. 

Vot. L K And 

I'^b A Midfummer-Nighis t)rea^. 

And they fliall fetch thee jewels from the deep, 
And fing^ while thou on preficd fiowcrs dull ilocp 
And I will purge thy mortal grolsnefs fo. 

That thou (halt like aji airy ipiric go. 
Piafehl&jfom I Cohwtb! Mo!hf3LndAlujlarJ/tcdf 

Enter four Fairies^ 

Fair. Ready, 
Fasn And I. 
Fair. And L 
FatT'. And I : where fliall we go 


^ecn. Be kind, and courteous to this gentleman 
Hop in his watks» and gambole in his eyes } 
Feed him with apricocks and dewberries^ 
^'ith purple grapes, green figs and mulberries. 
The honey -bags ftcal from the humble bees. 
And for night-tapers crop their waxen thighs 
And light them at the fiery glow-worm's eyes^ 
To have my love to bed> and to arife: 
And pluck the wings from painted butter^ea. 
To fan the moon-beams from his fleeping Eye* i 
Nod to him elves, and do him courtefies. 

1 Fair. Hail, mortal, hail ! 

2 Fdir. Hail! 

3 Fair. Hail ' ■ 
BoL I cry your worfhip's mercy heartily j I 

fccch your wor(hip*s name. 

Coif. Cohwib, 

Bot. I fiiall dcfjre of you more acquaincancCj 
mafter Ccbweb \ if I cut my finger, I fluil make 
with yoii. Your name, honcft gcntfcnwin. 

Peafi. Peafchloffom. 

BoL 1 pray you> commend me to .miftnrft 
your mother, and to vmSkx Pcafcccd your 

Good mafttr 'Peafiiifffdm^ TftiaH dcfire of you more 
acquaintance too. Ybor name, 1 befccdh you, St. 

Muf. Mufiardfeed. 

Bot, Good mafter Maftarifeei^ I know yottr (n) pa- 
frtitige wefl : tliac fame coWardly giint-tke Gx-fcetf 
hath dcvomrM tcmy a scritfefhan -of your hdufe. I 
promife you, ycnA* KintfrcA hath made ttiy eyeS witcr 
ere now. I defire mdre xX your acquAitance, godd 
mafter Kfafiardfeed. 

^een. Come, wait tlpon^Hn, Icad'hhnto mjr boWcr. 

TKe 'moon, Tnerfnriks, looks, with a w^tiy eye ; 
And when ftie Weeps, Weep ev^ Kttfc^oWer, 

tantentingibme erffbrced chaftity ! 
Tie up my love's tdAgdc, bring him fllencly, '[£x!Ar^, 

S € E N E IV. 

Enter King of Fairies, 

Ok Iwo*ider, if TStW/r/ii be kWdk'd: 
Then what it was that next came in her eye. 
Which Ihe miift doat oh b e5ttfemity. 

Enter Puck, 

Here comes my niefehger ! how ixyw, mad ^i^ 
What night^rurenoW about this hsUiHted grove? 

Puck. My niiftrefi i/rith a nionfteris in*Iovc. 
Nestr to'her ddfc and confehtted bof^eer. 
While (he was in her dull and fleeping hour^ 
A crew ()f patches, rude mechanicals. 
That work ibr bread upon Athenian ftaUs, 
Were met together to rehcarfe a play. 
Intended for^g^t ^Sefius* 'nuptial day. 
J3|^ ihidk?w*ft t^ batten fdrt, 

Wte'PjW*iw jMicfehtcd, in their fport 

I^m) -::::«>«^/#/r. Otlbrd Edit.-* Vulg. fmhna vu/lj 
k 2 Forfook 

3* A Midfummer-Nigbis Dream. 

Forfook his fcene, and enter'd in a brake ; 

When I did him at this ac vantage take. 

An Afs's nole i fixed en his head \ 

Anon, his Tbisiy nr.ul^ be aniWered, 

And forth my minnock comes : when they him ip]r« 

As wile geefe, that the creeping fowler eye. 

Or niiTet-pated chougliS, n.^my in ibrt, 

Riiing and cav. ing at ;hc gun's rrport. 

Sever themfdves, and madly fweep the sky } 

So at his fighc, away his fellows fiy ; 

And, at our flamp, here o'er and o'er one falls; 

Pe murder cnti^^ and help Irom ^iitens caUs. 

Their fenfe thus weak, lor with their fears thus ftrongi 

Made fenilkl's thi;.gs begin to do them wrong. 

For briars and thcrns at i .vir apparel fnatch. 

Some, ficeves \ lbn;c, hats ; ht^m yieldcn all tfaingp 

I led them on in this diftracled fear. 
And left fwect P}ramus tranllated there: 
When in that moment (fo it came to pals) 
Titama wak'd, and lln*:tway lov*d an afi. 

Ob. This falls out better, than I could devile. 
But haft thou yet latch'd the Jtbenian*% eyes 
With the love-juice, as I did bid thee do ? 

Puck. 1 took him ilecping; that is finifh'd t00{ 
And the Athenian woman by his fide. 
That when he wakes, of force Ihe muft be cy*d. 


Enter Demetrius and Hermia. 

Ob, Stand clofe, diis is the fame Atbemam, 

Puck, This is the woman, but not this the man. 

Bern, O, why rebuke you him that loves you fof 
Lay breath fo bitter en your buter toe. 

/;Vr. Now I but chide, but I Ihould ufe thee worie % 
For thou, I fear, haft given me caufe to curie: 


A Midfummtr-TTighis Dream. i%^ 

IF thou haft llain Lyfander in his (leq), 

Being o*er fhoes in blood, plunge In the deep- 

And kill mc too, * 

The fun was not fo true unto the day, 

As he to me. Would he have ftoU'n away 

From flecping Hermia ? TU believe as foon. 

This whole earth may be borM \ and that the moon 

May tl^rough the ccncer creep, and fo dilpleafe 

* Her brother's noon-tide i'tl/ Jrttipvdes. 

It cannot be, but thou hall murtherM him ; 

So Ihould a murclierer look, fo dreati, fo grim. 

Dem.So fhould the miinhLT*d look -, and lb fhould I, 
PicrcM through tlie heart with your ftem cruelty : 
Yet you the murtherer look as brighti and clear* 
As yonder Fetms in her glimrn'ring fphere. 

Her, What's this to my Lyfandcr? where is he? 
Ah, good DcmctriuSy wilt thou give him mc ? 

Bmi, Tad ratlicrgive hiscarcafs to my hounds. 

//o*i Out^ dog! outj cur! thou driv* ft me part the 
Of maidtn^s patience. Haft thou flain him then ? 
Henceforth be never niimber'd among men. 
O! once fell true, and even for my fake, 
Purft thou have look'd upon him, being awake ? 
And haft thou kiil'd him fleeping ? O brave touch ! 
Could not a worrn^ an adder do fo much ? 
An adder did it, for witli doublcr tongue 
Than thine, thou ferpent, never adder ftung. 

Dim. You fpcnd your paiTion on a niiJpris^d mood; 
I am not guilty of hyfander's [ilood. 
Nor is he dead, for aught that J can roll. 

Her, I pray thee, tell mc then that he is well, 

1 Hfr hrubtr'i mQfts fidi with iV Antipodes.] She hyu 
<he would .IS foon bclicvc» thac ihe monn^ ihtn ftiining, could 
creep :hroLigh thccentfc, arid ni«f ihc fun'i light on cbc other 
£dc the Globe. It ir pUin tijcrcfore wc nioal<i rrtid 

j'th' Anti^odt^t /. *• ia the j!^Jrfi/»^f# where Ihe 

Inn wu then ihining. 

3j4r A Midfutnmer-Nighis Dreanf, 

Lem, And if I could, what nK>uld I get thercfejret 

Ner. A privilege never to fee me more 5 
And fr#n tny hated prcfencc part I ib : 
See me no more, whether he's dead Qr no. {ExiL 

Dem. There is no following her in this fierce v;ea 
Here, therefore, for a while I will remun : 
So forrow's heavinefs doth heavier grow. 
For debt, that bankrupt fleep doth ibrrow owe; 
Which now in ibme flight meafure it will pay. 
If for his Tender here I make fomc ftay, [Xi/j dam. 

Ob. What haft tliou done ? thou hs^ miftakcn quite, 
And laid thy love-juice on fome true love's fight : 
Of thy milprifion muft perforce enfuc 
Son:e true love tum'd, and not a falfc tum'd true. 

Fuck, Then fate o*er-rules, that, qt^ man hddii^ 
A million faU, confounding oath on oath. 

Ob, About the wood go Iwifter th^n the wizid. 
And Hekm of Jtbens, fee, thou find. 
All fancy-fick ftie is, and pale of cheer ; 
With Hghs ol love, that coft the frefh Uood dor % 
By fomc illufirn, fee, thou bring her here j 
I'll cjurm his eyes, aganft fhe doth appear. 

Pu,ck. I go, I go ; look, how I go ; 
Swifter than arrow fi-om the Tartar's boW. [£**!?• 

Ob, Flower of this purple dye. 
Hit with Cupid's archery, 
Sii/< in apple of his eye ? 
Wlien his love he doth efpy. 
Let her fhine as glorioudy 
As the Venus of the sky. 
When thou wak'ft, if Ihc be by. 
Beg of her for remedy. 

Enter Puck, 

Puck. Captain of our fairy band, 
Mclcna is here at band. 

Jl Midfummer-NigM s Dream* 13 

And the youth, miftook by me, 
Pleaduig for a lover*s fee. 
Shall we their ionc! paE;eant fee ? 
Lord^ what fools thefe mortals be \ 

Ok, Stand afidc ; the noifc^ the/ make, 
"Will caufe Demetrius to awake. 

Puck, Then will two at once woo one ; 
That muft needs be fport alone. 
And thofc things do beft pleafc me. 
That bcfal p'repoft'rouriy. 



^H Emer Lyfander and Helena. 

W; Lyf* Why fhoiild you think, that I fhould woo in 
Scom and dcrifion never come in tears* 
Look, when I vow, I weep i and vows fo bom, 
' In their nativity all truth appears : 
How can thefe things in me fecm fcom to you. 
Bearing the badge of faith, to prove them true? 
HeL You do advance your cunning more and more ; 
When truth kills truth, O de\alifK, holy, fray ! 
Thefe vows are flcrmid^ i will you give her o er ? 
* Weigh oath with oath* and you will nothing weigh \, ^ 
y our vows to her and me, put in two Icalcs, 
Will even wei^, and bodi as light as tales. 
Lyf. I had no judgment when to her I fworc, 
fhr. Nor none, in my mind, now you give her o'er. 
Lyf. Demetrius loves her, and he loves not you, 
Dtm. [awakifi^.^ O Hckny goddcft, nymph, per- 
■ fedt, divine, 
To what, my love, (hall I compare thine cyne? 
Cryftal IS muddy; O how ripe in fhow 
Thy HpS^ thofe kiding cherries j tertipting grow ! 
That pure congealed white, high Taurus' foow^ 
Fanned witli tlte eaftem wind, turns to a crow 

K 4 Whca 


A Midftanmer-Nighis Dreamt 

'When thou hold' ft up thy hand. O \vt mc ktft 
(a) This Purenefe of pure white, this fcal of bBiij 

HcL O fpight, O hcli ! I fee you all arc bene 
To fct againil mc^ for your merriment t 
If you were civil, and knew ccuitcfie, 
You would not do me thus much injury. 
5 Can you rot hate me, as 1 know you do. 
But muft join infoltnts to mock me too? 
If you are men, as men you arc in (how. 
You would not ufe a gentle lady fo : 
To vow and fwcar, and tupcr-praifc my pnrts ; 
"When I am fure, you hate me with your hearts. 
You both are rivals, and love Herma^ 
And now both rivals to mock Helena, 
A trim exploit, a manly enterprize. 
To conjure tears up in a poor maid*s eyes 
"With yoorderifion ! none of nobler Ibrt 
Would fo offend a virgin, and extort 
A poor foul's patience, al! to make you fport, 

Lyf You are unkind^ Dcfneirins \ be not fo i 
For you love Hermia \ this, you know, I know. 
And here wich all good will, with all my heart. 
In Hcrmiii's love I yield you up my part 1 
And yours of Hckna to me bequeadi, 
Whom I do love, and will do to my death. 

Ht!, Never did mockers wafte more idle breath. 

Dem. Lyfandsr^ keep thy Hermia^ \ will none j 
If e'er I lov'd her, all that love is gone. 

3 Ctt» y^u not hait mr, aj J Jito'w vou ^4* 

Sut YOU mufi J91H IK SOULS 10 M4ii Ml AM^] 

ii rpokcn to DimttriuK The lail line i& jionTetirc. They flit 
be read (Hu!i, 

Bit* tnujl jQtM iHSOLitirft Iff mack mf $49^ 
meaning hffatidir^ who^ :» ihe ihuughr, mucked her when 
dtcUrcd Ku puHion for h^r, 

[ (a) Ihia $*irtntji^ Oxibrd Edit. Vulg. Tii> FrUetfi.^ 

j9 Midfummer-Nighis Dream. 137 

My heart to her but, as gutft-wile, foj6um*d ; 
And now to Helen it is home returned, 
There ercr to remain, 

ijt/I It is not fo. 

Dent, Difparagc not the faith, thou doft not know. 
Left to- thy peril thou abide it dear. 
Look, where thy love comes, yonder is thy dear. 

Enter Hermia. 

Her. Dark night, that from the eye his funAion takes. 
The ear more quick of apprehenfion makes ; 
Whefcin it doth imp^r the feeing fenfc. 
It pays the hearing double rccompence. 
Thou art not by mine eye, Lyfandery found ; 
Mine ear, I thank it, brought me to thy found. 
But why unkindly didft thou leave me fo ? 

Lyf, Why (hould he ftay, whom k)ve doth prefi togo? 

Her. What love could prcfs Lyfander from my fide? 

Lyf, Lyfander*^ love, that would not let him*t»de. 
Fair Helena ; who more engilds the night» 
Than all yon fiery 0*s and eyes of hght. 
Why feek'll thou me? could not this make thee know. 
The hate, I bear thee, made me leave thee fo ? 

Her, You fpeak not, as you think -, it cannot be. 

HeL Lo, ihe is one of this confed*racy ; 
Now, I perc«vc, they have conjoin'd all three. 
To fafhion this falie fport in fpight of me. 
Injurious. //fnw'tf, moft ungrateful maid. 
Have you confpir*d, have you with thefe contrived 
To bait me with this foul derifion ? 
Is all the counfel that we two have ihar*d. 
The fifters vows, the hours that we have fpent. 
When we have chid the hafty- footed time 
For parting us ^ O ! and is all foigot ? 
^U ichool-^ys fiiendihip, childhood innocence ? 



13? ^ Midfummer-Nigh^s Dreaf^. 

We, Hermia^ like two artificial ^ods, 

Creattcl with our needles both one flower. 
Both en (Mie fahipler, fitting on one cudiion } 
Both warbling or one fong, both in ope key ^ 
As if cur hands, our fides, voices, and minds 
Had been incorp'rate. So we grew together^ 
Like to a double cheny, ifet ming parted* 
But yet an union in partition ; 
Two lovely[ berries molded on one ftem» 
So with two feeming bodies, but one heart ; 
I'wo of the firft, (-a) like coats in heraldry, 
pue but to one, and crowned with 6ne crcft. 
And will you rend our ancient love afundcr. 
To join with nien in fcoming your poor friend ? 
It is not friendly, 'tis not maidenly ; 
Our fex, "as weil as I, may chide you for it; 
Though I alone do feel die injury. 

Her. I am amazed at your pailionate words : 
I fcom you* not ; it feems, that you Icom me. 
• Hel. Have you not fet Lyfander^ as in icom. 
To follow me, and pr^lc my eyes and face ? 
And made your other love, Demetrius^ 
(Who, even but now, did Ipum me with his foot) 
To call mc goddefs, nymph, divine, and rare. 
Precious, celeRial ? wherefore (peaks he this 
To her he hates? and wherefore doth Lyfander 
Deny your love, fo rich within his foul. 
And tender me, forfooth, aficftion; 
But by your fetting on, by your conlent? 
What though I be not fo in grace as you. 
So' hung upon with love, fo fortunate; 
But mifcrable moft, to love unlov'd? 
This you Ihould pity, rather than delpifc. 

Her. I underftand not what you mean by this. 

HeL Ay, do, perfever, counterfeit fad looks, 

[ (m) iiii. M. Fylks, Efquirc. Vulg, iife ] 


vf Midfummer^Nighh Dream* 

Make mouths upon mc, when t turn my back j 
Wink each at othtFj hold the fwect jcft up : 
This fport, well carried, (hall be chronicled. 
IF you have any pity, grace, or manners, 
You would HQt nuke n)C fuc(> an a^gumenr; 
But fare ye well, 'us purtly mine own fault. 
Which dtadi or abfcnce loon HialJ reniedy, 

Lyf Stay, ^ti\^t HeUfsa \ hear my excufe ; 
My love, my life^ my foul, fdk Helena} 

HeL O excellent! 

Her, Sweety do noc fcorn her Jo. 
^K Dcm, If flie cannot entreat, I can compel, 
^^ Lyf. Thou canit compel, no more than fhe entreat: 
Thy threats have no moje Ibcngthj than her weak 

Helen, I love ditei by my life, I do\ 
I fwear, by that which I will lofe for thee, 
To provp Jiin) falfc, that iliys^ I love thee not. 

Dem, 1 fay, I love thee pore than he can do- 

Lyf, If thou fay fo, withdraw and prove it too* 

Detn, Quick J come— — 

Her, Lyfmtd^^ whereto tends all this? 

I,yf, Away» you Efbhpe! 

Bern. No, no, he'll feem 
To break away ; take on as he would follow. 
But yet come not; you are a tame man, go, 

Lyf Hang oil, thou cat, thou burr i vile thing, let 
loo(e i 
Or I will fliake thee fiom me, like a ferpent. 

Her, Why are you grown lb rude f what change 
is diis ? 
Sweet love! 

L\f. Thy love? our, tawny Tartar^ out; 
Out, toathed mcdidne : hated poiion, hence. 

Her. Do you not jeft ? 

HeL Yes, fboth, and lb do you. 

Lyf, Demetrius^ I will keep my word with thee. 



40 A Mtdfummer'NigM s Dream* 

Dem. I would, I had j'our bond ^ for, I pcrcei 
A weak bijnd holds youi I'll not tjutt your word. 

/w: VVhaC, Jhould I hurt her, ftnkc bcr, kill bi 
Although 1 hate her, Tl] not harm her fb. 

Her. What, can you do mc greater harm> than hate] 
Hate nic! wherctijre? O me! what news, my lovc?| 
Am not 1 HoTnia ? arc not you Lyfandir f 
I am as fair now, as I was crc-while* [me] 

Since nig^c^ you lovM nie \ yet, fincc night, you U 
Why riien you left me— (O the gods forlwd itl ) 
In earneil, fhall I fay ? 

Lyf Ay, by my \\k\ 
And never did dcfire to fee thee more. 
Therefore be out of hope, of qucftion, doubt ; 
Be certa^ni nothing truer ^ *dsnojeft; 
That I do hate thee, and love Hekna, 

Her. O mcj you juglcri oh, you canker-blofTom, 
You tlvK f of love J what, have you come by night. 
And floirn my love's heart fron\ him ? 

HcL Fint, i'faith! 
Have you no modefty, no maiden ftiamc. 
No touch of ballifuinrfs ? what, will yovi tear 
Impatient anfwers from my grndc tongue? 
Fie, 6e, you counteifcit i you puppet, you- 

Her. Puppet ! why, fo : ay, that ^vay gor^^tthcgami 
Now, I perceive, that Ihc h.uli maJc compare 
Between our Raturcs ; fhe hath urg*d her neight ; 
And with her perfonage, her tall pcrfonage, 
Her height, foifocxh, ftie hatli pievnird with Kimu 
And are you grown ib high in his eftcein, 
Becaufc 1 am fo dwarfifh and fo low? 
How low am I, thou painud maypole? jpeak^ 
How low am f ? t am not yet io low. 
But that my nails can reach unto thine eyes, 

Hti I pray you, though you mock me, gcntl< 
Let her not hurt tiic : 1 \vas never curAl i 


A Midfummer- Night* s Dream. 141 

I have no ^ft at all in flirewilhnels ; 

I am a right maid, for my cowardice : 

Let her not ftrike me. You, perhaps, may think, 

Becaufe (hc*s fomcthmg lower than myfelf. 

That I can match her. 

Her. Lower! hark, again. ■ 

HeL Good Hmniay do not be fo bitter mth mc ; 
I evermore did love you, Hermioy 
Did ever keep your counfcls, never wrong'd you ; 
Save that, in love unto Demetrius^ 
I told him of your flcalth unto this wood : 
He followed you, for love I followed him. 
But he hath chid me hence, and threaten'd me 
To ftrike me, Ipum me, nay, to kill me too ; 
And now, fo you will let me quiet go. 
To Atbtns will I bear my folly back. 
And follow you no further. Let me go. 
You fee, how fimple and how fond I am. 

Her, Why, get you gone : who Wt that hindcis 

Hil A foolifh heart, that I leave here behind 

Her. What, with Lyjandtr? 

HeL With Demetrius. 

Lyf. Be not afraid, ihe (hall not harm thee, HeUns, 

Dem. No, Sir, ihe fhall not, though you take her part. 

HeL O, when fhc's angry, flie is keen and fhrewd; 
She was a vixen, when fhe went to Ichool j 
And though Ihe be but little, fhe is fierce. ^ 

Her. Little, again? nothing but low, and litdc? 
Why will you futter her to flout mc thus j 
Let me come to her. 

Lyf, Get you gone, you dwarf. 
You ASnwmSy of hind'ring knot-grafi made ; 
You bead, you acom.. 

Dem, You are too offidous. 
In her behalf that fcoms your lervices* 
Jjet her alone, Ipeak not of Hekna^ 


142 ^ Mfd/ummer-Ntghis Dream.' 

Take not her part: for if thou doft incoxl 
Never fo little fiiew of 1o\t to her. 
Thou fhilc aby it. 

Lyf. Now fte holds me not \ 
Now foliow, if thou dar*ft; to try wlK>fe pg^ 
Or thincy or oiine, is moil in Tfelata. 

Ikm, Follow? nay, T'^' 7 ~ -- -^ce check ^ 

[£ ^r fiff^ Dcmcirii 

Her. Yoiij ni't(lrdls» aii this coyl is Idng oi yoa 
Niy» go not back. 

HfL I will noc tnift you, 1 ; 
Nor longer ftay in your cum comp'smy. 
Ypur^hiindH than oiinc, arc quicker for a fray; 
My legs are kxigcr, though, to run away. 

[Ex^mjU: Hcnma/snyiisi^He 

£ii/rr ObcTon attd PCick. 

Ok This k thy negligence : flill thou mlftak'fl^ 
Or elfe ct>mmiti'ft thy knaveries wiihngly, 

Psick. Believe me, King of ihadows, 1 mifhxdc;* 
T)id not you tcli me, 1 Ihould know the man 
By the Aibenian garments he had on ? 
And fo far blamelcls proYcs my cntcrprizc» 
That I l^vc •nointed an yUbenian's eycsj 
AfkI fo far am I glad it did fo fort, 
As tlus their jaj^ling I cftecm a Ibort. 

Ob. Thou feed, thele lovers feek a place to 6ght| 
Hie therefore^ Rohin^ overcaft the night \ 
The ftarry welkin cover thou nnon 
With drooping fogs, as black as Jcberon % 
And lead thefc tcfty rivab fo aftray. 
As one come not within another's way. 
L*ikc to LyfandfTy fometime, frame thy tongue^ 
Then (Br Denj^irius up with toter wro(^ \ 
And fometime rail thou, like Demetrius v 


Micifummer-Nf^ht^s 'Dream. 

^nd from cadi otli'i!r, look, thou lead diem thujj 

*1T1| b*er clieir brows death-coiintcrfrifing flccp 

With leaden legs and batty wings Jord Lxccp j 

Thcrn crufh this herb into fyfander's eyc^ 

Wtole liquor hath this vinuous property, 

To take from thence all error >vif^ its might ; 

And make his eye-balls roll with wonted fight. 

When they next wake, all tWs dcri/lon 

J5hall feem a dreamt and fruitless vifioni 

And back to Aihens /hall the lovers wend 

With league, whofedate 'till dcach {halJ never end, 

Wliiles 1 in this affair do thee employ^ 

I'll to my Qtiecn, and beg her Indian boy i 

And then I will her charmed eye releafe 

From monlter's view* and al! things fliall be peace. 

Puck. My fairy lord, this miift oe done with haite^. 
For night^s Iwift dragons cut the clouds full fait. 
And yonder fliines .%-<3rtf's harbinger i .. ^ 

At whcj^e approach^ gholls wandring here and there 
Troop home to church-yards ; damned Ipirits all, 
Xhai in crofs-ways ai^d flood* j^^v^ burial. 
Already to their wormy beds are gcne^ 
For k^r left day fhould look their fliamps upon, 
Trity wilfully exile thciT)fclvcs from light ; 
Ami muft for aye confort with bjack-bf0w*d night. 

Ob, But we are fpirirs of another fort; 
1 with ihc tlvxniRg-iight have oft. ma(.!j?'(^orcv 
And» like a forefter* zhz groves may trcad> 
* I'-v*n *tiU the c^fttrn gatr» all fiery-red^ 
Opening on Ncpiune with far-Hlf fling beams. 

Turni into yellow gold bis iait-grccn llreains. 


4 £*'« iiii tht ffif4rn gate, ali jifrfrriy 

^umj tnto ytJ/mv ^tid his /a/^ grftn Jfrfaxti,^ The Epi- 
i^ti /air Sl^rti Ai€ aa uiiiptii uurac^niiig rxpietive* Shsi^j^Ha^^ 

wuhvut dttubt. wrote. .. . 

144 A Muifummer-Nighis Dream. 

But, notuithftandingj hade ; make no dday ; 

Wc may effc<5l this bufinefs yec ere day. \Eicit Ob, 

Puck. Up and down, up and down, 
I will lead them up and down : 
I am fcar'd in field and town. 
Gcbiin^ lead them up and down. 
Here comes one. 

Enter Lyfandcr. 

Lyf. Where art thou, proud Demetrius? /peak th( 

Puck. Here, villain, drawn and ready. Where 

thou ? 
Lyf 1 will be with thee flraight. 
Puck. Follow me then. 
To plainer ground. [Lyf, goes out^ asfoUevsif^ 

Enter Demetrius. 

Dim. Lyfandcr^ fpeak again \ 
Thou run-away^ thou coward, art thou fled ? 
Speak in fome bufh: where doft thou hide thy head? 

Puck. Thou coward, art thou bragging to the 
Tclhng the bufhes that thou look'rt: tor wars. 
And wilt not come I come, recreant ; come, thou \ 
rU whip thee with a rod j he is defil*d> 
That draws a fword on thee. 

Dem. Yea, art thou there? 

Puck, Follow my voice, we'll try no manhood 

Lyfander comes hack, 
Lyf. He goes before me, and fliil dares mc on ; 

i, r. whofe grrisl nfs have the moH cxtci^fivcinfluenee, A 
ruplion of ihe fittir kind we rnctc with in 7'/m«ff, 

i, r. who givBth bleflings wherever it ihrnn. 


A Midfummer-Nighi s Dream. 145 

When I come where he calls me, then he's gone. 

The villain is much lighter-heerd, than I : 

I followM faft, but fafter he did fly; 

That fall'ti am I in daric uneven way. 

And here will reft me. Come, thou gentle day : 

For if but once thou fliew me thy gray light, 
rU find DemetriuSy and revenge this Ipight. 

Enter Puck ami Demetrius. 

Puck, Ho, ho, ho, coward, why c6m*ft thou hot ? 

Dem. Abide me, if thou dar'ft : for. well I wot. 
Thou runn'ft before me, ihifting every pbcc ; 
And dar'ft not ftand, nor look me in the ikco. 
Where art thou ? . 

Puck. Come thou Uther, I am here. 

Dem. Nay, then thou mock'ft me} thou ihalt buy 
this dear. 
If ever I thy face by day-light, fici 
Now, go thy way % ^intnels conftraineth me 
To meafure out my length on this cold bed. 
By day's approach look to be vificedt iLy^^ downi 

S C :E. N e': X. 

Emer Helena. 

HeL O weary night, O long and tedious nighty 
Abate thy hours \ ihine, comforts, from the Eaft j| 
That I may back to Athens by day-light. 

From theie, that my poor company deteft; 
And deep, that ibmedmes (huts op lorrow's eye. 
Steal me a while frorh nunc own company. [Sleefsi 

Puck. Yet but three ? come one more, 
Tt?o of both kinds make up four. 
Here ihc comes, curft and fad : 
£ufid is a knandfli lad. 
Thus to make poor fanales mad. 

Vot. L L Mntef 

14^ A Midfummer'Nighi X Dream 

Enter Hcrmia. 

Her. Never fo weary, never fo in woe, 

Bedabbled witK the dew, and com with brian, 
1 can no Rirther crawl, no further go \ 

My legs can keep no pace with my defircs : 
Here will I reft me, *ull the break of day, 
Hcav'ns Ihkld Lyfander^ if they mean a fray ? 

\^Ljis dffwn 
Pmk, On the ground 
Sleep found, 
Y\\ apply 
To your eye. 
Gentle lover, remedy. 

[Squiezing the Juki m LyfanderV 
When diou w^'ft, 
X Thou tak'ft 

True delight 
In the fight 
Of thy former Jady's eye ; 
And the country proverb known, 
That every man jhoukl take his own. 
In your waking fliall be /hown. 
Jack fliall have JiU, naught fliall go ill^ 
The man ihall have ixis mare agsun, and all be well. 

[£jriVPuck. [Tbtyjlt^ 



A C 

A Midfumfner'Nigys tyriatH. 147 
A C T IV. S C E N £ L 

Continued^ The WOOD. 

Enter ^een df Fairiesi Bottom, Fairies atteniin^i 
and the King behind tbem. 

COME, fit thee down upon this flow*ry bed. 
While I thy aniiable checks do coy, 
Atid flick musk-rofes in thy fleek^ ihioodi'd head i 
And ki^ thy fair large cars, my gentle joy. 

Bot. Whtres Peafeihffbm? 

Peafe. Ready. 

Bot. Scratch my head* Peafehbffom, Where's moiH 
^t\ix Cobweb? 

Cob. Re^dy. 

Bdt, Monfieur Cobweb^ good iftohfieur, get your 
weapons in your hand, and kill mc a red-hipt numble- 
bee on the top of a thiftle ; and ^ good monfieur^ brin^ 
tne the honey-bag. Do not fret your fclf too much in 
the action, monfieur; and, good monfieur, have a 
care, the honey-bag break not ; I fbould be loth to 
have you oVer-flown with a honey-bag, fignior. 
Where's monfieur Mifiardfeed? 

Mufi. Ready. 

Bot. Give mc thy ' neafe, monfieur Mujiardfeeds 
Jway you, leave your curtefie, good monfieur. 

Mt^. What's your will ? 

Bot. N<^thing, good monfieur, but to help Cavaler9 
Cobweb to fcratch. I muft to the barber's, monfieur \ 
SoTy metbinks, I am marvellous hairy about the face. 
Arid I am fuch a tender ais, if my hair doth but tickk 
me, 1 muft fcratch. 

t Neafe (Torl^ire) for iift. Mr. P#/r. 

L a ^etn. 

148 A Midfummer-N'ighfs Dream. 

^etn. What» wik chou hear fonic muftck, my 
fweet love ? 

BcL 1 have a reafonable good car in mufick -, fet us 
have d^e congs and die bones, 

Rural Mu/ick, ^ewfJ, &c. 

^een. Or 6y,fweet love, what thou dcfir'ft to e 

Bot. Truly, a peck of provender ; I could muni 
your good dry oats. Methinks, I have a great dcfij 
to a bottle of hay: good hay, fweet hay Ixaih 

^een, I have a venturous Fairy that fhall feek 
The fquirrers hoard, and fetch rhee thence new nu 

Bot, I had rather have a handful or two of d 
peafc. But, I pray you, let none of your people 
mc ; I have an expofition of fleep come upon me. 

^eeff. Sleep thou, and I "will wind thee in my arn 
F^ries^ be gone, and be all ways away: 
* So doth the woodbine, the fweet honey-ftickJe, 
Gently cntwiil the Mapfe ; Ivy to 
Enrings the barky fingers of the Elm. 
O, how I love thee! how I doac on thee? 

a So doth the *ivosdhine the fit'rtt ^Mnty-fucih^ 

Etfttnii tht ifarhf fingtn ^f iht E^m.j What dors tht' 
hint cncwifl f The h^my juckU. fine the *wi>od6ine and i«i 
/ackk were, till now« but two names for one adij the fame 
FUth, in his /fa/raft Di^ionary* interprets MaJre Sr/^vm 
-tjntodhifiife or honnh fucUe, Wc mult th«rtfore find! a rLipporf 
the nvas^hine as well aa fur die Ivy* Whicli id lionc b/ « 
the lines ihus. 

^^9 d^tb the ivoodBifft, iht fwett hcnrj/uckUp 
Cffitfy fnffivtfl the ^] a p t E ; hj /9 
Emrin^j ffje ^ariy Jiwgert tf the Eim* 
The corruption might hap^n by the firll blunderer dfOpping 
/ in writing the word maple, which word thence bccune 
foflovvinp tranfcTiber, for the fake of a little fenfc acd 
thought iit to change thl» mt^ie ittUt/ema/e i and then 
an epithet lo /v/. 

A Midfummer-Night^s Dream^ 1 4.9 

Enter Puck, , ' 

Oh. Welcome, good Robin ; Sccfl: thou ihk fwect 

fight ? 
ycr dotage now I do begin Co pity* 
Fofj meeting her of late behind che wood. 
Seeking fweet favours for this hateful fool, | 

I did upbraid her, and fall out with her ; I 

For ihe his hairy temples then had rounded I 

With coronet of frefli and fragrant fiowers ; 
Afld that fame dew, which fomerime on the budi j 

Was wont to fwell, like round and orient pearls j i 

Stood now within the pretty flourier*s eyes, I 

Like tears that did their own diigrace bewail. * ! 

When I had at my pleafure taunted her. 
And fhe in mild terms be^*d my patience, ' 

I then did ask of her her changeling child^ ' 

Which ftrait fhe gave me, and her Fairy lent 
To bear him to my bower in Fairy-land. 
And now I have the boy, I will undo , 

This hateful imperfeftion erf" her eyes : 
And» gentle P/rfi*, take this transformed icalp 
From off the head of this Aibenian fwain \ \ 

That he, awaking, when the others do. 
May all to Aibsm back again repair i 
And think no more of this night's accidents, I 

But as the fierce vexation of a dream. 
But, firft, I will releafe the Fairy Queen 5 j 

Be^ as thou wafi "mom to ht\ 

See^ as thou wnji wont t& fie: 

Dian'j bud (a) e'er Cupid'j Jlowsr 

Hath fuch force and Hejfed power, I 

Now^ my ^itania^ wake you, my fweet Queen* I 

^teen. My Oberon! what vifions have 1 Icen! 
M^thought, I was enamoured of an afs. 

l(m) — itr, Dr. nirtbu Vulg, *r,] | 

11 L 3 Ob. 

^5^ A Mtdfumm$r'Nighfs Dream. 

Ob. Ti^cre lies your love* 

^een. How came thele things to pafs ? ' 

Oht how mine eyes do loach this vifagc now ! 

Oi^. Silence, a while ^ Robin^^ take ofFhU head \ 
^iiania^ mufick call ; and ftrike more dead 
Than common fleep of all diefe (a) five the fcnfc. 

^tm, Mufick, ho! mufick j iudi as cJ 

StiU Muftck. 

Puck, When thou awak*ft, with thine own 
eyes peep. 

O^, Sound* mufick i come> my Queen, take h 
with me, 
And rock the ground whereon thefc fleepcrs be. 
Now thou and I are new in amity j 
And will to*morrow midnight (blemnly 
* D^mcc in Duke 'Tbefius^ houfe triumphantly, 
And blefs it to all tar pofterity: 
There (hall tliefe pairs of faithful lovers be 
Wedded, "wxth Thrfins^ all injoUity. 

Pu€k^ Fairy King, attend and mark \ 
I do hear the morning lark. 

Ob. ♦ Then, my Queen, in fiJence fad ; 
Trip we after tlie night's fhadcj 

J Dattft in Duke THefens' heafe iriumphanth^ 
And hhfi it t& tdi f /v in pfi€rityi\ Wcihtmld 
-^— — Ij all FAR pofitritf, 

7. f. to the rtmotcft poflerity. 

4 Thfitf t»y ^u/^H^ iM Jilftkee fad \ 

"Trip tvt itfttfr th€ ntjiiji'jfiaJt.) Mr. Thiahald fiiys. ^hy fit 
FAtriti art fbajtd io/^tfltrix} nigh. He will have it f^de \ 
fo, to mend the rhimc^ fpoiU o«b %ht fenfic Bwd gr^ftiour. But 
he mtJtakes the tneuning of fxi % il figniiies ooiy g>«v«, (bber^g 
Bt>il is oppof^d to ihdr (lances and revfU, which were now MiiliS| 
at th« fingingof tht mi>»nirig lark. ^— So fl^inftr^sTaU^ AA ^H 
My father and tkt genrJtman or* nr i A 9 laM* Fw ~ 


Ua} ^^/w. Dr. nir/fy, — - Vulg./*/.] 


A Midfummer-Nigbis Dream. 

> the globe can compafs foon» 
ifcer than the wand'ring moon, 
^ien. Come, my lord, and in our flight 
Tell me how ic came this nighty 
That I fleeping here was found, [SUepers liefliU, 

With dicfe mortals on the ground, [Exeunt, 

^^ [Wind herns within. 



Enter Thefeus, Egeus, Hippolita, and all bis Train^ 
The. Go one of you» find out the foreftcr. 

^■br now our obfervation is performed, 

^^^nd fince we have the vaward of the day. 
My love fhall hear the mufick of my hounds. 
Uncouple in the weftem valley, go, 

I D ifpatch, I lay, and find the forefter. 

^BK^e will, fair Queen, up to the mountain's top, 

^^nd mark the mufical confufion 
Of hounds and echo in conjundlion. 

Hip^ I was with Hercules and Cadmus once. 
When in a wood of Creel they bay'd the bear 
With hounds of Sparta ; never did I hear 
Such gallant chiding. For befides the groves, 
* The skies, the fountains, ev*ry region near 
Seem'd all one mutual cry, I never heard 
So mufical a difcoai, fuch fwect thunder. 

Thef My hounds arc bred out of the spartan kind. 
So RcwM, fo fanded, and their heads are hung 
With ears that fweep away the morning dew j 
Crook-knce*d, and dew-lap'd, like Thejfalian bulls ; 
Slow in purfuit, but match'd in mouth like bcUs, 

■^ach under each, A cry more tuneable 

^H^as never hallo*d to, nor cheer'd widi horn, 
In Creet^ in Sparta^ nor in 'Thejfaly : 

; T^t ikiit^ ihf r^VKTAiHs. — ] I bdicTC the erne reading ii 

L 4 JuJgc^» 

A MiJfummer-Nigbfs Dream. 

JudgCj when you hear. But fofr, what rympJis 
thcfe ? 

Ege, My lord, this is my daughter here aflcep, 
And this Lyfander^ dus Dfmetrius is. 
This Hdoiaj old Kid^r^s Helena % 
1 wonder at their being here together, 

^if. No doubt^ they rofe up early to oblcrve 
The Rite of M^ j and, hearing our intent, 
Came here in grace of our Solemnity, 
But fpcak, Egeus^ is jiot this the day, 
TiiztHennia flio'uld give anfwer of her choice? 

Ege. It is, my lord, 

^hef. Go bid the huntfincn wake them with th( 

Ibrns^ andSbous wiihjn j Demetrius, Lyfander, U 
and ilclcna, wakt andfiarS up. 

I'hef. Good morrow, fi-icndsi Saint Vakndm is part 
Begin thefe wood- bird& but to couple now? 

Lyf, Pardon, my lord. 

Tbrf, I pray you all, Hand up: 
I know, you two are rival enemies. 
How comes this gentle concord in the world. 
That hatred is fo far from jcaloufie* 
To deep by hate, and Tear no enmity? 

Lyf My lord, 1 fliall reply amazedly, 
Half flcep, half waking. Bur as yet, I fwear, 
J cinnot truly fay how I came here : 
But as I think, (for truly would I fpeak,) 
And now 1 do bethink mc, fo it is ; 
I came with Hivmia hither. Our intent 
Was to be gone from Athens^ where we might be 
Without the peril of th' Ashman law. 

Ege, Enough, enough ^ my lord, you ha%'c enoug 
I beg the law, rhc law upon his head : 
They would have ftoll'n away, they would, Demetrius^ 
Thereby to have defeated you and mci 


A Midfummer-Night's Dream. 153^ 




your witci and mc, or my conient; 
Of my confent, that flic fliould be your wife. 

Dim. My lord, fair Helen told me of rheir Healthy 
Of this their purpofe liither to this wood \ 
And I in fury hvAvtr folJow'd them ; 
Fair Helena in fancy following me. 
But, my good lord, 1 wot not by what power. 
But by fomc power it is, my love to Hermia 
Is melted as the fnow; fcems to me now 
As the remembiance q\ an idle * gaudc. 
Which in my childhood I did doat upon: 
And all the faith, the virtue of niy hearty 
The objeft and the pleallire of mine eye. 
Is only Hekna, To her, my lord, 
Was I betrothed ere I Heimia faw ; 
But like a ficknefs did I loath thii food ; 
But, as in heakh, come to my natural taAe, 
Now do I wifli itj love if, long for it i 
And will for ever more be true to it. 

'Tkif, Fair loversj you are fortunately met: 
Of this difcourfe wc fhail hear more anon, 
EgeuSy I will over-bear your wilt 5 
For in the temple, by and by wirii us, 
Thcfc couples fhall eternally be knit; 
And for the morning now is fomething worn. 
Our purpos*d hunting ftall be fet afide. 
Away, with us to Athens \ three and three. 
We'll hold u fcaft in great Iblcmnicy, 
Come, HtppoUla. [Exeunt Duie, Hippol. andTrain, 

i)flw,Thefe things feem fmall and undiftinguifhablc, 
like far-off mountains turned into clouds. 

Her, Mechinks, I fee thcfc things with parted Eye ( 
When every thing fcems double, 

Hel. So, methinksi 

6 Gaude ar bawbk« 

Mr. Ptpe, 

T And 

154 ^ Midfumm^-Nighis Dream. 

' And I have foimd Demetrius !tkc a GetncU^ 
Mine Qtt-n, and not mine own. 

Dm*, It icems to mc, 
Thac yet wc flccp, we dream. Do not you think. 
The Duke was here, and bid us follow him i 

Her. Yea, and my father. 

Hei. And Hifpoiita^ 

Lyf And lie did bid us follow to the temple. 

Dem. Why then, we are awake \ let*s follow 
And, by the way, let us recount our dreams. [£s 

Js ib^ gQ mii^ Bottom wakes. 

Est, When my cue comes, call me, and I will 
fwcr. My next is, Mott fair Pyramt4J — hey, ho,- 
FeUr ^fki^ Muti the bellows-mender! Sneui 
tinker! Starveling! god's my Ufe! ftolI*n hence, 
loft me alleep ? I have had a moft rare vifion. I 
t dream^ paft tlie wt of man to fay what dreain it 

7 And t ha*oe fiund Dcwctriut tih ^ ; v w C k,, 

Mht 9'W9j timd not miut ^^n ] Hcrmia h^d obfcncd 
ihiDgs Apfcircd diuhk to her. Hrhns replies, fo merhtff^}\ 

her own. He is hcre» ihen, compiroi Ko fome * 
(lit: pa»j>trty of appcanng to be one thing when u wa* 
Not (he property turcul ^yt-^il: or, \i you will, of n( 
Ulfeone. We Ihoutd rra^ 

And I hcvr foufid DeiTietTms Uh a C f MI Lt, 
hit** »n.vm, am J «9t my ff*M^ff, — — ^ Ki oam G*miiJnt a Ti 
P^mnriwi had fhat night z&.^d cwq fuch diffi!i«nc parts, 
could hardly think them boih plarcti by one and the fame 
friui\ buc that there were twin £>fm/triuj*i like the two 
io the FAfce* — From Gimtllyt c^mn ihe frtncht Vfm*0m 
Jumtau^ and in the femioiiie. Gtmtilt or JuvtfiU i Soin iVU^**! 

iranflnrion of the Oframtt^n af Be^aci il a^Qti tr*ii fiiUt fUt 

Mag/zs futhi majffj, dti ^tulitt kt deux <fui (Jiaitnt J U U thtl* 
M%vsrne juir:zi &rtj. Quiiftcraer Jour. Nov, j, 


A Mid[utnmer-Night\ Dream. 1 5 5 

man b but an afs, if he go about to expound this 

dream. Mcthought I was, there is no man can tell 
what. Mcthought 1 was, and mcthought I had, — 
But man is but a patch'd foof, if he will offer to fay 
what methot^ht I had. The eye of man hath not 
heard, the car of man hath not fccn \ man's hand it 
not able to tafte, his tongue to conceive, nor his heart 
to report what my dream was, I will get Peier ^infi 
to wrire a ballad of this dream ; it Hiall be call*d 
Bottom's Dream^ bccaufe it hath no bottom ; and I will 
fing it in the latter end of a play before the Duke ; 
pcradventure, to make it the more gracious, I iliali 
fing it (a) after Death. [Emt, 


Changes to the Tawn^ 
Enter Quince^ Flute^ Snout, and Starveling. 

tin, rjAVE you fent to j?tf^/«fi's houfc ? is he 

^^m EH come home yet ? 

^" Star, He cannot be licard of. Out of doubfi he B 

Flu, M he come not^ then the pky b marr'd. It 
g0C5 not forward, doth u ? 

%i». It is not poffiblc ; you have not a man, in all 
Athens^ able to difcharge Pyramus^ but he. 
^H Fh. No, he hath funply die bcft wit of any handy- 
^^&fr man in Athens* 

^^ ^tin. Yea^ and »thc bcfl perfon tooj and he is a 
very paramour for a fweet voice. 

Flu. You muft fay, paragon ; a paramour is (God 
bleis U5 ! ) a thing of naught. 

Enter Snug. 
Snug, Matters, the Duke is coming from the tem- 
pje* and there is two or three lords and ladies more 

[ (a) — eftft Diath, Mr. TbnhaU, — Vulg. «/ htr DfMif] 

married i 

5$ A Midfummer-Nighis Dream. 

married \ if our fport had gone forward, wc htd 
been made men. 

Flu. O fwect bully Bmcml thus hath he ]oft fix- 
pence a-day during his* fife ; he could not have *(capM 
fix- pence a*day i an the Duke had not given him fix- 
pence a-day for playing Pyr^zmtfJ, Til be hanged: 
would have deferv'd it, Six-pcncc a-day, in Pjrri 
or nothing. 

Enter Bottom, 

Bot. Where are thefc lads? where are thefc h< 

^in. Boncm! O moft courageous day ! O. 

happy hour ! 

Bet, Maften, I am to difcourfc wonders, 
me not what \ for if I tell you, I am no true Ati 
I will tell you every thing as it fell out. 

S^in. Let us hear, fweet Bottom. 

Bot. Not a word of me ; all I will tell you is, tl 
the Duke hath dined. Get your apparel together, 
ftrings CO your beards, new ribbons to your puj 
meet prefcntly at the palace, every man look o'er 
part i for the fhort and the long b, our fJay is pr 
ferr*d : in any cafe^ let Tbhhy have clean linnen \ 
iec not him, that plays the lion, pare his nails^ for th< 
fliall hang out for the lion's claws j and, moft d< 
aftors \ eat no onions, nor garlick, for we are to iiti 
fwect breath ; and I da not doubt to hear them fay, 
is a moft fweet comedy. No more words ; awaj 
go away. [- 

A C 


A Midfummer-NigM t Dream. 


The T A LAC E. 

Inter Thdcus, Hippolita, Egeus> iLnd his Lords. 


*np I S ftrange, my 7hefms^ what thefe lovers fpcak of. 
A 7b€f. More ftrange than true. 


_ I never 

hefc antick fables, nor thefe fairy toys; 

Lovers and madmen have fuch fcething brains. 

Such ftiaping fancafies, that apprehend 
ore than cool realbn ever comprehends. 
The lunarick, the lover, and the poet. 
Are of imagination all compaft : 
One fees more devils than vaft hell can hold ; 
The madman. While the lover^ all as francick, 
Sees Helen's beauty in a brow oi Egypt. 
The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rowling. 
Doth glance from heav'n to earth, from earth to 

heav'n \ 
And, as imagination bodiei forth 
The forms ot things unknown, the poet*s pen 
Turns them to (liape, and gives fo aiery nothing 

** A local habitation and a name, 

** Such cricks hath ftrong imagination, 

■* * That if it would but apprehend fomcjoy, 

** It comprehends fome bringer of that joy ; 

Or in the night imagining fome fisar, 

How cafy is a bufh fuppos*d a bear ? 

Hip. But all the ftory of the night told over, 

t TW i/H% lutttU hul a^rrhtad ] The Qii*rio of tSoo 

raibt Tiai tf i t i. e. the imaginaiion ; and ibis is right. 


A Midfummer-Night's Dream. 

And all chdr minds transBgur^d lb togedicr. 
More witncflcdi than fattcy's images. 
And grows to Ibmethiog of great conftancy ; 
But, hovrfocver^ ftrangc and admirable. 

Enier Lyfendcr, Demetrius, Hcrmia and Helena. 

fjf/; Here come the Icyvers, fbU of joy and 
Joy, gende friends j joy and freih days of love 
Accompany your hearts, 

Lyf More than to us^ 
Wait on your royal walks, your board, your bed. 

Tbcf. Come now, what masks, whax dances 
we have^ 
To wear away this long age of three hours. 
Between our after-fupper and bed-time ? 
Where is our uftial manager of mirth ? 
What f^vek arc in hand ? is there no play, 
To eafe the anguiJh of a torturing hour i 
Call Pbilojirate. 

Enter PhUoflrace, 

PbiJeft. Here, natghty Tieffus. fi 

The/, Say, what abridgment have you for this 
What mafque ? what mufick ? how Jhall we bcgirifc] 
The lazy time» if not with fome ddight ? 

Phileft* There is a brief, how many Iporrs arc 
Make dioice of which your Highncfs will (re firft 

{Grc'mg a Pi 

nef, [reads,] 7be bauU with (be QntaurSy f^ hcji 
By an Athenian euntuh to the bar-p. 
We'll none of that. That I luve told my love, ,^ 
In glory of my kinfn^an Hercules. 
^bi riot of the tipfie Bacchanals, 
TearJjJg the Thraciany?;;^rr in their ra^e. 
That is an old device ; and it was plaid. 
When 1 from Thebes came laft a conqueror. 

^ Midfummer-Nighis Dria*n. 159 

* fbf tbrki tbrei Mufis mourmngfor tbi dtatk 
Ofkarmngj kt$ deaas^d in bqgary. 
That is ibme iktyr, keen and cridcal i 
Not forcing with a nupdal cerenoony. 
/I tedious brief fcene ojyomig Pyramus, 
And bis love Thisbe ; very tragical mirib, 
' Meny and trag^? tedioi» and brief? 
That 13 hot Ice, a wondrous ftrange Shew« 
How ihall we find the concord of this dilcord ? 

Pbiloft. A play there i% niy loid, ibme ten wofds 
long i 
Which is as brief, aa I have known a play ; 
But by ten words, my lord, it is too long ( 
Which makes it tedious : for in all the play 
There b not one word apt. one player fitted* 
And tragical, my noUe lord, it is : 
For Pyranms therdn doth HUl himfelf. 
Which, when I law rehearsed, I muft confefi. 
Made mine eyes water ; but more merry te^rs 
The paflion of loud laughter never flied. 

^ej. What are they, that do play it ? 

Pbiloft. Hard-handed men, that work in Atbem here* 
Which never laboured in their minds 'till now $ 

2 tht thrice thret Mufist Ac ] This feemt to be intended as 

a compliment to Spencer^ who wrote a poejn ca!lcd Tht tears cf 

the Mufes. He fpcrai to have paid bis friend ftnothar, in the 

fe<9md A&t where be makes the queen of fairies iay to the king, 

— ^— But I kaatv 

When thou, haft fioWn anxay from hXry land, 

Ami^ in thefiape 0/*Corin, /ate ail d^ 

Playing on pipes of corst, and ver/ing liv9 

% anCrous Phillida, ■ incimatiog tba» the paftorati 

of that {x>et were fo fweet, that it was a fuperior being under 
the difguife of a mortal who compofed them. 

3 Merry and tragical ? tedious and hrieff 
7hat is hot Ice, and voondrous ftrange SHOW.] 7*he BOn* 
fnfe of the laft litie ftioald be correded thus. 

That is, hot Jce, m ^mndmts ftrange sxiw f 


A MidJummer^Night' s Dreafn. 

And now have toii'd their unbrcath'd memoi 
With this fame play agauift your nuptlalt. 

^hef. And wc will htar it. 

Pbilofi. No, my noble lord, 
Ic is not for you, I have heard it over. 
And it is nochingj nothing in the world > 
Unlefs you can find Jport in their intents. 
Extremely ftrctch'd and conn*d with cruel pain» 
To do you lervice. 

Thef. I will hear that pky : 
*^ For never any thing can be amils, 
** When fimplenefs and duty tender it. 
Go, bring them in, and take your places^ ladies. 

[Exit PhiL 

Hip, I love not to fee wretchednefs o'ercharg'd, ^| 
And duty in his fervice perithing. 

7bef. Why, gentle fweet, you Ihallfcenofuch tli 

Hip, He fays, they can do nothing in this kind. 

^hsf. The kinder we, to give them thanks 
Our fport fliall be, to take what they miflake j 
And what poor (wiliing) duty cannqt do» 
Noble relpedt takes it in might, not merir. 
** Where 1 have come, great clerks have purpoled 
*' To greet me with premeditated welcomes; 
** Where I have fecn them Ihiver and look pakr, 
*' Make periods in the midft of fentcnces, 
•* Throttle their practisM accent in their fears, 
** And, in condufion, dumbly have broke off, 
** Not paying me a welcome. Trufl mc, fwect, 
** Out of this filence yet I pick'd a welcome: 
** And in the modefty of fearful duty 
'^ I read as much, as from the rattling tongue 
*' Of fawcy and audacious eloquence. 
Love therefore, and tongue-ty*d fimplicuy» 
In lead fpeak moft, to my capacity. 

•i/f Midjurnmer-Nigbi's DreOfn. 1 

Enter PhiloJlrate. 

PhiL So pleafe your Grace, the prologue is addreft. 
Wkif^ Let l«m approach. i^^^* 3ni^. 


Enter Qaincej fm- tbe pralagtfe. 

Pro. If we offend, it is with our good will. 

That you (hoiild think, we come not to offend. 
But with good wilt. To fliew our fimple slcill. 

That is the true beginning of our end, 
Confidcr then, wc cCmc but in dcfpighc. 

We do not cooic, as minding to content you. 
Our true intent is, — ail for your ddigl^t, [you, 

\Vc an? not here, — that you fiiculd here repent 

The aftors are at hand ; and by their fhow, 

YoU Ihall know all, that you arc likc^ to know, 

I'bef, This iVlIow doth not ft m J upon j>oint5, 

Lyf, He hath rid his prologue, like a rouL;h colt i 
he knows not the flop* A good mora!, my lord. It 
U not enough to fpcak^ but Co I'peAk true. 

Hi^. Indeed he hath playM on his prologue, like 
a child on the recorder i a found, but not in go- 

Tbef. His fpecch was like a tangled chaJn j nothing 
impaired, but all difordcr'd. Wh6 is the next ? 

Etrttr Pyramus, a>td Thisbe, Walh MoonHiine, and^ 
Lion, as indumhjbtw. 

Fro, Gentles, perchance^ you wonierat this fhow, 
But wonder on, till truth make all things pbi.i. 

This man is Pyramus^ it you would know j 
17ijs beauteous lady Tbssbe is, ccrt^iin, 

Tliis m^, with !ime and rou.crh-caft. doth prefenc 

Vol. I. :M Wall, 

i62 A Muifumtmr-Nights Dream. 

Will, the file wall, which did thcfc lovem funder: 
And through walPs chink, poor foub, ihey arc contcz; 

To whilpcr, at the which let no man wonder, 
I'his nianj with lanthorn, dog, and btifli of chom, 

Prtfcnteth monn-fhine : Kor, iFyou will know. 
By moon-Oiine did thefc lovers think no fcom 

To meet at Nimis' tomb, there, there to woo. 
This grifly bcaft, which by name Uctj hight. 
The ttulty Tbish, coming firll by nighr. 
Did fcare away, or rather did afFrighr : 
And as (Ik fied^ her mantle (he let fall 5 

Which ZJo/i vile with bloody mouth did (lain. 
Anon comes Pyramus, fweet youth and i^ll. 

And finds his crully Thish*^ mantle (lain ; 
Whereat^ with blade, with blootly blameful blade 

He bravely bronch'd his boiling bloody breaft. 
And Thisbe^ tarrying in the mtiiberry fhadc. 

His dagger drew, and died. For all the retl, 
Tct Lion^ Mocn-Jhim^ fPfjll, and lovers twain. 
At large difcourie, wfiile here they do remain, 

[Exeufit aS htt Wal 

Thrf, I wonder, if the Lhn be to fpeak. 

Dcm. No wonder, my lord j one Lion may, 
m.iny affcs do. 

W'tiU, In this fame Interlude^ it doth befall. 
That I, owt Sncut by namr, jTrcfent a wall : 
And fuch a wall| as I would have you think. 
That had in it a crannied hole or chink ; 
Tliioiigh svljich the lovers, Pyr'mus and Tbisie^ 
Did whHper otten very fecraly. 
This loam, this rovigh-c:ifl, and this ftonc dodi flicw, 
That I am that i;ime wall ; the truth i*; fo. 
And this the cranny is, right and finiftcr, 
Through which tlie fearful lovtrs arc to whtfper. 

T^ef. Would you defire lime and hair to fpeak better? 

Dm. Ir IK the whtieft parcrdon, that ever I htxid 
difcourfc, my lord. 

A f/ttdfummer-'Nighfs Dream. 163 

nef. Pyramus draws near the wall : filence ! 

Enter Pyramus. 

Pyr. O grim-Iook*d night ! O night with hue fo 

ntg^t which ever art, when day b not ! 
O night, O night, alack, alack, alack, 

1 fear my Tbiste'a promife is forgot. 
And thou, O wall, O fwect and lovely wall. 

That ftands between her fathers ground 3X)d mine ; 
Thou wall, O wall, O fweet and lovely wall, [eync. 

Shew me thy chink, to blink through mtb mine 
Thanks, courteous wall ; Jove Ihield thee well for 

But what fee I ? no I'hijbe do I ice. 
O wicked wall, through whom I fee no blifs } 

Curft be thy ftoncs for thus decdving me ! 

The/. The wall, meihinks, being fenfible, fhould 
curfe ag^. 

Pyr. No, in truth. Sir, he (hould not. Decehit^ 
me^ is Tbisi^s cue ; fhe is to enter, and I am to Cpy 
her through the wall. You (hall fee, it will fall pat 
as I told you. Yonder (he comes. 

Enter Thisbe. 

77nf O wall, full often haft thou heard my moans. 

For pardng my fair. Pyramus and me. 
My cherry lips have often kifs'd thy ftones: 

Thy ftones with lime and hair knit up in thee. 

Pyr. I fee a voice ; now will I to the chink ; 

To fpy, an I can hear my Ashe's face. 
Tbhie ! 

Thif, My love! thou art, my love, I think. 

Pyr. Think what thou wilt, I am thy lover's grace* 
And like Umander am I trufty ftill. 

Tbif. And I like Helena till the fates tat kill. 

P^. Not Sbafalus to Procrus was fo true. 

^/, As Sbafalus to Proems^ I to you. 

M % Pyr. 

1 64 A Miilfummer-Nigbis Diream. 

Pyr. O kii's me througji the bole of tlus vile wL 

7bif. I kiis the wall's hole, not your lips at afl. 

Pyr, Wilt chou at Nwny's tomb meet me ftnuglt* 

^hif. Tide life, tide death, I come mthour ddaj. 

^W/. Thus have I Wall my part diichargodft : 
And, being done, thus ff^aB away doth {^. {EA 

1'bef. ^ Now is the Mural down between die tm 

Dem, No remedy, my lord, when walls are 6 wil- 
ful to rear without warning. 

Hip. This is the fiUieft ftuflFthat e'er I hcanL 

ibef. The bcft in this kind are but fliadows $ »! 
the worft arenoworfe, if imagination amend chcm. 

Hip, It mult be your imaginanon then, and xxx 

Tbef, If weima^ne no worle (rf'them than they of 
themfelves, they may pafs for excellent men. Hat 
come two noble beads in a man and a lion. 

Enter Lion and Moonfliine. 

JJcn. You, ladies, you, whole gentle hearts do ke 

The fmalleft monftrous moufe that creqps on floor, 
May now, perchance, both quake and tremble hcrci 

When Lion rough in wildcft rage doth roar. 
Then know that I, one Snug die joiner, am 
No Lion frU, nor dfe no Lion's dam : 
For if I ihould as Lion come in ftrife 
Into tWs place, 'twere pity of my life. 

Tbef. A very gentle beaft, and of a good confiknce. 

Dem, The very beft at a beaft, my lord, that c'cf 

4 Thef. AVw h tbi mmral ia^Kn hti-ween th§ i*u» miifhitKrs. 

Dtm. Ne remedy^ my hrd, nvben tjL'alls art fo wilfmJi* BlAt 

nx'ithoHt 'vjarKtng.'] SbaktJptMr coald never write tmt aonfeifei 

we OiouJd rc»d io rear wit&wi wurnitig. i, # . ft i> '^ 

u-crdcT that walls Ihould be fuddonly down, wMn |hcy wt'^ ** 
{udiierlv up j — rtmr'd withfut 'wAtning. 

\/f Midftimtner'Night s Dream* »6j 

Lyf^ This Lion is a very fox for fils valour. 

Thef True \ and a goofe for his diicrction. 

Dem, Nbt fo, my lord j for his valour cannot carry 
his difcretion, and the fox carries r!ie gpofe. 

^bif. His difcretion, I am furc, cannot carry his 
valour ; for the goofe carries not the fox. It is well 5 
kave it co his diicretion, and la us hearken co the 

Aftwfl. This lanthomdoth the homed moon prefent. 

Dam. He fhould hsive worn the horns on his hea<i 

Thef He is no crtfcent^ and his liorna are invifiblc 
within the drcuniference, 

Mem, This lanthorn doth the homed moon prcfent: 
My felf the man i'th* moon doth feem to be. 

Tbef. This is the grcateft error of ail the reft ; the 
man fliould be put into the lanthorn • how is it dfc 
the man i*th' moon ? 

Dtm. He dares not come there for the candle ; for 
you fee, it is already in IhufF. 

Hip, I am weary of thi$ moon; Vould, he would 
change \ 

7hef, It appears by his fmdl light of difcretion, that 
he is in the wane \ but yet in courteil^, in all reafon, 
we muft ftay the time* 

Lyf. Proceed, Moon, 

Mom. All that 1 have to fay, is to tell you chat 
the lanthorn i* the moon j I, the man in the moon ; 
this thom-bufh, mythom-bufhi and this dog^ my 

Dtm. Why, all ihefc fliould be in the lanthorn ; 
for they are in the moon. But, lilence ; here cornea 

Enter Thisbe* 
71//! This is old Nmnyh comb j where is my love f 
Lion. Oh.-—- [TJ^Lion rMrSy Thisbc rutt^ ^g^ 
Dm, Well roar*d, Lion. 

. M3 Tbif^ 


1 6 6 ^ Midfutmmr-Nigbt % Dream. 

fbef Well run, 7'hisbc. 
Hfp, Well ilione, M(?on. 
Truly, the Moon fhines with a good grace. 
Thef. Well mouz'd, Utm, 
T^em. And then came Pynmus, 
Lyf, And fo the Lion vanifli'd* 

Enter Pyramus, 

Pyr. Sweet Moon, I chank thcc for thy funny 

1 thank thee. Moon, for fhining now fo brighc i 
For by thy gracious, golden, glittering ftremis, 

I trull to tafte of trueft Thtsie^& fight* 
But ftay : O fpight [ 
Buc mark, poor Knight, 

What dreadful dole is here? 
Eyes, do you fee I 
How can it be ! 

O dainty duck ? O deer! 
Thy mantle good, 
What, ftain'd with blood ? 

* Approach, you ftiries fell : 
O fates ! come, come : 
Cut thread and thrutn ; 

Quail, crufli, conclude, and quell. 

^hef. This paffion, and the death of a dear 
Would go near to make a man look fad. 

////*. Beftirew my heart, but I pity the man. 

Pyr. O wherefore, nacure, didft thou Lions 

Since Lion vile hath here deflour'd my dear : 
Which is- ■ no, no — wiiich was the faireft clanif, 

♦ Thatliv'd, that lov*d, that lik'd, that Jook'd with 
« cheer. 

Conic tears, confound : out fword, and wound 

The pap of Pyramus^ 
Ay, that left pap, where heart cioth hop: 

Tlius die I, tnus* thus, thus. 
Now am I dead, now am I acd, my foul is ir 

A Midfummer'Nigy s Dream. 1 67 

Tongue, lofe thy light : moon» take thy flight ; 
Now die, die, die, die, die. \pies, 

Dem, No die, but an ace, for him \ for he is but one^ 

Lyf. Lefs tliaii an ace, man j for he is dead ; he i& 
notWng. ' 

Tbef, With the help of a Surgeon he might yet reco- 
ver, and prove an afs. 

Hip. How chance the Motmfinne b gone, before Tbish . 
comes back and finds her lover ? 

Enter Thisbc. 

Thiff. She will find him by ftar-Iight. 
Here fhe comes j and her paffion ends the Play, 

Hip. Methinks, fhe Ihould not ufe a lon^ one for 
fuch a fyramus : I hopei' Ihc will be brief. 

Dem, A moth will nim the ballance, which Pyra-- • 
nms^ which ThisiCy is the better. [eyes. 

' Lyf. She bath &r*d him already with thole fweet 
'J)em. And thus me (a) moans, viirifff/^—i-a* 

Tbef, Aflecp, nty hrc ? 
What dead, xnydove? 
O Pyramusy arue: 
&>eak, ipeak. Quite dumb ? 
Doid, dead? a tomb 
Muft cover thy Iwect eyes. 
Thefe lilly brows, 

?his cheny nofe, 
hefe .yellow cowflip cheeks, 
Are gorie, are gone : 
Lovers, make moan ! 
His eyes were green as leeks, 
O lifters three. 
Come, come to me. 
With hands as pale as milk \ 
hax^ tliem in gore. 

[{4, -Mm/— Ut.fhi^U.^ Volg. •««.] 

M4 Sincse 

1 68 A Midfufnmer-Nigbis Dreanu 

Since you have fliore 

AN ich Ihears his thread of filk. 

Tongue, not a word : 

Come, trufty fword 5 

Come, blade, my breaft imbrue : 

Ami farewcl, fricixls. 

Thus ^bisbe ends ; 

Adieu, adieu, adieu, [Act. 

nef, Mconfiine and Uon are left to bury die H#»#l , 

Dem, Ay, and Wall too. 

Bot. No, I afiure you, the wall is down that ported 
their Others. \Yill it pleafe you to iee the cpiJoguo^ 
or to hear a bergomask dance, between two of our 
company ? 

thef. No epbgue, I pray you ; for your p^ 
needs no excufe. Never excuie ; for when the players 
are all dead, there need none to be blam'd. Many, 
if he, that writ it, had play'd Pjp-amuSy and hui^ 
himfelf in fbisbe\ garter it would have been a line t«- 
gcdy : and fo it is, truly, and very notably diichaxg*d. 
But come, your bei^omask ; let your E{ttlGgpe 

[Here a dance efckwns* 
The iron tongue of midnight hath told twelve. 
Lovers, to bed ; *tis almoft Fairy dme. 
I fear, we ihall out-fleep the coming mom. 
As much as we this night have over-watch'd. 
This palpable grofs Play hath well beguil*d 
The heavy gate of night. Sweet fiiends, to bed. 
A fortnight hold we this folemnity, 
Jn nightly revel and new jollity, \ExmUw 

S C E If K 

A MidfutHmer-NigM s Dream, 



Enicr Puck, 

Puck. * ** Now the hungry Ibn roars, 
" And the wolf behowls the moon : 
Whilll the heavy plowman Ihoars^ 
« All with weary cask fore-done, 

<c p^ow the wafted brands do glow, 

'* Whilft the fcritch-owl» fcritching loud, 

'* Puts the wretch, that hcs in woe, 
" In remembrance of a ihroud. 

«< Now it is the time of night, 

** That the graves, all gaping wide. 
Every one lets forth his fpright, 

In the church-way paths to glide ; 
And we Fairies, that do run 

By the triple He^at^'s teanij 
From the prefence of the fun, 
** Following darknefs like 3 dream, 

Now are frolick ; not a moufe 

Shall difturb this hallowed houie: 

I am ient with broom before. 

To fwccp the dull behind the door- 






5 N91V tht kugpy //*T rtAfJ, 

And tht iwfi/ B £ K o L D s t^e tneoTt : 

•^11 with -wfarj f^ti/lrt-ffo/ff.] Il being the dcfigtl ef 
ihefe wordj to cham^crae the Tcvcr^l animatt, ^ chcy prcicnc 
themselves m the hour of midnight ; and the wolf not beingjuflly 
Chara^rizcd by faying he MoJJj the moon^ which all other 
bealls of prey then awake do likewife, I make no cjiic^on but 
the pott Wrut« 

Jnd fht 'iL'^ff & E H o w L s tht wflflff. 
which is his cbarafleriftrc prqprrcy. And further to fupport iKii 
emcndnuan we may obferYe> thai xhtftundt thcfe anlmalfl cmiCi 
«t iiii» feAlba, arc pkinl/ intended » be rcprefcntcd. 


170 -^ Midfummer-Nigbis Dream. 

Enter King and ^een c/ Fairies, with tbrir tram. 

Ob. Through this houie give gfimmering lights 

By the dead and drowfie fire. 
Every elf, and fairy fprite. 

Hop as light as tnrd from brier ; 
And this ditty after me 
Sing, and dance it trippingly. 

Stgeen. Firft rehearie this fong by roat. 
To each word a warbling note. 
Hand in hand, with fiiry grace. 
Will we fing and bkls this place. 

The S O N G. 

Now until the break of da^y 

through this boufe each Fary ftrfff^ 

To the beft bride-bed will wr, 

JVbicb by usJbaU bleffed be : 

And the ijfuty there create^ 

Ever JhaU be fortunate i 

Sojhall all the couples three 

Ever true in loving be: 

And the blots ef nature* s band 

Shall not in their ijfueftand ; 

Never mokj bair-lip, nor fear ^ 

Nor mark prodigious^ fucb as are 

Dejpifed in nativity ^ 

Shall upon their children be. 

With this field-dew confecratCy 

Every Fzny take his gatCy 

And each feveral chamber blefsy 

Through this palace^ with Jweet peace. 

Ever JhaU it fafefy refty 

And the owner of it bleft, 

Trip awcr^y make no flay ; 

Meet me all by break of day. 


A Midfummer-NigMs Dream. 

Puck. If we (hadows have ofFendedj 
Think but this^ and aU is mended j 
That you have but flumbrcd hert^ 
While thefe viiions did appear. 
And this weak and idle theam 
No more yielding but a dream. 
Gentles, do not reprehend •, 
If you pardon, we will mend. 
And 33 I am honeft Puck^ 
If we have unearned luck 
Now to *fcape the ferpcnt^s tongue. 
We will make amends ere long : 
Elfe the Puck a liar call : 
So, good night unto you alL 
Give me your hands, if we be ftiends $ 
And Robin Iball reflorc amends, [Exeunt 0nnes^ 







V E R O MA. 



Dramatis Perfona* 

D U K E 0/ MUan, Father to SUvia. 

Sithcu? } ^^ '"^^ Gentlemen. 
Anthonio, Father to Frotheus. 
Thurio, afooltfo Rival to Valentine. 
Eglamorc, Agent for SAtvsl inberEfcafe. 
Hoft, where Julia lodges in Milan. 
I Out-hws« ... 
Speed, a clowmjh Servant to Valcntbc. 
Launce, the like to Protheus. 
Panthion, Servant to Anthonio, 

Julia, m Lady of Verona, beloved of Fro^eos. 
Silvia, the Duke ^ Milan V Daughter^ beloved of Va- 
Lucetta, fVaiting-woman /^ Julia. , 

Servants^ Mificians, 

VS^ S C E N E, fimetimes inY txor\z% fometimes in 
Milan ; and on the Frontiers of Mantua. 




O F 

V E R O N A 


An open Place in Verona, 

Enter Valentine and Prothcus. 

EASE to peduaJe, my loving Protbeus \ 
Honic-kccping youth have ever homely 

wits ; 

Wer't not, affcftion chains thy render days 
To the i'wcet glances of thy honour'd love, 
I rather would intrcat thy company, 
To ice the wonders of the world abroad j 
Than (living duUy niiggardiz'd at home) 
Wear out chy youth with ' Ihapelels idiencis, 

I It isobfervabic (I Vwow not for whatcaufej that ihc fiile 
rf (his comedy is Ici& ^gurative^ and mort natural And unifFedcd 
than rhe greater pate ol ibts Atj:hor*^. tho' fuppofcd to be one 
of eh< firU be wrote. Mr. P*pt, 

z paptie/$ iMtnifi.^ The cxpreffion is fine, ai im- 

ph ing that idUnt/t prevcaii the giving any form or charaflcr to 


176 7%e Two Gentlemen £/* Verona. 

But fince thou loT*ft, love fliU, and thrive riicRai % 

£v'n as I would, when i to love beg^. 

Pro. Wilt thc»i be gone? fweet Vakntim^ adieu 5 
Think on thy Protbeus^ when thou, haply, firft 
Some rare note-worthy objeft in thy travd : 
"Wifh me partaker in thy happinefi. 
When thou doft meet good hap ; and in thy dang^, 
If ever danger do environ thee. 
Commend thy Grievance to my holy prayer ; 
For I will be thy bead*s-man, Falentine. 

Vul, And on a love-book pray for my fuccefi. 

Pro. Upon fome book I love, I'll pray for thee. 

VaU That's on fome fhallow (lory of deep love. 
How young Leander crofs'd the Helk^m. 
, Pro. That's a deep ftory of a deeper love i 
For he was more than over (hoes in love. 

VaL *Tis true ; for you are over boots ki love. 
And yet you never fwom the Hellefpcnt. 

Pro, 0\'er the boots? nay, give me not the boots. 

P^ah No, I will not ; for it boots thee not. 

Pro. What? 

VaL To be in love, where fcom is bought irith 
groans ; 
^ Coy looks, with heart-fore fighs ; one fading moaicnt's 
With twenty watchful, weary, tedious nig^tts. 
If haply won, perhaps, an haplefs gain : 
If loft, why then a grievous labour won j 
However, but a folly bought with wit ; 
Or elfc a wit by folly vanquifhcd. 

Pro. So, by your ciraimftance, you call me fool. 

Vd, So, by your circumftance, I fear, yeu'U prove. 

Pro, 'Tis love you cavil at ; I am not love. 

VaL Love is your mafter -, for he mafters you. 
And he that is Jo yoaked by a fool, 
Methinks, fhould not be chronicled for wile. 

Pro, ' Yet writers lay, as in the fwcctcft bud 

• The 

* Inbabics in ^% fya/^ Y^'m of al}. 

Fal. * Afld wnt^F? %, *s t^ moft forward tud 

* Is eaten by the qm^pr^ lere it i^k^ ) 

^ ^yep fp by love ithje y ojui^ ajod fq?d^r ^t 

* Is tum'd to folly, blaiting in t\^ bp^ i 

* Lofing his verdure even in the prime, 
^ A^ all the fair e^e£):s of future iiQpes. 
But wherefore wafte I time to counfel thee. 
That 9ft a vpt^ry to fond dcTire i 

Once more, adicy : f[ff f^hcr $t the ^^oad 
Expe^U my Gop^xig^ t^ierc to jeip jj^ fliipp'd. 

Pr^. And diitjier ^ill I bting ^^ VfllMint. 

Vfil. 5w€ct Pr^b^iffy no : now let us t^e ouf ^ve. 
^ fi/filfM^ let fne hq^r ^^pm chee bf Itxxtvs 
4pf jtiy fucce& in love ; ^d lyhat mews elfe 
Betideth h^ in ^^dcnce of thy friend : 
f^ I )jkcmife wiH yifit thee with mi;^. 

JPtjp. All happ^ie^ bechance ^o ti^ec in Afilant 

y^fl. A? nuuih :t9 you at hoonie ', and fo, iareivcll 

Prp. Hp^fter bo)w>Mr hut^ i sFfier Ipyej 
He )eav^ ^ fik^ds to digr^fy them jpor^ \ 
I leave myilelf) my friends, and all for love. 
T^ou? Jv^ft thou haljt ^ct^n)prphos'd me \ 
jVbde cne oegl^ my ft^iq^ lofe my time^ 
War with good counfi^ &t the world at nought % 
JM^e wit with fnuTvig w^» hear^ fu;k witl^ tljioi^t^ 

' S C E N E JL 

Enter Speed. 
^/^^. Sir Pre^beus^ iave you } law you jny n^adcr ? 
JPrtf . But now he ported hoice, t* imbark for ASila$^ 

3 This whole Scene, like miiif others in tKefe pltys (fone of 

which I believe were written by Shake/hear, nnd ocbcri interpo* 

V o I. I. ' N IiW 

^lyS TTye Tuv? Gentlemen of Verona. 

speed. Twenty to one then he is Ihipp'd alrcadjj 
And I have piay'd the fhcep in lofing him, 

Pr9. Indeed, a flieep doth very o(tcn ftray. 
An If the Ihcpherd be awhiJe away. 

Spffd.'YoM conclode that my maftcr is a fh< 
chcfi, and I a fhecp ? 

Pra. I do* 

Speed. Why then my horns arc hk horns, 
I wake orflecp. 

pro, A Py anfwer, and Btting well a Ihecp. 

Speed, This proves me ftill a fliecp. 

Pre, True; and thy mailer a Ih^rfierd, 

Sperd. Nay, that I can deny by a circumltance^ 

Pre, It Ihall go hard, but I'll prove it by an< 

Speed. The fhepherd feeks the fheep, aixi not 
ihcep the%epherd; but I feek my mafter, and 
roafter feeks not me ; therefore I am no fheep. 

Pro, The fheep for fodder follows the (hepbf 
the fhepherd for the food follows rot the fheep ; 
for wages fblloweft thy mafter, thy mafter for i 
follows not thee ^ therefore thou art a flieep. 

Speed. Such another proof will make mc ay 

Pro. But dolt thou hear ? gaveft thou my 

Speed. Ay, Sir, I, a loft mutton, gave your letter to 
her, a lacM mutton, and Ihe, a lac'd mutton, gavt 
me, a loft mutton, nothing for my labour. i 

•' Pro. Herc*s too finall a pafture for loch ftore of 

Speed. If the ground be over<hargM, you 
bcft Itick her. 

U«?d by the phyeri), » corapofed of iht hwtSk and neft 
/conceit^ to be ^iccourued for only irom the grolV taite of thcj 
,^c lived in ; P^puU ut plaetrtnt I wi(h 1 had authorit/ to 

them QDt ; but I have done alt I could : fee a mark of trprtifaii 
* upoD thcDi liirou^hout xkh edition. Mr. Ptf$» 

7%e 7h)0 Gentiefnen o/VcTouH. 

Pro. Nay, in that you are a ftray, *twcrc bcft pound 

Speed, Nay, Sir, Ms than a pound UiaU icrvc mc 
for carrying your krter. 

Pr&, You midake : I mean the pound, a [^n-fo!cl. 

Speed, From a pound to a pin ? fold it over and 
over, 'tis threefold too little for carrying a letter to 
■your lover. 

Pro, But what fild fhe : did il:e nod ? [Speed rioJs^ 

Speed. L 

Pro. Nqd-I ? why, that^s noddy. 

Speed, Tou miflook, Sir ; 1 faid, flie did nod: 
And you ask me, if fiie did nod -, and 1 laid, I. 
■ • Pro, And that fee together, is noddy. 

Speed. Now you have taken the pains to fet ic toge- 
ther, take it for your pains. 

Fro. Noj no, you ihall hsve k forbearing the letter. 

Speed, Well, 1 percdvc, I muft be tain to bear with 

Pro. Why, Sir, how do you bear with me? ' * 

Speed. Marry, Sir, the letter very orderly j 
Having nothing but the word noddy for my pains. 

Fro. Befhrew me, but you have a quick wit. 

Speed. And yet it cannot overtake your flow puHe. 

Pro, Come^ come, open the maucr in brief: what 

Spied. Open your purfe, that the money and the 
matter may be both at once deliver'd. 

Fro. Well, Sir, here is tor your pains j what faid fhc ? 
• Spged, Tmiy, Sir, I think yoo*U hardly win her. 

Pro. Why ? could'll thou perceive lb much from 
her ? 

Speed. Sir, I could perceive nothing at all from hcr> 
No, not fo much as a ducket for delivering your lertcr. 
And being fo hard to me that brought your mind, 
I fear, fhc'U prove as hard co you in telling her mind. 
Give her no token but flrones ; for fhe's as hard as fted. 

N 2 Prif. 


1 80 The Two Gentlemen of Verona. 

Pi'o. What, did flic nothing? 

Spt£i, No, not fo much as-takc this for thy 
To tcftify your bount)', I thank you, you have tcftem' 

In requital whereof, henceforth cany your letter your- 
fclf: and fo, Sir, TU commend you to my ma" 

Pro. Go, gOj be gone, to fave your Ihip from 
Which cannot peri^, having thee aboanl. 
Being deftin'd to a drier death on fhoie* 
I muft go fend fomc better meffenger : 
I fear, my Julia would not deign my lines. 
Receiving them from fuch a worthlefe port:. 

[Exeunt ft 

E N E 



Changes to Julia*x CbamAft^ 

Enter Julia and Lucetta. 
T>UT fay, LucettUy now we are alone. 

Would'ft thou then counfel me to fall 
Luc* Ay, madam, fb you ftumb!e not unlis 
7*/. Of all the fair rcfort of gentlemen^ 

That ev*ry day with paric encounter me» 

In thy opinion which is worthicft love ? 

Luc. Pleafe you, repeat their names j TU flicw 

According to my fhallow fimple skill. 

JuL What think*ft tliou of the fair Sir Egi 
Luc. As of a Knight well fpoken, neat and fin* 

£ut were I yo\i, he never Jhould be mine. 

Jul What ttrmk'ft thou of the rich Mercatio f 
Luc, Well of his wealths but of himfelf, fo, 
Jul. What think'ft thou of the gentle Prvtbftn 
Luc. Lord, lord ! to foe what folly reigns m 

7%e Two Gentlemen of Verona. i8r 

5^/. How now? what means tJiis pafllon u his 

Luc^ Pardon, dear madam > *a$ 3 paDTing fiiame. 
That I, unworthy body as I am. 
Should ccnfure thus on lovely gentlemen. 

Jul. Why not on Proiheus^ as of all the reft ? 

Lu€. Then thus; ofmanygoodf I think him bcfr. 

Jul. Your reafon ? 

Lm€. I have no odier but a woman's reafon > 
I think him lu, becaufc I diink him fo. 

JuL And would'ft thou have me caft my Jove oa 
him ? 

kLuc, Ay, if you thought your love not caft away. 
Jul. Why, he of ail the reft hath never mov'd me. 
Luc. Yet he of all the reft, I think, beft loves ye, 
Jul His httle fpeaking ftiews his love but imaU. 
Luc, The fire, rhat*s clofeft kept, bums moft of all. 
JuL Tliey do not love, that do not Ihew their love, 
Luc. Oh, they love Icaft, that let men know their 

JuL I would, I knew his mind, 
Luc. Perufe this paper, madam. 
JuL To Julia \ lay, from whom ? 
Lm. That the contents will fiiew, 
Juf. Say, fay ; who gave it thee ? 
Luc, Sir Falmrinch page; and fcoc, I think, from 
He would have giv*n it you, but I, bang in the way. 
Did in your name receive it ; pardon the Fault, I pray. 

JuL Nowj by my modcfly, a goodly broker! 
Dare you prefume to harbour wanton lines? 
To whifpcr and conlpire againft my youth ? 
Now, truft me, 'us an office of great worth ; 
And you an officer fit for the place. 
There, take the paper •, fee, it be retum*di 
Or clfc return no more into my fight. 

Luc. To plead for love de&xves more fee than hate. 
N 5 7«^ 


iSz The Two Gentlemen ofVaonau 

JuL wmycbegonc? 

Luc. That you may ruminate. [Exit 

JuL And yet I would, I had o'cr-4ook'd the kcnr. 
It were a fhame to call her bock again. 
And pray her to a fault, for which I chid her. 
What fool is flie, that knows I am a maid. 
And would not force the letter to my view? 
Since maids, in modefty, fay No, to that 
Which they would have the proff^rer conftrue, jfy. 
Fie, fie ; how wayward is this foohlh love. 
That, iOce a tefty babe, ^ill fcratch the nurfe» 
And prelendy, all humbled, ki(s the rod ? 
How diurlifhly I chid Lucetta hence. 
When willingly I would have had her here! 
How angerly I taught my brow to frown. 
When inward joy enforced my heart to Imilel 
My penance is to call Lucetta back. 
And ask remiffion for my foUy paft. 
^filhzt)^o\ Lucetta! 

Ri-cnter Lucetta. 

Luc. What would your ladyfMp? 

JuL Is't near dinner-time? 

Luc. I would it were ; 
That ycu might kill your ftomadi on your meaty 
And not upon your maid. 

JuL What is't that you 
T<yok up fo gingerly? ' 
«• Luc. Nothing. 

JuL Why didft thou ftoop then ? 

Luc. To t^e a paper up, that I let fall 

JuL And is that paper nothing ? 

Iaic. ' Nothing concerning me. 

JuL Then let it lye for thofe that it concerns. 

Luc, Madam, it will not lye, where ic concerns} 
Unltfs it have a falfc interpreter, 
* JuL Some love of yours hath wit to you in rimne. 


The Two Q^tkmen of Verona. - 185 

: Luc. That I mig^ fuig it, madam, to a tune : 
Give me a note ; your ladyfhip can fet. 

Jul. As little ty fi2ch toys as may be poflible : 
Beli ling it to the tune of Light 0' hve. 

Luc. It is too heavy fox fo light a tune. 

JuL Heavy ? belike, it hath fomc burthen then. 

Luc. Ay ; and melodious were it, would you fing it 

Jul, And why not you ? 

Luc, f cannot reach fo high. 

JuL Let's fire your fong : 
How now, minion? 

Imc, Keep tune there ftiU, io you inll fing it out: 
Vind yet, methinks, I do not like this tunc. 

Jul. You do not ? 

Luc No, madam, 'tis too (harp. 

JuL You, minion, are too fawcy. 
, Luc, Nay, now you are too flat. 
And mar the concord with too harfli a deicant : 
There wanteth but a mean, to fill youi: fbng. 

JuL The mean is drown'd with your unruly bafc. 

Luc, * Indeed, I bid the hde for Protbeus, 

Jul, This babble, fhall not henceforth trouble me. . 
Here is a coif with proteftadonl \X^ars iL 

Go, get you, gone ; and let the papers lye : 
You would be fingering them, to anger me. 

Lj4€. She makes it ibange, but Ihe would be beft 
• pleas'd - 

To be ib anger'd unth another letter. [Exit. 

,' ^ Mttd I bid the bafe/tfr ProtheuB ] The fpeaker here turns 
the allufion (which her millrcfs employed) from the bMft in mufitk 
f.o a country exercife Bidtht Safe: In which fone piirfuef and 
Dchers are made prifoneri. So that Lucetia would intend, by this, 
to fay, indeed I take puni to make yoa a Captive to Pr9thtui*i 

Bailion. He ufcs the fame allufioo in hit yemus mnd AJmu^ 

To bid tht luiuds a baie ht now freparts, 
and in his Cymhalim he mentions the game, 

■ Lmds mtrt /iki 
: To run the coantry Bafe. 

• N 4 74 


The 7u^ Gentkmen «f V 

Jul, Nity, WcJoH I Isrert fo ax^cr*d wich the fimc t 
Oh hateful hands, to tear fudv losing Wofdi ! 
Injurious warpi, to fired on foch f#cfct Honcjr, 
And kill the bees, that yield it, "with your ftings ! 
Pll ki& each ftvcral paper for amends : 
Look, here is writ kina Julia ;— Uaklnd JkUd ! 
As in revenge of thy ingratltlide, 
I throw thy name againft the bruifmg ftones j 
Trampling contempcuouAy on thy difdain. 
Look, here is writ, Lsve-w^mtded Pfotheus* 
Poor wounded name' my bolbm, as X bed. 
Shall lodge thee, *nll thy wound be throughly h^Te 
And thus 1 fc4rch it with a fovYci^ kils. 
But twice, or thrice^ was Protbcus written down j 
Be calm, good wind, blow not •3k word aWay, 
•Till I have found each letter in the letter. 
Except mine own name : That fome whirl-wind 
Unco a ragged, fearful^ hanging rock. 
And throw it thence into th.t raging ica ! 
to, iiere in one Line is his name twice wtftj 
Poorforktn Protheus, PqffloHate ProtheuS, 
<r<? -fbefweei JuUa : that I'll tear away j 
And yet I will not, fith fo prettily 
He couples it to his complanlng names : 
Thus will I fold them one upon another; 
|^0N¥ kifs, embrace, contend, do what you t^*ilf*. 

Efster Lucettk. 

itftf. Madam, dinner is ready, and your father 
yui. Well, let us go. 

Luc, What, fhall thefe papers lye like tell-tales hu- 
jtuL If thou rcfpcft them, beft: to take diem up^, 
JLitf, Nay, I was taken up for laying chem downj 

Yet here they JhaU not lye, for catching cold. 

jfuL I fee, you have a month's mind to them. , 
Luc. Ay, madam, you may fay what fights you fcc- 

Ilfie things too, although you judge I wink. 

^juL ComCj come, wiD't pleafc you go? [Exfmtf. 


The Two Gentkmen of Verona* 185 



Anthonio'i Houfe. 
inter Anthonb and Panthibn, 

jint. '^ELL inc, Panibion^ what fed talk was 

1 that, 

Whcrcvrith my brother hdd you m the doifter? 

Pant, * T was of his nephew Pr^/£«/j yourlbo. 

jfnt. Why, what of him ? 

Pant, He wondcr'd chat your lord/hip 
Would fuffcr him to fpcnd his youth at hocne^ 
Whik otfier men of (lender reputation 
Put forth their fons to feek prefernient out : 
Some to the wars, to try their fortune there } 
* Some, to difcover iQands fer away j 
Some, to the ftudious univerGties. 
tor any, or for all thefe exercifes. 
He iaid, diat Prothens your fon was meet: 
And did requeft me to importune you. 
To let him Jpend his time no more at home 1 
Which would be great impeachment to hi? age. 
In having known no travel in his youth. 

Ant. Nornced'ft thou much importune me to diat. 
Whereon this month I have been hammering, 
I have confidcr*d well liis lofs of rime i 
And how he cannot be a perfe<fl mani 
Not being try*d, and tutor'd in the world : 
Experience is by induitry atchkv^d, 

5 Somt tt diCcovcr filandt fat" ffitr^jr.] Id ^h^J^mr*% tiine« 
Voy Ag c B for the difcovcry nSxh^ iflndB of America wrrv mach lo 
V0gi»c. And we lind, in the jourriaii of th? tiavctlers of that um«« 
tK»t the Tont of nobtemea. and oF others of the befi lamilia In 
Eagtawd, went vtry freqnentfy cm thefe ad^tnrarcs. 9iteh«s ritt 
Forttjtuti^ Celtittmt, TharntiUhi Fnroteri^ Pi(kir9mgit liitiUt»at, 
Wilkmghhyu Cht/itr$^ Ha^ttyt, Br^mltys^ And odiers. To thU 
prrvAiJiRg fiifhiott, otir pocc frctjiicntly Eludes, and ooc wiUiouC 
hrgh commcndiUocu of it, 


,^je 7po Ge^Jtlemen of Vcroj|j5 

And perfected by the i-w^it courib of dmc: 
Then teU nje, whitlier were I beft to fend him ? 

Pant** I think, your lordfhip is not ignorant. 
How his companion, youthful yakniine^ 
Attends the Emperor in his royal court* 

Jnt, I know it well. 
^'Pant. 'Twerc good, I tliink, your lordihip" 

him thither ; 
There ftial! he pra^ftifc tilts and tournaments, 
Hejrfwcecdifcourfe, converfc with noblemen •» 
And be in eye of every cxcrcife. 
Worthy Ins youth and noblenefs of birth. 

AkL* I lilce thy counfcl; well haft thou advis'd 
And that thou may'ft perceive how well [ like ir. 
The execution of it fhall nnakc known ; 
Ev*n wfth the fpeedieft expedition 
I will dirpacch hkn to the Emperor's court. 

Pant, To-morrow^ may it pleafc you, DonAipbofij 
With other gentlemen of good eftecm. 
Are journeying to faJute the Emperor ; 
And to commend their fcrvicc to his will* 

jfnt. Good company : with them Iball Preth^us g< 
Andj^in good time, now will we break with liira. 

- Enter Protheus. 

Pro, Sweet love^ fweet lines, Iweetlifc! 
T^cre is her hand, the agent of her hearty 
Here is her oad^ for love, her honour*s pawn. 
Oh ! that 'Our fathers would applaud our loves, 
To feal our happinefs with their confents! 
Oh heavenly Julia I 
yfnt. How now ? what letter are you reading i\k\ 
Pro. May*t plcaie your lordihip, 'ds a word or 
Of commendation lent from FaUmine \ 
Dcliver*d by a friend that came from lum. 
Ant. Lend me the letter ^ In me fee what nci 
Pro^ 1 her,' is no news, my lord, but that he 


I'be Two GentUtnen of Vczonz. tSj 

How happily he lives, how well beloved ^ 
And daily graced by the Emperor i 
"Wiftiing me with him, partner of his fortune* 

jini. And how ftand you affcdtcd to his wiflx? 

PfG. As one relying on your lordihip's wilJ, 
And not depending on his friendly wifli. 

Ji3f. My will is fomerhing fortcd wich his wifli : 
Mufe not that I thus fuddenly proceed j 
For what I will, I will ; and dieie*s an end. 
I am refolv*d, that thou (halt fpend fomc time 
With yalentinc in die Emp'ror's court: 
What maintenance he from his friends receives, 
Like exhibition thou flialc have from mc ; 
To-morrow be in readinefs to go. 
Excufe it not, for I am peremptory. 

Pro, My lord, I cannot be fo foon provided ; 
Pleale to deliberate a day or two. [thee : 

Ant, Look* what thou want'ft, (halJ be fent after 
Ho more of Hay j tomorrow ihou muft go. 
ome on, Panthian 5 you fhali be employ'd 
To haften on his expeditioa [Exe, Ant. ^^JPant. 

Pro, Thus have I fliun'd the lire, for fear of burning 5 
And drenchM me in the Sea, where I am drown*d; 
I fcar'd to Ihew my father Julia' % letter, 

ft he IhouJd take excrations to my fove ; 

d with the vantage of mine owti excufr. 
Hath he excq^tcd mofl: againft my love. 
pOh, how ciiis fpring of love refemblcth 

Th' uncertain glory of an April day ; 

Hiich now fhews all the beauty of tlie liai. 

And by and by, a cloud takes all away ! 

Enter Panthion. 

Pant. Sir Prethsus^ your father calls for you j 
Ic is in bafte» therefore^ I pray you^ go. 
Pro. Why, this it is ! my heart accords thereto ; 
id yet a thouland times ic anfwers, no* [Exeunt. 



T^t Two Gintiemcn of Verona/ 

Changes to Milan. 

An Apaitment in ibt Dukc'i PaUct. 

Enter Va]entiiie md Speed. 

S P £ E D» 

SI R, your glove—— 
V^h Not mine; my glows are on. 

Speed. Why then tFus may be yourSj for chit 
but one. 

Vd, Ha! let me fee: ay, give it me, k^&mine: 
Swc£t ornament, cKat decks a dung divine ! 
All, Sikia! Silvia! 

Speed. Madam SIhia / Madam Silvia ! 

.Vai How now, Sirrah ? 

Speed, She is not within hearing, Sr» 

y^l. Why, Sir, who bad you call her ? 

Spcid, Your worfhip^ Sir, or clfc I miftook. 

Vol. Well, you'll ftiU be too forward. 

Speed. And yet I was laft chidden for bdi^ COO Oow^ 

VaL Go to, Sir ; cell me, do you ktiow 

Speed. She, that your worfhip loves? 

VaL Why, how know you that I am in love ? 

Speed. Marry, by thefe fpedal marks •, firR, y< 
have leam'd, like Sir Pr&theus^ to wreath your a\ 
like a male-content \ to relifh a love-fot^, like a Ri 
hn-red-hreaft j to walk aJone, like one that had il 
peftik^nce i to figh, like a fchool-boy that had loft li 
Ar By C\ to werp, like a young wench that had h\ 
ried her gnndam-, to fafl, like one that takes 
to vratch, Rke one that fears robbing; to fpeak pi 
ling, like a be^ar at Halhwmcfs. You were wopi 

Tie Two Gentlemen of Verona. 

^hen you laugh'd, to crow like a cock ; when you 
walk'd, to w5k like one of the lions 5 when you 
fafted, it was prefently after dinner \ when you looked 
fadly» it was tor want of moay \ and now you are mc- 
taniorphos'd with a miftrefi, chac, when I look on 
VoU^ I can hardly think you my maftcr. 

VaL Are ail thefc thing* percciv'd in me ? 

SfteL They arc ail percdv*d 'OMtheui ye. 

VaL Without me ? they cannot. 

Speed. Without you? nay, that's certain j forwich- 
you were lo fimple, none clfe wouW ; But you 

fo without thefc Follies, that thcfe folites arc wkhiti 

)ti« and fhine through you like the water in an uri- 

that not an eye that fees you, but is a phyfidan 

comment on your malady. 

Vol. But tell me, dcrfl thou know my lady Sitvm ? 

Spnd. She, that you gaze on fo as fhe fits at fupper ? 

V4I, Haft d\o\i obferv'd tliat i ev*n (he I mcwu 

Speed. Why, Sir, I know her not ? 

Vol. Doft thou know her by my goring on lier. 
And yet know 'ft her not ? 

Speed. Is Ihe not hard-favourM, Sir ? 

VaL Notfe ftdr, boy, as wcll-fkvour'd. 

Speed, Sir, I know that well enough. 

Vol. What doft thou know ? 

Speed, That Jhc is not fo fair, as of you well fa?otir*d* 

VaL I mean that her beauty is cxquifite, 
But her Favour infinite* 

Speed. That*s becaufc the one h painted, and the 
other out of all count. 

Vd, How painted ? and how out of count ? 

Speed, Marry, Sir, fo painted to make her fair, that 
no man counts of her beauty. 

Val How dlcem'ft thou me ? I account of her 

Speed. You never faw her fince flic was dcform'd* 

Val How iong hadi flic been ddbrm*d ? 


190 7^ 7^^ Gentlemen ofVctODSU 

speed. Ever iince you lo^M her. 

Fal. I have lov'd her, ever finoc I law her ; 
And ihll I fee her beaudtuL 

Sfeed. If you love her, you cannot lee her. 

VaL Why? 

Speed, B^aule love is blind. O, that you had nuae 
eyes, or your own eyes had the li^ts they were woot 
to have, when you chid at Sir Pretbcus for goii^ un- 

Vol, What fhould I fee then ? 

Speed, Your own prcfent folly, and herpaflii^ dcs 
fbnnity : For he, being in love, could not Kctoguter 
his hole ; and you, bdi^ in love, cannot lee to put 00 
your hole. 

Vol. Belike, boy, then you are in love: fer laft 
morning you could not fee to wipe my Ihocs. 

Speed. True, Sir, I was in love with my bed \ I 
thank you, you fwing'd me for my love, which makes 
me the bolder to diidc you for yours. 

Vol. In conclulion, I ftand afFeded to her. 

f^^^^. I would you were fet, fo your affection wouU 

VaL laft night Ihe injoin'd me to write feme lines 
to one ihe loves. 

Speed. And have you ? 

VaL I have. 

Speed, Are they not lamely writ ? 

VaL No, boy, but as well as I can do them : 
.Peace, here flie comes. 

Enter Silvia. 

Speed. Oh excellent motion ! Oh exceeding puppet f 
Now will he interpret to her. 

VaL Madam and miftrefs, a thouiand good morrows. 

Speed, Oh ! ^ve ye good ev'n ; here's a million rf 

SU, .Sir VaUtttine and iervant, to you two thouGuid. 


•TheT^o Gentlemen of Verona. 191 

• speed. He Ihould ^vc her intercft -, and ftie gives 

it him. 

Val As you injoin*d mc, I have writ your letter. 
Unto the fecret, namelcfs, friend of yours ; 
Which I was much unwiUing to proceed in. 
But for my duty to your ladyftiip.. 

SiL I thank you, gentle fcrvant ; *tis very clerkly 

Fal. Now truft me, madam, it came hardly off: • 
For being ignorant to whom it goes, 
I wnt at random, very doubtfuUy. [pains ? 

5/7. Perchance, you think too much of to much 
. Vd. No, madam, fo it ftccd you, I will write, 
Pleafe you command, a thoufand times as much. 
And yet- — - 

Sil. A pretty period; well, I guefs the fequel -, 
And yet I will not name it ; and yet I care not ; 
And yet take this again, and yet I thank you \ 
Meaning henceforth to trouble you no more. 

Speed, And yet you will ; and yet, another yet. 

VaL What means your ladylhip ? do you not like it ? 
SiL Yes, yes, the lines arc very quaindy writ ; 
But iince unwillingly, take them again ; • 
Nay, take them. 

Vol. Madam, they are for you. - 
5/7. Ay, ay ; you writ them. Sir, at my requeft ; 
But I will none of them ; they are for yoii : 
I would have had them writ more movii^y. 
Vah Pleafe you, I'll write your ladyftnp another. 
SiL And when it*s writ, for my fake^tead it over ; 

• And if it pleafe you, fo ; if not, why fo. 

VaL If it pleafe me, madam, what then ? 
' 5/7. Why if it- pleafe you, take it jfor your labour ) 
And fo good morrow, fcrvant. [Exit. 

Speed, O jeil unfcen, infcrutable, inidfible. 
As a nofe on a*man*s iacc, . or >a weathercock jon a 
" *. fteeple! My 

1^2 77jc Two Gentlemen of Veroni 

My Qufter fue5 to hcr» and Ihe iuth taught her 
He being her pupil, to become her tutor : 
O excellent device ! was there eyer heard a better? 
That my maftcr, being the fcribe, to himfdf 
write the letter ? 

Vd. How now, Sir, what are you reaibnlng Wi 

Speed. Nay, I was rhiming ; *ttt you that have 

Vai, To do what ? 

Speed, To be a fpokefinan from uiadaHi Sthdm^ 

VaL To whom? 
Hcd, To yourfelf i why, fhc wooes you by a figure 

Jd. What iigure? 

Speed. By a Jetcer, I ihould fay. 

Vd, Why, Jhe hath not writ to me? 

Speed. What need Ihe, 
When fhe hach made you write to youriilf ? 
Why» do you not perceive the jeft ? 

Vd^ No, believe me. 

Speed. No belie\Tng you. Indeed, Sir : but did 
perceive her eamefl: ? 

Vd, She gave me none, except an angry word* 

Speed, Why, Ihe hath given yog a Ictier, 

yd. That's the letter I writ to her friend. 

Speed, And that letter hath fhe dcliver'd, and tb«c' 

Vd. I would it were no worfc. 

Speed. I'll warrant you, 'tis as well : 
F&r efien hav€y$u wris io her 5 mdjhe in m$dejly^ 
Or elfifor want cf idle iime, could not agmn rephf \ 
Or fearing elfefime viejfefiger^ that might b€r nund 

Herfelfhatb iaugbt her love him/elf Is write unlt6 ber 

All this 1 fpeak in print j for in print I found k. 
Why mufe you, Sir ? 'tis dimcr tinie* 

Tie Two Gentkmen of Verona, 

V&L I have dinM, 

Spttd. Ay, but hearken, Sir; tho' the Camekcn love 
can feed on the air, I am one that am nourilh*d by my 
viSualSj and would fain have meat : Oh, be not like 
your miftrefs ^ be moved, be moved. [Exeunt* 


^K Changes to Julia'j Houfe at Verona. 
^P EnUr Prothcus and Julia. 

Pro. T T A V E patience, gentle 7«jJr<j, 

JCT. Jul. I mull, where is no remedy, 

Frtf. When polTibly I can> I will return, 

Jul If you turn not, you will return the fooner : 
Keep tliis remembrance for thy Julia's fake. 

\Giving a ring. 

Pro. Why then well make exchange \ here, take 
you this. 

Jul. And feal the bargain with a holy kife. 

Pre, Here is my hand for my true conftancy i 
And when chat hour o'erflips me in the day. 
Wherein 1 figh nor, Julia^ for thy fake ; 
The next enfuing hour fomc foul mifchance 
Torment me, for my love's foigctfiilncis ! 
My father ftays my coming j anfwer not t 
The tide is now ; nay, not thy tide of tears \ 
That tide will ftay mc longer, than I Oiould : 

[£xrV JuDa. 

Jutia^ farewel. What ! gone witliout a word ? 

Ay, fo true lo%"e fliould do ; it cannot fpeak \ 

For truth hath better deeds, than words, to grace it. 

Enter Fanthion. 

Pan. Sir Protheus^ you arc ftaid for. 
Pr^. Go ; i come. 
Alas ! this parting ftrikes poor lovers dumb, [Exewtf, 



1 94 72^ 7ua Gentlemen of Verona* 


Changes to a Street. 
Effter Launce, v;itb his dog Crab. 

Laun, ' ^T A Yj 'twill be this hour ere I have 

<1.^ weeping i allelic kind of the Jjameu 
' have this very fault \ I have received my propob 

* tion, like the prodigious Ion, and am going 

* Sir Protheiis to the Imperial's court, I think, 

* my dog be the fowreft-natur'd dog that lives : my 

* mother weeping, my father wailing, my fifter ay- 

* ing, our maid howling, 6ur cat wringing her 

* and all our houle in a great perplexity ; yet did 
' this cruel -hearted cur ihcd one tear! he is a fton< 

* very pebbk-ftone» and has no more pity in him d 

* a dog ; a Jew would have wept, to iuvc Iccn our 

* parting ; why, my gnmdam having no cye$, 1( 
' you, wept herfelf blind at my parting. Nay, 

* fliow you the manner of it : this ftioe is my fat 

* no, this left fhoe is my fadier; no, no, this left 

* b my mother 5 nay» that cannot be fo neither j 

* it is fo, it is fb ; it hath the worier Ible ; this 

* with the hole in it, is my mother, and this my 

* therj a vengeance on't, there 'tis: now^ Sir/ 
' ftaff is my fifter ; fbr» look you, fhc is as ^1 
^ a lilly, and as fn'tall a£ a wana \ thi& hac is Nan^ 

* maid -, I am the dog j no, the dog is 

* and 1 am the dog : oh, the dog is me, and I 

* my fclf ; ^, fo, fo; now come I to my fad 
-• father, your blcffmg ; nowfhould not the (hoc (^ 

■ a word for weeping ; now Ihould I kifs my fai 

* well, he weeps on ; now come I to my mother^ 
oh that fhe could Ipeuk now like a wodc woman ! 

f t 

t O* thstjht HttUJ^eak «w //f# am o c L D WimA» ] The M 

^Folim rc3d woutD. It fiioulU be woDis mao. cnsf* 
Hrwuick whh giief. 

The Two Gentlemen <?f Verona. 19, 

* well, I kifs her J why there 'tis? here's my mo- 

* ther's breath up and down : now come I to my 

* fifter \ mark the moan fhe makes : now the dog aU 

* this while fheds not a tear, nor fpcaks a word j but 

* fee, how I lay the dull with my tears. 

Enier Panthion. 

Pant, Launce^ away, away, aboard ; thy maftcr is 
fliipp'd, and thou arc to poft after with oars : what*s 
the matter ? why wcep'll thou, man ? away, afi, you 
Will lofc the tide if you tarry any longer. 

Laun. It is no matter if the ty*d were loft, for it is, 
the unkindeft ty'd chat ever any man ty'd. 

P&nt. What's the unkindeft ride ? 

Laun. Why, he that's ty'd here ; Crah^ my dog. 

Pant, Tut, man, I mean thou*k lofc the flood ; and 
in lofmg the flood, lofe thy voyage j and in loling thy 
voyage, lofe thy mafter \ and in lofing thy matter, 
lofe diy fcrvice ; and in lofing thy fcrvice^ ■— "^ why 
doft thou Hop my mouih ? 

Zmuh. For fear diog Ihould'ft lofe thy tongue. 

Ptmt. Where /hould I lofe my tongue? 

Lam. In thy tale. 

Pant. In thy tail?— 

Lam, Lofe the flood, and the voyage, and the 
mafter, and the fcrvice, and the tide i why, man, if 
the river were diy, I ani able to fill it with my tears ; 
if the wind were down^ I could drive the boat with 
my fighs. 

Pant, Come, come away> man ; I was fcnt to call 

Lai$n. Sir, call me what thou dar*ll. 

Pant, Wilt thou go? 

Laun. WcU, I wUl go. {Extmt, 

O a 


196 7t>e Two Gentlemen of Verona. 


Changes to Milan. 
An Apartment in the Dvkjt*s.PaIa£f. 

Enter Valentine, Silvia» Thiuio, and Speed 


J VaL Miftrcfs? 

Speed, Mafter, Sir Thuri& frowns on you. 

Vd. Ay, boy, it*s for love. 

Speed. Not of you, 

VaL Of my miftrefs then. 

Speed, *Tweregood, you knockt him, 

SiL Servant, you arc fad. 

VaL Indeed, madam, I feem fo. 

^hu. Seem you that you are not ? 

VaL Haply^ I do. 

^bu. So do counterfeits. 

Vol. So do you. 

^bu. What feem I, that I am not ? 

VaL Wife, 

Thu. What inftance of the contrary ? 

VaL Your folly. 

Tbu. And how quote you my folly ? 

Vat^ I quote it in your jerkin. 

Thu, My jerkin is a doublet. 

VaL Well then, I'll double your foUy. 

7bu. How? 

SiL What, angry, Sir Itburie? do you change co- 

Vai. Give him leave, madam j he b a kind of Cs- 

Tbu. That hath more mind to feed on your blood, 
than live in your air. 

Vat, You have faid. Sir. 

Tbi/. Ay» Sir, and done too, for this tim 

7^ Two Gentlemen of Verona. 1 9 

VaL I know ic well. Sir \ you always end, ere you 

SiL A fine volly of words, gentlemen, and quickly 
(hot off. 

AW. *Tis, indeed, madam ; we thank the giver 

SiL Who is rhar, fervant f 

Vol. Your felf, fweet lady, for you gave the fire \ 
Sir Tburio borrows his wit from your ladyfliip's looks, 
and iptrnds, what he borrows, kindly in your company, 

l*bu. Sir, if you ipcnd word for word with me, I 
fhall make your wit bankrupt, 

Val^ I know it well, Sir j you have an exchequer of 
words, and, I think, no ochcr treafure to give your 
followers : for it appears, by rheir bare liveries, that 
they live by your bare words, 

SiL No more, gentlemen, no more : Here comes 
my father* 


E N E 
Enter the Duke. 

Duke. Now, daughter Silvia^ you are hard befet. 
Sir Vahitine^ your fathcr*s in good health : 
What fay you to a letter from your friends 
Of much good news ? 

Ki/, My lord, I w*dl be thankful 
To any liappy mefTengcr from thence. 

Duki. Know you Don Anthomo^ your countryman ? 

VaL Ay, my good lord, I know the gentleman 
To be of worth and worthy cftimation ; 
And, not without defert, iQ well reputed. 

jyukt. Hath he not a fon ? 

Vd. Ay, my good lord, a fon that weU deftrvcs 
The honour and regard of fuch a father, 

I>uk€, You know him well ? 

VaL I knew him, as myfelf ; for from our infancy 
Wc have converft, and fpcnt our hours together; 

O 3 And 


f 9? 7^^ Tow Gentlemen of Verona. 

And tho* my felf have been an idle truant. 
Omitting the fweet benefit of time. 
To cloaSi mine age with angel-like peifeftion % 
Yet hath Sir Protbeus^ for that's his name. 
Made ufe and f^ advantage of his days \ 
His years but young, but his experience old % 
His head unmcllow'd, but lus judgment ripe \ 
And, in a word, ( for idx behind his worth 
Come all the pn^es, that I now beftow ; ) 
He is compleat in feature and in mind. 
With all good grace to grace a gentleman. 

Duke. Befhrew me. Sir, but if he makes dus gpod. 
He is as worthy for an emprefs' love. 
As meet to be an Emperor's counfellor. 
Well, Sir, this gentleman is come to me. 
With commendations from great potentates ; 
And here he means to fpend his time a while. 
I think, *tis no unwelcome news to you, 

VaL Should I have wifh'd a thing, it had been he. 

I>uke, Welcome him then according to his worth: 
Silvia^ I (peak to you ; and you, Sir ^urio ; 
For Valentine, I need not dte him to it : 
I'll fend him hither to you prefently. [Exit Didce. 

VaL This is the gendcman, I told your ladyflup, 
Had come along with me, but that his miftrds 
Did hold his eyes lockt in her cryftal looks. 

SiL Belike, that now flie hath enfranchised them 
Upon fbme other pawn for fealty. 

VaL Nay, fure, 1 think, fhe holds them prisoners ffiU. 

5/7. Nay, then he ftxould be blind ; and, bdng bHnd, 
How could he fee his way to frek out you ? 

VaL Why, lady, love hath twenty pair of eyes. 

Tbu, They fay, that love hath not an eye at all. 

VaL To fee fudi lovers, Tburio, asyourlelf: 
Vpon a homely objeft love can wink. 


7if Two Gentlemen of Veroiwu igi 


Enter Prothcus. 

SiL Have done, have done ; here comes the gen- 

Ftf/. Welcome, <\e^r Prolicus: miftreis^ I befecch 
Confirm his wcicome with fomc fpecial favour* 

SiL His worth is warrant for his welcome hither. 
If this be he, you oft have wifh'd cohear from. 

f^al, Miftrefe, it is ; Sweet lady, entertain him 
To be my fellow-icrvanc to your ladylTiip, 

SiL Too low a miftreis for fo high a lervant. 

Pro* Not fo, fwcet lady 5 but coo mean a fervant, 
To have a look of fuch a worthy miftrefs, 

Fal, Leave off dUcourfe of dilabi!ity : 
Sweet lady, entertain him for your Jervant, 

Fro, My duty will I boaft of, nodiing clfe. 

Sil. And duty never yet did want his meed : 
Savant, youVc welcome co a wortldefi mtftrefs. 

Pre, ril die on him that lays lb, but your felf. 

SiL That you are welcome? 

iVtf. That you arc worthlefi. 

ErtUr Servant. 

Serj. Madam, my lord your father would Ipeak 

with you, 
SiL I'll wait upon his picafurc : [/Ty/VJwx'. J Come, 
Sir Tburi&y 
Go with me. Once more, my new fervant, welcome ; 
Vll leave you to confer of home affairs j 
When you have done, we look to hear from you. 
Frti. We'll both attend upon your ladyflup. 

{Exeunt Sil. and Thu. 



200 Hi 7w Gentkmm ef Vercxia. 


Va!, Now ten mc, how do all fnxn whence you 

Pro, Your friends are wdl, and hare dicm modi 

Val. And how do yours ? 

Pro. I left them ail in health, jlove? 

Vd. How does your lady ? and bow duJTCs your 
Pro. My talcs erf" love were wont to weary you? 
I know, you joy not in a love-difcourfe. 

Val, Ay, Prctheusj but that life is ahcr^d now ? 
I have done penance for contemning love ; 
Whofe high imperious thoughts have pundlh'd zne 
With Utter fafts, with penitential groans ; 
"With lughtly tears, and daily hcart-forc C^is. 
For, in revenge of my contempt of love, 
Ijove hath chac*d fleep from my enthralled eyes. 
And made them watchers of mine own heart's ibnow. 
O gentle Protbsus, love's a mighty lad j 
And hath fo humbled me, as, I confeis. 
There is no wo to his correftion ; 
Nor to his fervice, no fuch joy on eardi^ 
Now no difcourfc, except it be of love ; 
Now can I break my hH, dine, fup, and flccp 
Upon the very naked name of love. 

Pro, Enough : I read your fortune in your eye. 
Was this the idol, that you worflup fb ? 

VaL Even (he ; and is fhe not aheav'niy £unc i 
Pro. No ; but fhe is an earthly paragon. 
VaL Call her divine. 
Pro. I will not flatter her. 
Vol. O, flatter me ; for love delights in pnufe. 
Pro. When J was fick, vou gave mc Utter pilb i 
And I muft minifter the hke to you, 

Fal. Then fpeak the truth bj her; if not ^mt^ 
Kt% let her be a prindpalitjr, 

Tie Two Gentlemen ^Verona* 201 

SovVeign to all the creatures on the earth. 

Pro. Except my miftrefs, 

Vd. Sweet, except not any ; 
Except thou wilt except againft my love* 

Ftq^ Have 1 not reafon to prefer mine own? 

VaL And I will help thee to prefer her coo : 
She fhall be dignify*d with this high honour. 
To bear my lady's train, Idt the bale earth 
Should from her vefture chance to flea] a kils ; 
And, of fo great a favour growing proud, 
Difd^ to root the fummcr-fwclling flower ; 
And make rough winter evcrlaftingly. 

Pre. Why^ Vaknt'me^ what bragadifm is this? 

VaL Pardon me» Proiheus ; all 1 can, is nothing 
To her, whofe worth makes other worthies nothing \ 
She is alone ■ - 

Pro, Then let her alone* 

VaL Not for the world : why, man, fhe is mine own ; 
And 1 as rich in having fuch a jewel, 
As twenty feas, if all their fand were pear], 
The water ncftar, and the rocks pure gold. 
Forgive me, that I do not dream on thee, 
Becaufc thou feeft me doat upon my love. 
My foolifh rivals that her father likes, 
Only for his pofleflions are fo huge. 
Is gone with her along, and I muft after 5 
For love> thou know*ft, is full of jealouJie, 

Pre, But fhe loves you ? 

Vol, Ay, and wc are betroth*d \ nay more, our mar- 
With all the cunning manner of our flight. 
Determined of i how I muft climb her window. 
The ladder made of cords ; and ail the means 
Plotted and 'greed on for my happinefs. 
Good Proiheus, go with me to my chamber. 
In thcfc affairs to aid me with thy counfcl 
Pr^* Go m before i I fhall enquire you forth. 

I muft 

202 7X^ Two Gentlemen of Verom^ 

I tnuft unto the road, to difembark 
Some neceffaries that I needs muft uie ; 
And then I'll prefently attend you. 

VaL Will you make hafte ? 

Pro. I wiU. [Exit VaL 

Ev'n as one heat another heat expels. 
Or as one n^ by flxcngth drives out another 5 
So the remembrance of my former love 
Is by a newer obje£i: quite forgotten. 
* Is it mine Eye, or Valentino*^ Pr^fc, 
Her true perfedipn, or my Me tranigreflion^ 
That makes mc, reafonlefs, to reafbn thus ? 
She's fair ; and ib is Jidia^ that I love ; 
That I did love, for now my love is thaw'd j 
Which, like a waxen image 'gainft a fire. 
Bears no impreflion of the thing it was. 
Methmks, my zeal to VaUntine is cold ; 
And that I love him not, as I was wont. 
O ! but I love his lady too, too, much ; 
And that's the reafon, I love him fo little* 
How Ihall I doat on her with more adidce. 
That thus without advice begin to love her ? 
'Tis but her pifture I have yet beheld. 
And that has dazled fo my reafon's light : 

2 Is it mine then, or ValentinoV Pratfe^'\ Hoc Prttitas 
qneftions with himfelf, whether it is his own praife, or Fmlem' 
tine'Sf that makes him h\\ in love with VaUntimt^ miftrers. Bat 
not to inilil on the abfurdity of tailing in love through his own 
praifes* he had net indeed piaifed her any farther than Kiviiig 
his opinion of her in three words, when his friend askm it a 
him. In all the old editions, we find the line printed thus. 
h it mine, or Valentino*/ praife f 

A word is wanting. The line was originally thas» 
Is it mine eye, or VsAeDtiao^t prai/t? 
Protheus had juft feen Valtntine'*% miftrefs, whom her lover had 
been lavifhly prailing. His encomiums therefore heighming 
Prothtuit idea of her at the interview, it was the lefs wonder he 
ihould be uncertain which had made the ilrongefl imprdBopf 
VaUntime^ pnufei» or his own view of her« 


The Two GentUfnen of Verona. 

But 1fl^wn I look on her perfedions. 
There is no rcafon, but I Ihall be blind. 
I f I can check my erring love, I will ; 
If nor, to compaf$ her I'll itfe my skilL 


: E N E 
Changes to a Street^ 


Enter Speed end Launcc. 

Speed. T AVNCEy by mine honefty, welcome to 
-L* ' Mian. 

Launce. Forfwear not thy felf, fweet youth j for I 
am not welcome : I reckon this always, that a man is 
never undone, *till he be hang'd ; nor never welcome 
to a place, till fome certain fhot be p^d, and the 
hoftcls fay^ welcome. 

Speed, Come on, you mad-cap ; I'll to the ale- 
houfc with you prcfently, where, for Ofie fhot of five- 
pence, thou fliak have five chouland welcomes. But, 
Srrah, how did thy mailer part with madam Julia ? 

ELaun, Many, after they do5*d in cameft, they 
rtcd very fairly in jeft. 
Speed, But fhail flic many him ? 
Laun. No, 
Speed. How tlien ? fliall he marry her ? 
Lmtn. No, neither. 
Speed. What, arc they broken ? 
Laun. No, they arc both as whole as a fifli. 
Speed, Why then how ftands the matter with them ? 
Laun. Marry, thus : when it ftands well with him, 
ic (lands wcW with her. 

Speed. Wh:it an afs art thou? I undcrfland thee not. 
Laun. What a Hock art thou, that thou canft not ? 
My rtatf iindcrfl.inds me. 
Speed, What thou fay'fl ? 

Ic u Padua in ihe former editiona. 
3. Mr. /»^/, 

See the novt oa 



204 TZ^ Two Gentlemen of Verona* 

Laun. Ay, and what I do too ? look thee, I'll W 
lean, and my ftafF underftands me. 

Speed, It (lands under thee indeed, 

Laun, Why, ftand-under, and underftand, is all one. 

Speed. But tell me true, will't be a match ? 

Laun, Ask my dog : if he fay, ay, it will ; if he 
fay, no, it will ; if he Ihake his tail, and fay nothiii^ 
it will. 

Speed, The concluCon is then, that it will. 

Laun, Thou fhalt never get fuch a fecrct from mc^ 
but by a parable. 

Speed, ' Tis well, that I get it fb ; but Launce, bow 
fay*ft thou, that my matter is become a notable lover J 

Laun. I never knew him othcrwifc. 

Speed, Than how ? 

Laun, A notable Lubber, as thou reporteft lum to be. 

Speed, Why, thou whorfon afi, thou miftak'ft me. 

Laun, Why, fool, I meant not thee i I meant thy 

Speed, I tell thee, my matter is become a hot lover. 

Laun, Why, I tell thee, I care not tho* he bun 
himfelf in love : If thou wilt go with me to the ale- 
houfe, fo ; if not, thou art an Hebrew^ a Jew^ and not 
worth the name of a Cbriftian. 

Speed, Why? 

Laun, Becaufe thou haft not lb much charity in 
thee, as to go to the ale-houfe with a Cbri^an: wik 
thou go ? 

Speed, At thy fervice. {ExapU. 

Enter Protheus fobes. 

Pro, To leave my Julia^ fliall I be forfwom ; 
To love lair Silvia^ (hall I be forfwom % 
To wrong my friend, 1 fliall be much fbrfwom : 
And ev*n that pow'r, which gave me fitft my oath, 
Provokes me to this threefold perjury. 


T^e Tw6 GmtUmen ^/Verona. 205 

Ijove bad me fwear, and love bids me forfwear : 

fwcet-fuggefting love ! ♦ if I have linn'd. 
Teach mc, thy tempted fubjeft, to cxcufe it. 
At ftrft I did adore a twinkling liar. 
But now I worfhip a celcftial fun, 
Unhtedful vows may hcedfully be broken i 
And he wants wit, that wants refolvcd will 
To leam his wit t*exchangc the bad Ibr better. 
Fie, fie, unrevcrcnd tongue \ to call her bad, 
Whofe Sov'rdgnty lb ott thou haft preferred 
With twenty thoufand foul-confirming oaths. 

1 cannot leave to love, and yet I do ; 
But there I leave to love, where I fhould love: 
JuUa \ lofe^ and Vakmine I lofc : 
If I keep them, I needs muft lofc myfclf ; 
If I Jofe them, this find I by their lofs, 

For FalcnfmCf myfelf; for Julfa^ Silvia, 

I to my fclf am dearer than a friend ; 

For love is ftill moft precious in its felf : 

And Silvia^ fwitnefs heav'n, that made her fair !^ 

Shews Julia but a fwarthy Ethiape, 

I will forget that Julia is alive, 

Remembring that my love to her is dead : 

And Valentine VW hold an enemy^ 

Aiming at Sihia as a fweeter friend. 

I cannot now prove conftant to my felf, 

Without fomc treachery us*d to Valenfine : 

This night, he meancth with a corded ladder 

To dimb celeftial Silvia's chamber-window ; 

My felf in counlel his competitor. 

Now prefentiy 1*11 givt! her father notice 

Of their difguifmg, and pretended flight ; 

Who, all cnrag'd, will banifh Falenfine : 

For Thurso^ he intends, fliaU wed his daughter. 

If THOU HAST finn*d^ We mufl ccruinl/ ruj 

if I H A V K /flftV. 


2o6 The Tv:o GentUtmn of Verorx'. 

But, Va!aitini being gonr. Til quickly crofi. 
By fome fly trick, blunt Tbitny$ dull proceeding. 
Love, lend me wings co make my purpofc fwift. 
As thou haft km m^ wit to plot this drik ! iEaL 


Changes to JuLia*^ Houfe in Verona, 

En^cr Julia axd Lucctta, 

Julf^OxaStl^LuceUa^ gentle gjrl, ailKl mc 

^^ And, even in kind love, 1 do conjure thee^ 
Who art die table wherein all my thoughts 
Are vifibly charafter'd and engrav'd. 
To leffon me ; and tell me fome good miean. 
How with my honour I may und^takc 
A journey to my loving Proiheus. 

Luc, Alas ! the way is wearifome and long. 

JuL A true-devoted pilgrim is not weary 
To meafure kingdoms with his feeble ileps ; 
Much iefs (hall iKe, that hath love's wings tq fly j 
And when the flight is made to one fo dear> 
Of fuch divine perfedion, as Sir jPrff/itf«i, 

Luc* Better forbear, 'till Profbius make pecum* 

JuL Oh, know'ft thou nor, his looks are my 
Pity ihc dearth, that I have pined in. 
By longing for that food fo long a rime, 
Didft thou but know the inly touch of love. 
Thou would*ft as ibon go kindle fire with fnow, 
As feek to quench die fire of love with words. 

Ltu, I do not feek to quench your love's hot. 
But qualifie the fire's extrcam rage. 
Left ic ihould burn above the bounds of reaibn. 

JuL The more thou damm'il 



the more 


T&e TwQ Gentlemen of Verona. 207 

< The current, that wkh gentle murmur glides, 

» Thou know*ft,beingftopp'dj impatiently dorlirage; 

* But when liis fair courfe is not hindered^ 

* He makes fweet iriufick with th' enamcrd floncs ; 

* Giving a gentle kifs to every fedge 
' He overtaketh in his pilgrimage : 

* And fo by many winding nooks he (trays, 
« With willing fport* to the wild ocean. 

* Then let me go, and hinder not my courfe 5 

* ril be as patient as a gentle ftrcam, 

* And make a paftime of each weary ftcp, 

* *Till the lafl: ftep have brought me to my love ; 

* And there I'll reft, as after much turmoil, 

* A blefled foul doth in Ely/mm. 
Luc. But in what habit will you go along ? 
JuL Not like a woman ; for I would prevent 

The loofe encounters of lafcivious men : 
Gendc Luctitat fit me with fuch weeds 
As may befeem Ibme wcll-repuced page, 

Lh€, Why then your ladyfliip muft cut your hair. 

Jui No, girl ; ril knit it up in fUken ftrings^ 
"With twenty odd-conceited true-love-knots : 
To be fantmick, may become a youth 
Of greater time than I fliall flicw to be. [breeches? 

Luc. What fafWon, Madam, fhall I make your 

JuL That fits as well, as — ** tell me, gpod my 
*• What compais will you wear your farthingale ? 
Why, even what fafhion thou bcft like'ft, Lucetta^ 

Luc. You muft needs have them with a cod*piecc» 

JuL Out, out, Lucefia ! that will be ill-favour*d. 

Luc. A round hofe, Madam, now*s not worth a pjn> 
Unlefs you have a cod piece to ftick pins on, 

Jul. Lucetsa^ a*j rhou lov'ft me, let me have 
What rhou think'it mccr^ and is moft mannerly : 
But tcU mc, wench, how will the world repute mc 


2o8 Tie Two GentUmen rf VenoAa. 

For undertaking fo unftaid a journey ? 
I fear me, it will make me Icandaliz'd. 

Luc, If you think fo, then ftay at home, and go not. 

Jul. Nay, diat I will not. 

Lmc. Then never dream on infamy, but go. 
li Protbeus like your journey, when you come. 
No matter who's difpleas*d, when you are gone: 
I fear me, he will fcarce be pleas'd withal. 

Jul, That is the lead, Lucetta^ of my fear : 
A thoufand oaths, an ocean of his tears. 
And inftances as infinite of love. 
Warrant me welcome to my Protbeus. 

Imc, All thcfe are iervants to decdtful men. 

JuL Bafe men, that ule them to fo bole cffeft! 
But truer ftars did govern Protbeus* birth i 
His words are bonds, his oaths are oracles ^ 
His love fincere, his thoughts immaculate ^ 
His tears, pure meflengers lent from hb heart % 
His heart as far firom fraud, as heav*n from esuth. 

Luc. Pray heav'n he prove fo, when you come to 
him ! 

JuL Now, as thou lov*ft me, do him not that ynoag, 
To bear a hard opinion of his truth ; 
Only defcrve my love, by loving him ; 
And prefendy go with me to my chamber. 
To take a note, of what I ftand in need o^ 
To fiimilh me upon my lon^g journey. 
All that is mine 1 leave at thy diipofe. 
My goods, my lands, my reputation ; 
Only, in lieu thereof, dilpatch me hence : 
Come, anfwer not ; but do it prefcntly : 
1 am impatient of my taniancc. [Exeiat- 


The Txv^ Gentlemen of Verona. 209 


The Duke's Palace in Milan. 
Enter Duke, Thurio, and Prodieus, 

D V 

K Z, 

STR "Tburi^j give us leave, I pray, a while j 
We have fomc iicrcLS to confer about. 

[^Exis Thur, 
Now tell me, TrotbtuSy what*s your will with mc? 

Pro. My gracious lord, that which 1 would difcovcr. 
The law of friendOiip bids me to conceal ; 
But whi^n I call to mind your gracious favours 
Done to rae, undc^ierving as I am, 
My duty pricks me on to utter ihar, 
Which, clfc, no worldly good fh'.Hi!d draw from m'^. 
Know, wortliy Prince, Sir Vakntm my friend 
This night intends to ftcal away your daughter; 
My felf am one made privy to the plot 
1 know, you have determin'd to bellow her 
On TJww, whom your gentle daughter hates; 
And ftould Ihe thus be ftoirn away from you. 
It would be much vexation to your age, 
Tliiis, for my duty's fake, I rather chofe 
To crois my friend in hia intended drift \ 
Than, by conccaJing it, heap on your head 
A pack of forrows, which would prcfs you down, 
If unpreventedj to your timelefs grave, 

l>uh, Proibeus^ I chai\k thee for thine honeft care \ 
Which to requite, command me while I live. 
This love of thrirs my ftlf have often fcen. 
Haply, when they have iudg'd me faft afleep ; 
And oftentimes Iiave purpos*d to forbid 
$iz yalcnsine her company, and my court : 

Vol. L P But, 

2 1 o Tl^e Two Gentlemen of Verona. 

But, fearing left my jealous aim might err. 
And fo unworthily difgracc the man, 
(A rafhncfs that I ever yet have (hunn'd ;) 
i gave him gentle looks ; thereby to find 
That which thy fclf haft now difclos'd to mc. 
And that thou may'ft perceive my fear of tlus. 
Knowing that tender youth is foon fuggeftcd, 
I nightly lodge her in an upper tower. 
The key whereof myfelf have ever kept ; 
And thence (he cannot be convey'd away. 

Pro. Know, noble lord, they have dcvis'd a mean 
How he her chamber-window will alcend. 
And v,\th a corded ladder fetch her down % 
For w hich the youthfU lover now is gone. 
And this way comes he with it prefently : 
Where, if it pleafe you, you may intercept him. 
But, good niy lord, do it fo cunningly. 
That my difcov'ry be not aimed at ; 
For love of you, not hate unto my fHend, 
Hath made me publilher of this pretence, 

Duke, Upon mine honour, he Ihall never know 
That I had any light from thee of this. 

Pro, Adieu, my lord : Sir Valentine is coming. 

[ExU ?to. 


Enier Valentine. 

Duke, Sir Valentine, whither away fo faft ? 

VaL Pleafe it your Grace, there is a mcflcnger 
That ftays to bear my letters to my fnends. 
And I am going to deliver them. 

Duke. Be they of much import ? 

VaL The tenour of them doth but (ignific 
My health, and happy being at your court. 

Duke. Nay then, no matter; ftay withmeawhik; 
I am to break with thee of feme affairs. 


7^e Two Gentlemen ofVtxonz. 

That touch me near ; wherein thou muft be fccret- 
*Tis not unknown to thee, that I have fought 
To match my friend Sir Tburio to my daughter, 

y^. I know it well, my lord \ and, fure^ the match 
Were rich and honourable \ befidcs, the gentleman 
Is full of virtue, bouncy^ worth, and qualities 
Befecming fudi a wile as your fair daughten 
Cannot your Grace win her to fancy him ? 

Duke, No» truft me ; Ihc is peevilh, fullen, froward, 
Proud, difobedient, ilubborn, lacking duty j 
NdtJier regarding that fhe is my child, 
Nor fearing mc as if I were her father ; 
And may I fay to thee, this pride of hers, 
Upon advice, hath drawn my love from her j 
And, where I tliought the remnant of mine age 
Should have been cherifli'd by her child-like duty, 
I now am full refolv'd to take a wife. 
And turn her out to who will take her in : 
Then let her beauty be her wedding-dower: 
For me, and my pollefllons* ihe citcems nor, 

VaL What would your Grace have me to do in this ? 

Duke. There is a lady, * Sir, in Milan here, 
Whom I affeft \ but Jlie is nice and coy. 
And nought eftcems my aged eloquence : 
Now therefore would I have thee to my tutor } 
(For long agone I have forgot to court ; 
Befidcs, the faihion of die nmc is chang'd,) 
How, and which way, I may bcltow my fclf, 
To be regarded in her fun-bnght eye. 

VaL Win her with gilts, if fl^e refpecls not words | 

t ^^Sir, \ti MitiTH here,] It ought to be ihui, tnneiJ of 

— 1> Verona ^rr^.*- — for ihe Scene ap^'ireoily ia in Mi/arp 

as it clear from fcvcral p,in"a^e( in the firll Aft, and in the t>cgiri* 
King of fhe dtil Scene of the fourth AO. A like miftalce has crept 
ki(o the eighth Scene of AA 11. whtJC Spu^hidt hi* fetlow fer- 
runt Lauact^ welcome t^> FaJua. Mr. Pifpf, 

P a 


a 1 3 The T^o Genthpnen of Verona. 

Dumb jewels often in their filentkind. 
More than quick words, do move a woman's mind. 
Duke. But fhe did fcom a prefent, that I lent her. 
Vd. A woman ibmecimes icorns what beft contents 
her ; 
Send her another ; never ^vc her o'er ; 
For fcom at firft makes after-love the more. 
If fhe do frown, 'tis not in hate of you> 
But rather to beget more love in you : 
if fhe do chide, 'cis not to have you gone ) 
For why, the fools are mad if left alone. 
Take no rcpulfe, whatever fhe doth fay ; 
For, get you gone, fhe doth not mean away: 
Flatter, and pr^ie, commend, extol their graces % 
Tho' ne'er fo black, fay, they have angels' fiuxs. 
That man that hath a tongue, I fay, is no man. 
If with his tongue he cannot win a woman. 

Duke. But fhe, I mean, is promised by her fiicnds 
Unto a youthful gentleman of worth. 
And kept fevcrely from refort of men. 
That no man hadi accefs by day to her. 

Val. Why then I would refort to her by nig^ 
Di/^f. Ay,butthedoorsbelockt, and keys kept £ife^ 
That no man hath recourfe to her by night. 

Val, What Jets, but one may enter at her Window ? 
Duke, Her duunber is aloft, far from the ground. 
And built fo fhelving, that one cannot climb it 
W'ithout apparent hazard of his life. 

VaL Why then a ladder quaintly made of GOids, 
To caft up, witli a pair of anchoring horfts. 
Would ferve to fcale another Hero*% tower; 
So bold Leander would adventure it. 

Duke. Now, as thou art a gendeman of bloody 
Advife me where I may have fuch a ladder. 

Val. When would you ufe it ? pray, Sir, tell mc that. 
Duke. This very night ; for love is like a child. 
That longs for ev*ry thing that he can come by. 



The Two Gentlemen of Verona. ii 

Vai^ By feven a dock I'll get you fuch a ladder. 

Duh. But hark chce : I will go to her alone ^ 
How Cball I beft conviey the ladder thither ? 

Fa!. It win be light, my lord, rhucyoumay bear it 
Under a cloak that is of any kiigth. 

Duke. A cloak as Icmg as thine will ferve the turn ? 

Fal, Ay, my good lord* 

Duke. Then let me fee thy cloalc ; 
ril get mc one of fuch another length. 

fk/. Why, any cloak will fervc the turn, my lord, 

Duke. How ftiall J fafhion me to wear a cloak ? 
I pray thee, let me fecJ thy cloak upon me. 
What letter is this fame? what's here ? To Sihia f 
And here an engine fit for my proceeding ? 
rU be fo bold to break the leal for once. [Duke readsl 
A'ly tbougbts do barkmr with fjrt Silvia niiht-\\ 

Andflavestbey arei&me^ thai ftnd them JL 
Oh, cmld their mafier come mtd go as Ughifyy 

Hmftlf would hi^fj where finfikfs they arc lytr.^ .- 
My herald th&ugbts in thy pure bofem reft them^ 

Wbik /, their King^ that thither ihem smpcrtmey 
•jj)6 curfe the grace, that wUbJuch grace hath bkji them^ 

Beeaufe myfelfda want my feroants* fortune ; 

curfe myftlfj for they crefent by me, 

hat tbeyjhcfuld harbmry inhere their lord wmild be. 
What's here ? Silvia, this night will Itnfranchifetbee: 
*Tis k^ and here's the ladder for the purpofe. 
* Why^ Phaeton^ for thou art Mercfj' fon. 
Wilt thou aJpire to guide the heavenly car, 
^And with thy daring fotly burn the world ? 
Wilt thou reach ftars, becaufe they fhinc on chcc ? 
Go, bale intruder ! over-weenlng flave ! 
Bellow thy tliwning fmilcs on equal mates ; 
And think, my patience, more than thy dcfcrt, 

2 ti'^j FKaeton, fir them art UBnOPft* tO!l. 
I tyUt thou Gfpir4 to guidt thi himt^n^ tf^r.J Mcnpi /•», 

^i e. a baflard, kafc-boro. 

[ P 3 ^ 

114 7>5^ 75^^ Gentlemen ^Veronia, 

Is privilege for thy departure hence : 

Thank me for this, more than for all the favours, 

"Which, all too much, I have beftow^d on thcc. 

But if thou linger in my territories, 

I-onger than fwifceft expedition 

Will give tlice time to leave our royal court. 

By heav*n, my wrath fhall far exceed the love, 

I ever bore my daughter or thy felf : 

Be gone, I will not hear thy vain cxcufe. 

But as thou lov'ft thy Ufe, make fpced from hence. 


VaU And why not death, rather than liWng torment ? 
« To die, is to be bani(h*d from my felf: 

* And Mvia is my felf; banifli'd from her, 

* Is felf from felf: a deadly banifhment ! 

< "What light is light, if Silvia be not fecn ? 

< What joy is joy, if Silvia be not by ? 

* Unlefs it be to think, that (he is by ; 

* And feed upon the Ihadow of perfc&ion. 

* Except I be by Silvia in the night, 

* There is no mufick in the nightingale } 

* Unlefs I look on Silvia in the day, 

* There is no day for me to look upon : 
She is my cflcncc, and I leave to be. 

If 1 be not by her fair influence 
Fofter'd, illumin'd, cherifh*d, kept alive. 
I fly not death, to fly his deadly doom ; 
Tarry I here, I but attend on death : 
But liy I hence, I fly away from life. 

Enter Prothcus ani Launcc, 

Fro, Run, boy, run, run, and fcek him out. 
Latin, So-ho! fo-ho!—— *^ 
Pro, What feeft thou? 
Lam. Him we go to find i 


The Two Gentlemen of Verona. 2 1 

There's not a hair on's head, but 'tis a VcUntine. 

Pro. Vahniney > 

VaL No. fl 

Pro. Who then i his fpirit ? fl 

Vd, Neither. ■ 

Frd* What then ? ■ 

VaL Nothing. I 

Laun, Can notliing fpeak ? mafter, Jhall I ftrike ? I 

Pri?. Whom wouidft thou ilrikc ? m 

Laun. Notliiiig. ■ 

Pro, Villsun, forbear. ■ 

Laun. Why, Sir, Til ftrikcnoiliing i I pray you, — 

Pro. I Tay, forbear: friend F'akntine^ a word. 

Vd. My ears are ftopt, and cannot hear good news ; 

So much of bad already hath poffctl them. M 

Pro, Then in dumb filence will I bury mine ; I 

For they arc harlh, untuneable, and bad. I 

VaL Is Sihia dead ? I 

Pre, No, yakntme, I 

Vd. No yalenrifitt indeed, for facrcd ^//fw / I 

Hath fhe forfworn me ? m 

Pro. No, Vd^num, I 

yd. No Vdentin^^ if Sihia liave forfworn me ! I 

What is your news ? ■ 

Laun, Sir, there's a proclamation that you are ■ 

vanilh'd. ■ 

Pro. That thou art banifh*d ; oh, that i.s the news. 

From hence, from Silvia^ and from me thy friend. 

Fd, Oh, I have fed upon this woe already ; ■ 

And now exccfs of it will make me furleit- I 

Doth Silvia know that I am banilhed ? M 

Pro, Ay, ay ; and Ae hath offcr'd to the doom* ■ 

Which unrcvcrs'd ftands in effectual force, I 

_ A lea of melting peari, which fome call tears : I 

■jThofc at her father's churliih feet ffae tcnder'd, I 

^^^With them» upon her knees, her humble fclf v ■ 
[ Wringing her liands, whofe whitcnels fo became them, 
^^ P 4 Ap 

2x6 7he Two Gentlemen <?/" Verona. 

As if but now they waxed pale for wo. 
But neither bended knees, pure hands held np. 
Sad fighs, deep groans, nor filver-lhedding tears. 
Could penetrate her uncompaffionate Sire \ 
But Valentine^ if he be ta"en, muft die. 
Befides, her interceflion chaPd him fo. 
When Ihe for thy repeal was fuppliant. 
That to dofe priibn he commanded her. 
With many bitter threats of 'biding there. 

VaL No more j unlefs the next word that thou 
Have fome malignant power upon my life : 
If fo, I pray thee, breathe it in mine ear, ^ 

As ending anthem of my endlcfs dolour, 

Pro, Ceafe to lament for that thou canft not hdp. 
And ftudy help for that which thou lament'ft. 
Time is tne nurfe and breeder of all good : 
Here if thou ftay, thou canlt not fee thy love ; 
Befides, thy ftaying will abridge thy life, 
Hope is a lover's ftafF ; walk hence with that ; 
And manage it againft defpairing thoughts. 
Thy letters may be here, tho' thou art hence. 
Which, being writ to me, ftiall be dcliver'd 
Ev*n in the milk-white bofom of thy love. 
The time now ferves not to expoftulate ; 
Come, I'll convey thee through the city-gate % 
And, ere I part with thee, confer at large 
Of all that may concern thy love-affairs : 
As thou lov*ft Sihia^ tho* not for thyfelf. 
Regard thy danger, and along with me. 

VaL I pray thee, Launce^ an* if thou feeft my boy, 
Pkl him make hafte, and meet me at the north-gate. 

Pro. Go, Sirrah, find him out : come, Valentine. 

Yal O my dear Silvia ! haplcfs Valentine ! 

r£,v^«ff/ Valentine and Prothcus. 


The Two Gentlemen of Verona. 21 




<* * Lam. I am but a fool, look you, and yet I 
** have the wit to tliink my maftcr is a kind of a 
** knave: but that*s all one, if he be bur one kind 
He lives not now that knows me to be in love» yet 
I am in love ; but a team of horfe Ihall not pluck 
thai from me, nor who *tis I love, and yet 'ds a 
** woman \ but what woman I will not teJi mylelf^ 
** and yet 'tis a milk-m^d ; yet *&s not a maid, for 
** ihe hath had golfips; yet ^tis a maid, for Jhc 
** bher nufter's maid, and fervea for wages: fiic 
" hath more qualities than a water-Jpanicl* which is 
** much in a bare chnftian. Here is the cat-log 
" \Puliing out afaper} of her condidons; Imprmhy 
*' ihc can fetch and cany 5 why, a horfe can do no 
** more j nay, a horfe cannot fetch, but only cany ; 
** tlicrefore Ihe is better than a jade, Itemy (he can 
** milk \ look you, a fweet virtue in a maid with 
** clean hands- 

Enicr Speed. 

Spnd, How now, figmor Latmce? what ncw3 with 
your maftcrlhip ? 
♦ Lauh, With my maftcr*s Ihip? why, it is at fea. 

J L^un. Inmhuinfi&l^ leak yam, Anipt I ba'v4 ih^'mU to thi»k 
ffiy majfir is a kind o/Antf-vf : fuf that^s alt ttni^ if hi he hur one 
knate. ] where ti ih« fervfc, of, \t you won't allow the Sp«J:c/ 
chat, where ia tlie huniour of this fperch ? Nolliing liAd given 
the fool occafion to fufpeft that his oiaftrr was become double, 
lik« Anti^hoih in tht OmiJy •f^rr^ru The laft word is corrupt. 
Wc <bou]d read. 

tf h4 hi has Mt KIND. 

He thought his miller W3\ a iinj of iaa'vf ; however, he kecpp 
hLmfcIf in countciancc with this reflexion, iKit if he was a knave 
Smi 0/ 9tit kind, he mtglvt p.-vfswdl enough asKkflgft hii ncigh- 
bourt' Thi& ia iruly humourous. 

4 With my ata/tr^jj^if}] Thii pan rtftorcd by Mr* Theohaid. 



2 1 8 7%e 7^0 Gemlemen of Verona. 

speed. Well, your old vice ftiU ; miftakc the word : 
what news then in your paper ? 

Laun. The blackeft news that ever thou heard'ft. 

Speed, Why, man, how black ? 

Lautt, Why, as black as ink. 

Speed, Let me read them, 

Laun, Fie on thee, jok-head, thoucan'ft not read. 

Speed. Thou lyeft, I can. 

Laun. I will try thee ; tell me this, who begot thee i 

Speed. Marry, the fon of my grand-father. 

Laun. O illiterate loiterer, it was the fon of dif 
grand-mother ; this proves, that thou canft not read. 

Speed. Come, fool, come, try me in thy paper. 

Laun, There, and * St. Nicholas be thy fpeed ! 

Speed. Imprimis^ fhe can milk. 

Laun. Ay, that (he can. 

Speed. Item^ fhe brews good ale. 

Laun. And thereof comes the provo-b, Bkffingof 
your heart, you brew good ak. 

Speed, Item^ (he can fowe. 

Laun. That's as much as to fay, Canjhe fof 

Speed. Item^ (he can knit. 

Laun. What need a man care for a ftock -vnth a weiidi» 
when (he can knit him a ftock! 

Speed. Item^ fhe can waih and fcour. 

Laun. A fpecial virtue, for then (he need not to be 
wa(h'd and (cour*d. 

Speed. Item, fhe can (pin. 

Laun: Then may I fet the world on wheels, when 
(he can (pin for her living. 

Speed. Item, ilie hath many namelefs virtues. 

Laun. That's as much as to fay, Bajiard Virtues^ 
that, indeed, loiow not their fathers, and therefore have 
no names. 

i; St. Nicholis ^e thf fpeed'\ St. Nicholas presided o«r 
Scholars, who were thercfoie called St. Nicbolas*^ Chris. Hence, 
by a qaibble between Nicholas and Old Nid, Hiffhwa/-inen, ia 
liiC £r)t pa:; of IJerry the fourlb, arc called NichSas'j Clerks. 



The "Iwo Gentlemen ^Verona. 219 

Speed. Here follow her vices. 

Laun. Clofe at the heels of her virtues. 

Speed. Item^ ftie is not to be kift tafting, in rcfpcft 
of her breath. 

Laun, Well, that fault may be mended withabreak- 
faft : read on. 

Speed, Item^ fhe hath a fweet mouth. 

Laun, That makes amends for her four breath. 

Speed. Jtem^ fhe doth talk in her deep. 

Laun. It's no matter for that, fo Ihe fleep not in 
her talk. 

Speed. Itemy fhe is flow in words. 

Laun. O villain ! that fet down among her vices ! 
to be flow in words is a woman's only virtue : I pray 
thee, out with't, and place it for her chief virtue. 

Speed. Itemy fhe is proud. 

Launi Out with that too : it was Eve'*% legacy, and 
cannot be ta'en fi-om her. 

Speed. Itemy fhe hath no teeth. 

Laun. I care not for that neither, becaufe I love 

Speed. Itemy fhe is curft. 

Lmin. Well, the beft is, fhe hath no teeth to bite. 

Speed. Item, fhe will often praiie her liquor. 

Laun. If her liquor be good, fhe fhall ; if fhe will 
not, I vnll ; for good things fhould be prmfed. 

Speed. liemy fhe is too liberd. 

Laun. Of her tongue fhe cannot, for that's writ 
down, fhe's flow of; of herpurfe fhe fhali not, for 
that I'll keep fhut ; now of another thing fhe may, 
juid that cannot I help. Well, proceed. 

Speed. Itemy fhe hath more hairs than wit, and 
more faults than hairs, and more wealth than feults. 

Laun, " Stop here ; I'll have her ; fhe was mine, 
** and not mine, twice or thrice in that article, Re- 
•• hearfe that once more. 
Sfeid. Item^ fhe hath more Imr than wi£, 


220 lUfe Two Gentlemen of Verona. 

Laun, More hair tlian wit, it may b« ; I'll prove 
it: the cover of the fait hides the fait, and therefore 
it is more than the lalt ; the h^, that covers the wit, 
is more than the wit j for the greater hides the lefs. 
What's next ? 

Speed. And more faults than hairs. 

Laun. That's monftrous : oh, that that were out! 

Speed. And more wealth than feults. 

Laun. Why, that word makes the feults gracious: 
well, ril have her ; and if it be a match, as nochtog is 
impoffible— — 

Speed, What then? 

Laun. Why then will I tell thee, that thy mafter 
(lays for thee at the north-gate. 

Speed. For me? 

Laun. For thee ? ay ; who art thou ? he hath ftaid 
for a better man than thee. 

Speed. And muft I go to him ? 

Laun. Thou muft run to him, for thou haft (laid lb 
long, that going will fcarce fcrve the turn. 

Speed. Why didft not tell me fooner? pox on your 
love-letters ! 

Laun. Now will he be fvnng'd for reading my 
letter : an unmannerly flave, that will thruft himfeU* 
into feaets.^— - I'll after, to rejoice in the boy's cor- 
reftion. [EsftmiL 


Enter Duke and Thurio. 

Duke. SiiThuriOy fear not, but that fhc will love 
Now Valentine is banifh'd from her fight. 

Thu. Since his exile Ihe hath dcipis'd me moft, 
Forfworn my company, and rail'd at me. 
That I am delpcrate of obtiuning her. 
Duke, This weak imprefs of love is as a figure 


TT>e Two Gentlemen of Verona. 

Trtnchcd in icc^ which with an hour's heat 
Difiblves to water, and dotli lofe his iurtn. 
A Uctle time will melt her frozen thoughts. 
And woithlefe Vdlentint fliall be forgot. 

Enttr Protlicus. 

How now. Sir Prcthius? Is your countrynian. 
According to our proclamation, gone ? 

Pro, Gone, my good lord, 

Duke. My daughter cakes his going heavily. 

Pr&, A Uttle timCj my lord, will kill that grief. 

Duke. So I believe j but Tburh thinks not To. 
ProibeuSj die good conceit I hold of thee, 
( For diou haft fhown fome fign of good defert) 
Makes me the better to confer with thee, 

Pf&, Longer than I prove loyal to your Grace, 
Let me not live to look upon your Grace. 

Duke. Thou Icnow'ft^ how willingly I would efFeft 
The match between Sir 7T?urio and my daughter. 

pre, I do, niy lord. 

DuJtc, And alio, 1 do thinks thou art not ignorant 
How fhe oppofcs her againfl my will. 

Pro^ She did, my lord^ when yakniiffe was here. 

Dmke, Ay, and pcrverfely fhe perfcveres fo. 
"What might we do to make the girl forget 
The love of Vakniine^ and love Sir Thuric? 

Pre, The beft way is to flantier Valattine 
With fatfhood, cowardice, and poor dcfcent: 
Three thbgs that women highlv hold in hate. 

Duke. Ay, but fhe*ll think, that it 5s fpoke in hate. 

Prtf. Ay, if his enemy deliver it : 
Therefore it muft, with circumftance, be fpokcn 
By one, whom flic cfteemeth as his friend. 

Duke. Then you muft undertake to flandcr him. 

Pro, And tlut, my lord, I fliall be loth to do j 
*Tis an ill office for a gentleman \ 
Efpeciaify, againft hia very friend. 




The Two Gentk^nen of Verona, 

Duki, Where your good word cannoc advanta 

Your flaader never can endamage him ) 
Therefore the office is indifferent. 
Being inrrcaced to ic by your friend. 

Pro, You have prevaii'd, my lord : if I can do i^ 
By aught that I can (peak in his difpraife, 
She ihall not long continue love to him. 
* But fay, this weed her love from Vakntine^ 
It follows noc, that fhe will love Sir Timri&. 

Thu, Therefore as you unwind her love from 
Left it fhould ravel, and be good to none, 
You nniifl: provide to bottom it on me : 
Which muft be done, by praifing me as much 
As you in worth difpraifc Sir Fakntifie. 

Duke. And, Prothms-, we dare truft you in this 
Becaufe we know, on VaUntine*^ report, 
You arc already love's firm votary ; 
And cannot loon revolt and change your mind. 
Upon this warrant, fiiall you have accefs. 
Where you with Silvia may confer at I^ge : 
For fhe is lumpllh, heavy, melancholy, 
And, for your friend's fake, will be glad of you 
Where you may temper her, by your perfuafi 
To hate young Valentine^ and love my friend* 

Pro. As much as I can do, I will effeft, 
But you, Sir T'hurio^ arc not iharp enough j 
You muft lay lime, to tangle her defires. 
By wailful fonnets, whole compofed rhimes 
Should be full fraught with fcrviceabic vows. 

Duk€, Much is the force of hcav'n^brcd poefie. 

Pr&. " Say, that upon the alcar of her beauty^ 
*' You facrificc your tears, yourfighs, your he 

6 But fay^ thh wftj her Imit fnm Valentine, 
h falh*uit Mor, thatjhe wjY/ Uvt Sir Thario. 

Rldiculuni caput. Quafi neceffe fit, 

Si huic tion dar, tt i!Lim uxorcm dacere. Ttr Jm 

" Wi 


7%e Two Gentkfnen of Verona. 

'* Write, *tUl your ink be dry \ and wkh your tears 
** Moift ic again ; and frame lame feeling line, 
<* That may difcover fuch integriry : 
*' T For Orpheus^ lute was (bung with poct*s fmcvt's ; 
** Whofe golden toucfi could ibften fleel and ftoncs, 
** Make tygcrs tame, and huge Leviathans 
*^ Forfake unfounded deeps to dance on fands. 
After your dire-lamenting tlegicSi 
Vifit by night your lady's chamber window 
With fome fwcet confort : to their inftrumcnts 
Tune a deploring dump ; the night*s dead filence 
Will well become fuch fweet complaining grievance* 
This, or elfe nothing, will inherit her, 

Duke, This dilcipline fiiews, tJiou haft been in love. 

Tbu. And thy advice this night I'll put in pra^Hcc. 
Therefore, fweet Protbeus^ my dircftion-giver, 
Let us into the city prefcntly 
To fort fome gentlemen well skilFd in mufick \ 
I have a fonner, that will ferve the turn. 
To give the oalet to thy good advice, 

Duh. About it, gentlemen. 

Pro, We'll wait upon your Grace, 'til) after fuppcr \ 
And aftei^wards determine our proceedings. 

Duke. Ev'n now about it, I will pardon you, 


7 Tpr Orplicu)* Imtt nvai Jfrung 'with poefi fincwJ-] Thi« 
JhewA 5Atfi^/^fir*8 knowledge of antiquity. He hcic ;<flJgos Or- 
^fM/ hii true charaftcr of Icgifliitor, For under that of a pwt 
only, ox lover, ibc quility given to hU lute u unimciligibk-. 
fiulf confifJcred u a lawjEiver, thr chougKt h noble, anU the 
imagery cxquifitely bnucmiK For by liii iuti u to b= undcrllood 
Jiij fyfitm &/ loMtt: and by ihc^a«*i/«w/, the pmvcr ot num- 
bcr>, which Qr^htui a^uaJly cmployecl in thofc bwj to mtlcc 
them nctived by a fierce tnd baut»»rous people. 



a24> Tie Two Gentlemen of Verona. 

A C T IV. S C E N E I 

j1 Forejiy leading tmvards Mantua, 

Enstr certain Out'lawSw 
I Out-law. 

FELLOWS^ ftandfiift: I fee a paQcnger. 
2 Out, If there be ten, fhrink not* but doi 
with *eiD, 

Enter Valentine and Speed. 

3 Out. Stand, Sir, and throw us what you 
about you ; if nor, we'll make you, Sir^ and rifl^ 
you. '"''^^ 

Speed, Sir, we are undone ; thcfe are tbe 
that all the travellers do fear fo much, 

Val My friends, 

1 Out. That's not fo, Sir J we are your enemST 
a Out, Peace \ we'll hear him. 

3 Out. Ay, by my beard, will we ; for he is a proper 

VaL Then know, that I have litde wealth co 
A man I am, crofs*d with adverfity i 
My riches are thefe poor habiliments, 
Of which if you fliould here disfurnifh me. 
You take the fum and fubftancc that I have, 

2 Out. Whither travel you? 
VaL To Verona. 
I Out, Whence came you ? 
VaL From Milan. 

3 Out. Have you long fojoum*d there ? 

VaL Some fixteen mon&s i and longer might 
If crooked fortune had not thwarted me* 

I Out. What, were you banifh'd thence ? 

j7je Two Gentlemen of Verona; 

VuL I was, 

2 Out, For what offence ? 

Val^ For chat, which now torments mc to rchcarfc : 
1 killM a man, whofe death I much repent \ 
But yet I flew him manfulJy in fight* 
Without falfe vantage or bafc treachery, ' ; 

I Oui, Why ne'er repent it, if it were done fb. 
But were you banifh'd for fo fmaU a fault ? 

YaL I was, and held mc glad of foch a doom« 

I Out. Have you the tongues ? 

Vd. My youdiftil travel therein made me happy. 
Or eJfc I often had been miferablc. 

3 Out. By die bare fcaJp of Robin Hqq$% fat friar. 
This fellow were a king for our 'wild faction. 

1 Out, Wc'U have him* Sirs* a word. 

Sptsd. MaAer, be one of them : it's an honourable 
kind of thievery* 

Vol, Peace, vili^ 

a 0%a» Tell us this J have you any thing to take to ? 

V&U Nothing* but my forcunc. 

3 Out. Know then, that fome of us are gentlcmea. 
Such as the fury of ungovern*d youth 
Thruft from the company of awful men ; 
Myfelf was from Verona banifh'd. 
For pra^liling to fteaJ away a lady. 
An heir, and ncice ally*d unto the Duke. 

2 Out. And 1 from Mantua^ for a gentleman 
Wbom^ in my mood, I flabb'd unto the heart* 

1 Out And I for fuch like petty oimes aa the& 
But to the purpole ; for we cite our faults. 

That they may hold cxcus'd our lawlds lives j 
And, partly, feeing you are beautify'd 
With goodly fhape, and by your own report 
A linguill \ and a man of fuch per^:£Bon» 
Ai we do in our quality much want ; *■ ■ 

2 Out, Indeed, becaufe you are a banifh^d man. 
Therefore, above the rell, we parley co you ^ 

Vol. J. CL A« 

226 TZrf 7h:o Ge?itlemen of Verona. 

Arc you content to be our General ? 

To make a virtue of ncccHky, 

And live, as wc do, in the wildcrBcfs ? 

3 Ota. What fcy'ft thou? wilt thou be of ow 
confort ? ~~ 

Say» ay \ and be the captain of us all : 
We'll do thee homage, and be rui'd by thcc j 
Love thee as our commander, and our king. 

t Out. But if thou icom our courtclie, thou dy^ft, 

2 Out. Thou Jhalt not live to br^ miiat we hive 

VaL I take your offer, and will live inrich you ; 
Proi'idcd, that you do no outrages 
On filly women, or poor paifengers. 

3 OuL No, we deceft fuch vile bafc prafiices. 
Conic, go with us, we'll bring thee to our crews. 
And fhew thcc all the trcafure we have got j 
Which, with ourfelves, iliall reft at thy difpofe. 



Changes to an Cfpm Place, under SilvJa'r 
Apartment^ in Milan, 

Enter Prothcus, 

Pn. A Lready IVe been filfe co Vakniine^ 

-** And now I muft be as iinjuft to nttrioJ 
Under the colour of commending him, 
I have acccfs my own love to prefer : 
But Silvia is too fair, too true, too holy. 
To be corrupted with my worthlefs giftSi 
When I proccft true loyalty to her, 
She twits me with my fdflaood to my friend \ 
When to her beauty I commend my vows. 
She bids me think, how I have been forfwotn 
In breakii^g &ith with Julia whom I lov^d. 



77>i Two Gentlemen of Vetona. it 

Andf notwIdiRandmg aJ] her fuddcn quips^ 

The leaft whereof would quell a lover's hope» 

Yet, fpanicl-like, the more Jhe fpunis my love^ 

The more it grows, and fiiwncdi on her ftill. 

But here comes Ttngria : now muft wc co her window. 

And give fome evening mufick to her ear, 

Enier Thurio anJ Mt^am. 

How nowj Sir Prothms^ are you crept be* 
fore us ? 

Pro, Ay, gentle 51&kw ; for, you kjiow^ riut lore 
Wil] creep in fervice where it cannot go. 

Tbu. Ay» but 1 hopCj Sir, that you love not here. 

Pre, Sir, bat I do ^ or tlie 1 would be hence. 

tbu. Whom, Silvia f 

Pro. Ay, Silvia^ for your fake. 

Titf. I thank you, for your own: now, gentlemen, 
Let's tunc, and co it lulbiy a while. 


^^ Enisr Hoji^ and Julia in be/s ckath. 

Hoji. Now, my young gueft, methinks, you're ally- 
cholly : I pray you, why is it ? 

JuL Marry, mine hoft, becaufe I cannot be merry. 

Hpjt. Come, weUihave you merry; I'll bring yoa 
where you fhali hear muHck, and &£ the gentleman 
dm you ask'd for. 

Jut, But (hall I hear him fpcak ? 

H&ji. Ay, that you {hall. 

JuL Tlxat will be mufick- 

Hofi. Hark, hark! 

JnL Is he among thefc ? 

H^fi. Ay i but peace, kt*s hc«r •em. 



228 Tie T'zo Gentlemen if Vcrona« 


fFbo is Silvia ? 'xcat isfie^ 

Tbat all cur ficaixs csmmtad ber ? 

Hchj fczr, end vnfe isfise ; 

ibe biov'nfttcb grace did laid ber^ 
Tta Jbr mtgbt admred be. 

h ft>e kind, as Jbe is fair f 

For beauty lives with hndsufs^ 
Lfive dctb to ber ejes refdr^ 

I'o belp kim ef bis blistdmpz 

jbtd, bei/ig belf% iubMis Aert, 

fben to Silvia let usfir^^ 

Tbat Silvia is excelling ; 
Sbe excels each mortal tbitf 

Upon the dull eartb dmeBisig: 
To ber let us garlands bring^ 

Hoft, How now ? are you (adder dim you were 
before ? how do you, man i the mufick likes you noc. 

JuL You tniftake ; the mufidan likes nc not. 

Hoft. Why, my pretty youth ? 

JuL He plays falie, father. 

Hoft, How, out of tuneondieftrings? 
. Jul. Not fo ; but yet fo Me, that he gncves my 
very heart-ftcings. 

Hoft, You have a quick car. 

Jul, Ay, [ would 1 were deaf! k makes ine have 
a flow heart. 

Hoft, I perceive, you delight not in mufick. 

Jul, Not a whit, when it jars fo. 

Hoft, Hark, what fine change is in the nuifick. 

Jul. Ay '^ that change is the ^»ght. 

Hoft. You would have them always play but one 
thing ? 

JuL I wouU always have one play but one dung. 

T'&e Two Gentlemen of Verona. 229 

But» hoft, doth this Sir Pntheus^ that wc talk Ofi, 
Often reforc unto this gentlewoman ? 

Hoft. I tell you what Launce^ his man, told mc, he 
* lov"d her out of all nick. 

Jul. Where is Launce ? 

Hqft. Gone to feck his dog, which to-morrow, by 
his mafter's command, he mull carry for a prefcnt to 
his lady. 

Jul. Peace, ftand afide, rhe company parts. 

Pro. Sir Tburio^ fear not you ; I will fo plead, 
That you fliali fay, my cunning drift excels. 

7hu, Where meet we ? 

Pro, At St. Gregory*% well. 
^^ J'^*- Farewel. {Extum Thurio md MuficL 

H S C E N E IV. 

^^^■T Silvia ak^Cy at bcr window, 

^^Fro, Madam, good even to your ladyfhip. 

S:L 1 thank you for your mufick, gentlemen: 
Who is that, that fpokc ? 

Pro. One, kdy, if you knew his pure hearths tnich. 
You'd quickly learn to know him by his voice. 

Sri. Sir ProtbeuSy as I rake it. 

Pro. Sir Pmhetaj gentle lady, and your fcrvant. 

SiL What is your will ? 

pro. That V may compafs yours, 

Sa, You have your wilh j my will is even diis, 
That prclcnrly you hie you home to bod. 
Thou fubtle, pcrjur'd, ialic, ditloyai man ? 
Think'il thou, 1 am fo fhallow^ lo concciilefs, 
To be fcduccd by thy flattery, 
That halt decdv*d fu many with rhy vows ? 
Return, return, and make thy love amende. 

t /vofV htr 9ui of nU nid^l t ^ Out of nW Count I that u« 
;:rava^4ncly* A [ihr&fe taken ftcnn accounts whcti ctUuUtWn* 
re rnade by nicbng on numbers upoQ x Hick. 

0^3 For 

z;iQ 7h^ Tk'O Gentlemen of Verona. 

For me, by this pale queen of nigbt, I fwear, 
f am fo far from granting thy rcqu'.ft^ 
I'hac ) dcipife thee for thy wrongful iuic i 
And, by and by, intend to chide myfclf, 
Ev'n for this time I fpend in talking to thee 

Prif, I grant, fweet love, chat 1 did love a hbAf\ 
But Ae is dead. 

Jul. yjide] 'Twere faFe, if I fliould fpeak it^ ^M 
For, I am fure, ihe is not buried. ^^ 

Sil: Say, that fhc be i yet Valennne^ thy friend^ 
Survives; to whom, thyfelf art wknds, 
I am betroath'dj and arr thou noe aiham*d 
To wrong him with rhy importunacy? 

Pra» I likewife hear, that FaUnune is dead, 

SiL And fo, fuppofe, am I ; for in his gra^ 
Affurc thyfelf^ my Jove is buried^ 

Prtf. Sweet lady, let me rake it from the 

Sil, Go to thy lady's grave and call her thcrxr^ 
Of at the leaft, in hers fcpulchrc thine. V 

Jul, [afidc] He heard not that. ^ 

Pro. iVladam, if that your heart be lb obduratet 
Vouchlafe me yet your pifture for my love, 
T*he picture that is hanging in your diamber : 
To that rillpcak, to that I'll figh .isrd wt^ep: 
For fincc the Tubftance of your pcrtid fcif 
h elfc devoted, 1 am but a Iliadow \ 
And to your fhadow will I make true tove* 

JuL y/fdi^ If *twcreafubrtance, you would. Cure, 
deceive it> 
And make it but a (hadow, as I am. 

SiL Vm very loadi to be your idol, Sir \ 
But fmce your falfhood (hall become you well 
To worlhip (hadows, and adore falfc fhapes \ 
Send to me m the morning, and Til fend it : 
And fo, good reft. 
, PrQ. As wretches have o*cr night, 
Thai wait for execution in the mom. 

[Exeuni Protheus dndS\ 


"The Two Gentlemen of Verona. 

Jul. Hoft^ will you go? 

Hofi, ^y my haJlidom, I was fell afleep. 

Jui Pray you, where lies Sir Pretheus ? 

Hoft. Marry, «t my houfc: oruft me, I think, 'ds 
almoft day* 

Jui Not fo i but it hath been the longeft night 
That e'er I watch *d, and the moll hcavieft. {Exeunt. 




■ S C E 

^f Enter Eglamour. 

EgL This is the hour that Madam Sihia 
Entreated mc to call, and know her mind : 
There's fome great matter flie'd employ me in. 
Madam, Madam! 

Silvia aicve^ at her window, 

SiL Who calls ? 

EgL Your fervant, and your friend ; 
One that attends your ladylhip's command. 

Sil. Sir Eglamour^ a thoufand times good nionuw. 

EgL As many, worthy lady, to yourfelf; 
According to your ladylhip's impofe, 
I am thus early come, to know what fcrvioe 
It is your plcafure to command me in. 

Sii. O Egkmoury thou art a gentleman, 
(Think not 1 Batter, for, I fwear, I do not) 
Valiant and wife, rcmorfcful, well accompli/h'd j 
Thou art nor ignorant, what dear good will 
I bear unto the baniih'd Vakntine; 
Nor how my father would enforce me marry 
Vain Thurhy whom my very foul abhon'd. 
Thyfclf haft lov'di and I have heard thee fay, 
No grief did ever come fo near thy heart, 
As when thy lady and thy tme love dy'd ; 
Upon whofc grave thou vow'dft pure chaftity^ 
Sir Eglamour y I would to FalfnU/jfj 

Q4 Td 

232 Tie Tito Gentlemen of Verona. 

To Mantua^ where, I hear, he makes abode r 

And, for the ways are dangerous to pafs, 

I do de{ire thy wonhy company ; 

-Upon whofc faith and honour I repofe. 

Urge not my father's anger, Eglamour ; 

But think u^n my grie^ a lady's grief; 

And on the juftice of my flying hence ; 

To keep me from a molt unholy match. 

Which heav'n 2nd fortune (till reward with plagues* 

I do dcfire thee, even from a heart 

As full of forrows as the fea of lands. 

To bear me company, and go with me;» 

If not, to hide what I have laid to thee. 

That I may venture to depart alone. 

EgL Madam, I pity much your grievances.; 
Which, fmce, I know, dicy virtuoufly are plac'd, 
I gve confent to go along with you -, 
Recking as little what bctideth me. 
As much I wifh ail good befortune you. 
When will you go ? 

Sil, This evening coming. 

Egl, Where fliall I meet you ? 

5/7. At friar P^nVife's cell ; 
Where I intend holy confeflion. 

£^/- I will not fail your ladylhip: 
Good morrow, gentle lady. 

SiL Good morrow, kind Sir Eglamoitr. [Examt. 


Enter Launcc av/i& bis Dog, 
* When a man's fcrvant (hall play the cur with him, 
' look you, it goes hard : one that I brought up of a 
' puppey, one that I fav*d from drowning, when three 

* or four of his blind brothers and lifters went to it ! I 

* have. taught him, even as one would fay precilely, 

* thus I would teach a dog, I went to deliver him, as 
*■ a pre- 

The Two Gentlemen ^Verona. 

a prefent to millrefs J rfcxtf from my mafter; and I 
came nofooner into the dining-chamber, but he ftcp* 
me to her trencher, and ftcals her capon's leg. O, 
*iis a foul thing, when a cur canngt kcqj himfelf in 
all companies! I would have, as one Ihould %, one 
chat takes upon him to be a dog indecd> to be^ as-it 
were, a dog at all things. If | had no more v?3t 
than he^ to take a fault upon me that he did, I think 
verily, he had been hang*d for't ; fure as I livr, he 
had fufferM for't-, you fhall judge. Hcthrufts mt 
himfelf into the company of three or four gentleman- 
like dogs, under the Duke** tabk : he had not been 
there (blefe the mark) a pifllng whiJe, but all the 
chamber fmelt him. Out with the dog* lays one; 
\ cur is chat? fays another j whip him out, fays 
the third \ hang him up, fays the Duke, I» haying 
been acquainted with the fmeH before, knew it was 
Crah-i and goes me to the fellow that whips chedogj \ 
Friend, quoth I, you mean to whip the dog? Ay, 
marry, do I, quoch he» You do him the more 
wrong, quoth I \ 'twas I did the thing you wot of. 
He makes no more ado, but whips me out of the 
chamber. How many maficrs would do this for 
their fervant? nay, I'll be fworn, I have fat in the 
ftocks for the puddings he hath ftoll*n, ochenvifc he 
had been executed ; I liavc flood on the pillory for 
the gcefe he hath kill'd, otherwifc he had fuffer'd 
fur't. Thou think'ft not of this novp^. Nay, I re* 
member the crick you fcrv'd me» * when I took my 
leave of Madam JuUa \ did not I bid thee flill mark 
me, and do as 1 do ? when didft thou fee me heave 
up my legi and make water againft a gentlewoman's 
artUnfrale ? didft thou ever fee me do fuch a trick? 


3 aw/f»j / /wl mf ha^f tf Madam S 1 1, v j a ;} Wc Ihould cer- 
tainly read J i< J. I A. meaning vviicn bis uutlcr aiui Kc Icfl yir$m^^ 




*234* ^^ ^^ Gentlemen ^t^erona. 


£Mtet Prothcus and JuUa. 

Pro. Sibaftiojt is thy name ? I like thee welJ ; 
And will imploy thee in feme fervice prdcndy. 

JuL In what you plcafc: PH do, Sir, what \ 

Fro. I hupe^ thou wilt*— How now, you chorda 
"Where nave you been rhefe two days loitering ? 

L^un. Marry ^ir, 1 carry'd miftrefs Sihia the do^ 
you bad me. 

pro. And what fays fheto my litdc jewel ? 

Laun. Marry, fhe lays, your dog was a cur; ai^ 
cells you, curitQi thanks is good enough for fuch a 

Ptq, But flic recciv'd my dog ? ^H 

Lawt. Noj indeed, fhc did not ; here have I brou^H 
him back again. 

Pre. What, didft thou offer her this from me? 

LaufJ, Ay, Sirv the other fquirTcl was ftoll'n 
me by the hangman*s boy in the market-place; 
dien I offer*d her mine own, who is a dog sk$ btg 
ten of yours, and therefore the gift the grearcr. 

Pn. Go, get thee hence, and lind my dog again. 
Or ne^er return again into my fight: 
Away, i fay : ftay'ft thou to vex me here? 
A Have, that, ftill an end> turns nie to fhame. 

Sebajiian^ I have entertained thee, 
Partly, that I hive need of fuch a youth j 
That can with fome difcretion do my bufmels 
(For *cis no fruiting to yon fooh(h lowt :} 
But, chiefly, for thy fece and thy behaviour -, 
"Which, if my augury deceive me not, 
W itnefs good bringing up, fortune and truth : 
Jherelbre know thouj for this I cntenain tlice 

Tie Tho Gentlemen of Verona. 

Co prefcntly, and take this ring with theci 

Deliver it to Matkm Silvia. 

She lov'd me well^ delivered ic to me» 

Jul. \i fccms, you lov'd not her, to fcave her token : 
She's dead, belike. 

Prtf. Not fo : I think, Ihe lives. 

Jul Ah%\ 

Pro. Why do'ft thou cry, alas? 

Jui I cannot chufc but piry her. 

Pro, Wherefore fhouldft thou pi^ her? 

Jul. Bccaufe, methinks, that ihe bv*d you as well 
As you do love your lady Silvia : 
She dreams on him, that has for^t her love ; 
You doat on her, that cares not for your love* 
*Tis pity, Jove fhould be fo contrary ; 
And, thinking on it, makes me cry, ala*i 

Prs, Well, give her that ring, and ^vc therewthal 
This letter; that's hiT chamber: tell my lady, 
I ckim the promife for her heav'niy pifturc. 
Your meflage done, hie home unto my chamber. 
Where thou ihalt find me fad and folitary. 

[Exit Protheus. 


JuL How many women would do fuch a mefljge? 
Aiat, poor Pn:':eus^ thou haft entertained 
A fox to be the fticpherd of thy lambs : 
Alas, poor fool, why do I piiy him, 
Thar with his very heart defpift^th mc ? 
Bccauic he loves her, he defpifcth me ; 
Bccaufe I love him, I muft pity him : 
This ring I gave him, when he parted from me. 
To bind liim to remember my good wiU* 
And now I am, unhappy mcdengpr. 
To plead for that, which \ would not obtain ; 
To carry that, which I would have rdus*d; 


*% /^ m 


7%e Two GentUfKen of Verona. 

To praifc his faith, which I would have diiprats*d. 
I dm my mafter's true confirnied iove^ 
But cannot be true fervanc to my maftcr, 
Unlefs I prove falfe traitor to mylclf. 
Yet will I woo for him, but yet fo coldJy, 
Asj heav'n it knows, I would not have him Ip 

Enttr Silvia. 

Lady, good day \ I pray you, be my mean 
To bring mc where to fpcak with Madam Sshis. 

Sil, What would you with her, if that I be flic? 

Jul. If you be flic, I do inrreat your patience 
To hear tnc fpeak the meflage 1 am fcnt on. 

SiL From whom ? 

Jul, From my mafler. Sir Protheus^ Madam, 

SiL Oh ! he fends you for a pitfturc ? 

Jul. Ay, Madam. 

Sil Urfula^ bring my pii5lure there. 
Go» give your mailer this: tell him from me. 
One Juliay that his changing thoughts foi^t. 
Would better fit his chamber than this fliadow. 
. Jul Madam, may't pleafe you to perulc this 
Pardon mcj Madam, I have unadvised 
Delivered you a paper thac I fhoultl not j ' 
This is the lener to your ladyfhip* 

SiL I pray thee, let me Jook on that again. 

JuL It may not be ^ good Madam, pardon mc.l 

SiL There, hold; 
I will not look upon your maftcr's hnes; 
I know, ihry're ftufft with protcftations. 
And full of new-found oaths ; which he will brcakj 
As eafily as I do tear bis paper. 

Jul. Madam, he fends your ladyfhip this ring. 

^'iL The mere fliamc tor ium^ that he fends it mci 
For, I have heard him fay a thoufand times. 
His Juha gave it him at his departure: 
Tho* his falfe finger have propiian*d the ring. 

The 7*wo Gentlemen <?/ Verona. 

Mine ftiall not do his Julia fo much wrong, 

Jul, She thanks you, 

SiL What fay'ft thou ? 

Jul. I thank you, Madam, that you tender her; 
Poor gentlewaman, my maftcr wrongs her much. 

Sii. Doft thou know her ? 

Jul, Almofl as well, as I do know myfelf. 
To think upon her woes, [ do proteft 
That I have wept an hundred fevcral times, 

Sii Belike, ihe think5> that Prctbeus hath forfook 

JuL I think, fhc doth; and that's hercaufe of Ibrrow. 

SiL Is fhe not paJTing fair? 

JuL She hath been fairer, Madam, than fhe Is: 
When fhe did think, my mafter lov^d her well^ 
She, in my judgment, was as fair as you. 
^ But fmce fhe did negledt her looking-glafs. 
And threw her fun-expelling mask away ; 
The air hath ftarv'd the rofes in her checks. 
And pitched the lilly-tinfture of her face. 
That now ihe is become as black as I. 

Sii How tall was ihe ? 

JuL About my ftature: for at Pentecofi^ 

3 Buf firtte Jhe did nrgUSi htr h^kin^-ghfi. 
And fhrfw htr {uncxpelling mask a*wsy% 
7in air hath Jlsr^'*d tbt rofes ia hfr ehffh, 
And FiNCH*0 th€ hlly HnBnrt 9/ htr face^ 
Thai ntnv /&e at hecome at black at /.J To ^arx*f the 
Rofcf » certainly a very proper (xprtRlon : but what t; sinthing a 
iifi^mrt? Hi^wty t f fi^r^ed^ in the third line, made the blandcring 
Ediiors write ^/ttri^Vio the fourth i tho* they might have fecn 
that ii mrai a tinning fcorcbi:ig, iv6c a freezing dr ehaC wai fpokeit 
of. For how could i^l> Utcer qHality in the «ir To affe£L the 
whiceaefs of the jkin a$ to rurfl it hhcle. We fhould rod^ 

And PtTCH'p tbt iiihf'ti^Burt of htr fact. 
/. #. turneiJ the whiK' tinflure h/ack, 2.3 chc following Uneh^u it* 

TJtut m^ Jht ft Attemt at black ^ / 
tsd we fAy. in comman fprech, tit hUek as pitch, — By eke 
fofe» Ixing/tfrvV, if ooJy moHit their being withered, «nd lofing 
thar cokar. 


238 7^ Two Gentlemen of Veronai 

When all our pageants of dclig^ were plaid. 
Our youth got me to play the woman's part. 
And I was trim'd in Madam JuU^s ^wn ; 
Which ferved me as fie, by all mens judgments. 
As if the garment had been made for me ; 
Therefore, I know, (he is about my hf^^t. 
And at that time I made her weep a-good» 
For I did play a lamentable part. 
Madam, 'twas ^/Wvr, pauioning 
For Tbefeus" perjury and unjuft flight; 
Which I fo lively aftcd with my tears. 
That my ^ooc miftrcfs, moved therewithal* 
Wept bitterly ; and, would I might be dead. 
If I in thou^ felt not her very ibrrow ! 

SiL She is beholden to thee, gentle youdu 
Alas, poor lady! deiolate and left! 
I weep myfelf, to think upon thy words. 
Here, youth, there is my purie ; I ^ve thee this 
For thy fweet miftreis' lake, becaule thou loVft her. 
Farewel. [Exit Silvia. 

Jul And Hie ihall thank you foPt, if t?<x you 
know her. 
A virtuous gentlewoman, mild and beautifiiL 
I hope, my mafter's fuit will be but cold ; 
Since Ihc rcfpcfts my miftrefs' love fo much, 
Alas ! how love can trifle with itfelf ! 
Here is her pifturc ; let me fee ; I think. 
If I had fuch a tire, this face of mine 
Were full as lovely as is this of hers : 
And yet the painter flatter'd her a little, 
Unlefs I flatter with myfelf too much. 
. Her hair is auburn, mine is pcrfcft yellow. 
If that be all the difFrence in his love, 
rU get mc fuch a colour'd periwig. 
Her eyes are grey as glafs, and fo are mine; 
Ay, but her forehead s low, and mine is hi^ 
What ihould it be, that he reipeAs in her. 


Tie Two Gentle^mn of Verona. 

But t can make refpcftive in myfeUi 

If this fond love were not a blinded god? 

Come, fliadow, come \ and take this !hadow up ; 

For 'tis thy rival. O thou fenfelefs formj 

Thou fhalc be worfhip'd, kifs'd, lov'd and ador*d 3 

And were there t^x\{^ in his idolatry, 

♦ My fubftance fiiould be ftatucd in thy ftead. 

ril ulc thee kindly for thy mtftrefs' fake. 

That us'd me fo ; or elfe, by J<rv€ I vow, 

I Oiould have fcratch'd out your unfeeing eyes. 

To make my mailer out of love with thee. [£^/, 



N^ar the 'Briar's Cf//, in Milan. 
Entir Eglamour. 


THE fun b^?ms to gild the weftem sky. 
And now it is about the very hour 
Sihia, at Friar Patrick*^ cell, fhould meet me. 
She will not fiiil 1 for lovers break not hours, 
Unlefs it be to come before their time : 
So much they fpur their expedition. 
Sec, where Ihe comes. Lady^ a haj^y evening. 

Enter Silvia, 

SiL Amen, Amen! Goon, good E^lamcvr^ 
Out at chepoftern by the abby-walli 
I fear» I am attended by fomc ipies. 

EgL Fear not i the foreft is not three leagues off; 
If we recover that^ we*re fore enough [Exatni, 

4 Afy /u/f^am^t fi^aid It ITATUB /a lA)f/«/] It H eridenC 
chit noun ihoul^j be a psnictple sTATvfti>r '• '• pUced on » pe- 
kcftal, or iixtd in ■ Oisiac to be odom). 


240 Ith^ T^'o Gentlemen of Verona, 


Cbafiges to an apartment in the Duie^s Palace, 

Enter Thurio, Protheus, a>id Julia. 
q'bu, Q I R Protbeus^ what lays Sikia to my fiik? 

3 Pro, Oh, Sir, I find her milder than Ihe wis. 
And yet (he takes exceptions at your perGxu 

^bu. What, that my leg is too long? 

Pro. No ; that it is too little. 
' Tbn, V\\ wear a boot to make it fome^^t rounder. 
- Pro, But love will not be fpurr*d to what it loadur 

yitf. What fays flie to my ftcc? 

Pro. She fays, it is a fair one. 

^bu. Nay, then the wanton lies ; my face b H ^ , 

Pro. But pearls are fair; and the old iayii^ is» 
*« Black men arc pearls in beauteoiis ladies' qrcs." 

Jul. 'Tis true, fuch pearls as put out ladies' eyes: 
For I had rather wink, than look on them. [jjfifr. 

^bu. How likes (he my dilcourfe? 

Pro. Ill, when you taUc of war. 

7biL But well, when I difcouric of love and peace? 

Jul. But better, indeed, when you hold your pracf- 

fbu. What fays Ihe to my valour? 

Pro. Oh, Sir, fhe makes no doubt of that. 

Jul She needs not, when fhe knows it cowardice. 

Tbu. What fays flie to my birth? 

Pro, That you are well derived. 

Jul. True ; from a gendeman to a fooL 

7hu, Confidcrs Ihe my poiTeffions ? 

Pro, Oh, ay, and pities them. 

^bu Wherefore ? 

Jul, That fuch an als ihould own them. 

Pro. That they arc out by leafc. 

Jul. Here comes the Duke. 


^$e 7w$ Gentlemen of Verona* i^t 

Mniir Duke. 1 

2}uh. How now. Sir i*r<?^^f Of? how now, liurhf 
Which of you ^w Sir Egkmour of tate ? j 

TtH, Not I. I 

Pro. Nor L | 

Duke* Saw you my daughter? 

Pro. Neither, I 

Duke. Why then j 

Shc*s fled unto that jUd&Sit Vakntine^ I 

And Eglamour is tn her company* 1 

'Tis true j for Friar Laurence met them both. 
As he in penance wandered through the foreft; 
Him he knew well, and gucfs^d that it was ihe; 
But, being mask'd, he was not fure of it. I 

Bclides, fhe did intend conftnian I 

At PutricFs, cell this Ev'n, and there flie was not: I 

Thcfe hkelihoods confirm her flight from hence. | 

Therefore, I pray you, ftand not to dillourfe. 
But mount you prefently, and meet with me 
Upon die rifmg of the mountain-foot I 

1 hat leads tow*rds Mantua^ whitlicr dicy are fled. ' 

Difpatch, fweet gentlemen, and follow me. {Exit Duke 

Tbu, Why, this it is to be a pecvifh girl. 
That flies her fortune where it follows her ; I 

ril after, more to be rcveng'd oi Eglamour^ I 

Than for the love of reckiela Silvia, I 

Pffl. And I will follow, more for $ilvia*s love, I 

Than hate of Eglameur that goes with her. \ 

Jul. And 1 will follow, more to croii that love, " 

Than hate for Silvia^ that is gone for love, [ExcunK 

S C E N E in. 

Changes to the Foreft, I 

Enter Silvia and Out-laws. 
Out* /^O M E, come, be patient \ wc muft brlng^you 

Vol. r 

to our Captain. 



r^ A raj'-Tlirr rr irrt — ,-.— .^^i ^^ mar. t2is on^^ 

TaiTt 2 C'-- '" r-^7" : izZAi"^ '-— - liar's 
The t.-aci:^: .1 iit:'tt, ie •^"^'^-g 

I 0*;. C^cr^t, i r::::^ 

AtA V32 ixc ;s* £ -ssociJQ izvie^jr. 
i;/. G Vakmine' tzm I eaf-jrc nr thee. [Zcoxf. 


Vai. TT O W ufe doch bre-i a t*ir in a nw! 

1. J. This fhs^'.'xy dei'art, UAitie q u entcd ivood^ 
I better brvyk rhan ilourifhng peopled toviK. 
Here can I f:: alone, unfc£n or ar.y. 
And tf> the nighringaie's complairung notes 
Turic my ciftrcfles, and record m^v* woes, 

thou, triac doft inhabit in my IvealL, 
L^ave rot the ma.-^r:on lb long renantie6 ; 
L/rft, growing ruinous, the building fell. 
And leave no memory of what it was. 
Repair me with thy prefcncc, Sirjia ; 

'J hou gentle nymph, cherifh thy foriom fwain. 
What hallo'ing, and what ftir, is this today? 
Thcfc arc my mates, that make their wills their law, 

1 lave fomc unhappy pafTenger in chafe. 
They love mc wdl, yet I have much to do 
To keep tivm from uncivil outrages. 
Withtirav/ thee, VaUntine: who's Ais comes here? 


The Two Gentlemen cf Verona. 

Enter Prodieu9, Silvia, and JiJia. 

Pro. Madam, this fervice have I done for VQ^^l ,7 
(Tho* you refpedl not aught your fcrvant docJi) 
To hazard hfe^ and refcuc you from him. 
That wou'd have forc'd your honour and your l^vc, 
Vouchfafe me for my meed but one fair look : 
A tnaller boon than this I cannot beg. 
And lefs than this, I*mfure, you cannot give. 

VaL How like a dream is this, I fee, and hear! 
Love^ lend me patience to forbear a while. \^4/ide. 

SiL O miferable, unhappy that I am! f 

Pro, Unhappy were you. Madam, ere I came i 
But by my coming I have made you happy. 

SiL By thy approach thou mak*ft me moft unhappy. 

Jul. And mc, when he approachcth to your prefencc* 

SiL Had I been fcjzed by a hungry lion, 
I would have been a breaklaft to the bcafk. 
Rather than have falfe Protbeus rclcue me. 
Oh, heav*n be judge, how I love Vakntine^ 
Whofc life's as tender to me as my foul \ 
And fnll as much, for more there cannot be, 
I ' it falfc peiJLrM PrGlbtus: 

'I be gone, foliicit mc no more. 

Pro, What dangVous aftion> flood it next to de^th. 
Would I not undergo for one calm iook? 
Oh, *ti5 the curfc in bvc, and Hill approv'd. 
When women cannot love, where tlicy*re bclov*d. 

SU, When Proibeus cannot love, where he'sbclov'i 
Read over Julia*^ heart, thy firft bcft love. 
For whole dear fake thou then didft rend thy Qiih 
Into a thouland oaths; and all rhofc oarlis 
Defcended Into perjuri^, tu love me. 
Thou haft no taich left now, unlefs thou'dll two. 
And that's far worfe than none: better liave ncjnc 
Tkan plural faith, which h too much by orc, 

R 2 Tho« 

Tie Two Genikmen of Verona. 

Thou counterfeit to thy true friend ! 

Pre. In love. 
Who rcfprfls friend ? 

SiL All men but Prctheus. 
Pre, Nay, if the gentle fpirit of moving words 
Can no way change you to a milder form j 
V\\ move you hkc a foldicr, at arms end. 
And love you *gainft the nature of love \ force you. 
SiL Ohhcav'n! 

Pro, rU force thee yield to my defire. 
yni. Ruffian, lee go that rude uncivil touch, 
'hou friend of an ill fafliion! 
Pro, l^akntifjc! ■ - - ^ 

Vol, Thou common friend, that's without fiiidi or 

[For fucli is a fricncJ now? thou trcachYous man ! 
^Thou haft bcguird my hopes ; nougl\t but mine eye 
[Could have perfuadcd me. Now J dare not lay, 
have one friend altve •, thou wouldft difprovc me, 
IWlio fliould be truftcd now, when the right han" 
['Is pcrjur'd to the bofom? Protbeus^ 
I'm forry* I muft never truft thee more. 
But count die world a ftrangcr for riiy fake. 
T he private wound is deepcft. Oh time, moft accurftf 
"Mongft all foes, that a friend fhould be the word! 

Pre. My fhamc and guilt confound me : 
TorgivL' me, Viikvthi€\ if hearty forrow 
Be a fufficient ranfom for oIFencc, 
I iendt:r*t here ; I do as truly fuffcr, 
As c*er I did commit* 

Vcl Then I am paid : 
1^ once again I do rcccii'c thee honeft. 
f^ by rcjxrntance is not fatisfy'd, 
\mx of bcav'n, nor earth ; ibr thefc are plcas*d ; 
^flBtfDCDCC til' Eternal's wrath*s appeas'd. 
1 ^^ nty love may appear plain and free, 



72^ Two Gtntler^er: of Verona. 24 


v)Qom» ' 

AU, that was mine in Silvia^ I give thcc 

Jul, Oh me imKappy ! 

Pre, Look to the boy. 

yal. Why, boy ! how now ? what's the matter? look 
ip; fpeak, 

. Jui, O good Sir, my matter chargM mc to deliver 
a ring to Madam Sihia^ which, out of my ncglc<t^ 
was never done. 

Pro. Where Is that ring, boy? 

JuL Here 'tis : this is ir. 

Pro, How ? let me fee : 
This is the ring I gave to Julia, 

JuL Ohj cry your mercy, Sir, I have miflook > 
This is the ring you lent to Sihia, 

Pro. How cam*ft thou by this ring? at my depart, 
I gave this unto Julia. 

Jui And Julia herfelf did give it me* 
And Jklia herfelf hath brought it hither. 

Pre, How, Julin ? 

JuL Behold her that gave aim to all thy oarhi. 
And entertain *d *em deeply in her heart : 
How oft liaft thou with perjury cleft the mnt? 
Oh Protbms^ let this habit make thee hlufh ! 
Be thou afham*d, that I have took upon mc 
Suchan immodeft raymcnt; if fliamc live 
In a difgiiife of love. 
It is the leflcr blot, modefty finds. 
Women to change their fhapes, than men their mind<. 

Pro. Than men their minds ? 'ris true j oh heav'n \ 
were man 
But conftant, he were perfect ; t!iat one error ' 
Fills him with faults ; make^ him run through all fms : 
Inconltancy falls off* ere it begins. 

t It is [\ think) very oHJ lo give up \\\% m't^itth thus at once* 
without any reafon alWg'd. Bat our Author probably followed 
ihr liOFLCs jua as he I'otmJ thcrn in hii novcli, ai well aa in Ills 
bifterirs. Mr. F^^t^ 

R ^ What 

246 77je Thao Gentlemen of Verona. 

What is in SHvids face, but I may ipf 
More frefli in JtiUa'% with a conilant eye ? 

yo:!. Come, come, a hxnd from cither : 
Let me be bleft to make this hsppy dole } 
'Twere pir,*, tv. 3 fuch friends (hould long be foes. 

Pro, Bear v. imels, heav'oy I have my wilh for ever. 

JuL And I mine. 

EfiUr Out-hws, a7/^ Duke and Thurio.- 

0«/. A prize, a prize, a prize ! 

VaL Fomear, foii)ear, it is my lord the Dute^ 
Your Grace is welcome to a maa di%iac'd, 
'I he banifli'd Vakntine. 

Duke, SxxVakniine? 

^bu. Yonder IS Silvia: and 5//^*az's mine. 

Fal, I'hurioy give back \ or clfe embrace thy death : 
ComL- not within the mcafure of my wrath. 

Do not name Silvia tlune ; if once again, 

A-lilan fhal! not behold thee. Here fhe ftanda. 

Take but pofTeiTion of her with a touch ; 

I dart: thee but to breathe apon my love, -• 

Thu, Sir VaUfitine^ I care not for her, I. 
I hold him but z fool, that will endanger 
His body for a girl that loves him not. 
I claim her not ; and therefore flic is thine. 

Dtike. The more degenerate and bale art thou^ 
To make fuch means for her as thou haft done. 
And leave her on luch flight conditions. 
Now, by the honour of my anccftry, 
I do applaud thy fpirit, Vnlentini^ 
And think th;.*e v/orthy of an emprcfe' love : 
Know tlun, I here forget ail former griefs j 
Cancel all griKi-vr, repeal thee home again, 
Plcatl a new Hzic. in thy unrival'd merit. 
To which I thus fubfcribe : Sir Valentine^ 


7?je Twa Gentlemen ofVtxoxvx. 247 

Thou ajt a gendcman, and well deriv'd \ 

Take thou thy SiLla^ for chau hart dricrv^d her. 

VaL 1 diank your Grace; the gifc hath made mc 
I now befecch you» for your dauglitcr's lake. 
To grant one boon that 1 thai] ask of you. 

Dukt. I grant ic for thine own, whatc'cr it ba 

Vat. Thcfe banifh'd men, that \ have kept withal. 
Are men endued with worthy qaalities: 
Forgive diem what they have committed here. 
And let them be recall'd from their exile- 
They arc rcfonncd, civil, full of good, 
And fit for great empioynicnt, worthy lord. 

Dukc^ Thou haft prevaii'd, I pardon chem and thccj 
Difpofc of them, as thou know'ft their dcfeits, 
Come> let us go ; we will include all jars 
With triumphs, mirth, and rare folcninity. 

Vd. And as we walk along, I dare be bold 
With our difcourfc to make your Grace to fmile. 
"What think you of this Page, my lord ? 

J}uke, I think, the boy hath grace in him ; he bluHies. 

VaL I warrant you, my lord, more grace than boy, 

l}uki. What mean you by that i Jying ? 

VaL Plcafe you, TU tell you as we pafs along. 
That you will wonder what hath fortuned, 
Come, Prstbeus^ 'tis your penance but to hear 
The ftory of your loves difirovcred : 
That done, our day of marriage fliall be yours, 
Onefcaft, onehoufe, one mutual happincfi. 

\_Ex€tint omms. 



r H K 




O F 

WI N D S R. 

Dramatis Perfon«. 

SIR JohnFalftaflF. 

Fcnton, a young Gentleman cf fmaU Fortune^ in Love 

with Mrs, Anne Page. 
Shallow, a Country Jujiice, 
Slender, Coufin to Shallow, afooUJb Country Sfuire* 

M F d* \ ^^ Gentlemen^ dwelling at Windfor. 

Sir Hugh Evans, a Welch Parfon, 

Dr. Caius, a French Do^or, ' "" ' 

ttoft of the Garter, a merry talking FeOow. 

Bardolph, ^ 

Piftol, ( Sharpers attending on Falftaff. 

Nym, 3 

Robin, Page to FalftafF. 

William Page, a Bey^ Son to Mr, Page, 

Simple, Servant to Slender. 

Rugby, Servant to Dr. Caius. . . ,. 

Mrs, Page, H^tfe to Mr, Page. '^ ^ 

Mrs. Ford, IVtfe to Mr. Ford, 

Mrs. Anne Page, Daughter to Mr. Page, in Lavemth 

Mrs. Quickly, Servant to Dr. Caius; 

Servants to Page, Ford, 6f^. ' . 

SCENE, Windfor: and the Parts adjacent. 


'Merry Wives o£ frnidfor 


Before Page'x Houje In Windfor, 
Enter Juftics Shallow, Slender, and Sir Hugh Evani, 


1 R fiughy pnfuade me nor ; I will make a 
Star-Chamber matter of it: if he were 
t^^'tnty Sir J<ihn Faljlaffs^ he ftiall not 
abufe Robert Shallow^ fcfq; 

Slen, In the county Q\G!ouc€fi€r^]M^cc 
of peaccj and Coram, 

Sbal. Ay, coufm Slender^ and Cuftalorum. 

SUn. Ay, and Rnto-krum tooj ;uid a gcntkmaa 

1 This Phy was written in the Author'* bcfl and ripefl yr«r5, 
%htt fts$try the Foarch, by ihe CAinmand of Q^icen kitxriA/th. 
Thcte i» a trtiJJnon thkc it Wha« compofcd iit ' i.', ; 

But that mult be int'ant only of ihc 6rlt i n 

Comedy, which is yet rxuii: ia an o!d Quaito i:ii::ion piniro in 
i6ta. TTiis which we have hcrf wiu alicrtd »nd impruvcd by iho 
Auihot almoft in every fpceUi, hit. Popf, 


252 77)e Merry Wives of Wxnd(or. 

bom, mafter parfon, vfho writes inm&if Armiger» in 
any bill, warrant, quittance, or obligation ; J&m^ero. 
SbaL Ay, that I do, and have done any time thefe 

three hundred years, 

Slen. All his fucceflbrs, gone before him, have don't ; 
and all his anccftors, that come after him, may ; they 
may give the dozen white luces in their Coat. 

Sbal. It is an old Coat. 

Eva, The dozen white lowfes do become an old 
coat weU -, it agrees well, pafTant ; it is a familiar bcaft 
to man, and fignifies love. 

Shal. The luce is the frefh-fifh, the falt-fifh is an 
old Coat. 

Slen. I may quarter, coz. 

SbaL You may by marrying. 

Eva. It is marring, indeed, if he quarter it. 

SbaL Not a whit, 

Eva, Yes, per-lady ; if he has a quarter of your 
coat, there is but three skirts for your felf, in my fim- 
pleconjcdtures ; but that is all one : if Sir^^te Falfiaff 
have committed difparagements upon you, I am of 
the Church, and would be glad to do my benevo- 
lence, to make atonemencs and compromifes between 

SbaL The Council fhall hear it ; it is a riot 

Eva, It is not meet, the Council hear of a riot; there 
IS no fear of Got in a riot : the Council, look you, ihall. 
defire to hear the fear of Got, and not to hear a riot ; 
take your viza-ments in that. 

SbaL Ha ! o* my life, if I were young again, the 
fword fliould end it. 

Eva. It is petterthat friends is the fword, and end 
it ; and there is alfo another device in my prain, which, 
pcradventure, prings good difcrctions with it : there 
is Anne Page, which is daughter to matter Gwr^tf ■P'»?^» 
which 13 pretty virginity. 


l%e Merry Wives of Windfor. 

SUn. Miftrds Annt Page ? (he lias brown hair, and 
fpeaks fmall like a woman, 

Eva, h is that ftrry perfon for all the orld^ as juft 
as you will dcfire-, and fcvcn hundred pounds of mo- 
nies, and gold and fUver, is lier grancfire upon his 
""jach's-bed (Got deliver to a joyful rcfurrcdtions) 

^e, when fhe is able to overtake feventeen years old ; 
it were a good mocion, tf wc leave our pribbles and 
prabbics, and defirc a marriage between mafter Abraham 
and miftrefs Jnm Page. 

Slen. Did her grand-fsre leave her fcven hundred 
pounds ? 

Eva. Ay» and her father is make her a petter penny* 

Sien, 1 know die young gentlewoman ^ Ihe has good 

Eva. Seven hundred pounds, and poffibiliries, U 
gpod ^t5. 

ShaL Well j let us fee honell Mr. Page ; is Faljlaff 

Eva, Shall I tell you a lie ? I do dcfpife a liar^ a& 
1 do defpifc one that is falfe i or as 1 deipifl- one that 
is not true. The Knight, Sir Jchfi, is there ^ and, I 
befecch you, be ruled by your wcll-withers. I will 
peat the door [Kmcks.] for mafltr Pi^ge. Whati boa ? 
Got blels your houfe here* 


C E N E II. 
EnUr Mr. Page. 
Page. Who's there ? 

Eva. Here is Got's plefling, and your friend^ and 
Jufticc Shallow -, and here's young mafter SUndtr j chat. 

t S^ttki tMAiL iiki a Avontart .'\ Thit U fxoRi the Folto 
of 1O23, aittl h the tftif reading. He ^tdmltrs her for the fwcri- 
tvfh of hcf voice, But (he exprtflion U bigMy humourous, 4S 
in.bkif;!^' Let fptaksn<^ i^malt Hit a 'ZA^irnan one of hcf mAnk* of 
L '. and cheambrguity of /mat/, which figniBes /fV/Zr «« 

U-. ^ .--', mik<"> iJic cxpfcflion lUJl caorcploiant. 


254 ^ Merry ffi^es of Windibr. 

pcnuivcntures, ihall tell you another talc, if mttten 
grow to your likings. 

Page. I am glad to fee your worlhips welL I diank 
you for my venifon, mafter SbaRa^. 

Sbal, Matter PagCy I am glad to fee 70U ; mudi 
good do it your good heart : I wifh*d your vcnilaa 
better ; it was ill luU'd. How doth good mifticis P^t 
and I thank you always with my heart, la % with tESf 

Page. Sir, I thank you. 

SbaL Sir, I thank you ; by yea, and no, T do. 

Page. I am glad to fee you, good matter Slader. 

Slen. How do's your fallow greyhound. Sir ? I 
heard lay, he was out-run on Cotjale, 

Page. It could not be judged. Sir. 

Sim. You'll not confefi, you'll not con&fi. 

Sbal. That he will not; 'tis your faul^ 'tis your 
fault ; 'us a good dog. 

Page. A cur, Sir. 

Sbal. Sir, he's a good dog, and a fair dog; can 
there be more faid? he is good and £ur* Is Sir Jibn 
Faljlaf here? 

Page. Sir, he is within ; and I would, I could do a 
good office between you, 

Eva. It is (poke, as a chriftians ought to fpeak. 

Sbal, He hath wrong'd me, matter Pagie, 

Page. Sir, he doth in fomc fort confefs it. 

Sbal. If it be confefs'd, it is not redre&*d ; is not 
that fo, matter Page? he hath wrong'd me ; indeed, 
he hath ; at a word, he hath ; believe me, Rabert 
Sballow Eiquire fiuth, he is wrong'd. 

Page. Here comes Sir John. 


7%€ Merfj Wives ^Windfor. 255 

£.nter Sir John FalftafF, BardoljA, Nytn andVAKA. 

Fal. Now, matter Shallow^ you'U complain of me 
to the Coundl ? . 

Shal. Knight, you have beaten my nnen, killed my 
deer, and broke open my lodge. 

Fal. But not kifs*d your keeper's daughter. 

Shal. Tut, a pin ; this fliall be anfwer*d. 

FaL I will anlwer it ftrait : I have done all this. 
That is now anfwer*d. 

Sbal. The Council fhall know this. 

Fal, 'Twere better for you, if 'twere not known 
in Coundl ; you'll be laugh'd at. 

Eva. Pauca verha^ Sir Jobn^ good worts. 

Fal. Good worts ? good cabbie. Slender^ I broke 
your head ; what matter have you s^^ft me ? 

Slen. Marry, Sir, I have matter in my head againfl: 
you, and againft your cony-catching-rafcals Bardolpb^ 
Nym, and Fiji/?!, 

Bar, You Banhury cliccfc ! 

Slen. Ay, it is no matter. 

Fiji, How now, Mepboficpbiks ? 

Slen. Ay, it is no matter. 

Njm, Slice, I fay ; pauca^ pauca : (lice, that's my 

SUn. Where's Simple^ my man ? can you tell, coufin ? 

Eva. Peace : I pray you : now let us undcrftand ; 
there is three umpires in this matter, as I underftand ; 
that is, mafter Page ; fidelicct^ mafterPtf^r; and there 
is my {c\(\fJeScety my felf; and the three party is, 
laftiy and finally, mine Hoft of the Garter. 

Pag. We three to hear it, and end it between 

Eva. Ferry goot ; I wdl make a prief of it in my 
note-book, and we will afterwards ork upon the caufc 
with as great difcreetly as we can. 


256 72^ Merry Wives of Windfbr. 

Fd. PiftoL 

.Fiji, He hears with cars. 

Eva, The tevil and his tarn ! what phrale is tU^ 
he hears with ear ? why, it is aflFefbdons. 

FaL Pifioly did you pick mafter Sknder*% purfe? 

Skn. Ay, by theic gloves, did he ; (or I would I 
might never come in mine own great chamber agun 
cUe,)offeven groats in mill-fixpences, and two Edward 
ihovel-boards, that coft me two ihilling and two pence 
a-piece oiTeadMiUer^ by thefe gloves, 

FaL Is this true, Pijiol? 

Eva, No ; it is fkUe, if it is a pick-purie. 

Pift. Ha, thou mountain-foreigper !— . Sr Jolm^ 
and mafter mine. 
I Combat challenge of this ' latten bilboe : 
"Word of denial in thy Labra*s here ; 
Word of denial ; fix)th and fcum, thou ly*ft, 

Slen. By thefe gloves, then *twas he, 

Nym. Be advis*d. Sir, and pafs good humours : I 
will lay marry trap with you, if you run the bafe hu- 
mour on me ; that is the very note of it. 

Slen, By this hat then, he in the red face had it ; 
for tho' I cannot remember what I did when you oiade 
me drunk, yet I am not altogether an afs. 

FaL What fay you, ♦ Scarkt and John? 

Bard. Why, Sir, for my part, I fay, the gentleman 
had drunk himfclf out of his five fentences. 

Eva, It is his five fenfes : fie, what the Ignofance 

Bard. And being fap. Sir, was, as they lay, c»- 
fhicr'd i and fo conclufions psdl the car-dres. 

3 — latin hilbot:'\ Vulg. old Quarto, 1619, imttem^ 
is right. Latum is tinned plates beaten out ver/ thin. 

4 Scarlet and John ? ] The names of two of ^^I'sr AMIi 
companions ; but the humour confiftsin theallufioa to BmrJt^t 
red face ; concerning which ice the fecond part of Hfnry the 


7^^ Merry Wives ^ Wind for. 

^Im. Ay, you fpake in Latin then too; but 'tis no 
matter •, 1*11 never be drunk wJiLlit I live again, but in 
honeft, dvil, godly company, for this trick ; if I be 
drunk» INI be drunk with thofc that have the fear of 
God, and not with dainken knaves, 

Eva, So Got udg me^ that is a virtuous mind, 
FaL You hear aJl thcfe matters deny'd, gen^mco \ 
you hear it. 

Enter Mrs. Anne Page, wUh wine. 

Page. Nay, daughter, carry the wine in-, we'll 
drink within. [£y// Anne Page. 

Skn, Oh hcav'n ! this is miftreis Jnm Page, 

Enter Miftrefs Ford and Mifirifs Page. 

P&ge. How now, miftrefs Fori? 

Fal. Miftrefs Ford^ by my troth, you are very wcQ 
met i by your leave, good miftrefs. [Kijft^g ber. 

Page. Wife, bid thefe gentlemen welcome : comc^ 
we have a hot vcnilon pafty to dinner ; come, gentlc- 
inen \ I hope, wc Ihall drink down ail unkindnelii* 

[^Exeunt Fal, Page, £f?r. 


Manent Shallow, Evans, and Slender, 

SIfn, I had rather than forty Ihillings, 1 had my book 
of fongs and Ibnnets here. 

Enter Simple. 

How now, 5'/>»p^j .where have you been ? I muft wait 
on my felf« muft I ? you have not the book of riddld 
about you, Iiave you ? 

Hirnp. Book of riddles ! why, did you not lend it to 
Alice Shortcake upon M-bdlc^vmai Uft» a fonoighc 
afore Michaelmas, 

Vou I. S Si4k 

12 C 


258 The Merry Wives of WlndCor, 

SbaL Come, coz ; come, cozt wc ftay for you 
word with you, coz - marry this, coz : there ii, 
*tw«rc, a tender, a kind of tender, made aftvr ofT 
ftr //»(f i here 5 do you urtderftand mc ? 

Slen, Ay, Sir, you ftulJ find me reaionabic 
be fo, 1 fliall do diat tliat is reafon. 
i ^bal. Nay> but landerftand tnc* 

Slcn. So I do. Sir. 

Eva, Give ear to his motions^ Mr. Slender: I 
dcrcription the nutter to you, if you be capoorj 

Sttn. Nay, I will do, as my coufm Shallow Gys 
pray you, pardon me ; ftc*s a Juftkc of pe«ce in 
counrry» fimpit tho* 1 Hand here. 

E"^'a. But that is not the quetem ; the queftkn tt 
concerning your marriage. 

SbaL Ay, thcre*s tfc point, Sir. 

Eva» ^arry, is it-, the very point of it, to Mtl 

.y/f». Why, if it be foj I will marry her upon any 
realbnable demands. 

Eva, but can you affeftion the 'oman ? Jet us com- 
mand to know that of your mouth, or oFyotirbps; 
for divers philofophers hold* that the Bps is parcel ol 
the mind : therefore prccifely, can you carry your 
;Will to the maid ? 
^ SbdL Goufin jibrabam Sk»der^ can you love 

Skn, I hope. Sir, 1 will do, as it fhall become <iS 
that would do reafon. 

Eva, Nay, Got's lords and his ladies, you moft 
(peak pdrticable, if you can carry her your dcfircs 
*wards htr. 

SbaL That you muft j will you, upon good d 
TTiarr^'her ? 

^fen, I %vMI do a greater thing than that u 
requcrt:, coufin, in any rcafoa 


7^^ Merry Wives of Wind for. 

Shd> Nay, conceive me, conceive me, Aveet coz - 
what I do, is to picsfurc you> coe j zm you love cric 
maid ? 

(SVtfi;, I will marry hcr^ Sir, at your requcft : bur if 
there be no great love in the beginning, ycc hcav'n 
may dccreafe it upon better acquaintance, when we 
are marry'd, and liavc more occafion to know <?nc anp* 
ther \ I hoj3e, ujion familkrity * will grow more con* 
tempt : buc it yoti fay, marry her, I will marry hcff 
that I am freely diifolved, and diffolutely. 

Eva, t is a ferry difcrtuon anfwer, fave, the faul* 
\&\x\^mt diffoluuij: the ore is, according to our 
meaning, nfokttly ; his meaning is good. 

ShaL Ay, 1 think, my coufin meanc well, 

Slen. Ay, ordJc I would 1 might bchang^d^ la. 


Entwr Mifirifs Anne Page. 

Shal Here comes fair miftrefs Anm: 'woiiW I were 
ng for your fake, miftrefs jinf9e ! 
/bine. The dinner is on the table \ my fiuher dcfircs 
your worship's company. 

Sbal, I will wait on him, fair miftrcfi Anm. 
Eva, Od's pleficd wdl, I wil! not be abfence ac the 
^Crace. {^Exeunt Shallow and Evam* 

^K Jnne. Wai*t plcafc your worfhip to come in, Sir ? 
^V ^Icn, No, I thank you, forfooth, heartily i 1 am 
^^cry well. 

[ Aiim, The dinner attends you. Sir, 
^H ^/^. I am not a-hungry, I think you, Forfooth, 
^Co, Sirrah, for atl you are my man, go wait upon my 
coufm Shallow: [£W/ Simple.] A Jufticc oF peace 
fumctimc may be beholden to his friend for a man. 

^ nttiU ^rpw more air/f*/: ] A coni>ii!rtun rfflor^ b/ 
Mr. Tift Iff /d. 

S 3 1 krcf 

26o 77)e Merry fVives of Windlbr. 

^ I kcq> but three men and a boy yet, 'till my mo- 
ther be dead ; bu: \\hat though, yec I live like a poor 
gentleman bom. 

Anne. I may not go in without your worflupi thcj 
will not fit, 'tiil you come. 

Slen, rfaith, I '11 eat nothing ; I thank you as mudi 
as though I uid. 

jhine. I pray you, Sir, walk in. 

Slen. I had rather walk here, I thank you : I bruisM 
my ftiin th'oiher day with playing at fword and dag- 
ger with a mafter of fence, three venq^s for a difli of 
ftew*d prunes ; and, by my troth, I cannot alnde the 
fmell of hot meat fince. Why do your dogs bark ib? 
be there bears i'th* town? 

Anne, 1 think, there are. Sir; I heard them talk*d 

5/^;^. \ love the fport well, but I (hall as foon quar- 
rel at it as any man in England. You arc a&ud, if 
you fee the bear loofe, are you not ? 

Anne. Ay, indeed. Sir. 

8ien. l^hat's meat and drink to me now ; I have 
ieen Sackerfon loofe twenty rimes, and have taken him 
by the chain ; but I warrant you, the women have 
fo cry*d and (hriek'd at it, that it paft : but women, 
indeed, cannot abide 'em, they arc vciy iU-favour^d 
rough things. 

Enter Mr, Page. 

Page, Come, gentle Mr« Slender^ come ; we fiay 
for you. 

Slen. I'll eat nothing, I thank you. Sir. 

Page, By cock and pye, you ihall not chufe^ Sir i 

come ; come. 

6 / keep lut three men mnd m hey ytt, &c. ] As grot t 
foci as the poet has made Slender^ ic appears, by hit boaiting of 
his 'wealth, his breedings and his eturagt^ that he knew faow to 
win a woman. 7his u a fine inftance of ShMkeJ^tmr^t knamkiAfi 
of nature. 


7he Merry Wives ofWivx^hu 261^ 

SUn. Nay» pray you, lead the way- 

P^ge, Come on^ Sir. 

Skn, Miftrefe Anne^ your fclf Ihall go firft. 

Anne. Not I, Sir \ pray you, keep on* 

Skn. Truly, I will not go firit, cruly-la : I will not 
do you that wrong. 

j^nne, I pray you. Sir. 

Skn. Til rather be unmannerly, than trcublefome \ 
you do your felf wrong, indeed-la. [Exeunt, 

C E N E 
Re -enter Evans and Simple. 


Eva. Go your ways, and ask of Doftor Caiu^ 
houfe which is the way 1 and there dwells one miftrefe 
^ickiy, which is in the manner of his nurfe, or his 
dry nurfe, or his cook, or Iiis laundry, his waChcr, 
and his wringer. 

Simp, Well, Sir. 

Eva. Nay, it is petter yet -, give her this letter; for 
ic is a 'Oman that alrogcthers acquaintance with miftrefi 
jtnne Page ; and the letter is to dcfire and require her 
to follidt your mailer's dcfircs to miftrefs jhne Page : 
I pray you, be gone i I will make an end of my din- 
ner i there's pappins and chcdc to come. 

\^Exeunt feverally^ 


Changes to the Garter-Inn, 
Enter Falllaff, Hoft, Barctolph, Nym, Piftol ondRc&m. 


I N E hoft of the garter,- 

/«/. __ _ 

Hcfi. What fays my bully rock ? Ipeak 

fchollarly, and wifely, 

Fal. Truly, mine hoft> I muft turn away fome of 
my followers* 

S 3 H^, 


262 Tie Merry TFivii ^Windfiir. 

Eoft. Difcard, buily Hercules^ caihicT} let them 
wag ; trot, trot. 

FcL I fit at ten pounds a week. 

Hqft, Thou^rt anEmpcror, CafoTt Keifar and fbe&- 
%ar. I will entertain Bardolpb, he ihall draw, he fhaU 
tap ; faid I well, bully Heffor ? 

FaL Do fo, good mine hoft. 

IJeft, I have^oke, let him follow ; let tne fee due 
froth, and live : I am at a word j follQW. 

lExit Hoft. 

Fal. Bardclph^ follow him ; atapfteris a good trades 
an old cloak makes a new jerkin j a withered ferving- 
man, a frefh tapftcr ; go, adieu. 

Bard. It is a life tliat I have dcfir*d : I will thrive. 


Fiji, O bale Hungarian wight, wilt thou the Ipgat 
wield ? 

Nym. He was gotten b drink, is not the humoir 
conceited ? ? His mind is not heroick, and there's the 
humour of it. 

FaU I am glad, t am fo quit of this tinderboxs 
his thefts were too open ; his filching was like an un- 
skilful finger, he kept not time. 

Nyra, The good numour is to fteal at a minute's 

Pill, Convey, the Wife it call : fteal ? fbh j a fico 
for the phrafe ' 

FaL Well, Sirs, I am almoft out at hecls» 

Fiji. Why then, let kibes enfue. 

Fal There is no remedy : I muft conytatch, I muft 

Pijt. Young ravens muft haVe food. 

Fal. Which of you know Fori di this town ? 

Fiji. I ken the wight, he is of fiibftance good. 

7 Hh minil is not beraick, mni theri: th$ immemr tfiiJ] Added 

ftom the oM Quarco ot i 619. 

The Merry Wives of Wind for. 26 

Fd. My honeft lad&y I will tell you whac I am 


P\fi, Two yards and more. . 

FaL No quips now, Ptjiol : indeed, I am in chc 
waile two yards about % but 1 am now about no waftc, 
I am abouc thrift. Briefly, I do mean to make love 
to For^ii wife : I (py entertainment in her ; fhe dif- 
courfes^ Ihe carves, /he ^ves the leer of invitation \ I 
can conilrue the action of her familiar llilc, and die 
hardeft voice of her behaviour, to be engliih^d right, 
is, / am Sir John FalftatPj. 

Pijt. He hath ftudy*d her well, * and tranflatcd 
her out of honefly into EngliJh. 

Nym> The anchor is deep \ will that humour pals ? 

Fal Now, the report goes, Ihe has all the rule of 
bcr husband^s purTe : Jhe hath a legion of angels. 

Pift, ' As many devils entertaia ^ and to her^ boy^ 
fey I. 

Nym. The humour riics j it is good ; humour me 

Fai, I have writ rae here a letter to her ; and here 
another to Page"^ wife, who even now gave me good 
eyes too, examined my parts with moil judraous 
* oeillades -, fomctimes, the beam of her \dcw gullded 
my foot i Jbmetimes, my portly belly. 

Fiji. Then did the fun on dung-luU Ihinc. [4^^. 

Nym^ I thank thee for that humour. 

8 Mnd trmtfiatid ktt well, Q»t of hontjh ''fs EmgUfi, ] 
r\ t. mta a cotrupE f&nguagr. Tins h cxtrrincfy hiimorous : But 
J ihink ihc word 'ur/V^ cominj^ in here t fecond time* \% An in- 
Xiu^oti, ftnd rbouLd be t^uU «uc again* a-* ic buxiiou the (iifiiou 
and obdru^ the e&fy turn of the chougUt. 

9 At many di^ilitnurtain -i — '-'\ i.e. T:»ke to your nfliftunce 
%% inuiy dcriLi as fhe has angeh. and then you vnAy be a tnaich 
lor her, 

I - — * mift judituiu Iliads;] Rod uUiadet, gliacea. 
FrfKib, Mr, /*fl/tf, 

S A Fai, 

26+ The Merry Wives ^ Windfor. 

Fal, O (he dkl fo courfe o*cr my eztoion vith fiidi 
a greedy intention, that the appetite of her eye <fid 
ieem to fcorch nie up like a buming-fjiafi* Kier^s 
another letter to hcr^ ihe bears the purfe too; 
(he b a region in GuioMa^ all gold and bounty. * I wiH 
be Cheater to them both, and they fhall be Excktfurs 
to me ; they fliall be my Eaft and fFeft-InSa^ and I 
Wl trade to them both. Go, bear thou dus lettcrto 
miftrcfs Page\ and thou this to miftrcfi Ford: wc iriO 
thrive, lads, we will thrive. 

Pift. Shall I Sir Pandarus of Tr^jr become. 
And by my fide wear fteel? then, Lucifer take all ! 

i^flv. I iinll run no bale humour ; here, take the hu* 
mour-lcttcr, I will keep the haviourof reputadon. 

Pal. Hdd, Sirrah, bear you theie letters t^tfy. 
Sail like my pinnace to thefe golden ihcHes. \To Robia 
Revues, hence, avaunt ! vanifh like hail-ftones, go^ 
Trudge, plod away o'th' hoof, feck fhelter, pack ! 
» FalftaffmXi learn the humour of the age, 
French thrift, you rogues ^ my felf, and skirted page. 

[ExeufU l^diSaSaid iioy. 

s / tvill ht Cheater /• thtm h§tb, and they/hmll h Exdieqnen 
t» m^ij I'he fame j ike is intended here, as in the iiecond pait 

cf Hemry the foiirrh, A€t z. • / 'will bar it* btmejl mm» 

90 h^ufi^ nor no Cheater, . By which is meant Efihtatturt^ 

an officer in the exchecuer, in no good repute with the jtidtp^ 

3 FalAafT ifnll learn the humour of the age^ 

French ihri/t, jrou r^utj ; my/tlft and tkirt$d frngt-l S^ 
Beaumont and Fltttber, in V^r hoKefl man^sfiriumg, 
— ViV the eemfert^ that 
III fortune has undone me into thefa/hioui 
Tor nwjOs in this age, majl men do iogim 
To keep hut nne ^, that kept many mem. 


Tie Merry Wives ij/'Windfon 26 c 



P//?. Let vxjltures gripe thy gucs j ♦ for gorc{< and 
FuUam holds : 
And high and low begiules the rich and poor. 
Tcftcr rii have in pouch, when thou fhlt lack> 
Bafe Phrygian Turk / 

j^Tftr. I have operations in my head, which be hu* 
moors of revenge. 

PiJL Wilt thou revenge ? 

Njm, By welkin^ and her ftar, 

Pijf. "With wit, or fteel ? 

Nvm. With both the humours, I : 
I will difcufs the liumour of this love to E^rJ. 

Pfjt. And I to P^^e ?haU eke unfold. 
How Faljlaff, varlet vile, 
His dove will prove, his gold will hold. 
And his foft couch defiJe. 

Nym. My humour fliall not cool i I wil] incenfc 
Fard to deal with poifon i I wiU poflefs him with yd- 
lowncfs ; for the Revolt of Mien is dangerous: that 
is my true humour. 

Pift. Thou art the Mars of male- contents : I fccond 
ihcc i troop on« 


(^ I fgr gourd, err J Futtim halJj: 

Aitd high end luw htiMiUi tht rkh a»i p09r,J FttUam \m 
M. cant term tor CaJfe dice, kigh and hta. Tfirrtano, in his Itatimn 
Di^ionary, inicrprets Pife by faJ/e dut^ hiih &kd hia mtm^ 
ht^h FulUmi, usd itnuf tyllum^. yohrtjorif in hii E'vrrj man tut 
ef hii IttmQW, <]uibbles upon tht* caiit icrm. ff'/j<r^ htffr>v€ f Hi 
hfps hijth men and l<jw men, bt kui fffrir U^tng at Futlam*— 
Aft (Of GsMrd, or rather Csrd» ic wai aAotb^r inftrunient of gam* 
ittg, ai appeari from Bftiftmont and FUtchtr*^ Si^rnfmt L^^ 
— ^ ^jTi/ /^ ^77 ^ff/rr^ ran rrAfiEr df mthimg Mrw, hnS G O ft D I 
$r iiinc-pioi. 


266 Tfc M^rry Wives of Windlbr. 


Changes t9 Dr. CaiusV Hcuje. 

Enter JSp-efs Quickly, Simpie, mi John Ri#r. 

W the ca&zr.ent, and fee if you can fee my 
'mafter, mafter Doftor Caius^ coming; tf hcdo, i'Euth, 
and find any body in the houfe, here «ill be old abs- 
ling of God's packncfy and the King's Ei^Ufly, 

Rug, I'll go watch. [Em Ri^. 

^mc. Go, and we'll have a pofTcc for't loon at nigio, 
in faith, at the latter end of a fea-coal fiic. An ho- 
neft, willing, kind fellow, as ever icrvant flialt come 
in houfe withal ; and, I warrant you, no tell-tafe, car 
no breed-bate ; his worft fault is, that be is gpn^cn to 
pray'r -, he is fomething peeidih that way \ but no 
body but has his fault ; but let clut pals« Peter Sm- 
fk^ you lay, your name is. 

Sim, Ay, ror fault of a better. 

^k. And matter Slender's your mafter ? 

Sim. Ay, forfooth. 

§uic. Does he not wear a great round beard, fike i 
gjover's paring-knife ? 

Sim, No, forlboth ; he hath but a little wee*£u^ 
with a little yellow beard, a Gun-colour'd beard. 

^/V. A foftly-4)righted man, is he not ; 

Sim, Ay, forfooth ; but he is as tall a man of his 
hands, as any is between this and his head ; he hadi 
fought with a warrcner. 

i^iV. How fay you ? oh, I ihould Feroember him ; 
does he not hold up his head, as it were ? and ftrut ia 
his gate? 

Sim. Yes, 'indeed, does he. 

^ic. Well, heav'n fend j^nne Page no worft for- 
tune 1 Tell mafter parfon EvmfSy I'll do what I 


The Merry Wives of Wind for. 

can for your mafter : Anne is a good girf, and I 

Enttr Rugby. 

Rug, Out, alas ! here comes my maftcr* 
^k. We lliall all be lliejit v run in here, goodi young 
man ; go into this clofet i {fokU Simple in ibe chJtL ] 
He will not ftay long, What» John Rughy / John ! 
what, Johtf I fay i go, Joh?jy go enquire tor my ma- 
fieri 1 doubt J he be not wdl, that he couics uot 
home ; ^td dswn^ down^ a-down-a^ &c, \Sh^s^ 


C E N E 

Enter J)sfior Caius. 


Cmas. Vat is you fuig ? I do not like des toys \ 
pray you, go and vetch mc in my dofct mhsti£rvtrd\ 
a box, a green-a box ^ do intend vat I fpeak ? a green-a 

Siuic. Ay^ forfooth, TU fetch it you, 
I am gkdy he Went not in liimfelf ; if he had found 
the young man, be would have been hom-mad. [/ifide^ 

Cains. Fe^/ft ft, fe^ mafsi^ iljtnt f^t ibtrnd-^ jc 
trfat vats a la CquT'—^Is granit affaire^ 

^fc. Is it this, Sir. 

Caius. Oay^ me/tez le 4m mon podicc ^ D^chiz^ 
quickly ; ver is dat knave Ri^lj I 

j^c. What* jfcbn Rugiy! J»t$$t 

Ri^, Here, Sir. 

Caiks. You anc Join Rs^h^ and jcm are Jack 
Rt^ I come, takc-a your R^iicr, and come attcr my 
heel to the Court. 

Rxg, *Tts ready, Sir, here in the porch. 

Caius. By my trot, I carr/ too long : o i's me ! ^ 
a/Je cuhlii? dcre is fome fimplcs in n;y clofet, dat I 
wiU not &r tJic varki I ihail kave bdiind. 

26 S 7Be Merry Wives of Windfon 

§ipc. Ay-me, he'll find the young man therr» and 
be mad. 

Caius, O Liable^ Diab'e ! vat is in my do(ct? vil- 
tunc, Larron ! Rugby, my rapier, 

[Pitllj Simple Ota o/iieckfd. 

Simc^ Good matter, be content, 

Cmus. Wherefore fliall I be content-a ? 

^ic. The young man is an honcft man. 

Caius. What ihall de honeft man do in my dolec? 
dere is no honeft man, dat ihall come in my clofct. 

^uk, I bcfecch you, be not fo flegmatick ; hor Ac 
truth of it. He came of an errand to me from parfon 

Caius. VcD. 

Sim, Ay, forfboth, to define her to > 

§uie. Peace, I pray you. 

Caius. Peace-a your tongue, Ipeak-a your talc. 

Sim. To defire this honcft gendewoman your ooaid, 
to ft)eak a good word to miftreis Anne Page for my 
matter in the way of marriage. 

%/f . This is all, indeed-la -, but I'll never put my 
finger in the Hre, and need not. 

Caius, Sir Hugh knA-z-joM^ Rugby^baiBez me fawc 
paper ; tarry you a httle-a-whilc. 

^ic. I am glad, he is fo quiet ; if he had been 
thorouglUy moved, you ttiould have heard him ib loud, 
and fo melancholy : but notwithttanding, man, I'll do 
for your matter what good I can ; and the very yea 
and the no is, the French Doflor my matter, ( I may 
call him my matter, look you, for I keep his hode, 
and I watti, wring, brew, bake, icour, ' drefs meat 
and make the beds, and do all my felf.) 

Sim. ^Tis a great charge to come under one body's 

S Jr^fi Meat, mmi [i,Uk^ mfikt $h$ Ms, ftc. ] Ddt 


315^ Merry IViva <!?/' Windfer. 

^mc. Arc you a-visM o'thar ? you ftiall find it a 
great charge ; and to be up early and down late. But 
notwiti^ftanding, to tdl you in your ear, f would have 
no words of it, my mafter himfelf is in love 'Rith miP 
trefs Anne P^tgt % h\xu notwirhftanding that, I know 
Ann^% mind, that's neither here nor there. 

Calus, You jacU'nape \ give-a this Icaer ioS'irHugh ; 
by gar, it is a fhaUenge : I will cut his croat in de parkc» 
and I will reach a fcurvy jack-a-nape pricft to meddle 

or make you may be gone ; it is not good you 

tarry here ; by gar, I will cut all his two ftones \ by 
gar, he ihall not have a ftone to trow at his dog. 

[Exit Simple* 

^ic. Aias, he fpeaks but for his friend. 

Casus. It is no mattcr*a ver dat : do you not tell- 
ame, dat I fhail have Afwe Page for myfclf ? by gar, I 
vill kill de jack pritit; and [ have appointed n)ine hoft 
of d€ Jarterrt to mcal'urc our weapon j by gar, I will 
iDyfelf have Anne Page. 

^k. Sir^ the maid loves you, and all fhall be weH : 
vrc muft give folks leave to prate ; what, the good-jer ! 

Caius, Rugly^ come to the Court with me ; by 

gar, if r have not Aftne Pcge^ I l}iall cum your head 
out of my door i — follow my heels, Ru^Sy, 

[£*^«;;/Caiu5 afsd Rugby. 

^k. You fhall have An foolVhcad of your own. 
No, I know Anne's mind for that ; never a Woman 
in Wmdjor knows more of Anne't mind than I do, 
fwr can do more than I do vrith her, I thank hcav'n. 

Feni. [wilbin.'\ Who's within there, hoa? 

^k. Who's there, I trow ? come near the houfe, I 
pray you. 



Enter Mr, Fenton* 
pent. How now, good woman, how doft thou ? 
^k. The better tiut it plcafes your good worfliip 
CO sdb Fe/U, 


270 73^ Merry Wives of Wind /or. 

F£Ht, What news ? how does pretty mtdrefs 4mK 

§uk. In truch. Sir, and fhe b prcttjr^ and faoDcS» 
and gentle ; and one chat is your friend » I can tell ]roo 
tliat by che way, I praifc hear'n for it* 

pint, Shall { do m^f good, dt2ck*£t thou ? ihiB i 
not lofe my fcit ? 

^M/V. Troth, Sir^ all is in his hands above ; hue 
notwitliiianding, mailer FemoTt^ I'lJ be ivorp on 
book, (he iove£ you : have not your worihip a wui 
ibove your eye ? 

ivM/. Yes, marry, Iiavc Ij and whnof thac? 

^ir. Weil, rhtrcby hangs a tale ; good /aixht k 
fuch ajiother Nuit^ but, I deteft, aji honeft maid 
ever broke bread \ we had an hour's talk of that 
I fliall never kugh but in that maid's corapany I b 
indeed, Jhe is given too much to allicholly and mufiogs 
but for you^ —■ ^WcU ^go to — - ^^ 

Fm. Well, I ihaJl fee her to day; Add, thctt'i 
mony for dKc : let me have thy voice in my bcfaslTi if 
riiou fceft heri»efore mc, commend me . i ' ^' 

^c. Will I ? ay» ftidi* tliat we will : and I wiD 
tell your worfhip more of the wart> the next time wc 
have cooiidence, and of other wooers. 

Fent. Well, farewel, I am in great hafte iv»w« 

^€. Farewd to your worflup. Truly, ao 
gentleman, but /Inne loves hun not; I know jImm^^ 
mind as well as another docs. Out upoo'tt vhac hart 
1 forgot ? 

7ii Merry Wives of Wind(bf. 27 


^^^K Befire PsigeV Houfe, 

^^^K EnUr Mrs. Page» with a LcUsr. 
^m^- Mrs, Pace. 

*¥ T THAT, have I fcap*d love-letters in the holy* 
yy day-ame of my beauty, and am I now a 
fubjeft for them ? let me fee : 

^ * AA me no reafin^ vtby I lave you \ for ' tho^ lov^ ufi 
red/on far bis frHtfim^ hi admits him mt for bh conn* 
Jtikr: jm ^e not youngs no m^re am I, g^ f^ tben^ 
there* s £fmpaSby : ym are merry ^ fo am 1% ha! hat 
then there* s morefympatky ; ym love Jack, andfi do I ; 
^ould ydu iefire better fympathy ? let U fuffice ibee^ 
mijirc/s Page, at the k^ft if the bve of a jdMer em 
fi^U that I love thee. I will not fay^ pity me^ *til 
not a foldier-like pbrafe \ but I fay^ love me : 
By me^ thine own true Knigbt^ hy dffjf cr nighty 
Or any kind of lights vnth all his mighty 
For ibi:e to fight . John FalftafK. 

WhiU a Het'oi of Jewy h this f O wicked, wicked 
world I one that is weU nigh woni to pieces with age, 
to fhow himfclf a young gallant ! what unwLigh'd be- 
haviour hath this Fhmfi drunkard pickt, »'ch* devil'i 

I /£#• jSrur uft rt^fom for hit prccifiaD. h^ eimii$ him not fpr 
hit tPmipikr {\ This i* obfctiTC J but Uic metDtng u, f.^o' /St'r 

fermti rt&fsn fc tf/ftvhai Ujit H he 4cntt ht /tU^m fattrws tit 
a4vUe.—^^\iyprfciJian, is meMi 'ine hviiu preGenis :a a nio-e liuQ 
erdintry (l'-{>ncc of vkrcucftnd fanSity. On which nccomiE (he/ 
y^vcr ih» rrkvne to (he pDntias of thAC time. So Oibtrmtt ^ ^ 
C^nUrm thtir mtJf, *\wrds and t9»h f linj* p-k iCItCAKi, 
Ani M£tBr» ill Uh City mat<hf 

^ ■ / MJ eemmtnd 

jf ftettt ruffcuiAdt /a htr, fir htr ^.if^mam^ 



T%e Merry JVives ^Windlbr; 

name, out of my converfatjon, that he dares in da' 
manner aflay me? why, he hatii not been thrice in irj 
company : what (hoiild I fay to him ? I was then fo 
gal of my minh, heav'n foi^ve me: why, •I'll exhi- 
bit a Bill in the Parliament for the putting down c^ 
Mum : how ftall I be revengM on him ? for revej^'d 
J will be, as fure as his guts are made of pud- 

C E N E 

Enttr ]^s. Ford. 


* Mrs, Ford. Mrs. Page^ truft mc, I was gCMg 
youF houfe. 

Mrs. Page, And truft me, I was conning to you 1 

you look very ill. ^ 

I ni rxhihit a BiU in Ftrtiamtnt fir fmifimg d^vn f 

M&ti ] Mr. Tbeohaidi^yii we mutl ncctffafiJ)' read, 

— •— for putt iTTg ifo^vff 0/ far men. But how h tl>eni^ 
tci' mended .^ or the though c made Wh ridiculoM^f ftiaif^tr 

—-^far the puffing Jo^w »/ m vu, f\ #. tlic£iaeBtii| 

Hqtior fo calftfd. So Firtchrr in hi& i^^tld gd&ft chafe ; ,Whmt < 

mid I ha^it O'VtrmyJi^mach, ilow/J I h^d J&mr hi v %t. Xhii U 

truly hainorous, and Pt^recs with the ghara^rr ihc had j'jft b^ 

fore given him of Firmi/k drunkard. But the grcatell Con6rma6a 

.of this cor^jcfture is the allufion thc^ lyordi, in queHfon. barm 

% mauer then publickly iranfoding. The A/rrry iiT/^v/ ^ Wi«ifar 

appe^r^ tcr hive been wro:e in i&oi , or ver^ lliortly aiitr. And 

we are informed by Sir ^m^n W E^ifij yourtta/^ that oo hooe 

a&ir made more noi^e in and out of partkmcat at tKac tiae* 

ibaQ the lupprcOioEi ^d regulauon of avctns, itiua, aJe-hoiciB, 

ill ong li{]uiiri and the drinkers of chem in the Parliament bcM 

1^97, a bi!l was brought into both houles, ^^ /^fp'^fi't 

iht tiadtilude 9f Malflfft^ SfC. Another, To riftraim tbt tMtth 

Jitie makinj^ of Ma/t, and dijbrdtriy irrtv;iitg */ firing teir. 

Another, For rrgufsthn ^f inns, Tatftrns^ &c. Jn ri^e nen _ 

P^rliatnent, held i6ot, was a bi'L Fcr ff^ fttppr effing ef ti 

muhitude of Aie-bmfci and ^ipifng-iroufet. Anoiltrr^ ^p*i\ 

etect£t'Of and (ommon drunAfanefi i atyd fever:!! orheiftof the 

oatyic. Some of which» after much cJutvafitoga weie throira oa^ 

tnd QihcTft p&flVd im;: A&g. 


72^ Merry Wives of Windfbr. 

Mrs. Ford. Nay, flJ nc*er bdicvc that j I have to 
Ihcw to [he contrary* 

Mrs. Pag€. *Faith, but you do, in my mind. 

Mrs. Fori. Weil, 1 do then ; yet I Jay, I could 
fticw you to the contrary ; Q miftrcS Pag€y give mc 
Home ccunfel^ 

Mrs. Page. 'What*s the matter, woman ? 

Mrs. Furd. O woman ! if it were not for one trifling 
refped, I could come EO fuch honour* 

Mrs. Page, Hang the trifle, woman, take the ho* 
nour; what is ic? difpenfe wirh tritlles; what is it? 

Mrs. Ford* If I would but go to hell for an eternal 
moment, or fo, I could be knighted. 

Mrs, Page, ' What, thou Heft! ZiiAUceFm-dX thcfc 
Knights wiB lack, and fo thou (houldft not alter the 
arridc of thy gentry. 

Mrs* Ford, We bum day-light; here, read, readj 
pcKcive, how I might be knighted; 1 fiiall think the 
'Worfc of fat men, as long as I have an eye to make dif- 
ference of men*s liking ; and yet he would not fwear ; 
praised women*s modefty \ and gave fuch orderly and 
•welJ-behav'd reproof to all uncomt.'linefs, that \ would 
have f^<'o^n his difpofition would have gone to the truth 
of his words \ but they do no nrx)re adhere, and keep 
place together, than the hundredth Pfalm to the tune 
ofGrcm Sieves. What tempeftj I trow, threw this 


J W'itf ^ ihu iieft f Sir Alice Ford i ihtfe Kti^hts'wii! hack, 
mni /9 ihev fiisnUjl n&t ahtr ths artick s/ thy gtntrj^ The imia* 
ttlligiblc nonfcnfe of ttis rp;cch is hardly \o be matched. Th« 
chaflge &f SI ftDgle letter has occalloned \U which h thbl eafilf 

r^tnaveJ. Read and poinc, ^tifi tCrttghti naiil lack, end 

Jk thau ^stUjI Kot tfiirr ihr aiticU ef thy g^^Hry^ The other had 
fsu\i, 1 cntid It inighftd, meaning, / ^auU h^^t a Knight fir 
my /^Jtr i her compmion took it in the other fcnfe, of conferring 

the title* and fayi. ff^hat, thu litfi f Sir Alice Ford ! iheic 

ICnfglita will lack a /ji/e, [V. r. riffjac the pumlhment of degra» 
dation] r^thir thitn net makt a Kvhore ef th<e.\ For we axe to 
obferve ih.iE — ^iiWy& thou ihvuUJi not, h a mode of fpeech* 
amongft the \vriteft ot (hat amCy cquiv&lcnC lo- rafhtr (ham 

Vol. I. T whalc» 

X74 ^^ Merry Wives of Wind for. 

while, with fo many tun of oyl in his belly, a*fhort] 
Windfcr ? how fhall I be reveng'd on him ? 
the beft way were to entertain him with hope, 
wicked fire of luft have racked him in his own 
Did you ever hear the like ? 

Mrs. Page, Letter for letter, but that the naroed 
Page and Ford differs. To thy great comfort in tb 
myftery of ill opinions, here's the twin brother ofthf 
letter ; but let thine inherit firlt, for, I proteft, mine 
never fliill. I warrant, he has a thoufand of thdc In- 
ters, writ with blank-fpace for diiferent names ; nay. 
more ; and thefe are of the fecond edition : he mD 
print them out of doubt, for he cares not what he puD 
into the preis, when he would put us two, I had n- 
dier be a giancefs, and lyc under mount Pciion, Wdl 
I will find you twenty lafcivious turtles, ere one dttb 

Mrs, Fori. Why, this is the very fame, the vay 
hand, the very words v what doth he think of us? 

Mrs, Page. Nay, I know not ; it makes me alinoA 
ready to wrangle witli mine own honefty, I*l| tsms* 
Cain myfelf like one that I am not acquainced witU \ 
for, fure, unless he knew fome Str;un in me, that I 
know not myfclf, he would never have boarded roe 
in this fury. 

Mrs, Ford, Boarding, call ic you ? 
keep him above deck. 

Mrs. P<ig^- So will I ; if he come under nxy 
ril never to fea again. Let's be revcngM on 
let's appoint him a meeting, give him a Xhow of cocxh 
fort in his fuit, and lead him on with a fine baited d^ 
lay, till he hath pawn'd his horfcs to mine Hoft fl^ 
the Garter 

Mrs, Ford, Nay, I will confcnt to aft any 
againft him, that may not fully the cliarinels of our 
ncfty ; oh, that my husband faw this letter! ic y^foM 
g?vc eternal food to his jcalouCe, 


ru be 

n nsirv 

7%B Merry Wives of Windlbr. 275 

Mrs. Page. Wlif , look, where he comes, and my 
good man too; he's as far from jealoufie, as I am from 
giving him cauie \ and that, I liope, is an unmeafure* 
able diftance. 

Mrs. Ferd. You are the hsqjpicf woman. 

Mrs. Page. Let's confult together ag^ft this grea-* 
lie Knight. Come Uthdr. [Ti^p ntirt^ 

Enter Ford imtb Piftol, Fagefor/^ Nym* 

Ford. Well, I hope, it be not ib. 

Pift, Hope is a curtal-dogin ibme afiairs. 
Sir John affefe thy wife. - 

Ford, Why, Sir, my \wfe is not young- 

Pifi, He wooes bora high and low, both rich and 
Both young and old, one with another, Fori\ 
He loves thy gally-mawfry, Fordy perpend. 

Ford, Love my wife ? 

Pift. With liver burning hot : prevent, or go thou, 
Bke Sir A^eon^ he, with Ring-wood at thy heels — O^ 
odious is the name. 

Ford, What namc^ Sr ? 

fifi. The horn, I Iky : farewel* 
Take heed, have open eye ^ for thieves do foot hf 

Take heed ere fummer comes^ or cuckoo^birds a& 

Away, Sir corporal Nym. 
Believe it, Page^ he ipcaks ienle, 


Ford, I will be patient ; I will find out this. 

Nym. And this is true : I like not the humour 
of lying; he hath wronged me in fome humours: 
I fliould have borne the humour'd letter to her > but 

T 2 I have 

276 Tie Merry JVives of Wind(br. 

^ I have a fword, and it Ihalltite upon my neceflify. 
He loves your wife ; there's the more and the long. 
My name is Corporal Nym i I feeak, and I avoudi ; 
'tis true : my name is Nym^ and Falftaff loves your 
Wife. Adieu \ I love not the humour of bread and 
cheefe : adieu. [£xi/ Nym. 

Page. The humour of it, quodi a* ! here's a fellow, 
frights humour out of its wits. 

Ford. I will fcek out Falftaff. 

Page. I never heard liich a drawling, affcdingrogiK. 

Ford. If I do find it : well. 

Page, ^ I will not believe fuch a Cataian^ tho* the 
prieft o' th' town commended him for a true man. 

Ford. 'Twas a good fenfiUe fellow : well. 

5 IhtwemfworJ, and it Jball hitt upon my meejiij, HtUcts 
purwifti &c.] This abfurd pailage mdy be pointed into fenft. 
J have a fivordt and it fitall hitt — ^uptn my necejffity^ bt Uvtt 

y»ur ivi/e, &c.< Having faid his Jnvord Jbould hiie^ he %xn 

ihorr, as was fitting : For he meant that it (hould hite mfen At 
higb-*vcay. And then turns to the fubjcd of his conference, aad 
fwears, iy his necejity^ that Fa/Jaff' loved his wife. 

5 / <ui7/ not beli£*v€fuch a Citaiaa, ] Mr. Tteci^U has hoe 
a pleaiant note, as ufual. 7his is * pitct •ffatirt tkmM Hd mi 
want itsftret at tht timt tfthisfUefs appearing ; /A»* the bifmf 
pn which it is grounded is Become ohjkUte, And then Celli a loK 
flory Q^ Martin FroBiJber attemptbg the north-weft pafiaee, lad 
bringing home a black (lone, as he thonght, rich in rad-ore: 
that it proved not fo, and that therefore Cataians and Fr^kijhen 
became by-words for vain boafters.— The whole ia aa idk 
dream. All the my ftery of the term Cataiam. for a liar, uodIt 
this. China was anciently called Cataia or Cathay^ by the fiii 
adventurers that travelled thither ; fuch as Af. PanU, and oor 
Mandevi/ie, who told fuch incredible wonders of this new & 
covered empire, (in which they have not been outdone eva fay 
the ye/uits thtmitWcst who followed thom) that a notoriou 
liar was ufually called a Cataian. 


Tie Merry Wives of Windfor. 

Mrs. Page and Mrs, Ford ccme forwards. 

Page. Howrow, iV4y? 

Mrs. Page. Whitiier go you» George? hark you* 

Mrs. Fcrd. How now, fwcet Franks why art thou 
melancholy ? 

Ford, I melancholy! I am not mekiKrholy, Get 
you home, go, 

Mrs. Ford, Faith, diou hafV fome crotdicts in thy 
head. Now, will you go, miftrcfs Page? 

Mrs. Page. Have witii you. You'll come to din- 
ner, George f Look, who comes yonder j fhe fliall be 
our meffenger to this paultry Knight, 

Enter Mijirefs Quickly, 
Mrs. ford, Ti^ nie, I thought on her, ihe*!I fit it. 
Mrs. i*^^f. You are come to fee my daughter ^^w/ 
^kk. Ay, forfooth \ and, I pray, how does good 
miftrcfs Anne? 

Mrs. Page. Go in with us, and lee; we have an 
hour's talk with you. 

[£.v. Mrs. Page, Mrs. Ford, and Mrs. Qukkly. 


Page. How now, maftcr Ford? 

F^rd* You heard what tFiis knave told me, did you 

Page. Yes ; and you heard what the other told me ? 

F^rd. Do you think there is truth in them ? 

Pi^tf. Hang *em, flaves 1 1 do not think, the Knight 
would offer it ; but thefe, that accufe him in his intent 
towards our wives, are a yoak of his difcardcd men \ 
very rogues, now they be out of fervice. 

Ford. Were they his men ? 

Pa^e. Marry, were they. 
^ ' T3 Ford. 


278 TSe Mtrry fTiva tf Windfilr. 

FerL I like it never the better for that. Does k 
lye at the Garter? 

Page. Ay, marry, does he. If he Ihould intend his 
voyage towards my wife, I would turn her loofc to 
him \ and v/hat he gets more of her than ihatp iroris, 
let ic lye on my head* 

FcrL I do not mifdoubt my wife, but I would be 
loth to turn them together ; a man may be too coo* 
fident ; I would have nothing lye on my head ; I cm* 
not be thus fatisfy*d. 

Page, Look, where my ranting Hoft of the Garter 
comes ; there is either liquor in his pate, or mony k 
his purfe, when he lodes fb merrily. How nov, 
mine Hoft? 


Enter Hoft And Shdlow. 

Uofi. How now, bully Rock? thou'rt a gendemaD} 
cavalerio-juffice, I fay. 

Sbal I follow, mine Hoft, I follow. Good even, 
and twenty, good matter Page. Mafter P^r, will 
you go with us ? we have fport in hand. 

Hoji. Tell him, cavalicro-juflice i tcU him, bully 

Sbal. Sir, there is a fray to be fought between Sr 
Hugh the JVelcb prieft, and Cains the French dodor. 

Ford* Good mine Hoft o'th* Garter, » vrord wli 

HoJi. What fay'ft thou, bully Rock? 

Sbal. Will you go with us to behold it? 0Q7 meflV 
Hoft hath had the mcafuring of then- weapons, «nd, I 
think, he hath appointed them contrary phcca^ fer, 
believe me, I hear, the parfon is no jeftcr. Hark, I 
vi!l tell you what our fport ftiall be. 

lioji. Haft thou no fuit agjunft my Kiugfa^ my 
gueft-cavalicr ? 


The Merry Wives of Windlbr. 

Ferd. None, \ proccft j but IMf give you a porcle of 
burnt fack to give me rccourfe to him, anJ tell him, 
y name is Brook j only ior a jcft. 
Hifi* My hand, bully : thou fhalt have cgrcfs and 
rcgrcfs i faid [ wel[ ? and rhy name (hall hcBrcQL It 
is a merry Knighr. * Will you go on^ Hcris ? 
SbaL Have with you, mine holt. 
Page, I have heard^ the Frmcbman hath good skill 
in hib rapier. 

^^ Sbal, ** Tut, Sir, I could have told you more; in 
Hp ihcfc times you ftandondiftance, your pafTcs, ftoc- 
^B* cado*s, and I know noc what : 'tis the hcarr, maftcr 
^V* Page \ 'tis herc^ *Us here. I have fcen the limCt with 
^Bf my long fword, I would liavc made you four tall 
^^* fellows skip like rats. 

Hojl, Here, boys» hcre> here : lliall we wag ? 
Page, Have widi you ; I had rather hear chem fcold 
than fight. [Exeuni Hoft, Shallow and Page. 

Fcrd, Tho* Page be a lecure fool, and ' ftand fb 
firmly on hia wife's frailty, yet I cannot put off my 
opinion to eafily. She was in his company at Fags*% 
houfe; and what they made there, I know nor. Wd!, 
I will look further tnto't \ and I have a diJgujfc co 

6 Wiiljeugo AN HEiKs ?] Thb hanfeafe J5 fpokcn toShaf/jw, 

We ihoulJ read, 

/. t. Wit] you go on, iVlutlcr. Htrh, an qlJ 5-'f/f j5 ^oj J fox mAHcr. 

y fian^ foJiTmly etr hh •wi/e^i ffailty,] Thus all ihc CopSci. Bat 

Ir. 'T^eoi^Jj ha& mo ^'om tptian how i^wy msti could li<ind tinnier on 

III wire*» frailEy. AnA wJiy \ BcCAuie lie had no coHctpnon how 

be could t^and upon id uuh^ue knowing what it was. But if I 

_tcl1 4 rtungcf, that the bfidgciieii abjut lo crofs is iott«, anJ 

"^ bclievca it not, but wifl gt* c»ii, ma/ J not fay, wbeo I Tec him 

on II. (h.LihcJbnds iirmly on a rotten ptHitk? Yet he hu 

changed /Tii/VOf fat fialtf^ and the Oxford Etfr't^r has followed 

him. But thry took the phrafe, n Jt^d firmlf an^ CO fignify f« 

imfifi tt^an ; whci^ea& it fignitici ^ r//? ufon, M'hich the ctarAdif 

^/rcuft/h^it ^ivcn lo him> ihcws. bo that chc comtnoa raid* 

iaas ftn dr^ncc thtt would be loH io iJu tJKrKion. 

Vot. i T 4 found 


j8o 75&« Mirrj Wives ^W\n6Sor. 

{bund Fai/laf: 

if I find her honcft, 1 lolc noc tuy 
be otbenvi^ 'th labour well beftow'd. 




Changes io the Gaiter-Ixm* 
EjUer Falftaff aift/ Piftol* 
Will not lend thee a penny. 

Pi^, Why then the world's mme ojrfiov 
.which I with fword wUI open — * I will retort tibe iioi 
m Equipage, 

J Fal. Noc a penny, I have been content. Sir, yoa 
flibuld lay my councenatice to pwn \ 1 have gtc td 
upon my good fricDds for three reprieves for you, and 
your couch- fellow, iV/w ; or clfc you bad 
through the grate, like a geminy of baboons, 
daain'd in hell for fwcaring cogentlemeti^ my 
you were good fold iers, and tall fellows. And 
millrefs Bridget loft the handle of her fan, 1 
upon mine honour, ihou hadft it nor. 
^ Piji. Did(^ thou not Iharc I hadft thcni not 
pence f 

Fal. Reafon, you rogue, reafon : think'fl thou. 111 
endanger my foul gratis ? At 2. word, hang 00 moft 
about me, 1 am no gibbec lor you : go, ' a Iboit knife 
and a throng, to your manour of Picii-baicbi go, 
you*ll not bear a letter for mc» you rogue ! you ftuid 
upon your honour! why, (hou unconEinable bafcnc&i 
it is as much as I can do to keep the term of mine bo- 
'nour precifc. I, I, I myfelf fomecimes, leaving 
fear of heaven on the lek hand, and hiding mine 

8 ivii'/irenrr tbi /um in 9fmpagt.'\ This it added froa 
^d Quarto of 16191 ^^ meant, i will pay you agUa in 

9 A ^rt Inif* uni a ttsrwg, ] So Ltttr^ Wktm Cmtfmrfit 
fitt it tkrtngi, 


The Merry Wives of Wind for. 

nour in my neccffity, am fein to (hufBc, to hedge and 
to lurch i and yet you rogue will cnfconfe your rags, 
'^ur cat-a-mountain looks, your red-letticc phrafcs, 
and * your bold-bearing oathtj under tlie flicker of 
your honour ! you will not do it, you ! 

Pijl. I do relent j what wouldil thou more of man? 

Enter Robin. 

R^^, Sir, here's a woman would Ipeak with you. 
Fd. Let her approach. 


Enter Msfirefi Quickly. 

^/r. Give your worfhip good morrow* 

/tf/. Good morrow, good wife, 

^tfrV. Not fo, and*t pleafc your worfliip, 

Fah Good maid, then, 

^wV. I'll be fworn, as my mother was, the fiift 
hour I was born. 

FaL I do believe the fwearer : what widi me ? 

^/V, Shall I vouchfafe your worihip a word or two ? 

FaL Two thoufand} fair woman, and Til vouchiafc 
thee the hearing. 

^mc. There is one miflrefsiVi, Sir: I pray* come 
a ttdc nearer this waysi I myfelf dwell with Mr, 
Dodor Caius. 

FaL Well, on: miftrefs Fm-d^ you fay— — 

^uic. Your worflup fays very true : I pray your 
woruiip, come a little nearer thh ways. 

Fd. I warrant thee, no body hears : mine own peo- 
ple, mine own people, 

^/r. Are they fo? hcav'n blefs them, and make 
ihcm his &rvanrs ! 

Fat, Well: miftrcfe Fi^ri, — what of her? 

xywrUliztKTx^xtimihvl Wc ihould read W/beakiko 

282 TIh Merry Wives of Wind for. 

^k. why. Sir, fhe*s a good creature. Lord, 
your worfliip's z wanton ; well, hcav'n foi^vt 

and al! of US, I pray 

/W. Miftrcis fW, come, miftrcfs Ftfr</^— 

^w. Marry, this is the ihcMt and the long of 

you have brought her into ilich a canaries, as *tig 
derful : the bcft courtier of them all, wheti the court 
lay at IVnidjoTy couH never have brought her to fuA 
a <»C»ry. Yet there iias been knights, and lords, and 
gentlemen^ vnth chdr coadics ; I warmnt you, coadi 
after coach, leiter after letter^ gift after gift, Ciiclfeg 
fo fwcccly J alt musk \ and fo rufsling, I warrant ynu, 
in filk and gold, and in facli alligant terms, and i 
wine and fug^ir of thebcftv and \\vt fairtft, tJiat xsnuu 
have won any woman's heart ; and, I warrant you, 
they could never gir an eye-wink of her. I had my- 
Jelf twenty ^gels ^ven mc this mornmg ; but I ddic 
all angels, in any fucli fort ^^ tlicy fay, but in the 
of honeftyi and I warrant you, they could never 
her fo much as Hp on a cup with the proudcft of ih^ 
all ; and yet there has been earls, nay, which is 
penfioners \ but, I warrant you, all is one with her. 

FaL But what fays fljc to mc ? be brief, my 
She Mercury. 

^ic. Marry, fhc hath teceivM your kttcr, (or 
whici ibe thanki you a thoufand times % and ihe 
you to notifie, that her husband will be abfencc 
his houfe between ten and ckyien. 

FtiL Ten and eleven. 

%/f , Ay, forfooth \ and then you may come 
lee the prftute, ihe fays, that you wot of: mafler 
her husband, will be from home* Alas! the 
woman leads an ill life with Mm, h<*s a very jc; 
man ; fhe leads a very frampold life with hiin, 

FaL Ten and eleven : woman, commend mc to ha, 
I will not f^l her. 

7%e Merry IVives of Windfor. 

^V, Why, you fay well : But I have another mcf- 
fengtr to your worlhip $ mi(lrcls Page has her hearty 
coiomendatiofis to you too \ and let mc tell you in 
your car, (he's as fartuous a dvil modcft wife^ and one 
(1 teU you) that will not mifs you morning nor evco* 
log prayer, as any is in Winijsr^ whoe'er be the other; 
and ihe bad mc tell your worftiipj tliat her husband \% 
fcldom from home, but, Jhe hopes, there will come a 
(ime. I never knew a woman lb doat upon a mabi 
furely, 1 think you have charms, la % yes, in truth. 

FaL Not I, I aJTure thee ; fetting the attraflion of 
iny good parts afide, I have no otiicr charms. 

^ic. BleOlng on your heart fbr't! 

FaL But I praythcc, cell me this j has /VriTs wife, 
and PiJjtf's wile, acquainted each other how they love 
mc ? 

^/V. That were ajetl, indeed; tliey have not lb 
little grace, I hope \ that were a rrick, indeed ! bui 
miibeis Fagt would defire you to fend her your htdc 
page, of all loves : her husband has a marvellous in* 
fedhon to the little page ; and, truly, xnafter P^e is 
an honeft man. Never a wife in fViftdfar leads a better 
life, than Ihe does; do what (he will, lay what fhe will, 
take all, pay all, go to bed when fhe lift, rife when fhe 
lift, all is as fhe will; and, truly, Ihe deferves it ; tor 
if there be a kind woman in IVindfify truly, fhe is one. 
Yon muft fend her your pagej no remedy, 

Fal Why, I will. 

^uk. Nay, but do fo then \ and look you, he may 
come and go between you both, and in any caic have 
a nay-word, that you may know one another's mind : 
and the boy never need to underftand any thing 5 for 
'tis not good, that children fhould know any vndced* 
fiefs : old folks, you know, have difcretion, as they &y^ 
^d know the world. 

Fid* Fare thee well ; commend mc to them both : 


77j(r Merry Wives of Wind for. 

there's my purfr, I am yet thy debtor. Boy, go along, 
with this woman. This news diftraids mc ! 

[£x«wr/ Quickly and Roto, 

Pffi. * This pink is one of Cupids carriers : 
Clap on more faiJs ; purfue 5 up with your fights; 
Give fire j fhe is iny prize, or ocean whelm them all! 

[Exit Piftol. 

Fa!, Say'ft thou fo, old Jack? go thy ways-, TB 
make more of thy old body, than 1 have done ; wiB 
they yet look after thee ? Wilt thou, after the expcna 
of fo much mony, be now a gainer? good body, 1 
thank theej let them fay, 'tis grofsly done \ lb ic be 
fairly done, no matter. 

% *nfii runic j'j one e/ Cupid*s carriers^ 

Clap en mort failn par/uri up witli your lights, 
Gt*vs fire.} fif it wty /r/zr] f*j> /««^ u 9iu^ cf CufU 
tsrrUrt^ is a plaufiblc readings yc\ abford on CxaniinntJoB, 
aiC not all punks Cu|>i<i*& iurrhrs? Sh^iffftAr Certainly 

^hit PIW* is tnt ^Cupiil^j rarritrs^ 
ftnd then Uie fcnfi: I3 proper, and thr meuphor, which i| aU die 
way taken from the maiinCi tmlrt. A Pink is a vrfTeJ of tkt 
fmnK craft, employed as a carrier (ind fo called) for mcrchtt^^ 
FUtchet ufc3 the word, in his Tamtr ^ameit. 

This PINK, t^is paintfd Joijl, ihn t&cklt'h^mi^ 
^fl hatjg htr fighis ca^, und 4ffy jwr, Tritnd^t ^ 
A 'Wfifknuivn mart of 'war ^— 
As to the woTd/g$tj^ both in the text and in thequotstSbi^ 
then, and, fdr ought I knoxtr, may be now, acomracm tea*! 
Sir Rifhard Btvwkins in his voyages, p, 66* iays, ■ -Far oM:t 
tlturtd htr dg^k, and hsdtat hurt ahU io ha^vt fpArti ^mta data 
mifi, doubt h/s ^iijt ^od dont^ji^itb hfr*u.'b^t'we 'Uiokldy for ft c Kid 
noclofc victm^ i. r. if / nndtrftaitd it ri^ht, mo Jmmil a 
So that ^y fights is jcncani any manner of de^fe, cither £auU 
or cantkon. So Drydcn, in his tiage^dy of JmiffyMa^ ' 
U^ 'With jour F 1 c H T 5 , 
^Jfd your nettings frtpsrt^ ScC, 
But* not ctsmfiticrtng thLs lied the Oxford Edit9rintt% a, CM f 
jefluxc, wKich he has done roe the hoiiGur of piutiog mto/f/iiifxi 
Wbidi 13 indeed a proper place for it, 

V^ %utt^ roMD' rRjOAT, 


The Merry Wives of Windlbr: 285 

S C E N E IX. 

Enter Bardolph. 

BarL 'Sir Jobrty there's one mafter ' Brook belo^ 
would fain fpeak witli you, and be acquainted with 
you \ and hath fent your worihip a morning's draught 
of fack. 

FaL Brook^ is his name ? 

Bard» Ay, Sir. 

FaL Call him in ; [Exit Bardolph.] fuch Brdiks are 
welcome to me, that overflow with fuch liquor. Ah ! 
ah ! miftrefs Ford and miftrefiP/^jy, have I encompafs'd 
you? go to, via! 

Re-enter Bardolph, with Ford difpn^d. 

Ford, Blefs you. Sir, 

FaL And you. Sir; would you fpeak with me? 

Ford. I make bold to preis with fo little preparation 
upon you. 

FaL You're welcome ; what's your will? ^ve us 
kave, drawer. [Exit Bardolph. 

Ford, Sir, I am a gentleman that have ipent much } 
my name is Brook. 

FaL Good mafter jSr^^^, I defire more acquaintance 
of you. 

Ford. Good Sir Jobn^ I fue for yours ; not to charge 
you ; for I muft let you underftand, I think myfelf in 
better plight for a lender than you are, the which hath 
ibmething emboldened me to oiis unieaibn'd intrulion^ 
for they fay, if mony go before, all ways do Jye open. 

Fal. Mony is a good foldier. Sir, and will on. 

Ford. Troth, and I have a bag of mony here trou- 

3 Edition of 1619, in all the Tucceeding editions this name ot 
Bro§k (I can't tell why] is alter'd to Br^em : whereas it is maoifeft 
from this conceit apon the Mine that it ihould be Br^tk. 

Mr. Popf- 


^86 7Z^ Merry H^ivts c/ Windfer. 

blcs mc; if you will help me to bear it» Sir Jebny takr 
all, or half, for cafing mc of the carriage, 

Fd. Sir» I know not how 1 may dcfervc to be yar 



Fbrd. I will tell you, Sir, if you will ^ve mc 

FaL Spcuk* good maftcr Brook^ I fliall be glad 
be your ienrant, 

Ford* Sir, I hear, you are a fcholari (I will be brief 
with you) and you have been a man Jong known w 
mc, tno' I had never lb good means, as dcfire, to make 
myfelf acquainted with you : I fhall diicover a thii^to 
you, wherein I muft very much Jay open mine o^ 
imperfc^^^ions ; but, good Sir John^ as you haTe ok 
eye upon my follies, as you hear them unfolded, aim 
another into the regiftcr of your own, that I may pab 
with a reproof the eafier ; fith you yourTclf know, m 
cafie it is to be fudi an offender. 

Fal, Very well: Sir, proceed, 

Ferd. There is a gendewoman in this CO«n> \0 
husband's name is Ferd. 

Fat. Well, Sir. 

Ford, I have lor^ lov'd her i and, I proceft to yoOii 
bcftoVd much on her; foBowM her with a doflJM 
obTcrvanoev ing^fs'd oppofttinirica to meet her; fi»*d 
every flight occafion, that could but niggaxdly ^ve 
me fight of her y not only bou^t many prefioo tx> 
give her, but have given Ivgely to mmy, lo Impa 
what (he would have given : briefly, I have ptvfNi 
her, i^ tove hath pttrfti'd me, which hath bocn on ifct 
wi^oi^allocca&ons. But whatfocvcr I have niukd^ 
dtherki my miDdiOrinmy means; mecd,lamftie» 
I have re c e iv ed none ; unkfi exp etknce be a icwd; 
That I have purchasM at an infimcc rate, aau Thtf 
hatfatau^ me to iay this; 



PMr/Uif tim$ ibMtfiet^ mdjlfagwbMfmJm. 

!7& Merry Wives a/' Wind for. 

FnL Have you recciv'd no promifir of latiflfa^oa 

at her hards ? 

fiffi. Never. 

Fal. Have you importun'd her to fuch a purpose? 

Ford. Never. 

fd, Oi what quality was your love then? 

/bri. Like a fair houJc, built on another man^i 
^und \ fo that I have loft my edifice, by miftaking 
the place where I ereclcd ir. 

Fal. To wliat purpofc have you unfolded dm to 
me ? 

F(frd. When I have toki you that, I have tolJ you 
all, iiQme iay, that tho* Ihc appear honeft to me, yet 
in other places ihe enlargcth her mirth fo fur, that there 
is flirewd conftruilion made of hen Now, Sir John^ 
here is the heart of my purpofe ; You arc a gentleman 
of excellent breeding, admirable difcourfc, of great ad- 
mittance, authentick in your place and perfon, gene- 
rally allow'd for your many war-like, court-like, and 
learned preparations* 

FaL O Sir ! 

Fcrd. Bdieve ir^ for you know it ; there is mony, 
^>cnd it, fpend it i foend more, fpend all I have, only 
give me fo much of your time in exchange of it, as to 

San amiable fiege to the honcfty of diis Ford'^ wife j 
your art of wooing^ win her to confent to you; if 
any man may, you may as foon as any* 

FiiL Would it apply well co the vehemence of your 
tffe<%on, that I fhould win what you would enjoy ? 
methinks, you prcfcribc to yourfcif very prepoftc- 

Ford. O, undcrdand my drift ; fhc dweUs fo fccurely 
On the excellency of lier honour, that the folly of my 
foul dares not prefcnt itfeit ; Ihc is too bright to be 
look'd againft. Now, could 1 come to her with any 
detedhon in my hand, my defircs had inlbnoe and ar- 
gument to commend themlclves ^ 1 could dnve her 


288 lie Merry IPlvii of Windfor. 

then fipoin the ward of her purky, hrr rrputatioo, ht 
marriage-vow, and a thodand oihcr her defaxoi 

which now arc coo tcx> ftron^y embattel'd agamft ox: 

What % you to't. Sir Jcbnf 

Fal. Mafter Brssk^ I will iirft make boW with yoar 

I mony; next, ^vc me your hand* and laft* as I ami 

I genclcnian, you (hall, if you will, e/ijoy F<ifrd*s wife. 
^^ Fard. O good Sir ! 
^H Fal. Mafter Brcok^ I fay, you flulL 
^^ Ford. Want no mony. Sir J&hj$^ you (hall mtf 

ft none. 

I F(j/. Want no miftrcfe Ford, mafter Brcok^ you iUI 

I wane none i I Ihall be with her^ I may tell you, by bff 

H own appointment. Even as you came in to me, bc( 

I aififtanc, or go-between, parted from me ; I &y, I ikall 

I be with her between ten and eleven ; for at that rime 

■ the jealous rafcally knave, her husband, will be forth; 
I come you to me at night, you ftuU know bow I 
B Ipeed. 

■ Fprd, I am blcft in your acqu^tsmcc : do you know 
I Ford^ Sir? 

I FaL Hang bim> poor cuckoldly knave, I know him 

I not : yet I wrong him* to call him poori they fi^, 

W the jealous wittolly knave hach mafles of mony, wr 

L the which his wife fccms to be wcll-fa\^ur*d. I iriB 

I ufe her as the key of the cuckoldly*rogvie's coScr; 

■ and there's my harveft-home. 
P Ford. I would you knew fori, Sir, that you m'^ 
r avoid him, if you law him. 

I Fd. Hang him, mechanical fak-butter rogue, I 

I will ftarc him out of his wits*, I will awe him with 

I cudgel ; it ftali hang like a meteor o*cr the Cuckot 

\ boms. Mafter Brooke thou fhalt know, I will prcd' 

I minate over the peafant ; and thou flialt lye with 

I wife : Come to me foon at night ; iwi's a knave, and 

■ -I will aggravate his ftile: thou, matter Brw*, fliik 

■ know him for knave and cuckold : come to mc foott^ 

■ at lught. C-^^fl 
^. S C £ N n 


The Merry JViv^s of Wind lor. 



Fufi- What a damn*d Epicurean raical is this! my 
heart is ready lo crack with imparicncc. Who fays, 
this is improvident jcaloufic? my wife hath lent to 
him, the hour is fixt, the match is made; would any 
man have thought this? fee the hell of having a falie 
woman \ my bed Ihail be abus*d, my coffers ranfack'd, 
fny reputation gnawn at ; and I fliall not only receive 
this vjllainous wrong, but Hand under the adoption of 
abominable terms, and by him that does me the wrong. 
Terms, names ■, Jmaimm founds well j Lucifer^ well j 
Barbajon^ well ; yet they arc devils* additions^ the 
names of fiends : fauc cuckold, wittol, cuckold ! the 
devil himfetf hath not fuch a name. P^ge is anals, a 
fecure af9, he will truft his wife ; he wilJ not be jealous : 
I will rather truft a Fleming with my butter, paribn 
Hugh the Wekhnum with my chede, an Irijhman with 
jniy Apuvsta bottle, or a thief to walk my ambling 
gelding, than my wife with herfelf: then Ihe plots, 
then i)ic ruminates, then flie devifes: and what thcv 
think in their hearts they may effect, they will break 
their hearts but they will effect. Hcav'n be prajs*^^ 
for my jealoufie ! Eleven o'clock the hour; I will pre- 
vent tnils deted my wife, be rcveng'd on Falfiaffy aa4 
laugh at Page: ] will about it : better three hours top 
foon, than a minute too late. Fie, fie, fi^^ cudcold, 
cuckold, cuckold J {Ejnu 


OjangfS to Wind for Park* 
Entir Caius#«ri/ Rugby, 
Cam. \ACK Rugby I 
I Rug. Sir. 

* Cuius, Vat is de clock, 'Jatkf 
Vol. I, U Ri^x 

290 7^^ Merry IVives ^Windfor 

jRug, 'Tis paft t}ic hour. Sir, chat Sir Hugh proam'ij 

to meet, 

Cmus. By ^i*, he has lave hb foul, dat be h do 
come \ be has pray his pibic well, dat he is no come. 
by gar, J^ck Rugby ^ he is dead already, if he be come 

Rug, He is wife, Sir \ he knew, your worihip wcwli 
kJl him, it* he came. 

Oiitu. By gar» de herring is not ^ &> dead as is 
vill make him< Take your rapier. Jack } I loO cd 
you how I wiU kill him. 

Rug, Alas, Sir, I cannot faice* 

Quus. Villany, take your rapier. 

Rug. Forbear ; here's company. 

Enier Hoft, Shallow^ Slender mid Page. 

Heft, *Bkls thee, bully Doftor. 

ShaL 'Save you^ Mr. Doctor Cuius., 

Page, Now, good Mr, Doftor. 

Skn, Give you good morrow, Sir, 

Caius, Vat be all you, one, cwo, tree, four, 

Hoft, To fee thee fight, to fee thee foignc, to fa 
thee traveifr^ to fee thee here, to fee thee there, to fa 
ihec pais thy pundoj thy ftock* thy reverie, ihy dif 
tanccj thy montant. Is he dead, my Ethiopua? h 
he dead, my Franfoyes? ha, buUy ? what lay$ iny 
JEfculapius? my Galen? my hearc of eklcr? ha? it 
he dead, bdly-uale? is he dead ? 

Caius, By gar, he is de coward Jnck-Prieft of dt 
vcrld ; he is not Ihow his face, 

H(^ft. Thou art a Ceftalim-king-Urin^tl : Hc&9r of 
Greccf^ my boy. 

Cains, I pray you bear wimcft, that me have 
fixorieven, two, tree hours for him, and he 

Sbal, He iS the wilcr man, Mr.Do(5lor; he b a 

4 <^%rto Ediuon^ iCi9. Mr. Pt^, 

7%B Merry Wives ^Windfon 291 

of fouls, and you a curcr of bodies: if you IhouJd 
fight, you go againfl the hair of your profeflions r 1% 
k not true, mafter Page? 

Pagf, Mafter ShaUow^ you have yourfelf been a 
great fighter, tho' now a maji of peace, 

Sbal, Body-kins, Mr. Page^ dio' 1 now be old, and 
of peace, if I fee a fword our, my finger itches to nuke 
one; tho* we arejuPjces^ and doctors, and cliurch- 
Cicn, Mr. PagCy we have ibmc fait of our youth in usi 
we arc the ions of women, Mr, Pagi, 

Page. 'Tis true, Mr. Sball<m. 

SbaL It will be found lb, Mr. Page, Mr. Doftor 
Caius^ I am come to fetch you home \ I am fwom of 
the peace ; you have fhew'd yourielf a wife phyfician, 
and Sir Hugh hath Ihown Jiimfclf a wife and patient 
churcli-nian; you muft go with me, Mr. Doftor. 

Hoft, Pardon, gueft-jufticc i a word, Monfieur 

Caius, Mock-vater? vatisdat? 

Hoft. Mock-water, in our Englijh tongue^ 15 valour^ 

Caius, By gar, then I have as much mock-vater ai 
dc Engltjhfmn^ fcurvy-jack-dog-prieft i by gar, me 
y^ cue his ears. 

Hofi, He will clapper-claw thee tightly, bully. 

Caius. Clapper-de-claw ? var is dat ? 

Hofi, That IS, he will make thee amends. 

Cmits, By gar, me dobok, he £hall dapper-do*d4W 
mc; for by gar, me vili have it, 

Hofi. And I will provoke him to*t, or let him wag. 

Cmus. Me tank you for dat. 

Hofi, And moreover, bully : but firft, Mr. Gucft, 
and Mr. Pag€^ and eek Cavalitr^ Skndtr^ go you 
through the town to Frcgmore, 

Page. Sir Hugh is there, is he ? 

HejL He is there; fee, what humour he is jn*, and 
I will bring the Do*5kor about the fields: will it do 

U z SiaJn 

292 7J>e Merry JVives ^Windfbr. 

Sbal. Wc will do it. 

Jll, Adku, guod Mr. DoScflr, 

lExeufti Page, Shallow artdSlaA!. 

Caius, By gar, mc vill kill dc prieft; for he fpeal 
for a jack-an^apc to Anftf Page. 

Hoji. Let hini die 5 but, firft, fheath tliy impadenttj 
threw cold water on rhy choleri go about mc fiekk 
with me through Frcgmffn ; * I will tmng thee wfa 
mftrcfi /ime Page is, at a ferm-houfc a fcafting \ wi 
thou fhalt woo her. Cry aim, faid I well ? 

5 / tcrV/ Sriitg tbi€ ^vhrrt Anne Page iV, mt m jArm- 

ff&jiirff i ani t'mu fa^ff itetf htr^ CItrV fi A M C | /Aid Iwi 

Mr. 73"i^/-^alterj thisnonfenfc w ^/^Vgtfftfi-f rK^t ii, lo 

reafe ol'x worfc complcxton. ShaAe/petir frroce aod p«»^*^ 

c R. V A J M, ^Ari/ / 'weii? i. e. conTent 10 ic« ftpproTC of it> 

Have Doi I made a good propofal ? for i> ri7 aim figni^ 10 cw* 

fcnt to, or approve of any thmg. So ag»in in ihi» pUjr, /. 5ce» 

Aitdi9 tht/t ifhUmt pr4(te4i»j>t aU my mtighUi^j ^fil>mH ciT aiv, 

i. r. approve them. And again in King J&hn^ Ad a* ScClfi J« 

// Hi bif^ftft thtj prefiiti€ ta CI.T At ic 

To thtft iU*tuited npHittontf 

4, e. to approve of, or encoaragc rhem. The phrxle 

oriatnally, from archery. When any one had challenged 

^o m<x)C at the butis (the pcrpecual d'lvtt^on, as w«U as cxcrctic, 

of chat time) the iUndcu by ufed to fay oti« to tlie ocbcr, 

"«/!«, i. c. accept ihe challenge. Thus Staumcnr and fktcitf 

(he Fair mnid af the inn, A£k 5, make the i?Hj|f (ay, 

— ^— ^ ft*^ / cfy AIMS 

Tp /A/j mnhmrJ of infikntt - 

I r. encourage it, and. igrcc CO the rcquell cf the duel, which 

of his fubjcfls had infolcntly demanded againil the other. 

We it II retnarkablcp that ihe fcnkTcfs tSkors not kskoivisg m)A. 

to make of the phrafe Cty aim^ rend it thus, 

mufi I cry AI-UE; At if U wa3 afiOtecf 

bwrjeftior. So again ma^nger in his GuardiiXM, 

J ivi7/ CRY MM* arrd in anofhtr revm 
f ' Ottttmitte ttf my ^ipigtanu < - ■ 

IJ^nd again, in his Retifgadt, 

to play iht Pawior 

To t^e Fi(froyj i^ojt tmhracet* ir»/ CUT A f M» 

}Fhfh he by forte er fnifiry 


feut the Oxfard EMtar rran&fnrms it to C^ck &* /A* C^m^ ; and Jiii 
improvements of SMe/pettr^i language abound M^ith iJtefe BodcA 
tiegancicsof fpeccb, fuch 3» Mjnhfrt, BmJ/ Mfimgs, Sic, 

^': Caha, 

7%i Merry IFives of Windfor. 293 

Caius. By gar, me tank you vor ^ : |>y g^r, I 
love you ; and I Ihall procure '4 you degpod gudt ; 
de Earl, de Knight, de Lordf, de Genclenien, my 

Hoji, For the which I toB be thy advq-iary towar4. 
.^^me Page : iaid I well ? 

Cam. By gar, 'tis good j vdl 6id. 

Hoft. Let us wag then. 

Caius. Come at my heels. Jack Rugly, 



Frogmorc, near Wiadfor. 
Eftier Evans and Slmpk. 

£ ▼ A ir t. 

I Pray you now, good mafter SknJer*s fiavingman, 
and friend Simpk by your name, which wav have 
you look'd for aurar C^ritf , tib^tf calls Wfelf 
Do^or of Phsftckf 

Sin^. Marry, fflr, the Pitty-warfj die Park-ward^ 
vrtPf way, old JVin^or W3y, and every way but the 
town way. 

Eva, I moft fehcmeatly defice you» you ^Hdll alfo 
look that way. 
Simp. I will. Sir. 

Eva. Tlefs my foul, how full of diollars I am, and 
trempling c^ mind ! I fliall be glad, it he iiavc (ie- 
ceiv'd me 5 how mclancholhes I ami . I will kiK);^ his 
urinals about his knave's coftard, when 1 have good 
opportunities for the orke: 'Plcfs my fou! ' 

[Srr.g,;^ being afraid, 

U3 By 

The Merry Wives of Wind for. 

■ ^jhiUow rivers^ to "ivhofc falls 
MehdJotrs birds fmg madrigalls ; 
^hers will we make our peds of r&fis 5 
^d a thmfmtd vragrant fqfits. 

ByfbaUow — *Mercyofime! I have a great d3 
tjons CO cry. Alekdious birds ftng madrigalls — 

as I fat in Pabilon \ mid a tbQuj&nd vragn 

?fj.< Byfl^allo^y &c 

I ByJ^ali^nij n'ven, &C, ] Thi$ Is p^rt of a bcaodfal 
po£m of the auchor's, whkh poem, and the anfwer tO ^ 
itidcr will not be dilplwfed to find here, " 

^hc Paffwnate Shepherd to bis Lcve. 

Live wirh me, and be jny Low, 
And wewil] alt the ri»rure pruve. 
That Hills and Vallirs, Dak and Field, 
And all iht craggy Mounuins yield. 
There will we fit opon the Rock:. 
And kt; (he Shepherds feed their Flocks^ 
By Oiailow Rivers, by whole Fills « 
Melodious Birds fing Madiigales.. 
Thert will I Diake thee Beda ofRofes, 
With a thoufend fragrant Koffes 1 
A Cap of Flowers, and a Girdle 
Imbroider'd all with Icav^ j^of Myrtle i 
A Gown' made of (he ^jitd Woala 
Which from our prrity Lambs we pull e 
Fair Uned Slippers for the cold. 
With Buckles of the purcfl Gold) 
A Bdt of Straw, «nd IvicBuds, 
With Coral CUips, snd Amber Studs* 
And if thcfe Picaiures may thee mOve» 
'Then litff with me, and be my Love. 
The Shepherds Swams (h^ll daoce and ftng. 
For ihy Delight each May Morning. 
Jf thcfe Delights thy mind may move. 
Then live with mc, and be sny Love^ 

Tie Merry fVives ^ Windfor. 

Simp. Yonder he is coming, this way. Sir Hugh, 

Eva. He's welcome. By fljoUc^ rivers^ t& whofs 


H»av*n profper the right! what weapons is he? 

Simp, No weaponSj Sir j tht^re comes my mafter, 
Mr. Shallow^ and another gentleman from Frogmcre^ 
over the ftile, this way, 

Eva, Pray you, gjvc me my gown, or elfe keep it 
in your arms, 

The Nympb*s Reply to ibe Shepherd. 

If chat the World and Lovr were young. 
And Truth tn every Shepherd** Tongue i 
Thffe pretty PIcaTurej rotght jnc move. 
To live with the*, and be ihy Ldve. 
Time drives the Flocks fiom Field to Fold, 
When Rrveri rage, and Ractcs grow cold > 
Afid Phikmri becomeih dumb. 
And all complaiik of Carci lo come : 
The Flowers do fade, and wanton Fieldi 
To wayward Wioter reckoning jictJ*. 
A honey Tongue, a Heart of Gall, 
1» Fancy's Spring, but borrowV Fali. ^ 

Thy Gow[i£t thy Shve?^ ihy Bed of Roiei^ 
Thy Cap, thy Girdle, and thy Pofics .- 
Some break, fomc wither, fome forggiten, 
In Folly ripe, in Re&i't>n roitcsi. 
Thy &U or Straw ai»d ivie BadS| 
Thy Coral Ciafps and Amber Stud*, 
All thefe in me no me;ini can move* 
To come to thee, a«d he thy Love. 
But could Youth bit, and Love IliU breed. 
Hid Joys no daie^ ^nd Age no need \ 
Then thcfe Delights my Mind might iMyvc, 
To live with the«, m^ be thy Love, 



7ht Merry fFiv^i ^/'Wiftdfor* 

S C fi N E 11. 

Enter Page, Shallow, anj Slender. 

Sbal, Fiowi;oiff,niaftcr Pariofl? goodnlorr6w,j_ 
Sjr iJu^i, Keep a gamcftcr from the dice, and a good 
liudcrtt from his book, and it is wonderful, 

SUn. Ah, J'weec yfftfjc Page ! 

Page. Save you, good Sir Hufh. 

Eva. Tlefs you Irom his mercy*fake, all of 

Sb^L What? die fword and Vhe i^ord ? do 
ftudy them borli, Mr. Pardon ? 

Page, And youthful ftiJi, in your doublet and bofe, 
this raw-rhcumacick day ? 

Eva. There is reaJbns and (auf^s for it. 

Pagi^ We are c»me to you, to do a good office^ 
Mr. Parfon, 

Eva. Ferry well : what is it f 

Page. Yonder is a moft rcvtrtnd gentleman, who, 
belike^ having receiv'd wrong by fomc pcribn» is « 
moft odds with his own gravity and paticrtcc, dtat 
ever you faw, 

SbaL I ba^ liv'd fourfcorc years, and upward ; 
I never heard a rhan of his place, gravity and Icamir^, 
fo wide of his own refpcd:, 

Eva. What is he? 

Page. I think, you khoW hifh 5 Mr. Dodl^ 
the renowned French phyfician. 

Eva, Got*s wiJi^ and his paOlbn of my heart! 
had as lief you (hbuM tell mc of a n>c6 of pbtrit 

Pag^, Why? 

Eva. He has no more knowledge in HihccraUs and 
Galm ; and he is a knave befides ; a cowardly knave 
as you would defire to be acquainted withal. 

Page, I warrant you, he's the man ihogid fight with 

Sieft. G, iwect Anne P^gf! 

S C E N 

Tie Merry fFives of Wind&r, 




Enter Hoft, Caius, ixnd Rugby, 

JW, It appears (o^ by his weapons : keq> them afun* 
dtr : here comes Dodor C^ms. 

Page. Nay, good Mr. Parfon, keep in yo\ir weapon. 

Sbal, So do you, good Mr, Doftor. 

Hoji. Difarm them, and let them queftion i Jet 
them keep tlieir limbs whoJe, and hack our Engltjb^ 

Caius, I pray you, fct-a me ipeak a word with ytxir 
car : wherdbre vill you not meet-a mc? 

Eva. Pray you, uk your patience in good time, 

Caises. By gar, you are de coward, de Jtui dogi 
J$hn ape, 

£uj. Pray you, let us not be laughing flocks to 
other mens humours : I defire you in fiicndfhip, and 
npU one way or other nnake you amends; I wiJi knog 
your urinal about your knav€*s cogs-comb * for mil- 
Jing your meetings and appointments. 

Cuius. Diablel Jack Rugly^ mine ihji de jMrltre^ 
IiAve I not lUy for him, to kill him ? have I a^A.^ ne 
de place I did appoint ? 

Eva. As 1 am a chri(lian*s foul, flow k>ok you, 
dus b the place appointed j i'U be judgment by mine 
Hoft of the Garter. 

Hoji, Peace, I fay, CalUa and Gasd^ French and 
iVikh^ foul-curer and body-curer, 

€aius. Ay, dat ts very good, exccBent. 

Hcfi, Peace, I lay \ hear fnine H6ft tif the Garter. 
Am I politfck ? am I fubtlc ? am I a Mach^svei? fhafl 
I lofe my Doftor ? no ; ht ^va mc the potions and 
the mowMis, ShaH 1 Ibfe my Parftm ? my PrK-ll? 

dK proverbs and 
id, terrtflnali fo; 


z Thc(e wordi arc aided from ihe Erik editIor«. 

Mr. Pife. 


29 S TiSe Merry IFk^ of WmdCor. 

Give mc thy hand, celeftial ; fo. Boys of ajt, I 

decieivM you both : I have direScd you to n 
places ; your hearts are mighty, your skins arc whol^ 
and kt bum*d fade be the ilTuc. Come, lay their 
f^vords to pawn. Follow me, lads of peace, fbUof, 
follow, follow. 

Shot. Truft me, a mad hoft. Follow, gcntkmcn, 

Slen. O, fwttt jffme Page ? 

[Exeunt ShaJ- Sien. Page anJU* 

Caius. Ha! do I perceive dac? have you 
a-dc'fot of us, ha, ha ? 

Eva. This is well, he has made us his vioutipg' 
ftc^, 1 dcfire you, tliat we may be friends ; and Jet 
us knog our prains together to be revenge on ifcai 
fame ftSd^fcurvy-cogging companion, the Hod of die 

Guus, By gar, with all my heart ; he pftmnfe » 
bring mc where is Anne Page ; by gar, he decenre oc 

Eva. Well, I will fmitc his noddles j pray yoc, 
follow, [£yflfitf, 

7he Streety in Windfor. 

Enter Mljlrefs Page, and Robin. 

Mrs. Page, T^ A Y, keep your way, little git 
JJN lant J you were wont to be a kil- 
lower, but now you are a leader. Whether had yoo 
rather lead mine eyes, or eye your mailer's heels i 

Rob, I had rather, forfooin^ go before you like 4 
man, than follow him like a dwarf. 

Mrs, Page, O, you are a flattering boy i now, I lo{ 
you'll be a Courtier, 

7%e Merry IFives ^Windfon 
Enter Ford, 

Fori, Well met, miftrefs Page j whither go j«)U ? 

Mrs* Page, Truly, Sir, ta Ice your wife 5 is fhcat 
home ? 

F^d. Ay i and as idle as fhe may hang together^ 
for want of company ; I think, if your husbands were 
dead, you two would marry, 

Mrs. Page, Be furc of that, two other husbands. 

Ford. Where had you this pretty weather-cock ? 

Mrs. Psge, I cannot tell what the dickens his name 
is my husband had him of: what do you call your 
^Knight's name, firrah ? 

Rob, Sit Jobfs Falftaf, 
, Ford. Sir ysin Faljiaff? 

, Mrs, Page. He, he \ I can never hit on*s naine j 
there is fuch a league between my good man and he 
Js your wife at home, indeed ? 
^ Ford, Indeed, flie is. 

Mrs, -P^/f. By your leave, Sir ; lam fick, *till I 
^Kber. [Exeunt Mrs, Page and Robin, 


TO ar 



^6rd, Has Page any brains ? hath he any eyes ? hath 
any thinking ? fure, they flcep ; he lialh no ufc of 
them. Why, this boy will carry a letter twenty miJe, 
as cafy as a cannon will ftoot point-blank twelve-fcore ^ 
he pieces cut his wife's inclinaDon \ he gives her folly 
motion and advantage ^ and now fhe's going to my 
wife, and Falfia^^ boy with her. A man may hear 
this fhower fing in the wind; and FalfiaJ^^ boy with 
her! good plots ; they are laid, and our revolted 
Iwivcs fliare damnation together. Well, 1 will take 
him, then torture my wife i pluck the borow*d veil 
of modcfty from the fo (ceming luiftrcfs PagCy divulge 
P^^tf himfelf for a fecurc and wilful ASeon^ and to 
xhdk violent proceedings aU my neighbours fhall 

300 7Z^ Merry Wives of Windfor. 

cry aim. The clock gives me my cue, and my i- 
furancc bids me fearch j there I fliall find Falftaff; 1 
fhall be rather praifcd for this, than mocked ^ for it is 
as pofitivc as the earth is firm, that Falftaff is there; 
I will go. 


JV Ww, Enter Page, Shallow, Slender, Hoft, Evins. 

and Caius. 

Shd. Page, tSc Well met, Mr. Ford. 
■ Ford, Truft me, a good knot : I have good dw 
at home, and, I pray you, all go with me. 

ShaL I muft cxcufe myiclf, Mr. Ford. 

Skn. And fo muft I, Sir *, we have appointed to 
dine with Mrs. Anne, and I woiddnot break with her 
for more mony than 1*11 Ipcak of. 

ShaL We have linger'd about a match between Ami 
J^age and my coufin Slender, and this day we ihsQ 
tavc our anfwer. 
• Skn. I hope I have your good will, father Page. 

Page. You have, Mr. Sknder ; I ftand wholly for 
you i but my wife, matter Doctor is for you, alro- 

Caius, Ay, by gar, and de maid is love-a-zne : mf 
XiVixih-z-^ickfy tell me fo mufh. 

Heft. What lay you to young Mr. Fenton ? he ca- 
pers, he dances, he has eyes of youth, ^ be writes 
verfes, he fpcaks holy-day, he fmelis April and Mg)\ 
he will carry*t, he will carry't \ 'tis in his buttons^ he 
will carry't. 

3 He otr/Vrj nfcrfts^ lie fpeaks hoTy-day, ] V. #. in a bigfc- 
flown, faHian llile. It was called a boly^imyfiih^ from the old 
•cuitom of aAing their Farces of the mtjitriti and m^raUtith 
which uere turgid and bottiball, on holy days. So in Muth «ii 
mh'iut-notbin^, I cannot nvoo in feftivM terms. And agiio 

in the hUrcbant of Venice, tbim fftntTft fuch high-day wit 

inprarjin^ him, 


The Meny Wives of Windfor. 

Page. Not by my confent, I promile you : the 
Gentleman is of no Having, he kcpc company wich 
the wild Prince and Poinz : he is of too high a region, 
he knows too much \ no, he fliall not knit a knot in 
his fortunes wich the finger of my fubftance. If he 
take her, let him take her fimply ; the wealth I liave 
waits on my conientj and my confent goes not that 

Fsrd. I befeech you, heartily, feme of you go 
home with me to dinner ; befidcs your cheer you (hall 
have fport \ I will ftiew you a monfter. Mr. Doftor, 
you mall go ; fo fhall you, Mr, Page i and you* 
Sir Hugh, 

ShaL WeU, fare you well, we (hall have the freer 
wooing at Mr. Pagf*s, 

Caius, Go liome, Juhn Rughy^ I come aiion. 

Haji, Farewcl, my hearts; 1 will to my honcK 
Knight Fdfiaffy and drink Canary with him. 

Ford. \ think, 1 Ihall drink in Pipe-wine firft with 
him : I'll make him dance- Will you go, gendes ? 

AU, Have with you to fee this monfter. [Extmt^ 


Changes to FordV Houfi^ 

Eniir Mrs, Ford, JWrj, Page, and Servant 
VH$h a basket. 

Mrs. Ferd. \ T 7 HAT, John! what, Rtfi^ert ! 

VV Mrs. Page, Quickly, quickly : it 
the buck-basket 

Mrs. F&rd, I warrant — Wliat, Hcbin^ I fay. 

Mrs. Pag4* Come, come, come. 

Mrs. F^d. Here, fet it down* 

Mrs. Page, Give your men the charge, we muft 
be brief, 

Mrs. Fori 



302 7U Msrry Wives ^ Windibr. 

Mrs. Fer± Nbnyy as I told you before, ^Uv ic 
Rsberty be ready hm hard-by in the brew-houlc, si 
nvhcn I fuddcnly call m you, come forth, and vkhoa 
any paufe or ftaggering take dus ba^cc on yosr 
ihoufdcrs ; diat done, trudge with it in all haftc, ^ 
carry it anx>ng the wbidters in ZXt/^^z-Mcad, «i 
there empty it in the muddy ditch dole by the Tbmi 

Mrs. Page, You \rill do :t ? 

Mrs. Fcrd. I ha' told them over and over ; ti^y 
lack Ro direction. Be gone, and come when yoa 
arc caU'd. 

Mrs, Page. Here comes fitde Robin, 

Enter Rolnn. 

Mrs. F&ri, ^ How now, my Eyas-mudcec, ^ix 
news i^nth you ? 

Rob. My mafter Sir jGbn is come in at your bdk^ 
door, miftrcfs Fordy and requefts your company. 

Mrs. Page. You little Jack-a-lent, have you been 
true to us ? 

Rob. Ay, ril be fwom ; my mafter knows not of 
your being here, and hath threatened to put me into 
cverlafting liberty, if I tell you of it ; for he fwcars, 
hc'il tum me away. 

Mrs. Page, Thou'rt a gcod boy ; this icody of 
thine fhall be a tailor to thee, and Ihall make dice 
a new doublet and hole. TU go hide me. 

4 fftmv irfftu, jvjr Ey&5-maskec,] Eyas is a young nofiei^M 
liavlrk. I fuppofc from the Italian Niafi, which origuuUf figni- 
ficd any young bird taken from the neil ucfledg*d» afterwanli, a 
young hawk. The French^ Uoia hence, took their nsais^ and 
ufed it in both thofe fignifications ; co which they added a thtfd. 
netaphorically a filhffelUw \ un garfon fort mimit^ mm mimi*. 
'^•~— Musket fignifies a /parrot hamui, or the fmalleft rpecia of 
hawks. Thii coo is from the lulian Mufcbett; a fmaH hawkt 
as appear* from the original iignification of the word, namelyB 
m trouhltfime flinging fly. So that the humour of calliiw tBt 
little page an £jms- musket i% very intelligible. 

Mrs. Fcrd. 

^be Merry Wives ^ Wind for, 303 

Mre. Ford, Do fo ; go tdl thy mafter, I am alone j 
miftrefs Ptfjf, remember you your cue. 

[Exit Robin » 

Mrs, Pagt. I warrant thee ; if I do not adt it, hifs 
mc. [Exii Mrs, Page. 

Mrs. Fi^rd. Go to then ; we*ll ufc this unwholfomc 

humidity, this grofs watry pumpion we*!! teach 

him to know curdes from jays. 


^p En$€r Falftaff. 

^^Fal. Havel caught thee, my heav*nly jewel ? why, 
^mw let mc die ; for I have liv'd long enough ; this is 
the period of my ambition ; O this bklTcd hour ! 
Mrs. Ford, O fwect Sir John ? 
Fal. Mrs< F^rd^ 1 cannot cog ; I cannot prate, mif- 
trefs Ferd: now fhall I fin iii my wifti, I would, thy 
hu.^band were dead v I'll fpcak \t before the beft lord, I 
would make thee my lady. 

Mrs- Ford, I your lady. Sir J^bn? alas, I fhould 
be a pitiful lady. 

FaL Let the Court of Franca Ihew me fuch ano- 
ther ; I fee how thine eye would emulate the diamond ; 
thou hall the riglic arched bent of the brow, * that 
becomes the fhip-tire, the tirc-vailant, or any 'tire of 
y^nctian admittance. 

Mrs* Ford, 

5 — — thmt Ittomit ihe Jhip-iirt^ iht tire-Y A L t AV T, ar 
mmy Venetian aicirc] The old Quarto reads, Tirt-^elltr^^HiA ihc 
old FckHo reacts. Or tttty tirt {)/ Venetian admiitaitc*. So that the 
rroe feading of ihc whole is this» *Thiii hfomn the Jhtp-tirt, 
thf tirt - V- A 1 L A N r, «r any ^/trt fi/ VencCiAn a^mittaxcf. 
The fpeaker tdls Uh roiflfd's, H^c had a fiice that would become 
ft!l «hc headdreflirs in faHijon. 'T\\tjtip-tir* wa* an open head* 
drciV» with a kind offcarf drpcndrng from bebmd. its namcof 
^ip'tirt wa$> I prtfume, from it^ giving the wcurcr ftMiie rf 



304 7J^^ Merry Wives of Windlbr. 

Mrs. F&ri. A plain kerchief. Sir John : my b^ 
tsccomc nodnng cUc> nor chat wdl ndchcr, 

her petuualk our^ s&d llig^ And ftrcamcn fl*tiig. Thoi A/i 
in Samfim J'^oaJJtes, piina Dalih. 

female ^f ftx it feems, 

^hat /0 htJc(kt, ormMU amd gmjf^ 

Cemcs this li-ay failing 

Like m fialth fifif 

Of Tarius, ituwJfir tSf' Ifits 

Of Javan or Gj^Licr, 

Wiih alt ber hrm>^fy on ^ And t*tHt trim, 

Ceure^t/ fy all tht 'wifr/t that l^ld them flay. 

ThU w^ an Im^ge fajniliar uwth the poeti of chae disc Hot 
Betfumunt and FUuhrr^ m ihelr ptay di Wit 'ndi^mt tm^ 

•- • ^ht f^eadt fattens aj the King's A^P* ^ fiMi #«fiy 

nvhere^ Jkt ma/ ffAif i*r tn^jtm \ &c. ThU wjJI ilirrA u a 
reform the foUowiitg word of //r^-vd//4iff/, which 1 I'vipcA 10 tc 
corrupt, 'valiAnt beings very incongruous epuhcc for x woKsfe'i 
head-drefs, I fuppoie Sl:aif/pe»r wrote trre-^aifmut. Ai dr 
^ip tire was an ^^^a head-dre/s, fo the tirt-nsailamt vm 1 /iW^ 
one % iti which the head and breail wtre covered a« widi ■ «a/. 
i^nd chefe were« In ^fl, the two diflcrcnt head-dfcfics ihcB ii 
fkthioD. 22 we may fee by the pictures of (hat time. One of tiiitck 
wa3 lo upcn. that ihc whole fieCK^breatisand &onMen, wrcfcoKa"^ 
to view : du? other » fo fccarely inclofed in kcrchkfi. d'c, d« 
nothing could be fcca ^bo^c the eye:} or bctow the chia. 
■ or afljp l^cnctiar: attire J Thi> H n wrOAg 

a$ appcart ^ojn the impropriety of the word attire hi 

for 3 woman's htad-drefs : whereas it fignifc ihedrci* of 
Wcfl>ouUrcad therefore. Or any \nc of Venetuil admui 
For chc word attire, reduced by ihe Apb^redi, to V«>/^ calcEii 
new tignJiicacion^ and means oniy the head-4f«r$« Hcsce tirt* 
^fjoman^ for a drclTer of the head. As to the meuiing of de 
Utter part of the fcuLence, fhi& m^y be fcco by a pnraphfifr af 

the whole fpeech. Vour face is lo good, fey* die fpakarf 

ihAt it would bccoitic any hcnd-drcf} worn at court, eiihcr tk 
open or the dofe, or indeed any rich and faftuoiubie one iiors^ 
adorning with ytneti^n point, or nvhish 'wili mdmit H kt 
tidsrnid, [ Of f^jfc/iaR admittance J The fajhiotabjc lice, tf 


y5^ Merry Wives of Windfbr. 305 

FaU Thou arc a traytor to fav fo ; thou would *fl: 
make an abfoluce Courtier ; ana the firm fixiTre of thy 
foot would give an excellent motion to thy gate, in a 
femi-drdcd farthingale. I fee what thou wert \ if for- 
tune thy foe were not, nature is thy friend : come, 
thou canft not hide it, 

Mrs< Ford. Believe me, there's nofuch thing in me, 

F&L What made me love thee? let that perfuade 
thee, there's fomething extraordinary in thee. Come, 
I cannot cog, and lay, thou art this and that, like 
a-many of thefe hfping haw-thorn buds, that come 
like women in mens apparel, and fmcll like Bucklers* 
Bury in fimpling timej I cannot: but I love chce, 
none but thee ; and thou delerveft it. 

Mrs. Ferd. Do not betray me. Sir > I fear you love 
miftrefs Page. 

F4I. Thou might'ft aa well fay, I love to walk bv 
the CtfK»/fr-gate, whidi is as hateful to me as the rccfc 
of a lime-kiln. 

Mrs. FcrJ, Well, heav*n knows how I love you, 
and you fliall one day find it. 

FaL Keep in that mind ; 1*11 deferve it. 

Mrs. Ford. Nay, I muft tell you, fo you doi or 
clfc I could not be in that mind* 

Rolf, [wiiiin,] Miftrefs Fordy miftrefs Fcrdj here's 
iTiiftrefs Page at the door, fweating, and blowing, and 
looking wildly, and would needs Ipeak with you pre- 

Fal. She fhall not fee me v I will enfconoe me be- 
hind the arras. 

Mrs. fvrd. Pray you, do foj ihe*s a very tatding 

lFMti[ iides hmfclf. 

VOL. I. 


3o6 TU Mmrry Wives of Windlbr. 

Enttr Mifirefs Page. 

What's the nutter ? how now ? 

Mn, Page. O miftrefs Fcrd^ what have you 
you're fham'd, y'are ovcnhrown, you arc undone iff 

Mrs. ford. What's the matter, good miftrefi Ptft^. 

Mrs, Page, O well-a-day, miftrefe Ford^ having an 

honeft man to your husband, to g^ve him fiich aule 

of fufpidon \ 

Mrs. Fcrd. What caufe of fufpidon ? 
Mrs Pagi, What caufe of fufpidod ? out upon you 
how am J miftook in you ? 

Mrs, Fcrd. Why» alas ! what*s the matter ? _ 
Mrs. P^g(* Your husband*s coming hither, womm 
with all the officers in ff^indfor^ to fcarch for a gald^ 
man, thar^ he fays, is here now in the houfe, by your 
confent, to take an ill advantage of his abfoKC. Ifi^ 
ajc undone, 

Mrs, Ford, Speak louder I4ftdc^ 'Tis not 

I hope. 

Mrs, Page. Pray heav*n k be not fo, chat you hive 
fuch a man here ; but 'tis moft certain, your husbarafl 
coming with half i^;?^^ at his hcels» to f^rchforfodi 
a one. I come before to tcU you : if you know your 
felf dear, why, I am glad of it ; but if you have i 
friend here, convey^ convey him out* Be not am 
call all your Scnfes to you, defend your reputation, 
bid farcwcl to your good life for ever. 

Mrs. Ford. What /hall I do ? there is a gentl 
roy dear friend » and I fear not mine own fhamc, 
much as his peril, I had rather than a thouland pound, 
he were out of the houfe. 

Mrs. Page. For fhame, never ^kzsxdyou had rather^ 
^A you had ratber \ your husband's here at hand; 


The Merry Wives of Windfbr. 

bethink you of Ibme conveyance, in the houlc you 
cannot hide him. Oh, how have you deceived me ? 
look, here is a basket, if he be of any reafbnable 
ftature, he may creep in here, and throw foul linncn 
Upon him, as if \i were going to bucking : or it is 
whiting time, lend him by your two men to Datcbtt- 

Mrs. Ford. He's too big to go in there : what fliaU 
I do? 

FU-mcr Falftaff. 

Fd. Let me fce*t, let me feeX O let me fee'tj I'll 
in, rU in -, follow your friend*s counfcl > I'll in. 

Mrs, Page, What! Six John Faljlaff? arc thcfc 
your letters. Knight ? 

FaL I love thee, help me away ; let me creep in 
here : Til never- 

[^Htgoes into the basket y they cover him wUbfoulUnnen, 

Mrs. Page, Hc!p to cover your mafter, boy ; call 
your men, miftrefs Ford. You dincmbiing Knight ! 

Mrs. Ford, What^ John^ Roberta, JahUy go take 
up thefe cloaths here, quickly. Whereas the cowl- 
ftzS^ look, how you d rumble : carry them to the 
landrels in Datchet-mtzd i quickly, come. 


Enter Ford, Page, Caius, and Evans, 

F^rd. Pray you, come near j if 1 fufpeft without 
csufe, why then make fport at me, then let mt be 
yourjeft, I defervc it. How now? whither bear you 
this ? 

Serv. To the landrefs, forfooth. 

Mrs. Ford, Why, what have you to do whither 
they bear it? You were belt meddle witli buck- 

X 2 iVA 

JO 8 Tie Merry Wives of Windfbr. 

Ford. Buck ? I would, I could, wa(h my iclf of tk 
buck : buck, buck, buck ? ay, buck : I warrant you, 
buck, and of the feafon too, it {hall appear. [£xaatf 
Servants with the basket. 1 Gentlemen, I have drcam'd 
tonight, Pll tell you my dream : here, here, here be 
my keys ; afcend my chambers, fearch, leek, find ouL 
ril warrant, we'll unkennel the fox. Let me flsp 
this way firft. * So, now uncape. 

Page, Good matter Ford^ be contented : you wroog 
your felf too much. 

Ford. True, matter Page, Up, gentlemen, you 
fhall fee fport anon ; follow me, gendemen. 

Eva. This is ferry fantaltical humours and jca- 

Cains. By gar, *tis no the fafhion of France ; it is 
not jealous in France-^^ 

Page, Nay, follow him, gentlemen, fee the ifliie of 
bis fearch. [Exent. 


Manent Miftrefs Page and MJlreJs Ford. 

Mrs. Page. Is there not a double cxceUcncr ia 
diis? ^ 

Mrs. Ford, I know not which pleafes me better, 
that my husband is deceived, or Sir John, 

Mrs. Page, What a taking was he in, when your 
husband ask'd who was in the basket ! 

Mrs. Ford. I am half afraid he will have need of 
wattling ; fo throwing him into the water will do lum 
a benefit. 

6 So now uncape. ] So the Folio of 1623 ««d». till 
rightly. It is a term in Fox-hunting, which fignides to ds oat 
the Fox when earthM. And here is as much as to lay, take oac 
the foul linnen under which the adulterer lies hid. The Oxfird 
Editor reads uncoupie, out of pure lovt co an cmendadon. 

Mrs. P<^, 


The Merry JVives of Windfor. 30* 

Mrs. Page, Hang hitn, difhoneft rafcal ; I woiiJd, all 
of the fame ftrain were in the feme diftrefs, 

Mrs. Ford. I think, my husband hath Ibme fpecial 
fufpicton of Falftaff's being here ! I never faw him fo 
grois In his jealoufic till now.' 

Mrs. Page, I will lay a plot to try thaf, and we will 
yet have more tricks with Faljicff: his difTolutc difcale 
will Icarce obey this medicine. 

Mrs, Ford, SJiali we fend that foolifh carrion, mif- 
trefi Siukkfy^ to him, and cxcuJe his throwing into the 
water, and give him another hope^ to betray him to 
another punirtimcnt ? 

Mrs. Page, We'll do it i let him be fent for to- 
morrow by eight a clock, to have amends. 

Re-enUr Ford, Page, ^c. 

F&rd. I camot find him ; may be, the knave brag*d 
of that he could not compafs. 

Mrs. Page. Heard you that ? 

Mrs. Ford. I, I; peace: — You ufc me well, matter 
5?ri, do you ? 

F0rd. Ay, ay, I do fo. 

Mrs* Ford. Heav'n make you better than your 
thoughts ! 

Fcrd, Amen. 

Mrs. Page, You do your felf mighty wrong, Mr» 

Ford. Ay, ay \ I mufl bear it » 

Eva, If there be any pody in the houfe, and in the 
chambers, and in the coffers, a;id in the prelles, heav'n 
forgive my fins ! 

Cams. By gar, nor I too ; there is no bodies. 

P^e. Fie, fie, Mr. Ft^d^ are you not afham*d ? 
what fpirit, what devil fuggells iliis imagination ? I 
would not ha* your diftemper in this kind, for the 
weakh of fVindfor CaftU, 

Ford. 'Tis my fault, Mr* Page: I fuffer for it. 

X 3 Eva, 

310 7^^ Merry Wwcs af Windfbr. 

Eva, You fuffer for a pad confcicncc \ your 

as honeft a o*mans, as I ml defires among five tboo* 
fand, and five hundred too. 

(kius. By gar, I fee, 'tis an honeft woman. 

Ford, Wdlj I promis*d you a dinner ; come, conae, 
walk in the park. I pray you, pardon me ; I iril 
hereafrer make known to you^ why I have done cfaii 
Come, wife ; come, miftrefs Page ^ I pray you pardca 
me : pray heartily, pardon me. 

Piigc. Let's go in, gentlemen*, but truft me, wcT! 
mock him, I do invite you to morrow morning Q 
my Iioufe to breakfaft \ after, we*U a birding togetfacr;j 
J have a fine hawk for the buJh. Shall it be fb ? 

Ford, A^y thing. 

Eva, If there is one, I fhall make two in the ODm- 

Caius. If there be one or two, I fhall make-a 

Eva. In your teeth, for fhame* 

Ford. Pray you go, Mr. Pagf^ 

Eva, I pray you now, remembrance to fnorxovoil 
the loufie knave, mine Hoft. 

Caius, Dat is good, by gar, with all my heart, 

Eva. A loufie knave, to have his gibes, and his 
jnockeries. [fir»i/. 


Changes to Page*j Houfi, 

Enter Fenton and Miftrtfs Anne Page. 

I5ce, I cannot get thy father's love j 
Therefore no more turn me to him> 
Ann&. Alas ! how then ? 
Fen. Why, thou mufl be rhy Iclf. 
He doth objc€l| I am too great of birth ] 



7%e Merry Wives of Windfbr. 311 

And that my ftatc being gall'd with my expenoe^ 
I feck to heal it only by his wealth. 
Befides thefr, other bars he lays before me. 
My riots paft, my wild fociedes : 
And tells me^ 'tis a thing tmpofllble 
I ihould love thee, but as a property. 

Jnne. May be, he tells you true. 

Fcnt, No, heav*n fo fpced me in my time to come t 
Albeit, 1 will confcfs, thy father's wealth 
Was the firfl motive that I woo'd thee, Affne : 
Yet wooing thee, I found thee of more value 
Than ftamps in gold, or fums in fealed bags ; 
And 'ris the very riches of thy felf 
That now I aim at. 

Amc, Gentle Mr. Fcntofty 
Yet feek my father's love : ftlll feck it. Sir ; 
If opportunity and humbleft fuit 
Cannot attain it^ why then — ^ — —hark you hither, 

[Fenton and Mijirefs Anne go apart* 

SCENE xiii; 

Enier Shallow, Slender, und Miftn/s Quickly, 

SbaL Break their talk* miftrcfs ^ickfy \ my kinf- 
man fhaJl Jbeak for himfcit 

Slen. ril make a iliaft or a bolton't: *d'did, *til 
but venturing, 

ShaL Be not difmay'd, 

Sten. No* flie fhall not difmay me ? I care not for 
that, but that I am affeard, 

^ik. Hark ye, Mr. Skndtr would fpeak a word 
with you. 

j^ne, I come to him, — This is my father's choioc. 
O, what a work! of vile iU-favour'd laults 
Look handibme in three hundred pounds a year ! 

^k* And how does good msdlcr Fmtan? pray 
you, a word with you, 

X 4 Sbal 

312 Tie Merry Wives of Windfor. 

Sbal. She's coming ; to her, coz. O, boy, thou 
hadft a father ! 

Slen, I had a father, Mrs. Anne^ my unde cantd 
you good jefts of him. Pray you, uncle, tell Mrs. Jm 
the jeft, how my father ftole two gcefe out of a pen, 
good unde. 

Sbd, Miftrefs Jnne^ my coufin loves you. 

Slen. Ay, that I do, as well as I love any womia 
in Gloucefterjhire. 

Sbal. He will maintain you like a gcntlevramaD. 

Skn. Ay, that I will, come cut and lorig-tail, under 
the degree of a Squire, 

Sbai, He will make you a hundred and fifty pounds 

yinne. Good mafter Sballow, let him woo for 

SbaL Many, I thank you for it i I thank you for 
that. Good comfort ; flie calls you, coz : TU leave 

Jnne, Now, mafter Slender. 

Slen, Now, good miftrefs Jme. 

j^nne. What is your will ? 

Slen. My will ? od's heart-lings, that's a pretty jeft, 
indeed, I ne'er made my Will yet, I thank neav'n 5 I 
am not fuch a fickly creature, I ^ve heav'n praiie. 

jfnne* 1 mean, Mr. Slender, what would you widi 

Slen. Truly, for my own part, I would litde or 
nothing with you ; your father and my uncle have 
made motions ; if it be my luck, fo ; if not, happy 
man be his dole ! they can tell you how things go* 
better than I can 5 you may ask your father j here 
he comes. 


l%e Merry PFives of Windfor. 313 


Enter Page, andmiftrefs Page* 

Page, Now, mailer SItnder : love him, daughter 
«^Wby, how now ? what does mafter Fenion here? 
You wrong me. Sir, thus ftill to haunt my houfc : 
I told you. Sir, my daughter is difpos*dof. 

I'cnL Nay^ mafter Page^ be not impatient* 

Mrs. Page, Good Matter Fentort^ come not to 
my child. 

Page. She is no match for you. 

Pent, SiXTy will you hear me ? 

Page. No> good mailer Fentm. 
Come, mafter Hball&w 5 come, fon SUnder^ in. 
Knowing my mind, you wrong me, mafter Fenion, 
[Extuni Page* Shallow, and Slendor. 

^/f. Speak to miftrefs P^^ge. 

pent. Good miftrefs Page^ for that I love your 
In fuch a righteous falliion as I do. 
Perforce, againft all checks, rebukes and manners, 
I muft advance the colours of my love, 
And not retire. Let me have your good will. 

Jme. Good mother, do not many me to yon fool. 

Mrs. Page. I mean it not, I feek you a better hut 

^k. That's my mafter, mafter Doftor. 

^ Anne, Alasj 1 had rather be fet quick i'th* earth. 

^aV, And bowi'd to death with turnips. 

7 Ardc* Alas, I had ratbtr hf fif fni<k i*ii'* iartk, 
And hofwrd la df^th *witb iurntft* 
Can wc think ihe fpcal^cr wouU thus ridicule bcf own impreca* 
doTj > Wc may be fure the Ull line ftiould be given lo the r^*^ 
curets, ^ickfy, who woaU uioGk the yoaag woroan's avcrtioa 
l(>i her maflci ike Ds^or^ 

Mrs. Page, 


3*4 ^^ Merry IVivet of Wmdfor. 

Mrs Page, Come, trouble not your felf 5 good 

I will not be your friend nor enemy : 

My daughter will I qudtion how fhe loves you. 

And as 1 find her, fo am I afFefted. 

*Tili then» farcwel. Sir \ fhe muft needs go in. 

Her father wUl be angry. [Eatww/ Mrs Page and Atst 

lent, Farewel, gentle miftrefs ; farewe!. Nan. 

^tsc. This is my doing now. Nay* iiid I, 
you caft away your child on a fooi, and a phyfidaii 
kick on mafter Fenton: this is my doing. 

Pent. I thank thee j and I pray thee, once to nig^ 
Give my fweet Nan this ring : there** for thy poim 


^k. Now hcav'n fend thcc good fortune ! A kind 
heart he hath, a woman would run through fiicand 
water for fuch a kind heart. But yet, I would my 
mafter had miftrefs Anne^ or I woirld Mr, Slender had 
her? or, in foorh, I would Mr. Fenton had her. I 
will do what I can for them all three, for fo I have 
promis'd ; and TJl be as good as my word, but fpe* 
cioufly for Mr* Fsnton. Well, I muft of another er- 
rand to Sir John Falftaff from my two miftfcflcs, 
what a beaft am I to flack it ? [j 


Changes to the Gartcr-lnn, 
^ntir* FalftalF md. Bardolph, 

Fd.Tljird<fipb^ I fay. 
O Bard. Here, Sir. 
FaL Go fetch me a quart of fack, put a toaft 
[jEx//Bard.] Hare I hv'd to be carry'd, in a bask< 
like a barrow of butchers* offal, and to be thrown 
the Thames? well, if I be fcrv'd fuch another 
ra have my brains ca'en out and buttcr'd, and gi^ 
*" thcro 

The Merry Wives of Wind/or, 3 1 5 

tbcm to a tlog for a new-year's gift. The rogues 
flighted me into the river with as little rcmor/e as they 
would Juve drown'd a bitch's blifid puppies^ fifteen 
i*th' litter ; and you may know, by my lize, that I 
have a kind of alacrity in finking : if the bottom were 
as deep as he!J, I fliould down. I had been drown'd, 
but that the ftiorc was fhelvy and fhallowr ; a death 
that I abhor ; for the water fwelb a man : and what 
a thing ihould I have been, when I bad been fwcUM ? 
I ihould have been a nwuntjun of mummy, 

Enier Bardolph. 

Now, IS the Sack brew'd ? 

BarL Here's Mrs. ^mkfy^ Sir, to Ipeak with you. 

Fal, Come> let me pour in Ibme fack co the f Lames-' 
water v for my belly's as cold as if 1 had fwallow'd 
iiiow-ballsj for pills to cool die reins. Call her in* 

B^d. Come in, woman* 


Enter M^s, Quickly. 

^ic. By your leave : I cry you mercy. Give your 
worlhip good morrow. 

faL Take away thefe challiccs ; go brew me a pottle 
of fack finely. 

Bard, With eggs. Sir ? 

FaL Simple of it Mi : TJl no pullet-fpcrm in my 
brewage. How now ? 

^/f. Many^ Sir, I come to your worlliip from 
miftrefs Ford. 

Fal Miftrels F^rd? I have had Ford enough % I was 
thrown into the Ford ; 1 have my belly fall of Ford, 

S^c. Alas the day 1 good heart, that was not her 
fauk : fhe docs fo take on widi her men -, they millook 
their ercftion. 

FaL So did I mine, to build on a foolilh woman's 

31 6 Tot Merry Wives of Wlndfor. 

^ic. Well, flie laments. Sir, for it, that it would 
yern your heart to fee it. Her husband goes this mora- 
ing a birding ; flic defires you once more to come to her 
between eight and nine, I muft carry her word quickly ; 
{he'll amends, 1 warrant you. 

Fai. Weil, I will yifit her; tell her fo, and bid her 
tlunk.what a man is : let her confider his fr^ty, and 
dien judge of my merit. 

^U. I will tell her. 

'Tal, Dofo. Between nine and ten, fay*ftthou? 

^/V. Eight and nine. Sir. 

Fd. W^ell, be gone ; I will not mils her. 

Siuic, Peace be with you. Sir. [Emt, 

Fat. I marvel, I hear not of matter Brook \ hcfcnr 
ipe word to ftay within : I like his mony well. Oh, 
here he comes. 


EnUr Ford. 

Ford, Blefs you. Sir. 

FaL Now, mafter Brooky you come to know what 
hath pals'd between me and Ford's wife. 

Ford, That, indeed. Sir Jobn^ is my bufinels. 

Fal Mailer Brook^ I will not lie to you j I was at 
her houfe the hour Ihe appointed me. 

Ford, And you fpcd. Sir ? 

Fal. Very ill-favour'dly, mafter Brook, 

Ford. How, Sir, did Ihe change her determination ? 

Fal. No, mafter Brook ; but the peaking cornuto her 
husband, mafter Brooke dwelling in a continul latum of 
jealoufie, comes me in the inltant of our encounter ; 
after we had embrac*d, kifs'd, protefted, and as it 
were, Ipoke the prologue of our comedy i and at his 
heels a rabble of his companions, thither provoked and 
inftigated by his diftemper, and, forfooth, to learch his 
houfe for his wife's love. 



■ 1 

1%e Merry Wives of Windfor, 31^ 

Ford. What, while you was there ? 

FaL While 1 was there. 

Ford. And did he fearch for you, and could -not 
End you ? 

Fd. You {hall hear. As good luck would have it, 
comes in one miftrefs Page, gives intelligence of For d^ 9 
approach, arid * by her invention, and F<?rd'^ wife's 

e<^onj they convey 'd me into a buck-basket, 

Fc^d, A buck-basicec ? 

FaL Yea, a buck-basket ; ramm'd me in with foul 
flibts and fmocks, focksj foul ftockings, and grcafic 
napkins ; that, maftcr Brook^ there was the rankeft com' 
pound of vili^unous fmell, that ever offended noftril. 

Ford. And how long iay you there ? 

FaL Nay, you Ihall hear, maftcr Brook,, what i have 
fufFerM to bring tfiis woman to evil for your good. Being 
thus cramm'd in the baskcr, a couple ofFord*^ knaves, 
his hinds, were caird forth by their miftrcis, to cany 
nne in the name of foul cloaths to DttUhet4ane ; they 
took me on their ihoulders, met the jealous knave 
their maftcr in the door, who ask'd them once or twice 
what they had in their basket ; I quak*d for tear, left 
the lunatick knave would have fearch'd it ; but fate, 
ordaining he Ihould be a cuckold, held his hand, 
Well^ on went he for a fearch, and away went I for 
foul cloaths ; but mark die iequci, mailer Brook \ I 
fiiffcr'd the pangs ot three egregious deaths : firit^ an 
intolerable fright, to be detedtcd by a jealous rotten 
bclUwcather ^ next to be compafs'd like a good bilbo, 
in the circumference of a peck, hilt to point, heel to 
head \ and then to be (lopt in, like a ibx)ng diflilla- 
cion, with {linking cloaths that frctcd in their own 
greafe ; think of that, a mafi of my kidney j chink of 

8 If hir iavf/teUn, ettsd Ftird'j nvi/e*i p | S TfcA CT JOic ,] 
Wf muji rc;id imtcTtDN. For tho' tlic fpcaker mij;ht thinJc 
F^r^i wife mudi trighicd at ilic approach uf her hu&batid, yet he 
U hcrr rpcaking of the pirt which flic bote ID an ari/ul contn- 
vsDce CO deceive him. 


3 1 8 73tf Merry Wivtf of Windfbr. 

tfiat, that am as fubieft to heat as butter j a man 
continual diflblution and thaw ; it was a mindc 
Ycape Juffbcacion* And in the height of this bath,' 
I was more than half ftew*d in grcafe, like a Dutch 
to be thrown into the Thames^ and coolM glowing hot,^ 
in that furge, like i horle-flioc ; think of that j inflii^ 
hot i think of that, mafter ^ree^. 

Ford, In good ladncfs. Sir, I am ibrry that for my 
fake you fufttrM all this. My fuit is dien deipemci 
you*ll undertake her no mof e ? 

FaL Mafter Brosk^ I iffill be thrown into Eina^ as! 
have been into ^hames^ ere 1 will leave her thus. Her 
husband is this morning gone a birding^ I have it- 
ceiv'd from her another cmbaiTie of meeting ; 'twin 
eight and nine is the hour, mafter Brock, 

Ford, 'Tis paft eight already. Sir. 

FaL Is it ? 1 will then addrcls me to my appoiot- 
ment. Come to me at your convenient leiiure, and 
you ihall know how 1 fpeed ; and the conclufion ftuU 
be crown'd with your enjoying her j adieu, you Ihall 
have her, mafter Brook ; mafter Brock^ you fliail 
cuckold Ford. [£wr. 

Fcrd. Hum ! ha I is this a vifion ? is this a dream ? do 
I fleep ? mafter Ford^ awake ; awake, mafter Fprd; 
there's a hole made in your beft coat, mafter Fcrd; 
this *ris to be married ! tliis *tis to have linnen aod bock- 
baskets [ well, 1 will proclaim my felf what I am ; I 
will now take the leachcr \ he is at my houfc ; he can- 
not 'fcapc me i 'tis impoffihkr, he Ihould j he cannot 
creep into a halfpenny purfc, nor into a pepper-box. 
But J left the devil that guides him ftiould aid him, I 
will ftarch impfliblc places j tho' what I am 1 cannot 
avoid, yet to be what 1 would not^ ftiall not make me 
tame : if I have horns to make one mad. Ice tJic pro- 
verb go with me, I'll be horn-mad. lAxsf. 

A c 


The ^erry IFfViS of Wirv^for- 3 j 9^ 


M^ttr Mrs. Page, Mrs. Quickly, md WiUiajaa. 


Mrs. Page. 

S he at Mr, Fonfs already, think'ft thou ? 

^ic. Sure, he is by thb^ or will be prefcntlv $ 
buc truly he is very courageotis mad, about his 
growing into the water j Mrs, ford defires you to 
come fuddenly. 

Mrs. Pa^^. ril be with her by and by ; TU but 
bring my young man here to ichool. Look, where 
Ids mafter comes ; 'tis a playing-day, I lee. How 
now, Sir Hugbt no fchool to day ? 

£«/^ Evans. 

fEva. No J nufter SUnda^ is kc the boys leaw 
^iV, Blefling of his heart ! 
Mrs. F^ge, Sir Hugb^ my husband lays, my fon 
profits nothing in the world at his book ; I pray you, 
ask him fume queflions in his Accidence. 

Eva, Come hither, ^xUiam i hold up your liead, 

Mrs. Page, Come on. Sirrah, hold i3p your head, 
anfweryour mailer, be not afraid. 

Eva. Wiiliam^ how many numbers is kt nouns f 

mi Two. 

^wV. Truly, I thought there had been one number 
more, becaufe they (ay, od's nouns. 

Eva, Peace your udings. What is Fair^ Wilkam f 

mi- Pukher. 

^ic. Poulcats? there arc fairer things than poul- 
catSj furc. 


^^ The Merry Wives of Wind for. 

E^^a, You areavery fimplidty 'otnan; I prayyc 
peace. What is Laph^ WiUimn ? 

WtL A ftonc. 

Eva, And what is a ftone, William ? 

mi A pebble, 

Eva, No, \t\& Lapis: I pray you, remember inywr 

mlL Lapis. 

Eva, That is a good ff^liiam : what is he, fFilUm, 
that does lend articles ? 

IFilL Articles are borrow'd of the pronoun* and be 
thus decliji'd, ftngulariter nominativo^ hu-^ bac^ bo<» 

Eva* NtfminativOy bi^, bag, bog \ pray you, 
genitive J bujus : well, what is your accufative cafe f 

fVill. Accufaiive^ bine. 

Eva. I pray you, have your remembrance, childij 
accufative^ bung, hang^ bog. 

^ic. Hang hog is Latin for bacon, I warrant ytm. 

Eva, Leave your prabbles, *oman. What b tbc 
focaiivi cafi, fVitUam ? 

WilL O, vocativo^ O. 

Eva. Remember, IVilliam, focativc is car^f 

S^ic, And that's a good root. 

Eva. *Omanj forbean 

Mrs. p£ige. Peace. 

Eva, V^'b^t hyovr genitive cafi plural f WiUiamf 

iWilL Genitive cafi ? 

Eva. Ay. 

IPIU. Genitive^ borum, barum^ borum. 

^ic. ^Vengeance of Ginefs cafe ; He on her ! neter 
name her, child, if flie be a whore. 

Eva, For Jhame, *oman, 

^ic You do ill to teach the child fuch words 
teaches him to hick and to hack, which t!iey*li do &ft 
enough of thexniclves *, and to caU h or urn ^ fie trpoo 



The Merry PFives of Windfon 32 1 

Ev^, 'Oman, art thou lunadcs? haft thou no un- 
derftandings for thy cafes, and the numbers of the 
genders i thou art as foolifh chriftian creatures, as I 
would defire. 

Mrs, Page. Pry*thee, hold thy peace. 

Eva. Shew me now, JFtUiam^ iome dedenfions of 
your pronouns. 

fViU, Forfooth, I have forgot. 

Eva. It is, qiii^ qua^ wod\ if yon fbxgetyour^//, 
your ^^es and your quodsy you muft be preeches : go 
your ways and play, go. 

Mrs. Page. He is a better fchokr, than I though 
he was. 

• Eva. He is a good fprag memory. Farewel, Mrs. 

Mrs. Page. Adieu, good Sir Hugh. Get you home, 
boy. Come, we ftay too long. [Exeunf. 


Changes to Ford'j Houje. 

Enter FalftaflF and Mrs. Ford. 

Fal. \M Iftrds Ford^ your fbirow hath eaten up my 
IVl fufFerance ; 1 fee, you are oblemiious in 
your love, and I profefs requiul to a h^*s oreadth ( 
not only, miftrefs Fordy in the fimple ofEce of love» 
but in all the accouftrement, complement, and cere- 
mony of it. But are you lure of your husband now ? 
Mrs. Ford. He*sa wrding, ivrcttSvc John. 
Mrs. Page, [w/iwf.] Whathoa, goflip fW/ what 
hoa ! 
Mrs. Ford. Step into die chamber. Sir John. 

Enter Mrs^ Page- 
Mrs. Page. How now, fwect heart, who's at hpme 
befides your fdf? 

Vol. I. y Un.Ford. 

7^ Merry Wtvts c/'Windlor* 

Mrs. Tori, Why, txnc bac mine own peopfe» 
Mra. /'(^'f* Indeed ? 

Mrs. Fori. No, ccrtatoly — Speak louder. \Afiu 
Mrs Fegt, Truly, I am £> gbid you ka^re no 


Mrs. Fw^rf. Why? 

Mrs. Fag€, Why, woman, your husband is m b 
old lunes again ; he fo cakes on yonder ^rirfi my hw- 
band, fo rmls againft ail manied mankind, lb coin 
all Ev^% daughters, of what complexion fbcvcr, »i 
fo buffets himfelf on the forehead, crying, fetr-xc, 
fetr-mi ! that any madnefs 1 ever yet beheld feoc'd 
but tamencfs, civility, and patience, to this 

£pr he is in now ; 1 am glad, the fac knig^ iti 

Mrf. Fa7d, Why, does he talk of him ? 

Mrs. Page. Of none but him ; $s\d fwears, he w» 
canry'd out, the laft time he fearch'd for liim, in i 
basket ; protcfts to my husband, he is now here •, wi 
hath drawn luni and the reft of their company h 
their Jporr, to make another experiment of his ^^ 
cion ; but 1 am ^ad, the knight is not hiere % 
Ihall fee his own foolery. 

Mrs. Fcrd How near is he, miftreis Page ? 

Mrs. Page. Hard by, at ftreet's end, he will bebcfc^ 

Mrs. Ford. I am undone, the kniglit is here. 

Mrs. Page. Why, then thou art utterly fham'd, 
he*s but a dead man. What a woman arc you ? 
vf'ixh him, away with him ; better Oiame than mur- 

Mrs. Ford. Which way ihould he go? how fhoi 
I beftow him? Hull I put him into the 
tgain ? 

S C E N & 

^^— ^ ^ 

7%e Merry Wives of Windfor. 323 


Entir Falftaff. 

Fd. No, ril come no more i'th* basket : nuy I 
not go out} ere he come ? 

Mrs. Page. Alas! alas! three, of maftcr Fori% bro- 
thers watch the door with pUtols, that none fhould 
iflue out, otherwife you might flip away ere he came : 
but what make you here ? 

Fd, What ihall I do ? I'll creep up into the chim- 

Mrs. Fori, There they alwm ufe to dilcharge their 
sirding-picces ; creep into the Kill-hole* 

Fd, Where is it? 

Mrs, Ford. He will feck there, on my word : nd- 
dter prefs, coffer, cheft, trunk, well, vault, but he hath 
■n abftrad for the remembrance erf* luch places, and 
goes to them by his note \ there is no hiding you in 
the houfc. 

Fd, ril go out then. 

Mrs. Ford, If you go out in your omi (cmblance* 
you die. Sir Jobn^ unkfi you ^ out di%uis'd. How 
might we diiguife him ? 

Mrs. Page. Alas-die-day, I know not ; there is no 
iroman's gown big enough for him ; .otherwife, he 
might put on a hat, a muffler, and a kerchief, and ib 

fd. Good heart, deinfe fomething j any extremity, 
rather than mifchief. 

Mrs. Ford, My maid's aunt^ the fat woman of 
Brainford^ has a gown above. 

Mrs. Page, On my word, it ^ feire him ; flie's 
IS big as he is, and tho^^s her thrOm hat, and her 
muffler too. Run up, Sr John. 

Mrs Ford. Go, go, fwcct Sir John ; miftrefs Page 
ind I will k)ok fome linnen for your head. 

Y 2 Mrs. Page. 

TT^e Merry Wives of Windfor, 

Mrs. Pa^i. Quick, quick, weMl come drt6 ts 
ftraight j put on the gown the while. [Exit FaL'ii 

Mrs. fcrd, I would my husband would mctt 
iln dus Ihape , he catmot abide the old 
]Brainfcrd\ he fwears^ fhc's a witch, forbad bcr 
loufc, and hath thrcatncd to beat her, 

Mrs. Pcge. Heav'n guide him to tliy husha^* 
idgel, and the devil guide his cudgel afcerwanb! 

Mrs. Ford. But is my husband CQirdng ? 

Mrs. Page, Ay, -in good l^ncls, is he ; and xh 
,€ti die basket too, however he hath had intelligcDCt. 

Mrs. Ford. Wc*ll try that \ for Y\\ appoint myoo 
to carry the basket again, co meet him at the doo' 
with it, as they did laft time. 

Mrs. Page. Nay, but hell be here prdcntlyi Irfi 
go drefs him like the witch of Brainford. 

Mrs. F&rd. Y\\ firft dircfi my men-^ what they liil 
do with the b^ket j go up, I'll bring linnea fijr to 

Mrs. Page. Hang Iiirn^ diflioneft varlct, we 
mUufe him enough. 
Wc*ll leave a proof, by chat which wc will dO| 
Wives may be merry, and yet honeft too, 
Wc do not aft, that often jeft and laugh ; 
'Tis old but true, StHl fwine eats ail the draxgh^ 

Mrs. Ford. Go, Sirs, take die basket again on JWf 
Ihoulders ; your mailer is hard at door ; if he hid p<a 
fet it down, obey him: quickly, dilpatch. 

{Exeunt Mrs. Page and Mrs. Feci 

Enter Servants mth the basket. 

1 Sen\ Come, come, take up, 
^ Serv. Pray Jicav'n, it be not full of the 

I Serv. I liopc not, I had as lief bear fo tnud\ 

S C E N^ 

Tie Merry TFsves ^ Windfor. 325 


Enter Ford, Shallow, Page, Cmus and Evans. 

Ford. Ay, but if it prove true, mafter Page^ have 
you any way then to unfool me again ? fit down the' 
basket, lollain ; fomcbody call my wife : youth in a 
basket ! oh, you panderly rafcals ! there's a knot, a 
gang, a pack, a confpiracy, againft me : now fhall 
the deidl be fliam'd. What! jffifc, I iay; come, 
comt forth, behold what honed doaths you fend fordi. 
to bleaching. 

Page, ■ Why, this paflcs, mafter Fw^,— you are" 
not to go loole any longer, you muft be pinnion'd, 

Eva. Why, this is lunaticks *, this is mad as a mad 

Enter Mrs. Ford. 

Sk^. Indeed, mafter Fardy this is not well, bdeed. 

Fcrd. So fay I too. Sir. Come hither, miftreis Ford^ 
cniftrefs Fcrd^ the honeft woman, the niodeft wife, the 
-^rtuous creature, that hath the jealous fool to her bus- 
band ! I fufped without cai^ miftreis, -do I ? 

Mrs. Ford, Hcav'n be my mtncfi, you do, if yott 
fiifpeft me in any diihonefty. 

Ford. Well (sad^ brazen-^ce ; hold it out : come 
£Drth, Sirrah. [Pulls the deaths out of the basket. 

1 Why, this pajfes, Mr. /Vr/ ] No phrafe occurs more fre- 
quently in Shakifpear than this— ^f/^a^,—- and itpaffti, 

it is ufed oa all occaHons treated in the familiar way, and always 
conveys the idea of excefs : So that it paffts iigniuBt it fmrpa£t$ 
all miafitTMt imaginatioM, «r ixpnjjsw. And this if the fenfe of 
the phrafe wherever it is ufed. EngUJbmtn hate long fpeecbes, 
wUch hatk ma<k our tongue abound with half fentences, and, 
what is more, with half words. It takes is another phrafe of 
the iame kind, which modern uie has rendered very intelligiblet 
yet in it iclf it is a$ ambaguous as // paffts. The whole fentence 
bebg——f/ takes or captivates the J u^ment, the ftnpy, thela- 
terett, the paiBons, £:r«. 

Y 3 Page^ 

326 Ths Merry JVives rf Windfor. 

Page This paflcs 

Mrs. Fcrd. Arcyounotaftiam'd? let the do^ 

Fcrd. I (hall find you anon. 

Eva, 'Tis unrraibnable } will you take up « 
vife's doachs ? come away. 

Ford. Empty the basket, I fay. 

Mrs. Ford. Why, man, why*— — 

Ford. MsAtr Pagi^ as I am a man, there wis ok 
convcy'd out of my houlc yefterday in thb baslui; 
why may not he be there again ? in my houie I am liie 
he is ; my intelligence is true, my jcaloufie is itakB- 
able i pluck me out all the linnen. 

Mrs. Fdf-d. If you find a man there^ he fhall xfe a 
flea's death. 

Page. Here's no man. 

SbaL By my fidelity, this is not well, matter Fffi\ 
this wrongs you. 

E'va. Iviafcer Ford^ you muft pray, and not 6&m 
the ima^adons of your own heart ; this is jeabuGes. 

Ford. Well, he's not here I feck for. 

Page, No, nor no where elfe but in your bnsL 

Ford. Help to fearch my houfe this one time} if I 
find not what I feek, ihew no colour for my cxir- 
mity ; let me for ever be your table Iport ; let then 
lay of me, as jealous as Ford^ that iearchech a hotlov 
wall-nut for his wife's leman. Sadsfic me once mac, 
once more fearch with me. 

Mrs. Ford, What hoa, miltrels Page ! come you, 
and the old woman down j my husband will come ioco 
the chamber. 

Ford. Old woman ! what old woman's that ? 

Mrs. Fcrd, Why, it is my maid's aunt of Bra- 

Ford, A witch, a quean, an old cozening quean 5 
have I not forbid her my houfe ? (he comes of enands, 
docs fhe ? we arc ample men, we do not know what's 


The Merry IVives of Windfor. 327 

brought to pafs under the profeiTion of fortune-telling, 
SJic works by charms, by Ipells, by tJi' figure ; and 
iiich dawbry as this is beyond our element ■, we know 
nothing. Come down, you witch \ you hag you, 
come down, I fay. 

Mrs. Ford. Nay, good fweet husband ; good gen- 
^knKn^ let him not ftrike the old woman. 



Enter FalftalF/» wcmens deaths^ and Mrs. Page. 

Mrs. Page\ Conric, mother Prat^ come give me 
your hand. 

Ford, ril Prai ber. 
(^Beais ^/w,] you hag, 
jTunnion! our 
tell you 

Out of my door, you witch ! 

you b^^agc, you poulcat, you 

, out, out ; I'ii conjure you, I'll fortunft^ 

[Exit Fal, 

Mrs, Page. Arc you not a{liam*d ? I think, you 
have kil]*d the poor woman, 

Mrs. Ford. Nay, he wiJJ do it i 'tis a goodly cre- 
dit for you, 

Ferd, Hang her, witch* 

Eva, By yea and no, I think, tlie *oman is a mtcti 
indeed : 1 like not when a 'oman has a great pcard i 
I fj>y a great peard under her muffler. 

Fcrd. Will you follow, gentlemen? I befeech you, 
follow ; lee but tlie liTue of my jealouGc ; if I cry out 
thus upon no trail, never trull me when I open agdn. 

Page, Lee's obqr his humour a little further : come, 
gendemen. [Exeuni. 

Mrs* Page. Truft me, he beat him moft piufully. 

Mrs, Ford. Nay, by th' mafa, that he did not ; he 
beat him moft unpitifully, mcthought, 

Mrs. Page. I'll liave the cudgel haUow*d and hung 
o'er the altar; it harh done meritorious fervicc. 

Mrs, Fcrd, What think you ? may we, with the war- 
rant of woman-hood, and the witnels of a good con- 
fcicjice, purfue him with any further revenge ? 

Y4 Mrs. Page. 


328 The Merry Wives ^/^ Wind for, 

Mrs, Page. The Ipirit of wantonncls is, fixrc, far* 
uviC of him % if the devil have htm not in fcc-fucfi 
with fine and recovery, he will ncv^cr, I think, in 
way of wafte, attempt us again. 

Mrs. Ford, Shall we tell our husbands how 
fcrved him ? 

Mrs. Puge. Yes, by all means; if it be but ro! 
tlie figures out of your husband's brain. If theyofl 
find in their hearts the poor unvirruous iat lou^ 
ihallbeany further afflidcd^ we tWQ will ftillbcik 

Mrs, Ford, Til warrant, they* 11 have him piADcklr 
fham*d; and, methinks^ there would be no penodte 
the jeft, flioutd he not be publickly fhaxn'd. 

Mrs. Page, Come to the forge with ic, ihcn fhipc 
it: I would noc have things cooL {E*a^ 



Changes to the Gartcr-Inn. 

Enter Hofl: and Bardolph* 

Bard. C IR* ^1^^ Gemmn defires to have three of; 

*3 horfes i the Duke hlmfclf will be co-i 
at court, and they are going to meet him. 

Heft, What Duke fliould that be^ comes fo lex 
1 hear not of him in the court : let me Ipeak widi 
gentlemen; they (peak Englijh? 

Bard. Sir, Fll call them to you. 

Hofi, They (hall have my horfeSj but I'll make 
them pay, I'll fawce them. They have had my houfc 
a week at command \ I have turn*d away my otkr 
gucfts; * they muft compt offj V\\ lawce them, 
come. [Exewif. 

Z thty mafi COME effi] This can never km ojr ToecV 
hi* Hofl's mta.ning. Ts €omt off' beirig in other lemu i^i/f/t 
frwi. Wc lay ft read, cow pt eff, h t dear ih«r reckoftif^ 



The Merry Wives of Windfoj 

S C 


Changes to FordV Houfe. 

Enier Page, Ford, M^s. Page, Mrs, Ford, mdEvztit, 
IS one of the bcft difcrctions of *oman* as 


ever I did look upon. 

■ Page. And did he fend you both thefc letters at an 
. Mrs. Page. Within a quarter of an hour. 

Ford, Pardon mc, wife. Henceforth do what thou 
I rather will Ibfpe^ the fun with cold. 
Than thee with wantonnds; thy honour ftands. 
In him that was of late an heretick, 
^s firm as faith. 

Page. 'Tis well, 'ds well; no more. 
Be not as extream in fubmifiion, as in offence j 
But let our plot go forward : let our wves 
Yet once again, to make us publick fport, 
Appoint a meeting mth this old fat fellow, 
^'here we may take him, and difgrace him for it. 

Ford. There b no better way than that they fpoke of. 

Page. How? to fend him word they*!l meet him 
in the park at midnight? fie, fie, he^ll never come. 

Eva. You lay, he hath been thrown into the river ; 
and has been grievoufly peaten, as an old *oman -, me- 
fhiaks, there (hould be terrors in him, that he (hould 
HOC come i methinks, his flefti is punilhM, he ibalj 
Jiavc no delires* 

Page, So think I too* 

Mrs. Ford, Devife but how you*li ufc him, when 
he comes i 
And let us two dcvile to bring him thither* 

Mrs, Page. There is an old ta!e goes, that Hemt 
the hunter, 


JO 7be Merry TPrues (f Windlbr. 

Somcdme a keeper here in Winifor fonA, 

Doth all the winter-dznc at ftill ofmidi^ibc 

Walk round about an oak, with ragged hams ; 

And there he Uafb the tree, and takes the catde; 

jAtid mak£s mikh-kine yield bIood,aiidfliakcsadB| 

In a moft iudeous and dreadful manner. 

You've heard of fuch a IfHrit; and wcD you know, 

Xhe fupcriticious idle-beaded BJd 

Recdv'd, and did deliver to our age. 

This tale of Hirne the hunter for a trudi. 

Pagi. Why, yet there want not mai^, diat ^ &r 
In deep of night to walk by this ffenttf's oaki 
But what of this ? 

Mrs. FotL Many, this is our deiioe» 
That Falfiaffzt that oak Hiall meet widi us. 
We'll fend him word to meet us in die fickl, 
Dilguifcd like Hcrne^ with huge hoins on fab head. 

Page. Well, kt it not be doubted, but hc'il awsc 
And in this fhape when you have brought him thidiffi 
What (hall be done with him ? what is your plot? 

Mrs. Page. That likevrife we have though i^ 
and thus: 
Nan P^e^ (my daughter) and my little fan. 
And three or four more of their growth, wc^l drds 
Like urchins, ouphes, and fairies, green and white, 
With rounds of waxen tapers on their beads. 
And rattles in thdr hands ^ upon a fudden. 
As Falftaff^ ifae, and I, are newly met. 
Let them from forth a law-pit ruih at once 
' With fome difFufed fong: upon their Gght; 
We two, in great amazcdncfs, will fly j 
Tbo) let them all encircle him about, 
^ And fury-like too, pinch the unclean knight; 

3 mtb fin/e diffuTca >tf : ] A diffujtdfoug iigniiici a ibng tktf 
iUU^a out iiuo wild fentiments beyond the booooi of nature, (iicfc 
as chofe whofe fubjcd i» fairy-land. 

4 And fairy-like to fiuch tbi uteltan KaS^ i\ TkcGraAmtf 
rt^uirM OS to read. 

And falrj'likt TOO, fimth th$ mMcleau Kmifht, 


■ 715^ Merry JFivcs ^/ Wind for- 

And ask him, why, that hour of fury Revel, 
III their fo fiicred pach^ he darca to tread 
In ftiape prophsnc ? 

Mrs, ford. And 'till he tcU che truth. 
Let the fuppofed furies pinch him round. 
And bum him with their tapers. 

Mrs. Page. The truth being known, 
Wc']l all prefent our felves ; dif-hom the Ipirit, 
And niocK him home to Windfcr. 

Ford. The children muS 
Be pra6li5*d well to this, or thcy*ll ne'er do*t. 

Eva. I v^iU teach the children their behaviours ; and 
I will be like a jack-anapes allb, to bum the knight 
with my tabcr. 

Ford. This will be excellent, PIJ gp buy them 

Mrs. Page. My Nan fhail be the Queen of aU the 
fairies -, 
Finely attired i& z robe of white. 

Page, ^ That filk will 1 go buy^ and in that time 
Shall Mr, Sknder ftcal my Nan away» {/ffidt. 

And marry her at Eaton, Go, fend to Faifiaff Wrmg^t. 

F<^rd. Nay, i'U to him again in the name oi Brook i 
lie*ll tell me alibis purpofe. Sure, he'll come. 

Mrs. Pag(. Fear not you thac^ gpget wpnopcnies 
and tricking for our fairies. 

^£va. Let us about it, it is adnrurable plcafures, and 
^by honeft knaveries. [Ex. Pagis, Fjord trnd Enrans* 
*Mrs. Page. Go, Mrs. Ford^ 

ed ^ukty to Sir John^ to Isnj&w his mind, 
[Exi$ Mrs, Ford* 
to the doflor ; he hath my gOod wiU, 

ij That Ji!Jt 'iMsli fj^o Airt« ai^d i» that dme-^l Mr. Thi^lald 
rcfrrrins; that lime to rbc rime ot buying the filjc, Alccfi il (o tirt, 
ButUiere i* no nerd of any change : fi>ar timf e^dent]y rrUtifW 
to the .ime of ihr maak with which Fffl^ej^ wsa to be cnicrainra» 
«ad which matce!i the whole fubjcft at tha dialogue. Tkcr^fore 

t^onuno^ radiag u right. 




7he Merry Wives of Wind for. 

And none but he, to marry with Nan Page, 
1 hat Slender^ tho' well Janded, \^ an Idcot \ 
j\x\d he my husband beft of all affeifts: 
1 he doftor is well monyM^ and his friends 
Potent at court j he, none but he IhalJ have her ;' 
Tho* twenty thoufand worthier came Co crave her. 

C E N 



changes to the Garter-Inn, 

Ent^ Hoft and Simple. 

HAT would'ft thou have, boor? wh; 
thick-skin ? ipeak, 

V V thick-skin ? ipeak, breathe^ di£mls ; 
Jhort, quick, fnap 

Sin:p. Marrys Sir, I come to (peak with Sir John 
Fdfi^^ from Mr. Skndtr, 

Ihfi. There's his chamber, his houle, his cafUe, 
ftanding'bcd and rnickle-bcd ; 'tis painted about wii 
the ftory of the Prodigal, frefh and new \ go, kn< 
and call ; he'll fpeak like an andiropophaginian un( 
thee : knock, 1 fay. 

Simp, There*s an old woman, a fat woman gone 
into his chamber ; I'll be fo bold as ftay. Sir, 'till 
come down : I come to /peak with her, indeed. 

Eofi. Ha \ a fat woman ? the K night may be robb'dl 
rilciiU, BuUy.Knight! Bully-Sir 7^A«/ fpeak fr( 
thy lungs military : ait thou there? it is tJiine Ho( 
ihinc Epbcfian caJis, 

FalflafT, above. 

Fal, 1 low now, mine Hoft ? 

Hiijl, Here's a Bohtmim-fartar tarries the comi 
down of ihy fat woman ; Jet her defcend, buUy, let 
dcfccndi my chambers arc honourable. Fie^ priv; 

Thd Merry IVives of Windloi^. 

Enter Falftaff. 

TaL There was, mine Hofl:, aa old fat woman even 

)w with mc, but Hie^s gone. 

Simp. Pray you, Sir, was*c not the wife woman of 

^ainfori ? 

FaL Ay, marry was it, niuflel-fhcll> what would 

)M with her ? 

Simp^ My mafter, Sir, my mafter Slender fent to 
T, feeing her go thro* the ftreet, to know, Sir, whe- 
ther one Nymy Sir, tfut beguilM \nm of a chain, had 
die chain, orno, 

faL I fpake with the old woman about it. 

Simp, And what fays fhe, I pray. Sir? 

FaL Marry, fhe fays, that the very lame man, chat 
beguird mafter Slender of his diain, cozen*d him of it. 

Simp, I would, I couJd have fpoken widi the wo- 
man hcrfelf v I had other things to have Ipoken with 
her too, from him* 

FaL What are they ? let us know, 

Hoft, Ay, come ; quick. 

Simp, 1 may not conceal them, Sir. 

FaL Conceal them, or thou dy'ft. 

Simp, Why, Sir, they were nothing but about miA 
trcfs Anne Page \ to know, if it were my mafter ^s for- 
tune to have her or no. 

FaL 'Tis, 'tis his fortune. 

Simp. What, Sir? 

Fal. To have her, or not go; fey, the woman told 

Simp, May I be fo bold to fay fo, Sir? 

FaL Ay, Sir ; like who more bold. 

Simp, I thank your worfliip : I fliall make my mat 
ter glad with thefe tidings, [Exif Simple, 

Hoji. Thou art darkly 5 thou art darkly, Sir Jsbn: 
was there a wife woman with thee ? 

Fal, Ay, that there was, mine Hoft \ one, that hath 
■^ taught 


334 ^^ Merry JVives ^ Windfon 

taught mc more wit than ever I leam'd before in 
life -, and I paid notliing for it neither, but was 
for mj learning, 


Enisr BardoJph. 

Bari, Out, alas, Sir, cozenage ! meer cozenage! 

Hofi, Where be my horfes, ipcak well of thou,! 
varlttto. I 

Bard. Run away with the cozeners ; for lb foon < 
I came beyond Eatort^ they threw me off from bt^ 
one of them in a (lougli of mire, and fet fpun, ni 
away, like rhree German devils, three Doctor Fu- 

Hafi, They are gone but to meet the Duke ; viUtt; 
do not fay, they aic fled i Germans are honcft meu 

Enter Evans. 

E^i^a. '^^^lcre is mine Hoft ? 

Hojl. What is the matter. Sir? 

Eva. Have a care of your entertainments ; there d] 
a friend o* mine come to town, tells me, there \s three! 
cozcn-jermans that has cozen'd all the Hofts of Rid^ 
iffgi of Maidinbiod^ of O/^ir^tf jf , of horfcs and mocT- 
I tell you for good will, look you \ you are wife 
full of gibes and vlouting-ftocks, and 'tis not 
nieiit you fhould be cozenM i fare you weU, [£««, 
I Ent^ Catus. 

Caius, Ver* is mine Hoji de Jartere? 

Hoft. Here, maftcr Docior, in perplexity and doubt* 
ful dilemma, 

Caius. I cannot tell vat is dat ; but it is tell-a-me^j 
dac you make a grand preparation for a Duke df^ 
Jam^fiy j but my trot, der is no Duke, dac the Court 
IS know, to come : 1 tell you for good wiUj adieu. 

Tie Merry Wives of WIndfor. ^i^ 

Hsft. Hiwandcfy, vilWn, go! affiftme, Kn^t^ 
I am undone ; fly, run, hoe and cry I Villain, I am 
UMlbne ! [fxi/. 

Fal, I woiild, all the world might be cozen'd, for I 
Kave been cozened and beaten too. If it fhould come 
to the ear of the Court, how I have been transformed, 
and how my transformation hath been wafh'd and 
cudgel'd, they would melt me out of my fet, drop by 
drop, and liquor fifhermens boots with me. I war- 
fant, they would whip me with their ftie wits '^H I 
were as crcft-faln as a dry'd pear. I never profpcr'd 
fince I foriwore myfelf at Primero. Well, ifmy wind 
were but long enough to &f my prayers, I would re* 
pent- '" ■ ■■ 


Enur M0refs Quickly. 
Now, whence come you ? 

^€, From die two pardes^ forfooth. 

Fal. The devil take one party, and his dam the 
other, and fo they ihall be both b^ow'd. I have fuf* 
for'd more for their fakes, more than the ^Uatnous 
inconftancy of man's diipofidon is able to bear. 

^ic. And have not: thqrfoffer'd? yes, I warranty 
fpecioufly one of them ; miftrels Ford^ good heart, is 
beaten black and Uue, that you cannot iee a wlute 
fyot about her. 

FiiL What tell'ft thou me of black and blue ? I wa» 
beaten myfelf into all the colours of tlie rainbow; and 
I was bke to be apprehended for the witch of Brmh 
ford\ but that my adminile dexterity of wit, coun* 
terfdting the a^on of an old woman, deUvct'd me> 
the knave conftable had fet me i- th' ftocka, i'th* com* 
aion flocks, for a witch. 

^V. Sir, let me fpc^ with you in your chamber ; 
you Ihall h^ how tiung;» 90, and, I warrant, to your 


jj6 'The Merry Wives of Windlbr. 

content. Here is a letter will hj ibmcwhat. G( 
hearts, what ado is here to bring you together ? fuit; 
one of you does not ferve heaven well, that you are lb 
Fd. Come up into my chamber. 


C E N E 
Enter Fcnton mi Heft. 

hofi. Mailer Fmton^ talk not to me, my inicd 
I will give over all, 

Ftn. Ytt hear mc fpeak ; afiift me in my 
And, as f am a gentleman^ TU give thee 
A hundred pound in gold more than your lofe. 

Hofi. I will hear you, matter Fmtm \ and I will, at 
the leaft, keep your counfeL 

Fm, From time to rime I have acquainted you 
With the dear love I bear to 6ir Anne Page\ 
Who, mutually, hath anfwer'd my afFeftion, 
(So far forth as herfdf might be her chufer) 
Ev*n to my wiJh. I have a letter from her 
Of fuch contents, as you will wonder at ; 
The mirch whereof's (o larded with my matter. 
That neither fingly can be manifeftcd. 
Without the fhew of both. Fat Sir John Falftaff 
Hath a great Scene ; the image of the jeft 
m Ihew you here at large. Hark, good mine Hoft > 
To night at Heme's Oak, juft *twixt twelve and oaCf 
Mufl: my fwect JVtf« prclent the Fairy Queen j 
The purpofe why» is here j in which di^uifc. 
While other jcfts are fomething rank on foot. 
Her father hath commanded her to (lip 
Away with Slender^ and with him at E^^n 
Immediately to marry \ (ht hath confcnted. — No^ 

Her mother, ever ftrong againft that matchj 


Th^ Merry T^wei of Windfor. 337 

Afld finn for Do&or C^s^ hath appointed 

That he fhall likewiiib fliuffle her away, 

(While other Iports are tasking of their minds ;} 

And at the Deanry, where a piieft attends^ 

Straight many her 3 To this ner mother's Plot 

She, ieetpi^gly obedient, likewile hath 

Made promife to the Doftor.— — Now, thus it rcfts; 

Her father means fhe j(hall be ^ in white. 

And in that dreis when Slender fees his time 

1\> tfdce her by the hand, and bid her go. 

She fliall go with him. Her mother hath intended^ 

ITie bttter to devote her to the Dodlor, 
(For they muft all be mask*d and vizarded) 
That, qudnt in green, ihe fhall be loc^ emx)b*d. 
With ribbands-pendcntj flaring *bout her hcadj 
And when the DoAor i^es his vantage ripe. 
To pinch her by the hand, and on that token. 
The m^d hath ^ven confent to 30 wdi him. 

Hofi, Which means flic to deceive ? lather or mo- 

Fen. Both, my good Hoft, to go along with me; 
And here it refts, that you'll procure the Vicar 
To ftay for me at church, 'tvnxt twelve and one. 
And in the lawful name of marrying. 
To give our hearts united ceremony. 

Hojt, Well, husband your device ; FU to the Vicar. 
Bring you the maid, you fhall not lack a prieft. 

Fen. So fliall I evermore be bound to mee ; 
Befide, Pll make a prelent recompenoe. \Extunt* 


Ri-mier Falftaff ^ Mftrefs (Juickly. 

Fd. Pr'ythee, no more pratling ; go, Pll hold, 

Tlus is the third time \ I hope, go(3 luck lyes in odd 

Vol.. L Z numbers} 

338 The Merry fVives o/" Wind for 

numbers; away* go; they fay, * there b diviiiry i' 
odd numbers, dther in nacivityj chance or 

^ic. ril provide you a chain, and 1*11 dowlvcl 
can to g^t you a pair of horns, [Exit IS^s, 

FaL Away^ I 4y, time wears : hold up your 
and mince. 

Enter Ford. 

How now, matter Brook ? mafter Brook^ the 
will be knovwi to night, or never, Be you in the Psk 
'about midnight, at Hirne*^ Oak, and you fhal k 

Fifrd, Went you not to her yefterday^ Sr, as f» 
told me you had appointed ? 

F^^ I went to her, mafter^rofjt, as youfee,iikci 
poor old man \ but I came from her, mafter Br^ 
like a poor old woman. That fame knave, F&ri kr 
Jiusband, hath tlic Jineft mad devil of jealoufic m him, 
mafter Brook^ that ever governed frenzy, I will tdl 
you i he beat me grievoufly, in the (hapc of a wofDSii 
Tor in the fhape of a mar, mafter Brook ^ ] fcir cat 
Coliab with a weaver's beam ; becaufe I know alio, Ife 
is a fhucde •, I am in hafte i go along with tne, V\\ tcB 
you all, mafter Brook. Since 1 pluckt gecfc, j^'iJ 
truant, and whipt cop, I knew not what 'twas to be 
beaten^ *tUl lately. Follow me, TU tell you ibange 
things of this knave Fordy on whom to night I will be 
reveng'd, and I will deliver his wife into your band. 
Follow; ftrangc things in hand, mafter Brockl fel- 
low. [ 

4 Thirt is divinity in odd vinmhrs, tithtr itt matitfiff^ 
*r diatff i] f . f, being bom in ao odd >e&r. having an ood 
ft] a laiiery, and tKe clitni^ei^ic years of 7 uid 6). 

The Merry Wives ^ Wind for 339 


Windfor ParL 
Enur Page, ShaSow» and Slender, 
OME, comci we'll couch i*ch' caftle^duch, 'till 
we fee the light of our fairies. Remember, Ion 
iSlmder^ my daughter. 

Skn, Ay, forfooch, I have Ipoke ml\i her, and we 
ibave a nay-word how to know one another. 1 come to 
ier in white, and cry, mum ; flie cries, i^udget ; and by 
[that we know one another. 

^Sbal. That's good too; but what needs cither your 
^■m, or her budget ? the white will decipher her well 
r^ugh. It hath ftnjck ten o'clock. 

Png€. The night is dark, light and fpirits wUl be* 
cx>me it well; heav*n prolpcr our Iport! ■ No ww 
means evU but the devil, and wc fhall know him by 
^U horns. Let's away i follow me, {^Exeunt J 

B S C E N E 11. 

F^ Enter Miftrrfs Page, Mijirefs Ford and Caius. 

Mrs. Page, Mr. Doctor, my daughter is in green ; 
^hen you fee your time, take her by the hand, away 
ynlh her to the Deanry, and difpatch it quickly % go 
before into the Park ; we two muft go together. 

Cuius, I know vat I have to do; adieu. [£xi7. 

Mrs, Page. Fare yoo well, Sir. My husband will 
fwt rejoice lb much at the abufe of Palfiaff^ as he will 
chafe at the Doftor's marrying my daughter; but *VA 

X N9 UAV MiAKs itiil hut tht Jfni/.^ This is a double blunders 
fcrr fome, of whom iKif wa» fpoke^wcrc wumen, Wc ihouM read 

3i|0 7v5^ Merry Wives ^ Wind for. 

no matter; better, a Utile chiding, than a great ddt 

Mrs, Fi^rd. Where is Nan now^ and her troop i 
fairies, (a) and thtlVeich devil Evans? 

Mrs. Page. They are all couch'd in a pit hardir 
Hernc's O^, with obfcurM lights; whidi, attbcfO 
inftanc of FaIJiaff'% and our meeting, they will a as 
difplay to the night. 

Mrs, F&rd. That cannot chufe but amaze him. 

Mrs. Piige. If he be notamaz'd, he will be 
if he be amaz'd, he will every way be mock* 

Mrs. Ford, WeMl betray hum finely. 

Mrs. Pag€. Againft fiach lewdftcrSj and their! 
Thofc, chat betray them, do no treachery. 

Mrs. Fcrd. The hour draws on; to die Oik, ® 
the Oak, [Enotf. 

EnUr Evans and Faincs. 

Eva. Trib, trib, fairies ; come, and rcmcml 
parts: be pold^ I pray you; follow me into the 
and when I give the watch-*ords, do as I ptd ytau; 
come, come i trib, trib, ££Mif- 


Enter FaJftaff, tmtb a Buck*s head m. 

FaL The mn^ar bfll hath ftruck twelve, the 
nute draws on ; now, the hot-blooded Gods affift 
Remember^ Jtn'e^ then waft a bull for thy EnrcfAi 
love fet on tliy horns. Oh powerful love ! that, c 
jbme refpefts, makes a bcaft a man ; in fome other, a 
' 'man a t^aft : You were alfo* Jupiter^ a fwan, forth: 
•Jove o(Leda: Oh, omnipotent love! how near rfc 
God drew to the complCToon of a goofc ? A faolr done 
iirft in the form of a beaft, — O Jove^ a beaftly fe«k» 

I (o) iFthh Ae^'A E^am t Dr. UHiy, — Vtjfg. Htfwf. 
c : -^ 

Ite Merry Waives of Windfiir. J41 

and then another fault in the femblance of a fowl :— — 
think on*t, Jcve^ a foul fault. When Gods have hot 
backs, wl^t (hall poor men do? for me, I am here a 
Winifir ftag, and the fatteft, I think, i*th* forcft. Send 
me a cool rut-time, Jtroey or who can blame me to pifi 
my tallow? who comes hext i my Doe? 

Enier Miftrefs Ford and Mfinfi Page. 

Mrs. ForL Sir Jubn ? art thou thoie, my deer ? my 

Fal. My doe with the black fcut? let the sky r^ 
potatoes; let it thvmder to the tune (£ Grem-Sktves ; 
n^ kiffing-comfits, and fiiow eringoes \ let there' 
come a tempeft of provocation, I will Ihdtcr me heit*' 

Mi3. Ford^ Miftrels P^e is come with me, iweet 

Fal. IXvide me like a (a) bribe-buck, each a 
haunch ; I ¥nll keep my iides to myielf, my fhoulders. 
for the feUow of tlus walk, and my horns I bequeath 
your husbands. Am I a woodnuui, ba ? Speak I Uke 
Heme the hunter? why, now is Cupid a dukl of oon- 
iaence, he makes reftitution. As I am a true ipsix^ 
welcome ! {Hinfe witbmi 

Mrs. Page. Ahe! whatnoife? 

Mrs. Ford, Heav*n fos^ve our fins ! 

Fal. What (hould this be? 

Fd, I think the devil i?rill not I^ve me damn'd, left 
the oil that is in me (hould let hell on fire; he never 
would elfe oois nie thus. 

[ (a) ^Irihf'hucK Mr. ntahaU, Volg. hri^d buck,} 


34 2 lie Meny Wives ^/Wind/or. 



Enter Sir Hugh like a Satyr \ Quiddy, attd tfi 
dreji like Fairies^ with I'aptrs^ 

^c. Fairies, black, gray, greoij and white. 
You moon-lhine revellers, and fhadcs of ni^t, 
• You Ouphen heirs of fixed deftiny. 
Attend your office, and your quality. 
Crier hobgoblin, make the fairy oyes. 

Eva. Hives, lift your names ; fiJence, you airy tt] 
Cricket, to IVindfir chimneys ihalt thou leap; 
Where fires thou find'ftunrak*d, and hearths unfwept, 
There pinch the maids as blue as bilbcrj-. 
Our radiant Queen hates fluts and fluttcry. 

FaL They're fairies y he, that fpeaks ro thecn^ 

ril wink and couch ^ no man their works muft eyt 

[Lyes JewH upon bisfm. 
•' Eva. Where's Pede? go you, and where you find 

a mdd, 
That, ere ihe fleep, hath thrice her prayers iatdy 
■ Rein up the organs of her fantafic j 
Sleep (he as found as careleis tnl'ancy \ 


2 Tau ORPHAW'WrJ af/lxeJ Jfjiimy.] But why Orptsmlmrif 
Dediny. whom they {ucceeded^ wa^ yet iu being. iVoubdcAi^ 


Ton OU>HKN-^f/j-i ^f fixd difiiny, 
i. i. you El'Vif^ who mintilcr. and Tuccecd in forne of the wctb 
of deftltjy. They are called, in chii Play, both before sod ifta* 
VF^rds, Ouphft i htjt Oa^btn \ en bring the pliind tcriOJiudoa of 
S&xQii no'jns. For the word is from^tbe Saxttt^ Alpcaoe, iU«i>. 
d^mones. Of it may be utiderJlood CO be an adjc^ix» as OKMJnr, 

3 %hi&l wp tht organs Pf htr fant^/e ;] TTie f^fi* of tUt 
rpecch is~(hac (he, who had performed her re h'gioiu dvtio, 
fhnnld be fccare again ft tht iilurioo of faneys and h^ive fcrr flcrp. 
hkt mm of infancy, utkdiliyrbed by &\(oTtieitd drrms, Tiiii mai 
Uicn tiic pijpukf Of taion, that evil fpincB had a power ov- 

The Merry IVives ^ Windfor^ 34 

But thofc, that flccp, and thbk not on their fins. 
Pinch them, arms, legSj backs, Qioulders^ fides and 
^ck. About, about; 
Search PP^mdf&r calWe, elves, within and out. 
Strew good luck, ouphcs, on every lacred room. 
That it may ftand *till the perpetual Doom, 
♦ In ftatc as wholfom, as in ftate *tis fit j 

tsxicy I and» by that means, could infplre wicked dreimi into 
(t who* on [heir going lo flecp, had not rccommcDded thcm- 


So Sh^ke/ptar makes one, Oi 

Celvrs to the prote^oa of heaven« 
||u lying down, Oiy, 

Fr9m fatritT, and tht Umfttn ef iht n'ght^ * 

Jki eKi( Is the knk, let us fee how the commOD reading cxprefles it * 

^AAie vp thi organs of htr f&ntafit^ 
J. r» inflame her loiagination with fenfual ideas 3 which is jud the 
contrary co what ihe Poet would have the fpeaker fay. We can- 
not therefore but coacMe he wrote, 

RciM up tht ^gum of her fanrafit, 
^rf, t. rurithem, that fhebenomorc difturbedby irreguUrimagina- 
lioni, than children in iheir fleep. For, he adda immedij^tdy, 

SUtp fie AS found ot tartUft infanty. 
So in the ^tmfift^ 

Give ttdi daliiAMtt /m muck the Riti. 
Ajtd in M^nfmrtfcr Mtafurfy 

I give my Jenjual r&(9 tht ii£tB. 
fa^itfe the rein, being jutl the contrary f9 rein up. The (aiof 
UiQught he ha> again in Muikbeth^ 

LL Mireyful pt^wirj f 

RfJtratH in me the turfed th^gba thai naimri 

GiifU *way to in repGje. 
4 In fiau ai ^vb»(fom.] The Oxford Editor not knowing iht 
meaning Q^'wk^ifim^ has altei'd tt to, 

I/t fitr A I wbei/hm, 
and Co hu made the wifh a moft aWard mt. For the file or 
ficu4Uon muft need* be what it is, till the general dcftruaion. 
But 'wkolfom here fignlfies tnttger. He wiiRes the caftle may 
aand in lEs prefent ftate of perfe4Uon» which the fuUowirtg wordi 
pljunly ftiew ^— ^^^ snJtaU * lit ft. 



34+ 7S^ Mef^ Wivif c/'Wiftdibr. 

» Wonhy the owner, as the owner it. 
Tbe feveral chairs of Order look jTou fcour, 
Wiih juice of balm and cv'ry precious fiow*r : 
Each fsur InfUbnent-Coat and fcv*ral Creft, 
With loyal blazon evcnnore be blcft ! 
And niglitly-mcadow-fairiesj look, you Hng, 
Like to the C«r/tT-compafs, in a ring : 
Th' cxpreflurc that it bears, green let it be. 
More fertiie-frcfli than all the field to fee j 
And, Hof^ Saii ^wi Maly Penfe wiitc, 
* In emrold-tuffs, flowers purflcd, blue and whicct 
Like faphire, peart, in rich embroidery, 1 

Buckled below fair Knight-hood's bending knee; r 
Fairies ufe flow'rs for their charaficry. ^ 


5 Worthy tht tmrnerf and ikt ^juner i>.} Aad csmoc be tk« 
froc reading. The contnrt wtU not allow it ; and |b< cpoft ift 
Qgccn Eiixahdf directs us to another. 

■ AS fhf rwmfr ii, 
for, fure he had moreadircfi than to conirtt himfelfv^th *ubif 
a thing to htt which hiicomplairaace mu(l fuppolc ^€taal[j v.m, 
mtinely, the worth of the owner. 

6 Jn tmr^Utuffit fis^j^rs puRrLB* hht and <u-*^/. 
tlh faphin^ pf^rif AND r»Vi rmhretdfry.'] 't^ititttna 

jnoft niiferably corrupted^ ]n the words^ — FJitntrm ^rfir* ' 
eniiii^hiitt — the /*«r^Af is left unccunpwcd. To mccdr tlw^ 
the EditoTB, M/ho fecm co have been fendbfe of the imperfrfiiM kf 
the comparifon. read, and ri^h emhroTdtryi that b, actOf ding 10 
them, as the blue and white Bowers arc c^jmpired co ftpbnciid 
pearly the purpU a compareil to rich imhnidery. ^Fbti* ifeAdd 
of meadingone falfe flep they have matle c\vo, by bringia£/ij^W, 
p*arf and tifh tmhr^idfry under osc predicamcDt. Tlie liaa 
were \\sxt>\t thus by the Poet, 

in fmrifid-tuft,JSrM*r3 PmrLBD, i/w* tfW ^whiif, 
tike faphire, fturl^ t M rii/i tmhraidery. 
u t. let there be blue and white flow'r* w^ried on the g: 
^i^ard, like faphirc and pearl it rkh embroidlei-y. To p*r 
to ovcr-ky with tinfel, told ihrcid, fe'r. fo out anceftors c^ 
certain hcc of this kioa of work a pur/img^laef'^ ^Tia ftcn 
Frtn^h^ pourfhr. So Spenctr^ 
^— ^— ' ^# •ujijj yciad 
Ail in a Jiikfn Camuif li/^ivhttt^ 
Pl/ftritD #;^fl, ix/itA many a fddtd f^g^^ 

z. 3. xS. 



7%e Merry PFives of Windfor. 34 

Away, difperfc \ but, 'till *tis one o*dock, 
Our dance of cuftom round about the Oak 
Of Heme^ the hunter, let us not forget, 

Eva, Pray you» lock hand ia hand, yourfclves in 
order let: 
And twenty glow-worms fliall our lanthoms be. 
To guide our meafure round about the tree. 
But flay, I Cnell a man of middle earth, 

Fd, Heav*ns defend me from that Wtlcb falryj kit 
be transform me to a piece of cheefe I 

Eva. Vild worm, tliou waft o'er-look*d ev'n in thy 

^ic. With tryal-fire touch me his finger-end ^ 
If he be chafte, the flame will back defcend. 
And rum him to no pan -, but if he ftart. 
It is the flefh of a corrupted heart. 

Eva. A tryal, come. 

\The^ hum him with iheir tapers^ and pinch bim» 
Come, vrith this wood take firCp 
FaL Oh, oh, oh ! 

^k. Corrupt, corrupt, and tainted in defirc; 
About him, fairies, fing a icomfij rhimc ; 
And, as you trip, ftill pinch him to your time. 

Eva, It is right, indeed, he is full of Icachcrics and 

The SON G. 
^^ Fie en fmful pbantajte^ 
^K Fie on lujt end luxury! 

^K iMfi is iuf (a) iUh* bhod^ a frt^ 

^^L Kindled with unchajte dtfiriy 
^K Fed in hearty wboft fiamu ajpin^ 

^V As thoughts to bl(m tkm^ higher and higher. 

' Tlit chanpr of at^d mto /», iq tlic fecond verfe^ iinceefTary. For 
flo*'r« worked, or fmrjitdm thcgt^fs wttt not like f,iphire and 
pearl rimply, but faphirc and peart m cmbroiJcry. How the cor- 
rupt miingand wai introduced into thewxt, we have ihcw» 

I Fincb 

34^ 7be Merry Wives ^ Wind for. 

Pimh bimy fairies^ mutually % 

Pinch bim for bis villofry : 
Pinch bim^ and bum bim^ and turn bim abeut^ 
'7711 candlesy andftar4igbt^ and mo&n-Jbine ht mT. 

During ibis S&ngy the^ finch him. Dolior Caius amt 

em way^ and Jieals away a bey in green ; Slender 

, another way^ and be takes away a hey in white \ ad 

^ Fenton comes^ and Jieals away Mrs. Anne Page* A 

n&ife of bunting is made within, jfO she Fairits m 

tfsftfy. Falftaff^w//j off bis Buck's bead^ and rifis 


Enter P;ige, Ford, 6ff. *fbey lay bold en bm. 

Page. Nay, do not fly \ I think, WcVc vmAtjoa 
now i 
WiD none but Heme the hunger fcrve your cum? 

Mrs. Page. I pray you, comej hold up the jeftoo 
Now, good Sir Jcbn^ how like you Wind/or wives? 
See you theic, husbands ? do not thefe fair Yoaks 
Become the Foreft better than the Town ? 

Ford. Now, Sir, who*s a cuckold now ? mafter 
Falftaff*% a knave, a cuckoldJy knave, liere are his homsi 
maftcr Brmk\ and, mafter Brvffky he hath enjoy 'd no- 
thing of Ford^s but his buck-basket, his cudgel, md 
twenty pounds of mony, which muft be pwd to maftrr 
Bre^k i his horfcs are arrefted for it, mafter Brocks 

Mrs, F^d, Sir Jobn^ we have had ill luck ; wt 
could never meet. I will never take you ffar my k>w 
agnin, but T will always count you my deer. 

FaL I do begin to perceive, that I am made an afr. 

Ford, Ay, and an ox too : both the proofs arc ex- 

FaL And thcfe arc not fairies ? I was three or 
times in the thought, they were not fairies j and yet 


Tl^e Merry Wives of VfmAtor. 34.7 

guUtmefs of my mind, the fudden furprize of mj 
powers, drove the groflhefs of the foppery into a re- 
cciv'd belief, in defpight of die teeth of all rhlme and 
realbn, that they were fairies. See now, how wit 
may be made a jack-a-Ient, when *tis upon ill imploy- 
mtnt ! 

Eva. Sir John Falftaff^ ferve Got, and leave your 
defircs, and fairies wiU not pinft: you. 

FqtL Well laid, fairy Hugh. 

Eva, And leave you your jealoufics too, I pray you. 

Ford. I win never miftruft my wife again, *cili thou 
art able to woo her in good Englijb, 

Fat, Have I laid my brain in the fun and dry*d it, 
that it wants matter to prevent fb groft o*er-reaching 
as this ? am I ridden with a IVekb goac too ? fhall I 
have a coxcomb of frize? *ds time, I were choak'd 
■with a piece of toafted cheefe. 

Eva, Seefc is not good to give putter; yourpelly 
b all putter. 

Fat, Sttie, and putter? have I liv'd to Band in the 
taunt of one, that makes fritters of Engltjb ? this is 
enough to be the decay of luft and late-walking, 
through the Realm. 

^k Mrs. Page. Why, Sir john^ do you think, though 
H would have tliruit virrue out of our hearts by the 
head and ihoulders, and have g^ven ourfdvcs wthout 
fcruple to hell, that ever the devil could have made you 
our delight i 

Ford. What, a hodgc-puddirg ? a bag of flax? 

Mrs. Page. A puft man ? 
I Page. Old, cold, withered, and of intolerable tn- 

^fFord. And one that is as (landcrous as Satan ? 
■ Page. And as poor as Jot ? 

F&rd. And as wicked as his wife ? 

Eva, And ^vcn to fornications, and to taverns, and 
Ctcks, and wines, and mecheglins^ and to drlnkings, and 
fwcarings, and ftarings, pribblcs and prabbles? 



aS 7be Merry Wives of Wind Ton 

Td. WcU, I am your theme ; you have the ftart ol 
nie i I am dejcded \ M am not able to anfwa- the 
IVtUh flannel ; ignorance itfdf is a plummet o'er roc 
ufe me as you will. 

Tori* Marry, Sir, we'll bring you to Wlnipn- to oof 
Mr. Brooky that you have cozen'd of mony, to wbon 
you fhould have been a pander : over and above thtf 
you have fuffer'd, I thiiJt, to repay that mony vd 
be a biting affliftion, 

Mrs. Ford. Nay, husband, let That go to 

amends : 

Foi^ive that Summ, and lb we*ll all be Friends. 

Ford, Well, here's my hand ; ail's for^vcn at hft. 

Pi^i, Yet be cheerful, Knight ; thou (halt cat % 

poffet CO night at my houfe, where I ^ill deluc iJitt 

to laugh at my wife, that now laughs at thee. Td 

her, Mr. Slender hath marry*d her dai^htcr. 

Mrs. Page, Dofliors doubt that \ uyfnMe Pitfrbe 
my daughter, fhe is, by thisj Do^or Corns'^ wife 


Enfer Slender, 

Sim, What hoe f hoe 1 father Page, 

Page. Son, how now } how now, Ibn^ have you 

patch'd ? 

SUm. Difparch'd ? TU make the beft m Gtouafier 

Jhire known on*t \ would I were hang'd la, «Uc, 

Page, Of what, fon ? 


ylifmm&t a$U te an/' tht Welch TLANftEL,] Sh^/^ 
po^bly wroie Wrtch f la men. As Sir Hugh Witt a cboioric 
Pricft, and ^pt to lake fire, flamen was 9 vfrjr pro|)CT cuubc, it 
being given to that order of Latin pricfts from the fiamc coloured 
habit By the fame kind of httmour the fculUon, in Tht C^mMj^ 
Errgrt, !£ called ihcICitciem- refial, it being hv JMUinefi lo kxxp 
the iire in i«pair* 


7f>e Merry Tf^ives of Windibr. 349 

Sktt. I came yonder ac Esion to matry miftreis jhtu 
Page^ and ihe's a great lubberly boy. If it had not 
been Tth church, I would have iwing'd him, or he 
fliodd have fwing'd me. If I did not think it had 
been jbine Page^ would I might never ftir, and 'ds a 
poft-mafter's boy. 

Page. Upon my life, then you took the wrong. 

Slen. What need you tell me that? I think fo, when 
I took a boy for a ^1 : if I had been marry'd to him^ 
for dl he was in woman's apparel, I would not have 
had him* 

Page, Why, this is your own folly. Did not I tell 
you, how you &ould biow my dau^ter by her gar- 
ments ? 

Slen, I went to her in white and cry'd mum^ and 
fhe cry'd bu^ety as Jnne and I had appointed ; and 
yet it was not ^ne^ but a poft-mafter*s-boy. 

Eva. Jefiiu! Matter Slender^ cannot you fee but 
marry boys? 

Page, O, I am vext at heart. What (hall t do? 

Mrs. Page. Good GeorgCy be not angry ; I knew of 
your purpoie, tum'd my daughter into ^een, and, in- 
deed, fhe is now widi ^ Dooor at the Deamy, and 
ti»e married. 

SCENE vn. 

Emer Caius. 

Cmhs. Ver is miftrefi P/s^f ? by gar, lam cozen*d| 
I ha' marry'd one garfoon, a boy ; one peaiant, by 
gar ; a boy % it is not Arm Page \ by gar, I am 

Mrs. Page. Why ? did you not take her in green ? 

Cmus, Ay, be g^, and 'ds a boy ; be gar, I^ rai& 
aU Windfm^. 

Fori. This is ftrange ! who hath got the i^ht Anne t 

Page. My heart mii^ves me \ here comes Mr.Fenten. 


The Merry IVives of Wind for. 

En^er Fcnton^ 4^f</ Anne Page. 

How now, Mr* Fentcn ? 

Anne, Pardon^ good fadier ; good my mother, 

Page, Now, miftrds, how chance you wcnc ooc 
with Mr. Skndir ? 

Mrs. Page. Why went you not with Mr. Dodor, 

Pent. You do amaze her : Hear the truth of it. 
You would have marry'd her moft fhamefiilJy, 
Where there was no proportion held in love : 
The truth is, (he and I, long fince contra<fted. 
Are now fo fure, chat nothing can diflbJire us, 
Th* oiFence ts holy, chat ihe hath committed \ 
And this deceit lofes the name of craft. 
Of difobedience» or unduteous tide ; 
Since therein flic doth evitatc and ftiun 
A thoufknd irreligious curftd hours, 
Which forced marriage would have brought upon her. 

Ford, Stand not amaz'd, here is no remedy. 
In love, the heavens themfelves do guide the ihttc j 
Mony buys lands, and wives are fold by fate, 

FaL I am glad, tlio' you have ta*en a ipedal Stand 
to ftrike at me, thac your arrow hath glanc'd. 

Page, Well, what remedy ? Fentm^ hcav*n give dwc 

What cannot be dchew'd, muft be cmbrac'd. 

■ Eva, I wiU alfo dance and eat plums at your Wed- 

FaL When night-dogs run, all forts of deer arc 

Mrs. Page. Well, I will mufc no further. Mr. Ftni^it 
Heav*n give you many, many merry days I 

t Thla Tpeeeh ii taken fr^m theedidon of 1^19^ hinPtf$. 

^■1^ Good 

T^he Merry Wives of WinAhr. 351 

Good husband, let us every one go home. 
And laugh this Iporc o'er by a country firCt 
Sir jQhn2XiA^\. 

Ford. Let it be fo : ^ - Sir John^ 
To matter Brook you yet fliall hold your word j 
For he, to night, Jhall lye with miftrcfs Fcrd. . 

\Eiitmt mmesi 



M EA S U R E. 

V©t. I. A a 

Dramatis Perfbnse. 

VINCENTIO, Duke of Yiamz. 

Angdo, Lord Deputy in the Duke*s aifince, 

P^ 1 7 jIn ancient Lord^ joined vntb Angdo ii. 

Claudio, a young Geniknum, 

Ludo, a Fant^ick. 

Two Gentlemen. 

Varrius, a Gentleman^ Servant to the Duke. 


SerT"^ } ^^ -^'^'^'• 

ji Juftice. 

Elbow, aftmple Conjlabk, 

Froth, a foolijh Gentleman* 

Clown, Servant to M^s. Ovcr-donej 

Abhoribn, an Executioner. 

Bamardinc, a dijfokte Prifoner* 

Ifabella, Sifter to Claudio. 
Mariana, betrothed to Angelo. ' 
Juliet, beloved of QhxidsQ, 
Frandfca, a Nun. 
Miftrefs Over-done, a Bawd* 

CuardSy Officers^ and other jbteniantsl 

SCENE, Vienna. 


Measure for Measure, 

rht Duie's PALACE. 

Enter Duh^ Elcalus, end Lords. 


D U £ £. 


EfcaL My Lord, 

Duki, Of Government the propertiej 
Would fcem in me c'affciS ipccch and dif- 

' Since I am not to know, that your own Science 
Exceeds, in that, the lifts of aH advice 
My llrcngth can give you : then no more remains : 


I Tlie (lory is ukeo from Cinthh^% Novdt^ Dietm^ %• 

Nnftm^tr j. Mr Pe^t. 

2 Sinu I am not U kno^w, that ysur envn Science 
Excttdi, iff tkat^ tbi lijit ef a ii adrift 
My Jirengtb cart givt ycu : thin ma mart rtmaiMS z 
put /^n/ /ffjtftfr fufHcieQcy, mj pur ^trfh ii ahlr^ 
And !et them *ujork, ] To the i&ccgrity of iJm rcaifnj 
Mr. 7heohaU <Ai]e&.it and fays » What ^txai ^{ia\i\^ t9 put t9 b!t 
/mficitrntyf tvhy hii fcitnc^ : B»t h'j/cuifft *nd fr^cttmytvtrt 

A ^ Z hd 

356 Meafure for Meafure. 

put that to your fufEcicncy, as your worth is abk. 

And Jet thtm work. The nature of our people. 

Our dry's inftitutions, * and the terms 

Of common juftice, y*are as pre^iant in. 

As art and praftice hath enriched any 

That we remember. There is our Commiffion^ 

From which we would not have you warp» Call 

I fay, bid come before us Angtk : 

What figure of us, think you, he will bear ? 

<. For you muft know, we have with Ipecial roll 

Elcfted him our Abfcnce to fupply \ 

Lent him our Terror, dreft him with our Love $ 

And giv'n his Deputation all the organs 

Of our own Power : fay, what think you of it ? 

Efi^dL If any in Vienna be of worth 
To undergo fuch ample grace and honour. 
It IS lord A^tb, 

hui pnt and tht fsmi fhing, Owt^^hai thm does the rflati^^iktM 
4*pfndf He will have it, chereforc^ that a line lui$ been 
dentally dropt, which he attempts to rcftore by dat di/i^i 
Nedum rfl fiirpa qurfrit. And all for want of knowiiig, thai 
fst^cirnty is meant authority, the power delegated by the DoIk 
Co £/'d?»i. The plain meaning of the word being tiiis ; ?al 
your ikiil /« g$iffrni/ig ( fays the Duke) /a fht ^^"Wfr ^ahith t 
gi'Vi you to ixtnift it, and Ut thttn ^W9rk itgtthtr^ 

5 ■ ^ad iht ttnB$ pftommQn jvfiUty ] *. r. boiindi^ 


d| For yen mmfi knuno otw h^ve *wit&/fie(ial SOtTL 
Eh^fd him our alfince H /up^i/t] 
JTius nonfenie muft be correfled thus, 

nxitb J^tcial ROLL 

im t, by a fpeclal commidlcn, For it appears^ froni tha fe(« 
'likat Sftaiut had one commiflion^ and Angih an^thtr. Tbfi Dofa 
liad before delivered Efcaim hta commiHion. He now dedm 
that deflgned for jlngtla: &nd he fays, afterward^ tQ bocb. 

Te th^ hopt/ui extcHthn d^ I /fat^ejeu 

Ofyour c^mmijjlont. 

Why Angth^ft was called the fpuml rsll wit, becauCe be % 
tuihority fupcrior to Efcaht. 

oid Efcalui, 

Tit* frji ia futfiian^ is thyfictndmj. 

Meafure for Meafure, 


E N 


Enter Angelo. 

Bukt. Look, where he comes, 
Jng. Always obedient to your Grace's wiU, 
I come to know your plcafure, 

Duke, jlftgelo^ 
There is a kind of charafter in thy life. 
That to th* obfcrver doth thy hiftory 
Fully unfold : thy fcif and thy belongings 
'Arc not thine ovvn fo proper, as to vrailc 
Thy fclf upon thy virtues ; thty on thcc, 
Hcav*n doth mx\\ us, as we with torches do» 
Not light them for themfelves: ^ for if our virtues 
Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike 
As if we had them not. Spirits arc not finely touched. 
But to fine ifiues : nor Nature never lends 
The fmalleit fcrupic of her excellence. 
But, like a thrifty Goddc6^ flie determines 
Her felf the glory of a creditor. 
Both thanks and ufc. * But I do bend my fpecch 
To one that can I my part in him advertife i 

F^^m/fptilim Jifiat intrtia 

Cflata virtus.- -^- Horn. 

6 But / dc he tid my /pet eh 

7* ant that fax my part in him md*oirtif* \ ] Tbii is Oib- 
fcvre. The meaning i?, i dircft nty fpecch to one wtio i» able to 
t€adi mc how to govern : my pari in him, ftguifying Jny ofitCC^ 
which 1 have delegated to him, 

7 * my pari ia him advirti/t ; ] i. t. who knowj whl( 

appCfUinj to the character of tJeputjf or viceroy. Can ad-vtrtift 
my part in him ( th&t is, hfs reprefentation of my perfon. Bat all 
cheie quaintnefTes of cxprefTioa, the Ox/hrd E direr {c^m^ {worn 
to extirpate ; that is, to take away one o( ShsAt/pear\ chaTa«.^e- 
ri^lic marks ; which « if not one «f (he comlicftj h yet one of the 
Jlrongeil. So he alters ihii lo 

7a am that cett^ in my port^ mt adverti/t- 
A better expreiiioik indeed, buc, for all ih&c^ noRC ai Shaii/^rarU. 

A a j Hold 

35^ Meafure for Meafure, 

Hold therefore, Angeb : 

In our Remove, be thou at full our fcIF. 

Mortality and Mercy in Vienna 

live in thy tongue and heart : old Efcaius^ 

Though firft in qucftion, is thy Secondary. 

Take thy Commffion, 

j^ng. Now, good my lotd* 
Let there be fome more teft made of my metal. 
Before fo noble and fo ^tat a figure 
Be ftampt upon it. M 

Duke. ■ Come, no more CTrafion : 
We have with a prepare and levcl*d choice 
Proceeded to you \ therefore take your hotK)ur». 
Out hafte from hence is of fo quick condition. 
That it prefers it felf, and leaves unqucIlionM 
Matters of needful value. We fhall write to you. 
As time and our conctmings (hall importune. 
How ic goes with us ; and do look to know 
What doth befal you here. So, fare you well. 
To th' hopeful execution do I leave you 
Of your CommiiTions. 

Ang. Yet gi^ me leave, my lord. 
That we may bring you fomcthing on the way. 

Duke, My hafte may not admit it ; 
Nor need you» on mine honour, have to do 
With any fcruple ; your fcope is as mine own. 
So to inforce, or qualify the Laws, 
As to your foul fcems good. Give me your handi 
PU privily away. 1 love the people ^ 
But do not like to ftage me to their eyes : 
Though It do well, I do not relifh weU 
Their loud applaufe, and Avc^s vehement : 

% Ceme, Kc mire e*vaJton : 
Wr harve ivith e prtP(ir*4 and l E a V E K * D el^hi 
Pro^tfdrd to yesii^ //d'Vf aV has no jTenfe in thii pljicct 
^louM read i^kvsl^o tUui. Tbe aHufton i» to archery, whtM 
a dim has fijtcd upon hh obje^, after taki/»g good $Sm* 


Miofure for Meafure. 

JiJor do 1 think the man of fafe difcretion, 
That docs affctfl it. Once more, fare you wcU. 

jing, The heav'ns give fafcty to your purpofes ! 

EJcaL Lead fbrtli and bring you bade in luppincfs ! 

Duke* I cliank you, fare you well. [£w/. 

EfcaL I ihall defirc you. Sir, to give mc leave 
To have free Ipeech witli you ; and ic concerns me 
To look into the bottom of my Place : c 

A pow'r 1 have, but of what ftrength and nature 
1 am not yet inftrufted. 

jing, 'Tis fo with me : let us witi^draw together, i 
And we may foon our (atisfaftion have 
Touching that point, i 

EfiaL ril wait upon your Honour. \Exeunt, 


E N 

The Street. 


Enter Lucio, and twc Gemkmen, 

J^ucie, T F the Duke, with the other Dukes, come riw 
A to compofirion with the King of Hungary^ 
vhy, then all the Dukes fall upon die King. 

1 Gent, Heav'n grant us its peace, bur not the King 
oi Hungarf%l 

1 Cent, Amen, „ 
Ltuw, Thou conchjd'ft like the fanflinionious Pi- 
rate, that went to fca with the ten Commandment^ 
but fcrap'd one out of the Tabic. 

2 Gent, Thou Ihalt not fteal. * 

Ludo. Ay, that he raz/d. 

I Gent, Why, 'twas a Commandment to com-*""^^ 
the captain and all the reft from their funftions » 
put forth to fteal ; there's not a foldier of us all, that* 
in the thankfgiving before mcat» does relifli the pcti- 
fion well that prays for Peace. ' 

1 Gent, I never heard any fotdier diflikc it. 

A a 


360 Meafure for Meafure. 

Lucio. I believe thee : for, I think, thou never will 
where grace was faid. 

i GcrU, No ? a dozen times at leaft* 

I Gent, What, in mccter ? 

Lucio. ^ In any proportion, or in any language. 

I Gen£. I think, or in any religion. 

Lu£io, Ay, why not? grace is grace, ' defpighiof 
all controverfie ; as for example, thou thy fell' art a 
wicked villain, defpight of all grace. 

1 Geni. Well i there went but a pair of Dicers lr» 
tween us. 

Lud&. I grant ; as there may between the lifts and 
the velvet. Thou art the lift. 

J Ge«t. And thou the velvet; thou art good K^ 
vet i chouVt a thrce-pil'd piece> I warrant thee : I 
had as lief be a lift of an EngHJb kerfey, a^ be xffi^ 
as thou art pil'dj lor a Fremb velvet. Do I 
feelingly now ? 

Lucio. I chink, thou doftj and, indeed, with 
patnfi:! feeling of thy Ipeech ; I will, out of thine < 
confeflicn» learn to begin thy health j but, whilft 
live, forget to diink after thee. 

t Gent, I think, 1 have done my fclf wroog, h 
I not? 

2 Gent. Yes, diat thou haft j whether thou 
tainted, or free. 

Ijicio. BeholJ, behold, where Madam Mtigati 

9 ff* afTf pttftrtiffv, h^J\ Here the Oitford Eiit$r rfi 
dialogue c^rJbis own. inltud ufEliii: ind, as one wouSi 
neither fci clear eor fa lively. And all for w«nc of knoini^ 
jneaniogof the word prcj^jithn^ which fignific* JB*»^r : And 
fcra to itic qucAion, IFvue, in z/jfch-r > 

] Jr/piiht of at! €^ntrQ*v€rfii ; ] Satirically biJiiraattiig tlMt tlic 
t^niT^^tffiii about j-r^rr were fo miricaw and eodieJs. tlwt Uht 
dirjftitanu unlculcd every tiling but (bis, that gract ^4Mj grscis 
whii^si, however^ io ipiie of coatcoveriy, ftiU renubcd ccrtAiA. 

1 Geni^ 

Meafure for Meafurt. 

1 Gtnt, I have purchased as many difcafa undo- her 
roof, ^ come to 

2 GenL To what I pray? 

1 Gmt. Judge. 

2 Gent, To uiree thoufand dolkrs a year. 
1 Gmt. Ay, and more. 

Jjuao. A French crown more, 

I Cent. Thou art always figuring dUeafes in me ; 
but thou art full of error i I am found. 

Lucio. Nay^ not as one wouid fay healthy i but fo 
fbtJnd, as things that are hollow \ chy bones are hol^ 
low i ttrtpiety hath made a feaft of thee* 




^H Enter Bawd. 

^P 1 Cent, How now, wliich of your liips has the moft 
profound fciatica ? 

Bawd, Well, well j there's one yonder arrefted, 
and carry'd to prifon, was worth five thoufand of 
you all. 

1 Gent, Who*s that, I pr'ythec } 

£awd. Marry, Sir, that's Claudia i Srgnior Clattdw^ 

1 Gent. Claudw to prilbi> ? 'tis not fb. 

Bav)d. Nay, but 1 Know, 'tis fo-, J faw him ar- 
refted J law him carry'd away ; and, which is niore» 
within thefe three days his head is to be chopt off. 

Ludo^ But, after al] this fooling, I would not have 
it fo ! art thou fure of this ? 

Bawd, I am too fure of it ^ and it is for getting 
madam JuUetta with child, 

Lueio, Believe me, this may be ; he promifed to 
meet me two hours fincc, and he was ever precife in 

2 Gem. Bcfidcs, you know, it draws fomechingnear 
to the Ipeech we had to fuch a purptKfc, 

I Cm. 

-62 Meajun for Meafure. 

1 Gtnl, But moft of all agreeing with the Proc^ 
Lucio, AvrzY^ let'sgolcarn the truth of it, [Ext 

Manet Bawd. 

Sa^d. Thus, what wich the war, what with 
fweat, what wich the gallows, and what with 
Tcrty, I am cuftom-flinmk. How now ? what's 
news with you ? 

E N 

Enter Cbwn, 


Chwn. Yonder man is carryM to priiba^r 

Bawd, Well ; what has he done ? 

Clown. A woman. 

Bawd, But what's his offence ? 

Clown. Groping for trouts in a pecuTiar river. 

Bawd. What ? is there a maid with child by 

Clown. No ', but there's a woman with maid by I 
Tou have not heard of the Proclamation, have youT 

B^^d. What Proclamation, man ? 

Clown, All houfes in the fuburbs of Vienna tsaii 
Oe pluck 'd down. 

Bawd, And what Ihal] become ofthofe in thedty? 

Cbwn. * They fhalt ftand for feed \ they had gcw 
down too, btic that a wife burgher put in for them. 

Bawd, BuE fhall all our houfes of rcfort in iJie fi 
be pull*d down ? 

Clo^PL To the ^ound, miftrefs. 


Z They Jhall ^^jid for feed ; ] Sinifa, iB his mock A_ 
cX Claudius, ridiculing him for hiving CxtfAdfld tbe uffkn d 
Roman ckizCns fo immoderately, makes CUlhf la/, f'^t mth<r' 
fuUt pupUum temper is adjictre iHi vsU^am, dun ^f ptgjien kU 
ftti /up^r/unt, tivitati donartt : canjlituerat enfm ^mttrs G^^^KM 
GaUos^ Hs/paftos^ Britanitoj, tfi^Ai&s *vUtri, Bid fwmiamt pl^^^ 
4tli^u9s ptrtgrinQs lu dfiiisn HELiN^jJit ei tm iimjuhetfari, ' 


Meafure for Meafure. 

' Bawi. Why, here's a change^ indeed^ in the com- 
tnon-wealdi j what fhall become of me? 

Clffwn, Come, fear not you ; good counfcUors lack 
no clients i though you change your place, you need 
not change your trade ; Til be your tapfter ftiJJ. Cou* 
rage, there wiU be pity taken on you ; you that have 
worn your eyes almoll out in the fovice, you will be 

Bofwi. What's to do here, Thmas HafJierF let*$ 

Ckwn. Here comes Signior Qaudi&y led by the 
Rovoft to prifon j and there's madam yuliet, 

[^Excum Bawd dnd Clownu 



tSnter Provoft, Claudio* JuJict^ md Oj^cers, 
end two Gentlemen. 


CUud, Fellow, why dofl rhou fhow me thus to th* 
Bear mc to prifon, where I am committed, 

pTQV^ I do it not in evil dif]X)fition, 
Sut from lord Angela by ipecial charge* 

Claud. * Thus can tKe Demi-god, Authority, 
Make us py down^ for our offence* by weight. 
The worus of heav'n ; on %vhom it will, it wiU ; 
On whom it Tftdll not, foj yet ftill *risjuft. 

3 Tiaj tan the Drtni-gtfd^ jfufJhrilff 

Maki 9i /dX ifonv»t for our oftitci, ij ^*tigtt 
Thi tvorit ef hta^in i oh tvbom it %»ilL tt will i 
On ^Adtn it *tjjiil Mt^ fi ; pt ftll! ^thjufi^ ] ThC Wwng 
pomllng of the feeond line hath made the paifage iininreUi|ibtc. 
TTicre ought to be a fill! iiop at ^fight. And the fcnfe 0? the 
whole 31 Ais ; ^ht Dtmi ged^ Authority, mahs m *4/ rhf/uUM^ 
malty 4f«mr efftnUf And iif di^rta *r^ at iittlt to he ^nrjlio^fd mi 
the *'MorJi ^fhtinjnti ^ohUhproneuJieti itt pim/an thm, — Ipitni^ 
and rtmit futtifomttt ai<^rdi*fg te mj ewn 9fifvntrfi9(iiii>U i^iih fti^ 

264 Meafurt for Meafure. 

Ijicio, Why, how now, Qaudio ? whence coincs 

this reftraint ? 

CImiii. From too much liberty, my Lucio^ Ubcrqr; 
As furfeic is the father of much faft. 
So ev'ry fcopc by the immod*rare ule 
Turns to reiVraint : our natures do purfue. 
Like rats that ravin down their proper banc, 
A thirfty evil ; and when we drink, wc die. 

Lucie. If I could ipcak fo wifely under an arrcft* 
would fend for certain of my creditors ; and yet, to 
the trutK» I had as lief have the foppery of frcedc 
as the morality of imprironment : what's thy offe 
Claudie ? 

Claud. What, but to fiieak of, would offend 

Litcio, What is' r J murder? 

Claud, No. 

Ijuw, Letdicry? 

Gaud. Call it fo. 

Prffv, Away, Sir, you mufl: go. 

Claud. One word, good fi-icnd:-'^-*ZLttdtf, a 
with you, 

Lucio, A nundred ; if they'll do you any good 
letchcry fo looked after? 

Claud, Thus ftands it wth me ; upon a true coni 
I got poflciTion of JulieUah bed, 
(You Icnow the lady,) fhc is faft my wife ; 
Save that we do the denunciation lack 
Of outward order. This we came not to. 
Only for propagation of a dower 
Remaining in the coffer of her friends j 
From whom we thought it meet to hide our lovei 
,'Till time had made them for us. But it chances, 

^/r 'who cart /hf ^nhaf ditft M«i. - Mak* kJ ^*y i^^n^ftr 

oftHce^ hy<ikrif^ht^ ij a fine exprcllian, to figtjify fnyitig ibcfv^ 
penalty. The rattaphor is nkcn from paying money by otw^W, 
ivhich is alwnvs cxaii; noc fo by t^U, on accoura of Hit pra&ce 

Meafure for Meafure* 

Theftealth of our ♦ moft mutual entertainment, 
"With charafter coo grofs, is writ on Juktt. 

Lucie. With child, perhaps ? 

ClauJ* Unhappily, even lb, 
lAnd the new deputjr now for the Duke, 
(Whether ic be the fault, and glimpfe, of newneii j 
Or whether that the body publick be 
A horfe whereon the Governor doth ride, 
Whoj newly in die ftSLt^ char it may know 
He can command, lets it ftraigiic fed the fpur ; 
"Whether the tyranny be in his Place, 
Or in his eminence that fills it up, 
I dagger in : ) but this new Governor 
j Awakes mc all th' enrolled penalties, 
"Which have, like unfcour'd armour, hung by th* wall 
So long, that nineteen Zodiacks have gone round^ 
And none of them been worn ; and, for a name, 
Now puts the drowfie and negk<5ted A& 
; FrcOify in me i *tis furely^ for a name. 

Lucie. I warrant, it i&; and thy head (lands fo tickle 
on thy (houlders, that a milk-maid, if (he be m Jove, 
i may figh it off. Send after the Duke, and appeal 
lo him. 
^Ciaud. I have done fo, but he*s not to be found, 
I pr*ythec, Lucio^ do me this kind fervicc : 
This day my Sifter (fcould the Cloifter enter. 
And there receive her Approbation. 
Acquit her with the danger of my ftate. 
Implore her, in my voice, that ihc make friends 
To the ftrift Deputy j bid her fclf affay him j 
I have great hope in that ; for in her youth 
There b a prone and fpeechlels dialed, 

as moves men \ befide, flie hath profp'rous art 

365 . 


-^ - — -. mvfi mattt^l — ] Le, mo(l intimate. The phf^fi; *• 

extrcEndy eicgant on thi« occariun; ycc difliked b/ the Ox/afd 
£dri9r^ vvho itrikft om 'toft. 




3 66 Meafure for Meafure^ 

Wlicn flic will phy with rca(bn and difcourfe. 
And well fljc can pafuade. 

Lucia, I pray, Ihc may \ ^ well for the 
ment of the like, which dfe would ftand under 
Tous impofition; as for the enfoying of thy life, 
I would be forry fhould be thus fooli/hly loft 
game of dck-tack. I'll to her. 

Gaud, I thank you, good friend ZmcIo. 

Luck. Within two hours^ 

Claud, Come, officer, away. [, 

ji M O NA S T E R r. 

Eniet Duke, and Friar Thomas. 


NO ; holy father, throw away that thouriit! 
Believe not, that the dribbling dart onovc 
CiJn pierce a compleat bofom : why I defire thoc 
To give me fccrec harbour, hath a purpofc 
More grave, and wrinkled, than the aims and codl 
Of burning youth. 

FrL M ay your Grace fpeak of it ? 

Duke, My holy Sir, none better knows than you.i 
How I have ever lov'd the life removed ; 
And held in idle price to haunt Aflemblies, 
"Where youth, and coft, and wiclels bravery keepSt 
I have dc!ivcr*d to lord Jn^elo 
^ {A man of ftrid ure and firm abftinence) 
My ablblute Pow'r and Place here in Vicmta% 
And he fqppofes me cravell'd to Poland t 
For fo I've ftrew'd it in die common car, 

5 Arnmn tf STtlCTtJ dt ami firm ahfiinenci] firiSmft 
SO fenfc in this place. We fhoold read, 

A man &f s>r^\cr vke an^ firm aifiiii€»^* 
f, t, a man ofrne txaSfft tot^tiSt «ad prsftii^d in clie i^m-w-i 
hi* palTions. Ure an old word for ufe^ pra£Ucc« fg t»mr*4p 
LdtUftEcd CO. 


^uid fo it I 

Meqfure for Meafure. 


id fo it is receivM : now, |«ous iiir. 
You will demand of me, why I do this ? 

pri. Gladly* my lord* : 

'Duki, We havcftiidt Statures and moft biting Laws, 
* (The needful bits and curbs for head-flrong Sreeds,^ 
"Which for thefe nineteen yean ' we have lee flecp ; 
Even like an o^er-grown lion 3n a cave, 
That goes not out to prey : now, as fond fathers 
Having bound up the thrcat'ning twigs of birch. 
Only to ftJck it in their cMldren*s fight. 
For terror, not to ufc ; in tioie the rod 
Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd : i^ our Decrees, 
Dead to infliftion, to thcmfelvcs are dead ; 
And Liberty plucks Jufticc by the nofc % 
"The baby beats the nurffj and quite athwart 
Goes all decorum. 

Fri. It refted in your Grace 
T*unloofe this ty'd up jullice, when you pleas'd : 
And it in you more dreadful woiild mve feem'd. 
Than in lord Augeh. 

Duke, I do feaTj too dreadful. 
Sith *twas my fault to give die people Icope, 
*Twould be my tyranny to ftrike, and galJ them. 
For what I bid them do. For we bid this be done. 
When ev'd deeds have their pcrmiflivc pafs. 
And not the punifhment. Therefore, indeed, my fatlier, 
I have on Angela imposed the office : 
Who may in th' ambufh of my name ftrike home. 
And yet, my nature never in the fight 
To do in flajidcr : And to behold his fway, 

6 T-&/ B/f^i//bitiaff^furlM/tfr Af*^#ir^ wEfiDS, ] Common 
^afe, and the integrity of the mctapharf fhcws that Sh^itjptar 
mote htaifir^ng ^trsd^. 

7 - ■ ■_ Wm h&v* i(t s LI F ; 
Tk» fimilitud* ftew* that Sif^iffpf&r wrote; 

I will. 


j68 Meafure for Meafun. 

I w3U ^ *twcrc a Brother of your Ordar, 

YiHt both prince and people ; therefore, pr'Ttheey 

Supply me with the habit, and inftnift me 

How I may formally in pcrfbn bear. 

Like a true Friar. More reafens fcx* dus aSioa 

At our mcMT leifure (hall I render you ; 

Only, this one : — Lord jhgek is predfe ; 

*^ Stands at a guard with envy ; icarce confeflcs 

** That Us blood flows, or that hb appetite 

*' Is more to bread than ftone : hence Ihatt we fee. 

If pow'r change purpofe, what our feeaicn be. [£xr. 

A Nunnery. 

Enter Uabella and Frandlca. 

Ifab. AND have you Nuns no further privileges? 
x\ Nun, Are not thefe large cnougjh ? 

Ifab, Yes, truly ; I ipeak not as defiling more ; 
But rather wifhing a more ftrid reftnunc 
Upon the fifter-hood, the votarifts of Saint Clare, 

LMcie. \witbin^ Hoa ! Peace be in this place! 

Ifab, Who's tHat, which calls ? 

Nun. It is a man's voice : gentle Ifabella^ 
Turn you the key, and know his bulmels of him ; 
You may ; I may not-, you are yet unfwom : 
• When you^iave vow'd, you muft notipeakwithmcn* 
But in the prcfcnce of the Prioreis ; 
Then, if you ipeak, you muft not (hew your face ^ 
Or, tf you fhcw your face, you muft not ^)«dc. 


% U^benycu hante ^vffovV, you mufi not/^ak with mtu. 
But in tbt fnfinct of tht Priorefs ; 
7<6m, ifytmfpeakf you rnufl not jbenu yomr fact % 
Or^ if yom f>e^ your face ^ ym muf not fi^mkJ\ Thisiia 
▼ery artful preparation for the eflMls that lfaM% fudicttadoB haf 
«■ Augtk in the folIowii»g Scene, as it ihewa the mifchieft tk 


Meafure for Meajure. 369 

He calls agan 5 I pray you, anfwer him. [Exit Franc 
Jfab. Peace and prolpcrity ! who is*t that calls ? 

Enter Lucio. 

Lucio. Hal, virgjn, (if you be) as thofe check-rofcs 
Proclaim you arc no lefe \ can you fo ftcad me. 
As bring me to the fight of IfabeUa^ 
A novice of tliis place, and the fair filler 
To her unhappy brother Claudio ? 

Jfab. Why lier unhappy brother? let me ask 
The rather, for I now muft make you know 
I am that Tfabella^ and his fifler. [you *, 

Lucio, Gentle and fair, your brother kindly greets 
Not to be weary with you, he's in prifbn. 

Ifab, Wo me ! for what ? 

LMcia. For that, which, ifmyfelfmiehtbehisjudgc^ 
He fliould receive his punifliment in thariks \ 
He hath got his friend with child. 

Ifab, Sir, make me not your ftory. [liar fin 

iMcio, "Hs true ; — I would not (tho* » 'tis my fami- 
With maids to ieem the lapwing, and to jeft. 
Tongue hx from heart) play widi all margins fa 
I hold you as a thing en-sky*d, and l^ted j 

beauty to be fo great, t}>at the tUligtout had laid down rules and 
r^ulations to prevent its iaordinate influenoef which leiTcni osr 
furprlfe at AmgtWz weaknefs. 

9 ■ ■ V/j mj familiar fin 

With maids ufttm tht lafwittg,-^] The OjefirJ Edit9t^t 
note» on this parage, is in thefe woras. The lafnaings fy with 
fitming fright and amxiety far from ihtir ntfis^ to dice I've tbofi 
m»b9 fool tbiir ytmng. And do not all other birds do the fiunef 
But what has this to do with the Infidelity of a general lover, to 
whom this bird is compared. It is another quality of the lap- 
wing, that is here alluded to, vis:, its perpetually flying fo low 
and fo near the pafTenger, that he thinks ht has it, and then U 
Ibddanly gone again. This made it a proverbial expreflion to 
fip&ify a lover's falfhood : and it feems to be a very old one » 
for Cbamctr, in his FlanxmanU falt^ &yi i J md i^in^tlmi 
ivtti €omitb lit, 

Vot. I. B b Bjr 


Meafure for Mtafure. 

By your renouncement, an immortal Spirit % 
And to be taJk'd with in finccrky^ 
As with a Saint. 

IJab, You do blalpheme the goodj in mt 

Lucfo. DonotbcHevcit. Fcwncfsand truth, *i 
Your brother and his lover having cmbrac'd. 
As thofe that feed grow full, as bloffoming dme 
* That from the fectJnds the bare fallow bnngs 
To teeming ' foyfon ; fo her plenteous womb 
Exprcffcth his full tilth and Jiusbandry. 

Ifab. Some one with child by him ? -^-« my 

iMcio. Is fhe your coufin ? 

Ifab. Adoptedly, as fchool-maids change th< 
By vain, tho* api, affcftion. 

LuctQ, She it is, 

Ifab. O, let Ilim marry her ! 

hucio^ This is the point. 
The Duke is very ftrangely gone from hence 5 
Bore many gentlemen, myfelf being one, 
In hand and hope of aftion ; but wc Jcam, 
By thofe that know the very nerves of ftacc. 
His givings out were of an infinite diftance 
From his true-meant dcfign. Upon his 
.And with full line of his authority^ 
Governs lord Angela i a man whofe bfood. 
Is very fiiow-brodi \ one who never feels 
The wanton ftings and motions of the fenfc j 
*But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge 
.Witli profits of the mind, ftudy and fall, 
.He, (to give fear to ufe and liberty, 
^« "Which have long rime run by die hideous lawf 
As mice by lyons 5 ) hath pickt out an afl» 
JJndcr whofe heavy fenfe your brother's fife 

i t ^kai frem tkt feedtteft — ] An oM worti for fe 
^60 the Iiwyers tranflate fimtn hytm&U 1$ V^^r^tf^ 
V'iikter fttdniji^ and [eat Jtidnr/i, 
\ i* I— /e^*] Kanrclt« Mr. Ptfi. 


Meafure for Meafure^ 

Falls into forfeit ^ he arrefts him on it ; 
And follows dofe the rigour of the ftacute. 
To make him an example ; all hope's gone, 
Unlefs you have the grace by your fair prayer 
To foftcn Jfigeh'f and that's my pith of bufuiefi 
'Twixt you and your poor brother. 

Ifalf, Dotli he ib 
Seek for his life? 

Lndo. H'as cenfur'd him already ; 
And, as I hear, ihc Provoll hath a warrant 
fbr*s execution. 

Jfab. Alas 1 what poor 
Ability's in me, to do liim good? 

Luao. AJTay die power you have. 

Jfib, My power? AJas \ I doubt, 

Ijtdo, Our doubts are traitors ; 
And make us lofe the good, we oft might win, 
By fearing to attempt. Go to lord AiJgeh^ 
And let him Icam to know, when maidens fue. 
Men give like Gods ; but when tliey weep and kneel, 
AH their petitions are as truly theirs. 
As they themfelves would owe them. 

Jfab, VM fee what I can do. 

Ludo. But^ fpeedily. 

IJ^. I will about it llrait ; 
No longer flaying, but to give the mother 
Nonce of my aflair. I humbly thank you ; 
Commend me to my brother : foon at night 
1*11 iend him certain word pf my fucoeis* 

Ijido, I take my leave of you. 

Ifak. Good Sir, adieu. ]Extiasi^ 


Bb 2 



Meafure for Meafure. 

7be P A L A C E. 

Enter Angelo, Efcalus, a Jujlke^ and Aiiendanul 

A N c £ L o. 

WE inufl: not make a fcarc-crow of the law. 
Setting it up CO fear the birds of prey^ 
A nd let i c keep one Oiape, * till cy ftom mike X 
Their pearch, and not cheir terror, 

EfcaL Ay, but yet 
Let us be keen, and rather cut a little, 
' Than fail, and bruile to death. AJis f this gcndcni? 
Whom I would fave, had a moll noble father ^ 
Let but your Honour know. 
Whom I believe to be moft ftrait in virtue. 
That* in the working of your own affeftioas. 
Had time coher'd >vith place, or place with wi 
Or that the relblute adting of your blood 
Could have attained th' efiFe<5t of your own purpolc » 
Whedier you had not Ibmctime in your life 
Err'd in this point, which now you cenfurc hias. 
And puil*d the law upon you. 

Ang, *Tis one thin<5 to be tempted, E/cahs^ 
Another thing to fall, I not deny, 
The jury^ paffing on the prilbner's life. 
May in the fwom twelve have a thief or two. 
Guiltier than him they try ^ what'* opca 

^ jullice. 
That juftice feizes on. What know the law^ 
That thieves do pafs on thieves ? 'tis very 
The jewel that wc 6nd, we Hoop and takc*t, 

1 ^hait FALL, «ffi/ ^rittYf f9 dtiith,] I fhouH ntto 
FELL, I. f. ItrikedowD* So ta Tfn^w ^f Jthtm^ 



Meafurt for Meafure, 

Becauft we f« it ; but what wc do not ftc. 

We tread upon, and never think of it. 

You may not fo extenuate his offence. 

For 1 have had fuch faults ; bur rather tell mc, 

"When I that ccnfure him, do lo offend. 

Let mine own judgment pattern out my dcatJi, 

And nothing come in panial. Sir, he mult die. 

Enter Provoft. 

EfcaJ. Bc*rj as your wifdom will* 

jing W here is the Provoft ? 

Prov. H^rCj if it like your Honour. 

jing. See, that QauMo 
Be executed by nine to niorrow morning. 
Bring him his confeilor, let him be prepared i 
For that's the utmoft of his pilgrimage, 

\^Exi£ Prov. 

EfiaL Well, heav'n forgive him ! and forgive us a!J ! 
Some rii'e by fin, and fome by virtue fall : 
Some run through brakes of vice, and anfwer none \ 
ilnd fomc condemned for a fault alone. 




Enter Elbow, Frothy Clown, and Officers. 

Elh. Come^ bring them away ; if theft be gotxl peo- 
ple in a common-weal, that do nothing but uic their, 
abufes in common houfes, I know no law \ bring them 

Jing. How now, Sir> what's your name ? and what's 
the matter? 

Eih. If itpleafe your Honour, I am the poor Dukc't 
conftable, and my name is Efhow \ I do lean upon juP' 
lice. Sir, and do bring in here before your good Honour 
two notorious benefa<5tors. 

Jug, Benefactors ? well ; what bcnefaftors are they ? 
are they not malefadors ? 

B b 3 Elh. 

37+ Meafure for Meafure. 

EB, If ir pleafe your Honour, I know not wdl ^rbat 
they are ; but prtcife ^nllains they are, that I am fint 
of; and void of all profanation in the world, that good 
chriltians ought to have. 

£/caL This comes oflFwell j here's a vnTe officer. 

jfng. Go to : what auality are they of ? Eliaw is 
your name ? why doft tnou not Ipeak, Elbow ? 

Clcwrt, He cannot. Sir ; he's out at elbow. 

Aig, What are you. Sir ? 

Eli, He, Sir? a tapftcr. Sir; parcd-bawd; ODe 
that ferves a bad woman ; whole houfe. Sir, was, as 
they fay, pluckt down in the fuburbs } a^d now ihe 
profeffes a hot-boufe -, which, I think, is a very ili 
noufe toa 

EfcaL How know you that ? 

Eli. My wife. Sir, whom 1 deteft before hcav'oand 
your Honour,— 

Efial. How ! thy wife ? 

Eli, Ay, Sir $ whom, I thank heav'n, is ao^hooeft 
woman ; 

EfcaL Doft thou deteft her therefore ? 

Eli. I lay, Sir, I will deteft my fclf alfo, as well as 
flie, that this houfe, if it be not a bawd's houie, it is 
pity of her life, for it is a naughty houfe. 

EfcaL How doft thou know that, conftahle? 

Eli. Marry, Sir, by my wife j who, if fhe had 
Ijeen a woman cardinally pven, might have been ac- 
cufed in fornication, adultery, and all uncleaonefi 

EfcaL By the woman's means ? 

Eli. Ay, Sir, by miftrels Over-done*s means, but 
as fhc Ipit in his face, fo fhe defy'd him. 

Clown. Sir, if it pleafe your Honour, tlus is not fo, 

Eli. Prove it before thefe varlets here, thou honour- 
able man, prove it- 

EfcaL Do you he^r how he milplaces ? 





Meafun for Meafure. 

^^ Gown, Sir, flie came in great with cliild % and 
** longing (favingyour Honour's rcv€rcnccj forftew'd 
prewns j Sir, wc had but two in the houfc, which 
at that veiy diftant time fl;ooJ, as it were, in a 
fruU-difh, a difh of fomc three pence \ (your Ho- 
nours have ten fuch difhes ; they are not Cbimk 
difhes, but very good dlfhes) 
EJcd. Go to, go to i no matter for the difh. Sir. 
** Ciiywn, No, indeed, Sir, not of a pin; you are 
therein in the right : but to the point \ as 1 fay* 
diis miltrcfs Elbow^ being, as I lay, with child, and 
being gccat bellyM, and lon^ng, as ! faid, for 
*' prewns ^ and having but two in the difh, as I CuJ i 
** maftcr Frotbh^xty this very man, having eaten the 
*^ reft, as I faid, and, as I fay, paying for them very 
*' honeftly 5 for, as you know, mafer fr&th^ 1 could 
*' not give you three pence again. 
Froth. No, indeed. 

•♦ Clown. Very well 1 you belug then, if you be 
<* rennembred, cracking the ftones of the forclaid 
** prewns. 

Froth. Ay, fo I did, indeed. 
** Ckwn, Why, very well ; I telling you then, if 
•* you be remembred, that fuch a one, and fuch A 
** one, were paft cure of the thing you wot of, un- 
" kfs they kept very good diet, as I told you. 
Froth, All this n true. 
** Clown, Why, very wtll then, 
Eftni Come, you are a tedjous focJ \ to the pur- 
pofc : what was done to E/I^o^^s wife, that he hatK 
caufe tocomplatn of? come to what waA done to her. 
" Clown, Sir, your Honour cannot come to that yet, 
EfiaL No, Sir, nor 1 mean it not. 
** Clown, Sir, but you Jhall come to k, by your 
•' Honour's leave: and, I befcech you, look into 
*• matter Froth here, Sir, a man of fourfcore pounfi 

•* a 

■ Bb 4 


376 Meafure for Meafure. 

^ ayesr; wbofe facherdT*d at KaSnmas. WaA 
** noc at HaSemaas^ mailer Frctb? 

Frztb. JB-h^uand eve 

*' C«ni, Why, very wirfl ; I hope here be truths. 
** He, Sir, Ctring, as I &y, in a lower diair, sir; 
** 'c^-as m the bunch of grapes, where, indeed, you 
** have a delight to Gr, have you not ? 

Fr^tb. I have fa^ becauie k is an open room, and 
good for Printer. 

^' dennn. Why, vciy well then ; I hope here be 
** truths. 

Aff. This will laft out a night in RmffiA, 
When nights are loi^eft there. I'll take my leave, 
And leave you to the hearing of the caufe ; 
Hoping, you'll find good caufe to whip them all. 


Efcal, I dunk no lels. Good nnorrow to your lord- 
Hiip. [ExiiAng!k>. 

Now, Sir, come on : what was done to Elbow's wiki 
once more ? 

Cbmn. Once, Sir? there was nothing done to her 

Eib. I befeech you, Sir, ask him what this man did 
to my wife. 

Clown. I befeech your Honour, ask me. 

EfcaL Well, Sir, what did this gentleman to her? 

Qoum. I befeech you. Sir, look in this gentleman's 
face 5 good matter Frciby look upon his Honour ; 'dt 
for z good purpof^ j doth your Honour mark his foce f 

ijcaL Ay, Sir, very well. 

Ck%m. Nay, I befeech you, mark it well, 

Efeal. Well, I do fo. 

C/no/r. Doth your Honour fee any harm in lA 
face ? 

E/cal. Why, no, 


Meafure for Meafure. 

Chmn. V\\ be fuppos'd upon a book, his face is 
the worft thing about him : good then ; if his face be 
the worft thing about him, how could maftcr Frofb 
do the conftable's wife any harm ? 1 would know that 
of your Honour, 

EJcaL Hc*s in the right ; conftabk, what lay you 
to it? 

tlh. Firft, an' it like you, tlic houfe is a rcfpedted 
houfe i next, this is a refpc6ted fellow ; and his mif- 
trefs is a refpe^ted woman. 

Clown. By this hand, Sir, his wife is a more refpcftcd 
perfon than any of us all. 

Elb, Varlet, thou lieft ; thou licft, wicked varfct j 
the time is ycc to come, that fhc was ever rcipc£ted 
■with man, woman, or child. 

Ci&wn, Sir, flie was refpefted with him before he 
marry'd with her. 

Ej€aL Which is the wifer here? Jujlice^ or /»/- 
^ity i Is this true? 

Elb. O thou caitiff! O thou varlet! O thou wick^ 
Hanmball 1 refpc^ed with her, before I was marry'd 
to her ? If ever I was rripefted with her, or Oie with 
me, let not your worfhip think me the poor duke's 
officer i prove this, thou wicked Haiimbal^ or I'll 
have mine action of battery on thee. 

EfiaL If he took you a box o'th' ear, you mighr 
have your action of ftander too. 

Eib. Marry, 1 thank your good worfhip for't : 
what is't your worfhip's plcafurc I fhall do with this 
wicked caitiff? 

Efidl. Truly, officer, becaufc he hath fome offences 
in him, that thou wouldfl difcover if thou couldlt, let 
him continue in his courfcs, 'till thou know'ft what 
they are. 

Elb, Marry, 1 thank your worfhip for it \ thou 
f^cfl, thou wicked variet powj what*s come upon 



4j$ Msq/un fir Mea/ura, 

thee. Thou lit to coobmse fiw, thouyarlce} diou 
arc to continue. 

EfcaL Where were you bora, fiiend ? [fV Frotb. 

frotk Here in Fienwa, Sir. 

E/cal. Are you of fouifcore pounds a year ? 

frotb. Yts, smd't jJeafe you. Sir. 

EfcaL So, What trade are you of. Sir ? 

[Tc the QowD. 

Qown. A tapfter, a poor widQi7*s tapfter. 

EfcaL Your miftrefe's name ? 

Chwn. Miftrefs Over-done. 

Efcal. Hath fhe had any more than fxit husband ? 

Ciffom. Nine, Sir: Over*dane by the bft. 

Efcal. Nine? come hither to me, mafter Etati: 
tnafter Frothy I would not hare you aoquainced vnth 
tapfters ; They wilt draw you, mafter J^^Ti&y aid you 
will hang them. Get you gone, and let me hear m 
Inore of you. 

Frotb. I thank your worfhip ; for mine own put, I 
never come into any room in a taphoufir, but I am 
jdrawn in. 

Efcal. Well » no more of it, mafter Frotb ; finwd< 



Come you hither to me, mafter tapfter j what's your 
name, mafter tapfter ? 

Clown. Pompey. 

EfcaL What clfe ? 

Clown, Bum^ Sir. 

EfcaL Troth, and your bum is the greateft tWng 
about you, fo that, in the beaftlieft fenfe, you arc 
Pompey the Great. Pompey, you are partly a bawd, 
Pompey \ howfoever you colour it in being a tapfter; 
are you not ? come tell me true, it fhall be the better 
for you. 

Meafun for Meafure. jyg 

Oown. Trulf, Sir, I am a poor fellow that would 

Efcal, How would you live, Penney ? by being a 
bawd ? what do you think of the trade, Pomfey ? is it 
a lawful trade ? 

Cl&wn. If the law will allow it. Sir, 

EJcaL But the law will not allow it, Pcmpeji nor 
it fliall not be allowed in Vtenna. 

ChwH. Does your worfhip n^ean to geld and ^lay 
rfl the youth in the city ? 

EfcaL No, Pompey, 

Clown. Truly, Sir, in my poor opinion, they will 
to't then. If your wor/hip will take order for the drabs 
stnd the knaves, you need not to fear the bawds. 

EJeaL There are pretty orders beginning, I can tell 
you : it is but heading and hanging. 

Clown, If you head and hang all that offend that way 
But for ten years together, youMt be glad to give out a 
commiflion for more heads : if this law hold in Vienna 
ten years, * 1*11 fent the faireft houfc in it, after three 
pence a bay : if you live to fee this come to pafs, fay, 
Pempty told you fo. 

EfcaL Thank you, good Pcmpey ; and in requital 
«f your prophecy, hark you ; I advife you, Ice me not 
find you before me again upon any complaint whatib- 
ever ; no, not for dwelling where you do ; if I ^o^ 
Pcmpey^ I fhall beat you to your tent, and prove a 
fhrcwd C^fat to you : in plain dealing, Pompey^ I 
fhall have you whipt : fo for this time, Pompfy^ fare 
you well, 

t rU nni tht fsiffji hou/t lit if, fsr tbnf ftnci m Anj; ] 
}4r, T^'&f-oW^ found that this was the reading of the otclbooks* ftiid 
he follows it oat of pure rcrerettcc for antiquity j for he knowj 
nothing of the meaning of ic» He fuppafes ^aj to be that pfo- 

icflion called s Bay-window { as if the way of rating houfea wij 
\y tht nombcr of their Baywindowi. But it is quite another 
thing, a^nd ^gnifies the fquated fnine of z. timber houfe i each af 
which divifiona or f^juarei \i ca.Ue4 a Bay. Hence 4 buiUbgoffo 
many Bayi. 



3 So 

Meafure for Meafure. 

Clc<vn, I thank your \vorfbip for your good coui 
but 1 Ihall follow it, as the fleih and fortune 
ter determine, 

Whip me ? no, no ; iec cannan whip his jade ; 
The valiant bean's not whipt out uf his trade. 



Efcal, Come hither to me, mafter EJi0W\ 

hither, malter conftablc \ how long have you been 
this place at conJlablc ? 

Jdb. Seven years and a half. Sir, 

Efcai I thought, by your readinefs in the offioC 
you had condnued in it fome time : yoii lay kvca 
years together ? 

Elh. And a ha!f^ Sir. 

tfcal Alas ! it hath been great pains to you { rhey 
do you wrong to put you fo oft upon'c ; are there ccc 
men in your ward fuffident to ferve it ? 

Elh. Faith, Sir, few of any wit in fuch maacrs; as 
they are cholen, they are glad to chufc mc for than, 
I do It for fome piece of mony, and go chrougj^ 
with aiL 

Efcal, Look you, bring me in the names of Ibaie fix 
or fcven, the moll fufBcient of your parifh. 

Elh, To your worfhip's hoL3le, Sir ? 

EfcaU To my houfe ; fare you well. What's a 
think you ? {Exii iilbow. 

Juji. Eleven, Sir. 

Efcal. I pray you, home to dinner with mc. 

Juft. I humbly thank you. 

EfcaL It grieves me for the death of Qokdio; 
But there's no remedy. 

Juji, Lord /higcb is fcvere. 

EfiaL It is but needful : 
Merqr is not it felf, that oft looks foj 
Pardon is fliU the nurfc of fecond woe ; 


Meafure for Meafure. 

But yec, poor ClauJio ! chere*s no remedy. 
Come, Sir* 




Enter Provoft, anJ a Servam. 

Serv, He*s hearing of a caufe ; he will come flr^ght : 
rU tell him of you. 

Pnyu, Pray you, do ; 1*11 know 
His pJeafurc i 't may be, lie'U relent ; alas! 
He hath but as ofTended in a dream : 
All faSs, all ages fmack of this vice j and he 
To die for it ! ^— 

Enter Angclo. 

jifig. Now, what's the macter, Prcvofi ? 

Prov, Is it your will, Ciaudio ihall die to morrow ? 

Ang. Did not I tell thee, yea? hadft thou not order? 
Why doft thou ask again ? 

Prav* Left I might be too raib. 
Under your good corrcftion, I have fecn. 
When, after execution, judgment hath 
Repented o'er his doom. 

jing. Go to i let that be mine. 
Do you your office, or give up your place. 
And you fhaU well be fpar*d. 

Prov, I crave your pardon. 
What ihail be done, Sir, with the groaning Juliet ? 
She's very near her hour. 

/Ing, Difpofe of her 
To fomc more fitting place, and that with fpeed. 

Serv. Here is the lifter of the man condemn *d, 
Defircs accefs to you, 

Artg, Hath he a Cfter? 

Prov. Ay* my good lord, a very virtuous maid. 
And to be fliortfy of a fifter-hood. 
If not already. 

$2 Meafure for Meafure. 

Ang. Well i let her be admitted. {Exit Si 
See you, the forricatrefs be removM ; 
Let her have needful^ but not lavjfli, means % 
There ihall be order for it. 


Enter Lucio md Ilabclla. 


PrtiX. *Save your honour. 

Ang, Stay yet a while. Y'are welc<xnci wha:'i 

your will? 

Ifab. I am a woful fuitor to your Honour* 
Pleafe but your Honour hear me. 

Ang. Wen \ what*s your fuit ? 

IJah. There is a vice tli;it moft I do abhor. 
And moft defire fhould meet the blow of jufticc 3 
For which I would not plead, but chat I mufti 
For which I muft not plead, but that 1 anv 
At war, *twb<t will, and will not. 

Ang. Well \ the matter ? 

Ijab, I have a brother is condemn'd to die ; 
1 do beieech you, let it be his fault, 
And not my brother. 

Vrov. Heav'n give thee moving graces! 

Ang. Condemn the fault, and not the a&of c 
Why, every fault's condemned, ere it be done 5 
Mine were the very cipher of a flindkion. 
To find the faults, whole fine ftands in record. 
And let go by the aflor* 

Ifah. Ojuft, but fevere law! 
I had a brother then \ heav'n keep your Honoi 

Jjucio, Give not o*er fo : to him again, intreac him. 
Knee! down before him, hang upon his gown \ 

You are too cold 1 if 

You could not with 
To him, I fay* 

more tamt a tongue 

defire it. 

IJab^ Mull he needs die ? 

Meafure for Me^fun. 

Atg. Makien, no remedy, 

JJak Yes i I do think that yog might pardon 
him ; 
And neither heav*n, nor man, grieve at the mercy. 

jjng. I will not do't, 

Ifak, But can you, if you would ? 

Aitg. Look, whnt £ will nota that I cannot do. 

Ifab. But might you do*t, and do the world no 
If fo your heart were touch'd with that remorfe. 
As mine is co him ? 

Afig. He*s fcntcnc'd ; *tis cuokte. 

Lsicio, You are too cold. 

ifak Too late? why, noj I, that do (peak a word. 
May call it back again : Well believe this. 

No ceremony th^t to Great ones 'long?. 

Not the King*s crown, nor tlie deputed fword, 

Themarfhal's truncheon, nor the judge's robe. 

Become them with one half lb good a grace* 

As mercy does : if he had been as you^ 

And you as he, you would have flipt like him ; 

But he* like you, would not liave been fo ftem. 

jing. Pray you, be gone. 

I/ak I wou'd to lieav'n I had your potency. 
And you were Ifst&ei ; fhould it then be thus ? 
No J I would tell what 'twere to be a judge, 
And what a priibncr. 

Lucw. Ay, touch him \ there's the vdn. 

Ar:g, Your brother is a forfeit of tlie law. 
And you but wafte your words. 

IJai. Alas! alas! 
** Why, ' all the fouls that arc, were forfeit oncc: 
** And he, that might the Vantage beft liavc took, 
** Found out the remedy. How would you be. 




I — ^i tbt fiuli tiut w£tt»] Tbh ii fetlfe dtTmity. 
thould read ake« 





Meafure for Meafun. 




If he, which is the top oFjudgmoit, fhould 

But judge you» as you are ? oh, think on chati 

♦ And mcrq^ then will breathe within your lips. 

Like man new made. 

Ang. Be you content, fair m^d ; 
It is die law, not I, condemns your brother. 
Were he my kinfman^ brother, or my Ion, 
It fhould be chus with him \ he dies to-morrow. 

IJah. To-morrow, Oh ! that's fudden. Spare him, 
Ipare him, 
He*s not preparM for death : Even for our kitdun 
We kill the fowJ, of feafon ; ihall wc ftrvc hcav*!! 
With lefe reiJDcft, than we do minifter [yoo: 

To our grofs fdves ? good» good my lord, betbiok 
Who is it, that hath dy'd for this offence ? 
There's many have committed it, 

Lucio^ Ayj well faid. 

Ang. The law hath not been dead, cho* it hath D 
Thofe many had not dar'd to do that evil. 
If the firft man that did th' edift infringe. 
Had anfwer^d for his deed. Now, 'tis awake; 
Takes note of what is done ; and, ^ like a prophet 
Looks in a glafs that ihews what future evils. 
Or new, or by remilsnefe ncw-conceiv*d» 
And fo in progrefs to be hatch'd and bom. 
Are now to have no Jucceflivc degrees j 
{a) But ere they live, to end* 

4 And mtref thin ^wW hrtathi nvithin yemr itpi^ 

Like man nptu.' tnaJr.'\ Thi* is 3 fine thoughti and 
expreffed : The meaning h, that meny ^wiU &dJ fiich ^ra^* ^ 
jQur ptrkn^ thai f9u *wtfi Appear as amfaSl* «i m4im etmw fr^ 
9Ui e/iie handt of his mat^f. 

5 liki a pr^phftj 

Laoki in a giafs^ Th'xs alludes CO iKc foppeiia of dtf 
Berril, much ufed at ch^c cime by cheats and fortune ccUen n 

prcdift by. 

[(d) Bui its thtf lii>ef — Oxford Edit. Vu]^^ 

Bmt km 


Meafure for Meafure. 

Jjab. Yet fhew fomc pity. 

" Ang, I rtiew it moft of all, when I flicw juftkci 
■* For then 1 plcy thofe, I do not know i 
** Which a diimifs'd offence would after gaul ; 
And do him right, that, anAvering one foul wrongs 
lives not to aft another. Be latisfy*d ; 
Your brother dies to-morrow ; be content* 

Ifab. So you muft be the firft, that gives this fen* 
tence ; 
And hCj that fuffers: oh, *ds excellent 
To have a giant's (Irength \ but it is tyrannous. 
To ufe it hke a giant. 

Ludo. That's weU faid. 

I/aif, Could great men thunder 
As yove himfcif docs, J&ve would ne'er be quiet 5 
For every pelting, petty, officer 
"Would ufe his heav'n for thunder ; 

* Nothing but thunder; merciful heav*n ! 

* I'hou rather with thy fharp, and fulph'rous, bole 
Split'ft the unwedgeable and gnarled oak, 
Than the foft myrtle : O, but man ! proud man, 
Drelt in a little brief authority, 
Moft ignorant of what he's moft aHlir'd, 
His glafly cflcnce, like an angry ape. 
Inlays fuch fancatlick tricks before high heav n* 
* As makes die angels weep ; ' who, with our fpleens. 


Wuuld all themfclves laugh mortal* 


6 ^s maht df aii£f/t 'uteip ; ] The aonoa of angcU wcepiag 
for the Tins of men is rabbinical. OA pfccstMot /entti ««- 

7 -*Ci6fl* *with our fpJttftSt 

t^otiU ail fhtmjelvti hi»gh mertAl] Mr. fhtoSalJ iky* 
the meaning of this i*. //>*/ if tht^ *itnre tnJrujed ^til^ cnr ^Urnt 
^nd ptrijhiibh ffrgant, they *svea/d laugh thtmfehts out of immar- 
lality: Which amounts eo this, thar if they w«r€ morul they 
woulcl not be tmmorul. Sh^iitfptar mcuntno fuch nonfe^fe. By 
f^Utnt^ he meant that peculiar torn of the human mind, thai al- 
wayi vwlcntly inclme*it to a fpitcful, unfcdfonablc mirth. Had 

VOL. f. € C Ul« 

386 Meqfure for Meafure. 

Luch, Oh, to him, to him, Wttich ; he wll rdcDt ; 
He's coming : I percdve't, 

Pr&v, Pray heav*n, (he win him ! 

JfaL ' We cannot weigh our brother with yourfetf : 
Great men may jeft with Sdnts ; *ds wit in them 5 
But, in the leis, foul prophanation. 

Lucio, Thou*rt nffxt, girl ; more o* that. 

Jfai. That in the captain^s but a ch(^rick wwd. 
Which in the foldier is flat blalphcmy. 

Lucio, Art avisM o* that ? more on't. 

jing. Why do you put thefe fayings upon me f 

Ifi^. Becaufe authority, tho' it err like others. 
Hath yet a kind of medicine in itfelf. 
That skins the vice o* th* top : go to your bofimi ; 
Knock there, and ask your heart, what it doth knov 
That's like my brother's fault ; tf it confeis 
A natural guiltinefs, fuch as is his. 
Let it not found a diought upon your tongue 
Againft my brother's life. 

jing. She fpcaks, and 'tis fuch fenfe, 
f That my fenfe bleeds with it. Fare you well, 

Ifab, Gentle, my lord, turn back. 

u^ng. I will bethink me 5 come again to-morrow. 

Ifaif. Hark, how I'll bribe you: good my hriy 
turn back. 

the angels that, (ays Shah/p^ar, they would laagh themielvo 
out of their immortality, by indulging a paflion which does 00c de- 
ferve that prerogative. The ancients thought^ that immoderate 
laughter was caufed by the bignefs of the fplcen. 

8 ff'e cannot iveigh our brother nvith o\ir/e/^: ] Why CooM 
(he not ? She could not weigh her brother with the Duke indeed, 
their qualities being fo difproportioncd as to aggravate her bro- 
ther's crimes, and extenuate the Duke's. So that it is pkin we 
ihould read 

— • — ■ — 'with yoaT/e/f. 

9 That my fenfe bleeds 'u^ith //.] The firft Folio reads hntit, 
which tho' it have no meaning, yet Mr. Theobald adopts, uk 
diicards a \^ty feniible word, to make room for it. 

Meafure for Meafure, 

ylng. How ? bribe me ? 

Ifab. Ay, with fuch gifts, that heav*n fhall Ihare 
with you. 

Lucio. You Iiad marr'd aD elfe. 

Ifab, Not with fc3nd fhekks of the ' tcfted goldj 
Or ftones, whofe rate are either rich, or poor. 
As fancy values them ; but with true prayers, 
That iTiall be up at heav'n, and enter there. 
Ere fun-rife : prayers from ^ prtrlerved ibuls, 
From fafting maids^ whofe minds arc dedicate 
To nothing CemporaL 

jing. WelJ ; come to-morrow. 

Lucht. Go to ; 'tis well ; away, 

IJai. Heav'n keep your Honour fafe ! 

jl^g. Amen : 
For I am that way going to temptation^ 
Where prayers crofs, 

Ifab. At what hour to-morrow 
Shall I attend your lord (hip? 

ying. At any time *fore noon. 

I/ai. Save your Honour I 

[^Exeuni Lucio and Ifabella. 


N E 


j^jTg, From thee i even from thy virtue. 
What's this? what's this ? is this her fault, or mine ? 
'* The tempter, or the tempted, who fim moft ? 
'* Not (he ; nor doih fhe tempt ; but it is I, 
** That, lying by the violet in the fun, 
** Do, a.s the carrion does, not as the flower* 
•* Corrupt with ^ virtuous feafon. Can it be^ 

I n^ij gold,] t. f. &ttell«J» or marked with the fUnJird 


z *" ■ prtftr*vtd /&«//«] i.e. {yrcferved from the corrupiion 
of the world. The metaphor \i itkcn from fruits prcfervcd ia 

3 'vfr/uffjjr feaibn ] r\ r, kindly fcafofl. But ihc fubjc^ 

bcrv £ivei the figure a peculiar elegance, 

Cc 2 •* That 


388 Meafure for Meafure. 

" That modcfty may more betray our inntz^ 
** Than woman's lighcnefs ? having wafte 

enough J 
*' Shall we defire to raze the ian<fluary, 
*' And pitch our evils there ? oh^ fie, fie, fie ! 
What dofl: thou ? or what art thou, Angela ? 
Doft thou defire her foully, for thoic things 
That make her good ? Oh, let her brother live 
Thieves for their robbery have authorityj 
When judges ftealthemfclves. What? do I lovcbcr" 
That 1 defire to hear her Ipeak again. 
And fcaft upon her eyes? what is*r I dream on? 
Oh, cunning enemy, that^ to catch a Saint, 
With Saints doft bait thy hook ! moft dangerous 
** Is that temptation, that doth goad us on 
" To fin in loving virtue : neVr could the 
With all her double vigour^ art ajid nature^ 
Once ftir my temper \ but this virtuous maid 
Subdues me quite : Ever ^tilJ this very Now, 
When men were fond, I fmil'd, and wondcr'd 

Cbanga to a Prifon^ 



Enter Duke hahiud like a Friary and Pravcfi. 

Bukc, rj A I L to you, Provoft ! fo, I think, you 
XjL Pr&v, I am the Provoft j what*s 5 
will, good Friar? 
Buke. Bound by my charity, and my bleft Order, 
I come to vifit tlie afflided fpirits 
Here in the prilbn \ do me the common right 
To let me fee them, and to make me kjiow 
The nature of their crimes i diat 1 may minifter 
To them accordingly, 

Prov, 1 would do more than that, if more 

Meafure for Meafure, 


Enltr Juliet. 

Look, here comes one ; a gentlewoman of mine, 
■* Wlio falling in the fiames of her own youth, 
Hath blilterM her report : fhe is with child i 
AnA he, that got it, Icncenc'd : a young man 
More fit to do another luch oiTencc, 
Than die for this. 

Duke. When muft he die ? 

PrGV, As I do think, to-morrow. 
I have provided for you j ftay a while, [7i Juliet. 
And you fliall be conduced, 

[Duke. Repent you, fair one, of the fin you carry ? 
, Juliet, I do ; and bear the fhame moft: patiendy. 
i Duke, ril teach you, how you fhall arraign your 
" conlcience, 

And try your penitence, if it be found, 
Or hollowly put on, 
Juliet, ril gladly learn. 
Duke, Love you the man that wrong'd you ? 
I Juliet, Yes, as I love the woman that wrong'd him. 
' Duke, So then. It feems, your mofl offcnceful ait 
Was mutually committed. 
Juliet. Mutually. 

Duke. Tlien was your fin of heavier kind dian his. 
Juliet, I do confefs it, and repent it, father. 
Duke. 'Tis meet fo, daughter i but repent you not* 
As that the fm liarh brought you to diis fliame? 
Which forrow's always tow'j'ds ourielves, not hcav*n ; 
Shewing, we'd not feek heaven, as wc love itj 
But as we ftand in fear. 

Juliet. I do repent me, as it is an cv'd ; 
And take the ihame with joy, 

^ Who /"ii/lifrg in the flaws tf hir invn jfiatA 

Hath blillciM htr rtport :\ Who dofh not fee that r1i« 
integrity of the mcDptior rcquiici wc Diuuld r«&d FLAMSf •/ i>tr 

C c 3 Duke. 

-no Meafure for Meafure. 

Duke. There reft. 
Your partner, as I hear, muft die to-morrow. 
And I am going with inftruftion to Km ; 
So, grace go with you ! benedicite. [£af. 

Juliet, Muft die to-morrow ! * oh, injurious love, 
That refpites me a life, whofe very comfc^t 
Is flill a dying horror ! 

Frov. »Tispity of him. [Exeat, 


Changes to the Palace. 
Enter Angelo. 

v%.\T 7 HEN I would pray and think, I tU 
V V and pray 

To fev'ral fubjefts : heaven hath my empty words, 
^ Whilft my intention, hearing not my tongue, 
Anchors on IfabeL Heav*n*s in my mouth. 
As if I did but only chew its name ; 
And in my heart the ftrong and fwcUing evil 
Of my conception : the ftate, whereon I ftudied. 
Is like a good thing, being often read, 
7 Grown feared and tedious ; yea, my gravity. 
Wherein (let no man hear me) I take pride. 
Could I with boot change for an idle plume 
"Which the air beats for vain. Oh place ! oh form ! 

5 — ob, injuricus love^'\ Her execution was refpited oa ac- 
count of her pregnancy, the ttFtds of her love : thereroreffieaBi 
it injurious} not that it brought her to fliame, but thsc it fc»- 
dered her freeing herfclf from it. I.s not this all very Bicnnlt 
yet the Oxford Editor changes it to injurious h*w. 

6 Whifjl my intention, ] Nothing can be either plainer « 
exafler than this expreflion. But the old blundering Folio hanii{ 
it, invtntioHy this was enough for Mr. Theobald to prefer aatho- 
rity to fenfe. 

7 Grown feak*d and tedious il We fltouTd read sear'p: 
;'. e. old. So Sbakf/pear ufes, in tbe/tar, to {igmfy old ttff^ 


Meafure for Meafure. 

How ofte-n doft thou with thy cafe, thy habit. 
Wrench awe from fools, and tie the wifcr fouls 
To thy falfe feeming ? blood, thou art but blood : 
' Lct*3 write goo(J angel on the devil's horn; 
Tis not the devil's crcft^ 

Enttr Servant. 

I- low now, who's there? 

Serv, One Ifahel^ a fifter, defires accefs to yoiu 

Ang, Teach her the way. Oh hcav'ns ! 

hy does my blood thus niuJler to my heart. 
Making both That unable for itielf. 
And diipoflfeflmg all my other parts 
Of necellary firncis ? 

So play the foolj/h throngs witli one that fwoons ; 
Come all to help him, and fo llop the air 
By which he fhould revive : and even lb 
The gen'ral fubjetSs to a well-wiflit King 
X^uit dieir own part, and in obfequious fondnels 
'rowd to his prcfence, where their untaught love 

fuft needs appear offence. How now, lair m^d? 

S Let'*t ivn'te goed angil an M* devits Inrn ; 
*r/j nM the Levitt crtji. ] i. /. Let the moA wicked 
thing have but a virtuous pretence, and ic ftuill pfi far innocent. 
This waj bii concliifion frani his prececding wor(b» 

^—^ ^ff ferm ! 

Menu often iafi tbou vjilh thy ^aft^ tfy ba&it. 

Wrench a^ufiframf&&Is, ^JtJ tit th§^tjtrfruh 

Tq tfjffaife fetming ? ^-^ 
Eat the OM/nrd Edmr makes him conclude jull coanter to hii 
own premifea ; by altering it t«>» 

/// ««/ tht dibits trtft. 
So that, according co chh aUcration» the mfoning flands chus.^^ 
F^fe feeming wrenches aive from fooU^ and dcccivci tbc wife. 
ThercfbrCf Ltt us hm 'writt good angti on tin devifj term s 
( I. r. give bim the appearafice of an angd » ) and what ihen2 
LV Mi the dt^tts tnfi ^ ( i . t, he (hall be dleem'd a devil.) 


Cc 4 


jg^ Meafure for Meafure. 


Enter IfabcUa, 

Ifab. I am come to know your plcalurc. 
Ang, That you might know it, would much better 
pleafe me. 
Than to demand, what 'tis. Your brother caxmot live, 
Ifab^ Ev*n fo ? — Heaven keep your Honour ! 

Ang. Yet may he live a while ; and, it may be, 
As longji^ you or I ; yet he muft die. 

Ifab. Under your lentence ? 

Ang, Yea. 

If^. When, I befeech you ? that in his reprieve, 
Longer or fliorter, he may be fo fitted. 
That his foul fickcn not. 

Ang. Ha ? jie, thefe filthy vices ! 'twere as good 
To pardon him, that hath from nature ftoPn 
A m^n already made, as to remit 
Their fawcy fweemels, that do coin heav*n*s image 
In (lamps that are forbid : • 'tis all as eafie, 
Falfely to take away a life true made j 
As to put metal in reftr^ed means. 
To make a faife one, 

Ifab, 'Tis fet down fo in heav*n, but not in earth. 

Ang. And fay you fo ? then I fhall poze you 
^^hich had you rather, that the moftjuft law 
Now took your brother's life \ or, to redeem him, 

9 — — V/j alias eafie, ] Eafit is here put fw light or trifling. 
'Tis, fays he, as light or trifling a crime to do io, as To, He, 
Which the Oxford Editor not apprehending, has alterM it to jnjl I 
for \is much eafier to conceive what Sbakejpear flioald fay, than 
what he does fay. So juft before, the poet iaid, with his ufual 
Jicrncc, x.hc\r fa'wcy fwtetnefst for fwwcy iudulgenct of the op- 
t*tit$. And this, ^rfooth, muft be changed xo fepwcy le^wdnefit 
fhu* the epithet confines us, as it were, to uie poct^s word. 


Meafure for Meafure* 

Give up your body to fucJi fwcct undeannefi, 
As flie, that he hath ftain*d ? 

Ifab, Sir, believe this, 
I had rather give my body than my foul. 

Jng. I talk not of your Ibu] ; our compeird fins 
Stand more for number tlian accompt. 

Ifab. How fay you ? 

jing. Nay, I'll not warrant that ; for I can ipeak 
Agaijift: the tiling [ fay. Anfwer to this : 
I, now the voice of the recorded law, 
Pronounce a fentence on your brother*s life : 
Might there not be a charity in fin. 
To fave this brother's life ? 

If{ib. Pleafe you to do*r, 
ril take it as a peril to my foul, 
It is no Cm at all, but charity* 

Afig. Pleas'd you ro dD*t at peril of your Ibul, 
Were equal poize of fin and charity, 

Jfab. That I do beg his life, if it be fm, 
Heav'n, let me bear it ! you, granting my fuit. 
If that be Hn^ 1*11 make it my mom-pray'r 
To have it added to the faults of mine, 
And nothing of your anfwer, 

Ang* Nay, but hear me : 
Your lenfe purfucs not mine : either, you*rc ignorant \ 
Or feem fo, craftily i and that's not good. 

Ifab* Let me be ignorant, and in nothing good, 
But gradoufly to know I am no better. 

Ang. Thus wifdom wifhes to appear moft bright, 
When it doth tax itfelf : as thefe black masks. 
Proclaim an en-fhield beauty ten times louder. 
Than beauty could Jifplay'd, But mark me. 
To be received plain, I'll fpcak more grofs ; 
Your brother is to die. 

Ifah. So, 

kng. And his offence is fo, as it appears 
Accountant to the law upon chat pain, 



394 Meafure for Meafure. 

Ifab. True. 

Ang. Admit no other way to five his life. 
(As I fubfcribe not that, nor any other. 
But in the lofs of qiaeftionj that you his filler. 
Finding yourfelf dcfir'd of fuch a peribn, 
Whofc credit with the judgCy or own great {dace. 
Could fetch your brother from the manacles 
Of the all-holding kw ; and that chere were 
No earthly mean to fave him, but diat either 
You muft lay down the treafures of your body 
To this fuppos'd, or eUe to let liim iatkt i 
What would you do.? 

Ifaif. As much for my poor brother, as tnylclf : 
That is, were I under the terms of death, 
Th' imprelfion of keen whips Td wear as rubies. 
And ftrip myfelf to death, as to a bed 
That lon^g Tve been fick for, ere Td yield 
My body up to Ihamc. 

Jng. Then muft your brother die. 
Ifak, And 'twere the cheaper way ; 
Better it were, a brother dy*d at once ; 
Than that a fifter, by redeeming him. 
Should die for ever. 

Jng, Were not you then as cruel as the lenteoce. 
That you have flander'd fo ? 

JfaL As ignominious ranfom, and free patd<xi, 
Areoftwo houfes; lawflil mercy, fure. 
Is r.otliing kin to foul redemption. 

^Hg. You feem'd of late to make the law a tynffiti 
And rather prov'd the Aiding of your brother 
A merriment, than a vice. 

Ifab, Oh pardon me, my lord j it oft falls out. 
To have what we would have, we Ipeak not what wc 

mean : 
I fomething do cxcule the thing I hate. 
For his advantage that 1 dearly love. 

Meafure for Meafuri. 

Atg. \Ve a!rt all frait, 

Ifak ' Elfc !ct my brother dfe. 
If noc a fcodary, but only he. 
Owe, and faccecd by weakneis ! 

yhig* Nay, women are frail too. [firlvcs; 

10^ Ay, as the glaflb where they view chcm* 
Which ^rc as cafy broke, as they make forms* 
Women? help hcav'n ; men their creation mar. 
In profiting by them : nay, call us ten times frail > 
For we are foft as our complexions are, 
* And crcduloire to falfc prints. 

jhg. I think it well ; 
And from this teftimony of your own for, 
(Since I tlippofewe're made to be no ftrongcpj 
Than faults may fhakc our frames) let mc be bold s 
I do arreft your words : be That you arc. 
That is, a woman i if you*re more, you're BOne,- 
If you be one, as you arc well cxprcfe'd 
By all external warrants, Ihcw it now» 
By putting on the dcftia'd livery- 

Jfai, I have no tongue but one ; gentle, my lordj 
Let me intreat you, * fpeak the formal hnguage. 

jiftg. Plainly conceive, I love you, 
^1. My brother did love JulieS i 
And you tell me» that he (hall die for it. 

1 Ei/f hi mj hrothtr Mt^ 
Ifjt&t a fcudary , tut etily he, &c, ] Thii i) fo obfcarc, but tlit 
ftllufLon iQ fine, that it deferves to be cxplain'd. hfniAry was ftne* 
that in (he times of vaflMage held lands of the chief lord, under Um 
icnufc of paying rent and fervice : which tcniucf were caird//Bj!« 
amongll the Coshi. Now* fays Angtk^ *' wc arc all frail ; yci, re- 
** pUcs l/nbtiia \ ifaU mankind >i'ercnoty>0/<7r/»^ who owe whn 
** they arc to this tenure of imhtciUiryf and who fucceed etch other 
■' by the f?.met?niire^aswella$iny btother, 1 would give him up." 
The comparirig mankind, Jytng andcr the weight of original un« 
to a/Wff?7, who owes /uit and fir^ki to hi* lord, i*, I tbi^. 

fioc ill imagined 

1 And irrdniaus nfitift prints.^ i, g 

cake any Impredioa. 

fvbich he here ufei f&r plain, dircdl. 

Vol, L jb^. 

\gt Meafure fcr Meafure. 


Ang. He (hall not, Ifal^ely if you give mc love 

10, • 1 know, your virtue hath a licence in'" 
Which fccmsa little fouler than it is. 
To pluck on others, 

Ang, Believe me» on mine honour. 
My words exprcfs my purpofe, 

If^. Ha ! little honour to be much believ'd, 
And moft pernicious purpofc ! Teeming, Iccming! — 
I will proclaim thee, Angeb i look for'c ; 
Sign me a prefent pardon for my brother, 
Or, with an out-ftretch'd throat, Til tell the worL 
Aloud, what man thou art. 

Ang, Who will believe thee, Jfahelf 
My untbil'd name, th' auftcrencfs of my life, 
* My vouch againft you, and my place i*th' ftatc, 
"Will fb your accufation over- weigh. 
That you fhall * ftifle in your own rcprt» 
And fmell of calumny, I have begun ; 
And now I give my fenfual race the rein. 
Fit thy confcnt to my fliarp appetite, 
Lay by all nicecy, and prolixiotis blulhcs. 
That banifti what they fue for \ redeem ihy brother 
By yielding up thy body to my will : 
Or clfe he mult not only die the death. 
But thy unkindnefs fhaJl his death draw out 
To lingVing fufferancc, Anfwcr mc to-morrt)w \ 
Or by th* affcflion that now guides mc moft, 

* / kn^pmyatir ^irtut hath a licence /n'^ J Anoding co dtf fr 
Mnccsgrven by Jwiitiliers to their Spiw^ to go into ali fofpcAoi 
companies and join in the language of Maiecontent*. 

3 JJ^r' vouch e^ariBy7jfftt,] Tbt calling his dcniaj of her chwfe, 
his fe^tfi, hac fomeching fine. Fau^h is the ciriHmooy one m* 
bears for another. So iiia% by thia, he infinusra hw auttoftff 
was fo gr«t* diac hi* itnial w. ould have the fame cicdit ikii • 
^^kch or tcilimony has ia ordinary cafe*. 

4 flffi^ iny^urafmn rtpari^ 

And fmtli tf rtthmnfj] Metaphor taken fren a l«n 

Caodlc going out. 



Meafure for Meafure. 397 

% rU prove a tyrant to him. As for you, 

i Say what you can j my falfe o'crwcighs your true, 

Ifab. To whom (hould I complmn ? did I teU tliis. 

Who would believe me? O moft perilous mouths. 

That bear in them one and the felf-lame tongue, 
\ Either of condemnation or approof ; 
] Bidding the law make curtCe to their will 5 

Hooking both right and wrong to th* appetite. 

To follow, as it draws. TU to my brother. 
( Tho* he hath fall'n by prompture of the blood, 

Yet hath he in him fucn a mind of honour. 

That had he twenty heads to tender down 

On twenty bloody blocks, he'd yield them up ; 

Before his fifter fhould her body ftoop 

To fuch abhorred pollution. 

Then, Ifabel^ hvc, chafte; and, brother, die ; 

More than our brother is our chaftity. 

rU tell him yet ofJngdo's requcft; 

And fit his mind to death, for his foul's Reft. 



Enter Duke, Claudio, and Provoft. 


SO, then you hope of pardon from lord Atgeb? 
Claud. The miferable have no other mcSicine, 
But only Hope : I've hope to live, and am prepared 
to die. 
Duke. Be abfolute for death : or death, or life. 

Meafure for Meafure, 

Shall thereby be the fwceter. ' Realbn thus with 
< If 1 do lofe thee, I do lofe a thing, 

* That none but fools would reck ; a breath thou 

* Servile to all the skley influences, 

* That do this habitation, wliere thou kecp'Jt, 

* Hourly afflid j * mcerly thou art Death*s Foolj 

* For him thou labour'ft by thy flight to fhun, 

* And yet runn^ft toward him ftUl. * Thou art 


Rtofin thut ^xith U/ti 

If I da hfi ihitt I d9 hfe a fl/ftg. 
That mne hut faith *tmuU kctrp.] Bai thU rcidiag « 
only contrary to all fenfe and reaCoo \ but lo the drift of i£ui 
dilcourfe* Tiie ^uke^ In his aHAiniM chara^er ofa Frtmr^ M 
desivouring to indij into the condemned prifooer a rdigi 
mind to hh ffiitcfice; but the fenfe of the lines, in this 
a dired pcrfuafive to Svicrder 1 make no doubt, bat tk 

That none hut Foah 'would reck, 
f, r< care for, be anxious abou^ regret the toTs of. So ii 
Tragedy tti Tamrfd and Gi/mundat A&. 4. Sccn^ 3. 

■ AV that Jht It EC K 5 sbii Hf^ » 

And Shahfpear in 7hf T<txi) GentUmfM o/'V^rona^ 

Recking ai iiitU ^haf hrtidetir me — — 

2 mffrfy f/mt art Drath'a Fool ; 

Fffr him thou. Uhur'fl tv thy fight io Jhnm^ 

And yet runti'f ttnurd Um fi/l] In thofcold Firta< 

MORALiTf£s, the Fop/ of the piece, in order to Ihew tbei 
ble approaches of Death, i$ made to crnploy alf his llrai 
avoid him; which, as the matter is ordered* bring the At(i 
every turn, into his very jaws. So that the reprcfexiaiiois! 
thefc fcenes would a.fFord a greac deal of good mir//^ snd 
mixed together. And from fuch circfim£wces. in the gcutuiir 
our ancellora publick diverilons, I fuppofe it was, tha.1 thecil 
proverb arofe, of being mfrry ttnd ivift, 

3 ■ ■ Thou G rt net »e6/r ; 

Ftr itii if/ accommodatiffrSf thai ihsa i^ar"^, 
Are nuri^d i>j hafine/t : ] This emgmaticftl fcnterr- '• 
much in the manner ot our Amhar, is a fine proofof hiskr 
of human nature. The meaning of it being this, TIrr m:, 
tveut tt^hns have ajtifp motive, and ttfin th»ft ef thrr- 
4tppear wtof gtnirvvi, ara hut thi t/tort ttrfful difguije$ rfj*ij ^'•' 


Meafure far Meafsi 

For all til* accommodations, that thou bear*ft, 
Are nurs'd by bafenefs : thou'it by no means 

liant ; 
For thou doft fear the foft and tender fork 
Of a poor worm, * Thy bed of Reft is flecp» 
And that thou oft provolc*fl: \ yet grody fcar'ft 
I'hy death, which is no more. Thou'it not thy felf i 
For thou exift*ft on many a thouJand grains. 
That iffae out of dull. Happy thou art not ; 
For what thou haft not, ftill thou ftriv*ft eo get ; 
And what thou haft forget*ft. Thou art not certain ; 
For d\y complexion fhifts to ftrange cffe^s. 
After the moon. If thou art rich, thou'rt poor; 
For* like an afs, whofe back with ingots bows. 
Thou bear'ft thy heavy riches but a journey. 
And death unloadeth thee. Friend thou hall none j 
For thy own bowels, which do call thee Sire, 
The mecr effufion of thy proper loins. 
Do curfe the Gout^ Serpigo^ and the Rheum, 
For ending thee nofooner. * Thou haft nor youth, 

nor age % 



4 f/zy htfl tff ^efi it flrtp. 

And that tbM of I prs^V^k'fi i fff grojly f/ar-'Jl 

fhf tititth^ *wlid* if fn> «flr/.] EvJdendy from the following 

hgc af Ctcfr9 : Habet fimnum ima»imtm M^f'tii^ tavti^ue ^u9- 
l> intuit ^ (jf Juffitai fuin /tn/ut in m^rtr mulluijtt, run in fjmt 
JimuUtrit *^iitas gffe auflum fenj'um. Bui che Epicurriii inrinuaiion 
isr with great judgment, omictcd in the imitAtion, 

5 Th$u haft nsr putB^- nor ttg* t 

But ffi it *ivert an afttr dinner' t fietp, 
Drtaming on IfOth ', far all thv hhjfrd \aHth 
B^csmfi at ^f^fdf anJ deth beg thn ulms 

Of pa(jtiJ £//] The drift of this pciiod is to prove, that 
neither youth nor age can be fnid to be rc^ly enjoyed^ which. In 
pocticjl UngQJige. i*,—- //V hu'vr Kfithtr ycttth nsr e^i. By^ how 
is thta «»at]e out } That A^f is not cojoyal bcprovei, hy rrcapqra- 
!:Tt'rrrcT the infirmities of it» which deprive that period of life of all 
r pleafure. To prove that Youth is not enjoyed, he ofet 
s>orJ*a /V ail thy bhj^'d yQmti^ l4<^mtt at agiiy ami dsfl» 

4O0 Meafure for Meafure. 

* But as it were an afcer-dinner's flctp, 

* Drtammg on tx>ch ; for paU'd, thy blazed youth 

* Becomes affuaged, and doth beg the alms 

* Of paified Eld ; and when thou*rt old and rich, 

* Thou haft neither * heat, affection, Unnb, nor bountf 

* To make thy riches pJeafant. What's yet in dm, 
' That bears the name of life ? yet in tlus life 

* Lye hid more thoufand deaths ; yet death wc fear, 

* That makes thefe odds all even. 
Claud. I humbly thank you. 

To fue to live, I fijid, 1 leek to die ; 

And, feeking deadly find life : let it come on. 

Eiitcr Ifabella* 

Jfab, What, ho? peace hcie, grace and goodaxn- 

Prov. Who*s there? come in; the wifli defovcs 


^tf tht alms ef psffitd Eld. Out of which, be that eta 

the Gonctufii^nj hiu 3 bctccr k^^k ac logic ihan I bare. | fosMfe' 

the Poet wrote* 

* fir paltJ^ iby youth 

Buotnei ftjfuageii; And dvtk heg tht m/mi 
Of falficJ EUi 

/. f. when \\\y youthful appetite becomes palled, as it v^|| fcj _ 
the very enjoyment, the bljze of youth is at once a^tueed, «ai 
thou immctiiaiely contrafteft the inhrmiiies of old age j a«, fttfti- 

cularly, the palile aiid oilier nervous difordcrs^ confequnir*(^ »5c 
inordinate gie of fcnfu^l pleafurc This is to the purpr-'r ; 3 J 
proves Yauth is net enjoyed by Shewing the {hort dur^ 
The wordi of CfVfrtf, of which this ii an itnitation, cl:... 
<nicnd;itic>n. ^m* *i^tT9 atai knga fjif Aut quid ^mttimp 
ionium ? Naatti mM puirer, tned'j addtfienut^ in curfa 
in/rquins, uti opittantfi a^ifttta e/l /ine^Ms? 

^ heat, affalhn^ limh, nnr beauty] ^'jt how doei bc3 

ni,-jke rU-h^f pUaj.tnt ? "Wc fhould fcad bounty, which 
pJciti ihe fenfc, ^nd is thU; Thou h.ilHtither ihe plcafurc of w- 
jijving rlchcichy felf, for thou w.intcll viggur: nor of fecio« I'c 
ctjoyed hy otberi» for thou wanted hounty. Where the mtlcrM 
Ihc want c^ houjtt)f ai infeparaWtr fiom old age as the ivant d^m^ttf^ 
JACJttfcnKly fjtyricjl tho' not dtogc:hei- julL 


Meafure for Meajurt. 401 

Duke. Dear Sir, crcloftg I'll vifit you again. 
tUia. MdtholfSir, I thank you. 
Ifab. My Bufinefiisaword, or two, wAiQaudio. 
Frav. And very Wtkome. Look, Sigmor, hcre*s 

your ■fiftier. 
Duke* iPtc^Jofi^ a irord with you. 
Prov. As many as yoti pleaie. 
Duke, Bring them to ipcok^ where I may be coh« 
Yet hear them. [Exeunt Duke and ftovoft, 


Claud. Now, fitter, what's the comfort ? 
Jfab, W^y, as aU comforts arc ; moft good ip 
Lord Anffloy halting atfl^irs to heav*n. 
Intends you for his fwdt amibailador ; 
"Where you fhall be an everlafting Idger. 
Therefore your beft appcrintment make With ipeed^ 
To-morrow you ?ct on. 
Claud. Is there no remedy ? 
Ifab. Non<s but fuch remedy, as, to lave a head^ 
To cleave a heart in twain, 
Claud. But is there any? 
Ifab. Yes, brother, yOu may five : 
There is a deviliih mercy in the judge. 
If you'll implore it, that will free your life, 
[ but fetter you *till death. 
a Xiaud. Perpetual durance? 
■"- Ifab, Ay,jufti perpetual durances areftraint, 

Tho* all the world s vaftidity you had, 
a ^o a determined fcope. 

Claud, But in what nature ? 
: Jfab, In luch a one, as you, confendn^to't, 
' Would bark your honour from that trunk yod bear^ 
And leave you nadced. 

Vol. I. Dd C&kA 


402 Meafure for Meafure. 

Claude Let jne know the point. 

Jfab, *' Oh, I do fear thee, Claudioi and I qual 

Left thou a fcvVous life fhould'ft ertcertaia. 

And fix or fevea Winters more refbedt 
** Than a perpetual Honour, Dar'ft thou die? 
** The fcnfe of death is moft in ^pprehenAoni 
" And the poor Beetle, that we txad upon, 
** In oorp'ral fuffer^ce finds a pang as great, 
** As when a Giant dies. 

Claud. Why give you mc this fhamc ? 
Think you, I can a relbludon fetch 
From flowVy tendemefs? if I muft dic» 
I will encounter darknefs as a bride. 
And hug it in mine arms. 

Jffab. ** There fpakc my brother ; there my fidioV 
" Did utter fordi a voice* Yes, thou muft die 
Thou art too noble to conferve a life 
In bafe appliances. This outward-fainted Deputy," 
Whofe ferded vi&ge and deliberate word 
Nips youth i*th* head ; and follies doth emnicw. 
As faulcon doth the fowl ^ is yet a devil : 
His filth within being caft, he would appear 
A pond as deep as hell, 

Ciaud. -^ ThQ PncMy Jngelo? 

Ifah, Oh, 'Els the cunning livery of hell. 
The damned*ft body to invert and cover 
In Prieilly guards. Doft thou think, Ctaudioy 

7 The PKiwcELY Angclo> — j-atNCEtr gm*rrJu']'Vhti\- 
pid Editors miftaking guanit for facdliicSp (tivhrrcu it hcrt fij **" 
htt) altered krjes tly. in both pUca» to ruiMcvLy. v 
2,%Shah/pe^r v^rotc ic pjii£sTLYp at appears fram the 

*ih tiji fumaing Jtvery tf htU, 

T^i damntd'J} bfdy i9 tvvfjl and C9^er 

Wilk PBIESTI.Y guards. 

In theSrll place we fee x^Atguardi here fignifies Uct, ai r«ftrni| 
cp li'pijji and u having do knit in ihe itgnificatloa cfJsielUjm 

Meafure for Meafure. 403 

If I would yield bim my ^drg^tyy 
Thou might'ft be freed ? 

Qantd. Oh, heavens! it cannot be. 

Ifah. Yes, he would (a) gcvc thee for this rank 
So to offend 1dm itill. Thb n^ht's the dnie 
That I ffiould do what I abhor to name» 
Or clfc thou dy'ft to-morrow. 

Claud. Thou (halt not do*t. 

^itk. Oh, were it but my life, 
I'd throw it down for your deliveranoe 
As frankly as a pin. 

Gaud, Thanks, deareft Ifaiel, 

Ifab. Be ready, Qaudio^ for your death to-morrow« 

Qaud. Yes. Has he affedions in him. 
That thus can make him ' bite the law by th' noie^ 
When he would force it ? fure, it is no fin i 
Or of the deadly ieven it is the leaft. 

Ifab. Which is the leaft? 

Claud. If it were damnable, he bdnc io wife» 
Why would he for the momentary trii£ 
Be perdurably fin'd ? oh Ifabel! 

Ifab. What fays my brother? 

Claud. Death's a fearful thing. 

Ifab, And fhamed life a hatdU . 

Now pritftfy guards mfiuu fanSiH^ which \% the fenie required. 
Bnc/ri«r#^;»ar^/meuit nothing buc rich /«rf, which it a fcnft 
tlie paflage will not bear. Amgik^ indeed* as Deputy, mi^ht b« 
called xhitprinctiy Angeh: but not in this place, where the unmc- 
^flCcly preceding words of, Jhis $utward fiumttd Dtputf, demand 
eke tmiog 1 have here rcftored. 

8 I hite tbi law hy th^lfft. 

When be 'Would force itT ] i.r. inlbrce It. This it but a 
land of bear-garden phrafe, taken from the coftom of driving catdc^ 
and fecting a dog upon them to catch them by the nofe, and flop 
thean when they go aftray. 

[ (a) g'fve the$for tbh ramk •fftiM, Oxf. Edit—Valg. giw^f 
gkii i frtm this rank offintct."} 

Ddz CkMi, 

j^04 Meafure for Meafure. 

Claud. *■ Ay, but to die, and go we know 

where ; 
To lye in cold obftnjftion, and to rot % 
This lenfible warm motion to become 
A kneaded clod ; ' and the delighted ipirit 
To bathe in fiery floods, or to refide 
In thrilling regions of thick-ribb'd icc; 
To be imprifonM in the vicwlefe winds. 
And blown with reftlefs violence round about 
The pendant world j or to be worfe than w 
Of thofe, that lawlefs and incertain thoughts 
Imagine howling ; 'tis too horrible ! 
' The wearieft and moft loathed worldly life. 
That age, ach, penury, imprifonmcnt 
Can lay on nature, is a paradi^ 
To what we fear of death* 
ffak Alas! alas! 
Claud. Sweet filler, let me live 5 
What fin you do to (ave a brother's Bfc, 
Nature difpenfes with the deed fo far, 
That it becomes a virtue. 
Ifa, Oh, you beaft ! 

h, faidileis coward [ oh, diflioncft wretch! 
It thou be made a man, out of my vice ? 
Is*t not a kind of inceft, to take life 
From thine own fifter*s fhame? what fliould 
fieav*n g?:antj my mother plaid my father fair! 

I *- an^ iht delighted J^irit ] i. £, the fpirit t< 

liere to cafe and delight*. This was properly urged as 
fation to iht fhafpncfs of the torments fpflken of. The 
""iHfor noi apprehending iha, alteri it to diUttd. Ai 

teipincin the body \% iktd to be iiriprifon^d, it was crv^j^dtdmi 
frlikewifej and fo^ by dearh^ nm only fee free, but czinaR 
|oo j which, if true, wc^uld make it the \th JcnAbk of |«i£^ 
I ^ht ^iMtayhp^ &c.] See the infamous wiih of ALettmMj 
corded by Senem, lOi Ep, 

Qthiitm fatiit 

Drhiiem f^di^ coxa, Ac, 

Fits ditm /uptrtfi^ h*f efl^ kc. 

Meafure for Meafure. 405 

For fuch a warped flip of wildernds 
Ne'er ilTu'd fix>m his blood. Take my defiance, 
Die, periih \ might my only bending down 
Rcpriere thee irom thy fate, it fliould proceed, 
PU pray a thoufand prayers for thy death 5 
!No word to bctc thee. 

Claud. Nay, hear me, IfaheL 

Ifai. Oh, fie, fie, fie! 
Thy fin*s not acddental^ but a trade ; 
Mocy to thee would prove it felf a bawd ; 
'Tis bcft, that thou dy'ft quickly, 

Claud. Oh hear me, Ifaiella, 

To tbem^ Enter Duke and Provoft. 

Buke, Vouchiafe a word, young fifter ; but ona 

Ifab. What is your will? 

Duke. Might you dilpenfe with your leifure, I would 
by and by have fome ii3eech with you ; the fatiafafiiQa 
I would require, is likewiie your own benefit. 

Ifi^, I have no fuperfiuous Idfiire ; my ftay muft ' 
be ftolen out of other afimrs : but I v^ attend you a 

JMa. Son, I have over-heard what hath p^ be- 
tween you and your Sifter. Angelo had never the pur- 
pofe to corrupt her; only he hadi made an aflay of her 
▼irtue, to pra£tife his judgment ^th the difpofition of 
natures. She, haraig the truth of honour in her, hath 
JBade him that gradous denial, which he is moft g^ 
torecdve: I am Confefibr to .^^^ii?, and Iknowthit 
to be true 5 therefore prepare your felf to death. * Do 
mac Mifie your refoludon with hopes that are fallible ; 


2 Do not iatisfie your nfoluthn with bopts tbmt arefallihU \ ] 
A condemned many whom his confefibr had brought to bear 

D d 3 death 

40 6 Meafure far Meafure. 

to-morrow you muft diej go Co your knees, and 

Claud. Let me ask my fifter pardon % I am lb oa 
of love vnth Ufc^ that I will fue to be rid of it 

[Exit Claui 

Duh, Hold you dierc i farewd* Frevoft^ a wocd 
with you. 

ProD, What's your will, father? 

Buke. That now you arc come, you wifl be 
leave me a while with the maid : my mind pn 
with my habit, no lofs fhall touch her by my 

Pr^. In good time. \Exh Pmr. 

Tiuki. The hand, chat hath made you fair, bdi 
made you good \ the gCMDdnefs, that is cheap m be»nt 
makes beauty brief in goodnefs ; bur grace* being the 
foul of your complexion, fhall keep the body of itcrcr 
fair. The aflault, dut Angeio hath made on you, for- 
tune hath convey'd to my undcrftanding ; and but 
that frailty hath examples for his falltng, I fboold 
wonder at jingtlo: how will you do to content thas 
Subllitute, and to fave your brodier ? 

Ifah. I am now going to refolve him : I had rather 
my brother die by the law, than my fon fhould be un- 
lawfully born. But, oh, how much b the good Duke 
dccciv'd in Aniek ? if ever he return, and I can fpeak 

death wkh decttic:^ and rcfoUtifyD, beg»n anew to cntertun liapa 
of liTe. This occaftrrned the sdvke rn ihi^ words tbove. But h«V 
did theTc hopcB /d//^r his refolution } or «rh»t harm wat there » it 
they didf We mufl certainly read, D& mH v a i.%i^ im. y§Mr nhh^ 
ihn tufith h^pn that are fallible. And then it hcctviQ<« a iraloai 
ble sdmonition. For bope$of life, by drawinj: h^n: back ialo (kt 
wortd, would naturaJly dude or weaken the virtue ofthJt rt) — 
«/ijB, which was railed only on motives of religion. And rhi* 
cnnfeffor had reafon to warn him ai. The tcrm/ttffiJS^ a 
jrom fencing, and Signifies the pretending to aim a firokeia 
t» draw the adverfary off hit ]i;uaTd. So Fair/ax, 

• Hrw jfriier iff tuff tf"^ *«w ^r raLtcriCTH. 

Meafure for Meqfure. 

to him, I will open my Jips in vain, or difcover his 

Dtike. That fliall not be much amifs; yet as the 
matter now ftands, he wiJ! avoid your accufation; he 
made tryal of you only. Therefore fatten your ear 
on my advifings : to the love I have in doing good, a 
remedy prefents it felf. I do make my felf bdieve^ chat 
you may mod uprightly do a poor wronged lady a 
merited benefit j redeem your brother from the angiy ; 
law \ do no (tain to your own gracious perfbn ; and 
much pleafe the abfentDuke, if, perad venture, he fliall 
ever return to have hearing of this bufinefs. 

Ifab, Let me hear you fpeak farther ; I have ipint 
to do any thing, that appears not foul in the truth of 
my ^irit. 

Duke, Virtue is bold, and Goodnefs never fcarfuh ' 
liave you not heard fpcak of Mariana^ the fifter of 
fridirick^ the great foldier who milcarricd at fea? 

Jfab, I have heard of the lady, and good words 
went with her name. 

Duke. Her fhould this Angela have marryM ; was 
afiianc*d to her by oath, and the nuptial appointed : 
between which time of the conrra^, and limit of the 
Iblcmnity, her brother Frederick was wreckt at (ca, 
having in that pcrilh'd vefleJ the dowry of his filler* 
But mark, how heavily this befcl to the poor gentle- 
woman ; there fhe loft a noble and renowned brothcr» 
in his love toward her ever moft kind and natural } 
With him the portion and finew of her fortune, her 
marriage-dowry ; with both, her combinate hu^and, 
this wcU-fccming Angeh, 

Ifah. Can this be fo ? did Angek (o leave her ? 

Duke. Left her in tears, and dry'd not one of chem 
with his comfort ; fwallowM his vows whole, pretend' 
ing, in her, difcoveries of diflionour: in few, bcftow*d 
lier on Jicr own lamentation, which flie yet wears for 




4oS Meafure for MtaJuraM 

hisllikoi.4Qdhc, a marble to bar var%t ^ wafted 

tbcm, but relents not. 

Ifab. Wh^ a merit were it in dsmh to take 
poor maid from the world f what ccsrapckn ms 
life, that it will let this man live ! but how out of' 
asi Ifae avail ? 

Duke, It is a rupctire that yoo fnay eafily heal ; 
the cure of it not only laves your brother, but 
you from dishonour in dobg it. 

Jfah, Shew mc how, good father, 

hukf. This fore-nam'd maid hath yet in hcri 
continuance of her firft affectioa; his unjuft 
nefs, (that in all rcafon fbould have qucnclbcd herlon£' 
hath, like an impediment m the current, made k mot 
violent and unruly. Go you to Angeh^ anlwet teit* 
quiring with a plaufible obedience i agree with ii» de- 
mands to die point ; only refer your fcif to thiaadvifr^ 
rage : firfl, that your flay with him may not be kagi 
that the time may have all Ihadow and fUcncc ia %\ 
and the place anfwer to convenience* This king 
granted, in courfe now follows all; we fhall advilc 
this wronged maid to (lead up your appointment, go 
ia your place ; if the encounter acknowlcdgr it ra 
hereafter, it may compel him to her recompcocc ^ «d 
here by this is your brother laved, your Hdoout tB»- 
taintcd, the poor Mitriana aclvantagcd, and the comrupc 
Ejcputy fcaled. The maid will 1 frame, and make lit 
fo his attempt : if you think well to carry this as yoo 
may, the doublenefe of the benefit defends the dccdp 
from rqjToot What think you of it ? 

Jfab. The image of it gives me content already, 
and J I truft, it will grow to a raoft profpcftyus pcr- 

D^» It lies much in your holding upj haftc yoo 
fpcodUy to J^elo ; if for this night he ifttreac you to 
Kift bed, give him pronaife of faGs?a£bon. 1 will 


Meq/ure for Meafure. 409 

Andy to St. Luke^s ; there at the moated Grange re^ 
fides this dejeAed Mariana \ at that place call upcm 
xne, and d]4)atch ^th jingeby that it may be quickly. 

Ifab, I thank you for this comfort : fare you wdl, 
good father. [Exeunt feveral^. 


Changes to the Street. 

Re-enter Duke as a Friary Elbow, Clown, and^ Officers^ 

Eli. 1^ A y , if there be no remedy for it, but that 
iN you will needs buy and fell men azidwomea 
like beafts, we Ihall have all die world drink b'own and 
white ' baflard. 

I>uhe, Oh, heav'ns ! what ftufF is here ? 

Clown, ♦ *Twa* never merry world lince of two 
ufuries the menieft was put down, and the wofier al- 
lowed by ordcrof 1^.*** a furr'd gown to keep him 
warm, and fiirr^d with fox and lamb-skins too, to 
fignifie, that craft, being richer than innocency, flands 
for the lacing. 

EW\ Come your way. Sir: blefsyou, good father 

Duke, And you, good brother father 1 what offence 
hath this man made you, Sk i 

Eli, Marry, Sir, he hath offended the law ; and. 
Sir, we take him to be a Thief too. Sir ; for we have 

3 haftardX A kind of fweet wine then much In vogue. From 

the Italian, Bafiardo, 

4 *T'was ntnter merry ijiserld finct of t*wo ufurits the mirriejt 
moms put dowHf and the nuorfer allowed by order t/h^w. Afmrr d 
grwn^ Sec] Here a (acire on ufury turns abruptly to a Tatire on the 
perionoftheufurer, without any kind of preparation. We may 
be ajTurcd then, that a line or two* at leaft, have been loft. The 
fubjcA of which we may ealily difcover, a comparifon between the 
two uforen ; as, before, between the two ufories. So that for the 
future the paflTage (hould be read with aftcriiks tbos «<*« hy •rder 
rf law, « « « a furred gowm, Sec, 


lo Meafure for Mtafure. 

found upon him, Sir, a ftrangc pick-lock, w-hich 
have fenC to the Deputy. 

Duh. Fie, Sirrali^ a bawd, % wicked bawd ! 
The evil that thou caufeft to be done, 
That is thy means to Uve. Dofl thou but flunk. 
What 'tis to cram a maw, or doath a back, 
From fuch a filthy vice ? fay to thy lelf, 
Froni fheir abominable and beaftjy touches 
I dri: k, 1 cat, {a) array my fclf, and live. 
Canft thou believe thy living is a life. 
So Ibnkingiy depending ! go mend, mend, 

LUws. Indeed, it doth ftink in fome fort. Sir ; 
yet. Sir, I would prove ■ 

Duic. Nay, if the devil have giv'n ihce proofs fcr 
ThoTj wilt prove his. Take him to prifon, oiliceri 
Correftion and inftrudion muft both work. 
Ere this rude beaft wUl profit. 

Elk He muft before tlic Deputy, Sir ; he has pvta 
him waning; the Deputy cannot abide a w^ort* 
mafter -, if he be a whorc-monger, and comes before 
hitn, he were as good go a mile on his errand. 

Duke. That we were all, as fome would fccni w 
be, ^ 

Free from all faults, * as faults, from fceming, free! 

E N E 
Enter Lucio. 



E3. His neck will come to your wafle, a cord. Sir. 
Q$wn, I fpy comfort ; I cry, bail: here's a fipptjc- 
man, and a friend of mine. 

^ «/y^tf//j./^cfti fceming, yVrf /] /. f , as faalt< jire 

ruce of all conodiners or /ffmittg The firtl of ihcfc Jincs nkn 
the D^paif\ fanftfficd hypocuf^i tKc fecoia<l» co ihr CMvnS 
bfiiUly oceupaeion. But the Utrft 
IjW fff ihe rhime. 

[ (a) array raj ft If. Mr. BiJHop.^— Vulg. tf-wwy mj frffJ] 

in ,. Luch. 

part is thus ill cxpfcJM {or iW 


Meafure for Meafure. 411 

Jmm. How now^ noble Pmpgf what, at die 
wheels of Oefar? art thou led in triiunjph? what, is 
there none of * Pigmalien^s images, newly made wo- 
man, to be had now, for putting the hand in die 
pocket, and extrafUng it clutch'd i what reply? ha? 
what &y*tt thou to tMs tune, matter and method ? ' It's 
not down i'th' laft reign. Ha ? what lay'ft thou, tiot? 
is the world as it was, man ? which is the way ? is it 
iad and few words ? or how ? the trick of it? 

Duke. Still thus and thus ; ftill worfe ? 

Lucio, How doth my dear moriel, thy miftrefi? 
procures fhe ftill ? ha ? 

Clovm, Troth, Sr, fhe hath eaten up all her beef, 
and fhe is her felf in die tub. 

Lucio, Why, 'ds good ; it is the right of it ; it mufl 
be fb. Ever your frefh whore, and your powder'd 
bawd ; an unfhunn'd confcquence, it mufi be fb* Art 
going to prifon, Pompey? 

Qown, Yes, ^th. Sir. 

LmHo, Why, 'ds not amifs, Pmpey: &ewd : ' go»' 
lay, I fent thee thither for debt, Pmpey % or how«-« 

f,lb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd. 

ImcU. Well, then imprifon him } if imprifbnment 
be the due of a bawd, why, *tis his Right. Bawd is 
he, doubtlefs, and qf antiquity too ; bawd bom. Fare- 
wel» good Pomptft commend me to the prifon, 

6 PIgmalionV imagij, mvify mad» wmmx,] <*. #. come OOt 
cored from a {kliration. 

7 Is*T n^t drowh'd f*/^' up HA m ? ] This ftrange nonicafe 
ihoald be thus corre£led, It*s mt down Vtif Uft iieigii, u i. 
theie are fevericies unknown to the oldOuk^'i time, And this ia 
to the pQrpoTe. 

8 G», fay, Ifimt thn thither. FtrMtVomfCf f «rMv^] It 
iKoald be pointed thus, G«, fief^ I fint thti tiithr fir Mt, 
Fompey ; «r htvt *-T-t / . f . to hide the ignominj of thy cafe» 
fiy, I font thee to prifon for debt, or whatever other pretence 
thon fancieft better. The other hnmourons replies^ Far Itixg s 
k*wd. fir hting a hmtsi^ i. e. the true canfe ii the moft honoon* 
bit. This is in chancier. 

^ff^ Meafure for Meafure. 

Pon^\ you will turn good hiuiaaod now, Pompg\ 
you Will keep the houfe. 

Clown* I nope. Sir, your good Worftiip will be 

Luch, No, indeed, will I not, Pompey% k is not 
wear; I will pray, Pompef^ to encrcafc your boodage: 
if you cake it not patiently^ why, your mecrle k dbe 
more : adieu, trufty Pomp^. Bkfs you, Fria^. 

Duke. And you. 

Lucio, Does firfi^^^ paint ftill, Fompey? ha? 

Bit. Come your ways. Sir, come. 

Clown, You will not bail me then. Sir? 

iMcio* Then, Pcmpej^ Ror now. Whac newsabm^ 
trior ? what news ? 

SJb, Come your ways. Sir, come* 

iMtk. Go to kennel, Pompey^ go. 

[Exruni Elbow, Clown and Ofian, 



What rews, Friar^ of the Duke? 

Duke. I know none: can you tell me of ajiy ? 

Luch, Some iay, he is with the Emperor of 
other Some i he is in Rome: but where is he, 

Dnie. I know not where ; but wherc&ercr, I iriSi 
him wclL 

Luch. It was a mad fantailical tnck of him to ikal 
from the State, and ufurp the beggary he was ncvct 
bom to. Lord /fng^h dukes it well in his abfcna 
he puts TranJgreffion to't. 

Duke. He does well in*t. 

Ltuia* A little more lenity to Icacheiy would do 
harm in him ; Something toocrabbed that way, firiar. 

Duke, * It is too gentle a nee, and fevcrity m 
cure it. 

9 // isj9$ genera] a *ffV*,] ITie occafion of the cbfcrration • 
limC9'la/uig, Ibat w ouglic to be tnratcd .ujV^ a Uutt tm^rt < 



Meafure for Meafure. 

Lu^&. Yes, in good footh^ the vice is of a great 
kindred \ it is well ally*d ; but it is impofTible to cx- 
tirp it quite, Friar^ 'till eating and drinking be put 
Ao^ii, They fay, this Angelo was not made by man 
and woman after the downright way of creation j is tc 
true, think you ? 

Duke. How ftiould he be made then ? 

Lucie, Some report, aiea-maid ipawn'd him. Some, 
^hat he was got between two llock-fiflies. But it is 
certain, that when he makes water, his urine is con- 
geard ice ; that I know to be true : and he is a motion 
wngencrative, that's infaliible. 

Dkke, You are piealant. Sir, and ipeak apace. 

Ludo, Why, what a ruthlefs thing is this in him, 
for the rebellion of a cod-piece to take away the life of 
a man ? would the Duke, that is abfent, have done 
this? ere he would have hang'd a man for the getting 
a hundred baftards, he would have paid for the nurfing 
a thoufand. He had fbme feeling of the fport, he 
knew the fcrvice, and that inftrufted him ro mercy, 

Duke. I never heard the abtnc Duke much detcfted 
for women i he was not inclinM that way. 

Ludo. Oh, Sir, you are deceiv'd, 

Duke, *Tis not poflible. 

Luch, Who, not the Duke ? yes, your beggar of 
iifty i and his ufe was^ to put a ducket in her clack- 
difh ; the Duke had crotchets in him. He would be 
drunk too, that let me inform you. 

Duke, You do him wrong, furdy. 

Lucie. Sir, I was an inward of his : a fhy fellow was 
the Duke; and, I believe, I know the caufc of his 

9ttj i and bis anfwrer lolt is» — Thg ^hr u ofirtikt kiudni. No- 
thing can be more abfurd than ill thii. FroDi the occafion» ind 
the andvcr, therefore, it appears, that Sbaktfitar wiote, 

«r]\ich figntfytfit; both ittditigtnt andiv/// hrtd, Lueh humouToully 
uke» it in the Utter fcnfe, 




^^^ Meafure for Meafure. 

Duh. What, pr'ychee, might be the caufc ? 

LMdo» No : pardon : 'tt* a fccret muft be 
within the teeth and the lips; but this I can let 
underftand, the greater file of the fubjeft held 
Duke to be wife. 

Duke. Wife ? why, no queftion, but he was, 

Lucio. A very fuperficialj ignorant, unweighii^ 

Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or mi 
the very ftream of his tfe, and the bufinefs he 
helmed, mufl:, upon a warranted Need, ^ve him i 
better proclamation. Let him be but tcftimonied ia 
his own bringings forth, and he ftiall appear to tit 
envious, a fcholar, a ftarefman^ and a fbldier. Tho^ 
fore, you fpeak unskilfully; or if your knowledge be 
reiore^ it is much darken'd in your malice 

Lu€w, Sir, I know him, and I love him, 

Duke. Love talks with better knowledge^ and \jo^ 
ledge with dearer love. 

Lucio, Come, Sir, I know what I know* 

Duke, I can hardly believe that, fince you know oot 
what you fpeak. But if ever the duke return, as our 
prayers are he may, let me defire you to make ycur 
anfwer before him ; if it be honeft you have Ipoke, 
you liave courage to maintain it ; I am bound to 
upon you, and, I pray you, your name? 

Lucio, Sir, my name is Lucio^ well known to 

Duh. He (hall know you better, Sir, if I nxay Dw 
to report you. 

Ludo. I fear you nor. 

Duke, O, you hope, the duke wiJl return no mo 
or you imagine me too unhurrful an oppolite \ b 
indeed, I can do you little harm : you'll forfwcar 
again ? 

Lucio, I'll be hang'd firft: thou art deceived in 
FHar. But no more of this. Caaft thou cell, 
Claudic die to-morrow, or no ? 


Meafure for Meafure. 

Duki. Why (hould he die, Sir? 

Lucio, Why ? lor iiUing a bocde with a tun-difh : I 
would, the duke, wc talk of, were returned ag^; 
this ungenitur'd agent will unpeople the province with 
continency- Sparrows muft not build in his houJc- 
cavcs, bccaufe they arc leacherous. The duke yet 
would have dark deeds darkly anlWcred; he would 
never bring them to light j would he were retum'd! 
Marry, this ClmMo is condemned for untrufling, Farc- 
wel, good Friar 5 1 pry'thee, pray for me ; the duke, 
I fay to thee again» would eat mutton on Fridays, 
Hc*s not paft it yet i and I fay to thee, he would 
mouth with a beggar, tho' fhe fmelt of brown bread 
and garlick ; fay, that I faid fo, fareweJ, [EkH* 

Duke. No might nor greatnefs in mortality 
Can ceofure fcape ; back-wounding calumny 
The whiteft virtue ftrikes. What king fo ftrong. 
Can tic the gaD up in the flandVous tongue? 
But who comes here? 




Enter Efcalus, Provoft, Bawd^ and O^cerSs 

Efcal Go, away with her to prifon. 

Bawd. Good my lord^ be good to me ; your Ho- 
nour is accounted a merciful man: good my lord. 

EfcaL Double and treble admonition, and ftill for- 
feit in the lame kind ? this would make * mercy fwcrvc, 
and play the tyrant. 

Pfgv. a bawd of eleven years continuance, may it 
pleafc your Honour, 

Bawd. My lord, this is one LucioH information 
againft me : miftrefi Kate Keep-down was with child 
by liim in the duke's time j he promised her marriage \ 

\ mtrrf iwrAft] We ihou'd read cwekvk, i, r ^er?«u 
f/om her n^ittite* The common reading give) a» di« idea of « 

ria ■ 



Meafure for Meafure. 

his child Is a year and a quarter old, come Philrp and 
Jacob: I have kept it myfcif j and fee, how he goes 
about to abufe Tnc« 

EfcaL Thh frllow is a fellow of much licence ; 
him be call'd before us. Away with her to pnibn^ 
go to s no more words. [^Exeunt 'xith IfA^ Bawd J Pn- 
«oj8, my brother Angeh wil! not be s!eer*d ; ClattJrd 
muft die to-morrow : let him be fumifli'd with divines, 
and have all charitable preparation* If my brother 
wrought by my pity, it Ihould not be fo wi^ him. 

Fr&. Sopleafc you* this B-kr has been with hinij 
and ad vis* d him lor the entertainment of death. 

Efial Good even, good father. 

Duk^. Blifs and goodiid's on you ! 

EfiaL Of whence are you ? 

Duke. Not of this country, tho* my chance is BO* 
To ule it for my rime : I am a brother 
Of gracious order, late come from die Set 
In fpecial bufinefs from his holinefs, 

EfiaL What news abroad t*th' world ? 

Duie. None, but that there is fo great a fever on 
goodnels, that the diflblurion of it muft cure it. No- 
velty is only in requeft ; and it is as dangerous lo he 
aged in any kind of courfe, as it is virtuous to becon- 
ftant in any undertaking. There is fcarcc truth enoi 
aiive, to make fociecies fccure ; but ftcurity enoi 
to make fellowfhips acairfl:. Much upon this ridt 
runs the wifdom of the workl ; this news is old cnouj 
yet it is every day*s news. I pray you, Sir> of 
difpofition was the duke ? 

EfiaL One, that, above all other ftrifcs. 
Contended fpecially to know himfelf. 

D^kr, What plcafure was he giv'n to? 

EfiaL Kather rejoicing to fee another merry, 
merry at any thing which profcft to make him rejoi 
A gentleman of all temperance. Bur leave wc ram 
his events, with a prayer they may prove prolp 


Meafure for Meafure. 

mc dcfire to know, how you find Claudio pre- 
I am made to underftand, that you have lenc 
jl^. He profcfles to have received no finifter 
re from his judge, but moft willingly humblca 
f to the determination of judice; yet had he 
i to himlelf, by the inftruftion of his frailty, 
deceiving promifes of life ; which I by my good 
have dilcrcdited to funii and now is he refoIv*d 

}al. You have paid the heav'ns your function, 
he prifoner the very debt of your caliing. I have 
r'd for the poor gentleman, to the extremcft 

tpf my modefty j but my brother Juftice have I 
fo fcvcrc, chat he hach forc'd me to tell him, 
indeed juftice. 

)ie. If his own life anfwer the ftraitnels of his pro- 
^, it fhall become him well ; wherein if he 
{C to fail) he hath fcntenc'd himlelf, 
W. I am going to vifit the prifoner; fare you 



e. Peace be with you ! 
vho the fword of heav'n will bear, 

be as holy as fcvcrc: 
n in himfclf to know, 
to ftand, and virtue goj 
nor lefs to others payings 
by felf-offences weighing, 
\ to him, whofe cruel ftriking 
"or faults of his own liking! 

treble fhame on Angeto^ 
eed my vice, and let his grow! 
may man within him hide, 
I on the ourward fide ! 
I. E c * How 



41 i> Meagre far Meafure* 

* Hov may that likenefs, made in crimes^ 

M^ng practice on the times. 

Draw wim idle fpidcrs' ftrin^ 

Moft pond'rous and fubftanml dungs I 

Cmft agajnft vice I muft apply. 

With /higch to night (hall lye 

Hi* old &trothcd, but defpisM » 

So diiguife (hall by th' difguii'd 

Pay with falfhood falfe exacting % 

And perform an old contratfting. 

2 Hnv tmtf iikintp madt /# trimei^ 
M^hn^ ^raaiif »n tht iimfJ, 
To Jrav/ 'with idU fpidtrt* ftrinpt 
Mn^ p«itdrtui and /uhfiaHtimt thimgi^ Tbos a|lt|u 
ijcMis rod coriu pil^ : and fo have made an obfcar* poflj^ A i 
quite unintelligible. Shak/f^tar ^vroce U t)vu>. 

Hirw ma<f THAT tihntfi, madt im crimtu 
' Maiing pra^Uf of the timiM, 

Orano ^^- 

The Tenfe is cKij, How mucK wjckcdnefs nuf 8 nubhide 
thp' he Appear an ^gel without. How may i^f liJt^tfi « 
inerimis, i.e. by Hypocrify; [a pretty pii^wlcocical 
^ttangi/ made in (rimei\ by tnipoGng upon the world 

^ie And M>lc prctrncei\y caWtd /pidm JiriBg$\ the 
pondrnus attd fiibtUnEial matters of che worldi u. Bi^t|C$, H.<t^9^t 
Power, K«patation» l^^. 

A C 

Meafure for Meafure. 




Efstir Mariana* and Boy^n^ing. 


* f I ^JKE^ ah, take thoft lips a^ay^ 
I * ^hat fofwetdy wertf&rjw&m ; 

* And thofe eyes^ the break q/ day^ 
* Lights that do mif-kad the morn \ 

* But my kijfes tring agasn^ 

* Seals of^Cy hit fiat' din vain, 

Enfir Duke. 

Mart. Break ofF thy fong, and hafte chee quick 
away : 

Here comes a man of comfort, whofe advice 

Hath often ftiird my brawling difcontent. 

I cry you mercy* Sir, and welJ could wiOi, 

You had not found me here fo mufical : 

Let me excufe me, and believe me fo. 

My mirth is much difpleas'd, but picas'd my woe, 

Duke* 'Tis good ; tho* mufick oft hath fuch a charm 
To make bad, good j and good provoke co harm* 
I pray you, tcJI me, hath any body enquired Cor me 

] Takr^ «^, tske^ 3cc ] Tfah h paxt of a licde fanoct of SiiMh* 
fpfar*^ own '^riEtng, confUliflg of two SeanCfu, and fq exir«nieJ/ 
ivvrer, th:i: the r<«4er won*c be difplearcti co Kavo the otkcr. 

jWiVr, eAk A*Vf thoff huh ^y»#w, 
Whtch thy /ra^en h^fom htGrs, 
Oil *wh^fi topfy the pinh, that grcvf. 
Art of fh<ffe that April *n.'fart^ 
Bki my poor htari firfl fetfrt^t 

E C 2 




Meafure for Meajure. 

here to day ? much upon this time, have I pi 
here to meet. 

Mori. You have not been cnqirir'd after ; I br 
(kte hcrrc all day. 

Enter Ilabel, 

Duke. I do conflantly believe you : the tuncisi 
even now* 1 Jhall crave your forbearance a 
may be, I will call upon you anon for fome advantage 
to your feir 

Mari. 1 am always bound to you, [EjbH 



Duke. Very well met, and welcome : 
What is the news from this good deputy ? 

Ifab. He hath a garden circummur'd with bfick, 
Whofe weftem fide is with a vineyard backt j 
And to that vineyard is a planchcd gate. 
That makts his opening with this bigger key : 
This other doth command a little door, 
"Which from the vineyard to the garden leads ; 
There, on the heavy middle of the nighty 
Have I my promife made to call upon him* 

Duke, But ihall you on your knowledge find 
way ? 

Ifab, Pve ta'en a due and wary note upon'r-. 
With whifp'ring and moft gudty dUigcnce, 
* In aftion all of precept, he did fhcw mc 
The way twice o'er. 

Duke. Arc there no other tokens 
Between you 'greed, concerning her obfervance 

Ifab. No : none, but only a repair i'th' dark \ 
And that I have poflcft him, my moft ftay 

% /« aSipn ^U cfprttept, ) i. e. {hewing iki« Urv^- 

CDrniiig^ of the wa)^ with hii IiumI ; wKich a^on cooniocd (a 
B»an) precepts^ hcwg givtn for my dUcdion. 

Meafure for Meafure. 

Can be but brief; for I have made him know, 
J have a fcrvant comts with me along, 
That ftays upon me 5 whole perfuafion is, 
1 come about my brother. 

Duke, 'Tis well born up. 
I have not yet made known to Mariana 
A word of this. What, hoa ! within! come forth ! 




Enter Mariana. 

pray you, be acquainted with this maid ; 
She comes to do you good. 
Ifab. I do defirc the like* 

Duke. Do you perfuade yourielf chat I refpeft you ? 
Mi^i, Good Friar^ I know you do j and 1 have 

found it. 
Duke, Take then this your companion by the hand^ 
Who hath a ftory ready for your ear; 
I fhaU attend your kifure ; but make hafte j 
The vaporous night approaches, 
Man, Wilt plcafe you walk afide? 

[Exeunt Mar, and Ifab. 
Dukt, ^ ' O place and greatnels I millions of falie 
* Are ftuck upon thee : volumes of report 

3 O plaif and greatit€fi* &C ] It plainly appears rhac ihit 
£ac ipecch belongs to that wtiidi coQclydet the prccrding Scene, 
lictvywo the Duki and Utit*. Fur they arc abfolutdy fjrcigft to 
the fubleflor this^ smd ar« the natural rcReftions ariAng from 
ihac, BtfidcSf the very words, Runnviib raEst/aJ/k and mtjl 
tontrarioks qutjix, evidently refer Co Liicia*i fcandaU juft preccd* 
ing : which the Oxf»rJ EJitvr^ in his ul'yal way, ha* emended, 
by altering tht/t ro thrsr.-^ But th^t ibme time mtgfat be given 
10 ihe two wiamen to confer together^ ihe players^ I fuppofe, look 
pift of the fpeech, begmning at Ne might nor grtatne/tf &C. 
and put it here, without tfoubting tbemfelves about its pertinency. 
However, wc are obliged to them fox not giving us ibeir own 
kQpvrtinciicy^ a» they have freciuentiy done 111 other places. 

E c 3 ■ Run 


^2 3 h^ajure for MfiofurB: 

< Run ^Koth thefefaUe aodiOQ^ contrarioas qUoSs 

< Upon thy doings : thouland 'ic^KS of wic 
^ Make thee the father of tb^ idle dreams, 
K And radc thee in their bs^^\ wdoooK} iM 

agreed ? 

S C E N e IV. 

Re-enter Mariana, and Ifkbd. 

Jfab. SheMl take the cntetpnze upon her, fidser. 
If you advife it. 

Duke, *Tisiiot my opnfcot^ 
But my intreaty too. 

Ifab. Little have you to lay. 
When you depart from him, but Ibft 9nd low, 
•« Rmember now mj brother. 

Mori, f^ear me not 

Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not «t<D: 
He is your husband on a pre-contraft ; 
To bring you thus together, -as no fin ; 
Sith that the juftice of your title to him 
♦ Doth flourifh the deceit. Come, let us go ; 
Our com*s to reap j * for yet our tilth's to fow, 

4 Doth flourifh the deceit. ] A metaphor taken Irom embroi- 
dery^ where a coarfe ground is Ailed up and covered with %uA 
of rich materials and elegant workmnnfhip. 

% fvr yet our ttthe's to finu.'\ As before, the bino- 

dering Editors had made a prinee of the prieflif Angth^ fe hoe 
they have made a /r>>/ of the prince. We ftiould read tiltv, 
/. A our tillage is yet to make. The grain, from wkicli «c 
Cjcpe^ our harveft, is not yet put into the ground. 


Meafure for Mtafuri. 


Qjanges to the Prifon. 
Enter Ptofvofl: and Clown. 


Prev, rf^^ O M E hither, firrah : can you cut off i 

\^ man*s head ? 

Qown, If the man be a batchelor. Sir, I can : but if 
he be a marry'd man, he b his wife's head, and I can 
never cut oflFa woman's head, 

Prov, Come, Sir, leave me your fnatches, and yield 
me a dircft anfwcr. To morrow morning are to die 
Ctnudio and Bernardsse: here is in our prifon & com- 
mon executioner, who in his office lacks a helper ^ if 
you will take it on you to aflift him, it Ihall redeem 
you from your gyves : if not, you IhalJ have your 
full rime oif imprifonmcnt, and your deliverance with 
an unpiticd whipfnng ; for you have been a notorious 

down. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time 
out of mind, but yet 1 will be content ro be a lawfiil 
hangman i I would be glad to receive Ibme inftruftion 
from my fellow-parincr* 

Prov. What boa, Abhorfon f wherc's j&b&r/on^ 

Enter Abhorfon, 

jfkb^. Do you cal], Sir ? 

Pr&v. Sirrah* here's a feDow will help you to mor- 
^w in your execution j if you think it meet, compound 
with him by the year, and let him abide here with you ^ 
if not, ufe him for the prefent, and difinifs him. He 
cannot ptead hh eftimation tnth you, he hath been a 

E e 4 


Meafure for Meafure. 

Abhor. A bawd, Sir ? fie upon liim, he "wiU *Jit 
credit our miftery, * 

Prov. Go CO, Sir, you weigh equally ; a firada 

will turn the fcale. 


♦ ♦ # « 

Clcwn. Pray, Sir, by your good favour ^ 
ly. Sir, a good favour you have, but that you havti 
hanging look ; ) do you call, Str» your occupadoa i 
miftery ? 

Abhor, Ay, Sir ; a miftery. 

Clm)n. Painting, Sir, 1 have heard (ay, is a miffc- 
ry ; and your whores, Sir, being members of my oc- 
cupation, ufing painting, do prove my occupation a 
inilery : but ^ what miftery tliere ihould be m hang- 
ing, if 1 Ihould be hang'd, I cannot imagine, 

Chwn. Sir, it is a rniHery* 

Abhor. Proof. 

Clown. Every true man's apparel fits your rhief If 
it be tfjo Uttle for your thief, your true man thinks it 
big enough. If it be too big for your thicl» youfthirf 
thinks it little enough ^ fo every true man's appni 
fits your thief. 


6 ^iifcridit 6ur myfejf.] I (Kink It juft worth while to oM^t«<i 
iKat the word myfiery* when ufed to fiynify a trade or u 
fcfllon, (hould be f|MrU with aa i, %nd not a r ; bccaut 
not from the Grctk Mur>/-/, but from ;he French, Mffittr 

7 *what myj}fry thtrt pyQtttd hi m hanging, if I Jh^wti A# ^>*^i% 
i zaftHot ifftagim. 

Ahhor. 5*V, tt if a myjliry. 

CICivn, Frmf.' — — — 

Abhor. Bn/wf^ '*''•' mans appartl jift J^ltr ihitf. 

Clown. If it ht too li tilt for y^ur thitf, yaur trmf «•«» thith 
hig enough : if it h /e# big f^r yottr thitf, ywr thitf thimitt 
Sittir ttttu^h : to f^'Cry truf ma'i't a^parft ftt your tinff \ Th 
it Jl(Xid in aj] ihe editions i\\\ Mr. 1hcohalX><, and Mas mellkifii 
noE yttti dilEcuU to be andcrltood. Tbc pl:uA xad humovrtxii 
{enrc of ihe fpeech is this. Every tfuc ijianS arf»irel wbi( 
Uic thrcf fobbs him of» ms the thi 'f. Why * titcaufr if h ' 
TOO litrle for the thief, the iroe man chinks it bigenouch l i. /. 
purchkK roc gooil for him io liiiil ihi* fit? the tliicf in ibe o 
Aiou ii{ the Cfue in^n. tjut \\ ;; tfc loc big for the thtcl, /ft tl 


Meafure for Meafure. 


Prov. Are 




Clown. Sir, 1 will ferve htm : for I do find, your 
hangman is a more penitent trade than your bawd \ he 
doth ofcner ask foi^ivtncls. 

Prov. You, firrah, provide your block and your 
ax to morrow, four o* clock. 

Abhor, Comeon^ bawd, I will inflrufl thee in my 
trade ; follow. 

thief thitiki it little ctioogh ; *. t ofvalue li(tle enoughs So th« 
this flc? titc thief in Kis own opiuidn, Wlicre wc Jec that Ibc 
pica fsn try of^ (he j'jlcc con fills in ihc ec]uivoci) renfeof ^;^ tmugb 
Bnd iittU fh^uih. Vet Mr. ^hi^hald i\^^^ he can fee tio fcniJE 
iuailiii)^^ dnd ihercri^trealtcji the whole: thu;^,'— Abhor. Ei^fry 
Hrvt man* J a^partl fji y^ur thhf, CJuwA. If it bt f9« /iu/t/ar 
ycur ttur rntttt, your ti'it/ ihitrAi it l^ig ti^ouih ; if it h too iftg 

far pur true tnan^ ycur thlrf tfjitiiii rf littU fneu^h- And for 

hjs altfratton gives thh extraordinary rcaron. I am fniUfci 

t9£ p9tt inttnitd a rrguLr fylhgifji) ; and I fubmit it to judg' 
mtm^ 'i^d'tiher my rfgul^tlsfr has net rtp&rd that nvit and k-u^ 

mtur ii'brc6 ^vtu omJu hji in tht Jeprn'Vtiiian Cut iJic pl^c 

if ciirrtipt, rho* Mr ^htaha id coM w^i And it out. Let us cun* 
fader it it !itdc. The Hffn^tnan calls hia trade a uiifl ery ; ihit 
Cleixn t;an;iot Conceive lU 1 he Hangman ondcrtuki;^ to prove ii 
in Thefe wofdsp Eitery true tttan'i appttttf^ Sec. but this pravet 
ihe thtrft trade a tniltery, tiut the hangmnn'i,. Hence It Appcairi 
that thefpeech, ia which ihe hanpnan proved his tradea miltery, 
lA M. The very ward» it U impofiible to retiit:ve, but one nuy 
t-Ji\y underUand what medium he employed in proving it: wiiK- 
Dur doubt the very Gmc the iicwa em^iloyed to prove tbe ihiePf 
(fa«ica raiilcry * namely^ that all fprt ^f ihtbes fitted the haxgma^. 
The C/s^un^ on hearing this arj;umeni, repliedi I fuppore^ to ihti 
cffcfl: ff'^hvt by tht fame kind iff rtafiittttg, I tan prcu* the 
ifftifj tradt iod 16 If a misery. The orhcf a?ki how, and the 
C/v^tt goes on as .tbovct E^try true mufi^t afpartfffjjour tliffi 
if ft ht i&fi little^ &c. l^hc jocular ConchuiOTi ffi*in ihe whule 
U-ing an itiftnuitidn thnt thief and iiAngmaw were rgue* alike. 
This cooj<£luregivesa fpiricaud iniegrity to the diAlogoe^ which, 
in ill prclcfit mangled condition, i^ aUogeiher vaunting: and ihcwi 
wliy tlic argument of /o'l'r^ frut man*i appaTti^ Saz^ wax in all Chc 
editions given to the Cia*wH, to whom indeed it bctc^ng>; and 
Jikewifc thai the prtfeot reading of that argument ii the true. 
The l«li fpecchei c^mc in a: the place mark^ hy the aftEriski, 

2 6 MeafuTi for MeafurB. 

Clomn. I do defirc to Icam, Sir ; and I hope, 
you have occafion to tife me for your own turn, 
fhal! find me {a) yare : for, truly, Sir, for your i 
jicls I owe you a good turn. (. 

Pt^v. Call lutSer BamiirJifte^ and CImidw : 
One has my pity ; not a jot the other, 
£ciag a murthVerp tho* he were my brochtr. 

E N 

Enter Claudia. 


"Look, here's the warrant, ClaudiOy for thy death ; 
'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to moiTOw 
Thou muft be made immortal. Where's Bamardimf 

Claud. As faft lock'd up in flecp^ asguiltlds 
When It lyes ftarkly in the cravellcr's bones : 
He'll not awake. 

Prov^ Who can do good on him ? 
Weil, go, prepare your fetf. \^Exit Claud.] But, hark, 
wha: iiolfe ? [Kncck wiiha, 

Hcav*n give your fptrits comfort ! - — - by and by i -^ 
I hope it js fume pardon, or aprieve. 
For the moft gentle Claudia, Welcome, father. 

Emtr Duke. 

Duke. Thebeftand wholcfom'ft fpirits of thenigfct 
Inveilop you^ good Proveft f who call'd here of liitti 

Prov. None, fince the curphcw rung, 

Duke, Not Ifabel? 

Prev, No, 

Duke. They will then, ere*t be long, 

Pr^, What comfort is for ClauSo? 

Diiic, There is fome in hope. 

Prov, h is a letter deputy. 

Dutf^ Not fb, not fo ; his life is paralld-d 
£v'n with the (troak and line of Jus great jultice 

[(«) yarr: dir oH bocks* — Vulg* ymn,] 

Meafure for Meafure. 427] 

He doth with holy abftinence fubdue 

That in himfclf, which he fpurs on his powV 

To qualifie in others. Were he ^ meal*d 

With that, wliich he corrcds, then were he tyrannous ^ 

But this being ib, he"s juft. Now they are come. 

\¥MQck agmn. Provoft g^s 4iui* 
This is a gentle Provcfi \ feidom^ whm 
The (tcelcd goaler is the friend of men. 
How now ? whatnoife ? dut fpiric's ponfcfl: with halle. 
That wounds th' um'diJ.T;iiig poftern with thefe ftrokcs, 

[Prov<^ rgturtfs^ 
Prov. There he muft Ilay» until the officer 
Arife to let him in ; he is call'd up. 

Duke, Have you no cotmterraand for Claudio yet. 
But he muft die to morrow ? 
Pr&v. None, Sir, none. 
Duki, Afi near the dawning, Prewjl^ as it is^ 
You Ihall hear more ere morning, 

Prov. Happily, 
You fomcthing know; yet, I believe^ there comes 
No countermand ; no fuch example have wc: 
Bcfidcs, upon the very fiege ofjufticc. 
Lord ^ngek hach to the publick car 
frofcft the contrary. 

Enter a Mefftngtr* 

Duke, Tlufl is hb lordihjp's man, 

PrGV. And here comes Claudio ^ pardon. 

Meff. My lord hath fcnt you this note, and by me 
this further charge, that you fwerve not from the 
finalleft article of it, neither in time, matter, or other 
circumftance. Good morrow j for as I take it, it is 
silmoit day. 

Prcv. I fhall obey iiim. [Exit Mefenger. 


8 Meafure for Meafure. 

Duke, This is his pardon, purchas'd by fuch fin> 
For which thepardoncr himfelf is in : 
Hence hath offence his qtiick celerity* 
When ic is borne in higli authority ; 
When vice makes mercy, mercy's (b extended. 
That, for the fault's love, is th' offender friended. 
Kow, Sir, what news? 

Prov. I told you : lord Angela^ be-Rke, thinking 
me remils in mine ofRce, awakens me with this t«K 
wonted putting on; methinks, ftrangely j for he hath 
not usM it before, 

Duke, Pray you» let's hear. 

Provoft reads the Utter. 

Whatfaever you m^* bear to the contrary^ let Claudio 
ie executed iy four of the clocks and in she afta^o$t 
Barnardinc: for my better fatisfa^liony let me h^itt 
Qaudio'j head fcnt mi by five. Let this be Jufy per* 
forni'dy with a thQUght that more depends on it tbemm 
mujl yet deliver, Thus fail not to do your office^ at ym 
will artfwer it at your peril. 


What fay you to this, Sir ? 

Duke. What is that Bdrnardine^ who is co be czc 
cutcd in the afternoon ? 

Prov, A Bohemian born \ but here nurft up aod 
bred \ one, that is a prifoner nine years old- 

Duke. How came itj that the abfent Duke had noc 
citho" dclivcr'd him to \m hberty, or executed him J 
I Jiave heard, it was ever his manner to do lb. 

Prov, His friends iVill wrought reprieves for him, 
and, indeed^ hi.s fodt, *iill now in the government ol 
lord Aftgela^ came not to an undoubtful proof. 

Duke. Is it now apparent ? 

Prov, Mod manifeil^, and not dcnyM by himfelf! 

Duie, Hath he born hitnlelf penitent in pnfon ? 
Jiow feems he to be touch'd i 


Miafure for Meafure. 

Prav. A man that apprehends death no more dread- 
fully, buc as a drunken fleep i carelefs, reckjefs, and 
fearkfs of what's part, prefcnt, or to conic ; infcnriblc 
of mortality^ and defperatdy inorlal. 

Dukt, He wants advice, 

Prov. He will hear none j he hath evermore had 
the liberty of the prilbn : give him leave to eicapc 
hence^ he would not ; drunk many times a day, if 
not many days entirely drunk. Wc have very oft 
awakM him, as if to carry him to execution, and fhew*d 
him a fceming warrant for it \ it hath not mov*d him 
at all 

Duke. More of him anon. There is written in your 
brow, Provojl^ honefty and conftancy ; if [ read it not 
truly, my ancient skill beguiles me ; but In the bold- 
ncls of my cunning, I will * lay myfclf in hazard. 
Oaudioy whom here you have warrant to execute, is 
no greater forfeit to the law than Jng€h^ who hath 
fcntenc*d him. To make you underftand this in a 
inanifdicd effect, I crave but four days refpitej for 
the which you are to do me both a prcienc and a dan- 
gerous courtefie* 

PrGv. Pray, Sir, in what ? 

Duke, In the delaying death. 

Prov. Alack ! how may 1 do it» having the hour 
Bmited, and an cxpicfs command, under penalty, to 
deliver hii head in the view of Angelo ? I may make 
my cafe ^isCiauJro^s^ to crofs this in the fmalfeih 

Duke. By the vow of mine Order, I warrant you, if 
tny inftrudions may be your guide : let this Barnar- 
dsfis be this morning executed, and his head borne to 

Prcv. jfngdo hath fcen them both, and will difco- 
vcr the favour. 

Duke. Oh, death's a great difguifcr, and you may 
«dd CO it V ihave the head, and tie the beard, and fay 


+ 2 



430 Meafure for Meaftdre. 

it was the dcfire of the penitent to be fo barb'd befo^ 
fcs death \ you know tlie courfe is commort. If any 
rtiing M\ to yoir upon this, more eban thanks and 
good fortune \ by the Saint whom I profels, J nl 
plead againft it with my JUc, 
Prifi}. Pardon mc, good father \ \X \% ^^rinfb my 

B^e. Were you fwom to the Duke, or 

deputy ? 

Prmj, To him, and to his fubftituteSp 
'Dnh, Yoir will think you have made no ofTencc, 
the Duke avouch the juftice of your dealing ? 
Prav. But what likelihood is in that ? 
Duht. Not a refemblance, bur a certainty. Yet 
I fee you fearfuij that aeither my coar> integrity, ncr 
my perfuafion, can with eafe attempt you, I wUl go 
ftsrthcrthan 1 meanr, to pluck all fears out of yoo. 
Look you, Sir, here is the hand and ieal of the Dukt; 
you know the charafter, I doubt not j and the figwt 
is not ftrange to you; 

Pmt;* I know tliem both. ^H 

Dukt, Thcconcencsofthisis the return of theDoki^^ 
you fhall anon over-read it at your pleafurc ; where you 
Ihall find, within theft two days he will be here. This 
is 3 thing, which Angch knows not» for he this vtry 
day receives letters of ftrange tenor ; perchance, of the 
Duke's death \ perchance, of his entering into (bfOc 
monaftery ; but, by chance^ ' nothing of what is here 
wrtr. Look, the unfolding ftar calls up the fhepbcrd j 
put not yourfeif into amazement how thcfe rhing> 
ihould be ; all difficulties are but eafie when they are 
known, Cail your executioner, and off with Bamar- 
dt$t^% head : I will give him a prefent flmft, and ad- 
vife him for a better place. Yet you ^re amaz'd, buf 
ttes fball abiblutely reiblvc you. Come away, it is^ 
moft clear dawn . [ iSMr* 

I nothing cf ^what h ivri/, ] Wt fhouM itti -^-^r# ««t/ 
the Duke romcio^ to the in his hand* 



Meafure for Meafure* 


E N E 
Enter Clown. 


Clown. ** I am as well acquainted heir, as- T' was in 
** QUr houfe of profcffioa ; one would think, it were 
** miftrefs Over-d<fne*s own houfe; for here be many 
" ofheroldcuftomcfs. Firft, here's young Mr. /fi^^ i 
he's in for a commodity of brown pepper and old gin- 
ger, ninefcore and feventeen pounds ; of wluch he 
made five marks ready mony : marry, then, ginger 
was noc much in reqocft : for the old women were all 
dead. Then is there here one Mr. Caper^ at the fuie 
of mafter 'Tbree-PiU the mercer j for Ibme four fuits of 
peach-colourM fattin, which now peaches htm a beg- 

far. Then have we here young Drzzy^ and young 
Tr. Deep-vow^ and Mr. Coppcr-fpur^ and matter 
Siarvi'lacky xbsi rapier and dagger-man^ and young 
J^rGp'heire that killM lufty Puddings and Mr. Fcrth- 
right che tilter, and brave Mr* Shooter the great tra- 
veller, and wild Half-canne that flabb'd Potty and, I 
think, forty more ; al! great doers in our trade, and 
i^HQw ' in for the Lord's lake. 

Enter Abhorfon- 

^h&r. Sirrah, bring Barnardin^ hither. 

Qown, Matter Barnardtne^ you muft rife and be- 
hang'd, matter Burnardine. 

Mbar. What, hoa, 3an;ardine ! 

Bamar, \whhin,'] A pox o* your throats \ who 
makes that noifc there ? what are you ? 

Clo^n. Your friend. Sir, the hangman : you muft be 
fo good, Sir, to ric^ and be put to death. 

Barnar, [tw/iw.] Away, you rogue, away j I am 

z /• fif the Urdififh. ] I. #. to beg for the rcfl of ihcif 



Meafure for Meafure. 

Abhor. Tell him, he iBuft awake, and thatqi 

Clown, Pray, mafter B<a^»4rJfWf, awake *till you 
executed, and deep afterwards. 

AhboT. Go in CO him, and fetch him out. 

Clown. He is coming, Sir, he is coining % I 
the ftraw ruille, 

Enlsr Bamardine, 

Abh^. Is the ax upon the block. Sirrah ? 

Ckwn, Very ready. Sir. 

Barnar, How now, Ahh&rfon? what's the news 
with you ? 

AhhQT. Truly^ Sir» I would defire you to clap in» 
your prayers r for, look you, the warrant's come. 

Barnar, You rogue, 1 have been drinking ail nigl 
1 am not fitted for'c* 

OWff. Oh, the better. Sir; for he that drinks 
night, and is hang*d betimes in the mornings in>f 
fleep the founder all the next day* 

EuUr Duke. 

Abhor. Look you. Sir, here comes your gbofflf 

father -, do we jell now, think you ? I 

Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and Hearing ho* ' 
haftUy you are to depart, lam come to advife you, 
comfort you, and pray with you, 

Barnar, Friar, not \ : I have been drinking hafd 
aSl night, and I will luve more time to prepare tn^^ 
or they QialJ beat out my brains wi[h billets : I ^i^| 
not confent to die this day, that's certain. 

Dttke. Oh, Sir, you mull ; and therefore, I bcfccc^ 
you, look forward on the journey you fliall go. ^^ 

Barnar^ I I'wcar, I will not die to day for any man^^ 

Duke. But hear you, ' ■ — 

Meafure for Meafun. 

Bamar, Not a word : if you have any thing to fay 
to mc, come to my ward i for thence will not I to 
" jT. [Exit. 


Enter Provoft. 

Duk€. Unfit to live, or die : oh, gravel heart! 
After hini> fellows : bring him to the block. 

Prcv, Now, Sir, how do you find the prifoncr? 

Duke. A creacure unprepar*d, unnicet for death i 
And, to tranfporc htm in the mind be is. 
Were damnable. 

PrGv. Here in the prifon, father. 
There dy'd dus morning of a cruel fever 
One Ragexine^ z moft notorious pirate, 
A tnan of Claudia's years ^ his beard, and head« 
luft of his colour : What if we omit 
This reprobate, 'till he were well inclin'd i 
And fatisfic the deputy with die viJige 
Of Ragozine^ more like to daudio f 

Duke. O, *tis an accident, that heav*n provides ; 
Diipatch it prefcntly i die hour draws on 
Prefixt by jhtgeh: fee, this be done. 
And fcnt according to command » while I 
l^erfuade diis rude wretch wiUmgly to die. 

Prov, This fhall be done, good father, prcfently ; 
But Barnardinc muft die this afternoon : 
And how fliall we continue Ciaudio^ 
|To fave mc from the danger that might come. 
If he were known aiivc ? 

Duke. Let this be done ; 
i^jt them in fccret holds, both Bnrnardine and Claudia : 
Ere twice the fun hath made his joumal greeting 
{a) To ch* under generation, you IhaU find 
jfour fafcty manifefted, 

Prcv, I am your free dependent. 

[ ftf) To th* vn^tr g€^fr/^thn, Oxfoii Ediuwi. Vttlg- 7* ^*- 
^/r ftfiwratian } 

Vol. I. Ff Z)«i#. 


434 Me4^ure fir Meajure. 

Duke, Quick, tlifpatch, and fend the head to 

Now will I write letters to Angeh^ 

(The Pr<n}ofi^ he (hall bear them ; ) whole coni 

Shall witncls to him, I am near at home ; 

And that, by great mjunftionsj I am bound 

To enter publickly ; him V\\ define 

To meet me at the confecraced fount, 

A league below the dty i and from thence^ 

By, cold gradation and wcal-halanced form. 

We ihaJl proceed with Jngeh. 

Enter Provoft, 

Prev. Here is the head, PU carry it mytlf. 

Duke. Convenient is it : make a fwift return ; 
For I wDl coauniine with you of fuch diings. 
That want no ears but yours. 

Prffv, V\l make all fpecd. [E£ 

Jfitb, [wiibifi.} Peacc» boo, be here ! 

Duke, The tongue of IfaM. — Slie comes to katfl^ 
If yet her brother's pardon be come hither : 
But I will keep lier ign'rant of her good. 
To make her heavenly comforts of delpoir. 
When it is leaft expeiSled- 


E N 
Enter Ifabel 


ffdlf. Hoa, by your leave. 

Duke. Good morning to you, fair and 

Ifaif. The better, giv^n me by fb holy a man 
Hack yet the deputy fent my brother's pardon ? 

Duke, He hath released him, I/aielj from the world] 
His head is off, and fent to Angela, 

Jfab, Nay, but it is not fo* 

Duke. It is no ether. 
Shew your wiidom, daughter, in your clofcft 


Meafure for Meafufi^ 43 j| 

tfab. Oh, I wUl to him, and pluck out feis c^cJ* 

Ikik$, You (hall not be admited to hi$ fight. 

Ifub, Unhappy Claude! wretched Ifabel! 
Injurious world ! moft damned Angela} 

Duke. Thb nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot : 
Forbear it therefore, gve your caufe to heav'n : 
Mark, what I fay $ which you ihoU furely find 
By ev*ry fyllabk a faithful verity. 
The Duke comes home to-morrow ; dry your eyrt } 
One of our convent, and his confeflbr^ 
Gives me this inAance : al|-eady he hath carry'd 
Notice to EJcalus and Angehi 
Who do prepare to meet him at the gates^ 
There to give up their pow'r. If you can, pace youf 

In that good path that I would wifh it go^ 
And you (hall have your bofom on this wrttchi 
Grace of the Duke, revenges to your hearty 
And general honour. 

I/ak, Fm direftcd by you, 

Duie. This letter then to Friar Petet^ ^ve 1 
*Tis That he lent me of the Duke*s return 2 
Say, by this token* I de(ire his company 
At MariatM^s houfc to night. Her caufe and yoitrS 
ril perfect him withal, and he Ihali bring you 
Before the duke, and to the head of Angeh 
Accufe him home, and home. For my pocH-felf^ 
I am combined by a facred vow. 
And (hall be abfeiit. Wend you with tWs letter 5 
Command thefe fretting waters from your eyes 
With a light heart ; truft not my holy Order« 
If I pervert your courle. Who's here ? 

Enter Ludo. 

Lticio, Good even ; 
Friavy Where's' the Prevojl ? 

F f 2 liui04 

430 Mcafure for Meafure. 

Duke. Not within. Sir. 

LM£i». Ohi pretty J/ahllay I 2m pale at mine be^, 
to fee thine eyes fo red -, thou muft be panmc ; I sm 
£im to dine md fup with water and bran -, I dare ncc 
foi my head fill my beUy : one frnirfUI rncal would id 
jne to*t. But they fay the Duke will he here ro-morrov. 
By my troth, Iff^ij I k>v*d thy brother : it'theold fii- 
tailljcal Duke oi dajrk comers had been at home« hthni 
Irv^d, {Exit Ifibdli. 

Duh, Sir, the Duke is marvellous Hctle beboldcnco 
your lepons i bur the beft i«, he Inrcs not in than. 

Lum, Friar, thou knoweft not the Duke fo wd 
a& I do ^ he's a better woodman, than thou tak*& 
him tor. 


Lmh Nay, tarty, TU go along with thcc : I cm 
tcIJ ihce pretty tales of the Duke. 

Duki, You have told me too many of him alrtadyi 
Sir, if they be true ; if not true, none were enough. 

Ljuw, I was once before him for getting a wcodi 
wirh child. 

Duh, Did you fuch a thir^ ? 

Luri?. Yrs^ marry, did I ; but 1 was fain to forfwoT 
it V they would clfe l;ave marry'd me to the rtxscfi 

Duke Sir» your company is fairer than honcft : itR 
yfu weir 

Luao. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the lane'* 
end : if bawdy talk offend you, wc'U have very Ikdc 
ol itj nay, fnar, I am a kind of bur, I ihall ftick. 


Well ; you'll anTwcr tWs one day, Farr jt 



Meafure for Meafure. 


C E N E 

Changes to the Palace. 



gtlo and Efcatus. 

VERY letter, he hath writ, hath difvouchM 
mZ other. 

Jng. In moll uneven and diftraftcd manner. Hit 
actions fhew much like to madnefs : pray hcav'n, his 
wifJom be nor t-iinted! and why meet him at the 
gates, and deliver our authorities there ? 

EJcaL I gutfs not. 

jing. And why fliou]d we proclaim it in an hour be- 
fore his entering, that if any crave redrefs of injuftice, 
they Ihould exhibit their petitions in the ftreet ? 
[ EfiaL He fliews his rcafon for that ; to have a dif- 
patch of compJaints, and to deliver us from devices 
Hereafter, wtuch fhdJ then have no power to fland 
againil us. 

^ng. Well i I befeech you, lee it be proclaim'd be- 
times i*th* mom ; Til call you at your houfe : give 
notice to fuch men of fort and fuit» as are to meet him. 

EfcaL I fhall, Sir: fare you well. [£yi/. 

Ang. Good night. 
This deed unlhapes me quite, makes me unpregnant. 
And dull to all proceedings. A defloured maid ! 
And by an eminent body, that enforc*d 
The law againft it ! but that her tender Ihamc 
Wil! not proclaim againft her maiden lofe. 
How might Ihe tongue me ? ' yet reafon dares her No. 
For my authonty bears a credent bulk ; 
That no parncular fcandal once can touch. 
But it conlounds the breather. He ihould have liv*d, 

3 yft reaf^s 4artt htr :"] The old Ff-Ifo imprrffionB reJw!» 

* ftt rtafvn ^nre* hfr Nif. And this j& right. Tht meanTnig 

is, the circumflancw of our cafe are fuch. that fhe will ii«cf '«i- 
t^rt to contradifi me; dam htr to rvply A^# lo me, whatever 

Ff 3 Save 

8 Meafure for Mtafure. 

Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous fcnfe, 
Might in the times to come have u'cn revenge j 
Py fo receiving 3 dilhonour'd life, 
With ranlbm of fuch fhamc. 'Would yet> he had 
Alack^ when once our grace we have forgot, 
NotWng goes right ; we would, »id wc would not 

SCENE xia 

Changes to the FieUs without the T&wn, 

Enter Duke in his own hahit^ and Friar Peter. 

Pifi'ir^'T^HESE letters at fit time deliver me. 

A The Provoft knows our puipofc^ and ow 
plot ; 
The matter being afoot^ keep your inftru^Hon, 
And hold you ever to our fpedal drift \ 
Tho* fometimcs you do blench from this to that. 
As caufe doth miniftcr : go, call at flaviuf' hoirfe. 
And tell him, where I ftay ; give the like notice 
Unto Falejstiuj^ Rowland^ and to Crrtffus^ 
And bid them bring tJic trumpets to the gate: 
put fcnd n^c flavius firft. 

Feler. h fhall be fpeded well. {Exit F^iar. 

Enter Varrius, 

Duie, I thank thee, Varrtus^ thou haft nnade good 
Gome, we will walk. There's other of our friends 
^ill greet us here anon, my gendc Varriiu, [j 


Enter Ifabella and Mariana. 

Ifah. To fpeak fo indirciMy, I am loth : 
I'd fay the truth ; but to accufe him fb. 
That is your part j yet I'm advis'd to do it. 

Meafiire far Meafuri. 439 

♦ He lays, to v^ full purpofe. 

Mart, Be rui'd by him. 

Ifab, Befides, he tells me, that if peradventure 
He fpeak againft me (xi the adverie lide, 
I fhould not think it ftrange \ for 'tis a phyfick. 
That's bitter to fwcct end. 
' Mori, I would, Fnsa Peter 

J/ak. Oh, peace J the Friar is come. , 

Enter Peter, 

Peter, Come, I have foiihd you oiit a Kan^iiioft fit^ 
Where you may have fuch vantage on the Duke, 
He fliall not oafs you. Twice have me trumpets 

foojnded : 
The generous and graveft citizens 
Have hent the gates, and very near upon 
The Duke is eniring : therefore hence, away, [Exeunt. 


Apublick Place near the Gty. 

Enter Duke, Varrius, Lords^ Angelo, Efcalus, 
Lucio, and Citizens atfeverd Doors* 

D U K s. 

MY very worthy coufin, fairly met j 
Our old and feithful fiiend, we're glad to lee 
Ang. and EJctd, Happy return be to your royal Grace I 
Ddce, Many and hearty thanks be to you both: 
We've made enquiry of you, and we hear 

4 Hefap, to vail full purfofi.'] Mr. fhedBaU alten it to 
H^/ayif t*a*vailful purpofe i becaufe he hu no idea of the commoa 
reading. A good rcsfon I Yet the common reading b right. Full 
is ufed for bentficial\ and the meaning ii» Htfiyi^ it is to hide a 
htneJUial pmrpifif that mufl not btjH rfutaUm^ 

Ff 4 Such 


440 Meafure for Meafure. 

Surfigoodncfeof your juftkr, chat our £>ul 
Cannot but yield you forth to publick dianks. 
Forerunning more requttai. 

Ang. You make my bonds flail greater- 
Jhikt. Oh^ your dcfert fpeaks knjd ; and I 
wrong it. 
To lock it in the wards of covert boibm, 
A^hen it defirves with charaften of brais 
A forced refidence, 'gainll the tooth of rime 
And razure of oblivion. Give me your hand. 
Arid let the fubjeds iee, to make them know 
That outward courtcfics would fain proclaim 
Favours that keep within* Come, Efcalus \ 
You muft walk by us on our other hand : 
And good fupporters are you. [yf j tht Duke is^mj^m. 

C E N E 
Enter Peter ajtJ ICdDcfla, 


Pn^ffr, Now is your time : fpeak loud, and kocd 
before him. 

I/ah, Juftice, O royal Duke ! vail your regard 
Upon a wrong'd, Td fain have faid, a maid : 
Oh, worthy Prince, di(honour not your eye 
By throwing it on any other obje<S, 
*rij| you have heard me in my true complaint. 
And given me juftice, juftice, juflicc, juftice, 

Dtikf. Relate your wrongs ; in what, by whom ? bs 
brief : 
Here is lord j^ngeh fhall give you juflice ; 
Reveal yourlelf to him. 

Ifah. Oh, worthy Duke, 
You bid me feek redemption of the devil : 
Hear me your felf, for that which I muft fpeak 
Mud either piinifh me* not being bcBev'd, 
Or wring redrefs from you : oh, hear me, hear me. 

Jng. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not firm : 
She hath been a fuitor to me for her brother, 
^C oifby cuurfe ot juibcc, J/a^, 

Meafure for Meafure. 

- Ifah. Courfc of jufticc! 

f jing. And (he will fpcak moft bitterly, and ftrangp, 

Ifah. Moft flrange, buc yet moft truly, will I (peak; 
That AngdQ*% forfwom, is it not llrange? 
That /ingeh^% a murthVcr, is'c not ilrange? 
Tliac Angela is an adultVous thief. 
An hypocrite, a virgin- violatcr j 
Is it not ftrangc, and ftrange I 

Duke. Nay, it is ten times ftrange. 

Ifai^. It Is not truer he is Angekj 
Than tlm is all as true, as it is ftrange: 
Nay, it is ten times truer ; for truth is truth 
To th' end of reckoning. 

Duke. Away with her : poor foul. 
She fpeaks this in th' infirmity of fenfc, 

I/ai. O Prince, I conjure thee, as thou believ'ft 
There is another comfort than this world. 
That thou ntgled me not j with that opinion 
That I am touch*d with madncfs. Make not impoffibic 
That, which but feems unlike ; *tis not impoflibic. 
But one, the wickcd'ft caitiff on the ground. 
May fcem as Ihy, as grave, as juft, as abfolute. 
As Angilo J even fo may Angeh^ 
In all his dreflmgs, caraifls, cities, forms. 
Be an arch-villain : believe It, royal Prince, 
If he be iefs, he's nothing j buc he's more> 
Had I more name for badncfs. 

Duh, By mine honefty, 
If ftie be mad, as I believe no other. 
Her nriadnefc hath the oddeft frame of fenfci 
Such a dependency of thing on thing. 
As e'er I heard in madnefs. 

Ifab. Gracious Duke, 
Harp not on 1 hat ; nor do not banifti reafon 
For inequality i but let your reafbn ferve 
To make the truth appear, where it fccms hid; 
■ Not hide the falfe, fcems true. 

I I And bi^ thffai/e, fttmt tm*.} We ftiouU read Nai W/. 

^ Duke. 


Meafurt for Meafure. 

Duke. Many, that are not mad, 
Have» fure, more lack of rcalbn. 
What would you fay ? 

Jfab. 1 am the fifter of one Qaudh^ 
Condemn'd upon che a£t of fornication 
To lofe hk head ; condcmn*d by Angela : 
], in probation of a (ifterhood, 
Was laic to by my brother ; one Lucio^ 
As then the meflcnger,- 

Lucio. That*s I, an't like your Grace : 
I came to her from QaudiGy and defir*d her 
To try her gracious fortune with Jord jingih^ 
For her poor brother's pardon. 

If^. That's he, indeed. 

Z>aitf, You were not bid to ipcak.^ £7V 

Lmw. No, my good lord, nor wifl&o hold mypcao, 

Duke. I with you now then ; 
Pray you, take note of it : and when you have 
A buiinefs for your fdf 5 pray hcav'n, you then 
Be perfect- 

iMcio. I warrant your Honour- 

Duke. The warrant's for your felf; take heed tcrt. 

Ifdh, This gentleman cola fomcwhatof my talc* 

Lmcio. Right. 

thike. It may be right, but you are in che vmx% 
To fpeak before your time. Proceed, 

Ijab. I wenc 
To this pernicious caitiff Deputy. 

Duke. That's fomewhat madly fpoken, 

Ifab. Pardon it : 
The phrafe is to the matter. 

Buke, Mended again : the matter; — proc< 

Ifab, In brief; ito fee the needkfs Procels by, 
How I perfuaded, how I pray'd and kncel'd, 
{^ow he repelled me, and now I reply'd \ 
For this was of much length) the vile conclufion 
I now begin with grief and fliamc to utter. 
He would not, but by ^fc of my chafte body 


Meafure far Meafure. 44^ 

To his concupircent intcmp'rate luft, 
Rekafc my brother ? and after much dd>atcmeiic> 
My fift^rly Remorfc confuces mine Honour, 
And t did yield to him ; But the next morn betimes, 
(jh purpofe furteiiing, he lends a Warrant 
or my poor broclicr's head. 
Duke. This k moft hkcly ! 
Jjab. * Oh, tliat it were as like> as it is true ! 
Duke. By heav'n,focid wretch,thow know'ft not what 
thou fpeak'H, 
Or elfe thou art fubornM againft his honour 
In hateful pra^ice. Firft^ his integrity 
Stands without bIcmiJh 1 next, it imports no rcifon. 
That with Tuch vehemence he (hou)d purlue 
Faults proper to Jiimfelf: if he had (o offended. 
He would iiave weigh'd thy brother by himfcJf, 
And not have cut himoBF. Some one hath fet you on % 
Confe& the truth, and fay, by whofe advice 
Thou cam'ft here to complain. 

Jfiib, Andisthkatl? 
Then, oh^ you bleifed minifters above f 
Keep me in patience i and with ripen'd time. 
Unfold the evil which is here wrapt up 
* In countenance : Heav'n fhield your Grace from woc> 
As I, thus wrong'd, hence unbdieved go. 

Duki. I know, you'd fain be gone. An o/Ficeri 
To prifon with her. Shall' we thus permit 
A biafting and a fcandalous breath to fall 
On him fo near us ? this needs muft be a practice. 
Who knew of your intent, and coming hither? 
Ifab, One that I would were here, friar Li^dowkk, 
Duke. A ghoftly father, belike : 
Who knows that Lodowick? 

2 Ohf ihaf ii <wtrt at like, ai it it truff} Lih it not htrt pfcd 
for pr^baifit, but for famfy. She catchn at (he Dukc*^ word, »nd 
tarns it to iiAothtr feufe; of which cticresre a great caao/ exam- 
ples in ShMktJpesr^ lod the writer? of (hat time, 

3 h €9u9UnaB^e ; ] i. /« in panud fevgur. 

444 Meafun for Meafure. 

Lxuia. My lord, I know him ; 'tis a medlJDg Fn4r% 
1 do not like the mm -» had be been Lay, my krd« 
For certain words he (pake agamfl your Grace 
In your rcdrement, J had fwing'd him fbundly. 

Z>Kiif.Words againft me? this bagood Friar^ bdikei 
And to fct on this wretched woman hrrc 
Againft our Subftitute ! let this Friar be found. 

Lum. But yeftemight, my lord, fte and tbac Fritr, 
I faw tbcm at the prifon : a iawcf Friar^ 
A very fcurvy tcllow. 

Peter, Blefltd be your royal Grace! 
I have flood by, my lord, and I have h^Jtl 
Your royal earabus*d. Firft, hath this woaun 
Moft wrongftJJy accus'd your SubtKtutc ; 
"Who is as free from touch or ibil with her. 
As flie from one ungoc. 

Duke, We did believe no lefs. 
Know you that Frtar Ledowuk^ which flic (peaks 

Ptttr, I know him for a man divine and holy ; 
Not fcurvy^ nor a temporary mcdler, 
As hc*s reported by this gentleman ; 
Andj on my Truft, a man that never yet 
Did, as he vouches, mifreport your Grace, 

Jmcio. My lord, moft viliainoufly \ believe it. 

Peter. WeiJ j he in time may come to clear bimiclfj 
But at this inftaiit he is fick, my lord, 
Of a ftrange fever. On his meer requcft, 
(Being come to knowledge that there was Complunt 
Intended *gaiiift lord Angela) came I hither 
To fpeak as from his mouth, what he doth know 
Is true, and fallc ; and what he with his oath 
By all Probaticn wilj make up fulJ clear, 
* Whenever he*s convented. Hrflj for this woman ; 


4 Wht^c-vtr hg^ i co»vEN*i>.] Tht firft Folio read* cnwv emtio* 
ind thk ia right: lor to ftn^tfft fjgrn^ lo iJIciuUe « bui ctfr^/i^, 
tJ t^iie, or furoiijons. Yet, because (ottvenu^ huru tlte tneal'ui 
the Oxfcrd Ediftr Ricks to renvrn'J. tho" ii br nonfeufc, mud £] 
nifieit H'btnfutr hi ii *J[tmhlei S9gtth4r . But tha> i( will bc* ^ '^ 

Meafure for Meafure. 445 

To jirftific this worthy Nobleman, 
So vulgarly and perlbnaUy accus'd. 
Her ihall you hear difprovcd co her cyc»» 
'Till ihe herfclf confefs it. 

Duke, Good Frisr^ let*s hear it- 
Do you not Imile at this, lord Angek ? 
O heav'n ! the vanity of wretched fools ! 
Give us fome feats ; come, Coufm yingelo^ 
In this I'll be impartial : be you judge 
Of your own Caufe. Is this the wimefi. Friar? 

[IfabcUa is carried off^ guarded, 

S C E N E la 

Enier Mariana veil'd. 

Firfl: let her (hew her fecc -, and, after, Ipeak. 

Man. Pardon, my lord ^ 1 will not fliew my face. 
Until my husband bid me, 

Duke. What, are you marry*d ? 

Mori, No, my lord, 

Dukf. Arc you a maid ? 

M^ri. No, my lord. 

Dukt, A widow then ? 

Msfi- Neither* my lord. 

Duke, Why, are you nothing then? neither maid, 
widow, nor wife ? 

Lucio, My lord, ftic may be a punk ; for many of 
ihcm are neither maid, widow, nor wife, 

Dttki. Silence that fellow: I would, he had fomc 
caufe to prattle for himfelf. 

Lucio, Well, my Iord< 

Mars. My lord, I do confefs, I ne'er was many'd ; 
And, I confefs, befides, I am no maid ; 

the aJth^r » iHinking of one thmg and hi* cricic ftf another. The 
poet W39«tr«ntive to hJa fenfc^ ind che Editor, «]mte [hroughout 
ni$ periormince, ca nothing but the mealure: which Shakt/ptAr 
having entirely neglfded, titce alt the dr^nvattc uriicn cf tluC^f^c* 
he hw *pruced him up with »1) the cua^ntG of a modcrti meafaicr 
of Syllafalci. Tfais being here caken nguccof c^nce fur ill, ftiall, 
for the liicufe, be forgot, M if it had never been. 


44^ Meafurt for Meafure. 

I've known mv husband^ yet mj hiwfaand kncms 

Thar ever he knew mc 
LmmM^ wm drank dbQt,my k«d ; k caobe 
I}ukt, Fortbc benefit oTfUcDcetivoaki th o m i cti i 

Ijuto. Well, mykird. 

HiAm, This is no wknefe &r lord 

A/^. Now I come to't, my kinL 
She, chac accufes htm of^ fomic^cfH 
In iclf-lame manner doth accuJe my husb t a i rf \ 
And chargts hrni, my lord, wuh fiach a dmc. 
When rU depofe 1 had him in niinc arms, 
Wirh all th' effeci: of love. 

Ang, Charges (he more than me ? 

Mori. Not thac I know. 

'Duke, No ? you fey^ your husband, f TV 

hUn, Why, juft, my lord ^ aiKl diat is AKgtk\ 
Who tlunks, he knows, that he ne*er knew my bodjr \ 
But knows, he thinks, that he knows lfabtP%. 

Ang, This is a ftrange abufe j let's fee thy face: 

Mar'u My husband bida me i now 1 will unmask. 

This is that face, thou cruel Aagth^ 

Which, once thou Twor^ft, was worth the looking on : 

This is the hand, wJiich, with avow'd contraA, 

Was faft belock*d in thine; this is the body. 

That to<^ away the march from Tfahcl% 

And did fupply thee at thy garden houfc 

In htT ima^n'd perfon, 

Duke* Know you this woman ? 

Jjudo, Carnally, (he fays. 

Duke. Sirrah, no more. 

Lucfo. Enough, my lord. 

zing. My lord, I muft confefs, I knowthb worn; 
And five years flnce there was (bme Ipecch of mi 
Betwixt my felf and her*, which was broke off, 
Partly, for thac her promifed proportions 
Came fhorr of compofition \ but, in chief. 
For that her Reputation was difvalu'd 
Jn levity i fuice w]jich time of five years 


Meafure for Mkafure. 4^7 

I never fpake with her, law her, nor beard from her. 
Upon my faith and honour. 

Mart, Noble Prince, [breath. 

As there comes light from heav'n, and words from 
As there is fenle in taith, and truth in virtue, 
] am affianc'd diis man's wife, as ftrongly 
As words could make up vows : and, my good lord> 
B\it Tuejday night laft gone, m*s garden-houfe. 
He knew me as a wife 5 as this is true. 
Let me in fafety raife me from my knees \ 
Or elfe for ever be confixed here, 
A marble monument ! 

jing, I did but fmilc 'tiU now. 
Now, good my lord, give me the icope of juflicc \ 
My patience here is touch'd j I do perceive, 
Theie poor * informal women arc no more 
But inftruments of fome more mightier member. 
That fees them on. Let me have way, my lord. 
To find this practice out. 

Duke. Ay, with my heart ; 
And punifh them unto your height of pleafure* 
Thou foolifh Friar^ and thou pernicious woman, 
Compaft with her that's gpne ; think'ft thou, thy oaths, 
Tho* they would fwear down each particular Salnr, 
"Were ceftimonics *gainft his worth and credit. 
That's feal'd in approbation ? You, lord EJcatus^ 
Sit with my coufm ; lend him your kind pains 
To find out this abufe, whence 'tis derived. 
There is another Friar^ that fee them on \ 
Let him be fent for, [deed, 

Peter. Would he were here, my lord \ for he, in- 
Hath fee the women on to this complaint : 
Your Provcft knows the pi ace j where he abides \ 

5 inftTinal ^Kyamen ] / , f. wom«» who ha^*^ ill concerced 
their Aory. /iarma/ Ggnitln Ut^x^ttaXv, in our author, a thing put 
inro fomi omi'thtid . To r«/vrffra/, oi^t of method, ill (onccrccd. 
Wovf C3ty is it tP fay, thuc Sf^akt/p<ar might bcCfCr have wrote 
irr/b*t»tt^, \. r. jrccujtng. But he who (ii ihe Oxford Eiiiar) 
thinks he did write fo^ kf}i>K^ noihing of the cbirt^ci o^ hti (tile* 



448 Mea/ure Jar Meafure* 

And he may fetch him. 

y uki. Go, do it inftantly. 
And you, my noble and well-warranted coufin. 
Whom it concerns to hear this matter forth \ 
Do with your injuries, as fecms you beft. 
In any clialhfemcnt : I for a while 
WUl leave you j but ftirnoc you» 'till you have wc! 
Determined upon thefe Qanderers. [^^(s 


E^cd. My lord, we'U do it throughly. Signior Z>- 
r/>» did not you fay^ you knew that /mr LsiffmA 
to be a di/honeft ptrfon ? 

iMcie. CucuUus nanfacU monachum ; honcft „. .„ 
thing) but in his doaihs ; and one that hath ipoke niafllj 
viliii lous rpeeches of the Duke, ^B 

MJcaL We (hall intreat you to abide here 'till be 
come, and inforce thcni againft him i wc (hall find 
this Friar a notable fellow, 

Lucio, As any in Fienna^ en my word. 

h'Jcal, Call chat fame Ifabelhtrc. once again : Iwo' 
fpeak with her : pray you, my lord, give me leave 
qucllion i you (hall fee how I'll handle her* 

Lucio. Not better than he, by her own report. 

EfidL Say you ? 

LuctQ* Marry, Sir, I think, if you handled her pri 
vately, fhe (hould fooner confefs i perchance, publick- 
ly fhe^ll be afham'd. ' 

Enter Duke in ibi Friar^s habit ^ and Provoft j liabclk 

is brought in. ^H 

EfcdL I will go darkly to work with her. ^^ 

Lticia^ That's the way ; for women arc light at 

EfiaL Come on, miftrcfs : here's a gcntlcwom 
denies all that you have faid. 

Lucia. My lord, here comes the rafcal I fpokc 
here with the Provoft, 

E/cal, In very good time : fpeak not you to hi 
till we call upon you. 



Meafuft for Meafure^ 

Luch. M"um— 

Efcal, Come, Sir, did you fct thefe women on to 
flandcr lord /in^eb? rhey have confefs'd you did. 

Duke. 'TisfalTe, 
^^ EfcaL How ? know you where you arc ? 
^^ IJuks. Relpeft to your great Place \ and let the devU 
^^Se fbmctimc honour'd for his burning rhrone* 
Where is the Duke? 'tis he fhould hear me fpeak. 

EfcaL The Duke*s in us i and wc wilJ hear you fpeak :. 
Look* you fpeak juftly. 

Duke, Boldly, at leaft. But oh» poor foul5> 
Come you to feek the lamb here of the fox ? 
Gcxxi night to your redrefs : is the Duke gone ? 
Then is your caufe gone too. The Duke's unjuft. 
Thus t© retort your manifeft appeal 5 
And put yourtryal in the vijlain^s mouth, 
Which here you come to accule. 

Lucia. This is the rafcal ; this is he, I fpoke of. 

EfcaL Why, thou unrev^rcnd and unhaliow*d Friar ^ 
Is*t not enough choif haft fubom'd chefe Avomen 
T'accufe this worthy man, but with ibul mouth. 
And in die witnefs of his proper car, 
To call him villain ; and then glance from him 
To th' duke himfelf, to tax him v/ith injuftice ? 
Take him hence ; to th* rack with hirn ; we'll touze you 
Joint by joint, but we will know his purpofc ; 
What? unjuft ? 

Duh, Be not fo hot ; the duke dare no more ftrctcli 
This finger of mine, tlian he dare rack his own : 
His fubjeft am I not, 

Nor here prov^incial ; my buftnefi in this ftatc 
Made mr a looker on here in Fiatna ; 
Where I have fcen corruption boil and bubble, 
*TiIl it o*er-run chc ftew : laws, for all faults i 
But faults fo countenanc'd, that the ftrongilaiutcs 
* Stand hke the forfeits in a barber's Ihop, 
Ai much in mock as mark. Ejk<d, 

$Sund'ithtlf/er/iitsinaUr&ir^tJloj>J BjUri [hop* were, 
ftt ill timcf, the -icfor: of idl^ people. 

y^L, 1, G g 74nfin»* 



450 Mea/ure for Meafure. 

Efcal Slander to th* ftaie ! away with him to priToL 

Ang. What can you vouch againft him, fignior LmcU? 
Is this the man, that you did tell us of ? [bald-patc ; 

Ltuic. 'Tis he, my lord. Come hither, goodman 
Do you know mc ? 

Duke, I remember you, Sir^ by ihe (bund of your 
voice : I met you at die prifon in the ablence of the duke. 

Lucio, Oh, did you fo? and do you remember wbtt 
you faid of die duke? 

Duke, Moll notedly. Sir, 

Luch, Do you lb. Sir ? and was the duke a 
monger, a fool, and a coward, as you then rq>orted him 
to be ? 

Duki. You mull, Sir, change perfons -mth mc, ert 
you make that my report; you fpoke fb of him, and 
much more, much worfe. 

Luck. Oh tliou damnable fellow ! did not I pbdc 
thee by the nofe, for thy fpeeches ? 

Duke. I protcll, I love the duke as I love my fell. 
* jlng^ Hark' how the villain would cloft now, after 
his trcafonable abufes, 

Efcal. Such a fellow is not to bctalk'd witha) j awi? 

with him to prifon ; where is the Prcvoft ? away witl) 

him to prifon ; lay bolts enough upon him j let him 

Jpeak no more; away with thofc gigicts too, and wi^ 

the other confederate companion. 

Duii. Stay, Sir^ ftay a-while. 

Afjg, What ! refifts he ? help him, Ludc. 

Lucio. Come, Sir i come. Sir j come. Sir ; foh,SiTi 

why, you bald-patcd lying rafcal ; you muft be hooded, 

Tanfirina tret futeJam : Mc fiirhamuj ftti 

Plrrufn^ut earn vf-prriri^ Which D^n^ttu callt ^fit 

fiinnnifii, Formerly, wiih ui, the better fort of pfople « 
;o the Rirbec^ fliop to Ijc trimniM \ who then prAflifcd chc ui 
parts of Stifgrry '. Co that h<? had occafion for DumeroiJi ini 
men&t which ky rhffC ready for ufci and che idle people, 
whum hii ihop wai gcnci^Hy crowded^ would bcperpetu&Uy hi 
ling and mirufmg chem. To resinedy which, I fuppofc, there 

ble of forfcitorcj. i4«ptcd to e 

i wiu 


placed 4jp .-x^alnA the %v^11 & rab! 

ofTc-ncc ol thii tindi ^hicji, \\ \x n&; Hkr!/ 

k» suthgrjij^. 


ang prefer £ 



Mtafure for Meafure. 


murt >ou? Ihow your knave*! vifage^ with a pox w 
you i Ihow your fhccp»bicing face, and be hang'd an 
hour : will't not off? 

{_PuUs off the FriarV Hoody and difiovirs the DljIcc. 

Pi^^i\Thouarcthcfirft knave, that e-er mad'fta duke, 
Firft, Provofl^ lei mc bail ihefe genck three. 
Sneak not away, Sir ; for the Friar and you 
Mlli\ have a word anon : lay hold on him. 

Liida. This may prove worfe than hanging, 

Duke. Whac you luve ipokcj I pardon ; (ic you 
down: [7(7 EfcaJus. 

We'll borrow place of hrm. Sir» by your Jeave : 
Haft tliou or word* or wir, or impudence, 
Thac yet can do thee office ? if ihoa haft. 
Rely upon ic *iiil my uic be heard. 
And hold no longer out- 

^^g. O my tlrcad lord, 
I (hould be guikier than my guiJtinefs, 
To think I can be undifcernabJe, 
When I perceive your Grace, like pow'r divine. 
Hath looK*d upon my pafles : then, good prince. 
No longer fcffion hold upon my fhame ; 
But let my tryal be mine own confefllon : 
Immediate (cnrence then, and fcquent death, 
h all the grace J beg. 

Dukf. Come hither^ Mariana: 
Say ; waft thou cVr contraded to this woman? 

jfng. I was, my lord. 

Duke. Go cake her hence, and marry her inftantlyp 
Do you the cfficc. Friar ; which confummare, 
^JReturn him here again : go wi:h him, Provoji. 
^V \_Extunt Angclo, Mariana, Pccer, and Provoft. 

H S C E N E V. 

■ Efcal. My lord, lam moreamaz*dachisdjfhonour, 
Than at the flrangcncfs of it, 
Duke. Come hither^ Ifabdy 
Your Friar is now your prince : as I was then 
Advertifing, and holy to your bufincfe, 
Vol I. Gg 2 Not 

451 M€afur£ p>r Meafure. 

Kot cHangtag heart with lubtCi I am ftil 
Aciomkd k. your femcr* 

Ifab. Oh, give mc pardon, 
Thtt I, "^our v«AaI, have «mpIoy'd and p^io'd 
Your untcndWfT fbverejgnty* 

Duke. Vou are pardoi/d, Ifikel, 
And now, dear maid, be you as free to us. 
Your brochcfs death, I knoWf Tics at your iicartT 
And yoD mve^ marvet, why { obfcura tnyleify 
Ltibourir^ to ikve his iife^ and would ooc rather 
Miikerafhtremonftrance of my hidden 'poi»cr» 
Than Ice him be To loft : Oh, mod kind'maiidy 
It was the fwift celerity of his deaths 
Which, I did think, with /lowcf foot came on, 
• That bainM my purpofe: but peace be with hin:j ! 
That life is better life, paft fearing death. 
Than chat which live* to Fear ; mike ic your comfcrtl 
So» happy is your brother. 

S C lE N E VI. 

,fii/tfr Angelo, Mirtatja, Peter, md Provoft. 

Ifah, I do, my lord. _ 

hake. For this new-marry'd man, approaching bcr% 
Whofc fait imagination yet hath wrong'd 
Your well-defended honour, you muft pardon 
For iW^jmwa's fake : but as he adjudgM your broi 
Being criminal, in double vioJation 
Of Jacred ciiaftity, and of promife-breach. 
Thereon dependant for your brother's life, 
The very mercy of the Uw cries out 
Moll audible, even from his proper tongye^ 
An ^vgelo for Chudio\ death for death. 
Ha(te iUll pays liafle, and leiilire anfwers leifurc ; 
Like dodi quit like^ zxid Miafure flill for Mccfurt, 
Then Angelo^ thy faults are manifcfted ; 
Which tho* thou wouki'ft deny, * deny thee vani 
\Vc do condemn thee to the very blocks 


• itti^ thti^iXiXX&iA famtari, for mcani, opportttDiiv. 


Meqfure for Meafure. 

ere Clnudto ftoopM to death j and with like haftc^ 
way with him. 

MarL Oh, my moft gracious lord, 
hope, you will not mock me with a husband ? 

Duke. It is your husband mock'd you with a husband. 
Confenting to the fafeguard of your honour, 
I thought your marriage fit; clfe imputation, 
For that he knew you, might reproach your life. 
And choak your good to come : for his poffeffions, 
AJtho' by confifcation they are ours, 
"We do enftate and widow you withal, 
■^o buy you a better husband. 
fT Mori, Oh, my dear lord, 
^B crave no other, nor no better man. 

X>ttke. Never crave him j we are deSnitive, 

MarU Gentle, my liege 

Duh, You do but lofc your labour: 
Away with him to death. Now, Sir, to you. 

Mart. Oh, my good lord ! Sweet Ifaiel^ take my part j 
Lend me your knees, and all my life to come 
1*11 lend you all my life^ to do you fervice, 

Buke, ^ Againft all fcnfe you do importune her j 
Should flie kneel down, in mercy of diis faft. 
Her brother's ghoft his paved bed would break. 
And take her hence in horror. 

Alari, Ifaiei, 
Sweet Jfaielj do yet but kneel by me i 
Hold up your hands, fay nothing ; TU fpeak all. 
They fay, bcft men arc moulded out of faults ; 
And, for the moft, become much more die better 
For being a little bad : fo may my husband* 
Oh, Ifaki! will you not lend a knee ? 

Duke, He dies for CMudio^s deaths 

Ifab. Moft bounteous Sir, {Kneeling, 

Look, if it pleafe you, on tliis man condenm*d, 

7 jfgsin/ «//fcnfc jwa ^o impArinnt htr^l The meaning required 
h. ag^inll all teafoa aiidnamr*! afF^flion ^ Shahf'pear, ihcrefort, 

judidoully ufe* ^ finglc tt-oriJ that implies both j Sett/t fignifying 
j?oth rcaXba and ^Ec^oa, 




"454 Meafure for Meafure. 

As if my brother liv'd : I partly chiDk, 
A due fincerity govcm'd his deeds, 
•Till he did look on me; fince it is fo. 
Let him not die. My brother had but juflice. 
In that he did the thing for which he dy'd j 
For Angela^ lus aft did not o'cftakc his bad intent j 
And muft be bury'd but as an intent. 
That perifh'd by the way : thoughts arc no fubjeds :^ 
Intents, but meerly thoughts. H 

Mart. Meerly, my lord. ^ 

Duke, Yourruit*s unproHuble; ftandup, Ifiy: 
1 have bethought me of another fault. 
Frovcfiy how came ic, QaudtQ was beheaded 
At an unufua! hour ? 

Pronj. It was commanded fo. 
Buke. Had you a fpecial warrant for rh^ deed 
Pr€V. No, my good lord j it was by private m< 
Duke. For which I do difcharge you ^your ofdct 
Give up your keys. 

Prov, Pardon me, noble lord. 
1 thought, it was a fault, but knew it not % 
Yet did repent me, after more advice : 
For teftimony whereof, one in the prifon. 
That fliouid by private order elfc have dy*d, 
1 have referv'd alive. 

Duke. What's he? 
, Fr0V. His name is Barnardim, 

Duke. I would, thou had 'ft done fo by Clatidi§A 
Go, fetch him hither j let me look upon him. 
EfcaL Tm forry, one fo learned and fo wife 
As you, lord Angela^ have flill appear*d. 
Should flip fo grofsly both in heat of blocid. 
And lack of tempered judgment afterward- 

Ang, I'm ic^m, that fuch forrow I procure % 
And fo deep (ticks it in my penitent heart. 
That I crave death more willingly than mercy: 
'Tis my dcfcrving» and I do intreat it< 

S C E N 

Meafure for Meafure, 



Enter Provoft, Bamardiae, Claudio, and Julietta, 

Duke, Which is that Barnardine f 
Pronj. This, my lord. 

Duke. There was a Friar told me of diis man: 
Sirrah, thou'rt faid to have a ftubborn foul, 
That apprehends no further thaji this world ; 
And fquar'ft thy life accordingly : tliou'rt condcmn'd j 
But for thofe earthly faults, I quit them all: 
I pray thee, take this mercy to provide 
For better times to come : Friar^ advife him 5 
I leave him to your hand. What muffed fellow's that ? 

Prav, This is another prifbner, that I iav*d. 
Who (hould have dy'd when Qaudio loft his head j 
As like almoft to Claudio^ as himlelf. 

Duke. If he be like your brother, for his fake [7i Ifab. 
Is he pardon'd ; and for your lovely fake, 
Give mc your hand, and fay, you will be mine> 
He is my brother too \ but fitter time for (hat. 
By this, lord Angela perceives hc*s iafe \ 
Methinks, I fee a quickning in his eye. 
Well, Angehy your evil quits you weU > [yours. 

Look, that you !ove your wife ; (a) her worch works 
I find an apt remlllion in myfclf. 
And yet here's one in place I cannot pardon. 
You, firrahi that knew me for a fool, a coward, [r<?Luc. 
One of all luxury^ anais, a mad-man i 
Wherein have I defcrved fo of you. 
That you excol me thus ? 

Lucio. *Faith, my lord, I fpoke it but * according to 
the crick ; if you will hang me for it, you may : but I 
had rather it would pleafc you, I might be whipt* 

Dtike. Whipc firfl, Sir, and hang'd after. 
Proclaim it, Provoft^ round about the city % 

8 a{C9rJing ta tht IrUk ;] i, /. the faftiioo. $0 CP /nVl ^ 
ItgniAcs lo drcfa in clie mode. 

[(a) htr tv^rti inorit j9Mrf, Oxf. Edit. — VmIj. htr ^wtrth 



456 , ^ Meafure for Meafure. 

If any woman, wrong'd by this lewd fellow, 
(As I have heard him fwear himfelf, there's one 
Whom he begot with child) let her appear. 
And he ihall marry her; the nuptial finUh'd, 
Let him be whipt and hang'd, 

lucio, I befeech your highnefs, do not marry me 
to a whore : your highneis i^d even now, I made you 
a duke ; good my lord, do not rccompence me, in 
making me a cuckold. 

I>uke, Upon mine honour, thou fhalt many her: 
Thy (landers I forgive, and therewithal 
Remit thy other forfeits ; take him to prilbn : 
And fee our pleafure herein executed. 

Lucio. Marrying a punk, my lord, is prefling to 
deaPth ; whipping and hanging. 

'Duke. Slandering a prince defcrvcs it. 
She, Claudia^ that you wrong'd, look, you rcftore* 
Joy to you, Mariana : love her, Angelo: 
I have confefs*d her, and I know her virtue. 
Thanks, good friend Efcalus^ for thy much goodncis: 
ThereV-more behind, that is more gratulate. 
Thanks, Provoftj for thy care and fccrcfie j 
We fhall imploy thee in a worthier place: 
Forgive him, Angelo^ that brought you home 
The head of Ragozine for Claudio^s ; 
Th* offence pardons itfclf. Dear IfaM^ 
I have a motion much imports your good. 
Whereto if you'll a v/illing ear incline. 
What's mine is yours, and what is yours is mine : 
So bring us to our palace, where we'll (how 
What's yet behind, that's meet You all (hould know, 


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