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1/. I- a. 

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two yolvmks ik ons. 
Vol. L 




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Bt nie%, si quid loquar audieadutn 
^ocui tteced«l bbna pan. Uoract, 

1 O wHt«' fhtf life of a man who flourished twa thtMi- 
nncl years before us, and in a distatit country, when 
ages of b»i*barity and ignorance have intervened, can t>e 
no very easy ov pleasing task to the biograplier. Facts 
isontttining Aevelly and importance, cannot be supposed, 
at Uiis pemotB period, to be procured, or those that are 
already in our possession autlientioated. To collect, 
therefom^ the most probable incidents fiftxn fomier works, 
and to satM^ the euriosity of the uninfei»nied, has been 
tiie princ^Md aim of the writer of this sketch ; wiiile, by 
mn unremitting attention to classical information, he has 
endeavoured to render it amusing to the scholar, and in- 
flrtictive to the illiterate. 

MANTUA, the capital 0^ new £truria, itself built 
three centuries before Rome, had the honour of giv'uig 
bilfth to Publius Viigiliuft Maro. This great event hap- 
pened on or near ttie 15th of October, seventy years B. 
C. or during the first consulship of Pompey the Great and 
LiciniusCrassus. Who his father was, and even to wKai 
eountry he belonged, has been disputed by the greatest 
writers of which literature has to boast Some assert 
that he was a potter of Andes ; but the mOst probable 
account is, that lie was either a wandering astrologer, 
who praiitised physic, or a servant to one of this learned 
fraternity: It is Observed by Juvenal^ that pudicust ma- 

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gus, usually went together, and that his course of life 
was principahy followed by the Greelcs end Syrians; to 
one of these nations theraibre, it is presumed, V irgii owes 
his birth. His mother Maia, was indubitably of good ex- 
traction, being nearly related to Quinctilius Varus, of 
whom honourable mention is made in the history of the 
second Caitiiagmian war. In the lifeofVi^il. generally 
ascribed to Donatus, it is related, that this woman had 
certain dreams and presages, which tlie physician, recur* 
ring to his powers as an astrolc^i^er, endeavoured to eluci- 
date ; but the fact, in all probability, was, that being Uer- 
soir a woman of superior understanding, and moreover, 
captivated by the sweet disposition, and early indication 
of transcendent genius in her son, she took this method 
of working on the credulity of her husband, and inclin- 
ing him, as if directed by tiie Fates, to give Virgil that 
education, to which her rank and his talents so justly 
entitled hhn. Accordingly, he passed the ♦* initia midiis" 
At Mantua, thence he removed to Cremona, and after- 
wards to Milan. To all these places he proeecuted his 
studies with the most diligent application^ associating 
with the eminent professors of evei^ department of sci- 
ence and devoting whole nights to the study of the best 
Latin and Greek authors : in the latter he was greatly as 
sisted by bis proximity to Marseilles, the only Greek co- 
lony that mamtaioed its refinement and purity of lan- 
guage, amidst the overwhelming influence of all tlie bai*- 
batXHis nations that surrounded it. At first, he devoted 
'innseir to the Epicurean philosopliy, but receiving no 
satisfactory reasons for its tenets from his master, the ce* 
'ein-ated Syro, he passed over to the academic scJiool^ 
when physic and matliematics became his favourite sci- 
(},and these he continued to cultivate, at leisure mo- 
«nents, during bis wliole life. 

At Milan he compowd a great number of verses, on 
various subjects, and in the warmth of early youth, 
fran eri a noble design of writing a Heroic Poem, On 
the IFan of Rome ; but after eome attempts, was dis- 

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JUJTft OF VIEOli^ 1 

c wifffl d firom proceeding, by the abiupUiegs and asperity 
of tbe old Roman names. And here, it is said, he fonned 
tlie plan, and collected the materials, of all those pieces 
which were to assist in the civilization of his countiy« 
men, and oontest the palm vf excellence with the com- 
positions of the greatest i)oet the world bad produced. 
Some of these he tiad even begun, but a ttoo intense ap- 
plication to his studies, together with abstinence and 
iiight-watchiog, had so impaired his health, that an im« 
mediate removal to a more southern part of Italy was 
deemed absolutely necessary for the preservation of his 
existence. Virgil fixed upon Naples, and visiting Rome 
m his way, had the honour, through the interest of his 
kinsmaa and fellow-student. Varus, of being introduced 
to Oetavius, who received him with the greatest maiies 
of esteem, and earnestly recommended his afifairs to thd 
protection of PoUio, then lieutenant of Cisalpine Gaul, 
where ViigU*s patrimony lay, awd who generously un- 
dertook to settle his domestic concegms, Havhig this as- 
flucance, he pursued his journey to i^aples. The charm- 
ing siluttdon, the salubrity of the' air, and the constant 
society of thegneatest and most learned men of the time, 
«rho resorted to this place, not only re-established his 
health, twt contributed to the formation of that style and 
happy turn of verse in whicli he surpasses all his cotem- 

Eiraties, and in less advantageous language, equals even 
onner himself. 
■ It is singular that Virgil, deservedly called the prince 
of Latin poets, proposed only to employ this particular 
talent in f!ie amassing of such wealth as might enable 
him to prosecute, with less interruption, those noblei 
studies to which his elevated genius inclined him, rp'1 
whirh ha describes in these admirable lines. 

Me vero primam dulces ante omoiA Mui«, 

Qaariim sacra fero iogeiiU percpMut amor*;, 

. . Aecipiaat) coUqne vita,et siflera, monslrent, 

-. Def<B«tai^»lii yarioB, Lunaeqiie tabores: ' ' " 

Uim1« treoDor terris, &G ' >. > ;.'ri. 

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^ Line or v^tiibHbk 

fiut tu raiik amdiig the ndetil of tti^f d9»M^ wtt^ at 
this time> the ambition of tlieir greatest li«ruei, statMfiim, 
aiul orators of t lie age. Ciceiro, Octavius^ FbUio^ iiilius 
Csesar, and even the stoical Brutus; h£^ been carried 
away by the impetuosity of th& stteant; bot that g^ius 
which hafl never deserfed tliem in tHfe Frtni»n}or on the 
day of battle, shrunk dismayed, at d cotYiparison vrith 
the lofty muse of Vii^l : and although the^ ifthdeavoured, 
by placing their poems in the celebrated libraries to hand 
theni dowii unimpaired to posterity, scarcely a single 
verse of these iiiustritius authors survived the age in 
wliich they lived. Tliis f>repondefance of fashkHi, how- 
ever, was exti-eniely favourable to Vii^tl ; as Ite had for 
some time devoted himself to tlie study of tht Iftw^ and 
even pleaded one cause, with indifferent succ^ess^ he nmv 
aliogetlicr abandoned the profession, and resumed witli 
inci-eased ai-doar the cultivation of that talent for whkh 
he afterwards becaui* so emiueiitly diistiiiguished. 

Captivated at au early age by the pastorals of Theo- 
x:ntus, he was ambitious of being the pirimitive introducer 
of that enchanting species of poetry among the Ronnaits. 
His lirst performance in this way, entitled jikti^i, is snp' 
posted to have appeared U. C. 709, ^^eu the poet was 
in his twenty-fifth year. Palegrrwn\ wf)teh is a olbaer imi- 
tation of the fourth and fifth Idylls of Theocritus^ was 
probably his second ; bot as this period of the life of 
Virgil is enveloped in a considerable degrte of obscurity, 
and few writers on the subject having condescended to 
notice such ^r//ft/ig'/)arWcte/rtr» as chronological arrange- 
ment, &.C. little more titan sunnise can i>e <L»flfered to "sa- 
tisfy llie researches of the curious. The fifth Eclogue 
of Virgil is composed in alhisioti to the death and tieifi- 
cation of f?«sar,and is supposed by Mr. Whaiton,.w*lose 
profuuiHl erudition undoubtedly rendered htm comiietent 
to decide, to have been written subsequently to Silenus, 
his sixth Eclogue. This is said to have been publicly 
lecJtod on die stage, by this cbirMdiaM Cjiiheris, and 1 1 

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lAFV ur viaouu I 

bare procured its tiutliot that ctfkfbttty and applause 
which the iieculiajf beauty and swectnesd of tlie poem so 
justly meriled. 

Tlie tatfU battle of Pbil^, U. C 713, in which Au- 
gustus and Autbny w6re victorious^ at once annihilated 
«very shadow of liberty in the cotiMuouwealth. Those 
veterau legions, who had conquered the world, fought no 
^nore for the dearest rights oi their country; but at onp 
tiine were its protectors, and at another its ravagers. As 
the amor patrics no longer inspired them, the treasury 
of the Roman empire proved inadequate to allay tlieir 
boundless thirst for wealth ; Augustus, therefore, to si- 
lence their clamours, distributed aiuong them tlie flour- 
ishing colony of Ciemonaf and to makeup the dedciency, 
added part of the state of Mantua. In vain> as Appian 
relates, did tlie miserable modiers^ with iamisliing iuiants 
at the*x breasts, fiU the J^orum with tlieir numbers, and 
the air with their lamentations ; in vain did the mhabi- 
tants complain of being driven like vanquished enemies 
from theilr native homes ; such scenes are ^niliar to the 
conquerors in a civil war ; and tliose legions, who bad 
sacrificed their own and country ^s libertyf, must be re- 
compensed at the expense of justice, and the happiness 
«if thousands. Virgil, involved iii the common calamity, 
had recourse to his old patrons, PoUio and Maecenas, 
and supported by them, petitioned Agustus, not only for 
the poeaessionof his own property, but for the feinsttite- 
ment of his comitrymen in theirs also; which, after 
Bonse hesitatiiyn, wa$ denied, accompanied by a giiamt for 
the restitution of his individual estate. 

Fidl of gratitude for such distinguished fa vouc, Virgil 
composed his TMyrus^ in which he has introduced one 
ehepherd con^ptetiMMg of th&destructioit of his fonn, the 
aiittrchy- infd concision of the times ; and another, («• 
jOikTiiig that he can again tune his reed to love amidst his 
fiocki ; pijpirnisiug to honouc, as a superior bein<r the re- 
•loivir of his tiaopiuestb 

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-P«iM mbia hase-o^ fe«it. 

Namque erat ille mihi semper DeuB -,'*' iUius aram 
Saipe teaer uostris ab oviUbus imbuel ugoiit. 

Unfortunately for Vii^ his joy was not of long con- 
tinuance, for on arriving at Mantua and producing his 
warrant to Arrius, a captain of fool, whom he found in 
possession of his house, the old soldier was so enraged 
at what he termed the presumption of a poet, that he 
wounded him dangerously with his sword, and would 
certainly have killed him, had he not escaped by 6wim- 
miiig hastily over the Mincius. Virgil was therefore 
compelled to return half the len^ of Italy, with a body 
reduced by nckness, and a mind depressed by disap- 
pointment, again to petition Augustus for the restoration 
of his estate. During this journey, which froui the na- 
ture of his wound, was extremely slow, he is supposed 
to have written his MoeriSj or nmth Eclogue, ana this 
conjecture is rendered more probable by the disjointed 
matter, and continual want of connexion, j>erceival)le 
througli the whole composition ; displaying evidently the 
disorder at tliat time predominant in the poet*s mind. 
However, on his arrival at Rome, he had the satisfaction 
to find, that efiectnal orders had been given, and the 
farm resigned into the hands of his procurator or bailifif, 
to whom the above pastoral is addressed. 

* Deu$ was used among^ the Romans for anysnperior Be'in;, 
•r Oeoius, au4 meuphoriCRUy for any emperor, great man, or 
paUon; differing cousiderably from the meaning of the word 
God in English. Thus Cicero, speaking of Plato, says, **Dtu$ 
ille noster ;" and Lucrrtius, " Deus ilUjuit Deus inclyte JHetn- 
mt," of Kpicurus : and Silius Italicus (lib. xiii. 794.) calls Vir- 
gil himself a God. It appears tlierefore, from these examples, 
that the poet might very well deify .^ugastas^ but wh«in lie 
adds farther, •' That be will frequently sacrifice to Lun at his 
altar.*' it must be considered as poetical liceiue, and the effer- 
vescence of gratitude ; for the Romans as a nation, did not ele- 
vate Augustus to the rtinJk of iJeut, till at least five years afirr 
Virgil had written this, or U. C. 7I» 

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LIFE or yjManL. 1 1 

The Siliylline Oracles having reeehred infoniiation 
from the Jews, that a child was to be bom, who should 
be die Saviour of the world, and to whom nations and 
eiiipires should bow with submission, pretended to fore- 
tell that tliis event would occur in tlie year of Rome 714, 
after the peace concluded between Augustus and An- 
tony. Virgil viewing this prophecy wiih tiie vivid ima- 
f'lnation of a poet, and willing to flatter tlie ambition of 
is patron, composed his cdebrated Eclogue, entitled 
PoltiOf in which he supposes the child, who was tlius tc 
unite mankind and restore the golden age, to be the iii- 
fent with which Ociavia, wife lo Antony, and uaU' sistvr 
to Augustus, was then pregnant b}' her former husband 
Marcellus. In this production tlie consul FoUio, Octavia, 
and even the unborn infant, ai-e flattered with his usual 
delicacy ; and the rival Triumviri, though a short time 
before, ui open hostility, have the honour of equaUy sliar- 
ing the poet's applause. 

While Follio, who seems to have been the most ac- 
complished man of his age, and is celebrated as a poet, 
soldier, orator, and historian, was engaged iu an expe<li- 
tion against the Parihinit whom he subdued, Virgil ad- 
dressed to him his Pharmaceutriny one of the most beau- 
tiful of all his eclogues, and in imitation of a poem of the 
same name by his ravouritc author Tlieocritus. This pro- 
duction is the more valuable, as it has handed down to 
posterity, the superstitious rites of the Romans, and the 
Heathen notions of enchantment. Virgil himself seems 
to have been conscious of the beauty of his subject, and 
the dignity of the person whom tie was addressing, and 
accordingly has given us, by the fertility of his genius 
and the brilliancy of his imagination, some of the most 
sublime images that are to be found in any of the wri- 
tings of antiquity. 

By the advice, and at tlie earnest entreaty of Angtis* 
lus,Vii»jl, in his 34th year, retired to Naples, and '.a»d the 
plaii of nis inimitable Georgics : a design as new in La- 
tin verse, as pastorals, before his, were m Italy TherH 

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he undertook for the imaicst, aod to promote the wotfare 
of his country. As the continual civil wars had entirely 
depopulated and laid waste the land usually appropria- 
ted for cultivation ; the peasants turned soldiers, and 
their farms, a scene of desolation ; famine and insurrec 
tion were the inevitable oonsequences that fallowed so 
overwhelming a calamity. Augustus therefore resolved 
to revive the decayed spirit of husbandry, and b^au by 
employing Virgil to recomujend it whh all the insinuating 
charms of poetry. This work took up seven of the most 
vigorous years of his life, and fully answered the ex- 
pectation of his generous patron. The Georgics must 
oe allowed to contain all those masterly beauties wiiich 
might be expected from an exalted genius, whose judg- 
ment and imagination i^^ere in full maturity, and who 
had leisure to give the last polish and perfection to a 
work so exquisitely conceived. In the introduction lo 
the third Georgic he hints at his projection of the JEneis^ 
and by one of the finest allegories in ancient poetry, has 
expressed an intention of erecting a monument, " more 
lasting tltati brass,'* hi honour of Augustus. ^ 

Et viridi in campo templum de marmoro ponam 
Proprt«t aquam, tardis ingens ubi flexibut errat 
MiBcius, et tpnera pnetexit arundine ripas. 
In mddio mihi Casaar erit, templutuque tencbit. 
After this, he takes advantage of the rioblest privilege of 
his art, and breaks away in a fit of prophetic enthusi- 
asm, predicting success in his intaided enterprise, and, 
under the imagery of an ancient triumph, delineates the 
future glories of his magnificent design. 

Augustus having conquered his rival Antony, gave the 
last wound to expirhig liberty, by usurping the exclusive 
government of toe Roman empire. To reconcile a na- 
tion to this, naturally jealous of its fi-eedom, seems to 
have been thef^rand oliject of Virgil in his ^£neid. Tbii 
ooh^c, poem, which equals' the Iliad of Homer, and the 
sacred effusions of Milton, was begun in the 45th v«vi- / 

of the author^s life, and has always been coosidenMJi «« V^ 

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lfW£ or YlRQtU 13 

the most porfuct {jolitfCftl ccim|99aii1oD tbex ever appeared. 
Not an incident that could in any wraytend to flatter 
tlie Roman people into a submission to tlie existing £o- 
vemment, has escaped his penetrating judgment H» 
traces their orig'm to the Trojans, and makes Augustus a 
lineal descendant of £neas. At the command of tno 
gods, they obey him, and in return, are pmmised the em- 
pire of tJie world. So anxious was Augustus for tlie re* 
suit of this poem, that he insisted on iMaring part of it 
read, long befoi-e the whole was completed : gratitude, 
aAer threats and entreaiies had been used in vain, at 
kn^i induced its author to com^y ; and knowins Oc- 
tavta, who had just lost her son Marcellus, woulrl be 
present, Virgil fix*d upon the sixth book, and perhaps 
the finest part of tlie whole £neid. Mis illustrious au- 
ditors, listened with all the attention vhich such interest* 
uig narrative and eloquent recital demanded, till became 
\ to tliat beautiful lamention for tiie death of young'Marcel' 

Uts, beginning with 
J O Date. iogODtum luetam ne qmere tuonim ; 

•od where, after exhausting panegvric, he has 4«rtfuUy 
suppressed the. name of its object, tifi the concludiog'verse 

Tu Marcelliis eris.— 
at these words Octavio,' overcome with surprise and sor* 
row, fiiintod away \ but, on recovering, was so highly 
gratified at having ner'son thus immortalized, that she pre- 
sented the poet with -ten sesterces for each line, amount- 
ing in the whole to upwards of two thousand pounds 
sterling. Having at length brought his .Eneid to a con- 
clusion, Virgil proposed travelDng into Greece, and de« 
voting throe years to the correction and improvement of 
his favourite work. It was during his abscence on tliis 
' occasion that Horace addressed to Uim tint afTeution- 


Sk t« Hira potem Cypri. 
k Me FmtrM Halenm, luctda aMnim. 

) VentomnqMe re|;at pater, 

Obalncti«aUis.pff«Uir Iap7^ 

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14 Lljrfi OFVIROIL. 

Xavu, qutt tibi ^reditiHB 
Debet Viiyilium. £U>ibut Attiuit* 

Reddas inco lumen, precor ; 
£t serves anlinae dimidium meae. 

Virgil liaving arrived at Athens, met with Augustus, who 
was returning from a victorious expedition to tlie luast, 
and who requested the company of the poet back to Ita* 
ly. The latter deemed it his duty to comply ; but being 
desirous of seeing as many of the Grecian antiquities at* 
the time would admit of, went for that puruose to Megara, 
where he was seized with a dangerous ilhiess, {/tmffuc- 
rem nactus est) which, from neglect, and the agitation 
of the vessel in returning to Italy, proved mortal at Brun* 
dusium, on the twenty-second of .September, U. C. 736, 
when he had nearly completed his fifty-second year. 
Virgil died with the greatest tranquillity; and his remains 
being carried to Naples, were interr^ in a monument 
erected at a small distance firom the city ; where it is 
still shown, with the following inscription, said to havt 
been dictated by him on bis death-bed. 

Mantaa me genait; Calabri rapuere ; tenet nunc 
Parthenope : cecini Pascus, Rura, Duces. 

In his will he had ordered that the iSneid should be 
burnt, not having finished it to his mind ; but Augustue 
wisely foi*bade the destruction of a performance which 
will perpetuate his name for ever, and which has proved 
him to be a descendant of the sods. It was therefore 
delivered to Variusand Tucca, Virgil*8 intimate friends, 
with the strictest chaige to make no additions, but merely 
to publish it correctly in the state it then was. 

In person, Virgil was tall, and wide slwuldered, of a 
dark swarthy complexion, which probably proceeded 
from the southern extraction of his father ; his constitu 
tion was delicate, and the most trifling fatigue, either from 
exercise or study, produced violent headach, and spitting 
of blood. In temper he was melancholy and thoughtful, 
loving retirement and contemplation. Thoug:h one of the 

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LIFE OF virail; H 

Ritntest geniuses of bSs age, atid the admintidii of iho 
litMiinns, lie always pederved a shigular" ftiodeaty^ aud 
lived chaste, when the manners of the people were •sb^ 
txemely ctirrupt His character was so bciierplent and 
hnoffiniOTe that most of his eoternfjorary-poets, though 
they Mivied each other, agreed m \ovmg aud esteeming 
him. Hewasbasbfultoadegteeofthtiidity; his aspect 
and behaviour rustic, and ungracefbl ; yet was so non- 
oui«d by his countrymen, that once coming into tlie thea- 
tre, tlie whole audience rose out of respect to him. His 
fortune was large, supposed to be about seventy thousand 
pounds of our moucnr, besides which, he possessed a nu« 
Die mansion and weU furnished library on the £sc|uiline 
Mount at Rome, and an elegant villa in Sicily. Both these 
last he left to Miecenas at his death, togetiier with a con* 
tklerable proportion of his personal property ; the re- 
mainder he divided between his relations and Augustus, 
tlie latter havnig introduced a politic fkshion of being in 
•very body's will, which alone produced a sufficient re- 
venue for a prince in those days. 

So much has been written on the poems of Virgil, both 
by ancient and modern autliors, so many ingenious pane 
gyrics have appeared on the splendour of his diction, 
and the extent of his genius, that it would be little less 
' uian presumpuon to add any thing forthei in his praise. 
On the following translation) as indeed on every work of 
merit, there has existed a variety of opinions; several 
writers have gone so far as to attempt a new version of 
the Roman poet, but if we except a single instance, it 
may be fairly asserted, that they have uniformly foiletl, 
and even the laborious production of Mr. Pitt, corrected 
by the erudite Wharton, is greatly inferior, both in spirit 
and elevation of style, to the excellent translation by 
Ms. Dryden. Notwithstariding the difficulty of render- 
mg a celebrated Latui poem, with the splenclour and en- 
ergy of the original, into a language so deficient in har- 
mony as the English, Mr. Drjrdeu has so far succeeded, 
ai to hand down to posterity, in the opuiion of that greai 

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pom mwdam^Ut. t^o|w, t3m mon wo^ 9f^ ffk^mi 
ivaiisltfion of Yiigil tlat erer cippeared in Any Iau6iiag9. 
It IMM Mnrived tbe ret'Oftted attacks of lalent aud mfk- 
u^Hly ; and it must ibe ailowvd, tbat as luue as a rc|a)r<) 
fM* sypejnmMiefit vcrit, and admimuon 9f i^ iilu^«cH^ 
Roman autbor «toU«3»»t, it will tcoutwMf^-tp be conai- 
cieied by every tnan of f«al ^8le, •eya oroaiu^ ^ PoatU 
cii «oi»pwiCi0D| «o<l #B h^ooiur ip ^ritKh aa»iu$. 

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mb of iirgil. 


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TIm oeearion of the fint pastoral wat tbft. Wheh Att|«iitut 
hmi settled himself in the Roman empire, that he mi|pht re- 
ward hit reteran troops for their past serric«, he dtstrihqted 
aaoiif tlMB all the lands that lay about Cremona and Mao- 
tna; tomiiwoat the Of^bt owners for harinf sided with his 
enemies. Vir|;il was a sufferer lunon; the rest ; who after- 
wards recovered his estate by Maecenas^ 'interoessi60« and, 
as an instance of his gratitude, composed the followin|f pasto* 
ral, where he -sets out his owi^ p^ood for^ne in.the persfo of 
Tit3rrus, and the calamities of hu Hantuan neifl^bbouiti ih the 
character of Melibosus. 


Beneath the shade which beechea boughs dilTuse, 
You, Tityrus, entertain your silvan muse. 
Round the wide world in banishment we roam, 
FoicM from our pleasing fields and native home ; 
While, stretched at ease, 3rou sing your happy loves, 
And Amaryllis fills the shady grovea. 

These blessings, friend, a deity bestow'd ; 
For never can I 'deem him less than God. 
The tender firstlings of my woolly breed 
Shall on hi« holy altar often bl^d. 
He eave me kfne to grate the flow*ry pliiih. 
And to my pipe renew*d the rural straiik. 

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so PA9TORAI. I. 


I eiiTy not your fortune but admire. 

That, while the raging sword and wasteful fire 

Destroy the wretched neighlK»urhood around. 

No hostile arms approach your happy ground. 

Far diff *rent is my fate : my feeble goats 

With pains I drive from their forsaken cotes. 

And tins, you see, I scarcely drag along. 

Who, yeamng, on the rocks has left her voung; 

The hope and promise of my ialling fold. 

My loss, by dire portents the gods foretold ; 

For, bad I not been blind, I might have seen : — 

Yon riven oak, the fairest of the green. 

And the hoarse .raven, on the blasted bough. 

By croaking from the left, presaged tbe coming blov;, 

But tell me, Titvrus, what heavenly pow*r 

Pieserv'd your fortune in that fiital hourf 


Fool that I was, I thought imperial Rome 
Like Mantua, where on market days we come. 
And thither drive our tender lambs from home. 
So kids and whelps thetpmws aod dams express ; 
And so the great J measur'd by the less. 
But country towns, compared with her, appear 
Uke shraba, when lof^y cypresses are near. 


What great occasion cali'd you hence to Rome r 


Freedom, which came at length, tbo* slow to come. . 

Nor did my search of liberty begin. 

Till my black hairs were changed upon my chin ; 

Nor Amaryllis would vouchsare a look. 

Till Cialatea*8 meaner bonds I broke. 

Till then a helpless, bopeless, homely swam, 

1 sought not fireedom, nor aspired to gain : 

Though many a victim from my foldtf was t)ought. 

And many a cheese to couatry markets brought. 

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^ASTOftjkL I. 91 

Yet an the little that I got, I spent. 
And still returned as empty as I went. 


We stood «maz*d to see your mi^ress mourn. 
Unknowing that she pinM for your return : 
We wonder'd why she kept her firuit so long, 
For whom so late th* ungather*d apples bung, 
fiut now the wonder ceases, since 1 see 
She kept them only, Tityrus, for thee. 
For thee the bubblmg springs appearM to mourn, 
Andwhiqp'ring pines made vows for thy return. 

What should I do f— While here I was enchainM 

No ^mpse of godlike liberty remained ; ' 

Nor could I hope, in any place but there. 

To find a god so present to ray pray' r. 

Thera first the youth of heavenly birth I view*d, 

For whom our monthly victims are renewM. 

He heard my vows, and graciously* decreed' 

My grounds to be restored, my former flocks to feed. ^ , 


O ibftunate old man ! whose farm mmains-* 

For you sufficient->and requites your pains ; 

Though rushes overspread the neighboring plidhs, 

Thoueh here the marshy gfounds approach yt>ur fields 

And there the soil a stony harvest yields. 

Tour teemiiv; ewes shall no strange meadows try. 

Nor fear a rot from tainted company, ^ 

Behold ! yon bord*ring fence of sallow trees 

Is fraught with fiovr^rs, the floWrs are fraught v#ith hees 

The busy bees, with a soft mtrnnurin^ strain, • 

Invite to gende sleep the lab'ring swanK 

While, from the neishb*rtng rock, with niral snngs, 

The pruner*s voice ttie pleasing di^m prolongs, 

Sttick-doves and turtles usU their mvhpw pain, 

And from the lofty elms, of love complain* 

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Til* inhabitants of seas and slues slmll change. 
And fish on shore, and stags in air, shall range, 
The banished Parthian dwell on Arar^s brinl^ 
And the blue Geroiaa shall the Tigris drink. 
Ere I, forsakmg gratitude and truths 
Foig^ the figure of that godlike youth. 


But we must beg our bread In climes tmknm^n, 

Benea^ the scoi'chinc or the freezing zone : 

And some to far Oaxis sha^ be sold, 

Or try the Libyan heat, or Scjrthian cold ; 

The rest among the Bntons be confinM ; 

A race of men from ail the world disjoined. 

O I must the wretched exiles ever mourn, 

Nor, after length of rolling years, return ? 

Are we condemn^ by fates unjust decree. 

No roor6 our houses and our homes to see,' 

Or shall we mount again the rural throne, 

And rule the country kingdoms once our owp ; . 

Did we for these barbarians plant and sow ? 

On these, on these, our happy fields bestow ? 

Good beaveni what dire effects ihan citH diteond flow. 

Now let roe grafl mv pears, and prune the Vme ; 

The firuit is theirs, the laboui onty mine. 

Fajrewell, mj pastures, my paternal stock. 

My firuitful fields, and my more fruitful flock i 

No more, my goats* shall I behold you climb 

The steepy cliffs, or crop the flow'ry thyme ! 

No more extended in the grot below. 

Shall see you hrownng on the mountain's biow 

The pricUy. shrubs; and after on ibe bare, 

Leap down the deep abyss, and hang in air. 

No more my sheep. shall sip the morning dew; 

No more my toiu shiUl plMse the rural crew i 

Adieu mv Umefui pi]pe ! end mil the worid, adieu 1 

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This night, at least, with me forget your c^re , 
Chestnuts, and curd$iaQd ^VQ$£t\ shiil'he your fiirei 
The carpet-ground shall be with leaves overspread ) 
And boughs sliall weave a covering for your iieid 
Vot see, yon sunny hill the shade extends } 
And curling smoke from cottages ascends. 



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The eomqieiitatort can by no meant agree on the penooof Alei* 
If, but are all of opinion that some beantiful youth i» meairt 
by him« to whom Virgil here makes love, in Corydon*s laA> 
guagre and simplicity. His way of courtship is wholly paa 
toral: becomplaiosof the boy's coyness ; recommends him* 
self for his beauty and skill in piping ; inrites the youth iotc 
ttie country, where he promises him the diversions of th« 

Elace, with a suitable present of nuts and apples. But whet 
e finds nothing will prevail, he resolves to quit his trouble* 
some amoui, and betake himself again to his former biM#- 

Young Corydon, th' unhapp]r shepherd swain, 
The fitir Alexis lov*d, but lovM in vain ; 
And underneath the beochen shade, alone, 
Thus to the woods and mountains made his moan : — 
Is this, unkind Alexis, my reward ? 
And roust I die unpitied, and tmheard ? 
Now the green lizard in tlie grove is laid ; 
The sheep enjoy the coolness of tlie shade; 
And Thestylis wild thyme and garlic beats 
For harvest hinds, o'erspent wiUi toil and heats ; 
While in the scorching sun I trace in vain 
Thy flying footsteps o*er the burning plain. 
Tlie creaking locusts with my voice conspire, 
^hey fried with heat, and I with fierce desire. 
How much more easy was it to sustain 
Proud Amaryllis, and her haughty reigo* 

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PASfbllAL fl. t5 

The scorns of young MenaHcas, once my care. 

Though he was black, and thou art heavenly fiiii. 

Trust not too much to that enchanting fece ! 

Beauty's a charm ; but roon the charm will pan. 

White lilies lie neglected oilHie ptaaif 

While du^y hyacinths for use remain. 

My passion is thy scorn ; nor wilt thou knoiM 

What wealth I have, what gifts I can bestow 

What stores my dairies and my folds contain 

A thousand lambs that wander on the plain ; 

fiew miiktlbat, all the winter, never fikiliy 

And, all the summer, oversows the pailSr 

Amphion sung not sweeter to his herd^ 

When summoned stones the Theban turrets lear'd. 

Nor am I so deformM ; for, late I stood 

Upon the margin of the briny flood : 

The wiifds were still ; and, if the glass be true» 

With Daphnis I may vie, though judg*d by you. 

leave <ne noisy town i O come and see • 
Our country cots, and live content with me ! 

To wound the flying deer, and from their cotes 
With me to driv'e a-fleld the browsing goats ; 
To pipe and sing, and, in our country strain. 
To copy or perhaps contend with Pan. 
Pan taught to join with wax unequal rseds ; 
Pan loves the shepherds, and their flocks be feeds. . 
- ^tfor scorn the pipe: Amyntas, to be taught, 
With all his kisses would my dult have bought 
Of seven smooth KMnts, a mellow pipe 1 have, 
Which, with his mring breath, Damcetas gave, ^ - 

And said, ♦« this, C;orydon, I leave to thee ; 
For only thou deserv'st it after me." 
His eyes Amyntas durst ^ot upward lift ; 
For much he grudged the pmise, but more the gift. 
x^Besides, two kids, tliat in tlie valley strayM, 

1 found by chance, and to my fold convey*d, 
They drain two bagging udders ev'ry daj • 
And these shall he companions of thy play i 

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f6 l^^JQ^^.iJi^ 

Both fleckM with white* the true Aicadian stiUOt 
Which Theetylitt had pAen beggM in vaia: 
And she shall have tbeaif if B^n she sues, . 

^Since you the gjvejr and the, gift refuse. 

''L^ome to my longing, arms, n^y lovely care ! 

And take the presents which the nymphs prepare. 
White lilies in full canisters they bring. 
With all tlie glories of the purple sprnig. 
The daughters of tlie flood iiave searched the mead. 
For violets pale, and cropped the poppy'« headf 
The short narcissus and fair dafTodil, ., 

Pansies to please the sight, and cassia sweet to smelly 
. And set soft hyacinths with iron-blue, 
To shade marsh marigolds of shininc; hue; 
Some bound in order, others loosely strow'd. 
To di-ess thy bow'r, and trim thy new abode. 

""iSlyself will search our planted grounds at home, 
For downy peaches and the glossy plum: 
And thrash the chestnuts in the neiglib^ringgroyey 
Such as my Amaryllis usM to love. 
The laurel and the myrtle sweets agree ; 
Andhoth in nosegays shall be bound for thee. 
-— AilT^rydon ! ah poor unhappy swain I 
Alexis will thy homely gifts disdain : 
Nor, should*8t thou offer all thy little store, 
Will rich lolas yield, but offer more. 
What have I done, toname that wealthy swain f 
So powerful are hia presents, mine so mean ! 
The boar amidst my crystal streams I bring ; 

^■ A ad southern winds to blast my flowery spring- 
Ah cruel creature ! whom dost thou despise ? 
The gods, to live in woods, have left the skjes^ . 
And godlike Paris, in the Idtean grove. 
To Priam^s wealth preferred (Epone^s love. 
In chies which she built, let Pedlas reigfi ; 
Towers are, for gods* but forests for the swain. 
The greedy lionesSfthe wolf pursues. 
The wolf the kid, the wanton kidthebioi^ae; 

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Alexis, thou art chas'd by Corydon : 

All follow several games, and each his own. 

fi%e, from afar the fields no longer smoke ; 

The sweating stee^ unhanies^M fcDip,^e yoke. 

Bring, as in triumph; bai61t ^crooked blougb ; 

The shadows lengthen as tlie sun goes tow ; 

Cool breezes now the ragins heats remove : 

Ah, cruel heav'n ! that made no cure for love ! 

I wish for balmy sleep, but wish ill vain : 

Love has no bounds in plecnure, or in pain* •; - ? 

What frenzy, shepherd, nas thy soul possessed ? 

Thy vinmrd lies half pnm^dand half undressM 

Quench, Corydon, thy long unanswered fire ! 

Mind what the common, wants of life require: 

On willow, twigs employ t^y weavipg cajj»; , , ^, . 

And find an easier love, thougl) uot so fiur. 

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DbmoetM Mid Menaleast after some tmart ttrokes of coootry 
railleiy, resolve to tij who has the most skill atsong ; aad «o^ 
cordingly make their oeighbourPalKmon jiid{ceof their pvr- 
fortnaoces ; who, after a full hearing of both parties, decUrea 
himself unfit for the decisioo of so weighty a controversy, awl 
leaves the victorr ondeterminad. 


no, Bwain f what shepherd owns those ragged sheep f 


jRgon*8 they are : he gave them me to keep. 


Unhapny sheep of an unhappy swam ! 
While he Nesera courts, but courts in vain. 
And fears that I the damsel shall obtain. 
Thou, varVl, dost thy master's gains devour; 
Thou milk*st his ewes and often twice an hour; 
Of grass and fodder thou defraud'st the dams, 
And of their mother's dugs the starving lambs. 


Good words youns catamite, at least to men ; 
We know who did vour business, liow, and when : 

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And in what chaoel too you plavM your prize, 
And what the gods observ'd with leering eyes, — 
The nymphs were kind and laugh'd : and there your 
safety lies. 


TeSfWhen I cropt the hedges of the leys, 
Cut Micon*s tender vines, and stole the stays! 


Or rather, when, beneath Yon ancient oak. 
The bow of Daphnis, and the shafts, you broke, 
When the fair boy receiv'd the gift of right ; 
And, but for mischief, you had died for spne. 


What nonsense would the focd thy master prate^ 

When thou, his knave, canst talk at such a rate ! 

Did 1 not see you, rascal, did I not. 

When you Uty snus to snap young Damon^s goat f 

His mongrel barkM : I ran to his relief^ 

And cried, ** I'here, there he goes I stop, stop the thief!** 

Discovered, and defeated of your prey, 

Tou skulkM behind the fonce, ana sneak'd away. 


An honest man may freely take his own : 
The goat was mine, by singing fkirly won. 
A solemn match was made : he lost the prize. 
Ask Damon, ask, if he the debt denies. 
1 tiiink he dares not: If he does, be lies. 


Thou sing with him, thou booby I — Never pipe 
Was so profaned to touch that blubber'd lip. 
Ounce at the best! in streets but scarce allowM 
Vu tickle, on thy straw, the stupid crowd. 


To bring it to the « rial, will you dare 

Our pipes our skil*, our voice:$, to compare I 

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30 PISTORAL iff. 

My brinded heifer to the stake I lay: 
Two thriving calves she suclcles twice a day. 
And twice, besides her beestings, never fail 
To store the dairy with a briiiuning paiL 
Now back your singing with an equal stake. 


That should be seen, if I had one to make. 

You know too well I fiecd my fiiUwr's flock : 

What can I wager from the common ^tock f 

A stepdame too I have, a cursed she, 

Who rules tny hen-pecked sire, and orders m^^ 

Both number twice a day the miUcy dams ; 

And once she takes tiie tale of all the lambs. 

But, since you will be mad, and since you may 

Suspect fny cdurage, if I should not lay, 

Tlie pawn I proffer shall be full as good : 

Two bowls 1 have, well tuni*d, of beecheo wood* 

Both by divine Alcimedob were made : 

To neither of them yet the lio is laid. 

The lids are ivy : grapes in clusters lurk 

Beneath the carving of the curious work. 

Two figures on the sides emboss'd appear— 

Conon, and, what^s his name, who made the splieie, 

And show*d the seasons of the f4iding year, 

Instructed in bis trade the laboring swain, 

And when to reap, and when to sow the grain f 


And I have two, to match your piair, at home ; 
Tlie wood the same ; from the same hand they come 
(The kimbo handles seem with bear's- loot carv*d) 
And never vet to table liave been serv'd ; 
Whet-e Orpheus on his lyre laments his love, 
With beasts encompassed and a dancing grnve. 
But these, nor all the proffers you can make, 
Ar<* worth the heifer which I set to stake. 


No more di^ays, vilin boaster, but begin ! 
1 propliesy beforehand, I shall win. 

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PASTORAL 111. il 

PBtemon shall be judge how ill you rbynie . 
I'll teach yoa how to bnq; anothmr time. 


Rhjmei^ eoiue on ! and do the worst you can. 
I fear not you, nor yet a better man. 
With sueiice, neighbour, and attention, wait: 
For 'tis a businesB df la high debaieu 


Smg then : the shade affords a proper place ; 

The trees are clothM with leaves, tlie fields with grass'; 

The blossoms blow ; the birds on bushes sing ; 

And nature has aocomplishM aU the spriiig. 

The challenge to Damcstas shall belong : 

Menakas snail wisttta hie under-songt 

Each in his turn, your tuneful numbws briqgi 

By turns the tuneful Muses love to sing. 


From the^great &iher of the gods above 
My Muse begins ; for all is full of Jove ; 
To Jove the care of heav'n and earth belongs ; 
My flocks he blesses, and he loves luy soiigii. 


Me Phoebus loves ; for he my Muse inspires ; 
And, in her songs, the Warmth he gave, re(|uirea. 
For him, the god of shepherds and their sheep. 
My blushing hyacinths and ray bays 1 -keep. 


My Phyllis me with pelted apples plies : 
Then tripping to the wood the wanton hies, 
And wisnes to be seen before she flies. 

But Mt Amyntas conies unaskM to me, 
And offers love, and sits upon my knee, 
difot Delia to my dogs is known so well as he. 

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To the dear iiiistrets of my k>ve-8'<cli miud, 
Her swain a pretty present has designM : 
I saw two stock-doves billing, an'i ere long 
Will take the nest; and hers shall be the yoUng. 


Ten ruddy wildings in the ^'ood I found, . - 
And Stood on tip-toes, reaching from the grouni ; 
I sent Amyntas all my present store ; 
And will, to-morrow, send as many more. 


The lovely maid lay panting in my arms; 
And all she said and did was full of charmi. 
Winds ! on your wings to heav*R faer accents bear« 
Such words as h«av*n alone is fit to hear. 

Ah ! what avails it me, my love's delight, 
To call you mine, when absent A'oin my sight f 
1 hold the nets, while you pursue the prey; 
And must not share the dangers of the day. 


I keep my birthday : send my Phyllis home : 
At shearing-time, tolas you may come. 


With Phyllis I am more in grace than you, : 

Her sorrow did my parting steps pursue : 

•♦ Adieu, my dear!" she said, " a long adieu !*• 


The nightly wolf is banefiil to tiie fold, 
Su)niis to the wheat, tn buds the biitur cold , 
But, from my frowning foir, more ills I find, 
Than from the wolves, and storms, aud winter-wiiHi 

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The kids with pleasure biowse tbe busliy plaJa ( 
The showers are grateful to the swelling grain; 
To teeming ewes the sallow's tender tree ; 
But, more than all tb^ world, my love to me. 


Pollio ray msal vsbrsci Touchsafesto read < 
A beifei^ Musea^ for 3N>ur patron breed. 


fi^ PolHo writes himself :— a bull he bred, 
With spuming heels, and with a butting head. 


Who PoUio loves, and who his Muse admhres. 
Let Pollio's fortune crown his foil desires. 
Let myrrh instead of thorn his fences fill. 
And mow*rs of honey from his oaks distil. 


W^ hates not living Bavius, let hiiii be 
(Dead Msevius !) damnM to love thy woiks and Ute4 ' 
The same ill taste of sense would serve to join 
Dog-foxes in the yoke, and shear th^ swine. 


Ye boys, who pluck the flow'rs, and spoil tiie spring, 
Beware the secret snake that shoots a sting. 


Graze not too near the banks, my jolly sheep: 
The around is ftdse ; the running streams are di,i*p : 
See, they have caught tbe &ther of the flock. 
Who dries his fleece upon the neighboring rock. 


From rivers drive tite kids, and sling your hnok 
Anon 1*11 wash them in the s!»i»llovv brook. 

VOL I. '^ 

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i4 PASTORAL ill. 

To fbltlf my flock !— wiieii milk is dried with heat. 
In vaiii the niilkalaid tugs att empty teat. 


How lank my h^^i^s from plenteous pasture come I 
But love, that drains the nerd, destroys tlie groom. 


My flocks are free fcom love, 7«t look fl» tMu, 
Their bones are barely covered with ity^r «kin. 
What magic has bewitched the wooUy dams, 
And what ill eyes beheld the tender lambs? 


Say, where the round of heav'n, which all cohtaiuci 
To three short ells on earth out tight restrains: 
Tell that, aod raise a i^hesbus for thy. pains. 


Nay tell me ^rst, in fi\%t new dre g^n iprii^s 
A flow*r, that bears inscribM the nAsnes of kingt; 
And thou shah sain a present as divine 
A^ Phosbus* self: for Phyllis shall be thipe. 


So ntec a difTrence in your singing lies. 
That botli have won, or both deserved the prize. 
Rest equal happy both ; and all who prove 
The bitter sweets, and pleasing pains of love. 
Now dam the ditches, and the floods restrain : 
Theur moisturti has already tir«iich'd the plain. 

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fbe l*oet eeltbnrtes the -birthday of Saloninin, th« ton uf Po| 

lio, bora io tb* contulsh^ «r ftii l«ther, nftef A^ Ukinf of 

Sa!o«m • cit|rin Pfclaitifc. -- M «iy «f Hm voMfei «r« tranalsr 

ted frommt>.ol iM SibyAi. **<»:»ropkMMi4 of o«r S*f»Wir*t 

Sicilian Muse, begin a loftier elraiii i 

Tho* lowly shrubt, and tree» tfaat shade <he plaia 

Delight not all ; Sicilian Muse, prepare 

To make the vocid woods deserv« a contain care. 

llie last-^xai age, iocstold by sacred ihywi, 

Renews its finish^ course: Satumian timet 

RoU round again ; and mighty years, begun. 

From their ^rst orb in radiant circles nifv 

The base degenerate iron o&pring ends; 

A golden jiro^y from heavetl descends. 

O chaste Lucina ! spew! the mothet^s pahir; 

And haste the glorious birtli ! thy own ApoUoreigM! 

The lovely boy, with his aiM^ioue fttoe. 

Shall Pollio*s consulship and triumph grace: 

Majestic montlw set ouKmth him^to their appointed 

T*he lather banish'd virtoe shall restore ; 
And crimes shall threat tlie guilty worljd no more. 
The son sliall lead- the Hie of gods, aad be 
By gods and heroes seen, aud gods and heroes see. 

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36 PASTORAL ir. 

The jarrhig nations he in peace shah bind, 

Aud with paternal virtues rule manlund. 

Unbidden earth shall wreathing ivy bring, 

And frs^rant herbs (the promises of spring,) 

As her nrst ofTrings to her infant king. 

The zoats with strutting dugs shall homeward speed, 

And lowing herds secure from lions feed. 

His cradle shall with rising flotn^rs be crown*d : 

The serpent^s brood sbadl die : the sacred ground 

Shall weeds and pois'nous f^nts refuse to bear; 

Each common bush shall Syrian roses wear. 

But when heroic verse his youtli shall raise. 

And form k to liereditary praise, 

UnlabourM harvests shall the fields adorn. 

And clustered grapes shall Mush on every tliom ; 

The knotted oaks shall showers of honey weep ; 

And thro* the matted grass the liquid gold shall creeps 

Yet, of old fraud some footsteps shall remain : 

The merchant still shall plough the deep for gain : 

Great cities shall with walls be compass'd round ; 

And sharpened shares shall vex the fruitful ground; 

Another Tiphys shall new seas explore ; 

Another Ajdeo land the chiefs upon th* Iberian shore) 

Another Helen other wars create. 

And great Achilles urge the Trojan fate. 

But, when to rlpenM manliood he ^all grow. 

The greedy sailor shall the seas forego: 

No keel shall cut the waves for foreign ware ; 

For every soil shall every product bear. 

The laboring hind his oxen shall disjoin : 

No plough shall hurt the glebe, no pruuing-hook the 

vine ; 
Nor wool shall in dissembled colour shine ; 
But the luxurious father of the fold, 
With native purple, and unborrowM gold. 
Beneath hisjjompous fleece shall proudly swetti 
And under Tynan lohet the lamb shall bleat. 

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PASTORAL rv. 57 

The Fates, when they this happy web have «pun, 

Shall bless the sacred clue, and bid it smoothly lun. 

Mature in years, to ready honours move, 

O, of celestial seed ! Q^ filter-son of Jove ! 

See, laboring Nature calls thee to sustain 

The nodding frame of hear*n, and cartli, and main ! 

See to their base restored, earth, seas, and air; 

And joyful ages, from behind, in crowding ranks appeal. 

To smg ihy praise, would heskv^n my breaih prolong, 

Infusing spirits worthy «oeh a soi^. 

Not Th^lan Orpheus should transcend my lays. 

Nor Linus ccownM with never fading bays ; 

Though each his heavenly parent should inspire ; ' 

The Muse instruct the voice, and Phoebus tcne tiie lyre. 

Should Pan eevitend in verse, and thou my theme. 

Arcadian judges should theh* god condemn. 

Begin, auspicious boy I to cast about 

Thy infant eyes, and, with a smile thy mother single out 

Thy mother well deserves tliat short delight. 

The nauseous qualms of ten long months and travail tc 

Then smile ! the frowning infant* s doom is read j 
No god shall crown the board, nor goddess bless the bed 

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MopiDS and Menalras, two verj expert ^h«ph«rJt at K *0(ig, b« 
gin one by tonsent (6 Itfe memory of Dap)Mi», who is ^p 
posed by tb« best ci^iic^to i^reMnt' Julias Ciusap. MopsiH 
laments his death ; M^nalcas pvodaims his divinity ; ttM 
irbol«> eclogoe coniitinK of ao elegy aad a« apelheosis.. 


SiNCfi on the downs our ftocks together feed, 
And since my voice can match your tuneful reed, 
Why sit we not beneath the grateful shade, 
Which hazels, intenni^'d wim elms, have mdde? 


Whether you please that sylvan scene to take, 
Where whistlinz winds uncertain shadows make; 
Or will you to the cooler cave succeed, 
Whose mouth the curling vines have overspread ? 


Your merit and your years command the choice ; 
Amyntas only rivals you in voice. 


What will not that presuming shepherd dare. 
Who thinks his voice whh Phoebus may compare? 


Begin you first , if either A1con*8 praise. 
Or djriog Phillis, have inspirM jrour laysi 

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If her you moam, dr C^tfdru* tou gommeiHl, 
Begm ; and Tityrat your 4«cl« shall teoci 


Or shall I raiher the. sad verse repeat, 

Which on^ihB.beeeh'8 bark I lately writ? 

I writ, and sung betivirixi. Now bring the Siva^xi 

Whose voice you boast, and let }^ka uy the straia 


Such sS'tbe- fhrub to the tall olive &hows, 
Or the pale sallow of the blushing rose ; 
Such is his voice, if I can judge aright, 
Coinpar'd to thioe in sweetness and in height. 


No more, but sit, and heat the pmmisM lay: 
The gloomy grotto make» a doubtful day. 
The nympbs.about the breathless body wait 
Of Daplbiift, and lament his cruel fkt*^ 
The trees and floods wete witness to ifaeir teflr*: 
At length, the rumour taaeh'd his mocbar*s eafirft 
The wretched parent, whh a pioua baste* 
Came runnuig, and his lifeless limbs embracM. 
She sigh*d, sl^ aobb'd ; and furious with despair^ 
She rent her gatments, and she tore her hair, 
Accusing all the gods, and ev'ry star. 
The swains forgot tlieir sheep, nor near the brfnk 
Of running waters brought their herds to driiSifc. 
The thirsty cattle, of themselves, abstained 
From water, and their grassy fare disdain'd. 
The death of Dapbnis woods and hills deplore , 
They cast the sound to Libya's desert shore; 
The Libyan lions hear, and hearing roar. 
Fierce tigers Daphnis taught the yoke to bear, 
And first with curling ivy dress'd the sjiean 
Daphnis did rites to Bacchus first ordain. 
And holy revels for his reeling tr^n. 

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40 PASTORAL v.: 

As vines the trees, as grapes the vhtei adom. 

As bulls the heeds, and fields the yellow corn ; 

So bright a splendour, so divine a grace. 

The glorious Daphnis cast on his illustrious race. 

When envious Fate the godlike Daphnis took^ 

Our guardian gods the fields and plains forsook: 

Pales no longer swellM the teeming grmin. 

Nor Phoebus fed his oxen on the pM,m : 

No fruitful crop the sickly fields return ; 

But oats and darnel choke the rising com. 

And where the vales with violets once was crownM 

Now knotty bums and thorns disgrace the ground. 

Come, shepherds, coine, and strew with leaves the plain 

Such fim^ral rites your Daphnis did ordain. 

With cypress boughs the crystal fountains hide. 

And somy let the ninnang waters glide. 

A lasting monument to Daphnis laise. 

With this insenptioR to record his praise; 

** Daphnis, the fields* delight, the skepfaerds* love. 

Renowned en^arth, mad deifi'd above ; 

Whose flock exodl'd the ikirest on the plains, 

fiut less than he himself 8urpas8*d the swaons.** 


O heav'nly poet I such thy verse appears. 

So sweet, so channing to my ravishM ears. 

As to the wearr swain with cares opprest, 

Beneath the sylvan shade, refresliing rest ; 

As to the fev'ridi traveller, when first 

He finds a crystal stream to quench his thirst 

(n singing, as in piping, you excel ; 

And scarce your master could perform so weU. 

O fortunate young man ! at least your lays 

Are next to his, and claim the second praise. 

Such as they are, my rural songs I join, 

To raise our Daphnis to the powers divine ; 

For Daphnis was so good, to love whatever was mine. 

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How IS my soul with such a promise misM ! 
For both the boy was worthy to be prais*!). 
And Stiroicon has often made me long 
To hear, like him, so soft, so sweet a song. 


Daphnis, the guest of heaven, with wond*riqg ejet 
Views, in the milky wa7»the starry skies, 
And far beneath him, i^om the shining sphere. 
Beholds the moTing clouds, and rolling year. 
For thia wit!^ cheerful cries the woods .esound. 
The purple spring arrays the varied ground. 
The nymphs and shepherds dance, and Fan bimaoir 

is crowned. 
The wolf no longer prowls for nightly spoils, 
Nor birds the springes lisar, nor 6tagi» the toils; 
For Daphnis rei^s above, and deals fiporo thence . 
His mother^s milder beams, and peaceful influencoi 
The mountain-tops UDsbom, the rocks rejoice; 
The lowly shrubs partake of human voice. 
Assenting Nature, with a gracious nod, 
Proclaims him, and salutes the new-admitted god. 
Be still propitious, ever good be tiiine ! 
Behold f four hallowM altars we design ; 
And two to thee, and two to Phoebus lise; 
On both is offered annual sacrifice. 
The holy nrieits, at each returning year, 
Two bowls ot'milk and two of oil shall bear; 
And I myself the guests with friendly bowls uiJl 

Two goblets will I crown with sparkling wine. 
The gen*rous vintage of the Chian v\ne : 
These will I puur to thee, and make the nectar 

In winter shall the genial feast be made 
Before the fire ; by summer in the shade, / 
Damcetas shall perform the rites divine ; 
And I/yctian i£gnn in the song shall join. 

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Alphesiboeus, tripping, shall arttancet 

And mimic esiyxa in hisautio tlatieot 

When to^he oymphs our %nnual ipites we pay. 

And when our fields witii vicutna we burvey— - 

While savage boars delight m shady woods, 

And finny fish inhabit in tlie floods — 

While bees on thyme, and locusts feed on dew — 

Thy gratefol swains these honours sl^l renew. 

Such honours as we pay to now*r^ divine, 

To Bacchus aiui to Cefres, a^.al! be thine. 

Such annual ho»K»rifS shall beciven ; «ant!thpu 

Shalt heai*, and shall condemn thy suppllints tothe^r vow 


What present, worth thy verse, can Mopsus fiud ? 
Not the soft wbiapevi of the «ouU)ec«i windi 
That play throu^ trembling, treesy deligjit me motei 
Nor murmuring billows on the sounding shore : 
Nor winding streams that through the valley g^4^ 
And the scarce covered pebbles ^jotly chide. 

Receirt 3rou first this tuneful pipe, the same 
That play'd my Corydon's unhappy flame : 
The same that sung Neiera's conquering eyefj, 
And, bad the judg? been just, had won th^ pfitcf. 


Accept from me this sheep-hook in exchange; 
The handle brass; the ktxnbi in equal ranf«. 
Antigenes, with kisses, often tried 
To l^ this present, in his beauty's pride. 
When youth and love are hard to be denied 
But what I could refuse to his request. 
Is yours junaskM; for you deserve itbeht, 

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Two jwtrfg shefftertTs. Chromts a>id Mnaiylus, h4tHig bter 
often promised a sonr by Site nus* chance to Catch' birn aslee* 
in this pi^toca] ; where (he/ bind him hand and fo«t. tiok 
then claim his promise. SUfcnus, finding ikej would be nuto/f 
no|^ia9hia son§^ in which he deacribes the forma* 
tion of ihe universe, and the orii^uial of animals, according tc 
the Epicurean philosophy; and then runs through the mosf. 
surprising transformations which hare happened in Nature 
since her biilh. This pastorfal was dctirtfed as a oompHmcnl 
to Syron th« Epietireeatwho iastrocied Virgil end Varus iv 
the principles of that ph ilosophy. Sileaus act* a« tutor, CbnK 
mis and linasjlus as the two pupils. 

I FIRST transfen^ij to Rome SicfllsEn stnrfris; 

Nor bhish'd the £>oHc Miise to dwell on IVftfmttmn plaSot 

But when I tried her tender voice, too young, 

And fighting kings and bloody battles sung, 

Apollo checkM rhy pride, and bade tne feed 

My fatf ninw flocks, noir dare beyond the reed. 

AdmonishM thus, while every pen prepares 

To write thy pmises, Varus, and thy wars, 

My past'ral Muse her humble tribute brings; 

And yet not wholly iminspir'd she sings: 

For all who read, and, reading, not disdahi 

These rural poems, and tlieir lowly strain, 

The name of Varns, oft inscrib'd shall see 

In ev'ry erove, mnd ev'ry vocal tree; 

And all »ne sj'lvan reign shall sing of thee : 

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Thy name, to Pho^fous and the muses known. 

Shall in the front of ev'ry page be shown ; 

For, he who sings thy praise secures his own. 

Proceed, ray Muse! — Two Satyrs jon the ground. 

Stretched at his ease, tbeh* sire Silenus found. 

DozM with his fumes, and heavy with his load. 

They found him snoring in his dark abode, 

And seiz'd with youthful arms the drunken god. 

His rosy wreath was dropt not long before, 

Borne by tlie tide of wine, and floating on the floor. 

His empty can, with ears half worn away. 

Was huns on high, to boast the triumpli of the day. 

Invaded wus, for want of better bands, 

His garland they unstring, and bhid his hands: 

For, by the iraudful god deluded long, 

They now resolve to have their promisM sotig. 

£gle came in, to make their party good — 

The fairest NaTs of the neighboring flood — 

And, while he stares around with stupid eyes. 

His brows with berries, and his temples, dies. 

He finds the fraud, frtid with a smile demands. 

On what design the boys had bound his hands. 

*• Loose me," he cried ; ** Hwas impudence to find 

A sleeping god ; 'tis sacrilege to bind. 

To you the promisVl poem 1 will pay; 

The nymph shall be rewarded in her way." 

He raised his voice, and soon a numerous throng 

Of tripping Satyrs crowded to the song ; 

And sylvan Fauns, and savage beasts, advancM ; 

And nodding forests to tlie numbers dancM. 

Not by Hsemonian hills the Thracian bard. 

Nor awfijl Phoebus was on Pindus heard 

With deeper silence, or with more regard. 

He sung tne secret seeds of Nature's frame ; 

How seas, and earth, and air, and active flame, 

Fell through the mighty void, and, in their fall. 

Were blindly gathered in this goodly balL 

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PASTORAL rr. 45 

The tender soil, then stifiTniiig by degrees, 
Shut from the bounded earth the bounding aeftn 
Then earth and oce&n, various forms disG^Me; 
And a new sun to the new world arose ; 
And mists, condensed to clouds, obscure the sky \ 
And clouds, dissolved, the thirsty ground supply. 
The rising trees tlie lofty mountains grace: 
The lofty mountams feed the savage race, 
Yet few, and stnngers, in th* unpeopled place. 
From theilce the bvth of man the song pursued. 
And how the world was kist, and how renewed t 
Tiie reign of Saturn, and the golden age; 
Prometheus* theft, and Jove^s aveneing ran; 
The cries of Argonauts for Hylas ihown'a. 
With whose repeated name the shores resound ; 
Then mourns tne madness of the Cretan queeai 
Happy for her if herds had never been. 
What funr, wretched woman, seized thy breast? 
The maids of Argus (though with rage {nesess^d. 
Their imitated lowings fillM the grove,) 
Yet shunnM the guilt of thy preposterous love. 
Nor sought the youthful husband of the herd, 
Tbo* laboring yokes on their own necks they fear*d. 
And felt for budding horns on their smooth foreheads 

Ah, wretched queen ! you range the pathlea* wood. 
While on a ^w*ry bank he chews the cud. 
Or sleeps in shades, or through the forest roves, 
And roars with anguish for lusabsent loves. 
** Ye nymphs, with toils his forest-walk surround, 
And trace his wand'ring footsteps on the ground. 
But, ah ! perhaps my passion he disdains. 
And courts the milky mothers of the plains. 
We seaix:h ih* ungrateful fugitive abroad, 
While they at home sustain his happy load.*' 
He sung the lover's fraud ; the longing maid. 
With lokien firait, like all the sex, betmy*d j 

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The sisters naourmng fbi Uieir brothdi^B Imb : 
Their bodies hid iu barks, and furr'd with mom\ 
How each a rising alder now appears. 
And o'er the Po distills her gummy tears : 
^Then simg, how Callus, by a Muae's hand. 
Was led and wekom'd to the sacred strand; 
The senate rishc^ to salute tbeii* guest. 
And Linus tluis tbeic gratitude eKpcess'd : 
" Receive this^presentr by tibe Muses made, 
The pipe oo wnieh th' Ascxsean pastor 'play'd:; 
With whiciftaf old he clnrmVJ the saTage (min« 
And caird the mountftin ashes to the^plahi. 
Sing thou, on th», thy FiioNnts, and tne wood 
Where once hjs^&bue of Parian marble stood: 
On this his ancient oracles rehearse; 
And with, new tnraibers grace the god of verae.** 
Why should I sing tiie diouble ScyUa*« &tef 
The first ^y Jove transformed, the last by hat»^ 
A beauteous maid above.; but magic arts 
With barking aogs deform'd her netherparts: 
What vengeance on the passing fleBt she pour'dy 
The master ftighwd, and the mates devowrJd, . 
Then rayfsh'd Philomel the song expeest ; 
The cuBie reveal-d ; the sisters* cruel ieajst; 
And how in fields the lapwing Teieus reigns. 
The wasbltB^ naghtkigale in woods vofnpla'm&: 
While Procue makes on cbifflney-tops^ her moan* 
And hovBEB o'er the^mlace once her own. 
Whatever songs besides the Delphian god 
Had taught the laurels, and the Spartan^ood, 
Silenussungj the vales his vodce. rebound. 
And carry to tlie iskies the sacred sound. 
And now the setting suu had wam'd the swain 
To call his counted cattle ijx>m the plain : 
Yet still til* unwearied sire pursues the tunefolstcam. 
Till, unpeccew'd,.thft h^^vens with stars were.huog, 
And sudden ni^^isurpfis^ the yet uqfinifih'd n^^ 

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MelibflBQS here %iye% us tlxcuf^a^tvpn of a »b«rp,. poetical conteal 
between ThyrsJs ana Corydoa, at which he and'DaphoUweM 
present; whrbo'th declared for Cory Ann. 

Bene ATHm ti«llr*/)«paii<^ two jndy swafcit, 

(Their she«p 9)nd goaCB togetftiev.gmsM this ^jteirm) < • 

Both young tAidaftiane, twth ^ke4ns^irM 

To sing, and-aiMwer as the song recfuir'cl. 

Daphtiis, as umpire, took the middle «eat ; * 

And fortune thi^erled my woajy 4««t. 

For, while I fenc'd my myrtles from the cold, 

The father of my flocj^ had wanderM from the fold. 

Of Daphnis I ihiqdir'^cl : he smiling said, 

** Dismiss your fear," and pointed where heftd: 

"Ana if no greater cares disturb yOur mind, 

Sit here with its m covert of the wind. 

Your lowing heiffers, of theh*own accord. 

At watering time, wiH seek tiie rreiglibouring fbm. 

Here wanton Muioius winds alonjr the ineads, 

And sh$ujks!ijb happy banks with beiidii\<; veeds. 

And see, from yon old oak that meets the tkios. 

How black the cIoitcIb of swarming bees arise." 

What should I do ? nor was Alcippi nigh, 

Nor absent Phillis could my care supply, 

To house, and feed by hand my weaning lambs. 

And drain tlit strutting udders of their riatns. 

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Graat was the strife betwixt the singing swains : 
And I preferred my pleasure to my gains. 
Alternate rhyme the ready champion chose : 
These Corydoa rehearsed) and Thytm thosa. 


Ye muses, ever fair and ever young, 
Assist my numbers and inspire my song. 
With all my Codrus, O ! inspire my breast ; 
For Codrus, after Phcebus, sings the best 
Or, if my wishes have presumM too high, 
And stretchM their bounds beyond mortality, 
The praise of artful numbers I resign, 
And hang my pipe upon the sacred pine. 

Arcadian swains, your youtbfiil poet evQwn 
With ivy-wreaths, though aurly Codrus frown. 
Or, if he blast my muse with envious praise. 
Then fence my brows with amulets of bays. 
Lest his ill arts or his malicious ton^ 
Should poison, or bewitch my growing song. 


These branches of a stag, Uiistusky boar 
(The first essay of arms untried before) 
Young Micon ofifers. Delia, to thy shrine. 
But, speed his huuung with thy pow*r divine ; 
Thy statue then of Parian stone shall stand ; 
Thy legs in busluns with a purple band. 

This bowl of milk, these cakes, (our country &(t^ 

For thee, Priapus, yearly we prepare, 

Because a little garden is thy care. 

But, if the falling lambs increase my fold, 

Thy marble statue shall be turn*d to gold. 

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Fair Galatea, with thy silrer feet. 

O, whiter than the swan, and more than IlyUa sweot'I 

Tall as a poplar, taper a» the pole ! 

Come, charm thy sbeuherd, anjj restore my squL 

Come, when my latea sheep at night return; 

And crown the silent hours, and stop the rosy moiii. 


May I become as abject in thy sight 

As sea-weed on the shore, and bkick as night ; 

Rough as a burv^deibciakl like hun who Qhaws 

Sardinian herbage to contract his jaws ; 

Such and so monstrous let thy swain appear, 

If one day*s absence looks not like a year. 

Hence frortrthe field, for shame ! the flock desenrat 

No better feeding while the shepherd starvesk 


Ye mossy springs, inviting easy sleep 
Ye trees, whose leafy shades those mossy fbuntainvlieep^ 
Dftfend my flock ! The summer heats are near. 
And blossoms on the swelling Vines af^iear. 


With heapy fires our cheerful hearth is crown*d. 
And firs for torches in the woods abound. 
We fear not more the winds and wintry cold. 
Than streams the banks, or wolves tlie bleating fold. 


Our woods, with juniper and chestnuts crownM, 

With falling fruits and berries paint the ground ; 

And lavish nature laughs, and strows her stores aroumL 

But, if Alexis from our mountains fly, 

E'en running rivers leave their channels dry. 

Parrh'd are the plains, and frying is the field, 
Mor witii^ring vines their juicy vintage yieW 

VOL. I. 4 

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But, if returning Phyllis blest the piain, 

The grass revives ; the woods are green again ; 

And Jor« descends in showers of kindly ram. 

The poplar is by great Alcidcs worn : 
The br»w8of FhcpbMs his own bays adem ; 
The branching vine the jolly Bacchus loves; 
The Cyprian queen delights in myrtle groves ; 
Witli hazel Phyllis crowns berdoWiag'liak; 
Andf while she loves that cettiraon wveiuh t^.wear* 
Nor bays, noir in jitle boughs, wiih haoel tb«U ci#i^ar0. 


The tow*rine ash is &irest in the woods; 
In fanfattitplnes, -aiyl Mpiars by the floods ; 
But, if mjcLucidas wiil ease my pains, 
And often visit our fbr^en olains. 
To him the tow'ring ash shall yield in woods, 
(p ^rdensj pines, and poplars by the floods. 


These rhymes I did to metnoiy commend. 
When vanquJshM Thvrsis did in vain contend ; 
Since when His Cprycfon among the swains* 
Young Corydon without a rivATtei^ 

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This pMt()ra)<tetfteiii« &6 «0Ms«f D«n*n'««d AlpiiMiitfvt. 
The first of them bewaiUtba los&al' hi« mistreu, titd r«piaf • 
At ^e tooccn e£ bis rival Mopsu*. The «t^r repeats thp 
ebarms of somf oo^bantregs, who eodeavourvd bjr t^c tf^mt 
and m9f i^ pa make papbnis io love with her. 

J U£ mournful nrase of iwo ^e^p^inng swwn^ 
The love rejected and the \ov9n^ p&uis; 
To wb^h the savage lynxes list'nii^ stood ; 
The rivers stood in heapt, and sifOpp'd tbe running floo(*{ 
The hungry herd their needful fi>oa refuse ~ 
Of two despajfiag swaaas, 1 sing the ojoumful musp 

Great Polllo ! thon, for tt'.om thy Rome prepares 
The ready triuinph of thy finished wars, 
Whether Thtravus or th* IlYyriem coast, 
Whatever land or seav'tby pflesenee boast ; 
Is them an hour in fate reserved for me, 
To sing tt>y deeds in mjoibers worthy theaf 
In nuDibecs iika ts tUiie, could I leheaise 
Thy lofty tragic feenes, thy latourM vcMrse, 
The worid anotkev Sonhocles in lh«9, ' 
Anotfaac Homer ahuula kmhoAd m w». 
Amidst tl^y. laurels Je; this ivy twine : . . 
Thme Was my earliest muse , iny latest shall b« ikitm 

Scmoeftom the wmld the sba^ of night withdrew 
Scarce were the flocks refreshed with morning dew* 

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When Dainon, stietch^d beneath an olive shade. 
And wildly staring upwards, thus inveigh'd 
A^iist the conscious gods, and cursM the maid: 
"Star of the inorgiiig, why dost thou delay? 
Come, Lucifer, drive on the lagging day. 
While I my Nisa's peijurM faith deplore — 
Witness, ye pow'rs by whom sIhj falsely swore ! 
The gods, alas ! are witnesses in vain : 
Yet shall my dying breath to heaven complain. 
Begin with me, my flute, the sweet M^enalian straitL 

** The piae» of AfLenalus, the vocal grov^, 
Are ever full of veiMt and full of love: 
They hear the hinds, they hear their god complain, . 
Who suffered not the reeds to rise in vain. 
Begin with me, my flute, the sweet IVLnenalian strain. 

** Mopsus triumphs ; he weds the willing fair. 
When such is Niea's choice, what lover can despair? 
Now griffons ioin wl^ mares ^ another age 
Shall see the hound and hind tbeit thirst assuage, 
i^'romiscuous at the «>iiag. Prepare the lights 
O Mopsus ! and perform the bridal rites. 
Scatter thy nuts among the scrambling boyst 
Thine is the night,and thine the nuptial joys. 
For thee the sun declines: O happy swain ! 
Begin with me, my flute, the sweet Mteuallan strain. 

** O Nisa ! justly to tivy choice condemned ! 
Whom hast thou taken, whom hast thou contem»'.4 f 
For him, thou hast refus*d my brwwzing herd, 
Scorn'd my thick eye-browt, and my shaggy beard. 
Unhapny Damon sighs and sing& in vain. 
While Nisa thinks no god reganls a lover's pain» 
Begin with me, my-flote, the sweet Msnalian strain. 

** I viewed thep firrst, (how fetal was the ricw !) 
And led thee where the ruddy wildings grew, 
High on the planted hedge, and wet with morning 

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TAMTOtLkL rm, M 

Then ecarce ihe beodiiig branches I could win4 ' 

The callow down began to cbtlio my chin. 

I saw, I p^ishMy yex indulgM my paUk. 

Be^in with me, my flute, tiie sweet Msenalian strain 

** I know thee, love! in deserts thou wert bred. 
And at tlie dugs of savage tigers fed ; 
Alien of birth, usurper of the plains! 
Begin with me, my fiute, ttie sweet ManaJJMi stnint 

" Relentless love the cruel mother led, 
Tlie blood of her unhappy babes to shedr 
Love lent the swond ; the mother struck' the bkMr ; 
Inhuman she, but more inhuman thou . 
Alien of birth, usurper of the plains ! 
Begin with me, my flute, the sweet Mtenalian straiofc 

** Old doting Natdre, change thy course anew ; 
\nd let the trembling lamb the Wolf pursue. 
Let oaks now glitter with Hesperian fruit, 
And purple ds^fiodils firom alder shoot: 
Fat amber let the tamarisk distil. 
And hooting owls contend with swans in skill ; 
Hoarse Tityrus strive with Orpheus in the woods, 
And challenge fimi^d Aribh on the floods. 
Or, Oh,let Nature cease, and Chaos reign i 
Begin with me, my flute, the sweet Msenalian strain. 

«* Let earth be sea, and let the whelming tide 
The lifeless limbs of luckfc!6» Damon hide : 
Farewell, ye secret woods and shady gtovtt. 
Haunts of'^my youth, and conscious ef my kwet . 
From yon high eliff • I plunge into the main : 
Take the last present of thy dying swain : . 
And cease, my sUent flute, the sweet Masaaiiaa 

Now take your turns, ye Muses, to rehearse 
His firiend*s complaints, and mighty magic verse.' 
** Brii^ running water t bind those altars round 
With nllets, and with vervain strow the ground ; 

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84 PASTOJUH rift. 

MakA fet>wlth franliifieMft tli« laered tPni, 

To reinflame mj Dap))iifs wiih defttretk 

*Ti8 done : we want but verst.—Reetore, my cternfi^ 

My llng'Vltig Diif>hiiifc to my longing arms. 

** Pale Phcebe, dram^ by vcr8e,froin he«v*ii dewaidt ; 
And Circe changed with charm* Utyssei^ friends. 
Verse breaKs the grotmd, and penetratet the brake« 
And in the wind^ cavern splits «iM snake. 
Verse fires the frocea veioSt-^Bestoie, my channai. 
My lingering Dapbnis to my longing arms. 

«* AroMi^lns «M«en imagr irst f wind 
Three woollen fillets^ ef three ooJowrs join'd ; • 
Thrice bind about his tluice devoted ii^d, 
Which roond'the sacred altar- thcioc is led. 
Unequal numbers please the gods.->My chani»», 
Restore my Daptuiis lo my longing arms. 

** Knit with thtee knots the fillets : knit them stitor , 
Then say, * Tliese knots to Icnre 1 coniseerait^;* 
Haste, Amaryllis, haste !^ Restore, my charm^ 
My lovely Daphms toony longing anns. 

** As fire this figui^ hardens, ^lade of clay* 
And this of wax with fire consumes away ; 
Such let the souJ of icruel Daphnisb^^ 
Hard fe the rest Of wonjcn; soft to me. 
Crumble the sacrdd m(^-of saU and eom< 
Nexl in the fire the bagra wHb brmittoiie hum ; 
And, while it.eiaeklet in (ho sbkikiin, say, 
* Tis I fo»i>tf>hiiis bum; thtn liaphnia bmrn awayi 
This laurel is hi»iMA.*^RMittra, my cbasa^ 
My lovely Daphnis lie my kmging arms. 

** As when the ragmg heiibr, through «tfe grov^ 
Stung with desire, pursues her wand'ring love ; 
Faint at the last* sne eeeks thft w«edy pool% 
To quenck her thirst, and on therusliee roUa, 
Careless of night, unmindful to return ; 
Such fruitless Ires perfidious Daphnis burn. 

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White I so scorn bis love !— Restore, my cbtrmsi 
My lingering DaphmB to ray longing arms. 

" Tliese garments once w«fV-|)iB» i^wl left to me. 
The pledges of his ^lOmlsM loyally,' 
Which undimeath my ttiresbfi^ld 1 bestow. 
Theve pawns, O feacred eaxih i to me my Daphnis owe. 
As iliese were hia» so none is b&-^My clitrms, 
Restore their lingering lord to my deluded arms. 

'* These pois'nous plants; ibrmagic use designed, 
(The noblest and the best of ail the baneM kind) 
Old Monis brought me from the Pontic strand, 
An^ cnn*d tfM liiisebief of a bounteous land. 
Smear'd with these pbwer^l iuices, on tbe plain. 
Hi howls, a w(df among the hungry tiaiu 4 
Ai>4 oft the mi§bty nfcrofnaucer boosts. 
With ihese, to call fimn iombs the staUcing ghost^ 
Aftd itom the foots to tear the standing com, 
Which, whirled cdoft, to distant fields is borne : 
Such is the strength of spfXLs. Restore, my chemns, 
My lingering Daphnis to my loo^ng arms. 

«« Bear out ^ese ashes : cast them in the brook ^ 
Cast backwards o^r your liead ; nor turn your look : 
Since neither gods nor eodlike verse can move. 
Break out,ye smotberM finesiaad kindle smothered bva 
Exert your mmost pow% 9^ lingering charms ; 
And force my Dai^uisto my loqging aiw^* 

** See, while rhjr lalft«ndeairata8 J dciaijr^ 
The waking ashes tiai; mMimmAfmr ahawpky ! 
Run to thti'ttamhakH AiottyMis^barlii 
Our Hvlax opens, twd beginc toterio. 
Good ifieajrki^ -magr iover^ wha* ttae^ wish belisve? 
Or dream thtir wishea, and those dieiMns deoeke? 
No more ! my JDaphnis comes I lofi more, my charms! 
He comes, be runs, he leaps, to my d^sirinf amis.** 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




When Virgil, by tbe favour of Augustus, had recovered hi> f»- 
trimony near Mantua, and went in hope to take poMeasion. b« 
was in danger to be sTain by Arius the eeotunoo, to whom 
those lands wei^ assig^d by the emperor, hi reward of hb 
service against Brutus and Ca^sius. This pastoral tberefote 
is filled with com plaints of thishscrd osage; and the persons 
introduced are the bailiff of Vtvgi), Moerist and his ff iend 

Ho, MoBris ! whither on tliy way so fest? 
This leads to town. 


O Lycidas! atlas 
The time is come, 1 never thou^t to see, 
(Strange revoliitian ibr my ftxm and me ! 
When the griaLcaptadnin a surly tone 
Ciies out, ** Pack up, ye rasoadB,*Bnd be gone.** 
KickM out, we set the best^ace onH we could ; 
And these two kids, t' appease his angry mood, 
I bear, — of which the Furies give him good! 


Vour country firiends were told another tale— 
That firom the sloping mountain to the vale. 

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And dodder'd oak, and all the banks along, 
Menalcas savM bis fortune with a sonf^ 


Such was th« news, indeed ; but songs and rhymes 

Prevail as much in these bwrd iron times. 

As would a plump of trembling fowl, that rise 

Against an eagle sousing ttom the skies. 

And had not Fhoebus warned me, by the croak 

Of an old raven from a hoUow oak, 

To shun debate, Menalcas had been slain. 

And Moerisnbt survited him, ta complain. 


Now heaven defend ! could barbarous rage induce 

The brutal son of Mars t* insult the sactm Muse i . ^ 

Who then should sing the nymphs ? or who lebearse 

The waters gliding, in a smoother verse ? 

Of Amaryllis praise that heavenly lay. 

That shortened, as we wei^ our tedious way--^ 

•* O Tityrus, tend my herd, and see then? fed ; 

To morning pastures, evening waters, led ; 

And *ware the Libyan ridgirs butting head.** 

Or what unfinish'd he to Taws read— 

•« Thy name, O Varus, (if ►Uie kinder powers 

Preserve our pliyns, and shield the Jlklantnan tow*n, 

Obnoxious by Cremona^s neighbouring crime) 

The wings of swans and stronger-pinion'd riiyms, 

Shall raise aloft, and soaring bear above — 

Th* immortal gift of gratitude to Jove." 


Snag on, nng on ; for I can ne'er be cloy'd. 
So may thy swarms the batefiil yew avoid : 
So may thy cows their burden'ft bags distend, 
And trees to goats their willing branches bmid. 

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Mean as I am» jtt hav« the Mustis mad/» 
Me free, a membef of the tuiieful trade: . 
At least the shepherds seem to like my lays; 
But I discern their flatt'ry from their praise : 
( nor to Cinna'^s cars, ndr Varus', dare hjsj^iHi 
But gabble, like a goose amiflti the s^an-iiketbdtf; 

'Tis what JliAve been oonmng in my ntiad ; 

Nor are thy verses of 41, vulgsur iuud. 

*< Come, Galatea I eotne I Usie seas focsilkAf 

What pleasures cfto the tid^ with tbeoc .boanft uimx^ 

See, on the shore inhabits purple spring t 
Where tiighfingfttes their loVe-sick diity singt 
See, mea^ wi^ purling streams, with flo^^ts t^ 

The grottos cool with shady poplars csrown^d, 
And creeping vinefi on Arbours weavM eirdund. 
Come then, «ild' leave the t^aves* tumultuous roar; 
Let the wild ^rges i^ainiy beat thd shore.^' 


Or that sweet song I heard with such delight ; 
The same you sung alone one starry night. 
The tune 1 still retah^ h\A «ottbe woMl. 

'» Why, BWphtift^ dostihou search in dl& r^otds; 
To know the seasons when the stars arise ? 
See, Cicsar's lamp is righted in the skies — 
the siai, whose rays the blushing grapes addni^ 
And swell the kindly trp'ning ears of com. 
Under this influence graft the tender shoot; 
Tny children's chHdf en shallr enjoy tbd fruki" 
The rest I haye focgot , for ^cues And time 
(change all ll^gs, and untune my soul torhym 
I coukl have once sung down a summer^s son: 
But now the chime of poetry is done : 

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My voice grows hoarse, I feel the notes decay, 
As if the wolves had seen me first to-day. 
But these, and more than I to mind can bring, 
Menalcas liast not yet forgot to sing. 

Thy faint excuses but inflame me more : 

And now the waves rail silent to the shore; 

Hushed winds the topmost brandies scarcely bend, 

As if thy tuneful song tii'ey did attend t 

Already we have half our wayo'ercome ; 

Far off I can discern Bianor's tomli. 

Here, where the laborer's hands have formM a bow'r 

Of wreathing trees^, hi singing waste an hour. 

Rett here thy weaiy limbs; thy kids lay down: 

We've day before us yet to reach the town ; 

Or if, ere nighi, the gatbenng clouds we fe&r« 

A song will help the beathig storm to bear. 

And that thod mayst not be too late abroad, 

Sing, and Til ease ihy shoulders of thy load. 


Cease to request me; let us mind our w^. 
Another song requires another day. 
When good Menalcas comes, if he rejoice^ 
And find a friend at cotiit. Pit firid t voice. 

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Ganoi, a fnut patron of Virgil, aod an exeellent p#et. was very 
deeply lo lore with one Cjtberls. whom he c*ils Lycorit, ana 
who bad forcaken him for the company of a soldier. The poet 
therefore sappones his frieod GaHus retired, in his height of 
melancholy. HitO the lolitades of Arcadia, (the celebrated 
scene of pvjtorals,) where he represents him in a rery lao« 
l^ishinr condition, with all the rural deities at>oul him, pitf- 
in^ his Bard usage, and condoling bis misfortune. 

xkY sacred succour, Aretbusa, bring» 
To crown my labour, ('tis the last I sing*) 
Which proud Lyccris may with pity riew • 
The muse is mournful, though the numbers few 
Refuse me not a verse, to grief and Gallus due. 
So may thy silver streams beneath the tide, 
Unmix'd with briny seas, securely ^ide. 
Sing then my Gallus, and his hopeless vows ; 
Sing while my catde crop the tender browze. 
The vocal grove shall answer to tlie sound. 
And echo, from the vales, the tuneful voice rebound 
What lawns or woods withheld you from his aid, 
Ye nymphs, when Gallus was to love betrayed, 
To love, unpitied by the cruel maid ? 
Not ste^y Pindus could retard your course. 
Nor deft Parnassus, nor the Aoniao source < 

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Nothing that owns the Muses, eould suspend 

Your aid to Gallus: — Gallus is their firiend. 

For hiin the lofty laurel stands in tears. 

And hung with humid pearls the Imvlj shrub appears. 

Mtenalian pines the godlike swain bemoan, 

When spread beneath a rock, he si«h*d alone : 

And cold Lycaeus wept from ev'ry dropping stone. 

The sheep surround their shepherd, as he lies* 

Blush not, sweet poet nor the name despise: 

Along the streams, his flock Adonis fed ; 

And yet the queen of beauty blest his bed. 

The swains and tardy neatherds came, and last 

Menalcas,,wet with beating winter mast 

WondViilg they ask*d from whence arose thy flamf. 

Yet more amazed, thy own Apcdlo came. 

FlushM were his cheeks, and glowhig were his eyes : 

" Is she thy care ? is she thy care?" he cries, 

•* Thy fklse Lycoris flies thy love and tliee, 

And for thy rival tempts the raging sea. 

The forms of horrid war, and heav'n's mclemency.** 

Silvanus came : his brows a country crown 

Of fennel, and of nodding lilies, drowiL 

Great Pan arriv'd ; and we beheld him too, 

Uis cheeks and temples of vermilion hue. . 

•* Why, Gallus, this immoderate grief?'* bc.qried' 

** Think'st thou that love with tears is satisfied ? 

The meads are sooner drunk with morning dews. 

The bees with flow*ry shrubs, the goats with browse." 

Unmov'd, and with dejected eyee^ be moumM : 

Hepaus'd, and then these broken words rotunrd: 

•• 'Tis past ; and pity gives me no relief: 

But you, Arcadian swains, shall sing my grief, 

And on your hills my last complaints renew •* 

So sad a song is only worthy you. 

How light would lie the turf upon my breast, 

£f you my sufferings in your songs exprest ! 

Ah ! that ynur birth and business had been min*-- 

To pen th« sheep, and press the swelling vine ' 

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Had Phyllw or AmyflU^QSuus^d my pain. 

Or any nyn^ph or slMpherd on the plaiiii 

(Tho* Phyllis bcown, iho' black Au^yntas were, 

Are violets not sweet, because not ra.r?) 

Beneath the sallows and the sliady vine, 

My loves had mbtM their pliant limbs with mine : 

PhylUs with myrtle wreaths bad croyvn'd my bair, 

And soft Amyntassuog away my care. 

Come, see what pleasures in our piams abound ; 

Tt]e woods, the fountains, and the How^iy ground. 

As you are beauteous, were you half so true. 

Here cduW I live, ami love, and die with only you. 

Now 1 to fighting fields am sent afar. 

And strive in winter oamps with toils of war ^ , 

While you, (alas, that I should find it so !) 

To shun my sight your oative soil forego. 

And climb the frozen Alps, and tread tb' eternal 

Ye frosts and snews, her leader body spare I 
Those aM not limbs for inicles to tear. 
For me, the wilds and 'deserts are my choice ; 
The Muses once mycare,my once hartnouiou^voica. 
There will 1 ting, forsaken and ^J/one; 
The rocks and ImUow caves pball echo to my mo^. 
The rind of ev'ry plant ber name shall know ; 
And, as the rind extends, the iQve sliall grow. 
Then on Arcadian mountains will I chase 
(MiJt'd "with the woodland nymphs) the savage race ; ^ 
Nor cold shall hinder ine, with horns and hounds 
To tread the thickets, or to leap the niounds. 
And now methinks o'er steepy rocks I go, 
And rush through sounding woods, ancTbend the Pp^^^ 

thian bow ; 
As if with sports my sufferings 1 should ease, 
Or by my pains die god of love appease. 
My frenzy ohangeei I delight no more 
On moantain tops to ob«se the tusky boar: 

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No game hut hopeless love my thoughts pursue: 
Once more, ye nymphs, and songs, and sounding woods, 
Lov^ alters not lor us his hard decrees, (adieu I 

Not though beneaiii the Thracian plime we freeze. 
Or llaly^s indulgent heaven foregO) 
And in raid-wiuter tread Sitlionian snow ; 
Or, when the barksi'^l Cjlros are scorch'd, we keep 
Pa Meroe's burning plains the Libyan sheep. 
' In heU, and earth, and seas, and heaven above, « 
Love ^OB^uecs all ; and we must yield to love.*' 
My Muses, here your snored raptures end : 
The verse tvas what I ow'd my suff'ritig friend. 
This while I sung, my sorrows I decejvM, 
And beudingoijlers into baskets weavM. 
The floug^ Weausaifispir'd by you, shall shine ; 
And Gtdkw wiM approve, because 'tis mine— 
Gallus, fbtvfbttiA my holy flames reneyv, 
Eacji hour, and ev'ry moment rise in view ; 
As alders, in the spting, their boles extend, ' 
And heave so fiercely, tbat the ])ark they rend, 
Now let us rise : for hoarseness oft invades 
The nager^t^MMce, who tingi beneath tlie j^hades. 
From juniper unwholesome liewe distil^ 
That blast the ■ooQr com, Ihe witheri^ herbage kill, 
iway, my gMiti, awayi for you teivt^^ws'd vour fttt 

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The poet, in the begpnning^ of this beok, pro^Muodt the fcne* 
ra^ dest|^n of each Oeor|^c: and, after a sotenn iaTOcafiea 
of all the sods who are any way related to hie fofaieet, he 
addresses himself in particuUr to Aufpistus, whom he eom- 
climeotf with divinity ; and after strikci ioto his business. 
He shows the different kinds of tillage proper to different 
soils, traces out the original of a^ncultore, gires a catalogue 
of the husbandmaa't tools, specifies the employments pecu- 
liar to each season, describee 4h« ebaaveeWthn wc4jirr, 
with the signs in hearen and earth that forebode them ; In- 
stances many of the prodigies that happened near the ^ji^ 
>f JuHus Caesar*s death : andshutr up all with a suppli^^^v^f^ 
to the gods for the safety of Augustus, and the preservat* v t4 

What makes a plenteout faanmst, when ta tun 
The fruitful soil». and whaa to sow th« com ; . 
The care of sheep, of oxen^ and of kina; 
And how to raise on «hn8 the teeming vinej 
The birth and genius of the frugal bei, 
( sing, MsBcenas, and I sing to thee. 

Ye deities ! who fields and plains protect* 
Who rule the seasons, and the year direct, 
Bacchus and fostVing Ceres, powers divine, 
VVlio gave us com for mast, for water, wine— 
Ve Fauns, propitious to the rural swains, 
Ye Nymphs that haunt the mountains and the plaint, 
Join in my work, and to my numbers bring 
Your needful succour; for your gifts I sing. 
And thou, whose trident struck the teemhig earth. 
And made a passage for the couraer^s birth ; 

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ccoaaic i. 65 

And thoU) for whom the Ceaii shore 9us4aia» 
The milky herds, that ease the fiow'ry plains ; 
And thou, the shepherds' tutelary god. 
Leave, for a whiles O Pa»t thy> Wvki abode ; 
And, if Aroft(Ka!«>fleeces be thy care, 
From fields and -moontains to my song repau*. 
Inventor, Pallas^ of the-tettVHBK oil« 
Thou founder of the pkugh and ploughman's toil - 
Ated tliO«,>iHioea hands ti»sfaioud4ike cypress rear 
Comev'tll^ ead» and goddesses, that wear 
The rural honoots, and increase the year ; 
Tou, vrb^ ^ply the geoand with seeds of grain ; 
>nd you, who sweU those seeds with kindly i»'m \ 
And chiefly thou,.wbosa undetanBin^d stabs 
Is yet thetnAMM «# ^ god», dehate, 
W bether in ttfter^timeswiatae deelar*d , 
The patron of the woridv and Rome's |)eculiar guard 
i)r o^er tha firoita and seasoud iq preside, 
.4 nd the round circuit of the year to guide — 
Powerful of Uenings, wkifiii t^ou strew'st atoutul, 
\nd with thy goddJess mother's myrtle rrowtiM. 
Or wih ibou, QBsaivebaose>tbe'MMU'ry reign 
To smootha tba>Bni^efi, and corrert the luam ? 
Then mariners, m atartniir <• thee shall pray ; 
K'en utmost Thuk aba& thy pew^' obey : 
And Neptune shall resign the iasces of the sea. 
rhe wat'iy vireina for thy bed eball strive, 
And Tethys mintmwru in dowry give 
Or wilt thou-blsfls oar suMOiers with thy rays. 
And, saai^ neufthe Balance, poise tlie days 
Where, in the void of heaven, a space is free, 
Betwixt the Scorpion and th« Maid for ibee r 
The Scoipion, rmdy-to veceive thy laws. 
Yields half hisiieaioBv and contracu his claws. 
Whatever part ofh^av^n thou shalt oljtauir 
'For let not hedl prepime of suoh a reign ; 
Nor let so diea* thiKt o( empire npoye 
Thy mind, to^ieave thy kintlfRtI eods abov«? . 
*rL.i. 5 

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66 GKO]lOU£ 1. 

Though (ireeceadmire* l!:iysi0in>s Moflit leutalt 

Through Froiterpine nffecte her«leftl«^h 

And, iniportunM by Ceres to removft. 

Prefers the lietds below to those above) 

Be thou propitious, Caesar ! guide my om^jrif * 

And bold endeavoura add thy forofi; 

Pity the poet's and the ploughviaa't care«; 

Int'!*est thy greatness in our rnitan afiaira^ 

And u«e thyt<elf betimes to hear and grant #«rpP6y •!• 

While yet the spring is youog, whM aafili Ulbiffd. 
Her frozen bosom to the weetem windt; 
While mouBtain snows dissohe agaiatt th# aum 
And streams, yet new, from pveoipicBe run } 
E*en m this eariy dawning or tha jWHr, ■ 
Produce the plough, and yoke tft» aiiinfy ilaar. 
And |oad him till he groans beneath his loH, 
Till the bright sliare is buried in the eoiL 
That crop rewards the greedy peasanft paiBS» 
Whioh twice the sun, and twice the cold suattunt, 
And bursts the crowded barnt with more than pro 

mis'd gains. 
But, ere we stir the yet unbroken gnond, 
The various course of seasons muet beftiand; 
The weadier and the setting of the wiiid% 
The culture suiting to the tev*ral klnda 
Of seeds and plants, tatd what will tlunve and riia, 
And what the genius of the soil denies. 
I'hisground with Bacchus, that with Ceres, suits: 
I'hat other loads die trees with happy fruits: 
A fourth, with grass unbidden, decks the grouiHI 
Thus Tmolus is with yellow saffron crowa'd : 
India black ebon and white tv*ry bears; 
And soft Idume weeps her od'roue teara 
Thus Fontus sends her beaver stones 0iem fkr^ 
And naked Spaniards temper steel for wart 
EpiPJs, for th^ Eleaii chariot^ breeds 

(ill hopes of palms) a race of running ttaad 
This IS ui* r^^u^^tal ronirac» ; these the lawra 

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Impoi^itihgi NAtuM, iad I7 HmxMH 

On Mu&diy plasM, wben DeucftKon hurTtf 

His motnert oiktnila ou tbc desefft worki ; 

Whence men, a banl Ittboooot kind, were bom. 

Then bonopw amt of wiDter for thjr com , 

And early, with thy team, the glebe in fiinowttunit 

That, while the turf lies open mod unbound. 

Succeeding sunt may bake tlie wiellow ground. 

Buvil thasoil be barvan, cnify scar 

The suc&ce» and but iJgMf priai the fKave, 

When cold Arctums nees mkh the lun ? 

Lest widMd weeds the «oni sbouUI ovemia 

In wat'ry soil«; ar lest the benen land 

Should suck the nmstase Drom tlw tlHiBtir land. 

Both thonaiiakapfignnib Ifae swain fortxttBrl^' 

And keeps ft aibbalh of altesaate yeaKS^ 

That the spent earth' niayr gather heart agHio, 

And, betteii!«l by oessationv ^ear tto&grain. 

At least where vetches, injlee, and^taret, have itnodt 

And stalks««l' iafianes grew (a^mfobom wood,,) 

Th' ensuing season, in return, may bear 

The bearded.pfaductof tbc goMea year? 

For flax and oats will bum. ih» tender Held, 

And sleepy popfites bamiftil tarveM vield, 

But sweet' vicissitudes of nest and toil 

Make easy laboitf and renew the loil, 

Yet spriokle sordkl ashes ail aroand, 

And load with int'niag dang tbe fidlow noutnA 

Thus changt of seeda for aieaare soils » beet ; 

And earth manui'd, not tdle,.tiiaiigh«t rest - 

Long practioa haaa suaa itaproy enwrnt- found, 
With kindied fieacfto bum ttaobarfvn gnond,- 
When the light sUibMs, to U» ftikmeu rasigif*d, 
is driven a)ong» and crackfos in the wlnA 
Whether fcom/hsnoe the hdfow womb ot tatlh 
Is warm*d with sacrftt abrengih for bettar btnh ; 
Or, wlien the latent vice iftcar'<t 1^ fire; 
Redundant biunours tlirough tlie poree expire 

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^% GK01UU0t« 

Ot that the wanmHcHiteiMk the eliinJBt,«ndiMlMt ' 
New breathingtv wbflnce new nourishment iihe takei^ 
Or that tlie heat tlie gacping ground constrains* 
Nt*w kniU» the wirfoce, aiici new strmt^ the veins: 
r> so:tKh)g show rs stuittlcj pierce lier secret seal, 
Or frer«t»)g Uo«ea< chill her genial heat^ 
tr i*rotx;iiji)g sunt} UK) violeiitly beat 
Nor is thu prtitit tiinaU the fteasinit toakes, 
Who smoothes with liarrowf}, or who pounds with irakca 
The crumhlini( eiedet nor Cetes-ftotn on high 
Regards htslalKiurn with a gradjcingefe, 
Nor his, who ploughs luuoss the iiinow'd gKMimiSi 
Aii;< on the back of canh infliets new wounds; 
Fo) he, with.fre«yueBii easffoise, eooimands 
Th* unwillinf 60;1. and imntm the stuMiom lands. 
Ye swains, inv(^e the pMw'rB who rule the ^ 
For a moist smtiwerand a winter drf: 
For wimer drou^t tewandstlie |ieasai>ii*8 paUiy 
And broods indiil/9eat on the buneil gmin. 
Hence Mysia Aioasts^ier luurvests^ and the tope 
Of Gargarus admired their happy orop& 
When nrst the soil rscevree the fruitful eetd. 
Make no delay »bMt-aover n with tpeedi 
So fenc'd from oold the plimt furrows bteak. 
Before the surly clod vesists tlie rake ; 
And call the floods ftom high, to rush amain 
With pregnant streams* taswsil the teeming gnm 
Then, wl^n the hery sons too fiercely pla»r. 
And shrivell'd herbs on with'ring stems deeayv 
I'he wary ploughman, on the mountain's brow, 
Undams'his wat'iy stores^-inige tonents flow. 
And, lattlius down the racks, large m«ieiuro yield. 
Tempering the thirsty lever of the neld«- 
And, lest the stenw .too -feeble for the iwi)^ 
Siiould scaeee sustam the hea#s unwieldy weight 
Sends in his feeding flocks betimes, t^ invade 
The rising bulk of the luxuriant blade, 

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QROBmte u t9 

Ere yet th^tt^pmftgofi^Hiig of iH» grain ' 

O'eitops the ridgvsof the fitrrow'd piain^ 

And drains the standiog waters, when they yidd 

Too langB/sr bet^rage to the dnniken field : 

But most in auttiimi, and the stiow^ry ^ing, 

When dubious itionths uncertain weather bring; 

WHon fduutftins open^ when impetuous rain 

Swel'a hasty brooks^ aiifi pours ufion the plain; 

When eartb wtih sUme and mud is covered o?cr 

Or hollow places spew their wat'ry store. 

Nor y«t the {rieughman, ndr the lab'rtug steer, 

Sustain aloiM^the hazards of the, year : 

But glutton geese,, atul tlie Strymoiiiaa crane, 

With fore^A' tsoops invade the tenctev grain ; 

And tew'ring weeds hmlignant shadows yield; 

And spreadmg -lucc'ry chokes- the-.risiag held. 

The sire ofgodt and inen, with hard decrees, 

Forbids GtoT f^nty to be bought witli ease, 

And wills that mortal men, intir*d to loil. 

Should exercise, with puins, the grudging tcui; 

Himself invented first the shining share, 

And wiietted huouui industry by carei; 

Himself did handidraftaand arts ocdain. 

Nor suffer^ ekxb to rust his aoti\'e reign. 

Ere this, no peasant vexM the pestce&lr gnound. 

Which only, turis and greens ^ ahass found : 

No fences parted fields, nor nmrke laoff bouad* ' r 

DistiiiguishM acres of litieiotisfreundsr »^ 

But all wfts teommon, ana the -miitful earth 

Was free ito- give her unexacted birth. 

Jove added venom to tlie-viper^s bv&od. 

And swell'd, with raging stonns, the pcnacefu] flood $ 

Commissioned hungry wolves l' infest thefold, 

And shook from o^en leaves the In {uid igold \. - 

Removed £rom human reach the cheerful fife* 

And from the nvers bade the vine retire; 

That studious need might useful arts ^xipiam i ■ 

From furrowM fields to reap the ibodfiil stoie* 

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Aim) force the iraim of eliahiiig fifties If aqte 
The lurking seeds of their celestial fire. 
Then first on seas the hoUow*d alder swam ; 
Then sailors ouarter'd heav'n, and found a floni 
Forev'ry fixMand eT*ry watKTrinj^star*^ ' ' 
The Pleiadsv Hyads,and the Northern Car. 
Then toils for beasts, and lime for birds, were foiiad. 
And deep-mouthed dogs did foreet'Waltcs surround \ 
And casting-nets were spread in shallow lirooks, 
Drags in the deep, and baits were hung on hooht. 
Then sawa were toothed, and sounding astes madtf 
(For, wedges first did yielding wood invade) 
And various «rts in oraer did succeed, 
(What cannot endless labour, urg'd 1^ need f) 

. First Qsit» taught the ground with grain to ww^ 
And ann*d with iron shares the crooked plougb; 
When now Dodmiian oaks no more supplied "" 

' Their mast, and trees their forest-fhiits denied. 
Soon was his lalxxjr doubled to the swaint 

' And blasting nuldews blacken*d all his grain ; 
Though thistles chok'd the fields, and kilrdthecOm^ 
And an unthrifly crop of weeds was bom : 
Then burs and brambles, an unbidden crew 
Of graceless sucsts th^ unharrpy fleM subdue; 
And oats unmest, and darnel domiifeers, 
And shoots its head above the shining eaM ; 
So tiiat, unless the land witlt daily care 
Is exercised, and, wittk an iron war 
Of rakes and barrows, the proud um txpellM, 
And birds with clamours frfghted from the field 
Unless the boughs are lopp*d thW shade the plafMi 
And heaven invok'd wifh vows for firuitfiil mm— 
On others* crops you may with envy look. 
And shake fat fMd the fong-abandon*d oak. 
Nor must vsa pass untold what arms they Wisld, 
Who labour tillage and the forrow*d field ; 
Wttiiont whose aid the groimd her eom deniett 
And nothing ean be sowt>, and nefthing i' 

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o|co|i(i9ic u 71 

The crooked plough, Uie share, the tow* ring hoight 
Of wagoHa aiiri the cart's un wieldly weigh t» 
The sled, ihq tutnbiil, hurdles, and the Tlail, 
The fan of Baqchus, witli tlie flying sail — 
These all must be prepar'd if pljuglimen hope , J,' 
The proinis'd blessing of a bounteous crop. * ^ 
Voung elms, with early force, in copses bow, ' i.'* 
Fit for the ligure of the crooked plough. 
Of eight feet long a fastcii'd beam prepare: 
Oil either side tlie head, produce an ear ; 
And suik a socket for tiie shining share. 
Of beech the plough-tad and the bending 5'ofee,^ 
Or sofler linden harden'<l in the smoke. ^^ 

i could be long iu precepts ; but i fear 
So mean a subject inigtit oifend your ear. 
1 Delve of convenient (icpth your threshing floof •' 
With temper'd clay, then fill and face it o'er; / 
And let the weighty roller run the round, ,,|| 

To smooth the surface of th' unequal ground : 
Lest, crack'd witli summer heats, the flooring fliM, 
Or siiiJts, and tlirough the crannies weeds arise: 
fi^t sundry foes the rural realm surround: 
j fThe field-mouse builds her garner under ground 
J ForgaiherM grain; the blind laborious mole 
f In winding mazes works her hidden hole : "' 
( In lioUnw caverns vermin make abode — ^^ , 

I The hissing serpeni, and the swelling toad: /]yj*. 
I The corn devouring weasel here abides, ''^ii, 

\And the wise ant her wintry store [jrovides. 

Mark well tlie Otnv'ring almonds in the wood : 
If od'rous blooms the bearing branches load, 
The glebe will ani?wt'r to the sylvan reign ; 
Great heats will follow, and large crops of grain. 
But, if a wood o! leaves o'ershadc the tree, 
Such and ^.hari'en will thy harvest be : 
In irain the hind shall vex the tiirashlng-door ; 
For empty chaff and straw will bf? thy store. 

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72 «E0R&10 i. 

Some steep their seed, and eome in oakUons boO, 
With vigorous nilre and with lees of oil, 
O'er gentle fixes, th* exub'rant juice to dram. 
And swell the flatt'ruig busks with fimi(a*gmkL 
Vet, the success is not for years assurM, 
Though chosen is the seed, and folly cur'd, 
Unless the peasant, with bis annual pain* 
Renews his choice, and culls the largest ^in. 
'^hus all below, whether by Nature's curse. 
Or Fate's decree, degen'rate still to worse. the boat's brawny crew the current stem, 
And, slow adrancingj, strugele with the stnam: 
But, if they slack their ^airas, or cease to etrive^ . 
Then down the flood with headlong haste they driva. 

Nor must the ploughmau less observe the sluetv 
When the Kids, Dragon, and Arcturus rise, 
Then sailors homeward bent, who cut their way 
Thro' Helle's stormy straits, and oyster-bieeding sea. 
But, when Astrea's balance, hung on high. 
Betwixt the nighu and days divides the sky, - 
Then yoke your oxen, sow your winter grain, • 
Till cold December comes with drivuig rain. 
Linseed and fruitful poppy bury wann. 
In a dry season, and prevent the storm. 
Sow beans and clover in a rotten soil. 
And millet rising from your annual toil. 
When with his golden boms, in fuH career 
The bull beats down the barriers of the year 
And Aigo and the Dog forsake the northern ^ert. 

But, if your care to whtat alone extend 
Ijet Maia with her sisters first descend. 
And the bright Gnossian diadem downward bend. 
Before you trust in earth your future hope ; 
Or else expect a listless lazy crop. 
Some swams have sown before ; hut most have fomid 
A husky harvest iirom the grudging ground. 
Vile vetches would you sow, or tentlls lean. 
The g^wth of Egypt, or tlie kidney bean. 

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Begin when tlwvlow Wa£ones<letc«aci8{ 
Nor cease your flowing till midwinter ends. 
For this, through twelve bright signs Apollo guidM 
The year, and eartli in sev'ral clunes divides. 
Five girdles bind the skies: the torrid aoue 
Glows with the passing and repassing sun : 
Far on the right ai^d left, th' extremes of heav'a 
To firosts and snows and bitter leasts are giveu: 
Betwixt the midst and these, the |ods assigD^d 
Two habitable seats lor human kind. 
And *croe8 their limits, cut a sloping way. 
Which the twelve signs in beauteov* order swa.y. 
Two poles. tuni round the globe; one seen to riM 
O'er Scythian biUs* and one in Libyan skies ; 
The first sublime in l^eav'n, the last is whirl'd 
Below the regions of the D^th«r world. 
Around our pole the Sfky Dragon ^idcs, 
And like a winding stream, the Bears divides--* 
The less and greater, who by Fate^s decree 
Abhor to dtv« bei*eatli the northern sea. 
Tliece, a^ they say, perpetual night 'w found 
In silence broodii^ on th* unhappy ground i 
Or, when Aurora leates our northern sphere. 
She lights the downwand heav'n, and rises there ; 
And, when on us she (wreathes the Ijfving light, 
Red Vesper kindles the«e the tapers ol' the ni^t. 
From hence uncertain seasons we may know : 
And when to teap the gmin, and when to sow ; 
Or when to fell the furzes: When 'tis meet 
To spread the flying canvass for the Beet, 
Observe what stars arise or disappear; 
',nd the four quarters of Ihe roUiog year. 
^ \it, when cold weather and conttuuM rain 
The labVing husband in his house restrain, . 
J^l him forecast his work with timely care: 
Which else is bulled, when tJie skies are fair: 
Then let hi»n mark the sheep^ or whet tlie shimn^ 

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^4 Gconuic I. 

Or hulkyw trees fyt boftts, dr number oV 
His sacks, or measure his increasing stord, 
Or shftrtien stakes, or,liead \he forks, or twint 
The sallow twigi to tie the straggling vme; 
Or wicker bftskeis weave, or air the com, 
Or grinded grain betwixt twd marbles turn. 
No laws, divine or human, ciin restrain. 
From necessary works the lab^rin^ swalti. 
tj'en holy day? ftnd feasts pennissidn yield 
To float the meadows, or to fbncd the'fidd. 
To fire the brambles, snare the birds, and ste«p 
In wholesotne waterfalls tb« wo6ly sheep. 
And oft the drudging ass is driven, with toil, 
, To neighboring towns wkh apples and with oA ; 
V Returning, late and laden, home with gairi 
VS>f bartered pitch, and handmills for the gruin. 
The lucky days, in each reviving moon, 
For labour choose t the fifth be sure to shun ; 
That gave the Furies and pale Pluto birtt:. 
And arm'd against the skies, the sons of earth. 
With mountains iril*d on mountains, thrice they strove 
To scale the steepy battlements of Jove j 
And thrice his lightning and red thunder play*d» 
And th^lr dentolishM work ha ruin hud. 
The seventh i9> next the tenth, the best to join 
Young oxen to the yoke, and plant the vine. 
Then, weavers, stretch your stays upon the weft. 
The ninth is good for travel, bad for theft. 
Some works in dead of night are better doiie^ 
Or when the morning dew prevents the sun. 
Parch*d meads and stubble mow by Phoebe*slignt, 
Which both require the coolness of the night ; 
I'^or, moistiue then abounds, and pearly rams 
Descend in silence to reftesh the plains. 
The wife and husband equally conspiri 
To work by night, and rake the wint^ fire ; 
He sharpens torches in the glhnm*rinf( room ; 
She shnntF the flying shuttle through the loom. 

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Or boil^ in kettles lYiutt ot winfe, tend skibs, 

With 1^ ves, the dregs that dvttGow the britrtfc : 

And, till the watchnd cock awakes the day, 

She sings to drive the tedious hours away. 

But, in warm weather, when the skies are dear, 

By daylight reip the product of the year; 

And in the sun your golden graifl display. 

And thrash it oiit and winnow it by day. 

Hough naked, swain, and naked sow the huod ; 

For lazy winter numbs tlie laboring hand. 

In jfenial winter, swains enjOy their store, 

Torget their hardships, and rferruit for more. 

The former to full howls invites bis friehds, 

And, what he got with pair.s, with pleasure spcndl. 

So i-ailors, when e^cap'd from stormy seas, 

First crown- their Viessels, then indulge their ease. 

Yet that's the proper time to thrash the Wood 

For mast of oak, your fiuher's homely food ; 

To gather laurd^berries, and the spoil 

Of bloody myrtles, and to toress youf oil : 

For stalking cranes to set tne guileful snare ; 

T' inclose the stags tn toils, and bunt the tat*; 

With Balearic slings, Or Gnossian bow, 

To persecuted frbm far the flying doe. 

Then, when the fleecy skies new cloth** Ae Wood, 

And cakes of rustling ice cOme rdllihg down thcs flt)6d. 

Now sing We STOtmy stars, when autumn w^ghs 
The year, and adds to nights, and shortefts dayt. 
And suns declining shine witll feeble rays: 
What cares miist then attend the foiling sivairt ; 
Or when the lowering spring, with lavish rain, 
Beats down the slender stem and bearded grain, * 
While yet the head is green, or, lightly swelPd 
With milky moisture, overlooks the field. 
E'en when the farmer, now secure of hitt. 
Sends in the swains to fspoil the finished year, 
I Vn whife ♦h*' nnaper fills his greedy hands. 
And binds the goldfn shcavpf \t\ brittle bandf. 

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76 ' OBORGIC I. 

Oft have I s«en a sudden storm arise, 
From all tlie warriti^ WiuM iliat sweep the gUeti 
The heavy harvest from the root is torn. 
And whirl'd aloft the lighter stubble borne; 
With such a force the flyin£ rack is driven. 
And such a winter wears the ^e of heav'u. 
And oft whole sl)eets descend of sluicy rain, 
Suck'd by the spongy clouds from oflf tlie mam: 
The lofty skies, at once come pouring down. 
The promised crou^ and golden labours drown. 

[ The dikes are filrd ; and, with a roaring sound, 

I The rising rivers float the nether ground ; 

I And rocks the bellowing voice of boiling seas rebound 
The fatlier ot tlie gods his glory shrouds, 

I Involv'd in tempests, and a night of clouds ; 

) And, from the middle darkness flashing out, 
By fits he deals hlsflery bolls about 
Earth feels tlie motions of her angry god ; 
f ier entrails tremble, and her mountains nod ; 
And flying beasts in forests seek abode: 
Deep horror seizes ev*ry human breast; 
Their pride is bumbled, and their fear confessed. 
While he from high his rolling thunder throws, 
And fii'es the mountains with repeated blows: 
The rocks are ^m their old foujidations rent; 
The winds redouble, and the rains augment : 
The waves on heaps are dashVl against the shore ; 
And now the woods, and now the billows, roar. 
In fear of this, observe the starry sign^ 
W^here Satum houses, and where Hermes joins^ 
But first to heaven tliy due devotions pay, 
And annual gifts ou Ceres* altars lay. 
When winter^s rage abates, when cheerful hours 
Awake the spring, the spring awakes the flowers. 
On thd green turf thy careless limbs display, 
And celebrate the mighty Motlier's day: 
Vot then the hills with pleasing shades are crowned 
A nd sleeps nre sweeter on the silken ground 

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<»EOHGIC I. 77 

With milder beams Uie sun sareiiely shines: 
Fat at'e tlie laiubs, nnd lUi^ioiis are the wines. 
[^t ev'ry vwsLitt adore her|X)w*r divine. 
And milk and hon^ mix with sparklhi? wine: 
Lei all the choir of clowns attend tlie «lwm-, 
III long procession, sliouting as they go ; 
Invoking her to bless tiieir yearly stores, 
Invoking plenty to tlieir crowded floors. 
Thub in the spnng, and thns in summer*8 beat, 
Before the sickles touch the ripening wheat, 
On Ceres call; and let tiie laboring hind 
With oaken wreaths his hollow ten?5>les bind : 
On Ceres lei him caU, and Ceres praise, 
With uncouth dances, and with country lays. 

And that byioertain signs we may presage 
Pf heats and rains, and wind's impeiuou» rage, 
The sovereign of the heav'ns has set on high 
The nHX>n, to inark the changes of the sky ; 
When southern blasts filiould ease, and when the swain 
SItould near their fold his feeding flocks restrain. 
For, ere the rising winds begin to roar. 
The working seas advance to wash the shore: 
Soft whispers run along the leafy woods ; 
And moutttaini whistle to the murm'ring flood*. 
£*en U^en tlie doubtful billows scarce abstain 
From the tossed vessel on the troubled main ; 
Whencsying coifniorants forsake the sea, 
And, stretching to the covert, wing their n^ay ; 
When sportful coot^ nui skimin ing o'er the strand 
When watchful heron*^ leave their wat'ry stand, 
And, mounting upward with erected fli^h^ 
Gain on the vkies, and soar above the sight 
And oft, before tempestuous winds arise, 
T ie seeming stars fall headlong from the skies. 
And, shootkigthnxigh the darkness, gild tlie night 
With sweetring ^ories, and long trails of light ; 
And chaflf with eddy-winds is w hi/I'd arolind, 
And dancing leaves are lifted / nnn tlie ground ; 

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And floating feathers on the w»t«r»4ili|y^ 
But, when the winged thunder takes hib ««&> 
From the cold north, and east and west engag«^ 
And at their frontiers meet with equal raget 
Tlie clouds are crushM : a glut of gathered rain 
The hollow ditches fills, and floats the plain ; 
And sailors furl their dropping sheets aunaiu. 
Wet weather seldom hurts the most unwise; 

/^u plain the signs, such prophets are tlie skiea. 

^ I'he wary craneforeseesit ^rst, and sails 
Above the storm, 9j>d leaves the lowly vslea: 
The cow looks up, and from afar caa find 
The change of heaven, and snuffii it In the wind t 
The swallow tJums the river^s watery face: 
The frogs renew the croaks of their loquacious fac« 
The careful ant her secret cell forsakes, 
And drags her eggs along the narrow tradts: 
At either horn the rainhow drinks the flood: 
Huge flocks of rising rooks forsake tlieir food. 
And, crying, seek the shelter of the wood. 
Besides, the several sorts of waOry fowls, 
That swim the seas or haunt the standing pQDl>» 
The swans that sail along the silver flood* 
And dive with stretching necks to search their food 
Then lave their backs with sprinkling dews m vaiil^ 
And stem the stream to meet the prouiiSrM ralxi. 
The crow with clamVous cries the show'r doinantl^ 
And single stalks along the desert sands. 
The nightly virgin, while her wheel she plita 
Foresees the storm impending in the sluo% 
V When sparkling lamps their sputtering light adTaoMt 
\^nd in the sockets oUy bubbles dance. 
Then, after showers, 'tis easy to descfjr 
Returning suns and a serener sky: 
The stars shine smarter; and the Bfioonadomir 
As with unborrowed beams, her sbarpeaVl bomtb 
The filmy gossamer now flits no more, 
Nor halcyons bask on the short suony \ 

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oEUHGic I. 79 

Their litter is not toss>'d by sows uncleau ; 
But a blue droughty mist descends upon the plam i 
And owls, that in»rk tlie seuing sun, declare 
\ star-light evening, and a morning fair. 
row'rino aloft avenging iXisus flies, 
While, darM, below the guilty Scvlla lies. 
Wherever frighted Scylla flies away, 
Swift Nisus follows, and pursues his prey 
Where injured Nisus takes his airy course. 
Thence trembling Scylla flies, and shuns his force, 
This punishment pursues th' unhappy maid, " ' . 

And thus the purple hair is dearly paid : ' '"•'* ^^ 

Then, thrice the ravens rend the liquid air, ' * '**- ', 

And croaking notes proclaim the settled fair. * " ' ' 
Thsniround their airy palaces they fly, ''''■' '' ; 

To greet the sun; and, seiz'd with secret joy, '''' ' ''' i 
Wlien storms are overblown, with food repair ' *' ' ',. 
To their forsaken nests, and callow rare. '" '" ' ^l 

Not that I think their breasts with heav'niy souls '' 

Inspir'd, as man, who destiny controls. '% 

Bui with the cl.angeful temper of the skies, ' ' '^ 

A«! rains condense, and sunshine rarifies, 
So turn the species in their alterM minds, *■ ' ' 

'Jompos'd by calms and discoinpos'd by winds ' 
From henre proceeds the bird's harmonious voice ; . 
t rem hence the cows exult, and frisking lambs reioic'^','J 
Observe the daily circle of the sun, '>A'^^ . 

And the short year of each revolving moon -. ' '' "' *' 
By them thou shalt foresee the following dayj '' . 

Nor shall a starry night thy hopes betray. '" * 

When first the moon appears, if tlien she shrouds 
Her silver crescent Uppa with sable clouds, • ' ' 

Conclude die bodes ^ tempest on the main. 
And brews for fields impetuous floods of rain. 
Or, if her fiice with fiery flushipg glow, 
Exi)ect the rAttling winffs aloft to Slow. ^ ' 
git, four nights old, (for that'? the surest sign) 
With 8harp*h^d horns if glorious then she shiii«. 

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Next day, nor only that, but all tlie moon, 

'Till her revolving race be wholly run, 

Are void of tempests, both by land and sea; 

And sailors in tlie port their promised vow sliall pay. 

Above the rest, tlie sun who never lies. 

Foretells the change of weather in tiie skies: 

For, if he rise unwilling to his race, 

Clouds on his brow, and spots upon his face. 

Or if through mists he shoots bis sullen beams, 

Frugal of light, in loose and straggling streams. 

Suspect a dritoling day, with southern rain, 

Fatal to fruits and flocks, and promised grain. 

Or, if Aurora, with Iralf openM eyes. 

And a pale sickly cheek, salute the skies. 

How shall the vine, with tender leaves, defend 

Her teeming clusters, when tlie storms descend. 

When ridgy roof^ and tiles can scarce avail 

fo bar the ruin of the rattling hail? 

But more than all, the setting sun survey, 

When down the steep of heav*n he drives the dayi 

For oft we find him nnishing his race. 

With various colours erring on his face. 

if fiery red his glowing globe descends. 

High winds and furious tempests he portends: 

But, if his cheeks are swoln with livid blue, 

He bodes wet leather by bis wat*ry hue: 

[f dusky spots are varied on his brow, 

And strcakM with red, a troubled colour show, 

That sullen mixture sliall at once declare 

Winds, ram, and storms, and elemental war. 

What desp'rate madman then would venture o'er 

The frith, or haul his cables from the shore ? 

But, if with purple rays he brings the light. 

And a pure heaven reigns to quiet night. 

No rising winds, x>r ialHng storms are nigh ; 

But northern bfeczes through the forests fif, 

And drive the rack, and purge the ruffled sky. 

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OEORGfC f. Jll 

TV unerring sun by certain sigsfi declarei 

What the late ev*n or eariy mom prepare^i . ; f/ 

And when the south proyecu a stormy day. 

And when thecleiMing north will puS the clouds awajx. 

The 8UH fevealg -the secrets of the sky ; 
And who^aie8'giv«the 8(»i»ce of li&bt the lie? 
The change of ^ ew p lregoften he d^ares* i 
Fierce tumolts, hidden tieasoos^ qsen wacs. . 
He first the iateof Cessar did £m eteH, 
And pitied Rome, when Rome in G»sar fall 4 
(fl iron cloudseonceal'd the publio light ; 
And impious mortals' feared eternal night. 

Nor was the liMif fbneioid by hkn alone: 
Nature derself stood forth and seconded the suji. 
Earth, air, and seas* with pradigits weie $ign*d v ^ 
And birds obieene, and howling tdogSi«livin'd< 
What rocks did .^tna's bellowtng momh 4p(pice . 
FrDm her torn entrails! and what i<K|d$ of fire t 
What clanks were heard^ in German skies, of^jtr, . , , „ 
Of arms and armies, jusliing to «he wax I ( . . . 
Dire eartflr[«r^0B rent the solid Alps below* f 

And from their summits sbookr tb' etem«4 snow : ^ . j 
Pale spectres in thr close of night wei^ seen,; 
And Toiees lieard of mere.than mortal ineA« 
111 silent groi^; dumb sheep and aum spoken 
A nd streams ran baokurard y and their h&as forsook . 
The yawning eanit^distiSo^dtb'.ahyss of heU; . 
The weeping statues did 'die wars nvsteU ; 
Aad holy swest from biasen i^ois Ml 
Then, rising in his might,- the: king of, fioods 
Rushed through the forest, tore itheiofi^. woods, , 
And, rolliitg'onwardy with a sweef^sw^^ . 
Bore houses, herds, and laboring iiinds aw4y« 
Blood sprang ft^ai wells vwi^^rhowiM in towui by 

ralght, .< ... 

An4 bodkig victims i^tfaeipritste affcigM' 
9^uch peals of tliutfdec.iiexerpouicMfrek»4)igli» 
Mor rbrky light^nings fiashM from such a sulJeii skt. 

vau 1. a 

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8fi OfiOROIC I. 

Red meteors ran licross tiie etbcrial spaof*; 
Stars disappear^, and comets took tn«jr plaice. 
For this tn* Cmathian plains once moie were stro«ir*d 
With Roman bodies, and iust heav*n tfaou^t good 
To fatten twice those fieldfs with Roman t&oc^ 
Then, after length of time, the lab'rifis $wftii4f. 
Who turn the turfs of these unhaapy piaiqs. 
Shall nisty pWts from the plougfa'd lurcowf isk^ 
And over empty helmets pass thexaken-r 
Amaz'd at antique titles on the stones, 
And mighty relics of gigantic boaee. 

Ye home-bom deities of mortal birth ! 
Thou fother Romulus, and mother £artl^ 
Goddess unmoved ! whose guardian arms e^tteitd* 
0*er Tuscan Tiber's course^ andBoman tpjjv'rs 4fifyad i 
With jouthfbl €cs«r 3rQur joint powVs tnicigey 
Nor hinder him to save the sinkiag nge. 
O! letttie blood, already epilt, atone 
For the past crimes of cuist Laomedou i 
Heav'n wants thee there : and long the godf, we Imiow, 
Have grudg*d thee, C»sar,-ie the world below. 
Where fraud and rapine right and wrotig opnfound, 
Where impious amw from ev'ry part re^ouo^* 
And monstrous crimes in ev^iy shape are cmwn'd' 
The peaceful peasant to the wars is pressed f 
ThP fields lie falk>w in inglorious rest ; 
The plain ri^ pasture to the flock alMs; 
The crooked seythes are etraighien'd vtto sw^dsi 
And there Euphrates her «A offspring anni» 
And here the Rhine r^)ellows.with alarms ( 
The neighb^riilig titles range ou several sides, 
Perfidious Mare kmg f^hted- leagges divide^^ 
And o*er the wastod workl in triumph rides. 
So four fierce toursers,- starting to tfaie <nice« 
Scour through the plain, and lengthen every pace ; 
Nor reins, nor ctitt«, nor tlinat*lnnig eriet» tl^y (tm 
But force alMig the trembling eharioteer. 

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OEORGic. n. 


Tke fohjeet of tfc« foWamimg lM«lr^it ylaatipg j to bMdlinc •! 
which arpuinent. Um poetaliowa all Ihe different metboils o/ 
ffusing^ trees, deftcribes their variety, and i^ives niles for th« 
mao^fODPfiA pi* eAcfi id particular. Be then poicti out th« 
aoiU i^ ivhich the several plants thrive best, aud thenee tdtel 
occutionto t\m out into the praises of !ta)y ; fefttlriwhieb, b« 
fives some directiooi to* d^^verinf jIm 9mtun o{.»«f rr MuiK 
presciibes nlas ferdrei$ii^ of TMea, oli|ref»i4(e. aod cook 
elude* the ^^eoff io vrUk a pfttsfy rip oo n cofioUy lift. 

I HUS Atr of tillagt, and ef heav^i^ signt ; 
Now sing, mjr Muse, the ^iKmnix of gen'fovt vtnf^ 
The shady groves, 4Jieiwdbdlaod.pngv»iyv 
And the dow product of Mmfinra'f tree. 

Greai fatlitr BBi!Gfau8l to«n^ long lepiiir; 
For clustVing grapes are thy pnculinr Gsxe : , i 

For thee lacj^ tnmcheeloid toe bending vin^i 
And thd lasit Mesfdngeetf the year are tbioe, . . . 
To thee his joys Ac joHy AuttiiDn owes, 
When the fermemtini; jtncetht TBI o'erAxw^ 
Come, strip with me, mygod! eome drench all o>i 
Thy limbs in must of wine, end dxink atf v*ry ppra, 

Some trees their binh lo bounteous natiire ow^a { 
For some, without the pains of planling,jTQ«v» • . 
With osiers thus the brniks-of i»rQoks abound,) 
Spnmg fitmi the wathry geniuii of 4be gieuaJdU . . 
From the same prineiples gray wiUo«»n«« 
Herculean fplar, and the lender broom. 

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But 9onw!, from seeds inclosM in earth arise ; 
For thus the inastfu) chebtiuit mates the skies. 
i4ence rise the braitchiiig beech and vocal oak, 
Where. Jove of old oracuiously spoke. 
Some from the root a rising wood disclose : 
Thus elms, and thus the ravage cherry grows: 
Thus tlie green bay, tliai lyinds the pobt's bmws, 
Shoots, and is sheltered by the mother's boughs, 

These ways of pianiiu^ .Nature did unia.n, 
For trees and shrubs, knd all the sylvan reigu. 
Others there are, by late ettjieriencd found, 
iSoine Cut the shoots, and plant m furrowed ground ; 
Some cover rooted stalks m deeper mould ; 
Some, cloven-stakes ; and (wond'rous to behold !) 
Their sbarpen^d ends in earth their footuig place ; 
And the diy poles psoduce a living rare ; 
Snme bow their vines, which buri^ m the plain ; 
Their tops In distant arches rise again. 
Others no root require ; <the laborer cuts 
Voung slips, and m the so>l securely puts. 
Ev*n stumps Of olives, bar^d of leaves, and dead, 
Revive, and ofl redeem their wither^ head. 
'Tis Ubual now an inmate graflf to see 
With insolence invtfde a foreign tree: 
Thus pears and quinces IVo^.'iheorabtree eome; 
And tiuia the rea^y contei bears the phim. 

Then let the leam««d gard'ner mark with care 
The kmds of stntiks, an<t what those kinds will bear ; 
£xplore the nattive^f eaeh several tree, - 
And, kn^un, ti\^for« wit*i artful mdnstTy ? 
A nd'M no 9p«f t)f i?lle earthbefound ; 
But Cultivate ^ genius of i lie ground : 
For open tsmtfrns wdt Bacchus please: 
Tat>urnuK h>ves the shade of olive-trees 

The vinues of the' several soils I sing.—* 
^txecellas, now thy nee^iil soecoar bring ! 
O thou, thftt»6ttAr part of my renown, 
Inspire thy poet, and thy potivi crown t 

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Embark with me, while I new tracts explore, 

With flyuig sails and bieeses from tlie shore t 

Not that my song in such a scanty space. 

So la^ a subject fully can embrace — 

Not though i were suimlied with iron lungs, 

A bundr^ mouths, fiU*d vc ith as man v tongue* 

But steer my vessel with a steady hand. 

And coast along the shore in s^ht of land. 

Nor will I tire thy patience with a train 

Of prefiice, or what ancient poets feign. 

The trees which of themselves advance in air. 

Are baneRJumls, but 8ttx}ugly built and foir. 

Because the vigour of the native earth 

Maintains the plant, and makes a manly birth. 

Yet these, recetymg graiis of otlier kind, 

Or thence transplanted, change their savage a,uuI^ 

Their wildness lose, and^ t^iiittmg nature's pifrt. 

Obey the rules and disciphne of art. 

The same do trees, that, sprung from barren ronu. 

In open fields transplanted bear their fruits. 

For, where they grow, the natwe energy. 

Turns all into lli^ substance of the tiree. 

Starves and destioys the liruit, is only made 

For brawny bulk, and for a barren shade. 

The plant that shoots from seed, a sullen tme. 

At leisure grows, for late posterity ; 

The generous flavour lost, the fruits decay. 

And favage grapes are made the bird^s ignoble phf 

Much labour is required in trees, to tame 

Their wild disorder, and in ranks reclaim. 

Well must the ground tie diggVl, and better drest'd, 

New soil to make, and inelioratc the rust. 

Old stakes of olive trees in plants revive 

By the same method I'aphiun myrtles live . ' 

But nobler vines by propagation thrive. 

From roots hard hazjsls, and from cions rise. 

Tall ash, and taller oak that mates the skies ; 

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9^ OKonatc ti. 

Palm, |joplai» fir, *leseending ftom the steep- 
or hills, to tfy the dangers of tte deep. 
The ihin-leav'd avbute haisehgraflb recehret; 
And planes huge apples bear, that bore but' leanret. 
Thus niastful beech the bristly chestnut beavs, 
And the wild ash n white u ith hhxnntijgjDeartb 
And greedy swine from gmfted eltne sve red 
With falling acorns, that on oaks are bred. 

But various are the ways to change the state 
Of plants, to bud, to gmff, t* kioroikite. 
For, where the tender rinds of trees discloar 
Their shooting gemsi, a swelling knot there gtowtr* 
.lust in that space a narrow dit we make; 
Then other buds from bearing trees we take ; 
Inserted thus, the woimded rind we close^ 
In whose moist womb th* admitted infant gmri^ 
But, when the smoother bole from knots is freCi 
We make a deep incision in the tree. 
And in. the solid wood the slip inclose; 
The battening bastard shoots agahi and pryvts*^ 
And in short space the laden IxHigbs arise, 
With happy fruit advancing to the skies. 
The motner ]:^nt admires me leaves unknown 
Of alien trees, and apples not her own. 

Of vegetable woods are variousildnda ; 
And the same species aoe of sevcoad maixls. 
Lotes, willows, 9hns» have different forms itQow'd ; 
So fufi^ral cypress, rising like a shroud. 
Fat olive trees of sundry sorts appear, 
Of sundry shapes: their tinctknis berrmrbcitf* 
Badii Ipng olives, orchites round produce, 
And bitter pausia, pounded for the juice. 
Alcinous* orchard various apples hears: 
Unlike are burgamots and pounder pears; 
Nor our Italian vines produce the shape, 
Or taste, or flavour of^the Lesbian grape. 
'^^a Thasian vines in richer soils abound ; 
7 ht5 Mareotic grow in barren groimd. 

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Thft t^ythi&u grt^p^ we <^: lA^n Juic« 
Will stammVing t£(ngde&fihid st^riMfoiit {KftkluieW 
iRaih ripe-aM seni^, and toinc of later Kind, 
Of goloao sonnn, ahd soirfe of purple nnd. 
How shall I jAwaise the Rlieetian grape diTine; 
Which yet conicends not with Federnian wine f 
Th' Arroinian many a consulship sarvt^ei. 
And longer tliad the Lydian vintage live8» 
Or hi^h i^hanaeus, king o( CMan growth : 
But, lor kii^e quantittes aiid lasting, bothi 
The less AfgiVis bears the prise away, 
The lUiodian, sacred to thfi solemn day^ 
In second services is pour'd to Jove, 
And best aGce[>ted bv tb^ gods above. 
Nor must BUhiasitis his old honours losi, 
. la length and largeness like the dugs of C6Wil 
i pass the rest, whose ev'ry race, and namd, 
And kinds, are less material to my theme ; 
Which, who would learn, as sobn may tell the sandif » 
Driv'n by the western wind on Libyan lands\ 
Or number, when the l^st*ring Eurus roai^ 
Tlie billows beating on Ionian shores. 

Nor ev'ry plant on ev'ry soil will grow : 
The sallow foves the watery ground arid low; 
The marshes, alders: Nature seems t* ditlaiii 
The rocky Cliff for the wild ash's leign^ 
The bal^lti! yew to northern tdasts assigntt^ 
To shores the myrtles^ and to modnt^ the r'taiOk, 

Regard ihe extiemCst cultivated coast, 
From hot Anabia to the Scythian fifosl: 
All sorts of trees their several countries know ; 
Black ebon o^ly wiH in India grow, ^ 

And odorous fmnkincento on the Sabaeari bdug^ 
Balm slowly trickles thro' the bteeding vaint 
Of happy shrubs in Idumtean plains. 
Tlie green Egyptian thorn, for med'cine gaod* 
With ^thioj^* noary trees and woolly wood» 

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f/et others teU; and how the Seres spin 
Th^f Hoecy 6^518 in a slondor tvf'me ; 
With mighty trunks of ti*ees on Indian shores. 
Whose height ahove the featherM arrow soars, 
Shot irom the toughest bow, and, by the brawu 
Of expert archers with vast vigour drawn. 
Sharp tasted citrons Median cunies produce, 
(Bitter tiie rind, but generous is the juice) 
A cordial t'ruit, a present antidote 
Against the direful stepdame's deadly draughty 
Who, mixing wicHed weeds with words impure, 
The fate of envied orphans would procure. 
Large is the plant, and like a laurel grows* 
And, did it not a diff'rent scent disclose, 
A laurel were : the fragrant flower contemn 
The stormy wind, tenacious of their stem. 
With this, the Medes to labVit>g age bequeatli 
New lun{^s, and cure the sourness of the breath. 
But neither Median woods, (a plenteous land) 
Fair Ganges, Hennus rolling ^Iden sand, 
Nor Bactria, Qor the richer Indian fields, 
Nor all the gummy stores Arabia yields. 
Nor an^ foreign earth of greater name, 
f -an with sweet Italy contend in feme. 
iVo bulls, whose nostrils breathe a living flame. 
Have tuniM our turf; no teeth of serpents here 
I Were sown, s^ft armed host and iron crop to bear. 
But fruitfiil vines, and the fat olivets freight. 
And harvests heavy with their fruitful weight. 
Adorn our fields; and on the cheerful gxeeu 
The grazing flocks and lowing herds are seen. 
The warrior horse, here bred, is taught to train: 
There Roffa Clitumnus through the flow'ry plain, 
Whose waves, for triumphs after prosperous war, 
The victim ox, and snowy slieep prepare. 
Perpetual sprmg our happy climate sees: 
Twjce breed the cattie, and twice bear the trees ; 
And sununer suns reccie by slow degrees. 

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Out land it from the rage of tigers freed, 
Kor nourishes the lion*s angry seed ; 
Nor pois'nous aconite is here produc*d, 
Or grows uuXnown, or is, when known, refund i > 
Nor in so vast a length our serpents glide, 
Or rais'd on such a spinr volume ride. 

Next add our cities of illustrious name. 
Their costly labour, and stupendous fiame ; 
Our forts on steepy hills, that fax below 
See wanton streams in winding valleys ilow ; 
Our twofold seas, that, washing either side, 
A rich recruit of foreign stores provide; 
Our spacious lakes ; thee, Larius, first; and next 
Benacus, with tempestuous billows vex*d. 
Or shall I praise thy ports, or mention make 
Of the vatt mound that binds the Lucrine lake f 
Or the disdainful sea, that, shut from thence, 
Roars round the structure, and invades the fenee. 
There, where secure the Julian waters glide, 
Or where Averhus' jaws admit the Tyrriiene tide? 
Our quarries deep in earth, were fam'd'of old 
For veins of silver, and ihr ore of gold. 
Th' inhabitants themselves their country grace: 
Hence rose the Marsian and SabelKan race, 
Strong limbed and stout, and to the warfr 2ndln*d« 
And bard I^rians, ^ laborious kind. 
And Volcians arm*d with iron-headied dajrtft. 
Besides— an offspring of undaunted heaits— 
The Decii, Marii, great Cai^illus, cimie 
li^rom hence, and greater Sripto's double namei, 
And mighty Ciesar, whose victorious anus 
To forthest Asia can^ fierce alarms. 
Avert unwariike Indians from his Rome, 
Triumph abroad, secure our peace at home. 

Hail, sweet Saturnian soil : of fruitf^il gram 
Great parent, greater of illustrious men ! 
For thee my tuneful ar,ce«»t8 will I raise; 
And treat of arts disc.los'd in ancient days. 

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HI otcottuic tt. 

Oiice more unlock for Uwe-the saqred jpria|^ 
And olii Ascnpan vevm in Roman citiM tih^ 

The nature of tim oev'rtil soils now sea 
Their strength, their lioloyry their fertility : 
And first for heilh, andbtMrren biUy git)und» ^ 
Where meagre clay afl4 flinty stones abound, 
Wh.erc the poor soil all eueconr seemi to want^- 
Yet this suffioet the Palladian plftnL 
Undoubted signs- of such a- sou are found \ 
For here wild oUiFe-sboots overspread the ground. 
And heaps of ber«iea 8U«w the fields arounct 
But, where the satt« w\tb fiut'ning moisture fill d» 
(s clothM wllbgrastf and fruitful to be UU'd, 
Such At in che^ul vales V;e view tmn high. 
Which drippins xooks with rolling streams supply. 
And feed with 4XNie ; where rising lullocks tm 
In length, and open to the southmi sun ; 
Where 'feim succeeds* ungrateful to the nlough~- 
That gentle ground to |en*M>us grajies allow. 
Strong stocks of vines u will in time producai . 
And overflow the vats with friendly juice^ 
Such as our priests in gulden goblets pour 
To gods, the giv«rs of the ch^rful hour. 
Then when the floated Tvscaii blows his horn, 
And reeking.fftitrails are m chargers borne. 

If herds or fleecy flocks be naore thy care, 
Or goats that g^rase th« field«^and bum it bai«, 
Then seek Tarentam's lawv^ and furthest coast. 
Or such a field as JiapIess^iMntua lostv 
Where silv«c swans sail down the wat*xy road* 
And grate the floating herbage of the floipd 
There crystal streams perpetual tenor keep^ 
Nor food nor springs ase wi^ng to tby.fihee|); 
For, what the day devours^ the nighliy dew 
Shall to the mom in pearly drops renew. 
Fat crumbling earth is fitter for the plough. 
Putrid and loose above^ and black below \ 

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For pldughkig it an iink«liro^toil« 

RemnbliDg nMM9 in An easy Mil* 

No land for seed like thi»{ do fii4d*afS^ 

So lante an iueoQie |o tbeTHlngfi loid» 

No toying teams fiKMii hnrvesMaboar «oaa 

So late at ni&lit, soJieaTy-laden honiei. 

The like of foiest land is umlerstoed, 

Fron? whence tiie suirly pleu^^ifiMHi giru^ the wood« 

Which had for length of age* kUa etoad. 

Then birde forsake the niin* of ihair feat« 

And,ilyinf fkmi their nests, their aalloar yomif l wr gac 

The coane lean gravel, on the raeuatahiHtidfei 

Scarce dewy bev'ra^ for tha beei provides ; 

Nor chalk nor crumbliug stones the food of smd it e. 

That work in boUow earth ibeir winding «raeks^ 

The soil exhaling clouds of whtXite dews» 

Imbibing moisture whioh with ease she spews^ 

Which rusts not ii:on, and whose mould is dean. 

Well cloth'd wilh ebeerfiil |ra88« and ever sraeti, 

Is good for oliyesf and asptr<ig vines^ 

Elmhracing husband-eUn* in am'ious twine»t 

Is At for feeding oattle> fit t» sow. 

And equal to th» pasture and the plough. 

Such is the soil or fat Campaniad fieloft; 

Such large iDCseaea Iha land that joine Viesuviui yields , 

And such a ceanliy could Aciisrta'boasti 

Till Clanius overflowed the imhapf^ coast. 

I teach t|M#iiextthe ditf*ring soils tivknow. 
The light for vines, the heavier for the. plough. 
Choose Ant a f^oe for sueh a puspose fits - 
There dig the eoli4 earth and sank « pit; 
Next fill tha^hole with its ow»eaith i^n. 
And trample with thy Ihet and -tread H in: 
Then, if it hse not to the fonnar height 
Of superfine, eanclude that toil is li^il» 
A proper ground for pastiiras> And vines* 
But, if the sullen earth, «o |^es^d,^»epiMM 

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>t oi&oii^ft; II. 

Within its native mansidn to retire, 
And stays without, a heap t^ heavy mire, 
*Tis good for ttra^iler, a glebe that asks 
Touffh teams of oxen, abJ laborious tasks. 

Ssut earth And "bHter are not fit To tow, 
Noi will be tam'rf and mended by the pk>ugh. 
Sweet grapes de^en^rate there ; and fruits,'d 
From their firit na>\ous taste, renounce their kind 
This truth by sure experiment is tried: 
Kor first an osier colahfler provide 
Of x^f Chick witMig;ht (such toiling ])ea8ant8 tvlrme, 
When iht& straight passages they strain their wine:) 
in this close ves^ pace that earth accurs'd. 
But Mfdlsriniful with wholesume water first ; 
Then run it thitiugh t the drops will rope around, 
And, by the bitter taste, disclose the ground. 
The fatter earth by handling we may find, 
With ease distinguished from the meagre kind* 
Poor soil will crumble into duit ; the rich 
Will »o the fingers cleave like clammy pitch": 
Moist earth produces Corn and grass, but both 
Too rank and too luxuriant in their growth. 
Let not my land so lar^ a promise l^ast. 
Lest the rank eai?9 in length' *f stem be lost. 
The iieavier earth ts by h*r weight Iwtray'd. 
The lighter in the poisittg hand is weigh'd. 
*'i*is easy to iflMingirish by the sight 
The coloirrof 'tlM soil, and black from wbHa. 
But the cold gtbund is difficult to know ; 
Yet this the i^ants, that prosper there, will sh^* 
lilack ivy, pitch-^trees, and the baleftil yew. 
Tliese rules conrfderM weW. with eaity care 
The vineyard de^iuM for thy vines prepare: ' 
Hut. 1 >iig Iwfore the niaittiwg. dig'the groond, 
With furrows deep that cast a rising momid. 
The clods, exposM to winter wfiids, will bake; 
For piitrtd eiirth"WiK best the v'uieyards take ; ' 

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0EOR6I0 II ^3 

And Imsiy frosts, alter ths panfiil toil 
Oi delviiiK hinds, will rot the niellow soil. 

Some peasants, not t' omit .the udxsl care. 
Of the same soil their nurseiy^ixiepare, 
With that of their plantatiuo ; lest the tree. 
Translated, should not with ibe soil agree. 
Besuie, to plant it as it wa^ ahe> fuark 
The heaven's four quarters oo the. tender bark. 
And t» the north w south Kstove^he side, 
V\ hich at their birth did heat or oold abide: 
So strong is custom ; such «fiecUoen use 
In tender souls of pliant plants produce. 

Cboosifcnexta province for ^ vineyard's mtga. 
On hills abov«,^or in the lowly plain. 
If fertile fieldaor vall^s be.thy.pboic«. 
Plant thkk : ior bounteous Bacclius wiU rejoioe 
In close plantatioiis there t but if the vine 
On rismg ground be flae'd, or bills supine* 
Extend thy kiose batsaifaons iasg^ly wide. 
Opening thy ranks and files 4)n eitl^r side. 
But marshalled all in order as theyjtand; 
And let no soldier straggle from his hand. 
As legions in^he field their from display. 
To try the fortune of some doubtful day. 
And move to meet their foes with sober pace, 
Strict to their figuiv, though i» wider space. 
Before the battle join^ while from'B&v . i . . 

The held vet glitters with the pomp of war, . . 
And eqm\ Mars, like an impartial lotd, 
I eaveb all to iottune, and the dint of . sword— » 
So let thy vines m iniervalS'be «el, • - 

But not their otiral difecipliue forget & - 
huiut^e their widdi, and add a vooniy spacti, 
I'ha^ their extreinest iinee masr^soarce cmhrkceic 
Nor Uii« alone to iiKiulge a vain delight, > 
And make a pleasing proepeci*for tl^ tight: 
But, for the grouiid itself, ihitoiify way. 
Can equal vigour to tha pfaints eoov^, [f^^ 

Which, crowded, want the room, their branches to dis> 

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§4 atcoROic ii> 

How deep they must b» fdaattd^ woukUit thqu kiiCM ^ 
In shallow furrowii vioee securely grow. 
Not so the rpst of plants; for Jove's own troe, 
That holds the woods iu aw&l sov'reignty» 
Requires a di^h of lodging in the ground^ 
And f next the lower skies^ a. bed profound : 
High as his topmost bouglis to heav'n ascend, 
So low his roots to hell's dominions tend. 
Therefore, nor winds, not winter's ragie o'erthsowc 
His bulimy body; but uninov'd be grows: 
For length of ages lasts, liis happy reign ; 
And lives of mortal man contend in vain. 
Full in the midst of bis own stcengtb be standi!- 
Stretching his brawny arras, and loafy Mnds ; 
His shade protects the plains; bis head the bills 

The hurtful baaiel in thy vineyanishua; 
Nor plant it to Deceive the jetting sun ; 
Nor break the topmost braacbes from the tree; 
Nor prune, with blunted knife, the progeny. 
Root up wild olives &om thy labouc'd lands ; • - 
For sparkling !ue« firom hind!s unwai^ bands, . 
(s often scatter!d o'er their unctuous rinds, . 
And after spread abroad by raging winds: 
For first the smould'ring flaeae tbo trunk reoeivas.; 
Ascending thencOf it crackles in the leaves ; 
At length victorious to tlie top a^ires. 
Involving alltbo wood in sinokT nres ; 
But most, when ckiven by winds, th» fiaming sifirai 
Of the .oug destroys tbofbeautoous fcrai. 
In ashes then th' unhappy vini^ard iias; 
Nor will the blasted plants fuom ruin rise ; 
Nor will the wither*a stock be green again ;. 
But the wild olive shoots, and slides th' ungrateful plaiu 
Be not seduc'd wuli wisdom's emp^ sl^ows, 
To stir the peaceful giound. when poreas |>k>ws« 
When winter frosts ccostmin the field with cold. 
The ia)nty root can take no steady bsM, 

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But, wlMn the fi>l^ •^ing is¥tftbite yvut 
And the white bird i>eturp8, wbdm eerpents feftr, 
That seiiWB -de^iQ the best \o phut iliy vines : 
Next tlifi^ is wA^ii MtiHnnal tv«mtb declines. 
Ere heat is quite dee«jrM or cold bc^un, 
Orrapriooru«4«r>tts ite frioier sun. 

The spring adorns the woods,- fenenrs the ienress 
The worob ^ ewtb the g^ial seed recces: 
For then Almighi^ Jove descends, and pours 
Into his b^xom bnde his fimitlijl sbow*rs ; 
And, mi^^ h^ leige Uwbs wkb hers, 1m feeds 
Her biiths with lund)y juiee^ and festers teeim^^ pecdti. 
Then joyous birds frequent tlielonely ^mve. 
And beasts, by nature etung««enew: their lore^ 
Then fields the tiades eC baried com discloM ; 
And, w)iile the balmy western spirit blows; 
ICarth to the biseath her bosora dares expose. • - 
With kindly moisiare theii tke plants abouitd ; 
The grass securely epniigs above the ^rouud ; 
The tender twig shoots iipward to tba skie^, 
And on the A^th of the new sun rtU / to . 
The swerving vines on ^^ taU elms prevail .- 
Unhurt by southern showers or northern haiU 
They spread tbaip feiue, the genial waraHh tu share^ 
A nd' boldy trust their buds tn open air. 
In this flof^ season (let me dare to sidg) 
The world was haVDh'd by heaven's tmperial k\a^ 
In prime of iaU the year, aud boly-daya of springJ^ 
Then did the new oreaiien first appear; 
Nor other was tiie tenor^- the year* 
When laughing heav*n did the great birth attend. 
And eastern winds #)eir wintry bnsath ruspend: 
Then sheep first saw the sun laopen fields ; 
And savage beasts weie-sent to stock the wilds ; 
And golden stars iew vi^ to light the skies 4 
And man's ielent)ef^ mee finm^tony quarries riaa 
Nor couid (he tender naw cie«ti«» bear 
Tb* excessive heats or coldness o€ tlie year. 

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Hut, diiird by winter, or by sumincr fir'd, 
The middle temper of the spring required, 
When warmth and moisture did at once abound, 
And heaven's indulgerice brooded on the ground. 

For what remains, in depth of earth secure 
Thy covered plants, mad dung with hot manure; 
And shelb and gravel in the ground enclose ; 
l«'or through their hollow chinks the water flows, 
Which, thus imbib'd, returns in misty dews. 
And, steaming up, the rising plant renews. 
Some husbandmen, of late, have f^und the way, 
A tiiUy heap of stones above to lay. 
And press the plants with shards of potter^s tAtLf. 
This fence agamst immoderate raintney found,* 
Or, when tl»e Dog-star cleaves the thirsty ground; 

Be mindful, when thou hast en(nm*d the shOot, 
With store of earth around to feed the root ; 
With iron teeth of rakes and prongs, to move 
The crusted earth, and loosen it at)0ve. 
Then exercise thy sturdy steers to- plough 
Betwixt thy vines, and teach the feeble row 
To mount on reeds, and wands, and, upward led. 
On ashen poles to raise tkeir forky head. 
On these new erutchee let them learn to walk. 
Till, swerving upwards with a stronger stalk, 
They brave the winds, and, clinging to their giiide 
On tops of elms at length triumphant ride. 
But, in their U'uder nonage, whi4e they spread 
Their springing leifyes, and lift their infkflt head, 
And upward while they shoot in op«it air, 
indulge their childhood, anti the nurslings spare ; 
Nor exercise thy rage 'on new4)orn life : 
Nor let tliy hand sMpply the prunhig knife, 
Au<i crop luxuriant slragj^te/s, nor be loth 
To strip the brantlies oftlieir leaff gfowtti. 
Uut, w\\m the rooted vines^ with ^ttdidy hokt, 
<'an clasp their ehna, tliaiv« knsbandtiien, be bold 

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To lop the disobedient bougb?, that staid 

Beyond their ranks: let crooked steel inv4ae 

The lawless tny^s, which discipline disclaim. 

And their supermious growth with rigour tame. 

Next, fencM with hec^es and deep ditches rounds 

Exclude th* encroaching cattle from thy ground 

While yet the tender gems but just appear, 

Unable to sustain th* uncertain year ; 

Whose leaves aro not alone foul winter^s prey. 

Rut oft bgr summer suns ara scorchM away. 

And worse than both, become th* unworthy browse 

Of buffiuoesr sakgoats, and hungry cows. 

For not Decembers frost that burns the boughs. 

Nor dos-days* parching heat that sfdits the rocks, 

Are half so harmful as .the,greedy £lpck«, 

Their venomM bite, and scars indented mi the stocks . 

For this, the male£akctar goat was laid 

On Bacchus* altar, and his forfeit pai^. 

At Athens thus old comedy, J^egan, 

When round the streets the. reeling actors ran. 

In coun^ viUa§ss,and crossing ways, , . 

Contendii^ for the prizes of their plays ; 

And, glad with Bacchus, on the, grassy soil, 

LeapM o*er the skins of goats besraearM with oil. 

Thus Roman youth, derived from ruin'd Troy, 

In rude Satumiaa rhymes express then: joy : . 

With taunts, aiul laughter loud, their audipnce please 

Deformed witb vizards, cut from barks of trees : 

In jolly hymns Ahey praise the god of wine. 

Whose earlbea images adorn the pine. 

And there are hung on higi^in honour of the vine. 

A madness so devout the vineyard fills : 

In hollow vallevsand on rising hills. 

On whatever skie he turns his honest face. 

And dances in the wind, those £elds are in his graces 

To Bacchus theieibre let us tu^e our la^s. 

And in our mother tongue resound his praise. 

VOL. I. 7 

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^ Aoile^e ft. 

Thin cakes in cli^krget^ euld A guilty ^sal^ 

Drag§'d by the tioms, be to hifr aUiim braoglift;. 

Whose offerM entratlft shall hit eirlffi0 i»]WOttih' 

Aud drip their ikVnesd froiTt tho tAkol btoasb^ 

To dress thy vinesj new labour ii iteqakM-; 

Nor must the painful hi'sbiMdniMi te^tirM; 

For thrice at teast* in eOndpass ^ ttae year* 

Thy vinevard must empk^ ih» stunfy stettr 

To turn the glebe^ b^siiW thy d^iy pam 

To break the clods, and ttiadM the suHaee pkrai 

T' unload the bi^nehes^ or ftw toavM to tUmv 

That suck the vital moisture of the vine. 

Thus in a circle rUnft the peasiint^i pain^ 

And the year roU# within itsi^ a^aui^ 

E'en in the lowest moutlM) when stoitna hav» she<l 

From vines the hah^ honoun o( their MMd. 

Not then the grudging hind his kboor teffisi 

But to the coining year his care eaueoflfc 

E'eu then the naked vine he petsecutit; 

His pruning kniib at once reionne and euti* 

Be first to dig the ground : be first to borli 

The branches lopp^ ; and first the pnitov tetmn 

Into thy bouse that bore the burdeh'd tiiies< 

But last to reap the vintage of thy wiMea 

Twice in the yeat luxuriant leaves o^cvBhad^ 

The encumberd vine; rough bnMmbfeM tsnse inVtfle 

Hard labour both I^-Connniead the {feU^^eaoeae 

Of spacious vineyards ; cuUivaae fhv lesi 

Besides, in woods the shrabti ef piiekl^ th»nt 

Sallows and reeds on beinks of rivers bomft^ 

Remain to cut— 'for vineyards useful fabn^ 

To stay thy vines, and feri<^ tky tr&mM ^gnmm^ 

Nay, when thy tender trees At length ase beund ;. 

When peaceKil vines from |^[«ning-hoolB •!• firtt 

When husbands have surve^^d thelaxt d^^ntt 

A nd utmost files of pJants, ttnd- oideir*d ^rv^iy *fee 

E'en when they sing at ease' in MIL cohtent 

Insiiituig o'er the tolls they underwent. 

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Yet still they fiiid a Aitur* task lomaio. 
To turn the soil, and break the clod»a^aiu; 
And, after all, their pys are insincert 
While falling rains on ripanipg grapes Vaty fear. 
Quite opposite to these &re olives found : 
No dressing they require, and dread no wourtd, 
Nor rakes nor harrows need { but &x'd below, 
Rejoice in open air, aiul uoooncem^dly grow. 
The soil itseif due nourishment supphest 
Plough but the furrows, and tlie firuita arise. 
Content with «nall endeavoursv tiU they springk 
Soft peaoe tb«ty figure, and sweet plenty bring; 
Then olives plant, and hymo^ te ralUkt ffingi 

TIius apple-trees, whose trunks are strong ti» bear 
Their spreading bougbst exert themselvaa in air. 
Want no supp^, but stand secune alone. 
Not trusting tonrign forces^ but their own. 
Till with theruddyfreight the bending biPatieKcagKMut. 

Thus trees of nature* and eaefa comoMn bitsH, 
Uncultiyated thrive, and with red berries blush. 
Wild^ shrubs are shorn for browse t the towViog liet^ 
Of unctuous trees are totches for theas^ht. 
And shall we doubt, (indulging easy doiht) 
To sow, to set, and to reform their grt>wU) ? 
To leave the lofty plants--the lowly- lia^ 
Are for the shepherd or the sheep dcftigp^d, 
E*en humble brooeo and osiers mrra their vst. 
And shade for sheep, and food for flocks produce; 
Hedges for com» and hoaey for the bees, 
Besides the pleaaiw prospect of the trees* 
How goodfy looks CyCKHis, ever green 
With boxen groves ! with what delight are seen 
Narycian WMtds of piteh, whose gloomy i<hacie 
^eems for retreat of h««v'nly Muses made ! 
Hut much more pleasing are tljose fields to see. 
That need not ploughs, nor huii>aa ii^.diratry 
E'en cold Caucasian rocks with trees are spread, 
A id wear green forests on tlieir hilly heari 

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Though bending fifoin the blast of eastprn storms, 
Tho' slient tiieir leaves, and shatterM are their arms, 
Yet heav'n their various plants for use designs— 
For houses, cedars — and, for shipping, pin^ss — 
Cypress provides for spokes and wheels of wains. 
And all for keels of- ships, that scour the waf rv plains. 
Willows in twigs are fruitful, e^nis in leaves. 
The war, from stubborn myrtle, shafts receives * 
From cornels, javelins ; and the tougher yew 
Receives the bending figure of a bow. 
Nor box, nor Ihnes without their use are made, 
Smooth grain'd, and proper for the turner's trade.: 
Which curioas hands may carve, and steel with eas^e 

Light alder stems the PoV impetuous tide. 
And bees in hollow oaks their honey hide. 
Now balance with these gifts, the fumy joys 
Of wine, attended with eternal noise. 
Wine u]^*d to lawless lust the Centaurs' train: 
Thro' wino they quanel'd, and thro^ wine were slaia. 

O happy, if he knew his happy state, 
The swain, who, firee from bus'ness and debate, 

* Receives his easy food from Nature's hand, 
And just returns of cultivated land ! 

^ No palace, with a lofty gate, he wants, 
T' admit the tides of «a»ly visitants. 
With eager eyes devouring as they pass. 
The breathing figures of Corinthian braiss. 
No statues threaten, from high pedestals ; 
No Persian arras hides his homely wails. 
With antic vests, which, through their shady fold, 
Betray the streaks of ill-dissembled gold : 
He boasts no wool, whose native white is dy^d 
With purple poison of Assyrian pride: 
No costly drugs of Araby defile. 
With foreign scents, the sweetness of his uiii 
But easy quiet, a secure retreat, 
A harmless life that knows not how to cheat 

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With home-bred plenty, the rich owner bless ; 
And rural pleasures crown his happiness. 
(JnvexM with quarrels, undisturbed with noise, 
The country kin§ his peaceful realm enjoys — 
Cool grots, and living lakes, the flow'ry pnde 
Of meads, and streams that through tlie valley glide 
And shady groves that ea^ sleep invite, 
And, after toilsome days, a soft repose at night 
Wild beasts of nature in his woods abound ; 
And youth, of labour patient, plough the ground, 
Inur'd to hardship, and to homely fare. 
Nor venerable age is wanting there, 
In great examples to the youthful train; 
Noir are the gods ador'd with rites profane. 
From hence Astraea took her flight ; and here 
The prints of her departing stepa appear. 

Ye sacred Muses ! with whose beauty fir*d, 
Mv soul is ravish'd, and my Iwrain inspired— 
Whose priest I am, whose holy fillets wear- 
Would you your poet's first petition hear; 
Give me the ways of wandVing stars to know. 
The depihs of heav'n above, and earth below : 
Teach me the various labours of the moon. 
And whence proceed th' eclipses of the sun ; 
Why flowing tides prevail upon the main. 
And in what daik recess they ^rink again ; 
What shakes the solid earth ; what cause delayi 
Thelummer nights, and shortens w'mier days. 
But, if my heavy blood restrain tlie flight 
Of my free soul, aspiring to the height 
Of nature, and unclouded fields of light — 

I My next desire is, void of care and strife. 
To lead a soft, secure, inglorious life — 
A country cottage near a crystal flood, 
A winding valley, and a lofty wood. 
Some god conduct me to the sacred shades, 
Where Bacchanals are sung by Spartan maids, 

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Or lift me hig!i to Haemiis' hilly crown, 
Or in the plains of Tempe lay me down. 
Or leiid me to some solitary place, 
And cover my retreat from human race. 

p^ Happy the man, who, studjring Nature's lawt, 

I Through known effects can trace the secret caui»* 

f His mind, possessing in a quiet state, 
Fearless of-Fortune, and resigned to Fate ! 

I And happy too is he, who decks the bow'rs 
Of Syirans, «nd adores the rural pow'iB — 
Whose mind, unmov'd, the bribes of courts can jee^ 
Their glitt'ring baits, and j^urple slavery — 
Nor hopes the people's praise, nor fears their fr6wi.. 
Nor, when contending kindred tear the crown, 
Will set up one, or pull another down. 

Without concern he hears, but hears from fer, 
Of tumults, and descents, and distant war; 
Nor with a superstitious fear is awM, 
For whatbefims at home, or what abroad. 
Nor envies he the rich their heapy store, 
Nor his own peace disturbs with pity for the pooi; 
He feeds on iruits, which, of their own accordi 
The willing ground and laden trees afford. 
From his lov'd home no lucre him can draw ; 

I The senate's mad d^rees he never saw ; 

iJ^r heard, at bawling bars, corrupted law. 
borne to the seas, and son^e to camps, resort, 
And some with impudence invade the court, 
fn foreign countries, others seek renown ; 
With wars and taxes, others waste their own. 
And houses burn, and household gods deface, 
To drink in bowls which gliit'ring gems enchase, 
To loll on couches, rich with citron steds. 
And lay their guilty limbs on Tyrian beds. 
This wretch in earth entombs his golden ore, 
Hov'ring and bitwding on his buried store. 
Some patriot fools to popular praise aspire 
Of oublic speeches, which worse fools admirt, 

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While, fhrni J^b foeMBtif «, w'^ le^oiiblwl spua4s. 

Some, thiQush aii)L>»liw», w Uimugli U)irs( of x^UI, 
Have slain their Uipothecy, or thm' country solo. 
And, leaviqg 4h^ir 3weQ( hovmitimfiyiM rw» 
To laiKJ^i ihftt JUe b«i}^«th fwiote nwi. 

The peasant, imiPOf iM Pf »Il ihf £» iJUfi» 
With crooked pl|»|i|gh« ti» ^rtile )Wmv MU«t 
And the round f$9X H^JUi (te^y i«tewr ^Us: 
And hence ;tti$i t^umtfy ma^km %(9 fuppUf 4 : 
Knough remains ^jf MwD^Noid «Jhmve ^m^ 
His wife apd l^fifMr 6h^)4«An lo ^«j^mA»> 
And gratef^Jljr 19 imi^ Win diiinli U9^vmi.URi«. 
Nor cc^asQ jiu^ MMtf» iii4l ti» ysW^Md . 
A full reiun^^ I^MmM h»iy§$t |r»eW^ 
A crop so plent^)piM»^t^9 ^M»^ 10 kwl, 
Overcome the ^qm^i^ WftTDK, W»44»d»fl» xkJft^fim 
Thus ev']^ s^er^i ««iiwn i» wipko^'iit 
Some ;|fi0iit ^9 ifiA, m<^ fPIP? i» f««9 m^'4* 
Tiie yeai^#v«» tp««vM^ t^ fpci^{i«f yfftn 
The laded twmihB i^wf (ruilfr io Mitwm^ h^fir ^ 
*Tis then the v^uff her iiauid hfUryeH yiel^ff 
BakM in Um ms^W oT^Ac^B^iQg Ml()9* 
The winter cofne^i imkI tW ihe idling ihm^ 
For greedy s\me pr<^^(jles ^, iMl m>aK: 
Then olives, ground in mills, their ratness boasty 
And winter mjits are mellow^ by the frOst. 
His cares are eas^d with intervals of bliss ; 
His little children climbing for a kiss, 
Welcome their father's late return at night . 
His foithful bed is crownM with chaste delight 
His kine with swelling udders ready stand. 
And, lowing for the pail, invite the milker's hand. 
His wanton kids, with budding horns piepar'd 
Fi^bt harmless battles in his homely yard: 
Himself, in rustic pomp, on holy-daya 
To rural powVs a just oblation pays. 
And on the vreen hi* ^arolAsa Uu\b& displays. 

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The heanh is in the midst: the herdsmen round 

The cheerful fire, provoke his health in goblets crown'd 

He calls on Bacchus, and propounds tlie prize : 

The sroom his Mow groom at buts defies, 

And beuds his bow, and levels with his eyes. 

Or, stript for wrestling, smears his limbs with oil. 

And watches, with a trip, his foe to IbiL 

Such was the life the frugal Sabines )ed : 

So Remus and his brother god were bred« 

From whom th' austere Etrurian virtue rose ; 

And this rude life our homely fathers chose. 

Old Rome from ancha race derived her birth, 

(The seat of empiie, and the conquei'd earth) 

whicn now on eev'n high hills triumphant Migns, 

And in that compais all the world eontaim. 

Ere Saturn^B rebel sonHisurp'd the skies. 

When beasts were only dain for sacrifice. 

While peaceful Crete enioy'd her ancient lord, 

Ere sounding hferomers forged th* inhuman sword, 

Ere hollow drums were beat, before the breath 

Of brazen tmmpeis nmg the peals of death. 

The good old cod bis hunger did assuage 

With roots ani herbs, and gave the gcmten a§p». 

But, over-labour'^ with so umff a course, 

rris time to set at ease tlM smmung hona. 

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This book beg uis with Uie invoc^Uop of some rurm] deitief. aiH 
a compliment to Augustus : after which Vui^il directs himself 
to Mascenas, and enters on his subject. He lays down roles 
for the breeding and tnanai^ement of borsto, oxen, sheep, goats, 
and dogs ; and interweaves sevenl pleassnt deacriptions of 
a chariot-race, of the battleof the holbr of the fecee of love, 
and of the ScyUuaa wi#ter. la ^e latter part of the booh, 
he relates the diseases incident to cattle j a!ad cods with the 
description of a fatal murraiA that formerly raged among the 

1 HY fields, propUkxiB Pales, I whenrM; 
And sing thy nastuves in mo vulgar verse, 
Amphiysiao shepherd ! tiie hycmtM woods, 
Arcadians flow^iy plains, and [basing floods. 

All other themes, that oareloss minds invito* 
Are worn with use, unworthy me to write. 
Biisiris' altars, and the dire decrees 
Of hard Eurystbeus ev'ry reader seoti 
Hylas the boy, Latona's erring isle, 
And Pelops' iv*ry shoulder, and his tcnl 
For fair Hippodame, with all the rest 
Of Grecian tales, by poets are express'd. 
New ways I must attempt, my gnfvMing name 
To raise aloft, and wing my night to feme. 

I, first of Romans, shall in triumph come 
From con(iuerM Greece, and bring her trophies home, 
With foreifn spoils adorn my native place. 
And witli fdume^s palms mv Mantua grace. 

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106 OferOKiHC IIJ 

Of Parian f>.one a temple will I raise, 

Where the slow Mincius tliruugh the valley stray9» 

Where cooling streams invite the flocks to dnnk, 

And reeds defend the winding water^s brink. 

Ful) in the midst shall mighty Caesar stand, 

Hold ibe chief honpxjnv, «nd the dome command. 

Then I, conspicuous k my Vyuuuanwn, 

(Submitting to his godhead-injurenowny 

A hundred couriers fioom jtbAgQ9l ^ill drive: 

Fhe rival chariots in the tace sbs^strive. 

AU Greece $hall flock fitnn ftir,tny game»4« see: 

The whorlbat, aad the rapid race, maH be 

Reserved lor Casfic» and oidftinM by me. 

Myself, mkk olive eiowB^d, th^ ^^ will be»t. 

£*en new methsikB the piblie thouts 1 beiur« 

The passing paints, and the pemps appear. 

I to the temple will conduct the crew, 

The sacrifice, and sacrificers view. 

From thence return, attended with my train. 

Where the proud theatres disclose the sceue, 

Which interwMP0ii ftatDiM M9m Ia raiiOy 

And show the taimpb which tb^'ur shaipi^ (J|f;play9> 

High o*er the fats, in <elephaat apd gpld. 

The crowd ehall Oeaar'f la^n war li^ncAd : 

The Nile shaU flow benaiMiit and, on the side, 

His sbatterM atript on boaseD pillars ride. 

Next him Niphates, with invfHtecl urp* 

And dropping 8e<)9a, shall ii}« Armenia mourn ; 

And Asian cities in our triumph borne. 

With backward bows tlie I'arUuans shall be there, 

And, spurrirtg from the llgbti oeniess tbeir &ar. 

A double wreatk shaU enowe iJur C»saf 's brows — 

Two diff*Mnt trophies, from two diff ^ceut foes* 

Gurope with Afirie in bis ^nae 8h:ill joif) ; 

But neither fbors bk conquests shall 4;pn^e. 

I'lie i^uwk nafble there shall seoaa tp inov^ 

in breathing .staiucs* 90i Anvworf )w Jov^. 

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OEOftGIC 111. lOt 

Resembling berocs, xvhost ethereal rwit 

Is Jove himseif, and Csesar is the fruit 

Tros and his race the sculptor shall empljy » 

And he — tlie ^1 who btiitt the walls ot Troy. 

Envy herself at last, nown pale and dumb, 

( By CaesaY eombatted and orercome) 

Shall give her hands, and fear the curing snakes ^ 

Of lashing Furies, and the burning lakes ; 

Tlie pains of fomisbM Tantalus shall feel, 

And Sisyphusthat labours up the hiU 

The roinng ibck in vain ; and curst ixion's wiieeL 

Meantime we must pursue the sylvan lands, 
(Th' abode of nymphs) untotichM by former hands 
For such, Maecenas are thy hard commands. 
Without thee, nothing loAy can I sine. 
Come then, and 'with thyself, thy genius bring, 
With which inspired, 1 brook no dull delay *• 
Cithseron loudly calls me to ray way ; 
Thy hounds, TaygHus, open, and mirsue their prey. 
High Epidaurus urges on mv speea, 
Faai'd for his hiUs, and for his horses* breed : 
From hills and dales the cheerful cries rebound ; 
For Echo hunts along, and propagates the sound. 

A time will 6oine, when my maturer anise. 
In Csesai^s wars, a nobler tlieme shall choose, 
And through more ages bear tar sovereign's praise, 
Than have from ^ithon past to Caesar's days. 

The gen 'reus youth, wiio studious of the prlie, 
The race of running coursers mmltipHes, 
Or to the plough the Murdv buUook breeds [ceeds. 
May know that from the dam the worth of each pro- 
fhe mother-cow must wear a lowering look. 
Sour-headed, stmngly neck'd, to bear the yoke. 
Her double dew-lap £n>m her chin descends, 
And at her knees the pond'rous burdep ends. 
Long are her sides ana large ; her limbs are great , 
Rough are her ears, and broad her liorny feet 

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Her colour shining black, but flecked with whitt 
She tosses from the yoke ; provokes the fight : 
She rises in her gait, is free from fears, 
And in her face a bulPs resemblance bears: 
Her ample loreliead with a star is crowned ; 
And with her length of tail she sweeps tb» ground. 
The builds insult at four slie may sustain ; 
But, after ten, from nuptial rites refrain. 
Six seasons use, but then release the cow, 
Unfit for love, and for the laboring plou^. 

Now while their youth is fiUM )vith kmdly fire^ 
Submit thy females tp the lusty sire : 
Watch the quick motions of the frisking tail ; 
Then sei-ve their fuiy with tiie rusliing mala, 
Indulging pleasure lest tlie breed should iaiL ^ 

In youth alone, unhappy mortals live ; 
But, ah ! the mighty bliss is fugitive: 
Discoloured sickness, anxious labour, come, 
And age, and death*& inexorable doom. 

Yearly thy herds in vigour will impair 
Recruit and mend them with thy yearly care: 
Still propagate ; for still they fall away 
'Tis Drudence to prevent th' entire decay. 

Line diligence requires the courser's race. 
In early choice, and for a longer space. 
The colt, that for a stallion is designed, 
By sure presages shows his generous kind : 
Of able oody, sound of limb and wind. 
Upright he walks, on pasterns firm and straight ; 
His motions easy ; prancing in his gait ; 
The firet to load the way, to tempt the flood 
To pass the bridge unknown, nor fear the trembling 

Dauntless at empty noises; lofty neck*d ; 
Sharp-headed, barrel-bellied, broadly backed ; 
Brawny his chest, and deep ; his colour gray ; 
For beauty, dappled, or the brightest bay : 
Jaint white and dun will scarce the rearing pay. 

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ogonuic Iff. «09 

The ficnr courser when he heftrs from far 
The sprtghtly trumpets, and the shouts of war, 
Pricks up his ears ; and, trembling whh delight, 
Shifts place, and paws, and hopes the proniis'd (ight 
J On his right shoulder his thick mane reclinVl, 
I Ruffles at speed, and dances in the wind. 
/ His horny hoofs are jetty black and round ; 
( His chine is double ; starting with a bound 
p , He turns the turf, and shakes the solid ground. 
' I Fire from hit eyes, clouds from his nostrils flow : 
He bears his rider headlong on the foe* 

Such was the steed in Grecian poets iamM, 
Proud Cyllarus, by Spartan Pollux tam'd : 
Such coursers bore to fight the god of Thrace ; 
And such, Achilles, was thy warlike race. 
In such a shape, grim Saturn did restrain 
His heavenly limbs, and flowM with such a mane, 
When, half surprised, and fearing to be seen. 
The lecher gallopM from hiis jealous queen, 
Ran up the ridaesof the cocks amain, 
And with shrill neighings tillM the neighbVing plain. 

But, worn with years, \Vhen dire diseases come. 
Then hide his not ignoble age at home. 
In peace t* enjoy his former palms and pams; 
And gratefoHybe kind to his remains. 
For, when his blood no youthful spirits move. 
He langtitfliies and laboiirs in his love ; 
And, when the sprightly seed should swiftly come. 
Dribbling he drudges, and defirauds the womo. 
In vain he bums, like hasty stubble fires, 
And in himself, his former self requires. 
His age and cotiralge weigh ; nor those alone ; 
But note h!s fadier's virtues and his own : 
Observe, if lie disdains to yield the prize. 
Of loss impatient, proud of victories. 
» Hast thou behield, when from the goal they start, 
I The youthful charioteers with heaving heart 

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Rush to the raee; and pantinfi» scarcely beat 
Th' extremes of feverish hope and chilliug fear ; 
Stoop to the reins, and lasii with all their force? 
The flying chariot kindles in the course; 
And now alow, and now aloft they fly, 
As borne through air, aao seem to touch the skji. 
No stop, no stay : but cloyds of sand u'ise, 
SjDuni'd, and cast bsbckward on the followers' ey«t* 
The hindmost blows, the foam upon the first -. 
Such is the love of praise, aa honourable thirsL 

Bold Ericthonius was the first who joinM 
Four horses for itie rafid race designed, 
And o*er the dusty wheels presiding sate: 
The Lapithse, to ciiariots, add the state 
Of bits and bridles ; taught the steed to bouod» 
To run the ring, and trace the inazy round ^ 
To slop, to fly, the rules of war to know \ 
T' obey the rider, and to dare the foe. 

To choose a youthful steed with coura^ firM, 
To breed him, break tx'un, back him, are required 
Experi«nc*d masters ; and in sundry wayi« 
Their labours equal, and alike thehr praise. 
But, once again, the battered horse beware: 
The weak old utallion will deceive thy care. 
Though famous in his youth for force 2Mdapios4i 
Or was of Argos or Epirian breed, 
Or did from Neptune's raee, or from himeal^ pro- 

These things premised, when now the nuptial tUnf^ 
Approaches ^r the stately steed to climb, , 
With food enable him to nnake bis court ; 
Distend his chine, and pamper him for sport: , 
Feed him with herbs, whatever tliou canst find, 
Of gen'mus warmtli, and of salacious kind: 
Then water him, and (drinking wl>at he can) 
Encourage him to thirst again, with bran. 
Inplructed thus, produce him to the fair, 
And join in wedlock to the longing mare. 

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For, if tlie sire be ^inc, NT otit <lf CM6« 
He will be copied in his famish^) mte, 
And sink beneath the [>lea6k)g ta^k aesign^d 
(For all's too littte for tiie crav4i»g kttid.) 
As for the females, with in<Ui«tHoii« MKie 
Take down tMr nicttle; ke^ them lean and tiartt 
When conscious of their past jfteligbt, and keen 
To take the leap, and ptxvve the 8|iort againi 
Witli scanty nieasufe the» supply iLmit iood ; 
And, when athirst^ mstEatn them iroiD the flood ; 
Their bodies hHipise^ sink them when they mm ; 
And fry their melting mlHrfowia tkH^stui. 
Starve them, wMft* bame bepeath theii< buniei:i groatiy 
And winnow^a chaff by westere wiiid« is blowAt 
For fear the rankiMis»0f tlie swelling womb 
Should scant the patsaef^ and confine the foom ; 
Lest the fat furro««rft should the sense destroy 
Of genial lust, and dull the seatof jr»y. 
But let them sHok the seed with greedy fbrce^ 
And close involve the vigour of the horse. 

The male has done r thy <''are mu«i now pvdceed 
To teeming femalea, iM«d the proiTiis*d biteci 
First let them run at burge, and never know 
The taming yoke,^or draw the crookeei pJowght 
Let them not-Jeap the ditch, or ewim the flood, 
Or lumber o'er the meads, or cross the m'ood ? 
But range the fbreel« by the silrer side 
Of some cj9oi sAref^nv where Nature shall pnivi<i« 
Green grass, aM i^Mt-nin^xkiiver fbr their fare, 
And mosst cavera» i<ir trheit* noontide lak; 
\V ah locks ubovey to shiskl this sharp ftoetunift) air. 

About4)i' Albumian groves^ with h^ygf«en. 
Of winged inserts, ttughty Bwa«ms Are seen : 
This flying ,^a^e {U^. niark ite ^juiditji) 
(Estros the Grecians <>all~A€y'J*wv we-^ 
A fierce loud. buM4ngbree»e*—Tiicirf*ings draft folood 
And drive the cauls ^ding through the wood 
SeizM with Unusual pains, tliey loudly cry: 
Tmiascrus hastens thence, and leav» s'his channel dr>. 

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This curse the jealous Juno did invent, 
And first employed for T6*9 punishment. 
To shun this ill, the cunning leach ordeuns* 
In summer's sultry heats (for then it reigns,) 
To feed the females ere the sun arise, 
Or late at' night, when stars adorn the skies. 
When she has ealv'd, then set the dam asid*. 
And for the tender prc^ny provide. 
Distinguish all betimes with branding fire. 
To note the tribe, the lineage, and the sire ; • 
Whom to reserve for husband for the herd ; 
Or who shall be to saenfice preferred \ 
Or whom thou shalt to turn thy glebe allow. 
To smooth the turrowe, and sustain the plough t 
The rest, for whom no lot is yet decreed. 
May run in pastures, and at pleasure feed. 
The calf, by nature and by genius made 
To turn the glebe,breed to tt^ rural tirade. 
Set him betimes to school ; and let him be 
Instructed there in rules of husbandry. 
While yet his youth is flexible and green. 
Nor bad examples of the world has seen. 
Early begin the stubborn child to break ; 
For his soft neck, a supple collar make 
Of bending osiers ; and (with time and oara - 
InurM that easy servitude to bear) 
Thy flatt*ring method on the youtn pursue: • 
Join'd with his school-fellows by two and two. 
Persuade them first to lead an empty wheel. 
That scarce the dust can raise, or tliey can feeli 
In length of time produce the laboring yoke, 
And shining shares, that make the furrow smoke. 
Ere the licentious youth be thus restrained. 
Or moral precepts on their minds have gained, - 
Their wanton appetites not only feed 
With ddicates ot leaves, and marshy weed, 
But with thy sickle reap the rankest luid, 
And minister the blade with bounteous hand t 

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ofx>]iai€ iilk U3 

Nor be with harmfUl panimofiy won 
To follow what our homely sires have done, 
Who fillM the paU with beastingt of the cow ; 
But all her udoer to the calf allow. 

If to the warlike steed thy studies bend. 
Or for the pri«e in chariots lo contend, 
Near Pisa's flood the rapid wheels to gMide, 
Or in Olympian groves aloft to rid*, 
The generous labours of the coursers, first, 
Must be with sight of arms and sounds of mimpets 

nurs*d ; 
Inur'd the groaning axte'tree to bear ; 
And let him clashing whips in stables hear. 
Soothe him with praise, and make him understand 
The loud applauses of his master's hand : 
This, from his weaning,- let him well be taught ; 
And then betimev, In a soft snaffle wrought. 
Before his tender joints with nerves are knit. 
Untried in arms, and twmbling at the bit. 
But when to four foil springs his years advance, 
' Teach him to run the round, with pride to prance, 
And (rightly manag'd) equal time to beat. 
To turn, to bound an^ measure, and curvet 
Let him to this, with easy pains, be brought. 
And seem to labour, when he labours not. 
Thus formed for speed, he challenges the wind. 
And leaves the Scythian arrow for behind : 
He scours al^g the field, with loosened teins. 
And treads so light, be scarcely prints the plaiiit> ; 
Like Boreas in his race, when rushing forth, 
He sweeps the skies, and clears the cloudy north ; 
The waving harvest bends beneath his blast ; 
The forest shakes : the groves their honours cast ; 
He flies alott, and with impetuous roar 
Pursues the foaming surgos to the shore. ^^ 

Thus o'er th' Elcan plains, thy well-breath'd hone 
Impels the flying car, and wins the course. 
Or bred to Belgian wasons, leads the way, 
Untifd at night, and cheerful all the day. 

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il4 OEOROfC UI. 

When once he's brdwn, feed hkn full and high ; 
Indulge his growth, and his gaunt sides suppljr. 
Before his training, keep him poor and low ; 
For his stout stomach with his food will^ow: 
The pamperMxc^ will discipline disdain, 
Impatient of the lash, and restiff to the jeign. 
Wouldst thou their oourage and tbeirslvRiigih impiove t 
Too soon they must net feel the stingy €f I»va. 
Whether the bull or^sourser be thy cadra, 
Let him not leap the cow, or mount. the. majM. 
The youthful bull must wander in the wood. 
Behind the mountain or beyond the^flood. 
Or in the stall at home his fedderfinc^ 

^ Far from the charms of that alluring kind. 

" With two fair eyes his mistoess bums his bveast . 
He looks, and languishes, and leaves, his rest, 
Forsakes his food, and pining for the lass* 
U joyless of the grove, and spurns tbe|tfowii>g,gsas8 
The soft seducer, with lentieing looks, 
The bellowing rivalsto the fight provokes. 
A beauteous heifer in the wood is bred : 
The stooping waniors aiming head to head, 
Engage their clashing horns ; with dreadful souho 
The forest rattles, and the focks jebound. 
They fence, they posh, and, pushing, ioudly:roar: 
Their dew-laps and their aides are bajthM in goi-e. 
Nor, when the war is over, is it peace ; 
Nor will the vanquished bull his claim releaie^ 
But feeding in his breast his aneimit fires. 
And cuising fate, from his proud foe retires. 
Driven from his nathre land to foreign grounds. 
He with a gen'rous rage resents his wounds, 
His ignominious flight, the victor's' boast. 
And, more than both, the loves, which unrevteugtii i\e 
Often he turns his eyes, and, with a groan, [lost. 
Surveys the pleasing kingdoms, once. his owr. ; 
.\u(i therefore to repair his strength he tries, 
Mard'ning his limbs with painful^xercise ; 
And rough upon tlK^ flinty rock he lies. 

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OBOROtC »I. 11$ 

On pridUy' iMves and on ^arp herbs he feeds. 
Then to the prelude of a war proceeds. 
His horns, yetisore, he tries against a tiee, 
And meditatss<h}s absent enemy. 
He snuffs the wind ; his heels the sand excite; 
But, when he gtands collected in hivn^ight, 
He roars and piomises a mote successful fight. 
Then, to redeem his honour at ti Mow, 
He moves his caRn),to meet his careless foe. 
Not with more Madness, rolling from aifar, * 
The spumy waves prodaim the watery war, 
And mounting upwards, with a mighty roar, 
March onwards, and insuhthe rocky shore. 
They mate the fniddle «eeion with their height. 
And fall no less than with a mountain^ weight « 
The waters boil, and, belching, fiom below 
Black sands, %» ftom a ibreefi^ engine thfow. 

Thus ev'iy ci«a«we,-aiid of ev'ry kind, 
The secret joys of sweet coitk>n find. 
Not only man's imperial race, but th^ 
That wing the iMpiiclair, or swim the -sea, 
Or haunt the desert, rush into the flame: 
For love -is lord •efaU, and isin «i1i tiieiame. 

'Tis with thie rage, the motber^ion stung, 
Scours o'er the plain, jpegardless of her young : - 
Demanding rites of ilove, she seemly std[k% 
And hunts her lover in 4iis lonely waik» 
Tis then the shapelessbear his den ^rsafces; ^ 

In woods, and ^tds, a wild deetruction makes "' 
Boars whet their tusks ; to battle tigers move, 
EnragM with hunger, more enrag*d with love^ 
Then wototrhn, Ihaft, in the doMrtland 
Of Libya, travels o'er the huming sand ! 
The staDlon enuffs the wtfll known soeot aikr. 
And snoitsand trembles for the distant inaiet 
Nor bits nor bridles can his rage restrain ; 
And rugged 40cks^H« interpo^4 in vain< 

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He makes his way o*er mountains, and contemiu 
Unruly torrents, and unforded streams. 
The bristled boar, who feels the ploising wound. 
New erinds his arming tusks, and digs &e ground. 
The ueepy lecher shuts his little eyes ; 
A.bout his churning chaps the frothy bubbles rise: 
He rubs his sides against a tree ; [prepares 
And hardens both his shoulders ix the wars. 
What did the youth, when Love's unerring dart 
TransfixM his liver, and inflamM his heart? 
Alone, by night, his watery way he took : 
About him, and above, the billows broke: 
The sluices of the sky were open spread ; 
And rolling thunder rattled o'er his head. 
The rag'mg tenipest callM him back in vain. 
And ev*ry boding omen of the main : 
Nor could his kindred, nor the kindly Ibroe 
Of weeping parents, change his fiaitai course ; 
No, not the aying maid, who must deplore 
His floating carcass on the Sestian eboie. 

I pass the wftfs that spotted lynxes make 
With their fierce rivals for the female'e sake. 
The howlins wf^vei*, the mastiffii* am*>oufl rage ; 
When e'en me fearful stag dares for bis hind engage. 
But, far above the rest, the furious marfr,- 
Barir'd from the male, is fiantic with despair: 
For, when her pouting vent declanieher pain. 
She tears the harness^ and she rends the rem. 
For this, (when Venus save them rage and pow*r) 
Their master's mangled members they devour, 
Of love defrauded in their longmg hour. 
For love, they force through thickets of the wood, 
They climb the steepy hills, and vtem the floocL 

When, at the spring's approach, their marrow bums, 
(l<^or with the spnng ^ir genial wurmth returns) 
The mares to cii& of rugged rocks repair, 
Aud with wide nostrils souff the western airt 

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When ^woncl'rous to relate) the parent windt 

Without the stalliou pro{jagate& the kind. 

Then, fx'd with aiii'rous rage, they take their flight 

Thro* plains, and mount the hills' unequal height) 

Nor to the north, nor to the rising sun 

Nor southward to the raiiiy regions, run, 

But boring to the west, and hov'rinc there. 

With gaping mouths they draw prolific air, 

With which impregnate, from their groins they shed, 

A slimy juice, by false conoeption bred. 

The shepherd knows it well, and calls by name 

Hippomanes, to note the niuihcr's flame. 

This, gather'd in the planetary hour. 

With noxious weeds, and spellM with words of pow*r, 

Dire slepdames in the magic bowl infuse. 

And mix, for deadly draughts, the poisonous juire. 

But time is lost, which never will renew. 
While we too far the pleasing path pursue. 
Surveying nature with loo nice a view. 
I et this sutlice for herds : our following care 
Shall woolly flocks and sba^^ goats declare. 
Nor can I doubt what toil i musi be^ow. 
To raise my subject from a ground so low ; 
And the mean matter which my theme afiOords, 
T* embellish w^th maguiiicence of words. 
But the commanding muse my chariot guides, 
Which o'er the dubious cliff securely rides ; 
And pleasM 1 am, no beaten road to take. 
But first the way to new discoveries make. 

Now, sacred rales, in a lofty strain 
1 sing the rural honoui-s of thy reigo. 
First, with assiduous oare, firom winter keep, 
WeU-fodder'd in the stalls, thy tender sheep : 
Then spread with straw the bedding of thy &4d. 
With fern beneath, to *fend the bitter cold : 
That fice from gouts thou may'st preserve thy care. 
And clear from scabs, produc'd by freezing air. 

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118 GEOS^C Itl. 

Next let thy goats ofiiciously be nurs*d, 

And led to living streams, to quench their thirst, 

Feed thein with winter-browse ; and^ iur their latTy 

A cote, that opens to the south, prepare ; 

Where basking m the sunshine they may lie, 

A nd the short remnants of his heat enjoy. 

This during wjnter^s drisly reign be done, 

Till the new Ram receives the exalted sun ; 

For hbiry spats of equal profit are 

With woolly sheep, and ask an equal care. 

'Tis true, the fleece, when drunk with Tyrian juii:e 

U dearly sold : but not for needful use : 

For the salacious goat increases more. 

And twice as largely yields her milky store. 

The still distend^ udders never fail, 

Hut, when they seem exhausted, swell the pad. 

Meantime the pastor shears their hoar>' beards, 

And eases of uieir hairtlie loaden herns. 

Their cam^lots, warm in tents, the soldier hold, 

And shield the shiv'ring mariner ft-ona cold. 

On shrubs they browse, and, on the bleaky top 
Of rugged hills, the thorny bramble crop. 
Attended with their bleating kid8,th^ come 
At night, unasked, and mindful of their home ; 
And scarce their swelling bags the th.*-eBhold over^ 

So much the more thy diligence bectow 
In depth of winter to defend liie snow, 
By how much 1m» the tender helpless kind, 
For their own ills, can fit provision lind^ 
Then minister the browse with bounteous band ; 
And open let thy stacks all winter standi 
But, when the western winds with vital nowV 
Call forth the lender grass and budding dow% 
Then, at the last, produce in open air 
Both floeks; and send tliem to ilieir summer &re. 
Before the sun while Hesperus appears ; 
First let them sip from herbs the pearly tears 

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or inom'm^ dtfwrs, and after bmkk their fost 

On green-sward ground ^a cobl and grateful tastfr. 

But, whett the day's fourth hoar has drawn th* dews, 

And the sun'af sultry hecrt theii* thirst renews ; 

When creaking grasshopper^ on shrubs eomptahi. 

Then lead them to thek wat«ring-tit)ughs aj^in. 

In summer^s H«at^ some bending va31ey find, 

Clos'd from the sun, but open to the wind ; 

Or seek sOme ancient oak, whds^anns Extend 

in ample breads, tby catde to defend, 

Or solitary grove, or ^oomy^ghide, 

To shield tliem with its venerable shade. 

Once more to watering lead ; and feed again 

When the low sun is sinking to the main, 

When rising Cynthia sheds her silver dews, 

And the cool evening-breeee the meads renews. 

When linnets fill the woods #ith tuneflil soutfd, 

And hotlbw sitdres the hatcvon*^ voice i^Bbound*. 

Why should my muse enlarge on Libyatf stVaint, 
Their sca*tter*d cottages, and ample plains, 
Where oft the flock« without a leader stray, 
Or through continuM deceits tike their way, 
And, feeding, add the length of liight to day? 
Wliole mon^s they wander, grazing as they go; 
Nor folds, nor hospitable harbour know : 
Such ah extent of plains, so vast a space 
Of wilds unknown, and of untasted grass, 
Allures their eyes : the shepheitl last appears, 
And with him all his patrhnony bdars, 
Mis house and household god?, his trade of virarj 
His bow and quiver, stud his trusty cur. 
Thus, unifier heavy arms, the youth of Rome 
Their long laborious marches overcome, 
Cheerl^ their tfcdious travels undergo. 
And pitch tlieir sudden camp befbie the foe. 

N-)t so the Scythian shepherd tends his fold, 
N!*7 he who bears in Thrace the bitter cold. 

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Nor he who treads the bleak Meotian strand. 

Or where proud Ister rolls his yellow sand. 

Early they stall their flocks and herds ; for theiv 

No grass the fields, no leaves the forests, wear: 

I'he frozen earth lies buried there, below 

A hilly heap, sev'n cubits deep in snow : 

And all west allies of stormy Boreas blow. 

The sun from far peeps with a sickly foce, 

Tou weak, the clouds and mighty idgs to chasCf 

When up the skies he shoots his rosy bead. 

Or in the ruddy ocean seeks his bed. 

Swift rivers are with sudden ice constrained ; 

And studded wlieels are on its back sustain^, 

A hostiy now for wagons, which before 

Tall ships of burden on its bosom bore. 

I'ha brazen caldrons with the frosts are flawM ; 

The garments, stiff with ice, at hearths is thaw'd ; 

With axes first they cleave the vine ; and thence, 

By weight, the solid portions they dispense. 

From locks uncombed, and from the frozen beard. 

Long icicles depend, and crackling sounds are heard 

Meantime, perpetual sleet and drivhig snow 

Obscure the skies, and hang on herds below. 

The starving cattle perish in their stalls; 

Huge oxen stand endosM in wintiy walls 

Of snow congealed ; whole herds are buried there 

Of mighty stags, and scarce their horns appear. 

The dexterous huntsmen wounds not Uiese afar 

With shafts or darts, or maJ^es a distant war 

With dogs, or pitches toils to stop their ^gbt, 

But close engages in unequal fight ; 

And, while they strive in vain to make their way 

Through hills of snow, and pitifully bray, 

Assaults with dint of sword,or pointed spears, 

And homeward, on his back, the joyful burden bean. 

The men to subterranean caves retire, 

Secure from cold, and crowd the cheerful fire: 

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With trunks of elm^ and oaks the hearth they load, 
Nor tempt tb* inclemency of heaven abroad. 
Their jovial nights in frolics and in play 
They pass, to drive the tedious hours away ; 
And tneir cold stomachs with crownM goblets cheer 
Of windy cider, and of barmy beer. 
Such are the c(dd Rhipean race, and such 
The savage Scythian, and unwarlike Dutch, 
Where skins oi beasts the rude barbarians wear. 
The spoOs of foxes, and the ilirrybear. 

Is wool thy care ? Let not thy cattle go 
Where bushes aie, where burs and thistles grow ; 
Nor in too rank « pasture let them feed 
Then of the purest white select thy breed: 
lil'en though a snowy lam thou sbalt behdd. 
Prefer hiun not in baste, for husband to thy fold : 
But search his mouth ; and, if a swarthy tongue 
Is underneath his buratd palate hung. 
Reject him, lest he darkeo all the flock ; 
And substitute another from thy stock. 
*Twas thus, with fleeces milky white, (if we 
May trust report^ Fan, god of Arcady, 
Did bribe thee, Cynthia ; nor didst thou disdain. 
When call*d in woody shades, to cure a Inverts pain. 

If milk be t^ design, with plenteous hand 
Brine clover-grass; and from the marshy land 
Salt herbage for the IbddMng rack piovide; 
To fill their ba^ and swell the milky tide. 
These raise their thirst, and to the taste restore 
The savour of the salt, on which they fed before. 

Some, when the kids their dams too deeply drain, 
With gags and muzzles their soft mouths restrain. 
Their morning milk the peasants press at night; 
Their ev*Bing meal before the rising light, 
To market bear; oi- sparingly they steep 
With seasoning salt, -^nd stor'd for winter keep. 

Nor, last, foig^t thy faithful dogs : but feed 
With &tt*ning whey the mastiflf's gpn'rous I'reed, 

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A:kI Sj>artAn race, who, for the fold's relicfi 

V. ill fU;»siicu*4j with cries ilie nightly thief, 

Hepulsc the prowling wolf, and hold at bay 

The inouiuain-roblwre rushing to the prey. 

Willi cries of hpundss thou mav'st pursue the kim 

Of flying hares, and chaisff the' fellow deei», 

liouse from their deaert d^ns thB liristlfed in6g^ 

Of boars, and beamy stagft ib toils engage. 

With sinoke of huniing cedar sderitthy walls^ 

And fume with stinking gftlbanatn thy^ stalls^ 

With that rank odour from* (by dw^lmg-^aice 

To drive the viper's brood and'ntl the Ydnom'd r^tB : 

For often, under stalls unmov'd^ ^03^ Na^ 

Obscure in shades^ and shuirtiing h6a-v^*8'bMNLdeyer 

And snakes, fkmiiiat, to the hearth ^uceised, 

Disclose their eggs; and near thie ohitmit^ breed^ 

Whether to roofy bouse» they repair; 

Or sun themselves abroad in op^ aii\ 

In all abodes of pestilential kkid 

To sheep and oxen, and the padnftil hind* 

Take, shepherd, take a plant of stubborn oak^ 

And labour him with many a itturdy 6trok\»i 

Or with hard stohes demolish froin a(G^ 

His baiiughty crest, the seat of all the wai(; 

Invade his hissing throat, and Winding^lr^; 

Till, streteh'd in tongtb, th' unfolded foe^retirtS^. 

He drags his tail, and for faiff head providus. 

And in some secret cranny stowly glides; 

But leaves exposed toblows his back and bstt^d'^deii 

In fair Ccdabria's woods a snake ir br0d'^ 
W ith curling creet^ and with, advancing he»d : 
Waving he rollB,.and makes a Winding trkc^ ; 
His belly spotted, bnrnish'd is his baekv 
While springs are broken^ while liie southern aiff 
And dropping lieav'ns the nIoistenM «arth repftk, 
He lives on standing lakes and trembling bdgs. 
And fills his maw with fish, or with loquaciotis fVdgs J 

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(sBoiiaic nn l<i 

But when, in muddy pooTi, the water sinkB,'" 
And the chapteartli is fum>w*d o>r with ohinks^ 
He lev^tisd fime, and leapr u}3on the ground^ 
And, hiseingt roUs his glaring eyes amund. 
With tJHrst inflam'd^ impatient ef the heats, 
He rages in the fields, and wide destructiod thi^SUk 
Oh ! let not sleep my closing eyes invade 
In open plains, or in the secret siiade, 
When he, renew*d in all the speckled pride 
Of pompous youth, has cast his slough aside, 
And in his summer liv*ry rolls along. 
Erect, and bran'dishmg his ibrky tongue. 
Leaving his nest, and his imperfect young, 
And thoughtless of his eggs, forgets to rear 
The hopes of poison for the following year. 

The causes and the signs shall next be told, 
Of ev'ry sickness that infects the fold. 
A scabber' tetter on their pehs will stick, 
Whea 4he raw rain has pierc'd them to the qu'iek,' 
Or searching firosts have eaten through the gkib) 
Or burning icicles are lodg'd within r 
Or, when the fleece is sh(Mm, if sweat remaine 
Unwashed, and soaks intcyitietr empty veins; 
When their defenceless limbs the brembleB tear, 
Siiort of their wool, and naked ftoifi the shear. 

Good shcpberds, after shearing, drench their sheep ; 
And their flock's fotber (forcM ^om^hlgh toleap) 
Swims down^the stream, and plunges in the deep. 
They oint tlleh* naked limbs with mother'd oil ; 
Or, from the founts where living sulphur's boil, 
Thev mix a med'cine to foment their limbst, 
With scum that on the molten silver swims ; 
Fat pitch, and black bitumen, add to tbeM^ 
Besides the waxen labour of the bees, 
And hellebore, and squills deep rboted in the seaft 
Receipts abound; but, searching idl thy store, 
Thet>e9C id sdli at hand, to lance the sore. 

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And cut i\i€ head ; for, tUl the core be found. 
The secret vice is fed, and gathers ground. 
While, making fruitless moan, the sl^pherd standS) 
And, when the lancing knife requires his hands, 
Vain help, with idle pray'rs, fron) heav'n demands. 
Deep in their bones when fevers fix their s^it, 
And rack their limbs, and lick the vital beat 
The ready cure to cool the raging pain 
Is underneath the foot to bi-eathe a vein. 
This reYnedy the Scythian shepherds found a 
Th* inhabitants of Thracia^s hilly ground, 
And Gelons, use it, when for drink and food 
They mix their curdled milk with horses'* blood. 

But, where thou aeest a single sheep remain 
In shades aloof, or couch'd upon the plain. 
Or listlesslv to crop the tender grass, 
Or late to lag behind with truant pace ; 
Revenge the crime, and t^ke the traitor*shead. 
Ere in the faultless flock the dire contagion spread. 

On winter seas we fewer stormS^ behold, 
Than foul diseases that infect the fold. 
Nor do those ills on single bodies prey. 
But oft'ner bring the nation to decay, 
And sweep the present stock and foture hope away. 

A dire example of this truth appears, 
When, after such a length of rolling years. 
We see the naked Alps, and thin remains 
Of scattered cots, and yet unpeopled plains, 
Once fiird with grazing flocks, the shepherds* happy 

Here, from the vicious air and sickly ricies, 
A plague did on the dumb creation rise : 
During th* autumnal heats th* infection grew, 
Tame cattle and the beasts of nature dew, 
Pois*ning the stand'mg lakes, and pools impure ; 
Nor was the foodfol grass hi fields secure. 
Strange death ! for, when the thirsty fire had drunk 
Their vital blood, and the dry nerves were shrunk. 

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When the contracted limby weie cramp'd, e*en then 

A wat*rish humour sw«UM andooz'd again. 

Converting into bane the kindly juiee^ 

OrdainM by Nature for a better use. 

The victim ox, that was for altars prest, 

TrimmM with white ribbons, and with garlands drest. 

Sunk of himself, without the gods* command. 

Preventing the slow sacrificer*s hand. 

Or, by the holy butcher if he fell, 

Th* inspected entrails could no fates foretell : 

Nor, laid on altars, did pure flames arise ; 

But clouds of smouldering smoke forbad Uie sacrifice. 

Scarcely the knife was reddeuM witii his gore. 

Or the black poison 8tain*d the sandy floor. 

The thriven calves in meads their food forsake. 

And render their sweet souls before the plenteous rack. 

I'lie fowning dog runs mad ; the wheezmg swine 

With coughs is choked, and labours from the chine : , 

The victor horse, forgetful of his food. 

The palm renounces, and abhors the flood. 

He paws the ground ; and on his hanging ears 

A doubtful sweat in clammy drops appears: 

Parch'd is his hide^ and rugged are his h&irs. 

Such are the symptoms of the young disease ; 

But, in timers process, when his pains kicrease, 

He rolls bis mournful eyes: he deeply groatie 

With patient sobbing, and with msnfy moans. 

He heaves for breath ; whieh, fiom bk lungs supf4ie€'« 

And fetehM from far, distends his lab*ring side. 

To his rough palate his dry tongue succeeds: 

And ropy gore he from his nostril8<bleeds. 

A drench of wine has with success been us*d. 

And through a horn the gen'rous jukte infosM» 

Which, timely taken, opM his closing iaws, 

But, if too late, tl)e patient's -death did cause 

For the too vigorous dose too fiercely wrought^ 

And added fory to the strength it brought. 

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Recraited bito rage, he grifids hie, teeth 
In his own flesh, and feels approaching death. 
Ye eods, to better iate good men diepoiie, 
And turn tliat impious eri^or on our foes ! 

The steer, who to tiie yoke was bred tp bow, 
(Studious of tillage, and the crooked ploggh) 
Falls down and dies ; ami, dying, spews a Boo^ 
Of foamy madiiess,.niix*d with clotted blood. 
The clown, who, cursing Providence, repines, 
His mournful fellow firom the team disjoins,; 
With many a ffvoan fonakes his fruitier care 
And in th* lui&tisli'd Airrow leaves the share. 
The pining ^teer no shades «f lofty woods, 
Nor Bowery meads, csm eass* nor crystal floods 
RoUM fifom the nock : :his flabby flanks decrc^ase ; 
His eyes are settled in a stupid peace ; 
His bulk too weighty for his thighs is gvowin ; 
And his unwieldy Aeck hangs drooping down* 
Now what avails his weU-deserving toil 
To turn the glebe, or smooth the rugged spilf 
And yet he never supt in solemn state, 
(Nor undigested feasts did urge his fate) 
Nor day to ai^t luxuriously did joiu, 
Nor surfeited <on richCainpantan wine. 
Simple his beverage, homely was bis food. 
The wholeeomeiieTbage, and the running flood : 
No dreadfolidiaameawekM him witli apright: 
Hispains l^ day secur*^ biis vest at uiglvt. 

*Twa8 then that bufibkies, ill |»irM, were seea 
To draw the car of Jove*s imperial queen, 
For want of aauk ; aad thelab^nog swain 
Scratched, with fa^fake,a ^fow for his.gram< 
And covert with his hand, jihe shallow seed 9gaip. 
He yokes hiawelf, mad up 4he liilly height 
With his own shoulders, draws the wagon's weighjt. 

The niffbtlj wolf, that round -th' inclosure pxowrd 
To leap the teiice,Jiow plou not on the fold, 

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TamM with m Bbarper pain. The feacful doe. 

And flying stag, ainidst the greyhotiiids go, 

And round the dvreilitigs coain of man, tiieir fieicar (oe 

The scaly aaiione of the sea profound, 

Like shipwrecked carcases, are driv'n agroumi^ 

And mighty phocae, never seen before 

In sliallow streams, are stranded on the shore. 

The viper dead within her hole is found : 

Defenceless was the shelter of the ground. 

The water-snake, whom hsh and piddocks fed, 

With staring scales lies poisonM in his bed : 

To birds their native heavens contagimis prove : 

From clouds they fell, and leave their souls above. 

Besides, to change their pasture 'tis in vain. 
Or trust to phjrsic : physic is their bane. 
The learned leeches in despair depart, 
And shake their beads, desponding of their art. 

Tisiphone let loose from under ground. 
Majestically pale, now treads the round. 
Before her drives Diseases and, Affright, 
And ev*ry moment rises to the sight, 
Aspiring to the skies, encroaching on the light. 
The rivers, and their banks, and hills around. 
With lowings and with dying bleats resound. 
At length, she strikes a universal blow : 
To death at once whole herds of cattle go : 
Sheep, oxen, horses, fall ; and, heai>M on high. 
The diff' ring species in confusion lie. 
Till. warnM by frequent ills, the way they ft»und 
To lodge their loathsome carrion under ground ; 
For useless to the currier were their hides; 
Nor could their tainted flesh with ocean-tides 
Be freed from fiUh ; nor could A^llcR^ia^ flame 
The stench abolish, or the savour tame. 
Nor safely could they shear their fleecy store, 
(Made drunk with poisonous juice, and stifi" with gore) 
Or touch llie web: but, if the vest they wear 
Red blisters rising on their paps appear 

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128 ocoRoic in. 

A.nd flaming carbuncles, and noisome sweat, 
And clammy dews, that loathsome lice beg^ ; 
'TiU the slow-creeping evil eats bis way, 
Consumes the parching Umbs, and makes the lili» Mb 

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Vufil hat take* care to raise the subject of each Georgie. Ii 
the firat, he has onlj dead matter on which to iMroric. In th« 
second, he just steps on the world of Kfe, and Aewribcs that 
degree of it which is to be found in vegetables. Ln tha third. 
headTances to animals: and, in the last, he singlaaoat the 
bee, which maj be reckoned the most sai^aciotus of them, for 
his subject. 

In this Greoffgic, he shows us what station is most proper for the 
bees, and when they begin to gather honey : how to Call them 
home when they swarm : add how to part tfaettf When they 
are engaged in battle. From hence he take»oceMioa to dis- 
cover their difi^ot kinds: and, after an excursion, relates 
their prudent tand politic administration of affairs, and the 
general diseases thato(teii r^ge in their hives, with the proper 
symptoms and remedies of each disease. Ih the last place 
he lays down a method of repairing their kwd,supiM>8ui|f theii 
whole breed lost ; aad gives at large thehistoryoi its vr 

1 HE gifts of heav*9 my following song puJrsues, 
Aerial honey, and ambroual dewg. 
MsDcenas, read tl^s other part, that »n^s 
Embattled squadrons and advent*rou8 kin^s — 
A mighty pomp, thotish maae of little things. 
Thkk arms, tbeit artsj^ their manners, I discb^. 
And how they war, and whence the people rose. 
Slight is the subject, hot tbe praise not smalli^ 
If heav*n assist, and Phobus hear my call. 

First, for thy bees a quiet station find. 
And lodge then^ under povert of the wind 

V0K I. 9 

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(For winds, when hotneward they return, wiil drift 
The loaded carriers from tl^eir evening hiv«,j 
Far i'roiii the cows^ and soats' insulting crew, 
Tliat trample down I'le now*rs, and brush the dew. 
The painted lizard, aiid the birds of prey, 
Foes of the frugal khtd, be hx ftway<-« 
The titmouse, and the pecker's hungry brood. 
And Procne, with her botioia stainM in blood : 
These robthe trading citizens, and bear 
Tlie trembling captives through the liquid «i^ 
And Sat ibcir callow youiig a cruel fes^t pfepiH^. 
Rut n«At » livitmt sUream their mansion place, 
^gM mund with moss, and tufts oi raaued grasi»: 
And plant, (the wifid's impetuous rage tofttop) 
iVUd olive trees, or palms, before the busy sno^ ; 
That wh«(} the youthful prince, with proud atorHY, 
Calls out th* venturous colony to swaYm — 
Wlien first their way tlirough yieldii^ air tliey wi«% 
New to the pleadure&of their native sprmg-^ 
The banks of brooks may make a ccdd retreat 
Foi Uie raw soldiers Tmin the deakhtig heat, 
And uei^)bVing tiees with frienifly shade invite 
The troops, unused (o lonfi laborious flight. 
Then o'er the running stream or standing lake, 
A passage for thv ^'p-'im- ; I'uple make ; 
With osier float^ u:r -iiitiug watei- stiow ; 
Of massy stones make bridges, if il How ; 
Tliai baaKiiig in the smi thy bees n>ay lie. 
And, resting theits their flaggy piuioi>s dry. 
When, late returning home, the laden host 
By raging winds is wreck' d irpon the coast. 
Wild thyme and sav'ry set around their cell. 
Sweet to the taste, and fragrant to the smell: 
Set rows of rosetnaiy witii flowering stem. 
And let tlie purple vi'lets drink tlie stream. 

Whether thou build the palace of ihy beei 
With twisted osiers, or with barks of trees, 

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Make but a narrow motitli ; Ibr'as the cold 
Coa^ieuli info a hhiip the liquid goldi 
So *Ufl again dissolvVl by sumraer's neat ; 
And the sweet teboors by extt emes tlefeat. 
And therefore not in vain, th* IndostrioKs khid 
With 4atitoT wax und fldwVs fhe <d)inkti have lin'd* 
And with their stores of gathered glue, conirive 
To stop the vemsiind eMhn'ies bt their hive. 
Not birdlime, or IdsDan pitch, produce 
A more tenacious mass of clanimy julee. 

Nor bees are Iod^*d !n hives alone, but ibund 
In chambers of their own beneath the ground i 
Their vaulted roofs itre hung in pomtewi, 
And in the ic/tten trunks of hollow tree*. 

But ptes^r thou the chinky hives wrtli Ctey, 
And leafy branches o*cr tlieir lodgings lay : 
Nor place them where too deep a Water flowi, 
Or where the yew, their pois*nOus ndghbmir, &r<yws ; 
Nor roast red crabs, t' offetid the nteenes^ of tFieil 

Nor near the rtrtaming stench of muddy ground ; 
Nor hollow rocks tliat render back the sound. 
And double images of voice reboimd. 

For what remains, wlien golden suns ftpiiear. 
And under earth have driv*n the winter jnMar, 
The winged nation wanders through the skies, 
And o*er the plains and shady forest flies: 
Then, steeping on the meads and leaAr bow*r8, 
Thev skim the floods, and sfp die purple flow'rs. 
Exalted hence, and drunk with sec^t joy. 
Their young succession all tliehr cares employ: 
They breed, they brood, hisiruct, and educate. 
And make provision for the future state; 
7*hey work their waxen lodgings in their hives, 
They labour honey to sustain tlieir lives. 
But when thou seest a swatming cloud arists. 
That sweeps aloft, and darkens all the skiet^ 

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The motions of their hasty flight attend ; 

And linow, to floods or woods, their airy inarch they 

Then melfoil be»t, and honey-suckles pound ; 
With these allurinff savours strew tiie ground : 
And mix with tinlding brass the cymbal^s drcMuns 

Straight to their ancient cells, recall'd firooi air, 
The reconcird deserters will repair. 
But, if intestine broils alarm the hive, 
^For two pretenders oft for empire strive) 
The vulgar in divided Actions jar ; 
And murmuring sounds proclaim the civil war. 
Inflam'd with ire, and trembhog with disdain. 
Scarce can their limbs their mighty souls contain. 
With shouts, the coward^s courage they excite. 
And martial clangors call them out to fight : 
With hoarse alarms the hollow camp rebounds, , 
That imitate the trumpets angry sounds: 
Then to their common standards they repair; 
The nimble horsemen scour the fields of air ; 
In form of battle drawn, they issue forth, 
And ev'ry knight is proud to prove his worth. 
Prest for their country*s honour, and their kings, 
On theur sharp beaks they whet their pointed stings, 
And exercise their arms, and tremble with their wings. 
Full in the midst the haughty rfionarchs ride ; 
The trusty guards come up, and close the side.; 
With shouts the darins foe to battle is defied. 
Thus, in the season of unclouded spring, 
To war they follow their undaunted kine. 
Crowd through theu* gates ; and, in the fields of liglit, 
The shocking squadrons meet in mortal fight. 
Headlong they tall firom high, and wounded wound ; 
And heaps of slaughter*d soldiers bite the ground. 
Hard hailstoiies lie not thicker on the plain, 
Vor shaken oaks such showers of acorns rain 

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With goiigeous wings, the marks of sovereign Kwajt 120 

The two contending princes malw their way ; 

Intrepid through the midst of danger go. 

Their friends encourage and aniaxe the ioe. 

With mighty souls in narrow bodies prcst, 

They challenge^ and encounter breapt to breast; 

So fix'd on iame, unknowing how to fly, 

And obstinately bent io win or die, 

That long the doubtful combat they maintain. 

Till one porevails — for one can only reign. 

Vet all these dreadful deeds, this deadly fray, 

A cast of scattered dust will soon aUay, 

And undecided leave the fortune of the day. 

When both the chiefs are si^nder'd from the fight* 

Then to the lawful king restore his right; 

And let the wasteful piodigal be slain. 

That he, who best deserves, alone may reign. 

With ease distinguish^ is the regal race : 

One monarch wears an honest open face : 

Shaped to his size, aud godlike to behold. 

His royal body shiaee with specks of goldj 

And ruddy scales ; for empire he designed. 

Is better bom, and of a nobler kind. 

That other looks like nature in disgrace : 

Gaunt are his sides, and sullen is bis ^e , 

And like their gdsly prince appear his gloomy race. 

Grim, ghastly, rugged, like a thirsty train 

That long have traveird tlirough a desert plain. 

And spit from their (ky chaps Uie gathered dust again 

Tlie better brood, unlike the bastard crew, 

Are marked with royal streaks of shining hue ; 

Glittering and ardent, though in body less : 

From these at pointed seeisons, hope to press 

Huge heavy honeycombs, of golden juice. 

Not only sweet, but puie,.and fit for use, 

T' allaj the strength and hardness of the whie, 

And with old Bacchus, new meth^in join. 

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But, ^>en tire swbipns are eager of their piajf 
And loatlie tlioir eimpty hives, aitd idly ttmy, 
Restrain the wantoiv fugitives, ami talie 
A timely care to bring the truants back. 
The task is easy — bat to clip the wings 
Of their htgh-flying arbitrary kings. 
At their command, the people swarm away : 
Contine the tyrant, and the slaves wiUstay. 

Sweet gardens, fbll of saffiron flowers, invite 
The wandering gluttons, and retard their flightr* 
Besides the gml obscene, whtf firsts away, 
With his laUi sword, the thieves and birds o£ prejTv 
With his own hand, the guardian of the bees, 
For slips of pine may searqh the mountain trees, 
And with wild th3rroe and sav'ry plant the ptain^ 
Till his hard horny fingers ach with pain ; 
And deck wHh fruit(\j^ trees the fields around, 
And with refreshing waters drench the ground. 

Now, did I not so near my labours er^, 
Strike sail, and bast*nir>g to the harbour tend, 
My song to flow'ry gardens might extend-^ 
To teach the vegetable arts to sing, 
The Psestan roses, and their double spring; 
How succ'ry drinks the rtmning streams, and how • 
Green beds of parsley near the river grow ; 
How cdoumbers along the surface creep. 
With crooked Itodles, and with beHies <ieep— • 
The late, narcissus, and the winding crail^ 
Of betir*s foot, myrtles green, and ivy pale: 
For, where with stately towers Tareatum standi, 
And deepCMoeus soaks the yeHow sands, 
I chanced an old Coryciafn swain to know, 
Lord of few acres, and those barren too, 
Unlit for sheep or vines, «nd more unfit to sows 
Yet, laboring well his little spot of gi-ound. 
Some scatH^rHig pot-herbs here and there he ibami. 
Which, cultivated with his daily oaore. 
And bruis'd with ve»-vain, were his frugal fere 

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Soiiietiir.e8 white liHies did their leaves afford 
With wholesome poppy flowVs, to mepd his homely 

For, late reluming hgmi^ be supped at ease, 
And wisely deemM the weajth of Qionarchs lefss: 
The little of hi§ own^ because bis own did please. 
To quit his care» he gather^ fir^t of aU« 
111 «)riog the roeiis, apples in the tall : 
And, when gold winter split the rocks in twain, 
And ice the runniog rivers did restrain, 
He stripped the b«>r's-foQt of its leafy growth, 
And, calling westatn winds, accusM the spring of slotii 
He therefore first ainuttg the swains was found 
To reap the product of his labpur'd ground, 
And squeeze the 90 nib, wiiJi golden rnjiiov crown'tj- 
His limes were first in flow'rs ; his lofty pinesj, 
With friendly shade, swurM his tender vines. '^ 
For ev'ry bloom hit trees in spring afford, '"''•) 
An autumn app|« was by tale res^torM. ^^^^ 

He knew to rank bis elms in even row s, ' '. 

For firuit the grafted pear ti^e to dispose. 
And tame to plums the sournqss of the sloes. 
With spreading jplanes he ina^^ a cool retreat. 
To shade gpocTfeUows frpm the summer^s heat, 
But, straitenM io my sxiacet X must forsake 
This task, for others anerwards to take. 

Describe we next the nature of the bees, 
Bestowed by*^ove 6»r secret services, 
When, by the ti^ikling soi^nd of timbtetslied^ 
The king of heav'R,in Cretan caves thev fed. 
Of all the race of AQijTia)^ ajbne 
The bees have com mc\ci cities of their own, 
And commoB sons; pen^tb op^ law they live, 
And with one coomxip ^tqpk Uiieir trafOc dnve. 
Each has a certain liomey a several stall : 
All is the staters ; tlie state provides for alL 
Mindful of coming cold, they sliare the paui, 
And lioard, for winter^s ufie, the summer's ^in 

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Some o*er the public maeazlnes preside; 
And some are sent new forage to provide. 
These drudge in fields abroad ; and those at home 
Lay deep foundations for the laboured comb, 
With dew, narcissus-leatres, and clammy gum. 
To pitch the waxen flooring some contrive ; 
Some nurse the future nation of the hive; 
Sweet honey some condense ; some pui^ the grout 
The rest, in cells apart, the liquid nectar ihut; 
AU, with united for^e, combine to drive 
The lazy drones fh>m the laborious hive: 
VMth envy stung, they view each others deedt: 
With diligence the fi-agrant work proceeds. 
As when the Cyclops, at th* almighty nod. 
New thunder hasten (br their angrr ^od, 
Subdued in fire the stubborn mettu lies ; 
One brawny smith the pufimg belfows plies. 
And draws and blows reciprocating air: 
Others to quench the hissing mass prepare : 
With lifted arms'diey order ev'ry blow, 
And chime their sounding hammers in a row ; 
With labourM anvils £tna groans below. 
Strongly they strike ; huge roikes of flames expire : 
With tongs they turn the steel; and vex it in the fini 
If little things with great we may compare, 
Such are the bees, and such their busy care ; 
Studious of honey, each in his degree. 
The }routhftd swain, the grave experiencM bee — 
That in the field ; this, ip affsUrs of state 
£mploj^*d at home, abides within the sate, 
To fortify the combs, to bqiM the wal( 
To prop the ruins, lest the fabric fyXi : 
But, late at night, with weary pinions come 
The laboring youth, and heavy laden, home. 
Plains, meads, and orchards, all the day he plies , 
The gleans of yellow thjrme distend his thighs 
He spoils the safTron flow'rs: he sips the blues 
Of viUets, wilding blooms; and willow dews. 

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Their toil is eoramon ; coramon is fhen sleep; 

They shake their wings when morn begins to peep; 

Rush thrr'igh the city gates without delay ; 

Nor ends their work but with declining &y. 

Then, having spent the last remains of light, 

They give their bodies due refiose at night. 

When hollow murmurs of tbmr evening bells 

Dismiss the sleepy swains, and toll them to their cells. 

When once in Ms their weary limbs they steep, 

No buzzius sounds disturb their golden sleep. 

*Tis sacred silence all. Nor dare tlwy stray. 

When rain is promised, or a stormj day ; 

But near the city walls their watering take. 

Nor forage far, but short excursions make. 
And as When empty barks on billov/s float. 

With sandy ballast sailors trim the boat ; 

So bees bear gravel stones, whose poising weight 

Steers through the whistling winds their steady flight. 

But (what's more strange) their modest appetites. 
Averse ^m Venus, fly the nuptial rices. 
No lust enervates their heroic mhkt, 
Nor wastes their strength on wanton womankind ; 
But in their mouths reside their genial powers: 
They gather children from the leaves and flowers. 
Thus make they kings to fill the regal seat. 
And thus their little citizens create, 
And waxen cities build, the palaces of state. 
And oft on rocks their tender wings they tear. 
And sink beneath the burdens which they bears 
Such rage of honey in their bosom beats, 
And sud) a zeal they have for flowery sweets. 

Thus, though the race of life they quicklv run. 
Which in the space of sev*n short years is done: 
Th* immortal line in sure succession reigns ; 
The fortune of the fomily remains ; 
And grandsires* grandsires the long list contaiDS. 

Besides, not Egypt, India, Media, more 
With servile awe theii idol kuig adore: 

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1S8 qcoruk: jy. 

While he swrvives, in ceocorci and con^nt 

The cofiUDDOQS live, by no divisions rent .- 

But the great moiiikrdrs death dissolves the gi>- 

All goes to jTuin ; tjiey themselves contrive 
To rob the honey, and subveit the hive. 
I'he king presides^ hi^ subjects' toil surveys, 
The servile route the'r careful Caesar praise : 
Him they extol; they worship hivn alone ; 
They crowd his lev«es> aud support his throne: 
They raise \im on their shoulaers with a shout ; 
And, when their sovereign's q^ujurrel caUs thein out. 
His foes to mortal combat tliey def^, 
And think it honour at his feet to due. 

Induced l^y such Qxamples some have tatigljt 
That bees have portion of etherjal thought— 
Endu'd witli particle of beavenly fires \ 
For God tha whole created mass inspires. 
Throiigh h«av'n, and ea^ith, and oceap'9 depth, heihrowi 
His influence rouufl, and Indies as h? goes, 
Hence flocks, and herds, and nien* and beasts, and fbwlf^ 
With breath are quipken'd, and ariract their souls j 
Hence take the forms his prescience did ordain, 
And into hiaa at length resolve again. 
No room is le(t for deatji : thev mount the sky, , 

And to their own congenial planets fly. 

Now, when thoii hast decreed to seize their stoivs^ 
And by prerogative to br^k their doors. 
With sprinkled water first the city choke. 
And then pursqe the citizens with smoke. 
Two honey* hajf vests fall in j^v'ry year ' 
First, when the pleasing Pleiades appear, 
And, springing upward, spurn the hnny seas : 
Again, when their aifrighied choir surveys 
The wat*ry Scorpion mend his pace, behind, 
With a black train o( storpiSi and winter wind. 
They plunge ipio th? daep an«l safe protection find. 

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Prrmft to retenge, the bees, a wrathftfl race, 
When once provok*d, assault the aggres&or's fiw^, 
And tlirough the purple veins a passage find ; 
There fix their slings, and leave their souls tiehind. 

But, if a pinching winter thou foresee, 
And wouldst preserve thy famished family; 
With fragmnt thyme the city fumigate, 
And bi-eak the waxen wails to save the state. 
For lurking llMirds oftei: lodge, by stealth ; 
Within the suburbs, and punbin their wealth ; 
And worms, that shun tlie light, a dark retreat 
Have found in combs, and underminM the seat ; 
Or lazy drones, without their sharfe of pain, 
In winter-quarters free, devour the gain ; 
Or wasps infest the 6amp with loud alarms, 
And mix in battle with unequ^ amid; 
Or secret moths are there in sHenctf fed; 
Or spiders in the vault their snary webs have' spread. 

The more oppressM by foes, or famine-pin'd. 
The more increase thy care to save the sinking Mnd : 
With greens and flow*rs recruit their empty hives. 
And seek firesh forage to sustain their Hve^. 

But, since they share with man one commoit fate, 
In health and sickness, and In turns of stale, — 
Observe the symptoms. When they fall away, 
And languish with insensible decay, 
They change their tine ; with hazard eyes they ttare; 
I^an are their looks, and shagged is their hair: 
And crowds of dead, that never must reiwrn 
To their lov'd hives, in decent pomp arc borne : 
Their firiends attend the hearse ; the next relations 

The sick, for ait, before the pottaS gasn, 
Their feeble legs within eacn other cHtsp, 
Or idle in their empty hives remain. 
Benumbed with cord, and listless of their gain. 
Soft whispers then, and broken soonds, are hcanl^ 
As when the woo<is by gentle winds are stirr'd ; 

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Such stifled nuise a» the close furnace bidet, 

Or dying murmucs of departing tides. 

This when thou seest ealbanean odou» use, 

And honey in the siclLiy hive infuse. 

Through reeden pipes convey the gulden flood 

T' invite the people to their wonted food. 

Mix it with thickenM juice of sodden wines, 

And raisins from the grapes of Psythian vuies: 

To these add pounded galls, and roses dry. 

And, with Cecropian thymp, strong-scented centaury. 

A flowV there is, that grows in meadow-grouud, 
Amellus called, aod easy to be found ; 
For, from one root, the rising stem bestows 
A wood of leaves, and viUct purple boughs : 
The flow'r itself is glorious to behold, 
And shines on altars like refulgent gold-r 
Sharp to tliC taste— by shepherds neai- the stream 
Of Mella found ; and thence they gave the name. 
Boil this restoring root in generous wine. 
And set beside the door, the sickly stock to dine. 
But, if the labViiig kind be wholly lost, . , 
And not to be retrieved with care or cost^ 
*Tis time to touch the precepts of an art 
Th* Arcadian master aid oi old impart ; 
And how he stockM his empty hives a^in, 
RenewM with putrid gore of oxen slaia- 
An ancient lege^ I prepare to sing. 
And upwajcd fellow Faise's immortal spring; 

For, where with sevenfold horns mysterious Nile 
Surrounds tlie skirts of Egypt's fruitful isle, 
.\nd where in ()omp the sunburnt people ride, 
On painted barges o'er the teeming tide, 
Wiiioh, pouring down from Ethiopian lands. 
Makes green the soil with slime, and black prolifie 

sands — 
That length of region, i^id large tract of ground, 
In this one art a aore relief have found. 

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Fin.t, in a place, by natura ckMi, they buiM 

A narrow flooring, guttar*d, wallM, mid tird. 

In this, four windows are eontrh^'d, that strike 

To the four wkids opposU, thekr beame oblique. 

A steer of two years aid they- take^ whose head 

Now fiiet with burnished home bo^ms to spread ; 

They stop his noslrilB while he etnvee in vain 

To breathe firee air, and tUu gj^ with his pair. 

KnocicM down, he diet: biatewelS'bfaiH'd Within, 

Betray no wound on hie unbrakta skis. 

Extended thus, ufi this obseeae atoewle 

They leave the beast ; but fifst* sweet flow'rs m« sfrowV* 

Beneath his body, broken booghs and thyme, 

And pleasing easaia just renew'd in p«>i«ne. 

This must be done ere sprine makes equid day^ 

When western winde on'C«inia| waters play: 

Ere painted meads prsduee tkeur flow*ry «rops, 

Or swallowa twitter on the cbNnney topa 

The tainted bksod, in this-oloae prison pent. 

Begins to boil, and through thet bones nrment. > 

Tl^n (wond^ious to behold) new ereatures rise, . 

A moving mass at first, and short of thiehs ; 

Til shooting otrt withlegs^ and imp*d with wings. 

The grubs proceed to bMs-wKb pointed stings. 

And, more and more affecting ak, they try 

Their tender pinions, and be^ to fly ? 

At length, like sammer storms fWmi spreading clouds, 

That burst at once, and pour^mpetuous floods — 

Or flighis of arrows from the Parthian bows, 

When from afar they>gaU embattled foes — , 

With such a tempest Uirough the skies they steer; 

And such a forni the wingji^ squadrons bear. 

What god, O Muse ! this useful science taught ? 
Or by what man^s experience 'was it brought f 

Sad Aristaeus from iaor Tenipe fled — 
His bees with famine or diseases dead ^-^ 
ihi Fetieus* baidis he stood, atid near his holy head; 

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And, while b\g AUlii^ tMurs tke •tyeani 9Upply*d, 

Thus, mourning «ihi6 iiMthetr goddess crieci c 

" Mother Cyiene ! methefv "vHnese abode 

Is in the depib of t^ia iomoital iopd ! 

What boots it» that from PhcBbut' loios I spring 

The third, by him Mid thte, imtn kieav^'s high king? 

O i where is all thy boasted pity gftn^ 

And prouiisei^f the«kMS lo ihy deluded soti ? 

Why didst thoiji me, wihapiiy me, oreete^ 

Odious to gods, 9tk<i bornerto bitter fotb^ 

Whom scarce my sheepi, and scacoe my pamial pknigb, 

The needfiil aids of bWm&n life allow: 

So wretched is thy sun, so hard &• mother thou I 

Proceed, inhumau parent, io thy acom; 

Root up my tV^s ; with blights 'destroy my ooni ; 

My vineyards ruin, and my sheepfelds burni < 

Let loose thy fage,.ietaJU i^yjptte be- shown; 

Since tlms thy hale pMrsues the, praises of thy soa/* 

But, irum hermosi^' bowV beleur the ground. 

His careful tnot^r heaxl the plaintive nuMok^ 

EncompassM with hec mfkrffBtm sitters' niund. 

One common work titey plyM ; their distaffs full ^ 

With carded looks of blue Mil«9sian wool* 

Spio, with Dry mo brown, aa)d'£«ncho ieii, 

Add sweet PiiyUodooe with lang disbcvellM hair, 

Cydippe with Lycoriaa, ooea maidf 

And one that once had caU'd Luoiii&'a «id 

Clio and Beroe, from ou^ fother be^ ; 

Both girt with gdd, ai»d daa hi pavtioeknir'd cloth ; 

Opis the meek, and Deiopeia fiMMid ; 

Nisaea loilyi with Ligea loud ) 

Thalia joyous, Epltyrethe sad. 

And Arethusa,onQe£)iaiMi'« nmid. 

But now ^er quiver left) <te love bein^'M 

To these Clymene the sweet Uiq6 declares 

Of Mars ; and Vuloaa*» unavailing -oaxee ; 

And aU the ^-apiss of gpds, and et ry love. 

From ancient Chaos down to youthful Jove : 

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GffORGIC IV. 143 

Ttius while fllit AingB, th« ssMn turn Uic %vtMUl, 
Cinpty the wootty nftlo^ftiid 6U tlieireek 
A mournfui aoimd ugahn the raodier hmn 4 
Again the mouni^ kkIimI i»vtt<ks the>9Niera* eaiti 
Starting at once 6n*« Umw ^recD-KaiBi tl»«gr iiM>«-* 
Fear in their hesvtt MMMmoBl in lb«if tym. 
But Arethusa^ leaping fiomthM^ttadt 
First lifts above the warn her liMitttoas bearik^ 
And, crying from «^lhiM m-€\fHm eaid 1 • 
*« O sister, not wMi oatnriesB iear fKMsest ! 
No stranger noioo «HiMuibs thy teiideriMpeast, 
'Tis ArislBM, *tii Hiy dnifiiig «iMi, 
WIk) 10 bis carelest mother BodlMH hit mmii^ 
Near h'w pattfnal eiMain te fM% stwsde, 
With OowncaU^feB^mm^dK/hm^WByA fiolded hands. 
Upbraiditii heavUi Aww wlieiioe bis Vuneage came. 
And eriiei caUathe£«d9y>iMii^ cfnei tine«ri^ naiae/* 

CyceMi^nov'd with |ov^ aiukse^'d with feaL, 
Cries out, <* Cofidact my son, eondvnt him tiere : 
*Ti8 lawful finr the youth, ^ofivM trom gods. 
To view the secrets of our deep atxidef/* 
At once she wav*d her hand on eillier ^de ; 
At once thei ranks of ewelling streams divide. 
Two nsiug heaps of liquid crystal stand, 
And leave a space betwixt, of ertipty sand. 
Thus safe received, the downward track he treads, 
Which to his niothe)r>ft wat*ry palace leads. 
With wobd^rhig eyes he views the secret store 
Of Iskes^ that, pent in hollow tavehis, roar ; 
He hears the ctarkling ^oands of coral Woods, 
And sees the secret source of iutn*rta»eaa floods; 
And where, disthiguish'd in tiwirseVraf cells. 
The fount of i'hasis, and of Lyctl^, dwells; 
Where swift enrlpeut in hi§ bed Appears, 
And Tyber his Bia)eMte Ibt^iead i-ear« ; 
Whence Anio flows^ and Hy»AUif8 'pto^n^ 
Breaks thro' th* opposing tiMuc^ with mgWig loOitH ; 

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144 GEORaiC IV. 

Where Po iin,t issms^firom his daifk abodes, 
And, awful in his cradle, rules the ikxKls: 
Two golden homftiin bis large front he wean, 
And his ^im fiKe a bttir« resemblance bears. 
With rapid course he seeks 4he saerM^ matnt 
And fattens, as he runs» the fttikitil plain; ' 

Now, to the court anrhrVl, th' adBwing son 
I'eholds the vaulted mob of pory stonei, 
Now to his mother goihdeis *eXk» bis- grief, 
Which she with pitjr heac^ and promiees relief 
Th* officioTiB nyiHi^lui^ attending inm liag, 
With water drawn from tbeit perpetual spring, 
From eartUl3» dregs 'fais^bodyplinfj^ • 
And rub his tefii|Ae^ ^Ui fine towvlSi dry;' - 
Then load the taMetf wHh allb'rid i^tt, ' 
And honour with fullbbwli thefr*iei!d1y gtwst. 
The sa«red altsns are inrdv^d itt fimdke ,< 
And the bright choi^ their kifidred g6ds fflvolte. 
Two bowls the mother IITW with Lyman Wine ; 
Then thus : **Let these be potir'd, wltb'rites divine, 
To the great authors of our wat'ry line — 
To father Ocean, this, and this," she said. 
" He to the nymphs his sacred sisters paid, 
Who rule the wat'ry plains, and hold the woodland 

She sprinkled thrice, witli wine, the Vestal-fire j 
Thrice to the vaulted roof the flames aspire, 
Bai8*d with so blest an omen, she begun. 
With words like these to cheer her droopii^g son. 
*' In the Carpathian bo^oip piakes abode . 
The shepherd of the seas^ a prophet and a god. 
High o'er the main in wat'ry p«mp he ri<ies» 
His asure car and finny cour^eirs guide»«— 
Proteus his name. -^Xo^aPallenian port 
I see from far thi» veary god resort. . 
Him, not aloae, yrt nvrer gods adore, , 

Bat aged ^jTereus hearkens to bis lore. 

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aEORdJCiv. lU 

With sure foroalght, tnd wilh 4»9«rriiig doom. 
He sees what \9t and was, and it to come. 
This Neptunft garo him, wheo h» g»v« to keep 
His scaly flocki^ that graae the watery deep. 
Implore his aid ; ^r JPioteus only kiiow^. 
The secret «auf^«od««iBe, of aiU th^ wooa. . . 
But first the wily .wiaard niustihe caught ; 
For, uncoastraio'd, he nothing tpUs-l''ri)ough^4 
Nor is with praj^ce^or tniluik'Or 4aM97 t)ou£bt. 
Surprise him . fint, and vKMh bard -fetters bind ; 
The» all hk iiraude.wilL Yanisb into wind. . 
I will myself conduct thee on thy way, 
When next the WMUkiMaK ^"^^ inflames tiia day. 
When the dry herbagetthixsts^ de^ns in vain, 
And iheep, iiksbades, avoU tba paiiphiiig plaiAi 
Then will I leatl thee to hissepiet s^t, 
When, weary wkb hiatoil) and scorch'd wi^ haaty 
The waywaid sire fireauents his. cool cetieat. 
His eyes witli heavy suimhM overcast-— 
With force invade his limbs,iAnd bind him fii^ 
Thus surely bound, yet be noK oyei bol4 ? 
The slippery god \j?iU try to lopjse bis hol^i . 
And various forms assume, to cheat thy 8%bt, . 
And with vain images of beasts.affright; 
With foamy tusks^ be seemsi a bristly boiu^ 
Or imitates the lion*s angry roar; 
Breaks out in crackling flames to shun thy Sk*«re^ 
Hisses a dragon, or a tt^r stares 4 ■ 
Or with a wile thy caution to betray, 
In fleeting streams attempts to slide away. 
But thou, the more he vaiies forms, beware 
To aftrain his fetters wiih a sincier care, 
Till, tiring a41 kis arta, he turns airam 
To his true shape, in which he first was seen 
This said; with nectar she licr son anoiuis ; 
Infusing vigour titrottgh hia mortal joiuis ; 
Down from his head iTic liquid odours ran ; 
He brcaih'd of heav*n, and look'd above a man. 
VOL. i. 10 

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146 OEORQIC lY. 

Within « ffKHiRtftlii^ bolk>W wotnb, th«M lira 
A large recess Goti«ea1^ iram bimiiui eyes, 
Where heaps df biMmirs, dfiv'i» by wifid and tidv, 
In form of #«rth«)r WikVff Mull* divkl*, 
And there like cftfttries set, liHUiMit tile MOUth abiclr 
A station sAft fbr ^M, WhM l6iiii)pi6t#MM, 
A silent harbour* ft<i^ ft ebtM^dslMiW. 
Secure w^tliih resides (he vetriousfpdi^ 
And drawtttrocttiif^Hibii^liMtabMtek 
Hither with silent «teps< dttovM fiOM slg^ 
The goddess gukl^b 4i»r sati> ftnd> tvniiB liini #»ni thB 

light : 
Herself, iiit«l^ iit ttlMlds, ytccJyMiiis be* ii|^ 
*Twa9 VN)oh * ihtf suBiiy Deg»«it»4niin th* ^ 
ScorcbM Indiite «W«i%i*) tli» Hvei'd §»•» w w 4c)r ; 
^ The sun witli flafblHg mmnrnpiiM^:* itwHood^ 
And, (ftenlng t<» t«M bmtM% kMlkfd thewed i 
When weatft Pn^teusy fiPoHr «li»bi^ w^t^et. 
Retired for shelter' t<> lif» WMiDd ^vm. 
His finny flo(^abMit1b«irstM»pherdplAfW ^ 
And, rolling nAKftd lm(i siMMrf «h« toitUir «« : 
C; n wieldil V they waHow' ttftst kk duttOy 
Then in iM^atfy dov«rt #eA nefKKe* 
Himself, their hetdsrMUh Mi tlie mtdiQn muuiu, 
Takes of his fm^tey^ ^ks a junc aMouni. 
So» seated on a rock, a ^w«pberd*6 graoin 
Surveys hts <)VenfAg flocks leturnivig Worae, 
When lowing calves «hkI bleiithig lambs, imxo 6w^ 
Provoke the prowling Wbtf to nightly war. 
Th* occasion oflfors, and the jNMAh complies ; 
For scarce the weliry god bad 4Am*A bis ejpes. 
When, rushing on Wi^ siiauts^ he binds in fcb4UM% 
The drowsy uiy>ph#i, and bbliiabt c<iM^«fUiM4 
He, not unmHidftfl Af his uft:al art. 
First in diiseinbled Aro attensiTts to parte 
Then roaring beaiia, aiid tunmng litipeafns he triat 
And weai^iM tfU his nrnacles of Htg^ 

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tiEORGIC IV. 147 

But, having shifted «v'iyioRn to 'ecafit, 

C(JUvincM af coiiqu«si, he Tesum'd hifi sbapf^ 

And thust at-ivngth^ mi humaxiAcoeaft-sfiok^a 

** Audacious youth ! what wrinws oouU pfOVoke 

A mortal ffian C invades ileapii)g^d^ 

What bus*{iet&^»ouglM thw to my dark abode V 

To tbi« th* audMiOiiB yt>«tii r «^ Xhou JtnOwHA luU well 

My name an4 b<ift*iittsa, -gsd^ Bar nted lceli< 

No maa Mti tVoteiw«tiaaif j biu, i^MMuft^ iMwrt 

Thy fiaudful arts,'«iid dv wi*:than deotftwe. 

Following th«'gO(i^ oonnaand I «ome V ImplsM 

Thy help, nay peritthM people to lestorev" 

The seer, «^^e«uld itai> ym liia wrath asMi^ 

Roird his green eyM,4bat s|»arkted wHb hM ra^ 

And gtiaslk'd ItiMceth^ and cried, «^ no volflltfi^d 

Pursues thy orhmes, imp with a conimoa rod. 

Thy great misdeeds have met a due leward. 

And OrpheusP dy«hg nmyeisat lenfih are heard 

For crimes, not hii, tne lover lost his life. 

And at thy hands reqailree biemurder'd vr'iSa: 

Nor (if the FatM^Mitt not>ean^ thou '8ca|pt 

The just revenge «f that iviteiided taipe. 

To shup. thy lavO'tMe iacft the dying bride, 

Unwary, took a!oitg (he rivev't side, 

Nor at her heels^percwir^dthe deadly snaket 

That kept the hank^ m eovert ■«€ fAte brake. 

But all her fellow^ymphe the fnouqtaiDs tear 

With lotfd toktteiils, asid iMeak thtf ykddiag tir » 

The realms of MaYS lemamiuir all aroand, ■>. ( 

And echoes tath' Athettian shdrea rebeund^ - > 

Th' unhappy h ti^baiMl, husband now ito more^ 

Did on his tuneM hktii htnlMs dmloiis 

And sought hi^tiMumnd mhid witti musio to raftort 

On thee, dear wit^, ia deeenrts all alone. 

He call'd, sighed, euhg; ttift^frieA with day bigunt 

Kor were tMy AtA^kNiwiOt the caaiag dun, 

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E'en to the dark dominions of the night 

He took his way, through forests void of light, 

And darM amidst the trembling ghosts to sing, 

And stood before th^ inexorable king. 

Th' infernal troops like passing ^adows glide, 

And, listening, crowd the sweet musician*& side — 

(Not flocks of birds when driv'n by stenus or. night. 

Stretch to the forest with » thick a flight—) 

Men, matrrms, chiktren, and th* unmarried maid. 

The mighty hero's more majestic shade, , 

And youths on funeral piles before their parente laid. 

All these Cocytus bounds with squedid rMds, 

With muddy ditches, and with deadly weecb; 

And baleful Styx encompasises around, 

With nine slow circling streams, th' uniiappy ground 

E'en from the depths of hell the Uamn'd advance ; 

Th' infernal mansions, nodding seem to dance; 

The gaping three-mouth'd dog forgets lo snarl : 

The Furies hearken, and th«wr snakes uncurl ; 

Ixion seems no more his pain to feeL 

But leans attentive on his standing wheel. 

All dangers past, at kngth.ihe lovely bride 

In safety goes, with her jnelodidua guide. 

Longing the common light again to ^are. 

And draw the vital breath of upper wr— 

He first ; and close behiod him f(dk>,wM she ; 

For such was Proserpiiie7s severe. deeeeerr 

When strong desues tk' kopatient youth invade. 

By little cautipn and much love bettay'd : 

A fauJt, which c^asy pardon might receive, t 

Were lovevs judges, or Could hell forgive ; 

For, near the confines of etkarial light,^i 

And longing for the gUmnb'jring of a sight, 

1'h' unwary lover casts his eyes behind, 

Forgetlul of the law nor n\aster of his mind. 

St.-aight all his hopes exhal'd in empty smokaj 

And his long toils were forfeit fur a look. 

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l^hree flaslies of blue lightning gave the sign 

Of covenants broke ; three peals of thunder join. 

Then thus the bride : * what fury seized on thee, 

Unhappy man ! to lose thyself and me f 

Dragg d back again by cruel destinies, 

An iron slumber shuts my swimming eyes. 

And now fereu^ell ! mvolv'd in shades of nigbti 

Foir ever I am ravished from thy sight. 

In Tain I reach my feeble hancfs, to join 

In sweet embrafccs^— ah ! no longer thine !* 

She Mild ; and £rom his eyes the fleeting fair 

Hetir*d like subtle smoke dissoVd in ftir. 

And left the hopeless lover in despair. 

In vain, with foldhig amis, the youth e8sfly*d 

To stop bex flight, and strain thie flying shade : 

He prays; he raves ; all means in vain he ifter. 

With rage inflamed, astonish'd with surprise s 

But she ietum*d no more^ to bless hielongii^^ei. 

Nor would til* inferrial iisrrymen once more. 

Be brib'd tft waft him to the fiirtber shore. 

What should he do, who twice had lost his le^e? 

What notes bvcnt ? what nelw petitions move f 

Her soul already was consf^*d to fate. 

And shivering iu the leaky sci^let sate. 

For sev'n continued months, if fSme say true, 

The wretched swain his sorrow did renew t 

By Stryman's freexing streams he sat alone i 

The rocks were movM to pity with his moan : ' 

Tree»foeiit their heads to hear film sms his wrongs: 

Fierce tigers couch*d around, and loU^d their fawninf 

So, close in poplar shades, her children gone, 
The mother nightin^e laments'alone. 
Whose nest some^ying Churl had fbond, and thenc*, 
By stealth, convejrd th* unfeather'd innocence. 
But she supplies the night with moumfiil strairts 3 
And melanchfriy music fills the plains. 

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150 GKoscic ir. 

Sad Orpheus thu« his tedknts houra employs, 
Averse from Venus, and from miptial joys. 
Alone he umpts the frozen floods, aloiie 
Th* unhappy climes, tvhere spring was never known ; 
He nK)um*d his wretchtd wife, in vain restorVl, 
And Fluio's unavailing boon deplor*d. 
Tlie Thr^oiaii matrons — who the youth aoeti^d 
Of love disdalnM, and marriage rites reftisM— 
With furies and noetumal orgKs ftr'd, 
At length against his sacred life conspirM. 
Whom e*en th# savage beasU hcul ^ar'd, thev klllM, 
And strewM his wangled limbs about tliefiekt. 
Then, when his head, from his finr shoulders turn, 
WashM by the waters, was oa Hehnis borne, 
K'en then his trembUnff t«figue invok'd his bride ; 
With his ]iMt voice, * Eurjrdice,* he cried. 
•Eui-ydice,* tlise rocks and river-banks replied.^ 

Tiiis.ims^^r Proteus gave; tio>more he said, 
But in the billows plungM his hottry bead ; 
And, where he Ieap*d, toe waves in circles widely 
spread. • 

The nymph retum*d her drooping son to elieer. 
And bid him banish his superfluoos fear; 
•« For now," said she, " the cause is Mno<tn, from wheiiec 
Thy wo succeeded, and for what ofience 
The nymphs, conapenions of th' Bnhappymato, 
This punishment iCipon thy crimes have laid ; 
And sent a ptogMe ikinong thy thriving bees. 
With wows Mid fluppliant pray'rs their pow*n a^spease ; 
The«oft Ntiprau) race will soon repent 
Their anger, and remit the punishment 
The secret in -an ensy^Rniethod lies; 
Select four brawny, bulls &r sacrihee, 
Whielft AH byccietts grnae without a guides 
Add four fHir heifen yet m yoke untried, 
For thesf,four altars in their temple rear. 
And then adore the woodUmd powhrs witbpmy*» 

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From the slain victims pour the streaming bluod. 

And leave their bodies in the shady wood : 

Nine mornings thence, L thsean poppy bringi 

T* appease the manes of the poet's king: 

And, to propitiate his offended bride, 

A fatted calf and a black ewe provide : 

lliis finished, to the former woods repair.^ 

His mother's precepts he performs with care ; '' 

The temple visits, and adores with pray'r; 

Four altars raise? ; from his herd he culls. 

For slaughter, four the fairest of his bulls: 

Four heifers from his female store he took, 

All fair, and all unknowing of the yok'%, 

Nine mornings thence, with sacrifice and prayers, 

The pow'rs atoH'd, he to the grove repairs. 

Behold a prodigy! for, from within 

The broken bowels and the bloated skin, 

A buzEing noise of bees his ears alarms: 

Straight issue through the sides assembling swtrmi 

Dark as a cloud, they make a wheeling flight. 

Then on a neighboring tree, descending, light: 

Like a laj^ cluster of black grapes they show, 

And make a large dependance from the ix)ugh. 

Thus have I sung of fields, and flocks, and treet) 
And of the waxen work of laboring bees ; 
WKile mighty Caesar, thund'ring from afar. 
Seeks on Euphrates' banks the spoils of war ; 
With conq'nng arts asserts his country's cause. 
With arts of peace the willing people draws ; 
On the glad eaith the golden age renews, 
And his great father's path to heav'n pursues { 
While 1 at Naples paiss my peaceful days, 
Affecting studies of less noisy praise ; 
And, bold through youtli, beneath the beechcn shade 
The lays of shepherds, and tlieir loves have plmv*(l 

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The TrojaM, after a leren yean* tcykg^^ set aai) for Italj. b«r 
areorertakenbyAdraadfU at<i|nB, whieb. JEolw*ais«t at fbe 
reqoeat at Jmm^ The tcmpeat tiiAs eae* and acattera tb« 
reat. Neptune drives off tbewioda, and calms the aaa. JKoeas 
with his own ship and six more, arrives safe ^ an African port. 
Venus complains to Jupiter of her son's misfortones. Jupi> 
ter comforts her, »nd sends Mercury i6 procure him a kind re- 
eepuoa amo^ die Certbagioians. JKneas, f oiD|^ out to dis- 
cover the counirjr, meets hia mother in the sbepe ef a hua 
tress, who oenveyA him in a okHid In Ca«thA|^, where 1m aces 
his friends whom he thought lost, and receives e kind enter- 
tainment Irom the queen. Dido, by a device of Venus, b**- 
fins to have a passidn fbi' him, and, after some discourse with 
him, ierires the history of his adventures since tbe siege of 
Tfoy, wbkh is the subjeet ol the two fbUewfaiy beobs. 

Arms, and th« RMtB I nog, wbo, foic*d by Fat«, 
And haughty Jiiao*8 unrelenting hate, 
£xpeUM and exilM, left the Tiojan then. 
Long labouis, both fay sea and land, he bote, 
And in the doubdHl irar, before he wmt 
The Latian realm, and built tbe destinM town ; 
His banish'd gods vestorM to rites divine. 
And settled sure sticcession in his line. 
Flora whence the race of Alban fathers coma, 
And the long glories of majestic Rome. 

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154 £NF18. 

O Muse ! the causes and the crimes relate ; 
What goddess was provokM, and whence her hati 
For what o£fence the queen of heav'u began 
To persecute so bravfi, so jv^st a man. 
InvolvVl his anxious fife in enaiesa cares, / 
ExposM to wants, and hurried into wars ! 
Can heavenly minds such high resentment shovir,- 
Or exercise their spite in hunaaif wo f 

Against theTyber^s mouth, but far away 
An ancient town was seatfid nn the sea — 
A Tynan colony — ^the people made 
Stout for the war, and stuaious of their trade : 
Cart:]:'..'/ *"..' ;.n:ne -'ji' -v'd by Juno mom ' 
Thati iier own Argos, or the Samiati shoie, - . 
Here stood her dm riot ; here if heav'n weielciiiK 
The seat of awful etnpire she destgiiM. • 
Yet she had heard an ancient rutnour fly, 
(Lt-rtg cited by the people of the sky) 
That times to come should see the Trojan jb^oh^ 
Her Cartlmge ruin, atid hei tow'rs deface ; 
Nor thus Mwitin^d, ttw yeke «f sovereign svmy 
Should 00 the necks of ail the nations li^y. 
She ponderM tliis^ ^nd f^arM ^t was i|i fate ; 
Nor could foi^t the war she wag'd at lat^ 
For conquViog.GneieQa, e^nst tSe TcQJaa gteto^ . 
Besides, long causes working in her mind, 
And secret seeds of emj^^^^^ohind : 
Deep graven in her heart, the doom remained 
Of parttal Padar and hwio^ro^ifediffiMifii; 
The grace bestowed fin mnrisk^d Ganfiuod, 
Electra^s glorie^aod h«r m|u0^d bed. 
Fach was a,eause alpna^ and attrComfaittVl; . 
To kindle vengeanoa in horteugMf Muidk 
For this, iar/d(istam fironi tim, Ladia* jCQadt, 
She drove the rQiniiantsaf the Txajaa ho9k£ 
And sev^i long yoisrs tb^ unhappy wand'angitsaiii 
Were toss'd bfUbnats, and scalter'd thfo^ daemaiti. 

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JCNfitS. . 155 

Such time, such toil, requirM th« Romui Banie« 
Such length of labour fcr so vast a ftaoie. 

Now scarce the Trojaii fleet, with saila and ears. 
Had left behind the four Skilian shoras^ 
Ent'ring with cheerfld shoutf the wat'jry reign, 
And ploughing firoUby furrows in the main ; 
When, lab'iing atiit with endless discenteot, 
Tlie queen of heav'n did thus her fury veutr- 

" Then am I vanquishM? must J yi^ P^ said she: 
•* And must tl»e.T*«jan»re^in Italy? 
So flite will haste, id; aad ^we ackU his fovea; 
Nor can my po\r*r iliven their hap»y oowrse. 
Could angry^Padlafi, with levangplid «pl«an. 
The Gr^oiaii naiv^ bum* and diDwn4l]e man ? 
She, for the fault, «i£ aB»:o«b»diDg §9%; 
The bolia of Jove hin£«tf preauioM to throw \ 
With whirlwinds Ordm beneath .aha lois»d ti»a ship* 
And bare esepes'd fete boBon of tbe daep; 
Then— as a n eagie gtipaa ftho tremfabng game'— 1 , . 
Tlie wfdicb, yet biseing with liar Aithar's flama» / 
She sttongl^p seis^ri^ and, with a.burQiA§;WOtfa{i 
Transfixed, and naked, on a eock the bQNii4* 
But i, wiio walk an wvSui state aieiOK«,» 
The majesty cf haav^ tbs. tistte^wt^ aif Jove, 
For length of jtaan my fruitleaB fym» «np2py 
Against the thin renja«Ba^jrujn*<l.3?CMr I i 
What nations n6w.ilo Jtma^a pow*i wiflpiay. 
Or off Hriags dA my slighted altars la? ?** 

Thus ragM thagpddesa^ mui^wm fury toughl, 
The resUQi8«gioM>af tiM^ilaiMM».9braauibl, 
Where, in a spackuit tmMkiyf iivifig itane^ 
The tyranjMBiilu^ Atei iitaaiif tiiroaai 
With powV imperialreiijftia tha elst^iJISns winds, 
And soundin^tawptsta isidajek ^aEme itoaada. 
This way, and Hmt^ th^ ImnatieDl captives, |Qen4» 
A;td, preMmig for releasatftha mountaim rand. 
High m his bftU tli' undaaaterimonamh stands. 
And shakes his sceptre, and their rage commands ; 

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156 JKI^EIS. 

VVhicn be did not, tlwir tinregisted sway 

Would sweep the world before tbem in their wav ; 

t^arth, air, anid seas, thro' «mpty space would rollf 

And heav*n would fly before the driving soul. 

In fear of this, the father of the gods 

('onlin'd their fury to those dark abodes, 

And locked them safe within, oppressM with niouiH 

tain loads ; 
Inipos'd a king with arbitrary sway. 
To loose tiieir fettei^ or tlieir force allay ; 
To whom the suppliant queen her prarrs addrcsiM 
And thus the tenor of her suit expressrd, 
** O, ^olus !— for to ibee the king of heav'n 
The pow^i of tempests and of winds has gir^; 
Thy force alone tbtir fuiy can restrain, ' 
And smooths the waves, or swell the troubled main-^ 
A race of wandering slaves^ abhorM by me 
With prosp'roiis^ passage cut the Tuscan sea: 
To fruitful Italy their course they steer, 
And, for their van(|ui8h*d gods, design new te^nvples there 
Raise all thy wiiMlB» with night involve the skies; 
Sink or disperse my fatal enemies. — 

Twice sev^n, the charming daughters of the main, 
** Around tny person w«it, and bear my timio :*' 
Succeed my wish, aad second my desagn, 
The foirest, Deiopeia, shall be tbiiie» 
And make thee &ther of a happy line.** 

To this the god—^^Ti* yours, O queen ! to will 
The work, fi4iieb doty binde me to hilfiL 
These airyAkigdo m B, and ^lAsmidn command^ 
Are all the presents of your bounteous hand : 
Yours is my sov'ielgn's gAoe; ^and, asyour goeitv 
I sit with gods at ilieirctiestial feast 
Raise tempests at four pleasure, or subdue ; 
Disp se Of empinsi which 1 bold from you." 

He said, and hurPd against the mountain side 
His quivering spear, and all Urn god applied. ' 

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iBNEia^ 157 

The raging vj«.d8 rush through the hoUow wound. 
And danoe aloft In air, and skim along the ground ; 
Then settling on the sea, th« surges sweep, 
Raise liquid mountains, and disclose the deep. 
South, east,' and west, with mix*d confusion roar, 
And roll the foaming billows to the shore. 
The cables crack ; tne^ailors fearftil cries 
Ascend ; and sable night involves the skies ; 
And heav*n itself is ravieb*d £rom their eyes. 
Loud peals of thunder from the poles ensue ; 
Then flashing fires the transient light renew ; 
The face nf things a frightfol image ttears ; 
And present death in various forms appears. 
Struck with unustial firight, the Tro^ clrie^ 
With lifted hands and eyes, invokes relief; 
And *< Thrice and four times happy those," he crknl, 
" '* That under llian walls, befoie ttieir parents, died ! 
Tydides, bravest of the Grecian train ! 
Why could not I by that strong arm be slain. 
And lie by noble Hector on the j^in, 
Or great Sarpedon, in those bloody fieMs, 
Where Simots roUs the bodies and the shields 
Of heroes, whose dismember'd hands yet bear 
Tne dart aloft, and clench the pointed spear ?^^'- 
^ Thus, while the pious prince tits fiue bewailsi 
j Fierce Boreas drove against bis %ing sails, 
^ And rent the sheets: the raging bilk>ws ffii<« 
And mount tha tossing vessel to the skiesi 
Nor can the shivering oars sustain tht blow; 
T he galley gives iier side, and tarns her. prow : 
W hile those astern, descending down the sleep, 
Through gaping waves behold the tKNling deejx 
Three sbi^ were hurried by the southern blast, 
A nd on the secret shelves with ftiry cast. 
Those hidden rocks th' Ausonian sailors knew; 
They calPd them afears, when they rose in vieW, 
And showed their spacious tiaoks above the flood. 
Thre mnre fierce £urus, m his angry mood. 

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lisH JSM&fS, 

Dashed on the shallows xA tb« inolriiig sanr}, 
And in the mid ocMin left tnem mooiM a^limfl 
Orontes' bark, that bore th« Lyeian erew, 
(A horrid sight) e*eo in the hei»*t view. 
From stem ta sMcn by waves was overboinie ; 
The trembling j»iiotr tfOm his rudder lonit 
Was headlong hurled : thriee roukKi the ship was tose 
Then bulg'd a« oace, a«id in the deep was ioeH ; 
And here and there ab<Kre Ifafe waves were seen 
Arms, pictufes, precidus goods, ami floating men. 
The stoutest vosoel to the auum gave way, 
And suckM thru* kxMeoVi planks Iha rushing «ea. 
llioneus was ber-dHtf ; Alttnold, 
Achates laithftit, Abas 3fo«iiig a^ boM, . 
Gndur'd not Icsei iheir skups with gaping siMmi^ 
Admit the deluge ^ the btiny streams. 

Meantime imperial Kepitme heard tb^ sound 
Of raging billows breaking o» the ground. 
DispleasM, and iiiaring for hit wat'iy rtiga, 
He rear'd his awfid head ttbove the main. 
Serene in majesrjr^-^timi rolfd his eyes 
Around the ^paoe of earth, and seas, aiid skiek 
He saw the Trojan fleet dispets'd, distress^, 
By stormy wiBCM fewl win(*ty heav^i oppmssHl* 
Full well the god his sister^ envy knew, 
And what her ainiaand what lier arts pursue. 
He summoqVIJIiirui add the Western bfaist, 
And first an anny gktioe on both he «ast, 
Then thus lebii^M-^* Audacious wintls! iian wbenot 
This bold aMempt, tins rebel inMlence ! 
Is it for you to lavagsetas and land, 
UnauthoriB*d by my suprdme oommand f 
To raise such mountains tm the troubled main^ 
Whom 1 — but first 'tie fe the bitt&ws to restrain : 
And then yw shall be taugliC obedience to tny r^ign. 
Hence,. to your Imrd my roj'al mandate bear — 
The realma of ocean and the fields of air 

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Are mine, fot his. By fi^tal l^t to me 

The liquid empire fell, and trident of the mfm 

Wis pow'r to hollow c&verrts is confiuM : 

There let hllta t^ti, the jailor of the wind. 

With hoarse c()>rnh)&nds his breathing aubjectt mU, 

And boa^ and bluster in his empt/ halt" 

He spoke, «nd while he spoke, he smoothM the eea/^ 

DispellM the darkness and restored the jd^^y* 

Cymothm^i Triton, and the §ea-green train 

Of beauteods ntniphs. the daughters of the maiov 

Clear from the rocks the vessels vit,h their baudet 

The god bij^^self with ready trident stands. 

Ami opes the deep, tind spreads the inpviug sancU; 

Then heaves them off iKe slioaU.— Wherever be 

His finny couystfrs, and in tfiumph rides» 
The waves unruffle, atid the sea subsidesi^ 
As when in tumults rise th^ ignoble crowd. 
Mad are tbeir motions, and their tongues are loud : 
And stones and brands in rattling voueys tly. 
And all the rustic arms that Hiry can supply : 
If then some ^ve and pious man appear^ 
They hush tbehr norse, and lend a list'niug car: 
He soothes witli Sober words their angry ^nood. 
And quenches ihelf innate desire ot blrjoa : 
So, when tlie {uHtttr of the flood appears. 
And o^er the seas his sovereign trident reais. 
Their fury fails .' he skims the liquid pTaios, 
High or. his chariot, and, tvith loosened reins. 
Majestic moves aSong, and awful peace maiiuaiiif. 
The wearf Trtwans pty their shattered oars 
To nearest lanri, ana tliake the Libyan shores. 

Within a long recess there lies a bay . 
An island shades it from the rolling sea, 
And fonns a port secure (at ships to ridet 
Broke bv the iiftting land on either side, 
In double strrams the brinr waters glide. 


160 JENEIS. 

Betwixt two rows of rocks: a sylvau scene 
Appears afcove, and groves for ever green *• ' 
A grot is formM beneath, with mossy seats, - 
To rest the Nereids, and exclude the heats. 
Down through the crannies of the living walls. 
The crystal streams descend in murm'iing,6Ul&. 
No halsers need to bind the vessels here, 
Nor bearded airehors \ for no storms they lear. 
Sev'n ships within this hippy harbour meet, , 
The thin remainders of the scattered fleet, 
The Trojans, worn with toils, and spent with woe*, . 
Leap on the weicomM land, and seek their wished repose 
li'irst, good Achates, with repeated strokes 
Of clashing flints, their hiddeu fires provokes 
Short flame succeeds : a bed of witherM leaves 
The dying sparkles in their ^ receives : 
Caught into life, in fieiy fume^ they rise. 
And, iisd with stronger food, invade the skies. 
I'he Trojans, dropping wet, or stand around 
The cheerful blaze, or lie along the ground* 
i Some dry their corn, infected with the brine, 
VThen grind with marbles, and prepare to dine. 
iEoeas climbs the mountain's airy brow, 
And takes a prospect of the seas below. 
If Capys thence, or Antheus, he could qpy, 
Or see the streamers of Caicus fly. 
No vessels were hi view, but on the plain^ 
Thi«e beamy stags command a lordlv irajn 
Of branching heads : the more ignoble throng 
Attend tlieir stately steps, and slowly erase aUan^ 
He stood ; and while secure they fed below. 
He took the quiver and tlie trusty bow 
Achates usM to bear : the leaders first 
He laid alon^, and tlien tlie vulgar piercM { 
Nor ceasM his arrows, till the shady plain 
Sev*n mighty bodies with tlicir olood distain. 
For tlie sev*n ships, he made an equal share, 
And to the port return^ triumphant from the war. 

' O- 


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The jais ui gsii^toui wine ( Accstcs* gift, 
When his Trinftcriftn chores the navy WtJ 
|-[e set abroach, and for the tfeast prepkr*a, 
<4i equal po<tk»ii8 fAih tl^ veti^wn sharM. 
'J'hus while he dealt it round, the pious chictt' 
With cheerful words iUar'd the common grief.'— 
*'Sidure, and conquer ! Jove win soon dispose, 
To future good, our jpastand pre^nt woes. 
Viitb me, Uie rocks of Scjrila you have tried ; 
Th* inhuman Cyclops, and his den defied. 
What greater His heiieafter c«m 3fou bear ? 
Resume your courage, and dismiss your car6. 
An hour will come, with pleasure to relate 
Vour sorrows past, as benefits of Fate. 
I'hrough various hazards and events, we mOVe ' 
To Latium, and the realms foredoomM by Jove, 
(laird to the scat (the promise of the skies) 
Where Trojan kingdoms otice again may rfite, 
Endure the hardships of your present state ; 
Live, and reserve yourselves fbr better fate." 
These words he spoke, but spoke not fronf HJs Iwait ; 
His outwaM smiles concealed his Inward ^ait. 
The jolly drew, unmindful Of the paA, 
The qnarry share, their plenteous dinrie^r haste. 
Some 9trip the skin ; some pbrtion out the Sj^ii ; 
The limbs, yet trembling, in the caldrons bbil ; 
Some on the fire, the reeking ehtdi9s broil. 
Stretch'd on the gi-a^sy inrf, at eise they dinfe, 
Restore their strength with meat, and chiiei- tlveir sco'lt 

with wine, 
Tueir hunger thQslBippea^*d, fh^ cate atte^s 
The doubtful fortune of their Absent friends : 
Alternate hopes and (bars th^ ntinds ^possess. 
Whether to diMm them dead or in distress. • 
Above the rest, £heas moum^s the fkte ' ' ' 

Of brave Ocontei, and th* uiicertain st&te 
Of Gyas;, L^us, and of Amycns. — 
The day, but not their sorrows, ended thus ; 
vou u 11 

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162 JCNEI8. 

VVlien, from aloft, almighty Jove siirveya 

k^arth, air, and 8lM>res, and navkable seas : 

At length on Libyan realms beax*d his eyes— 

Whom, pondVmg tiius on human miseries, 

When VeniM saw, she with a lowly look, 

Not free fioni tears, her heay^uly sire bespoke »— 

*« O king of gods and men ! whose awful hand 

Disperses thunder on tlie seas and land ; 

Disposes all with absolute command ; 

How could my pious son thy powV incense? 

Or what, alas! is vanished froy^s offencdf 

Our hope of Italy not ofUy lost, 

On various seas by various tempests tossed. 

But shut from ev'ry shore, and barred from cv*ry 

You promised once a progeny divine, 
Of Romans, rising from the Trojan line, 
In after-times slKHjld hold the world in aw9 
And to the land and ocean give the law. 
How is your doom reversed, which eas*d my care 
When Troy was ruin'd in that cruel war ? 
Then fates to fates I could oppose : hut now, 
Wlien Fortune still pursues ner former blow. 
What can I hope ? What worse can slill succeed ? 
W^hat end of labours has your will diecreed ? 
Antenor, from the midst of Grecian hosts, 
Could {MISS secure, and pierce th' lUyrian coasts, 
Where rolling down the steep, Timavus raves. 
And through nine channels nisembogues his waves. 
At length he founded Padua's happy seat, 
A nd gave hie Trojans a secure retreat ; 
There fix*d their arms, arid there renew'd their nain% 
And than in quiet rules,, and crowned with &me 
Bui we, descended iroro your sacred line, 
entitled to your iieav'n^ and rites divine. 
Are banished otMrth, aud,ibr the wrath 6{ one. 
RemovM from Latiuni, andUie promised throne. 
Are tliese our scefHres ' these our due revvardir^ ' 
And is it thus that Jove his plighted faith regard; V* 

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BOOK U JRfiEm. 163 

To whom the father oiW imtaortai race, 
Smiling with that fereao indttWeat face, 
With which he driyes the oloaoa and clean the akiet, 
First gave a holy kiss; then thus lepliet— * 
'' Daughter, diamisstby fears : to thy desire^ 
The fates oi thine are fix'd, and stand entire. 
Thou shalt behold jthy wkih'd Lavintan walls ; 
And, ripe for heaven, whea Fate iEneas calls, 
Then snalt thou bear him vgp, sublime, to me : 
No counsels have reversM my firm* decree. 
And, lest new fears disturb thy happv state. 
Know, I have searched the mystic roik of Fate : 
Thy son (noc is th' apftointed season far) 
In Italy shall ws^esuQcessfid war, 
Shall tame fierce nations in the bloody field. 
And sovereign laws impose, and cities build. 
Till, after ev'ry loe Bubdu'd,.the sun 
Thrice thou(fh the signs his annual race shall run t 
This is his time prefixed. Ascanius then, 
Now called lUlus, shall begin his reign. 
He thirty rolling years the crown slml wear, 
Then from Lavinium shall the seat transfer, - 
And, with hard labour, Alba-longa build. — 
The throne with his succession wall be fiU'd., 
Three hundred circuits more : than shall be«een 
Ilia, the fair, a priestess and a queen, 
Who, full of Mars, in time, with kindly throes, 
Sha^l at a birth two goodly boys disckee. 
The n^al babes a tawny wolf shall drain : 
Then Komulus his grandsire's throne shall gain, 
Of martial towTs tl^ fbundec shall become. 
The people Romans call, the city Rome. 
To them no bounds of empire I assign. 
Nor term of years to their immortal line. 
E'en haughty June; who, with endless broib, 
E^rth, seas, and heaven, and Jove himself, turmoAt 
At length atoned, her friendly pow'r shall join, 
To cherish and advance the Trojan line. 

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The subject w^)^ diftll Roi»<'« dommtoft own, 

Aud, prostrate, shftli fedore *e fifttion of the gofVii 

An age Is tifning in revolving fate, 

When Troy shaH ovcitam the Grecian statfe. 

And sweet r6*eiyge her conqu'nng eons shfcH call, 

To cnish the people that conspired lier fall. 

Then Caesar mm the Julian stock shall rise, 

Whose empire ocean, and whose fame the skies, 

Alone shall bouhd; whon*, fraught with eastern spoils^ 

Our lieav'n, th* just wward of human toils, 

Securely shall repay wkh rites divine ; 

And incase shall ascend before his sacred shrnw. 

Then dire debate, and impioDS war, shall cease, 

And the stern age be soften'd into peace : 

Then banish'd iaith shall once again return, 

And vestal ires in hallow'd temples burn ; 

And Remus with Quirinus shall sustain 

The rightebus laws, and fraud and force restirahi. 

Janus himself before his ftifle shall waif. 

And keep the dreadftil issues of his gate, 

With bolts hnd iron bars : within remainfl 

ImprisonM Fury, bound in brazen chains r 

High on a tropliy raised, of useless arms, 

He sits, and threats the world with vain alarms." 

He 6ailf,^ttnd sent Cyllenius #iih command 
To free the ports, and ope the punic land 
To Trojt!ri*]?u*st4 • lest, jgnoi-ant of fate, 
The queen might ftjrcc them from her town an<l stata. 
Down from the Steep of h^v'n Cyllenius flies. 
And cleff^ee With ttft his wings the yielding skies. 
Soon on tlie Libyiin ^horc descends the god, 
Performs his mfessag*, and displays his rod. 
The surly murminrs of the people Cease j 
And, as the Fates reijuir'd, they ^ve the peace. 
Tne queen 1ier$elf suspends the rigid laws. 
The'TfojAns pity, and protect their cause. 

Meantime in shades of night .^neas lies : 
C*tti« sett*u his iRHil, and slaep forsook his eyes 

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But, when the sun teetofd the cheerfbl day. 

He rose the coart sfnd country to survey, 

Anxious and eagor to discover more.— 

It look'd a wild uncuItivatCKl shord: 

But, whether fattman kin4> or beasts alon^; 

PossessM the iiew-fouii4 region, was unkniown. . 

Beneath a ledga of tocks his flepts he hide^ : 

Tall trees surrowid the flDOontain^s shady s^det: 

The bending brow above a safe retreiit provide^. 

Ami*d with two pointed darts, he leaves ^isfiriendf i, 

And true Achaies on his steps attends. 

Lo ! in the deep recesses of the wood, 

Before his eytf his goddess mother stood-^ 

A huntress in her haiiit and her mien : ^ 

Her dress a naid, her air confessed a queen. 

Bare were hev knees, and knots her ^rmtntt bind i, 

Loose was her hair« and wantonM u the wuk) : 

Her hand sustahi^d a bow ; her quiver bun^ bal)in4» 

She seem*d a ritan of the Spartan blood: 

With such anay Haipalyce bestrode 

Her Thracian courser* and out-stripp*d the rapid 

flood. ' 
^ Ho! stra ng sis ! Iiave you lately seen,** aha md» 
** One of my sisters, like myself array'd. 
Who crossed the lawn, or in the forest stnqr'd ' 
A painted quiver at her back she bore ; 
Varied with spoils, a lynx's hide sne w^mb \ 
And at fiiU ciy pursuM the tusky boar.*' 

Thus Venus: thus her sob replied agaip: 
•* None of your tisif rs hav<^ we heard or seen 
virgin ! or what othet name you bear 
Above that sty]#--0^ moie than mortal fyag^~ 
Your voice aad mksicdestial birth betray 2 
If, as you seem, the sist^ of the day. 
Or one at least of ehaste Diaaa's tram. 
Let not a hutaMe tuppUanS smc ia vaja t. 
But tellm sttsmgev long in tesqiests tost, . 
What eaMh wet4md, and wlio coraraianda the coast f 

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Ibb £NCIS. 

I'hen on yoiir »aines shall wretched nortals call* 
And offer'd victims at your altars fafi." — 
** I dare not," she replied, assume the name 
Of goddess, or celestial honours claim : 
tor Tyrian viigins bows and quivers bear, 
And purple buskins o'er their ankles wear. 
Know, gentle youth, in Libyan lands you are^ 
A people rude in neace, and rough in war. 
The rising city, wnich from fer you sec. 
Is Carthage* and a Tyrian colony. 
Phoenician Dido rules the gtowing state. 
Who fled firom Tyre tb shun her broiher^t bale. 
Great were her wrongs, her story full of fttte^ 
Which I will sum in short. Sichasub, known 
For wealth, iand brother to the panic thitme^- ' 
PossessM fair Dido's bed ; and either heart 
At once was wounded with ai^ equal dart. 
Her rather gave her, vet a spotless maid; 
Pygmalion then the Tyriaii sceptre sway^ct— 
6ne who conteipn*d divine and human laws. 
Then "Strife ensued, and cursed |61d the cause. 
The monarch,. blinded. with desire of wealth. 
With steel irivs^es his brother's tife hy steaMi ; ' 
Before the sacred altar made^im bleed. 
And long from her conceal'd the cruel deed. 
Some tale, some new pretence, he daily ooin'd, 
To sooth his si^r, and delude her mind. 
At length, in dead of night, the ghost appears. 
Of her unhappy lord : the spectre Staines, 
And, with erected eyes, his bosonr bates. 
The cruel altars, and Ms fate, he lells, 
And the diiqe secret of his house reveals, 
Then warns the widow, and her iMnsebold god8» 
To seek a refuge hi reipote abodes. 
Last, to support ber, in so long a way, ' 
He shows her where his hidden treasures lay. 
Admonish'd thus, and sels'd with roorml fl^hl, 
Tlie queen provides companions of her flight* 

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ANEi . 16? 

T\\eY meet, ami all combine to leave tlie s ate, 

Who hate the tyrant, or who fear his hate 

Thejr seize a fleet, which ready ri^M t^iejr find ; 

Nor i«"PygraalHHi's treasuie left behind. 

The vessels, heavy laden, pin m sea 

With prosp*roU8 winds: a woman lead» ihe way. 

I know not» if by stress of weather driv'ii, 

/)r was tiieir fatal coiii'se disposM by heav*A \ 

\t last they landed, where from lar your e^s 

May view the turrets of new Carthaj^ rise ; 

There booghl a epaee of {ground, which (Byraa nall'd 

From the bull's hide) they first enclosed, and wall*d. 

But wheno^ are you ? w^iat country claims your birth ' 

What seek you, strangers on our Libyan ^eartb .^" 

To whom, with sorrow streaming from bis eyes, 
.\nd deeply siting, ttnis her son replies: 
*< Could you with patience hfar, or L relate, 
O nymph ! the tedious annals of our&te. 
Through such a train of woes if I should ton, 
The day would sooner than the talej be done. 
From ancient Troy, by f<Moe ezpeU*d, wreame- > 
If you by cWnce have heard the Trojan name. 
On vanous seas bv- various tempests toss'd, 
At length we laikfed on your Libyan coast 
The good £neas am I call*d-Hi name, 
While Fortune fiivourM, not unknown to fiiraa. 
Mv household gods, companions of ihy woea^^ 
W^ith pious cftie I resetted from our foes.' 
To fruitful Italy my course was bent; 
And from the king of lieav'n is my descent, 
With twice ten sail I crossed the Phrygian sea j 
Fate and my mc^eir goddess led my way. 
Scarce sev*n, the thin remainders of my fteet, 
Fiom storms pieservM, witbhi your harbour meet. 
Myself distressed, an exile, and unknown, 
l>ebarr*d from Europe, and frum Asia thiowni 
In Libyan deserts wander tlius aionei*' 

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1 68 JCNCiJk 

His teticfor paretn could im> kmsmr besr, 
Kul, interposing, sought to sooih bis can. 
*• Wtioe'er yoo are — not unbeloir'd by heaven, 
Since on our friendly shore your 8hip& am d^v's— . 
Have courage : to the gods pennil ihe cqpt, 
And to the c^Mto expose your just request* 
Now take this earnest of sueeess Sat naoce ; 
Your scatteiM leet is iom'd upan tba fhore ; 
The wiDdrtw shan^d, your mends fiom daagsr 600 ; 
Or I renounce my skitt in aoguiy. 
Twelve sWat)» behold Id beauteoiftsavder moiva,-, 
And stbo() with closiiu bIihods Irom above; 
Whom late the bird of Jora bad driv'n alQi^ 
And througli th» clouds purau*d Ihe seatt^ciog thxong 
Now an united in a gooafy team, 
Thev skim the groo^, and seek the (|uiei stn^aoi ) 
As they, with jof returning, oiap their wiogi^ 
And ride the circuit of the skies in rings; j 
Not othei-wiM your ships, and e^ry friend. 
Already bold me- port, or with swift mh de9een4> 
No more\idTlca ts needful, baft- pwrsua 
The path before you, and the town in view.*' 

Thus bavins said, sha tuni*d, and made apfi^u^ 
Her neck refti^ent, and disheveU'-d hair, 
Which flowing from her shookleffs reached tl^ ground^ 
And wid^y spread amfovosial scenns acaun^* 
In length entrain deseends her sweeping gowa ; 
And, by her gracefol walk, the qtieen of )^^ is Jinqwi^ 
The pnnce pursu'dthe parting dei^ 
With words like these : ** Ah T whither dp yp^ % ? 
Unkind and cruel ! to deceive 3rour son 
In borrowM shapes, and his embcMa ta fhu;> ; 
Never to btoss my sight, but thus unknown ;; 
And still to speak in accents not ;four own.** 
Against the goddiess these oomt^ainits he made. 
But took the path, and her command^ obey-d* 
Thev march obscure; for Venus kindly shrouds, 
With mists, their persons, and involves in clouas 

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That, thus unaeeot tiieir paaaufi none migUi tfb^f^ 

Or force to tell the causes of iheir way. 

This part peribrm'd, the gockless flies 8ubUiM« 

To visit Paphoe^aod bei nsuive olini«» 

Where garlands, ever gueen and ever Mt^ 

With vows are ofier*d« «id will) soUom pst^^t^ 

A hundred altais in hmt temple smoke; 

A thousand bleeding hewrtsiMki^pow'r inwket ^^ 

They climb the ne&t ascenk «nd, loolw^ d<mi|» 
Now at a nearev distance view 4he town. 
The prince wkb wondtri seeet^stiiteliy teW'Si* 
(Which late wan Jauts, and. ahepliecds^ hofnely bow^rt ) 
The gates and«tfeetav and bears, firom ev'iy.partt 
The noise and busy aoocourseof the inMt 
The toiling Tyrianaon eaeb other call, . 
To ply their labour ; ttMue extend the wall.; 
Some build'tbe eitadel ; the. brawny thnopg; 
Or dig, or oush. uiMMieldy sionee aloag 
Some for theif dwelling! ch«Qse a spet <4 sroviv)* 
Which, first design^d^ with ditches they siinouiKi. 
Some laws ordain*^ aed senie Mimnd tbe^cl^oice , 
Of hcly senates, aod elea t^' ¥oice» 
Here some design a erale, wbile others t|b(^ . 
Lay Jeep fouji<^iipns for a theatre* 
From marUe quairiesmiglHy cqIuiiids hf^w, 
F or o^oainentfi oajSQeoes,. and fuune view. 
Such is their toij^ and such their bu^y pains, 
As exMrcise-^he bees in fiowVy plains, 
When winter past, and. stnnm^r sps^rce begt^gb 
Invites them fortlv to labour in the sun,:, 
Some lead thetr youth abroad, while sofne coo^^tt 
Their liquid store, and, some in cells di^nse ; 
Some at the g^tea stand ready to receive 
The golden btirden, and their Driends relieve i 
AHr, with unjted force, combine 
The lasy drones* Irom the laboriops hive: 
With envy stung, tliey view each other^s cleeds^ 
The firagiant work Mith diligence proceeds. /^ 

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170 x^E^». 

•* Thrice happy yoii, whpse waU» ahencly ri«:'** 
iKneas said, and view'd, wiih hited eyes, 
Their lofty tow're : tl>en ent'riug at tlie gatci 
Conceal'd in clouds, (prudigious to relate) 
He mixM, unmark*d, among tlie busy tUmiig, 
Borne by the tade^ and passed unseen aloug. 
Full in the centre of the towntlBeve stood, 
Thick set With trees^ a v«rieftU)le wiood^ 
The Tyrians, landing hcdy ground, .. 
And digging here^ a prosp^«Hi»omen found : 
From undet «arth a coursevs head they drewi, . . 
T\mr growth and future fortune, to foresh«:w i . 
This fat«r) ti^n their foumirest Juno gave^ , 
Of a soil fruitAil, and a people brave. 
Sidonian Dido here with sc^emn state 
Did Jiino^s temple build, and consecrate, 
Enrich'd witb* gifts, and with a gcddeo sliriae, 
But more the goddess made the place divine. 
On brazen steps the marble threshold rose, 
A nd bnizon plates the cedar beams enclose : . 
The rafters are with braeen coverings crown'd ; 
The lolly doors on braeen hinges sound. 
What first iBneas in this place beheld, 
Reviv'd his courage, and his fear expell'd. 
For— while, expecting there the queen, be rais*d 
His wondering eyes, and round the temple gas^d, 
AdmirM the fortune of the rising town, 
The striving artists, and their arts' reriowR — 
ble saw, in order painted on the wall, 
Whatever did unhappy Troy befall — 
The wars tTiat iiime around the world had blown. 
All to the life, and ev'ry le&der known. 
There Agamemnon, Priam here, he spies. 
And fierce AchiHes, who both kings defies. 
He stepped, and weening said, **0 firiend! e*wi hn 
The monuments of Trojan woes appear ! 
Our known disasters fill e*en foreign lands: 
^ee theie, where old unhappy Priam stands ! 

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JENEIS. 17 a 

K'en the mute walls relate the warrior's fame. 
And Trojan griefs the Tyriaris' pity claim.** 
He said— (his tears a ready passage find) 
Devouring what he saw so well designM, 
And with an empty picture fed his mind: 
For there he saw the fkJntmg Gifecrans yield, 
And here the trembFrnc Trojans quit the field, 
I'ursu'd by fierce Achffles through the plain, ' 
On bis high chariot driving o^er the shtin. 
The tents of Rhesus next nis'grief renew. 
By their white sails betray'd to nightly view ; 
And wakeful Dioinede, whose cruel sword 
The sentries slew ; nor spar'd their slumb'ring lord. 
Then took the fieiy steeds, e'fe yet the food 
Of Trov they taste, of drrok the Xanthian flood. 
Elsewhere he saw Where TroWus defied 
Achilles, and nneqitad combat tried ; 
Then, where the boy disarmed, with loosened reins, 
Was by his horses burriedo'er the plams*, 
Hung by the neck and hatir: ftitd, dragg'd around, 
The hostae spear, y*t ^tickihg iti his wound, 
With tracks of blcbd inscribed the- dusty ground. 
Meantime the Trojan dames, oppressed With wo, 
To Pallas' fane in long procession go'. 
In hopes to ret^oncHe their he*ivertlyfbe: ' 
They weep ; thef beat their breaits? they rend theftr 

hahf. ■' 

And rich embroideif d vests fbf presents bear: 
But the stem goddess stands unmoved with pray'r. ' ' 
Thrice round the Trojart walls Achilles drew • ' 
The corpse of Hector, whom rtt fight he slew. 
Here Pnam sues ; and there, for sutiis of |Old, 
The lifeless body of his son he sold. 
So sad an object, and so well e<press'<l. 
Drew sighs and groans from t!ie grtev'd hero's breast, 
To see 3ie figure of his lifeless friend, 
And his old siifc his helpless hands extend. 

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17S jKHkis. 

Himself he saw amidst the Giccian train, 
Mix*d in the bloody baiUe on tite plain : 
And swarthy Memnon in his arms he knew, 
His pomuous ensigns, and his Indian crew. 
Penthesilea there, with haughty grace^ 
Leads to the wa*-s an Amazonian race : 
In their riaht bands a pointed dart tliey wield ; 
The left, lor ward, sustains the lunar shield. 
Athwart her breast a golden belt she throws, 
Amidst tlie prpss alone provokes ^ thous^d foes, 
And dares her maiden arms to manly fojce oppose. 
Thus while the Trojan prince entploys his ey^s. 
FixM on the walls with wonder and euffprise, 
The beauteous Oido^with a num*ix>u^ train. 
And pomp of guards, ascends the sacred Can4* 
Such on Lurotas* banks, or Cynthue* height, 
Diana seems ; and so she cbeLsms the signt. 
When in the danoe the graceful godde^ lead^ 
The choir ot nymphs, and overtopfir their heads 
Known b^ ber quiver, and hec lot^ mien. 
She walks majestic, and she looks their queen: 
LAtonia sees tier shine above the re@^ 
And feeds with secret Joy her silent breast. 
Such Dido was; with such becoming statcw 
Amidst the crowd she walks serenely great, < 
Their labouc to her future sway sbe speeds. 
And passing with a gracious glance procee(k, 
^ Then mounts the throne, Y^\g\^ plackl bcfpre tbQ shiinc 
In crowds arouud,,ibe swi^rming people joii).. 
She takes petitions, apd dispen^s laws, 
Hears and detecmines ev^ry private cause: 
Their task in equal pottionssbe divides* . 
And, where unequal, there b^' lot decides. 
A n other way bycbance^ ^nea s bauds 
Hid eyes, i^nd unexpected sees his friends, 
Antheus, Sergestus grave, Cloantluis stroug. 
And at their backs a migiity Titsjian throngs 

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Whom M» \ii6 tempett oh \hb biltbWs tos^d, 

And widely scatterM on another toast. 

The prince, unseen, surpri^d with, wonder Mthds, 

And longs, 5^itb joy^l haste, to join their hands: 

But, doubtful of tlie wishM event, he stays. 

And from tlie hollow cloud his friends surveys, 

Impatient till thev told their pre^nt state, 

And where they teft their ships, and what their fttte, 

And why they came, and what was their request • 

For these were sent, commisskm'd by the re^t, 

To sue for leave to land their sickly men, 

And |suii admiftskm to the gracious queen. 

Ent*nng, with cries they 6UM die holy £ine; 

Then thus, with lowly voice, Oioneos began : 

** O queen .' indulged by favour of the gods 

To round an empire in these new abodes ; 

To build a town ; with statutes to restrain 

The wild inhabitants beneath thy reign — 

We wretched Trojans, to«*d on ev'ry ihore, 

From sea to sea« thy clemency. implore. 

Forbid the fires our shipping to defkce ; 

Receive th* unhappy fugitives to grace, 

And spare the renmaiu of a pious race ! 

We come not with design of Wasteful prey, i 

To drive the country, force the swains away : 

Nor such our strength, uor such is our des&^ { 

The vanquished dare not to such thoughts lisplrtf, 

A land there is, Hesperia namM of old— . 

The soil is firuitful. and the men are bold — 

Th* CEno^ahs.heId it once— by common fartte. 

Now called Italia, from the leader's name. 

To that sweet region was our voya^ bent. 

When winds, and every warring element, 

Disturb'd our course* and, far frohi sight of land. 

Cast our torn vessels on the moving sand : 

The sea came on ; tlie South with mighty roar, 

Oispei-sM and dashM the rest upon tlie rocky tlmre. 

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1 74 JENEIS. 

Those few you see, esciip^d the storm, and kta^ 

Unless you interpose, a shipwreck her?. 
- What men, what monster^ what inhuman race, 
What laws, what baibarous customs of tlie place. 
Shut up a desert shore to drowning men, 
And drive us to the cruel seas a^ain ? 
If our hard fortune no compassion draws, 
Nor how>itable rights, nor human laws, 
The gods are just, and will revenge our cause, 
^neas was our prince — a juster lord. 
Or nobler wai-rior, never drew a sword — 
Observant of tlie right, religious of his wwd. 
If yet he lives, and draws this vital air, 
Nor we his friends of safety shall despair. 
Nor you, great queen, these offices repent. 
Which he will e^ual, and perhaps augment. 
We want not cities, nor Sicilian coasts, 
Where king Ancestes Trojan lineage boasts. 
Permit our ships a shelter on your shores, 
Refitted from your woods with planks and oar« 
That, if our prince be safe, we may renew 
Our destinM course, and Italy pursue. 
Bi t if, O best of men ! the Fates ordain 
That thou art swnllowM in the Libyan main, 
And if our young lulus be no more, , . 

Dismiss our uavv from your friendly shoi-c, 
That we to good Ancestes may return, 
And with our friends our common losses mouru 
Thus spoke Tioneus ; the Trojan crew 
With cries and clamours his request renaw. 
The modest queen awhile with downcast eyea^ 
Pondered the speech, then briefly thus replies: 
" Trojans ! dismiss your fears : hiy cruel fate^ 
And doubts attending an unsettled state. 
Force me to guard my coast from foreign foes. 
Who has not heard the story of your woes. 
The name and fortune of your native place. 
The fame and valour of the Phrygian race ? 

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£NEIS. 17b 

We Tyrians are iiot so devoid of senso, 

?Jor so remote from Phoebus' influence. 

Whether Vo tAtian shores youc course is bent, 

Or driven by tempests from your first intent, 

You seek the good Ancestes' government. 

Your men shadl be receivM, your fleet repaii'd. 

And sail, with ships of convoy for your guard : 

Or, would you stay, and join your friendly pow'rs 

To raise and to defend the Tyrian tow'rs, 

IVf y wealth, my city, and myself, are yours. 

And would to heav'n, the storm you felt, would bring 

On Carthaginian coasts your wand'rkig king. 

My people shal^ by my command, explore, 

Th i ports and creeks of ev'ry winding shore, 

And towns, and wilds, and shady woods, in quest 

Of so renownM, and so desired a guest." 

Raised in bis mind the Trojan hero stood. 
And long'd to break from out his ambient cloud: 
Achates iouod it, and thus urgM his way : . 
• From whence, O goddess-bom, this long delay ? 
What more can you desire,, your wekome sure, 
Your fleet in safely, and your friends secure ? 
One only wants ; and him we saw in vain 
Oppose the storm; and swallowM in the main. 
Orontet ia iua late our forfeit paid : 
The rest a«pees with What your mother said.** ,, 

Scarce had he spoken, wli^a the cloiidgave way. 
The mist flew 'npwarr'., and dissolved m day. 
The Trojan ^ief app^ar'd in open sights 
August in visage, aiid serenely bright. 
His mother goddess, witb her lianas divine^ 
Had formM hie curling locks and madf hU tem^UeA 

And giv'n his rolling e^ a:spackiing grace, 
And breatb*a a youthuil vigour on his face; 
Like pcdUhM iv'ry beauteous tp behold, 
Or I^rian marble, when enchas'd in gold 

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nd jBNBIS. 

Thus radiant from the cirolifig cloud he broke { 
And thus with mairiy modesty he spoke : 
•< He whom you seek am I ; by tempests toseM, 
And sav'd from shipwreck on your Libyan coast; 
Presenting, gracious queen, before your throne, 
A prince that owes his life to you alone. 
Fair majesty ! the refuge and redress 
Of those whom Fate pursues, and wants opptesa! 
You, who your pious offices employ 
To save the relics of abandon^a T«)y, 
Receive the shipwrecked on your friendly shore, 
With hospitable rights relieve the poor ; 
Associate in your town a wandering traiu. 
And strangers in your palace entertain. 
What thanks can wretched fugitives return. 
Who scattered through the world, in exile inoorn f 
The gods, (if gods to goodness are inclined-* 
If acts of mercy touch their heavenly mind) 
And, more than aU the gods^ your generous faeaiff 
Conscious of^ worthf requites its owa desettl 
In you this age is happy^ mnd this earth ; 
And parents more than mortal gave yoQ birth. 
While rolling rivers intowas shall run, 
And round the ^ee«f heaven the radiant sun ) 
While trees the mountain-tops with sl«de» satppls^ 
Vour honour, nairrte, and praise^ shall never «nfc 
Whate*erabode rciy fortune has assignM, 
Vour ima^e sbftH be present in my mind.'* 
Thus havmg said, he tum'd with pious hatie* 
And joyful his expecting friends embmc'd c 
With his rigWhand IlioneMs was grae'd, 
Sergestes with fh» lefi? ^en to bis breast . 
floanthus and the noble Gyas pressM ; 
And so by tu^n^ descendad to tim rest. ^ - 

The Tjrrian (]4ieeh stood fiz;*d upon hifs fae'e 
rieasM with his niotions, ravished with h}6.^f«: 
Admir*d his fortaiie», more admirM the tnim , 
Tnen recollected stood ; and thus began : 

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<• What fete, O goddess-born ! what angry powers 
Have cast you shipwreck'd on our barreii shores? 
Arc you the great .Eneas, known to fame, ^ , , 
Who from celestial seed your iineage claim ?|^/ 
The same .Eneas whom fair Venus bore ^^ 
To fkm'd Anchiles on th* Idseaii shore ? < ■ 

it calls into my mind, tiro ugh then a child, , ., ^^ ^^ 
When Teucer came, from Salamis exil'd. 
And sought my father's aid, to be restored • 
My fiither Belus then with fire and sword 
Invaded Cyprus, made the region bare, ,^ 

And, conq'ring, finish^ the successful war^' ^^^ 
From him the Trojan siege I understood, '. ^. 
The Grecian chiefs, and your lUustrious blooo. 
Your foe himself the Dardan valour praisM, 
And his own ancestry from Trojans rais'd. 
£nter, my noble guest J and y^u shall find, 
If not a costly welcome, yet a kind : 
For I myself, like you, have been distress'd. 
Till heav'n afforded me this place of jrest. 
Like you, an alien in a land unknown, ', 

I learn to pity woes so like my own/* 
She said, and to the palace led her guest, 
Then offer'd incense, and proclaimM a feast. ^ .. 
Nor yet less careful for her absent friends,. ,. y^ 
Twice ten fat oxen to the ships she sends: •,,, »,.. 
Sesides a hundred boars, a hundred lambs, . j;| 
With bleating: cries, attend their milky dams : J , 
And jars of genVourwine, and spacious bowla^ 
She pves to cheer the sailors' drooping souls. 
Now purple hangings clothe the palace-walls 
And sumptuous feasts are made in splendid hallt. 
On Tyrian carpets, richly wrought, they dine ; 
With loads of massy plate the sideboards eliioe. 
And antique vases, all of gold emboss'd, 
HThe gold itself mferior to the co^ 
VOL. I. ■• 'MS 

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178 JuiRn. 

Of curious work) where on the tides were seen 
The fights and figures of ilhistrious men. 
From Uieir first ^nder to the present queen. 

The good ^neas, whose paternal clure 
lulus* absence could no kmgwr bear, 
Despatched Achates to the ehips in Imsie, 
To give a elad relation of the past. 
And, frau^t with preeioM gifu^ to bring the boj\ 
SnatchM from the ruins of unhi^spy Tipjp— 
A robe of tissue, sttff with gelden wif»; 
An upper vest, once Heieii^ rich attire. 
From ArgosbrtheftmViiiidukreBs brought, 
With golden flow'rs and windiog ibUage wrought'- 
Her mother Leda*s p ie sem , when she came 
To ruin Troy, and set Mie vmrid on flame; 
The sceptre Priam'b'eidest daugfater bore, 
Her orient necklace, and the oroWn she wore 
Of double texture, glbHout to behold; 
One order set wfth |em«, and one with ffAA^ 
Instructed thus, fhv wise Achates goes, 
And, in his diligence, his duty showe. 

But Venus, anxioue fbr ber^sotis aiibics, 
New counsels tries, and new ileeigns prvpares^- 
That Cupid ^hduld assume the skape and face 
Of sweet Ascanius, and the sprightly graee ; 
Should bring the ^resenis, in her aepbew's stead. 
And in Kliza^s veins the cende poison shed : 
For much she iear*d the Tjrriane, double tonguVi, 
And knew the towto to Jmn^s case belongM. 
These thoughts byfifight her apMen slumbers Itroke 
And thus, idarmM, to winged Lovie she spoke : 
** My son, my strengfli, wheae nnchty pew'r ahine 
Controls the thttnd*r^ o» hie awnii thfonOr 
To thee thy much i^ieted iBOiher wes. 
And on thy succour and thy finiih relias. 
Thou knowst, my son, how Java's levensefwi w.i>, 
By force and firaud, attempts thy brother's life : 

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And often hast Uiou moum^d with me lvis|>aii)ti. 
Him Dido now witli blandishntent det^'uis ; 
But 1 suspect the town where Juno reigns. 
For this, His needful to prevent her art. 
And fire with love the pioud Pljoenician^s heart — 
A love 80 violent, ao- strong, so sure, 
That neither age can change, nor art can cure. 
How this may be performed, now take my mind; 
Ascanius, by hit ntlier, is designM 
To come, with presents laden, from the port. 
To gratify the queen, and gain the court. 
1 mean to plunge the boy in pleasing sleep, , 
And, ravish'd, in Idalian bovv'rs to iteep, 
Dr high Cythera, that the sweet, ueceit 
May pass unseen, and none prevent^the cheait 
Take thou his form and sliape. 1 be^ the gfanc^ 
But only for a night's revolving sp|u:e, 
Thyself a boy, assume a bey's dissembled &ce; 
That when, amidst the fervour of the feast, 
Tiie Tyrian hugs and foods thee on hor breast. 
And with sweet kisses in her arms constrains; 
Thou mayst infuse thy venom in her veins.'* 
The god of love ol^eys, and sets aside 
His tx)w and quiver, and bis plumy pride: 
He walks liilus in his mothers sieht. 
And in the sweet resemblance taxes delight. , 
The goddess then to voung Ascanius mes. 
And in a pleasing sUunoer seals his eyes * 
LuU'd in her lap amidst a train of Ix)ves,, , . , 
She gently bears him to. her blissful groves. 
Then with <a frreath of myrtle ciqwns his head. 
And softly lays him on a upw'ry bed. 
Cuiiid mc^tiope assum'd hif>:form and fece. 
Following Achates with a shqrter pa^ce, 
And brought the gifts. The queen, already sale 
Amidst the Trojan lords, in shining state. 
High on a golden bed: her. princely guest , , 
Was next her side ; m order sate we rest. 

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\6i) AifEis. 

Then canisters with briead are hea|^*d on high 

Th* attendants water for their hands sup^y, 

Andf having washM. with silken towels dry. 

Next Afty handmains in long order bore 

The censers, and with fumes the gods adore: 

Then youths and virgins, twice as many, join 

To place the dishes, and to servp ilie wihe. 

The Tyrian train adralttea to the feast. 

Approach, and on the painted couches rest. 

AU on the Trajan gIfVs with wonder gaze, ' 

But view the beauteous boy with more amaze, 

His rosy-colour'd cheek*, ms radiant eyes, 

His motions, voice, and shftpe, and all the god's disguise ; 

Nor pass u upraised the Vest and veil divine. 

Which wan*dTing fbliage' flowers entwine; 

But, far abo^ the rest, the i-oyal dame, 

(Already dooin*d to love*s disastrous flame) 

With eyes insatiate, arid tumultuous joy. 

Beholds the presents^ and admires the boy. 

The guileful god, about the hero long, 

With child rei)*s play, and fklse embraces, hung ; 

I'hen sought the queen : she took liim to her pxm^ 

With greedy pleasure, and dfevpur'd his charms. 

Unhappy Dido little thought what guest, 

How dire a god, she drew so near ner breast. 

But he, not mindless of his ihother^s pray'r. 

Works in the -pliant bosom of thefeiir. 

And moulds her heart anew, and blotdhet* former care. 

The dead is to the livmg love re*ri AM ; 

And all -Enea» enters in her nrihtr 

Now, when the rage of hunger wiftfe app«!fs>!; 
The meat removed, and e^ry guei^t Dvas proas'*" 
The golden berkte witfi ^peurkhng wine are cro#(*d, 
And through tbepdlafei Cheerful cfleSf resound; 
From gild^ tobft depehditig lamps ohplay' 
Nocturnal beamt^ tliat einulaie the'dflyC 
A golden bowl, that slione with gemif divine; 
Tlie queen commanded to be crownM with wine^ 
The bowl that Belus usM, and all the Tyrian lipe. 

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Then, silence througn the hall [MreclaunM, she spoke 

** O, hospitable Jove ! we thus inv(^e, 

With solemn rites, thy sacred oame and povi*rs 

Bless to botbuaiions this aumicious hour! 

So may the Trojan»and the Tynan line 

(n lastngooncord from ^^s day combine. 

Thou, BacchusyC^ <if ioys and friendly cheer. 

And grades Juno, .botn be present here! 

And you, my lords 6f Tyre, your vows address 

To heav'n, with mine, to ratify the peace." 

The goblet then she took, with nectar crown'd, 

(Sprinkling the first libations on the ground,) 

And raisM it to her mouth with sober grace, 

Then, sipping, ofier'd to the next in place. 

*Twas Bitias whom she calPd— a thirsty soul j 

He took the challenge, and embrac'd the bowl. 

With pleasure swill'd the gold, nor ceasM to dr /, 

Till be the bottom of the brimmer saw. 

The goblet goes around : lopas brought 

His golden lyre, and sung what ancient Atlas tauglit— 

The various labours of the wandering moon. 

And whence proceed th* eclipses of the sun ; 

Th* original of men and beasts; and whence 

The rains arise, and fires their warmth dispense, 

And fix*d and erring stars dispose their influence ; 

What shakes the solid earth ; what cause delays 

The summer nizhts, and shortens winter days. 

With peals of shouts the Tynans praise the song; 

Those peals are echo*d by the Trojan throng. 

Th* unnappy queen with talk prolonged the night. 

And drank large draughts of love with vast delight ; 

Of Priam much inquird, of Hector more ; 

Then a8k*^d what arms the swarthy Memnon wore, 

What troops he landed on the Trojan shore ; 

(The steeds of Diomede varied the discourse, 

And fierce Achilles, with his matchless force) 

At length, as Fate and her ill stars leiiuirM, 

To hear the series of the war desir*d. 

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)^i J&NEI8. 

* Relate ai large, my god-like guest,*' she said, 

• The Grecian strat&geros, the town betrayM : 
The fatal issue of so long a war. 

Vour flight, your wandVings, and your woes d(%larf« 
For, since on ev'ry sea, on ev'ry coast. 
Your men have been distressM, your navy loss'd, 
Sev'n times the sun has either tropic view*d, 
The winter banishM^ and the spring rcnBW»d.* 

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^ N B I S. 


AneM reUie« how Uie city of Troy vtm titkttD,^ alter a tMl 
years' siege, by the t^vachery of Qiiion^aud the 6tratK> 

Sam of • wooden hoitie. Qe declares the fixed resolution 
e bad taken hot to snrviTo the ruin of his cottntry, and 
the Tarious adventares he met with in defence of it. At 
last, having been hefwtt •*ri«64 Uy Hector's ghost, and 
now by the appMhuiaeof Jhia mother VtAus^ he is prevail* 
ed upon to ifav^ (he |OWp» and settle^his household suds 
in another country. lit order to ws, he caiTies on his 
lather on his shoulders, and leads ni^ little son by the 
handf'liis wife fOllbwing^him behind. When he comes to 
the place appointed for Ae general rendeaWtts, he finds « 
great eonfluence of people, but miseea his wiie« whos« 
ghost afterwards appeara lo hin^ and teUa him the laad 
wtiich was designed (ot: hiw. 

ALL were atteuUve ie tiie godlUL* Bitn> 
When from his loftf eo«eh he thn began : 
' ' Great i^eeti, what^ y^n oeaRnand tne io relaU 
Renews the sad remenbraace ci'QVir fate. 
An empire ^om its old foundations rent) 
And every wo the Trojans nnderwent; 
A peopled eity made a desert plaee : 
All that I saw and part of which I was ; 
Kot e'en the' hardest of onr foes could hear, 
Nor stern Ulysses hear, without a tear. 

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184 JLHEIS. 

And now the latier watch of wasting night, 
And setutig stars, to Jbindly rest invite. 
But, since you take such i»t*rest in our wo, 
And Troy*8 disastroos ^cbdefireiD know, 
I will restrain my tears, afid briefly tell 
What in our last and fatal night befell. 
By destiny compelPd, and in despair, 
The Greeks grew weai^ o$[tlii^j|ediou8 war, 
And, by Minerva's aid, a fabric reared. 
Which like a steed of nw»stxous height appeared : 
The sides were planked M^lh pine: theyfeiga'd it mad« 
For their return, andthiHhtf vW they paid. 
Thus they pretend, but in 1h« 'hoUow side* 
Selected nurwbevs of their scidters hide : 
With inward arms tl^ 4i^jpDachjne they k)a(5 ; * . 
And iron boweli^ stuff tj^edack abode. , 

lo sightof Tit^ lies Tem^im an isk 
(While Fortutva Aid 6fi Pnani^s ennpirejsfnik) 
Renown'dfbr wesBth f but, sine* a fkithless baiy. 
Where ships exp08*d to winS Arid wcatbw lay, 
There was tHeir fleet co«ceal'd W*? thought 'for f5rccce 
: Tiietr sail» w«r9 ho^sted^ and mif fears release. . 
The Tfojons; coopM within thc;ir walls so long, 
' Unbar their gMM.and iMne in a ihiong. 
Like swarming pees, and with ddight^vnrv^ 
The catnp deserted, whow th e G recians lay : 
The quarters of the scv'ral chiefs they show'd — 
Here Phoenix, inr* Aebities, tmado abode ; > - ^ 
Here joinM< tiie tentes ^ litmtt the^iiifivy rQd«> . 
Fait-OB the!pite«thev wttod^ 13119^ ayos •mpioy*^ 
The pile by J?«ll«»«aM*d to sudn Tifi^y. . . , r 

Thymoetes ^rH Ctia (tetiblful wii^thej hir'd. 
Or so tlie Troj^i dwfioy ■equir'd) i • . ,, . 
Mov'd that the ram^avts mig^t be broken dpwi^t 
To lodge the monger &biic in the town. 
But Capyfi and the rest of sounder mind,. . 
The fatiu present to the flam^ designed, 

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Of to Che watiry ileeip ; at least to bon ; 

Tne hollow sides, and hidden £raudt espkw. 

The giddy vulgar, as tbeir fanciae gttide» • , 

With noise say nothing, and in imupIs dtvida. . 

Laocoon, followed by a nurn'rousdowV), 

Ran from the fort, and oned«.finai Jbc,:akMid:' < 

«* O wretched countrymen ! what farjr Mi^>'. . . 

What more than madaastihas potsessM jrour brains f 

Think you the Grecians ffom your coasts are-gone ^ 

And are Utysses^ axtsno betMr imowD? 

This hoUow fobrio either mos^ entlaaa» ^ 

Within its blind recess; ^wr secvfifbea; > 

Or 'tis an engine raised abdvetba UMejfe : ' 

T* overlook the walls, and them to/batleridoKrik > 

Somewhat is sore design^ by ^fmud or jfoMO-r*: . 

Trust not thei^pce6en«s,dBor>adn)it thoJtovsa.^ . 

Thus hairing saMl, agaiqst km ale0d he t^m» 

His forceful's^r,:!!^^^ hissing a^it/Bewi i: 

PiercM thrm]gi»ibci.'>'i^ding pla^k^ eCJoialtd wood, '. 

And trembling io tba^hc^ow beUy sload,. ., , 

The sides transpierdM, retuin a nfttiingfOUnd : > > 

And groaii8>of Gseaka inolos'd cdoiftMMiog IhrougK tne 

wounds . . * ^ , • . :.'».». 

And bad liot heav^vlfee iall of Troy dcsign'«l * - 
Or had not mm beeniated to be blind, . . ;. 
Enough was said and done, t* inii|Mre. i^ betlw wind. ' 
Then had our lances pi^*4l.tbe tieacb'BQiui wood, 
And inan tow^rs'and JpBBrti'js.arDpirft staod, . 
Meantime, wiih shouli^ tha TM^an fihej^bardi bring 
A captive Gseek in-bands».bemcube Juag^*- 
Taken, to take— who made himecdf thipiir prey, 
T* impose on tbescbeUef; and Troy bfiUay \ 
Fix*d on^fais alhi, and o^inttlely bent 
To die undaimted, orvto oiroumvent 
About the captive^ tideb ott Timans flow ;. > . . 
All press to see^and some iAaiut.tfie foe^ .. 
/9ow hear how well the Greeks their wiles di^uis^d > 
Behold a nation in a roan comprisM. 

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lie &KKJS. 

Trembling the miBOoeant stood : uiiarutM 9n<1 bpuiutf 
He star^d^ttod roU^d bit haggard eyes arouud« 
Then said, *< Alatl what earth reioaius, what sea 
U open to Deceive unhappy me i 
What iate a wretched nigitive attends, 
Scom'd by my^/oes, abandoned by m v irieiids ! 
He said, and sigh'd, and cast a rueful eye :. . 
Our piQr kindles, and ope piitsions diei. < 
We cheer the youth, to nmlLC his own dei'ence. 
A nd freely tell us what -be was, and whence * 
What news he coukl impart, we long to know. 
And what to credit fiom a captive he. 

His fear at length ditmiss'd, he saidv " Whatever 
My fate ordainc, my words shall be sincere ; 
1 neither can, nor dare any hiftb dtsclakn \ 
Greece il my country^ Sinon ia my najije, 
Though pkmgM by Foctune'ft powV in misery, 
*Ti8 not m Fortune'f pow*r to make me lie. ■, 
W any chance has iihher brought the ntme 
Of Palamedesrttot unknown to fkme, 
Who suflbr'd from the roalke of the Unies, 
Accused and iencenc'd tot pntended crimes* 
Because the fetal wars he would prevent; 
Whose death the wretched Gredts too Ute lamcHf— 
Me, then a boy, my &ther, poor and bare 
Of other means, committed to bis care, 
His kiaeman and companion in the war.:. 
While Fortune favourd, while his arms siippMrt . 
The eause, and rul'd the counsek of the court, . 
I made some figure there ; nor was my oalAe . 
Obscure, nor I without m^ share of >iknm* 
But when Ulysses, with iallacious arts. 
Had made impressions in the people's hearts. 
And foig'd a treason in my patrons aame^ 
(I speak of things too far divuk'd by fiune) 
My kinsman fell. Then I, without support, 
In private moumM hit loss, and leA the courL 

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mff^B. 187 

Mad as I was, I could not bear his fate 
With silent grief, but loudly blam'd the state, * * 

And cursM the direful author of my woes.-^ 
'Twas told again, and hence my ruin rose. ' ^'^'" " 
I threaten'd, if indulgent heav'n once more '"* 
Would land me safely on my native shore, , . 

His death with double vengeance to restore. . 

This movM the murderer's hate , and soon ensu'd ' 
Th* effects of malice from a man so proud. ^ [^ 

Ambiguous rumours through the camp he spread, ^.. 
And sought, by treason, my devoted head ; ^[ " 

New crimes invented ; left unturn'd no stone, 
To make my guilt appear, and hide his own ; 
Till Calchas was by force and threat'ning wrought— 
But why— why dwell I on that anxious thought? 
If on my nation just revenge you seek, . .,' 

And *tis t' appear a foe t* appear a Greek ; ' "*' "^ ' 
Already you my name and country know: ^ '* *". 
Assuage your thirst of blood and strike the blow: " 
My death will both the kingly brothers please, " '* 
And set insatiate Ithacus at ease." ■ * 

This fair unfinished tale, these broken starts^''*"^'''' ''1 
Rais'd expectations in our longing hearts; '^^ ' : '•. 
tJnknowing as we were in Grecian arts. ^^ ■«/*»* «<^^* 

His former trembling onde again renewM, " '"^^ '^l\ 
With acted fear, the villain thus pursu'd : ''".,. 

" Long had the Grecians (tir*d with fruitless care, 
And wearied with an unsuccessful war) ' 

ResolvVl to raise the siege and leave the towni 
And, had the gods permitted, they had gone. '*^' • * " 
But oft the wintry seas, and southern winds, ' 
Withstood their passage home, and changed their mlndt 
Portents and prodigies their souls amazM ; 
But most, when this stupendous pile was raisM 
Then flaming meteors, hung in air, were seen, 
And thunders rattled through a sky serene. 
Disinay'd, and fearful of some dire event, '''•' ' 
Eurypylus, t' inquire their &te, was sent. 

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1^8 mtnsin. 

He from the godi tiiis dreadful answer brought t 
* O Grecians I wh^ the Trojan shores you soiightt 
Your passage with a viigin*8 bkx>d was bought: 
So must your safe return b# bought agfun ; 
And Greciaii blood once more atone the main.* 
I'he spreading rumour round the people nuv 
All fear*d, ana each believed bii 

t himself thei 
Ulys^ took tlie advantage of the'ur fright; 
Caird Calchas, and .producM in open jight. 
Then b^ifjjti him name the wretch, ordainki by fata 
The fiublic victim to redeem the state. 
Already some pres^d th^ djre event, 
And saw what saciifice Ulysses meanL 
tor twice iive days the gqpd old seer withstood 
Th* intended tn;aso)i,^Bd wae dumb, to Jbdood. ' 

Till, tirM with endless clamours and pucauit 
Of Ithacus, he stood jQo longer mutOi 
But, as it waVagreed, proiiounc*d that I. 
Was destined by the wra)h(ul fiQds to dia 
All praised the ^ntence ; pleasM the storm should faA 
On one alone, whose fury threatenM alli 
The dismal day was come, the priests prepare • - 
Their leaveuM cakes, an4 fillets for my hair. 
I foUow'd nature*s.laws, and must avow, 
I broke my bonds, and fled the fiual blowv 
Hid in a weedy lake, all night 1 lay* 
Secure, of safety when they sailM away. 
But riow whal further hopes for me remain, 
To see my friends or iiative soil again ] 
My tender infants, or iny careful sire. 
Whom they returning will to death require; . 
Will perpetrate on them tliejr first design, 
Arid take the forfeit of their beads for mine? 
Wliich, O! if pity mortal minds can move, • 
If there be faith below, or gods above, . • 

If innocence and truth can claim desert. 
Ye Trojans, from an injurM wretch aveit." 

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iENEIS. 189 

False tears true pity move : the king coinmahds 
To loose his fettei's, and unbind his hands, 
Then adds these ftiendly words : " Dismiss <hy fdais ; 
Forget the Greeks: be mineks thou wen theirs: . ' . 
But trufy tell, Wfts it for force or guile, 
Or some reli^tis etid, you raisM the pile ?" 
Thus said fW^king: He, full of fraudful arts, 
This well-inventea tale for truth inipa^rts; 
" Ye lamos of fteav'n !" he said, and lifted high ,' ' 
His hands, now t\fee — ** thou venerable sky ! 
Inviolable poWVt," ador'd with dread I 
Ye fetal fillets ft at- b nee bound this head ; 
Ye sacred sStatis, from whose flames I fled ! 
Be all of you adjcrf*d ; and grant I may, 
WiUiout a crhne, tlfuhgiraieftil Greeks betmv, 
Reveal the sbbrt/ts t^ the ^dlty state, ** ' 

And justly pMMi WhoVn I justly hate ! 
But you, O king, preserve the felth you gave, - 
If I, to save my*lfi yo6r diitfWre save. " 
The Greciati hopes, and all tti' attempt^thi^)^ made^ 
Were only foimdod on Minei^a's aid. * • \ 
But firom the time when impioirs Diomedie ^ , 

And felse Ulysses, «feet invetitiVe head, ' ,' ' 
Her fetal inja^from the temple drew, 
The sleeping guardiains of the' bastle slew, \, 

Her viigm Matu« -whh their blMdy hands 
Polluted and profen^tfhterhoiyband^*; , ' 

From thence the tWe of fertuitelef! tliiffr shore;' 
And ebb'd mucis fitter than it flow'd' before : 
Their courage langti^^h^t as their hopes decaV'cl ; 
And Pallas, now" «v«t»,rtfuS'd hei" aid. 
Nor did the goiWtesfe <dbiibtfully dtelare •* ' 
Her altered mind, afrd alienate care. 
When first her fataWma^e tbu<ih»d the grouhd, 
?he sternly cast tier glaring eyes around. 
That sparttled as thiQr rtfllM, and seem*d to threat t 
(ler heav^ily limbs distiird a briny sweat. 

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190 *:nejSv 

Thrice irom the ground she leap'd, was seen to wielc? ' 

Her brandish'd lance, and shake her horrid shield. 

Then Calch«s bade our liost for flight prepare, 

And hope no conquest froin the tedious wan. 

Till first they saiPd lor Greece: with pray'rs he«Qugbi 

Her injured p<>w*r, and better ootens broufht. - 

And, now thedr navy ploughs tlie wat'iy wain 

Yet soon expect it on yow shores again, « . . 

With Pallas plepsM ; as Calclms did ordain. 

But first, to reconcile the blu€-ey*«Lmaid 

For her stoPn statue and her tow'x botray'4, 

Wam'd by the seer, to her offended aamft 

We rais'd and dedicate this wond'rous fame. 

So lofty, lest through your forbidden fates 

it pass, and interc^our better &tes: . 

For, once admitted iliere, our hof^es are ioBiti 

And Troy may ikeu a new pailaidium howK 

For so religion And the gods ordain. 

That, if you vidate with bands profane 

Minerva's gift, ypur town in flame shall burn, 

(Which omen, O ye gods, on Graecia turn !> 

But if it climb, with your assisting hands^ 

The Trojan walls, and in the city stands v 

Tlien Troy shall Argos aiid Mycsene buray 

And the reverse of fate on us letum," 

With such deceits hegi^in*d their easy hearts, 
Too prone to credit bis perfidioua arts. 
What Diomede nor Thetis greater som 
A thousahd ships, nor tea yea**^ si^geliad done- 
False tears and fawning worde <h^ uity woo. 

A greater omen, and of 'worse portent^ 
Did our uuweary minds with fear feormentt 
Concurring to produce the dire event. 
Laocoon, Neptune's priest by lot that year, 
With solemn pomp then sacrific'd y steer; . 
When (dread wlio behold-*) fiom sea wo s^ied 
Two serpents, rankM abreast, the seas divide. 
And smoothly sweep along the swelling lide. 

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ANEI». 191 

Their flaming crests above the wavee they show : 
Their bellies seem to bum the seas bdow : 
Their speckled tales advance to steer their course, 
And on the spunding shore tbcfiytns billows foree. 
And nowihe strand, and now ttie puun, they hetc. 
Their ardent eyes with bloody ttieake were Ml*d : 
Their nimble toosues th^ biaBdishM •■ they came. 
And lick'd their hissing jaws, thait ipdtiei^ flame. 
We fled amaz'd ; their destm^d way they take, 
And to Laocoon and Jus children inaket 
And first around the tender boys they wind) 
Then with theur ■bHHrpenM ftngs tbeir limbs attd boifieB 

grind* * 
The wretched iaiiher, nuimng to their vkl 
With pious haste, but vain, they next invade ; 
Twice mundhis waitl the windiog volumes roird ; 
And twice abom hU gasptng tbcoat they told. 
The priest thus douh]^ ctiok*d^their events iKvkle, 
And tow'rine o*0r Ms bead ivtriamph vide. 
Witli both his haddehe labours at the knots:' 
His lioly ^eta ^ bkMrtenom blots: 
H is roaring fiUs the iittikig ait asound. ' 
Thus, when' an ox l e c e i ve s n, glancing wmrad. 
He breaks his baada, the &tal altsrfhes, ' 
And with kMid bellowings breaks Che yieidin^ekfes. 
Their tasks parinrni'd, the serpente ouit their prey. 
And to the tow'r of Pallas mike theW way : 
Couched at her feM,ihey lie protected there,' 
By her large bueklei; and protended spefMr. 
AmazemeatseiiesaU; the fen'ral ory 
Proclaims Laoco5n luetly dooin'd to die, ' - 
Whose hand the nnU of PaHas had wlthsioed, 
A ud darM to violate the sacieci wood. 
All vote t* admit the steed, that vows be paid, 
A nd incense offtfM U> th' offended n <iid. 
A spacious breach is made: the toMm lies hare< 
Some hoii«iing-levers, some the whoeU prepare, 

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*^^ JBNEIfl. 

And AsU'n to the horse's feet* the rest 
With cahteshaul along th* unwieldy beast 
feach oa his i«llow for astfii^anee daH»: 
At length the iktal fiibi^ widutits th« walls, 
Big with Ueairtjction. -Bbys with ehattrefs 6r6wit'd, 
And chouBof vir^jte^siBgand dattce urooAd. 
Thu& HM«'d«to% teWfeihen.deeeehdtfte d(>wn, 
fi entefs.«?pWMir*h«i(kaiid thrcatt lh« tttwti. 
A 8acred,«j(^ |Mnk by hands dWk« V '■ 
O valiant heroes^ the Trojan line ! ' ' 

J^our times hfe'ihpuofc? as oftrtieclfeiShii^WHftid 
Vt »5»is «»«».hert«i^a<id inti^iaM^iDMfs feboutid- 
Yet, road with zeal, and Winded with our &^, 
We haul along ifae hotec its sbteMti «ti«#i 
Ihen place iha dire poitem within the W>w»r. 
Cassaiidia«jri(wivandciit^th»arttMir«)y hburi 
Foretold o«arlatmtiut,b3^?th«w>dJ'^dSwe> 
All heanly4ifid Moe-b^Uev'd the pfophi^y. 
With branche»i»retbe*iieit adom, tfnd ir^m 
111 jolhty, Mm da^.<»daiB*d to be th© h*t. 
Meantime the rapid heavens roHM down tH» Bght, 
And on the shaded ocean rosh'd tM rririit*. ■ 
Our men secure^ 'TwguaiJds'iKir sentries heW ; 
But easy sleep their wmDy limbs comp^d. 
The Gi«oiBn»h«id««feayli*dribeif na4l pow^ 
From Teoedoi^etKh sought 'otirWefl-kttoWA'Bhoies. 
Safe under cov«ft^'tlie»8liBnt night, 
And guided ey 4hf imperial gaUe^rfs ti*ht; 
When Sinon, fiwourWbytiieTjirtfel gods, 
Unlock'd the horsey and op«d fei'dark abode« ; 
Restored to vital aiir our hidden fa^ < 
Who joyfiyiAwfl their^ongdottfineAientrbsfe, 
Thcsaander bold, ahd Sthendas theit guide, 
And dire U,J5fliaewJ(imitbe«aftte^iddV' ■ 
Then Thoas AthJUBas, and-Fyrrtius,' [ 
Nor was t^ j^)datiri«a<iMo last, - 
Nor mjnr'd MenekuOs, rtor tht innk) 
Epeus w\w the fatal engine frain'd. 

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A nameless crowd succeed; their ibices ioiu 

t nhke that Hector, w)m xeturu'd, fro^ toUs ^ 

Of war, tnumphaiit in .Eacian spoils 

Ann'"' '"^t? i""^"^^ ^^^ ^'^'"'^"g Greeks retire. 

And launch'd agahist their navy Phrygian fi^e "I- - 

And aiJ the wounds he for hip country bore ^ ' .'] 
Ao^v stream'd afresh, and new purS raa ""^^. 
I wept to see the visionary n;iaii. ^ * ^^''' 1^?;' 

^ light of Trojans, and support of IVnv i 

Thy father's champion, and % count'/s'^iovV"''' .Ti 
O bng expected by thy friends .' from ihen^e ^ uli 
^i t thou so late returu'd for our defence ? V, 

With length of labours, and with toik nf ^.^"V"^'^^'^^ 
After so many fun'rals of thy own *^^- ' "*^""^- 

Art thou restore to thy declining town? "' 

But say, what wounds are diese? what new di«.cr««i'' 
Deforms the mapiy features of thy S ^ "^ , 

To this the spectre no reply did franie -T 
^ut answer d to the cause for which he came T 
And, groaning from the bottom of h is brea" 

" O goddess-born I escape by timely fliajV '" * 


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n i 

494 MftKW. 

'the foes alveaciy have potfse'ss'd the wall : 
Troy nods frcnn high, and tottera to her &i. 
Enough is paid to F nam's royal name. 
More than enough to duty and to fame. 
If by a mmtal hand my father's throne 
Could be defended, *twas by mine alone. 
Now Troy to-thee commends her future state, 
And gives hep |ods€Ompan ions of thy fate: 
From their assistttiee happier walls cxpeel^- 
Which, wand'ilifg long, at last thou shalt erect.** 
He said, and bro^tt roe from their blest abodes^ 
The venerable ettrtues of the gods. 
With ancient Vecta from the sacred ohbir. 
The wreaths and relics of th* immortal fire. 

Now peals of shouts ceine ihimd'ring from afarv 
Cries, threats, cmd loud laments^ and miiigled wart 
The noise approaches, thiiagh our palac* stood ^ 
Aloof from streets, encompassed with a woo<l. ' ^ ' « 
Louder, and yet more loud, 1 hear th^ alarms 
Of human cries distitictf and clashing arms. 
Fear broke my slambers; I no longer stay. 
But mount the terrace, thence the town survey, 
And hearken what the fiightful sounds eoHvey. 
Thus— when a flood of fire by wind is bemei' 
Crackling it rolla; and mows nie standing com ; 
Or deluges, descending on the plaii<e, 
Sweep o*er the yrilow year, destroy the paSns ' ^ 

Of labouring oxen and the peasant*s gaitis ; 
Unroot the forest oal^Sf and bear awajr 
Floeks, folds, and trees, an imdisiinguish'djprey— 
The shepherd clhnbs the cliff, and sees ffiMi far 
The wasteful ravage of the war'ry war. 
Then Hector's faith was manifestly clear'd ; • 
And Grecian finauds in Open light appeared. 
Tne palace of DdSphobus nscwids 
In smoky fiames^ and catches on his friends. 
Ucalegon bums neltt ttte seas are bngjht J'^^ 

Wirh splendour not ilieir own, and shine wiih Trojan 

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AWBM. Its 

New clanKHirs aia4 new ektupHiKt Miw arMto* 
The sotftid of trumpets mixM with fighting criea 
With frenzf seixM, I run to meet th' alarms, 
ResolvM on death, re6ohr*d to die in anoe. 
But first to father fHend«, with them to oppose 
(U fortune favoar'd) and repel the foes-^ 
Spurred by my eoun^, by my country fir*d» 
With sense of honour and reVenge kispirM« 

Panthdd, Apoito*s priest^ •& sacred name, . 
Had *scap*d theOreeiaff #«^ord», and pasi^d tlie flam«: 
With relies loaden, to" my doors he ftw, ' 
And by the hand his tender grandson^led. 
♦* What iiope, O Pamh^! ti^ither can we run ? 
Where make a stand ? and what may yet be rtoWe t^ 
Scarce had ^faid, wben^ Fanthiis, with » iroaii, 
• " Troy is no more, and Jliam was a town ! 
The fatal day 1b^ appointed hour^ is ootne, 
When wrathFutJ'6vo's WW vocable doom 
Transfers the TM^h state to Qvscian hand;;, ' 
The fire consumes (he town, the foe comhmiidH • 
And armed hosts, and unexpected ibf^ce, ' 
Break firom the bowelfs of the fetal horse. 
Within the gates, proud $^on thr6ws about 
The flames ; ahd ibes, for el^rtranoe, pr«» Without, 
With thousand ethers, whbm I fear to nhicvet 
More than from Ai^ or MyceiftB oaiii^. ' 

To several posts th«ir parties they divide t 
Some block the' narrow streets, seme scmir the wide 
The bold they kill, th* unwary they iurprise i 
Who fights finds death, and death finds him whof lies. ' 
The warders oJF the gktes bMt scaite mainfahi 
Th' unequal combat, and reiisi in vain.'* ' 

I heard : and heav'n, that well-born douls mspires, 
Prompts me, through lifted swords and rinn^ fifes 
To run, where clashing arms fmd cJamiHir calK 
And rush undam^ted W defend the walls. 
Ripheus and IfMtttt. by hiy ^ide enga^. 
For valour one renowu'd, atid one for age 

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Dymfts and -HypaiUA' by meooMglHJuwNir 

My motions nno tny mien,. and to my pwsty draw ) 

With young Xl^honebus, who>by love was ted 

To win renown, and fair Cas&anHpa^ \ie^; 

And lately brouglit bis tf0ot>» to Priam'« aid, 

ForewarnM in vain by the propheitic maid : 

Whom when I saw resolv*^ in armsito faU* 

And that one spirit aaimated all, 

'* Brave souls !** eaid I— *< but brave, alas, in yiMO 

Coma, ikiish wha^ our cruel tate^ ordain. 

Vou see the desperate ttate of our affai^a; 

And heav'n's protecting pow'«sare ;*eaf topray'ra. 

The passive gods behold the^Qioeks 4e61e 

Their temples, and abandoa to Uie spoil 

Their own abodes: we, feeble few, conspire 

To save a sinking to^'n* invoiv'd in fire. 

Then let us fall, but fall amidst our fqesi^ 

Despair of life the <n>eans of living shows.** 

So bold a speech enoouxagM tlieir desifls 

Of death, and added fuel to their fire. 

As hungry wolves, with ragii^g appetite. 
Scour through tlie fields^norKac tae stormy nigtH-r 
Their whelps at borne e»p«ct the promis'd food, 
And Ipng 10 temper tbeir di^y obaps iii blood— 
So rush*d we lQ«h at /oqcp. Be$Qlv*ii 1/9 4^^ 
Resolv'd in death tjbe ^st extremes^) ^ry. 
We leave the narrow ^oep behindf an() (jiara 
Th* unequal cpmbat iu the public ^quaxe: 
Night was our friend ; our.kiaderw^ (feffpair. 
What tongue can tell ^e slaiugbter pf tbfit lyig^t? 
What eyes can weep the sprfpwsand afi|c<ghti 
An ancient and imperial icity falls: 
The streets are fill*d with frequent funerals- 
Houses and bol^ temples float in \AfX)d ; 
And hostile nations make -a commoa fipqd. 
Not only Trojans iall ; but in tb^r *mii» 
The vanqni8h*d triumph, and the vic^Ncs fpounn. 

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jEifEn. 197 

Oura tak€ new courage from denjair and mght ; 
CoiifusM the fortune is, confused the fight 
All parts idsound with tumults, plaints, axi&ftw^i 
And grisly Death In sundry sha^s appear^ 
Androceosfell among us, with his band. 
Who thouglit us Grecians newly come to lartd 
** From whence,'^ said he, *< my friends, this long ddttjr ? 
You loiter while thf spoils lUe home away : 
Our ships dre laden with the Trojan store ; 
And you, like truantSyCooae too late ashore.** 
He said, but soob corrected his mistake. 
Found, t^ the (foubtful answers which we ihiAe; 
Amaz*d, be would have shu^ntiM th* unequal fi^ ; 
But we, more numerous, intercept his flight 
As when some peasant in a bushy brakii, 
Has with unwary footing press*d a snake x 
He starts aside, astonisli*d when he spies 
His rising crfest, blue liteck, and rolling eyes; 
So, fipom our arms, sui^ris^^d Ant^rogeo*; flieS^'^ 
In vain^ for him and niS W6 compass Mund, 
Poss^sM with fear, unknowing of the gfoMkd ; 
And of their lives an ^a$y conquest found. 
Thus Fortune on pur fir^ endeavour sntil^d. 
Choroebus then, with youth Ail hopes begtiil'ii; 
Swoln with success, apd of a darmg mind, 
rhis new inventioii ^tally desien^d. 
•• My friends," said he, " since Foritin« shdHirtfther way 
t'ls fit we should th* auspicious guide ob^y. 
For what has she these Grecians arms he9lOW*df 
But their destruction, and the Trojans* good? 
Then change we shields, and their devices beiur t 
Let fraud supply the want of force in war. 
They find us arms.** This said, himsdf h^ dMfe^d 
In dead Androgens* spoils, his upper vest 
His painted buckler and his plumy cre^ 
Thus Rhipheus, Dymas, all the Trojatv tmin, 
T^y down their own attire, and strip the steiit. 

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iVlix'd witli tlie Greeks, we go witli ill pmyaRe, 
Flattcr'd with hoj)es to glut our greedy rage ; ;* / 
Unknown assaulting whom we blindly meet, ^»» 
And strew, with Grecian carcasses, the street 
Thus, while their straggling parties we defeat, - 
Some to the shore and safer ships retreat ; 
And some, oppressed with more ignoble fear, 
Remount the hollow horse, and pant in secret there. 

But ah ! what use of valour can be made, 
When lieav*n's propitious powVs refuse their aid ? 
Behold the royal prophetess, the fair 
Cassandi-a, dragged by her disheveird hair, 
Whom not Minerva's shrine, nor sacred bands, 
In safety could protect from sacrilegious hands: 
On heav'n she cast her eyes, she sigird, she cried— 
'Twas all she cculd— her tender arms were tied 
So sad a sight Choroebus could not bear ; 
But fir'd with rage, distracted with despair, 
Amid the barbarous ravishers he flew. 
Our leader's rash example we pursue : 
But storms of stones, from the proud temple's height. 
Pour down, and on our baiter'd helms alifrht: ^ 
We from our friends receivM this fatal blow, 
Who thought us Grecians, as we seem'd in show.^ 
They aim at the mistaken crests, from high ; / 
And ours beneath the pond'rous ruin lie. 
Then mov'd with anger and disdain, to see 
Their troops dispersed, the royal virgin free. 
The Grecians rally, and their powVs unite, 
With fury <;harge us, and renew the fight. '^\^^^ 

The brother kings with Ajax Join ,their force, :„ . 
And the whole squadron of Tiiessalian horse.' 

Thus when the rival winds their quarrel try, 
Contending for the kingdom of the sky, 
South, East, and West, on airy coursers borne— 
The whirlwind gathers, and the wood« are torn : 
Then Nereus strikes the deep : llie billows rise. 
And mixM with ooze and sand, pollute the skies- 

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The troup& w« squandered first, again appear 

From sev'ral quarters, and enclose the rear. 

They first observe, and to the rest betray. 

Our diflPrent speech ; our borrow'd anns purvey. 

Oppress'd wi\h odds, We ftiU; ChortjEbus first. 

At Pallas* altar, by Peneleus pierc'd, 

Then Ripheus followed, in th'*tinequal fight ; 

'ust of his word, obsei-vant of Uie right: 

Heav'n thought not so. Dymas ilieir fete attends, 

With Hypanis, mistaken by their friends. 

Nor, Panthus, thee thy mitre niS* flie bands 

Of awful PhOBbus,. sav*d from impious hands. 

Ye Trojan flames L your testimonV bear. 

What I perforra'd aud what I sufferM therd, 

No sword avoiding iA the fatal strife^ 

Exposed to deatli, and prodigal of life. 

.Witness, ye heavens ! 1 live not by my feull; 

t strove to have deservM the death T sought 

But when I could not fight, and would have died, 

Borne off to distance by the growing tidi^, 

Old IphHus apcj I were' hurried thence, 

With Pelias woundeif, and without defence. 

New clamours fropi th' invested palace ring: 

We run to die, or disengage the King. 

So hot th' assault, so high th^ tumult rose, 

While ours defend, ana while the Greeks oppose, ' 

As all the Dardan and Argolic race 

Had been contracted in tlutt narrow space ; 

Or as all Ilium else were void of fear, 

And tumult, war, and slaughter, only there. 

Their targets in a loytoise cast, thejr foes, 

Secure ndvancing,.to the turrets rose: 

Some mount the paling ladders ; som6, more bold, 

Swerve upwards, and by pOsts and pillars hold .•" 

Their left hand g;ripes their bucklers in th* ascent, 

While with the right they seize the battlement. 

From the demolislj*d tow*rs the Trojans throw 

Huge heaps of stones, that falling, crush the Ihce ' 

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And heavy beams aiid ralVers from the sides, 
Such arms their last necessity providfes I) 

And gilded roofs come tumbrHigfrom on high, ^^' ^ 
Tue marks of state and ancient royalty. . \ ,, 

The guards below, iix'd in the pass, a,ltend ,^ 

The charge imdaunied, and the gate defend. ,' 
Renew'd in courage with recoverM breath, 
A second time we ran to tempt our death, 
To clear the palace from the foe, succeed , ^ 

The weary living, and revenge the dead. . . ^ 

A postern door yet unobserved, and free, 
JoinM by the length of a blind gallery, '''. 

To the king's closet led — a way well known - '^^ 
To Hector's wite, while Priam held the throne— 
Through which she brought Astyanax, unseen, ', 

To cheer his grandsire, and his grandsire's queien. 
Through tliiswe pass, and mount the towV from whence 
With unavailing arms the Trojans make defence. 
From tins the trembling king had oft descried 
Tiie Grecian camp, and saw their navy ride. ''\J ' 
Beams from its lofty height with swords we hewfU^ ., ^ 
Then, wrenching with our hands, th' assault renew • 
And, where the rafters on the columns meet. 
We push them headlong with our arms and feet. 
The lightning flies not swifter than the fall ; 
Nor thunder louder than the ruin'd wall: , , ^ 

Down goes the lop at once; the Greeks beneath ; . '; 
Are piecemeal torn, or pounded into death. ' ' 
Yet more succeed, and more to death are Sent: 
We cease not from above, nor they below iielent. , 

Before the gate stood Pyrrhus, threatning loud, ^ 

With glittering arms conspicuous in the crowd. 
So shines, renew'd in youth, the crested snake,' ] , . j 
Who slept the winter m a thorny brake, ,' ' ' ,, 

And, casting off his slough when spring return?,' ',' //^ 
Now looks aloft, and with new glory burns, ./.',.^^ 
ilestor'd with pois'nous herbs: his ardent s'n\^ ^ '' ' . 
Ueflect tlm sun, and raisM on spires, he rides '*-**'' 

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AKEtS. 801 

High (fer the p-iL&s : histing he fatta ak>ng» 
And brandishes by fits liis fbrky tongue; 
Proud Periptiais, and fierce Autonaedoo, 
His father's charioteer, togRtliei^ tma 
To forctf th^ feitJe : the Scyrito in&tttinr 
Rush on in cmwds, andtbe bWir'd paM^B km* 
Entering the coatt, ^tr^h^oHto the atieathey fend) 
And flaming fii^bmnds to lfaearo«ii wocndit 
Himself, afflotig theforemdM, deals his bkma^ 
And with his axe ttip^hXM tHadkcB bestoiM 
On the strong d(^bi^:i^tben ttU their ahoukiMQs (Sfy^ 
Till from the posts tlia braieft bulges %« " 
He hews apade t tH^ ^iM» btmmk leagthi 
Yield to his ttkt arid utiresiSMI ^tvMgtli^ 
A mighty breaceh i& niH^h i thb^ «0oifn ^MnsteFd • 
Appear, H^td dll the padaee i» ievMl'd-*« 
The halls of audferiee, «n4 6f puUic itate^ . . 
And wber^'th6 londr ^lieetf is seeiBt sate. 
AriB'd foldier? hc^ b^ tifeoftblitog akaicU wmwe^m 
Wiih ivjt a door, aiM ^odrc^ ft 0patceyiKt#Mii^ 
The hdc/^ i^filTd ^iHth lOtKl Itonenta and ofiM. 
And shrieks of wom«iirftod the vaukecft skiesb- 
The feaMif matroh^ nth from jf))aee to piaoe,r 
And kiss thethreshbld^and the pMti embR»e^ 
The &tal wofk inhuman Pyvrhiu^es; 
And all his ^tber s^^rkted in hU eyc& . 
^ot bars, nor fighting guainls-hiB £>»«( sastain^ < 
The bars are bit)ken fttid the g4iard6 are ilaiaw 
In rush the Greeks, and all th* apartments ^ 9 
Those ftfv(^ defbnHilhtS whotti they And, they kiU; 
Not with so "fierce a' ira^6 iheibanntag flood ^ 
Roars, ^en he fi^ds ms rapid ooune wifehetaodi 
Bears dowrt th^'dam^#ith iMaresiited tnnsfi 
And sweeps the 6attte mid iftie eots mimf^ 
These eyes hf!hm bhA, When hmtamMtfd betwtiia 
The brotbeif kUigs: I mw th' unbappjr quAen,.^ 

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S02 JLItElS. 

The hundrec wives, and where old Priam biocjd, 

'Vo stain his hallow'a altar with his blood. 

The fifty nuptial be(i&, (such hopes had he, 

So large a promise, of a progeny) .,., 

The (jostsof plated gold, and hung with spoila, ^ , ^, 

Fell ttie reward of the proud victor's toils- . , .,, ,, 

Wherever the raging fire had left a space. 

The Grecians enter and possess tlie,place. ,^ 

Perhaps vou may of Priam's fate inquire. . ,(,^ . 
He— when he saw his regal town on fire, , ^^ ^^^^,^ ^^^ 
His ruin'd palace, and his enfring foes, . ,,,,^^1 , 
On ev^ry side inevitable woes— ni ii' 

In arms disusM invests his limbs, decay d, ^..^^^ ^ 

Like them, with age ; a late and useless aid- ^, t,j,^- 
His feeble" shottlders scarce tlie weight sustain !;.<.^j^^, ^ 
Loaded, not arm'd, he creeps along with pain, ,^^^ 
Despairing of success, ambitious to be slani . .-^^^ ^^, , 
UncoverM but bv heav'n, there stood in view ^.^. |.^, 
An altar: near the hearth a laurel grew, . 

Dodder'd with age, whose boughs encompass round 
Tlie household gods, and shade the holy ground. 
Here Hecuba, with all her helpless tram ,,}., . , 

Of dames lor siielter souglit, but sought in vaiDp^;, ,,_j 
Driven like a flock of doves along tlie sky, ^, 
Their images they hug, and to their altars fly- , 

The queen, when ?he beheld her trembling lord, 
And hanging by his side a heavy sword, 
« What raije," she cried, " has seiz'd, iny husband s 

(nind? . , 

What arms are these, and to what use design d f 
These limes want other aids ! were Hector here, 
F/en Hector now in vain, like Priam, would apfjeajf. 
With us, one common shelter thou shall find, ., g,,^.^ 
Or in one common fate with us be jo'n'fj- vi b. 

Slic said, and with a last salute embracM ^ ...^ g^y, 
The pooroM man, and by the latirel piacjcV^.^ij^^ j,^ 
Behold ! Poliles, one of Priam's sons, 
PursuM by Fvrrhus, tlicre for safety runs. 

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Through svrordt and iee«t am'as'd Hud bort, ha Aim 
Through emptj courts, and open galknes. 
Him Pyrrhus, urgmg with bis kmoe, parKM8,«i > 
And oAen reaches^ and- lus thnMts^enewi. • 

The youth nransfia'd, with iafnemable4:rla5. 
Expires before .bis wretched parents' eyes v 
Whom gasping at bit feet, wben Ftma-mm^ ■ - 
The fear ot d^h ^e piaoe to iMtucB*9 law v 
And, shalting mpre with anig^r thab wiitb aga, 
*< The gods," jaid he, ** lequiteahy biuiai xagaf 
As sure they will, baxbariait, sure thcgr' auist. 
If there be ^ods in lieaven, Jiad gods be. jusi^ 
Who tak'st in wrongs an ineolentdaUiglit; 
With a sonsdeatkkt' iufecta laftberMghL 
Not ha whom lh0u and lying ^uae.coaflpiia 
To caU thea hia-^not be, thgr vaunlad ^la, 
Thus us*d my wretched age : the gods be lnr% 
The laws of natuw and olmaftiena lieanli 
He clieerM my sonows, and, for sums of ^ 
The bloodless aamaas bf ragr Hedte sold ; 
Pitied the woefe a parent undorwenty 
And sent ma hack in Safety from his tenL?.. , 

This said, hisieoble band a javoUii threnr,! 
Which, fluttering seeroVi to loitcf a»ic dsw;' 
Just, and bal b£«ly, U) the maikit held. 
And faintly tinkll^d on the braaen shield. 

Then PyrthMft tbUs) «* Go thou fiqni ma to ifiite, 
And to my father, my foul deedan^ta; 
Now die l^-T^With that he dragged the trembling sire, 
SliddVing through elottei'd bfood and holy Miiia« 
(The min^;^ paste bia murdered eon had. made) 
Haul'd from beneath* the, i^ated abade, . 
And on the saei^d viie tha royal victim laid. 
His right hand, nela his- Uoodyiakihion bara; 
His left he twisted in bis hoary b&iit > 

Then, with a fiweding^bmst, bis heart he found: 
The lukewarm blood came rushing.thro^ the wound. 
And sanguine streams distatn'd the sacred sroKiadv 

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204 M,»Ki8, 

Thus Prmin kXk, tavA liSaff*il 'Ons eommoD ioM 
With Troy in aaheBf and hi^ ruia*d staler 
He who the focptre of ail Aflift swi^fV), 
Whom monapcnt like dcmieBte ^mmB obey'd. 
On th* bleak shore now lier tba abandoned king^ 
A headless caveftS6,'and a naaraietess ihmg. 

Then, not before, 1 fok inj dunlked blood 
Congeal witk fekr ; any heir with tormr stodd t 
My father^a iwajie^il'd my pioui mind^ 
Lest eqCial yeaat mightuM|tMU fintund find 
Again I thought on my farsaibcn wile, 
And tremyed fov rm ton's abandoned 1^ 
I look'd about, butinund mvtelf alone, 
Deserted at my naed h U^ Mienda weve^giMe. 
Some spent wadi iott,.80iiie with detpidr Appree«*d, 
LeapM headlong fiadu the halgbu -, the Jaaoea camiMCd 

Thus wand^rii^ in my wtiry Without a- gciide« 
The eraceMn Helen- ia the foaBb- 1 apied 
Of A^sta*8 temples «hnr»fiha-lafk'd4dmie 3 
Muffled she sate, and what ihe toald, vnlniowiit 
But, by the ff&itietf thftt oast Ihtir4>laze aiiroiffld^ 
That common bane of Greeteeand Tray t ibund; 
For Ilium burot^«be draada the Trc^'aword i 
More dreads tha vengeanae cff hatf injtir*d lavd \ 
E\'n by those godayWbonfug*d-her,abhorirM 
Trembling with ragCy the dtrumpet i itgard, 
ResulvM to give her g«ik ttie dee rawttfd. 
«* ShaU ah^ liimMpliant sail before the wind, 
And leave in darner unhappy Ti^' behind'?' 
Shall she berkiogdoaa and her friend* fevle^v 
In state attended witli a^apdtd etev9\ 
While unie^ngM the g^jod eld Priam ftdk^ 
And Greciaoi fireaconstmie th#Trojanwalte ?' 
For this the Fhrvgiaft ielda aitd Xanthi«n flb«d 
Were s#eU*d with bodies, dM) were drunk Witli MdOdf 
*Tift true, a aokfier ean' small honour gain, 
And boasi no onMfueat from a woman sKkt : 

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M*HBtM^ «d5 

Yet shall the hfit. m>i fNMV >^itb«iit apMlMse, 
Of vengeiance taloen iB^80 justi^iBaute. 

The punish'ii cckoe ^toil «et m^ amI at i 
And iimr^v'rii^ manoi of BVjr friends ai^aeaie.'^ 
Thus wUk I cave^ a i^ia of ^leasiog likhc 
Spread (Aw the place; and, phtning bear^ny briglit, 
My mother stood veveal'd be£ve mf si^t^— 
(Never so radiant did her eyes appear, 
Not her own 8tav«oiilN8*d'a light w bleai')^ 
Great in her cHlumB, ns vIhtii .9n gods aibo^^ 
She looks, aa4 bieg«lnes hemeU' into Iheir-lovie. < 
She held my Muad, lim deslin*4 blow to br^Mk ; 
Then frm^^r rosy i^ ke^pn to speak : 
" My son ! frono wlieoQe ibis Aaduess, this negl^i 
Of mya«pinwito>aiid thoed whom i protect^' 
Why this iHunaaV tt^igp ? •ReoaU to mind 
Whom you forsalie, wb«t pledges leave beMnd.' 
Look U yf^t JMl^lmMBft yet iinrvivp, • 
Or if AscaniuB ctrvCreUBft live.' 
A^MPd yOMx house <be gneody Grsoianfl enr ; 
And these had p^eisb'd in -the nightfy tNir, 
Bui ftKr n^ pmseoo^ and ftfo^cting oare.*' 
Not Helen*s fiiioe, jior Fans, was m 'fantt : ' - 
But by the gods w%»4y»» dtatructioa brought 
Noyv wi youf eves AR>uii(j,.wl)ilei dissobre 
The mists and woa tlMkt iinortai eyes involve, 
Purge firom 3rour sifgbt the drdss, mnd make yotl'^see 
The shape of ea&h avenging deky. 
EnlightenM t^M^ n^ ^st connnaode lUfit, 
Nor fear obedience 4o your BH)lber*s wili 
Where yon disordered heap of «inn liee, 
Stones rent from |itot)e&— wbese clouds of <tust arise. 
Amid that smother* Neptune iiolds bis place. 
Below tl^^^lr*8 ^undaiKMi'dnTetbU mace. 
And heave^the building firom the sotid base. 
Look where, inarms, impMial Juno stands 
Full in th* Sc$ean ga(|3, with; loud commands, 
Urging on shove iiw tardy Grecian bandit. 

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2(»6 JCNEli. 

See! Pal)at,of her smdcy buckler proiid. 
Bestrides the tow*r le&ilgBtit through the cloud : 
See ! Jove new. courage to the foe eupnlies, 
And arms against the town the partial deitict. 
Haste hence, ray son I this fruitless labour end : 
Haste where your trembling spouse and sire attend; 
Haste ! and a mother's care your passage shall be- 
friend." . .'. 
She said, and swiftly vanished from my sight; 
Ohscure in cloudss aod*gIoomy shades of night 
I looked ; 1 listened : dreadful sounds 1 hear ; 
Aind the dire forms of hostile gods lippear. 
Troy sunk in flames I saw, (nor could prevent) 
And Ilium, from its old foCiudations rent-^ ' 
Rent like a mountain ash which dar'd the winds, 
And stood the sturdy strokes' of laboring hinds. 
About the rOQU the cruel axe resomkis; 
The stumps are pierc'd with oft-repeated wounds: 
The war is felt on high : the nodding crown 
Now threats a fall,«]fd throws the leafy honours down. 
To their united fords it 3riekh}, though late, ■ 
And mourns with mortal groa^ns th' approaelifng frite: 
The roots no more tlieir upper load dastatn x 
But down she iaUs, and wreads a rui6 throiigh thei>laiiL 
Descending thence,! 'scapM thtough foes and fire: 
Before the goddess, foes and flames retire. ' 
ArrivM alt home, he, liMr whose only take. 
Or most for his, such toils I undertake^ 
The good Andiises^wbom by timely flight, 
i purpos'd to seeure On Ma's heiebt-^ 
RefusM the jouraey, resolute to die, -* •* * 
And add his fun'ral to the fote of Troy. 
Rather than exile and old age sustain. 
♦* Go you, whose blood runs warm in ev»ry veito. 
Had Heav'n decseed that 1 should lift enjoy, 
Heav*n had decreed to save unhappy Troy. 
Tis, sure, enough, if not too much, for om^. 
Twice to have seen our Ilium overihrown. 

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MSKti 207 

Make haste to save me poor remaitnng crew ; 

And give this useless corpse a long adieu. 

These weak old hands suffice to stop my breath;' " 

At least the pitying foes will aid niy death, 

To take my spoils, and leave my body bare : 

As for my sepulchre, let heav'n take care. 

•Tis long since I, for my celestial wife, 

Loatli»d by the god<=, have draggM a Hng'ring life • 

Smce ev'ry hour and moment I expire, 

Blasted from hcav'n by Jove's avensing fire." 

This oft repeated, he stood fix'd to die : ^ • . ■• 

Myself, my wife, my son, my fatnily, - ^"^ 

Entreat, pra3% beg, and raise a doleful cry— ®^" ' 

»» What! will he still persist, on death resol^v^* ''' ' 

And m his ruin all his house involve." •"•' s wi 

/He stilt persists his reason to maintain : ' * ' 

"/ P'^y^'s our tears, oi!r loud laments, are vain. 
- Tu *l!^'*^^ despair, again I go to try ' ' 

The mte 6f arms, resolvV! in figlit to die. 
W hat hop6 remains but what mv death must giM 
•*Can I, without so dear a father live ? * '' 

Yoo term ft prudence, what I baseness ra!t: 
Could such a word from such a parent fall? ' ' 

If Fortunes please, and so the gods ordain, 
That iiothhig should tVf ruin'd^Troy remain. 
And you cons[)ire witli Fortune to be slain ; 
The way to death is wirfe, th' approaches near: ' 
Wor soon relentless Pyrrh us will apoear, • > 

I Reeking with Priam's l/.oou— tlio u'liicli who slaw 
The sba (i«Rtimtfn) Ift fh« ftftlleFB iTieWi '^ 
And then the ftire himself to the din alntrtfftw. 
O goddess mother* give me b«ck t» Fate ; • 
VouJ' ^ik was lindesit^U WM^canle toq late. 
Did you, for this, unhappy me convey 
Th rough feetf and fir*?* to see mjr ho\fftf. prey ? 
Shall I my father, v/ife, anrt soti heboid, 
Welt»rinff in feJood, eacit ether's ann» infiild r . ' 

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2i^ jtatitB*. 

Haste ! gird my sword, though spent, and overcome > 

'Tis the last summons to receive our doom. 

I hear thee, Fate ! and 1 obey thy call ! .. 

Not unreveng'd the Ibe shall see my fall. ^^ ^^ ,. ,, 

Restore me to the yei unfiiiish'd fight: ; .. ., . ,, 

My death is wanting to conclude the night* 

Arm'd once again, my glittering sword 1 wield, 

While ih' oilier baud sustains my weighty stneld , 

And forth 1 rush to seek the abandoned tield. 

1 went ; but sad Creiisa stopp'd my way. 

And Vross the threshold in my passage lay, 

l-anbrac'd my knees, and, when I would have gou» 

ShowM me my feeble sire, and tender son. 

'* If death be your design— at least," said she, 

*' Take us along to share your destiny. 

Jf any further hopes in arms remain, , _. 

'i'his place, tliese pledge^ of your love, maintain. 

To whom do you expose your father's life, ^ . 

\ our son's, and mine; your now forgotten wife?". 

While thus she fills the house with clamorous cries, . 

thir hearing is diverted by our eyes: 

For, while I held my sod, in the short spacp .,, .. . 

Betwixt our kisses and our last embrace, ' , 

(Strange to relate I) from young lulius' hea^^ , 

A lambent flame arose, which gently spread y^,, 

Around his brows, and on his temples fed. , . , 

Amaz'd, with running wuter we prepare 

To quench the sacred fire, and slake his hair j 

But 4'iJ><Ki£P.S, vers'd in om.o.Ti?, rei^r'ti. 

Ills hands to he^v'B, and this reciaest pv9^hfT^^ : 

*' If any .vewfi, jilmigbtj Jove, «an b«od 

Thy will — if piety tma pray^s eomniendf^ 

Confirm the glad presage swlueh thos art pleased to 

Scarce had he taeid, when on oni* left we hear 
A peal of rattling thtinder i^U in air : 
There shot a streaming lamp along the sky, 
Which on the winged lightning seem'd to fly; 

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From o*er Um roof the bittM k)«sui t»inefv«. 
And, trailing, vttkridhM inth^ Idiean grove. 
It swept m path in heav^n^ and sbene a guide, 
Then m a steenoiag stenoh of sv^hur died. 

The good old foiui with eup^ant hau^ iraplor*il 
The god*8 procaetion, and their star adorM.. ,- 
<* Now, DOW,'' said ha, •*aiy fiOtit;no n^oro dtiay ! 
I yield, I foUtt^ir where heav^ sboWs^^ way. 
Keep, (O my cetAitry nd6 !) our dwellkig place, . 
And guard this r^ie of thm Trajan «ace, 
This tender child I-^-tha^ omens are your own 4 . 
And you can yet reston tM luinM^ town. 
At least aocoiAplisb' what youk eigM ii»re6bow<: 
I stand i«si^*d, and am ^pajr*d. to go." 

He-«ud.-^The cthLdkliag miaes^ppeae on -high ; 
And driving spairkles ^dance^loiig the sky^ ' 
With Yulcail^^rttgetbe'rishig wmde>c<>i»^ixie, 
And near our palace roHi the flood of fire. 
" Haste my dearfktheri Vtka no time to winty 
And load my steiakkfs with a Iwiiyng fireight. 
Whatever be^ls, your Bfe shall b^ my care : 
One death, or one deliv*randB #e witt shave. 
My hand shall tead dar little tioa t andy^u, 
My faithful consort^ shall otw steps pttrsuet 
Next you, my servants} faced toy stnet cossMnanda; 
Without the walls » ruin^ temrpla stands, 
To Ceres haUoW^doaeei: a^^ress nigh 
Shoots ufy h^r venerable head no high. 
By long religion 4cept »• tii«re b«nd your £aet ; 
And in divided parties let MaflMftt 
Our countyy geas»'tbe relkaSf *nd the hcwds^ - . 
Hold you, my fatiiery in yeirtg^ftiltiesft hands :. 


Red as I am with slaughter, new from war, 
Till in some livAig stkeam :I leleaitte'tl^ f uilt , , , 
Of dire debate, and bkiod in battle spiltj' 
Thus ordering all that prudeooe could provide, , 
1 doihe nysTiauldBiis with a Uoa*e bidet 

VOL. L 14 

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ftlO JBNBId. 

And yeilow spoils, then on oiy bending bac^ 

The welconte load of my dear father tak^i 

While on my better band Ascanius bung, 

And with unequal pa£eB tript along. 

Creiisa kept behind i l^y choice we/stmy ' 

Through ev*ry dark and ev*iy deviou* way. 

I, who 80 bold and dauntless, just beft>re, 

The Grecian diirt8%nd shock of lances boflSt 

At ev*ry shadow now am seizM with feM» 

Not for myself, but fi)r the cbaM^ 1 beair ; 

Till, near th6 rttid'd gate ajnrivM at last. 

Secure, and deeming aH the danger past, 

A frightful noise of trampling feet we hear. 

My father, looking throagl^tbe shatdes-with fear. 

Cried out, ** HaMe, bast*, my son ! the /oes are uigh .' 

Their swords and shifiing'armourl ckMry.** 

Some hostile god, fyf some unknown offeuce^ 

Had sure bereft my mind of better sense: 

For, while through winding ways I took my fliglu. 

And sought the nitlter ef the ghximy oigMt* 

Ahis ! I lost Creiisa : hard to tell 

If by her fatal destkiy the felU 

Or weary sate, 6rwander^<) with afifriglit; 

But she was lost ^ ever to my sigl.t. 

I knew not, ttr inflected, till f meet 

Mv friends at Ceres' now- deserted< seat 

We met : not one wm wanting; only she 

Deceived her friends, her son, and wretched me. 

What mad expression* did my tongue reAise i 

Whom did I not of gods or men accuis f 

This was the feSfkX btow, Uiat pahi*d me moff 

Than aH 1 A^lt4tom namii Tto^befoce, 

Stung with my los*,aDii niving with despair. 

Abandoning my now foiBotteii eare, - 

Of counsel, coBribrt,4uidofho|i« bcrel^ 

My sire, my son, myeomtiy gods, I lelt 

In shining akmour once a^eua I sheathe. 

^y Ihnbs not feeling wounds, nor fearing death. 

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Then headkmeto the burning walls I run, 

And seek the daoger X was forcM to shun. 

I tread my former t|tu:ks, througli night explore 

Each passage, ev*ry street 1 crossM t^fore, 

All thmgs were full of horror and affright, * 

And dreadful e*en the silence of the night 

Then to my &ther*&.house I make repair, 

With some sihall glimpse of hope to find her there* 

Instead of her, the cruel Greeks I met : 

The house was fillM with foes, with flames beset 

Driven on the wings of^inds, whole sheets of fire. 

Through air transporteB, tp the roofs aspire 

From thence to Priam^s palace I resort. 

And search the citadel, and desert court 

Then, unobserved, I pass by Juno's church ? 

A guard of Grecians had possessed the porch ; 

There Phoenix and Ulysses watch the prey; 

And thither all the wealth of Troy convey-— 

The spoils which they' from ransacked houses brought 

And golden bowls ^rpfm burning altars caught, 

The tables of the gods, the purple vests. 

The people's treasure, and the pomp of pHests. 

A rank of wretchail youths^ with pinion'd hands» 

And captive matrons. 4a long prder stands. 

Then, with ungovem*d madness, I proclaim, 

Through all the silent sti-eets Creusa's name : 

Creiisa still I call : at length she hej^rs. 

And sudden, throudi the shades o|^ nl^ht, appears^ 

Appears, AO mpre Creiisa, nor my wire, 

But a pale spectre; larger than the life., 

Aghast, astonished, and struck dumb with fear, 

I stood : like bristles rose my stiffen'd hair. 

Then thus the ghost began to sooth my grief: 

♦♦ IVor tears, nor cries, can eive the dead relief, 

Desist, my much-lov'd lord, t' indulge your pain . 

Vou bear no more than what the gods ordain. 

My fates permit me not from iience to fly; 

Nor h«, the great controller of the sky. 

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<j^2 JEFEI8* 

Long wandering ways for vou the powers decree- 
On land hard labours, and a length of sea. 
Then, ailer many painful years are past, ^ ^ 
On LatUny's happy shore you shall he^-ast. - 
Where gentle Tyber frun^ his bed behold* 
The flow'rv meadows, and the fee dmg folds. 
There e"d your toils;' and there your fates prdv.d. 
A quiet kingdom and a myal bnde = 
ThU fortune shall the Trojan line i^estore ; 
And you for lost Creusa weep no more 
Fear not that I shall watch ^rvile shame, 
Th' imperious looks of some proud Grecian dame 
Or, stooping to the victor's lust, disgrace 
My goddess mother, or my royal race. 
And now, farewell ? the parent of the god* 
Restmins my fleeting soul m her abodes, 
I trust our common issue to your caie. . ., 
She said, and gliding pass'd unseen »n a«r "^ . 
I strove to speak; but horror Ued my tongue 
And thrice about her neck my anns I flung. 
And thrice deceivM, on vain embraces hung. 
Light as an empty dream at break of day, 
Or as a blast of wind, she rUshM awaf. 

Thus having pas&'d the night m fruitless pain» 
I to my longihg friends retum ^gam-- 
AmazM th» augmeiited number to behold, 
Of men and matrons miK'd, of young and old- 
A wretched exll'd cr6w^ together brought, 
With anns appoiilled, and with treasure fraught 
Resolv'd, and willing, under my command, 
To run all hazards both of sea and land. 
The Morn began, from Ida, to display 
He? msy cheeks ; and Phosphor led the day ; 
Before the gates the Grecians took their post, 
^nd all pretence of late relief was lost. n 

i yield to Fate, unwillingly retire, 
And. loaded, up the hiU convey my in*. ^- 

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£ ^ C I S. 

HOOK m. 

4i^oeM ptroeeedt in kia mlAtloo t Im fi««ft,40 •ce*iMt •!- the 
flee; with w|4ph. ))A4»>i«4 vu| the $a/tifpmtiif ^Mi^ ▼tyaff* 
to Thrace. Prom thefic^ l^e directs ^if eoqfae ^ Delo* «b<I 
•sks the oracle what place the f^oaa t^aiJ appointed for hit 
habitation ? By a tniatake of the oraclb*s ati$Wer,))e setllef 
in Crete. His household god* give hfhi tfte true sense of the 
oracle, in a dream. He mIIqws thtir adricot and makes the 
best of his way for Italy. Il» i| cftt «A sr^meal sborei. and 
meets with very surprisipg ad^^ fVturM. tjU Mleogt^ hp |hp<|| 
en Sicily, ^berf hi§ father ^ncljUe^djef. This ii the jplAoe 
which he was sailing from, when the tempest rote, and (hr«:«v 
him upon the Carthagiman coasi. " ' • • 

When heav»rf had oteitum^d the Ti«Jati rtttt, 
And Priam's throne, by too severe a fete ; 
When ruin'd Troy hee&me thfe Ginelafi^e prey, 
And Ilium's loftv tow'ts in ashes lay; 
Wani'd by celestial omens^ ve retreat, 
To seek in foreign lands a happier seat 
Near old Antandros, and at Vdti** ibot, 
The timber of the sacred groves we cut. 
And build our fleet — uncertain yet to find 
What place the gods tor our repose assign'd. 
Friends daily flock ; and scarce the kinSy spring 
Began to clothe the ground, and birds to sing. 

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When old Anchises summonM aH to sea: 
Tlie crew my father and the Fates obey. 
With sighs and tears I leave my native shore. 
And empty fields, where llkim stood before. 
My sire, my son, ourlesi arid greater gods, 
All sail at once, and cleave the brin^ floods. 

Against our coast appears a spacious land. 
Which once the fierce l^cinrgurdid command* 
(Tbracia the name— the people bold in war- 
Vast are their fields, and tiHage is their care\ 
A hospitable realm, while Fate ^ff kind, 
\Aith Troy in friendfcbip and reliptJtt join'd. 
I land, with kickksaomehs; thenad^i-e 
Their gods, and (hraw a line along the short: 
I lav the deep foundations of a wall, 
And -Enos, namM from iiie, the city call. 
To Diousean Venus vows are paid. 
And all the powers tliai rising labours aid ; 
A bull on Jove*8 imperia} altar laid. 
Not far, a rising hillock stood in view : 
Sharp myrtles, on the sides, and cornels grew. 
There, while I went to crop tb^ sylvan scenes* 
And shade our altar with tneir leafy greens, 
I puird a plant— with bofM»I>wIate 
A prodigy so strange, and full of fate— 
Tiie rooted fibres Tose; and, from tine wound, 
Black bloody dtoua distilled upon the ground. 
Mute and amazM, myrhair with terror stood. 
Fear shrunk my sinews, and c^geal*d my blood. 
Man'd once again, another plant 1 try : 
That other gush*d with the same sanguine die. 
Then, fearing guilt for some offence unknown* 
With prayers and vows the Dryads f atone, 
With all the sisters of the woods, and most 
The god of arms, who rules the Thracian coafW 
That they, or he, these omens would avert. 
Release our fears, and better signs impart. 

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ClearV., as I thouglit, and fully fix'd at length 
To learn the cause, 1 tugged with all my strength; . 
t bent my luiees against the ground: ouce more 
The violated myrtle ran with gore. 
Scaree dare 1 tell the sequel : li-om the womb 
or wounded earth, and caverns of the tomb, 
A groan, as of a troubled ghost, renew'd 
My fright, and then these dreadful words eniMiM : 
Why dost thou thus my jury'd body rend? 
O spare the corpse of thy unhappy friend I 
Spare to pollute thy pious bands with blood : 
The tears distil not from the wounded wood ; 
But ev'17 drop this living tree contain^, ...^ 

Is kindred blood, and ran in Trojau veins. . , 1,0^ 
O I fly from this unhospi table shore, -n.. ; 

VVariVd by my taie, for I am Polydore I "■ ^ ', .., - 
Here loads of lances, m my blood embru'd ^ - j, j 
Again shoot upward, by my blood renew'd.** 

My fauUering tongue and shivering limbs declapw 
My horror; and in bristles rose my hair. 
When Troy with Grecian arms was closely pent, 
Old Priain, fearful of ilie war's event. 
This iiapiess Polydore to Thracia sent: 
Loaded with gold, he sent his darling, far ^^^^ , 
From noise and tumults, and destructive wau*^ t" 
Committed to the faithiCss tjrant^s care; 
Who, when he saw the pow'r of Troy declij^e, 
Forsook the weaker, with the strong to join-r- 
Broke evVy bond of nature and of truth, ^ ^,, . 
And ijHirder*d, for his wealth, the roy^ you^.; ? 

svacred hunger oi pernicious gold I 

Wiiat bands of faith can impious lucre hold ? 
Now, when my soul liad shaken off her iears, 

1 call my father, and the Tmjan peers — ;,i. ; ^-n 
Relate t'ha prodigies of heav'n^require ,; -i-j, * m 
What he commands, and their advice dfiisiimf a.t».{ 
All vote to leave that execrable shoi-e. 

Polluted with the blood of Polydore ; 

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But, ere we sail, his funVal rites prepare, 

Then, to his ghost, a tomb and altars rear. 

In mournful pomp the matrons walk the round, 

With baleful cypress, and blue fillets bound, 

With '~yes dejected, and with hair unbound. 

Then bowls of tepid milk and blood we pour, ''^* 

And thrice invoke the soul of Polydore. ""**' 

Now, when the ra^ng storms no longer reign, ^" 

But southern gales invite us to f^e main, 

We launch our vessels, with a prosperous wind. 

And leave the cities and the shores behind. 

An island in the jEgsean main appears; ^ 
Neptune and watery Doris claim it theirs. *'' ^^"^^ 
(t floated once, till Phoebus fix'd the sides \'K 

To rooted earth ; and now it braves the tides. ''^^ 
Here, borne by friendly winds, we come ashore, ''^ 
With needful ease our weary limbs restore, 
And the Sun's temple, and his town adore. 

Anius, the priest and king, with laurel crown*d, 
His hoary locks with purple fillets bound, ' ' 

Who saw my'sire the Delian shore ascend, :* 

Came forth with eager haste to meet his firiend ; ' 
Invites him to bis palace; and, in sign -'' 

Of ancient love, their plighted hands they join, ' 
Then to the temple of the god I went. 
And thus before the shrine, my vows present : 
" Give, O ThymbrsBus .' give a resting place 
To the sad relics of the Trojan race— ''^ 

A seat secure, a region of their own, * 

A lasting empire, and a happier town. 
Where shall we fix .'* where shall our labours end? 
Whom shall we follow, and what fate attend^? 
Let not my prayVs a doubtful answer find ; * ^ "H 
But in clear auguries unv^l tby miods" ■** ' 

Scarce had I said r he shook the holy ground, 
The laurels, and the lofty hilh around ; 
And from tbd tripos rushM a bellowing sound. 

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4i;iiCI8. tt7 

Prostrate we fell ; confessed the present god, - - 

Who gave this answer from his dark abpde; f,^' 

** Undaunted youths ! go, seek that nobler earth ^ A 

From which our ancestors derive their birthi rti 

The soil that sent you forth, her ancient rac^, ^i 

In her old bosom shall again embrace. . ... r 
Through the wide world th^ iEnein bouse sh?Lil reign. 
And children's children shall the crown sustain." 

Thus Phoebus did our future fates disclose: ,,.,,' , .•:/. 
A mighty tumult, mixM with joy, aix>se. ^o'-'"'^ -^ 

All are concerned to know what place the $04- ^» (T 

Assign'd, and where determined our abode. *>> 

My father, long revolving in his mind ^xm 

The race and lineage of the Trojan kind p.if 
Thus answer'd their demands ; " Ye princes, hettjitT 

Your pleasing fortrme ; and dispel your fear. -,^ 

The fruitful isle of Crete, well known to fame, i .. 

Sacred of old, to Jove's imperial name, ;.„* 

In the mid ocean lies, with large command ; (ff 

And Oh its plains a hundred cities staaid, -s /f 

Another Ida rises there ; ai^d we .?t|/ 

From thence derive our Trojan ancestry. vfTny 

From thence, as 'tis divulg'd by certain fame, >,*y 

To the Rhoetean shores old Teucer came ; ^ fjf 

There fix'd, and there the seat of empire chose, .^n9 

Ere Ilium and the Trojan t^w^rs arose. ,^ 

In humble vales they built .heir soft abodes ; / 

With tinW^ <grniM«. cbftrm^cftb? Id^s^ woocja 
bhc secret f\^m a^ c«)?pinpn^s.taMght, 
And to the yoke the ^v^ lv)ti^ l^toughlr 
Let us th« lw4rWhMSh he^tv'n ?>ppoints, esmlqin^ 
Appease the winds and 9^ the Gnos^iaii sbMi. 
11 Jove assists the pas^gf of our £ec^ 
The third propiiiqii^ di|\^n discovers Ccett.** 
JHius having saii^, ^^e ^(^Ifices laid 
On smoking altar^tb i,lie gfxctt l|? paid-r- 

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t\B J£lfElS« 

A bull, to Nejptune an oblation due, 

Another bull to bright Apollo slew — 

A niilk-while ewe, the western winds toTilease, 

And one coal-black ; to calm the stormy seas. 

Ere this, a flying rumour bad been spread, 

That fierce Idomeneus from the Crete was fled, 

Expeirri and exilM ; that the coast was free 

From foreign or domestic enemy. 

We leave the Delian ports, and put to sea ; 

By Naxos, famM for vintage, inake our way : 

Then Green Donysa pass; and sail in sight 

Of Paros* isle, with marble quarries white. 

We pass the scattered isles of Cyclades, 

That, scarce di^tinguish*d, seem to stud the seas. 

The shouts of sailors double near the shores ; 

They stretch their canvas, and they ply their oars. 

" All hands aloft? for Crete ! for Crete!" they co> 

And swiftly through the foamy billows fly. 

Full on the promisM land at length we bore, 

With joy descend hig en the Cretan shore. 

With eager haste a rising t©wn I frame. 

Which from the Trojan Pergamus I name : 

The name itself was grateful : I exhort 

To found their houses and erect a fort. 

Our ships are haul'd upon the yellow strand; 

The youth begin to till the laboured land \ / 

A I myself new marriages promote, 

Give laws ; and dwellings I divide by lot; 

When rising vapours choke the wholesome air. 

And blasts of noisome winds corrupt the year: 

The ees devouring caterpillars burn : 

Parch'd was the grass, and blighted was the corn 

Nor 'scape the beasts: for Sirius, from on high, 

With pestilential heat infects the sky: 

My n»en — some fall, the rest in fevers fry.''* 

Again my father bids me seek the shore ^' ^ 

Of sacred Delos, and the god implore, 

To learn what end of woes we might expect, 

And to what clime our weary course direct. 

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iBBrfclS. Z\9 

*T\vas night, wheir ev*ty crtature, ^6id of cares, 
The common gift of balmy slumber shares: 
The statues of rhy gods, (for such they seem'd) 
Those gods whom 1 from flamiii* Troy redeem*d, 
Before me stood, majestically bright, 
Full in the beams of Phcebe's entering light. 
Then thus ttley spoke, and eas'd my troubled niind.* 
* What from the Delian god thou go'st to find. 
He telks thee here, and sends us to relate. 
Thoaer pow'rs are We, companions of thy Ate, 
Who from the l/urning town by thee were brought. 
Thy fortune Mow'd, and thy safety wrought. 
Through seasand lands as we thy steps atterld, 
So shaJl our care thy glorious race befriend. 
An ample realm for thee thy fetes ordain, 
A town, that o'er the conquer'd world shall rergn. 
Thou mighty walls for mighty nations build ; 
Nor let thy weary mind to labours yield : 
But change thy seat, for not the Dclian god, 
Nor we, have giv'n thee Crete for your abode. 
A land there is^esperia call'd of old, 
(The soil isfruimil, and the natives bold — 
Th' CEnotrians held it oncej by later fame," 
Now call'd Italia, from the leader's name. 
(asius there, and'Dardanus, were born. 
From thence we came, and thither must return. 
Rise,and thy sire with these glad tidings greet. 
Search Italy; for Jove denies thee Crete." 

Astonished at their voices and their sight, 
(Nor were they dreams, but visions of the night; 
J saw, I knew their faces, and descried, 
In perfect view, their hair with fillets tied) 
I started from my couch ; a clammy sweat 
On all my limbs, and shivering body, sate. 
To heav'n 1 lift my hands with pious haste, 
And sacred incense in the flames I cast. 
Thus to the gods their perfect honours done, 
More checrfia to my good old sire I nm. 

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And tell the pleasing news. In little space . • 

He found his error of the double race, ^f 

Not, as before he deem'd, derivM from Crete ; ., ) 

No more deluded by the doubtful seat ; /j 

Then said, " O son, turmoilM in Trojan fate . ^:j 

Such tilings as these Cassandra did relate. ., ^ ^,,-;; 
This^lay revives within my mind, what she ,^<j.f,«,t r 
Foretold of Troy renew'd in Italy, ^ , '' 

And Latian lands: but who couhl then have thouglit 
That Phrygian gods to Latian should bq brought, 
Or who believ'd what mad Cassandra taught ? 
Now let us go where Phoebus leads the way." •;• 

He said ; and we with glad consent obey. ,^y 

Forsake the seat; and, leaving few behind, 
We spread our sails before the willing wind. ,. , 

Now from the sight of land our galleys move, , / 

With only seas around and skies above ; ^^ ., tvyjT 

When o'er our heads descends a burst of rajn,\., ,.^- ^^y/ 
And ni2,hi with sable clouds involves the maiRJ.-^fi^ )jjH 
The niftling winds the foainy billows raise : . ^^,/ ^^^ 
The scattered fleet is forc'd to several ways: ' * - nhf. 
The fece of heav'n is retvish'd from on wiyes ; ,(f ', 

And in redoubled peals the roaring thunder flies. •j^'y 
Cast from our course, we wander in the (\^xk ; ,.^/ 

No stars to guide, no point of land to marlt. ;,^) 

E'en Palinurus no distinction found ,,.j^ 

Betwixt the night and day ; such darkness reign'd aromia. 
Three starless nights the doubtful navy strays, 
Without distinction, and three sunless days: ^ 
The fourth renews the light ; and from our shrouJp yt 
We view a rising land, like distant clouds : -t- \ 

The mountain-tops confirm the pleasing sight, . ^ , 

And curling smoke ascending from their height '.^ i 
The canvas falls ; their oars the sailors ply ; !, . 

From the rude strokes the whirling waters fly. 
At length I land upon the Strophades, 
Safe from the danger of the stormy seas. 

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Those Isles are compassM by th* Ionian in^in ; 
The dire abode whei-e the foul Harpies reign, 
ForcM by the wingM warriors to repaiir 
To their old homes, and leave their costly farb. 
Monsters more fierce offended heaven ne^cr sent 
Prom helPs aoyss for human punishment — ^ 
With virgin foces, but with wombs obscene/ 
Foul pauhbhes, and with ddbur still uncle^ri : 
With claws foir hands, and looks tot ever lean. 

We landed at the port, and doon beheld 
Fat herds of axen grasfi the flow'ry neld : 
And wantop. goats without a keeper strayM. 
With welaqjons we the welcome prey inv&tie. 
Then call the gons for partners of our feast. 
And Jove himself, the chief invited gu^st. 
We spread the table on the greensward ground : 
We reed with hunger ; and the bowls go round ; 
When from the mountain-tops, with hideous ciry, 
And clatt'ring wings the hungry Harpies fly : 
They snatch the meat, defiling all they find. 
And, parting, leave a loathsome stencn behind. 
Close by a hollow rock, again we sit 
New dress the dinifer, and the beds kiefi't, 
Secure from sight, beneath a pleasing s^ade^ 
Where tufted trees a native arbour made, 
Again the holy fires on altars burn ; 
And once agalin the ravenous birds return, 
Or from the dirk recesses where they lie, 
Or from another quarter of the sky— 
With filthy claws their odioUs meal repeat, 
And mix their loathsome ordures with theil: meat ' 
I bid my fribnds for vengeance then prepare, 
And with the hellish nation wa^e the war. 
They, as corcroinded, for the fight provide, 
And in the grass their glitt'ring weapons hide: 
Then, when alon^ the erooked shore we hear 
Their clatt*rlng wings, and saw the ibes appekr 

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S22 £NKIS. 

Misenus sounds ihe charge : we take ih' alarm, 

And our strong arms with swords and bucklers ami. 

In this new kind of combat, all ehnploy 

Their utmost force, the monsters to destroy — 

In vain : the fated skin is proof to wounds ; 

And from their plumes the shining sword reboundt. 

At length rebuff'd, they leave their mangled prey, 

And their stretchM pinions to the skies display. 

Yet one remainM — the messenger of Fate, 

High on a craggy c^iflf Celaeno sate, 

And thus her dismal errand did relate: 

" What? not contented with your oxen slain, 

Dare you with heaven an impious war maintain, 

And drive the Hatpie^ from their native rei^n ? 

Heed, therefore, what 1 say ; and keep in mind 

What Jove decrees, what Phoebus has (lesign^d, 

And I, tlie Furies* queen from both relate— 

You seek th* Italian shores, forcdoomM bv Fate: 

Th' Italian shores are granted you to find, 

And a safe passage to the fort assign'd. 

But know, tliat, e*re your promisVI walls you build. 

My curses shall severely be fulfiU'd. 

Fierce famine is your lot — for this misdeed, 

Reduced to grind the plates on which you feed." 

She said, and to the neighboring forest flew. 

Our courage fails us, and oiu* fears renew. . 

Hopeless to win by war, p pray'rs we fall, 

And on the offended Harpies humbly call, 

And (whether gods or birds obscene they were) 

Our vows, for pardon and for peace, prefer. 

But old Anchises, off 'ring sacrifice. 

And lifting up to heavV his hands and eyes, 

Ador'd tlie greater gods — " Avert," said he, 

«* These omens ! render vain this proph^y, 

And from th' impending curse a pious people free." 

Thus having said, he oids us put to sea ; 

We loose from shore our h?ilsers, and obey, 

And soon with swelling sails pursue our watVy way. 

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Airidst our course, Zacynthian woods appear ^ 

And next by rocky Neritos we steer : 

We fly from ItHaca's detested shore, 

And curse the* land which dire Ulysses bore. 

At length Leucate's doudy top appears. 

And the Sitifs temple which the sailors fears. 

ResolvM to breathe awhile from labours past. 

Our crooked anchors from the prow we cast. 

And joyful to the little city haste. 

Here, safe beyond our hoffes, our vows we pay 

To Jxjve, the guide and patron of our way. 

The customs df bur country we pursue. 

And TrojiHt ganies, and Action shores rei\ew. 

Our youth their naked Umbs^ besn\|ear with OU, 

And exercise the wrestlers* noble toil^ ' 

Pleased to have^ail'd so long before the wind, 

And left so many Grecian towns behind. 

The sun had nov^ fulfillM his antiual course, 

And Boreas oh the seas displayed his force ; 

I fix'd upon the temj^^s lotty door 

The brazen sliield which vanquish*d Abas bore : 

The verse beneatbtnyttame and action speaks: 

•* These arms'^neas took from conquering Greeks." 

Then I command t6 weigh: the seamen ply 

Their sweepine dars. the smoking billows fly. 

The sight of high Phaacia soon we lost, 

And skimmed along Eplrus* rbcky Coast. 

Then to Chaonia's pdrt our course we bend. 

And, landed, to Butlirotufi^ heights ascend. 

Here woikfrows things were loudly blas'd by Fame- ' 

How Helenus revivM' the Trojan name, 

And reignM in Greece ; that Priam's captive sou 

Succeeded Pyrrhus in his bed and throne ; „ . 

And fair Androntacbe, restored by Fate, 

Once more was ha|ipy in a Trojan mate. 

f leave my galleys rming in the port. 

And long to see the new Dardanian court 

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By chance, the mournful queen, before ihe gat8> 
Then solemn izM her former husband's fate. 
Green altars, raii'd of turf, with gifts she crowoM| 
And sacred priests in order stand around, ' 

And thrice the name of hapless Hector sound- . ■. 
The grove itself resembles Ida's woods; 
And SimoTs seemed the well-dissetnbled flood. ..,- , 
But when, at nearer distance, slie beheld , , 

My shining armour, and my Trojan shield, .„. .,, 
Astonish'd at the sight, the vital lieat -^-^ ' 

Forsook her limbs, her veins no longer beat: , '. 
She faints, slie falls, and scarce recovering strength, 
Thus, with a faultering tongue, she speaks at length : 
" Are you alive, goddess-born ?" she said, 
" Or, if a ghost, then where is Hector's ^hade?,, •, . 
At this she cast a loud and frightful ci*y. — , . .»< ., 
With broken words 1 made this brief reply: ,. j ,^,.. -. 
" All of rae that remains, appears in sight; .^^^ i >1 
I live ; if living be to loathe the light— „, u... 

No pliantom ; but I drag a wretclied life ; ,^^>j r- ■ 
My fate resembling that of Hector's wife. . , .. 

What have you suifer'd since you lost your lord 
By what strange blessing are you now restur'd ? 
Still arc you Hector's? or is Hector fled, 
And his remembrance lost in Pyrrhus' bed ?" 
With eyes dejected, in a lowly tone. 
After a modest pause^ she thus begun : ' . < , 

" Oh, only happy maid of Priam's rape, ,..,,.( » 

Wliotn death deliver'd from the foe's embimcej,^, , •►• 
Commanded on Acliilles' tomb to die, .,f i v. 

Nor rorc'd, like us, to hard captivity, ... m •- 

Or in a haughty master's arms to lie. i,.*.. 

In Grecian snips, unhappy we were borne, ^ ,;\ : 

Kndur'd the victor's lust, sustain'd the scom: .,^j i,- 
Thus I submitted to the lawless pride ^ i,,,^. 

Of Pyrrhus, more a handmaid than a brid© j^^^ ^ 
Cloy'd with possession, he forsook my bed, ^ .,^; 
And Helen' s lovely daughter sought to wed ; ->* 

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Then me to Troj^ft iMtmu* fengnM, 

And his timtlam iii<9i|twl inaMriage joined; 

Till yoiiQg Orastea.. fo^m^ with deep qespair, 

Afid longiBg to redbai>4he proniis'd ^ir, 

Before ApoUo*8 ahav d6w w ravtshtr. 

By Pynrbus death the kii^gdom we M^ain*d ; 

At least one half wkh -HtleniiB nemainM. 

Our part, from Cbaooyhe Chekonia calls, 

And names fiom^ Bngamua bit Hsiiig walls, 

But you what Fates have4anded on our coast ? 

What gpds baw'seiit yoU, et what, storms have tossM? 

Does yo u n g Atan ittsrlifc ftod health enjoy, 

Sdv'd from the raimr of iitalMaMopy TiQy r 

O ! tell me Jmw liis mother^s loss he bears, 

What hopes are promised from his blooming years. 

How much of Hector in, his feee appears?** 

She spoke \ and mix'd her speech with mournful cpes^ 

And fruktoss lears came tnelding from b^r eyes. 

At length her lord <iesoends upon the ptoin. 

In pompy^atteodtid wkh a nuro^rous tra^n ; 

Receives his friendSHMid lo the city kads, 

And tears of .jogr.amidfthls'welipome sheds. , 

rioceedingioai^Attotlier Tn^.l see» 

Or, in less oompasB, Tree's epitome. 

A riv*let by th* naoae «/ Xayithu» lan ; 

And I embrace the &)eean gate again, 

My firieods ia poiAicQes were ent^ain'd ; 

And feasts and ^daamM through the pity reignM. 

The tatdesiilVI the sptwious hall around; •< 

And golden bxMHiewitii.B|«rkliiig wine were crbwn'cL 

Two di^ we passed- intniirth, till friendly gale?. 

Blown from the. soMtht supplyM our swelling sails. 

Then to the royal seer I thus begEm : 

•* O tbou wto.kMw^-b^ond the reach of man. 

The laws of heav^a, and; what the stars decree. 

Whom PbQsbiis:taught Maernog prophecy , 

From his owk Jtripod, and bis h44y tre^^. 

VOL. L 15 

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SkiUM in the wing'd inhtbHanlB oi tux^ 
. What auspices tl^ir notes and flighcs dcclai*** 
O I say — lor all religious rites poittad 
A iiappy voyage and a p.OBp^roas end ; 
And ev'ry pow*i and oinen of the sky 
Direct my course for destin*d Italy; 
But only dire Celseno, from the gods, 
A dismal famine fatally forbodes — 
O ! say, what dangers I arn first to shun, 
What toils to vanquish, and whttt course to rMn.** 

The prophet first with saerifioe adores 
The greater gods ; their pardon then iinplftr#»( 
Unbinds tne fillet from his holy bead;- , v 

To Phoebus, next, my trembling steps-be. led,^ 
Full of religious doubts and awi\]l>dreaiJL 
Then, with his god possess^, before the shrine. 
These words proceeded from his nMMitb «iivine: 
** O goddess born ! (for heav*n*s appointed wiU^ 
With greater auspices of good thoLn ill, » 
Foreshows thy voyage, and thy cMirse dinwts: 
Thy fotos conspire, and Jove tmnaelC psotectf) 
Of many things some few I shaU esnilm, 
Teach thee to shun the dangers of tn»t9«ici* 
And how at length the promised shon to guo« i ; 

The rest tlie Fates from Heknuf eooceal, f . 

Aod Juno's angry pow^r forbidt fo tell. 
First, then, that happy shore, that leeiny to uglb, 
Will far firom vour aeluded wishes fly 3 
Long tracts of'^seas dividryour hopes ftoen Ualy t 
For you must cruise along Sicilian snores, 
And stem the currents with your struggling oars { 
Then round th* Italian Coast your mwry sieer. 
And, after this, to Circe*s island veer; 
And, last, before your new foimdatioiit riae» 
Must pass the Stygian lake, and view the nether skies. 
Now mark tlie s^gns of futitfs ease and vest; 
And bear them safely treasur'd in thy I 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

mttmsL tn 

When, in the ahadjr sheket «f « wood, 

And near the mar^ of agentle floods 

Thou Shalt behold a sow upon the ground* 

With thirty sacking young encompasBM rouatf 

The dam and offsping irMte at iaUing snew-* 

These on thy city shall their name bestovr ; 

And there shall end thy )abour»and thy we. 

Nor let the thmaten^d famme fright thy mind : 

For Phoebus wilt a«tiit; and Fate the way will find. 

Let not thy oeurie'to ihu ill eoast be bent. 

Which fronts ftwi fer fh* Epirian continent s - 

Those parts are all by Oreeian foevposeess'd. 

The sairage LocrhMs here the shovee infest: 

Their fierce IdoMenem his ei^builds, 

AmTguards wi^ arms the SalentiniaD fields ; 

And on the mountain's brow PetiUa itands, • 

Which Pbiloetetes- With his tnwps cofYimandii, 

E*en when thy fleet It landed on tlie shore, 

And priest^ with hOl> vowt the' gods adore, 

Then with a |>urp4« ir«i) intfolve your eyes, 

Lest hostSe feces 'btast tlie sacrince! " . 

These rites and" ouMame to'the reist commend, 

That to your p6m race they may descend.' 

When, paned hence, cb» winds thatnady waits 
For Sicily, sliall bear you to the stratts 
When? proud Peldrus ojMs a wider way, 
Tack tn the hirbeard; «nd stand off to sea : 
Veer starboard sea and kmd. Th* Italian bbeie, - 
And fair 9iciMa*8 coast, were one, before 
All earthquake eauiTd the ^w : the roaring tidee 
The ps^M^ broke, that land from land divides; 
And. where the lands iMhr*d, the rushing ocean 

Distinguish*d by the straits* on either hand. 
Now risine cities in long =ovder stand, 
And fruitful fields :(so much eantime invade 
Th* mould'rin^tMHrk, thai beauteoue nature y 

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tSt AMMk 

Far OD the right, ber degi flrir Sfijikt %k)ei * 

Charybdis roaring on th« Ml preskWSf 

And in her gntody wliirlpool auoks tise tiem- 

Then spotits them firom bdow^ wkb fijrf djriT%. 

I'he waves moant tip, aiut wash the lace ai bewr%t 

But Scylla from )ier den, with open jawv. 

The sinking vessel io her eddy <f raws. 

Then daslies on the rocks.— A human &ce^ 

And virgin bosmu hides her tail^s dilutee ^ 

Her parts obscene beiow the waves cbseeoii. 

With dogs enclos*d ; and in a do)pl)in eiHi 

*Tis safer then to bear aloof to sea, 

And coast Pachynus, iboagh w^ nwK« deU]^ 

Than once to view mis-shapen ScyUa near*- 

And the loud yells of wat*ry wolves to heax.- 

Besides, if ftiith to Helenus be due* 
And if prophetic Phssbus teU me true. 
Do not this precept of yourflnend ibrget, 
Which therefore more tha« onoe 1 must istptat.) 
Above the rest, great June's «mme adoie ; ^ 
Pay vows to Juno ; J;ino*8 aid knpltfve. 
Let gifts be t» the mighty queen desigii'id 9 
And mollify with 'pray*rs her haughty mittd. 
Thus, at the leagth,.yDur passage shall be free* 
And you shall safe-desoetid nn Italy. . 
ArrivM at Cumso), when fou view the 6ood 
Of black Avernus, and the sounding woiM« 
The madiMPOphotic 8ibj\ you ahaU find, 
Dark in a cave, and on a rook rrcluVd. 
She sings the Fates, and, in her frantic fits. 
The notes and names, ineerib'4,to leaves cc 
What she commits to leaves, in order lakW 
Before the cavern's entiance are displayed : 
UnmovM they lies but^ if a blast of wiod 
Without, or vapours issue from bebiac^ 
The leaves are besae atoft ia liquid air; 
And iha nnNiMea* NiMMPk bar nweefiU^MOy 

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ffor gathers framtiw roeks her KstterM \ 
Nor sets fn order what Che winds diiperse* 
Thus manjT, net suctetding, must upbimid 
The inadiiess c€ the visionary maid. 
And with htud cent es ieave iFie rnvstic i 

Think it not loss of time a' while to starry 
Though thy companions chide thy long ddar; 
Tho* summoned to the 6*a», tbo* ideating gauet 
Invite thy oeiiirse«4iiid stretch 4by sweUtng «il» 
But beg tlie sacred priestess t» relate 
With willing word»« and not lo write thy fiua. 
The deiWliatian people' she wU sbinv^ 
And all thy wars, «nd aU tbv future wo, 
And what then mayst afvoic^ and what must ln»> 

She shall mreet thy eoarssviMtBuot thy rofaid* 
And teach tliee how the bapf^ shores to indL 
This is what heitv*n allows iiM to selatei 
Now pKtt Id peace ; pursue iby better fiits,. 
And raise, by strength of aims, tlM Tiojanslata.** 

This when the priest with fiiendly voktedMlai^ 
He gave me lieenseyond rich gifts jxepa^^l i 
Bounteous of treasuiev lia supplied my i^aiK 
With heavy gold, and polblra elephant, 
Then Dodoniean caldronti put on focMurdt 
And ev*iy ship with sums of silver stor'd. 
A tmiiy coat of mail to roe be sent, 
Thrice chainM with gold, for use and c 
The helm of Pyrrhos added to the test, 
That flourished with a phime and waving t 
Nor >vaeitiy sire forgotten, nor my friends: 
And large recruits he to my navy sends — 
Men, horses, captains, arms, and warlike st 
Supplies new pilots, and new sweeping oars^ 
Meantime, my sire cemaiaods r& hoist our sa^ 
Lest we should lose the irst auspiciotts gidear 
The prophet blessM the paniaigcxew, aM last, 
With words like tbese^ hieaneient friend embrab'dt 

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f96 iESIMS. 

** Old happy man, the cam of god$ abore^ 
Whom heav'nly Venus honoured with her love. 
And twice preserved thy life when Troy was loct! 
Behold from far the wishM Ausonian coast: 
There land; hut take a larger connpaBS romui 4 
For that befdre is all forbidden ground. 
I'he shoi-e that Phoebus has designed for you, 
Ac further distance lies, cunceaiM from Tietw. 
Go hap^y hence, and seek your new abedest 
Blessed in a son, and fiivoarM by the gudtt 
For I with useless words pmkng your stay, 
Wlien southern. g^es have-suinmonM you away.^ 

Nor less the quee» our parting thence deplor^d^ 
Nor was less bounteous tneiB her Trojan lord. - 
A noble present to my son she brought ;' 
A robe with flow^ on^goklen tissue wrought 
A Phrygian vest; and loads with gifts bestde 
Of precious texture, and of Asian pride, 
•• Accept," she«id, •* these monuments of JovfW 
Whksh m my youth with happier hands I wove: 
Begiuil these trifles for the giver's sake ; 
'Tis the last f sesent Hector's wifocan make. - 
Thou calPst my lost Aslyanax to mindt - 
In thee, his featinre; and his form I find. 
His eyes so sparkled with a lively flame ; 
Such were hislmotioiis ; such was all his frame ; 
And ah ! had heav'n so pleasM, his years had bito 

With tears I took my hist adieu, ami said» 
«* Your fortune, happy pair, already n>ade. 
Leaves you no further wish. My difl''rent stat% 
Avoiding one, iiic«irs another fete. 
To you a quiet seat the gods allow t 
You have no shores to search, no seas to plougli. 
Nor fieUs of flying Italy to cinae— 
Deluding visioqs,and a vain eaibraoi ! . 
You see another Simois, and enioy 
The labour of your hands, another Troy, 

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Witti oetter att»^e ilmibeff Aocient taw^n^ 
An(< less obnoxious tn> the Grecitn pawVi. 
if e*er the goc)s, wltoin L with vows adore. 
Conduct iwy stejps.taTybor's bappy shoiQ — 
If fiver [ ascend the Latiau ihroQiB, 
And build a. city I may caU niy.owu-r 
As both cf us om birth froiu Xrpy derive^ 
So let our kindred liues va, coucorfl Ave, 
And both in acts of equaiiiieadsbip strive.. 
Our fortunes, good or bad, shail be U;e same : . . 
The double Tn^ shall di^r but in oam^: 
That what we now begin, may oever eudf 
But lon^ to late posterity dasceiui/^ ,. 

Near the Gerauuian rocks o^r couxae we bom ■ 
The shortest passage to th' Italian »hore. . 
Now had the ;iuo withdrawn his radiant light. 
And hills were hid in dusky simdes of ni^bt: 
We land, and, on the bosom of ihe ground, 
A «afe reueat and a bare lodging £xind. 
Close by the shore we lay ; iSie sailors keep 
Their watches, and the nest securely sleep. 
The night, pnceediug on with silent pace, 
Stood in her ooon, and viewM with equal face 
Her steepy rise, and her declining race. 
Then wakeful Palinurus rose, to spy 
The fiiceof haavhi, and the nocturnal sky; 
And Usien'd ev'jy breath of air to try ; 
Observes the stars, and notes their sliding coiKst» 
The Pleiads, Il3^d8, and theii watVy force; 
And both the Biears is careful to beUc^, 
And bright Orion, armM with bumishM gold. 
Then, when he saw no threatening tempest nigh. 
But a sure promise of a settied sky, 
He gave the si^ to weigh, we break our sleep, 
Porsake the pleasing shore^ and plough the detp^' 
And now the rising morn with rosy light 
Adorns the skies, and puts the star« to (Uglii ) 

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f3i Aircis. 

UImd we from fkr, IHm Muiih mitt, dtgsiy 
The hills, and then th« BlatM, of Ituy. 
Achates first pronounc^a the joyful sound ; 
Then ** Italy" the cheerful crew rebound ; 
My sire Anchises crownM a cup with wine, 
And oflPring, tbu9-imp}or*d the powers divine: 
** Ye gods, presiding over lands and seasr 
And you who raging winds and waves appvasa. 
Breathe on ota* swelSng isails a pvosp^ious wind» 
And smooth yhht passage to tho port assigned." 
The gentle galas ttieir lagging rorce renew; 
And now the happy harbour is in view. 
Mmerva^s temple then salutes our sight, 
Plac*d, a» a land-mark, on the mountaUi*s height. 
We furl our sails, and turn the prows to shove ; 
The curling waters nnind the ^eys roar. 
The land liet iipen to the raging East 
Then, bending like a bow, with rocks compresafd. 
Shuts Out the etomis ; the wmds and waves ccoif^a. 
And vent thair malice on the cliffs in vain. 
The port lies hid within ; on either side, 
Two tow'ring locks the narrow mouth divide. 
The temple, which aloft we viewed beibrQ, ] 
To distance flies, and seems to shun the short. 
Scarce landed, the first omens I beheld 
Were four while steeds that cropped the flow'ry fidtd 
** War, war, is threatenM from this ibrefgn ground. 
My 6iPtlNC -cried) where warlike steeds are found. 
Yet, since, reclaimed, to ehmiots they submit. 
And bend to stubborn yokes, and cliamp the bit« 
Peace may succeed to war."— Our way we bmcl 
To Pallas, and the sacred hill ascend ; 
There prostrate to the fierce virago pray. 
Whose temple was the landmark of our way. 
Hach with a Phrysian mantle veiled his head«. 
And all comman(w of Hefenus obey'd. 
And pious vH^ U* Grer^ian Juno naid. 

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iEKJUS. 233 

These dues p«rforiii'cl» w# «tMiob ouc sails aad stand 

To sea, forsaking that suspected land. 

From bence Tarentum's bay appears ,in Tiew» 

For Hereales renown-'d, if fiMne be true. 

Jast oppositey Lieinian Justt stwMls ) 

Ganlonian t«w^8 and Jdoykumaa strands 

For shipwrecks ^Mdr^d, Monnl JStnathence w^ fpj. 

Known by the sm«ky flames wbioh eid«d tbe sJcj. 

Far ofif we h^of the wavM wHh soiiy ffovad 

Invade therocKs, the-i^ks their nroaiM taboand. 

The billo^s^bteak npofi tftil» sonodnig stratidk 

And roll the rising tid^, im^nr# with sand. 

Then thus Anohises In experience old : 

♦"Ti^ that Charybdis which the seer fbt^toM, 

And those the promised rocks f B^ar gS t& sea !" 

With haste the frightened nlariners ohey. 

First Palinuras to the larbofird veer'd",* 

Then alf the fleet hj his example steer'd. 

To heav'n aloft on ridgy waves we ride. 

Then down to hell descend, when they divide ; 

And thrice our galleys knocked the stony ground, 

And thrice the hollow rocks return *d the sound. 

And thric9 we saw the stars that stood with dews 

The flagging winds forsook us with the sun ; 
And, waaried, on Oyclopian etiores we run* 
TIh5 port, capacious and secure from wind, 
f s to the foot of thund'ring ^tna joinM. ' 
By turns a pitchy cloud she roUs on high \ 
By turns. hot embers from her entrails fly, 
And flakes of mountain flames that lick the sky. 
Oft from her boweb massy rocks are thrown. 
And, shivered by the fcrce come pieceme^d down 
(Xt liquid lakes of burning si)lpliur flpw, 
Fed from the ficiy springs that boil bel&w.' 
Enceladus, they say, transfixed by Joye,; 
With blastod limbs came tumbling from 'libov» . 

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S34 £NEIS. 

And, where he fell, tb* urenging father drew 

This flaming hill, ai.d on hi» body threw. 

As often as he turns his weary sides, 

He shakes the solid isle, and smoke the heavens hidee^ 

In shady woods we pass the tedious itight, 

Where bellowing soundiband groans our liouUaffiright, 

Of which no eause is offiurM to the sight. 

For not one star was kindled in the sky, 

Nor could the raonn her borrowed light supply : 

For misty ckMids invAWM the drmament; 

The stars were muffled, and the moon was pent 

Scarce had the rising sun the day revealM ; 

Scarce had his heat the pearly dews dlspelPd ; 

When flrom the woods, tneir bolts before our sigbW 

Somewhat betwixt a mortal and a sprite* 

So thin, so ghastly meagre, and so wan. 

So bare of fiesh, be scarce resembled man. 

This thing, all tattered, seemM from far V implore 

Our nious aid, and pointed to the shore. 

We look behind ; then view his shaggy beard : 

His clothes were tagg'd with thorns; and filth his ttmV 

The rest, in nrien, in habit, and in face, 
AppearM a Gfeek ; and such indeed he was. 
He cast on us, from far, a frightful view, 
Who?n soon for Trojans and for foes he knew^- 
Stood stil! and paused ; then all at once began 
To stretch his bmbs, and trembled as he ran. 
Soon as apprpachM, upon bis knees he fallSf 
And thus with tears and sighs for pity calls: 
" Now, by the powers above, and what we share 
From nature^s common gift this vital air, 
O Trojans take me hence ! I beg no more. 
But b^r me far from this unhappy shore. 
*Tis true, 1 am a Greek, and further own. 
Among your foes besiegM the imperial town. 
For such desierits if my death be due. 
No RK ft for this al>andon*d life 1 sue : 

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iKircis. ^-^^ 

This (iii)y fovour hit \«y tMnobtain, 

To throw me heiMlbng in Ihc rapid ntaih 

Since nothing more tt»n <)eath my crime fiemaiMffl^ 

I die content to die by hiiman hunds." 

He said, and on bit knees my knoesvmfmicM: 

1 bade biro ^bdhfly tefi* his fortune pact, 

His present siate> his Hneage, and his namct 

Th' oocasion of his ftars, and whenee he emt^**- 

The good ^ nchises raisM Mm with 4iis hand, 

Who, thus encouraged, ansWerM our demand : 

»* From Ithaca, my native soil, I came 

To Troy ; and Ae faoem enides ray name. 

Me my poor father^ith Ulysses sent \ 

(O .• had i staid with Yx)terty content!) 

But fearful for themtehee, my countrjNnen 

Left n)e forsaken in the Cyclopes den. 

The eave, though lafge, was dark ; th« dnmal flaor 

Was pav*d with ihangled limbs and patrid gore. 

Our monstrous host, of tnore than hcnnan fl»e. 

Erects his head, and stares within the skies. 

Bellowing his v^i^e, andhorHd is hit hue. 

Ye gods, remove this plague from mortal view ! 

The joints of s)aughter*d wyetches^Me his food, 

And for his Wine he quaffe'the streaming bfood. 

These eyes beheld, when With hi* spacious hand 

He sei»M two captives of our Grecian hand ; 

Stretched on his back, he daisli'd against the stone* 

Their broken bodies, and their crackling benes; 

With spouting blood the ptnrple pavement^swtms, 

While the dire glutton grinds the Irehibling limbs. 

Not unreveng*d Ulysses bore their fote, 

Nor thoughtlees of his own tmhappy state ; 

For, gorg'd with flesh, and drank w^h htfoaan wine. 

While fast asleep this giant lay supine, 

Snorine afoud, and belching fh>m Jtfe-maw 

His indigiested foam, and nmrselt mw-<- 

We pray« we east the lots, and then samMind 

Tlie monstrous body, stretch'd *k)i;^ the ground: 

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236 JtKElS. 

Each, as he could apfwoteh biro, tends a hand« 
To bore his eyeball with a flamiBg brand. 
Beneath hie iiowniog forehead lay his eye ; 
For only one did the vast frame supply- 
But that a globe so laige, his fvmil it fillM, 
Like the sun's disk, o&Uke a Giecian ib'^d. 
The stroke succeeds ; and down tlie pupU bends: 
This veafveance lollowM for our slaughtered friends.^ 
But haste, unhappy wretches ! h»ste to Qy 1 
Your cables eut^and on your oars fely I 
Such and so vastaa Pc^ypbeiue appearsr 
A hundred mcra this. haled islaiid bears: 
Like him, in caves, they shut tlieir woolly sheep; 
Like him, their h^rds on tops of nKwaiainfl keep ; 
Like him, wMh mi(slity strioesy they stalk (torn stetp 

to steep. 
And BOW thcje inQons tbeir sharpened boma renew* 
Since thus in woods and wilds, obscure from view, 
( dra^ my loathsonie days with mortal friglu^ 
And in deserted caverns lodgis by niglu ; 
Oft from the rocks a dreadful prospect see 
Of the bm Cyclops, like a walking trea: 
From for 1 hear his thundering voice resound. 
And trampliiag ieet thai shake the solid ground. 
Cornels, and savage lierries of the wood, 
And roots and herbs have been my meagre food 
While aU around my longii^ eyes I cast, 
I saw your Uappy ships appear at 'ast 
On those I fixM my hones, to Uiese i run: 
*Tis all I a^, this cruel race to shun. 
What other death you please, yourselves bestow.** 
Scarce had he said, when on Uie roountaiirt brow 
We saw the g^t shepherd stalk before 
His following flock* and leading to the 8hor>^ 
A monstrous bulk, deforfla'd, deprived of sight ; 
His staff a trunk of pine, to guide his steps aright. 
His pond'fousr wh»tU from his nfck descends \ 
His wooUy care their pensive lord attends: 
This only solace his hard fortune sends. 

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Soon as be readied the dbove^ sivAioueh'd tite wates 

From his bor*d ef9 the gtnt^ring blood he )a?e8: 

He gnashM his teeth, and groan*d: through seas- lie 

strides ; 
And scarce the topfnost biUovrs touched his sides. 

Seix'd with a sudden fear, we rrni to sea, 
The cables cut and silent haste away ; 
The weU^deeerving stran^r entertain ; 
Then, buckling to the work, our oars dWide the m«lhi. 
The giant hearkenM to the dashmg sound : 
But, when out ^Fessels ottt of reach he found, 
He strided onwavd^, «(k1 « tain essayed 
Th' Ionian dtfep, and durst no ferthcr wade. 
Witli that he roar'd aloud : the dreiadful cry 
Shakes earth and 'air whd ami ? d\e billows fly, 
Before the bellowing noise, ic distant Ita^. 
rhe neighb'rmg iEtn« trertbling an aWttftdj '^ • 
The wind iiig caverns echo to tfw sound. ' 
His brother Cyclops hear the yelKng row, 
And rushing down the mountains, crowd ^e shore. 
We saw their stem distorted looks ftom fer. 
And one-ey'd glanoe,t4hat vainly threatened w« 
A dreadful counbllf whh tt!!e<r heads ori high 
(The misty clouds «b«tlti*ieir foreheads ^ 
Not yielding to the tow'HnK tree of J ore, 
Or tallest cypress of Diana^s grore. ' 
New pangs of mortal fear our minds- etesall ; 
We tug at ev»ry «ar, aadltotst up ev'ry sail, 
And take ih* adwntage of the firiendly gale. ' 
Forewarn'd by Helenus, we strivfeto fthuii- * ' 
Charybdis' gulf, nor dare to Scylla run. 
An equal fete on either side appears? 
We, tacking to the left, are free fW)nvfeaMt 
For, from Pelorus* point, the North arose. 
And drove us back where swift FBmtagias flowi. 
His rocky mouth we pass ; and iwakd ft* wav 
By Thapsus» and Megam^t wkidfilg bk¥. 

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X3K JLltSli. 

This passage Achceir^udes bad shown, 
Tracing tiie course which he before bad run. 
Ri^t o'er against Phmrayriurn^-s wau^ry strand. 
There lies an isle, once call'd ih* Ortygian land. 
Alpheiis, as old fatne ieport% has found 
From Greece, a secret passage underground, 
By love to beauteous Aretbusaled ; 
And, mingling here, they roll m the'Same saend b 
As Uelenus eujoinM, we next adore 
Diana's name, protectress of the shore. 
With prosperous gales we pass the quiet sounds 
Of still Helorus, and his fruitiul b^undft. 
Then, doubling cape Pachynus, we surv^ 
The rocky shore extended to the sea. 
The town of Camariue fi^om fat we see,, 
And fenny lake, uudraiuM by Fate^s decree. 
In sight of tba.Ge^n fields wa paas* 
And tkie large walls, where mighty Gela was;- 
Then Agragas, with lolty suoimits crowned, 
Long Sot the rac? of warlike steeds renowned. 
We pass*d Selinii^, and the palmy Iftnd* 
And widely shun the Xiilybssan^UiaMd. 
Unsafe for secret vociu and aovint^ sand. • 
At length on shore the weary fleet ArrivM, 
Which Drepan urn's unhapj^ sort receir'd. 
Here, after endless labours, often toes'd 
By raging stonss, and driv*n «n ev'ry oaast. 
my dear, dear fotberw^ient wiith age, I lost— 
Ease of my cares, and S9lace of my pain, 
Sav*d through a thousand tQil% bpt savM in vain. 
The prophdt, who my future- woes, revealM, 
Yet this, the greatest and tlie worst, coneealMt 
And diie CetenOi whose ferboding skill 
DenouncM all else, was silent of this ill. 
This my last labour was. Some friendly god 
From thenca coavey'd us to your blest abOKU.** . 

Thus, to the list'sing queen,the royal guesi 
His wand*ring course and all his toils expressed , 
And here concluding, he retir J tu rest 

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MV ElB. 



IHdo ditcoren to her sitter her passion for ^^oeat, nnd ker 
tboof hts of marrjrlug' him. She prepares a hunting match for 
bis entertainnent. Juno, hy Yemxa* consent, raises a «torm, 
which sep atalM tllBftoMrterB, and drir«S Mmtu and Uido in- 
to the tame cave, whoM th*ir marna^ is suppcMd to be com- 
f>leted. Jupiter Jeapatcbos Mereury to JS^Maa, |o irAm him 
rom Carthaee. iv^aeas secretly prepares for his vojrage. Hi- 
do finds out his design, and, to jput a stop to it« ro^aca use ot , 
b«rown and her sis^er^s entreaties, and oisdovers all ijie va 
ri?ty of pMMiont that are toeideot td k neglected fover. 
Wh'en nothing .c4Miii^i«vail fepoa liim, the •obtrirea bet ow« 
dwath, with which ttas hflok fwitMefc - 

But anxious oaret akeady baii'd tlw qumm t 
$he fed witbiu h«r voins a ^qm mMMa ) 
The hero*8 valour, acU^And burth* iii8|>i«» > 
tier soul with love, anU ian tha aeciei4re« 
His words, his lookst impriaied in her heart. 
Improve the passioa, and increase ih» sawii. 
Now, when the purpW mom had dfiasfd Aw&y 
The dewy shadows, and cestor'd the <dsLy^ 
Her sister first with early care shf .sought, . 
And thus in mourpful «oc«nis fM^^d bei thcnigbt . 
** My dearest Anna!,yvba|new dnMtmt affright 
My lab'rin^ soul ! wliai visions of the ni^Jit 

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S40 ANEI8. 

Disturb ray quiet, and distract my breast 
With strange ideas of our Trojan guest 
His worth, his actions, and majestic air, 
A man descended from the gods declare. 
Fear ever aigues a deg$n^ra|« \mid.t 
His birth is weU asserted by his mind. 
Then, what he suflfer'd wtwfrljy^Fate betray M 
What brave attempts for follingTroy he made ! 
Such were his looks, so giscCamy he s))oke, 
That, were I not resolv'd against the yoke 
Of hapless marriage ^aever to be curs'd 
With second love, so fyfal was myirst — 
To this one error I might yield again : 
For, since Sichseus was uptim^ly slain, 
I'his only man is able to subvert 
The fixM foupdationsof my stubbom'JMaft. 
And, •} confess my frailty to my shamei 
Somewhat 1 find within, if not the same. 
Too like the spawkles of my former flame. 
But first let yawning e;arth a passage rend. 
And 1ft me through the dark abyss ctesceiid-— 
First let avenging Jove, with fiamos finm higb^ 
Drive down this body to tb^nether-flity, 
Condemn'd with ghosts in endless night to lie- 
Before I break the plight6d &itll I gave ! 
No ! he who had my vows, shedl ever have : 
For, whom I k>v?d on earth, I werfibip nrthe grav«9.** 

She said : the tears na gushing from her eyes. 
And stopped herisneeoh. Her sister thus replies: 
*' O, dearer than the vital air I breathe t 
Will you to grief your blooming jrears beoueatb, 
Condemn*d to waste in woes your lonely Hie, 
Without the joys of mother, or of wife ! 
Think you these tears, this pompous train of wo. 
Are known or vaW<( by the ghosts below ? 
f grant ttnX while your eonows yet were green, 
1 1 well became a wobmui, sod a lucen. 

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MK%t», tit 

The rows of Tyri»Q pcMQes Do n^^sct, 

To scorn lartMUMMid bis love reject 

Will) all the L))i|yBii lords of itwgbty iwnne? 

But will you fi^,9^gatfist 1^ pleasiag flame.^ 

This Iittl<^ spot of l^d which he^v^ be^towj^ 

On ev*ry side i»faaiz)^'d with warliljM foes: 

Gaetulian etli«8«hers ai« spread around, 

And fterce Numidkuis their your fcoatiers ji^ouod : 

Here lieg a banren waste of thirsty land» 

And there the ^Syrtes raise ti^ moying sand ; 

Barcsean troops beside t\ys narrow ^ore, 

And {torn the sea Pycmalioa tiireateos njore. 

Propitious heaven, and gracious Juno, lead 

This wand'ring navy to your t^diul aid : ' 

How will your empire spreadf your city rise* 

From such a uniai^ and with euob allies ! 

Implore the iavewr of ^tbe pow'rs above ; 

And leave the oonduct of the rest to ^ve. 

Continue stiU your hospitable wayt 

And still invent «0(ca«on« of their stay« 

Till 8tomM«nd wioter winds shall cease to threat. 

And plank»4ttd oarsrepair their shatterd fle^t.*^ 

These words, which uom a friend and sister came, 
With ease resolv*d the scruples of her fiune, ' * 

And added fury to the kmoled flame. 
Inspired with hope, the prcject they pursue ; 
On evVy altar saciifiee renew ; 
A chosen ewe of two years old they pay 
To Gofss^ Ba«chuSr«nd the god of day. 
Preferring Juno's powV (for Juno ties 
The nuptial kaot, and makes the marriage Joys^) 
The beauteous queen before her altar stan^ 
And holds tlie golden gol^let id her hands, 
A milk-white heifer sIm with flow'rs adorns, 
A nd pours th0 tuddy wine betwijt her horns : 
A nd, while the pfftsle wMbpray'r the gods imi^ 
Slw feeds their allBcs iwith Sabssan smoke, 

VOL. I. Ifi 

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t4t JKNEIS. 

With hourly care the sacrifice renews, 
And anxiously the panting entrails views. 
Wiiat priestly rit^ alas! what pious art, 
What vows avail to cure a bleeding heart f 
A gentle fire she feeds within her veins, 
Where the soil ^ secure in silence reigns. 

Sick with desire, and seeking him she loves; 
From street to street the raving Dido roves. 
So, when the watchful sbephenl, from the Mind, 
Wounds with a random shaft the careless hind. 
Distracted with her pain slie flies the woods. 
Bounds oVr the lawn, and seeks the silent floods^ 
With fruitless care ; for still the fat£^ dart 
Sticks in her side, and rankles in her heart. 
And now she leads the Tio^an chief along 
The lofly walls, amidst the busy throng; 
Displays' her Tyrian wealth, and rising town, 
Which love, without his labour, makes 4iis own> 
T^is pomp she shows, to tempt her wand'ring guest 
Her mult'ring tongue forbids to speak the rest 
When day declines, and feasts renew the night, 
StiU oil his face she feeds her famish*d-sigHt ; 
She longs again to* hear the prince relate 
His own adventures, and the Trojan fate. 
He tells it o'er and o'er ; but still in vain, 
For still she begs to hear it once again. 
The hearer on the speaker's mouth depeiKts; 
And thus the tragic story never ends. 

Then, when they pait, when Phoebe's p*ler UghL 
Withdraws, and falling stars to sleep invite. 
She last remains, when ev'ry ^st is tfone, 
Sits on the bed he pressed, and sighs abnt; 
Absent, her absent hero sees and hears; 
Or in her bosom young Ascanius bears, 
And seeks the fathered image in the child. 
If love by likeness might be so beguilM. 

Meantime the rising tow'rs are at a stand • 
No labours exeiciss tlie youthful band, 

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AHEft. Mi 

Nur use of arts, nor toils of srms they know r 
The mole is left unfifnishM to the Ibe ; 
The mounds, the works, th* walls, neglected lie. 
Short of their promis*d height, that seemM to ttureat the 
But when impeilal Jano, from above, 
Saw Dido fetter*d in the chains of love. 
Hot with thfe venom which her veins inflam*d, 
And by no sense of shame to be ree1afm*d, 
With soothing words to YemiS'She begun: 
" High praises, endless honours, you have won. 
And mighty trophies, with your worthy Skm ! 
Two gods a silly woman bav^ undone! 
Nor am I ignorant, you both suspect 
This rising city, wbtch mv hands ereet: 
But shall celestial discord never cease f 
'Tis better ended in a tasting peace* 
You stand possessed of all your soul desired ; 
Poor Dido with consuming love is ftr'd. 
Your Trojan with my Tynan \eit us join^ 
So Dido shall be yours, ^Eneas mine — 
One common kingdom one united line. 
Eliza siiall a Darddiflord obey. 
And lofty Carthage for a dow*r convey." 
Then Venus (who her hidden fraud descried 
Which would the sceptre of the world misguide 
To Libyan shores) thtis artfully replied : 
" Who^ but a fool, would wars with Juno choon. 
And such alliance and such |ifts refuse. 
If fortune with our joint desires comply? 
The doubt is all ftotn Jove, and destiny ; 
Lest he forbid with absolute comnfabd. 
To mix the people' in one c^nimon land— 
Or will the Trojan and the Tyrian line. 
In lasting leagues Imd sure sutcesision, join* 
But you, the partner of hie'bed ttnd throne, 
May move w winii'i my #fsliM art your ornnJ* 

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f44 iMfiii* 

*' Mine," said impeml Juno, ** be the care >— 
Time u.'ges now : — to perfect tiiis affair. 
Attend my c<Hinsei, ana the. sec ret sliare. 
When next the $au his rising light displays, 
And gilds the world below with purple rays. 
The queen, -£neas, aad the Tyrian court, 
Shall to the shady woods, &x sylvan gaii^, resort j 
There, while the huntsmen pitch tlieii' toils aiound, 
And cheerful horns, from side to side, resouud, 
A pitchv cloud shall covfur all the plain , . 
With haiC and thunder, and tempestuous ram: 
The fea«-ful train shall Uke their speedy flight, 
Dispers'd and all involv'd io gloomy night: 
One cave a grateful shelter sliall afford 
To the feir princess arid th« Tiojan Icrd. 
I will myself the bridal bed prepare, 
If you, to bless the nuptials, will be iheve: 
So shall their loves be crown'd with due deUghU, 
And Hymen shall be present at the riiep." , 
The queen of love consents, and closely smiles 
At her vain project, and discovert wiles. 

The rosy morn was risvni from the main, 
And horns and houncls awake the ]>rincely tram: 
They issue early through the city gate, 
Where the more wakeful huntsmen ready wait. 
With nets, and toils, and darts, beside tlie force 
Of Spartan dogs, and swift Massylian horse. 
The Tyrian peere and officers of state, 
For the slow queen, in anti-chambers wait: 
Her lofty courser, in tlie court below, 
(Who his majestic rider seems to know) 
Proud of his purple tjfappinga, paws the ground. 
And champs tU« goWen bit, and spreads the loan 

around. . . ,. j 

The queen at length wp^^mm either hand. 
The brawny gmurds in martial order stand. 
A flowered tymar wiib goklea fringe «ba wwe. 
And at lier back a golden quit er boie. 

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Her flowing- hair a fcokiieB caul rertF«iti», 

A goideu el&«p the Tyrian rob« sustaina. 

Then yoang AseaniiW} with a sprigfatlj graoe* 

Leads on the Trojan youth to riew the ohaM* 

But far abova the rest in beauty shines 

The great ^neas^ When the troop he joina: 

Like fair Apollo^ when hetvares the Iroat 

Of wintry Xanthne, and the Lyeias ooa«t, 

When to his nathre Detos he reverts, 

Ordains tha dataoes, and renews the sports j 

Where painted Boythtatis, tnit'd with Oretao bands, 

Before the jorfta) aKars join their hands : 

Himself, on ujnthas walking, sees below 

The merry madness of the gacred show. 

Green wreaths of bays his length of hair enclose : 

A golden fillet binds his awful broipt's : 

His quiver sounds. — Not less the prince is seen 

In manl^ presence, or in lofty mien, [neat 

Now had they reach'd the hihs, and stormM the 
Of savage beauts, in dens, their last retreat. 
The cry pursues the mountain^goats : they bound 
From rook to rock, and keep the cra^y ground : 
Quite otherwise the stags, a trembling train. 
In herds onsingled^ scour the dusty plain* 
And a long chase, in open view maintain. 
The glad Ascaniu^ as his courier guides^ 
(Spurs through the vale, and these and those outrides. 
His horse'ff flanks and sides are foro'd to feel 
The clanking lash, and soring of the steel. 
Impatiently he views the feeble prey, 
Wishing some nobler beast to cross his way j 
And rather would the tusky boatr attend, 
Or see the tawny lion downward bend. 

Meantime* the gath^ng olovds obscure the skies : 
From pole to pole the forky lightning ties. 
The rattling thunders roll ; and Jnno pours 
A wizrtiy deluge down, and' sounding sboWn« 

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The company dispers'd, to coverts ride, 

And seek the horndy cots, or mountain^ hollow «hltt. 

The rapid rains, descending from the hills, 

To rolling torrents raise the creeping rills. 

The queen and prince, as Lox^e or fortune guidea« 

One common cavern in her bosom hides. 

Then first the trembling earth the signal gave ; 

And flashing fires enlighten all the cave: 

Hell from below, and Juno firom above, 

And howling nymphs, ware conscious to their love. 

From this ill-omen'd hour, in time arose 

Debate and death, and all succeeding woes» 

The queen, whom sense of honour could not move* 
No longer made a secret of her love. 
But caird it marriage, by that specious name 
To veil the crime, and sanctify the shaime. 

The loud report through Libyan cities goes. 
Fame, the great ill, from small beginnings grows— ^^ 
Swift from the first ; and ev'ry moment brings . 
New vigour to l)er flights, new pinion? to her wings. 
Soon grows the pigmy to gigantic si2e ; 
Her feet on earth, her forehead in the skies. 
Enrag'd against the gods, revengeful Earth 
Produced her, last ol theTitanian birth- 
Swift is her walk, more swift Her winged haste — 
A monstrous phantom, horrible and vast 
As many plumes as raise her lofty fliglit, 
So many piercinp eyes enlarge her sight : 
Millions of op'ning modths to Fame belong ; 
And ev*iy mouth is fumisbM with a tongue: 
And round with listening eartf the flying plague is 

She fills the peaceftil tmiverae tvith cries: 
No slumbers evei* close oer wakeftil eyes: 
By day, from lofty to^^'fs lit r head she shews. 
And spreads thro' tt9m>/Aofj c/owds disastrous new». 
With court informers harjt*, and rojral spies; 
Things done relates; not d f.4i she feigns; and mingles 
truth with lies. 

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Ttlk is her bui^^iMss : and bev chMf iMigfit 
To tell of pttMiigies, and emiftt affright. 
She fiUs the p«opie*8 ears with Dkio^s name, 
Who, ** lost to honottr and ttie sense of 8hauid» 
Adini^ into her throne and nuptial bnd 
A wandViiig fjUMt, who from his oouutry fled : 
Whale dayewith Mm the passes in delishu, 
And watiea in luxttiy loec whfitpr nights, 
Foiigetful o£ her fame ana royal trust. 
Dissolved in ease, ahandon^d'ta her lust** 

The goddess widely spreads the loud report, 
And flies at length la king larbas* court 
When first iiossesi^d with this unwelcome news, 
Whom did ne not of men and god*8 accuse ? 
This prince, from ravished Gcurmantis bom, 
A hundred temples did widi spoils adorn, 
In Ammon*8 honour, bis celestial sire ; 
A hundred altars fed with wakeful Are ; - 
And, tbrough hi» vast dominions, priests ordainM, 
Whose watchful care these holy rites maintain*d. 
The gates and columns were witi> garlands cMtwnM* 
And blood of victim beasts enriched the ground. 

He, when he heard a fugitive could move 
The Tyrian |HriiiDes, who disdani'd his love. 
His breast with 6ir^ buni'd, his eyes with fire- 
Mad with despair, impatient with desire — 
Then on the sacred alMM pouring wine. 
He thus with praf *rs 4n>plor*d his sire divine : 
** Great Jnve, propitious to the Moorish race. 
Who feast on painted beds, with offerings grace 
Thy temples, and adore tbv pow*r divine 
With blcNod of victims, and with sparkling wine ; 
Seest thou not iNisf or do we fear in vain 
Thy boasted thunder, and thy thoughtless reign f 
Do thy b«oad hands the ferky lightnings lance f 
Thine are the bolts, or the biindwork of chance? 
A wandering woman builds, within our state, 
A little town, bought at an i^asy rate ; 

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940 MMEi^. 

She pays m« boniBga, (and my giaou aOovT 
A narnnr space of Libyan lands tu plou|rh> 
Yet, scorning me, bv passion blindly led, 
Admits a banish'd Txi^n to ber bed ! 
Anrl now, this other Paris, witb bis train 
Of conquered cowards, must in Afric reigp ! 

(Whom, wliat they wee, their looks and gftfb 

Their locks with oil perAunM, their L^dlan tUeae.) 
He takes the spoil, enjoyfi the princely- dame ; 
And I, rejecieff I, adoce am euipty namal. 

His vows, in haughty terms, be thus jprefen'd, 
And held his altar's boms: the migbty Tikynd^rer 
Then cast his eyes on Carthage, wheve be found 
The lustful pair in lawless pl^suro drowned. 
Lost in their loves, insensible of shame. 
And both fofgetful of their better fame. 
He calls Cyllenius; apd the god attends; 
By whom this menaeing command he sends: 
** Go, moimt the western winds, and cleave the aky ; 
Then, with a swift descent, to Cartilage fly: 
There find the Troian cbiei^ wbo wawtas bis days 
In slothful jfiot ana in^orious ease. 
Nor minds tbe futarecity, given by Fate. 
To him this mmsage irom nay mouth ralaif \ 
Not 80 &ir Venus nop*d, wlieiHtwiee she wan 
Thy life with pny^is; nor p^oaiis'd sueh a soit« 
Hers was a benvdestinM le cowunaud 
A martial race, and rule tbe Latiau laiMl ; 
IVho should bis ancient Une fipom Teucer dfa« ; 
And ou the conquerM world impose tbe law. • 
if glory cannot move a raiad -so mean, . 
Nnr future praise from Ailing pleasure wean, 
Te< why should he de£rauid bis son of Aane 
And grudgs the Romans th^r immoctal name? 
What are bis vain designs? what hopes be laoni 
From bis long lingVuig on a hostile shore, 
Regardless to redeem his honour lost, 
And for his race to gain '))• \usouian coast? 

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Bid him with spi»d the Tyriaa corirt IcvsiIm: 
With this c otf i u ianrt theskunbViOf wanriar walw.** 

Hernie^ 6bey9: withgoId«t»ptiilim^bi6d6, 
His flying feet, skn^ mdunis thsiMscem windsjc 
And, #hMber tPer th« eeas or earth twfl»t. 
With rapid lbiij&tb«y beai< bint^imm the Am. 
Out first he grftips within his tmrfui hand 
The martr m s^^reign ptfv^^y bik mgj^ wand j 
With this he dtawi the gboMtt from hottow greres ; 
With this he dnvestbem down the S^^gian waves; 
With this he seals' ki deep the wakefiit d^r 
And eyes, (hough olei^d in death, restovea lo Hght. 
Thus arm'd, the gdd begins hts ftiry race, 
And drives thb racking cknids along the liquid space : 
Now sees the top of Atlas, as be ties, 
Whose brawny back flupportsrtbe starry sfciee— 
Atlas, whoso head, Wi^ piny foiesit cronmM^ 
(s oeaten by tl)# Wind s^with foggy vapours bound. 
Snows hid6 Ms shoulders: from beneath bis chin 
The founts of rolling screams their vace begin: 
A beard of iotufh M» \tiVg$ breast depends*^ . 
Here, poised troon his wingti ^^ S^d dcsceiKte : 
Then, resthig fmis, be fioni tftie towHfog height 
PlungM doWKftftird wkh pieeipitaced flight. 
Lights on thte seas, and skiiM akm^the ilood ; 
As watei'ft^s, Who seele thehr fishy iaid, 
Less, and yet less, to disiam ptcmpHt tlxom-; 
By turns they danM adoft^ and- dive below ; 
Like these, the ^teemg» of his wings he pikt. 
And near th# snrfiiee of the water flka. 
Till, having pass'd the eeas^ and oioss'd the sandsi 
He closM his wings, Hhd stooped ow Libyan iaacis, 
JVhere shepherds onc» were hdas*d iw homely shedk, 
Now tciw*r« #!thin Che elduds ad^ranoe their faeadK 
Arriving there, helbund the Trojan prinee 
New raropartft mMng for the town^ de&nce, 
A purple scarf, with gold •mbraidtr'd e^eiv 
(^een Dido*s gift) about bis waist he wore -, 

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180 JUHUt. 

A rword, with glitt'riiig gomt diveraifiedi 
For dmamtnt, not use, hutog idly by his sidt. 
Then ttuis, with wingBd words, the god begut. 
Resuming bis own shape— «* Degen'nue man ! 
Thou woman's fMroperty ! what mak'st tbou hei% 
These foreign waUs and Tyrian towers to rear, 
Foigetful of thy own f AU'powerful Jove, 
Who swi^s the world below and heaT*n«bovar 
Has sent me down with this severe commaud : 
What means thy lingViug in tbe Libyau.laBd f 
If glory cannot move a mind so wean, .. 
Nor future praise irom flitting pleasure wean, 
Regard the fortunes of thy rising heir: 
The promised crown let young Ascanius wear. 
To whom th' Ausonian sceptre, and the state 
Of Rome*s imperial name, is ow*d by Fate." 
So spoke the god ; and, speakings look his fljght% 
InvolvM in clouds; and vanished out of sight. 

The pious pruiee was seis'd with s^iddcn hat: 
Mute was his tongue, and upright stood bk hair. 
Kevolving in his mtnd the stern command^ 
He longs to fly, and loatbs tbe chamiing land. 
What ^ould he say f or how should be begin f 
What course,' alas I remains, to steer belwaen 
rh* offinided lover and tbe pew*rful queen ? 
This way, and that, be tuivis bis anxious nMBd« 
And all expedients toes, and aene can find. 
I* ix*d on tbe doaA, but doubtful of the vieans^ 
After long thoognt, to this advice he leans> 
I hree chiefs he cidls, commands them to vepair 
The fleet, and ship their hmp, with silent care : 
Some plausible ^tence be bids them find, 
To colour what in secret be designM. 
Himself, meantime, the softest hours would choose. 
Before the love-siok lad^ heard the news; 
And move her tender mmd by slow .degrees, 
I'o suffer what tbe sovereign pow'r decvees ; 

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Jove win lAs^irar b!m» when, and what to say.— 
They hear with pleasure, and with haste obey. 

But soon the oueen percieves the thin disguise: 
(What arts can blind a jealous woman*8 eyes ?) 
$he was the first to find the secret fraud, 
Before the fatal news was blaz'd abroad. 
Love the first motions of the lover hears, 
Quick to presage, and e'en in safety fears. 
Nor impious Fame was wanting to report 
The ships repair'd, the Trojans quick resort, 
And purpose to forsake the I'jrrian court. 
Frantic with iear, impatient of the wound, 
And impotent of mind, she roves the city round. 
Less wild the Bacchanalhin dames appear, 
When, from afar, their nightly god they hear. 
And howl about the bills and shake the wreathy spear. 
A I length she finds the dear perfidious man ; 
Prevents his form'd excuse, and thus began : 
*' Base and ungrateftjl ! could you hope to fiy. 
And undiscover*d, 'scape a lover's eye ? 
Nor could my kindness your companion move, 
Nor plighted vows, nor dearer bands of love ? 
Or is the death of a despairing queen 
Not worth preventing, tnough too well foreseen f 
E*en when tlie wintry wimfo command your stay, 
Vou dare the tempests, and defy the sea. 
False as you ai«, suppose you were not bound 
To lands unknown, and foreign coasts H) sound ; 
Were Troy restoi'd, and Priam's happy reign. 
Now durst you tempt, for Troy, the ragmg main {, 
See, whom yon fly ! am I the foe you shun f 
Now, by those holy vows, so late begun. 
By this right hand (since I have nothing more 
To challenge, but the faith you save before) 
I b^ you by these tears too tmfy shed. 
By the new pte aaui e s of our nuptial bed ; 
If ever Dido, when you most were kind, 
Were pleasing in your eyes, or touch'd your mmd : 

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By these my pray'rs, if pray'rs may yet have placai 
Pity the forlune of a falling race I " 
For you I have provok'd a tyrant's hate^ 
Incens'd tiie Libyan and the Tyrian btaic , 
For you alone, 1 suffer in my fame, y 

Bereft of honour, mid exposed to sliame i 
Whom have I now to trust, ungrateful guest f 
(That only name remains of all the rest I) 
What have I left ? or whither can I fly ? 
Must I attend Pygmalion's cruelty, , 

<)r till larbas sliall in triumph lead 
A queen, that proudly scorned his profferVl bed I 
Had you deferr'd, at least, your liasty flij^lii. 
And left behind some pledge of our delight, 
Some babe to bless the mother's mouruful sight, 
Some young iEueas to supply your place. 
Whose features might express his father's face; 
I sI)ould not then complain to live t>ereft 
Of all my husband, or be wholly left." 

Here pausM the queen. Unmov'd he holds hiseye^^ 
By Jove^s command ; nor suflfer'd love to rise, 
Tho' heaving in Insiieart; and thus at length replies 
** Fair queen, you never can enough repeat 
Your boundlea favours, or 1 own my debt; 
Nor can my mind foi;g;9t Eliza's name, 
While vital breath inspires this mortal frau)» 
This only let me speak in my defence— 
r never hop*d a secret flight from hencCr 
Much less pretended to the lawful claim 
Of sacred nuptials, or a busband' 
For, if indulgent heaven would leave me free, 
And not submit my, life to Fate's decree. 
My choice would lead mo to the Trojaa shore. 
Those relics to review, their dust adoie;. 
And Priam^s ruin'd palace to restore. 
And now the Delphian oracle command«» 
And Fate invites me to the Laxian laadt 

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That is the promlMpkiiee to which f mm»i ; 
And all my tows are termWtaied there. 
If you, a Tyrinn and stran^r bmni, 
Willi walls aad towers, a Libyan town aHom* 
Why may no: we— like yoii, a foreign race— 
Lilce you, seek shelter in a foreign place ? 
As often as the night obscirres the skiet 
With humid shades, or twkikling stars-ariee, 
Anchises* angry ghost in dreams appears, 
Chides, my (felay, and fills my soul with feare: 
And young Ascanius Justly may complain, 
Defrauded of his fate, and destin'd reign. 
E'en now the herald of the go(ts vppear'd ^ 
Waking I hslW him, and his message heard. 
From Jove he came commission'd, hearenljrbr^lit 
With radiant beams, and manifest to^glit< 
(The sender and the sent I both attest) 
1 hese walls he ent«r^d, and these worat cxpnees^ 
Fair queen, oppose not' what the tods eomtnond: 
ForcM by my rate, I leave your hkppy land.*^ 

Thus while he spoke, already she began 
With sparkling ejres to view the guihy man, 
From bead to foot, «unrey*d hts person o*er. 
Nor longer these outrageous tht«ats forbotft 
♦« False as thou, and more than false, forsworn I 
Not sprung IW>m noble blood, nor goddess-boni. 
But hewn from harden*d entrails of a rock i 
And rough Hyrcanian tigers gaire thee suek ! 
Wliy should I fawn ? vrhat have f worse to fear ^ 
Did tie once look, or lent a fidt*mne ear, 
Sigird when I sobb'd, or shed One kindly tear ? 
All symptoms of a base ungrateful mind. 
So foul, that, whtch is wors^, \is hard to find 
Of man*s injustice why ^houkt I complain ^ > 
The gods, and Jove him^f, behoM in vatn 
Triumphant treason ; yet no thundtfrHMt; 
Nor Juno views my wrongs, with equal «y«ir 
Pai -less is earth, and fidiilMs are tfieiliteet 

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tS4 «IICM. 

Jufltice is fled, and truth is now 110 inora I 
I sav'd the shtpwreck'd exile on my sliora ; 
With needful rood his hungry Trojans fed ; 
I took the traitor to my throes and bed; < 
Fool that I was — His little to repeat 
The rest — I storM and rigged his ruiuM fleet. 
I rave, 1 rave ! a god*s command ho pleads. 
And makes heaven accessory to his deeds. 
Now Lycian lots, and now Uie Deliaa god, 
""Now Hermes is ooiployM from Jqve^s abode. 
To warn him hence ; as if the peaceful state 
Of heavenly pow'rs were touched with human ikts. 
But go! thy flight no loager I detain— 
Go ! seek thy promised kingdom through the main ! 
Yet, if the heav^mt will hear my pious vow. 
The fiiithless wavM, not lialf so false as thou. 
Or secret sands, shall«epulchres aflbrd 
To the proud vtseelsy and their perjured lord. 
Then shak thou call on injured Uida s name : 
Dido shall coma in a black sulph-ry flame : 
When death has once dissolved her mortal firam^^ 
Shall smile to see the traitor vainly weep : 
Her angry ghost arising from the deep. 
Shall haunt thM waking, and disturb thy sleep. 
At least my shade thy punishment shall know ; 
And Fame sliall spread the pleasing n^ws below.** 

Abruptly here she stops — then turns away 
Her loathing eyes, and shuns the sight of day. 
AmazM he stood, revolving in his mind 
What speech to frame, iMid what excuse to find. 
Her fearful maids their fearful mistress led, 
And softly laid lier on her iv'ry bed. 

But good iBneas, though he much desir'd 
To give that pity whicli her grief requir'd — 
Though much ha mo«rn*d and laboured with his lovr- 
Resolv*d at length, obeys tha wiU of Jove ; 
Reviews his Ibroea: they with eai^y cara 
Unmoor their vassal^ and far sea prtpare. 

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The fleet is soon afloat, in all its pride ; 
And well caiUi(>'d galleys in the harbour ride. 
Then oaks fox oars they fellM ; or as tliey stood. 
Of its green anns despoilM the growing wood, 
Studious of flight. 7 he beuch is coverM o^er 
With Trojan bands that blaciien all the shore: 
On ev^ry si^de are seen descending down, 
Thick swarms of soldiers, leaden from the town. 
Thus, in battalia, march embodied ants. 
Fearful of winter, and of future wants, 
T* invade the corn, and to their cells couvey 
The plundered foit^e of their yellow prey. 
The sable troops, along the narrow tracii^s, 
Scarce bear the weighty burden on their backs : 
Some set their shoulders to the ponderous grain t 
Some guard the spoil, some lasli the lagging train } 
All ply their several tasks, and equal tou sustain. 
What pangs the tender breast of Dido tore. 
When from the towV, she saw the coverM shore» 
And heard the shouts of sailors, from afar, 
MixM with the murmurs of the watery war ! 
AU-powerful Love ! what changes canst thou cause 
In human hearts, subjected to tly laws ! 
Once more her haugtity soul the tyrant bands: 
To prayers and mean submissions she descends. 
No female arts or aids she left untried, 
NorcDunsels unexplorM, before ^e died. 
^ Look, Anna ! look I the Trojans crowd to sea ; 
They spread tlieir canvas, ana their anchors weigh. 
The shouting crew their ships with garlands bind. 
Invoke the sea-gods, and invite the wind. 
Could I have thought his threatening blow so neai. 
My tender soul had been forewanrd to bear 
But do not ynu my last request deny : 
With yon perfldipus man your int*(«st try, . 
And bring me news, if I must Uve or dia. 
You are his favorite : vou alone can flmi 
The dark recesses nf hU inmost minds 

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S66 £ff€it. 

In all bis trusted secrets yeu have part, 

And know the soft approaches of nis heart 

Haste then, and humbly seek my haughty fee ; 

Tell him, I did not with the Grecians go, 

Nor did my fleet against his friends employ. 

Nor swore the ruin of unhappy Troy, 

Nor movM « ith hands profane his father^ dust; 

Why should he then reject a Miit so just ? 

Whom does he shun ? and whither would he ilyf 

Can he this last, this only prayV deny f 

Let him at least his dangerous flight delay. 

Wait better winds, and hope a ccumer sea. 

The nuptials he disclaims, 1 uige no more : 

Let him pursue the promised Latin shore. 

A short delay is all i ask him now — 

A pause of grie^ an interval firom woy 

Till my soft soul be tempered to sustain 

Accustom'd sorrows, and' inur'd to pain. 

If you in pky grant this one request, 

My death shall glut the hatred of his breast.** 

7'his mournful message pious Anna bears. 

And seconds, with her own, her sister*s tears: 

But all her arts are still empIoyM in vain : 

A^in she comes, and is reiusM again. 

His hardenM heart nor prayers nor threat*nings mov* , 

Fate, and the god, had stopped his ears to love. 

As when the winds their airy quarrel try, 
Justling from ev'ry quarter of the sky. 
This way and that x\\e mountain oak they bend ; 
His boughs they shatter, and his branches rend ; 
W ith leaves and falling mast they spread the ground ; 
The hoUow valleys echo to the sound : 
Unmoved, the roval plant their fury mocks, 
Or, shaken, clings more closely to the rocks t 
Far as he shoots his towVing head on high. 
So deep in earth his fix*d ibundations lie. 
No less a storm the Trojan hero bears; 
Thksk messages and loud com^daints he heart, 
\nd baiidJeri words, stil) heating on his ears. 

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Sighs, groans, and toars, proclaim his inward pains; 
But the firm purpose of his heart remains. 

Tlie wretched qneen, pursuM by cruel Fate, 
Begins at length tlie lieht of bear*n to hate, 
And loaths to live. Then dire portents she sees. 
To hasten on the death ner soul decrees- 
Strange to relate ! for when beiore the shrine. 
She pours in sacrifice the purple wine, 
The purple wine is turnM to putrid blood ; 
And the white offerM milk converts to mud. 
I'his dire presage, to her alone revealed. 
From all, and e*en her sister, she concealed. 

A marble temple stood within the grove. 
Sacred to death, and to her murdered love ; 
That honoured chapel she had hung around 
With snowy fleeces, and with garlands crowuM : 
Oft, when she visited this lonely dome, 
Strange voices issued from her husband^s tomb: 
She thought she beard him summon her away. 
Invite her to Ua grave, and chide her stay. 
Hourly *tis heard, when with a boding note 
The solitary screech-owl strains her throat, 
And, on a chimney's top or turret's height. 
With songs obscene disturbs the silence of the nighL 
Besides, old prophecies augment her fears; 
And stem .Sneas in her dreams appears, 
Disdainfiil as by day: she seems, alone, 
To wander in her sleep, through ways unknown, 
Guideless and dark ; or, in a desert plain, 
To seek her subjects, and to seek in vain — 
Like Pent hens, when distracted with his fear. 
He saw two suns and double Thebes appear ; 
Or mad Orestus, when his mother's ginist 
Full in his face infernal torches tossed. 
And shook her snaky locks: he shuns the sight, 
Flies o'er the stage, snrprt^d with mortal mght • 
The Furies guard the door, and imtiX^ept his flight 

VOL. I. *7 

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fSB iRNBit 

Now, sinking undemestfa a load o£ gnef, 
From death alone the seeks her last relief: 
The tune and meant resolv*d within her brean. 
She to her moumfid sister tbiis addressed : 
(DissemUrng hope, her cloudy fiont she clears, 
And a iaise vigour in her eyes appears.) 
*< Rmoice !** she said, ^ instructed from above. 
My lover I ^all g^n, or lose my love. 
Nigh rising Atlas, next the ialling sun. 
Long tracts of iBthiopian climates run : 
There a Massylian pnestess I have found, 
Honour'd for age, for magic arts renuwoM : 
Th* Hesperian temple was her trusted care ; 
*Twa8 she supplieatbe wakeful dragon's fore. 
She, poppy-sesds in honey taught to steep. 
RecIaimM his rage, and sooth'd him into sleep: 
She watched the golden Aruit Her chcurms unbind 
The chains of love, or fix them on the mind: 
She stops the torrents, leavet; ttie channel dry. 
Repels the stars, and backward bears the sky. 
The yawning earth rebellows to her oaU ; 
Pale ghosts ascmid ; and mountain ashes foU. 
Witness, ye gods, and thou m^ better part. 
How loth 1 am to try this impious art I 
Within the secret court, with silent care. 
Erect a lofty pile, expos'd in air : 
Hang, on the topmost part, the Tr^an vest, 
Spoiu, arms, and presents, of mv foitlileffi ^est 
Next, under these, the fondal bed be placed. 
Where I mv ruin In his arms embraced. 
All relics of the wretch are doomed to fire ; 
For so the priestess and her charnis reguire.** 
Thus for she said, and further speech «>rb«ars. 
A mortal paleness in hm foce appears: 
Yet the mratru^ess Anna could not find 
The secret ftm*ral in these rites designed ; 
Nor thought so dire a me nosssss'd her loibd. 

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Unknowing of a tn\n ooBceid^ m triB, 

She rear*d no wort* than wlicn SioiNnHi iett $ 

Therefore ob^s. The fiital pile they -riftr. 

Within the secret eourt, eKpcraMia air. 

The cloven holme noA piaei «re heaf>*4 on hlghi 

And garlands on the hraow spaoee lie. 

Sad cypiees, vermin, yew,.oiuiip(Jie tto wteath ; 

And ev*ry baJeful ^;reen denoting -deatii. 

The queen, detenminkl to the -fiital -dead. 

The spoils and •sword he left, m Girder eperad 

And the man^ imagf on the imptial bed. 

And now (the saerad akara phic*d around) 

The priestess enters with iwr hair unbouad. 

And thrice invokes (he paw*iB below the gvonad. 

Night, Erebus, and Chaos, she praclairoB, 

And threefold Hecat, with her liundi«d namM, 

And three Dianas: next she ^riokles roimdt 

With feign'd Avemian deeps, the faallowV pomai \ 

Culls hoary simples, found by Phoebe's ligftit. 

With brazen sickles nap'd at noon^ niilrt; 

Then mixes baleful juices in the bewl, * 

And cuts the forehead cf a sewbom foml, 

Robbing <be mother*a love. The destined quevi 

Observes, as8isttn|( at the ntes i](bseene : 

A leaven'd cake in her devoted hande 

She holds ; and nest the hij^ieit ator standst 

One tender foot was shod, her other bare ; 

Girt was her gatbev^ gown, and loose herhakr. 

Thus dress'd, she sununonM, with her dyiag hnaih» 

The heavens and plants oouscioue of ker d e ath. 

And ev*iy pow'r, a any rutos^bove, 

Wlio minds or who revenges iniur'd love. 

'Twas dead of night, when weoiy bodies «(1m0 
Their eyes in bahny sleep, and stsft leposes 
The winds no longer wtasper th20U|^ the woed^ 
Nor munn*rin| li(]^ distturb thefeiiae A»ade. 
Theetanin suent oidsr aMived aiouad : fepniiag. 

And Peace, with >diiwiqr wiagp, was tec«dio| ea the 

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^0 Mimin, 

The flocks and herda, and paxticolour'd fowl 
Which haunt the woods or evrim the weedy pool, 
Stretch'd on tlie quiet earth, securely lay. 
Forgetting the past labours of the day. 
All else of nature's common gift partake ; 
Unhappy Dido was alone awake. 
Nor sleep nor ease tlie furious queen can find : 
Sleep fled her eyes, as quiet fled her mind. 
Despair, and rage, and love, divide her heart ; 
Deioair and rage had some, but love the {greater part 

Then thus she said within her secret mind : 
•* What shall I do? what succour can I find ? 
Become a suppliant to larbas* pride. 
And take my turn to court and be denied ? 
Shall I with this ungvateful Trojan go, 
Forsake an empire, and attend a foe ? 
Himself I refuged, and his train relieved — 
•Tis true— but am I sure to be receiv'd ? 
Can gratitude in Trojan souls have place ? 
Laomedon still lives in all his race ! 
Then, shall I seek alone the churlish crew, 
Or with my fleet, their flying sails pursue ? 
What force have I but those, who scarce before 
I drew reluctant from thair native shore f 
Will they again embark at mydesure. 
Once more sustain the seas, and quit their second Tyra * 
Rather with steel thy guilty breast invade. 
And take the fortune Uiou thyself hast made. 
Your pi^> sister, first seduced my mind, 
Or seconded too well what I designed. 
These dear-boughl pleasures had 1 never known. 
Had i continued free, and still my own — 
Avoiding love, I had not found despair. 
But sharM with savage beasts the common air. 
Like them, a lonely lifd I might have led. 
Not moum*d the livmg, nor disturbM the dead.** 
These thoughts she !:r^ded in her anxious breast— 
(>n board, tlM Troinn *bund roo«e easy rest. 

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ANfilS. ft61 

Resolv'd to sail, in deep he passM the night ; 

And orderM all things for his early flight 

To whom once more the winged god appears. 

His former youthful mien and shape he wears. 

And with this nei^ alarm invades his ears : 

" Sleep*st thou O goddess-born f and canst thou drewu 

Thy needful cares, so near a hostile town, • 

Beset with foes; nor heaf st the weste/n gales 

Invite thy parage, and inspire thy sails ? 

She harbours in her heart a furious hate, 

(And thou shalt find the dire effects too late) 

Fix*d on revenge, and obstinate to die. 

Haste swiftly hence, while thou hast pow'r to tly. 

The sea with ships will soon be covered e'er, 

And blazing firebrands kindle all the shore. 

Prevent her rage, while night obscures the skie^ ; 

And sail before the purple mom arise. 

Who knows what hazards Uiy delay may bring ? 

Woman*s a various and a changeful thing." 

Thus Hermes in the dream ; then took his flight. 

Aloft in air unseen, and mixVl in night. 

Twice wamM by the celestial messenger. 
The pious prince arose with hasty fear ; 
Then rousM his drowsy train without delay : 
** Haste to your banks, ycur crooked anchors weiglii 
And spread your flying sails, and stand to sea ! 
A god commands: he stood before my sight, 
Ami urg'd us once again to speedy flight. 
O sacred pow'r ! what pow'r soever thou art. 
To thy blest orders I resign mv heart, 
.ead thou the way ; protect thy Trojan bands; • 
And prosper the design thy will commands." 
He said ; and, drawing forth his flaming sword. 
His tiiundVing arm divides the many-twisted cord. 
And emulating zeal inspires his train : 
They run ; they snatch ; they rush into the main. 
With headlong haste they leave the desert shores, 
And brush tiie liquid seas with lab*ring oars. 

Digitized by GoOgl^--^ 

S6f JCllEfS 

Aurora no¥r had left her saffron bed. 
And beams of early light, the heav*ns o'efspfcad, 
When from a tow>, the qiieen, with wakeful eyes, 
Saw day point upward from the rosy jkies. 
She look'd to seaward : but the sea v/as void, 
And scarce in ken the sailing ships descried. 
Stung with despite, and furious with despair, 
She struck her trembling breast, and tore her hain 
•* And shall th* ungrateful traitor go (she said,) 
My land forsaken, and my love betray'd ? 
Shall we not arm? not rush from ev'ry street? 
To follow, sink, and binm, his purjur'd fleet? 
Haste ! haul my gallevs out ! pursue the foe ! 
Bring flaming brands ! set sail, and swiftly row I 
What have 1 said ! where am 1 ? Fury turn* 
My brain ; and my distemperM bosom bums ; 
Then, when I gave my person 8md my throne. 
This hate, this rag*, naa oeei more timely shown. 
See now the promis'a faitn, toe vaunted name, 
The pious man, who, rushing through the flame^ 
Preserved his gods, and to the Phrygian shore 
The burden of his feeble father bore t 
I should have torn him piece-meal— strew'd ki floods 
His scattered limbs, or left exposed in woods- 
Destroyed his friends and son— and from the fire 
Have set the reeking boy before the sire. 
Events are doubtful, which on battle wait ! 
Yet whe.e*8 the doubt, to souls secure of /kte f 
My Tyrian8,at their injurM queen's command, 
Had tossed the>r fires amid the Trojan band ; 
At once extinguished all the faithless name ; 
And 1 myself, in vengeance of my shame, 
Had fallen upon the pile, to mend the funhrsd flame. 
Thou sun, who view'st at once the world below! " 
Thou Juno, guardian of the nuptial vow ! 
Thou Hecut, hearken from thy dark abodei! 
Ve Furies, fiends, and violated gpde! 

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mtiKM, 9(3 

All powers invoked with DidoV dying braath, 

Attend her curses tnd avensB her death ! 

If so the Fates ordain, and Jove commands, 

Th' ungrateful wretch should find the Latiac UxmU. 

Yet let a race untamed, and haughty foes. 

His peaceful entrance with dire armsopposai 

Oppres8*d with numbers in th* unequal oeld« 

His men discouragM, and himself expellM, 

Let him for succour sue from place to place, 

Tom from bis subjects, and bis son^s erabraot. 

First let him see his friends in battle slain, 

And their untimely fate lament in vain : 

And when at length the cruel war shall cease. 

On hard conditions may he buy his peace: 

Nor let him then enjoy supreme command ; 

But fkll, untimely, by some hostile hand. 

And lie unburied on the barren sand ! 

These are my pra^'rs, and this my dying will: 

And you, my Tynans, ev'ry curse fulfil 

Perpetuid bate and mortal wars proclaim 

Against the prince, the people, and the name. 

These gratenil offerings on my grave bestow ; 

Nor lei^e, nor love, the hostile nations know ! 

Now, and from hence, in ev'ry future age. 

When rage excites your arms, and strength supplies the 

Rise some avenger of our Libyan blood. 
With fire and sword pursue the peijurM brood — ^ 
Our arms, our seas, our shores, oppos'd to theirs— 
And the same hate descend on all our heirs !** 

This said, within her anxious mind she weighs 
The means of cutting short her odious days. 
Then to Sichseus* nurse she briefly said, 
(For, when she left her countnr, hers was dead) 
** Go, Barce, call my sister. Let her care 
The solemn rites of sacrifice prepare ; 
The sheep, and all th* atoning offerings, bring ; 
Sprinkling her body from the crystal spring 

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t64 JCNElt. 

With living drops ; tlien let her come ; and tlKMi 
With sacred fillets bind thy hoary brow. 
Thus will I pay my vows to Stygian Jove. 
And end the cares of my disastrous love ; 
Then cast the Trojan image on the fire ; 
And, as that bums, my passion shall expire.** 

The nurse moves onward with officious care. 
And all the speed her aged limbs can uear. 
But furious Dido, with dark thoughts involved, 
Shook at the mighty mischief she resolv'd. 
With livid spots distinguished was her face ; 
Red were her roiling eyes, and discomposM her pace 
Ghastly she gaz^d ; with pain she drew her breath ; 
And nature shiverM at approaching death. 

Then swiftly to tliO fatal place she pass'd, 
And mounts the funeral pile with furious haste ; 
Unsheaths the sword \he Trojan left behind, 
(Not for so dire an enterprzic designed.) 
But when she view'd the garments looi-^ly spread, 
Which once he wore, and saw the conscious bed, 
.She paused, and with a sigh the robes encbracM, 
Then on the couch her trembling body cast, 
Repressed the ready tears, and spoke her last : 
" Dear pledges of my love, while heav'n so pleas^n. 
Receive a soul, of mortal anguish eas'd. 
My fatal course is finished ; and 1 go, 
A glorious name, among the ghosts below. 
A lofty city by my hands is rais'd ; 
Pygmalion punish^, and my lord appeasM. 
What coula my fortune have afforded more. 
Had the false Trojan never touch'd my shore ?'• 
Then kiss'd the couch : and " Must I die," she said, 
" And unrevengM ? 'tis doubly to be dead ! 
Yet e^cn this death with pleasure I receive : 
On any terms, His better than to live. 
These flames from far, may tlie felse Trojan view ; 
These boding omens his ba^e flij^bt pursue !** 

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She laid, and struck : deep entef d in her side 

The piercing steel, wiih reeking purple (Iy*d : 

CloggM in the wound the cruel weapon stands ; 

The spouting blood came streaming on her hands 

Her sad attendants saw the deadly stroke, 

And with loud cries the sounding palace shook. 

Distracted £rom the (atal siffht they fled. 

And through the town the dismal rumour spread. 

First firom the frighted court the yeU began ; 

Redoubled, thence lirom house to house it ran : 

The |itians of men, with shrieks, laments, and crioa 

Of mising women, mount cbe vaulted skies. 

Not less the clamour, than if ancient Tyre, 

Or the new Carihagp, set by foes on fire — 

The rolling ruin, with their lov*d abodes, 

Involv*d the blazing temples of their gods. 

Her sister hears, and, furious with despair, 

bbe beatA her breast, and rends her yellow hair. 

And, calling on Eliza^s name aloud. 

Runs breathless to the place, and breaks the crowd. 

t( Was all that pomp of wo for this preparM, 

These fiFe:^ this funVal pile, these altars rear'd ? 

Was all this train of plou contrived, (said she) 

All only to deceive unhappy me ? 

Which is the worst ? Didst thou in death preteiici 

To scorn thy sister, or delude thy friend? 

Thy summoned sister and thv friend had come : 

One sword had serv'd us both, one common tomb : 

Was I to raise the pile, the powers invoke, 

Not to be present at the fatal stroke f 

At once thou hast destroyed thyself and me, 

Thy town, thy senate, and thy colony ! 

Bring water ! bathe the wound ; while I in death 

Lay close my lips to he«s, and catch the flying breath.^ 

This said, she nr.ounts the pile with eager haste. 

And h) her arms the gasping queen embraced, 

Her temples chaf 'd ; and her own garments tore. 

To stanch the streaming bloorl. and cleanse the gore. 

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2%% ANSIS. 

Thrice Dido tmd to r<uae hm drooping heaa, 
And, fiunting, tl)ric« fell grotr*liBC on the bed ; 
Thrice op*d her beavj ejres, amfsaw the light. 
But, having founJ it, sicken'd at the sight, 
And closM tier Udi at last in endless night 
Then Jiino,|(rieving that she should sustain 
A death so ling^rios, and so full of pain. 
Sent Iris down, to free her firom the strife 
Of labVing nature, and dissolve her Ufe> 
For, since she died!, not doomed by heav Vs deeres 
Or her own eriine, bat human casual^, 
And rage of love, that plungM her in despair, 
The sisters had not out the topmost hair, 
Which Proserpine and the^can onlv know ; 
Nor made her sacred to the shades below. 
Downward the various goddess took her flight. 
And drew a thousand colours from the light; 
Then stood above the dying Inverts head, 
And said, *• I thus devote tbee to the dead. 
This off 'ring to the mfemal gods 1 bear.'* 
Thus while she spoke, she cut the fetal hairt 
The struggling soul was loos*d and life dissolvVi 

SUP Of VOL. ona 

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Vol. II. 



18 70. 

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iE N E I S. 



Aaess, •etthtf rail from Afric. t» driven b^ » Btom oa tli# 
coMt of Sicily, where he is hotipitably received bj bis friend 
Acestetf kin|; of part of the island, Aod bom of Trojao parent- 
age, lie opplies biriiself to celebrate the nieinory o' bis fa* 
tber with divine honours, and according^lv institutes fcneral 
ffametf and appoints prizes for those who' shoal J cooqoer in 

them. While the ceremonies are performia|f. Judo sendslrtS 
«rsuade the Trojan women to burn th« ships, who, upoa 
instigatioo, set ^ to them : which burned four, and would 

have consumed the rest, had not Juniter, by a miraculuut 
ihower extinguished it. Upon this, Jl^^neas.DV the advica 
cf one of his generals, and a vision of his fatner, builds a 
eitrforthe women, old men, and others, who were either 
unfit for war. or weary of the voyage* and sails for Italy. 
Venus procures of Neptune a safe voyage for him and all hii 
men, excepting only his pilot Palinurus, who was uofertu- 
natcly loti. 

Meantime the Trojan cms the wat'iy wa> 
Fix'd on his voyace throU(,n the curling sea ; 
Then casting back his eyes, with tiire antaise, 
Sees on the Punic shore, tite mounting blakC. 
The cause unknown ; yet his presaging mmd 
The fate of Dido fwm the fire divin'd. 
He knew the slonny souls of woman-kind ; 
Wiiai secret springs thehr eager passions movt^ 
How capable of deatii for injured hwe 
Dire auguries from hence the Trojans draw; 
I'il) neither fires nor shining shores tliey saw-. 

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Now teas and skies their prospect only bouud — 
' A«» empty space aboVe, a Abating field around. 
But soon the heav'ns with shadows were overspreads 
A swelling cloud hung hovering o^er their head: 
Livid ii look'd — the threatning of a storm : 
Then night and horror ocean's ^ce deform. 
The pilot, Palinurus, cried aloud, 
** What gusts of weather from that gath*ring cloud 
My thoughts presage ! Ere yet ^e tempest roars, 
Stand to your teckte, mates, and stretch your oacft^ 
Contract your swelling sails, and luff to wind;" 
Tlie frighted crew pemrm the task assigned. 
Then, to his fearless chief, Not heav'n (said he) 
Tbouigli Jove himself siiould promise Italy, 
Gan stem the tosrent of this raging sea. 
Mark, how the shifting winds firom west aris«. 
And what collected rtight involves the skies ! 
Npr can our shaken vessels live at sea, 
Muoh less against the tempest force their way. 
^Tis Fate divects^ur course : and Fate we must obey. 
Not far from heocef if I ohasrv'd aright, 
The eotfthtng of the stars, and polar lig^ 
Stcilia lies, whose hospitable shcKVs 
In safety we may reach with struggling oars.** 
Ji^neas then replied : ** Too soon Ji find, 
We strive in vain against the seas and wind : 
Now shif^ your sails : what place can please menHiri 
Than what you promise, the Sicilian snore, 
Whose hallowed earth Anchises' bones contain^, 
And where a prince of Trojan lineage reigns.." 
The course resolved, beibre the western wind 
They scud amain, and make the port assign'd. 

Meantime Acesles, from a lofty stand. 
Beheld tlui^t descending on the land ; 
And, not unmindful, of his ancient race, 
Down firom the cliff he ran with eager pace. 
And held the hero in a strict erat>race. 

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Of a rough Lllmui bear the spoils he w«« ; 

And either hand a pointed javelin bore. 

His mother was was a dame of Dardan blood < 

His sire, Crinisus, a i^otiian fiood. 

He welcomes his returning friends ashow 

With plenteous countiy cates, and homely stove. 

Now, when the foUnwiiig morn had ohas'd awaf 
The flyins stars, and light restor'd the day, 
iEneas cuPd the Trojan troops around, 
And thus besp<^e them from the rising giround : 
** Offspring or heav*n, divine Dardanian race ! 
The sun, revolting through th» etherial space. 
The shining circle of the year has fiU'd, 
Since first this isle mv father's aBhes hedd : 
And now the rising tray renews tlie year— 
A day for ever sad, for ever dear. 
This would I celebrate with annual canaes, 
With gifts on altars pii*cli and holyimmies, 
Thou^ banished to Gsetulia's barren sands. 
Caught on the Grecian seas, or hostile lands: 
But since this happy storm, our Hmt.has drir«n 
(Not, as 1 deem umhout the will of heaven) 
Upon these friendly shores, and iowhry fiakis. 
Which hide Anchises«nd his blest femains ; 
Let us with joy perform his honours due. 
And pray for pro^*rous winds, our voyage tateiM nw .. 
Pray, that, in towns and temples of inirooin, 
The name of great Anchises may be known ; 
And yearly games mtoy spread .the god's.nsaowii. 
Our sports, Acestes, of the Trojan race, 
With royal gifts ordain'd, is pteas^H to grace; 
Two steers on every ship the king bestows: 
His gods and ours shall share .your equalvows. 
Besides, if, nine days hence, the rosy mom 
Shall, with unclouded Ught,ihe -skies jftdorn, 
That day whh flolsren sporte 1 nwan 4o.g«ane : 
Light gtulejrs e« Che eeas shall run « wat'ry mee { 

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boine shall in swiltiiess icH the goal cufitend» 
And others try ihe twanging bow to bend: 
1 he struiigf with iron gauntlets aruiM, shall stand 
OpposM in co;nt)nt on the yellow saw!. 
Let all be preseni at the games preparM ; 
And joy Hit viirtois wsiit the just reward. 
But now assis^t the rites, with garlaiids crownM/* 
He said, and hrst his Drows wiih uiyitle bound. 
Then Helymus, by his example led, 
And old Acesies, epch adoniM his head ; 
Thus young Ascanius, with a sprightly grace^ 
His temples tied, and all the Trojan race. 
.'Eneas then advanc'd amidst the train, 
By thousands follow'd through the flow'ry plain. 
To great Anchiscs* tomb ; which when he found. 
He pourM to Bacchus, on the hallowM ground. 
Two bowls of wine, of milk two more. 
And two (from offered bulls) of purple gore. 
With roses then tlie sepulchre he strow'd. 
And thus his fatlier's ghost bespoke aloud: 
*« Hail, O ye holy manes! hail again, 
Paternal ashes, now review'd in vain ! 
The sods permitted not, that you, with me 
Should reach the promisM shores of Italy, 
Or Tyber»s flood, what flood soe'er it be." 
Scaree bad he finished, when,with speckled pride, 
A serpent fiom the tomb begun to glide ; 
His hugy bulk on sev^n high volumes rollM ! 
Blue was hit breadth of back, but streakM witb scaly 

Thus riding on his curls, he seemM to pate 
A roUmg fiie along, and singe the grass. 
More various eoknirt through his body run. 
Than Iris when her bow imbibes the sun. 
Betwixt the rising altars, and around. 
The sacred nionBter shot along the around 4 
Witli harmless play amidst the bowls he passM 
And with his lolling tongue assayM the taste 1^ 

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TI1U8 fed with hoi J foody tb« wondrous guosi 
Within tlie hollow tomb^ retired to rest 
The pious prince, surprised ftt whpt he viewed. 
The funeral honours with more seeal renewed, 
Doubtful if this the placets genius were, 
Or guardian of bis father's sepulchre. 
Five sheep, w^cordtngto the rites, lie slew ; 
As manyiBwine, and steers of >sable hue; 
Now generous wine he from the goblets pour*d. 
And callM his fotbef s gimst, iro\n hell restored. 
The glad attendants in k>ng order come, 
Offniig their gifts to great Ainohises* tomb: 
Some add more oxen ; some divide the spoil , 
Some place the* chai^rs on the grassy, soil : • 
Some blow the fires, and offerM entrails broil. 

Now camftthe -day deiar'd. The «ktes rwere bngni 
With rosy lustre of the- rismg light : 
The bofd'rinli^ people, rous'-d by sounding fame 
Of Trajan feasts, and great Acestes* naine, 
The crowded shore with aeclamation» fill. 
Part to behold, and part to prove their skill. 
And first the gifts in public view they place, 
Gi*den laurel wreaths, and palm-^he viotoi's grace . 
Within the circle, arms and tripods lie. 
Ingots of gold and silver heaped on high^ 
And vests embroidered, of the Tyrian die^ > 
The trumpet?s clangour thm the feast proclaims ; 
And all priipare for their appointed gamea. 
Four galleys first, wliicb equal rowers bear, 
Advancing, ia the watery lists appear. 
The spoedy Dolphin that outstrips the wind, , 
Bnre Mnestheus,author of the Memmian kind 1 
Gyas the vast Chimsera's birik oommaands^ 
Which rising, like a towering thy stands: 
Thi'ee Trriians lug at ev*ry laboring oar ; 
Three banks, in ttivee degceestthe saUors boiai 
Beneath their sturdy urokes lh« billow8:iaw. 

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Sergiestus, t^^jo begim ttw 9e¥^%ui rticttf 
In the great Centaur took th« leading placet 
Cyloanihu»on the sea-green Scylla stood; 
From whom Okient^us dmwBhrs Trajan Mood. 

Far in the sea, against tlte foamin<; «h(n«, 
There stands a rockt the raging billowa roar 
Above his head in storms? but^ when Hisdeaiv 
Uncurl their ridgy t/aeks. and at his fiiot ftppear. 
Jn peace below the gentie waters n»n ; 
The cormorants abmre lie tasking in the sun. 
On this the hero ftx*d an oak in sight. 
The mark to guide t!ie marri^rs arigM. 
To bear with this, the seamen stretdi their oars; 
Then rocmd the rock they steer, and seak the ~ 

The lots decide ihekr place. A bove the lest^* 
Each leader shining in his Tyrian vest; 
The common crew, with wreaths of pofdar 

Their temples crown, and shade thctir sweaty brows ; 
BesmearM with oil, thek naked shoulders *hmm, 
AU take their -seats, and wait the sounding sign? 
They gripe their oars; and ev'ry panting 4)reast 
Is raifli'dt^ turns with hope, t^ turns with feardupiwsU 
The clangor of the trumpet gives the «igni 
At once they start, anvai>cing in a line: 
With shouts thA sailers rend the starry «kies; 
LashM wHfr lheiri>ars,'the f>iiifiky billows rise; 
Sparkles the briny main, ann tbeve]t*d ocean fries. 
Exact in time, with effoat strokes ttiey rew: 
At once the brushing oars and liraten prow 
Dash up the sandy waves, and ope the depths be- 
Not fiery coursers, in a chariot raoe. 
Invade the field with ^alf so-swiftn paees 
Not the fierce drivnt with more finy leods 
The soundtrtg 1b^, and, ens the stroke dei 
Low to the w4ieels Ms plittii body iMnda. 

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fbe partial crowd their hopes ami fears divide. 
And aid, with eager shouts, the fovouf d side. 
Cries, murmurs, clamours, with a mixing sound, 
From woods to woods, from hills to hills, rebound. 

Amidst the loud applauses of the shore, 
Tiyas outstripped the rest, and sprung before: 
Cloanthus, better manned, pursued Inro last ; 
But his o^er-masted galley chedt*d Us haste. 
The Centaur and the Dolphin brush the brine 
With equal oars, advancing in a line : 
And now the mighty Centaur seems to lead, 
And now the speedy Dolphin gets a.head : 
Now board to board the rival vessels row ; 
The billows lave the skies, and ocean groans below. 
They reachM the mark. Proud Gyas and his train 
In triumph rode, the victors of the main : 
But, steering round, he charged his pilot — " Stand 
More close to shore, and skim along the sand.^ 
Let othei-s bear to sea." — MenoJtes heard ; 
But secret shelves too cautiou^y he fear'd, 
And, fearmg, soc^bt the deep : and still aloof b« 

With Ipuder cries the captaki caird again : 
•* Bear to the rocky shore, and shun the main.** 
He spoke, and, speaking, at his stem be saw 
The bold Cloanthus near the shelvings draw. 
Betwixt the mark and him the Scylla stood, 
And in a closer compass ploughM the flood. 
He pass'd the mark ; and, wheeling, got before:— 
Gyas blasphemM the gpds, devoutly swore, 
Cried out,fhT anger, and his hair lie tore. 
Mindless of others* lives, (so high was grown 
His rising rage) and careless of his own. 
The tremblii^^iotard to the deck he drew. 
And hoisted up, and overboard he threw: 
This done, he ^eit'd the helm ; hn fellows cheered \ 
Tum'd short tipon the shelves, and madly steer'd. 

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10 JUfEit 

Hardly his head the plunging pilot reajs, 
C1ogg*d with his clothes, and cumbered with his jeant 
Now dropping wet, he climbs the chft willi pain. 
The crowd, that saw hini fall, and float again, 
Shout from the distant shore ; and loudly laught. 
To see his heaving breast disgorge the briny djaught. 
The following Centaur, and the Dolphin*s crew. 
Their vanished hoiKis of victory renew ; 
W'hjleG3'as lags they kindle in the race. 
To reach the n ark. SergChtus lakes the place ; 
Mnesiheus pursues : and, while aroun.i ihcy wind 
Comes up not half Ills galley's lengih behind ; 
Then on the deck, amidbt hismaies, appeared,. 
And thus their drooping courages he checrM ; 
" M3' friends, and Hector's followers liereiofore. 
Exert your vigour ; lug ihe lab'ring oar ; 
Stretch 10 your strokes, my siill uiiconquer'd crew, 
Whom from the flaming walls of Troy I drew. 
In this our comnion int rest, let me find 
That strength of hand, that courage of tl.e mind, 
As when y9u stemm'd llie strong Alalean flood, 
And o'er the Syrtes' broken billows rowM. 
I seek not now the foremost palm to gain ; 
Though 3'et--but, ah ! that haughty wish is vain! 
Let those enjoy it whom the gods ordain. 
But to be last, the lags of all the race I — 
Redeem yourselves and me from that disgrace." 
Now, one and all, they tug amain ; they row 
At the full stretch, and shake the brazen prow. 
'J'he sea beneath them sinks ; their lab'ring sides 
Are swell'd, and sweat runs guit'ring down in tides 
Chance aids their daring, with unhop'd success:— 
l^ergestus, eager with his beak to press 
Betwixt the rival galley and ihe rock, •> 
Shuts up the unwieldy Centaur in the lock. 
The vessel struck ; and, with the dreadlul shockt 
Her oars she sliiver'd and her head slie broke. 

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iBffBlS. 11 

The tremb>ins row«rs from their banks arise, 

And aiixious lur iheinseh'Ui^ renounce the prize. 

With in>n poles they heave her off the sl)ores» 

And gather from the sea tlieir floating oars. 

The crew of Mnestlieus, with elated minds^ 

Uri^o their success, and call the willing winds* 

Then piy iheir oars, ami cut their liquid way 

In larger compass on Uie roomy sea. 

As when the duve, her rocky hold forsakes, 

Rous'd in a flight, tiersotiiiding wing»she shakes; 

The cavern rings witli clatt'ring ; out she flies, 

And leaves her callow care, and cleaves ihe skies: 

At first she flutters, but at length she springs 

To smoolhei-fliglit, and slraots upon her wings: 

So Mnestheus in the Dolphin cuts the sea ; 

And flymg with a foi-ce, that force assists his way. 

Sergestus jn the Gientaur soon he passM, 

Wedg'd in tlie rocky shoals, and sticking fast 

In vain the victor he with cries implores. 

And practises to row with shatter'd oars. 

Then Mnestheus bears with Gyas, and outflies \ 

The ship, without a pilot, yields the prize. 

Unvanquish'd Scylla now alone remains :— 

Her he pursues; and all his vigour strains. 

Shouts tirom the favVing multitude arise ; 

Applauding Echo to the shouts replies ; 

JShouts, wishes, and applause, run rattling through the 

These clamours with disdain the Sc3'lla heard. 
Much grudged the praise, but more the robbed reward: 
Resolved to hold their own, they mend ttieir pace, 
All obstinate to die, or gain the race. 
RaisM with success, the Dolphin swiftly ran — 
For they can conqiiier-who believe 'tliey can. — 
Both urge their oars ; ^nd Fortune both supplies i 
(And both perhaps had shar'd an equal prize) 
When to the seas Cloanthus holds his hands, 
And succour from the watery powers demands * 

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** Gods of the liquid realms on whioh 1 «ow ! 

l(f giv'n by yoiif the laurel bind my hmw, , 

(Assist to mate mc guilty ofniy vow !) 

A siiow-white by41 shall on your drare be dain ^ 

His offerM encmils cast tmo-the main. 

And ruddy «rine from golden goblets thrown, 

Your grateful §rft, and my return shall own." 

The choir of nyniphs, and Fhorcus fkom baloir, 

With virgin Panopea, heard hie vow; 

And old Fortunus wlfh his breadth of hand, 

PushM on and sped the galley to the land. 

Swift as a shaft, or whiged wind, she flies, 

And, darting to the port, obtains the prize. 

The herald summons all, and then proclaims 
Cloauthus conqueror of fhe naval games. 
The prince with laurel crowns the victor's head ; 
And three fat steers are to his v«s8e) led-*- 
The ships reward — with generous wine beside, * 
And sums of silver, which thecfew divide. 
The leaders are distingtmih^l from <he rest; 
The victor honoiir*d with a nobler vest, 
Where gold and purple strive in equal rows, 
And needlework its happy cost bestows. 
There, Ganymede is wrouglH with living art, 
Chasing through 4da*s groves the tpemhliug hart; 
Breathless he seems, yet eager to pursue : 
When from aloft descei»ds, in open view, 
The bird of Jove, and sousing on his prey. 
With crooked talons bears the boy away. 
In vam, with lifted hands and gazing eyes. 
His guards behohi him soaring thveugh tlie skies, 
And dogs pur.ue his flrght, with imitated cries. . 

Mnestheus the second victor was declar'd ; 
And, summoned there, the second prise he^ar^d-^ 
A coat of mail, which brave Demoleus bore. 
More brave iSneas firom his iheukle#6 torn, 
n smgle combat on the Trofan shore. 

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MnKiik 13 

This was ordain'(l-f(9r Mi ibtdi iBiw to poiwiii 
In war for bis defence, foromanient in pvaMu 
Rich was th^ gift, and gloriow to behold. 
And yet so ponderous witli its plate* of gakl. 
That scarce two serrants eouki theAvei^t i 
Yet loaded th^ Demoleus o^r the plain 
PursuM, and lightly seift*^ the Tvc^aa tmin. 
The third, succeeding to the last reward^ 
Two goodjfy bowls of massr silirer •har'd. 
With figures prominent^ and ritihly wrought^ 
And two brass caldrOn^lrOm Dodona braiigtit> 

Thus all rewarded by the herd*s haiid% 
Their conqirring tempfes bound with purpla t 
And now Sergestus, clearing from the rock. 
Brought bkck bis ga^l^^ Shatter'd with the f ' 
Forlorn she lookM, wifhout an aiding oar* 
And, hooted by the vulgar, made lo shore: 
As when a snake, surprised upon theroad* 
Is crush'd athwart her body 1^ the load 
Of heavy wheels; or with a movtat wound 
Her beWy brui8*d, and troddetr to the g«oinid»« 
In vain, whh 16osen*d eurte, she cnvwls oiotig $ 
Vet, fierce above she brandishes her tongue, 
Glar^ with her eyes, and bHsties with her scales ; 
But, grov*ling in the dust, her parts unsound she trailii 
So slowly to the port the Centaur tends. 
But, what she wants in oars, with sails amendtt 
Yet, for bis galley sav'd, the grateful prince 
Is pleasM th* unhappy chief to recompense t 
PboJoe, the Cretan !/^e, rewaids his care, 
Beauteous hersdf, with lovefy twins as fair. 

From tlience his way the Trajian hero bent 
Into the neighboring plain, Wi4h mountains ptnt^ 
Whose sides were ^ded with surraiuidBig wood 
Full in the midst df this Ailr valtey stood 
A native theatre, wM(*h, nsitfg slow 
By just degrees, d^^erlookM the ground beknr* 

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High on a sylran throne the loader sate : 

A nuiu'rous train attend in solemn state. 

Here those, that in the rapid eourse delight. 

Desire of hooour, and the prise, invite. 

The rival runners without order staiul ; 

I'hc Trojans mix'd wkh the Sicilian band. 

First, Nisus with Euryalus appeal's— • 

Euryalus,a boy of blooming years. 

With sprightly grace and equal beauty crownM — 

Nisus, ibr friendship to the youth, renowned. 

Diores next, of Priam^s royal race. 

Then Salius, join'd with Patron, took their place i 

(But Patron in Arcadia had his birth, 

And Salius, his,froro Arcanian earth) 

Then two Sicilian youths— the names of these 

Swift HelymuB, and lovely Paiiopes, 

(Both jolly huntsmen, both in ibresis bred, 

And owning old Acestes for their head) 

With sev'ral others of ignebler name. 

Whom time has not delivered o*er to lame. 

To these the hero. thus his tlioughts explalaM, 
In words wbidi general approbation gain'd ; 
** One common largess is tbr all desigiiM, 
(The vanquished and the victor shaU be joined : 
Two darts of polishM steel and Gnossian wood 
A silver studded axe, alike bestow'd. 
The foremost three have olive wreaths decreed : 
The first of tli^e obtains a stately steed 
Adom'd with trappings ; and the next in fome. 
The quiver of an Amazonian dame. 
With feathcr'd Thracian arrows well supplied: 
A golden bek shall gird his manly side. 
Which with a sparldlng diamond shall he tied. 
The third this Grecian helmet shall content^* 
Ho said. To their appointed base tliey went : 
With beating hearht th' expected sign receive. 
And, starting all at once,tiie barrier leave. 

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Spread out, as on the winged winds, they flew^ 
And seiz'd the distant ^oal wkh greeciy view. 
Sliot from the crowd, swift Nisus all o^erpass'd^ 
Nor storms, nor thunder, equid half his haste. 
The next, but, though the next, yet far dt8)oi|i?d« 
Came Salius ; and Euryalus behind ; 
Then Helymus, wliora young Diores plied. 
Step after step, and almost side by side, 
His shoulders presshi^; — and, in longer space. 
Had won, or left at least a dubious race. 

Now spent, the goal they almost reach at last* 
When eager Nisus, hapless in his haste. 
Slipped first, and, slipping, fell upon the.plain, 
Soak'd with the blood of oxen newly slam. 
The careless victor had not mark'd his way; 
But, treading where tl>e trecch'rous puddle lay. 
His heels flew up; ami on the grassy floor 
He fell, besTnear*d with filth and holy gore. 
Not mindless then, EuryaJus, of thee, 
Nor of the $acred bonds of amity. 
He strove th* immediate rival's hope to cross, 
And caught the foot of Salius as he rose ; 
So Salius lay extended on the plain : 
Euryalus springs mit, the prize to gain. 
And leaves tho crowd ;— applauding pesds attend 
The victor to the g.*al. who vanquish'd by bis frieiul 
Next Helymus ; and then Diores came« 
By two misforttm^s made the third in famCk 

But Salius enters, and, exclaiming loud 
For justice, deafens and disturbs the crowd ; 
Urges his cause may in the court be heard ; 
And pleads the prize is wrongftiUy conferred. 
But favour for Euryalus appears ; 
His blooming beauty, with his tender years, 
Had brib'd the judges for the promisM prive; 
Besides, Diores fills the court with cries. 
Who vainly reaches at the last reward. 
If the first palm on Salius be conferred. 

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16 JIVftlS. 

Then thu» the prhic* ; *^ Lm w» ditputM ariwt 

Where Fortune pbe'd it, I award the prize. 

But Fortune^s ern>rs give me leave to luend. 

At least,to pity my def^edrvifis friend." 

He said, and, from among ttie spoils, be draws 

(Ponderous with sha^ mmte ami golden p^wf) 

A lion*s hide : tn Saliufl this he gives : 

Nisus with envy sees the gift, and grieves : 

" If such rewards to vanquishM nien are du«, 

(He said) and falling is to rise by you. 

What prize may Nistts from your bounty claiaiy 

Who merited the first rewards and fanoe ? 

In falling, both an equal fortune tried ; 

Would Fortune for my fell so well provide !" 

With this he pointed to his face, and show'd 

His hands and all his habit sinearM witb blood. 

Th* indulgent father of the people smil'd, 

And caused to bQ producM an ample shield, 

Of wondrous art, by Didymaoa wrought, 

Long since, from Neptune^s bars,iu triumph brought 

This giv'n to Nisus, he divides Uie restt 

And equal justice in his gifts expressed, 

The race thus ended, and rewards bestowed. 

Once more the prmoe bespeaks th* attentive crowd 

** If there be here, whose dauntless courage daro 

In gauntlet fight, with limbs and body bare. 

His opposite sustain in open view. 

Stand forth the champion, and the games renew. 

Two prizes I propose, and thus divide — 

A bull with gilded horns, and fillets tied. 

Shall be the portion of the conqu'ring chief: 

A sword ana helm shall cheer the loser's griei** 

Then haughty Dares in the lists appears: 
Stalking he strides, bis head erected bears. 
His nervous arms the weighty gauntlet wield ; 
And loud applauses echo through the field. 
Dares alone m combat u«*d to stand 
The match of mighty Paris, hand to hand 4 

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£1?E|$* 1.7 

The »me, at He«tor*s fuo^rals, undertyok. 

Gigantic Butes, of th' Amycian stock,' 

And, by the stroke of his resistless hand, 

Stretched the vast bulk upon the yellow sand. 

Sucn Dares was ; and such he strode aIon|(, 

And dre^ the wonder of the gazing throng. 

His brawny b^V« and ample breast he shows ; 

His liAed arms around his head he throws. 

And deals, in whistling air, his empty blows. 

His match is sought ; but, through the trembling baod. 

Not one dares answer to the proud demand. '* 

Presuming of his force, with sparkling eyes 

Already he devours the promised prize. 

He claims the bull with awless insolence, 

And, having sp!" ' '■'- ' ^^^. .ts ilie prince: 

"If noneniy ma'i' , , .. >, ji.jirr r->,^,- c-iipose, 

How long shall Dares wait his dastard foes? 

Permit me, chief, permit without delay, 

To lead this uncon tended gift away." 

The crowd assents, and, with redoubled cries, 

For the proud challenger demands the prize. 

Acesies, fir'd with just disdain to see 
The palm usurp'd witiiout a victory, 
ReproachM Entellus tluis, who sate beside. 
And heard, and saw, unmov'd, the Trojan's ( 
♦* Once,'but in vain, a champion of renown, 
So tamely can yon bear the laviah'J crown, 
A prize jfi triumph borne before your sight, 
And shiin for fear the danger of the fight? 
Where is our Eryx now, the boasted name, 
The god who taught your chund^ring arm the gam* ? 
Whene now your bam^d honour ? where the 6poii 
That fiird yourliouse, and fame that fiU*d our islef^ 
Entellus thus: " My soul is still tho same. 
Unmoved witi; feair, atad mov'd with marUol &me, 
But my chiTl blood is curdled in my veins ; 
And scarce the shadow of a man remains. 

vpi. n. % 

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Oh ! could I tuim to that fair prime ag£^ 

That prisne, of which this hoasler is so 

The hrdve, who this decrepit age defies, 

Should feel my force, without ilie promisM prixe." 

He said, and rising at the word, he threw 

Two pono'rous gauntlets down in opBn view — 

(Jauntlets, which Eryx wont in fight to wield. 

And sheath his hancfs with, in the listed field. 

With fea*" and wonder seized, the crowd beholds 

The gloves of death, with sev*n distinguished folcb 

Of tough bull-hides: tlie space within is spread 

With iron, or with loads of heavy lead. 

Dares himself was dau»ied at the siglit. 

Renounced bis challenge, and refus'd to fight 

AstonishM at tlieir weight, the hero stands. 

And pois*d the ponderous engines in bis hands. 

•* What had your wonder (said Eiitellus) been, 

Had you tlie gauntlets of Alcides seen ; 

Or viewM tlie stern debate on this unhappy green f 

These which I bear, your brother Ervx bore, 

Still mark'd with batler'd brains, and mingled gore. 

With these he long sustained the Herculean arm , 

And these I wielded while my blood was warm, 

This lauguishM franie while bettef spirits^ 

Ere age unstrung my nerves, or time o'ersnowV tny 

But, if the challenger these arms refuse, 
And cannot wield their weight, or dai-e not use; 
If great ^neas and Acestes join 
In hi» request, these gauntlets 1 resign : 
Let us with equal arms perform the fight ; 
And let him leave to fear, since I resign my r'lghL^ 
This said, Kr.teilus for the strife prepares ; 
Strpl of hi» qiiilted coat, his body bares ; 
Composed of n^igiuy ^ones, and bravvu he staods, 
A goodly towVing object on the sands. 
Then Just iEneas equal arms supplied, 
WhicU round their shoulders to tlioir wristi ^iiey (ieX 

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Both on the tiptoe staiiii, at full crtent. 

Their anns aloft, their bodies inly oent ; 

Their heads from aiming blmvs they bear afar ; 

With clashiitg gauntlets then provoke the war. 

One on his youth and pliant limbs relies ; 

One on his sinewB and his ^nt size. 

The last is stiff with age, his motion slow : 

He heaves for breath ; he stAggets to and fro ; 

And clouds of issuing smoke his nostrils loudU' blow. 

Yet equal m suci-.esft, tliey ward. tl>ey strike ; v 

Their ways are diffVent, but iheir art alike. 

Befc re, behind, the blows are dealt ; arouna 

Their hollow sides the rattling thumps -resoimd. 

A storm of strokes, well meant, with fury flieS; 

And errs about their temples, ears, and eyes— 

Nor always errs ; (br oft the gauntlet dratvt 

A sweeping stroke along the crackling jaws. 

Heavy with age, Entellus stands his ground. 

But with his wai'ping body wards the wound. 

His hand and watchful eye keep even pace ; 

While Dares traverses^ and shifts his plaoe, 

And, like a captain who beleaguers rouml 

Some strong built castle on a rising ground. 

Views all th* approaclies with observii^ eyeii 

This and that other part in vam ne tries, 

And more on industry than foic e mlies. 

With hands on hieh, Entellus il.reats tlie foe. 

But Dares watch*d the motioH Irom below, 

And slipped aside, an<l shunM the long descending 

Entellus wastes hit forces on the wind, 
And, thus deluded of tiie stroke design'd. 
Headlong and heavy fell : his ample breast, 
And weiglity limbs his ancient mother pressed. 
So falls a hoHow pine, that long had stood 
On Ida^s height, or Eryinanthus' wood. 
Torn from the roots. The difl *ring nations rise ; 
And thouts and iningl«d mumiu* • rend the skies. 

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20 Jem;!*. 

Acestes runs with eager haste, to satse 
The falPn cumpanion of his youthful days. 
Dauntless he rose, and to the fight returned i 
With shame his glowing cheeks, his eyes wUh Iu0 

Disdain and conscious ▼htue fi.i'd his breast 
And with redoubled force his foe he press'd 
He lays on load with either hand, ainain^ 
And i>eadk)9g drives the Trojan o'er the plain ; 
Nor stops, nor stays ; nor rest, nor breath alLowA ; 
But storms cf strokes descend about bis brows, 
A rattling lempest and a hail of blows. 
But now the prince, who saw the wild iiicrea^ 
Of wounds, eonnnands the combatanu to cease, 
And bounds F^ntellus* wrath, and l)ids the peac9^ 
First to the Trojan, spent with toil, he came. 
And sooth'd his sorrow for ilie suflfer'd shame. 
** What fury seia'd my friend ? The gods, (said h*) 
To him propitious, and a\ierse to thee, 
Have giv^n b\t arms supevior force to thine. 
'Tis madness to contend with strength divine." 
The gauntlet-fight thus ended, from the $hore 
His mtthful friends unhappy Dares bore : 
His muufli aiid iiostrib pouvM a purple fiood : 
And pounded leetl) came niching with his hlooi}. 
Faintly he stagger'd through tlie hissing throng, 
And hung h\B head, and traiTd his legs along. 
The sword and casques are carried by his train i 
But with h4« foe the pa3uT aad ox toaiaip. 

The champion, then, l)efore ^ueas came, 
Proud of his prize, but prouder of his fome; . 
** O goddess Iwrn, and yon, Dardanian hob^ 
Mark witii attention, and forgive my bopst: 
Learn what I was, by what remains: and knQW» 
From what impending fate you sav'd my ftje." 
Sternly he spoke, and then confronts the ^iiU; 
And, on his ample forehead aimhig fuUt 
The deadly stroka, descendinig, piesc*d H^ slu^t 

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Down drops the beael, nor needs* second wound, 

But spmwls in pangs of death, and epumt the giounA. 

Then thus: " In Dares* stead 1 offer this* 

Eryx ! accept a nobler sacrifice ; 

Tsike the last gift iny wHher'd anns can yidd: 

The gauntlets 1 fesign^and heie renounce ^ve Add.'** 

This done,iSnea8 orders, for the-closfc, 
The strife of archers, with contending tMVWB. 
The mast, Sergestus' shattered galley boiB, 
With his own hands he raises on thethOM. 
A fluttering dove upon the top they iie> 
The living mark at whidi their arrows Sf, 
The rival archers in a line advance, 
Their turn of shooting to receive front ohanbe. 
A helmet hdds their names : the lots are diati-^ \ 
On the first scroll was read Hippocoon : 
The people shout. Upon the next m^k Ihund 
Young Mnestheus, late with naval hon^Htrs crown*tf 
The third containM Eurytion's no))le name. 
Thy brother, Pandarus, and next in (kme. 
Whom Faltas urged the treaty to coofbund, 
And send among ttie Greeks a featherM w^outaff. 
Acestes, in the bottom, last ren^ainM, 
Whom not his age ftom youfliful sports restraint 
Scx)n all with vigour bend their truety bo«i%; 
And from the quiver each his aritiw chotb. 
Hippocoon's was fifstv wiihforcefbl swtty 
It flew, and, whizzing, cut ifie liquid way. 
FixM in ttie mast the feathev'd weapon -stand* 
- The fearful pigeon fkittcn iw her baintet 
And the tree trembled ; and the «h6lit;ing%r^ 
Of tlie nleas*d people Knd the vaulted «Me^ 
Then Mnestheus to the bt^ his an«»w^Myvb, 
With lifted eyes, and took his (aim above. 
But made aglincing sh#yl,and missed ^^fi* 
Yet missed so oarrow that he cm the«:drd. 
Which faitcnM by the faot, Die ^itthig bM 

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f2 ANdS^ 

The captive thus releas'd, away she flics. 
And b9ax&, with clapping wiiigs the yielding 
His bow already bent, Eurytion stood ; 
And, having first invol^M his brother god, 
His winged shaft with eager haste he sped. 
The fatal message reached her as she fled : 
She leaves her life aloft ; she strikes the groimd 
And renders back the weapon in the wound. 
Acostes, grudging at his lot, remains. 
Without a prifte to gratify his pains. 
Tel shooting upward, sends tiis shaft, to sl40W 
An archer's art, and boast his twanging bow. 
The feathered arrow gave a dire portent : 
And latter augurs judge from this event 
Chaf *d by the speed, it fir*d ; and as it flaw, 
A trail of following flames, ascending, drew . 
Kindling they mount, and mark the shiny way 
Across Uie sky as falling meteors play. 
And vanish into wind, or in a blaze decay. 
The Trojans and Sicilians wildly stare, 
And, trembling, turn their wondisr into pray^i 
The Daidan prince put on a smiling face, 
And strained Acestes with a close embrace ; 
Then honoring him with gifts above the rest. 
Turned the bawl omen, nor his feaan oonfessM. 
** The gods (said he) this miracle have wrought) 
And ordered you the prize without the lot. 
Accept this goblet, rough with figurM gold. 
Which Tbracien Cisseus gave my sire of old : 
This pledge of ancient amity receive. 
Which to my second sire I justly give." 
He said, and with the trumpet's clieerful sound, 
Proclaim^ him victor, and with laurel crowu'd. 
For good £uiytion envied him the prize. 
Though he tiansflx'd the pigeon in the skies. 
Who cut the line, with second gifts was grac'd ; 
The third was bis, whose arrow pierc'd Ine umM 

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«;nei8. S3- 

The chief, before the games were wholly done, 
Caird Peripliaiites, tnior to his son, 
AuiJ whispered thus: *^ With speed Ascanius find ; 
And, if his cliildish troop be ready join'd, 
On horse-back let him grace iiis grandsire*s day» 
And lead his equals arniM in just array.^* 
He said : and, calling out, the cirque lie clears. 
The crowd withdrawn, an open plam appears. 
And now the noble youths, of form divine, 
Advance before their fathers, in a line : 
The riders grace the steeds ; the steeds with glory 

Thus marching on in military pride, 
Shouts^of applause resound from side to side. 
Their casques adorn'd with laurel wreaths they wear« 
Each brandishing aloft a cornel spear. 
Some at their backs fYieir gilded quivers bore , 
Their chains of burnished gold hung down before. 
Three graceful troops they fbrm'd upon the green : 
Three graceful leaders at their head were seen : 
Twelve foUow'd cv*ry chief, and left a space between. 
The first young Priam led— a lovely boy, 
Whose giandsire was the unhappy king of Troy ; 
(His race in after-times was known to (arae, 
New honours adding to the Latian name) 
And well the royal boy his Thracian steed became. 
White were the fetlocks of his feet before ; 
And on his front a snowy star he bore. 
Then beauteous Atys, with lulus bred. 
Of equal age, the second squadron led, 
The last in oider, but the first in place, 
First in the lovely features of his face, 
Rode fair Ascanius on a fiery steed. 
Queen Dido's gift, and of the Tyrian bi-eed. 
Sure coursers for the rest the king ordains, 
With golden bitsadornM, and purple reins. 

The pleasM spectators peals of shouts renew, 
And all the paVentii in ih« children vi«w ; 

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TWIT inakte, their motions, and their ^pi-rghtly grac^ 
And hopes and fears alternate in their face. 

Th* unfledged couimauders, and then: martial train, 
First make the circuit of the sandy plain 
Around their sires, and, at thJB appbmted sigd. 
Drawn up in beauteous order form a hne, 
The second signal sounds : the troop diyid^ 
in three distlnguishM partd, with three disdhgiiiiih^d 

Again they close, and once again disjoin : 
In troop to troop oppos'd, and line lo line. 
They meet ; they wheel ; they throw their darts afitr. 
With harmless rage, and well-dissembled war. 
Then in a round ttie mingled bodies run ; 
Flying they follow, and pursuing shun ; 
Broken, they break; and rallying, they renew 
In other foihis the military shew. 
At last, in order undisceru'd they join, 
And march together in a friendly Ime, 
And as the Cretan labyrinth of old, 
With wand*ring ways, and many a winding fold, 
Involved the weary feet without redress, 
In a Hound error, which denied recess ; 
So foui^ht the Trojan boys in warlike play, 
Tum'd and. ceturnM, and still a difF*rent way. 
Thus dolphins, in the deep, each other chase 
In circles when tiiey swim around the watVy race. 
This game, these carousals, Ascanius taught; 
And building Alba, to the Latins brought; 
ShowM what he learnM : the Latin sires impart 
To their succeeding sons the graceful art: 
From these,imperial Rome received the game, 
Which Troy, the youths the Trojan troop, they name. 

Thus far the sacred sports they celebrate: 
But Fortune soon resumM her ancient hate: 
For, while tliey pay the dead his annual dues, 
Tho^enviud r'tebSatumian Juno views; 

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And tends th« |!Mtde^ of ttn; tartbUs bM^, 

Tu try neW methods of revenge below ; 

Suppnes the winds to wing her aify wajr^ 

Where in the port secure the navy \Ry. 

Swiftly fair Ins down her atth descends, 

And, andlscern^d, her fatal voyage vndn. 

She saw the gathering croM^ ; and gliding thettre, 

The desert shores and fleet wMiout fUBlbnce. 

The Trojan matnms, on the sands ayone. 

With <ighB and tears Anchises* death h«uioain: 

Then, turning to the sea their weeping ^e«. 

Their pity to themselves, renews th^r cries. 

** Alas I" said one, ♦» what oceans yet remain 

For us to sail ! what labours to SiA>taihi !** 

All take the word, and, with a gen'mt groan. 

Implore the godalbr peace and placet of liieit own. 

The goddess, gr^t in ihisehiei; views their pains. 

And in a woman^ ^iorin her heavenly limbs lestiainv. 

In face and shape, old fieroe slie beeatna^ 

Doryclus^ wife, a venetrable dame. 

Once blessM with Viches and a motbei^aame. 

Thus changed, amidst tlilB crying ciOWd she nuh 

llUot'd with the matrons and thme worde began : 

" O wretched we I whom not the Grecian powV, 

Nor flames, destmyM, in Troy^s Unhappy hbur! 

O wretched we! reserved by cruel Fate, 

Beyond the rams of the diirinng state i 

Now sev^n revolving yeatfs me whotty nilti, 

Since this improsp^rous voyagA we begnh ; 

Since toss'd from shotes to tiheres, ftoim hmdsto lantte* 

Inhospitable roeks and barren sanda 

Wand*rii^ in exik through the itoniiy sea^ 

We search in vain ibr flying Italy. 

Now tast by Foitune on th» kindred land. 

What should our rest and irising walls wiAhsianii* 

Or hiader hare to fix our banseb'd band t 

O country kwt, asd <eods redeemed in vain. 

If ftiU in endless exile we remain > 

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Shall wR no roofd the Trojan walls renew. 

Or streams of sou^edisseuiblad Simois view f 

Haste I join vtlh me 1 tli* unhappy fleet consume I 

Cassandra bids ■, and I declare iter dooin. 

In sleep 1 saw, her ; she supplied my hands 

(Fur this 1 more llMin d'^eamt) with flamuig braod^t 

" With tlwse (said she) tliese wand'ring ships desuoy 

These are your foted seats, aiKl this your Troy. 

T'me calls you now, the precious hour employ : 

Slacl( not the good presage, while heaven inspires 

Our minds to dare, and gives the ready fii-es. 

See ! Neptune's alMirs miruster tlieir brands: 

The god is pleas'd ; the god supplies our hands ** 

Then from the pile, a flaming nr she drew, 

And tosisM in air, amidst the galleys threw. 

Rapt in amaze, tlie matrons wildly stare : 

Then Pyrgo, reverenced for lier hoary haic, 

Pyrgo, the nurse of Priam's numerous race, 

** No Beroe this, though she belies her face! 

What terrors from her flrowning front arise ! 

Behold a goddess m hetr ardent eyes ! 

What rays around her heavenly face an seen ! 

Mark her majestic voice, and more than mortal mien * 

Heroe but now I left, whom, pinM with paiu, 

Her age and anguish from these rites detain." 

She said. The matrons, seix'd wtib new amaze, 

Roll their malignant eyes, and cm the navy gaze. 

They fear, and hope, and neither part obey : 

They hope the fated land, but fear the fatal way. 

The goddess, having done her task below, 

Mounts up on equal wings, and bends her painted bow. 

Struck with tbe sight, and seized whh rage divine. 

The matrons prosecute their mad ilesign : 

They shriek aloud ; they snatch, with impious hands^ 

The food of attars, firs and flaming brands. 

Green boughs and saplings* minpled in their ha«te, 

And smoking torches, on the ships they cast 

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The £ame, itnstopp'd at first, more fiirj gains | 
Aivd Vulcan rides at lai^e wiib loosen'd reius: 
Triumphant lo the pahHed stern he soars, 
And seizes in liis way, the banks, and crackling 
Eumelus was the first, the nmvs to bear, 
While yet they erowd the rural theati«. 
Then, what they hear, is wltaessM by tlieireyatft 
A storm of sparkles, and of flames, artsa. 
Ascanius took th' alarm, while yet he ted. 
His early warriors on his praneiug steed. 
And, spurring on, his equak soon o'erpass^d ; 
Nor couki his frighted friends reclaim his hasta 
Soon as the royal youth aupearM in view, 
He sent his voice before mm as l)»flew t 
** What madness moves you, matvons ! to dettrof 
The last remainders of uniiappy Troy ? 
Not hostile fleets, but your own hopes you burn. 
And on your friends your fatal fuiy Utm. 
Behold your own Ascanius J**— While he said, 
He drew his glitVring helmet from his head. 
In which the youths to sportful arms be led. 
By this, Jlneas and his train appear; 
And now the women, seized wish shame and fear, 
DispersM, to woods and caverns take their flii^ht, 
Abhor their actions, smd avoid the light ; 
Their friends ackiH>wloc%e, and their error find. 
And shake the goddess fR)m their alter'd mind. 

Not so the raging fires their iury cease, 
But, lurking in the seams, with seeming peace, 
Work on their way amid 4he smouldering tow, 
Sure in destruction, but in moiioit slow. 
The silent plague through the green timber eats, 
And vomits out a tardy flame by fits, 
Down to the keels, and upward to the sails, 
The fire descends, or mounts, but still prevails ; 
Nor buckets potu*d, nor streu^ of human band, 
C'%n the victorious element withstands 

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tB JUHBie. 

The pious liero hmds tin rdlM^ ieiIhI throws 
To heav'n his hands, and wKh his hands, his vows. . 
" O Jove ! (he cried) if prayers can yet have place ; 900 
It' thou abhor*st not aU the Dardau race ; 
If any spark of pity still remain ; 
If gods are ^ods, and not invok'd in vain ; 
Yet spare the relics of the Trojan train I 
Yet from the flaaiPsour burning vessels freel 
Or let thy fury lall alone on me ; 
At this devoted head thy thunder throw, 
And send the witting sacrifice below.** 

Scarce had he said, when southern storms arise j 
From pole to pole, the forky lightning flies : 
Loud rattling shaktothe mountains and the plain: 
Heav*n bdlies downward » and descends in rain. 
Whole sheets of water ircmi th6 clouds are sent^ 
Which hissing through the planks tlie flames prevent. 
And stop tlie fiery pest. Four ships alone 
Burn to the waist, and fotvtth^ fleet atone. 

But doubtful thoughts the hero's heart divide, 
If he should still in Sicily reside, 
Forgetful of the iates,— or tempt the main. 
In hope the promisM ttaly to gain. 
When Nautes old and wise— to whom alon 
The will of heaven by Pallas was foreshown- 
Vers*d in portents, experienc*d and inspired 
To tell evems, and what the Fates rer^ir'd, 
Thus while he stood, to neither part incliiiM, 
With cheerful worda, retiev'd his labVing mind: 
** O goddess>bom ! 'resign*d in ^v*ry state. 
With patience bear, with prudence push your fiite 
By suff 'ring well, t>ur fortune we sui>due ; 
Fly When she frowns ; and, when she calls pursue. 
Your friend Acestes is of Troiali kind ; 
To him disclose the secrete of your mind : 
I'rust in his inrnds Tour okl «nd usoleas train, 
Too nuiD*nHis fi»r Um ships which yet 

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The feeble, old, inaulgent Qf their ^^se. 
The dames wlio dread the dangers of the seaot 
With all the dastard crew who dare not stand 
The shook of hattle with your foes by lajnd. 
Here you may biuld c'l common town for all, 
And, from Acestes* name, Acesta call." 
The reason, with his friind's experience join'd, 
Encouiag'd much, hut more disturb'd, his mipd. 
'Twas dead of night ; when, to his slumb'ring ey^h 
His father's shade descended from the skies; 
And thusi be spoke ; *' O, more liian vital breath, 
Lov'd while I Ijv'd, and dear ev'n alter death 1 
O son, in various toils and troubles toss'd ! 
The king of heav^i employs my careful ghost 
On his commands— the god who sav*d from fia* 
Your flainiug fleet, and heard your just desire, 
The wholesome counsel of your friend receive, 
And here tlie coward train and women leave : 
The chosen youtli, and those who nobly dare. 
Transport, to tempt the dangers of the war. 
The stern Italians will their coui-age try: 
Rough are their manners, and tneir minds are hi^h, 
But first to Pluto's pfilace you shall go. 
And seek my shade airong the bles-i below : 
For not with impious ghosts my soul remams. 
Nor suffers, with the datiin'd, perpetual pains, 
But breathes the living air oi soft Eiysiau plains. 
The chaste Sibylla shall your steps convey, 
And blood of olfer'd victims free the way. 
Th^re shall you know what realms t^ie gods assign, 
Ann learn the fates and fortunes of your line. 
But now faiHJwell ! I vani.^h with t!ie night, 
Ann feel the blast oif heaven's approaching light." 
He said, and mix^d with shades, ^ad took hi$ airy 

** Whither so fast.?'^lhe filial duly <;ried; 
**Ah why, ah I why the wWd embcar.9 denied?** 

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He said, and rose: as holy zeal inspires, 
H« rakes hot embers, and renews the fii-es ; 
His country trods and Vesta then adores 
With cakes di,d incense, and their aid implores. 
Next, for his friends and royal host he sent, 
RevealM his vision, and the god's intent. 
With his own purpose. — All, without delay, 
The will of Jove, and his desiies, obey. 
They list with wonjen each degenVate name, 
Who not hazard Hfe for future fame. 
These they cashier. Tlie brave remaining few. 
Oars, banks, and cables, half consumM, renew. 
Tlie prince designs a city with the plough: 
Tiie lots then sev'ral tenements allow. 
This part is nain'd from Ilium, that from Troy; 
And the new king ascends the throne with joy : 
A chosen senate from the people draws ; 
Appoints the judges, and ordains the laws. 
Then, on the top of Eryx, they begin 
A ri»mg teniple to the Paphian queen. 
Anchises, last, is honourM as a god : 
A priest is added, annual gifts bestow'd; 
And groves are planted round his blest abode. 
Nine days they pass in feasts, their temples crowVd 
And fumes of incense in tlie fanes abound. 
Then from the south arose a gentle breeze. 
That curlVl the smooiimess of the glassy seas: 
The rising winds a ruffling gale afford, 
And call the merry mariners aboard. 

Now loud laments along the shores resound. 
Of parting friends in close embraces bound. 
The trembling women, the degen'rate train 
Who shunn'd the frightful dangers of the main, 
E*en those desire to sail, and take their share 
Of the rough passage, and the promised war; 
Whom gond Jineas cheers; and retebnimends 
To thciir new master's care his (earful friends: 

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JCRKA. )t 

On Erjrx* altars three fat calves he lays ; 
A lainb new-fellen to the stormy seas ; 
Then slips bis halsers, and tiis anchors weigf ^ 
High on the deck the gn<Hike hero i>tauds, 
With olive crown*d, a charger in his hands, 
Then cast the reeking entrails ni the brine, 
And pourM llie sacrifice of purple wine. 
Fresh fftim arise : with equal strokes they vie, 
And bruilithe buxom seas, and o'er the billows (Iv. 

Meantime the mother-goddess, full of fears, 
To Neptune thus addressed, with tender tears- 
«* The pride of Jove's iniperious queen, the rage, 
Tlie malice, which no suflrrings can assuage. 
Compel me to these prayers; since neither fate, 
Nor time, nor pHy, can remove her hate. 
E'en Jove is thwarted by his haughty wife ; 
Still vanquished, yet she still renews the strife. 
As if 'twere liule to consume the town 
Which aw'd the world, and wore th' intperial crown. 
She prosecutes the ghost of Troy with pains. 
And gnaws, e'en to the Ixmes, the last remains. 
Let her the causes of her hatred tell ; 
But yog can witness its effects too well. 
You saw the stonn she raisVl on Libyan floods, 
That mix'd the mountain billows with the clouds \ 
When, bribing i£olus, she took the maiii, 
And mov'd r^Uion in your wai'ry reign. 
With fury she oossess'd the Dardan dames, 
To burn their fleet with execrable flames, 
And forc'd .Eneas, when his ships were lost. 
To leave his followers on a foreign coast. 
For what i-^mains, jwur godhead 1 in)pIore, 
And trust my sou to yonr protecting pow^r. 
If neither Jove's nor Fate's decree withstand, - 
Secure his passage to the Latian land." 
I'hen thus the mighty ruler of the mam : 

• What may not Venus hope from Neptune's reign t 

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34 is«ipi«. 

My kingdom claim? ypujr birtii : my l«H« «kftnsf 
Of your endangerM fleet ipay claim your coofideoM. 
Nor less by land than sea my deeds deelaie, 
How much your lov*d JSneas is my care. 
Tltee Xanthus I and thee, Siiuoi's ! 1 atiestrr 
Your Trojan troqps when proud Achiltes press'd. 
And drove before him lieadlong pn the plain. 
And dashM against the walls the trembUng traki* 
When floods were fill'd with bodies of tlie sJaki; 
When crimson Xs^nthus, doubtful of his way, 
Stood up on ridges to behold the^ea ; 
(New heaps come tumbling in, and cbokM his way) 
When your JEneas fought, but fought with odds 
Of force unequal, and pnequal gods ; 
I spread a cloud before ihe victor^s sight, ■ ■ 
Sustained the vanquish'4, and secured, bis flight— 
E'en then «ecur'd him, when I sought wkh joy 
The vow'd destruction of ungrateful Troy. 
My will's the same : fair goddess ! iiear no more, 
Your fleet shall safely gain the Latian shore: 
Their lives are giv'n : one destined head atone 
Shall perish, and for multitudes atone.'* 

Thus having arm'^ with- hopes her anxious mind. 
His finny team Satunran Neptune joined, 
Then adds the foamy-bridle to their jaws, 
And to the loosefiM reiiLs permits the laws. 
High on the waves his a^iire car he guides: 
Its axles thunder ; and the sea subsides; 
And the smooth ocean rolls her silent tides. 
The tempests ily before their father's face ; 
Trains of inferior gods his triumph grace ; 
And moiister wliales before their master play, 
And choirs of Tritons ci-owd tlie wat'ry way. 
The marshall'd powVs in equal troops divide 
To right arid left : the gods liis better side 
Inclose ; and, p» th» v^rse, the Nymphs aod 
N^eidf ride. 

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JuNfilt. 33 

Now sinilti^ hnpe,Kritfa tweet rioiiiii&iide. 
Within the 4iero^« miad his joys renewM. 
He calls to rarae the. masts, tiae fheets displagr : 
The cheerful eretr with diligenne obey 4 
lliey soud b«lbre the wiod, and tail ta open «ea. 
A head of ali,the master pilot steers. 
And, as he leads, the ftiUowing navy vmn. 
Thesiee^t of Night had traveUM half the sky ; 
The drow^ rowers oa their benches lie ; 
When the soft god of sleep,. with easy flight. 
Descends, and dran^behind a trail of light. 
Thou, Paiinurus,art his destined psey ; 
To thee alone he takes his fatal way. 
Dire dreame to thee, and icon sleep, be bears 4 
And, lighting on thy prow, the form 'Of Phordas weaii 
Then tlHM tlie tmitor god began his tale : 
** The wimis, my £rie»d, inspire a pleasing gale ; 
The ships, without thy care, securely sail. 
Now steal an hour of sweet repcfte ; and I 
Will take the rudder, and thy room supply." 
To whom the yawning pilot , half asleep : 
** Me dost thou bid to trust the treacherous deep, 
The harlot-smiles of her dissembling face, 
And to her ftuth commit the Trojan race f 
Shall I believe the Syren South again, 
And, oft betny'd, not know the monster mam f'' 
He said his fastened hands the rudder keep; 
And fix*d on heav*n, bis eyes repel invading sleep. 
The god was wroth, and at his temples threw 
A branch in Letlw dippM, and drunk witli Stygian dew 
The pilot, vanquished by the powV divine. 
Soon clos'd his swimming eyes, and lay supine. 
Scarce were bis limbs extended at their length. 
The god, insulting with superior strength. 
Fell heavy on him, plung'd nim in the sea. 
And, with the stern, the rudder tore away. 
Headlong he fell, and struggling in the main. 
Cried out for helpinj; bunds, but cried jn vain. 

vrti,. It. J 

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The victor demon mounts obscuied in air ; 

Wlule ihe ship sails wiihout the pilut*s care. 

On Neptune's the floating fleet relies: 

But what the man forsook, the god supplies ; 

And uVr the dang'mus deep, secure the navy flies. 

Glides hy the Syren's cliflfs, a sheify coatit. 

Long infamous for ships and sailors lo^t. 

And while with hones. Th' impetuous ocean whOt 

And rocks rel>ellow from the sounding si;or«»s. 

The watchful hero felt the knocks ; and found 

I'he tossing resi«l sa:rd on shoaly ground. 

Sure of his pilot^s loss, he takes himself 

The helm, and steei-s aloof, and shuns the ebe\f. 

Inly he grievVi, and, groaning from the breast, 

DeplorVi his death ; aiui thus his pain express^ : 

'* For faith reposM on seas, and on the flatt'ru^ sky, 

Thy naked oorse is dooniM on shores 'jukiiown to lie *' 

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iE N £ I S. 



The flibyl foretrlU ^.iifatthe adventuret ne should m^etwitb 
in IIhIV. She attends him lo hell ; deirribins; to him the va. 
rioiis tc«tiet of thht plai'e, and fondt.ctingf him to hi* fnther 
Anchis***, wheimtnictji him in tbo«e tublimemystefieatof Itic 
soul of the worM, anJ tb« transmigrftliua f aiid* show* him 
that g:lorioii« race of heroes, which was to d^sceod freat hin 
and bis pustenty. 

He said, and wept ; then spread his sails baftira 
The winds, and reached at length the Cuman shore i 
Their anchors dropped, Ids crew the vestrpls moor. 
They turn their heads to sea, their stems lo land, 
And greet with greedy joy, th* Italian strand. 
Sof lie strike from clashing flints their fiery »eed ; 
Some gatlier sticks, the kindled flames to feed, 
Or t«arch for hollow trees, and fell the woods, 
Or trace through valleys the di^cover'd flood. 
Thus while their several charges they fulfil, 
The pious prhice ascends the sacred hHl 
U here Fhccbus is ador'ti : and seeks the ^lade, . 
Whicn hides from sight his venerable maid. 
Deep in a cave the Sihyl makes abode ; 
Thence full of fate returns, and of the god. 
Through Tnvia^s grave they walk, and now bebt>kl« 
And ^nter now, the temple roof M with gold. 

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S6 JtlfBM. 

When D^alut, to fly the Cretan shoro, 
His heavy liiiibs, on jointed pinions bore, 
(The first who sail'd h) d r^ *tif »ung by Fame 
To iheCuniiean coat^t, at length he came, 
And here alghtin;;, buih lliU COfMy frduie. 
Inscribed to 1 hcelius, here he hung on hiuh 
The steerage of his wings, tliai cut the &ky. 
Then oVr the lolly ^»e, nis art e'»»l»og8'd 
AndrogeoiJ* death, and (oft Vine's co his ghost) 
^ev'n youths from Atheii«, yearlvseni, to nieel 
Tlie fate ap|)otnted by revengeful ('rPt*j. 
And n«xt to the^c the <ireaditd uin was j)lar/d, 
u whid) the det^tin'd na'ues by lots wejre ca»l: 
Tl»e inoumftil p»renl« Ma^d arotuKi in tea#s; • 
And rising Crete against xheW shore a|)f»ftars. 
There too. ni living fcolpinre. mrght be yeen 
The mad affection of the ( retan queen : 
Then how she cheats her bellowing lover's eye ; 
The rushing leap, the doohtM piugeuy — 
The lower part a beast, a man above— 
The inoiMHiient of their poUuied love. 
Nor f»r fratn tnenoe he grav*d the wond'mutnMae, 
A thousand doors, a thoi««aA«i wiiiding ways i 
Here dw<*lU the iKeiister kid /rout htnnan view. 
Not to l>e found tHit bf iJie fiiiiliAil clue ; 
Till the kiiKi artii<« movVl with pious ^ief, 
Lent to the loviiig Htaid«h(b»la$t relief, 
And all those erriag paths de^crih'd so weH, 
I'hat Theseiv conqtMNr'fi,.and the fMmster felL 
Here hapless Inarus liad found his pait. 
Had not the father'^ grief restraint his art. 
He twice tssaf M tu oast his son m gohi ; 
Twice from hn hands he droppM the fonvMng mould. 

All this with woud^ring eyes af^>eas view'd 
Kacli varying object his delight renew%i« 
Eager to read the rest — Achates came, 
And by his tide tlie mad divinii)|s dame, 
*^'be priestess of the god, DcVphohe her natMi, 

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** Tim*- soffnstnm,** she *«id, ♦• to fiwwl yow fy»» 

With empty pteasures : haste the sacrifice. 

Sev'n bidkicks, yt uuyok'tUtor t^hcebtMclmctse^ 

Ami lor Diai«j«v*ii uiwjjoued ewea." 

Thi&«ai<ir the s^ervants ufj^ tbe sacred rites^ 

While to the teiitple bb* Ihe pruice invites. 

A spacious cavet, withlti it» farmoet part. 

Was hew'd and (aaliioiir'd tiyt ialnNrious vt^ 

Tlirough tlie bili's hollow skiea: belbve the ptafi«» 

A hundi-ed doQcs^ « huadfed entries grace: 

As many vo^s issue, auvd tlie fround 

Of SihyKs words as inaoy times rebound. 

Now to the* mouth they come. Aloud she crws« 

'* This is the tiine! inquire your destmies! 

He comes ! behold the god I" Thus while she said, 

(And shivering at the sacred entry staid) 

Her colour changed ; her face was not the same ; 

And hollow groans iirom her deep spiiit cane. 

Her hair stood up ; convulsive rage possessed 

Her trembling limbs* and beav'd her laboring breast. 

Greater tlian human kind she seemed txx look*, 

And, With an accent more thaa mortal, spoke. 

Her staring eyes, with sparkling iiiry /(^ 

When all the god cajne rushjng oij her souL 

Swiftly she turuM, and, foaming as she spoke, 

** Why this de*ay ?" she cried — *» the pow'rs invoke. . ,• 

Thy prayers alone can open this al)ode ; 

Else vain are my demands, and dumb the gpd.**^ 

She said no more The tremhlin>^ Trojans hear, 

OVrspread with a damp sweat, and holy fear. 

The prince himself, with awful dread possessM^ 

His vows to great Apollo thus addressed ; 

** Indulgent god ! propitious powV to Troy^ 

Swift to relieve, unwilling to destroy ! 

Directed by whose hand, the Dardan dart, 

Pierc*d the proud Grecian'^s only mortal part I 

Thus far, by Fate's decrees, and thy commands, 

Through ambient seas, and through devouring sands. 

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Oiirc«HM crew has sought th' AusonUn gtnundx 
And now, at length, tli« flymg; coa^t m found, 
n hus liar the taie of Troy, irotn place to place* 
V\ ith tury hab pursuM her wand' ring race. 
Here cease, ye {H>w'r8, ami let your vengeance end 
Tn»y is no nioro, and can no niore nffend. 
And thou, O sacred maid, in&ptrM to see 
The event ol ihnigs in dark hiturity ; ine what heav*n has promised' to my fate. 
To conquer and command ilie Latian state; 
To fix'my wand*ring gods, and find a place 
For the long e.trles of the Trojan race. 
Then slmll my grateful hands a teiKpte rear 
To the twni gods, with vows and solemn pray^; 
And annual rites, and festivals, and games, 
Shall \ye performM to their auspicious names. 
Nor slHih thou want thy honours in my land* 
For there thy faithful orncles shall stand, 
Preserved in shrines and ev^rj' sacred lay, 
Which hy thy mouth, Apollo shall convey- 
All sliall be treasnrM by a chosen train 
Of holy priests, atid ever shall remain 
But oh ! commit not thy prophetic mind 
To fin ting leaves, the sport of ev*ry wind, 
Lest they dis^perbe in air our empty fate 
Write not, but what the pow'rs ordain, relate.** 

Struggling in vain, impatient of her load, 
And laboring underneath, the nond'rous god, 
The more she strove to shake him from her breast. 
With It ore and far superior ff)rce he press*d , 
Coinn.ands his entrance, and without ctmtrol, 
Usurps her organs, and inspires her soul. 
Now. with a Inrous, the hundred doon 
Ope of themselves: a rushing whirlwind roars 
W ithin the cave, and Sibyl's vc'u:e restores: 
** EscapM the dangers of the wat'ry reigu. 
Yet more and jrreatcr ills by land remain. 

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£Zf£IS. 39 

The coast, m lojjj d^sir'd, (nor doulrt ih* event) 

Thy troops shall reach, but, having reached, re^ieuU 

Wars, horriii wars, I view — a teld of bi')od| 

And Tyber roUiiig wiih a purple Hood. 

Siinois nor Xauthus shall be wniiiiiig there: 

A new Achilles shall in arms aj)pear. 

And he too, g^oddess-burn. Fterce Junu*8 hate,' 

Added to hostile ibrce, vhall urge thy fate. 

To what $tr^i^e nation shalt not tiiou report, 

Driv'n to sohcit^id at every court ! 

The cause the ^ame which Ilium once oppressed— 

A foreign mistress, and a foreign guest, 

But thou, secure of soul, unbent with woes. 

The more thy fortune frowns, the more oppose. 

The dawnings of thy salety siiall be shown, 

Froin-^wlMUM:© thou least shall hope— a Grecian town." 

Thus, from the dark recess, the Sibyl spoke ; 
And the resisting air the thunder broke ; 
The cave rebelluw'd, and the temple slu)ok. 
Th* ainlMguous god, who rulM lier laboring breast, 
In these mysterious words his mind express'd. 
Some truths reveaPd, in terms iiivolvVI tiie rest* 
At length her fury fttU: her foaming ceas'd. 
And, ebbing in her soul, the god decreased. 
Then thus ihe chief: ^^ No tenor to my view 
No frightful face of danger can be new. 
Inur'd to suffer, and lesulvM to dare. 
The Fates, without n«y |»ovv'r, shall be without my care 
This let me crave— since near your grove tbe road 
To hell lies open, and the dark alKxJe, 
Which Acheron surrounds, ti^ innavigable flood««*> 
Conduct me through ibe regions void of light. 
And lead me loiigmg to my father's sight. 
Fur him, a thous.ind dangers i have sought. 
And, rushing wliere tlMJ tinckest Grecians (ought, 
Safe on my back the sacred burden brought. 
He, for my sake, the raging ocean tried, 
And wrath of heav*n, (my still auspicious guide) 
And oore, beyond the su-eugth decrepit age euppliid 

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40 JKNBiS. 

Oil, since he breathed his last, in dead of ni^M» 
His rev'rend image stood Hefore my sighl ; 
EnjoinM to seek, below, his holy shade- 
Conducted there by your unerrine aid. 
But you, if pious minds by pTay*r8 are won. 
Oblige the father, and protect the son. 
Yours is the pow^r; nor Proserpine in vain 
Has made you priestess of her nightly reigp. 
If Orpheus, arm'd with bis enchanting lyie^ 
The ruthless liing with pity coukl inspire 
And from the shades beW redeem his wifii. 
If Pollux, offering hts alternate life, 
Could (ree his brother, and can daily go 
By turns aloft, by turns descend below ;— 
Why name 1 Theseus, or his greater friend, 
Who trod the downward patk^ and upward c ouM 

Not less than theirs, firoRt Jove my lineage came; 
My mother greater, my descent the same'* 
So pray'd the Trajan prince, and, while he piay*d,. 
His hand upon the holy altar laid. 
Then thus replied the prophetess divine: 
'' O goddess-bom, of greet Anchises' line! 
The gates of heU are open nighi and day ; 
Smooth the descent, and easy is the way: 
But, to return, and view the cheerAil skif 
In this the task and mighty labour lie& 
To few great Jupiter hnpaits this grace. 
And those of ibmiag worth, and heav'nly i 
Betwixt those regions and. our upper light, 
Deep forests and impenetrable nicht 
Possess the ttiiddle space: th' inArnal bounds 
Cocytus, w^ith hh sable waves, surrounds. 
But, if so dire a k>ve your sot/l invades, 
As twice below to view the trembling shadea: 
If you so hard a toil wiU undertake. 
As twice to pase th' innavignble lake ; 

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JUfSIS% il 

Receive my cotmseL I n th« fi«i9lib^rts||r gri>ve 

There stands a ^ree: the queen of Stygian ^ve 

Claims it her own: thick woods aiKl gTooir^y ni^^ht 

Conceal the happy plant front human bigiiL 

One bough it-hear*; but (wood^ious to baliold) 

The ductile rind and leaves of radiamgold: 

This from the vulgar branches must be toro» 

And to fair Proeerpiae the present borne. 

Ere leave be giv*n, to tempt, the nether skies. 

The first t^s rent, a second will arise; 

And iho same metal the same loom supplies. 

Look rotmd the wood with lilted e];es, lo lee 

The lurkhig gold «ipon the fatal tree : 

Then rend it off^ as holy rites command; 

The willmg metal will obey thy hand, 

Followi!!^ withMease* if, &voured by thy fate, 

Thou art foredoomM to view the Stygian state » 

if not, ti4 lebouv«&n the tree constrain ; 

And strength of stubborn afms» and sMel, are vaiik 

Besides, you know net^ while you hem attend, 

Th' unworthy feie of your tmbappy friend: 

Breathless he Hes ; and Ins unbuned ghost, . • 

Deprived of fuir'ral riles, poUutes your host 

Pay first his pious duest and, for the dead. 

Two sable sheep around his hearse be led } 

Then, living turfs upon his body lay : 

This done, securely take the deslin'd way, 

To find the regions destitute of day.** 

She said, and held her peace. — JIneas went 

Sad from the cave, and full of discontent. 

Unknowing who the sacred Sil^l nieant; 

Achates, the companion of his breast. 

Goes grieving by his side, with e^al cares oppressed. 

Walking, they talk'd, arid fruitlessly divin*d, 

What friend the priestess by those words design-'d. 

But soon they found an obieet te deplore: 

Misenus lay extended on the ah -" 

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49 i^NKlS. 

Son of the god of wiiiri»— wme go reno^^'n'd, 

Tlie warrMr truin|iet in ihe field to botniH, 

With breathhtg hiahS, to kindle fierce alarms, 

Anri I'oiu-e ui tiaietlteir lute hi hoiipurabie aiin«> 

he terv'd givai HtfCluv, and t\ an »n»r near. 

Not null Ills truiu|nit oniy» but hih bpear. 

Ltit, by I eli(ieti\.nit when Hector Icllt 

He cho^e i^neas, and be diose as well. 

Swolii Willi applauise, and ainiiiif; biiU at inore^ 

He now provoktig the seagods Inini the hi\oi«>. 

With envy« IMon l>eara the martial HOund, 

And the bold chainptoiv for biscUalleti{$^, drown'd ; 

I'nen ca^t bis mangled carcass on tlie strand.— 

Tiie gazmg crow.i around Uie tmdy stand. 

All weep ; Out most /£neas mounts bis latCf 

And hastens to perform the fuiriai staieu 

Im aliar-wree, a stately pile they reir; 

Tlie basis bniad below^ and top adiranc'd iii air. 

An Ancient wood, fit for the work designed, 

(The sbady covert of the savage kind) 

The Trojans fmmd:-ihe«ounding axe is plied : 

Firs, pines,. and pitch*trees, and the towering pride 

Of foi-est ashes, feel the tatal stroke ; 

And ()iercing wec^s cleave the stubborn oak. 

Huge truiiksof traes, feUM from the steepy cruwo 

Of ihe bare monntftins, roll with ruin down. 

ArmM like the rebt the IVojan prince appears. 

And by his pious labour, urges theirs. 

Thus while he wrought, revolving hi his mind 

The ways to compass what his wisb designed, 

He cast his eyes upon the gloomy grove. 

And then with vows implor'il the i^ueon of love: 

»*0 nifty thy powV, propitious stdl to me, 

Conduct my steps to find tlie fatal tree. 

In tliis deen forest, since the SihyPs breath 

Foretold, alas ! too trtie, Misenus' death." 

Scarce had he said, when, full liefore his sight. 

Two doves descending from the.rairy flight, 

Secure upon the grassy pJniit alight. 

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rie knew his mother*s birds, and thus hi; prq^M: 

" Be you iny guides with ycur auspicout. mm 

And >ad inv foot^teps till ttie hrancli l)e lowrTd, 

VVhote glinting tljadow gilds ti.e sacred gfound. 

And tliou, great parent ! with cfere, 

In this distiess. be present to my nray'r." 

Thus liaving said, he sloppVI, with u atcHftil sight 

Cbserving biill the n otions of their fligt»t, 

W hat course they took, what happy signs they shew. 

Tiiey fed, and fluttering by degiecs, withdrew 

St. 11 farther from tl e place, hut st.Il in'view : 

Hopping and flying thus they led him on 

To ilie slow lake u hot^e balefid stendh to shuti, 

'J hey wingM tlieir fl ght aloft, then stooping low, 

I eich'd on the double tree, that bears the golden liougl 

Through the green leaves the gl tt'r .ng sl.adows jglow 

As, on the sacred oak, the wintry inisletoe, 

V\ here the pioisd mother views her precious hrood, 

And happier branches which she never sow'd. 

Such was the gLtt*ruig; such the rudy rind. 

And (lancing leaN'es, that waiiton'd in the wind. 

He seiz'd the shining bough with griping hold, 

And rent away, with ease, the lingering gold, 

Then to the i^ib} I's palace bore the prize. 

Meantime the Trojan troops, with weeping eyes, 

To dead Misenus pay his ol)sequ!es. 

First, from the ground, a lofty pile they rear, 

Of pitch-trees, oaks and pines, and onctuonsfir; 

The fabric's front, with cypress twigs they strew, 

And stick (he sides with boughs of balelul yew. 

The topmost part his glitt'ring anns adoni ; 

W arm waters, then, in brazen caldrons borne, 

Are pcMir'd to wash his body, joint by joint; 

And fragrant oils the stiffened limbs anoint. 

With groans and cries, Misenus they deplore: 

Then on a bet, with purple cover'd o*er, 

The breathless body, thus bewail'd, they lay, 

And fire the pile, their faces turned away: 

/Such rev*rent rites their fathers U6*d to pay**! 

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Pure oil and incensa on the five they throw. 
And fat of victims which his friends bestow. 
These gifts the greedy flames to dust devour; 
Then on the hviiigtoals, red wine they pour; 
And, last, the relics by themseives dis)X)se, 
Wliich in a brazen urn llic pr.e^ts inclOi>e. 
Old Cocynaeus coinpass'd thrice the crew» 
And dipp'd an olive-branch in holy dev/; 
Which thrice tie sprinkled round ; and thrice aloud 
InvokM the dead, and tiien disniissM the crowd. 

But,good £neas order'd on the shore 
A stately tomb, wtiose top a trumpet bore, 
A soldier's falchion, and a seaman^s oar. 
Thus was his friend interred : and deathless fame 
SiiU to the lofty cape consigns his name. 

These rites perform'd, the prince without delay. 
Hastes, to the nether world, his destinM way, 
Deep was the cave : and, downward as it went 
From the wide mouth, a rocky rough descent \ 
And here th' access a gloomy grove defends;, 
And here tn* iunavigablfc lake extends, 
O'er whose unhappy waters, void of light, 
No bird presumes to steer his airy flight: 
And deadly stenches ft'om the depth arise. 
And streaming sulphur, that infects the skies. 
From hence the Grecian bards their legends make, 
And give the name Avernus to the lake. 
Four sable bullocks, in the yoke untaught, 
For .sarriflce,ttie pious hero brought. 
The priestess pours the wine betwixt their horns ; 
Then cuts tlie curling hair ; that first oblation burns, 
Invoking (lecat hither to repair^ 
A pt^werful name in hell, and upper air. 
The sacred priests, with ready knives, bereave 
The beasts of life, and in full bowls receive 
The streaming blood : a lamb to Hell and Night 
'The sable wool without a streak of white) 

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iKneas offers^ ^nd -b^ F«ilt*t 4lccne, 
A barren heifer, Proserpipe lo thee. 
With holocoM^ h^ hliHo's Hltar t\hi 
Sev'n brawfiy trulls with hisfiwn haud he kiUt^ 
Then, on the broding eotrails, oil he poun^: 
Which, oinied Uui«, the ragii:g^ine davouxv. 
Late the noctumal^acriiicc begun. 
Nor ended, till the next retunung eaiK 
Then earth bmn to bellow^ trees to dance. 
And howlipg oogs lo glinaiii^ring light artvancc. 
Ere Hecat came-r-*' Far lience be aoiiis profewe !*• 
The Sib)l cned— -"atid Crumthe grove abstani* 
Now, Tce^M, take the way thf ^tee afibrd : 
Assume thy courage, and uitrheaili tJiy sworo ^ 
She said, and pasfi'«l akuif the sl^iouty spac«t 
The prince puESu'd iier «jbep& with equal pace. 

Ve realms, yet unnveal'd to huniau sigbtii 
Ye god«,iyi'ho ruk ths; regions of the wghA i 
Ye gliding ghostB ! ptomt-iBe to relate 
The mystic wondais of ryour silent state. 

Obscure they went thro* dreaty slutdes^ Ibatled 
Along ibe wasis '^ominioM of th« dead. 
Thus wander tr»vieUerf in wood by night, 
By the «iO(«n^>dowM£kil««d'ji>«ligiiaiit light. 
When JqyemAhiaky ^oiiMids involves the skies, 
And the foint crescent shoots kig^ 6tsbefofe Hiairejw. 

Just in the ijate, and in ihe jaw« of bell, 
Revengeful Cares and eulleo Sorrows dwells . i 
And palie Diseases, amd lepmiHg Age, 
Want, Fear, aii4 Famine's uMpesisied rage ; 
Here,ToiK«nd Deal)h,.and Death's balf^Mutlier, Sleep, 
(Forms terrible lo view) their sentrf keep: 
With anxioLs Fletisuiies of a guilty nurul, 
Deep Frauds before, and 0(>ein Force behind ; 
The Furies* \ma beds ; and Strife^ that shakes 
Her hissing tresses, a >uj unfolds her snakise : 
Full in the midst of this infernal jroad, 
An elm displays her dusky arms abroad : 

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4«* «Jf«lft. 

The god of sleep there htdet hit henry head t 

And eippty dreams onev'ry leaf is spread. 

Of various fonnsuuiiumber^d mpeoues tnore, 

Ceiitauff^id double &ha|)tt8, bt*sieg« ilie door. 

belore the passage, liorrjd Hydia Mauds, 

And Briareus w.ib ail his hundred iiamis ; 

(jorgons, deryon wtih his triple frame; 

And vam Chnniera vomits emftty flame. 

The chief unslieathM his shining »toel, pfepar*d. 

Though seii^'d with sudden fear, to force the guard. 

Off 'ring his hraiidish'd weapon, at their lace i 

Had not ii « Sibyl fetopp'd his eager pace. 

And told him what those empty phantoms wci*- 

Forinswitliout bodies, and impascdve air. 

Hence to deep Acheron tliey tsMe their way, 

Whose troubled eddies, thick with oose and clay, 

Are whirl'd aloft, and in Cocytis lost : 

There Charon stands, who rules tite dreary coast-^ 

A sordid god : down from his twary cliin 

A length of beard fiebcends, uncoinb'dv unclean: 

His eyes, iike'lioUow Aimaees on fire; 

A girdle, foul with grease, binds his obscene attif*. 

He spreads his^canvast; with his pole he steeis; 

The freights of fluting ghosU-m his thii»4>0ttoni bear» 

He looked in years ; }*et, m his jrears, were seea 

A youthful vigour, and autuiHnal green. 

An airy crowd came rusbine where he stood^ ' 

Which fiird the margin of the fetal flooc^ 

Husbands and wives, boys and iimnarned maids, 

And mighty heroes* more majestic »hade«, 

And youths, etitomb'd Iwfiire their Onthers* eyesv 

Witli hollotv groans, and shrieks, and feeble criei. 

Thick as the leaves in autumn strow tlie wcjods, 

Or fowls, by winter lbrn*d, forsake the floods, 

And wins their hasAy flight to happier 4andh— 

Such, and so thick, the shivering army stands, 

And press for passage with extended hands. 

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JL«||li|v : ^"i^ 

Now these; iiow (hose, the sufly boatmen bami ■ < 

The rest he (hove to distan{>e from the shore. 

The hero, who beheld, with woiid'riiig eyes. 

The tuiiiuU uiix'd with shrieks, laments, and cries,. 

Ask'd of his gutde, what the rude concoucse meant? 

V/hy lo the shose tlie thioi)|^i|g people beiu? 

What foiiiis of law among the i^iosis were usM ? 

Why some were ferrted o'er, and some refu&*d ?. 

" Son of AnchiiiesI offspring of tlie gods I 

(The Sibyl said) you see Uie Stygian floods. 

The sacred streams, which heaven's iin^i^ stale 

Atlesis in oaths, and fears to violate. 

The. ghosts lejected axe Ui' uuhajjpycrew 

Deprived of sepuicbf«»8.a«d fun ral due : 

The boatman, Charoi>: UiQce, the buried hosl» 

He ferrifl« ihe farther coast ; 

Nor dares his transport v«^sel cross the waves 

With such whose bones wt oot coraposVl l^ grave^. 

A hundred years they waixder on the shore ; 
At length, their penance 4one, are wafted o er.' 

The Trojan clweJ '\» feiwafd pace repressed, 
RevolvinB aiuue«», thoughts within his breast. 
He saw his friends, who, wbehn'd beneath the waves, 
Their funeral lioiMMSS olai»'4, and askM tlieir qp jot 

- g:««e0. 
The lost Leucaspis in the crowd he knew, . 
Aiwi the brave leader of tlie Lycian crew^ , 
Whom, on the Tjwrhcrie seas, the tnmpttst met ; ^ 

The saikirs ma«»terM, and the ship o'erseu 
Amidst the spitiU, Falinurus pie^sM, .;),.•,,., ■, 
Yet fresh bom ljiie,aiiiew-admiited guest,. ^ .„: ,- - , 
Who, while he Siteefing viewVi ilie stars, and bore, 
His course from Affic to the Latian sliore. 
Fell hea^llong down. The Troian fixM his view, 
And scarcely lbro^^le gloom the sullen shadow knew. , 
Then thus Uie prince: "Wliat envious pow'r, fiitind 
Broui^ht your lov'd life to this disastious Rud ' ^ . 

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41 £Ni;it 

For PtKBhiif, erer ttue in iftH he said, 
Has in your ftite alone, my Atuh betray'cL 
Tiv) god loretold you should not die, before 
Yo J jreach'd, secure from seas, th* Italian dioreu 
Is this th* unerring p»w*r I*' — The ghotit replied: 
** Nor Ph<Pbus 6attei-^d, nor bis answers lied ; 
Nor envious gods have sent me to the deep: 
But, while the stars and course of heav'n 1 keep. 
My wearied eyes were eeisM with fatal sleep. 
I tell ; and, whh my weight, the helm constrained 
Was drawn along, which yet my gripe retainM. 
Nor by the winds and raging waves 1 swear. 
Your safety, more tlnm inftoe, was tiien my care ; 
Lest, of the guide bereft, the rudder lest. 
Your ship should run againstnhe rocky coast. 
Three blust'rine nights, borne by the soutbera fakui, 
i floated, and discovered land at last ; 
High on a mounting wave, my tfead 1 bore, 
Forcing my strength, and gath^fing to «lie shorn. 
Panting, but Last the danger, now I eeis'd 
The craggy ciifb, and my tirM members eai^d. 
While, cumber'd with my dropping oletlMS, i lay. 
The cruel nation, covetous ofpSpey, 
Stained with my blood th* «mhos|MteM» eaatti 
And now by winds and waves, my lifeless Iwibiaie 

Which, O I avert, by yon ethereal light. 
Which [ have lost for this eternal irightt 
Or, if by deareriiesyoii may be won, 
" By your dead sire, and by jFOur living ees, 
Reaeem from this reproaeh myffind'nMg-gbMt, 
Or with your navreeek the VeHn coast. 
And in a peaceful grave my oerpee eompose - 
Oi, if a nearer wa^ your mother sh<iws, 
(Without T7hose aid, yoa durstwit undertake 
This frightful passage o^r the Stygian lake) 
Lend to tiiit wretch jrour hand, and waft him o*ar 
To the sweet banks of yon forbidden shore.'* 

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Scarce had he said ; the pfophetees began : 

*'\Vhat ho|)es delude ihee, miserable man ! 

Think'st thou, thus unintOtnbM, to cross the floods, 

To view the Furies and iniiftmat^ds, 

And visit, without leave, the dark abodes? 

Attend the term of long revolving years: 

Fate, and the dooming gods, aM-deal to tears. 

This comftnt of thy dire misfortune take— 

The wrath of heav'n, Inflicted for thy saice, 

With vengeance shall pursue th* inhmnan coastt 

Till they propitiate thy offended ghost, 

'And raise a tomb, with vows and solemn pray'r , 

And Palinurus* name the plaee shal( bear.'* 

This calm'd his care*— sooth'd with his future fama. 

And pleased to hear his pii[)pagated name. 

Now nearer to the Stygian lake they draw: 
Whom, from the 0hore, the surly fcoatman saw \ 
Observed their passage through the shady wood. 
And markVl their near appniachesto the flood . 
Then thus he call'd aloud, kiflamM with wrath r 
** Mortal, whate'cr, who this forbidden path 
In arms presum'st to tread 1 I chaiige thee^ stand 
And tell thy name, and bus'iiess in the land. 
Know, this the realm of night-^the Stygian shore: 
My boat conveys no living badies o'er: 
Nor was I pleasM, great Theseus once to bcar^ 
(Who forc'd a passage with fyis pointed*^pear, 
Nor strong Alcides — men of* mighty iame 9 
And from th* immortal gods^their lineage came 
In fetters one the barkii^ porter tied. 
And :oolt him trembling from his'sov^iieign's sider 
Two sought by force to seieehisbeautoousbfiide.^ 
To whom tlie Sibyl thtisc " Compose. thy mind.: 
Nor finuds are here contrived, nor fcree dos^'d. 
Still may the dog the^wand'rif^ troops coMstrain 
p( airy ghosts, and vex the guilty train ; 
And with her grisly lord his Irively queen remain. 

ym.. n. 4 . . . t.. 

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The Trojan chief, whn«e liiteage is Ihhh Jove, 

Much iatrnW for anns. and more for tilial lovu. 

Is sent to seek his sire «n your Llysian grove. 

If neitlier piety, nor heaven's comntaiHT, 

Can gain liis paMog/e to the Stygjan land. 

This fatal pre!>ent shall prevaU^ ai leai>t" — 

Then showM tlie fabUiiiig Uuigli, cuucealM withiu hei 

No more was ntedful : Ibr the gloomy go(^ 
Stood mute with awe, to aee Uw goideu rod ^ 
Admired the destinM ofl''riii|; m his <^»/9tn-»- 
A venerabl* gift, do rarely seen. 
His fury thus appeavM, lie (Hits to Utid : 
The ghosts fevKwe the > seai« ai his command : 
He clears the deck, rereives ike mighty fre^^H ; 
The leaky vosw) groans tieneath the weight. 
Slowly iilie sails, and scarcely steHis ibe tides: 
Tlie pressing water pcturs within her sides. 
Kiis |)asseiigers at length are wafted o'er, 
ExfiosM, in muddy weeds, upcm the miry shore 
No sooner lanrled, in this deu tltey founU 
The triple porter of the Stygio^ bound. 
Grim Cerliems who soon began to rear 
His crested snakes^and ann'd his bri«flii^ hair* 
The prudent Sib^ had belrire prepared 
A sop, iiv h<Mii*y siee|>^d, lo clmnB the guard ; 
Which, mi9cVt«wiih powerful drugs, she casA before 
His greedy griiii»i«^ jawe, just 0|»*d to roar. 
With three enormotis ntotrtlishe gapes ; and straight, 
With hunger pressH dewiofs die pleasing iMiit. 
Long draughts of "^P 1*^^ moiietrous limhs eMi^ve ; 
He reels, and faMbidy nils tlte spacious cave. 
The keeper charmed, tlio ohief without deiajr 
Passed on,. and took th* irmneat>W way. 
Before the gartes, the cries of tribes new-born, 
W^hoin Fate had from their tender mothers torn, 
Assaiih his ears: then thosie, wbcnn form of laws 
CVmatinn*d to die, when imitors iiidcM tbcir «;aiifll 

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Nor watit they tew, nor judge* to rwiew 

The wrongful seiiteiiGe, atwl awani miow, 

MiiioSf the strict inquisitcr, appears; 

And lives and criiuex, witii b>» assessors, htun. 

Hound iti his urn, the blended balls he ruUftr 

Absolves the juht, and dooms tiie i;aiUy soids* 

The next iu place and puuishiDetit, %se they 

Who prodigally threw their souls awajr—- 

t\M>ls, who, repining at tlieir wretclied state. 

And loHthmg ansious life, suboru*d their lkt(. 

V\ ith late repentance, now ti^y would retrieve 

Their itodies they forsook, and wisti to live; 

Their pains and ^)Overty desite to bear. 

To view the li^ht of heav'ii, ami breatlie the vital a'trt 

But Fate forbids ; the iStygian floods oppose, 

And vvith«nine circling streams, the captive souls hicloM 

Not far from hence, llie Mournful t ields appear^ 
So call'd from lovers that inhabit there. 
Tiie souls, whon that unhappy flame invadej^ 
In secret solitude and myrtle shades 
Make endless moans, and, pining with desiio, 
La«nent too late their unextinguished fire. 
Here Procris, Eriphyle here he found 
Barn^ Iter breast, yet bleeding with tlie wound 
Made by her sou. He saw l^siphae there. 
With Phredir&^s ghost, a foul incestuous {laic; 
There lAodamia, with Kvadne, movea> - 
Unhappy both, but loyal in their loves: 
Cseneus, a woman once, and once a niaiif 
But ending in the sex. she first began. 
Not lar from these Flio^nician Dido stood, 
Fresh from her woujid, her bohoin liath d in bloc^dl j 
Whom when the TiT)jai) hero liardly knew. 
Obscure in shades, anrl with a doubtful vivwr, 
(Doubtful as he who sees through duskv nijibt. 
Or thinks he sees the mooii^s unceriahi liglitj 
Witli tears he fi.*dt approached the sullen sbada; 
And as hit love ibsitli^d him. thitf: he aaic* ' 

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5i MLKr.lB. 

•' Unhappy qiie«n ! then is the common breath 
Of rumour true, in your rej^orteri death, 
And It alas I iiiecaut*? — by heav"n» I vow, 
And all tl)€ poiv'rs that rule the realms below, 
IJnwill n!< 1 fi»r8ook your fr-endly state, 
('oinmandtH by the gods, and forc'd by Fate — 
Those wods, that Fate, whose unresisted mtglit 
Have sent «ne to those regions void of light, 
Througn the vast empire of eternal night. 
N(»r dar'd I lo presume, that, pressed with grief, 
My flight should unje you to this dire relief. 
Slay, stay your steps, and listen to my vows! 
*Tis the last interview that Fate allows !" 
TITVa'n he thus attempts he»' mind to move 
With teais and pray'i-s, and late- repenting love. 
Disdainfully she look'd : then turning round. 
She fix'd her eyes'd upon the ground, 
And, what he says and swears, regards no more. 
Than the deaf rocks, wiien the loud billows roar; 
But wh'rl'd away to shun his hateful sight, 
Hio in the forest and the shades of night ; 
Then sought Sicha»us through the shady gn»ve, 
Who answer'd all h ;r cares and eqiiall'd all her lovei 
Sou'e pious tenrs the pitying hero paid. 
And foUow'd with his eyes the flitting shade. 
Then took the forward way by Fa»e ordain'd. 
And with his guide, the further fields attain'd. 
Where, severed from the rest, the warrior souls re- 

main'd. •' 
Tydeus he met, with Meleager's race, 
The pride (\f armies, and the soldiers' grace ; 
And()ale Adrastrus with his ghastlv face. 
Of Trojan chiefs he view'd a numerous train. 
All nuich lamented, all in bailie slain — 
Olaucus and Medon, high alwve the rest, 
Antenor's sons, and Ceres' sacred priest, 
\nd proud Idaius, Priam's charioteer, 
^h? shakes his empty reins, and aims hie airy qjear. 

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The gladsome ghosts, in circling troops, attend^ 
And with unwearied eyes behold their friead ; 
Delight to hover near, and long to know 
What business br()ught him to the realms below. 

But Argive chiefs, and Agamemnon's train 
When bis refulgent anus flasliM tlirough the ibadjr 

Fled froin his well-known face, with wonted fear. 
As when his thundering Mvord and pointed spear 
Drove iieadlong to their ships, and glean'd tiie routad 

Tlwy rais'd a feeble cry with trembling notes: 
But the weak voice deceived tlieir gasping throats. 
Here Priam's son^ DeVphobus, he found, 
Whose foce and limbs were one continued wound. 
Dishonest, with lopp'd arms, the youth appears, 
Spoil*d of his nose, and shonen'd of bis ears. 
He scarcely knew hint, striving to disown 
His blotted form, and blushing to be known ; 
And therefore first began : " O Teucer's race I 
Who durst thy faultless figure thus deface ? 
What heart could wish, what band hiflict tbii dire 

. disgrace ? 
*Twas fiinrd, that in our last and fatal night. 
Your single prowess long sustained tiie fight. 
Till tir*d, not forc'd, a glorious fate you ciiose, 
And fell upon a heap of slaughtered fiies. 
But, in remembrance of so brave a deed, 
A tonvb and funeral honours I decreed ; 
Thrice call'd your manes on the Trojan plaint: 
The place your armour and your name retaint. 
Yotir body too I sought, and, had 1 ihund. 
Designed for burial ni your native ground." 
The ghost replied • *♦ Your piety has paid 
AL needful rites, to rest my wanrl'riiig siiadet 
But cruel Fate^ and my more cruel w^fe. 
To Grecian swordi betrayM my sleeping life. 

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•• Mtftti. 

These am the monuments of Helen*s lov«— 
The shartt« I bear below, the marks 1 bore &bdin$. 
You know in wimi deludinji'joys wc past 
The night, that was by heav'n decreed our last 
For, when tiie fatal horse, descending down, 
I'legtiaiit' »fti « oe»-whelnrd th* uiihappy tOv^r 
She feign'd nocturnal orgies : left my bed, 
A nd, HiixVi with Trojan dames, the dances led ; 
Then, wwvmg high her torch, the signal n ade, 
Whid» powfi'd ilw Grecians from their ambuscade, 
With watching overworn, with cares oppress'd, 
Unhappy I had laid me down to rest ; 
And heavy sleep my weary lin bs possessed. 
Meantime nty worthy wifie our arms ifiislaid. 
And. ftttiw iieneath my head, my ^word convcy'd : 
The door wnlatoliM, and. with repealed calls, 
Invites heriimrmcr lord within my walls. 
Thus in her crime her confidence she plac'd, 
And with new treasons would rcrieftm the part. 
W hat need I more ? Into the room they ran, 
And meanly mnrder'd a defriiceless man. 
Ulysses, basely born, first led the way. — 
Avenging pow'rsi with justice if I prav 
That fortune be thieir own another day? 
But answer you ; ftnd in your torn relate. 
What broiiglit yoH, living, tft the Stygian s»tat«. 
Driv'n by the winds and errors 'J( l«e sea, 
Or did you beavVs superior doom obey ? 
Or tell what other chance con<*ucts your way. 
To view, with mortal eyes, our dark retreats, 
Tumults and torments of th* infernal seats.** 

While thus, in talk, the flying hours thev jwii, 
The sun had finished more than half his race : 
And they perhaps, m words and tears had spent 
The little time of stay, which heav'n had lent: 
But thus the Sibjl chides tlielr tong delay : 
« Night rusbas dowi, and headlong drives th« AAft 

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*Tis here tn iW^ttm pettii, fhe tmy ^fSidttp. 

Thft ri&ht to Fluto's ^Icfen palace guides: 

The Ictt, tu that uiihap^ region tends, 

Which to the depth of Tartarus dessceiids — 

The seat M night profouiHt, and puni8h*d fiendn." 

Then thus Dej'uhobus : ** O sacren maid ! 

Forbear to chide ; ainl be ymir will obefd. 

Lo I to the secret siteidows 1 retire. 

To pay iny penanee till my years expire. 

Proceed, auspicious prince, with glory crown'd. 

And bom to better fetes than I have ftwind." 

He said : and, while he said, his steps he turifd 

To secret shadows, and in silence motimM. 

Tne hero, looking on tlie left, espied 

A lofty t9^*r, and strong on ev'iy side 

With treble walls, which Phlegethoii siirrounds, 

Whose fiery ^ttod the burning empire boandt; 

And, pressed betwixt the rocks, tlie bellowin| noise 

Wide is the fronting gate, And rai^ on hi|^ 
With adamantine columns, threats tlie sky. 
Vain is the force of man, and heav*n*s as irein. 
To crush the pillars wliich the pile sustain. 
8uhlime on these, a towV of steel is rear*d ; 
And dire Tisipbone there keeps the ward, 
Girt in her sanguine eown, by night and day, 
Observant of the souTs that pass the downward «*ay. 
From lience are heard the gioans of ghosts, the p^int 
Of sounding lashes and of dragging chains. 
The Troian stood astonished at their cries. 
And askli his ^de, iVdm whence those yells ari^ 
And what fhe crimes, and what the tortures wei^, 
And louo laments ^hat rent the liquid air. 
Slje thus replied : " The chaste and holy mce 
Arc all forbidden this polluted place. 
But Hecat, when the gave to rule the woods, 
'hen led me trembling thro* thege dire abodes, 
.nd taught the tortures of* th* avenging g»>d«. 

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These are the realms of unrelenting Fate; 

And awful Rhadainanthus rules the state. 

He hears and judges each committed crime ; 

Inquires into the manner, place, and time. 

The coDScious wretch must all his acts reyeai, 

(Loth to confess, unable to conceal) 

From the first moment of his vital breath, 

To his last hour of unrepenting death. 

Straight o'er th« guilty ghost, the Fury shakes 

The sounding whip, and brandisiies her snakes 

And the pale sinner, with her sisters, takes. 

Then of itself, unfolds the eternal door: 

With dreadful sounds, the brazen hinges roar. 

Vou see, before tlie gate, what stalking ghost 

Commands the guard, what sentries keep the post 

More formidable Hydra stands within. 

Whoso jaws with iron teeth severely grin. 

The gapir^ gulf low to the centre lies,- 

And twice as deep as earth is distant fro.Q the gkies. 

The rivals of the gods, -the Titan race. 

Here, sing'd with lightning, roll within tb* unfatbomM 

Here lie tV Aloean twins, (I saw them both) 
Enormous bodies of gigantic growth. 
Who dar*d in fight the Thund'rer to defy, 
Affect his heaven, and force him from the sky. 
Salmoncus, suffering cruel pains, I found, 
For emulating Jove; the rattling sound 
Of mimic tl) under, and tlie glittering blaze 
Of pointed lightnings, and their forky rays. 
Through Elis, and the Grecian towns he flew : 
The audacious wretch four fiery coursers drew: 
Ha wav'd a torch aloft, and, madly vain. 
Sought godlike worship from a servile train. 
Ambitious fool ! with norny hoofs to pass 
O'er hollow arches of resounding brass, 
To rival thunder in its rapid course, 
\nd imitate inimitable force ! 

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JE?rEIS. 5^ 

But he, the king of heav'n, obscure on high, 

Bar*d his red arm, and launching from the sky 

His writhen bolt, not shaking empty smoke, 

Down to the deep abyss the flaming felon struck. 

Where Tityus was to see, who took his birth 

From heav'n, his nursing from the foodful earth. 

Here his gigantic limbs, with large embrace, 

Infold nine acres of infernal space. 

A rav'nous vulture, in his opeuM side. 

Her crooked beak and cruel talons tried ; 

StiU for the growing liver digg'd his breast: 

The growing liver still supplied the feast ; 

StiU are his entrails fruitful to their pains : 

Th* immortal hunger lasts, th' immortal food reniaini* 

Ixion and Pirithoiis I could name^ 

And more Thessaliau chiefs of mighty fame. 

High o'er their heads a mouldering rock is placM, 

That promises a ftill, and shakes at ev'ry blast. 

They lie below on golden beds display'd ; 

And genial feasts, with regal pomp are made. 

The queen of Furies by tlieir side is set, 

And snatches firom their mouths th* untasted meat. 

Which if ihey touch, her filssing snakes she rears. 

Tossing her torch and thund'ring in their ears. 

Then they, who brothers' better claim disown, 

Expel Uieir parents, and usurp the throne ; 

Defraud their clients, and, to lucre sold, 

Sit brooding on unprofitable gold — 

Who dare not give, and e*en refuse to lend, 

To their poor kmdred, or a wanting friend^ 

Vast is the throng of these ; nor less the train 

Of lustful youths, for foul adult'ry slain — 

Hosts of deserters, who their honour sold, 

And basely broke their faith for bribes of ^old. 

All these within the dungeon's depth remam, 

Despairing pardon, and expecting pain. 

Ask not what pains ; nor further seek to know 

Tboir processt or the Cmns of law below: 

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9m i£i»ftiii. 

Some roll a mighty $um ; «ome« laid along. 

And boiiiul witb burning wires, on spokei of wh^^ 

•re hiiiig. 
Unhappy Theseue, doomM for ever there. 
Is fixM by Fate on his eternal chair: 
And wrelehcd Phl^as wwns the world with cri08^ 
(Could warning make the world more just or wise) 
* Learn righteousness, and dread th^avengins^deitiei** 
To tyrants, others have their countries soid, 
Imposing foreign lords, for foreign gold : 
Some have old laws repeaPd, neiv statutes made, 
Not as the people pleasM, but as tliey paid. 
With incest some their daugiiter^s lied profonM- 
All darM lit' worst of ills, and, what iheydar'd, att|iim*d. 
Had 1 a hundred mouths, a hun<ired tonsues, 
And throats of brass, inspifd with iron htnjjfi, 
I could jK)t half those horrid crimes repeat,' 
Nor half the punishments those crimen hav0 inM. 
But let us haste, uur voyage to pursuer 
The walls of lUito^s palace are in view. 
The gate, and iron arch above : — it stands-*- 
And anvUs labourM by the Cyclops* hands. 
Before our farther way the Fates allow. 
Here must we fix on hish the golden bougb.^ 
She said : and through Uie gloomy shades tb^ pset. 
And chose the mid<w path. — Arrived at last. 
The prince, with living water, eprinkled -o'er 
His limbs and body, tlwn appreachM the door, 
Possessed the poreb, and on the front above 
He fix*d the fiital bough, zequirM by Pluto's love* 
These holy ritee peinbnn'd, they took their way. 
Where long extended plaint of pleasure lay> 
The verdant fields with those ot heav^p aoaj vk^ 
With ether vested, and a purple sky— 
The blissful seats of happy souls below : 
Stars of their owq, and their own suns, they kodv* 
Their aiiy Utnbs in sporu they exercise^ 
And, on the green, contend the wrestler*8 prise. 

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?5omc, \n beroTc vetrt, rflvinely itftig; 
Others in artftil n pa^uies ImkI the tit\^. 
I he 'I'hrnchn banh s jrrounded t>y the rest. 
There stHnrlv coiif pxiimib in iiis flowing vest. 
His flying fingers, and harn'Oninus auifl, 
.'jlrike seven distinguished notes, ana seven at unoe they 

Kere fltnmt they Teucer*8 old heroic race, 
Bom.bmter t./re8,and happier years to grace, 
As^aracus and llus here enjoy' 
I erpetnal fane, with him whd fbnnded Troy. 
T he » .' k»f behrld their charkits from afar. 
Their ^nininganns andconrsers train'd to war. 
Their lances fixed in earth — ^their steeds around^ 
Pi^ee from their liameso, graze the flowery ground 
The love of horses whfch they had, alive. 
And care of charints after death, survive. 
Some cheerful soals werr ftastini^ on the phlfn ; 
Some did the sonfr, and^me-the choh* mairttaki, 
Beneath a laurel fhadi^ where miffhty Po 
Mounts up M Duoods above anJ bides his head bitow. 
Here patriots^ho. ji>r t|r.eir cmintry's gpod, 
In fighting fields, were pmdigal of blooih 
Priests of unli)emis4iM Kv«s here make abMit, 
And poet^ worthy their ktfpirirg fsod^ 
And searrh.'iif wits, cf ny^re irechiinc parts» 
Kho giae*W their agt with new invented arM ; 
These whe to worth, their IWHinty did eNtcnd, 
And those who knem* t^ai bennty to commend. 
The Irtw^-of the»e. with hefy fi'Hets boCHTid, 
And all their 'templet* were with garlands crOwnY. 

To tliese the Sibyl ities her speech ftddre88*d, 
And first to him suirmnuted by the rest-*- 
(Towering bis height, and ample m'as his breast.) 
•* Say, happy fouIs! fltvine IVlusfeits! say. 
Where lives Anchises. and whera lies our way 
To find the hero, fnt whose only sake 
A'e sought the ditrk ai3odes> an<l cro9s*d the bitter take^ 

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Vo this the sat;red poet thus repliQd t 

•' in no tix'd place the happy toiils re»de, 

Jn groves we hve, and lie on iiiotsy beds, 

By crystal streams, tliat murmur through tliS meads: 

Lui pasb yon eas-y h.ll, and thence debceud ; 

The paih conducts you to your journey's eiid." 

'i'his tatd, he led them up the mountaufs biow, 

And &ho\vs tl.em all the shunng iieldg below. 

'i hey vvmd the hill, and tiii-ough tlie blisstul mea* 

dotvs go. 
But old Anchises, in a.iio\v^ry vale^ 
Heview'd his nuister'd race, and took the tal« — 
Those happy spirits, wluch, ordain'd by Fate, 
For i'uture heai" and new bodies wa.t — 
With studious thuuglil, observ'd tir illustrious throng 
In i\'ature'*s order, as they pa^^sVI along — 
Their names, their iates, titeii conduct, and their care, 
In peaceful seiiates, and successlul war. 
He, when J^neas on the plain appears, 
Meets him with open arms, and lallnig tears. 
•* V\ elcome " he said, " the gods' undoubted race ! 

long expected to my dear embrace ; 
Once more, 'tis giv'n me lo beliold your face ! 
The love and pioua duty winch you pay. 
Have pass'd the perils of so hard a way. 
*Tis true, computing times, 1 now bel.ev'd 

The happy day approach'd ; i>or areniy hopes deceived. 
What length of lands, wlisu oceans lave you pase'd. 
What storms sustaui'd, and on what shores been cast I 
How have 1 fear'd your fate but lear'd it niost. 
When love asi-ail'd you on the Libyan coast/' > 
To this, the filial duty thus replies. 
** Your sacred ghost, h^oie my sleeping eyes, 
Appear'd, and often urg'd this (i^infui enterprise. 
A iter long tossing on tiie Tyrrhene sea, 
^^y navy rides at anchor in the bay. 

1 ui reach your hand, oh parent shade' nor shun 
'1 ho dear enihipac«sof your longing son . " 

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JLIIElt. 6t 

He said ; and falling tears his face Ix^dew: 

Then thrice, amuiid his neck, his arms he threw ; 

And thr ce the flating shadow shppM away, 

Like winds, or empt}' dreams that fly the day. 

Now, in a secret vale, the Trojan sees 

A separate giove tinx)ugh which a gentle breeze 

Plays with a passing breath; and whispers throngh the 

. trees : 
And, just before the confines of the wood, 
The glidhig Lethe leads her silent flood. 
About the boughs an airy nation flew, 
Thick as the humming bees, that h.unt the golden dew. 
In summers heat ; on tops of Mlies feed, 
And creep within their bells, to suck the balmy seed : 
The winged army roams the field around ; 
The rivers and the rocks remurmur to the sound 
JEneas wondering stood, then ask'd the cause. 
Which to the stream the crowding people draws. 
Then thus the siie : ** The souls that throng the flood 
Are those, to whom by Fate, are other bodies ow*d : 
In Lethe's lake, they long oblivion taste. 
Of future life secure, forgetful of the past. 
Long has my soul desir'd this time and place. 
To set before your sight your glorious race, 
1 hat this presaging toy may fire your mind, 
To seek the shores by destiny design'd." — 
**0 hkiiierl can it be, that souls sublime 
Return to visit our ten-estrial clime. 
And that. the genVous mind, released by death. 
Can covet lazy limbs, and mortal breath ?*' 
Anchises then, i*: oide., thus begun 
To clear those wonders to his godlike son t 
" Know, firsts that heav'n, and earth*s crompacted firanie. 
And flowing waters, and ll.e starry flame, 
And both ll.e lad.ant lights^ one connvon seul 
Inspires and feeds— and animates the whole. 
This active mind, infiis'd through ail the t^ 
IJniten and iningleg with the mighty maM.* 

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At M9f1ti$. 

Hence men and tieasts the breath of life ohtaiOj 

And birds of air, and monsters of the main. 

Th* ethereal vij^uur is in ail the saine ; 

And ev'ry soul is MVd with equal (iaiiie— 

As much as earthly liinhs and gross allay 

Of mortal members, subject to decay, 

Blitat not the beams of heav*n and ed^e of dtkf. 

From this coarse mixture of terrestrial partM, 

Desire and fear by turns possess their hearts, 

And grief, and joy: nor can the grov'Iing mind, 

In the dark dungeon of i^ limbs confiii*d, 

Aawrt the native skies, or own its heav'itly kind: 

i\or death itself can wholly wash their stains ; 

But long-contracted filth eVn in the soul remains. 

The relics of invet'raie Vice they wear; 

And spolsol* siu obscene in ev'ry face appear. 

For this are various penances enjoiiiM ; 

And sone are hung to bleach upon the wind, 

Some plunged in waters, others purgM in fires, 

Till all the dregs are drain*d, and all the rust explrei 

All have their manes, and those mane? bear: 

The few, socleans'd, to these abodes repair. 

And breathe in ample fields, the soft ICIysian air. 

Then are they happy, when by len^tn of time 

The scurf is worn away of eachco nnitte^ crime; 

No speck is leii of tlieir habitual stains ; 

But the pure ether of tlie soul reuiains. 

But, when a thousand rolling years are pa^ 

(So long their puuislimenis anci penance la»t} 

Whole droves of minds are, by wiie driving gpd, 

Com|ieird to drink tlie deep Lethean Hood^ 

In large forgetful draughts, to steep the cares 

Of their past labours and their irksome yQuri, 

That, unremembVing of its former pain, 

The soul inmy sufiSsr mortal flesh again.^ 

Thus having said, the father-spirit leadf 

The priejMas and his son through swarms uf k!jide% 

Ana takes a nn»|e grownd, from ttience to iee 

The long proeeenon of Ma progeny. 

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« Survey (pursuM the sire) this airy throng. 

As, offef d to the view, they pai«s along. 

These are th' italiau nanes, wiiir.h Falo will join 

With ours, and graft" upon ilie Tnijan line. 

Observe the youth who iirit appears lu siglil. 

And holds (lie nearest station to the liglit, 

Aheady seems to snuff the vital air, 

Anrl leans just forward on a siiinuig spear: 

Silvius is he, fhy last begotten race. 

But fn-st in order sent, to fill thy place--^ 

An Ailian name, but mixM wit{i Daidao j^lood : 

^rn in the dovert of a shady wood, 

Han fair Lavinia, thy surviving wife. 

Shall breed in groves, to lead a solitary liilt. 

Iji Alba he shall fix his royal seat. 

And, born a king, a race of kings beget ;•— 

llien Procas, honour of the Trojan nati)0» 

Capys, and Numitor, of endless fame. 

A second Silvius after these appears-^ 

Silvius ^Eneas, (or thy name he bears — 

For arms and justice equally renownM ; 

Who, late restor'd, in Alba sliall be crownM, 

Mow great they look ! how vtgpiously Ihey w\t]4 

Their weighty lances, and sustain the shield ! 

But they, who crown'd with oaken wreaths a|>|peai^ 

Shall Gabian walls and strong Fidaene reair; 

iVoinentum, Bola. with Pometia, found ;. 

And raise Collation towVs on rocky ground 

All these shall then be towns of mi^ty isnne. 

Though now they lie obscure. aiuT laud« wkhoul 

SiM^ Romulus the great, born to restore 
Tlie ( rown that once his injur'd grandsire w*>re> 
Phis prince a priestess of our blood shall bear; 
And like his sire in arms he shal) appear. 
Two rising crests his royal head adorn : 
Burn from a god, himself to godhead bom 

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His sire alreafly signs him for the skies, 
And marks his seat amidst the deities. 
Auspicious chief *. tliy race, in times to co^ae, 
t'.hall spread the coivquesis of imperial Rome- 
Home whose ascending tow'*rs shall heav'ii iiivade. 
Involving earth and heav*n into her shade ; 
High as the mottier of the gods in place. 
And proud, like her, of an imniortal race, 
Then, when in pomp she makes the Phrygian rouodf 
VVuh golden turrets on her temples crowa'd: 
A hundred gods her sweeping train supply, 
Her ofTspnng all ; and all command the sky. 
Now Ax your sight, and stand intent, to see 
Your Roman race, and Julian progeny. 
There mighty Ciesar waits his vitsQ hour, 
Imjiatient lor the world, and grasps his promisM pow*t. 
But next behoWl the youth bf form divine — 
Caesar himself, exalted in his line — 
Augustus^promis'd oft, and long foretold, 
Sent to the realm that Saturn rulM of old ; 
Bom to restore a better age of gold. 
Afric and India shall his pow*r ot)ey ; 
He shall extend his propagated sway 
Beyojid the solar year, without the starry way. 
W here Atlas turns the rolling heav'ns around. 
And his broad shoulders with their lights are crowa^d. 
At his foreseen approach, already quake 
The Caspian kingdoms and Mseotian lake. 
Their seers behold the tempest from afar ; 
And lhreat*iiii» oracles denounce the war. 
Nile hears him kncx^king at his sevenfold gates, 
And seeks bis hidden spring, and fears his nephew*. 

Nor Heicules more lands or labours knew. 
Not li/jvh the brazen -footed hind he slew, 
Fwjcd FrVrn.'inlhus from the foaming boar, 
And ^^p is arrows in |jern?Dan goro ; 

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Nor Bacchus, turning from hts Indian wai. 
By tigers draWn triumphant in his car, 
From Nysa's top descending on the plams. 
With curling vines around his pitrple iiiins. 
A»d doubt we yet through dangers to |Hir8u« 
The paths of honour, and a crown in view ?- 
But what's the man, who from afar appears, • 

His head with olive crown'd, his hand a censei «)eai»f 
His hoary beard and h9ly vestmems bring 
His lost idea back. I know the Roman king. 
He shall to peaceful Rome new laws ordam, 
Caird ffom his meah abode, a sceptre to susta4w. 
Him TiiUus next in dignity succeeds. 
An active prince, and prone to martial deeds 
He slrnli his troops for fighting fields prepare, 
Di«us'"d to toils and triumphs of the war. 
By dint of svvord,his crown he shall increase, 
And scour his armour from the rust ot peace. 
Whom Ancus follows with a fawning air, 
But vain within, and proudly popular. 
Next view the Tarquin kings, tir avenging sword 
Of Brutus, justly drawn, and Rome restored. ■ 
He first renews the rods and axe severe, 
And gives the consuls royal robes to wear. , 
His sons, who seek the tyrant to sustain, ' 
And long for arbitrary lords agam. 
With ignominy scourg'd in open sight, ^ 
He dooms to death deserv'd, asserting public ri#ft 
Unhappy man '. to break the pious laws ■ 

Of nature, pleading in his children's cause ! 
Howe'er the doubtful feet is understood, 
•Tis love of honour, aittl his country's good 
The consul, riot the fether, sheds the blood. 
Behold Tarauafus the same track pursue » 
And next the two devoted^ Decii view— 
The Drusiari ime, Camillus loaded home 
With standards well redeemed, and forpi6.n itm 



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66 ^BIS, 

The pair yon s^e, in equal ajmour shiiie» 

Now, friends below, in close embraces join : 

But, when they leave the shady realms of night, 

And, cloiii'd in boiiies, breathe your upper light. 

With mortal iiate each other shall pursue: 

What wars, what wounds, what slaughter, sliall ensiM 

From Alpine heights the father first descends ; 

His daughter's hirsband in the plain attends; 

His daughter's husband arms his eastern friends. 

Embrace again my sons ! be foes no nrwre.; 

Nor stain your country wttAi her children's gore I \ 

And thou, the first, lay dgwn thy lawless claim, 

Thou, of my blood, who bear'st the Jujian name ! 

Another comes, who shall in triumph ride, 

And to the Capitol his ctiariot guide. 

From conquerM Corinth, rich with Grecian spoil* 

And yet another, fam'd for warlike toils, 

On Argos shall impose the Roman laws,^ ' ''J' 

And on the Greeks, revenge the Trojan caiieeL"''^ 

Shall dr8ig in rhains their Achillean Ya.c^^^l'^ ' /' 

Shall vindicate his ancestors' disgrace, „.,'^ ^Ji **' 

And Pallas for her violated place, '' ' .\ 

Gi-eat Cato ;here, for gravity renown'd» 

And conq'ring Cossus goes with laurels crown' dL 

Who can omi^ the Gracchi ? who declare 

The Scipio's worth, those thunderbolts of vyar. 

The double bane of CarthageJ. Who ca.ii see, 

Without esteem for virtuous poverty, 

.Severe Fabricius, or can cease t' admire 

The ploughman consul in his coarse attire? ■ '^ 

Tir'd as 1 am, my praise the Fabii claim ; '*'^/[ . 

And thou, great hero, greatest Qi" thy "aji|fi|, ^,^^^,' 

Ordain'd in war to save the sinking stati^ .' ;^\ J'* ' • 

And, by delays, to put a stqpto Fate I A .',' .'v'^,' 

l^et others better mould the running mass ' '. ^^* '' 

Of metals, and inform tiie breathing brass^ '^^^ 

And fipft^p into flesh, a marble fai^e ; '^ 

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JRNBI8 67 

PlefMf better at the bar ; descritie the skieft, 

^d when the stars descend, and wbeR they rise. 

But Borne I 'tis thine alone, with awful sway^ 

To rule mankind, and nnake the world obey, 

Disposing peace and war, thy own majestic way^: 

To tame the proud, the fetterM slave to free u — 

These are imperial arts and worthy thee." 

He paus'd— and, while with wond'ringeyes thpy vJcw'd 

The passing spirits, thus bis speech renewM : 

" See great Marcellus ! how, untir^d in toils,j 

He moves with manly grace, how rich with regal s|>oiW. 

He, when bis country (threatened with alarnis) 

Requires his courage, and his conq'ring arm«t. 

Shall more than once the Punic bands afTright ; 

Shall kill the Gaulish king in single fi^ht; 

Then to the Capitol in triumph move : 

And the third spoils shall grace Feretrian Jove/* 

iEneas here beheld, of ibrm divhie, 

A godlike youth, in glittering armour shines 

With great Mareellus keeping equal pace : 

But gloomy wtsre bis eyes, dejected was his face. 

He saw, and wopd'riog, askM his airy guide^ 

What and of whence was be^ who pceased rtie hero*» 

" His son, or one of bis illustrious name f 
How like the former, and almost t|)e same ? 
Observe the crowds that eoropass him around ^ 
All gaze, and all adhiire, and raise a shouting; se&itid: 
But hovering mists around his brows are spread v 
And night with sable shades involves his feeaci** 
** Seek not to know, (the ghost replied with teara); 
The sorrows of thy sons in future! years. 
This youth (the blissful vision of a day) 
Shall just be shown on earth, then snatebM aw^^yi 
The gods too higli had raisM the Roman state,. 
Were but their gifts as peixnaoent aft greai. 
What groans of men shall. ffll the Marti«Kir Field ! 
How fierce a blaze his flaming p^ sball yield ! 
What fim'ra! pomp shall flciacing Tybor se^ 

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68 4:neis. 

When, rising frorfi his bed, he views the sad soleinutty ! 

No youth shall equal hopes of glory give, 

No youth afford so great a cause to grieve. } 

The Trojan honour, and the Roman boast, 

Admir'd when living, and ador*d when lost ! 

Mikror of ancient faith in early youth ! 

Undaunted worth, inviolable truth ! 

No foe, unpunished, in the lighting field 

Shall dare thee, foot to foot, with sword and shield, 

Much less in arms oppose thy matchless force, 

When thy sharp spurs shall urge thy foaming horse. 

Ah ! couldst thou break through Fate's severe decree, 

A new Marcellus shall arise in thee ! 

Full canisters of fragrant lilies bring, 

Mix*d with the purple roses ot the spring : 

Let me with fun'ral flowVs his body sirow, 

This gifl, which parents to their children owe. 

This unavailing gift, at least I may bestow !" 

Thus having said, he led the hero round 

The confines of the blest Elvsian ground ; 

Which when Anchises to his son hkd shown, 

And fifd his mind to mount tlie promis'd throne, 

He tells the future wars, ordalnM by Fate ; 

The strength and customs of the Latian state ; 

The prince, and people ; and foie-arms his care 

With rules, to push ni§ fortune, or to bear. 

Tvyo gates the silent house of Sleep adorn ; 
Of pbli^'d iv'ry this, that of transparent horn: 
True visions through transparent horn arise 
Through polish*d iv'ry pass deluuing lies. 
Of various things discoursing as he pass*d, 
Anchises hither bends his steps at last 
Then, through the gate of iv'ry he dismissed 
His variant offspring, and divining guest. 
Sitaight to the ships £neas took his way, 
EmbarkM his men, and sMmm'd along the sea. 
Still coasting, till he gain'd Caieta's bay. 
Ai length on oozy ground his galleys moor : 
Their neads are UirnM to sea, their stfrns to shore. 

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i£N E [ 8. 



King Latiaot entftitains ^neas, and ptominei biffl hh ofihf 
dai^hter, Lnvinia, the heiress of hit crawa. Tarnus, beio# 
in U>vt with her, fa.roured by her mother, and by Juno aod 
Alecto, breaks the treaty whicK vaa made, aod engages is 
his quarrel Mezentius, Camilla, Messapusy and many other 
of the neighbdtiring princes ; whose forces, and the i 
ot their commaDders are particolarly related. 

And thou, O matron of immortal feme! 
Here dying, to the shore hast left thy name: 
Caieta still the plate is call'd from thee. 
The nurse of great .Eneas* infiincy. 
Here rest thy bones in rich Hesperia^s plamt: 
Thy name (Ws all a ghi>sl can have) remains. 

Now, when theprince her funeral rites had Mid, 
He ploughed the Tyrrhene seas with sails dUplay^d. 
From land a gentle brecxe arose by night ; 
Serenely shone the stars ; the moon was br*.^ ; 
And the sea trembled with her silver light 
Now near the shelves of Circe's shores they ran, 
(Circe the rich, the daughter of the sun) 
A dangerous coasf ! — the goddess wastes het dayt 
In joyous songs ; the rocks resound her la^ 
In spmnihg, or the loom, she spends the night; 
And cedar brands supply her father's light. 

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70 MNEIS. 

From hence were heard rebellowins to the main. 

The roars of lions that refuse the chain. 

The grunts of bristled boars, and groans of bears, 

And herds of howling wolves that stun the sailors* ea*r« 

These from their caverns, lit the close of night. 

Fill the sad isle with horror and affright. 

Darkling tiiey mourn their fiite, whom Cioce's pow*r, 

(That watch*d the moon, and planetary hour) 

With words and wicked herbs, from humankind 

Had altered, and in bt«»tal shapes confined. 

Which monsters lest the Troiah's pious host 

&iieu4d bear, AT touch upon th* «ncbaiued coa4t, 

Propitioue Neptune eteer'd their course by night. 

With rising gates, thai sped their happy fligM. 

Supplied with these, they skhn the sounding fthote. 

And bear the swelling surges vainly roar. 

Now, when the Tosv mora be^n to rise. 

And wav*d her saffron streamer through the skies. 

When Thetis blush*d in poi;de,*not her own. 

And from her face the breathing winds were blown, 

A sudden silence Ate upon the sea, 

A ^d sweepii^ oars, with strugglingf ui^ their way. 

The Trojan, from the main, bebel4 a wood^ 
V> hich, thick with shades, and a brown horror stood 
Betwixt tha trees, #be Tyber took bis course. 
With whiilpools^impleil; apd with downward ibrco 
That (iKove the ^and along, he vxik his way. 
And rojrd his yellow billys to the sea. 
About him, and abovet,and round the wood. 
The bird$ that haunt the borders of his -floods 
'J'hat bathM within, or baskM upon his sif^^ 
To tuneful «M.igs their narrow throats applied. 
Tiie captain gives command : the ioyfiji train 
Glide through .tW^^my shade, and •eave tlie main. 

Now, Erato i tby poet^s mind inspire, 
And fill his soul with thy celestial fire, 
delate what Latium was ; her ancient kings -■ 
declare the past and present state of thingi>. 

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When first the Trojan fieei Ausonia ^ught, f, 

And iiovv the rivals lov'd, and how they Ibught. ,, . 
These are my iheuie, and how the war be-gaii* qrrjg,- 
And how concluded by the godlike man: , , an^wt 
For I shall smgof battles^ blood, and la^e, i.l.r,,,^,, 
Which princes and their "people did engage ; ' _.p 
And haughty souls, that, inov'd with mutual hate,]]^ 
In fighting fields pursu'd and found their faie ; -^^ 

That rous'd tl>e Tyrriiene realm with loud alarmi,r^ ',., 
And peaceful Italy invoiv''i in arms. 
A larger scene of action is displayed ; j n-r 

And, rising hence, a f(,ieater work is weighed, jjjj, ^y . 

Latin us, old and mUd, liad long possess^ ^^victf 9> 
The Latian sceptre, and his people bless'di ,smat i 
His father Faunus: a Laurentian dame ,^,,, 9^,,. 
Ffis mother ; fair Marica^ was her name. , ^ j 

Bui Faunus came from Picus : Picus drew 
His birth from Saturn, if recortis be true. ',, 

Thus king Latums, in the tliird degree, /,m#a.')! j v 

Had Saturn author of his family. j^jjj ,q.^ 

But this old peaceful prhice, as heav'n decreed, • j^„ 
Was bless'd with no male issue to succeed : ^,, . 

His sons in bloomiitg 3'outh were snatch'd by fate;,oi 
One only daughter heir'd the royal state. r,.,... ^^ 
F'jf'd with her love, and with ambitioii led, nuiit Jn ■ 
The neighb'ring princes court her nuptial bed.. ■.. j, 
Among the crowd, but far above the rest, , ,1 
Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addressed. -^ 
Turn us, for high descent and graceful mien, 
W^as first, and favoured by the Latian queen: ,{ 

Witti him she strxjve to join Lavinia's hand : ,} 

But dire portents the purpos'd match withstand. . , , 

Deep in the palace, of long growth, there stood r 
A laurel's trunk, a venerabl« wood ; ^j, 

W'here rites divine were paid; whose holy hair ^ 
Was kept and out with; wqaefMitiou^^caW; 
This planiv Latinu«) wb>6ii bis own town he wail*d. 
Then found, and from the tree Laurentium call'rl : 

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7t mrttis. 

And last, in honour of his rtew^aljode. 

He vowM the laurel to the laord's god. 

It happened onee, (a boding prod^ !) 

A swarm of bees, that cut the Mqtiid'sky, 

(Unknown from whence they tpok their airy IKght) 

Upon the topmost branch hri ckHids alight ; 

Tnere, with their clasping ftet, together «lung» 

And a long chister from the laurel bang. -' 

An ancient augur prophesied fi?om hei)C»? 

** Behold on LAtian snores a foreign prinee! 

From the same parts of beairen hte mvy statids, 

To the same parts- on earth : hi» army lands; 

The town he conquers, and thetow'r eommaads^'^- 

Yet more, when fahr Lavinia fed the ire 

Before the gods, and stood beside her ^ire,' ' • 

(Strange to relate !) the flatnesf inv^v*d in smoke 

Of incense, fi^onv the sacredaltar broke, 

Caught her dishevelled hair, and rich attire: 

Her crown and jew^ crackled i» the fiiet 

From thence the fuming trail began to spread, 

And lambent glertes'daiKfd abotfl her hea^. ' 

This new portent the seer with wonder views, 

Then pausing^ thus hi^ prgpheey naow st 

" The nymph, Wh» scatters flaming fires areund. 

Shall shine with hono«fr->-shal& he«e^'l)e oiowo*d; 

But, caus'd4>y her irrevocable fttav 

War shall the boantry waste, and change the state.** 

Latinus^ iHghted at this dire ostent^ 

Forcouns^ t»hi8^ther^aunas^»ent, > 

And sought the shttdes retMMVtt^dforpMfilMey, 

Which near Albunea*s sulph'rqus fbomain iie; 

To those the Latian and the Sabipe land- . < • 

Fly, when distressMf and therMie telief demand 

The priest on skins of off trings takes- bis ease^ 

And nightly visions in his slumber sees: 

A swarm of thin aerial shapes appears. 

And, fluttering round his temi>lea deafii Wis ears 

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These he consultf, tlie future iates to know,. 
From powers above, and Aom the fiends below. 
Here, for the god's advice l^nus flies, 
Qff*ring a hundred sbe^p for sacrifice: 
Their woolly fleeces, as tbe rites lequirM, 
He laid beneath hinvAod to rest retired. 
No sooner wemiiis etyes in slumber bound. 
When, iironi absve, a moie than mortal sound 
, Invades bis cam; and thus tbe vmon spoke : 
** Seek not, my aeedrift Latiaa bands to yoJie 
Our foir Lavinia, ner the gods ptovoke. 
A foreign son upon tbe sbof* descends^ 
Whose martial &nie from pole to pole extendfi. 
His race^ in armt and arts of peace renownM, 
Not Lallan shall coatain, not EufOpe bound : . 
*Tis theirs whai*er the urn suweys arovnd." 
These answers, in the silent night receiv'd. 
The king himself divuJg'd, the land believ'd ; 
The feme thtough aU the neiglib'aag iiatiotis flew. 
When now t'lie Tri^n -navy was in view. 

Beneath a shady tiee, the beio.spmad 
His table on the tuc^ with cakes of breads . 
And, wkh hieobiift, eu foiest fruits he M. 
Thersatt; and, (not without the sod** command 
Their homely feie despatch'd, the hungry band 
Invade theup tffencbes next» and soon devour 
To mend the scaa^r meal, their cakes of flour. 
Ascaniut this observed, and smiling said, 
*• See ! we devour thr plates on which .we fed.** 
The speeeh- had omen, that tbe Teoibui race . 
Should find eepoear and this the time aad place. 
J^neas took tlie woid^ and thus lepites :— 
(Coniessiiig ftte, with wonder in hi&eyes:) 
.'• All haH, O eaith ! all hail, my hous^oid gcxis ! 
Behold the destin'd place of yout abo<le8! 
For thus Anchises prophesied of old. 
And this our fatal p«ace of test foratcdd t 

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' When, on a foreign shore, instea.i of meat, ' '''' 

Bv famtrte forcM, your trenchers you sHhU eat, 'J 

Then ease your weary Trojans will attend, "j ' '"' 

And the lon;^ labours 6f your vbyage end. ^' :0 

Renicniber on that htippy coast to build : ■ t^*" f 

And with a trench efir;|6se the fruitful field.* '* * *^ 

This was that faniinie, this the fatal place, '■'- ••* 

Which ends the Wiud'ring of our "exird i^ce. •"" ^f 
Then, on to-morrow*s dawn, your care etnpby *: ^l 
To search the land, and where the cities lie, "■• »' '* 
, And what the ineli : lynl give this d&v to joy. n/ 1 >H i 
Nor pour to Jove ; and,hfter Jove is hlest^ rtn**) A 

Call great Anchi^-e^ to the genral feast : ■•*^''' • • 

Crown high the gohtets witli a cheerful drauslht. ' • 

Enjoy the present hour ; afljourn the future th'OOgHl." " 

Thus having said, the hero lioiind his hfO\\'s " • ' ' 
With leafy branches, then perfonn'd his vows ; ' '^ ■•* '^ 
Adorning first the genius of the place, "" ''''** 

Then Eatth,th6 mother of the hftav»nly race, 
The nymphs, and native godheads yet uiikt.own. '•' 
And Night, and all the stars that gild her ^abl6 throite, 
And ancient Cybel, and Idieaii Jove, < 

And last his 6t're bdow, and mother-tiueen ahidve. 

Then heaven's high mrtiarcli thunder'd thrice aloud ; 
And thrice he shotik aloft a golden «loud. 
Soon throng the joyful camp a rumour flfeW, 
The time was corne their city to i-enev*^. ' 

Tiien ev'ry brow with cheferfill greSn is crowliM; ^ 
The feasts are doubled, and the bowls go roiiiwi, : ■ '" ' 

V/hen neJct the rosy morn disclos'd the dayv ^* '»••' 
The scouts to sev'ral parts ni"ide thetr way, '■ "'• '■'"' 
To learn their natives' nahies, their towns explorts, *. 
The coast, and tendings of the crooked shore t *] 

Here Tyher flows, and" here Numicus staflds ; - '> "'"■ 

Here warlike Latins hold the happy lands. f)ti-/kf? 

The pious chief who sought by peaceful wafUrf' i'*'^ 
To found his eirtJ^Yre, and his town to raisfc, ''J hrt*^ 

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A hundred ^ouUn frotn i^ his train aeMetii 
And to the Latian court tfasir course dimctt, 
(The spacious palace where their prince reeidev 
And all their heads with iwieaths of alive hides. 
To go coinniissiaii''d-^ vequiie A peaoe^ 
AnocEurry presentt^toravoCBre aoccea^ 

Thus while tiiey apeed Uwir pace, the prinoe deAgiM 
The new-ekctea geatrBod dretw^ the lines. 
The Trojans round tlW pl«ee a rampire 0Mit» 
And palisades about the benches pIflcM. 

Meantime the traia^ praoeedin^ on ttieir way, 
From for th« town and iofty toWrs euvVi^ ; 
At length approach the walls. W^oot Ihe gMte, 
They see the.b<iys aed Latisn youth debate 
The martial prizes Mi/the dusty pteitfi t 
Some drive the cars« and eome the co«rMf!aMb; 
Some bend the stabbom bow fbr vtotofy *, 
And some with darts ^imir active m&ws (yy. 
A posting messenger, despatched from heno*, 
Of this foif troop <advi8*d thehrftgdd prtnce. 
That -foreign mem bf mighty 8tfltui«,-«a»f«e ; 
Uncouth their habit, md imknowii-iheir Mrtid. 
Tiie king ofdaint tbeihr emrancev and McetfMi 
His regal seat, sutroimded by h#6 fHeiMk, 
The palace built iiy Pious, viist and proud^ 
Su prorted by a biiAdi«d pillare stood. 
Ana round encompassM with atibhig woo<l 
The pilpo^riook'd tlw tidWh, ttnd dww the ti^it« 
Surprised at onea withflivVetioe wnrd deli^ 
There kings reeetv^ the miutfl of sbV^Migti pMr^tt 
In state the mofiavehisvnavblfdv^h^ Keiofs bdiw 
Their awful axes and the^todi beifore. 
Here the tribunal stood, «he h^ifse of ^y^frt 
And here the «aibred ifimtMs rapalr ; 
AU at large tables, in kfn| w6tt set« 
A ram their ofTriitg, nnd a ram their wetn. 
Above the portal, carv\l in cedar wood. 
riac*d in their raniis, their godlike grandsires stood—- 

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Old Saturn, with fais crooked scythe, on h^* 

And Italus, that led the colony ; 

And anciCDt Janus, with his double face, 

And bunch of keys, the porter of the place. 

There stood SaMous, planter of the vines: 

On a short pruning-book his head reclines. 

And studiousfy surveys fais gen'rous wines; 

Then warlike kings, who for their country fought. 

And honourable wounds from battle brought. 

Around the posts, bung helmets, darts, and qxart*. 

And captive chariots, axes, shields^ and bars, 

And broken beaks of ships, the trophies of ilttsir waia 

Above the rest, as Cbief of all the band, 

Was Pious placM ; a buckler in his hand , 

His other wavM a long divining wand. 

Girt in his Gabine gown the hero sate, 

Yet could not with his art avoid his fate* 

For Circe long had lovM the youth in vaia. 

Till love, refused, converted to disdain : 

Then, mixing powerful herbs, with ma^ arty 

She changM his &>rm, who could not Ghan&e hi» ^^eart ; 

Constrain*4l bin) in a bird, and made him fly, 

With party-colour'd plumes, a^hi^'riog pte. 

In this high temple, on acbair of. state, 

Tlie seat of audience, old Latinus sate ; 

Then gave admission to the Trojan urafai; 

And thus, withpleasing accents lie began: 

*♦ Tell me, ye Trojans— for that name you own, 

Nor is your course upon our coasts unknown*- 

Say what you seek, and whither were you bo^M*-^ 

Were you by stress of weather cast ag^round ? > 

(Such dangers of the sea are often seen. 

And of% beiall to miserable men ;) 

Or come your shipping in our ports to lay> 

Spent and disabled in so long a way ? 

Say what you want: the Latians you shall find 

Not forced to goodnesft, but by will inctin'd ,* 

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JBNEI9* 77 

For since the time of Satura*ft holy reign, 

His hospitable customs vre retain : 

I ,'.ali to mind, (but time the tale has worn) 

Th» Aurunci tow, that Oard^nus, though born 

Oil Latian plains, yet sought the Phrygian show. 

And Samothracia, Samos ealPd heibre. 

Fnim Tuscan Corythum he claimM his birth : 

Bu'l after, when exempt from mortal earth, 

From thence ascended to his kindred skies, 

A god, and, as a god, augments their sacrifice.^ 

He said.— Ilioneus made this reply: 

O king, of Faunus* ro^yal family ! 

Nor wintry winds to Lattum forc'd otir way. 

Nor did the stars our wandering course betray. 

Willing wo sought your chores ; and, hither bound, 

The port so long desir'd, at length we found ; 

From our sweet homes and ancient realms exptdlM ^ 

Great as the greatest that the sun beheld. 

The god began onr line, who roles above ; 

And, as our race, our king descends from Jove; 

And hither are we come by his command, 

I'o crave admission in your happy land. 

How dire a tempest from Myceiwe pourM, 

Our plains, our temples, and our town, devout'd j 

What was the waste of war, wnat fierce alarrAs 

Shook Asia's «rown with European anns; 

E*en such have heard, if any such there be. 

Whose earth is bounded by the firozen sea; 

And such as, bom beneath tlte homing sky 

And sultry sun, betwixt the tropics Ke* 

From that dire deluge, through the wat'ry waste, 

(Such length of years, such various perils past) 

At last escaped, to Latium we )repair, ^ 

To b^ what you without your want may spare- 

The com moti water, and the common air ; 

Sheds which ourselves will build, and mean abodes. 

Fit to receive and serve our banish*d gods. 

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7^ ji^umfB. 

Nor our adniissiom ^^U, yiwt. VMim djsgm(;«. 
Nor length ol time our gri^M^f^ efiae«-^ 
Besides what eodlo^Jaouoji^ yqu sh^ll gain* 
To save ai\d fihelter, Tros^'Sf j^lwppy tirain. 
Now, by vaj soy'reign, a^d bis^juij I sweai-^ 
BenowM for faith uoi i^mcfit. ^ 6dSG^. in wa^r-^ 
Oft our alliaoqe otheir laHd«i^esii;*4, 
And what we seek of you,, of ms i:3qu|(*d. 
Despise not then, Uiat iniOuthaiWs we b^a^r 
These holy boug^ and SM^ wiU»..wocdfi <»£ prfg^lr 
Fate and the gods, by tbeiff supreiip«.€Qiwu«ni^ 
Have doom'd our ships to seek tb» l^H^Di l^nd. , 
To these abodes, ou& fleet A,|ioUo send$ v 
Here DardanuB wa&bQro,aiKl hUUer tends^; 
Where Tu^au Tybarrolls:W4th ra^ loKce* , 
And where Numicus opesins holy 'source. 
Besides, our prince pr9p<»^s», vfiik his ceque^t* 
Some small remain of what bis aiaie^ pQSsess'd. 
This golden cbafgWi,6iwit©ji!«iMi^Ti»y,. 
Anchises.di4 intSa^rr^O'^t^plt^y : 
This royal robe and thig tiara wor^ 
Old Priam, ancf tbistgc^deo: sceptce, bctfe». 
In full assemblie^i ^^ m SQlemn garne^.* 
These piUE^i^ v«st^w^-w«a^M by I)aj:dau,dai»«.'* 

Thus wJEmIs' he^ spoke« Latiouft rpUrd. ikwumi 
His eyes, and fi7L'd,a^<hi)e'Upon.thQ;g^un4., 
Intent he seeiiv*d,.s^)d,an:«^iou&jn his breast; 
Not by the sceptre moy^^r of^ kinglj" vest, 
But pondering, £tUure tbi/ogs, of w^ndVouft weigbjt^ 
Succession, empire^ and his d«ugluer*8 fate. 
On these l>en«ie-d. within his tUowghtfuLmiud*;, 
And then revoly?^ whatKaunus had divin'd. 
This was the foreign pjrince, by fatedecoeed, 
To share b^s sc^^tve,!an4 Iravinia<*s bed ; 
This was the ra^ft thatsure>p«9X)tent6 foresbew 
To sway tbB> world, atvd land and seast^KUi^. , 
At length he raised hiS;Che«r/ul lioad, and spoke i , 
** The powers," said he, " the powVs we both invoke. 

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To you, andjpiM^ f^n4i^tne,p«)pUi9U9 be» 

Ann firm our piirposfr with OMJf augury I 
Have what you ask: your presents I receive; 
Land where and when you pleasp, \\;ith ample, leave: 
Partake and use my kingdom, aa your, own: 
All shall be 5'ours wliile I comuiamd the crowru 
And, if my wish'd alliance pleaiie your king, 
Tell hisn he shpuld not send Uie pea^e, but bring^: 
Then let hiiu not a friend's ewibraces feac: , , .. 
The peace is made when I behold him here^ , ,^ ,' 
Ke sides this answer, tell my royaj guest, , . t 

I add to his com mauds, my own request: - ',^ 

Only one daug^t^r beii:s,ray, crown, and state, ■ , ." 
Whom not our oracles, nor beav^i, nor fate,. ,,'^ 
Nor frequent prpiikieii, permit, to join ^^] 

With any native of th' Ausoaian linp.. '^ . ','^ 

A foreign soiirin-lavv shall cpme from, far, , ;:♦'* ^, , , ' 
(Such is our doom) a chief renown'd in war, .', , , 
Whose race s^adi bear alpft iha Lapap ujaijiev 
And through the couquer'd world diffuse out f^M^* 
Himself to be tha inan the faj.Qs require,^ 
I firmly judge, and, vvii^t I jqdge, desire.*' .,,... 
He said, and then on aaph btstow'd a sti^qd. .i^.j^^ »* 
Three hundred horses, m high stables fed, ^\ ^'k., -,^ 
Stood ready^ shuung all, euid smoothly, dre!fS*4jU,r-, ',., 
Of these hexhose the fairest and tb^.be^t, , J ,^. .^J 
To mount the Trojan troop. At, his commaiiq^**, , 
The steeds capajison'd with purple stand, V ,'**',■ , 

With golden trappings, glorious to bo hold, .' V 

And champ betwixt their teeth the foaming gold,, 
Then to his absent guest the king decreed 
A pair of coursers born <^f, he,c^.v.'njy breed, , ^* 

W no from their nostrils, brea^h^d elherial ^i*(e4, , J ', 
Whom Circe stole, from btijr. celestial sire, " ,' ' ,'' 

By substituting mares.protlucVliOxi earth, ", 

Whose wombs conceiv'd a more than morxal birth. ' .' 
These drawf, tl^ft QliariQt wjijch L^ajLinus sQpds,:^ 
And tlie rich pie^nt to the prince. cppnmp.nda,,. 1 .■ 

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80 £N£». 

Sublime on stately steeds the Trojans bonie, ' ' 

To their expectip- ' ' ' -iir.R r- ai. 

But jealous Juno, iVoui i'aciiywui'' ixij^ht, ' 

As She from Argos took her airy flight, 

B»3held, with envious eyes, thrs hateful sight. 

She saw the Trojan and his joyful train 

Descend upon the shore, desert the main. 

Design a town, and, with unliop'd success, 

Th' ambassadors return with promised peace. 

Then, piercM with pain, she shook her haugiity head, 

Sigh'd from her inward soul, and thus she said: 

•* 6 hated offspring of my Phrygian foes ! 

fetes of Troy, which Juno's fates oppose^ 
Could they not fall un pitied on the plain, "■ • 
But, slain, revive, and taken, 'scape agahV? *' *• ' 
When execrable Troy in ashes lay, ■ . • 
Through fires and swords and seas they fort^ theii ' 

Then vanquished Juno must in vain contend, 
Her rage disarrii'd, her empire at an end t 
Breatliless and tir'd, is all my fury spent ? 
Or does my glutted spleen at length relent? 
As if 'twere little from their town to chase, 

1 through the seas pursu'd their exil'd race : 
Engag'd the heav'ns, oppos'd the stormy main : - 
But billows roar'd, and tempests rag'd in vain. 
What have my Scyllas and my Syrtes done, 
When these they overpass, and those they shun? 
On Tyber's shores they land, secure of fate, 
Triumphant o*er the storms of Juno's hate ! 
Mars could in mutual blood the Centaurs bathe; ' 
And Jove himself gave way to Cynthia's wi-ath, ' 
Who sent the tusky boar to Calydon ? 

(What great offence had either people done ?) 
But I, the consort of the Thunderer ' * ' 
Have wag'd a long and unsuccessful war,' *' ' ' 
With various arts and arms in vain have toiPd";"' 
And by a mortal man at length am (bil'd ! 

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Cf native jpow'r prevail not, shall I doubt 

To seek lor needful succour firom vitiiout? 

If Jove and heav*n my iust desires deny. 

Hell shall the pow'r of beav'p and 4ove mpply^ 

Grant that the Fates, hpivefinn*d, by their de(;re6 

The Troian race to reign in Itglys : 

At least I can de^ the. nuptial day. 

And, with prouacted wars, the peace delav: ' | 

With blood the dear alliance siiall be bought, 

And both the people near destructioti brought. ,* . 

So shall the son-ii>-law and father join, 

With ruii]^ war, and waste of either tine, .„ , 

O fatal maid ! thy marriage is endow'd 
With Plirygian, Latian, and Rutulian blood I 
Beilona leads thee to thy lover's hand : 

Another queen brings forth another brand, 

I'o bum with foreign fires another land i 

A second Pans, dift'nng but in name, ' 

Shall fire his country with a second flame." 
Thus having said, she sinks beneath the grourwl, ' . ' 

With furious iiaste, and shoots the Stygian sound 

To rouse Alecto from th' infernal seat ' 

Of her dire sisters, and their dark retreat, 

This Fury, fit for her Intent, she chose , 

One who delights in wars, and human woes. 

E*cn Pluto hates his own mis-shapen race ; 

Her sister Furies fly her hideous face ; ,' 

So frightful are the forms the monster takes. 

So fierce the hissings of her speckled snakes. 

Her Juno finds, and thus inflames her spite - 

" O virgin daughter of eternal Night, 

Give me this once thy labour, to sustain 

My right, and execute my just disdain. 

Let not the Trojans, witli a feign'd pretence 

Of profi^'d peace, delude the Latian prince 

Expel firom Italy that odious name. 

And let not Juno suffer in her fame. 

VOL II. 6 . 

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. I'd'- 


♦Tis thine to riiin realms, o'enurn a slate, 

Betwixt the dearest friends to raise debate, 

And kindle kindred Wood to mutual hate. 

Thy hand o'er towns the fun'ral torch displays 

And forms a thousand ills ten thousand ways. 

Now shake, from out thy fruitful breast, thes^da 

Of envy, discord, and of cruel deed«: ^'t 

Confound the peace established, «nd jsrepate ^ '>• 

Thtir souls to hatred, and their harids to wm- 

Smeared as she was with black Gorgonean blood. 

The Fury sprang above the Stygian flood : 

And on her wicker win^s, sublime tbrough -night, 

She to the Latian palace look her flight : 

There sought the queen's apartment, stood belore 

The peaceful threshold, and besieg'-d the door. 

Restless Amata lay, her swell mg breast 

Fir*d with disdain ibr Tttruris dispossess ri, 

And the newnupth».ls of the Trojan guest 

From her bladk otoorty locks the Fury shaken 

Her darling plague, the fav'rite of her snakes; 

With her full force she threw the -pois'iwus d»H, ■ 

And fixM it deep withhi Amala's heart, 

That, thus envenom'd, she might kmdie rage, 

And sacrifice to strife iier house and Injsband Rage. 

Unseen, uufelt, the fiery serpent sknns 

Betwixt her linen and het naked bmbs. 

His baneful breath, inspiring as l^e glides. 

Now like a chain around her neck he ridw. 

Now like a fiUei to her head rejmirs, 

And with his circling volumes lolds her hairs. 

At first the silent venom slid with ease. 

And '^eiz'd her cooler senses by degiees • 

Then, ere th'infected mass was fir'd too tei, 

In plaintive accents she began the war, ' 

And thus bespoke her husband:" Shall," she sa.a, 

'« A wand'ring prince enjoy Lavinia s bed 

rf nature plead not in a parent^ heart. 

Pity mv ipars. and pity her desert. »** -** 

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AKEIJ. 83 

I know my clearest lord, ihe time willcoinc, 

You would, m vain reverse your cruel dooai. 

The foithles9 pirate soon wlU^et to sea. 

And bear the royal virgin iar.away ! 

A guest like him^a Trojan guest beforat, 

In show of friendship sought the Spartan shore. 

And rarish*d Helen from her husband bent. 

Think on a kine's inviolable word ; 

And think un Turnus, her once plighted lorcL 

To this false foreigner you give your throne, 

And wrong a friend, a kinsman, and a son. 

Resume your ancient care; and, if the god, 

Your sire^and you, resolve on foreign blood. 

Know all are foreign, in a larger sense. 

Not born your subj^ts or deriv'd from hence. 

Then, if the line of Turnus you retrace. 

He springs iromlracus of Ajgive race. " 

But, when she saw her .reasons idly spent, 

And could not move him from his nx*d iutenu 

She flew to rage ; for now the snake possessed 

Her vital parts, and poisonM all her breast 

She raves, she runs with a distracted pace. 

And fills, with hoaid bowls, the puolic placa. 

And, as young striplings whip the top for sport, 

On the smooth pavement of an empty court,; 

The wooden engine flies and whirls about, 

Admir'd, with clamours, of the beardless rout ; 

They lajsb ailoud ; each other they provoke. 

And lend their little souls at ev*iy stroke : 

Thus fares the queen ; and thus her fury blon^t 

Amidst the crowd, and kindles as she goes. 

Not yet content, she strains her malice more, 

And adds new ills to those oontriv'd before: 

She flies tlaetown,iand, mixing with the tltfoiia 

Of madding matrons, bears the bride along, 

Wand'cing through woodsandwUds and devious wayt. 

And with these arts the Trqjan jnaioh delajis. 

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84 MKEin, 

She feigiiM the rites of Ba^ xshtis ; cried aloud, 
And to the buxom god the vii^in vow^d . 
** Evoe ! O Bacchus!" thus began the song ; 
And ** Evoe!" answerM all the female throng, 
" O virgin, worthy thee alone !" she cried ; 
«» O worthy thee alone !" the crew replied. 
" For thee she feeds her hair, she leads thy dauc*, 
And with thy winding ivy wreaths her lance." 
^ Like fury seizM the rest: the progress known, 
All seek the mountains, and forsake the town : 
All clad in skins of beasts, the javelin bear. 
Give to the wanton winds their flowing hair ; 
And shrieks and shoutings rend the suffVing air. 
The queen herself, inspirM with rage divine. 
Shook high above her head a flaming pine. 
Then rolrd her haggard eyes around the throng, 
And suns, in Tiirnus* name, the nuptial songt 
** Id ! ye Latian dames, if any here 
Hold your unhappy queen, Amata, dear; 
If there be herof'* she said, ** who dare maintain 
My right, nor think the name of mother vain ; 
Unbind ^our fltlets, loose your flowing hair, 
And orgies and nocturnal rites prepare." 
Amata's breast the Fury thus invades, 
And fires with rage, amid the sylvan shades. 
Then, when she found her venom spread so fiur,. 
The royal house embroird in civil war, 
RaisM on her dusky wings she cleaves the skies, 
And seeks the palace w-here young Turnus lies. 
His town as fame reports, was built of old 
By Danae, pregnant with almichty gold. 
Who fled her fkther*s rage, atid, with a train 
Of following Argives, through the stormy main, • 
Driv'n by the soutiiern blasts, was iat^ hisrt to 
*Twa8 Ardua once: now Ardea's fiame it bears { 
Once a fair cky, now consamM with years. 

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£NEIS. B6 

Here, in his lofty palace, Tamus lay, 

Betwixt the confines of the night and day, 

Secure in sleto.— The Fury laid aside 

Her looks and limbs, and with new methods tried 

The foulness of the infernal form to hide. 

Propped on a stafl^ she takes a trembling mien : 

Her face i» furrowed, and her front obscent ; 

Deep-dinted wrinkles on her cheeks she dravs ; 

Sunk are Iwreyes, and toothless are her jaws; 

Her hoary hair with holy filkris bound, 

Her temples with an otive wreath are crowned. 

Old Chalybe who kept the sacred fane 

Of Juno, now site seem'd, and thus began, 

Appearing in a dream to rouse the caress man. 

** Snail Tumus then such endless toils sustain 

In fighting fi^s, and conquer towns in vain ? 

Win, for a Tra}an head to wear the prise. 

Usurp thy crown, enjoy thy victories ? 

The bride and eceptre, which thy blood has iMUght, 

The king transfers ; and foreign heirs are sought ! 

Go now, deludeil man, and seek again 

New toils, new datigers, on the dusty plain ! 

Repel the Tuscan foes ; their city seize ; 

Protect the Latiane in luxurious ease ! 

This dream all-powerful Juno sends; I bear 

Her migb^ manda^s ; and her words you hear. 

Haste ! arm 3rour Ardeans; issue to the plain ; 

IVith faith to friend, assault the Trojan tram : 

Their thoughtless chiefs ; their painted ships that li« 

In Tyber's mouth, with fire and sword destroy. 

The Latian king, unless he shall submit, 

Own his old promise, and his new forget — 

Let him, in arms,* the pow*r of Tumus prove. 

And learn to fear whom he disdains to love. 

For such is heaven's command." — The youthful princa 

With ceom replied, and made ihis bold defence : 

•* You tell me, mother, what I knew before. 

The Phrygian flept is landed on the shore. 

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I neither tear nor will provoke the war » 

My fate is Juno's most peculiar cnre^ 

But time has made you dote, and vainly tsU 

Of aniig imagined in your lonely celK 

Cio ! be the temple and the gods your eaies 

Termii to men ine thought of peaiee and wan 

These haughty words Alecto's rage prafvekv; 
And frigiited^TutYHJs trembled as she spoke. 
Her eyes grow siii{bn*d, and w4tfc snlphur-bimft ; 
Her hideous looks^and hetHiH form return v 
Her curling snakes witit hissings fiU the ptaioer 
I And open all the furies of her face: ^ 

Then, darting fi)« fhmi her malignant e^sv 
She cast- him t>ackwarda as he strove to rise* 
And, ling^rins, sought to frame some new rmlies. 
High on her head she rears two twisted snaxeee 
Her chains she rattles^ and her whip the shalfes-; 
And, churning bloody loam, thus loadlf speaks: 
** Behold whom time hag made to dote, and tell 
Of arms imagined in her lonely cell ! 
Uehold the Fates' infernal minister! 
War, death, destruction, in my" hand Ibeajr." 
1 hus having said, her smouldering tMrch, impres^d' 
With her full force, she plun^d into his breasti 
Aghast he wak*H. and staiting* fkmi his bed; 
Cold sweat, in clammy drops, his limbs o'erspwaH. 
*• Arms! arme !** he cries: " my sword and shield pfo- 

He bveathes defiance, blood, andmor^ war. 
So, when with crackling flames a caMion frtet, 
The bubbling waters^ frwn the^ bottom rise : 
Above the brims they force their fiery way; 
Black vapours climb aloft, anddoud theday. 

The peace polluted thus, a chosen band: 
He first commissions to the Latiaxi land, 
In thrcat*ning embassy ; then rais'd-the resr, 
To meet in arms th intrading Trojan guest; 

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To force ififc^rtte% fttflti ih* Lflt^nitfh liiftsi^ 
And Italy's etldknger'd peftce tt^tdtt. 
Hiniself edone afn «c^&t niaftch-h« bosstft, 
To fight the Phrygrart wtM AttsoWlafn hostsr. 
The gods invok*df thte RutUli pirepave 
Their wrmsi Mxi wtttweaoft dtheirtt»ih« Avafr." 
His beauty these; ftM4 Ihoae his blbommg age, 
The reet^ hfe-hcMiMiMid his own flim« eiigase. 

While Tuftmi tiiiges thus his enterprise, 
The StygilM fXirt t^ the Troths fli«8 ; 
New frauds inmts, and takes a sM^epy stikttd, 
Which ovMtooksthf vale with wide comn>an<f ; 
Where finr AsdakMtts-and hi» youthful traiii, 
With horns Shd homitis, a hunting match ordtiht, 
And pitch tbeiirtdilsAmuiKl the shitdy ptttih. 
The Fury iratrthfrpaM; they snuff, they ^At, 
And feed thehr hiAigry nost^^ wilh the A;«itl ' 
'Twas of a w«lhgrown stag, whosfe and«!f^ ilW " 
High o*er bis firent^ Ms beams invade th^ tfktesL 
Prom this light cause, th* infernal maid piepkrM' 
The country charts to mischief, hate^, and watf 

The statefy bewM the two Tyrrhids bt«d, 
SnatcbM froii>hWdam, and the tameyoiirtgHAjg'ftfd. 
Their fttherTynheus did his foddef bring, 
Tyrrbeus, chief raiigev tb the Lfltian king: 
Their tieiei!' Silvia chelidbM With her calto 
The little waitton, and did wreaths inrep«re 
To hang hi^ budding tionis: with ribandfl^k^ 
Hi»tettdW neck* andeomb^d his silken hide; 
And bath'd»Mt4iio#f*. Patient of cominatid 
In time he grew, and growing, u^d-to'httid, 
He waited at his' Master's beaid for food'; 
Then soCighil hi* s«vi^ kindied in the wood, 
Where gtazing al the day, at night he Came 
To his kaowd lodging^ and his country dame. 
This faMieehold bMutj that us*d the woodland frotindi. 
Was view*d at- fi rat by the young liero*8 hounds^ 

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tf8 MffElS. 

As down the stream he swam, to seek retreat 

In the cool waters, and to quench his heat. 

Ascanius, young, and eager of hia game. 

Soon bent his bow, uncertain in his aim : 

But the dire fiend the fatal arrow guides, 

Which pierc'd his bowels through bis panting sideg. 

The bleeding creature issues froiu the floods, 

possess' d witli fear, and seeks his known abodes, 

His old familiar hearth, and housebold gods. 

He falls ; he fills the house with heavy groans, / .^ 

Implores their pity, and his pain bemoJins. 

Voung Silvia beats her breast, and cries aloud 

For succour from the clownish iveighbourhood ; 

The churls assemble ; for the fiend who lay 

In the close woody covert, utg^d their way. 

One with a brand yet burning from the flame, 

Arm'd with a knotty club another came ; 

What*erthey catch or find, without their care. 

Their fury makes an instrument of war. 

Tyrrheus, the foster-father of the l)east, 

rhenclench'd a hatchet in bis horny fist, , 

But held his hand from the descending stroke, 

And left his wedge within the cloven oak, 

To whet their courage, aivd their rage provoke. 

And now the goddess, exercised in ill, 

Who watch'd an hour to work her jmpious will, 

Ascends tiie roof, and to her crooked horn, 

Sucb as was then by Latian sheplierds borne, 

Adds all her breath. The rocks and woods arouiKly. 

And mountains tremble at th^ infertial sound. 

Tbe sacred lake of Trivia from afar. 

The Veline fountains, and sulphureous Nar. 

Shake at the baleful blast, the signal of tbe war. 

Young mothers wildly stare, with fear posscssM, . 

And strain their helpless infants to their breast. 

Tbe clowns, a boisterous, rude, ungovernM crew, 
With turious haste to {he loud suiuninnsi dew. 

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The powers of* Troy, thehHissimig on ihe plain, 

With fresh recrtiits tfteir youthftil ohief sustain * 

Not theirs a raw and une^tperiene^d train, ; 

But a firm body of embattled men. 

At first, while fortune ftivout*d neither side, 

The fight with dubis and burning biands wasttl\jd 

But now, both paitiee reinforced, the fields 

Are bright with flaming swords and braKen shields 

A shining harvest either host displays, - < ** * 

And shoots against the -sun ^itlr equal rays. 

Thus when a Black-tnrow*d gust^begtns to rise. 
White foam at first on the curPd ocean fries ; 
Then roars the main, the billows mount the skies ; 
Till, by the fury of tlje storm full blown, 
The muddy bottom o'er the clouds is thrown. 

First Almon falls, old Tyrrheus' eldest care, 
Pierc'd with an arrdw from the distant war: 
FixM in his throat the flying weapon stood, 
And stopp'd his breath, and drank his vital blood. 
Huge heaps of slain around the body rise: 
Among the rest, the rich Galesus lies; 
A good old man, while peace he preach'd in vain, 
Amidst the madness of th' unruly train : 
Five herds, five bleating flocks, his pastures fiU'd \ 
His lands a hundred yoke of oxen lillM. 
Thus, while in equal scales their fortune stood, 
The Fury bath'd them in each other's blood ; 
Then, having fix'd the fight, exulting flies. 
And bears fulfilled her promise to the skies. 
To Juno thus she speaks: " Behold ! 'tis done ; 
The blood already drawn, the war begun ; 
The discord is complete ; nor' can they cease 
The dire debate, nor you command the peace. 
Now, since the Latian and ttie Trojan brood 
Have tasted vengeance, and the sweets of blood ; 
Speak, and my power shall add this office more: 
'I he neighboring nations of ih' Ausonian shore 

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90* JCNfil^ 

-Shall hear the dreadful rumoui-, from afar,. ^^ .»,( 
Of arin'd invasion, and embrace tha war." ^| \^ 

Then Juno thus: " The grateful work is.done^ i,j|| |< 
The seeds of discord sowM, the. war begun : „i ^., j. • 
Frauds, fears^and fury, have possessed the stal«»^..;, , 
And fix'd the causes of a lasting hate. ^ i<t^rl ti. 
A bloody Hymen shall th' alliance join ^^„^ ^yj^^^ j; 
Betwixt the Tfojau and Ausonian line : ,, ?/ -tt^id a. 
But thou with speed to night and hell rep^ur;, ,jf,^fuii 
For not the gods, nor angry Jove, will bear ^^,^^ \^. 
Thy lawless wand'ring walks in upper air. , ^,;,tT 

Leave what remains to me." Saturn ia said : . ^ 
The sullen iiend her sounding wings display M,,,^ ,,.^, 
Unwilling left the light, and sought the nether s)y»||j|.,i^ 

In midst of Italy, well known to fame, „^,,, \,^ . 

There lies a lake (.Amsanclus is the imme> ^ j^„';^ 
Below the lofty mounts: on either side ^ ,.^,UiW h*vA 
Thick forests the forbidden entrance hide^|,,^ ,-y' i/^ • 
Full in the centre of the sacred wood, * >• — ,., >, 
An arm arises of the Stygian flood,. ,, • 

Which, breaking from benealli with bellowiu^souui^ 
Whirls the black waves and rattling stones aruiiiit^j^,^ 
Mere Pluto pants for breath from out his cell, . ,^i,j' 
AndopenR wide the grinning jaws of helL ^.^ 

To this infernal lake the Fury flies ; ! ,. 

Here hides her hated head, and frees the Iftb^r^j^g;, bk ie*-. 
Saturn ian Juno now with double care, , 

Attends tiie fatal process of the wax. 
The clowns, return'd from battle, bear the slain ►,, ,. 
Implore the gods, and to their king complain. , [^j,,^ . 
The corpse of Almon, and tlie rest are shown -.^yyiA y 
Shrieks, clamours, murmurs, fill the frighted town. 
Ambitious Turnus in the press appears, . . , 

And, aggravating crimes, augments their fears ; 
Proclahns his private injuries aloud, 
A solemn promise made, and disavowed ; 
A foreign son is souglii,and a niix'd mongrel brood. , 

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JENfilS. 91 

Then tbeyi whtRtf mmhfltrs^fhfmte with tlMBir Ite^ 
In woods and wilds the fla^ of BacdMW bofr; 
And lead liiffdflneev with dnbeveHTd hair, 
Increase tbd olaineor, aiiddiv war demand^' 
(Such was Amata-8 int'iesr in the land) 
Against the publie sancdon* of the poBcc^ 
A«iinstadt<MiMii9of tbairflleUGcaic. 
With fiites avelM-fthe mot hi- arms lesort^- > 
To force tbeie numttceh, and insult tfae-oottrt.- 
But, like a rock vnrno^di'a rack thfttbrawi' 
The raging tempest add therislti^ wat«»«4«.> 
Propp'd on himself h0 stand* t his solid sidnr 
Wash off the seiUMeeds^ and the totinding t t dafc * - 
So stood the pious'prince anniovM^and long: 
Sustained the maHYiessof the tioisjrdirong. 
But, wheif her feand thaMT JunO^ pow*r)pre?aitfti^' 
And all the metltoda-of cobl cotmcil ftiirdy 
He calls tbegods to witues» their oflfonee^ 
Disclaims the war, asieKs bik-iimooeni*; 
•• Hurried b^ fate,**^ heories, "and bome-beiwe ' 
A furious wmd, we'leav«th«feithfut«hofe! 

more than: madmen Vy<M vmselv^r ehaHMien 
The guilt of blooil atfd'saerileniMiB war; 
Thou, Turnup 8halt>fltono it by thy fiite. 

And pray to heaven ior peaoev bbe pc»f toei ^f^% 
For me, ivy stDnny Tdyageat aofendv 

1 to the port of deaib 'securely (end. 

T*he fun W pomp wMshit^TOQirkingryair^payv 
Is adi'l want, aiKh aft yiMii take away.* 
He said no more^ b«t, ito iiis itmS^ ctmfin'd^ 
Shut out^the wtite which he too^weH divSn*d;* 
Nor with the ifenig eiDrni would vainly strive^ 
But left the beknv and^hetthe vessd drirs. 
A solemn castom Wfts observ*t^ of oldv 
Which Latium held^ and now the Romaii»hold« 
1 leir standardcwben in ^;htin^fiekis they rear 
Aitiinst the fierce fiynninianiijOi' declare 
r>« Scythian) Indian, or Arabian war-— 

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92 jENeis. 

Or fVoin the boasting Parthians would regain 

Their eagles lost, in CarrsB's bloody plain. 

Two gates of steel (the name of Mars they bati^ 

And still are worshippM with religioils fear) 

Before his temple stand,the dire i^xxte. 

And the fearM issues of the furious god. 

Are fenced with brazen bolts; without the gales, 

The warv gaurdian Janus doubly waits. 

Then, when the sacred •senate votes the war% 

The Roman consul their decree declares. 

And in his robes the sounding gates unbars. 

The youth in military shouts arise. 

And the loud trumpets break the yielding stues^ . 

These rites, of old by sov'reign pnnces us'd. 

Were the king^s ofifce : but the king refus'd, 

Deaf to their cries, nor would the gates unbar 

Of sacred peace, or loose tn* imprisoned war \ 

But hid his head, and safe from loud alarms, 

AbhorrM the wieked ministry of arms. 

Then heaven's imperious queen sliot down from high ; 

At her approach the bracen binees fly ; 

The gates are forc'd, and ev*ry mllmg bar ; 

And, like a tempe«t, issues out the war. 

The peaceful cities of tb* Ausonian shore, 

LullM in their ease, and undisturbed befoftf. 

Are all on fire ; and some, with studious care^ 

Their restive steeds in sandy plains prepare ; 

Some their soft bmbs hi pain&il marclies try, 

And war is all th^ wish, and arms their general cr]^ 

Part scour their rusty shields with seam ; and part ^ 

New grind the bhmled axe, and point the dartt 

With joy they view the waving ensigns fly, 

And hear the trumpets clangour pierce the sky* 

Five cities forge theii arms— th* Atinian pow'o, 

AntemniB, Tibier with her lofly towers 

Ardea the proud, the Crustumerian town. . 

All these of old were places of renown. 

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£Ne:is. 93 

Some hammer nemiets for the fighting fiehl ; 
Some twine young sallows to support the shield ; 
The corslet some, and some the cuishes mouldy 
With silver plated, and with ductile gold. 
The rustic honours of tiie scythe and share 
Give place to swords and plunies, the pride of war. 
Old falchions are new tempered in the fires; 
The sounding trumpet dv'ry soul inspires. 
The word is giv'n ; with eager speed they lace ' 
The shining head-niece, and the shield embrace. 
The neighing steeds are to the chariots tied ; 
The trusty weapon sils on ev'ry side. 

And now the mighty labour is begun, 
Ye Muses open all your Helicon. 
Sing you the chiefs that sway'd th' Ausonian laud, 
Their arms, and armies under their cominand ; 
What warriors in our ancient clitne were bred { 
What soldiers folic w'd, and what heroes led. 
For well you know, and can record alone, 
What fame to future times conveys but darkly dovrn. 

Mezentius first appeaiM upon the plain : 
Scorn sate upon his brows, and sour disdain 
Defying earth and heav'n. Eiruria lost, 
He brings to Turnus* aid his bafiied host. 
The charming Lausiis, full of youthful fire, 
Bode in the ranks, and next his sullen sire ; 
To Turn us only second in the grace 
Of manly mien, and features of the face. 
A skilful horseman, and a huntsman bred. 
With fates averse a thousand men he led : ' 

His sire unworthy of so brave a son ; 
Himself w6ll worthy of a happier throne 

Next Aventinus drives his chariot round . . 

The Latian plains, with palms and laurels crowo'd 
Proud of his steeds, he smokes along the fiekl ; 
His father's hydra fills his ample shield : 
A hundred serpents hiss about the brims; 
The son of Hercules he justly seems, 
Rv his broad sho'iUiers and gigantic limbs— 

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04 JE.KtLl9. 

Of heav'nly part, an J part of carililv blood, 
A. mortal woman mixing with a god. 
For strong Alcides, after he had tlain 
The triple Geryon, drove from conquer'd Spain 
His captive hercis ; and, thence in triumph led, 
On Tuscan Tylier's flnw'ry banks they led. 
Then, on mount Aveniine, the son of Jove 
The priestess Hhea found, and forc'd to love. 

For aims, his men long piles and javelins bore ; 
And poles wirh pointed steel their foes in battle. gojpft. 
Like Hercules himself, his son appears 
In savage pomp: a lion^s hide he wears; 
About his shoulders hangs the shaggy skin: 
The teeth and gaping jaws severely grin, j .. 
Thus, like the god, his father, homely drest, i, •^'. 
He strides into the hall, a horrid guest. 

Then two twin- brothers from fair Tib ur came, 
(Whicn from their brotlier Tiburs took the name) 
Fierce Coras and Canllus, void of fear: 
AruaM A reive iiorse they lead, and in the front appfja^i,. 
Like cloud-born Centaurs, from the mountain's height 
With rapid course descending to the fight ; 
They rush along, the rati! in j; woods give way ; 
The branches bend before their swecpy sway. 

Nor was Praeneste's founder wanting tliere, 
Whom fame reports the son of Mulciber; 
Fuuiid in die fire, and ioTi.ur'd lu Llie ['iains. 
A shepherd and fi, king at once he wigns. 
And leads to Turnus' aid his couAi^r)' swains. 
His own Prxneste «ends a chosen bzmd, 
With those who plough Saluruia*8 Gabine land ; 
Besides the succour which cold Anien yields, 
The rocks of Hernicus, and dewy fields, 
Anagnia ,Ajt, aud father Amasene— 
A numerous roiU, but all of naked men : 
mor arms they wear, nor swords and bucklers wield, 
Noi drive tne ciiarjot tnrougn tne austy fiukl, 

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But whirl from leathern slings luige balls of lead ; , 
And spoils of yellow wolves adorn Uieir head: 
The left foot naked, wlwn thej march to fi^^ht; 
But in a bull's raw hide they sheath the right. 

Messapus next, (great Neptune was his sire) 
Secure of steel, and fated from the fire, 
In pomp appears, and with his ardour waring' J, ^,,jj 
A heartless train, uriexercis'd in arms : ' ' Z' 

The just Faliscans he to battle brings, 
And those who live where late Ciminius springs: 
And where Feronia's grove and temple stands, 
Who till Fescennian or Fiavinian lauds: ^^, 
All these in order march, and inarching siiv*^'^^ 
The warlike actions of tlieir sea-born king ; 
Like a long team of snowy swans on high, 
Which clap their wings, and cleave the liquid sky, 
When, homeward from their wat'ry pastures bom« 
They sing, and Asia's lakes their notes retqra. 
Not one, who heard their music from afar. 
Would think these troops an army trained to war, 
But flocks of fowl, that, when tlie tempest roar, 
With their hoarse gabbling seek the silent shore. 

Then Clausus came, who led a numerous bs^nd , 
Of troops embodied from the Sabine land, 
And, in himself alone, an army brought. , y^^^ 
'Twas he the noble Claudian race begot, ;,„ 1' 

The Claudian race, ordain'd, in times to come, ' 
To share the greatness of imperial Rome 
He led the Cures forth of old renown, . . , 

Mutuscans from their olive-bearing town, '^^^ 
And all th' Eretrian pow'rs; besides a band , jj,,jj 
That followed from Velinnm's dewy lantU ' * , , , 

And Amiternian troops, of mighty fame, 
And mountaineers, that from Saverus catne. 
And from the craggy cliflfs of Tetrica, ^ j, 

And those where yellow Tiber takes his way ^.^^ 
And where HimelUVs wanton waters play. ..,j« ,^,. 

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Casperia sends her arm6,wiih those iliat lie 
By Fabans, and fruitful Foruli : 
The waHike aids of Horta next appear. 
And the cold Nursians come to close the rear, 
MixM with the natives born of Latine blood, 
Whom Ajlia washes witfi her fetal flood. 
Not thicker billows beat the Libyan main, 
When pale Orion sets in wintry rain. 
Nor thicker harvests on rich Hermus rise. 
Or Lycian fields, when Fhcebus burns the skies. 
Than stand these troops : their bucklers ring avotind -, 
Their trampling turns the turf, and shakes the solid 

High in his chariot then Halesus came, 
A foe by birth to Troy's unhappy name : 
From Agamemnon born— to Turnus* aid, 
A thousand men the youthful heroled. 
Who till the Massic soil, for wine renownM, 
And fierce Auruncans finam their hilly ground. 
And those who live by Sidiciuian shores. 
And where with shoaly fords Vultumus roars, 
Cales* and Osca's old inhabitants. 
And rough Saticulans, inur'd to warits. 
Light demi-lances from afar they throw, 
Fasten'd with leathern tdongs, io gall the foe. 
Short crooked swords in closer flgnt they wear, 
And on their warding arm light bucklers bear. 

Nor CEbalus, shah thou be left unsung 
From nymph Sebethis and old Telon sprung, 
Who then in Teloboan Capri reign'd ; 
But that short isle th' ambitious youth disdained, 
And o'er Campania stretch'd his ample sway, ■ 

Where swelling Sarnus seeks the Tyrrhene sea — 
O'er Batulum, and where Abella sees. 
From her high towers, th^ harvest of her tree^ 
And these (as was the Teuton use of old) 
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£NEIS. 97 

Slifi^ we'ghty stones when firom afiur they fieht ; 
Their casques are cork, a covVine thick and light 
Next these in rank, the warlike Ufens went. 
And led the mountain troops that Nuraia sent. 
The rude iEquiculae his rale obey*d ; 
Hunting their sport, and plundering was their trade. 
In arms they ploughed, to battle still preparM : 
Tlieir soil was baii<en^ and their hevrts were hard. 

Umbro the priest, the proud Manruk^ians led« 
By king Arch^pus sent to Turnus* aid ; 
And peaceibi olives ciown*d his hoary head. 
His wand and hbiy words, the viper's rage, \ 

And venoinM wounds of serpents could assuage. 
He, when he pleasM with powerful juice to steep 
Their temples; shut theUr^s in pleasing sleep. 
But vain were, Martian hecbsi and magic art. 
To cure the wound g}ir*n by the Dardan dart 
Yet tliis untimdy i&te th* AngitiaB woods 
In sighs remurmur'dto the Fucine floods. 
The son of fam*d Hippolytus was there, 
Fam'd as his sire, and, as his mother foir; 
Whom in E>erian groves Arieia bore, 
Ahd nurii*d his ybdth along the marsliy shore, . 
Where Kreat Diana's peaceful altars mme. 
In firuitnil fi^d^ ; and Virbius was his name. 
Hippolytus^ as old i«cord8 have said. 
Was by his stmidarae sought to share her bed : 
But, when no female arts nis mind could move, 
She turn'd to ^rious hate her impbus love. 
Tom by wild horses on the sandy shore, 
Another's crime th' unhappy hunter bore ; 
Glutting his father's eyes with guiltless gore. 
But chaste Diana,*who his death deplored. 
With ^sculapian herbs bis life restor'd : 
When Jove, who saw from high, with just disdain* 
The dead .inspir'd with vital breath again. 
Struck to the centre, with his fla ning dart 
Th' unhappy founder of the go< like art 

VOL. II. 7 

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98 ^NEIS. 

Bill Trivia kept in secret shades alone. 

Her care, liippolytus, to fate unknown 

And callM iiim Verbius in th' Egerian grove, 

W'liere then he liv'd secure but safe from Jove. 

For this, from Trivia's temple and her wood, 

Are coursers driven, who shed their master's bk>ocI« 

Affrighted by the monsters of the flood. 

His son, the second Virbias, ybt cetain'd 

His Other's art, and wai-rior steeds he rein'd. 

Amid the troops, and like the leading god. 
High o'er the rest in arms, the graceful TamMS rode: 
A triple pile of plumes his crest adom'd. 
On which, with belching flames,Chim8Bra ))um'd : 
1*he more the kindled combat rises higher, 
The more with fury bums the blazing fire.' 
Fair lo grac'd his iliield ; but Id now 
With horns exalted stands, and seems to low — 
A noble charge ! Her keeper by her side, 
To watch her walks, her hundred eyes applied ; 
And on the brims, her sire, the wat'ry god, 
RoUM from his silver urn his crystal Qaod. 
A cloud of foot succ^s, and fills the fields 
With swords, and pointed spears, and clatt'ring shields: 
Of Argive, and of old Sicaniao band^, 
And those who plough the rich RutuUan lands ; 
Anruncan youth, and those Sacrana yields, 
And the proud LutMcans, with pamted shields 
And those who near Numician streams reside, 
And tliose whom Tiber's holy forests hide, 
( r Circe's hills from the main l?iud divide, 
sV^here Ufens glides along the lowly lands, 
Or the black water of Pomptina stands. 

Last from the Volscians fair Camilla came, 
And led her warlike troops, a warrior dame : 
Unbred to spinning, in the loom unskill'd. 
She chose the nobler Pallas of the field. 
Mix'd with the fii-st, the fierce Virago fought. 
Sustained the toils of anus, the (lanu,ers sought: 

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OutstrippM the winds in speed upon the plain, 
Flew o'er the field, nor hurt the l>earded grain : 
She swept the seas, and. as slie skimin'd along, 
her Lying feet, unbath'd on billows hung. 
Men, ijoys, and women, stupid with surprise, 
\Vhere*er she passes fix their wond'ring eyes: 
Longing they look, and §apiug at the sight, 
Devour her o'er and o'er with vast delight ; 
Her purple habit sits wilU ^uch a grace 
On her smooth shoulders, and so suits her face ; 
Her head with ringlets of her hair is crown'd \ 
And in a golden caul the curls are bound. 
Slie sliakes ber myrtte jav'Iin ; and, behind 
Her Lyciao quiver dances in the wiud. 

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T^M war being bow begun* both the geBeniU make eli possible 
preparations. Tumus sends to Dioaiedes. JliLntfas gpe.s it 
person to beg succours from Evander and the Tuscans. £van> 
der receives him kindlj, furnishes him with men, and sends 
bis son Pallas with him. Vulcan, at the request of Venus, 
makes arms for her son ^neas, and draws on bit shield the 
most memorable actions of his posterity. 

iVhEN Tumus had assembled all his pow'ra. 
His standard planted on Laurentum's tow*rs, 
When now the sprightly Irumj^et, from alai, 
Had giv*n the signal of approaching war, 
Had rous*d the neighing steeds to scour the fields, 
While the fierce riders clatter'd on their shields, 
Trembling with rage, the Latian youth prepare 
To join th' allies, and headlong rush to war. 
Fierce Ufens, and Messapus led the crowd, 
With bold Mezentius, who blasphemed aloud. 
These through the country to^^k their wasteful course, 
The fields to forage, and to gather force. 
Then Venelus to Diomede they send, 
To beg his aid, Ausonia to defend, 
Declare the common danger, and inform 
The Grecian leader of the growing storm : 
'* .Eneas, landed on the Latian coast. 
With banishM gods, and with a baffled host, 

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f Th 


Tet now asftir'd to conquest of the state, 

And claiin*a a title from the gods and ftite; 

What num*riHis naftiotis in his quarrel earae. 

And how they spread his forinidable name, 

What he desigii*d> what mischieft might arise^ 

If fortune favoured his first enterprise, 

Was left for him to weigb, whose ec^ual feara, 

And common interest was invrfvM m theirs." 

While Turnus and th* allies thus urge the war. 

The Trojan, floating in a Sood of care, 

Beholds the tempest wtiich ^is fees prepare. 

This way and that he turns his anjoous mind ; 

Thinks and rejects tlie counsels he dengaM ; 

Explores himself in vaJh, in ev'ry part. 

And giteii no rest to his distracted heart 

So, when the sun by day, or moon by night, 

Strike on the polishM brass their tremUinz light* 

The glittering snecles here and there divi^ 

And cast their aubious beams from side to side. 

Now on the waits, now on the parement p^s 

And to the ceHins flash th* glaring day. 

Twas n^i afld weary nature lulPd asleep 

The birds of air, and fishes of the deep. 

And beasts, and mortal men. The Trojan chief 

Was laid on Tyber's banks, oppressM with griei; 

And found in silent slumber late relib£ 

Then, through the shadows of the poplar wood. 

Arose the father of the Roman flood ; 

An azure robe was 6^ his body spread, 

A wreath of shady reeds adorn' d his bead j 

Thus, manifest to sight, the god appeared, 

'And with these pleasing words his sorrow cbeer'di* 

" Undoubted offspring of ethereal race, 

O long expected in this promised place ! 

WIk), through the fees, hast borne thy bmnish*d ^ids, 

Restor'd them to their hearths, and old abodes — 

This is thy happy Inxne, the clime where fate 

Ordaius ibee to restore ttie Trofan state. 

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102 JlNEIS. 

Fear not ! the war shall end in lasting peace, 
And ail the rage of haughty Juno cease. 
And that this nightly vision ina? not seem 
Th* effect of foncy, or an idle dream, 
A sow beneath an oak shall lie along, 
All white herself, and white her thirty young. 
When thirty rolling years have run their race. 
Thy son Ascanius, on this empt? space. 
Shall build a royal town, of lasting feme. 
Which from this omen shall receive the name. 
Time shall approve the truth.— For what remaint 
And how with sure success to crown your pains, 
With patience next atteftd. A banislt'd band. 
Driven with Evander fiom th* Arcadian land, 
Have planted here, and plac*d on high theii walls; 
Their town the founder Pallenteum calls, 
Deriv*d from PaHas, his great grandsire^s name, 
But the fierce Latians old possession claim, 
With war infesting the new colony: 
These make thy friends, emd on their aid rely. 
To thy free passage I submit my stveeims. 
Wake, son of Venus, firom thy pleasing dreams ; 
And, when the setting stars are lost in day, 
To Juno's pow*r thy just devotion pay ; 
With sacrifice the wrathftil queen appease: 
Her pride at length shall fell, her fury ceaee. 
When thou retum'st victorious from the war, 
Perform thy vows to me with grateful oare. 
The god am I, whose yellow water flows 
Around these fields, and fetten^ as it goes: 
Tiber my name— among the rolling floods, 
RenownM on earth, esteem'd among the gods. 
This is my certain seat. In times to come, 
My waves shall wash the walls of mighty Rome.** 
He said ; and plung'd below. While vet he spoke. 
His dream iRneas and his sleep forsook. 
\\b rose, and, looking up, beheld the skies 
With purple blushing, aud the day arise. / 

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£NEI«. 103 

Then water iii hie boUow palm be took 

From Tiber^s flood, and thufr the powVs bespoke : 

** Laureotian t^mpbi^ by whom the streams are ied^ 

And fiither Tiber, m thy sacred bed 

Receive iEneas, and ioom danger keep. 

Whatever fount) whatever holy deep, 

CoiKeals thy wat*ry stores — wherever they nse, 

And, bubbhng fnom below, salute the skies— 

Thou, king of Jboraed floods wltose plenteous urn 

Suffices fotnoss to'tlM fruitful eom, 

For tbie thy kind compassien of our woes, 

Shalt share my rooming song, and evening vows. 

But Oh present to thy people's aid« 

And firm the graoiows promise that thou bast made.** 

Thus having saifl, two gaHeys, &om his storas, 

With care he chooses, iMaas, and fits with oars. 

Now on the ehoie •Ike fatal swine is found — 

Wond*rou8 to tell !— rShe lay along the ground. 

Her wdl-fed offspring at her udders hung ; 

She white herseu, and white her thirty young. 

iEneas takes the mother a«d her brood; 

And all on Juno*a altar are bestow'd. 

The following night, and the succeeding day. 

Propitious Tiber saoothM his wat'ry way : 

He rolPd his river back, and poised he stood, 

A gentle swelling, and a peaceful flood. 

The Trojans mount their shipt; the^ put from shore, 

Borne on the waves, an<i scarcely dip an oar. 

Shouts from the laud give omen to tlieir course ; 

And the pitch 'd vessete glide with easy force. 

The woods and waters wonder at tlie gleam 

Of shields, and painted ships that stem the stream. 

One sumroer*s night and one whole day they pass 

Betwixt the green-wood shades, and cut tlie liquid glasa 

The fiery sun had finished half his race 

Look*d back, and doubted in the middle space. 

When they fVom far beheld the rising towers, 

The tops of sheds, and shepherds' lowly Low'is, 

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104 £NEIS. 

Tbin as they stood, which, then of hoinely ciaij, 
5oiy rise in m&ible, from the Roman 8w*y. 
These cots (Evandef's kingdotn, meAn and poor) 
The Tfojan saw, and twro'd liis ships to shore. 
*Twas on a se^mn da^r: ih* Areadtaii states, 
The king and prinee, without the eity gates, 
Then paid ibeir offerings in a sacied gMwe 
To Hereirfes^ the wanrior sod of Jove. 
Tbiek eloucis of rdllhig smoke mvotv* llie skies ; 
And fat of entrails on Ms ahar frie&' 

But, when th^ saw the ^ip« that stemm'd tbe^Mood^ 
And glittei'd thi<6ijgh the covert of the weod> 
They rose with fear, and \e^ tb^ unftarafa^ fokst. 
Till dauntless Pallas leassur'dihe vest 
To ipaj the ri^^s. Himself without delay 
A javlin seised, and singly took bis w«yj 
Then gained a rising ground, and eaHM from fert 
** Resolve me, strangers, wbenoe, and what you are ; 
Your business here ', and bring yov peace or wac ?^ 
High on the stern ^neas took his standi 
And held a branch of dive as his band, 
While thus he spoke : *^ The Phyrgtans* aims you lee, 
Exp^M from Troy, piovok*d in italy 
By Latian foes, with war unjustly mad^-^ 
At first afSanc*d, and at last betitay*d. 
This message bear: The Trayansand their cfaial 
Bring holy peace, and beg tbe kiag^ veliei" 
Struck with so gn^t a name, ami aU on &% 
The youtb replies: ** Whatever you le^ira^ 
Tour fame exacts. Upon our shores descepcl, 
A welcome guest, and, what you wish, « firieadi* 
He said, and downward hastmg to the strand, 
Einbrac'd tfie stranger prince, and ioin'd bis band. 
Conducted to the grove, i£neas broke 
The silence first, and thus the king bespoke: 
* Best of the Greeks ! to whom by fate's command, 
I bear these peacefiil branches in my band — 

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Undaunted I approach you, tliough I know 

Your birth isGreciaoy and your land loy foe: 

From Atveus tboti^ your ancient lineage oaine. 

And both the biother kings your kindred claim: 

Yet my self-consciau» worth, your high renown. 

Your virtue, through the neighboring nations bk>wn. 

Our fathers* mingled bkxxi, Apollo's voioe. 

Have led me iuther, Icsa by jneed than choice. 

Our fatlier Daciteii^ a»-fiwae has sung. 

And Greeks acknowledge^ front Electra sprung: 

lUectra from the loins «f Atlas came — 

Atlas, who8» tead tuttains the stany firanie. 

Your sire is Mereury, wiMDm long before 

On cold Gyikne's top f&ir Maiii bore. 

Maia the fair, on fame if we rely, 

Was Atlas* daughter, wha«ustains the sky. 

Thus fyon^qfim ouwinii .soucce our stoeams divide : 

Ours is the Trojem, yours th* Arcadian sid& 

Rais'd by these hopes, i sent no news before. 

Nor ask^d your lewe, nor did your faith implore ; 

But come, iintliout » pledge, my own ambassador. 

The same Rutolians, whoovith arms pursue 

The Trojan race,'are equal foes to you. 

Our host expell*<l, what ^rtber force can stay 

The victor troops from universal sway ? 

Then will they stretch their pow^t athwart the land. 

And either tea itom side t» side command. 

Receive our ofiforM faith, and give us thine : 

Ours is a generous and experiencM line : 

We want not hearts nor bodies for the war ; 

In council cautious, and in fields we dare." 

He said : and, while he spc^e, with piercing eyes 

Evander view'd the man with vast surprise — 

Pleas'd with his action, ravish'd with his face ; 

Then answered briefly, with a royal grace: 

" O valiant leader of the Trojan line. 

In whom the features of tliy father shine I 

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How I k-ecall Anohises! bow I see 

His motions, mien, and alt my friend, in tliee ! 

Long theugh it be, His hesh withm my mind, 

Wben Priatii to bts sieter^c enuft detign'd 

A welcome visit, wkh a friendly sAy, 

And through tb* Arcadian Jtingdom took bisway» 

Tben, passM a boy, tbe callow down began 

To shade my cbin, and call me fiist a man. 

saw the shining tmin with vast-delight; 
And Priam's gpmlly person pleased my sight v 
But great Anchises, uur«bovB the rest^ 


1 first accosted him : I siied, I sought, 
And, with a loving foice, to PheaeusiMOught 
He gave me, wbea at lengtbi constnaiii'd to fo^ 
A Lycian quiver and a Giiossian bow, 
A vest enibroider*d, glorious to behold. 
And two rich bridles, ivith their bits «f gold. 
Which my son's «oursers in obedience bold. 
The league you ask, I offer, as your right ; 
And when to-morrow's sun reveals the light. 
With swift supplies you shall be sent away. 
Now celebrate with us, this solemn day, 
Whose holy rites admit no lonx delay. 
Honour our annual feast ; ana take your eeat. 
With friendly welcome, at a friendly treat." 
Thus having S2ud, the bowls reinov'd (for fear) 
The youths replaced, and soon restored tbe cbeei. 
On sods of turf he set the soldiers round ; 
A maple throne, rais'd higher from the ground, 
Roceiv'd the Trojan chief; and o'er the bed, 
A lion's shaggy hide, for ornament they spread. 
The loaves were serv'd in canisters; the wine 
In bowls; the priest renew'd the rites divine: 
Btoil'd entrails are their food, and beef's continued 

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But, when the rage of hunger was repress'd. 
Thus spoke EvantiM to his royal goest : 
** These rites, these altarB, and this leasi^ O king« 
From no vain ^rs-or superstitAon spi'ing. 
Or blind devotion, or froin blinder ehemce, 
Or heady zeal, or brutal ignorafn.'e? ' 
But, sav^d fronr damgM*^ with a grateful sense, 
The labours of ft god we reisornpeme. 
See, from afar, yoili loek thvt mates the sky; 
About whose feet sdch heaps of ^rulibisb^titt ; 
Such undigested ruki ; bleak and bare. 
How rie«en ikiw it stands, exposed ki air! 
'Twas once a rofeber's dOn, mclosM around 
With living fitone, and ^eep beneath the ground, 
The monster Cacus, inore than half a beast, 
This hold, impcrtioos tothe sun, pofesess»d. 
The pavem€*it ever fbul with hmnan go»e r 
Heads, and their mangled fnembers, Irthig tlie doon 
Vulcan tliis plague begot f and, like his's^, - 
Black clouds he belched and flakes of livtd fire. 
Time, long expected, efcsM uf of oar iWfd, 
And brought the needflil presence of^a god. 
Th* avenging fbrce of Hercules, from Spaitt, 
Arriv'd in triumph, from Geryon slain V— 
Thrice hVd the giant, and thrice liv'd m vain. 
His prize, the Irtwing herds, Alcides drove 
Near Tyber's tanks, to graze the shddy grove 
Allur*d with hope of plunder, and intent 
By force to rob, by fraud to ciicuiftvent. 
The brutal Cacus, as by chance they stray*d, 
Four oxen thence, and four fair kine, conveyM. 
And, lest the printed footsteps might be seen, 
He draggM them backwards to his rocky den. 
The tracks averse a lying notice gave, 
And led the searcher backward from the cave. 
Meantime the herdsmen hero shifts his place, 
To find fresh pasture and untrodden grass. 

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108 £NGI8 

The beasts, wbo missM theif mutes, fiUM all arotind 

With bellowing : and ibe jrocksrei^lorM tiie sound. 

One heifer* wbo^ bud heard her love con^ilatn, 

RoarM from the cave^ aod inade the project vain. 

Alcides found the fraud : with rage jie sImmJc, 

And tossM about his heiid his knotted oak. 

Swift as thA winds, or Scythian arcow's Jight, 

He clitnbM, with eager hasten the aerial Iteight 

Then first we&aw the nioofter mend his pace: 

t'ear in his4i(fee, and peieneis in bis fece. 

Confessed the god's approach. TretnUhig he spnngs, 

As terror had^^creai'n his feet with wiogs ; 

Nor staid for stairs : but dowa the depth he threw 

His body : on his baok Ihe dotw b^ drew — 

(The door a rib of living cook: with pains 

His father heiv*d it out, and bound w^ chains:) 

He broke the heavy luiks, the mountain dosM, 

And bass and levers to his ibe opposed. 

The wretch had hardly made \us duog^n fest ; 

The fierce avenger came with bounding haste ; 

SurveyM the mouth of the forbidden bold; 

And here and there his raging eye;^ he roird. 

He gnashed his teeth ; and Ulrica he compassM round 

With winged sf^ed the circuit of the ground. 

Thrice at the cavern's mouth he pullM in vitin ; 

And, panting, thrice desisted firooi his pain : 

A pointed, flinty rock, all bare and blaclu 

Grew gibbous from behind the mountain's back , 

Owls, ravens, all iU omens of the night. 

Here built their nests, and hither wingM their flight 

The leaning head hung threatening o*er the flood, 

And nodded to the left. The hero stood 

Averse, with planted feet, and from the right, 

TuggM at the solid stone with all his might. 

Thus heav'd, the fix*d foundations of the rock 

Gave way: heaven echoM at the ratt'ling shock 

Tumbling, it chokM the flood : on either side 

The banks leap backward, and the streams divine: 

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The sky shrmik upwaiP4l with unosmll drdad \ 

And trembling Tyb«f ^*4 bdneath his bed. 

The court of Gacus standfl t&rm^d te si^t 

The cavern glares with ««w-adimlMcl H(^t 

So the pent vapours, wMi a ramMiilg sotitid, 

Heave from betow, toct fenit tlte holl(»# gfound) 

A sounding flaw suoiBMds; and, frenfron high^ 

The god« wkbbate behotd^tHe ndthet sky: 

The ghosts repin« At vietaMd rin^t. 

And curse tb^ invading sun, atid sietBen at «be sight 

The graceless monst^ri oatiglit ita open -day, 

EnclosM, and in despair to fly ftwsiy, 

Flowls ho#rible from midctiieatb, and fitts 

His hollow palace with utiiiMuily yeRs^ 

The hero stands above, and'ftom^aftr 

Plies him with detrts, anf^ttOhes, aatt disHant war. 

He from his nostrils, and^uffe riioutb, expire 

Black clouds of smoke, anvl^ his fkthei's fires, 

Gathering, with each 'repeated blast, the nighc, 

To make uncertain aiHfi, and«rring sight. 

The watchful god then pKitiges from above, 

And, where in thiofeeBt wavi^s^ the sparitles drdv^, 

Their lights ; and wades throogh fumes, aotl gropes 

his way^ 
Half sing'd,half stiied, tilthcgilapffMs prey. 
The monster spewing frUliiess'ffitraes, he found ; 
He squeezM his throat ; be'WiKhM his neck aronnd, 
And in a knot his crippled membets bom^r 
Then from their soekets, tore Ws butoing eyesr: 
Roird on a heap, thebreatbless robber MM. 
The doorsj Unbaift*d, reeeive tbe rushihff day ; 
And thorough^ lights disclose the ratishM prey ; 
The bulls, redeemed, bftetheopen nkit agtiitt. 
Next, by the feet they drag him flrom hfs* dten. 
The wond'ring neighbocirhood, with glad surpriiov 
Beheld his shagged breast, his giant size. 
His mouth that flames no mo e, and his extingiii^iM 


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1 10 MSEIS, 

From that auspicious day, with rites divine, 

We worship at the hero's lioly shrioe. 

Portitius first ordaiaM these amuial vows: 

As priests, were added the PioariaD house, 

Who raisM this altar io tlie sacred shade, 

Where honours, ever due, for ever shall be paid. 

For these deserts, aod this high, virtue shown, 

Ye warlike youths^ your beads with garlands cnmn 

Fill high the goblets with a sparkling flood ; 

And with deep draughts invoke our common god." 

This said, a clouMle wieai^ Evander twin*d ) 

And poplars black and white his temples bind. 

Then brims his ample bQwL Witb like design 

The rest invoke the gods, with sprinkled wine. 

Meantime the sun descended from the skies. 

And the bright evening star began to rise. 

And now th^ priests, rortitius at their head, 

In skins of beasts involv*dt the long procession led; 

Held high the flaming tapers in their bands, 

As custom had prescribe their holy bands ; 

Then with a second coursft tlie gables load. 

And witk Aill chajigers o£kr to the god. . 

The Salii sing, ai^ 'cense his altars round- 

With Saban smoke, their heads with poplar bmutd 

One choir of old, ^^other of the young. 

To dance, apd bear the burden of the song. 

The lay recorda the labours, and the praise. 

And all th* immortal acts of Hercules: 

First, how the mighty babe, when swatb'd in bands 

The serpent strangled with his infout hands; 

Then, as in years and matchless force h^grew, 

Th' (Echalian walls, and Trojan, overthrew- 

Besides a thousand hazards they relate, 

ProcurM by Juno's and £ury^theu8' hate. 

«* Thv hands, unconquer'd heio, could subdue 
The cloud-bom Centaurs, and the n)onster crew : 
Nor thy resistless arm the bull withsiood. 
Nor he the roaring terror of the wood. 

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The triple porter of the Stygian seaV 

With lolliiig tongue, lay Owning at thv ieet, 

And, seized with leeur, loi^ot hk mangled meat. 

Th^ infernal water trembled at thy sights • 

Thee, god ! no face of dangers could affright ; 

Not huge Typhoeua, nor th* uoiuimbefM'snake, 

Increased withiussing heads, in LerBa7e lake. 

Hail, Jove^s undoubted sod I^an added grace 

To heaven and the great author of thy race ; 

Receive the gxatefuUiff'i^ingt wbkb we pay* 

And smile propitious on the sokvBA day^r 

In numbers ^us iiwpf sung : abo^e the rest, 

The den and death of Cacus orown (h#.:fe^6t. 

The woods |e h<^w vales, oqavey the souikd^ 

The vales to hills ; and hills the notcb reb^uiKl. 

The ritos perform^4, tb»ehflBrAil train retire. 

Betwixt young Pallas and his aged siie^ 

The Trepan passed, the city to survey ; 

And pleasing talk begviVd the t^ious way. 

The stranger cast aroand bis curious ^qs, 

New objects view^^ig stitt witb new surprise ; 

With greedy ioy loqaires of various things, i 

And acts and momum^nts of ancient kings. 

Then tbus4he founder of the Roman, towers : 

" These woods were first the seat of Sylvan pow'rs. 

Of Nymphs aiul Fauns, and savage men who took 

Their birth from trunks ^f trees and stubborn oak. 

Nor laws they knew, nor. manners; nor the care 

Of lab'jring oxen, nor the shining share, 

Nor arts of gain, nor what they gaiu'd to spaje. 

Their exercise the cbase : the running ilooa 

Supplied their thirst ; the trees supplied tbeir food 

Then Saturn came, who fled tha pow^r of Jove, 

RobbM of his realms, and banished £rom above. 

The men dispers'd on bills, to towns he brought. 

And laws ordainM, and civil customs taught, 

And Latium callM the land where safe he lay • . 

From his unduteous son, and his usurping sway 

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112 JBNlStS. ^ 

With his mild emplw, peace and plenty came ; 
And thence the golden tiroes denv^d their name. 
A more degenerate, and discokHir'd age 
Succeeded this, with avarice and rage. 
Th* Ausonians then, iind bold Sicatiians, eame ; 
And Satum^s empire often chang*d the name. 
Then ltings-*gigpfttic'T>*ris, and the rest— 
With arbitranr sway thtl tend opmrest; 
For Tyber's m>od was Albida benve, 
Till from the tyrants ftce, bis name it bore. 
I last arrivM, driV*B ftatn XKf taative home, 
By fortune's pow^ and liile*s resistless doom. 
Long tossM on seas. I sought this hapy land, 
WarnM by my motMet Ajioph, and ceai*d by heav*h*^ 
Thus, waMttag oti) bO'Spc^'ftnd •shoir'd the gate, 
Since called Cantfiental by the Roifnan state ; 
Where stood an altar, sacred to the name 
Of old Carmenta, the prophetic dc^e. 
Who to her son ibretbld th* JSnean race. 
Sublime in fame, and Rome^s imperial place ; — 
Then shows the forests, wfiich, in after-tihies. 
Fierce Romulus, for perpetrated crJrAes, ' 
A sacred refuge made ; — with this, the shrine^ ' ' 

Where Pan below the rocit had rites divine ; <■ 

Then teUs of Argus* death, his murdered gtiest. 
Whose grave and^mb his innocence attest. 
Thence, to the steep Tarpeian rock heiead*-^ 
Now roord with gold, then thatchM with homely reed^ 
A reverent foar (such superstition reigns 
Among the rude) ev*n then possessPd the swains. 
Some god, they knew — ^what god, they could not teD- 
Did there amidst the saered horror divell. ' 
Th* Arcadians thought him Jove ; and ^id ihey saw 
The mighty Thunderer with majestic kwe, 
Who shook his shield, and dealt his holts arctind, 
An:! scatter'd tei^OMsts on the teeinmg ground. 

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Then saw two lieaps of nuns, (once they stood 
I wo stately tow ns, on cither side the flood) '"'^ * 

batuniia's and Jatiiculum's remains ; " • ^ V 

And either place the founder's name retains. ') ^J 

Disconrsjng thus together, they resort '^"^ 

Where poor Evander kept his country court 
ihey viewM the ground of Rome's litigious hali 
(Uiice oxen low'd, where now the lawyers bawl ^ 
then stooping, through the narrow gate they pres.M " ' 
When thus the kjng bespoke his Trojan guest • " ^ 
*'Meanasitis,thisp?.lace,andthisdooF, ' ""''•- 
Keceiv'd Alcides, then a conqueror, * H 

Dare to be poor : acce^jt our homely food. \ '^,^'* 

Which feasted him ; and emulate a god-' " ***' 

Then underneath a lowly roof lie led ' f^ 

The weary prince, and laid him on a bed : V'* 

1 he stuffing, leaves, with hides of bears o'eisp^d /' * 
Now night had shed her silver dews around /''»' 
And with her sable wings embrac'd the ground^" "* * 
When love's fair goddess, anxious for he? son.-^"^' .'l'*^ 
(New tumults rising, and new wars befjun^ ' '^ " 

rjuch'd with her husband in his golden bed, •< ^l 

With these allurmg words invokes his aid— - '^^ * 

Ana, that her pleasing sj^eech his mind may move.-''^?< 
Inspires each accent with the charms of love ■ " **^ 
" VVlnle cruel ^te inspir'd with Grecian pow'rs. ' '*^ 
To level with theground the Trojan tow'rs. "** 

I ask'd not aid tli' unhappy to restore, X ^ 

Nor did the succour of thy skill implore '^ ^' 

Nor urg'd the labours of my lord in vain ' '*» 

A sinkmg empire longer to sustain, * ■' ^^ 

Though much I ow'd to Priam's house, and more '-"'^ 
The danger of .^.ueas did deplore. "" °iore .^.f. 

Jiut now, by Jove's command, and Fate's decree, • ,.'i* 
His race is doom'd to reign in Italy : ^vt>» Ju fV 

With humble suit I beg thy neeriful art ''' '^'' ■*** 

O still propitious pow'r, that rtil'st mv 'heart ♦ "''' •^*'^* 
vof.. II. 8 ^ ' ..■ 

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ti4 iENiTiir. 

A moilver kneels a suppliant for her son, 
Bv Theus and Aurora thou wert won 
To forge impenetrable shields, and grace 
With fated arms a less illustrious race,^ 
Hfchold what haughty nations are combihM 
Against the relics of the Phrygian kind, , 
With fire and sword nij^ people to destroy, ^^ 
And conquer Venus twice, in conq'rmg Troy. 
She said ; and straight her arms, of snowy hue, 
About her unresolving liusband threw. 
Her soft embraces soon infuse desire: ^ 
His bones and marrow sudden watmih mspire ; 
And all the godhead feeis the wonted fire. 
Not half so swift the rattling thunder flies, 
Or forky lightnings flash along the skies. 
The goddess, proud of her successful wiles. 
And conscious of her form, in secret smiles. 
Then thus the powV obnoxious to her charms^ 
Panting, arj half dissolving in her arms: 
" Why seek you reasons for a cause so just, 
i)r your own beauties or my love distrust ? 
Long since, had you required my helpful hand, 
Th' artificer and art you might command. 
To labour arms for Troy : nor .love, nor t ale, 
ConfiuM their empire to so short a date. 
And, if you now desire new wars to wage. 
My skill I promise, and my pains engage. 
Whatever melting metal can conspire. 
Or breathing beUows, or the forming fire, 
Is freely yours: your anxious ffears remove. 
And tlnnk no task is difficult to love." _ 

Trembling he spoke ; and, eager of her chaCiM, 
He snatched the willing goddess to his arms ; 
Till, in her lap infusV{,he lay possess'd 
Of ftill desire, and sunk to pleasing rest. 
Now when the night lier miridle race had rode, 
And his first slumber liad refiesh'd ilie ^od— 

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emus. Hit 

The time wlien early houiewivecr leave the bed. 
When livkiK emben dn the hearth are ^read, 
Supply the lampv and call the maids te rlae ;— 
With yawning mouths^ and with hal# opened eyea 
They ply the distsff by the winklfi^ light. 
And to their daily laboiur add the night: 
Thus frugally they ea#n thek ehildren*s breads 
And uncomipted kaep tMIr nuptial bed — 
Not less concem'd, nor at ft later hour, , 

Rose from his downy couch ille fergitig pow*r> 
Sacred to Yulcan'sr name, an itte tlieie lay, 
Betwixt SiciHa's ooaMs andLipare, 
Raised high on smolcifig rocks; and deepbefow^ 
In hollow caves the fires^of ifi^a glow* 
I'he Cyclops here their heavy hammers dieal'J 
Loud strokes, and hissitigs oi tormented' steel, 
Are heard around : the bolting watere roar; 
And smoky flames ttiirou«rh fuming niimeistioar. 
Hither the fathett of the ne, by nighty 
Through the brown air precpitates his flight. 
On their eternal anvils herA he ibund 
The brethren beating, and the-bUiw^ga roond: 
A load of poirfiless tbonder now there lles^ 
Before their hantte^ to ripen for the skiesT 
These darts, for angry /ove^ they daily cfot^- 
Consumed on roelrtidswitlrprodigk>aBWasi8. : 
Three rays of writhen^ min, of fire th^e moi«i 
Of winged southern winds and cfoody sioipe' 
As many parts^ the dreadiii) aiixmie frames 
And fears are added, and Avenging tiame^ 
Inferior ministers, for Marst repair 
His broken axle-tiees^ aiid bhmted wtirr 
And send him ferdi a^n with fuiblsh^d arms, 
' To wake the kay war with trumpet^ loud alannBi 
The rest refresh the scaly snakes that ibid; 
The shield of Falias, and renew fheir gold, 
l^'iill on the crest, the Gorgon's head they plWe, 
With eyes that roll in death, and with distorted fece. 

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1 16 £NEfS. 

*' Mj' sons !'* said Vwlcan, " set your tasks a*«We j 
Your slreiigth and q^aster-skill roust now be tried, 
Anns for a hero forge— arms that require 
Your forcejYour speed,, and aa your fonning fiare.*' 
Hes^iti-^'Theyset their fprmer work aside, 

■"/rnrTtheir new toils with .eager haste divide. 
A flood of mplten silver, brass» and gold, 
\nd deadly steel, in the large, ^niace rollM : 
Df this, their artful hands a shield prefHure, 
Alone sufficient to sustain the war. 
Sev^n orbs within a spacious round they closfe. 
One stirs the fire, and one the bellows blows. 
The hissing steel is in the sn^Uhy drowi^d ; 
The grot with beaten. auviUgroanii around. 
By turns, thelc arms advance in ecjual tune : 
Hy turns, their brands descend, and ha^imers chime. 
They turn the.glowing mass with crooked trnigs: 
The fiery woj^ proceeds, with rustic songs. 
While, at the Lemnian^ god's commarfdy they urge 
Their labours thus, and ply th* iColian forge, - 
The cheerfiil morn salutts Evander's eyes, 
And songs of -ehirping birds invite to rise. 
He leaves his lowly M bif buskins meet 
Above his ankles ; sandfUs sheath his feet : 
He sets his trusty sword upon his side. 
And o'er his shoulder throws. a panthei^s hide* 
Two menial dogs before their master pressM. 

^Thus clad, aodgaurded thus, he seeks his tknigly j^iest 
Mindful of proiuis*<i aid he mends his pace, 
But meets iEneas in<be middle space.* 
Young Pallas did his father's steps attend 5 
And true Achates waited on his friend. » ' 
They join their hands; a secret seat tSiey choose : 
Th' Arcadian first their former talk renews.- 
** Undaunted prince i i never caii beitevo 
Tlie Trojan empire lost, while you survive. 
(Command ih' assistahce of a liaiihftil fi-ieud: 
But (eftt))e are the sumours I can ^ie«(L 

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j:n£i$. 117 

Our narrow kiiigdotn liere the Tyher bounds: 
The other side the Latian state surrounds, 
Insults oui walls, and wastes our fruitful grounds. 
But m'lglitj nations 1 prejiare to join 
Their arms wkb yours, and aid yrnir Just design. 
You come, as by your bettor genius sent ; 
And FortujM>teeiiw to favour your intent 
Not fiir Mm iMncer there stands a hilly town. 
Of ancient buiklmg, and of high renown. 
Torn hem the Tuscans' by the Lydian race, 
Who gave the iianie<of C»re to the place, 
Once Agyllina called. It flout-ishM long, 
In pride of wealth and warlii^e {^ple strong. 
Till cursM Maseotius in a ^stal hour, 
Assum'd the down, with arbitrary pow'r. 
What words (Bsnpaint those execrable tin^.es. 
The subjects* sun 'rings, and the tyrant's crimes? 
That blood, those murders, O ye gods ! teplace 
On his own iwad, and on his impious race ! 
The living amd ^e deaii, at his t^mmand. 
Were coupled, fiwato face, and hand to hand. 
Till, chok'd with stem&ti, in loathM embraces tied, 
The lingering wretches pm'd away and died, 
Thus plunged in ills, and meditating more — 
The people's patience tried, no longer bore 
The raging moBtle^ ; but with arms beset 
His house^ and vengeaiice and de^ruction threat. 
They fire bis fMilaoe : while the flame ascends. 
They fiwce his guards, and execute his firiends. 
He cleave's the crowd, and, favour'd by the night. 
To Turaus* fincndly court directs his flight 
By just revienge the Tuscans set on fire, 
With arms, tbair king to punishment require: 
Their numerous troops, nowmuster'd on the strand, 
My counsel shall submit to your commano. 
Their navy sararms upon tlie coasts : they cry 
To hoisl their anchors ; but the gods deny. 

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An ancient augur, skHM in future faie. 
With these forboding words, restrains their hate; 
" Ye brave in arms, ye Lydian blooU, 4be flaw^ 
or Tuscan 3'oulh, and .choice of sk\lthe\tipaw% 
Whom just revenge against Mesentius* arme, 
To seek your tynnt'e Ueatb by lawiul amaa ! 
Know this: no native of ogr land, may leadL. 
This powerful people : seek a ibfeign baad.'' 

Aw^d with these words, in cainps tb^ atiil.i 
And wait with loi>ging looks, tbeicprDmisHl guide. 
Tarclion, the Tuscan chief, to pie.bfts wal 
Their crown, and ev'ry regBti ornajmmt: - 
The, people join their own with btadesim; 
And all my conduct, as their ii^ing^riBqttire. 
B It the chill blood, that creeps within «flr. ' 
nnd age, and listless limb^ unfit for paia% 
And a soul, conscious of its own decay. 
Have forcM noe to refuse imperial sway. 
My Pallas were more fit to mount the thitMe, 
And should, but he's a Sabine molh^'ft aoa, 
And half a native ; but in you, combiae 
A manly vigour and a fora^gn lioa^ 
V^ here Fate aod sroiling Fortune show itbe way^ 
Pursue the ready path to sov'reii^.siiia^. 
The staff of my declining days»:myaon, 
Shall make your good ^ ill«iQeess-lMi«wn; 
In fighting fields,^ froa^ youtvhaU le«ni<to.dnre. 
And serve the hard apprenticeship of -wsar v 
Yoiir matchless coMrq^e, and your conduct view i 
And early shall be^n t^^admke and cof^you. 
Besides, two hundiid boree he. shall commancU** 
Though few, a warlike, and well chosen band. 
These in my name are listed ; and my son 
As many more has added in his own." 
Scarce had he said : Achates and bis guest, 
With downcast eyes, their «lent grief expresBfct; 
Who, short of succours, and in deep despair. 
Shook at the dismal prospect of tlie war. 

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_ But his bright moiher^ii^ovk a. breaking cloud, 
' To cheer her issue, thunderM thrice aloud : 
Thrice forky ligbttuiig flash'd aloog the sky ; 
And Tyr^rheop- trumpets thi;ice wene teard oo bfgb- 
Then, gasing up, fOj^eated peals^thoy.hear ; 
And, in a l)0av!n Berene,-f?6xlgi^t arnMappeari 
Redd'D}f^)lb|B d^iciSrand gUtt'riiig.aU.axound. 
The tempered nwtaii^ i^kmlvafid yieid a silyer.^oui^d. 
The rest s^9od tmnblii^: itnick with aw^.d^viue, 
£neas only, conscyHis |o. the gigp. 
Presaged th* event, and joyful viewM, above, 
Th* aoeompUiiiM.pi^aiiee of the queen of love 
Then, t9 th Aicvdiaa king: ** This prodigy 
(Dismiss youriiear,) belongs alone to me. 
Heaven calls me to the war : th^ egcpected sign 
Is giv*n of premised aid, Ai»d arms divine. 
My goddess mother, whose indulgeot care 
Foresaw ihe dangers of the growing war, 
This omen gave, when bright Vulcaiiian arms, 
5'B.ted from force of steel by Stygian charms, 
i^nuspended, shone on high : she then foreshowed 
. ipproaching fights, and fields to float in blood. 
""umus sliall dearly pay for faith forsworn ; 
^nd corpse, and swords, and shields, on Tyber borne, 
%all choke his flood: now sound the loud alarms, 
and, Latian troops, prepare your perjurM arms." 

He said, and, rising from his homely throne. 
The solemn rites of Hercules begun, 
And on his altars wakM the sleeping fires; 
Then cheerful to his liousehoki gods retires. 
There offers chosen sheep. Tli* Arcadian king, 
And Trojan youth the same oblations bring. ,;, 

Next, of his men arui ships he makes review ; . 

Draws out the best and ablest of the crew, 
Down witli the fii^Uingifliream,, tbe>i8fu8e run. 
To raise witK joyfiri news bis drooping son. 
Steeds are prepar'd to nraunt tbe Trojan bana« 
Who wait their leader to the Tyrrhene land. 

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ISO MKtn. 

A sprightly courser, Ikiter than th« rest, 

The kins himself presents his royal guest. 

A lion's hide his back and limbs infold, 

Precious frith studded work, and paws of gokt. 

Fame through the Mttle city spreads aloud 

Th' intended mftrch ; amid the fearful crow<»d. 

The matrons b6nt their breasts, dis8dhr« ki teara^ 

And double their devotion in iheir ibart. 

The war at hand appears with more affiright, 

And rises ev'ry moment to the feigbt - 

Then old Evander, with a'elose embroix^. 

StrainM fds departing friertd, andtears overflow hi« foce. 

** Would heavnfY '(said he) my strength atid yoiitft recall, 

.Such as I was beneath npBsn«ste*s wiidl-»- 

Then wheb I made the foremost Ibes retim, 

And set whole heaps of co«M)«erM shieMa«ii fire ; 

When Herilui in isingle fight 1 slew, 

Whom with three lives F^ronia-did'eiKliKi 

And thrice I sent him to the Stygian shate^ 

I'ill the last ebbing soul retdm'd no More« 

Such if I stood renewed, not these vdaims, 

Nor death, should rend m# ftont^my PaHas' anna 

Nor proud Me«entftis, thus, nnajMishVI, boast 

His rapes add mordevs on the Tuscam oettst. 

Ye gods ! ahd-mighty J^>ve! Iff fpity bring 

Relief, and hear a fttther and a klf^ ! 

(f Fate and 5'ou reserve the<fe ^^es to see - • 

My son return'd'with peace and -vicMry : ■ 

if the lov*d boy shall l^less hie fitther'e sight ; 

If we shdl meet again ^^h nvore deUglA ; 

Then draw my life in length ; let me-eHMaiHr 

In hopes of his embiace, the worst ef pain. 

But if your hard deereee— which O ! I diead-^ 

Have doomM to death his ondeserving heMi; 

This, O ! this very moment let me die, 

While hopes and fears in equal balance lie; 

While, yet possessed t)f all his youthful charma, 

I strain him ck)se within these aged aims>- 

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MtfEia, HI 

Oefbi^ that fatal news tny soul sliall woond !** 
He said, and, swoon'mg, sunk upon the eround. 
His servants bore Mm off, and softly laid 
His languish*d limbi upon hit homely bed. 

The horsemen march ; the gate* are open*d wide ; 
iEiieas at their head, Achates by his side* 
Next these, the Trojaiyieadert rodii along: 
Last, follows in the rear th* Arcadian throng. 
Youne Pbllas shone conspicuons o^er the rest ; 
Glided his arms, embfDicfeHd was bis Test 
So from the seas, exerts Ms* radiant bead 
The star, by whom the lights of heav*n are led ; 
Shakes from his rosy locks the pearly dews. 
Dispels the darkness, aiKi the day renews. 
The trembling wives the wedk and turrets erowcf. 
And follow, with theit* eyes, the dusty ckHid, 
Which winds disperse by fittf, and show ftom fiur 
The blaze of arms, and shields, and sbinmg war. 
The trooDs, drawn up in tieautiiVil anay, 
O'er beamy plains pursue the ready way. 
Repeated peals of shotits are heard around: 
The neighing coursers answer to tbesocmd 
And shake with homy faoofe the solid ground 

A ereenwood 8hade,long for religion known. 
Stands by the trtreikms theft wash the Tusoaa towa 
Encompassed round the gloemy hUls above. 
Which add a holy h6rtat to «ie grt)ve. 
The first inhabirants, of Grecian' bk>od, 
That sacred forest t© SItvaiMia vowed, 
The guardian of their floeks and ftelds^and pay 
Their due devotions bn his tmnual day. 
Not ^r firom' hence, along the river's s^e. 
In tents secure, the Tuscan troops abide, 
^ Tarchon led. I*rtw,*from a rising ground, 
iKneas cast his wondering eyes around. 
And all the Tyrrhene army had in ^ht. 
Stretched on the spacious plain from led to righL 

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132 £N£(S. 

Thither his warlike train the Trojiaii led, • 

Refresh'd his itioii, and wearie<l horses .teri. 

MeantiiTie tJie niolhet -goddess, crovviv'fl with chnriTV^ 
Breaks thiV tlie clouds and brings the fated aruits. 
Within a winding vale she finds her son, 
On tl>e cool river's hanks, retirM alone. 
She shows her heavenly form without dinguise, 
And gives herself to his det>iriug eyes. 

" Behold (she paid) peribrniM, in every part. 
My promise made, and Vulcan^s laboured art. 
Now seek, secnre the Latian enemy. 
And haughty Turnus to the lield defy." 
She said : and, having first her son emhrac'd» 
The radiant arms beneath an oak site plac'd. 
Proud of the gift, he roll'd liis greedy sis^ht 
Around the work, and gaz'd witli vafeldeUghU . 
He lifts, he turns, he poises and a(hnires, ,. • 
The crested hehn, lliat vomits radiant fires : 
His hands the fatal sword and corslet liold. 
One keen with lemperVl steel, oii£ siiif with guldt 
Both ample, flaming both, and beamy bright. 
So shines a cloud, when edg'd with adverse liglii 
He slmkes the pointed spear, and longs to try 
The plaited quishes on Jiis manly »iiig,li; 
But most admires the shield's nwsterious mould, 
And Boinan triumphs rising on the gold : 
For there, emboss'd, the heav^ily smitli had i\ rou^ht 
(Not in the rolls of future fate untauglit ) 
The wars in order, and tlie race divine 
Of warriors issuing from the Julian line. 
The cave of Mars was dressM with mossy greens : 
There, by the wolf, wo..; laid luc ii;iutiKl twins. 
Intrepid on her swelling dugs they ihMng : 
The foster daoi InllM out her ftiwnjng tongue : 
They suckM secure, while hending back her head, 
She iick'd their tender limbs, and fonu'd ttieiu a> ihey 

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Not for frcnu U>ence,«ew Jiomeappeacs, i^Hb-^nc# 
J Tojected for tl;ie rape q( SaiMiue dktnes. 
The^unds wuh sbriaks: .a w&r JstfCCjiedBj 
for breach of public fai|h„An(i uiieT^^mnpl^ UiMddt, 

Here for revenge the Sabine troops contend : 
The Romans there witii anus the prey defend, / 

Wearied witli ledious war, at lengih they cease; 
And both the kings and kmgdonis phghttlie pefice. 
'I'he friendly chiefs, before Jove's altar stand, ,-, ..,. 

oth arinM, with each a charger iu bis hand: :>,'^ 
A fatted sow for sacrifice is led, '\ fi 

With imprecations on the perji;r'd head. ,„ i ,. . ; 

Near this, the traitor Metius, stretch'd between • . 
Four fiery steeds, isdragg'd along the green. 
By Tuilus' doom : the brambles drink his blood ; 
And his torn limbs are left, the vulture's food. 
There, l^orsena to Paime proud Tarquin brings, ; 

And would by force restore the banish'd kings. i 

One tyrant for his fellaw-tyrant fights: „.,„ / 

The Roman youth assert their native rights. »?. 
Before the town the Tuscan army lies, , 

To win by famine, or by fraud surprise. 
Their kin^;, half threatening, half disdaining stood, - 
While (Socles broke the bridge and stemm'd the flood. 
The captive maids Uiere tempt the raffing tide, 
Scap'd from their chains, with CloDlia for their guide, ^ 

High on a rock heroic Maulius stood. 
To guard the temple and the temple's god. 
Then Rotne was poor ; and there you might behold 
The palace, ihatchM with straw, now roof'd witli gold 
The silver goose before the shining gate 
There flew, and by her cackle, sav'd the state, 
She told the Gaids' approach : tlie' approaching Gauls, 
Obscure in night, ascend, and seize live walls. 
The gold dissembled well their yellow hair : 
And golden chains on their white necks tliey wear: ■ 
Gold are their vests: long Alpine spears they wield 
And their left vqi 9UtitAius a length of \$Uield. 


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124 jENEIS. 

Hard by, the leaping Sal\an priests advance : 
And naked through the streets the mad Luperci dance 
In caps of wool ; the targets dropt from heav'n. 
Here modest matrons, in soft litters driv'n, 
To pay their vows in solemn pomp appear: 
Aiicf od*roas gums In their chaste bands they bear. 
Far hence removed, the Stygiart setttn are seen ; 
Pains of the damn*d ; and puni«h*d Catiline, 
Hung on a rock— the traitor; and abound. 
The Furies hissing from ttie nether ground. 
Apart from these, the hkppy souls hcrdravTS, 
And Cato's holy ghost dispensing lavr^ 
Betw ixt the quarters (lovrs * gdlden sea : 
But foaming surges there tn silver play. 
Th*« dancing dolphins with their tails divide 
The gliit'rihg waves, anocut the prefrioos tide. 
Amid the mahi, tw6 mighty fleets en^ge— 
Their braJsen'beaks oppo^ With equal rage. 
Actium surveys the well-iiispufed prize: 
Leucate*8 wat'ry plain with fbftming biUoWfl ft»es. 
Young Caesar, on the stem, in armotir bright, 
Here leads the Romans ited Aeir gbds t6 fight: 
His beamy terfif^es shtxJt theit flames afhr ; 
And o'eif his head is htmg the Julian star. 
Agrippa seconds hftn, with J#os|)'h)ift gafes;"" 
And, with propitious gods, his foes astoils. 
A naval crown, that hinds his mianly brows, 
The happy fortune of tb« fight foreshows. 

Ran^'d on the line oppos'd, Antonius brings 
Barbarian aids, and troops of eastern kings, 
Th' Arabians niear, and Bactriaffas from aftir, 
Of tongues discordant, and a mingled war; 
And, rich in gaudy robes, amidst the strife, 
His iW fate follows him— th' Egyptian wifis. 
Moving they tght: with oars and forky prows 
The froth is gather'd, and the water glows. 
It seems, as if the Cyclades again 
Were -rooted up and juslled in the main; ' 

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Or floating motmtatnc floating mouDtains meet) 

Suob is the fieroe encounter, oi, the fleet 

Fire-balls are thrown, and pointed javelins fly 

The fields of NeMime take.a purple dye. 

The queen herself> amidst the loud alarn^ . 

With cymbals toc&^d, her iainiing soldiers ,vra|an8~* 

Fool as she wa^I who hail not yet divkiM 

Her cruel &te ; nor emw the snakes behind. 

Her country gods, the monsters of the sky* 

Great Neptune, Pallas, and lovers queen, defy. 

The dog Anubis barks, but barks iu vwn, 

Nor longer dares -oppose th* ethereal train. 

Mars hi the middle ol' the shiiung^hield. 

Is graved, and strides along the iH^uld field. 

The DirsB souse from heav'n with swift descend*. 

And Discorti, dy'd in bkM>d, ^th gannents rent, 

Divides the crowd : htt steps Bellona treads, 

And shakes her iron «od abeiw their headSf . . 

This seen, Apollo, from his Actian height. 

Pours down his arrows ; at whose winged flight 

The trembling Indians and Egyptians yield, 

And sojft Sabeeans quit the watery field; 

The fatal mistress hoists her sUken sails* 

And shrinking from the fight, invokes the gales. 

Aghast she looks, and heaves her breast dot breaui. 

Panting, and pale with fear of futuse deaUu 

The god bad nguf d her, as driven along 

By winds and waves, and scudding through the throitg 

Just opposite, sad Nilus opens wide 

His arms and ample bosom to the tide. 

And spreads his mantle o*er the winding coast, 

in which he wraps his queen, and hides the flying host 

The victor to the gods, his thanks^express^d, 

A. id Rome triumphant with his presence blessed. 

1 i.ree hundred temples in the town he placM i 

\A )th spoils and altars every temple gracM. 

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1*26 £NEIS. 

Three shlxfkif nights^ aoad three socceedms (tevs» 
The fields resound with shkHits, Ute streeu witli 

The domes with songs, the theatres with plays^ 
All altars flamie: hefct^B each altar lies. 
Drenched 'm^ hiff gore^ dwdftstHiM sacrifice. 
Great Csesar sits -sublime apon his throne*. 
Before Apoll(/B poroh of- Parian stone ; 
Accepts the presento vowM for viclory, 
And nangs the ntoitumehtatl crowns on high. 
Vast crowds of vanqvisb'd nations march along, 
Various in arms^ in hatnt, and in tongue. , 
Here, Miilciber assinia the pioper place 
For Carians, AilH th^ ungtrti Nuinidian race ^ 
Then ranksthe TifMticians iw the eecoivi m/fr 
With SoyiAmmi «xpert in the dart end liow. 
And here the fanfd Euphrates' humjbly glides; 
And there tiie Rhine suWrnte her swelling tides, 
And proud Araxes,- whom no bridge could bind. 
The Danes' tineonqnen^d offspring march behiH<l ; 
And Morini^ the last of htnnan kind. 
These figures on this tfhield divinely wrought. 
By Vulcan labouf'4, and by Venus brouglit. 
With joy and wonder &ik the heroes thmigiit. 
Unknown the names, he yet admires tlie grace. 
And bears aloft- the fiune and iortune of his ru^ 

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iE N E I S* 


Tal'DUt'Uies A^vantare of Al^neas^s absence, fires some of hk 
tbips (Whteh itM fransfoVni^id ibto sea nymplis.j and a* 
Muits his camir. The 7rbj«iijs-, redoved to Oie last extrcmi 
ties, send N1p» and Euryalttv tDi«ecaM J&Betfii ; whlth fur 
nishfts the poet with llmt adniiwtbte «i»isbdeof their fVteo4 
•hip, g^enerosity, Aod the c«i*cliisi«Bftf thuiv adtvoatare* 

VV HILE these afiairs in distant pbioes passed. 
The various Iris Juno sends with Maste, 
To find bold Turnvs, whoy witb anxious thought,. 
The secret shade of his^feat graodsira sought. 
Retir'd alonej she found tb^ daring bmuIv 
And op'd her ro^ lips, and thus b«gaa : 
** What none of all th«^ gods copld^iiuit thv 
That, Tumust this auspicious day bestows! 
iEneas, gone to seek th' Arcadian prince, 
Has left the Trojan camp without defiances 
And, short of succours there, employs his pains 
In parts remote to raise the Tuscan swains. 
Now snatch an hour that favour» tlry designs i 
Unite your forces, and atiaek their Un^s." 
This said, on equal wtn^ she poised her weighty 
And form'rf a radiatU jfambow in her flight 

riie Daunian hero lifts his hands and eyes, 
am^ thus invokes the goddess as^hc flies: 

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128 ANEIS. 

** tris, the grace of beav'n I what pow*r divine 

Has sent thee down, thtough dusky clouds to shine f 

See, they divide : immortal day appeaxs, 

And glittVing planets dajsgijij^ in tlieir spheres! 

With joy, these happy omens I obey, 

And follow, to the war, j|be,g9(l ihat leads the way.** 

Thus having said, as by the brook he stood. 
He scoopM the water from Um crystal flood ; 
Then,wiih his hands,the drops to heaven he throws. 
And loads the pow^s above with ^erM vows. 

Now inarch the bold confederates through the plain, . 
Well horsM, well clad— a rich and shining train. 
Messapus leads tl)& van ; aad» in. the rear, 
The sous of Tyrrheus in bright amis app4^> 
In the main batde,, witk his lamiiig cra^t, • 
The mighty Turnus tow*rs above the rest. 
Silent they move, maje§tic^j[ly alaw. 
Like ebbing Nile, or Ganges in his flow 
The Trojans view the dusty cloud from far. 
And the dark menace of the distant war. 
Caicus from the rampire saw it rise, 
Black*uing the fields, and thiok'oing thro* the skies. 
Then to his feUowt thus aloud be caHs : 
** What rolling cioudSi my fr&ends, approach the walls ? 
Arm ! arm ! and man the woiks ! prepare your spears. 
And pointed darts ! the Latian host appears.*' 

Thus warnM, they shut iheir jgates ; with shouts 
The bulwarks, and, secure^their fees attend : 
For their wise general, with foreseeing care. 
Had charged them not to tempt the doubtful wan 
Nor, though provokM, in open fields advance, 
But close within their lines attend their chance. 
Unwillingt yet they keep the strict crNtimand, 
And souny wait in arms the hostile hatid. 
The fiery Tumus flew before die rest : 
A piebald sieed of Thracian strain he press*d ; 
His helm of massy gold ; and crimson was his crest. 

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With twenty horse to seconc^ his designs. 
An unexpected foe, he facM the lines. 
** Is there (he said) in arms who bravely dare 
His leader*8 honour and his danger share ?'* 
Then spurring on, his brandishM dart he threw, 
In sign of war ; — applauding' shouts ensue. 

Amaz*d to find a aastard rac» that rum 
Behind the rampires, and the battle shun, 
He rides around the camp with rolling eye8» . 
And stops at ev'ry post, and e7*ry passage taries. 
So roams the nightly wolf about the fold: 
Wet with descending 4how^^ and stiff with coldt 
He howls for hunger, and he- grins for pain, 
(His gnashing teeth are exercisM in vain) 
And, impotent of anger, finds no way 
In his distended paws to grasp the prey. 
The mothers listen V but me bleating lambs 
Securely sv/ig the dtig, htineath the dams. 
Thus ranges ea»er Tumus o*er the plain, ^ 
Sharp with desire, and furious *with disdttin ; 
Surveys each passage with tt ptersing sight,' 
To force his foes in eljUfltl ileW t«i fight. . 
Thus while he gazes wunH; tn length he epics. 
Where, f^nc'd With sttdnj radtJutots; their navy Itee 
Close underneath "tfc»e WamSt the iTEishing tide 
Secures from aH apbrbachthif weaker side. 
He takes the'^ish*cr^as!on,*fiH8h!8 hand 
With ready fires, and shakes a fiaming brand. 
Urg*d by his presence, ev*ry soot i8-%vAirm'd, 
And ev*ry hand wltti Icf^led fires is arm*d. 
From the fifd pines^the sdatt'riiifg sparkles fly 
Fat vapours, mixM with flames, involve the sky. 
What pow*r, O Muses, could avert the flame, 
Which threaten'd in the fleet, the Trfijan name . 
Tell: for, the fact, through length wf time obscure. 
Is hard to faith ; yet shall the fame endure. 

*Tis*said, that when the chief preparM his fl'iglu, 
And feird his timber fmm mount Ida's height, 

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The granrlatne-goddess then a^roach*d tier son, 
And with a mother's majesty beguu: 
" Grant ine (she said) tlie sole request I bring. 
Since conquerM heaven has own'd you for its kii^^ 
On Ida's brows, for ages past, there stood. 
With firs aiid maples fiW^i a shady wood ; 
And on the suMMiit H»e a sacred grqve. 
Where 1 was worshipped with religious love. . 
Those wood^B, that holy grove, ray long delight, 
I ^ave the Tnuan prince, to speed his flighu 
Now, tiird with ftar, on ibeir behalf I come; 
Let neither winds o'erset, nor waves iqtomb» 
The floating forest of the sacred pine ; 
But let it be their safety to be mine." 
Then thus replied her awful son, who rolls 
The radiant stars, and heay'n and earth controls: 

How dare you, mother, endless date demand, 
For vessels moulded by a mortal band f . 
What then is Pate ? shall bold ^leas ride. 
Of safety certattiv on tW uncertain tide ? 
¥et, what I eitn, I grant: wben« waAed o'er, 
The chief is landed on tbe Latiaii shore. 
Whatever ships escape th« raging storms, 
At my command BbaU-thaoge their Ming forms 
To nymphs divina^ and plough the wat'ry way, 
Like Doto and th« DattgJMers of the sea.'^ 
To seal his saercd tow, by Stvx h« swove, , 
The lake of liquid pilCh, the .dreary sho^e^ 
And Fhlesethonte innivigable flood, 
And the black regions of his bratber'^od. 
ric said ; and stiook the skies with hb imperial uod. 

And now at length the numbered hours were conirt, 
Prefixed by Fate's irrevocable doom. 
When the great moiher of the gods was free 
To save her shipst and fisrish Jove's deccee, 
First, fm^n the quarter of the morn, there sprung 
A light tliat siftii'd the heav'iis, and sIkH along r 

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MNEIS, 13]I 

Then from a cloud, fring*d round wiih golden fires. 

Were timbrils heard, and Bererynthian choirs ; 

And, last, a voice, with more than mortal sounds, 

Both hosts, in arms opposVJ, with equal tiorror wound •« 

*' O Trojan race ! your needless aid forbear ; 

And knoWjUiy ships are my peculiar care. ^^ .., . 

With greater ease, the bold RiHulian may .,jf. n •• < 

With hissing brands attempt to burn the sea. 

Than singe my sacred pines. But you, my cliargo, . . 

LoosM from your crooked anchors, launclt at large^ 

Exalted each a nymph: forsake the sancl, ,*,,.,»- 

And swim the seas, at Cybele's command." lu'uvA 

No sooner had the goddess ceasM to speak, . . ,. ., 

When, lo ! ih' obedient ships their halsers brciik ; 

And strange to tell, like dolphins, in the main 

They plunge their prows, and dive, and spring agaiii, 

As many beauteous maids the billows sweep, 

As rode before tall vessels on the deep. 

The foes, surprised with wonder, stood aghast 5^^^, , . : 

Messapus curbVl his fiery courser's haste : ,,,^, ., . 

Old Tyber roared, and raising up his head, ,,,,,, , , 

Call'd back his waters to their oozy bed. v>,, ./». 

Turnus alone, undaunted, bore the shock, ,.-, .^,, 4 

And with these words his trembling troops bespok«v , ." 

«* These monsters for the Trojans* fate are ineani, ; 

And are by Jove for black presages sent. . ,,^ 

He takes the cowards' last relief away ; <,v .i-. r. • 

For fly they cannot, and constrain'd to stay, ,f , , 

Must yield unfbught, a base inglorious prey. 

The liquid half of all the globe is lost ; 

Heav'n shuts the seas ; and we secure the coast. 

Theirs is no more than that small spot of ground, 

Which myriads of ourmartial men surround. / 

Their fates I fear not, or vain bracle& 

*Twas giv*n to Venus,they should cross tlie seas. 

And land secure upon the Latian plains: 

Their promised hour is passM and mine remains. 

*Tis in the fate of Turnus, to destroy. 

With sword and fire, the faithless race of Troy. 

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13S i-NEIS. 

Shall such affronts as (liese, alone, inflame 

The Grecian broUu-rs, and ihe Grecian name? 

My cause and theirs is one ; a fatal suite. 

And final ruin for a ravish'd wife. 

Was't not enough, that, punished for the crune, 

They ftU— but will they fall a second lime? 

One would have thought'^hey paid enough before, 

To cuise the cost.y sex, and durst offend no more. 

Can they securely trust their feeble wall, 

A slight partition, a thin inter\'al. 

Betwixt their fate and them ; when Troy, though built 

By hands divine, yet perish'd by their guilt ? 

Lend me, for once, my friends, your valiant hands, 

To force from out their liries, these dastard bands. 

Less than a thousand ships will end this war; 

Nor Vulcan needs his fated arms p.epare. 

Let all the Tuscans, all th' Arcadians, join ! 

Nor these, nor tnose, shall frustrate my design. 

Let them not fear the treasons of the night. 

The robb'd Palladium, the pretended flight: ' 

Our onset shall be made in open light. 

No wooden engine shall their town betray: 

Fires they snail have around, but fires by day. 

No Grecian babes before their camp appear, 

Whom Hector's arms defdin'd to the tenth tardy year. 

Now, since the sun is rolling to tlie west, 

Give we the silent night to needful rest; 

Refresh your bodies, and your arms prepare t 

The mom shall cud the small remains of war." 

The post of honour to Messapus Ifalls, 
To keep the nightly guard ; to watch the walls ; 
To pitch the fires at distances around. 
And close the Trojans in their scanty ground. 
Twice sev*n Rutulian captains ready stand ; 
And twice sev'n hundred horse these chiefs ccmmarnJ. 
All clad in shining arms the works invest ; 
Each, with a radiant helm, and waving crest. 

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StretchM at their length, they press the gr^sy ground . 
They laugh ; they shig -, (the jo% bowls go found) 
With lights and cheerful tires renew the dav. 
And pass the wakeful night in feasts and play. 

The Trojans from above, their foes beheld, 
And with armM legions all the rampires (iird, • 
SeiK*d with aflfrigbt, their gates they first exiilore ; 
Join works to works with bridges, tow^r to tow*r ; 
Thus all things needful for defence abound t 
Mnestheusand brave Serestus walk the round 
CommissionM by their absent prince to.share . 
The common danger, and divide the care. 
The soldiers draw their lots, and, as they fall. 
By turns relieve each other on the waU. 

Nigh where the foes, their utmost guards advance. 
To watch the gate, was warlike Nisus^ chance. 
His father Hyrtacus of noble blood ; 
His mother was a huntress of the wood. 
And sent him to the wars. Well could he^bear 
His lance in fight, and dart the flying spear, r 

But better skilrd unerring shafts to send, 
Beside him stood Euryahis, his friend-^ 
Euryalus, whom the Trojan lu>st 
No ftiirer Aipe, or sweeter air, xpuld boast 
Scarce had the down to shade his cheeks begun. 
One was their care, and their delight was one. 
One common hazard in the war they sharM ; 
And now were both by choice upon the guard. 

Then Nisus thus: " Or do the gods inspire 
This warmth, or make we gods of our desire ? 
A generous ardour boils within my breast, 
Ea^r of action, enemy to rest: 
This uiges me to fight, and fires my mind. 
To leave a memorable name behind. 
Thou seest the foe secure ; how faintly shme 
Their scattered fires ! the most, in sleep supine, 
Along the ground, an easy conquest lie . 
The wakeful few the fuming flaggon ply: 

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All hush'd around. Now hefeir what I resoly©— 
A iboiight unripe— and scarcely yet resolve. 
Our absent prince both Camp and council mourn; 
By message both would hasten his return : 
If thev confer what i demand, on thee, 
(For filine is recompcttse eriough fbr me) 
Methinks, beneath ycFn hilf, I have espied 
A way that safely will my passage guide." 
Curyalus stood listening while he spoke ; ' 
With love of jirVise, and noble envy struck ; 
Then to his arddnt friend exposM his mind : 
** All this alohe, and leaving me behind ! 
Am i unworthy, Nisus, to be join'd ? . 
Think'st thou I can my sharfe of glory yie\6f 
Or send thee unassisted to the field f 
Not so my ftither taught my childhood arms- 
Bom in a siege, and bred among alarms. 
Nor is my youtn Unworthy of my firiend, 
Nor of Ine heaven-tx)m hero I attend. 
The thing etSVd lifi?, v^ith ease I can disclaim. 
And think it over-soW to purchase fame." 

Then Nisus thus : •« Alas ! thy tendet yeaw ^ 
Would minister new Matters to my fears, ' 
So may the gods, whj view this friendly strife, 
Restore'me to thy IbVM embrace with life. 
Condemn'd to pay ray votvs (as sure 1 trust) 
This thy request is cruel and uniust. 
But if some change- as many chances are, ' 
And doubtful hazard^, in the deeds of war— 
If one should reach my head, there let it fall. 
And spare thy life: I Would not perish all. 
Thy blooming youth deserves a longer date r 
Live thou to mrtum t*iy love's unhappy fate, 
To bear my mangled body from the foe. 
Or buy it back, and fim'ral rites bestow. 
Or if hard fortuhe shall those dues deny. 
Thou canst at least an empty tomb supply. 

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O ! let not me the widow*8 tears renew ; 

Nor let a motfier*s curse my name pur$4ie< 

Thy pious parent, who, for lave ot .thee, 

Forsook tlie coasts of. frieodly Siciiyt - ■ ' > 

Her age committing to. the seas aiid wind, 

When ev'iy "wtary matron staid behind.*' 

To this, Earyaius: «s¥ou plead in vaift. 

And but protract tlie cauae you caanot gain. 

No more delays ! but baste !" With that he wakes. 

The nodding watch : each to bis ioffico takes, 

The guard relieved, ibe generous coupk went 

To find the coonoil at the loyal lent. 

All creatinres else forgot tbeir daily (jarc, 

And sleep, lbe.commoii gift of natuie, share ; 

Except the Trojan peers, who wakeful sate 

In nightly council fbc tlie endangered state. 

They vote a message to their absent chief. 

Show their disupess^ and beg a swiAjrelief. 

Amid the camp a silent seat tliey^ chosey 

Remote from clamouri and secure irom foes. , . 

On their left arms their ample shields, they bear, 

Their right indinM upon the beading spear. 

Now Nisus and his frt«id approac^h tiie guard. 

And beg admission, eager to be beard-^ 

Th* affair important, not to be deferred. 

Ascanius bids them lie conduced in, 

OrdVing the itvove expriencMl to begin. 

Then Nisus-thos: " Ye fiiEthers, lend yooveans; 

Nor judge our bold attempt beyond ouif years. 

The foe, securely drenchM in sleep and wine^ 

Neglect their watch ; the !ii^s but thinly shinfti; 

And, where the smoke in cloudy vapours flies, 

Cov'ring the plain, and cmrling to the skies, 

Betwixt two paths which at the gate divide, 

CJ()«?e >-y theV^ a passage we have spied, 

VVhicn will our way to great ^neas gtiidc 

Expect each hour to see him safe again, 

Loaded with spoils of foes in battle slain. 

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13($ JSNEIS. 

Snatch we the lucky minute while we may: 
Nor can we Ije mistaken in the way; 
For, hunting in the vales, we both havd seen 
The rising turrets, and the stream between ; 
And know the winding course, with ev^ry lord.*' 
He ceas'd : and old Afethes took the word. 

** Our country gods, in whom our trust we place, 
Will yet from ruin save the Trojan race. 
While we behold such dauntless worth appear 
In dawning youth, and so^ so void of iinur.*' 
Then into tears of joy the father bvoke ; 
F^ch in his longing arms by .turns he took'; 
Panted and paused; and tbuta^in he«poke« 
** Ye brave yoong men, what equal gifts can we, 
In recompense of such desert^ decree ? 
The greatest siire, and best you can receive. 
The gods and your own conscious worth will give. 
The rest our grateful gen'ral will i>estow. 
And young Ascanius, ttU his manhood, owe." 
** And I, whose welfare ki my fether lies, " 
Ascanius adds, **'by the great deities, 
By my dear countiy, by my household gods, ' 
By hoary Vesta's rhes and dark abodea. 
Adjure you both — (on you my fortune stands; 
That and my faith 1 plight into your bands) — 
Make me but happy m kis safe return. 
Whose wanted pnssence I CfUB only mourn ; 
Your common gift shaU two kuge goblets be 
Of silver, wrought with eurious hnag^'ry. 
And high embosbM, which when old Priam reignM, 
My conquering sire at sacked Arisba gained, 
And, more, two tripods cast in antique mould. 
With two great talents of the finest g(4d ; 
Beside a costly bowl, engrav'd with art. 
Which Dido gave, when first she gave her heart. 
But, if in conquered Italy we reign, 
When spoils by lo( the victor shall obi» — 

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Thou saw*st tkeoourser by fMroud Tunms prtssM, 
That Nisus ! and bis arms, and nodding orett. 
And shield, from chance exempt, shall be thy share ; 
Twelve laboring slaves, twelve handmaids young 

and fair. 
All clad in rich attire^ and traaa^d with care ; 
And, last, a Latian field with fn»itfijl plains. 
And a large portion of the King's domains. 
But thou whose years a^ce more tD uMne rallied,. 
No fate my vowM affeetion shall divide . 
From thee, heroic youth ! Be wholly mkie; 
Take full possession : all my soul 1& thine. 
One &ith, one fiune^ and late, shall both atveiid ; 
My lifers companion, and ray bosoni £rieud^ 
My peace shall be oommined to tby care; 
And, to thy conduct, my coocemft in war/* 

Then thus the yoiing Euryalus replied : 
** Whatever fortune, gocxl or bad, betide. 
The same shall be. my age, as now my youth ; 
No time shall find me wanting -to my truth. 
This only linam your goodness let me gain— t 
(And, this ungraoted, ail rewards. a]:e vain ) 
Of Priam^ roy^ race my: mother earner^ 
And sure the best that evec bote theiiameT- 
Whom neither Tiroy nor.Sicaly «ould bold 
From me departing, but, overspent and old, 
IVfy fote she followed. Ignorant «f this 
(Whatevcv^^danger, neither partiag kiss , 
Nor pious blessing taken, her I leave* 
Ard in this only act of aill my lilia deceive. . 
Bv this right hand, and conscious night l^weajr. 
My soul so sad a farewell coukl not bear.. 
Be you Iter comfort 4 fill my vacant place ; 
(Permit me to presuiir»e so great a grace ) 
Support her ag^, forsaken and dislressM. 
That hope alone will fortify my breast 
Against the worst of fortunes, and of fears.** 
He said. The mov'd assistants melt in tears. 

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1^ MKEiM. 

Then thus Ascanius, wondierstruck to set . 
That image ^ bis filial piety ; 
** So great beginnings, in &o green an age. 
Exact ihe ^ith- whicli 1 again engage. 
Thy mother all the dues sliall justly claim« 
Creiisa had, and only wautthe nameb 
Wiiate'er event thy lx>id;attempt shall liave« 
*Ti8 merit to have bom a son so brave. 
Now by my head, a sacred oatlvl swear, 
(My father usM it ) what, returning here 
Crowned with soccesSf i for tliyself prepare. 
That, if thou £ail, shall thy lov'd mother share." 

He said, and weeping while he spoke the word. 
From his broad'belt he ilrew a sluoios swoid, 
Magnificent with gold. Lyeaon made, 
And in an iv'ry scabbard sheathed the blade. 
This was his gift. Giieat Moestbcus gave bis friend 
A lion^s hide, his body to defebd ; , . . . 
And good Alethes fumish^d him. beside, . , 
W itli his own trus^ beUm of temper tried. 

Thus arm^d ttie^ weal. . The noble Trojans wait 
Their issui^gJiMFtlvAiid follow to the gate 
With prayers iind vowa.. Above <he ^est appeaea 
Ascanius, manly far< beyond, his years, 
And messages committed to tliekr caro, . 
Which all in winds wese lost, and flitting air. 

The trenches- first they passM ; then took their way 
Where their proud foes in pitched pavillionslay ; 
To many fatal, ere themselves » were slain. 
They found -the carelssss host«Uspers d upon the plain. 
Who goig'd and drunk with wine, supinely snore. 
UnharnessM chariots stand along the shore: 
Amidst the wheels and reins, the goblet by, 
A medley of debauch and war,- they lie. 
Observing Nisus showM his friend the sight; 
** Behold a conquest gainM without a t^lA. 
Occasion offers ; and I stand preparM : 
Tliere lies our way : be thou upon the guard. 

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£N£IS. 139 

And look around, while I securdy go, 

And hew a passage through the sleeping foe .•* 

Softly he gpoke ; then, striding, took liis way, 

With his drawn sword, wh^re haughty Rhanum lny; ' 

His head rais'd high oil tapestry beneath, 

And heaving from'flis tififeafti, hfe drew his breatli-^ 

A king and proptiei, hf king Tumiis^ lot*d ; • • 

But fate by presciencfe cattriot be reniovM. 

Him and his sleeping stares be stew ; thett s^^nies 

Where Remus, with his riCh'^tintie, fifes. ' > . . 

His armour-b'ezft'er first, afid next btf fclHs 

His nharioteelr- intrcnch'd bctwttt the'wbeets 

And his loy'd Hoi^ses ; last inTfldes'thrtr lord t ' 

Full on his neck ire drive* tb^'fktal-s^voM: 

The gaspirtg head fltesoff;' a pui^teflb** " 

Flows from the tnink, that wehei^in'the blo6^, 

Which, by the spurning h<«l8tlispers*d'*iroUh<li 

The bed besprinkles, and bedews the griHind. 

Lamus the bold, and Lattiyttts the- s^fotig,** 

He slew, and then Sfe'nantrt fait' kftdyoongi 

From diOT and wine the ybuth teftli-^dto W?t, 

And puiTd the fumy god fh)m otit his bt^e^stc 

E*en then he dteam'd of "drink and loeky i^lAy-^ 

More lucjky, had it lasted "tiH the day. 

The famished ITon thus, with hunger bold,' <t 
O'erileaps the ffefjces of the nightly fbW, 
And tears the peaceful ^ocks: With sHttJl «w» 
Trembling they^e, and jittnt betrtfttH bte paw. 

Nor with lels rkge EurValui ethploys 
The wrathful sword, or fewer foes deAroys; 
But on th* ignoble crowd his ftwy ftew: 
He Fadus, Hebesus, and Rho^s ^ew. 
Oppressed with heavy sleep the fonnter filll, 
But RhoBtus wakeful, arrd Hobservirrgallt 
Behind a spacious jar He sVmkM fbr fear: 
The fatal iron found and reach'd him there^ 
For, as he rose, it piercM his naked side, 
And, reeking, Uieuce return'd in crimson dy'd. 

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HO £N£IS. 

The wound pours out a stream of wine and blood 
I'he purple soul comes floating in the flood. 

Now, where MessafHis quarter'd, they arrive. 
The fires were Jaintiilg thei-e, and just alive : 
The warrior-horses, tied in order, fed. 
Nisus observed the di8cipliue,.and said: 
" Our eager thirst of blood may both betray ; 
And see the soauer'd stueaks ai dawning day, 
Foe to aoctu r aal thefts. .No more, my Sieod : 
Here let our glutt«l execution end. 
A lane through slaiugbterM bodies we ha>'e- made 
l*he bold EiMyakis, though loth obey'd. . 
Of arms an(iarr«s^and of plate they find 
A precious load ; •but these tiiey leave behind. 
Yet, Ibnd of gawdy spoils, the boy would stay 
To make the rich caparison his prey, 
Which OB the -steed of conquer^ Rhamnes lay. 
Nor did his c^ee less loogiagiy behold 
The girdle-belt, with nails ch burnish'd gold. 
This present Gssdicus the rich bestowM 
On Remulus, wh«n friendship ficst they vow*d. 
And, absent, joined in hospitable ties: 
He, dying, lo his heir bequeathed the prize ; 
Till by the conquering Ardean troc^ oppressed 
He fell ; and they the glorious gift possessM. 
These glittering spoils (now made tiie victor*s gaiii) 
He to his hody. suits, but suits in vain. 
Messapus* helm he finds among the rest 
And laces on, and weacs the waving crest. 
Proud of their conquest, prouder of their prey, 
I'hey leave the camp^ ana take the ready way. 

But far they had not passM, before^thay spy^d 
Three hundred horse, with Yolsoens for their guide. 
The queen a legion to king Turnus sent: 
Dut the swift hcnrse the slower foot prevent, 
A *d now, advancing, sought the leader's tent. 

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AKEI9. 141 

T* ey saw the pair; ibr, through the doubtful shad«, 

His shining helm EurjradiM betmyM, 

On which' the nnoon with foU reflection playM. 

** Tis not for-DOught,** oried Volscens Mmi the crowd , ' 

** These men go there :** then raised his voice aloud : 

«* Stand ! stand ! why thu» in amsf «nd whither bent^ 

From whence, to whomf and on what enand ■eot?** 

Silent they seud away, -and hasis their flight 

To neighb^rmg woods, arul trust thsmBei as- tonight. 

The speedy horse al! passtM^s belay^ 

And spur their iraoking steads to erose tbakr way ; 

And watch each entrance of the winding wood, 

Black was the fottestt thick with heecfh it stood^ 

Horrid with fern, and intvioate with Ihom e 

Few paths of human feet, of tracks of beaeis, were worn. 

The darkness of the shades^ hk heavy prey^ 

And fear, misled the younger frtmi his way. 

But NIsus hit the turns wi^ happier hael^ 

And, thoughtless of his friend, the forest passM, 

And, Alban plains (Ihom AlbaM ttame so eail*d) 

Where khhg Latihus then Ms axt/n Mall*d ; 

Till, turning at the ledgth, he-«Hfod his tgroimdt, 

And roiss*d his^friend, antl mst hi» eyes around. 

** Ah wretch !^ he cHe(>— *<^Krhere ha^^e I left' behind 

Th» unhappy ywith f where shall I hope to- find ? 

Or what way take f" AgftiA +»e ventures back. > 

And treads the mazes of his former triwyk.' - • 

He winds the wood, and,1ist*mn0, hears the-ix>ise 

Of trampling coursers, and the riders' volhe. 

The sound approachM ; and suddenly he view'd 

The foes inclosing, and his flriend puvsu'd, 

Forelaid and taken, while he strove in vain 

The shelter of the friendly shades to gain. 

What should he next attempt ? what arms employ. 

What fruidese force to free the captive boy f 

Or desp*rate should he rush, and lose his life. 

With odds oppressed, in such unequal strife ! 

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143 JUfBIf. 

ReaolvM at length, his poioted^ spear 1m shook ; 

And casting on the niooo a mournful Jook . 

<* Guardian of groves, and goddess of the night t 

Fair queen !" iMtsaid, *<difectn>y dart arigl)C. 

If e'er my pious father Sof ray sake, 

Did grateful oCFViogs oa thy altfirs make, 

Or I increased, them, with my i^lvaa toilsi, • 

And hung tliy holy rooia with sav^^ -spoils. 

Give me to .scatter these." . Thee firom his ear 

He pois*d, and aim^dyainl latviok'd the trembling spear. 

The deadly weapooy hissing fmm theg^rov^ • 

Impetuous OB the back of Sulmo drove ; 

PiercM bis thin ajMiour, dr^nk his vital blood, 

And in his body leift the ANTokoa wood. 

He staggers round t hit ej^eihalls troll in death ; ; 

And, with short soha, he^spaaiway hjs breath. 

All stand atna&*4:*-a4«eQ9nd jav'li» flies , < > 

With equal strength^ an4 qiiiiyteys ihfough the skiea. 

This through thy lemplef, T«ig^iSt^£>re^d the way, • 

And in the bcaiii*pan'waniily/l)Mci'^ lay. 

Fierce Volscena ima& wkh jaga, and, gazing jtpund« 

Descried not tiim who gave the fa^U wound, , 

Nor kneur to fix revenge : *' But thou," be crifs^ , 

** Sbalt pay for both/* and at the prisoner flies . 

With his drawn sword. Theny struck witii deep^leispair. 

That cruel mf^ the lover «ouid not bear ^ . 

But fimm his covcft rushM in open vJew, 

And sent his voiea before hha as he flew: . ., ,. • 

" Me ! me !" be cried'-**' turn all youf «words atone 

On me-rthe fact coalessf d^ the &ult my own. 

H») neither could nor durst* tlie guiltless youth*- 

Yu moon and stars, bear witness to the truth I 

His only crime (if flriendsbip can offend) 

If too much love to bis unhappy friend.** 

T.x) late he speaks;— the sword with fury guides, 

Dnv*n with fU\ force, Inidpierc'd his tender sides. 

Duwn foil the beauteous youth ; the yawniiig wound 

Gu8h*d out a purple stream, and staiii*d the ground. 

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^NEIS. 143 

His snowy neck reclines.upon his breast, , 
Like a fair flow'r by tlie keen share oppressM— - 
Like a white poppy sinking on the plain» 
Wliose heavy head is oveicharg'd with cain. 
Despair and rage, and vengeance justly vow'd, 
Drove Nisus headlong on the hostile crowd. 
Volscens he seeks; on him alone he bends; • 

Born back and borM by his surrounding friends, 
Onward lie pressM, and kept him still in sigbt, . 
Then wUirlM aloft his sword with all his might: 
Til' unerring steel descended while he spoke, 
Pierced his wide nioulh, and through his weazon brok«< 
Dying he slew ; and stagg'ringon the plain, 
With swimming eyes he sought his lover slain ; 
Then quiet on his bleeding bosom fell, 
Content, in death, to be reveogM so well. 

O happy friends ! for, if my verse can give , . , . 
Immortal life, your fame shall ever hve. ,; . .■ 
Fix*d as the Capitol's foundation lies, ' , . . 

And spread, where'er tlie Roman eagle flies ? ' ,, . 

The conq'ring party first divide tlie prey, ' ,' 
Then their slain leader to the camp convey. 
With wonder, as,lhey went, the troops were (i\\% 
To see such numbers .whom so few had kill'd. 
Sarranus, Rhamnes, and the rest they found : 
Vast crowds tiie dying and the dead surround,; 
And the yet reeking blood o*erflow:s the ground. 
All knew the helmet which Messapus lost, -. 

But mourtrd a purchase that so dea»- had cost. 
Now rose the rudy morn from Tithon's bed, 
And with the dawn of day the skies o'erspread: 
Nor long the sun his daily course withheld, 
But added colours to the world revealM ; 
When early Turnus, wak'ning with the light, 
All clad in armour, calls his troops to fighu 
His martial men with fierce harrangues he (u'df 
And his own ardour in their souls inspirM. 

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144 iENEIS. 

This done — to give new terror to his foes, 
The head of Nisus and his friend he shows, 
Raised high on pointed spears — a ghastly sight ! 
Loud peals of snouts ensue, and barbarous delight. 
Meantime the Trojans run, where danger calls : 
They line their trenches, and they man their walls 
In front extended lo the left they gtood : 
Safe wa% the right, surrounded by the flood. 
But, casting from their tdw^rs a firiehtful view, 
They saw the faces, which tbo weff they knew, 
Though then disguis'd in death, and sniear*d aJlo*er 
With filth obscene, and dropping putrid gore. 
Soon hasty fanie through the sad city bears 
The mournful message to the mother's ears. 
An icy cold benumbs her limbs: she shakes: 
Her cheeks the blood, her hand the web forsakes. 
She runs the rampires round amidst the war. 
Nor fears the flying darts: she rends her hair, 
And fills with loud laments the liquid air. 
•* Thus then my, lov'd Euryalus appears ! 
Thus looks the prop of my declining years ! 
Was't on this face my fainish'd eyes I fed? 
Ah ! how unlike the living is tlie dead ! 
And couldst thou leave me, cruel, thus alone f 
Not one kind kiss from a departing son ! 
No look, no last adieu, before he went, 
In an ill-boding hour to slaughter sent ! 
Cold on the ground, and pressing foreign clay, 
To Latian dogs and fowls he lies a prey ! 
Nor was I near to close his dying eyes, 
To wash his wounds, to weep his obsequies 
To call about his corpse his crying friends, 
Or spi-ead the mantle (made for oilier ends) 
On his dear body, which I wove with care. 
Nor did my daily pains oi nichtly labour spare. 
Where shall I find his corpse? what earth sustains 
His trunk dismembered, and his cold remains ? 

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For this, alas ! I left a\y needful ease, 
ExposM my life to winds« and winter aeae i 
U any pity touoh Rutulian hearts, 
Here empty all your quWers, ail ycHir (terts; 
Or, if they faU, thou, Jove, conclude my wq» 
And send me Hmnder-smick to shades below.** 

Her shrieks and olaroours pieice the Trofaiit* tan, - 
Unman their 4^Mirage, and augment tlMir-ietunc 
Nor young Ascanius eoukt the sigjht inet«in» , '» 
Nor old llioneutf bis tears mstiah^ 
But Actor and leteus joiMly lent^ 
To bear the maddhig mother to her tent. 
And now the trampets terribly, fhim Ar, 
With rattling clangpur roose the sleqagr war. 
The soldier^ shouts succeedthe braaea soufide; 
And heav*n from pole to pole tbe noise rebouuds. 
The Volscians bear their shields n^ea their head. 
And, rushing forward, form a moving shed, 
These fill the ditch ; those pall the bulwarke down . 
Some raise the ladders; others scale the town* 
But, whei-e votd spaces en the walla appear, 
Or thin defence, they poor their Ibrces there. 
With poles an^ missive Weapons, kom aiar 
The Trojanri kept aloof the missive war. 
Taught by the^ ten years* siege defensive fights 
And roll down ribs of -rocks, an unresisted mreig^. 
To break the penthouse with the pond*ro«a bluWt 
Which yet the patient Volsoians undergo-^ 
But could not bearth* unequal combatlong; 
For, wherb the Tru^ans ind the thickest throag. 
The ruin foils t their shftttev*d shields ^ve way, 
And their crushed heads become an easy prey. 
They shrink for fear^ abated of . their lag^ 
Nor longer dare in a blind ^ht engage^ 
Contented now to gall* them from below* 
With darts and slings, and with the distant bow* . 

Elsewhere Mesentius^ terrible to view, t., 

A blazing piue within the trenches threw. 

vol.. ii. 10 

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146 M,KK19 

But brave Messapus, Neptune's warUke soti^ 
Broke down the palisades, the trenches won. 
And loud for ladd&rs caUs^ to scale the towai 

Calliope, begin ! je ssMcred Nine, 
Inspire yout poet in his high design, 
To sing ivhst slkaghter raanly Turnus oiadet 
Wfaftt «ouls he sent below the Stygian sliade. 
What fame the sokJiers with^ thetr captaii» stnre, 
And the ▼astekeiiit of the faiael war: 
For you, in singing mart iail iK^ta, excel ; 
Y'ou best remember, and alone caa teli 

Therd stood « tower amaiing to the sight, . ^ 
Built up of beamd, and of stupendous height: 
Art, and thenatoreof the plaoe, conspir'a. 
To fumisiraill the strength' that war required 
To level this the btdd Italians joia; 
The wary Trqjane obvialte theiri^ieeign ; 
With weighty sCones overwhelm tlieir troops below, 
Shoot through the loopholes, and sharp javelins throw. 
Turnus the ehief, tossM from his thundering band, 
A«a>5)sr the wooden walls, a flaming brand/ 
It stuck, ine ftery plague : the winds #ere high ; 
The planks were seasonM and the timber dry. 
Contagion caught the posts ; ii spread alqng, 
ScorchM and to distance drove, the saatter'd throng. - 
The Irojan^fled : the fire pursued amain. 
Still gachVing fait tipon tlie trembling train ; - 
Till,crowdtn| to the corners of tine wfUl, . _ 
Down the x^nee and the defenders &11. ^ .^^ 
The n>lj|$Aty flaw malLeeheav'a itself resound : ^ -^ 
The dead and dying Trujass strow the ground. 
The tow>, that fidlowMon the ismcn crew, 
Whelm*d o'er their heads, and buried whom it slew . 
Some stuck upon th* darts theinaeives bad sent ; 
AU the same sqaeA turn unAtvc^ent. 

YouYir L^cue and Helendrronly 'scape ; 
Sav'd— now> Uiev know iiat-'frfjn> the steepy iuapi 


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JEI7EIS. 147 

Helenor, elder of the two; by birth. 
On one side royal, one a son of earth. 
Whom to the Lydian king, Lycirania bare. 
And sent her boasted bastard to the war : . 
(A privilege which qone but free^iMvi ehare.^. 
Slight were his arms, a sword and silver shield.* 
No marks of honour charg'd its empty field. . 
Light as he fell, so li^ht tho jouth arose^ 
And, rising, found hnnself amidst Ais foes ; 
Nor flight was left, nor hopes to force l^is w&y. 
Embolden'd by despair, he stood at bay ; 
And, like a stag, wliom all the troop surrounds 
CM* eager huntsmen and inva<ling liounds-^ 
Resolved on death, he dissipates his fears. 
And bounds aloft against thepoioted spears: 
So dares the youth, secure of death ; and Uirows 
His dying body on his thickest foes. 

But Lycus. swifter of his feel by for, 
Runs, doubles, winds, and turns, amidst the war : 
Springs to th^ walls, and leaves his foes behind^ 
And snatches at the beam he first can find ;. 
Looks up, and leaps aloft at all the stretchy 
In hopes the helping hand of some kind friend to nmcb ^ 
But Turnus followed hard his bunted prey, . . 
(His spear had almost reach*d him in the way. 
Short of his reins, and scarce a span behind). . 
" Fool I" said the chief, " tho* fleeter tbafi.the wkid, 
Ck)uldst thou presume to *scape,- when I pinaim?" 
He said, and downward by tne ftfet he drew 
The trembling dastard ; ki the tug he fails: 
Vast ruin^ come along^ rentfibm the smoking walto. 
Thu? on some silver swan, or tini*rous hare, 
Jove's bird comes sousing down from upper aiir } 
Her crooked talons truss the fearful prey : - 
Then out of sight she soarsj and wings nei way. 
So seizes the grim wolf the tendei lamb, 
in vain lamented by the bleating dkia. 

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148 £NEIS. 

J hen rusning onward with a barbarous cry, 
The troops of Turnus to tlie combat fly. 
The cUtch with iaggots iill'd, the daring foe 
Toss'q' firebrands to the steepy turrets throw. 

[lioneus, as bold Lucetius came 
To force the gate, and leed the Jiindling flame, 
RoU'd d(»wn the fraemeat of a rock so right, 
It crushM him double underneath the weight. 
Two more young Liger and Asylus slew : 
To bend the iww ^oung Liger better Itnew ; 
Asylus best the pointed javUin threw. 
Brave Cseneus laid Qrtygiu9 on the plain ; 
The victor Caeneus was by Turnus slain. 
By tiie same hand, Clonias and Itys fall, 
Sagar, and Idas standing on the wall. 
From Capys' arms, bis mte Privernus found : 
Hurt by Themilla first— buj slight the wound,— 
His shield thrown by, to mitigate the smart, 
He clappM tus hand upon the wounded part : 
The second shaft came swift and unespied, 
And piercM his hand and naiPd it to )iis side. 
Transfixed his bleeding hmgs, and beating heart: 
The. soul came issuing out, and hiss'd against the dart: 

The son of Aicens slionc amid the rest, 
In glittering armour and c^ purple vest, 
(Fair was his face, bis eyes inspiring love) 
bred by his father in the. Martian grove. 
Where the fat altars of Pelicus flame, 
And sent in arms to purchase early fame. 
Him when he spied, from far, the Tuscan king 
Laid by the lance, and took him to the sling, 
'I'hrice whirPd the thong arpund his head, and threw : . 
The heated lead half melted as it flew : 
It pierc'd his hollow temples and his brain ; 
The youth came tumbling down, and spurnM the pla^n.. 

Then young Ascanius, who, before tiiis day. 
Was wont in woods to shoot the savage prey, 
First bent in martial strife, the twanging bow, 
•^nd exercised against a human iae — 

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£lfKf8. 149 

With this bereft Numanus of his life, 
Who Tumus* younger sister took to wife. 
Proud of his realm, and of his royal bride, 
Vaunting before his troops, and lengthen^ with « 

In these insulting terras the Titjan he dehed : 
" Twice conquei*d cowards ! now your shame is 

shown — 
Coop*d up a fleeond tHne within 3rour town ! 
Who dare not issoe forth in open field, 
But hold your widls beforie y6u for a shield. 
Thus treat yott war ? thus our alliance force ? 
What gods, what madness Wither steer'd your course ? 
Vou shall not find the sons of Atreus here. 
Nor need the frauds of sly Ulysses fear. 
Strong from the cradle, of a sturdy brood. 
We \xsa our new-born infonts to the flood ; 
There bath'd amid the stream, our boys we hold, 
With winter hardened, and inur'd to cold. 
They wake bt4bte the day to range the wood, 
Kill ere they eat, nor taste uncOnquer*d food. 
No sports, but what belong to war fbey know- 
To break the stubborn colt, to bend the bow. 
Our youth, of labour patient, earn Ihelf bread ; ' ' 

Hardly they work with firugal diet fed. 
From ploughs and harrows sent to seek renown, 
They oght in fields, and storm the shaken town. 
No part of life from toils of war is free, 
No change kt age or difference in degree. 
We plough ana till Wi arms : our oxen feel, 
Instead of goads, the spur and pointed steel : 
Th* inverted tanc^ rtakes furrows in the pliain. 
E*en time, that changes all, yet changes us in vam— 
The body, not the mind — nor can control 
Th' immortal vigour, or abate the soul. 
Our helms defend the younc, disguise the gray •. 
We live by plunder, and dcnigbl in prey. 

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160 JCNfilS. 

Your vests embroider*d wkh rich purple «liine ; . 

In slotii you glory, auid in dances join. 

if our vests have sweeping sleeves ; with feinal^ pTld«i 

Your turbans underneath your chins are Med. 

Go, Phrygians, to 3'our Dindymu^ again ! 

Go, less tlian women, in the, shapes of men!. - ' 

Go! mix'd with eunuchs in the mother^s xiteB, 

(Where with unequal sound the flute iuvitfes) 

Sing, dance, and howl» h/ turns in fda'$«li#de: 

Resign the war to men, .wiio know the tnartial tijade" 

This foul r9{)roach ^scaniu^could ^otol l^i^t 
With patience, or a vow'd levcjjjge for.l?eiii«.. . 
At the iuU stretch of both i»s hapds, hi? ^re>r. 
And almost joined, ti>e horns of the tough yew*.> 
But first before the thvon« oi Jove be sto9d« 
And thus with lifted hands invoked tlie god : 
•» My first attempt, great Jupiter, succeetl J 
An annual ofifering in thy grove shall bleed* . 
A snow-whrte steer, before thy altar led, 1 

Who, like his mother, bears aloft his head» 
Butts with his threatening brows, ,and bellowing 'Stai}d9f 
And dares the %ht, and spurns tlue yellow sands.** 

Jove bow*d the heavens, and lent a gracious eart > > 
And thundered on the left, amidst the d^r. 
Sounded at once the bow ; and, sw^iftly flies 
The fcather'd death, and hisses 'ihfough thQ skies. 
The steel through both his temples. fpic'd the way : 
Extended on the ground, Numanus lay. 
" Go now, vain boaster ! and true valour scora ! 
The Phrygians, twice subdued, yet make this third re- 
Ascanius said no more. The Trojans.ihake 
The heav'ns with shouting, an[d new vigour iak« 

Apollo then bestrode a golden cloudy 
To view the feats of arms, and fighting cipw^ ^ 
And thus the beardless vk^tor he bespoke a|oud : 
" Advance, illustrious youth I increase in fame* 
And wide from east to west, extend thy name— 

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Olfsfiring of gods tbyaelf ; aad Rome shall owe 
To thee a r«UM) of demigods beiow. 
This is the way to boav'Di : the powers divine 
rrom this begii^ing dAte ihe Juliaa line. 
To thee, to them, mad their Tiotorkms faeks. 
The conrfuei'd ww it due ; mod tlie v«tt would is their* 
Troy is ti» narrow for thy oaioe/' He said, 
And plunging downward ibot his ladiaat head ; 
Dispeird the^reathiag air, that broke bis flight 
Shorn of his:beanM» a nno 10 HMirtal sigbtt 
Old Butes* fonn hetooJi^ Aaohieo^ squirer 
Now left to riiltt Ascaotus, by Ims slre« 
His wrinkled visage^ And iiiis hoary hairs, 
His mien, his habii, and kis atme Ik. wears* 
And thus salmes tbe boy, tee leeward for his ytXkfBi 
** Suffice it thee, thy ftitber's worthy son, 
The warlike priie thou bast almaflh^ woa« 
The j5od of archers gives thy 3^uth a part 
Of his own praise, aor envies equal art ' 
Now tempt the war no xaoie." He saicl, «nd 0«.\v 
Obscure in air, and vanisb'd firom their view. 
The Tro^etts, by bis arms, ftheir paitroa knoWr 
And boar the twanging of hie heameoly bow. 
Then duteous force they tec, and J^heebua'.naine,. 
To keep from fight the yauih too fimd of faiMfe, 
Und aunted, they theraeslvet no dingers shun t 
From wall to w«lil,tbe shoots and clamAios tvttxt 
They bend their bows ; they whirl their sUngs^roMtuI : 
Heaps of spent aridws ftUt and alrew thOigrouud ; 
And hehns, and shields, and rAtding arms reeouiMi 
The combat thickens, like the storm that flies 
Prom westward, when the showery Kids arise ; 
ftr patt'rin| hail comes pouring on the laain, 
fV^hen Jupiter descends in hardened rain, 
Dlr bellowmg clouds burst with a stormy sound, 
Vnd with an armed winter strew the grouivi. 
PaiidVus and Bitias, thuuder-boluof war, 
/Vhom Hiera to bold Alcanor bore. 

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152 £Nk:is. 

On Ida^s top— two youths <^ height and sise 
LiKe firs that ou their mother-mduntain lise — . 
Presuming on their force, the gates unbar. 
And of their own accord invite the war, 
With fates averse, against their king^s command, 
Arm*d, on the right and on the le^ thej stand, 
And flank the passage : ehining steel they wear. 
And waving crests above their h^ids appear. . 
Thus two tail oaks, that P^us' banka adorn. 
Lift up to heav'n ttietr leafy iieads unslKiin, 
And, everpresfiM with nature^ heavy load, . 
Dance to the whistling winds, and at eaeh other nod 
In flows a tide of Latioiis, when th^ see 
The gates set open, and the passage iiree: t 

Bold Quercens^ with rasli Traanis rushing on, 
Equicolus,, who in bright armour srione. 
And Hacmon first : but soon repuis'd they fly. 
Or in the well-detended pass ttiey die. 
These with success are nrM, and iiiose with rage ; 
And each on equal terms at length, engage. 
Drawn from their lines, and issuing on the^slain^ 
The Trojans hand to hand the fight inainteun. 

Fierce Tiumus in another quarter fought. 
When suddenly th^ unbop'd^for news was-brought, 
The foes had left the fastness of theur place, 
Prevailed in fight, and had his men in chase. . . 
He quits th* attack, and, to prevent their fate, 
Runs, where tiie giant brothers guard the gate. 
The first he met, Antiphates the brave, 
(But base bisgetten- on a Theban slave<-^ 
Sarpedon's son) he slew: the deadly dart 
Found passage thro* his breast, and pieccM his iieart 
Fix'd HI the wound th* Italian cornel stood^ 
Warm'd in his lungs, and in his vital blood* 
Aphidnus next, and Erymanttius dies. 
And Meropes^ and the «;igantic size 
Of Bitias, threatening with his ardent eye« 

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£fVEr9. 15) 

Not by the feeble dart he fell oppress'd, 

(A dart wpre lost within his rooiuy breast) 

But firom a knotted lance, large, heavy, strong 

Which roar*d like thunder as it wliirlM along ; 

Not two bull-hides th* impetuous force withh(Ad, 

Nor coat of double mall, with scales of gold. 

Down sunk the monster bulk, and pressed the ground, 

(His arms and clattMn^ shield on the vast body sound.) 

Not with less ruin than the Baian mode, 

Raised on the seas, the surges to contio) — 

At once comes tumbling down the rocky wall; 

Prone to the deep, the-^tones disjointed fall 

Of the vast pile ; the ^ttttefd "ocean flies ; 

Black sands, discoloui^ fttHh, and mingted mudj arise, 

The frighted billows roll, and feeek the shores'? 

Then trembles Prochyta, then Ischia roars : 

TyphoBus, thrown beneath by Jove's command, 

AstonishM at the flaw that shalc^i th« land, 

Soon shifts his wear^ side, and, scarce dWak^, 

With wondeflfeels the wei^t press lighter on his back. 

The wfcrribr gorl the Latian troops inspired. 
And strung their ^ews, and their courage fir*d'. 
But chills Uie TVoJ^n hearts ^irith cold affriglft : 
Then black despair precipitate their flight. ' 

When Pandams beheld his brother killM, 
The totvn with fear anffwild corifusion flll'd; 
He turns the Mnges of the heavy gate 
With both Ms hands, tod adds His shoulders to the 

Some happier friends within the waits indM*d ( 
The rest snut ooti to certain tfeafl^ expos'd ; 
Fool as be was, and frantic tn his 6are,' 
T* admit yoohe Tumus, and include the Waf ; 
He thrust amid the crowd, set?urely bold. 
Like a fierce tiger pent afnid the fold. 
Too late his blazing buckler they dCscty, ' 
And sparkling fires that Shot from eSthfer eye, 

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164 *iNEt«. 

His mighty menibers, and his ample bi«ail. 

His rattling armour, and his crimapn cre«L 

Far from that hated ftic« the Trojans fly. 

AU but the fool w^o wught ^is desimy. 

Mad Pandarus steps forSi, with vengpanoe vow d . 

For Bitias' death, and threatens thus aloud v . 

" These are not Ardea's walla, nor ihi» the lov^rn 

Amaia prefers with Lavinia'icmwn: 

♦Tis hostile earth you tread. Of hope ^reft. 

No means of safe return by flight are left. 

To whon^ withcount'na^cecalm. and soul sedate. 

Thus TumuMSi " Then begin ; wid try thy 6ue . 

My message to tlie ghost of Pwn bear ; 

Tell him a nw Achiltes *»^th«^ there. 

A lance of tough ground ash the Trojan Uucw, 
Rough in the rind, *nd knotted as A grew : 
With his full force he whirl'd itfirst around^ 
But the soft yielding air receiv'd the wound • 
Imperial iuuo turw'd the course bqforet 
And fixM the wand'ring w«pop in the 4oor. . 
" But hope not thou," said Tumus, " when 1 .8tnkB» 
To shun thy fete : our force is not alilte, 
Nor thy steel tcropor'd by the Lemnian god, ' 
Then rising, on his utmost stretch he stood. 
And aim'd from high : the fuH des^ndrng^Jo^v 
Cleaves the broad front, and bewr<Ueas checksum *>v^ 
Down sinks the giant with a thund'rmg sound : 
His ponderous limbs oppresf t^ trembluig firoMnd ^ 
Blood, brains, and foam, gush from tne jgapmg 

wotind. , J. . 1 

Scalp, face, and shouidaw, tht »«api^fg*wclP84 

And the shar'dvwige hangs oaiqujifidw, . 
The Trojans ay from thtir approachii?g m^'- 
And, had the victor then •ecur'd 4he ^, 
And, to his troops without, unclos'd the bats,. 
One lucky day bad «nded all his wars. . 
But boiling youth, and blind desire of blo<id< 
Push on his fury, to pursue the crowd. 

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Harastriiig*d b^nd, uabamrG^es died- 
Then Plia!ari» is added to IMS luJe. 
The pointed javHins horn the dead he dreur* 
Aod their friends' mnma^nsc their fellowa threw. 
Strong Ha1y$ stands in vain; weak Phegeus ffics: 
Satumia, gtill at hand, new 'force and fire suppiiet. 
Then HaUtis, Prytanis, Aicaoder lall^ 
Engaged against the foes wiio scalM the waiic 
But wlvMn they fou'id without^ they found within. 
At last, though iatevi>y L^ecushe was seen. 
He calls new succours, and assaults the prince { 
But weak his focoe, and vain is their defence. 
TumM to the right, .iiia sword the hero diew^ 
And at one bloivr the bold a§gi<esBOr slew^ - 
He joints the neck : and wkh astroke so sCroogt 
The helm fiiesodv cmd bears tb& bead along. 
Next him, the birotsnafi, Amycvs^ he kiU'Oi 
In dartsenvcpom^d, ahd in poieoiiBkiU'd. 
T)ien Cfytius foil bei^tli his fotai spear, 
And Creteus, whom tho Muses -held so, dear: 
He fought with eoarage, and he eimg the ight t 
Arms were his bus^ess, <v«ar9es.hi9^etight.. 

The Trojan oiaeh behoH witte nge und ^r^ei, 
Their slaughtev'd ftMOfife, «nd tasten their teXitC 
Bold MneAhsusfaltieafifol tbebrafeeo-taaia. 
Whom brave derastus and iris troopesu^iain^ 
To save the liviog and revenge.thedead^ 
Against one wanlof^ arm aA) Tmy they led. i 

"0, void of eeoBemnd eoaragei^ Mnestheuaened* 
" Where can you hooe your coward heads to hide? 
Ah I where beyoBdjlneaa raropiees ean you run f 
' One man, and -in yaat camp indosM, you Ann I 
Shall then a single awxMrd suoh slaughter boast, 
And pass unpumel^d from a numerous boM? 
Forsaking honour, and reqounolng fome, 
Vour gods, your eountcy^ aad your kingy you shame I*'* 

This just reproach their virtue does excite: 
They stand, they join,^ib(gr thicken .to the fight 

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156 ANEIB. 

Nove Turnus doubts, and yet disdains td yield, 
But witii slow paces measures baolc the field. 
And inches to the walls, where Tyber*8 tide, 
Washing the camp, defends the weaker side. 
The more he loses, they advance the morei 
And tread in every step he trod before. 
They shout ; they bear him bafck; and whom by migfii 
They cannot conquer, 4bey oppress with weight. 

As, compassed witb a wood of spears around^ 
The lordly lion rtiU maintains his ground ; 
Grins horrihie^ retires, and turns again ; 
Threats his distended paws, and shakes hisnrnnei 
He loses w^iile in vain be presses on. 
Nor will his couragie let biin Klare to ran : 
So Turous fibres, and, unresoivM of flight. 
Moves tardy back, and just recedes from fight 
Yet twice eni^*d, thecombatiie-ienews, 
Twice breaks, and twioe bis broken foes ptirsuea 
But now they swarm, and with &nsh trooj^ supplied, 
Couie rolling on, and rush from^etery sMe: 
Nor Juno, vlio sustain^ his arms before. 
Dares with new strength suffice. tb* exhausted store ; 
For Jove, with eourcommands, sent Iris down, 
To force tb* iavadeDtnm tbe frighted town. 

With labeuc ^^Biit,.no longer oan be wield 
The heavy felchioD, or sustain 4he shield. 
Overwhelmed withdarts, wbichifrom a6ir they fling 
The weapohs round bis hoikjw temples ring : 
His goldtti helm gites wajr with Btony Mows 
Batter'd and flat,- and beaten to hw brows. 
His crest is rash^ away ; bis ample shieid 
[s falsified, and round with jav'lins^ird. 

The foe, now feint, the Tiojans overwhelm ; 
And Mnestheus lays bard load upon his helm. 
Sick sweat succeeds, hO'drops at ev^ry pore ; 
With driving dust his cheeks are pasted o*er ; 
Shorter and shorter ev*ry gasp he takes ; 
A.od vain efibrts and burtless blows he make 

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Ami'd as be was, al length he leapM from high, 
Plung'd in the flood, and made the waters fly. 
The yellow god the welcome burden boi-e, 
And wip'd the sweat, and. washed away the gore; 
Then gently wafts him to the farther coaitt. 
And sends him safe to chfejr bis anxious tottL 

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Ji: N £ 1 s. 



/opiter, eftlliDg a couoeil of the fo^ forbida ttmm to •iifRg* 
kB eiuer party. At ^neas* return there is a bloody battle: 
Turaut killing Pallai ; JEneai, Laaiut and Mexeotiua Me- 
xentint isdeicribed m an atheist ; Lansui as a pious and vir 
tuous youth. The different actions and death of these tw»^ 
are the subject of a noble episode. ^ 

X HE gates of heav*n unfold : Jove summons all 
The gods to council in the common hall. 
Sublimely seated, he surveys from far ^ 

The fields, the camp, the fortune of the war, 
And all th' inferior world. From first to lasit, 
The sov'reign senate in degrees are placed. 

Then thus the almighty sire began : ** Ye gods. 
Natives or deiiizens of blest abodes ! 
F*rom whence these murmurs, and this change of mind* 
This backward fete from what was first desiguM f 
Why this protracted war, when my commands 
Pronounced a peace, and gave the Latian lands f 
What fear or hope on either part diviaes. 
Our heav'ns, and arms our powers on diff *rent sides? 
A lawful time of war at length will, 
(Nor need your haste anticipate the doom) 
When Carthage shall contend the world with Rome j 
Shall force the rigid rocks and Alpine chains. 
And, like a flood, come pouring on the plains. 

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JENEI8. 159 

Then is your time for ^^on and debate, 

For partial ikvour, and permitted hate. 

Let now your immature dissension eease : 

Sit quiet, and compose your souls to peace.** . 

Thus Jupiter in fbw unfolds the charge: 
But lovely Venus thus replies at large : 
•*0 pow*r inmiense I eternal energy ! 
(For to what else prot(M:tion can we fly ? 
See*st thou the proud HututlAns, how they dsxti 
In fields, unpunish'd* and insult my cdre .' 
How lofty Turnus vaunts amidst his train, 
In shining asrms triumphant on the plain ? 
G*en in their Ikies ana treiliehes they contend ; 
And scarce their waHs tiie Trojan tfoops defend 
The town is fiH*d with slaughter, artd o'erfloate, 
With a red deluge, their increasing moats, 
^neas, ignorant, and for lirom thence. 
Has left a camp exposed ^ wiihoiitdefefiee. 
This endless outrage shall they stilt sostani f 
Shall Troy renewed, be forcM and firM agaia^ 
A second siege mv banished issue fears ; 
And a new Diomede tti arms appears. 
One more audacious mortal will be found ; 
And I, thy dau^ter, wait anotlier wound. 
Yet, if, with fates averse^ without thy leave. 
The Latian lands my mcigeny receive^ 
Bear they the pains of violated law* 
And thy pfotectioa from their" aid withdraw . 
But, if the gods their wre success foretell— r. • ' 
If those of heaven consent wltli those of heU, 
To promise Italy ; who dare debate 
The pow'r of Jove, or fix another fiwe? 
VVliat shoulcj I tell of tempests on the tnain, 
CM i£oIus usurping Neptune's re:gn f 
Ot Iris sent, with Bacchanalian heat 
1** iuspk'e tlie matrons^ and destroy the fleet ? 
Now Juno to the Stygian sky descends. 
Solicits hell for aid and anns the fiends. 

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That new example wanted yet above — 

An act that well became the wife of Jove I 

Alecto, raised by her, witii rage inflames 

The peaceful bosoms of the Latiaa dames. 

Imperial sway no more exalts my mind* 

(Such hopes f had indeed, while heaven was kind) > 

Now let my happier foes pqss^ss my place, 

Whom Jove prefers before the Trojan race; 

And coaquer they whom you with conquest grace. 

Since you can spaie, fiom all your wide command, 

No spot of earth, no hospitable land, 

Which may my wandering fugitives receive ; 

(Siive haughty Juno will not give you leave) 

The.i, father, (if I still may use that name) 

By ruin*d Troy, yet sjnoking from the flame* 

I beg you, let Ascanius, by my care, 

Be freed from danger and dismissed the war: 

Inglorious let him live, without a crown : 

The fother may be cast on coasts unknown. 

Struggling with fate ; bat, let me savv the son. 

Mine is Cythera, mine the Cyprian tow'rs : 

In those recesses, and those sacred bow'rs, 

Obscurely let him rest ; his risbt resign 

To proraisM empire, and his Julian line. 

Then Carthage may tb* Ausonian towns destroy. 

Nor fear the race of a rejected boy. 

What profits it my son, to ^scape the fire, 

ArmM with his gods, and loaded with his sirs; 

To pass the petiis of the seas and wind ; 

Evade tlie Greeks, and leave the war behind ;' 

To reach tliMlalian shores ; if, after all, 

Our second Pergamue is doomM to fall? 

Much better h^d he cucbM his high desires, 

And hover'd o'er his Ul-extinguish*d fires. 

To Simols' banks the fugitives i«siore 

And give them back to war, and all the woes befbra 

Deep indignation swell'd Satnrnia^s heart: 
* And must I own,'* she said, *♦ my secret smart- 

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What with more decencc were in silence kont 
And, but for this unjust reproach, had slent * 
I Hd sod or man your fovVite son advise, 
V/ith war unhopM the Latians to surprise 
By fate, you boast, and by the gods* decree, 
He left bis native land for Italy ; 
Confess the truth ; by mad Cassandra, more 
Than heaven, inspired, he sought a foreign shore. 
Did I persuade to trust his second Troy 
To the raw conduct of a beardless bo}'. 
With walls unfinished, which himself forsakes. 
And through the waves a wandering voyage takei r 
When have I urg^d him meanly to demand 
The Tuscan aid, and arm a quiet land ? 
Did I or Itis sive this mad advice ? 
Or made the fool himself the fatal choice f 
Y-ou niak it hard, the Latians should destroy 
Witn swords your Trojans, and with fires your I'roy } 
Hard and unjust indeed, for men to draw 
Their nati,re air, nor take a fbreisn law ! 
That Turnus is permitted still toTive, 
To whom his birth a god and goddess give * 
But yet 'tis just and lawful for yotir lino 
To drive tlieir fields, and force with fraud to join* 
Realms, not your own, among your clans divide; 
And from tlie bridegroom tear the promisM bride 
Petition, while you public amis prepare $ 
Pretend a peace, and yet provoke a war 
*Twa8 giv*n to you, your darling son to snioud, 
To draw the dastard from the fighting crowd. 
And, ibr a man, obiend an empty clmid. 
From flaming fleets you turu'd the fire away. 
And chang'd tlie ships to daughters of the wa. 
But His my crime— th $ queen of heav'n offends 
If she presume to save her sufTriog friends ! 
Vour son, not knowing what his foes decree, 
Vou say, is absent : absent lot him be. 
•^1. II II 

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I'eS JEKV.t9, 

Yours is Cytheia, yours ttie Cyprian tow'rt, 
I'lie soft recesses, and the sacred bow'rs. 
Why do you then ihese needless arms prejww- 
And thus pr6voke a people prone to wai t 
Did I with fire the Trojan town deface. 
Or hinder from return your exil'd race? 
Was I the cause of mischief, or tbe man, 
Whose lawless lust tlie fatal war began ? 
Think on whose faith tli' adulterous youth relied ; 
Who promis'd^ who procur'd tlie Spartan brkte? 
When all th' anited states of Greece coinbm'd. 
To pui^e the world of the perAdious kimi. 
Then was your time to fear the Trojan fate : — 
Your quarrels and complaints are now too late." 

Thus Juno. Murmurs rise, with mix^d applause. 
Just as they fevour or dislike the caii&«. 
So winds, when yet unfledg'd in woods they liit. 
In w^hispers first their tender voices try, 
Then issue on the main with bellowing rage. 
And storms to trembling mariners presage. 

Then thus to both replied th* impenai god, 
Who shakes beav*n*s axles with his awful nod. 
(When he begins, the silent senate stand. 
With reverence listening to the dread command : 
The clouds disnel ; the winds their breath restjsui : 
And ^ hush^cl waves lie flatted on the main.) 
" Celestials ! fOur attentive ears incline 1 
Since (said thegOd) the Trojans must not join 
In wisliM filllance with the Lbtian line- 
Since endless farrings and immortal hatis 
Tend but to dibcompose our happy state*^ 
The war henceforward be resigned tofiite^ 
Gach to his proper fortune stand or bJH: 
Equal and unconcern'd I look on alL 
kutulians, Trojans, are the same to me ; 
And both shall draw the lots their fetes decreti 
Let these assault, if Fortune be their firiend ; 
And if she favours those, let those defend :-~ 

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The Fates will find their way." The Thund'rcr saiU 
And shook the sacred honours of his head, 
Attesting Styx, th' inviolable flood, 
And the black regions of his brother god. 
Trembled the poles of heaven ; and earth confes^d 

the nod. 
This end the-ses^ons had : the senate rise. 
And to his palace wait th6hr sovereign thro' tlie skies, 

Meafftime, intent upon their siege, the foes. 
Within their walls, the Trojan host inclose : 
They wound, tlt^ kill, they v^atch at ev^ry gate ; 
Renew the fires, and urge their happy fate. 

Th' .£neans wish in vain their wonted chief, 
Hopeless of flight, more hopeless 6f relief. 
Thni on the tow'rs they stand ; and ev'r. those few, 
A feeble, feinting, and dejected crew, 
Yet in the ftoeof danger some there stood: 
The two bold brothers of Sarpedon^s blood, 
Asius, and Acmoii : both ih* Assaraci ; 
Voung Hsemefn, and^ thoueh young, resolv'd to die 
With these were Clanis and ThymoBtes joih'd ; 
TybrJS and Caster, both of Lycian kind. 
From Acmon^B hands a rolling stonfe there came, 
So large, klnrlf desenr'd a mountain's name ! 
Strong>8inew*d was the youth, and big of bone : 
His brother Mnestheus could not more have ddnfe. 
Or the great father of th' intrepid son. 
Some firebands throw, some flights of arrows stsnd , 
And some with darts, and some with stones, defend 
Amid the press appears tlie beauteous boy« 
The care of Venus, and the hope of Troy. 
His lovely fece unarmed, his head was bare • 
In ringlets o'er his shoulders hung his hair. 
His forehead circled with a diadem : 
Distinguish'd from the crowd, he shines a gem, 
EnchasM in goM, or-polish'd iv'r^ set, 
Amidst the meaner foil of saMe jet. 

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164 . i&NElS. 

Nor Ismarus was wanting to tlie war, 
Directing oiiited arrows from afar, 
And death with poison arniM— in Lydia boriif 
Where plenteous harvests the fat fields adoru ; 
Where proud Pactolus floats the fruitful lands. 
And leaves a rich manure of golden sands. 
Tiiere Capys, author of the Capuan name. 
And there vi'as Miiestlieus loo, increasM in fame, 
Since Turnus from the camp he cast with shame. 

Thus mortal war was wagM on either side. 
Meantime the hero cuts the nightly tide: 
For, anxious, from Evander when he went, 
He sought the Tyrrhene camp, and Tarcbon*s tent , 
Expos'd the cause of coming lo ilie chief; 
His name and country told, and ask'd relief; 
Propos'd the terms; his own small strength declared; 
What vengeance proud Mezentius had prepar'd; 
What Turnus, bold and violent, design'd ; 
Then show'd the si ipp'j-)' state of human-kind,,,,, j, 
And fickle fortune ; warnM him to beware, i ,,. 
And to his wholesome council added pray*r. .,,, 
Taichon, without delay, the treaty signs, , .,, .. 

And to the Trojan troops the Tuscan joins. 

They soon set sail; nor now the Fates withstand ; 
Their forres trusted with a foreign hand. 
^neas leads : upon his stern appear ;^ .,, 

Two lions carv'cl, which rising Ida bear— :,,j ^f^f,^. .^,; 
Ida, to wand'ring Trojans ever dear. , -z,,'^,, ,,, 

Under tlieir grateful shade .Uneas sate, ,,i*„.. 

Revolving war's events, and various fate, ,,(i .„ 

His left young Pallas kept, fix'd to his side, ^^n^^ 
And oft of winds inquir'd, and of the tide: 
Oft of the stars, and of their wat'ry way ; ,; |,*, 

An-i uiiat !m' .n;";V.",i b,);;* ::\- ].i■,^■■l 'mJ ^^ea. -,,.,, ,, 

Nov,, „._..(f sisters, oprn al. ; <, .■ spring! . , ^^^. 
The Tuscan leaders, '4n(^ their army, sing. 
Which follow*d great -if^neas to the war; 
'^heir arms, their uunibtfrs, and their names, dseiam. 

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A thousandyouUis brave Massicus obey, 
Borne in the Tiger through the foaming sea ; 
From Chisuim brought, and Cosa, by hit care: 
For armsrlight quivers, bows and shafts, they bear. 
Fierce Abas pext: his men bright armour wore: 
His stem ApoUo*s golden statue bolne. 
Six hundred Populonia sent along, 
AH skillVt io martial exercise, and strong. 
Three hundred more for battle Ilva joins, 
An isle reiKMirnM for steel, and unexhausted mines. 
Asylas on his prow the third appears. 
Who heaven interprets, and the wand'rhig stars ; 
From affer?d entrails, prodigies expounds, 
And peals of thunder, with presaging sounds. 
A thousand ^peiirs in warlike order stand, 
Sent by the Pisans, under his command. 

Fair Astur follows in the wat*ry field. 
Proud of his managed horse, and painted shield 
Gravisca, noisome from the neighboring fen, 
And his own Giere, sent three hundred men, 
With those which Mmio*s fields, and Pyrgi gave ; 
All bred in arms, ananimous and bmve. 

Thouv Muse, the name of Cinyras renew, 
And brave Cvpavo follow*d but by few ; 
Whose helm confessed tiie lineage of the man. 
And bore, with wings displayed, a silver swan. 
Love was the fault of his fera'd ancestry. 
Whose forms and fortunes in his ensign fly. 
For Cycnue lov'd unhappy Phaeton, 
And sung his lots in poplar groves, alone. 
Beneath the sister shades, to sooth his ^rief. 
Heaven heard his song, and hasten'd his relief 
And changed to snowy pkinies his hoary hair, 
And wingM his flight, to chant alof) in air. 
His son Cupavo brushed the briny flood : 
Upon his stem a brawny centaur stood. 
Who heav'd a rock, and threat* nine still to throw. 
With lifted hands alarm *d the seas oelow - 

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•1§6 MMMtL 

They seemM t» fear the fbrraidable si^t, 
And rollM their bilkiw&oo, to speed fau fli(jbti 

Genua waS) monU ^v,^ ^ his native traiu 
Of bt^y warriors, tlifougli tlie wat'rj plains* 
The sou of Mtuito, by the Tuscan stream, 
From whence the MajaUiau tovm derccea the na 
An ancient city, but of ini3c*d descent: 
Three sev'ral tribes compose the-governflienit; 
Four towns are undfiT' each ; but jail obey 
The<Manluau ia^w^ aod.owntberTuseaii.ewi^.:^ 

Hate to Mezenl;itt»arfn'd fivie kutidKed morc^ 
WhonxMiaeiufttoii iii»sire Beoasu&bRMBen^ 
Mincius, with, wreaths ol recde bw^rehead cover 

o*ejp. ' 

These grave ^uic^st^l^AdflivahMMdnfllfweJsp.. 
With stretching oaraAtonceithe gkissy deepi 
Him, and his u^artial traiut the TrkiMi bears; 
High oil tM8 poop, the- asargrsea god appears^i . > . 
Frowning he aeema t>is Cfuokeri shell ia aomd ; 
And at the blast Uie^Ulowe danoe aBOund*' 
A ha^ry man al>ove «he- waist beishows; - 
A porpoise-tail beeeath his beily growss • • 
And ends 9 fish ; his b«ea6t the waves divides ;. . 
And froth and foace augment tfaenaiMni^raug^itleft . 

Full thifty &hip8 transport the chosen tcaon^' 
For Troy's relief, and scoux the briny fnain. . 

Now was thft world foi^ftken by the suii^ 
A nd PhcEbe. h»l^ i»er nightly face had ran. 
The careful chief, >^!ho msver ckjNs'd hifreyes» 
Himself the riKk)0r holds* the. sails supplies. . 
A choir of Nereids meet him oa theilood. 
Once his ,0w»galle3ry, hewn fioni ida's;Wood^ 
But now, »ii many oy^nphs, tlwfsea they s«eep» 
As rode before tall vessels on the deep^. 
Thev Icnow him frOm afar; and in a ring 
Enclose the ship tliat bore the Trojan lung. 
Cymgdoqe, whose voice excell'd the rest. 
Above the waves ad vane 'd her snowy breast; 

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Her right hawd -stops thvsitni, her teft«lnrM«f> 

The curline ocean, an<i coiwots the iide&. 

She spoke raraU «li»«liiKr«'aa(l thus begaa 

With pleasing wot4« loi warn th* imkncMwaf^ man % 

*' Sleeps our l0t*il lord t Qi sodWess^iam ! awake! 

Spread ev'r^ ml^ pii»sa« Tout) «a^r|rtiaok« 

And haite your duarti^ - xouv iia«r onoe wera w«» . 

From Ida's height descending to the sea ; 

Till Tumus, a9-4tl aitahorixMwe flkMKi» 

Fresum'd to vi«la«i'4»«iF koly woodt 

Then, loos*d from'shoia, ma (Miiia ireftpto(iuie» 

(UnwiBingly we^brohe/oav masler's cbain) 

And sirtfee hm'e^sougM yo» Armigh the iWoan 

The mighty Mwhwro la w i^ aui) fiitma^ ihate, 
And gave Us Hh immovwl in- the> asas. 
But young A^eaniili, in hiscaiwp diauess^di 
6y your insulthig tbefrishardiyipeiesM. 
Th' Areadiaii liorsemeiif undetntraahofl^ 
Advance in order mi the Latian ooaai? 
To cut their way the'Dauniawcbief deaiani* . 
Before th^ treope-oan reaiBb ctaa Tvajae Ittitm* 
Thou, when the rosy tnom HMtoies the light, 
First arm thf soldiera Ik tt^Jetuuiag ight * 
Thyiieir the ftm4 vwntd of Vakaa Hneid, 
And Mar idoft th* ianpenairable shiaU. 
To-morrow's sun, cmiess my akin be vain, 
Shalt see huge heape af Aafl in battk ilaki.*' 
Farting she spoke ; and with iiamortal foroa 
Push'd on the ^seei in the watery ooarae ; 
Per well she knew the way. Impel!* 1 behiad» 
The ship flew forward, and eutstrifrt the wind. . 
The rest make up. (Ittknowing-of the: cause . 
The chief admire»theiir«peed^ and happy omens dcawi^ 
Then thus he pmy*d, and'fix'd on heav'n^his eyes: 
* Hear thou, great Mother of the- deities* 
With turrets crown'd ! (on Ida's holy hlU, 
Fierce tigers, rein'd and curbM, olM»y thy will.) 

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1S8 iENEIS. 

Finn thy own omAis ; -teat} us on to fight ; 
And let thy Phrygians conquer in thy right.'* 

He said no more. And now icnewiog day 
Had chas'd the shadows of the nigbHiway. 
He chargM the soldiers, with preventing eare» 
Their flags to fbUowt, and their arme prefkiure ; 
Warned of th* ensuing ight, and bftde them hope 
the war. * ♦ 

Now, from his loAy jpeop^ ^ Tiew*d below 
His camp encompas^d and th' inckisiag S09, 
His biasing ^eM cs^bvao'd, be Md^on high « 
The camp reeehre th^^sign, and witb loud sjiouts reply. 
Hope arms their eeumge; finem their towers they throw 
Their darts with double force, and drive the. ibe. 
'Thus, at the signal giT*n, <h* esaiies arise 
Before the stormy seath, and blacken all the skies. 

King Tunius wonder'dAi the fight renew'd. 
Till, looking back, the Trajan fleetJie viewM, 
The seas with swelling canvass «over*d o*er» 
And the swift ships deeceading on die sbora. 
The Latians saw firom-favt with daisied eyes, . 
The radiant crest ihat seeni'd in flames to rise* 
And dart dififusive fires asound the field ; 
And the keen ^itt*ring of tht gokden shield. 

Thus threat*nfng'cao)ets, wben by night they natt 
Shoot sanguhie streams, ani satMea edi the skieiK 
So Sirius, flashing ibrth sinisier lights, 
Pale human-kind with plaguas suid with dry£uniua 

frighta •* 

Yet Tunius with 'trndauMed mind is bent, 
To man the shores and Hinder ihe descent. 
And thus awakes the cemrageof his friends: 
<* What you so long imve wishM, kind Fortune seud»— 
la ardent arms to meet th* invading foe: 
Vou find, and find him at advantage now. 
Vours is the davt you need but onty dare : 
Vour swords will make you masters ol the wax 

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Vour sires, your sons, jouff bouiM, ftnd youriandi. 
And dearest ifHv^s, wre all within your bands. 
Be mindful of the raca^m whence you c&xue, 
And emulate in aims, your &thef*a fame. 
Now take the-tiimti whilt atagg'rkif yei they stand 
With feet uinfirm ^ andfNrepQesess the strand ; 
Fortune befriends Hm bud." Na more he said. 
But balanced whom tn^eat e, and whom to lead ; 
Then these eleets, the landiNgitA prevent; 
And those heleavevto keep the city pent. 

Meantime tho'TK^an sande hietcoopis ashore: 
Some are by boHts expoiM^by bridges more. 
With lab^ing oars they beat along Um strand, 
Where the tide languisbas^and leap a-land. 
Tarchon observes the «oast.wiih careful eye«» 
Andf while no'ford he-fidds^ no water fries, 
Nor billows, with iti)«qualniuMnur»rQ$ir, 
But mostly sKde'along,aa«iaweiitb&ishQreir 
That couil>e he^ sieerM, and tlws he gave Qon^mand: 
" Here ply <yoor oars,* and at all .ba»NEd l^nd^ , 
Force on the vessel^ ttmt her keel aiay y/fM nd 
This hated soil, and luivow hostilsrgrouiwi 
Let me securely land-^I aslL' mm moce ; 
Then sink my ships, orehanet on tjse. shore. ^ 

This fiery speech inflamea ibis 4ear&il friends: 
They tog at ev'ry oar, and e»2(y.stj«tcher bends,* 
They run their ships aground ^ ihe ves^ls knocl^^ 
(Thus ibrc'd ashw6) and treiable wilh tba shoc);^.,, 
Tarchon's alone was lost, and stranded stood^ 
Stuck on a bank, and beaien by the flood, 
She brearks her hack ; the loosened sides, give way, 
And plunge the Tuscan sotdiers in the sea. 
Their broken oars and loating planks withstand 
Their passage, while they kabour to tha land ; 
And ebbing tides bear baduupon th' uncertain sand. 

NowTurnus leads hi« noopa without delay, 
Advancing to the margit» of the sea.. 
The trumpets sound t .Eneas first assaiPd 
The clowns new raised and raw ; and soon prevail'd. 

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170 iUKEm. 

Great Theron fel), ^» omen <•£ the figbt— 
Great Theron, large oC linibs* of gi&Bl. beightt 
He first' m lopen fiekh' defied' ibef>riQce: 
But armour scalM w'lHi gokitWMS mo defence 
; Against the foted svftord, wt»ick of)en'd wide 
His plated siiieM, and paino^ bis.aak^d side. 
Next Lichas'fen, who^ not like ofehect UofDt 
Was from hn wretcMed motiieriipp'd ^ud torn ; 
Sacred, O Phoebus ^ #«iii Jus biitb to tbee , 
For his beginning life /rMD bitiag steel wa^ free. 
Not far ftotn him wm Qyma laid akmg, . 
Of monstrous bulk ; wkh Gissues fierpft and strong: 
Vain bulk atKi stnn^h I foe, when tlie chief aj»$aird» 
Nor valour, nor Heveuleaa ajmu availed, , 
Nor their^iamM father, wonliowar to go 
With great Ateidesv wfoikt be toU'd bek^. 
The noisy Pharos tieitt seoeivfd. lue 4eath ; 
i£neas writhM h)S<darly aad^pp-d hia b^wliog breath 
Then wretched Oydon bad miciM'd}m doo^a. 
Who cou rt«d €ly«kis4n bis 4>eardle9f blooo^, 
And sought ytMi Issi ebseenei poUui0d joys — 
The Trojan -^word4iaid/«ur'd bis ^e of. bpys^ 
Had not his sev'n Iwld' heetbren stopped ti^e course 
Of the fierce chamfiiont wkii umted force, 
Sev'n darts were ^iown.atfiiicia; and eoui^ reboijukl 
From his bright shield, soine.iMkhis bekiiet sound • 
The rest had reached lum ;.,hut hj^ i^totiiec's c^ie 
Prevented thtfse, and tiim-ci«8id« in ak. 

The pritice then caU*ii Achates, to supply 
The spears, that knew the .way.4p vit^tory— 
*' Those fatal weapotiStwhiebyipMiC^d to bloo4» 
In Grecian bodies under ilium stCKxl •* 
Not on4 of those my hi^nd shatt \m% in vain 
Against our fbes on this cooiendisd plai^.V 
He said : then 8ei2/*d a migbty spear, and threw « 
Which, winged with fate, throMga Mseon's buckler flew 
Pcirc*d all the brazen plates, and reacbM his heart: 
^^ stagfter*d with intoierable smart 

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JIllEtS. W 

Alcanor fiaw ; and reorhM; but retielfd in mhi, 
His helping hifuid^ his brother to sttflftdin. 
A fecond spear, which kept th» fonner course, 
From the sain^band, and seitt with equal force, 
His right kirm piem'dt end, hotding oir, beirft 
His use of both, MkI pinkm*d dtMn his left. 
Then Numitor ftomhftlteed brother drew 
Th' HI-OKi«i*d Bptttti «ird ad the t%jttti chrevr t 
Preventing fete directs the lance awry, 
Which, Ktainciiig,o(ilf mntM^ Achate^ thigh. 
In pride of y«'*^ the SflAtoe Olatisus came, 
And, from afejs at Dry^psriooh his aim,' 
The s|)ear flew hisskigthrotigh themiddle «pete; 
And pierc*d his thAiat,«dhel!^d'at<his fede: 
h stopp'd at onoe the-fiaesageof hl9'i<^nd,' 
And the free sool t«4Htting <lir tes1jgn'd^ 
His forehead wae-the ttrst that struck the gRnin<9 ; 
Life-blood and liieNr«Bh*d minted through the wound. 
He slew tinve hcochefb «f tlM^ Bofean ficHi 
And three, whom fsmaviis^ th^lr n«tiv^ phtt-r,* 
Had sent to war, bufalt't h e sewgof ThtWJfe. 
Halesus, next, ttabelil'AtiAihefrielid^t ^ 
The son of Nepiuiwto1n»aM-4*ee09^9; 
CkMispicuous on his borse^ MSw eM)»i^ hand. 
These fight to ln0p,tuidithM0>«» #in, fheDutd. 
With mutua: akiod^t AmiibnlBn sbi^'^s^tfiy^r. 
While on its hordeH, each their eYaim d^M^, '' 

As wintry wiadsi, cohtsMllhg irt tM^sky, 
With equal force of UinctHrhMptilS^s tff : ' 
They rage, they roar; the doubtfuf rtrtlt bf heat-n 
Stands withooi motion, ane^ the tide undrlv*li : 
Each bent to coiH}u«ff, neither side to 3deld, 
They long suspend the fortune of the *eM.' • 
Both armies thu» peiforai what e<Mirage «an ;' 
^oot set to foot, and- mingled, mim to^nan; 

But m anoiher-part th' Arcadian boiwe 
With ill succ^se engage the Latien Ir^et 

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17% MSiKlU. 

Fur, where the impetuous tsrvetit rusbinj^ duwA, 

Huge craggy stools «ud rpoiecL trees had Uirown, 

They left their coursers^ aod, uiui»'d to fight 

On foot, were scattered in a shauiefui flight. 

Fallas, who. With diidain and griei; had. viewM 

His foes pursuing, and bis friendspuf au'dy 

UsM threat'nings mjt*€l with fMviy'cs, his last resource. 

With these to niova tbeii miitdst willi those to ire tlieit 

«* Which way, oomfNUiions? whither would you run ? 
By you yourselves,.aiid faighty baulat won, 
By my great sire, by bis establisb'o oaaie, 
An early fMromisB of my futoie Amia: 
By my youth, emuloua of equal right 
< To shara his hoBOurs-^sbua ignoble iight .' . 
Trust not your foeU your handaimitt haw your way 
Through yon black body, aad t^iat thick arrays 
*Tis through that forwaral patbthaft w« muH comet 
There lies our way, and tbaftoiMr oanage hornet 
Nor pow'rftAbova nof destiniet btlow. 
Oppress our maaa, twith a^|ual ttiftngfth we go. 
With mortal haada ta oneetA oioital- fee. 
See oo what loot wa ctaad I- aseaniir-shafe— * 
The sea behioflli our aoeanes be^QMr 
No passage lefl, unlets we swim the main ; 
Or, forcing tbeee,ibe Trman^tiMotiei gain." 
This said, be stKxie with eager basie-ahmg, 
And bore amidst tke thiokaei)of 'the tfafong. 
Lagus, the first he niei» with' fiite to foe. 
Had heaved a etene of tmigbty-weight, to throw 
Stooping, the spear descended on his chiae. 
Just where the bone distingukh^d either loin: 
it stuck so fast, so deeply butied lay, 
I'hat scarce the victor-foieVI the steel away. 

Hisbon came oo : but, while be mov'd too slow 
To wished revenge, the jmvtcc prertxits his blow ; 
For, warding hi^ at onoe, ai once he pfe88*d, 
\And pUmg'd the fatal weapon in his breasu 

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Tlien lewd Anchemohts be laid in dust, 
Who stain'd bis 8tepdame*s bed with impious lust 
And, after him, the DMsnian twins were skin, 
Laris and Thyrnbr us, on the Latian plain , 
So woud'rous like ki feature, shape and site, 
As caused an error in their parent's ejres^ 
jrateful mistake ! but sooa the sword decides 
The nme distinction, and iheir iM» divides: 
For Thymbrus' head was lopped; and Laris* band, 
Dismeinber*d, sought its owner on the stmnd : 
The trembling iapMrsyet the Mebian strain, ' 
And threaten stilft th* assanded stioha in vain; 

Now, to renew the cbaiga^ tb* Atcadians oaaie-; 
Sight of such acts, and sense of honest shaaiet* 
And grief, with anger miald, ihair minds ittiafnei 
Then, with a easual blow was RbcBtms slain, 
Who chanoM,as faUas cbrew, to cross the plain : 
The flying spear wasaftnr Uasasot; 
But RhoBteus happened on a^ death unmeant s 
From Tbeuthras and fmm T^as, whila he lled> 
The lance, athwart his ^ndf^ teviMm deM : 
Roird from his chariot wfthLa mortal wtnind, 
And intorceptad, Aite,'be spum*d the giaand. 

As when in summer, welaeme windsarise^ 
The watchful shepherd to-tiie forest fiies. 
And fires the midmost ptaata; oontagioftaiveads. 
And catching flamaamfeettha oeighb^nngheads^ 
Around the forest fties the forious blast, • 
And all the leafy nation sinks at hvst ; 
And Vuloan rides in trtoniph'o*er the waste 
Tlie pastor, pleat *d with Me 4^ipe viototy, 
Beholds the satiate iamies^ia •sheets asoetid the tiky ;^ 
So r'allas* troops their Jseatier'd -stiaiigth unite. 
And, pouring on thew foes, their prince delight 

rialiesus came, fiesoe with ^desire of Mood : 
But first collected m his amis he stood t ^ 

Advancing then, he plied the spear so'well, '^ 

La don, Demodocus, and Pheres felL 

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il4 Mums 

Around bis nead'he'tost'U Ms-glittVtng brftiul, 
\nd from Sirymonius iidvr'd-his tieuer hand, 
Held up to guard his throat ; ths^'hurlVi a stone 
^.t Thoas* ample firontt atid fntmfxi tlie bone: 
It struck bepeaUi tlie «paoe m eitbar eye : 
And blood, and-uiiagled brains, -K^etber fly. 
Deep skiird in fylws^ iatest Heieauft sire 
Did witb the yoatli to^ioaeiy grdtw retite ; 
Rut, .when the lsit)fter?s raoctal mem was run, 
Dire destiny Ifiid bold upon «he eoii, < 
And bauPd biuMtf tlaOMrati, ftoifind, baMHth 
Th^ Evandrian spe^r^ a vaawmAth dealb. 
Pallas th* epcow»tejF aeek^ bu^ ere he thrown 
To Tuscan Tybefy thus HKkfaiess^lfais vows } 
** O sacked steeaflil direoi aiy .flying dnrt^ ■ 
And give to,pa9ti tib«)Mro«d tiaksue^ Jmaic. 
His arms and jf>p«ls thy bo^ €ak stelft bear.** 
Pleas'd with the bribe* Uie^iMl rtiwvVir'bie pray*r ; 
For, while his.abieid(piQiect8fft(&ieitd-iliitfefs*di 
The dart pame.idl^iKM)(f qq^MA fiMckl bis brmi^ 

But LAusu9,ii>9v^iM41t |»orti«»4lf'tbe war, 
Permits not paoioieiur U> feign/ No ikr, > 
Caused by the death -of so reaowfikl« Jeuight ; 
But by his owa iexamnle cheers thetfi^ > 
Fierce Abas first Ji»i&4ew^nTAba%< the slay 
Of Trojan Itopes^aBd bind^nMM*f>f tbeday; 
The Phiprgiftn Uopps esoap^ the Geeeke in vaiti i 
They, and their n\i«s!d alUes, now jottd- the plain. 

To Uierude shock q^ war. baib Armies came: 
Their leaders^ef^aW au4 tb^r atrsiqgth the«ame. 
The rear so press''j tbe front,, tl^j ceuld am wield 
Their angry wt^poof, to4i§o»n»ihe<fieki 
Here Pallas ui^ge&on, aiid L^tattus these; 
Of equal youth find beaAHy i»oth appaae. 
Both by fate forbio to breathe ilteirfiativ; air. 
Their congress in ihe 6eUl great Jove «rit«istiinils '-' 
Soth doom'd to iedl, and 4aU hv gxeaier hamts. 

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M^KlBs. 175 

Meantime Jutunta wamt the Diitiiliaii chief 
Of Lausus' dangetf tugiiig swift relief. 
With hig dnv'n43h«riot:he dividet the <aomrdf 
And making to bisfirieiMiB, th«8cai)siyciod : 
'' Let none presuoto ^ needless aid: to join: 
Retire, and clear thefidd : ikie fight Is aitnet 
Tothis right hand ssfhUasMf -due: - 
O ! were his hiJbmthnt^ mw^xiU ferenge to view r* 
From the forbiddan sjiaoe hm mto retir'd. 
Pallas their awe, «nd kisMem "words. admir*d ; 
Survey*d him der MKH)^'with' »<it i fl* ri M g .9ight, 
Struck witti his hawghly «risn^ and toweling height : 
Then to the kingt ** Imr 0m|ity raunts ibH^ear t 
Success I hope^ «imI terl ciamiot fear. 
Alive, or dead, Ishaift'deservefr'natoe:. 
Jove is impartial* and tolioih the same.'* - 
Hesaid, anttitotbewNdeKhancMhiapftoe. > 

Pale horror sane on each Ami^n Ihee. * 

Then TmMis, fttMn his •hMkrt, leaping hghl, > 
AddressM himself on foetttfeingle^fight. ■ 
And, as a iigi »" ' w l ien heispiefrfromfer ■ i 
A buU that seems to utetfitatethe war, ' • 
Bending his iteekf aftid spuffning back the sand'*^ 
Runs roaring riowawaild i^&m Ym faiHy KtMid ; 
Imagine eagsr Tomus nnt'more slow. 
To rush from high on hi»«tne<}uid fo«' 

Young PaUao, 5«4itn he saw the chief advsMe 
Within due distance «f*hisiymg^*Umee) * • 
Prepares to ciiarge^hiRi fini-'-moiirM to try ' 
If rortu ne woukt' his Want of tfdico supply ; - • 
And thus to iMaii*n aad'flerceAeB addreoPd t 
" Alcides, once on eatth £vimc)ct^s:geest i - 
His son adioiestlilBe^bQrlhoiift^^ holy rites, * 

That hospttabie boards tlioseg^ial nights, 
Assist my great attempt 10 gate tins prise. 
And let fNOod Tumos'view*,- with dying eyes. 
His ravished spoils.*? *TwaS tieard, the vain request : 
Akides moum*d, and stiftled sighs within his breast. 

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176 JEIfRIS. 

Then .'o e, to sooth his sorrow, thus began : 

** Short bounds of life are set to roorta) man. 

*Tis virtue^s Mnork alone to stretch the narrow span. 

So many sons of gods, in bloody fight 

Around the walls of Troy, have kMt the light: 

My own Sarpedon fell beneatlh tm fcm ; 

Nor I, his mighty sire, cocM ward the blow. 

E'en Tumus shortly shaH l e sign im breathi, 

And stands already oo the ▼erge'of death.** 

This said, the god permits the latal fight. 

But from the Lctian fields aTeits Ms iiglit 

Now with fijH foree his spear young PaUas threw ; 
And, having thrown, bis shming ftAchion dtew. 
The steel just gras'd along tbe 8liMfclcr«joint, 
And mark*d it sligbdy with the glancing point* 
Fierce Tumus first to nearer distance drew. 
And pois*d his pointed spear, before be tbteiw i 
Then as the wmged weapon wbiis*d along, 
«* See now," said be, ** wbeae arm is better strung. 
1 he spear kept on the facabeanrBe, unstayed 
By plates of ir*n,whteh o^the shilridrwere laid t 
Through folded bmss^ and tough -ball>bidee, it pass'd, 
His corslet piere*d, and reacb'd biatieart at last, 
tn vain the youth tugs attbe<breken wood: 
The soul comes issuing with the vital Uoodt • 
He falls: his armtupon his tody sound : 
And with bis Udody teeth be bites ibe ground. 

Tumus bestrode thecbrpm: «* Arcadians, bear, ** 
Said he ; ** my message -to your master bear : 
Such as the sirs tfeservHI, the ton i send t 
It costs him dear to be tine Phrygian's fiionri^ 
The lifeless body^ tell hkn, I btslew 
Unask*d, to rest his wand*rmg ghost belew.** 
He said, and trampled down, with all the force 
Of bis left foot, and spura*d the wmiefaed c€»rse ; 
Then snatchM the shmins belt, with gold inlaid— 
The belt £ufytion*s artfiri Iwnds hUd made ; 

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^\p :s fifty fatal brides, expvess^d to sight, 
All k* the compass of one mournful ni|^t, 
Depnv'd their bridegrooms of returning; light. 

In A»« ill hour insulting Tumus tore 
Those ^\6bn spoils, and in a worse he wore. 
O mortteir ! blind in fate, who never know 
To bear liieh fortune, or endure die low ! 
The timv i^all conoe, when Tinrnds, but ki vain, ' 
Shall wisrt untouchM the tropbieg of the slain — 
Shall wisi the fatal bek were far away. 
And curst! ih»dire remerabratiee^of the day. ^ 

The sac A.rcadtaii8, firoot thP unki^ppy field. 
Bear back %e breathless body on a shield. 
O grace aiii^ grief of war ! ai onee restored. 
With praisMn, to-thy 6iie,«t once deplored. 
One daj/" fiiti sent thee to the fighting field, 
Beheld who>e heaps of- fees in -battle kiUM ^ 
One day belaid Uiee de^/d, and bonm upon thy 

shield, : 

This dismal news, not frnm uneeitaw fiune. 
But sad spoctators^ to the hero Gaaie:> -. : . 
His firiends upon the briul^ of ruia stand, 
Lnlessreliev'd by bit victorious hand • - 
flc whirls his sword around, vi^thoUt dei^^ 
And hews^hiough adverse foes an ample Way^ 
To find fierce Tumus, of bis conquest proud, 
fe^vander, Pallas, i^ that firieBd8bip<owM 
To large deserts, ara present to his eyes^ 
His plighted band* ftiKMiosintablfi ties. 

Four sons of SuinMH.fiMW whom Ufens bred. 
He took in ig^v aadliviar vifitiinsled,. ■ 
To please the ghost o# JBafia^and expire. 
In sacrifice, liefM* his fui^ral fiue. 
At Magus nexthethnw : be sioop'd below 
The flying spear, And ebiWfi'il m9 pruuus'd l?loH^, 
Then creeping^ete^M libA heroes knees, and prayed: 
By young lulue^ by sfagr falberV shade, 
O ! spare my Jife, and send me back to see 

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178 J^NEIS 

O I spare my life, and send me back to see 

My longing sire, and tender progeny. 

A lofty liouse I have, and wealth untold, 

In silver ingots, and 4q bars of gold : 

All these, and sums besides, which see no day. 

The ransom of thjs one-poor life sltall pay. 

If I survive, will Troy the less prevail r 

A single squl's too light to turn the scale/* 

He said. The hero sternly thus replied : 

** Thy bars and ineots».and the subbs beside, 

Leave for thy children's iot. Thy Turnui broke 

All rules of war by one reientless stroke. 

When Pallas fell: so deenuyoor deems alone. 

My iather^s shadow, iKit my Itving son.'^ 

'I'hus having said,,of kind remorse bereft, 

He seiz'd his helm, and draggVl him with his left ; 

Then with his right hand, while his neck he wreath'd* 

Up to the bilts his sluiung fatehipn sheathV 

Apollo*s priest, Hsemonides, was near: 
His holy fillets oo bis front appear ; 
Glittering in arms, he shone amidst the crowo. 
Much of his god, mcHre of has purple, proud. 
Him the fierce Tnnan folkiw*d through the field : 
The holy coward feU ; luid, fore'6 to yield. 
The priuco stood o^ the priest, and, at otm blow. 
Sent him an ofiPnng to tloe 8hadie« below. 
His arms Serestus on his slnuldnrtt bears, 
I>CEKgn'd a trophy to the gad .of wa|^ 

Vulcanian CsbcuIus renewv the ^ght. 
And Umbroii bora upon tb« mountain's height. 
The champion cheers hia droops t' encount«ii thoso^ 
A nd seeks revenge himself oft otlier fees. 
At Anxur's shield he drove ^ and, at one Db)w, 
Both shield and arm to gmund together go. 
Anxur had boasted ma<^ of nvagie charms. 
And thought he wor« impenetrable «m^s, 
So made by muttered spHl; and,fr<i-.n the spncfca. 
Had life secui^d, in vain, for h7(ii(th uf yenr* 

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S.NEIB. 179 

Then Tarquitus the field in triumph trod ; 
A nymph his motlier, and his sire a god. 
Exulting in bright arms, he braves the prince : 
With his protended lance he makes defence ; 
Bears back his feeble foe ;. then, ptessing on, 
Arrests his better hand, and drags him (town ; 
Stands o'er the prostrate wretch, and (as he lay, 
Vain tales inventing, and prepared to pray) 
Mows ofif his head : the trunk a moment stood, 
Then sunk, and roUM along the sand in Uood. 
The vengeful victor thus upbraids Uie ^in : 
** Lie there, proud man, unpityM on the plaim 
Lie there, inglorious, and without m tomb^ 
Far from thy mother and thy native home, 
ExposM to savage beasts, and birds of prey, 
Or thrown for fi>od to monsters of the sea.'* 

On Lycasand Antaeus nexi he ran« 
Two chiefs of Tumus, and wh<i led his van. 
They fled for fear; with these, be ehas'd along 
Camers the yellow-lock'd, and Numa stmnc, 
Both great in arms; and both were fair and youii||. - 
Camers was son to Yolscens, lately dam, 
In wealth surpassing all the Latian train, 
And in Amyclae ^M his silent easy reign. 
And, as Jl^ou, when with heav'n he strove, 
Stood opposite in arms to mighty Jove; 
Mov*d all his hundred hands, provokM the war. 
Defied the forky lightning from Q&r ; 
At fifty mouths his flamuig breath expires. 
And flash for flash returns, and fires for fires ; 
In his right hand as many swords he wields. 
And takes (he thunder oi« as many shields: 
With strength like his, the Trojan hero stood ; 
And soon the fields with falling crops were strow'd. 
When once his fedchion found the taste of blond. 

With fury scarce to be conceir*d, he flew 
Against Niphnus, wlwim icmx coursers drew. 

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ISO £N£18. 

They, when they see the fiery chief advance. 
And pushing at their chests his painted lance, 
WheelM with so swi;^t a njgotioo, niad v/ith fear, 
They threw tlieir inastex headlong from the chair 
They stare, they atari, ^igr stop their course, be£b 
They bear the bounding r.lianot to tiie shore. 
Now Lucagus and Ligor scmir the plains. 
With two white steeds ; but Ligcr holds tlie rein 
And Lucagus the lofty seat maintains— 
Bold brethren both. The former wav'd in aii 
His flaming sword : J^lneas couchM his spear, 
Lfnus^d to Uireats, and more unusM to fear. 
Then Liger thus; " Thy confidence is vain 
To *8cape from heune, as from the Trojan plain t 
Nor these the feiceds which Diomede bestrode, 
Nor this the chariot where Achilles rode: 
Nor Venus' veil is here, nor Neptune's shield: 
Thy fatal hour is come ; and ihis the field." 
Thus Liger vainly vaunts : the Trojan peer 
Returned his answer with his Hying spear. 
As Lucagus, to lash his horses, bends 
Prone to the wheels, and his left loot protends, 
Prepared ibr fight — the fatal dart arrives, 
And through the border of his buckler drives; 
Passed thro' and pierc'd his groin. Tlie deadly wound* 
Cast from his chariot, roUM him on the ground ; 
Whom thus the cincf upbraids with scornful spitf 
•* Blame not t lie slt>w.ness of your steeds in flight: 
Vain shadows did ncit force their swift retreat { 
But you yourself foresake your empty seat." 
He said, and seiz'd at once the loosei^d rein: 
For Liger lay already on the plain 
By the same shock : then, stretching out his hand, 
The reereant thus his wretched life demands : 
"Now, by thyself. more than mortal manl 
By her and him from whom thy breath began, 
Who form'd thee thus divine, I beg thee, spare 
This forfeit life, and hear thy suppliant's pray'r.'^ 

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Mtimt* 181 

Thuj much be spoke, and mure he would have said* 
But the stern hero turnM a»kie,hi8 headt 
And cut bini short: *>* I hear anotlier raaa^ 
You talk*d not thus be|bvo ttie fight began. 
Now take your turn ; and^ as a bfother «houI(l» 
Attend your bcother to tJie Stygian flood.^' 
Then through his breast his fata) svyord b« aent ; 
And the soul issued at ttie gapvug vent^- . 
As storms the skiesi and tocrents tear tha ground. 
Thus rag'd the pi-ince, and seatter'd deaths around. 
At length Ascanius, and the Trojcutt train* 
Broke from tlie oampt so long besiegM in vain. 
Meantime the king of gods, and mortal^ tBa% 
Held conference with his queeny«nd thus began} 
•*My sister goddess, and well -pleasing, wiie, 
Still think you Venus' aid sufiiports the strife — 
Sustains bor Trojans^^or themselves^ alpa^ 
With inborn valour force theiv foriqne qn P 
How fierce in fight, with courage undecayM I 
Judge if such warriors want immortal aid." 
To whom the goddess with the charming^ eyes* 
Soft in her tone, submissively re{di6s: 
" Why, O my sovVeign lord, whose frqwn I ie^tf 
- And cannot, unconcem'd, your anger bear — 
Why urge you (h«ts nf>y grief? when if I still 
(As once I was^ were mistress of your.w^ 
From your almighty pow*r your pleasing wife 
Might gain th^ grace of lengthenOtg Turaus* lila, , 
Securely snatch him from the fatal fight, 
And give him to b^sagtHi iather's s^bt. 
Now let him periishi since you hold it gpod. 
And glut the Trojans with his pious bbqd. 
Yet from our lineage h^ derives bis, name* 
And, in the fourth degree, from gpd J^ilumnu? aania ! 
Yet he devoutly pays you rit^s divine, 
And offei-s daily mcens^ at your shrine.*' , 
Then shortly thus the^sov'reigw jjod repUertri 
»* Since in my pow'r and goouiieiis you contidet j 

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If, fbr a nttle space, a lengtben*d span, 

Yoii beg reprieve for this expiring man, 

I grant you Beave to take your Tumus hence 

From instant fate, and can so far dispense. 

But, if some ?ecrei inearting IJes beneath. 

To save the short-Ilv*d youth iirom destinM death, 

Or, if a ftirtiier thought you entertain, 

To change the fates ; you feed your hopes in vain.** 

To whoiTl th& goddess thus, With weeping eyest 
" And what if that request,- your tongue denies. 
Your heart shall grant^and not a short reprieve, 
But length- of certain life, to Tumus give r 
Now speedy deatli attends the guiltless youth. 
If my presaging soul divines wnh truth ; 
Which, O ! 1 wish might err, tlirough causeless iean, 
And you (for you have powV) prolong his years I" 

Thus havrag said, involved in clouds, she fiiea, 
And drives a storm before l>er through the skies. 
Swift she descends, aligjbfihg on the plain, 
Where the fierce foes, a dtihidus fight maintain. > 
Of air condensM, a spectre soon she made ; 
And, what £n«as was, such 8een«*d the shade. 
Adom*d with Dardan anns, the phantom bore 
His head aloft ♦ Ik phiitty crest he wore : 
This hand appeared a shining swotti to wield 
And that sustairf d an imitated shield. 
With manly rhiert he slalk'd along the ground^ 
Nor wanted toice belied, nor vaunting sound. 
(Thus haunting ghosts appear, to waking sight, 
Or dreadful visions iff out dreams by night.) 
The spectre seems the Daunian chief to dare, 
And flourishes his empty sword in air. 
At this, advancing, Tumus hurrd his spear > 
The phantom whcel*d, itad seem*d to fly lor fear. 
Deluded Tumus thoa&ht the Trojan fled, 
And with vain hopes his haughty fiincy fed. 
•• Whhher, O coward f^ (thus he calls aloud, 
Nor lound he spoke to wind, and chas*d a cloud) 

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itNEIS. 1B3 

•• Why tbws forsake your bride? Receive fro»n.m« 
The faied tend you sought so long by sea." 
He said, and braodrsbhig at once his blade, 
With eager jAce pnrsuM the /'ying shade. 
Bt chance, a ship Was fkstenM to the shore, 
Which from old Chisium king Osiiiins bore *. 
The plank was ready laid for saib ascent ; 
For shelter there the trembling shadow tjent, 
And skippM, and skulk*d, and under hatches n^ent : 
Kxulting Tumus, with regardless haste. 
Ascends the plank, and to the galley passed. 
Scarce had he rtach'd thte proW, Saturn i^*^ hand 
The hakers cuts, ai^d shoot* the sl/ip from land. 
With wind in ptjt)p, the Vessd ploughs the sea. 
And measureis batk with speerf*^er fomier way. 
Meantime JEneas seeks his abs^t foe. 
And sends His slaughter'd trctops to sh&cfes below. 
The guileftH phantom noW fbr^ook the shroud, 
And flew sublime, and tanish*d tn a cloud. 
Too late young Tumus the delusion foumi, 
Far on the sea, Rtill makihg fr6ni the grounds 
Tlien, thankless for a life redeem'd by shante, 
With sense of hononr stung, and' forniit fanje,' 
Fearful besides Of what in light' had pllsi'd, ' 
His hands and haggttrd eyes to heav'n he cast 
" O Jove !" he cried—" mr what offence have ! 
Deserv'd toljear this ebdlbss infamy? 
Whence am I fotc'd, and whither am I bom©'? 
How, and withwhatiephjach shaH I return? 
Shall ever I behold the Latian plairt. 
Or see Laureniurh*s lofty tow'rfe again ? 
What will they say of their deserting chief? 
The war was mine : I fly from their reWef ! 
1 led to slaughter, and in slaughter leave; ' ' 
And e'en from hrnce their dying groans receive 
Here, over-ma ichM in fight, in heaps they Ije, 
There, scatierM o'er the IkMs, ignobly fly. 

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Gape wide, O earthy and diaw me down alive! 
Or, oh ! ye pitying winds, a wretch relieve 1 

On sands or shelvet?, the splitting vessel drive; . 
Or set ine shipwrecKVl on some desert shore, 
Where no Rutulian eyes may see me more^ > 
Unknown to friejuis, or foes, or conscious fame, 
Lest she should follow, and my flight procluini." 

Thus Turnys rav'd, and various fates revolv'd : 
The choice was doubtful, but the death resolv'd. 
And now the sword, and now the. sea, took place- 
That to revenge, and this to purge disgrace, 
Sometimes he thought to swim the stormy main, 
By stretcli of arms the distant shore to gain. 
Thrice he the sword essay'd, and thrice the flood: 
But Juno, mov'd with pity, both withstood, 
And thrice repress' d his rage ; strong gales supplied. 
And push'd the vessel o'er the swelling tide. 
At length she lands him on his native shores, 
And to his father's longing arms restores. ' 

Meantime, by Jove's impulse, IVIezentius arm'd, . 
Succeeding Turnus, with his ardour warin'd 
His fainting friends, reproached their shameful flight, 
Repeird the victors, and renew'd the fight. 
Against their khig the Tuscan troops conspire: 
Such is their hate, and such their fierce desire 
Of wish'd revenge— on him, and him alone, 
All hands employ'd, and all tlieir darts are thrown. 
He, like a solid rock by seas inqlosV, 
To raging winds and roaring waves opposed, 
From his proud summit looking down, disdains 
Their empty menace, and unmov'd remains. 

Beneath his feet fell haughty Hebrus dead. , 
Then Latajzus, and Palmus, as he fled. , . ^1^1,^,^ , 
At Latagus a weighty stone he flung: ,.^.;w^k(. | 
His face was flatted, and his helmet rung. ,, 

But Palmus from behind receives bis wound: 
Hamstringed he falls, and ijroveU on the ground , 

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Hiscreat and amiour ffom bi« body tara. 
Thy shouldets, Lausus, and Uyr bead, adorn. 
Evas and Mimas, both of Troy, he slew. 
Mimas big biitb itom iaur Pteano di-ew-> 
Bom on that fatal night, when, bift with fire, 
The queeft pEoduc'd youiw ParuiAaiHs siwi 
fiut Paris in the Phrygian fields was slais, 
Unthinking Mimas od the Latifn pl^in. 

And as a savage boar, on n^untaios bi;edy 
With forest mast aod fett'Diag marfhes fed. 
When once he s«as himself in toils inclM^d, 
By buntsmeaand^beir eagor bounds of poe'di 
He whets his luslu, and turns, *«d dare* the war , ■ 
Th* invaders dart ibeir jav'linfrfrow a^t . 
All keep aloof, «nd safely sb^ around ; 
But nbne presumes to give a nearer wound: 
He frets and irotbs, erects Jm brisUed hide^ 
And shakes a grove of Jaaces from bis side : 
Not otherwise the tioci^ wi^b bate iiispi**^ 
And just revenge against the tyrant fir'd* 
Their darts with clamour at a distance drive. 
And only keep the lai^isbM war alive. . 
From Cory thus c^me Acron to (be ^{|^ 
Who left bis spouse betrothed, and uac<H¥sumnHM- 

Mezentius sees him through the Sfjuadron ride. 
Proud of the purpJe favours of bis bride. 
Then as a hungry lion, who behcilds 
A gamesome goat wjso frisks abQut the |bld» 
Or beamy stag that grazes on 4hie plaia— 
He runs, be roars, be shake? hie psii^ map?, 
He gnns, and opens wide bis greedy 3aws . 
u iiR'®? ^^' panting underneath bis paws: 
He fills bis famisb*d maw ^ his naoutb ruirtoVr , a, 
With unchew'd morsels, while he churns tb« gown^ 
So proud Mezentius rushes on his foes, ,.x - 

And first unhappy Acron overthrows- ^ ^ 

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Stretched at bis length, he spurns the swarthy ground. 
The lance besmearM with bkx>d, lies broken in tfa* 

Then, with disdain, the hanghty victor riew'd 
Orodes flying, nor the wretnh pursuM, 
Nor thought the dastard's baclc desert'd a wound, 
Bui, running, gained th* adTantage of the ground : 
Then turning short, he met him fttceto face. 
To give his Victory thetwtter grace. 
Orodes fells, in equal fight oppressed t 
Mezentius flx*d his foot upon his breast. 
And rested lance; aiMl thus dlood hect^; 
" Lo ! here the champiion of my rebels lies !" 
The fields around with ** 16 Pican l^ ring ; 
And peals of shouts applaud the cont{a*iing king. 
At this the vanquishM with his dying breatii, ^ 
Thus feintly spoke, and propltesy'd in death: 
** Nor thou, proud man, unpunished shall remain, 
Like death attends thee on this fatal plain." 
Then, sourly smiling, thus the king replied: 
*♦ For what belongs to me, let Jove provide i 
But die thou first, whatever chance ensue..** 
He said, and ficom the wound the weapon drew. 
A hov^ng nrist came swimming o'er his sight. 
And seaPd his eyes'in everlasting night. 

By CsBdiGa8,Alcathotis was slain? 
Sacrator laid Hydaspes on the plain : 
Orses the strong to greater strength mwst yield i 
He, with Parthenius, wertj by Rapo kin*d. 
Then brave Me^sapus Ericetes slew, 
Who from Lyeaoi»*s blood his lineage dreW. 
But from his headstrong horse hisf fete he found, 
Who threw liis master, as he made a bound t 
The chief, alighting, struck him to the ground ; 
Theih«donTas, hand to hand, on foot assails : 
Thc'Troian sinks, and Neptune's sOii prevails. 

AjJIe the Lycian, stepping forth with pride. 
To single fight the boluest foe defied ; 

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JENEIS. 187 

Whom Tuscan V&lenis by force o^er canie« 
And not belied his mighty father's fame. 
Salius to death the great Authronius sent: 
But the same fate the victor underwent, . 
Slain by Nealces* hand, well skiird to throW 
The flying dart, and draw the fkr-deceiving bow. 

Thus equal deaths are dealt with equal chance i 
Bv turns they quit their ground, by turns advance* 
Victors and vanquish^ in the various field, 
Nor wholly overcome, nor whoHy yield. 
The gods from heav*n survey the ratal strifi^ 
And mourn the miseries of human life: 
Above the rest, two goddesses appear 
Concerned for each : here Venus, Juno there. 
Amidst the crowd, infernal Ate shakes 
Her scourge aloft, and crest of hissing snakes. 

Once more the proud Metentius, with disdain* 
Brandished his spear, and rush*d into the plain, 
Where towVhog in the midmost rank he stood. 
Like tall Orion stalking o'er the flood, 
(When witli his brawny breast he cuts the waves 
His shoulders scarce the topmost billow laves) 
Or like a mouutain-ash, whose roots are spread, 
Deep fixM in earth— in clouds he hides his head. 

IHie Troidn piihce beheld him from afor, 
And dauntless undertook the doubtful war. 
Collected in his strength, and like a rock 
PoisMon his base, Metentiae stood the shock. 
He stood, and mtosuringfirtt with nareful eyes 
The space his spear eould reach, aloud he criest 
* My strong i^ht hmd, and sword assist my stroke i 
(Those only ^s Mcaentius will invoke) 
His armour, rtom the Trojan phrate torn. 
By my triumphant Lausus shall be worn.'* 
He said ; arid with his utmost force he threw 
The massy spear, which, hissing as it flew. 
Beached the celestial shiMd : that stopped the course ; 
But, glancing lhem-,e, the Jet unbroken force 

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Took a new bent obliqyely, and, betwixt 
The side and bowels, ramM Antoris fix*d. 

AntoiJs had from Argos travelled far, 
Alcides'* fiietid, and brother of the war; 
Till, tir'd with toils, fair Italy he chose ; 
And in Evander's palace sought repose. 
Now falling by another^s wound, his eyes 
He cast to heav'n, on Argos thinks, and dies. 

The pious Trojan then his javTui sent: 
The shield gave way; through triple plates it went 
Of solid brass, of linen triply toU'd, 
And three bull-hides, which round the buckler roll*d« 
All these it pass'd, resistless in the course, 
Transpierc'd his thigh, and spent its dying force, 
Tjie gaping wound gush'd out a crimson flood. 
Tlie Trojan, glad with sight of hostile blood. 
His falchion drew, to closer fight addressM, 
And with new force his fainting foe oppressed. 

His father's peril Lausus view'd with grief; 
tie 9igh*d, he wept, he ran to his relief. 
And here heroic youth, 'tis here I inusl 
To thy immortal memory be just, t^ ... , \ 

And sing an act so noDle and so new, .I'to.t .. - 
Posterity will scarce believe 'tis true. 
Pain'd with the wound, and useless lor the fight, » 
The father sought to save himself by flight : 
EncumberM, slow he dragg'd the spear along, 
Which piercM his thigh, and in his buckler hung. 
Tlie pious youth, resolv'd on death, below 
The iifled sword, springs forth to face tlie foe ; 
Prolects his parent, and prevents the blow. 
Shouts of applause ran ringing through the field. 
To see the son the vanquish'd father shield. 
All fir'd with gen'ious indignaiion, strive. 
And, with a storm of dacts, to distance drive 
The Troian chief, wiio, held at Day firqm far, 
On bis Vuicaniati orb sustain'd the virac. 

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As, when thick hail comes rati'Iiiig in the wind» 
Vbe ploughman, passenger, and labVtng hind, 
For shelter to tl»e neighboring covert fly, 
Or, housM, or safe in hollow caverns, lie ; 
But, that overblown, when heav'n above them tniilett 
Return to travail, and renew their toils: 
JEneas, thus overwhelmed on ev'iy side. 
The storm of darts, undaanted, did abide ; . 
And thus to (.ausus loud with friendly threatening 

cried : 
»* Why wilt thou rosh to certain death and rage. 
In rash attempts, beyond thy tender age, 
Betrayed by pious love ?*•— Nor, thus forborn 
The youth deists, but with kisuhtng sooni 
Provokes the lingering prince, whose pfltti<»nce tir'd. 
Gave place ; and all his breast with fury 6rM. 
For now the Fates preparM their sharpenM shears; 
And lifted high the flaming sword appears. 
Which, full descending, with a frightfal sway. 
Thro* shield and corslet forc'd the impetuous way, 
And buried deep in his feir bosom lay. 
The purple streams through the thin armour strove. 
And drench'd the cmbroidei^d coat his mother wove , 
And life at length ibrsook bis heavmg heart. 
Loth from so sweet a mansion Co depart 

But when, with blood and paleness aU o^erspre|i{I^ 
The pious prince beheld young Laustis dead. 
He griev*d, he wept ; (the sight an, image brought 
Of his own filial love— a sadly pleasing ibougbt) 
Then stretch'd his hand to hold him up, and said : 
" Poor hapless youth ! what praises can be, paid 
To love so great, to iuch transcebdam store 
Of early wortli, and sure presage of more ** 
Accept whai*er iEneas can afford : 
Untouched thy arms, untaken b^ thy sword ; 
And all that pleased the living, still remain 
Inviolate, and sacred to the stain. 

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Thy body on thy parents I bestow, 
To rest thy soul, at least, if shadows know, 
Or have a sense of human things below. 
There to tliy fellow-ehosts with glory tell 
•Twae by the creat Jtoeas' hand I fell." 
With this his distant friends he beckons near, 
Provokes their duty* and prevents their fear: 
Himself assists to lift him firom the ground, 
With clotted locks and blood that well'd from out the 
Meantime, his father, now no father stood, 
And washed his wounds, by Tyber^s yellow flood : 
Oppressed with anguish, panting, and o^erspeot» 
His fainting limbs against an oak he leant. 
A bough his brafcen helmet did sustain, 
His heavier arms lay scattered on the plain : 
A cliosen train of youth around him stand : 
His drooping head was rested on his hand : 
His grisly beard his pensive bosom sought-, 
And all on Lausus ran his restless thought. 
Careful, concera'd, his danger to prevent. 
He much inquir*d, and many a message sent 
To warn him from the field— alas ! in vain ! 
Behold his mournful ((^lowers bear him slain: 
0*er his broad ^ield still gushM the yawning wound, 
And drew a Moody trail along the ground. 
Far off he heard their cries, far off divinM 
The dire event with* a foreboding mind. 
With dust he sprinkled first his hoary head; 
Then both his lifted hands to heaven he spread }. 
Last, the dear corpse embracing, thus he said : 
" What joys, alas ! could this frail being ^ive, 
That 1 have been so covetous to live f 
To see my son, and such a son, rusign 
His life a ransom for preserving mine ? 
And am I then preserved, and an thou lopt ? 
How much too dear has that redp'Mption codt ! 

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JLNEIS. 191 

*l'i8 now my bitter banishment I feel : 

This is a wound too deep for tioie to heal 

My guilt tiiy growing vinues did defame ; 

My blacknjess blotted thy unblcmishM name. 

CliasM from a throne, abandoned, and exil'd 

For foul misdeeds, were punishments too mild : 

I owM niy people these, and, from their hate, 

With less resentment couid have borne my &te. 

And yet I live, and yet sustain the sight ^ 

Of hated men, and of more hated light — 

But will not long." With that he raisM from gmuncl 

His fainting limbs that staggered with his wound ; 

Yet with a mind resolved, and ujiappall-d 

Will) pains or p«!rils for his courser caird-- 

Well-mouth*d, weli-managM, whom himself did 

With daily care, and mounted with success — -i* , 
His aid in arms, his ornattieiU in peace. 

Soothing his courage willi a gentle stroke, 
The steed seem'd i>tnif;ihle while thus iie spoke: 
" O Rhoebus ! we have livM loo long lor me — 
If life and long were lerms that could agree. 
This day thou either slialt bring back llie head 
And bloody trophies of ihe Trojan dead — 
This day thou either shall revenj^e my wo. 
For mnrderM Lauj^us, on his cruel foe ; ^ 

Oi, if inexorable Fate deny 
Our conquest, with thy conquer'd mailer die: 
For, after such a lord, I restbecure, 
'J'tiou wilt no foreign reins, or Trojan load, endure.'* 
He said : and straight tli' officious courser kneels. 
To take his wonted weight. His hands lie fills ,, . 
With pointed jav'lins; on his head he lac'd 
His glitt'ring helm, which terribly was grac'd *. 
With waving horsehair, nodding from afar: 
Then spurred his Jum during steed anjidst tlie war. 
Love, anguish, wratli,and grief, to madness wrought, 
Des|)air, and secret shame, and c6nscious thought 

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Of inborn worth, b'n lab*ruig soul oppressM, 
RoU'd in his eyes, amf Yag'd within his breast. 
Then loud he caHM iEneas thrice by name : 
The loud repealed voice to glad .-Eneas came. 
"Great Jove," he said, "and the far-shootmg god, 
Inspire thy mind to makethy challenge good !'♦ 
He spoke no more, but hasietiM, void of fear, 
And threatened with his long protended spear. 

To whom Mecentius thud : ** Thy vaunts are vain. 
My Lausus lies extended on the plain : 
He's los*: ! thy conquest is already won : 
The wretched sire is murdcr'd in the son. 
Nor &te I fear, but all the gods defy. 
Forbear thy threats : my bus*ness is co die - 
But first receive this pining legacy.** 
He said ; and straight a whirlhig dart he sent : 
Another afteff, and another, went. 
Round in a spacious ring he rides tlie field, 
And vainly plies th* impenetrable shield. 
fhrice rode he round* and chrice ^neas wheelM; 
Turn*d as he tum'd t the golden orb withstood 
The strokes, and bore about an iron wood 
Impatient of dday, and weary grown. 
Still to defend, and to defetid alone. 
To wrench the darts whkh in his buckler light, 
Urg*d, and o*erlafooitr*d in unequal fight — 
At length*d resolv'd, he throws, with all his force, 
Full at the temples of tlie warrior horse. 
Just where the stroke was aiiiiM, th* unerring spear 
Made Vayi, and stood transfixed through either ear» 
Seised with unwonted pain, surpris'd with firight. 
The wounded steed curvets, and, raisM upright. 
Lights on his feel before : his hoofs behina 
Spring up in air aloft, and lash the wind, 
Ddwu comes the rider headlong from his height: 
His horse' came after with unwieldy wc^ht. 
And, floundVing forward, pitching on his head. 
His lord*s encumbered shoulder overlaid 

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£NEIS. 193 

rrom either host, the n^nglecl shouts and cries 
Of Trojans and Rutulians rend the skies : 
£neas, hast'ning, wavM his fatal sword 
High o*er his head, with this reproachtul word : 
** Now, where are now the IaihHs, the fierce disdain 
or proud Mezentius, and the lofty strain !*' 

Struggling, and wildly staring on the skies 
With scarce recover^ sight, he thus replies: 
** Why these insulting words, this waste of breath, 
To souls undaunted, and secure of death ? 
'Tis no dishonour for the brave to die ; 
Nor came I here with hope of victory ; 
Nor ask I life, nor ibught with that design. 
As I had usM my fortui^ , use tliou thine. 
My dyin§ son contracted no such band : 
The gift is hateful from his murderer's haiid. 
For this, this only favour let me sue, 
If pity can to coiiquer'd foes be due, 
Refuse it not : but let my body have _, 

The last retreat of liumati kind, a grave. 
Too well 1 know the insulting people's hate. 
Protect me frurn their vengeance alter fate : 
This refuge for my poor remains provide; 
And lay my much-lov'd Lausus by my side." 
He said and to the sword bis throat applied. 
The crimson stream distainM his arms around, 
Knd the disdai:!fi;l soul came rushing through tnc 

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MCneas erects a trophjof the ipoils of Mezentiua, flints » 
truce for burjrin^ the dead, and sends home tbe1)odyof ■Pel- 
las with great solemnity. Latinus calhi a eotiDci!, to i^ropose 
offers of peace to ^neas ; wYiich ooeasioas gveai anHnosity 
betwixt Turatis and Dt^kite*. Im the mean twe there is a 
sharp eng'agem«ot«f the horse ; whereio Cawiila xis^aalixes 
herself, islulle4r«»4tlhE^Lati|ie troops are entire^ .defeatttd. 

{SCARCE had the rosy morning i-aisM her head 
Above the waves, aud left her wat'ry bed ; 
The pious chief, whom double cares attend 
For nis uiiburied soldiers and his friend. 
Yet first to heav'n perforni'd a victor's vows: 
He bar'd an ancient oak of all her boughs; 
Then on a rising ground the trunk he placM, 
Which with the spoils of his dead foe lie gi-tecM. 
The coat of arms by pro, id Mezeittius worii, 
Now on a naked tuaL; in tt'iumph bonie, 
Was hung on high, and gli«f r-d from afar, 
A trophy sacred to the god of war. 
.\hove his arms, fix'd on the leafless wood, 
AppearM his plumy crest, besmearM with blood. 
His brasen buckler on the left was seen : 
Truncheons of shiver'd lances hung between ; 
And on the right was placM his corslet, bor*d ; 
And to the neck was tied his unavailing sword 
A crowd of chiefs inclose the godlike man. 
Who, thus, conspicuous in the midst, began : 

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jciveis. 1^5 

;!Our toils, mj frauds, 4wi,crtw«*dwitfl sure wiccess 
The greater pan perform'd. achieve tte Jcfel ' 

Now foUow cheerful to the trembling W^: 

mss but an entrance, and presume it wan •hh^' 
* ear IS no more: for fierce M^zentuis Ijes ' . • ^ . 
As the first fruits of war, a sacrifice. ' - r, 

lunius shall fall extended on the plain 
And, m this omen, is already slain • • 

Sf nnni'' ^""'^ "^f '"^ ^"""^ ^^PP3^ <=hanoe ; 

And 1 ^th"''"^^'" "^ n^ay plead liis ignomnce 

Vol * *K*^f^ve» s appoimed hour, may find 

Your warlike ensigns waving i„ the wind. 

Meantime the rites and funVal pomps prei^re '• 

Due to your dead companions of tlfe war~^ 
J^'^i^^t respect ihc living can bestow. 

To shield their shadows from contempt below 
In5 wh"^^ "^ '^"\^^ '^^'''^ ^^' ""^^^ they 
Bni fi^f/^h ^°' "' """i^ '^^''' °^" ^l<^«d they bOuubL 
'?o tS. in^ corpse of our unhappy Iriend ^ ^ 

ro the sad city of Evatider send. 

Who, not mglorions in his age^s bloom um -. n 

Was hurried hence by too severe a doom." 'ti-: t 

Wh«.!i'' T^^P^"§' ^'u^^f ^^ ^P«^e,be took h« wa¥, " ^ 
Where, new m death, lamented Pallas lav ■• ' 

T^ffe^hl'S^*'''^ thecoi-pse, whose youth deservM = n, 
V^?h J ' V'T' ^"^ "^^^ ^he^i be served ■ » ! / 
With equal faith but less auspicious care: .. (.-.i^ . 
A »Ji^ ^"fT' ^^ '^^ '^^•" ^*^ ««"ow Share, in ' ;r. 
A troop of Trojans mix'd with these appear, - »« - :■ 
And mourning matrons with dishevell'd hair - • 

Ai beat their breasii>, aad eclK^rewd theky. 
Rnr L*!*" i* drooping fo^head from the gr/u»rti: 
But, when JEneas view'd the grisly wwind 
i^^J '-Ji^?*!.^ **'* *^^y boS>m bore. 
And the feir flesh distaia'd wkh«HinDteg»wr, 
Firsmi elung into tears, the pious nSn 
UepioiM so sad a wght, th«« ilms b^.. 

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196 mimti, 

** Unhappy yotith ! when fortutf« g&v« the r6«t 
Of my fall wisbes, she refused the best ! 
She came ; hue brought not thee along; to bless 
My longing eyes, and share in my success : 
She grudgM thy safo return, the triumphs due 
To prosperous valour, in the puhlto view. 
Not thus I promisM, when thy fhtfrer lent 
Thy needless succour with a sad conseitt ; 
iCmbrac^d me, partmg for th* Etrurian land, 
And sent me to possess a large command. 
He warn'd, and from his own experience told, 
Our foes were warlike, disciplinM, and bold. 
And now, perhaps, in hopes of thy return 
Rich odours ou his loaded altars burn, 
While we, with vain officious pomp, prepare 
To send him back his portion «f thfe war, 
A bloody breathless body, which can owe 
No farther debt, but to the powers below. 
The wretched father, ere his race is run. 
Shall view the fun'ral honours of his son ! 
These are my triumphs of the Latian war, 
Fruits of my plighted faith and boasted car^l 
And yet, unhappy sire, thou shalt not see 
A son, whose death disgraced his ancestry: 
Thou shalt not bhtsh, old man, However griev'd : 
Thy Pallas no dishonest wound received. 
He died no death ta make thee wish, too late, 
Thon hadst BOtHv^d to see his Shameful fate. 
But what a champion hasth* Auso^ian coast, 
And what a friend hast thou, Ascanius, lost!*^ 

Thus having moujrn'd, he gave the word around, 
To raise the breathless body from the groimd ; 
And chose a thousand horse, the flow*r of all 
His warlike troops, to wait the funeral. 
To bear him back, and share Evander's grie^— • 
A well-becoming, but a weak relief. 
Of oaken twigs they twist an easy bier, 
T'len on their shoulders the sad burden rear. 

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JENEfS. 1? 

The body qn his rural hearse is borne : - 

StrewM leaves and fun'ral greens the bier adorn. 
Ail pale he lies, and looks a lovely llow'r, 
New cropt by virgin hands, to dress the bow** 
Unfadod yet, but yet unfed below. 
No more to mother-earth or the green stem ehaU owe. 
Then two fair vests, of woncProus work «id cost. 
Of purple woven, and wHh gold emboss'd, 
For ornahient tlie Trojan hero brought, 
Which with her hands Sidoniajn Dido wrought 
One vest array'd the corpse : and one they spread 
O^er his clos'd eyes, and wrapt around hid head^ 
That, when the yellow hair in flame should fall, 
The catching firs might burn the golden caul. 
Besides, the spoils of foes in battle slain, . 
When he descended on the Latian plain- 
Arms, trappings, horses — by the hearse are led 
Jn long array — th' achievements of the dead. 
Then pinion'd with their hands behind, appear 
Th' unhappy captives, marching in the rear, 
Appointed ofiTriiigs in the victDr*s name. 
To sprinkle with their blood the fun'ral flame. 
Inferior trophies hy the chiefs are borne : 
Gauntlets and helms their loaded hands adorn; 
And fair inscriptions fix'd, and titles read 
Of Latian leaders conqner'd by the dead. 

AccBtes on his pupil's corpse attends. 
With feeble steps, supported by his friends. 
Pausing at every pace, in sorrow drown'd. 
Betwixt their arms he sinks upon the ground ; 
Where grov'ling while he lies in deep despair, 
He beats his breast, and rends his hoary hair. 
The champion's chariot nes.t is seen to roll, 
BesmearM with hostile blood, and honourably fooL 
To close the pomp, .flthon, the steed of state. 
Is led, the fun'rals of his lord to wait. 
Stripp*d of his trappings, with a sullen pace 
He walks ; and the big tears run rolling down his hen. 

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19t JENEAS. 

The lance of P»Uw, wd the cii«nswi crejt, 
Are borne bohM i^-^hfi victor seized the rest 

The march begins: tr.e trumpets hoarsely fcound: 
The pikes and laiices trail along the ground. 
Thus while the Trajan and Arcadian horse 
To PalanieftH low'rs direct their course. 
In long procession r ukM ; the pious chief 
fetoppM in the rear, and gave a vent to grief 
*' The public caie/ he said " which war attends, 
Diverts our present woes, at least suspends. 
Peace with the raanes of great Pallas dweU . 
Hail holy relics! and a bst farewell !' 
He said no more, but, inly though he mourn d, 
Restrain'd his tears, and to the camp ceturn d. 

Now suppliants, from Laurenlum sent. ce.inana 
A truce, with oUve-branches in their iiand : 
Obtest his clemency, and from the plain _ 
Be«' leave to draw the bodies of then- slam. 
Th*ey plead, iliat none those common rites deny 
To conquer'd foes that in fair battle die. 
*^11 cause of hate was ended in their death ; 
Nor could he war with bodies void of bi«atb. 
A kin« they hop'd, would hear a king's request, 
Wbo^'son he once was call'd, and once his gMCSt. 

Their suit, which was loo just to be denied, 
Die hero grants, and farther thus replied: 
** O Latian princes ! how severe a fate 
In causeless quarrels has involved your slate. 
And arm'd against an unoffendmg man. 
Who sought your frieod^iiip ere Uie war hegau i 
You be*' a truce, whicli I would gladly give, 
Not only for the slain, hot those who live. 
I came not hither but by heavM's command. 
And sent by faie to share ihe Latian land 
Nor wage I wars unjust; your king denied 
My praffer'd friendship and my promia'd bnds, 
Left me for Tornu&. Turnus then should try 
- Uk cause in ariftSi to conquer or to die. 

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My right aad hu are io dispute; the slaiu 
Fell without &ult, oiir quarrei to mabaiau^ 
In eaual arms let us alone ejontend ; 
And let him vatiquish, w.honi.|))s dttes be&iQid, 
This is the wa^ (^ ifiW hira) to. possess 
The royal virgin, and restore tiie peace. 
Bear this-oasr inesnge baek^witb ample leare 
ThM youK «l^.£rie»ds may funVal rites receive^** 

Thus having sai4-^the ambassadors, amas^d« 
Stood muo awhile,, ajid oo ca^U other gaz*d. 
Drances, Ibeir chief, who harbour'd in his i^east 
Long hate to Tujvus, as hi^ foe profecs'H, 
Broke silence ^st, and to the gixiUke man 
With graceful action bowing, thus began- 
** Auspicious prifxse, in arni^ a inigl^ty namcv 
But yet whos4^<a9ti(Oos far tianscend you: iaoN [ 
Would 1 yojur justice oc your foixre. enpressv 
Thoughts eaa uut ec)ija4 ; ^^ ^ voxas are lfia«. 
Your answer we shall thankfully relate, 
And favoajs granted to the Uttian state 
If wish'd success pur labours shall auei » 
Think peace coocluded, and the king your ixmvi. 
Let Tumus-leave tile realm to yourcotnmaivir 
And seek aI)ian(PAin somi^ othe];,laoid': 
Build you the city which your fi^tes assign;. 
We shall be prcftid. in the great work to joior^* 
Thus Drances; and his words s» wsAl p«r9ua^ 
The rest empowered, that sooo a truce is ;»iade. 
Twelve days ibe term allowed: and, during thosev 
Latians and Trojaes now no lon^ foesr 
Mix'd in the woods, for fon^cal piles prepare 
To fell the timber, and forget the war. 
Loud axes through the sroaning groves resound: 
Oak, mountain-asbt and poplar, spread theg/^OAJod; 
Firs fall frojga hig^ ; i^nd some the trunks receive 
In loaden lyaint; with, wedges some they cleave. 

And now the fatal news by Fame is blown. 
Througlt the short circuit of tji? Arcadian toiwn 

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too £NFUS. 

Of Pallas dain-by Fame, which juat before 
His triumphs on distended pinions bore. 
Rushing from out the gate, the people stano* 
Each witli a funVal flambeau in his hand. 
Wildly they stare, distracted with amaze: 
The fields are lishien*d with a fiery biase. 
That casts a sullen sptendour on their firiend**- 
The marching troop which their dead prmoe altftodt. 
Both parties meet; they raise a dolefu* cry: 
The matrons firom the walls with shrieks reply ; 
And their mix*d mourning rends the vaulted 4kj» 
The town is fiUM with tumult and with tears, 
Till the loud clamours reach Evander^s ears: 
Forgetful of his state he runs along, 
With a disorder'd pace, and cleaves the throng ; 
Falls on the corpse ; and groaning there belies, 
With silent grief, that speaks but at his eyes. 
.Short sighs and sobs succeed ; till sorrow' breaks 
A passage, and at once he weeps and speaks: 
*♦ Pallas ! thou hast fail'd thy plighted word ! 
To fight with caution, not to tempt the sword, 
I wam*d thee, but in vain ! for well I knew 
What perils youthful ardour would pursue- 
That boiling blood would carry thee too far, 
Young as thou wert in dajngers, raw to war! 
O curst essay of arms ! disastroii^ doom* ! 
Prelude of bloody fields, and fights to eoine ! 
Hard eleihents of iiiauspicious war ! 
Vain vows to heav*n, and unavailing care ! 
Thrice happy thou, dear partner of my bed 
Whose holy soul the strc^ of Fortune fled — 
Prescious of iJls, and leaving me behind. 
To drink the dregs of life, by fate assigned. 
Beyond the goal of nature I have gone: • 
My Pallas late set out, but reach'd too^oon. 
If, for my league against th* Ausonian state. 
Amidst their weapons I had found my fate 
(Deserv'd from them,) then I had been retum'd 
A breathless victor, and my son had mourn^ci. 

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Yet will I not »iy Trojan friend upbraid, 

.Nor grudge th* alliance I so gladly made. ' "^ 

*Tu'as not his fault my Pallas fell so young, "'J'.^' *'^ 

But my own crime for having livM loo long. ■'*'^'" 

Yet, since the gods had destin'd him to die, '^*' ' 

At least, he led the way to victory: ''' 

First for his friends he won the fatal shore, 

And sent whole herds of slaughtered foes before— 

A death too great, too glorious to deplore. 

Nor will I add new honours to thy grave, "J^^ 

Content with those the Trojan hero gave— *'' 

That funeral pomp thy PHl^gian friends design'H, 

In which the Tuscan chiefs and army joinM. 

Great spoils and trophies, gainM by thee, they bear: 

Then let thy own achievments be thy share. 

E'en thou,0 Turnus, hadst a trophy stood. 

Whose mighty trunk had better grac'd the wood, 

If Pallas had arrived, with equal length 

Of years, to match thy bulk with equal strength. 

But why, unhappy man ! dost thou detain 

These troops, to view the tears thou shcd'st in vain ? 

Go, friends! this message to your lord relate:' ' 

Tell him, that, if I bear my bitter fate, •^*". ' 

And, after Pallas' death, live lingering on, '* '" • 

'Tis to behold his vengeance for my son. ' '*^ '^ 

1 stay for Turnus, whose devoted head •<*yc»?' 

Is owing to the living and the dead. '|^' ^ 

My son and I expect it from his hand ; '^ ^^* 

♦Tis all that he can give, or we demand. " ^^"'' 

Joy is no more : but I would gladly go, 

To greet my Pallas with such news below." 

The inoni l:r,,1 n,nv ^!is""!M lie 5^hadr5 of nigh* 
Restoring toils, whtui suw **.*«-* ^ ,iie iigiiL 
The Trtjan king, andTuscan rhlef command 
To raise the piles along the winding strand. 
Their friends convey the dead to fun'ral fires ; 
Black smould'ring smoke from the green wood expires ; 
The light of heaven is chokM, and the new day letirk^s. 

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9l)9 ibNIMSi. 

Then thrice around the kindled, piles tbey go. 
(For ancient custom, bad Qvdmwd It so) . 

Thrice horse and foot about the fires are led ; 
And thrice with loud laments they hail the dead. 
Tears trickling ftow.n their breasts, bedew the giouiid 
And drums and triunpeis mix theii moucnftU souud. 
Amid the blaze, their pious brethren throw, 
The spoils, in battle taken firoiu the foe-^n . 
Helms, bits emboss'd, and swords of shinmgstpcl* 
One casts a target, one a chariot- wheel : 
Some to their fellows their own arms restore — 
The falchions which in lucUess fight they bore. 
Their bucklers, pie re' d, their darts bestowed 19 v^iw 
And shiver'd lances gjather'd from the plaiiv ,. '. 
Whole herds of offer d bulls, about the Ai-e, :^( 
And bristled boars, and woolly sbeep, expire. 
Around the piles a careful troop attends, 
To watch the wasting flames, and weep th^ir buniiiig 

Lingering along the shoBe, till dewv night 
New decks the face, of heav'n with starry light 

The conquerM Latians,. with likfs piou&care, 
Piles without number for Uieir dead prtepaie* , 
Part, in the places where they felU are laid ; 
And part are to the neighboring lields conveyM. 
The corpse of kings, and captains of reoovyu, 
Borne off in state, aie buryM in the town ; 
The rest unhonour^d, and without a name. 
Are cast a common heap tp feed.tjb^ (lame. 
Trojans and Latians vie with Uke de»re3 
To make the field of battle shii«e with fii^s.; 
And the promiscuous blaze to heaven aspires. 

Now had the morning thrice renewed, the light*. 
And thrice dispell*d (be shadows of the night, . , 
When those who round the wasted fires c^iiiaiu^^ 
Perform the last sad office to the slain. 
They rake the yet warm ashea froin below ; 
These, and the bones unburn'd, iji earth bejstpw • 

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These relics with their toantty rites they grace, 
And raise a mount of tinrf 19 mark th# ptaHte. 

But, in itee paldce of the king, appears 
A scene ante foteran, and a pomp of tears. 
Maids, matrons, widows^ anixtheir ownmo n motam 
Orphans their sttet^ and ^wefthunent tkeireons* 
All in that wiWereaf soinmr'SliaBC^ 
And curse the' cause^of tlmvahappf w«r«-< 
A brekei» ieatga^^ u bride imjtist^ sought^ 
A crown usurp^dy^wbielswilkFtheirtaModwbdagln, 
These are Ihe crknes, wkh whiei» they load the name 
Of Tumus, and on him alqne exclaim t 
*'■ him, who lords it o'er th^ Ausentan land^ 
Engage the Trojan hetohand'toihancl; 
His is the gAtrvr our lot Isbtlt toeerve^ 
'Tis just, the sway he seeks^He shoaid ddsorre^f" 
This Drances aggimviatesf attdadd%«^tb;«pitev 
His foe expects, and dasesbim sonin ifht; 
Nor Tumus wants a paity, to rapport 
His cause and credit an tne Latiaii eooru 
His former acu secttte Ms present fittae; 
And the queen shades him with haivangbt5i«naane : 

While thus their lactnueaiiiMis-Kith fury banii 
The legates finom th* ^t»»iian priiscafetura i 
Sad news they bring, thatr after tA\ ^ coet 
And care employed, thew embassy is lorn. ; 
That Diomede ref^'d hit^ aid>ki. was, 
UnmovM with presents, anAas deaf to pny^ 
Some new alHanoe vmist elsowiiere be sdughit, 
Or peace witA Troy on hard eoiidittons bought^ 

Latinos, sunk in sormw, £nds too lata^ 
A foreign son is pointed out l^ fate; 
And, till ^nleas shall Lavit»ia wed, 
The wrath of heav'if is hoy>rkig e*er hie heaci 
I'he gods, he saw, espousM the raster sida, 
When late thefr titles in the fieltf were ttiadc 
W'itness the firSsh laments, and funeral tears undried. 

rhu6 fuU of anxroKS tiKMight, be sommons all 
The Latian senate lo the couacn hall. 

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S04 MKEiS. 

The prinoet come, ccHnmanded by their headt 
And crowd the paths that to the palace lead. 
Supreme in pow'r, and reveoneno^d forhisyeois, 
He takes the thronev and in the midst appeavi. 
Majesticaliy sad, be sits in state. 
And bids bis^oToya their success lelale. 

When Venulus began, themurm'tingisoaad , . 
Was hiish'd, and sacred silence reigned aoaund. 
^* We have," said be, ^ purform'ii yotirbigbeosiiiandy 
And passed wftli porila ttMig>tHictof' laud-. 
We reachM tba pWa otesirM ; witb wonder fiU'd, 
The Grecian tents aad rising towers beheld. 
Great Diomede has sompassM round with walls 
The city, whicb M^fftipa. he caUs, 
From his own Ai^o»nam*d»fye touch'd with joy, 
The royal band that raB*«l tiabappy Tvoy. 
When iatfoduo^df oitr presents first we bring. 
Then cmve an instant audience witb Uie king, 
His leave obtainM our native soil we name, « 

And tell th* iigportaotxaute for which we came. 
Attentively he beajKl tts while we-spoke; 
Then wicb soft acoems and a pleasing look, 
Made.tMtretumir * Ausanian race,Df old 
Renowned for peace, wm*i for »n age of gold, 
What madness has your altered miads possessed. 
To change for war- hereditary nest, 
Solicit arms onknofm,'artd<tein)H the sword— 
A needless ill, yoar ancestors abborrM ? 
We— for mysetf I speakv and aU tiuo naR>e . 
Of Grecians, who to Tcoy^s dtesiruction came-*- 
(Omitting those who were in battle slain. 
Or borne by rolling Simots to the main) 
Not one but suffer'd, and too dearly bought 
The prize of honour whieb in arms be sought 
Some doomed to death, and some in exile driven. 
Outcasts, abandon*d by the oare of bcav'u— 
So worn, 60 wretched, so despisM a crew, 
As e*en ol<l Priam might with pity view. 

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JEN£IS. 205 

Witness the vessels by Minerva toee'd 

In storms— the vengeftil Capharean coast— 

Th* Cubtsan rock^—ihe prince, whose brother led 

Our armies to revenge his injured tied, 

In Egypt lost Ulysses, witii bis mea. 

Have seen Charybdis, ami the Cyclops* den. 

Why should I name Idomeneus^ia vain 

Restored to sceptres^ and expell'd agaia f 

Or young Achilles, by his rival slain ? 

E'en he, the king of me», tbe fofemosC name 

Of all the Qieeks, and most renowned by lanie. 

The proud revenger of another's wile, 

Yet by bis own adulteress tost his life — 

Fell at his threshold ; and the s|Nij1s of Troy 

The foul polluters of his bed eajoy^ 

The gods have envied me the aweeta of life. 

My much-lov'd country and my more knr'd'Wife : 

Banish'd Stom botb« I mourn ; while in the sky. 

Transformed to birds, my lost companions lly ^ 

Hovering about the coasts they make their moan. 

And cdii the clifiiB with pinions not thenr own. 

What squalid spectcea^ io the dead of night, 

Break my short sleep, and skim before my sight ! 

I might have promised to myself Uioiie harms, 

Mad as I was, when I with mortai ann% 

Presumed against immortal powers to.move, 

And violate with wounds the quean of love 

Such arms this hand shall never more employ ; 

No hate remains with me to ruin'd Troy. - •■ 

1 war not with ks dust ; nor are f glad 

To think of past events, or good or bad^ " 

Your presents 1 return: whaie'eryou- bring 

To buy my friendship, send the Trojan king. 

W^e met in fight: I know him to my cost: 

With what a whirling force bis lance he toss'd ! 

Heavens ! what a sprinK was in his arm, to throw f 

How high he held hi8 Hliield, and rose at evVv blow ! 

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20^ JENSIS. 

Had Troy producM two tnofe bb match in ivnght 
They would have changed the ibnune of tb« light 
Th' invasioo af the Greeks had been reKHr^^fi, 
Our empires wasted aaid our cities bomNt. 
The long defence ibe T«ojao |>cople made^ 
The war protraded, aiid the :tia^e delay M* 
Were due to Hector's and tiau tawo'g han^ : 
Both brave altKo. and equal in ^oaunaiid-; 
M neas, not inferior in tha fiaid^ 
Ju pious reverence to the gods aacell^. 
Make peace, ye Latiaiis^and avoid witti^»U« 
Th* impending dangers of a fata) -war.* 
He saia no more ; but with this oald esttftsie, 
Refused th^ allifmce, and advised a trace. *^ 

Thus Venulus conckided his i«pnit. 
A jarring murmur fiU'd the £itctiou8'COtfrC: 
As when a torrent rvUs with mpid foree, 
Ar d dashea o^er the «tONes that stop their etMirse, 
The flood ooiislrain^d nritliin a icanty spsWie, 
Roars horrible^aldiig tkt' junevsy jttce ; 
White foaoa in §ath^ring eddieii<toan effound ; 
The rocky shores rebdUoiv to tlM «Mmd. 

The murimif ceae'd i than-ihiffi hii lofty ihrofne 
The king invoked «he godsy and thU8^4)egiia : 
** 1 wish, ye Latiana, triiat we naxi debate 
Had been resolved befera it wiai too lat^. 
Much better bad it bean for yoa and rAe, 
Unforced ta thii aur last twcesshy. 
To have been earlier wise, tban now lo ttSU 
A council, when lite foe surrounds the watt. 
O citizens, we wage iraequal wai^ 
With men, not oidy heaven's pcci^iar eare, 
But heav'n^s own oace-t-uuconquer^d in the iieM, 
Or, conquer'^d, yet unknowing haw toyield. 
What hopes you bad in Dioiniede, lay downt 
Our hopes must centre on ourselves ah)ne. 
Vet thoee how feeble, and, indeed, how Tain, 
?ou see too well; nor need mv words explain- 

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VanqiiishM witHoui «8eo«»«»-'4aid A«< by laie— 

Factions wiiht»,afte iwit*»*iot'the!gate ! 

Not but 1 grtnt ttatfldl ip^tiotttCA ^mr p^na 

With tnaiHy fowc. airf wkh tiiidauii*ed li«ajrift» 

With our united fimigth Uit «*r w» wa«'^ j 

With equal numbwa, oi|ual^anf»s,=eiigag'd: 

You see th* ewsnt ^Sbw tear mhH I ifvopoe^. 

To save <i«r fri«mtef and lBtrt% our foes, 

A tract of land ahe i-a<a«nt«hll»e ipoisess^d 

Along the Tyber, 8treic»iifig4»itfcwwwt, 

Which now Rtmiliaiw tad AJfUfli^afts liUt; 

And their mfacM oaftle glra»e4be frwtful hiH. 

Those mountains fitt*d wilh firt, thai lower land, 

If you consent, the Trajaiw «teaiU c«»nmaod> 

CallM into part of -wrtiat *» oiik • amd -there, 

On terms agt«e^, rtse Gammon coundry Bba,re. 

There let thean Inwld, an* trtd* if 4hey pteaw ; 

Unless they choose owett rtiore I& prow tii« «ea^, 

In search of seats ifemrte fMt» Itftly, 

And from itiwwteome inii«at«s«9t ua free. 

Then twice tew gaKeyfl ItC t« buiW with speed, 

Or twice as many more, if wete they need. 

Materials are 4t hand •: a wifH gtown wood 

Runs equal with the tnaKgln -of thre ;flood : 

Let them the nuinberiand the form assign.; i . 

The ca*e afld cost of aH the siowa he mine. 

To treat the peace, a htiodred aenatocs 

Shall be commhsion'd -hence with aiiy^le piwv'rs. 

With olive crown'dt ihe preeenu th^y 9kiA\\ bear* 

A purple robe, a^reyal Jir*jfy obair, . 

And all themaefcs of sway Omt Lajaan,monard)s wear. 

And soms of gold. Amwig Jrowrsdves debate 

This great affair, «nd aarei the tiukjog state. " 

Then Drancefftook tho'WOrd, wbogpudg'd, lo»^ pwica. 
The rising glories of the fiaunian priope» 
Factious and rich, boid at tlwcowacii^ard, 
But cautious m 4(h* field, he-shuiwa'd ibf «w«rd— r 
A close caballeB,attd tongue- vaUaat lord. 
Nnble his mother was, and near the throne : 

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S08 f^irnff. 

But, what his father's parentagt, unknown. 

He rose, and took th' advantage of tne times, 

To load young Turmis with invidioos crinnes. 

** Such tmtns, O king," said he, ^ yoer words cotitain, 

As strike the sense, and lUl ret^lies am 'vain; 

Not- are your loyal subjects now to seek 

WhAt common needs reqcrire ; but fear to speak. 

Let him give leare of speech, th^t haughty man. 

Whose pride this inauspickras w«r be^ui ; 

For whose amoition, (let me da«« to say, 

Fear set apart, though death is in my way) 

The plains of Latium run^whh Wood around ; 

So many valiant heroes bite the grotmd ; 

Dejected grief in ev*ry ikce' appears ; 

A town in mourning, and a land in tears ; 

While he, th* undoubted author ef our barms* 

The man who menaces the gode with arms. 

Vet, after ail his boasrts, fbnook the fight, 

And sought his safety in ignoble flight. 

Now, best of kings, since you nropose to send : 

Such bounteous presents to yodr Trojan firiend ; > 

A; Id yet a greater at our joi«t request. 

One which he values more than'all the rest: 

Give him theiair Lavinia for his brides : 

With that alliance let the league be ti^, 

And for the bleeding land a lasting peace provide. 

Let insolence no longer awe the throne; 

But, with a falhei^s riglU bestow your own. 

For this maligner of the general good. 

If still we tear his force, he most be wo(f(\ s 

His haughty godhead we with pray'rs implore, 

ITour scepfbB to release, and our just rijghts restorei. 

O cursed cause of all our ills ! must we t 

Wage wars unjust, and foil in fight for thee f 

What right hast thou to rule the Latian stale, 

And send us out to meet our certain fate f 

Tis a destructive war: from Tumu** hand 

Our peace and public safety we demand. 

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«»E48. 209 

Let the foir bride to the j^^r^ckief remain, 

(f not, the ^ffWi% without t^plodgB, is vaiOw 

Turnus, I Twm yoM tbuliL Rte not your friend. 

Nor wiU>l lOMcb wUh yow heMef contend : 

I beg youi f/tml99ss not tOi give the law 

In other realms, bu^ibQat^OiiowiihcUaw. 

Pity your own, or pityAur estate j 

Nor twist our 6»tuoe9 with. your siidLing fate. 

V^our intVest U, thewiir fihoiUd nevar cease ) 

But we have felt.eiiQiigK' to fwi^ thepeoccH- 

A land exhati6t«d to tfie-last roeoaiiiSy 

Depopulated toHrne,jand.driir'n plains. , < 

Yet, if desire 'of^toM, and thirst of jpow% . 

A beauteous piincess, with il cni^a m dowHv ' 

So fire your otlnd) in arms ftssert youi right, . 

And ni06t ^qiuibei^ whadiues the figbt. . 

Mankind, li smamt avet^made^ wr you alonej^ 

We, but the slavMwha jioui)t,^yoM ti»<he throne** . 

A base ignoble ocowiL without a, oaoie. 

Unwept, unvrarthy of the Au^ralJajne,. 

By duty bound to forfeit each his liie^ 

That Tunius may possess a royal wii^ •' ■ 

Permit not, mighty man, sO'ineania cvew > 

Should share such triumphs, and detain £eort you 

The post of houomv yeisr undoubted due^ 

Rather alone your tnatoliless force emplayt 

To merit what alone you oiust enjoy." 

These words, so li«U of maliee, mix^d .wilh.aft» 
InflamM with rage the youiMul heroes heart. •. . 
Then groaning fron the botAQia pfi^is breast,- 
He heav'd focjHrind* and thus hia w^alh eKpress^dt 
** You, Drances» sieres waat-a stfeam of words, . 
Then, when the pubUo.need requires our swordSb 
First, m the council- ball^to/Steef th«8taxe^ 
And ever foremost in a tongue debate, ' . 

While our strong walls, secitfe us from the foe, 
Ere yet wHh blood our. ditches overfl<Kv ; . . 

VOL. u. 14 

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910 -jsmsis. 

But let the potent oriiMr d«efti4in. 
And with the brand of ^eowttrd 'btdt'mf ^tttue; 
Free leave is giv^n Kim;i;p^l^4n»'f«ta( hMid' 
Has covered with itioye dot]^4he <M«gintte ftnod^ 
And high as mine hi« tcwr^iing tmMm mtnd. 
If any doubt remams who iikiM&4Wmott, 
Let us defflde it at the TMfan^s-ciOBtt 
And issu^both a-bveait,^hcirat»ii0tlir^ll*^ 
(Foes are not fkr to seek withocH^fhe Watis^ 
Unless his tioity longiUft cwn 'On*)r 'figktt, 
And feet were eivV^ Mm^ bitt «o :tf|yte«dl Mt4i|(lM. 
1 beaten from the^igcMf I fevD^d Mray? 
Who,but so4cfMmii>a4^a^rd, daice io<fa^if 
Had he but«v*n beheitf «lit fight, Jns^^ieft 
Had witnes^d tbf'fnerivheft Mi fOM|;u«»dciiia»^ 
What he»M of Tto}M6 4^ thietbciid mmm iiiAt^ 
And how tW^Motidy TybeiriMralMitiie iwttil. 
All saw, but lm,\H* A¥ffadia« <rao(MWfCfW 
In scatterM squsdratie^nd their pfuu» mspm. 
The giant brothers, 4n ^ieir«amp«^4iav&4ton4^ ■ 
I was not forcM with esse ii»«|sn my igrnuHrf. 
Not such the Tirojam^tried itia^-whim, oioIm^ 
f singly their Mriied arms ofifW^*- i 

First fbrcM an «tiM«nee tiWiMigb4h«irthiclL aivavt 
Then, glutted ^hh tlwir ^slaugMKr, iMad my mw. 
*Tis A destructive watr4 So iw it be, 
But to the Phryg;laii ttirraltAfttiid lotiiea^ 
Meancitne firocbed io fill >fhe pec»kt*»«»fi / 
With false ^«fM>Pt8ylh«ir wMKiv \w^ fiwiio sfesi^ft : 
Extol the-Mpength «f n •wteo^omiosc'd jOKei; 
Our foes encburaget^fMl dupafnewkdetiBnew 
Believe «hy liible^, ami the Taefaft ixmH 
Triunvphvot stauds^, tli»Ui«eiaci8«re o'ertlnrdvpiv; 
Suppliant at J4e(jtov*» A«r AohSkM ^iea^ 
Ana Diomede froih fmrm Mimsa Am. 
Say, rapid A^fidus with avrfidd^cad 
Ruu8 backward -ivofQ the!iea,iind faide»ibis h«ad. 

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When the great Trojan on his bank app^irat ' j„ 

For that's as true as thy dissembled fears V 

Of my revenge : tlismiss that vanity: -^ 

Thou Drancesu art below a death from me. ." 

Let that vile soul iti that vile body rest ; 

Tlie lodging is wfeU worthy of the guest, . ,^ 

Now royal father, to the present stale /, • 

Of our affairs, and of this high debate — 

If in your arms thus early you diffide, f,, 

And think your fortune is already tried ; ., . 

if one defeat has brought us down so low, 

As never more iti fields to meet ihe foe ; 

Tlien 1 conclude for peace: His time to treati 

And lie like vassals at the victor's feet. -i, . 

But oh ! if any ancient blood remains, . ' , 

One drop of all our fatheis, in our veins, 

That man would I prefer before the rest, 

Who dar'd his death with an undaunted breast i 

Wlio comely fell by no dishonest wound» 

To shun that siglit, and, dying, gnaw'd the ground 

Bi!t, if WB still have fresh recruits in store, 

If our confed'rates can afford us more; 

If ihe contended field we bravely fought: 

And not a bloodless victory was bought ; ,^ 

Their losses equall'd ours, and for their slain, :.v 

Witli equal fires they fill'd the shining plain; 

Why til us, unforc''' shoidd we so tamely yield, 

And. ere tiie irutnpet sounds, resign the field j 

Good unexpected, evils unforeseen, 

Appear by lurns, as fortune shifts the scene: 

Some, rais'd aloft, come tunihhiig down amain ; 

Then fail so hard, they bound and riee a^ain. 

If Diomede refuse his aid t(/ lend, 

The great Messapus yet remains our friend : 

Tolumnius, who fortells events, is ours : 

Th* Italiar. jaieis, and princes, join their pow'cs; 

Nor least in number, nor in name the last. 

Your own brave subjects have our cause etnbrac*d 

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212 £IfEI3. 

Above the rest, the Volscian Amazon 
('oi)taxins ail army in herself alone, 
And beads a squadron, terrible to sight, 
WiU gliti'ring shields, in brazen armour bright 
Yet, if the foe a single fight demand. 
And I alone the public peace withstand ; 
If you consent, he siiall not be refus*id, 
Nor 'ind a hand to victory tinus'd. 
Thie new Achilles, let him take the fifeld, *" 
Wi..h fated armour, and Vulcanian shield! 
for you, my royal father, and my faiVie, 
I, Turnus, not the least of all njy name, 
Devote my soul. He calls me hand to band ; 
And I alone wilT answer his demand. 
Drances shall rest secure, and neither share 
, The danger, nor divide the prize, of war." 

While they debate, nor these nor those will yield, 
£neas draws his forces to the field. 
And moves his camp. The scouts with flying speed 
Return, and through the frighted c?iy spread 
Th' unpleasing news. ** 'Hie Trojans ai-e descried^ 
In battle marching by the river side. 
And bending to the town.** They take th* alarm : 
Some tremble, some are bold, all in confusion aimi 
Th* impetuous youth press forward to the fiel 1 : 
They clash the sword, and clhttei^ On the shield : 
The fearful matrons raise a screaming cry ; 
Old feeble men with fainter groans reply : 
A iarring sound results, aiid mingles m the sky, 
Like that of swans remurm*ring to the floods, 
Or birds of diff*i1ng kinds in hollow woods. 
Turnus th' occasion takes, and cries aloud: 
•• Talk on, ye quairtt haranguers of the fcrowd: 
Declaim in praise of peace, when danger calls. 
And the fierce foftsin arms approach the walls.** 
He said, and, turning short with speedy pace, 
Casts back a scorn fid glance, and quits the place. 

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*< Thou, Volusus, the Volscian troops command 

To mount ; and lead thyself our Ardean band. 
Messapus, and CaiiUus, posi your force 
Along the fields, to charge the Trojan horse. 
Some guard the passes ; others man the wall ; 
Drawn up in arms, the rest attend my call." 

They swarm from evVy quarter of the town, 
.\rjd with disordered haste the rarnpires crown. 
(jood old Latinus, when he saw, too late, -"- 

The gath'ring storm just breaking on the state. 
Dismissed the council till a fitter time. 
And owa'd his easy temper as his crime, " ' 

Who, forc'd against his reason, had complied - Jil'''' 
To break the treaty for the promisM bride. ' ''• '' 
Some help to sink new trenches; others aid ''J^ ' 
To ram the stones, or raise the palisade. « - ■ 

Hoarse trumpets sound th' alarm: around the wults 
Runs a distracted crew, whom their last labour calls. 
A sad procession in the streets is seen, 
Of matrons that attend the mother-queen 
High in her chair she sits, and, at her side, -'''.uu ; 
With down-cast eyes appears the faiai bride. ' 
They mount the cliff, where Fallas' temple stands; 
PrayVs in their mouths, and presents in their hands 
With censers, first they fume the sacred shrine, 
Then in this common supplication join: 
" O pa :oness of arms ! unspotted maid ! 
Propitious hear, and lend thy Latidns aid ! 
Break short the pirate'? lance : pionounce his fiite • 
And lay the Phrygian low befom the gate." ' 

Now Tumus arms for fight. His back and breast 
Well-tempei^d steel and scaly %bras9 invest; 
The cuishes, which his brawny thighs infold, 
Are mingled n1etal,damask'd o'er with gold. 
His faithful falchioiisits upon his side; 
Nor casque, nor crest, his manly fbktiires hide : 
But, bare to vieW, amid surrounding friends. 
Witli godlike grace, he from the tow'r descends. 

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^14 AHUlfi. 

Exirititig IB his 8tr8jf)stb,he isea» ta dare 
His absent (ival, ana to pronoise war. 

Freed from his keepers, t^us, wiili hroken. reint, 
The wanton courser prances o'er the plains, 
Or in ilic pride of youth o'erieaps the bounds, 
And snuffs the females in forbidden groundsj 
Or seeks his watering in tlie well-known flood,. 
To quench liis thirsl, and cool his fiery blood :, 
He swims luxuriant in the liquid plain, 
And o'er his shoulder flows his waving nrtane : 
He neighs, he snorts, he bears his head on high ; 
Before his ample chest the frothy waters fly. 

Soon as the prince appears wilI)out the gate, " 
The Volscians, and their virgin leader, wait 
His last commands. Then, with a graceful mi^fl^ 
Ligliis from lier lofty steed tlie warrior queen : 
Her squadron imitates, and each descends; 
Whose cnnv"ion suit Cam Ilia thus conunendg! 
" If tense Oa honour, if a ^ul secure 
Of inborn worth that can all tests endi^* 
Can promis-e aught, or (ui itself rely, . .,\1 .,^ y_., 
Greatly to dare, to conquer or to die : ''^ []^^ 
Then, I alone, sustain'd by these, will meet '* 
The Tyrrhene troops, and promise their defeat. 
Ours be the danger, ours the sole renown : 
You, gen'ral, stay behind, and guard the town." 
Turnus a while stood mute witli glad surprise. 
And on the fierce virago fix'd his eyes, ^ ^ ^ 
Then thus returned: " O grace of Italy; , .^ ^'^^^ 
With what becoming thanks can I reply rt', ,' ■.'" 
Not only words lie laboring in my breast.: 
But thought itself is by thy praise oppressed. 
Vet rob me not of all ; but let me join 
My toils, my hazar^J, and my fame, with thine. 
The Trojan, not in stratagem unskiU'd, 
Sends his lii'lii \><n-^^] LcinVc to -ruiir the field' 
Himself, tin sutp a^c .. - nnd thorny bra^Mt 

A larger cqinpass to the city take.8. 

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This news my scouts confirm : and 1 prepai* T .. t w 
To foil his cunning, and his Ibrce to dare; ' , ^[ ^* 
With ctiosen foot iiis passage to forelay, ' .'•* 

And place an ambush in tiie winding way. 
Thou, with thy Volseiaus, face the Tuscan horse: 
The brave Messapus shall liiy troops enlbrec 
With those of Tjbtir, and the Latian band, *'' 

Siibjecled ail to thy supreme command '■ 

This said, he wanis Messapus to the war, , ,'. 

Then cv'ry chief exhorts with equal care. , , 

Ail thus encourag'd, his own troops he join^ ,''1 Ci 
And hastes to prosecute his deep designs. ^^^''^; ifi 

Inclos'd with bills a winding valley lies, ' ' ^ 
By nature forin'd for fraud, and fitted for surprise ",, 
A narrow track, by luunan steps untrod. 
Leads, thro* perplexing thorns, to this obscure al)ocIe* 
Higli o'er the vale, a sleepy mountain stands, 
Whence tiie surveying sight the nether ground com 

The top is lev«l — an offensive seat 
Of war ; and from the war a safe retreat ; 
For, on the right arid le(^, is room to press "^^ 
The foes at hand, or from afar distress ; 
To drive them headlong tlownward ; and to pour^ 
On their descending backs, a stony showV. 
Thither young Titmns took the well-known way 
Possese'd the pass, and in blind ambush lay. 

Meantin^e, La ton i an Fhoebe, from the skies. 
Beheld th' approaching war vi'ith hateful eyes, 
And caird the ligbt- foot Opis to her aid, 
Her most beloved and ever-trusly maid ; 
Then witb a sigh began: "Camilla goes 
To meet her death amidst her fatal foes— ''' 
The nympb I lov'd of all my mortal titJilTt ^ " ^.' 
invested with Diana-'s arms in vam. 
Nor is my kindnekse fol< ttw^ Ttr&n rttw : 
Twas born with her ; ftHd witli her years it gi«w 

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216 £N£IS. 

Her father Metabup, when forc'd away 
From old t^rivernum, for tyrannic sway, 

Siialclt'd up, and savM from his pivv ailing foe«. 
Tins tender babe, cojnpanioii of iiis woes. 
(•aainiUa was her mother: but he drown'd. 
One hissing letter in a softer sound, 
And caiPd Camilla. Through the woods he flies; . 
VVrapp'd in his robe,the royal infant lies. 
iis ibes in sjght, he mends his weary pace ; 
With shouts and clamours they pursue the cbaie. 
The hanks ot Amasene at length he gains: 
T'hj^ ragmg flood his further flight restrains, 
Rais (I o'er the borders with unusual rains. . 
Prepared to phmge into the stream, he fearsy 
Not for himself, but for the charge he bears. 
Anxious, be stops a while, and thinks in haste, 
Then, desp'rate in distress, resolves at last 
A knotty lance of well bod'd oak he bore: ■.•■ 
The middle part with cork he cover'd o'er; 
He clos'd the child withm the hollow space; 
With twigs of bending osier bound the case. 
Then pois'd the spear, heavy wyth human weight, . 
And thus invoked my favour for the freight: 
* Accept, great goddess of the woods, (he said) 
Sent by her sire» this dedicated maid I 
Through air she flies, a suppliant to thy shrine ; 
And the first weapons jthat she knows/ are thine' 
He said ; and with full force the spear he threw i 
Above the sounding waves Camilla flew. 
Then, pressed by toes, he stemm'd the stormy tide. 
And gain'd, by Stress of arms, the farther side. 
}lis fasten'd spear he pulPd from out the ground^ 
And, victor oi his vows, his in (ant n>mph unbound* 
Nor, aiter that, in towns which walls inclost, , ■ 
• Would trust his hunted life amidst his foes; : 
But, rough, in open air be cbose to lie : 
Earth was his couch ; his covering was the sky. 

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£N£I3. 217 

On hills unshorn, or in a desert den, ^ 

He shunn'd the dire society of men 

A shepherd *s solitary life he led : . 

His daughter with the milk of mares he fed. 

The dugs of bears, and ev^ry savnge beast, 

He drew, and through her lips the liquor press*a. 

The little Amazon could scarcely go — 

He loads her with a quiver and a bow ; 

And, that she might her stasgVing steps command, 

rle with a slender jav*lin fills her hand, 

Her flowing hair no golden fillet bound ; ,* 

Nor swept her trailing robe the dusty ground. '' "^''* 

Instead of these, a tiger^s hide overspread 

Her back and shoulders, fasten'd to her head. , 

The flying dart she first attempts to fling, 

And round her tender temples toss*d the sling; 

Then, as her strength with years increased, began 

To pierce aloft in air the soaring swan. 

Ana from the clouds to fetch the heron and the crane. 

The Tuscan matrons with each other vied 

To bless their rival sons with such a bride r 

But she disdains their love, to share with me \ 

The sylvan shades, and vow'd rii^inity. 

And, oh I I wish, contented wito my cares '*»'', 

Of savage spoils, she had not sought the warrf:"'"^''^ 

Then had she been of my celestial train, 

And shunn'd the fate that dooms her to be slain. 

But since, opposing heaven's decree, she goes ' 

To find her death among forbidden fojs, 

Haste with these arms, and take thy sieepy ffigtil. 

Where with the gods averse, the Latians fight, • 

This bow to thee, this quiver, I bequeath, ''''•* '• 

This chosen arrow to revenge her death : , ' 

By whatever hand Camilla shall be slain, 

Or of the Trojan or Italian train, - '" 

Let him not pass unpunished from the plain. ' ' ", 

Then, in a hollow cloud, myself will aid * ' ■' * 

To bear the breathless body'of my maid. 

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9X9- £NR1&. 

UiispoirH shall be hejr ftrms, and uaproij^jUti 

Her holy limbs with auv huraaji bandt 

And in a marble tomb laid in b«r native land.** 

She said. The faiiblul nyinpb descends (mm hi^h 
X'^th rapid flight, and cuts the smmding sky: 
Black dmuls and stoauy winds around her opdy ^ 

By this, the Trojan and the Tuscaq hotfifif^ . 
Drawn up in squadrons, with united force 
Approach the walls: the sprightly coursers bouuff, 
Press forward on their bits, and shiA their grpund, 
Shields, arms, and spears, flash horribly from fai-; 
And the fields glitter with a waving war. 
Oppos'd to these, come on with furious force ' . 

Messapus, Coras, and the Latian horse ; 
These in a body plac'd on either hand 
Sustained and clos'd by fair Camilla's band, ,. , 
Advancing in a line^ they couch their spears ;, ,,. ^ , 
And less and less the middle space appear^s. ,, * , 
Thick smoke obscures the field, and scarce ar^ i^^if 
The neighing coursers, and the shouting men. 
In distance of their darts they stop their course; 
Then man to man they rush, and liorse to horse. 
The face of heav'n their flying jav'lins hide ; 
And deaths unseen are djeali on either side. ^ . j., 
Tyrrhenus, and Aconteuii, void of fear, .'n.v/t 
By mettled coursers borne in full career, ,'^,^ „^., 

Meet first oppos'd ; and, with a mighty shock,,^,,!, v ' 
Their horses' heads against each other knock. „ ,^..^ |. • 
Far from his steed is fierce Ac on tens cast, ,^ .^^jj 
As with an engine's force, or lightning's bla^t:,^^, ^, 
Tie rolls along in blood, and breathes his lasL. ,, ' 
The Latin squadron take a sudden fright, 
A nd sling their shields behind, to gave theijr backs, iir 

Spoiring at speed, to their own walls they dlrpw ^ • 
CMose in the rear the Tuscan tjroops pucsifiQ, . 
And urge their flighl: Asylas leads the chase ; 
till, seizM widi tihaine, they wheel about ajjudtj^^A, 

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Receive their foes, and raise a threatening cry^ ^^j^ ^r 
The Tuscans take their turn to fear and fly. ^^^.^"^ ^^■ 

So swelling surges with a ihund'rittg^roar^ , ^--^ ^^'. 
Driv'n on each oihef s backs, insult the sl]Dr9,p;y,v^ .^^^^, 
Bound o'er the rocks, encroach upon the latid* ^'y 
And far upon the beach eject the sand; ^'^j 

Then backward, with a swing, they take their way 
RepulsM from vpper ground, and seek their mother- sea 
With equal hurry quit th' invaded shore, 
And swallow back the sand and stones they 9|:^Wwd 

before. ..ii^ f/n 

Twice were the Tuscans masters of the field*^* ;.,::' 
Twice by the Latins, in return repell'd. j,- ,^,| ,. 

AshaniM at length, to the third charge they raA-^,",-.^., 
Both hosts resolvM, and mingled man to man. .^.|v ■ 
Now dying groans are heard ; the fields ar^ straw'd:.^,^ 
With falling bodies, and are drunk with blood. 
Arms, horses, men, on heaps together lie: '.,,, ,in i, 
Confus'd the fight, and more confused t-heery^ij.f-f^'.^g] 
Orsilochus, who durst not press too near .,^r^ ..~^l 
Strong Remul us at distance diove his spear^ \^j^ ^jjjy, 
And struck the steel beneath his horse's ear^ ,Vt mf// 
The fiery steed, impatient of the wound, { '„■. 

Curvets, and, springing upwards with a bound* _ ,♦' 
His helpless lord, cast backward on the ground* f';v 
Catillus pierc'd lolas first ; then drew iAta...ff ," 

His reeking lance, and at Herminius threw, , ,,; s'lj.t^.! 
The mighty champion of the Tuscan crew.. .-^i' 

His neck and throat unarni'd, his head was bate,, ,ff 
But shaded with a length of yellow hair : i > ■ 

Secure, he fought, expos'd on ev'r}' part, . ail ' 

A spacious mark for swords, and for the flying darti, .^ . 
Across the shoulders came the feather'd wound ; 
Transfixed, he fell, and doubled to tiie ground - 

The sands with streaming blood are sanguine tly'd 
And death, with honour sought on either sidje,, , , , 

Resistless, through the war Camilla rode, , ^^^-j i^j, . 
In danger unappallM, and pleas'd with blood. 

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One side was bare for her exerted bi«asl', 
One shoulder with her painted quiver pressed. 
Now from aftir her fatal jav*lins play : 
Kow with her ax's edge she hews her t^ay 
Diana's arms upon her shoulder sound ; • 

And when too closely pressM, she quits the ground, 
From her bent bow she sends a backward woun4> 
Her maids, in martial pomp, on either side, 
Larina, TuUa, fierce Tarpeia, ride — 
Italians all— in peace, theif queen's delight^ 
In war, the bold companions of the fight. 

So march'd the'Thracian Amazons of old. 
When Thermodon with bloody billows roird ; ■ 
Such troops as these in shining arms were seen, 
When Theseus met in fight their maiden queen : 
Such to the field Penlhesilea led, 
From tlie fierce virgin when the Grecians fled ; 
With such return*cf triumphant from the war. 
Her maids with cries attend the lofty car ; 
They clash wilh manly force theh- moony shields ; 
With female shouts resound the Phrygian fields. 

Who foremost, and who last, heroic niaid. 
On the cold eailh were by thy courage laid? 
Thy spear, of inountain-ash, Eumenius firs^ 
With fury driv-n,from side to side tran^^pierc'dt ;' ' 
A purple stream came spouting from the wound ; 
Bath'd in his blood he lies, and bites the ground. 
Liris and Pagasus at once she slew : 
The former, as the slacken'd reins he drew, ' 
Of his faint steed— llie latter, as he stretch'd 
His arm to prop his friend — the jav'lin reach'd. ' 
By the same weapon, sent from the same hatid, 
Both fall together, and both spurn tlie sand. 
Amastrus next is added to the slain ; 
The rest in rout she follows o'er the plain : 
Tereus, Harpalycus, Dempphoon 
And Chromis, at full speed her fury shun. 

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£NEIS. 2^1 

Of all ber beauty*s darts, not one she lost ; 

Kach was attended with a Trojan ghost. '' ' ' ' ' ":• 

Voung Oniytus bestrode a hunter steed, ''*''' '*** *^ **^l 
Swift for the chase, and of Apulian breed. ''*' " .. 

Him, from afar, she spied in arms unknown : /' *'" ^. 
O'er his broad back an ox*s hide was thrown ; ' 
His hehn a wolf, whose gaping jaws were spread 
A cov'ring for his cheeks, and grinn'd around his nead. 
He clencird within his hand an non prong, ^ ^ 

And towVd above the rest, conspicuous in the throng,' . 
Him soon she singled from the flying train, ". 

Ami slew with ease ; then thus insults the slain : 
" Vain hui\ter ! didst thou think through woods to chasie 
The savage herd, a vile and trembling race ?, ^ 
Here cease thy vaunts, and nwn my victory: . J ','!', '?*| *. 
A woman warrior was loo strong for thee. '^^ ' * . .; 

Yet, if the ghosts demand theconqu'ror^s nam^i^ "f J*^ ^^ 
Confessing great Camilla, sa\e thy shame." '^'*^^' ' . ^, 
Then Butes and Orsilochus she slew, .^' ., t\ 

The bulkiest bodies of the Trojan crev^r— * j Vrr 

But Butes breast to breast: tlie spear descendi*^ •'■';J ' 
Above the gorget, where his helmeiends, ' ' . ' *''/j 
And o'er the sliield which his left side defends. '^J^ "'' ^ 
Orsilochus, and she, their coursers ply ; ^{^' « 

He seems to foUovv, and she seems to fly. ! , / .lif 

But in a narrower ring she makes the race ; '' '.'^ *' ' 
And then he flies, ftnd she pursues the chase. •''^' *'"^ 
Gath'ring at length on her deluded foe, lm»v » 

She swings her ax, and rises to the blow: " • ■ ,, 
Full on the helm behind, with such a sway ';"\ J*^' i 
The weapon falls, the riven steel gives \Vay : '[^^'* ''^ 
He groans, he roars, lie sues in vain for grace ; ' ''• 
Brains, (oingled with his blood, besmear his fatie. ^'' ' ^^ 
Astonish'd Aunus just arrives by chance, .'"' ' "' ., 

To see his fall, nor furtliur dares advance ; •,•])/- 
But, fixing on the horrid maid his eye, '^^'^^ "_ ", 

He stares, and .shakes, and finds it vain to fly j "'*'"' " ; 

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Tet, Iik« a true Liguriaii, bora to cheat, 

(At least while Fortune favx>ur'd his deceit) 

Cries out aloud, " What courage have you sho\\ n, 

Who trust your courser's streii^tb, and not your ovru f 

Forego the Vantage of your horse ^ alight \ 

And then on equal terms begin the fight: 

It shall be seen, weak woman, what you can* 

Wlien, foot to fpot, you combat with a man.*^ 

He said. She glows with atigpr a;i(i rli:=.fla'ii, 

Dismounts witli speed to dare hhu on the plain. 

And leaves her horse at large among her train ; 

With her drawn sword defies him to the field, 

And, marching, lifts aloft her maiden shield. 

The youth, who thought his cunning did succee^. 

Reins round his horse, and urges all his speed, 

Adds the remembrance of the spur, and hides 

The goring rowels in his bleeding sides. 

" Vain fool, and coward !" said the lofty maid, 

" Caught in the train, which thou thyself hast lai('l .' 

On others practise thy Ligurian arts: 

Thin stratagems, and tricks of little hearts, 

Are lost on me: nor shak tliou safe retire, 

With vaunting lies to thy fallacious sire." 

At this, so fast her flying feet she sped, 
That soon she strained beyond his horse's head : 
Then turning short, at once she seiz'd the rein, 
And laid the boaster grovTmg on the4)lain. 
Not with more ease the falcon from above, 
7'-"isses, in middle air, the trembling dove, 
Then plumes the prey, in her strong pounces bound- 
The feathers, fouJ with blood, come tumbling to tlie 

Now mighty Jove, from his superior height. 
With his broad eye surveys th' unequal fight. 
He fires the breast of Tatchon with disdafn, 
And sends him to redeem tb* abandonM plam. 
Between the broken ranks the Tuscan rides. 
And these encourages, and those he chirles; 

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Recalls each leailet, by his tianfie, from flight ; 
Renews tlietr avdour, and i^stores the fight. 
»* What panie fear has Bei«*d yoiw «ouls ? O shame, 
A brand perpetual of tli' Etrurian name ! 
Cowards iiioi»«b)e i a Wonian^s hand 
Drives, breaks, and scatters your j« noble band l 
Now cast away the sword, and quit liie shield .' 
What use of weapons which you dare not wield? 
Not thus you fly your female foes by night. 
Nor shun the feast when the full bowls invitef ^^'V 
When to fat ottering? the glad augur calls, '^ '' *j" 
And the shrill horn-pipe sounds to bacchanals, 
'rhese are your studied caries, your le\vd delight — 
Swift to debauch, but slow lo manly fight." 
Thus liavingsaid, be spurs amid the foes, ' ''" 
Not managing the liie he meant to lose. ' *^**/.'^ 
The first he found, he seiz'd, with headlong haste^' ' 
In his strong gripe, and clasp'd around the waist: 
*Twas Venulus, whom from his horse he tore, 
And, (laid athwart his own,) in triumph bore. 
Loud shouts ensue: the Latins turn their eyes, 
And view the unusual sight with vast surprise. ^' 

The fiory Tarchon, flying o'er the plains, 
Fress'd in his arms, the pbnd'rous prey sustains, 
Then, with his shortened spear, explores around ' 
His jointed amis, to fix a deadly wound. '^ 

Nor less the captive struggles lor his life : . t 

HewritheH his body to prolong the strife, " '' 
And, fencmgfor his naked throat, exerts ; "* ' p' 
His utmost vigour, and the point averts. ' ."'.'^ '^ 
SoMtoops liie yellow eagle from on high, "^'^' . ' 
And bears a speckled serpent througli the sky, 
Fastening iiis cruokec! taluns on tlie prey : 
The pris'ner hisses through fi)e liquid way ; 
Resists the royal b6HK^ ; and^ though oppressed, 
iShe fights in vokitinig, amd erects her crest: 
Turn'd to her foe, she stiffens ev*ry st^ale, 
And shiots her forky tongue, and whisks herthreat'ni<( 

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S24 £NKI8. ' 

Against the victor, all de&noe is weak : 
Th' imperial bird still plies iier with hi» beak; 
He tears her bowels, and her breast be goNb, 
Then claps his pinions» and securely soarbi 

Thus, through the midst of ciroling OtiemieB, 
Strong Tarcboa snatchM and bore away bis priie. 
The Tyrrhene troops, that shrunk before,^now prosi 
The Latins, and presume the like suceaea. 

Then Aruns, doomed to death, bis arts essayed. 
To murder^ unespied, the Volscian maid : 
This way and that,his winding course he bends, 
And, wheresoever she turns, her steps attends, 
When she retires victorious from the chase, 
He wheels about with care, and shifts, his place : • i 
When, rushing on, she seeks her foes in ^ht, . --i ■ 
He keeps aloof, aiid keeps her still in sight: 
He tlureats and trembles, trying ev'ry way, 
Unseeif to kill, and safely to betray. 

Chloreus, the priest of Cytjele, from far, 
Glitt'ring in Phrygian arms amidst tlie war. 
Was by the virgin view'd. The steed he presa'-d . 
Was proud with trappings \ and his brawny chest 
With scales of gilded brass was cover'd o'er: 
A robe of Tyrian dye the rider wore. 
With deadly wounds he gall'd the distant iv^\ 
(xnossiati his shafts, and Lycian was his bow: 
A golden heltn his frotit and liead surrounds; 
A gilded quiver from his shoulder sounds. 
Gold weavM with linen, on his thighs he wore, 
With flow'rs of needle- work distiiiguish'd o'er, 
Witli golden buckles bound, and gather'd up before 
Him the fierce maid beheld with ardent eyes, 
Fond and ambitious of so rich a prize. 
Or ihat the temple might his trophies hold, 
Or else to shine herself in Trojan gold. 
Blind in her haste, she chases him alone. , . 

And seekfi his life, regardless of her own 

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iENEIS 2^25 

rins lucky moment ihe sly tailor chose ; "'""^ \ 

riien, starting from his ambush, up he rose, ' *"**" "''* 

And threw, but first to heav'n addressed his vows ; * 

" O patron of Soracte's high abodes ! 

PhrBbus, the ruling pow'r among the gods ! 

Whom first we serve ! whole woods of unctuous pine 

Kte ielVd for thee, and to thy glory shine ; 

By thee protected, witli our naked soles, 

Thro' flames unsingM we march, and tread the kin (fled 

coals. _. 

Give me, propitious pow't, to wash away. '. '^. '' ''. 
The stains of this dishonourable day : '^ , , .*' '*' ^^^ 
Nor s|)oils, nor triumph, from the fact I clanii • ' " *' ' 
But with my future actions trust my fame. '^'* 

Let mc, by stealth, this female plague o'erconw:,. "/ . 
And from the field return inglorious home." t " *^ 

Apollo heard, and, granting half his prayV, ' '' .^ . 
Shuflfted in winds the rest, and toss'd in empty^ajj"!'' \^-' 
He gives the death desir'cl : his safe return '". ^^* ^^ 
\y soutliern tempests to the seas is borne. ^'^^^^ ]^^. 
Now, when the]av*lin whizz'd aloug the skiei^i^'" . l 
l5oth armies on Camilla turn'd their eyes, ' f^ '^ 
Directed by the sound. Of either host, ' ,. ''^ 

Th' unhappy virgin, though concernM ^N "f*^'^*!!i^,'r* 
Was only deaf; so greecly was she bent ^ / 
On golden spoils, and on her prey intent; , ^ ;. ?|t ''^V 
Till in her pap the winged weapon stood ''' ^^ . 
Infix'd, and deeply drunk the purple Wood. TTV Ji 
Her sad attendants hasten to sustain >'tr-r' • 

Their dying lady drooping en the plain. ^^^^J*** ' 

flit from tiieir sight the trembling Aruns (lies. '" ,/ .^ 
With beating heart, and fear confusM witli joys ; \*' 
^or dares he further to pursue his blow. 
Or e*en to bear the sight of his expiring foe. ^ .' ^j, 

A*, wlien the wolf has torn a bullock's liid^'^^'J.j"^ ^ 
At unawares, or ranch'd a shepherd's side, ' , 

</Onscious of his audacious deed, he fljet., 
An I clapss his quivering tail between his tiiight: 

VOl^ II. I.T 

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336 JENEIS. 

So, speeding once, the wretch ao more attends. 

But, spurring forward, herds among his friends. 

She wrenched the jav'lin with her dying hands: 

But wedg*d within her breast the weapon standi: 

Tlie wo<k1 she draws, the steely point remains ; 

She staggers in her seat with agonizing pains ; 

(A eathring mist overclouds her cheerful eyes ; ^ 

And trom her cheeks the rosy colour flies) 

Then turns to her, whom, of her female train, 

She trusted most, and thus she speaks with pain^ 

** Acca *tis Mist ! he swims before my sight. 

Inexorable Death : and claims his right. 

Bear my last words to Turnus: fly with speed, 

And bid him timely to my charge succeed. 

Repel the Trojans, and the town relieve — 

Farewell ! and in this kiss my parting breath receive ^ 

She said, and, sliding, sunk upon the plain: 

Dying, her openM hand forsakes the rein ; 

Short and more short, she pants: by slow degrees 

Her mind the passage from her body hnees, 

She drops her sword ; she nods her plumy crest. 

Her drooping head declining on her breast: 

In the last sigh her struggling soul expires. 

And, munnVing with disdain* to Stygian sounds retires 

A shout, that struck the golden stars, ensu'd : 
Despair and rage, and langui3h*d fight renew ^d. 
The Trojan troops and Tuscan, in a line, 
Advance to charge; the mix*d Arcadians join. 

But Cynthia's maid, high seated, from aiar 
Surveys the field, and fortune of the war, 
Unmov'd a while, till, prostrate on t|ie plain, 
Weltering in blood, she s6es Cam ilk slain. 
And, round her corpse, of friends and foes a fighting 

Then, firom the bottom of her breast, she drew 
A mournful sigh,. and these sad words ensue: 
** Too dear a fine, ah, much lamented maid ! 
For warring with the Trojans, thou hast paid . 

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Nor aught availM, in this unhappy strile, 
Diana*8 sacred arms to save thy hfe. 
Yet unrevengM the goddess will not leaye 
Her votary's death, nor with vain aorcow griev<». 
Branded the wretch, and be- his name abhorr'd ; 
But after-ages shall thy praise record. 
Th^ inglorious coward soon shall press the {^in ; 
Thus vows thy queen, and thus the Fates ordain. 

High o^er the fia»d, theie stood a hilly mound-* 
Sacred the place, and spread wil^ oaks around — 
Where, in a marble to>nh« Peraeuws, lay, 
A king tliat once in Latium bore the sway. 
The beauteous Opit thither bent her Aight, 
To mark the traitor .Avunsfrom the he^jlu. 
Him in refulgent ar'ng she soon espied, 
Swoln with success ; and loudly thus she cried: 
, " Thy backward steps, vain boaster, are too late : 
Turn, like a man, at length, and meet thyjate. 
Charged with my massage to pajuUla go, 
And say [ sent thee v> -the shades below — 
An honour undeserv'd frqm Cynthia's bow." 

She said, and from Jier tiuiver chose with speed 
The winged shaft» predestia*dlar the deed \ 
Then to the; stubborn yew her strenjeth apj^ied 
Till the far distant bonn approached on either side. • 
The bow'Stciiig toucb*d her breast, so strong she drcw^ • 
Whizzing |p ,air the &tal arrow flew. 
At once the twanging bow anjd sounding dart 
The traitor beard, and felt the point within his heart 
Him, beating with his heels in pang^ oi death, 
His flying friends 4o foreign fields bequeath. 
The conquVing datfist^l, with, expanded wings. 
The welcome messaga to her mistress br'uif s. 

Their lead<?r lost) thQ VolsQians qujt the field \ 
And, unsust^in'd, the chiefs of Turnus yield. 
The frighted soldiers, when their captains flvi 
Mora on their spee^ than on their strength n^ly. 

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^28 JEfTEIS. 

ConfusM in flight, they bear each other down, 

And spur their horses headlong to the tow^n. 

Driv'n by their foes, and to their (fears resign'd, 

Not once they turn, but take their wounds l)ehind« 

These drop the shield, and those che lance forego, 

Or on their shoulders bear the siackenM bow. 

The hoofe of horses with a rattlii^ sottnd, 

Beat short and thick, and sHalce the rotten ground. 

Black clouds of dust come ra41iqg in the sky, 

And 6*er the darkenM walls and rampirss fly. 

The trembling matrons, from their lofty stands. 

Rend heav'n with female shrieks, and wring their handb. 

All pressing on, pursuers and pursued, 

Are crushM in crowds, a ming>ed multitude. 

Some happy few escape : the throng too late 

Rush on (or entrance, till they choke the gate. 

E*en in the sight of home, the wretched siro 

Looks on, and sees h» helpless son expire. ' 

Then, in a fright, the (biding gales th^y close, ' 

Rut laave their (tlends excluded with their foes. 

The vanquished cry ; the victors loudly shoot: 

*Tis terror all within, and slaughter all without. 

Blind in their fear, they bounce against the wall. 

Or, to the moats pursued, precipitate their fall. 

The Latian virgins, valiant with despair, 
ArmM on the tow'rs, the common danger share: 
So much of zeal their country's Cause inspired: 
So much Camilla's great example fir'd. 
Poles, sharpen'd in the flaines, from high they throw, 
With iniitated darts to gall the foe. 
Their lives, for godlike freedom they bequeath. 
And crowd each other to be (irst in death. 
Meantime to Turnus ambush'd in the shade, ' 
With heavy tidings came th' unhappy maid : 
" The Volscians overthrown— Camilla kill'd— 
The foes, entirely masters of the field, 
Like a resistless flood, come «r>llirtp on : 
The cry goes off the plain., and thickens to the tow*i." 


InflainM with rage, (for to the Furies fire 
The Daunian^s breast, and so ttie Fates require) 
He leaves the hilly pass, the woods in vain 
PossessM, and downward tstues on the plaun. 
Scarce was he gone, when to the straits, now fireed 
From secret foes, the Trajan troops succeed. 
Through the black forest and tlie ferny brake. 
Unknowingly secure, their way they take. 
From the rough mountains to the plain descend. 
And there, in order drawn, their line extend. 
Both armies now in ojpep Mds are seen.; 
Nor for the distance ot the «pace between. 
Both to the city bend, ^neas seeSf 
Through smoking fields, his hast*nii^ enemiei^ 
And Turnus views the Tjrojans i^ array. 
And hears the approaching horses proudly neigh. 
Soon had their hosts in bloody battle joinM ; 
But westward to the sea the sun declinM. 
IntrenchM before the town both armies lie, 
WhiU uight with sable wings involves the Af» 

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^. .1 «1 h5 ^bf»kwi l>r th« Rtatuk, wbo wound ^n«a«, 
and cop«»iid«» iHe pow V»^U bw death. 

When Tumus saw the Latins leave the fiel<S 
Their armies, broken, and their courage queU d, 
Himself become the mark of public spite, 
His honoilr questionM for the promis d tight- 
The more he was with vulgar hate oppress d 
The more his fury boilM withm his breast: 
He rous'd his vigour for the last debate, raisM his haughty sf^V^K^^iAn r^L, 
As, when the swains tiie Libyan li6n chase, 
H« makes a sour retreat, nor mends his pace ; 
Bat, if the pointed jav'lin pierce his side, 
Tjw lordly beast returns with double pride . 
HiTwrenche^out the steel ; he rpa« for pain ; 
His sides he lashes, and erects his mane : 
So Turnus fares : his «yf '^f l^^^? f^^^.^^^^^^^ 
Throueh his wide nostrils clouds of smoke expire. 
SbC with rage, around the court he ran, 


»* No more excuses or delays: I stand 

In arms prepared to combat, hand to hmid. 

This base deserter of his native land. 

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M.NFAS. 931 

The Trojan, by his word, is bound to take 
Tho same conditions wiiich liiraself did make. 
Renew the truce *, the solemn rites prepare* 
And to my single virtue trust the war. 
The Latiai^s unconcemM shall see Uie fight i 
lliis arm unaided shall assert your right : 
Then, if my prostrate body press the plain. 
To hiin the crown and beauteous bride remain.** 
To whom the king sedately thus replied; 
" Brave youth ! the more your valour has been Uiul, 
The more becomes it us, with due respect 
To weigh the- chance of war, which you negjlect. 
You want not wealth, or a successive throne. 
Or cities which your arms have made your own;, . . , 
My towns and treasures are at your command -^ 
And stored with blooming beauties is my land: 
Laurentum more than one Lavinia sees, 
Unmarried, fair, of noble families. 
Now let me speak, and you with patience hear, 
Things which perhaps may grate a lover*8 ear, 
But sou^d advice, proceeding from a heart 
Sincerely yours, and free froui fraudful art 
The gods, by signs have manifestly shown. 
No prince, Italian boro, shall heir my throne : 
Oft have oor augurs, in prediction skillM. 
And oft our priests, a foreign son reveaPd. 
Yet, won by worth that cannot be withstood, 
Bribed by my kindness to my kindred blood, 
Urg*d by my wife, who would not be denied, 
• 1 promised my Lavuiia for your bride : 
Her firom ber plighted loid by force I took : 
All ties Qif treaties, and o£ honour , broke : ' 
On your account I wagM an impious war— 
With what success, ^tis needless to dcxlare ; 
I and my snbjects feel ; and you have had your share. 
Twice vanquished while in bloody fields we strive 
Scarce in our walls, we keep our hopes alive.* 

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Tlie rolling flood runs warm with human sore ; 
The bones of Latians blanch the neighb'mig sliore. 
Why put I not an end to this debate, 
Still unresolved, and still a slave to fate? 
If Tumus* death a lasting peace can give. 
Why should I not procure it whilst you live? 
Should I to doubtful arms your youth betray, 
What would my kinsmen, the Rutulians, say ? 
And should you fall in fi^ht, (which heaven defend !) 
How curse the cause, which nastenM to his end 
Th^ daughter's lover, and the Other's friend ? 
Weigh in your mind the various chance of war : 
Pitv your parent's age, and ease his care.** 

Such balmy words he pour'd, but all in vain : 
The profTerM med'cine but provokM the pain, 
The wrathful youth, disdaining the relief. 
With intermitting sobs thus vents his grief: 
" The care, O best of fathers ! which you take 
For my concerns, at my desire forsake. 
Pennit me not to languish out my days, 
But make the best exchange of life for praise ; 
This arm, this lance, can well dispute the prb.e; 
And tiie blood follows, where the weapon flies. 
His goddess-mother is not near, to shroud 
The flying coward with an empty cloud.** 

But now the queen, who fear*d for Tumus' life, 
And loath*d the hard conditions of the strife, 
Held him by force ; and, dying in his death, 
In these sad accents gave her sorrow breath t 
" O Turnus ! I adjure thee by ^hese tears. 
And whate*er price Amata's honour bears 
Within thy breast, since thou art all my hope, 
My sickly mind's repose, my sink'mg age's prof>— 
Since on the safety of thy life alone 
Depends Latinos, and the Latian throne- 
Refuse me not this one, this only pray'r, 
To wave the combat, and pursue the war. 

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Whatever chaiice attends this fatal strife, 
Think it includes, in thine, Amata*s life. 
I cannot live a slave, or see my throne 
Usurped by strangers, or a Trojan son." 

At this, a flood of tears Lavinia shed 5 
A crimson blush her beauteous face o'erspreart. 
Varying lier cheeks by turns with white and red, 
Tlie driving colours, never at a stay, 
Run here and there, and flush, and fade away. 
Delightful change! thus Indian IvVy shows. 
Which with the bordering paint of purple glov/s ; 
Or lilies darnask'd by the neighbVing rose. 
Th« lover gaz'd, and, burning with desire, 
Tlie more he look'd, the more he fed the fire: 
Revenge, and jealous rage, and secret spite, 
Roll in his breast, and rouse him to the fight 

Tlien fixing on the queen his ardent eyes, *" 
Firm to his first intent, he thus replies: " ' • 

'Oh mother ! do not by your tears prepare 
Such boding omens, and prejudge the war, 
Kesolv*d on fight, I am no longer free 
To sliun my death, if heav*n my death decree** 
Then turning to the herald, thus pursues: 
** Go, greet the Trojan with ungrateful news: 
Denounce from me, that, when to-morrow*s light 
Shall gild the heavens, he need not urge the fi^ht: 
The Trojan and Rutulian troops no more 
Shall dye, with mutual blood, we Latian shore : 
Our single swords the quarrel shall decide ; 
And to the victor be the beauteous bride.** 

He said, and, striding on with speedy pace. 
He sought his coursers of the Thracian race. 
At his approach, they toss their heads on high. 
And, proudly neighing, promise victory, 
The sires of these Orithyia sent from far, 
To grace Pilumnus, when he went to war. 
The drifts of Thracian snows where scarce so white, * 
Nor northern winds in Aeetne&s matchM their flight 

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w i 

t34 j>:k£is. 

Officious grooms stand rea<1y by his side ; J 

And some witli combs their flowing man^s divide, 1 

And others stroke their chests, and gently soothe 
tlieir pride. 

He sheathed his limbs in arms; a teniper*d mass 
Of golden metal those, and mountain-brass. 
Then to his head his dittVjng helm he tied. 
And girt bis faithful ralchiota to his side. 
In his i£tna}an forge, the God of Fire 
That falchion laboured for the heroes sire, 
Immortal keenness on the blade bestowed. 
And plungM it hissing in the Stygian flood. 
Propped on a pillar, which the ceiling bore, 
Was placM the lance Auruncan Actor wore ; 
Which with such force he brandished in his hand. 
The tough ash trembled like an osier wand : 
Then cried, ** O ponderous spoil of Actor slain, 
And never yet by Tumus toss*d in vain I 
Fail not this day thy wonted force : but go. 
Sent by this liand^ to pierce the Tr(^an foe s 
Give me to tear his corslet from his breast. 
And from that euhuch head to rend the crest; 
DraggM in the dust, his frizzled hair to soil, \ 

Hotlfirom the vexing ir'n, and smear'd with fragrant mV* 

Thus while he raves, from his wide nostrils flies 
A fiery steam, and sparkles from his eyes. 
So fares the bull in his lov*d female's sight. 
Proudly he belbws, and preludes the fight; 
He tries his goring horns against a ti-ee. 
And meditates big absent enemy ; 
He pushes at the winds ; he digs the strand 
With his black hoofs, and spurns the yellow sand, 
Nor lessthe Thyan, in his Lemnlan arms. 
To future fight his manly courage warms: / 

He whets his fury, and with joy prepares J 

To terminate at once the lingering wars ; i^ 

'J'o cheer liis chiets and tender son, relates ^^ 

What heav*n hSad pwmis'd, and expounds the fates^ 

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Then W the Latian king He send^, id cftsso 
The rage 6f arms, and ratSfy the peace. 

The morn ensuing, from the mountain's heishl« 
Had scarcely spread the skies with rosy heiil; 
Th' etherial coursers, bounding from the sea. 
From out their flaming nostrils breathM tlie d%y i 
When now the Trojan^and Rutulian e^uajnl. 
In friendly labour joinM, the list jpfreparu. 
Beneath the walls, they measure out the ^ipwvu , 
Then sacred aliirs rear, on sods ot grass, 
Where with' religious rites, their cbmmon ippr»i» 

they place. 
In purest white, the priests their heads litt<>«e. 
And living waters bear; and holy ht«* : 
And oVr their Hnen hoods and shaded haw. 
Long twisted wreaths of sacred vervaiti we»f; 

In order issuing from the town, appeaib 
The Latin legion, arm'd with pointed sdchwj: 
And from the ftelds,^ advancing on a line. 
The Trojan and the Tu«;an forces torn : 
Their various arms afford a pleasing sight : 
A peaceful train they seem, in peace prepared ibr figlii 
> Betwixt the ranks the proud comnianders ride, 

I Glitfring with gold, and vests in puqile ditd-— 

Here Mnestheus, ditthor of the Memmian iiiin. 
And there Messapus, born of seed divme. 
The sign is giv'n ; and, round the listed spai>;. 
Each man in ordc^r fills his proper place. 
Reclining on th^ii^ amole shields, tnev stand. 
And fix their pointed lances in the sand. 
Now, studious of the sight, a num'rous throit|( 
Of eith^ sex *promiscuous, old and young, 
Swarm from the town : by those who rest behind. 
The gates and walls, ,and houses' tops, are lin' J. 
\ • Meantime the queen of heav'n beheld the siRnt 

/' With eyes unpleas'd, irotii mount Albano's bei^^ll : 

/ (Since call'd Albano by succeeding Jame. 

But then an empty hill, without a imn*ei 

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236 JENEIS. 

She thence surveyM the field, tlie Trojan pow*n, 

The Latian squaaronsi and Laurentine towers., 

Then thus the goddess of the skies bespake, 

With sighs and tears, the goddess of the lake ; 

King Turnus* sister, once a lovely maid. 

Ere to the lust of lawless Jove betray'd — 

CompressM by force, but, by the grateful god, 

Now inacle the NaTs of the neighb'ring flood. 

** O nymph, the prid^ of living lakes! (said she) 

O most renownM, and most belovM by ine ! 

Long hast thou kt^own,nor need 1 to record. 

The wanton sallies of my wand'ring lord. 

W ev'ry Latian, whom Jove misled 

To mount by stealtli mv violated bed, 

To thee alone I grudgM not his embrace, > 

But gave a part of heaven, and' an uneuvied pit* 

Now learn from me thy near approaching grief. 

Nor think my wishes want to tny relief. 

While Fortune favourM, nor heavVs king denied 

To lend my succour to the Latian side, 

( &av*d thy brother, and the sinking state : 

But now he struggles with unequalfate, 

And goes, with gods averse, o*ermatchM in might, 

To meet inevitable death in iight ; 

Nor must I break the truce, i^or can sustam the 

Thou, if thou dar^st, thy present aid supply: 
It well becomes a sister^s care to try.** 

At this the lovely nymph, with grief oppressed, 
Thrice tore her hair, and beat her comely breasL 
To whom Satu*nia thus : " Thy tears are late : 
Haste, snatch him, if he can be snatchM from fiue : 
New tumults kindle; violate the truce: 
Who knows what changeful Fortune may produce 
*Tis not a crime t* attempt what 1 decree; 
Or, if it were, discharge tne crime on me.*' 
She said, and, sailing on the winged wind. 
Left the sad nymph suspended in her mind. 

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And now in pomp the peaceful kings appear: 
Four steeds the chariot of Latinus bear: 
Twelve golden beams around his temples play. 
To mark his lineage from the god of nay. 
Two snowy coursers Turnus' chariot yoke, 
And in his band two massy spears he shook: 
Then issuM from the camp in arms divine, 
^neas, author of the Roman line ; 
And by his side Ascanius took his place. 
The second hope of Rome's immortal race. 
Adom*d in white, a reverend priest appears, 
And, offerings to the flaming altars bears— 
A porket, and a lamb that never suflfer^d shears. 
Then to the rising sun he turns his eyes, 
And strews the beasts design'd for sacrifice. 
With salt and meal: with like officious care 
He marks their foreheads, and he clips their hair. 
Betwixt their horns the purple wine he sheds, 
With the same generous j/'jce the flame he feeds. 
iEneas then unshelthM his shining sword. 
And thus with pious pray'rs the gods adorM: 
** All-seeing sun ! and thou, Ausonian soil. 
For which I have sustained so long a toil ; 
Thou, king of heav'n ! and thou, the queen of air, 
Propitious now, and reconcil'd by pray'r ! 
Thou, god of war, whose unresisted sway 
The laboum and events of anns obey ! 
Ye living fountains, and ye runnmg floods ! 
All powers of ocean, all etherial gods ! 
Hear, and bear record : if 1 fall in field. 
Or, recreant in the fight, to Turnus yield, 
My Trojans shall increase Evander's town ; ^ 
Ascanius shall renounce th* Ausonian crown : 
All claims, all questions of debate shall cease 
Nor he, nor they, with force infrin|e the peace. 
But, if my juster arms prevail in fight, 
(As sure tliev shall, if I divine ar»ght> ■ 

> Digitized by Google 


!1'^ iKNtlS. 

My Trojans shall not o'er th' Italians reign : 

Both e(jual, both unconqucrM, shall remain, 

Joined in their laws, their lands, and their abodes; 

I tisk but altars for my weary gods. 

The care of those religious rites be mine : 

The crown to king Latin us I resign : 

His be the sov'reigo sway. Nor will 1 share 

His pow'r in peace, or his command in war. 

For me, my frier^ds another town shall frame, 

And blesc the rising tow*rs with fair Lavinia's name.** 

Thus he. Then with erected eyes and hands, 
The Latian king before his altar s:tands. 
*• By the same heav'n, (said he) and earth and main. 
And all the powers that all the three contain ; 
By hell below, and by that upper god, 
Whose thunder signs the peace, who seals it with bit 

nod ; . 
So let Latonia*s double offspring hear. 
And double-fronted Janus, what I swear: 
I touch the sacred altars, touch the flames, 
And all those powers attest, and all theli names: 
Whatever chance befall on either side. 
No tenn of time this union shall divide: 
No force, no fortune, shall rpy vows unbind. 
Or shake the stedtast tenor ol my mind ; 
Not tho' the circling seas should break their bound, 
Ccrflow the shores, or sa|) the solid ground ; 
Not tho* the lamps of heav'n their spheres forsake, 
Hurl'd down, and hissing in the nether lake: 
E'en as tiiis rovil sceptre (for he bore 
A sceptre in his hnnd) shall never more 
Shoot out in branches, or renew the birth — 
An orphan now, cut from the mother-earth. 
By the keen axe, dishonour'd of its hair,. 
And cas'd in brass for Xatian kings to bear." 

When thus in public view the peace was tied ' 
With solemn vows, and sworn on either side, 

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I J 


All dues performM which holy rites require, 
The victim beasts, are slain before tlie nre, 
The trembling entrails from their bodies torn, 
And to the fattenM flames in chargers bonie. 

Already the Rutulians drem*d their man 
O'ermatchVl in arms, before the fight began. 
First rising fears are wliisper'd ihro' the crow'd; 
Then, gath'rinj; round, they murmur more aloud. 
Now , side to side, they measure with their eye« 
The champions^ bulk, their sinews, and tbeii''iilW: 
The nearer they approach, the more is known 
Th* apparent disadvantage of their own. . 
Turnus himself appears in public sight 
Conscious of fate, desponding of the fight. 
Slowly he moves, and at his altar stands 
With eyes dejected, and wiili trembling iiands? 
And while he mutters undislinguish'd prayers 
A livid deadness in his cheeks appears. 

With anxious pleasure when Jutuma view'd ' 
Th' increasing fright of the mad multitude, 
When their short sighs and thick'ning sobs she 
And found their ready iniiuis for change prHpar*d ; 

j Dissembling Iver immortal form, she took 

Camertes' niiep, his habit, and his look — 
A chief of ahcient blood :— in arms wril knowh 
Was his great sire, and he'Viis greater son. 
His shape assum'd, amid the ranks she ran, ' ' 
And, humoring their first motions, tlius begart J- '' ' 
•* For shame, Rutulians! can you hear the SJgIrt 
Of one e.xposM for all, in single fight ? • 
Can we, before the face of heav'n, confess ' 

\ Our coil rage colder, or our numbers less? 

View ail the Trojan host,th' Arcadian btttid, • • 

\ And Tliscan army ; count them as tb^ Stand: 

; Undaunted to.the battle if we go, 

/ Scarce ev'ry second man will share a foe. 

^ Tumos, Uis.true, in this unequal strife. 

Shall lose, with honour, his devoted life, 

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240 £NETS. 

Or chan|e it rather for immortal fame, 
Succeeding to the gods, from whence he came 
But you, a servile and inglorious band, 
For foreign lords shall sow your native land, 
Those fruitful fields, your fighting fathers gain'd, 
Which have so long their lazy sons sustain'd." 

With words like these, she carried her design. 
A rising murmur runs along the line. 
Then e*ea the city troops, and Latians, tir*d 
With tedious war, seem with new souls inspirM : 
Their champion's &te with pity ihey lament, 
And of the league, so lately sworn, repent. 
Nor fails the goddess to foment the rage 
With lying wonders, and a false presage ; , 
But adds a sign, which, present to their eyes^ 
Inspires new courage, and a glad surprise. 
For, sudden, in the fiery tracts above. 
Appears in pomp th' imperial bird of Jove: 
A plump of fowl he spies, that swim the lakes. 
And o*er their beads his sounding pinions shakesY 
Then, stooping on the fairest of the train, 
In his strong talons trussM a silver swan.. 
Th' Italians wonder at th' unusual sight: 
But, while he lags, and labours in his fiigh\, 
Behold, the dastard fowl return anew, 
A nd with united force the foe pursue : 
Clam'rous around the royal hawk they fly. 
And, thickening in a cloud, o'ershade the sky. 
They cuflf, they scratch, they Cioss his airy course; 
Nor can th' encumbered bird sustain their force ; 
B.ut, vex'd, not vanquish'd, drops the pond'rqus prey, 
And, lightened of his burden, wings his way, 

Th* Ausooian bands with shouts salute the sigh^, 
Eager of action, and demand the fight. ,' , 

Then king Tolumnius, versM in augurs* arts,. 
Cries out, and thus his boasted skill imparts:] 
** At length 'tis granted, what I long desir'd ?' ' 
This, this is what my frequent vows reiv'jir'a 

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JENEIS. ^41 

Yc jgods ! I take your omen and obey. — 
Advance, my friends, and charge ! 1 lead the way. 
These are the foreign foes, whose impiou* baml. 
Like that rapacious bird, infest our land : i 

But soon, like bim, they shall be forc'd to sea 
By strength onited, and Ibrego the prey.^ 
Vour timely succour to your country bring ; 
Hasten to rescue, and redeem your king.** 

He said : and pressing onward throu^ the crew, 
PoisM in his lifted arm, his lance he threw.. 
The winged weapon, whistling in the wind. 
Came driving on, nor missM the mark desi^pi^d. 
At once the cornal rattled m the skies: 
At once tumultuous shouts and clamourg rise. 
Nine brothers in a goodly band there stood. 
Bom of Arcadian, mixM with Tuscan blood, 
Gylippus* sons: the fatal javMin flew, 
AimM at the midmost of the friendly crew^. 
A passage through the jointed arms it found, 
Just where the belt was to the body bound, . 
And struck the gentle youth extended on the ground. ! 
Then, fir'd with pious rage, the generous traia 
j Run madly forward to revenge the slain. 

And some with eager haste their javUins throw ; . 
And some with sword in hand assault the foe. 

The wishM insult the Latine troops embrace. 
And meet their ardopr in the middle space. 
The Tuscans, Trojans, and Arcadian line. 
With equal courage obviate their design. 
Peace leaves the violated fields ; and h»te 
Both armies urges to their mutual fkte. 
With impious haste their altars are o^ertum^d. 
The sacri&ce half broilM, and half unbum'd. 
\ Thick storms of steel f "om either army fly^ . f 

And clouds of clashing darts obscure the sky: •. j 
' Brands from the fire are missive weapons made, 

' With chaigers, bowfs, and all the priestly trada. 

^ VOL. II 16 

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Xatinus, frightM), basieas from the fny. 

And beitra bit uoregaid^d gods away. 

These on their horses vault; those yoke the car; 

The rest, with swokIu on bigb» tAm heacttoos to iht wi 

MessapuB, eager to confound the peace, 
Spurred his hot courser through tbe^hting piete. 
At Icing Aulestes, by his purpia luiowa 
A Tuscan prince^ and by his «ei;al eiown ; 
And, iriih a stock ancouat*nn|, bow hhn doviM»r 
Backward he Mk; and, as hia iW deiNgnH 
The ruins of an aHar wqra bebindt 
There piishmg on his shouldawand bis bet^i, 
Amid the scatt'riog fipee he }ay iupMy Sfiread^ 
The beamy spear, descending iirom above* 
His cuirass pseieM, and tbeoogh hi» body dsova. 
Then, with a scosaAil sniiWy the vietpr cries 
«* The gods have fiMMid a fiaer saftri^e«'^ 
Greedy of spai^ th^ Italians sirip the dwd 
Of his rich iinnour, and UMXOwn his head. 

Priest Cornvue arm^ hie batte»' hand. 
From his 9w* akar, with a hkiaing bianA } 
And, as EUMMUft with a thundering pace 
AdvancM to bailie, dashed it on bis facat 
His bristly bciaid shines out with sudden firt>s v 
The crack'ling oreir a aoisQine scent expiies. 
FoUowiog the blow, he saia*d his curiiiig c«own 
With his left hand ; hi» other cast him down. 
The prostrat# body with his knees t» pre»»^*d, 
And plungM hie holy fionifird in bis breast. 

While Podahffius^ with biff sword, pursued 
The shepherd AJsus through the iyiiw cvowd. 
Swiftly he lunie, and aims a deadly blow 
Full on the front of his unwary fiia. 
The broad axe enters with a cmshntg sound, 
And e\9Xf^ the chin witlvauc continued wound 
Warm Mood^ and mingled hsaia% besmear hifr arm» 

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JCNGIft. Z4Sf 

An iron sleep his 8tu|ud eyes pppreasM . 

And seiz'd their lieavy licis in endless lest, 

But good iSneas rushM amid the bands: 

Bare was his head*^ and naked were his bands. 

In sign of truce : then thus be cries aloud : 

" What sudden ragjB, what new desire of bloody 

Inflames your altered minds ? O Trqian^ I cease 

From impious arms, nor violate the pe^ce. 

By human sanctions^ an4 1^ laws.^yiiie» 

The terms are all agreed , ws war is nupe. 

Dismiss your fears, and let the fi^t ensue.; 

This hand alone shall right the gods aiuil ypu» 

Our injured altars, anc^ their broken vowt 

To this avenging sword th^ fiutblena Tuoous ow^." 

Thus wbilp he spoke, unmindful of defend** 
A winged arrow struck the pious, prince. 
But, whether from some human band it pfiue, 
Or hostile god, is left unknown by fame; 
No human hand, or hostile god, was £nuud« 

^ To boast the triumph of so base a woui^d. 

When Tumus saw the Txajan quit the plaw,. 
His chiefs dismay'd, his troops a wimhig twip, 

I Th* unhopM event his heightened soul in«pire^:. 

At once his arms and couiaera he requires ;. 
Then, with a leap, his lofty chaciot gains. 
And with a ready band assumes the reins. 
He drives impetuous, and, whereV he gp^s. 
He leaves behind a lane pf slaughlerM toea. 
These his lance reaches ; over tihose he rolls 
Hi^ rapid car, and crushes out tbeir souls. 
In vain the vanquished llv; tha victor sefad« 

\ The dead men's weapon's at their living frigndf» 

Thus on Mie banks oi Hebrus' &f|esif^ floodt . 

^ The god of battles, in bis an^y moiaKi, 

Clashing his sword against ms b^a?^ ^eld, < 
Lets loose the reins, and scours along the fie}dw 

/ Before the wind his fiery coursers fly : 

/ Groans the sad earth, rcseimds the rattling sky. 

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S44 £NEIS. 

Wrath, Terroi, Treason, and Despair, 

(Dire faces, and deforrn*d) surround the car-* 

Friends of the god, and followers of the war. 

With fury not unlike, nor less disdain, 
Exulting Tumus flies along the. plain ; 
His smoking horses at their utmost speed, 
He lashes on ; and urges o*er the dead. 
7'heir fetlocks run with blood, and when they bound. 
The gore and gathering dust are dash*d around. 
Thainyris and Pholus, masters of the war. 
He kiird at hand, but Sthenelus afar: 
From far the sons of Imbrasus he slew, 
Glaucus and Lades, of the Lycian crew — 
Both taught to fight on foot, in battle join*d, 
Or mount the courser that outstrips the wind. 

Meantime Eumedes, vaunting in the field. 
New fir'd the Trojans, and their foes repell'd. 
This sou of Dolon bore his grandsire*s i:ame. 
But emulated more his father^s fame — ^ 

Him guileful father, sent a nightly spy. 
The Grecian Oamp and order to descry — 
Hard enterprise! and well he might require 
Achilles* car and horses, for his hire : 
But, met upon the scout, th' iEtolian prince 
In death bestow'd a juster recompense. 

Fierce Tumus view'd the Trojan firom afar 
And launched his javMin from his lofty car. 
Then lightly leaping down, pursu'd the blow, 
And, pressing with his foot his prostrate foe. 
Wrenched from his feeble hold the shming sword, 
And plung'd it in the bosom of its lord. 
" Possess," said he, *'the fruit of all thy pains, 
And measure at thy length, our Latian plains, 
Thus ara my foes rewarded by my hand : 
Thus may they build their town, aud thus enjoy the 

Then Dares, Butes, Syberis he slew, 
Whom o*er his neck the floundering courser threw 

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As when loud Boreas, with bb bluet^ring train, 
Stoops iipom above, ktcumbent on the main. 
Where'er he flies, he drives the rack before. 
And rolls tb' billows on the i£gean shore: 
So, where resistless Turnus takes his course. 
The scattered squadrons bend beiore his force. 
His crest of horse^s hair is blown behind 
By adverse air, and rustles io the wind. 

This haughty Phegcus saw with high disdain. 
And, as the chariot rolled along the puin, 
Light from the ground he leapM, and seiz*d the rein 
Thus hung in.air« he still retaio'd bis hold. 
The couriers frighted, and their course controlPd. 
The lance of Turnus reach'd him as he hung. 
And pierc'd his plated arms, but passed along. 
And only raisM the skin. He turn'd, and held 
Against his threatning foe his ample shield. 
Then caird for aid : but, while he cried in vain, 
The chariot bore him backward on the plain. 

^ He lies reversed : the victor king descends, 

And strikes so justly where his helmet ends, 
He lops the head. The Latian fields are dnmk 
With streams that issue from the bfeedJng trunk. 

While he triumphs, and while the Trojans yield, 
The wounded prince isforcM to leave the field: 
Strong Mneatheus, and Achates, often tried. 
And young Ascanius, weeping by his side, 
Conduct him to his tent Scarce can he rear 
His limbs from earth, supported on his spear. 
Resolved in mind, regardless of the smart. 
He tugs with both his haods, and breaks the dart 

\ The steel remains. No readier way he foimd 

' To draw the weapon, than t* enlarge the wound. 

\ Eaiger of fight, impatient of delay. 

He begs ; and his unwilling friends obey. 

I lapis was at hand to prove his art 

Whose blooming youth so firM ApoUo*s heart 
That for his love, he profter'd to bellow 
Hi» tuneful harp, and his unerring !>ow 

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- *'3 mnvAs, 

The pious 3roiith, ittort atiitRoirt hrtW to saVfe 

His aged sire, now sinking to the grave, 

PiefeitM the pow*r of [>lants awd silent pttfi* 

Of healing arti, before Phoebc^n baytl 

ProppM on hii lanoe, t4« pensite hero stobd, 

And heard and sivr, uiMnov*d, fb«J mourning «rt>#d. 

The fam'd phjTsiciaH tacla his robes iround 

With ready hands^ and hastens to the wound. 

W'iUi gentle touches he |ferforms his part, 

This way and that, sdlicitittg: the dart, 

And exercises aH his heav'iify Art. 

All soft'ning simples, k«oW& of sov*relgfr use, 

He presses out, and pours their noble jui(ie. 

These first iofus'd, to lenify the pdin— 

He tugs with pincers, but he lugs in vain. 

Then to the patron of his art he prayM: 

The patron of his art refused his aid. 

Meantime tiie war approadieS to th6 tents : 
Th' alarm grows hotter^ aftd the noise augments : 
The driving dust proclaims this danger nelr ; 
And first their friends^ and then th«Hr fo*s appear: 
Their fi-ibnds retreat^ their fbe^ pursue the redr. 
The camp is fiH'd with terror *nd aflFr/ght: 
The hissing shafts within the ttetnoh allightr 
An undistirguish*d noise ascendrfhil sky — 
The shouts of those who kill, Oud grodhs of those 
who die. 

But now the goddess-mother, ^tWQ with griet; 
And piercM with pity, hastens her rerM*r. 
k branch of healing dittany she brought. 
Which in the Cretan fiekki with care she sought— 
jRough is the stem, whteh woolly leaves surround : 
The leaves w4tlf flow'rsy the flow'i's with purple crownVh 
Well known to wounded goats ; a surd relief 
To draw the pointed steel, and ease the grief. 
This Venus brings, in clouds involvM, and br^vvs 
Th* extracted liquor with ambi-osian dews. 

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AiKKiS. 447 

Am! odorous peiiac^ Uii^feiHi slie Men^, 
Temp'rinethe mixHire wHh her iieav'nly hatidf. 
And pourtli in a bowl, Mready crowned 
With juice rif medVniB herbs pr?pat*d to bf|th< fii^ 

The leech, unknowini^ of superior art 
Which aids the cure, with this fementd ihlft pfcrt \ 
And in a nioment 6ea^ the mging smart 
StanchVl is the bktod, ted in the bottom stands: 
Tlie steel, btit scAitety touched With tender hands, 
Moves up, and (cAUms of its^wn accord ; 
And heakh and vigour are at once le^torM. 
lapis first peiteiv^d tb^ closiii^ wound ; 
And first tne ftmtst^ps of a god he ftrand. 
" Arms ! anhs !** he cries :*'tbe sword and shii^ld ))f«pan. 
And send Ch« Willih^ cibicif fenewM W wdr, 
This is no mbrtHl woilc, no cure of mine, 
Nor art*s ^fibct, but (lone by hands divine. 
.Some god -bur geh'ral to the battte sends ; 
Somift god pveserves his W^ ^r ereater ends.^ 
The hero arms ill haste : liis hands infoM 
His thighs with cuishes of reililgent gbld : 
InflamM to fight and ruihinj^ to the field. 
That hand sustairthig the celestial shield, 
This gripes th« lance, Imd with such vigout shakes, 
That to the r^st the b^my weapon qusdted. 
Then with a ulose embmce h^ strained his son. 
And, kis^g thiou|;h his helmet thus beguii : 
** My SOB ! from my example lefiim to war, 
f n camps to sufifer, and In wilds to dare : 
But happier chance tliiin mine Attend thy caie .* 
This day my hand thy tender age shall shield, 
And crown with honours of thfe conquel^d field : 
Thou, when thy r}pit years shall send rhe^ for^ 
To toils of War, bfe mindAil of my worth : 
Assert thy birthright ; ted in arms be knowt* 
For Hectoi^s nephew and i£neas* son.** 

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248 ^NEJS. 

He said ; and, striding, is^ed on the plain. 
Anteus and Mnestheiis, and a ouni^rous train, 
Attend his steps: the rest their yeapons take. 
And crowding to the field the camp forsakeu 
A cloud of blinding dudt is raised around ; 
Labours beneath their feet the trembling ground. , 

Nor Turnus, posted on a hill, firom far 
Beheld the progress of the movjng war: 
With him tne Latius viewM the cover'd plains; 
And the chill blood ran backward in tlieir veins. 
Jutuma saw th^ advancing troops appear, 
And heard the hostile sound,and fied for fear, 
i£neas leads ; and draws a sweeping train, 
ClosM in their ranks, and pouring on the plain 
As, when a whirlwind, rustling to the shore 
From the mid ocean, drives the waves before ; 
The painful hind with heavy heart foresees 
The flatted fields, and slaughter of the trees ; 
With such impetuous rage the prince appears. 
Before his doubled front ; nor less destruction bears. 
And now both armies shock in open field j 
Osiris is by strong Thymbraeus kiU'd. 
Archetius, Ufens, £pulony are slain 
(All famM in arms, and of the Latian train) 
By Gyas*, Moestheus', and Achates' band. 
The ratal augur falls, by whose commaad 
The truce was brokeotand whose lance, embnjM 
With Trojan blood, th' unhappy fight renewed. 
Loud shouts and clamours renif the liquid sky ; 
And o'er the fields the frighted Latins fiy. 
The prince disdains the dastards to pursue. 
Nor moves to meet in arms the fighting few. 
Turnus alone, amid the dusky plain, 
He seeks, and to the combat calls in vain. 
Jutuma heard, and, seizM with mortal fear, 
Forc'd from the beam her brother's charioteer ; 
Assumes his shape, his armour, and his mien, 
And, like Metiscus, in hi» seat is seen. 

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£NEIS. 249 

As the black swallow near the palace plies; 
O'er empty courts, and uiKler arches, flies ; 
Now hawks aloft, now skims along the flood, 
To fiimisb her k>quacious nest wiUi food : 
So drives the rapvi goddess o'er the plains ; 
The smoking horses run with loosenM reins. 
She steers a various course among the ibes : 
Now here, now there, her conquering brother shows ; 
Now with a strait, now with a wheeling flkht. 
She tums and bends, but shuns the sin^ fight 
£neas, fif d with fury, breaks the crowd. 
And seeks his Uie, and calls by name aloud : 
He rune within a narrower ring, and tries 
To stop the chariot, but the chariot flies. 
if he hut gain a ghmpsc, Juturna fears. 
And far away the Daunian hero bears. 
^ ' What should he do ? Nor arts nor arms avail ; 

And various cares in vain his mind assail. 
The great Messapus, thundering through the field, 
\ In his left hand two pointed jav'lins held : 

Gnoount'ring on the prince, one dart he drew, 
And with unerring aim, and utmost vigour, Unew. 
/ ^neas saw it come, and, stooping low 

Beneath his buckler, shunu*d the threatening blow. 
The weapon hiss'd above his head, and tore 
The waving plume, which on his helm he wore. 
Forc'd by this hostile act, and fir'd with spite, 
That flying Tumus still declined the fight. 
The prmce, whose piety had long rcpelTd 
His inborn ardour now 'invades the field -, 
' Invokes the pow'rs of violated peace, 

' Their rites and injured altars to redress. 

Then to his rage, abandoning the rem, 
^ With blood and slaughtered ^dies fills the plain. 

What ^od can tell, what numbers can display, 
; The various labours of that fatal day? 

' What cliiefs and clminpions fell on either side. 

In combat slain, ct by what^dcaths they died.' 

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t*0 MSttS. 

Wliom Turniw, whom the Trojan hero kUPdP 
Who shared the fame and fortune of the iield'> 
(ove : couldst thoa vievir, and not avett fby tigbt» 
Two jarring nations join*d in cruel ^htv 
Whom leagues of lastins love so shortly ihidl imhi f 

iCneas first, RutuHan Sucro foUnd^ 
Whose valour made the Trojans quit thirtr grwiiid ; 
Betwixt his ribs the javMin drove eo just, 
It reachVj his heart, nor needs a seeorid thrvst. 
Now Turn us, at two blows, two breittreh slew ? 
First from his horse fierce Amycu* bfe thrtW : 
Then, leaping on the around, on (boi asds^Pd 
Diores, and in equal ^^t prevaird. 
Their lifeless trunks he leaves upon the place \ 
Their heads, distrlling gore, his chariot grace. 

Three cold on earth the Trojan hero thrtw, 
Whom without respite at one charge he slew : 
Ceihegus, Tanals, Talus, Ml oppress'd, 
And sad Onyihes, added to the rest— 
Of Theban blood, whom Peridia bore. 
Tumus two brothers fVom the Lycian shor^ 
And from Apollo's fkne to battle sent. 
Overthrew : nor Phoebus could then* fete prevent. 
Peaceful MencBtes after these he krird, 
Who long had shunnM the dangers of the field t 
On Lema's lake a Silent life he led, 
And with his nets and angle ettrn'd Kls bread. 
Nor pomifnus cares, nor palaces, he knew. 
But wisely from the infectious world wHhdreW. 
Poor was his house: his father^s painfiil hand 
Discharged his rent, and ploughed anocher*a land 

As flames among tiie lofty woods are thrown 
On diff Vent sides, and both by Wind« are bloxvti \ 
The laurels crackle in the sputtering fire ; 
The frighted sylvans from their shades retire: 
Or as two neighb'ring torrents fall from high, 
Hapid they run : the foamy waters fiy ; 

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They roll to sea with umesiMed fotree. 
And down the roek« precipitate thwif c 
Not with less rage the liTtil herolBtlaki 
Their different wajr^; a&f less destrucuoa i 
With spears afar, with swords M hand, thev i 
And zeal of slaughter fires their Soult iUik« i 
Like them, their daui:tles^ men raaintmn thefteM: 
\ A nd hearts are pierced, nnknowing how to yiet<i : 

They blow for hJnw return, and wound for wouAa ; 
And heaps of bodies raise the level grtMjmt. 

Murranus, boasting of bis blood, that spriufDi 
From a long royal race of Latian kmgs^ 
; Is by the Trojan from liis Chariot thrown : 

Crushed with the weight of an unwieldy stem: 
Betwixt the wheels he fell ; the wheek, that mmt 
His living load, his dying body taw. 
^ His starting steeds, to shun th^ ^tfrinr swonl. 

Paw down his trampled lirtibs^ roi|;et&il of tiMir kmu 
\ Fierce Hxilus threatened high, andj iitee to liio«i« 

/ Affronted Turn us in th« miHme spaoirt 

The prince encountered him in ftiil caweer* 
j And at his temples aim*d tlie deadly spetvi 

So fatally the flying weapon sf)edi 
^ That through his bra^n helm it piero'd bis JMad. 

/ Nor, Cisseus, couldst thmi *8oape from Tttmt»8^ hand, 

> In vain the strongest of th* A madiaa bami; 

^ Nor to Cupentus could his gods afibrd 

Availing aid again^ th* JEnean swaidt 
Which to his naked heart pursuM the cetarMs 
^ Nor could his plated shield suetaia the tonnb. 

loliis fell, whom not the Giaeiaa pow*ff , 
Nor great sUbveiter of the Tra^ tom^im, 
^ Were doomM to kill, vtrHile heaven prolonged his data: 

But who can pass the bdunds prefixM by Fatef 
1 In high Lyrnessus, and in Troy, he hold 

* Two palaces, and \^as firofn each expeil'tit 

/ Of all the mighty man, the last remaiius 

A little spot of foreign eartli contait«r. 

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t5t JENfClS. 

And now both hosts their broken troops unit6 
In eqnal ranks, and mix in mortal figlit 
Serestus and undaiMMed Mnestheus join 
The Trojan, Tuscan, and Arcadian line ; 
Sea-bom Messapus, with Atinas, heads 
The Latin squadrons, and to iiattle leads. ' 
They strike ; they pusli ; they throng the scanty space 
ResolvM on death, impatient of disgrace ; 
And, where one falls, another fills his place. 
Tiie Cyprian goddess now inspires her son 
To leave th* unfinisird figifit, and storm the town • 
For, while he rolls hie ej'es around the plain 
m quest of Turnus, whom lie seeks in vain, 
He views th* ungaurded city from afar. 
In careless quiet, and secure of war. 
Occasion offers, and excites his mind 
To dare beyond the task he first designed. 
Resolv*d he calls his chiefs: they leave the fight - 
Attended thus, he takes a neighboring height: 
The crowding troops about tlieirgerrral siand, 
All under amis^ and wait his high command. 
Then thus the lofty prince : »* Hear and obey 
Ve Trojan bands, without the least delay. 
Jove is with us: and what 1 have decreed, 
Requires our utmost vigour, and our speed. 
Vour in.«tant arms against the town prepare, 
The source of mischief, and the seat of 'war 
This day the Latian towers, that mate the sky, 
Shall, level with the plain, in ashes lie: 
Tlie people shall be dares, unless in time 
1 hey kneel for pardon, and repent their crime. 
Twice have our foes been vanquisliM on the plain : 
Then shall I wait till Turnus will be slain f 
Your force against the peijur^d city bend : 
There it began, and there the war shall end. 
The peace profiin'd our rightful arms requires; 
Cleanse the polluted place with puiging fires." 

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He finished ; anc— one soul inspiring all— 
Fonr.M in a wedge, the foot approach the wall. 
Without the town, an unprovicfed train 
Of gaping gazing citizens are slain. 
Some firebrands, others scaling ladders, bear ; 
And those they toss aloft, and these they rear ; 
The flames now launchM, the. feather^ arrows fly; 
And clouds of missive arms obscure the sky'. 
Advancing to the front, the hero stands, 
And, stretching out to heaven his pious hands. 
Attests the guas, asserts his innocence, 
Upbraids with breach of faith th* Ausonian prince , 
Declares the royal honour doubly stained. 
And twice the riles of holy peace profanM. 

Dissenting clamours in the town arise 
Each will be heard, and all at once advise. 

^ One part for peace, and one for war, contends : 

Some would exclude their foes, and some admit ttieir 

' friends. 

\ The helpless king is hurried in the throng, 

' And (whatever tide prevails) is borne along. 

Thus, when the swain, within a hollow rock, 

I Invades the bees with sulSbcating smoke, 

They run around, or labour on their wings. 
Disused to flight,and shoot their sleepy stings; 
To shun the bitter fumes, in vain they try ; 
Black vapours, issuing from the vent, involve the sky, 
But Fate and envious Fortune now prepare 
To plunge the Latins in the last despair. 
The queen, who saw the foes invade the town, 

^ And brands on tops of burning houses thrown. 

Cast round her eyes, distracted with her fear:— 
No troops of Turnus in the field appear. 
Once moi\; she stares abroad, but still in vain ; 
J And then concludes the royal youth is slain. 

. Mad with her anguish, impotent to bear 

' The mighty grief, she loalhs the vital air. 

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1^4. .f.NlLlS. 

Siie culls liei-sell Uie cause of all liiib til, 

And owns the dire eflfects of licr ungoveinM will: 

She raves against rhe gods ; she beats lior breast \ 

She tears with both her hands her purple vest*. 

Then round a beani a running noose she tied, 

And fasten^ by the neck, obscenely died. 

iSoon as the latal news by fame was blown, 

And to her dames* and to her daughter kLOwn, 

The sad Lavinia rends her yellow hair, 

And rosy cueeks: the rest he** sorrow shaie: 

With shrieks the palace rings, and madii^ss of despfit 

The spreading rumour ^lls the public place: 

Confusion, ifAt, distraction, and disgrace, 

And silent shame, ai*e seen in evVy face. 

I^atinus tears his garments as he goes. 

Both for his public and his private woes: 

With filth his venerable beard besmears; 

And sordid dust dpforms his silver hairs. 

And much he blames the softness of his mind, 

Obnoxious to the oharnis of womankind, 

And soon reduced to change what he so well de 

st^'d — 
To break the solemn league so long cJosirM, 
Nor finished what his faies, and those of Troy, ter lir'J 

Now Turaus rolls aloof o'er empty plains ; 
And here and tnere some straggling foes he gleann. 
His flying coursers please him less and less, 
Asham'cTof easy fight, and cheap success. 
Thus half contended, anxions in his mind, 
Th*5 distant cries come driving in the wind — 
Shouts from the walls, but shouts in murmurs drown 
A jarnng mixture, and a boding sound. 
" Alas !" said he, " what mean these dismal cries ? 
What doleful clamours from tl>e town arise?" 
C ontusM he stops, and biickward pulls the reins. 
She, who the driver's otfice now sustains, 
Replies: "Neglect, my lord, these new alarms: 
Here fight, and xicii^e the loirune of your arms. 

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TheM want not otliers to defend the wall. 
If by your rivars hand th* Italians fall. 
So shall yoiwr fatal sword his friends oppi^s» 
In honour equal, equal in success." 

To this the prince : " O sister !— for I knew» 
The peace infring'd proceeded first from you : 
I knew you, when you mingled first in figln : 
And now in vain yi>u would deceive my sigh^— 
Why, goddess, this un^profitable care? 
Who sent you dpwti from heav'n, involved in air, 
Your share of mortal sorrows to sustain. 
And see your brother blet^tling on the plain ? 
For to what powV can Tufuus have recourse* 
Or how i-esist his fate*s prevailing force ? 
These eyes beheld Murranus bite the ground. 
Mighty the inaja< and mighty was the wound. 
I heard my dearest friend, with dying breath. 
My name invoking, to revenge his death. 

/ Brave Ufene fell with hoiK>ur on the place, 

\ To shun the sbajneful sight of my disgrace. 

/ On earth supine, a manly corpse he lies ; 

^ His vest and armour are the victor^s pri^. 

Then shall ( ^e Lau^entMrn in a flame, 
Which only wanted to complete my shame? 
[ How will the Latins hoot tlieir champion's ^ight ! 

) How Drances will insult, and point tl^eiu to thfi sight i 

) Is death so hi|jrd to bear i*— Ve gods below ! 

(Since those above so small conipfi^^sion show) 
I Receive a soul, unsullied yet with sham®, 

Which not belies my great forefather's name.** 

\ He said : and, while he spoj^e, with flyi^ig speed 

Came Saa^s urging on his foamy steed : 
Fix'd on his wounded fio^e a shaft he bore. 
And seeking Tumus, sent his voice before: 
** Turnus ! on you, on you alone, depends 
Our last relief:— compassionate your friend 

/ Like Ught^ning, fierce iEneas, rolling on, 

/ With arms invests, with flames invades the towtf 

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The brands are tossM on high : the winds conspire 

To drive adong the deluge of the fire. 

Ail eyes are fixM on you : your foes rejo?ce: 

£*en tlie liing staggers, and suspends his ctioice — 

Doubts to deliTer or defend the town, 

Whom to reject, or whom to call his son. 

The queen, on whom your utmost hopes were placM, 

Herself suborning death, has breath'a her last. 

'Tis true, Messapus, fearless of his fate. 

With fierce Atinas* aid, defends the gate : 

On ev*ry side surrounded by the foe. 

The more they kill, the greater numbers grow ; 

An iron harvest mounts, and still remains to mow. 

You far aloof from your forsaken bauds, 

Your rolling chariot drive o'er empty sands'" 

Stupid he sate, his eyes on earth declin*d, 
And various cares revolving in his mind ; 
Rage, boiling from the bottom of his breast. 
And sorrow mixM with shame, his soul oppressed ; 
And conscious worth lay laboring in his thought, 
And love by jealousy to madness wrought 
By slow d^rees his reason drove away 
The mists of passion, and resum'd her sway. 
Then rising on his car, he tum'd his look. 
And saw the town involved in fire and smoke. 
A wooden tow'r with flames already blaz'd, 
Which his own hands on beams and rafters raised, 
And bridges laid above to join the space. 
And wheels below to roll from place to place, 
** Sister ! the fates have vanquished ; let us go 
The way which heav*n and my hard fortune show 
The fight is fix*d : nor slrall the branded name 
Of a base coward blot your brother's fame, 
Death is my choice : but suffer me to try 
My force, and vsnt my rage before I die." 
He said : and leaping down without delay, 
Through crowds of scattered foes he freed his way 

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Striding he passed, impetuous as the wind, 
And lelt the grieving goddess fkr behind. 
As, when a ^gnient, from a mountain torn 
By raging tempests, or by torrents borne. 
Or sappM by time,orloosen'd from tito roots — 
Prone through the void the rocky ruin shoots, 
Rolling from crag to crag, from steep to steep: 
Down sink, at once, the shepherds and their sheep 
Involved alike, they rush to nether ground ; 
StunnM with the shock they liBdl,and sfunnM fr'>n> 

earth rebound : 
So Turnus, hasting headlong to the town. 
Shouldering and shoving, bore the squadrons down.10U9 
Still pressing onward, to the walls he drew, 
Where shafts and spears and datts promiscuous flew, 
And sanguine streams the dipp'ry ground embrue. 
First stretching out his arm, iu sigu of peace. 
He cries aloud, to make the cornet cease : 
** Rutulians, hold ! and Latian troops, retire ! 
The fight is mine ; and me the gods require. 
*Ti8 just that I should vindicate alone 
The broken truce, or for the bieach atone. 
This day shall free from wars tir Ausonian state, 
Or finish my misfortunes in my fiate." 
Both armies from their bloody work desist, 
And, bearing backward, form a spacious list 
Tlie Trojau hero, who receiv'd from fame 
The welcome sound, and heard the champion's name 
Sooii leaves the taken works and mouuted walls : 
Greedy of war where greater glory calls. 
He springs to fight, exulting in his force ; 
His jointed aurmour rattles m the course. 
Like Eryx, or like Athos, great he shows. 
Or father Apenuine, when, white with snows, 
His headfdivinetobscure in clouds he hides. 
And shakes the sounding forest on his sides. 

The nations, over-aw*d, surcease the fight : 
Immoveable their l?K)di««, fix'd tlieir light. 

vol II 17 

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26$ #ii«if* 

E'en Death stands still: nor froip above they throve 
Their darts, nor drive tneir batt'rin^-ram? helow. 
In silent order either armj stands, 
And drop their swords, unknowing, from their hands. 
Th' Ansonian kipg heholdf/ with wond'ripg sight, 
Two mighty ehatapiofis piateh'd ip pipgle nght. 
Bom under olimes. remote, and hrDughtby fate, 
With swords to try their titles te the sti^e. 

Now, in closed field, each other from t^far 
They riew ; and, rushing on» b«gin the war. 
They launch their spears; then hand to hand Utey meet; 
The trembling soil resounds beneath their feet : 
Their bucklers clash; thiek blows deeeend from high. 
And flakes of fire flrom their hard helmets fly. 
Courage conspires with chance; and both engage 
With equal fortune yet, and mutual rage. 

As, when two bulls for their fair female fight 
In Sila's shades, or on Taburnus' height, 
With horns adverse they meet : ^e keeper flies; 
Mute stands the herd; the heifers roll tneir eyes, 
And wait th' event — which victor they shall bear, 
And who ^hall be the lord to rule the lust^ year : 
With rage of love, the jealous rival? bum, 
And push for push, and wound for wound, return : 
Their dewlaps gor'd, their sides are lav'd in blood : 
Loud criei and roaring sounds rebellow thro' the wood. 
Such was the cpmbat ip the listed ground^ 
So clash their swords, and so their shields resound. 

Jove sets the beam : in either scale he lajs 
The champions' fate, and P9^^ exactly weighs. 
On this side life and luckj cha^nce f^scends : 
Loaded with de^th, t})at other noa^e descends. 
Rais'd on the stretch, young 'jTumus &ivfi9 a 1^l9w 
Full on the helm of kia unguarded foe : 
Shrill shouts and clasiours ring on either side, 
As hopes and fears their panting hei^rta dividi?. 
But all in pieces Aim the traitor sword, 
And in the middle stroko, deserts his lord. 

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Now 'tis but death or flight: disarm'd he flies. 

When in his hand an unknown hilt he spies. 

t'ame says that Tumus, wtien his steeds he joined. 

Hurrying to war, disorder^ in his mind, 

SnatchM the first weapon which his liaste could find. 

*Tw9s not the fated sword his father bore, 

But that his char.oteer Metiscus wore. 

This, while the Trojans fled, the toughness held : 

But, vain against the great Vulcanian shield, 

The mortal-teinper^d stf*el deceivM his band : 

The shivered fragments siione amid the sand. 

Surprised with fear, he fled along the field. 
And now forthright, and now in orbits wheelM : 
For here tlie Trojan troops the list surround, 
And there the pafi9 is closM with pools imd marshj 

iEneas hastens, though with heavier pace-^ 
His wound, so r»ewly knit, retards the chMum, 
And oft bis trembling knees tl\eir aid iefui0<^ 
Vet, pressing foot by foot, his foe pursues. 

Thus when a £^rful stag is closM iMrouod 
With crim$x)n toils, or iu n river found, 
High on the bank the d¥ep-rniouth*d hound stppfArm 
Still opening, following still, wherever h^ steers : 
The persecuted creature, to and fro. 
Turns here and there, V escape his Uinbrian (09 • 
Steep is th* accent, and, if he gains the laiid. 
The purple death is pitclfcl along the stnuid. 
His eager foe, determined to the chase, 
Stretch'd at his length, &;a]ris grouod at ev'ry pace t 
Now to his beamy heaH he makes his way, 
And now he holds, or th nks he holds, his prey: 
Just at the pinch, the s; u springs out with fear: 
He bites the wind, aivi 1. is sounding jaws with ain 
The rocks, the l^Jws, tiie meadows, ring with crJes ; 
The mortal tumult mounts, and thunders in the skies < 

Thus flies tbf Paunian prince, and, flying bl«aiM 
His tardy troops, and, calling by their names, 

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260 JKNKIS. 

iX'iiiands his irusly sword. The Trojan threats 
rheii' realm wiih ruin, an<i their ancient sedis 
To lay Ui ashes, if they dare supply, 
With arms or aid, his vanquished enemy ; 
Thus menacing, be still pursues his course, 
With vigour, though diminished of his force. 
I Ten times ahready, round the listed place, 
• One chief had Ikid, and t* other giv*n thechaae 
' No trivial prize is pl^yM ; for oh the life 
Or death of Tumus, now depends the strife. 
Within the space, an olive-tree had stood, 
A sacred shade, a venerable wood, 
For vows to Faunas paid, the Latins* guardian god 
Here hung the vests, and tablets were engravM, 
Of sinking manners, from shipwreck savM. 
With heedless hands the Trojans fell'd the tree, 
To make the ground enclosed for combat free. 
Deep in tlie root, whether by fate or chance, 
Or erring haste, the Trojan drove his lance ; 
Then stooped, and tuggM with force immense, to free 
Th* encumber*d spear from the tenacious tree ; 
That whom his fainting Ihnbs pursued in vain, 
His flying weapon might firom far attain. 

ConfusM with fear, bereft of human aid. 
Then Tumus to the gods, and first to Faunus prayM : 
*' O Faunus ! pity ! and thou, mother Earth, 
Where I tliy foster-son received my birth, 
Hold fast the steel ! If my religious hand 
Vour plant has honoured, which your foes profaned, 
Propitious hear my pious pray'r !" He said, 
Nor with successless vows invoked their aid. 
Ttr incumbent hero wrenched, and pulPd, and strain'd , 
But still the stubborn earth the steel detained, 
Juturna took her time ; and, while in vain 
Ho strove, assumed Metiscus* form again, 
And, in that imitated shape, restored 
To the despairing prince, his Dauuian sword. 

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The queon of love — wlto, with disdain and griel. 
Saw the bold nymph afford this prompt relief-^ 
T* assert her offspring with a greater deed, 
From the tough root the lingering weapon freed. 

Once more erect, the rivsd chiefs advance : 
One trusts the sword, and one the pointed lance ; 
And both resolvVl alike, to try their fatal chance. 

Meantime imperial Jove to Juno spoke. 
Who from a shming cloud beheld the shock : 
" What new arrest, O queen of heaven ! is sent 
To stop the Fates now laboring in th* event? 
What further hopes are left thee to pursue f 
Divine iBncas (and thou know'st it too) 
Foredoomed, to these celestial seats is due. 
What more attempts for Turnus can be made. 
That thus thou lingVest in this lonely sliade? 
Is it becoming of the due respect 
And^wful /lonour of a god elect, 
A wound unworthy of our state to feel. 
Patient of human hands, and earthly steel? 
Or seems it just the sisters should rc^store 
A second sword, when one was lost before, 
And arm a conquered wretch against his conqueror? 
For what, without thy knowledge and avow. 
Nay more, thy dictate, durst Juturna do? 
At last, in deference to my love, forbear 
To lodge within thr soul this anxious cares 
ReclinM upon my breast, thy grief unload :— • 
Who should relieve the goddess, but tlie god ? 
Now all things to their utmost issue tend. 
Pushed by the Fates to their appointed end. 
While leave was giv^n thee, and a lawful hour 
For vengeance, wrath, and unresisted pow'r, 
Toss*d on the seas thou could*st thy foes distress. 
And, driven ashore, with hostile arms oppress. 
Deform the royal house ; and from the side 
Of the just bnd^room, tear the plighted bride :- 

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26^ MNttS. 

Now ceasft at my cormtiand.** The ThmKTwfr said : 
And, with dejcetod eyes, this «tiswcr Juno made: 
»* Because your drean decree too well I knew, 
Fron» Timios and fmm earth, unwilling I withrtwsw. 
Ei.e should 3WU not behold me here alone, 
Involved in empty clouds, my friends bemoan, 
But, girt with veugeful frames, in open sight, 
EngagM against my foes in mortal nght 
*l'is true, Jutuma mingled in the strife 
By my command, to save a brother's life. 
At least to try ; but (by the Stygian lake — 
The most religious oath che gOds can take) 
With this restriction, not to bend the bow. 
Or toss the spear, or trembling dart to throw. 
And now, resigiiM tA your superior might. 
And tir*d with fruitless toils, 1 loathe the fight. 
This let me beg (and this no fates withstand) 
Both for myself and for your father's land. 
That, when the nuptial bed shall bind tire peace 
( Whijh I, since you ordain, consent to bless,) 
The laws of either nation be the same ; 
But let the latins still retain their name, 
Speak the same femguage which they spoke before, 
Wear the same habits which theit grandsires wore. 
Call them not Trojans: perish the renown 
And name of Troy, with that detested town. 
Latium be Latitnn still ; let Alba i«t^n, 
And Rome's immortal majesty remain.'* 

Then thus the founder of mankind replies 
(Unruffled was his front, serene his eyes:) 
** Can Saturn's issue, and heav'n's other hehr. 
Such endless anger in her bosom bear.^ 
Be mistress, and 3'our fbll desires obtain { 
But quench tire choler you foment in vain. 
From ancient blood, th* Ausonian people spnmg. 
Shall keep their name, their habit, and their totigue : 
The Trojans to their customs shall be tied : 
I will, myself, their common rites piovide: 
Tlie natives shall command, the foreigners 8ub<id<f 

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All shall b« L^tiurh ; 'troy withoii* a name : 
And her lost sons fotgW frOi.; wheiits they diirfM 
From blood §6 mix'd, i {)ioQsr&ce ifbaU flbw, 
Equal to gods, excelling all belo!^. 
No natfon more respect to you shall pav, 
Or greater ofF'rings on your altars liy." 
Juno consents, well pteas'd that her desii«s 
Had found success, and froni the cloud retired. 

The peace thus made, the Thunderer next prepare 
To force tli« ^at'ry goddess from the wars. 
Deep in the dismal regions void of light, 
Three daughters, at a hhrth, were born tb Night : 
The e their brown mother, brooding on her care, 
lndu*d with windy wings, to flit in air, 
With serpents girt alike, and crowu'd with hissing hair 
In hcav'n the Dhrae call'd, and still at hand. 
Before the throne of angry Jove tlrey statnd, 
His ministers of wrath, and ready still 
The minds of mortal men with fears to ftH, 
Whene'er the moody sire, to wreak his hate 
On realms or towns ifeservrng of theiif fate, 
Hurls down diseases, death, and deadly care. 
And terrifies the guilty world with war. 
One sister-plague of these from heav*n he sent. 
To fright Jutuma with a dire portent. 
The pest co^nes whirling down : by far more slow 
Springs the swift arrow fi-om the Parthian bow, 
Or Cydon yew, whh\ traversing the skies. 
And drench'd in poi^nOtrs juice, the sure dlestruciion flies 
With such a' sucKien, and tmseen a flight. 
Shot through thU clouds, the daughter of the Night 
Soon as the field incl6sM she had m view, 
And from afar he¥ destin'd quarry knew— 
Contracted^t6 the boding bird she turns. 
Which haunts tlie ruin'd piles and hallotv*d urns, 
And beats about the tombs with mighty wings, 
Whore sbngR obscene on sepulchres she sings 

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Thus lessened in her form, with frightful cries 

The Fury round unhappy Turn^is flies. 

Flaps on his shield, an(' flutters o^er bis eyes. 

A lazy chillness crept along his blood ; 

Cliok^d was his voice ; his hair with horror stood. 

Juturna from afor beheld her fly, 

And knew th* ill omen* by her screaming cry. 

And stridor of her wing. AmazM with fear. 

Her beauteous breast she beat, and rent her flowing hair. 

•* Ah me I" she cries, ** in this unequal strife. 

What can thy sister more to save thy life ? 

Weak as I am, can I, alas! contend 

In arms with that inexorable fiend ? 

Now, now, I quit the field ! forbear to frithl 

My tender soul, ye baleful birds of night: 

The lashing of your wings I know too well, 

The sounding flight, and funeral screams of hell! 

These are the gifts you bring from haughty Jove, 

The worthy recompense of ravish'd love! 

Did he for this exempt niy life from fate I 

O hard conditions oi immortal state! 

Though bom to death, not privilegM to die. 

But forc'd to bear imposed eternity ! 

Take back your envious bribes, and let me gp 

Companion to my brother's |host below ! 

The joys are vanish'd : nothmg now remains 

Of life immortal, but immortal pains. 

What earth will open her devouring womb, 

To rest a weary goddess in the tomb ?** 

.^hs drew a length of sighs; nor more she said, 

But in her azure mantle wrappM her head, 

Then plunged into her stream, with deep despair; 

And her last sobs came bubbling up in air. 

Now stern iEneas waves his weighty spear 
Against his foe, and thus upbraids his fear: 
" What further subterfuge can Tumus find f 
W hat empty lio{)es are harboured in his mind f 

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Tie not thy swiftness can secure thy flight: 
Not with their feet, but hands, the valiant fight 
Vary thy shape in thousand forms, and dare 
What skill and courage can atiempt in war: 
Wish for the win^ of winds, to mount ttie sky ; 
Or hid within the hollow earth to lie !** 
The champion shook bis head, and made this short 

** No threats of thine my manly mind can move : 
*Ti8 hostile heaven I dread, and partial Jove.'* 
He said no more, but, with a sign, repressed 
The mighty sorrow in his swelling breast. 
Then, as he rolled his troubled eyes around. 
An antique stone he saw, the cwomon bound 
Of neighb'ring fields, and barrier of the ground — 
So vast, that twelve strong men of modern days 
'i'h' enormous weight from earth could hardly raise. 
He heavM it at a liA, and, pois'd on high, 
Ran staggViug on against his enemy. 
But so disorder'd, that he scarcely knew 
His way, or what unwieldy weight he threw. 
His knocking knees are bent beneath the load ; 
And shiv*nng cold congeals his vital blood. 
The stone drops from bis arms, and, falling short 
Kor want of vigour, mocks his vain effiMrt. 
And as, when heavy sleep has closM the sight, 
Tlie sickly fancy labours in the nieht; 
We seem to run ; and, destitute of force. 
Our sinking limbs forsake us in the course: 
In vain we heave fm breath ; in vain we cry : 
The nerves, unbrac*d, their usual strength deny ; 
And on the tongue th* foult'ring accents die: 
So Tumus hifa: whatever means he tried 
All force of arms, and pciuts of art employ'd. 
The Fury flew athwart, and made th* endeavour voia 

A thousand various thoughts his soul confound : 
He star*d about ; nor aid, nor issue found : 
His own men stop the pass ; and his own walls sur- 


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Once more h6 pfturs^s, and tooks out ag^tn. 
And seeks tM ^de«S'ChatiofMlr ki vlni». 
Trembling he view^i th« ibond*/kig dlief advftnc0/ 
And brandishing flloft thft d<lttdi]r imv^*^ 
Amas*d he 6DW*rs iMMnUi htseon^'nngibe, 
Forgets to ward, and w^ts tNr ooming btow. 
AstonishM white he diaildSrM^ Ak^ ^nh fear, 
Aim'd at his shield, he sees th' impending speat- 

The hern mM^r*4 first, irMtnftnBW view. 
The destinM mark ; Mid, lining as be threw. 
With its fuU 9Wtng> the fatal weapon flew. 
Not with less rc^ the mttling thunder fells^ 
Or stones from bi^t'tins^en^nes break the walls 
Swift as a whiflwivid, m>ra art arm so streog, 
The lance drove on, «nd bore the death Aloiig t 
Nonght could his 8e«iefi>^old sbiekl the prtnce avail, 
Nor aught beneath his arms, -the ooat of nmit : 
It piercM through all, and with a grisly wound 
TransfixM his thigii, amd doubled htna to ground. 
With groans the Latins rend tlie vaulted sky: 
Woods, hills, and valleys, to the voice reply. 

Now, low on earth, the lofty chief is laid. 
With eyes cast upwards, and with arms disphiy^df 
And, recreant, thus to tho proud Victor pray*d. 
** I know my death deservM, nor hope to live : 
Use what the gods and thy gpod fortune give. 
Yet think, oh ! think, if meroy may be shown, 
(Thou hadst a Atther once, and hast a son)^ 
Fity my sire, now sinking to the grave. 
And for Anchises* sake, old Daunus save ! 
Or, if thy vowM revenge pursue my death. 
Give to my friends my body void (k breath ! 
The Latian chiefs have eeen me beg my life: 
Thine is the conquest, thine the ro]^ wife: 
Against a yielded man, 'tis mean, ignoble strife.** 

In deep suspeaee, tlief Trojan seem'd to stand* 
And, just prepir*d to strike, repressed his hand 

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He ron*d his eyes, and ev'ry moment felt 
His manly soul with more compassion molt ; 
When, casting down a casual glanct, he spied 
The golden belt tliat glittered on his side, 
The fatal spoil which liaughty Tumus tore 
From dying Fallas, and in triumph wore. 
Then rousM anew to wrath, he loudly cries, 
(blames while he spoke, came flashing from his eyes,) 
** Traitor ! dost tliou, dost thou to grace pretend. 
Clad as thou art, in trophies of my friend f 
To his sad soul a grateful off *rinfi; go ! 
Tis Pallas, Pallas gives this deadly blow.** 
He raisM his arm aloft, and at the word. 
Deep in his bosom drove the shining sword. 
The streaming blood distain*d his arms around ; 
\nd the disdainful soul came rushing through the 


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